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1

Plasma Biopterin Levels and Depressive State in Pregnancy and the Early Puerperal Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plasma total biopterin and tetrahydrobiopterin levels of 14 normal pregnant and 15 normal puerperal women (within 1 week after delivery) were measured. In the first group, total biopterin levels were already increased (average: 18.2 pmol\\/ml) in the second trimester and remained high until the early puerperal period. In the second trimester, the ratio of tetrahydrobiopterin to total biopterin levels decreased

Izumi Omura; Masako Mizutani; Setsuko Goto; Ryo Hashimoto; Tomitsune Kitagami; Hideki Miura; Tatsuro Ohta

2002-01-01

2

Effect of early postpartum PGF2? treatment on reproductive performance in dairy cows with calving and puerperal traits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of early postpartum PGF two alpha treatment on reproductive performance in dairy cows with calving and puerperal traits. A total of 363 Holstein cows (128 primiparous and 235 multiparous) were selected based on the presence of at least one of calving and puerperal traits (dystocia, retained placenta, twin, abortion, and

B. Salasel; A. Mokhtari

2011-01-01

3

Puerperal sepsis.  

PubMed

Infections during pregnancy are relatively prevalent, and the majority of cases are managed well in the community. Occasionally, however, infections may be life-threatening. Sepsis may be associated with multiple organ dysfunction and a high mortality. The treatment of sepsis is time critical and requires early fluid resuscitation and antibiotics. Early involvement of other specialties and allied health-care professionals to provide a multidisciplinary approach to patient care is important. Continuous monitoring of maternal vital signs and provision of supportive care for multiple organ dysfunction are best done within the intensive care unit. Despite advances in patient care, the mortality rate associated with maternal sepsis remains high. Health-care services in low-income countries face particular problems that account for an increased incidence of puerperal sepsis and maternal mortality. These include lack of access to health care, septic abortions and a greater incidence of human immunodeficiency virus. The key to management of sepsis is early recognition, aggressive resuscitation, antibiotic administration and source control. PMID:23993724

Arulkumaran, N; Singer, M

2013-12-01

4

Early Complications Following Cemented Modular Hip Hemiarthroplasty  

PubMed Central

Introduction : Hemiarthroplasty is the recommended treatment for displaced, intracapsular, femoral neck fractures. This study aimed to evaluate the early complications following insertion of the JRI Furlong cemented hemiarthroplasty, a contemporary, modular, double tapered, polished prosthesis. Method : A series of 459 consecutive patients (May 2006 - June 2009) treated with a JRI hemiarthroplasty with a minimum of one-year (1-4years) follow-up were evaluated. Data collected retrospectively from clinical records and hospital databases included patient demographics, mortality, deep infection, dislocation, periprosthetic fracture, and any requirement for revision or complications related to the prosthesis. Results : Full data were available for 429 of 459 (93%), partial data for 30 (7%). Average age was 83 years (52-100), 76% were female. One-year mortality was 24%. Intraoperative fractures occurred in 17 patients (3.7%). There were two intraoperative deaths. There were nine early deep wound infections (2%). There were two revisions to total hip replacement (THR), four patients required conversion to THR and one underwent an excision arthroplasty procedure. Discussion : Early surgical outcomes for the JRI hemiarthroplasty prosthesis are equivalent or superior to other major hemiarthroplasty prostheses previously reported however, there was a high intraoperative fracture rate of 3.7%. We recommend using a stem one size smaller than the final broach in fragile, osteoporotic bone. No patients re-presented with aseptic loosening or stem failure.

Sullivan, Niall P.T; Hughes, Andrew W; Halliday, Ruth L; Ward, Abigail L; Chesser, Tim J.S

2015-01-01

5

Early local complications following colostomy closure in cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early surgical complications following colostomy closure in 65 cancer patients operated on at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori\\u000a of Milan were evaluated retrospectively. The overall complication rate was 24.6 per cent, including infections (13.8 per cent),\\u000a fistulas (6.1 per cent), wound dehiscence (3.0 per cent), and distal stenosis (1.5 per cent). Type and rate of complications\\u000a were analyzed to find a

Federico Bozzetti; Maurizio Nava; Rosaria Bufalino; Velio Menotti; Raffaele Marolda; R. Doci; Leandro Gennari

1983-01-01

6

Laparoscopic Reoperation for Early Complications of Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) is a popular operation for morbid obesity.Early complications can\\u000a be treated successfully with a laparoscopic approach.We reviewed our experience with laparoscopic re-exploration in the early\\u000a postoperative period. Methods: The initial 85 patients who underwent LRYGBP by two surgeons at a training hospital were reviewed.\\u000a All patients who required re-exploration within the first 60 days

Pavlos K. Papasavas; Michael S. O'Mara; Robert F. Quinlin; Julie Maurer; Philip F. Caushaj; Daniel J. Gagné

2002-01-01

7

Early complications of anterior supine intermuscular total hip arthroplasty.  

PubMed

Anterior supine intermuscular total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed on a fracture table has been increasingly used for primary THA. Accurate cup placement, low incidence of dislocation, shorter hospital stay, and faster return of function are potential benefits of the technique. However, a high complication rate, particularly during a surgeon's learning curve, has been reported. A retrospective analysis of 61 consecutive anterior supine intermuscular primary THAs with at least 6-month follow-up was performed. All procedures were performed using the anterior supine intermuscular approach with cementless implants under fluoroscopic guidance on a fracture table. Prospectively collected data were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate the early complication rate and radiographic accuracy of implant placement. Five (8.2%) intraoperative complications were observed: including 3 trochanteric fractures and 2 calcar fractures, 4 of which required cable fixation during the index procedure. One nondisplaced trochanteric fracture was treated conservatively. One patient sustained an injury of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. Postoperative complications included 1 anterior dislocation, 1 infected superficial hematoma, 1 stem subsidence, and 1 loose stem, with the latter 2 presenting as increasing thigh pain postoperatively and requiring stem revision. The overall complication rate was 16.4% (10/61). Overall, 3 patients (4 hips; 6.5%) required reoperation. No femoral or sciatic nerve injuries occurred, and no patient was diagnosed with venous thromboembolism. All intraoperative fractures occurred during the first 32 cases, and none during the last 29 cases. A potentially high incidence of complications with the anterior supine intermuscular THA exists during a surgeon's learning curve in an academic setting. PMID:23464946

Yi, Chengla; Agudelo, Juan F; Dayton, Michael R; Morgan, Steven J

2013-03-01

8

Early neurological complications of coronary artery bypass surgery.  

PubMed Central

A prospective study of 312 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery was undertaken to determine the incidence, severity, and functional impact of postoperative neurological complications. Detailed evaluation of the patients showed that neurological complications after surgery were common, occurring in 191 of the 312 patients (61%). Although such a high proportion of the total developed detectable changes, serious neurological morbidity was rare. Neurological disorders resulted in death in only one patient (0.3%) and severe disability in only four (1.3%). Forty eight patients were mildly disabled during the early postoperative period, and the remaining 138 with neurological signs had no serious functional disability. The postoperative neurological disorders detected included one death from cerebral hypoxic damage. Prolonged depression of conscious level was observed in 10 patients (3%) and definite stroke in 15 (5%); 78 (25%) developed ophthalmological abnormalities and 123 (39%) primitive reflexes; postoperative psychosis was observed in four (1%); and 37 (12%) developed disorders of the peripheral nervous system. The incidence of serious neurological problems such as fatal cerebral damage, stroke, and brachial plexopathy is in accordance with experience elsewhere. Lesser abnormalities, whose detection required detailed neurological examination, were much commoner than expected from previous reports. Images p1387-a PMID:2998539

Shaw, P J; Bates, D; Cartlidge, N E; Heaviside, D; Julian, D G; Shaw, D A

1985-01-01

9

Early diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus and prevention of diabetes-related complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objetive: To test the hypothesis that an early diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) could avoid some diabetes-related complications. Study design: We compared the rates of pregnancy complications commonly related to diabetes between 189 (later screening group) and 235 (earlier screening group) women with GDM diagnosed before and after adding an universal glucose tolerance screening performed in the first antenatal

Jose L Bartha; Pilar Martinez-Del-Fresno; Rafael Comino-Delgado

2003-01-01

10

Performing Women’s Speech in Early Modern Drama: Troubling Silence, Complicating Voice  

E-print Network

PERFORMING WOMEN’S SPEECH IN EARLY MODERN DRAMA: TROUBLING SILENCE, COMPLICATING VOICE A Dissertation by BEVERLY MARSHALL VAN NOTE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: English Performing Women’s Speech in Early Modern Drama: Troubling Silence, Complicating Voice Copyright 2010 Beverly...

Van Note, Beverly Marshall

2012-10-19

11

Early Postoperative Complications after Heart Transplantation in Adult Recipients: Asan Medical Center Experience  

PubMed Central

Background Heart transplantation has become a widely accepted surgical option for end-stage heart failure in Korea since its first success in 1992. We reviewed early postoperative complications and mortality in 239 patients who underwent heart transplantation using bicaval technique in Asan Medical Center. Methods Between January 1999 and December 2011, a total of 247 patients aged over 17 received heart transplantation using bicaval technique in Asan Medical Center. After excluding four patients with concomitant kidney transplantation and four with heart-lung transplantation, 239 patients were enrolled in this study. We evaluated their early postoperative complications and mortality. Postoperative complications included primary graft failure, cerebrovascular accident, mediastinal bleeding, renal failure, low cardiac output syndrome requiring intra-aortic balloon pump or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation insertion, pericardial effusion, and inguinal lymphocele. Follow-up was 100% complete with a mean follow-up duration of 58.4±43.6 months. Results Early death occurred in three patients (1.3%). The most common complications were pericardial effusion (61.5%) followed by arrhythmia (41.8%) and mediastinal bleeding (8.4%). Among the patients complicated with pericardial effusion, only 13 (5.4%) required window operation. The incidence of other significant complications was less than 5%: stroke (1.3%), low cardiac output syndrome (2.5%), renal failure requiring renal replacement (3.8%), sternal wound infection (2.0%), and inguinal lymphocele (4.6%). Most of complications did not result in the extended length of hospital stay except mediastinal bleeding (p=0.034). Conclusion Heart transplantation is a widely accepted option of surgical treatment for end-stage heart failure with good early outcomes and relatively low catastrophic complications. PMID:24368968

Kim, Ho Jin; Kim, Jae Joong; Kim, Joon Bum; Choo, Suk Jung; Yun, Tae-Jin; Chung, Cheol Hyun; Lee, Jae Won

2013-01-01

12

Early postoperative complications in patients with Crohn's disease given and not given preoperative total parenteral nutrition  

PubMed Central

Objective The effect of preoperative total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on the rate of early (within 30 days) postoperative complications in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD) was examined. Material and methods A series of 15 consecutive patients with CD (mean CD activity index score, 270) given preoperative TPN for 18–90 days (mean, 46 days) and undergoing bowel resection and primary anastomosis was compared with matching controls (105 patients) consecutively selected from all CD patients operated in Stockholm County during a preceding 20-year period without preoperative TPN. Results During the preoperative TPN, all the patients studied displayed clinical remission of CD as reflected in improvement in their general well-being, relief of abdominal pain, and abatement of fever and diarrhea. There was no significant early postoperative complication in the TPN-treated group, whereas there were 29 patients with early postoperative complications in the control group, which means a significantly higher rate of postoperative complications when preoperative TPN was not provided. During the preoperative TPN, some crucial variables increased such as the body weight, the serum concentrations of albumin and triiodothyronine reflecting improved nutritional state, whereas the serum concentration of haptoglobin and the white cell count decreased reflecting decreased inflammatory activity. Conclusions This study shows that preoperative TPN for at least 18 days may be recommended to be given to patients with moderate to severe CD until clinical remission is achieved in order to minimize the risk of early postoperative complications. PMID:22242614

Jacobson, Stefan

2012-01-01

13

Lower skeletal muscle index and early complications in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer  

PubMed Central

Background Radical cystectomy (RC) is the standard treatment for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BC), and it is also a valid option for selected patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive BC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect on the lower skeletal muscle index (SMI) of short-term postoperative complications of radical cystectomy (RC) in patients with bladder cancer (BC). Methods A total of 247 patients who received RC for BC and 204 age-matched healthy population-based controls were retrospectively assessed. SMI was measured by preoperative computed tomography scans at the L4 to L5 level. Early complications were graded by Clavien-Dindo classification; severity of grade III or greater was identified as a severe complication. Logistic regression was utilized to determine the relationships between covariables and severe complications. Results A total of 125 (50.61%)/19 (7.69%) patients exhibited overall/severe complications during the early postoperative period. SMI was strongly associated with gender (P <0.01), but not age and body mass index (BMI), among patients with BC. Compared with the matched control group, BC patients exhibited lower SMI. The difference was statistically significant in the subgroup of male patients (P?=?0.03). In the multivariate analysis, SMI was an independent predictor of developing severe complications. Each 1 cm2/m2 increase in SMI was associated with a decrease in the odds of morbidity by 4.8%. Conclusions A lower SMI is frequently observed in bladder cancer patients undergoing RC and is shown to be strongly associated with early complications following surgery. PMID:24423007

2014-01-01

14

[Puerperal sepsis in the 19th century and Trendlenburg's ligature of the internal iliacal vein].  

PubMed

With the establishment of institutions for child delivery in city hospitals and with incorporation of routine autopsy into the field of activity of assistants at birth, childbed fever spread epidemically and was fatal in most cases. Nearly every third woman in childbed died of puerperal sepsis in the Hôtel Dieu in Paris and in the Erste Wiener Gebärklinik in Vienna. The tragic fate of obstetrician Ignaz Semmelweis began here, he recognized disease transmission from pus and body parts by physicians during the process of delivery. At the end of the 19(th) century puerperal sepsis occurred less frequently, its course was nevertheless equally dramatic. Pathophysiologically a septic thrombophlebitis of the ovarian vein was seen as the primary cause of the pyaemia. Yet, the ligature of the vessel did not alter the deadly course of the disease. Based on sections Trendlenburg realized that the internal iliacal vein plays a much greater role in protracted pyaemia. Thereupon he performed a ligature of this vessel. The long course of a complicated infection took a good turn with this operation. Trendlenburg's ligature and resection of the ovarian and internal iliacal vein were usually combined with hysterectomy. In the following decades this great operation of seriously ill women in childbed found agreement as well as rejection. Most interventions did not save the lives of the patients. Before antibiotic therapy was introduced, physicians were almost helpless against puerperal pyaemia. PMID:17479174

Hach, W

2007-05-01

15

Early sac shrinkage predicts a low risk of late complications after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair  

PubMed Central

Background Aneurysm shrinkage has been proposed as a marker of successful endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Patients with early postoperative shrinkage may experience fewer subsequent complications, and consequently require less intensive surveillance. Methods Patients undergoing EVAR from 2000 to 2011 at three vascular centres (in 2 countries), who had two imaging examinations (postoperative and after 6–18 months), were included. Maximum diameter, complications and secondary interventions during follow-up were registered. Patients were categorized according to early sac dynamics. The primary endpoint was freedom from late complications. Secondary endpoints were freedom from secondary intervention, postimplant rupture and direct (type I/III) endoleaks. Results Some 597 EVARs (71·1 per cent of all EVARs) were included. No shrinkage was observed in 284 patients (47·6 per cent), moderate shrinkage (5–9 mm) in 142 (23·8 per cent) and major shrinkage (at least 10 mm) in 171 patients (28·6 per cent). Four years after the index imaging, the rate of freedom from complications was 84·3 (95 per cent confidence interval 78·7 to 89·8), 88·1 (80·6 to 95·5) and 94·4 (90·1 to 98·7) per cent respectively. No shrinkage was an independent risk factor for late complications compared with major shrinkage (hazard ratio (HR) 3·11; P < 0·001). Moderate compared with major shrinkage (HR 2·10; P = 0·022), early postoperative complications (HR 3·34; P < 0·001) and increasing abdominal aortic aneurysm baseline diameter (HR 1·02; P = 0·001) were also risk factors for late complications. Freedom from secondary interventions and direct endoleaks was greater for patients with major sac shrinkage. Conclusion Early change in aneurysm sac diameter is a strong predictor of late complications after EVAR. Patients with major sac shrinkage have a very low risk of complications for up to 5 years. This parameter may be used to tailor postoperative surveillance. PMID:24752772

Bastos Gonçalves, F; Baderkhan, H; Verhagen, H J M; Wanhainen, A; Björck, M; Stolker, R J; Hoeks, S E; Mani, K

2014-01-01

16

Surgical Management of Infective Endocarditis Complicated by Embolic Stroke: Early versus Delayed Surgery  

PubMed Central

Background The optimal timing of surgery for infective endocarditis complicated by embolic stroke is unclear. We compared early versus delayed surgery in these patients. Materials and Methods Between 1992 and 2007, 56 consecutive patients underwent open cardiac surgery for the treatment of infective endocarditis complicated by acute septic embolic stroke, 34 within 2 weeks (early group) and 22 more than 2 weeks (delayed group) after the onset of stroke. Results The mean age at time of surgery was 45.7±14.8 years. Stroke was ischemic in 42 patients and hemorrhagic in 14. Patients in the early group were more likely to have highly mobile, large (>1 cm in diameter) vegetation and less likely to have hemorrhagic infarction than those in the delayed group. There were two (3.7%) intraoperative deaths, both in the early group and attributed to neurologic aggravation. Among the 54 survivors, 4 (7.1%), that is, 2 in each group, showed neurologic aggravation. During a median follow-up of 61.7 months (range, 0.4~170.4 months), there were 5 late deaths. Overall 5-year neurologic aggravation-free survival rates were 79.1±7.0% in the early group and 90.9±6.1% in the delayed group (p=0.113). Conclusion Outcomes of early operation for infective endocarditis in stroke patients were similar to those of the conventional approach. Early surgical intervention may be preferable for patients at high risk of life-threatening septic embolism. PMID:22263183

Kim, Gwan Sic; Kim, Joon Bum; Jung, Sung-Ho; Yun, Tae-Jin; Choo, Suk Jung; Chung, Cheol Hyun

2011-01-01

17

Reoperation for early postoperative complications after gastric cancer surgery in a Chinese hospital  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the occurrence of postoperative complications of gastric cancer surgery, and analyze the potential causes of reoperation for early postoperative complications. METHODS: A total of 1639 patients who underwent radical or palliative gastrectomies for gastric cancer were included in the study. The study endpoint was the analysis of postoperative complications in inpatients. RESULTS: About 31% of patients had early postoperative complications, and complications of infection occurred most frequently. Intra-abdominal hemorrhage and anastomotic leak were the main causes of reoperation, which accounted for about 2.2%. Mortality was 11.1% in the reoperation group, but was only 0.8% in other patients. The duration of postoperative stay in hospital was significantly longer and the total expenditure was markedly higher in the patients who underwent reoperation (P < 0.001). There was no significant association of any available factors in this study with the high rate of reoperation. CONCLUSION: Reoperation significantly increases the mortality rate and raises the burden of the surgical unit. More prospective studies are required to explore the potential risk factors. PMID:20039455

Sah, Birendra Kumar; Chen, Ming-Min; Yan, Min; Zhu, Zheng-Gang

2010-01-01

18

Prospective analysis of indications and early complications of emergency temporary loop ileostomies for perforation peritonitis  

PubMed Central

Background To determine the indications, nature, and rate of early complications of temporary loop ileostomy created in emergency for benign diseases, their management, and to find out the associated risk factors. Methods A total of 630 patients undergoing temporary loop ileostomy for benign diseases were studied prospectively over a period of 6 years. Stoma-related early complications occurring within 6-8 weeks were analyzed. Only emergency cases were included in this study. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data and statistical significance was evaluated by applying the Pearson’s chi-square test. Results Typhoid perforation (n=402) was the most commonpathology, followed by tuberculosis (n=106); trauma (n=81); and intestinal obstruction with gangrenous bowel (n=41). 299 patients had no stoma-related complications. Skin excoriation was the most commonstoma-related complication. Age more than 50 years; shock at presentation; delay in presentation; delay in surgery; presence of comorbidities; and surgery done out of working hours, were associated with increased complications. Conclusion Temporary loop ileostomy for perforation peritonitis due to benign systemic diseases like typhoid fever and tuberculosis confers a very high morbidity. PMID:25609137

Chaudhary, Poras; Nabi, Ishaq; Ranjan, Gyan; Tiwari, Alok Kumar; Kumar, Sanjay; Kapur, Arun; Arora, Mohinder P.

2015-01-01

19

World J Surg . Author manuscript C-reactive protein is an early predictor of septic complications after  

E-print Network

complications after elective colorectal surgery Pablo Ortega-Deballon 1 * , Fran ois Radaisç 1 , Olivier Facy 1 patients undergoing colorectal surgery are discharged early. An early predictor of septic complications. All patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were included. Clinical (temperature, pulse

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

20

Medicine in stamps-Ignaz Semmelweis and Puerperal Fever.  

PubMed

Puerperal fever was common in mid-19(th)-century hospitals and often fatal, with mortality at 10%-35%. Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis was a Hungarian gynecologist who is known as a pioneer of antiseptic procedures. Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of puerperal fever could be drastically cut by the use of hand disinfection in obstetrical clinics. He is also described as the "savior of mothers" and "father of infection control". This paper provides an overview on the process of preventing puerperal fever and the life story of the physician behind this attempt, Ignaz Semmelweis, through philately. PMID:24592068

Ataman, Ahmet Do?an; Vatano?lu-Lutz, Emine Elif; Y?ld?r?m, Gazi

2013-01-01

21

Medicine in stamps-Ignaz Semmelweis and Puerperal Fever  

PubMed Central

Puerperal fever was common in mid-19th-century hospitals and often fatal, with mortality at 10%–35%. Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis was a Hungarian gynecologist who is known as a pioneer of antiseptic procedures. Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of puerperal fever could be drastically cut by the use of hand disinfection in obstetrical clinics. He is also described as the “savior of mothers” and “father of infection control”. This paper provides an overview on the process of preventing puerperal fever and the life story of the physician behind this attempt, Ignaz Semmelweis, through philately. PMID:24592068

Ataman, Ahmet Do?an; Vatano?lu-Lutz, Emine Elif; Y?ld?r?m, Gazi

2013-01-01

22

The importance of early diagnosis and treatment of kaposiform hemangioendothelioma complicated by Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon  

PubMed Central

Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a locally aggressive vascular tumor that may be complicated by Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP), a profound thrombocytopenia resulting from platelet trapping within a vascular tumor, either KHE or tufted angioma (TA). Typical features also include low fibrinogen and elevated D-dimers. It is well known that KMP is not caused by infantile hemangiomas. Management of vascular tumors complicated by KMP is challenging, and it is common for referral centers to receive patients in critical medical condition after multimodality treatment failure of vascular anomalies. Our aim is to communicate the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of KHE associated with KMP. A full-term male newborn with KHE complicated by KMP is reported. Treatment with vincristine, aspirin and ticlopidine normalized the coagulation parameters within one week, requiring a total of six doses of vincristine, seven months of ticlopidine and 17 months of aspirin. Early diagnosis and treatment of KHE complicated by KMP may allow the administration of fewer doses of vincristine and avoid the use of corticosteroids.

Vivas-Colmenares, Grecia V.; Ramirez-Villar, Gema L.; Bernabeu-Wittel, Jose; Matute de Cardenas, Jose A.; Fernandez-Pineda, Israel

2015-01-01

23

Prognostic significance of early vaso-occlusive complications in children with sickle cell anemia.  

PubMed

Sickle cell anemia (SS) is highly phenotypically variable, and early predictors of outcome could guide clinical care. To determine whether early vaso-occlusive complications predicted subsequent adverse outcomes in the Dallas Newborn Cohort, we studied all members with SS or sickle-beta0-thalassemia who presented in their first year of life and had 5 years or more of follow-up. We defined 3 potential early predictors: hospitalizations in the first 3 years of life for (1) painful events other than dactylitis, (2) dactylitis, and (3) acute chest syndrome (ACS). We studied the associations of these predictors with the following late adverse outcomes (occurring after the third birthday): death, first overt stroke, use of disease-modifying therapy, and hospitalizations for pain events and ACS. None of the early events predicted death or stroke. Early pain and ACS both predicted a modest, temporary increase in the number of later painful episodes, but early ACS strongly increased the odds of more frequent ACS throughout childhood. Dactylitis had limited utility as a predictor. Although we still lack a useful prognostic framework for young children with SS, those who experience early ACS might be candidates for higher risk interventions to mitigate or cure their disease. PMID:16940426

Quinn, Charles T; Shull, Elizabeth P; Ahmad, Naveed; Lee, Nancy J; Rogers, Zora R; Buchanan, George R

2007-01-01

24

Early Surgical Complications After Primary Cleft Lip Repair: A Report of 3108 Consecutive Cases.  

PubMed

Objective :? To analyze short term surgical complications after primary cleft lip repair. Patients and Design :? A total of 3108 consecutive lip repairs with 2062 follow-ups were reviewed retrospectively through medical records. Patients were aged 3 months to 75 years at the time of surgery, with a median of 7 years. Setting :? Guwahati Comprehensive Cleft Care Center, Assam, India. Intervention :? Primary cleft lip repair. Main Outcome :? Documented complications in terms of dehiscence, necrosis, infection, and suture granuloma were compiled. Logistic regression was used with dehiscence (yes/no) or infection (yes/no) as binary dependant variables. Age, cleft type, and surgeon (visiting/long term) were used as covariates. Results :? Among the 2062 patients who returned for early follow-up, 90 (4.4%) had one or more complications. Dehiscence (3.2%) and infection (1.1%) were the most common types of complication. Visiting surgeon, complete cleft, and bilateral cleft were significantly associated with wound dehiscence, and complete cleft was associated with wound infection according to the logistic regression analysis. Of patients with bilateral complete clefts, 6.9% suffered from some degree of wound dehiscence. Conclusion :? In a setting where presurgical molding is unavailable and patients present at all ages, lip wound dehiscence is a relatively common complication in patients with bilateral complete clefts. The risk of dehiscence, however, is reduced when these cases are assigned to surgeons with experience with these types of clefts. We also found that the incidence of wound infection can be kept relatively low, even without the use of postoperative antibiotics. PMID:25286156

Schönmeyr, Björn; Wendby, Lisa; Campbell, Alex

2014-10-01

25

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy in children: early and late complications and their avoidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered by many authors the initial surgical procedure of choice for the treatment\\u000a of non-communicant hydrocephalus. However, this procedure has early and late complications that neurosurgeons must be aware\\u000a of when performing it.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and results  A retrospective study of infants and children treated with ETV at Children’s Memorial Hospital (Chicago, IL) between 1993\\u000a and 2004

Ramon Navarro; Raul Gil-Parra; Aaron J. Reitman; Greg Olavarria; John A. Grant; Tadanori Tomita

2006-01-01

26

Weight loss and early and late complications--the international experience.  

PubMed

Following its introduction in 1993, the LAP-BAND (INAMED Health, Santa Barbara, CA) has been used extensively across the world for the treatment of obesity, and data on safety and effectiveness are now available. This review draws on the literature and our own clinical patient base to provide an overview of the early and late problems associated with LAP-BAND placement and its effects on weight loss. It has proved to be a remarkably safe procedure. A report analyzing international data on laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands identified 3 deaths in 5,827 patients (approximately 1 in 2,000). In our series of 1,120 patients, there have been no deaths and no life-threatening perioperative complications. Significant early complications occurred in 17 (1.5%) of our patients; late problems have been more common, particularly during our early experience. Prolapse of the stomach through the band occurred in 125 (25%) of our first 500 patients but has occurred in only 28 (4.7%) of our last 600 patients. Erosion of the band into the stomach occurred in 34 patients (3%); all occurred in the first 500 patients. No erosions have occurred in the last 600 patients. Both problems are treated laparoscopically by removal and replacement. Combined international data show that weight loss after LAP-BAND placement is characterized by steady progressive weight loss over a 2- to 3-year period, followed by stable weight out to 6 years. This pattern reflects the benefit of adjustability. For the international series, the percent excess weight loss (%EWL) at 2 years has been between 52% and 65%. In our series, %EWL at 5 years and 6 years was 54% and 57%, respectively. The LAP-BAND is proving to be extremely safe, able to facilitate good weight loss, and able to maintain weight loss over time. PMID:12527350

O'Brien, Paul E; Dixon, John B

2002-12-01

27

Obesity and early complications following reduction mammaplasty: an analysis of 4545 patients from the 2005-2011 NSQIP datasets.  

PubMed

Reduction mammoplasty is a proven treatment for symptomatic macromastia, but the association between obesity and early postoperative complications is unclear. The purpose of this study was to perform a population level analysis in an effort to determine the impact of obesity on early complications after reduction mammaplasty. This study examined the 2005-2011 NSQIP datasets and identified all patients who underwent reduction mammoplasty. Patients were then categorised according to the World Health Organisation obesity classification. Demographics, comorbidities, and perioperative risk factors were identified among the NSQIP variables. Data was then analysed for surgical complications, wound complications, and medical complications within 30 days of surgery. In total, 4545 patients were identified; 54.4% of patients were obese (BMI > 30 kg/m(2)), of which 1308 (28.8%) were Class I (BMI = 30-34.9 kg/m(2)), 686 (15.1%) were Class II (BMI = 35-39.9 kg/m(2)), and 439 (9.7%) were Class III (BMI > 40 kg/m(2)). The presence of comorbid conditions increased across obesity classifications (p < 0.001), with significant differences noted in all cohort comparisons except when comparing class I to class II (p = 0.12). Early complications were rare (6.1%), with superficial skin and soft tissue infections accounting for 45.8% of complications. Examining any complication, a significant increase was noted with increasing obesity class (p < 0.001). This was further isolated when comparing morbidly obese patients to non-obese (p < 0.001), class I (p < 0.001), and class II (p = 0.01) patients. This population-wide analysis - the largest and most heterogeneous study to date - has demonstrated that increasing obesity class is associated with increased early postoperative complications. Morbidly obese patients are at the highest risk, with complications occurring in nearly 12% of this cohort. PMID:24506446

Nelson, Jonas A; Fischer, John P; Chung, Cyndi U; West, Ari; Tuggle, Charles T; Serletti, Joseph M; Kovach, Stephen J

2014-10-01

28

Early and late complications related to central venous catheters in hematological malignancies: a retrospective analysis of 1102 patients.  

PubMed

Several severe complications may be associated with the use of central venous catheters (CVC). We retrospectively evaluated on a large cohort of patients the incidence of CVC-related early and late complications. From 7/99 to 12/2005, 1102 CVC have been implanted at our Institution in 881 patients with hematological malignancies (142,202 total day number of implanted CVC). Early mechanic complications were 79 (7.2% - 0.55/1,000 days/CVC). Thirty-nine episodes of early infective complications (<1 week from CVC implant) occurred (3.5% - 0.3/1000 days/CVC): furthermore, 187 episodes of CVC-related sepsis (17% - 1.3/1000 days/CVC) were recorded. There were 29 episodes (2.6%) of symptomatic CVC-related thrombotic complications, with a median interval from CVC implant of 60 days (range 7 - 395). The rate of CVC withdrawal due to CVC-related complications was 26%. The incidence of CVC-related complications in our series is in the range reported in the literature notwithstanding cytopenia often coexisting in hematological patients. PMID:24678388

Morano, Salvatore Giacomo; Coppola, Lorenzo; Latagliata, Roberto; Berneschi, Paola; Chistolini, Antonio; Micozzi, Alessandra; Girmenia, Corrado; Breccia, Massimo; Brunetti, Gregorio; Massaro, Fulvio; Rosa, Giovanni; Guerrisi, Pietro; Mandelli, Franco; Foà, Roberto; Alimena, Giuliana

2014-01-01

29

Early and Late Complications Related to Central Venous Catheters in Hematological Malignancies: a Retrospective Analysis of 1102 Patients  

PubMed Central

Several severe complications may be associated with the use of central venous catheters (CVC). We retrospectively evaluated on a large cohort of patients the incidence of CVC-related early and late complications. From 7/99 to 12/2005, 1102 CVC have been implanted at our Institution in 881 patients with hematological malignancies (142,202 total day number of implanted CVC). Early mechanic complications were 79 (7.2% - 0.55/1,000 days/CVC). Thirty-nine episodes of early infective complications (<1 week from CVC implant) occurred (3.5% - 0.3/1000 days/CVC): furthermore, 187 episodes of CVC-related sepsis (17% - 1.3/1000 days/CVC) were recorded. There were 29 episodes (2.6%) of symptomatic CVC-related thrombotic complications, with a median interval from CVC implant of 60 days (range 7 – 395). The rate of CVC withdrawal due to CVC-related complications was 26%. The incidence of CVC-related complications in our series is in the range reported in the literature notwithstanding cytopenia often coexisting in hematological patients. PMID:24678388

Morano, Salvatore Giacomo; Coppola, Lorenzo; Latagliata, Roberto; Berneschi, Paola; Chistolini, Antonio; Micozzi, Alessandra; Girmenia, Corrado; Breccia, Massimo; Brunetti, Gregorio; Massaro, Fulvio; Rosa, Giovanni; Guerrisi, Pietro; Mandelli, Franco; Foà, Roberto; Alimena, Giuliana

2014-01-01

30

Puerperal septic pelvic thrombophlebitis: Incidence and response to heparin therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Before the availability of modern imaging studies the diagnosis of septic pelvic thrombophlebitis causing prolonged puerperal fever was difficult to confirm without surgical exploration. With the use of computed tomography infection-related pelvic phlebitis can now be confirmed, and this study was designed to determine its incidence after delivery. We also designed a randomized clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy

Charles E. Brown; R. William Stettler; Diane Twickler; F. Gary Cunningham

1999-01-01

31

Subthalamic nucleus-deep brain stimulation for early motor complications in Parkinson's disease-the EARLYSTIM trial: early is not always better.  

PubMed

Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) has revolutionized the management of disabling motor complications in Parkinson's disease. The EARLYSTIM trial applied this treatment to patients who had been experiencing motor complications for less than three years. STN-DBS significantly improved all primary and secondary outcome measures while best medical therapy failed to provide any improvement at the two-year follow-up time point. On face value these results strongly favor the application of STN-DBS far earlier than is currently applied, when patients are just beginning to experience problems with motor complications. Here we review the application of early DBS and the EARLYSTIM trial from the perspectives of clinical issues, health economics and study design and patient expectation of benefit. We conclude that the most relevant issue is not when to operate but on whom and that early is not always better. © 2014 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society. PMID:25227325

Mestre, Tiago A; Espay, Alberto J; Marras, Connie; Eckman, Mark H; Pollak, Pierre; Lang, Anthony E

2014-12-01

32

Puerperal Fever in Britain: Failed Models of Disease Causation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain, a bacterial infection which we now\\u000aknow to be caused primarily by a streptococcus, was killing women in childbirth at an\\u000aalarming rate. The disease, called puerperal, or childbed, fever, was being transmitted\\u000aprimarily from doctor to patient by a doctor’s unwashed hands and filthy, contaminated\\u000aclothing and linens. Despite this evident and, in retrospect,

Jessica Wells

2010-01-01

33

The Association of Birth Complications and Externalizing Behavior in Early Adolescents: Direct and Mediating Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior studies have shown that birth complications interact with psychosocial risk factors in predisposing to increased externalizing behavior in childhood and criminal behavior in adulthood. However, little is known about the direct relationship between birth complications and externalizing behavior. Furthermore, the mechanism by which the birth…

Liu, Jianghong; Raine, Adrian; Wuerker, Anne; Venables, Peter H.; Mednick, Sarnoff

2009-01-01

34

Group A streptococcal puerperal sepsis: initial characterization of virulence factors in association with clinical parameters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Group A ?-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS) is an uncommon but potentially fatal source of postpartum infection. Pathogenesis in invasive GAS infections has been linked to bacterial virulence factors. In this study, we sought to provide an initial description of potential virulence factors in association with puerperal morbidity by virtue of specific M-protein type antigens. Women with confirmed GAS puerperal infection in

Janice L. B. Byrne; Kjersti M. Aagaard-Tillery; Jason L. Johnson; Larry J. Wright; Robert M. Silver

2009-01-01

35

Serum magnesium: an early predictor of course and complications of diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate relationship between serum magnesium and course of diabetes mellitus and also to find out, if there is any relation between serum magnesium and various complications of diabetes mellitus. A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the relationship between serum magnesium in 50 type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients with or without complications and 40 normal healthy persons. Serum magneisum estimation was done using calmagite dye method using autoanalyser (Beckman DU clin systems). Serum magnesium levels in diabetic population was significantly low (1.93 +/- 0.282 meq/l) in comparison to control (2.25 +/- 0.429 meq/l). It was statistically significant (+3.84; p < 0.005). Serum magnesium was significantly low in diabetes with complication than without complications (p < 0.001). Duration of diabetes and serum magnesium were inversely related. Poor glycaemic control was associated with hypomagnesaemia (-2.623; p < 0.05). There was strong association between hypomagnesaemia and retinopathy (1.76 +/- 0.26), obesity (1.878 +/- 0.326) and hypertension (1.75 +/- 0.071) and it was statistically significantly (p < 0.005, 0.042, 0.000 respectively). Hence it is concluded that the change in serum magnesium level may have a bearing on the complication and morbidity in patients of diabetes mellitus. PMID:17802971

Sharma, Aradhana; Dabla, Surekha; Agrawal, R P; Barjatya, H; Kochar, D K; Kothari, R P

2007-01-01

36

Common complications of deep lamellar keratoplasty in the early phase of the learning curve  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To evaluate and record the common complications that face surgeons when they perform their first few series of deep lamellar keratoplasty and measures to avoid these. Setting: Dar El Oyoun Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. Methods: Retrospective study of the first 40 eyes of 40 patients carried out by two corneal surgeons working in the same center. All patients were planned to undergo a deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty using the big bubble technique. Twelve patients suffered from keratoconus while 28 patients had anterior corneal pathologies. Recorded complications were classified as either intraoperative or postoperative. Results: Perforation of Descemet’s membrane was the most common intraoperative complication. It occurred in nine eyes (22.5%): five eyes (12.5%) had microperforations while four eyes (10%) had macroperforations, three eyes (7.5%) had central perforations, and six eyes (15%) had peripheral perforations. Other complications included incomplete separation of Descemet’s membrane and remnants of peripheral stromal tissue. Postoperative complications included double anterior chamber which occurred in four eyes (10%) and Descemet’s membrane corrugations. Postoperative astigmatism ranged from 1.25 to 4.5 diopters with a mean of 2.86 diopters in the whole series, but in the six cases with identified residual stroma in the periphery of the host bed, the astigmatism ranged from 2.75 to 4.5 diopters with a mean of 3.62 diopters. Conclusion: Deep lamellar keratoplasty is sensitive to procedural details. Learning the common complications and how to avoid them helps novice surgeons to learn the procedure faster. PMID:21750612

Hosny, Mohamed

2011-01-01

37

Preoperative Factors and Early Complications Associated With Hemiarthroplasty and Total Hip Arthroplasty for Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures  

PubMed Central

Displaced femoral neck fractures are common injuries in the elderly individuals. There is controversy about the best treatment with regard to total hip arthroplasty (THA) versus hemiarthroplasty. This study uses the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database to evaluate the preoperative risk factors associated with the decision to perform THA over hemiarthroplasty. We also evaluate the risk factors associated with postoperative complications after each procedure. Patients older than 50 years undergoing hemiarthroplasty or THA after fracture in the NSQIP database from 2007 to 2010 were compared to each other in terms of preoperative medical conditions, postoperative complications, and length of stay. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to adjust for preoperative risk factors for undergoing a THA versus a hemiarthroplasty and for complications after each procedure. In all, 783 patients underwent hemiarthroplasty and 419 underwent THA for fracture. Hemiarthroplasty patients had longer hospital stays. On multivariate logistic regression, the only significant predictor for having a THA after fracture over hemiarthroplasty was being aged 50 to 64 years. The patient characteristics/comorbidities that favored having a hemiarthroplasty were age >80 years, hemiplegia, being underweight, having a dependent functional status, being on dialysis, and having an early surgery. High body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, gender, and other comorbidities were not predictors of having one procedure over another. Disseminated cancer and diabetes were predictive of complications after THA while being overweight, obese I, or a smoker were protective. High ASA class and do-not-resuscitate status were significant predictors of complications after a hemiarthroplasty. This study identified clinical factors influencing surgeons toward performing either THA or hemiarthroplasty for elderly patients after femoral neck fractures. Younger, healthier patients were more likely to receive THA. Patients particularly at higher risks of complications after hemiarthroplasty should be monitored closely. PMID:25360335

Buerba, Rafael A.; Leslie, Michael P.

2014-01-01

38

Early and late complications after liver transplantation for propionic acidemia in children: a two centers study.  

PubMed

Propionic acidemia (PA) is a severe metabolic disorder with cardiac and neurologic complications and a poor quality of life. Liver transplantation (LT) was thus proposed in PA to increase enzyme activity. We studied retrospectively LT in PA in two European centers. Twelve patients underwent 17 LTs between 1991 and 2013. They developed severe, unusual and unexpected complications, with high mortality (58%). When present, the cardiomyopathy resolved and no acute metabolic decompensation occurred allowing dietary relaxation. Renal failure was present in half of the patients before LT and worsened in all of them. We suggest that cardiac and renal functions should be assessed before LT and monitored closely afterward. A renal sparing immunosuppression should be used. We speculate that some complications may be related to accumulated toxicity of the disease and that earlier LT could prevent some of these consequences. As kidney transplantation has been performed successfully in methylmalonic acidemia, a metabolic disease in the same biochemical pathway, the choice of the organ to transplant could be further discussed. PMID:25683683

Charbit-Henrion, F; Lacaille, F; McKiernan, P; Girard, M; de Lonlay, P; Valayannopoulos, V; Ottolenghi, C; Chakrapani, A; Preece, M; Sharif, K; Chardot, C; Hubert, P; Dupic, L

2015-03-01

39

Translational research efforts in biomarkers and biology of early transplant-related complications.  

PubMed

In the time since the first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was performed over 40 years ago, this life-saving procedure has been used increasingly for patients with hematologic, metabolic, and malignant diseases. Despite major advances in our understanding of the immunologic processes (both beneficial and injurious) that are associated with HSCT and improvements in supportive and critical care medicine, successful outcomes are still limited by several serious complications. As such, the establishment of effective therapeutic strategies for these complications will be crucial as increasing numbers of high-risk transplants are performed each year. The development of such approaches is fundamentally dependent upon a basic understanding of pathophysiologic mechanisms of disease and also on our ability to successfully translate these insights back to the bedside. This brief review will highlight breakthroughs in translational research endeavors that have paved the way for the development of novel strategies intended to change the standard of care and optimize outcomes for patients in whom allogeneic HSCT offers the only hope for a cure. PMID:21195297

Paczesny, Sophie; Diaz-Ricart, Maribel; Carreras, Enric; Carerras, Enrique; Cooke, Kenneth R

2011-01-01

40

Treatment of Acute Puerperal Mastitis and Breast Abscess  

PubMed Central

Mastitis is a benign infection of the breast if it is treated early. If two days elapse before treatment is started, it can lead to serious complications such as chronic or recurrent mastitis or breast abscess. Treatment consists in frequent nursing and massaging or stripping the breast to keep it empty of milk or pus, and appropriate antibiotics. Incision and drainage of a breast abscess can be done in the office under local anesthesia, and the drainage continued at home by the mother. PMID:21253250

Cantlie, Helene Bertrand

1988-01-01

41

Early complications and long-term survival in severely obese coronary bypass patients.  

PubMed

Our objective was to describe the short-term morbidity of coronary artery bypass operations and the effect of surgery plus aggressive cardiac rehabilitation on the long-term prognosis of severely obese patients with coronary artery disease. We investigated an inception cohort of 28 consecutive severely obese patients with three-vessel coronary disease followed on average for 51 months. The patients' age, preoperative and postoperative weight, risk factors, and cholesterol were measured. We performed coronary artery bypass surgery, then began aggressive cardiac rehabilitation programs. We recorded intraoperative data, perioperative deaths, complications, readmissions, and lengths of stay. Also, New York Heart classifications and use of anti-anginal or cholesterol-lowering medications were noted. All patients were followed up. Despite high morbidity, long-term function and survival of severely obese CABG patients compares favorably with that of average patients. However, aggressive behavior modification fails to alter their postoperative weight or risk profile, placing them at risk for both second CABG procedures and continued obesity-related disease occurrences. PMID:7486423

Rohs, T; Polanski, P; Just, S C; Gordon, W; Just-Viera, J O

1995-11-01

42

Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809–1894) and his essay on puerperal fever  

PubMed Central

Doctor, teacher of anatomy, conversationalist, essayist, and poet, in 1843 Holmes combined his medical and literary skills in a masterly dissertation on the epidemiology and prevention of puerperal fever. PMID:17585102

Dunn, P M

2007-01-01

43

Uterine prolapse in pregnancy: risk factors, complications and management.  

PubMed

Presentation of uterine prolapse is a rare event in a pregnant woman, which can be pre-existent or else manifest in the course of pregnancy. Complications resulting from prolapse of the uterus in pregnancy vary from minor cervical infection to spontaneous abortion, and include preterm labor and maternal and fetal mortality as well as acute urinary retention and urinary tract infection. Moreover, affected women may be at particular risk of dystocia during labor that could necessitate emergency intervention for delivery. Recommendations regarding the management of this infrequent but potentially harmful condition are scarce and outdated. This review will examine the causative factors of uterine prolapse and the antepartum, intrapartum and puerperal complications that may arise from this condition as well as therapeutic options available to the obstetrician. While early recognition and appropriate prenatal management of uterine prolapse during pregnancy is imperative, implementation of conservative treatment modalities throughout pregnancy, these applied in accordance with the severity of the uterus prolapse and the patient's preference, may be sufficient to achieve uneventful pregnancy and normal, spontaneous delivery. PMID:23692627

Tsikouras, Panagiotis; Dafopoulos, Alexandros; Vrachnis, Nikolaos; Iliodromiti, Zoe; Bouchlariotou, Sofia; Pinidis, Petros; Tsagias, Nikolaos; Liberis, Vasileios; Galazios, Georgios; Von Tempelhoff, Georg Friedrich

2014-02-01

44

Custom-made titanium cranioplasty: early and late complications of 151 cranioplasties and review of the literature.  

PubMed

A diverse range of techniques is available for reconstruction of full-thickness calvarial defects and the optimum substrate for cranioplasty remains unproven. During a 9-year period, 149 patients underwent insertion of 151 custom-made titanium cranioplasties using the same technique. Data relating to patient demographics, indication for cranioplasty, and site and size of the defect were collected from the clinical records. Patients were followed up in all cases for a mean of 1 year 2 months (range 7 days to 8 years 8 months). Early complications requiring intervention were experienced in 7% and included seroma, haematoma, and continued bleeding necessitating implant removal in one patient. One death occurred at 3 days post-operation due to haemorrhagic stroke. Late self-limiting complications such as seroma were experienced in 19% of patients, however complete failure requiring implant removal was seen in only 4% of cases. Infection was the cause of failure in all cases. A comprehensive literature review was carried out and data abstracted to compare reported failure rates in other techniques of full-thickness cranial reconstruction. This review shows that custom-made patient-specific titanium cranioplasties compare very favourably to the other published techniques and remain a tried and tested option for reconstruction of all sizes of full-thickness calvarial defect. PMID:25482456

Williams, L R; Fan, K F; Bentley, R P

2014-12-01

45

[Effectiveness and disposition of the newly developed cephalosporin cefquinome in puerperal septicemia and toxemia in gilts].  

PubMed

Epizootiological, clinical, bacteriological and haematological studies were carried out to assess the effectiveness of the recently developed cephalosporin preparation Cefquinome in the treatment of the puerperal septicaemia and toxaemia syndrome. Cefquinome was administered at three different doses (1, 2 and 4 mg/kg BW) to 188 sows with feverish puerperal illness. Amoxicillin (7 mg/kg BW) was used as a control drug. In 41% of cases endometritis was a monoinfection whereas in 70% of mammary infections mixed infections were diagnosed. Results showed that for therapy of puerperal septicaemia and toxaemia Cefquinome at doses of 2 mg/kg BW and 4 mg/kg BW is clearly more effective than the control drug Amoxicillin and Cefquinome at its lowest dose of 1 mg/kg BW. PMID:10326238

Heinritzi, K; Hagn, J

1999-04-01

46

Alexander Gordon, puerperal sepsis, and modern theories of infection control--Semmelweis in perspective.  

PubMed

Ignaz Semmelweis, a Hungarian doctor who practised in 19th century Vienna, is widely believed to be the father of modern infection control. He earned this accolade when he showed that puerperal sepsis was contagious and that it could be prevented with adequate hand hygiene. In fact, such ideas had circulated in the medical world for at least a century before Semmelweis' work. Moreover, it is well documented that Alexander Gordon, an obstetrician working in Aberdeen, UK, was the first to prove the contagious nature of puerperal sepsis. He also advocated the need for good hygiene for its prevention in a thesis published in 1795. This work described an epidemic of puerperal sepsis that began in Aberdeen in 1789. Gordon's thesis was reprinted three times in Edinburgh, Philadelphia, and London over the next 55 years, suggesting that Semmelweis (1847) could well have known of his work. Like Semmelweis, Gordon was persecuted for his findings. PMID:20334850

Gould, Ian M

2010-04-01

47

Comparison of two monitoring and treatment strategies for cows with acute puerperal metritis.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to compare two strategies for screening and subsequent treatment of acute puerperal metritis (APM) in dairy cows. Therefore, we conducted a study on 79 cows with APM (cows with an enlarged uterus with fetid watery red-brown vaginal discharge and fever >39.5 °C) and 114 healthy control cows. Cows with APM were divided into two groups (treated, N = 67 cows; not treated, N = 12 cows). The treated animals were further subdivided into two groups (treated between Day 1 and 4 post partum, N =12 and treated between Day 5 and 10, N = 55). Serum haptoglobin concentrations, milk yield, cure rate, prevalence of endometritis, and cervical diameter on days in milk (DIM) 21 to 27 were compared between the groups. Cows were defined as cured when their rectal temperature was <39.5 °C 4 days after treatment and fever did not rebound over 39.4 °C until the end of the screening period which was DIM 10. The results of this study did not show any significant differences in cure rates, milk yield, or serum haptoglobin concentrations on DIM 2, 5, and 10 and subsequent uterine health (DIM 21-27). Considering this study as a proof of concept study, we conclude that there might not be a negative effect after a screening and treatment protocol beginning at DIM 5 and leaving early APM cows untreated. This hypothesis needs to be confirmed by a larger field study. Furthermore, antimicrobial therapy could be avoided in 12 of 55 cows (21.8%) in group 2 because of the protocol implementing treatments after DIM 5. These cows did not show signs of APM during the following 5 days. Therefore, these animals were considered as self-recovered leading to a cure rate of at least 21.8% (12 of 55 cows). PMID:23433687

Sannmann, I; Burfeind, O; Voigtsberger, R; Heuwieser, W

2013-04-01

48

A family history of serious complications due to BCG vaccination is a tool for the early diagnosis of severe primary immunodeficiency  

PubMed Central

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) is one of the most severe forms of primary immunodeficiency (PID). Complications of BCG vaccination, especially disseminated infection and its most severe forms, are known to occur in immunodeficient patients, particularly in SCID. A carefully taken family history before BCG injection as well as delaying vaccination if PID is suspected could be a simple and effective method to avoid inappropriate vaccination of an immunodeficient child in some cases until the prospect of newborn screening for SCID has been fully developed. We describe a patient with a very early diagnosis of SCID, which was suspected on the basis of the previous death of two siblings younger than one year due to severe complications secondary to the BCG vaccine. We suggest that a family history of severe or fatal reactions to BCG should be included as a warning sign for an early diagnosis of SCID. PMID:24016734

2013-01-01

49

Iatrogenic epidemics of puerperal fever in the 18th and 19th centuries.  

PubMed

The epidemics of puerperal fever in the 18th and 19th centuries began soon after the creation of Lying-in hospitals in the mid-18th century. The primary purpose of these hospitals was to provide physicians with training in obstetrics in general and in forceps deliveries in particular. The first reports describing epidemics of puerperal fever, its contagiousness and control were made by British physicians in the latter half of the 18th century. Alexander Gordon provided epidemiological evidence of contagion in 1792, and Oliver Wendell Holmes in the USA reviewed these reports in his paper on outbreaks of puerperal fever around Boston in 1843. Ignaz Semmelweis in Vienna, unaware of previous work on this disease, re-discovered the actions required to control the contagion in 1847, but published his paper much later in 1861. A few enlightened doctors struggled to prove that puerperal fever was contagious and could be spread by doctors and midwives. Their peers and colleagues predominantly displayed apathy and ignorance until forced to act by the weight of evidence. However, it was the multitude of parturient women who paid the ultimate price for these iatrogenic epidemics. PMID:8757690

Bridson, E Y

1996-06-01

50

Role of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in detecting early adverse remodeling and subacute ventricular wall rupture complicating myocardial infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ventricular free wall rupture is a catastrophic complication of acute myocardial infarction accounting for a significant proportion\\u000a of in-patient deaths. Various imaging modalities including two-dimensional and contrast echocardiography have been applied\\u000a for the early diagnosis of free wall rupture. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has recently gained favor as a tool providing\\u000a accurate diagnosis and visualization of the site of rupture

Unni Krishnan; Gerry P. McCann; Mark Hickey; Matthias Schmitt

2008-01-01

51

[Etiotropic treatment of patients with early uterine carcinoma as a basis for prevention of relapses and complications].  

PubMed

In this paper, consideration is given to the role that etiological and pathogenetic factors have in the development of malignant tumours. Prevention of possible recurrencies and complications in patients with incipient forms of hysterocarcinoma warrant etiotropic treatment which has been shown to be effective and essential for the object to succeed in. PMID:11519444

Iaremchuk, A Ia; Vakulenko, G A; Khadi, D

2001-01-01

52

Extended hiatoplasty: Early experience with a simple technique to increase the intraabdominal esophageal length in complicated gastroesophageal reflux  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of the Division of Pediatric Surgery of State University of Campinas Medical School with a simple technique of extended hiatoplasty to achieve intraabdominal placement of the distal esophagus in difficult situations. Methods: From April 1997 to November 1999, 7 patients who had either complicated or recurrent gastroesophageal reflux (GER)

Joaquim Bustorff-Silva; Ana Paula Paiva Moreira; Márcia Alessandra Cavalaro; Antônio Aldo Melo Filho

2001-01-01

53

[Health education in pregnancy and postpartum: meanings attributed by puerperal women].  

PubMed

Descriptive study, qualitative, that aimed to capture the content of social representations of puerperal women on health education in pregnancy and postpartum in primary health care. Users were 31 Family Health Centers in Fortaleza, Ceará, over 18 years in the postpartum period, with at least six visits to prenatal and one postpartum consultation. It was held a lexical analysis of data from semi-structured interviews with the software ALCESTE. The representations of puerperal women on health education are linked to institutional educational practices, with emphasis on lectures, family and school education, and community education. It predominate the traditional pedagogy, with the transmission of information, punctual and widespread. It is necessary to change the pedagogical logic, expanding educational groups with knowledge sharing. PMID:24676063

Guerreiro, Eryjosy Marculino; Rodrigues, Dafne Paiva; Queiroz, Ana Beatriz Azevedo; Ferreira, Márcia de Assunção

2014-01-01

54

Early and late complications of germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage in the preterm infant: what is new?  

PubMed

Germinal matrix-intraventricular haemorrhage (GMH-IVH) remains a serious problem in the very and extremely preterm infant. This article reviews current methods of diagnosis, treatment and neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants with low-grade and severe GMH-IVH. We conclude that there is still no consensus on timing of intervention and treatment of infants with GMH-IVH, whether or not complicated by post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation. The discrepancies between the studies underline the need for international collaboration to define the optimal strategy for these infants. PMID:25171657

Brouwer, Annemieke J; Groenendaal, Floris; Benders, Manon J N L; de Vries, Linda S

2014-01-01

55

[Rectus sheath haematoma as an early complication of laparoscopic hemicolectomy: a case report and review of the literature].  

PubMed

We report a case of rectus sheath haematoma (RSH) in a patient undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and anticoagulant prophylaxis of a pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) with low molecular weight heparin. This pathological condition is rare and could be a cause of misdiagnosis in patients with acute abdominal pain. It can be a serious complication in the course of anticoagulant therapy. A rapid, correct diagnosis may lead to better treatment which must be timely, aggressive and ultimately curative. Our patient, with acute onset and swift worsening of his general condition, benefited from an immediate surgical procedure, with ligature of the epigastric artery stumps and drainage of the haematoma. PMID:19845270

Procacciante, Fabio; Diamantini, Giulia; Paolelli, Daniele; Picozzi, Pietro

2009-01-01

56

Protein Z G79A Polymorphism and Puerperal Cerebral Venous Thrombosis.  

PubMed

Protein Z (PZ), a cofactor for PZ-dependent protease inhibitor, is known to play an important role in inhibiting the coagulation cascade. The aim of the study was to investigate whether PZ G79A polymorphism is a risk factor for puerperal cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). A total of 71 patients with puerperal CVT and 98 healthy controls were genotyped for PZ 79GA polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. In patients, the genotype distribution for GG, GA, and AA genotypes was 22.5%, 43.7%, and 33.8%, and in controls, 25.5%, 40.8%, and 33.7%, respectively. The risk associated with carrying the mutant genotype (GA and AA) versus the wild GG genotype was found to be 1.11 (95% confidence interval: 0.52-2.35; P = .909). There was no significant difference in the clinical features of the patients with and without the polymorphism. We therefore conclude that PZ G79A polymorphism is not a risk factor for puerperal CVT in Indian women. PMID:24907135

Yadav, Dharmendrasinh Dhansingh; De, Tanima; Nagaraja, Dindagur; Christopher, Rita

2014-06-01

57

Bacteriological and cytological findings during the late puerperal period after two different treatments of retained placenta followed by acute puerperal metritis.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to compare the effect of two acute puerperal metritis (APM) treatment protocols on uterine condition during the late puerperal period (5th to 7th week). Late gestation healthy cows (n = 21) were divided randomly in three equal groups. Parturitions were induced. Treatments of APM were started on the third day postpartum (PP). Group A was treated with an oxytocin analogue carbetocin for three days and intrauterine administration of cephapirin between days 15 and 17. Group B was given intramuscular injection of ceftiofur for five days followed by two injections of prostaglandin F2alpha, at an interval of 12 h, on the eighth day PP. Group C served as the control group with no treatment. Body temperature was recorded daily for 14 days PP. Uterine biopsies for bacteriology, and uterobrush samples for cytology, were taken once a week from the 5th to 7th week postpartum. No differences were found in body temperature on day 14 PP, presence of bacteriological infections and disappearance of uterine inflammatory signs diagnosed by cytological examination between experimental groups. PMID:20550666

Jeremejeva, Julia; Orro, Toomas; Valdmann, Merle; Kask, Kalle

2010-01-01

58

Not the Ceiling, but the Floor: Innovative Harlem Early Childhood Education Effort Complicated by Varying Government Regulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study was produced in conjunction with the Center for American Progress's accompanying report on these issues, "Increasing the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Existing Public Investments in Early Childhood Education." This report establishes a set of policies and administrative changes on the federal level that will begin to address…

Costa, Kristina

2012-01-01

59

A Complex Solution to a Complicated Problem? Early Messages from the National Evaluation of the Children's Fund Prevention Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is concerned with exploring the research and policy base that underpinned the development of the Children's Fund Prevention Programme. It discusses how the initiative developed, how it is being evaluated and how it is now contributing to the new policy agenda around prevention services. Early findings are discussed highlighting some of…

Mason, Paul; Morris, Kate; Smith, Penny

2005-01-01

60

Group A streptococcal puerperal sepsis preceded by positive surveillance cultures 1 1 We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Diane Davis, RN, BS, CIC, and Carole Eberle, MT, in investigating these cases; Piotr Kramarz, MD, PhD, for translating Polish-language literature; Bernard Beall, PhD, and Alma Franklin, for the isolate typing; and John A. Elliott, PhD, for subjecting the isolates to pulsed-field gel electrophoresis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND:Screening of pregnant women for vaginal and rectal carriage of group B streptococci may also identify group A streptococcal carriers. The clinical significance of prenatal group A streptococcal carriage is unknown.CASES:Two women developed group A streptococcal puerperal sepsis after delivery at one hospital 15 months apart. The first patient required hysterectomy and suffered complications including subcapsular hepatic hematoma, pleural effusion,

Karen R Stefonek; Linda L Maerz; Michael P Nielsen; Richard E Besser; Paul R Cieslak

2001-01-01

61

[Acute respiratory distress syndrome complicating an acute chest syndrome: potential benefit of early combination of exchange transfusion and prone positioning].  

PubMed

We report the case of an 8-year-old sickle cell anemia child admitted for acute respiratory failure complicating acute chest syndrome. Because of threatening respiratory failure, tracheal intubation was performed immediately after ICU admission. The patient met the criteria for ARDS with a PaO2/FiO2 ratio of 94mmHg. An exchange transfusion was performed immediately after admission. HbS fraction failed from 69 % to 30 %. Fluid resuscitation with crystalloids and continuous norepinephrine infusion was needed because of arterial hypotension. Due to persistent severe hypoxemia with PaO2/FiO2 ratio below 100, the patient was placed in prone positioning 16hours after admission, for a total duration of 14hours. A second 12-hour session of prone positioning was performed 41h after admission and PaO2/FiO2 ratio reached 300mmHg after. Treatment also included transfusion of two red-cell pack on day 1 and 2 after admission in order to maintain hemoglobin level above 8g/dL, and a daily folic acid supplementation. The control of hyperthermia was achieved by a systematic parenteral administration of paracetamol. Cefotaxime and erythromycine were continued until day 7 despite the negative results of all bacteriological samples. The outcome was favorable from day 3 and the patient met the criteria for extubation on day 5. A first attempt of extubation was performed on day 5, but re-intubation was required because of laryngeal edema. Steroids were given for 48h and the patient was successfully extubated on day 7. She was discharged from the ICU on day 8, and from the hospital on day 12. We discuss the various treatments available for the management of acute chest syndrome and their actual relevance in acute respiratory distress syndrome in the absence of strong evidence-based guidelines in pediatric ARDS. PMID:25458459

Dusacre, J-A; Pons, B; Piednoir, P; Soubirou, J-F; Thiery, G

2014-12-01

62

Early postoperative hyperglycaemia is not a risk factor for infectious complications and prolonged in-hospital stay in patients undergoing oesophagectomy: a retrospective analysis of a prospective trial  

PubMed Central

Introduction Treating hyperglycaemia in hospitalized patients has proven to be beneficial, particularly in those with obstructive vascular disease. In a cohort of patients undergoing resection for oesophageal carcinoma (a group of patients with severe surgical stress but a low prevalence of vascular disease), we investigated whether early postoperative hyperglycaemia is associated with increased incidence of infectious complications and prolonged in-hospital stay. Methods Postoperative glucose values up to 48 hours after surgery were retrieved for 151 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II who had been previously included in a randomized trial conducted in a tertiary referral hospital. Multivariate regression analysis was used to define the independent contribution of possible risk factors selected by univariate analysis. Results In univariate regression analysis, postoperative glucose levels were associated with increased length of in-hospital stay (P < 0.001) but not with infectious complications (P = 0.21). However, postoperative glucose concentration was not found to be an independent risk factor for prolonged in-hospital stay in multivariate analysis (P = 0.20). Conclusion Our data indicate that postoperative hyperglycaemia is more likely to be a risk marker than a risk factor in patients undergoing highly invasive surgery for oesophageal cancer. We hypothesize that patients with a low prevalence of vascular disease may benefit less from intensive insulin therapy. PMID:15566589

Vriesendorp, Titia M; DeVries, J Hans; Hulscher, Jan BF; Holleman, Frits; van Lanschot, Jan J; Hoekstra, Joost BL

2004-01-01

63

Comparison of Propofol and Ketamine versus Propofol and Fentanyl for Puerperal Sterilization, A Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Background: Puerperal sterilization requires a rapid recovery of the mother so that she can take care of her child. Propofol with fentanyl (PF) is an option, but is associated with intraoperative hypotension, respiratory depression and an unsatisfactory postoperative recovery profile. Propofol with ketamine (PK) appears to be an alternative in terms of haemodynamic stability and analgesia. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial involved 60 patients who were scheduled to undergo puerperal sterilization, who belonged to American society of anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 1. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either ketamine – propofol infusion in a concentration of 8mg/ml each (group PK) or fentanyl 2?g/kg intravenously, followed by an infusion of propofol in a concentration of 8mg/ml (group PF). In both the groups, the infusion was started at 300ml/hr till patient lost consciousness. Subsequently, the rate was set at 1.5ml/kg/hr for group PF and at 0.75ml/kg/hr for group PK. After the initial 10 minutes, the infusion rate was reduced to 1ml/kg/hr for group PF and to 0.5ml/kg/hr for group PK. Blood pressure and saturation were the primary outcomes which were measured. Results: Patients from group PF recorded a significant drop in the systolic blood pressure from the 5th minute, in diastolic pressure from the 10th minute and transient oxygen desaturation, as compared to group PK. Patients in group PK had adequate surgical conditions and better recovery profiles in terms of pain and sedation. Conclusion: The combination of ketamine and propofol is a safe and possibly superior alternative to propofol – fentanyl combination in patients who undergo puerperal sterilization, in terms of haemodynamic stability and respiratory depression. PMID:24995191

Cherian, Anusha; Balachander, Hemavathi; Kumar C, Yashavantha

2014-01-01

64

Plasma factor VIII in non-puerperal cerebral venous thrombosis: a prospective case-control study.  

PubMed

Elevated plasma factor VIII (FVIII) is increasingly recognized as an independent risk factor for thrombotic diseases. Our aim was to evaluate the association of increased plasma FVIII with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). Forty eight patients with non-puerperal, aseptic CVT were recruited for the study along with 50 age- and gender-matched, healthy controls. Blood samples were collected 3 months after the thrombotic event in patients. Plasma FVIII and fibrinogen levels were measured by a functional clot-based assay. Mean plasma FVIII was significantly higher in patients when compared to controls (235.40 ± 94.5 vs.121.2 ± 28.3IU/dl, p<0.001). Absence of significant elevation of fibrinogen suggested that the increase in FVIII was not due to an acute phase reaction. Elevated FVIII (>170 IU/dl) was associated with >18-fold increase in the risk for non-puerperal CVT (adjusted OR: 18.754, 95% CI 10.2-203.0, p<0.001). Non-O blood groups were more prevalent in CVT patients. Mean FVIII levels were higher in subjects with non-O blood group as compared to those with O blood group (155.16 ± 46.05 vs. 129.09 ± 40.06 IU/dl, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis with logistic regression showed that only elevated FVIII, and not blood group, was significantly associated with CVT. Our study demonstrates that elevated FVIII is an independent risk factor for non-puerperal CVT in an Indian population. PMID:24560376

Anadure, Ravi K; Nagaraja, Dindagur; Christopher, Rita

2014-04-15

65

Genomic and phenotypic characterization of Escherichia coli isolates recovered from the uterus of puerperal dairy cows.  

PubMed

The role of Escherichia coli in the pathogenesis of the puerperal uterine infection of the cow is largely unknown. It is proposed that E. coli favors the persistence of Arcanobacterium pyogenes and gram-negative bacteria that are pivotal to the establishment of the infection. Here, we report the genomic and phenotypic characteristics of 72 E. coli isolates recovered from the uterus of dairy cows with normal puerperium (n = 12; 35 isolates) or clinical metritis (n = 18; 37 isolates), in an attempt to identify characteristics that are related to the establishment of uterine infection. We evaluated DNA fingerprints generated by repetitive element sequence-based PCR, phylogenetic grouping, the presence of 15 virulence factor genes, in vitro biofilm formation and its relationship to curli fimbriae expression, and cellulose production. We found a wide genetic diversity (40 clonal types), including types common to normal puerperium and clinical metritis cows (n = 6), as well as types specific to normal puerperium (n = 14) or clinical metritis (n = 20) cows. Isolates were assigned to phylogenetic groups B1 (58%), A (31%), and D (11%). Only 4 virulence factor genes were detected (hlyE, hlyA, iuc, and eaeA). In vitro biofilm formation was significantly affected by culture medium and incubation temperature. Curli fimbriae expression and cellulose production, although related to biofilm formation, were not required for it. None of the evaluated E. coli characteristics were significantly related to the establishment of the uterine infection. In conclusion, data presented in this paper indicate that E. coli isolates recovered from the uterus of puerperal cows present a wide genetic diversity, do not belong to a known pathogenic group, and have a low potential of virulence and persistence. This corroborates the putative role of the bacterium in the pathogenesis of the puerperal uterine infection of the cow. PMID:19923603

Silva, E; Leitão, S; Tenreiro, T; Pomba, C; Nunes, T; Lopes da Costa, L; Mateus, L

2009-12-01

66

Non puerperal uterine inversion in a young female- a case report.  

PubMed

We report a case of 28-year-old, primipara who presented with complaints of mass descending per vaginum along with excessive bleeding and foul smelling vaginal discharge for the past six months. Clinical examination revealed an inverted uterus, cervix and vagina with a large submucosal fundal fibroid. A diagnosis of non-puerperal uterine inversion was made. Surgical management included vaginal myomectomy with repositioning of the uterus using an abdomino-vaginal approach and a successful outcome. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyoma. Hence, we conclude that uterus-sparing surgery should be considered in young females desirous for future pregnancy until the final pathology is known. PMID:25386493

Rathod, Setu; Samal, Sunil Kumar; Pallavee, P; Ghose, Seetesh

2014-09-01

67

An association and haplotype analysis of porcine maternal infanticide: a model for human puerperal psychosis?  

PubMed

An association analysis using the Illumina porcine SNP60 beadchip was performed to identify SNPs significantly associated with porcine maternal infanticide. We previously hypothesised that this was a good animal model for human puerperal psychosis, an extreme form of postnatal mood disorder. Animals were selected from carefully phenotyped unrelated infanticide and control groups (representing extremes of the phenotypic spectrum), from four different lines. Permutation and sliding window analyses and an analysis to see which haplotypes were in linkage disequilibrium (LD) were compared to identify concordant regions. Across all analyses, intervals on SSCs 1, 3, 4, 10, and 13 were constant, contained genes associated with psychiatric or neurological disorders and were significant in multiple lines. The strongest (near GWS) consistent candidate region across all analyses and all breeds was the one located on SSC3 with one peak at 23.4?Mb, syntenic to a candidate region for bipolar disorder and another at 31.9?Mb, syntenic to a candidate region for human puerperal psychosis (16p13). From the haplotype/LD analysis, two regions reached genome wide significance (GWS): the first on SSC4 (KHDRBS3 to FAM135B), which was significant (-logP 5.57) in one Duroc based breed and is syntenic to a region in humans associated with cognition and neurotism; the second on SSC15, which was significant (-log10P 5.68) in two breeds and contained PAX3, which is expressed in the brain. PMID:22976950

Quilter, C R; Sargent, C A; Bauer, J; Bagga, M R; Reiter, C P; Hutchinson, E L; Southwood, O I; Evans, G; Mileham, A; Griffin, D K; Affara, N A

2012-12-01

68

Significance of nitric oxide concentration in plasma and uterine secretes with puerperal endometritis in dairy cows.  

PubMed

Endometritis is an inflammation of the endometrial lining of the uterus without systemic signs, which is associated with chronic postpartum infection of the uterus with pathogenic bacteria. Nitric oxide (NO) is an inflammatory mediator that among other effects causes smooth muscle relaxation and mediated cytoimmunity and inflammation toxicity. To see if the nitric oxide concentration in plasma and uterine secrets is related with postpartum endometritis, NO concentrations in plasma and uterine secrets were measured in dairy cows with puerperal endometritis (clinical endometritis (n = 60) and subclinical endometritis (n = 58)). Cows with clinical or subclinical endometritis showed higher concentrations of NO in both plasma and uterine secrets when compared with normal cows and the highest concentrations of NO in plasma and uterine secrets were found in dairy cows with clinical endometritis. Expression level of NOS2 mRNA in endometrial biopsies from cows with puerperal endometritis was also higher and the highest expression of NOS2 mRNA was found in cows with clinical endometritis. The results showed that concentrations of NO in plasma and uterine fluid are related with the degree of endometritis which may be useful to diagnose the endometritis in dairy cows. PMID:20414720

Li, DeJun; Liu, YunFeng; Li, YanFei; Lv, Ying; Pei, XiaoYing; Guo, DingZong

2010-04-01

69

Complications of auricular correction  

PubMed Central

The risk of complications of auricular correction is underestimated. There is around a 5% risk of early complications (haematoma, infection, fistulae caused by stitches and granulomae, allergic reactions, pressure ulcers, feelings of pain and asymmetry in side comparison) and a 20% risk of late complications (recurrences, telehone ear, excessive edge formation, auricle fitting too closely, narrowing of the auditory canal, keloids and complete collapse of the ear). Deformities are evaluated less critically by patients than by the surgeons, providing they do not concern how the ear is positioned. The causes of complications and deformities are, in the vast majority of cases, incorrect diagnosis and wrong choice of operating procedure. The choice of operating procedure must be adapted to suit the individual ear morphology. Bandaging technique and inspections and, if necessary, early revision are of great importance for the occurence and progress of early complications, in addition to operation techniques. In cases of late complications such as keloids and auricles that are too closely fitting, unfixed full-thickness skin flaps have proved to be the most successful. Large deformities can often only be corrected to a limited degree of satisfaction. PMID:22073079

Staindl, Otto; Siedek, Vanessa

2008-01-01

70

Impact of Clean Delivery-kit use on Newborn Umbilical Cord and Maternal Puerperal Infections in Egypt  

PubMed Central

This cross-sectional cohort study explored the impact of the use of clean delivery-kit (CDK) on morbidity due to newborn umbilical cord and maternal puerperal infections. Kits were distributed from primary-care facilities, and birth attendants received training on kit-use. A nurse visited 334 women during the first week postpartum to administer a structured questionnaire and conduct a physical examination of the neonate and the mother. Results of bivariate analysis showed that neonates of mothers who used a CDK were less likely to develop cord infection (p=0.025), and mothers who used a CDK were less likely to develop puerperal sepsis (p=0.024). Results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed an independent association between decreased cord infection and kit-use [odds ratio (OR)=0.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.18–0.97, p=0.041)]. Mothers who used a CDK also had considerably lower rates of puerperal infection (OR=0.11, 95% CI 0.01–1.06), although the statistical strength of the association was of borderline significance (p=0.057). The use of CDK was associated with reductions in umbilical cord and puerperal infections. PMID:20099758

Hassan, Mohamed; Balsara, Zohra P.; Winch, Peter J.; Gipson, Reginald; Santosham, Mathuram

2009-01-01

71

Determination of ceftiofur derivatives in serum, endometrial tissue, and lochia in puerperal dairy cows with fever or acute puerperal metritis after subcutaneous administration of ceftiofur crystalline free acid.  

PubMed

Acute puerperal metritis (APM) is one of the most common diseases during the puerperal period. Systemic administration of ceftiofur for 5 consecutive days has been shown to be effective for treatment of APM. The objective of this study was to determine concentrations of ceftiofur derivatives in serum, endometrial tissue, and lochia of cows with fever postpartum or APM 4 to 6d after treatment with a single subcutaneous dose of 6.6 mg of ceftiofur crystalline free acid (CCFA)/kg of estimated BW at the base of the ear. In the first experiment, samples from CCFA-treated cows with fever postpartum or APM (n=42) were taken on d 4, 5, or 6 after treatment. Concentrations of ceftiofur derivatives were quantified using an HPLC assay. Concentrations of active ceftiofur metabolite desfuroylceftiofuracetamide (DCA) were greatest at d 4 after treatment with CCFA in all samples, but they were considerably lower than the concentrations of DCA in healthy postpartum cows treated with the same dose of CCFA. The concentrations of DCA in serum, endometrial tissue, and lochia were affected by odor of vaginal discharge before treatment with CCFA. Mean concentrations of DCA could be detected above the reported minimal drug concentrations (minimum inhibitory concentrations, MIC) required to inhibit relevant pathogens such as Escherichia coli and Arcanobacterium pyogenes in serum on all days and in endometrial tissue and lochia only on d 4 in CCFA-treated cows with fetid vaginal discharge before treatment. In the second experiment, samples from CCFA-treated cows with APM (n=8) were taken on d 0 (before treatment) and d 4, 5, and 6 after treatment. Mean concentrations of DCA in serum and lochia were similar on d 4 to 6 in both laboratories. Furthermore, determined concentrations of DCA from both laboratories were correlated for serum and lochia. Mean concentrations of DCA could be detected above the reported MIC in serum and lochia only on d 4. Our 2 experiments demonstrated that in postpartum cows with fever postpartum or APM concentrations above the MIC for relevant bacteria (>0.5 ?g/mL or >0.5 ?g/g) of DCA could be sustained only for 4 (serum: 15/17; endometrial tissue: 2/17; lochia: 1/16) to 5d (serum: 10/13; endometrial tissue: 1/13; lochia: 2/12) after a single treatment with CCFA only in a certain proportion of cows. Overall, our data provide first pharmacological evidence that a single subcutaneous administration of 6.6g of CCFA/kg of BW might not be sufficient to efficaciously treat APM in postpartum dairy cows. PMID:23261383

von Krueger, X; Scherpenisse, P; Roiger, S; Heuwieser, W

2013-02-01

72

Strategy for the treatment of puerperal metritis and improvement of reproductive efficiency in cows with retained placenta.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to improve the reproductive efficiency of dairy cows with puerperal metritis (PM) subsequent to retained placenta (RP) using a two-step treatment strategy. A total of 188 postpartum cows, aged from 2 to 8 years, were utilised for 2 experiments. In Experiment 1, cows affected with RP/PM were randomly assigned to two treatment groups. Cows in Group A (n = 17) were treated with 600 mg of ceftiofur intramuscularly for 3 days followed by intrauterine lavage with 0.1% chlorhexidine and infusion with 0.5% povidoneiodine, while cows in Group B (n = 16) received two intrauterine infusions, first with 5 g of oxytetracycline and then with 0.5% povidone-iodine. Cows with normal postpartum findings were regarded as the healthy control group (n = 26). Ultrasonographic examination revealed that the ovarian activities including the appearance of a dominant follicle and days to first ovulation of the cows in Group A during the early postpartum period differed from those of Group B (P < 0.05), which coincided with the results of uterine swabbing for bacteriology. In Experiment 2, cows with normal postpartum findings were allocated to Group D (n = 78), which received an ovulation protocol (GnRH - 7 d PGF2? - 48 h hCG - 24 h AI) on day 50 ± 2 postpartum. Cows affected with PM were randomly divided into two groups, Group E (n = 25) combined the treatments applied in Groups A and D, while Group F (n = 26) repeated the treatment administered in Group E except for uterine lavage. The results indicated that the pregnancy rate within 150 days postpartum and the mean days open in Group E (76.0% and 106.3 ± 4.6 days, respectively) were significantly different from those in Group F (38.5% and 137.9 ± 10.9 days, respectively) (P < 0.05). This study suggests that reproductive efficiency could be improved by using the two-step treatment to regulate uterine involution and an early resumption of ovarian function in cows with RP/PM. PMID:21665578

Liu, Wen-Bor; Chuang, Shih-Te; Shyu, Ching-Lin; Chang, Chao-Chin; Jack, Amelia; Peh, Huo-Cheng; Chan, Jacky Peng-Wen

2011-06-01

73

Diabetes Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... the potential complications of type 1 diabetes are: Cardiovascular disease Cardiovascular disease, a range of blood vessel system diseases that ... with diabetes. The two most common types of cardiovascular disease are coronary heart disease, caused by fatty deposits ...

74

Semmelweis and the aetiology of puerperal sepsis 160 years on: an historical review.  

PubMed

It is generally accepted that Professor Ignaz Semmelweis was the first to identify the mode of transmission of puerperal sepsis. However no appropriate statistical analysis of Semmelweis's data supporting his theory has been reported. Mean annual percent maternal mortality rates for the Allgemeines Krankenhaus and Dublin Maternity Hospitals (1784-1858) were analysed. The introduction of pathological anatomy at the Allgemeines Krankenhaus in 1823 was associated with increased mortality. After 1840 maternal mortality was higher in Clinic 1 which was staffed by male obstetricians and medical students who, unlike the midwives in Clinic 2, attended autopsies. The introduction of chlorine washing of the male clinicians' hands in Clinic 1 by Semmelweis in 1847 reduced mortality, whereas the cessation of handwashing after Semmelweis left Vienna in 1850 was associated with increased mortality. This statistical analysis supports Semmelweis's hypothesis that 'the cadaveric particles adhering to the hand had ... caused the preponderant mortality in the first Clinic'. PMID:17553179

Noakes, T D; Borresen, J; Hew-Butler, T; Lambert, M I; Jordaan, E

2008-01-01

75

Semmelweis and the aetiology of puerperal sepsis 160 years on: an historical review  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY It is generally accepted that Professor Ignaz Semmelweis was the first to identify the mode of transmission of puerperal sepsis. However no appropriate statistical analysis of Semmelweis's data supporting his theory has been reported. Mean annual percent maternal mortality rates for the Allgemeines Krankenhaus and Dublin Maternity Hospitals (1784–1858) were analysed. The introduction of pathological anatomy at the Allgemeines Krankenhaus in 1823 was associated with increased mortality. After 1840 maternal mortality was higher in Clinic 1 which was staffed by male obstetricians and medical students who, unlike the midwives in Clinic 2, attended autopsies. The introduction of chlorine washing of the male clinicians’ hands in Clinic 1 by Semmelweis in 1847 reduced mortality, whereas the cessation of handwashing after Semmelweis left Vienna in 1850 was associated with increased mortality. This statistical analysis supports Semmelweis's hypothesis that ‘the cadaveric particles adhering to the hand had … caused the preponderant mortality in the first Clinic’. PMID:17553179

NOAKES, T. D.; BORRESEN, J.; HEW-BUTLER, T.; LAMBERT, M. I.; JORDAAN, E.

2008-01-01

76

Ocular complications of diabetes mellitus  

PubMed Central

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a important health problem that induces ernestful complications and it causes significant morbidity owing to specific microvascular complications such as, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy, and macrovascular complications such as, ischaemic heart disease, and peripheral vasculopathy. It can affect children, young people and adults and is becoming more common. Ocular complications associated with DM are progressive and rapidly becoming the world’s most significant cause of morbidity and are preventable with early detection and timely treatment. This review provides an overview of five main ocular complications associated with DM, diabetic retinopathy and papillopathy, cataract, glaucoma, and ocular surface diseases.

Sayin, Nihat; Kara, Necip; Pekel, Gökhan

2015-01-01

77

Ocular complications of diabetes mellitus.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a important health problem that induces ernestful complications and it causes significant morbidity owing to specific microvascular complications such as, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy, and macrovascular complications such as, ischaemic heart disease, and peripheral vasculopathy. It can affect children, young people and adults and is becoming more common. Ocular complications associated with DM are progressive and rapidly becoming the world's most significant cause of morbidity and are preventable with early detection and timely treatment. This review provides an overview of five main ocular complications associated with DM, diabetic retinopathy and papillopathy, cataract, glaucoma, and ocular surface diseases. PMID:25685281

Sayin, Nihat; Kara, Necip; Pekel, Gökhan

2015-02-15

78

The application of operational research (OR) procedures to maternal mortality from puerperal sepsis in a rural community.  

PubMed

An operation research (OR) procedure on maternal mortality from puerperal sepsis was carried out in Irepodun Local Government Area of Kwara State of Nigeria. The study involved ten focus groups discussion (FGD) in two districts of the Local Government Area. The findings were analysed from three broad perspectives, that is, consumers' views, providers' views and community decision takers' views. In general, the analysis revealed that the community knowledge of puerperal sepsis is poor. In addition, limited access and prohibitive cost of orthodox health care services prevented the community from full utilization of the few available health care centres in the community. The study also revealed that there is urgent need to introduce three key interventions for an improved maternity care in the community. These interventions are community health education, health institutions development and community participation in provision of ancillary services such as transportation. PMID:1776053

Adetoro, O O; Adeyemi, K S; Parakoyi, B; Oni, A; Akure, T; Ogunbode, O

1991-01-01

79

Early continuous veno-venous haemofiltration in the management of severe acute pancreatitis complicated with intra-abdominal hypertension: retrospective review of 10 years' experience  

PubMed Central

Background Conservative treatment of patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) may be associated with development of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH), deterioration of visceral perfusion and increased risk of multiple organ dysfunction. Fluid balance is essential for maintenance of adequate organ perfusion and control of the third space. Timely application of continuous veno-venous haemofiltration (CVVH) may help in balancing fluid replacement and removal of cytokines from the blood and tissue compartments. The aim of the present study was to determine whether CVVH can be recommended as a constituent of conservative treatment in patients with SAP who suffer IAH. Methods A retrospective analysis of 10 years' experience with low-flow CVVH application in patients with SAP who develop IAH was. In all patients, measurement of the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was done indirectly through the urinary bladder. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score was calculated for severity assessment, and necrotizing forms were verified by contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Dynamics of IAP were analysed in parallel with signs of systemic inflammation, dynamics of C-reactive protein and cumulative fluid balance. All variables, complication rate and outcomes were analysed in the whole group and in patients with IAH (CVVH and no-CVVH groups). Results From the total of 130 patients, 75 were treated with application of CVVH and 55 without CVVH. Late hospitalization was associated with application of CVVH. Infection was observed in 28.5% of cases regardless of the type of treatment received, with a similar necessity for surgical intervention. IAH was observed in 68.5% of patients, and they had significantly higher SOFA scores compared to patients with normal IAP. CVVH treatment resulted in negative cumulative fluid balance starting from day 5 in patients with IAH, whereas without this treatment, fluid balance remained increasingly positive after a week. Finally, application of CVVH resulted in a lower infection rate and shorter hospital stay, 26.7% vs. 37.9%, and a median of 32 (interquartile range (IQR) = 60 to 12) days vs. 24 (IQR = 34 to 4) days, p = 0.05, comparing CVVH vs. no-CVVH group. Mortality rate reached 11.7% in the CVVH group and 13.8% in the no-CVVH group. Conclusions Early application of CVVH facilitates negative fluid balance and reduction of IAH in patients with SAP; it is not associated with increased infection or mortality rate and may reduce hospital stay. PMID:23281603

2012-01-01

80

Postoperative complications do not influence the pattern of early lung function recovery after lung resection for lung cancer in patients at risk  

PubMed Central

Background The pattern and factors influencing the lung function recovery in the first postoperative days are still not fully elucidated, especially in patients at increased risk. Methods Prospective study on 60 patients at increased risk, who underwent a lung resection for primary lung cancer. Inclusion criteria: complete resection and one or more known risk factors in form of COPD, cardiovascular disorders, advanced age or other comorbidities. Previous myocardial infarction, myocardial revascularization or stenting, cardiac rhythm disorders, arterial hypertension and myocardiopathy determined the increased cardiac risk. The severity of COPD was graded according to GOLD criteria. The trend of the postoperative lung function recovery was assessed by performing spirometry with a portable spirometer. Results Cardiac comorbidity existed in 55%, mild and moderate COPD in 20% and 35% of patients respectively. Measured values of FVC% and FEV1% on postoperative days one, three and seven, showed continuous improvement, with significant difference between the days of measurement, especially between days three and seven. There was no difference in the trend of the lung function recovery between patients with and without postoperative complications. Whilst pO2 was decreasing during the first three days in a roughly parallel fashion in patients with respiratory, surgical complications and in patients without complications, a slight hypercapnia registered on the first postoperative day was gradually abolished in all groups except in patients with cardiac complications. Conclusion Extent of the lung resection and postoperative complications do not significantly influence the trend of the lung function recovery after lung resection for lung cancer. PMID:24884793

2014-01-01

81

Learning curve for a modified Watson-Jones minimally invasive approach in primary total hip replacement: analysis of complications and early results versus the standard-incision posterior approach.  

PubMed

We analysed the learning curve of an anterolateral minimally invasive (ALMI) approach for primary total hip replacement (THR). The first 42 THR's with large-diameter heads implanted through this approach (group 1) were compared to a cohort of 58 THR's with a 28-mm head performed through a standard-incision posterior approach (group 2). No selection was made and the groups were comparable. Implant positioning as well as early clinical results were satisfactory and were comparable in the two groups. In group 1, the rate of intraoperative complications was significantly higher (greater trochanter fracture in 4 cases, cortical perforation in 3 cases, calcar fracture in one case, nerve palsy in one case, secondary tilting of the metal back in 2 cases) than in group 2 (one nerve palsy and one calcar crack). At 6 months, one revision of the acetabular cup was performed in group 1 for persistent pain, whereas in group 2, we noted 3 dislocations (2 were revised) and 2 periprosthetic femoral fractures. Our study showed a high rate of intra- and perioperative complications during the learning curve for an ALMI approach. These are more likely to occur in obese or osteoporotic patients, and in those with bulky muscles or very stiff hips. Postoperative complications were rare. The early clinical results are excellent and we may expect to achieve better results with a more standardised procedure. During the initial period of the learning curve, it would be preferable to select patients with an appropriate morphology. PMID:17260606

Laffosse, Jean-Michel; Chiron, Philippe; Accadbled, Franck; Molinier, François; Tricoire, Jean-Louis; Puget, Jean

2006-12-01

82

Hypoglycemia: The neglected complication  

PubMed Central

Hypoglycemia is an important complication of glucose-lowering therapy in patients with diabetes mellitus. Attempts made at intensive glycemic control invariably increases the risk of hypoglycemia. A six-fold increase in deaths due to diabetes has been attributed to patients experiencing severe hypoglycemia in comparison to those not experiencing severe hypoglycemia Repeated episodes of hypoglycemia can lead to impairment of the counter-regulatory system with the potential for development of hypoglycemia unawareness. The short- and long-term complications of diabetes related hypoglycemia include precipitation of acute cerebrovascular disease, myocardial infarction, neurocognitive dysfunction, retinal cell death and loss of vision in addition to health-related quality of life issues pertaining to sleep, driving, employment, recreational activities involving exercise and travel. There is an urgent need to examine the clinical spectrum and burden of hypoglycemia so that adequate control measures can be implemented against this neglected life-threatening complication. Early recognition of hypoglycemia risk factors, self-monitoring of blood glucose, selection of appropriate treatment regimens with minimal or no risk of hypoglycemia and appropriate educational programs for healthcare professionals and patients with diabetes are the major ways forward to maintain good glycemic control, minimize the risk of hypoglycemia and thereby prevent long-term complications. PMID:24083163

Kalra, Sanjay; Mukherjee, Jagat Jyoti; Venkataraman, Subramanium; Bantwal, Ganapathi; Shaikh, Shehla; Saboo, Banshi; Das, Ashok Kumar; Ramachandran, Ambady

2013-01-01

83

Leukotriene B4 enhances innate immune defense against the puerperal sepsis agent Streptococcus pyogenes  

PubMed Central

Puerperal sepsis is a leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus; GAS) is a major etiologic agent of severe postpartum sepsis yet little is known regarding the pathogenesis of these infections. Tissue macrophages provide innate defense against GAS and their actions are highly regulated. The intracellular second messenger cAMP can negatively regulate macrophage actions against GAS. Because leukotriene (LT) B4 has been shown to suppress intracellular cAMP in macrophages, we hypothesized that it could enhance innate defenses against GAS. We assessed the capacity of LTB4 to modulate anti-streptococcal actions of human macrophages, including placental and decidual macrophages and used a novel intrauterine infection model of GAS in mice lacking the 5-lipoxygenase (5LO) enzyme to determine the role of endogenous LTs in host defense against this pathogen. Animals lacking 5LO were significantly more vulnerable to intrauterine GAS infection than wild-type mice and showed enhanced dissemination of bacteria out of the uterus and a more robust inflammatory response compared to wild-type mice. Additionally, LTB4 reduced intracellular cAMP levels via the BLT1 receptor and was a potent stimulant of macrophage phagocytosis and NADPH oxidase-dependent intracellular killing of GAS. Importantly, interference was observed between the macrophage immunomodulatory actions of LTB4 and the cAMP-inducing lipid prostaglandin E2, suggesting that interplay between pro- and anti-inflammatory compounds may be important in vivo. This work underscores the potential for pharmacological targeting of lipid mediator signaling cascades in the treatment of invasive GAS infections. PMID:23325886

Soares, Elyara M.; Mason, Katie L.; Rogers, Lisa M.; Serezani, Carlos H.; Faccioli, Lucia H.; Aronoff, David M.

2012-01-01

84

[Pulmonary complications in chemotherapy].  

PubMed

Many chemotherapeutic agents have a direct or indirect toxic effect on the lungs and airways which can lead to potentially fatal complications. It is a diagnostic challenge to identify such changes by imaging early as they are often unspecific and can be misinterpreted as pulmonary edema, infections, radiation pneumonitis or progression of an underlying disease. In this review the morphological changes of the lungs and airways are summarized according to anatomical location and some of the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agents and their adverse effects are listed. PMID:25316105

Becker, A; Frauenfelder, T

2014-10-01

85

Pregnancy Complications: Gonorrhea  

MedlinePLUS

... is running out: Home > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Complications > Gonorrhea Pregnancy complications Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. ... the United States. Can gonorrhea cause complications during pregnancy and for your baby? Yes. Gonorrhea can lead ...

86

Diagnosis of acute puerperal metritis by electronic nose device analysis of vaginal discharge in dairy cows.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of an electronic nose device using vaginal discharge samples to diagnose acute puerperal metritis (APM) in dairy cows. Uterine fluid was sampled manually with a gloved hand and under sterile conditions for electronic nose device analysis (day in milk (DIM) 2, 5, and 10) and bacteriologic examination (DIM 5), respectively, and on additional days, if APM was diagnosed during the daily clinical examinations. A dataset containing samples from 70 cows was used to create a model and to validate the APM status predicted by this model, respectively. Half of the dataset (n = 35; 14 healthy and 21 metritic cows) was provided with information regarding the APM diagnosis and contained all three measurements (DIM 2, 5, and 10) for each cow and was used as a training set whereas the second half was blinded (n = 35; 14 healthy and 21 metritic cows) and contained only the samples collected on DIM 5 of each cow and was used to validate the created prediction model. A receiver operating characteristic curve was calculated using the prediction results of the validation test. The best observed sensitivity was 100% with specificity of 91.6% when using a threshold value of 0.3. The calculated P-value for the receiver operating characteristic curve was less than 0.01. Overall, Escherichia coli was isolated in eight of 28 (28.6%) and 22 of 42 (52.4%) samples collected from healthy and metritic cows, respectively. Trueperella pyogenes and Fusobacterium necrophorum were isolated in 14 and six of 28 (50.0% and 21.4%) and 17 and 16 of 42 (40.5% and 38.1%) samples collected from healthy and metritic cows, respectively. The prevalence of Escherichia coli and Trueperella pyogenes was similar in the samples obtained from metritic cows used for the training set and the validation test. The results are promising especially because of the objective nature of the measurements obtained by the electronic nose device. PMID:24746098

Burfeind, O; Bruins, M; Bos, A; Sannmann, I; Voigtsberger, R; Heuwieser, W

2014-07-01

87

Early complications of total hip and knee replacement: a comparison of outcomes in a regional orthopaedic hospital and two independent treatment centres  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION There is anecdotal evidence of poorer outcomes from prosthetic joint replacement performed in independent eatment centres but very few comparative studies. PATIENTS AND METHODS We compared the early re-operation, dislocation, re-admission, major wound infection and audit rates of 880 total hip (THA) and 874 total knee (TKA) arthroplasties carried out at a regional orthopaedic hospital (Avon Orthopaedic Centre; AOC) with 368 THAs and 365 TKAs from an NHS (WGH) and 67 THAs and 86 TKAs from a private hospital (CNH) independent treatment centre. RESULTS Early re-operation rates were 9% at CNH, 1.4% at WGH and 0.6% at AOC after THA and 8% at CNH, 1.9% at WGH and 1% at AOC after TKA. After THA, dislocation rates after THA were 6% at CNH and 1.8% at both WGH and AOC. Re-admission rates were 13% at CNH, 0.6% at WGH and 1.2% at AOC. Major wound problems were 20% at CNH, 3.8% at WGH and 0.4% at AOC after THA and 19% at CNH, 1.9% at WGH and AOC (1.1%) after TKA. After TKA, re-admission rates from CNH were 13%, 1% at WGH and 1.1% at AOC. AOC and WGH audited their outcomes. None were available from CNH. CONCLUSIONS Results and audit from independent treatment centres are variable and patients should be warned of this before undergoing treatment at them. PMID:20557685

Bannister, Gordon; Ahmed, Mansoor; Bannister, Miles; Bray, Rachel; Dillon, Paul; Eastaugh-Waring, Stephen

2010-01-01

88

Complications of Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: A Review  

SciTech Connect

The endovascular procedure for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms has had an enormous impact on the treatment of this challenging disease. Complications, however, do occur and it is important to have a thorough understanding of the array of complications and appropriate management strategies. In this review of endovascular complications, we describe early and late complications paying particular attention to preventive, treatment and surveillance strategies.

Katzen, Barry T. [Baptist Cardiac and Vascular Institute, Baptist Health Systems, Department of Interventional Radiology, Florida (United States)], E-mail: barryk@baptisthealth.net; MacLean, Alexandra A. [New York Hospital-Queens, Department of Surgery (United States)

2006-12-15

89

Pregnancy Complications: Chlamydia  

MedlinePLUS

... is running out: Home > Pregnancy > Pregnancy Complications > Chlamydia Pregnancy complications Pregnancy complications may need special medical care. ... younger than 25. Can chlamydia cause problems during pregnancy? Yes. If you get it before or during ...

90

Complications of colostomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A review of 200 colostomies showed that the incidence of complications was 11 per cent. Prolapse was the most common complication.\\u000a Indications for colostomy and factors resulting in complications are mentioned. Technics that may prevent or reduce the incidence\\u000a of complications are briefly discussed.

Sibu Pada Saha; Narasihma Rao; Sam E. Stephenson

1973-01-01

91

Acute and Complicated Colonic Diverticulitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a clinical report the results on 500 patients operated on with acute and complicated colonic diverticulitis from 1988 to 1999 are reported. In 401 elective or early elective operated cases mostly (392) a 1-stage operation with resection and primary anastomosis could be done (since 1997 by minimally invasive technique in 106 cases) with a mortality rate of 0.7%. Ninety-nine

Nikolaus Demmel; Boris Kirchdorfer; Willi Bauer; Bernulf Günther

2000-01-01

92

Complications of carotid angioplasty and stenting.  

PubMed

The authors report the complications that occurred in their experience with performing recanalization procedures in the internal carotid artery and present their treatment strategies. The complications can be classified into those that were periprocedural and those that were postprocedural. The former include complications related to the vascular-approach access site of and those associated with the dilation and stenting procedure. Other complications observed included embolic events, dissection, vascular spasm, bradycardia, inappropriate dilation, occlusion of the external carotid artery, and rare, unusual complications such as the occurrence of iatrogenic cavernous carotid fistula. Postprocedure complications occurred in the hours and days following the procedure in the form of embolic and occlusive events, and hypotension and bradycardia were seen as late complications in the months following the procedure. The authors discuss how such complications occur and provide suggestions on how to avoid them. The role of stent placement and the potential use of protective devices are explored. Overall, adequate use of currently available systems allows for safe application of endovascular treatment techniques that avoid altogether or treat these potential complications. A reduced incidence of complications related to the initial individual learning curve may be obtained with preclinical training, in which use of invitro models should be considered. Surgical standby no longer seems required; however, early posttreatment surveillance in intensive care unit is mandatory to avoid the remaining primary complications. PMID:17112203

Theron, J; Guimaraens, L; Coskun, O; Sola, T; Martin, J B; Rufenacht, D A

1998-12-15

93

Chronic complications of spinal cord injury.  

PubMed

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious medical condition that causes functional, psychological and socioeconomic disorder. Therefore, patients with SCI experience significant impairments in various aspects of their life. The goals of rehabilitation and other treatment approaches in SCI are to improve functional level, decrease secondary morbidity and enhance health-related quality of life. Acute and long-term secondary medical complications are common in patients with SCI. However, chronic complications especially further negatively impact on patients' functional independence and quality of life. Therefore, prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of chronic secondary complications in patients with SCI is critical for limiting these complications, improving survival, community participation and health-related quality of life. The management of secondary chronic complications of SCI is also important for SCI specialists, families and caregivers as well as patients. In this paper, we review data about common secondary long-term complications after SCI, including respiratory complications, cardiovascular complications, urinary and bowel complications, spasticity, pain syndromes, pressure ulcers, osteoporosis and bone fractures. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of risk factors, signs, symptoms, prevention and treatment approaches for secondary long-term complications in patients with SCI. PMID:25621208

Sezer, Nebahat; Akku?, Selami; U?urlu, Fatma Gülçin

2015-01-18

94

Chronic complications of spinal cord injury  

PubMed Central

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious medical condition that causes functional, psychological and socioeconomic disorder. Therefore, patients with SCI experience significant impairments in various aspects of their life. The goals of rehabilitation and other treatment approaches in SCI are to improve functional level, decrease secondary morbidity and enhance health-related quality of life. Acute and long-term secondary medical complications are common in patients with SCI. However, chronic complications especially further negatively impact on patients’ functional independence and quality of life. Therefore, prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of chronic secondary complications in patients with SCI is critical for limiting these complications, improving survival, community participation and health-related quality of life. The management of secondary chronic complications of SCI is also important for SCI specialists, families and caregivers as well as patients. In this paper, we review data about common secondary long-term complications after SCI, including respiratory complications, cardiovascular complications, urinary and bowel complications, spasticity, pain syndromes, pressure ulcers, osteoporosis and bone fractures. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of risk factors, signs, symptoms, prevention and treatment approaches for secondary long-term complications in patients with SCI. PMID:25621208

Sezer, Nebahat; Akku?, Selami; U?urlu, Fatma Gülçin

2015-01-01

95

Effect of Domperidone on Insufficient Lactation in Puerperal Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials  

PubMed Central

Background. There is a controversy within the medical community regarding the role of domperidone as a galactagogue and the drug has been removed from the US market owing to safety concerns. Objective. To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available data assessing the effect of domperidone on breast milk production in women experiencing insufficient lactation. Study Selection. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of domperidone on breast milk production of puerperal women were eligible for inclusion. Data Analysis. Absolute and relative changes from baseline were calculated for individual studies and pooled using a random effects model. Results. Three RCTs including 78 participants met the inclusion criteria. All showed a statistically significant increase in breast milk production following treatment with domperidone. The analysis of pooled data demonstrated a statistically significant relative increase of 74.72% (95%??CI = 54.57; 94.86, P < 0.00001) in daily milk production with domperidone treatment compared to placebo. No maternal or neonatal adverse events were observed in any of the trials. Conclusions. Evidence from a few small RCTs of moderate to high quality suggests that domperidone produces a greater increase in breast milk supply than placebo. PMID:22461793

Osadchy, Alla; Moretti, Myla E.; Koren, Gideon

2012-01-01

96

[Tracheotomy complications in resuscitation patients].  

PubMed

Many statistics on what concerned the tracheotomy complications are old, dating from 1960-1970, and discouraging to practise this kind of gesture. Moreover, it is unfeasible to objectively evaluate this technique from these huge sets where it is often difficult to separate the dramatic complications (massive haemorrhage, suffocating pneumothorax,...) and those more benign. The authors analyze through a retrospective study of 32 tracheotomised patients, the index of these complications in distinguishing those of the early stage and the late stage can occur even after decannulation. In the acute phase, haemorrhages 9.3 p 100) per inadequate haematosis, the pneumothorax (3.1 p 100) and the infection of the stoma (12.5 p 100) are the most frequent. The opening tracheotomy infection can support pulmonary infections (28.1 p 100) which cause serious problems at tracheotomised. After decannulation, the principal complication is the tracheobronchial stenosis (3.1 p 100). Its diagnosis is difficult and should be done by systematic endoscopic control of the trachea and radiological explorations at the time of the decannulation. The authors insist on the use of proper equipments, protocols of rigorous care and strict post-operative monitoring. PMID:19666382

Qamouss, Y; Filali, K; Seddiki, M; Boughalem, M; Chafik, A; Touati, A; Ammar, H; Benariba, F

2009-01-01

97

Colonic Stent-Related Complications and Their Management  

PubMed Central

Since its introduction in the early 1990s, the self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) has been increasingly used for the management of malignant colorectal obstruction, not only as a palliative method but also as a preoperative treatment in surgical candidates. However, more recently, concerns have been raised over stent complication rates. Early complications include pain, perforation, and rectal bleeding, and late complications include stent migration and stent obstruction. With the increasing use of SEMS for treatment, physicians need to be more aware of complications occurring after the placement of these stents. This review covers the technical considerations and management of complications after colonic stenting. PMID:25325000

Han, Seung-Hee

2014-01-01

98

Maternal and neonatal complications of macrosomia.  

PubMed

This case control study, aimed at identifying complications of macrosomia, was conducted in two major hospitals of Yaoundé, Cameroon over a 6-month period from 1 October 2012. Maternity records were compared of births weighing ?4000?g with those weighing between 3000?g and 3500?g. The main outcome variables were mode of delivery, low genital lacerations, Apgar score, birth injuries, postpartum haemorrhage and early neonatal death. Data were analysed using SPSS 18.0. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test and t-test were used for comparison. P?complications observed were poor uterine contractions during labour, second-degree perineal tears, Caesarean section, instrumental delivery and postpartum haemorrhage. Neonatal complications were birth injuries, poor 5-minute Apgar score and early neonatal death. In our setting, macrosomia is associated with increased maternal and neonatal complications. PMID:24958734

Nkwabong, Elie

2014-10-01

99

Radiology of colonic interposition and its associated complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A retrospective review of the medical records, pathology reports, and radiographic studies of 81 patients who had undergone colonic interposition was undertaken, with special attention to postoperative complications. Both early (within 30 days postoperatively, 81 patients) and late (later than 30 days postoperatively, 57 patients) complications were reviewed. Early findings included anastomotic narrowing (18 patients), anastomotic leak (13), aspiration (11),

Lee R. Christensen; Jonathan Shapir

1986-01-01

100

Neurological Complications of Lyme Disease  

MedlinePLUS

NINDS Neurological Complications of Lyme Disease Information Page Synonym(s): Lyme Disease - Neurological Complications Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What are Neurological Complications of ...

101

[Risks and complications of thyroid surgery].  

PubMed

Despite technical improvements, complications may still occur after thyroid surgery, mostly after total thyroidectomy, removal of diving or suffocating goiters for Graves' disease or carcinoma, and in reoperations. Hypoparathyreosis or unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy are observed in 10% of the patients but persist in only 1% of the cases managed by orthophony or vitaminocalcic supply. Two early complications are severe respiratory obstruction by bilateral nerve palsy and suffocating haematoma. Claude-Bernard Horner syndrome, lymphorrhea, abscess or disgraciods scar are rarely observed. The prevention of these complications requires adequate surgical indications performed by specialized endocrine surgeons. PMID:8978191

Chapuis, Y

1996-12-01

102

Management of postoperative complications: general approach.  

PubMed

The goal of postoperative management is to promote early mobility and avoid postoperative complications, recognizing the potentially devastating impact of complications on elderly patients with hip fracture. The recommended approach involves early mobilization; freedom from tethers (indwelling urinary catheters and other devices); effective pain control; treating malnutrition; preventing pressure ulcers; reducing risk for pulmonary, urinary, and wound infections; and managing cognition. This carefully structured and patient-centered management provides older, vulnerable patients their best chance of returning to their previous level of functioning as quickly and safety as possible. PMID:24721365

Sanguineti, V Ana; Wild, Jason R; Fain, Mindy J

2014-05-01

103

Complications of colostomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  In a series of 307 colostomies established in 296 patients, there were complications in 53 patients (16 per cent), of whom\\u000a 41 had reoperations to correct the complications. One patient died of sepsis following operation for a perforation caused\\u000a by an irrigating catheter.

Francis J. Burns; SainZ Louis

1970-01-01

104

[Complications in pediatric anesthesia].  

PubMed

As in adult anesthesia, morbidity and mortality could be significantly reduced in pediatric anesthesia in recent decades. This fact cannot conceal the fact that the incidence of anesthetic complications in children is still much more common than in adults and sometimes with a severe outcome. Newborns and infants in particular but also children with emergency interventions and severe comorbidities are at increased risk of potential complications. Typical complications in pediatric anesthesia are respiratory problems, medication errors, difficulties with the intravenous puncture and pulmonal aspiration. In the postoperative setting, nausea and vomiting, pain, and emergence delirium can be mentioned as typical complications. In addition to the systematic prevention of complications in pediatric anesthesia, it is important to quickly recognize disturbances of homeostasis and treat them promptly and appropriately. In addition to the expertise of the performing anesthesia team, the institutional structure in particular can improve quality and safety in pediatric anesthesia. PMID:25004872

Becke, K

2014-07-01

105

Complications in late pregnancy.  

PubMed

Complications of late pregnancy are managed infrequently in the emergency department and, thus, can pose a challenge when the emergency physician encounters acute presentations. An expert understanding of the anatomic and physiologic changes and possible complications of late pregnancy is vital to ensure proper evaluation and care for both mother and fetus. This article focuses on the late pregnancy issues that the emergency physician will face, from the bleeding and instability of abruptio placentae to the wide spectrum of complications and management strategies encountered with preterm labor. PMID:23137403

Meguerdichian, David

2012-11-01

106

Postoperative surgical complications of lymphadenohysterocolpectomy  

PubMed Central

Rationale The current standard surgical treatment for the cervix and uterine cancer is the radical hysterectomy (lymphadenohysterocolpectomy). This has the risk of intraoperative accidents and postoperative associated morbidity. Objective The purpose of this article is the evaluation and quantification of the associated complications in comparison to the postoperative morbidity which resulted after different types of radical hysterectomy. Methods and results Patients were divided according to the type of surgery performed as follows: for cervical cancer – group A- 37 classic radical hysterectomies Class III Piver - Rutledge -Smith ( PRS ), group B -208 modified radical hysterectomies Class II PRS and for uterine cancer- group C -79 extended hysterectomies with pelvic lymphadenectomy from which 17 patients with paraaortic lymphnode biopsy . All patients performed preoperative radiotherapy and 88 of them associated radiosensitization. Discussion Early complications were intra-abdominal bleeding ( 2.7% Class III PRS vs 0.48% Class II PRS), supra-aponeurotic hematoma ( 5.4% III vs 2.4% II) , dynamic ileus (2.7% III vs 0.96% II) and uro - genital fistulas (5.4% III vs 0.96% II).The late complications were the bladder dysfunction (21.6% III vs 16.35% II) , lower limb lymphedema (13.5% III vs 11.5% II), urethral strictures (10.8% III vs 4.8% II) , incisional hernias ( 8.1% III vs 7.2% II), persistent pelvic pain (18.91% III vs 7.7% II), bowel obstruction (5.4% III vs 1.4% II) and deterioration of sexual function (83.3% III vs 53.8% II). PRS class II radical hysterectomy is associated with fewer complications than PRS class III radical hysterectomy , except for the complications of lymphadenectomy . A new method that might reduce these complications is a selective lymphadenectomy represented by sentinel node biopsy . In conclusion PRS class II radical hysterectomy associated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy is a therapeutic option for the incipient stages of cervical cancer. Abbreviations: PRS- Piver Rutledge-Smith, II- class II, III- class III PMID:24653760

Marin, F; Ple?ca, M; Bordea, CI; Voinea, SC; Burl?nescu, I; Ichim, E; Jianu, CG; Nicol?escu, RR; Teodosie, MP; Maher, K; Blidaru, A

2014-01-01

107

[Complications of celiac disease].  

PubMed

Numerous complications can occur in celiac disease, nutritional (growth failure in children, malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies), hematologic (anaemia), bone disease (osteoporosis, fracture), gynaecologic (hypo fertility), cardiovascular (coronaropathy, venous thrombosis), neurological (peripheral neuropathy), hepatic (cytolysis, cirrhosis). Celiac disease is associated with an increased risk of autoimmune diseases (type 1 diabetes, thyroiditis), and cancer (upper digestive tract, hepatocellular carcinoma, lymphoma). The main digestive complications are microscopic colitis and refractory sprue, which are resistant to gluten-free diet. It can be associated with a monoclonal proliferation of intraepithelial lymphocytes (type 2 refractory sprue), which may be considered as a cryptic lymphoma and can lead to invasive T lymphoma, which occurs in one celiac patient in 1000. Gluten-free diet protects from the occurrence of most complications and correct the over-mortality related to these complications. PMID:21621350

Cosnes, J; Nion-Larmurier, I

2013-04-01

108

Infection and Other Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... and improve your overall health. Other Complications of Lymphedema The sudden onset of swelling anywhere in the ... can block lymphatic flow, causing a worsening of lymphedema or other forms of swelling. Patients with a ...

109

Pregnancy Complications: Genital Herpes  

MedlinePLUS

... page It's been added to your dashboard . Genital herpes and pregnancy Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted ... the United States has genital herpes. Can genital herpes cause complications during pregnancy? Yes. Genital herpes can ...

110

Complications of Measles (Rubeola)  

MedlinePLUS

... Travelers Lab Tools Serology Specimens for Detection by RT-PCR or Virus Isolation Measles Lab Manual Vero/ ... Measles chapter of the Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine Preventable Diseases (Pink Book) describes measles complications in ...

111

[Neurological complications in uremia].  

PubMed

Neurological complications due to the uremic state or hemodialysis, contribute to the important cause of mortality in patients with uremia. Despite continuous advances in uremic treatment, many neurological complications of uremia, like uremic encephalopathy, peripheral neuropathy and myopathy fail to fully respond to hemodialysis. Moreover, hemodialysis or kidney transplantation may even induce neurological complications. Hemodialysis can directly or indirectly be associated with Wernicke's encephalopathy, dialytic dementia, dysequilibrium syndrome, cerebrovascular accidents, osmotic myelinolysis and mononeuropathy. Renal transplantation can give rise to rejection encephalopathy and acute femoral neuropathy. The use of immunosuppressive drugs after renal transplantation can cause reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy encephalopathy. The clinical, pathophysiological and therapeutical aspects of central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and myopathy complications in uremia are reviewed. PMID:18686653

Fong, Chin-Shih

2008-06-01

112

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... The CDC Cancel Submit Search The CDC Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported ... Kid-friendly Fact Sheet Pertussis Vaccination Pregnancy and Whooping Cough Clinicians Disease Specifics Treatment Clinical Features Clinical Complications ...

113

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript on. Read more information on enabling JavaScript. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Skip Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area ... and appropriate treatment can help prevent complications of PID. Without treatment, PID can cause permanent damage to ...

114

HIV and the Risk of Direct Obstetric Complications: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Women of reproductive age in parts of sub-Saharan Africa are faced both with high levels of HIV and the threat of dying from the direct complications of pregnancy. Clinicians practicing in such settings have reported a high incidence of direct obstetric complications among HIV-infected women, but the evidence supporting this is unclear. The aim of this systematic review is to establish whether HIV-infected women are at increased risk of direct obstetric complications. Methods and findings Studies comparing the frequency of obstetric haemorrhage, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, dystocia and intrauterine infections in HIV-infected and uninfected women were identified. Summary estimates of the odds ratio (OR) for the association between HIV and each obstetric complication were calculated through meta-analyses. In total, 44 studies were included providing 66 data sets; 17 on haemorrhage, 19 on hypertensive disorders, five on dystocia and 25 on intrauterine infections. Meta-analysis of the OR from studies including vaginal deliveries indicated that HIV-infected women had over three times the risk of a puerperal sepsis compared with HIV-uninfected women [pooled OR: 3.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.00–5.85]; this figure increased to nearly six amongst studies only including women who delivered by caesarean (pooled OR: 5.81, 95% CI: 2.42–13.97). For other obstetric complications the evidence was weak and inconsistent. Conclusions The higher risk of intrauterine infections in HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women may require targeted strategies involving the prophylactic use of antibiotics during labour. However, as the huge excess of pregnancy-related mortality in HIV-infected women is unlikely to be due to a higher risk of direct obstetric complications, reducing this mortality will require non obstetric interventions involving access to ART in both pregnant and non-pregnant women. PMID:24124458

Calvert, Clara; Ronsmans, Carine

2013-01-01

115

Complications of colostomy closure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of 126 colostomy closures was analyzed to evaluate factors contributing to morbidity. There were no deaths, but there\\u000a was a 33 percent complication rate. Patients with penetrating abdominal trauma and foreign-body rectal perforations had fewer\\u000a serious complications following colostomy closures than patients with diverticulitis or cancer. No significant difference\\u000a was found in the anastomotic leak rate, length of

Donna M. Pittman; Lee E. Smith

1985-01-01

116

Complications of diverticular disease: surgical laparoscopic treatment  

PubMed Central

Surgical treatment of complicated colonic diverticular disease is still debatable. The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic colon resection in patients with diverticulitis and with complications like colon-vescical fistula, peridiverticular abscess, perforation or stricture. All patients underwent laparoscopic colectomy within 8 years period. Main data recorded were age, sex, return of bowel function, operation time, duration of hospital stay, ASA score, body mass index (BMI), early and late complications. During the study period, 33 colon resections were performed for diverticulitis and complications of diverticulitis. We performed 5 associated procedures. We had 2 postoperative complications; 1 of these required a redo operation with laparotomy for anastomotic leak and 3 patients required conversion from laparoscopic to open colectomy. The most common reasons for conversion were related to the inflammatory process with a severe adhesion syndrome. Mean operative time was 229 minutes, and average postoperative hospital stay was 9,8 days. Laparoscopic surgery for complications of diverticular disease is safe, effective and feasible. Laparoscopic colectomy has replaced open resection as standard surgery for recurrent and complicated diverticulitis in our institution. PMID:24979103

ANANIA, G.; VEDANA, L.; SANTINI, M.; SCAGLIARINI, L.; GIACCARI, S.; RESTA, G.; CAVALLESCO, G.

2014-01-01

117

Medical complications of obesity.  

PubMed Central

Obesity leads to several complications that affect many body systems. This paper focuses mainly on the cardiovascular complications, which include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and stroke, and congestive heart failure; the last may be secondary not only to advanced coronary atherosclerosis, but also to other pathogenetic factors. The increased frequency of coronary heart disease in the obese is largely attributable to the commonly associated hypertension, diabetes mellitus and lipoprotein abnormalities, rather than the adiposity. The lipoprotein disorders that have a role in atherogenesis are decreased plasma concentrations of high-density lipoproteins and elevated plasma concentrations of low-density lipoproteins. Abnormalities in cholesterol metabolism are responsible for the increased frequency of cholelithiasis in obese persons. The factors that mediate the development of cardiovascular and gallbladder complications are correctable by an appropriate program of meal planning and physical activity. PMID:737618

Angel, A.; Roncari, D. A.

1978-01-01

118

Complications of body piercing.  

PubMed

The trend of body piercing at sites other than the earlobe has grown in popularity in the past decade. The tongue, lips, nose, eyebrows, nipples, navel, and genitals may be pierced. Complications of body piercing include local and systemic infections, poor cosmesis, and foreign body rejection. Swelling and tooth fracture are common problems after tongue piercing. Minor infections, allergic contact dermatitis, keloid formation, and traumatic tearing may occur after piercing of the earlobe. "High" ear piercing through the ear cartilage is associated with more serious infections and disfigurement. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics are advised for treatment of auricular perichondritis because of their antipseudomonal activity. Many complications from piercing are body-site-specific or related to the piercing technique used. Navel, nipple, and genital piercings often have prolonged healing times. Family physicians should be prepared to address complications of body piercing and provide accurate information to patients. PMID:16342832

Meltzer, Donna I

2005-11-15

119

Vasectomy without complication.  

PubMed

In a four-year period 500 outpatient vasectomies were performed by the author. Bilateral scrotal incisions were used in all cases as were metal clips to occlude the vas deferens. Operating time rarely exceeded fifteen minutes. No failures and no sperm granulomas were encountered. Complications were rare and included a single scrotal hematoma and six minor infections. Unilateral absence of the vas deferens was noted in 2 patients. The technique to be described is a simple, complication-free method of vasectomy. PMID:1246787

Bennett, A H

1976-02-01

120

Cardiovascular complications of parenteral nutrition.  

PubMed Central

During a 3 year period, 1987-1989, we encountered three major complications associated with parenteral nutrition leading to congestive cardiac failure--acute beriberi, right atrial and superior vena caval thrombosis, and fungal endocarditis. Unrecognized, these are invariably fatal. Persistent vomiting from intestinal obstruction led to the development of thiamine deficiency in the patient with beriberi. Recurrent catheter tip sepsis probably accounted for thrombosis and endocarditis in the second and third cases, respectively. These conditions are preventable with careful attention to nutritional replenishment and aseptic technique. In patients with catheter-related sepsis early, repeated blood culture is of diagnostic value. Patients with Staphylococcus aureus catheter-associated bacteraemia require at least 4 weeks of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Recurrent sepsis, especially when associated with pulmonary embolic phenomena, is an indication for echocardiography. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:1448402

Naidoo, D. P.; Singh, B.; Haffejee, A.

1992-01-01

121

Successful Surgical Treatment of Cardiac Complication of Graves Disease  

PubMed Central

Cardiac complications such as arrhythmia and heart failure are common in Graves disease. Early detection and proper treatment of hyperthyroidism are important because cardiac complications are reported to be reversible if the thyroid function is normalized by medical treatment. We report here a case of cardiac complication of Graves disease that was too late to reverse with medical treatment and required surgical treatment. PMID:25207231

Min, Jooncheol; Kim, Woong-Han; Jang, Woo Sung; Choi, Eun Seok; Cho, Sungkyu; Choi, Kwang Ho

2014-01-01

122

[Piercing complications in the facial area].  

PubMed

From the ENT specialist's view, the wearing of piercing jewelry on the outer ear, the tongue, the lips, the nose or the eyebrows is the cause of many and sometimes serious local and also systemic complications. Especially on the outer ear allergic reactions, keloid formation, traumatic tears or embedding of the piece of jewelry can occur in addition to simple, superficial infections or perichondritis. Through specific advice, early detection and treatment of complications, serious health damage to the wearer of piercing jewelry can be avoided. PMID:17190260

Strieth, S; Berghaus, A

2006-10-12

123

Obstetrical Complications and Violent Delinquency: Testing Two Developmental Pathways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed interaction between obstetrical complications and early family adversity in predicting violent behavior during childhood and adolescence among 849 boys from low SES areas. Found that elevated scores on scale of obstetrical complications (preeclampsia, umbilical cord prolapse, induced labor) increased risk of being violent at 6 and 17…

Arseneault, Louise; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boulerice, Bernard; Saucier, Jean-Francois

2002-01-01

124

Neurological Complications of AIDS  

MedlinePLUS

... of certain brain structures involved in learning and information processing. Other nervous system complications that occur as a result of the ... resistant to drug combination therapy0 in the nervous system. Where can I get more information? For more information on neurological disorders or research ...

125

Neurological Complications of Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the preferred treatment for an expanding range of neoplastic and nonmalignant conditions. Increasing numbers of solid organ transplantations (SOTs) add an additional population of immunosuppressed patients with multiple potential neurological problems. While the spectrum of neurological complications varies with conditioning procedure and hematopoietic cell or solid organ source, major neurological complications occur with all transplantation procedures. This 2 part review emphasizes a practical consultative approach to central and peripheral nervous system problems related to HCT or SOT with clinical and neuroimaging examples from the authors’ institutional experience with the following conditions: the diversity of manifestations of common infections such as varicella zoster virus, Aspergillus, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), drug therapy-related complications, stroke mechanisms, the spectrum of graft versus host disease (GVHD), and neurologically important syndromes of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), and posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). These complications preferentially occur at specific intervals after HCT and SOT, and neurological consultants must recognize an extensive spectrum of syndromes in order to effect timely diagnosis and expedite appropriate treatment. PMID:23983885

Pruitt, Amy A.; Graus, Francesc; Rosenfeld, Myrna R.

2013-01-01

126

Behavioral complications of dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BEHAVIORAL COMPLICATIONS of dementia, a major source of morbidity associated with diseases marked by cognitive impairment, are usually very distressing to both demented patients and their caregivers, v3 Since general internists often manage these debilitating problems, we have structured this overview for the primary care physician. The existing literature in this new area of study is not yet sufficient for

Timothy Howell; David T. Watts

1990-01-01

127

Complications of Ventricular Shunts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ventricular shunting is the most widely accepted form of treatment of hydrocephalus. The placement of cerebrospinal fluid shunts has become on eo f the most common procedures in modern neurologic surgery. Despite significant improve- ments in shunt procedures, shunt complications remain common. These troubles are associated with significant adverse consequences, both medical and economic. At- tempts to limit their incidence

Bradley E. Weprin; Dale M. Swift

2002-01-01

128

Diagnostic value of an ROC curve of the size of the antepartum foramen ovale in the prediction of puerperal atrial septal defect.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of an ROC curve of the antepartum foramen ovale (AFO) size and the ratio of FO size to aorta (AO) size (FO/AO) for the prediction of puerperal atrial septal defect in different gestational weeks (DGWs). A total of 958 cases were divided into five groups according to number of gestational weeks. Comparisons of FO size, AO size and FO/AO were determined by variance analysis. The correlations between FO size, AO size and gestational age were determined using regression analysis and comparisons between atrial septal defect (ASD) diagnosed in DGWs and normal cardiac FO size and FO/AO were analyzed by t-test. ROC curve analysis was used for FO size and FO/AO to predict the demarcation point of puerperal ASD (pASD). The differences between FO size and AO size in the five groups at DGWs were statistically significant (P=0.000). The sizes of FO and AO increased with gestational age. The differences among pASD, normal cardiac FO size and FO/AO were statistically significant (P=0.000). FO size in the five DGW groups (18-22, 23-26, 27-30, 31-34 and 35-40 weeks) was able to predict the demarcation points of pASD, which were 5.02, 5.15, 6.55, 8.55 and 7.90 mm, respectively. The prediction of pASD with AFO size and FO/AO was accurate and may provide reliable reference values in the clinic. PMID:23737907

Liu, Lin; He, Yi-Hua; Li, Zhi-An; Zhang, Ye; Gu, Xiao-Yan; Han, Jian-Cheng; Chen, Jiao-Yang

2013-05-01

129

Subcutaneous immunization with inactivated bacterial components and purified protein of Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Trueperella pyogenes prevents puerperal metritis in Holstein dairy cows.  

PubMed

In this study we evaluate the efficacy of five vaccine formulations containing different combinations of proteins (FimH; leukotoxin, LKT; and pyolysin, PLO) and/or inactivated whole cells (Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium necrophorum, and Trueperella pyogenes) in preventing postpartum uterine diseases. Inactivated whole cells were produced using two genetically distinct strains of each bacterial species (E. coli, F. necrophorum, and T. pyogenes). FimH and PLO subunits were produced using recombinant protein expression, and LKT was recovered from culturing a wild F. necrophorum strain. Three subcutaneous vaccines were formulated: Vaccine 1 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells and proteins; Vaccine 2 was composed of proteins only; and Vaccine 3 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells only. Two intravaginal vaccines were formulated: Vaccine 4 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells and proteins; and Vaccine 5 was composed of PLO and LKT. To evaluate vaccine efficacy, a randomized clinical trial was conducted at a commercial dairy farm; 371 spring heifers were allocated randomly into one of six different treatments groups: control, Vaccine 1, Vaccine 2, Vaccine 3, Vaccine 4 and Vaccine 5. Late pregnant heifers assigned to one of the vaccine groups were each vaccinated twice: at 230 and 260 days of pregnancy. When vaccines were evaluated grouped as subcutaneous and intravaginal, the subcutaneous ones were found to significantly reduce the incidence of puerperal metritis. Additionally, subcutaneous vaccination significantly reduced rectal temperature at 6±1 days in milk. Reproduction was improved for cows that received subcutaneous vaccines. In general, vaccination induced a significant increase in serum IgG titers against all antigens, with subcutaneous vaccination again being more effective. In conclusion, subcutaneous vaccination with inactivated bacterial components and/or protein subunits of E. coli, F. necrophorum and T. pyogenes can prevent puerperal metritis during the first lactation of dairy cows, leading to improved reproduction. PMID:24638139

Machado, Vinícius Silva; Bicalho, Marcela Luccas de Souza; Meira Junior, Enoch Brandão de Souza; Rossi, Rodolfo; Ribeiro, Bruno Leonardo; Lima, Svetlana; Santos, Thiago; Kussler, Arieli; Foditsch, Carla; Ganda, Erika Korzune; Oikonomou, Georgios; Cheong, Soon Hon; Gilbert, Robert Owen; Bicalho, Rodrigo Carvalho

2014-01-01

130

Subcutaneous Immunization with Inactivated Bacterial Components and Purified Protein of Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium necrophorum and Trueperella pyogenes Prevents Puerperal Metritis in Holstein Dairy Cows  

PubMed Central

In this study we evaluate the efficacy of five vaccine formulations containing different combinations of proteins (FimH; leukotoxin, LKT; and pyolysin, PLO) and/or inactivated whole cells (Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium necrophorum, and Trueperella pyogenes) in preventing postpartum uterine diseases. Inactivated whole cells were produced using two genetically distinct strains of each bacterial species (E. coli, F. necrophorum, and T. pyogenes). FimH and PLO subunits were produced using recombinant protein expression, and LKT was recovered from culturing a wild F. necrophorum strain. Three subcutaneous vaccines were formulated: Vaccine 1 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells and proteins; Vaccine 2 was composed of proteins only; and Vaccine 3 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells only. Two intravaginal vaccines were formulated: Vaccine 4 was composed of inactivated bacterial whole cells and proteins; and Vaccine 5 was composed of PLO and LKT. To evaluate vaccine efficacy, a randomized clinical trial was conducted at a commercial dairy farm; 371 spring heifers were allocated randomly into one of six different treatments groups: control, Vaccine 1, Vaccine 2, Vaccine 3, Vaccine 4 and Vaccine 5. Late pregnant heifers assigned to one of the vaccine groups were each vaccinated twice: at 230 and 260 days of pregnancy. When vaccines were evaluated grouped as subcutaneous and intravaginal, the subcutaneous ones were found to significantly reduce the incidence of puerperal metritis. Additionally, subcutaneous vaccination significantly reduced rectal temperature at 6±1 days in milk. Reproduction was improved for cows that received subcutaneous vaccines. In general, vaccination induced a significant increase in serum IgG titers against all antigens, with subcutaneous vaccination again being more effective. In conclusion, subcutaneous vaccination with inactivated bacterial components and/or protein subunits of E. coli, F. necrophorum and T. pyogenes can prevent puerperal metritis during the first lactation of dairy cows, leading to improved reproduction. PMID:24638139

Machado, Vinícius Silva; Bicalho, Marcela Luccas de Souza; Meira Junior, Enoch Brandão de Souza; Rossi, Rodolfo; Ribeiro, Bruno Leonardo; Lima, Svetlana; Santos, Thiago; Kussler, Arieli; Foditsch, Carla; Ganda, Erika Korzune; Oikonomou, Georgios; Cheong, Soon Hon; Gilbert, Robert Owen; Bicalho, Rodrigo Carvalho

2014-01-01

131

Bereavement and Complicated Grief  

PubMed Central

Bereavement is a common experience in adults age 60 and older. Loss of a loved one usually leads to acute grief characterized by yearning and longing, decreased interest in ongoing activities, and frequent thoughts of the deceased. For most, acute grief naturally evolves into a state of integrated grief, where the bereaved is able to reengage with everyday activities and find interest or pleasure. About 7% of bereaved older adults, however, will develop the mental health condition of Complicated Grief (CG). In CG, the movement from acute to integrated grief is derailed, and grief symptoms remain severe and impairing. This article reviews recent publications on the diagnosis of CG, risk factors for the condition, and evidenced-based treatments for CG. Greater attention to complicated grief detection and treatment in older adults is needed. PMID:24068457

Ghesquiere, Angela; Glickman, Kim

2013-01-01

132

Complications following cava catheterization.  

PubMed

The employment of cava catheterization in intensive care and emergency-treatment has dramatically increased. On the basis of our patients in the Surgical Clinics of the RWTH Aachen risks and complications of the central venous catheterization are explained. Six hundred and eighty-four cases have been examined--categorized according to the method of insertion and according to the technique. In a small randomized study, 60 cava catheters were individually examined bacteriologically. PMID:899567

Raguse, T; Lynen, F K; Schröder, W

1977-01-01

133

[Complications of ileal lymphoma].  

PubMed

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the ileum accounts for some 3% of all extranodal onset lymphoma and 20% of gastrointestinal lymphoma given that the ileum is more frequently affected than the jejunum and duodenum. The large majority of primary extranodal lymphomas present a diffuse histological structure and in particular involve the cervico-fascial and gastrointestinal regions. Moreover, it is not uncommon to find an association between gastroenteric involvement and Waldeyer's ring (cervico-fascial region). Primary intestinal involvement may not present specific symptoms and remain silent for some time. It is manifested by the onset of complications caused by occlusion and perforation. Two cases of ileal lymphoma were treated at the Institute of Emergency Surgery of Catania University between 1992 and 1993. They were complicated by intestinal perforation and occlusion respectively. Both patients underwent emergency intestinal resection. Surgery represents the elective treatment for primary forms, followed by polychemotherapy and radiotherapy. Prognosis depends on the spread of disease and the hystotype. The administration of NTP and somatopstatin resulted in a shorter postoperative period with fewer surgical complications. PMID:8710149

Vadalà, G; Salice, M; L'Anfusa, G; Caragliano, P; Vadalà, F; Mangiameli, A

1995-11-01

134

Pleuropulmonary complications of pancreatitis  

PubMed Central

Pancreatitis, in common with many other upper abdominal diseases, often leads to pleuropulmonary complications. Radiological evidence of pleuropulmonary abnormality was found in 55% of 58 cases examined retrospectively. The majority of such abnormalities are not specific for pancreatitis; but a particular category of pleural effusions, rich in pancreatic enzymes, is a notable exception. A patient with this type of effusion, complicated by a spontaneous bronchopleural fistula and then by an empyema, is reported. The literature relating to pancreatic enzyme-rich pleural effusions (pathognomonic of pancreatitis) is reviewed. Of several possible mechanisms involved in pathogenesis, transdiaphragmatic lymphatic transfer of pancreatic enzymes, intrapleural rupture of mediastinal extensions of pseudocysts, and diaphragmatic perforation are the most important. The measurement of pleural fluid amylase, at present little employed in this country, has considerable diagnostic value. Enzyme-rich effusions are more commonly left-sided, are often blood-stained, are frequently associated with pancreatic pseudocysts, and—if long standing—may be complicated by a bronchopleural fistula. Images PMID:4872925

Kaye, Michael D.

1968-01-01

135

[Amniotic fluid embolism: report of the successful outcome of a case with inaugural cardiac arrest and early DIVC complicated by hemoperitoneum of iatrogen origin and bleeding of an hepatic adenoma].  

PubMed

Amniotic fluid embolism is a relatively rare clinical entity and with difficult medical recognition. However, it is the second leading cause of maternal mortality. We report here the case of a 32-year-old patient who underwent elective caesarean section complicated by an amniotic fluid embolism with cardiac arrest. The presence of a major disseminated intravascular coagulation favored the occurrence of a retroperitoneal hematoma of iatrogenic origin on attempt of femoral venous catheterization and that of hemoperitoneum on bleeding of an hepatic adenoma. The diagnostic of amniotic fluid embolism was confirmed by the presence of amniotic cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage. The patient survived without sequelae. PMID:22925937

Falzone, E; Ricard, J-D; Pachy, F; Mandelbrot, L; Keïta, H

2012-10-01

136

Complicated acute appendicitis? An unusual differential.  

PubMed

Acute appendicitis is a common surgical diagnosis but several differential diagnoses exist and should be considered. Internal concealment is one such diagnosis. We present a case of a young man taken to the operating room with a preoperative diagnosis of complicated acute appendicitis. A ruptured caecum was encountered and several free-floating drug pellets were present. Attending doctors should consider this differential in the high prevalence areas and, whenever encountered, they should strongly consider early reporting. PMID:25253669

Cawich, Shamir O; Hassranah, Dale; Pooran, Suresh; Dan, Dilip; Narayansingh, Vijay

2015-01-01

137

Radiology of cardiac devices and their complications.  

PubMed

This article familiarizes the reader with several different cardiac devices including pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators, intra-aortic balloon pumps, ventricular assist devices, valve replacements and repairs, shunt-occluding devices and passive constraint devices. Many cardiac devices are routinely encountered in clinical practice. Other devices are in the early stages of development, but circumstances suggest that they too will become commonly found. The radiologist must be familiar with these devices and their complications. PMID:25411826

Dipoce, J; Bernheim, A; Spindola-Franco, H

2015-02-01

138

Acute abdominal complications following hip surgery.  

PubMed

Hip surgeries are some of the most common and successful orthopedic procedures. Although rarely, abdominal complications do occur and are associated with unfavorable outcomes.We aimed to identify and describe the severe abdominal complications that appear in patients under-going elective or traumatic hip surgery. A four year retrospective electronic database research identified 408 elective primary hip replacements,51 hip revisions and 1040 intra and extracapsular proximal femur fractures. Out of these, three males and 4 females between 64 - 84 years old were identified to have developed acute abdominal complications: perforated acute ulcer (3),acute cholecystitis (2), volvulus (1), toxic megacolon with peritonitis (1) and acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (1).Complications debuted 3 - 10 days after index orthopedic surgery. Acute perioperative abdominal complications are rarely encountered during orthopedic surgery. When these do occur, they do so almost exclusively in patients with hippathology, comorbidities and most often lead to life threatening situations. We thus emphasize the need for early identification and appropriate management by both orthopedic and general surgery doctors in order to improve patient safety. PMID:24742414

Deleanu, B; Prejbeanu, R; Vermesan, D; Haragus, H; Icma, I; Predescu, V

2014-01-01

139

Managing esthetic implant complications.  

PubMed

Dental implant success today is judged not only by osseointegration but also by esthetic results. Cosmetic predictability can often be difficult to attain, and esthetic implant failures can be multifactorial. Once esthetic implant failures occur, many cannot be fully corrected. Some complications must be addressed by an interdisciplinary dental team. In this summary of case reports, surgical considerations are provided, including cases of facial asymmetry/recession due to facial implant placement or bone loss resulting from technique/treatment failures, as well as papillary deficiencies. Restorative considerations for correcting failures are also discussed. PMID:22908600

Butler, Bobby; Kinzer, Greggory A

2012-01-01

140

Complications Related to Gastric Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection and Their Managements  

PubMed Central

Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer is a well-established procedure with the advantage of resection in an en bloc fashion, regardless of the size, shape, coexisting ulcer, and location of the lesion. However, gastric ESD is a more difficult and meticulous technique, and also requires a longer procedure time, than conventional endoscopic mucosal resection. These factors naturally increase the risk of various complications. The two most common complications accompanying gastric ESD are bleeding and perforation. These complications are known to occur both intraoperatively and postoperatively. However, there are other rare but serious complications related to gastric ESD, including aspiration pneumonia, stenosis, venous thromboembolism, and air embolism. Endoscopists should have sufficient knowledge about such complications and be prepared to deal with them appropriately, as successful management of complications is necessary for the successful completion of the entire ESD procedure. PMID:25324997

Saito, Itaru; Tsuji, Yosuke; Sakaguchi, Yoshiki; Niimi, Keiko; Ono, Satoshi; Kodashima, Shinya; Yamamichi, Nobutake; Koike, Kazuhiko

2014-01-01

141

[Acute hepatic vascular complications].  

PubMed

Acute hepatic vascular complications are rare. Acute portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and the Budd-Chiari syndrome (BSC) are the leading causes. Coagulopathy and local factors are present in up to 80% of cases. Diagnosis is established by colour-coded Doppler sonography, contrast-enhanced computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Patients with acute PVT present with abdominal pain and disturbed intestinal motility. In the absence of cirrhosis anticoagulation with heparin is established followed by oral anticoagulation. In severe cases, surgical thrombectomy or transjugular thrombolysis with stent shunt may be necessary. Acute or fulminant BCS may require emergency liver transplantation or a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt, if patients present with acute liver failure. Milder cases receive anticoagulation for thrombolysis of occluded hepatic veins. Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is diagnosed after total body irradiation or chemotherapy, the term SOS replacing the former veno-occlusive disease. The treatment of congenital vascular malformations, complications in the setting of OLTX as well as patients with hepatic involvement of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia requires significant expertise in a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:21667100

Ochs, A

2011-07-01

142

Gastrointestinal complications of gastrocystoplasty.  

PubMed Central

The cases are reported of five children with chronic renal failure who underwent gastrocystoplasty for a variety of urological disorders. Gastrocystoplasty comprises the transplantation of a vascularised segment of stomach to the bladder to form an augmented neobladder. The patients had gastrointestinal complications after the operation, including considerable weight loss in all five patients, accompanied by marked failure to thrive in four of the five patients, and food aversion, feeding intolerance, dumping syndrome, delayed gastric emptying, and oesophagitis in two patients. Three of the five patients developed severe abdominal pain and haemorrhagic cystitis secondary to gastric acid secretion in the neobladder from the transplanted gastric pedicle. Nutritional and pharmacological interventions were used to manage the gastrointestinal problems. Explanations are offered for the pathophysiology of the observed complications of gastrocystoplasty. It is believed that the use of this procedure in infants and children, particularly those with chronic renal failure and uraemia, warrants caution until successful long term follow up and experience with this procedure have been reported. PMID:1444527

Gold, B D; Bhoopalam, P S; Reifen, R M; Harvey, E; Marcon, M A

1992-01-01

143

Complications in periocular rejuvenation.  

PubMed

Thorough preoperative evaluation with meticulous surgical planning to achieve facial aesthetic balance between the forehead, eyelids, and midface is imperative to avoid or decrease potential functional and/or cosmetic complications in cosmetic periocular surgery. Before performing surgery, the physician should be aware of the patient's history of dry eyes, previous facial trauma, previous injection of Botox Cosmetic, history of previous laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, and past facial surgery. A full evaluation should be performed on the upper eyelid/brow region to assess for the presence of brow ptosis, brow/eyelid asymmetry, dermatochalasis/pseudodermatochalasis, eyelid ptosis, and deep superior sulcus. On the lower eyelid/cheek examination, special attention should be directed to the diagnosis of underlying negative vector, dry eyes, prominent eyes, lower lid retraction, ectropion, lateral canthal dystopia, lower eyelid laxity, scleral show, and lagophthalmos, with a rejuvenation goal that focuses on obtaining a youthful fullness through repositioning and reinforcing efforts to avoid the negative effects of hollowness. Intraoperative and postoperative medical and surgical management of cosmetic periocular surgery complications focus on decreasing the risk of postoperative ptosis, lagophthalmos, lid retraction, and lid asymmetry, with special attention to limiting the risk of visual loss secondary to orbital hemorrhage. PMID:20659676

Mack, William P

2010-08-01

144

Zebrafish sex: a complicated affair  

PubMed Central

In this review, we provide a detailed overview of studies on the elusive sex determination (SD) and gonad differentiation mechanisms of zebrafish (Danio rerio). We show that the data obtained from most studies are compatible with polygenic sex determination (PSD), where the decision is made by the allelic combinations of several loci. These loci are typically dispersed throughout the genome, but in some teleost species a few of them might be located on a preferential pair of (sex) chromosomes. The PSD system has a much higher level of variation of SD genotypes both at the level of gametes and the sexual genotype of individuals, than that of the chromosomal sex determination systems. The early sexual development of zebrafish males is a complicated process, as they first develop a ‘juvenile ovary’, that later undergoes a transformation to give way to a testis. To date, three major developmental pathways were shown to be involved with gonad differentiation through the modulation of programmed cell death. In our opinion, there are more pathways participating in the regulation of zebrafish gonad differentiation/transformation. Introduction of additional powerful large-scale genomic approaches into the analysis of zebrafish reproduction will result in further deepening of our knowledge as well as identification of additional pathways and genes associated with these processes in the near future. PMID:24148942

Liew, Woei Chang

2014-01-01

145

Postoperative pulmonary complications updating.  

PubMed

Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are a major contributor to the overall risk of surgery. PPCs affect the length of hospital stay and are associated with a higher in-hospital mortality. PPCs are even the leading cause of death either in cardiothoracic surgery but also in non-cardiothoracic surgery. Thus, reliable PPCs risk stratification tools are the key issue of clinical decision making in the perioperative period. When the risk is clearly identified related to the patient according the ARISCAT score and/or the type of surgery (mainly thoracic and abdominal), low-cost preemptive interventions improve outcomes and new strategies can be developed to prevent this risk. The EuSOS, PERISCOPE and IMPROVE studies demonstrated this care optimization by risk identification first, then risk stratification and new care (multifaceted) strategies implementation allowing a decrease in PPCs mortality by optimizing the clinical path of the patient and the care resources. PMID:25168300

Langeron, O; Carreira, S; le Saché, F; Raux, M

2014-01-01

146

Gastrointestinal complications after ischemic stroke.  

PubMed

Ischemic stroke is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, and currently the leading cause of adult disability in developed countries. Stroke is associated with various non-neurological medical complications, including infections and thrombosis. Gastrointestinal complications after stroke are also common, with over half of all stroke patients presenting with dysphagia, constipation, fecal incontinence or gastrointestinal bleeding. These complications are associated with increased hospital length of stay, the development of further complications and even increased mortality. In this article we review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, management and prevention of the most common gastrointestinal complications associated with ischemic stroke. PMID:25214444

Camara-Lemarroy, Carlos R; Ibarra-Yruegas, Beatriz E; Gongora-Rivera, Fernando

2014-11-15

147

[Management, and prevention, of intravesical therapy complications.  

PubMed

The urologist must prevent, identify and properly treat the complications of intravesical chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Both local and systemic toxicity of adjuvant intravesical therapy is herein analyzed. Topical toxicity is mainly due to the inflammation induced by the contact between the instilled agent and the bladder mucosa. MATERIAL AND METHODS. The factors predisposing to topical toxicity must be identified and removed before starting the treatment. The choice of the agent, its dose, concentration and dosage must be tailored, whenever possible, to the presence of the above mentioned factors. Mitomycin and BCG can rarely provoke chronic cystitis, severely compromising bladder function. RESULTS. The most dangerous complication of early intravesical chemotherapy is the instillation in presence of an unrecognized bladder perforation. Flu-like syndrome, fever, chills, arthralgia are reported in almost 20% of patients receiving BCG. If fever persists for more than 48 hours or exceeds 38.5 °C, isoniazid must be administered and BCG stopped until complete remission. BCG sepsis is a rare but severe complication that must be promptly recognized and treated. If not, a life-threatening multi-organ failure syndrome can arise. Isoniazid and rifampicin, adding ethambutol when required, must be administered for a prolonged period until complete remission. CONCLUSIONS. Granulomatous lesions represent the main other rare systemic complications of BCG therapy. Systemic toxicity of intravesical chemotherapy is rare, due to the high molecular weight of the drugs, limiting systemic absorption. PMID:21086325

Serretta, V

148

Dermatological complications of obesity.  

PubMed

Obesity is a health problem of considerable magnitude in the Western world. Dermatological changes have been reported in patients with obesity, including: acanthosis nigricans and skin tags (due to insulin resistance); hyperandrogenism; striae due to over extension; stasis pigmentation due to peripheral vascular disease; lymphedema; pathologies associated with augmented folds; morphologic changes in the foot anatomy due to excess load; and complications that may arise from hospitalization. Acanthosis nigricans plaques can be managed by improved control of hyperinsulinemia; the vitamin D3 analog calcipitriol has also been shown to be effective. Skin tags can be removed by snipping with curved scissors, by cryotherapy or by electrodesiccation. Hyperandrogenism, a result of increased production of endogenous androgens due to increased volumes of adipose tissue (which synthesizes testosterone) and hyperinsulinemia (which increases the production of ovarian androgens) needs to be carefully assessed to ensure disorders such as virilizing tumors and congenital adrenal hyperplasia are treated appropriately. Treatment of hyperandrogenism should be centred on controlling insulin levels; weight loss, oral contraceptive and antiandrogenic therapies are also possible treatment options. The etiology of striae distensae, also known as stretch marks, is yet to be defined and treatment options are unsatisfactory at present; striae rubra and alba have been treated with a pulsed dye laser with marginal success. The relationship between obesity and varicose veins is controversial; symptoms are best prevented by the use of elastic stockings. Itching and inflammation associated with stasis pigmentation, the result of red blood cells escaping into the tissues, can be treated with corticosteroids. Lymphedema is associated with dilatation of tissue channels, reduced tissue oxygenation and provides a culture medium for bacterial growth. Lymphedema treatment is directed towards reducing the limb girth and weight, and the prevention of infection. Intertrigo is caused by friction between skin surfaces, combined with moisture and warmth, resulting in infection. This infection, most commonly candidiasis, is best treated with topical antifungal agents; systemic antifungal therapy may be required in some patients. Excess load on the feet can result in morphological changes that require careful diagnosis; insoles may offer some symptom relief while control of obesity is achieved. Obesity-related dermatoses associated with hospitalization, such as pressure ulcers, diminished wound healing, dermatoses secondary to respiratory conditions, and incontinence, must all be carefully managed with an emphasis on prevention where possible. Recognition and control of the dermatological complications of obesity play an important role in diminishing the morbidity of obesity. PMID:12180897

García Hidalgo, Linda

2002-01-01

149

Hematologic Complications of Pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy induces a number of physiologic changes that affect the hematologic indices, either directly or indirectly. Recognizing and treating hematologic disorders that occur during pregnancy is difficult owing to the paucity of evidence available to guide consultants. This paper specifically reviews the diagnosis and management of benign hematologic disorders occurring during pregnancy. Anemia secondary to iron deficiency is the most frequent hematologic complication and is easily treated with oral iron formulations,; however care must be taken not to miss other causes of anemia, such as sickle cell disease. Thrombocytopenia is also a common reason for consulting the hematologist and distinguishing gestational thrombocytopenia from immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is essential since the treatment differs widely. Occasionally the management of mother and infant involves the expeditious recognition of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), a condition that is responsible for severe life-threatening bleeding of the newborn. Additionally, inherited and acquired bleeding disorders affect pregnant women disproportionately and often require careful monitoring of coagulation parameters in order to prevent bleeding in the puerperium. Finally, venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy is still largely responsible for mortality during pregnancy and the diagnosis, treatment options and guidelines for prevention of VTE during pregnancy are explored. PMID:23953339

Townsley, Danielle M.

2013-01-01

150

Pulmonary complications of AIDS: radiologic features. [AIDS  

SciTech Connect

Fifty-two patients with pulmonary complications of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were studied over a 3-year period. The vast majority of the patients were homosexual; however, a significant number were intravenous drug abusers. Thirteen different organisms were noted, of which Pneumocystis carinii was by far the most common. Five patients had neoplasia. Most patients had initial abnormal chest films; however, eight patients subsequently shown to have Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia had normal chest films. A significant overlap in chest radiographic findings was noted among patients with different or multiple organisms. Lung biopsy should be an early consideration for all patients with a clinical history consistent with the pulmonary complications of AIDS. Of the 52 patients, 41 had died by the time this report was completed.

Cohen, B.A.; Pomeranz, S.; Rabinowitz, J.G.; Rosen, M.J.; Train, J.S.; Norton, K.I.; Mendelson, D.S.

1984-07-01

151

Proarrhythmia, a serious complication of antiarrhythmic drugs.  

PubMed

Aggravation of arrhythmia with antiarrhythmic drugs is not an infrequent side effect associated with antiarrhythmic drugs. Defined as the provocation of a new arrhythmia or a significant increase in the frequency of a preexisting arrhythmia, it occurs with all antiarrhythmic agents, although the incidence varies from 6% to 23% with the different drugs. In general, arrhythmia aggravation is an early event, occurring within the first several days of initiating drugs therapy. It has been found, however, that this complication can also occur as a late event, particularly in patients who have evidence of ongoing ischemia that may be overt or silent. Although there is no good way to predict the patient who is likely to experience this complication, it has been observed that there several predictors of an increased risk for experiencing arrhythmia aggravation including significant underlying heart disease, congestive heart failure, evidence of active or potentially active ischemia, and electrolyte abnormalities, particularly hypokalemia. PMID:10980856

Podrid, P J

1999-11-01

152

Complications at the Time of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation  

PubMed Central

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) improves the prognosis of patients with severe aortic stenosis who are deemed too high risk for surgical valve replacement.1 However, this evolving technology is associated with a wide range of potential complications — some specific to TAVI, some often fatal. Prevention, early recognition, and effective treatment of these complications will significantly improve the outcome of this procedure and are essential prerequisites before the therapy is extended to lower-risk patient subsets. PMID:22891127

Brecker, Stephen J.D.; Roy, David; Jahangiri, Marjan

2012-01-01

153

Hepatic Subcapsular Biloma: A Rare Complication of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy  

PubMed Central

The development of an intra-abdominal bile collection (biloma) is an infrequent complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). These bilomas develop in the subhepatic space most often secondary to iatrogenic injury of the extrahepatic ducts. We present a case of hepatic subcapsular biloma following LC and we discuss its etiology and management. Early diagnosis is crucial and percutaneous drainage under CT guidance should be employed to resolve this complication. PMID:25177507

Georganas, Marios; Delaporta, Eirini; Karallas, Emmanouil; Koutsopoulos, Konstantinos

2014-01-01

154

Gastrointestinal complications of oncologic therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gastrointestinal complications are common in patients undergoing various forms of cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and molecular-targeted therapies. Many of these complications are life-threatening and require prompt diagnosis and treatment. Complications of oncologic therapy can occur in the esophagus (esophagitis, strictures, bacterial, viral and fungal infections), upper gastrointestinal tract (mucositis, bleeding, nausea and vomiting), colon (diarrhea, graft–versus–host disease, colitis

Marta Davila; Robert S Bresalier

2008-01-01

155

[Hyponatremia - carbamazepine medication complications].  

PubMed

Hyponatremia can be defined like the low sodium concentration, lower that 135 mmol/l. It becomes really serious when the concentration is lower than 120 mmol/l. The most frequent causes of hyponatremia are: the extrarenal loss (GIT, skin, bleeding, sequestration), the renal loss (diuretics, nephritis with the salt loss, osmotical diuresis, the Addison disease), hypothyroidism, the lack of glucocorticoids, emotional stress, pain, pseudohyponatremia (incorrect taking, dyslipoproteinemia). There is fatigue, exhaustion, headache and vertigoes dominating in the clinical record file. By the deficit increasing a patient becomes delirious, comatose even with the shock development. It is necessary to separate sufficient supply of sodium from much more often reason, which is loss of sodium which can be caused by: excessive sweating, vomitting with the metabolical alkalosis development, diarrhoea with the metabolical acidosis development, renal losses (a phase of renal failure). Treatment of hyponatremia: intensive treatment starts at the level of plasmatic concentration of sodium under 120 mmol/l or when neurological symptoms of brain oedema are present. In the therapy it is necessary to avoid fast infusions of hypertonic saline solutions (3-5% NaCl solutions) because of the danger of the development of serious CNS complications (intracranial bleeding, etc.). It is recommended to adjust the plasmatic concentration of sodium up to 120 mmol/l during the first four hours and a subsequent correction should not be higher than 2 mmol per an hour. Treatment of the basic illness is very important. We present 2 case histories: a 74-year old female patient and a 69-year old female patient both with the hyponatremia caused by taking of carbamazepine. We want to inform and warn about not only a well known side effect during long-term treatment but about hyponatremia that arose within 48 hours after the start of taking medicine as well. PMID:22448705

Dedinská, I; Ma?ka, V; Ságová, I; Klimentová, A; Makovický, P; Polko, J; Sadlo?ová, J; Moká?, M

2012-01-01

156

[Medical complications of extracorporeal lithotripsy].  

PubMed

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the most frequently applied procedures for the treatment of urolithiasis. ESWL breaks and splits stones by the means of repeated acoustic shock waves. Despite its non invasive nature, ESWL has been intuitively associated with potential complications, mostly related to residual stone fragments. While non stone-related complications are rare (< 1 %), awareness and identification of these complications could help clinicians to prevent and manage them safely and effectively. The current study reviews the pathophysiology, predicting factors and possible preventive measures of non stone-related medical complications after ESWL. PMID:23951856

Legrand, F; Idrissi Kaitouni, M; Roumeguère, T

2013-01-01

157

Complications in Ankle Fracture Surgery.  

E-print Network

??Mikko Ovaska. Complications in Ankle Fracture Surgery. Helsinki Bone and Joint Research Group, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki,… (more)

Ovaska, Mikko

2014-01-01

158

Complications of Groin Hernia Repair: Their Prevention and Management  

PubMed Central

An estimated overall complication rate of approximately ten percent is found in the half million patients who annually undergo groin hernia repair in the United States. Certain features in the operative technique are emphasized which should prevent many of these complications. Intraoperative complications during the groin hernia repair are primarily hemorrhage and injury to the vas deferens, the three nerves in the area, the vascular supply of the testis, and the abdominal and pelvic viscera. Miscellaneous intraoperative complications relate to problems associated with the repair of massive hernias, missed hernia, and the loss of strangulated bowel into the abdominal cavity. Early postoperative complications may be either systemic or local with cardiac and respiratory conditions comprising the former group. The early local complications are primarily wound problems of infection, hematoma formation, and scrotal swelling involving the skin and testis. High ligation in excision of the sac in all hernias, repair of the defect in the plane of its occurrence, and suture of fascia to fascia in the same plane without tension are the basic tenets of inguinal hernia repair which should result in a low incidence of recurrence. The most effective prophylactic measures necessary for the prevention of complications considered are a thorough knowledge of inguinofemoral anatomy, mature surgical judgment, and meticulous surgical technique. PMID:691083

Gaines, Ray D.

1978-01-01

159

Complications after procedures of photorefractive keratectomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the saveness of the PRK procedures. Material and method: 151 eyes after PRK for correction of myopia and 112 after PRK for correction of myopic astigmatism were examined. All PRK procedures have been performed with an excimer laser manufactured by Aesculap Meditec. Results: Haze, regression, decentration infection and overcorrection were found. Conclusions: The most often complication is regression. Corneal inflammation in the early postoperative period may cause the regression or haze. The greater corrected refractive error the greater haze degree. Haze decreases with time.

Gierek-Ciaciura, Stanislawa

1998-10-01

160

Neoaortic thrombus after norwood procedure: complication of extracorporeal life support?  

PubMed

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is the most common diagnosis among infants requiring cardiac extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the neonatal period, with more than half of patients experiencing an ECLS-related complication. We present a case of nearly obstructing neoaortic thrombus during ECLS occurring in the early postoperative period after modified Norwood palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Stasis within the neoaortic root due to the increased ventricular afterload associated with venoarterial ECLS may have potentiated this complication. Echocardiographic monitoring and early cardiac catheterization while on ECLS enabled prompt diagnosis and timely surgical correction. PMID:25639418

Mesher, Andrew L; Hermsen, Joshua L; Rubio, Agustin E; Chen, Jonathan M; McMullan, David Michael

2015-02-01

161

Medical complications of bulimia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a prevalent illness. There are multiple different medical complications that impact the overall treatment plan and prognosis of these patients. Practitioners should be alert for medical complications that are a direct result of the mode of purging behavior utilized by the bulimic patient. The treatment will proceed most smoothly if the primary care physician and the

Laura M. Lasater; Philip S. Mehler

2001-01-01

162

Major Depression and Complicated Grief  

MedlinePLUS

... SEE A LIST » Grief, mourning, and bereavement Major depression and complicated grief Coping with loss Helping someone who is grieving Grief ... Previous Topic Grief, mourning, and bereavement Next Topic Coping with loss Major depression and complicated grief Depression It’s common for people ...

163

[Complications caused by intravenous therapy].  

PubMed

Nursing professionals must know everything related to complications caused by intravenous therapy including the ways to prevent and solve these complications. We need not forget that nurses are the ones mainly responsible for the insertion, manipulation, removal and care of catheters. PMID:16363113

Quirós Luque, José María; Gago Fornells, Manuel

2005-11-01

164

Nonmotor complications in Parkinson's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parkinson's disease (PD) is most often considered a disorder of movement. Whereas bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor, and postural instability result in disability, nonmotor complications in PD may be of equal or greater significance in some patients. This review will discuss many of the nonmotor complications in PD, Although the majority of problems for Parkinson's disease patients are thought to be motor

Charles H. Adler

2005-01-01

165

Traumatic abdominal hernia complicated by necrotizing fasciitis.  

PubMed

Necrotizing fasciitis is a critical illness involving skin and soft tissues, which may develop after blunt abdominal trauma causing abdominal wall hernia and representing a great challenge for physicians. A 52-year-old man was brought to the emergency department after a road accident, presenting blunt abdominal trauma with a large non-reducible mass in the lower-right abdomen. A first, CT showed abdominal hernia without signs of complication. Three hours after ICU admission, he developed hemodynamic instability. Therefore, a new CT scan was requested, showing signs of hernia complication. He was moved to the operating room where a complete transversal section of an ileal loop was identified. Five hours after surgery, he presented a new episode of hemodynamic instability with signs of skin and soft tissue infection. Due to the high clinical suspicion of necrotizing fasciitis development, wide debridement was performed. Following traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH), patients can present unsuspected injuries in abdominal organs. Helical CT can be falsely negative in the early moments, leading to misdiagnosis. Necrotizing fasciitis is a potentially fatal infection and, consequently, resuscitation measures, wide-spectrum antibiotics, and early surgical debridement are required. This type of fasciitis can develop after blunt abdominal trauma following wall hernia without skin disruption. PMID:25541927

Martínez-Pérez, Aleix; Garrigós-Ortega, Gonzalo; Gómez-Abril, Segundo Ángel; Martí-Martínez, Eva; Torres-Sánchez, Teresa

2014-11-01

166

Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis to determine the diagnostic performance of serum haptoglobin concentration for the diagnosis of acute puerperal metritis in dairy cows.  

PubMed

Acute puerperal metritis (APM) in dairy cows is characterized by fever and fetid vaginal discharge within 21 days in milk (DIM). Increased serum haptoglobin concentration (Hp) can support the diagnosis of APM. However, there is a dearth of information of the test performance of Hp as a measure for APM with a consistent definition and considering parity. The objective of this trial was to study the test performance of Hp to distinguish healthy cows from cows with APM. A total of 33 of 60 (55.0%) primiparous cows and 43 of 133 (32.3%) multiparous cows developed APM. Primiparous cows with APM had the greatest Hp. However, in primiparous cows Hp did not significantly differ between healthy cows (DIM 2: 1.49 ± 0.64 mg/mL; DIM 5: 2.13 ± 0.66 mg/mL; DIM 10: 1.46 ± 0.85 mg/mL) and cows with APM (DIM 2: 1.78 ± 0.62 mg/mL; DIM 5: 2.48 ± 0.64 mg/mL; DIM 10: 1.60 ± 0.81 mg/mL). In multiparous cows, Hp was greater in cows with APM (DIM 2: 1.27 ± 0.68 mg/mL; DIM 5: 1.89 ± 0.94 mg/mL; DIM 10: 1.23 ± 0.78 mg/mL) than in healthy cows (DIM 2: 0.99 ± 0.68 mg/mL; DIM 5: 1.10 ± 0.80 mg/mL; DIM 10: 0.83 ± 0.68 mg/mL). Sensitivity and specificity of Hp to diagnose APM in multiparous cows ranged from 72% to 79% and 54% to 71% on DIM 2, 5 and 10, respectively. PMID:25128191

Burfeind, O; Sannmann, I; Voigtsberger, R; Heuwieser, W

2014-10-01

167

Airway complications after lung transplantation.  

PubMed

Airway complications after lung transplantation present a formidable challenge to the lung transplant team, ranging from mere unusual images to fatal events. The exact incidence of complications is wide-ranging depending on the type of event, and there is still evolution of a universal characterization of the airway findings. Management is also wide-ranging. Simple observation or simple balloon bronchoplasty is sufficient in many cases, but vigilance following more severe necrosis is required for late development of both anastomotic and nonanastomotic airway strictures. Furthermore, the impact of coexisting infection, rejection, and medical disease associated with high-level immunosuppression further complicates care. PMID:25430430

Machuzak, Michael; Santacruz, Jose F; Gildea, Thomas; Murthy, Sudish C

2015-01-01

168

[Urologic complications after radical hysterectomy].  

PubMed

From 1981-1984, in cases of the carcinoma of the cervix uteri, 174 radical abdominal and 29 radical vaginal hysterectomies were performed. Prior the surgery, there were 6.4% of pathologic urograms in the patients. After it, applying the Wertheim method, temporary hydronephrosis was recorded in 32.5%, lasting hydronephrosis in 9.8%, and fistulas in 2.5% of patients. Lasting complications developed also several year following the treatment. Subsequent surgery due to urologic complications included 19 patients having been treated by a combined therapy, surgery and radiation. More complications were observed after combined therapy applied in 58.6% of cases. PMID:2640270

Lukanovic, A; Rakar, S

1989-01-01

169

Surgical Complications After Implant Placement.  

PubMed

Placement of dental implants in the maxillofacial region is routine and considered safe. However, as with any surgical procedure, complications occur. Many issues that arise at surgery can be traced to the preoperative evaluation of the patient and assessment of the underlying anatomy. In this article, the authors review some common and uncommon complications that can occur during and shortly after implant placement. The emphasis of each section is on the management and prevention of complications that may occur during implant placement. PMID:25434559

Camargo, Igor Batista; Van Sickels, Joseph E

2015-01-01

170

[Rehabilitation methods for children with complicated cataract].  

PubMed

The work deals with the results of surgical treatment of 155 patients, who had uveal cataract, by method of facoemulsification with artificial crystalline lens transplanting. The age of the sick varied from 3 to 15 as a result of a complex treatment, involving determination of ethnic factor in the development of uveal cataract, before- and after-operation conservative medical treatment, surgical treatment of abscuration ambliopia 78.1% children and the keenness of sight 0.4 and 68.7% got binocularious sight. The study lot of posttraumatic cataract affected children included 189 patients, from them 68 with stationary cataract, 87 with intumescent cataract and 34 with postoperatorial aphakia. Age from 2 to 15 years. 76.3% cases of evolution without postoperatorial complications, in 13.7% intraoperatorial were observed different complications. The work presents the results of surgical treatment 196 of children, who had innate cataract, by the method of facoasoriation with soft intra-eyepiece lens transplanting from 133 patients who had two-sided cataract, 63 had monolateral cataract. All children underwent laser simulation and videocomputer auto-training in post-operation period. As a result of the treatment, 66.8% patients got the amelioration of sight with 0.4, and 58% got binocular sight. The children's age varied between 6 months and 15 years. This article presents a review of the treatment results of 213 children with posttraumatic, congenital and complicated cataracts. The rehabilitation of the patients with the lens pathology includes a complex of measures of early diagnosis, surgery, optimal correction, medical treatment before and after surgery, the prophilaxis and treatment of complications. This approach permits to increase the visual acuity in 83.8% and to restore the binocular vision in 71.4% patients. PMID:21137197

Ivanov, G; Cu?nir, V; Septichina, Natalia; Cu?nir, Vitalie

2010-01-01

171

Cancer in an ileoanal reservoir: a new late complication?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The functional success rate of the ileoanal reservoir procedure for ulcerative colitis is quite high. Despite the few early and late complications described there is now wide-spread acceptance of this procedure in the management of ulcerative colitis. We report a patient who developed an adenocarcinoma in the rectal cuff four years after having a pelvic pouch procedure. This new late

H Stern; S Walfisch; B Mullen; R McLeod; Z Cohen

1990-01-01

172

Necrotising fasciitis as a complication of steroid injection.  

PubMed Central

Necrotising fasciitis is described as a complication of steroid injection of a painful shoulder in a previously well female. This case highlights a very rare life threatening emergency after steroid injection. Early recognition, resuscitation, and aggressive surgical management are essential to prevent mortality in this condition. Images p53-a PMID:9023629

Birkinshaw, R; O'Donnell, J; Sammy, I

1997-01-01

173

Necrotising fasciitis as a complication of steroid injection.  

PubMed

Necrotising fasciitis is described as a complication of steroid injection of a painful shoulder in a previously well female. This case highlights a very rare life threatening emergency after steroid injection. Early recognition, resuscitation, and aggressive surgical management are essential to prevent mortality in this condition. PMID:9023629

Birkinshaw, R; O'Donnell, J; Sammy, I

1997-01-01

174

Maternal complications in diabetic pregnancy.  

PubMed

Pregnant women with diabetes have to manage both the effect of pregnancy on glucose control and its effect on pre-existing diabetic complications. Most women experience hypoglycaemia as a consequence of tightened glycaemic control and this impacts on daily living. Less commonly, diabetic ketoacidosis, a serious metabolic decompensation of diabetic control and a medical emergency, can cause foetal and maternal mortality. Microvascular complications of diabetes include retinopathy and nephropathy. Retinopathy can deteriorate during pregnancy; hence, regular routine examination is required and, if indicated, ophthalmological input. Diabetic nephropathy significantly increases the risk of obstetric complications and impacts on foetal outcomes. Pregnancy outcome is closely related to pre-pregnancy renal function. Diabetic pregnancy is contraindicated if the maternal complications of ischaemic heart disease or diabetic gastropathy are known to be present before pregnancy as there is a significant maternal mortality associated with both of these conditions. PMID:21130689

Hawthorne, Gillian

2011-02-01

175

Unusual Complications of Quinalphos Poisoning  

PubMed Central

This 40-year-old man was treated for suicidal quinalphos 25%EC consumption. He developed intermediate syndrome with normal response to repetitive nerve stimulation, pancreatitis with high enzyme elevations, and normal computed tomography and excreted black, brown, and orange urine sequentially over the first nine days of hospitalization. The last complication has not been previously reported with any organophosphate compound. He finally succumbed to complication of ventilator associated pneumonia related septic shock and ventricular tachycardia. PMID:23762661

Viswanathan, Stalin

2013-01-01

176

The management of complicated glaucoma  

PubMed Central

Complicated glaucomas present considerable diagnostic and management challenges. Response to treatment can be unpredictable or reduced compared with other glaucomas. However, target intraocular pressure and preservation of vision may be achieved with selected medical, laser and surgical treatment. The evidence for such treatment is expanding and consequently affords clinicians a better understanding of established and novel techniques. Herein we review the mechanisms involved in the development of complicated glaucoma and the current evidence supporting its management. PMID:21150026

Clement, C I; Goldberg, Ivan

2011-01-01

177

Pleural complications of hydatid disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to review pleural and pericardial complications of patients with hydatid cysts and to analyze the management of therapy for these patients. Methods: Between 1991 and 2001, 43 (29.7%) of 145 patients presented with pleural and pericardial complications. These patients had spontaneous pneumothorax (6.2%), empyema (7.6%), pleural thickening (10.3%), hepatopleural fistula (2.8%), pericarditis

Olgun Kadir Aribas; Fikret Kanat; Niyazi Gormus; Emel Turk

2002-01-01

178

[Diagnosis of stroke due to cocaine and its complications].  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION. Cocaine is an independent cerebrovascular risk factor both for ischaemic and haemorrhagic events, above all among persons under 55 years of age. CASE REPORT. A case report of stroke due to the consumption of cocaine is used to review its pathophysiology and the complexity involved in the management and diagnosis of the associated complications. One of these complications reported in relation to the consumption of cocaine is vasospasm. This condition shares findings observed in ultrasound imaging studies with other conditions, such as early-onset post ischaemic hyperperfusion. Yet, there are important differences between the two as regards their treatment and prognosis. CONCLUSIONS. The consumption of cocaine is associated with cerebrovascular disease through a number of different mechanisms, which each give rise to different complications. By identifying these complications, correct management can be implemented. PMID:23884871

Larrosa-Campo, D; Ramon-Carbajo, C; Benavente-Fernandez, L; Alvarez-Escudero, R; Zeidan-Ramon, N; Calleja-Puerta, S; Pascual, J

2013-08-16

179

Management of the complications of BPH/BOO  

PubMed Central

Most men will develop histological BPH if they live long enough. Approximately, half will develop benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) and about half of these will get BOO with high bladder pressures and low flow, this in turn leads to detrusor wall hypertrophy. Many of these men will only have lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) but a significant number will also suffer the other complications of BPH. These include urinary retention (acute and chronic), haematuria, urinary tract infection, bladder stones, bladder wall damage, renal dysfunction, incontinence and erectile dysfunction. Recognition of the complications of BPH/BOO early allows more effective management of these complications. This is particularly important for the more serious urinary infections and also for high-pressure chronic retention (HPCR). Complications of LUTS/BPH are very rare in clinical trials because of their strict inclusion and exclusion criteria but are more common in real life practice. PMID:24744522

Speakman, Mark J.; Cheng, Xi

2014-01-01

180

Urological surgery in elderly patients: results and complications  

PubMed Central

Purpose Owing to the large aging population, a growing number of elderly patients are undergoing surgical treatment. Surgical procedures in elderly patients are associated with a higher risk of complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of urological surgeries in old patients. Methods The authors carried out a retrospective study, evaluating results and early postoperative complications in patients aged 75 years and older. The cohort of patients included 221 patients who underwent surgical procedures in the department of urology between January 2011 and December 2012. The average age of patients was 78. The results and complications were categorized based on the type of surgery performed, and the Dindo–Clavien scale. Results The median follow-up was 18 months. All surgeries for malignant tumors were performed successfully with no residual disease. Totally, 48 (22%) complications were recorded. The most serious were as follows: one patient (<0.5%) died; and four (<2%) patients underwent reoperation. The most common complications involved infection, mainly sepsis and surgical site infections. Other complications included mild respiratory insufficiency, delirium, bleeding, etc. Conclusion Surgeries in elderly patients were effective and safe. The cornerstone of safety is careful preparation and treatment of comorbidities. Complications occurred mainly as a result of emergency procedures during emergency procedures and in major surgeries such as cystectomy and nephrectomy. The standard use of low molecular-weight heparin caused no incidence of thromboembolic disease. PMID:25673978

Brodak, Milos; Tomasek, Jan; Pacovsky, Jaroslav; Holub, Lukas; Husek, Petr

2015-01-01

181

Early Algebra, Early Arithmetic  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers a variety of early algebra resources for teachers in grades 1-6, parents, researchers, policy makers, administrators, and curriculum developers. Site includes early algebra activities, handouts and overheads in PDF format (requires Acrobat Reader), articles, short reviews of articles and books focusing on early math and early algebra, news and events, and more. A valuable source for pre algebra activities in the elementary classroom.

National Science Foundation (NSF)

2007-12-12

182

Fasting: The History, Pathophysiology and Complications  

PubMed Central

An appreciation of the physiology of fasting is essential to the understanding of therapeutic dietary interventions and the effect of food deprivation in various diseases. The practice of prolonged fasting for political or religious purposes is increasing, and a physician is likely to encounter such circumstances. Early in fasting weight loss is rapid, averaging 0.9 kg per day during the first week and slowing to 0.3 kg per day by the third week; early rapid weight loss is primarily due to negative sodium balance. Metabolically, early fasting is characterized by a high rate of gluconeogenesis with amino acids as the primary substrates. As fasting continues, progressive ketosis develops due to the mobilization and oxidation of fatty acids. As ketone levels rise they replace glucose as the primary energy source in the central nervous system, thereby decreasing the need for gluconeogenesis and sparing protein catabolism. Several hormonal changes occur during fasting, including a fall in insulin and T3 levels and a rise in glucagon and reverse T3 levels. Most studies of fasting have used obese persons and results may not always apply to lean persons. Medical complications seen in fasting include gout and urate nephrolithiasis, postural hypotension and cardiac arrhythmias. ImagesFigure 4. PMID:6758355

Kerndt, Peter R.; Naughton, James L.; Driscoll, Charles E.; Loxterkamp, David A.

1982-01-01

183

Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC)  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) demonstrated the powerful impact of glycemic control on the early manifestations of microvascular complications. Contemporary prospective data on the evolution of macrovascular and late microvascular complications of type 1 diabetes are limited. The Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study is a multicenter, longitudinal, observational study designed to use the well-characterized DCCT cohort of >1,400 patients to determine the long-term effects of prior separation of glycemic levels on micro- and macrovascular outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using a standardized annual history and physical examination, 28 EDIC clinical centers that were DCCT clinics will follow the EDIC cohort for 10 years. Annual evaluation also includes resting electrocardiogram, Doppler ultrasound measurements of ankle/arm blood pressure, and screening for nephropathy. At regular intervals, a timed 4-h urine is collected, lipid profiles are obtained, and stereoscopic fundus photographs are taken. In addition, dual B-mode Doppler ultrasound scans of the common and internal carotid arteries will be performed at years 1 and 6 and at study end. RESULTS Written informed consent was obtained from 96% of the DCCT subjects. The participants, compared with nonparticipants, tended to have better glycemic control at the completion of the DCCT and were more likely to have their diabetes care provided by DCCT personnel. The EDIC baseline measurement stratified by sex delineates multiple cardiovascular disease risk factor differences such as age (older in men), waist-to-hip ratio (higher in men), HDL cholesterol (lower in men), hypertension (more prevalent in men), and maximum intimal-medial thickness of common and internal carotid arteries (thicker in men). Of the original conventional treatment group, 69% have changed to continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion or multiple daily injections. Although the mean HbA1c difference between the intensive and conventional treatment groups narrowed at EDIC years 1 and 2, HbA1c remained significantly lower in the intensive group. Of all expected clinic visits, 95% were completed, and the quality of EDIC data is very similar to that observed in the DCCT. CONCLUSIONS Although obvious problems exist in extended follow-up studies of completed clinical trials, these are balanced by the value of continued systematic observation of the DCCT cohort. In contrast to other epidemiologic studies, EDIC will provide 1) definitive data on type 1 as distinct from type 2 diabetes; 2) reliance on prospective rather than on cross-sectional analysis; 3) long-term follow-up in a large population; 4) consistent use of objective, reliable measures of outcomes and glycemia; and 5) observation of patients from before the onset of complications. PMID:10333910

2009-01-01

184

Venous complications of pancreatitis: a review.  

PubMed

Pancreatitis is notorious to cause vascular complications. While arterial complications include pseudoaneurysm formation with a propensity to bleed, venous complications can be quite myriad. Venous involvement in pancreatitis often presents with thrombosis. From time to time case reports and series of unusual venous complications associated with pancreatitis have, however, been described. In this article, we review multitudinous venous complications in the setting of pancreatitis and propose a system to classify pancreatitis associated venous complications. PMID:25640778

Aswani, Yashant; Hira, Priya

2015-01-01

185

Managing complications in cirrhotic patients  

PubMed Central

Liver cirrhosis is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. This life-threatening condition usually arises from complications of cirrhosis. While variceal bleeding is the most acute and probably best studied, several other complications of liver cirrhosis are more insidious in their onset but nevertheless more important for the long-term management and outcome of these patients. This review summarizes the topics discussed during the UEG-EASL Hepatology postgraduate course of the United European Gastroenterology Week 2013 and discusses emergency surgical conditions in cirrhotic patients, the management of hepatic encephalopathy, ascites and hepatorenal syndrome, coagulation disorders, and liver cancer. PMID:25653862

Angeli, Paolo; Cordoba, Juan; Farges, Oliver; Valla, Dominique

2015-01-01

186

Acute Pancreatitis Complicating Severe Dengue  

PubMed Central

Dengue is an arthropod borne viral infection endemic in tropical and subtropical continent. Severe dengue is life threatening. Various atypical presentations of dengue have been documented. But we present a rare and fatal complication of severe dengue in form of acute pancreatitis. A 27-year-old male had presented with severe dengue in decompensated shock and with pain in abdomen due to pancreatitis. The pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis in dengue is not clearly understood, but various mechanisms are postulated. The awareness and timely recognition of this complication is very important for proper management. PMID:24926168

Jain, Vishakha; Gupta, OP; Rao, Tarun; Rao, Siddharth

2014-01-01

187

Complications from international surgery tourism.  

PubMed

Medical tourism is an increasing trend, particularly in cosmetic surgery. Complications resulting from these procedures can be quite disruptive to the healthcare industry in the United States since patients often seek treatment and have no compensation recourse from insurance. Despite the increasing number of plastic surgery patients seeking procedures abroad, there have been little reported data concerning outcomes, follow-up, or complication rates. Through a survey of American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) members, the authors provide data on trends to help define the scope of the problem. PMID:21813883

Melendez, Mark M; Alizadeh, Kaveh

2011-08-01

188

[Psychiatric complications of cannabis use].  

PubMed

Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance, especially among young people. Cannabis use is extremely commonplace and frequently comorbid with psychiatric disorders that raise questions about the etiology. The use of cannabis is an aggravating factor of all psychiatric disorders. Psychiatric complications are related to the age of onset, duration of exposure and individual risk factors of the individual (mental and social health). The panic attack is the most common complication. The link with psychosis is narrow that leads to increased prevention for vulnerable populations. Cannabis is also an indicator of increased depressive vulnerability and an aggravating factor for bipolar disorder. PMID:24579344

Coscas, Sarah; Benyamina, Amine; Reynaud, Michel; Karila, Laurent

2013-12-01

189

After a stroke: strategies to restore function and prevent complications.  

PubMed

Mortality and morbidity are high in elderly stroke patients. Early mobilization and prevention of stroke-related complications improve their ability to participate in a more intense and comprehensive rehabilitation program. An interdisciplinary approach to stroke rehabilitation restores functional loss, improves quality of life, and decreases long-term economic costs. Important parts of stroke rehabilitation include patient and family education, treatment of stroke-related complications, and prevention of recurrent stroke. A healthy and caring spouse, continence of bladder and bowel, and ability to feed oneself are the most positive predictors of stroke outcome. PMID:9307573

Reddy, M P; Reddy, V

1997-09-01

190

Current state of the art in management of vascular complications after pediatric liver transplantation.  

PubMed

Vascular complications by compromising the blood flow to the allograft can have significant and sometimes life-threatening consequences after pediatric liver transplantation. High level of suspicion and aggressive utilization of diagnostic modalities can lead to early diagnosis and salvage of the allograft. This review will summarize the current trends in management of vascular complications after pediatric liver transplantation. PMID:25425338

Kamran Hejazi Kenari, Seyed; Mirzakhani, Hooman; Eslami, Mohammad; Saidi, Reza F

2015-02-01

191

Causes and managements of postoperative complications after degenerative scoliosis treatments with internal fixation  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate the causes and managements of early postoperative complications of degenerative scoliosis (DS) treated with internal pedicle screw fixation. Methods: From Jan 2000 to Apr 2013, 325 DS patients treated with internal pedicle screw fixation in our hospital were retrospectively involved. The categories, causes, managements and outcomes of early postoperative complications were statistically analyzed. Results: Early postoperative complications occurred in 10.76% of the patients including 16 cases of lower limb numb or pain, 6 cases of decreased lower limb sensitivity and motor functions, which accounted for 62.86% of all complications, followed by incision infections (4/35, 11.43%) and rare cases of cerebrospinal fluid leakage, cardiac and renal inadequacy, urinary system and pulmonary infections. The incidence of overall complications (19.79%, p = 0.001) and nerve injuries (11.46%, p = 0.000) were significantly higher in long-segment than in short-segment fixations. Improper screw implanting, over correction of scoliosis and insufficient blood supply of the spinal cord during operation were risk factors for early postoperative complications and most of them were cured by anti-infection medication, incision dressing change, nerve nourishment, adjusting the screws and anti-osteoporosis treatments within 6 months after surgery. Only three cases with severe nerve injury did not improve until the 6 months postoperative follow-up. Conclusions: Most of the postoperative complications in our DS patients disappeared within 6 months after surgery and more than half of complications were nerve injuries.

Yang, Yong-Hong; Zheng, Jie; Lou, Shu-Liang

2014-01-01

192

The current role of endourologic management of renal transplantation complications.  

PubMed

Introduction. Complications following renal transplantation include ureteral obstruction, urinary leak and fistula, urinary retention, urolithiasis, and vesicoureteral reflux. These complications have traditionally been managed with open surgical correction, but minimally invasive techniques are being utilized frequently. Materials and Methods. A literature review was performed on the use of endourologic techniques for the management of urologic transplant complications. Results. Ureterovesical anastomotic stricture is the most common long-term urologic complication following renal transplantation. Direct vision endoureterotomy is successful in up to 79% of cases. Urinary leak is the most frequent renal transplant complication early in the postoperative period. Up to 62% of patients have been successfully treated with maximal decompression (nephrostomy tube, ureteral stent, and Foley catheter). Excellent outcomes have been reported following transurethral resection of the prostate shortly after transplantation for patients with urinary retention. Vesicoureteral reflux after renal transplant is common. Deflux injection has been shown to resolve reflux in up to 90% of patients with low-grade disease in the absence of high pressure voiding. Donor-gifted and de novo transplant calculi may be managed with shock wave, ureteroscopic, or percutaneous lithotripsy. Conclusions. Recent advances in equipment and technique have allowed many transplant patients with complications to be effectively managed endoscopically. PMID:24023541

Duty, Brian D; Conlin, Michael J; Fuchs, Eugene F; Barry, John M

2013-01-01

193

Intestinal Stomas and their Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intestinal stomas are openings of the small or large bowel onto the anterior abdominal wall. Stomas may comprise a single intestinal lumen (end), or give access to both an afferent and an efferent lumen (loop). Furthermore, some are temporary, being subsequently reversed, whilst others are permanent. Complications (e.g. parastomal herniation, prolapse, retraction, stenosis) may occur with any of the commonly

NP Lees; J Hill

2003-01-01

194

Complicating the Concept of Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay argues against a simple, reified view of culture as a set of ideas and norms belonging to a group or nation, and considers the implications of a more complicated concept for discussion of world culture and the global/local nexus. Most anthropologists define culture as the making of meaning, with an emphasis on the process itself as…

Anderson-Levitt, Kathryn M.

2012-01-01

195

Respiratory complications of relapsing polychondritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gibson, G. J. and Davis, P. (1974).Thorax, 29, 726-731. Respiratory complications of relapsing polychondritis. The respiratory function of a patient with relapsing polychondritis is described. He had severe airflow obstruction due to disease of both the extra and intrathoracic large airways. Evidence of small airways disease was lacking. The airflow obstruction was probably due to a combination of structural narrowing

G. J. Gibson; P. Davis

1974-01-01

196

Otolaryngologic complications of acute porphyria.  

PubMed

The porphyrias are a group of diseases which may be complicated by acute neurological crises having serious morbidity and a high rate of mortality. We report a case of acute porphyria in which an acute neurological crisis, resulting in loss of laryngeal function, precipitated life-threatening aspiration pneumonia. PMID:6834975

Lewis, M; Kallenbach, J; Hockman, M; Zaltzman, M; Zwi, S

1983-04-01

197

Complications of Therapy with Lysergide  

PubMed Central

All known complications which occurred during and after LSD treatment of 237 psychiatric patients on an open ward of a general hospital are described and classified. The results imply that clinical research with lysergide can be carried out in similar settings with relative safety. PMID:5353149

Denson, R.

1969-01-01

198

A Rare Complication of Septorhinoplasty  

PubMed Central

Summary: Septoplasty and septorhinoplasty are common procedures. A 28-year-old woman underwent the procedure and presented postoperatively with headache and vomiting and had developed a large pneumocephalus. We describe the case in detail and analyze the possible causes and ways to prevent such a complication. PMID:25587507

2014-01-01

199

Facial filler and neurotoxin complications.  

PubMed

Botulinum neuromodulators and injectable dermal fillers have become part of the armamentarium in the treatment of facial aging. Their successful use requires a fundamental knowledge of anatomy and physiology and a sound understanding of their risks and complications. Although neuromodulators and fillers continue to demonstrate a strong record of safety, several notable risks exist. PMID:22723229

Nettar, Kartik; Maas, Corey

2012-06-01

200

Risks and complications in rhinoplasty  

PubMed Central

Rhinoplasty is regarded to be associated with many risks as the expectations of patient and physician are not always corresponding. Besides of postoperative deformities many other risks and complications have to be considered. Reduction-rhinoplasty e.g. can cause breathing disturbances which are reported in 70% of all revision-rhinoplasty-patients. One has to be aware however that scars and loss of mucosal-sensation can also give the feeling of a “blocked nose”. The main risks of autogenous transplants are dislocation and resorption, while alloplasts can cause infection and extrusion. In this respect silicone implants can have a complication rate between 5-20%. Less complications are reported with other materials like Gore-Tex. Complications of skin and soft tissues can be atrophy, fibrosis, numbness, cysts originating from displaced mucosa or subcutaneous granulomas caused by ointment material. Postoperative swelling depends mainly on the osteotomy technique. Percutaneous osteotomies cause less trauma, but may result in visible scars. Infections are rare but sometimes life-threatening (toxic-shock-syndrome). The risk is higher, when sinus surgery and rhinoplasty are combined. Osteotomies can also cause injuries of the orbital region. Necrosis of eye-lids by infections and blindness by central artery occlusion are known. There are reports on various other risks like rhinoliquorrhea, brain damage, fistulas between sinus-cavernosus and carotid artery, aneurysms and thrombosis of the cavernous sinus. Discoloration of incisors are possible by damage of vessels and nerves. Rhinoplasty can also become a court-case in dissatisfied patients, a situation that may be called a “typical complication of rhinoplasty”. It can be avoided by proper patient selection and consideration of psychological disturbances. Postoperative deformities are considered as main risks of rhinoplasty, causing revision surgery in 5% to 15% of the cases. The analysis of postoperative deformities allowes the identification of specific risks. The most frequent postoperative deformity is the “pollybeak” when a deep naso-frontal angle, cartilaginous hump and reduced tip projection are present preoperatively. The pollybeak is the indication in about 50% of all revision rhinoplasties. Other frequent postoperative deformities are a pendant and wide nasal tip, retractions of the columella base or irregularities of the nasal dorsum. These deformities are very often combined and caused by a loss of septal support. This is why the stability of the caudal septum in septorhinoplasty is the key for a predictable result. Maintaining the position of the tip and the columella is one of the main issues to avoid typical postoperative deformities. The risks for rhinoplasty-complications can be reduced with increasing experience. A prerequisite is continuing education and an earnest distinction between complication and mistake. PMID:22073084

Rettinger, Gerhard

2008-01-01

201

Complications of chronic liver disease.  

PubMed

Children with chronic liver disease (CLD) need a head to toe approach and an early suspicion of multi organ involvement. Nutritional assessment and management is the cornerstone of management. Consider immune dysfunction in everyday treatment decisions. Consider early heart-lung-brain involvement in transplant evaluation. PMID:22521556

Tsouka, Alexandra; McLin, Valérie A

2012-06-01

202

Managing complications of posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion.  

PubMed

Complications of posterior spinal instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis are often preventable. Preoperative planning helps to minimize intraoperative and postoperative problems. Late recurrence of rotational deformity (crankshaft) in skeletally immature patients can be prevented by adding anterior surgery. Intraoperative complications are minimized by controlled hypotensive anesthesia and sequencing of surgical steps to allow for autocoagulation, reducing blood loss. Use of spinal cord monitoring, Stagnara wakeup test, and careful distraction decreases the risk of neurologic deficit. Good hook-site preparation helps avoid dural tears. The incidence of postoperative pneumothorax and hemothorax is decreased by careful hook attachment, avoiding pleural penetration, judicious use of rib excision thoracoplasty, and roentgenographic verification of central venous pressure line position. Postoperative recommendations include bed position at 30 degrees, frequent log rolling, incentive spirometry, early sitting and standing, early Foley catheter and nasogastric tube removal, prophylactic antibiotics, and prompt attention to wound infections. Postoperative orthotic wear, prescribed exercise, and activity restriction decrease the risk of early instrumentation failure and help correct early postoperative trunk imbalance. The late complications include suspected pseudarthrosis; this should be surgically treated again if there is persistent pain or marked loss of curve correction. PMID:1395301

Wenger, D R; Mubarak, S J; Leach, J

1992-11-01

203

Complications of immobilization and bed rest. Part 2: Other complications.  

PubMed Central

Prolonged immobilization affects almost every organ system. Respiratory complications include decreased ventilation, atelectasis, and pneumonia. Decreased basal metabolic rate, increased diuresis, natriuresis, and nitrogen and calcium depletion affect metabolism. Genitourinary problems include renal stones and more frequent urinary tract infections. Glucose intolerance, anorexia, constipation, and pressure sores might develop. Central nervous system changes could affect balance and coordination and lead to increasing dependence on caregivers. Images Figure 1 PMID:8324412

Teasell, R.; Dittmer, D. K.

1993-01-01

204

Neurologic complications related to cardiac surgery.  

PubMed

Neurologic complications are a major cause of morbidity, complicating open heart surgery, cardiac catheterization, and interventional techniques. Global or focal brain ischemia related to embolism or hypoperfusion predominates. Breakthrough cerebral hemorrhage and infection can complicate cardiac transplantation. Identifying individuals at risk for cerebrovascular complications may lead to more effective preventative and treatment measures. PMID:1557000

Furlan, A J; Sila, C A; Chimowitz, M I; Jones, S C

1992-02-01

205

Flap complications associated with lamellar refractive surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Corneal lamellar refractive surgery for myopia reduces the risk of corneal haze but adds to the risk of flap complications. We retrospectively determined the incidence of flap complications in the initial series of eyes undergoing lamellar refractive surgery by one surgeon. We assessed the incidence of flap complications overall, the trend in these complications during the surgeon’s learning curve,

Robert T Lin; Robert K Maloney

1999-01-01

206

Digital ischaemia: a rare but severe complication of jellyfish sting.  

PubMed

We report a case of digital ischaemia in a 31-year-old man who presented with sudden hand numbness, swelling, and cyanosis 4 days after a jellyfish sting. This is a rare complication of jellyfish sting, characterised by a delayed but rapid downhill course. Despite serial monitoring with prompt fasciotomy and repeated debridement, he developed progressive ischaemia in multiple digits with gangrenous change. He subsequently underwent major reconstructive surgery and aggressive rehabilitation. Although jellyfish stings are not uncommon, no severe jellyfish envenomation has been reported in the past in Hong Kong and there has not been any consensus on the management of such injuries. This is the first local case report of jellyfish sting leading to serious hand complications. This case revealed that patients who sustain a jellyfish sting deserve particular attention to facilitate early detection of complications and implementation of therapy. PMID:25307077

Lam, Stacey C; Hung, Y W; Chow, Esther C S; Wong, Clara W Y; Tse, W L; Ho, P C

2014-10-01

207

Cardiovascular Complications in CKD Patients: Role of Oxidative Stress  

PubMed Central

Starting with the early stages, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience higher burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Moreover, CVD complications are the major cause of mortality in CKD patients as compared with complications from chronic kidney failure. While traditional CVD risk factors, including diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, physical inactivity, may be more prevalent among CKD patients, these factors seem to underestimate the accelerated cardiovascular disease in the CKD population. Search for additional biomarkers that could explain the enhanced CVD risk in CKD patients has gained increasing importance. Although it is unlikely that any single nontraditional risk factor would fully account for the increased CVD risk in individuals with CKD, oxidative stress appears to play a central role in the development and progression of CVD and its complications. We will review the data that support the contribution of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of CVD in patients with chronic kidney failure. PMID:21253517

Gosmanova, Elvira O.; Le, Ngoc-Anh

2011-01-01

208

Complicated grief after perinatal loss  

PubMed Central

The loss of an infant through stillbirth, miscarriage, or neonatal death is recognized as a traumatic life event. Predictors of development of complicated grief after prenatal loss include lack of social support, pre-existing relationship difficulties, or absence of surviving children, as well as ambivalent attitudes or heightened perception of the reality of the pregnancy. Risk of complicated grief was found to be especially high after termination of a pregnancy due to fetal abnormality. Studies have revealed that men and women show different patterns of grief, potentially exacerbating decline in a relationship. Although it is clear that prenatal loss has a large psychological impact, it is concluded that there is a substantial lack of randomized controlled studies in this field of research, PMID:22754291

Kersting, Anette; Wagner, Birgit

2012-01-01

209

[Cutaneous complications after organ transplantation].  

PubMed

Organ transplant recipients may develop cutaneous complications related to long-term immunosuppressive drug treatment (prednisolone, azathioprine, cyclosporine). These complications are either related to the immunosuppression per se, such as common warts, dermatophytosis, premalignant lesions, and skin cancer, or drug-specific effects, such as acne, rosacea, and hypertrichosis. Organ transplant recipients have a markedly increased risk of developing skin cancer, especially squamous cell carcinoma, but also basal cell carcinoma, Kaposi's sarcoma and malignant melanoma. Patients should be encouraged to avoid sun exposure, a well-known risk factor for skin cancer, and to use sun protection measures. Patients with skin lesions suspected to be malignant should be referred to a dermatologist. Close dermatological follow-up of patients diagnosed with post-transplant skin cancer is essential. PMID:10574059

Gjersvik, P J

1999-10-20

210

Pulmonary complications after spine surgery  

PubMed Central

Spine surgery is one of the fastest growing branches of orthopedic surgery. Patients often present with a relatively high acuity and, depending on surgical approach, morbidity and mortality can be comparatively high. Among the most prevalent and most frequently fatality-bound perioperative complications are those affecting the pulmonary system; evidence of clinical or subclinical lung injury triggered by spine surgical procedures is emerging. Increasing burden of comorbidity among the patient population further increases the likelihood of adverse outcome. This review is intended to give an overview over some of the most important causes of pulmonary complications after spine surgery, their pathophysiology and possible ways to reduce harm associated with those conditions. We discuss factors surrounding surgical trauma, timing of surgery, bone marrow and debris embolization, transfusion associated lung injury, and ventilator associated lung injury. PMID:23293756

Stundner, Ottokar; Taher, Fadi; Pawar, Abhijit; Memtsoudis, Stavros G

2012-01-01

211

[Body piercing complications in otorhinolaryngology].  

PubMed

Piercing is used to designate an ornamentation technique used on skin and mucosa in any site of the body, which consists of perforation and placement of studs, hoops, or earrings for esthetic or attention-seeking purposes. This fashion has spread in Spain in the last decade and although practitioners and users consider it to be inoffensive, we have observed an increasing number of hospital consultations resulting from the placement of such ornaments in ears, nose, tongue and lips. Local infection, bleeding, and contact dermatitis are the most frequent complications. The lack of legislation and health education of the practitioners can be expected to increase the number and intensity of the complications. PMID:9707749

García Callejo, F J; Martínez Beneito, M P; Ortega Navarro, M C

1998-05-01

212

Complications of Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a “Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a unique surgical procedure due to the fact that the surgeon is operating on a healthy\\u000a individual in order to benefit another patient he or she is unlikely managing, with a potential for complications ensuing\\u000a in both the donor and the recipient patients. Overall surgical technique, anatomic considerations, and perioperative management\\u000a remain important for minimizing the

Alexei Wedmid; Michael A. Palese

213

Oral complications in cancer patients  

SciTech Connect

Ionizing radiation used in treating the head and neck area produces oral side effects such as mucositis, salivary changes, trismus and radiation caries. Sequelae of cancer chemotherapy often include oral stomatitis, myelosuppression and immunosuppression. Infections of dental origin in compromised patients are potentially lethal. Specific programs to eliminate dental pathology before radiation and chemotherapy, and to maintain oral hygiene during and after therapy, will minimize these complications.

Carl, W.

1983-02-01

214

Thoracic complications of peritoneal dialysis.  

PubMed

Approximately 20% of the 100,000 patients in the United States currently undergoing dialysis therapy for end-stage renal disease use the technique of peritoneal dialysis. We present a patient on peritoneal dialysis who developed a large posterior mediastinal mass, which on surgical exploration was found to be a paraesophageal hernia sac filled with omentum and dialysis fluid. We use this case as an introduction to review the thoracic complications of peritoneal dialysis. PMID:10355457

Hughes, G C; Ketchersid, T L; Lenzen, J M; Lowe, J E

1999-05-01

215

Complementary medicine for pregnancy complications.  

PubMed

For some women, pregnancy can bring a myriad of distressing symptoms. Nausea affects up to 85% of women during early pregnancy and about half of these women also experience vomiting. For some women, it can be very debilitating. Conventional anti-emetics bring with them a risk of potential teratogenic effects during the critical stage of early pregnancy. Women tend to feel more comfortable taking a natural or herbal substance to help manage these issues. PMID:16969438

Woolhouse, Michelle

2006-09-01

216

Neurologic complications after liver transplantation  

PubMed Central

Neurologic complications are relatively common after solid organ transplantation and affect 15%-30% of liver transplant recipients. Etiology is often related to immunosuppressant neurotoxicity and opportunistic infections. Most common complications include seizures and encephalopathy, and occurrence of central pontine myelinolysis is relatively specific for liver transplant recipients. Delayed allograft function may precipitate hepatic encephalopathy and neurotoxicity of calcineurin inhibitors typically manifests with tremor, headaches and encephalopathy. Reduction of neurotoxic immunosuppressants or conversion to an alternative medication usually result in clinical improvement. Standard preventive and diagnostic protocols have helped to reduce the prevalence of opportunistic central nervous system (CNS) infections, but viral and fungal CNS infections still affect 1% of liver transplant recipients, and the morbidity and mortality in the affected patients remain fairly high. Critical illness myopathy may also affect up to 7% of liver transplant recipients. Liver insufficiency is also associated with various neurologic disorders which may improve or resolve after successful liver transplantation. Accurate diagnosis and timely intervention are essential to improve outcomes, while advances in clinical management and extended post-transplant survival are increasingly shifting the focus to chronic post-transplant complications which are often encountered in a community hospital and an outpatient setting. PMID:24023979

Živkovi?, Saša A

2013-01-01

217

Complications associated with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity: a surgeon’s guide  

PubMed Central

Obesity is a common disease affecting adults and children. The incidence of obesity in Canada is increasing. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a relatively new and effective procedure for weight loss. Owing to an increase in the number of bariatric surgical procedures, general surgeons should have an understanding of the complications associated with LSG and an approach for dealing with them. Early postoperative complications following LSG that need to be identified urgently include bleeding, staple line leak and development of an abscess. Delayed complications include strictures, nutritional deficiencies and gastresophageal reflux disease. We discuss the principles involved in the management of each complication. PMID:24067520

Sarkhosh, Kourosh; Birch, Daniel W.; Sharma, Arya; Karmali, Shahzeer

2013-01-01

218

Complications of Arthroscopic Femoroacetabular Impingement Treatment: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in hip arthroscopy techniques and technology have made it possible in many cases to avoid open surgical\\u000a technique for treating pincer-type and cam-type femoroacetabular impingement and rather treating it arthroscopically. Early\\u000a reports suggest favorable results using arthroscopic techniques. The frequency of complications reported for hip arthroscopy\\u000a for all indications is generally less than 1.5%, suggesting the procedure is

Victor M. Ilizaliturri

2009-01-01

219

[Acute anal fissures in puerperants].  

PubMed

The author shares his experiences with treatment of 236 puerperas with anal fissures. Three types of anal fissures are established. The appearance of anal fissures can be caused by precipitated labor, large fetus, episio- and perineotomy. The main attention in cases with postpartum anal fissures was given to local treatment by different means which included arrest of the pain syndrome and formation of the granulation barrier till the appearance of regular stool and prevention of constipation. Long-term results were good. PMID:10533232

Sariev, A A

1999-01-01

220

Complications of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: MR imaging.  

PubMed

Arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using autografts or allografts is being performed with increasing frequency, particularly in young athletes. Although the procedure is generally well tolerated, with good success rates, early and late complications have been documented. As clinical manifestations of graft complications are often non-specific and plain radiographs cannot directly visualize the graft and the adjacent soft tissues, MR imaging has a definite role in the diagnosis of complications after ACL reconstruction and may direct subsequent therapeutic management. Our purpose is to review the normal MR imaging of the ACL graft and present the MR imaging findings of a wide spectrum of complications after ACL reconstruction, such as graft impingement, graft rupture, cystic degeneration of the graft, postoperative infection of the knee, diffuse and localized (i.e., cyclops lesion) arthrofibrosis, and associated donor site abnormalities. Awareness of the MR imaging findings of complications as well as the normal appearances of the normal ACL graft is essential for correct interpretation. PMID:12695835

Papakonstantinou, Olympia; Chung, Christine B; Chanchairujira, Kullanuch; Resnick, Donald L

2003-05-01

221

Infrared Thermal Imaging for Automated Detection of Diabetic Foot Complications  

PubMed Central

Background Although thermal imaging can be a valuable technology in the prevention and management of diabetic foot disease, it is not yet widely used in clinical practice. Technological advancement in infrared imaging increases its application range. The aim was to explore the first steps in the applicability of high-resolution infrared thermal imaging for noninvasive automated detection of signs of diabetic foot disease. Methods The plantar foot surfaces of 15 diabetes patients were imaged with an infrared camera (resolution, 1.2 mm/pixel): 5 patients had no visible signs of foot complications, 5 patients had local complications (e.g., abundant callus or neuropathic ulcer), and 5 patients had diffuse complications (e.g., Charcot foot, infected ulcer, or critical ischemia). Foot temperature was calculated as mean temperature across pixels for the whole foot and for specified regions of interest (ROIs). Results No differences in mean temperature >1.5 °C between the ipsilateral and the contralateral foot were found in patients without complications. In patients with local complications, mean temperatures of the ipsilateral and the contralateral foot were similar, but temperature at the ROI was >2 °C higher compared with the corresponding region in the contralateral foot and to the mean of the whole ipsilateral foot. In patients with diffuse complications, mean temperature differences of >3 °C between ipsilateral and contralateral foot were found. Conclusions With an algorithm based on parameters that can be captured and analyzed with a high-resolution infrared camera and a computer, it is possible to detect signs of diabetic foot disease and to discriminate between no, local, or diffuse diabetic foot complications. As such, an intelligent telemedicine monitoring system for noninvasive automated detection of signs of diabetic foot disease is one step closer. Future studies are essential to confirm and extend these promising early findings. PMID:24124937

van Netten, Jaap J.; van Baal, Jeff G.; Liu, Chanjuan; van der Heijden, Ferdi; Bus, Sicco A.

2013-01-01

222

Extensive intratemporal cholesteatomas: presentation, complications and surgical outcomes.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to review the clinical features, complications, surgical management and post-operative outcomes of medially invasive extensive cholesteatomas and intracranial complications of cholesteatoma. The retrospective review was carried out at a tertiary referral center and included 20 patients presenting with extensive intratemporal cholesteatomas between 2011 and 2013. Inclusion criteria were involvement of the labyrinth, facial nerve, posterior fossa dura and intracranial complications. The mean age of the patients was 20 years. Profuse foul-smelling otorrhoea and severe otalgia/temporal headache were the most common presenting features. Intracranial complications were observed in nine patients, most commonly temporal lobe abscess; 14/20 patients exhibited profound hearing loss. One case exhibited massive labyrinthine petrous apex cholesteatoma. Labyrinthine destruction was seen in all cases of facial nerve involvement. Management of intracranial complications preceded canal wall-down mastoidectomy with or without partial labyrinthectomy and subtotal petrosectomy (transotic) with blind sac closure for petrous cholesteatoma. Facial nerve infiltration was observed in one case, whereas eight cases exhibited gross dehiscence of the fallopian canal. Disease clearance was complete in all cases with two mortalities in patients with intracranial complications. Post-operative course was uncomplicated in all other patients apart from a case of wound dehiscence. All patients remain disease free after a minimum and maximum follow-up of 6 months and 2 years, respectively. Extensive intratemporal cholesteatomas and intracranial complications caused by them continue to pose a challenge to the management of otitis media in the current era and merit early recognition, surgical management and follow-up. PMID:24318471

Vashishth, Ashish; Singh Nagar, Tilak Raj; Mandal, Shantanu; Venkatachalam, Vellore Pattabhiram

2015-02-01

223

Complications after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in Korean patients with ulcerative colitis  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the outcomes of treatments for complications after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in Korean patients with ulcerative colitis. METHODS: Between March 1998 and February 2013, 72 patients (28 male and 44 female, median age 43.0 years ± 14.0 years) underwent total proctocolectomy with IPAA. The study cohort was registered prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. Patient characteristics, medical management histories, operative findings, pathology reports and postoperative clinical courses, including early postoperative and late complications and their treatments, were reviewed from a medical record system. All of the ileal pouches were J-pouch and were performed with either the double-stapling technique (n = 69) or a hand-sewn (n = 3) technique. RESULTS: Thirty-one (43.1%) patients had early complications, with 12 (16.7%) patients with complications related to the pouch. Pouch bleeding, pelvic abscesses and anastomosis ruptures were managed conservatively. Patients with pelvic abscesses were treated with surgical drainage. Twenty-seven (38.0%) patients had late complications during the follow-up period (82.5 ± 50.8 mo), with 21 (29.6%) patients with complications related to the pouch. Treatment for pouchitis included antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs. Pouch-vaginal fistulas, perianal abscesses or fistulas and anastomosis strictures were treated surgically. Pouch failure developed in two patients (2.8%). Analyses showed that an emergency operation was a significant risk factor for early pouch-related complications compared to elective procedures (55.6% vs 11.1%, P < 0.05). Pouchitis was related to early (35.3%) and the other late pouch-related complications (41.2%) (P < 0.05). The complications did not have an effect on pouch failure nor pouch function. CONCLUSION: The complications following IPAA can be treated successfully. Favorable long-term outcomes were achieved with a lower pouch failure rate than reported in Western patients. PMID:24966620

Ryoo, Seung-Bum; Oh, Heung-Kwon; Han, Eon Chul; Ha, Heon-Kyun; Moon, Sang Hui; Choe, Eun Kyung; Park, Kyu Joo

2014-01-01

224

Unusual costochondral bone graft complication.  

PubMed

In hemifacial microsomia, patients with severely hypoplastic mandibles (Pruzansky type III) require replacement of the ramus and condyle unit. Common complications of this procedure include graft fracture and overgrowth of the graft. An uncommon case of osteolysis of the costochondral graft with osteitis of the middle cranial fossa is reported herein. To our knowledge, no such case has been reported in the literature previously. The aim of this report is to present the only known case and to discuss the contributing factors. PMID:23972557

Tabchouri, Nathalie; Kadlub, Natacha; Diner, Patrick A; Picard, Arnaud

2013-11-01

225

Complications of endoscopic third ventriculostomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objects  Although endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered as the first choice in the management of noncommunicating hydrocephalus,\\u000a it is not without risk or complication.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The patients who had undergone ETV only between 1998 and 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 85 males and 70 females,\\u000a and 173 ETVs were performed in 155 patients. The patients’ age ranged from 2 months to

Yusuf Er?ahin; Dilek Arslan

2008-01-01

226

Oral Complications of HIV Disease  

PubMed Central

Oral lesions are among the early signs of HIV infection and can predict its progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). A better understanding of the oral manifestations of AIDS in both adults and children has implications for all health care professionals. The knowledge of such alterations would allow for early recognition of HIV-infected patients. The present paper reviews epidemiology, relevant aspects of HIV infection related to the mouth in both adults and children, as well as current trends in antiretroviral therapy and its connection with orofacial manifestations related to AIDS. PMID:19488613

Leao, Jair C.; Ribeiro, Camila M. B.; Carvalho, Alessandra A. T.; Frezzini, Cristina; Porter, Stephen

2009-01-01

227

Gastrointestinal Complications of Laparoscopic/Robot-Assisted Urologic Surgery and a Review of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Gastrointestinal injuries that occur during or after laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery are serious side effects that affect patient outcome. In this review, we attempt to highlight the identification, incidence and management of gastrointestinal and visceral complications of laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery. A search of Medline and PubMed databases was performed using the following terms: gastrointestinal complications of laparoscopy, laparoscopic, kidney and robotic surgery. A total of 1,072 papers related to the subject were analyzed. Forty-six of these papers were included in the present review. These papers reported high numbers of participants and had a high level of evidence. Gastrointestinal complications during laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery are rare, but similar, and can occur at any time between access and closure. Despite their infrequency, these complications can result in mortality. The early recognition and management of gastrointestinal complications is very important. Unrecognized or delayed identification of gastrointestinal complications may cause sepsis and death.

Karadag, Mert Ali; Cecen, Kursat; Demir, Aslan; Bagcioglu, Murat; Kocaaslan, Ramazan; Kadioglu, Teoman Cem

2015-01-01

228

Bacterial infections complicating tongue piercing.  

PubMed

Tongue piercing has become an increasingly popular form of body art. However, this procedure can occasionally be complicated by serious bacterial infections. The present article reports a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by a Gemella species in a patient with a pierced tongue, and reviews 18 additional cases of local and systemic bacterial infections associated with tongue piercing. Infections localized to the oral cavity and head and neck region included molar abscess, glossal abscess, glossitis, submandibular lymphadenitis, submandibular sialadenitis, Ludwig's angina and cephalic tetanus. Infections distal to the piercing site included eight cases of infective endocarditis, one case of chorioamnionitis and one case of cerebellar abscess. Oropharyngeal flora were isolated from all cases. While bacterial infections following tongue piercing are rare, there are reports of potentially life-threatening infections associated with the procedure. Both piercers and their clients should be aware of these potential complications, and standardized infection prevention and control practices should be adopted by piercers to reduce the risk. PMID:21358880

Yu, Catherine Hy; Minnema, Brian J; Gold, Wayne L

2010-01-01

229

Managing Complications of Diabetes in Later Life  

MedlinePLUS

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230

PERIFOVEAL VITREOUS DETACHMENT AND ITS MACULAR COMPLICATIONS  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the vitreoretinal relationship in eyes with idiopathic macular disorders putatively caused by vitreomacular traction associated with early stages of age-related posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Methods Retrospective observational case series of 43 eyes of 40 patients diagnosed with one of several idiopathic vitreomacular conditions. Included patients had no biomicroscopic evidence for complete PVD on presentation and underwent a specific clinical assessment of the vitreoretinal relationship. Affected eyes were evaluated with slit-lamp biomicroscopy, B-scan ultrasonography, optical coherence tomography, and/or intraoperative examination of the posterior hyaloid. Results By one or more examination techniques, 41 (95.3%) of the 43 study eyes had evidence of vitreous detachment from the perifoveal macular region and the remaining two eyes had complete PVD. When measurable, the size of the vitreomacular adhesion varied by diagnosis. Of 31 eyes with perifoveal vitreous detachment seen in follow-up, only three (9.7%) showed progression to complete PVD over an average preoperative or total follow-up period of 30.0 months (range, 2 to 237 months). Surgical or spontaneous separation of the residual vitreomacular adhesion in 16 eyes was followed in 15 (93.8%) by partial or complete resolution of the symptoms and signs of macular traction. Conclusions Age-related PVD appears to be an insidious, chronic event that begins in the perifoveal macula and evolves over a prolonged period of time prior to vitreopapillary separation. Though usually asymptomatic, its early (perifoveal) stages may be complicated by one of several macular pathologies, determined in part by the size of the residual vitreomacular adhesion. PMID:17057817

Johnson, Mark W

2005-01-01

231

Complicated Grief Reactions in Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

An understanding of complicated grief in youth is incomplete, because the full range of observed, theorized, and studied symptoms and reactions has not yet been examined in different age groups. Until recently, scales to assess complicated grief in youth were based on adult constructs of complicated grief and did not include many of the symptoms and reactions proposed for posttrauma

Kathleen Nader; Alison Salloum

2011-01-01

232

Common complications of pediatric neuromuscular disorders.  

PubMed

Children with pediatric neuromuscular disorders experience common complications, primarily due to immobility and weakness. Musculoskeletal complications include hip dysplasia with associated hip subluxation or dislocation, neuromuscular scoliosis, and osteoporosis and resulting fractures. Constipation, gastroesophageal reflux, and obesity and malnutrition are commonly experienced gastrointestinal complications. Disordered sleep also is frequently observed, which affects both patients and caregivers. PMID:25479776

Skalsky, Andrew J; Dalal, Pritha B

2015-02-01

233

[Therapy of complicated Crohn's disease].  

PubMed

During their disease course, the majority of Crohn's disease patients will develop a complicated disease which is characterized by the occurrence of fistulas and/or stenosis. Symptomatic, perianal fistulas should be surgically drained before anti-inflammatory therapy will be initiated. Antibiotics, such as metronidazole, improve disease symptomatic however, they are not sufficient to induce continuous fistula closure. For this purpose, azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine as well as anti-TNF antibodies are useful when administered continuously. Surgical options include seton drainage, fistula excision, fistula plugs and mucosa flaps. As ultima ratio, temporary ileostomy and proctectomy are to be discussed. Non-perianal fistulas often require surgical approaches. Symptomatic strictures or stenosis can be treated by anti-inflammatory medications (only if they are cause by inflammation), endoscopic balloon dilatation or surgery. PMID:24618311

Scharl, Michael; Barthel, Christiane; Rogler, Gerhard

2014-03-12

234

Complicated grief in Aboriginal populations  

PubMed Central

To date there have been no studies examining complicated grief (CG) in Aboriginal populations. Although this research gap exists, it can be hypothesized that Aboriginal populations may be at increased risk for CG, given a variety of factors, including increased rates of all-cause mortality and death by suicide. Aboriginal people also have a past history of multiple stressors resulting from the effects of colonization and forced assimilation, a significant example being residential school placement. This loss of culture and high rates of traumatic events may place Aboriginal individuals at increased risk for suicide, as well as CG resulting from traumatic loss and suicide bereavement. Studies are needed to examine CG in Aboriginal populations. These studies must include cooperation with Aboriginal communities to help identify risk factors for CG, understand the role of culture among these communities, and identify interventions to reduce poor health outcomes such as suicidal behavior. PMID:22754293

Spiwak, Rae; Sareen, Jitender; Elias, Brenda; Martens, Patricia; Munro, Garry; Bolton, James

2012-01-01

235

Oral Manifestations and Complications of Diabetes Mellitus  

PubMed Central

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting all age groups. It is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Many chronic macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes have been reported in the literature with few reports about oral complications. This article aims to review and increase the awareness of oral manifestations and complications of diabetes mellitus and to stimulate research on the subject. It treats in depth some of the complications such as periodontal disease, fungal infection and salivary dysfunction while other complications are mentioned briefly. PMID:21969888

Al-Maskari, Awatif Y.; Al-Maskari, Masoud Y.; Al-Sudairy, Salem

2011-01-01

236

Common surgical complications in degenerative spinal surgery  

PubMed Central

The rapid growth of spine degenerative surgery has led to unrelenting efforts to define and prevent possible complications, the incidence of which is probably higher than that reported and varies according to the region of the spine involved (cervical and thoracolumbar) and the severity of the surgery. Several issues are becoming progressively clearer, such as complication rates in primary versus revision spinal surgery, complications in the elderly, the contribution of minimally invasive surgery to the reduction of complication rate. In this paper the most common surgical complications in degenerative spinal surgery are outlined and discussed. PMID:23610753

Papadakis, Michael; Aggeliki, Lianou; Papadopoulos, Elias C; Girardi, Federico P

2013-01-01

237

Maternal and fetal complications of the hypothyroidism-related pregnancy.  

PubMed

Thyroid pathology worsens during pregnancy. Hypothyroidism can be pre-existent or may begin during pregnancy period. Most of the patients who presented hypothyroidism during pregnancy have a history of thyroid disease for which they have undergone treatment (medical, surgical or radioisotopes). Hypothyroidism is difficult to be diagnosed during pregnancy as the signs can belong to pregnancy itself. Changes in thyroid function have a major negative impact on both mother and fetus.Complications that arise depend on the severity of hypothyroidism, on how appropriately and early the treatment will be initiated, on other obstetrical and extragenital pathologies associated with the present pregnancy. Clinical symptoms are polymorphic, often nonspecific, and are related mainly to the time of occurrence and to the severity of thyroid hormone deficiency. The appropriate, early administered treatment and maintenance of a normal level of thyroid hormones minimize the risk of maternal and fetal complications and make it possible that the pregnancy may be carried to term without severe complications. PMID:21977134

Tudosa, Rodica; Vartej, P; Horhoianu, Irina; Ghica, C; Mateescu, Stela; Dumitrache, I

2010-04-01

238

Maternal and fetal complications of the hypothyroidism-related pregnancy  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Thyroid pathology worsens during pregnancy. Hypothyroidism can be pre-existent or may begin during pregnancy period. Most of the patients who presented hypothyroidism during pregnancy have a history of thyroid disease for which they have undergone treatment (medical, surgical or radioisotopes). Hypothyroidism is difficult to be diagnosed during pregnancy as the signs can belong to pregnancy itself. Changes in thyroid function have a major negative impact on both mother and fetus. Complications that arise depend on the severity of hypothyroidism, on how appropriately and early the treatment will be initiated, on other obstetrical and extragenital pathologies associated with the present pregnancy. Clinical symptoms are polymorphic, often nonspecific, and are related mainly to the time of occurrence and to the severity of thyroid hormone deficiency. The appropriate, early administered treatment and maintenance of a normal level of thyroid hormones minimize the risk of maternal and fetal complications and make it possible that the pregnancy may be carried to term without severe complications. PMID:21977134

Tudosa, Rodica; Vartej, P; Horhoianu, Irina; Ghica, C.; Mateescu, Stela; Dumitrache, I

2010-01-01

239

A comparison of outcomes and complications of totally implantable access port through the internal jugular vein versus the subclavian vein.  

PubMed

Totally implantable access ports (TIAPs) are generally used in oncology. Few studies have addressed complications associated with the insertion site. A total of 233 consecutive oncology patients were enrolled to receive TIAP inserts via internal jugular vein (IJV) or subclavian vein (SV). Data on clinicopathologic parameters and early/late complications were retrospectively collected. No differences were found early and late complication rates. Catheter injury was observed more frequently in the IJV group (2.9%) than in the SV group (1.0%) without statistical significance. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, switch to palliative use of TIAP, and the distribution of diseases (low risk in patients with colorectal cancer) were independent risk factors for determining complications. In conclusion, TIAP insertion site showed no impact on the early and late complication rates. Catheter injury appears to occur at the same frequency with both approaches. Therefore, medical doctors may choose their preferred puncture site when performing TIAP insertion. PMID:24670030

Nagasawa, Yoshinobu; Shimizu, Tomoharu; Sonoda, Hiromichi; Mekata, Eiji; Wakabayashi, Masato; Ohta, Hiroyuki; Murata, Satoshi; Mori, Tsuyoshi; Naka, Shigeyuki; Tani, Tohru

2014-01-01

240

Complications of Medial Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

Background We report intra- and postoperative complications of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Methods This study was conducted on 246 cases of UKA which were performed for degenerative osteoarthritis confined to the medial compartment, from May 2002 to May 2010, for which follow-up periods longer than one year were available. Complications were divided into intra- and postoperative complications. Pre- and postoperative clinical scores, the range of motion, and radiologic findings were analyzed. Results Complications developed in a total of 24 cases (9.8%, 24/246). Among them, 6 cases had intraoperative complications while 18 had postoperative complications. Among the 6 intraoperative complications, one fracture of the medial tibial condyle, two fractures of the intercondylar eminence, one rupture of the medial collateral ligament, one widening of the peg hole leading to femoral component malposition and late failure, and one total knee arthroplasty (TKA) conversion of a large bony defect of tibial avascular necrosis were observed. Among the 18 postoperative complications, four cases of aseptic loosening of the femoral component, one soft tissue impingement due to malalignment, nine cases of polyethylene bearing dislocation, one case of suprapatellar bursitis, one periprosthetic fracture, one TKA conversion due to medial component overhanging, and one TKA conversion due to pain of unexplained cause were observed. Conclusions The mid-term clinical outcomes of UKA were excellent in our study. However, the incidence of complications was very high (9.8%). To prevent intra- and postoperative complications, proper selection of the patients and accurate surgical techniques are required. PMID:25436058

Ji, Jong Hun; Park, Sang Eun; Song, In Soo; Kang, Hanvit; Ha, Ji Yoon

2014-01-01

241

Eagle syndrome revisited: cerebrovascular complications.  

PubMed

Cervical pain caused by the elongation of the styloid process (Eagle syndrome) is well known to otolaryngologists but is rarely considered by vascular surgeons. We report two patients with cerebrovascular symptoms of Eagle syndrome treated in our medical center in the past year. Case 1: an 80-year-old man with acromegaly presented with dizziness and syncope with neck rotation. The patient was noted to have bilateral elongated styloid processes impinging on the internal carotid arteries. After staged resections of the styloid processes through cervical approaches, the symptoms resolved completely. Case 2: a 57-year-old man presented with acute-onset left-sided neck pain radiating to his head immediately after a vigorous neck massage. Hospital course was complicated by a 15-minute transient ischemic attack resulting in aphasia. Angiography revealed bilateral dissections of his internal carotid arteries, with a dissecting aneurysm on the right. Both injuries were immediately adjacent to the bilateral elongated styloid processes. Despite immediate anticoagulation therapy, he experienced aphasia and right hemiparesis associated with an occlusion of his left carotid artery. He underwent emergent catheter thrombectomy and carotid stent placement, with near-complete resolution of his symptoms. Elongated styloid processes characteristic of Eagle syndrome can result in both temporary impingement and permanent injury to the extracranial carotid arteries. Although rare, Eagle syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with cerebrovascular symptoms, especially those induced by positional change. PMID:22664285

Todo, Tsuyoshi; Alexander, Michael; Stokol, Colin; Lyden, Patrick; Braunstein, Glenn; Gewertz, Bruce

2012-07-01

242

Chronic complications of diabetes mellitus related to the respiratory system.  

PubMed

The quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus is mainly determined by chronic diabetic complications which may affect all organ tissues including respiratory system. Microangiopathy of pulmonary capillaries, autonomic neuropathy, myopathy of respiratory muscles or changes in collagen belong to supposed pathophysiological pathways. This paper brings brief review about reported functional consequences in subjects with diabetes - decreased vital lung capacity and pulmonary volumes, decreased diffuse lung capacity for carbon monoxide, lower basal bronchial tone, lower cough reflex sensitivity, increased incidence of sleep obstructive apnea, increase in respiratory infections, disorders in respiratory muscles or phrenical nerve. Examination of pulmonary functions may serve for early detection of chronic complications in patients with diabetes. PMID:23146790

Vojtková, Jarmila; Ciljaková, Miriam; Michnová, Zuzana; Tur?an, Tomá

2012-01-01

243

Rare vascular perforation complicating radial approach to percutaneous coronary angioplasty  

PubMed Central

A transradial arterial approach to coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention has become increasingly embraced by cardiologists as it is associated with decreased vascular complications and allows early mobilisation of patients when compared with transfemoral arterial access. Major vascular complication post-transradial access is uncommon. We describe a very rare case of perforation of the costocervical trunk (a branch of the right subclavian artery at the site of the thoracic inlet) presenting shortly after percutaneous transradial coronary intervention. The resulting rapidly expanding cervical haematoma caused airway compromise necessitating emergent intubation in the catheter laboratory recovery area. Transfemoral catheter coil embolisation of the feeder artery was successful in obliterating blood flow to the perforated vessel with eventual resolution of the neck haematoma. PMID:23362057

Farooqi, Fahad; Alexander, John; Sarma, Aditya

2013-01-01

244

Gastrointestinal complications of systemic sclerosis  

PubMed Central

Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease characterized by progressive skin thickening and tightness. Pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and kidney damage are the most important indicators for mortality; however, the gastrointestinal tract is the most commonly damaged system. Virtually all parts of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract can be involved, although the esophagus is the most frequently reported. The mechanisms that cause such extensive damage are generally unclear, but vascular changes, immunological abnormalities, excessive accumulation of collagen in the submucosa, smooth muscle atrophy and neuropathy may participate because these are the most common histological findings in biopsies and autopsies. Most patients with GI tract involvement complain about dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal bloating/distension, and fecal incontinence. These symptoms are generally mild during the early stage of the disease and are likely ignored by physicians. As the disease becomes more advanced, however, patient quality of life is markedly influenced, whereby malnutrition and shortened survival are the usual consequences. The diagnosis for systemic sclerosis is based on manometry measurements and an endoscopy examination. Supportive and symptomatic treatment is the main therapeutic strategy; however, an early diagnosis is critical for successful management. PMID:24222949

Tian, Xin-Ping; Zhang, Xuan

2013-01-01

245

Complications of ascending phlebography of the leg.  

PubMed Central

Forty patients were studied prospectively for complications of ascending phlebography. The commonest immediate complication was pain at the site of injection and the commonest delayed complication pain in the foot or calf. Out of 30 patients with pain in the foot and calf, 15 had venous thrombosis. Review of 200 case notes disclosed only one recorded complication--namely, necrosis of the dorsal skin of the foot. Complications of the procedure reported by referring clinicians over 10 years comprised four cases of necrosis of the dorsum of the foot and two of gangrene of the foot, in one of which the gangrene spread to the leg. Major complications of ascending phlebography are rare, though when they occur may cause serious morbidity. If a scrupulous technique is used contrast phlebography remains the most accurate method of diagnosing venous disease of the leg. PMID:687897

Thomas, M L; MacDonald, L M

1978-01-01

246

Pseudoaneurysm a rare complication of transradial cardiac catheterization: a case report.  

PubMed

Transradial access for cardiac catheterization is a safe and viable approach with significantly lower incidence of major access-related complications compared with the transfemoral approach. As this form of access is getting wider acceptance among interventional cardiologists, awareness of its complications is of vital importance. Asymptomatic radial artery occlusion, non-occlusive radial artery injury and radial artery spasm are commonly reported complication of this approach. Symptomatic radial arterial occlusion, pseudoaneurysm and radial artery perforation are rarely reported complications of transradial approach. Early identification of these uncommon complications and their urgent management is of significant importance. We present the case of an 80-year-old lady who developed pseudoaneurysm a week after transradial cardiac catheterization managed with surgical excision with no long-term sequela. PMID:23508390

Bhat, Tariq; Bhat, Hilal; Teli, Sumaya; Rajiv, Bartaula; Akhtar, Muhammad; Gala, Bhavesh

2013-03-18

247

Complications of arthroscopic surgery of the hip  

PubMed Central

Over recent years hip arthroscopic surgery has evolved into one of the most rapidly expanding fields in orthopaedic surgery. Complications are largely transient and incidences between 0.5% and 6.4% have been reported. However, major complications can and do occur. This article analyses the reported complications and makes recommendations based on the literature review and personal experience on how to minimise them. PMID:23610683

Papavasiliou, A. V.; Bardakos, N. V.

2012-01-01

248

Infantile splenorenopancreatic mucormycosis complicating neuroblastoma.  

PubMed

Herein is described the first case of an infant with neuroblastoma who developed isolated splenorenopancreatic mucormycosis. An 18-month-old boy with neuroblastoma who was on intensive chemotherapy was admitted with febrile neutropenia. On abdominal computed tomography, multiple hypodense lesions in the spleen with invasion to the upper pole of the left kidney were demonstrated. Enlargement of splenic lesions with a complete hypoechoic pattern replacing the whole spleen, consistent with splenic abscess were observed on serial ultrasound. On splenectomy the resected spleen appeared to be severely fragmented and necrotic. On pathology, massive infiltration of broad, non-septate hyphal fragments identified as Mucor with invasion to all blood vessels was seen. Histologically, a piece of the tail of the pancreas also showed involvement by the filamentous Mucor. The present case highlights the necessity of high index of suspicion in susceptible patients, early diagnosis and appropriate management in order to minimize the mortality rate. PMID:24330301

Ebadi, Maryam; Alavi, Samin; Ghojevand, Nozar; Aghdam, Maryam Kazemi; Yazdi, Mohammad Kaji; Zahiri, Ali

2013-12-01

249

Historical trends in the timing of informed consent for research into intrapartum complications.  

PubMed

Obtaining informed consent for clinical trials involving the management of intrapartum complications is complex. This article describes the strategies used to obtain consent over the last 60 years using data from the Cochrane Library. Of 138 intrapartum randomised studies, 37% had no record of the consent procedures. Of the remainder, 74% sought consent only when the complication developed, 11% sought consent from all women in early labour, and 13% gave all women antenatal information and then sought written consent when the complication arose. Despite the existence of ethics guidelines for intrapartum consent, many studies fail to follow their advice. PMID:22168822

Patel, D; Nasir, S; Elati, A; Vernon, G; Weeks, A D

2012-02-01

250

Current State of Art Management for Vascular Complications after Liver Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Vascular complications by compromising the blood flow to the allograft can have significant and sometimes life-threating consequences for the patient. High level of suspicion and aggressive utilization of diagnostic modalities can lead to early diagnosis and salvage of the allograft. This review will summarize the current trends in the management of vascular complications after liver transplantation. Current trends show an increase in the utilization of endovascular interventions initially to address vascular complications after liver transplantation. Operative repair still has its major role, especially if endovascular procedures fail. PMID:25093059

Hejazi Kenari, S. Kamran; Zimmerman, Asha; Eslami, Mohammad; F. Saidi, Reza

2014-01-01

251

Management of complications associated with total ear canal ablation and bulla osteotomy in dogs and cats.  

PubMed

Total ear canal ablation combined with bulla osteotomy is a salvage procedure recommended primarily for end-stage inflammatory ear canal disease but also for neoplasia and severe traumatic injuries. Due to the complexity of the procedure and the poor exposure associated with the surgical approach, there is significant risk for a variety of complications. This review discusses intraoperative, early postoperative, and late postoperative complications reported in large retrospective studies, the causes for these complications, and recommendations about how to prevent them. PMID:21889696

Smeak, Daniel D

2011-09-01

252

Video-assisted thoracic surgery complications  

PubMed Central

Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is a miniinvasive technique commonly applied worldwide. Indications for VATS are very broad and include the diagnosis of mediastinal, lung and pleural diseases, as well as large resection procedures such as pneumonectomy. The most frequent complication is prolonged postoperative air leak. The other significant complications are bleeding, infections, postoperative pain and recurrence at the port site. Different complications of VATS procedures can occur with variable frequency in various diseases. Despite the large number of their types, such complications are rare and can be avoided through the proper selection of patients and an appropriate surgical technique.

Kozak, Józef

2014-01-01

253

Video-assisted thoracic surgery complications.  

PubMed

Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is a miniinvasive technique commonly applied worldwide. Indications for VATS are very broad and include the diagnosis of mediastinal, lung and pleural diseases, as well as large resection procedures such as pneumonectomy. The most frequent complication is prolonged postoperative air leak. The other significant complications are bleeding, infections, postoperative pain and recurrence at the port site. Different complications of VATS procedures can occur with variable frequency in various diseases. Despite the large number of their types, such complications are rare and can be avoided through the proper selection of patients and an appropriate surgical technique. PMID:25561984

?ochowski, Mariusz P; Kozak, Józef

2014-12-01

254

Postoperative Complications in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study During Five Years of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To describe postoperative complications encountered in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study during 5 years of follow-up. Design Multicenter randomized clinical trial. Methods Settings Seventeen clinical centers. Study Population Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ?18 mm Hg and ?40 mm Hg on maximum tolerated medical therapy. Interventions Tube shunt (350-mm2 Baerveldt glaucoma implant) or trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC 0.4 mg/mL for 4 minutes). Main Outcome Measures Surgical complications, reoperations for complications, visual acuity, and cataract progression. Results Early postoperative complications occurred in 22 patients (21%) in the tube group and 39 patients (37%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .012). Late postoperative complications developed in 36 patients (34%) in the tube group and 38 patients (36%) in the trabeculectomy group during 5 years of follow-up (P = .81). The rate of reoperation for complications was 22% in the tube group and 18% in the trabeculectomy group (P = .29). Cataract extraction was performed in 13 phakic eyes (54%) in the tube group and 9 phakic eyes (43%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .43). Conclusions A large number of surgical complications were observed in the TVT Study, but most were transient and self-limited. The incidence of early postoperative complications was higher following trabeculectomy with MMC than tube shunt surgery. The rates of late postoperative complications, reoperation for complications, and cataract extraction were similar with both surgical procedures after 5 years of follow-up. PMID:22244522

Gedde, Steven J.; Herndon, Leon W.; Brandt, James D.; Budenz, Donald L.; Feuer, William J.; Schiffman, Joyce C.

2013-01-01

255

[Use of erbium laser for treatment of dental implant complications].  

PubMed

The paper presents the results of the use of Er:YAG laser for surgical treatment of 48 patients aged 25-73 years with early and late dental implant complications were presented. Among all lasers used in the field of dentistry, the Er:YAG laser seems to possess characteristics most suitable for oral treatment, due to its ability to ablate both soft and hard tissues as well as bacterial biofilms and calculus without causing major thermal damage to the adjacent tissue. PMID:23268221

Kulakov, A A; Khamraev, T K; Kasparov, A S; Amirov, A R

2012-01-01

256

Fournier's gangrene complicating aggressive therapy for hematologic malignancy.  

PubMed

The authors describe two cases of Fournier's gangrene complicating aggressive therapy for hematologic malignancies. Fournier's gangrene is a fulminant necrotizing fasciitis of the scrotum and penis, often with an infectious etiology. Only one prior case has been reported in a patient receiving aggressive chemotherapy for a hematologic malignancy. Unique to these three cases was profound granulocytopenia and the culturing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in both the blood and necrotic perineal-scrotal tissue. Maintaining a high index of suspicion with early recognition and aggressive therapy may decrease the morbidity and mortality of this devastating and life-threatening infection in the compromised host. PMID:3697930

Berg, A; Armitage, J O; Burns, C P

1986-06-15

257

Managing complications II: conduit failure and conduit airway fistulas  

PubMed Central

Conduit failure and conduit airway fistula are rare complications after esophagectomy, however they can be catastrophic resulting in high mortality. Survivors can expect a prolonged hospital course with multiple interventions and an extended period of time prior to being able to resume oral nutrition. High index of suspicion can aid in early diagnosis. Conduit failure usually requires a period of proximal esophageal diversion and staged reconstruction. Conduit airway fistulas may be amenable to endoscopic repair but this has a high failure rate and many patients will require surgical repair with closure of the fistula and interposition of vascularized tissue to minimize recurrence. PMID:24876943

Mehta, Christopher K.

2014-01-01

258

Acute postoperative complications of hypospadias repair  

PubMed Central

Purpose Complications in hypospadias surgery are higher than other reconstructive procedures. The incidence of complications can be reduced if proper preventive measures are taken. The review aims to highlight incidences, causes, and preventive measures of acute complications of hypospadias repair. Materials and Methods Literature reports were reviewed in Pubmed by giving the key word acute complications of hypospadias repair, wound infection, wound dehiscence, flap necrosis, edema, penile torsion, urethral fistula, bleeding and hematoma and urethral stents problems. Summaries of all articles were reviewed with full text of relevant article and results were analyzed. Results Besides mentioning the complications of hypospadias repair in individual articles on the subject, we did not come across any separate article on this subject in the published English literature. Fistula is the commonest complication followed by edema and penile torsion. Conclusions Most acute complications can be prevented with adherence to principles of plastic and microsurgery, meticulous preoperative planning, and judicious postoperative care. Deviation from these principles may lead to disaster and even failure of the repair. The aim in hypospadias surgery should be following these principles and bring down the complication rates < 5% in distal hypospadias and < 10% in proximal hypospadias. PMID:19468404

Bhat, Amilal; Mandal, Arup Kumar

2008-01-01

259

Complications with Outpatient Angiography and Interventional Procedures  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To prospectively identify the complications, and rates of complication, in outpatient angiography and interventional procedures. Methods: There were 1050 consecutive patients, 646 men and 404 women, aged 17-89 years, with a total of 1239 procedures studied in a 2-year period, 1997 to 1999. Results: There were 560 cases of aorto-femoral angiography,resulting in 124 complications (22%), with pain or hematoma in 110.There were 206 cases of neck and cerebral angiography, resulting in 51 complications (25%), with pain and hematoma in 34, transient ischemic attack in 2 and cerebrovascular accident in 1. There were 197 interfentional procedures, with 177 being balloon dilatations, resulting in 68 complications (35%), with 2 having hematomas and 1 having hematoma/abscess requiring active treatment. There were 276 cases having various 'other' procedures (e.g., renal angiography),resulting in 65 complications (24%), with pain and hematoma in 61. No procedure-related death occurred. Eighteen cases (1.5%) had significant complications, with contrast allergy in eight. Conclusion: Outpatient angiography and intervention are relatively safe, with low significant complication rates.

Young, Noel; Chi, Ka-Kit; Ajaka, Joe; McKay, Lesa; O'Neill, Diane; Wong, Kai Ping [Department of Radiology, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, NWS, 2145 (Australia)

2002-03-15

260

Complications of Breast-cancer Radiotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the beneficial effect of postoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer is well documented, this treatment may be related to a number of complications, which may affect patient quality of life and possibly survival. Among significant long-term irradiation sequelae are cardiac and lung damage, lymphoedema, brachial plexopathy, impaired shoulder mobility and second malignancies. The risk of these complications, particularly high with

E. Senkus-Konefka; J. Jassem

2006-01-01

261

Successful pregnancy outcome after complicated varicella pneumonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality associated with varicella pneumonia in the peripartum period are increased further with multiple complications.Case: The patient had varicella pneumonitis acquired at 32 weeks’ gestation and complicated by bacterial superinfection, adult respiratory distress syndrome, endotoxin shock, and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia.Conclusion: Aggressive, timely management of respiratory failure, control of infection, correction of endotoxin shock,

Prasanta C. Chandra; Harish Patel; Henry J. Schiavello; Shannon L. Briggs

1998-01-01

262

Renal complications of polyarteritis nodosa: CT findings.  

PubMed

Three patients with multiple renal complications of polyarteritis nodosa are described. The arteriographic findings in these patients were multiple arterial aneurysms and tissue infarctions, with the development of spontaneous intrarenal, subcapsular, and perirenal hemorrhagic complications. Computed tomography showed the hemorrhages and multiple renal infarcts; acute and late forms could be differentiated on the basis of contrast medium enhancement and scar formation. PMID:2857737

Hekali, P; Kivisaari, L; Standerskjöld-Nordenstam, C G; Pajari, R; Turto, H

1985-01-01

263

ANALYSIS OF COMPLICATIONS FROM 600 RETROPERITONEOSCOPIC  

E-print Network

ANALYSIS OF COMPLICATIONS FROM 600 RETROPERITONEOSCOPIC PROCEDURES OF THE UPPER URINARY TRACT operative complications including patients in the learning curve. Results: The mean blood loss was 159mL. Conversion to open surgery was required in 28 patients (4.6%) primarily due to technical problems during

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

Tube Thoracostomy: Complications and Its Management  

PubMed Central

Background. Tube thoracostomy is widely used throughout the medical, surgical, and critical care specialities. It is generally used to drain pleural collections either as elective or emergency. Complications resulting from tube thoracostomy can occasionally be life threatening. Aim. To present an update on the complications and management of complications of tube thoracostomy. Methods. A review of the publications obtained from Medline search, medical libraries, and Google on tube thoracostomy and its complications was done. Results. Tube thoracostomy is a common surgical procedure which can be performed by either the blunt dissection technique or the trocar technique. Complication rates are increased by the trocar technique. These complications have been broadly classified as either technical or infective. Technical causes include tube malposition, blocked drain, chest drain dislodgement, reexpansion pulmonary edema, subcutaneous emphysema, nerve injuries, cardiac and vascular injuries, oesophageal injuries, residual/postextubation pneumothorax, fistulae, tumor recurrence at insertion site, herniation through the site of thoracostomy, chylothorax, and cardiac dysrhythmias. Infective complications include empyema and surgical site infection. Conclusion. Tube thoracostomy, though commonly performed is not without risk. Blunt dissection technique has lower risk of complications and is hence recommended. PMID:22028963

Kesieme, Emeka B.; Dongo, Andrew; Ezemba, Ndubueze; Irekpita, Eshiobo; Jebbin, Nze; Kesieme, Chinenye

2012-01-01

265

Major surgical complications from minor urological procedures.  

PubMed Central

Some urological procedures are regarded as minor or simple. As a result, these may be delegated to trainee surgeons to do. Occasionally nonmedical persons embark on some of the procedures such as male circumcision. Published serious complications from urological procedures considered minor or simple were identified from a Medline search (1966 through 1999) and reference lists of relevant publications. The operations regarded as minor were carried out by medical personnel of all grades as well as by nonmedical persons. The complications can be classified as mutilatory, infective, hemorrhagic, or obstructive. Although the mutilatory complications affect mainly procedures on the penis, infective and hemorrhagic complications affect almost all the procedures. Tumor implantation has occurred along needle biopsy tracts. Although many of the complications are not related to technique or competence, a plea is made for the awareness of their occurrence to encourage preventive strategies. Adequate training of surgical personnel remains essential worldwide. PMID:10976176

Eke, N.

2000-01-01

266

Complications of Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking  

PubMed Central

Cross-linking of corneal collagen (CXL) is a promising approach for the treatment of keratoconus and secondary ectasia. Several long-term and short-term complications of CXL have been studied and documented. The possibility of a secondary infection after the procedure exists because the patient is subjected to epithelial debridement and the application of a soft contact lens. Formation of temporary corneal haze, permanent scars, endothelial damage, treatment failure, sterile infiltrates, and herpes reactivation are the other reported complications of this procedure. Cross-linking is a low-invasive procedure with low complication and failure rate but it may have direct or primary complications due to incorrect technique application or incorrect patient's inclusion and indirect or secondary complications related to therapeutic soft contact lens, patient's poor hygiene, and undiagnosed concomitant ocular surface diseases. PMID:22254130

Dhawan, Shikha; Rao, Kavita; Natrajan, Sundaram

2011-01-01

267

Gallbladder perforation: A rare complication of enteric fever?  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Gallbladder perforation is a rare complication of acute calculous cholecystitis in adults. Perforation of gallbladder due to enteric fever is extremely rare condition. Pre-operative diagnosis is rarely made and mortality is high. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report a case of acalculous gallbladder perforation following enteric fever in a 14-year-old boy, who presented as acute abdomen and responded very well after emergency laparotomy and cholecystectomy. DISCUSSION Enteric fever is common in tropics and a common cause of bowel perforation. Acute cholecystitis is a rare complication of typhoid and gallbladder perforation is extremely rare complication. Ultrasound and CT lack specificity to detect gallbladder perforation. Diagnosis is usually made intra-operatively. Cholecystectomy is treatment of choice in such cases and provides good result. CONCLUSION Gallbladder perforation secondary to enteric fever requires a high degree of clinical suspicion. In typhoid endemic region, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patient presenting with a history of prolonged fever and signs of peritonitis. Early diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention are very important in reducing the morbidity and mortality. Cholecystectomy is the choice with a good outcome. PMID:24441441

Singh, Mahendra; Kumar, Lovekesh; Singh, Rashpal; Jain, Aaron K.; Karande, Snehal K.; Saradna, Arjun; Prashanth, U.

2013-01-01

268

Thyroid Storm Complicated by Bicytopenia and Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation  

PubMed Central

Patient: Male, 23 Final Diagnosis: Thyroid storm Symptoms: Delirium • diarrhea • fever • hypertension • hyperventilation • tachycardia • weight loss Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Endocrinology and Metabolic Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: The clinical presentation of thyroid storm includes fever, tachycardia, hypertension, and neurological abnormalities. It is a serious condition with a high mortality rate. Furthermore, some other complications affect the clinical course of thyroid storm. Although it is reported that prognosis is poor when thyroid storm is complicated by disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome (DIC) and leukopenia, reports of such cases are rare. Case Report: A 23-year-old man presented with delirium, high pyrexia, diarrhea, and weight loss of 18 kg over 2 months. According to the criteria of Burch and Wartofsky, he was diagnosed with thyroid storm on the basis of his symptom-complex and laboratory data that confirmed the presence of hyperthyroidism. Investigations also found leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, all of which are very rare complications of thyroid storm. We successfully treated him with combined therapy including anti-thyroid medication, despite leukopenia. Conclusions: Early diagnosis and treatment are essential in ensuring a good outcome for patients with this rare combination of medical problems. PMID:25072662

Tokushima, Yoshinori; Sakanishi, Yuta; Nagae, Kou; Tokushima, Midori; Tago, Masaki; Tomonaga, Motosuke; Yoshioka, Tsuneaki; Hyakutake, Masaki; Sugioka, Takashi; Yamashita, Shu-ichi

2014-01-01

269

Major complications of omphalitis in neonates and infants.  

PubMed

Omphalitis is a common problem in developing countries, and a wide range of complications requiring surgery may occur. We conducted a retrospective review of 19 neonates and infants treated for major complications of omphalitis: 13 boys and 6 girls aged 5-75 days (median 33 days). Five (26%) patients presented with spontaneous evisceration of small bowel through the umbilical cicatrix, resulting in intestinal gangrene in 1. Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) occurred in 5 (26%) patients involving mainly the scrotum, and in 2 involving the penis as well. Three (16%) patients had peritonitis, resulting in intra-abdominal abscesses in 2. Three (16%) had superficial abscesses, 2 (11%) had hepatic abscesses resulting in extensive destruction of the left lobe in 1, and 1 (5%) developed an adhesive intestinal obstruction. Although Staphylococcus aureus was the most commonly cultured organism, many cultures were sterile due to the use of antibiotics before presentation. Treatments consisted of repair of the umbilical cicatrix for evisceration (and intestinal resection for gangrene), radical debridement for NF, drainage and lavage for peritonitis, drainage of superficial abscesses, and lysis of adhesions. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were also given. No patient developed tetanus. One patient died from peritonitis. There was no death from NF. As serious complications may result from omphalitis in neonates and infants, with high morbidity and possible mortality, early recognition and prompt treatment are necessary for a good outcome. PMID:12415368

Ameh, Emmanuel A; Nmadu, Paul T

2002-09-01

270

Biomarkers of vascular complications in type 2 diabetes.  

PubMed

People with T2D are at substantially increased risk of developing severe complications, (coronary heart disease, stroke, retinopathy and nephropathy). Clinicians have an important responsibility to identify those patients who, because they are at high risk, will benefit more from a preventive program or intensified therapy. However, due to the limited accuracy of the predictive tests, and limited effectiveness of preventive measures, clinicians and their patients show a suboptimal compliance to such programs. An improved risk assessment will positively impact cost/benefit ratios, opening the door for new intervention. Research involving human genetic or genomic information becomes increasingly powerful and, in conjunction with other novel biomarkers, together with personal or health data, will offer new tools for harnessing risk factors underlying complex (multi-factorial) diseases such as T2D and its complications. Altogether, there is a rationale to develop early biomarkers with improved predictive value for vascular complications of T2D by integrating patients' genetic information with traditional and emerging biomarkers. PMID:25468145

Tremblay, Johanne; Hamet, Pavel

2015-03-01

271

Correlation between Complicated Diverticulitis and Visceral Fat  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of complications related to diverticulitis and visceral obesity. The study was based on a retrospective case note review conducted at the Hanyang University Hospital. Patients were diagnosed with diverticulitis based on clinical symptoms and abdominal computed tomography (CT) findings and divided into two groups: those admitted with complicated diverticulitis and those with a simple diverticulitis episode. We compared the body mass index (BMI) and degree of visceral obesity, measured by abdominal CT. The study included 140 patients, 87 (62.1%) were simple diverticulitis and 53 (37.9%) were complicated diverticulitis. In the complicated diverticulitis group, 9 (6.4%) cases were recurrent, 29 (20.7%) were perforation or abscess patients, and 28 (20%) were patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Of the SIRS patients, 13 were involved in other complication groups. When comparing in the two groups, the complicated diverticulitis group had a significantly higher visceral fat area (128.57 cm2 vs 102.80 cm2, P = 0.032) and a higher ratio of visceral fat area/subcutaneous fat area (0.997 vs 0.799, P = 0.014). Visceral obesity is significantly associated with complications of diverticulitis. PMID:22022188

Jeong, Jong Heon; Kim, Jin Ok; Tae, Hye Jin; Jung, Suk Hyun; Lee, Kang Nyeong; Jun, Dae Won; Lee, Oh Young; Yoon, Byung Chul; Choi, Ho Soon; Hahm, Joon Soo; Song, Soon Young

2011-01-01

272

Complications of optical colonoscopy: CT findings.  

PubMed

The development of colorectal cancer screening programs in many countries has led to increasingly large numbers of patients undergoing optical colonoscopy. Although acute complications from screening optical colonoscopy are uncommon, they may occur in up to 5% or more of patients where biopsies or therapeutic procedures are performed. Abdominal radiographs are of value only for the detection of intraperitoneal perforation. There is a wide spectrum of other important associated complications. Such complications are most reliably identified using abdominal and pelvic CT, which also can guide appropriate conservative, interventional, or surgical management. PMID:25173660

Daly, Barry; Lu, Minh; Pickhardt, Perry J; Menias, Christine O; Abbas, Maher A; Katz, Douglas S

2014-09-01

273

Complications of intravesical bacillus calmette-guérin.  

PubMed

Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an important treatment for the management of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer because of its proven efficacy and favourable safety profile. The most common complications associated with BCG treatment are relatively minor. They include urinary frequency, cystitis, fever, and hematuria. Although serious complications are rare, patients can develop severe, life-threatening sepsis with disseminated mycobacterial infection. We report a rare case of periurethral diverticulum formation after intravesical BCG and review the literature on the potential complications of this treatment modality. PMID:25210559

Macleod, Liam C; Ngo, Tin C; Gonzalgo, Mark L

2014-07-01

274

Switching antiretroviral therapy to minimize metabolic complications  

PubMed Central

Advances in HIV therapy have made living with HIV for decades a reality for many patients. However, antiretroviral therapy has been associated with multiple long-term complications, including dyslipidemia, fat redistribution, insulin resistance and increased cardiovascular risk. As newer agents with improved metabolic profiles have become available, there is growing interest in the safety and efficacy of switching ART as a strategy to reduce long-term complications. This article reviews recently published data on switching ART to minimize the contributions of specific agents to these complications. PMID:22171239

Lake, Jordan E; Currier, Judith S

2011-01-01

275

Management of complications in glaucoma surgery.  

PubMed

Surgical option for glaucoma is considered when other modalities are not working out to keep the intraocular pressure under control. Since the surgical procedures for glaucoma disrupt the integrity of the globe, they are known to produce various complications. Some of those complications can be vision-threatening. To minimize the morbidity, it is very important that one should know how to prevent them, recognize them and treat them. The objective of this article is to provide insight into some of those complications that will help the ophthalmologists in treating glaucoma patients in their clinical practice. PMID:21150025

Vijaya, Lingam; Manish, Panday; Ronnie, George; Shantha, B

2011-01-01

276

Complications of posterior cruciate ligament surgery.  

PubMed

In addition to standard risks associated with all orthopedic surgical procedures, posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction poses some relatively unique potential complications. These complications arise from a combination of several factors: the relative infrequency of PCL injuries, the lack of knowledge and experience in treating them, the proximity of neurovascular structures to the PCL, and the technically demanding nature of reconstructive procedures. This article discusses the anatomy, pathogenesis, and prevention of intraoperative and postoperative complications of PCL surgery including neurovascular injury, osteonecrosis, fracture, motion loss, and persistent laxity. PMID:21079507

Zawodny, Sarah R; Miller, Mark D

2010-12-01

277

Infectious complications in patients with liver cirrhosis.  

PubMed

Liver cirrhosis is the end stage of any chronic liver disease. Complications occurring in patients with liver cirrhosis may be specific to this pathology and to gastroenterology (upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy) or may interfere with other specialties (hepatorenal syndrome, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and other localized infectious complications). Over the past few decades, major efforts have been made to increase survival in patients with cirrhosis, but unfortunately, few therapeutic methods have been proven effective. Bacterial infections are frequent and serious complications of liver cirrhosis, resulting in high morbidity and mortality, especially in hospitalized patients, despite significant progress in health care for those with advanced liver disease. PMID:25341269

Preda, Sînziana; Trifan, Anca; Gîrleanu, Irina; Stanciu, C; Cojocariu, Camelia

2014-01-01

278

Complications following endoscopic intracranial procedures in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The significant technological improvement of endoscopic instrumentation has allowed, in the last 10 years, a widespread diffusion\\u000a of neuroendoscopic procedures. Nevertheless, severe, sometimes life-threatening, complications may occur during neuroendoscopic\\u000a surgery, and the incidence and age specificity of complications in children have been underdescribed so far.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  Complications recorded in a prospectively collected database of pediatric patients undergoing neuroendoscopic procedures were

Giuseppe Cinalli; Pietro Spennato; Claudio Ruggiero; Ferdinando Aliberti; Vincenzo Trischitta; Maria Consiglio Buonocore; Emilio Cianciulli; Giuseppe Maggi

2007-01-01

279

Brain sonography in African infants with complicated sporadic bacterial meningitis  

PubMed Central

Background: To determine the structural findings in brain sonography of African infants with complicated sporadic bacterial meningitis. Materials and Methods: Retrospective assessment of medical records of patients who underwent brain sonography on account of complicated bacterial meningitis. The brain sonography was carried out over a 4-year period (between September 15, 2004 and September 14, 2008). Result: A total of 86 infants were studied (40 boys and 46 girls in a ratio of 1:1.1); more than 70% of the patients were aged below 6 months. Presenting complaint included convulsion with fever in 34 (39.53%), persistent fever 20 (23.26%), bulging fontanelles 8 (9.30%), coma 7 (8.14%) and sepsis with convulsion 6 (6.98%), among others. Patients’ place of previous treatment included specialist hospitals 33 (38.37%), private hospitals 21 (24.42%), herbal home centres 12 (13.95%), nursing homes 8 (9.30%), patent medicine stores 7 (8.14%) and other non-doctor attended clinics 5 (5.81%) infants. The sonographic findings included hydrocephalus 36 (41.86%), cerebral infarction 12 (13.95%), encephalocoele 9 (10.49%) and intracerebral abscess 7 (8.14%) infants. Cerebritis 5 (5.81%), intracerebral hemorrhage 3 (3.49%), porocephalic cysts 2 (2.33%), cerebral oedema 2 (2.33%), intraventricular haemorrhage 1 (1.16%) and subdural collection 1 (1.16%) infants; 8 patients (9.30%) had normal findings. Conclusion: Hydrocephalus, cerebral infarction and intracerebral abscess were the most common complications elicited by sonography in this study. Early and adequate treatment with antibiotics in patients with persistent fever and convulsion with fever will reduce the complications of meningitis and its long-term neurological sequelae. PMID:24403710

Eze, Kenneth C.; Enukegwu, Sam U.; Odike, Angela I.

2013-01-01

280

Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy: Perioperative Complications in an Initial and Consecutive Series of 80 Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: We retrospectively evaluated the intraoperative and early postoperative complications of the initial experience with the first 80 laparoscopic radical prostatectomies performed at our institution.Methods: Between January 17, 2001 and July 24, 2002, 80 patients between 53 and 78 years old (mean age 63.8) with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with the Montsouris technique. A total of

Andrea Gregori; Alchiede Simonato; Andrea Lissiani; Andrea Bozzola; Stefano Galli; Franco Gaboardi

2003-01-01

281

Haemophilus influenzae Disease (Including Hib) Complications  

MedlinePLUS

... given to prevent complications. Learn more about using antibiotics for respiratory infections . Related Links Global Hib Vaccination Hib Vaccination Meningitis Pneumonia File Formats Help: How do I view different file formats (PDF, DOC, PPT, MPEG) on ...

282

Late Complication of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy  

PubMed Central

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is gaining popularity for the treatment of morbid obesity. It is a simple, low-cost procedure resulting in significant weight loss within a short period of time. LSG is a safe procedure with a low complication rate. The complications encountered nevertheless can result in morbidity and even mortality. The most significant complications are staple-line bleeding, stricture, and staple-line leak. The purpose of this paper is to present a patient who suffered from a staple-line leak presenting 16 months after LSG. Review of the current literature regarding this complication as well as outline of a strategy for the management of post-LSG gastric leaks is suggested. PMID:23662218

Assalia, Ahmad; Kluger, Yoram

2013-01-01

283

A complicated case of renal artery stenosis.  

PubMed

We present a boy with bilateral renal artery stenosis who presented with severe hypertension and haemorrhagic stroke. The diagnostic workup along with a complication of eventual surgical intervention are demonstrated. PMID:22368652

Chetcuti-Ganado, C; Samuel, A; Grech, V

2005-07-01

284

Avoidance and Management of Stomal Complications  

PubMed Central

The construction of an intestinal stoma is fraught with complications and should not be considered a trivial undertaking. Serious complications requiring immediate reoperations can occur, as can minor problems that will subject the patient to daily and nightly distress. Intestinal stomas undoubtedly will dramatically change lifestyles; patients will experience physiologic and psychologic detriment with stoma-related problems, however minor they may seem. Common complications include poor stoma siting, high output, skin irritation, ischemia, retraction, parastomal hernia (PH), and prolapse. Surgeons should be cognizant of these complications before, during, and after stoma creation, and adequate measures should be taken to avoid them. In this review, the authors highlight these often seen problems and discuss management and prevention strategies. PMID:24436659

Kwiatt, Michael; Kawata, Michitaka

2013-01-01

285

Fertility Treatments Have Low Complication Rates  

MedlinePLUS

... procedures. As the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in the United States increases, efforts have been ... better understanding of how these changes have improved ART complication rates, the researchers examined statistics and trends ...

286

[Varicella complicated by pericarditis and pneumonia].  

PubMed

Varicella is a highly infectious disease mainly affecting young children under 14 years of age, and being generally mild. In adults immunodeficient children and neonates exposed in utero, the illness tends to be more severe with higher incidence of complications. The type of complication is linked to the age: in children, bacterial infection of skin lesions and acute cerebellar ataxia are more frequent while lower respiratory tract infection, Reye syndrome and encephalitis are less common. Varicella pneumonia is found typically in adult patients and diffuse encephalitis which course is worse than children could be less frequently. Acute pericarditis is an exceptional complication with a benign course, but only if myocarditis or pericardial effusion are not concurrent. It usually appears in teenagers and young adults; only a few times, it has been linked to other complications as pneumonia or arthritis. We report a varicella case in an adult patient who suffered from pneumonia and pericarditis, both of them were benign. PMID:8679843

Rivera Cívico, F; Omar, M; Aliaga Martínez, L; Mendoza, J; Jiménez-Alonso, J

1996-03-01

287

A review of cardiovascular complications accompanying AIDS.  

PubMed

Manifestations of cardiovascular system involvement are not uncommon complications of HIV infection, especially in AIDS patients. However, the frequency of these manifestations is influenced by different variables including: survival prolongation in HIV-infected patients, because of advances in antiretroviral treatment; improvement of immunodepression and reduction in the occurrence of opportunistic infections; adverse effects of some drugs. At present, on the whole cardiovascular complications that are HIV correlated in the western world, including Italy, occur less frequently than in the past. However complications associated with alterations in lipometabolism prevail because they can be promoted by some protease inhibitors in predisposed subjects. The most frequently reported questions and a careful analysis of recent data in the medical literature regarding the most common HIV-correlated cardiovascular complications are discussed in this review. PMID:15124176

Pugliese, A; Gennero, L; Vidotto, V; Beltramo, T; Petrini, S; Torre, D

2004-01-01

288

Management of the Complicated Sports Concussion Patient  

PubMed Central

Context: Whereas the majority of sports concussions are isolated self-limited events, some patients have more complicated presentations and management needs. This review presents a framework for the management of these complicated concussion patients. Evidence Acquisition: A MEDLINE search for the years 1990 to 2009 was performed using the search terms concussion and athletic injuries. Secondary search terms included symptom, incidence, treatment, and risk factor. The Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy grading system was used for all clinical recommendations. Results: Patterns of complicated sports concussion presentations were identified from literature review, anecdote, and personal experience of the author and colleagues. All clinical recommendations carry a grade of C, unless otherwise noted. Conclusion: The sports medicine provider should be aware of certain patterns of complicated sports concussion presentations in order to use a patient-focused approach to management. PMID:23015938

2010-01-01

289

Cirrhosis and its complications: Evidence based treatment  

PubMed Central

Cirrhosis results from progressive fibrosis and is the final outcome of all chronic liver disease. It is among the ten leading causes of death in United States. Cirrhosis can result in portal hypertension and/or hepatic dysfunction. Both of these either alone or in combination can lead to many complications, including ascites, varices, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatopulmonary syndrome, and coagulation disorders. Cirrhosis and its complications not only impair quality of life but also decrease survival. Managing patients with cirrhosis can be a challenge and requires an organized and systematic approach. Increasing physicians’ knowledge about prevention and treatment of these potential complications is important to improve patient outcomes. A literature search of the published data was performed to provide a comprehensive review regarding the management of cirrhosis and its complications. PMID:24833875

Nusrat, Salman; Khan, Muhammad S; Fazili, Javid; Madhoun, Mohammad F

2014-01-01

290

Pregnancy Complications and Later Development of Hypertension.  

PubMed

Pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and diabetes affect approximately 5 to 10 % of all pregnancies and compromise maternal and fetal health during gestation. Complications during pregnancy may also contribute to the development of hypertension and future cardiovascular risk in the mother. Moreover, fetal exposure to hypertension and diabetes during pregnancy can program hypertension and cardiovascular disease in the offspring. Transgenerational transmission of programmed cardiovascular risk highlights the importance of understanding the mechanisms that link complications during pregnancy with later hypertension in her offspring and subsequent generations. However, experimental studies are needed to investigate the cause and effect of increased blood pressure in the mother following a complicated pregnancy and provide insight into the development of preventative measures that may improve the long-term cardiovascular health of women and their offspring. PMID:23914279

Intapad, Suttira; Alexander, Barbara T

2013-06-01

291

Clinical spectrum of levodopa-induced complications.  

PubMed

The first years of Parkinson disease (PD) treatment are marked by good and sustained responses to dopaminergic therapy. With disease progression and longer exposure to levodopa (l-dopa), patients develop a range of l-dopa-induced complications that include motor and non-motor symptoms. Motor complications include motor fluctuations, characterized by periods of reduced benefit from the medication, and l-dopa-induced dyskinesia, characterized by emergence of hyperkinetic involuntary movements. Dyskinesia can occur at peak effect of l-dopa, at the beginning and end of dose, or between doses. These motor complications are often associated with fluctuations in non-motor symptoms, particularly fluctuations in neuropsychiatric, autonomic, and sensory symptoms. Recognizing such complications and understanding their relationship with the timing of l-dopa doses is essential for adequate diagnosis and management. © 2014 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society. PMID:25488260

Aquino, Camila Catherine; Fox, Susan H

2014-12-01

292

Complications of cirrhosis. I. Portal hypertension.  

PubMed

Increased resistance to portal blood flow is the primary factor in the pathophysiology of portal hypertension, and is mainly determined by the morphological changes occurring in chronic liver diseases. This is aggravated by a dynamic component, due to the active-reversible- contraction of different elements of the porto-hepatic bed. A decreased synthesis of NO in the intrahepatic circulation is the main determinant of this dynamic component. This provides a rationale for the use of vasodilators to reduce intrahepatic resistance and portal pressure. Another factor contributing to aggravate the portal hypertension is a significant increase in portal blood flow, caused by arteriolar splanchnic vasodilation and hyperkinetic circulation. Splanchnic arteriolar vasodilation is a multifactorial phenomenon, which may involve local (endothelial) mechanisms as well as neurogenic and humoral pathways. Most pharmacological treatments have been aimed at correcting the increased portal blood inflow by the use of splanchnic vasoconstrictors, such as beta-blockers, vasopressin derivatives and somatostatin. Several studies have demonstrated that changes in the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) during maintenance therapy are useful to identify those patients who are going to have a variceal bleeding or rebleeding. The wide individual variation in the HVPG response to pharmacological treatment makes it desirable to schedule follow-up measurements of HVPG during pharmacological therapy. A priority for research in the forthcoming years is to develop accurate non-invasive methods to assess prognosis, which can be used to substitute or as surrogate indicators of the HVPG response. In the clinical management of portal hypertension, beta-blockers are at present the only accepted treatment for the prevention of variceal bleeding. Whether the association of isosorbide-5-mononitrate will improve the high efficacy of beta-blockers is questionable. The efficacy of more aggressive techniques, such as endoscopic band ligation, should be further tested against beta-blockers in patients with a high risk of bleeding. In the treatment of acute variceal bleeding, administration of somatostatin or terlipressin is an established therapy. It may be used alone or, preferably, as an initial treatment before sclerotherapy or endoscopic band ligation. No more than two sessions of endoscopic treatment should be used to control the bleeding. If the bleeding is not easily controlled, other alternatives such as transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) or derivative surgery should be considered, the former being the best in patients with poor liver function. Recent studies suggest that early measurement of HVPG during variceal bleeding may be used as a guide for therapeutic decisions in the treatment of patients with acute variceal bleeding. Those patients with a high HVPG have a high risk of poor evolution, and may be candidates for more intensive and aggressive therapy, such as surgery or TIPS. Those with lower HVPG have a very high probability of an uneventful evolution, and may thus be managed more conservatively using medical and endoscopic treatments. Pharmacological agents (propranolol or nadolol), endoscopic treatment (preferably banding ligation) or surgery can be used to prevent rebleeding. A pending task for the new millennium is to assess whether the early treatment of asymptomatic, compensated cirrhotic patients with portal pressure reducing agents can prevent the development of esophageal varices and of other complications of portal hypertension. PMID:10728801

Bosch, J; García-Pagán, J C

2000-01-01

293

Neurological Complications of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have long been recognized. The causes are numerous, including\\u000a chemoradiotoxicity, medication toxicity, metabolic abnormalities, organ failure, graft versus host disease, infection, pancytopenia,\\u000a and platelet dysfunction. This chapter summarizes the disorders affecting the nervous system associated with hematopoietic\\u000a stem cell transplantation. As the number of transplants performed annually increases, potential neurologic complications are\\u000a being seen

Eudocia Quant; Patrick Y. Wen

294

[Surgical and infectious complications after kidney transplantation].  

PubMed

Analysis of 100 consecutive cadaverous renal transplants revealed significantly better long-term graft function and patient survival rates and lower incidence of surgical postoperative complications in the second 50 transplants in comparison with the first 50 transplants. The incidence of infectious complications declined with the decrease in the corticosteroids dosage. Severe mycotic infections were prevented by prophylactic administration of antimycotic drugs and by shortening the period of prophylactic antibiotic treatment to 24 hours. PMID:2336590

Valenta, J; Klecka, J; Podzimek, A; Opatrný, K

1990-01-01

295

Ocular and visual complications of head injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo evaluate the pattern of ocular and visual complications of head injury.MethodA prospective study of 225 head-injured patients managed at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. For the purpose of extracting vaisual complications, a Neurosurgeon and an Ophthalmologist examined each patient and appropriate investigations were carried out. Patients with ocular morbidity were analysed for age, sex, cause of

T O Odebode; D S Ademola-Popoola; T A Ojo; A A Ayanniyi

2005-01-01

296

Esophageal rupture complicated by acute pericarditis.  

PubMed

Esophageal perforation is a serious condition with a high mortality rate. Delayed detection of esophageal perforation may result in devastating complications such as mediastinitis and pericarditis. Esophageal perforation is rarely due to aspiration of foreign bodies. Here we report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with complicated esophageal perforation due to ingestion of a chicken bone, whose first signs are considered to be acute non-specific pericarditis. PMID:25490302

Duman, Hakan; Bak?rc?, Eftal Murat; Karada?, Zakir; U?urlu, Yavuz

2014-10-01

297

Pleural space complications associated with lung transplantation.  

PubMed

Lung transplantation represents a life-saving option for some end-stage lung diseases. Despite the magnitude of anatomic manipulation and the fragility of the patient population, the procedures have become progressively safer. Perioperative morbidity, however, remains high. Pleural space complications are particularly common. This article discusses hemothorax, chylothorax, air leak or pneumothorax, recurrent effusion, empyema, trapped lung, and chronic pleural complications. PMID:25430432

Arndt, Andrew; Boffa, Daniel J

2015-01-01

298

Managing complications associated with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity  

PubMed Central

Obesity has become a major health concern in Canada. This has resulted in a steady rise in the number of bariatric surgical procedures being performed nationwide. The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is not only the most common bariatric procedure, but also the gold standard to which all others are compared. With this in mind, it is imperative that all gastrointestinal surgeons understand the LRYGB and have a working knowledge of the common postoperative complications and their management. Early postoperative complications following LRYGB that demand immediate recognition include anastomotic or staple line leak, postoperative hemorrhage, bowel obstruction and incorrect Roux limb reconstructions. Later complications may be challenging to differentiate from other gastrointestinal disorders and include anastomotic stricture, marginal ulceration, fistula formation, weight gain and nutritional deficiencies. We discuss the principles involved in the management of each complication and the timing of referral to specialist bariatric centres. PMID:22854113

Griffith, P. Sahle; Birch, Daniel W.; Sharma, Arya M.; Karmali, Shahzeer

2012-01-01

299

Diabetic complications and dysregulated innate immunity.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that leads to the development of a number of complications. The etiology of each diabetic complication is undoubtedly multifactorial. We will focus on one potential component that may be common in many diabetic complications, dysregulation of innate immunity associated with an increased inflammatory response. High glucose levels lead to shunting through the polyol pathway, an increase in diacylglycerol which activates protein kinase C, an increase in the release of electrons that react with oxygen molecules to form superoxides, and the non-enzymatic glycosylation of proteins that result in greater formation of advanced glycation end products. Each of these can lead to aberrant cell signalling that affects innate immunity for example, by activating the MAP kinase pathway or inducing activation of transcription factors such as NF-kappaB. This may be a common feature of several complications including periodontal disease, atherosclerosis, nephropathy, impaired healing and retinopathy. These complications are frequently associated with increased expression of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-6 and enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species. Cause and effect relationship between dysregulation of key components of innate immunity and diabetic complications in many instances have been demonstrated with the use of cytokine blockers and antioxidants. PMID:17981625

Graves, Dana T; Kayal, Rayyan A

2008-01-01

300

Early Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter explores the connections and disconnections between children’s oral language\\u000a \\u000a and early literacy\\u000a \\u000a . It begins with studies of oral language\\u000a \\u000a as a predictor of early literacy\\u000a \\u000a and then moves on to exploring early literacy\\u000a \\u000a development in homes, early education and care, and the first years of school. Examples of pedagogies incorporating children’s\\u000a ‘funds of knowledge’ from homes and

Susan Hill

301

Periannular complications in infective endocarditis involving prosthetic aortic valves.  

PubMed

The periannular extension of infection in prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is a serious complication of infective endocarditis associated with high mortality. Periannular lesions in PVE occasionally rupture into adjacent cardiac chambers, leading to aortocavitary fistulae and intracardiac shunting. It is unknown whether the prognosis of patients with aortocavitary fistulae is worse than that of those with nonruptured abscesses. The aims of this study were to determine the distinctive clinical characteristics of patients with PVE and either aortocavitary fistulization or nonruptured abscesses. In a retrospective multicenter study of >872 PVE episodes, 150 patients (17%) with periannular complications in PVE in the aortic position were identified (29 with aortocavitary fistulization and 121 with nonruptured abscesses). Early-onset PVE was present in 73 patients (49%). Rates of heart failure (p = 0.09), ventricular septal defect (p <0.01), and third-degree atrioventricular block (p = 0.07) were higher in patients with fistulization. Surgical treatment was undertaken in 128 patients (83%). In-hospital mortality in the overall population was 39%. Multivariate analysis identified heart failure (odds ratio [OR] 3.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6 to 6.8), renal failure (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.2 to 5.2), and co-morbidity (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.1 to 5.1) as independent risk factors for death. Fistulous tract formation was not associated with increased in-hospital mortality (OR 1.6, 95% CI 0.7 to 3.7). The actuarial 5-year survival rate in surgical survivors was 100% in patients with fistulae and 78% in patients with nonruptured abscesses (log-rank p = 0.14). In conclusion, aortocavitary fistulous tract formation in PVE complicated with periannular complications is associated with higher rates of heart failure, ventricular septal defect, and atrioventricular block than nonruptured abscesses. Despite the frequent complications, fistulous tract formation in the current era of infective endocarditis is not an independent risk factor for mortality. PMID:17056343

Anguera, Ignasi; Miro, Jose M; San Roman, Jose Alberto; de Alarcon, Aristides; Anguita, Manuel; Almirante, Benito; Evangelista, Artur; Cabell, Christopher H; Vilacosta, Isidre; Ripoll, Tomas; Muñoz, Patricia; Navas, Enrique; Gonzalez-Juanatey, Carlos; Sarria, Cristina; Garcia-Bolao, Ignacio; Fariñas, M Carmen; Rufi, Gabriel; Miralles, Francisco; Pare, Carles; Fowler, Vance G; Mestres, Carlos A; de Lazzari, Elisa; Guma, Joan R; del Río, Ana; Corey, G Ralph

2006-11-01

302

Assessment of Complications After Pancreatic Surgery  

PubMed Central

Objective: To define a simple and reproducible classification of complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) based on a therapy-oriented severity grading system. Background: While mortality is rare after PD, morbidity rates remain high. The lack of standardization in evaluating morbidity after PD has severely hampered meaningful comparisons over time and among centers. We adapted a novel classification of complication to stratify morbidity by severity after PD, to test whether the incidence of pancreatic fistula has changed over time, and to identify risk factors in a single North American center. Methods: The classification was applied to a consecutive series of 633 patients undergoing PD between February 2003 and August 2005. Another series of 141 patients treated between 1987 and 1990 was also analyzed to identify changes in the incidence and severity of fistula. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to link respective complications with preoperative and intraoperative parameters, length of hospital stay, and long-term survival. Results: A total of 263 (41.5%) patients did not develop any complication, while 370 (58.5%) had at least one complication; 62 (10.0%) patients had only grade I complications (no need for specific intervention), 192 patients (30.0%) had grade II (need for drug therapy such as antibiotics), 85 patients (13.5%) had grade III (need for invasive therapy), and 19 patients (3.0%) had grade IV complications (organ dysfunction with ICU stay). Grade V (death) occurred in 12 patients (2.0%). A total of 57 patients (9.0%) developed pancreatic fistula, of which 33 (58.0%) were classified as grade II, 17 (30.0%) as grade III, 5 (9.0%) as grade IV, and 2 (3.5%) as grade V. Delayed gastric emptying was documented in 80 patients (12.7%); half of them were scored as grade II and the other half as grade III. A significant decrease in the incidence of fistula was observed between the 2 periods analyzed (14.0% vs. 9.0%, P < 0.001), mostly due to a decrease in grade II fistula. Cardiovascular disease was a risk factor for overall morbidity and complication severity, while texture of the gland and cardiovascular disease were risk factors for pancreatic fistula. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the applicability and utility of a new classification in grading complications following pancreatic surgery. This novel approach may provide a standardized, objective, and reproducible assessment of pancreas surgery enabling meaningful comparison among centers and over time. PMID:17122618

DeOliveira, Michelle L.; Winter, Jordan M.; Schafer, Markus; Cunningham, Steven C.; Cameron, John L.; Yeo, Charles J.; Clavien, Pierre-Alain

2006-01-01

303

Acute complications of spinal cord injuries.  

PubMed

The aim of this paper is to give an overview of acute complications of spinal cord injury (SCI). Along with motor and sensory deficits, instabilities of the cardiovascular, thermoregulatory and broncho-pulmonary system are common after a SCI. Disturbances of the urinary and gastrointestinal systems are typical as well as sexual dysfunction. Frequent complications of cervical and high thoracic SCI are neurogenic shock, bradyarrhythmias, hypotension, ectopic beats, abnormal temperature control and disturbance of sweating, vasodilatation and autonomic dysreflexia. Autonomic dysreflexia is an abrupt, uncontrolled sympathetic response, elicited by stimuli below the level of injury. The symptoms may be mild like skin rash or slight headache, but can cause severe hypertension, cerebral haemorrhage and death. All personnel caring for the patient should be able to recognize the symptoms and be able to intervene promptly. Disturbance of respiratory function are frequent in tetraplegia and a primary cause of both short and long-term morbidity and mortality is pulmonary complications. Due to physical inactivity and altered haemostasis, patients with SCI have a higher risk of venous thromboembolism and pressure ulcers. Spasticity and pain are frequent complications which need to be addressed. The psychological stress associated with SCI may lead to anxiety and depression. Knowledge of possible complications during the acute phase is important because they may be life threatening and/ or may lead to prolonged rehabilitation. PMID:25621207

Hagen, Ellen Merete

2015-01-18

304

Catecholamine predictors of complicated grief treatment outcomes.  

PubMed

Could sympathetic hyperarousal limit treatment success in complicated grief? The present study investigated persons with complicated grief, a chronic condition with distinct symptoms including persistent intense yearning and longing for the person who died, avoidance of reminders that the person is gone, deep relentless sadness, self-blame, bitterness, or anger in connection with the death, and an inability to gain satisfaction or joy through engaging in meaningful activities or relationships with significant others. Length of bereavement did not correlate with complicated grief scores. Catecholamines (i.e., epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine) in plasma were assessed pre- and post-psychotherapeutic treatment. Participants with the highest levels of epinephrine at pre-treatment had the highest levels of complicated grief symptoms at post-treatment, accounting for baseline levels of symptoms. This predictive relationship was not seen for depressive symptoms. The present study supports the hypothesis that catecholamine levels are affected by bereavement, and in turn, can affect the ability of those with complicated grief to benefit from psychotherapy. PMID:23044089

O'Connor, Mary-Frances; Shear, M Katherine; Fox, Rachel; Skritskaya, Natalia; Campbell, Bevin; Ghesquiere, Angela; Glickman, Kim

2013-06-01

305

Gut microbiota-related complications in cirrhosis  

PubMed Central

Gut microbiota plays an important role in cirrhosis. The liver is constantly challenged with commensal bacteria and their products arriving through the portal vein in the so-called gut-liver axis. Bacterial translocation from the intestinal lumen through the intestinal wall and to mesenteric lymph nodes is facilitated by intestinal bacterial overgrowth, impairment in the permeability of the intestinal mucosal barrier, and deficiencies in local host immune defences. Deranged clearance of endogenous bacteria from portal and systemic circulation turns the gut into the major source of bacterial-related complications. Liver function may therefore be affected by alterations in the composition of the intestinal microbiota and a role for commensal flora has been evidenced in the pathogenesis of several complications arising in end-stage liver disease such as hepatic encephalopathy, splanchnic arterial vasodilatation and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. The use of antibiotics is the main therapeutic pipeline in the management of these bacteria-related complications. However, other strategies aimed at preserving intestinal homeostasis through the use of pre-, pro- or symbiotic formulations are being studied in the last years. In this review, the role of intestinal microbiota in the development of the most frequent complications arising in cirrhosis and the different clinical and experimental studies conducted to prevent or improve these complications by modifying the gut microbiota composition are summarized. PMID:25400446

Gómez-Hurtado, Isabel; Such, José; Sanz, Yolanda; Francés, Rubén

2014-01-01

306

Acute complications of spinal cord injuries  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper is to give an overview of acute complications of spinal cord injury (SCI). Along with motor and sensory deficits, instabilities of the cardiovascular, thermoregulatory and broncho-pulmonary system are common after a SCI. Disturbances of the urinary and gastrointestinal systems are typical as well as sexual dysfunction. Frequent complications of cervical and high thoracic SCI are neurogenic shock, bradyarrhythmias, hypotension, ectopic beats, abnormal temperature control and disturbance of sweating, vasodilatation and autonomic dysreflexia. Autonomic dysreflexia is an abrupt, uncontrolled sympathetic response, elicited by stimuli below the level of injury. The symptoms may be mild like skin rash or slight headache, but can cause severe hypertension, cerebral haemorrhage and death. All personnel caring for the patient should be able to recognize the symptoms and be able to intervene promptly. Disturbance of respiratory function are frequent in tetraplegia and a primary cause of both short and long-term morbidity and mortality is pulmonary complications. Due to physical inactivity and altered haemostasis, patients with SCI have a higher risk of venous thromboembolism and pressure ulcers. Spasticity and pain are frequent complications which need to be addressed. The psychological stress associated with SCI may lead to anxiety and depression. Knowledge of possible complications during the acute phase is important because they may be life threatening and/ or may lead to prolonged rehabilitation. PMID:25621207

Hagen, Ellen Merete

2015-01-01

307

Congenital thrombophilia associated to obstetric complications.  

PubMed

During pregnancy there are hemostatic changes that result in a hypercoagulable state and can have thrombotic consequences. This condition can be aggravated in women who are carriers of congenital thrombophilic factors. This thrombotic tendency can manifest as thrombotic lesions in the placenta with compromise of utero-placental circulation, which are common characteristics present in obstetric complications, such as preeclampsia/eclampsia, miscarriage, fetal loss, intrauterine growth retardation, and abruptio placentae. In this paper we review data concerning about the association of congenital thrombophilia in pregnancy with obstetric complications, mainly preeclampsia and fetal loss, focusing in factor V Leiden and its related activated protein C resistance, prothrombin mutation G20210A and hyperhomocysteinemia related with C677T mutation of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. Although factor V Leiden has been the thrombophilic factor most studied, all three thrombophilic mutations have been related with obstetric complications; however, contradictory results about the specific association of each mutation with each type of obstetric complication are described. These discrepancies could obey to the ethnic difference of the studied groups, or to the fact that some studies were performed in closed populations with few migratory movement, where the genetic pool is relatively homogeneous, as well as the different inclusion and exclusion criteria. Even though this variability is present, the significance of recognizing true associations between these thrombophilic mutations and obstetric complications is essential in order to determine the likelihood of routinely screening for these conditions in pregnant women with risk factors for thrombosis and for carrying out specific prophylactic measures. PMID:12714837

Villarreal, Cynthia; García-Aguirre, Gerardo; Hernández, Carmen; Vega, Olynka; Borbolla, José R; Collados, María T

2002-10-01

308

Complications of Microsurgery of Vestibular Schwannoma  

PubMed Central

Background. The aim of this study was to analyze complications of vestibular schwannoma (VS) microsurgery. Material and Methods. A retrospective study was performed in 333 patients with unilateral vestibular schwannoma indicated for surgical treatment between January 1997 and December 2012. Postoperative complications were assessed immediately after VS surgery as well as during outpatient followup. Results. In all 333 patients microsurgical vestibular schwannoma (Koos grade 1: 12, grade 2: 34, grade 3: 62, and grade 4: 225) removal was performed. The main neurological complication was facial nerve dysfunction. The intermediate and poor function (HB III–VI) was observed in 124 cases (45%) immediately after surgery and in 104 cases (33%) on the last followup. We encountered disordered vestibular compensation in 13%, permanent trigeminal nerve dysfunction in 1%, and transient lower cranial nerves (IX–XI) deficit in 6%. Nonneurological complications included CSF leakage in 63% (lateral/medial variant: 99/1%), headache in 9%, and intracerebral hemorrhage in 5%. We did not encounter any case of meningitis. Conclusions. Our study demonstrates that despite the benefits of advanced high-tech equipment, refined microsurgical instruments, and highly developed neuroimaging technologies, there are still various and significant complications associated with vestibular schwannomas microsurgery. PMID:24987677

Zv??ina, Eduard; Balogová, Zuzana; Sk?ivan, Ji?í; Kraus, Josef; Syka, Josef; Chovanec, Martin

2014-01-01

309

Long-term complications of JJ stent and its management: A 5 years review  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To assess the long term complications of JJ stent, the management of complications and the role of endoscopic approach to manage these complications. Materials and Methods: Nineteen patients with indwelling JJ stent for a duration of more than 6 months were included in this study. Patients were assessed with X-ray KUB, USG KUB, blood urea, creatinine and DTPA renogram. Data were analyzed by Microsoft excel 2007. Results: Out of 19 patients 12 (63.16%) were male and 7 (36.84%) were female. The mean age was 39.78 ± 13.69 years., Mean duration for which the stent was in situ was 29.56 months. The most common complication was broken stent, in 11 cases (57.89%). Other complications were migration in 5 (26.32%), encrustation in 2 (10.52%) and 1 case of (5.26%) stone formation. Eighteen cases were managed by endoscopic approaches. A total of 22 procedures were performed to treat the complications. Eleven cases were managed by a single procedure and 8 patients required multiple procedures. All were managed successfully with no death reported. Post-operative complications were seen in eight cases (42.11%). Conclusions: JJ stent related long-term complications are not uncommon and are usually seen after 6 months of indwelling time. Endourological procedure should be the initial approach with a high success rate. Coordinated use multimodality and technology helps in management of difficult cases. Open surgery is rarely required. Prevention of the complication by judicious use and early removal is the cornerstone. PMID:25657542

Ray, Rajendra Prasad; Mahapatra, Rajkumar Singha; Mondal, Partha Pratim; Pal, Dilip Kumar

2015-01-01

310

The cost of diabetes chronic complications among Iranian people with type 2 diabetes mellitus  

PubMed Central

Background To evaluate the cost of diabetes related micro- and macrovascular complications in Iranian people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods In routine clinical practice, people with type 2 diabetes mellitus were assessed for 10 years at a diabetes care center. The type of medications and clinical data were extracted from patients’ documents. Mortality rate and the incidence of micro- and macrovascular complications recorded in patients’ documents were analyzed. Cost analysis was comprised of 1) para clinic costs as well as laboratory, medications, clinical visits and nonmedical costs 2) inpatient costs as well as hospital admission costs, disability, and mortality costs. Results From 1562 people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, a total of 1000 patients with mean duration disease of 11.2 years, who had completed information in their documents, were studied. All people were free from complications at baseline. Mean cumulative incidence of diabetes-related complications over 10 years were 10.9?±?3.5%, 8.0?±?3.1%, 4.6?±?1.7%, 9.1?±?3.6% and 2.3?±?0.9% for peripheral neuropathy and diabetic foot ulcer, nephropathy, ophthalmic complications, cardiovascular disease and death, respectively. People with better glycemic control had less complication and also related expenditures. Average para clinic cost per patient was 393.6?±?47.8 and average inpatient cost per patient was 1520.7?±?104.5 USD. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate considerable incidence of diabetes chronic complications and also high health care expenditure for related complications among our patients. As the number of people with diabetes continues to rise, early detection of the disease and implementation of timely and appropriate therapeutic strategies could decrease the burden of diabetes chronic complications and also huge related expenditures. PMID:24593991

2014-01-01

311

Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A Review of Neurologic Complications.  

PubMed

Hodgkin's lymphoma is a hematolymphoid neoplasm, primarily of B cell lineage, that has unique histologic, immunophenotypic, and clinical features. Neurologic complications of Hodgkin's Lymphoma can be separated into those that result directly from the disease, indirectly from the disease, or from its treatment. Direct neurologic dysfunction from Hodgkin's Lymphoma results from metastatic intracranial spinal disease, epidural metastases causing spinal cord/cauda equina compression, leptomeningeal metastases, or intradural intramedullary spinal cord metastases. Indirect neurologic dysfunction may be caused by paraneoplastic disorders (such as paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration or limbic encephalitis) and primary angiitis of the central nervous system. Hodgkin's lymphoma treatment typically includes chemotherapy or radiotherapy with potential treatment-related complications affecting the nervous system. Neurologic complications resulting from mantle-field radiotherapy include the "dropped head syndrome," acute brachial plexopathy, and transient ischemic attacks/cerebral infarcts. Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma may cause cerebral infarction (due to emboli from anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy) and peripheral neuropathy. PMID:20975772

Grimm, Sean; Chamberlain, Marc

2011-01-01

312

Complications of Bryan cervical disc replacement.  

PubMed

The primary goals of cervical disc replacement are to avoid fusion in the affected segment, maintain the mobility and function of the involved cervical segments, allow patients to quickly return to routine activities and reduce or eliminate adjacent-segment disease. A large number of patients have already undergone, and more and more patients will in the future undergo, cervical disc replacement. The cervical device which best preserves movement, and has therefore been the device of choice, has been the Bryan cervical disc. Although a safe surgical technique has been demonstrated and favorable results of using the Bryan disc reported, some complications have also accompanied this arthroplasty. Complications of Bryan cervical disc replacement include those related to the operative approach and decompression process, loosening and failure of the device, postoperative kyphosis, heterotopic ossification, and loss of movement due to spontaneous fusion. In order to avoid these complications, strict patient selection criteria and a meticulous knowledge of anatomy are necessary. PMID:22009921

Cao, Jun-ming; Zhang, Ying-ze; Shen, Yong; Ding, Wen-yuan

2010-05-01

313

Pathogenesis of diabetic cerebral vascular disease complication.  

PubMed

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most potent independent risk factors for the development of diabetic cerebral vascular disease (CVD). Many evidences suggested that hyperglycemia caused excess free fatty acids, the loss of endothelium-derived nitric oxide, insulin resistance, the prothrombotic state, endothelial dysfunction, the abnormal release of endothelial vasoactivators, vascular smooth muscle dysfunction, oxidative stress, and the downregulation of miRs participated in vessel generation and recovery as well as the balance of endotheliocytes. In turn, these abnormalities, mainly via phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase, mitogen-activated protein kinase, polyol, hexosamine, protein kinase C activation, and increased generation of advanced glycosylation end products pathway, play an important role in inducing diabetic CVD complication. A deeper comprehension of pathogenesis producing diabetic CVD could offer base for developing new therapeutic ways preventing diabetic CVD complications, therefore, in the paper we mainly reviewed present information about the possible pathogenesis of diabetic CVD complication. PMID:25685278

Xu, Ren-Shi

2015-02-15

314

Pathogenesis of diabetic cerebral vascular disease complication  

PubMed Central

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most potent independent risk factors for the development of diabetic cerebral vascular disease (CVD). Many evidences suggested that hyperglycemia caused excess free fatty acids, the loss of endothelium-derived nitric oxide, insulin resistance, the prothrombotic state, endothelial dysfunction, the abnormal release of endothelial vasoactivators, vascular smooth muscle dysfunction, oxidative stress, and the downregulation of miRs participated in vessel generation and recovery as well as the balance of endotheliocytes. In turn, these abnormalities, mainly via phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase, mitogen-activated protein kinase, polyol, hexosamine, protein kinase C activation, and increased generation of advanced glycosylation end products pathway, play an important role in inducing diabetic CVD complication. A deeper comprehension of pathogenesis producing diabetic CVD could offer base for developing new therapeutic ways preventing diabetic CVD complications, therefore, in the paper we mainly reviewed present information about the possible pathogenesis of diabetic CVD complication.

Xu, Ren-Shi

2015-01-01

315

Vasectomy complications at a family practice center.  

PubMed

Vasectomy is a safe, effective, economical, and convenient form of permanent sterilization since it can be performed in an outpatient setting. Seventy-three vasectomies were performed during a nine-year period at the Kanawha Valley Family Practice Center. The procedures were performed by family practice residents under the active instruction and supervision of the attending staff. The complication type and frequency are as follows: epididymitis, 5.5 per cent; sperm granuloma, 2.7 per cent; wound infection, 1.4 per cent, and hematoma, 12 per cent. No failures occurred in this study group. All of the complications were minor and responded to conservative medical management. The results of this study reveal that vasectomy complications at this teaching family practice center are comparable to those reported in the medical literature. This study therefore supports the opinion that vasectomies can be performed safely and taught by trained family practitioners in the outpatient setting. PMID:2781781

Beavers, C H

1989-09-01

316

Neurological Complications of Solid Organ Transplantation  

PubMed Central

Solid organ transplantation (SOT) is the preferred treatment for an expanding range of conditions whose successful therapy has produced a growing population of chronically immunosuppressed patients with potential neurological problems. While the spectrum of neurological complications varies with the type of organ transplanted, the indication for the procedure, and the intensity of long-term required immunosuppression, major neurological complications occur with all SOT types. The second part of this 2-part article on transplantation neurology reviews central and peripheral nervous system problems associated with SOT with clinical and neuroimaging examples from the authors’ institutional experience. Particular emphasis is given to conditions acquired from the donated organ or tissue, problems specific to types of organs transplanted and drug therapy-related complications likely to be encountered by hospitalists. Neurologically important syndromes such as immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), and posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) are readdressed in the context of SOT. PMID:24167649

Pruitt, Amy A.; Graus, Francesc; Rosenfeld, Myrna R.

2013-01-01

317

Complications of Aortic Stenting in Patients below 20 Years Old: Immediate and Intermediate Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Background: Optimal timing and mode of treatment for patients with coarctation of the aorta (COA) remain controversial, particularly in children. Surgery, balloon dilatation, and stent implantation have all proven effective in the treatment of moderate or severe obstruction. The aim of this study was to investigate the complications of COA stenting angioplasty in pediatric patients. Methods: This retrospective, descriptive study was conducted on patients less than 20 years of age who underwent aortic stenting angioplasty because of congenital COA in the pediatric catheterization laboratory of Rajaie cardiovascular, medical and research Center, Tehran between 2005 and 2010. Results: A total of 26 patients (18 [65.4%] males and 9 [34.6%] females) with congenital COA who had undergone aortic stenting angioplasty were recruited. Nineteen (73.1%) of these patients had native COA and 7 (26.9%) had recurrent COA. Most of the early complications were minor and temporary; only one patient developed early major complications. During the follow-up, whereas none of the native group patients developed late complications, in the re-COA group 28.57% of the patients had re-stenosis and 14.28% had chronic systemic hypertension, requiring drug therapy. Conclusion: Our investigation into post-stenting complications in patients with native COA and re-COA showed that endovascular stenting could be an effective and safe method, even in young patients with native COA. PMID:23074369

Molaei, Akbar; Merajie, Mahmood; Mortezaeian, Hodjjat; Malakan Rad, Elaheh; Haji Heidar Shemirani, Rahele

2011-01-01

318

Complications in a series of 1224 vasectomies.  

PubMed

The assessment of a vasectomy technique should be based on the incidence of complications resulting from the procedure. Differing diagnostic criteria for defining complications and the belated occurrence of some adverse events, however, have made such appraisals difficult. This paper offers criteria for defining vasectomy-related problems and presents the results of a longterm study of 1224 vasectomies. The records of 1224 men who had undergone vasectomies by the same technique over a 4-year period were reviewed, and documented complications were tabulated and evaluated. Patients were referred residents of the lower mainland of British Columbia, and the majority were married. The group spanned many ages, races, and occupations. 12 Categories of potential complications were defined, of which 10 were actually encountered in the study group. Infection was defined as having had antimicrobial drugs prescribed, and regret was defined as having returned to discuss a reversal; all other complications were diagnosed based on a documented clinical diagnosis. Complications were documented in 124 cases (10.6%) an included 46 minor infections (3.8%), 2 serious infections (0.16%), 23 instances of epididymitis (1.9%), 16 cases of sperm granulomas (1.3%), and 4 minor hemorrhages (0.33%). Of 3 failures, only 1 (0.08%) was the result of recanalization. No serious hemorrhages or late failures were seen. Satisfactory results were believed to be related to surgical technique and the liberal use of antimicrobial drugs. The low recanalization rate was the result of treatment of the ends of the vas with multiple loops of polyglycolic acid ligature. PMID:1744603

Alderman, P M

1991-12-01

319

Neurological complications of Anderson-Fabry disease.  

PubMed

Characteristic clinical manifestations of AFD such as acroparesthesias, angiokeratoma, corneal opacity, hypo/ and anhidrosis, gastrointestinal symptoms, renal and cardiac dysfunctions can occur in male and female patients, although heterozygous females with AFD usually seem to be less severely affected. The most prominent CNS manifestations consist of cerebrovascular events such as transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) and (recurrent) strokes. For the most part, CNS complications in AFD have been attributed to cerebral vasculopathy, including anatomical abnormalities. The natural history of Fabry patients includes transitory cerebral ischaemia and strokes, even in very young persons of both genders. The mechanism is partly due to vascular endothelial accumulation of Gb-3. White matter lesions (WML) on occur MRI. Both males and females can be safely treated with enzyme replacement; and thus screening for Fabry disease of young stroke populations should be considered. There are, however, no hard data of treatment effect on mortality and morbidity. Stroke in Anderson-Fabry disease study of 721 patients with cryptogenic stroke, aged 18-55 years, showed a high prevalence of Fabry disease in this group: 5% (21/432) of men and 3% (7/289) of women. Combining results of both sexes showed that 4% of young patients with stroke of previously unknown cause had Fabry disease, corresponding to about 1-2% of the general population of young stroke patients. Cerebral micro- and macro-vasculopathy have been described in Fabry disease. Neuronal globotriaosylceramide accumulation in selective cortical and brain stem areas including the hippocampus has been reported by autopsy studies in FD, but clinical surrogates as well as the clinical relevance of these findings have not been investigated so far. Another Neurologic hallmark of Fabry disease (FD) includes small fiber neuropathy as well as cerebral micro- and macroangiopathy with premature stroke. Cranial MRI shows progressive white matter lesions (WML) at an early age, increased signal intensity in the pulvinar, and tortuosity and dilatation of the larger vessels. Conventional MRI shows a progressive load of white matter lesions (WMLs) due to cerebral vasculopathy in the course of FD. Another study has been conducted to quantify brain structural changes in clinically affected male and female patients with FD. The peripheral neuropathy in Fabry disease manifests as neuropathic pain, reduced cold and warm sensation and possibly gastrointestinal disturbances. Patients with Fabry disease begin having pain towards the end of the first decade of life or during puberty. Children as young as 6 years of age have complained of pain often associated with febrile illnesses with reduced heat and exercise tolerance. The patients describe the pain as burning that is often associated with deep ache or paresthesiae. Some patients also have joint pain. A high proportion of patients with Fabry disease is at increased risk of developing neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as depression and neuropsychological deficits. Due to both somatic and psychological impairment, health-related quality of life (QoL) is considerably reduced in patients with Fabry disease. Targeted screening for Fabry disease among young individuals with stroke seems to disclose unrecognized cases and may therefore very well be recommended as routine in the future. Furthermore, ischemic stroke is related to inflammation and arterial stiffness and no study had addressed this relationship in patients with AF disease and cerebrovascular disease, so this topic could represent a possible future research line. PMID:23448452

Tuttolomondo, Antonino; Pecoraro, Rosaria; Simonetta, Irene; Miceli, Salvatore; Arnao, Valentina; Licata, Giuseppe; Pinto, Antonio

2013-01-01

320

Imaging ACL reconstructions and their complications.  

PubMed

Examination of ligament reconstructions, particularly of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), are common situations in everyday knee imaging practice. Knowledge of normal appearances, the expected changes over time and the potential complications of these plasties are essential. MRI is the imaging method of choice. This article illustrates the main complications specific to this procedure: suboptimal positioning of the femoral or tibial tunnels, impingement between the graft and bony contours, rupture (partial or complete) of the plasty due to friction or injury, arthrofibrosis and particularly the "Cyclops" syndrome, fragmentation or migration of the fixation materials and a granulomatous reaction to biomaterials. PMID:24910463

Kulczycka, P; Larbi, A; Malghem, J; Thienpont, E; Vande Berg, B; Lecouvet, F

2015-01-01

321

Multiple gastrointestinal complications of crack cocaine abuse.  

PubMed

Cocaine and its alkaloid free base "crack-cocaine" have long since been substances of abuse. Drug abuse of cocaine via oral, inhalation, intravenous, and intranasal intake has famously been associated with a number of medical complications. Intestinal ischemia and perforation remain the most common manifestations of cocaine associated gastrointestinal disease and have historically been associated with oral intake of cocaine. Here we find a rare case of two relatively uncommon gastrointestinal complications of hemorrhage and pancreatitis presenting within a single admission in a chronic crack cocaine abuser. PMID:24839446

Carlin, Neal; Nguyen, Nhat; DePasquale, Joseph R

2014-01-01

322

Late complications of Hodgkin's disease management  

SciTech Connect

In the past several decades, Hodgkin's disease has been transformed from a uniformly fatal illness to one that can be treated with the expectation of long-term remission or cure in the majority of patients. Because patients now survive for long periods after curative intervention, various complications have been identified. The spectrum of complications following curative therapy is quite diverse and includes immunologic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, thyroid, and gonadal dysfunction. In addition, second malignant neoplasms in the form of acute leukemia as well as secondary solid tumors have now been documented to occur with increased frequency in patients cured of Hodgkin's disease. 80 references.

Young, R.C.; Bookman, M.A.; Longo, D.L. (Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (USA))

1990-01-01

323

Multiple Gastrointestinal Complications of Crack Cocaine Abuse  

PubMed Central

Cocaine and its alkaloid free base “crack-cocaine” have long since been substances of abuse. Drug abuse of cocaine via oral, inhalation, intravenous, and intranasal intake has famously been associated with a number of medical complications. Intestinal ischemia and perforation remain the most common manifestations of cocaine associated gastrointestinal disease and have historically been associated with oral intake of cocaine. Here we find a rare case of two relatively uncommon gastrointestinal complications of hemorrhage and pancreatitis presenting within a single admission in a chronic crack cocaine abuser. PMID:24839446

Carlin, Neal; Nguyen, Nhat; DePasquale, Joseph R.

2014-01-01

324

Complications of Therapy in Parkinson's Disease  

PubMed Central

Despite several more effective combinations, the incidence of disability and intractable complications from levodopa therapy for Parkinson's disease is unchanged. Many of these appear to be related to the development of denervation hypersensitivity as well as to drug tolerance and loss of effect. They include dyskinesia, `wearing off' phenomenon, `on-off' phenomenon, and various psychic changes. More current forms of therapy with bromocriptine and drug holidays are described, emphasizing methods of preventing and controlling the incapacitating complications associated with long term drug therapy. Some future therapeutic considerations are also described. PMID:21286582

Kofman, Oscar S.

1983-01-01

325

Contemporary inguinal lymph node dissection: minimizing complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  This review describes the morbidity of inguinal lymph node dissection (ILND) performed as part of the management of penile\\u000a cancer as well as recent modifications that may reduce the incidence of complications.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A review of the literature was conducted using Pubmed© for studies reporting complication outcomes of ILND for penile cancer. Furthermore, our contemporary results and patient\\u000a related morbidity associated

Philippe E. Spiess; Mike S. Hernandez; Curtis A. Pettaway

2009-01-01

326

Cutaneous complications related to permanent decorative tattooing.  

PubMed

Decorative tattooing involves the introduction of exogenous pigments and/or dyes into the dermis to produce a permanent design. Practiced for thousands of years, it has gained tremendous popularity during the past 20 years, especially among the young. Tattoo-associated cutaneous complications have only been reported since the end of the 19th Century. With the increased prevalence of tattooed individuals, dermatologists have witnessed increasing numbers of patients presenting with complaints about their tattoos. Complications primarily include infections, hypersensitivity reaction to tattoo pigments, benign and sometimes malignant tumors arising on tattoos, and the localization of various dermatoses to tattoos. PMID:20441423

Kluger, Nicolas

2010-05-01

327

Diabetic myonecrosis: uncommon complications in common diseases.  

PubMed

We report a case of sudden thigh pain from spontaneous quadriceps necrosis, also known as diabetic myonecrosis, in a 28-year-old patient with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare end-organ complication seen in patients with poor glycemic control and advanced chronic microvascular complications. Proposed mechanisms involve atherosclerotic microvascular occlusion, ischemia-reperfusion related injury, vasculitis with microthrombi formation, and an acquired antiphospholipid syndrome. Diabetic myonecrosis most commonly presents as sudden thigh pain with swelling and should be considered in any patient who has poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. PMID:24716004

Sran, Sisira; Sran, Manpreet; Ferguson, Nicole; Anand, Prachi

2014-01-01

328

Diabetic Myonecrosis: Uncommon Complications in Common Diseases  

PubMed Central

We report a case of sudden thigh pain from spontaneous quadriceps necrosis, also known as diabetic myonecrosis, in a 28-year-old patient with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Diabetic muscle infarction is a rare end-organ complication seen in patients with poor glycemic control and advanced chronic microvascular complications. Proposed mechanisms involve atherosclerotic microvascular occlusion, ischemia-reperfusion related injury, vasculitis with microthrombi formation, and an acquired antiphospholipid syndrome. Diabetic myonecrosis most commonly presents as sudden thigh pain with swelling and should be considered in any patient who has poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. PMID:24716004

Sran, Manpreet; Ferguson, Nicole

2014-01-01

329

Atovaquone ameliorate gastrointestinal Toxoplasmosis complications in a pregnancy model  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Toxoplasma is an important source of foodborne hospitalization with no safe and effective therapy against chronic or congenital Toxopalsmosis. Atovaquone is a drug of choice but not approved for use in congenital Toxoplasmosis. We hypothesized atovaquone to be safe and effective against feto-maternal Toxoplasmosis. Material/Methods Programmed pregnant mice were i.p. infected with 50–2400 Tachyzoites from Type II strain (clone PTG). Dams were treated daily with atovaquone or sham and monitored for pain, and complications. Results Dams developed pain related abdominal hypersensitivity (allodynia) to mechanical stimuli in a Tachyzoites dose dependent manner. Infected dams were anemic and exhibited ascities and severe hepatitis (score 3.6±0.01 on scale 0 – normal to 4 – severe) with influx of inflammatory and plasma cells, multinucleated dysplastic hepatocytes and necrosis. In addition, dams expressed mild to severe pancreatitis with mononuclear cell invasion, loss of islets and necrosis. This was consistent with splenomegaly (X3 Fold), and massive infiltration of epithelioid cells and loss of germinal structure. Colon became significantly shortened in length (p<0.01) with semi-normal content. Pathological manifestation included, shortening of crypts with numerous microabscess formations, infiltration of lymphocytes, and macrophages. The severe clinical complications led to abortion (50%), early birth (25%) or still birth (25%) consistent with the high dose of Tachyzoites inoculation. Atovaquone treatment partially but significantly protected the dams from the severity of hepatitis, splenomegaly, colitis, myocarditis, and pain related responses as well as fetal demise. Conclusions This is a valuable model for therapeutic evaluation of feto-maternal Toxoplasmosis and gastrointestinal complications. Atovaquone protects dams and their fetuses against some infectious/inflammatory aspects of the disease. PMID:22936182

Oz, Helieh S.; Tobin, Thomas

2012-01-01

330

General surgical complications in heart and heart-lung transplantation.  

PubMed

One hundred forty-three patients underwent cardiac transplantation from 1980 to 1985; 122 received a heart, 19 received a heart-lung, and two received a heart-liver transplant. All patients received immunosuppression with prednisone and cyclosporine. General surgical complications have developed since transplantation in 40 patients (28%). Of these, 17 patients have required surgery: exploratory laparotomy (10 patients), inguinal or ventral herniorrhaphy (two patients), repair of false aneurysm of the femoral artery (two patients), repair of lymphocele of the groin (two patients), and incision and drainage of a perirectal abscess (one patient). Of the 10 patients who required laparotomy, three underwent sigmoid resection for a perforated sigmoid diverticulum (all survived), two underwent small bowel resection for perforation (both died), two had free intraperitoneal air with no site of perforation found (one died), one underwent a cholecystostomy and one a cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis (one died), and one underwent an elective pyloroplasty for gastric outlet obstruction secondary to vagus nerve injury during heart-lung transplantation and survived. All patients who underwent elective surgery survived. Six patients died without operation and at autopsy were found to have unrecognized general surgical complications including pancreatitis (three patients), cecal ulceration with sepsis (two patients), and jejunal perforation secondary to peritoneal dialysis (one patient). Eleven other patients had severe abdominal pain and five had gastrointestinal hemorrhage not requiring operation. Proper management of these patients includes early and aggressive diagnosis of conditions requiring operative intervention, strict attention to surgical technique, and careful titration of dose of immunosuppressive drugs. The 28% incidence of general surgical complications associated with heart and heart-lung transplantation emphasizes the role of the general surgeon in the management of these complex patients. PMID:3931274

Steed, D L; Brown, B; Reilly, J J; Peitzman, A B; Griffith, B P; Hardesty, R L; Webster, M W

1985-10-01

331

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts and portal hypertension-related complications  

PubMed Central

Portal hypertension (PH) plays an important role in the natural history of cirrhosis, and is associated with several clinical consequences. The introduction of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) in the 1980s has been regarded as a major technical advance in the management of the PH-related complications. At present, polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents are the preferred option over traditional bare metal stents. TIPS is currently indicated as a salvage therapy in patients with bleeding esophageal varices who fail standard treatment. Recently, applying TIPS early (within 72 h after admission) has been shown to be an effective and life-saving treatment in those with high-risk variceal bleeding. In addition, TIPS is recommended as the second-line treatment for secondary prophylaxis. For bleeding gastric varices, applying TIPS was able to achieve hemostasis in more than 90% of patients. More trials are needed to clarify the efficacy of TIPS compared with other treatment modalities, including cyanoacrylate injection and balloon retrograde transvenous obliteration of gastric varices. TIPS should also be considered in bleeding ectopic varices and refractory portal hypertensive gastropathy. In patients with refractory ascites, there is growing evidence that TIPS not only results in better control of ascites, but also improves long-term survival in appropriately selected candidates. In addition, TIPS is a promising treatment for refractory hepatic hydrothorax. However, the role of TIPS in the treatment of hepatorenal and hepatopulmonary syndrome is not well defined. The advantage of TIPS is offset by a risk of developing hepatic encephalopathy, the most relevant post-procedural complication. Emerging data are addressing the determination the optimal time and patient selection for TIPS placement aiming at improving long-term treatment outcome. This review is aimed at summarizing the published data regarding the application of TIPS in the management of complications related to PH. PMID:25493012

Siramolpiwat, Sith

2014-01-01

332

Surgical management for complications of pediatric lung injury.  

PubMed

The etiologies of pediatric lung injury requiring surgical intervention can be infectious, traumatic, congenital, or iatrogenic. Childhood pneumonia is a significant global health problem affecting 150 million children worldwide. Sequelae of pulmonary infections potentially requiring surgery include bronchiectasis, lung abscess, pneumatocele, and empyema. Trauma, congenital conditions such as cystic fibrosis and iatrogenic injuries can result in pneumothoraces, chylothoraces, or bronchopleural fistulae. Recurrence rates for spontaneous pneumothorax treated non-operatively in pediatric patients approach 50-60%. Chylothoraces in newborns may occur spontaneously or due to birth trauma, whereas in older children the etiology is almost always iatrogenic. This article examines the surgical management for the complications of lung injury in pediatric patients. In addition, we review the available pediatric evidence for early tracheostomy as well as treatment strategies for the negative ramifications of tracheostomy. PMID:25639811

Pandian, T K; Hamner, Chad

2015-02-01

333

Peroneal nerve injuries as a complication of injection.  

PubMed

Ten children (8 males, 2 females) diagnosed with peroneal nerve injury as a complication of injection were included in this study. The age of the children ranged between four to seven years (mean 6.5 +/- 1.25 years). Physiotherapy and rehabilitation protocol included superficial heat, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (either galvanic or faradic current according to the response elicited), electromyographic biofeedback, exercises (passive, active-assistive and active), and orthotic support. Before treatment, foot-drop and steppage gait were observed in all the patients; both were remedied. The post-treatment muscle strength and electrodiagnostic test results showed statistically significant improvement when compared with pretreatment values (p < 0.05). We believe that our relatively favorable results in this study, manifested as shorter recovery time with no residual deficits, may be related to early intervention with an extensive physiotherapy program. PMID:9763905

Kirdi, N; Yakut, E; Meriç, A

1998-01-01

334

Fournier's Gangrene as a Postoperative Complication of Inguinal Hernia Repair.  

PubMed

Fournier's gangrene is the necrotizing fasciitis of perianal, genitourinary, and perineal regions. Herein, we present a case of scrotal Fournier's gangrene as a postoperative complication of inguinal hernia repair. A 51-year-old male with giant indirect hernia is presented. Patient underwent inguinal hernia repair, and after an unproblematic recovery period, he was discharged. He applied to our outpatient clinic on the fifth day with swollen and painful scrotum and it turned out to be Fournier's gangrene. Polypropylene mesh was not infected. Patient recovered and was discharged after repeated debridements. Basic principles in treatment of Fournier's gangrene are comprised of initial resuscitation, broad-spectrum antibiotics therapy, and early aggressive debridement. In the management of presented case, aggressive debridement was made right after diagnosis and broad-spectrum antibiotics were given to the hemodynamically stable patient. In these circumstances, the important question is whether we could prevent occurrence of Fournier's gangrene. PMID:25506030

Dinc, Tolga; Kayilioglu, Selami Ilgaz; Sozen, Isa; Yildiz, Baris Dogu; Coskun, Faruk

2014-01-01

335

Masters Scholarship Opportunities: Diagnostic Markers for Diabetic Complications  

E-print Network

Masters Scholarship Opportunities: Diagnostic Markers for Diabetic Complications We are recruiting aimed at developing a novel biomedical test for diabetics at risk of developing further complications

Hickman, Mark

336

Diabetic Complications in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Rat Models  

PubMed Central

We overviewed the pathophysiological features of diabetes and its complications in obese type 2 diabetic rat models: Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rat, Wistar fatty rat, Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat and Spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) fatty rat. Pancreatic changes with progression of diabetes were classified into early changes, such as islet hypertrophy and degranulation of ? cells, and degenerative changes, such as islet atrophy and fibrosis of islet with infiltration of inflammatory cells. Renal lesions in tubuli and glomeruli were observed, and nodular lesions in glomeruli were notable changes in OLETF and SDT fatty rats. Among retinal changes, folding and thickening were interesting findings in SDT fatty rats. A decrease of motor nerve conduction velocity with progression of diabetes was presented in obese diabetic rats. Other diabetic complications, osteoporosis and sexual dysfunction, were also observed. Observation of bone metabolic abnormalities, including decrease of osteogenesis and bone mineral density, and sexual dysfunction, including hypotestosteronemia and erectile dysfunction, in obese type 2 diabetic rats have been reported. PMID:24770637

Katsuda, Yoshiaki; Ohta, Takeshi; Miyajima, Katsuhiro; Kemmochi, Yusuke; Sasase, Tomohiko; Tong, Bin; Shinohara, Masami; Yamada, Takahisa

2014-01-01

337

Orthopedic surgery and its complication in systemic lupus erythematosus.  

PubMed

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-systemic immune-complex mediated autoimmune condition which chiefly affects women during their prime year. While the management of the condition falls into the specialty of internal medicine, patients with SLE often present with signs and symptoms pertaining to the territory of orthopedic surgery such as tendon rupture, carpal tunnel syndrome, osteonecrosis, osteoporotic fracture and infection including septic arthritis, osteomyelitis and spondylodiscitis. While these orthopedic-related conditions are often debilitating in patients with SLE which necessitate management by orthopedic specialists, a high index of suspicion is necessary in diagnosing these conditions early because lupus patients with potentially severe orthopedic conditions such as osteomyelitis frequently present with mild symptoms and subtle signs such as low grade fever, mild hip pain and back tenderness. Additionally, even if these orthopedic conditions can be recognized, complications as a result of surgical procedures are indeed not uncommon. SLE per se and its various associated pharmacological treatments may pose lupus patients to certain surgical risks if they are not properly attended to and managed prior to, during and after surgery. Concerted effort of management and effective communication among orthopedic specialists and rheumatologists play an integral part in enhancing favorable outcome and reduction in postoperative complications for patients with SLE through thorough pre-operative evaluation, careful peri-operative monitoring and treatment, as well as judicious postoperative care. PMID:24653977

Mak, Anselm

2014-01-18

338

Orthopedic surgery and its complication in systemic lupus erythematosus  

PubMed Central

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-systemic immune-complex mediated autoimmune condition which chiefly affects women during their prime year. While the management of the condition falls into the specialty of internal medicine, patients with SLE often present with signs and symptoms pertaining to the territory of orthopedic surgery such as tendon rupture, carpal tunnel syndrome, osteonecrosis, osteoporotic fracture and infection including septic arthritis, osteomyelitis and spondylodiscitis. While these orthopedic-related conditions are often debilitating in patients with SLE which necessitate management by orthopedic specialists, a high index of suspicion is necessary in diagnosing these conditions early because lupus patients with potentially severe orthopedic conditions such as osteomyelitis frequently present with mild symptoms and subtle signs such as low grade fever, mild hip pain and back tenderness. Additionally, even if these orthopedic conditions can be recognized, complications as a result of surgical procedures are indeed not uncommon. SLE per se and its various associated pharmacological treatments may pose lupus patients to certain surgical risks if they are not properly attended to and managed prior to, during and after surgery. Concerted effort of management and effective communication among orthopedic specialists and rheumatologists play an integral part in enhancing favorable outcome and reduction in postoperative complications for patients with SLE through thorough pre-operative evaluation, careful peri-operative monitoring and treatment, as well as judicious postoperative care. PMID:24653977

Mak, Anselm

2014-01-01

339

Aggravation of arrhythmia: a complication of antiarrhythmic drugs.  

PubMed

Aggravation of arrhythmia, defined as worsening of a preexisting arrhythmia or the occurrence of a new arrhythmia, is a common complication of antiarrhythmic drug therapy. Although it is largely an unpredictable event, patients at greatest risk are those with a history of congestive heart failure due to systolic dysfunction who present with a sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia. As a rule, aggravation of arrhythmia is an early event, occurring within the first few days of initiating therapy. However, in the Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST), the increased sudden death mortality due to drug therapy, which was a result of arrhythmia aggravation, occurred throughout the entire duration of the trial, suggesting that arrhythmia aggravation can also be a late complication of therapy. Also disturbing was the fact that patients in CAST were low risk and did not have congestive heart failure or a serious ventricular tachyarrhythmia. This suggests that another important risk factor is myocardial ischemia and its potentially dangerous interaction with antiarrhythmic drugs. In patients with heart disease, especially those with coronary artery disease, antiarrhythmic drugs must therefore be used cautiously. Close and continuous follow-up is mandatory. PMID:8269302

Podrid, P J

1993-06-01

340

Modified Mandibulotomy Technique to Reduce Postoperative Complications: 5-Year Results  

PubMed Central

Purpose To review the 5-year outcomes of our modified mandibulotomy technique. Retrospective review of a tertiary level oral cancer center. Materials and Methods During a 5-year period, 30 patients who had a uniform surgical technique consisting of a lower lip-splitting, modified stair-step osteotomy with thin saw blade and osteotome after plate-precontouring and combination fixation with monocortical osteosynthesis (miniplate) and bicortical osteosynthesis (maxiplate and bicortical screws), with at least 14 months postoperative follow-up, were selected and reviewed retrospectively. Results There were 8 women and 22 men with an average age of 56.5 years. All the patients involved malignancies were squamous cell carcinoma. The main primary sites of the those who underwent a mandibulotomy were the tonsil, the base of tongue, the oral tongue, the retromolar pad area, and others. Others included buccal cheek, floor of mouth, and soft palate. 23 patients received postoperative radiation therapy, and among whom 8 patients also received chemotherapy. Total four (13%) mandibulotomy-related complications occurred, only two (6.7%) requiring additional operation under general anesthesia. Conclusion Our modified mandibulotomy meets the criteria for an ideal mandibulotomy technique relatively well because it requires no intermaxillary fixation, can precise preserve the occlusion in a precise way, allows early function, requires no secondary procedures, and has few complications. PMID:23918577

Na, Hye-Young; Choi, Eun-Joo; Kim, Hyung Jun; Cha, In-Ho

2013-01-01

341

Protein O-GlcNAcylation in diabetes and diabetic complications  

PubMed Central

The post-translational modification of serine and threonine residues of proteins by O-linked ?-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is highly ubiquitous, dynamic and inducible. Protein O-GlcNAcylation serves as a key regulator of critical biological processes including transcription, translation, proteasomal degradation, signal transduction and apoptosis. Increased O-GlcNAcylation is directly linked to insulin resistance and to hyperglycemia-induced glucose toxicity, two hallmarks of diabetes and diabetic complications. In this review, we briefly summarize what is known about protein O-GlcNAcylation and nutrient metabolism, as well as discuss the commonly used tools to probe changes of O-GlcNAcylation in cultured cells and in animal models. We then focus on some key proteins modified by O-GlcNAc, which play crucial roles in the etiology and progression of diabetes and diabetic complications. Proteomic approaches are also highlighted to provide a system view of protein O-GlcNAcylation. Finally, we discuss how aberrant O-GlcNAcylation on certain proteins may be exploited to develop methods for the early diagnosis of pre-diabetes and/or diabetes. PMID:23992419

Ma, Junfeng; Hart, Gerald W

2014-01-01

342

Granulomas of the penis: a rare complication of intravesical therapy with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin.  

PubMed

Immunotherapy with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin is widely used for treatment and prophylaxis of superficial urothelial cancer. Complications associated with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin treatment are common. The authors describe a case of granulomatous inflammation of the penis associated with intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy, presenting with multiple erythematous and painless nodules located on the glans. A review of the literature is also performed. Granulomatous balanoposthitis is a rare complication of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin immunotherapy, with heterogeneous clinical presentation, which can make the diagnosis difficult. Its clinical recognition is essential for early start of therapy with antitubercular agents and interruption of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin. PMID:21987145

Lestre, Sara Isabel Alcântara; Gameiro, Catarina Diogo; João, Alexandre; Lopes, Maria João Paiva

2011-01-01

343

Fournier’s Gangrene Complicating Hematologic Malignancies: a Case Report and Review of Licterature  

PubMed Central

Fournier’s gangrene (FG) is a rare but severe necrotizing fasciitis of the external genitalia that may complicate the clinical course of hematologic malignancies and sometimes may be the first sign of the disease. The clinical course of FG is very aggressive and the mortality is still high despite the improvement in its management. Early recognition of FG and prompt appropriate treatment with surgical debridement and administration of antibiotics are the cornerstone of the management of this very severe disease. A review of the scientific literature focusing on the topic of FG complicating hematologic disorders is reported PMID:24363882

D’Arena, Giovanni; Pietrantuono, Giuseppe; Buccino, Emilio; Pacifico, Giancarlo; Musto, Pellegrino

2013-01-01

344

A rare case report of chronic cholecystitis complicated with incomplete gallbladder volvulus  

PubMed Central

Gallbladder volvulus, or gallbladder torsion, is a rare condition. There have been very few case reports of chronic cholecystitis complicated by incomplete gallbladder volvulus. A 63-year-old woman had suffered recurrent right upper quadrant pain for 3 years, which had grown worse during the past day. She was admitted through the emergency department on February 24, 2012. Laparoscopic exploration revealed approximately 180° torsion of the gallbladder. Postoperative pathologic examination suggested a diagnosis of chronic cholecystitis, without operative complications. Incomplete gallbladder volvulus is associated with anatomic changes to the gallbladder mesentery, constipation, and increased bowel movements. Early diagnosis and laparoscopic exploration are the keys to management. PMID:25419406

Luo, P; Wang, CM; Zhang, GX

2014-01-01

345

Complicated urinary tract infections associated with diabetes mellitus: Pathogenesis, diagnosis and management  

PubMed Central

Diabetes mellitus has a number of long-term effects on the genitourinary system. These effects predispose to bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the patient with diabetes mellitus. Complicated UTIs are also common and potentially life-threatening conditions. They include emphysematous pyelonephritis, emphysematous pyelitis/cystitis, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, renal/perirenal abscess, and renal papillary necrosis. Improved outcomes of these entities may be achieved by early diagnosis, knowledge of common predisposing factors, appropriate clinical and radiological assessment, and prompt management. Herein we review complicated UTIs associated with diabetes mellitus in terms of pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, radiological features, and current management options. PMID:23869299

Mnif, Mouna Feki; Kamoun, Mahdi; Kacem, Faten Hadj; Bouaziz, Zainab; Charfi, Nadia; Mnif, Fatma; Naceur, Basma Ben; Rekik, Nabila; Abid, Mohamed

2013-01-01

346

Early Beginnings EARLY LITERACY KNOWLEDGE AND INSTRUCTION  

E-print Network

this booklet to: learn about early literacy development, review the early predictors of later successEarly Beginnings EARLY LITERACY KNOWLEDGE AND INSTRUCTION A guide for early childhood administrators and professional development providers #12;2 #12;Early Beginnings EARLY LITERACY KNOWLEDGE

Rau, Don C.

347

Early events after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.  

PubMed

The first 72 h after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a critical period for the patient. Most of the deaths in the SAH patient population occur during this time, and a number of key events activate and trigger mechanisms that not only contribute to early brain injury but evolve over time and participate in the delayed complications. This review highlights the contribution of key events to the early brain injury and to overall outcome after SAH. PMID:25366594

Sehba, Fatima A; Friedrich, Victor

2015-01-01

348

Emergency management of complicated jejunal diverticulosis.  

PubMed

Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare condition that is usually found incidentally. It is most often asymptomatic but presenting symptoms are nonspecific and include abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, malabsorption, bleeding, obstruction, and/or perforation. A retrospective review of medical records between 1999 and 2012 at a tertiary referral center was conducted to identify patients requiring emergency management of complicated jejunal diverticulosis. Complications were defined as those that presented with inflammation, bleeding, obstruction, or perforation. Eighteen patients presented to the emergency department with acute complications of jejunal diverticulosis. Ages ranged from 47 to 86 years (mean, 72 years). Seven patients presented with evidence of free bowel perforation. Six had either diverticulitis or a contained perforation. The remaining five were found to have gastrointestinal bleeding. Fourteen of the patients underwent surgical management. Four patients were successfully managed nonoperatively. As a result of the variety of presentations, complications of jejunal diverticulosis present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the acute care surgeon. Although nonoperative management can be successful, most patients should undergo surgical intervention. Traditional management dictates laparotomy and segmental jejunal resection. Diverticulectomy is not recommended as a result of the risk of staple line breakdown. The entire involved portion of jejunum should be resected when bowel length permits. PMID:24887799

Johnson, Kevin N; Fankhauser, Grant T; Chapital, Alyssa B; Merritt, Marianne V; Johnson, Daniel J

2014-06-01

349

Complicated pneumothorax and congenital lung cystic malformation.  

PubMed

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, also named congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), is a congenital lung abnormality which is uncommon in adults. The usual radiological appearance of CPAM is a cystic space-occupying lesion. We present one case of CPAM with unusual clinical and radiological findings, a complicated spontaneous pneumothorax with intracystic haemorrhage with successful conservative initial treatment, despite acute haemodynamic instability. PMID:24694267

Attou, Rachid; Reper, Pascal

2014-04-01

350

Minimal Brain Dysfunction: Associations with Perinatal Complications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined with over 28,000 7-year-old children whose mothers registered for prenatal care was the relationship between perinatal complications and such characteristics as poor school achievement, hyperactivity, and neurological soft signs associated with the diagnosis of minimal brain dysfunction (MBD). Ten perinatal antecedents were studied:…

Nichols, Paul L.

351

Complications to Avoid with Pre-Diabetes  

MedlinePLUS

Complications to Avoid with Pre-diabetes Updated:Mar 8,2014 If I ignore the pre-diabetes, how could diabetes reduce the quality or length of ... treat one of them, you treat them all. Pre-diabetes • Introduction • About Pre-diabetes • What's the Problem? ...

352

Hemoperitoneum complicating snake bite: rare CT features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Russels’s viper bite victims with systemic poisoning may present with hemorrhagic manifestations, including spontaneous bleeding and incoagulable blood associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation and primary fibrinolysis, two of the most prominent manifestations of the systemic envenoming by this species. Various vascular complications of viperine snake bite have been reported in the literature. We report the computed tomographic findings in a

K. Rathod; R. Sheth; G. Chavhan; A. Asrani; A. Raut

2003-01-01

353

Review article Pasteurella haemolytica complicated respiratory  

E-print Network

Review article Pasteurella haemolytica complicated respiratory infections in sheep and goats Kim A. Brogden Howard D. Lehmkuhl. Randall C. Cutlip Respiratory and Neurologic Disease Research Unit, National (Received 15 September 1997; accepted l2 December 1997) Abstract - Respiratory infections which commonly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

354

Long-term complications of chemotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with cancer are living longer and, therefore, are not only at risk for recurrence of the disease but also for long-term side effects of treatment. For patients treated with chemotherapy, secondary malignancies are a special concern, with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia being the most common. Although typically associated with alkylating agents, this complication is now being seen with use of

Mark A. Morgan; Stephen C. Rubin

1998-01-01

355

Rare complications of pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis  

PubMed Central

The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) among youth is steadily increasing across the world. Up to a third of pediatric patients with T1D present with diabetic ketoacidosis, a diagnosis that continues to be the leading cause of death in this population. Cerebral edema is the most common rare complication of diabetic ketoacidosis in children. Accordingly, treatment and outcome measures of cerebral edema are vastly researched and the pathophysiology is recently the subject of much debate. Nevertheless, cerebral edema is not the only sequela of diabetic ketoacidosis that warrants close monitoring. The medical literature details various other complications in children with diabetic ketoacidosis, including hypercoagulability leading to stroke and deep vein thrombosis, rhabdomyolysis, pulmonary and gastrointestinal complications, and long-term memory dysfunction. We review the pathophysiology, reported cases, management, and outcomes of each of these rare complications in children. As the incidence of T1D continues to rise, practitioners will care for an increasing number of pediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and should be aware of the various systems that may be affected in both the acute and chronic setting.

Bialo, Shara R; Agrawal, Sungeeta; Boney, Charlotte M; Quintos, Jose Bernardo

2015-01-01

356

Neurological complications of surgery and anaesthesia.  

PubMed

Summary Injury to the central and peripheral nervous systems is often permanent. As such, adverse neurological outcomes of surgery and anaesthesia can be devastating for patients and their families. In this article, we review the incidence, risk factors, outcomes, prevention, and treatment of a number of important neurological complications in the perioperative period. PMID:25204699

Mashour, G A; Woodrum, D T; Avidan, M S

2014-09-01

357

Complications of lower blepharoplasty and midface lifting.  

PubMed

Lower eyelid blepharoplasty and midface lifting share a complex anatomy, which should be mastered before attempting these types of surgeries. In recent years, there have been significant contributions to rejuvenating this area. A thorough understanding of the rejuvenative approaches and their outcomes is imperative. Thus, the problem must be preoperatively evaluated to offer the appropriate technique and minimize complications. PMID:25440742

Schwarcz, Robert M; Kotlus, Brett

2015-01-01

358

Rare complications of pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis.  

PubMed

The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) among youth is steadily increasing across the world. Up to a third of pediatric patients with T1D present with diabetic ketoacidosis, a diagnosis that continues to be the leading cause of death in this population. Cerebral edema is the most common rare complication of diabetic ketoacidosis in children. Accordingly, treatment and outcome measures of cerebral edema are vastly researched and the pathophysiology is recently the subject of much debate. Nevertheless, cerebral edema is not the only sequela of diabetic ketoacidosis that warrants close monitoring. The medical literature details various other complications in children with diabetic ketoacidosis, including hypercoagulability leading to stroke and deep vein thrombosis, rhabdomyolysis, pulmonary and gastrointestinal complications, and long-term memory dysfunction. We review the pathophysiology, reported cases, management, and outcomes of each of these rare complications in children. As the incidence of T1D continues to rise, practitioners will care for an increasing number of pediatric patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and should be aware of the various systems that may be affected in both the acute and chronic setting. PMID:25685287

Bialo, Shara R; Agrawal, Sungeeta; Boney, Charlotte M; Quintos, Jose Bernardo

2015-02-15

359

Squamous cell carcinoma complicating perianal hidradenitis suppurativa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hidradenitis suppurativa or Verneuil's disease is usually a chronic, recurrent, suppurative and cicatricial disorder. It most often affects the skin of the axillae, groins and perineum, and less commonly the buttocks and upper thighs. A squamous cell carcinoma located in the hidradenitis-affected area is a rare complication. We present a review of the twenty-six published cases adding one of our

D. Pérez-Diaz; M. Calvo-Serrano; E. Mártinez-Hijosa; L. Fuenmayor-Valera; F. Muñoz-Jiménez; F. Turégano-Fuentes; E. Valle

1995-01-01

360

Factors associated with immediate abortion complications.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with increased risk of immediate complications from induced abortion. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a provincial database. SETTING: All Ontario general hospitals in which abortions are performed and all free-standing abortion clinics in Ontario. POPULATION: Women in Ontario aged 15 to 44 years who underwent an induced abortion in the province (without concurrent sterilization) between Jan. 1, 1992, and Dec. 31, 1993. OUTCOME MEASURES: Recording of complications at the time of the procedure, gestational age, type of procedure, place of abortion (hospital or clinic), and patient's age, parity and history of previous abortion (spontaneous or induced). RESULTS: During the study period 83 469 abortions were performed that met our inclusion criteria. Immediate complications were reported in 571 cases (0.7%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that, after other variables were controlled for, the patient's age, parity and history of previous abortions (spontaneous or induced) were not significant risk factors for immediate complications; however, gestational age, method of abortion and place of abortion were significant risk factors (p < 0.001). The odds ratio (OR) for having a complication from abortion was 1.3 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02 to 1.63) between 9 and 12 weeks, compared with having one after abortion at 9 weeks or earlier, and increased to 3.3 (95% CI 2.23 to 5.00) after abortion between 17 and 20 weeks. Compared with surgical dilatation and curettage (D&C), instillation of saline and instillation of prostaglandins were more likely to be associated with immediate complications (OR 24.0, 95% CI 13.22 to 43.70, and OR 11.7, 95% CI 6.43 to 21.18, respectively), whereas both suction D&C and insertion of a laminaria tent were less likely to be associated with immediate complications (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.67, and OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.52, respectively). Compared with women who had an abortion in a free-standing clinic, the risk for immediate complications was greater among those who had an abortion in a hospital, especially a teaching hospital (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.38 to 2.58), a nonteaching hospital with 200 to 399 acute care beds (OR 3.1, 95% CI 2.27 to 4.21) and a nonteaching hospital with fewer than 200 acute care beds (OR 5.9, 95% CI 4.04 to 8.64). CONCLUSION: The risk of immediate complications from induced abortion is very low. Unlike in previous studies, the woman's age, parity and history of previous spontaneous or induced abortions were not found to be risk factors. However, advancing gestational age and procedures involving instillation of saline or prostaglandins were predictive factors of immediate complications. PMID:8646655

Ferris, L E; McMain-Klein, M; Colodny, N; Fellows, G F; Lamont, J

1996-01-01

361

Complication with Intraosseous Access: Scandinavian Users’ Experience  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Intraosseous access (IO) is indicated if vascular access cannot be quickly established during resuscitation. Complication rates are estimated to be low, based on small patient series, model or cadaver studies, and case reports. However, user experience with IO use in real-life emergency situations might differ from the results in the controlled environment of model studies and small patient series. We performed a survey of IO use in real-life emergency situations to assess users’ experiences of complications. Methods: An online questionnaire was sent to Scandinavian emergency physicians, anesthesiologists and pediatricians. Results: 1,802 clinical cases of IO use was reported by n=386 responders. Commonly reported complications with establishing IO access were patient discomfort/pain (7.1%), difficulties with penetration of periosteum with IO needle (10.3%), difficulties with aspiration of bone marrow (12.3%), and bended/broken needle (4.0%). When using an established IO access the reported complications were difficulties with injection fluid and drugs after IO insertion (7.4%), slow infusion (despite use of pressure bag) (8.8%), displacement after insertion (8.5%), and extravasation (3.7%). Compartment syndrome and osteomyelitis occurred in 0.6% and 0.4% of cases respectively. Conclusion: In users’ recollection of real-life IO use, perceived complications were more frequent than usually reported from model studies. The perceived difficulties with using IO could affect the willingness of medical staff to use IO. Therefore, user experience should be addressed both in education of how to use, and research and development of IOs. PMID:24106537

Hallas, Peter; Brabrand, Mikkel; Folkestad, Lars

2013-01-01

362

Imaging ‘the lost tribe’: a review of adolescent cancer imaging. Part 2: imaging of complications of cancer treatment  

PubMed Central

Abstract Adolescent cancers are treated with a host of chemotherapy agents, radiotherapy and stem cell transplantation. The complications of these treatments may contribute significantly to the morbidity and mortality in this age group, with imaging playing a role in identifying some of these complications. This second article reviews the imaging of acute and early complications relating to adolescent cancer treatment, many of which may also be seen in the treatment of paediatric patients. Late effects involving endocrine and reproductive systems or psychosocial considerations are not discussed in this paper, although these are clearly important issues in long-term survivors. PMID:19933021

Zerizer, I.

2009-01-01

363

Pitfalls and complications management in the endovascular treatment of aneurysms.  

PubMed

This article reviews complications associated with the endovascular management of intracranial aneurysms, focusing on risk factors, avoidance, recognition, and management. Such complications can be devastating. Both neurologic and nonneurologic complications can occur. Several patient and procedure related parameters can increase the incidence of complications. Reduction of complication rates can be achieved by careful patient selection, meticulous planning and preparation for the procedure, anticipating potential complications, and preparing for their management. Tracking outcomes and a robust case conference can further enhance outcomes. Education of the care team and a collaborative environment can foster greater focus on avoidance of complications. PMID:24994080

Zammar, Samer G; Hamade, Youssef J; El Ahmadieh, Tarek Y; El Tecle, Najib E; Bendok, Bernard R

2014-07-01

364

Magnetic resonance cholangiography in the assessment and management of biliary complications after OLT  

PubMed Central

Despite advances in patient and graft management, biliary complications (BC) still represent a challenge both in the early and delayed period after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Because of unspecific clinical presentation, imaging is often mandatory in order to diagnose BC. Among imaging modalities, magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) has gained widespread acceptance as a tool to represent the reconstructed biliary tree noninvasively, using both the conventional technique (based on heavily T2-weighted sequences) and contrast-enhanced MRC (based on the acquisition of T1-weighted sequences after the administration of hepatobiliary contrast agents). On this basis, MRC is generally indicated to: (1) avoid unnecessary procedures of direct cholangiography in patients with a negative examination and/or identify alternative complications; and (2) provide a road map for interventional procedures or surgery. As illustrated in the review, MRC is accurate in the diagnosis of different types of biliary complications, including anastomotic strictures, non-anastomotic strictures, leakage and stones. PMID:25071883

Girometti, Rossano; Cereser, Lorenzo; Bazzocchi, Massimo; Zuiani, Chiara

2014-01-01

365

[Circumcision and orchiopexy: management of complications].  

PubMed

Circumcision and orchidopexy are among the most frequently performed pediatric urological procedures. Although they may be classified as surgical interventions suitable for junior surgeons, either procedure can lead to serious consequences including the loss of the respective organ. In this paper, the general aspects of pediatric urological surgery (e.g., distinctive features of informing underage patients, the handling of children in the operating room, and relevant pediatric anesthesiological aspects) are described first. Then, the most important sources of error will be highlighted and potential complications and their management during all stages of the procedure will be illustrated. Apart from the so-called freehand circumcision, this paper also deals with potential complications when using the Plastibell® device. In regard to orchidopexy, laparoscopic procedure shall be discussed in addition to the standard procedure. PMID:24733101

Promm, M; Rösch, W H

2014-05-01

366

Complications of HIV Disease and Antiretroviral Therapy  

PubMed Central

There is growing interest in the pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of long-term complications of HIV disease and its therapies. Specifically, studies focused on cardiovascular, renal, bone, and fat abnormalities were prominent at the 17th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Although enthusiasm about the effectiveness of current antiretroviral therapy remains strong, collectively, the ongoing work in the area of HIV disease and treatment complications appears to reflect concerns that these clinical problems will continue to remain important and possibly increase over time in the current therapeutic era. This year’s conference also highlighted important data on prevention and optimal treatment of common coinfections that occur in HIV-infected individuals, including tuberculosis, influenza, and viral hepatitis. PMID:20516525

Luetkemeyer, Anne F.; Havlir, Diane V.; Currier, Judith S.

2011-01-01

367

Neurocritical care complications of pregnancy and puerperum.  

PubMed

Neurocritical care complications of pregnancy and puerperum such as preeclampsia/eclampsia, hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, seizures, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, postpartum angiopathy, cerebral sinus thrombosis, amniotic fluid emboli, choriocarcinoma, and acute fatty liver of pregnancy are rare but can be devastating. These conditions can present a challenge to physicians because pregnancy is a unique physiologic state, most therapeutic options available in the intensive care unit were not studied in pregnant patients, and in many situations, physicians need to deliver care to both the mother and the fetus, simultaneously. Timely recognition and management of critical neurologic complications of pregnancy/puerperum can be life saving for both the mother and fetus. PMID:25123793

Frontera, Jennifer A; Ahmed, Wamda

2014-12-01

368

Urinary Bladder Stone Complicating Ventriculovesical Shunt  

PubMed Central

The standard treatment for hydrocephalus is either a ventriculoperitoneal or a ventriculo-atrial shunt. However, these conventional shunts may be associated with considerable complications and high revision rates which make these familiar shunts inappropriate for a certain subset of patients. A rare complication is reported associated with an unusual procedure in a 42-year-old woman who had had a ventriculovesical shunt for four years. She presented with recurrent urinary tract infections, haematuria and urge incontinence, and was discovered to have a large vesical stone over the vesical end of the shunt. She was treated with open suprapubic cystolithotomy and the redirection of the shunt to the peritoneal cavity. The patient was followed up for 12 months postoperatively and remained free of any urinary tract symptoms. PMID:24516748

Ibrahim, Ahmed K.

2014-01-01

369

Prevention of complications in neck dissection  

PubMed Central

Background The neck dissection has remained a pivotal aspect of head and neck cancer management for over a century. During this time its role has expanded from a purely therapeutic option into an elective setting, in part promoted by efforts to reduce its morbidity. Objectives This review will consider the potential complications of neck dissection and on the basis of the available evidence describe both their management and prevention. Conclusion Although the neck dissection continues to provide clinicians with a method of addressing cervical disease, its reliability and safety can only be assured if surgeons remain cognisant of the potential complications and aim to minimise such morbidity by appropriate management in the peri-operative period. PMID:19822010

Kerawala, Cyrus J; Heliotos, Manolis

2009-01-01

370

Laparoscopic Parastomal Hernia Repair: Pitfalls and Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Parastomal herniation is a common complication of stoma formation. The incidence varies significantly and may be as high as\\u000a 48% for colostomies and 28% for ileostomies (?Table 58.1) [1]. The different open surgical approaches for treating parastomal hernias are shown in ?Table 58.2 [1]. Stoma relocation involves relaparotomy and replacement of the stoma to the contralateral side. Besides the problem

B. Hansson; I. de Hingh; R. P. Bleichrodt

371

Metabolic Complications of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 4–7% of reproductive-aged women and is associated with serious metabolic complications\\u000a including type 2 diabetes. Forty percent of affected women have impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes by the age of\\u000a forty. Evaluation of women with PCOS includes metabolic risk assessment and counseling on the prevention of diabetes through\\u000a lifestyle therapies such as diet,

Tracy L. Setji; Ann J. Brown

372

[Uretero(reno)scopy: management of complications].  

PubMed

Rigid and flexible uretero(reno)scopy (URS) are safe and effective methods in interventional calculus therapy. Complications are rare and can be avoided in advance in many cases. In ureteroliths, URS has in many cases replaced extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) as the method of first choice. However, it is important to describe in detail the advantages and disadvantages as well as the risks of the procedure to the patient. PMID:24727994

Knoll, T; Wendt-Nordahl, G

2014-05-01

373

Pulmonary gangrene as a complication of mucormycosis  

SciTech Connect

Pulmonary gangrene, a rare complication of pneumonia occurs when vascular thrombosis leads to necrosis of a large portion of lung. The devitalized lung is then sloughed into a cavity, resulting in a characteristic radiographic appearance. The previously reported cases of pulmonary gangrene have been associated with either bacterial or tuberculous pneumonia; the authors describe a case resulting from mucormycosis. In addition to the plain-film findings, the computed tomographic (CT) appearance is described.

Zagoria, R.J.; Choplin, R.H.; Karstaedt, N.

1985-06-01

374

Deep enteroscopy - indications, diagnostic yield and complications  

PubMed Central

Since its introduction in 2001 capsule endoscopy opened up the small bowel for diagnostic approaches followed by double balloon enteroscopy which enabled the endoscopic community to perform therapeutic interventions in the whole small intestine. In this review the scientific developments related to indications, diagnostic yield and complications of the last years between the competing devices double ballon enteroscopy, single balloon enteroscopy and spiral enteroscopy are illustrated.

Moeschler, Oliver; Mueller, Michael Karl

2015-01-01

375

Dengue Shock Syndrome with Two Atypical Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present 2 cases of dengue shock syndrome with unusual complications. In the first case, a 14-y-old boy with dengue\\u000a shock syndrome who required aggressive fluid resuscitation, developed abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Patient developed\\u000a severe shock, increased ventilator requirement and oliguria as a consequence of ACS. Patient responded well to abdominal paracentesis\\u000a draining 2.7 l of fluid and made rapid

Hasmukh Chapsi Gala; Bhupendra S. Avasthi; Madhukar R. Lokeshwar

376

Management of Cardiopulmonary Complications of Cirrhosis  

PubMed Central

Advanced portal hypertension accompanying end-stage liver disease results in an altered milieu due to inadequate detoxification of blood from splanchnic circulation by the failing liver. The portosystemic shunts with hepatic dysfunction result in an increased absorption and impaired neutralisation of the gastrointestinal bacteria and endotoxins leads to altered homeostasis with multiorgan dysfunction. The important cardiopulmonary complications are cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, hepatopulmonary syndrome, portopulmonary hypertension, and right-sided hydrothorax. PMID:21994850

Sawant, Prabha; Vashishtha, C.; Nasa, M.

2011-01-01

377

Management of cardiopulmonary complications of cirrhosis.  

PubMed

Advanced portal hypertension accompanying end-stage liver disease results in an altered milieu due to inadequate detoxification of blood from splanchnic circulation by the failing liver. The portosystemic shunts with hepatic dysfunction result in an increased absorption and impaired neutralisation of the gastrointestinal bacteria and endotoxins leads to altered homeostasis with multiorgan dysfunction. The important cardiopulmonary complications are cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, hepatopulmonary syndrome, portopulmonary hypertension, and right-sided hydrothorax. PMID:21994850

Sawant, Prabha; Vashishtha, C; Nasa, M

2011-01-01

378

Early Math.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents reviews of the following mathematics software designed to teach young children counting, number recognition, visual discrimination, matching, addition, and subtraction skills; Stickybear Numbers, Learning with Leeper, Getting Ready to Read and Add, Counting Parade, Early Games for Young Children, Charlie Brown's 1,2,3's, Let's Go Fishing,…

Van Nuys, Ute Elisabeth

1986-01-01

379

Technique, Complication, and Long-Term Outcome for Endovascular Treatment of Iliac Artery Occlusion  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this study was to report technical details, procedure-related complications, and results of endovascular treatment in chronic iliac artery occlusion. Between 2001 and 2008, endovascular treatments of 127 chronic iliac artery occlusions in 118 patients (8 women and 110 men; mean age, 59 years) were retrospectively reviewed. The study was based on Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards (Society for Vascular Surgery/International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery Standards). All occlusions were treated with stent placement with or without preliminary balloon angioplasty. Kaplan-Meier estimators were used to determine patency rates. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine variables affecting successful recanalization, major complications, early stent thrombosis ({<=}30 days), and primary and secondary patency rates. Initial technical success was achieved in 117 (92%) procedures. Successful recanalization was obtained by antegrade approach in 69 of 77 (90%) procedures and by retrograde approach in 52 of 105 (50%) procedures (p < 0.001). Complications were encountered in 28 (24%) patients [minor in 7 patients (6%) and major in 22 patients (19%)]. One death occurred in the operative period secondary to iliac artery rupture. Early stent thrombosis was seen in eight (7%) patients. Presence of critical limb ischemia (p = 0.03), subintimal recanalization (p = 0.03), and major complication (p = 0.02) were the independent predictors of early stent thrombosis on multivariate analysis. Primary and secondary patency rates at 5 years were 63 and 93%, respectively. Presence of critical limb ischemia, TASC type C iliac lesions, combined occlusions of both common and external iliac arteries, and major complications were associated with decreased patency rates on univariate analysis, whereas these factors were not independent predictors of stent patency on multivariate analysis. In conclusion, endovascular treatment of iliac artery occlusion has a high technical success rate with favorable long-term patency rate. Success of recanalization increases with use of the antegrade approach and with the presence of a stump of artery before the occlusion.

Ozkan, Ugur, E-mail: radugur@yahoo.com; Oguzkurt, Levent; Tercan, Fahri [Baskent University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine (Turkey)

2010-02-15

380

Complex dynamics in learning complicated games  

PubMed Central

Game theory is the standard tool used to model strategic interactions in evolutionary biology and social science. Traditionally, game theory studies the equilibria of simple games. However, is this useful if the game is complicated, and if not, what is? We define a complicated game as one with many possible moves, and therefore many possible payoffs conditional on those moves. We investigate two-person games in which the players learn based on a type of reinforcement learning called experience-weighted attraction (EWA). By generating games at random, we characterize the learning dynamics under EWA and show that there are three clearly separated regimes: (i) convergence to a unique fixed point, (ii) a huge multiplicity of stable fixed points, and (iii) chaotic behavior. In case (iii), the dimension of the chaotic attractors can be very high, implying that the learning dynamics are effectively random. In the chaotic regime, the total payoffs fluctuate intermittently, showing bursts of rapid change punctuated by periods of quiescence, with heavy tails similar to what is observed in fluid turbulence and financial markets. Our results suggest that, at least for some learning algorithms, there is a large parameter regime for which complicated strategic interactions generate inherently unpredictable behavior that is best described in the language of dynamical systems theory. PMID:23297213

Galla, Tobias; Farmer, J. Doyne

2013-01-01

381

Ileal cannulation and associated complications in dogs.  

PubMed

Accurate measurement of small intestinal digestibility is important in dogs because it allows the formulation of pet foods that provide optimal nutrition at minimal cost. Digestibility measured by comparing nutrient intake to fecal excretion in intact animals does not distinguish small intestinal digestion from large intestinal bacterial fermentation. Ileal cannulation allows small intestinal digestion to be measured alone by comparing nutrient intake with ileal excretion of chyme. Nevertheless, ileal cannulation and its associated complications are not well documented in dogs. We describe the implantation of a simple T-cannula in the ileum of nine dogs for an average duration of 26 weeks. Established cannulas were well tolerated, and one dog retained the cannula for 14 months. Nevertheless, ileal effluent proved extremely caustic, and the incidence of complications in the immediate postoperative period was high. Only one dog had an unremarkable postoperative course. Complications included abscessation and cannula extrusion, followed by severe excoriation and ulceration of the skin. This excoriation could be prevented only by immediate surgical closure of the fistula. Chronic ileal cannulation is therefore a viable technique in dogs, but careful monitoring of the cannula site is essential. Dogs should be subjected to this procedure only if adequate veterinary and nursing care is available. It is preferable to maintain a colony of long-term cannulated dogs rather than to implant cannulas as needed. PMID:8699825

Hill, R C; Ellison, G W; Burrows, C F; Bauer, J E; Carbia, B

1996-02-01

382

Complex dynamics in learning complicated games  

E-print Network

Game theory is the standard tool used to model strategic interactions in evolutionary biology and social science. Traditional game theory studies the equilibria of simple games. But is traditional game theory applicable if the game is complicated, and if not, what is? We investigate this question here, defining a complicated game as one with many possible moves, and therefore many possible payoffs conditional on those moves. We investigate two-person games in which the players learn based on experience. By generating games at random we show that under some circumstances the strategies of the two players converge to fixed points, but under others they follow limit cycles or chaotic attractors. The dimension of the chaotic attractors can be very high, implying that the dynamics of the strategies are effectively random. In the chaotic regime the payoffs fluctuate intermittently, showing bursts of rapid change punctuated by periods of quiescence, similar to what is observed in fluid turbulence and financial markets. Our results suggest that such intermittency is a highly generic phenomenon, and that there is a large parameter regime for which complicated strategic interactions generate inherently unpredictable behavior that is best described in the language of dynamical systems theory

Tobias Galla; J. Doyne Farmer

2011-09-20

383

Vascular complications arising from maldeployed stents.  

PubMed

The authors present 6 unusual vascular complications secondary to maldeployed or undeployed vascular stents. They retrospectively reviewed patients referred for complications of vascular stent placement from September 1998 to March 1999. Information on patient history was obtained from a computerized database and clinical document file. Radiographic information was obtained from arteriograms, ultrasound, and computed tomography imaging. Case 1 describes an undeployed stent in the superior mesenteric artery with subsequent thrombosis in addition to celiac occlusion secondary to attempted balloon angioplasty. Case 2 refers to a malpositioned stent placed in the aortic arch and proximal left common carotid artery. Case 3 involves an undeployed coronary stent that migrated to the right distal posterior tibial artery, causing vascular occlusion and chronic pain. In Case 4, an attempted stent placement into the left iliac artery resulted in an undeployed stent lodged across the aortic bifurcation. Case 5 illustrates a partially deployed stent occluding the left renal artery that was unamenable to further angioplasty. Case 6 demonstrates arterial dissection with a pseudoaneurysm following stent placement for right subclavian stenosis. Five patients required operative intervention. Increased use of stents may escalate the number of complications requiring operative intervention. Foreign bodies can migrate distally and potentiate thrombotic occlusion of vessels. Caution must be used not only at the time of deployment but also in the follow-up period. Continued surveillance becomes important after vascular stent placement. PMID:11951101

Kitchens, Cliff; Jordan, William; Wirthlin, Douglas; Whitley, David

2002-01-01

384

Advanced Glycation End Products and Diabetic Complications  

PubMed Central

During long standing hyperglycaemic state in diabetes mellitus, glucose forms covalent adducts with the plasma proteins through a non-enzymatic process known as glycation. Protein glycation and formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications like retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, cardiomyopathy along with some other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis and aging. Glycation of proteins interferes with their normal functions by disrupting molecular conformation, altering enzymatic activity, and interfering with receptor functioning. AGEs form intra- and extracellular cross linking not only with proteins, but with some other endogenous key molecules including lipids and nucleic acids to contribute in the development of diabetic complications. Recent studies suggest that AGEs interact with plasma membrane localized receptors for AGEs (RAGE) to alter intracellular signaling, gene expression, release of pro-inflammatory molecules and free radicals. The present review discusses the glycation of plasma proteins such as albumin, fibrinogen, globulins and collagen to form different types of AGEs. Furthermore, the role of AGEs in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications including retinopathy, cataract, neuropathy, nephropathy and cardiomyopathy is also discussed. PMID:24634591

Singh, Varun Parkash; Bali, Anjana; Singh, Nirmal

2014-01-01

385

Complications Following BellaGen™ Injection  

PubMed Central

BellaGen™ is an injectable acellular dermal matrix granule derived from donated human skin tissue that was recently developed for soft tissue augmentation. Its use has been sporadically reported in penile girth enhancement procedures. Many cases of complications have been reported after injecting acellular dermal matrices like AlloDerm or SureDerm™ but few reports on complications associated with BellaGen™ injection. We report here on penile skin inflammation and necrosis following augmentation phalloplasty with BellaGen™, which developed 3 days after the injection and persisted for more than 2 weeks. The patient had a 15 year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and he was treated with oral antibiotics and wet dressings with KMNO4 solution to combine preservation of the remaining penile soft tissue with debridement of avascular tissue. The lesion improved with this treatment, but the patient experienced pain for about 2 weeks. All patients should be informed of the potential complications with the use of injectable acellular dermal matrices before treatment. Patient selection for augmentation is also important to have the most desirable results. PMID:22346264

Park, Mi Kyung; Kim, Hyun Kyu; Park, Kui Young; Li, Kapsok; Hong, Chang Kwun

2011-01-01

386

Right liver necrosis: complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  

PubMed

Although bile duct injuries are common among the complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, hepatic vascular injuries are not well described. Between January 1990 to December 1999, 83 patients with bile duct injuries have been referred to our clinic. Two of them had liver necrosis due to hepatic arterial occlusion. These two women had laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis in district hospitals 4 and 15 days prior to their referral to our clinic. Serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels were found to be 30 to 40-fold higher than normal levels. Ultrasonography, computed tomography and Doppler sonography showed necrosis in the right liver lobe and no flow in the right hepatic artery. Patients were also complicated with liver abscess and biliary peritonitis, respectively. Emergency right hepatectomy was performed in both cases and one of them needed Roux-Y-hepaticojejunostomy (to the left hepatic duct). One patient died of peritonitis in the postoperative period. The other one has no problem in her third postoperative year. The earliest and the simplest method for diagnosis or ruling out hepatic arterial occlusion is detecting the blood biochemistry and Doppler ultrasonography. In some cases emergency hepatectomy can be necessary. Postoperative complications should be expected higher than elective cases. PMID:11813609

Kayaalp, C; Nessar, G; Kaman, S; Akoglu, M

2001-01-01

387

Perineal wound complications after abdominoperineal resection.  

PubMed

Perineal wound complications following abdominoperineal resection (APR) is a common occurrence. Risk factors such as operative technique, preoperative radiation therapy, and indication for surgery (i.e., rectal cancer, anal cancer, or inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]) are strong predictors of these complications. Patient risk factors include diabetes, obesity, and smoking. Intraoperative perineal wound management has evolved from open wound packing to primary closure with closed suctioned transabdominal pelvic drains. Wide excision is used to gain local control in cancer patients, and coupled with the increased use of pelvic radiation therapy, we have experienced increased challenges with primary closure of the perineal wound. Tissue transfer techniques such as omental pedicle flaps, and vertical rectus abdominis and gracilis muscle or myocutaneous flaps are being used to reconstruct large perineal defects and decrease the incidence of perineal wound complications. Wound failure is frequently managed by wet to dry dressing changes, but can result in prolonged hospital stay, hospital readmission, home nursing wound care needs, and the expenditure of significant medical costs. Adjuvant therapies to conservative wound care have been suggested, but evidence is still lacking. The use of the vacuum-assisted closure device has shown promise in chronic soft tissue wounds; however, experience is lacking, and is likely due to the difficulty in application techniques. PMID:20011400

Wiatrek, Rebecca L; Thomas, J Scott; Papaconstantinou, Harry T

2008-02-01

388

Impact of Sequencing of Postmastectomy Radiotherapy and Breast Reconstruction on Timing and Rate of Complications and Patient Satisfaction  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: There are few long-term studies of how the sequencing of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) and breast reconstruction (BR) affects the time to development of complications or patient satisfaction with BR. We therefore studied this issue. Methods and Materials: One hundred thirteen women who underwent BR at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (Boston, MA) from 1999-2006 and also received PMRT were included. Complications requiring surgery were categorized as early (within 90 days of BR) or late. The median length of follow-up after BR was 46.5 months. Patients' general and esthetic satisfaction was assessed with a validated questionnaire. Results: Complications occurred among 32% of 57 women receiving PMRT before BR and 44% of 57 patients having BR before PMRT (p = 0.176). Early complications were more frequent in patients who had PMRT first (18%) than for those with BR first (11%) (p = 0.210); conversely, late complication rates in the two groups were 14% and 33%, respectively (p = 0.009). General satisfaction was comparable between the PMRT-first and BR-first groups (68% and 68%, respectively; p = 0.995); esthetic satisfaction rates were also similar (50% and 62%, respectively; p = 0.238). Conclusions: The sequencing of PMRT and BR did not have a substantial impact on the total risk of complications or patients' general and esthetic satisfaction. However, early complications tended to develop in patients having PMRT first, whereas patients having BR first had a higher risk of late complications. Additional study of the effects of sequencing of PMRT on particular types of reconstructions may help devise strategies for reducing these risks.

Adesiyun, Tolulope A.; Lee, Bernard T.; Yueh, Janet H.; Chen, Chen [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA (Israel); Colakoglu, Salih; Anderson, Katarina E.M.; Nguyen, Minh-Doan T. [Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA (Israel); Recht, Abram, E-mail: arecht@bidmc.harvard.ed [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA (Israel)

2011-06-01

389

Four Cases of a Cerebral Air Embolism Complicating a Percutaneous Transthoracic Needle Biopsy  

PubMed Central

A percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy is a common procedure in the practice of pulmonology. An air embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of a percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. We report four cases of a cerebral air embolism that developed after a percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. Early diagnosis and the rapid application of hyperbaric oxygen therapy is the mainstay of therapy for an embolism. Prevention is the best course and it is essential that possible risk factors be avoided. PMID:19182507

Um, Soo-Jung; Lee, Soo-Keol; Yang, Doo Kyung; Kim, Ki Nam; Lee, Ki-Nam; Kim, Yun Seong

2009-01-01

390

Complications of radiofrequency ablation of hepatic tumors: Frequency and risk factors  

PubMed Central

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has become an important option in the therapy of primary and secondary hepatic tumors. Surgical resection is still the best treatment option, but only a few of these patients are candidates for surgery: multilobar disease, insufficient liver reserve that will lead to liver failure after resection, extra-hepatic disease, proximity to major bile ducts and vessels, and co-morbidities. RFA has a low mortality and morbidity rate and is considered to be safe. Thus, complications occur and vary widely in the literature. Complications are caused by thermal damage, direct needle injury, infection and the patient’s co-morbidities. Tumor type, type of approach, number of lesions, tumor localization, underlying hepatic disease, the physician’s experience, associated hepatic resection and lesion size have been described as factors significantly associated with complications. The physician in charge should promptly recognize high-risk patients more susceptible to complications, perform a close post procedure follow-up and manage them early and adequately if they occur. We aim to describe complications from RFA of hepatic tumors and their risk factors, as well as a few techniques to avoid them. This way, others can decrease their morbidity rates with better outcomes. PMID:24672640

Fonseca, Alexandre Zanchenko; Santin, Stephanie; Gomes, Luiz Guilherme Lisboa; Waisberg, Jaques; Ribeiro Jr., Marcelo Augusto Fontenelle

2014-01-01

391

[Follow-up results of complications in tibial intramedullary and interlocking nailing].  

PubMed

Faults in the technique of tibial nail locking and possibilities of complications thereafter are numerous, showing that this procedure is also not foolproof. On the basis of the results of follow-up examinations carried out in 42 cases with perioperative and postoperative complications out of a total of 229 patients on whom tibia nail locking was performed in the period from 1987 through 1992, we were able to state that in the learning curve for the initial period the overall rate of complications amounted to as much as 25.5%. After we-like other authors--made routine use of the method of static nail locking the overall rate of complications dropped to 5.6%. Although we cannot confirm an increase in the occurrence of the compartment syndrome on account of static nail locking, we deem it advisable to point to the possibility of this postoperative complications, as well as to the chance of avoiding incomplete healing by early decompression. PMID:7992499

Wallenböck, E; Hasenhüttl, K

1994-01-01

392

[Influence of perinatal complications on serum levels of alpha 1-antitrypsin in preterm newborns].  

PubMed

Influence of perinatal complications on serum levels of alpha 1-antitrypsin was investigated in preterms newborns. Investigation was performed on two groups of newborns: first group consisted of 40 preterm newborns (gestation below 37 weeks) with perinatal complications, and second group consisted of 40 newborns without perinatal complications (gestation 37-42 weeks). Values of al-AT in serum preterm newbornswere 1,76+/-0,48 g/l, and in health newborns 1,88+/-0,31 g/l. Statistically significant difference was noted between two investigated serum values (p<0,0008). There was not a statistically significant influence of sex of investigated newborns in serum levels of alpha1-AT. From all investigated perinatal complications (RDS, brain damage, infection, deviation of intrauterine growth, ruptura vela filamentorum, vitium cordis congenita and more complications) variable "infection" has had only statistically significant influence on serum levels alpha1-AT (p< 0,02). T he opinion o f authors of th is investigation is that serum levels of this protein could be usefull in a diagnostic purposes, even if antibiotic treatment was started, and it will be a usefull as an early marker of pure treatment some of diseases. PMID:17297846

Brki?, Selmira; Skoki?, Fahrija; Mladina, Nada

2006-01-01

393

Use of intraoperative indocyanin-green angiography to minimize wound healing complications in abdominal wall reconstruction.  

PubMed

Complication rates following abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) remain high. Early complications are related to skin necrosis and delayed healing, whereas late complications are related to recurrence. When concomitant body contouring procedures are performed, complication rates can be further increased. It is hypothesised that fluorescent angiography using indocyanin green (ICG) can identify poorly perfused tissues and thus reduce the incidence of delayed healing. A retrospective review was conducted of all patients who underwent AWR with concomitant panniculectomy from 2007-2012. Intraoperative ICG angiography with the SPY system (LifeCell Corp.) was used to determine the amount of resection for body contouring in patients who underwent reconstruction in a cohort of patients. SPY-Q was used to assess relative perfusion of analysed areas. Preoperative, postoperative, and operative details were analyzed. Seventeen patients met inclusion criteria, 12 patients were included in the non-ICG cohort, while five patients were included in the ICG cohorts. Wound-healing complications occurred in 5/12 (42%) patients in the non-ICG cohort vs 1/5 (20%) of the ICG cohorts. A description of the sole patient with complications in the ICG cohort is illustrated. Operative debridement and wound infection development occurred more frequently in the non-ICG cohort compared with the ICG cohort (17%, 17% vs 0%, 0%, respectively). Average time to wound healing was 41.1 days. Intraoperative ICG angiography can accurately detect perfusion abnormalities and can decrease wound healing related complications in complex hernia repair with concomitant panniculectomy. Assessing and ensuring skin viability can decrease the need for operative debridement. PMID:23596988

Patel, Ketan M; Bhanot, Parag; Franklin, Brenton; Albino, Frank; Nahabedian, Maurice Y

2013-12-01

394

Service usage and vascular complications in young adults with type 1 diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background Few studies have examined young adults with type 1 diabetes use of health services and the development of vascular complications. As part of the Youth Outreach for Diabetes (YOuR-Diabetes) project, this study identified health service usage, the prevalence and factors predictive of development of vascular complications (hypertension, retinopathy and nephropathy) in a cohort of young adults (aged 16–30 years) with type 1 diabetes in Hunter New England and the Lower Mid-North Coast area of New South Wales, Australia. Methods A cross-sectional retrospective documentation survey was undertaken of case notes of young adults with type 1 diabetes accessing Hunter New England Local Health District public health services in 2010 and 2011, identified through ambulatory care clinic records, hospital attendances and other clinical records. Details of service usage, complications screening and evidence of vascular complications were extracted. Independent predictors were modelled using linear and logistic regression analyses. Results A cohort of 707 patients were reviewed; mean (SD) age was 23.0 (3.7) years, with mean diabetes duration of 10.2 (5.8, range 0.2 - 28.3) years; 42.4% lived/ 23.1% accessed services in non-metropolitan areas. Routine preventative service usage was low and unplanned contacts high; both deteriorated with increasing age. Low levels of complications screening were found. Where documented, hypertension, particularly, was common, affecting 48.4% across the study period. Diabetes duration was a strong predictor of vascular complications along with glycaemic control; hypertension was linked with renal dysfunction. Conclusion Findings indicate a need to better understand young people’s drivers and achievements when accessing services, and how services can be reconfigured or delivered differently to better meet their needs and achieve better outcomes. Regular screening is required using current best practice guidelines as this affords the greatest chance for early complication detection, treatment initiation and secondary prevention. PMID:24884679

2014-01-01

395

Hepatobiliary Complications of Sickle Cell Disease among Children Admitted to Al Wahda Teaching Hospital, Aden, Yemen  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the pattern of hepatobiliary complications among patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and to assess their correlation with age, gender and other risk factors. Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed 106 patients with SCD who were admitted to Al Wahda Teaching Hospital in Aden, Yemen, between January and June 2009. A full history, thorough examination, essential laboratory investigations (including a complete blood count, liver function test and viral markers test) and an abdominal ultrasound were performed on all patients. The clinicopathological characteristics of the hepatobiliary complications were analysed for their correlation to different risk factors such as age and gender. Results: It was found that 46.2% of the patients with SCD had hepatobiliary complications. Of these, 36.7% had viral hepatitis, 26.0% had cholecystitis and 20% had gallstones. A total of 60.4% of the affected patients were male. The mean levels of alanine aminotransferase (59.4 and 56.0 U/L) and aspartate transaminase (40.1 and 38.3 U/L) were significantly elevated in patients with viral hepatitis and cholecystitis, respectively. Hepatitis B virus surface antigen showed higher positivity (10.4%) than anti-hepatitis A and anti-hepatitis C antibodies. Hepatobiliary complications increased significantly with age and were notably higher among those who were often admitted to hospital and/or underwent frequent blood transfusions. Conclusion: This study suggests that hepatobiliary complications are common among SCD patients and the likelihood of developing such complications increases as patients age. Thus, regular clinical follow-ups, abdominal ultrasound studies and periodic liver function tests, as well as serological tests for viral hepatitis, are strongly recommended. These can help in the early detection of these complications and allow opportunities for their management and prevention. PMID:25364561

Qhalib, Hana A.; Zain, Gamal H.

2014-01-01

396

Vasculobiliary complications following adult right lobe split liver transplantation from the perspective of reconstruction techniques.  

PubMed

Split liver transplantation (SLT) compensates for the organ shortage and provides an alternative solution for recipients disadvantaged by a smaller body size. Variations in the hepatic arterial anatomy and reconstructive techniques may lead to more technical complications, and we sought to analyze the incidence and risk factors of vasculobiliary complications with respect to reconstructive techniques. We identified 171 adult right lobe SLT procedures and 1412 whole liver transplantation (WLT) procedures between January 2000 and June 2012 and compared the results of these 2 groups. In the SLT group, arterial reconstruction techniques were classified into 4 subgroups (I-IV), and biliary reconstruction was classified into 2 groups [duct-to-duct (DD) anastomosis and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (RH)]. Specific surgical complications were analyzed against reconstruction techniques. The overall incidence of vascular and biliary complications in the SLT group was greater than that in the WLT group (P?=?0.009 and P?=?0.001, respectively). There was no difference in hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT), but we saw a tendency toward early HAT in the presence of multiple hepatic arteries supplying the right lobe graft (group IV; 20%) in comparison with the other arterial reconstruction groups (P?=?0.052). No difference was noticed in the overall incidence of biliary complications in either DD or RH recipients across 4 arterial reconstruction groups. When the arterial reconstruction involved a right hepatic artery (groups II and III) combined with a DD biliary anastomosis, there was a significant preponderance of biliary complications (P?=?0.04 and P?=?0.01, respectively). There was no survival difference between SLT and WLT grafts. In conclusion, the complications of SLT are directly related to arterial and biliary reconstruction techniques, and this classification helps to identify high-risk reconstructive techniques. Liver Transpl 21:63-71, 2015. © 2014 AASLD. PMID:25302412

Mabrouk Mourad, Moustafa; Liossis, Christos; Kumar, Senthil; Gunson, Bridget K; Mergental, Hynek; Isaac, John; Bramhall, Simon R; Muiesan, Paolo; Mirza, Darius F; Thamara P R Perera, M

2015-01-01

397

Prevention and management of complications in body contouring surgery.  

PubMed

This patient safety article discusses strategies to prevent, diagnose, and manage complications from body contouring surgery. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative approaches to avoiding, identifying, and treating complications are addressed. Individual complications, such as hematoma, seroma, infection, dehiscence, suture extrusion, deep venous thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism are discussed and a review of complication rates in the body contouring literature is provided. The article addresses procedure-specific complications and pearls to avoiding complications in these cases. Difficult problems such as skin relaxation and management of the disappointed patient are also discussed. PMID:25283464

Gusenoff, Jeffrey A

2014-10-01

398

Post legalisation challenge: minimizing complications of abortion.  

PubMed

Abortion has been legalized in Nepal since September 2002 by 11th amendment to the Muluki Ain. The present study was conducted in Paropakar Shree Panch Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi Maternity Hospital to assess the magnitude of induced abortion, its causes and the types of complications, in the post legalization phase. Prospective descriptive analyses of the patients who were admitted with history of induced abortion from 16th Dec 2003 to 13th March 2004 was carried out. A total of 305 cases of abortion complications were admitted during the three-month study period, which is 39.7% of the total gynaecological admissions (768). Of these 31 (10.25%) patients had history of induced abortion. Half of the induced abortion cases (52%) were of age group 21-29 yrs and 42% had three or more children. 39% of the cases had history of induced abortion at more than 12 weeks and almost half of the cases (48%) had history of family planning. The most common reason for seeking abortion was too many children (59%) followed by illegitimate pregnancy (16%). Twenty-one patients gave history of abortion being performed by doctors and the most common method used was D and C (75%). 77% of cases presented as incomplete abortion and one case presented with uterine perforation, bowel injury and peritonitis. Twenty patients had evacuation under sedation while five had manual vacuum aspiration (MVA); one patient required laparatomy. In two third of the patients intravenous fluid and antibiotics were used. Four patients required blood transfusion. Abortion complications constitute almost 40% of the total gynaecological admissions. Ten percent of the abortion cases had history of induced abortion. Medical persons, mainly doctors, performed most of the cases of induced abortion and D and C was the most commonly used method. However the patients had faced various types of complications. Untrained provider, resulting in serious life threatening injuries, performed more than a third of the cases of induced abortion at more than twelve weeks gestation. This points to the need for improved monitoring of the quality of services provided, and adherence to the criteria set by the procedural order. PMID:15821380

Ojha, N; Sharma, S; Paudel, J

2004-01-01

399

Contraindications and complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  

PubMed

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a commonly performed procedure for the removal of symptomatic gallstones. Compared with open cholecystectomy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with less postoperative pain, earlier discharge from the hospital and a more rapid recovery. However, there are specific contraindications to the procedure, including empyema of the gallbladder, gangrenous cholecystitis, coagulopathy, portal hypertension and peritonitis. Complications from laparoscopic cholecystectomy include common duct injury, bleeding, bile leakage and wound infection. An understanding of these issues allows the family physician to more appropriately select patients for laparoscopic removal of the gallbladder. PMID:7977000

Rappaport, W D; Gordon, P; Warneke, J A; Neal, D; Hunter, G C

1994-12-01

400

[On prevention of oncological involutory complications].  

PubMed

Actual issues of modem medicine meeting basic directions of reformation of national public health system and enhancement of preventive services to female patients of various age groups are considered. Actual information on development of oncological gynecological diseases in women with complicated involutional period is included. Possibility in getting new data on risk factors in women with involutional period for the purpose of health promotion in women of reproductive age and of enhancement of life quality during involutional period is surmised. Prospective and effective pattern of primary prevention of oncological gynecological involutional pathology is proposed to be implemented in practice of public health cervices as standardized normative document. PMID:17004375

Kulikova, N G; Minaev, A B; Simonova, L P

2006-01-01

401

Carcinoma of the lung complicating lipoid pneumonia  

SciTech Connect

The authors have encountered four cases of oil aspiration pneumonia complicated by carcinoma. Each had a clear-cut history of chronic intake of an oily substance, radiographic changes, and histologically documented oil aspiration pneumonia. Lung cancer later appeared in the involved area. A small number of similar cases also have been reported. The implication is that oil aspiration pneumonitis may induce bronchogenic carcinoma, particularly either the alveolar cell or the squamous cell variety. The radiographic diagnosis of the malignant transformation is difficult, and consequently the prognosis is poor.

Felson, B.; Ralaisomay, G.

1983-11-01

402

Female genital mutilation: perspectives, risks, and complications.  

PubMed

Female genital mutilation, traditionally known as female circumcision, is a surgically unnecessary modification of the female genitalia, practiced in nations in Africa, the Arab Peninsula, among some communities in Asia, and among immigrants and refugees from these areas who have settled in other areas. The practice is known across socio-economic classes and among many different ethnic and cultural groups, including Christians, Muslims, Jews, and followers of indigenous African religions. As people from these areas immigrate to North America, health care professionals need to understand the important aspects of this growing problem, including management of complications, cultural attitudes, and sensitivities. PMID:10373987

Morris, R I

1999-03-01

403

Vascular Complications of Pancreatitis: Imaging and Intervention  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to highlight technical challenges and potential pitfalls of diagnostic imaging, intervention, and postintervention follow-up of vascular complications of pancreatitis. Diagnostic and interventional radiology imaging from patients with pancreatitis from 2002 to 2006 was reviewed. We conclude that biphasic CT is the diagnostic modality of choice. Catheter angiography may (still) be required to diagnose small pseudoaneurysms. Endovascular coiling is the treatment of choice for pseudoaneurysms. Close clinical follow-up is required, as patients may rebleed/develop aneurysms elsewhere.

Kirby, John M., E-mail: johnkirby@ireland.com; Vora, Parag; Midia, Mehran; Rawlinson, John [McMaster University Medical Center (Canada)

2008-09-15

404

Effect of Thrombophylaxis on Uterine and Fetal Circulation in Pregnant Women with a History of Pregnancy Complications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of thromboprophylactic therapy on fetal and maternal Doppler flow parameters in pregnant women with severe complications in previous pregnancies and evidence of acquired or congenital thrombophilia in the current pregnancy. Methods: Sixty-five patients with a history of recurrent abortions, intrauterine fetal death, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and severe early-onset

Jacob Bar; Reuven Mashiah; Bina Cohen-Sacher; Moshe Hod; Raoul Orvieto; Zion Ben-Rafael; Judith Lahav

2001-01-01

405

Urological complications of illicit drug use.  

PubMed

Illicit drug use is prevalent worldwide; over 24 million people are estimated to have used recreational drugs during the past month in the UK and USA alone. Illicit drug use can result in a wide spectrum of potential medical complications that include many urological manifestations. To ensure optimal care and treatment, urologists need to be cognizant of these complications in their patients, particularly among youths. Ketamine uropathy is thought to affect over one-quarter of ketamine users and can lead to severe lower urinary tract symptoms, as well as upper tract obstruction. Cannabis use has been associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer, prostate cancer and nonseminomatous germ cell tumours in case-control studies. Fournier's gangrene has been reported following injection of heroin and cocaine into the penis. Excessive use of cough medicines can lead to the development of radiolucent stones composed of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine and guaifenesin. As the current evidence is mostly limited to case reports and case series, future epidemiological studies are needed to fully address this issue. PMID:24535583

Skeldon, Sean C; Goldenberg, S Larry

2014-03-01

406

Complications from micronutrient deficiency following bariatric surgery.  

PubMed

We report a case of clinically significant micronutrient deficiencies following biliary pancreatic diversion (BPD) surgery. Our patient was admitted to hospital six years after BPD surgery following a low impact humeral fracture complicated by postoperative wound infection. On presentation she complained of a widespread rash and loss of night vision. Laboratory testing confirmed hypoalbuminaemia, deficiencies of vitamins A, E and D and of the trace elements copper, zinc and selenium. Bone densitometry confirmed osteoporosis. The skin rash was thought to be due to zinc deficiency and improved with conservative measures and trace element replacement. Her night blindness resolved 48 hours after receiving high dose parenteral vitamin A. Six months later she was readmitted to our intensive care unit with wound dehiscence at her fracture site and clinical features of sepsis and encephalopathy. This case highlights the importance of devising treatment and follow-up guidance prior to surgery and multidisciplinary team involvement including the patient so that long-term metabolic complications are avoided. PMID:24847133

Wilson, Helen O; Datta, Dev Bn

2014-11-01

407

Multiple sclerosis: a complicated picture of autoimmunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding of autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis, has expanded considerably in recent years. New insights have been provided by not only animal models but also studies of patients, often in conjunction with experimental therapies. It is accepted that autoimmune T cells mediate the early steps of new multiple sclerosis lesions, and although uncertainties remain about the specific targets of autoreactive

Roland Martin; Henry F McFarland

2007-01-01

408

Early Cottons  

E-print Network

it is understood, as Texas farmers understand it, that earliness is essen- tial in making a successful crop where boll weevils destroy all late fruit as fast as it is formed. The presence of boll weevils means a shortened fruiting season. While the work has.... Weevils appeared a few days after the cotton came above ground, and were so numerous as to stop all fruiting after July 20th; indeed they were so numerous that cotton planted June lid not grow an average count of one boll to the stalk, though the 4...

Bennett, R. L. (Robert Love)

1904-01-01

409

Pathophysiology and management of some medical complications of Crohn's disease.  

PubMed Central

The pathophysiology of various metabolic and other medical disorders that may complicate Crohn's disease is outlined. Measures that may help to prevent or mitigate these complications are discussed. PMID:7065595

Turnberg, L. A.

1982-01-01

410

Preterm-Birth Complications Leading Global Killer of Young Children  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Preterm-Birth Complications Leading Global Killer of Young Children To ... of 5 die worldwide each day from preterm birth complications, making it the leading cause of death ...

411

Long-Term Complications of Diabetes (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... schedule prescribed by the doctor. Continue Kidney Disease (Diabetic Nephropathy) High blood sugar can damage the blood ... complications and health problems. Back Continue Nerve Damage (Diabetic Neuropathy) Another complication that people who have had ...

412

Complications of nasogastric tube placement--don't blow it.  

PubMed

Preventable complications maybe associated with the placement of nasogastric tubes. Our report raises awareness of the potentially fatal complications that can occur. We also recommend an approach for clinicians which maybe used to avoid significant patient morbidity. PMID:22708227

Leonard, S; O'Connell, S; O'Connor, M

2012-04-01

413

COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF COMPLICATED METAMATERIAL STRUCTURES USING MLFMA AND  

E-print Network

COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF COMPLICATED METAMATERIAL STRUCTURES USING MLFMA AND NESTED, Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey E-mail: lgurel@bilkent.edu.tr fax: +90-312-2905755 Keywords: Metamaterials preconditioners. Abstract We consider accurate solution of scattering problems involving complicated metamaterial

Gürel, Levent

414

Complications after subpectoral biceps tenodesis using a dual suture anchor technique  

PubMed Central

Purpose: A variety of fixation techniques for subpectoral biceps tenodeses have been described including interference screw and suture anchor fixation. Biomechanical data suggests that dual suture anchor fixation has equivalent strength compared to interference screw fixation. The purpose of the study is to determine the early complication rate after subpectoral biceps tenodesis utilizing a dual suture anchor technique. Materials and Methods: A total of 103 open subpectoral biceps tenodeses were performed over a 3-year period using a dual suture anchor technique. There were 72 male and 31 female shoulders. The average age at the time of tenodesis was 45.5 years. 41 patients had a minimum of 6 months clinical follow-up (range, 6 to 45 months). The tenodesis was performed for biceps tendonitis, superior labral tears, biceps tendon subluxation, biceps tendon partial tears, and revisions of prior tenodeses. Results: There were a total of 7 complications (7%) in the entire group. There were 4 superficial wound infections (4%). There were 2 temporary nerve palsies (2%) resulting from the interscalene block. One patient had persistent numbness of the ear and a second patient had a temporary phrenic nerve palsy resulting in respiratory dysfunction and hospital admission. One patient developed a pulmonary embolism requiring hospital admission and anticoagulation. There were no hematomas, wound dehiscences, peripheral nerve injuries, or ruptures. In the sub-group of patients with a minimum of 6 months clinical follow-up, the only complication was a single wound infection treated with oral antibiotics. Conclusions: Subpectoral biceps tenodesis utilizing a dual suture anchor technique has a low early complication rate with no ruptures or deep infections. The complication rate is comparable to those previously reported for interference screw subpectoral tenodesis and should be considered as a reasonable alternative to interference screw fixation. Level of Evidence: Level IV-Retrospective Case Series PMID:25114415

Abtahi, Amir M.; Granger, Erin K.; Tashjian, Robert Z.

2014-01-01

415

Complications following Surgery for Lumbar Stenosis in a Veteran Population  

PubMed Central

Study Design Secondary analysis of the prospectively collected Veterans Affairs National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP) database. Objective Determine rates of major medical complications, wound complications, and mortality among patients undergoing surgery for lumbar stenosis; and examine risk factors for these complications. Summary of Background Data Surgery for spinal stenosis is concentrated among older adults, for whom complications are more frequent than among middle-aged patients. Many studies have focused on infections or device complications, but fewer have focused on major cardiopulmonary complications, using prospectively collected data. Methods We identified patients who underwent surgery for a primary diagnosis of lumbar stenosis between 1998 and 2009 from the VASQIP database. We created a composite of major medical complications, including acute myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, systemic sepsis, coma, and cardiac arrest. Results Among 12,154 eligible patients, major medical complications occurred in 2.1% ; wound complications in 3.2%; and 90-day mortality in 0.6%. Major medical complications, but not wound complications, were strongly associated with age. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class was a strong predictor of complications. Insulin use, chronic corticosteroid use, and preoperative functional status were also significant predictors. Fusion procedures were associated with higher complication rates than decompression alone. In logistic regressions, ASA class and age were the strongest predictors of major medical complications (OR for ASA class 4 vs. classes 1 or 2: 2.97, 95% CI 1.68, 5.25, p=0.0002). After adjustment for comorbidity, age, and functional status, fusion procedures remained associated with higher medical complication rates than decompression alone (OR 2.85, 95% CI 2.14, 3.78, p<0.0001). Conclusion ASA class, age, type of surgery, insulin or corticosteroid use, and functional status were independent risk factors for major medical complications. These factors may help in selecting patients and planning procedures, improving patient safety. PMID:23778366

Deyo, Richard A.; Hickam, David; Duckart, Jonathan P.; Piedra, Mark

2013-01-01

416

Complications associated with arthroscopic rotator cuff repair: a literature review.  

PubMed

The aim of this literature review was to report complications associated with arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR). A computerized search of articles published between 200 and 2009 was performed using MEDLINE and PubMed. We included clinical studies (Level 1-4): (a) investigating patients with rotator cuff tears, managed by a completely arthroscopic RCR technique; (b) reported data about complications. Data about arthroscopic-assisted techniques were excluded. Articles that meet criteria inclusion were analytically examined. Complications were classified into general complications and specific complications related to arthroscopic RCR. We found 414 complications in 2,890 patients; most of them were specific complications related to arthroscopic RCR. Re-rupture was the most frequently encountered complication: re-tear rate ranged between 11.4 and 94%. Stiffness and hardware-related complications were observed in 74 and 12 patients, respectively. Eleven less common complications were also reported: 5 neurovascular, 3 septic, 2 thromboembolic events, and 1 anesthesiological complication. This review stated that arthroscopic RCR is a low-risk surgical procedure. Anatomical failure of the repair is the most common complication encountered in the literature. PMID:22205384

Randelli, P; Spennacchio, P; Ragone, V; Arrigoni, P; Casella, A; Cabitza, P

2012-06-01

417

Managing complications I: leaks, strictures, emptying, reflux, chylothorax.  

PubMed

Esophagectomy can be used to treat several esophageal diseases; it is most commonly used for treatment of esophageal cancer. Esophagectomy is a major procedure that may result in various complications. This article reviews only the important complications resulting from esophageal resection, which are anastomotic complications after esophageal reconstruction (leakage and stricture), delayed emptying or dumping syndrome, reflux, and chylothorax. PMID:24876942

Chen, Ke-Neng

2014-05-01

418

Complications in Percutaneous Vertebroplasty Associated with Puncture or Cement Leakage  

SciTech Connect

Due to the minimally invasive character and excellent clinical outcome of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP), the procedure is being performed in greatly increasing numbers. While PVP has a low complication rate in general, severe complications can occur. We focus on the imaging appearance of complications of PVP associated with puncture or cement leakage-from harmless to life-threatening.

Baumann, Clemens, E-mail: clebaumann@yahoo.com; Fuchs, Heiko [Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Kiwit, Juergen [HELIOS-Klinikum Berlin, Department of Neurological Surgery (Germany); Westphalen, Kerstin; Hierholzer, Johannes [Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

2007-04-15

419

Medical complications of achondroplasia: a multicentre patient review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achondroplasia is the most prevalent chondrodysplasia and numerous authors have documented the varied social and medical complications that may compromise a full and productive life. Complications include cervicomedullary compression, spinal stenosis, restrictive and obstructive lung disease, otitis media, and tibial bowing, among others. These known complications have led to recommendations for the anticipatory management of such patients. There are relatively

A G Hunter; A Bankier; J G Rogers; D Sillence; C I Scott

1998-01-01

420

Coagulopathy in liver diseases: complication or therapy?  

PubMed

Coagulopathy in cirrhosis is a composite condition where liver synthetic deficit rebalances coagulation to a parallel reduction of both pro- and anticoagulant factors. Cirrhosis is therefore no longer considered a hypocoagulable state but rather a more unstable hemostatic balance with a lower threshold for tipping toward thrombosis or bleeding. Tendency to bleeding in cirrhosis is due to the reduction in the synthesis of procoagulants and a low platelet count as well as hyperfibrinolysis. Variceal hemorrhage is a frequent bleeding complication in decompensated cirrhosis. However, the possible contribution of coagulopathy as a precipitant or an aggravating factor is poorly documented and further data are required to clarify its real contributing role. Moreover, apart from the gastrointestinal tract, the occurrence of spontaneous and procedure-related bleeding elsewhere in the body, whilst not uncommon, is less than would be expected. By contrast, a large-scale population-based study has shown the propensity towards venous thrombosis in patients with liver diseases. Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a critical but frequent event occurring in up to 40% of patients with liver cirrhosis. PVT causes deterioration of the clinical course, the complications of portal hypertension and an increase in post-transplant mortality. The pathogenesis of PVT includes both local alterations, like blood flow reduction and endothelial activation, and systemic derangement. Systemic prohemostatic alterations include high von Willebrand factor, low ADAMTS-13, low levels of anticoagulants (antithrombin, proteins C and S) and increases in procoagulants like factor VIII. Low-molecular-weight heparin such as enoxaparin has proven to be safe and effective in both the treatment and prevention of PVT. In addition, patients in prophylaxis with enoxaparin showed a lower rate of decompensation and a better survival without bleeding complications. In such patients, circulating bacterial DNA, endotoxemia and markers of inflammation were attenuated compared to controls. These results therefore suggest a possible connection between enoxaparin, decrease of endotoxemia and reduction of portal hypertension. The approach to the coagulopathy in patients with liver diseases is changing: while the main goal for clinicians so far has been to reduce the risk of bleeding, the results of these new studies highlight the importance of preventing or treating thrombophilic disorders like PVT to avoid microcirculatory damage and eventually liver decompensation. PMID:25034295

Bianchini, Marcello; De Pietri, Lesley; Villa, Erica

2014-01-01

421

Noninfectious Pulmonary Complications of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection  

PubMed Central

Abstract: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the retrovirus responsible for the development of AIDS. Its profound impact on the immune system leaves the host vulnerable to a wide range of opportunistic infections not seen in individuals with a competent immune system. Pulmonary infections dominated the presentations in the early years of the epidemic, and infectious and noninfectious lung diseases remain the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in persons living with HIV despite the development of effective antiretroviral therapy. In addition to the long known immunosuppression and infection risks, it is becoming increasingly recognized that HIV promotes the risk of noninfectious pulmonary diseases through a number of different mechanisms, including direct tissue toxicity by HIV-related viral proteins and the secondary effects of coinfections. Diseases of the airways, lung parenchyma and the pulmonary vasculature, as well as pulmonary malignancies, are either more frequent in persons living with HIV or have atypical presentations. As the pulmonary infectious complications of HIV are generally well known and have been reviewed extensively, this review will focus on the breadth of noninfectious pulmonary diseases that occur in HIV-infected individuals as these may be more difficult to recognize by general medical physicians and subspecialists caring for this large and uniquely vulnerable population. PMID:24992395

Staitieh, Bashar

2014-01-01

422

[Sharp syndrome complicating pulmonary tuberculosis: apropos of a case].  

PubMed

This study concerns a case-report about a 28 year old Senegalese woman suffering from a SHARP syndrome complicated by a bilateral bacillary pulmonary tuberculosis. The prevalence of this disease is underestimated but a female predominance is often reported. The mechanisms of this disease strongly depends upon the context in with it occurs. The diagnostic has been established by the ALARCON SEGOVIA criteria including clinical symptoms (Raynaud phenomenon, puffy fingers and myalgia) and biological features such as high positive immunofluorescent reactivity revealing the presence of anti RNP antibody at a level superior to 1/1000. The subsequent development figure of the disease emphasizes: persistence of polymyositis pattern revealed by higher limbs localized myalgia involving the thighs and symptoms of lupus including alopecia and glomerulonephritis remaining of the mixed characteristic comparable to the cases published in the literature. appearance of a bilateral bacillary pulmonary tuberculosis with a severe involvement of the right lung. The treatment composed by anti inflammatory and antituberculosis drugs lead to an early improvement of the clinical symptoms associated to a rapid cleaning of radiological manifestations. Sequelae were represented by cavities detected in the right lung and related to the pharmacological effects of corticosteroid drugs. PMID:11957293

Ndiaye, M; Hane, A A; Dieng, M T; Ndir, M; Ba, O; Cissokho, S; Kandji, M; Diatta, A; Niang, A; Ndiaye, B

1999-01-01

423

Diverticula of Kommerell and Aberrant Subclavian Arteries Complicated by Aneurysms  

SciTech Connect

This is a retrospective evaluation of the incidence of aberrant subclavian arteries (ASAs) and diverticula of Kommerell, as well as the occurrence and significance of associated aneurysms. Thoracic aortograms obtained during a 12.5-year period were reviewed, seeking the presence of aberrant right and left subclavian arteries (ARSAs/ALSAs), diverticula of Kommerell, and the incidence of associated aortic aneurysms. Several cases were evaluated with computed tomography concomitantly. Results were correlated with a literature review. Twenty-two ASAs were identified. Nineteen were on the right (ARSAs) and three were on the left (ALSAs). A diverticulum of Kommerell (DOK) was also present on the right in seven and on the left in three. Five of these patients had complicating aneurysms. Four of these were associated with ARSAs and their diverticula. Two were atherosclerotic; one was a limited dissection and one of uncertain etiology was ruptured. One additional aneurysm (atherosclerotic) involved an ALSA/DOK. The patient with the ruptured aneurysm died in surgery; three were managed conservatively because of concomitant disease; and one is being followed because of the small size (2.5 cm) of the aneurysm. ARSAs are relatively uncommon and ALSAs are rare. Both ARSA and ALSA are frequently associated with a DOK. Aneurysms rarely involve ASAs (with or without a DOK), but they are associated with a high mortality rate if they are not discovered before rupture. Early diagnosis plus surgical and/or endovascular management can be lifesaving.

Fisher, R. G., E-mail: rgfish@bcm.tmc.edu; Whigham, C. J.; Trinh, C. [Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Radiology-BCM 360 (United States)

2005-06-15

424

Treatment of severe acute pancreatitis and its complications  

PubMed Central

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), which is the most serious type of this disorder, is associated with high morbidity and mortality. SAP runs a biphasic course. During the first 1-2 wk, a pro-inflammatory response results in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). If the SIRS is severe, it can lead to early multisystem organ failure (MOF). After the first 1-2 wk, a transition from a pro-inflammatory response to an anti-inflammatory response occurs; during this transition, the patient is at risk for intestinal flora translocation and the development of secondary infection of the necrotic tissue, which can result in sepsis and late MOF. Many recommendations have been made regarding SAP management and its complications. However, despite the reduction in overall mortality in the last decade, SAP is still associated with high mortality. In the majority of cases, sterile necrosis should be managed conservatively, whereas in infected necrotizing pancreatitis, the infected non-vital solid tissue should be removed to control the sepsis. Intervention should be delayed for as long as possible to allow better demarcation and liquefaction of the necrosis. Currently, the step-up approach (delay, drain, and debride) may be considered as the reference standard intervention for this disorder. PMID:25320523

Zerem, Enver

2014-01-01

425

Total hip arthroplasty with acetabular fixation: an unexpected complication.  

PubMed

The incidence of vascular injuries associated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) is low. However, several vascular structures are at risk of injury within the pelvis. These include the external iliac, femoral, and obturator vessels. Both reaming of the acetabulum and drilling of the acetabular screw holes may place these structures at risk. If left untreated, injuries to these vessels may be associated with severe morbidity and mortality. In this report, an acute vascular complication that had an unusual presentation is highlighted. A 72-year-old woman presented to the emergency department following a road traffic accident in which she sustained a combined fracture of the right acetabulum and femoral head. Her treatment involved a combination of THA and pelvic open reduction and internal fixation. The immediate perioperative recovery period was uncomplicated. However, the patient developed a deep venous thrombus in her right calf 7 days after surgery. Further investigation revealed a second thrombus, occluding the right common femoral vein. Surgical exploration revealed that a screw placed during the initial surgery was pressing against the vessel and occluding it. The discrepancy in incidence between the development of deep venous thrombosis and vascular compression or injury means that the association between the 2 events is unlikely to be made. The author highlights this unusual presentation to improve early recognition and prompt management of similar cases. The importance of adequate preoperative planning and intraoperative imaging with a C-arm is also stressed. PMID:24762850

Khoriati, Al-Achraf

2014-04-01

426

[Prophylaxis and management of complications in penetrating keratoplasty].  

PubMed

Besides routine postoperative follow-up the prophylaxis of complications in penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) includes special preoperative and intraoperative aspects. Preoperative prophylaxis consists of the therapy of systemic diseases and eyelid abnormalities, determining individual optimal graft size, avoiding PKP in cases of uncontrolled intraocular pressure, avoiding PKP in cases of corneal hydrops, pretreatment of vascularized cornea, amniotic membrane transplantation before PKP in cases of ulcerative keratitis, quality controlled organ-cultured transplants and preoperative counselling by the surgeon to ensure patient compliance. Intraoperative prophylaxis consists of controlled arterial hypotension and complete relaxation during general anesthesia, avoidance of decentration, horizontal torsion and vertical tilt using a non-contact trephination technique (preferably excimer laser) with double-running cross-stitch sutures and application of Flieringa rings in aphakic vitrectomized eyes. Postoperatively, periodical control examinations using fluorescein and blue light are indispensable. All loose sutures have to be removed as early as possible. In cases of herpetic eye disease 2?×?400 mg of oral acyclovir should be administered for at least 1 year. In cases of therapy-resistant epithelial defects 100?% autologous serum eyedrops or amniotic membrane patches are valid options. Immune reactions must be diagnosed and treated immediately with high doses of corticosteroids. PMID:23765369

Seitz, B; El-Husseiny, M; Langenbucher, A; Szentmáry, N

2013-07-01

427

Imaging of Hidradenitis Suppurativa and Its Complications  

PubMed Central

We present a 56-year-old man with known diabetes mellitus and a 10-year history of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and highlight, through MR imaging findings, the relentless natural progression of the disease, characterized by recurrent exacerbations of abscesses and fistulae and complications of perianal fistulae and sacral osteomyelitis. We also demonstrate the appearance of this condition on PET-CT with F-18 FDG, which was performed for staging after postexcision tissue specimen revealed well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The association of arthritis and possible dactylitis was also manifested in our patient. Discussion of HS in the radiology literature is limited and, to our knowledge, there has been no case report describing these imaging findings in the same patient. PMID:25221681

2014-01-01

428

Cardiac risk assessment: decreasing postoperative complications.  

PubMed

Preoperative cardiac assessment helps identify patients undergoing noncardiac surgery who are at risk for significant postoperative cardiac complications and those who may benefit from additional preoperative evaluation and perioperative care. Advanced practice nurses can identify surgery- and patient-related risks by conducting a thorough health history and physical examination. Multiple risk indices and evidence-based guidelines are available to inform health care providers regarding patient evaluation and strategies to reduce postoperative cardiac risk. In general, preoperative tests are recommended only if the findings will influence medical therapy or perioperative monitoring or will require postponement of surgery until a cardiac condition can be corrected or stabilized. Medication management is a crucial component of the preoperative assessment; providers may need to initiate the use of beta-blockers and make decisions regarding continuing or withholding antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. Preoperative cardiac risk stratification, medication reconciliation, and device management are essential for providing safe care for patients. PMID:25645037

Thanavaro, Joanne L

2015-02-01

429

Vascular complications after pelvic rami fracture.  

PubMed

The case is presented of a 78 year-old patient who suffered a right ileo- and ischiopubic rami fracture after a casual fall. A few hours later, she presented with sudden abdominal pain and hypotension. Imaging test showed extraperitoneal hemorrhage with active bleeding and hemodynamic compromise. The progressive worsening, with anemia and hemodynamic instability, required her being sent to the reference hospital for selective embolization of the bleeding point. After embolization, the patient?s situation stabilized, and she was then able to sit down one week later. The fracture consolidated 3 months later. Although low-energy pelvic fractures by lateral compression do not usually present with complications, sometimes they require a strict control due to the potential risk of vascular injuries. PMID:25242728

Fernández-Lombardía, J; Paz-Aparicio, A; Hernández-Vaquero, D

430

Management of refractory and complicated reflux esophagitis.  

PubMed Central

Simple intermittent heartburn with minor or no esophagitis can be treated with simple measures including lifestyle changes and antacids as needed, or H2 receptor antagonists (H2RA), and has a good outcome. Problematic reflux includes resistance to therapy, stricture, Barrett's esophagus and aspiration. Severe reflux esophagitis, often resistant to H2RA therapy, requires more potent treatment with potent acid suppression using proton pump inhibitors, often indefinitely. When complicated by stricture, dilatations with potent acid suppression are needed. Barrett's esophagus is subject to esophagitis, which is no more difficult to treat than other cases of esophagitis. Reflux in Barrett's esophagus should be treated on its own merits without regard to the presence of Barrett's epithelium. Dysplasia leading to adenocarcinoma is a different problem, apparently not influenced by reduced exposure to acid. Indications for antireflux surgery are quite limited and should be carefully analyzed as a cost/risk/benefit problem. PMID:9165696

Hirschowitz, B. I.

1996-01-01

431

Gaucher disease: haematological presentations and complications.  

PubMed

Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease, caused by deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase, required for the degradation of glycosphingolipids. Clinical manifestations include hepatosplenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, bone disease and a bleeding diathesis, frequently resulting in presentation to haematologists. Historically managed by splenectomy, transfusions and orthopaedic surgery, the development of specific therapy in the form of intravenous enzyme replacement therapy in the 1990s has resulted in dramatic improvements in haematological and visceral disease. Recognition of complications, including multiple myeloma and Parkinson disease, has challenged the traditional macrophage-centric view of the pathophysiology of this disorder. The pathways by which enzyme deficiency results in the clinical manifestations of this disorder are poorly understood; altered inflammatory cytokine profiles, bioactive sphingolipid derivatives and alterations in the bone marrow microenvironment have been implicated. Further elucidating these pathways will serve to advance our understanding not only of GD, but of associated disorders. PMID:24588457

Thomas, Alison S; Mehta, Atul; Hughes, Derralynn A

2014-05-01

432

Does antiviral therapy reduce complications of cirrhosis?  

PubMed Central

Chronic hepatitis B infection is associated with the development of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and finally liver-related mortality. Each year, approximately, 2%-5% of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related compensated cirrhosis develop decompensation, with additional clinical manifestations, such as ascites, jaundice, hepatic encephalopathy, and gastrointestinal bleeding. The outcome of decompensated HBV-related cirrhosis is poor, with a 5-year survival of 14%-35% compared to 84% in patients with compensated cirrhosis. Because the risk of disease progression is closely linked to a patient’s serum HBV DNA level, antiviral therapy may suppress viral replication, stabilize liver function and improve survival. This article briefly reviews the role that antiviral therapy plays in cirrhosis complications, particularly, in decompensation and acute-on-chronic liver failure. PMID:24966601

Chung, Goh Eun; Lee, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Yoon Jun

2014-01-01

433

[Cardiopulmonary complications in sickle cell anemia].  

PubMed

Sickle cell anemia, considered the most prevalent genetic disease among African Americans, is a disease with autosomal recessive inheritance pattern, characterized by the production of hemoglobin S. This abnormal protein polymerizes and facilitates the formation of fibrillar aggregates that alters the erythrocyte morphology. The stiffness of the red blood cells hinders the adequate transit across microcirculation, leading to hemolysis and increased blood viscosity, which ease thrombogenesis and vascular occlusion, resulting in tissue ischemia and microinfarcts. This disease has a high rate of morbidity and mortality, especially in the first three years of life, when a rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential. Cardiovascular complications such as heart failure and pulmonary hypertension may develop independently, and each one contributes to increased mortality, being the combination of both risk factors, an important aggravating factor for prognosis and a determinant indicator of mortality. PMID:24215682

Rojas-Jiménez, Sara; Lopera-Valle, Johan; Yabur-Espítia, Mirna

2013-01-01

434

Placental Hofbauer cells and complications of pregnancy.  

PubMed

Hofbauer cells (HBCs) are placental macrophages that are present in the villus across gestation. Despite their identification more than 100 years ago, their specific role in placental function remains largely unelucidated. We initially review aspects of their history and biology as well as evidence for putative sites of origin. To gain insight into their potential function, we then describe complications of pregnancy including villitis of unknown etiology (VUE) and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA), in which alterations in numbers, gene expression, or other characteristics of HBCs have been documented to occur. We further review methods for isolation of HBCs and in vitro studies that explore their role in relation to other major cell types in the placenta and examine their actions in cytokine-mediated inflammation. We conclude that HBCs play a key role in placental pathophysiology, and future advances in their isolation and culture would enable mechanistic insight into their villus function. PMID:21401637

Tang, Zhonghua; Abrahams, Vikki M; Mor, Gil; Guller, Seth

2011-03-01

435

Placental Hofbauer cells and complications of pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Hofbauer cells (HBCs) are placental macrophages that are present in the villus across gestation. Despite their identification more than 100 years ago, their specific role in placental function remains largely unelucidated. We initially review aspects of their history and biology as well as evidence for putative sites of origin. To gain insight into their potential function, we then describe complications of pregnancy including villitis of unknown etiology (VUE) and histological chorioamnionitis (HCA), in which alterations in numbers, gene expression, or other characteristics of HBCs have been documented to occur. We further review methods for isolation of HBCs and in vitro studies that explore their role in relation to other major cell types in the placenta and examine their actions in cytokine-mediated inflammation. We conclude that HBCs play a key role in placental pathophysiology, and future advances in their isolation and culture would enable mechanistic insight into their villus function. PMID:21401637

Tang, Zhonghua; Abrahams, Vikki M.; Mor, Gil; Guller, Seth

2013-01-01

436

Immunological complications of soft contact lenses.  

PubMed

Immunologic reactions may be the basis of some complications associated with the use of soft contact lenses. In the case of giant papillary conjunctivitis, the antigen causing the problem is not known but is presumed to be protein adherent to the lenses. Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis and dendritic corneal lesions related to soft contact lenses are associated with thimerosal, but occlusive patch tests do not demonstrate consistent delayed hypersensitivity responses to this preservative in these patients, suggesting that a toxic response may be involved. The association of corneal infiltrates and conjunctival hyperemia with delayed hypersensitivity to thimerosal probably represents the strongest immunologic association to date. These patients consistently show delayed hypersensitivity reactions to thimerosal in occlusive patch tests and intradermal tests. PMID:3316352

Mondino, B J; Brawman-Mintzer, O; Boothe, W A

1987-10-01

437

Steroids: Pharmacology, Complications, and Practice Delivery Issues  

PubMed Central

Background Since their identification nearly 80 years ago, steroids have played a prominent role in the treatment of many disease states. Many of the clinical roles of steroids are related to their potent antiinflammatory and immune-modulating properties. Methods This review summarizes the basic pharmacology, complications, and practice delivery issues regarding steroids. Results Clinically relevant side effects of steroids are common and problematic. Side effects can occur at a wide range of doses and vary depending on the route of administration. The full spectrum of side effects can be present even in patients taking low doses. Conclusions Practitioners must be aware that these drugs might exacerbate a preexisting condition or present a new medical condition. Knowledge of the clinical implications of prescribing these agents is critical. PMID:24940130

Ericson-Neilsen, William; Kaye, Alan David

2014-01-01

438

Pancreatitis in scrub typhus: a rare complication.  

PubMed

Scrub typhus is a zoonosis transmitted by a trombiculid mite which introduces bacteria of Orientia tsutsugamushi by its bite. The acute febrile illness is characterised by eschar at the site of the bite with maculopapular rashes and local and/or generalised lymphadenopathy. The disease is endemic in the tsutsugamushi triangle. Sikkim, a small Himalayan north-eastern state, is also not unaffected where outbreaks of the disease have been reported. The clinical spectrum of the disease ranges from mild to fatal depending on the virulence of the bacterial strain, susceptibility of the host and promptness of the treatment. In severe cases, there can be multiple organ involvement. Pancreatitis is a serious and unusual complication of this disease, which was seen in our presentation. A 22-year-old man, diagnosed to have scrub typhus, developed pancreatitis in the second week of the illness and responded well to medical treatment. PMID:24692372

Dhakal, Mona; Dhakal, Om Prakash; Bhandari, Dhurba

2014-01-01

439

Pulmonary Vascular Complications of Liver Disease  

PubMed Central

Hepatopulmonary syndrome and portopulmonary hypertension are two pulmonary vascular complications of liver disease. The pathophysiology underlying each disorder is distinct, but patients with either condition may be limited by dyspnea. A careful evaluation of concomitant symptoms, the physical examination, pulmonary function testing and arterial blood gas analysis, and echocardiographic, imaging, and hemodynamic studies is crucial to establishing (and distinguishing) these diagnoses. Our understanding of the pathobiology, natural history, and treatment of these disorders has advanced considerably over the past decade; however, the presence of either still increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with underlying liver disease. There is no effective medical treatment for hepatopulmonary syndrome. Although liver transplantation can resolve hepatopulmonary syndrome, there appears to be worse survival even with transplantation. Liver transplantation poses a very high risk of death in those with significant portopulmonary hypertension, where targeted medical therapies may improve functional status and allow successful transplantation in a small number of select patients. PMID:23155142

Fritz, Jason S.; Fallon, Michael B.

2013-01-01

440

Pulmonary complications of abdominal wall defects.  

PubMed

The abdominal wall is an integral component of the chest wall. Defects in the ventral abdominal wall alter respiratory mechanics and can impair diaphragm function. Congenital abdominal wall defects also are associated with abnormalities in lung growth and development that lead to pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension, and alterations in thoracic cage formation. Although infants with ventral abdominal wall defects can experience life-threatening pulmonary complications, older children typically experience a more benign respiratory course. Studies of lung and chest wall function in older children and adolescents with congenital abdominal wall defects are few; such investigations could provide strategies for improved respiratory performance, avoidance of respiratory morbidity, and enhanced exercise ability for these children. PMID:25458796

Panitch, Howard B

2015-01-01