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1

Gender-Preferential Text Mining of E-mail Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an investigation of authorship gen- der attribution mining from e-mail text documents. We used an extended set of predominantly topic content-free e-mail document features such as style markers, structural charac- teristics and gender-preferential language features together with a Support Vector Machine learning algorithm. Exper- iments using a corpus of e-mail documents generated by a large number of

Malcolm Corney; Olivier Y. De Vel; Alison Anderson; George M. Mohay

2002-01-01

2

German Deaf People Using Text Communication: Short Message Service, TTY, Relay Services, Fax, and E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online survey of German deaf people demonstrated that they use text communication through Short Message Service (SMS), e-mail, fax, and telephone typewriters (TTY) to communicate within communities of deaf and hearing people. SMS is used most, with more than 96% of respondents having access to a mobile phone. Most use is intrinsic and directed…

Power, Des; Power, Mary R.; Rehling, Bernd

2007-01-01

3

E-Mail Privacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between electronic mail (E-mail) and employee privacy rights. Two current course cases involving the privacy issue are summarized; the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 is explained; proposed legislation is discussed; and suggestions for employee E-mail privacy that can help avoid possible litigation are…

Shieh, Jackie; Ballard, Rhea A-L

1994-01-01

4

Did You Get My E-Mail? Moving E-Mails beyond the Inbox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge today is how to make e-mail and other forms of electronic communication effective in motivating volunteer action. Is it possible to make e-mails feel personal and welcoming? E-mail, instant messaging, texting, and social media are tools that allow individuals to communicate quickly and inexpensively, but they are lifeless without the…

Ellis, Susan J.

2011-01-01

5

Hooked on E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information overload, and an expectation that e-mails, tweets, and text messages will be answered immediately, impact productivity. The younger, information-addicted workers have a greater capacity to process this open floodgate of information, as well as a better ability to multitask. Research suggests that there is a marked drop in worker…

Espinoza, Kathy

2011-01-01

6

E-Mail and Ethical Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proliferation of the use of e-mail and texting has created some ethical dilemmas for family counselors. Although e-mail can expand and encourage communication, it is not problem free and, in fact, can pose problems. There are issues with privacy, confidentiality, and maintaining an appropriate professional relationship. Family counselors…

Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret

2009-01-01

7

Business E-mail: Guidelines for Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents guidelines to help businesspeople and business students become more effective and efficient in the use of e-mail. Includes the authors' experiences as instructors in diverse business schools and corporate settings. Notes that the guidelines cover: recognizing the nature of e-mail; composing e-mail; and processing and managing e-mail. (SG)

Munter, Mary; Rogers, Priscilla S.; Rymer, Jone

2003-01-01

8

Extracting Source Code from E-Mails  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-mails, used by developers and system users to communicate over a broad range of topics, offer a valuable source of information. If archived, e-mails can be mined to support program comprehension activities and to provide views of a software system that are alternative and complementary to those offered by the source code. However, e-mails are written in natural language, and

Alberto Bacchelli; Marco D'Ambros; Michele Lanza

2010-01-01

9

Automating E-Mail to Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a method whereby college instructors can efficiently create individualized e-mail messages to students. The technique combines the mail merge capability of Microsoft Word and Excel with an e-mail client. Examples are from successful use in two courses: large-enrollment statistics course taught by lecture and a graduate-level course in…

Oosterhof, Albert

2000-01-01

10

Creating an E-Mail Brainstorm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how large-group brainstorming via e-mail at the University of Northern Iowa was used for strategic planning. Discusses factors affecting electronic brainstorming success and the advantages and disadvantages of electronic brainstorming. (AEF)

Neuhaus, Chris

1997-01-01

11

E-mail netiquette for the medical practice employee: 50 do's and don'ts.  

PubMed

E-mail has at one and the same time become a primary communication tool for many medical practice employees and a source of untold frustration, misunderstandings, and stress. This article provides a total of 50 rules (25 do's and 25 don'ts) for e-mail netiquette to help medical practice employees use e-mail more effectively. It offers suggestions about the optimal format of e-mails, tips for writing concise e-mail texts, and guidance about the most pressing e-mail privacy and confidentiality concerns. Medical practice employees can use the practical tips presented in this article to help them save time and use their medical practices' e-mail system more productively and effectively. This article also offers suggestions for creating and using a medical practice e-mail disclaimer statement. It describes the six legal threats a disclaimer statement can prevent and the typical content for such disclaimers. Finally, this article includes guidance about creating and implementing a medical practice e-mail policy and provides an outline of typical e-mail policy content. PMID:22111286

Hills, Laura

2011-01-01

12

Adaptive e-mail intention finding mechanism based on e-mail words social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the rapid evaluation of spam, no fully successful solution for filtering spam has been found. However, the spammers still spread spam by using the same intentions such as advertising and phishing. In this investigation, we propose a mechanism of E-mail Words Social Network (EWSN) for profiling users' intentions related to interesting and uninteresting e-mails. An EWSN is constructed from

Che-Fu Yeh; Ching-Hao Mao; Hahn-Ming Lee; Tsuhan Chen

2007-01-01

13

The Whole Internet... By E-Mail  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Dr. Bob" Rankin has recently updated "The Whole Internet... By E-Mail," a comprehensive guide for using email to access all types of Internet sites. The guide provides examples of email access to information available on FTP, Gopher, WWW, Usenet, WAIS, Listserv, Finger, and "Directory Assistance" (Whois and Netfind) sites. If a user lacks full Internet connectivity but wishes to take advantage of the complete array of Internet resources, this guide is for them. It also provides instructions for accessing several miscellaneous Internet information sources via email, including dictionary lookup, sending a fax, sources of U.S. government information, Internet patent news service, currency conversion, virus protection software, and Internet Service Providers by area code. "The Whole Internet...By E-Mail" has been translated into over 25 languages. Foreign language access instructions are in the guide.

1999-01-01

14

Is Monitoring Employees' E-Mail an Invasion of Privacy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the issue of e-mail and employee privacy rights. Highlights include laws and proposed legislation, ethical dilemmas, task and nontask messages and organizational misconduct, and policy guidelines for decision making about e-mail monitoring. (AEF)

Geroy, Gary D.; Jankovich, Jackie L.

1996-01-01

15

Fluctuation in e-mail sizes weakens power-law correlations in e-mail flow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Power-law correlations have been observed in packet flow over the Internet. The possible origin of these correlations includes demand for Internet services. We observe the demand for e-mail services in an organization, and analyze correlations in the flow and the sequence of send requests using a Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA). The correlation in the flow is found to be weaker than that in the send requests. Four types of artificial flow are constructed to investigate the effects of fluctuations in e-mail sizes. As a result, we find that the correlation in the flow originates from that in the sequence of send requests. The strength of the power-law correlation decreases as a function of the ratio of the standard deviation of e-mail sizes to their average.

Matsubara, Yoshitsugu; Hieida, Yasuhiro; Tadaki, Shin-ichi

2013-09-01

16

Internet security: malicious e-mails detection and protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

New malicious e-mails are created at the rate of thousands a year and pose a serious security threat. Especially, new, unseen Internet worms and virus often are arriving as e-mail attachments. In this paper, Bayesian probabilistic network is examined to detect new malicious e-mail viruses through anomaly detection. Experimental results show a better malicious e-mail detection using Bayesian probabilistic networks.

Dong-her Shih; Hsiu-sen Chiang; Chun-yuan Chan; Binshan Lin

2004-01-01

17

Towards an integrated e-mail forensic analysis framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to its simple and inherently vulnerable nature, e-mail communication is abused for numerous illegitimate purposes. E-mail spamming, phishing, drug trafficking, cyber bullying, racial vilification, child pornography, and sexual harassment are some common e-mail mediated cyber crimes. Presently, there is no adequate proactive mechanism for securing e-mail systems. In this context, forensic analysis plays a major role by examining suspected

Rachid Hadjidj; Mourad Debbabi; Hakim Lounis; Farkhund Iqbal; Adam Szporer; Djamel Benredjem

2009-01-01

18

Prevent Spam Filters from Blocking Legitimate E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There's no question about it: Spam is a scourge. This ever-increasing torrent of unsolicited commercial mass e-mail saps productivity and, for some, threatens the very viability of e-mail. The battle against spam, unfortunately, is creating problems of its own, with people sometimes unable to send legitimate e-mail and other times unable to…

Goldsborough, Reid

2004-01-01

19

The Traveler's Guide to E-mail Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents options that travelers can use to keep in e-mail contact. Discusses equipment/access issues related to traveling with a laptop; Internet cafes; free e-mail services; accessing home mail via a Web page; and new options e-mail access for travelers. Includes Internet resources on Internet access providers. (AEF)

Clyde, Anne

1999-01-01

20

Understanding relationships among teleworkers' e-mail usage, e-mail richness perceptions, and e-mail productivity perceptions under a software engineering environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to investigate the use of e-mail and its implications under a telework environment for distributed software engineering. For this, the relative strength between a social influence and individual attributes in affecting teleworkers' e-mail use was studied. Management support was used as the representative social influence, and age, status, and ease of use represented individual attributes. An

Kunihiko Higa; Olivia R. Liu Sheng; Bongsik Shin; Aurelio Jose Figueredo

2000-01-01

21

Break the Chain: Stop Junk E-Mail and Misinformation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

False virus alerts, hoaxes, and chain letters sent through e-mail are becoming almost commonplace, which makes them more annoying than ever. This is why Break the Chain tries to educate people to stop forwarding junk e-mail to their entire contacts list. The site offers some good guidelines for e-mail etiquette and how to research chain letters. It also has a searchable database of over 300 chain letters and hoaxes currently in circulation. A fun part of the site is the Yanking the Chain Awards, which is a monthly award given out to a particularly effective (and usually humorous) response to junk e-mail.

Ratliff, John R.

1999-01-01

22

How To: Use an E-Mail List  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-mail lists (also known as LISTERVS[TM]) are organized by topic of interest, such as the Foreign Language Teaching Forum or the "Elementary Education List." People with an interest in the topic can subscribe to the list to receive periodic e-mails. Some lists are read-only and similar to newsletters; others give subscribers the option to post to…

Branzburg, Jeffrey

2004-01-01

23

Characteristics of Parent-Teacher E-Mail Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past decade, the use of computer-mediated communication such as e-mail has reportedly increased the level of parental involvement and parent-teacher communication at the elementary and secondary level. However, research has not yet examined the characteristics of parent-teacher e-mail communication. Thirty parent and 30 teacher interviews…

Thompson, Blair

2008-01-01

24

A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

2011-01-01

25

E-mail Survey Response Rates: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes response rates to e-mail surveys undertaken since 1986. Examines five influences on response rates: year undertaken, number of survey questions, number of pre-notification contacts, number of follow-up contacts, and survey topic salience. Notes response rates to e-mail surveys have significantly decreased. Suggests year the survey was…

Sheehan, Kim

2001-01-01

26

E-mail Reference in Ohio Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-mail reference services in Ohio public libraries was studied using the survey method in January 1999. Through the Ohio Public Library Information Network (OPLIN), the researcher identified 94 Ohio public libraries that have World Wide Web pages that host an e-mail address as a contact method. Fifty-nine questionnaires were returned, resulting in…

Lay, Teresa M.

27

Teacher Talk on E-Mail. Current Conversations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A high school and a university teacher converse via e-mail concerning their cooperative project in electronic literacy. The conversation highlights the frustrations of system crashes, student successes and failures, and the beginning of one teacher's dissertation. References to technology include experiences with e-mail, an LCD panel, and closed…

Whitaker, Elaine; Hill, Elaine

1996-01-01

28

E-mail security. An overview of threats and safeguards.  

PubMed

Not everyone in the organization needs to know how to secure the e-mail service, but anyone who handles patient information must understand e-mail's vulnerabilities and recognize when a system is secure enough to transmit sensitive information. PMID:20437800

Stine, Kevin; Scholl, Matthew

2010-04-01

29

Electronic Mail (E-Mail) Management and Use.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is substantially revised and must be completely reviewed. This revision updates the entire instruction. Paragraph 2. includes establishing organizational and individual E-mail accounts. Paragraph 3. differentiates between acceptable and unac...

1999-01-01

30

E-mail et Web : pour une navigation sans risque  

SciTech Connect

Présentation orale en français, support visuel en anglais. À travers des exemples concrets, vous consoliderez vos connaissances et pourrez ainsi réajuster vos habitudes concernant l’utilisation sécurisée de votre boîte e-mail et de votre navigateur Web.

None

2010-06-28

31

E-mail et Web : pour une navigation sans risque  

ScienceCinema

Présentation orale en français, support visuel en anglais. À travers des exemples concrets, vous consoliderez vos connaissances et pourrez ainsi réajuster vos habitudes concernant l’utilisation sécurisée de votre boîte e-mail et de votre navigateur Web.

32

E-mail et Web : pour une navigation sans risque  

ScienceCinema

Présentation orale en français, support visuel en anglais. À travers des exemples concrets, vous consoliderez vos connaissances et pourrez ainsi réajuster vos habitudes concernant l?utilisation sécurisée de votre boîte e-mail et de votre navigateur Web.

None

2011-10-06

33

Stacking Classifiers for Anti-Spam Filtering of E-Mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluate empirically a scheme for combining\\u000a classifiers, known as stacked generalization, in the\\u000a context of anti-spam filtering, a novel cost-sensitive\\u000a application of text categorization. Unsolicited commercial\\u000a e-mail, or \\

Georgios Sakkis; Ion Androutsopoulos; Georgios Paliouras; Vangelis Karkaletsis; Constantine D. Spyropoulos; Panagiotis Stamatopoulos

2001-01-01

34

76 FR 46853 - International Business Machines Corporation, ITD Business Unit, Division 7, E-mail and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Business Unit, Division 7, E-mail and Collaboration Group, Including Workers Off-Site...Business Unit, Division 7, E- mail and Collaboration Group, including workers off-site...Business Unit, Division 7, E-mail and Collaboration [[Page 46854

2011-08-03

35

"E" for Exposed? E-Mail and Privacy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of litigation, a number of companies have written policies declaring the right to monitor employee electronic communication. Discusses reasons why employers monitor employee e-mail, the prevalence of monitoring in universities, use and ethics policy statements, and bills of rights statements protecting employee privacy. (PEN)

Gannon-Leary, Pat

1997-01-01

36

A Bayesian approach to filtering junk e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addressing the growing problem of junk E-mail on the Internet, we examine methods for the automated construction of filters to eliminate such unwanted mes- sages from a user's mail stream. By casting this prob- lem in a decision theoretic framework, we are able to make use of probabilistic learning methods in conjunc- tion with a notion of differential misclassification

Mehran Sahami; Susan Dumais; David Heckerman; Eric Horvitz

1998-01-01

37

On-Campus E-Mail for Communicative Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project using on-campus electronic mail (e-mail) to teach communicative writing in English as a Second Language to Japanese junior college students is described. The project had three stages: (1) planning; (2) piloting with a small group of students; and (3) implementation in three large classes (n=55, 28, 36). The aim was to help students write…

Miyao, Mariko

38

Colleges Get out of E-Mail Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frantic troubleshooting by an overworked staff versus someone else fixing problems smoothly. A sliver of server space per person versus a five-gigabyte chunk. Half a million dollars versus free. That's what colleges are faced with as they decide whether to continue running their own e-mail services or outsource them to a professional service like…

Carnevale, Dan

2008-01-01

39

Missing White House E-Mail: A Whistleblowing Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whistleblowing is a core topic for ethics courses taught to Computer Science and Computer Engineering majors. However, most of the prominent engineering whistleblowing cases have little if anything to do with computing (the Hughes Aircraft case being a notable exception). Another recent case is appropriate for study, especially given the increasing focus on e-mail privacy in the workplace. In early

Edward F. Gehringer

40

E-Mail from Professor Enhances Student Motivation and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, professors use the first day of class to build rapport. However, current technology allows professors to contact students prior to the first day of class. This study assessed how the receipt of a welcoming e-mail from a female professor 1 week before the first day of class affected student motivation and attitudes toward the…

Legg, Angela M.; Wilson, Janie H.

2009-01-01

41

Fostering E-Mail Security Awareness: The West Point Carronade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point had a problem with some cadets clicking on suspicious attachments and embedded links, significantly affecting network performance and resource availability. West Point information technology leadership needed a way to increase e-mail security awareness in hopes of maintaining a strong…

Ferguson, Aaron J.

2005-01-01

42

Keypals--E-mail Leads to New Friends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Keypal Project, a project in which e-mail was introduced in two kindergarten classes with the intent to enrich children's literacy and communication skills and foster long-distance relationships. Found the project had great learning potential and was easily incorporated into constructivist programs which emphasize active learning.…

Durost, Dennis D.; Hutchinson, Sue L.

1997-01-01

43

Comparing Two Survey Research Approaches: E-Mail and Web-Based Technology versus Traditional Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasted two survey methodologies: e-mail-Web and traditional mail. Found that: (1) e-mail-Web respondents were proportionately more likely to be male and enrolled in school full-time; (2) more individual question non-response was present for the e-mail-Web sample; and (3) e-mail-Web respondents value different aspects of graduate school. (EV)

Howes, Colleen M.; Mailloux, Mark R.

2001-01-01

44

Editor's Roundtable: Stop avoiding your e-mails!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Don't expect the online "innovation" to go away--email communication is here to stay, and it is your responsibility as an educational professional to respond to them, and even use them to your advantage. This month's Editor's Roundtable column discusses the upsides to the effective use of e-mail to communicate with parents, students, and administrators. In additon, it provides some helpful guidelines for you to follow.

Robert A. Liftig, Edd -.

2007-03-01

45

Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications" by Robert H. Anderson, Tora K. Bikson, Sally Ann Law, and Bridger M. Mitchell; 1995; Rand Corporation; 267 pages, 24 tables, 18 figures; bibliography, is available for downloading from Rand Corporation's Web site. "This is the final report of a two-year RAND study. It is designed as a sourcebook on key social, technical, economic, and international issues related to providing universal access to e-mail within the United States. It is our hope that this report will help stimulate public policy discussions regarding the feasibility, desirability, and implications of universal e-mail access. Decision makers involved with such public policy issues are the primary audience for this report, but it should also be of interest to academic and business professionals involved with telecommunications policy and its social implications." The report is available in both HTML and .PDF (Adobe Acrobat) format. A free Acrobat Reader download site is available from the page.

Anderson, Robert H.; Bikson, Tora K.; Law, Sally A.; Mitchell, Bridger M.

1995-01-01

46

Report on Climate Change E-mails Exonerates Scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new report commissioned by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has largely exonerated climate scientists from the university's Climatic Research Unit (CRU) who wrote a number of controversial e-mail messages that were made public without authorization in November 2009. Critics have argued that the e-mails indicate that scientists had tampered with scientific data—including data related to land station temperatures and temperature reconstructions from tree ring analysis—subverted the peer review process, misused the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) process, and withheld data from critics. At a 7 July news conference to release the “Independent climate change e-mails review,” report chair Muir Russell said, “Climate science is a matter of such global importance that the highest standards of honesty, rigor, and openness are needed in its conduct. On the specific allegations made against the behavior of CRU scientists, we find that their rigor and honesty as scientists are not in doubt.” He continued, “In addition, we do not find that their behavior has prejudiced the balance of advice given to policy makers. In particular, we did not find any evidence of behavior that might undermine the conclusions of the IPCC assessments.” Russell is chair of the Judicial Appointments Board for Scotland and formerly was principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Glasgow, in Scotland.

Showstack, Randy

2010-07-01

47

AstroAsciiData: Table Handling in Python  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tabulated character strings and numbers in text files are one of the most widespread data exchange format in astronomy and science in general. Presented here is version 1.0 of the Python module AstroAsciiData. This module is a lightweight framework that provides convenient access to table data and supports the common chore of writing scripts to read, manipulate and write the

J. Haase; M. Kümmel

2007-01-01

48

AstroAsciiData: Table Handling in Python  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tabulated character strings and numbers in text files are one of the most widespread data exchange format in astronomy and science in general. Presented here is version 1.0 of the Python module AstroAsciiData. This module is a lightweight framework that provides convenient access to table data and supports the common chore of writing scripts to read, manipulate and write the data. Well-formed tables are automatically parsed and transformed into objects, which allows a very convenient and intuitive data manipulation. Version 1.0 of the AstroAsciiData module uses metadata stored in the header of the ubiquitous SExtractor output catalogues and provides transformations to other data formats such as FITS or HTML.

Haase, J.; Kümmel, M.

2007-10-01

49

16 CFR 1130.7 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail registration.  

...2014-01-01 false Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...PRODUCTS § 1130.7 Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...registration page. The manufacturer's Web site, or other Web site established...

2014-01-01

50

SEGY to ASCII: Conversion and Plotting Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report documents a computer program to convert standard 4 byte, IBM floating point SEGY files to ASCII xyz format. The program then optionally plots the seismic data using the GMT plotting package. The material for this publication is contained in a standard tar file (of99-126.tar) that is uncompressed and 726 K in size. It can be downloaded by any Unix machine. Move the tar file to the directory you wish to use it in, then type 'tar xvf of99-126.tar' The archive files (and diskette) contain a NOTE file, a README file, a version-history file, source code, a makefile for easy compilation, and an ASCII version of the documentation. The archive files (and diskette) also contain example test files, including a typical SEGY file along with the resulting ASCII xyz and postscript files. Requirements for compiling the source code into an executable are a C++ compiler. The program has been successfully compiled using Gnu's g++ version 2.8.1, and use of other compilers may require modifications to the existing source code. The g++ compiler is a free, high quality C++ compiler and may be downloaded from the ftp site: ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu Requirements for plotting the seismic data is the existence of the GMT plotting package. The GMT plotting package may be downloaded from the web site: http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/gmt/

Goldman, Mark R.

1999-01-01

51

Business Education Leaders Compare E-mail and Regular Mail Survey Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business education leaders (n=128) received e-mail surveys; 34 returned them via e-mail, 13 by postal mail, 12 were blank and unusable; another group of 128 received mailed surveys with 73 returned. E-mail response took an average of 12.5 days, postal response 24.2 days. E-mail respondents completed 20.9 of 35 questions, the postal group 19.4 of…

Truell, Allen D.; Goss, Perry

2002-01-01

52

Development of a Standard E-Mail Methodology: Results of an Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Review of past e-mail surveys indicates that a methodology to achieve consistently high response rates similar to those that can be obtained by traditional mail has not been developed. Additionally, researchers have tended to use e-mail surveys only for populations with universal e-mail access. This study utilizes knowledge,from past mail survey research to develop an e-mail procedure. Further, an

David R. Schaefer; Don A. Dillman

1998-01-01

53

Teledentistry: Distant Diagnosis of Oral Disease Using E-Mails  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of telediagnosis in oral medicine, through the transmission of clinical digital images by e-mail. Subjects and Methods: The sample included 60 consecutive patients who sought oral medicine services at the Federal University of Paraná, in the state of Paraná, located in southern Brazil. The clinical history and oral lesion images were recorded using clinical electronic charts and a digital camera, respectively, and sent by e-mail to two oral medicine consultants. The consultants provided a maximum of two clinical hypotheses for each case, which were compared with biopsy results that served as the gold standard. Results: In 31 of the 60 cases (51.7%), both consultants made the correct diagnosis; in 17 cases (28.3%), only one consultant made the correct diagnosis; and in 12 cases (20%), neither consultant made the correct diagnosis. Therefore, in 80% of cases, at least one consultant provided the correct diagnosis. The agreement between the first consultant and the gold standard was substantial (?=0.669), and the agreement between the second consultant and the gold standard was fair (?=0.574). Conclusions: The use of information technology can increase the accuracy of consultations in oral medicine. As expected, the participation of two remote experts increased the possibility of correct diagnosis.

Morosini, Imara de Almeida Castro; Possebon, Renata Seleme; Giovanini, Allan Fernando; Bortoluzzi, Marcelo Carlos; Leao, Jair Carneiro; Piazzetta, Cleto Mariosvaldo

2013-01-01

54

Understanding the "Other Side": Intercultural learning in a Spanish-English E-Mail Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews recent research on intercultural learning and reports on a yearlong e-mail exchange between Spanish and English second year university students. Identifies key characteristics of e-mail exchanges that helped to develop learners' intercultural communicative competence. Outlines elements of e-mail messages that may enable students to develop…

O'Dowd, Robert

2003-01-01

55

Deaf and Hard of Hearing Americans' Instant Messaging and E-mail Use: A National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 884 adults with hearing impairments found they were using e-mail and instant messaging (IM) more than TTY and telecommunications relay services. Virtually all participants had e-mail and IM at home. While the vast majority also had and used e-mail at work, just 1 in 3 had IM. (Contains 2 references.) (Author/CR)

Bowe, Frank G.

2002-01-01

56

The Development of E-Mail Literacy: From Writing to Peers to Writing to Authority Figures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though e-mail has become a common interpersonal communication medium, it does not mean that this medium is used without difficulty. While people can write e-mails to peers in any manner they like, writing e-mails to authority figures requires higher pragmatic competence and critical language awareness of how discourse shapes and reflects power…

Chen, Chi-Fen Emily

2006-01-01

57

Comparing Response Rates in E-Mail and Paper Surveys: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analysis examined 35 study results within last 10 years that directly compared the response rates of e-mail versus mail surveys. Individual studies reported inconsistent findings concerning the response rate difference between e-mail and mail surveys, but e-mail surveys generally have lower response rate (about 20% lower on the average)…

Shih, Tse-Hua; Fan, Xitao

2009-01-01

58

Improving Instructor Response to Student E-Mails Using Template and Reminder Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student e-mails without the student's name, message, file attachment, and other identifying information may impede a timely and thorough instructor response. To help resolve this issue, we apply template and reminder interventions to improve student e-mail format defined as the degree of agreement between a student's e-mail format and an…

Elbeck, Matthew; Song, Minjung

2011-01-01

59

Students' Use of E-Mail in an Undergraduate Public Relations Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the use of e-mail between the students in an introductory public relations class and their instructor. E-mail use was parallel to the use of face-to-face communication, with students reporting that they used office time and e-mail primarily to ask questions about quizzes, tests, and assignments. Older students and students further…

Kelleher, Tom; Dodd, Julie E.

60

An Analysis of the Determinants of Student E-Mail Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 577 economics students showed that most viewed e-mail as a viable substitute for faculty contact. E-mail does not significantly increase student/faculty interaction; it changes its form. Existence of a course Web site and prior Internet experience increased e-mail use. (SK)

Haworth, Barry

1999-01-01

61

Putting Out the Flames: The Etiquette and Law of E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a summary of guidelines for the use of electronic mail (e-mail) and examines legal issues and existing law governing electronic communication. The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 is discussed, lawsuits involving e-mail are described, and the future of e-mail privacy is considered. (11 references) (LRW)

Goode, Joanne; Johnson, Maggie

1991-01-01

62

Documentation for ASCII Text Data Files - SEER Datasets  

Cancer.gov

SEER is an authoratitive source of information on cancer incidence and survival in the United States. SEER currently collects and publishes cancer incidence and survival data from population-based cancer registries covering approximately 28 percent of the U.S. population.

63

A Detection Method of FAQ Matching Inquiry E-mails by Automatic Generation of Characteristic Word Groups from Past Inquiry E-mails  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses how to detect the inquiry e-mails corresponding to pre-defined FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions). Web-based interactions such as order and registration form on a Web page are usually provided with their FAQ pages for helping a user. However, most users submit their inquiry e-mails without checking such pages. This causes a help desk operator to process lots of e-mails even if some contents match FAQs. Automatic detecting of such e-mails is proposed based on SVM (Support Vector Machine) and specific Jaccard coefficient based on positive and negative already-received inquiry e-mails. Experimental results show its effectiveness, and we also discuss future work to improve our method.

Sakumichi, Yuki; Akiyoshi, Masanori; Samejima, Masaki; Oka, Hironori

64

Secure E-mailing Between Physicians and Patients: Transformational Change in Ambulatory Care.  

PubMed

Secure e-mailing between Kaiser Permanente physicians and patients is widespread; primary care providers receive an average of 5 e-mails from patients each workday. However, on average, secure e-mailing with patients has not substantially impacted primary care provider workloads. Secure e-mail has been associated with increased member retention and improved quality of care. Separate studies associated patient portal and secure e-mail use with both decreased and increased use of other health care services, such as office visits, telephone encounters, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations. Directions for future research include more granular analysis of associations between patient-physician secure e-mail and health care utilization. PMID:24887522

Garrido, Terhilda; Meng, Di; Wang, Jian J; Palen, Ted E; Kanter, Michael H

2014-01-01

65

Response Rates for Mixed-Mode Surveys Using Mail and E-Mail/Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines response rates for mixed-mode survey implementation involving mail and e-mail/Web components. Using Dillman's Tailored Design Method, 1,500 participants were sent a survey either (a) via mail with a follow-up contact via e-mail that directed them to a Web-based questionnaire or (b) via e-mail that directed them to a Web-based…

Converse, Patrick D.; Wolfe, Edward W.; Huang, Xiaoting; Oswald, Frederick L.

2008-01-01

66

Secure E-Mail Communication across Company Boundaries Experiences and Architectures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The important role of e-mail in business communication demands a protection of the transmitted information, not only within one company, but in particular across company borders. E-mail encryption using digital certificates provides means to fulfill this demand. The article discusses the obstacles organizations are faced with during the set up and operation of e-mail encryption between companies. Based on the case study of Siemens, experiences made as well as organizational and infrastructural solutions are outlined.

Wichmann, Markus; von der Heidt, Guido; Hille, Carsten; Jacobson, Gunnar

67

Research of an E-mail forensic and analysis system based on visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, E-mail communication has been abused for numerous illegitimate purposes such as E-mail spamming, terrorist attack, business fraud, etc. As a result, to analysis the rich personal information hidden in E-mail is significant for investigation and evidence collection. In this paper, an investigation and analysis system aiming to Email was presented, which supports a variety of data sources including the

Fanlin Meng; Shunxiang Wu; Junbin Yang; Genzhen Yu

2009-01-01

68

A classification method for spam e-mail by Self-Organizing Map and automatically defined groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have some difficulties in E-mails as a communication tool, because the number of E-mails infected with virus and\\/or recognized as Spam increases. Some E-mail filter softwares removes such problematic ones. However, we may mett the misjudgements for the filtering the Spam E-mail, even if the E-mail is important and then we cannot receive it. In this paper, we propose

Takumi Ichimura; Akira Hara; Yoshiaki Kurosawa

2007-01-01

69

E-Mail Exchanges: Teaching Language, Culture, and Technology for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom electronic mail (e-mail) exchanges between University College of the Cariboo (British Columbia), University of Wisconsin, University of Northeastern Illinois, and Carleton University (Ontario) college preparatory English-as-a-Second-Language students demonstrate that e-mail can be effective in teaching intercultural awareness, can create…

Ruhe, Valeria

1998-01-01

70

Location Is Everything: The Use and Marketing of Reference E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reference e-mail continues to be a vital reference service. This article studies the trends in reference e-mail use over an eight year period. Usage statistics are analyzed particularly in light of the marketing of the service via changes in the location of the service on the official university libraries' Web pages. Included are recommendations…

Collins, Susan L.

2006-01-01

71

MedlinePlus E-mail Updates | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... this page please turn Javascript on. MedlinePlus E-mail Updates Past Issues / Spring - Summer 2010 Table of ... health and medicine? Sign up for MedlinePlus e-mail updates, and you'll receive alerts whenever new ...

72

Communication Topics and Strategies in E-Mail Consultation: Comparison between American and International University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On today's "wired" college campuses, students avail themselves in increasing numbers of electronic channels, most notably e-mail, as a means to consult with their professors. While some research has investigated the purposes for which university students communicate with their instructors via e-mail, little research has examined differences in…

Biesenbach-Lucas, Sigrun

2005-01-01

73

Ceci n'est pas un Objet? Talking about Objects in E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how e-mail users have evolved new forms of electronic deictic references to refer to work objects and offers design suggestions for future electronic mail software. Highlights include a study of e-mail work conversations; and changing the way we talk by transforming the conversation itself into an object of conversation. (Author/LRW)

Ducheneaut, Nicolas; Bellotti, Victoria

2003-01-01

74

Chris Pierce and the Yankee Donut Company: An E-Mail-Based Management Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors describe an e-mail-based simulation that helps students experience the fast-paced, complex world of the middle manager. In this electronic in-basket exercise, students assume the role of a district manager in a doughnut company as they respond to a rapid series of high- and low-priority e-mails ostensibly sent from…

Greenberg, Danna N.; Rollag, Keith

2005-01-01

75

One Good Turn Deserves Another: Sustaining an Intercultural E-Mail Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructors rely on asynchronous exchanges to provide learners with authentic input and opportunities to communicate in the TL. While most practitioners recognize the advantages of e-mail exchanges, learner benefits are not an automatic byproduct of participation in an exchange. This paper presents findings from an e-mail exchange carried out…

Schueller, Jeanne

2007-01-01

76

Outcomes of an Intercultural E-Mail Based University Discussion Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the development of intercultural awareness in an electronic mail (e-mail) discussion project between Hungarian learners of English and American speakers. Students discussed topics relating to cultures, languages, and pedagogical issues. The e-mails were analyzed in terms of language skill improvement, apprehensiveness…

Furcsa, Laura

2009-01-01

77

"My Heart Want to Say Something": Exploring ELL Vocabulary Use through E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on one high school English-language-learner's (ELL) breadth and depth of vocabulary as he communicated with his teacher through e-mail across geographic boundaries for over 18 months. Design/methodology/approach: The authors began by separating 358 e-mails into three time periods (first beginning,…

Hwang, Sung-on; Piazza, Carolyn L.; Pierce, Michael J.; Bryce, Sara M.

2011-01-01

78

Alumni Relationships in the Electronic Age: An Assessment of a Permission Based E-Mail Campaign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-mail is seen as an inexpensive, fast way to communicate with university constituencies, especially alumni. The next logical stage for the use of this Internet technology is the development and evaluation of permission based e-mail (PBE) campaigns. In this paper, we directly examine recipient evaluation of PBE in the context of a university…

Moore, Robert S.; McLaughlin, Caragh E.

2007-01-01

79

Reducing the Damage Done by E-Mail in Our Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-mail is a tool that can vastly increase the efficiency and productivity of school leaders. It can enable them to better orchestrate school operations and so improve student learning. But administrators must remain wary of the effect that extensive e-mail communication can have on the school community, and they need to work to promote a healthy…

Glendinning, Matt

2007-01-01

80

An IT Manager's View on E-Mail and Internet Policies and Procedures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-mail is mandatory tool of communications any business to survive in the 21st century. It is imperative that Information technology (IT) managers monitor and make sure that the e-mail systems are used properly. In order to organize a systematic process for proper use of email an administrator must have an input into the development of appropriate…

Desai, Mayur S.; Hart, Jeff; Richards, Thomas C.

2009-01-01

81

Social Work Practice in the Digital Age: Therapeutic E-Mail as a Direct Practice Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author addresses the risks and benefits of incorporating therapeutic e-mail communication into clinical social work practice. Consumer demand for online clinical services is growing faster than the professional response. E-mail, when used as an adjunct to traditional meetings with clients, offers distinct advantages and risks. Benefits include…

Mattison, Marian

2012-01-01

82

The Most Preferred Free E-mail Service Used by Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the most preferred free web based e-mail used by students in the technology departments of the Near East University (Departments CIS, CEIT and COM.ENG), and also to find out which technical characteristics affect the participants when making a decision for the choice of an e-mail service. The volunteer…

Cavus, Nadire; Bicen, Huseyin

2009-01-01

83

The E's of E-Mail: Tips for Effective and Efficient Use in School Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clearly established procedures for sending, receiving, and responding to e-mail begin with planning and scheduling its use. Administrators should make appropriate choices of communication methods; use the address-book feature for individual and group e-mail addresses; use word-processing software to prepare lengthy documents and the attachment…

Logan, Joyce E.

1999-01-01

84

Districts Weigh Benefits and Drawbacks of Setting Up Student E-Mail Accounts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some school districts hoping to improve communication and student engagement in learning are taking a step many educators still view warily: providing students with their own e-mail accounts. However, making e-mail a regular part of students' school lives raises a host of concerns about inappropriate use. In addition, many teachers doubt that the…

Ash, Katie

2008-01-01

85

Do users tolerate errors from their assistant?: experiments with an E-mail classifier  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smartlook, an e-mail classifier assistant, helps users filing their e-mails into folders. For a given message, it predicts the six most likely folders for that message and provides shortcut buttons that facilitate filing into one of the predicted folders. In this paper, we report results from user tests that show that although Smartlook does not achieve 100% prediction accuracy, a

Jean-David Ruvini; Jean-Marc Gabriel

2002-01-01

86

Ars Dictaminis Perverted: The Personal Solicitation E-Mail as a Genre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phishing e-mails deceive individuals into giving out personal information which may then be utilized for identity theft. One particular type, the Personal Solicitation E-mail (PSE) mimics personal letters--modern perversions of "ars dictaminis" (the classical art of letter writing). In this article, I determine and discuss 19 appeals common to the…

Ross, Derek G.

2009-01-01

87

The Effect of E-Mail Debate as a Teaching Tool: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

D. P. Thompson (1987) pointed out that the e-mail network can help students work collaboratively, solve problems, and experience writing as communication in the real situation. This study examined the impact of e-mail debate on intercultural sensitivity, writing apprehension, and computer anxiety. Fifty-four students in two sections of a…

Chen, Guo-Ming

88

Discourse Strategies in Professional E-Mail Negotiation: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e-mail communication which covers a period of three months,…

Jensen, Astrid

2009-01-01

89

Development of an E-mail Application Seemit and its Utilization in an Information Literacy Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a simple e-mail application named Seemit which is designed for being used in information literacy courses. It has necessary and sufficient functionality of an e-mail application, and it has been developed for the purpose of learning basic operations and mechanisms of e-mail transfer easily. It is equipped with the function to automatically set the configuration of user's SMTP/POP servers and e-mail address, etc. The process of transferring e-mail via SMTP and POP can be demonstrated step by step showing actual messages passed during the client-server interaction. We have utilized Seemit in a university-wide information literacy course which holds about 1800 students.

Kita, Toshihiro; Miyazaki, Makoto; Nakano, Hiroshi; Sugitani, Kenichi; Akiyama, Hidenori

90

SEGY to ASCII Conversion and Plotting Program 2.0  

USGS Publications Warehouse

INTRODUCTION SEGY has long been a standard format for storing seismic data and header information. Almost every seismic processing package can read and write seismic data in SEGY format. In the data processing world, however, ASCII format is the 'universal' standard format. Very few general-purpose plotting or computation programs will accept data in SEGY format. The software presented in this report, referred to as SEGY to ASCII (SAC), converts seismic data written in SEGY format (Barry et al., 1975) to an ASCII data file, and then creates a postscript file of the seismic data using a general plotting package (GMT, Wessel and Smith, 1995). The resulting postscript file may be plotted by any standard postscript plotting program. There are two versions of SAC: one version for plotting a SEGY file that contains a single gather, such as a stacked CDP or migrated section, and a second version for plotting multiple gathers from a SEGY file containing more than one gather, such as a collection of shot gathers. Note that if a SEGY file has multiple gathers, then each gather must have the same number of traces per gather, and each trace must have the same sample interval and number of samples per trace. SAC will read several common standards of SEGY data, including SEGY files with sample values written in either IBM or IEEE floating-point format. In addition, utility programs are present to convert non-standard Seismic Unix (.sux) SEGY files and PASSCAL (.rsy) SEGY files to standard SEGY files. SAC allows complete user control over all plotting parameters including label size and font, tick mark intervals, trace scaling, and the inclusion of a title and descriptive text. SAC shell scripts create a postscript image of the seismic data in vector rather than bitmap format, using GMT's pswiggle command. Although this can produce a very large postscript file, the image quality is generally superior to that of a bitmap image, and commercial programs such as Adobe Illustrator? can manipulate the image more efficiently.

Goldman, Mark R.

2005-01-01

91

Measuring Information Glut: Applying Systems Thinking to the Problem of E-mail Overload.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As a result of the unregulated rise of superfluous interoffice e- mail, employees currently must wade through inboxes glutted with needless information to find the tidbits of valuable data actually needed to perform their jobs. This problem, also known as...

B. M. Kemmitz

2012-01-01

92

Performance Assessment of Internet E-Mail Over Degraded High-Frequency Radio Channels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The transmission of E-mail over high-frequency (HF) radio channels is experiencing widespread use in the Government and military communities. This ability is made possible trough the convergence of Internet and radio communication protocols, primarily by ...

C. Redding R. McLean

1998-01-01

93

Chat, E-Mail, Web, and Chat Room Slang and Acronyms  

MedlinePLUS

... and Acronyms Family Life Listen Chat, E-Mail, Web, and Chat Room Slang and Acronyms Article Body ... btw BeTWeen you and me ... chat room A web page where people gather using software that allows ...

94

The Use of Wireless E-Mail to Improve Healthcare Team Communication  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the impact of using wireless e-mail for clinical communication in an intensive care unit (ICU). Design The authors implemented push wireless e-mail over a GSM cellular network in a 26-bed ICU during a 6-month study period. Daytime ICU staff (intensivists, nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, clerical staff, and ICU leadership) used handheld devices (BlackBerry, Research in Motion, Waterloo, ON) without dedicated training. The authors recorded e-mail volume and used standard methods to develop a self-administered survey of ICU staff to measure wireless e-mail impact. Measurements The survey assessed perceived impact of wireless e-mail on communication, team relationships, staff satisfaction and patient care. Answers were recorded on a 7-point Likert scale; favorable responses were categorized as Likert responses 5, 6, and 7. Results Staff sent 5.2 (1.9) and received 8.9 (2.1) messages (mean [SD]) per day during 5 months of the 6-month study period; usage decreased after study completion. Most (106/125 [85%]) staff completed the questionnaire. The majority reported that wireless e-mail improved speed (92%) and reliability (92%) of communication, improved coordination of ICU team members (88%), reduced staff frustration (75%), and resulted in faster (90%) and safer (75%) patient care; Likert responses were significantly different from neutral (p < 0.001 for all). Staff infrequently (18%) reported negative effects on communication. There were no reports of radiofrequency interference with medical devices. Conclusions Interdisciplinary ICU staff perceived wireless e-mail to improve communication, team relationships, staff satisfaction, and patient care. Further research should address the impact of wireless e-mail on efficiency and timeliness of staff workflow and clinical outcomes.

O'Connor, Chris; Friedrich, Jan O.; Scales, Damon C.; Adhikari, Neill K.J.

2009-01-01

95

Monitoring Employee E-Mail And Internet Usage: Avoiding The Omniscient Electronic Sweatshops: Insights From Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been written about the widespread abusive practice of e-mail and Internet surveillance by employers in the American workplace. At present, U.S. employees in the private workplace have no constitutional, common law or statutory protection against abusive e-mail monitoring practices. In effect, American workers wave goodbye to their right to privacy as soon as they log onto their workplace

Michael Rustad; Sandra R Paulsson

2005-01-01

96

ELDERLY AMERICANS AND THE INTERNET: E-MAIL, TV NEWS, INFORMATION AND ENTERTAINMENT WEBSITES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Older Americans, like other groups, vary in their use of the Internet. The participants for this study—elderly computer users from a Midwestern mid-size sample—used e-mail and considered it the most important Internet function. It was common for them to use e-mail with family and friends on a regular, if not daily, basis. When this group of older people did surf

Michael L. Hilt; Jeremy H. Lipschultz

2004-01-01

97

Impact of Research-based Synopses Delivered as Daily E-mail: A Prospective Observational Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a prospective observational study to (1) determine usage and construct validity of a method to gauge the cognitive impact of information derived from daily e-mail, and (2) describe self-reported impacts of research-based synopses (InfoPOEMs) delivered as e-mail. Ratings of InfoPOEMs using an Impact assessment scale provided (a) data on usage of the impact assessment method, (b) reports of

ROLAND M. GRAD; PIERRE PLUYE; JAY MERCER; BERNARD MARLOW; MARIE-EVE BEAUCHAMP; MICHAEL SHULHA; JANIQUE JOHNSON-LAFLEUR; SHARON WOOD-DAUPHINEE

98

Test of the Behavioral Perspective Model in the Context of an E-Mail Marketing Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An e-mail marketing experiment based on the behavioral perspective model was conducted to investigate consumer choice. Conversion e-mails were sent to two groups from the same marketing database of registered consumers interested in children's books. The experiment was based on A-B-A-C-A and A-C-A-B-A withdrawal designs and consisted of…

Sigurdsson, Valdimar; Menon, R. G. Vishnu; Sigurdarson, Johannes Pall; Kristjansson, Jon Skafti; Foxall, Gordon R.

2013-01-01

99

Predicting Attitudes Toward Knowledge Sharing by E-Mail: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social influence factors in sharing knowledge by e-mail are important issues in developing and understanding successful knowledge management systems and human–computer interaction. This article investigates important factors in shaping attitudes toward knowledge sharing by e-mail, based on social influence theory and self-determination theory. An empirical test of the proposed model using an online survey was conducted with a sample of

Yujong Hwang

2011-01-01

100

“My heart want to say something”: exploring ELL vocabulary use through e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on one high school English-language-learner's (ELL) breadth and depth of vocabulary as he communicated with his teacher through e-mail across geographic boundaries for over 18 months. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors began by separating 358 e-mails into three time periods (first beginning, second middle, and third end) to calculate breadth using

Sung-on Hwang; Carolyn L. Piazza; Michael J. Pierce; Sara M. Bryce

2011-01-01

101

Bit-Parallel ASCII Code Artificial Numeric Keypad.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seven integrated circuits and a voltage regulator are combined with twelve reed relays to allow the ASCII encoded numerals 0 through 9 and characters ''.'' and R or S to momentarily close switches to an applications device, simulating keypad switch closur...

G. M. Hale

1981-01-01

102

The Messages They Send: E-Mail Use by Adolescents with and without a History of Specific Language Impairment (SLI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Contemporary adolescents use e-mail for a variety of purposes, including peer communication and education. Research into these uses has focused on typically developing individuals; much less is known about the use of e-mail by exceptional youth. Aims: The present study examined the structure and form of e-mail messages sent by…

Conti-Ramsden, Gina; Durkin, Kevin; Walker, Allan J.

2012-01-01

103

Exploring Students' Use of E-Mail for Out-of-Class Communication: Frequency, Satisfaction, and Learning Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors assessed students' use of e-mail for out-of-class communication (OCC) and its impact on satisfaction and learning self-efficacy. Findings showed that students and instructors use e-mail frequently for OCC, and frequency of use is positively associated with student satisfaction with e-mail as an OCC medium. Moreover, the content of…

Zhao, Q.; Ahn, S.; Meyers, R. A.; Timmerman, C. E.; Fonner, K. L.

2012-01-01

104

E-Mail Overload In Congress: Managing a Communications Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first in a series of Online Issue Briefs presented to congressional offices by the Congress Online Project, this report examines the email overload in Congress. The email flow to the House of Representatives, for instance, more than doubled between 1998 and 2000 and continues to increase by an average of one million messages per month. The report strongly recommends that Congressional offices automate their email systems, analyzing both the reasons and obstacles involved. This recommendation will no doubt encounter some opposition among voters as well as their representatives, who worry about a real or perceived decline in access to our elected officials. Users can read the full text of the report at the above URL. The Congress Online Project is "a joint research project of the Congressional Management Foundation and The George Washington University to study the use of Web sites and Internet technologies by U.S. congressional offices," and more information on the project is available at the main page.

2001-01-01

105

Electronic information exchange between NRC and licensees using Internet E-mail  

SciTech Connect

One of the goals established in the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Strategic Information Technology Plan was the development of high-performance computer networks that would allow users to have E-mail and document transfer capabilities with NRC staff, certain U.S. Department of Energy laboratories, and with outside users over the public Internet network. Subsequently, individual Internet E-mail accounts have been established for project managers in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation (NRR), which allow informal communications with licensees that have access to the Internet.

Roe, J.W.; Carpenter, C.E. Jr.

1994-12-31

106

Comparative Analysis of ASCII and XML Logging Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research compares XML and ASCII based event logging systems in terms of their storage and processing efficiency. XML has been an emerging technology, even for security. Therefore, it is researched as a logging system with the mitigation of its verbos...

E. Hanington

2010-01-01

107

Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) File Format Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Described is a format for writing ASCII data on a file to facilitate its transfer from one computer system to another. The TOAD format conforms to all ANSI FORTRAN 77 standards. There are two advantages in using the TOAD format. First, TOAD files are of t...

B. Bingel D. Hammond

1987-01-01

108

Data Mining Challenges for Electronic Safety: The Case of Fraudulent Intent Detection in E-Mails  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online criminals have adapted traditional snail mail and door-to-door fraudulent schemes into electronic form. In- creasingly, such schemes target an individual's personal e - mail, where they mingle among, and are masked by, hon- est communications. The targeting and conniving nature of these schemes are an infringement upon an individual's personal privacy, as well as a threat to personal safety.

Edoardo Airoldi; Bradley Malin

2004-01-01

109

Embedding E-Mail in Primary Schools: Developing a Tool for Collective Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflection is an important aspect of learning in groups. In collective moments of reflection, learners can share and compare their ideas with others, and by doing so can reach an articulated and personal understanding of a learning task and domain. In the research presented here, e-mail is examined as a means for reflection in the context of group…

de Vries, Bregje; van der Meig, Hans; Boersma, Kerst TH.; Pieters, Jules M.

2005-01-01

110

Cross-Cultural E-Mail: Providing Cultural Input for the Advanced Foreign Language Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cross-cultural e-mail exchange that provided students in the United States and Chile with an ongoing source of authentic cultural input from the target country. The exchange was organized between a class of U.S. college students of advanced Spanish conversation and composition and a class of Chilean university students of advanced…

Jogan, M. Karen; Heredia H., Ana; Aguilera M., Gladys

2001-01-01

111

Characteristics of health counselling in the workplace via e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to examine how health counselling via electronic mail (e-mail health counselling) was used in the workplace. The definition of health counselling employed in this study was 'any assistance to an individual seeking to solve any health problem'. A total of 2119 health counsellings conducted at a Japanese company's head office (700 employees) in 1997 and 1998

Sumiko Kurioka; Kimio Tarumi

2001-01-01

112

Communicative Devices Used by EFL Students in E-Mail Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the communication strategies used by students of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in electronic mail interactions with native speakers of English. Subjects were 22 university students in Taiwan paired with a like number of pre-service EFL teacher trainees in the United States. The discourse of 87 e-mail entries by the…

Liaw, Meei-Ling

113

E-Mail Dialogues with Third-Grade Writers: Redefining the Curricular-Interpersonal Balance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to portray children's writing as a medium for participation in social response to an audience, in a situation where children are active contributors to evolving written dialogues. Throughout this 2-year project, data were collected by compiling the e-mail correspondence between the adults (the researcher and five…

Britsch, Susan J.

114

E-mail as a "Contact Zone" for Teacher-Student Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights how positive and productive student-teacher relationships were developed and sustained using new communication technologies during a program aimed at developing technological literacies for groups of Indigenous middle-school students in Australia. Suggests that incidental e-mail communication between teacher and student provides a new…

Doherty, Catherine; Mayer, Diane

2003-01-01

115

Viral Marketing: A Study of E-Mail Spreading Behavior Across Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Businesses use viral marketing to build traffic and website awareness. Despite the fact that there are some successful examples, it is not clear how viral marketing works. This study examines the drivers of e-mail spreading behavior, such as message sources, message content, and network connection speed. Gender is used as a moderator in this study. After constructing an experimental design,

Hung-Chang Chiu; Monle Lee; Jin-Rung Chen

2008-01-01

116

E-Rate to Support Wireless E-Mail, Internet Calling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with federal E-rate program's support of school leaders' Blackberry habit. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has cleared the way to allow money from the $2.25 billion program of subsidies for school technology to apply to e-mail service for mobile, wireless devices, such as the BlackBerry, which are increasingly…

Trotter, Andrew

2006-01-01

117

Identification and Disidentification in Organizational Discourse: A Metaphor Analysis of E-Mail Communication at Enron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project is situated within the interpretive tradition in organizational communication research, focusing on organizational discourse. It goes further by bringing the discussion into the 21st century through examining how communication technology--specifically e-mail--plays a role in the linguistic practices that help create, maintain and…

Turnage, Anna K.

2010-01-01

118

Inexpensive E-mail Systems for LANs and Dial-up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet e-mail is becoming more accessible to K-12 teachers. Many colleges and universities will give accounts to teachers for the price of asking. Unfortunately, many of these university systems are hard to use and are usually not offered to K-12 students. Also, most schools do not have phone lines in classrooms. This paper discusses two systems…

Pfaffman, Jay

119

e-mail authentication system: a spam filtering for smart senders  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present time, the electronic mail is the most popular communication method of people around the world. However, the increasing of electronic mails is the beginning of a malevolent aftereffect e-mail. The transgressors have developed a set of codes that is the electronic bomb of the electronic mails passing through the communication line. As a result, various protection methods

Pattaraporn Klangpraphant; Pattarasinee Bhattarakosol

2009-01-01

120

A Grounded Theory Study of the Relationship between E-Mail and Burnout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study consisted of a qualitative investigation into the role of e-mail in work-related burnout among high technology employees working full time and on-site for Internet, hardware, and software companies. Method: Grounded theory methodology was used to provide a systemic approach in categorising, sorting, and analysing data…

Camargo, Marta Rocha

2008-01-01

121

Using AdaBoost and Decision Stumps to Identify Spam E-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

An existing spam e-mail filter using the Naive Bayes decision engine was retrofitted with one based on the AdaBoost algorithm, using confidence-based weak learners. A comparison of results between the two is presented, with respect to both speed and accuracy.

Tyrone Nicholas

2003-01-01

122

Language with Character: A Stratified Corpus Comparison of Individual Differences in E-Mail Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To what extent does the wording and syntactic form of people's writing reflect their personalities? Using a bottom-up stratified corpus comparison, rather than the top-down content analysis techniques that have been used before, we examine a corpus of e-mail messages elicited from individuals of known personality, as measured by the Eysenck…

Oberlander, Jon; Gill, Alastair J.

2006-01-01

123

Using viral e-mails to distribute tobacco control advertisements: an experimental investigation.  

PubMed

The authors' objective was to conduct a trial of viral e-mail marketing as a distribution method for tobacco control advertisements. University students (n = 200) in the state of Western Australia were randomly allocated to receive 1 of 2 e-mails with hyperlinks to tobacco control advertisements ("Toilet" and "Rubbish") emphasizing the disgusting nature of smoking. Recipients followed a hyperlink to a Web page playing Toilet or Rubbish on endless loop. Viewers were encouraged to forward the e-mail to their friends and invited to complete an online survey about the advertisement. Unique downloads for each advertisement were identified by internet provider (IP) location and tallied by date and geographical location to assess subsequent dissemination beyond the initial 200 students. There were 826 unique viewings of the advertisements averaging 26.9 viewings per day for the first fortnight, followed by a lower average of 4.1 hits per day for the next 3.5 months. IP addresses identified hits from 3 other Australian states and 7 other countries. Online surveys were completed by 103 respondents (12.5% of total hits) but included few smokers (n = 9). Significantly more respondents rated Toilet as "funny" compared with Rubbish (40% vs. 11%; p < .05), likely explaining why the former accounted for significantly more viewings than the latter (487 vs. 339; p < .001). There was a greater than fourfold return in dissemination for each initial e-mail sent but daily hits rapidly deteriorated over time. Entertainment appears to facilitate viral e-mails being forwarded onwards but only exceptionally compelling tobacco control materials are ever likely to become self-perpetuating. PMID:21432712

Carter, Owen B J; Donovan, Robert; Jalleh, Geoffrey

2011-08-01

124

Authorship Attribution in the E-mail Domain: A Study of the Effect of Size of Author Corpus and Topic on Accuracy of Identification.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We determined that it is possible to achieve authorship attribution in the e-mail domain when training on 'personal' e-mails and testing on 'work' e-mails and vice versa. These results are unique since they simulate two different e-mail addresses belongin...

K. Levy-Minzie

2011-01-01

125

File-Format Program For Transferable Output ASCII Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

TOAD utilities machine-independent and require minimal central memory. Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) file-format computer program facilitates transfer of data files from one computer installation to another. TOAD files preferred type and record length, easy to edit, read, and write on magnetic tape or transfer across communications networks. Applications programs write TOAD files directly and conform to all ANSI FORTRAN 77 standards.

Bingle, Bradford

1988-01-01

126

A Comparative Analysis of E-Mail and Face-to-Face Communication in an Educational Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic mail (e-mail) is an extremely important medium for Internet-based education. Due to its unique characteristics, there is reason to be concerned that students do not put appropriate care into writing messages that are sent via e-mail. This has significant implications for the effectiveness of online learning environments. This paper…

Lightfoot, Jay M.

2006-01-01

127

Internet/E-Mail Usage and Well-Being among 65-84 Year Olds in New Zealand: Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that significant groups of older people are using Internet/e-mail technology. Using data from a 2007 random sample of 1,680 New Zealanders aged 65-84, predictors of Internet/e-mail usage and the impact of usage on well-being were investigated. Gender, age, education, household composition, income, and work were significant…

Koopman-Boyden, Peggy G.; Reid, Sarah L.

2009-01-01

128

Responsiveness to a Prospective Student E-Mail Inquiry by Community Colleges in the Nine Mega-States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study investigated e-mail responsiveness by community colleges in the nine mega-states to an inquiry from a prospective student. Noel-Levitz (2006b) reported that prospective students want to receive an e-mail with information about an institution prior to applying for admission. Specifically, high school juniors and seniors want…

Shadinger, David A.

2014-01-01

129

Uses and Perceptions of E-Mail for Course-Related Communication between Business Faculty and Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological advancements have facilitated the learning process by offering faculty members and students better access to resources, while increasing the potential for more interaction and communication flexibility (Firmin & Miller, 2005). Among these technologies is electronic mail or e-mail. The uses and perceptions of e-mail between business…

Costello, Robert

2011-01-01

130

Predicted Outcome Value of E-Mail Communication: Factors that Foster Professional Relational Development between Students and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using predicted outcome value theory as a guide, this study investigated the link between e-mail correspondence as a form of computer mediated extra class communication and how it may shape students' desire to foster student-teacher relational development. The findings revealed that when students believe their teacher e-mails the class frequently,…

Young, Stacy; Kelsey, Dawn; Lancaster, Alexander

2011-01-01

131

Impact of research-based synopses delivered as daily e-mail: a prospective observational study.  

PubMed

We conducted a prospective observational study to (1) determine usage and construct validity of a method to gauge the cognitive impact of information derived from daily e-mail, and (2) describe self-reported impacts of research-based synopses (InfoPOEMs) delivered as e-mail. Ratings of InfoPOEMs using an Impact assessment scale provided (a) data on usage of the impact assessment method, (b) reports of impact by InfoPOEM and by doctor and (c) data for analysis of construct validity of the scale. PARTICIPANTS were family physicians or general practitioners who rated at least five InfoPOEMs delivered on e-mail. For each InfoPOEM rated, 0.1 continuing education credit was awarded by the College of Family Physicians of Canada. Use of the impact assessment scale linked to a daily InfoPOEM was sustained during the 150-day study period. 1,007 participants submitted 61,493 reports of 'cognitive impact' by rating on average 61 InfoPOEMs (range 5-111). 'I learned something new' was most frequently reported. 'I was frustrated as there was not enough information or nothing useful' was the most frequently reported negative type of impact. The proportion of reports of 'No Impact' varied substantially across individual InfoPOEMs. Impact patterns suggested an 8 or 9-factor solution. Our Impact assessment method facilitates knowledge transfer by promoting two-way exchange between providers of health information and family doctors. Providers of health information can use this method to better understand the impact of research-based synopses. Sustaining current practice and increasing knowledge about new developments in medicine are important outcomes arising from research-based synopses delivered as e-mail, in addition to practice change. PMID:18096905

Grad, Roland M; Pluye, Pierre; Mercer, Jay; Marlow, Bernard; Beauchamp, Marie-Eve; Shulha, Michael; Johnson-Lafleur, Janique; Wood-Dauphinee, Sharon

2008-01-01

132

Cut as a querying unit for WWW, Netnews, and e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a query framework for hypertextdata in general, and for WWW pages, Netnews articles,and e-mails in particular. In existing query toolsfor hypertext data, such as search engines for WWWor intelligent news\\/mail readers, data units in query aretypically individual nodes. In actual hypertext data,however, one topic is often described over a series of connectednodes, and therefore, the

Keishi Tajima; Yoshiaki Mizuuchi; Masatsugu Kitagawa; Katsumi Tanaka

1998-01-01

133

Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) file format description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Described is a format for writing ASCII data on a file to facilitate its transfer from one computer system to another. The TOAD format conforms to all ANSI FORTRAN 77 standards. There are two advantages in using the TOAD format. First, TOAD files are of the preferred type and record length to make them easy to edit, read from and write on magnetic tape, or transfer across communications networks. Secondly, application programs, using the TOAD format to write computational results, are more portable and the answer files easier to postprocess. TOAD utility software is listed in an appendix.

Bingel, Bradford; Hammond, Dana

1987-01-01

134

Support Vector Machine for Text Categorization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we studied the problem of classifying spam e-mail vs nonspam e-mail under the general frame work of text categorization. First we applied the regular support vector machine to this problem, and tuned up the parameters. We observed that the classification accuracy and generalization ability of the SVM classifier can be controlled, via the bounds, and the ratio

Donghui Wu; Vladimir N. Vapnik

1998-01-01

135

Case Report: Impact of Research-based Synopses Delivered as Daily E-mail: A Prospective Observational Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a prospective observational study to (1) determine usage and construct validity of a method to gauge the cognitive impact of information derived from daily e-mail, and (2) describe self-reported impacts of research-based synopses (InfoPOEMs) delivered as e-mail. Ratings of InfoPOEMs using an Impact assessment scale provided (a) data on usage of the impact assessment method, (b) reports of

Roland M. Grad; Pierre Pluye; Jay Mercer; Bernard Marlow; Marie-Eve Beauchamp; Michael Shulha; Janique Johnson-Lafleur; Sharon Wood-Dauphinee

2008-01-01

136

Unsolicited commercial e?mail, the internet and the first amendment: Another free speech showdown in cyberspace?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines and analyzes efforts to deal with unsolicited commercial e?mail or “spam.” Using the Central Hudson test for commercial speech as a benchmark, various legislative proposals to address the spam problem are categorized and evaluated. With legal and technical solutions at hand, the author argues that source?based, content restrictions on unsolicited commercial e?mail are potentially unconstitutional. The impact

Jan H. Samoriski

1999-01-01

137

A Poissonian explanation for heavy tails in e-mail communication  

PubMed Central

Patterns of deliberate human activity and behavior are of utmost importance in areas as diverse as disease spread, resource allocation, and emergency response. Because of its widespread availability and use, e-mail correspondence provides an attractive proxy for studying human activity. Recently, it was reported that the probability density for the inter-event time ? between consecutively sent e-mails decays asymptotically as ???, with ? ? 1. The slower-than-exponential decay of the inter-event time distribution suggests that deliberate human activity is inherently non-Poissonian. Here, we demonstrate that the approximate power-law scaling of the inter-event time distribution is a consequence of circadian and weekly cycles of human activity. We propose a cascading nonhomogeneous Poisson process that explicitly integrates these periodic patterns in activity with an individual's tendency to continue participating in an activity. Using standard statistical techniques, we show that our model is consistent with the empirical data. Our findings may also provide insight into the origins of heavy-tailed distributions in other complex systems.

Malmgren, R. Dean; Stouffer, Daniel B.; Motter, Adilson E.; Amaral, Luis A. N.

2008-01-01

138

In their own words? A terminological analysis of e-mail to a cancer information service.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To better understand the terms used by consumers to describe their health information needs and determine if this "consumer terminology"differs from those used by health care professionals. METHODS: Features and findings identified in 139 e-mail messages to the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute's Cancer Information and Referral Service were coded and matched against the 2001 Unified Medical Language System Metathesaurus. RESULTS:504 unique terms were identified. 185 (36%) were exact matches to concepts in the 2001 UMLS Metathesaurus (MTH). 179 (35%) were partial string matches; 119 (24%) were known synonyms for MTH concepts; and 2 (<1%) were lexical variants. Only 19,or 4% of the total terms, were not found to be present in the 2001 MT1H. CONCLUSION: 96% of the clinical findings and features mentioned in e-mail by correspondents who did not self-identify as healthcare professionals were described using terms from controlled healthcare terminologies. The notion of a paradigmatic "consumer" who uses a particular vocabulary specific to her "consumer" status may be ill-founded.

Smith, Catherine Arnott; Stavri, P. Zoe; Chapman, Wendy Webber

2002-01-01

139

The effectiveness of personalized e-mail newsletters and the role of personal characteristics.  

PubMed

Personalizing communication means creating persuasive messages that refer to aspects of a person's self. Although the use of personalization is increasing, research on its effectiveness is limited and the results are mixed. This study examined the persuasiveness of personalized e-mail newsletters in terms of increased attention, cognitive activity, evaluation, attitude, intention, and behavior by means of an experiment (n=109). Participants randomly received either a personalized or a generic newsletter advertising a sports center. Personalization triggered a more positive evaluation of the message; however, it did not influence the other effect variables. The effects were moderated by consumers' need for uniqueness, trust, and privacy concerns, suggesting that personalization is a good strategy to increase message evaluation only among individuals who have a high need for uniqueness. PMID:21790275

Maslowska, Ewa; Putte, Bas van den; Smit, Edith G

2011-12-01

140

Physician assessments of the value of therapeutic information delivered via e-mail  

PubMed Central

Abstract Problem addressed Although e-learning programs are popular and access to electronic knowledge resources has improved, raising awareness about updated therapeutic recommendations in practice continues to be a challenge. Objective of program To raise awareness about and document the use of therapeutic recommendations. Program description In 2010, family physicians evaluated e-Therapeutics (e-T) Highlights with a Web-based tool called the Information Assessment Method (IAM). The e-T Highlights consisted of information found in the primary care reference e-Therapeutics+. Each week, family physicians received an e-mail containing a link to 1 Highlight from a different chapter of e-Therapeutics+. Family physicians received continuing medical education credits for each Highlight they rated with the IAM. Of the 5346 participants, 85% of them were full-time or part-time practitioners. A total of 31 429 Highlights ratings were received in 2010 (median of 2 ratings per participant, range 1 to 49). Among participants who rated more than 2 Highlights, the median number of ratings was 7 (mean 11.9). The relevance of the information from individual Highlights varied widely; however, for 90% of the rated Highlights participants indicated total or partial relevance of the information for at least 1 patient. For 41% of rated Highlights, participants expected patient health benefits to result from implementing the recommendation, such as avoiding an unnecessary or inappropriate treatment, or a preventive intervention. Conclusion This continuing medical education program stimulated family physicians to rate therapeutic recommendations that were delivered weekly via e-mail. The process of rating e-T Highlights with the IAM raised awareness about treatment recommendations and documented self-reported use of this information in practice.

Grad, Roland; Pluye, Pierre; Repchinsky, Carol; Jovaisas, Barbara; Marlow, Bernard; Marques Ricarte, Ivan L.; Galvao, Maria Cristiane Barbosa; Shulha, Michael; de Gaspe Bonar, James

2014-01-01

141

Productivity, part 1: getting things done, using e-mail, scanners, reference managers, note-taking applications, and text expanders.  

PubMed

In an era of declining reimbursements and tightening of the job market, today's radiologists are forced to "make do with less." With the rollout of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly called "Obamacare," radiologists will be expected not only to interpret studies but to also take on many additional roles, adding a new layer of complexity to already demanding daily duties. These changes make it more important than ever to develop a personal workflow management system incorporating some of the most potent productivity tools. In this article, the authors discuss current productivity techniques and related software with the most potential to help radiologists keep up with the ever increasing demands on their time at the work place and help us lead more balanced lives. PMID:24656443

Lackey, Amanda E; Moshiri, Mariam; Pandey, Tarun; Lall, Chandana; Lalwani, Neeraj; Bhargava, Puneet

2014-05-01

142

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) Part Two: Message Header Extensions for Non-ASCII Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

Status of this Memo This RFC specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the \\

K. Moore

143

An experimental comparison of naive Bayesian and keyword-based anti-spam filtering with personal e-mail messages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing problem of unsolicited bulk e-mail, also\\u000a known as ``spam'', has generated a need for reliable\\u000a anti-spam e-mail filters. Filters of this type have so far\\u000a been based mostly on manually constructed keyword\\u000a patterns. An alternative approach has recently been\\u000a proposed, whereby a Naive Bayesian classifier is trained\\u000a automatically to detect spam messages. We test this\\u000a approach on a

Ion Androutsopoulos; John Koutsias; Konstantinos V. Chandrinos; Constantine D. Spyropoulos

2000-01-01

144

A Retrofit Network Intrusion Detection System for MODBUS RTU and ASCII Industrial Control Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

MODBUS RTU\\/ASCII Snort is software to retrofit serial based industrial control systems to add Snort intrusion detection and intrusion prevention capabilities. This article discusses the need for such a system by describing 4 classes of intrusion vulnerabilities (denial of service, command injection, response injection, and system reconnaissance) which can be exploited on MODBUS RTU\\/ASCII industrial control systems. The article provides

Thomas Morris; Rayford Vaughn; Yoginder Dandass

2012-01-01

145

A Simple E-Mail Mechanism To Enhance Reflection, Independence, and Communication in Young Researchers  

PubMed Central

Providing undergraduates with mentored research experiences is a critical component of contemporary undergraduate science education. Although the benefits of undergraduate research experiences are apparent, the methods for mentoring young scientists as they first begin navigating the research lab environment are reinvented in labs all over the world. Students come to research labs with varied skills, motivations, needs, and dispositions, placing each student and mentor in a unique relationship. How can we help students become aware of their own intellectual progress? How can we encourage our students to take initial steps toward independent investigation? When do we need to let setbacks happen? We have developed a simple mechanism to address these common problems. Each week, students in our labs answer a series of five questions by e-mail that improve lab communication and help students develop into mature scientists without taxing an instructor's already busy schedule. Our observations, experiences, and student feedback indicate that this approach is a useful mechanism to help faculty who mentor young scientists in the research lab.

Lom, Barbara

2006-01-01

146

Directly e-mailing authors of newly published papers encourages community curation  

PubMed Central

Much of the data within Model Organism Databases (MODs) comes from manual curation of the primary research literature. Given limited funding and an increasing density of published material, a significant challenge facing all MODs is how to efficiently and effectively prioritize the most relevant research papers for detailed curation. Here, we report recent improvements to the triaging process used by FlyBase. We describe an automated method to directly e-mail corresponding authors of new papers, requesting that they list the genes studied and indicate (‘flag’) the types of data described in the paper using an online tool. Based on the author-assigned flags, papers are then prioritized for detailed curation and channelled to appropriate curator teams for full data extraction. The overall response rate has been 44% and the flagging of data types by authors is sufficiently accurate for effective prioritization of papers. In summary, we have established a sustainable community curation program, with the result that FlyBase curators now spend less time triaging and can devote more effort to the specialized task of detailed data extraction. Database URL: http://flybase.org/

Bunt, Stephanie M.; Grumbling, Gary B.; Field, Helen I.; Marygold, Steven J.; Brown, Nicholas H.; Millburn, Gillian H.

2012-01-01

147

Directly e-mailing authors of newly published papers encourages community curation.  

PubMed

Much of the data within Model Organism Databases (MODs) comes from manual curation of the primary research literature. Given limited funding and an increasing density of published material, a significant challenge facing all MODs is how to efficiently and effectively prioritize the most relevant research papers for detailed curation. Here, we report recent improvements to the triaging process used by FlyBase. We describe an automated method to directly e-mail corresponding authors of new papers, requesting that they list the genes studied and indicate ('flag') the types of data described in the paper using an online tool. Based on the author-assigned flags, papers are then prioritized for detailed curation and channelled to appropriate curator teams for full data extraction. The overall response rate has been 44% and the flagging of data types by authors is sufficiently accurate for effective prioritization of papers. In summary, we have established a sustainable community curation program, with the result that FlyBase curators now spend less time triaging and can devote more effort to the specialized task of detailed data extraction. Database URL: http://flybase.org/ PMID:22554788

Bunt, Stephanie M; Grumbling, Gary B; Field, Helen I; Marygold, Steven J; Brown, Nicholas H; Millburn, Gillian H

2012-01-01

148

Learning to Filter Spam E-Mail: A Comparison of a Naive Bayesian and a Memory-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the performance of two machine learning algorithms in the context of anti- spam filtering. The increasing volume of unsolicited bulk e-mail (spam) has generated a need for reliable anti-spam filters. Filters of this type have so far been based mostly on keyword patterns that are constructed by hand and perform poorly. The Naive Bayesian classifier has recently been

Ion Androutsopoulos; Georgios Paliouras; Vangelis Karkaletsis; Georgios Sakkis; Constantine D. Spyropoulos; Panagiotis Stamatopoulos

2000-01-01

149

Efficacy of a Single Computer-Tailored E-Mail for Smoking Cessation: Results after 6 Months  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, few Internet-delivered smoking cessation interventions have been tested. This study tested the efficacy, understandability, credibility and personal relevance of an e-mail-delivered computer-tailored smoking cessation intervention. It included tailored action plan feedback, as recent studies have demonstrated the importance of planning in…

Poel, Fam Te; Bolman, Catherine; Reubsaet, Astrid; de Vries, Hein

2009-01-01

150

EFL Students' Vocabulary Learning in NS-NNS E-Mail Interactions: Do They Learn New Words by Imitation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated Japanese students' EFL vocabulary development through e-mail interactions with a native English speaker (NS), with primary focus on students' imitation of new words. According to sociocultural theory, learners can internalize new linguistic knowledge by imitating an expert's expressions to create his/her own…

Sasaki, Akihiko; Takeuchi, Osamu

2010-01-01

151

Analysis of E-Mail Produced by Middle School Students with Disabilities Using Accessible Interfaces: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this exploratory study was to investigate electronic communication as a potential method to enhance social communication in a range of students with disabilities. This study investigated the usability of an adapted e-mail interface, TeenMail, for 11 middle school students with significant learning and communication impairments who…

Sohlberg, McKay Moore; Todis, Bonnie; Fickas, Stephen; Ehlhardt, Laurie

2011-01-01

152

Making Meaning of Graduate Students' and Preservice Teachers' E-Mail Communication in a Community of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This inquiry examined graduate students' and preservice teachers' e-mail communication as they made decisions about supporting the instructional needs of children at-risk in a community of practice summer literacy camp. The correspondence gradually evolved from impersonal to interpersonal communication over a ten-week time span, and influenced the…

Richards, Janet C.; Bennett, Susan V.; Shea, Kim T.

2007-01-01

153

Paper Trail: An Angry Professor Uses a State Law to Get Colleagues' E-Mail Messages and Other Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Angry over the department's vote not to hire his wife, University of Georgia history of science professor Alexei Kojevnikov obtained access to professors' and administrators' e-mails and documents related to the hiring process and spousal hires. This article discusses the controversy from different perspectives, the state of Georgia's law that…

Fogg, Piper

2005-01-01

154

E-mail invitations to general practitioners were as effective as postal invitations and were more efficient. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

This study compared cost and effectiveness of recruiting general practitioners (GPs) to an online trial by e-mail compared with postal invitations. Use of e-mail did not improve recruitment, but it also did not adversely affect accrual. It was also logistically easier than mailing and lowered costs. Reminders using both methods resulted in a 4 percent increase in accrual.

155

A Classification Method of Inquiry E-mails for Describing FAQ with Automatic Setting Mechanism of Judgment Thresholds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the authors propose a classification method of inquiry e-mails for describing FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) and automatic setting mechanism of judgment thresholds. In this method, a dictionary used for classification of inquiries is generated and updated automatically by statistical information of characteristic words in clusters, and inquiries are classified correctly to each proper cluster by using the dictionary. Threshold values are automatically set by using statistical information.

Tsuda, Yuki; Akiyoshi, Masanori; Samejima, Masaki; Oka, Hironori

156

Text File Display Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

LOOK program permits user to examine text file in pseudorandom access manner. Program provides user with way of rapidly examining contents of ASCII text file. LOOK opens text file for input only and accesses it in blockwise fashion. Handles text formatting and displays text lines on screen. User moves forward or backward in file by any number of lines or blocks. Provides ability to "scroll" text at various speeds in forward or backward directions.

Vavrus, J. L.

1986-01-01

157

Patients Looking for Information on the Internet and Seeking Teleadvice Motivation, Expectations, and Misconceptions as Expressed in E-mails Sent to Physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To analyze the motivation, expectations, and misconceptions of patients seeking teleadvice or medi- cal information on the Internet. To explore the possible economics and problems of direct physician-to-patient teleadvice via electronic mails (e-mail). Design: Exploratory survey of 209 unsolicited e-mails mostly sent to physicians by individuals seeking teleadvice. Setting: University dermatology hospital with a major Web site on the

Gunther Eysenbach; Thomas L. Diepgen

1999-01-01

158

Is current UK management of oesophageal food bolus obstruction evidence based? An e-mail survey and literature review.  

PubMed

There is a great deal of variation in individual management of non-sharp oesophageal food bolus obstruction in the United Kingdom. An e-mail survey of consultants and specialist registrars in ENT was carried out to establish current UK practice. A review of the published literature was under-taken to establish whether current practice is evidence based. The majority of practitioners (95%) do not proceed immediately to rigid oesophagoscopy but use antispasmodic drugs (83%), most commonly hyoscine butylbromide (Buscopan) and diazepam, to try to induce spontaneous passage of the obstruction. There is currently no evidence in the published literature to support the use of these drugs. The use of Buscopan seems to have been encouraged by a misquoted reference in a prominent ENT textbook. Better evidence is needed to establish the best form of treatment for this relatively common problem. PMID:17333232

Price, T; Jones, S E M; Montgomery, P Q

2007-04-01

159

E-Mail and Word Processing in the ESL Classroom: How the Medium Affects the Message.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether electronic mail writing will improve academic writing abilities. Nonnative students in an intermediate pre-academic English-as-a-Second-Language course responded to writing prompts using electronic mail and word processing. Their writing was examined for differences in uses of cohesive features, length of text produced in each…

Biesenbach-Lucas, Sigrun; Weasenforth, Donald

2001-01-01

160

Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) gateway: Version 1.0 user's guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) Gateway, release 1.0 is described. This is a software tool for converting tabular data from one format into another via the TOAD format. This initial release of the Gateway allows free data interchange among the following file formats: TOAD; Standard Interface File (SIF); Program to Optimize Simulated Trajectories (POST) input; Comma Separated Value (TSV); and a general free-form file format. As required, additional formats can be accommodated quickly and easily.

Bingel, Bradford D.

1991-01-01

161

E-Mail Basics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers electronic mail basics, mail etiquette and tips, interesting World Wide Web sites, and how to do a Web search. Includes Web sites that offer beginner tutorials and a glossary of Internet terms. (JOW)

Cohen, Sacha

1996-01-01

162

E-Mail Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A secretary has "n" letters and "n" addressed envelopes. Instead of matching each letter with the corresponding envelope, she inserts the letters in a random manner. What are the chances that every letter will be in the wrong envelope? In this article, the author presents a solution to this problem and discusses possible ways of placing the…

Scott, Paul

2009-01-01

163

48 CFR 52.223-18 - Encouraging Contractor Policies To Ban Text Messaging While Driving.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...device, including for the purpose of short message service texting, e-mailing, instant messaging, obtaining navigational...outreach to employees about the safety risks associated with texting while driving. (d) Subcontracts. The Contractor...

2013-10-01

164

Foreign language learning using e-mail in a task-oriented perspective: Interuniversity experiments in communication and collaboration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From 1988 to 1990 several collaborative “cross-country” intermediate French classes at Harvard and Stanford became one class. Students combined their efforts and insights in the accomplishment of a semester-long task, in most cases the publication of a student newspaper or magazine, using the electronic mail (e-mail) network to contact each other, elaborate their plans, and bring their projects to successful conclusion. Additional experiments of a similar nature took place between Harvard and the University of Pittsburgh (in the spring of 1990) and between Stanford and the University of Pittsburgh during 1991 1993. This paper suggests that this type of task-oriented learning through distance-communication is applicable at many different course levels and has considerable merit as an approach to teaching and learning. The key phases of this task-based model are presented along with technological information regarding computers and networks, as a guide to colleagues interested in pursuing similar lines of experimental teaching. Also included are samples of student messages, with their varied and often highly colorful discourse features, which attest to the motivation of students and reveal the strong personal investment made by the participants as they join hands across the miles in a productive, communication-based enterprise. The language and learning styles generated by technology and computers fully deserve closer investigation by researchers and teaching practitioners alike. The authors summarize the experiments, discuss assessment, and present research issues, concluding that good pedagogy and quality technology must share a vision of what can be accomplished in this rapidly evolving educational work place.

Barson, John; Frommer, Judith; Schwartz, Michael

1993-12-01

165

Taiwan Ascii and Idl_save Data Archives (AIDA) for THEMIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

THEMIS (Time History of Events and their Macroscopic Interactions during Substorms) is a satellite mission that aims to determine where and how substorms are triggered. The space research team in Taiwan has been involved in data promotion and scientific research. Taiwan Ascii and Idl_save Data Archives (AIDA) for THEMIS is the main work of the data promotion. Taiwan AIDA is developed for those who are not familiar with the Interactive Data Language (IDL) data analysis and visualization software, and those who have some basic IDL concepts and techniques and want more flexibilities in reading and plotting the THEMIS data. Two kinds of data format are stored in Taiwan AIDA: one is ASCII format for most users and the other is IDL SAVE format for IDL users. The public can download THEMIS data in either format through the Taiwan AIDA web site, http://themis.ss.ncu.edu.tw/e_data_download.php. Taiwan AIDA provides (1) plasma data including number density, average temperature, and velocity of ions and electrons, (2) magnetic field data, and (3) state information including the position and velocity of five THEMIS probes. On the Taiwan AIDA web site there are two data-downloading options. The public can download a large amount of data for a particular instrument in the FTP equivalent option; the public can also download all the data for a particular date in the Data Search option.

Lee, B.; Hsieh, W.; Shue, J.; Angelopoulos, V.; Glassmeier, K. H.; McFadden, J. P.; Larson, D.

2008-12-01

166

Here’s My Phone Number, Don’t Call Me: Physician Accessibility in the Cell Phone and E-mail Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physician accessibility, for example how available a doctor should be by cell phone or e-mail is an important issue that is\\u000a not well understood. There can be large differences between the expectations of patients and the perspective of their providers.\\u000a The rationale for providing accessibility has historical roots and relates to the very basis of the physician–patient relationship\\u000a and the

Reuben K. M. Wong; Jane S. M. Tan; Douglas A. Drossman

2010-01-01

167

Don't LOL at virtual visits. Technology is allowing more doctors and patients to consult via e-mail, and insurance companies are reimbursing for it.  

PubMed

In today's "I-gotta-know-now" society, many patients turn to e-mail to contact doctors on matters, as opposed to waiting for an in-person office visit. Now, some insurers are actually reimbursing doctors for their electronic time, which is also known as a "virtual visit." Internist Paul Tang, left, doesn't consider the practice mainstream yet. "No one is reimbursing us," he says. PMID:17972489

Robeznieks, Andis

2007-10-15

168

Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) editor version 1.0 user's guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) editor is an interactive software tool for manipulating the contents of TOAD files. The TOAD editor is specifically designed to work with tabular data. Selected subsets of data may be displayed to the user's screen, sorted, exchanged, duplicated, removed, replaced, inserted, or transferred to and from external files. It also offers a number of useful features including on-line help, macros, a command history, an 'undo' option, variables, and a full compliment of mathematical functions and conversion factors. Written in ANSI FORTRAN 77 and completely self-contained, the TOAD editor is very portable and has already been installed on SUN, SGI/IRIS, and CONVEX hosts.

Bingel, Bradford D.; Shea, Anne L.; Hofler, Alicia S.

1991-01-01

169

Self-Help for Depression via E-mail: A Randomised Controlled Trial of Effects on Depression and Self-Help Behaviour  

PubMed Central

Background Self-help or self-management strategies are commonly used to deal with depression, but not all are thought to be helpful. A previous study found that sub-threshold depression symptoms were improved by an e-mail intervention that encouraged the use of evidence-based self-help strategies. Aim To investigate whether these e-mails were effective for adults with a range of depression symptomatology including major depression. Method The study was a parallel-group randomised controlled trial. Adult participants with any level of depressive symptoms were recruited over the internet from the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and the United States. Participants were randomised to receive a series of e-mails either promoting the use of evidence-based self-help strategies or containing depression information as a control. E-mails were sent automatically twice a week for six weeks. Depression symptoms were assessed with the self-rated Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-9). Results 1736 participants with a wide range of symptom severity were recruited and assigned to active (n?=?862) and control (n?=?874) groups. However, there was a significant attrition rate, with 66.9% lost to follow-up at post-intervention. Both groups showed large improvements in depression symptoms overall, with no significant difference in improvement at the end of the study (mean difference in improvement 0.35 points, 95% CI: ?0.57 to 1.28, d?=?0.11, 95% CI: ?0.06 to 0.27), although there was a small effect at the study mid-point. Results were similar for the sub-group of participants with major depression. The active group showed small to moderate improvements in self-help behaviour (d?=?0.40, 95% CI: 0.23 to 0.56). Conclusions These results suggest that the e-mails were able to increase participants’ use of evidence-based self-help, but that this did not improve depression more than an attention control. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01399502

Morgan, Amy J.; Jorm, Anthony F.; Mackinnon, Andrew J.

2013-01-01

170

An E-mail Delivered CBT for Sleep-Health Program for College Students: Effects on Sleep Quality and Depression Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: We examined the effects of a cognitive behavioral self-help program (Refresh) to improve sleep, on sleep quality and symptoms of depression among first-year college students. Methods: Students in one residence hall (n = 48) participated in Refresh and students in another residence hall (n = 53) participated in a program of equal length (Breathe) designed to improve mood and increase resilience to stress. Both programs were delivered by e-mail in 8 weekly PDF files. Of these, 19 Refresh program participants and 15 Breathe program participants reported poor sleep quality at baseline (scores ? 5 on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI]). Participants completed the PSQI and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) at baseline and post-intervention. Results: Among students with poor sleep (PSQI > 5) at baseline, participation in Refresh was associated with greater improvements in sleep quality and greater reduction in depressive symptoms than participation in Breathe. Among students with high sleep quality at baseline there was no difference in baseline to post-intervention changes in sleep (PSQI) or depressive symptom severity (CES-D). Conclusions: A cognitive behavioral sleep improvement program delivered by e-mail may be a cost effective way for students with poor sleep quality to improve their sleep and reduce depressive symptoms. An important remaining question is whether improving sleep will also reduce risk for future depression. Citation: Trockel M; Manber R; Chang V; Thurston A; Tailor CB. An e-mail delivered CBT for sleep-health program for college students: effects on sleep quality and depression symptoms. J Clin Sleep Med 2011;7(3):276-281.

Trockel, Mickey; Manber, Rachel; Chang, Vickie; Thurston, Alexandra; Tailor, Craig Barr

2011-01-01

171

Alcohol assessment & feedback by e-mail for university student hazardous and harmful drinkers: study protocol for the AMADEUS-2 randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Alcohol is responsible for a large and growing proportion of the global burden of disease, as well as being the cause of social problems. Brief interventions are one component of comprehensive policy measures necessary to reduce these harms. Brief interventions increasingly take advantage of the Internet to reach large numbers of high risk groups such as students. The research literature on the efficacy and effectiveness of online interventions is developing rapidly. Although many studies show benefits in the form of reduced consumption, other intervention studies show no effects, for reasons that are unclear. Sweden became the first country in the world to implement a national system in which all university students are offered a brief online intervention via an e-mail. Methods/Design This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to evaluate the effectiveness of this national system comprising a brief online intervention among university students who are hazardous and harmful drinkers. This study employs a conventional RCT design in which screening to determine eligibility precedes random allocation to immediate or delayed access to online intervention. The online intervention evaluated comprises three main components; assessment, normative feedback and advice on reducing drinking. Screening is confined to a single question in order to minimise assessment reactivity and to prevent contamination. Outcomes will be evaluated after 2 months, with total weekly alcohol consumption being the primary outcome measure. Invitations to participate are provided by e-mail to approximately 55,000 students in 9 Swedish universities. Discussion This RCT evaluates routine service provision in Swedish universities via a delay in offer of intervention to the control group. It evaluates effects in the key population for whom this intervention has been designed. Study findings will inform the further development of the national service provision. Trial registration ISRCTN02335307.

2013-01-01

172

Multilingual disaster information system: information delivery using graphic text for mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multilingual disaster information system (MLDI) has been developed to overcome the language barrier during times of natural disaster. MLDI is a web-based system that includes templates in nine languages so that translated texts can be made available immediately. Mobile phone e-mail with graphic text is a useful tool for delivering multilingual disaster information. The visibility of graphic text on

Satoshi Hasegawa; Kumi Sato; Shohei Matsunuma; Masaru Miyao; Kohei Okamoto

2005-01-01

173

Level of representation and semantic distance: Rating author personality from texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly our perception of others is based on short samples of written text, for example, in e-mail or chat rooms. In this paper we will examine the extent to which text co- occurrence techniques, such as LSA, HAL, and PMI-IR, can be successfully applied to human personality perception based on short written texts. In particular, we compare two approaches: The

Alastair J. Gill; LEAD-CNRS UMR; Robert M. French

2006-01-01

174

Multicode: A Truly Multilingual Approach to text Encoding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unicode was designed to extend ASCII for encoding text in different languages, but it still has several important drawbacks. Multicode addresses many of Unicode's drawbacks and should have considerable appeal to programmers who work with text in a variety of languages. Its future, however, depends on the computer industry's acceptance. Multicode can represent Unicode files because it reserves a character

Muhammad F. Mudawwar

1997-01-01

175

The BlackBerry Project: Capturing the Content of Adolescents' Text Messaging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an innovative method for capturing the content of adolescents' electronic communication on handheld devices: text messaging, e-mail, and instant messaging. In an ongoing longitudinal study, adolescents were provided with BlackBerry devices with service plans paid for by the investigators, and use of text messaging was…

Underwood, Marion K.; Rosen, Lisa H.; More, David; Ehrenreich, Samuel E.; Gentsch, Joanna K.

2012-01-01

176

TRMM Gridded Text Products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) has many products that contain instantaneous or gridded rain rates often among many other parameters. However, these products because of their completeness can often seem intimidating to users just desiring surface rain rates. For example one of the gridded monthly products contains well over 200 parameters. It is clear that if only rain rates are desired, this many parameters might prove intimidating. In addition, for many good reasons these products are archived and currently distributed in HDF format. This also can be an inhibiting factor in using TRMM rain rates. To provide a simple format and isolate just the rain rates from the many other parameters, the TRMM product created a series of gridded products in ASCII text format. This paper describes the various text rain rate products produced. It provides detailed information about parameters and how they are calculated. It also gives detailed format information. These products are used in a number of applications with the TRMM processing system. The products are produced from the swath instantaneous rain rates and contain information from the three major TRMM instruments: radar, radiometer, and combined. They are simple to use, human readable, and small for downloading.

Stocker, Erich Franz

2007-01-01

177

Semantic Pattern Tree Kernels for Short-Text Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kernel methods are widely used for document classification in diverse domains. Popular kernels such as bag-of-word kernels and tree kernels show satisfactory results in classifying documents such as articles, e-mails or web pages. However, they provide less satisfactory performances in classifying short-text documents since the short documents have insufficient feature space. In order to cope with the problem, this paper

Kwanho Kim; Beom-Suk Chung; Ye Rim Choi; Jonghun Park

2011-01-01

178

Text Structure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page defines and describes text structure, or how the information within a written text is organized. It explains the benefits of teaching students to identify and analyze text structures within text and describes an instructional sequence in which students read examples of different text structures and then write paragraphs that follow a specific text structure. The site includes definitions and examples of five common text structures, and graphic organizers that can be used with each type of text. Links to additional resources and research citations are included.

2012-01-01

179

Multibet 1.0: A Proposal for an ASCII Translation and a Set of Names for Extended IPA Notation, and Unibet 1.0: A Proposal for a Single-Character Translation of IPA for English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two articles propose two systems for American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) translations of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA): Multibet 1.0 and Unibet 1.0. Multibet 1.0 consists of a set of names and a set of ASCII translations for the letters and diacritics of the 1979 version of the "Principles of the International…

MacWhinney, Brian; Marengo, Kathy

1986-01-01

180

Text Mining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the state of research in text mining, focusing on newer developments. The intent is to describe the disparate investigations currently included under the term text mining and provide a cohesive structure for these efforts. A summary of research identifies key organizations responsible for pushing the development of text mining. A section…

Trybula, Walter J.

1999-01-01

181

Text Sets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents annotations of approximately 30 titles grouped in text sets. Defines a text set as five to ten books on a particular topic or theme. Discusses books on the following topics: living creatures; pirates; physical appearance; natural disasters; and the Irish potato famine. (SG)

Giorgis, Cyndi; Johnson, Nancy J.

2002-01-01

182

The Victorian Women Writers Project: The Library as a Creator and Publisher of Electronic Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Victorian Women Writers Project, a full-text poetry database created and published on the World Wide Web by Indiana University Libraries. Electronic formats such as graphical, character-based, and proprietary files are discussed, along with standards for formatting, including ASCII, HTML, and Text Encoding Initiatives. Decisions must…

Willett, Perry

1996-01-01

183

"I Liked It so Much I E-mailed Him and Told Him": Teaching "The Lesser Blessed" at the University of California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is just one story in the ongoing conversation of how to approach teaching indigenous literatures in colonial educational institutions. Through sharing her experiences in teaching Richard Van Camp's "The Lesser Blessed," the author hopes to reveal the power of this particular text and the way its effects on students who willingly engage…

Haladay, Jane

2007-01-01

184

Log ASCII Standard (LAS) Files for Geophysical (Gamma Ray) Wireline Well Logs and Their Application to Geologic Cross Section C-C' Through the Central Appalachian Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) regional geologic cross section C-C' (Ryder and others, 2008) displays key stratigraphic intervals in the central Appalachian basin. For this cross section, strata were correlated by using descriptions of well cuttings and gamma ray well log traces. This report summarizes the procedures used to convert gamma ray curves on paper well logs to the digital Log ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) Standard (LAS) format using the third-party software application Neuralog. The procedures could be used with other geophysical wireline logs also. The creation of digital LAS files from paper well logs by using Neuralog is very helpful, especially when dealing with older logs with limited or nonexistent digital data. The LAS files from the gamma ray logs of 11 wells used to construct cross section C-C' are included in this report. They may be downloaded from the index page as a single ZIP file.

Trippi, Michael H.; Crangle, Robert D., Jr.

2009-01-01

185

Publishing Your Own E-Mail Newsletter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The newest guide from Inc.com offers step-by-step instructions for publishing an email newsletter. This series of articles leads users through the process "from conceptualizing your newsletter to formatting it and delivering it to subscribers." Each of the articles also links to other articles from the Inc.com archives, thus creating an extensive manual for enewsletter creation. By the end of guide, users will have a clear understanding as to the steps they need to take in order to create a successful email newsletter.

186

Mixing E-mail with Babel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly large numbers of people communicate today via electronic means such as email or news forums. One of the basic properties of the current electronic communication means is the identification of the end-points. However, at times it is desirable or even critical to hide the identity and\\/or whereabouts of the end-points (e.g., human users) involved. This paper discusses the goals

Ceki Giilcij; Gene Tsudik

1996-01-01

187

E-mail on the Move  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PocketScience, Inc. was a member of the NASA Ames Technology Commercialization Center. Their PocketMail product is an email service that brings email capabilities to new hand-held devices. The PocketMail service uses technology originally developed at JPL. Through its involvement with the ATCC, PocketScience, Inc. was able to use this space probe communications technology and adapt it for advanced signal processing on Earth.

1999-01-01

188

Stalked by E-mail on Vacation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, the author describes the difficulties email has introduced to the academic world, from monopolizing faculty's down time to adding a new dimension to interpersonal problems. He discusses the "withdrawal" symptoms he felt when he decided to go without email during a family vacation, and his realization, upon examining the emails sent…

Bugeja, Michael

2006-01-01

189

Log ASCII Standard (LAS) Files for Geophysical Wireline Well Logs and Their Application to Geologic Cross Sections Through the Central Appalachian Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Introduction The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) uses geophysical wireline well logs for a variety of purposes, including stratigraphic correlation (Hettinger, 2001, Ryder, 2002), petroleum reservoir analyses (Nelson and Bird, 2005), aquifer studies (Balch, 1988), and synthetic seismic profiles (Kulander and Ryder, 2005). Commonly, well logs are easier to visualize, manipulate, and interpret when available in a digital format. In recent geologic cross sections E-E' and D-D', constructed through the central Appalachian basin (Ryder, Swezey, and others, in press; Ryder, Crangle, and others, in press), gamma ray well log traces and lithologic logs were used to correlate key stratigraphic intervals (Fig. 1). The stratigraphy and structure of the cross sections are illustrated through the use of graphical software applications (e.g., Adobe Illustrator). The gamma ray traces were digitized in Neuralog (proprietary software) from paper well logs and converted to a Log ASCII Standard (LAS) format. Once converted, the LAS files were transformed to images through an LAS-reader application (e.g., GeoGraphix Prizm) and then overlain in positions adjacent to well locations, used for stratigraphic control, on each cross section. This report summarizes the procedures used to convert paper logs to a digital LAS format using a third-party software application, Neuralog. Included in this report are LAS files for sixteen wells used in geologic cross section E-E' (Table 1) and thirteen wells used in geologic cross section D-D' (Table 2).

Crangle, Robert D., Jr.

2007-01-01

190

MISR Conversion to ASCII Routines  

... These routines are written in Exelis Visual Information Solutions IDL programming language. They can be run either with a licensed ... with IDL and is available from  Exelis Visual Information Solutions . The IDL VM software can be downloaded from this site or ordered ...

2013-04-01

191

Directed Activities Related to Text: Text Analysis and Text Reconstruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes Directed Activities Related to Text (DART), procedures that were developed and are used in the Reading for Learning Project at the University of Nottingham (England) to enhance learning from texts and that fall into two broad categories: (1) text analysis procedures, which require students to engage in some form of analysis of…

Davies, Florence; Greene, Terry

192

Text What?! What Is Text Rendering?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text rendering is a method of deconstructing text that allows students to make decisions regarding the importance of the text, select the portions that are most meaningful to them, and then share it with classmates--all without fear of being ridiculed. The research on students constructing meaning from text is clear. In order for knowledge to…

Davis-Haley, Rachel

2004-01-01

193

Automatic Text Processing for Spanish Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work focuses on some aspects of automatic text processing by using a metric named po defined in a working prototype WIB (Web Intelligent Browser). The word weighting generated by this metric is defined with morphosyntactic considerations and allows the categorization of text words in fuzzy clusters. This weighting could also be used as a model of the original text

M. D. L. De Luise; Mariana Soffer

2008-01-01

194

TRMM .25 deg x .25 deg Gridded Precipitation Text Product  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since the launch of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), the Precipitation Measurement Missions science team has endeavored to provide TRMM precipitation retrievals in a variety of formats that are more easily usable by the broad science community than the standard Hierarchical Data Format (HDF) in which TRMM data is produced and archived. At the request of users, the Precipitation Processing System (PPS) has developed a .25 x .25 gridded product in an easily used ASCII text format. The entire TRMM mission data has been made available in this format. The paper provides the details of this new precipitation product that is designated with the TRMM designator 3G68.25. The format is packaged into daily files. It provides hourly precipitation information from the TRMM microwave imager (TMI), precipitation radar (PR), and TMI/PR combined rain retrievals. A major advantage of this approach is the inclusion only of rain data, compression when a particular grid has no rain from the PR or combined, and its direct ASCII text format. For those interested only in rain retrievals and whether rain is convection or stratiform, these products provide a huge reduction in the data volume inherent in the standard TRMM products. This paper provides examples of the 3G68 data products and their uses. It also provides information about C tools that can be used to aggregate daily files into larger time samples. In addition, it describes the possibilities inherent in the spatial sampling which allows resampling into coarser spatial sampling. The paper concludes with information about downloading the gridded text data products.

Stocker, Erich; Kelley, Owen

2009-01-01

195

LOOK- A TEXT FILE DISPLAY PROGRAM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The LOOK program was developed to permit a user to examine a text file in a psuedo-random access manner. Many engineering and scientific programs generate large amounts of printed output. Often this output needs to be examined in only a few places. On mini-computers (like the DEC VAX) high-speed printers are usually at a premium. One alternative is to save the output in a text file and examine it with a text editor. The slowness of a text editor, the possibility of inadvertently changing the output, and other factors make this an unsatisfactory solution. The LOOK program provides the user with a means of rapidly examining the contents of an ASCII text file. LOOK's basis of operation is to open the text file for input only and then access it in a block-wise fashion. LOOK handles the text formatting and displays the text lines on the screen. The user can move forward or backward in the file by a given number of lines or blocks. LOOK also provides the ability to "scroll" the text at various speeds in the forward or backward directions. The user can perform a search for a string (or a combination of up to 10 strings) in a forward or backward direction. Also, user selected portions of text may be extracted and submitted to print or placed in a file. Additional features available to the LOOK user include: cancellation of an operation with a keystroke, user definable keys, switching mode of operation (e.g. 80/132 column), on-line help facility, trapping broadcast messages, and the ability to spawn a sub-process to carry out DCL functions without leaving LOOK. The LOOK program is written in FORTRAN 77 and MACRO ASSEMBLER for interactive execution and has been implemented on a DEC VAX computer using VAX/VMS with a central memory requirement of approximately 430K of 8 bit bytes. LOOK operation is terminal independent but will take advantage of the features of the DEC VT100 terminal if available. LOOK was developed in 1983.

Vavrus, J. L.

1994-01-01

196

Native Language Processing using Exegy Text Miner  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's New Architectures Testbed recently evaluated Exegy's Text Miner appliance to assess its applicability to high-performance, automated native language analysis. The evaluation was performed with support from the Computing Applications and Research Department in close collaboration with Global Security programs, and institutional activities in native language analysis. The Exegy Text Miner is a special-purpose device for detecting and flagging user-supplied patterns of characters, whether in streaming text or in collections of documents at very high rates. Patterns may consist of simple lists of words or complex expressions with sub-patterns linked by logical operators. These searches are accomplished through a combination of specialized hardware (i.e., one or more field-programmable gates arrays in addition to general-purpose processors) and proprietary software that exploits these individual components in an optimal manner (through parallelism and pipelining). For this application the Text Miner has performed accurately and reproducibly at high speeds approaching those documented by Exegy in its technical specifications. The Exegy Text Miner is primarily intended for the single-byte ASCII characters used in English, but at a technical level its capabilities are language-neutral and can be applied to multi-byte character sets such as those found in Arabic and Chinese. The system is used for searching databases or tracking streaming text with respect to one or more lexicons. In a real operational environment it is likely that data would need to be processed separately for each lexicon or search technique. However, the searches would be so fast that multiple passes should not be considered as a limitation a priori. Indeed, it is conceivable that large databases could be searched as often as necessary if new queries were deemed worthwhile. This project is concerned with evaluating the Exegy Text Miner installed in the New Architectures Testbed running under software version 2.0. The concrete goals of the evaluation were to test the speed and accuracy of the Exegy and explore ways that it could be employed in current or future text-processing projects at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). This study extended beyond this to evaluate its suitability for processing foreign language sources. The scope of this study was limited to the capabilities of the Exegy Text Miner in the file search mode and does not attempt simulating the streaming mode. Since the capabilities of the machine are invariant to the choice of input mode and since timing should not depend on this choice, it was felt that the added effort was not necessary for this restricted study.

Compton, J

2007-10-18

197

Untangling Text Data Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibilities for data mining from large text collections are virtually untapped. Text expresses a vast, rich range of information, but encodes this information in a form that is difficult to decipher automatically. Perhaps for this reason, there has been little work in text data mining to date, and most people who have talked about it have either conflated it

Marti A. Hearst

1999-01-01

198

Text chat in action  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synchronous text communication is becoming recognized as a valuable workplace communication medium yet some studies of group text chat indicate that its properties can lead to interactional incoherence. We consider this issue through a detailed analytic examination of text chat transcripts by showing how participants manage their interactions through considering multiple threads, turn taking and topic change. We reveal the

Jacki O'Neill; David Martin

2003-01-01

199

A Text Editor Design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A design for a text editor is developed and described so that it may easily be implemented without further development of the design. The editor avoids movement of text in memory by allowing the text to be stored non-contiguously. The editor provides comm...

J. M. Kai

1974-01-01

200

Full-Text Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of the literature on full-text databases provides information on search strategy, performance measurement, and the benefits and limitations of full text compared to bibliographic database searching. Various use studies and uses of full-text databases are also listed. (21 references) (LAE)

Siddiqui, Moid A.

1991-01-01

201

Evaluating Text Categorization I  

Microsoft Academic Search

While certain standard procedures are widely used for evalu- ating text retrieval systems and algorithms, the sarne is not true for text categorization. Omission of important data from reports is common and methods of measuring effectiveness vary widely. This )'ms m~de judging the relative merits of techniques for text categorization dif~.cult and has disguised important research is- sues. In this

David D. Lewis

1991-01-01

202

Oxford Text Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well-established Oxford Text Archive can now be accessed via its new web site, a redesign intended to improve navigation, functionality, and to utilize the SGML metadata available for all texts. Users can also now conduct full text searches. Founded in 1976 and based in the Humanities Computing Unit of Oxford University Computing Services, the Oxford Text Archive houses selected academic submissions for the purpose of preserving "high-quality electronic texts for research and teaching." Scholars and other interested users have access to more than 2500 resources in over 25 different languages. The OTA encourages new submissions of quality, scholarly electronic resources.

203

Persian Text Watermarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital watermarking applies to variety of media including image, video, audio and text. Because of the nature of digital\\u000a text, its watermarking methods are special. Moreover, these methods basically depend on the script used in the text. This\\u000a paper reviews application of digital watermarking to Farsi (Persian) and similar scripts (like Arabic, Urdu and Pashto) which\\u000a are substantially different from

Ali Asghar Khodami; Khashayar Yaghmaie

2006-01-01

204

TextImages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those persons who do their own website design will find TextImages most useful. Developed by Stefan Trost, this helpful tool allows users to integrate text written on images into their websites. Visitors can create single text images with this application, along with a wide range of pictures. Visitors also have the ability to precisely adjust the writing, design, format, style, colors, fonts, margins, and spacing as they see fit. The tool is particularly useful for those who want headings or other recurring text to look the same regardless of browser or available fonts. This version is compatible with Windows 7, XP, and Vista.

Trost, Stefan

2012-03-30

205

Text File Comparator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

File Comparator program IFCOMP, is text file comparator for IBM OS/VScompatable systems. IFCOMP accepts as input two text files and produces listing of differences in pseudo-update form. IFCOMP is very useful in monitoring changes made to software at the source code level.

Kotler, R. S.

1983-01-01

206

Editing Images of Text.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper describes Image EMACS, a text editor for binary document images which illustrates an alternative to the format conversion paradigm. The goal of Image EMACS is to allow images to text to be created and manipulated as if they were conventional tex...

S. C. Bagley G. E. Kopec

1992-01-01

207

Towards Text Knowledge Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a methodology for automating the maintenance of domain-specific taxonomies based on natural language text understanding. A given ontology is incrementally updated as new concepts are acquired from real-world texts. The acqui- sition process is centered around the linguistic and conceptual \\

Udo Hahn; Klemens Schnattinger

1998-01-01

208

Workbook-Text Combination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Science Work-A-Text" combines a text and workbook approach to studying/teaching grades 1-6 elementary science. Five major themes (living things; health/nutrition; planet earth; the universe; matter and energy) are covered at each grade level. Major focus of the series is on reading and content rather than process. (Author/SK)

Shaw, Eddie

1982-01-01

209

Internet Web Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Internet Web Text_ links users to information about Internet orientation, guides, reference materials, browsing and exploring tools, subject- and word-oriented searching tools, and information about connecting with people.

210

Parallel text search methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of recently proposed parallel text search methods to alternative available search strategies that use serial processing machines suggests parallel methods do not provide large-scale gains in either retrieval effectiveness or efficiency.

Gerard Salton; Chris Buckley

1988-01-01

211

Dialogue with a Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that literature instruction should enable readers to find the connections between their experience and the literary work. Explains how discussions can be guided to focus on students' reactions, perceptions, and associations with a text. (MM)

Probst, Robert E.

1988-01-01

212

Teaching Expository Text Structures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many students enter high school unskilled in the art of reading to learn from science textbooks. Even students who can read full-length novels often find science books difficult to read because students have relatively little practice with the various types of expository text structures used by such textbooks. In this article, the authors present an activity using a modified form of the sentence completion or "fill-in-the-blanks" worksheet that reinforces students' fluency with expository text structure and context.

Hernandez, Anita C.; Hosking, David; Montelongo, Jose'; Berber-Jimenez, Lola

2006-02-01

213

Text Exchange System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Text Exchange System (TES) exchanges and maintains organized textual information including source code, documentation, data, and listings. System consists of two computer programs and definition of format for information storage. Comprehensive program used to create, read, and maintain TES files. TES developed to meet three goals: First, easy and efficient exchange of programs and other textual data between similar and dissimilar computer systems via magnetic tape. Second, provide transportable management system for textual information. Third, provide common user interface, over wide variety of computing systems, for all activities associated with text exchange.

Snyder, W. V.; Hanson, R. J.

1986-01-01

214

Reflections of Older Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overseas teaching assignment in 1961 led one educator to visit St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin where he came upon an effigy of Richard Whately and realized that Whately had written a text used in many American universities. The educator especially recalled that Whately had said "Encourage your students." He also wrote that the audience…

Reid, Loren

215

Visualizing Informational Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visualizing is a reading comprehension strategy that can be applied to science-themed texts, according to this article from Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, a magazine that integrates literacy and science skills instruction. The author identifies six online resources that have activities, lesson plans, and more information.

Fries-Gaither, Jessica

2011-03-01

216

Polymorphous Perversity in Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here's the tricky part: If we teach ourselves and our students that texts are made to be broken apart, remixed, remade, do we lose the polymorphous perversity that brought us pleasure in the first place? Does the pleasure of transgression evaporate when the borders are opened?

Johnson-Eilola, Johndan

2012-01-01

217

Access methods for text  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares text retrieval methods intended for office systems. The operational requirements of the office environment are discussed, and retrieval methods from database systems and from information retrieval systems are examined. We classify these methods and examine the most interesting representatives of each class. Attempts to speed up retrieval with special purpose hardware are also presented, and issues such

Christos Faloutsos

1985-01-01

218

Evaluating Attitudes from Texts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper an example is given how the theory of knowledge graphs and the theory of social atoms can be used to evaluate the attitudes that actors have with respect to each other as far is evident from a text.

C. Hoede

1999-01-01

219

Text Steganography in chat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Invention of the Internet and its spread in the world changes various aspects of human life. In addition, Internet changed human relations. Chat is one of the new aspects which invented after the Internet and is welcomed by users, especially by young people. In chat rooms, people talk with each other using text messages. Because of the need for quick

M. Hassan Shirali-Shahreza

2007-01-01

220

Summarizing Expository Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article reviews the literature on students' developing skills in summarizing expository texts and describes strategies for evaluating students' expository summaries. Evaluation outcomes are presented for a professional development project aimed at helping teachers develop new techniques for teaching summarization. Methods: Strategies…

Westby, Carol; Culatta, Barbara; Lawrence, Barbara; Hall-Kenyon, Kendra

2010-01-01

221

STEM Careers Cursive Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief video from WPSU compares technologies from yesterday with today. Yesterday a middle school girl writes in cursive while today a girl the same age texts on her cell. The video suggests that science will bring us technologies of tomorrow.

Wpsu

2009-11-10

222

Health Information Text Characteristics  

PubMed Central

Millions of people search online for medical text, but these texts are often too complicated to understand. Readability evaluations are mostly based on surface metrics such as character or words counts and sentence syntax, but content is ignored. We compared four types of documents, easy and difficult WebMD documents, patient blogs, and patient educational material, for surface and content-based metrics. The documents differed significantly in reading grade levels and vocabulary used. WebMD pages with high readability also used terminology that was more consumer-friendly. Moreover, difficult documents are harder to understand due to their grammar and word choice and because they discuss more difficult topics. This indicates that we can simplify many documents by focusing on word choice in addition to sentence structure, however, for difficult documents this may be insufficient.

Leroy, Gondy; Eryilmaz, Evren; Laroya, Benjamin T.

2006-01-01

223

The Texting Principal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author was appointed principal of a large, urban comprehensive high school in spring 2008. One of the first things she had to figure out was how she would develop a connection with her students when there were so many of them--nearly 2,000--and only one of her. Texts may be exchanged more quickly than having a conversation over the phone,…

Kessler, Susan Stone

2009-01-01

224

Text2Quit: results from a pilot test of a personalized, interactive mobile health smoking cessation program.  

PubMed

Text messaging programs on mobile phones have shown some promise in helping people quit smoking. Text2Quit is an automated, personalized, and interactive mobile health program that sends text messages and e-mails timed around a participant's quit date over the course of 3 months. The text messages include pre- and post-quit educational messages, peer ex-smoker messages, medication reminders and relapse messages, and multiple opportunities for interaction. Study participants were university students (N = 23) enrolled in the Text2Quit program. Participants were surveyed at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks after enrollment. The majority of participants agreed that they liked the program at 2 and 4 weeks after enrollment (90.5% and 82.3%, respectively). Support for text messages was found to be moderate and higher than that of the e-mail and web components. Of participants, 75% reported reading most or all of the texts. On average, users made 11.8 responses to the texts over a 4-week period, although responses declined after the quit date. The interactive feature for tracking cigarettes was the most used interactive feature, followed by the craving trivia game. This pilot test provides some support for the Text2Quit program. A future iteration of the program will include additional tracking features in both the pre-quit and post-quit protocols and an easier entry into the not-quit protocol. Future studies are recommended that identify the value of the interactive and personalized features that characterize this program. PMID:22548598

Abroms, Lorien C; Ahuja, Meenakshi; Kodl, Yvonne; Thaweethai, Lalida; Sims, Justin; Winickoff, Jonathan P; Windsor, Richard A

2012-01-01

225

Scale-free topology of e-mail networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complex networks such as the World Wide Web or social networks often do not have an engineered architecture but instead are self-organized by the actions of a large number of individuals. From these local interactions nontrivial global phenomena can emerge as, for example, small-world proper- ties @1# or a scale-free distribution of the degree @2#. In small- world networks short

Holger Ebel; Lutz-Ingo Mielsch; Stefan Bornholdt

2002-01-01

226

E-Alerts: Energy. E-mail newsletter  

SciTech Connect

Contents: reserves; energy use, supply, and demand; electric power transmission; fuel conversion processes; policies, regulations and studies; electric power production; heating and cooling systems; fuels; engine studies (energy related); batteries and components; solar energy; miscellaneous energy conversion and storage; geothermal energy; selected studies in nuclear technology; environmental studies.

NONE

1999-04-01

227

E-Mail in Academia: Expectations, Use, and Instructional Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The popularity of and reliance on emergent computer-mediated communication technologies such as instant messaging, blogs, and social networks have arguably widened the generation gap between faculty and traditional undergraduate students. Marc Prensky defined this generational technology divide by coining the terms "digital natives" and "digital…

Weiss, Meredith; Hanson-Baldauf, Dana

2008-01-01

228

Personalized Filtering of Polymorphic E-mail Spam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Which of emails are spams depends on the recipient's interest, so it is desirable to filter spams based on his\\/her interest. We store the fingerprints (FPs) of k portions of each spam's content in our filter and examine the metrics for detecting the polymorphic spams devised with intent to thwart the detection. For a smaller size of the filter, we

Masaru Takesue

2009-01-01

229

Hardware Support for Hierarchical E-Mail Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet email system is a fundamental communication infrastructure that must be pro- tected from abuse (i.e., spam) and threats (i.e., malware attacks). Current client and server based solutions for filtering emails have not proven successful because content analysis is often limited by performance constraints. Also, the management of various filter rules has become unwieldy as end users struggle to

TILMAN WOLF; WEIBO GONG; RUSSELL TESSIER

230

E-Mail Lists: Selectivity Makes Lists Efficient.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that email lists have become a popular way for people with similar interests to communicate. Discusses the JEAHELP email list, a private, unmoderated list owned by Candace Perkins Bowen, a past president of the Journalism Education Association. Discuses things to think about before sending a message to an email distribution list. (RS)

Wilson, Bradley

2001-01-01

231

The Case Study: E-Mail From Socrates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Humans are storytelling animals that learn best when things are put into an experience or story. Teachers seem to think they can just lecture about the principles that they believe govern the world and the students will remember them. This is in spite of much evidence to the contrary. They ignore the fact that large numbers of their students fail or barely pass their courses using the techniques of lecturing. Students learn best on a need-to-know basis--when they are presented with a story that engages them. This articles provides insight on the case study method through a conversation in a chatroom with the philosopher "Socrates" and a college professor.

Herreid, Clyde F.

2006-07-01

232

E-Alerts: Material sciences. E-mail newsletter  

SciTech Connect

Contents contained here are: Ablative Materials and Ablation; Adhesives and Sealants; Carbon and Graphite; Ceramics, Refractories, and Glass; Coatings, Colorants, and Finishes; Composite Materials; Corrosion and Corrosion Inhibition; Elastomers; Fibers and Textiles; Iron and Iron Alloys; Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids; Materials Degradation and Fouling; Miscellaneous Materials; Nonferrous Metals and Alloys.

NONE

1999-04-01

233

Archiving Writers' Work in the Age of E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The job of literary archivist is changing as paper manuscripts yield to laptops, Blackberry's, and Facebook content, and digital preservation lets scholars learn more about authors' creative process than ever before. Personal computers and external storage devices have been around for more than a quarter-century, but only now, as the famous…

Kolowich, Steve

2009-01-01

234

Explaining the use of text-based communication media: an examination of three theories of media use.  

PubMed

The present study examined the factors associated with individuals' use of three different text-based communication media: e-mail, cell-phone texting, and Facebook Wall postings. Three theoretical perspectives, including media richness theory, uses and gratifications, and perceived network effects, were examined. Using data from a survey of college students (N=280), the study found that the theoretical constructs from these theories play different roles when applied to different technologies. The results suggest that a simultaneous consideration of technological attributes, users' motivations, and social circumstances in which users select and use the technology is useful for fully understanding the dynamics of the selection and the use of a given technology. PMID:22780995

Park, Namkee; Chung, Jae Eun; Lee, Seungyoon

2012-07-01

235

16 CFR 4.2 - Requirements as to form, and filing of documents other than correspondence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in ASCII format, WordPerfect, or Microsoft Word). Except as otherwise provided...in ASCII format, WordPerfect, or Microsoft Word). (2) The first page of the...in ASCII format, WordPerfect, or Microsoft Word) by e-mail, as the...

2009-01-01

236

SMS Text Messaging and Science Students: New Opportunities for Librarian Outreach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides a quantitative and qualitative analysis from an organic chemistry laboratory class of student's communication preferences for scheduling an appointment with a science librarian. The communication channels investigated include office hours, phone, e-mail, walk-in, and short message service (SMS). The data show that science students primarily use walk-ins, SMS, and e-mail as a means of communication. Students tend

Robert Tomaszewski

2011-01-01

237

Text databases: a survey of text models and systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text models focus on the manipulation of textual data. They describe texts by their structure, operations on the texts, and constraints on both structure and operations. In this article common characteristics of machine readable texts in general are outlined. Subsequently, ten text models are introduced. They are described in terms of the datatypes that they support, and the operations defined

Arjan Loeffen

1994-01-01

238

Automatic Text Decomposition and Structuring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text similarity measurements are used to determine relationships between natural-language texts and text excerpts. The resulting linked hypertext maps can be broken down into text segments and themes used to identify different text types and structures, leading to improved information access and utilization. Examples are provided for text

Salton, Gerard; And Others

1996-01-01

239

Text Particles Multiband Fusion for Robust Text Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Texts in images and videos usually carry important information for visual content understanding and retrieval. Two main restrictions exist in the state-of-the-art text detection algorithms: weak contrast and text-background variance. This paper presents a robust text detection method based on text parti- cles (TP) multi-band fusion to solve there problems. Firstly, text particles are generated by their local binary pattern

Pengfei Xu; Rongrong Ji; Hongxun Yao; Xiaoshuai Sun; Tianqiang Liu; Xianming Liu

2008-01-01

240

A Video Text Detection Method Based on Key Text Points  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper proposes a novel video text detection method based on the key text points. For text detection, the keyframes is\\u000a decomposed by wavelet transform. The key text points (KTPs) are determined by three resulting high-frequency subbands, and\\u000a merged by the morphological operations. The anti-texture-direction-projection method is proposed for text line localization\\u000a and verification. A fast text tracking scheme is

Zhi Li; Guizhong Liu; Xueming Qian; Chen Wang; Yana Ma; Yang Yang

2010-01-01

241

Text quality estimation in video  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Text quality can significantly affect the results of text detection and recognition in digital video. In this paper we address the problem of estimating text quality. The quality of text that appears in video is often much lower than that in document images, and can be degraded by factors such as low resolution, background variation, uneven lighting, motion of the text and camera, and in the case of scene text, projection from 3D. Features based on text resolution, background noise, contrast, illumination and texture are selected to describe the text quality, normalized and fed into a trained RBF network to estimate the text quality. The performance using different training schemes are compared.

Li, Huiping; Doermann, David S.

2001-12-01

242

Text Mining with Information Extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text mining concerns looking for patterns in unstructured text. The related task of Informa- tion Extraction (IE) is about locating specific items in natural-language documents. This paper presents a framework for text mining, called DISCOTEX (Discovery from Text EXtraction), using a learned information extraction system to transform text into more structured data which is then mined for interesting relationships. The

Raymond J. Mooney; Un Yong Nahm

2002-01-01

243

Guiding Students through Expository Text with Text Feature Walks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Text Feature Walk is a structure created and employed by the authors that guides students in the reading of text features in order to access prior knowledge, make connections, and set a purpose for reading expository text. Results from a pilot study are described in order to illustrate the benefits of using the Text Feature Walk over…

Kelley, Michelle J.; Clausen-Grace, Nicki

2010-01-01

244

Mining the Text: 34 Text Features that Can Ease or Obstruct Text Comprehension and Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents 34 characteristics of texts and tasks ("text features") that can make continuous (prose), noncontinuous (document), and quantitative texts easier or more difficult for adolescents and adults to comprehend and use. The text features were identified by examining the assessment tasks and associated texts in the national…

White, Sheida

2012-01-01

245

Flexible Text Display with Lector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lector, an X11 application for flexible text interaction, is described. Lector was originally devised as a simple, rapid formatter for the display of online text databases. It was then discovered that Lector exhibited useful capabilities for a wide range of text applications. The ways in which Lector distinguishes between content and tags in descriptively marked-up text and achieves flexible interaction

Darrell R. Raymond

1992-01-01

246

Text Complexity and the CCSS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is meant by text complexity is a measurement of how challenging a particular text is to read. There are a myriad of different ways of explaining what makes text challenging to read, from the sophistication of the vocabulary employed to the length of its sentences to even measurements of how the text as a whole coheres. Research shows that no…

Aspen Institute, 2012

2012-01-01

247

The Challenge of Challenging Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Common Core State Standards emphasize the value of teaching students to engage with complex text. But what exactly makes a text complex, and how can teachers help students develop their ability to learn from such texts? The authors of this article discuss five factors that determine text complexity: vocabulary, sentence structure, coherence,…

Shanahan, Timothy; Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy

2012-01-01

248

Text analysis devices, articles of manufacture, and text analysis methods  

SciTech Connect

Text analysis devices, articles of manufacture, and text analysis methods are described according to some aspects. In one aspect, a text analysis device includes processing circuitry configured to analyze initial text to generate a measurement basis usable in analysis of subsequent text, wherein the measurement basis comprises a plurality of measurement features from the initial text, a plurality of dimension anchors from the initial text and a plurality of associations of the measurement features with the dimension anchors, and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to access a viewpoint indicative of a perspective of interest of a user with respect to the analysis of the subsequent text, and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to use the viewpoint to generate the measurement basis.

Turner, Alan E; Hetzler, Elizabeth G; Nakamura, Grant C

2013-05-28

249

Systematic Characterizations of Text Similarity in Full Text Biomedical Publications  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundComputational methods have been used to find duplicate biomedical publications in MEDLINE. Full text articles are becoming increasingly available, yet the similarities among them have not been systematically studied. Here, we quantitatively investigated the full text similarity of biomedical publications in PubMed Central.Methodology\\/Principal Findings72,011 full text articles from PubMed Central (PMC) were parsed to generate three different datasets: full texts,

Zhaohui Sun; Mounir Errami; Tara Long; Chris Renard; Nishant Choradia; Harold Garner; Walter H. Curioso

2010-01-01

250

Supported eText: Assistive Technology through Text Transformations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain meaningful access to the curriculum, students with reading difficulties must overcome substantial barriers imposed by the printed materials they are asked to read. Technology can assist students to overcome these challenges by enabling a shift from printed text to electronic text. By electronic text it means textual material read using a…

Anderson-Inman, Lynne; Horney, Mark A.

2007-01-01

251

Prediction of Fault-Prone Software Modules Using a Generic Text Discriminator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a novel approach for detecting fault-prone modules using a spam filtering technique. Fault-prone module detection in source code is important for the assurance of software quality. Most previous fault-prone detection approaches have been based on using software metrics. Such approaches, however, have difficulties in collecting the metrics and constructing mathematical models based on the metrics. Because of the increase in the need for spam e-mail detection, the spam filtering technique has progressed as a convenient and effective technique for text mining. In our approach, fault-prone modules are detected in such a way that the source code modules are considered text files and are applied to the seam filter directly. To show the applicability of our approach, we conducted experimental applications using source code repositories of Java based open source developments. The result of experiments shows that our approach can correctly predict 78% of actual fault-prone modules as fault-prone.

Mizuno, Osamu; Kikuno, Tohru

252

Text editor on a chip  

SciTech Connect

The authors propose a processor which provides useful facilities for implementing text editing commands. The processor now being developed is a component of the general front-end editing system which parses the program text and processes the text. This processor attached to a conventional microcomputer system bus executes screen editing functions. Conventional text editing is a typical application of the microprocessors. But in this paper emphasis is given to the firmware and hardware processing of texts in order that the processor can be fabricated in a single VLSI chip. To increase the overall regularity and decrease the design cost, the basic instructions are text editing oriented with short basic cycles. 6 references.

Jung Wan Cho; Heung Kyu Lee

1983-01-01

253

Meaning Representation and Text Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

starts with a'world'state, represented by structures of an application program (e. g., an expert system) that has text generation needs and an impetus to produce a natu-ral language text. The output of generation is a natural language text. The generation process involves the tasks of a) delimiting the content of the eventual text, b) plano ning its structure, c) selecting

Christine Defrise; Sergei Nirenburg

1990-01-01

254

ParaText : scalable text analysis and visualization.  

SciTech Connect

Automated analysis of unstructured text documents (e.g., web pages, newswire articles, research publications, business reports) is a key capability for solving important problems in areas including decision making, risk assessment, social network analysis, intelligence analysis, scholarly research and others. However, as data sizes continue to grow in these areas, scalable processing, modeling, and semantic analysis of text collections becomes essential. In this paper, we present the ParaText text analysis engine, a distributed memory software framework for processing, modeling, and analyzing collections of unstructured text documents. Results on several document collections using hundreds of processors are presented to illustrate the exibility, extensibility, and scalability of the the entire process of text modeling from raw data ingestion to application analysis.

Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Stanton, Eric T.; Shead, Timothy M.

2010-07-01

255

Text Association Analysis and Ambiguity in Text Mining  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Text Mining is the process of analyzing a semantically rich document or set of documents to understand the content and meaning of the information they contain. The research in Text Mining will enhance human's ability to process massive quantities of information, and it has high commercial values. Firstly, the paper discusses the introduction of TM its definition and then gives an overview of the process of text mining and the applications. Up to now, not much research in text mining especially in concept/entity extraction has focused on the ambiguity problem. This paper addresses ambiguity issues in natural language texts, and presents a new technique for resolving ambiguity problem in extracting concept/entity from texts. In the end, it shows the importance of TM in knowledge discovery and highlights the up-coming challenges of document mining and the opportunities it offers.

Bhonde, S. B.; Paikrao, R. L.; Rahane, K. U.

2010-11-01

256

Science Learning Through Text: The Effect of Text Design and text Comprehension Skills on Conceptual Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how a traditional text design, compared to a conceptual change text design, supports readers with varying\\u000a text comprehension skills in learning photosynthesis. The study is theoretically motivated by the research on conceptual change\\u000a and text comprehension. Two hundred eleven-year-old participants were first given a conceptual understanding pre-test concerning\\u000a photosynthesis and two tests on text comprehension skills. In

Mirjamaija Mikkilä-Erdmann

257

Automatic Text Structuring and Summarization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of information retrieval techniques for automatic generation of semantic hypertext links focuses on automatic text summarization. Topics include World Wide Web links, text segmentation, and evaluation of text summarization by comparing automatically generated abstracts with manually prepared abstracts. (Author/LRW)

Salton, Gerard; And Others

1997-01-01

258

Translation and Text-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of translation is to enable an audience in a Target Language to understand a text/discourse which was ultimately not intended for them. The primary goal of text-analysis is to further the understanding of phenomena inside one language. There are several similarities between translation and text-analysis: both translation and…

Barbe, Katharina

259

Text Mining Infrastructure in R  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade text mining has become a widely used discipline utilizing sta- tistical and machine learning methods. We present the tm package which provides a framework for text mining applications within R. We give a survey on text mining facili- ties in R and explain how typical application tasks can be carried out using our framework. We present

Ingo Feinerer; Kurt Hornik; David Meyer

2008-01-01

260

Informational Text and the CCSS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What constitutes an informational text covers a broad swath of different types of texts. Biographies & memoirs, speeches, opinion pieces & argumentative essays, and historical, scientific or technical accounts of a non-narrative nature are all included in what the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) envisions as informational text. Also included…

Aspen Institute, 2012

2012-01-01

261

Slippery Texts and Evolving Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of "slippery texts" provides a useful descriptor for materials that mutate and evolve across different media. Eight adult gamers, encountering the slippery text "American McGee's Alice," demonstrate a variety of ways in which players attempt to manage their attention as they encounter a new text with many resonances. The range of their…

Mackey, Margaret

2007-01-01

262

Contextual Entropy and Text Categorization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a new approach to text categorization, our focus is in the amount of information (the entropy) in the text. The entropy is computed with the empirical distribution of words in the text. We provide the system with a manually segmented collection of documents in different categories. For each category a separate empirical distribution of words

Moises Garcia; Hugo Hidalgo; Edgar Chávez

2006-01-01

263

Text detection for video analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textual information brings important semantic clues in video content analysis. We describe a method for detection and representation of text in video segments. The method consists of seven steps: channel separation, image enhancement, edge detection, edge filtering, character detection, text box detection, and text line detection. Our results show that this method can be applied to English as well as

Lalitha Agnihotri; Nevenka Dimitrova

1999-01-01

264

Text Categorisation Using Document Profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper presents an extension of prior work by Michael D. Lee on psychologically plausible text categorisation. Our approach utilises Lee's model as a pre-processing filter to generate a dense representation for a given text document (a document profile) and passes that on to an arbitrary standard propositional learning algorithm. Similarly to standard feature selection for text classification, the

Maximilien Sauban; Bernhard Pfahringer

2003-01-01

265

ParaText : scalable text modeling and analysis.  

SciTech Connect

Automated processing, modeling, and analysis of unstructured text (news documents, web content, journal articles, etc.) is a key task in many data analysis and decision making applications. As data sizes grow, scalability is essential for deep analysis. In many cases, documents are modeled as term or feature vectors and latent semantic analysis (LSA) is used to model latent, or hidden, relationships between documents and terms appearing in those documents. LSA supplies conceptual organization and analysis of document collections by modeling high-dimension feature vectors in many fewer dimensions. While past work on the scalability of LSA modeling has focused on the SVD, the goal of our work is to investigate the use of distributed memory architectures for the entire text analysis process, from data ingestion to semantic modeling and analysis. ParaText is a set of software components for distributed processing, modeling, and analysis of unstructured text. The ParaText source code is available under a BSD license, as an integral part of the Titan toolkit. ParaText components are chained-together into data-parallel pipelines that are replicated across processes on distributed-memory architectures. Individual components can be replaced or rewired to explore different computational strategies and implement new functionality. ParaText functionality can be embedded in applications on any platform using the native C++ API, Python, or Java. The ParaText MPI Process provides a 'generic' text analysis pipeline in a command-line executable that can be used for many serial and parallel analysis tasks. ParaText can also be deployed as a web service accessible via a RESTful (HTTP) API. In the web service configuration, any client can access the functionality provided by ParaText using commodity protocols ... from standard web browsers to custom clients written in any language.

Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Stanton, Eric T.; Shead, Timothy M.

2010-06-01

266

Text Mining: Natural Language techniques and Text Mining applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the general framework of knowledge discovery, Data Mining techniques areusually dedicated to information extraction from structured databases. TextMining techniques, on the other hand, are dedicated to information extractionfrom unstructured textual data and Natural Language Processing (NLP)can then be seen as an interesting tool for the enhancement of informationextraction procedures. In this paper, we present two examples of Text Miningtasks,

Martin Rajman; Romaric Besançon

1997-01-01

267

Segmental intelligibility of four currently used text-to-speech synthesis methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study investigated the segmental intelligibility of four currently available text-to-speech (TTS) products under 0-dB and 5-dB signal-to-noise ratios. The products were IBM ViaVoice™ version 5.1, which uses formant coding, Festival version 1.4.2, a diphone-based LPC TTS product, AT&T Next-Gen™, a half-phone-based TTS product that uses harmonic-plus-noise method for synthesis, and FlexVoice™2, a hybrid TTS product that combines concatenative and formant coding techniques. Overall, concatenative techniques were more intelligible than formant or hybrid techniques, with formant coding slightly better at modeling vowels and concatenative techniques marginally better at synthesizing consonants. No TTS product was better at resisting noise interference than others, although all were more intelligible at 5 dB than at 0-dB SNR. The better TTS products in this study were, on the average, 22% less intelligible and had about 3 times more phoneme errors than human voice under comparable listening conditions. The hybrid TTS technology of FlexVoice had the lowest intelligibility and highest error rates. There were discernible patterns of errors for stops, fricatives, and nasals. Unrestricted TTS output-e-mail messages, news reports, and so on-under high noise conditions prevalent in automobiles, airports, etc. will likely challenge the listeners.

Venkatagiri, Horabail S.

2003-04-01

268

Segmental intelligibility of four currently used text-to-speech synthesis methods.  

PubMed

The study investigated the segmental intelligibility of four currently available text-to-speech (TTS) products under 0-dB and 5-dB signal-to-noise ratios. The products were IBM ViaVoice version 5.1, which uses formant coding, Festival version 1.4.2, a diphone-based LPC TTS product, AT&T Next-Gen, a half-phone-based TTS product that uses harmonic-plus-noise method for synthesis, and FlexVoice2, a hybrid TTS product that combines concatenative and formant coding techniques. Overall, concatenative techniques were more intelligible than formant or hybrid techniques, with formant coding slightly better at modeling vowels and concatenative techniques marginally better at synthesizing consonants. No TTS product was better at resisting noise interference than others, although all were more intelligible at 5 dB than at 0-dB SNR. The better TTS products in this study were, on the average, 22% less intelligible and had about 3 times more phoneme errors than human voice under comparable listening conditions. The hybrid TTS technology of FlexVoice had the lowest intelligibility and highest error rates. There were discernible patterns of errors for stops, fricatives, and nasals. Unrestricted TTS output--e-mail messages, news reports, and so on--under high noise conditions prevalent in automobiles, airports, etc. will likely challenge the listeners. PMID:12703720

Venkatagiri, Horabail S

2003-04-01

269

TextArc: An Alternate Way to View a Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Textarc is an unconventional tool that gives readers the opportunity to discover patterns and concepts in texts. Still in a developmental stage, the site offers readers the opportunity to utilize human visual processing by allowing intuition to help extract meaning from a text. By exposing every word at once, the eye is able to make connections and decipher meaning otherwise overlooked by normal reading, thereby exposing the essence of a text. The site currently has Hamlet available as a full textarc text, and is in the process of exposing more literary works. Not only of value for avid readers and literary critics, the site offers librarians and archivists new approaches to cataloguing. On the whole, this new and innovative creation is at a minimum intriguing, and the site is definitely worth a visit.

2002-01-01

270

Zum Uebersetzen fachlicher Texte (On the Translation of Technical Texts)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews a 1974 East German publication on translation of scientific literature from Russian to German. Considers terminology, different standard levels of translation in East Germany, and other matters related to translation. (Text is in German.) (DH)

Friederich, Wolf

1975-01-01

271

Rough Text Assisting Text Mining: Focus on Document Clustering Validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, the applications of rough set theory (RST) in text mining are discussed and a new concept named “Rough Text”\\u000a is presented along with some RST-based measures for the evaluation of decision systems. We will focus on the application of\\u000a such concept in clustering validity, specifically cluster labeling and multi-document summarization. The experimental studies\\u000a show that the proposed

Leticia Arco; Rafael Bello; Yailé Caballero; Rafael Falcón

272

Text mining for technology monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable part of scientific and technological knowledge is coded in writing. In this context, automated text categorization can be regarded as a promising tool particularly for patent data analysis. In a real-life example, we show that automated text categorization can closely resemble the time-consuming categorisation job of an expert. By comparing different algorithms we reveal systematic differences in their

Thorsten Teichert; Marc-Andre Mittermayer

2002-01-01

273

TES: A Text Extraction System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how TES, a text extraction system, is able to electronically retrieve a set of sentences from a document to form an indicative abstract. Discusses various text abstraction techniques and related work in the area, provides an overview of the TES system, and compares system results against manually produced abstracts. (LAM)

Goh, A.; Hui, S. C.

1996-01-01

274

Full Text Database Retrieval Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares results of searching full text of journal articles available on standard inverted file systems with searching of various parts of a document's surrogate. Relative recall and precision ratios for four search methods (full text, abstract, controlled vocabulary, bibliographic union) are reported. Search topics are appended. (14…

Tenopir, Carol

1985-01-01

275

Text, Topos, and Mental Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates how readers use predication for the interpretation of referents in text and to develop a coherent model of the events described in text. Illustrates how two types of predication (scalar copredication and antipredication) induce readers to disambiguate the referents of definite noun phrases in essentially the opposite way, with…

Jarvella, Robert J.; And Others

1995-01-01

276

Text detection in video frames  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present the state of the art for detecting text in images and video frames and propose an edge-based algorithm for artificial text detection in video frames. First, an edge map is created using the Canny edge detector. Then, morphological filtering is used, based on geometrical constraints, in order to connect the vertical edges and discard false

M. Anthimopoulos; B. Gatos; I. Pratikakis

277

Text Messaging During Simulated Driving  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This research aims to identify the impact of text messaging on simulated driving performance. Background: In the past decade, a number of on-road, epidemiological, and simulator-based studies reported the negative impact of talking on a cell phone on driving behavior. However, the impact of text messaging on simulated driving performance is still not fully understood. Method: Forty participants engaged

Frank A. Drews; Hina Yazdani; Celeste N. Godfrey; Joel M. Cooper; David L. Strayer

2009-01-01

278

Text mining for systems biology.  

PubMed

Scientific communication in biomedicine is, by and large, still text based. Text mining technologies for the automated extraction of useful biomedical information from unstructured text that can be directly used for systems biology modelling have been substantially improved over the past few years. In this review, we underline the importance of named entity recognition and relationship extraction as fundamental approaches that are relevant to systems biology. Furthermore, we emphasize the role of publicly organized scientific benchmarking challenges that reflect the current status of text-mining technology and are important in moving the entire field forward. Given further interdisciplinary development of systems biology-orientated ontologies and training corpora, we expect a steadily increasing impact of text-mining technology on systems biology in the future. PMID:24070668

Fluck, Juliane; Hofmann-Apitius, Martin

2014-02-01

279

Why is Light Text Harder to Read Than Dark Text?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scharff and Ahumada (2002, 2003) measured text legibility for light text and dark text. For paragraph readability and letter identification, responses to light text were slower and less accurate for a given contrast. Was this polarity effect (1) an artifact of our apparatus, (2) a physiological difference in the separate pathways for positive and negative contrast or (3) the result of increased experience with dark text on light backgrounds? To rule out the apparatus-artifact hypothesis, all data were collected on one monitor. Its luminance was measured at all levels used, and the spatial effects of the monitor were reduced by pixel doubling and quadrupling (increasing the viewing distance to maintain constant angular size). Luminances of vertical and horizontal square-wave gratings were compared to assess display speed effects. They existed, even for 4-pixel-wide bars. Tests for polarity asymmetries in display speed were negative. Increased experience might develop full letter templates for dark text, while recognition of light letters is based on component features. Earlier, an observer ran all conditions at one polarity and then switched. If dark and light letters were intermixed, the observer might use component features on all trials and do worse on the dark letters, reducing the polarity effect. We varied polarity blocking (completely blocked, alternating smaller blocks, and intermixed blocks). Letter identification responses times showed polarity effects at all contrasts and display resolution levels. Observers were also more accurate with higher contrasts and more pixels per degree. Intermixed blocks increased the polarity effect by reducing performance on the light letters, but only if the randomized block occurred prior to the nonrandomized block. Perhaps observers tried to use poorly developed templates, or they did not work as hard on the more difficult items. The experience hypothesis and the physiological gain hypothesis remain viable explanations.

Scharff, Lauren V.; Ahumada, Albert J.

2005-01-01

280

Social Studies: Texts and Supplements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of selected social studies texts, series, and supplements, mainly for the secondary level, includes a special section examining eight titles on warfare and terrorism for grades 4-12. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

281

Discourse Analysis and Structuring Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the kinds of discourse analyses that are currently being undertaken, summarizes research findings, and makes suggestions based on these findings for structuring texts to be used for instructional or informational purposes. (Author/MER)

Pace, Ann Jaffe

1980-01-01

282

New Approach to Text Understanding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper first briefly describes the architecture of PLUM, BBN's text processing system, and then reports on some experiments evaluating the effectiveness of the design at the component level. Three features are unusual in PLUM's architecture: a domain ...

D. Ayuso H. Fox R. Ingria R. Weischedel S. Boisen

1992-01-01

283

Evaluation of Text Retrieval Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation is one of the main driving forces in studies and developments related to text retrieval. It is a basic tool for the comparison of efficiencies of alternative approaches. In this paper, the state of the art in the field of evaluation of text retrieval systems is surveyed. Two basic—system-oriented and user-oriented— paradigms, which are commonly accepted in this field,

I. E. Kuralenok; I. S. Nekrestyanov

2002-01-01

284

Text Mining in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks are rich in various kinds of contents such as text and multimedia. The ability to apply text mining algorithms effectively in the context of text data is critical for a wide variety of applications. Social networks require text mining algorithms for a wide variety of applications such as keyword search, classification, and clustering. While search and classification are well known applications for a wide variety of scenarios, social networks have a much richer structure both in terms of text and links. Much of the work in the area uses either purely the text content or purely the linkage structure. However, many recent algorithms use a combination of linkage and content information for mining purposes. In many cases, it turns out that the use of a combination of linkage and content information provides much more effective results than a system which is based purely on either of the two. This paper provides a survey of such algorithms, and the advantages observed by using such algorithms in different scenarios. We also present avenues for future research in this area.

Aggarwal, Charu C.; Wang, Haixun

285

Text Format, Text Comprehension, and Related Reader Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation explored relationships between format of text (electronic or print-based) and reading comprehension of adolescent readers. Also in question were potential influences on comprehension from related measures including academic placement of participants, gender, prior knowledge of the content, and overall reading ability. Influences…

Nichols, Jodi L.

2009-01-01

286

Text Classification using String Kernels  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a novel approach for categorizing text\\u000a documents based on the use of a special kernel. The kernel\\u000a is an inner product in the feature space generated by all\\u000a subsequences of length k. A subsequence is any ordered\\u000a sequence of k characters occurring in the text though not\\u000a necessarily contiguously. The subsequences are weighted by\\u000a an exponentially decaying factor

Huma Lodhi; Craig Saunders; John Shawe-Taylor; Nello Cristianini; Christopher J. C. H. Watkins

2002-01-01

287

Ontologies Improve Text Document Clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text document clustering plays an important role in pro- viding intuitive navigation and browsing mechanisms by or- ganizing large sets of documents into a small number of meaningful clusters. The bag of words representation used for these clustering methods is often unsatisfactory as it ig- nores relationships between important terms that do not co- occur literally. In order to deal

Andreas Hotho; Steffen Staab; Gerd Stumme

2003-01-01

288

Predictive Encoding in Text Compression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents three text compression methods of increasing power and evaluates each based on the trade-off between compression gain and processing time. The advantages of using hash coding for speed and optimal arithmetic coding to successor information for compression gain are discussed. (26 references) (Author/CLB)

Raita, Timo; Teuhola, Jukka

1989-01-01

289

Acquiring Disambiguation Rules from Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective procedure for automatically acquiring a new set of disambiguation rules for an existing deterministic parser on the basis of tagged text is presented. Performance of the automatically acquired rules is much better than the existing hand-written disambiguation rules. The success of the acquired rules depends on using the linguistic information encoded in the parser; enhancements to various components

Donald Hindle

1989-01-01

290

Clustering Concept Hierarchies from Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel approach to learning taxonomies or concept hierarchies from text. The approach is based on Formal Concept Analysis, a method mainly used for the analysis of data, i.e. for investigating and processing explicitly given information. Our approach is based on the distributional hypothesis, i.e. that nouns or terms are similar to the extent to which they share

Philipp Cimiano; Andreas Hotho

291

Solar Concepts: A Background Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is designed to provide teachers, students, and the general public with an overview of key solar energy concepts. Various energy terms are defined and explained. Basic thermodynamic laws are discussed. Alternative energy production is described in the context of the present energy situation. Described are the principal contemporary solar…

Gorham, Jonathan W.

292

Tobermorite group of silicates (Text)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is part of Subvolume I4 'Inosilicates' of Volume 27 'Magnetic properties of non-metallic inorganic compounds based on transition elements' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III Condensed Matter. It contains the data of the tobermorite group of silicates (Text)

Burzo, E.

293

Text Generator for Computer Tutors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) refer to computer applications that assist learners through coaching, teaching, testing, guiding exploration, and providing analysis. Though different modalities have been used to present output based on the specific domain and goals of the system, textual output remains to be predominant. Current researches in the field of ITS explore the use of text generators as the

Ethel Ong

294

Teaching Drama: Text and Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because playwrights are limited to textual elements that an audience can hear and see--dialogue and movement--much of a drama's tension and interest lie in the subtext, the characters' emotions and motives implied but not directly expressed by the text itself. The teacher must help students construct what in a novel the author may have made more…

Brown, Joanne

295

Planning Text for Advisory Dialogues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explanation is an interactive process requiring a dialogue between advice-giver and advice-seeker. In this paper, we argue that in order to participate in a dialogue with its users, a generation system must be capable of reasoning about its own utterances and therefore must maintain a rich representation of the responses it produces. We present a text planner that constructs a

Johanna D. Moore; Cécile L. Paris

1989-01-01

296

Reviving "Walden": Mining the Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the author and her high school English students begin their study of Thoreau's "Walden" by mining the text for quotations to inspire their own writing and discussion on the topic, "How does Thoreau speak to you or how could he speak to someone you know?" (SR)

Hewitt Julia

2000-01-01

297

A Visually Oriented Text Editor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

HERMAN employs Evans & Sutherland Picture System 2 to provide screenoriented editing capability for DEC PDP-11 series computer. Text altered by visual indication of characters changed. Group of HERMAN commands provides for higher level operations. HERMAN provides special features for editing FORTRAN source programs.

Gomez, J. E.

1985-01-01

298

Text-independent speaker identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe current approaches to text-independent speaker identification based on probabilistic modeling techniques. The probabilistic approaches have largely supplanted methods based on comparisons of long-term feature averages. The probabilistic approaches have an important and basic dichotomy into nonparametric and parametric probability models. Nonparametric models have the advantage of being potentially more accurate models (though possibly more fragile) while parametric models

H. Gish; M. Schmidt

1994-01-01

299

Extractive summarisation of legal texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe research carried out as part of a text summarisation project for the legal domain for which we use a new XML corpus of judgments of the UK House of Lords. These judgments represent a particularly important part of public discourse due to the role that precedents play in English law. We present experimental results using a range of

Ben Hachey; Claire Grover

2006-01-01

300

Discovering Trends in Text Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a system we developed for identifyingtrends in text documents collected over a period oftime. Trends can be used, for example, to discoverthat a company is shifting interests from one domainto another. Our system uses several data mining techniquesin novel ways and demonstrates a method inwhich to visualize the trends. We also give experiencesfrom applying this system to the

Brian Lent; Rakesh Agrawal; Ramakrishnan Srikant

1997-01-01

301

Boosting based text and non-text region classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Layout analysis is a crucial process for document image understanding and information retrieval. Document layout analysis depends on page segmentation and block classification. This paper describes an algorithm for extracting blocks from document images and a boosting based method to classify those blocks as machine printed text or not. The feature vector which is fed into the boosting classifier consists of a four direction run-length histogram, and connected components features in both background and foreground. Using a combination of features through a boosting classifier, we obtain an accuracy of 99.5% on our test collection.

Xie, Binqing; Agam, Gady

2011-01-01

302

Multilingual Authoring Using Feedback Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are obvious reasons for trying to automate the production of multilingual documentation, especially for routine subject-matter in restricted domains (e.g. technical instructions). Two approaches have been adopted: Machine Translation (MT) of a source text, and Multilingual Natural Language Generation (M-NLG) from a knowledge base. For MT, information extraction is a major difficulty, since the meaning must be derived by

Richard Power; Donia Scott

1998-01-01

303

Price Theory: An Intermediate Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

David D. Friedman, Professor of Law at Santa Clara University, has made his textbook, "Price Theory: An Intermediate Text" available on the web. The book focuses on trying to teach students the "economic way of thinking" and the "analytical core of economics -- price theory." Topics covered include consumer choice, market structure and economic efficiency. Price Theory also contains chapters on less conventional topics such as the political marketplace, the economics of law and law breaking; and the economics of love and marriage.

Friedman, David D.

1990-01-01

304

The longitudinal course of bipolar disorder as revealed through weekly text-messaging: a feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the feasibility of collecting course of illness data from patients with bipolar I and II disorder, using weekly text-messaged mood ratings, and to examine the time trajectory of symptom ratings based on this method of self-report. Methods A total of 62 patients with bipolar I (n = 47) or II (n = 15) disorder provided mood data in response to weekly cell phone text messages (n = 54) or e-mail prompts (n = 8). Participants provided weekly ratings using the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale and the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms–Self Report. Patients with bipolar I and II disorder, and men and women, were compared on percentages of time in depressive or manic mood states over up to two years. Results Participants provided weekly ratings over an average of 36 (range 1–92) weeks. Compliance with the procedure was 75%. Overall, participants reported depressive symptoms 47.7% of the time compared to 7% of entries reflecting manic symptoms, 8.8% reflecting both depressive and manic symptoms, and 36.5% reflecting euthymic mood. Participants with bipolar I disorder reported more days of depression and were less likely to improve with time than participants with bipolar II disorder. Gender differences observed at the beginning of the study were not observed at follow-up. Conclusions The results are similar to those of other longitudinal studies of bipolar disorder that use traditional retrospective, clinician-gathered mood data. Text-message based symptom monitoring during routine follow-up may be a reliable alternative to in-person interviews.

Bopp, Jedediah M; Miklowitz, David J; Goodwin, Guy M; Stevens, Will; Rendell, Jennifer M; Geddes, John R

2010-01-01

305

TEXT tokamak edge turbulence modeling  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results on the Texas Experimental Tokamak (TEXT) (Nucl. Technol./Fusion {bold 1}, 479 (1982)) and the Advanced Toroidal Facility (ATF) torsatron (Fusion Technol. {bold 10}, 179 (1986)) indicate that electrostatic fluctuations can explain the edge transport of particles and perhaps energy. Certain mechanisms for drive (radiation and ionization, as well as density and temperature gradients) and stabilization (velocity shear) are suggested by these results. The experimental fluctuation levels and turbulence characteristics can be reproduced by considering the nonlinear evolution of fluid-type equations, incorporating thermal and ionization drives.

Leboeuf, J.; Lee, D.K.; Carreras, B.A.; Dominguez, N.; Harris, J.H.; Hedrick, C.L.; Hidalgo, C.; Holmes, J.A.; Ruiter, J. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (USA)); Diamond, P.H.; Ware, A.S. (University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (USA)); Ritz, C.P.; Wootton, A.J.; Rowan, W.L.; Bravenec, R.V. (Fusion Research Center, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (USA))

1991-08-01

306

Primary Students and Informational Texts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Anyone who has spent time looking into science books with young children has no doubt experienced the endless questions that the information and visuals in the books can stimulate. Can snakes climb trees? How do frogs hide from predators? Why do volcanoes erupt? Books prompt questions, which can lead to further reading about and investigations of science topics. Whether from a textbook or a nonfiction trade book, informational text can be the fuel that sparks curiosity about and interest in science, thus contributing to the development of science attitudes.

Yopp, Hallie K.; Yopp, Ruth H.

2006-11-01

307

Color aftereffect contingent on text.  

PubMed

During adaptation, two different letter strings (each five or six letters) were presented to subjects alternately, one in green and the other in magenta. The extent to which these letter strings subsequently elicited a color aftereffect was assessed. In different experiments, the chromatic letter strings consisted of words and nonwords. The results indicated that letter strings that form English words can contingently elicit a color aftereffect. This was the case even when the words were anagrams. There was no evidence that nonword letter strings could contingently elicit such an aftereffect, even when the nonwords conformed to English orthography. The results are relevant to understanding other contingent color aftereffects (McCollough effects), illusory color noted by computer operators who work at monochrome (green or amber) displays, and the processing of text. PMID:2762097

Allan, L G; Siegel, S; Collins, J C; MacQueen, G M

1989-08-01

308

Corpus of Electronic Texts (CELT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed at University College Cork, the Corpus of Electronic Texts project is intended "to bring the wealth of Irish literary and historical culture (in Irish, Latin, Anglo-Norman French, and English) to the Internet in a rigorously scholarly project." Additionally, the project is designed to be utilized by a wide group of interested parties, including students, academics, and the general public. Visitors may peruse the documents by language of original publication, or by viewing a complete list of all the works currently available (many in HTML or pdf format) from the project's website. Some of the rather compelling works available here include the complete works of Oscar Wilde, the political writings of Michael Collins, and various historical documents regarding the struggle for Irish independence. [KMG

309

Keystroke Biometric Recognition Studies on Long-Text Input over the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

The keystroke biometric is gaining popularity because keyboards are readily available and data capture is not invasive. While most previous work dealt with short input like passwords, we focus here on input of several hundred characters for applications such as identifying perpetrators of inappropriate e- mail or fraudulent Internet activity. A Java applet collects raw keystroke data over the Internet,

Mary Villani; Mary Curtin; Giang Ngo; Justin Simone; Sung-Hyuk Cha; Charles Tappert

310

Text documents as social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extraction of keywords and features is a fundamental problem in text data mining. Document processing applications directly depend on the quality and speed of the identification of salient terms and phrases. Applications as disparate as automatic document classification, information visualization, filtering and security policy enforcement all rely on the quality of automatically extracted keywords. Recently, a novel approach to rapid change detection in data streams and documents has been developed. It is based on ideas from image processing and in particular on the Helmholtz Principle from the Gestalt Theory of human perception. By modeling a document as a one-parameter family of graphs with its sentences or paragraphs defining the vertex set and with edges defined by Helmholtz's principle, we demonstrated that for some range of the parameters, the resulting graph becomes a small-world network. In this article we investigate the natural orientation of edges in such small world networks. For two connected sentences, we can say which one is the first and which one is the second, according to their position in a document. This will make such a graph look like a small WWW-type network and PageRank type algorithms will produce interesting ranking of nodes in such a document.

Balinsky, Helen; Balinsky, Alexander; Simske, Steven J.

2012-02-01

311

A new video text extraction approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video text provides precise and meaningful information about video content. Video text extraction is a crucial step to retrieve video text characters. Most of papers perform video text extraction in a whole text row. Compared with whole text row extraction, single character extraction can achieve higher accuracy because the background of single character is relatively simple. However, character segmentation is

Xiaodong Huang; Huadong Ma; He Zhang

2009-01-01

312

Consistent Partition and Labelling of Text Blocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

:  This paper presents a text block extraction algorithm that takes as its input a set of text lines of a given document, and\\u000a partitions the text lines into a set of text blocks, where each text block is associated with a set of homogeneous formatting\\u000a attributes, e.g. text-alignment, indentation. The text block extraction algorithm described in this paper is probability

Jisheng Liang; Ihsin T. Phillips; Robert M. Haralick

2000-01-01

313

An improved method of video text detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an improved video text detection method. At first, Harris corners detection is fulfilled to the original region. After confirming the former three text frames, this algorithm gets a suitable candidate text region according to the characteristics of these text frames and only processes candidate text region in later corner detection in order to improve detection efficiency. Then,

Hua-Ying Liu; Wei Yuan

2011-01-01

314

Evaluating text reuse discovery on the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text reuse detection aims to identify duplicates, reformulations or partial rewrites of a given text. Some previous research has focused on determining text reuse instances accurately on local corpora. However, the practical usage of finding text reuse on the web has remained largely untested. In this work, we 1) introduce a novel text reuse searching interface for the web, based

Stanford Chiu; Ibrahim Uysal; W. Bruce Croft

2010-01-01

315

Are Good Texts Always Better? Interactions of Text Coherence, Background Knowledge, and Levels of Understanding in Learning from Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two experiments investigated the role of text coherence in junior high school students' comprehension of science texts. Found that text coherence improved readers' comprehension, but also that giving readers with sufficient background knowledge an incoherent text that forced them to infer unstated relations engaged them in compensatory processing,…

McNamara, Danielle S.; And Others

1996-01-01

316

Exploring Dimensionality Reduction for Text Mining.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text mining is the extraction of important information from a collection of textual data sources. For instance, text mining can be used to discover related concepts or to categorize previously unseen documents. In this age of information overload, text mi...

D. G. Underhill

2007-01-01

317

Science and Technology Text Mining: Analytical Chemistry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text mining is the extraction of useful information from large volumes of literature. This report addresses text mining in the context of the science and technology literature. It describes the major text mining components, and shows its myriad applicatio...

R. N. Kostoff R. A. DeMarco

2001-01-01

318

Text Features Made Easy Using News Magazines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will use news magazines such as Time for Kids, Science News for Kids, or other news magazines to identify text features and explain how the text features contribute to their understanding of the informational text.

2012-10-05

319

Text Detectives Investigate Meat Eating Plants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will identify the text features of non-fiction books and use several informational texts on meat-eating plants to answer text dependent questions. Students will become "text detectives" and learn how to use the text to find the evidence to prove that their answers to questions are right. The students will learn to use evidence from informational texts to write explanatory paragraphs.

2013-01-13

320

Contextual Text Mining with Probabilistic Topic Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project Scope: The explosive growth of information demands powerful text-mining tools to help us digest information and discover hidden knowledge in text. Text analysis is often associated with various kinds of context, such as time, location, and sources. Given any text data with context information, we often would like to extract selected subtopics or themes and analyze their variations over

Qiaozhu Mei; ChengXiang Zhai

321

A Brief Survey of Text Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

The enormous amount of information stored in unstructured texts cannot sim- ply be used for further processing by computers, which typically handle text as simple sequences of character strings. Therefore, specific (pre-)processing meth- ods and algorithms are required in order to extract useful patterns. Text mining refers generally to the process of extracting interesting information and knowledge from unstructured text.

Andreas Hotho; Andreas Nürnberger; Gerhard Paass

2005-01-01

322

Text mining in a digital library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text mining is a burgeoning new field that attempts to glean meaningful information from natural language text. It may be loosely characterized as the process of analyzing text to extract information that is useful for particular purposes. It most commonly targets text whose function is the communication of factual information or opinions, and the motivation for trying to extract information

Ian H. Witten; Katherine J. Don; Michael Dewsnip; Valentin Tablan

2004-01-01

323

A new video text detection method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, digital libraries contain more and more videos in them, and how to organize and retrieve those videos effectively has become very urgent. Text in videos is a very meaningful clue for video semantic understanding, and it can be used for video organization and retrieval. However, existing text recognizing methods can not deal with multilingual texts or texts embedded in

Jie Yuan; Baogang Wei; Weiming Lu; Lidong Wang

2011-01-01

324

Automatic Video Text Localization and Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text in videos contains much semantic information that can be used for video indexing and summarization. In this paper, we design an integrated algorithm of locating horizontal text based on corner point detection and color clustering. First, we get candidate text regions by using the method based on corner point detection, and then identify candidate text regions and refine the

Ge Guo; Jin Jin; Xijian Ping; Tao Zhang

2007-01-01

325

Efficient video text detection using edge features  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we explore new edge features such as straightness for the elimination of non significant edges from the segmented text portion of a video frame to detect accurate boundary of the text lines in video images. To segment the complete text portions, the method introduces candidate text block selection from a given image. Heuristic rules are formed based

Palaiahnakote Shivakumara; Weihua Huang; Chew Lim Tan

2008-01-01

326

Sparse Representation Classification for Image Text Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text detection in images is important for the retrieval of text information from digital graph, video databases and web sites. In this paper, a text detection method based on sparse representation classification with discrimination dictionaries is presented, which can detect text with different sizes, fonts and colors. The propose method detects edge information using Sobel operator and a sliding window

Ming Zhao; Shutao Li

2009-01-01

327

A Video Text Detection And Recognition System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a new system for text information extraction from news videos. First of all, a method that integrates text detecting and text tracking is developed to locate text areas in the key-frames (images), together with a scheme to evaluate the performance of this approach. To get better recognition results, we then enhance the quality of the

Jie Xi; Xian-sheng Hua; Xiang-rong Chen; Liu Wenyin; Hong-Jiang Zhang

2001-01-01

328

The Text Marking Patterns of College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines patterns in college students' text markings using texts from three content areas: history, political science, and sociology. Indicates little differential marking between various text-types. Concludes that students seem to have little idea how to mark text efficiently. (MG)

Nist, Sherrie L.; Kirby, Katie

1989-01-01

329

Block Addressing Indices for Approximate Text Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses indexing in large text databases, approximate text searching, and space-time tradeoffs for indexed text searching. Studies the space overhead and retrieval times as functions of the text block size, concludes that an index can be sublinear in space overhead and query time, and applies the analysis to the Web. (Author/LRW)

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo; Navarro, Gonzalo

2000-01-01

330

Synthesis of Speech from Unrestricted Text.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is often desirable to be able to convert arbitrary English text to natural and intelligible sounding speech. This transformation is facilitated by first obtaining the common underlying abstract linguistic representation which relates to both text and s...

J. Allen

1975-01-01

331

Freedom System Text and Graphics System (TAGS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Text and Graphics System (TAGS) is a high-resolution facsimile system that scans text or graphics material and converts the analog SCAN data into serial digital data. This video shows the TAGS in operation.

1989-01-01

332

An improved method of video text detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an improved video text detection method. At first, Harris corners detection is fulfilled to the original region. After confirming the former three text frames, this algorithm gets a suitable candidate text region according to the characteristics of these text frames and only processes candidate text region in later corner detection in order to improve detection efficiency. Then, the obtained corners are calculated by row and a local threshold is gotten based on height and density of continuous corners rows to eliminate non-text corners rows. Finally, the center location feature is employed to make sure text region further and confirm the text frames. The experiment indicates that this method has relative high detection accuracy.

Liu, Hua-Ying; Yuan, Wei

2011-10-01

333

Compressed text indexes: From theory to practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compressed full-text self-index represents a text in a compressed form and still answers queries efficiently. This represents a significant advancement over the (full-)text indexing techniques of the previous decade, whose indexes required several times the size of the text. Although it is relatively new, this algorithmic technology has matured up to a point where theoretical research is giving way

Paolo Ferragina; Rodrigo González; Gonzalo Navarro; Rossano Venturini

2008-01-01

334

A Laplacian Method for Video Text Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an efficient text detection method based on the Laplacian operator. The maximum gradient difference value is computed for each pixel in the Laplacian-filtered image. K-means is then used to classify all the pixels into two clusters: text and non-text. For each candidate text region, the corresponding region in the Sobel edge map of the input

Trung Quy Phan; Palaiahnakote Shivakumara; Chew Lim Tan

2009-01-01

335

E-mail Rules! Organizations and Individuals Creating Ethical Excellence in Telemental-Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of those in the helping professions is to support and heal those who seek out their professional assistance. Ethics are based on the ongoing collective development of professional experience, the natural outflow of desire to care effectively for the needs of fellow human beings. Ethics help define what is and what is not an effective…

Mitchell, Dan L.; Murphy, Lawrence

336

MailCat: an intelligent assistant for organizing e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

While most mail reader applications allow users to file mes- sages into folders, in practice this task tends to be tedious. For each message, the user must first decide which folder is most appropriate. Then, the user must inform the mail reader of that choice by selecting the appropriate icon or menu item from among what is typically a set

Richard B. Segal; Jeffrey O. Kephart

1999-01-01

337

A Novel Network for Mentoring Family Physicians on Mental Health Issues Using E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Family practitioners are significant providers of mental health care and routinely report difficulty acquiring timely support in this area. The Collaborative Mental Health Care Network assembled groups of family practitioners and provided them with mental health practitioner mentors. This article addresses communication in the Network,…

Hunter, Jon J.; Rockman, Patricia; Gingrich, Nadine; Silveira, Jose; Salach, Lena

2008-01-01

338

Media transitions: The cases of digital imagery and e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a framework for understanding the technological change and its impacts on environments where multiple versions of a technology exist simultaneously. Both orienting and limiting role of physical (skeumorph) and conceptual metaphors on the products, processes, and user experience in changing from a familiar functional implementation to the one employing new media is illustrated using examples showing the

Kimberly Cass; Thomas W. Lauer

2004-01-01

339

Analysis of dynamic social network: e-mail messages exchange network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counting entropy of social networks is used to study the dynamic of such networks. It depends on counting the number of cycles in the network, which is an NP problem. In this work we used a polynomial time approximation algorithm to count the number of cycles in an undirected graph that is based on regression and on a statistical mechanics

Maytham Safar; Hisham Farahat; Khaled Mahdi

2009-01-01

340

Teachers' Perspectives on Using E-Mail to Communicate with Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that positive communication between parents and teachers at all grade levels is essential for student success and parent-teacher relationship formation. This positive communication practice is the key component of the parent-teacher relationship that is supported by the uncertainty reduction theory. The purpose of this study was…

Kilgore, Amanda J.

2010-01-01

341

Dear Gayle, Dear Sheryl: Using E-Mail for a Principal Mentorship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A little over a year ago, Sheryl, one of the authors, became a principal for the first time. Her transformation from education professor to elementary principal represented a significant and unusual career progression. Gayle, one of the authors and an elementary school principal for 11 years and a curriculum specialist and classroom teacher for…

Boris-Schacter, Sheryl; Vonasek, Gayle

2009-01-01

342

Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

2009-01-01

343

E-Alerts: Environmental pollution and control (air pollution and control). E-mail newsletter  

SciTech Connect

Topics of discussion include the following: Air pollution from flue gases, exhaust gases, odors, dust, smog, microorganisms, etc.; Control techniques and equipment; Sampling and analytical techniques, and equipment; Waste gas recovery; Biological and ecological effects; Air pollution chemistry; Acid precipitation; Atmospheric motion; Laws, legislation, and regulations; Public administration; Economics; Land use.

NONE

1999-04-01

344

A Qualitative Study and Model of the Use of E-Mail in Organisations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the email use of a set of disparate organizations to devise a multi-dimensional positioning model, for practical use by managers to understand their organizations' present use of email on four dimensions: information management, people influences, corporate culture, and knowledge management. The email questionnaire and interviewing…

Stevens, G. Ruggeri; McElhill, J.

2000-01-01

345

E-Alerts: Environmental pollution and control (water pollution and control). E-mail newsletter  

SciTech Connect

Topics of discussion include the following: Pollution by municipal wastes, agricultural wastes, industrial wastes, mine wastes, radioactive contaminants; Chemistry and analysis of pollutants; Thermal pollution; Oil pollution; Control techniques and equipment; Sewage treatment; Industrial waste water pretreatment; Hydrology and limnology; Biological and ecological effects; Waste water reuse; Laws, legislation, and regulations; Public administration; Economics; Land use.

NONE

1999-04-01

346

Microethnographies of Electronic Discourse Communities: Establishing Exigency for E-Mail in the Professional Writing Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how microethnography can be an effective tool for analyzing the possibilities and constraints of electronic discourse by overviewing two electronic mail ethnography projects. Suggests that such approaches can help students better understand electronic rhetoric as well as electronic ideology (the power relationships and cultural values that…

Blair, Kristine L.

1996-01-01

347

Using e-mail recruitment and an online questionnaire to establish effect size: A worked example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Sample size calculations require effect size estimations. Sometimes, effect size estimations and standard deviation may not\\u000a be readily available, particularly if efficacy is unknown because the intervention is new or developing, or the trial targets\\u000a a new population. In such cases, one way to estimate the effect size is to gather expert opinion. This paper reports the use\\u000a of a

Helen M Kirkby; Sue Wilson; Melanie Calvert; Heather Draper

2011-01-01

348

A New Method of Viewing Attachment Document of eMail on Various Mobile Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the computing power of the mobile devices is improving rapidly, many kinds of web services are also available in mobile devices just as Email service. Mobile Mail Service began early, but this service is mostly limited in some specified mobile devices such as Smart Phone. That is a limitation that users have to purchase specified phone to be benefited from Mobile Mail Service. In this paper, it uses DIDL (digital item declaration language) markup type defined in MPEG-21 and MobileGate Server, and solved this problem. DIDL could be converted to other markup types which are displayed by mobile devices. By transforming PC Web Mail contents including attachment document to DIDL markup through MobileGate Server, the Mobile Mail Service could be available for all kinds of mobile devices.

Ko, Heeae; Seo, Changwoo; Lim, Yonghwan

349

AI in the White House: expert system diagnoses bounced e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every once in a while an AI application comes along that stands out, not only for its technical merit, but more for its strategic merit. The paper discusses such an application at the White House. While it will be largely invisible, nestled into an electronic media affairs distribution system, it is noteworthy for several reasons. First, AI will soon be

S. Hedberg

1997-01-01

350

Computer, Internet, and E-mail Use Among Older Adults: Benefits and Barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of older adults are using computers for communication, entertainment, and information. This descriptive study examined the perceived benefits and barriers encountered by 58 older adults. Benefits of computer use listed by these elders included a sense of connectedness, satisfaction, utility, and positive learning experiences. Barriers included frustration, physical and mental limitations, mistrust, and time issues. Professionals who

Susan L. Gatto; Sunghee H. Tak

2008-01-01

351

An intelligent technique to detect file formats and e-mail spam  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the everyday increasing importance of privacy, security, and wise use of computational resources, the corresponding technologies are increasingly being faced with the problem of file type detection. In digital forensic, there are numerous file formats in use. Criminals have started using either non-standard file formats or changing extensions of files while storing or transmitting them over a network. This

Ranaganayakulu Dhanalakshmi; Chenniappan Chellappan

2010-01-01

352

MIME E-mail Encapsulation of Aggregate Documents, such as HTML (MHTML)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although HTML (RFC 1866) was designed within the context of MIME, more than the specification of HTML as defined in RFC 1866 is needed for two electronic mail user agents to be able to interoperate using HTML as a document format. These issues include the naming of objects that are normally referred to by URIs, and the means of aggregating

J. Palme

353

E-Mail-Based Formative Assessment: A Chronicle of Research-Inspired Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of using systematic formative assessment to guide students toward meaningful learning has gained more recognition in the education community in recent years. This form of assessment is characterized by task-oriented feedback in a low-risk environment, which is believed to promote mastery goal orientation and self-regulated learning.…

Doige, Carl Anthony

2012-01-01

354

E-Alerts: Nuclear science and technology (radiation shielding, protection, and safety). E-mail newsletter  

SciTech Connect

Topics include: Shielding design, nuclear radiation transport properties of materials, decontamination; Container design and transportation requirements for radioactive materials; and Fallout shelters.

NONE

1999-05-01

355

Teaching and Learning: Whose Computer Is It? December/January E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that teachers see the computer as a tool to help them teach better, while students use computers to play games, chat, and design Web sites. Describes the after-school program Kids Learning In Computer Klubhouses (KLICK!) that operates clubhouses within local middle schools. Discusses what participants have accomplished for themselves, their…

Zhao, Yong; Hueyshan Tan, Sophia; Mishra, Punya

2001-01-01

356

Forget E-Mail: New Messaging Service Has Students and Professors Atwitter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some professors, librarians, and administrators have begun using Twitter, a service that can blast very short notes (up to 140 characters) to select users' cell phones or computer screens. The practice is often called microblogging because people use it to send out pithy updates about their daily lives. No need to wait until you are back at your…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

357

Outreach to student-athletes through e-mail reference service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explains why student-athletes on college and university campuses are chosen as a special group for library instruction outreach programs. A brief history of the library instruction to athletes’ programs at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is given, emphasizing the collaboration between the academic advisors of the athletes and the instruction librarians. With the inception of electronic library services and

Melba Jesudason

2000-01-01

358

Graph-based ranking algorithms for e-mail expertise analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study graph--based ranking measures for the purpose of using them to rank email correspondents according to their degree of expertise on subjects of interest. While this complete expertise analysis consists of several steps, in this paper we focus on the analysis of digraphs whose nodes correspond to correspondents (people), whose edges correspond to the existence of

Byron Dom; Iris Eiron; Alex Cozzi; Yi Zhang

2003-01-01

359

E-MAIL AND WORD PROCESSING IN THE ESL CLASSROOM: HOW THE MEDIUM AFFECTS THE MESSAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer-based media place new demands on language which can promote variations in language use (cf. Halliday, 1990). Electronic mail has assumed functions and formal features associated with spoken language as well as formal writing (Davis & Brewer, 1997; Maynor, 1994; Murray, 1996). This has implications for language instructors: If electronic mail does engender features of both written and spoken language,

Sigrun Biesenbach-Lucas; Donald Weasenforth

2001-01-01

360

E-Alerts: Environmental pollution and control (environmental health and safety). E-mail newsletter  

SciTech Connect

Topics of discussion include the following: Effects of pollution on public health and safety; Toxicology; Industrial health; Physiology; Psychology; Clinical medicine; Radiobiology; Animals used as research experimental models.

NONE

1999-04-01

361

Mining Web Text for Brand Associations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Weblogs and other web text are an incredibly rich knowledge base, and the marketing industry is beginning to recognize the value of web texts as a source of information about their customers. However, the nature of web texts make them un- suitable for analysis using standard market research methods. In this paper, we describe the use of exploratory data analysis

Robert Malouf; Bradley Davidson; Ashli Sherman; Wayne NJ

362

CTMS: A Comparative Text Mining System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many applications, there is often a need for comparing multi- ple text collections to find commonalities and differences in topi- cal themes, a task we refer to as comparative text mining. In this paper, we present a general comparative mining system (CTMS). The CTMS system takes any two collections of text and gener- ates a list of cross-collection themes

Peng Zang; ChengXiang Zhai

363

About Reformulation in Full-Text IRS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes different kinds of reformulations used in information retrieval systems where full text databases are accessed through natural language queries. Tests of these reformulations on large full text databases managed by the Syntactic and Probabilistic Indexing and Retrieval of Information in Texts (SPIRIT) system are described, and an expert…

Debili, Fathi; And Others

1989-01-01

364

Speaking Kapampangan. PALI Language Texts: Philippines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is an elementary-intermediate level text designed to teach conversational Kapampangan, the language spoken in the Pampanga-Tarlac area of the central plain of Luzon in the Philippines. The purpose of the text is to acquaint the learner with the vocabulary and basic structures necessary for participation in everyday conversations. The…

Mirikitani, Leatrice T.

365

Text Matters in Learning to Read.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the opportunities provided by several types of text for beginning readers to learn about three aspects of written English: (1) consistent, common letter-sound patterns; (2) the most frequent words; and (3) the contexts of sentences and texts. Results indicate that texts based on high-frequency words give beginning readers ample…

Hiebert, Elfrieda H.

366

Text Messaging for Student Communication and Voting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text messaging has gained widespread popularity in higher education as a communication tool and as a means of engaging students in the learning process. In this study we report on the use of text messaging in a large, year-one introductory chemistry module where students were encouraged to send questions and queries to a dedicated text number both…

McClean, Stephen; Hagan, Paul; Morgan, Jason

2010-01-01

367

RECOGNITION OF TEXT IN 3-D SCENES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video is an increasingly important source of information to the intelligence analyst. Recognizing text that appears in real-world scenery is potentially useful for characterizing the contents of video imagery. Previous research in text recognition for both printed documents and other sources of imagery has generally assumed that the text lies in a plane that is oriented roughly perpendicular to the

Gregory K. Myers; Robert C. Bolles; James A. Herson

2001-01-01

368

MULTEXT: Multilingual Text Tools and Corpora  

Microsoft Academic Search

MULTEXT (Multilingual Text Tools and Corpora) is the largest project funded in the Commission of European Communities Linguistic Research and Engineering Program. The project will contribute to the development of generally usable software tools to manipulate and analyse text corpora and to create multilingual text corpora with structural and linguistic markup. It will attempt to establish conventions for the encoding

Nancy Ide; Jean Véronis

1994-01-01

369

A Survey of Multilingual Text Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report reviews the present state of the art in selection of texts in one languagebased on queries in another, a problem we refer to as "multilingual" text retrieval.Present applications of multilingual text retrieval systems are limited by the cost andcomplexity of developing and using the multilingual thesauri on which they are basedand by the level of user training that

Bonnie J. Dorr; Douglas W. Oard

1996-01-01

370

Writing Texts with Radical Change Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has revealed how students draw upon other texts when writing their own texts. This article explores how the writing of Alyssa, a 10-year-old Grade 5 student, was influenced by her engagement with literature with Radical Change characteristics, as well as by her knowledge of and experience with other texts. Dresang's Radical Change…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2007-01-01

371

Literary and Informational Texts in Language Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informational texts are useful for teaching fundamental linguistic structures, because their stylistic variables can be ignored, and because they provide information about aspects of the world which the student will encounter in literary texts. Literary texts speak directly to the reader, and have high motivational value. (IFS/WGA)

Littlewood, William T.

1976-01-01

372

Metacognitive Process in Online Text Construction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have reported the results of how students constructed texts, yet the cognitive process of how texts were constructed by sentences and how the constructive process was formulated and reformulated have rarely been addressed. This study aims to develop a computer-aided text construction system which supports 83 English as a Foreign…

Yeh, Hui-Chin; Yang, Yu-Fen

2011-01-01

373

Text Dependent Questions and the CCSS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An effective text dependent question first and foremost embraces the key principle of close reading embedded in the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Anchor Reading Standards by asking students to provide evidence from complex text and draw inferences based on what the text explicitly says (Standards 1 and 10). A close look at the intervening…

Aspen Institute, 2012

2012-01-01

374

Do We Write the Text We Read?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the view that readers read different texts and create the text they read. Argues that (1) this view is a form of conceptual relativism; (2) the view is incoherent; and (3) work on radical interpretation offers a much more satisfactory account of why interpretations of texts differ so radically and better explains the value of studying…

Dasenbrock, Reed Way

1991-01-01

375

Speak It! Text to Speech app.  

PubMed

You can copy emails, documents, web pages and PDF files, paste the text into Speak it! and have the text spoken back out loud. The app creates audio files of the text that can be stored and played repeatedly or emailed as attachments. PMID:25074111

Evans, Nicola

2014-07-30

376

Assessing Text Readability Using Cognitively Based Indices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many programs designed to compute the readability of texts are narrowly based on surface-level linguistic features and take too little account of the processes which a reader brings to the text. This study is an exploratory examination of the use of Coh-Metrix, a computational tool that measures cohesion and text difficulty at various levels of…

Crossley, Scott A.; Greenfield, Jerry; McNamara, Danielle S.

2008-01-01

377

Person Identification Using Text and Image Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a bimodal identification system using text based term vectors and EBGM face recognition. Identification was tested on a database of 118 celebrities downloaded from the internet. The dataset contained multiple images and two biographies for each person. Text based identification had a 100% identification rate for the full biographies. When the text data was artificially restricted to

David S. Bolme; J. Ross Beveridge; Adele E. Howe

2007-01-01

378

Using Text Messages to Communicate with Patrons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Text messaging is an ideal communications method for libraries, which often want to send short, concise messages to their patrons near and far. Uses for text messaging in libraries include reminders about items' due dates, hold pickup notices, program reminders, and even short messages of content. Some libraries are already using text messaging…

Konshak, Peter

2009-01-01

379

Effective video text detection using line features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text superimposed on video frames provides synoptic or supplemental information on video semantics. In this paper, we propose a novel method to detect superimposed text effectively. First, we detect edges by an improved Canny edge detector. Then, a line-feature vector graph is generated based on the edge map and the stroke information is extracted. Finally text regions are generated and

Yang Liu; Hong Lu; Xiangyang Xue; Yap-peng Tan

2004-01-01

380

A new approach for video text detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text detection is fundamental to video information retrieval and indexing. Existing methods cannot handle well those texts with different contrast or embedded in a complex background. To handle these difficulties, this paper proposes an efficient text detection approach, which is based on invariant features, such as edge strength, edge density, and horizontal distribution. First, it applies edge detection and uses

Michael R. Lyu; Jiqiang Song; Min Cai

2002-01-01

381

Mathematical Texts as Narrative: Rethinking Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a framework for reading mathematics texts as narratives. Building from a narrative framework of Meike Bal, a reader's experience with the mathematical content as it unfolds in the text (the "mathematical story") is distinguished from his or her logical reconstruction of the content beyond the text (the…

Dietiker, Leslie

2013-01-01

382

Evaluating and Comparing Text Clustering Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text clustering is a useful and inexpensive way to organize vast text repositories into meaningful topics categories. However, there is little consensus on which clustering techniques work best and in what circumstances because researchers do not use the same evaluation methodologies and document collections. Furthermore, text clustering offers a low cost alternative to supervised classification, which relies on expensive and

Louis Massey

2005-01-01

383

Text-speak processing impairs tactile location.  

PubMed

Dual task experiments have highlighted that driving while having a conversation on a cell phone can have negative impacts on driving (Strayer & Drews, 2007). It has also been noted that this negative impact is greater when reading a text-message (Lee, 2007). Commonly used in text-messaging are shortening devices collectively known as text-speak (e.g.,Ys I wll ttyl 2nite, Yes I will talk to you later tonight). To the authors' knowledge, there has been no investigation into the potential negative impacts of reading text-speak on concurrent performance on other tasks. Forty participants read a correctly spelled story and a story presented in text-speak while concurrently monitoring for a vibration around their waist. Slower reaction times and fewer correct vibration detections occurred while reading text-speak than while reading a correctly spelled story. The results suggest that reading text-speak imposes greater cognitive load than reading correctly spelled text. These findings suggest that the negative impact of text messaging on driving may be compounded by the messages being in text-speak, instead of orthographically correct text. PMID:22858873

Head, James; Helton, William; Russell, Paul; Neumann, Ewald

2012-09-01

384

Multi-Paragraph Segmentation of Expository Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes TextTiling, an algorithm for partitioning expository texts into coherent multi-paragraph discourse units which reflect the subtopic structure of the texts. The algorithm uses domain-independent lexical frequency and distribution information to recognize the interactions of multiple simultaneous themes. Two fully-implemented versions of the algorithm are described and shown to produce segmentation that corresponds well to human judgments of

Marti A. Hearst

1994-01-01

385

Speech, Text and Braille Conversion Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter is devoted to the fascinating triangle of conversion technologies that arise between text, speech and Braille.\\u000a These are enabling technologies that allow speech to be converted into text as might happen in the creation of a letter, that\\u000a allows text to be converted into speech as might happen in the reading of a book for enjoyment and then,

Rüdiger Hoffmann

386

An Iterative Approach to Text Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We present divSeg, a novel method for text segmentation that iteratively splits a portion of text at its weakest point in terms of the connectivity\\u000a strength between two adjacent parts. To search for the weakest point, we apply two different measures: one is based on language\\u000a modeling of text segmentation and the other, on the interconnectivity between two segments. Our

Fei Song; William M. Darling; Adnan Duric; Fred W. Kroon

2011-01-01

387

Figure Text Extraction in Biomedical Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundFigures are ubiquitous in biomedical full-text articles, and they represent important biomedical knowledge. However, the sheer volume of biomedical publications has made it necessary to develop computational approaches for accessing figures. Therefore, we are developing the Biomedical Figure Search engine (http:\\/\\/figuresearch.askHERMES.org) to allow bioscientists to access figures efficiently. Since text frequently appears in figures, automatically extracting such text may assist

Daehyun Kim; Hong Yu; Vladimir N. Uversky

2011-01-01

388

Coarse-to-fine video text detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an effective coarse-to-fine algorithm to detect text in video. Firstly, in coarse-detection section, stroke filter is employed to detect all candidate stroke pixels, and then a fast region growing method is developed to connect these pixels into regions which are further separated into candidate text lines by projection operation. Secondly, in fine-detection section, correct text

Guangyi Miao; Qingming Huang; Shuqiang Jiang; Wen Gao

2008-01-01

389

Ontology-based Text Document Clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text clustering typically involves clustering in a high dimensional space, which appears difficult with regard to virtually all practical settings. In addition, given a particular clustering result it is typically very hard to come up with a good explanation of why the text clusters have been constructed the way they are. In this paper, we propose a new approach for

Andreas Hotho; Alexander Maedche; Steffen Staab

2002-01-01

390

Tagging English Text with a Probabilistic Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present some experiments on the use of a probabilistic model to tag English text, i.e. to assign to each word the correct tag (part of speech) in the context of the sentence. The main novelty of these experiments is the use of untagged text in the training of the model. We have used a simple triclass

Bernard Merialdo

1994-01-01

391

Identifying Word Correspondences in Parallel Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in both machine translation (e. g., Brown et a\\/, 1990) arm bilingual lexicography (e. g., Klavans and Tzoukermarm, 1990) have recently become interested in studying parallel texts (also known as bilingual corpora), bodies of text such as the Canadian Hansards (parliamentary debates) which are available in multiple languages (such as French and English). Much of the current excitement surrounding

William A. Gale; Kenneth Ward Church

1991-01-01

392

Tagalog for Beginners. PALI Language Texts: Philippines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This language textbook is designed for beginning students of Tagalog, the principal language spoken on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The introduction discusses the history of Tagalog and certain features of the language. An explanation of the text is given, along with notes for the teacher. The text itself is divided into nine sections:…

Ramos, Teresita V.; de Guzman, Videa

393

Text mining for the biocuration workflow  

PubMed Central

Molecular biology has become heavily dependent on biological knowledge encoded in expert curated biological databases. As the volume of biological literature increases, biocurators need help in keeping up with the literature; (semi-) automated aids for biocuration would seem to be an ideal application for natural language processing and text mining. However, to date, there have been few documented successes for improving biocuration throughput using text mining. Our initial investigations took place for the workshop on ‘Text Mining for the BioCuration Workflow’ at the third International Biocuration Conference (Berlin, 2009). We interviewed biocurators to obtain workflows from eight biological databases. This initial study revealed high-level commonalities, including (i) selection of documents for curation; (ii) indexing of documents with biologically relevant entities (e.g. genes); and (iii) detailed curation of specific relations (e.g. interactions); however, the detailed workflows also showed many variabilities. Following the workshop, we conducted a survey of biocurators. The survey identified biocurator priorities, including the handling of full text indexed with biological entities and support for the identification and prioritization of documents for curation. It also indicated that two-thirds of the biocuration teams had experimented with text mining and almost half were using text mining at that time. Analysis of our interviews and survey provide a set of requirements for the integration of text mining into the biocuration workflow. These can guide the identification of common needs across curated databases and encourage joint experimentation involving biocurators, text mining developers and the larger biomedical research community.

Hirschman, Lynette; Burns, Gully A. P. C; Krallinger, Martin; Arighi, Cecilia; Cohen, K. Bretonnel; Valencia, Alfonso; Wu, Cathy H.; Chatr-Aryamontri, Andrew; Dowell, Karen G.; Huala, Eva; Lourenco, Analia; Nash, Robert; Veuthey, Anne-Lise; Wiegers, Thomas; Winter, Andrew G.

2012-01-01

394

Diode and Diode Circuits, a Programmed Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This programed text on diode and diode circuits was developed under contract with the United States Office of Education as Number 4 in a series of materials for use in an electrical engineering sequence. It is intended as a supplement to a regular text and other instructional material. (DH)

Balabanian, Norman; Kirwin, Gerald J.

395

Modeling learning effects in mobile texting  

Microsoft Academic Search

No work on mobile text messaging so far has taken into account the effect of learning on the change in visual exploration behavior as users progress from non-expert to expert level. We discuss within the domain of multi-tap texting on mobile phone and address the process of searching versus selecting a letter on the keypad interface. We develop a simulation

Arindam Das; Wolfgang Stuerzlinger

2008-01-01

396

A new approach to text searching  

Microsoft Academic Search

String searching is a very important component of many problems, including text editing, bibliographic retrieval, and symbol manipulation. Recent surveys of string searching can be found in [4, 18]. The string-matching problem consists of finding all occurrences of a pattern of length m in a text of length n. We generalize the problem allowing don't care symbols, the complement of

Ricardo A. Baeza-Yates; Gaston H. Gonnet

1992-01-01

397

The Rhetorical Parsing of Natural Language Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We derive the rhetorical structures of texts by means of two new, surface-form-based algorithms: one that identifies discourse usages of cue phrases and breaks sentences into clauses, and one that produces valid rhetorical structure trees for unrestricted natural languages texts. The algorithms use information that was derived from a corpus analysis of cue phrases.

Daniel Marcu

1997-01-01

398

NTIS Bibliographic Database Full Text Reports Collection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NTIS Bibliographic Database Full Text Reports Collection is made up of more than 700,000 digitized full-text image files of items announced within the NTIS Bibliographic Database. These digitized technical reports represent hundreds of billions of dol...

2013-01-01

399

Overlay Text Retrieval From Video Scene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid growth of video data leads to an urgent demand for efficient and true contentbased browsing and retrieving systems. In response to such needs, various video content analysis schemes using one or a combination of image, audio, and text information in videos have been proposed to parse, index, or abstract massive amount of data text in video is a very compact and accurate clue for video indexing and summarization. Most video text detection and extraction methods hold assumptions on text color, background contrast, and font style. Moreover, few methods can handle multilingual text well since different languages may have quite different appearances. In this paper, an efficient overlay text detection and extraction method is implemented which deals with complex backgrounds. Based on our observation that there exist transient colors between inserted text and its adjacent background. It is robust with respect to font size, style text, color, orientation and noise and can be used in a large variety of application fields such as mobile robot navigation vehicle license detection and recognition, object identification , document retrieving, etc.

Manohar, K.; Irfan, S.; Sravani, K.

2013-03-01

400

Empirical Methods for Exploiting Parallel Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parallel translations of written texts have long been useful tools for human students of language and have begun to serve as an intriguing source of data for corpus-based approaches to natural language processing. A source text and its translation can be viewed as a coarse map between the two languages, and an industrious student or clever computer program may wish

I. Dan Melamed; Ted Pedersen

2001-01-01

401

Hierarchies of Indices for Text Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses indexes for text databases and presents an efficient implementation of an index for text searching called PAT array, or suffix array, where the database is stored on secondary storage devices such as magnetic or optical disks. Additional hierarchical index structures and searching algorithms are proposed that improve searching time, and…

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo; And Others

1996-01-01

402

Text Generation Methods for Dialog Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text generation systems are typically more powerful than generation components of dialog systems. In order to exploit their advanced capabilities for dialog purposes, we discuss the extension potential of NL generation components of dialog systems on the basis of methods embedded in text generation system. We investigate archi- tectural concerns and crucial system features in a compar- ison, and we

Helmut Horacek

2003-01-01

403

CRT Text Layout: Prominent Layout Variables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study asked participants to rate models of computer-generated text on the perceived ease with which it could be read and studied. These ratings were submitted to a Q-mode factor analysis to identify the underlying criteria used when the reader/perceiver formed a judgment related to the "study-ability" of the text model. Subjects were…

Grabinger, R. Scott; Amedeo, Douglas

404

A Web Text Mining Flexible Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text Mining is an important step of Knowledge Discovery process. It is used to extract hidden information from not- structured o semi-structured data. This aspect is fundamental because much of the Web information is semi-structured due to the nested structure of HTML code, much of the Web information is linked, much of the Web information is redundant. Web Text Mining

M. Castellano; G. Mastronardi; A. Aprile; G. Tarricone

2007-01-01

405

CUTER: An Efficient Useful Text Extraction Mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present CUTER, a system that processes HTML pages in order to extract the useful text from them. The mechanism is focalized on HTML pages that include news articles from major portals and blogs. As useful text we define the body of the article that contains the news report. In order to extract the body of the

George Adam; Christos Bouras; Vassilis Poulopoulos

2009-01-01

406

Learning from analogy-enhanced science text  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the role that an elaborate analogy can play when middle school students learn a major concept from a science text. The elaborate analogy had both graphic and text com- ponents that integrated and mapped key features from an analog (a factory) to the target concept (an ani- mal cell). The target features were the functions of

Shawn M. Glynn; Tomone Takahashi

1998-01-01

407

Meeting Standard 10: Reading Complex Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most principals know about the Common Core State Standards, but they may not be aware that they are different from previous standards in one essential way: they emphasize students' capacity to understand complex texts. Standard 10 puts an unprecedented focus on texts and will fundamentally change assessments, textbooks, and teaching at the…

Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Mesmer, Heidi Anne E.

2013-01-01

408

Touchstone Texts: Fertile Ground for Creativity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When state and local standards drive instruction, teachers often worry about compromising their creativity for a prescriptive curriculum with predictable outcomes. It is possible for creative teaching to flourish by using touchstone texts, or mentor texts, that engage both teacher and student in exploratory yet purposeful learning. (Contains 1…

Sturgell, Irma

2008-01-01

409

A Text Readability Continuum for Postsecondary Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who successfully exit high school may nevertheless be unprepared for postsecondary endeavors. Some point to a lack of basic skills attained in the public schools. However, no one has systematically compared the text demands of high school with those of the postsecondary world. If there is a gap in text readability then apparent student…

Williamson, Gary L.

2008-01-01

410

Aesthetical Information Impact of a Literary Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to explore the aesthetic impact of a literary text on the human mind and to extend the knowledge on how and when the information from a book enters the human brain, and if and when it starts to be processed and, possibly, memorized. Readers' responses to aesthetic texts were measured through a series of biometric…

Malik, M. F.

411

Text mining: Generating hypotheses from MEDLINE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypothesis generation, a crucial initial step for making scientific discoveries, relies on prior knowledge, experi- ence, and intuition. Chance connections made between seemingly distinct subareas sometimes turn out to be fruitful. The goal in text mining is to assist in this process by automatically discovering a small set of interesting hypotheses from a suitable text collection. In this report, we

Padmini Srinivasan

2004-01-01

412

A mixture model for contextual text mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contextual text mining is concerned with extracting topical themes from a text collection with context information (e.g., time and location) and comparing\\/analyzing the variations of themes over different contexts. Since the topics covered in a document are usually related to the context of the doc- ument, analyzing topical themes within context can poten- tially reveal many interesting theme patterns. In

Qiaozhu Mei; Chengxiang Zhai

2006-01-01

413

Frontiers of biomedical text mining: current progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now almost 15 years since the publication of the first paper on text mining in the genomics domain, and decades since the first paper on text mining in the medical domain. Enormous progress has been made in the areas of information retrieval, evaluation methodologies and resource construction. Some problems, such as abbreviation- handling, can essentially be considered solved

Pierre Zweigenbaum; Dina Demner-fushman; Hong Yu; Kevin B. Cohen

2007-01-01

414

Readability Revisited? The Implications of Text Complexity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of readability has had a variable history, moving from a position where it was considered as a very important topic for those responsible for producing texts and matching those texts to the abilities and needs of learners, to its current declining visibility in the education literature. Some important work has been coming from the USA…

Wray, David; Janan, Dahlia

2013-01-01

415

Is There a Text in This Grade?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluative criteria implicit in written comments on student writing can embody a definition of text which leads students to see text as superficial and formal instead of deep and meaningful. Students develop their perceptions of professors' values from the cues they receive via comments. A major problem, especially among faculty from different…

Mitchell, Felicia

416

Teaching Theory through Popular Culture Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author describes a pedagogical approach to teaching theory to pre?service teachers. This approach involves articulating academic texts that introduce theoretical ideas and tools with carefully selected popular culture texts that can be taken up to illustrate the elements of a particular theory. Examples of the theories discussed in the article are preferred, negotiated and oppositional readings;

James Trier

2007-01-01

417

Beyond text theory: Understanding literary response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approaches to text comprehension that focus on propositional, inferential, and elaborative processes have often been considered capable of extension in principle to literary texts, such as stories or poems. However, we argue that literary response is influenced by stylistic features that result in defamiliarization; that defamiliarization evokes feeling which, in turn, elicits personal perspectives and meanings; and that these aspects

David S. Miall; Don Kuiken

1994-01-01

418

Traversing "Terra Incognita": Mapping Literary Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how mapping literary works provides students with a powerful tool for critical analysis. Suggests that educators need to force students to do something different with the text. Notes that the author's solution is to insist that her students visualize the text on paper. (SG)

Levy, Sharona A.

2001-01-01

419

Multiresolution text detection in video frames  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an algorithm for detecting artificial text in video frames using edge information. First, an edge map is created using the Canny edge detector. Then, morphological dilation and opening are used in order to connect the vertical edges and eliminate false alarms. Bounding boxes are determined for every non-zero valued connected component, consisting the initial candidate text areas.

Marios Anthimopoulos; Basilios Gatos; Ioannis Pratikakis

2007-01-01

420

GIPSY: Automated Geographic Indexing of Text Documents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an algorithm that automatically extracts words and phrases containing geographic place names or characteristics from a text document and uses them as input to database functions that use spatial reasoning to approximate statistically the geoposition referenced in the text. Preliminary results and future work are discussed. (28 references)…

Woodruff, Allison Gyle; Plaunt, Christian

1994-01-01

421

Phrase sets for evaluating text entry techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

In evaluations of text entry methods, participants enter phrases of text using a technique of interest while performance data are collected. This paper describes and publishes (via the internet) a collection of 500 phrases for such evaluations. Utility programs are also provided to compute statistical properties of the phrase set, or any other phrase set. The merits of using a

I. Scott MacKenzie; R. William Soukoreff

2003-01-01

422

An Automata Based Text Analysis System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes and implements an automata based text analysis system. We have collected some of the writing samples. Each sample establishes a tree, and uses the ALERGIA algorithm to merge all compatible nodes in order to get a merged stochastic finite automaton. We store these automatons which demonstrate writing style of the sample texts in the hard drive. For

Yue Lu

2009-01-01

423

Texts, Troubled Teens, and Troubling Times  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeking ways to effectively mediate texts with troubled teens in troubling times is worth the investment. Text is a powerful tool for shaping positive life trajectories, especially for those teens being affected by vulnerable-producing conditions that interrupt positive human development. These conditions, coupled with poor literacy skills…

Tatum, Alfred W., Ed.

2009-01-01

424

Using Word Sequences for Text Summarization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional approaches for extractive summarization score\\/classify sentences based on features such as position in the text, word frequency and cue phrases. These features tend to produce satisfactory summaries, but have the inconvenience of being domain dependent. In this paper, we propose to tackle this problem representing the sentences by word sequences (n-grams), a widely used representation in text categorization. The

Esaú Villatoro-tello; Luis Villaseñor Pineda; Manuel Montes-y-gómez

2006-01-01

425

Learning Dialogues To Promote Text Comprehension.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reciprocal teaching is an instructional procedure designed to teach heterogeneous groups of learners, including the educationally disadvantaged, how to approach text in a thoughtful manner. In reciprocal teaching, teachers and students take turns leading discussions about shared text to achieve joint understanding through the application of the…

Palincsar, Annemarie Sullivan; Klenk, Laura J.

426

Frontiers of biomedical text mining: current progress  

PubMed Central

It is now almost 15 years since the publication of the first paper on text mining in the genomics domain, and decades since the first paper on text mining in the medical domain. Enormous progress has been made in the areas of information retrieval, evaluation methodologies and resource construction. Some problems, such as abbreviation-handling, can essentially be considered solved problems, and others, such as identification of gene mentions in text, seem likely to be solved soon. However, a number of problems at the frontiers of biomedical text mining continue to present interesting challenges and opportunities for great improvements and interesting research. In this article we review the current state of the art in biomedical text mining or ‘BioNLP’ in general, focusing primarily on papers published within the past year.

Zweigenbaum, Pierre; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Yu, Hong; Cohen, Kevin B.

2008-01-01

427

The segmented presentation of visually structured texts: Effects on text comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of a segmented presentation applied to a visually structured text were examined in the context of the explosion of small-screen devices. Empirical research investigating the influence of text signaling on text processing suggests that the text visual structure may influence comprehension by facilitating the construction of a coherent text representation. Undergraduate students were asked to read a text

Julie Lemarié; Hélène Eyrolle; Jean-Marie Cellier

2008-01-01

428

Science and Technology Text Mining Basic Concepts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This literature review presents a broad array of techniques that are becoming available to mine textual data. The review initially presents a three- function (i.e., data collection, data warehousing, and data exploitation) text mining architecture consist...

P. Losiewicz D. W. Oard D. N. Kostoff

2003-01-01

429

Locked modes in TEXT-U tokamak.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Locked mode coils for detecting radial magnetic field perturbations B(sub r) were recently constructed and installed on the TEXT-U tokamak. The measured experimental signals showed that both minor and major disruptive instabilities were almost always prec...

A. Vannucci S. C. McCool

1994-01-01

430

Building Fluency through the Phrased Text Lesson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Teaching Tip article explores the importance of phrasing while reading. It also presents an instructional intervention strategy for helping students develop greater proficiency in reading with phrases that reflect the meaning of the text.

Rasinski, Timothy; Yildirim, Kasim; Nageldinger, James

2012-01-01

431

Du texte au texte: Ou l'on dit ce qu'il faut faire (From Text to Text: Where One Is Told What to Do).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of authentic materials drawn from explanatory texts or offering instructions for performing some daily or common task are presented, and classroom activities for building foreign language competence based on the materials are outlined. (MSE)

Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

1991-01-01

432

Science and Technology Text Mining: Structured Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Structured technical papers are full text manuscripts that contain a threshold number of canonical fields. Structured database papers are the database representations of the structured technical papers. They also contain a threshold number of canonical fi...

R. N. Kostoff J. Hartley

2003-01-01

433

Directory of Introductory Psychology Texts in Print  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A list of 147 introductory psychology textbooks and 109 reviews. Publication data and references are provided for each entry. The texts include instructor's manuals, study guides and workbooks, tests, and reading books. (ND)

Johnson, Margo

1977-01-01

434

Reading Machine: From Text to Speech.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A machine with unrestricted vocabulary, that is capable of converting printed text into connected speech in real time, would be extremely useful to blind people. The problems in implementing such a machine are mainly (1) character recognition, (2) convers...

F. F. Lee

1969-01-01

435

Learning from Text: A Cognitive Control Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The studies centered on investigations of differences in text processing strategies associated with differences in the capacity to keep information active in memory (working memory capacity). A series of experiments showed that readers low in working memo...

P. Whitney

1992-01-01

436

Ellogon: A New Text Engineering Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents Ellogon, a multi-lingual, cross-platform, general-purpose text engineering environment. Ellogon was designed in order to aid both researchers in natural language processing, as well as companies that produce language engineering systems for the end-user. Ellogon provides a powerful TIPSTER-based infrastructure for managing, storing and exchanging textual data, embedding and managing text processing components as well as visualising textual

Georgios Petasis; Vangelis Karkaletsis; Georgios Paliouras; Ion Androutsopoulos; Constantine D. Spyropoulos

2002-01-01

437

Domain Specific Text Processing for Speech Synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Text-to-Speech (TTS) synthesis there are words and expressions that pose problems because some semantic knowledge is required to determine how they should be read out. This work implements a domain filter, a pre-processing module that supports the TTS system by analysing text belonging to a certain semantic domain and rewriting problematic expressions so that they are read out better.

Viveka Heyman

2001-01-01

438

Reading Comprehension Student Template: Thinking About Text  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This template is an instructional tool that helps students ask questions, visualize content, and make connections while reading. It was designed for use with nonfiction text and students in grades 2-5. It was designed to be used with the Feature Story, Life on the Ice (Cube), but can be used with other texts as well. It is a PDF that can be copied and distributed to students.

Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa

439

Texts, Authoring and Reading in Medical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Despite William Osler’s referring, over a century ago, to the patient as a ‘text’ and key work since (Daniel 1986, 1990; Leder\\u000a 1990), the notion may be new to some medical educators and needs to be carefully explained and explored. At first sight, the\\u000a word ‘text’ may seem a demeaning or reductive way to describe a patient’s presence, but doctors

Alan Bleakley; John Bligh; Julie Browne

440

Extracting information from free text radiology reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

  \\u000a We describe a system designed to extract and structure the information contained in free text radiology reports. The system\\u000a uses natural language processing techniques to transform free text descriptions into structured information units that can\\u000a be used to index and provide access to image databases. To provide access to the results of the system we developed a unique\\u000a user

David B. Johnson II; Ricky K. Taira; Alfonso F. Cardenas; Denise R. Aberle

1997-01-01

441

Mining Tables from Large Scale HTML Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Table is a very common presentation scheme, but few papers touch on table extraction in text data mining. This paper focuses on mining tables from large-scale HTML texts. Table filtering, recognition, interpretation, and presentation are discussed. Heuristic rules and cell similarities are employed to identify tables. The F-measure of table recognition is 86.50%. We also propose an algorithm to capture

Hsin-Hsi Chen; Shih-Chung Tsai; Jin-He Tsai

2000-01-01

442

N-gram-based text categorization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Text categorization is a fundamental,task in document processing, allowing the automated handling of enormous,streams,of documents,in electronic form. One difficulty in handling some classes of documents is the presence of different kinds of textual errors, such as spelling and grammatical errors in email, and character recognition errors in documents that come,through OCR. Text categorization must work reliably on all input,

W. B. Cavnar; J. M. Trenkle

2002-01-01

443

Chapter 16: Text Mining for Translational Bioinformatics  

PubMed Central

Text mining for translational bioinformatics is a new field with tremendous research potential. It is a subfield of biomedical natural language processing that concerns itself directly with the problem of relating basic biomedical research to clinical practice, and vice versa. Applications of text mining fall both into the category of T1 translational research—translating basic science results into new interventions—and T2 translational research, or translational research for public health. Potential use cases include better phenotyping of research subjects, and pharmacogenomic research. A variety of methods for evaluating text mining applications exist, including corpora, structured test suites, and post hoc judging. Two basic principles of linguistic structure are relevant for building text mining applications. One is that linguistic structure consists of multiple levels. The other is that every level of linguistic structure is characterized by ambiguity. There are two basic approaches to text mining: rule-based, also known as knowledge-based; and machine-learning-based, also known as statistical. Many systems are hybrids of the two approaches. Shared tasks have had a strong effect on the direction of the field. Like all translational bioinformatics software, text mining software for translational bioinformatics can be considered health-critical and should be subject to the strictest standards of quality assurance and software testing.

Cohen, K. Bretonnel; Hunter, Lawrence E.

2013-01-01

444

Ergonomic recommendations when texting on mobile phones.  

PubMed

The aim of this report was to give ergonomic recommendations in order to prevent musculoskeletal symptoms/disorders among young people due to intensive texting on mobile phones. In a study of 56 Swedish young adults (19-25 years, 41 with musculoskeletal symptoms in neck and/or upper extremities and 15 without symptoms) registration of thumb movements with electrogoniometry, muscle activity with electromyography and observation of texting technique were conducted during texting on mobile phones. The results showed differences in physical load between the group with musculoskeletal symptoms and the group without symptoms. There were also found differences in muscle activity and kinematics between different texting techniques. These differences could not be explained by the asymptomatic group having symptoms but may be a possible contribution to their symptoms. According to these results it can be recommended to support the forearms, to use both thumbs, to avoid sitting with the head bent forward and to avoid texting with high velocity in order to prevent musculoskeletal disorders when using mobile phones for texting. PMID:22317659

Gustafsson, Ewa

2012-01-01

445

Memory for Narrative and Expository Text: Independent Influences of Semantic Associations and Text Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined memory for text in terms of the independent influences of semantic knowledge associations and text organization. Semantic associations were operationalized as the semantic relatedness between individual text concepts and the text as a whole and assessed with latent semantic analysis. The author assessed text organization by…

Wolfe, Michael B. W.

2005-01-01

446

How Popular Culture Texts Inform and Shape Students' Discussions of Social Studies Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I examine how 6th-grade students used pop culture texts to inform their understandings about social studies texts and shape their discussions of it. Discussions showed that students used pop culture texts in three ways when talking about social studies texts. First, students applied comprehension strategies to pop culture texts to…

Hall, Leigh A.

2012-01-01

447

Automatic discourse connective detection in biomedical text  

PubMed Central

Objective Relation extraction in biomedical text mining systems has largely focused on identifying clause-level relations, but increasing sophistication demands the recognition of relations at discourse level. A first step in identifying discourse relations involves the detection of discourse connectives: words or phrases used in text to express discourse relations. In this study supervised machine-learning approaches were developed and evaluated for automatically identifying discourse connectives in biomedical text. Materials and Methods Two supervised machine-learning models (support vector machines and conditional random fields) were explored for identifying discourse connectives in biomedical literature. In-domain supervised machine-learning classifiers were trained on the Biomedical Discourse Relation Bank, an annotated corpus of discourse relations over 24 full-text biomedical articles (?112?000 word tokens), a subset of the GENIA corpus. Novel domain adaptation techniques were also explored to leverage the larger open-domain Penn Discourse Treebank (?1 million word tokens). The models were evaluated using the standard evaluation metrics of precision, recall and F1 scores. Results and Conclusion Supervised machine-learning approaches can automatically identify discourse connectives in biomedical text, and the novel domain adaptation techniques yielded the best performance: 0.761 F1 score. A demonstration version of the fully implemented classifier BioConn is available at: http://bioconn.askhermes.org.

Polepalli Ramesh, Balaji; Prasad, Rashmi; Miller, Tim; Harrington, Brian

2012-01-01

448

Extracting text from real-world scenes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many scenes contain significant textual information that can be extremely helpful for understanding and/or navigation. For example, text-based information can frequently be the primary cure used for navigating inside buildings. A subject might first read a marquee, then look for an appropriate hallway and walk along reading door signs and nameplates until the destination is found. Optical character recognition has been studied extensively in recent years, but has been applied almost exclusively to printed documents. As these techniques improve it becomes reasonable to ask whether they can be applied to an arbitrary scene in an attempt to extract text-based information. Before an automated system can be expected to navigate by reading signs, however, the text must first be segmented from the rest of the scene. This paper discusses the feasibility of extracting text from an arbitrary scene and using that information to guide the navigation of a mobile robot. Considered are some simple techniques for first locating text components and then tracking the individual characters to form words and phrases. Results for some sample images are also presented.

Bixler, J. Patrick; Miller, David P.

1989-01-01

449

Applications of text-image editing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The most common approach to processing text which originates as a scanned document image is format conversion, in which procedures such as page segmentation and character recognition are used to convert the scanned text into a structured symbolic description which can be manipulated by a conventional text editor. While this approach is attractive in many respects, there are situations in which complete recognition and format conversion is either unnecessary or very difficult to achieve with sufficient accuracy. This paper presents several applications illustrating an alternative approach to scanned text processing in which document processing operations are performed on image elements extracted from the scanned document image. The central and novel insight is that many document processing operations may be implemented directly by geometrical operations on image blobs, without explicit knowledge of the symbolic character labels (that is, without automatic character recognition). The applications are implemented as part of image EMACS, an editor for binary document images, and include editing multilingual documents, reformatting text to a new column width, differential comparison of two versions of a document, and preprocessing an image prior to character recognition.

Bagley, Steven C.; Kopec, Gary E.

1991-08-01

450

Mining free-text medical records.  

PubMed

Text mining projects can be characterized along four parameters: 1) the demands of the market in terms of target domain and specificity and depth of queries; 2) the volume and quality of text in the target domain; 3) the text mining process requirements; and 4) the quality assurance process that validates the extracted data. In this paper, we provide lessons learned and results from a large-scale commercial project using Natural Language Processing (NLP) for mining the transcriptions of dictated clinical records in a variety of medical specialties. We conclude that the current state-of-the-art in NLP is suitable for mining information of moderate content depth across a diverse collection of medical settings and specialties. PMID:11825190

Heinze, D T; Morsch, M L; Holbrook, J

2001-01-01

451

Function Labeling for Unparsed Chinese Text  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a work of function labeling for unparsed Chinese text. Unlike other attempts that utilize the full parse trees, we propose an effective way to recognize function labels directly based on lexical information, which is easily scalable for languages that lack sufficient parsing resources. Furthermore, we investigate a general method to iteratively simplify a sentence, thus transferring complicated sentence into structurally simple pieces. By means of a sequence learning model with hidden Markov support vector machine, we achieve the best F-measure of 87.40 on the text from Penn Chinese Treebank resources - a statistically significant improvement over the existing Chinese function labeling systems.

Yuan, Caixia; Ren, Fuji; Wang, Xiaojie; Zhong, Yixin

452

Green Chemistry: An Introductory Text (Mike Lancaster)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the unrealistic and irreconcilable choice of either technical or environmental performance still dominating the consumer view, the need for green teaching, green thinking, and green practice is paramount. Replete with extensive and varied examples, detailed analyses, and critical comparisons, this text is an important contribution to the training of future chemists and chemical engineers who will need to work together to plan and conduct syntheses requiring atom economy, energy efficiency, waste minimization, safe reactor design and operation all linked by an overarching environmental ethic. If these laudable goals are ever attained it will be as a consequence of the insightful knowledge and forthright teachings of texts like this one.

Rosan, Alan M.

2003-10-01

453

M68000 RNF text formatter user's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A powerful, flexible text formatting program, RNF, is described. It is designed to automate many of the tedious elements of typing, including breaking a document into pages with titles and page numbers, formatting chapter and section headings, keeping track of page numbers for use in a table of contents, justifying lines by inserting blanks to give an even right margin, and inserting figures and footnotes at appropriate places on the page. The RNF program greatly facilitates both preparing and modifying a document because it allows you to concentrate your efforts on the content of the document instead of its appearance and because it removes the necessity of retyping text that has not changed.

Will, R. W.; Grantham, C.

1985-01-01

454

N-Gram-Based Text Categorization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text categorization is a fundamental task in doc-ument\\u000a processing, allowing the automated handling of enormous\\u000a streams of documents in electronic form. One difficulty in\\u000a handling some classes of documents is the presence of\\u000a different kinds of textual errors, such as spelling and\\u000a grammatical errors in email, and character recognition\\u000a errors in documents that come through OCR. Text\\u000a categorization must work

William B. Cavnar; John M. Trenkle

1994-01-01

455

The text as a critical object  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the reasons why critical discourse analysis (CDA) calls itself critical is because its perspectives of discourse and society are derived largely from critical social theory. Transferring these perspectives to educational contexts requires that teachers develop workable pedagogic frameworks and procedures which apply CDA principles and practices to the reading and discussion of texts in the classroom. If these

John P. Oregan

2006-01-01

456

Identifying word boundaries in handwrittem text  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work on extracting features of gaps in handwritten text allows a classification of these gaps into inter-word and intra-word classes using suitable classification techniques. In the previous work, we apply different supervised classi- fication algorithms from the machine learning field on both the original gap dataset and the gap dataset with the best features selected using mutual information. In

Yi Sun; Timothy S. Butler; Alexander V. Shafarenko; Rod Adams; Martin Loomes; Neil Davey

2004-01-01

457

WordNet-based Text Document Clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text document clustering can greatly simplify browsing large collections of documents by re- organizing them into a smaller number of man- ageable clusters. Algorithms to solve this task exist; however, the algorithms are only as good as the data they work on. Problems include am- biguity and synonymy, the former allowing for erroneous groupings and the latter causing sim- ilarities

Julian Sedding; Dimitar Kazakov

2004-01-01

458

An Introduction to Spoken Baoule. Preliminary Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The material in this text on spoken Baoule (an Akan language of the Niger-Congo group of African languages) is presented in "microwave" format, in a series of short, two-phase cycles. Suggestions to the teacher, a brief explanation of the transcription system used, and a note on tones preface the first section of 15 cycles, which deal with…

Day, Richard R.; Saraka, Albert B.

459

Automatic extraction of angiogenesis bioprocess from text  

PubMed Central

Motivation: Understanding key biological processes (bioprocesses) and their relationships with constituent biological entities and pharmaceutical agents is crucial for drug design and discovery. One way to harvest such information is searching the literature. However, bioprocesses are difficult to capture because they may occur in text in a variety of textual expressions. Moreover, a bioprocess is often composed of a series of bioevents, where a bioevent denotes changes to one or a group of cells involved in the bioprocess. Such bioevents are often used to refer to bioprocesses in text, which current techniques, relying solely on specialized lexicons, struggle to find. Results: This article presents a range of methods for finding bioprocess terms and events. To facilitate the study, we built a gold standard corpus in which terms and events related to angiogenesis, a key biological process of the growth of new blood vessels, were annotated. Statistics of the annotated corpus revealed that over 36% of the text expressions that referred to angiogenesis appeared as events. The proposed methods respectively employed domain-specific vocabularies, a manually annotated corpus and unstructured domain-specific documents. Evaluation results showed that, while a supervised machine-learning model yielded the best precision, recall and F1 scores, the other methods achieved reasonable performance and less cost to develop. Availability: The angiogenesis vocabularies, gold standard corpus, annotation guidelines and software described in this article are available at http://text0.mib.man.ac.uk/~mbassxw2/angiogenesis/ Contact: xinglong.wang@gmail.com

Wang, Xinglong; McKendrick, Iain; Barrett, Ian; Dix, Ian; French, Tim; Tsujii, Jun'ichi; Ananiadou, Sophia

2011-01-01

460

Understanding Machines from Text and Diagrams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Instructional materials typically use both text and diagrams to explain how machines work. In this paper we give an account of what information is involved in understanding a mechanical device and the role that diagrams might play in communicating this in...

M. Hegarty M. A. Just

1987-01-01

461

Text Classification without Labeled Negative Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new solution for the problem of building a text classifier with a small set of labeled positive documents (P) and a large set of unlabeled documents (U). Here, the unlabeled documents are mixed with both of the positive and negative documents. In other words, no document is labeled as negative. This makes the task of building

Gabriel Pui Cheong Fung; Jeffrey Xu Yu; Hongjun Lu; Philip S. Yu

2005-01-01

462

Selecting Full-Text Undergraduate Periodicals Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how libraries and librarians can compare full-text general periodical indices, using ProQuest Direct, Periodical Abstracts (via Ovid), and EBSCOhost as examples. Explores breadth and depth of coverage; manipulation of results (email/download/print); ease of use (searching); and indexing quirks. (AEF)

Still, Julie M.; Kassabian, Vibiana

1999-01-01

463

Geometry, Student's Text, Part II, Unit 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unit 14 in the SMSG secondary school mathematics series is a student text covering the following topics in geometry: areas of polygonal regions, similarity, circles and spheres, characterization of sets, constructions, areas of circles and sectors, volumes of solids, and plane coordinate geometry. Appendices cover Eratosthenes' measurement of the…

Allen, Frank B.; And Others

464

Locating Text in Complex Color Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a substantial interest in retrieving images from a large database using the textual information contained in the images. An algorithm which will au- tomatically locate the textual regions in the input im- age will facilitate this task; the optical character rec- ognizer can then be applied to only those regions of the image which contain text. We present

Yu Zhong; Kalle Karu; K. Jain

1995-01-01

465

Measuring Children's Reading Development Using Leveled Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the main problem with using Informal Reading Inventories (IRIs) for measuring reading growth is that running records and miscue analyses are gathered on variable levels of text that are appropriate for each child. Presents several possible solutions to the measurement problem beyond the simple profile descriptions usually reported from…

Paris, Scott G.

2002-01-01

466

Mining the Web for Bilingual Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

STRAND (Resnik, 1998) is a language- independent system for automatic discovery of text in parallel translation on the World Wide Web. This paper extends the prelim- inary STRAND results by adding automatic language identification, scaling up by orders of magnitude, and formally evaluating perfor- mance. The most recent end-product is an au- tomatically acquired parallel corpus comprising 2491 English-French document

Philip Resnik

1999-01-01

467

Tagging text with a probabilistic model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments on the use of a probabilistic model to tag English text, that is, to assign to each word the correct tag (part of speech) in the context of the sentence, are presented. A simple triclass Markov model is used, and the best way to estimate the parameters of this model, depending on the kind and amount of training data

B. Merialdo

1991-01-01

468

Project Physics Text 6, The Nucleus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuclear physics fundamentals are presented in this sixth unit of the Project Physics text for use by senior high students. Included are discussions of radioactivity, taking into account Bacquerel's discovery, radioactive elements, properties of radiations, radioactive transformations, decay series, and half-lives. Isotopes are analyzed in…

Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

469

Verbal Reports: How Readers Process Unfamiliar Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the use of verbal report strategies, a study was conducted to examine (1) the types of comprehension strategies readers use to process familiar and less familiar texts and (2) the differential use of think aloud strategies by average and below average readers. Subjects were 15 tenth grade male students in upstate New York. Two weeks prior to…

Marr, Mary Beth

470

Visual Elaboration and Comprehension of Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which pictorial presentation would facilitate the comprehension of text-like passages among two populations of fourth-grade students was investigated. Subjects were 64 students each in high-socioeconomic status (SES) white and low-SES black groups. Simple passages amenable to pictorial presentation were read over a programed tape to…

Matz, Robert D.; Rohwer, William D., Jr.

471

Critical reading effort during text revision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study concerns one of the processes involved in written verbal production: text revising. Our aim was to experimentally test the specificity of reading for revision as compared to reading for comprehension, and to determine the cognitive cost of initiating and performing critical-reading processes. A two-session experiment was conducted on students who had to perform a comprehension task and a

Jean-Yves Roussey; Annie Piolat

2008-01-01

472

Text retrieval from early printed books  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a text indexing and retrieval technique that does not rely on word segmentation and is tolerant to errors in character segmentation. The method is designed to process early printed documents and we evaluate it on the well known Latin Gutenberg Bible. The approach relies on two main components. First, character objects (in most cases corresponding to individual characters)

Simone Marinai

2009-01-01

473

Text Memorisation in Chinese Foreign Language Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In China, a widespread learning practice for foreign languages are reading, reciting and memorising texts. This book investigates this practice against a background of Confucian heritage learning and western attitudes towards memorising, particularly audio-lingual approaches to language teaching and later largely negative attitudes. The author…

Yu, Xia

2012-01-01

474

Noticing and Text-Based Chat  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the capacity of text-based online chat to promote learners' noticing of their problematic language productions and of the interactional feedback from their interlocutors. In this study, twelve ESL learners formed six mixed-proficiency dyads. The same dyads worked on two spot-the-difference tasks, one via online chat and the…

Lai, Chun; Zhao, Yong

2006-01-01

475

Modeling and managing changes in text databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large amounts of (often valuable) information are stored in web-accessible text databases. “Metasearchers” provide unified interfaces to query multiple such databases at once. For efficiency, metasearchers rely on succinct statistical summaries of the database contents to select the best databases for each query. So far, database selection research has largely assumed that databases are static, so the associated statistical summaries

Panagiotis G. Ipeirotis; Alexandros Ntoulas; Junghoo Cho; Luis Gravano

2007-01-01

476

Modeling and Managing Changes in Text Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large amounts of (often valuable) information are stored in web-accessible text databases. ``Metasearchers'' provide unified interfaces to query multiple such databases at once. For efficiency, metasearchers rely on succinct statistical summaries of the database contents to select the best databases for each query. So far, database selection research has largely assumed that databases are static, so the associated statistical summaries

Panagiotis G. Ipeirotis; Alexandros Ntoulas; Junghoo Cho; Luis Gravano

2006-01-01

477

Computer supported conceptual change text: Fluid pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conceptual Change Text (CCT) is a technique, started with a situation about common misconceptions. Students are asked to predict what will happen at the situation. Then general misconceptions are stated and the wrong parts of these misconceptions are explained. New and scientifically correct knowledge about the topic is presented with examples in the CCT material. At the end the situations

Çi?dem ?ahin; Hava ?pek; Salih Çepni

2010-01-01

478

Identification of syntactic ambiguities in Pashto text  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural languages are inherently ambiguous. For a machine translation system, it is an essential task to resolve the ambiguities in the source language. Before resolution of ambiguities, their identification is an essential task. This research paper is about the classification and identification of syntactic ambiguities in Pashto text. Here, the identification is based on the parse trees build by the

Muhammad Bilal; Mohammad Abid Khan; Rahman Ali

2009-01-01

479

Extracting Molecular Binding Relationships from Biomedical Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

ARBITER is a Prolog program that extracts assertions about macromolecular binding relationships from biomedical text. We de- scribe the domain knowledge and the under- specified linguistic analyses that support the identification of these predications. After discussing a formal evaluation of ARBITER, we report on its application to 491,000 MEDLINE ~ abstracts, during which almost 25,000 binding relationships suitable for entry

Thomas C. Rindflesch; Jayant V. Rajan; Lawrence Hunter

2000-01-01

480

Relations between Adolescents' Text Processing and Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines adolescents' learning about a historical issue from multiple information sources. Adolescents read 2 contradictory texts explaining the Fall of Rome and thought out loud after each sentence. After reading, a series of questions probed their understanding and ability to reason with the information. Think-aloud protocols were…

Wolfe, Michael B. W.; Goldman, Susan R.

2005-01-01

481

Mining Texts in Reading to Write.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a set of strategies for connecting reading and writing, placing the discussion in the context of other pedagogical approaches designed to exploit the relationship between reading and writing. Explores ways in which students employ the strategies involved in "mining" a text--reconstructing context, inferring or imposing structure, and…

Greene, Stuart

1992-01-01

482

The Basilisk: A Chorti (Mayan) Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chorti, a Mayan language spoken in eastern Guatemala, is analyzed in this paper on the basis of a story text provided by an adult native speaker. A phonological description of Chorti is presented for background information; syllables, suprasegmentals, pause groups, articulation, and phonological rules are all considered. The author presents the…

Fought, John

483

Improving Text Recall with Multiple Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background. QuikScan (QS) is an innovative design that aims to improve accessibility, comprehensibility, and subsequent recall of expository text by means of frequent within-document summaries that are formatted as numbered list items. The numbers in the QS summaries correspond to numbers placed in the body of the document where the summarized…

van der Meij, Hans; van der Meij, Jan

2012-01-01

484

A Survey on Automatic Text Summarization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing availability of online information has necessitated intensive research in the area of automatic text summarization within the Natural Lan- guage Processing (NLP) community. Over the past half a century, the prob- lem has been addressed from many dierent perspectives, in varying domains and using various paradigms. This survey intends to investigate some of the most relevant approaches both

Dipanjan Das Andr; F. T. Martins

2008-01-01

485

"Generic" Multiculturalism: Hybrid Texts, Cultural Contexts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that issues of generic hybridity embody multicultural literature while promoting another kind of multiculturalism that reflects the current debates about literary canons in general and the field of American literature in particular. Considers how a reading of texts that relies on all of their component parts allows literature to perform a…

Behling, Laura L.

2003-01-01

486

Nigel: A Systemic Grammar for Text Generation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Programming a computer to write text which meets a prior need is a challenging research task. As part of such research, Nigel, a large programmed grammar of English, has been created in the framework of systemic linguistics begun by Halliday. In addition ...

W. C. Mann, C. M.I.M. Matthiessen

1983-01-01

487

Multiword Vocabulary in Japanese ESL Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe our analysis of vocabulary across three sets of Japanese ESL texts. We focus upon frequency analysis of individual words and multiword sequences (n-grams), giving cross comparisons of 2, 3 and 4-gram multiword sequences. In addition, we consider the degree of emphasis on multiword vocabulary that is evident in each textbook corpus. This is derived from

George R S Weir; Toshiaki Ozasa

2008-01-01

488

Improving competitive analysis with temporal text visualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a visualization method for texts produced by a company's competitors, partners, or customers. This method can be used for competitive intelligence purposes, and in particular, for spotting changes over time in a company's communication. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on the judgments of expert readers, topics considered to be important in the

Camilla Magnusson

2010-01-01

489

Inverted files for text search engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology underlying text search engines has advanced dramatically in the past decade. The development of a family of new index representations has led to a wide range of innovations in index storage, index construction, and query evaluation. While some of these developments have been consolidated in textbooks, many specific techniques are not widely known or the textbook descriptions are

Justin Zobel; Alistair Moffat

2006-01-01

490

Distinguishing Word Senses in Untagged Text  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an experimental com- parison of three unsupervised learning al- gorithms that distinguish the sense of an ambiguous word in untagged text. The methods described in this paper, McQuitty's similarity analysis, Ward's minimum-variance method, and the EM algorithm, assign each instance of an am- biguous word to a known sense definition based solely on the values of automatically

Ted Pedersen; Rebecca F. Bruce

1997-01-01

491

Database Citation in Full Text Biomedical Articles  

PubMed Central

Molecular biology and literature databases represent essential infrastructure for life science research. Effective integration of these data resources requires that there are structured cross-references at the level of individual articles and biological records. Here, we describe the current patterns of how database entries are cited in research articles, based on analysis of the full text Open Access articles available from Europe PMC. Focusing on citation of entries in the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA), UniProt and Protein Data Bank, Europe (PDBe), we demonstrate that text mining doubles the number of structured annotations of database record citations supplied in journal articles by publishers. Many thousands of new literature-database relationships are found by text mining, since these relationships are also not present in the set of articles cited by database records. We recommend that structured annotation of database records in articles is extended to other databases, such as ArrayExpress and Pfam, entries from which are also cited widely in the literature. The very high precision and high-throughput of this text-mining pipeline makes this activity possible both accurately and at low cost, which will allow the development of new integrated data services.

Kafkas, Senay; Kim, Jee-Hyub; McEntyre, Johanna R.

2013-01-01

492

Project Physics Text 4, Light and Electromagnetism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Optical and electromagnetic fundamentals are presented in this fourth unit of the Project Physics text for use by senior high students. Development of the wave theory in the first half of the 19th Century is described to deal with optical problems at the early stage. Following explanations of electric charges and forces, field concepts are…

Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Physics.

493

Electric Circuit Theory--Computer Illustrated Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of a computer-illustrated text (CIT) with integrated software to teach electric circuit theory to college students. Examples of software use are given, including simple animation, graphical displays, and problem-solving programs. Issues affecting electric circuit theory instruction are also addressed, including mathematical…

Riches, Brian

1990-01-01

494

Thresholding Video Images for Text Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thresholding video images is very challenging due to the fact that image background generally has low resolution and is also more complicated and highly distorted than document images. As a result, thresholding methods that work well for document images may not work effectively for video images in some applications. This paper investigates the issue of thresholding video images for text

Eliza Yingzi Du; Chein-i Chang; P. D. Thouin

2002-01-01

495

Text detection in personal image collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel text detection technique for the application of image annotation in databases of consumer pictures and videos. Images are annotated using information only from the picture itself, as a regular consumer would do. We present results using the challenging public ICDAR2003 dataset and show that our algorithm is competitive with respect to state- of-the-art. I. INTRODUCTION Digital

C. X. C. Tran; R. G. J. Wijnhoven

2011-01-01

496

A Scheme for Text Analysis Using Fortran.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using string-manipulation algorithms, FORTRAN computer programs were designed for analysis of written material. The programs measure length of a text and its complexity in terms of the average length of words and sentences, map the occurrences of keywords or phrases, calculate word frequency distribution and certain indicators of style. Trials of…

Koether, Mary E.; Coke, Esther U.

497

INTRODUCTORY URDU. VOLUME II (TEXTS AND GLOSSARY).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS SECOND VOLUME OF A TWO-SEMESTER COURSE IN BEGINNING URDU CONTAINS VARIOUS TYPES OF TEXTS FOR READING--(1) FOUR BRIEF CONVERSATIONS DESIGNED TO SERVE AS MODEL LESSONS, WITH FULL GRAMMATICAL DISCUSSIONS, (2) TWENTY-SIX SHORT PROSE PIECES, FROM TEXTBOOKS, NEWSPAPERS, AND STANDARD ESSAYS, (3) TWO SELECTIONS EACH FROM THE KORAN AND THE BIBLE IN…

NAIM, C.M.; AND OTHERS

498

Reading Authentic Texts: What Counts as Cognate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most research on cognates has focused on words presented in isolation that are easily defined as cognate between L1 and L2. In contrast, this study investigates what counts as cognate in authentic texts and how such cognates are read. Participants with L1 Danish read news articles in their highly proficient L2, English, while their eye-movements…

Balling, Laura Winther

2013-01-01

499

Evaluating Cross-Language Text Filtering Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe an evaluation methodology for cross-language text filtering systems whichexploits existing test collections that were designed for monolingual evaluations. Our methodology, basedon normative relevance assessments by expert users, is well suited for comparing the effect of differentcross-language mapping techniques on filtering accuracy. By measuring the degradation introduced bythe use of existing test collections, we are able

Douglas W. Oard; Bonnie J. Dorr

1996-01-01

500

Automatic Performance Evaluation for Video Text Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an objective, comprehensive and difficulty-independent performance evaluation protocol for video text detection algorithms. The protocol includes a positive set and a negative set of indices at textbox level, which evaluate the detection quality in terms of both location accuracy and fragmentation of the detected textboxes. In the protocol, we assign a detection difficulty (DD) level

Xian-sheng Hua; Liu Wenyin; Hong-Jiang Zhang

2001-01-01