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1

Risk factors and complications of puerperal sepsis at a tertiary healthcare centre  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine the risk factors and complications of puerperal sepsis. Methods: This was an observational prospective Cohort study conducted from January 2011 to December 2011 at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences Jamshoro/Hyderabad, Sindh Pakistan. During this study period, all the women who delivered in this hospital or referred to this hospital within 42 days after delivery with puerperal pyrexia/sepsis diagnosed on clinical examination as well as with relevant investigations were included in the study. Women with other ailments like malaria, typhoid fever and postpartum eclampsia during the puerperal period were excluded. The subjects were registered on predesigned proforma after giving informed written consent. The data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 17. Results: During this period there were 3316 obstetrical admission and out of these 129(3.89%) women had puerperal sepsis. Most of these women 84(65.11%) were aged 31 years and above, multiparous 101 (78.29%), and unbooked 98 (75.96%) cases. Common risk factors found were absent membranes in 108(83.72%) of the women, delivered or undelivered and mismanaged, referred cases 95(73.64%), are being delivered in this hospital 34(26.35%). Morbidities seen were septicemia in 35 (27.13%) cases, and disseminated intra vascular coagulation in 23(17.82%) cases, while 11 (8.52%) of the women died. Conclusion: Common risk factors were anaemia; suboptimal personal hygiene as well as improper sterilization which resulted in severe health hazards such as septicemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation as well as death.

Khaskheli, Meharun-Nissa; Baloch, Shahla; Sheeba, Aneela

2013-01-01

2

Risk factors and complications of puerperal sepsis at a tertiary healthcare centre.  

PubMed

Objective: To determine the risk factors and complications of puerperal sepsis. Methods: This was an observational prospective Cohort study conducted from January 2011 to December 2011 at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences Jamshoro/Hyderabad, Sindh Pakistan. During this study period, all the women who delivered in this hospital or referred to this hospital within 42 days after delivery with puerperal pyrexia/sepsis diagnosed on clinical examination as well as with relevant investigations were included in the study. Women with other ailments like malaria, typhoid fever and postpartum eclampsia during the puerperal period were excluded. The subjects were registered on predesigned proforma after giving informed written consent. The data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 17. Results: During this period there were 3316 obstetrical admission and out of these 129(3.89%) women had puerperal sepsis. Most of these women 84(65.11%) were aged 31 years and above, multiparous 101 (78.29%), and unbooked 98 (75.96%) cases. Common risk factors found were absent membranes in 108(83.72%) of the women, delivered or undelivered and mismanaged, referred cases 95(73.64%), are being delivered in this hospital 34(26.35%). Morbidities seen were septicemia in 35 (27.13%) cases, and disseminated intra vascular coagulation in 23(17.82%) cases, while 11 (8.52%) of the women died. Conclusion: Common risk factors were anaemia; suboptimal personal hygiene as well as improper sterilization which resulted in severe health hazards such as septicemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation as well as death. PMID:24353670

Khaskheli, Meharun-Nissa; Baloch, Shahla; Sheeba, Aneela

2013-07-01

3

Early complications following haematopoietic SCT in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early complications can be defined as those occurring within 100 days after transplant. Both epithelial and endothelial damage represent the pathogenetic basis for the onset of the most frequent complications. Clinical features related to endothelial damage depend on the involved district or on the grade and type of general distribution. Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) most often occurs within the first 20

M Miano; M Faraci; G Dini; P Bordigoni

2008-01-01

4

Oral misoprostol use in early complicated pregnancy.  

PubMed

Eighty-four patients with early complicated pregnancies such as intrauterine death, blighted ovum pregnancy and missed abortion were treated with oral misoprostol. If abortion did not occur, 200 micrograms misoprostol was given once an hour, with an average dose of 1000 micrograms (min 200 micrograms, max 1200 micrograms). Complete or partial abortion took place within 7.0 +/- 5.1 h in 92.5% of patients. Of the patients, 11.9% and 83.3% had complete and partial abortion, respectively, without major complications. We observed only minor side-effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hypotension, fever, headache and abdominal pain. This study demonstrates that the use of oral misoprostol is a simple, inexpensive and easy procedure for terminating early complicated pregnancies, although additional surgical evacuation of the uterus was required in the large majority of patients. PMID:8863909

Haberal, A; Celikkanat, H; Batioglu, S

1996-06-01

5

Procalcitonin in Early Detection of Postoperative Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A prospective clinical study was performed to assess the accuracy of procalcitonin in 70 patients with elective colorectal or aortal surgery and to compare it with inflammatory mediators. Also the early prediction of complications and the outcome of these patients was taken into account. Methods: Laboratory variables and cytokine determination were obtained preoperatively, on the day of operation and

H. Bernd Reith; Ulrich Mittelkötter; E. Sebastian Debus; Claudia Küssner; Arnulf Thiede

1998-01-01

6

Early respiratory complications after liver transplantation  

PubMed Central

The poor clinical conditions associated with end-stage cirrhosis, pre-existing pulmonary abnormalities, and high comorbidity rates in patients with high Model for End-Stage Liver Disease scores are all well-recognized factors that increase the risk of pulmonary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) surgery. Many intraoperative and postoperative events, such as fluid overload, massive transfusion of blood products, hemodynamic instability, unexpected coagulation abnormalities, renal dysfunction, and serious adverse effects of reperfusion syndrome, are other factors that predispose an individual to postoperative respiratory disorders. Despite advances in surgical techniques and anesthesiological management, the lung may still suffer throughout the perioperative period from various types of injury and ventilatory impairment, with different clinical outcomes. Pulmonary complications after OLT can be classified as infectious or non-infectious. Pleural effusion, atelectasis, pulmonary edema, respiratory distress syndrome, and pneumonia may contribute considerably to early morbidity and mortality in liver transplant patients. It is of paramount importance to accurately identify lung disorders because infectious pulmonary complications warrant speedy and aggressive treatment to prevent diffuse lung injury and the risk of evolution into multisystem organ failure. This review discusses the most common perioperative factors that predispose an individual to postoperative pulmonary complications and these complicationsearly clinical manifestations after OLT and influence on patient outcome.

Feltracco, Paolo; Carollo, Cristiana; Barbieri, Stefania; Pettenuzzo, Tommaso; Ori, Carlo

2013-01-01

7

Oral misoprostol use in early complicated pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-four patients with early complicated pregnancies such as intrauterine death, blighted ovum pregnancy and missed abortion were treated with oral misoprostol. If abortion did not occur, 200 µg misoprostol was given once an hour, with an average dose of 1000 µg (min 200 µg, max 1200 µg). Complete or partial abortion took place within 7.0±5.1 h in 92.5% of patients.

A. Haberal; H. Celikkanat; S. Batioglu

1996-01-01

8

A review of safety, efficacy, pros and cons, and issues of puerperal tubal sterilization--an update.  

PubMed

This review focuses on the safety, efficacy, pros and cons of tubal sterilization procedures performed during the puerperium period while the woman is still in hospital. Findings from four previous reviews are synthesized, and the results published in more recent literature are evaluated. The review finds that tubal sterilization performed while the woman is still on the delivery table, or during a woman's early puerperium while she remains hospitalized, is operationally easy and medically safe, and does not adversely affect lactation. However, reported pregnancy rates are generally higher in puerperal tubal sterilization than in interval sterilization, especially when the mechanical tubal occlusion technique is used. The Pomeroy method, and its modifications via minilaparotomy, is highly recommendable. On the other hand, electrocoagulation via laparoscopy is associated with high efficacy, but a potentially increased risk of complications and difficulties in tubal reversal. Tubal sterilizations can be easily and safely performed at cesarean delivery in selected cases. Tubal sterilization performed during puerperium has a number of advantages over short-acting contraceptive methods, which require strict compliance, for postpartum use. However, candidates for puerperal tubal sterilization need to be carefully screened and counseled, since post-sterilization regret is more likely to occur. Unsettled issues for puerperal tubal sterilization and a number of practical problems that need to be addressed before initiation of a puerperal tubal sterilization program in a maternity clinic/hospital are discussed. PMID:8533623

Chi, I C; Petta, C A; McPheeters, M

1995-09-01

9

Sonographic and MR features of puerperal uterine inversion.  

PubMed

Puerperal uterine inversion is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of a mismanaged third stage of labour. Early diagnosis is mandatory for proper management of the patient. Complete uterine inversion is a clinical diagnosis. However, incomplete uterine inversion is difficult to identify and warrants further workup. Sonographic evaluation, although a bedside procedure, may be confusing. The conspicuity of findings is much greater on MR examination than on ultrasound. Only a few diagnostic imaging findings in uterine inversion have been described in previous reports. We present the case of a 26-year-old woman who had a full-term vaginal delivery and presented after 20 days with acute urinary retention and mild vaginal bleeding. She was diagnosed as a case of neglected subacute incomplete uterine inversion. Both greyscale and Doppler sonographic and MR features of the case are described with an emphasis on better delineation of uterine and adnexal anatomy on MR imaging. PMID:24619161

Thakur, Shruti; Sharma, Sanjiv; Jhobta, Anupam; Aggarwal, Neeti; Thakur, Charu S

2014-06-01

10

Puerperal infections of the genital tract: a clinical review.  

PubMed

Puerperal genital tract infections, although less common in the 21st century, continue to affect maternal mortality and morbidity rates in the United States. Puerperal genital tract infections include endometritis as well as abdominal and perineal wound infections. These infections interrupt postpartum restoration, increase the potential for readmission to a health care facility, and can interfere with maternal-infant bonding. In addition, unrecognized or improperly treated genital tract infection could extend to other sites via venous circulation or the lymphatic system and increase the risk of severe complications or sepsis. Midwives are leaders in education, low rates of intervention, and prompt recognition of deviation from normal. Because puerperal genital tract infection usually begins after discharge, detailed education for women will encourage preventative health care, prompt recognition, and treatment. PMID:24406036

Karsnitz, Deborah Brandt

2013-01-01

11

Necrotizing pneumonia complicated by early and late pneumatoceles  

PubMed Central

Community-acquired pneumonia generally has a benign course when treated, but can be complicated by pleural effusion, empyema, lung abscesses, necrotizing pneumonia or pneumatoceles. Pneumatoceles can cause cardiorespiratory compromise requiring urgent intervention. A child with a severe necrotizing pneumonia, as well as a large early pneumatocele complicating mechanical ventilation, is presented. While pneumonectomy resulted in transient improvement, the course was further complicated by multiple late occurring pneumatoceles that ultimately led to the patient’s death.

Al-Saleh, Suhail; Grasemann, Hartmut; Cox, Peter

2008-01-01

12

Early and late complications of polyalkylimide gel (Bio-Alcamid)®.  

PubMed

This case report summarises early and late of complications that have developed inpatients treated with Bio-Alcamid for HIV-associated facial lipoatrophy and describes the management strategy employed to treat the most serious of these cases. PMID:20637713

Nelson, Lisa; Stewart, Kenneth J

2011-03-01

13

Predictors of early complications of total shoulder arthroplasty.  

PubMed

The authors hypothesized that age, body mass index (BMI), and medical comorbidities (graded with the Charleson Comorbidiy index [CCI]) could be used to predict early complications after TSA. The authors performed a retrospective review of primary TSAs with a minimum of 90-day follow-up. One hundred twenty-seven patients met the inclusion criteria. Complications occurred in 12 (9.4%) of patients. Major complications occurred in 1 patient (0.8%), medical in 8 (6.3%), and surgical in 4 (3.1%). CCI significantly correlated with complication rates and multivariate regression analysis demonstrated CCI to be the only significant determinant of overall complication rates (P = 0.005) and medical complication rates (P = 0.015). While BMI subgroup did not affect complication rates, transfusion rates, intra-operative blood loss, or operative time, our study may have been underpowered for this variable. PMID:23927910

Chalmers, Peter N; Gupta, Anil K; Rahman, Zain; Bruce, Benjamin; Romeo, Anthony A; Nicholson, Gregory P

2014-04-01

14

A comparison of clinical response to electroconvulsive therapy in puerperal and non-puerperal psychoses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There is a widespread belief that puerperal psychosis is particularly responsive to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), but research evidence for this is lacking. Method: We have conducted a retrospective case-note study of clinical improvement following ECT in puerperal and non-puerperal psychosis. The main outcome measure was improvement in mental state at the end of a course of ECT, rated by

Paul Reed; Nicola Sermin; Louis Appleby; Brian Faragher

1999-01-01

15

Impact of early or delayed elective resection in complicated diverticulitis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the outcomes of early and delayed elective resection after initial antibiotic treatment in patients with complicated diverticulitis. METHODS: The study, a non-randomized comparison of the two approaches, included 421 consecutive patients who underwent surgical resection for complicated sigmoid diverticulitis (Hinchey classification?I-II) at the Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf between 2004 and 2009. The operating procedure, duration of hospital and intensive care unit stay, outcome, complications and socioeconomic costs were analyzed, with comparison made between the early and delayed elective resection strategies. RESULTS: The severity of the diverticulitis and American Society of Anesthesiologists score were comparable for the two groups. Patients who underwent delayed elective resection had a shorter hospital stay and operating time, and the rate of successfully completed laparoscopic resections was higher (80% vs 75%). Eight patients who were scheduled for delayed elective resection required urgent surgery because of complications of the diverticulitis, which resulted in a high rate of morbidity. Analysis of the socioeconomic effects showed that hospitalization costs were significantly higher for delayed elective resection compared with early elective resection (9296 € ± 694 € vs 8423 € ± 968 €; P = 0.001). Delayed elective resection showed a trend toward lower complications, and the operation appeared simpler to perform than early elective resection. Nevertheless, delayed elective resection carries a risk of complications occurring during the period of 6-8 wk that could necessitate an urgent resection with its consequent high morbidity, which counterbalanced many of the advantages. CONCLUSION: Overall, early elective resection for complicated, non-perforated diverticulitis is shown to be a suitable alternative to delayed elective resection after 6-8 wk, with additional beneficial socioeconomic effects.

Bachmann, Kai; Krause, Geeske; Rawnaq, Tamina; Tomkotter, Lena; Vashist, Yogesh; Shahmiri, Shanly; Izbicki, Jakob R; Bockhorn, Maximilian

2011-01-01

16

Neglected puerperal inversion of the uterus: ignorance makes acute a chronic form.  

PubMed

Inversion of uterus is a rare complication of vaginal delivery. The reported incidence of puerperal inversion varies from approximately 1 in 550 to 1 in several thousand normal deliveries. Maternal mortality has been reported to be as high as 15%, mainly because of associated life threatening blood loss and shock. Early diagnosis, prompt and aggressive management decrease the morbidity and mortality to minimal. We report a case of 21 year old primi, who presented to us with uterine inversion after delivery at a rural set up by untrained birth attendant ("Dai"). She was managed surgically with Haultain's operation and discharged after 5 days. She didn't turn up for follow up and was readmitted after 4 weeks with uterine reinversion associated with endometritis. A recent case is described, followed by a short review of literature. PMID:23077710

Minakshi, Sardha; Shivani, Atri; Arshad, Anjum

2012-01-01

17

Neglected puerperal inversion of the uterus: ignorance makes acute a chronic form  

PubMed Central

Inversion of uterus is a rare complication of vaginal delivery. The reported incidence of puerperal inversion varies from approximately 1 in 550 to 1 in several thousand normal deliveries. Maternal mortality has been reported to be as high as 15%, mainly because of associated life threatening blood loss and shock. Early diagnosis, prompt and aggressive management decrease the morbidity and mortality to minimal. We report a case of 21 year old primi, who presented to us with uterine inversion after delivery at a rural set up by untrained birth attendant (“Dai”). She was managed surgically with Haultain's operation and discharged after 5 days. She didn't turn up for follow up and was readmitted after 4 weeks with uterine reinversion associated with endometritis. A recent case is described, followed by a short review of literature.

Minakshi, Sardha; Shivani, Atri; Arshad, Anjum

2012-01-01

18

[In search of puerperal madness in Argentina].  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to identify cases and scientific works about "puerperal madness" between 1850 and 1940 in Buenos Aires. The gradual installation of the device of maternities in the Argentina, and especially in the city of Buenos Aires, was not exempt from difficulties, in the medical boarding of the pregnant woman and parturient as well as in the cultural conception of the mothers. This fact presupposes an increase of the phenomenon called "puerperal madness" in the moment where the displacement of the act of giving birth in the house to the hospital takes place. Certainly, the clinical fact of the "puerperal madness" exceeds to the historical social context, and in this way appear all the psychopathologies related to the pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperal fevers. We also must take in account the influence of the medical speech about the feminine body and his translation to a scientific and institutional speech never before experienced in Argentina. PMID:19835031

Vaschetto, Emilio

2008-01-01

19

Maternal and neonatal complications of elective early-term deliveries.  

PubMed

Approximately 10% to 15% of all deliveries in the United States are performed before 39 completed weeks of gestation without a true medical indication for early delivery, despite long-standing recommendations against this practice. Early-term deliveries are those that occur between 3707 and 3867 weeks. It is now recognized that maternal and neonatal complications have increased for deliveries that occur at early- vs late-term gestation. The reasons for the increase in the rate of elective early-term deliveries are unclear but likely involve both patient and physician factors. Various strategies have been used to increase awareness of the morbidities associated with the practice of elective early-term delivery and to reduce its frequency. Insurers and quality accrediting agencies are increasingly holding hospitals accountable for their rates of elective early-term deliveries, and this pressure will likely continue to lead to widespread change in the practice of obstetrics. The interventions to increase adherence to evidence-based medicine guidelines that are described within this review may also be applicable to other areas of medicine. PMID:24182707

Jensen, Jani R; White, Wendy M; Coddington, Charles C

2013-11-01

20

[Early and late complications after implantation of central venous catheters].  

PubMed

The use of implantable central venous catheters by the puncture-technique of Nagy is a safe method performed by trained surgeons. Due to the high mobility and then reduction of painful blood samples this method contributes favourably to the improvement of the quality of life of children with chronic diseases. The analysis of 140 catheters implanted in the Department of Pediatric Surgery of the University of Leipzig between 1995 and 2000 showed 11 cases with early complications. As the most frequent late complications were infection and thrombosis in 51 children. Neutropenia is a particular risk factor during polychemotherapy of malignant tumors. Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most frequently isolated bacillus. Catheter associated infections are only partly treatable by antibiotic therapy. In 29 of 44 cases the explantation of the catheter was necessary. Only a strict hygienic regimen would minimize the risk of infection PMID:12545422

Herold, A; Rothe, K; Woller, T; Bierbach, U; Bennek, J

2003-01-01

21

Early management of atrial fibrillation to prevent cardiovascular complications.  

PubMed

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is generally considered a progressive disease, typically evolving from paroxysmal through persistent to 'permanent' forms, a process attributed to electrical and structural remodelling related to both the underlying disease and AF itself. Medical treatment has yet to demonstrate clinical efficacy in preventing progression. Large clinical trials performed to date have failed to show benefit of rhythm control compared with rate control, but these trials primarily included patients at late stages in the disease process. One possible explanation is that intervention at only an early stage of progression may improve prognosis. Evolving observations about the progressive nature of AF, along with the occurrences of major complications such as strokes upon AF presentation, led to the notion that earlier and more active approaches to AF detection, rhythm-reversion, and maintenance of sinus rhythm may be a useful strategy in AF management. Approaches to early and sustained rhythm control include measures that prevent development of the AF substrate, earlier catheter ablation, and novel antiarrhythmic drugs. Improved classifications of AF mechanism, pathogenesis, and remodelling may be helpful to enable patient-specific pathophysiological diagnosis and therapy. Potential novel therapeutic options under development include microRNA-modulation, heatshock protein inducers, agents that influence Ca(2+) handling, vagal stimulators, and more aggressive mechanism-based ablation strategies. In this review, of research into the basis and management of AF in acute and early settings, it is proposed that progression from paroxysmal to persistent AF can be interrupted, with potentially favourable prognostic impact. PMID:24536084

Nattel, Stanley; Guasch, Eduard; Savelieva, Irina; Cosio, Francisco G; Valverde, Irene; Halperin, Jonathan L; Conroy, Jennifer M; Al-Khatib, Sana M; Hess, Paul L; Kirchhof, Paulus; De Bono, Joseph; Lip, Gregory Y H; Banerjee, Amitava; Ruskin, Jeremy; Blendea, Dan; Camm, A John

2014-06-01

22

Puerperal group a streptococcal infection: beyond semmelweis.  

PubMed

Ignaz Semmelweiss made one of the most important contributions to modern medicine when he instituted handwashing in an obstetric clinic in Austria in 1847, decreasing mortality there from more than 10% to 2%. Unfortunately, puerperal sepsis remains a leading cause of maternal mortality throughout the world. Group A streptococcus (GAS), Streptococcus pyogenes, is an organism associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality from puerperal infections. When associated with sepsis, known as streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, mortality rates approach 30-50%. Group A streptococcus can cause invasive infections in the form of endometritis, necrotizing fasciitis, or streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. The clinical presentation of women with puerperal GAS infections is often atypical with extremes of temperature, unusual and vague pain, and pain in extremities. Toxin production by the organism may allow GAS to spread across tissue planes and cause necrosis while evading containment by the maternal immune system in the form of a discrete abscess. Endometrial aspiration in addition to blood cultures may be a useful rapid diagnostic tool. Imaging may appear normal and should not dissuade the clinician from aggressive management. When suspected, invasive GAS infections should be treated emergently with fluid resuscitation, antibiotic administration, and source control. The optimal antibiotic regimen contains penicillin and clindamycin. Source control may require extensive wound or vulvar debridement, hysterectomy, or a combination of these, which may be life-saving. The benefit of immunoglobulins in management of puerperal GAS infections is unclear. PMID:24785617

Anderson, Brenna L

2014-04-01

23

Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... Eye Complications Neuropathy Foot Complications DKA (Ketoacidosis) & Ketones Kidney Disease (Nephropathy) Gastroparesis Mental Health Treatment & Care Blood Glucose Testing Medication Doctors, Nurses & More ...

24

Intraoperative and Early Postoperative Complications of Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: To determine the perioperative complications and morbidity of radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) and to analyze risk factors for observed complications. Materials and Methods: Data of 1,000 patients undergoing RRP and pelvic lymphadenectomy (pLA) performed by different surgeons of the same hospital were collected. Uni- and multivariate analysis was performed to detect associations between intra- and postoperative complications and specific

Virgilijus Klevecka; Luise Burmester; Michael Musch; Ulla Roggenbuck; Darko Kroepfl

2007-01-01

25

[Pathogenetic validation of the development of early and complicated menopause].  

PubMed

Results have been studied of case histories, clinical-and-functional, and pathomorphological investigations on ovaries in 82 women presenting with early and complicated climacterium, who had undergone ovarian surgery for tumour formations. In those women who ranged from 18 to 34 years old and presented with a most aggravated hereditary antecedent history morphological changes were characterized by development of sclerotic, atrophic, and dysregenerative processes in the parenchyma of the ovary. In women aged 35-42 years with aggravated gynecological past history morphological changes in the ovaries were characterized by predominance of inflammatory processes involving mononuclear cells of lymphoid and histiocytic origin and by development of cystic dilation of folliculi and diminution of the volume of granulosa and luteinic cells due to development of the atrophic process. In women 43 to 55 years old with aggravated somatic case history, morphological changes in the ovaries were characterized by dysregenerative, metaplastic and dysplastic changes that led to lowering of functional parameters of the ovaries. Results of the studies made show that development of pathological climacterium is related largely to an extragenital pathology having occurred at the reproductive age. PMID:12442515

Rasulova, M I; Israilov, R I

2002-01-01

26

The Effect of Surveillance and Appreciative Inquiry on Puerperal Infections: A Longitudinal Cohort Study in India  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the effects of an intervention comprising surveillance and an organisational change called Appreciative Inquiry on puerperal infections in hospitals in Gujarat state, India. Methods This longitudinal cohort study with a control group was conducted over 16 months between 2010 and 2012. Women who delivered in six hospitals were followed-up. After a five month pre-intervention period, the intervention was introduced in three hospitals. Monthly incidence of puerperal infection was recorded throughout the study in all six hospitals. A chi-square test and logistic regression were used to examine for associations, trends and interactions between the intervention and control groups. Findings Of the 8,124 women followed up, puerperal infections were reported in 319 women (3.9%) over the course of the study. Puerperal sepsis/genital tract infections and urinary tract infections were the two most common puerperal infections. At the end of the study, infection incidence in the control group halved from 7.4% to 3.5%. Levels in the intervention group reduced proportionately even more, from 4.3% to 1.7%. A chi-square test for trend confirmed the reduction of infection in the intervention and control groups (p<0.0001) but the trends were not statistically different from one another. There was an overall reduction of infection by month (OR?=?0.94 95% CI 0.91–0.97). Risk factors like delivery type, complications or delivery attendant showed no association with infection. Conclusion Interruption of resource flows in the health system occurred during the intervention phase, which may have affected the findings. The incidence of infection fell in both control and intervention groups during the course of the study. It is not clear if appreciative inquiry contributed to the reductions observed. A number of practical and methodological limitations were faced. Trial Registration Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN03513186

Hussein, Julia; Ramani, K. V.; Kanguru, Lovney; Patel, Kalpesh; Bell, Jacqueline; Patel, Purvi; Walker, Leighton; Mehta, Rajesh; Mavalankar, Dileep

2014-01-01

27

Early complications of interventional balloon catheterisation in infants and children.  

PubMed Central

Interventional balloon catheterisation is now the recommended procedure for several congenital heart defects. The overall complication rate in the first 160 children (median age 3 years) to undergo balloon intervention (excluding balloon atrial septostomy) at the Brompton Hospital was 24% (14% excluding haemorrhage and including three deaths (1.9%]. Most complications were related to vascular problems at the site of cardiac catheterisation. Complications were more common in the younger patient, especially neonates, and also in procedures that were ultimately unsuccessful. Most complications were transient and usually had no long term effects. Improvements in equipment design and technical expertise may reduce morbidity from these procedures.

Booth, P; Redington, A N; Shinebourne, E A; Rigby, M L

1991-01-01

28

Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement: Intraoperative and Early Postoperative Complications  

PubMed Central

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is a treatment option for patients with symptomatic glenohumeral arthritis and a deficient rotator cuff. The reported complication rates vary from 0% to 68%. Given this variation, our purposes were to (1) determine the learning curve for the procedure, (2) identify complications and surgical pitfalls, and (3) compare our results with those of similar published series. We retrospectively reviewed 20 consecutive patients (mean age, 73 years; range, 45–88 years) who had reverse total shoulder arthroplasty by one surgeon, tabulating intraoperative and postoperative complications. Minimum followup was 3 months (average, 9 months; range, 3–21 months). The intraoperative complication rate for the first 10 patients was higher than that for the second 10 patients. There were 33 complications in 15 patients: 11 patients collectively had 22 intraoperative complications and eight patients collectively had 11 postoperative complications. At radiographic followup, 11 patients had scapular notching and nine patients had heterotopic ossification. Our complication rate was higher than published rates. Level of Evidence: Level II, prognostic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Wierks, Carl; Skolasky, Richard L.; Ji, Jong Hun

2008-01-01

29

Early complication after hybrid thoracic aortic aneurysm repair.  

PubMed

This brief report describes an unusual hybrid approach complication of aortic arch disease. An acute stent kinking in the first post-operative day promoted ventricular fibrillation and death. Adequate oversizing was achieved and intraoperative angiogram showed no proximal or distal leaks. Unfavorable outcomes are highly under-reported and describing complications are a key instrument to improve this technique. PMID:18303041

Palma, José Honório; Guilhen, José Stocco; Gaia, Diego Felipe; Buffolo, Enio

2008-05-01

30

Semmelweis: the combat against puerperal fever.  

PubMed

Groups A and B streptococci are of great significance in the history of obstetrics. Group A streptococci were a great threat to the puerperium, especially in the 19th century, when homebirth was replaced by institutional birth in lying-in hospitals. The history of the rise and fall of puerperal fever is indeed a tragedy. Some people, like Semmelweis, who brought new and important evidence based findings were not believed by their fellow obstetricians, an attitude that spoiled thousands of innocent lives. Even today group A streptococci, though seldom, may be the cause of puerperal sepsis. Group B streptococci are widespread and may cause sepsis and important lifelong morbidity or mortality of the newborn. Obstetricians today try to establish cost-effective prophylactic measures during labor to prevent these neonatal infections. PMID:10825634

Adriaanse, A H; Pel, M; Bleker, O P

2000-06-01

31

Anemia: An early complication of chronic renal insufficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The strong association between anemia and cardiovascular complications among patients with end-stage renal disease suggests that anemia during chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) may also have important consequences. We performed a retrospective cohort study to identify factors associated with severe anemia (hematocrit [lsqb ]Hct[rsqb ] [lt ] 30%) and examine anemia management practices in CRI. The CRI cohort was composed of

Waqar H. Kazmi; Annamaria T. Kausz; Samina Khan; Rekha Abichandani; Robin Ruthazer; Gregorio T. Obrador; Brian J. G. Pereira

2001-01-01

32

Reducing Early Technical Complications in Gastric Bypass Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The incidence of complications following gastric bypass surgery has decreased markedly over the last 30 years;\\u000a nevertheless, significant morbidity and mortality is still associated with this procedure. Much of the improved risk of this\\u000a technique can be attributed to the numerous modifications that have taken place in its evolution. Methods: We compared our\\u000a series of 640 primary cases of

Rafael F. Capella; Joseph F. Capella

1997-01-01

33

Expanding Disease Spectrum Associated With Puerperal Mastitis  

PubMed Central

Background: Staphylococcus aureus and the ?-hemolytic streptococci are the commonest causes of puerperal mastitis which tends to be a localized disease process. This report describes 2 cases attributable to these bacteria that resulted in extramammary involvement and augmented morbidity. Cases: Two cases of postpartum mastitis are described, one leading to necrotizing fasciitis caused by group A streptococci and the other leading to toxic shock syndrome (TSS) caused by S. aureus. Conclusion: The spectrum of disease commonly attributed to mastitis occurring in this setting should be expanded.

McAdoo, Gregg L.

1997-01-01

34

Clinical Significance of Serum Hepcidin Levels on Early Infectious Complications in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association of iron overload with complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been suggested in previous studies. Because hepcidin plays a central role in the regulation of iron homeostasis, we analyzed the association between pretransplant serum hepcidin-25 levels and early infectious complications after allogeneic HSCT. We studied 55 consecutive adult patients with a median age of 47

Junya Kanda; Chisaki Mizumoto; Hiroshi Kawabata; Tatsuo Ichinohe; Hideyuki Tsuchida; Naohisa Tomosugi; Keitaro Matsuo; Kouhei Yamashita; Tadakazu Kondo; Takayuki Ishikawa; Takashi Uchiyama

2009-01-01

35

Early outcomes and complications of posterior vertebral column resection.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Hyperkyphosis confers a significant risk for neurologic deterioration as well as compromised cardiopulmonary function. Posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) is a challenging but effective technique for spinal cord decompression and deformity correction that even under the setting of limited resources can be performed to reduce the technical difficulties, the operating time, and possibly the complications of the traditional two-staged vertebral column resection (VCR). PURPOSE: To report on the results of VCR performed through a single posterior approach (PVCR) in the treatment of severe rigid kyphosis in a series of patients treated and followed at a Scoliosis Research Society Global Outreach Program site in West Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PATIENT SAMPLE: Forty-five consecutive patients treated with PVCR for correction of severe rigid kyphosis. OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical and radiographic outcomes and complications; Scoliosis Research Society outcome instrument (SRS-22). METHODS: From 2002 to 2009, 45 patients (20 male and 25 female) underwent PVCR for kyphosis from congenital deformity (nine) or secondary to tuberculosis of the spine (36). Preoperative demographics, preop and postop neurologic status, SRS-22 scores and complications were recorded; upright full spine X-rays were available in all patients. Mean age was 14 years (6-47 years); mean follow-up 27 months (2-79 months). Mean preoperative kyphosis measured 108°. The deformity apex was resected via a costotransverse (thoracic) or posterolateral (lumbar) approach; neurosurveillance with sensory (somatosensory-evoked potentials) and motor (motor-evoked potentials) potential was used in all cases. Posterior instrumentation was used in all patients, and anterior structural cage was used in 32 patients. RESULTS: Intraoperative monitoring changes occurred in 10 patients (22%), and one patient progressed to complete spinal cord injury. Average preoperative local kyphosis was 108° and corrected to 600 postoperatively. Postoperatively, no additional patient showed neurologic deterioration; of the 11 patients with preoperative gait disturbances, 4 improved to normal gait, 5 remained the same, and 2 showed deterioration of their walking ability to nonambulating level. Total SRS-22 scores improved from 3.18 to 3.54 (p=.01), primarily self-image domain. CONCLUSIONS: Posterior vertebral column resection was successfully undertaken for the management of thoracic and thoracolumbar hyperkyphosis, demonstrating improvements in overall kyphosis and clinical outcome. Neuromonitoring provided the required safety to perform these challenging complex spine deformity procedures. PMID:23623509

Papadopoulos, Elias C; Boachie-Adjei, Oheneba; Hess, W Fred; Sanchez Perez-Grueso, Francisco J; Pellisé, Ferran; Gupta, Munish; Lonner, Baron; Paonessa, Kenneth; Faloon, Michael; Cunningham, Matthew E; Kim, Han Jo; Mendelow, Michael; Sacramento, Christina; Yazici, Muharrem

2013-04-25

36

MR imaging for early complications of transpedicular screw fixation.  

PubMed

This series comprises ten patients treated with transpedicular screw fixation, who suffered early postoperative problems such as radicular pain or motor weakness. Besides plain radiographs, all patients were also evaluated with MR imaging. Three patients were reoperated for either repositioning or removal of the screws. MR images, especially T1-weighted ones, were very helpful for visualizing the problem and verifying the positions of the screws. In cases of wide areas of signal void around the screws, the neighboring axial MR images at either side, which have fewer artifacts, gave more information about the screws and the vertebrae. PMID:10333155

Colak, A; Kutlay, M; Demircan, N; Seçer, H I; Kibici, K; Ba?ekim, C

1999-01-01

37

Laparoscopic Reinforced Sleeve Gastrectomy: Early Results and Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) was pioneered as a two-stage intervention for super and super-super obesity to minimize morbidity\\u000a and mortality; it is employed increasingly as a primary procedure. Early outcomes and integrity of laparoscopic SG (LSG) against\\u000a leak using a technique incorporating gastric transection-line reinforcement were studied.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Between 2003 and 2009, 121 patients underwent LSG (16, two-stage; 105, primary). Of the

Luigi Angrisani; Pier Paolo Cutolo; Jane N. Buchwald; Tim W. McGlennon; Gabriella Nosso; Francesco Persico; Brunella Capaldo; Silvia Savastano

2011-01-01

38

Early non-immunological post transplant complications: a single center experience.  

PubMed

To assess non-immunological complications affecting renal transplant patients in the first six months after transplantation in Al-Karama hospital, Baghdad, Iraq, we studied 68 patients (49 males, 19 females) attending the clinic during the year 2006. Forty six (67%) patients received kidneys from related and 22 (33%) from unrelated donors. The patients revealed the following complications: post transplant hypertension in 28 (41%) patient, infection (mostly bacterial) in 27 (37%), new onset diabetes in 11 (16%), calcineurin inhibitor toxicity in 10 (14%), anemia in 8 (12%), surgical complications in 7 (10%), slow graft recovery in 4 (6%), cardiovascular complications in 3 (4%), and Kaposi sarcoma in 2 (2.9%). Transient hyperglycemia, hypertension, infection and diabetes mellitus were the commonest early complications of renal transplantation. The incidence of complications is comparable to the average reported in the literature, especially in this region of the world. PMID:18580032

Jabur, Wael Latif; Mohammed Saaed, Hareth M; Abdulla, Khalid

2008-07-01

39

Valve sparing aortic root reconstruction versus composite replacement – perioperative course and early complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In patients with aneurysm of the ascending aorta, dilatation of the sinotubular junction is the major cause of aortic valve regurgitation. Valve sparing aortic root replacement in patients without valvular structural defects offers a new form of treatment. The aim of this study was the assessment of the perioperative course and early complications of this method compared to composite

K. Kallenbach; K. Pethig; M. Schwarz; A. Milz; A. Haverich; W. Harringer

2001-01-01

40

Lower skeletal muscle index and early complications in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Radical cystectomy (RC) is the standard treatment for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BC), and it is also a valid option for selected patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive BC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect on the lower skeletal muscle index (SMI) of short-term postoperative complications of radical cystectomy (RC) in patients with bladder cancer (BC). Methods A total of 247 patients who received RC for BC and 204 age-matched healthy population-based controls were retrospectively assessed. SMI was measured by preoperative computed tomography scans at the L4 to L5 level. Early complications were graded by Clavien-Dindo classification; severity of grade III or greater was identified as a severe complication. Logistic regression was utilized to determine the relationships between covariables and severe complications. Results A total of 125 (50.61%)/19 (7.69%) patients exhibited overall/severe complications during the early postoperative period. SMI was strongly associated with gender (P <0.01), but not age and body mass index (BMI), among patients with BC. Compared with the matched control group, BC patients exhibited lower SMI. The difference was statistically significant in the subgroup of male patients (P?=?0.03). In the multivariate analysis, SMI was an independent predictor of developing severe complications. Each 1 cm2/m2 increase in SMI was associated with a decrease in the odds of morbidity by 4.8%. Conclusions A lower SMI is frequently observed in bladder cancer patients undergoing RC and is shown to be strongly associated with early complications following surgery.

2014-01-01

41

Familial liability, obstetric complications and childhood development abnormalities in early onset schizophrenia: a case control study  

PubMed Central

Background Genetic and environmental risk factors and gene-environment interactions are linked to higher likelihood of developing schizophrenia in accordance with the neurodevelopmental model of disease; little is known about risk factors and early development in early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) and very early-onset schizophrenia (VEOS). Methods We present a case-control study of a sample of 21 patients with EOS/VEOS and a control group of 21 patients with migraine, recruited from the Child Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Neurologic and Psychiatric Science, University of Bari, Italy. The aim was to assess the statistical association between VEOS/EOS and family history for psychiatric disorders, obstetric complications and childhood developmental abnormalities using 2 × 2 tables and a Chi Squared or Fisher test. Results The results show a statistical association between EOS/VEOS and schizophrenia and related disorders (P = 0.02) and personality disorders (P = 0.003) in relatives, and between EOS/VEOS and developmental abnormalities of early relational skills (P = 0.008) and learning (P = 0.04); there is not a statistically relevant difference between cases and controls (P > 0.05) for any obstetric complications (pre, peri and postpartum). Conclusions This study confirms the significant role of familial liability but not of obstetric complications in the pathogenesis of VEOS/EOS; the association between childhood developmental abnormalities and EOS/VEOS supports the neurodevelopmental model of disease.

2011-01-01

42

Complications of anticoagulation for thromboembolism in early postoperative total joint arthroplasty.  

PubMed

In the study reported here, we analyzed the complications associated with anticoagulation in total joint arthroplasty patients treated for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the early postoperative period. Twenty-nine consecutive cases from a 1-year period were identified and retrospectively reviewed. VTE treatment, which in most instances (79%) consisted of a heparin drip, was begun a mean of 2.3 days after surgery. Patients received a mean (SD) of 4.4 (5.0) units of packed red blood cells. There were no differences in bleeding parameters with respect to timing of initiation of anticoagulation. Local and systemic bleeding complications were common. The proportion of patients who were transfused was significantly (P<.0001) higher for VTE patients than for control patients, and transfused VTE patients received significantly (P = .0004) more blood products. In total joint arthroplasty patients, VTE treatment began 2.3 days after surgery and had a high incidence of complications related to bleeding. PMID:22016874

Bloomfield, Michael R; Patterson, Ryan W; Froimson, Mark I

2011-08-01

43

Uterine leiomyoma associated non-puerperal uterine inversion misdiagnosed as advanced cervical cancer: A case report?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Uterine inversion is an un-common complication of parturition which often occurs in the immediate postpartum period. The chronic (non-puerperal) uterine inversion is rarer and most times tumour associated. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 51-year old grand multiparous lady presented with a month history of abnormal vaginal bleeding associated with offensive vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain and dizziness. The initial evaluation suggested severe anaemia secondary to advanced cervical cancer. Examination under anaesthesia (EUA), staging and biopsy was attempted but this was however inconclusive due to profuse haemorrhage. A repeat EUA revealed chronic uterine inversion secondary to fundal submucous uterine leiomyoma. Myomectomy was done with tissue histology confirming benign uterine leiomyoma. Two weeks later, a modified Haultain's procedure was done followed by simple hysterectomy and posterior colpoperineorrhaphy. She had satisfactory recovery. DISCUSSION This is the first reported case of chronic non-puerperal uterine inversion in our hospital. When it occurs, it is usually tumour associated with the commonest tumour being prolapsed myoma and leiomyosarcoma. The diagnosis is based on high index of suspicion. CONCLUSION Chronic uterine inversion is a rare gynaecological condition and can be misdiagnosed as advanced cervical cancer or other causes of severe genital haemorrhage in women. A high index of suspicion is needed for its proper diagnosis. Sometimes, an EUA and biopsy was required to determine the cause here and conveniently it could be described as a “gynaecolological near miss”.

Umeononihu, Osita Samuel; Adinma, Joseph Ifeanyi; Obiechina, Nworah J.; Eleje, George Uchenna; udegbunam, Onyebuchi Izuchukwu; Mbachu, Ikechukwu Innocent

2013-01-01

44

Perioperative Complications and Early Follow-up with 100 TVT-SECUR Procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our objective was to evaluate the complications and early follow-up of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT)-SECUR, a new minimally invasive anti-incontinence operative procedure. A prospective, observational, and consecutive patient series was conducted. Perioperative and 12-month postoperative data were prospectively collected for the first 50 patients against the next consecutive 50 patients, among which TVT-SECUR specific surgical measurements were adopted (Canadian

Menahem Neuman

2008-01-01

45

Preoperative staging and early postoperative complications in radical prostatectomy. Experiences in 35 cases.  

PubMed

It is already a textbook item that in patients with prostatic cancer stage T1-T2 N0M0 radical prostatectomy is the only curative treatment. Radical prostatectomy is indicated also for patients in stage T3 N0M0 who underwent antiandrogenic (Fugerel) treatment for 3 months with the aim of reducing tumour volume. In the following 35 cases will be scrutinized, with special regard to preoperative staging and early postoperative complications. PMID:8026924

Romics, I; Bach, D; Widmann, T

1994-01-01

46

Apophyseolysis of the fourth lumbar vertebra: an early postoperative complication following kyphectomy in myelomeningocele  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a report of a young girl with congenital kyphosis at the thoracolumbar spine in association with myelomeningocele.\\u000a Kyphectomy and posterior stabilisation extending from the eighth thoracic to the fourth lumbar vertebra was done. Apophyseolysis\\u000a occurred as an early postoperative complication at the level of the L4-L5 disc. This failure mode was treated by extending\\u000a the fusion to the

H. Böhm; Hesham ElSaghir

2000-01-01

47

Early complications and symptoms of cerebellopontine angle tumor surgery: a prospective analysis.  

PubMed

Our objective is to prospectively report very early complications and outcomes of cerebellopontine angle (CPA) surgery. Between January and August 2007, 72 patients were operated on by different transpetrosal approaches in a tertiary referral center. During preoperative assessment, facial nerve function (House-Brackmann grading system), the presence of vertigo or tinnitus and caloric test results were recorded and correlated with complications and symptoms occurring daily from day (D) 1 to D 8. The overall number of complications did not differ from those of former retrospective studies; nevertheless, the prospective feature of this study prompts several comments. Even slight (grade II) preoperative facial impairments increased the risk of severe postoperative facial dysfunction. Keratitis was frequent (42%) even in patients with normal facial function. Thrombo-embolic complications only occurred after long air-travel (?5 h). Preoperative caloric test status was predictive of postoperative vestibular disturbance occurrence. With respect to the activity recovery; younger patients (<40 years old) displayed faster central compensations than the older (>60 years old) patients. This study highlights several features that may be used for preoperative patient counseling and complication management. In particular, the practitioner has to pay attention to even minor preoperative clinical signs of facial dysfunction to properly inform the patient of facial outcome. Routine ophthalmologic evaluation should be practiced, even when facial function is normal or subnormal. Level of evidence: 1b. PMID:21373897

Lazard, Diane S; Tosello, Maria; Bozorg-Grayeli, Alexis; Vitte, Elizabeth; Bouccara, Didier; Kalamarides, Michel; Sterkers, Olivier

2011-11-01

48

Early reoperation performed for the management of complications in patients undergoing general thoracic surgical procedures  

PubMed Central

Objective To detect the rate and predisposing factors for the development of postoperative complications requiring re-operation for their control in the immediate postoperative period. Methods During the time period 2009-2012, 719 patients (male: 71.62%, mean age: 54±19 years) who underwent a wide range of general thoracic surgery procedures, were retrospectively collected. Data of patients who underwent early re-operation for the management of postoperative complications were assessed for identification of the responsible causative factors. Results Overall, 33/719 patients (4.6%) underwent early re-operation to control postoperative complications. Early re-operation was obviated by the need to control bleeding or to drain clotted hemothoraces in nine cases (27.3%), to manage a prolonged air leak in six cases (18.2%), to drain a post-thoracotomy empyema in five cases (15.2%), to revise the thoracotomy incision or an ischemic musculocutaneous flap in five cases (15.2%), to manage a bronchopleural fistula in four cases (12.1%), to manage persistent atelectasis of the remaining lung in two cases (6.1%), to cease a chyle leak in one case (3%) and to plicate the right hemidiaphragm in another one case (3%). The factors responsible for the development of complications requiring reopening of the chest for their management were technical in 17 cases (51.5%), initial surgery for lung or pleural infections in 9 (27.3%), the recent antiplatelet drug administration in 4 (12.1%) and advanced lung emphysema in 3 (9.1%). Mortality of re-operations was 6.1% (2/33) and it was associated with the need to proceed with completion pneumonectomy in the two cases with persistent atelectasis of the remaining lung and permanent parenchymal damage. The majority of complications requiring reoperation were observed after lung parenchyma resection (17 out of the 228 procedures/7.4%) or pleurectomy (7 out of the 106 procedures/6.5%). Reoperations after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) were uncommon (2 out of the 99 procedures/2%). Conclusions The rate of complications requiring reoperation after general thoracic surgery procedures is low and it is mainly related to technical issues from the initial surgery, the recent administration of antiplatelet drugs, the presence of advanced emphysema and surgery for infectious diseases. The need to proceed with completion pneumonectomy has serious risk for fatal outcome.

Foroulis, Christophoros N.; Kleontas, Athanasios; Karatzopoulos, Avgerinos; Nana, Chryssoula; Tagarakis, George; Tossios, Paschalis; Anastasiadis, Kyriakos

2014-01-01

49

[Laser in the prevention of early postoperative complications in the surgical treatment of obesity].  

PubMed

The results of conduction of operative interventions in 37 patients with alimentary-costitutional obesity are adduced. In 22 of them having the obesity of III-IV stages the small stomach 100-150 ml in volume was constructed puuling in it too tight with a synthetic ribbon. In 1-1.5 years after the operation patient loses 70-80% of excessive body mass, and severe metabolic disturbances never occur. In 15 patients cutaneo-subcutaneous aprons on the abdomen were excised. Intravascular blood irradiation with the help of helium-neon laser for the prophylaxis of early postoperative complications occurrence was conducted. The stimulating action of laserotherapy on the cell and humoral immunity groups, alike central and peripheral hemodynamics improvement, moderate hypocoagulating and analgetic effect, lowering of the purulent-septical and thromboembolic complications in 1.5-2 times was noted. PMID:7707639

Grubnik, V V; Dotsenko, S A; Chuev, P N; Basenko, I L; Salamekh, A

1994-01-01

50

Dental complications of rickets in early childhood: case report on 2 young girls.  

PubMed

Vitamin D is an essential hormone for calcium gut absorption. It is also involved in child growth, cancer prevention, immune system responses, and tooth formation. Due to inadequate vitamin D intake and/or decreased sunlight exposure, vitamin D deficiency has resurfaced in developed countries despite known inexpensive and effective preventive methods. Vitamin D deficiency is a common cause of rickets, a condition that affects bone development in children and that can have serious dental complications. Deficiency during pregnancy can cause enamel hypoplasia of primary teeth. Enamel regeneration is currently impossible; hypoplasia is therefore irreversible, and once affected, teeth are prone to fast caries development. Deficiency during early childhood can affect permanent teeth and ensuing caries can sometimes lead to tooth loss at a young age. Oral manifestations of rickets should be diagnosed early by both physicians and dentists to prevent severe dental complications. This case study presents 2 young girls with rickets in early childhood who suffered from subsequent serious tooth decay. PMID:24616355

Davit-Béal, Tiphaine; Gabay, Julie; Antoniolli, Pauline; Masle-Farquhar, Jeanne; Wolikow, Maryse

2014-04-01

51

Complications and neurosurgical interventions during early rehabilitation in head injured patients.  

PubMed

Guidelines for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are subject of actual efforts in neurosurgery, anaesthesiology and traumatology as well as in the basic sciences. International collaborations such as European Brain Injury Consortium (EBIC), Pan-European-Advisory Board (PAB) and Euroacademy of Multidisciplinary Neurotraumatology (EMN) are working on pathophysiological understanding and evaluation of clinical outcomes to establish standards for a holistic concept from resuscitation to rehabilitation. We reviewed the courses of 252 brain injured patients, treated over a four year period in our department including surgery, intensive care and early rehabilitation. Our special interest was focussed on complications during the early rehabilitation period and the neurological outcomes to define quantity and quality of monitoring as well as the need for invasive interventions at the interface between acute and rehabilitative medicine. PMID:11452849

von Wild, K R; Hoffmann, A; Hoffmann, B

2000-01-01

52

Alterations of hemostatic parameters in the early development of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation-related complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thrombotic events are common and potentially fatal complications in patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation\\u000a (HSCT). Early diagnosis is crucial but remains controversial. In this study, we investigated the early alterations of hemostatic\\u000a parameters in allogeneic HSCT recipients and determined their potential diagnostic values in transplantation-related thrombotic\\u000a complications and other post-HSCT events. Results from 107 patients with allogeneic HSCT showed

Yue Han; Li Zhu; Aining Sun; Xiaoxu Lu; Luping Hu; Lili Zhou; Yongya Ren; Xiaohui Hu; Xiaojin Wu; Zhaoyue Wang; Changgeng Ruan; Depei Wu

53

Complications and the effect of varicocelectomy on semen analysis, fertility, early ejaculation and spontaneous abortion.  

PubMed

Varicocele is still an enigma. Its effects on semen analysis, fertility and, more recently, early ejaculation and spontaneous abortion in spouses are not yet fully understood. In this retrospective study, we evaluated these four parameters (semen analysis, fertility, early ejaculation and spontaneous abortion among spouses) in relation to varicocele and varicocelectomy during a 13-year period. A total of 1,711 patients with varicocele underwent varicocelectomy by high inguinal method (251 cases), subinguinal method (1,375 cases), scrotal method (34 cases), and subinguinal method with local anesthesia (38 cases). Our complication rate was acceptable. Sperm count, motility and morphology increased three months post operation in 55, 51, and 46%, respectively (P value 0.000, 0.000, and 0.015, respectively). Paternity was 56% after one year of post varicocelectomy follow-up. Only 7 out of 82 azoospermic men had sperm in their semen after varicocelectomy and only one of them with mild spermatogenic hypoplasia became a father. The spontaneous abortion rate in the spouses of respondents was 59%. Early ejaculation improved in 75% of the respondents. In conclusion, varicocelectomy does not improve sperm parameters in all men, but it improves pregnancy rate, early ejaculation, and scrotal pain. PMID:21060180

Shamsa, Ali; Nademi, M; Aqaee, M; Fard, A Nouraee; Molaei, Mahmood

2010-11-01

54

Efficacy of transabdominal ultrasound examination in the diagnosis of early pregnancy complications in an emergency department.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of ultrasound in an emergency department in the diagnosis of early pregnancy complications, the efficacy of a study protocol in identifying ectopic pregnancies, and the agreement on ultrasound findings among emergency department staff and gynaecologists. METHODS: All women presenting with early pregnancy complications had a transabdominal ultrasound scan performed by the attending doctor and checked by a senior doctor. The ultrasound findings were classified as normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP), probable abnormal pregnancy, definite ectopic pregnancy, no definite IUP, and other. Women with clinical and ultrasound findings compatible with threatened abortion were referred to a gynaecologist, or were admitted if findings suggested abnormal or ectopic pregnancy, or if a definite IUP could not be confirmed on ultrasound scan. For patients who were admitted or referred, a transvaginal ultrasound scan was performed by the attending gynaecologist. The findings of the gynaecologist were used as the gold standard. RESULTS: 151 cases were enrolled during a four month study period. Ultrasound findings in the emergency department included definite IUP in 95 (63%), probable abnormal IUP in 20 (13%), no definite IUP in 23 (21%), and other findings in four (3%). For evaluating the presence or absence of IUP, sensitivity of the initial scan was 82% (95% confidence interval 76% to 88%) and specificity 92% (88% to 96%). Agreement between junior and senior emergency department doctors on their ultrasound findings was 81% (75% to 87%) and between emergency department senior staff and gynecologists 85% (79% to 91%). The diagnoses made in the emergency department were thought to be compatible with the final assessments by gynaecologist in 72% (65% to 79%). Using either no definite IUP or other findings as a positive screening test for ectopic pregnancy, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 80% (74% to 86%), 78% (71% to 85%), 12% (7% to 17%), and 99% (97% to 100%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Transabdominal ultrasound performed in the emergency department is useful in screening for early pregnancy complications. Ectopic pregnancy should be suspected when no IUP is found on preliminary scanning.

Wong, T W; Lau, C C; Yeung, A; Lo, L; Tai, C M

1998-01-01

55

Risk of schizophrenia in adults born after obstetric complications and their association with early onset of illness: a controlled study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To determine whether obstetric complications occur to excess in the early histories of individuals who go on to develop schizophrenia when compared with controls, and to seek clinical correlates of any such excess. DESIGN--Contemporaneous maternity hospital records were identified and extracted verbatim, and these extracts evaluated for obstetric complications by two independent assessors who were blind to subjects' status. SUBJECTS--65 patients having an ICD-9 diagnosis of schizophrenia, the records of the previous same sex live birth being deemed to be those of a control subject. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Presence of one or more obstetric complications recorded in maternity notes of patients and controls. RESULTS--When two recognised scales for specifying obstetric complications were used the patients with schizophrenia were significantly more likely than controls to have experienced at least one obstetric complication (odds ratio 2.44, 95% confidence interval 1.08 to 6.03). Patients also showed a greater number and severity of and total score for obstetric complications, fetal distress being the only complication to occur to significant individual excess (present in five (8%) patients, absent in controls). There was a marked sex effect, male patients being more vulnerable (odds ratio 4.24, 1.39 to 12.90) to such complications. Obstetric complications in patients were unrelated to family history or season of birth but were associated with a significantly younger age at onset of illness (mean difference--4.5 years,--1.2 to--7.8 years). CONCLUSIONS--Patients with schizophrenia, particularly males, have an excess of obstetric complications in their early developmental histories, and such complications are associated with a younger age at onset of their disease. Though the data are not conclusive, they also suggest that obstetric complications may be secondary to yet earlier events.

O'Callaghan, E.; Gibson, T.; Colohan, H. A.; Buckley, P.; Walshe, D. G.; Larkin, C.; Waddington, J. L.

1992-01-01

56

Hypertensive phase and early complications after Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation with intraoperative subtenon triamcinolone acetonide  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate intraoperative subtenon triamcinolone acetonide (TA) as an adjunct to Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation. Design Retrospective comparative case series. Participants Forty-two consecutive cases of uncontrolled glaucoma undergoing AGV implantation: 19 eyes receiving intraoperative subtenon TA and 23 eyes that did not receive TA. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed on consecutive pseudophakic adult patients with uncontrolled glaucoma undergoing AGV with and without intraoperative subtenon TA injection by a single surgeon. Clinical data were collected from 42 eyes and analyzed for the first 6 months after surgery. Main outcome measures Primary outcomes included intraocular pressure (IOP) and number of glaucoma medications prior to and after AGV implantation. The hypertensive phase (HP) was defined as an IOP measurement of greater than 21 mmHg (with or without medications) during the 6-month postoperative period that was not a result of tube obstruction, retraction, or malfunction. Postoperative complications and visual acuity were analyzed as secondary outcome measures. Results Five out of 19 (26%) TA cases and 12 out of 23 (52%) non-TA cases developed the HP (P=0.027). Mean IOP (14.2±4.6 in TA cases versus [vs] 14.7±5.0 mmHg in non-TA cases; P=0.78), and number of glaucoma medications needed (1.8±1.3 in TA cases vs 1.6±1.1 in the comparison group; P=0.65) were similar between both groups at 6 months. Although rates of serious complications did not differ between the groups (13% in the TA group vs 16% in the non-TA group), early tube erosion (n=1) and bacterial endophthalmitis (n=1) were noted with TA but not in the non-TA group. Conclusions Subtenon TA injection during AGV implantation may decrease the occurrence of the HP but does not alter the ultimate IOP outcome and may pose increased risk of serious complications within the first 6 months of surgery.

Turalba, Angela V; Pasquale, Louis R

2014-01-01

57

Abdominal dermolipectomies: early postoperative complications and long-term unfavorable results.  

PubMed

A retrospective study was done on a population of 258 women who had undergone surgery for abdominal dermolipectomy between January of 1991 and May of 1996. The postoperative complications and flaws seen at long-term follow-up are discussed. The surgical techniques used, with or without lipoaspiration, were the infraumbilical plasty and full plasties with horizontal or inverted T scars. Six types of postoperative complications were noted: hemorrhage in 1.2 percent, lymphorrhea in 10.9 percent, infection in 7 percent, skin necrosis in 6.6 percent, secondary dehiscence of the scar in 2.3 percent, and thromboembolic accidents in 1.2 percent. No significant difference was found in the rate of necrosis development between patients who did and did not undergo lipoaspiration. However, a statistically significant difference was seen in the rate of skin necrosis between the T-type plasty (35.5 percent) and the other two procedures (1.43 percent for infraumbilical plasties and 4.60 percent for full plasties with horizontal scar). With regard to the flaws found at long-term follow-up, the rate of above-scar fat folds and/or dog-ears was 27.9 percent, and the rate of defective scars was 26 percent. No significant difference was found with regard to the rate of flaws. The rate of all secondary surgical procedures was 29.1 percent, but performance of secondary procedures depended on the willingness of the patient and on the surgeon's judgment. Abdominoplasty procedures involve a high risk of early complications. The rate of skin necrosis is clearly augmented in cases of T-type plasty. The need for secondary surgical correction is frequent, and the patient should be reminded of this possibility during preoperative consultation. PMID:11129195

Chaouat, M; Levan, P; Lalanne, B; Buisson, T; Nicolau, P; Mimoun, M

2000-12-01

58

Acute gastric remnant dilatation, a rare early complication of laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass.  

PubMed

Several thousands of laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass have been performed globally by a number of surgeons. There is growing evidence that mini-gastric bypass is a safe and effective procedure. We report a rare case of massive gastric remnant dilation in a 45-year-old man after laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass. Acute gastric dilatation is a surgical emergency. In our case, a triad of clinical suspicion, laboratory profile, and emergency radiologic investigation were essential for early diagnosis and management. Image-guided gastrostomy tube placement provides an effective decompression of the gastric remnant. A literature review revealed no previous reports of similar complications in mini-gastric bypass. PMID:24754886

Almulaifi, Abdullah M; Ser, Kong-Han; Lee, Wei-Jei

2014-05-01

59

Obstetric complications in early psychosis: relation with family history of psychosis.  

PubMed

The people classified as being at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis are expected to share many risk factors for psychosis with the patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, including an enhanced incidence of obstetric complications (OCs). This study set out to investigate the incidence and correlates of OCs in a sample of patients accessing an early intervention center. Patients' mothers were asked whether they had suffered from any somatic complication during pregnancy from a list of OCs with potential direct relevance to the physical wellbeing of the offspring. Out of 86 patients diagnosed with first-episode psychosis, 20 (23%) cases were positive for the occurrence of severe OCs, as reported by their mothers during an interview; out of 83 UHR patients, 21 (25%) cases were positive for OCs. OCs were more common in individuals with a family history of psychosis than in those without such a history. OCs might interact with genetic vulnerability to increase the risk of psychosis. Lack of comparison to healthy controls is a limitation that decreases the value of these findings. PMID:22868179

Preti, Antonio; Pisano, Alessia; Cascio, Maria Teresa; Monzani, Emiliano; Meneghelli, Anna; Cocchi, Angelo

2012-12-30

60

Early and late complications related to central venous catheters in hematological malignancies: a retrospective analysis of 1102 patients.  

PubMed

Several severe complications may be associated with the use of central venous catheters (CVC). We retrospectively evaluated on a large cohort of patients the incidence of CVC-related early and late complications. From 7/99 to 12/2005, 1102 CVC have been implanted at our Institution in 881 patients with hematological malignancies (142,202 total day number of implanted CVC). Early mechanic complications were 79 (7.2% - 0.55/1,000 days/CVC). Thirty-nine episodes of early infective complications (<1 week from CVC implant) occurred (3.5% - 0.3/1000 days/CVC): furthermore, 187 episodes of CVC-related sepsis (17% - 1.3/1000 days/CVC) were recorded. There were 29 episodes (2.6%) of symptomatic CVC-related thrombotic complications, with a median interval from CVC implant of 60 days (range 7 - 395). The rate of CVC withdrawal due to CVC-related complications was 26%. The incidence of CVC-related complications in our series is in the range reported in the literature notwithstanding cytopenia often coexisting in hematological patients. PMID:24678388

Morano, Salvatore Giacomo; Coppola, Lorenzo; Latagliata, Roberto; Berneschi, Paola; Chistolini, Antonio; Micozzi, Alessandra; Girmenia, Corrado; Breccia, Massimo; Brunetti, Gregorio; Massaro, Fulvio; Rosa, Giovanni; Guerrisi, Pietro; Mandelli, Franco; Foŕ, Roberto; Alimena, Giuliana

2014-01-01

61

[The role of intensive care medicine in early postoperative complications. Is surgical expertise in danger?].  

PubMed

Intensive care medicine is the backbone of surgery. We describe a profile of parameters which has to be repeatedly evaluated to allow early detection of postoperative complications. Complex surgical diseases are analyzed to underscore that only a surgeon experienced in intensive care medicine is able to interpret abnormalities in correlation with the intra-operative findings resulting in appropriate decisions with respect to diagnostic measures and reintervention. An increasing lack of motivation compromises the necessary training of young surgeons. Work hour limits already prolong education in the operative core competence thus making residents decline a necessary extension of ICU training beyond the compulsory 6 months. Identification of young surgeons with intensive care medicine is further hampered by the establishment of interdisciplinary operative ICUs excluding surgeons from the leadership. Our current survey of 38 university departments of general and gastro-intestinal surgery in Germany shows that a cooperative ICU steering structure of anesthesiologists and surgeons exists in only 19%. The imminent deficit of training in surgical intensive care medicine can only be counteracted by equal leadership structures. PMID:19707724

Klar, E; Püschel, A; Schiffmann, L; Pertschy, A

2009-09-01

62

Early Troponin T and Prediction of Potentially Correctable In-Hospital Complications after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery  

PubMed Central

Background Peak levels of troponin T (TnT) reliably predict morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. However, the therapeutic window to manage CABG-related in-hospital complications may close before the peak is reached. We investigated whether early TnT levels correlate as well with complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Methods A 12 month consecutive series of patients undergoing elective isolated CABG procedures (mini-extra-corporeal circuit, Cardioplegic arrest) was analyzed. Logistic regression modeling was used to investigate whether TnT levels 6 to 8 hours after surgery were independently associated with in-hospital complications (either post-operative myocardial infarction, stroke, new-onset renal insufficiency, intensive care unit (ICU) readmission, prolonged ICU stay (>48 hours), prolonged need for vasopressors (>24 hours), resuscitation or death). Results A total of 290 patients, including 36 patients with complications, was analyzed. Early TnT levels (odds ratio (OR): 6.8, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.2-21.4, P=.001), logistic EuroSCORE (OR: 1.2, 95%CI: 1.0-1.3, P=.007) and the need for vasopressors during the first 6 postoperative hours (OR: 2.7, 95%CI: 1.0-7.1, P=.05) were independently associated with the risk of complications. With consideration of vasopressor use during the first 6 postoperative hours, the sum of specificity (0.958) and sensitivity (0.417) of TnT for subsequent complications was highest at a TnT cut-off value of 0.8 ng/mL. Conclusion Early TnT levels may be useful to guide ICU management of CABG patients. They predict clinically relevant complications within a potential therapeutic window, particularly in patients requiring vasopressors during the first postoperative hours, although with only moderate sensitivity.

Gober, Volkhard; Hohl, Andreas; Gahl, Brigitta; Dick, Florian; Eigenmann, Verena; Carrel, Thierry P.; Tevaearai, Hendrik T.

2013-01-01

63

Identification of early complications following pancreas and renal transplantation using contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) - first results.  

PubMed

AIM: Identification of acute and subacute complications following pancreas and renal transplantation using contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in comparison with Magnetic Resonance Tomography (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) or Ultrasound (US). The study evaluated whether CEUS could confirm the preliminary diagnosis or even provide additional information, relevant for the therapeutic strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of 19 patients (13 male, 6 female, age 26-77 years, mean 53.2 years) following renal transplantation and 10 patients (4 male, 6 female, age 35-56 years, mean 45.7 years) following combined pancreas and renal transplantation. CEUS was used as an additional diagnostic method when obscure diagnostic findings occurred in US, CT, MRI or DSA. Fundamental B-scan, Color Coded Doppler Sonography (CCDS) and CEUS were performed in all patients by an experienced examiner using a multifrequency convex transducer (1-5 MHz). After a bolus injection of up to 2.4 ml SonoVue® [BRACCO, Italy] digital raw data was stored as cine-loops up to 5 minutes in length. RESULTS: In all patients, the pathological features and suspected diagnostic findings identified in the other imaging modalities could be confirmed using CEUS (100%). In 25 out of 29 patients (86.2%), new clinically relevant findings were detected. In 27 patients, the diagnosis of CEUS was confirmed during surgery (7), DSA (5), follow-up CEUS (13), CT (1) and MRI (1). In 4 patients renal AV-fistulas were found following biopsy, 3 patients showed post-operative allograft arterial stenosis or dissection, 1 patient demonstrated a stenosis of the common iliac artery and 2 patients were diagnosed with post-operative allograft venous thrombosis or stenosis. In 2 patients, a definite diagnosis of a benign lesion following renal transplantation was possible. In 1 patient a malignant lesion was suspected and confirmed following surgery. In 6 patients, normal perfusion of the pancreas and renal parenchyma and the corresponding vessels was diagnosed, in 5 patients the parenchymal perfusion was diminished and 1 patient suffered from pancreatitis. CONCLUSION: These first results show that CEUS can provide additional, clinically relevant informations in patients with acute and subacute complications following pancreas and renal transplantation. Thus, an early application within the diagnostic course seems favorable. PMID:23380964

Rennert, Janine; Farkas, Stefan; Georgieva, Martina; Loss, Martin; Dornia, Christian; Jung, Wolfgang; Stroszczynski, Christian; Jung, Ernst-Michael

2013-02-01

64

Early and late residual renal function and surgical complications in living donors: a 15-year experience at a single institution.  

PubMed

Living donation in the field of renal transplantation has increased over time as well as the use of laparoscopic nephrectomy. We present a 15-year experience on 162 living donors (105 women, 57 men; mean age, 46.7 years; range, 31-74 years) who underwent nephrectomy using different surgical approaches as open lombotomic nephrectomy (OLN), open transperitoneal nephrectomy (OTN), and laparoscopic hand-assisted nephrectomy (LHAN). We collected data on residual donor and recipient renal function, as well as early versus late medical and surgical complications. With a mean follow-up of about 8 years, we observed normal residual renal function in all donors and similar results of early and late graft function independent of the surgical procedure. Long-term incidence of hypertension and noninsulin-dependent diabetes in living donors was similar to the general population. OLN and OTN donors showed higher incidences of early and late complications, readmissions, and reoperations than LHAN donors. Our results confirmed that living donor nephrectomy is a safe procedure without serious side effects in terms of renal function and long-term quality of life. LHAN should be the preferred technique because of a lower incidence of early and late complications. PMID:16757241

Sansalone, C V; Maione, G; Aseni, P; Rossetti, O; Mangoni, I; Soldano, S; De Roberto, A; Minetti, M E; Perrino, M L; Civati, G

2006-05-01

65

Early precut sphincterotomy and the risk of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography related complications: An updated meta-analysis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To study the cannulation and complication rates of early pre-cut sphincterotomy vs persistent attempts at cannulation by standard approach. METHODS: Systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for relevant studies published up to February 2013. The main outcome measurements were cannulation rates and post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) complications. A comprehensive systematic search of the Cochrane library, PubMed, Google scholar, Scopus, National Institutes of Health, meta-register of controlled trials and published proceedings from major Gastroenterology journals and meetings until February 2013 was conducted using keywords. All Prospective randomized controlled trials (RCT) studies which met our inclusion criteria were included in the analysis. Prospective non-randomized studies and retrospective studies were excluded from our meta-analysis. The main outcomes of interest were post-ERCP pancreatitis, overall complication rates including cholangitis, ERCP-related bleeding, perforation and cannulation success rates. RESULTS: Seven RCTs with a total of 1039 patients were included in the meta-analysis based on selection criteria. The overall cannulation rate was 90% in the pre-cut sphincterotomy vs 86.3% in the persistent attempts group (OR = 1.98; 95%CI: 0.70-5.65). The risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) was not different between the two groups (3.9% in the pre-cut sphincterotomy vs 6.1% in the persistent attempts group, OR = 0.58, 95%CI: 0.32-1.05). Similarly, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups for overall complication rate including PEP, cholangitis, bleeding, and perforation (6.2% vs 6.9%, OR = 0.85, 95%CI: 0.51-1.41). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that pre-cut sphincterotomy and persistent attempts at cannulation are comparable in terms of overall complication rates. Early pre-cut implementation does not increase PEP complications.

Navaneethan, Udayakumar; Konjeti, Rajesh; Venkatesh, Preethi GK; Sanaka, Madhusudhan R; Parsi, Mansour A

2014-01-01

66

Early enteral feeding, compared with parenteral, reduces postoperative septic complications. The results of a meta-analysis.  

PubMed Central

This two-part meta-analysis combined data from eight prospective randomized trials designed to compare the nutritional efficacy of early enteral (TEN) and parenteral (TPN) nutrition in high-risk surgical patients. The combined data gave sufficient patient numbers (TEN, n = 118; TPN, n = 112) to adequately address whether route of substrate delivery affected septic complication incidence. Phase I (dropouts excluded) meta-analysis confirmed data homogeneity across study sites, that TEN and TPN groups were comparable, and that significantly fewer TEN patients experienced septic complications (TEN, 18%; TPN, 35%; p = 0.01). Phase II meta-analysis, an intent-to-treat analysis (dropouts included), confirmed that fewer TEN patients developed septic complications. Further breakdown by patient type showed that all trauma and blunt trauma subgroups had the most significant reduction in septic complications when fed enterally. In conclusion, this meta-analysis attests to the feasibility of early postoperative TEN in high-risk surgical patients and that these patients have reduced septic morbidity rates compared with those administered TPN.

Moore, F A; Feliciano, D V; Andrassy, R J; McArdle, A H; Booth, F V; Morgenstein-Wagner, T B; Kellum, J M; Welling, R E; Moore, E E

1992-01-01

67

Early postoperative complications of pediatric liver transplantation: experience at one center.  

PubMed

To evaluate the postoperative complications within the first month among 20 pediatric liver transplant recipients between April 1990 and March 2003 we retrospectively studied their medical charts to gather demographic data; primary diagnosis; operative duration; perioperative transfusions; time to extubation; length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay; mortality; perioperative laboratory values; and postoperative complications including respiratory, infections, renal, neurological, cardiovascular, and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) complications. Ten male and ten female patients of mean age 8 +/- 4 years had a mean operative duration, time to extubation, and length of stay in the ICU of 12.1 +/- 2.3 hours, 11.1 +/- 15.0 hours, and 7.2 +/- 5.5 days, respectively. The most frequent postoperative complication was respiratory (n = 14, 70%), followed by infections (n = 13, 65%), renal (n = 8, 40%), neurological (n = 7, 35%), cardiovascular (n = 4, 20%), and GIT (n = 4, 20%) infections. The overall mortality rate was 25% (n = 5). Compared with patients who survived, those who died displayed significantly lower perioperative platelet counts (P <.05), as well as a significantly higher incidence of postoperative neurological disorders (P =.031), and cardiovascular complications (P =.032). PMID:15013350

Araz, C; Pirat, A; Torgay, A; Zeyneloglu, P; Arslan, G

2004-01-01

68

Chylothorax complicating esophagectomy for cancer: A plea for early thoracic duct ligation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Postoperative chylothorax remains an uncommon but potentially life-threatening complication of esophagectomy for cancer, and the ideal management is still controversial. The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of patients treated nonoperatively with those of patients promptly undergoing reoperation. Methods: From 1980 to 1998, 1787 esophagectomies for esophageal or cardia cancer were performed, and 19 (1.1%) patients

Stefano Merigliano; Daniela Molena; Alberto Ruol; Giovanni Zaninotto; Matteo Cagol; Sabrina Scappin; Ermanno Ancona

2000-01-01

69

Audit of Early Bladder Management Complications after Spinal Cord Injury in First–Treating Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The incidence of spinal cord injury is on the increase. It has been observed since World War II that proper initial management of the paralyzed bladder is a key factor in the prevention of complications of the urinary tract and renal function.Methods: All traumatic spinal cord–injured patients admitted to the Thuringian Spinal Cord Rehabilitation Center, Sülzhayn, Germany, between January

Heiko Wunderlich; Fadel Derry; Sigurd Schröder; Jörg Schubert

2000-01-01

70

Interleukin–8 Serum Levels at Fever Onset in Patients with Neutropenia Predict Early Medical Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Previous studies have shown that interleukin-8 serum levels in febrile neutropenic patients are significantly higher in patients with gram-negative bacteremia than in patients with other causes of fever and may indicate unfavorable outcomes. We assessed the value of interleukin-8 serum levels at fever onset to predict clinical complications in order to confirm these earlier findings. Patients and Methods: In

A. Engel; Stefanie Knoll; P. Kern; W. V. Kern

2005-01-01

71

Medical Complications of the Critically Ill Newborn: A Review for Early Intervention Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides early-intervention professionals with a basic familiarity and understanding of some of the newest technologies employed in the neonatal intensive care units for neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, persistent fetal circulation, retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage, and periventricular leukomalacia. Early

McNab, Theresa C.; Blackman, James A.

1998-01-01

72

Intestinal Damage Determines the Inflammatory Response and Early Complications in Patients Receiving Conditioning for a Stem Cell Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Background Stem cell transplantation (SCT) is still complicated by the occurrence of fever and inflammatory complications attributed to neutropenia and subsequent infectious complications. The role of mucosal barrier injury (MBI) of the intestinal tract therein has received little attention. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis in 163 SCT recipients of which data had been collected prospectively on intestinal damage (citrulline), inflammation (C-reactive protein), and neutrophil count. Six different conditioning regimens were studied; 5 myeloablative (MA) and 1 non-myeloablative (NMA). Linear mixed model multivariate and AUC analyses were used to define the role of intestinal damage in post-SCT inflammation. We also studied the relationship between the degree of intestinal damage and the occurrence of early post-SCT complications. Results In the 5 MA regimen there was a striking pattern of inflammatory response that coincided with the occurrence of severe intestinal damage. This contrasted with a modest inflammatory response seen in the NMA regimen in which intestinal damage was limited. With linear mixed model analysis the degree of intestinal damage was shown the most important determinant of the inflammatory response, and both neutropenia and bacteremia had only a minor impact. AUC analysis revealed a strong correlation between citrulline and CRP (Pearson correlation r?=?0.96). Intestinal damage was associated with the occurrence of bacteremia and acute lung injury, and influenced the kinetics of acute graft-versus-host disease. Conclusion The degree of intestinal damage after myeloablative conditioning appeared to be the most important determined the inflammatory response following SCT, and was associated with inflammatory complications. Studies should explore ways to ameliorate cytotoxic therapy-induced intestinal damage in order to reduce complications associated with myeloablative conditioning therapy.

van der Velden, Walter J. F. M.; Herbers, Alexandra H. E.; Feuth, Ton; Schaap, Nicolaas P. M.; Donnelly, J. Peter; Blijlevens, Nicole M. A.

2010-01-01

73

Surgical complications requiring early relaparotomy after pancreas transplantation: a multivariate risk factor and economic impact analysis of the cyclosporine era.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To study significant surgical complications requiring early (< or = 3 months posttransplant) relaparotomy (relap) after pancreas transplants, and to develop clinically relevant surgical and peritransplant decision-making guidelines for preventing and managing such complications. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Pancreas grafts are still associated with the highest surgical complication rate of all routinely transplanted solid organs. However, the impact of surgical complications on morbidity, hospital costs, and graft and patient survival rates has not been analyzed in detail to date. METHODS: We retrospectively studied surgical complications requiring relap in 441 consecutive cadaver, bladder-drained pancreas transplants (54% simultaneous pancreas and kidney [SPK]; 22% pancreas after kidney [PAK]; 24% pancreas transplant alone [PTA]; 37% retransplant). Outcome and hospital charges were analyzed separately for recipients with versus without reoperation. RESULTS: The overall relap rate was 32% (SPK, 36%; PAK, 25%; PTA, 16%; p = 0.04). The most common causes were intraabdominal infection and graft pancreatitis (38%), pancreas graft thrombosis (27%), and anastomotic leak (15%). Perioperative relap mortality was 9%; transplant pancreatectomy was necessary in 57% of all recipients with one or more relaps. The pancreas graft was lost in 80% of recipients with versus 41% without relap (p < 0.0001). Patient survival rates were significantly lower (p < 0.05) for recipients with versus without relap. By multivariate analysis, significant risk factors for graft loss included older donor age (SPK, PAK), retransplant (PAK), relap for infection (SPK, PAK), and relap for leak or bleeding (PAK). For death, risk factors included older recipient age (SPK, PAK),retransplant (SPK, PAK), relap for thrombosis (PAK), relap for infection or leak (SPK), and relap for bleeding (PTA). CONCLUSIONS: Posttransplant surgical complications requiring relap were frequent, resulted in a high rate of pancreas (SPK, PAK, PTA) and kidney (SPK, PAK) graft loss, and had a major economic impact (p = 0.0001). Complications were associated with substantial perioperative mortality and decreased patient survival rates. The focus must therefore shift from graft salvage to preservation of the recipient's life once a pancreas graft-related complication requiring relap occurs. Thus, the threshold for pancreatectomy should be low. In this context, acceptance of older donors and recipients must be reconsidered.

Troppmann, C; Gruessner, A C; Dunn, D L; Sutherland, D E; Gruessner, R W

1998-01-01

74

Renal transplantation: technical aspects, diagnosis and management of early and late urological complications.  

PubMed

Renal transplantation represents actually the most effective therapy in patients with end-stage renal failure as it is cost effective, allows for a normal life style and reduces the risk of mortality from dialysis related complications. Renal transplantation can be classified in deceased- donor or living-donor transplantation, depending on the source of the donor organ. The short-term results of transplants with kidneys from donors over 65 years old are almost similar to those with younger organs, but in these patients it is mandatory to reduce cold ischemia time. In the last years, the demand for kidney transplantation has increased dramatically, which has been associated with an increase in living-donor organ procurement, which presents several advantages. Moreover, new operative techniques have been recently developed in order to improve surgical outcomes and graft survival and to reduce the complications' rate after renal transplantation. The purpose of the present review is to evaluate the published literature regarding the technical aspects and the urological complications associated with renal transplantation. PMID:24637470

Greco, F; Fornara, P; Mirone, V

2014-03-01

75

[Non-puerperal mastitis. Clinical study of 30 patients].  

PubMed

Non puerperal mastitis is an inflammatory disease that resembles carcinoma, the course is insidious and frequently this entity is misdiagnosed. The recurrence has been reported until 60%. This report is a prospective clinical investigation, of 30 patients with diagnosis of periductal mastitis, in these women were analyzed; age, marital stage, deliveries, breast feeding symptoms like tumour, inflammatory signs, mammary ductal fistula, mamography, cytology, bacteriology, histopathology, medical and surgical treatment. The middle age was 36 years old, 70% between 30 and 50 years old, 26 patients were multiparous, breast feeding were mentioned for 20 women. The tumor was palpable 70% of the cases, localized preferentially in the retroareolar segment, inflammatory changes were observed in 25 cases, 19 patients with fistula. The cytology was negative in 13 cases. In the bacterial culture were isolated, Staphylococcus aureus in 7 cases, Proteus vulgaris in 2 cases and seven cases resulted negative. Mamographic exams were realized in 23 patients; one case resulted adenocarcinoma. The medical treatment were with Eritromycin and Metronidazol and then, ducts resection surgery were performed in 16 cases, one case with adenocarcinoma was performed a modified radical mastectomy. The results were satisfactory 22 women improved, 6 cases with recurrence and two cases with spontaneous improvement. PMID:7642146

Paredes López, A; Moreno, G

1995-06-01

76

Medical and surgical management after spinal cord injury: vasopressor usage, early surgerys, and complications.  

PubMed

The optimal mean arterial blood pressure for maintenance of spinal cord perfusion is not known. Our aim was to describe vasopressor usage and examine their effects in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). We undertook a retrospective cohort study of 131 patients with SCI who received any kind of vasopressors to maintain blood pressure in the neurocritical care unit of a Level 1 trauma center (2005-2011). Vasopressor usage and complications were obtained from the medical record. Neurological outcomes were evaluated by the American Spinal Injury Association score. Dopamine was the most commonly used vasopressor (48.0%), followed by phenylephrine (45.0%), norepinephrine (5.0%), epinephrine (1.5%), and vasopressin (0.5%). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that complications (e.g., ventricular tachycardia, troponin elevation, atrial fibrillation, heart rate >130 or <50, etc.) due to vasopressors were independently associated with the overall usages of dopamine (odds ratio [OR] 8.97; p<0.001) and phenylephrine (OR, 5.92; p=0.004), age ?60 years old (OR, 5.16; p=0.013), and complete SCI (OR, 3.23; p=0.028). There was no difference in neurological improvement with either dopamine (OR, 1.16; p=0.788) or phenylephrine (OR 0.96; p=0.940). Incomplete SCI (OR, 2.64; p=0.019) and surgery <24?h after SCI (OR, 4.25; p=0.025) were independently associated with improved outcome. In summary, vasopressors are associated with increased complications in SCI patients. Further prospective studies are required in order to determine the potential benefits and risks of blood pressure management in patients with SCI. PMID:24020382

Inoue, Tomoo; Manley, Geoffrey T; Patel, Nihari; Whetstone, William D

2014-02-01

77

Proper care of early wounds to optimize healing and prevent complications.  

PubMed

Proper wound care has broad applications for all clinicians. Much of the future direction for enhancing wound repair focuses on key cells and growth factors, which is why possessing a strong understanding of the basic physiology of wound healing is imperative. This article first provides a thorough review of the phases of wound healing followed by a discussion on the latest wound management strategies. Wound conditions and surgical techniques are important components for optimizing wound healing and preventing complications. Special consideration has been given to the unique settings of contaminated wounds, open wounds, or avulsed tissue. PMID:21856537

Pitzer, Geoffrey B; Patel, Krishna G

2011-08-01

78

Under the shadow of maternity: birth, death and puerperal insanity in Victorian Britain.  

PubMed

Death and fear of death in cases of puerperal insanity can be linked to a much broader set of anxieties surrounding childbirth in Victorian Britain. Compared with other forms of mental affliction, puerperal insanity was known for its good prognosis, with many women recovering over the course of several months. Even so, a significant number of deaths were associated with the disorder, and a large proportion of sufferers struggled with urges to destroy their infants and themselves. The disorder evoked powerful delusions concerning death, with patients expressing intimations of mortality and longing for death. PMID:22701929

Marland, Hilary

2012-03-01

79

Cosmetic results and complications after breast conserving therapy for early breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The cosmetic and functional results of breast conserving therapy for early breast cancer were evaluated. These are important\\u000a endpoints in the assessment of breast conserving therapy in addition to tumor control and survival. The factors suspected\\u000a to influence cosmesis were also analyzed.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  In 206 patients with stage I and II breast cancer treated by wide excision and axillary dissection followed

Satsuki Fujishiro; Michihide Mitsumori; Masaki Kokubo; Yasushi Nagata; Keisuke Sasai; Keiichi Mise; Hiroshi Kodama; Masahiro Hiroka

2000-01-01

80

Hippocampal damage and memory impairments as possible early brain complications of type 2 diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims\\/hypothesis  There is evidence that type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with cognitive impairment. Most studies investigating this association\\u000a have evaluated elderly individuals, after many years of diabetes, who generally have poor glycaemic control and significant\\u000a vascular disease. The aim of the current study was to investigate the early cognitive consequences and associated brain correlates\\u000a of type 2 diabetes.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and

S. M. Gold; I. Dziobek; V. Sweat; A. Tirsi; K. Rogers; H. Bruehl; W. Tsui; S. Richardson; E. Javier; A. Convit

2007-01-01

81

A rare case of tertiary syphilis complicated with aortic aneurysm in this era of early use of highly effective antibiotics  

PubMed Central

This 35-year-old man presented with history of hemoptysis and breathlessness on exertion of 3 months duration. Examination revealed feeble left radial, brachial and carotid pulses. Chest radiograph showed a superior mediastinal mass and contrast enhanced computed tomography chest showed a large aortic arch with mass and compression effects. Endosonographic examination was suggestive of aortic aneurysm. During further evaluation, serum Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test was found to be positive in titers of 1:32. Treponema pallidum hemagglutination test was performed and showed positive titers of 1:64. Neurosyphilis was ruled out by normal cerebrospinal fluid examination findings. Patient was treated with injectable benzathine penicillin and aortic aneurysm repair was planned. The authors present a rare case of tertiary syphilis complicated with aortic aneurysm in this era of early use of highly effective antibiotics.

Vasudevan, Biju; Verma, Rajesh; Pragasam, Vijendran; Nema, Shekar

2014-01-01

82

Enzymuria and low molecular weight protein excretion as the differentiating marker of complications in the early post kidney transplantation period.  

PubMed

Renal function in the early post-transplantation period depends largely on factors affecting the kidney prior to implantation. Function of the graft may be also disturbed by the most common complications of the early post-operative period such as acute graft rejection (AGR), acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and may be modified by nephrotoxic action of cyclosporine A (CsA). Evaluation of excretion of enzymes and low molecular weight proteins (LMWP) may help in the differentiation of these complications. Aim Comparison of the urinary excretion of markers of tubular injury in patients with AGR, ATN, or patients with stable graft function (SGF) was made and differences between groups and correlations between markers and cold ischemia time (CIT), warm ischemia time (WIT) and blood trough level of cyclosporine A (CsA0) were determined. Material and methods In 60 cadaveric renal allograft recipients in the early post-transplantation period urinary excretion of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and B isoenzyme (NAG-B), alanylaminopeptidase (AAP), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alpha and pi isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (alpha-GST, pi-GST), retinol binding protein (RBP) and beta2- microglobulin (beta2M), were analyzed. Results NAG and NAB-B activities were higher in ATN (P<0.05, P<0.01) and in AGR (P<0.005, P<0.02) than in SGF. Excretion of pi-GST was higher in AGR than in SGF (P<0.0002) or ATN (P<0.007). CIT and WIT in patients with ATN were higher (P<0.05) than in SGF group. In ATN patients, correlations of CIT with RBP (P<0.05) and pi-GST (P<0.05), and WIT with RBP (P<0.05), and pi-GST (P<0.001) were found. Conclusions High urinary NAG and NAG B excretion characterizes ATN and AGR patients. Evaluating urinary excretion of pi-GST may be helpful in differentiating AGR from ATN. However, taking into account ischemia time is necessary in interpreting the pi-GST value in early post transplant period. PMID:17160449

Ku?niar, Jakub; Marchewka, Z; Krasnowski, R; Boraty?ska, M; D?ugosz, A; Klinger, M

2006-01-01

83

Observational study on the efficacy of the supplementation with a preparation with several minerals and vitamins in improving mood and behaviour of healthy puerperal women.  

PubMed

We investigated whether a formulation containing vitamins and minerals (vit&min) could improve the worsening of mood changes occurring after delivery ("a.d."). The study was performed in 552 healthy non-anaemic puerperal women ("p.w") without risk factors for puerperal depression ("p.d"). They were at their first full-term pregnancy, and spontaneously delivered healthy newborns. The Edinburgh Depression Postnatal scale (EPDS) evaluates the psychological status of "p.w". EPDS was administered the 3rd (visit 1), 15th (visit 2) and 30th (visit 3) day "a.d.". An EPDS >12 indicates a major susceptibility to "p.d". At the same time intervals, haemoglobin, iron and ferritin (haematological parameters) levels were evaluated. After visit 1, the subjects were randomized to vit&min treatment (group A; N.274) or to calcium/vitamin D3 treatment (group B; N.278). In both groups haematological parameters significantly increased without differences between the groups. EPDS score improved in both groups, but in the group A, the EPDS decrease was significantly larger (p < 0.05) in comparison to the group B. This effect is mainly evident in subjects with a basal EPDS ? 12. An early examination of psychological condition could select "p.w." with a high susceptibility to neuronal changes occurring postpartum. Vit&min favourably modulates brain functions antagonizing the evolution to "p.d". PMID:23782001

Paoletti, Anna Maria; Orrů, Marisa Margherita; Marotto, Maria Francesca; Pilloni, Monica; Zedda, Pierina; Fais, Maria Francesca; Piras, Bruno; Piano, Camilla; Pala, Silvia; Lello, Stefano; Coghe, Ferdinando; Sorge, Roberto; Melis, Gian Benedetto

2013-08-01

84

A comparison between early maternal and neonatal complications of restrictive episiotomy and routine episiotomy in primiparous vaginal delivery  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Routine episiotomy is a controversial issue among gynecologists. The aim of this study was to compare early maternal and neonatal complications of restrictive episiotomy and routine episiotomy in primiparus vaginal delivery. METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, two groups of primiparus normal vaginal delivery (NVD) cases with routine and restrictive episiotomy were studied. Immediately and in the first 24 and 48 hours after delivery, specific charts were used to compare the two groups in terms of perineal laceration size, neonatal Apgar score and post-delivery. For data analysis, SPSS was used to conduct student t-test and Kruskal-Wallis test. A p-value < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Forty primiparus pregnant women were studied in each group. Episiotomy was performed in 7.5% of the restrictive group. Perineal laceration was measured as 3.68 ± 0.47 cm and 1.21 ± 1.1 in routine and restrictive episiotomy groups, respectively (p < 0.05). Intact perineum or first-degree laceration was seen in 80% of the restrictive group. However, second- and third-degree laceration were respectively observed in 75% and 15% of the routine episiotomy group (p < 0.05). Pain relief (immediately, 24 and 48 hours after delivery) was significantly higher in the restrictive group (p < 0.05). On the contrary, no significant difference in Apgar scores at the first and fifth minutes after birth was found between the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Restrictive episiotomy results in low maternal complications. Therefore, avoiding routine episiotomy in unnecessary conditions would increase the rate of intact perineal and minor perineal trauma and reduce postpartum delivery pain with no adverse effects neither on maternal nor neonatal morbidities.

Shahraki, Azar Danesh; Aram, Shahnaz; Pourkabirian, Soodabeh; Khodaee, Sepideh; Choupannejad, Shekofeh

2011-01-01

85

Dose-Volume Histogram Predictors of Chronic Gastrointestinal Complications After Radical Hysterectomy and Postoperative Concurrent Nedaplatin-Based Chemoradiation Therapy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate dose-volume histogram (DVH) predictors for the development of chronic gastrointestinal (GI) complications in cervical cancer patients who underwent radical hysterectomy and postoperative concurrent nedaplatin-based chemoradiation therapy. Methods and Materials: This study analyzed 97 patients who underwent postoperative concurrent chemoradiation therapy. The organs at risk that were contoured were the small bowel loops, large bowel loop, and peritoneal cavity. DVH parameters subjected to analysis included the volumes of these organs receiving more than 15, 30, 40, and 45 Gy (V15-V45) and their mean dose. Associations between DVH parameters or clinical factors and the incidence of grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications were evaluated. Results: Of the clinical factors, smoking and low body mass index (BMI) (<22) were significantly associated with grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications. Also, patients with chronic GI complications had significantly greater V15-V45 volumes and higher mean dose of the small bowel loops compared with those without GI complications. In contrast, no parameters for the large bowel loop or peritoneal cavity were significantly associated with GI complications. Results of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis led to the conclusion that V15-V45 of the small bowel loops has high accuracy for prediction of GI complications. Among these parameters, V40 gave the highest area under the ROC curve. Finally, multivariate analysis was performed with V40 of the small bowel loops and 2 other clinical parameters that were judged to be potential risk factors for chronic GI complications: BMI and smoking. Of these 3 parameters, V40 of the small bowel loops and smoking emerged as independent predictors of chronic GI complications. Conclusions: DVH parameters of the small bowel loops may serve as predictors of grade 2 or higher chronic GI complications after postoperative concurrent nedaplatin-based chemoradiation therapy for early-stage cervical cancer.

Isohashi, Fumiaki, E-mail: isohashi@radonc.med.osaka-u.ac.jp [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Yoshioka, Yasuo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Mabuchi, Seiji [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Konishi, Koji [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Koizumi, Masahiko; Takahashi, Yutaka; Ogata, Toshiyuki [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Division of Medical Physics, Oncology Center, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Maruoka, Shintaroh [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Kimura, Tadashi [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Ogawa, Kazuhiko [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka University Hospital, Suita, Osaka (Japan)

2013-03-01

86

Puerperal Thromboembolism in Relation to the Inhibition of Lactation by Oestrogen Therapy  

PubMed Central

An analysis was made of 111 consecutive cases of puerperal thromboembolism by the age, parity, mode of delivery, and lactation habit of the women concerned, and the findings were compared with those from control groups. The statistics show that inhibition of lactation by means of ethinyloestradiol is associated with a threefold increase in thromboembolism, although the effect is seen mainly in women who have an operative delivery and who are aged more than 25 years. Among women aged more than 35 years who have an assisted delivery, inhibition of lactation is accompanied by a tenfold increase in the incidence of puerperal thromboembolism. Advancing age and operative intervention (especially caesarean section) are in themselves predisposing causes of deep venous thrombosis and embolism. They can also constitute indications for inhibiting lactation. This makes it difficult to assess whether the relation of thromboembolism to inhibition of lactation or to the administration of oestrogen is real or apparent. Doubts on the interpretation of the findings are raised by the fact that the number of fatal cases of puerperal thromboembolism in England and Wales, and of non-fatal cases in the hospitals under review, has not increased in recent years despite a progressive decrease in breast-feeding. Nevertheless, the evidence suggests that although the administration of ethinyloestradiol is not by itself enough to cause puerperal thromboembolism, it may be a factor which can tip the scales in women who are already predisposed to suffer this condition. Any thromboembolic hazard associated with administration of oestrogens for inhibiting lactation is probably acceptable except in women known to be at special risk by reason of age, operative delivery, obesity, and a past history of thromboembolic episodes.

Jeffcoate, T. N. A.; Miller, Janine; Roos, R. F.; Tindall, V. R.

1968-01-01

87

A lactating woman presenting with puerperal pneumococcal mastitis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Streptococcus pneumoniae is an uncommon etiologic agent in soft-tissue infections. Case presentation We report the case of a 35-year-old Caucasian woman who presented to our facility with puerperal pneumococcal mastitis, and review the only other three cases of pneumococcal mastitis described in the medical literature. Conclusions The roles of the various pneumococcal vaccines in preventing this disease are discussed.

2013-01-01

88

Pulmonary Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a After hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), up to 60% of patients develop pulmonary complications. In spite of antibacterial,\\u000a antiviral, and antifungal prophylaxis, reduced host defenses render the HSCT patient vulnerable to pulmonary and other infections\\u000a in the early weeks and even months post-transplantation. This chapter will suggest an integrative approach followed by a description\\u000a of the most common pulmonary syndromes

Tarek Eid; Alan F. Barker

89

Early surgical repair of an acute post-infarction left ventricular pseudoaneurysm complicated by second pseudoaneurysm formation.  

PubMed

We present a case of an acute myocardial infarction complicated by an acute left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LVPA). Surgical correction in the subacute phase was complicated by development of a second larger LVPA due to tearing of the sutures of the first surgical repair. Our case demonstrates the difficult decision-making regarding the timing of surgical intervention, which remains a debatable issue. The literature on diagnostics, prognosis and treatment of the LVPA is also discussed. PMID:23393945

Wolf, Michael; Vermeersch, Paul; Van Reet, Bert; Van den Branden, Frank L J

2012-12-01

90

Severe intraoperative complications during VATS Lobectomy compared with thoracotomy lobectomy for early stage non-small cell lung cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has been proved to have shorter hospital stay, less perioperative complications and less pain compared with lobectomy by thoracotomy, but severe intraoperative complications during VATS lobectomy is rare reported. We compared intraoperative safety between VATS lobectomy and lobectomy by thoracotomy. Methods 659 patients with postoperative stage I and IIa non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent lobectomy in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from February 2008 to June 2012 were analyzed retrospectively, in which 277 were performed by thoracotomy, 357 performed by VATS, and 25 performed by VATS converted to open. Outcomes were analyzed to compare the incidence of significant bleeding, with conversion cases were included into VATS group. Results Ten severe intraoperative complications were identified in 10 patients (6 in VATS, 4 in open), with no intraoperative deaths. The incidence of severe intraoperative complications was similar between VATS group and thoracotomy group [1.57% (6/382) vs. 1.44% (4/277), P=1.0]. Most severe intraoperative complications were related to the injury of major pulmonary vessels (9/10), and most of these complications occurred during upper lobectomy (8/10). There was no statistically significant difference in blood loss (242.85±220.47 vs. 240.43±144.36, P=0.865), and operative time (198.00±75.24 vs. 208.05±61.97, P=0.061) between the open and VATS groups, respectively, but blood loss and operative time are significant different after elimination of conversion cases (214.34±151.85 vs. 240.43±144.36, P<0.01; 193.24±72.64 vs. 208.05±61.97, P<0.01). Conclusions Our preliminary study demonstrated that the incidence of severe intraoperative complication during VATS lobectomy was low and similar to open lobectomy. The severe intraoperative complications during VATS lobectomy are manageable and the surgeons need to take proper caution in performing VATS lobectomy.

Liang, Chaoyang; Wen, Huanshun; Guo, Yongqing; Shi, Bin; Tian, Yanchu; Song, Zhiyi

2013-01-01

91

Plasma factor VIII in non-puerperal cerebral venous thrombosis: A prospective case-control study.  

PubMed

Elevated plasma factor VIII (FVIII) is increasingly recognized as an independent risk factor for thrombotic diseases. Our aim was to evaluate the association of increased plasma FVIII with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). Forty eight patients with non-puerperal, aseptic CVT were recruited for the study along with 50 age- and gender-matched, healthy controls. Blood samples were collected 3months after the thrombotic event in patients. Plasma FVIII and fibrinogen levels were measured by a functional clot-based assay. Mean plasma FVIII was significantly higher in patients when compared to controls (235.40±94.5 vs.121.2±28.3IU/dl, p<0.001). Absence of significant elevation of fibrinogen suggested that the increase in FVIII was not due to an acute phase reaction. Elevated FVIII (>170IU/dl) was associated with >18-fold increase in the risk for non-puerperal CVT (adjusted OR: 18.754, 95% CI 10.2-203.0, p<0.001). Non-O blood groups were more prevalent in CVT patients. Mean FVIII levels were higher in subjects with non-O blood group as compared to those with O blood group (155.16±46.05 vs. 129.09±40.06IU/dl, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis with logistic regression showed that only elevated FVIII, and not blood group, was significantly associated with CVT. Our study demonstrates that elevated FVIII is an independent risk factor for non-puerperal CVT in an Indian population. PMID:24560376

Anadure, Ravi K; Nagaraja, Dindagur; Christopher, Rita

2014-04-15

92

Comparison of Propofol and Ketamine versus Propofol and Fentanyl for Puerperal Sterilization, A Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Background: Puerperal sterilization requires a rapid recovery of the mother so that she can take care of her child. Propofol with fentanyl (PF) is an option, but is associated with intraoperative hypotension, respiratory depression and an unsatisfactory postoperative recovery profile. Propofol with ketamine (PK) appears to be an alternative in terms of haemodynamic stability and analgesia. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial involved 60 patients who were scheduled to undergo puerperal sterilization, who belonged to American society of anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 1. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either ketamine – propofol infusion in a concentration of 8mg/ml each (group PK) or fentanyl 2?g/kg intravenously, followed by an infusion of propofol in a concentration of 8mg/ml (group PF). In both the groups, the infusion was started at 300ml/hr till patient lost consciousness. Subsequently, the rate was set at 1.5ml/kg/hr for group PF and at 0.75ml/kg/hr for group PK. After the initial 10 minutes, the infusion rate was reduced to 1ml/kg/hr for group PF and to 0.5ml/kg/hr for group PK. Blood pressure and saturation were the primary outcomes which were measured. Results: Patients from group PF recorded a significant drop in the systolic blood pressure from the 5th minute, in diastolic pressure from the 10th minute and transient oxygen desaturation, as compared to group PK. Patients in group PK had adequate surgical conditions and better recovery profiles in terms of pain and sedation. Conclusion: The combination of ketamine and propofol is a safe and possibly superior alternative to propofol – fentanyl combination in patients who undergo puerperal sterilization, in terms of haemodynamic stability and respiratory depression.

Cherian, Anusha; Balachander, Hemavathi; Kumar C, Yashavantha

2014-01-01

93

Early and late complications after endoscopic sphincterotomy for biliary lithiasis with and without the gall bladder 'in situ'  

Microsoft Academic Search

Endoscopic sphincterotomy has gained wide acceptance in the treatment of biliary lithiasis. We attempted endoscopic sphincterotomy in 443 patients and were successful in 407 (92%). Sphincterotomy was carried out with the gall bladder in situ in 234 cases (57%) of advanced age or high surgical risk. Immediate complications occurred in 7%, of which haemorrhage was the most frequent. The mortality

J Escourrou; J A Cordova; F Lazorthes; J Frexinos; A Ribet

1984-01-01

94

May Renal Resistive Index Be an Early Predictive Tool of Postoperative Complications in Major Surgery? Preliminary Results  

PubMed Central

Background. Patients who undergo high-risk surgery represent a large amount of post-operative ICU-admissions. These patients are at high risk of experiencing postoperative complications. Renal Resistive Index was found to be related with renal dysfunction, hypertension, and posttraumatic hemorrhagic shock, probably due to vasoconstriction. We explored whether Renal Resistive Index (RRI), measured after awakening from general anesthesia, could have any relationship with postoperative complications. Methods. In our observational, stratified dual-center trial, we enrolled patients who underwent general anesthesia for high-risk major surgery. After awakening in recovery room (or during awakening period in subjects submitted to cardiac surgery) we measured RRI by echo-color-Doppler method. Primary endpoint was the association of altered RRI (>0.70) and outcome during the first postoperative week. Results. 205 patients were enrolled: 60 (29.3%) showed RRI > 0.70. The total rate of adverse event was 27 (18.6%) in RRI ? 0.7 group and 19 (31.7%) in RRI > 0.7 group (P = 0.042). Significant correlation between RRI > 0.70 and complications resulted in pneumonia (P = 0.016), septic shock (P = 0.003), and acute renal failure (P = 0.001) subgroups. Patients with RRI > 0.7 showed longer ICU stay (P = 0.001) and lasting of mechanical ventilation (P = 0.004). These results were confirmed in cardiothoracic surgery subgroup. RRI > 0.7 duplicates triplicates the risk of complications, both in general (OR 2.03 93 95% CI 1.02–4.02, P = 0.044) and in cardiothoracic (OR 2.62 95% CI 1.11–6.16, P = 0.027) population. Furthermore, we found RRI > 0.70 was associated with a triplicate risk of postoperative septic shock (OR 3.04, CI 95% 1.5–7.01; P = 0.002).

Meco, Massimo; Ruggieri, Nadia; Cosseta, Daniele; Cirri, Silvia; Zito, Paola Cosma; Gollo, Yari; Raimondi, Ferdinando

2014-01-01

95

May renal resistive index be an early predictive tool of postoperative complications in major surgery? Preliminary results.  

PubMed

Background. Patients who undergo high-risk surgery represent a large amount of post-operative ICU-admissions. These patients are at high risk of experiencing postoperative complications. Renal Resistive Index was found to be related with renal dysfunction, hypertension, and posttraumatic hemorrhagic shock, probably due to vasoconstriction. We explored whether Renal Resistive Index (RRI), measured after awakening from general anesthesia, could have any relationship with postoperative complications. Methods. In our observational, stratified dual-center trial, we enrolled patients who underwent general anesthesia for high-risk major surgery. After awakening in recovery room (or during awakening period in subjects submitted to cardiac surgery) we measured RRI by echo-color-Doppler method. Primary endpoint was the association of altered RRI (>0.70) and outcome during the first postoperative week. Results. 205 patients were enrolled: 60 (29.3%) showed RRI > 0.70. The total rate of adverse event was 27 (18.6%) in RRI ? 0.7 group and 19 (31.7%) in RRI > 0.7 group (P = 0.042). Significant correlation between RRI > 0.70 and complications resulted in pneumonia (P = 0.016), septic shock (P = 0.003), and acute renal failure (P = 0.001) subgroups. Patients with RRI > 0.7 showed longer ICU stay (P = 0.001) and lasting of mechanical ventilation (P = 0.004). These results were confirmed in cardiothoracic surgery subgroup. RRI > 0.7 duplicates triplicates the risk of complications, both in general (OR 2.03 93 95% CI 1.02-4.02, P = 0.044) and in cardiothoracic (OR 2.62 95% CI 1.11-6.16, P = 0.027) population. Furthermore, we found RRI > 0.70 was associated with a triplicate risk of postoperative septic shock (OR 3.04, CI 95% 1.5-7.01; P = 0.002). PMID:24967414

Giustiniano, Enrico; Meco, Massimo; Morenghi, Emanuela; Ruggieri, Nadia; Cosseta, Daniele; Cirri, Silvia; Difrancesco, Orazio; Zito, Paola Cosma; Gollo, Yari; Raimondi, Ferdinando

2014-01-01

96

Critical analysis of strattice performance in complex abdominal wall reconstruction: intermediate-risk patients and early complications.  

PubMed

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of a porcine-derived acellular dermal matrix (Strattice Reconstructive Tissue Matrix) in patients at increased risk for perioperative complications. We reviewed medical records for patients with complex abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) and Strattice underlay from 2007 to 2010. Intermediate-risk patients were defined as having multiple comorbidities without abdominal infection. Forty-one patients met the inclusion criteria (mean age, 60 years; mean body mass index, 35.5 kg/m(2)). Comorbidities included coronary artery disease (63.4%), diabetes mellitus (36.6%), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (17.1%). Fascial closure was achieved in 40 patients (97.6%). Average hospitalization was 6.4 days (range, 1-24 days). Complications included seroma (7.3%), wound dehiscence with Strattice exposure (4.9%), cellulitis (2.4%), and hematoma (2.4%). All patients achieved abdominal wall closure with no recurrent hernias or need for Strattice removal. Patients with multiple comorbidities at intermediate risk of postoperative complications can achieve successful, safe AWR with Strattice. PMID:24229027

Patel, Ketan M; Albino, Frank P; Nahabedian, Maurice Y; Bhanot, Parag

2013-01-01

97

Knowledge of symptoms and signs of puerperal sepsis in a community in north-eastern Nigeria: a cross-sectional study.  

PubMed

Puerperal sepsis is a leading cause of mortality in developing countries. The objective of this study is to determine the knowledge of symptoms and signs of puerperal sepsis. It was a cross-sectional community-based study. Of the 400 respondents interviewed, 289 (72.2%) were between the ages of 20 and 39 years, and most, 374 (93.5%), were married. Only 14 (3.5%) had tertiary education. Most respondents, 224 (56.0%) were farmers and grandmultiparae accounted for 187 (46.7%). A reassuring number of respondents, 265 (66.3%), knew that fever with abnormal vaginal discharge; 252 (63%) fever with foul smelling lochia; 346 (86.4%) fever occurring with lower abdominal pain and 182 (45.5%) knew that fever occurring with prolonged flow of lochia, are all indicators of puerperal sepsis. A total of 53% of respondents were not aware of the causes of puerperal sepsis; 10% believed it is caused by evil spirits. The knowledge of the causes of puerperal sepsis is poor. There is the need to put more emphasis on the causes of puerperal sepsis during antenatal health talks. This could help reduce morbidity and mortality associated with puerperal sepsis. PMID:23445137

Yahaya, S J; Bukar, M

2013-02-01

98

An unusual presentation of a submucous leiomyoma accounting to a non-puerperal uterine inversion: A case report  

PubMed Central

Non-puerperal uterine inversion is an extremely rare gynaecological event that is usually associated with uterine tumours such as submucous or cervical leiomyomas. In this report, we describe a case of uterine inversion due to a large submucous leiomyoma in a 42-year-old multiparous and obese Caucasian woman.

Atalay, Mehmet Aral; Demir, Bilge Cetinkaya; Solak, Nese; Atalay, Fatma Oz; Kucukkomurcu, Sakir

2013-01-01

99

Clinical aspects of intraoperative radiotherapy in early breast cancer: short-term complications after IORT in women treated with low energy x-rays  

PubMed Central

Background To assess postoperative complications, clinical outcome and histological findings in patients undergoing intraoperative radiotherapy with low energy x-rays for early breast cancer. Methods We retrospectively analysed data of 208 women who underwent intraoperative irradiation during breast conserving surgery (BCS) between 2002 and 2007. Demographic, clinical and surgical parameters as well as short-term complications within the first postoperative week and histological findings were evaluated. Toxicities were assessed using the CTC/EORTC Score. Results Postoperative complications were rare and the immediate toxicity low, without any grade 3/4 acute toxicity. The most frequent postoperative side effects were suggillation (24%) and palpable seroma (17.3%). In 78.6% of the axillary seroma and in 25% of the breast seroma a needle aspiration was inevitable. Erythema grade I-II of the breast was found in 27 women (13%); whereas in 7 patients (3.4%), mastitis was confirmed. In 57.7% of the cases, the pathological assessment revealed ductal invasive breast cancer and tumour size ranged between 0.1 and 4.5 cm (mean?=?1.6 cm). Conclusion IORT using Intrabeam® during BCS is safe, although it is associated with postoperative adverse events such as seroma. These should be mentioned and explained to women in detail during the preoperative discussion. This explicitly clinical description is useful for daily clinical practice; especially for giving a detailed analysis of the postoperative side effects during preoperative counselling.

2013-01-01

100

Early to mid-term results of ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacement: analysis of bearing-surface-related complications.  

PubMed

Ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in hip replacement have low rates of wear and are increasingly being used in young adults. Our aim was to determine the incidence of audible phenomena or other bearing-related complications. We retrospectively analysed 250 ceramic-on-ceramic hip replacements in 224 patients which had been implanted between April 2000 and December 2007. The mean age of the patients at operation was 44 years (14 to 83) and all the operations were performed using the same surgical technique at a single centre. At a mean follow-up of 59 months (24 to 94), the mean Oxford hip score was 40.89 (11 to 48). There were six revisions, three of which were for impingement-related complications. No patient reported squeaking, but six described grinding or clicking, which was usually associated with deep flexion. No radiological evidence of osteolysis or migration of the components was observed in any hip. The early to mid-term results of contemporary ceramic-on-ceramic hip replacement show promising results with few concerns in terms of noise and squeaking. Positioning of the acetabular component remains critical in regard to the reduction of other impingement-related complications. PMID:21768622

Stafford, G H; Islam, S Ul; Witt, J D

2011-08-01

101

Discordance between MRI and bone scan findings in a child with acute complicated osteomyelitis: scintigraphic features that contribute to the early diagnosis.  

PubMed

Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of acute osteomyelitis are of paramount importance in children because they can prevent irreversible bone damage. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with its superior spatial resolution and lack of ionizing radiation is routinely preferred over bone scan for this purpose. Increased blood flow, hyperemia and focally increased tracer uptake shown by "three phase" bone scan are the typical scintigraphic findings of acute osteomyelitis. In addition, diffuse uptake along the shaft of long bones and focal "cold" lesions are two special features that may be highly suggestive of infective periostitis, soft tissue sepsis and subperiosteal abscess formation, due to the loose attachment of periosteum to bone during childhood. We present a case of complicated osteomyelitis in a child with inconclusive MRI correctly diagnosed on the basis of these special scintigraphic findings resulting in treatment change from double i.v. Vancomycin--Ceftriaxone scheme to surgical intervention. PMID:23938190

Mpalaris, V; Arsos, G; Iakovou, I; Dalpa, E; Karatzas, N

2014-01-01

102

Laparoscopic Hernia Repair - Complications  

PubMed Central

Laparoscopic hernioplasty is a technique which can present a number of specific complications. This paper reviews the complications that can occur during laparoscopic hernia repair and ways to avoid them; it also describes the surgical technique used successfully in over 1000 cases. Initial experience suggests that complications can be avoided with adequate knowledge, attention to surgical anatomy and the proper technique of laparoscopic hernioplasty. Early recurrences are rare and invariably result from inadequate surgical technique. Inadequate fixation of the mesh, inadequate mesh size, and failure to cover unidentified wall defects (hernias which have never been repaired), are the main causes of early recurrence of hernia. Experience, knowledge of complications and how to avoid them, adequate training and attention to the anatomy of the inguinal region are the most important factors in correcting inguinal hernia successfully by laparoscopy.

Reusch, Marcus; daRosa, Andre L. M.; Carlos, Jose Roberto B.

1998-01-01

103

Complications of nephrotic syndrome  

PubMed Central

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect children. Renal histology reveals the presence of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in more than 80% of these patients. Most patients with MCNS have favorable outcomes without complications. However, a few of these children have lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, suffer from severe and prolonged proteinuria, and are at high risk for complications. Complications of NS are divided into two categories: disease-associated and drug-related complications. Disease-associated complications include infections (e.g., peritonitis, sepsis, cellulitis, and chicken pox), thromboembolism (e.g., venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism), hypovolemic crisis (e.g., abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension), cardiovascular problems (e.g., hyperlipidemia), acute renal failure, anemia, and others (e.g., hypothyroidism, hypocalcemia, bone disease, and intussusception). The main pathomechanism of disease-associated complications originates from the large loss of plasma proteins in the urine of nephrotic children. The majority of children with MCNS who respond to treatment with corticosteroids or cytotoxic agents have smaller and milder complications than those with steroid-resistant NS. Corticosteroids, alkylating agents, cyclosporin A, and mycophenolate mofetil have often been used to treat NS, and these drugs have treatment-related complications. Early detection and appropriate treatment of these complications will improve outcomes for patients with NS.

Park, Se Jin

2011-01-01

104

Hepatic transplantation: postoperative complications.  

PubMed

Advances in surgical techniques and immunosuppression have made orthotopic liver transplantation a first-line treatment for many patients with end-stage liver disease. The early detection and treatment of postoperative complications has contributed significantly to improved graft and patient survival with imaging playing a critical role in detection. Complications that can lead to graft failure or patient mortality include vascular abnormalities, biliary abnormalities, allograft rejection, and recurrent or post-transplant malignancy. Vascular abnormalities include stenosis and thrombosis of the hepatic artery, portal vein, and inferior vena cava, as well as hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, and celiac stenosis. Biliary abnormalities include strictures, bile leak, obstruction, recurrent disease, and infection. While imaging is not used to diagnose allograft rejection, it plays an important role in identifying complications that can mimic rejection. Ultrasound is routinely performed as the initial imaging modality for the detection and follow-up of both early and delayed complications. Cholangiography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography are used to characterize biliary complications and computed tomography is used to confirm abnormal findings on ultrasound or for the evaluation of postoperative collections. The purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate the imaging appearances and management of complications associated with liver transplantation. PMID:23644931

Itri, Jason N; Heller, Matthew T; Tublin, Mitchell E

2013-12-01

105

Antibiotic treatment patterns across Europe in patients with complicated skin and soft-tissue infections due to meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A plea for implementation of early switch and early discharge criteria.  

PubMed

This retrospective observational medical chart review aimed to describe country-specific variations across Europe in real-world meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) complicated skin and soft-tissue infection (cSSTI) treatment patterns, antibiotic stewardship activity, and potential opportunities for early switch (ES) from intravenous (i.v.) to oral formulations and early discharge (ED) from hospital using standardised data collection and criteria and economic implications of these opportunities. Patients were randomly sampled from 12 countries (Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain and the UK), aged ?18 years, with documented MRSA cSSTI, hospitalised between 1 July 2010 and 30 June 2011, discharged alive by 31 July 2011. Of 1502 patients, 1468 received MRSA-targeted therapy. Intravenous-to-oral switch rates ranged from 2.0% to 20.2%, i.v. length of therapy from 10.1 to 18.6 days and hospital length of stay (LoS) from 15.2 to 25.0 days across Europe. Of 341 sites, 82.9% had antibiotic steering committees, 23.7% had i.v.-to-oral switch antibiotic protocols and 12.9% had ED protocols for MRSA cSSTI. ES and ED eligibility ranged from 12.0% (Slovakia) to 56.3% (Greece) and from 10% (Slovakia) to 48.2% (Portugal), respectively. Potential cost savings per ED-eligible patient ranged from €414 (Slovakia) to €2703 (France). MRSA cSSTI treatment patterns varied widely across countries, but further reductions in i.v. therapy, hospital LoS and associated costs could be realised. These data provide insight into clinical practice patterns across diverse European healthcare systems and identify potential opportunities for local clinicians and policy-makers to improve clinical care and cost-effectiveness of this therapeutic area. PMID:24928311

Eckmann, Christian; Lawson, Wendy; Nathwani, Dilip; Solem, Caitlyn T; Stephens, Jennifer M; Macahilig, Cynthia; Simoneau, Damien; Hajek, Petr; Charbonneau, Claudie; Chambers, Richard; Li, Jim Z; Haider, Seema

2014-07-01

106

[Diabetes and cardiovascular complications].  

PubMed

The prevalence of obesity and diabetes is increasing dramatically. Currently, 800,000 patients are suffering from diabetes mellitus in Austria. Chronic hyperglycemia results in micro- and macrovascular complications, which reduce life expectancy up to 8 years. Furthermore, diabetes is among the most important risk factors for premature atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. The incidence of coronary artery disease in diabetics is relatively high with about 146 cases per 10,000 patient years. Apart, it could be demonstrated that the presence of diabetes mellitus worsens the prognosis after an acute coronary syndrome. Considering ischemic stroke, the situation is nearly the same, as it is known that diabetes mellitus increases the risk for ischemic stroke events up to 5 times. Beside the macrovascular complications, microvascular complications like diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic neuropathy also play a critical role. Retinopathy can be detected in nearly every patient after a diabetes duration of 20 years. Diabetic nephropathy, which is a major complication of diabetes mellitus, accounts for 19% of end stage renal disease. Microalbuminuria, which is an early marker of diabetic nephropathy, can be found in 30% of the patients after 10 years of diabetes. Due to the severity of the diabetic complications an early intensified antidiabetic treatment is highly important for the prevention of micro- and macrovascular events. PMID:20229155

Resl, Michael; Clodi, Martin

2010-01-01

107

Early continuous veno-venous haemofiltration in the management of severe acute pancreatitis complicated with intra-abdominal hypertension: retrospective review of 10 years' experience  

PubMed Central

Background Conservative treatment of patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) may be associated with development of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH), deterioration of visceral perfusion and increased risk of multiple organ dysfunction. Fluid balance is essential for maintenance of adequate organ perfusion and control of the third space. Timely application of continuous veno-venous haemofiltration (CVVH) may help in balancing fluid replacement and removal of cytokines from the blood and tissue compartments. The aim of the present study was to determine whether CVVH can be recommended as a constituent of conservative treatment in patients with SAP who suffer IAH. Methods A retrospective analysis of 10 years' experience with low-flow CVVH application in patients with SAP who develop IAH was. In all patients, measurement of the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was done indirectly through the urinary bladder. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score was calculated for severity assessment, and necrotizing forms were verified by contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Dynamics of IAP were analysed in parallel with signs of systemic inflammation, dynamics of C-reactive protein and cumulative fluid balance. All variables, complication rate and outcomes were analysed in the whole group and in patients with IAH (CVVH and no-CVVH groups). Results From the total of 130 patients, 75 were treated with application of CVVH and 55 without CVVH. Late hospitalization was associated with application of CVVH. Infection was observed in 28.5% of cases regardless of the type of treatment received, with a similar necessity for surgical intervention. IAH was observed in 68.5% of patients, and they had significantly higher SOFA scores compared to patients with normal IAP. CVVH treatment resulted in negative cumulative fluid balance starting from day 5 in patients with IAH, whereas without this treatment, fluid balance remained increasingly positive after a week. Finally, application of CVVH resulted in a lower infection rate and shorter hospital stay, 26.7% vs. 37.9%, and a median of 32 (interquartile range (IQR) = 60 to 12) days vs. 24 (IQR = 34 to 4) days, p = 0.05, comparing CVVH vs. no-CVVH group. Mortality rate reached 11.7% in the CVVH group and 13.8% in the no-CVVH group. Conclusions Early application of CVVH facilitates negative fluid balance and reduction of IAH in patients with SAP; it is not associated with increased infection or mortality rate and may reduce hospital stay.

2012-01-01

108

Diagnosis of acute puerperal metritis by electronic nose device analysis of vaginal discharge in dairy cows.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of an electronic nose device using vaginal discharge samples to diagnose acute puerperal metritis (APM) in dairy cows. Uterine fluid was sampled manually with a gloved hand and under sterile conditions for electronic nose device analysis (day in milk (DIM) 2, 5, and 10) and bacteriologic examination (DIM 5), respectively, and on additional days, if APM was diagnosed during the daily clinical examinations. A dataset containing samples from 70 cows was used to create a model and to validate the APM status predicted by this model, respectively. Half of the dataset (n = 35; 14 healthy and 21 metritic cows) was provided with information regarding the APM diagnosis and contained all three measurements (DIM 2, 5, and 10) for each cow and was used as a training set whereas the second half was blinded (n = 35; 14 healthy and 21 metritic cows) and contained only the samples collected on DIM 5 of each cow and was used to validate the created prediction model. A receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated using the prediction results of the validation test. The best observed sensitivity was 100% with specificity of 91.6% when using a threshold value of 0.3. The calculated P-value for the receiver operating characteristic curve was less than 0.01. Overall, Escherichia coli was isolated in eight of 28 (28.6%) and 22 of 42 (52.4%) samples collected from healthy and metritic cows, respectively. Trueperella pyogenes and Fusobacterium necrophorum were isolated in 14 and six of 28 (50.0% and 21.4%) and 17 and 16 of 42 (40.5% and 38.1%) samples collected from healthy and metritic cows, respectively. The prevalence of Escherichia coli and Trueperella pyogenes was similar in the samples obtained from metritic cows used for the training set and the validation test. The results are promising especially because of the objective nature of the measurements obtained by the electronic nose device. PMID:24746098

Burfeind, O; Bruins, M; Bos, A; Sannmann, I; Voigtsberger, R; Heuwieser, W

2014-07-01

109

TRANSPLANT RELATED COMPLICATIONS IN THALASSEMIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only effective therapeutic modality for patients affected by major hemoglobinopathies such as thalassemia major and sickle cell anemia. Although improvements in transplant technology a substantial group of patients continue to have post transplant complications which increase morbidity and mortality. Optimizing outcomes through prevention or early detection of post transplant complications and mitigation of

Javid Gaziev; Policlinico Tor Vergata

110

Postoperative complications do not influence the pattern of early lung function recovery after lung resection for lung cancer in patients at risk  

PubMed Central

Background The pattern and factors influencing the lung function recovery in the first postoperative days are still not fully elucidated, especially in patients at increased risk. Methods Prospective study on 60 patients at increased risk, who underwent a lung resection for primary lung cancer. Inclusion criteria: complete resection and one or more known risk factors in form of COPD, cardiovascular disorders, advanced age or other comorbidities. Previous myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization or stenting, cardiac rhythm disorders, arterial hypertension and myocardiopathy determined the increased cardiac risk. The severity of COPD was graded according to GOLD criteria. The trend of the postoperative lung function recovery was assessed by performing spirometry with a portable spirometer. Results Cardiac comorbidity existed in 55%, mild and moderate COPD in 20% and 35% of patients respectively. Measured values of FVC% and FEV1% on postoperative days one, three and seven, showed continuous improvement, with significant difference between the days of measurement, especially between days three and seven. There was no difference in the trend of the lung function recovery between patients with and without postoperative complications. Whilst pO2 was decreasing during the first three days in a roughly parallel fashion in patients with respiratory, surgical complications and in patients without complications, a slight hypercapnia registered on the first postoperative day was gradually abolished in all groups except in patients with cardiac complications. Conclusion Extent of the lung resection and postoperative complications do not significantly influence the trend of the lung function recovery after lung resection for lung cancer.

2014-01-01

111

Pregnancy Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... care provider will likely test your urine in early pregnancy to see if this is the case and treat you with antibiotics if necessary. Mental Health Conditions Some women experience depression during or after ...

112

Gastrointestinal Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Gastrointestinal and hepatic complications are common in the hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patient. The agents\\u000a used in the conditioning regimen induce direct disruption of the intestinal barrier as well as indirect damage from cytokine\\u000a release and generalized inflammatory state. These events lead to permeation of bacteria and endotoxins through the bowel wall,\\u000a with subsequent organ damage and increased risk

Eneida Nemecek

113

Infectious Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Infections are the most frequently occurring complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Myelosuppressive\\u000a medications, the conditioning regimen (chemotherapy, radiation therapy), mucosal damage, type of transplant, immune-suppressive\\u000a therapy, and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) all predispose the HSCT patient to life-threatening infections. Abnormal B-\\u000a and T-lymphocyte function results in impaired cellular and humoral immune function. Infections that can occur in the setting

Lynne Strasfeld

114

Early goal-directed therapy after major surgery reduces complications and duration of hospital stay. A randomised, controlled trial [ISRCTN38797445  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Goal-directed therapy (GDT) has been shown to improve outcome when commenced before surgery. This requires pre-operative admission to the intensive care unit (ICU). In cardiac surgery, GDT has proved effective when commenced after surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of post-operative GDT on the incidence of complications and duration of hospital stay in patients

Rupert Pearse; Deborah Dawson; Jayne Fawcett; Andrew Rhodes; R Michael Grounds; E David Bennett

2005-01-01

115

Hypoglycemia: The neglected complication  

PubMed Central

Hypoglycemia is an important complication of glucose-lowering therapy in patients with diabetes mellitus. Attempts made at intensive glycemic control invariably increases the risk of hypoglycemia. A six-fold increase in deaths due to diabetes has been attributed to patients experiencing severe hypoglycemia in comparison to those not experiencing severe hypoglycemia Repeated episodes of hypoglycemia can lead to impairment of the counter-regulatory system with the potential for development of hypoglycemia unawareness. The short- and long-term complications of diabetes related hypoglycemia include precipitation of acute cerebrovascular disease, myocardial infarction, neurocognitive dysfunction, retinal cell death and loss of vision in addition to health-related quality of life issues pertaining to sleep, driving, employment, recreational activities involving exercise and travel. There is an urgent need to examine the clinical spectrum and burden of hypoglycemia so that adequate control measures can be implemented against this neglected life-threatening complication. Early recognition of hypoglycemia risk factors, self-monitoring of blood glucose, selection of appropriate treatment regimens with minimal or no risk of hypoglycemia and appropriate educational programs for healthcare professionals and patients with diabetes are the major ways forward to maintain good glycemic control, minimize the risk of hypoglycemia and thereby prevent long-term complications.

Kalra, Sanjay; Mukherjee, Jagat Jyoti; Venkataraman, Subramanium; Bantwal, Ganapathi; Shaikh, Shehla; Saboo, Banshi; Das, Ashok Kumar; Ramachandran, Ambady

2013-01-01

116

Early stenosis in a Gore-Tex graft connected to the left main: an emergency transradial angioplasty for a complication in a Cabrol procedure.  

PubMed

This is a case report of a successful transradial percutaneous intervention in a stenosis in a Cabrol graft. Very few reports have been published about percutaneous interventional solutions to complications in this kind of graft, and none have used the transradial approach. The Cabrol technique is used to re-implant coronary arteries after aortic root replacement using a Dacron or Gore-Tex graft interposed between the aortic root graft and the native coronary artery. Due to the dearth of reports on interventional solutions to complications in Cabrol-Grafts, most interventional cardiologists have little to no experience in approaching postsurgical aortic composite graft-coronary (ostial, body, or distal) lesions percutaneously, when the anatomy has been altered by a Cabrol graft. This article will elaborate on the anatomical considerations essential for performing this type of angioplasty procedures in this type of grafting and it will present the transradial approach as feasible and an excellent option for this type of procedure. We report on a case of an emergency angioplasty to rescue a patient who had persisted with hemodynamic instability after 48 hours of a Cabrol procedure which had been performed to repair an aortic type A dissection, caused during an aortic valve replacement. PMID:23043039

Uribe González, Jhonathan; Peńa Duque, Marco A; Larraga, Miguel Puente

2012-10-01

117

Evaluation of potential risk factors for early infectious complications after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in patients with lymphoproliferative diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of risk factors for the occurrence of neutropaenic fever after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have been proposed. We were interested in whether these factors remain valid for several early infection-related outcomes when applied to a homogeneous group of patients in uni- and multivariate analyses. Therefore, we analysed 144 consecutive patients with lymphoproliferative disorders receiving autologous peripheral blood

H. W. Auner; A. Zebisch; P. Ofner; H. Sill; W. Linkesch; R. Krause

2005-01-01

118

Duodenal switch versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity: systematic review and meta-analysis of weight results, diabetes resolution and early complications in single-centre comparisons.  

PubMed

Long-term weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in super-obese patients has not been ideal. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (DS) is argued to be better; however, additional side effects are feared. The aim of the present study was to determine differences in results after DS and RYGB in publications from single-centre comparisons. A systematic review of studies containing DS and RYGB performed at the same centre was performed. Outcome data were weight results, resolution of comorbid conditions, perioperative results and complications. Main outcome was difference in weight loss after DS and RYGB. Secondary outcomes were difference in resolution of comorbidities, perioperative results and complications. The final analysis included 16 studies with in total 874 DS and 1,149 RYGB operations. When comparing weight results at the longest follow-up of each study, DS yielded 6.2 (95% confidence interval 5.0-7.5) body mass index units additional weight loss compared with RYGB, P?early complications and might also yield slightly higher perioperative mortality. PMID:24666623

Hedberg, J; Sundström, J; Sundbom, M

2014-07-01

119

Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion for the Correction of Spondylolisthesis and Adult Degenerative Scoliosis in High-Risk Patients: Early Radiographic Results and Complications  

PubMed Central

Background Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is not associated with many of the complications seen in other interbody fusion techniques. This study used computed tomography (CT) scans, the radiographic gold standard, to assess interbody fusion rates achieved utilizing the LLIF technique in high-risk patients. Methods We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent LLIF between January 2008 and July 2013. Forty-nine patients underwent nonstaged or staged LLIF on 119 levels with posterior correction and augmentation. Per protocol, patients received CT scans at their 1-year follow-up. Of the 49 patients, 21 patients with LLIF intervention on 54 levels met inclusion criteria. Two board-certified musculoskeletal radiologists and the senior surgeon (JZ) assessed fusion. Results Of the 21 patients, 6 patients had had previous lumbar surgery, and the cohort's comorbidities included osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, and smoking, among others. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 (57.1%) patients and included anterior thigh pain and weakness in 6 patients, all of which resolved by 6 months. Two cases of proximal junctional kyphosis occurred, along with 1 case of hardware pullout. Two cases of abdominal atonia occurred. By CT scan assessment, each radiologist found fusion was achieved in 53 of 54 levels (98%). The radiologists' findings were in agreement with the senior surgeon. Conclusion Several studies have evaluated LLIF fusion and reported fusion rates between 88%-96%. Our results demonstrate high fusion rates using this technique, despite multiple comorbidities in the patient population. Spanning the ring apophysis with large LLIF cages along with supplemental posterior pedicle screw augmentation can enhance stability of the fusion segment and increase fusion rates.

Waddell, Brad; Briski, David; Qadir, Rabah; Godoy, Gustavo; Houston, Allison Howard; Rudman, Ernest; Zavatsky, Joseph

2014-01-01

120

Cause of death after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in early leukaemias: an EBMT analysis of lethal infectious complications and changes over calendar time  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analysed a large homogeneous group of 14 403 patients transplanted for early leukaemia from an HLA-identical sibling and reported to the EBMT in four time cohorts: 1980–1989 (24%), 1990–1994 (26%), 1995–1998 (30%) and 1999–2001 (20%). We focused on death from infection. End points were survival, death from relapse and transplant-related mortality (TRM), which was subdivided into death from graft-versus-host

A Gratwohl; R Brand; F Frassoni; V Rocha; D Niederwieser; P Reusser; H Einsele; C Cordonnier

2005-01-01

121

Pregnancy Complications: Gonorrhea  

MedlinePLUS

... in the community. Home > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Complications > Gonorrhea Pregnancy complications Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. ... the United States. Can gonorrhea cause complications during pregnancy and for your baby? Yes. Gonorrhea can lead ...

122

Reduction of Postoperative Complication Rate with the Use of Early Oral Feeding in Gynecologic Oncologic Patients Undergoing a Major Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  A randomized controlled trial was performed to assess the outcome of early oral postoperative feeding (EOF) compared with\\u000a traditional oral feeding (TOF) in gynecologic oncology patients undergoing a complex laparotomy, including upper abdominal\\u000a surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Patients aged 18–75 years, undergoing an elective laparotomy and with a preoperative suspicion of gynecologic malignancy,\\u000a were eligible. Exclusion criteria included infectious conditions, intestinal obstruction, severe malnutrition,

Lucas Minig; Roberto Biffi; Vanna Zanagnolo; Anna Attanasio; Carmen Beltrami; Luca Bocciolone; Edoardo Botteri; Nicoletta Colombo; Simona Iodice; Fabio Landoni; Michele Peiretti; Giovanni Roviglione; Angelo Maggioni

2009-01-01

123

Analysis of an Outbreak of Puerperal Fever Due to Group A Streptococci by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Fingerprinting  

PubMed Central

Objective: Streptococcus pyogenes is the cause of the classical childbed fever and can occur in both sporadic and epidemic form. Once an outbreak is identified on a maternity ward it is not only necessary to place the patients in strict isolation but also identify to the source of the infection. Fast reliable typing methods can aid in infection control. Methods: An outbreak of puerperal fever due to S. pyogenes was analyzed by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Results: Identical fingerprint patterns were found in isolates of 3 patients, the throat and infected finger of the delivering obstetrician, 2 of the physician's family members, and from the cervix of a woman who was examined by the physician 7 months after the outbreak. The outbreak was stopped after antimicrobial treatment of the physician and his family members. Conclusions: RAPD typing appeared to be a fast and reliable tool for epidemiological studies of S. pyogenes and is probably more efficient in strain differentiation than classical M and T serotyping.

Muytjens, Harry L.; van den Berg, Paul P.; Voss, Andreas; Melchers, Willem J. G.

1997-01-01

124

Early Complication in Sickle Cell Anemia Children due to A(TA)nTAA Polymorphism at the Promoter of UGT1A1 Gene  

PubMed Central

Aim. To determine the implication of the polymorphism, namely, A(TA)nTAA of UGT1A1 in lithogenesis for the first time in Tunisia among sickle cell anemia (SCA) children patients. Material and Methods. Our study was performed in 2010 and it involved 76 subjects chosen as control group characterized with normal hemoglobin status and presence of cholelithiasis and 102 SCA pediatric patients among whom 52 have cholelithiasis. We analyzed the polymorphism A(TA)nTAA at the UGT1A1 promoter and the relationships between the various A(TA)nTAA genotypes and alleles and bilirubin levels and occurrence of cholelithiasis. Results and Discussion. The repartition of genotypes found according to serum bilirubin level shows a significant association between genotypes carrying variant (TA)7 and hyperbilirubinemia (P < 0.05). We demonstrated the association of two genotypes with gallstones formation among SCA children patients: (TA)7/(TA)7 and (TA)7/(TA)8 with P = 8.1 × 10?8 and P = 0.01, respectively. (TA)7 and (TA)8 allele variants act as a risk factor for early gallstones formation in SCA patients with P = 5.8 × 10?9 and P = 0.01, respectively. As for the control group only the genotype (TA)7/(TA)7 presented a risk factor for gallstones formation. Conclusion. The novelty of this report is that it is the first time that a similar study was made on the Tunisian children sickle cell population and that the results show a clear association of (TA)7 variant in early gallstones formation in Tunisian SCA children. Interestingly our findings highlighted the association of (TA)8 variant as well, which was not found in previous studies.

Chaouch, Leila; Talbi, Emna; Moumni, Imen; Ben Chaabene, Arij; Kalai, Miniar; Chaouachi, Dorra; Mallouli, Fethi; Ghanem, Abderraouf; Abbes, Salem

2013-01-01

125

Single dose cabergoline versus bromocriptine in inhibition of puerperal lactation: randomised, double blind, multicentre study. European Multicentre Study Group for Cabergoline in Lactation Inhibition.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To compare the efficacy and safety of a single dose of 1 mg of cabergoline with that of bromocriptine 2.5 mg twice daily for 14 days in the inhibition of puerperal lactation. DESIGN--Prospective, randomised, double blind, parallel group, multicentre study. SETTING--University of hospital departments of obstetrics and gynaecology in different European countries. SUBJECTS--272 puerperal women not wishing to lactate (136 randomised to each drug). INTERVENTIONS--Women randomised to cabergoline received two 0.5 mg tablets of cabergoline and one placebo tablet within 27 hours after delivery and then placebo twice daily for 14 days. Those randomised to bromocriptine received 2.5 mg of bromocriptine and two placebo tablets within 27 hours and then 2.5 mg of bromocriptine twice daily for 14 days. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Success of treatment (complete or partial) according to milk secretion, breast engorgement, and breast pain; rebound symptomatology; serum prolactin concentrations; and number of adverse events. RESULTS--Complete success was achieved in 106 of 136 women randomised to cabergoline and in 94 of 136 randomised to bromocriptine and partial success in 21 and 33 women respectively. Rebound breast symptomatology occurred respectively in five and 23 women with complete success up to day 15 (p less than 0.0001). Serum prolactin concentrations dropped considerably with both drugs from day 2 to day 15; a prolactin secretion rebound effect was observed in women treated with bromocriptine. cabergoline and 36 receiving bromocriptine (p = 0.054), occurring most during the first treatment day. CONCLUSION--A single 1 mg dose of cabergoline is at least as effective as bromocriptine 2.5 mg twice daily for 14 days in preventing puerperal lactation. Because of the considerably lower rate of rebound breast activity and adverse events and the simpler administration schedule cabergoline should be the drug of choice for lactation inhibition.

1991-01-01

126

Evaluation of the effectiveness of a clean delivery kit intervention in preventing cord infection and puerperal sepsis among neonates and their mothers in rural Mwanza Region, Tanzania.  

PubMed

A study was carried out in Misungwi and Kwimba Districts, Tanzania to determine the effectiveness of clean delivery kits in preventing cord infection and puerperal sepsis and to provide qualitative information on community acceptability, correct use, and appropriateness of the kits. This study involved pregnant women aged 18-45 years old. In the delivery kit intervention population, the Maternal and Child Health Aide (MCHA) assigned to the health facility provided pregnant mothers with a clean delivery kit on their first antenatal visit. She explained how to use each of the kit components, with the aid of pictorial instructions included in the kit. The pregnant mothers were asked to convey the information to whoever assisted them during delivery. The MCHA also gave them health education based on the principles of the "six cleans" recognized by WHO (i.e., clean hands, clean perineum, clean delivery surface, clean cord cutting and tying instruments, clean cutting surface). Women received the clean delivery kit free of charge in accordance with the randomised stepped-wedge design schedule. During the first week following delivery, the Village Health Workers (VHWs) from both the intervention and control groups made two visits to the households of mothers who had delivered. They administered questionnaire about delivery to mother and birth attendant. During the two scheduled postpartum visits, those who were suspected to have puerperal sepsis or cord infection of the baby were referred to the health facility clinician for confirmation. Results indicated that use of clean delivery kit had a positive effect on reducing both cord infection and puerperal sepsis. The use of a clean home delivery kit coupled with an educational intervention about the "six cleans" had a significant effect on reducing the incidence of cord infection and puerperal sepsis among women enrolled in the study. In low resource settings where home birth is common and clean delivery supplies are scarce, disposable kits can be made available through health clinics, markets, pharmacies or other channels to help reduce rates of infection. PMID:16941946

Mosha, F; Winani, S; Wood, S; Changalucha, J; Ngasalla, B

2005-09-01

127

Pregnancy Complications: Placenta Previa  

MedlinePLUS

... the community. Home > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Complications > Placenta previa Pregnancy complications Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. ... to get pregnant again. Are gallstones common during pregnancy? Not common, but they do happen. Elevated hormones ...

128

Pregnancy Complications: HELLP Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... the community. Home > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Complications > HELLP syndrome Pregnancy complications Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. ... to get pregnant again. Are gallstones common during pregnancy? Not common, but they do happen. Elevated hormones ...

129

Pregnancy Complications: Chlamydia  

MedlinePLUS

... in the community. Home > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Complications > Chlamydia Pregnancy complications Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. ... younger than 25. Can chlamydia cause problems during pregnancy? Yes. If you get it before or during ...

130

Pregnancy Complications: Genital Herpes  

MedlinePLUS

... the community. Home > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Complications > Genital herpes Pregnancy complications Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. ... to get pregnant again. Are gallstones common during pregnancy? Not common, but they do happen. Elevated hormones ...

131

Imaging after cesarean delivery: acute and chronic complications.  

PubMed

Cesarean delivery is a commonly performed operation and accounts for nearly one-third of all births in the United States. Although it is a safe procedure, cesarean delivery has a variety of acute and chronic complications that prompt imaging with ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Acute complications include hematomas in specific locations that are unique to the procedure, as well as a variety of infections. A bladder flap hematoma occurs in the space between the bladder and the lower uterine segment, whereas a subfascial hematoma is an extraperitoneal collection located in the prevesical space posterior to the rectus muscles and anterior to the peritoneum. Puerperal infections after cesarean delivery include abscesses, wound infections and dehiscence, uterine dehiscence and rupture, and pelvic thrombophlebitis. The prevalence of chronic complications related to the healed cesarean delivery scar is unknown, but the scar may result in technical limitations for pelvic US due to the adhesions between the anterior lower uterine segment and the anterior abdominal wall. The cesarean delivery scar also leaves the patient susceptible to several unique diagnoses. A cesarean scar "niche" is a tethering of the endometrium that can serve as a reservoir for intermenstrual blood and fluid. Intrauterine devices can be malpositioned in the cesarean delivery scar, and endometrial implants can develop in the abdominal wall years after surgery. These patients are also at increased risk for implantation abnormalities including cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy, retained products of conception, and placenta accreta. Familiarity with the normal postoperative findings following cesarean delivery is necessary to recognize acute and chronic complications, which are being encountered with increasing frequency. PMID:23065165

Rodgers, Shuchi K; Kirby, Cheryl L; Smith, Ryan J; Horrow, Mindy M

2012-10-01

132

Complicated acute pancreatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  The treatment of severe, complicated pancreatitis requires:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Rapid assessment and recognition of severity, determined by using APACHE or equivalent scoring systems.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Aggressive resuscitation with crystalloid and colloid solutions using central venous monitoring for guidance, and to help\\u000a identify and treat early organ failure.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a Nutritional support including total parenteral feeding, which can assist in maintaining nutrition during

Stephen P. Martin; Charles D. Ulrich

1999-01-01

133

Complications of aesthetic laser surgery.  

PubMed

Aesthetic laser surgery is not risk free. It behooves the laser surgeon to become intimately familiar with the potential adverse effects of laser use to guard against and to minimize their occurrence. Moreover, patients must be thoroughly, clearly, and honestly educated about the procedure and its risks so that their expectations are realistic and so that any complications that do occur can be recognized early and treated appropriately. This review summarizes basic laser safety and discusses the nature of complications that may occur during continuous-wave, pulsed dye, pigment-specific, hair removal, and resurfacing laser procedures. PMID:10560877

Aghassi, D; Carpo, B; Eng, K; Grevelink, J M

1999-11-01

134

Cardiac Rupture Complicating Cerebral Intraarterial Thrombolytic Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early intraarterial thrombolytic therapy is recognized as a valuable treatment option in the setting of acute stroke. Cardiac rupture is a catastrophic complication of myocardial infarc- tion. The risk of this complication has been shown to increase with late coronary thrombo- lytic therapy (more than 7 hours after onset of myocardial infarction) (1) and has also been reported as a

R. B. Singh; D. A. Graeb; A. Fung; P. Teal

135

Bilateral Compartment Syndrome Complicating Prolonged Lithotomy Position  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A case of bilateral compartment syndrome after prolonged Lloyd-Davies lithotomy position is described. The diagnosis was made early, despite effective extradural bupivacaine- fentanyl analgesia. The aetiology, diagnosis, pathology and treatment of compartment syn- drome are described. Complications of the syndrome may be life-threatening and perma- nently disabling. The anaesthetist should be aware of the potential complications of the operative

J. TUCKEY

1997-01-01

136

From Folklore to Scientific Evidence: Breast-Feeding and Wet-Nursing in Islam and the Case of Non-Puerperal Lactation  

PubMed Central

Breast-feeding practice has an important medical and socio-cultural role. It has many anthropological aspects concerning the “power structures” that find their expression in breast-feeding and the practices that formed around it, both socially, scientifically, and legally-speaking. Breast-feeding has been given much attention by religions and taboos, folklore, and misconception abound around it making it a topic of genuine curiosity. This paper aims at expanding the spectrum of folklore associated with breast-feeding. The paper deals with historical, religious, and folkloristic aspects of breast-feeding, especially wet-nursing, in Islam and focuses on an intriguing Islamic tale on breast-feeding - lactation by non-pregnant women (or non-puerperal lactation). Apparently, accounts of non-puerperal lactation are not restricted to Islam but have been documented in various societies and religions throughout centuries. Two medical situations - hyperprolactinemia and induced lactation, appear as possible explanations for this phenomenon. This serves as an excellent example for the value of utilizing contemporary scientific knowledge in order to elucidate the origin, anthropology and evolvement of ancient myth and superstition.

Moran, Lia; Gilad, Jacob

2007-01-01

137

From folklore to scientific evidence: breast-feeding and wet-nursing in islam and the case of non-puerperal lactation.  

PubMed

Breast-feeding practice has an important medical and socio-cultural role. It has many anthropological aspects concerning the "power structures" that find their expression in breast-feeding and the practices that formed around it, both socially, scientifically, and legally-speaking. Breast-feeding has been given much attention by religions and taboos, folklore, and misconception abound around it making it a topic of genuine curiosity. This paper aims at expanding the spectrum of folklore associated with breast-feeding. The paper deals with historical, religious, and folkloristic aspects of breast-feeding, especially wet-nursing, in Islam and focuses on an intriguing Islamic tale on breast-feeding - lactation by non-pregnant women (or non-puerperal lactation). Apparently, accounts of non-puerperal lactation are not restricted to Islam but have been documented in various societies and religions throughout centuries. Two medical situations - hyperprolactinemia and induced lactation, appear as possible explanations for this phenomenon. This serves as an excellent example for the value of utilizing contemporary scientific knowledge in order to elucidate the origin, anthropology and evolvement of ancient myth and superstition. PMID:23675050

Moran, Lia; Gilad, Jacob

2007-12-01

138

Complications of laparoscopic antireflux surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, the laparoscopic approach to antireflux surgery has been widely applied, resulting in improved early\\u000a outcomes and greater patient acceptance of surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, although short-term outcomes\\u000a are probably better overall than those following open surgery, it has become apparent that the laparoscopic approach is associated\\u000a with an increased risk of some complications, and

D. I. Watson; A. C. de Beaux

2001-01-01

139

The prevention and management of perioperative complications.  

PubMed

The most important issues in perioperative complications of oesophagectomy are prevention, early detection and appropriate management. Anastomotic leakage is the most frequent technical surgical complication. Prevention comprises avoidance of tension or impaired vascularization of the conduit and meticulous suture technique. Management includes early diagnosis, conservative treatment or endoscopic stenting of contained leakage, and re-operation of non-contained insufficiency. All other surgical complications - such as bleeding, tracheobronchial lesions or chylothorax - are rare and warrant special therapeutic modalities. The main general non-surgical complication is postoperative pneumonia, which should be prevented by effective pain control (especially peridural catheter) and appropriate techniques of artificial respiration. Special attention should be offered to postoperative tachyarrhythmias and alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Prevention of complications also includes exclusion of patients with high operative risk based on scores and specific preoperative treatment of risk factors. PMID:16997169

Hölscher, Arnulf H; Vallböhmer, Daniel; Brabender, Jan

2006-01-01

140

Complications of Tumor Ablation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Percutaneous and surgical ablation procedures are flourishing, in large part because of the relative paucity and the acceptability\\u000a of complications. However, serious and fatal complications have occurred, albeit rarely, with ablation. This chapter identifies\\u000a those complications, describes their underlying cause, and, when possible, discusses strategies to avoid them.

Lawrence Cheung; Tito Livraghi; Luigi Solbiati; Gerald D. Dodd; Eric vanSonnenberg

141

Complications of injectable fillers, part 2: vascular complications.  

PubMed

Accidental intra-arterial filler injection may cause significant tissue injury and necrosis. Hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers, currently the most popular, are the focus of this article, which highlights complications and their symptoms, risk factors, and possible treatment strategies. Although ischemic events do happen and are therefore important to discuss, they seem to be exceptionally rare and represent a small percentage of complications in individual clinical practices. However, the true incidence of this complication is unknown because of underreporting by clinicians. Typical clinical findings include skin blanching, livedo reticularis, slow capillary refill, and dusky blue-red discoloration, followed a few days later by blister formation and finally tissue slough. Mainstays of treatment (apart from avoidance by meticulous technique) are prompt recognition, immediate treatment with hyaluronidase, topical nitropaste under occlusion, oral acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), warm compresses, and vigorous massage. Secondary lines of treatment may involve intra-arterial hyaluronidase, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and ancillary vasodilating agents such as prostaglandin E1. Emergency preparedness (a "filler crash cart") is emphasized, since early intervention is likely to significantly reduce morbidity. A clinical summary chart is provided, organized by complication presentation. PMID:24692598

DeLorenzi, Claudio

2014-05-01

142

Complications in shoulder arthroscopy.  

PubMed

Shoulder arthroscopy is generally a safe and effective method for treating a wide variety of shoulder pathology. Fortunately, complications following shoulder arthroscopy are rare, with reported rates between 4.6% and 10.6%.ą?? These rates may be underestimated, as underreporting of complications and varying definitions of the term complication are likely. During shoulder arthroscopy, complications may occur at numerous points. The surgeon must be aware of potential problems and take necessary measures to prevent them. This article describes common complications after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Although failure of treatment and postoperative stiffness are undesirable outcomes, they are not described. PMID:20608603

Marecek, Geoffrey S; Saltzman, Matthew D

2010-07-01

143

Diagnostic value of an ROC curve of the size of the antepartum foramen ovale in the prediction of puerperal atrial septal defect  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of an ROC curve of the antepartum foramen ovale (AFO) size and the ratio of FO size to aorta (AO) size (FO/AO) for the prediction of puerperal atrial septal defect in different gestational weeks (DGWs). A total of 958 cases were divided into five groups according to number of gestational weeks. Comparisons of FO size, AO size and FO/AO were determined by variance analysis. The correlations between FO size, AO size and gestational age were determined using regression analysis and comparisons between atrial septal defect (ASD) diagnosed in DGWs and normal cardiac FO size and FO/AO were analyzed by t-test. ROC curve analysis was used for FO size and FO/AO to predict the demarcation point of puerperal ASD (pASD). The differences between FO size and AO size in the five groups at DGWs were statistically significant (P=0.000). The sizes of FO and AO increased with gestational age. The differences among pASD, normal cardiac FO size and FO/AO were statistically significant (P=0.000). FO size in the five DGW groups (18–22, 23–26, 27–30, 31–34 and 35–40 weeks) was able to predict the demarcation points of pASD, which were 5.02, 5.15, 6.55, 8.55 and 7.90 mm, respectively. The prediction of pASD with AFO size and FO/AO was accurate and may provide reliable reference values in the clinic.

LIU, LIN; HE, YI-HUA; LI, ZHI-AN; ZHANG, YE; GU, XIAO-YAN; HAN, JIAN-CHENG; CHEN, JIAO-YANG

2013-01-01

144

Subcutaneous immunization with inactivated bacterial components and purified protein of Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Trueperella pyogenes prevents puerperal metritis in Holstein dairy cows.  

PubMed

In this study we evaluate the efficacy of five vaccine formulations containing different combinations of proteins (FimH; leukotoxin, LKT; and pyolysin, PLO) and/or inactivated whole cells (Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium necrophorum, and Trueperella pyogenes) in preventing postpartum uterine diseases. Inactivated whole cells were produced using two genetically distinct strains of each bacterial species (E. coli, F. necrophorum, and T. pyogenes). FimH and PLO subunits were produced using recombinant protein expression, and LKT was recovered from culturing a wild F. necrophorum strain. Three subcutaneous vaccines were formulated: Vaccine 1 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells and proteins; Vaccine 2 was composed of proteins only; and Vaccine 3 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells only. Two intravaginal vaccines were formulated: Vaccine 4 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells and proteins; and Vaccine 5 was composed of PLO and LKT. To evaluate vaccine efficacy, a randomized clinical trial was conducted at a commercial dairy farm; 371 spring heifers were allocated randomly into one of six different treatments groups: control, Vaccine 1, Vaccine 2, Vaccine 3, Vaccine 4 and Vaccine 5. Late pregnant heifers assigned to one of the vaccine groups were each vaccinated twice: at 230 and 260 days of pregnancy. When vaccines were evaluated grouped as subcutaneous and intravaginal, the subcutaneous ones were found to significantly reduce the incidence of puerperal metritis. Additionally, subcutaneous vaccination significantly reduced rectal temperature at 6±1 days in milk. Reproduction was improved for cows that received subcutaneous vaccines. In general, vaccination induced a significant increase in serum IgG titers against all antigens, with subcutaneous vaccination again being more effective. In conclusion, subcutaneous vaccination with inactivated bacterial components and/or protein subunits of E. coli, F. necrophorum and T. pyogenes can prevent puerperal metritis during the first lactation of dairy cows, leading to improved reproduction. PMID:24638139

Machado, Vinícius Silva; Bicalho, Marcela Luccas de Souza; Meira Junior, Enoch Brandăo de Souza; Rossi, Rodolfo; Ribeiro, Bruno Leonardo; Lima, Svetlana; Santos, Thiago; Kussler, Arieli; Foditsch, Carla; Ganda, Erika Korzune; Oikonomou, Georgios; Cheong, Soon Hon; Gilbert, Robert Owen; Bicalho, Rodrigo Carvalho

2014-01-01

145

Cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis complicating sinusitis  

PubMed Central

Background Thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinus is a rare but serious disease that most often affects young adults and children. It is associated with significant morbidity or mortality and is often related to local infections of the head. The diagnosis is based on clinical findings and is confirmed by imaging. Case Report: We report the case of a 17-year-old male with a history of recurrent sinusitis, who presented general signs of infection, orbital symptoms, and meningeal involvement. CT and MRI showed thrombosis of the cavernous sinus associated with cerebral ischemic damage. The therapeutic management included empiric antibiotic therapy, drainage of an orbital collection, and anticoagulation. The patient died later secondary to septic shock. Conclusions: Although thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinus is increasingly rare, it remains a lethal complication of sinusitis, and mortality is still high. The course of this disease can be dramatic due to infectious or vascular neurological complications. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial.

Berdai, Adnane Mohamed; Shimi, Abdelkarim; Khatouf, Mohammed

2013-01-01

146

Instrumentation related complications in spine surgery.  

PubMed

Spinal instrumentation constructs are frequently necessary for the surgical management of patients with variable spinal pathology. However, surgical complications may appear. These should be detected early and managed to achieve recovery and good functional outcome for the patient. This article provides an in-depth analysis of the most common instrumentation-related complications of spine surgery as well as a diagnostic plan and treatment options for the management of these challenging entities once they occur. PMID:23662657

Ballas, Efstathios; Mavrogenis, Andreas F; Karamanis, Eirineos; Mimidis, George; Tolis, Konstantinos; Soultanis, Konstantinos; Papagelopoulos, Panayiotis J

2012-01-01

147

Infectious complications in neutropenic cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer patients are at risk of infectious complications due to neutropenia following chemotherapy or early post-HSCT (Hemato\\u000a Stem Cell Transplantation). The first episode of fever during recent onset neutropenia is caused mostly by bacteria, while\\u000a subsequent episodes are mainly fungal in nature. Proper management of infectious complications in neutropenic cancer patients\\u000a requires classification into the appropriate risk category and knowledge

Francesco Menichetti

2010-01-01

148

Neurological Complications of Lyme Disease  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Neurological Complications of Lyme Disease Information Page Synonym(s): Lyme Disease - Neurological Complications Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What are Neurological Complications of ...

149

Complications of hip arthroscopy.  

PubMed

Complications associated with hip arthroscopy occur between 1.6% and 5%. Fortunately, with the greater understanding of the causes and advancements in techniques and equipment, the incidence is declining. Most of the complications were transient neuropraxias and fluid extravasations resulting in no permanent damage. Severe scuffing of two femoral heads and one case of avascular necrosis were considered serious and permanent, thereby resulting in a 0.5% rate in our series for significant complications. PMID:11675890

Sampson, T G

2001-10-01

150

Nonimmune complications after transplantation.  

PubMed

As posttransplant longevity has increased, nonimmune complications related to the transplant and posttransplant course have emerged as important factors in defining long-term outcomes. The incidence of, and risk factors for these complications may vary by transplanted organ based on immunosuppressive protocols and preexisting risk factors. This article discusses the relevant nonimmune complications associated with posttransplant care, with a focus on risk factors and management strategies. PMID:20371049

Choquette, Monique; Goebel, Jens W; Campbell, Kathleen M

2010-04-01

151

PSYCHIATRIC COMPLICATIONS OF CHLOROQUINE  

PubMed Central

Sixty patients with chloroquine induced psychiatric complications are reported in the present series. Psychosis was the most common complication followed by anxiety state and seizures. The maximum number of patients were between the ages of 6 and 10 years and females (70.0%) outnumbered the males (30.0%). Headache and sleeplessness were found to be more common amongpatients developing psychiatric complications of chloroquine. The symptoms disappeared within 2 to 21 days after the discontinuation of chloroquine.

Bhatia, M.S.; Malik, S.C.

1994-01-01

152

[Complications of body piercing].  

PubMed

The trend of body piercing has grown in popularity in the past decade within the general population and especially among young adults. Complications of body piercing include local inflammation and infections, but severe complications are also possible and largely underestimated. People are usually not aware of the risks before making a piercing, and their medical history, medication and comorbidities are largely neglected by the people who realise the piercing. This article presents a review of the complications that a primary care physician may observe, for a patient who wishes to make a piercing, or presents complications due to the implementation of such a device. PMID:24734366

Friedrich, L; Madrid, C; Odman-Jaques, M; Yersin, B; Carnon, P N

2014-03-19

153

HIV and the Risk of Direct Obstetric Complications: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Women of reproductive age in parts of sub-Saharan Africa are faced both with high levels of HIV and the threat of dying from the direct complications of pregnancy. Clinicians practicing in such settings have reported a high incidence of direct obstetric complications among HIV-infected women, but the evidence supporting this is unclear. The aim of this systematic review is to establish whether HIV-infected women are at increased risk of direct obstetric complications. Methods and findings Studies comparing the frequency of obstetric haemorrhage, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, dystocia and intrauterine infections in HIV-infected and uninfected women were identified. Summary estimates of the odds ratio (OR) for the association between HIV and each obstetric complication were calculated through meta-analyses. In total, 44 studies were included providing 66 data sets; 17 on haemorrhage, 19 on hypertensive disorders, five on dystocia and 25 on intrauterine infections. Meta-analysis of the OR from studies including vaginal deliveries indicated that HIV-infected women had over three times the risk of a puerperal sepsis compared with HIV-uninfected women [pooled OR: 3.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.00–5.85]; this figure increased to nearly six amongst studies only including women who delivered by caesarean (pooled OR: 5.81, 95% CI: 2.42–13.97). For other obstetric complications the evidence was weak and inconsistent. Conclusions The higher risk of intrauterine infections in HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women may require targeted strategies involving the prophylactic use of antibiotics during labour. However, as the huge excess of pregnancy-related mortality in HIV-infected women is unlikely to be due to a higher risk of direct obstetric complications, reducing this mortality will require non obstetric interventions involving access to ART in both pregnant and non-pregnant women.

Calvert, Clara; Ronsmans, Carine

2013-01-01

154

Management of postoperative complications: general approach.  

PubMed

The goal of postoperative management is to promote early mobility and avoid postoperative complications, recognizing the potentially devastating impact of complications on elderly patients with hip fracture. The recommended approach involves early mobilization; freedom from tethers (indwelling urinary catheters and other devices); effective pain control; treating malnutrition; preventing pressure ulcers; reducing risk for pulmonary, urinary, and wound infections; and managing cognition. This carefully structured and patient-centered management provides older, vulnerable patients their best chance of returning to their previous level of functioning as quickly and safety as possible. PMID:24721365

Sanguineti, V Ana; Wild, Jason R; Fain, Mindy J

2014-05-01

155

Complications of endoscopic neurosurgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neuroendoscopy is rapidly becoming an essential part of the neurosurgeon's repertoire. Currently, very few studies have identified the complications of this new technique, yet many have warned of the steep learning curve associated with its practice. We have reviewed the last 173 neuroendoscopic procedures performed by one surgeon and identified two distinct groups of complications: those that have clinically significant

Charles Teo; Salim Rahman; Frederick A. Boop; Bruce Cherny

1996-01-01

156

Pneumomediastinum complicating pregnancy.  

PubMed

Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema is a rare complication of the second stage of labor. Although this entity runs a benign course, fatalities have been reported. Clinical findings of subcutaneous emphysema necessitate a chest X-ray to document pneumomediastinum. If pneumomediastinum is present, rapid delivery via elective forceps or even surgery may be considered to prevent serious complications. PMID:1167973

Bard, R; Hassini, N

1975-01-01

157

Complications of rhinoplasty.  

PubMed

Rhinoplasty presents a unique set of challenges for the cosmetic surgeon. Complications may arise from inadequate diagnosis, errors in surgical technique, or variations in the patient's anatomy or healing response. Complications as a result of overly aggressive surgery may also have functional consequences and be harder to correct. PMID:19185797

Harsha, Brian C

2009-02-01

158

Complications of dynamic graciloplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Dynamic graciloplasty can improve continence in patients with severe refractory fecal incontinence, but associated morbidity is high. The purpose of this study was to identify complications associated with dynamic graciloplasty and to characterize their treatment and impact on patient outcome. METHODS: In 121 patients enrolled in a prospective trial of 20 centers and eligible for safety analysis, all complications

Klaus E. Matzel; Robert D. Madoff; Laura J. LaFontaine; Cor G. M. I. Baeten; W. Donald Buie; John Christiansen; Steven Wexner

2001-01-01

159

Gastrointestinal complications of diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus affects virtually every organ system in the body and the degree of organ involvement depends on the duration and severity of the disease, and other co-morbidities. Gastrointestinal (GI) involvement can present with esophageal dysmotility, gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastroparesis, enteropathy, non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and glycogenic hepatopathy. Severity of GERD is inversely related to glycemic control and management is with prokinetics and proton pump inhibitors. Diabetic gastroparesis manifests as early satiety, bloating, vomiting, abdominal pain and erratic glycemic control. Gastric emptying scintigraphy is considered the gold standard test for diagnosis. Management includes dietary modifications, maintaining euglycemia, prokinetics, endoscopic and surgical treatments. Diabetic enteropathy is also common and management involves glycemic control and symptomatic measures. NAFLD is considered a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome and treatment is mainly lifestyle measures, with diabetes and dyslipidemia management when coexistent. Glycogenic hepatopathy is a manifestation of poorly controlled type 1 diabetes and is managed by prompt insulin treatment. Though GI complications of diabetes are relatively common, awareness about its manifestations and treatment options are low among physicians. Optimal management of GI complications is important for appropriate metabolic control of diabetes and improvement in quality of life of the patient. This review is an update on the GI complications of diabetes, their pathophysiology, diagnostic evaluation and management. PMID:23772273

Krishnan, Babu; Babu, Shithu; Walker, Jessica; Walker, Adrian B; Pappachan, Joseph M

2013-06-15

160

[Stomatologic complications of eating disorders].  

PubMed

Since the 1990s numerous international experts have reported about the somatic complications of eating disorders including those having a dental and stomatological nature. Several reports emphasised that deformations in the oral cavity resulting from this grave nutritional disease typical of the young generation could already appear in the early stage and, therefore, dentists are among the first to diagnose them. Dentists are still often unaware of the importance of their role in multidisciplinary treatment. Even if they knew what the disease was about and recognised it on the basis of deformations in the oral cavity in time, their advice that their patients should brush their teeth more often would fail to eliminate the root cause of the problem. Not only the earliest possible treatment of the complications of the bingeing-purging mechanism and the maintenance of oral hygiene are important, but controlling and curing pathological habits with active participation of psychiatrists are also required to ensure full recovery. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of the disease, manifold communication is required. For this reason, publishing the dental ramifications of organic and systemic diseases at dental conferences and in technical journals, as well as providing information about oral complications of eating disorders for general practitioners and specialists are particularly important. PMID:23123325

Resch, Mária; Nagy, Agnes

2012-11-11

161

Complications in implant dentistry.  

PubMed

The mainstream use of dental implants has allowed millions of patients to benefit from the predictability of dental implant therapy and, in many instances, dental implants have become the standard of care. Even though success rates in implant dentistry are well above 90 percent, complications do occur. Most complications are preventable with proper planning and execution. Others are inherent to the risks of surgery and may require intervention. The purpose of this paper is to classify the possible complications that may occur and to discuss their prevention and management. PMID:24881442

Pi-Anfruns, Joan

2014-01-01

162

Abdominal complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.  

PubMed

Abdominal complications affect more than 80% of patients who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for treatment of benign or malignant hematologic disease and some solid tumors. HSCT can be performed using cells from bone marrow, peripheral blood, or umbilical cord blood. These stem cells may be from the patient him- or herself (autologous transplant), from relatives or nonrelatives with very similar human leukocyte antigen (allogeneic transplant), or from an identical twin (syngeneic transplant). Posttransplantation complications are classified according to the amount of time elapsed between transplantation and onset. Complications that occur during the first 100 days are divided into preengraftment phase complications (?30 days after transplantation) and early posttransplantation phase complications (31-100 days after transplantation) and include infectious and noninfectious conditions such as hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), hemorrhagic cystitis, neutropenic colitis, benign pneumatosis, and acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Hepatic VOD, neutropenic colitis, and acute hemorrhagic cystitis are associated with the pretransplantation conditioning regimen. After the first 100 days, chronic GVHD and lymphoproliferative disease are the main complications. Computed tomography and ultrasonography are the primary imaging techniques used in HSCT patients and can help make an early diagnosis, grade the severity of impact, and (if necessary) recommend further investigations to confirm the diagnosis. PMID:24617687

del Campo, Lourdes; León, Nieves Gómez; Palacios, Diana Castańo; Lagana, Claudio; Tagarro, David

2014-01-01

163

Postoperative surgical complications of lymphadenohysterocolpectomy  

PubMed Central

Rationale The current standard surgical treatment for the cervix and uterine cancer is the radical hysterectomy (lymphadenohysterocolpectomy). This has the risk of intraoperative accidents and postoperative associated morbidity. Objective The purpose of this article is the evaluation and quantification of the associated complications in comparison to the postoperative morbidity which resulted after different types of radical hysterectomy. Methods and results Patients were divided according to the type of surgery performed as follows: for cervical cancer – group A- 37 classic radical hysterectomies Class III Piver - Rutledge -Smith ( PRS ), group B -208 modified radical hysterectomies Class II PRS and for uterine cancer- group C -79 extended hysterectomies with pelvic lymphadenectomy from which 17 patients with paraaortic lymphnode biopsy . All patients performed preoperative radiotherapy and 88 of them associated radiosensitization. Discussion Early complications were intra-abdominal bleeding ( 2.7% Class III PRS vs 0.48% Class II PRS), supra-aponeurotic hematoma ( 5.4% III vs 2.4% II) , dynamic ileus (2.7% III vs 0.96% II) and uro - genital fistulas (5.4% III vs 0.96% II).The late complications were the bladder dysfunction (21.6% III vs 16.35% II) , lower limb lymphedema (13.5% III vs 11.5% II), urethral strictures (10.8% III vs 4.8% II) , incisional hernias ( 8.1% III vs 7.2% II), persistent pelvic pain (18.91% III vs 7.7% II), bowel obstruction (5.4% III vs 1.4% II) and deterioration of sexual function (83.3% III vs 53.8% II). PRS class II radical hysterectomy is associated with fewer complications than PRS class III radical hysterectomy , except for the complications of lymphadenectomy . A new method that might reduce these complications is a selective lymphadenectomy represented by sentinel node biopsy . In conclusion PRS class II radical hysterectomy associated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy is a therapeutic option for the incipient stages of cervical cancer. Abbreviations: PRS- Piver Rutledge-Smith, II- class II, III- class III

Marin, F; Plesca, M; Bordea, CI; Voinea, SC; Burlanescu, I; Ichim, E; Jianu, CG; Nicolaescu, RR; Teodosie, MP; Maher, K; Blidaru, A

2014-01-01

164

Epigenetics of diabetic complications  

PubMed Central

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are complex diseases associated with multiple complications, and both genetic and environmental factors have been implicated in these pathologies. While numerous studies have provided a wealth of knowledge regarding the genetics of diabetes, the mechanistic pathways leading to diabetes and its complications remain only partly understood. Studying the role of epigenetics in diabetic complications can provide valuable new insights to clarify the interplay between genes and the environment. DNA methylation and histone modifications in nuclear chromatin can generate epigenetic information as another layer of gene transcriptional regulation sensitive to environmental signals. Recent evidence shows that key biochemical pathways and epigenetic chromatin histone methylation patterns are altered in target cells under diabetic conditions and might also be involved in the metabolic memory phenomenon noted in clinical trials and animal studies. New therapeutic targets and treatment options could be uncovered from an in-depth study of the epigenetic mechanisms that might perpetuate diabetic complications despite glycemic control.

Villeneuve, Louisa M; Natarajan, Rama

2013-01-01

165

Systemic Amyloidosis Complicating Dermatoses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Certain dermatoses may be complicated by systemic amyloidosis. The underlying disorders in eight of 100 patients with secondary systemic amyloidosis studied at autopsy were: hidradenitis suppurativa, stasis ulcers, psoriatic arthritis, basal cell carcinom...

M. H. Brownstein E. B. Helwig

1970-01-01

166

Complications of circumcision.  

PubMed

In the United States, circumcision is a commonly performed procedure. It is a relatively safe procedure with a low overall complication rate. Most complications are minor and can be managed easily. Though uncommon, complications of circumcision do represent a significant percentage of cases seen by pediatric urologists. Often they require surgical correction that results in a significant cost to the health care system. Severe complications are quite rare, but death has been reported as a result in some cases. A thorough and complete preoperative evaluation, focusing on bleeding history and birth history, is imperative. Proper selection of patients based on age and anatomic considerations as well as proper sterile surgical technique are critical to prevent future circumcision-related adverse events. PMID:22235177

Krill, Aaron J; Palmer, Lane S; Palmer, Jeffrey S

2011-01-01

167

Infection and Other Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... ALL current lymph- edema treatment modalities (including manual lymphatic drainage, bandaging, and compression garments). The antibiotics of ... complications, but in rare situations a form of lymphatic cancer called lymphangiosarcoma may develop. Symptoms include a ...

168

Complications of Measles (Rubeola)  

MedlinePLUS

... measles complications in more depth. Top of Page SSPE (subacute sclerosing panencephalitis) SSPE is a very rare, but fatal degenerative ... not have a history of measles. References for SSPE Barrero PR, Grippo J, Viegas M, Mistchenko AS. ...

169

[Complications of liposuction].  

PubMed

Liposuction is the most frequent aesthetic procedure worldwide for adipose tissue reduction and treatment of lipedema. It is being employed with increasing frequency. In 2010, in the USA more than 200.000 liposuctions were performed. Apart from aesthetic indications, liposuction also is suitable for treatment of benign adipose tissue diseases. This intervention is not a simple procedure but requires extensive knowledge and experience to prevent irreversible medical or aesthetic complications. Severe complications including necrotizing fasciitis, toxic shock syndrome, hemorrhage, perforation of inner organs und pulmonary embolism - some even with lethal outcome - occasionally have been reported. These complications were mostly due to inadequate hygiene measures, inappropriate patient selection, use of excessive local anesthesia during mega-liposuction (tumescent technique) and inadequate post-operative surveillance. The complication rate usually reflects a lack of medical experience as well as technical inadequacies. PMID:23494094

Sattler, G; Eichner, S

2013-03-01

170

Complications of shoulder dystocia.  

PubMed

Complications of shoulder dystocia are divided into fetal and maternal. Fetal brachial plexus injury (BPI) is the most common fetal complication occurring in 4-40% of cases. BPI has also been reported in abdominal deliveries and in deliveries not complicated by shoulder dystocia. Fractures of the fetal humerus and clavicle occur in about 10.6% of cases of shoulder dystocia and usually heal with no sequel. Hypoxic ischemic brain injury is reported in 0.5-23% of cases of shoulder dystocia. The risk correlates with the duration of head-to-body delivery and is especially increased when the duration is >5min. Fetal death is rare and is reported in 0.4% of cases. Maternal complications of shoulder dystocia include post-partum hemorrhage, vaginal lacerations, anal tears, and uterine rupture. The psychological stress impact of shoulder dystocia is under-recognized and deserves counseling prior to home discharge. PMID:24863025

Dajani, Nafisa K; Magann, Everett F

2014-06-01

171

Neurologic Complications of Leukemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leukemia affects both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Neurological complications are a consequence of both direct\\u000a leukemic infiltration, as occurs with leukemic meningitis, and complications of either antileukemic treatment (e.g., thrombocytopenic\\u000a or DIC-related intracranial hemorrhage, steroid myopathy, vinca alkaloid peripheral neuropathy, posterior reversible encephalopathy\\u000a syndrome, multifocal necrotizing leuko-encephalopathy) or immune compromise (e.g., Herpes zoster shingles or Aspergillus infection).

Marc C. Chamberlain

172

Endometrial ablation: postoperative complications.  

PubMed

Endometrial ablation as a treatment for abnormal uterine bleeding has evolved considerably over the past several decades. Postoperative complications include the following: (1) pregnancy after endometrial ablation; (2) pain-related obstructed menses (hematometra, postablation tubal sterilization syndrome); (3) failure to control menses (repeat ablation, hysterectomy); (4) risk from preexisting conditions (endometrial neoplasia, cesarean section); and (5) infection. Physicians performing endometrial ablation should be aware of postoperative complications and be able to diagnose and provide treatment for these conditions. PMID:22541856

Sharp, Howard T

2012-10-01

173

On complicity theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The received account of whistleblowing, developed over the last quarter century, is identified with the work of Norman Bowie\\u000a and Richard DeGeorge. Michael Davis has detailed three anomalies for the received view: the paradoxes of burden, missing harm\\u000a and failure. In addition, he has proposed an alternative account of whistleblowing, viz., the Complicity Theory. This paper\\u000a examines the Complicity Theory.

A. David Kline

2006-01-01

174

On complicity theory.  

PubMed

The received account of whistleblowing, developed over the last quarter century, is identified with the work of Norman Bowie and Richard DeGeorge. Michael Davis has detailed three anomalies for the received view: the paradoxes of burden, missing harm and failure. In addition, he has proposed an alternative account of whistleblowing, viz., the Complicity Theory. This paper examines the Complicity Theory. The supposed anomalies rest on misunderstandings of the received view or misreadings of model cases of whistleblowing, for example, the Challenger disaster and the Ford Pinto. Nevertheless, the Complicity Theory is important for as in science the contrast with alternative competing accounts often helps us better understand the received view. Several aspects of the received view are reviewed and strengthened through comparison with Complicity Theory, including why whistleblowing needs moral justification. Complicity Theory is also critiqued. The fundamental failure of Complicity Theory is its failure to explain why government and the public encourage and protect whistleblowers despite the possibility of considerable harm to the relevant company in reputation, lost jobs, and lost shareholder value. PMID:16609713

Kline, A David

2006-04-01

175

[Type 2 diabetes complications].  

PubMed

People with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of many complications, which are mainly due to complex and interconnected mechanisms such as hyperglycemia, insulino-resistance, low-grade inflammation and accelerated atherogenesis. Cardi-cerebrovascular disease are frequently associated to type 2 diabetes and may become life threatening, particularly coronaropathy, stroke and heart failure. Their clinical picture are sometimes atypical and silencious for a long time. Type 2 diabetes must be considered as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Nephropathy is frequent in type 2 diabetes but has a mixed origin. Now it is the highest cause of end-stage renal disease. Better metabolic and blood pressure control and an improved management of microalbuminuria are able to slowdown the course of the disease. Retinopathy which is paradoxically slightly progressive must however be screened and treated in these rather old patients which are globally at high ophthalmologic risk. Diabetic foot is a severe complication secondary to microangiopathy, microangiopathy and neuropathy. It may be considered as a super-complication of several complications. Its screening must be done on a routine basis. Some cancer may be considered as an emerging complication of type 2 diabetes as well as cognitive decline, sleep apnea syndrome, mood disorders and bone metabolism impairments. Most of the type 2 diabetes complications may be prevented by a strategy combining a systematic screening and multi-interventional therapies. PMID:23528336

Schlienger, Jean-Louis

2013-05-01

176

Polymorphisms of the ApoE, HSD3B1, IL-1beta and p53 genes are associated with the development of early uremic complications in diabetic patients: results of a DNA resequencing array study.  

PubMed

Genetic polymorphisms of the genes involved in angiogenesis, the inflammatory cascade or apoptosis control can influence the chronic complications of diabetic patients. Parallel evaluation of multiple genetic polymorphisms became available with the development of DNA resequencing arrays. We aimed to develop a 16-gene, 18,859-nucleotide resequencing array to analyze the genetic background of uremic and gastrointestinal complications. DNA was isolated from 10 ml of peripheral blood of 41 non-uremic and 37 uremic patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM); 32 suffering from gastric erosion complications. An Affymetrix Customseq Resequencing array was developed containing a total of 37 PCR products of selected genes. Confirmatory analysis was performed for 5 known polymorphisms by RFLP and for 4 others by capillary sequencing. Statistical analysis was performed using the Fisher's exact test. Correlations between the DNA resequencing array and the confirmatory methods were 96% for RFLP and 99.4% for capillary sequencing. The genetic polymorphisms of the ApoE, HSD3B1, IL-1beta and p53 genes were found to be significantly different (p<0.05) between the uremic and non-uremic diabetes group. In regards to the gastric erosion complications of the diabetic uremic patients, the A17708T polymorphism of the p53 intron 10 was found to have a statistically significant (p<0.05) role. In conclusion, DNA sequencing arrays can contribute to a multiparameter genetic analysis yielding highly correlating results using a single method in patients suffering type II DM. PMID:19148546

Szoke, Dominika; Molnar, Bela; Solymosi, Norbert; Racz, Karoly; Gergics, Peter; Blasko, Bernadett; Vasarhelyi, Barna; Vannay, Adam; Mandy, Yvette; Klausz, Gergely; Gyulai, Zsofia; Galamb, Orsolya; Spisak, Sandor; Hutkai, Bernadett; Somogyi, Aniko; Berta, Klara; Szabo, Andras; Tulassay, Tivadar; Tulassay, Zsolt

2009-02-01

177

Complications of infective endocarditis.  

PubMed

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a lethal disease if not promptly treated with antibiotics, either in association with surgery or not. The incidence of disease has not decreased over the last decades due to the change of risk conditions. Complications of IE may involve cardiac structures when the infection spreads within the heart, or extra cardiac ones when the cause is usually from embolic origin; they may also be due to medical treatment or to the septic condition itself. A variety of complications may occur in most of patients. The literature reports one complication of IE in 57%, two in 26% and three or more in about 14% of patients examined. The frequency of specific complications depends on variables as the infecting pathogen, duration of disease before therapy and type of treatment. However it is often difficult to assess the true incidence of complications because the published reviews in literature are frequently based on retrospective chart reviews and different diagnostic criteria are used. The decision over either indication or timing of surgery should be individualized and based on a multidisciplinary approach involving at least cardiologists and cardiac surgeons. Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the most important complication of IE, which has the greatest impact on prognosis. Periannular abscesses are a relatively common complication of IE (42% to 85% of cases during surgery or at autopsy respectively), associated with a higher morbidity and mortality. Systemic embolization occurs in 22% to 50% of cases; emboli may involve major arteries, mostly affecting the central nervous system, but also other organs. Splenic abscess is a rare complication of IE, due to direct seeding of spleen by an embolus or bacterial seeding of a bland infarction. Neurological complications develop in 20% to 40% of patients with IE and represent a dangerous subset of complications. Mycotic aneurysms are rare, resulting from diffusion of infection to the vessel wall. Actually the clinical profile, the best treatment (medical or surgical approach) and outcome of complicated IE are not well defined. Changing trends in aetiology of IE with emerging infections from Staphylococci, bacteria of the HACEK group and Fungi have resulted in an increased frequency of culture negative IE. Sepsis or persistent fever despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy, recurrent emboli, heart failure or new pathologic murmurs suggest haemodynamic impairment and/or infection extending beyond the valve leaflet or prosthetic valvular annulus. The course of the disease will consequently get worse with an increasing need of surgery. Patients who develop abscesses are more likely to undergo surgery than those who do not (84-91% vs 36%), and also their in-hospital mortality rate is higher (19% vs 11%). A prompt detection of complications often allows an earlier surgical treatment which represents the best way to improve the outcome. The introduction of molecular methods techniques has increased the ability to identify the causal agents of IE, mostly in cases of culture negative endocarditis. Echocardiography, mainly from transesophageal (TEE) approach, has significantly improved the evaluation of IE allowing to detect the specific signs of the disease as vegetations, abscesses, valve insufficiency, prosthetic valve dehiscence, fistulas. In our 3rd referral Hospital (Lancisi Heart Hospital, Ancona, Italy) we performed a follow-up (mean 8.26 years) of 15 patients with periannular complications associated with IE. The long term follow-up showed low mortality rate, high incidence of reintervention, improved New York Heart Association (NYHA) class in survivors and no changes of the lesions at the echocardiographic examination, suggesting that periannular complications have not significantly influenced the overall survival in our patients at the follow-up. PMID:19751182

Mocchegiani, R; Nataloni, M

2009-12-01

178

Splenic injury complicating ERCP  

PubMed Central

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an invasive procedure which carries a complication rate of 5-10%. Splenic injury is a very rare and potentially lethal complication following ERCP. We report a case of a 64-year-old man with a mass at the pancreatic head and obstructive jaundice, who sustained a splenic injury following ERCP. Six hours after the procedure, the patient presented with epigastric pain and hypotension. The abdominal CT scan revealed splenic hematoma. He was offered surgical treatment. Splenectomy was performed with enterogastrostomy.

Grammatopoulos, Anastasios; Moschou, Maria; Rigopoulou, Efrossyni; Katsoras, George

2014-01-01

179

An early increase in serum levels of C-reactive protein is an independent risk factor for the occurrence of major complications and 100-day transplant-related mortality after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We monitored levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in 96 consecutive adult allogeneic BMT patients (age 15–50 years) transplanted in our unit. Major transplant-related complications (MTC) occurred in 32% of cases and included: hepatic veno-occlusive disease, pneumonitis, severe endothelial leakage syndrome and >II acute GVHD. Transplant-related mortality (TRM) before day 100 post-BMT was 13.5%. Variables included in a stepwise logistic regression

R Schots; I Van Riet; T Ben Othman; F Trullemans; M De Waele; B Van Camp; L Kaufman

2002-01-01

180

Severe hemorrhagic complications in pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Severe bleeding may complicate the course of either acute or chronic pancreatitis, the latter being more frequently involved. Pseudocysts, severe inflammation, regional necrosis and infection may cause major vessel erosion with or without pseudoaneurysm formation which eventually may result in severe bleeding into the gastrointestinal tract, retroperitoneum and peritoneal cavity. The AA report their experience on 8 cases and analyze the data of a comprehensive review of 389 cases of massive bleeding reported in the literature during the last 100 years until December 1993. Mortality rate seems to be related to the etiology of the bleeding along with its localization and the underlying anatomo-pathologic findings. In patients with chronic pancreatitis it is 22% while in patients with acute pancreatitis or chronic pancreatitis with acute exacerbation it is 60.4% and 57.1% respectively. Splenic, gastroduodenal and superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries are the most commonly involved vessels being associated respectively with a mortality rate of 20.5%, 27.9% and 46.1%. Massive haemorrhage complicating infected necrosis or abscesses implies a worse prognosis when compared to severe bleeding associated with pseudocyst with or without pseudoaneurysm. The increasing use of diagnostic and interventional radiology appears to be the way forward to improve survival rates. Awareness of high risk predisposing condition, activism in achieving an early identification of the bleeding sources, and eventually its angiographic control are essential guidelines for successful approach to the most unpredictable complication of pancreatitis. When embolization fails or is followed by recurrence of hemorrhage, definitive surgical procedures should be immediately instituted. PMID:7668500

Flati, G; Salvatori, F; Porowska, B; Talarico, C; Flati, D; Proposito, D; Talarico, E; Carboni, M

1995-01-01

181

Cardiovascular complications of parenteral nutrition.  

PubMed Central

During a 3 year period, 1987-1989, we encountered three major complications associated with parenteral nutrition leading to congestive cardiac failure--acute beriberi, right atrial and superior vena caval thrombosis, and fungal endocarditis. Unrecognized, these are invariably fatal. Persistent vomiting from intestinal obstruction led to the development of thiamine deficiency in the patient with beriberi. Recurrent catheter tip sepsis probably accounted for thrombosis and endocarditis in the second and third cases, respectively. These conditions are preventable with careful attention to nutritional replenishment and aseptic technique. In patients with catheter-related sepsis early, repeated blood culture is of diagnostic value. Patients with Staphylococcus aureus catheter-associated bacteraemia require at least 4 weeks of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Recurrent sepsis, especially when associated with pulmonary embolic phenomena, is an indication for echocardiography. Images Figure 1 Figure 2

Naidoo, D. P.; Singh, B.; Haffejee, A.

1992-01-01

182

Audit on complicated diverticular disease.  

PubMed Central

Seventy-three patients were seen between 1970 and 1983 with complicated diverticular disease. There were only six hospital deaths (8%). Two out of 7 patients with faecal peritonitis died, 2 of 27 patients with purulent peritonitis died and there was one death each associated with an inflammatory mass and a peridiverticular abscess. Five of the six hospital deaths were from cardiorespiratory disease and only one was from sepsis. Three of the early deaths were in patients who were receiving steroid therapy. There were three late deaths: one from uncontrolled sepsis, one an anaesthetic death from coronary occlusion during revision of a Hartmann operation and the third was an incidental myocardial infarction. A very conservative surgical policy was adopted, primary resection only being used for an inflammatory mass and selectively for fistula and local purulent disease. Despite our apparent low hospital mortality there was a high incidence of complication; wound sepsis 29%, fistula after colostomy closure 12% and anastomotic dehiscence after primary or secondary reconstruction 12%. These findings indicate the need for a prospective audit which is now in progress.

Shephard, A. A.; Keighley, M. R.

1986-01-01

183

Vascular Injury Complicating Lumbar Disc Surgery. A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: to review the literature concerning the early and late vascular complications of lumbar disc surgery.Methods: using the MEDLINE database, we reviewed all reports of vascular complications associated with surgical excision of a prolapsed disc via a posterior approach reported in the English literature since 1965.Results: we identified 98 cases of vascular complications for an incidence of 1–5 in 10000

S. Papadoulas; D. Konstantinou; H. P. Kourea; N. Kritikos; N. Haftouras; J. A. Tsolakis

2002-01-01

184

Activity of alkaline phosphatase, acidic phosphatase and nonspecific esterase in the oviducts of puerperal ewes after exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine the alkaline, acidic phosphatase and nonspecific este - rase activity in the epithelial cells of oviducts after exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at the time of puerperium. PCBs were administered in the last days of pregnancy and during early puerperium. Animals in the experimental group were exposed to Delor 105 at a

I. Valocky; J. Legath; L. Lenhardt; G. Lazar; F. Novotny

185

Treatment of complicated grief  

PubMed Central

Following the death of a loved one, a small group of grievers develop an abnormal grieving style, termed complicated or prolonged grief. In the effort to establish complicated grief as a disorder in DSM and ICD, several attempts have been made over the past two decades to establish symptom criteria for this form of grieving. Complicated grief is different from depression and PTSD yet often comorbid with other psychological disorders. Meta-analyses of grief interventions show small to medium effect sizes, with only few studies yielding large effect sizes. In this article, an integrative cognitive behavioral treatment manual for complicated grief disorder (CG-CBT) of 25 individual sessions is described. Three treatment phases, each entailing several treatment strategies, allow patients to stabilize, explore, and confront the most painful aspects of the loss, and finally to integrate and transform their grief. Core aspects are cognitive restructuring and confrontation. Special attention is given to practical exercises. This article includes the case report of a woman whose daughter committed suicide.

Rosner, Rita; Pfoh, Gabriele; Kotoucova, Michaela

2011-01-01

186

Neurological Complications of Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the preferred treatment for an expanding range of neoplastic and nonmalignant conditions. Increasing numbers of solid organ transplantations (SOTs) add an additional population of immunosuppressed patients with multiple potential neurological problems. While the spectrum of neurological complications varies with conditioning procedure and hematopoietic cell or solid organ source, major neurological complications occur with all transplantation procedures. This 2 part review emphasizes a practical consultative approach to central and peripheral nervous system problems related to HCT or SOT with clinical and neuroimaging examples from the authors’ institutional experience with the following conditions: the diversity of manifestations of common infections such as varicella zoster virus, Aspergillus, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), drug therapy-related complications, stroke mechanisms, the spectrum of graft versus host disease (GVHD), and neurologically important syndromes of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), and posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). These complications preferentially occur at specific intervals after HCT and SOT, and neurological consultants must recognize an extensive spectrum of syndromes in order to effect timely diagnosis and expedite appropriate treatment.

Pruitt, Amy A.; Graus, Francesc; Rosenfeld, Myrna R.

2013-01-01

187

Pharmacological management of hemodynamic complications following spinal cord injury.  

PubMed

Damage from spinal cord injury (SCI) may be complicated by concomitant hemodynamic alterations within hours to months of the initial insult. Neurogenic shock, symptomatic bradycardia, autonomic dysreflexia, and orthostatic hypotension are specific conditions occurring commonly with SCI. Early recognition and appropriate management of each disorder may minimize secondary injury to the cord, avert systemic complications, and help alleviate patient discomfort. PMID:19472960

McMahon, Deanna; Tutt, Matthew; Cook, Aaron M

2009-05-01

188

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Endocarditis in Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Rare Complication  

PubMed Central

Infectious endocarditis is a rarely encountered complication among leukemia patient during induction therapy. We describe a young patient who developed prolonged high fever after aggressive chemotherapy for Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Pseudomonas Aeruginosa endocarditis was found to be the etiology for the febrile state. Our purpose is to emphasize the need for an early diagnosis of this rare, albeit treatable complication.

J, Barshay; A, Nemets; A, Ducach; G, Lugassy

2008-01-01

189

Complications of carbon dioxide laser resurfacing and their prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carbon dioxide laser resurfacing has gained widespread acceptance. Although advances in laser technology have greatly improved this technique and minimized operator error, adverse outcomes and complications still occur. Many of these complications can be readily avoided. In our series of 1925 patients, undesirable outcomes occurred mainly in the early stages of our experience and could be attributed to poor preoperative

Cynthia Weinstein; Jason N. Pozner; Oscar M. Ramirez

1997-01-01

190

Manual of Operations (Full Scale Clinical Trial, Phase III) for the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major objective of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) is to compare the effects of two treatment regimens designed to produce different levels of metabolic control on the clinical course of early vascular complications in persons with...

1993-01-01

191

[Amniotic fluid embolism: report of the successful outcome of a case with inaugural cardiac arrest and early DIVC complicated by hemoperitoneum of iatrogen origin and bleeding of an hepatic adenoma].  

PubMed

Amniotic fluid embolism is a relatively rare clinical entity and with difficult medical recognition. However, it is the second leading cause of maternal mortality. We report here the case of a 32-year-old patient who underwent elective caesarean section complicated by an amniotic fluid embolism with cardiac arrest. The presence of a major disseminated intravascular coagulation favored the occurrence of a retroperitoneal hematoma of iatrogenic origin on attempt of femoral venous catheterization and that of hemoperitoneum on bleeding of an hepatic adenoma. The diagnostic of amniotic fluid embolism was confirmed by the presence of amniotic cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage. The patient survived without sequelae. PMID:22925937

Falzone, E; Ricard, J-D; Pachy, F; Mandelbrot, L; Keďta, H

2012-10-01

192

[Complications of silicone oil tamponade].  

PubMed

Silicone oil tamponade is used for the management of complicated retinal detachment. Patients should be closely monitored as many complications may occur with intraocular silicone oil. Short-term complications include temporarily increased intraocular pressure and anterior segment inflammation. Long-term complications include cataract, emulsification, ocular hyper- or hypotension, keratopathy and retinal redetachment associated with proliferative vitreoretinopathy. PMID:24559527

Baillif, S; Gastaud, P

2014-03-01

193

Major orbital complications of endoscopic sinus surgery  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—The paranasal sinuses are intimately related to the orbit and consequently sinus disease or surgery may cause severe orbital complications. Complications are rare but can result in serious morbidity, the most devastating of which is severe visual loss.?METHODS—A retrospective review was undertaken of four cases of severe orbital trauma during endoscopic sinus surgery.?RESULTS—All the cases suffered medial rectus damage, one had additional injury to the inferior rectus and oblique, and two patients were blinded as a result of direct damage to the optic nerve or its blood supply.?CONCLUSION—Some ophthalmic complications of endoscopic sinus surgery are highlighted, the mechanisms responsible are discussed, and recommendations for prevention, early recognition, and management are proposed. ??

Rene, C; Rose, G; Lenthall, R; Moseley, I

2001-01-01

194

[Complications of hypospadias repairs].  

PubMed

Hypospadias is the most common congenital abnormality of the lower urinary tract affecting one of 300 male newborns. More than 300 different surgical hypospadias repair techniques have been described. Currently, tubularized incised plate and meatal advancement and glansplasty integrated repair are the preferred techniques for distal hypospadias, whereas two-staged procedures are most frequently used in proximal forms. Success rates are high in the hands of dedicated surgeons, although studies on long-term results are sparse. The most frequent complications of hypospadias repairs include urethrocutaneous fistulas, meatal stenosis, and urethral strictures. Urological follow-up into puberty is warranted, as well as further studies with standardized reporting of long-term results and complications. PMID:25023236

Soave, A; Riechardt, S; Engel, O; Rink, M; Fisch, M

2014-07-01

195

Drug complications in outpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Outpatient drug complications have not been well studied. We sought to assess the incidence and characteristics of outpatient\\u000a drug complications, identify their clinical and nonclinical correlates, and evaluate their impact on patient satisfaction.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Retrospective chart reviews and patient surveys.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a SETTING: Eleven Boston-area ambulatory clinics.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a PATIENTS: We randomly selected 2,248 outpatients, 20 to 75 years old.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN

Tejal K. Gandhi; Helen R. Burstin; E. Francis Cook; Ann L. Puopolo; Jennifer S. Haas; Troyen A. Brennan; David W. Bates

2000-01-01

196

Pregnancy Complications: Placental Abruption  

MedlinePLUS

... baby is at higher risk for: Growth problems Premature birth – birth that happens too early, before 37 weeks ... abruption is related to about 1 in 10 premature births (10 percent). Premature babies (born before 37 weeks ...

197

Complications of Cholestasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to recognize the complications of cholestasis in patients with chronic cholestatic liver disease because of\\u000a their prevalence and their pre- and post-transplant implications. Understanding and treating these conditions can result in\\u000a a significant impact on morbidity and quality of life in this group of patients. Most of what is known is based on small studies\\u000a of patients

Abhitabh Patil; Marlyn J. Mayo

198

Neuromuscular complications in HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV affects many organs of the body, including the nervous system. As a result, a series of neurologic complications have\\u000a created challenges for scientists and clinicians alike. Among these, HIV-associated neuropathy and myopathy may occur at all\\u000a stages of the disease process. Of the neuropathies, distal symmetrical polyneuropathy is the most common form. The pathogenesis\\u000a of primary HIV neuropathy is

Susama Verma; Elena Micsa; Lydia Estanislao; David Simpson

2004-01-01

199

Neurologic complications of diabetes.  

PubMed

Neuropathy as a complication of diabetes is common and presents in a wide variety of clinical scenarios. Often the work-up is one of exclusion tempered with monitoring the response of symptoms to treatment options. The collaboration of a neurologist is often crucial to determining the best course of action for the patient. This review will address proposed pathogenic mechanisms and potential therapeutic interventions, both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic. PMID:24817097

Charnogursky, Gerald A; Emanuele, Nicholas V; Emanuele, Mary Ann

2014-07-01

200

Fistulas complicating diverticulitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to assess the appropriate management of patients with diverticulitis complicated by fistula formation.\\u000a A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients with symptoms of a fistula who presented between 1975 to 1995. There\\u000a were 42 patients (32 women, 76%; 10 men, 24%) who ranged in age from 46 to 89 years (mean 69.8±9.8). Six patients had

C.-A. Vasilevsky; P. Belliveau; J. L. Trudel; B. L. Stein; P. H. Gordon

1998-01-01

201

Pleuropulmonary complications of pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Pancreatitis, in common with many other upper abdominal diseases, often leads to pleuropulmonary complications. Radiological evidence of pleuropulmonary abnormality was found in 55% of 58 cases examined retrospectively. The majority of such abnormalities are not specific for pancreatitis; but a particular category of pleural effusions, rich in pancreatic enzymes, is a notable exception. A patient with this type of effusion, complicated by a spontaneous bronchopleural fistula and then by an empyema, is reported. The literature relating to pancreatic enzyme-rich pleural effusions (pathognomonic of pancreatitis) is reviewed. Of several possible mechanisms involved in pathogenesis, transdiaphragmatic lymphatic transfer of pancreatic enzymes, intrapleural rupture of mediastinal extensions of pseudocysts, and diaphragmatic perforation are the most important. The measurement of pleural fluid amylase, at present little employed in this country, has considerable diagnostic value. Enzyme-rich effusions are more commonly left-sided, are often blood-stained, are frequently associated with pancreatic pseudocysts, and—if long standing—may be complicated by a bronchopleural fistula. Images

Kaye, Michael D.

1968-01-01

202

[Respiratory complications after transfusion].  

PubMed

Respiratory complications of blood transfusion have several possible causes. Transfusion-Associated Circulatory Overload (TACO) is often the first mentioned. Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI), better defined since the consensus conference of Toronto in 2004, is rarely mentioned. French incidence is low. Non-hemolytic febrile reactions, allergies, infections and pulmonary embolism are also reported. The objective of this work was to determine the statistical importance of the different respiratory complications of blood transfusion. This work was conducted retrospectively on transfusion accidents in six health centers in Champagne-Ardenne, reported to Hemovigilance between 2000 and 2009 and having respiratory symptoms. The analysis of data was conducted by an expert committee. Eighty-three cases of respiratory complications are found (316,864 blood products). We have counted 26 TACO, 12 TRALI (only 6 cases were identified in the original investigation of Hemovigilance), 18 non-hemolytic febrile reactions, 16 cases of allergies, 5 transfusions transmitted bacterial infections and 2 pulmonary embolisms. Six new TRALI were diagnosed previously labeled TACO for 2 of them, allergy and infection in 2 other cases and diagnosis considered unknown for the last 2. Our study found an incidence of TRALI 2 times higher than that reported previously. Interpretation of the data by a multidisciplinary committee amended 20% of diagnoses. This study shows the imperfections of our system for reporting accidents of blood transfusion when a single observer analyses the medical records. PMID:24814817

Bernasinski, M; Mertes, P-M; Carlier, M; Dupont, H; Girard, M; Gette, S; Just, B; Malinovsky, J-M

2014-05-01

203

Unusual complication after genioplasty.  

PubMed

Facial beauty depends on shape, proportion, and harmony between the facial thirds. The chin is one of the most important components of the inferior third and has an important role on the definition of facial aesthetic and harmony in both frontal and lateral views. There are 2 principal therapeutic approaches that one can choose to treat mental deformities, alloplastic implants, and mental basilar ostectomy, also known as genioplasty. The latest is more commonly used because of great versatility in the correction of three-dimensional deformities of the chin and smaller taxes of postoperative complications. Possible transoperative and postoperative complications of genioplasty include mental nerve lesion, bleeding, damage to tooth roots, bone resorption of the mobilized segment, mandibular fracture, ptosis of the lower lip, and failure to stabilize the ostectomized segment. The study presents 2 cases of displacement of the osteotomized segment after genioplasty associated with facial trauma during postoperative orthognathic surgery followed by rare complications with no reports in the literature. PMID:24621765

Avelar, Rafael Linard; Sá, Carlos Diego Lopes; Esses, Diego Felipe Silveira; Becker, Otávio Emmel; Soares, Eduardo Costa Studart; de Oliveira, Rogerio Belle

2014-03-01

204

Endocrine complications in patients with Thalassaemia Major.  

PubMed

Patients with multi-transfused thalassaemia major may develop severe endocrine complications due to iron overload. The anterior pituitary is particularly sensitive to iron overload which disrupts hormonal secretion resulting in hypogonadism, short stature , acquired hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism. Glucose intolerance and diabetes mellitus are also common in thalassaemic patients. The severity of the clinical manifestation and laboratory findings in thalassaemia largely depends on the genotype; thus homozygotes or compound heterozygotes for the mutations beta0 or beta+ depend for life on frequent transfusions. A multicenter study in Cyprus including 435 patients showed hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism in 32.5%, short stature in 35%, acquired hypothyroidism in 5.9%, hypoparathyroidism in 1.2% and diabetes mellitus in 9.4%. A slowing down of growth velocity and a reduced or absent pubertal growth spurt is observed in early adolescence leading to short adult height. Delayed or absent puberty and hypogonadism may result in fertility problems which affect enormously the life of thalassemics. Glucose intolerance in adolescence and diabetes mellitus later in life are also frequent complications mainly due to iron overload, chronic liver disease and genetic predisposition. Primary hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidsm usually appear in the second decade of life; are related to iron overload and may be reversible at an early stage by intensive chelation. Osteopenia and osteoporosis due to a complicated pathogenesis represent prominent causes of morbidity in young adults of both genders with thalassaemia. Early recognition and prevention of the endocrine complications, by early and regular chelation therapy, is mandatory for the improvement of the quality of life and psychological outcome of these patients. PMID:18084158

Toumba, Meropi; Sergis, Andreas; Kanaris, Constantinos; Skordis, Nicos

2007-12-01

205

[A case report of ocular complications of leptospirosis].  

PubMed

Ocular complications are very frequent in leptospirosis and may develop in both the acute (bacteriemic) and the second (immunologic) phases of the disease. A delayed onset of these complications, even after months or years, is also possible. Keratoconjunctivitis and panuveitis belong to the most frequent signs. Targeted search for patients suspected of having leptospirosis and regular ophthalmological examinations even after cure of the acute illness may lead to early detection of ocular complications and to their specific treatment. Presented are a case report of complicated uveitis due to infection with Leptospira grippotyphosa and a literature overview. PMID:24960259

Polák, P; Šev?íková, A; Štroblová, H; ?ermáková, Z; Husa, P

2014-03-01

206

[Endoscopic management of the complications of pancreatitis].  

PubMed

Acute and chronic pancreatitis may lead to complications that prior the recent advancement of therapeutic endoscopy had to be treated with conventional surgery. The current techniques in interventional endoscopy allow us to access the pancreas and treat some of the complications in a minimally invasive way leading to less morbidity in our patients. Approximately 90% of acute pancreatitis episodes are edematous with early resolution of clinical symptoms and rarely leading to major complications. Patients with necrotizing pancreatitis are susceptible to local and systemic complications particularly in the setting of organ failure. On the other hand chronic pancreatitis is as a chronic inflammatory process that leads to fibrosis of the gland and in occasions to exocrine and/or endocrine insufficiency. The main objective of therapeutic endoscopy in chronic pancreatitis is to relief the obstruction and decreases the pressure in the pancreatic duct with the intention to alleviate abdominal pain. In this review we will address the indications and endoscopic techniques to treat the different complications of pancreatitis such as pseudo cyst drainage, walled off necrosis debridement, disconnected duct syndrome and different options for endoscopic therapy in chronic pancreatitis. PMID:24108377

Coronel, Emmanuel; Czul, Frank; Gelrud, Andres

2013-01-01

207

Adult tibial shaft fractures - different patterns, various treatments and complications  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Tibial Fractures constitute a large number of emergency operations in most trauma centers. There are different approaches for tibial fractures. To our knowledge, there is insufficient evidence to consider post-operative complications in relation to both surgical methods and the types of fractures. Our purpose is to report our experience regarding the efficacy and complications associated with diverse surgical methods of different patterns of tibial shaft fractures in adults. Material/Methods We studied 387 adult patients. The patients’ information was registered from the charts and after examination. The methods used were intramedullary interlocking nails, simple intramedullary rods, plating and external fixation. Early and late complications were recorded and by applying the DELPHI method different treatments were compared. Finally, the safest mode of treatment is proposed. Results In the intramedullary interlocking nails method the most noticeable complication was delayed union and the highest rate of complications was seen in open oblique fractures. In the simple intramedullary rods method the most frequent complication was pain, and in the with butterfly fractures the complications were the most. In the plating method the most frequent complication was pain, and most of the complications were seen in open comminuted fractures. Finally, in the external fixation method the most frequent complication was non-union and complications were the highest in the patients with oblique, comminuted and segmented fractures. Conclusions The proposed method to treat transverse, oblique and butterfly fractures is simple intramedullary rods; whereas intramedullary interlocking nails is the better method for comminuted, segmented and spiral fractures.

Madadi, Firooz; Eajazi, Alireza; Madadi, Firoozeh; Besheli, Laleh Daftari; Sadeghian, Reza; Lari, Mehdi Nasri

2011-01-01

208

Neurologic complications of immunization.  

PubMed

In the United States and many other developed countries, active immunization of children has virtually eliminated poliomyelitis, measles, rubella, tetanus, and other diseases, such as disease due to Haemophilus influenzae type b. Individual vaccines can produce systemic or neurologic reactions ranging from minor events, such as pain and erythema at the injection site, to major complications, such as seizures, shock, encephalopathy, or death. Immunization programs have also generated considerable controversy, as witnessed by recent concerns regarding the relationship between vaccines or their constituents and autism or multiple sclerosis. This review summarizes current information regarding vaccines, the diseases that they prevent, and the potential relationships between vaccines and neurologic disease. PMID:15446387

Bale, James F

2004-06-01

209

Postfundoplication complications in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a – \\u000a \\u000a The optimal “treatment” of postfundoplication complications is preoperative prevention of them. Nonreflux causes of the symptom\\u000a prompting surgery should be carefully eliminated preoperatively. Failure to respond to optimal powerful antireflux pharmacotherapy\\u000a suggests that GERD was not the cause of symptoms. Neurologic or respiratory disease, delayed gastric emptying or retching,\\u000a short esophagus, and esophageal dysmotility may predispose patients

Susan R. Orenstein; Carlo Di Lorenzo

2001-01-01

210

Complications of Denver Shunt  

PubMed Central

Hepatic hydrothorax secondary to transdiaphragmatic spread of peritoneal fluid can cause respiratory discomfort to the patient. Draining of hydrothorax helps relieve these symptoms. Pleurovenous shunt (Denver shunt) is a relatively non-invasive method of shunting the pleural fluid to the central venous system. Reported complications of pleurovenous shunts are shunt failure, pulmonary edema, post shunt coagulopathy, deep vein thrombosis, and infection. We report a rare case of a leak at the venous end of the catheter that was placed within the right internal jugular vein, resulting in a large collection in the neck.

Perera, Eranga; Bhatt, Shweta; Dogra, Vikram S.

2011-01-01

211

Serum Adiponectin and hsCRP Levels and Non-InvasiveRadiological Methods in the Early Diagnosis ofCardiovascular System Complications in Children andAdolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus  

PubMed Central

Objective: Adiponectin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) can be used as early biochemical markers of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Radiologically, non-invasive flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measurements may be used as indicators in the early diagnosis of CVDs. To compare the biochemical markers of atherosclerosis with radiological markers of CVDs (CIMT, FMD, ventricular systolic and diastolic functions) and to assess the relationship of these parameters with metabolic control in diabetic children and adolescents. Methods: A total of 55 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) of at least 5-year duration and 30 healthy subjects were included in the study. Serum adiponectin, hsCRP, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and lipid levels were evaluated in the patients and in the controls. CIMT, FMD, ventricular systolic and diastolic functions were assessed by echocardiography. Results: Mean age of the patients with diabetes was 17.6 years; mean diabetes duration was 10.4 years. Mean serum hsCRP was elevated in children with diabetes (0.21±0.31 vs. 0.10±0.16 ?g/mL, p=0.00), while no significant difference from the controls was found in adiponectin levels. Mean CIMT was significantly higher in diabetic children compared to the control group (0.53±0.11 vs. 0.34±0.46 mm, p=0.00). Mean FMD of the diabetic children was significantly lower than that of the controls (6.86±2.85% vs. 12.13±1.99%, p=0.00). Diabetes duration was positively correlated with CIMT and negatively correlated with FMD. Right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) myocardial performance index (MPI) were higher in the patient group (p=0.00). Conclusions: Our data suggest that in addition to standard echocardiography, tissue Doppler echocardiography, FMD, and CIMT can be used as early-stage radiological markers and hsCRP as an early-stage biochemical marker of atherosclerosis in the routine follow-up of T1DM patients. Conflict of interest:None declared.

Goksen, Damla; Levent, Erturk; Kar, Sakine; Ozen, Samim; Darcan, Sukran

2013-01-01

212

Gastrointestinal complications of gastrocystoplasty.  

PubMed Central

The cases are reported of five children with chronic renal failure who underwent gastrocystoplasty for a variety of urological disorders. Gastrocystoplasty comprises the transplantation of a vascularised segment of stomach to the bladder to form an augmented neobladder. The patients had gastrointestinal complications after the operation, including considerable weight loss in all five patients, accompanied by marked failure to thrive in four of the five patients, and food aversion, feeding intolerance, dumping syndrome, delayed gastric emptying, and oesophagitis in two patients. Three of the five patients developed severe abdominal pain and haemorrhagic cystitis secondary to gastric acid secretion in the neobladder from the transplanted gastric pedicle. Nutritional and pharmacological interventions were used to manage the gastrointestinal problems. Explanations are offered for the pathophysiology of the observed complications of gastrocystoplasty. It is believed that the use of this procedure in infants and children, particularly those with chronic renal failure and uraemia, warrants caution until successful long term follow up and experience with this procedure have been reported.

Gold, B D; Bhoopalam, P S; Reifen, R M; Harvey, E; Marcon, M A

1992-01-01

213

[Complications of dental infections].  

PubMed

Infectious dental complications are quite frequent given the high incidence of tooth decay. Other pathologies not related to dental decay can cause mouth infectious such as periodontal infections, alveolitis, peri-coronitis of impacted wisdom tooth and secondary infection of dental fragments. Dental infection can be localised to apex (top of the root) or progress to soft and bony tissues surrounding the teeth. The most frequent germs involved in these infections are generally the same as saprophyte buccal flora but are often associated to other anaerobic germs. The following complications will be described in what concerns their etiology, pathology and treatment: abcess, fistula, phlegmon and cellulitis, odontogenic cysts, actinomycosis, craniofacial thrombophlebitis, osteitis and osteomyelitis, maxillary sinusitis, septicemia and local odontogenic infections. The consequences of these infections can vary according to immunologic resistance of the patient as well as the resistance of some germs to the most common antibiotics. Several factors should be taken in consideration in the treatment; patient history factors, germ virulence, maintaining or suppression of etiologic factors and drainage possibilities. PMID:11680190

Deroux, E

2001-09-01

214

Zebrafish sex: a complicated affair  

PubMed Central

In this review, we provide a detailed overview of studies on the elusive sex determination (SD) and gonad differentiation mechanisms of zebrafish (Danio rerio). We show that the data obtained from most studies are compatible with polygenic sex determination (PSD), where the decision is made by the allelic combinations of several loci. These loci are typically dispersed throughout the genome, but in some teleost species a few of them might be located on a preferential pair of (sex) chromosomes. The PSD system has a much higher level of variation of SD genotypes both at the level of gametes and the sexual genotype of individuals, than that of the chromosomal sex determination systems. The early sexual development of zebrafish males is a complicated process, as they first develop a ‘juvenile ovary’, that later undergoes a transformation to give way to a testis. To date, three major developmental pathways were shown to be involved with gonad differentiation through the modulation of programmed cell death. In our opinion, there are more pathways participating in the regulation of zebrafish gonad differentiation/transformation. Introduction of additional powerful large-scale genomic approaches into the analysis of zebrafish reproduction will result in further deepening of our knowledge as well as identification of additional pathways and genes associated with these processes in the near future.

Liew, Woei Chang

2014-01-01

215

Complications of airway management.  

PubMed

Although endotracheal intubation is commonly performed in the hospital setting, it is not without risk. In this article, we review the impact of endotracheal intubation on airway injury by describing the acute and long-term sequelae of each of the most commonly injured anatomic sites along the respiratory tract, including the nasal cavity, oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, and trachea. Injuries covered include nasoseptal injury, tongue injury, dental injury, mucosal lacerations, vocal cord immobility, and laryngotracheal stenosis, as well as tracheomalacia, tracheoinnominate, and tracheoesophageal fistulas. We discuss the proposed mechanisms of tissue damage that relate to each and present their most common clinical manifestations, along with their respective diagnostic and management options. This article also includes a review of complications of airway management pertaining to video laryngoscopy and supraglottic airway devices. Finally, potential strategies to prevent intubation-associated injuries are outlined. PMID:24891204

Pacheco-Lopez, Paulette C; Berkow, Lauren C; Hillel, Alexander T; Akst, Lee M

2014-06-01

216

[Intervention-specific complications of hernia surgery].  

PubMed

Hernia surgery is generally a rewarding task, patient satisfaction is high and the long-term results are generally good. Incisional hernias are more heterogeneous and there is a higher variability of morphologies to be matched with the available therapeutic approaches but the majority of patients are also satisfied with the results. This positive scenario for hernia surgery can be largely attributable to careful preoperative planning, effective surgical techniques and a high degree of standardization. The picture is somewhat clouded by the complications associated with hernia surgery. If complications do arise, the outcome largely depends on how well the surgeon responds. For inguinal and femoral hernias, the risk profile of the patient is crucial to the surgical planning and the wrong operation on the wrong patient can be disastrous. Open procedures have complication risks in common but the question of how best to deal with the nerves has yet to be answered. Endoscopic procedures are an indispensable part of the hernia surgery repertoire and the hernia specialist should be proficient in TEP and TAPP techniques. Ventral and incisional hernias have higher complication rates and the treatment is similar despite differences in etiology and pathophysiology. Although open procedures are better for morphological reconstruction they are accompanied by a higher complication rate. Laparoscopic procedures had a severe complication profile early on but the situation has greatly improved today due to continued refinement of the learning curve. A critical approach to the application of methods and meshes, a deep knowledge of anatomical peculiarities and the careful planning of tactics for dealing with intraoperative problems are the hallmarks of today's good hernia surgeon. PMID:24435828

Dietz, U A; Wiegering, A; Germer, C T

2014-02-01

217

Implications of late complications from adhesions for preoperative informed consent  

PubMed Central

Summary The process of informed consent is a critical aspect of the doctor–patient relationship. Doctors have a professional duty to provide patients with sufficient information if a treatment is associated with a significant risk. NHS guidelines advise doctors to mention risks that occur more frequently than 1–2% or risks that are serious even if the likelihood is very small. In the case of abdominal and pelvic surgery, risks can broadly be divided into early and late complications. Early complications, such as bleeding and infection, have a close temporal relationship with the operation. Such complications are routinely mentioned during the consent process. In contrast, postoperative adhesions cause changes in the normal anatomy that can adversely affect function many years and even decades after the original operation, leaving patients at lifelong risk for late complications. These late adhesive complications, namely bowel obstruction, mechanical female infertility and chronic pain, are often neglected during the consent process. However, the risks to patients from late adhesive complications are serious and well in excess of the accepted threshold where it could be considered a breach in the duty of care not to inform patients. This is reflected by a number of claims against the NHS based on consent issues regarding late adhesive complications of surgery. Therefore, late complications of surgery from adhesions should be included in the pre-operative consent process. This would decrease litigation costs but more importantly also underpins the doctor–patient relationship.

Rajab, Taufiek Konrad; Ahmad, Umar Naeem; Kelly, Edward

2010-01-01

218

Biliary complications following liver transplantation  

PubMed Central

Biliary tract complications are the most common complications after liver transplantation. These complications are encountered more commonly as a result of increased number of liver transplantations and the prolonged survival of transplant patients. Biliary complications remain a major source of morbidity in liver transplant patients, with an incidence of 5%-32%. Post liver transplantation biliary complications include strictures (anastomotic and non-anastomotic), leaks, stones, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, and recurrence of primary biliary disease such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and primary biliary cirrhosis. The risk of occurrence of a specific biliary complication is related to the type of biliary reconstruction performed at the time of liver transplantation. In this article we seek to review the major biliary complications and their relation to the type of biliary reconstruction performed at the time of liver tranplantation.

Kochhar, Gursimran; Parungao, Jose Mari; Hanouneh, Ibrahim A; Parsi, Mansour A

2013-01-01

219

Complications of Operative Gynecological Laparoscopy  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess the incidence and type of laparoscopic complications. Methods: A series of 2140 operative laparoscopies were reviewed in a retrospective study of patient records. The setting was a tertiary-care university hospital. Operative laparoscopy included minor procedures (minimal adhesiolysis, destruction of minimal endometriosis foci, ovarian biopsy, ovarian puncture, tubal sterilization), major laparoscopic surgery (extended adhesiolysis, tuboplasties, uterine suspension, treatment for ectopic pregnancy, salpingitis, ovarian cyst, moderate and severe endometriosis), and advanced laparoscopic surgery (hysterectomy, myomectomy, bladder neck suspension). Results: Two major vascular complications, 3 intestinal injuries, 1 anesthesiological complication, and 4 urinary tract injuries occurred. Two minor and 5 postoperative complications were noted. The overall complication rate was 17/2140 (0.79%). The major complication rate was 10/2140 (0.46%). Conclusions: This review is useful for helping surgeons reduce the risk of injuries and to inform patients about potential complications. These rates are similar to those that have been previously reported.

Carvajal, Antonio R.

2003-01-01

220

Biliary complications following liver transplantation.  

PubMed

Biliary tract complications are the most common complications after liver transplantation. These complications are encountered more commonly as a result of increased number of liver transplantations and the prolonged survival of transplant patients. Biliary complications remain a major source of morbidity in liver transplant patients, with an incidence of 5%-32%. Post liver transplantation biliary complications include strictures (anastomotic and non-anastomotic), leaks, stones, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, and recurrence of primary biliary disease such as primary sclerosing cholangitis and primary biliary cirrhosis. The risk of occurrence of a specific biliary complication is related to the type of biliary reconstruction performed at the time of liver transplantation. In this article we seek to review the major biliary complications and their relation to the type of biliary reconstruction performed at the time of liver tranplantation. PMID:23704818

Kochhar, Gursimran; Parungao, Jose Mari; Hanouneh, Ibrahim A; Parsi, Mansour A

2013-05-21

221

Dermatological complications of obesity.  

PubMed

Obesity is a health problem of considerable magnitude in the Western world. Dermatological changes have been reported in patients with obesity, including: acanthosis nigricans and skin tags (due to insulin resistance); hyperandrogenism; striae due to over extension; stasis pigmentation due to peripheral vascular disease; lymphedema; pathologies associated with augmented folds; morphologic changes in the foot anatomy due to excess load; and complications that may arise from hospitalization. Acanthosis nigricans plaques can be managed by improved control of hyperinsulinemia; the vitamin D3 analog calcipitriol has also been shown to be effective. Skin tags can be removed by snipping with curved scissors, by cryotherapy or by electrodesiccation. Hyperandrogenism, a result of increased production of endogenous androgens due to increased volumes of adipose tissue (which synthesizes testosterone) and hyperinsulinemia (which increases the production of ovarian androgens) needs to be carefully assessed to ensure disorders such as virilizing tumors and congenital adrenal hyperplasia are treated appropriately. Treatment of hyperandrogenism should be centred on controlling insulin levels; weight loss, oral contraceptive and antiandrogenic therapies are also possible treatment options. The etiology of striae distensae, also known as stretch marks, is yet to be defined and treatment options are unsatisfactory at present; striae rubra and alba have been treated with a pulsed dye laser with marginal success. The relationship between obesity and varicose veins is controversial; symptoms are best prevented by the use of elastic stockings. Itching and inflammation associated with stasis pigmentation, the result of red blood cells escaping into the tissues, can be treated with corticosteroids. Lymphedema is associated with dilatation of tissue channels, reduced tissue oxygenation and provides a culture medium for bacterial growth. Lymphedema treatment is directed towards reducing the limb girth and weight, and the prevention of infection. Intertrigo is caused by friction between skin surfaces, combined with moisture and warmth, resulting in infection. This infection, most commonly candidiasis, is best treated with topical antifungal agents; systemic antifungal therapy may be required in some patients. Excess load on the feet can result in morphological changes that require careful diagnosis; insoles may offer some symptom relief while control of obesity is achieved. Obesity-related dermatoses associated with hospitalization, such as pressure ulcers, diminished wound healing, dermatoses secondary to respiratory conditions, and incontinence, must all be carefully managed with an emphasis on prevention where possible. Recognition and control of the dermatological complications of obesity play an important role in diminishing the morbidity of obesity. PMID:12180897

García Hidalgo, Linda

2002-01-01

222

First trimester complications.  

PubMed

Vaginal bleeding, abdominopelvic pain, nausea, and vomiting are common presenting symptoms in early pregnancy. All women of reproductive age who present with abdominal or pelvic pain or with vaginal bleeding should be evaluated for possible pregnancy. There should be a high index of suspicion for ectopic pregnancy in women presenting with abdominal pain and bleeding after approximately 7 weeks of amenorrhea. Investigation for the cause of the bleeding should ensue. Gestational trophoblastic disease should be considered as a possible cause. Treatment options for nausea during pregnancy should be discussed with women with this common symptom. PMID:22309582

Martonffy, A Ildiko; Rindfleisch, Kirsten; Lozeau, Anne Marie; Potter, Beth

2012-03-01

223

Hematologic Complications of Pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy induces a number of physiologic changes that affect the hematologic indices, either directly or indirectly. Recognizing and treating hematologic disorders that occur during pregnancy is difficult owing to the paucity of evidence available to guide consultants. This paper specifically reviews the diagnosis and management of benign hematologic disorders occurring during pregnancy. Anemia secondary to iron deficiency is the most frequent hematologic complication and is easily treated with oral iron formulations,; however care must be taken not to miss other causes of anemia, such as sickle cell disease. Thrombocytopenia is also a common reason for consulting the hematologist and distinguishing gestational thrombocytopenia from immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is essential since the treatment differs widely. Occasionally the management of mother and infant involves the expeditious recognition of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), a condition that is responsible for severe life-threatening bleeding of the newborn. Additionally, inherited and acquired bleeding disorders affect pregnant women disproportionately and often require careful monitoring of coagulation parameters in order to prevent bleeding in the puerperium. Finally, venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy is still largely responsible for mortality during pregnancy and the diagnosis, treatment options and guidelines for prevention of VTE during pregnancy are explored.

Townsley, Danielle M.

2013-01-01

224

COMPLICATIONS OF TATTOOING  

PubMed Central

Pathologic consequence of tattooing is relatively rare, but in light of the great number of persons in military service, where tattooing seems to be popular, consideration of the complications seems worth while. Four unusual cases of patients with cutaneous lesions in tattoos are reported. One patient had Boeck's sarcoid, in which the cutaneous eruption was limited solely to the tattooed areas on the body and involved all the various colors of the tattoo. The cutaneous eruption was only a single manifestation of generalized sarcoidosis. Another patient had secondary syphilis with the cutaneous lesions involving multi-colored tattoos, including the red areas. These tattoos were applied in Hawaii, and presumably the red dye was not the usual cinnabar (mercuric sulfide). As a general rule, the cutaneous lesions of secondary syphilis do not involve the red areas because of the treponomicidal action of mercuric sulfide. In the third case the characteristic eruption of discoid lupus erythematosus was present. It began over the red areas of a tattoo on the patient's forearm. It has been stated that mercuric sulfide is a photo-sensitizing agent, and it is believed that this explains the localization of the eruption in this case. The fourth patient had eruption, caused by mercury sensitivity, in an area of tattoo. The eruption was noted soon after the tattooing was done, and it persisted for seven years.

Lubeck, Glenn; Epstein, Ervin

1952-01-01

225

Steroid complications in patients with ulcerative colitis.  

PubMed

Physicians treating patients with ulcerative colitis are confronted with the difficult task of deciding whether medical or surgical treatment is best for their patients. There are no definitive criteria to indicate when medical therapy should be exchanged for definitive surgery. Even in patients who respond well to glucocorticoid treatment, the side effects of these drugs may necessitate surgery. We reviewed the steroid complications of our operative cases retrospectively. Although ulcerative colitis was usually in remission, severe steroid complications were no longer tolerable and definitive surgery was required. We also reviewed the literature regarding the adverse effects of steroid. Because of advances in sphincter-preserving surgery, re-evaluation of the treatment of ulcerative colitis is necessary. Although conservative treatment remains the first choice, tolerance of irreversible side effects (especially in children) no longer seems to be justified. In such patients, early definitive surgery may offer more than it appears to sacrifice. PMID:1395976

Kusunoki, M; Möeslein, G; Shoji, Y; Fujita, S; Yanagi, H; Sakanoue, Y; Saito, N; Utsunomiya, J

1992-10-01

226

Renal Complications of Fabry Disease in Children  

PubMed Central

Fabry disease is an X-linked ?-galactosidase A deficiency, resulting in accumulation of glycosphingolipids, especially globotriaosylceramide, in cells in different organs in the body. Renal failure is a serious complication of this disease. Fabry nephropathy lesions are present and progress in childhood while the disease commonly remains silent by routine clinical measures. Early and timely diagnosis of Fabry nephropathy is crucial since late initiation of enzyme replacement therapy may not halt progressive renal dysfunction. This may be challenging due to difficulties in diagnosis of Fabry disease in children and absence of a sensitive non-invasive biomarker of early Fabry nephropathy. Accurate measurement of glomerular filtration rate and regular assessment for proteinuria and microalbuminuria are useful, though not sensitive enough to detect early lesions in the kidney. Recent studies support the value of renal biopsy in providing histological information relevant to kidney function and prognosis and renal biopsy could potentially be used to guide treatment decisions in young Fabry patients. This review aims to provide an update of the current understanding, challenges and needs to better approach renal complications of Fabry disease in children.

Najafian, Behzad; Mauer, Michael; Hopkin, Robert J; Svarstad, Einar

2013-01-01

227

Endovascular repair of iliac artery injury complicating lumbar disc surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vascular injury as a complication of disc surgery was first reported in 1945 by Linton and White. It is a rare but potentially\\u000a fatal complication. The high mortality rate (40–100%) is attributed to a combination of rapid blood loss and the failure to\\u000a recognise the cause of the deteriorating patient. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential. Treatment has traditionally\\u000a been

P. Skippage; J. Raja; R. McFarland; A. M. Belli

2008-01-01

228

Haemopoietic stem cell transplants: the impact of haemorrhagic complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the most important complication of allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), increasing susceptibility to haemorrhage and risk of early mortality. We evaluated 807 allogeneic HSCT patients to assess both the association between bleeding and GVHD, and the influence of haemorrhagic complications on clinical outcome. Up to 55% of patients with grade III–IV GVHD experienced bleeding,

Andrea Bacigalupo

2003-01-01

229

[Systemic complications in intramedullary nailing].  

PubMed

Today intramedullary nailing is the treatment of choice in stabilizing femoral and tibial diaphysial fractures because of its superior bone healing compared to other forms of osteosyntheses. By interlocking, the indication can be extended to all fractures in which interlocking bolts can be fixed in the proximal and distal main fragment. Küntscher's principle of elastic clamp has changed to intramedullary splinting. With that method reaming is limited to a few reaming processes, and unreamed nailing has become possible. Today implants start at a diameter of 9 mm. The diameter of implants of all manufacturers is less than a few years ago. Since the importance of embolization by increasing the intramedullary pressure as a result of reaming is accepted, the question arises concerning the clinical relevance of embolization if reaming is restricted and unreamed nails are applied. In our own investigations, relevant intravasation of bone marrow content appeared only in reamed femoral nailing. The bone marrow cavity of the tibia is smaller, the configuration of the tibia allows more back-streaming of the content, and the venous drainage system in the distal tibia is much less extensive than in the supracondylar area. All pulmonary complications in the literature are reported after nailing of femoral fractures. Therefore, systemic complications in intramedullary nailing are only a problem in femoral fractures. The pathophysiological connection between intramedullary pressure increases and pulmonary impairment is not clarified in detail. Relevant content of the bone marrow cavity is not only bone marrow, but also the blood with which the marrow cavity is refilled after each reaming process and which passes into the circulation during the following reaming. This blood is activated concerning coagulation. By reaming, the pathogenic content of the bone marrow cavity is embolized, which can become clinically relevant if cofactors are present. Cofactors are volume deficit, shock, lung contusion and pre-existing pulmonary impairment. These conditions can never be excluded before primary stabilization after trauma. Today the importance of systemic complications during unreamed nailing is controversial. Our experimental and echocardiographic investigations clearly show that the velocity of the nail into the bone marrow cavity and the gap between the nail and cortical bone at the entrance in the distal fragment determine the amount of embolized material. By carefully inserting the nail and choosing thin nails with a correct length, which can gain stability by fixation in the condylar area and not by clamping in the distal fragment, echocardiography reveals only minimal embolization. Therefore unreamed nailing is the treatment of choice, if the situation of the patient allows the procedure of nailing in itself. Multitrauma patients in shock or with unstable circulation should be stabilized primarily with external fixation. After consolidation, early change to an intramedullary nail should be performed. PMID:8766666

Wenda, K; Runkel, M

1996-06-01

230

Radiologist's perspective for the Meckel's diverticulum and its complications.  

PubMed

Abstract The Meckel's diverticulum is the commonest congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, often presenting with complications such as gastrointestinal bleeding, intussusception, bowel obstruction and diverticulitis, which are often misdiagnosed. Imaging plays an important role in the early diagnosis and characterization of these conditions and is very helpful in decision making. The Meckel's diverticulum and its complications have myriad presentations and appearances on various imaging modalities. Thus, sound knowledge of the anatomy, embryology, clinical presentation, imaging characteristics and complications is crucial to the practice of abdominal imaging. We present a review of the literature and current radiological practices in the diagnosis and management of the Meckel's diverticulum and its various complications with special emphasis on the imaging of various complications, mimickers and pathological correlation. PMID:24611767

Kotha, V K; Khandelwal, A; Saboo, S S; Shanbhogue, A K P; Virmani, V; Marginean, E C; Menias, C O

2014-05-01

231

Gastrointestinal complications of oncologic therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gastrointestinal complications are common in patients undergoing various forms of cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and molecular-targeted therapies. Many of these complications are life-threatening and require prompt diagnosis and treatment. Complications of oncologic therapy can occur in the esophagus (esophagitis, strictures, bacterial, viral and fungal infections), upper gastrointestinal tract (mucositis, bleeding, nausea and vomiting), colon (diarrhea, graft–versus–host disease, colitis

Marta Davila; Robert S Bresalier

2008-01-01

232

Bizarre complications of peritoneovenous shunts.  

PubMed Central

Implantable peritoneovenous shunts have facilitated the management of patients with medically intractable ascites. The more commonly reported complications occur with an incidence of 20-50%. Rare and problematic complications are becoming increasingly frequent. Two unusual complications, 1) progressive respiratory insufficiency and death secondary to pulmonary embolization of ascites fluid containing cholesterol crystals, and 2) shunt malfunction caused by the formation of a fibrous envelope around the venous catheter are presented. Pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of each of these unusual complications is discussed. Images Fig. 1a. Fig. 1b. Fig. 2a.

Eckhauser, F E; Strodel, W E; Girardy, J W; Turcotte, J G

1981-01-01

233

Management of the complications of endoscopic submucosal dissection  

PubMed Central

Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is currently widely accepted as a standard treatment option for early gastrointestinal neoplasms in Korea. However, ESD has technical difficulties and a longer procedure time than conventional endoscopic resection. So it may have a higher risk of complications than conventional endoscopic resection techniques. We, the ESD study group of Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, have experienced many complications, mostly treated by endoscopic or conservative management. Here, we introduce and share our experiences for management of post ESD complications and review published papers on the topic.

Kim, Seong Hwan; Moon, Jeong Seop; Youn, Young Hoon; Lee, Ki Myung; Lee, Sung Joon

2011-01-01

234

White Spot (Early Tooth Decay)  

MedlinePLUS

... TMJ Disorders Oral Cancer Dry Mouth Burning Mouth Tooth Decay See All Oral Health Oral Complications of Systemic ... Sorted by ... > Children's Oral Health White Spot Early tooth decay Share This Page Facebook External link – please review ...

235

Complications of Groin Hernia Repair: Their Prevention and Management  

PubMed Central

An estimated overall complication rate of approximately ten percent is found in the half million patients who annually undergo groin hernia repair in the United States. Certain features in the operative technique are emphasized which should prevent many of these complications. Intraoperative complications during the groin hernia repair are primarily hemorrhage and injury to the vas deferens, the three nerves in the area, the vascular supply of the testis, and the abdominal and pelvic viscera. Miscellaneous intraoperative complications relate to problems associated with the repair of massive hernias, missed hernia, and the loss of strangulated bowel into the abdominal cavity. Early postoperative complications may be either systemic or local with cardiac and respiratory conditions comprising the former group. The early local complications are primarily wound problems of infection, hematoma formation, and scrotal swelling involving the skin and testis. High ligation in excision of the sac in all hernias, repair of the defect in the plane of its occurrence, and suture of fascia to fascia in the same plane without tension are the basic tenets of inguinal hernia repair which should result in a low incidence of recurrence. The most effective prophylactic measures necessary for the prevention of complications considered are a thorough knowledge of inguinofemoral anatomy, mature surgical judgment, and meticulous surgical technique.

Gaines, Ray D.

1978-01-01

236

Anterior mediastinal abscess complicating septic arthritis.  

PubMed

An 11-year-old boy with septic arthritis of both knees presented with an anterior mediastinal abscess extending suprasternally. This was drained through a suprasternal incision and the mediastinal cavity was intermittently irrigated with povidone iodine solution and packed with gauze. Staphylococcus aureus was the responsible organism. Antibiotic therapy comprised of cloxacillin and gentamycin. Recovery was uneventful. This is, most probably, the first report on an anterior mediastinal abscess complicating a distant septic arthritis. As for any infective mediastinitis, early diagnosis and aggressive treatment is mandatory for a patient's survival. PMID:1552425

Smith, A; Sinzobahamvya, N

1992-01-01

237

Post-transplant hepatic complications: Imaging findings  

PubMed Central

Transplantation is considered definitive therapy for acute or chronic irreversible pathologies of the liver, and the increased survival rates are mainly due to improved immunosuppressive therapies and surgical techniques. However, early diagnosis of possible graft dysfunction is crucial to liver graft survival. Diagnostic imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of the liver before and after transplant and in the detection of complications such as vascular and biliary diseases, acute and chronic rejection and neoplastic recurrence. Integrated imaging using color-Doppler, CT, MRI and traditional x-ray reach a high level of sensitivity and specificity in the management of transplanted patients.

Drudi, F.M.; Pagliara, E.; Cantisani, V.; Arduini, F.; D'Ambrosio, U.; Alfano, G.

2007-01-01

238

Complications after procedures of photorefractive keratectomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the saveness of the PRK procedures. Material and method: 151 eyes after PRK for correction of myopia and 112 after PRK for correction of myopic astigmatism were examined. All PRK procedures have been performed with an excimer laser manufactured by Aesculap Meditec. Results: Haze, regression, decentration infection and overcorrection were found. Conclusions: The most often complication is regression. Corneal inflammation in the early postoperative period may cause the regression or haze. The greater corrected refractive error the greater haze degree. Haze decreases with time.

Gierek-Ciaciura, Stanislawa

1998-10-01

239

Avoiding and treating dermal filler complications.  

PubMed

All fillers are associated with the risk of both early and late complications. Early side effects such as swelling, redness, and bruising occur after intradermal or subdermal injections. The patient has to be aware of and accept these risks. Adverse events that last longer than 2 weeks can be attributable to technical shortcomings (e.g., too superficial an implantation of a long-lasting filler substance). Such adverse events can be treated with intradermal 5-fluorouracil, steroid injections, vascular lasers, or intense pulsed light, and later with dermabrasion or shaving. Late adverse events also include immunologic phenomena such as late-onset allergy and nonallergic foreign body granuloma. Both react well to intralesional steroid injections, which often have to be repeated to establish the right dose. Surgical excisions shall remain the last option and are indicated for hard lumps in the lips and visible hard nodules or hard granuloma in the subcutaneous fat. PMID:16936549

Lemperle, Gottfried; Rullan, Peter P; Gauthier-Hazan, Nelly

2006-09-01

240

Thunderclap headache from complicated sinusitis.  

PubMed

We report a case of complicated pansinusitis presenting with thunderclap headache. The patient quickly developed left ophthalmoplegia and imaging demonstrated extension of inflammation from the sphenoid sinus into the sellar region. Thunderclap headache is well known to occur from a variety of intracranial events, but complicated sinusitis presenting this way is seldom described. The patient recovered completely with appropriate treatment. PMID:16618275

McGeeney, Brian E; Barest, Glenn; Grillone, Gregory

2006-03-01

241

Neurologic complications due to catheterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our university cardiac center, the incidence of a cohort of children with acute neurologic complications resulting from cardiac catheterization performed for acyanotic or cyanotic congenital heart disease is 0.38% (14 children of a total of 3,648 catheterization procedures). Neurologic complications consisted of convulsion (n = 10), stroke (n = 6), intracranial hemorrhage (n = 2), extrapyramidal features (n =

Xiao-Yan Liu; Virginia Wong; Maurice Leung

2001-01-01

242

Neurological complications of pertussis inoculation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings are presented in 36 children, seen in the past 11 years, who are believed to have suffered from neurological complications of pertussis inoculation (given as triple vaccine). The clustering of complications in the first 24 hours after inoculation suggests a causal rather than a coincidental relation. Possible contributory factors were present in one-third of patients studied and support the

M. Kulenkampff; J. S. Schwartzman; J. Wilson

1974-01-01

243

Coloseminal fistula complicating sigmoid diverticulitis.  

PubMed

We report on a 32-year-old man with a history of chronic lower abdominal pain and urogenital symptoms, leading to the diagnosis of coloseminal fistula complicating diverticular disease. We reviewed the literature on this rare clinical entity and would like to stress the role of pelvic imaging with rectal contrast to investigate complicated forms of diverticular disease. PMID:24457980

Barret, Maximilien; Cuenod, Charles-André; Jian, Raymond; Cellier, Christophe; Berger, Anne

2014-01-01

244

Complicated diverticulitis following renal transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Colonic perforations in renal transplant recipients have historically been associated with mortality rates as high as 50 to 100 percent. However, these previous series generally predate the use of cyclosporine-based immuno-suppressive protocols. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who had undergone renal transplant from our institution and who developed complicated diverticulitis. Complicated diverticulitis was defined as diverticulitis involving free

Eric D. Lederman; David J. Conti; Neil Lempert; T. Paul Singh; Edward C. Lee

1998-01-01

245

[Acute anal fissures in puerperants].  

PubMed

The author shares his experiences with treatment of 236 puerperas with anal fissures. Three types of anal fissures are established. The appearance of anal fissures can be caused by precipitated labor, large fetus, episio- and perineotomy. The main attention in cases with postpartum anal fissures was given to local treatment by different means which included arrest of the pain syndrome and formation of the granulation barrier till the appearance of regular stool and prevention of constipation. Long-term results were good. PMID:10533232

Sariev, A A

1999-01-01

246

Complication Rates among Trauma Centers  

PubMed Central

Background To examine the association between patient complications and admission to level 1 trauma centers (TC) compared to non-trauma centers (NTC). Study Design A retrospective cohort study of data derived from the National Study on the Costs and Outcomes of Trauma (NSCOT). Patients were recruited from 18 level 1 TC and 51 NTC in 15 regions encompassing 14 states. Trained study nurses, using standardized forms, abstracted the medical records of the patients. The overall number of complications per patient was identified as well as the presence or absence of 13 specific complications. Results Patients treated in TC were more likely to have any complication compared to NTC with an adjusted relative risk (RR) of 1.34 (95% CI 1.03, 1.74). For individual complications, only urinary tract infection RR 1.94 (95% CI 1.07, 3.17) was significantly higher in TC. TC patients were more likely to have three or more complications, RR 1.83 (95% CI 1.16, 2.90). Treatment variables that are surrogates for markers of injury severity, such as use of pulmonary artery catheters, multiple operations, massive transfusions (> 2,500mL packed red blood cells), and invasive brain catheters, occurred significantly more often in TC. Conclusions Trauma centers have a slightly higher incidence rate of complications even after adjusting for patient case mix. Aggressive treatment may account for a significant portion of TC-associated complications. PA catheter use and intubation had the most influence on overall TC complication rates. Further study is needed to provide accurate benchmark measures of complication rates and to determine their causes.

Ang, Darwin N; Rivara, Frederick P; Nathens, Avery; Jurkovich, Gregory J; Maier, Ronald V; Wang, Jin; MacKenzie, Ellen J

2009-01-01

247

Complications in pelvic floor surgery.  

PubMed

Pelvic floor disorders affect the quality of life of millions of women worldwide. Many options exist for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence, surgery being one of the main strategies in the management of these conditions. Even though uncommon, all surgery has complications which can cause morbidity and rarely mortality. These complications can impair quality of life in the long-term and be a financial burden on both the patient and the health care system. Pelvic floor reconstructive surgery includes perioperative complications such as injury to neighboring organs, hemorrhage and infection. Recently the International Urogynecology Association and the International Continence Society have proposed a terminology and classification of complications related to female pelvic floor surgery, both using native tissue and synthetic implants to improve surgical audit and aid comparison between studies on pelvic floor procedures. Long-term complications such as pelvic pain and dyspareunia may be as high as 25%. Prolapse surgery associated with mesh may result in better anatomical outcomes but this is offset by the high complication rate, particularly that of mesh exposure which has been reported to be between 3-15%. Minimally invasive anti-incontinence procedures are associated with less morbidity than their abdominal predecessors but they are not free of complications. Complications of mid-urethral slings include those of mesh exposure (0.3%), voiding dysfunction (7%) and de novo urgency (25%). The risk and severity of complications varies depending on the procedure performed and on patient characteristics and, therefore, patients need to be informed of these risks or clinicians will be held responsible. This has never been more true than now with the debate regarding the value of transvaginal mesh and laparoscopic procedures for prolapse, their risks and potential benefits, and the associated medico-legal sequelae. PMID:23412020

Alvarez, J; Cvach, K; Dwyer, P

2013-02-01

248

Thermovaporous synthesis of complicated oxides  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the results of investigations of the mechanism and kinetics of reactions of formation of fine crystalline complicated\\u000a oxides in thermovaporous and solvothermal conditions are presented. The processes of formation of complicated oxides, magnesian\\u000a spinel (MgAl2O4), aluminate of lanthanum (LaAlO3), gahnite (ZnAl2O4), barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19), lithium metaniobate (LiNbO3), and yttrium-aluminum garnet (Y3Al5O12) were studied. Synthesis of complicated oxides

M. N. Danchevskaya; Yu. D. Ivakin; S. N. Torbin; G. P. Muravieva; O. G. Ovchinnikova

2006-01-01

249

[Acute complications in cocaine users].  

PubMed

Cocaine use has increased considerably during the last twenty years and several related complications can be identified. Clinical features of cocaine intoxication are variable, but predominantly involve cardiovascular events. Chest pain is the most main complaint; myocardial ischemia must be ruled out. Other cardiovascular manifestations are left ventricular dysfunction, arrhythmia, endocarditis and aortic dissection. Non-cardiac complications include neurological (seizures, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage), respiratory (asthma, interstitial pneumonitis, pulmonary edema), renal (acute renal failure, rhabdomyolysis) and obstetrical disorders. Detection of cocaine in the urine provides the diagnosis. Symptomatic treatment is generally given, combining conventional treatment of the complication and broad use of benzodiazepines. PMID:12218880

Guerot, Emmanuel; Sanchez, Olivier; Diehl, Jean-Luc; Fagon, Jean-Yves

2002-05-01

250

Complications of abdominoplasty after weight loss as a result of bariatric surgery or dieting/postpregnancy.  

PubMed

It is well known that the risk of complications after abdominal contouring surgery is high. Sparse data in published reports exist, suggesting that complication rates are higher in postbariatric patients compared with patients who have lost weight by dieting. The aim of this study was to analyse the incidence of complications after abdominoplasty in postbariatric patients compared with in patients who have not had weight loss surgery. The aim was also to identify predictive factors associated with the development of postoperative complications. This study retrospectively analysed 190 consecutive patients operated on with abdominoplasty due to abdominal tissue excess from January 2006 to December 2008 at Sahlgrenska University Hospital. Variables analysed were sex, age, max body mass index (BMI), delta BMI (max BMI minus preoperative BMI), preoperative BMI, method of weight reduction, resection weight, and complications. The early complication rates were significantly higher in postbariatric patients (48%) than in patients who had not had weight loss surgery (29%). Resection weight was significantly higher for patients with early local complications compared with patients without early local complications. Max BMI, delta BMI, or preoperative BMI had no influence on the incidence of complications. In conclusion, this study confirms in a fairly large sample that the complication rate after abdominoplasty seems to be higher in postbariatric patients compared with patients who have not had weight loss surgery. However, no predictive factors could be identified explaining these differences. Further studies need to be conducted to identify predictive factors for the occurrence of complications after abdominal contouring surgery. PMID:23088637

Staalesen, Trude; Olsén, Monika Fagevik; Elander, Anna

2012-12-01

251

[Rehabilitation methods for children with complicated cataract].  

PubMed

The work deals with the results of surgical treatment of 155 patients, who had uveal cataract, by method of facoemulsification with artificial crystalline lens transplanting. The age of the sick varied from 3 to 15 as a result of a complex treatment, involving determination of ethnic factor in the development of uveal cataract, before- and after-operation conservative medical treatment, surgical treatment of abscuration ambliopia 78.1% children and the keenness of sight 0.4 and 68.7% got binocularious sight. The study lot of posttraumatic cataract affected children included 189 patients, from them 68 with stationary cataract, 87 with intumescent cataract and 34 with postoperatorial aphakia. Age from 2 to 15 years. 76.3% cases of evolution without postoperatorial complications, in 13.7% intraoperatorial were observed different complications. The work presents the results of surgical treatment 196 of children, who had innate cataract, by the method of facoasoriation with soft intra-eyepiece lens transplanting from 133 patients who had two-sided cataract, 63 had monolateral cataract. All children underwent laser simulation and videocomputer auto-training in post-operation period. As a result of the treatment, 66.8% patients got the amelioration of sight with 0.4, and 58% got binocular sight. The children's age varied between 6 months and 15 years. This article presents a review of the treatment results of 213 children with posttraumatic, congenital and complicated cataracts. The rehabilitation of the patients with the lens pathology includes a complex of measures of early diagnosis, surgery, optimal correction, medical treatment before and after surgery, the prophilaxis and treatment of complications. This approach permits to increase the visual acuity in 83.8% and to restore the binocular vision in 71.4% patients. PMID:21137197

Ivanov, G; Cu?nir, V; Septichina, Natalia; Cu?nir, Vitalie

2010-01-01

252

Minimizing Cardiovascular Complications by Early Diagnosis of Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some of these patients were frankly diabetic, but others had mildly impaired glucose tolerance and some had normal glucose tolerance. He also identified other CVD risk factors that were associated with resistance: hypertension, elevated triglycerides, and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. He named this cluster 'syndrome X.' He attributed the co-existence of CVD risk factors and diabetes to elevated free

Allen B King; Gary S Wolfe

2007-01-01

253

Maternal and fetal complications of the hypothyroidism-related pregnancy  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Thyroid pathology worsens during pregnancy. Hypothyroidism can be pre-existent or may begin during pregnancy period. Most of the patients who presented hypothyroidism during pregnancy have a history of thyroid disease for which they have undergone treatment (medical, surgical or radioisotopes). Hypothyroidism is difficult to be diagnosed during pregnancy as the signs can belong to pregnancy itself. Changes in thyroid function have a major negative impact on both mother and fetus. Complications that arise depend on the severity of hypothyroidism, on how appropriately and early the treatment will be initiated, on other obstetrical and extragenital pathologies associated with the present pregnancy. Clinical symptoms are polymorphic, often nonspecific, and are related mainly to the time of occurrence and to the severity of thyroid hormone deficiency. The appropriate, early administered treatment and maintenance of a normal level of thyroid hormones minimize the risk of maternal and fetal complications and make it possible that the pregnancy may be carried to term without severe complications.

Tudosa, Rodica; Vartej, P; Horhoianu, Irina; Ghica, C.; Mateescu, Stela; Dumitrache, I

2010-01-01

254

Laparoscopic surgery and its potential for medical complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laparoscopic surgery is very popular among physicians and patients because this technique is associated with safety, shorter hospital stay, early return to normal activity, and cosmetic acceptance of the operative scar. Although the procedure involves minimal invasion and tissue damage, it has potentially serious complications, including cardiopulmonary effects that result mainly from hypercarbia and raised intraabdominal pressure caused by pneumoperitoneum.

Kailash C. Sharma; Gary Kabinoff; Yvan Ducheine; Jennifer Tierney; Robert D. Brandstetter

1997-01-01

255

Advanced glycation endproducts: what is their relevance to diabetic complications?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glycation is a major cause of spontaneous damage to proteins in physiological systems. This is exacerbated in diabetes as a consequence of the increase in glucose and other saccharides derivatives in plasma and at the sites of vascular complications. Protein damage by the formation of early glycation adducts is limited to lysine side chain and N-terminal amino groups whereas later

N. Ahmed; P. J. Thornalley

2007-01-01

256

Exercise May Curtail COPD Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Exercise May Curtail COPD Complications Regular physical activity could cut need for ... Preidt Wednesday, April 9, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages COPD Exercise and Physical Fitness WEDNESDAY, April 9, 2014 ( ...

257

Complications of common carpal injuries.  

PubMed

Interest in the diagnosis and treatment of common disorders of the carpus has intensified in recent years. Although newer nonoperative and surgical procedures have developed to improve outcome, complications and their treatment remain a challenging problem. To address complications of the more common carpal injuries, we have chosen fractures of the scaphoid, scapholunate ligament injuries, carpal fracture dislocations, and fractures of the hook of the hamate for discussion. PMID:8188775

Culp, R W; Lemel, M; Taras, J S

1994-02-01

258

Surgical Complications after Kidney Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Surgical complications following renal transplan-tation can occur at any time, and are predominantly related to the transplant\\u000a wound, vascular anastomoses, or other urologic problems. Surgical complications continue to occur in about 10–20% of transplant\\u000a recipients, but fortunately, are rarely the cause of allograft loss. Improvements in surgical technique and meticulous attention\\u000a to both the donor and recipient operations have led

Stuart M. Flechner

259

[Postoperative complications in plastic surgery].  

PubMed

Plastic surgery covers a broad spectrum of diseases and conditions in the areas of reconstructive surgery, hand, burn and aesthetic surgery. Besides acquired defects or malformations an increasing number of patients are being treated for surgical or multimodal complications. In a considerable number of patients plastic and reconstructive surgery remains the only therapeutic alternative after other therapy has failed. Therefore complication management in plastic surgery is of utmost importance for a successful outcome. In addition patient expectations in the results of plastic surgery as a discipline of invention and problem solving are steadily increasing. This challenge is reflected in clinical patient management by intensive research in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Patients in plastic surgery are recruited from all age groups of either gender, involving traumatic and oncologic as well as congenital and aesthetic disorders. The demographics of aging, multimorbidity and obesity pose new challenges to plastic surgery. Although age over 70 years is not an independent risk factor per se for complications in plastic surgery, e.g. for complex free flap transfer, medical problems are present at a higher rate, which is to be expected in this age group. Risk factors such as alcoholism and coronary heart diseases seem to be independent predictors of perioperative complications. Therefore older patients can also benefit from plastic surgery and recurrent operations by the corresponding risk and complication management. Complication management necessitates careful patient selection, estimation of operative risks and patient-adapted selection of procedures. In addition to expertise in plastic surgery a thorough knowledge of non-surgical and surgical back-up procedures for technical incidents as well as vascular circulatory and wound healing disorders is required to deal successfully with complications in plastic surgery. This article presents these specific aspects of postoperative complication management in plastic surgery. PMID:19669715

Vogt, P M

2009-09-01

260

Neurologic Complications in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy  

PubMed Central

Purpose Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been the preferred procedure for the removal of large renal stones in Iran since 1990. Recently, we encountered a series of devastating neurologic complications during PCNL, including paraplegia and hemiplegia. There are several reports of neurologic complications following PCNL owing to paradoxical air emboli, but there are no reports of paraplegia following PCNL. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had undergone PCNL in 13 different endourologic centers and retrieved data related to neurologic complications after PCNL, including coma, paraplegia, hemiplegia, and quadriplegia. Results The total number of PCNL procedures in these 13 centers was 30,666. Among these procedures, 11 cases were complicated by neurologic events, and four of these cases experienced paraplegia. All events happened with the patient in the prone position with the use of general anesthesia and in the presence of air injection. There were no reports of neurologic complications in PCNL procedures performed with the patient under general anesthesia and in the prone position and with contrast injection. Conclusions It can be assumed that using room air to opacify the collecting system played a major role in the occurrence of these complications. Likewise, the prone position and general anesthesia may predispose to these events in the presence of air injection.

Basiri, Abbas; Soltani, Mohammad Hossein; Kamranmanesh, Mohammadreza; Tabibi, Ali; Mohsen Ziaee, Seyed Amir; Nouralizadeh, Akbar; Sharifiaghdas, Farzaneh; Poorzamani, Mahtab; Gharaei, Babak; Ozhand, Ardalan; Lashay, Alireza; Ahanian, Ali; Aminsharifi, Alireza; Sichani, Mehrdad Mohammadi; Asl-Zare, Mohammad; Ali Beigi, Faramarz Mohammad; Najjaran, Vahid; Abedinzadeh, Mehdi

2013-01-01

261

Embryonic stem cell research and the argument of complicity.  

PubMed

While the argument of complicity is only rarely discussed in bioethics, it is of obvious relevance to the issue of imported embryonic stem cells in countries in which the derivation of stem cells from early human embryos is legally prohibited and/or morally rejected. Complicity means that making use of the results or products of an illegal or morally problematic activity is itself morally problematic, although generally to a lesser degree than the original activity. The question arises as to which conditions make the argument of complicity plausible, thus supporting attacks against legislation that aims to promote research based on 'fruits of a forbidden tree'. This paper distinguishes a number of different variants of complicity, proposes that they deserve different kinds of moral valuation and applies the results to the ongoing debate about the German stem cell research law. PMID:19281659

Birnbacher, Dieter

2009-01-01

262

Complications following dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint.  

PubMed

Dorsal fracture-dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint are challenging injuries to treat and are associated with many complications. The determination of stability is crucial to appropriate management. Stable injuries can usually be treated nonsurgically, whereas unstable injuries typically require surgical stabilization. Many surgical techniques have been used, including extension block pinning, volar plate arthroplasty, open reduction and internal fixation, external fixation, and hemihamate autografting. Because stiffness and flexion contracture are frequent complications, every effort should be made to initiate early motion while maintaining concentric reduction. Other complications include redislocation, chronic swelling, swan neck and coronal plane deformities, and pin tract infections. Assessing injury characteristics, including chronicity, the percentage of articular surface fractured, and the degree of comminution, and understanding complications will help in determining the most appropriate treatment. Chronic dislocations and those injuries in which painful arthritis develops can be successfully treated with salvage procedures, including arthroplasty and arthrodesis. PMID:24720300

Mangelson, John J; Stern, Peter J; Abzug, Joshua M; Chang, James; Osterman, A Lee

2014-01-01

263

Pancreatic surgery: indications, complications, and implications for nutrition intervention.  

PubMed

Pancreatic surgery is a complicated procedure leaving postoperative patients with an altered gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy and a potential for further surgical complications such as leaks and fistulas. Beyond surgical complications, these patients are prone to delayed gastric emptying, fat malabsorption, and hyperglycemia, with early satiety and poor appetite further compromising nutrition status. Many of these patients are malnourished prior to this major surgical procedure, and significant weight loss is common postoperatively. Does this affect their outcome? There seems to be a lack of consensus in this patient population regarding how to optimize nutrition and limit potential deleterious effects of this surgery. It is important to first understand the underlying disease condition and the effects to the gland, different forms of surgery with subsequent GI alterations, and common surgical and digestive complications. Once this is reviewed, existing nutrition support literature will be explored in attempts to determine the best nutrition management in this patient population. PMID:23609476

Berry, Amy J

2013-06-01

264

Management of the complications of BPH/BOO  

PubMed Central

Most men will develop histological BPH if they live long enough. Approximately, half will develop benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) and about half of these will get BOO with high bladder pressures and low flow, this in turn leads to detrusor wall hypertrophy. Many of these men will only have lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) but a significant number will also suffer the other complications of BPH. These include urinary retention (acute and chronic), haematuria, urinary tract infection, bladder stones, bladder wall damage, renal dysfunction, incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Recognition of the complications of BPH/BOO early allows more effective management of these complications. This is particularly important for the more serious urinary infections and also for high-pressure chronic retention (HPCR). Complications of LUTS/BPH are very rare in clinical trials because of their strict inclusion and exclusion criteria but are more common in real life practice.

Speakman, Mark J.; Cheng, Xi

2014-01-01

265

General surgical complications can be predicted after cardiopulmonary bypass.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The authors review the general surgical complications of cardiopulmonary bypass, including newer procedures such as heart and lung transplantation, to identify patients at higher risk. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although rare, the general surgical complications of cardiopulmonary bypass are associated with high mortality. The early identification of patients at increased risk for these complications may allow for earlier detection and treatment of these problems to reduce mortality. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 1831 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass from 1991 to 1993. This was done to identify factors that significantly contributed to an increased risk of general surgical complications. RESULTS: Factors associated with an increased risk of general surgical complications included prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass (p < 0.005) and intensive care unit stay (p < 0.002), occurrence of arrhythmias (p < 0.001), use of inotropic agents (preoperatively or postoperatively p < 0.001), insertion of the intra-aortic balloon pump (preoperatively p < 0.005, postoperatively p < 0.001), use of steroids (p < 0.001), and prolonged ventilator support (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis identified use of the intra-aortic balloon pump (p < 0.001) as the strongest predictor of the general surgical complications of cardiopulmonary bypass. A variety of factors not contributing significantly to an increased risk also were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Factors indicative of or contributing to periods of decreased end-organ perfusion appear to be significantly related to general surgical complications after cardiopulmonary bypass.

Spotnitz, W D; Sanders, R P; Hanks, J B; Nolan, S P; Tribble, C G; Bergin, J D; Zacour, R K; Abbott, R D; Kron, I L

1995-01-01

266

Complications after volar locking plate fixation of distal radius fractures.  

PubMed

Volar locking plates are an increasingly popular treatment for distal radius fractures. We reviewed complications observed after volar locking plate fixation in a busy teaching hospital. The purpose of the study was to assess whether complication rates after volar locking plate use in general, routine trauma practice were higher than published literature from expert users. A retrospective review was carried out of patients treated with a volar locking plate between January 2009 and December 2010. The series included 206 procedures in 204 patients (77 males and 127 females) with mean age of 55 years (range 16-94). Surgery was performed by 18 different consultant surgeons and 11 registrars. A total of 22 complications were observed in 20 patients with an overall complication rate of 9.7%. Seven (3.4%) patients developed tendon problems including four (1.9%) tendon ruptures. Four (1.9%) patients required re-operation for metalwork problems; four patients developed complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Three fracture reduction problems were noted. A total of 16 further operations were carried out for complications. The overall complication rate was low even when surgery was done by many surgeons, suggesting that this is a safe and reproducible technique. This study provides information which can be used to counsel patients about risks, including those of tendon and metalwork problems. This allows patients to make an informed decision. Surgeons must have specific strategies to avoid these complications and remain vigilant so that these can be identified and managed early. PMID:24176679

Johnson, N A; Cutler, L; Dias, J J; Ullah, A S; Wildin, C J; Bhowal, B

2014-03-01

267

Evaluation of Complications of Extracapsular Cataract Extraction Performed by Trainees  

PubMed Central

Background: Cataract extraction is the most common intraocular surgery taught to residents. Aim: This study aims to review the complications of trainee-performed extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) so as to identify the steps in which the trainee can benefit from closer supervision and practice. Subjects and Methods: This was a descriptive retrospective study of complications in the initial 150 ECCE with intraocular lens implant performed by two Ophthalmologists, from the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, who visited a high volume training center. Both the intraoperative and early post-operative complications were studied. Data entry and analysis were performed descriptively using the Statiscal Package for the Social Sciences, SPSS version 15.0 (Chicago, IL, USA). Results: The age range of the patients was 40-95 years. The intraoperative complications included capsular flaps 12/161 (7.5%), posterior capsule rent, 10/161 (6.2%) and vitreous loss, 8/161 (5.0%). Corneal complications (striate keratopathy, superior corneal edema, generalized corneal edema and corneal folds) ranked highest in post-operative complications accounting for 34% (56/164). Conclusions: Performance of adequate and proper anterior capsulotomy, minimal handling of the cornea and avoidance of posterior capsular rent are some of the challenges of the trainee in mastering ECCE. Stepwise supervised training can help a trainee master these steps while keeping the complications at acceptably low levels.

Ezegwui, IR; Aghaji, AE; Okpala, NE; Onwasigwe, EN

2014-01-01

268

Complications of minimally invasive cosmetic procedures: prevention and management.  

PubMed

Over the past decade, facial rejuvenation procedures to circumvent traditional surgery have become increasingly popular. Office-based, minimally invasive procedures can promote a youthful appearance with minimal downtime and low risk of complications. Injectable botulinum toxin (BoNT), soft-tissue fillers, and chemical peels are among the most popular non-invasive rejuvenation procedures, and each has unique applications for improving facial aesthetics. Despite the simplicity and reliability of office-based procedures, complications can occur even with an astute and experienced injector. The goal of any procedure is to perform it properly and safely; thus, early recognition of complications when they do occur is paramount in dictating prevention of long-term sequelae. The most common complications from BoNT and soft-tissue filler injection are bruising, erythema and pain. With chemical peels, it is not uncommon to have erythema, irritation and burning. Fortunately, these side effects are normally transient and have simple remedies. More serious complications include muscle paralysis from BoNT, granuloma formation from soft-tissue filler placement and scarring from chemical peels. Thankfully, these complications are rare and can be avoided with excellent procedure technique, knowledge of facial anatomy, proper patient selection, and appropriate pre- and post-skin care. This article reviews complications of office-based, minimally invasive procedures, with emphasis on prevention and management. Practitioners providing these treatments should be well versed in this subject matter in order to deliver the highest quality care. PMID:23060707

Levy, Lauren L; Emer, Jason J

2012-04-01

269

Laparoscopic morcellator-related complications.  

PubMed

Morcellation at laparoscopy is a commonly used minimally invasive method to extract bulky tissue from the abdomen without extending abdominal incisions. Despite widespread use of morcellation, complications still remain underreported and poorly understood. We performed a systematic review of surgical centers in the United States to identify, collate and update the morcellator-related injuries and near misses associated with powered tissue removal. We searched articles on morcellator-related injuries published from 1993 through June 2013. In addition, all cases reported to MedSun and the FDA device database (MAUDE) were evaluated for inclusion. We used the search terms "morcellation," "morcellator," "parasitic," and "retained" and model name keywords "Morcellex," "MOREsolution," "PlasmaSORD," "Powerplus," "Rotocut," "SAWALHE," "Steiner," and "X-Tract." During the past 15 years, 55 complications were identified. Injuries involved the small and large bowels (n = 31), vascular system (n = 27), kidney (n = 3), ureter (n = 3), bladder (n = 1), and diaphragm (n = 1). Of these injuries, 11 involved more than 1 organ. Complications were identified intraoperatively in most patients (n = 37 [66%]); however, the remainder were not identified until up to 10 days postoperatively. Surgeon inexperience was a contributing factor in most cases in which a cause was ascribed. Six deaths were attributed to morcellator-related complications. Nearly all major complications were identified from the FDA device database and not from the published literature. The laparoscopic morcellator has substantially expanded our ability to complete procedures using minimally invasive techniques. Associated with this opportunity have been increasing reports of major and minor intraoperative complications. These complications are largely unreported, likely because of publication bias associated with catastrophic events. Surgeon experience likely confers some protection against these injuries. Understanding and implementing safe practices associated with the use of the laparoscopic morcellator will reduce these iatrogenic injuries. PMID:24333632

Milad, Magdy P; Milad, Elizabeth A

2014-01-01

270

Neurologic complications of arrhythmia treatment.  

PubMed

An arrhythmia is defined as an abnormal heart rhythm. Certain arrhythmias have much higher rates of neurologic complications, including stroke, cognitive impairment, and dementia. The purpose of this paper is to review both the direct and indirect causes of neurologic problems caused by arrhythmias. Direct complications from arrhythmia can include stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), and varying disorders of cognition. According to the Stroke Data Bank, which divided potential direct causes of cardioembolic stroke into strong and weak sources, both atrial fibrillation and sick-sinus syndrome were considered to be strong sources of this type of ischemic stroke. Indirect causes of neurologic complications include cardiopulmonary resuscitation, medications, cardiology procedures, and cardiac surgical procedures used to treat arrhythmias. PMID:24365293

Leary, Megan C; Veluz, Jeffrey S; Caplan, Louis R

2014-01-01

271

Complications of endoscopic CO2 laser surgery for laryngeal cancer and concepts of their management.  

PubMed

Endoscopic CO2 laser surgery (ELS) is a widely accepted treatment modality for early laryngeal cancer. Commonly reported advantages of ELS are good oncologic results with low incidence of complications. Although less common if compared with open procedures, complications following ELS can be very serious, even with lethal outcome. They can range from intraoperative endotracheal tube fire accidents to early and late postoperative sequels that require intensive medical treatment, blood transfusion, or revision surgery. We present our institutional experience, discuss the possible complications of ELS for laryngeal cancer, and outline the concepts of their treatment, with comprehensive literature review. Complications are more frequent following the treatment of supraglottic as compared to glottic cancer. If compared with open surgery, ELS for laryngeal cancer is associated with a lower incidence of complications. Every surgeon performing ELS should comply with particular strategies to avoid complications in the first place, and have a clear concept of their management if they occur. PMID:24611361

Prgomet, Drago; Baci?, Antun; Prstaci?, Ratko; Janjanin, Sasa

2013-12-01

272

Lymphatic complications in surgery: possibility of prevention and therapeutic options.  

PubMed

The problem of prevention of lymphatic complications in surgery is extremely important if we think about the frequency of both early complications such as lymphorrhea, lymphocele, wound dehiscence and infections and late complications such as lymphangitis and lymphedema. Nowadays, it is possible to identify risk patients and prevent these lesions or treat them at an early stage. This report helps to demonstrate how it is important to integrate diagnostic and clinical findings to better understand how to properly identify risk patients for lymphatic injuries and, therefore, when it is useful and proper to do prevention. Authors report their experiences in the prevention and treatment of lymphatic injuries after surgical operations and trauma. After an accurate diagnostic approach, prevention is based on different technical procedures among which microsurgical procedures. It is very important to follow-up the patient not only clinically but also by lymphoscintigraphy. A protocol of prevention of secondary limb lymphedema was proposed and it includes, from the diagnostic point of view, lymphoscintigraphy and, as concerns therapy, it recognizes also a role to early microsurgery. It is necessary to accurately follow-up the patient who has undergone an operation at risk for the appearance of lymphatic complications and, even better, to assess clinically and by lymphoscintigraphy the patient before surgical operation. PMID:22821181

Boccardo, Francesco; Campisi, Corrado Cesare; Molinari, Lidia; Dessalvi, Sara; Santi, Pier Luigi; Campisi, Corradino

2012-09-01

273

[Psychiatric complications of cannabis use].  

PubMed

Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance, especially among young people. Cannabis use is extremely commonplace and frequently comorbid with psychiatric disorders that raise questions about the etiology. The use of cannabis is an aggravating factor of all psychiatric disorders. Psychiatric complications are related to the age of onset, duration of exposure and individual risk factors of the individual (mental and social health). The panic attack is the most common complication. The link with psychosis is narrow that leads to increased prevention for vulnerable populations. Cannabis is also an indicator of increased depressive vulnerability and an aggravating factor for bipolar disorder. PMID:24579344

Coscas, Sarah; Benyamina, Amine; Reynaud, Michel; Karila, Laurent

2013-12-01

274

Significance of oligohydramnios complicating pregnancy.  

PubMed

Oligohydramnios is a serious complication of pregnancy that is associated with a poor perinatal outcome. Eighty pregnancies complicated by oligohydramnios constitute the basis for this retrospective study. Forty patients had premature rupture of the membranes; of these, outcomes were good in 25. Twelve of 14 fetuses with oligohydramnios and intrauterine growth retardation survived. None of the nine fetuses with severe renal anomalies lived. None of the twins with twin-twin transfusion and oligohydramnios survived. Six pregnancies with oligohydramnios and premature separation of the placenta were identified; all of these resulted in fetal or neonatal death during the second trimester. PMID:2048607

Shenker, L; Reed, K L; Anderson, C F; Borjon, N A

1991-06-01

275

Acute Pancreatitis Complicating Severe Dengue  

PubMed Central

Dengue is an arthropod borne viral infection endemic in tropical and subtropical continent. Severe dengue is life threatening. Various atypical presentations of dengue have been documented. But we present a rare and fatal complication of severe dengue in form of acute pancreatitis. A 27-year-old male had presented with severe dengue in decompensated shock and with pain in abdomen due to pancreatitis. The pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis in dengue is not clearly understood, but various mechanisms are postulated. The awareness and timely recognition of this complication is very important for proper management.

Jain, Vishakha; Gupta, OP; Rao, Tarun; Rao, Siddharth

2014-01-01

276

Augmentation cystoplasty: Contemporary indications, techniques and complications  

PubMed Central

Augmentation cystoplasty (AC) has traditionally been used in the treatment of the low capacity, poorly compliant or refractory overactive bladder (OAB). The use of intravesical botulinum toxin and sacral neuromodulation in detrusor overactivity has reduced the number of AC performed for this indication. However, AC remains important in the pediatric and renal transplant setting and still remains a viable option for refractory OAB. Advances in surgical technique have seen the development of both laparoscopic and robotic augmentation cystoplasty. A variety of intestinal segments can be used although ileocystoplasty remains the most common performed procedure. Early complications include thromboembolism and mortality, whereas long-term problems include metabolic disturbance, bacteriuria, urinary tract stones, incontinence, perforation, the need for intermittent self-catheterization and carcinoma. This article examines the contemporary indications, published results and possible future directions for augmentation cystoplasty.

Veeratterapillay, Rajan; Thorpe, Andrew C.; Harding, Chris

2013-01-01

277

Kidney complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.  

PubMed

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) exposes a patient's kidneys to a unique combination of challenges, including high-dose radiation, anemia, chemotherapeutic agents, graft-versus-host disease, opportunistic infections, attenuated and altered immunologic responses, fluid and electrolyte imbalances, and extensive courses of antimicrobial agents. Since the inception of HSCT in the 1950s, there has been increasing interest in defining, determining, and managing the kidney complications that accompany this procedure. In this article, we review the common causes of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease that occur with HSCT, including HSCT-associated thrombotic microangiopathy, a distinct cause of chronic kidney disease with a multifactorial cause previously known as bone marrow transplant nephropathy or radiation nephropathy. Additionally, we review other kidney complications, including calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity and chronic graft-versus-host disease-associated glomerulonephritis, that develop post-HSCT. Critically, due to its grave prognosis, it is important to identify HSCT-associated thrombotic microangiopathy early, as well as distinguish it from the other causes of chronic kidney disease. PMID:23291149

Singh, Neeraj; McNeely, Jonathan; Parikh, Samir; Bhinder, Arvinder; Rovin, Brad H; Shidham, Ganesh

2013-05-01

278

Obliterative bronchiolitis complicating bone marrow transplantation.  

PubMed

Respiratory complications of bone marrow transplantation comprise the majority of its morbidity and mortality. Obstructive airways disease is the most common noninfectious respiratory complication, usually indicative of obliterative bronchiolitis (OB), which occurs in 9% of allogeneic marrow transplant patients. OB is rarely seen after autologous transplant because chronic graft versus host disease (GVH), the most commonly identified risk factor, does not occur in this setting. Alloreactive immunity is likely the cause, with donor type 2 T-helper (TH2) lymphocytes the primary mediators. OB presents at 6 to 12 months post-transplant with cough and dyspnea. Results of investigations include relatively normal or hyperinflated chest radiographs; thickened, dilated airways; and mosaic attenuation on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and fixed airflow obstruction, hyperinflation, and gas trapping on physiological testing. Bronchoscopy and lavage are performed primarily to exclude infections. Transbronchial biopsy is often nondiagnostic, but because the clinical diagnosis is generally sufficient, surgical biopsy is not usually recommended. Histology reveals lymphocytic bronchiolitis, concentric bronchiolar fibrosis, and bronchiolar obliteration. Corticosteroids remain the mainstay of treatment, which is usually required for 3 to 9 months. Response is generally poor, with mortality between 40 and 100%, and lung function infrequently improves. Stabilization with permanent respiratory impairment is common. Early detection and prompt immunosuppression may improve outcomes. PMID:16088571

Marras, Theodore K; Chan, Charles K N

2003-10-01

279

Prevention of the Musculoskeletal Complications of Hemophilia  

PubMed Central

Hemophilia is an inherited disorder of clotting factor deficiencies resulting in musculoskeletal bleeding, including hemarthroses, leading to musculoskeletal complications. The articular problems of hemophiliac patients begin in infancy. These include: recurrent hemarthroses, chronic synovitis, flexion deformities, hypertrophy of the growth epiphyses, damage to the articular cartilage, and hemophilic arthropathy. The most commonly affected joints are the ankle, the knee, and the elbow. Hematologic prophylactic treatment from ages 2 to 18 years could avoid the development of hemophilic arthropathy if the concentration of the patient's deficient factor is prevented from falling below 1% of normal. Hemarthroses can be prevented by the administration of clotting factor concentrates (prophylaxis). However, high costs and the need for venous access devices in younger children continue to complicate recommendations for universal prophylaxis. Prevention of joint arthropathy needs to focus on prevention of hemarthroses through prophylaxis, identifying early joint disease through the optimal use of cost-effective imaging modalities and the validation of serological markers of joint arthropathy. Screening for effects on bone health and optimal management of pain to improve quality of life are, likewise, important issues. Major hemarthrosis and chronic hemophilic synovitis should be treated aggressively to prevent hemophilic arthropathy.

Rodriguez-Merchan, E. C.

2012-01-01

280

Pneumopericardium: an uncommon complication of atrial lead perforation following pacemaker implantation.  

PubMed

Cardiac perforation is an infrequent but potentially life-threatening complication of pacemaker implantation. We report a case of right atrial lead perforation complicated by pneumopericardium shortly after pacemaker lead insertion. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed no evidence of pericardial effusion and pacemaker lead displacement, but a thoracic computed tomography scan illustrated the lead course and confirmed the diagnosis. This case suggests that computed tomography is a sensitive modality to confirm the diagnosis at the early stage of this complication. PMID:24783478

Higny, Julien; Blommaert, Dominique

2014-04-01

281

Practical approach to management of respiratory complications in neurological disorders  

PubMed Central

Patients with certain neurological diseases are at increased risk of developing chest infections as well as respiratory failure due to muscular weakness. In particular, patients with certain neuromuscular disorders are at higher risk. These conditions are often associated with sleep disordered breathing. It is important to identify patients at risk of respiratory complications early in the course of their disease, although patients with neuromuscular disorders often present in the acute setting with respiratory involvement. This review of the respiratory complications of neurological disorders, with a particular focus on neuromuscular disorders, explores why this happens and looks at how to recognize, investigate, and manage these patients effectively.

Mangera, Zaheer; Panesar, Gurkirat; Makker, Himender

2012-01-01

282

Major Depression and Complicated Grief  

MedlinePLUS

... and bereavement Next Topic Coping with loss Major depression and complicated grief Depression It’s common for people to have sadness, pain, ... might be getting worse—going into a major depression. About 1 in 5 bereaved people will develop ...

283

The complication of pneumatic retinopexy.  

PubMed Central

There have been 26 published series with a total of 1274 detachments operated with pneumatic retinopexy. Eighty percent were reattached with a single procedure and 98% with reoperations. New breaks occurred in 13% and PVR in 4%. The complications published in 101 papers on pneumatic retinopexy in the last 5 years are analyzed as to frequency, prevention, management, and results.

Hilton, G F; Tornambe, P E; Brinton, D A; Flood, T P; Green, S; Grizzard, W S; Hammer, M E; Leff, S R; Mascuilli, L; Morgan, C M

1990-01-01

284

Anaesthetic complications in plastic surgery.  

PubMed

Anaesthesia related complications in plastic surgeries are fortunately rare, but potentially catastrophic. Maintaining patient safety in the operating room is a major concern of anaesthesiologists, surgeons, hospitals and surgical facilities. Circumventing preventable complications is essential and pressure to avoid these complications in cosmetic surgery is increasing. Key aspects of patient safety in the operating room are outlined, including patient positioning, airway management and issues related to some specific conditions, essential for minimizing post-operative morbidity. Risks associated with extremes of age in the plastic surgery population, may be minimised by a better understanding of the physiologic changes as well as the pre-operative and post-operative considerations in caring for this special group of patients. An understanding of the anaesthesiologist's concerns during paediatric plastic surgical procedures can facilitate the coordination of efforts between the multiple services involved in the care of these children. Finally, the reader will have a better understanding of the perioperative care of unique populations including the morbidly obese and the elderly. Attention to detail in these aspects of patient safety can help avoid unnecessary complication and significantly improve the patients' experience and surgical outcome. PMID:24501480

Nath, Soumya Sankar; Roy, Debashis; Ansari, Farrukh; Pawar, Sundeep T

2013-05-01

285

Cardiac complications of Behcet's disease.  

PubMed

We describe two patients with Behcet's disease (BD) with cardiac complications and their response to treatment. This report adds to the evidence that cardiac involvement can be a feature of Behcet's disease and may be more common than previously thought. PMID:24526249

Jagadeesh, L Yalakki; Wajed, J; Sangle, S R; Carr-White, G; D'Cruz, D P

2014-08-01

286

Pregnancy complicated by Hodgkin's disease.  

PubMed

Hodgkin's disease (HD) in association with pregnancy is rarely reported. Thus, the data in the management of pregnancy complicated by HD is limited. We report here the management of advanced HD in pregnancy that was treated successfully with chemotherapy. PMID:17240590

Fadilah, S A W; Leong, C F; Jamil, M Y M A; Cheong, S K; Rozilaila, R

2006-08-01

287

Fetal complications of obstetric cholestasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among 56 pregnancies complicated by obstetric cholestasis five intrauterine deaths and one neonatal death occurred between 33 and 39 weeks, and a further six infants required urgent delivery for intrapartum asphyxia. Eighteen spontaneous premature deliveries occurred. Five mothers required specific treatment for unexplained postpartum haemorrhage. Cholestasis of pregnancy is therefore not a condition benign to the fetus, and it may

RICHARD REID; K J Ivey; R H Rencoret; B Storey

1976-01-01

288

Anaesthetic complications in plastic surgery  

PubMed Central

Anaesthesia related complications in plastic surgeries are fortunately rare, but potentially catastrophic. Maintaining patient safety in the operating room is a major concern of anaesthesiologists, surgeons, hospitals and surgical facilities. Circumventing preventable complications is essential and pressure to avoid these complications in cosmetic surgery is increasing. Key aspects of patient safety in the operating room are outlined, including patient positioning, airway management and issues related to some specific conditions, essential for minimizing post-operative morbidity. Risks associated with extremes of age in the plastic surgery population, may be minimised by a better understanding of the physiologic changes as well as the pre-operative and post-operative considerations in caring for this special group of patients. An understanding of the anaesthesiologist's concerns during paediatric plastic surgical procedures can facilitate the coordination of efforts between the multiple services involved in the care of these children. Finally, the reader will have a better understanding of the perioperative care of unique populations including the morbidly obese and the elderly. Attention to detail in these aspects of patient safety can help avoid unnecessary complication and significantly improve the patients’ experience and surgical outcome.

Nath, Soumya Sankar; Roy, Debashis; Ansari, Farrukh; Pawar, Sundeep T.

2013-01-01

289

Facial filler and neurotoxin complications.  

PubMed

Botulinum neuromodulators and injectable dermal fillers have become part of the armamentarium in the treatment of facial aging. Their successful use requires a fundamental knowledge of anatomy and physiology and a sound understanding of their risks and complications. Although neuromodulators and fillers continue to demonstrate a strong record of safety, several notable risks exist. PMID:22723229

Nettar, Kartik; Maas, Corey

2012-06-01

290

Bronchogenic cyst with multiple complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bronchogenic cysts are a rare type of mediastinal mass thought to arise from abnormal budding of the embryologic foregut. This paper presents a rare case of a 32-year-old male who developed multiple serious complications from a bronchial cyst. This rare presentation is discussed and the role of CT and MR imaging in making the diagnosis is highlighted. © 2007 Biomedical

G Marshall; C Cheah; NP Lenzo

2007-01-01

291

Vascular complications in diabetic pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until now, vascular complications in diabetic pregnancy are mainly related to hyperglycemia caused by type 1 diabetes (Type 1 DM). Progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) occurs at least temporarily during pregnancy and postpartum. There is a short-term increase in the level of retinopathy during pregnancy that persisted into the first year postpartum. Nephropathy is associated with increased risk of preeclampsia,

R. Kaaja

2011-01-01

292

Spontaneous rupture of a cystic mediastinal teratoma complicated by superior vena cava syndrome.  

PubMed

Spontaneous rupture of cystic mediastinal teratomas is rare but may cause serious complications. Here we report an unusual case of a cystic teratoma, which ruptured into the mediastinal and pleural cavities resulting in superior vena cava syndrome, acute mediastinitis, and pleural effusion. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment of ruptured mediastinal teratomas are essential to preventing life-threatening complications. PMID:24484811

Liu, Chia-Hsin; Peng, Yi-Jen; Wang, Hong-Hau; Cheng, Yeung-Lung; Chen, Chien-Wen

2014-02-01

293

The current role of endourologic management of renal transplantation complications.  

PubMed

Introduction. Complications following renal transplantation include ureteral obstruction, urinary leak and fistula, urinary retention, urolithiasis, and vesicoureteral reflux. These complications have traditionally been managed with open surgical correction, but minimally invasive techniques are being utilized frequently. Materials and Methods. A literature review was performed on the use of endourologic techniques for the management of urologic transplant complications. Results. Ureterovesical anastomotic stricture is the most common long-term urologic complication following renal transplantation. Direct vision endoureterotomy is successful in up to 79% of cases. Urinary leak is the most frequent renal transplant complication early in the postoperative period. Up to 62% of patients have been successfully treated with maximal decompression (nephrostomy tube, ureteral stent, and Foley catheter). Excellent outcomes have been reported following transurethral resection of the prostate shortly after transplantation for patients with urinary retention. Vesicoureteral reflux after renal transplant is common. Deflux injection has been shown to resolve reflux in up to 90% of patients with low-grade disease in the absence of high pressure voiding. Donor-gifted and de novo transplant calculi may be managed with shock wave, ureteroscopic, or percutaneous lithotripsy. Conclusions. Recent advances in equipment and technique have allowed many transplant patients with complications to be effectively managed endoscopically. PMID:24023541

Duty, Brian D; Conlin, Michael J; Fuchs, Eugene F; Barry, John M

2013-01-01

294

The Current Role of Endourologic Management of Renal Transplantation Complications  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Complications following renal transplantation include ureteral obstruction, urinary leak and fistula, urinary retention, urolithiasis, and vesicoureteral reflux. These complications have traditionally been managed with open surgical correction, but minimally invasive techniques are being utilized frequently. Materials and Methods. A literature review was performed on the use of endourologic techniques for the management of urologic transplant complications. Results. Ureterovesical anastomotic stricture is the most common long-term urologic complication following renal transplantation. Direct vision endoureterotomy is successful in up to 79% of cases. Urinary leak is the most frequent renal transplant complication early in the postoperative period. Up to 62% of patients have been successfully treated with maximal decompression (nephrostomy tube, ureteral stent, and Foley catheter). Excellent outcomes have been reported following transurethral resection of the prostate shortly after transplantation for patients with urinary retention. Vesicoureteral reflux after renal transplant is common. Deflux injection has been shown to resolve reflux in up to 90% of patients with low-grade disease in the absence of high pressure voiding. Donor-gifted and de novo transplant calculi may be managed with shock wave, ureteroscopic, or percutaneous lithotripsy. Conclusions. Recent advances in equipment and technique have allowed many transplant patients with complications to be effectively managed endoscopically.

Duty, Brian D.; Conlin, Michael J.; Fuchs, Eugene F.; Barry, John M.

2013-01-01

295

Hyperglycemic crises and their complications in children.  

PubMed

The object of this review is to provide the definitions and criteria for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS), and convey current knowledge of the causes of permanent disability or mortality from complications of these conditions, of the risk factors for DKA and HHS, and of early indicators and contemporary treatment of suspected cerebral edema. The frequency of DKA at onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) varies from 10-70%, depending on availability of health care and frequency of diabetes. At the onset of type 2 diabetes (DM2), DKA occurs in 5-52%. One study reported HHS in approximately 4% of new patients with DM2. Recurrent DKA rates are equally dependent on variability in medical services and socio-economic circumstances, and are estimated to be eight episodes per 100 patient years, with 20% of patients accounting for 80% of the episodes. Mortality for each episode of DKA internationally varies from 0.15-0.31%, with idiopathic cerebral edema accounting for two-thirds or more of this mortality. Other causes of death or disability include untreated DKA or HHS, hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hypoglycemia, other intracerebral complications, peripheral venous thrombosis, mucormycosis, rhabdomyolysis, acute pancreatitis, acute renal failure, sepsis, aspiration pneumonia, and other pulmonary complications. Population-based studies from the UK, Australia, the USA, and Canada report cerebral edema incidence in DKA of 0.5-2.0%. Published information does not support the notion that treatment factors are causal in cerebral edema. Younger age, greater severity of acidosis, degree of hypocapnia, and severity of dehydration have been suggested as risk factors in several studies. Bimodal distribution of the time of onset of cerebral edema and wide variation in brain imaging findings suggest the variability and likely multiple causation of the clinical picture. Functional brain scanning has indicated that DKA is accompanied by increased cerebral blood flow suggesting that the predominant mechanism of edema formation is a vasogenic process. A method of monitoring for diagnostic and major and minor signs of cerebral edema has been proposed and tested which indicates that intervention will be required in five individuals to provide early intervention for a single case of cerebral edema. The preferred intervention of mannitol infusion has typically been accompanied by intubation and hyperventilation, but recent evidence indicates outcome is adversely affected by aggressive hyperventilation. The prevention of DKA and HHS at the onset of diabetes mellitus requires a high degree of awareness and suspicion by primary care providers; prevention of recurrent DKA necessitates a diligent team effort. PMID:17315523

Rosenbloom, Arlan L

2007-01-01

296

[Severe complication of a bonded mandibular lingual retainer].  

PubMed

Bonding a flexible spiral wire retainer to the lingual surfaces of all six anterior mandibular teeth is a commonly used type of retention. Complications are rare but can be serious enough to produce biologic damage. This article presents a serious complication of a lingual flexible spiral wire retainer. Four years after the orthodontic treatment, a 20-years-old man sought treatment for a broken flexible spiral wire retainer. The clinical examination showed about 35° of buccal root torque of that tooth. A cone-beam computed tomography image showed that the root and the apex of the tooth were almost completely out of the bone on its buccal side. Surprisingly, the tooth's vitality was preserved. The tooth was moved back, nearly to its original position; clinically, only a gingival recession remained. Orthodontists and dentists should be aware of possible complications of bonded retainers. Patients should be clearly informed how to detect problems at an early stage. PMID:24923220

Pazera, Pawel; Fudalej, Piotr; Katsaros, Christos

2014-06-01

297

Early management of acute pancreatitis.  

PubMed

Acute pancreatitis is the most common gastro-intestinal indication for acute hospitalization and its incidence continues to rise. In severe pancreatitis, morbidity and mortality remains high and is mainly driven by organ failure and infectious complications. Early management strategies should aim to prevent or treat organ failure and to reduce infectious complications. This review addresses the management of acute pancreatitis in the first hours to days after onset of symptoms, including fluid therapy, nutrition and endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. This review also discusses the recently revised Atlanta classification which provides new uniform terminology, thereby facilitating communication regarding severity and complications of pancreatitis. PMID:24160930

Schepers, Nicolien J; Besselink, Marc G H; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C; Bakker, Olaf J; Bruno, Marco J

2013-10-01

298

Pulmonary complications after spine surgery.  

PubMed

Spine surgery is one of the fastest growing branches of orthopedic surgery. Patients often present with a relatively high acuity and, depending on surgical approach, morbidity and mortality can be comparatively high. Among the most prevalent and most frequently fatality-bound perioperative complications are those affecting the pulmonary system; evidence of clinical or subclinical lung injury triggered by spine surgical procedures is emerging. Increasing burden of comorbidity among the patient population further increases the likelihood of adverse outcome. This review is intended to give an overview over some of the most important causes of pulmonary complications after spine surgery, their pathophysiology and possible ways to reduce harm associated with those conditions. We discuss factors surrounding surgical trauma, timing of surgery, bone marrow and debris embolization, transfusion associated lung injury, and ventilator associated lung injury. PMID:23293756

Stundner, Ottokar; Taher, Fadi; Pawar, Abhijit; Memtsoudis, Stavros G

2012-10-18

299

Complications of small joint arthroplasty.  

PubMed

Arthritis in the small joints of the hand can be treated with arthrodesis or arthroplasty. Arthrodesis has known risks of infection, pain, and nonunion. Distal interphalangeal (DIP) arthroplasty has been successful in preserving motion and alleviating pain for distal DIP, proximal interphalangeal, and metacarpophalangeal joints. Unfortunately, complications arise that limit the success of surgery. Silicone implants have been reliable for many years but still present with the risks of infection, implant breakage, stiffness, and pain. Newer implant designs may limit some of these complications, but present with unique problems such as dislocations and loosening. It is not yet clear as to which type of implant provides the most reliable results, although implant arthroplasty appears to give better function than arthrodesis. Silicone arthroplasty does not lead to silicone synovitis and is a reliable procedure. Pyrocarbon implants are showing some promise, particularly in the osteoarthritic patient. PMID:20494746

Drake, Matthew L; Segalman, Keith A

2010-05-01

300

Inflammatory mechanisms of diabetic complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activation of inflammatory processes may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In addition, inflammation\\u000a appears to be a major mechanism responsible for vascular damage leading to the clinically well-recognized complications of\\u000a diabetes. Inflammatory cytokine and chemokine mediators released from visceral fat contribute to atherosclerotic plaque formation\\u000a and increased risk for myocardial infarction and stroke. Activation of growth

Michael D. Williams; Jerry L. Nadler

2007-01-01

301

Hemorrhagic complications in dermatologic surgery  

PubMed Central

The ability to recognize, manage, and, most importantly, prevent hemorrhagic complications is critical to performing dermatologic procedures that have safe and high quality outcomes. This article reviews the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors and patient dynamics that are central to preventing such an adverse outcome. Specifically, the role that anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents, hypertension, and other medical conditions play in the development of postoperative hemorrhage are discussed. In addition, this article provides practical guidelines on managing bleeding during and after surgery.

Bunick, Christopher G.; Aasi, Sumaira Z.

2014-01-01

302

Extrathyroidal complications of Graves' disease.  

PubMed

Ophthalmopathy, pretibial myxoedema and acropachy are progressively less common features of Graves' disease with unknown but probably related aetiologies (Table 1). Treatment for affected eyes and skin is unsatisfactory and will only improve when we understand the pathogenesis of these complications and their arcane relationship with thyroid autoimmunity. This brief review will highlight recent research which suggests that fibroblast activation is critical to the appearance of ophthalmopathy and dermopathy; more general overviews can be found elsewhere. PMID:7692461

Weetman, A P

1993-08-01

303

Oral complications in cancer patients  

SciTech Connect

Ionizing radiation used in treating the head and neck area produces oral side effects such as mucositis, salivary changes, trismus and radiation caries. Sequelae of cancer chemotherapy often include oral stomatitis, myelosuppression and immunosuppression. Infections of dental origin in compromised patients are potentially lethal. Specific programs to eliminate dental pathology before radiation and chemotherapy, and to maintain oral hygiene during and after therapy, will minimize these complications.

Carl, W.

1983-02-01

304

Encephalopathies: the emerging diabetic complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetic encephalopathies are now accepted complications of diabetes. They appear to differ in type 1 and type 2 diabetes\\u000a as to underlying mechanisms and the nature of resulting cognitive deficits. The increased incidence of Alzheimer’s disease\\u000a in type 2 diabetes is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia, and commonly accompanying attributes\\u000a such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and obesity. The relevance

Anders A. F. Sima

2010-01-01

305

Surgical management of complicated diverticulitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred forty patients who had complicated diverticular disease were identified in a retrospective review at the Lahey\\u000a Clinic between 1967 and 1982. Of these patients, 86 underwent resection with primary anastomosis with a 1 percent mortality\\u000a rate and an 18 percent morbidity rate; 13 had resection with anastomosis and creation of a proximal colostomy with no death\\u000a and a

Alan W. Hackford; David J. Schoetz; John A. Coller; Malcolm C. Veidenheimer

1985-01-01

306

Complications of laparoscopic urologic surgery.  

PubMed

Laparoscopic techniques performed in the urologic setting have received great attention in the past decade. With the development of improved laparoscopic instrumentation, approaches to gonadal, renal, prostate, and bladder diseases have been successfully performed. A discussion of urologic laparoscopy (UL) with particular attention to potential complications and limitations is presented. Awareness of these evolving technologies remains critical to all surgeons with an interest in laparoscopy. PMID:15630945

Madeb, Ralph; Koniaris, Leonidas G; Patel, Hitendra R H; Dana, James F; Nativ, Ofer; Moskovitz, Boaz; Erturk, Erdal; Joseph, Jean V

2004-10-01

307

Oxidative stress and diabetic complications  

PubMed Central

Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the development of diabetes complications, both microvascular and cardiovascular. The metabolic abnormalities of diabetes cause mitochondrial superoxide overproduction in endothelial cells of both large and small vessels, and also in the myocardium. This increased superoxide production causes the activation of five major pathways involved in the pathogenesis of complications: polyol pathway flux, increased formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), increased expression of the receptor for AGEs and its activating ligands, activation of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms, and overactivity of the hexosamine pathway. It also directly inactivates two critical antiatherosclerotic enzymes, eNOS and prostacyclin synthase. Through these pathways, increased intracellular ROS cause defective angiogenesis in response to ischemia, activate a number of pro-inflammatory pathways, and cause long-lasting epigenetic changes which drive persistent expression of proinflammatory genes after glycemia is normalized (‘hyperglycemic memory’). Atherosclerosis and cardiomyopathy in type 2 diabetes are caused in part by pathway-selective insulin resistance, which increases mitochondrial ROS production from free fatty acids and by inactivation of anti-atherosclerosis enzymes by ROS. Overexpression of superoxide dismutase in transgenic diabetic mice prevents diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and cardiomyopathy. The aim of this review is to highlight advances in understanding the role of metabolite-generated ROS in the development of diabetic complications.

Giacco, Ferdinando; Brownlee, Michael

2010-01-01

308

Patients' lives following stapedectomy complications.  

PubMed

Nowadays, it is widely accepted that patients must be informed about the risks associated with any type of surgical procedure. Usually, the information provided consists of quoting a list of risks and their probability of occurrence based on data from the literature, and, more appropriately, the figures reflecting the surgeon's personal experience. As a rule, such data are sufficient to hold up in court in the event of a lawsuit, but may be insufficient to help patients make the most appropriate choice. We report two cases that presented complications following stapedotomy. Both cases had a sensorineural hearing loss and a vestibular deficit. This paper aims at describing the important psychological and social consequences of these complications. The potential impact of such complications on the quality of life and the projects for the future of these young patients was predictable. In order to better assist patients in choosing amongst options, we have taken action and modified our approach in advising our patients eligible for stapedotomy procedures. PMID:17245071

Guyot, Jean-Philippe; Sakbani, Kenan

2007-01-01

309

Neurologic complications after liver transplantation  

PubMed Central

Neurologic complications are relatively common after solid organ transplantation and affect 15%-30% of liver transplant recipients. Etiology is often related to immunosuppressant neurotoxicity and opportunistic infections. Most common complications include seizures and encephalopathy, and occurrence of central pontine myelinolysis is relatively specific for liver transplant recipients. Delayed allograft function may precipitate hepatic encephalopathy and neurotoxicity of calcineurin inhibitors typically manifests with tremor, headaches and encephalopathy. Reduction of neurotoxic immunosuppressants or conversion to an alternative medication usually result in clinical improvement. Standard preventive and diagnostic protocols have helped to reduce the prevalence of opportunistic central nervous system (CNS) infections, but viral and fungal CNS infections still affect 1% of liver transplant recipients, and the morbidity and mortality in the affected patients remain fairly high. Critical illness myopathy may also affect up to 7% of liver transplant recipients. Liver insufficiency is also associated with various neurologic disorders which may improve or resolve after successful liver transplantation. Accurate diagnosis and timely intervention are essential to improve outcomes, while advances in clinical management and extended post-transplant survival are increasingly shifting the focus to chronic post-transplant complications which are often encountered in a community hospital and an outpatient setting.

Zivkovic, Sasa A

2013-01-01

310

Use of recombinant thrombomodulin in disseminated intravascular coagulation complicated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.  

PubMed

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is frequently lethal in its early phase due to complicating disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The authors report a 14-mo-old girl with severe DIC complicating Epstein-Barr virus associated HLH. She was successfully treated with immunochemotherapy consisting mainly of etoposide and additional recombinant thrombomodulin (r-TM), a newly developed anticoagulant. Although the efficacy of r-TM cannot be proven in a single case report, additional anticoagulation therapy with r-TM is safe and may reduce early deaths in patients with DIC-complicated severe HLH. More clinical experience is required, although r-TM is currently licensed only in Japan. PMID:23912823

Yamamoto, Masaki; Hori, Tsukasa; Hatakeyama, Naoki; Igarashi, Keita; Inazawa, Natsuko; Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki; Suzuki, Nobuhiro

2014-03-01

311

[Antibiotic prophylaxis of infectious complications in gynecologic surgery].  

PubMed

Infections are still the most frequent postoperative complications and one of the limiting factors of successful gynaecological surgery. In recent years information on successful anti-microbial chemoprophylaxis is increasing and is associated with reduced postoperative inflammations, febrile morbidity and early complications. Views differ above all as regards indications for the use of antibiotic prophylaxis and the selection of a suitable antibiotic. Data in the literature differ also as regards achieved results. The submitted work had the objective to test on a representative group the success and rationality of medicamentous prophylaxis in gynaecological surgery and to contribute to a clearer view on controversial points. 203 women admitted to the Second Gynaecological and Obstetric Department of the First Medical Faculty Charles University and General Faculty Hospital Prague for elective abdominal or vaginal hysterectomy on account of a benign indication were divided into three groups which did not differ from the demographic or medical aspect. In group A (53 women) for prophylaxis two doses of Augmentin were used (combination of amoxycillin with clavulanic acid) i.v., patients in group M (50 women) had three doses of Mandol (Cefamandol) i.m., and in control group K (100 patients) no antibiotics were administered prophylactically. The authors investigated the postoperative course and evaluated some parameters in relation to possible postoperative infectious complications. The results proved unequivocally that prophylaxis with Augmentin reduces significantly the postoperative infectious morbidity (11.5%), febrile morbidity (5.6%) and the incidence of early infectious complications (3.8%) after abdominal or vaginal hysterectomy, as compared with the control group (35%, 31% and 11% resp.). Prophylaxis with Cefamandol reduced only in few parameters postoperative complications, but in general did not lead to a significant improvement of the postoperative course nor to a reduction of postoperative inflammatory complications. Similar results were obtained when only complications after abdominal hysterectomy were evaluated. The results of bacteriological examination confirmed the expected differences in the spectrum of efficacy of the two antibiotics on the most common microbial flora in the given area, i.e. a high sensitivity of Augmention to enterococci and bacterioids and resistance of these bacteria to Mandol. These results can be considered one of the reasons of different results of the two antibiotics. Prophylaxis with amoxycillin/clavulanic acid was found to be safe, very effective and financially feasible prevention of postoperative infectious complications after abdominal and vaginal hysterectomy. It led to a significant increase in the number of cases without any complications, when compared with the control group. PMID:9600153

Zivný, J; Mára, M; Jedlicková, A; Fucíková, Z; Krejcí, V; Dohnalová, J

1997-08-01

312

Staged treatment and associated complications of pilon fractures.  

PubMed

Historically, the treatment and outcomes related to pilon fractures have been variable despite anatomic reduction and fixation. Early results with treatment via early primary open reduction and internal fixation yielded mixed clinical outcomes, especially suboptimal complication rates, including infection, malunion, and nonunion. Treatment with external fixation also exhibited similar outcomes with mixed support reported in the literature. Despite continued controversy, the advent of newer implant technologies, improved surgical techniques, and management with a staged protocol have resulted in encouraging clinical outcomes with minimization of postoperative complications. Crucial decisions made during treatment can help to maximize outcomes while minimizing complication rates. Particular attention to the fracture pattern with radiographic guidance can help direct surgical decision making with appropriate care given to optimize soft-tissue status. A variety of available incisions can facilitate proper bony and articular reduction. During the late and failed stages of fracture management, additional treatment options include external ring fixation, arthrodesis, and arthroplasty. As complications arise, meticulous, prompt care can help to achieve the best possible outcomes. PMID:22301222

Liporace, Frank A; Mehta, Samir; Rhorer, Anthony S; Yoon, Richard S; Reilly, Mark C

2012-01-01

313

Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Nose Complicated with Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive life threatening bacterial infection of the skin, the subcutaneous tissue, and the fascia. We present a case of necrotizing fasciitis involving the nose complicated by cavernous sinus thrombosis. Few cases of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis have been reported to be caused by cellulitis of the face but necrotizing fasciitis of the nose is rare. It is very important to recognize the early signs of cavernous thrombosis. Treatment for septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is controversial but early use of empirical antibiotics is imperative.

Swaminath, D.; Narayanan, R.; Orellana-Barrios, M. A.; Temple, B.

2014-01-01

314

Images in medicine: Spontaneous aortocaval fistula complicating abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

PubMed

Aortocaval fistula represents a rare, life-threatening complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm that needs emergency surgical treatment. The presentation couples that of a rupturing aneurysm with other more characteristic features resulting from the massive arteriovenous shunt. Early recognition and emergency surgical treatment are essential in reducing mortality and morbidity. Prompt investigation with multidetector computed tomography (CT) angiography quickly and accurately establishes a precise preoperative diagnosis, thereby enabling proper planning of operative treatment. PMID:24812461

Tonolini, Massimo; Ippolito, Sonia; Rigiroli, Francesca

2014-04-01

315

Images in medicine: Spontaneous aortocaval fistula complicating abdominal aortic aneurysm  

PubMed Central

Aortocaval fistula represents a rare, life-threatening complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm that needs emergency surgical treatment. The presentation couples that of a rupturing aneurysm with other more characteristic features resulting from the massive arteriovenous shunt. Early recognition and emergency surgical treatment are essential in reducing mortality and morbidity. Prompt investigation with multidetector computed tomography (CT) angiography quickly and accurately establishes a precise preoperative diagnosis, thereby enabling proper planning of operative treatment.

Tonolini, Massimo; Ippolito, Sonia; Rigiroli, Francesca

2014-01-01

316

Colovesical fistula: unexpected complication 7 years after augmentation ileocystoplasty.  

PubMed

Augmentation enterocystoplasty has been extensively used to attain high-capacity low-pressure urinary reservoirs in patients with neuropathic bladder, exstrophy-epispadias complex, valve bladder syndrome, and contracted bladder. Enterovesical fistula might occur as an early complication after enterocystoplasty. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy, who presented with chronic watery diarrhea 7 years after augmentation ileocystoplasty. A colovesical fistula was diagnosed. We discuss the clinical presentation, management plan, and operative findings. PMID:23830082

Abdelhalim, Ahmed; Hafez, Ashraf T

2013-11-01

317

Pulmonary Hemorrhage Complicating a Typical Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a case of pulmonary bleeding and subsequent acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in a 20-month-old female suffering from a typical postdiarrheal hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Acute renal failure was treated early by peritoneal dialysis. It is of interest to underline that thrombocytopenia or any coagulative impairment was absent when this complication occurred, and spontaneous diuresis recovery was ongoing. All

M. Piastra; A. Ruggiero; A. Langer; E. Caresta; A. Chiaretti; S. Pulitanň; G. Polidori; R. Riccardi

2004-01-01

318

Clinical pearls from atopic dermatitis and its infectious complications.  

PubMed

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is clinically very heterogeneous and these differences can cause confusion. Differential diagnosis is also complicated by co-infections, particularly in infancy and early childhood. This paper describes the stages and differential diagnosis during the various stages of childhood. The authors also provide advice on how to distinguish between AD and other disorders together with guidance on tackling common issues with treatment such as steroid phobia. PMID:24720465

Kim, K H

2014-07-01

319

Reflection on a pregnancy complicated by obstetric cholestasis.  

PubMed

Gemma Steele, a midwife, shares her personal reflection on her first pregnancy which was complicated by obstetric cholestasis. Gemma gives insight as to how debilitating it can be suffering from this condition and highlights that a woman can be diagnosed as early as six-eight weeks gestation. For this reflection, Gemma used Gibbs' reflective cycle (Gibbs 1988) to help explore the experience and guide the reflective process (Bulman 2008). PMID:23252070

Steele, Gemma

2012-10-01

320

Risk Factor Analysis and Management of Ureteral Double-J Stent Complications  

PubMed Central

Double-J ureteral stents are commonly used to manage urinary obstructions. Pain, bladder irritative symptoms, and fever are usually signs of early complications related to double-J stents; late complications are more troublesome. We review 4 cases that highlight a variety of late complications with double-J stents (encrustation, migration, and fragmentation). Following a review of the literature, guidelines are established for monitoring potential risk factors as well as management strategies for prevention of possible complications when using double-J stents.

Ahallal, Youness; Khallouk, Abdelhak; El Fassi, Mohammed Jamal; Farih, Moulay Hassan

2010-01-01

321

The silent epidural abscess as a complication of acute otitis media in children.  

PubMed

Acute otitis media with complications is a persistent problem in the modern antibiotic era with a relatively high mortality rate. Acute mastoiditis is a serious complication of acute otitis media with potentially grave consequences and the epidural abscess constitutes the commonest of all intracranial complications, arising from middle ear infections. We report two cases of children with acute mastoiditis without evidence of intracranial complication or subperiosteal abscess, in whom the early evaluation with computed tomography (CT) disclosed an unsuspected epidural abscess. Therefore, we stress the use of CT as a rule of thumb for every child with acute mastoiditis. PMID:9849684

Bizakis, J G; Velegrakis, G A; Papadakis, C E; Karampekios, S K; Helidonis, E S

1998-10-01

322

Clinical characteristics and complications in oral caustic ingestion in children.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in caustic ingestion, the severity of lesions and the role of early conducted endoscopy in prediction of outcome. In a cross-sectional study all children hospitalized for caustic ingestion during two years, aged 12 years and younger were evaluated for clinical history, endoscopic findings, method of treatment and observed complications. Out of 51 children, 8 consumed acidic and 43 alkaline materials. The mean age of the children was 35.9 +/- 18 months. Thirty four (66.7%) patients were male and 17 (33.3%) were female. In endoscopic survey, 38% had grade 1 and 62% had a burning intensity of grade 2 or higher. During the follow-up, esophageal structure developed in 5 cases and Gastric Outlet Obstruction (GOO) in 1 case. Two of 5 patients with stricture were treated by endoscopic dilatation and 3 of them underwent colon transposition surgery. Gastrectomy was done for the patient with GOO. Esophageal structure as a complication had a more incidence in acid ingestion. Gastric Otlet Obstruction (GOO) occurred in a case of acid ingestion. One of the patients died. Positive statistical relation between early endoscopic findings and complications found in control endoscopy suggest that early endoscopy probably is safe and provides important prognostic information. The role of prevention as a comprehensive strategy promoted by medical councils and the mass media is imperative. PMID:19137870

Rafeey, M; Shoaran, M

2008-10-01

323

Wound-healing complications following biopsy of the irradiated breast.  

PubMed

A retrospective review evaluated results of 38 posttreatment biopsies (with resulting benign pathologic findings) that were performed on 32 irradiated breasts or axillae in 31 of 232 patients who underwent conservation treatment of early-stage breast cancer. Postbiopsy wound-healing complications developed in eight (30%) of 27 patients who were undergoing open biopsies but in none of 11 who underwent only needle biopsies. Wound-healing complications occurred in two of five patients who underwent incisional skin biopsy, three of five who underwent mammographic needle-localized excisional biopsy, and three of 17 who underwent other types of open biopsies. Frequency of wound-healing complications following open biopsy was not related to patient age, diabetes mellitus, cigarette smoking, or use of chemotherapy. Wound-healing complications were related to breast size, developing in four (67%) of six patients with large breasts (brassiere cup size D or DD) as compared with that in only four (19%) of 21 patients with smaller breasts. Significant worsening of cosmetic breast retraction was frequently associated with wound-healing complications, especially wounds that took more than 1 month to heal. PMID:1550480

Pezner, R D; Lorant, J A; Terz, J; Ben-Ezra, J; Odom-Maryon, T; Luk, K H

1992-03-01

324

Management of Complications After Tension-Free Midurethral Slings  

PubMed Central

Since their introduction in 1996, tension-free midurethral slings (MUS) have been proven to have long-term efficacy and safety. They are considered the gold standard treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, especially in cases that are associated with urethral hypermobility. However, they are not free of complications and, although rare, some of these complications can be challenging for both patients and physicians. Some complications occur intraoperatively, whereas others appear in the early or late postoperative period. There is less controversy in the diagnosis and treatment of complications such as vaginal extrusion or urinary system erosion, whereas de novo voiding problems are at best not completely understood. Voiding dysfunction after MUS placement may vary in a wide range from urinary frequency or urgency to retention and is usually attributed to the obstructive or irritative effect of the sling. However, present urodynamic criteria for the diagnosis of female infravesical obstruction are not satisfactory, and the best management policy for de novo voiding dysfunction remains controversial. In the majority of cases, the diagnosis of obstruction leading to a urethral release surgery depends on a combination of several clinical findings. The timing of urethral release surgery varies depending on the preferences of the surgeon, and the outcome of this surgery is not always predictable. The purpose of this review was to assess the diagnosis and management of the immediate, short-term, and long-term complications of MUS in light of the current literature in an attempt to determine the best management policy.

Cetinel, Bulent

2013-01-01

325

Complications at menarche of urogenital sinus with associated anorectal malformations.  

PubMed

Persistent urogenital sinus is frequently associated with a wide spectrum of complex anatomic abnormalities involving the urinary, genital, and gastrointestinal tracts. Failure to accurately define these abnormalities can result in serious complications. One such group of complications occurs relatively late in the clinical course of these children and has received little attention. These are the complications related to menarche. This report reviews the anatomy, complications, and management in five such patients. In this group the onset of menses was associated with hydrosalpinx, pyosalpinx, hematocolpos, hematometrocolpos tubo-ovarian abscess, ruptured ovarian endometrioma, endometriosis, and peritonitis. Anatomic abnormalities included double and septate vagina, vaginal atresia and stenosis, uterus didelphys, and uterus bicornis unicollis, all predisposing to inadequate menstrual flow. Each of these children required surgical intervention. These cases stress the need for an awareness of not only the urinary but the vaginal and uterine abnormalities. Careful early definition of the anatomy and long-term follow-up of children with urogenital sinus malformation is important in order to avoid potential future complications. PMID:7252739

Mollitt, D L; Schullinger, J N; Santulli, T V; Hensle, T W

1981-06-01

326

Clinical experience with hyaluronic acid-filler complications.  

PubMed

Hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers have become the material of choice for soft-tissue augmentation. HA fillers are longer lasting, less immunogenic and can be broken down by hyaluronidase. These advantages make HA fillers the most common of the temporary fillers on the market. However, early and delayed complications, ranging from minor to severe, can occur following HA-filler injection. We evaluated and treated 28 cases of HA-filler-related complications that were referred to our hospital over a period of 5 years from July 2004 to October 2009. Twenty-eight patients were included in our study; 82.1% of the patients were female and 17.9% were male. Complications were roughly classified as nodular masses, inflammation, tissue necrosis and dyspigmentation. Affected locations, in descending order of frequency, were the perioral area, forehead, including glabella, nose, nasolabial fold, mentum, including marionette wrinkles, cheek area and periocular wrinkles. The most disastrous complication was alar rim necrosis following injection of the nasolabial fold. We propose two 'danger zones' that are particularly vulnerable to tissue necrosis following filler injection: the glabella and nasal ala. Although there is no definite treatment modality for the correction of HA-filler complications, we have managed them with various available treatment modalities aimed at minimising patient morbidity. PMID:21310674

Park, Tae-Hwan; Seo, Sang-Won; Kim, June-Kyu; Chang, Choong-Hyun

2011-07-01

327

Radiofrequency thermal ablation of abdominal tumors: lessons learned from complications.  

PubMed

Radiofrequency (RF) thermal ablation has shown promise as a technique for treating inoperable solid tumors involving the liver, kidney, adrenal gland, and lung. However, like all other imaging-guided interventional procedures, RF ablation involves some element of risk. Varying degrees of complications can be expected, depending on factors such as the organ site and the aggressiveness of the procedure. General complications of RF ablation may be related to either imaging-guided electrode placement (eg, bleeding, infection, tumor seeding, pneumothorax) or thermal therapy (eg, nontarget thermal damage, grounding pad burns). Liver and renal-adrenal ablation may be associated with organ-specific complications. A fundamental understanding of RF ablation principles, along with adequate operator training and experience and familiarity with both thermal ablation and the broad spectrum of postablation complications, are necessary to maximize the safety and efficacy of this procedure. The standard of care for decreasing the morbidity of complications consists of prevention (including careful patient selection), early detection, and prompt, appropriate treatment. PMID:14730035

Rhim, Hyunchul; Dodd, Gerald D; Chintapalli, Kedar N; Wood, Bradford J; Dupuy, Damian E; Hvizda, Julia L; Sewell, Patrick E; Goldberg, S Nahum

2004-01-01

328

Psychosocial Complications of Coronary Artery Disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death around the world. The coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common diseases in this category, which can be the trigger to various psychosocial complications. We believe that inadequate attention has been paid to this issue. Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore the psychosocial complications of CAD from the Iranian patients’ perspective. Patients and Methods: A qualitative design based on the content analysis approach was used to collect the data and analyze the perspective of 18 Iranian patients suffered from CAD, chosen by a purposeful sampling strategy. Semi-structured interviews were held in order to collect the data. Sampling was continued until the data saturation. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis approach by MAXQUDA 2010 software. Results: This study revealed the theme of the patients’ challenges with CAD. This theme consisted of: "primary challenges," including doubting early diagnosis and treatment, and feeling being different from others; "psychological issues," including preoccupation, fear of death and surgical intervention, recurrence stress , anxiety and depression; "problems of life," including financial problems, work-related problems, and family-related problems; and "sociocultural issues," including change in perspective of people towards the patient, and cultural issues. Conclusions: Although the management of physical problems in patients with CAD is important, psychosocial effects of this disease is more important. Thus, health care personnel should pay ample attention to identify and resolve psychosocial problems of these patients. Results of this study can be used to empower these patients.

Karimi-Moonaghi, Hossein; Mojalli, Mohammad; Khosravan, Shahla

2014-01-01

329

Complications after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in Korean patients with ulcerative colitis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the outcomes of treatments for complications after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in Korean patients with ulcerative colitis. METHODS: Between March 1998 and February 2013, 72 patients (28 male and 44 female, median age 43.0 years ± 14.0 years) underwent total proctocolectomy with IPAA. The study cohort was registered prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. Patient characteristics, medical management histories, operative findings, pathology reports and postoperative clinical courses, including early postoperative and late complications and their treatments, were reviewed from a medical record system. All of the ileal pouches were J-pouch and were performed with either the double-stapling technique (n = 69) or a hand-sewn (n = 3) technique. RESULTS: Thirty-one (43.1%) patients had early complications, with 12 (16.7%) patients with complications related to the pouch. Pouch bleeding, pelvic abscesses and anastomosis ruptures were managed conservatively. Patients with pelvic abscesses were treated with surgical drainage. Twenty-seven (38.0%) patients had late complications during the follow-up period (82.5 ± 50.8 mo), with 21 (29.6%) patients with complications related to the pouch. Treatment for pouchitis included antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs. Pouch-vaginal fistulas, perianal abscesses or fistulas and anastomosis strictures were treated surgically. Pouch failure developed in two patients (2.8%). Analyses showed that an emergency operation was a significant risk factor for early pouch-related complications compared to elective procedures (55.6% vs 11.1%, P < 0.05). Pouchitis was related to early (35.3%) and the other late pouch-related complications (41.2%) (P < 0.05). The complications did not have an effect on pouch failure nor pouch function. CONCLUSION: The complications following IPAA can be treated successfully. Favorable long-term outcomes were achieved with a lower pouch failure rate than reported in Western patients.

Ryoo, Seung-Bum; Oh, Heung-Kwon; Han, Eon Chul; Ha, Heon-Kyun; Moon, Sang Hui; Choe, Eun Kyung; Park, Kyu Joo

2014-01-01

330

Neonatal meningitis complicating with pneumocephalus  

PubMed Central

Pneumocephalus is a rare condition characterized by the presence of gas within the cranial cavity. This gas may arise either from a trauma, a tumor, a surgical, or a diagnostic procedure or occasionally from an infection. Pneumocephalus as a complication of bacterial meningitis, in absence of trauma or a procedure, is extremely rare, particularly in a newborn. A case of pneumocephalus occurring in a baby, suffering from neonatal meningitis, acquired probably through unsafe cutting and tying of the cord, is reported here. Cutting, tying, and care of the umbilical cord is of utmost importance to prevent neonatal infection as the same is a potential cause of serious anaerobic infections, besides tetanus.

Kumari, Anita; Agrawal, Satish C.

2014-01-01

331

Ocular complications of bungee jumping  

PubMed Central

Aim In this paper, we will try to highlight the importance of various investigations and their crucial role in identifying whether the defect is structural or functional. Case history A 24-year-old woman presented with ocular complications after bungee jumping. Subsequently, although all ophthalmic signs resolved, she complained of decreased vision in her left eye. Conclusion Initial ophthalmic injury was detected by optical coherence tomography scan showing a neurosensory detachment of the fovea. This was not initially detected on slit-lamp examination or fluorescein angiography. On later examination, although the optical coherence tomography scan showed no structural damage, electrodiagnostic tests showed a functional defect at the fovea.

Hassan, H Mohammed J; Mariatos, Georgios; Papanikolaou, Theocharis; Ranganath, Akshatha; Hassan, Hala

2012-01-01

332

Bronchobiliary fistula complicating oriental cholangiohepatitis  

PubMed Central

Bronchio biliary fistula in adults is a rare event defined by the passage of bile into the bronchus and the sputum (biloptysis).Typically these lesions occur in the congenital form, as a result of thoracoabdominal trauma, or in rare instances as a result of iatrogenic injury or long-standing biliary tract disease and obstruction. In this paper, we report a novel case of a fatal bronchobiliary fistula that developed in a 67-year-old Chinese male with Oriental cholangiohepatitis. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a bronchobiliary fistula complicating the clinical management of a patient with this disease.

Howman, SF; Feng, TL; Chamberlain, RS; Blumgart, LH

2002-01-01

333

Amyopathic Dermatomyositis Complicated by Pneumomediastinum  

PubMed Central

Dermatomyositis is an inflammatory disease of unclear etiology with characteristic cutaneous and musculoskeletal findings. Amyopathic dermatomyositis is a subtype without musculoskeletal involvement. Many cases of dermatomyositis are associated with underlying malignancy, but pulmonary manifestations can also be seen, the most common of which is interstitial lung disease. Pneumomediastinum is a rare complication that is important for clinicians to recognize, as it may be fatal if left untreated. The sudden onset of facial edema and shortness of breath in the setting of dermatomyositis should raise the suspicion of this condition.

Tang, Randy; Green, Justin J.

2013-01-01

334

Supergravity computations without gravity complications  

SciTech Connect

The conformal compensator formalism is a convenient and versatile representation of supergravity (SUGRA) obtained by gauge-fixing conformal SUGRA. Unfortunately, practical calculations often require cumbersome manipulations of component field terms involving the full gravity multiplet. In this paper, we derive an alternative gauge fixing for conformal SUGRA which decouples these gravity complications from SUGRA computations. This yields a simplified tree-level action for the matter fields in SUGRA which can be expressed compactly in terms of superfields and a modified conformal compensator. Phenomenologically relevant quantities such as the scalar potential and fermion mass matrix are then straightforwardly obtained by expanding the action in superspace.

Cheung, Clifford [Berkeley Center for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Theoretical Physics Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); D'Eramo, Francesco; Thaler, Jesse [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2011-10-15

335

Neurological complications of coeliac disease  

PubMed Central

A variety of neurological disorders have been reported in association with coeliac disease including epilepsy, ataxia, neuropathy, and myelopathy. The nature of this association is unclear and whether a specific neurological complication occurs in coeliac disease remains unproved. Malabsorption may lead to vitamin and trace element deficiencies. Therefore, patients who develop neurological dysfunction should be carefully screened for these. However, malabsorption does not satisfactorily explain the pathophysiology and clinical course of many of the associated neurological disorders. Other mechanisms proposed include altered autoimmunity, heredity, and gluten toxicity. This review attempts to summarise the literature and suggests directions for future research.

Pengiran, T; Wills, A; Holmes, G

2002-01-01

336

Complications in fillers and Botox.  

PubMed

Americans spent $11 billion on cosmetic surgery procedures in 2007. Almost $3 billion were spent on minimally invasive procedures, of which injectable facial fillers and botulinum toxin type A (Botox) were the most popular. Injectables have fueled the fires of the popularity of cosmetic facial surgery. They have provided more options to patients and surgeons and provided quick, affordable, predictable, and long-lasting improvement of facial wrinkles and lip augmentation. Even in sour economies, patients want to look good and although they may not have money to spend on surgical procedures, injectable treatments remain popular. This article addresses common complications of injectable fillers and Botox. PMID:19185791

Niamtu, Joseph

2009-02-01

337

Tube gastrostomy. Techniques and complications.  

PubMed Central

For prolonged gastrointestinal decompression or enteral nutrition, gastrostomies are preferable to nasogastric tubes. To assess the safety of tube gastrostomy, the authors reviewed 424 gastrostomies systematically selected from a total of 3,359 done from 1975 through 1980. Feeding gastrostomies composed 22% of the total; the remaining 78% were done for decompression. Complications were rare (6.6% major, 6.6% minor) and were not influenced by patients' age. Perioperative steroid therapy promoted laparotomy wound infections. External and internal leakage of stomach contents, as well as bleeding from the gastrostomy site, were independent of the method of gastrostomy and the type of catheter used. Feeding gastrostomies were more likely to leak internally than were decompression gastrostomies. Unless the gastrostomy site was sutured to the anterior abdominal wall, there was a 7% incidence of extravasation of stomach contents into the peritoneal cavity after removal of the tube. The low complication rate justifies use of gastrostomies as an alternative to prolonged nasogastric intubation. Problems are minimized by employing the Stamm technique with a straight catheter and anterior gastropexy.

Shellito, P C; Malt, R A

1985-01-01

338

Bacterial infections complicating tongue piercing  

PubMed Central

Tongue piercing has become an increasingly popular form of body art. However, this procedure can occasionally be complicated by serious bacterial infections. The present article reports a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by a Gemella species in a patient with a pierced tongue, and reviews 18 additional cases of local and systemic bacterial infections associated with tongue piercing. Infections localized to the oral cavity and head and neck region included molar abscess, glossal abscess, glossitis, submandibular lymphadenitis, submandibular sialadenitis, Ludwig’s angina and cephalic tetanus. Infections distal to the piercing site included eight cases of infective endocarditis, one case of chorioamnionitis and one case of cerebellar abscess. Oropharyngeal flora were isolated from all cases. While bacterial infections following tongue piercing are rare, there are reports of potentially life-threatening infections associated with the procedure. Both piercers and their clients should be aware of these potential complications, and standardized infection prevention and control practices should be adopted by piercers to reduce the risk.

Yu, Catherine HY; Minnema, Brian J; Gold, Wayne L

2010-01-01

339

[Thromboembolic complications in nephrotic syndrome].  

PubMed

Thromboembolic complications are among the most important extrarenal consequences of nephrotic syndrome (NS). In addition to deep vein thrombosis in the legs and pulmonary embolism, NS is very frequently accompanied by renal vein thrombosis. Due to enhanced procoagulatory and antifibrinolytic potential and reduced anticoagulatory potential, multifactor disruption of hemostatic equilibrium leads to hypercoagulability in NS patients, which is aggravated by an increase in blood viscosity and endothelial dysfunction. Circulating antibodies against ?-enolase, a plasmin(ogen)-binding protein, and the possibility of certain molecules being renally eliminated in specific manner are discussed as reasons for the particular frequency of thromboembolic complications in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. Serum albumin concentration is an indicator for the risk of thrombosis in NS patients. When applying the current KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) clinical practice guideline for glomerulonephritis to NS patients with a serum albumin concentration of less than 25 g/l and at least one additional thrombogenic risk factor, primary prophylactic anticoagulation ("conditioned prophylaxis") with an orally administered vitamin K antagonist (target INR 2-3) is recommended as long as the serum albumin concentration is less than 30 g/l. PMID:23677507

Maurin, N

2013-05-01

340

Neurological complications in Behçet's syndrome.  

PubMed

The neurological complications of Behçet's syndrome have not been characterized with clarity. We present the clinical features, imaging characteristics and CSF findings of a series of 50 patients seen at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery over the past 10 years. In this series, vascular complications had a low prevalence, whereas involvement of the brainstem was common; spinal cord lesions, hemisphere lesions and meningoencephalitis also occurred. Optic neuropathy, vestibulocochlear and peripheral nerve involvement occurred, but were rare. The prognosis for recovery was in general good, and the majority of those followed-up over a median of 3 years (range 1-19 years) had only single attacks. One-third of patients underwent further attacks, and four underwent progressive deterioration leading to disability. Factors suggesting a poor prognosis are repeated attacks, incomplete recovery, progressive disease course and a high level of CSF leucocytosis during acute attack. These data should be of help in the further definition of the clinical characteristics of this rare neurological disorder and in the planning of treatment trials. PMID:10545402

Kidd, D; Steuer, A; Denman, A M; Rudge, P

1999-11-01

341

Entry Complications in Laparoscopic Surgery  

PubMed Central

To review the complications associated with laparoscopic surgery and provide clinical direction regarding the best practice based on the best available evidence. The laparoscopic entry techniques and technologies reviewed include the classic pneumoperitoneum (Veress/trocar), the open (Hasson), the direct trocar insertion, the use of disposable shielded trocars, radially expanding trocars and visual entry systems. Medline, Pubmed and Cochrane Databases were searched for English language articles published before December 2008. It is an evidence based fact that minimal access surgery is superior to conventional open surgery since this is beneficial to the women, community and the healthcare system.Over the past 50 years, many techniques, technologies and guidelines have been introduced to eliminate the risks associated with laparoscopic entry. No single technique or instrument has been proved to eliminate laparoscopic entry associated injury. Proper evaluation of the women, supported by surgical skills and good knowledge of the technology and instrumentation is the keystone to safe access and prevention of complications during laparoscopic surgery.

Krishnakumar, S; Tambe, P

2009-01-01

342

Complications of Rigid Internal Fixation  

PubMed Central

Over the past 20 years, there have been many advances in the development of bone fixation systems used in the practice of craniomaxillofacial surgery. As surgical practices have evolved, the complications of each technologic advance have changed accordingly. Interfragmentary instability of interosseous wiring has been replaced by the risk of exposure, infection, and palpability of plate and screw fixation systems. The improved rigidity of plate fixation requires anatomic alignment of fracture fragments. Failure to obtain proper alignment has led to the phenomenon known as “open internal fixation” of fracture fragments without proper reduction. The size of the plates has decreased to minimize palpability and exposure. However limitations in their application have been encountered due to the physiologic forces of the muscles of mastication and bone healing. In the pediatric population, the long-standing presence of plates in the cranial vault resulted in reports of transcranial migration and growth restriction. These findings led to the development of resorbable plating systems, which are associated with self-limited plate palpability and soft tissue inflammatory reactions. Any rigid system including these produces growth restriction in varying amounts. In this discussion, we review the reported complication rates of miniplating and microplating systems as well as absorptive plating systems in elective and traumatic craniofacial surgery.

Campbell, Chris A.; Lin, Kant Y.

2009-01-01

343

Glucose Control and Diabetic Complications  

PubMed Central

Tight glucose control is clearly beneficial in the pregnant insulin-dependent diabetic. In other areas (retinopathy, established nephropathy, and hypoglycemia) the question whether tight control of diabetes is justified remains unanswered. Preliminary evidence suggests that tight control, if begun early, can prevent clinical nephropathy and neuropathy.

Lubin, Stan

1991-01-01

344

"Sickle Cell Disease in the Emergency Department: Atypical Complications and Management"  

PubMed Central

Sickle cell disease is the most common inherited blood disorder in the United States. This disorder of hemoglobin structure leads to a chronic hemolytic anemia and complex chronic disease manifested by sudden, severe, and life-threatening complications. These acute complications can occur in any organ system beginning in early childhood and lasting throughout life. The intermittent nature and acuity of these complications lend the emergency department to be an important site of care. The hallmark of sickle cell disease is the vasoocclusive painful event. Other more “typical” complications include fever, acute chest syndrome, priapism, and ischemic stroke. Children with sickle cell disease can also present with other “atypical” complications that can have devastating consequences if they are unrecognized. Detailed discussion of these “atypical” sickle cell disease complications, organized by organ system involved, will be the focus of this article.

Brandow, Amanda M.; Liem, Robert

2011-01-01

345

Complications of herpes zoster in cancer patients.  

PubMed

Abstract Cancer patients tend to have a higher incidence of herpes zoster (HZ), but little is known about their risk of HZ complications. We conducted a retrospective study of 424 newly diagnosed hematologic (HM, n = 140) and solid tumor malignancy (STM, n = 284) patients who developed HZ between January 2001 and December 2006 to measure the frequency and identify risk factors of HZ complications. Patients were adult members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California. HZ diagnosis and complications were confirmed by medical chart review. HM patients with HZ tended to have more HZ complications than STM patients (34% vs 23%, p = 0.02), largely due to more frequent non-pain complications. On multivariate analysis, older age and being male were associated with a higher risk of HZ complications in HM patients; more advanced cancer stage was associated with HZ complications in STM patients. HZ complications are frequent and can present extra disease burden in cancer patients who develop HZ. PMID:24796470

Tran, Trung N; Ray, G Thomas; Horberg, Michael A; Yawn, Barbara P; Castillo, Adrienne L; Saddier, Patricia; Habel, Laurel A

2014-07-01

346

Managing Complications of Diabetes in Later Life  

MedlinePLUS

... Download PDF Managing Complications of Diabetes in Later Life Download Join our e-newsletter! Resources Managing Complications of Diabetes in Later Life Tools and Tips Printer-friendly PDF Click here ...

347

Risk of complications following gynecological laparoscopic surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the incidence and predictors of risk for operative complications, conversions to laparotomy, and postoperative admissions following laparoscopic procedures.Methods: We obtained demographic information and medical history on all 843 women who underwent laparoscopic procedures at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital between January and December 1994. All major complications following surgery were recorded. Major operative complications were defined as

R. Mirhashemi; B. L. Harlow; E. Ginsberg; L. B. Signorello; R. Berkowitz; S. Feldman

1998-01-01

348

Complications of midurethral slings and their management  

PubMed Central

While midurethral slings are associated with a low rate of morbidity, complications can arise intraoperatively or following the procedure. Management of midurethral sling complications is relatively straightforward and urgency is dictated by the severity of the complications, potential for long-term negative effects, and bother to the patient.

Nitti, Victor W.

2012-01-01

349

Embolic complications associated with radiofrequency catheter ablation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the population enrolled in this study, embolic complications were rare following only 0.7% of procedures. In addition, no relationship existed between procedures with thromboembolic complications and anticoagulation protocol, procedure time, number of RF lesions, or impedance shutdowns. Only 1 of 830 procedures had an associated late embolic complication in an otherwise risk-free patient.

Michael R. Epstein; Laura D. Knapp; Mildred Martindill; Janice A. Lulu; John K. Triedman; Hugh Calkins; Shoei K. Stephen Huang; Edward P. Walsh; J. Philip Saul

1996-01-01

350

Epigenetic phenomena linked to diabetic complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2) and the complications associated with this condition are an urgent public health problem, as the incidence of diabetes mellitus is steadily increasing. Environmental factors, such as diet and exposure to hyperglycemia, contribute to the etiology of diabetes mellitus and its associated microvascular and macrovascular complications. These vascular complications are the main cause of

Luciano Pirola; Aneta Balcerczyk; Jun Okabe; Assam El-Osta

2010-01-01

351

Biliary Complications in Living Donor Liver Transplantation: Imaging Findings and the Roles of Interventional Procedures  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. To describe the incidence, types, and findings of biliary complications in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and to determine the roles of interventional procedures. Materials and methods. Twenty-four biliary complications among 161 LDLT patients (24/161, 14.9%) were identified. These complications were divided into two groups according to the initial manifestation time, i.e., 'early' (<60 days) or 'late'. The CT and cholangiographic findings were reviewed regarding the presence of a stricture or leak and the location, and length, shape, and degree of the stricture. Both groups were categorized into three subgroups: leak, stricture, and both. The type of interventional procedures used and their roles were determined. Results. Early complications were identified in 14 of the 24 patients (58%) and late complications in 11 (46%). One patient showed both early and late complications. Biliary stricture was detected in 10 patients, leak in 10, and both in 5. By cholangiography, all strictures were irregular and short (mean length 15 {+-} 6 mm) at the anastomotic site and complete obstruction was observed in 2 patients with late stricture. Twenty-three of the 24 patients were treated using percutaneous and/or endoscopic drainage procedures with or without balloon dilatation. Seventeen (74%) showed a good response, but reoperations were inevitable in 6 (26%). All patients except those with complete obstruction showed a favorable outcome after interventional management. Conclusion. Biliary leaks and strictures are predominant complications in LDLT. Most show good responses to interventional treatment. However, complete obstruction needs additional operative management.

Chang, Jung Min; Lee, Jeong Min; Suh, Kyung Suk; Yi, Nam Joon; Kim, Yong Tae; Kim, Se Hyung; Han, Joon Koo, E-mail: hanjk@radcom.snu.ac.kr; Choi, Byung Ihn [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation Medicine (Korea, Republic of)

2005-12-15

352

[The implantable cardiac defibrillator: indications and complications].  

PubMed

The implantation of an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) is indicated as a secondary prevention measure for sudden cardiac death in patients surviving a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia that had no reversible or treatable cause. An ICD is indicated as a primary prevention measure for sudden cardiac death in patients with a left-ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ? 35%. A biventricular ICD is indicated in patients with heart failure class ? II according to the New York Heart Association classification, a widened QRS complex and an LVEF ? 35%. Guidelines do not differentiate between men and women or according to age, but there is no evidence in the literature for decreased mortality from applying ICD therapy in women and in patients older than 70-75 years. This is relevant in discussions over the cost-effectiveness of the treatment. Sudden cardiac death occurs most frequently in patients with an LVEF ? 35%; the effect of ICDs as a primary prevention measure in this patient group has, however, never been investigated. The most important complications following ICD implantation are inappropriate ICD shocks and lead dysfunction. Automated home-monitoring enables early detection of technical defects. PMID:24252404

Simmers, T A Tim; Bracke, Frank A L E

2013-01-01

353

Progeria syndrome with cardiac complications.  

PubMed

A case report of 6-year-old boy with progeria syndrome, with marked cardiac complications is presented. The boy had cardiorespiratory failure. Discoloured purpuric skin patches, alopecia, prominent forehead, protuberant eyes, flattened nasal cartilage, malformed mandible, hypodentition, and deformed rigid fingers and toes were observed on examination. The boy was unable to speak. A sclerotic systolic murmur was audible over the mitral and aortic areas. Chest x-rays showed cardiac enlargement and the electrocardiogram (ECG) showed giant peaked P waves (right atrial hypertrophy) and right ventricular hypertrophy. Atherosclerotic dilated ascending aorta, thickened sclerotic aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valves with increased echo texture, left and right atrial and right ventricular dilatation, reduced left ventricular cavity, and thickened speckled atrial and ventricular septa were observed on echocardiography. PMID:24601202

Ilyas, Saadia; Ilyas, Hajira; Hameed, Abdul; Ilyas, Muhammad

2013-09-01

354

[Therapy of complicated Crohn's disease].  

PubMed

During their disease course, the majority of Crohn's disease patients will develop a complicated disease which is characterized by the occurrence of fistulas and/or stenosis. Symptomatic, perianal fistulas should be surgically drained before anti-inflammatory therapy will be initiated. Antibiotics, such as metronidazole, improve disease symptomatic however, they are not sufficient to induce continuous fistula closure. For this purpose, azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine as well as anti-TNF antibodies are useful when administered continuously. Surgical options include seton drainage, fistula excision, fistula plugs and mucosa flaps. As ultima ratio, temporary ileostomy and proctectomy are to be discussed. Non-perianal fistulas often require surgical approaches. Symptomatic strictures or stenosis can be treated by anti-inflammatory medications (only if they are cause by inflammation), endoscopic balloon dilatation or surgery. PMID:24618311

Scharl, Michael; Barthel, Christiane; Rogler, Gerhard

2014-03-12

355

Respiratory complications of relapsing polychondritis  

PubMed Central

Gibson, G. J. and Davis, P. (1974).Thorax, 29, 726-731. Respiratory complications of relapsing polychondritis. The respiratory function of a patient with relapsing polychondritis is described. He had severe airflow obstruction due to disease of both the extra and intrathoracic large airways. Evidence of small airways disease was lacking. The airflow obstruction was probably due to a combination of structural narrowing and an enhanced dynamic effect. Despite the severity of his disease the patient's exercise capacity was only slightly reduced but he developed carbon dioxide retention on exercise. Involvement of the airways is a common feature of this rare disease and demands full physiological and radiographic assessment if tracheostomy or other surgical procedure is contemplated. Images

Gibson, G. J.; Davis, P.

1974-01-01

356

Risk factors for postoperative respiratory complications in adult liver transplant recipients.  

PubMed

To determine the types and the incidence of as well as risk factors for early postoperative (<30 days) respiratory complications in adult liver transplant (LT) recipients, we reviewed The data of 44 consecutive adult LT recipients who received their grafts from January 1995 through December 2002. The data included demographic features; primary diagnosis; number of intraoperative transfusions; preoperative and postoperative laboratory values; intraoperative and postoperative characteristics; and early postoperative (<30 days) mortality. Pulmonary atelectasis, pleural effusion, pneumonia, respiratory failure, and pulmonary edema were the respiratory complications investigated. Twenty-six patients (59.1%) developed at least one respiratory complication during the early postoperative period. The most frequent complication was pleural effusion (n = 18, 40.9%), followed by atelectasis (n = 13, 29.5%), pneumonia (n = 10, 22.7%), acute respiratory failure (n = 5, 11.4%), pulmonary edema (n = 3, 6.8%), and pneumothorax (n = 2, 4.5%). Compared to the patients who did not develop these problems, the affected cohort was significantly older (27 +/- 12 years vs 36 +/- 14 years, respectively; P =.039) and required more intraoperative transfusions (P =.005). Among the overall mortality rate of 15.9%, patients who developed pneumonia showed a significantly higher mortality (40.0% vs 8.8%, respectively; P =.037). Pleural effusion, atelectasis, and pneumonia are the main respriatory complications that occur in adult LT recipients. Patient age and intraoperative transfusion requirements are important predictors of early postoperative complications. Pneumonia is associated with a poor prognosis in this patient group. PMID:15013351

Pirat, A; Ozgur, S; Torgay, A; Candan, S; Zeynelo?lu, P; Arslan, G

2004-01-01

357

Complications of cosmetic iris implants.  

PubMed

Cosmetic intraocular iris implants for the purpose of changing iris color have recently been developed; however, little is known about their safety. We report a patient who had bilateral implantation of colored silicone iris implants solely for cosmetic reasons. The rapid development of uveitis, corneal decompensation, and ocular hypertension resulted in the need for explantation of the implants. Placement of these devices should require specific medical indications and meticulous surgery with early and long-term evaluation. PMID:18571095

Thiagalingam, Sureka; Tarongoy, Pamela; Hamrah, Pedram; Lobo, Ann-Marie; Nagao, Karina; Barsam, Charles; Bellows, Robert; Pineda, Roberto

2008-07-01

358

Urologic complications in 718 renal transplant patients.  

PubMed

Urologic complications occurred in 13.2% of the 718 patients who received renal transplants performed during a 26-year period at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. The complication rate remained constant over the quarter century period, whereas the rate of death caused by complications decreased significantly during the last decade. This was due, in part, to recent use of ultrasound techniques permitting earlier recognition of complications. The majority of urologic complications occurred during the first month after transplantation. Contributing factors included technical problems, ischemia, and perhaps allograft rejection. No correlation could be found between degree of HLA match or mismatch and likelihood of complication. Internal indwelling stents offered substantial advantages over nephrostomy tubes for temporary urinary diversion. The most serious complications encountered were calyceal-cutaneous fistulas associated with donor kidneys with multiple renal arteries. "Bench" operation has proved to be a major technical advance in the prevention of these fistulas. PMID:6367124

Loughlin, K R; Tilney, N L; Richie, J P

1984-03-01

359

Vascular complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI): risk and long-term results.  

PubMed

Vascular complications are the main safety limitations of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of the study was to assess the incidents, predictors, and the impact of early vascular complications on prognosis after TAVI. This was a single-center analysis of vascular complications related to TAVI. Early vascular complications were defined as incidents within 30 days after TAVI and comprised complications related to transvascular: transfemoral/transsubclavian ,and transapical bioprosthesis implantation. Evaluated risk factors were: (1) clinical characteristics, (2) TAVI route, and (3) center experience. In patients with transvascular TAVI the impact of: (1) diameters of access arteries, vascular sheathes and difference between them, (2) arterial wall calcification, and (3) ProStar devices used for access site closure were assessed. Arterial wall calcification and arteries diameters were measured by 64-slice computer tomography. Arterial wall calcification was graded according to 5° scale. Results: between 2009-2011; follow-up 1-23 months (12 ± 15.55), 83 consecutive patients, and 62-91 (81.10 ± 7.20) years, underwent TAVI: 67 (80.72%) patients had transvascular, and 16 (19.27%) patients had transapical bioprosthesis implantation. We noted 44 (53.01%) early vascular complications: 17 (20.48%) were major and 27 (32.53%) were minor incidents. Independent predictors of early vascular complications were: history of anaemia (OR 3.497: 95% CI [1.276-9.581]; p = 0.014), diabetes (OR 0.323: 95% CI [0.108-0.962]; p = 0.042), percutaneous coronary intervention performed as preparation for TAVI (OR 4.809: 95 % CI [1.172-19.736]; p = 0.029), and arterial wall calcification (OR 1.945: 95% CI [1.063-3.558]; p = 0.03). Of 6 (7.22%) in-hospital and 10 (12.98%) late deaths: 5 (83.33%) patients and 8 (80%) patients respectively had post-procedural vascular complications. Vascular complications, which occurred in 30-days after TAVI, predict late mortality (p = 0.036). Conclusions derived were: (1) TAVI patients with history of anaemia and diabetes required careful monitoring for early vascular complications. (2) If coronary intervention before TAVI is required, it should be performed in the time allowing vascular injuries to heal. (3) Calcification of access arteries is an independent predictor of post-procedural vascular complications; therefore, its estimation should be a regular element of preceding computer tomography. (4) Vascular complications seem to be predictors of late mortality after TAVI. PMID:24132402

Czerwi?ska-Jelonkiewicz, Katarzyna; Micha?owska, Ilona; Witkowski, Adam; D?browski, Maciej; Ksi??ycka-Majczy?ska, Ewa; Chmielak, Zbigniew; Ku?mierski, Krzysztof; Hryniewiecki, Tomasz; Demkow, Marcin; St?pi?ska, Janina

2014-05-01

360

Early Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "feature issue" focuses on early intervention with handicapped children, with an emphasis on: Project EDGE (Expanding Developmental Growth through Education), an early intervention research project initiated in 1968; strategies for developing family-friendly early intervention services; and progress reports from various states and programs.…

Abery, Brian, Ed.; McConnell, Scott, Ed.

1989-01-01

361

Early Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue focuses on early intervention. The four articles presented on this theme are: (1) "Deaf Infants, Hearing Mothers: A Research Report" (Kathryn P. Meadow-Orlans, and others), reporting findings on effects of auditory loss on early development; (2) "Maintaining Involvement of Inner City Families in Early Intervention Programs through…

Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

1992-01-01

362

[Waldenström macroglobulinemia complicated with chylothorax].  

PubMed

An 81-year-old male had been diagnosed with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) eight years previously and had thus been administered appropriate treatment. Left chylothorax later developed at 3 years and 8 months after the initial diagnosis. He was hospitalized with severe anemia, general fatigue, and appetite loss one year prior to this presentation and died due to a severe fungal infection. Autopsy revealed the presence of 1,300 ml chylothorax and infiltration of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) cells throughout his entire body. LPL cells were found to have invaded the excitation conducting system in the heart. In an evaluation of a resected lung tissue specimen of pneumothorax, subpleural infiltrated lymphoid cells were observed to show immunohistochemical positivity for IgM and bcl-2. Although these lymphoid cells were initially considered to be non-neoplastic lymphocytes, they were later determined to be LPL cells, which thus induced dilatation and proliferation of the lymph vessels. Chylothorax complications in patients with WM are rare events and only six such cases have so far been reported. The present case is considered to be an instructive one in which autopsy suggested the invasion of LPL cells to be involved in the development of arrhythmia, pneumothorax, and chylothorax before death. PMID:23257673

Misaki, Sayaka; Sakoda, Hiroto; Hakata, Saya; Shigematsu, Michio; Hoshida, Yoshihiko

2012-11-01

363

Neurologic complications of craniovertebral dislocation.  

PubMed

Craniovertebral dislocation is uncommon, but its diagnosis is important taking into account the potential severity of the neurologic complications. A number of causes are known; the most common are Down syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, Paget's disease, other metabolic bone diseases, and craniocervical trauma. Down's syndrome is a relatively common clinical condition but craniovertebral subluxation is only observed in a small percentage of patients. About half of all cervical spine injuries affect the atlanto-occipital region and C2 vertebra. In rheumatoid arthritis, craniocervical dislocation occurs in up to 40% of patients with severe disease. In Paget's disease, involvement of the craniovertebral region occurs in about 30% of all cases. The clinical neurologic syndrome is characterized by local pain, features of upper spinal cord and medullary compression, positive Lhermitte phenomenon, syncope associated with neck flexion, vertebral artery obstruction or dissection leading to stroke, and asymmetrical lower cranial nerve palsies. Neuroimaging is essential to confirm the clinical diagnosis and to categorize severity. The treatment of this disorder is usually surgical, but traction and external immobilization is relevant in some cases. Specific conditions may require additional treatments such as radiotherapy, antibiotics, or chemotherapy. PMID:24365311

de Carvalho, Mamede; Swash, Michael

2014-01-01

364

[Arterial complications of hydatic disease].  

PubMed

We report two cases of hydatic cyst with rupture into the aorta in two young patients cared for at the Ibn Sina hospital in Rabat, Morocco. In the first patient, a false hydatic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta was discovered at surgery performed for suspected hydatic cyst of the lower lobe of the left lung. Despite reconstruction with a prosthetic graft, the patient died peroperatively due to exsanguination via uncontrollable bleeding through the aneurysmal sac. The second case was a 20-year-old woman whose false hydatic aneurysm of the thoracoabdominal aorta was disclosed by embolic ischemia of the lower limbs. Aorto-aortic reconstruction was followed by medical treatment with albendazol. During follow-up, the patient developed a hydatic cyst of the kidney and a parietal cyst. Both were treated surgically. An analysis of these two cases and 9 others reported in the literature concerning arterial involvement in hydatic disease revealed the characteristic clinical, radiological and therapeutic features of this rare but serious complication. PMID:12015489

Mayoussi, C; El Mesnaoui, A; Lekehal, B; Sefiani, Y; Benosman, A; Bensaid, Y

2002-04-01

365

Neurologic complications of cardiac transplantation.  

PubMed

Between 1984 and 1989, orthotopic cardiac transplantations were done in 90 patients from 10 to 65 years of age for end-stage, refractory congestive cardiomyopathy. Two patients had had ischemic strokes 5 months and 18 years, respectively, before transplantation. Six patients (7%) suffered acute neurologic events perioperatively. Three patients suffered cerebral infarctions. In 1 case this occurred 10 days before transplantation--probably as a result of systemic hypoperfusion--with the placement of ventricular assist devices. Two others suffered infarctions 5 and 21 days, respectively, after transplantation, each of probable embolic origin. Two patients had an acute intracerebral hemorrhage 21 and 36 days, respectively, after transplantation; both were located within the basal ganglia and subcortical regions. Both patients had moderate to severe hypertension, and in 1, renal failure and a coagulopathy developed before hemorrhage. Tremor, seizures, and an altered level of consciousness developed in 1 patient as an apparent toxic reaction to cyclosporine treatment. Only 1 patient died as a result of the neurologic complication--of an acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Three patients recovered fully, 2 partially. Only the case of drug toxicity could be directly attributed to the transplantation procedure itself. We conclude that the risk of an acute neurologic insult with orthotopic cardiac transplantation is low but may result from drug toxicity, cerebral ischemia, or hemorrhagic mechanisms. PMID:2219870

Andrews, B T; Hershon, J J; Calanchini, P; Avery, G J; Hill, J D

1990-08-01

366

Risks of Complication Following Thyroidectomy  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Because hypoparathyroidism is a serious complication of thyroidectomy, we attempted to elucidate factors determining the risk of this postoperative outcome. SETTING Four tertiary care hospitals in Albuquerque, New Mexico. PATIENTS A retrospective study of 142 patients who underwent total or subtotal thyroidectomy between 1988 and 1995. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Permanent hypoparathyroidism was defined as hypocalcemic symptoms plus a requirement for oral vitamin D or calcium 6 months after thyroidectomy. Factors analyzed to determine their contribution to the risk of persistent postoperative hypoparathyroidism were the indication for thyroidectomy, performance of a preoperative thyroid needle biopsy, type of surgery, postoperative pathology, presence and stage of thyroid carcinoma, resident surgeon involvement, and specialty of the surgeon performing the procedure. Surgical specialty and stage of thyroid carcinoma were independent risk factors for persistent postoperative hypoparathyroidism by multivariate analysis. Nine (29%) of 31 patients who had thyroidectomy by otolaryngologists met criteria for permanent hypoparathyroidism, and 6 (5%) of 111 patients who had thyroidectomy by general surgeons met the same criteria (p < .001). Adjustment for the effect of stage did not eliminate the effect of specialty (p=.006), and adjustment for the effect of specialty did not eliminate the effect of stage (p=.02), on the occurrence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism. CONCLUSIONS We conclude from our data that patients undergoing thyroidectomy by an otolaryngologist may be at a higher risk of permanent postoperative hypoparathyroidism than patients who undergo thyroidectomy by a general surgeon. This may reflect differences in case selection or surgical approach or both.

Burge, Mark R; Zeise, Tanja-Maria; Johnsen, Michael W; Conway, Martin J; Qualls, Clifford R

1998-01-01

367

Gastrointestinal complications of systemic sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease characterized by progressive skin thickening and tightness. Pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and kidney damage are the most important indicators for mortality; however, the gastrointestinal tract is the most commonly damaged system. Virtually all parts of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract can be involved, although the esophagus is the most frequently reported. The mechanisms that cause such extensive damage are generally unclear, but vascular changes, immunological abnormalities, excessive accumulation of collagen in the submucosa, smooth muscle atrophy and neuropathy may participate because these are the most common histological findings in biopsies and autopsies. Most patients with GI tract involvement complain about dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal bloating/distension, and fecal incontinence. These symptoms are generally mild during the early stage of the disease and are likely ignored by physicians. As the disease becomes more advanced, however, patient quality of life is markedly influenced, whereby malnutrition and shortened survival are the usual consequences. The diagnosis for systemic sclerosis is based on manometry measurements and an endoscopy examination. Supportive and symptomatic treatment is the main therapeutic strategy; however, an early diagnosis is critical for successful management.

Tian, Xin-Ping; Zhang, Xuan

2013-01-01

368

In-hospital complications of percutaneous intraaortic balloon counterpulsation.  

PubMed

Complications related to intraaortic balloon counterpulsation pumping (IABP) remain a problem despite the development of small caliber balloon catheter shafts and introducer sheaths. The authors report their experience in counterpulsation-related complications of 201 consecutive patients who underwent 212 percutaneous counterpulsation balloon insertions from June 1989 to June 1996 by use of balloons with 8-9.5 French shafts. Of these, 82% were men and 36 (18%) were women, with a mean age of 61 +/-12 years. Indications for counterpulsation were acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (67%), severe left ventricular failure without AMI (20%), dilated cardiomyopathy (4%), unstable angina (3%), high-risk supported percutaneous coronary angioplasty (2%), and others (4%). IABP was instituted at the bedside in the intensive care unit in 82 patients (39%) and in the catheterization laboratory in 130 (61%). Median duration of counterpulsation was 48 hours (range 30 minutes to 25 days) with successful weaning from counterpulsation in 70% (148 of 212) of procedures. Overall in-hospital mortality rate was 45% (90 of 201). The overall complication rate was 22/212 (10.4%). Major complications were present in 10/212 procedures (4.7%): 6 patients with limb ischemia (1 death directly attributed to this complication, 1 with associated septicemia and limb amputation, 3 requiring surgical thromboembolectomy, and 1 with persistent limb ischemia treated medically until his death caused by intractable left ventricular failure), 2 with important bleeding (1 fatal despite vascular surgical repair and 1 requiring blood transfusion) and 2 with balloon rupture requiring vascular surgery. Minor complications were present in 12 procedures (5.7%), 6 with limb ischemia, 3 with local bleeding, and 3 with catheter dysfunction. All of these resolved after balloon removal and required no further intervention. When limb ischemia did develop it occurred after a median delay of 24 hours following balloon insertion (range 2 to 98 hours). The only predictor of limb ischemia among baseline clinical and procedure-related variables was an age greater than 60 years. Compared with previous recent studies, the rate of complications observed in this study performed with small balloon catheters was acceptably low. Limb ischemia was the most frequent complication, often occurred early, and required further intervention in half the cases. PMID:14565633

Arceo, Adalberto; Urban, Philip; Dorsaz, Pierre-André; Chatelain, Pascal; Verin, Vitali; Suilen, Caroline; Rombaut, Emmanuel; Chevrolet, Jean-Claude

2003-01-01

369

Endovascular repair of iliac artery injury complicating lumbar disc surgery  

PubMed Central

Vascular injury as a complication of disc surgery was first reported in 1945 by Linton and White. It is a rare but potentially fatal complication. The high mortality rate (40–100%) is attributed to a combination of rapid blood loss and the failure to recognise the cause of the deteriorating patient. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential. Treatment has traditionally been by open vascular surgical repair, however with modern imaging and endovascular techniques, minimally invasive treatment should be considered first line in patients who are stable. We present the case of a 51-year-old woman who sustained common iliac artery injury during lumbar spinal surgery that was treated successfully using a covered stent.

Raja, J.; McFarland, R.; Belli, A. M.

2007-01-01

370

[Analysis of postoperative complications following acute surgery for colorectal cancer].  

PubMed

Our aim was to improve the outcome of emergency surgeries for colorectal cancer (CRC). Authors compared two periods: 2004-2006 and 2007-2011. Targeted cases were emergency admissions, in which the diagnosis of colorectal cancer is only revealed during work-up or during surgery. No other exclusion criteria were set. Analyzed main endpoints were anastomotic leak, postoperative mortality, resecability. ASA classification and TNM stages were assessed in order to learn morbidity and general condition prior to acute surgery. Considering the experience gained in prior period, in 2007, authors have made a change in treatment strategy. In following years leakage ratio became ten times lower and mortality was reduced by 5%. There is a great chance that fast work-up and preparation for surgery may decrease complications and mortality. The aim would be for CRC patients, is to reach surgery in an early stage of disease as possible, at least before complications develop. PMID:24873766

Kári, Dániel; Korsós, Diána; Kecskédi, Bence; Lovay, Zoltán; Ecsedy, Gábor; Lontai, Péter; Ender, Ferenc; Vörös, Attila

2014-06-01

371

Role of adipocytokines in predicting the development of diabetes and its late complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetes is an important health problem since the incidence of diabetes is continuously increasing. Early diagnosis is important\\u000a as type 2 diabetes begins long before we diagnose it, leading to a complicated course of the disease. In order to prevent\\u000a delay in the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, novel predictors and pathways for type 2 diabetes are mounting. Diabetic complications

Nese Ersoz Gulcelik; Aydan Usman; Alper Gürlek

2009-01-01

372

[A new complication related to prolonged prone position: a masseter muscle haematoma].  

PubMed

We report a case of a 54-year-old man who underwent an prolonged spinal osteosynthesis complicated by a masseter muscle compressive ischaemia and haematoma in the early postoperative period. A special attention of the body compressive points in particular of the face, in association with an horseshoe's headstall, would have probably lead to avoid this complication in this risk factors patient. PMID:22154456

Abbal, B; Choquet, O; Gourari, A; Capdevila, X

2012-02-01

373

Value of liver elastography and abdominal ultrasound for detection of complications of allogeneic hemopoietic SCT.  

PubMed

Hepatic complications contribute to morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hemopoietic SCT. Liver Doppler ultrasound and elastography represent promising methods for pretransplant risk assessment and early detection of complications. Ultrasound (liver and spleen size, liver perfusion) and elastography (transient elastography (TE); right liver lobe acoustic radiation force impulse imaging (r-ARFI); left liver lobe ARFI (l-ARFI)) were prospectively evaluated in patients with indications for allo-SCT. Measurements were performed before and repeatedly after SCT. Results were compared with the incidence of life-threatening complications and death during the first 150 days after SCT. Of 59 included patients, 16 suffered from major complications and 9 of them died within the follow-up period. At baseline, liver and spleen size, liver perfusion, TE and r-ARFI did not differ significantly between patients with and without severe complications. In contrast, l-ARFI was significantly elevated in patients who later developed severe complications (1.58±0.30?m/s vs 1.37±0.27?m/s, P=0.030). After SCT, l-ARFI values remained elevated and TE showed increasing liver stiffness in patients with complications. The value of conventional liver ultrasound for prediction of severe SCT complications is limited. Increased values for TE and l-ARFI are associated with severe SCT complications and demand further evaluation. PMID:24710567

Karlas, T; Weber, J; Nehring, C; Kronenberger, R; Tenckhoff, H; Mössner, J; Niederwieser, D; Tröltzsch, M; Lange, T; Keim, V

2014-06-01

374

Complications caused by contact lens wearing.  

PubMed

Complications in wearing contact lenses are very rare and caused by poor maintenance, over-extended wear and wearing of contact lenses in a polluted environment. Regular control by a professional person can efficiently reduce the number of complications. This paper describes the most common risks factors for complications, and complications of wearing contact lenses with the classification according to the anatomic parts of the eye: eyelids, tear film, limbus, corneal epithelium, corneal stroma and corneal endothelium. Every complication has been described by the characteristic signs and symptoms, etiology and pathology, as well as therapy and prognosis. The paper describes how to select adequate customers as contact lens users, with proper education in order to ensure minimal incidence of complications due to contact lens wear, thus attracting a lot of satisfied and healthy customers. PMID:23837241

Beljan, Jasna; Beljan, Kristina; Beljan, Zdravko

2013-04-01

375

Postoperative Follow-Up and Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter discusses the postoperative follow-up and surgical complications after ICD implantation. Postoperative electrophysiologic\\u000a testing is covered in the previous chapter and general complications of ICD therapy are addressed in the chapters entitled\\u000a “ICD Lead System Dysfunction, Diagnosis and Therapy” and “Rhythm-related Complications and Adverse Events in Patients with\\u000a Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators”.

Antonio Pacifico; Philip D. Henry

376

Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and complications of ART.  

PubMed

This article reviews serious clinical complications related to assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures (ovarian stimulation and oocyte aspiration), including ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), bleeding and infection. These complications are rare, but can be severe and even life-threatening. It is important that general practitioners and gynaecologists are aware of these complications, because they will often be the first to be contacted by patients. Similarly, patients should be counselled before starting ART procedures that iatrogenic complications can be associated with ovarian stimulation and/or oocyte aspiration. PMID:19632900

Vloeberghs, Veerle; Peeraer, Karen; Pexsters, Anne; D'Hooghe, Thomas

2009-10-01

377

[Vascular complications of liver transplantation: surgical treatment].  

PubMed

Vascular complications constitute a major cause of morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation. They are dominated by arterial complications, the most frequent being hepatic artery thrombosis. Venous complications essentially consist of portal vein thrombosis. The preventive treatment of vascular complications is based on a better understanding of the risk factors. Close cooperation between surgeon, and radiologist is essential for effective surgical correction, which requires a rapid diagnosis and is designed to save not only the patient's life, but also, whenever possible, the liver transplant. PMID:7993021

Yandza, T; Lababidi, A; Jaworski, W; Gauthier, F; De Dreuzy, O; Pariente, D; Valayer, J

1994-01-01

378

The free vascularised iliac crest tissue transfer: donor site complications associated with eighty-two cases.  

PubMed

Seventy-eight patients who had undergone a total of 82 free vascularised iliac crest tissue transfers were reviewed to determine the incidence of donor site complications. The most frequent problems encountered were early postoperative pain and long term sensory changes. Major complications such as femoral neuropathy and incisional hernia formation were encountered infrequently. More serious potential complications are discussed. In general, the functional loss associated with the free vascularised iliac crest tissue transfer was found to be acceptable, but the inclusion of a skin paddle was noted to be associated with a greater incidence of sensory changes, hernia formation and contour abnormalities. PMID:1562853

Forrest, C; Boyd, B; Manktelow, R; Zuker, R; Bowen, V

1992-01-01

379

High Complication Rate With Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasties on a Fracture Table  

PubMed Central

Background Recent attention in THA has focused on minimally invasive techniques and their short-term outcomes. Despite much debate over the outcomes and complications of the two-incision and the mini-lateral and mini-posterior approaches, complications arising from use of the anterior THA on a fracture table are not well documented. Questions/purposes We determined the intraoperative and postoperative complications with the anterior approach to THA through an extended single-surgeon patient series. Methods We reviewed 800 primary THAs performed anteriorly with the aid of a fracture table over 5 years and recorded all intraoperative and postoperative complications up to latest followup (average, 1.8 years; range, 0–5 years). Patients with severe acetabular deformity or severe flexion contractures were excluded and those surgeries were performed with a lateral approach during the time period of this study. Results Intraoperative complications included 19 trochanteric fractures, three femoral perforations, one femoral fracture, one acetabular fracture, one bleeding complication, and one case of cardiovascular collapse. There were no ankle fractures. Postoperative complications included seven patients with dislocations; seven with deep infections; one with delayed femur fracture; 37 with wound complications, among which 13 had reoperation for local débridement; 14 with deep venous thrombosis; and two with pulmonary embolism; and 31 other nonfatal medical complications. Conclusions The main intraoperative complications of trochanteric fractures and perforations occurred mostly early in the series, while the main postoperative complications related to wound healing were prevalent throughout the entire series. Despite potential advantages of use of a fracture table, surgeons should be aware of the potential complications of trochanteric fractures, perforations, and wound-healing problems associated with this technique. Level of Evidence Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Collis, Dennis K.

2010-01-01

380

Jejunogastric Intussusception: A Rare Complication of Gastric Surgery  

PubMed Central

Jejunogastric intussusception is a rare complication of gastric surgery. It usually presents with severe epigastric pain, vomiting, and hematemesis. A history of gastric surgery can help in making an accurate and early diagnosis which calls forth an urgent surgical intervention. Only reduction or resection with revision of the previously performed anastomosis is the choice which is decided according to the operative findings. We present a case of JGI in a patient with a history of Billroth II operation diagnosed by computed tomography. At emergent laparotomy, an efferent loop type JGI was found. Due to necrosis, resection of the intussuscepted bowel with Roux-en-Y anastomosis was performed. Postoperative recovery was uneventful.

Cipe, Gokhan; Malya, Fatma Umit; Hasbahceci, Mustafa; Ersoy, Yeliz Emine; Karatepe, Oguzhan; Muslumanoglu, Mahmut

2013-01-01

381

Managing complications II: conduit failure and conduit airway fistulas  

PubMed Central

Conduit failure and conduit airway fistula are rare complications after esophagectomy, however they can be catastrophic resulting in high mortality. Survivors can expect a prolonged hospital course with multiple interventions and an extended period of time prior to being able to resume oral nutrition. High index of suspicion can aid in early diagnosis. Conduit failure usually requires a period of proximal esophageal diversion and staged reconstruction. Conduit airway fistulas may be amenable to endoscopic repair but this has a high failure rate and many patients will require surgical repair with closure of the fistula and interposition of vascularized tissue to minimize recurrence.

Mehta, Christopher K.

2014-01-01

382

Early Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter explores the connections and disconnections between children’s oral language\\u000a \\u000a and early literacy\\u000a \\u000a . It begins with studies of oral language\\u000a \\u000a as a predictor of early literacy\\u000a \\u000a and then moves on to exploring early literacy\\u000a \\u000a development in homes, early education and care, and the first years of school. Examples of pedagogies incorporating children’s\\u000a ‘funds of knowledge’ from homes and

Susan Hill

383

Atypical complications of gastric bypass surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although gastric bypass surgery continues to grow in popularity for weight loss and weight maintenance in the morbidly obese, there has been little attention given to the imaging of complications associated with these surgeries. The purpose of our study is to demonstrate the variety of gastric bypass surgery complications that can be identified radiographically, with attention to the more unusual

Myrosia T. Mitchell; Victor J. Pizzitola; M-Grace Knuttinen; Tiffany Robinson; Arunas E. Gasparaitis

2005-01-01

384

Complications with Outpatient Angiography and Interventional Procedures  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To prospectively identify the complications, and rates of complication, in outpatient angiography and interventional procedures. Methods: There were 1050 consecutive patients, 646 men and 404 women, aged 17-89 years, with a total of 1239 procedures studied in a 2-year period, 1997 to 1999. Results: There were 560 cases of aorto-femoral angiography,resulting in 124 complications (22%), with pain or hematoma in 110.There were 206 cases of neck and cerebral angiography, resulting in 51 complications (25%), with pain and hematoma in 34, transient ischemic attack in 2 and cerebrovascular accident in 1. There were 197 interfentional procedures, with 177 being balloon dilatations, resulting in 68 complications (35%), with 2 having hematomas and 1 having hematoma/abscess requiring active treatment. There were 276 cases having various 'other' procedures (e.g., renal angiography),resulting in 65 complications (24%), with pain and hematoma in 61. No procedure-related death occurred. Eighteen cases (1.5%) had significant complications, with contrast allergy in eight. Conclusion: Outpatient angiography and intervention are relatively safe, with low significant complication rates.

Young, Noel; Chi, Ka-Kit; Ajaka, Joe; McKay, Lesa; O'Neill, Diane; Wong, Kai Ping [Department of Radiology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, NWS, 2145 (Australia)

2002-03-15

385

Complicated Migraine and Haemoglobin AS in Nigerians  

PubMed Central

Among 123 Nigerians with migraine seen at one clinic 49 (40%) had complicated migraine, with ophthalmoplegia in 20 and amaurosis or field defects in 13. Haemoglobin AS was found in 60% of patients with complicated migraine, compared with 20% of those with simple migraine.

Osuntokun, Benjamin O.; Osuntokun, Olabopo

1972-01-01

386

Retinopathy of prematurity and anterior segment complications.  

PubMed

The management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has changed over the last 20 years. Screening and treatment protocols have been established to provide timely therapy to infants at risk. Cryotherapy, laser photoablation, vitrectomy, and scleral buckling have proven effective but also have inherent risks of complications. The anterior segment complications related to ROP therapy are presented herein. PMID:15533751

Ibarra, Michael S; Capone, Antonio

2004-12-01

387

Fractional CO2 Laser Resurfacing Complications  

PubMed Central

Fractionated CO2 laser technology has allowed physicians to resurface patients with a lower rate of complications than nonfractionated ablative laser treatment. Unfortunately, adverse effects can still occur even with the best technology and physician care. Complication prevention, detection, and treatment are an important part of a physician's ability to provide the best result when treating a patient with fractionated CO2 resurfacing.

Ramsdell, William M.

2012-01-01

388

Neurological complications in obstetric regional anaesthesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neurological complications after obstetric central neural blocks are rare events. Although central neural blockade does cause neurological complications, there must be awareness that neurological deficits may either develop spontaneously (e.g. epidural abscess\\/haematoma) or as a result of the labour and delivery process (maternal obstetric palsies). We have attempted to review as completely as possible the published survey and case reports

C. C. Loo; G. Dahlgren; L. Irestedt

2000-01-01

389

Complications of surgery for radiotherapy skin damage  

SciTech Connect

Complications of modern surgery for radiotherapy skin damage reviewed in 28 patients who had 42 operations. Thin split-thickness skin grafts for ulcer treatment had a 100 percent complication rate, defined as the need for further surgery. Local flaps, whether delayed or not, also had a high rate of complications. Myocutaneous flaps for ulcers had a 43 percent complication rate, with viable flaps lifting off radiated wound beds. Only myocutaneous flaps for breast reconstruction and omental flaps with skin grafts and Marlex mesh had no complications. The deeper tissue penetration of modern radiotherapy techniques may make skin grafts and flaps less useful. In reconstruction of radiation ulcers, omental flaps and myocutaneous flaps are especially useful, particularly if the radiation damage can be fully excised. The pull of gravity appears detrimental to myocutaneous flap healing and, if possible, should be avoided by flap design.

Rudolph, R.

1982-08-01

390

Complications of Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking  

PubMed Central

Cross-linking of corneal collagen (CXL) is a promising approach for the treatment of keratoconus and secondary ectasia. Several long-term and short-term complications of CXL have been studied and documented. The possibility of a secondary infection after the procedure exists because the patient is subjected to epithelial debridement and the application of a soft contact lens. Formation of temporary corneal haze, permanent scars, endothelial damage, treatment failure, sterile infiltrates, and herpes reactivation are the other reported complications of this procedure. Cross-linking is a low-invasive procedure with low complication and failure rate but it may have direct or primary complications due to incorrect technique application or incorrect patient's inclusion and indirect or secondary complications related to therapeutic soft contact lens, patient's poor hygiene, and undiagnosed concomitant ocular surface diseases.

Dhawan, Shikha; Rao, Kavita; Natrajan, Sundaram

2011-01-01

391

Common post-operative complications in children  

PubMed Central

The exact incidence of common post-operative complications in children is not known. Most common one is post-operative nausea and vomiting followed by respiratory complications leading to hypoxia. Cardiac complications are less in children without associated congenital cardiac anomaly. Post-operative shivering, agitation and delirium are seen more often in children anaesthetised with newer inhalational agents like sevoflurane and desflurane. Urinary retention in the post-operative period could be influenced by anaesthetic drugs and regional blocks. The purpose of this article is to review the literature and present to the postgraduate students comprehensive information about the current understanding and practice pattern on various common complications in the post-operative period. Extensive literature was searched with key words of various complications from Pubmed, Google scholar and specific journal, namely paediatric anaesthesia. The relevant articles, review article meta-analysis and editorials were the primary source of information for this article.

Pawar, Dilip

2012-01-01

392

Surgical treatment for complications of congenital retinoschisis.  

PubMed

This study examined the clinical features of complications of congenital retinoschisis and the clinical efficacy of vitreoretinal surgery in the treatment of these complications. The clinical efficacy of surgical treatments was retrospectively analyzed in 10 patients with congenital retinoschisis (10 eyes) complicated with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (n=5), vitreous hemorrhage (n=2) and macula- involving schisis (n=1). All the patients suffered foveal and peripheral schisis. They were treated with scleral buckling (n=1) or vitrectomy (n=9). After the surgical treatment, the retina was reattached in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment; the refractive media became transparent in those with vitreous hemorrhage; the visual acuity in 80% of patients was improved; no remarkable progression of schisis was found; no severe operative complications occurred. It was concluded that vitreoretinal surgery in the treatment of complications of congenital retinoschisis is safe and effective, and helps improve and maintain the visual function. PMID:21671187

You, Jiang

2011-06-01

393

Complications and Continuation of Intrauterine Device Use Among Commercially Insured Teenagers  

PubMed Central

Objective Many U.S. providers remain reluctant to prescribe intrauterine devices (IUDs) to teenagers due to concerns about serious complications. This study examined whether 15–19 year-old IUD users were more likely to experience complications, failure, or early discontinuation than adult users aged 20–24 and 25–44 years and whether there were differences in between users of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems and copper IUDs. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted using health insurance claims obtained from a private insurance company of 90,489 women who had an IUD inserted between 2002 and 2009. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds of experiencing complications, method failure, or early discontinuation within 12 months of insertion by age group and type of IUD inserted. Results Serious complications, including ectopic pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease, occurred in less than 1% of patients regardless of age or IUD type. Women aged 15–19 years were more likely than those aged 25–44 years to have a claim for dysmenorrhea OR=1.4, CI=1.1, 1.6), amenorrhea (OR=1.3, CI=1.1, 1.5), or normal pregnancy (OR=1.4, CI=1.1, 1.8). Overall, early discontinuation did not differ between teenagers and women aged 25–44 years (13% vs. 11%, p>.05). However, use of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system was associated with fewer complications and less early discontinuation than the copper IUD in all age groups. Conclusions The IUD is as appropriate for teenagers to use as it is for older women, with serious complications occurring infrequently in all groups. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system may be a better choice than copper IUD due to lower odds of complications, discontinuation, and failure.

Berenson, Abbey B.; Tan, Alai; Hirth, Jacqueline M.; Wilkinson, Gregg S.

2014-01-01

394

Cost-effectiveness of Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND. The Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity trial demonstrated that peripheral retinal ablation of eyes with high-risk prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (early treatment) is associated with improved visual outcomes at 9 months' corrected gestational age compared with treatment at threshold disease (conventional management). However, early treatment increased the frequency of laser therapy, anesthesia with intubation, treatment-related systemic complications, and

Karen L. Kamholz; Cynthia H. Cole; James E. Gray; John A. F. Zupancic

2010-01-01

395

Gallbladder perforation: A rare complication of enteric fever?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Gallbladder perforation is a rare complication of acute calculous cholecystitis in adults. Perforation of gallbladder due to enteric fever is extremely rare condition. Pre-operative diagnosis is rarely made and mortality is high. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report a case of acalculous gallbladder perforation following enteric fever in a 14-year-old boy, who presented as acute abdomen and responded very well after emergency laparotomy and cholecystectomy. DISCUSSION Enteric fever is common in tropics and a common cause of bowel perforation. Acute cholecystitis is a rare complication of typhoid and gallbladder perforation is extremely rare complication. Ultrasound and CT lack specificity to detect gallbladder perforation. Diagnosis is usually made intra-operatively. Cholecystectomy is treatment of choice in such cases and provides good result. CONCLUSION Gallbladder perforation secondary to enteric fever requires a high degree of clinical suspicion. In typhoid endemic region, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patient presenting with a history of prolonged fever and signs of peritonitis. Early diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention are very important in reducing the morbidity and mortality. Cholecystectomy is the choice with a good outcome.

Singh, Mahendra; Kumar, Lovekesh; Singh, Rashpal; Jain, Aaron K.; Karande, Snehal K.; Saradna, Arjun; Prashanth, U.

2013-01-01

396

[Acute myocarditis complicating Mediterranean spotted fever. A case report].  

PubMed

Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) due to Rickettsia conorii is the most important tick-borne disease occurring in North Africa. The first description of MSF was made by Conor and Brush in 1910 in Tunisia. Clinical diagnosis relies on the association of fever, rash and inoculation's scar during summertime. Prognosis in MSF is usually good, however malignant forms were described. These forms occur in patients with comorbidities. G6PD deficiency is a classic ground for severe forms of MSF. Myocarditis is an uncommon complication in MSF; only few cases were reported in the literature. We report a new case of myocarditis complicating MSF in a 15-year-old patient with G6PD deficiency. The patient presented with fever and rash, evocative of MSF; he reported chest pain and the electrocardiogram showed ST segment elevation in anterior leads. Troponin level was elevated. Echocardiogram showed left ventricular dysfunction with 40% ejection fraction. Serologic tests confirmed R. conorii recent infection. Antibiotic treatment with vibramycine and rifadine was started. Patient also received classic treatment of myocarditis with left ventricular dysfunction associating CEI, ß-bloquers and diuretics. Evolution was favourable with complete recovery of left ventricular function. Myocarditis is an uncommon but severe complication of MSF. Early diagnosis and treatment allow favorable evolution. PMID:21664598

Ben Mansour, N; Barakett, N; Hajlaoui, N; Haggui, A; Filali, T; Dahmen, R; Fehri, W; Haouala, H

2014-02-01

397

Abdominal and pelvic complications of nonoperative oncologic therapy.  

PubMed

Oncologic patients are treated with a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Advances in therapeutic options have greatly improved the survival of patients with cancer. Examples of these advances are newer chemotherapeutic agents that target the cell receptors and advanced radiation therapy delivery systems. It is imperative that radiologists be aware of the variety of imaging findings seen after therapy in patients with cancer. Complications may occur with classic cytotoxic therapies (eg, 5-fluorouracil), usually at higher or prolonged doses or when administered to radiosensitive areas. Newer targeted systemic agents, such as bevacizumab and imatinib, have associated characteristic toxicities because their effects on cells do not depend on dose. Radiation may induce early and late effects in local normal tissues that may be seen at imaging. Imaging findings after chemotherapy include fatty liver, pseudocirrhosis, hepatic veno-occlusive disease, and splenic rupture. Complications of radiation therapy include large and small bowel strictures and radiation-induced hepatitis and tumors. Awareness of the various therapeutic options and knowledge of the spectrum of posttherapeutic complications allows radiologists to provide a comprehensive report that may impact patient management. ©RSNA, 2014. PMID:25019433

Viswanathan, Chitra; Truong, Mylene T; Sagebiel, Tara L; Bronstein, Yulia; Vikram, Raghunandan; Patnana, Madhavi; Silverman, Paul M; Bhosale, Priya R

2014-01-01

398

Microvascular Complications in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus  

PubMed Central

Objective: Screening of complications is an important part of diabetes care. The aim of this study was to investigate diabetic complications and related risk factors in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on type 1 diabetics who were over 11 years of age or had a diabetes duration of 2 years and included 155 adolescents with T1DM (67 male, 88 female). The mean age of the patients was 14.4±2.1 years. Mean diabetes duration was 6.3±2.9 years. The patients were screened for diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy. Results: Mean glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of the study group was 8.4%. The frequency of microalbuminuria and peripheral neuropathy were 16.1% and 0.6%, respectively. None of the patients had diabetic retinopathy. Dyslipidemia and hypertension rates were 30.3% and 12.3%, respectively. Risk factors associated with microalbuminuria were hypertension, higher HbA1c levels, longer diabetes duration and dyslipidemia. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and treatment of hypertension and dyslipidemia as well as achieving a better metabolic control are important in prevention or postponement of complications in patients with T1DM. Yearly screening for diabetic nephropathy should be started 2 years after the onset of the diabetes. Conflict of interest:None declared.

Demirel, Fatma; Tepe, Derya; Kara, Ozlem; Esen, Ihsan

2013-01-01

399

Complications After Open Distal Clavicle Excision  

PubMed Central

Isolated distal clavicle excision performed as an open procedure has been considered safe and, in the literature, has been considered the standard for comparison with arthroscopic distal clavicle excisions. However, we noticed isolated open distal clavicle excision was associated with a number of complications. We therefore raised two questions about the complication rate in a cohort of our patients who had undergone this procedure: (1) What was the complication rate and how did it compare to that in the existing literature on this subject? and (2) Were the complications in our cohort similar to those previously reported? We studied 42 patients who underwent an isolated distal clavicle excision between 1992 and 2003. There were 27 complications (64%), which was substantially higher than rates previously reported. Complications in our cohort not previously reported included continued acromioclavicular joint tenderness and scar hypertrophy. Our study suggests complications after open distal clavicle excisions may be more frequent than and may differ from previously reported rates and types. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Chronopoulos, Efstathis; Gill, Harpreet S.; Freehill, Michael T.; Petersen, Steve A.

2008-01-01

400

Intraoperative Fluid Management and Complications Following Pancreatectomy  

PubMed Central

Background Considerable debate exists as to appropriate perioperative fluid management. Data from several studies suggest that the amount of fluid administered perioperatively influences surgical outcome. Pancreatic resection is a major procedure in which complications are common. We examined 1,030 sequential patients who had undergone pancreatic resection at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. We documented the prevalence and nature of their complications, and then correlated complications to intraoperative fluid administration. Methods We retrospectively examined 1,030 pancreatic resections performed at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between May 2004 and December 2009 from our pancreatic database. Intraoperative administration of colloid and crystalloid was obtained from anesthesia records, and complication data from our institutional database. Results The overall in-hospital mortality was 1.7%. Operative mortality was due predominantly to intraabdominal infection. Sixty percent of the mortality resulted from intraabdominal complications related to the procedure. We did not demonstrate a clinically significant relationship between intraoperative fluid administration and complications, although minor statistical significance was suggested. Conclusions In this retrospective review of intraoperative fluid administration we were not able to demonstrate a clinically significant association between postoperative complications and intraoperative crystalloid and colloid fluid administration. A randomized controlled trial has been initiated to address this question.

Grant, Florence M.; Protic, Mladjan; Gonen, Mithat; Allen, Peter; Brennan, Murray F.

2014-01-01

401

Complications associated with cerebral venous thrombosis.  

PubMed

Although CVT is associated with a good outcome in the majority of cases, it may be complicated by numerous unique and sometimes rare complications. The purpose of this review is to discuss the acute and chronic complications of CVT in greater detail. Awareness may lead to a more aggressive approach in those in which these complications are anticipated and perhaps avoided. The complications of CVT may be temporally divided into those unique to the acute stage and those that are associated with the chronic stage of CVT. They are venous infarction and haemorrhage, subarachnoid haemorrhage, a rapid progression and pulmonary embolism. In the chronic stages of CVT, one may encounter dural AV--fistula, progressive psychiatric disease, residual epilepsy and recurrence. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is associated with unique acute and chronic complications, some of them may be avoidable, e.g. pulmonary embolism. The chronic complications are rare but are potentially treatable, e.g. dural AVFistula nidus obliteration with intervention. PMID:17183989

Siddiqui, Fazeel Mukhtar; Kamal, Ayeesha K

2006-11-01

402

Complications in 100 living-liver donors.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: A review of 100 living-liver donors was performed to evaluate the perisurgical complications of the procedure and thus to help quantify the risks to the donor. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Despite the advantages of living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT), the procedure has received criticism for the risk it imposes on healthy persons. A paucity of data exists regarding the complications and relative safety of the procedure. METHODS: One hundred LDLTs performed between November 1989 and November 1996 were reviewed. Donor data were obtained by chart review, anesthesia records, and the computerized hospital data base. Patient variables were compared by Fisher's exact test and the Student's t test. RESULTS: There were 57 women and 43 men with a median age of 29. Donors were divided into two groups: group A (first 50 donors), and group B (last 50 donors). There were 91 left lateral segments and 9 left lobes. There were no deaths. Fourteen major complications occurred in 13 patients; 9 occurred in group A and 5 in group B. Biliary complications consisted of five bile duct injuries (group A = 4, group B = 1) and two cut edge bile leaks. Complications were more common in left lobe resections (55%) than in left lateral segment grafts (10%). Minor complications occurred in 20% of patients. A significant reduction in overall complications (major and minor) was observed between the groups (group A, n = 24 [45%] vs. group B, n = 10 [20%]). In addition, surgical time and hospital stay were both significantly reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Although the procedure is safe, many LDLT donors have a perisurgical complication. Surgical experience and technical modifications have resulted in a significant reduction in these complications, however. To minimize the risks for these healthy donors, LDLT should be performed at institutions with extensive experience.

Grewal, H P; Thistlewaite, J R; Loss, G E; Fisher, J S; Cronin, D C; Siegel, C T; Newell, K A; Bruce, D S; Woodle, E S; Brady, L; Kelly, S; Boone, P; Oswald, K; Millis, J M

1998-01-01

403

Eleven years of experience with the neurologic complications in Korean patients with acute aortic dissection: a retrospective study  

PubMed Central

Background This study attempts to explore the clinical features, possible mechanisms and prognosis of the neurologic complications in patients with acute aortic dissection (AD). Methods Medical records of 278 consecutive patients with AD (165 with type A and 113 with type B dissection) over 11.5 years were retrospectively analyzed for clinical history, CT findings, neurologic complications and outcome. Neurologic complications were classified into early-onset or delayed-onset complications. Independent t-test or Chi-square test (or Fisher exact test) was used for comparing the different groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the independent association between variables. Results The mean age of the included patients (145 male and 133 female) was 59.4 years (range 19–91 years). 41 patients (14.7%) had a neurologic complication, which included 21 with early-onset complication and 23 with delayed-onset complication, including 3 with both. Advanced age and classic type of dissection were independently associated with the neurologic complication in patients with type A dissection. The most frequent manifestation was ischemic stroke (26 patients, 9.4%), followed by hypoxic encephalopathy (9, 3.2%), ischemic neuropathy (5, 1.8%), spinal cord ischemia (5, 1.8%), seizure (2, 0.7%), hoarseness (1, 0.4%) and septic encephalopathy (1, 0.4%). Overall in-hospital mortality was 10.1%, whereas the complicated group had a mortality rate of 43.9%. Renal impairment, pulse deficit, neurologic complication and nonsurgical treatment were independent variables for determining in-hospital mortality in patients with type A dissection. Conclusions The dominance of neurologic symptom in the early stage of AD may make its early diagnosis difficult. Besides chest pain and widened mediastinum in chest x-ray, variable neurologic symptoms including left hemiparesis with asymmetric pulse and hypotension may suggest underlying AD.

2013-01-01

404

Management of complications in glaucoma surgery  

PubMed Central

Surgical option for glaucoma is considered when other modalities are not working out to keep the intraocular pressure under control. Since the surgical procedures for glaucoma disrupt the integrity of the globe, they are known to produce various complications. Some of those complications can be vision-threatening. To minimize the morbidity, it is very important that one should know how to prevent them, recognize them and treat them. The objective of this article is to provide insight into some of those complications that will help the ophthalmologists in treating glaucoma patients in their clinical practice.

Vijaya, Lingam; Manish, Panday; Ronnie, George; Shantha, B

2011-01-01

405

[Diabetic retinopathy complications--12-year retrospective study].  

PubMed

It is analyzed, on a retrospective study on 12 years, the incidence of diabetus melitus cases, hospitalized in the Ophthalmologic Clinic from Craiova with special mention to the frequency of the diabetic retinopathy, of it's complications and in an accordance to other general diseases, especially cardiovascular's, which contributes to the aggravation of the diabetic ocular in juries evolution. The study underlines the high incidence of the new founded cases with diabetus melitus in complicated diabetes retinopathy stage; the high frequency of ocular complications is explained, according to our statistic facts and through an insufficient treatment, sometimes incorrect and many other cases total neglected by the patients. PMID:12677808

Ignat, Florica; Davidescu, Livia

2002-01-01

406

Vascular complications after splenectomy for hematologic disorders  

PubMed Central

The most widely recognized long-term risk of splenectomy is overwhelming bacterial infection. More recently, thrombosis has become appreciated as another potential complication of the procedure. Because of these long-term risks, the indications for and timing of splenectomy are debated in the medical community. Accordingly, the adverse effects and benefits of splenectomy for hematologic disorders and other conditions demand further study. This comprehensive review summarizes the existing literature pertaining to vascular complications after splenectomy for hematologic conditions and attempts to define the potential pathophysiologic mechanisms involved. This complex topic encompasses diverse underlying conditions for which splenectomy is performed, diverse thrombotic complications, and multiple pathophysiologic mechanisms.

Buchanan, George R.

2009-01-01

407

Switching antiretroviral therapy to minimize metabolic complications  

PubMed Central

Advances in HIV therapy have made living with HIV for decades a reality for many patients. However, antiretroviral therapy has been associated with multiple long-term complications, including dyslipidemia, fat redistribution, insulin resistance and increased cardiovascular risk. As newer agents with improved metabolic profiles have become available, there is growing interest in the safety and efficacy of switching ART as a strategy to reduce long-term complications. This article reviews recently published data on switching ART to minimize the contributions of specific agents to these complications.

Lake, Jordan E; Currier, Judith S

2011-01-01

408

Complications following pancreatic transplantations: imaging features.  

PubMed

Whole organ vascularized pancreatic transplant is a recognized treatment for diabetes and is increasingly being performed worldwide. The procedure itself is complex and is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Despite improvements in surgical techniques, postoperative complications of pancreatic transplantation are still common and include graft rejection, pancreatitis, peripancreatic fluid collections, exocrine leaks, vascular thrombosis, and hemorrhage. In this pictorial essay, we review clinical presentation and imaging features of these complications. We also briefly discuss technique and complications of islet cell transplants. PMID:20563577

Liong, S Y; Dixon, R E; Chalmers, N; Tavakoli, A; Augustine, T; O'Shea, S

2011-04-01

409

Complications following endoscopic intracranial procedures in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The significant technological improvement of endoscopic instrumentation has allowed, in the last 10 years, a widespread diffusion\\u000a of neuroendoscopic procedures. Nevertheless, severe, sometimes life-threatening, complications may occur during neuroendoscopic\\u000a surgery, and the incidence and age specificity of complications in children have been underdescribed so far.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  Complications recorded in a prospectively collected database of pediatric patients undergoing neuroendoscopic procedures were

Giuseppe Cinalli; Pietro Spennato; Claudio Ruggiero; Ferdinando Aliberti; Vincenzo Trischitta; Maria Consiglio Buonocore; Emilio Cianciulli; Giuseppe Maggi

2007-01-01

410

Posterior plica perforation: rare complication of adenotonsillectomy.  

PubMed

Tonsillectomy is one of the most common operations performed by otolaryngologists. Some extraordinary complications of this surgery are massive bleeding, taste perception disorders due to glossopharyngeal nerve damage, hematoma of the mouth floor, jugular vein thrombosis, Grisel syndrome, cervical osteomyelitis, nasopharyngeal stenosis, pulmonary edema, infection, and lingual artery pseudoaneurysm. In this clinical report, an 8-year-old girl presented with a posterior plica perforation after adenotonsillectomy performed 1 week previously and this complication has led to velopharyngeal insufficiency. This rare complication may result from traumatic damage or excessive cauterization of the posterior plica. PMID:25006950

Yildirim, Yavuz Selim; Senturk, Erol; Ozturan, Orhan

2014-07-01

411

Predisposing factors and surgical outcome of complicated liver hydatid cysts  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the predisposing factors for peritoneal perforation and intrabiliary rupture and the effects of these complications on surgical outcome in liver hydatid disease. METHODS: A total of 372 patients with liver hydatid cysts who had undergone surgical treatment were evaluated retrospectively. Twenty eight patients with peritoneal perforation, 93 patients with spontaneous intrabiliary perforation, and 251 patients with noncomplicated hydatid cysts were treated in our clinics. RESULTS: When the predisposing factors for complications were evaluated, younger age, superficial position, and larger cyst dimensions (P < 0.05; range, 0.001-0.017) increased peritoneal perforation rates. It was shown that older age increased cyst dimensions, and presence of multiple and bilobar cysts increased intrabiliary rupture rates (P < 0.05; range, 0.001-0.028). Partial pericystectomy and drainage was the most frequent surgical procedure in all groups (71.6%). The incidence of post-operative complications in the peritoneal perforated group, in the intrabiliary ruptured group, and in the noncomplicated group was 25%, 16.1% and 5.5%, respectively. When compared, complication rates were significantly different (P = 0.002). When length of hospital stay was compared, there was no significant difference between the groups (P > 0.05). The overall recurrence rate was 3.8% (14 patients), but there was not any statistical difference among the patient groups (P = 0.13). The early postoperative mortality rate was 1.1%. CONCLUSION: In peritoneally perforated and intrabiliary ruptured cases, the most important steps are irrigation of the peritoneal cavity and clearance of the cystic material from the biliary tree.

Akcan, Alper; Sozuer, Erdogan; Akyildiz, Hizir; Ozturk, Ahmet; Atalay, Altay; Yilmaz, Zeki

2010-01-01

412

Section 8. Management of portal venous complications in pediatric living donor liver transplantation.  

PubMed

Portal vein (PV) complications after living donor liver transplant (LDLT) have been a major concern in pediatric liver transplantation. The incidence of PV complications is more in pediatric (0%-33%) than in adult recipients. Early diagnosis and treatment of PV complications may ensure optimal graft function and good recipient survival. Small preoperation PV size (<4 mm) and slow portal flow (<10 cm/s) combined with lower hepatic artery resistance index (<0.65) are strong warning signs that may predict the development of post LDLT PV complications. Portal vein angioplasty/stenting is conventionally performed through the percutaneous transhepatic approach; however, this can also be performed through transjugular, trans-splenic, and intraoperative approaches. Depending on the situation, using optimal method is the key point to minimize complication (5%) and gain high success rate (80%). PV occlusion of greater than 1 year with cavernous transformation seems to be a factor causing technical failure. Good patency rate (100%) with self-expandable metallic stents was noted in long-term follow-up. In conclusion, PV stent placement is an effective, long-term treatment modality to manage PV complications after pediatric LDLT. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to maximize the use of stent placement and achieve good success rates. PMID:24849830

Cheng, Yu-Fan; Ou, Hsin-You; Yu, Chun-Yen; Tsang, Leo Leung-Chit; Huang, Tung-Liang; Chen, Tai-Yi; Concejero, Allan; Wang, Chih-Chi; Wang, Shih-Ho; Lin, Tsan-Shiun; Liu, Yueh-Wei; Yang, Chin-Hsiang; Yong, Chee-Chien; Chiu, King-Wah; Jawan, Bruno; Eng, Hock-Liew; Chen, Chao-Long

2014-04-27

413

Vascular complications after percutaneous coronary interventions following hemostasis with manual compression versus arteriotomy closure devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESWe evaluated the vascular complications after hemostasis with arteriotomy closure devices (ACD) versus manual compression after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).BACKGROUNDPrevious clinical studies have indicated that ACD can be used for achievement of hemostasis and early ambulation after PCI. This study investigated the safety of ACD in achieving hemostasis after PCI compared with manual compression in a large cohort of consecutive

George Dangas; Roxana Mehran; Spyros Kokolis; Dmitriy Feldman; Lowell F Satler; Augusto D Pichard; Kenneth M Kent; Alexandra J Lansky; Gregg W Stone; Martin B Leon

2001-01-01

414

Cirrhosis and its complications: evidence based treatment.  

PubMed

Cirrhosis results from progressive fibrosis and is the final outcome of all chronic liver disease. It is among the ten leading causes of death in United States. Cirrhosis can result in portal hypertension and/or hepatic dysfunction. Both of these either alone or in combination can lead to many complications, including ascites, varices, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatopulmonary syndrome, and coagulation disorders. Cirrhosis and its complications not only impair quality of life but also decrease survival. Managing patients with cirrhosis can be a challenge and requires an organized and systematic approach. Increasing physicians' knowledge about prevention and treatment of these potential complications is important to improve patient outcomes. A literature search of the published data was performed to provide a comprehensive review regarding the management of cirrhosis and its complications. PMID:24833875

Nusrat, Salman; Khan, Muhammad S; Fazili, Javid; Madhoun, Mohammad F

2014-05-14

415

Investigation on Ocular Complication of Diabetes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A five year study on the ocular complications of diabetes compared results of eye examinations and biochemical analyses of diabetics with eye disease to nondiabetics with the same prognoses. For the same two populations, results of cataract surgery and po...

T. H. Kirmani

1976-01-01

416

Major Complications in Continuous Epidural Anesthesia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

10,978 administrations of epidural block were performed during 1962-1977 and the major complications and related factors are evaluated and analyzed. Toxic reactions (0.56%) occurred more frequently in portal hypertension cases undergoing shunt operations ...

1980-01-01

417

Complications of thyroidectomy for large goiter  

PubMed Central

Thyroidectomy is a routinely common practiced surgery. Morbidity and mortality from thyroid surgery are disregarded nowadays and undervalued in the literature. Perioperative risks and complications still exist for large goiters and can be life-threatening. These complications may occur during the anesthesia and intubation, intra-, or postoperatively. We set out through a case of a large cervical multinodular goiter (MNG) and a review of literature the perioperative complications and how to avoid them. During the total thyroidectomy operation, an accidental devascularisation of a parathyroid gland, a cervical hematoma which was evacuated by surgical reoperation, hemodynamic disorder and a transitory hypoparathyroidism were the postoperative complications that occurred. Surgery for large goiters remains difficult; so adequate preoperative assessment, particular attention and careful operative procedure should be followed to obtain better surgical outcomes.

Berri, Toufik; Houari, Rachida

2013-01-01

418

A Unusual Case of Complicated Zenker's Diverticulum.  

PubMed

We report the surgical management of a case of Zenker's diverticulum in a 64 year old man, complicated by metallic nail penetration and surgical scarring due to previous surgery for cervical vertebral trauma. PMID:24426504

Bhargav, P R K; Kumar, C H Venkata Pavan; Kumar, A Vinaya; Bhagat, S D; Gayathri, K B; Amar, V

2013-06-01

419

Complications of Embolization for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations  

PubMed Central

Summary Embolization is recognized as an important adjunct in the treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We reviewed our results of embolizations for AVMs and discussed procedure-related complications. Eleven complications were recorded in 68 consecutive patients (16%). Of these, four were technical problems including a glued catheter, inability to withdraw the catheter, vessel perforation by the microcatheter, and coil migration. Other complications included three cases of ischemic symptoms due to retrograde thrombosis, two cases of asymptomatic cerebral infarction, one case of asymptomatic small haemorrhage due to venous occlusion, and one case of post-embolization haemorrhage of unknown etiology. Our morbidity rate was 7%, mortality rate was 0%, and asymptomatic complication torospectively. Further improvements to endovascular techniques and devices are required.

Sugiu, K.; Tokunaga, K.; Sasahara, W.; Watanabe, K.; Nishida, A.; Ono, S.; Nishio, S.; Date, I.; Rufenacht, D. A.

2004-01-01

420

Long-Term Complications of Diabetes  

MedlinePLUS

... developing this complication. Back Continue Heart and Blood Vessel Diseases People with diabetes have a higher risk ... developing certain problems with the heart and blood vessels. (These are called cardiovascular diseases.) Some of these ...

421

Timing Influences Risk of Complications from Circumcision  

MedlinePLUS

... MONDAY, May 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Circumcision during infancy has a low rate of complications, but the ... debate about whether [circumcision] should be delayed from infancy to adulthood for autonomy reasons, our results are ...

422

Cirrhosis and its complications: Evidence based treatment  

PubMed Central

Cirrhosis results from progressive fibrosis and is the final outcome of all chronic liver disease. It is among the ten leadin