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1

E-Mail Bounce Management Using Text Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Direct marketers assign the communication channel e-mail an increasing importance, evolving a marketer's collection of customer e-mail addresses to an asset of important business value in order to provide customers the right offer at the right point in time. Besides the design and content of an e-mail campaign the e-mail-transportation process is of critical importance to really reach your potential

Lukas Grieser; Hajo Hippner; Klaus D. Wilde

2009-01-01

2

Exploring Potential Use of Internet, E-mail, and Instant Text Messaging to Promote Breast Health and Mammogram Use among Immigrant Hispanic Women in Los Angeles County.  

PubMed

Breast cancer is now the leading cause of death in Hispanic women (HW). Internet, e-mail, and instant text messaging may be cost-effective in educating HW about breast health and in reducing breast cancer mortality. We surveyed 905 HW women attending a free health fair about their technology use, acculturation, insurance status, mammography use, and breast cancer knowledge. Data were analyzed by t test or ?(2) tests. Mean age was 51.9 ± 14.2 years (range, 18 to 88 years). Ninety-two per cent were foreign-born. Most had completed some high school (39%) or elementary (38%) education. Most (62%) were uninsured. The majority spoke (67%) and read (66%) only Spanish. Only 60 per cent of HW older than 40 years had a recent mammogram. HW older than 40 years who had not had a recent mammogram were younger (mean 54.9 ± 10.8 vs 58 ± 10.4 years) and less likely to have health insurance (25 vs 44%; P < 0.001). Most HW never use the Internet (58%) or e-mail (64%). However, 70 per cent have mobile phones (66% older than 40 years), and 65 per cent use text messaging daily (58% older than 40 years, P = 0.001). In fact, 45 per cent wish to receive a mammogram reminder by text. Text messaging may be an inexpensive way to promote breast health and screening mammography use among uninsured HW. PMID:24160786

Dang, Catherine M; Estrada, Sylvia; Bresee, Catherine; Phillips, Edward H

2013-10-01

3

Did You Get My E-Mail? Moving E-Mails beyond the Inbox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge today is how to make e-mail and other forms of electronic communication effective in motivating volunteer action. Is it possible to make e-mails feel personal and welcoming? E-mail, instant messaging, texting, and social media are tools that allow individuals to communicate quickly and inexpensively, but they are lifeless without the…

Ellis, Susan J.

2011-01-01

4

E-Mail and Ethical Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The proliferation of the use of e-mail and texting has created some ethical dilemmas for family counselors. Although e-mail can expand and encourage communication, it is not problem free and, in fact, can pose problems. There are issues with privacy, confidentiality, and maintaining an appropriate professional relationship. Family counselors…

Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret

2009-01-01

5

Is e-mail addictive?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thirtieth anniversary of the first e-mail was celebrated recently, but no one knows the exact date or what the original message was. This lack of certainty is typical of research on e-mail – there is now a substantial body of knowledge, but little attempt has been made to co-ordinate it. This article looks at the origins and features of

Ralph Adam

2002-01-01

6

Business E-mail: Guidelines for Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents guidelines to help businesspeople and business students become more effective and efficient in the use of e-mail. Includes the authors' experiences as instructors in diverse business schools and corporate settings. Notes that the guidelines cover: recognizing the nature of e-mail; composing e-mail; and processing and managing e-mail.…

Munter, Mary; Rogers, Priscilla S.; Rymer, Jone

2003-01-01

7

Keeping E-Mail in Top Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the fact that e-mail has been firmly entrenched in offices and homes for some time, debate still rages online about e-mail usage and style. How should and e-mail message begin and end? If replying to a message, should the message be quoted before or after? What tone should be taken with a business e-mail? The author talked with some heavy…

Goldsborough, Reid

2005-01-01

8

Keeping E-Mail in Top Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the fact that e-mail has been firmly entrenched in offices and homes for some time, debate still rages online about e-mail usage and style. How should and e-mail message begin and end? If replying to a message, should the message be quoted before or after? What tone should be taken with a business e-mail? The author talked with some heavy…

Goldsborough, Reid

2005-01-01

9

Senior Citizens Who Use E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increases in the aging population and use of computer-related technology have spawned research regarding older adults' use of the Internet. This study examined characteristics differentiating rural Midwestern senior citizens (N = 298) who use e-mail from those who do not. Compared to those who did not use e-mail, e-mail-using seniors were younger…

Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Edelbaum, Jessica K.; Ryan, Joseph J.

2007-01-01

10

E-mail viruses: how organizations can protect their e-mails  

Microsoft Academic Search

An e-mail virus is an e-mail that can infect other programs by modifying them to include a replication of itself. When the infected e-mails are opened, the e-mail virus spreads itself to others. Today's society has seen a dramatic increase in the use of e-mails. As a result, organizations must take even more precautions to guard against the introduction of

Dong-her Shih; Hsiu-sen Chiang

2004-01-01

11

E-Mail Research: Targeting the Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research program at IBM's® Collaborative User Experience (CUE) group supports an e-mail system used by millions of people. We present three lessons learned from working with real-world enterprise e-mail solutions. First, a prag- matic, system-level approach reveals that e-mail programs are generally used id- iosyncratically, often for many different goals at once. This fact has strong impli- cations for

Martin Wattenberg; Steven L. Rohall; Daniel Gruen; Bernard Kerr

2005-01-01

12

Monitoring of employee e-mail traffic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal precedence has been set for employer monitoring of Internet use and both company and personal employee e-mail. Monitoring by both companies and Internet service providers is common. Company e-mail is archived, can be accessed for years after creation and can be subpoenaed. The company has liabilities if it allows illegal activities, harassment, or discrimination. There are many commercially available

Leo A. Mallette

2004-01-01

13

E-Mail Communication with First Graders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study investigated the following questions: (1) How quickly can first graders master basic e-mailing skills? (2) Does communicating through the Internet and e-mail provide motivation or incentive for children to read or write? (3) Will children write with specific conventions due to having an identifiable audience to whom they are…

Michaels, Elizabeth A.

14

E-mail netiquette for the medical practice employee: 50 do's and don'ts.  

PubMed

E-mail has at one and the same time become a primary communication tool for many medical practice employees and a source of untold frustration, misunderstandings, and stress. This article provides a total of 50 rules (25 do's and 25 don'ts) for e-mail netiquette to help medical practice employees use e-mail more effectively. It offers suggestions about the optimal format of e-mails, tips for writing concise e-mail texts, and guidance about the most pressing e-mail privacy and confidentiality concerns. Medical practice employees can use the practical tips presented in this article to help them save time and use their medical practices' e-mail system more productively and effectively. This article also offers suggestions for creating and using a medical practice e-mail disclaimer statement. It describes the six legal threats a disclaimer statement can prevent and the typical content for such disclaimers. Finally, this article includes guidance about creating and implementing a medical practice e-mail policy and provides an outline of typical e-mail policy content. PMID:22111286

Hills, Laura

15

Language and Gender Author Cohort Analysis of E-mail for Computer Forensics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an investigation of authorship gender and lan- guage background cohort attribution mining from e-mail text documents. We used an extended set of predominantly topic content-free e-mail document features such as style markers, structural characteristics and gender-preferential language features together with a Support Vector Machine learning algorithm. Experiments using a corpus of e-mail doc- uments generated by a large

Olivier de Vel; Malcolm Corney; Alison Anderson; George Mohay

2002-01-01

16

Enter your e-mail address: how German Internet users manage their e-mail addresses.  

PubMed

Writing E-mail is the most popular Internet activity. Meanwhile, many people have more than one E-mail address. The question how people manage their E-mail addresses, more specifically, whether they use them deliberately for different purposes, is the central question of this paper. E-mail addresses vary in the amount of identifying information they convey (e.g., name, gender, status). It is proposed that the amount of identifying information an email address contains is a predictor of usage for a specific purpose. However, it is assumed that not all people choose email addresses in a rational way, according to the optimal fit between amount of identifying information and purpose of the E-mail. Thus, the role of other factors is tested as well. An online survey on German Internet users showed that it is common to have more than one E-mail address. Especially free webmail addresses (freemail) are extremely popular. People used more anonymous E-mail addresses when they expected spam or were concerned about privacy. However, there were also interindividual differences in the management of E-mail addresses. PMID:15140366

Utz, Sonja

2004-04-01

17

E-Mail in the Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of Internet users is still growing and the Internet has become a powerful medium through which learning and communication occur. Hoffman and Novak (1996) pointed out that a significant portion of business communication would occur over the Web. In fact, the Internet and its user-friendly counterpart, the electronic emal (e-mail), have been gradually adopted as educational media in

Maxwell K. Hsu; Xueming Luo

18

E-mail: a new management parameter.  

PubMed

E-mail is an increasingly common way to share information within business communities and the general population. This technology can significantly affect the process of and expectations for communications between the clinician and the patient. The unique characteristics and attributes of computer-based communications can ultimately enhance outcomes for patient well-being if the clinician is informed, proactive, and avoids certain potential pitfalls related to the technology and its inclusion within the pattern of care. In this article the author considers the impact of E-mail on personal and professional life and includes ideas the reader may find of value in managing and orchestrating this new dimension for communications. PMID:12167935

Day, J

2001-05-15

19

E-mail, decisional styles, and rest breaks.  

PubMed

E-mail is a common but problematic work application. A scale was created to measure tendencies to use e-mail to take breaks (e-breaking); and self-esteem and decisional style (vigilance, procrastination, buck-passing, hypervigilance) were used to predict the self-reported and actual e-mail behaviors of 133 participants (students and marketing employees). Individuals who were low in defensive avoidance (buck-passing) engaged in more e-mailing per week, both in time spent on e-mail and message volume. E-breakers were more likely to engage in behavioral procrastination and spent more time on personal e-mail. PMID:17927540

Baker, James R; Phillips, James G

2007-10-01

20

A Neural Network Classifier for Junk E-Mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most e-mail readers spend a non-trivial amount of time regularly deleting junk e-mail (spam) mes- sages, even as an expanding volume of such e-mail occupies server storage space and consumes network bandwidth. An ongoing challenge, therefore, rests within the development and refinement of automatic clas- sifiers that can distinguish legitimate e-mail from spam. A few published studies have examined spam

Ian Stuart; Sung-hyuk Cha; Charles C. Tappert

2004-01-01

21

An Experimental Peer-to-Peer E-mail System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Conventional e-mail systems are prone to problems that affect their dependability. E-mail systems operate following a “push-based” approach: the sender side server pushes the e-mails it wants to send to the corresponding receivers’ servers. This approach may impose processing and storage overhead on the receiver side. This paper presents a peer- to-peer e-mail system in which messages are sent

Edson Kageyama; Carlos Maziero; Altair Olivo Santin

2008-01-01

22

Towards an integrated e-mail forensic analysis framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to its simple and inherently vulnerable nature, e-mail communication is abused for numerous illegitimate purposes. E-mail spamming, phishing, drug trafficking, cyber bullying, racial vilification, child pornography, and sexual harassment are some common e-mail mediated cyber crimes. Presently, there is no adequate proactive mechanism for securing e-mail systems. In this context, forensic analysis plays a major role by examining suspected

Rachid Hadjidj; Mourad Debbabi; Hakim Lounis; Farkhund Iqbal; Adam Szporer; Djamel Benredjem

2009-01-01

23

The Traveler's Guide to E-mail Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents options that travelers can use to keep in e-mail contact. Discusses equipment/access issues related to traveling with a laptop; Internet cafes; free e-mail services; accessing home mail via a Web page; and new options e-mail access for travelers. Includes Internet resources on Internet access providers. (AEF)|

Clyde, Anne

1999-01-01

24

Using information extraction and natural language generation to answer e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the use of information extraction (IE) and natural language generation (NLG) in the design of an automated e-mail answering system. We analyse short free-form texts and generate a customised and linguistically motivated answer to frequently asked questions. We describe the approach and the design of a system currently being developed to answer e-mail in French regarding printer-related

Leila Kosseim; Stéphane Beauregard; Guy Lapalme

2001-01-01

25

Using Information Extraction and Natural Language Generation to Answer E-Mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the use of information extraction and natural language generation in the design of an automated e-mail answering system. We analyse short free-form texts and generating a customised and linguistically-motivated answer to frequently asked questions. We describe the approach and the design of a system currently being developed to answer e-mail in French regarding printer- related questions addressed

Leila Kosseim; Stéphane Beauregard; Guy Lapalme

2000-01-01

26

Understanding relationships among teleworkers' e-mail usage, e-mail richness perceptions, and e-mail productivity perceptions under a software engineering environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to investigate the use of e-mail and its implications under a telework environment for distributed software engineering. For this, the relative strength between a social influence and individual attributes in affecting teleworkers' e-mail use was studied. Management support was used as the representative social influence, and age, status, and ease of use represented individual attributes. An

Kunihiko Higa; Olivia R. Liu Sheng; Bongsik Shin; Aurelio Jose Figueredo

2000-01-01

27

SELS: a secure e-mail list service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exchange of private information content among a large number of users via E-mail List Services is becoming increasingly common. In this paper we address security requirements in that setting and develop a new protocol, SELS (a Secure E-mail List Service) that provides confidentiality, integrity, and authentication for e-mails exchanged via lists. In addition, SELS also protects against the use of

Himanshu Khurana; Adam J. Slagell; Rafael Bonilla

2005-01-01

28

E-mail interviewing in qualitative research: A methodological discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes findings from studies that employed electronic mail (e-mail) for conducting in- depth interviewing. It discusses the benefits of, and the challenges associated with, using e-mail interviewing in qualitative research. The article concludes that while a mixed mode interviewing strategy should be considered when possible, e-mail interviewing can be in many cases a viable alternative to face-to-face and

Lokman I. Meho

2006-01-01

29

E-Mail Reference: Improving Service by Working Cooperatively  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-mail reference service provides complex challenges, but the service can be planned effectively and improved through cooperative work among reference staff and various library departments. Staff members from the Michigan State University Libraries have engaged in extensive cooperative work to evaluate, improve, and maintain effective e-mail reference services. Two library committees and an e-mail reference team have developed new service

Sharon Ladenson

2004-01-01

30

Active E-mail system protocols monitoring algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-mail systems are some of the most admired Internet-based applications today. They enable users to send and receive e-mail messages between each other both from inside and outside the local area network. The simple mail transfer protocol (SMTP) is a transportation protocol used to transfer Email messages over the Internet. When the e-mail server sends email messages among each other

R. Sureswaran; Hussein Al Bazar; O. Abouabdalla; Ahmed M. Manasrah

2009-01-01

31

Seven Habits of Highly Successful Enterprise E-Mail Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of regulatory oversight and privacy concerns, the exponential growth in the amount of e-mail, the lack of e-mail discipline by employees, and the ubiquity of e-mail as a primary communications mechanism have created new risks for companies and businesses of every size. It is not only the disgruntled worker companies should be worried about; it's likely their star

Jim Vandermeer

2006-01-01

32

If you monitor e-mail, have a policy.  

PubMed

As the use of e-mail has increased, so has employer monitoring of e-mail messages. But what a health care employer deems its right to protect a vast amount of confidential patient information from improper use, employees may view as a privacy violation. If employees are violating a health care organization's confidentiality or other workplace policies, the health care provider can be held liable for their actions and the e-mail communication could be the proverbial smoking gun. Health care institutions that monitor employee e-mail must have a monitoring policy in place and communicate it to employees. PMID:10159635

Van Doren, J A

1996-09-01

33

The USA PATRIOT Act: Implications for Private E-Mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the USA PATRIOT Act was enacted to “enhance domestic security.” One of the means to accomplish this was to give law enforcement increased authority for the surveillance, interception, and disclosure of private e-mails. The USA PATRIOT Act negated several of the privacy protections afforded private e-mail under the Electronic

Tina Ebenger

2008-01-01

34

A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

2011-01-01

35

Characteristics of Parent-Teacher E-Mail Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past decade, the use of computer-mediated communication such as e-mail has reportedly increased the level of parental involvement and parent-teacher communication at the elementary and secondary level. However, research has not yet examined the characteristics of parent-teacher e-mail communication. Thirty parent and 30 teacher interviews…

Thompson, Blair

2008-01-01

36

Private E-Mail Requests and the Diffusion of Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of e-mail technology and requesting information from multiple sources simultaneously focuses on an experiment demonstrating that addressing e-mails simultaneously to multiple recipients may actually reduce the number of helpful responses. Discusses diffusion of responsibility and implications for the application of social cueing theory…

Barron, Greg; Yechiam, Eldad

2002-01-01

37

Moving from U.S. Mail to E-Mail.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The increasing use of computer technology for sending and receiving electronic mail messages not only signifies changes in how we communicate, but also signals changes in the skills, knowledge, and practices associated with communication by mail. Some of the characteristics of electronic mail (e-mail) are considered. E-mail refers to the capacity…

Ruberg, Laurie F.; Miller, Mary G.

38

E-mail: Boon or Bane for School Leaders?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article, by a principal who received over 17,000 e-mails in his first year on the job, explores ways in which email is reshaping education leadership. The main assets of e-mail--swift and efficient communication, more informed decision making through improved consultation with stakeholders, and automatic archiving of correspondence--come at…

Glendinning, Matt

2006-01-01

39

Teacher Talk on E-Mail. Current Conversations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A high school and a university teacher converse via e-mail concerning their cooperative project in electronic literacy. The conversation highlights the frustrations of system crashes, student successes and failures, and the beginning of one teacher's dissertation. References to technology include experiences with e-mail, an LCD panel, and closed…

Whitaker, Elaine; Hill, Elaine

1996-01-01

40

E-Mails Reveal Federal Reach Over Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports how an "Education Week" review of hundreds of e-mail exchanges that detail a pattern of federal interference in "Reading First" have skirted legal prohibitions. In regular e-mail discussions, Christopher J. Doherty, the Reading First director at the U.S. Department of Education until last September, and G. Reid Lyon, a branch…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

2007-01-01

41

A Microprocessor ASCII Character Buffering System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A microprocessor buffering system (MBS) was developed at the Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory -Cincinnati (EMSL-CI) to provide an efficient transfer for serial ASCII information between intelligent instrument systema and a Data General NOVA...

J. M. Teuschler R. A. Jollis J. E. Kopke

1982-01-01

42

Learning to Improve E-mail Classification with numéro interactive  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes some of the ways in which we use artificial intelligence technologies in numéro interactive, a Customer Interaction Management system. In particular, we focus on the classification of e-mail messages into one of multiple business categories. We describe different features that are extracted from e-mail messages to help in this classification, and the improvement in the overall classification accuracy that results from the use of each kind of feature.

Jones, Dean M.

43

On-Campus E-Mail for Communicative Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents some pilot projects using on-campus e-mail to teach communicative English writing to Japanese junior college students. The purpose of this case study is to find how on-campus e-mail can be effectively implemented in order to motivate students to write more communicatively in English. The projects have been carried out in three stages; (1) a preparation period, (2)

Mariko MIYAO

44

The Educational Impact of E-Mail: Extraverted versus Introverted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students (N=151) completed surveys assessing the relationship between e-mail use and extraversion. The variables studied included time spent on e-mail; the frequency of e-mail usage; and the purposes e-mail served for each student. The results suggest that extraverts use e-mail as a form of procrastination more than introverts, and that…

Kunderewicz, Larisa; Michener, Stacey; Chambliss, Catherine

45

63 FR 69005 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; E-Mail/ Internet Addresses on Contracts and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Acquisition Regulation Supplement; E-Mail/ Internet Addresses on Contracts and...contracting officers must include an e-mail/Internet address, when available...to add the contracting officer's e-mail/Internet address to the...

1998-12-15

46

An Efficient E-mail Monitoring System for Detecting Proprietary Information Outflow Using Broad Concept Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The automatic text categorization (ATC) is an emerging field that is technically based on the machine learning and information\\u000a retrieval. Traditional machine learning usually builds a model that captures the behavior of the ‘concept’ from the training\\u000a instances. Following this context, the ATC learns the concept from text data such as digital text documents, web pages, or\\u000a e-mail texts. In

Byungyeon Hwang; Bogju Lee

2003-01-01

47

E-Mail from Professor Enhances Student Motivation and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traditionally, professors use the first day of class to build rapport. However, current technology allows professors to contact students prior to the first day of class. This study assessed how the receipt of a welcoming e-mail from a female professor 1 week before the first day of class affected student motivation and attitudes toward the…

Legg, Angela M.; Wilson, Janie H.

2009-01-01

48

College Students' Gender Differences regarding E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One hundred and forty-five undergraduate students at a large southwestern university completed a questionnaire designed to assess college students' computer-mediated communication behaviors. Findings revealed that males and females have different perceptions and usages concerning their computer-mediated communication behaviors when e-mailing and…

Punyanunt-Carter, Narissra M.; Hemby, Charles O.

2006-01-01

49

Colleges Get out of E-Mail Business  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frantic troubleshooting by an overworked staff versus someone else fixing problems smoothly. A sliver of server space per person versus a five-gigabyte chunk. Half a million dollars versus free. That's what colleges are faced with as they decide whether to continue running their own e-mail services or outsource them to a professional service like…

Carnevale, Dan

2008-01-01

50

E-mail, terrorism, and the right to privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses privacy and the monitoring of e-mail in the context of the international nature of the modern world. Its three main aims are: (1) to highlight the problems involved in discussing an essentially philosophical question within a legal framework, and thus to show that providing purely legal answers to an ethical question is an inadequate approach to the

Stephen Coleman

2006-01-01

51

Sampling Methods for Web and E-mail Surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter is a comprehensive overview of sampling methods for web and e-mail ('Internet- based') surveys. It reviews the various types of sampling method - both probability and non- probability - and examines their applicability to Internet-based surveys. Issues related to Internet- based survey sampling are discussed, including dif- ficulties assembling sampling frames for probability sampling, coverage issues, and nonresponse

Ronald D. F ricker

52

Using E?Mail Listservs to Promote Environmentally Sustainable Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a social marketing campaign that encouraged individuals to adopt environmentally sustainable behaviors such as purchasing green power, installing energy?efficient lights, and checking tire pressure and refrigerator efficiency. An e?mail campaign was developed using the social marketing tools of commitment, prompting, and social norms. The results suggest that electronic listservs, which leverage social networks, can be a viable

Nancy Artz; Peter Cooke

2007-01-01

53

Enterprise security perimeter — E-mail server protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, a problem of data protection is the main research object of numerous companies and scientists. E­ mail gateway always will be one of the main components of security perimeter. It helps to protect the internal network from the large varieties of hacker's attacks such as phishing and social engineering. In our previous research we have developed concept and prototype

Nikita Skabcovs; Alexey Latkov

2011-01-01

54

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using E-Mail as Instructional Aid: Some Random Thoughts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the educational benefits and limitations of e-mail as an instructional aid to classroom-based teaching. It looks at practical ideas of how e-mail has been used to aid classroom instruction, and highlights and examines each usage of e-mail in terms of its effects on classroom teaching. E-mail systems have been used for…

Xu, Gong-Li

55

SEGY to ASCII: Conversion and Plotting Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report documents a computer program to convert standard 4 byte, IBM floating point SEGY files to ASCII xyz format. The program then optionally plots the seismic data using the GMT plotting package. The material for this publication is contained in a standard tar file (of99-126.tar) that is uncompressed and 726 K in size. It can be downloaded by any Unix machine. Move the tar file to the directory you wish to use it in, then type 'tar xvf of99-126.tar' The archive files (and diskette) contain a NOTE file, a README file, a version-history file, source code, a makefile for easy compilation, and an ASCII version of the documentation. The archive files (and diskette) also contain example test files, including a typical SEGY file along with the resulting ASCII xyz and postscript files. Requirements for compiling the source code into an executable are a C++ compiler. The program has been successfully compiled using Gnu's g++ version 2.8.1, and use of other compilers may require modifications to the existing source code. The g++ compiler is a free, high quality C++ compiler and may be downloaded from the ftp site: ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu Requirements for plotting the seismic data is the existence of the GMT plotting package. The GMT plotting package may be downloaded from the web site: http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/gmt/

Goldman, Mark R.

1999-01-01

56

Testing for telepathy in connection with e-mails.  

PubMed

This study investigated possible telepathic communication in connection with e-mails. On each trial, there were four potential e-mailers, one of whom was selected at random by the experimenter. One minute before a prearranged time at which the e-mail was to be sent, the participant guessed who would send it. 50 participants (29 women and 21 men) were recruited through an employment web site. Of 552 trials, 235 (43%) guesses were hits, significantly above the chance expectation of 25%. Further tests with 5 participants (4 women, 1 man, ages 16 to 29) were videotaped continuously. On the filmed trials, the 64 hits of 137 (47%) were significantly above chance. PMID:16491679

Sheldrake, Rupert; Smart, Pamela

2005-12-01

57

Editor's Roundtable: Stop avoiding your e-mails!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Don't expect the online "innovation" to go away--email communication is here to stay, and it is your responsibility as an educational professional to respond to them, and even use them to your advantage. This month's Editor's Roundtable column discusses the upsides to the effective use of e-mail to communicate with parents, students, and administrators. In additon, it provides some helpful guidelines for you to follow.

Robert A. Liftig, Edd -.

2007-03-01

58

E-mail May Not Reflect The Social Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to demonstrate that ties obtained by mining e-mails archives do not necessarily provide a complete and realistic approximation of interactions by other communication media. The results of our project indicate that factors such as co-location and the nature of working relationships influence the preference for face-to-face interactions and chat. Peers who are co-located and who are working

Francesca Grippa; Antonio Zilli; Robert Laubacher; Peter A. Gloor

59

Report on Climate Change E-mails Exonerates Scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new report commissioned by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has largely exonerated climate scientists from the university's Climatic Research Unit (CRU) who wrote a number of controversial e-mail messages that were made public without authorization in November 2009. Critics have argued that the e-mails indicate that scientists had tampered with scientific data—including data related to land station temperatures and temperature reconstructions from tree ring analysis—subverted the peer review process, misused the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) process, and withheld data from critics. At a 7 July news conference to release the “Independent climate change e-mails review,” report chair Muir Russell said, “Climate science is a matter of such global importance that the highest standards of honesty, rigor, and openness are needed in its conduct. On the specific allegations made against the behavior of CRU scientists, we find that their rigor and honesty as scientists are not in doubt.” He continued, “In addition, we do not find that their behavior has prejudiced the balance of advice given to policy makers. In particular, we did not find any evidence of behavior that might undermine the conclusions of the IPCC assessments.” Russell is chair of the Judicial Appointments Board for Scotland and formerly was principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Glasgow, in Scotland.

Showstack, Randy

2010-07-01

60

Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications" by Robert H. Anderson, Tora K. Bikson, Sally Ann Law, and Bridger M. Mitchell; 1995; Rand Corporation; 267 pages, 24 tables, 18 figures; bibliography, is available for downloading from Rand Corporation's Web site. "This is the final report of a two-year RAND study. It is designed as a sourcebook on key social, technical, economic, and international issues related to providing universal access to e-mail within the United States. It is our hope that this report will help stimulate public policy discussions regarding the feasibility, desirability, and implications of universal e-mail access. Decision makers involved with such public policy issues are the primary audience for this report, but it should also be of interest to academic and business professionals involved with telecommunications policy and its social implications." The report is available in both HTML and .PDF (Adobe Acrobat) format. A free Acrobat Reader download site is available from the page.

Anderson, Robert H.; Bikson, Tora K.; Law, Sally A.; Mitchell, Bridger M.

1995-01-01

61

An AIS-Based E-mail Classification Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes a new e-mail classification method based on the Artificial Immune System (AIS), which is endowed with good diversity and self-adaptive ability by using the immune learning, immune memory, and immune recognition. In our method, the features of spam and non-spam extracted from the training sets are combined together, and the number of false positives (non-spam messages that are incorrectly classified as spam) can be reduced. The experimental results demonstrate that this method is effective in reducing the false rate.

Qing, Jinjian; Mao, Ruilong; Bie, Rongfang; Gao, Xiao-Zhi

62

THE POTENTIAL FOR MISCOMMUNICATION USING E-MAIL AS A SOURCE OF COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction1.1. Significance of the StudyOur culture, once based on physical contact, is being transformed to one in which most interactionsrequire no face-to-face contact. (Igbaria, 1999) People have begun favoring e-mail over phone callssince e-mail is not as intrusive, i.e., e-mail does not demand an immediate response. "It is estimated thatin the 21stcentury, more people will correspond through e-mail than by

Vicki P. Rainey

63

Understanding the "Other Side": Intercultural learning in a Spanish-English E-Mail Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews recent research on intercultural learning and reports on a yearlong e-mail exchange between Spanish and English second year university students. Identifies key characteristics of e-mail exchanges that helped to develop learners' intercultural communicative competence. Outlines elements of e-mail messages that may enable students to…

O'Dowd, Robert

2003-01-01

64

The Development of E-Mail Literacy: From Writing to Peers to Writing to Authority Figures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Though e-mail has become a common interpersonal communication medium, it does not mean that this medium is used without difficulty. While people can write e-mails to peers in any manner they like, writing e-mails to authority figures requires higher pragmatic competence and critical language awareness of how discourse shapes and reflects power…

Chen, Chi-Fen Emily

2006-01-01

65

Comparing Response Rates in E-Mail and Paper Surveys: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This meta-analysis examined 35 study results within last 10 years that directly compared the response rates of e-mail versus mail surveys. Individual studies reported inconsistent findings concerning the response rate difference between e-mail and mail surveys, but e-mail surveys generally have lower response rate (about 20% lower on the average)…

Shih, Tse-Hua; Fan, Xitao

2009-01-01

66

You've Got Mail!: Understanding How E-Mail Works  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conceptually, e-mail is not a whole lot different from regular postal mail ("snail mail"), except that it is much faster. E-mail requires three things: (1) a personal computer; (2) a telephone or communication line; and (3) an Internet provider (e-mail service account). This article provides details on how it works--plus some research activities…

Roman, Harry T.

2007-01-01

67

An Investigation of the Use of E-Mail as a Supplemental Modality for Clinical Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors investigated the use of student-initiated e-mail as a supplemental modality for supervision. Nineteen students e-mailed their instructors weekly during their 15-week practicum: these e-mails were analyzed across 3 time periods using the categories of the discrimination model (J. M. Bernard, 1979, 1997) and an adaptation of W.…

Clingerman, Tamara L.; Bernard, Janine M.

2004-01-01

68

Comparing Response Rates in E-Mail and Paper Surveys: A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analysis examined 35 study results within last 10 years that directly compared the response rates of e-mail versus mail surveys. Individual studies reported inconsistent findings concerning the response rate difference between e-mail and mail surveys, but e-mail surveys generally have lower response rate (about 20% lower on the average)…

Shih, Tse-Hua; Fan, Xitao

2009-01-01

69

73 FR 58536 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines AGENCY: U.S. and Foreign...Card at the bottom of all employees' e-mail messages to enable clients to submit...tagline would encourage recipients of the e-mail to click the Comment Card link...

2008-10-07

70

73 FR 57322 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Comment Card for E-mail Taglines AGENCY: U.S. and Foreign...Card at the bottom of all employees' e-mail messages to enable clients to submit...tagline would encourage recipients of the e-mail to click the Comment Card link...

2008-10-02

71

69 FR 4263 - Label For E-mail Messages Containing Sexually Oriented Material  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 316 RIN 3084-AA96 Label For E-mail Messages Containing Sexually Oriented...in commercial electronic mail (``e-mail'') that includes sexually oriented...included in or associated with commercial e-mail that contains sexually oriented...

2004-01-29

72

73 FR 22343 - South Atlantic Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings; Modification of E-mail Addresses  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Meetings; Modification of E-mail Addresses AGENCY: National Marine...Commerce. ACTION: Modification of e-mail addresses published in the document...at 5 p.m. on May 16, 2008. The e-mail addresses for comments regarding...

2008-04-25

73

SEGY to ASCII Conversion and Plotting Program 2.0  

USGS Publications Warehouse

INTRODUCTION SEGY has long been a standard format for storing seismic data and header information. Almost every seismic processing package can read and write seismic data in SEGY format. In the data processing world, however, ASCII format is the 'universal' standard format. Very few general-purpose plotting or computation programs will accept data in SEGY format. The software presented in this report, referred to as SEGY to ASCII (SAC), converts seismic data written in SEGY format (Barry et al., 1975) to an ASCII data file, and then creates a postscript file of the seismic data using a general plotting package (GMT, Wessel and Smith, 1995). The resulting postscript file may be plotted by any standard postscript plotting program. There are two versions of SAC: one version for plotting a SEGY file that contains a single gather, such as a stacked CDP or migrated section, and a second version for plotting multiple gathers from a SEGY file containing more than one gather, such as a collection of shot gathers. Note that if a SEGY file has multiple gathers, then each gather must have the same number of traces per gather, and each trace must have the same sample interval and number of samples per trace. SAC will read several common standards of SEGY data, including SEGY files with sample values written in either IBM or IEEE floating-point format. In addition, utility programs are present to convert non-standard Seismic Unix (.sux) SEGY files and PASSCAL (.rsy) SEGY files to standard SEGY files. SAC allows complete user control over all plotting parameters including label size and font, tick mark intervals, trace scaling, and the inclusion of a title and descriptive text. SAC shell scripts create a postscript image of the seismic data in vector rather than bitmap format, using GMT's pswiggle command. Although this can produce a very large postscript file, the image quality is generally superior to that of a bitmap image, and commercial programs such as Adobe Illustrator? can manipulate the image more efficiently.

Goldman, Mark R.

2005-01-01

74

A Framework for Employee E-mail Privacy Within the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employers and employees continue to be highly vulnerable to negative consequences that may result from e-mail privacy intrusions. Given their potentially differing perceptions, there is a need to understand the privacy issues associated with e-mail use. This article first reviews the U.S. legal system to reveal the lack of e-mail privacy protection. A framework is presented to identify the potential

Janice C. Sipior; Burke T. Ward

2009-01-01

75

E-mail Recordkeeping Methods and Behaviours of New Zealand Central Government Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government agencies are becoming increasingly dependent on e-mail systems as communication and information transfer tools. Many e-mail messages contain information vital to the business of government, and therefore organisations need to manage the messages in accordance with managerial, legal, and democratic requirements. On a daily basis, government employees send and receive numerous e-mails and, on behalf of their organisations, make

Miriam Lips; Anita Rapson; Tony Hooper

76

Certified E-Mail Protocol in the ID-Based Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

ID-based public key cryptosystem can be a good alternative for certificate-based public key setting, especially when efficient\\u000a key management and moderate security are required. Certified e-mail protocols provide for fair exchange in which the intended\\u000a recipient gets the e-mail content if and only if the mail originator receives an irrefutable receipt for the e-mail. In this\\u000a paper we present an

Chunxiang Gu; Yuefei Zhu; Yonghui Zheng

2007-01-01

77

E-mail authorship mining based on SVM for computer forensic  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe our work which attempts to mine e-mail authorship for the purpose of computer forensic. We extract various e-mail document features including linguistic features, header features and structural characteristics. These features together are used with the support vector machine learning algorithm to classify or attribute authorship of e-mail messages to an author. The primary experiments on a number of

Gui-Fa Teng; Mao-Sheng Lai; Jian-Bin Ma; Ying Li

2004-01-01

78

Journey to nowhere? E-mail customer service by travel agents in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory research used Diffusion of Innovations (Rogers, Diffusion of Innovations, 4th Edition, The Free Press, New York, 1995) to examine and benchmark organisational use of the simplest and most prevalent Internet technology, e-mail. The answers, by 200 Singaporean travel agencies, to a mock customer's e-mail reflect poor e-mail customer service. This study found odds of one in four of

Jamie Murphy; Irene Tan

2003-01-01

79

A Conceptual Framework for Unsolicited Commercial E-mail: Perceived Intrusiveness and Privacy Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

While e-mail remains a popular advertising medium for marketers, consumers' privacy concerns about the medium have become a serious issue. In this study, an online survey examined how two aspects of privacy—perceived intrusiveness and psychological reactance—influenced consumers' attitudes toward unsolicited commercial e-mail and marketing in general. The results indicate that the more intrusive an individual perceives an e-mail, the stronger

Mariko Morimoto; Wendy Macias

2009-01-01

80

The selection of instant messaging or e-mail: College students' perspective for computer communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Instant messaging and e-mail are popular communication methods on college campuses. However, students' perceptions of the two technologies vary greatly. This study seeks to investigate the differences between instant messaging and e-mail. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey was given to 545 college students. Findings – Instant messaging is perceived as offering many advantages over e-mail including conveying emotions, building

Sean Lancaster; David C. Yen; Albert H. Huang; Shin-yuan Hung

2007-01-01

81

The Effect of Spam and Privacy Concerns on E-mail Users' Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to examine the effects of both spam and the resulting lack of privacy on users' behavior with respect to e-mail usage. This study reveals that spam e-mail triggers concerns about privacy and in turn, these privacy concerns influence the way users cope with spam or junk mails. Upon receiving spam e-mail, users predominantly exhibit two different behavioral

Insu Park; R. Sharman; H. Raghav Rao; S. Upadhyaya

82

Linguistic characteristics of ESL writing in task-based e-mail activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the efficacy of integrating task-based e-mail activities into a process-oriented ESL writing class. In particular, it examined the linguistic characteristics of 132 pieces of e-mail writing by ESL students in tasks that differed in terms of purpose, audience interaction and task structure. The analysis focused on the linguistic features of the students' e-mail writing at different levels,

Yili Li

2000-01-01

83

Five-Star Treatment? E-Mail Customer Service by International Luxury Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research used a typical e-mail query to investigate customer service by 491 properties from 13 international hotel chains. These five-star hotels had difficulty providing prompt, accurate, and timely e-mail responses to their customers. The results suggest significant differences in e-mail customer service, based on hotel location and the size of the hotel chain. The poor responsiveness and quality by

Roland Schegg; Jamie Murphy; Richard Leuenberger

2003-01-01

84

E-Mail Molecules—Individualizing the Large Lecture Class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All students in the organic chemistry class are assigned a unique set of nine molecules to report on as optional extra credit assignments. The molecules are taken from a list containing over 200 molecules on the class Web site; they represent an assortment of biologically relevant compounds, from acetaminophen to yohimbine. Once a week, students may submit information about one of the molecules for two points extra credit (where the course includes a total of over 600 points from traditional quizzes and exams). The information requested about the molecules varies slightly each term as student expertise grows, for example, molecular formula, hybridizations, functional groups, or number of stereocenters, but always includes biological relevance and sources of information. Initially students submitted data directly to the instructor by e-mail, but submissions now are handled by a Web-based course management system (WebCT). The goal is to give students individualized assignments that are relatively realistic in light of their future careers in health sciences. Nearly all of the students do some of the molecules, and many students do all of them. About 30 40% of the students who do the assignments regularly gain a grade benefit. Student responses to the exercise have been positive.

Wamser, Carl C.

2003-11-01

85

E-mail access to NetCME: implementation of server push paradigm.  

PubMed

We describe the implementation of a Continuing Medical Education project which utilizes e-mail delivery of HTML documents to facilitate participant access to case material. HTML e-mail is displayed directly within the e-mail reader of the Netscape browser. This system of proactive educational content delivery ensures simultaneous distribution to all participants. Although a more effective method of content distribution, the system preserves user confidentiality and maintains security. HTML e-mail is non-proprietary and could be integrated into existing Internet-based educational projects to facilitate user access. PMID:9357714

McEnery, K W; Grossman, J E

1997-01-01

86

Interactive E-mail journals: a model for providing psychotherapeutic interventions using the internet.  

PubMed

The communication medium of the Internet affords psychologists an unprecedented opportunity to provide psychological services to populations who might not ordinarily present to the mental health system but who may nevertheless benefit from psychological intervention. Because the Internet is primarily a medium of the written word, one of the difficulties in providing online psychological services is developing models appropriate to text-only delivery. This article discusses a model for providing online psychological interventions based on the similarity of E-mail composition to traditional journal writing. Two different approaches to interactive online journaling, the Intensive Journal method developed by Progoff and dream journaling, are examined regarding their possible application to delivery within the text-based medium of the Internet. PMID:19178238

Childress, C A

1999-01-01

87

Assignment's assessment and management of university students via e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-mail is a means of online teaching that has prospered recently in universities. There is a short term background of using Email for assignments’ management and assessment. In this study, I investigated different dimensions of E- mail applicability and usefulness for assessing assignments and its strengths and weaknesses among new students. With this intention, I based my case study on

Mostafa Ghaderi

2011-01-01

88

Legal and policy issues associated with monitoring employee E-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the legal issues involved with employer monitoring of employee e-mail. In addition to identifying pertinent legal issues, the paper provides guidelines that will help the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) establish a program for monitoring outgoing e-mail to insure compliance with company policies, particularly those regarding protection of trade secrets and proprietary information, and to comply with

M. A. Segura; A. C. Rither

1997-01-01

89

One Good Turn Deserves Another: Sustaining an Intercultural E-Mail Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructors rely on asynchronous exchanges to provide learners with authentic input and opportunities to communicate in the TL. While most practitioners recognize the advantages of e-mail exchanges, learner benefits are not an automatic byproduct of participation in an exchange. This paper presents findings from an e-mail exchange carried out…

Schueller, Jeanne

2007-01-01

90

Communication Topics and Strategies in E-Mail Consultation: Comparison between American and International University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On today's "wired" college campuses, students avail themselves in increasing numbers of electronic channels, most notably e-mail, as a means to consult with their professors. While some research has investigated the purposes for which university students communicate with their instructors via e-mail, little research has examined differences in…

Biesenbach-Lucas, Sigrun

2005-01-01

91

Alumni Relationships in the Electronic Age: An Assessment of a Permission Based E-Mail Campaign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|E-mail is seen as an inexpensive, fast way to communicate with university constituencies, especially alumni. The next logical stage for the use of this Internet technology is the development and evaluation of permission based e-mail (PBE) campaigns. In this paper, we directly examine recipient evaluation of PBE in the context of a university…

Moore, Robert S.; McLaughlin, Caragh E.

2007-01-01

92

Location Is Everything: The Use and Marketing of Reference E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reference e-mail continues to be a vital reference service. This article studies the trends in reference e-mail use over an eight year period. Usage statistics are analyzed particularly in light of the marketing of the service via changes in the location of the service on the official university libraries' Web pages. Included are recommendations…

Collins, Susan L.

2006-01-01

93

Districts Weigh Benefits and Drawbacks of Setting Up Student E-Mail Accounts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some school districts hoping to improve communication and student engagement in learning are taking a step many educators still view warily: providing students with their own e-mail accounts. However, making e-mail a regular part of students' school lives raises a host of concerns about inappropriate use. In addition, many teachers doubt that the…

Ash, Katie

2008-01-01

94

Reducing the Damage Done by E-Mail in Our Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|E-mail is a tool that can vastly increase the efficiency and productivity of school leaders. It can enable them to better orchestrate school operations and so improve student learning. But administrators must remain wary of the effect that extensive e-mail communication can have on the school community, and they need to work to promote a healthy…

Glendinning, Matt

2007-01-01

95

"My Heart Want to Say Something": Exploring ELL Vocabulary Use through E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on one high school English-language-learner's (ELL) breadth and depth of vocabulary as he communicated with his teacher through e-mail across geographic boundaries for over 18 months. Design/methodology/approach: The authors began by separating 358 e-mails into three time periods (first beginning,…

Hwang, Sung-on; Piazza, Carolyn L.; Pierce, Michael J.; Bryce, Sara M.

2011-01-01

96

Ars Dictaminis Perverted: The Personal Solicitation E-Mail as a Genre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Phishing e-mails deceive individuals into giving out personal information which may then be utilized for identity theft. One particular type, the Personal Solicitation E-mail (PSE) mimics personal letters--modern perversions of "ars dictaminis" (the classical art of letter writing). In this article, I determine and discuss 19 appeals common to…

Ross, Derek G.

2009-01-01

97

14 CFR 1206.601 - Mail, fax and e-mail requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mail, fax and e-mail requests. 1206.601 Section 1206.601 Aeronautics...THE PUBLIC Procedures § 1206.601 Mail, fax and e-mail requests. In view of the time limits under 5...

2010-01-01

98

14 CFR 1206.601 - Mail, fax and e-mail requests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Mail, fax and e-mail requests. 1206.601 Section 1206.601 Aeronautics...THE PUBLIC Procedures § 1206.601 Mail, fax and e-mail requests. In view of the time limits under 5...

2009-01-01

99

A College Course on E-Mail (Electronic Mail) and BBS (Bulletin Board Systems).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The E-Mail (electronic mail) and BBS (electronic bulletin board systems) Course at Thomas Nelson Community College, in Hampton, Virginia is designed to provide an introduction to e-mail and BBS systems, as well as information on the installation, operation, and administration of such systems. This document describes the class and provides…

Hahn, Norman P.

100

Changing Cultural Stereotypes through E-Mail Assisted Foreign Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the question of how cultural stereotypes are formed, modified, dismissed or reinforced, drawing on findings from a collaborative intercultural e-mail project between Hong Kong learners of Japanese at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and native Japanese speakers at Kagoshima University. It also evaluates role of e-mail

Itakura, Hiroko

2004-01-01

101

The Most Preferred Free E-mail Service Used by Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the most preferred free web based e-mail used by students in the technology departments of the Near East University (Departments CIS, CEIT and COM.ENG), and also to find out which technical characteristics affect the participants when making a decision for the choice of an e-mail service. The volunteer…

Cavus, Nadire; Bicen, Huseyin

2009-01-01

102

Discourse Strategies in Professional E-Mail Negotiation: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e-mail communication which covers a period of three months,…

Jensen, Astrid

2009-01-01

103

Cultural differences in E-mail use of virtual teams: a critical social theory perspective.  

PubMed

This paper provides a perspective on cultural differences in e-mail use of virtual teams from the critical social theory (CST) point of view. CST can be used as a qualitative methodology in information systems research. Among CST concepts, Habermas' theory of communicative action is applied here for the purpose of drawing a plausible explanation for the phenomenon of cultural differences between East Asian countries and the West in the use of e-mail in virtual teams. East Asian countries such as Korea and Japan, which are heavily influenced by the Confucius tradition of emphasizing respect for the social order in all forms of social communication activity, including e-mail, provide different type of patterns of e-mail use in management of virtual teams compared to Western countries such as the United States. Not only can CST provide adequate theoretical support for the claim that e-mail use can be varied due to cultural difference when it is used to manage virtual teams, but it can also identify cultural codes such as respect for seniors as a part of the complete information package that can be illuminated during the use of e-mail, by using a CST concept called "critical reflection." A real-life example of the experience of a Korean firm's virtual team in the use of e-mail is analyzed in order to illustrate the CST perspective on cultural differences in the use of e-mail for virtual teams. PMID:12123245

Lee, Ook

2002-06-01

104

E-Mail "Booktalking": Engaging Developmental Readers with Authors and Others in the Academic Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines effect of use of e-mail by college developmental reading students to respond to literature. Provides a detailed view of the nature of the students' engagement. Shows that using quality literature, e-mail, and authentic audiences engaged many students in academic discourse. (RS)

Sinagra, Marsha D.; Battle, Jennifer; Nicholson, Sheila A.

1998-01-01

105

Con Artists Attack Colleges with Fake Help-Desk E-Mail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An e-mail scam has hit tens of thousands of users at dozens of colleges over the past few weeks, leaving network administrators scrambling to respond before campus computer accounts are taken over by spammers. Students, professors, and staff members at the affected colleges received e-mail messages that purported to come from the colleges' help…

Young, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

106

16 CFR 1130.8 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail registration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...2010) § 1130.8 Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail...registration page. The manufacturer's Web site, or other Web site established...

2010-01-01

107

A study to find out the preferred free e-mail services used by university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate the free e-mail usage of students in the technology departments of the university, and also to learn which free e-mail service the participants prefer. The volunteer participants in this study consisted of 150 undergraduate students attending the Near East University in Northern Cyprus. 50 students from Department of Computer Information Systems (CIS),

Nadire Cavus; Hüseyin Bicen

2009-01-01

108

Outcomes of an Intercultural E-Mail Based University Discussion Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article investigates the development of intercultural awareness in an electronic mail (e-mail) discussion project between Hungarian learners of English and American speakers. Students discussed topics relating to cultures, languages, and pedagogical issues. The e-mails were analyzed in terms of language skill improvement, apprehensiveness…

Furcsa, Laura

2009-01-01

109

An IT Manager's View on E-Mail and Internet Policies and Procedures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|E-mail is mandatory tool of communications any business to survive in the 21st century. It is imperative that Information technology (IT) managers monitor and make sure that the e-mail systems are used properly. In order to organize a systematic process for proper use of email an administrator must have an input into the development of…

Desai, Mayur S.; Hart, Jeff; Richards, Thomas C.

2009-01-01

110

Empirically Derived Multimedia Design Guidelines for Browsing Large Volumes of E-Mail Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces multimedia design guidelines for browsing large volumes of e-mail data. These software design guidelines derived from two sets of experiments under a prototype version of a multimedia e-mail tool. The experiments tested various forms of audio- visual communication metaphors. For example, the audi- tory stimuli consisted of musical sounds (earcons), com- positional sounds, environmental sounds (auditory icons),

Dimitris Rigas

2003-01-01

111

Chris Pierce and the Yankee Donut Company: An E-Mail-Based Management Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors describe an e-mail-based simulation that helps students experience the fast-paced, complex world of the middle manager. In this electronic in-basket exercise, students assume the role of a district manager in a doughnut company as they respond to a rapid series of high- and low-priority e-mails ostensibly sent from…

Greenberg, Danna N.; Rollag, Keith

2005-01-01

112

Social Work Practice in the Digital Age: Therapeutic E-Mail as a Direct Practice Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author addresses the risks and benefits of incorporating therapeutic e-mail communication into clinical social work practice. Consumer demand for online clinical services is growing faster than the professional response. E-mail, when used as an adjunct to traditional meetings with clients, offers distinct advantages and risks. Benefits…

Mattison, Marian

2012-01-01

113

Development of an E-mail Application Seemit and its Utilization in an Information Literacy Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a simple e-mail application named Seemit which is designed for being used in information literacy courses. It has necessary and sufficient functionality of an e-mail application, and it has been developed for the purpose of learning basic operations and mechanisms of e-mail transfer easily. It is equipped with the function to automatically set the configuration of user's SMTP/POP servers and e-mail address, etc. The process of transferring e-mail via SMTP and POP can be demonstrated step by step showing actual messages passed during the client-server interaction. We have utilized Seemit in a university-wide information literacy course which holds about 1800 students.

Kita, Toshihiro; Miyazaki, Makoto; Nakano, Hiroshi; Sugitani, Kenichi; Akiyama, Hidenori

114

Internet administered guided self-help versus individualized e-mail therapy: A randomized trial of two versions of CBT for major depression.  

PubMed

Internet-delivered psychological treatment of major depression has been investigated in several trials, but the role of personalized treatment is less investigated. Studies suggest that guidance is important and that automated computerized programmes without therapist support are less effective. Individualized e-mail therapy for depression has not been studied in a controlled trial. Eighty-eight individuals with major depression were randomized to two different forms of Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), or to a waiting-list control group. One form of Internet treatment consisted of guided self-help, with weekly modules and homework assignments. Standard CBT components were presented and brief support was provided during the treatment. The other group received e-mail therapy, which was tailored and did not use the self-help texts i.e., all e-mails were written for the unique patient. Both treatments lasted for 8 weeks. In the guided self-help 93% completed (27/29) and in the e-mail therapy 96% (29/30) completed the posttreatment assessment. Results showed significant symptom reductions in both treatment groups with moderate to large effect sizes. At posttreatment 34.5% of the guided self-help group and 30% of the e-mail therapy group reached the criteria of high-end-state functioning (Beck Depression Inventory score below 9). At six-month follow-up the corresponding figures were 47.4% and 43.3%. Overall, the difference between guided self-help and e-mail therapy was small, but in favour of the latter. These findings indicate that both guided self-help and individualized e-mail therapy can be effective. PMID:20152960

Vernmark, Kristofer; Lenndin, Jan; Bjärehed, Jonas; Carlsson, Mattias; Karlsson, Johan; Oberg, Jörgen; Carlbring, Per; Eriksson, Thomas; Andersson, Gerhard

2010-02-02

115

43 CFR 2.6 - Will the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for routinely available information...the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for routinely available...

2010-10-01

116

43 CFR 2.6 - Will the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for routinely available information...the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for routinely available...

2009-10-01

117

Legal and policy issues associated with monitoring employee E-mail.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the legal issues involved with employer monitoring of employee e-mail. In addition to identifying pertinent legal issues, the paper provides guidelines that will help the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) establish a program...

M. A. Segura A. C. Rither

1997-01-01

118

Chat, E-Mail, Web, and Chat Room Slang and Acronyms  

MedlinePLUS

... and Acronyms Family Life Listen Chat, E-Mail, Web, and Chat Room Slang and Acronyms Article Body ... btw BeTWeen you and me ... chat room A web page where people gather using software that allows ...

119

A survey of patient–provider e-mail communication: what do patients think?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication between patients and providers forms the backbone of the patient–provider relationship. Often such communication is strained due to time and space limitations on the part of both patients and providers. Many healthcare organizations are developing secure e-mail communication facilities to allow patients to exchange e-mail messages with their providers. Providers are worried that opening such lines of communication will

Dean F. Sittig; Stephen King; Brian L. Hazlehurst

2001-01-01

120

You've Got Trouble!Managin E-mail Liability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of e-mail as one of the principal means of workplace communication creates for employers a variety of legal problems because of these three typical e-mail-system features: broadcasting capabilities, perpetual retention, and susceptibility to abuse. Those features can give rise to such legal concerns and challenges as (1) preserving the confidentiality of company information, (2) protecting attorney-client communications between

juline E. Mills; Joan Marie Clay; Mark Mortensen

2000-01-01

121

Monitoring Employee E-Mail And Internet Usage: Avoiding The Omniscient Electronic Sweatshops: Insights From Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been written about the widespread abusive practice of e-mail and Internet surveillance by employers in the American workplace. At present, U.S. employees in the private workplace have no constitutional, common law or statutory protection against abusive e-mail monitoring practices. In effect, American workers wave goodbye to their right to privacy as soon as they log onto their workplace

Michael Rustad; Sandra R Paulsson

2005-01-01

122

ELDERLY AMERICANS AND THE INTERNET: E-MAIL, TV NEWS, INFORMATION AND ENTERTAINMENT WEBSITES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Older Americans, like other groups, vary in their use of the Internet. The participants for this study—elderly computer users from a Midwestern mid-size sample—used e-mail and considered it the most important Internet function. It was common for them to use e-mail with family and friends on a regular, if not daily, basis. When this group of older people did surf

Michael L. Hilt; Jeremy H. Lipschultz

2004-01-01

123

An ID-Based Certified E-mail Protocol Suitable for Wireless Mobile Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certified e-mail protocol is a fair exchange of a message for a receipt between two potentially mistrusting parties over the network. A number of certified e-mail protocols have been studied in recent years. However, most of those protocols employ certificate-based cryptography and full trusted third party, which may not be suitable for wireless networks with limited resources such as power,

Caifen Wang; Caihui Lan; Shufen Niu; Xiaojun Cao

2011-01-01

124

Using Viral E-mails to Distribute Tobacco Control Advertisements: An Experimental Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors' objective was to conduct a trial of viral e-mail marketing as a distribution method for tobacco control advertisements. University students (n = 200) in the state of Western Australia were randomly allocated to receive 1 of 2 e-mails with hyperlinks to tobacco control advertisements (“Toilet” and “Rubbish”) emphasizing the disgusting nature of smoking. Recipients followed a hyperlink to a Web

Owen B. J. Carter; Robert Donovan; Geoffrey Jalleh

2011-01-01

125

Elderly Americans and the Internet: E-Mail, TV News, Information and Entertainment Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Older Americans, like other groups, vary in their use of the Internet. The participants for this study-elderly computer users from a Midwestern mid-size sample-used e-mail and considered it the most important Internet function. It was common for them to use e-mail with family and friends on a regular, if not daily, basis. When this group of older…

Hilt, Michael L.; Lipschultz, Jeremy H.

2004-01-01

126

Elderly Americans and the Internet: E-Mail, TV News, Information and Entertainment Websites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Older Americans, like other groups, vary in their use of the Internet. The participants for this study--elderly computer users from a Midwestern mid-size sample--used e-mail and considered it the most important Internet function. It was common for them to use e-mail with family and friends on a regular, if not daily, basis. When this group of…

Hilt, Michael L.; Lipschultz, Jeremy H.

2004-01-01

127

47 CFR 68.417 - Informal complaints; form and content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...facsimile transmission, telephone (voice/TRS/TTY), Internet e-mail, ASCII text, audio-cassette recording, and Braille...facsimile transmission, telephone (voice/TRS/TTY), Internet e-mail, ASCII text, audio-cassette recording,...

2011-10-01

128

47 CFR 68.417 - Informal complaints; form and content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...transmission, telephone (voice/TRS/TTY), Internet e-mail, ASCII text, audio-cassette recording, and Braille...transmission, telephone (voice/TRS/TTY), Internet e-mail, ASCII text, audio-cassette recording,...

2012-10-01

129

47 CFR 6.17 - Informal complaints; form and content.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...transmission, telephone (voice/TRS/TTY), Internet e-mail, ASCII text, audio-cassette recording, and braille...transmission, telephone (voice/TRS/TTY), Internet e-mail, ASCII text, audio-cassette recording, braille;...

2012-10-01

130

Exploring Students' Use of E-Mail for Out-of-Class Communication: Frequency, Satisfaction, and Learning Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors assessed students' use of e-mail for out-of-class communication (OCC) and its impact on satisfaction and learning self-efficacy. Findings showed that students and instructors use e-mail frequently for OCC, and frequency of use is positively associated with student satisfaction with e-mail as an OCC medium. Moreover, the content of…

Zhao, Q.; Ahn, S.; Meyers, R. A.; Timmerman, C. E.; Fonner, K. L.

2012-01-01

131

The Messages They Send: E-Mail Use by Adolescents with and without a History of Specific Language Impairment (SLI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Contemporary adolescents use e-mail for a variety of purposes, including peer communication and education. Research into these uses has focused on typically developing individuals; much less is known about the use of e-mail by exceptional youth. Aims: The present study examined the structure and form of e-mail messages sent by…

Conti-Ramsden, Gina; Durkin, Kevin; Walker, Allan J.

2012-01-01

132

68 FR 16522 - Guidance for Industry: How to Use E-mail to Submit a Protocol; Availability  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry: How to Use E-mail to Submit a Protocol; Availability... 107) entitled ``How to Use E-mail to Submit a Protocol.'' This guidance describes how sponsors can use e-mail to submit protocols for studies...

2003-04-04

133

64 FR 38675 - Availability of New E-mail Service for Government-Owned Inventions Available for Licensing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institutes of Health Availability of New E-mail Service for Government-Owned Inventions...announce the availability of a new e-mail service concerning government-owned...opportunities. OTT has initiated a Techbrief e-mail list service to inform...

1999-07-19

134

73 FR 30456 - Administrative Changes: NRC Region IV Address Change and Phone Number and E-mail Address Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Address Change and Phone Number and E-mail Address Changes AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...and to update a telephone number and e-mail address for the Office of Information...20555-0001, telephone 301-415-5661, e-mail...

2008-05-28

135

68 FR 1358 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; FedBizOpps Notice on Charging for E-mail...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FedBizOpps Notice on Charging for E-mail Notification Service; Proposed Rule...FedBizOpps Notice on Charging for E-mail Notification Service AGENCY: Office...charge subscribers to the value-added e-mail notification service of Federal...

2003-01-09

136

Social work practice in the digital age: therapeutic e-mail as a direct practice methodology.  

PubMed

The author addresses the risks and benefits of incorporating therapeutic e-mail communication into clinical social work practice. Consumer demand for online clinical services is growing faster than the professional response. E-mail, when used as an adjunct to traditional meetings with clients, offers distinct advantages and risks. Benefits include the potential to reach clients in geographically remote and underserved communities, enhancing and extending the therapeutic relationship and improving treatment outcomes. Risks include threats to client confidentiality and privacy, liability coverage for practitioners, licensing jurisdiction, and the lack of competency standards for delivering e-mail interventions. Currently, the social work profession does not have adequate instructive guidelines and best-practice standards for using e-mail as a direct practice methodology. Practitioners need (formal) academic training in the techniques connected to e-mail exchanges with clients. The author describes the ethical and legal risks for practitioners using therapeutic e-mail with clients and identifies recommendations for establishing best-practice standards. PMID:23252316

Mattison, Marian

2012-07-01

137

Patient Access to U.S. Physicians Who Conduct Internet or E-mail Consults  

PubMed Central

Background E-mail communication has the potential to improve communication between patients and doctors. Objective The objective of the study is to describe the access of patients to physicians who conduct e-mail consults. Methods We analyzed data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of office-based physician visits, in 2001, 2002, and 2003. The main outcome measure was the percentage of visits to a provider who reported doing internet or e-mail consults. Results There was fewer than 1 in 10 outpatient visits in 2001 (9.2%) to physicians who reported doing internet or e-mail consults, and this did not increase in 2002 (5.8%) or 2003 (5.5%). Access to these physicians was greater among patients who were male, nonminority, lived in the Western United States, seen for pre-/postoperative care, seen by a primary care provider, and not seen by a nurse during their visit. Access to physicians who conducted internet or e-mail consults was independent of other patient (e.g., chronic conditions), provider (e.g., office setting), and visit (e.g., medications prescribed) characteristics. Conclusions Access to physicians who do internet or e-mail consults is generally low and did not increase between 2001 and 2003, despite growth in internet access and in other internet-related activities.

Rogers, Michelle L.; Shenassa, Edmond D.; Houston, Thomas K.

2007-01-01

138

Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) File Format Description.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Described is a format for writing ASCII data on a file to facilitate its transfer from one computer system to another. The TOAD format conforms to all ANSI FORTRAN 77 standards. There are two advantages in using the TOAD format. First, TOAD files are of t...

B. Bingel D. Hammond

1987-01-01

139

Bit-parallel ASCII code artificial numeric keypad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven integrated circuits and a voltage regulator are combined with twelve reed relays to allow the ASCII encoded numerals 0 through 9 and characters ''.'' and R or S to momentarily close switches to an applications device, simulating keypad switch closures. This invention may be used as a PARALLEL TLL (Transistor Transistor Logic) data acqusition interface to a standard Hewlett-Packard

Hale

1981-01-01

140

Texting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the increasing ranks of cell phone ownership is an increase in text messaging, or texting. During 2008, more than 2.5 trillion text messages were sent worldwide--that's an average of more than 400 messages for every person on the planet. Although many of the messages teenagers text each day are perhaps nothing more than "how r u?" or "c u…

Tilley, Carol L.

2009-01-01

141

Bit-parallel ASCII code artificial numeric keypad  

SciTech Connect

Seven integrated circuits and a voltage regulator are combined with twelve reed relays to allow the ASCII encoded numerals 0 through 9 and characters ''.'' and R or S to momentarily close switches to an applications device, simulating keypad switch closures. This invention may be used as a PARALLEL TLL (Transistor Transistor Logic) data acqusition interface to a standard Hewlett-Packard HP-97 Calculator modified with a cable.

Hale, G.M.

1981-03-01

142

E-Mail Overload In Congress: Managing a Communications Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first in a series of Online Issue Briefs presented to congressional offices by the Congress Online Project, this report examines the email overload in Congress. The email flow to the House of Representatives, for instance, more than doubled between 1998 and 2000 and continues to increase by an average of one million messages per month. The report strongly recommends that Congressional offices automate their email systems, analyzing both the reasons and obstacles involved. This recommendation will no doubt encounter some opposition among voters as well as their representatives, who worry about a real or perceived decline in access to our elected officials. Users can read the full text of the report at the above URL. The Congress Online Project is "a joint research project of the Congressional Management Foundation and The George Washington University to study the use of Web sites and Internet technologies by U.S. congressional offices," and more information on the project is available at the main page.

2001-01-01

143

Accessing the Internet by E-mail FAQ  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gerald Boyd has spent much time learning the internal syntax of web search engines. He has made the fruits of his labor available at an ftp site. Interested Internauts can download FAQs on how to query fifteen generic and eight specialty search engines by email. Included are Alta Vista, Excite, Inktomi, Yahoo, Infoseek, OKRA, Open Text, SwitchBoard, TheList, and others. Also included is a FAQ on how to use an Agora Server to use the web by email. See the Scout Report for March 8, 1996 for more on Agora. The FAQs are of greatest use to those without a web connection, but are also interesting to anyone who is intrigued by the intricacies of search engines. Users should download wsintro.faq (table of contents of FAQs), wscrack.faq (basic strategy for figuring out how to query search indexes via email) and wshelp.faq (Agora help file) before any others. For those who would like to download everything at once, wssearch.zip contains all of the files. Note that while these files are fairly technical, they are very useful for those who need such Internet access.

Boyd, Gerald E.

1994-01-01

144

Brief Report How extraverted is honey.bunny77@hotmail.de? Inferring personality from e-mail addresses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer mediated communication (CMC) plays a rapidly growing role in our social lives. Within this domain, e-mail addresses represent the thinnest slice of information that people receive from one another. Using 599 e-mail addresses of young adults, their self-reported personality scores and the personality judgments of 100 independent observers, it was shown that personality impressions based solely on e-mail addresses

Mitja D. Back; Stefan C. Schmukle; Boris Egloff

145

How extraverted is honey.bunny77@hotmail.de? Inferring personality from e-mail addresses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer mediated communication (CMC) plays a rapidly growing role in our social lives. Within this domain, e-mail addresses represent the thinnest slice of information that people receive from one another. Using 599 e-mail addresses of young adults, their self-reported personality scores and the personality judgments of 100 independent observers, it was shown that personality impressions based solely on e-mail addresses

Mitja D. Back; Stefan C. Schmukle; Boris Egloff

2008-01-01

146

Intentional and unintentional consequences of substituting face-to-face interaction with e-mail: An employee-based perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we undertake empirical research into e-mail communication in the workplace to provide organizations with practical information about how employees can effectively manage their e-mail interactions. We employ an interpretative, qualitative methodology to examine their views of e-mail. Specifically, we consider the interaction between this and traditional face-to-face (F2F) contact. The- oretical ideas are subject to empirical scrutiny

Paula O’Kane; Owen Hargie

2007-01-01

147

Surviving without e-mail: effectively communicating & managing information during technology crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology users continue perceiving telecommunications and computing systems as utilities. Just like water and electrical service, computer networks, e-mail and Web sites are expected to be available 24 hours a day, seven days a week without interruption. Although an uninterrupted expectation is unreasonable because system demands and requirements differ widely and maintenance is needed to ensure reliable operation, the reality

Todd Krupa

2002-01-01

148

Inexpensive E-mail Systems for LANs and Dial-up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet e-mail is becoming more accessible to K-12 teachers. Many colleges and universities will give accounts to teachers for the price of asking. Unfortunately, many of these university systems are hard to use and are usually not offered to K-12 students. Also, most schools do not have phone lines in classrooms. This paper discusses two systems…

Pfaffman, Jay

149

From Cyberspace to the Classroom: Using E?mail to Enhance the EFL Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Making e-mail a mandatory part of EFL coursework will ensure that students become familiar with the Hannan Internet Community Tool for E-Education. This may help students ease into other courses where this site must be utilized, allow them to retrieve campus information and familiarize them with using the university electronic mail system. Some students, who may not otherwise check the

Irene IWASAKI

150

Shared Semantics and the Use of Organizational Memories for E-Mail Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the use of shared semantics information to link concepts in an organizational memory to e-mail communications. Presents a framework for determining shared semantics based on organizational and personal user profiles. Illustrates how shared semantics are used by the HyperMail system to help link organizational memories (OM) content to…

Schwartz, David G.

1998-01-01

151

Identification and Disidentification in Organizational Discourse: A Metaphor Analysis of E-Mail Communication at Enron  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This project is situated within the interpretive tradition in organizational communication research, focusing on organizational discourse. It goes further by bringing the discussion into the 21st century through examining how communication technology--specifically e-mail--plays a role in the linguistic practices that help create, maintain and…

Turnage, Anna K.

2010-01-01

152

A Comparative Study of Topic Identifi cation on Newspaper and E-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents several statistical methods for topic identification on two kinds of textual data: newspaper arti- cles and e-mails. Five methods are tested on these two cor- pora: topic unigrams, cache model, TFIDF classifier, topic perplexity, and weighted model. Our work aims to study these methods by confronting them to very different data. This study is very fruitful for

Brigitte Bigi; Armelle Brun; Jean-Paul Haton; Kamel Sma; Imed Zitouni

153

Emotional Expression in Cyberspace: Searching for Moderators of the Pennebaker Disclosure Effect via E-Mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has shown that writing about emotional topics can positively influence physical and mental health. The current study tested the efficacy of an e-mail-based writing treatment and shows how such an implementation can aid in the search for moderators. Participants (N = 546) were randomly assigned to either a long- or short-interval traumatic writing condition or to a nonemotional writing

Brad E. Sheese; Erin L. Brown; William G. Graziano

2004-01-01

154

A Qualitative Analysis of Advance Fee Fraud E-mail Schemes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criminals utilize the Internet to perpetrate all manner of fraud, with the largest dollar losses attributed to advance fee fraud e-mail messages. These messages come from individuals who claim to need assistance moving a large sum of money out of their country. Individuals who respond to the messages often become victims of fraud and identity theft. Few criminologists have examined

Thomas J. Holt; Danielle C. Graves

155

Making the Most of E-Mail: How to Be Concise, Courteous, and Correct Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the use of e-mail and describes 13 mistakes to avoid, including inaccurate addresses, inappropriate subject lines, using conventional greetings, long messages, misspelled words, using special fonts, failing to delete unwanted messages, not answering promptly, sending a file when unnecessary, and using unnecessary jargon and technical…

Ekhaml, Leticia

1996-01-01

156

AN ANALYSIS OF CORPORATE E?MAIL COMMUNICATION AS PART OF AIRLINES' SERVICE RECOVERY STRATEGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the increased use of the Internet in the travel industry, companies should be eager to provide reliable and high quality service when communicating online. This study focused on e?mail response behavior of airlines with special attention to service recovery. A mystery approach was applied to empirically test the responsiveness and quality of replies to inquiries and complaints. Results show

Astrid Dickinger; Ulrike Bauernfeind

2009-01-01

157

Authorship Attribution in the E-mail Domain: A Study of the Effect of Size of Author Corpus and Topic on Accuracy of Identification.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We determined that it is possible to achieve authorship attribution in the e-mail domain when training on 'personal' e-mails and testing on 'work' e-mails and vice versa. These results are unique since they simulate two different e-mail addresses belongin...

K. Levy-Minzie

2011-01-01

158

Monitoring E-mail of Employees in the Private Sector: A Comparison Between Western Europe and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both Western Europe and the United States limit e-mail monitoring by an employer in the workplace and protect employee privacy. Nevertheless, cases from both Western Europe and the United States show that these regions allow an employer broad rights to monitor employee e-mail. A new case from France, however, demonstrates that Western Europe is increasingly likely to protect employee privacy

Yohei Suda

2005-01-01

159

Uses and Perceptions of E-Mail for Course-Related Communication between Business Faculty and Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technological advancements have facilitated the learning process by offering faculty members and students better access to resources, while increasing the potential for more interaction and communication flexibility (Firmin & Miller, 2005). Among these technologies is electronic mail or e-mail. The uses and perceptions of e-mail between business…

Costello, Robert

2011-01-01

160

Can Messages Make a Difference? The Association between E-Mail Messages and Health Outcomes in Diabetes Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation examined the impact of social support messages on patient health outcomes. Forty-one American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian patients received a total of 618 e-mail messages from their healthcare provider (HCP). The e-mail messages were divided into 3,565 message units and coded for instances of emotional social…

Turner, Jeanine Warisse; Robinson, James D.; Tian, Yan; Neustadtl, Alan; Angelus, Pam; Russell, Marie; Mun, Seong K.; Levine, Betty

2013-01-01

161

A Comparative Analysis of E-Mail and Face-to-Face Communication in an Educational Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Electronic mail (e-mail) is an extremely important medium for Internet-based education. Due to its unique characteristics, there is reason to be concerned that students do not put appropriate care into writing messages that are sent via e-mail. This has significant implications for the effectiveness of online learning environments. This paper…

Lightfoot, Jay M.

2006-01-01

162

Internet/E-Mail Usage and Well-Being among 65-84 Year Olds in New Zealand: Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research indicates that significant groups of older people are using Internet/e-mail technology. Using data from a 2007 random sample of 1,680 New Zealanders aged 65-84, predictors of Internet/e-mail usage and the impact of usage on well-being were investigated. Gender, age, education, household composition, income, and work were significant…

Koopman-Boyden, Peggy G.; Reid, Sarah L.

2009-01-01

163

Predicted Outcome Value of E-Mail Communication: Factors that Foster Professional Relational Development between Students and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using predicted outcome value theory as a guide, this study investigated the link between e-mail correspondence as a form of computer mediated extra class communication and how it may shape students' desire to foster student-teacher relational development. The findings revealed that when students believe their teacher e-mails the class…

Young, Stacy; Kelsey, Dawn; Lancaster, Alexander

2011-01-01

164

E-mailed standardized cognitive behavioural treatment of work-related stress: A randomized controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a 7-week standardized cognitive behavioural treatment of work-related stress conducted via e-mail. A total of 342 people applied for treatment in reaction to a newspaper article. Initial screening reduced the sample to a heterogeneous (sub)clinical group of 239 participants. Participants were assigned randomly to a waiting list condition (n562),

Jeroen Ruwaard; Alfred Lange; Manon Bouwman; Janneke Broeksteeg; Bart Schrieken

2007-01-01

165

The e-mail gossip number and the connected domination number  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our object is to introduce eg(G), the e-mail gossip number of a connected graph G, and derive a simple equation expressing this new invariant in terms of the known [1] connected domination number cd(G). As a corollary we see that determining each of these numbers is NP-hard. In general we follow the graph theoretic notation and terminology of [2]. Throughout

B. Raghavachari

1997-01-01

166

Some consequences of e-mail vs. face-to-face communication in experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more and more social science experiments are being run on computers, the question of whether these new laboratory instruments affect outcomes is increasingly important. We examine whether the mode of communication in experiments has any effect on the choices made by individuals. We find that the effects of `e-mail' vs. face-to-face communication vary with the nature of the decisions

Norman Frohlich; Joe Oppenheimer

1998-01-01

167

COLLABORATIVE E-MAIL EXCHANGE FOR TEACHING SECONDARY ESL: A CASE STUDY IN HONG KONG  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents data from a qualitative case study examining secondary ESL students' attitudes toward and perceptions of a collaborative e-mail exchange between a Form 4 (10th grade) ESL class in Hong Kong and an 11th grade English class in Iowa. The exchange was based on a researcher-designed instructional model, utilizing widely accepted theories and methods for modern second language

Roseanne Greenfield

2003-01-01

168

An Intergenerational E-mail Pal Project on Attitudes of College Students Toward Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intergenerational interactions have demonstrated some success at improving attitudes of college students toward older adults. This quasiexperimental study involved undergraduate college students paired with older adults for a six-week e-mail exchange. Student attitudes toward older adults were measured pre- and posttest with Polizzi's revised version of the Aging Semantic Differential (ASD). Students were assigned to an intervention group (n = 23) or

Carla A. Chase

2010-01-01

169

Language With Character: A Stratified Corpus Comparison of Individual Differences in E-Mail Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

To what extent does the wording and syntactic form of people's writing reflect their personalities? Using a bottom-up stratified corpus comparison, rather than the top-down content analysis techniques that have been used before, we examine a cor- pus of e-mail messages elicited from individuals of known personality, as measured by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised (S. Eysenck, Eysenck, & Barrett, 1985).

Jon Oberlander; Alastair J. Gill

2006-01-01

170

Differences between communications using e-mail and BBS in an e-counseling environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to examine the differences in communication when using e-mail and BBS (bulletin board system) in a counseling environment for school-refusal students. Subjects were asked to view a short movie whose central theme focused on bullying - a possible factor in some school-refusal students absence from school. Subjects were then asked to issue their thoughts and feelings about

Shogo KATO; Go OTA; Kanji AKAHORI

2002-01-01

171

Characteristics of E-Mail Reference Services in Selected Public Libraries, Victoria, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of 96 question and answer pairs from the Bayside Library Ask a Librarian Service found that 54 percent of the queries were received from Bayside residents. Forty-seven percent of the e-mail reference questions were classed as research queries. Although only 25.1 percent of the queries were submitted for formal education purposes, all of these were research questions, and

Doreen Sullivan

2004-01-01

172

Speech-based E-mail and driver behavior: effects of an in-vehicle message system interface.  

PubMed

As mobile office technology becomes more advanced, drivers have increased opportunity to process information "on the move." Although speech-based interfaces can minimize direct interference with driving, the cognitive demands associated with such systems may still cause distraction. We studied the effects on driving performance of an in-vehicle simulated "E-mail" message system; E-mails were either system controlled or driver controlled. A high-fidelity, fixed-base driving simulator was used to test 19 participants on a car-following task. Virtual traffic scenarios varying in driving demand. Drivers compensated for the secondary task by adopting longer headways but showed reduced anticipation of braking requirements and shorter time to collision. Drivers were also less reactive when processing E-mails, demonstrated by a reduction in steering wheel inputs. In most circumstances, there were advantages in providing drivers with control over when E-mails were opened. However, during periods without E-mail interaction in demanding traffic scenarios, drivers showed reduced braking anticipation. This may be a result of increased cognitive costs associated with the decision making process when using a driver-controlled interface when the task of scheduling E-mail acceptance is added to those of driving and E-mail response. Actual or potential applications of this research include the design of speech-based in-vehicle messaging systems. PMID:15709325

Jamson, A Hamish; Westerman, Stephen J; Hockey, G Robert J; Carsten, Oliver M J

2004-01-01

173

A comparative analysis of e-mail and face-to-face communication in an educational environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic mail (e-mail) is an extremely important medium for Internet-based education. Due to its unique characteristics, there is reason to be concerned that students do not put appropriate care into writing messages that are sent via e-mail. This has significant implications for the effectiveness of online learning environments. This paper describes an empirical research project to investigate the amount of

Jay M. Lightfoot

2006-01-01

174

E-Mail Recipients' Impressions of Senders' LikabilityThe Interactive Effect of Nonverbal Cues and Recipients' Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although e-mail recipients rely on nonverbal cues to form impressions of senders, relatively little is known about specific contextual factors that may influence sender perceptions in computer-mediated communication. Results from an experiment found that the receivers' personalities influenced their perceptions of the e-mail sender both directly and indirectly through perceptions of nonverbal cues. These results support the notions that the

Kristin Byron; David C. Baldridge

2007-01-01

175

Web Surveys as Part of a Mixed-Mode Strategy for Populations that cannot be Contacted by E-Mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Potential respondents to web surveys are usually contacted by e-mail. For general target populations e-mail addresses are usually not available. Weexplore whether a sequential mixed mode web\\/mail strategy can be used for such a population to encourage respondents to choose the web mode. In oursequential mixed mode web\\/mail survey respondents were first encouraged to reply by web and in

MATTHIAS SCHONLAU; BETH J. ASCH; CAN DU

2003-01-01

176

Using Electronic Mail (E-mail) Surveys for Geographic Research: Lessons from a Survey of Russian Environmentalists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expansion of the Internet and e-mail access around the globe, especially into less-developed areas, raises the question of how geographers might use this technology for research purposes and the development of appropriate methodologies. This paper identifies three ways in which the use of e-mail surveys for geographic research differs from traditional mail surveys. First, there are substantial differences in

Shannon R. M. OLear

1996-01-01

177

E-mail's Use and Perceived Effect on Family Relationship Quality: Variations by Gender and Race\\/Ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We draw on a social role theoretical perspective that links women and kinkeeping as well as social-structural and cultural accounts of racial\\/ethnic difference to formulate hypotheses about e-mail use and its influence on family ties. We use nationally representative data to test these hypotheses. We find that: 1) women and whites are more likely to use e-mail to communicate with

Noelle Chesley; Briana Fox

2012-01-01

178

The lost e-mail method: Milgram’s lost-letter technique in the age of the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined Milgram’s (1977) lost-letter technique using e-mail. In the first experiment, 79 college faculty received mock\\u000a lost e-mail messages. Nineteen percent of those who received the messages responded, in all cases by returning the message\\u000a to the “sender” instead of forwarding it to the “recipient.” In the second study, attitudes toward presidential candidate\\u000a Ross Perot were examined by sending

Steven E. Stern; Jon E. Faber

1997-01-01

179

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) official e-mail system : An example of records management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To share the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)'s approach to managing its records, using an e-mail system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The primary importance of communication between the headquarters and delegations of a global organization such as the ICRC lead it to use its e-mail system to manage its “official” current records. The Lotus Notes

Georges Willemin

2006-01-01

180

Controlled Trial of Worksite Health Education through Face-to-Face Counseling vs. E-mail on Drinking Behavior Modification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controlled Trial of Worksite Health Education Through Face-to-Face Counseling vs. E- mail on Drinking Behavior Modification: Ikuno ARAKI, et al. Department of Medicine & Occupational Health, ExxonMobil Yugen Kaisha—This study examined the effectiveness of a traditional face-to-face health education and e-mail health education on alcohol usage among male workers in comparison with a control group. Male workers at a manufacturing

Ikuno Araki; Hideki Hashimoto; Keiko Kono; Hideaki Matsuki; Eiji Yano

2006-01-01

181

66 FR 10700 - Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Final Disposition of Animals Not...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Final Disposition...industry (#86) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Final Disposition...immediate slaughter (NFDA) as an e-mail attachment by Internet. This...

2001-02-16

182

66 FR 10701 - Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Request for a Meeting or Teleconference to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Request for a Meeting or...88) entitled. ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Request for a Meeting or...a new animal drug submission as an e-mail attachment by Internet. These...

2001-02-16

183

65 FR 40108 - Draft Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Request for a Meeting or...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Request for a Meeting or...industry (#88) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Request for a Meeting or...a new animal drug submission as an e-mail attachment by Internet. These...

2000-06-29

184

66 FR 11173 - Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Intent to Slaughter for Human...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Intent to Slaughter...industry (#87) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Intent to Slaughter...Rockville, MD 20855, 301-827-7578, e-mail: jmessenh@cvm.fda.gov....

2001-02-22

185

65 FR 40106 - Draft Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Intent to Slaughter for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Intent to Slaughter...industry (#87) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Intent to Slaughter...purposes (slaughter notices) as an e-mail attachment by Internet. This...

2000-06-29

186

65 FR 40104 - Draft Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Final Disposition of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Final Disposition...industry (#86) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit a Notice of Final Disposition...immediate slaughter (NFDA) as an e-mail attachment by Internet. These...

2000-06-29

187

66 FR 11172 - Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center for Veterinary...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center...industry (#108) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center...to submit information to CVM as an e-mail attachment by Internet. These...

2001-02-22

188

65 FR 40109 - Draft Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidance for Industry on How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center...industry (#108) entitled ``How to Use E-Mail to Submit Information to the Center...for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) as an e-mail attachment by Internet. These...

2000-06-29

189

Management of Asymptomatic Erosive Esophagitis: An E-Mail Survey of Physician's Opinions  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims The management of asymptomatic erosive esophagitis is controversial. We surveyed physicians' opinions on asymptomatic erosive esophagitis using e-mail. Methods All members of the Korean Society of Neurogastro-enterology and Motility were invited to answer the questionnaire on the treatment and follow-up of patients with asymptomatic erosive esophagitis by e-mail. Results A total of 73 members answered the questionnaire (response rate, 18%). As initial management, 41% of respondents chose pharmacologic treatment, whereas 59% chose nonpharmacologic treatment. In the case of pharmacologic treatment, proton pump inhibitors were the preferred medication. The most common treatment duration was 4 weeks (43%), followed by 8 weeks (38%), and 6 months (11%). Sixty-two percent of the respondents recommended follow-up endoscopy annually, whereas 29% chose no endoscopic follow-up. Thirty-four percent of the respondents answered that they would talk about reflux-related sleep disturbances. Only 25% of the respondents explained the possibility of Barrett's esophagus or esophageal adenocarcinoma to their patients. Conclusions There are substantial practice variations in the management of asymptomatic erosive esophagitis in Korea.

Lim, Seong Woo; Kim, Jie-Hyun; Kim, Jeong Hwan; Kim, Heung Up; Jeon, Seong Woo

2013-01-01

190

Digital steganography for ASCII text documents Ph.D. research proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The digitization of analog signals has inadvertently opened doors for Covert Channel communication which is being exploited as an innocent carrier of Secret information. A number of techniques have been proposed and are in use to attain confidentiality, integrity and authentication for on-line transaction\\/exchange of messages of which Cryptography and Steganography stands ahead. Cryptography is focused on changing the contents

Khan Farhan Rafat; Muhammad Sher

2009-01-01

191

The effectiveness of personalized e-mail newsletters and the role of personal characteristics.  

PubMed

Personalizing communication means creating persuasive messages that refer to aspects of a person's self. Although the use of personalization is increasing, research on its effectiveness is limited and the results are mixed. This study examined the persuasiveness of personalized e-mail newsletters in terms of increased attention, cognitive activity, evaluation, attitude, intention, and behavior by means of an experiment (n=109). Participants randomly received either a personalized or a generic newsletter advertising a sports center. Personalization triggered a more positive evaluation of the message; however, it did not influence the other effect variables. The effects were moderated by consumers' need for uniqueness, trust, and privacy concerns, suggesting that personalization is a good strategy to increase message evaluation only among individuals who have a high need for uniqueness. PMID:21790275

Maslowska, Ewa; Putte, Bas van den; Smit, Edith G

2011-07-26

192

Supplementation of a successful pediatric neuro-oncology telemedicine-based twinning program by e-mails.  

PubMed

There is a growing gap between developing and developed countries in the availability of treatment for pediatric subspecialties. Twinning and telemedicine are effective ways to improve the quality of healthcare in developing countries. We evaluated the impact of e-mail exchanges on the development of a neuro-oncology twinning program between the King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC), Amman, Jordan, and the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada. We conducted a retrospective review of all e-mail communications between KHCC and the Hospital for Sick Children from August 2003 to December 2005 for subject, attachments, and responses. Over a period of 29 months, 356 e-mail exchanges (average, 12.3/month) occurred. Subjects discussed were specific consults (88), videoconferencing (65), general neuro-oncological questions (54), personal (45), exchange visits related (44), research projects related (28), articles or treatment guidelines (21), and Web site translation (11). Our study suggests that e-mails promote effective communication between twinning partners and enable discussion of complex cases, organization of teleconferences and workshops, aid other research activities, and further personal relationships between partners. Use of e-mail in telemedicine can be especially useful to improve the quality of care for children with cancer in developing countries. PMID:19929233

Qaddoumi, Ibrahim; Bouffet, Eric

2009-12-01

193

Finding text in images  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many applications in which the automatic detection and recognition of text embedded in images isuseful. These applications include multimedia systems, digital libraries, and Geographical Information Systems.When machine generated text is printed against clean backgrounds, it can be converted to a computer readbleform (ASCII) using current Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology. However, text is often printedagainst shaded or textured

Victor Wu; R. Manmatha; Edward M. Riseman

1997-01-01

194

Providing cell phone numbers and e-mail addresses to patients: The patient's perspective, a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Today patients can consult with their treating physician by cell phone or e-mail. These means of communication enhance the quality of medical care and increase patient satisfaction, but they can also impinge on physicians’ free time and their patient schedule while at work. The objective of this study is to assess the attitudes and practice of patients on obtaining the cell phone number or e-mail address of their physician for the purpose of medical consultation. Methods Personal interviews with patients, 18?years of age or above, selected by random sampling from the roster of adults insured by Clalit Health Services, Southern Division. The total response rate was 41%. The questionnaire included questions on the attitude and practice of patients towards obtaining their physician’s cell phone number or e-mail address. Comparisons were performed using Chi-square tests to analyze statistically significant differences of categorical variables. Two-tailed p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant, with a power of 0.8. Results The study sample included 200 patients with a mean age of 46.6?±?17.1, of whom 110 were women (55%). Ninety-three (46.5%) responded that they would be very interested in obtaining their physician’s cell phone number, and an additional 83 (41.5%) would not object to obtaining it. Of the 171 patients (85.5%) who had e-mail addresses, 25 (14.6%) said they would be very interested in obtaining their physician’s e-mail address, 85 (49.7%) said they would not object to getting it, and 61 (35.7%) were not interested. In practice only one patient had requested the physician’s e-mail address and none actually had it. Conclusions Patients favored cell phones over e-mail for consulting with their treating physicians. With new technologies such as cell phones and e-mail in common use, it is important to determine how they can be best used and how they should be integrated into the flow of clinical practice.

2012-01-01

195

Wall Street’s e-mail nightmare : What in-house counsel at securities firms need to know to get ahead of the curve on e-mail retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of the current investigations related to possible conflicts of interest involving Wall Street stock analysts, no general counsel at a securities firm needs to be reminded of e-mail’s growing importance in litigation and regulatory investigations. Merrill Lynch paid a $100 million settlement to the State of New York based, in significant part, on damaging evidence culled from the

Patrick Burke; Daniel L. Junk

2002-01-01

196

Virtual Collaborations in the Spanish Class: From E-Mail to Web Design and CD-ROM Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Modern technologies can provide language students with authentic content and contextualized, collaborative learning situations. This article illustrates how e-mail exchanges, Web exercises, and CD-ROM development between students in the United States and organizations in Ecuador can promote contextualized and authentic practice of Spanish…

Hellebrandt, Josef

1999-01-01

197

Air Force Media Use and Conformance With Media Richness Theory: Implications for E-Mail Use and Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Communication has become a major aspect of a manager's job. When communicating, they are faced with many choices of what media to use - some include face-to-face, telephone, e-mail, or written. Managerial effectiveness can improve if managers make appropr...

H. L. Adams

1996-01-01

198

EFL Students' Vocabulary Learning in NS-NNS E-Mail Interactions: Do They Learn New Words by Imitation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated Japanese students' EFL vocabulary development through e-mail interactions with a native English speaker (NS), with primary focus on students' imitation of new words. According to sociocultural theory, learners can internalize new linguistic knowledge by imitating an expert's expressions to create his/her own…

Sasaki, Akihiko; Takeuchi, Osamu

2010-01-01

199

Pre-service teacher learning through one-on-one tutoring: Reporting perceptions through e-mail  

Microsoft Academic Search

This formative study investigated the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of university students seeking teacher certification toward students with content-area difficulties as well as towards their own tutoring experience. A qualitative analysis of communication with the university course instructors reported through electronic mail (e-mail) messages revealed several themes. The researchers identified the following themes through analysis: instructional growth; emotional attachment; why

Wanda B. Hedrick; Patricia McGee; Kathleen Mittag

2000-01-01

200

Can a Back Pain E-mail Discussion Group Improve Health Status and Lower Health Care Costs?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Given the high health care utilization, lim- ited evidence for the effectiveness of back pain interven- tions, and the proliferation of e-mail health discussion groups, this study seeks to determine if the Internet can be used to improve health status and health care utili- zation for people with chronic back pain. Methods: Randomized controlled trial. Participants in- cluded 580

Kate R. Lorig; Diana D. Laurent; Richard A. Deyo; Margaret E. Marnell; Marian A. Minor; Philip L. Ritter

2002-01-01

201

Efficacy of a Single Computer-Tailored E-Mail for Smoking Cessation: Results after 6 Months  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, few Internet-delivered smoking cessation interventions have been tested. This study tested the efficacy, understandability, credibility and personal relevance of an e-mail-delivered computer-tailored smoking cessation intervention. It included tailored action plan feedback, as recent studies have demonstrated the importance of planning in…

Poel, Fam Te; Bolman, Catherine; Reubsaet, Astrid; de Vries, Hein

2009-01-01

202

Efficacy of a Single Computer-Tailored E-Mail for Smoking Cessation: Results after 6 Months  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To date, few Internet-delivered smoking cessation interventions have been tested. This study tested the efficacy, understandability, credibility and personal relevance of an e-mail-delivered computer-tailored smoking cessation intervention. It included tailored action plan feedback, as recent studies have demonstrated the importance of planning…

Poel, Fam Te; Bolman, Catherine; Reubsaet, Astrid; de Vries, Hein

2009-01-01

203

Analysis of E-Mail Produced by Middle School Students with Disabilities Using Accessible Interfaces: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this exploratory study was to investigate electronic communication as a potential method to enhance social communication in a range of students with disabilities. This study investigated the usability of an adapted e-mail interface, TeenMail, for 11 middle school students with significant learning and communication impairments who…

Sohlberg, McKay Moore; Todis, Bonnie; Fickas, Stephen; Ehlhardt, Laurie

2011-01-01

204

A pilot study exploring electronic (or e-mail) mail in users with acquired cognitive-linguistic impairments.  

PubMed

This paper reports the results of an exploratory study into the usability of a simplified e-mail interface for eight individuals with acquired cognitive-linguistic impairments. Participatory Action Research, a qualitative research method, was used to capture the range of performance variables and to emphasize a 'user-centred' approach to the research process. The participants were asked to read and reply to e-mails across four writing prompt conditions. An analysis of errors and participant preferences for the prototype e-mail system was conducted. Errors fell into two general categories: (1) computer usability (e.g. conceptual understanding of mouse/cursor operation) and (2) message composition (e.g. generating ideas for a message). Participant preferences for the writing prompt conditions varied considerably. All participants endorsed the use of customized e-mail interfaces as a means of connecting with friends and family, thereby reducing social isolation. Implications for interface design, rehabilitation and future research into assistive technology are discussed. PMID:12775272

Sohlberg, McKay Moore; Ehlhardt, Laurie A; Fickas, Stephen; Sutcliffe, Alistair

2003-07-01

205

Enforcement Document Retrieval System (EDRS) - ASCII (1972-November 1991).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Enforcement Document Retrieval System (EDRS) is a full text database for documents related to enforcement policy and procedures, administrative decisions, judicial decisions, and model/sample forms. All environmental statutes that the Environmental Pr...

1991-01-01

206

E-mailed standardized cognitive behavioural treatment of work-related stress: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a 7-week standardized cognitive behavioural treatment of work-related stress conducted via e-mail. A total of 342 people applied for treatment in reaction to a newspaper article. Initial screening reduced the sample to a heterogeneous (sub)clinical group of 239 participants. Participants were assigned randomly to a waiting list condition (n = 62), or to immediate treatment (n = 177). A follow-up was conducted 3 years after inception of the treatment. The outcome measures used were the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-42) and the Emotional Exhaustion scale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS). Fifty participants (21%) dropped out. Both groups showed statistically significant improvements. Intention-to-treat analysis of covariance (ANCOVAs) revealed that participants in the treatment condition improved significantly more than those in the waiting control condition (0.001

or = d > or = 0.5 (anxiety)). The between-group effects ranged from d = 0.6 (stress) to d = 0.1 (anxiety). At follow-up, the effects were more pronounced, but this result requires replication in view of high attrition at follow-up. The results warrant further research on Internet-driven standardized cognitive behavioural therapy for work-related stress. Such research should include the direct comparison of this treatment with face-to-face treatment, and should address the optimal level of therapist contact in Internet-driven treatment. PMID:17852171

Ruwaard, Jeroen; Lange, Alfred; Bouwman, Manon; Broeksteeg, Janneke; Schrieken, Bart

2007-01-01

207

What does an e-mail address add? - Doing health and technology at home.  

PubMed

There is increasing interest in using electronic mail and other electronic health technologies (e-health technologies) in patient follow-ups. This study sheds light on patients' reception of provider-initiated e-health in their everyday environments. In a research project carried out in Norway (2005-2007), an electronic address for a hospital dermatology ward was offered to 50 patient families for improved access to expert advice from the patients' homes. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with 12 families, this paper explores how the electronic address was integrated into everyday health practice. The research illuminates how the electronic address did not only represent changes related to treatment procedures and frequency or nature of expert contact; it was also important to other practices in the everyday lives of the families of patients with chronic illness. Once in place on the patients' computers, the electronic address was ascribed at least four different roles: it was used as the intended riverbed for a flow of information, but also as a safety alarm, as a shield to the medical gaze and as a token of competence in care and parenting. The multiplicity in use and reception of an electronic address in patient settings illustrates the need to include patients' everyday practices in current professional and political discussions of e-mail and other e-health technologies. Thus this paper argues that there is a need for research on electronic patient-provider communication that moves beyond frequency of use and questions on how technology will affect medical encounters. Social science equally needs to investigate how provider-initiated e-health technologies gets involved in patients' moral and social performance of health and illness in everyday life. PMID:21208702

Andreassen, Hege K

2010-12-13

208

World Conference on Educational Sciences 2009 A study to find out the preferred free e-mail services used by university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate the free e-mail usage of students in the technology departments of the university, and also to learn which free e-mail service the participants prefer. The volunteer participants in this study consisted of 150 undergraduate students attending the Near East University in Northern Cyprus. 50 students from Department of Computer Information Systems (CIS),

Nadire Cavus; Hüseyin Bicen

209

Automated E-mail Messaging as a Tool for Improving Quit Rates in an Internet Smoking Cessation Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study waS to determine whether an automated e-mail messaging system that sent individually timed educational messages (ITEMs) increased the effectiveness of an INternet smoiking cessation intervention.\\u000aDesign: Using two consecutive series of particiapnts, the authors compared two Web-based style smoking cessation interventions a single-poin-in-time educational intervention and an enhanced intervention that also sent ITEMs timed

John E. Perez; Ricardo F Muñoz; Aditya Bansod

2004-01-01

210

Phone and e-mail counselling are effective for weight management in an overweight working population: a randomized controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The work setting provides an opportunity to introduce overweight (i.e., Body Mass Index ? 25 kg\\/m2) adults to a weight management programme, but new approaches are needed in this setting. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of lifestyle counselling by phone or e-mail on body weight, in an overweight working population. Secondary purposes were

Marieke F van Wier; Geertje AM Ariëns; J Caroline Dekkers; Ingrid JM Hendriksen; Tjabe Smid; Willem van Mechelen

2009-01-01

211

Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Risk, and Preference for E-Mail to Face-To-Face Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The media choices made by high and low self-esteem Internet users was studied using web- based methodology (n = 265). Participants were asked to rank four media (face-to-face, e-mail, letter, and telephone) in order of preference across four different communication scenarios designed to pose an interpersonal risk. The level of interpersonal risk posed by two of the scenarios (asking for

Adam N. Joinson

2004-01-01

212

Can I get pregnant from oral sex? Sexual health misconceptions in e-mails to a reproductive health website  

PubMed Central

Background This study identifies sexual and reproductive health misconceptions contained in e-mails sent to an emergency contraception website. Study design From July 1, 2003 through June 30, 2004, 1,134 English-language questions were e-mailed to http://ec.princeton.edu. We performed content analysis on these e-mails and grouped misconceptions into thematic categories. Results Of the questions sent during the study period, 27% (n=303, total n=1,134) evinced underlying misconceptions about sexual and reproductive health issues. Content analysis revealed five major thematic categories of misconceptions: sexual acts that can lead to pregnancy; definitions of “protected” sex; timing of pregnancy and pregnancy testing; dangers that emergency contraceptives pose to women and fetuses; and confusion between emergency contraception and abortion. Conclusions These misconceptions have several possible sources: abstinence-only sexual education programs in the U.S., the proliferation of medically inaccurate websites, terminology used in public health campaigns, non-evidence based medical protocols, and confusion between emergency contraception and medication abortion in the media.

Wynn, L.L.; Foster, Angel M.; Trussell, James

2013-01-01

213

Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) Gateway: Version 1.0 User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) Gateway, release 1.0 is described. This is a software tool for converting tabular data from one format into another via the TOAD format. This initial release of the Gateway allows free data interchange among the f...

B. D. Bingel

1991-01-01

214

Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) Editor Version 1.0 User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Transferable Output ASCII Data (TOAD) editor is an interactive software tool for manipulating the contents of TOAD files. The TOAD editor is specifically designed to work with tabular data. Selected subsets of data may be displayed to the user's scree...

B. D. Bingel A. L. Shea A. S. Hofler

1991-01-01

215

xml version="1.0" encoding="us-ascii"?>  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

ascii"?> Food ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/drugsafety</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">216</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18411868"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">E-mail</span>: a new technique for forming a therapeutic alliance with high-risk young people failing to engage with mental health services? A case study.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article describes <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> therapy with a teenager whom professionals found difficult to communicate with and understand. Anne had a 4-year history of low mood and unpredictable self-harming behaviour that in the past had led to admission to a secure unit. Therapy involved weekly <span class="hlt">e-mails</span> over a 3-month period and ended when she was transferred to adult services. The article focuses on how <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> enabled engagement to occur. The therapeutic relationship allowed Anne to explore and understand past experiences, and start resolving present problems. Diagnosis also became clearer. PMID:18411868</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Roy, Hermione; Gillett, Tim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">217</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2667416"> <span id="translatedtitle">Phone and <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> counselling are effective for weight management in an overweight working population: a randomized controlled trial</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background The work setting provides an opportunity to introduce overweight (i.e., Body Mass Index ? 25 kg/m2) adults to a weight management programme, but new approaches are needed in this setting. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of lifestyle counselling by phone or <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> on body weight, in an overweight working population. Secondary purposes were to establish effects on waist circumference and lifestyle behaviours, and to assess which communication method is the most effective. Methods A randomized controlled trial with three treatments: intervention materials with phone counselling (phone group); a web-based intervention with <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> counselling (internet group); and usual care, i.e. lifestyle brochures (control group). The interventions used lifestyle modification and lasted a maximum of six months. Subjects were 1386 employees, recruited from seven companies (67% male; mean age 43 (SD 8.6) y; mean BMI 29.6 (SD 3.5) kg/m2). Body weight was measured by research personnel and by questionnaire. Secondary outcomes fat, fruit and vegetable intake, physical activity and waist circumference were assessed by questionnaire. Measurements were done at baseline and after six months. Missing body weight was multiply imputed. Results Body weight reduced 1.5 kg (95% CI -2.2;-0.8, p < 0.001) in the phone group and 0.6 kg (95% CI -1.3; -0.01, p = 0.045) in the internet group, compared with controls. In completers analyses, weight and waist circumference in the phone group were reduced with 1.6 kg (95% CI -2.2;-1.0, p < 0.001) and 1.9 cm (95% CI -2.7;-1.0, p < 0.001) respectively, fat intake decreased with 1 fatpoint (1 to 4 grams)/day (95% CI -1.7;-0.2, p = 0.01) and physical activity increased with 866 METminutes/week (95% CI 203;1530, p = 0.01), compared with controls. The internet intervention resulted in a weight loss of 1.1 kg (95% CI -1.7;-0.5, p < 0.001) and a reduction in waist circumference of 1.2 cm (95% CI -2.1;-0.4, p = 0.01), in comparison with usual care. The phone group appeared to have more and larger changes than the internet group, but comparisons revealed no significant differences. Conclusion Lifestyle counselling by phone and <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> is effective for weight management in overweight employees and shows potential for use in the work setting. Trial registration ISCRTN04265725.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">van Wier, Marieke F; Ariens, Geertje AM; Dekkers, J Caroline; Hendriksen, Ingrid JM; Smid, Tjabe; van Mechelen, Willem</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">218</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/radiation-emittingproducts/nationalmammographyqualityassuranceadvisorycommittee/ucm311649.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">January 8, 2012 Phone Cell <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Carole Price Education ...</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Version... 1971 – September 1971: Staff Nurse – Intensive Care Unit ... CHMC Nursing Research Conference, November 7, 1992 ... Vital Signs Study in The PACU ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">219</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/medicaldevices/medicaldevicesadvisorycommittee/anesthesiologyandrespiratorytherapydevicespanel/ucm318718.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">July 24, 2012 Winifred C. Wu, MBA, FRAPS <span class="hlt">E-mail</span>: JULY ...</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Version... companies (PERI); Masters Forum (U of Minnesota); global leadership skills and team development; risk management; business ethics. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">220</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17333232"> <span id="translatedtitle">Is current UK management of oesophageal food bolus obstruction evidence based? An <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> survey and literature review.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">There is a great deal of variation in individual management of non-sharp oesophageal food bolus obstruction in the United Kingdom. An <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> survey of consultants and specialist registrars in ENT was carried out to establish current UK practice. A review of the published literature was under-taken to establish whether current practice is evidence based. The majority of practitioners (95%) do not proceed immediately to rigid oesophagoscopy but use antispasmodic drugs (83%), most commonly hyoscine butylbromide (Buscopan) and diazepam, to try to induce spontaneous passage of the obstruction. There is currently no evidence in the published literature to support the use of these drugs. The use of Buscopan seems to have been encouraged by a misquoted reference in a prominent ENT textbook. Better evidence is needed to establish the best form of treatment for this relatively common problem. PMID:17333232</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Price, T; Jones, S E M; Montgomery, P Q</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-02-14</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">221</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/41851734"> <span id="translatedtitle">Examining modality usage in a conversational multimodal application for mobile <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> access</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">As Third Generation (3G) networks emerge they provide not only higher data transmission rates but also the ability to transmit\\u000a both voice and low latency data within the same session. This paper describes the architecture and implementation of a multimodal\\u000a application (voice and <span class="hlt">text</span>) that uses natural language understanding combined with a WAP browser to access email messages\\u000a on a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jennifer Lai; Stella Mitchell; Christopher Pavlovski</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">222</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19211545"> <span id="translatedtitle">New mothers network: the provision of social support to single, low-income, African American mothers via <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Electronic mail (<span class="hlt">e-mail</span>) is being investigated as a health care intervention for mothers caring for their infants. The purpose of this study is to describe themes representing the content of <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages written by 12 single, low-income, African American mothers to nurses participating in the New Mothers Network Study. Three themes that emerged were (a) life's logistics: day-to-day concerns; (b) relationships of support; and (c) personal reflections about being a new mother. Reported themes support the social support theory based on works by House and Revenson, Schiaffano, Majerovitz, and Gibofski used to develop the nursing intervention. Nurses are in key positions to offer social support to African American mothers adjusting to single parenting. Nurses can provide social support to single, low-income African American mothers via <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages to assist them with caring for themselves and their infants. PMID:19211545</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Campbell-Grossman, Christie K; Hudson, Diane Brage; Keating-Lefler, Rebecca; Heusinkvelt, Sally</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-02-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">223</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title48-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title48-vol2-sec52-223-18.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">48 CFR 52.223-18 - Contractor Policy to Ban <span class="hlt">Text</span> Messaging While Driving.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...device, including for the purpose of short message service <span class="hlt">texting</span>, <span class="hlt">e-mailing</span>, instant messaging, obtaining navigational...outreach to employees about the safety risks associated with <span class="hlt">texting</span> while driving. (d) Subcontracts. The Contractor...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">224</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3444317"> <span id="translatedtitle">Promoting walking among office employees - evaluation of a randomized controlled intervention with pedometers and <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background The purpose of the study was to evaluate a 6-month intervention to promote office-employees’ walking with pedometers and <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages. Methods Participants were recruited by 10 occupational health care units (OHC) from 20 worksites with 2,230 employees. Voluntary and insufficiently physically active employees (N?=?241) were randomized to a pedometer (STEP, N?=?123) and a comparison group (COMP, N?=?118). STEP included one group meeting, log-monitored pedometer-use and six <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages from OHC. COMP participated in data collection. Reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, maintenance (RE-AIM) and costs were assessed with questionnaires (0, 2, 6, 12?months), process evaluation and interviews (12?months). Results The intervention reached 29% (N?=?646) of employees in terms of participation willingness. Logistic regression showed that the proportion of walkers tended to increase more in STEP than in COMP at 2?months in “walking for transportation” (Odds ratio 2.12, 95%CI 0.94 to 4.81) and at 6?months in “walking for leisure” (1.86, 95%CI 0.94 to 3.69). Linear model revealed a modest increase in the mean duration of “walking stairs” at 2 and 6?months (Geometric mean ratio 1.26, 95%CI 0.98 to 1.61; 1.27, 0.98 to 1.64). Adoption and implementation succeeded as intended. At 12?months, some traces of the intervention were sustained in 15 worksites, and a slightly higher number of walkers in STEP in comparison with COMP was observed in “walking stairs” (OR 2.24, 95%CI 0.94 to 5.31) and in “walking for leisure” (2.07, 95%CI 0.99 to 4.34). The direct costs of the intervention were 43 Euros per participant. Conclusions The findings indicate only modest impact on some indicators of walking. Future studies should invest in reaching the employees, minimizing attrition rate and using objective walking assessment. Trial registeration ISRCTN79432107</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">225</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ853819.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> Order</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A secretary has "n" letters and "n" addressed envelopes. Instead of matching each letter with the corresponding envelope, she inserts the letters in a random manner. What are the chances that every letter will be in the wrong envelope? In this article, the author presents a solution to this problem and discusses possible ways of placing the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scott, Paul</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">226</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58878906"> <span id="translatedtitle">Two Sides of the Story: Media Choice and Media Use of Web Based <span class="hlt">eMail</span> and Live Chat Customer Services</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Chat services that provide real-time help for customers have been adopted widely and rapidly on many websites in the past few years. Our paper investigates online live chat customer services from two perspectives: media choice between chat service and web <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, and media use of chat service analyzed from the perspectives of characteristics, interactivity and socioemotional content. We collected four</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shu Zou; Sam Stormont</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">227</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50168806"> <span id="translatedtitle">Configurations of the Internet server with multi-home environment for <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> robustness-a state of the art</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> system should be more robust to be utilized as a central tool in business and medical fields. Toward this robustness, we have worked out a sort of state of the art for the configurations of DNS (Domain Name Service) and sendmail. Our method has six advantages over BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) peering: no need for maintaining high-level administration</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">H. Nogawa; H. Tatsumi; S. Kobayashi; S. Kawai; N. Ohishi; S. Akiba</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">228</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/3607228"> <span id="translatedtitle">Private <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> requests and the diffusion of responsibility ? ? This study conforms to the Technion Ethical Regulations for Human Studies in the Behavioral Sciences</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">E-mail</span> technology provides a way of requesting information or assistance from multiple sources by simultaneously addressing a letter to more than one recipient. Models of prosocial behavior taken from social psychology and economics suggest that the probability of receiving a helpful response is an inverse function of the number of simultaneous addressees. An experiment is presented which examines this prediction</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Greg Barron; Eldad Yechiam</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">229</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Collaborative+AND+Exams&pg=6&id=ED459604"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Collaborative <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> Exchange for Teaching English as a Second Language to Intermediate Level ESL Students: A Case Study in a Hong Kong Secondary School.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This dissertation is a qualitative case study examining the feelings, attitudes, and opinions of secondary school, English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students toward collaborative <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> exchange for the purpose of learning English between 10th and 11th grade between students in Hong Kong and Green River, Iowa, USA. The research looks at the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Greenfield, Roseanne</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">230</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59198647"> <span id="translatedtitle">Examining a framework of dialogue <span class="hlt">e-mails</span> and inquiry into practice to scaffold reflective practice in preservice teachers during their early field experience</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This qualitative study focused on the development of reflective practice with preservice teachers through a framework during an early field experience. The framework provided an explicit structure for the preservice teachers to investigate four focus areas (teachers role, active learning, culture, and assessment). The preservice teachers explored a focus area, dialogued via <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> with a peer, and then discussed their</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Susan L Lloyd</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">231</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993JSEdT...2..565B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign language learning using <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> in a task-oriented perspective: Interuniversity experiments in communication and collaboration</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">From 1988 to 1990 several collaborative “cross-country” intermediate French classes at Harvard and Stanford became one class. Students combined their efforts and insights in the accomplishment of a semester-long task, in most cases the publication of a student newspaper or magazine, using the electronic mail (<span class="hlt">e-mail</span>) network to contact each other, elaborate their plans, and bring their projects to successful conclusion. Additional experiments of a similar nature took place between Harvard and the University of Pittsburgh (in the spring of 1990) and between Stanford and the University of Pittsburgh during 1991 1993. This paper suggests that this type of task-oriented learning through distance-communication is applicable at many different course levels and has considerable merit as an approach to teaching and learning. The key phases of this task-based model are presented along with technological information regarding computers and networks, as a guide to colleagues interested in pursuing similar lines of experimental teaching. Also included are samples of student messages, with their varied and often highly colorful discourse features, which attest to the motivation of students and reveal the strong personal investment made by the participants as they join hands across the miles in a productive, communication-based enterprise. The language and learning styles generated by technology and computers fully deserve closer investigation by researchers and teaching practitioners alike. The authors summarize the experiments, discuss assessment, and present research issues, concluding that good pedagogy and quality technology must share a vision of what can be accomplished in this rapidly evolving educational work place.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Barson, John; Frommer, Judith; Schwartz, Michael</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">232</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ma.utexas.edu/users/davis/375/reading/sciam.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">25 of 41 Result List | Refine Search Print <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Save Folder has 0 items. Formats: Citation HTML Full <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The problem with Lomborg's conclusion is that the scientists themselves disavow it. Many spoke to us at SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN about their frustration at what they described as Lomborg's misrepresentation of their fields. His seemingly dispassionate outsider's view, they told us, is often marred by an incomplete use of the data or a misunderstanding of the underlying science. Even where his</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">233</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17972489"> <span id="translatedtitle">Don't LOL at virtual visits. Technology is allowing more doctors and patients to consult via <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, and insurance companies are reimbursing for it.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In today's "I-gotta-know-now" society, many patients turn to <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> to contact doctors on matters, as opposed to waiting for an in-person office visit. Now, some insurers are actually reimbursing doctors for their electronic time, which is also known as a "virtual visit." Internist Paul Tang, left, doesn't consider the practice mainstream yet. "No one is reimbursing us," he says. PMID:17972489</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robeznieks, Andis</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-10-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">234</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36774452"> <span id="translatedtitle">What Research Has to Say About Gender-Linked Differences in CMC and Does Elementary School Children’s <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Use Fit This Picture?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper first reviews the literature on computer mediated communication (CMC) to examine whether claims about gender-linked\\u000a differences in specific attitudes, styles and content in CMC have been validated. Empirical studies were limited, with considerable\\u000a variation in audiences, tasks, and contexts that was related to varied outcomes. The paper next describes an empirical study\\u000a on the <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> communication of elementary</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hans van der Meij</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">235</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/307324j1432w5352.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Here’s My Phone Number, Don’t Call Me: Physician Accessibility in the Cell Phone and <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Era</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Physician accessibility, for example how available a doctor should be by cell phone or <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> is an important issue that is\\u000a not well understood. There can be large differences between the expectations of patients and the perspective of their providers.\\u000a The rationale for providing accessibility has historical roots and relates to the very basis of the physician–patient relationship\\u000a and the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Reuben K. M. Wong; Jane S. M. Tan; Douglas A. Drossman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">236</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3689826"> <span id="translatedtitle">Self-Help for Depression via <span class="hlt">E-mail</span>: A Randomised Controlled Trial of Effects on Depression and Self-Help Behaviour</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background Self-help or self-management strategies are commonly used to deal with depression, but not all are thought to be helpful. A previous study found that sub-threshold depression symptoms were improved by an <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> intervention that encouraged the use of evidence-based self-help strategies. Aim To investigate whether these <span class="hlt">e-mails</span> were effective for adults with a range of depression symptomatology including major depression. Method The study was a parallel-group randomised controlled trial. Adult participants with any level of depressive symptoms were recruited over the internet from the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and the United States. Participants were randomised to receive a series of <span class="hlt">e-mails</span> either promoting the use of evidence-based self-help strategies or containing depression information as a control. <span class="hlt">E-mails</span> were sent automatically twice a week for six weeks. Depression symptoms were assessed with the self-rated Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-9). Results 1736 participants with a wide range of symptom severity were recruited and assigned to active (n?=?862) and control (n?=?874) groups. However, there was a significant attrition rate, with 66.9% lost to follow-up at post-intervention. Both groups showed large improvements in depression symptoms overall, with no significant difference in improvement at the end of the study (mean difference in improvement 0.35 points, 95% CI: ?0.57 to 1.28, d?=?0.11, 95% CI: ?0.06 to 0.27), although there was a small effect at the study mid-point. Results were similar for the sub-group of participants with major depression. The active group showed small to moderate improvements in self-help behaviour (d?=?0.40, 95% CI: 0.23 to 0.56). Conclusions These results suggest that the <span class="hlt">e-mails</span> were able to increase participants’ use of evidence-based self-help, but that this did not improve depression more than an attention control. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01399502</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Morgan, Amy J.; Jorm, Anthony F.; Mackinnon, Andrew J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">237</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2409193"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Form is the Substance: Classification of Genres in <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Categorization of <span class="hlt">text</span> in IR has traditionally focused on topic. As use of the Internet and <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> increases, categorization has become a key area of research as users demand methods of prioritizing documents. This work investigates <span class="hlt">text</span> classification by format style, i. e. \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nigel Dewdney; Carol Vaness-dykema; Richard Macmillan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">238</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23834445"> <span id="translatedtitle">What a rude <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>! Examining the differential effects of incivility versus support on mood, energy, engagement, and performance in an online context.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Existing research on workplace incivility has demonstrated an association with a host of negative outcomes, including increased burnout, turnover intentions, and physical symptoms. With the rise in Internet communication over the last decade, interpersonal mistreatment has spilled over to the Internet, but little is known about the impact of incivility communicated via <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> on employee psychological and performance outcomes. The current study presents a within-subjects experiment wherein incivility and support were manipulated in a laboratory-based simulated workplace setting. Eighty-four participants completed a series of math tasks while interacting with either an uncivil or a supportive supervisor via <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>. Data were collected on energy, cardiac activity, mood, task performance, and engagement. Findings indicate that participants reported higher levels of negative affect and lower levels of energy after working with the uncivil supervisor than with the supportive supervisor. Additionally, participants performed significantly worse on the math tasks and had lower engagement in the uncivil condition than the supportive condition, and these relationships were mediated by energy. No differences were found in cardiac activity between the two conditions. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for the 21st century world of work. PMID:23834445</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Giumetti, Gary W; Hatfield, Andrea L; Scisco, Jenna L; Schroeder, Amber N; Muth, Eric R; Kowalski, Robin M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">239</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/164145"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multicode: A Truly Multilingual Approach to <span class="hlt">text</span> Encoding</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Unicode was designed to extend <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> for encoding <span class="hlt">text</span> in different languages, but it still has several important drawbacks. Multicode addresses many of Unicode's drawbacks and should have considerable appeal to programmers who work with <span class="hlt">text</span> in a variety of languages. Its future, however, depends on the computer industry's acceptance. Multicode can represent Unicode files because it reserves a character</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Muhammad F. Mudawwar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">240</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=integrated+AND+library+AND+system+AND+review&pg=6&id=EJ410680"> <span id="translatedtitle">Comparing <span class="hlt">Text</span>, Document, and Relational Database Management Systems.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Discusses the critical need for tools to manage, access, and disseminate <span class="hlt">text</span> and image information ranging from free-form <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> data to scanned documents stored on optical media. Current types of integrated <span class="hlt">text</span>/image databases are described and the advancement of technology toward systems that manage large collections of documents made up of…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Reid, Clifford</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span 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</span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">241</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.kingston.ac.uk/~ku03468/includes/docs/Text%20message%20advertising.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> message advertising: Response rates and branding effects</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The development of internet-based mobile electronic commerce (mcommerce) has been slow, but commercial applications for <span class="hlt">text</span> messages have developed rapidly. This paper explores the role of SMS or <span class="hlt">text</span> message advertising. Although SMS advertising is strictly a form of telemarketing, it shares features with <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> marketing and mcommerce. An analysis of 26 <span class="hlt">text</span> marketing campaigns (5,401 respondents) demonstrates the surprising</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ruth Rettie; Ursula Grandcolas; Bethan Deakins</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">242</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/agill1/papers/GillFrench.Euro07final2.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Level of representation and semantic distance: Rating author personality from <span class="hlt">texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Increasingly our perception of others is based on short samples of written <span class="hlt">text</span>, for example, in <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> or chat rooms. In this paper we will examine the extent to which <span class="hlt">text</span> co- occurrence techniques, such as LSA, HAL, and PMI-IR, can be successfully applied to human personality perception based on short written <span class="hlt">texts</span>. In particular, we compare two approaches: The</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alastair J. Gill; LEAD-CNRS UMR; Robert M. French</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">243</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57950108"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Messaging in an Academic Library: Integrating SMS into Digital Reference</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In spring 2005, Sims Memorial Library at Southeastern Louisiana University initiated “<span class="hlt">Text</span> A Librarian,” a service that enables Southeastern students, faculty, and staff to use the <span class="hlt">text</span> message feature of their cell phones to send questions to and receive answers from the library. Librarians at Sims use a dedicated <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging telephone number and “<span class="hlt">e-mail</span>\\/SMS” conversion software, provided by Altarama</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. B. Hill; Cherie Madarash Hill; Dayne Sherman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">244</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=guam&pg=5&id=EJ551566"> <span id="translatedtitle">Degree by <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes Western Governors University, a virtual university (http://www.westgov.org) organized by 15 western states and Guam to offer competency-based degrees via the Internet, electronic mail, computer software, video, or satellite. (Author)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hettinger, James</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">245</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=server&pg=4&id=EJ979950"> <span id="translatedtitle">The BlackBerry Project: Capturing the Content of Adolescents' <span class="hlt">Text</span> Messaging</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This article presents an innovative method for capturing the content of adolescents' electronic communication on handheld devices: <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging, <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, and instant messaging. In an ongoing longitudinal study, adolescents were provided with BlackBerry devices with service plans paid for by the investigators, and use of <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging was…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Underwood, Marion K.; Rosen, Lisa H.; More, David; Ehrenreich, Samuel E.; Gentsch, Joanna K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">246</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22IPA%22&pg=5&id=ED271958"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multibet 1.0: A Proposal for an <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> Translation and a Set of Names for Extended IPA Notation, and Unibet 1.0: A Proposal for a Single-Character Translation of IPA for English.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Two articles propose two systems for American Standard Code for Information Interchange (<span class="hlt">ASCII</span>) translations of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA): Multibet 1.0 and Unibet 1.0. Multibet 1.0 consists of a set of names and a set of <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> translations for the letters and diacritics of the 1979 version of the "Principles of the International…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">MacWhinney, Brian; Marengo, Kathy</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">247</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12638122"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> compression using hybrids of BWT and GBAM.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper we considered a theoretical evaluation of data and <span class="hlt">text</span> compression algorithm based on the Burrows-Wheeler Transform (BWT) and General Bidirectional Associative Memory (GBAM). A new data and <span class="hlt">text</span> lossless compression method, based on the combination of BWT1 and GBAM2 approaches, is presented. The algorithm was tested on many <span class="hlt">texts</span> in different formats (<span class="hlt">ASCII</span> and RTF). The compression ratio achieved is fairly good, on average 28-36%. Decompression is fast. PMID:12638122</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Al-Nassiri, Amer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">248</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3499374"> <span id="translatedtitle">Economic evaluation of a weight control program with <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> and telephone counseling among overweight employees: a randomized controlled trial</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background Distance lifestyle counseling for weight control is a promising public health intervention in the work setting. Information about the cost-effectiveness of such interventions is lacking, but necessary to make informed implementation decisions. The purpose of this study was to perform an economic evaluation of a six-month program with lifestyle counseling aimed at weight reduction in an overweight working population with a two-year time horizon from a societal perspective. Methods A randomized controlled trial comparing a program with two modes of intervention delivery against self-help. 1386 Employees from seven companies participated (67% male, mean age 43 (SD 8.6) years, mean BMI 29.6 (SD 3.5) kg/m2). All groups received self-directed lifestyle brochures. The two intervention groups additionally received a workbook-based program with phone counseling (phone; n=462) or a web-based program with <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> counseling (internet; n=464). Body weight was measured at baseline and 24 months after baseline. Quality of life (EuroQol-5D) was assessed at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after baseline. Resource use was measured with six-monthly diaries and valued with Dutch standard costs. Missing data were multiply imputed. Uncertainty around differences in costs and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios was estimated by applying non-parametric bootstrapping techniques and graphically plotting the results in cost-effectiveness planes and cost-effectiveness acceptability curves. Results At two years the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was €1009/kg weight loss in the phone group and €16/kg weight loss in the internet group. The cost-utility analysis resulted in €245,243/quality adjusted life year (QALY) and €1337/QALY, respectively. The results from a complete-case analysis were slightly more favorable. However, there was considerable uncertainty around all outcomes. Conclusions Neither intervention mode was proven to be cost-effective compared to self-help. Trial registration ISRCTN04265725</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">249</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://apebhconference.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/coopersmith1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The decline of fax (and the rise of keitai, <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, and the Web) in the United States and Japan Asian-Pacific Business and Economic History Conference</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Faxing moved from a marginal to essential business communications technology in the early 1980s in Japan and the late 1980s in the United States. In the late 1990s in the United States and early 2000s in Japan, fax lost its primary role to <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, the worldwide web, and internet-capable cellphones (keitai) as economics, perceptions, and the environment shifted against faxing.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jonathan Coopersmith</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">250</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.adlit.org/strategies/23336/"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Structure</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This web page defines and describes <span class="hlt">text</span> structure, or how the information within a written <span class="hlt">text</span> is organized. It explains the benefits of teaching students to identify and analyze <span class="hlt">text</span> structures within <span class="hlt">text</span> and describes an instructional sequence in which students read examples of different <span class="hlt">text</span> structures and then write paragraphs that follow a specific <span class="hlt">text</span> structure. The site includes definitions and examples of five common <span class="hlt">text</span> structures, and graphic organizers that can be used with each type of <span class="hlt">text</span>. Links to additional resources and research citations are included.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">251</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=text+AND+encoding+AND+initiative&id=EJ531153"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Victorian Women Writers Project: The Library as a Creator and Publisher of Electronic <span class="hlt">Texts</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes the Victorian Women Writers Project, a full-<span class="hlt">text</span> poetry database created and published on the World Wide Web by Indiana University Libraries. Electronic formats such as graphical, character-based, and proprietary files are discussed, along with standards for formatting, including <span class="hlt">ASCII</span>, HTML, and <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiatives. Decisions must…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Willett, Perry</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">252</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2504484"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Zusammenfassung  Im Blickpunkt dieses Artikels stehen die Funktionsweise und die Einsatzpotenziale des <span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining. <span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining läuft in einem mehrstufigen Prozess ab, dessen einzelne Schritte knapp vorgestellt werden. Der Fokus liegt hierbei auf der Datenaufbereitung, bei der mittels Techniken des Natural Language Processing Terme aus den zugrunde liegenden Texten extrahiert werden.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hajo Hippner; René Rentzmann</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">253</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=potato&pg=2&id=EJ655270"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Sets.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Presents annotations of approximately 30 titles grouped in <span class="hlt">text</span> sets. Defines a <span class="hlt">text</span> set as five to ten books on a particular topic or theme. Discusses books on the following topics: living creatures; pirates; physical appearance; natural disasters; and the Irish potato famine. (SG)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Giorgis, Cyndi; Johnson, Nancy J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">254</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1021/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Log <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> Standard (LAS) Files for Geophysical (Gamma Ray) Wireline Well Logs and Their Application to Geologic Cross Section C-C' Through the Central Appalachian Basin</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) regional geologic cross section C-C' (Ryder and others, 2008) displays key stratigraphic intervals in the central Appalachian basin. For this cross section, strata were correlated by using descriptions of well cuttings and gamma ray well log traces. This report summarizes the procedures used to convert gamma ray curves on paper well logs to the digital Log <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) Standard (LAS) format using the third-party software application Neuralog. The procedures could be used with other geophysical wireline logs also. The creation of digital LAS files from paper well logs by using Neuralog is very helpful, especially when dealing with older logs with limited or nonexistent digital data. The LAS files from the gamma ray logs of 11 wells used to construct cross section C-C' are included in this report. They may be downloaded from the index page as a single ZIP file.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Trippi, Michael H.; Crangle, Robert D., Jr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">255</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Literary+criticism%22&pg=4&id=EJ762204"> <span id="translatedtitle">"I Liked It so Much I <span class="hlt">E-mailed</span> Him and Told Him": Teaching "The Lesser Blessed" at the University of California</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This essay is just one story in the ongoing conversation of how to approach teaching indigenous literatures in colonial educational institutions. Through sharing her experiences in teaching Richard Van Camp's "The Lesser Blessed," the author hopes to reveal the power of this particular <span class="hlt">text</span> and the way its effects on students who willingly engage…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Haladay, Jane</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">256</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=space+AND+camp&pg=2&id=EJ762204"> <span id="translatedtitle">"I Liked It so Much I <span class="hlt">E-mailed</span> Him and Told Him": Teaching "The Lesser Blessed" at the University of California</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This essay is just one story in the ongoing conversation of how to approach teaching indigenous literatures in colonial educational institutions. Through sharing her experiences in teaching Richard Van Camp's "The Lesser Blessed," the author hopes to reveal the power of this particular <span class="hlt">text</span> and the way its effects on students who willingly engage…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Haladay, Jane</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">257</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=email&pg=3&id=EJ769338"> <span id="translatedtitle">Stalked by <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> on Vacation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|In this essay, the author describes the difficulties email has introduced to the academic world, from monopolizing faculty's down time to adding a new dimension to interpersonal problems. He discusses the "withdrawal" symptoms he felt when he decided to go without email during a family vacation, and his realization, upon examining the emails sent…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bugeja, Michael</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">258</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/46573456"> <span id="translatedtitle">Providing secure, recoverable <span class="hlt">e-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">While most of the attention lately has been focused on the political aspects of cryptography, some attention has been paid to he mechanisms required for the implementation of such a scheme. To encrypt is simple, numerous means exist from simple ciphers to complex algorithms thought to require thousands of years to break. Concerns have been raised, primarily by law enforcement</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Padgett Peterson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">259</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.inc.com/guide/item/0,,AGD1_GDE96,00.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Publishing Your Own <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> Newsletter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The newest guide from Inc.com offers step-by-step instructions for publishing an email newsletter. This series of articles leads users through the process "from conceptualizing your newsletter to formatting it and delivering it to subscribers." Each of the articles also links to other articles from the Inc.com archives, thus creating an extensive manual for enewsletter creation. By the end of guide, users will have a clear understanding as to the steps they need to take in order to create a successful email newsletter.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">260</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/327712"> <span id="translatedtitle">Automatic <span class="hlt">text</span> decomposition using <span class="hlt">text</span> segments and <span class="hlt">text</span> themes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">With the widespread use of full-<span class="hlt">text</span> information retrieval,passage-retrieval techniques are becoming increasinglypopular. Larger <span class="hlt">texts</span> can then be replacedby important <span class="hlt">text</span> excerpts, thereby simplifying the retrievaltask and improving retrieval effectiveness. Passagelevelevidence about the use of words in local contextsis also useful for resolving language ambiguities and improvingretrieval output.Two main <span class="hlt">text</span> decomposition strategies are introducedin this study, including a...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gerard Salton; Amit Singhal; Chris Buckley; Mandar Mitra</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">261</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/405446"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Introduction: why bother with electronic <span class="hlt">texts</span>?. Document Analysis: defining the essentials of your <span class="hlt">texts</span>. Markup and the Basics of SGML. Introduction to the TEI. TEI Lite. Tagging a <span class="hlt">Text</span>2Introduction. Why do electronic <span class="hlt">texts</span> at all?. Why bother with markup?. The steps of a project:--- clarify goals--- select sample and analyse documents--- specify markup policy--- encode the <span class="hlt">texts</span>--- enrich, reuse, retarget,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. M. Sperberg-mcqueen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">262</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4451273"> <span id="translatedtitle">METER: MEasuring <span class="hlt">TExt</span> Reuse</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper we present results from the METER (MEasuring <span class="hlt">TExt</span> Reuse) project whose aim is to explore issues pertaining to <span class="hlt">text</span> reuse and derivation, especially in the context of newspapers using newswire sources. Although the reuse of <span class="hlt">text</span> by journalists has been studied in linguistics, we are not aware of any investigation using existing computational methods for this particular</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paul Clough; Robert Gaizauskas; Scott S. L. Piao; Yorick Wilks</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">263</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/870592"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>-Translation Alignment</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present an algorithm for aligning <span class="hlt">texts</span> with their translations that is based only on internal evidence. The relaxation process rests on a notion of which word in one <span class="hlt">text</span> corresponds to which word in the other <span class="hlt">text</span> that is essentially based on the similarity of their distributions. It exploits a partial alignment of the word level to induce a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Martin Kay; Martin Röscheisen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">264</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/driving/texting.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Texting</span> on the Move</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">KidsHealth > Teens > Staying Safe > Driving > <span class="hlt">Texting</span> on the Move Print A A A <span class="hlt">Text</span> Size What's in this article? (click to view) What's the Big Deal? ... on something other than the road. In fact, driving while <span class="hlt">texting</span> (DWT) can be more dangerous than driving under ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">265</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/354423"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lightweight Structured <span class="hlt">Text</span> Processing</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> is a popular storage and distribution format for information, partly due to generic <span class="hlt">text</span>-processing tools like Unix grep and sort. Unfortunately, ex- isting generic tools make assumptions about <span class="hlt">text</span> format (e.g., each line is a record) that limit their applicability. Custom-built tools are one alterna- tive, but they require substantial time investment and programming expertise. We describe a new</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robert C. Miller; Brad A. Myers</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">266</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.sttmedia.com/textimages"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>Images</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Those persons who do their own website design will find <span class="hlt">Text</span>Images most useful. Developed by Stefan Trost, this helpful tool allows users to integrate <span class="hlt">text</span> written on images into their websites. Visitors can create single <span class="hlt">text</span> images with this application, along with a wide range of pictures. Visitors also have the ability to precisely adjust the writing, design, format, style, colors, fonts, margins, and spacing as they see fit. The tool is particularly useful for those who want headings or other recurring <span class="hlt">text</span> to look the same regardless of browser or available fonts. This version is compatible with Windows 7, XP, and Vista.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Trost, Stefan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-03-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">267</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=feminist+AND+literary+AND+theory&pg=4&id=EJ492462"> <span id="translatedtitle">Composing <span class="hlt">Texts</span>, Composing Lives.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Using composition, reader response, critical, and feminist theories, a teacher demonstrates how adult students respond critically to literary <span class="hlt">texts</span> and how teachers must critically analyze the <span class="hlt">texts</span> of their teaching practice. Both students and teachers can use writing to bring their experiences to interpretation. (SK)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Perl, Sondra</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">268</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22chemistry+central%22&id=EJ563248"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Perfect <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|A chemistry teacher describes the elements of the ideal chemistry textbook. The perfect <span class="hlt">text</span> is focused and helps students draw a coherent whole out of the myriad fragments of information and interpretation. The <span class="hlt">text</span> would show chemistry as the central science necessary for understanding other sciences and would also root chemistry firmly in the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Russo, Ruth</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">269</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=solar+AND+electricity&pg=6&id=ED173164"> <span id="translatedtitle">Solar Energy Project: <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">text</span> is a compilation of background information which should be useful to teachers wishing to obtain some technical information on solar technology. Twenty sections are included which deal with topics ranging from discussion of the sun's composition to the legal implications of using solar energy. The <span class="hlt">text</span> is intended to provide useful…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tullock, Bruce, Ed.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">270</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=solar+AND+energy+AND+electricity&pg=7&id=ED173164"> <span id="translatedtitle">Solar Energy Project: <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The <span class="hlt">text</span> is a compilation of background information which should be useful to teachers wishing to obtain some technical information on solar technology. Twenty sections are included which deal with topics ranging from discussion of the sun's composition to the legal implications of using solar energy. The <span class="hlt">text</span> is intended to provide useful…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tullock, Bruce, Ed.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">271</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50074846"> <span id="translatedtitle">Symbol ranking <span class="hlt">text</span> compressors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Summary form only given. In 1951 Shannon estimated the entropy of English <span class="hlt">text</span> by giving human subjects a sample of <span class="hlt">text</span> and asking them to guess the next letters. He found, in one example, that 79% of the attempts were correct at the first try, 8% needed two attempts and 3% needed 3 attempts. By regarding the number of attempts</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">P. Fenwick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">272</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/191461"> <span id="translatedtitle">Symbol Ranking <span class="hlt">Text</span> Compression</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In his work on the information content of English <span class="hlt">text</span> in 1951, Shannon described a method of recoding the input <span class="hlt">text</span>, a technique which has apparently lain dormant for the ensuing 45 years. Whereas traditional compressors exploit symbol frequencies and symbol contexts, Shannon's method adds the concept of \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Peter Fenwick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">273</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/cellulargenetherapyproducts/approvedproducts/ucm213957.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Draft Label <span class="hlt">Text</span> - Provenge</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Version... nausea, and feeling cold. Your doctor may recommend or administer calcium to prevent or treat these side effects. If you have ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/cellulargenetherapyproducts</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">274</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA196992"> <span id="translatedtitle">Planning Coherent Multisentential <span class="hlt">Text</span>,</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Though most <span class="hlt">text</span> generators are capable of simply stringing together more than one sentence, they cannot determine which order will ensure a coherent paragraph. A paragraph is coherent when the information in successive sentences follows some pattern of i...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">E. H. Hovy</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">275</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/376780"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Segmentation by Topic</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">. We investigate the problem of <span class="hlt">text</span> segmentation by topic.Applications for this task include topic tracking of broadcast speech dataand topic identification in full-<span class="hlt">text</span> databases. Researchers have tackledsimilar problems before but with different goals. This study focuses ondata with relatively small segment sizes and for which within-segmentsentences have relatively few words in common making the problem challenging.We present a method</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jay M. Ponte; W. Bruce Croft</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">276</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://trec.nist.gov/"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Retrieval Conference (TREC)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">Text</span> REtrieval Conference (TREC) is an annual event that supports "research within the information retrieval community by providing the infrastructure necessary for large-scale evaluation of <span class="hlt">text</span> retrieval methodologies." Proceedings of the conference covering all twelve years of its history are available on the TREC homepage. As TREC has evolved, it has added several focus areas that span new and different topics in information retrieval. These tracks mainly examine methods of searching and filtering different types of data, including genomic records, digital video, and data that is given in multiple languages.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">277</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.tei-c.org/index.xml"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative (TEI) is an "international and interdisciplinary standard that helps libraries, museums, publishers, and individual scholars represent all kinds of literary and linguistic <span class="hlt">texts</span> for online research and teaching." The site offers information about the TEI consortium; recommendations for the encoding of textual material in various languages; TEI Tutorials that provide introductory and advanced teaching materials, presentations, and user case studies; a history archive of TEI publications and working papers; and much more. This site is primarily for individuals who already possess some knowledge of material encoding.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">278</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39339729"> <span id="translatedtitle">Senses and <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper addresses the question of whether it is possible tosense-tag systematically, and on a large scale, and how we shouldassess progress so far. That is to say, how to attach each occurrenceof a word in a <span class="hlt">text</span> to one and only one sense in a dictionary – aparticular dictionary of course, and that is part of the problem. Thepaper</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yorick Wilks</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">279</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA195605"> <span id="translatedtitle">Representation for Narrative <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This report lists and describes the new linguistic information which has been implemented in the TERSE(<span class="hlt">Text</span> Reduction System) system. The software for this deliverable has been delivered and is present on the Symbolics workstation at NRL. The TERSE system...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">280</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=KIT&pg=6&id=EJ982567"> <span id="translatedtitle">Taming the Wild <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|As a well-known advocate for promoting wider reading and reading engagement among all children--and founder of a reading program for foster children--Pam Allyn knows that struggling readers often face any printed <span class="hlt">text</span> with fear and confusion, like Max in the book Where the Wild Things Are. She argues that teachers need to actively create a…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Allyn, Pam</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' 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id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">281</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Cathedral&pg=4&id=ED418456"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reflections of Older <span class="hlt">Texts</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An overseas teaching assignment in 1961 led one educator to visit St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin where he came upon an effigy of Richard Whately and realized that Whately had written a <span class="hlt">text</span> used in many American universities. The educator especially recalled that Whately had said "Encourage your students." He also wrote that the audience…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Reid, Loren</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">282</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52961170"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lyell's Geological <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">RECENTLY, while referring to Charles Lyell' ``Elements of Geology'', it was found that the Yale Library copy, of date September 12, 1839, had been sent by the publishers to Benjamin Silliman. This was the first American edition from the first London edition as published by Kay Bros., Philadelphia, with 316 pages and 295 figures in the <span class="hlt">text</span>. After one hundred</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">G. R. Wieland</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1940-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">283</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/wpsu09-stemcareers.curstext/"> <span id="translatedtitle">STEM Careers Cursive <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This brief video from WPSU compares technologies from yesterday with today. Yesterday a middle school girl writes in cursive while today a girl the same age <span class="hlt">texts</span> on her cell. The video suggests that science will bring us technologies of tomorrow.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wpsu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-11-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">284</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22548598"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>2Quit: results from a pilot test of a personalized, interactive mobile health smoking cessation program.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> messaging programs on mobile phones have shown some promise in helping people quit smoking. <span class="hlt">Text</span>2Quit is an automated, personalized, and interactive mobile health program that sends <span class="hlt">text</span> messages and <span class="hlt">e-mails</span> timed around a participant's quit date over the course of 3 months. The <span class="hlt">text</span> messages include pre- and post-quit educational messages, peer ex-smoker messages, medication reminders and relapse messages, and multiple opportunities for interaction. Study participants were university students (N = 23) enrolled in the <span class="hlt">Text</span>2Quit program. Participants were surveyed at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks after enrollment. The majority of participants agreed that they liked the program at 2 and 4 weeks after enrollment (90.5% and 82.3%, respectively). Support for <span class="hlt">text</span> messages was found to be moderate and higher than that of the <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> and web components. Of participants, 75% reported reading most or all of the <span class="hlt">texts</span>. On average, users made 11.8 responses to the <span class="hlt">texts</span> over a 4-week period, although responses declined after the quit date. The interactive feature for tracking cigarettes was the most used interactive feature, followed by the craving trivia game. This pilot test provides some support for the <span class="hlt">Text</span>2Quit program. A future iteration of the program will include additional tracking features in both the pre-quit and post-quit protocols and an easier entry into the not-quit protocol. Future studies are recommended that identify the value of the interactive and personalized features that characterize this program. PMID:22548598</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Abroms, Lorien C; Ahuja, Meenakshi; Kodl, Yvonne; Thaweethai, Lalida; Sims, Justin; Winickoff, Jonathan P; Windsor, Richard A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">285</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010ase..conf..296W"> <span id="translatedtitle">TCD: A <span class="hlt">Text</span>-Based UML Class Diagram Notation and Its Model Converters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Among several diagrams defined in UML, the class diagram is particularly useful through entire software development process, from early domain analysis stages to later maintenance stages. However conventional UML environments are often inappropriate for collaborative modeling in physically remote locations, such as exchanging models on a public mailing list via email. To overcome this issue, we propose a new diagram notation, called "TCD" (<span class="hlt">Text</span>-based uml Class Diagram), for describing UML class diagrams using <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> <span class="hlt">text</span>. Since <span class="hlt">text</span> files can be easily created, modified and exchanged in anywhere by any computing platforms, TCD facilitates the collaborative modeling with a number of unspecified people. Moreover, we implemented model converters for converting in both directions between UML class diagrams described in the XMI form and those in the TCD form. By using the converters, the reusability of models can be significantly improved because many of UML modeling tools support the XMI for importing and exporting modeling data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Washizaki, Hironori; Akimoto, Masayoshi; Hasebe, Atsushi; Kubo, Atsuto; Fukazawa, Yoshiaki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">286</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.vc.unipmn.it/~mori/e-texts/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Clandestine E-<span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Edited and maintained by Gianluca Mori of the University of Turin-Vercelli, this site currently hosts the full <span class="hlt">texts</span> (in French) of seventeen French clandestine manuscripts from the early enlightenment. As Mori notes, the treatises share an anti-Christian attitude, but beyond that their philosophical inspiration varies, "leading sometimes either to a deist (Examen de la religion) or to an atheist position (Meslier's Memoire, Freret's Lettre de Thrasybule a Leucippe)." The treatises are offered in HTML format, some with related links. Links are also provided to several <span class="hlt">texts</span> on other servers and to related resources. Users may register for email notification of updates to the site, which is also available in French and Italian.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">287</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48420940"> <span id="translatedtitle">Metamemory for narrative <span class="hlt">text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this experiment, we investigated metamemory for narrative <span class="hlt">text</span> passages. Subjects read two stories and made memory predictions\\u000a for the idea units in one and rated the importance of ideas in the other. Half of the subjects were asked to recall the story\\u000a immediately after reading the passages and half were asked to recall 1 week later; half received passages</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ruth H. Maki; Sharon Swett</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">288</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/0kf37b9gvykb4kjr.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Technology of <span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A large amount of information is stored in databases, in intranets or in Internet. This information is organised in documents\\u000a or in <span class="hlt">text</span> documents. The difference depends on the fact if pictures, tables, figures, and formulas are included or not. The\\u000a common problem is to find the desired piece of information, a trend, or an undiscovered pattern from these sources.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ari Visa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">289</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.sacred-texts.com/index.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">Internet Sacred <span class="hlt">Text</span> Archive</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The world's philosophical and religious traditions have found a fine home at the Internet Sacred <span class="hlt">Text</span> Archive, which, as the homepage notes, is "a quiet place in cyberspace devoted to religious tolerance and scholarship." Working together with a number of colleagues and volunteers, JB Hare has compiled this vast archive of sacred and philosophical <span class="hlt">texts</span> from a number of public-domain sources and placed them on the site. What makes the site so intriguing is that Hare has placed detailed information about the sources and standards that have been deployed for each separate project, which will be of great interest to scholars. While the entire site can be searched, there is much to be learned by looking through the topics listed on the main page, which range from Atlantis to Zoroastrianism. Each separate topic contains a number of accurately transcribed (and some times, translated) primary and secondary documents, such as first-hand collections of oral traditions. For persons looking for their own copy of the material contained on the site, a CD-ROM is available for purchase as well.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">290</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ergito.com/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ergito: Virtual <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Ergito's Virtual <span class="hlt">Text</span>, started in 2000, was created to provide a more timely and interactive alternative to printed scientific textbooks at the undergraduate and graduate level. This still-developing Web site covers life science writ large, including molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, biochemistry, immunology, and so on. However, only a small number of features are available free of charge. The first chapter of the molecular biology module -- Genes are DNA -- is available for free, as is Great Experiments, a collection of essays written by authors who conducted original research that has contributed greatly to our understanding of molecular and cellular biology. Great Experiments has a recently added essay by 2001 Nobel Prize winner Paul Nurse, titled "The Discovery of cdc2 as the Key Regulator of the Cell Cycle." These essays are formatted just as the Virtual <span class="hlt">Text</span> pages are, with downloadable figures, a glossary, an online note-taking feature (notes are automatically compiled with a summary of the essay), glossary, and more. Ergito will soon make available Techniques, another free feature offering descriptions of widely used experimental protocols. Even without free access to the larger body of material in this Web site, Ergito is a fantastic resource for learning about molecular and cellular biology. Users must complete a free registration process to access this Web site.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">291</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21560569"> <span id="translatedtitle">Physician. A metapaedogogical <span class="hlt">text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It has generally been thought that the short treatise Physician was written for the beginning medical student and as such it has been criticized for being so superficial as to be worthless for producing anything but an empty charade of a physician. There are also numerous cruces in the <span class="hlt">text</span> on which scholars have failed to come to any consensus. This paper argues that by taking the audience of the treatise to be the beginning instructor rather than the beginning student the tone of and information included in the treatise can be seen to be appropriate and the textual cruces can all be explained with little or no amendment by the same hypothesis. PMID:21560569</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dean-Jones, Lesley</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">292</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=pixel&pg=4&id=EJ642878"> <span id="translatedtitle">Thinking in Pixels: An Editing System for Electronic <span class="hlt">Texts</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Explores implications of increased publication options and examines conceptual distinctions among Fixed-Format, Electronic, and Meta-media Editors. Proposes a keyboard editing/commenting technique that will work across platforms and software programs and in every mode of electronic communication including simple <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>. Suggests an increased…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kuhlenschmidt, Sally; Mosby, Charmaine</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">293</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title16-vol1/pdf/CFR-2009-title16-vol1-sec4-2.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">16 CFR 4.2 - Requirements as to form, and filing of documents other than correspondence.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...in <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> format, WordPerfect, or Microsoft Word). Except as otherwise provided...in <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> format, WordPerfect, or Microsoft Word). (2) The first page of the...in <span class="hlt">ASCII</span> format, WordPerfect, or Microsoft Word) by <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, as the...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">294</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58900940"> <span id="translatedtitle">Monitoring Employee <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>: Efficient Workplaces vs. Employee Privacy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Employer monitoring of electronic mail constitutes an emerging area of the law that is clearly unsettled at this point in time. This iBrief demonstrates that the privacy rights of non public-sector employees are relatively unprotected by the federal and state constitutions, broad judicial interpretations of enacted privacy legislation favor legitimate employer-monitoring practices, and many of the elements of common law</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Corey A. Ciocchetti</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">295</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=influence+AND+facebook&pg=5&id=EJ838820"> <span id="translatedtitle">Archiving Writers' Work in the Age of <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The job of literary archivist is changing as paper manuscripts yield to laptops, Blackberry's, and Facebook content, and digital preservation lets scholars learn more about authors' creative process than ever before. Personal computers and external storage devices have been around for more than a quarter-century, but only now, as the famous…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kolowich, Steve</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">296</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Hara%2c%22&pg=6&id=EJ757303"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cross-Cultural Analysis of <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> Reference</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Studies that examined virtual reference and its potential for collaboration have by and large represented experiences in western English-speaking countries. This article reports the results of a three-nation (Israel, Japan, and Lebanon) comparative analysis to bridge this research gap. Similarities and differences between these countries…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shachaf, Pnina; Meho, Lokman I.; Hara, Noriko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">297</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA400860"> <span id="translatedtitle">Conducting Research Surveys via <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> and the Web.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Low-cost personal computers and the explosive growth of the Internet over the past decade have introduced new methods of conducting research surveys. It is now possible to conduct an entire survey solely through the World Wide Web or by e-mrnl. But, just ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. Schonlau R. D. Fricker M. N. Elliott</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">298</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=prensky&pg=2&id=EJ799846"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> in Academia: Expectations, Use, and Instructional Impact</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The popularity of and reliance on emergent computer-mediated communication technologies such as instant messaging, blogs, and social networks have arguably widened the generation gap between faculty and traditional undergraduate students. Marc Prensky defined this generational technology divide by coining the terms "digital natives" and "digital…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Weiss, Meredith; Hanson-Baldauf, Dana</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">299</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.idei.fr/doc/conf/sic/papers_2009/vanalstyne2.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Productivity Effects of Information Diffusion in <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> Networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We examine the diffusion of different types of information through email networks and the effects of these diffusion patterns on the performance of information workers. In particular, we ask: What predicts the likelihood of individuals becoming aware of a new piece of information, and how quickly they obtain it? Do different types of information exhibit different diffusion patterns, and do</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sinan Aral; Erik Brynjolfsson; Marshall van Alstyne</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">300</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://nicomedia.math.upatras.gr/courses/mnets/mat/Ebel_etal_ScaleFreeTopologyOfEmailNetworks.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Scale-free topology of <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Complex networks such as the World Wide Web or social networks often do not have an engineered architecture but instead are self-organized by the actions of a large number of individuals. From these local interactions nontrivial global phenomena can emerge as, for example, small-world proper- ties @1# or a scale-free distribution of the degree @2#. In small- world networks short</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Holger Ebel; Lutz-Ingo Mielsch; Stefan Bornholdt</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">301</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dis.shef.ac.uk/stevewhittaker/collaborative_task_management_final.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Supporting Collaborative Task Management in <span class="hlt">E-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">ABSTRACT Email is one of the most successful computerapplications ever developed. Despite its success, it is now dogged by numerous problems. Users complain about feeling overwhelmed by the volume of messages they receive, they have difficulties too in organizing and managing their email data, but most importantly they have problems in using email to manage collaborative tasks (Bellotti et al.,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Steve Whittaker</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">302</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/339597"> <span id="translatedtitle">E-Alerts: Material sciences. <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> newsletter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Contents contained here are: Ablative Materials and Ablation; Adhesives and Sealants; Carbon and Graphite; Ceramics, Refractories, and Glass; Coatings, Colorants, and Finishes; Composite Materials; Corrosion and Corrosion Inhibition; Elastomers; Fibers and Textiles; Iron and Iron Alloys; Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids; Materials Degradation and Fouling; Miscellaneous Materials; Nonferrous Metals and Alloys.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">NONE</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">303</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22hyperspace%22&pg=3&id=EJ529115"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teaching Technical Writing through <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>: Making Hyperspace Personal.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes the instructional use of electronic mail, and its implications for technical literacy. Discusses the fall from the illusion of narrative consciousness into the reality of "hypertext consciousness" and the impersonality factor. (SR)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Miles, Thomas H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">304</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://learningcenter.nsta.org/product_detail.aspx?id=10.2505/4/jcst06_035_07_12"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Case Study: <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> From Socrates</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Humans are storytelling animals that learn best when things are put into an experience or story. Teachers seem to think they can just lecture about the principles that they believe govern the world and the students will remember them. This is in spite of much evidence to the contrary. They ignore the fact that large numbers of their students fail or barely pass their courses using the techniques of lecturing. Students learn best on a need-to-know basis--when they are presented with a story that engages them. This articles provides insight on the case study method through a conversation in a chatroom with the philosopher "Socrates" and a college professor.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Herreid, Clyde F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">305</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/316373"> <span id="translatedtitle">How to Edit a Journal by <span class="hlt">E-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The editor of a refereed scientific journal mustsomehow get unpaid referees and unpaid associateeditors to provide prompt evaluations oftechnical papers. The use of electronic mail,with a well organized management system---and the software and sta# to support it---make this possible, without unduly burdeningeither the editor, associate editors, or referees.Some refereed scientific journals have long delaysfrom submission to publication. Others achieve fastturnaround</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Andrew W. Appel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">306</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22780995"> <span id="translatedtitle">Explaining the use of <span class="hlt">text</span>-based communication media: an examination of three theories of media use.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present study examined the factors associated with individuals' use of three different <span class="hlt">text</span>-based communication media: <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, cell-phone <span class="hlt">texting</span>, and Facebook Wall postings. Three theoretical perspectives, including media richness theory, uses and gratifications, and perceived network effects, were examined. Using data from a survey of college students (N=280), the study found that the theoretical constructs from these theories play different roles when applied to different technologies. The results suggest that a simultaneous consideration of technological attributes, users' motivations, and social circumstances in which users select and use the technology is useful for fully understanding the dynamics of the selection and the use of a given technology. PMID:22780995</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Park, Namkee; Chung, Jae Eun; Lee, Seungyoon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">307</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57957390"> <span id="translatedtitle">SMS <span class="hlt">Text</span> Messaging and Science Students: New Opportunities for Librarian Outreach</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study provides a quantitative and qualitative analysis from an organic chemistry laboratory class of student's communication preferences for scheduling an appointment with a science librarian. The communication channels investigated include office hours, phone, <span class="hlt">e-mail</span>, walk-in, and short message service (SMS). The data show that science students primarily use walk-ins, SMS, and <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> as a means of communication. Students tend</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robert Tomaszewski</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">308</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=piles&pg=6&id=ED456450"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Texts</span> in Homes and Communities.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper considers how children's <span class="hlt">text</span> making is shaped by the environment in which the <span class="hlt">texts</span> are made. By considering <span class="hlt">texts</span> made in classrooms and <span class="hlt">texts</span> made in homes, the paper explores how classrooms and homes interact with children's (6-7 year old boys) reflective processes as they create artifacts--drawings, models, and writings. The paper…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pahl, Kate</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">309</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22litterature%22&id=EJ475995"> <span id="translatedtitle">Litterature: Retour au <span class="hlt">texte</span> (Literature: Return to the <span class="hlt">Text</span>).</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Choice of <span class="hlt">texts</span> for use in French language instruction is discussed. It is argued that the <span class="hlt">text</span>'s format (e.g., advertising, figurative poetry, journal article, play, prose, etc.) is instrumental in bringing attention to the language in it, and this has implications for the best uses of different <span class="hlt">text</span> types. (MSE)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Noe, Alfred</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">310</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8203801"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> comprehension, memory, and learning.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">People are often able to reproduce a <span class="hlt">text</span> quite well but are unable to use the information in the <span class="hlt">text</span> for other purposes. Factors that help people to reproduce a <span class="hlt">text</span> have been studied for some time. This article explores ways that enable people to learn from <span class="hlt">texts</span>. Content overlap between a <span class="hlt">text</span> and the reader's prior knowledge is identified as one factor, and methods are proposed to identify whether a <span class="hlt">text</span> is suitable for readers with given background knowledge. For readers with low background knowledge, a <span class="hlt">text</span> should be as coherent and explicit as possible to facilitate learning. However, data are presented to show that for readers with adequate background knowledge, <span class="hlt">texts</span> with coherence gaps that stimulate constructive activities are in fact better for learning. PMID:8203801</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kintsch, W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">311</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fcc.gov/guides/texting-while-driving"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dangers of <span class="hlt">Texting</span> While Driving</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... While Driving Guide Print Email The Dangers of <span class="hlt">Texting</span> While Driving "Putting the brakes on the distracted driving epidemic ... 12th Street, SW Washington, DC 20554 Print Out <span class="hlt">Texting</span> While Driving Guide (pdf) Related Information Filter NTT DOCOMO USA ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">312</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/drugs/antiviraldrugsadvisorycommittee/ucm224182.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pro<span class="hlt">TEXT</span> Print Job</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Version... For motavizumab, MedImmune has included specific <span class="hlt">text</span> in the package insert which describes recommendations for safety monitoring and product ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">313</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/928152"> <span id="translatedtitle">Meaning Representation and <span class="hlt">Text</span> Planning</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">starts with a'world'state, represented by structures of an application program (e. g., an expert system) that has <span class="hlt">text</span> generation needs and an impetus to produce a natu-ral language <span class="hlt">text</span>. The output of generation is a natural language <span class="hlt">text</span>. The generation process involves the tasks of a) delimiting the content of the eventual <span class="hlt">text</span>, b) plano ning its structure, c) selecting</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Christine Defrise; Sergei Nirenburg</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">314</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1021689"> <span id="translatedtitle">Para<span class="hlt">Text</span> : scalable <span class="hlt">text</span> analysis and visualization.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Automated analysis of unstructured <span class="hlt">text</span> documents (e.g., web pages, newswire articles, research publications, business reports) is a key capability for solving important problems in areas including decision making, risk assessment, social network analysis, intelligence analysis, scholarly research and others. However, as data sizes continue to grow in these areas, scalable processing, modeling, and semantic analysis of <span class="hlt">text</span> collections becomes essential. In this paper, we present the Para<span class="hlt">Text</span> <span class="hlt">text</span> analysis engine, a distributed memory software framework for processing, modeling, and analyzing collections of unstructured <span class="hlt">text</span> documents. Results on several document collections using hundreds of processors are presented to illustrate the exibility, extensibility, and scalability of the the entire process of <span class="hlt">text</span> modeling from raw data ingestion to application analysis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dunlavy, Daniel M.; Stanton, Eric T.; Shead, Timothy M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">315</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50821007"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parsumist: A Persian <span class="hlt">text</span> summarizer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The rapid growth of online information services causes the problem of information explosion. Automatic <span class="hlt">text</span> summarization techniques are essential for dealing with this problem. The process of compacting a source document to reduce complexity and length, retaining the most important information is called <span class="hlt">text</span> summarization. This paper introduces PARSUMIST; a <span class="hlt">text</span> summarization system for Persian documents. It can generate generic</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mehrnoush SHAMSFARD; Tara AKHAVAN; Mona ERFANI JOURABCHI</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">316</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/666956"> <span id="translatedtitle">What is this <span class="hlt">text</span> about?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Most work in <span class="hlt">text</span> retrieval aims at presenting the information held by several <span class="hlt">texts</span> in order to give entry clues towards these <span class="hlt">texts</span> and to allow a navigation between them. Besides, a lesser interest is dedicated to the definition of principles for accessing content of single documents. As most information retrieval systems return documents from an initial request made of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nicolas Hernandez; Brigitte Grau</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">317</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=early+AND+forms+AND+of+AND+media&pg=2&id=EJ873481"> <span id="translatedtitle">Slippery <span class="hlt">Texts</span> and Evolving Literacies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The idea of "slippery <span class="hlt">texts</span>" provides a useful descriptor for materials that mutate and evolve across different media. Eight adult gamers, encountering the slippery <span class="hlt">text</span> "American McGee's Alice," demonstrate a variety of ways in which players attempt to manage their attention as they encounter a new <span class="hlt">text</span> with many resonances. The range of their…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mackey, Margaret</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">318</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1278133"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> detection for video analysis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Textual information brings important semantic clues in video content analysis. We describe a method for detection and representation of <span class="hlt">text</span> in video segments. The method consists of seven steps: channel separation, image enhancement, edge detection, edge filtering, character detection, <span class="hlt">text</span> box detection, and <span class="hlt">text</span> line detection. Our results show that this method can be applied to English as well as</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lalitha Agnihotri; Nevenka Dimitrova</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">319</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=OCLC+AND+review&pg=4&id=EJ286979"> <span id="translatedtitle">Choosing Software for <span class="hlt">Text</span> Processing.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Review of <span class="hlt">text</span> processing software for microcomputers covers data entry, <span class="hlt">text</span> editing, document formatting, and spelling and proofreading programs including "Wordstar,""Peach<span class="hlt">Text</span>,""PerfectWriter,""Select," and "The Word Plus.""The Whole Earth Software Catalog" and a new terminal to be manufactured for OCLC by IBM are mentioned. (EJS)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mason, Robert M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">320</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4417975"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> prediction systems: a survey</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> prediction is one of the most widely used techniques to enhance the communication rate in augmentative and alternative communication. Prediction systems are traditionally used by people with disabilities (e.g. people with motor and speech impairments). However, new applications, such as writing short <span class="hlt">text</span> messages via mobile phones, have recently appeared. A vast amount of heterogeneous <span class="hlt">text</span> prediction methods and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nestor Garay-vitoria; Julio Abascal</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' 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showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">321</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=editing+AND+strategies&id=EJ656162"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Editing in Chemistry Instruction.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Describes experiments with Australian high school students that investigated differences in performance on chemistry word problems between two learning strategies: <span class="hlt">text</span> editing, and conventional problem solving. Concluded that <span class="hlt">text</span> editing had no advantage over problem solving in stoichiometry problems, and that the suitability of a <span class="hlt">text</span> editing…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ngu, Bing Hiong; Low, Renae; Sweller, John</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">322</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://web.cs.mun.ca/~harold/Courses/Old/Ling6800.W06/Diary/9608012.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multilingual <span class="hlt">Text</span> Analysis for <span class="hlt">Text</span>-to-Speech Synthesis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a model of <span class="hlt">text</span> analysis for <span class="hlt">text</span>-to-speech (TTS) syn- thesis based on weighted finite-state transducers, which serves as the <span class="hlt">text</span>-analysis module of the multilingual Bell Labs TTS system. The transducers are constructed using a lexical toolkit that allows declarative descriptions of lexicons, morphological rules, numeral- expansion rules, and phonological rules, inter alia. To date, the model has been</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Richard Sproat</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">323</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009LNCS.5721...39T"> <span id="translatedtitle">Succinct <span class="hlt">Text</span> Indexing with Wildcards</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A succinct <span class="hlt">text</span> index uses space proportional to the <span class="hlt">text</span> itself, say, two times n log? for a <span class="hlt">text</span> of n characters over an alphabet of size ?. In the past few years, there were several exciting results leading to succinct indexes that support efficient pattern matching. In this paper we present the first succinct index for a <span class="hlt">text</span> that contains wildcards. The space complexity of our index is (3 + o(1))n log? + O(?logn) bits, where ? is the number of wildcard groups in the <span class="hlt">text</span>. Such an index finds applications in indexing genomic sequences that contain single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), which could be modeled as wildcards.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tam, Alan; Wu, Edward; Lam, Tak-Wah; Yiu, Siu-Ming</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">324</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4244627"> <span id="translatedtitle">Encoding standards for large <span class="hlt">text</span> resources: The <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative (TEI) is an international project established in 1988 to develop guidelines for the preparation and interchange of electronic <span class="hlt">texts</span> for research, and to satisfy a broad range of uses by the language industries more generally. The need for standardized encoding practices has become inxreasingly critical as the need to use and, most importantly, reuse vast amounts</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nancy Ide</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">325</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cavi.univ-paris3.fr/lexicometrica/jadt/jadt2004/pdf/JADT_051.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Categorisation of Racist <span class="hlt">Texts</span> Using a Support Vector Machine</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The automatic processing of <span class="hlt">text</span> is a major challenge because of the increasing availability of textual informa- tion and the need to organise and manage such information effectively and efficiently. Automatic <span class="hlt">Text</span> Categori- sation is one of a number of functions we would like to have available to us and involves the assignment of one or more predefined categories to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Edel P. Greevy; Alan F. Smeaton</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">326</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12703720"> <span id="translatedtitle">Segmental intelligibility of four currently used <span class="hlt">text</span>-to-speech synthesis methods.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The study investigated the segmental intelligibility of four currently available <span class="hlt">text</span>-to-speech (TTS) products under 0-dB and 5-dB signal-to-noise ratios. The products were IBM ViaVoice version 5.1, which uses formant coding, Festival version 1.4.2, a diphone-based LPC TTS product, AT&T Next-Gen, a half-phone-based TTS product that uses harmonic-plus-noise method for synthesis, and FlexVoice2, a hybrid TTS product that combines concatenative and formant coding techniques. Overall, concatenative techniques were more intelligible than formant or hybrid techniques, with formant coding slightly better at modeling vowels and concatenative techniques marginally better at synthesizing consonants. No TTS product was better at resisting noise interference than others, although all were more intelligible at 5 dB than at 0-dB SNR. The better TTS products in this study were, on the average, 22% less intelligible and had about 3 times more phoneme errors than human voice under comparable listening conditions. The hybrid TTS technology of FlexVoice had the lowest intelligibility and highest error rates. There were discernible patterns of errors for stops, fricatives, and nasals. Unrestricted TTS output--<span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages, news reports, and so on--under high noise conditions prevalent in automobiles, airports, etc. will likely challenge the listeners. PMID:12703720</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Venkatagiri, Horabail S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">327</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1659907"> <span id="translatedtitle">Maximizing <span class="hlt">text</span>-mining performance</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">With the advent of centralized data warehouses, where\\u000a data might be stored as electronic documents or as <span class="hlt">text</span>\\u000a fields in databases, <span class="hlt">text</span> mining has increased in\\u000a importance and economic value. One important goal in <span class="hlt">text</span>\\u000a mining is automatic classification of electronic\\u000a documents. Computer programs scan <span class="hlt">text</span> in a document and\\u000a apply a model that assigns the document to one or</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sholom M. Weiss; Chidanand Apte; Fred J. Damerau; David E. Johnson; Frank J. Oles; Thilo Goetz; Thomas Hampp</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">328</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.textarc.org/"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>Arc: An Alternate Way to View a <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Textarc is an unconventional tool that gives readers the opportunity to discover patterns and concepts in <span class="hlt">texts</span>. Still in a developmental stage, the site offers readers the opportunity to utilize human visual processing by allowing intuition to help extract meaning from a <span class="hlt">text</span>. By exposing every word at once, the eye is able to make connections and decipher meaning otherwise overlooked by normal reading, thereby exposing the essence of a <span class="hlt">text</span>. The site currently has Hamlet available as a full textarc <span class="hlt">text</span>, and is in the process of exposing more literary works. Not only of value for avid readers and literary critics, the site offers librarians and archivists new approaches to cataloguing. On the whole, this new and innovative creation is at a minimum intriguing, and the site is definitely worth a visit.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">329</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/5806193"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> mining for technology monitoring</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A considerable part of scientific and technological knowledge is coded in writing. In this context, automated <span class="hlt">text</span> categorization can be regarded as a promising tool particularly for patent data analysis. In a real-life example, we show that automated <span class="hlt">text</span> categorization can closely resemble the time-consuming categorisation job of an expert. By comparing different algorithms we reveal systematic differences in their</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thorsten Teichert; Marc-Andre Mittermayer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">330</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu/W/W97/W97-0304.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Segmentation Using Exponential Models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper introduces a new statistical ap- proach to partitioning <span class="hlt">text</span> automatically into coherent segments. Our approach en- lists both short-range and long-range lan- guage models to help it sniff out likely sites of topic changes in <span class="hlt">text</span>. To aid its search, the system consults a set of simple lexical hints it has learned to associate with the presence of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Doug Beeferman; Adam L. Berger; John D. Lafferty</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">331</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://widit.slis.indiana.edu/irpub/SIGIR/1994/pdf1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Algorithm for Training <span class="hlt">Text</span> Classifiers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The ability to cheaply train <span class="hlt">text</span> classifiers is critical to their use in information retrieval, content analysis, natural language processing, and other tasks involving data which is partly or fully textual. An algorithm for sequential sampling during machine learning of statistical classifiers was developed and tested on a newswire <span class="hlt">text</span> categorization task. This method, which we call uncertainty sampling, reduced</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David D. Lewis; William A. Gale</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">332</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37392038"> <span id="translatedtitle">DISFLUENCIES IN COMPREHENDING ARGUMENTATIVE <span class="hlt">TEXTS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In two experiments, we examine university students' ability to comprehend authentic argumentative <span class="hlt">texts</span> and factors that influence their application of this skill. Participants read several relatively lengthy arguments and identified the main claim and reasons. Experiment 1 shows that participants are not skilled at identifying key elements from an argumentative <span class="hlt">text</span> (only 30% accuracy). The performance of participants of all</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">MEREDITH LARSON; M. ANNE BRITT; AARON A. LARSON</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">333</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/46773614"> <span id="translatedtitle">The encoding of spoken <span class="hlt">texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">There is a great deal of variation in the encoding of spoken <span class="hlt">texts</span> in electronic form, both with respect to the types of features represented and the way particular features are rendered. This paper surveys problems in the electronic representation of speech and presents the solutions proposed by the <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative. The special tags needed for the encoding of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stig Johansson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">334</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/13321174"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Messaging During Simulated Driving</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective: This research aims to identify the impact of <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging on simulated driving performance. Background: In the past decade, a number of on-road, epidemiological, and simulator-based studies reported the negative impact of talking on a cell phone on driving behavior. However, the impact of <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging on simulated driving performance is still not fully understood. Method: Forty participants engaged</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Frank A. Drews; Hina Yazdani; Celeste N. Godfrey; Joel M. Cooper; David L. Strayer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">335</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/13290412"> <span id="translatedtitle">Symbolic representation of <span class="hlt">text</span> documents</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a novel method of representing a <span class="hlt">text</span> document by the use of interval valued symbolic features. A method of classification of <span class="hlt">text</span> documents based on the proposed representation is also presented. The newly proposed model significantly reduces the dimension of feature vectors and also the time taken to classify a given document. Further, extensive experimentations are conducted</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. S. Guru; B. S. Harish; S. Manjunath</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">336</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/485917"> <span id="translatedtitle">Automatic Structuring of Written <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">?? Abstract. This paper deals with automatic structuring and sentence boundary labelling in natural language <span class="hlt">texts</span>. We describe the imple- mented structure tagging algorithm and heuristic rules that are used for automatic or semiautomatic labelling. Inside the detected sentence the algorithm performs a decomposition to clauses and then marks the parts of <span class="hlt">text</span> which do not form a sentence, i.e.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marek Veber; Ales Horák; Rostislav Julinek; Pavel Smrz</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">337</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55250"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> mining with conceptual graphs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method for conceptual clustering of a collection of <span class="hlt">texts</span> represented with conceptual graphs is presented. It uses an incremental strategy to construct the cluster hierarchy and incorporates some characteristics attractive for <span class="hlt">text</span> mining purposes. For instance, it considers the structural information of the graphs, uses domain knowledge to detect the clusters with generalized descriptions, and uses a user-defined similarity</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. Montes-Y-Gomez; A. Gelbukh; A. Lopez-Lopez; R. Baeza-Yates</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">338</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://nlp.cic.ipn.mx/publications/2001/nlpke-2001-text-mining.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">TEXT</span> MINING WITH CONCEPTUAL GRAPHS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method for conceptual clustering of a collection of <span class="hlt">texts</span> represented with conceptual graphs is presented. It uses the incremental strategy to construct the clus- ter hierarchy and incorporates some characteristics attractive for <span class="hlt">text</span> mining proposes. For instance, it considers the structural information of the graphs, uses domain knowledge to detect the clusters with generalized descriptions, and uses a user-defined</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. MONTES-Y-GÓMEZ; A. GELBUKH; A. LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ; R. BAEZA-YATES</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">339</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www-nlp.stanford.edu/~mgalley/papers/icassp05-speech_summ.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">From <span class="hlt">text</span> to speech summarization</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper, we present approaches used in <span class="hlt">text</span> summarization, showing how they can be adapted for speech summarization and where they fall short. Informal style and apparent lack of structure in speech mean that the typical approaches used for <span class="hlt">text</span> summarization must be extended for use with speech. We illustrate how features derived from speech can help determine summary</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kathleen McKeown; Julia Hirschberg; Michel Galley; Sameer Maskey</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">340</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.mariapinto.es/ciberabstracts/Articulos/15.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Summarization Using Lexical Chains</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> summarization addresses both the problem of selecting the most important portions of <span class="hlt">text</span> and the problem of generating coherent summaries. We present in this paper the summarizer of the University of Lethbridge at DUC 2001, which is based on an efficient use of lexical chains.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Meru Brunn; Yllias Chali; Christopher J. Pinchak</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">341</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011snda.book..353A"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining in Social Networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Social networks are rich in various kinds of contents such as <span class="hlt">text</span> and multimedia. The ability to apply <span class="hlt">text</span> mining algorithms effectively in the context of <span class="hlt">text</span> data is critical for a wide variety of applications. Social networks require <span class="hlt">text</span> mining algorithms for a wide variety of applications such as keyword search, classification, and clustering. While search and classification are well known applications for a wide variety of scenarios, social networks have a much richer structure both in terms of <span class="hlt">text</span> and links. Much of the work in the area uses either purely the <span class="hlt">text</span> content or purely the linkage structure. However, many recent algorithms use a combination of linkage and content information for mining purposes. In many cases, it turns out that the use of a combination of linkage and content information provides much more effective results than a system which is based purely on either of the two. This paper provides a survey of such algorithms, and the advantages observed by using such algorithms in different scenarios. We also present avenues for future research in this area.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aggarwal, Charu C.; Wang, Haixun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">342</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/alex/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Alex Catalog of Electronic <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This catalog, maintained by Eric Lease Morgan, a systems librarian at North Carolina State University, specializes in American literature, English literature, and philosophy. Alex is particularly helpful because the search interface allows researchers to both look for documents and search the content of those documents. Users first search standard fields such as author, title, or publication date; then they can search the content of documents they select from their returns list. Though returns in content searches would be more convenient were they hyperlinked to the complete record for the <span class="hlt">text</span>, such a search nonetheless has obvious utility for someone writing on, for example, flower imagery in Shakespearian sonnets or Emerson's vision of democracy. Another nice feature of the catalog is the ability to convert documents to .pdf files on-the-fly (with the font and spacing customizable). Alternately, users can download the whole collection of American or English literature or philosophy <span class="hlt">texts</span> and the tools to search the <span class="hlt">texts</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">343</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998SPIE.3305..130Z"> <span id="translatedtitle">Finding <span class="hlt">text</span> in color images</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper, we consider the problem of locating and extracting <span class="hlt">text</span> from WWW images. A previous algorithm based on color clustering and connected components analysis works well as long as the color of each character is relatively uniform and the typography is fairly simple. It breaks down quickly, however, when these assumptions are violated. In this paper, we describe more robust techniques for dealing with this challenging problem. We present an improved color clustering algorithm that measures similarity based on both RGB and spatial proximity. Layout analysis is also incorporated to handle more complex typography. THese changes significantly enhance the performance of our <span class="hlt">text</span> detection procedure.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhou, Jiangying; Lopresti, Daniel P.; Tasdizen, Tolga</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">344</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/jmlr/papers/volume2/lodhi02a/lodhi02a.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Classification using String Kernels</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We propose a novel approach for categorizing <span class="hlt">text</span>\\u000a documents based on the use of a special kernel. The kernel\\u000a is an inner product in the feature space generated by all\\u000a subsequences of length k. A subsequence is any ordered\\u000a sequence of k characters occurring in the <span class="hlt">text</span> though not\\u000a necessarily contiguously. The subsequences are weighted by\\u000a an exponentially decaying factor</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Huma Lodhi; Craig Saunders; John Shawe-Taylor; Nello Cristianini; Christopher J. C. H. Watkins</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">345</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3502861"> <span id="translatedtitle">Biomarker Identification Using <span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Identifying molecular biomarkers has become one of the important tasks for scientists to assess the different phenotypic states of cells or organisms correlated to the genotypes of diseases from large-scale biological data. In this paper, we proposed a <span class="hlt">text</span>-mining-based method to discover biomarkers from PubMed. First, we construct a database based on a dictionary, and then we used a finite state machine to identify the biomarkers. Our method of <span class="hlt">text</span> mining provides a highly reliable approach to discover the biomarkers in the PubMed database.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Li, Hui; Liu, Chunmei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">346</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23197989"> <span id="translatedtitle">Biomarker identification using <span class="hlt">text</span> mining.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Identifying molecular biomarkers has become one of the important tasks for scientists to assess the different phenotypic states of cells or organisms correlated to the genotypes of diseases from large-scale biological data. In this paper, we proposed a <span class="hlt">text</span>-mining-based method to discover biomarkers from PubMed. First, we construct a database based on a dictionary, and then we used a finite state machine to identify the biomarkers. Our method of <span class="hlt">text</span> mining provides a highly reliable approach to discover the biomarkers in the PubMed database. PMID:23197989</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Li, Hui; Liu, Chunmei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-11-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">347</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=J.D.Salinger&id=EJ513253"> <span id="translatedtitle">Interpreting <span class="hlt">Texts</span> in Classroom Contexts.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Describes a series of instructional episodes in an 11th-grade classroom discussing J.D. Salinger's short story "The Laughing Man." Presents and discusses the "<span class="hlt">Text</span> and Context" model for the negotiation of interpretations in classroom contexts. Offers suggestions for developing interpretive classroom communities. (SR)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Unrau, Norman J.; Ruddell, Robert B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">348</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58847074"> <span id="translatedtitle">Postmodern <span class="hlt">Texts</span> and Emotional Audiences</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Chabot Davis analyzes contemporary <span class="hlt">texts</span> that bond together two seemingly antithetical sensibilities: the sentimental and the postmodern. Ranging across multiple media and offering a methodological union of textual analysis and reception study, Chabot Davis presents case studies of audience responses. Chabot Davis argues that sentimental postmodernism deepened leftist political engagement by moving audiences to identify emotionally with people across the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kimberly Chabot Davis</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">349</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.psych.rochester.edu/SDT/documents/1990_RyanConnellPlant_LID.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Emotions in nondirected <span class="hlt">text</span> learning</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Two studies examined the influence of emotions on nondirected learning. Nondirected learning is conceptualized as learning which occurs in the absence of external prompts, reinforcements, or specific instruction. In Study 1, one of two expository <span class="hlt">texts</span> was given to ninety-two undergraduate subjects for the ostensible purpose of obtaining attitudinal and emotional ratings. Two separate measures of motivational and emotional factors</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">RICHARD M. RYAN; JAMES P. CONNELL; ROBERT W. PLANT</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">350</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=walden&pg=3&id=EJ617800"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reviving "Walden": Mining the <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Describes how the author and her high school English students begin their study of Thoreau's "Walden" by mining the <span class="hlt">text</span> for quotations to inspire their own writing and discussion on the topic, "How does Thoreau speak to you or how could he speak to someone you know?" (SR)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hewitt Julia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">351</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/15924"> <span id="translatedtitle">Acquiring Disambiguation Rules from <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An effective procedure for automatically acquiring a new set of disambiguation rules for an existing deterministic parser on the basis of tagged <span class="hlt">text</span> is presented. Performance of the automatically acquired rules is much better than the existing hand-written disambiguation rules. The success of the acquired rules depends on using the linguistic information encoded in the parser; enhancements to various components</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Donald Hindle</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">352</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=solar+AND+collector&pg=3&id=ED171534"> <span id="translatedtitle">Solar Concepts: A Background <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This <span class="hlt">text</span> is designed to provide teachers, students, and the general public with an overview of key solar energy concepts. Various energy terms are defined and explained. Basic thermodynamic laws are discussed. Alternative energy production is described in the context of the present energy situation. Described are the principal contemporary solar…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gorham, Jonathan W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">353</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=twin+AND+towers&id=ED464328"> <span id="translatedtitle">Transformation and <span class="hlt">Text</span>: Journal Pedagogy.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|One intention that an instructor had for her new course called "Writing and Healing: Women's Journal Writing" was to make apparent the power of self-written <span class="hlt">text</span> to transform the writer. She asked her students--women studying women writing their lives and women writing their own lives--to write three pages a day and to focus on change. The…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ellis, Carol</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">354</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ling-alpha.wustl.edu/~bkessler/ACL1997/ACL1997.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Automatic Detection of <span class="hlt">Text</span> Genre</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">As the <span class="hlt">text</span> databases available to users become larger and more heterogeneous, genre becomes increasingly important for computational linguistics as a complement to topical and structural principles of classification. We propose a theory of genres as bundles of , which correlate with various surface cues, and argue that genre detection based on surface cues is as successful as detection based</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brett Kessler; Geoffrey Nunberg; Hinrich Schuetze</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">355</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aifb.uni-karlsruhe.de/WBS/pci/lrec04.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Clustering Concept Hierarchies from <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a novel approach to learning taxonomies or concept hierarchies from <span class="hlt">text</span>. The approach is based on Formal Concept Analysis, a method mainly used for the analysis of data, i.e. for investigating and processing explicitly given information. Our approach is based on the distributional hypothesis, i.e. that nouns or terms are similar to the extent to which they share</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Philipp Cimiano; Andreas Hotho</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">356</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=teachers+AND+reading+AND+students&pg=2&id=EJ930743"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reading Instruction and <span class="hlt">Text</span> Difficulty</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|An observational study investigated the influence of <span class="hlt">text</span> difficulty (independent, instructional, or frustration level) on the reading experiences of students in grades 1-3 in two schools for the deaf. Participants included 12 students who are deaf or hard of hearing and 5 educators. The most significant findings were twofold. First, students…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Donne, Vicki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">357</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4743537"> <span id="translatedtitle">Critical Edition of Sanskrit <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A critical edition takes into account all the different known versions of the same <span class="hlt">text</span> in order to show the differ- ences between any two distinct versions. The construction of a critical edition is a long and, sometimes, tedious work. Some software that help the philologist in such a task have been available for a long time for the European</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marc Csernel; François Patte</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">358</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1334520"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>-independent speaker identification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We describe current approaches to <span class="hlt">text</span>-independent speaker identification based on probabilistic modeling techniques. The probabilistic approaches have largely supplanted methods based on comparisons of long-term feature averages. The probabilistic approaches have an important and basic dichotomy into nonparametric and parametric probability models. Nonparametric models have the advantage of being potentially more accurate models (though possibly more fragile) while parametric models</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">H. Gish; M. Schmidt</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">359</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22hash%22&pg=2&id=EJ395474"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predictive Encoding in <span class="hlt">Text</span> Compression.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Presents three <span class="hlt">text</span> compression methods of increasing power and evaluates each based on the trade-off between compression gain and processing time. The advantages of using hash coding for speed and optimal arithmetic coding to successor information for compression gain are discussed. (26 references) (Author/CLB)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Raita, Timo; Teuhola, Jukka</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">360</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011SPIE.7874E..40X"> <span id="translatedtitle">Boosting based <span class="hlt">text</span> and non-<span class="hlt">text</span> region classification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Layout analysis is a crucial process for document image understanding and information retrieval. Document layout analysis depends on page segmentation and block classification. This paper describes an algorithm for extracting blocks from document images and a boosting based method to classify those blocks as machine printed <span class="hlt">text</span> or not. The feature vector which is fed into the boosting classifier consists of a four direction run-length histogram, and connected components features in both background and foreground. Using a combination of features through a boosting classifier, we obtain an accuracy of 99.5% on our test collection.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Xie, Binqing; Agam, Gady</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">361</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007SPIE.6505E..32M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Syntactic tools for <span class="hlt">text</span> watermarking</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper explores the morphosyntactic tools for <span class="hlt">text</span> watermarking and develops a syntax-based natural language watermarking scheme. Turkish, an agglutinative language, provides a good ground for the syntax-based natural language watermarking with its relatively free word order possibilities and rich repertoire of morphosyntactic structures. The unmarked <span class="hlt">text</span> is first transformed into a syntactic tree diagram in which the syntactic hierarchies and the functional dependencies are coded. The watermarking software then operates on the sentences in syntax tree format and executes binary changes under control of Wordnet to avoid semantic drops. The key-controlled randomization of morphosyntactic tool order and the insertion of void watermark provide a certain level of security. The embedding capacity is calculated statistically, and the imperceptibility is measured using edit hit counts.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Meral, Hasan M.; Sevinç, Emre; Ünkar, Ersin; Sankur, Bülent; Özsoy, A. S.; Güngör, Tunga</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">362</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.best.com/~ddfr/Academic/Price_Theory/PThy_ToC.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Price Theory: An Intermediate <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">David D. Friedman, Professor of Law at Santa Clara University, has made his textbook, "Price Theory: An Intermediate <span class="hlt">Text</span>" available on the web. The book focuses on trying to teach students the "economic way of thinking" and the "analytical core of economics -- price theory." Topics covered include consumer choice, market structure and economic efficiency. Price Theory also contains chapters on less conventional topics such as the political marketplace, the economics of law and law breaking; and the economics of love and marriage.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Friedman, David D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">363</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/156703"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multilingual Authoring Using Feedback <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">There are obvious reasons for trying to automate the production of multilingual documentation, especially for routine subject-matter in restricted domains (e.g. technical instructions). Two approaches have been adopted: Machine Translation (MT) of a source <span class="hlt">text</span>, and Multilingual Natural Language Generation (M-NLG) from a knowledge base. For MT, information extraction is a major difficulty, since the meaning must be derived by</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Richard Power; Donia Scott</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">364</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48132150"> <span id="translatedtitle">Decision Support via <span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The growing volume of textual data presents genuine, modern day challenges that traditional decision support systems, focused\\u000a on quantitative data processing, are unable to address. The costs of competitive intelligence, customer experience metrics,\\u000a and manufacturing controls are escalating as organizations are buried in piles of open-ended responses, news articles and\\u000a documents. The emerging field of <span class="hlt">text</span> mining is capable of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Josh Froelich; Sergei Ananyan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">365</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17500134"> <span id="translatedtitle">[On two antique medical <span class="hlt">texts</span>].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The two <span class="hlt">texts</span> presented here--Regimento proueytoso contra ha pestenença [literally, "useful regime against pestilence"] and Modus curandi cum balsamo ["curing method using balm"]--represent the extent of Portugal's known medical library until circa 1530, produced in gothic letters by foreign printers: Germany's Valentim Fernandes, perhaps the era's most important printer, who worked in Lisbon between 1495 and 1518, and Germdo Galharde, a Frenchman who practiced his trade in Lisbon and Coimbra between 1519 and 1560. Modus curandi, which came to light in 1974 thanks to bibliophile José de Pina Martins, is anonymous. Johannes Jacobi is believed to be the author of Regimento proueytoso, which was translated into Latin (Regimen contra pestilentiam), French, and English. Both <span class="hlt">texts</span> are presented here in facsimile and in modern Portuguese, while the first has also been reproduced in archaic Portuguese using modern typographical characters. This philological venture into sixteenth-century medicine is supplemented by a scholarly glossary which serves as a valuable tool in interpreting not only Regimento proueytoso but also other <span class="hlt">texts</span> from the era. Two articles place these documents in historical perspective. PMID:17500134</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rosa, Maria Carlota</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">366</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://foap.uvt.nl/enlg2009/pdf/enlg2009-regina-barzilay.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Probabilistic Approaches for Modeling <span class="hlt">Text</span> Structure and Their Application to <span class="hlt">Text-to-Text</span> Generation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">\\u000a Since the early days of generation research, it has been acknowledged that modeling the global structure of a document is\\u000a crucial for producing coherent, readable output. However, traditional knowledge-intensive approaches have been of limited\\u000a utility in addressing this problem since they cannot be effectively scaled to operate in domain-independent, large-scale applications.\\u000a Due to this difficulty, existing <span class="hlt">text-to-text</span> generation systems rarely</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Regina Barzilay</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">367</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2955206"> <span id="translatedtitle">Processing DNA molecules as <span class="hlt">text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is the DNA-equivalent of Gutenberg’s movable type printing, both allowing large-scale replication of a piece of <span class="hlt">text</span>. De novo DNA synthesis is the DNA-equivalent of mechanical typesetting, both ease the setting of <span class="hlt">text</span> for replication. What is the DNA-equivalent of the word processor? Biology labs engage daily in DNA processing—the creation of variations and combinations of existing DNA—using a plethora of manual labor-intensive methods such as site-directed mutagenesis, error-prone PCR, assembly PCR, overlap extension PCR, cleavage and ligation, homologous recombination, and others. So far no universal method for DNA processing has been proposed and, consequently, no engineering discipline that could eliminate this manual labor has emerged. Here we present a novel operation on DNA molecules, called Y, which joins two DNA fragments into one, and show that it provides a foundation for DNA processing as it can implement all basic <span class="hlt">text</span> processing operations on DNA molecules including insert, delete, replace, cut and paste and copy and paste. In addition, complicated DNA processing tasks such as the creation of libraries of DNA variants, chimeras and extensions can be accomplished with DNA processing plans consisting of multiple Y operations, which can be executed automatically under computer control. The resulting DNA processing system, which incorporates our earlier work on recursive DNA composition and error correction, is the first demonstration of a unified approach to DNA synthesis, editing, and library construction. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s11693-010-9059-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shabi, Uri; Kaplan, Shai; Linshiz, Gregory; BenYehezkel, Tuval; Buaron, Hen; Mazor, Yair</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">368</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23874909"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identifying issue frames in <span class="hlt">text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Framing, the effect of context on cognitive processes, is a prominent topic of research in psychology and public opinion research. Research on framing has traditionally relied on controlled experiments and manually annotated document collections. In this paper we present a method that allows for quantifying the relative strengths of competing linguistic frames based on corpus analysis. This method requires little human intervention and can therefore be efficiently applied to large bodies of <span class="hlt">text</span>. We demonstrate its effectiveness by tracking changes in the framing of terror over time and comparing the framing of abortion by Democrats and Republicans in the U.S. PMID:23874909</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sagi, Eyal; Diermeier, Daniel; Kaufmann, Stefan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-16</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">369</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://learningcenter.nsta.org/product_detail.aspx?id=10.2505/4/sc06_044_03_22"> <span id="translatedtitle">Primary Students and Informational <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Anyone who has spent time looking into science books with young children has no doubt experienced the endless questions that the information and visuals in the books can stimulate. Can snakes climb trees? How do frogs hide from predators? Why do volcanoes erupt? Books prompt questions, which can lead to further reading about and investigations of science topics. Whether from a textbook or a nonfiction trade book, informational <span class="hlt">text</span> can be the fuel that sparks curiosity about and interest in science, thus contributing to the development of science attitudes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yopp, Hallie K.; Yopp, Ruth H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">370</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ucc.ie/celt/"> <span id="translatedtitle">CELT: Corpus of Electronic <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">CELT, an "online database of contemporary and historical topics from many areas, including literature and the other arts," is aimed at the greatest possible range of readers, from academic scholars to the general public. <span class="hlt">Texts</span> at the site can be searched, read on-screen, or downloaded. Other works available at CELT include essays by Michael Collins, the Dail debates on the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, works by James Connolly and Padraic Pearse, and almost the whole corpus of Hiberno-Norman French poetry.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">371</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19965054"> <span id="translatedtitle">Automatic segmentation of clinical <span class="hlt">texts</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Clinical narratives, such as radiology and pathology reports, are commonly available in electronic form. However, they are also commonly entered and stored as free <span class="hlt">text</span>. Knowledge of the structure of clinical narratives is necessary for enhancing the productivity of healthcare departments and facilitating research. This study attempts to automatically segment medical reports into semantic sections. Our goal is to develop a robust and scalable medical report segmentation system requiring minimum user input for efficient retrieval and extraction of information from free-<span class="hlt">text</span> clinical narratives. Hand-crafted rules were used to automatically identify a high-confidence training set. This automatically created training dataset was later used to develop metrics and an algorithm that determines the semantic structure of the medical reports. A word-vector cosine similarity metric combined with several heuristics was used to classify each report sentence into one of several pre-defined semantic sections. This baseline algorithm achieved 79% accuracy. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier trained on additional formatting and contextual features was able to achieve 90% accuracy. Plans for future work include developing a configurable system that could accommodate various medical report formatting and content standards. PMID:19965054</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Apostolova, Emilia; Channin, David S; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Furst, Jacob; Lytinen, Steven; Raicu, Daniela</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">372</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009mcgb.conf...25K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Efficient Index for Handwritten <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper deals with one of the new emerging multimedia data types, namely, handwritten cursive <span class="hlt">text</span>. The paper presents two indexing methods for searching a collection of cursive handwriting. The first index, word-level index, treats word as pictogram and uses global features for retrieval. The word-level index is suitable for large collection of cursive <span class="hlt">text</span>. While the second one, called stroke-level index, treats the word as a set of strokes. The stroke-level index is more accurate, but more costly than the word level index. Each word (or stroke) can be described with a set of features and, thus, can be stored as points in the feature space. The Karhunen-Loeve transform is then used to minimize the number of features used (data dimensionality) and thus the index size. Feature vectors are stored in an R-tree. We implemented both indexes and carried many simulation experiments to measure the effectiveness and the cost of the search algorithm. The proposed indexes achieve substantial saving in the search time over the sequential search. Moreover, the proposed indexes improve the matching rate up to 46% over the sequential search.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kamel, Ibrahim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">373</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48850097"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> <span class="hlt">Text</span> Revolution: A Game That Improves <span class="hlt">Text</span> Entry on Mobile Touchscreen Keyboards</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">\\u000a Mobile devices often utilize touchscreen keyboards for <span class="hlt">text</span> input. However, due to the lack of tactile feedback and generally\\u000a small key sizes, users often produce typing errors. Key-target resizing, which dynamically adjusts the underlying target areas\\u000a of the keys based on their probabilities, can significantly reduce errors, but requires training data in the form of touch\\u000a points for intended keys.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dmitry Rudchenko; Tim Paek; Eric Badger</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">374</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2703940"> <span id="translatedtitle">SENT: semantic features in <span class="hlt">text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present SENT (semantic features in <span class="hlt">text</span>), a functional interpretation tool based on literature analysis. SENT uses Non-negative Matrix Factorization to identify topics in the scientific articles related to a collection of genes or their products, and use them to group and summarize these genes. In addition, the application allows users to rank and explore the articles that best relate to the topics found, helping put the analysis results into context. This approach is useful as an exploratory step in the workflow of interpreting and understanding experimental data, shedding some light into the complex underlying biological mechanisms. This tool provides a user-friendly interface via a web site, and a programmatic access via a SOAP web server. SENT is freely accessible at http://sent.dacya.ucm.es.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vazquez, Miguel; Carmona-Saez, Pedro; Nogales-Cadenas, Ruben; Chagoyen, Monica; Tirado, Francisco; Carazo, Jose Maria; Pascual-Montano, Alberto</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">375</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012SPIE.8302E...1B"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> documents as social networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The extraction of keywords and features is a fundamental problem in <span class="hlt">text</span> data mining. Document processing applications directly depend on the quality and speed of the identification of salient terms and phrases. Applications as disparate as automatic document classification, information visualization, filtering and security policy enforcement all rely on the quality of automatically extracted keywords. Recently, a novel approach to rapid change detection in data streams and documents has been developed. It is based on ideas from image processing and in particular on the Helmholtz Principle from the Gestalt Theory of human perception. By modeling a document as a one-parameter family of graphs with its sentences or paragraphs defining the vertex set and with edges defined by Helmholtz's principle, we demonstrated that for some range of the parameters, the resulting graph becomes a small-world network. In this article we investigate the natural orientation of edges in such small world networks. For two connected sentences, we can say which one is the first and which one is the second, according to their position in a document. This will make such a graph look like a small WWW-type network and PageRank type algorithms will produce interesting ranking of nodes in such a document.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Balinsky, Helen; Balinsky, Alexander; Simske, Steven J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">376</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39220865"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">ASCII</span> extension and expansion and their impact on data communications</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">During the past several years, a subcommittee within the American National Standard Institute Committee on Computers and Information Processing has been working on a standard that will impact computer communications. The proposed Standard is on: An Eight-Bit Code for General Information Interchange and Code Extension Procedures for 7 and 8-Bit Codes. This paper presents the historical background to this effort,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas F. Fitzsimons</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">377</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50893152"> <span id="translatedtitle">Research and exploration of <span class="hlt">text</span> mining technology</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article introduced the <span class="hlt">text</span> excavation's research condition, has analyzed the <span class="hlt">text</span> excavation basic concept and the technology, summarized the <span class="hlt">text</span> excavation process, the commonly used algorithm, the <span class="hlt">text</span> classification, the <span class="hlt">text</span> cluster, the connection analysis, the tendency forecast and so on, pointed out that the algorithm the insufficiency, has forecast the <span class="hlt">text</span> excavation futurology question and the direction.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cao Lijun; Yu Hongkui; Li Yuxiang; Liu Xiyin</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">378</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/861980"> <span id="translatedtitle">Consistent Partition and Labelling of <span class="hlt">Text</span> Blocks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">:  This paper presents a <span class="hlt">text</span> block extraction algorithm that takes as its input a set of <span class="hlt">text</span> lines of a given document, and\\u000a partitions the <span class="hlt">text</span> lines into a set of <span class="hlt">text</span> blocks, where each <span class="hlt">text</span> block is associated with a set of homogeneous formatting\\u000a attributes, e.g. <span class="hlt">text</span>-alignment, indentation. The <span class="hlt">text</span> block extraction algorithm described in this paper is probability</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jisheng Liang; Ihsin T. Phillips; Robert M. Haralick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">379</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/450723"> <span id="translatedtitle">Wan2tlk?: everyday <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Texting</span>--using a mobile phone to send <span class="hlt">text</span> messages--has become a form of mass communication. Building on studies that described how British teenagers have incorporated <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging into their lives, we examine the purposes and nature of the conversations themselves. We also present findings that suggest that teenagers do not have many simultaneous multiple conversations via <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging; end most <span class="hlt">text</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rebecca E. Grinter; Margery Eldridge</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">380</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Levels+in+learning%22&pg=6&id=EJ520492"> <span id="translatedtitle">Are Good <span class="hlt">Texts</span> Always Better? Interactions of <span class="hlt">Text</span> Coherence, Background Knowledge, and Levels of Understanding in Learning from <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Two experiments investigated the role of <span class="hlt">text</span> coherence in junior high school students' comprehension of science <span class="hlt">texts</span>. Found that <span class="hlt">text</span> coherence improved readers' comprehension, but also that giving readers with sufficient background knowledge an incoherent <span class="hlt">text</span> that forced them to infer unstated relations engaged them in compensatory…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McNamara, Danielle S.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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<a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">381</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA499626"> <span id="translatedtitle">Use of <span class="hlt">Text</span> Messaging by Navy Recruiters.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In Summer 2008, Navy recruiters were invited to participate in the first known survey conducted through cell phone <span class="hlt">text</span> message. Recruiters received two <span class="hlt">text</span> message questions, one about their use of <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging for contacting potential applicants and ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">E. M. Clewis Z. A. Uriell</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">382</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/46774757"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing Reading Comprehension of Mathematical <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study compares reading comprehension of three different <span class="hlt">texts</span>: two mathematical <span class="hlt">texts</span> and one historical <span class="hlt">text</span>. The two\\u000a mathematical <span class="hlt">texts</span> both present basic concepts of group theory, but one does it using mathematical symbols and the other only\\u000a uses natural language. A total of 95 upper secondary and university students read one of the mathematical <span class="hlt">texts</span> and the historical\\u000a <span class="hlt">text</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Magnus Österholm</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">383</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/42779130"> <span id="translatedtitle">On the reading of readings of <span class="hlt">texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Materialist criticism treats literary <span class="hlt">texts</span> as essentially in process, as being open to continual (socially determined) recreation. Critical readings of <span class="hlt">texts</span> are as obviously ideologically determined as the critical production of <span class="hlt">texts</span>, to the point where the critic can be seen at times to be ‘recreating’ the <span class="hlt">text</span> in order to make it fit a set of ideologically determined moral</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David Maughan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">384</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36416311"> <span id="translatedtitle">The limited benefits of rereading educational <span class="hlt">texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Though rereading is a study method commonly used by students, theoretical disagreement exists regarding whether rereading a <span class="hlt">text</span> significantly enhances the representation and retention of the <span class="hlt">text’s</span> contents. In four experiments, we evaluated the effectiveness of rereading relative to a single reading in a context paralleling that faced by students in the classroom. Participants read educational <span class="hlt">texts</span> (textbook chapters or</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aimee A. Callender; Mark A. McDaniel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">385</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA067779"> <span id="translatedtitle">On the Psychological Reality of <span class="hlt">Text</span> Types.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> type is proposed as a psychologically valid construct. Previous research has suggested that <span class="hlt">text</span> type may play a role in a reader's comprehension and memory for a <span class="hlt">text</span>. Two experiments were conducted to explore the psychological reality of <span class="hlt">text</span> types...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. Munro K. A. Lutz L. Gordon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">386</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48233730"> <span id="translatedtitle">Scientific <span class="hlt">Texts</span> in Contest, 1600–1800</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">\\u000a In recent decades, the role of canonical <span class="hlt">texts</span> in major literary civilizations has been a subject of much debate. Some regard\\u000a canonical <span class="hlt">texts</span> as the essence of a civilization. Others stress the selected nature of these <span class="hlt">texts</span>, arguing that the formation\\u000a of authoritative <span class="hlt">texts</span> is a power process which serves the interests of the elite who control these <span class="hlt">texts</span>. This</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chu Pingyi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">387</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59473988"> <span id="translatedtitle">SMIL 3.0 smil<span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The functionality described in these modules provide a new media type for use in SMIL presentations. This functionality is called smil<span class="hlt">Text</span>. Unlike other media types defined in the media object module, all of which are synonyms of the ref element, the smil<span class="hlt">Text</span> modules provide a <span class="hlt">text</span> container element with an explicit content model for defining timed <span class="hlt">text</span>. The smil<span class="hlt">Text</span> modules</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. C. A. Bulterman; K. S. Mullender; S. Cruz-Lara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">388</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/medicaldevices/medicaldevicesadvisorycommittee/ophthalmicdevicespanel/ucm154480.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">ATTACHMENT IN <span class="hlt">TEXT</span> AND ADDITIONAL TABLES</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Version... LIST OF IN-<span class="hlt">TEXT</span> AND ADDITIONAL ... ALL TABLES FOUND IN AMENDMENT 14 AND ADDITIONAL TABLES NOT SHOWN IN THE NARRATIVE) ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">389</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/earths-changing-surface/getting-students-engaged-in-nonfiction-text/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Getting Students Engaged in Nonfiction <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article describes how to help students engage with nonfiction <span class="hlt">text</span> by asking questions, identifying facts, making connections, and reflecting on the <span class="hlt">text</span>. A template for use with students is included.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Allen, Tracey; Reeson, Clarissa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">390</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4743511"> <span id="translatedtitle">Annotating Sanskrit <span class="hlt">Texts</span> Based on Sabdabodha Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Though Sanskrit has a huge repository of <span class="hlt">texts</span> as well as well discussed grammar formalism, we still neither have a full fledged\\u000a parser for Sanskrit based on this formalism nor do we have any annotated <span class="hlt">text</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K. V. Ramkrishnamacharyulu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">391</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1431214"> <span id="translatedtitle">Keyboards redux: fast mobile <span class="hlt">text</span> entry</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The most common style of <span class="hlt">text</span> entry using a mobile phone's number pad is multitap, where multiple letters are mapped to the same key. We discuss twiddler chording, blind typing, and mini qwerty keyboards etc., for fast mobile <span class="hlt">text</span> entry.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thad Starner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">392</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1179988"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tracking with <span class="hlt">text</span>-based messages</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">As an initial research prototype, <span class="hlt">Text</span>Track demonstrates the feasibility of applying multiple hypothesis tracking concepts from radar signal processing to natural-language <span class="hlt">text</span> tracking and correlation problems</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. Alberola; G. V. Cybenko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">393</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA456798"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>Learner System: Reading Learning Comprehension.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The goal of DARPA's Reading Learning Comprehension seedling was to determine the feasibility of autonomous knowledge acquisition through the analysis of <span class="hlt">text</span>. This report describes the results of that effort by detailing the capabilities of the <span class="hlt">Text</span>Learne...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. Curtis M. Witbrock J. Baxter P. Wagner B. Aldag</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">394</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_140654.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teens' Antisocial <span class="hlt">Texts</span> May Foretell Bad Behavior</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Teens' Antisocial <span class="hlt">Texts</span> May Foretell Bad Behavior But teenagers also use ... Violence FRIDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who <span class="hlt">text</span> about bad behaviors such as drug use or ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">395</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011SPIE.8009E.105L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Natural scene <span class="hlt">text</span> location oriented Chinese environment</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Natural scene <span class="hlt">text</span> location is the precondition of the <span class="hlt">text</span> recognition, a fast and effective technique is proposed for <span class="hlt">text</span> location oriented Chinese environment. First, the color edge of the image is detected in consideration of the stroke directions of Chinese characters, then the collection of candidate <span class="hlt">text</span> blocks is obtained by post-processing; Second, because <span class="hlt">text</span> differs from non-<span class="hlt">text</span> in texture, local binary pattern (LBP) operator is employed to extract the texture feature of candidate <span class="hlt">text</span> block, then feed them into SVM classifier for verification, thus a great number of non-<span class="hlt">text</span> blocks are excluded, and a higher accuracy rate is obtained. Finally, the algorithm is tested on our database, which includes 1000 images, and experimental results show that the proposed algorithm works well and very robust under the conditions of uneven lighting, blurring, and low contrast etc.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, Xiaopei; Lu, Zhaoyang; Li, Jing</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">396</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://csunplugged.org/text-compression"> <span id="translatedtitle">You Can Say That Again!: <span class="hlt">Text</span> Compression</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This activity helps students learn how computers "compress" <span class="hlt">text</span> by identifying repeating patterns of letters, words, and phrases. Students use poems or nursery rhymes as their source <span class="hlt">text</span>, draw boxes around repeating parts, and use arrows to point to earlier parts of the <span class="hlt">text</span> that can be used to "uncompress" the <span class="hlt">text</span>. The boxes and arrows are then related to the numbers that computers use in compression. An extension has students try compressing a much longer story, "The Three Little Pigs."</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bell, Tim; Witten, Ian; Fellows, Mike; Adams, Robyn; Mckenzie, Jane</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">397</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/456519"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tag Based Models of English <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The problem of compressing English <span class="hlt">text</span> is important both because of the ubiquity of English as a target for compression and because of the light that compression can shed on the structure of English. English <span class="hlt">text</span> is examined in conjunction with additional information about the parts of speech of each word in the <span class="hlt">text</span> (these are referred to as “tags”).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">W. J. Teahan; John G. Cleary</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">398</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Luzon+AND+Philippines&id=ED144357"> <span id="translatedtitle">Speaking Kapampangan. PALI Language <span class="hlt">Texts</span>: Philippines.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This <span class="hlt">text</span> is an elementary-intermediate level <span class="hlt">text</span> designed to teach conversational Kapampangan, the language spoken in the Pampanga-Tarlac area of the central plain of Luzon in the Philippines. The purpose of the <span class="hlt">text</span> is to acquaint the learner with the vocabulary and basic structures necessary for participation in everyday conversations. The…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mirikitani, Leatrice T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">399</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.eurojournals.com/ejsr_37_1_05.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dialogue-based Visualization for Quranic <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Visualization is a human cognitive activity and is not something that a computer does. A good visualization for Quranic <span class="hlt">text</span> enables us to communicate the content with clarity, precision, and efficiency. Being a large information source, a visualization system for Quranic <span class="hlt">text</span> is required. This paper proposes AQILAH, dialogue-based information visualization for Quranic <span class="hlt">text</span>. AQILAH facilitates the interaction and rearrange</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aida Mustapha</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">400</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/J/J89/J89-3002.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Knowledge Representation for Commonsense Reasoning with <span class="hlt">Text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 NAIVE SEMANTICS The reader of a <span class="hlt">text</span> actively constructs a rich picture of the objects, events, and situation described. The <span class="hlt">text</span> is a vague, insufficient, and ambiguous indicator of the world that the writer intends to depict. The reader draws upon world knowledge to disambiguate and clar-ify the <span class="hlt">text</span>, selecting the most plausible interpretation from among the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kathleen Dahlgren; Joyce P. McDowell; Edward P. Stabler Jr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">401</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22deepwater+horizon%22+OR+%22BP+Oil+Spill%22+OR+%22Gulf+Oil+Spill%22+OR+DWH+OR+%22Gulf+of+Mexico+oil+spill%22+OR+MC252+OR+MC-252+OR+%22MC+252%22+OR+Macondo&pg=3&id=EJ316168"> <span id="translatedtitle">Topic Structure Representation and <span class="hlt">Text</span> Recall.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|College subjects were required to read and recall an expository <span class="hlt">text</span>. They recalled information about fewer topics if they were randomly ordered and the introductory paragraph was uninformative. Subjects recalled information about more topics if the <span class="hlt">text</span> contained topic sentences. Readers used representation of a <span class="hlt">text</span>'s topic structure to guide…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lorch, Robert F., Jr.; Lorch, Elizabeth Pugzles</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">402</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/6098139"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">text</span>-encoding initiative: Part 1</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose – To present a concise introduction to and history of the <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative (TEI). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Presents the TEI from a literature-based, chronological perspective. Findings – The de facto standard for electronic <span class="hlt">text</span> encoding in the humanities, the <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative (TEI), an international and interdisciplinary standard for the electronic representation of documents in the humanities, has influenced</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Linda Cantara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">403</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=text+AND+encoding+AND+initiative&pg=2&id=EJ481934"> <span id="translatedtitle">Center for Electronic <span class="hlt">Texts</span> in the Humanities.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes the development and activities of the Center for Electronic <span class="hlt">Texts</span> in the Humanities, established by Princeton University and Rutgers University to provide a national focus for the development, dissemination, and use of electronic <span class="hlt">texts</span> in the humanities. Sidebars explain the <span class="hlt">Text</span> Encoding Initiative and Standard Generalized Markup…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gaunt, Marianne I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">404</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59723668"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Texts</span> in multiple versions: Histories of editions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Texts</span> in multiple versions constitute the core problem of textual scholarship. For <span class="hlt">texts</span> from antiquity and the medieval period, the many versions may be the result of manuscript transmission, requiring editors and readers to discriminate between levels of authority in variant readings produced along the chain of copying. For <span class="hlt">texts</span> of all periods, and particularly for more modern authors, there</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. Mathijsen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">405</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57222801"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">Text</span> Readability Continuum for Postsecondary Readiness</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although high school graduates may be able to successfully navigate high school course content, they may not be prepared to handle the readability of <span class="hlt">texts</span> they encounter in various postsecondary endeavors. The average readability of high school <span class="hlt">texts</span> is lower than the average readability of citizenship, workplace, community college, university, and graduate admissions <span class="hlt">text</span> collections. Previously successful students can appear</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gary L. Williamson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">406</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/359673"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Survey of Multilingual <span class="hlt">Text</span> Retrieval</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This report reviews the present state of the art in selection of <span class="hlt">texts</span> in one languagebased on queries in another, a problem we refer to as "multilingual" <span class="hlt">text</span> retrieval.Present applications of multilingual <span class="hlt">text</span> retrieval systems are limited by the cost andcomplexity of developing and using the multilingual thesauri on which they are basedand by the level of user training that</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bonnie J. Dorr; Douglas W. Oard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">407</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/C/C94/C94-1097.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">MULTEXT: Multilingual <span class="hlt">Text</span> Tools and Corpora</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">MULTEXT (Multilingual <span class="hlt">Text</span> Tools and Corpora) is the largest project funded in the Commission of European Communities Linguistic Research and Engineering Program. The project will contribute to the development of generally usable software tools to manipulate and analyse <span class="hlt">text</span> corpora and to create multilingual <span class="hlt">text</span> corpora with structural and linguistic markup. It will attempt to establish conventions for the encoding</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nancy Ide; Jean Véronis</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">408</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=https://www.aaai.org/Papers/Symposia/Spring/2006/SS-06-03/SS06-03-024.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mining Web <span class="hlt">Text</span> for Brand Associations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Weblogs and other web <span class="hlt">text</span> are an incredibly rich knowledge base, and the marketing industry is beginning to recognize the value of web <span class="hlt">texts</span> as a source of information about their customers. However, the nature of web <span class="hlt">texts</span> make them un- suitable for analysis using standard market research methods. In this paper, we describe the use of exploratory data analysis</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robert Malouf; Bradley Davidson; Ashli Sherman; Wayne NJ</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">409</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1237210"> <span id="translatedtitle">TXTmob: <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging for protest swarms</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes cell phone <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging during the 2004 US Democratic and Republican National Conventions by protesters using TXTmob -- a <span class="hlt">text</span>-message broadcast system developed by the authors. Drawing upon analysis of TXTmob messages, user interviews, self-reporting, and news media accounts, we describe the ways that activists used <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging to share information and coordinate actions during decentralized protests.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tad Hirsch; John Henry</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">410</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED304672.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Children's Comprehension of <span class="hlt">Text</span>: Research into Practice.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Reflecting the concerns of researchers and practitioners about children's <span class="hlt">text</span> comprehension, this book defines and provides examples of narrative and expository <span class="hlt">text</span> and describes research-based strategies for helping children comprehend these two types of <span class="hlt">text</span>. The book contains the following chapters: (1) "Research on Stories: Implications for…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Muth, K. Denise, Ed.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">411</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50289913"> <span id="translatedtitle">Automatic <span class="hlt">text</span> detection in complex color image</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Detection of <span class="hlt">text</span> in color images of complex colored background is a very challenging problem. In this paper, an efficient automatic multi-feature fusing <span class="hlt">text</span> detection method is proposed. First, we generate candidate <span class="hlt">text</span> regions by merging bounding blocks, which are extracted using the color feature in the spatial color quantized map and the edge feature in the edge map obtained</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jiang Wu; Shao-Lin Qu; Qing Zhuo; Wen-Yuan Wang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">412</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31396"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Tipster Summac <span class="hlt">Text</span> Summarization Evaluation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The TIPSTER <span class="hlt">Text</span> Summarization Evaluation (SUMMAC) has established definitively that automatic <span class="hlt">text</span> summarization is very effective in relevance assessment tasks. Summaries as short as 17% of full <span class="hlt">text</span> length sped up decision-making by almost a factor of 2 with no statistically significant degradation in F-score accuracy. SUMMAC has also introduced a new intrinsic method for automated evaluation of informative summaries.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Inderjeet Mani; David House; Gary Klein; Lynette Hirschman; Therese Firmin; Beth Sundheim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">413</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://onramp.nsdl.org/eserv/onramp:16516/partners_k1_text.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Partners: Grades K-1: <span class="hlt">text</span> only version</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This informational <span class="hlt">text</span> introduces students to photosynthesis and lichens-plant-like organisms resulting from a symbiotic relationship between an alga and a fungus. The <span class="hlt">text</span> is written at a kindergarten through grade one reading level. This is a PDF containing the informational <span class="hlt">text</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fries-Gaither, Jessica</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">414</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ssa.sri.com/esd/projects/vace/docs/SDIUTMyers2.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">RECOGNITION OF <span class="hlt">TEXT</span> IN 3-D SCENES</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Video is an increasingly important source of information to the intelligence analyst. Recognizing <span class="hlt">text</span> that appears in real-world scenery is potentially useful for characterizing the contents of video imagery. Previous research in <span class="hlt">text</span> recognition for both printed documents and other sources of imagery has generally assumed that the <span class="hlt">text</span> lies in a plane that is oriented roughly perpendicular to the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gregory K. Myers; Robert C. Bolles; James A. Herson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">415</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36916016"> <span id="translatedtitle">Topic Structure Representation and <span class="hlt">Text</span> Recall</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">It was hypothesized that readers represent a <span class="hlt">text</span>'s topics and their interrelations as they read, then use their representations to access information about each topic. In two experiments, college subjects were required to read and free recall an expository <span class="hlt">text</span>. Experiment 1 manipulated both the order of topics in the stimulus <span class="hlt">text</span> and whether or not the introductory paragraph stated</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robert F. Lorch; Elizabeth Pugzles Lorch</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">416</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/196515"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using Centering Theory to Plan Coherent <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes an approach to <span class="hlt">text</span> planning, one of the distinct tasks identifiedin Ehud Reiter's "consensus" architecture for Natural Language Generation(Reiter 1994, Reiter and Dale 1997). This consists a "pipeline" of distinct tasks:<span class="hlt">Text</span> Planning - deciding the content of a message, and organising the componentpropositions into a <span class="hlt">text</span> tree;</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rodger Kibble; Richard Power</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">417</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22858873"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>-speak processing impairs tactile location.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Dual task experiments have highlighted that driving while having a conversation on a cell phone can have negative impacts on driving (Strayer & Drews, 2007). It has also been noted that this negative impact is greater when reading a <span class="hlt">text</span>-message (Lee, 2007). Commonly used in <span class="hlt">text</span>-messaging are shortening devices collectively known as <span class="hlt">text</span>-speak (e.g.,Ys I wll ttyl 2nite, Yes I will talk to you later tonight). To the authors' knowledge, there has been no investigation into the potential negative impacts of reading <span class="hlt">text</span>-speak on concurrent performance on other tasks. Forty participants read a correctly spelled story and a story presented in <span class="hlt">text</span>-speak while concurrently monitoring for a vibration around their waist. Slower reaction times and fewer correct vibration detections occurred while reading <span class="hlt">text</span>-speak than while reading a correctly spelled story. The results suggest that reading <span class="hlt">text</span>-speak imposes greater cognitive load than reading correctly spelled <span class="hlt">text</span>. These findings suggest that the negative impact of <span class="hlt">text</span> messaging on driving may be compounded by the messages being in <span class="hlt">text</span>-speak, instead of orthographically correct <span class="hlt">text</span>. PMID:22858873</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Head, James; Helton, William; Russell, Paul; Neumann, Ewald</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-02</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">418</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010PhyA..389.3260P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Entropy analysis of natural language written <span class="hlt">texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aim of the present work is to investigate the relative contribution of ordered and stochastic components in natural written <span class="hlt">texts</span> and examine the influence of <span class="hlt">text</span> category and language on these. To this end, a binary representation of written <span class="hlt">texts</span> and the generated symbolic sequences are examined by the standard block entropy analysis and the Shannon and Kolmogorov entropies are obtained. It is found that both entropies are sensitive to both language and <span class="hlt">text</span> category with the <span class="hlt">text</span> category sensitivity to follow almost the same trends in both languages (English and Greek) considered. The values of these entropies are compared with those of stochastically generated symbolic sequences and the nature of correlations present in this representation of real written <span class="hlt">texts</span> is identified.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Papadimitriou, C.; Karamanos, K.; Diakonos, F. K.; Constantoudis, V.; Papageorgiou, H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">419</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36797086"> <span id="translatedtitle">Workplace Privacy: Employee Relations and Legal Implications of Monitoring Employee <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Use</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The tradeoff between employees’ workplace privacy and employers’ need to protect company assets, safeguard proprietary information,\\u000a and avoid costly litigation has been receiving increased attention (Lee and Kleiner 2003; Mello 2003; National Workplace Institute\\u000a 2004). This tradeoff often favors employers, as the legal system provides much leeway for employers to monitor employees’\\u000a electronic communications in the workplace. However, employers need</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Barry A. Friedman; Lisa J. Reed</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">420</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/43553583"> <span id="translatedtitle">Unanswerable questions at the IPL: user expectations of <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> reference</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose – In a 31-month period, 1,184 questions addressed to the Internet Public Library's (IPL) reference service remained unanswered on the grounds that they were “out of scope”. This paper aims to analyze the questions as artifacts of users' expectations to better chart the distinction between user and librarian views of reference service. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Each question is examined to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lynn Westbrook</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">421</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://weis2006.econinfosec.org/docs/13.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Justifying Spam and <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Virus Security Investments: A Case Study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Our paper investigates the problem of justifying security investments concerning spam and email virus using real life data from a midsize North American university. We formulate the spam and email virus security problem as a capital budgeting problem using operating characteristic (ROC) curves in a decision theoretic framework. Prior research has investigated the optimal configuration in a detection system focusing</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hemantha Herath; Tejaswini Herath</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">422</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=email&pg=6&id=EJ833262"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dear Gayle, Dear Sheryl: Using <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> for a Principal Mentorship</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|A little over a year ago, Sheryl, one of the authors, became a principal for the first time. Her transformation from education professor to elementary principal represented a significant and unusual career progression. Gayle, one of the authors and an elementary school principal for 11 years and a curriculum specialist and classroom teacher for…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Boris-Schacter, Sheryl; Vonasek, Gayle</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">423</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/7029330"> <span id="translatedtitle">An identity-based key infrastructure suitable for messaging and its application to <span class="hlt">e-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Identity-based encryption (IBE) systems are relatively recently proposed; yet they are highly popular for messaging applications since they offer new features such as certificateless infrastructure and anonymous communication. However, recent studies also reveal that the infrastructure needed for IBE systems may be as complicated as the conventional public key cryptosytems and not sufficient research has been conducted in relevant issues</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ay?e Gül Karatop; Erkay Sava?</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">424</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/51142480"> <span id="translatedtitle">Novel Approach for Tagging of Discourse Segments in HelpDesk <span class="hlt">E-Mails</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The volume of email that help-desks receive every day is very high and often queries are repeated. Any kind of automation in processing of emails requires good understanding of the emails. In the current work we propose a schema for tagging author composed sentences in help-desk emails by the intent of the author. We have created a corpus taking email</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Suman Yelati; Rajeev Sangal</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">425</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22their+eyes+were+watching+god%22&id=EJ616219"> <span id="translatedtitle">A New Sort of Writing: <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> in the E-nglish Classroom.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Describes a project which used email to link the author's English classroom with classrooms in three other states so that students could discuss Zora Neale Hurston's novel "Their Eyes Were Watching God." Discusses email as a distinct genre of writing with rules, characteristics, and even an aesthetic of its own. Offers a student-generated list…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Blase, Dean Woodring</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">426</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60012819"> <span id="translatedtitle">Out of Epistolary Practice: <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> from Emerson, Post-Cards to Pynchon</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">To begin at the end, or rather at a point that marks both an ending and a beginning: in The Post-Card: From Socrates to Freud and Beyond (1980), Jacques Derrida designated the letter “not a genre but all genres, literature itself ” (48), and then announced that “an entire epoch of so-called literature, if not all of it, cannot survive</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Oliver Harris</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">427</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2171147"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards linking patients and clinical information: detecting UMLS concepts in <span class="hlt">e-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The purpose of this project is to explore the feasibility of detecting terms within the electronic messages of patients that could be used to effectively search electronic knowledge resources and bring health information resources into the hands of patients. Our team is exploring the application of the natural language processing (NLP) tools built within the Lister Hill Center at the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Patricia Flatley Brennan; Alan R. Aronson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">428</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4310878"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mobile Robots for an <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> Interface for People Who Are Blind</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The availability of inexpensive robotic hardware has brought to realization the dream of having autonomous mobile robots around\\u000a us. As such, the research community has recently manifested more interest in assisting robotic technology (see proceedings\\u000a of the last two IEEE RO-MAN conferences, the emergence of the RoboCup@Home challenge at RoboCup and the first annual Human\\u000a Computer Interaction Conference jointly sponsored</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vladimir Estivill-castro; Stuart Seymon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">429</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/13317668"> <span id="translatedtitle">Analysis of dynamic social network: <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> messages exchange network</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Counting entropy of social networks is used to study the dynamic of such networks. It depends on counting the number of cycles in the network, which is an NP problem. In this work we used a polynomial time approximation algorithm to count the number of cycles in an undirected graph that is based on regression and on a statistical mechanics</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Maytham Safar; Hisham Farahat; Khaled Mahdi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">430</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=quorum&id=EJ640841"> <span id="translatedtitle">Under Sunshine Law, Don't Let It Rain on <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Describes the Missouri Sunshine Law; discusses a Missouri appellate court decision indicating that the sunshine law may prohibit the electronic exchange (voice or email) of information concerning public matters among a quorum of school board members. (PKP)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Norton-Powers, Jennifer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">431</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50904004"> <span id="translatedtitle">Framework for Energy-Aware Lossless Compression in Mobile Services: The Case of <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Energy consumption caused by wireless transmission poses a big challenge to the battery lifetime of mobile devices. While the potential of using lossless compression for saving energy has been long acknowledged, no general solution has been proposed for applying lossless compression to energy adaptation for mobile services. We propose a proxy-based energy adaptation framework, in which the data to be</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yu Xiao; Matti Siekkinen; Antti Ylä-Jääski</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">432</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22performance+success%22&pg=4&id=ED524239"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teachers' Perspectives on Using <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> to Communicate with Parents</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Research has shown that positive communication between parents and teachers at all grade levels is essential for student success and parent-teacher relationship formation. This positive communication practice is the key component of the parent-teacher relationship that is supported by the uncertainty reduction theory. The purpose of this study…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kilgore, Amanda J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">433</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50389408"> <span id="translatedtitle">RemoteLab - an <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> based on-line control experiment service</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Internet provides a new environment of developing a variety of applications for both educational and research purposes. At Purdue University, we have developed an innovative remote-access control-engineering laboratory. Remote control, network reliability, and safety features are integrated into the experimental hardware and software design. Remotely located students are able to develop and run controllers on the experiments in the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hung-Ming Cheng; G. T.-C. Chiu; Huei Peng</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">434</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=twitter&pg=3&id=EJ788968"> <span id="translatedtitle">Forget <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>: New Messaging Service Has Students and Professors Atwitter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Some professors, librarians, and administrators have begun using Twitter, a service that can blast very short notes (up to 140 characters) to select users' cell phones or computer screens. The practice is often called microblogging because people use it to send out pithy updates about their daily lives. No need to wait until you are back at your…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Young, Jeffrey R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">435</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://llt.msu.edu/vol5num1/weasenforth/default.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">E-MAIL</span> AND WORD PROCESSING IN THE ESL CLASSROOM: HOW THE MEDIUM AFFECTS THE MESSAGE</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Computer-based media place new demands on language which can promote variations in language use (cf. Halliday, 1990). Electronic mail has assumed functions and formal features associated with spoken language as well as formal writing (Davis & Brewer, 1997; Maynor, 1994; Murray, 1996). This has implications for language instructors: If electronic mail does engender features of both written and spoken language,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sigrun Biesenbach-Lucas; Donald Weasenforth</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">436</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=evaluation+AND+of+AND+assessment+AND+practices+AND+general+AND+education+AND+program&id=EJ988869"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>-Based Formative Assessment: A Chronicle of Research-Inspired Practice</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The importance of using systematic formative assessment to guide students toward meaningful learning has gained more recognition in the education community in recent years. This form of assessment is characterized by task-oriented feedback in a low-risk environment, which is believed to promote mastery goal orientation and self-regulated…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Doige, Carl Anthony</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">437</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/46639461"> <span id="translatedtitle">Virtual staff meetings: Electronic tutor training with a local <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> listserv discussion group</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An online discussion group, TA-TALK, supplements weekly staff meetings for 50 graduate students who teach introductory composition and literature classes at the University of California at Irvine. Various dynamics of this electronic exchange are analyzed: The advantages of a listserv over a distributed mailing list or bulletin board system (BBS); benefits of a local listserv over a national listserv in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ellen Strenski</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">438</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57338862"> <span id="translatedtitle">“Stock-touting” through spam <span class="hlt">e-mails</span>: a data mining case study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose – Although the financial markets are regulated by robust systems and rules that control their efficiency and try to protect investors from various manipulation schemes, markets still suffer from frequent attempts to mislead or misinform investors in order to generate illegal profits. The impetus to effectively and systematically address such schemes presents many challenges to academia, industry and relevant</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mohamed Zaki; Babis Theodoulidis; David Díaz Solís</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">439</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=kids+AND+electronics&pg=4&id=EJ659698"> <span id="translatedtitle">E-Mentors: Connecting Caring Adults and Kids through <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes a mentoring program between an elementary school and a corporation that connects fifth and sixth grade students with adults who exchange email messages at least once a week to improve students' writing skills. Discusses benefits to students and offers suggestions for starting an electronic mentoring program. (LRW)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, Rojanne; Dexter, Sara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">440</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/6097999"> <span id="translatedtitle">Media transitions: The cases of digital imagery and <span class="hlt">e-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a framework for understanding the technological change and its impacts on environments where multiple versions of a technology exist simultaneously. Both orienting and limiting role of physical (skeumorph) and conceptual metaphors on the products, processes, and user experience in changing from a familiar functional implementation to the one employing new media is illustrated using examples showing the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kimberly Cass; Thomas W. Lauer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">441</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/42546646"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer, Internet, and <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Use Among Older Adults: Benefits and Barriers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An increasing number of older adults are using computers for communication, entertainment, and information. This descriptive study examined the perceived benefits and barriers encountered by 58 older adults. Benefits of computer use listed by these elders included a sense of connectedness, satisfaction, utility, and positive learning experiences. Barriers included frustration, physical and mental limitations, mistrust, and time issues. Professionals who</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Susan L. Gatto; Sunghee H. Tak</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">442</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/6262450"> <span id="translatedtitle">Authorship Attribution of <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span>: Comparing Classifiers over a New Corpus for Evaluation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Until very recently, the email collections that have been available for research have been rather artificially created and consist of emails that contributors have chosen to make available. These collections serve very well for certain applications, but are certainly not repre- sentative of a person's email habits; thus, they have not been realistic resources for testing automatic techniques for detecting</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ben Allison; Louise Guthrie</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">443</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=LOM&pg=4&id=EJ840890"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Simple <span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> Mechanism to Enhance Reflection, Independence, and Communication in Young Researchers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Providing undergraduates with mentored research experiences is a critical component of contemporary undergraduate science education. Although the benefits of undergraduate research experiences are apparent, the methods for mentoring young scientists as they first begin navigating the research lab environment are reinvented in labs all over the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Campbell, A. Malcolm; Lom, Barbara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">444</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB2008108724"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">E-Mail</span> as a Communication Tool in Army Nursing Management.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Grounded in communication theory and using the Ross Communication Model, the purpose of this study was to: (1) determine the impact of Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) on the management relationship between Head Nurses (HNs) and Clinical Staf Nurses ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. E. M. Lasome</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">445</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50954234"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Study on Small Business Advertising Using <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> Transmitting Screens on Mobile Phones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes how advertisements sent to mobile terminals instead of flyers can avoid urban environmental problems associated with waste paper. In particular, it proposes an alternative to existing mobile terminal advertisements that are ineffective at attracting customers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Y. Shiraishi; O. Takahashi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">446</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/51021490"> <span id="translatedtitle">Exchanging <span class="hlt">e-mails</span>: A way to enhance language learners' communicative writing skill</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">These days, communications technology has found its way not only in education but also in people's every day life. In fact, if there is no computer, one can hardly do his daily routines including letter writing and correspondence with ease and satisfaction. Keyboard and screen have taken the place of paper and pencil. One can find just a bunch of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fatemeh Behjat</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">447</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57312439"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reference Transaction Handoffs: Factors Affecting the Transition from Chat to <span class="hlt">E-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article describes a content analysis of virtual reference transcripts taken from the NCknows virtual reference service. The analysis sought to determine why librarians consider some questions to be unanswerable at the time they are submitted by users. Questions were coded by a classification of question causes and by how complete the reference interview was in the transaction. The transcripts</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nora Wikoff</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.rusq.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/47n3/pdfs/47n3_07_Wikoff.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reference Transaction Handoff s Factors Aff ecting the Transition from Chat to <span class="hlt">E-mail</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article describes a content analysis of virtual reference transcripts taken from the NCknows virtual reference ser- vice. The analysis sought to determine why librarians consider some questions to be unanswerable at the time they are submitted by users. Questions were cod- ed by a classifi cation of question causes and by how complete the reference in- terview was in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nora Wikoff</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title16-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title16-vol2-sec1130-8.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">16 CFR 1130.8 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> registration.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...page: âPRODUCT REGISTRATION FOR SAFETY ALERT OR RECALL ONLY. We will use the information...only to contact you if there is a safety alert or recall for this product. We will not...than notifying the consumer of a safety alert or...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/43543130"> <span id="translatedtitle">Outreach to student-athletes through <span class="hlt">e-mail</span> reference service</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article explains why student-athletes on college and university campuses are chosen as a special group for library instruction outreach programs. A brief history of the library instruction to athletes’ programs at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is given, emphasizing the collaboration between the academic advisors of the athletes and the instruction librarians. With the inception of electronic library services and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Melba Jesudason</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">451</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-03/pdf/2011-19579.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 46853 - International Business Machines Corporation, ITD Business Unit, Division 7, <span class="hlt">E-mail</span> and...</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...International Business Machines Corporation, Web Strategy and Enablement Organization, Including...The company confirmed that workers of the Web Strategy and Enablement Organization provided...that a number of workers assigned to the Web Strategy and Enablement Organization...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-08-03</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">452</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50572806"> <span id="translatedtitle">TMT: Object-Oriented <span class="hlt">Text</span> Classification Library</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The purpose of the TMT (<span class="hlt">Text</span> Mining Tools) library is to enable the use of modern <span class="hlt">text</span>-mining techniques for natural languages on cross-platform environments that can be applied equally well to research and development of end-user <span class="hlt">text</span>-mining applications. The paper is structured as follows. Section 2 discusses the related work. Section 3 describes the functionalities of the library, whereas Section</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. Silic; F. Saric; J. Snajder</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">453</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/1772u6302862856q.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> Classification for Healthcare Information Support</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Healthcare information support (HIS) is essential in managing, gathering, and disseminating information for healthcare decision\\u000a support through the Internet. To support HIS, <span class="hlt">text</span> classification (TC) is a key kernel. Upon receiving a <span class="hlt">text</span> of healthcare\\u000a need (e.g. symptom description from patients) or healthcare information (e.g. information from medical literature and news),\\u000a a <span class="hlt">text</span> classifier may determine its corresponding categories (e.g.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rey-long Liu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">454</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition/ucm114223.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cooked Seafood Poster: <span class="hlt">Text</span> Version / Accessible Version</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Cooked Seafood Poster: <span class="hlt">Text</span> Version / Accessible Version. Nutrition Information for Raw Fruits, Vegetables, and Fish. Nutrition ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/labelingnutrition</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">455</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55087212"> <span id="translatedtitle">Improved VSM for Incremental <span class="hlt">Text</span> Classification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">As a simple classification method VSM has been widely applied in <span class="hlt">text</span> information processing field. There are some problems for traditional VSM to select a refined vector model representation, which can make a good tradeoff between complexity and performance, especially for incremental <span class="hlt">text</span> mining. To solve these problems, in this paper, several improvements, such as VSM based on improved TF,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhen Yang; Jianjun Lei; Jian Wang; Xing Zhang; Jim Guo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">456</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=emerson+AND+ralph+AND+waldo&pg=3&id=ED356752"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> & Teaching: The Search for Human Excellence.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This volume contains 13 essays by distinguished scholars and public figures on <span class="hlt">texts</span> that influenced them to act wisely and justly in their personal and professional lives. These essays were originally given at two Symposia on <span class="hlt">Text</span> and Teaching at Georgetown University. The participants and their subjects are as follows: (1) Edmund D. Pellegrino…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Collins, Michael J., Ed.; Ambrosio, Francis J., Ed.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">457</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36916805"> <span id="translatedtitle">Accuracy of Learnability Judgments for Instructional <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We tested the accuracy of college students' judgments of the relative learnability of original and rewritten versions of 20 pairs of instructional <span class="hlt">texts</span>. For each pair of <span class="hlt">texts</span>, we knew from earlier experiments which version was retained better 24 hr after reading. Results showed that the students were 95% accurate in their judgments. College textbook selection procedures can therefore give</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bruce K. Britton; Lani Van Dusen; Sami Gülgöz; Shawn M. Glynn; Laury Sharp</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">458</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/326023"> <span id="translatedtitle">Segmenting Narrative <span class="hlt">Text</span> into Coherent Scenes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes a quantitative indicatorfor segmenting narrative <span class="hlt">text</span> into coherentscenes. The indicator, called the lexicalcohesion profile (LCP), records lexical cohesivenessof words in a fixed-length windowmoving word by word on the <span class="hlt">text</span>. The cohesivenessof words, which represents theircoherence, is computed by spreading activationon a semantic network. The basicidea of LCP is: (1) if the window is insidea scene, the words</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hideki Kozima; Teiji Furugori</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">459</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ddl.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/fulltext/Acquisition&cognition/Jisa_1998.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Relative clauses in French children's narrative <span class="hlt">texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study investigates the use of relative clauses in French children's narrative monologues. Narrative <span class="hlt">texts</span> were collected from French- speaking monolinguals in four age groups (five, seven, ten years and adults). Twenty subjects from each group were asked to tell a story based on a picture book consisting of twenty-four images without <span class="hlt">text</span> (Frog, Where are you?). Relative constructions were</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">HARRIET JISA; SOPHIE KERN</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">460</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/354942"> <span id="translatedtitle">Training algorithms for linear <span class="hlt">text</span> classifiers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Systems for <span class="hlt">text</span> retrieval, routing, categorization and other IR tasks rely heavily on linear classifiers. We propose that two machine learning algorithms, the Widrow-Hoff and EG algorithms, be used in training linear <span class="hlt">text</span> classifiers. In con- trast to most IR methods, theoretical analysis provides per- formance guarantees and guidance on parameter settings for these algorithms. Experimental data is presented showing</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David D. Lewis; Robert E. Schapire; James P. Callan; Ron Papka</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return 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id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">461</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://newdesign.aclweb.org/anthology-new/H/H91/H91-1026.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identifying Word Correspondences in Parallel <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Researchers in both machine translation (e. g., Brown et a\\/, 1990) arm bilingual lexicography (e. g., Klavans and Tzoukermarm, 1990) have recently become interested in studying parallel <span class="hlt">texts</span> (also known as bilingual corpora), bodies of <span class="hlt">text</span> such as the Canadian Hansards (parliamentary debates) which are available in multiple languages (such as French and English). Much of the current excitement surrounding</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">William A. Gale; Kenneth Ward Church</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">462</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/775356"> <span id="translatedtitle">A new approach to <span class="hlt">text</span> searching</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">String searching is a very important component of many problems, including <span class="hlt">text</span> editing, bibliographic retrieval, and symbol manipulation. Recent surveys of string searching can be found in [4, 18]. The string-matching problem consists of finding all occurrences of a pattern of length m in a <span class="hlt">text</span> of length n. We generalize the problem allowing don't care symbols, the complement of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ricardo A. Baeza-Yates; Gaston H. Gonnet</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">463</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/870555"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tagging English <span class="hlt">Text</span> with a Probabilistic Model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper we present some experiments on the use of a probabilistic model to tag English <span class="hlt">text</span>, i.e. to assign to each word the correct tag (part of speech) in the context of the sentence. The main novelty of these experiments is the use of untagged <span class="hlt">text</span> in the training of the model. We have used a simple triclass</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bernard Merialdo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">464</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Barbie&pg=4&id=EJ509804"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span>, Talk, and Journalistic Quoting Practices.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Explores journalistic quoting practices as an interface between written and oral modes of communication, or between <span class="hlt">text</span> and talk. Examines both prescriptive and performative dimensions of journalistic quoting across the media. States that when quoting, journalists creatively mix and meld <span class="hlt">text</span> and talk. Suggests that the cogency of news…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zelizer, Barbie</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">465</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22pad%22&pg=4&id=EJ961051"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using Digital <span class="hlt">Texts</span> to Promote Fluent Reading</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Fluency is a critical skill of adept readers. As listening to read alouds and performing Readers Theatre scripts are two prevalent strategies that can increase students' fluency skills, this article provides suggestions in using these strategies with digital <span class="hlt">texts</span> through free, online resources. Digital <span class="hlt">texts</span> can be accessed using a desktop,…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thoermer, Andrea; Williams, Lunetta</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">466</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.yorku.ca/jhuang/paper/jd272.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Machine learning for Asian language <span class="hlt">text</span> classification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose – The purpose of this research is to compare several machine learning techniques on the task of Asian language <span class="hlt">text</span> classification, such as Chinese and Japanese where no word boundary information is available in written <span class="hlt">text</span>. The paper advocates a simple language modeling based approach for this task. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Naïve Bayes, maximum entropy model, support vector machines, and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fuchun Peng; Xiangji Huang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">467</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Luzon+AND+Philippines&id=ED144358"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tagalog for Beginners. PALI Language <span class="hlt">Texts</span>: Philippines.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This language textbook is designed for beginning students of Tagalog, the principal language spoken on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The introduction discusses the history of Tagalog and certain features of the language. An explanation of the <span class="hlt">text</span> is given, along with notes for the teacher. The <span class="hlt">text</span> itself is divided into nine sections:…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ramos, Teresita V.; de Guzman, Videa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">468</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.d.umn.edu/~tpederse/Pubs/cl-review-2002.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Empirical Methods for Exploiting Parallel <span class="hlt">Texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Parallel translations of written <span class="hlt">texts</span> have long been useful tools for human students of language and have begun to serve as an intriguing source of data for corpus-based approaches to natural language processing. A source <span class="hlt">text</span> and its translation can be viewed as a coarse map between the two languages, and an industrious student or clever computer program may wish</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">I. Dan Melamed; Ted Pedersen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">469</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=the+AND+media+AND+children&pg=5&id=EJ850058"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multimodality, Literacy and <span class="hlt">Texts</span>: Developing a Discourse</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This article argues for the development of a framework through which to describe children's multimodal <span class="hlt">texts</span>. Such a shared discourse should be capable of including different modes and media and the ways in which children integrate and combine them for their own meaning-making purposes. It should also acknowledge that multimodal <span class="hlt">texts</span> are not…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bearne, Eve</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">470</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22truck+company%22&id=EJ331804"> <span id="translatedtitle">Managing Training Materials with Structured <span class="hlt">Text</span> Design.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes characteristics of structured <span class="hlt">text</span> design; benefits of its use in training; benefits for developers of training materials and steps in preparing training materials. A case study illustrating how the structured <span class="hlt">text</span> design process solved the sales training needs of the Mercedes-Benz Truck Company is presented. (MBR)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Streit, Les D.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">471</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22monologue%22&pg=7&id=EJ581892"> <span id="translatedtitle">Relative Clauses in French Children's Narrative <span class="hlt">Texts</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Investigated the use of relative clauses in French children's narrative monologues. Narrative <span class="hlt">texts</span>, based on a picture book without <span class="hlt">text</span>, were collected from monolinguals age 5, 7, and 10 years and adults. Researchers coded relative constructions. Use of relative clauses in general-discourse functions preceded use in more specific narrative…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jisa, Harriet; Kern, Sophie</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">472</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ctr.columbia.edu/~qibin/papers/qibin2006_mmsp.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Music Genres Classification using <span class="hlt">Text</span> Categorization Method</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Automatic music genre classification is one of the most challenging problems in music information retrieval and management of digital music database. In this paper, we propose a new framework using <span class="hlt">text</span> category methods to classify music genres. This framework is different from current methods for music genre classification. In our framework, we consider music as <span class="hlt">text</span>-like semantic music document, which</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kai Chen; Sheng Gao; Yongwei Zhu; Qibin Sun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">473</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22line+break%22&id=ED248493"> <span id="translatedtitle">Intonation Miscues and Apprehension of <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Working on the theory that intonation miscues caused by confusion over punctuation and other phrase boundaries will make the apprehension of <span class="hlt">text</span> more difficult than necessary for young developing readers, a study reviewed the research and literature relevant to the effects of location of punctuation, phrasing, and line breaks in <span class="hlt">text</span> and on the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Flippo, Rona F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">474</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/hebrew_studies/v046/46.young.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">BIBLICAL <span class="hlt">TEXTS</span> CANNOT BE DATED LINGUISTICALLY</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Linguistic evidence alone is not able to date biblical <span class="hlt">texts</span>. Among the arguments challenged in this paper are that the archaic linguistic forms of Archaic Biblical Hebrew poems such as the Song of Moses in Exodus 15 demonstrate the great antiquity of those <span class="hlt">texts</span>; that Standard Biblical Hebrew, such as the prose of the book of Samuel, is a phenomenon</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ian Young</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">475</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/51072884"> <span id="translatedtitle">Toward <span class="hlt">text</span> message normalization: Modeling abbreviation generation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes a <span class="hlt">text</span> normalization system for deletion-based abbreviations in informal <span class="hlt">text</span>. We propose using statistical classifiers to learn the probability of deleting a given character using features based on character context, position in the word and containing syllable, and function within the word. To ensure that our system is robust to different and previously unseen abbreviations for a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Deana Pennell; Yang Liu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">476</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/29674"> <span id="translatedtitle">A parallel learning algorithm for <span class="hlt">text</span> classification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> classification is the process of classifying documents into predefined categories based on their content. Existing supervised learning algorithms to automatically classify <span class="hlt">text</span> need sufficient labeled documents to learn accurately. Applying the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm to this problem is an alternative approach that utilizes a large pool of unlabeled documents to augment the available labeled documents. Unfortunately, the time needed</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Canasai Kruengkrai; Chuleerat Jaruskulchai</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">477</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/425660"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predictive <span class="hlt">text</span> entry methods for mobile phones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mobile phone networks are increasingly supporting the transmission of textual messages between mobile phones and between mobile phones and other services. This paper describes the current <span class="hlt">text</span> entry method on mobile phones and describes a new <span class="hlt">text</span> entry method using a single key-press per letter together with a large dictionary of words for disambiguation. This approach, which is similar to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mark D Dunlop; Andrew Crossan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">478</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Q+AND+criteria&pg=4&id=ED256316"> <span id="translatedtitle">CRT <span class="hlt">Text</span> Layout: Prominent Layout Variables.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This study asked participants to rate models of computer-generated <span class="hlt">text</span> on the perceived ease with which it could be read and studied. These ratings were submitted to a Q-mode factor analysis to identify the underlying criteria used when the reader/perceiver formed a judgment related to the "study-ability" of the <span class="hlt">text</span> model. Subjects were…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Grabinger, R. Scott; Amedeo, Douglas</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">479</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/322448"> <span id="translatedtitle">Playing detective with full <span class="hlt">text</span> searching software</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Searching large <span class="hlt">text</span> databases often resembles detective work. We explored this notion with an experiment in which subjects used powerful full <span class="hlt">text</span> searching software to solve problems about the Arthur Conan Doyle story The Hound of the Baskervilles . The experiment was conducted in two parts: in the first part subjects attempted to teach themselves about the software using only</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Darrell R. Raymond; Heather J. Fawcett</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">480</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39211536"> <span id="translatedtitle">Playing detective with full <span class="hlt">text</span> searching software</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Searching large <span class="hlt">text</span> databases often resembles detective work. We explored this notion with an experiment in which subjects used powerful full <span class="hlt">text</span> searching software to solve problems about the Arthur Conan Doyle story The Hound of the Baskervilles. The experiment was conducted in two parts: in the first part subjects attempted to teach themselves about the software using only the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Darrell R. Raymond; Heather J. Fawcett</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">481</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39309403"> <span id="translatedtitle">Intertextual distance for Arabic <span class="hlt">texts</span> classification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Our researches works are interested on the application of the intertextual distance theory on the Arabic language as a tool for the classification of <span class="hlt">texts</span>. This theory assumes the classification of <span class="hlt">texts</span> according to criteria of lexical statistics, and it is based on the lexical connection approach. Our objective is to integrate this theory as a tool of classification of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rami Ayadi; Mohsen Maraoui; Mounir Zrigui</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">482</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.elda.org/medar-conference/pdf/18.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards a classification system for Arabic <span class="hlt">texts</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Our researches works are interested on the applica tion of the intertextual distance theory on the Ara bic language as a tool for the classification of <span class="hlt">texts</span>. This theory assumes th e classification of <span class="hlt">texts</span> according to criteria of lexical statistics, and it is based on the lexical connection approach. Our objec tive is to integrate this theory as a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rami AYADI; Maraoui MOHSEN; Mounir ZRIGUI</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">483</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013IJERA...3b.333M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Overlay <span class="hlt">Text</span> Retrieval From Video Scene</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The rapid growth of video data leads to an urgent demand for efficient and true contentbased browsing and retrieving systems. In response to such needs, various video content analysis schemes using one or a combination of image, audio, and <span class="hlt">text</span> information in videos have been proposed to parse, index, or abstract massive amount of data <span class="hlt">text</span> in video is a very compact and accurate clue for video indexing and summarization. Most video <span class="hlt">text</span> detection and extraction methods hold assumptions on <span class="hlt">text</span> color, background contrast, and font style. Moreover, few methods can handle multilingual <span class="hlt">text</span> well since different languages may have quite different appearances. In this paper, an efficient overlay <span class="hlt">text</span> detection and extraction method is implemented which deals with complex backgrounds. Based on our observation that there exist transient colors between inserted <span class="hlt">text</span> and its adjacent background. It is robust with respect to font size, style <span class="hlt">text</span>, color, orientation and noise and can be used in a large variety of application fields such as mobile robot navigation vehicle license detection and recognition, object identification , document retrieving, etc.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Manohar, K.; Irfan, S.; Sravani, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">484</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59061794"> <span id="translatedtitle">An Automata Based <span class="hlt">Text</span> Analysis System</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This report describes and implements an automata based <span class="hlt">text</span> analysis system. We have collected some of the writing samples. Each sample establishes a tree, and uses the ALERGIA algorithm to merge all compatible nodes in order to get a merged stochastic finite automaton. We store these automatons which demonstrate writing style of the sample <span class="hlt">texts</span> in the hard drive. For</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yue Lu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">485</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.coe.uga.edu/twa/PDF/Glynn_Takahashi_1998.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Learning from analogy-enhanced science <span class="hlt">text</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present study examined the role that an elaborate analogy can play when middle school students learn a major concept from a science <span class="hlt">text</span>. The elaborate analogy had both graphic and <span class="hlt">text</span> com- ponents that integrated and mapped key features from an analog (a factory) to the target concept (an ani- mal cell). The target features were the functions of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shawn M. Glynn; Tomone Takahashi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">486</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/390390"> <span id="translatedtitle">Symbol Ranking <span class="hlt">Text</span> Compression with Shannon Recodings</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In his work on the information content of English <span class="hlt">text</span> in 1951, Shannon described a method of recoding the input <span class="hlt">text</span>, a technique which has apparently lain dormant for the ensuing 45 years. Whereas traditional compressors exploit symbol frequencies and symbol contexts, Shannon's method adds the concept of \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Peter M. Fenwick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">487</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49463060"> <span id="translatedtitle">The use of management <span class="hlt">texts</span>: Hammer's reengineering</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The widespread citation of management <span class="hlt">texts</span> in academic journals implies that they are a significant influence on the diffusion and implementation of management concepts. This article applies a neo-institutional analysis to the use of two widely cited management <span class="hlt">texts</span> in the diffusion of a management fashion: Reengineering Work (Harv. Bus. Rev. 68 (1990) 104) and Reengineering the Corporation (Reengineering the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ian Graham; Robin Williams</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">488</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4360333"> <span id="translatedtitle">Frontiers of biomedical <span class="hlt">text</span> mining: current progress</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is now almost 15 years since the publication of the first paper on <span class="hlt">text</span> mining in the genomics domain, and decades since the first paper on <span class="hlt">text</span> mining in the medical domain. Enormous progress has been made in the areas of information retrieval, evaluation methodologies and resource construction. Some problems, such as abbreviation- handling, can essentially be considered solved</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pierre Zweigenbaum; Dina Demner-fushman; Hong Yu; Kevin B. Cohen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">489</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aclweb.org/anthology-new/W/W09/W09-3602.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Anchor <span class="hlt">Text</span> Extraction for Academic Search</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Anchor <span class="hlt">text</span> plays a special important role in improving the performance of general Web search, due to the fact that it is relatively ob- jective description for a Web page by poten- tially a large number of other Web pages. Academic Search provides indexing and search functionality for academic articles. It may be desirable to utilize anchor <span class="hlt">text</span> in aca-</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shuming Shi; Fei Xing; Mingjie Zhu; Zaiqing Nie; Ji-Rong Wen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">490</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB2008111151"> <span id="translatedtitle">Scarcity of Informational <span class="hlt">Texts</span> in First Grade.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although scholars have called for greater attention to informational <span class="hlt">texts</span> in the early grades for some time, there have been few data available about the degree to which informational <span class="hlt">texts</span> are actually included in early grade classrooms, and in what way...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">N. K. Duke</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">491</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22iZLytVOPrrDEdIA%22+OR+%22cLCVUAIMoTBtiqDH%22+OR+Landon&pg=2&id=ED356752"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Text</span> & Teaching: The Search for Human Excellence.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This volume contains 13 essays by distinguished scholars and public figures on <span class="hlt">texts</span> that influenced them to act wisely and justly in their personal and professional lives. These essays were originally given at two Symposia on <span class="hlt">Text</span> and Teaching at Georgetown University. The participants and their subjects are as follows: (1) Edmund D. Pellegrino…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Collins, Michael J., Ed.; Ambrosio, Francis J., Ed.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">492</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2191844"> <span id="translatedtitle">Thread detection in dynamic <span class="hlt">text</span> message streams</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Text</span> message stream is a newly emerging type of Web data which is produced in enormous quantities with the popu- larity of Instant Messaging and Internet Relay Chat. It is beneficial for detecting the threads contained in the <span class="hlt">text</span> stream for various applications, including information re- trieval, expert recognition and even crime prevention. De- spite its importance, not much research</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dou Shen; Qiang Yang; Jian-tao Sun; Zheng Chen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">493</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/13996335"> <span id="translatedtitle">Desktop <span class="hlt">text</span> mining for law enforcement</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a software system supporting analysts in the domain of open source intelligence. The desktop application contains functions to extract information acquired from open sources. The <span class="hlt">text</span> mining engine combines finite state machines, rule based entity guessing and machine learning in a lightweight pipelined approach. The <span class="hlt">text</span> mining functions and the overall system design have been developed to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jonathan Brett Crawley; Gerhard Wagner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">494</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Children+AND+development&pg=2&id=EJ939065"> <span id="translatedtitle">Children's <span class="hlt">Text</span> Development: Drawing, Pictures, and Writing</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using a sociohistoric developmental lens, this paper traces the construction of <span class="hlt">texts</span> composed by fifth graders in an urban classroom in order to answer the following questions: How do children develop as writers in school? How do writing and drawing function in children's <span class="hlt">texts</span>? How do teaching practices shape children's writing development?…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Christianakis, Mary</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">495</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22jeffrey+beall%22&id=EJ809161"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Weaknesses of Full-<span class="hlt">Text</span> Searching</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper provides a theoretical critique of the deficiencies of full-<span class="hlt">text</span> searching in academic library databases. Because full-<span class="hlt">text</span> searching relies on matching words in a search query with words in online resources, it is an inefficient method of finding information in a database. This matching fails to retrieve synonyms, and it also retrieves…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Beall, Jeffrey</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">496</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/41110740"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Weaknesses of Full-<span class="hlt">Text</span> Searching</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper provides a theoretical critique of the deficiencies of full-<span class="hlt">text</span> searching in academic library databases. Because full-<span class="hlt">text</span> searching relies on matching words in a search query with words in online resources, it is an inefficient method of finding information in a database. This matching fails to retrieve synonyms, and it also retrieves unwanted homonyms. Numerous other problems also make</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jeffrey Beall</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">497</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=suffix+AND+arrays&id=EJ532969"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hierarchies of Indices for <span class="hlt">Text</span> Searching.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Discusses indexes for <span class="hlt">text</span> databases and presents an efficient implementation of an index for <span class="hlt">text</span> searching called PAT array, or suffix array, where the database is stored on secondary storage devices such as magnetic or optical disks. Additional hierarchical index structures and searching algorithms are proposed that improve searching time, and…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Baeza-Yates, Ricardo; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">498</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22langer%22&pg=4&id=EJ331158"> <span id="translatedtitle">Presentational Symbolism and the Production of <span class="hlt">Text</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using Susanne Langer's concepts of presentational and discursive symbolism, constructs a theory of <span class="hlt">text</span> production that describes presentation and discourse and relations between them as major components in the evolution of <span class="hlt">text</span> from thought to written language. Concludes by examining the implications of this theory for understanding students'…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Collins, James L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">499</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.hallidaycentre.cityu.edu.hk/hcls-c2-2008/resources/pconf2.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Properties of translated <span class="hlt">texts</span>: methods and evaluations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Translations have been shown to exhibit particular linguistic features indicating that they are a special type of <span class="hlt">text</span>. The specific properties of translations are of interest both to the practising translator, to the linguist and the translation scholar. The first part of the course is concerned with an extended register analysis of an English original <span class="hlt">text</span> and its German translation,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Erich Steiner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">500</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://net.pku.edu.cn/~course/cs410/reading/kdd06-mix.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A mixture model for contextual <span class="hlt">text</span> mining</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Contextual <span class="hlt">text</span> mining is concerned with extracting topical themes from a <span class="hlt">text</span> collection with context information (e.g., time and location) and comparing\\/analyzing the variations of themes over different contexts. Since the topics covered in a document are usually related to the context of the doc- ument, analyzing topical themes within context can poten- tially reveal many interesting theme patterns. In</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Qiaozhu Mei; Chengxiang Zhai</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_25 div --> <!-- Column 1 end --> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- BEGIN: footer --> <div id="footer_inner" class="osti" style="margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;"> <div class="osti twoColLiqRtHdr"> <div id="container" class="osti"> <div id="mainContent" class="osti"> <div id="footer" class="osti"> Search capabilities provided by <a href="http://www.osti.gov">DOE/OSTI</a><br> Websites by Topic maintained by <a href="http://www.cendi.gov/">CENDI</a><br> <div align="center"><span style="font-weight:bold; font-size:9px; color:#666; line-height:14px">Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. <br> Their policies may differ from this site.</span></div> <div align="center"><a href="http://www.science.gov/disclaimer.html">Privacy & Security</a><br></div> <table align="center" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" height="14" width="178"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="124"><div align="center"><a href="http://www.usa.gov"><img src="http://www.science.gov/images/USAgov.jpg" alt="USA.gov" border="0" height="14" width="42"></a></div></td> <td width="129"><div align="center"><a href="http://worldwidescience.org"><img src="http://www.science.gov/images/wws.jpg" alt="WorldWideScience.org" border="0" height="14" width="108"></a></div></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <a href="http://www.usajobs.gov/">USAJOBS</a> :: <a href="http://www.grants.gov/">Grants</a> :: <a href="http://www.regulations.gov/search/Regs/home.html#home">Regulations.gov</a><br> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- END: footer --> </body> </html>