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1

Architecture Earth-Sheltered Buildings. Design Manual 1.4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Design guidance is presented for use by experienced engineers and architects. The types of buildings within the scope of this manual include slab-on-grade, partially-buried (bermed) or fully-buried, and large (single-story or multistory) structures. New c...

1984-01-01

2

Thermal behaviour of an earth-sheltered autonomous building – The Brighton Earthship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The benefits of reducing the thermal effect of global warming and structural damage by severe storms have renewed interest and drives to heavyweight constructions. One type of heavyweight construction using earth-sheltered construction known as an ‘Earthship’ has been developed and pioneered by US architect Michael Reynolds and recently introduced to the UK. The ‘Earthship’ takes on the concept of an

Kenneth Ip; Andrew Miller

2009-01-01

3

Cooling season performance of an earth-sheltered office\\/dormitory building in Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed hourly measurements taken in and around an underground office-dormitory building for two summers document energy savings; whole building-component interface problems; and specific cooling contributions from earth contact, interior thermal mass, and an economizer. The Joint Institute Dormitory (JID) saves about 30% compared with well-built above-grade buildings in a climate typical of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and has the potential to

Christian

1984-01-01

4

Radon in earth-sheltered structures  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Radon concentration in the indoor air of six residential and three non-residential earth-sheltered buildings in eastern Colorado was monitored quarterly over a nine-month period using passive, integrating detectors. Average radon concentrations during the three-month sampling periods ranged from about 1 to 9 pCi/L, although one building, a poorly ventilated storage bunker, had concentrations as high as 39 pCi/L. These radon concentrations are somewhat greater than those typically reported for conventional buildings (around 1 pCi/L); but they are of the same order of magnitude as radon concentrations reported for energy-efficient buildings which are not earth-sheltered. ?? 1984.

Landa, E. R.

1984-01-01

5

Earth Shelter Buildings Coupled with the Sun: Opportunities and Constraints in Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new Civil/Mineral Engineering Building on the University of Minnesota Minneapolis campus is a demonstration design in energy conservation and innovation in active and passive solar energy applications. Its antecedents at the university represent contributory steps in the identification of issues and the development of design principles. (MLW)

Bennett, David J.

1982-01-01

6

Earth Shelter Buildings Coupled with the Sun: Opportunities and Constraints in Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The new Civil/Mineral Engineering Building on the University of Minnesota Minneapolis campus is a demonstration design in energy conservation and innovation in active and passive solar energy applications. Its antecedents at the university represent contributory steps in the identification of issues and the development of design principles. (MLW)|

Bennett, David J.

1982-01-01

7

Computer simulation of heat transfer from earth sheltered structures: A comparison of varying levels of earth sheltering in five different climates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer predictions of the HVAC energy consumption for single story office buildings with varying levels of earth-sheltering indicate that significant energy savings are possible with fully-bermed and bermed-and-covered configurations. As shown by the computer analysis, increased earth-sheltering reduced uncontrolled infiltration; improved the thermal performance of the walls, roof, and floor; and located the windows for more favorable passive solar gain.

Meixel

1980-01-01

8

View of EPA Farm cattle shelters (Building 1506 in background), ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of EPA Farm cattle shelters (Building 15-06 in background), facing southeast - Nevada Test Site, Environmental Protection Agency Farm, Shelter Unit Type, Area 15, Yucca Flat, 10-2 Road near Circle Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

9

Hazard Mitigation Potential of Earth-Sheltered Residences.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains a review of the literature on Earth-Sheltered Housing (ESH), an analysis of the protection potential against natural and technological hazards, cost comparison with conventional construction, an example design, and a discussion of ins...

C. V. Chester H. B. Shapira G. A. Cristy M. Schweitzer S. A. Carnes

1983-01-01

10

31. Threequarter view of front of building 161, fallout shelter ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. Three-quarter view of front of building 161, fallout shelter taken from top of water storage mound, looking northwest - Nike Missile Battery MS-40, County Road No. 260, Farmington, Dakota County, MN

11

Earth sheltering runs deeper than energy conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy conservation and reduced visual impact are the most commonly extalled virtues of underground buildings. But the decision of whether to build above or below the ground also includes such considerations as cost impact, end use, climatic environment, foundation conditions, and the nature of the surrounding area. The advantages and disadvantages of below-ground construction are discussed.

Melnick

1984-01-01

12

Monitoring the Thermal Performance of an Insulated Earth-sheltered Structure: A Hot-arid Zone Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earth-sheltered structure built in the arid Negev Highlands of southern Israel was monitored during several seasonal periods in order to analyse its thermal behaviour and to determine the appropriateness of this type of building for the Negev and climatically similar regions. Temperatures were measured at various points within the building, which consists of two connected concrete shell domes totalling

David Pearlmutter; Evyatar Erell; Yair Etzion

1993-01-01

13

Sheltering in buildings from large-scale outdoor releases  

SciTech Connect

Intentional or accidental large-scale airborne toxic release (e.g. terrorist attacks or industrial accidents) can cause severe harm to nearby communities. Under these circumstances, taking shelter in buildings can be an effective emergency response strategy. Some examples where shelter-in-place was successful at preventing injuries and casualties have been documented [1, 2]. As public education and preparedness are vital to ensure the success of an emergency response, many agencies have prepared documents advising the public on what to do during and after sheltering [3, 4, 5]. In this document, we will focus on the role buildings play in providing protection to occupants. The conclusions to this article are: (1) Under most circumstances, shelter-in-place is an effective response against large-scale outdoor releases. This is particularly true for release of short duration (a few hours or less) and chemicals that exhibit non-linear dose-response characteristics. (2) The building envelope not only restricts the outdoor-indoor air exchange, but can also filter some biological or even chemical agents. Once indoors, the toxic materials can deposit or sorb onto indoor surfaces. All these processes contribute to the effectiveness of shelter-in-place. (3) Tightening of building envelope and improved filtration can enhance the protection offered by buildings. Common mechanical ventilation system present in most commercial buildings, however, should be turned off and dampers closed when sheltering from an outdoor release. (4) After the passing of the outdoor plume, some residuals will remain indoors. It is therefore important to terminate shelter-in-place to minimize exposure to the toxic materials.

Chan, W.R.; Price, P.N.; Gadgil, A.J.

2004-06-01

14

A MODEL BUILDING CODE ARTICLE ON FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INCLUSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR FALLOUT SHELTER CONSTRUCTION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A MODEL BUILDING CODE FOR FALLOUT SHELTERS WAS DRAWN UP FOR INCLUSION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES. DISCUSSION IS GIVEN OF FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RESPECT TO--(1) NUCLEAR RADIATION, (2) NATIONAL POLICIES, AND (3) COMMUNITY PLANNING. FALLOUT SHELTER REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIELDING, SPACE, VENTILATION, CONSTRUCTION, AND SERVICES SUCH AS…

American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC.

15

Vulnerability Assessment of Selected Buildings Designated as Shelters: Dominica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational facilities in the Caribbean often serve roles as shelters during natural hazards, but they often sustain as much damage as other buildings. This study investigated the physical vulnerability of schools located on Dominica to wind forces, torrential rain, and seismic forces in order to provide relevant local agencies with some of the…

Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC.

16

Vulnerability Assessment of Selected Buildings Designated as Shelters: Grenada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational facilities in the Caribbean often serve as shelters during natural hazards, but they often sustain as much damage as other buildings. This study investigated the physical vulnerability of schools, located in Grenada, to wind forces, torrential rain, and seismic forces in order to provide relevant local agencies with some of the input…

Gibbs, Tony

17

Vulnerability Assessment of Selected Buildings Designated as Shelters: Anguilla.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational facilities in the Caribbean often serve roles as shelters during natural hazards, but they often sustain as much damage as other buildings. This study investigated the physical vulnerability of schools located on Anguilla to wind forces, torrential rain, and seismic forces in order to provide relevant local agencies with some of the…

Gibbs, Tony

18

Earth-Sheltered Industrial Utility Park. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The potential to develop the Cumberland (Wisconsin) industrial park site using earth-integrated techniques is discussed. The concept feasibility study concerned the site, the land-use plan, and building types. An assessment of energy use in the Cumberland...

1981-01-01

19

Earth-sheltered housing: an evaluation of energy-conservation potential  

SciTech Connect

The Innovative Structures Program (ISP) began an evaluation of the energy conservation potential of earth-sheltered houses in late 1979. Since that time, several projects have been undertaken as part of this evaluation. The findings of these projects, plus a discussion of the work of others in the field, form the body of this report. Although a comprehensive evaluation of earth-sheltered housing has not been completed, this report presents a compendium of knowledge on the subject. The conclusions are more qualitative than quantitative in nature because of the limited information on which to base projections. The major conclusions to date are as follows: Earth-sheltered houses are capable of very good energy performance. Earth-sheltered houses, as a passive means to conserve energy, perform significantly better in some climatic regins than in others. Earth-sheltered houses are not the optimum passive concept in several major housing growth regions of the country. Earth-sheltered houses, including their land and site improvements, will cost an estimated 10 to 35% more than comparable aboveground houses, and this additional cost may not be justified on a life cycle cost basis, given 1981 market conditions. The use of earth sheltering will probably grow in some parts of the country; however, broad-scale national or regional utilization is not likely to occur in the next 20 to 30 years.

Wendt, R.L.

1982-04-01

20

Construction details of an earth-sheltered passive solar thermosiphon air house  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construction details are presented for Sunrise, a passive solar, earth-sheltered house in eastern West Virginia. Particular attention is paid to the thermosiphon air system, as well as structural, waterproofing and insulation details.

R. B. Ashelman; G. C. Hagen

1980-01-01

21

Earth-sheltered compromise home saves on heating, cooling costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building a home into the side of a hill to take advantage of the earth's temperature-neutralizing qualities and facing it to the south will reduce heating and cooling costs. A home in North Dakota based on these principles has never had two unheated rooms freeze and needs no air conditioning. Mutli-zoned thermostats are located in the south-facing rooms. Other features

Frankhauser

1985-01-01

22

65. BUILDING 7223, BARRACKS (FORMER ANIMAL SHELTER). (Plan P702988, 24' ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

65. BUILDING 7223, BARRACKS (FORMER ANIMAL SHELTER). (Plan P-702-988, 24' x 320', completed May 25, 1932, modified January 15, 1941). Fort McCoy photograph #A-6, undated. - Fort McCoy, Sparta, Monroe County, WI

23

Quantity-Distance Requirements for Earth-Bermed Aircraft Shelters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The subject work has been performed under Phase I of an SBIR (small business innovative research) program sponsored by Tyndall AFB. The effort concentrated on development of methods to quantify debris hazards from accidental explosions inside earth-bermed...

M. G. Whitney K. H. Spivey

1993-01-01

24

The Immature Stages and Shelter Building Behavior of Falgo Jeconia Ombra Evans, 1955 in eastern Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae)  

PubMed Central

We describe the immature stages and shelter building behavior of Falga jeconia ombra Evans, 1955 from eastern Ecuador. Chusquea scandens (Poaceae, Bambusoidea) is the larval food plant. Larvae in all stadia build shelters and forcibly eject frass with the aid of an anal comb. Later instars possess an eversible prothoracic “neck” gland. Larvae are associated with moving water.

Greeney, Harold F.; Warren, Andrew D.

2009-01-01

25

The Need for Shelter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, the students will build a shelter in order to protect themselves from the rain. After the shelters are built, the class will perform durability and water proof testing on the shelters.

Adventure Engineering

26

Vulnerability Assessment of Selected Buildings Designated as Shelters: St. Kitts--Nevis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational facilities in the Caribbean often serve roles as shelters during natural hazards, but they often sustain as much damage as other buildings. This study investigated the physical vulnerability of schools located on St. Kitts and Nevis to wind forces, torrential rain, and seismic forces in order to provide relevant local agencies with…

Gibbs, Tony

27

Vulnerability Assessment of Selected Buildings Designated as Shelters: Antigua and Barbuda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational facilities in the Caribbean often serve roles as shelters during natural hazards, but they often sustain as much damage as other buildings. This study investigated the physical vulnerability of schools located on Antigua and Barbuda to wind forces, torrential rain, and seismic forces in order to provide relevant local agencies with…

Gibbs, Tony

28

Cost and code study of underground buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various regulatory and financial implications for earth-sheltered houses and buildings are discussed. Earth-sheltered houses are covered in the most detail including discussions of building-code restrictions, HUD Minimum Property Standards, legal aspects, zoning restrictions, taxation, insurance, and home financing. Examples of the initial-cost elements in earth-sheltered houses together with projected life-cycle costs are given and compared to more-conventional energy-conserving houses. For

1981-01-01

29

Earth sheltered bee wintering and solar honey house. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The construction and operation of an indoor wintering facility and a passive solar honey house are discussed. Goals for the project included both energy savings and financial savings for the beekeeping industry. The underground winter shelter provided a control temperature of approximately 46/sup 0/F in order to decrease both mortality rates and honey consumption rates of the bees. Three hundred square feet of glazing combined with wall insulation maintained comfortable work space temperatures for the ground level storage of honey. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

30

Cost and code study of underground buildings  

SciTech Connect

Various regulatory and financial implications for earth-sheltered houses and buildings are discussed. Earth-sheltered houses are covered in the most detail including discussions of building-code restrictions, HUD Minimum Property Standards, legal aspects, zoning restrictions, taxation, insurance, and home financing. Examples of the initial-cost elements in earth-sheltered houses together with projected life-cycle costs are given and compared to more-conventional energy-conserving houses. For larger-scale underground buildings, further information is given on building code, fire protection, and insurance provisions. Initial-cost information for five large underground buildings is presented together with energy-use information where available.

Sterling, R.L.

1981-01-01

31

Building the GEM Faulted Earth database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The GEM Faulted Earth project is aiming to build a global active fault and seismic source database with a common set of strategies, standards, and formats, to be placed in the public domain. Faulted Earth is one of five hazard global components of the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) project. A key early phase of the GEM Faulted Earth project is to build a database which is flexible enough to capture existing and variable (e.g., from slow interplate faults to fast subduction interfaces) global data, and yet is not too onerous to enter new data from areas where existing databases are not available. The purpose of this talk is to give an update on progress building the GEM Faulted Earth database. The database design conceptually has two layers, (1) active faults and folds, and (2) fault sources, and automated processes are being defined to generate fault sources. These include the calculation of moment magnitude using a user-selected magnitude-length or magnitude-area scaling relation, and the calculation of recurrence interval from displacement divided by slip rate, where displacement is calculated from moment and moment magnitude. The fault-based earthquake sources defined by the Faulted Earth project will then be rationalised with those defined by the other GEM global components. A web based tool is being developed for entering individual faults and folds, and fault sources, and includes capture of additional information collected at individual sites, as well as descriptions of the data sources. GIS shapefiles of individual faults and folds, and fault sources will also be able to be uploaded. A data dictionary explaining the database design rationale, definitions of the attributes and formats, and a tool user guide is also being developed. Existing national databases will be uploaded outside of the fault compilation tool, through a process of mapping common attributes between the databases. Regional workshops are planned for compilation in areas where existing databases are not available, or require further population, and will include training on using the fault compilation tool. The tool is also envisaged as an important legacy of the GEM Faulted Earth project, to be available for use beyond the end of the 2 year project.

Litchfield, N. J.; Berryman, K. R.; Christophersen, A.; Thomas, R. F.; Wyss, B.; Tarter, J.; Pagani, M.; Stein, R. S.; Costa, C. H.; Sieh, K. E.

2011-12-01

32

Galilean Satellites as Sites for Incipient Life, and the Earth as its Shelter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous problems connected with an assumption of the life origin on the\\u000aEarth do not arise on Galilean satellites. Here, in presence of a practically\\u000anon-salt water and of a great deal (~5-10%) of abiogenic organics, a great\\u000adiversity of conditions, which are unthinkable for the Earth, were realized\\u000amore than once. They were caused by global electrochemical processes in

E. M. Drobyshevski

2003-01-01

33

A toolkit for building earth system models  

SciTech Connect

An earth system model is a computer code designed to simulate the interrelated processes that determine the earth`s weather and climate, such as atmospheric circulation, atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, oceanic circulation, and biosphere. I propose a toolkit that would support a modular, or object-oriented, approach to the implementation of such models.

Foster, I.

1993-03-01

34

Your guide to good shelter: how to plan, build, or convert for energy conservation. [including glossary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors claim to have used an astonishing 46 percent less energy than other comparable homes in their area when building their own energy-efficient home. Filled with proven inflation-fighting energy-saving tips and techniques, this book shows how to conserve energy and save money. Emphasizing conservation and practicality, this book guides the process of planning and building your own home or

C. Waschek; B. Waschek

1978-01-01

35

A toolkit for building earth system models  

SciTech Connect

An earth system model is a computer code designed to simulate the interrelated processes that determine the earth's weather and climate, such as atmospheric circulation, atmospheric physics, atmospheric chemistry, oceanic circulation, and biosphere. I propose a toolkit that would support a modular, or object-oriented, approach to the implementation of such models.

Foster, I.

1993-03-01

36

Validated Model and Study of a Rammed Earth Wall Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 2100 m2 (GFA) two-storey rammed earth building was built on the Thurgoona campus of Charles Sturt University in 1999. The building is novel both in the use of materials and equipment for heating and cooling. The climate at Wodonga can be characterised as hot and dry, so the challenge of providing comfortable working conditions with minimal energy consumption is

P. Taylorab; R. J. Fuller; M. B. Luther

37

Space Shelter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are given the following challenge: "The invasion has taken place and we need to find a new home. To ensure your survival beyond Earthâs occupation you must design a shelter that can be built on another planet." Then students research the characteristics of a planet of their choice. They design shelter that would allow them to survive on a new planet, and explain it in words.

Center For Engineering Educational Outreach

38

The selection of soils for unstabilised earth building: A normative review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earth building techniques make use of unbaked earth as a material for constructing walls. We consider that evaluation of soils is a primary question because not all soils are adequate for earth building, and not for any of the earth building techniques. Following a selection of more than 20 technical documents including standards from National Standards Bodies, we analysed the

M. Carmen Jiménez Delgado; Ignacio Cañas Guerrero

2007-01-01

39

Design and Construction Guidance for Community Shelters. FEMA 361.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual presents guidance to engineers, architects, building officials, and prospective shelter owners concerning the design and construction of community shelters that will provide protection during tornado and hurricane events. The manual covers two types of community shelters: stand-alone shelters designed to withstand high winds and the…

Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.

40

Earth Sciences' Capacity Building In Developing Countries through International Programmes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the framework of "traditional" programmes, like the joint UNESCO-IUGS "International Geoscience Programme" (IGCP), the "International Continental Scientific Drilling Program" (ICDP), the "Integrated Ocean Drilling Program" (IODP) or the "International Lithosphere Programme" (ILP) numerous opportunities are provided to strengthen postgraduate geo-scientific education of representatives from developing countries. Recently established new initiatives, such as the "International Year of Planet Earth" (IYPE) or UNESCO's Global Network of Geoparks complement these in addition as important components to UNESCO's 'Education for All' programme, notably the youth, as well as to the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005 - 2014). The "International Year of Planet Earth" is a joint initiative of the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and UNESCO. The central aims and ambitions of the Year, proclaimed for 2008 by the UN General Assembly, are to demonstrate the great potential of the Earth sciences in building a safer, healthier and wealthier society, and to encourage more widespread and effective application of this potential by targeting politicians and other decision-makers, educational systems, and the general public. Promotion of international collaboration, as well as capacity building and training of students of developing countries in all fields of Earth Sciences seem to be the most appropriate way to meet also the challenges of the IYPE. Another opportunity to improve the international recognition of Earth Scinces, also in developing countries, is the use of Geoparks as a promotional tool for education and popularization of Earth Sciences. Geoparks, notably those included in the European and/or Global Geoparks Networks, provide an international platform of cooperation and exchange between experts and practitioners in geological heritage matters, and are as such excellent instruments in highlighting Earth sciences. The general goal of Geoparks to integrate the preservation of geological heritage into a strategy for regional sustainable socio-economic and cultural development serves ideally the overall objective of the "International Year of Planet Earth" with its subtitle "Earth Sciences for Society". International geo-related cooperation projects, run under the umbrella of international NGOs (like IUGS, IUGG, IGU, IUSS and others) are often supported financially by international and national funding agencies. Out of the broad international spectrum, some German projects devoted to developing countries - summer schools, training and capacity building courses in Earth Sciences, funded by the DFG (German Research Foundation), DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service), InWent (Capacity Building International, Germany) and others - are selected as examples in improving the geo-research capacity and education of developing countries.

Eder, W.

2007-12-01

41

Lee Shelter  

Microsoft Academic Search

PERHAPS it is worth noting that a lee shelter is almost as effectual as a screen to the windward. The fact may be quite well known and understood; but I did not become aware of it till I was on Bognor Pier, when a strong gale was blowing directly on the broadside. There are seats backed and covered overhead and

C. M. Ingleby

1871-01-01

42

FORTRAN M as a language for building earth system models  

SciTech Connect

FORTRAN M is a small set of extensions to FORTRAN 77 that supports a modular or object-oriented approach to the development of parallel programs. In this paper, I discuss the use of FORTRAN M as a tool for building earth system models on massively parallel computers. I hypothesize that the use of FORTRAN M has software engineering advantages and outline experiments that we are conducting to investigate this hypothesis.

Foster, I.

1992-01-01

43

FORTRAN M as a language for building earth system models  

SciTech Connect

FORTRAN M is a small set of extensions to FORTRAN 77 that supports a modular or object-oriented approach to the development of parallel programs. In this paper, I discuss the use of FORTRAN M as a tool for building earth system models on massively parallel computers. I hypothesize that the use of FORTRAN M has software engineering advantages and outline experiments that we are conducting to investigate this hypothesis.

Foster, I.

1992-12-31

44

NORTHERLY VIEW OF THE SHELTER HOUSE LOCATED ON THE EAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

NORTHERLY VIEW OF THE SHELTER HOUSE LOCATED ON THE EAST END OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE BUILDING - Big Dalton Dam, Shelter House, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

45

Building a Roadmap for European Solid Earth Sciences Infrastructure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Building a Roadmap for European Solid Earth Sciences Infrastructure John Ludden (BGS-NERC, Nottingham, UK), Domenico Giardini (ETH, Zurich, Switzerland), Massimo Cocco (INGV, Rome, Italy), Michel Diament (INSU, Paris, France); Jorn Lauterjung (GFZ, Potsdam, Germany) Europe is about to launch a new phase of funding in its Horizon 2020 programme. At the same time in FP7 the EC created a number of infrastructure projects of which the most influential in the solid Earth sector is the European Plate Observing System (EPOS). EPOS thus has a strategic role in driving infrastructure development in Europe. A reflection must be undertaken on how inclusive and representative this role is and how EPOS can complement other infrastructure initiatives. We propose a series of meetings with the key players in solid Earth infrastructure across Europe to develop a 10 year road map for the development of Earth sciences infrastructure. The key components of such a road map must include: In concert with ESA and other partners, satellite observation and the development of earth observing capabilities such as potential field, SAR etc.; With the Integrated Ocean Discovery Program (IODP 2013-2023), the International Continental Drilling program (ICDP) and other European scientific drilling infrastructure, identify added value in working as a European entity; With Eurogeosurveys develop links and compliance between data bases and work towards closer relationships between Earth science infrastructure in institutes and surveys; Consider how EPOS observatories can be better integrated and complementary to other Earth system observatories of the sea-floor, terrestrial critical zone and atmosphere; Define laboratory and training needs in infrastructure which supersede individual national objectives such as in geochronology, accelerator mass spectrometry, physical properties and large-scale field observatories in applied and fundamental earth sciences. EPOS will play a key strategic role in this process and will open a full dialogue using ICT tools and geosciences organisations and institutions throughout Europe. This paper will ask the question of the community how best to proceed, and what are the critical timelines for this roadmap.

Ludden, J.; Giardini, D.; Cocco, M.; Diament, M.; Lauterjung, J.

2012-04-01

46

Cost Estimates for Providing Biological Agent Protection to Fallout Shelters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is estimated that biological agent protection can be provided in existing buildings to shelter the occupants who have not been infected nor contaminated for a cost per person of: Below-ground shelters, ventilated --$0.60, Below-ground shelters, unventi...

J. B. Petty W. L. Brooks

1964-01-01

47

Building a knowledge system for the Earth system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF advisory committee for the geosciences issues a forward-looking report intended to "fostering a sustainable future through a better understanding of our complex and changing planet."(GEO Vision) The report issues a call to action to develop a framework to understand and predict responses of the Earth as a system. As a backdrop to this bold call to action, NSF announced Cyberinfrastructure for the 21st century (CIF21), which is an important new research thrust for NSF for FY 2012. The Office of Cyberinfrastructure (OCI) will lead CIF21. In an effort to make significant advances within the context of CIF21 and the GEO Vision call to action, the Office of Cyberinfrastructure and the Geosciences Directorate launched Earth Cube. The goal of this endeavor is to transform the conduct of research in geosciences by supporting community created cyberinfrastructure that integrates knowledge management across the Geosciences. Implicit in the nexus of CIF21 and Earth Cube is cyberinfrastructure and the concomitant characteristics that are associated with infrastructure: how to build it; how to sustain it; how to make it extendable; how to manage it; and how to maintain it for long periods of time. To create Earth Cube, NSF embarked on a process to focus the best ideas and foster partnerships among a number of activities within geosciences and across other fields of science. This process had at its center the use of two linked events: a charrette and an IdeasLab. The charrette took place in early November 2011 for the purpose offering a forum for the community to identify the best ideas through real-time review and to modify those ideas to remove their weaknesses and enhance their strengths. As a result of this process, NSF made several awards very soon after the charrette. The multiple award approach was necessary since it is difficult to identify the best solution to a complex problem early in the process. These awards allow additional development of the conceptual approaches and these further developed ideas will be brought together in Ideaslab for a further round of realtime review and modification with the intention of funding prototype development of some of the modified ideas resulting from the charrette. Presented is a report on the goals and outcomes of the Earth Cube process and plans for the future.

Jacobs, C. A.; Zanzerkia, E. E.

2011-12-01

48

Space Shelter. Grades 3-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a hypothetical situation that aliens have invaded Earth and humans must relocate to another planet, students design a shelter that can be built on another planet to insure their survival. Students research the characteristics of a planet of their choice and consider how to get to that planet from Earth, determine which five items that…

Rushton, Erik; Ryan, Emily; Swift, Charles

49

SPERTI Reactor Pit Building (PER605). Earth shielding protect adjacent Instrument ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SPERT-I Reactor Pit Building (PER-605). Earth shielding protect adjacent Instrument Cell (PER-606). Security fencing surrounds complex, to which gate entry is provided next to Guard House (PER-607). Note gravel road leading to control area. Earth-covered conduit leads from instrument cell to terminal building out of view. Photographer: R.G. Larsen. Date: June 22, 1955. INEEL negative no. 55-1701 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, SPERT-I & Power Burst Facility Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

50

Creative Building Design for Innovative Earth Science Teaching and Outreach (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earth Science departments can blend the physical ``bricks and mortar'' facility with programs and educational displays to create a facility that is a permanent outreach tool and a welcoming home for teaching and research. The new Frederick Albert Sutton building at the University of Utah is one of the first LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified Earth Science

M. A. Chan

2009-01-01

51

Designing Shelter in New Buildings. A Manual for Architects on the Preliminary Designing of Shielding from Fallout Gamma Radiation in Normally Functioning Spaces in New Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of radiation fallout prevention factors in new construction is presented with emphasis on architectural shielding principles. Numerous diagrams and charts illustrate--(1) radiation and fallout properties, (2) building protection principles, (3) details and planning suggestions, and (4) tabular data interpretation. A series of charts is…

Knott, Albert

52

Designing Shelter in New Buildings. A Manual for Architects on the Preliminary Designing of Shielding from Fallout Gamma Radiation in Normally Functioning Spaces in New Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of radiation fallout prevention factors in new construction is presented with emphasis on architectural shielding principles. Numerous diagrams and charts illustrate--(1) radiation and fallout properties, (2) building protection principles, (3) details and planning suggestions, and (4) tabular data interpretation. A series of charts is…

Knott, Albert

53

4. PERSPECTIVE VIEW TO THE NORTHEAST OF THE CREW SHELTER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. PERSPECTIVE VIEW TO THE NORTHEAST OF THE CREW SHELTER IN AR-8. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base, Rammed Earth Aircraft Dispersal Revetments, Western Shore of Rogers Dry Lake, Boron, Kern County, CA

54

15. SOUTHEAST AND NORTHEAST WALLS OF CREW SHELTER LOCATED BETWEEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. SOUTHEAST AND NORTHEAST WALLS OF CREW SHELTER LOCATED BETWEEN THE PURSUIT PLANE BAYS OF AR-9. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base, Rammed Earth Aircraft Dispersal Revetments, Western Shore of Rogers Dry Lake, Boron, Kern County, CA

55

Energy use and thermal comfort in a rammed earth office building  

Microsoft Academic Search

A two-storey rammed earth building was built on the Thurgoona Campus of Charles Sturt University in Albury-Wodonga, Australia, in 1999. The building is novel both in the use of materials and equipment for heating and cooling. The climate at Wodonga can be characterised as hot and dry, so the challenge of providing comfortable working conditions with minimal energy consumption is

P. Taylor; R. J. Fuller; M. B. Luther

2008-01-01

56

SOUTHEAST VIEW OF THE SHELTER HOUSE LOCATED ON THE EAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SOUTHEAST VIEW OF THE SHELTER HOUSE LOCATED ON THE EAST END OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE NORTHWEST SIDE OF THE BUILDING. THE PARAPET WALL IS SHOWN IN THE FOREGROUND - Big Dalton Dam, Shelter House, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

57

From the Ground Up: Building an Undergraduate Earth Systems Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is rare that an interdisciplinary group of educators has the opportunity to design a science curriculum without the constraints of pre-existing academic departments. In 1994, California State University Monterey Bay (CSUMB) acquired 1,387 acres from the U.S. Department of the Army and began construction of a new campus. CSUMB was developed as a four-year undergraduate university distinctive in its mission to serve the diverse people of California. Inspired by the Earth System Science Education program initiated by NASA and the University Space Research Association, CSUMB embarked upon the development of an interdisciplinary Earth systems curriculum that placed a strong emphasis on experience-based learning, integration of science, policy, and technology, outreach to minority students, and partnerships with the local community. Our cornerstone program is the Bachelor of Science in Earth Systems Science & Policy. It is built on a pyramid- style framework that includes integration, systems approach, and applied technologies (base of the pyramid); junior entry course, case studies, concentrations, service learning, student internships, and research experiences (middle of the pyramid); and senior capstone projects (apex of the pyramid). However, to succeed, new and innovative programs must constantly evaluate where they have been, where they are, and where they need to go to meet the needs of their students today and their students of the future.

Head, W. D.; Alexander, S. E.; Moore, S. W.; Melton, F. S.

2006-12-01

58

View of Chapel Park, showing bomb shelters at right foreground, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of Chapel Park, showing bomb shelters at right foreground, from building 746 parking lot across Walnut Avenue; camera facing north. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, East of Nave Drive, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

59

Creative Building Design for Innovative Earth Science Teaching and Outreach (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth Science departments can blend the physical “bricks and mortar” facility with programs and educational displays to create a facility that is a permanent outreach tool and a welcoming home for teaching and research. The new Frederick Albert Sutton building at the University of Utah is one of the first LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified Earth Science buildings in the country. Throughout the structure, creative architectural designs are combined with sustainability, artful geologic displays, and community partnerships. Distinctive features of the building include: 1) Unique, inviting geologic designs such as cross bedding pattern in the concrete foundation; “a river runs through it” (a pebble tile “stream” inside the entrance); “confluence” lobby with spectacular Eocene Green River fossil fish and plant walls; polished rock slabs; and many natural stone elements. All displays are also designed as teaching tools. 2) Student-generated, energy efficient, sustainable projects such as: solar tube lights, xeriscape & rock monoliths, rainwater collection, roof garden, pervious cement, and energy monitoring. 3) Reinforced concrete foundation for vibration-free analytical measurements, and exposed lab ceilings for duct work and infrastructure adaptability. The spectacular displays for this special project were made possible by new partnerships within the community. Companies participated with generous, in-kind donations (e.g., services, stone flooring and slabs, and landscape rocks). They received recognition in the building and in literature acknowledging donors. A beautiful built environment creates space that students, faculty, and staff are proud of. People feel good about coming to work, and they are happy about their surroundings. This makes a strong recruiting tool, with more productive and satisfied employees. Buildings with architectural interest and displays can showcase geology as art and science, while highlighting what Earth Scientists do. This approach can transform our Earth Science buildings into destinations for visitors, to show evoke inquiry. The building becomes a centerpiece, not another blank box on campus. Administrators at the University of Utah now want other new building structures to emulate our geoscience example. Done right, “bricks and mortar” can build stronger departments, infuse Earth Science into the community, and enhance our educational missions. LEED-certified Earth Science building with Eocene fossil fish wall, river pebble pattern in floor tile, displays, and student gathering areas.

Chan, M. A.

2009-12-01

60

The Earth System Modeling Framework and Earth System Curator: Software Components as Building Blocks of Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Earth System Modeling Framework (ESMF) is an established U.S. initiative to develop high performance common modeling infrastructure for climate and weather models. ESMF is the technical foundation for the NASA Modeling, Analysis, and Prediction (MAP) Climate Variability and Change program and the DoD Battlespace Environments Institute (BEI). It has been incorporated into the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), the

C. Deluca; V. Balaji; A. da Silva; R. Dunlap; C. Hill; L. Mark; C. R. Mechoso; D. Middleton; S. Nikonov; S. Rugaber; M. Suarez

2006-01-01

61

Earth-covered buildings: An exploratory analysis for hazard and energy performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of earth covered buildings is examined regarding storms, nuclear detonations, earthquakes, fire, nuclear radiation, energy consumption, compatibility with solar energy systems, peak load effects, soil and groundwater effects, air and climate effects, occupant evaluation, and resource management. Potential longterm benefits are assessed, including the areas of economic benefits, community benefits and security benefits.

Moreland, F. L.

1981-11-01

62

FET. Control and equipment building (TAN630). Sections. Earth cover. Shielded ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FET. Control and equipment building (TAN-630). Sections. Earth cover. Shielded access entries for personnel and vehicles. Ralph M. Parsons 1229-2 ANP/GE-5-630-A-3. Date: March 1957. Approved by INEEL Classification Office for public release. INEEL index code no. 036-0630-00-693-107082 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Area North, Scoville, Butte County, ID

63

Shelter for the Sky  

SciTech Connect

A solemn ceremony in Slavutich Ukraine on April 26th 2007 marked the twenty-first anniversary of the most catastrophic accident in the history of commercial nuclear power. Significant progress has recently been made toward transformation of Chernobyl to an environmentally sound site. Many readers will recall that in only eight months following the 1986 accident, the Soviets constructed an enormous facility to contain the radioactive contamination in the remains of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Unit-4. Popularly known as the “sarcophagus”, but correctly referred to as the “Object Shelter”, it has deteriorated with time and is now in danger of collapse. STABILIZATION Several measures to structurally stabilize the Object Shelter and prevent its collapse have recently been completed. These measures are the largest construction projects undertaken in the local zone since the completion of the Object Shelter. The most significant risk reduction was accomplished by Measure-2 in December 2006. Stabilization

Schmieman, Eric A.

2007-07-01

64

A Place to Stay: Building Green  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Shelter has been a concern of humans and animals alike for the millennia. Animals, through their natural instincts, build nests and shelters to meet their needs for protection against predators and seasonal changes in the weather. Early humans sought shelter in caves and cliff dwellings and later began to design and build shelters based on the…

Deal, Walter F.

2010-01-01

65

Production Systems in Sheltered Workshops.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents data regarding production systems of 123 sheltered workshops for the use of administrators interested in developing production systems appropriate to their clients' requirements. The essential systems characteristics of a sheltered wor...

W. H. Button B. K. Lubow

1971-01-01

66

Global Cooperation in the Capacity Building Activities on Sun-Earth Connection Studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of global cooperation in Sun-Earth connection studies can be readily seen in the formation of a number of international collaborative programs such as the Climate and Weather of the Sun Earth System (CAWSES) by SCOSTEP* and the International Space Weather Initiative (ISWI). ISWI is the continuation of the successful International Heliophysical Year (IHY) program. These programs have brought scientists together to tackle issues of solar-terrestrial phenomena. An important element of these organizations is capacity building activities, which include deployment of low-cost ground based instruments for Sun-Earth connection studies and training young people (scientists and graduate students) from developing countries to operate these instruments and become members of the international solar-terrestrial scientific community. The training also helps young people to make use of data from the vast array of space and ground based instruments currently available for Sun-Earth connection studies. This paper presents a summary of CAWSES and ISWI activities that promote space Sun-Earth connection studies via complementary approaches in international scientific collaborations, capacity building, and public outreach. *Scientific Committee on Solar Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) is an Interdisciplinary Body of the International Council for Science with representations from COSPAR, IAU, IUGG/IAGA, IUPAP, IAMAS, SCAR, and URSI (http://www.yorku.ca/scostep)

Gopalswamy, Nat; Davila, Joseph; Luebken, Franz-Josef; Shepherd, Marianna; Tsuda, Toshitaka

2012-07-01

67

Managing Homeless Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a formal analysis of how homeless shelters should operate: in particular, what quality of accommodations they should provide and how they should help their residents in securing conventional housing. I also examine timing. The results extend to cover optimal police response to street homelessness as well. I draw heavily on the unemployment insurance literature.

Brendan O’Flaherty

2009-01-01

68

Shelter Lighting Kit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Shelter Lighting Kit includes a manually-driven power unit and a fluorescent lighting system. Two power unit designs are presented for preproduction fabrication and evaluation. One power unit has a generator mounted on a bicycle-type frame and driven ...

R. B. Neveril H. F. Behls

1967-01-01

69

Building the EarthChem System for Advanced Data Management in Igneous Geochemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several mature databases of geochemical analyses for igneous rocks are now available over the Internet. The existence of these databases has revolutionized access to data for researchers and students allowing them to extract data sets customized to their specific problem from global data compilations with their desktop computer within a few minutes. Three of the database efforts - PetDB, GEOROC, and NAVDAT - have initiated a collaborative effort called EarthChem to create better and more advanced and integrated data management for igneous geochemistry. The EarthChem web site (http://www.earthchem.org/) serves as a portal to the three databases and information related to EarthChem activities. EarthChem participants agreed to establish a dialog to minimize duplication of effort and share useful tools and approaches. To initiate this dialog, a workshop was run by EarthChem in October, 2003 to discuss cyberinfrastructure needs in igneous geochemistry (workshop report available at the EarthChem site). EarthChem ran an information booth with database and visualization demonstrations at the Fall 2003 AGU meeting (and will have one in 2004) and participated in the May 2003 GERM meeting in Lyon, France where we provided the newly established Publishers' Round Table a list of minimum standards of data reporting to ease the assimilation of data into the databases. Aspects of these suggestions already have been incorporated into new data policies at Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta and Chemical Geology (Goldstein et al. 2004), and are under study by the Geological Society of America. EarthChem presented its objectives and activities to the Solid Earth Sciences community at the Annual GSA Meeting 2003 (Lehnert et al, 2003). Future plans for EarthChem include expanding the types and amounts of data available from a single portal, giving researchers, faculty, students, and the general public the ability to search, visualize, and download geochemical and geochronological data for a wide variety of rock types of global distribution. We also hope to implement more mapping and query functions to open the application of these data across the spectrum of geoscientists. Lastly, we want to facilitate data submission and data entry in anticipation of incorporating more data directly from publishers and from a broader cross section of researchers. The building of interfaces for the transfer of raw and reduced data will allow data to be archived, and most importantly accessed, in a manner that will facilitate the use of geochemical data to address a wide variety of problems in the solid earth sciences.

Lehnert, K.; Walker, J. D.; Carlson, R. W.; Hofmann, A. W.; Sarbas, B.

2004-12-01

70

Resources and Strategies for Building Understanding of the Earth-Moon-Sun System in Students of all Ages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation discusses a variety of resources and strategies used in UT Dallas education and outreach programs to help learners build understanding of the Earth-Moon-Sun system including topics of scale, lunar phases, and seasons.

Urquhart, M. L.

2011-03-01

71

Solar energy utilization in a greenhouse\\/animal shelter combination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two greenhouses are being used at Kansas State Univesity to evaluate use of exhaust air from an animal shelter and its effect on greenhouse production. The control greenhouse is attached to the headquarters building and operated conventionally. The experimental house is attached to a swine finishing building and has air handling equipment to introduce hoghouse air to the greenhouse at

C. K. Spillman; J. K. Greig; G. A. Johnson; J. R. Hartford; B. A. Koch; R. H. Hines

1981-01-01

72

Building a 3D earth model conditioned by the spatial statistics of petrophysical data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Characteristics of the earth’s heterogeneity are inherent in the physical properties measured from the target rock mass. Hence, investigation of the spatial variability of measured rock properties, for example porosity, permeability, density, and metal concentration, are useful for understanding the spatial changes in characteristics of the rock mass. Given that most data in the earth sciences are not exhaustive, heterogeneity in a rock mass at locations with no available data can be constrained by information at sampled data locations. Geostatistical tools are used to model spatial variability of physical properties at such unsampled locations. This study presents the application of geostatistical techniques to build a 3D earth model constrained by existing large database information that includes density logs measured from core samples of 32 boreholes, lithology, mineral concentration, gravity, magnetic and electromagnetic data. The database constituted part of an integrated study to delineate the lateral distribution of a Zn-Pb-Ag sulfide deposit. Density values are often correlated to the chemical constituent of the rock. In a sulfide setting, despite the potential influence of geologic processes in altering rock densities, sulfide mineralized rock samples have high densities relative to host rocks. Heuristic density models can then be built to honour any existing hard data and can be further tailored to accommodate the spatial correlation with other existing interdependent (cokriging) rock properties such as metal concentration. The cokriging process is based on an established hierarchy between the property variables e.g. Geology (felsic/mafic) ? Density (Primary variable) ? Zn%(Secondary variable). The 3D earth model honours not only the 3D statistics of the various properties considered, but also existing hard data (logs) in existing boreholes. Such an approach for modeling the spatial distribution of density and metal concentration provides a better assessment for inferred resource estimates. We used this geostatistical approach to locally characterize the 3D distribution of the rock mass at the Nash Creek exploration project, New Brunswick.

Bongajum, E. L.; Huang, J.; White, I.; Milkereit, B.

2009-12-01

73

Rare Earth coordination polymers with zeolite topology constructed from 4-connected building units.  

PubMed

A series of rare earth coordination polymers, M(BTC)(DMF)(DMSO) (M = Tb (1), Ho (2), Er (3), Yb (4), Y (5)), with zeolite ABW topology have been synthesized under mild conditions. They exhibit the same three-dimensional (3D) architecture and crystallize in monoclinic symmetry space group P2(1)/n. Their structures are built up from inorganic and organic 4-connected building units, whose vertex symbols are 4.4.6.6.6.8. The building units link to each other to generate approximate 5 x 8 angstroms2 channels along the [100] direction. The luminescent and magnetic properties of these compounds are investigated, and the results reveal that they could be anticipated to be potential antiferromagnetic and fluorescent materials. PMID:16676967

Guo, Xiaodan; Zhu, Guangshan; Li, Zhongyue; Chen, Yan; Li, Xiaotian; Qiu, Shilun

2006-05-15

74

Google Embryo for Building Quantitative Understanding of an Embryo As It Builds Itself. I. Lessons from Ganymede and Google Earth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Google Earth allows us to obtain a new vision of the planet we live on, with an ability to zoom in from space to ground level detail at any point on Earth. As it is only recently that we have been able to look toward the Earth from space, we review instead the history of imaging of the Jupiter moon

Richard Gordon

2010-01-01

75

Shelter from the Storm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses why most schools need to upgrade the spaces they use to protect students and staff from tornadoes. School building areas commonly used as safe havens during tornadoes are assessed, followed by information on disaster damage reimbursements and Federal Emergency Management Agency guidelines (FEMA 361) for building tornado and hurricane…

Schultz, Corey; Metz, John

2001-01-01

76

Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) planet profile provides data and images of the planet Earth. These data include planet size, orbit facts, distance from the Sun, rotation and revolution times, temperature, atmospheric composition, density, surface materials and albedo. Images with descriptions show Earth features such as the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica, Simpson Desert in Australia, Mt. Etna in Sicily, the Cassiar Mountains in Canada, the Strait of Gibraltar, Mississippi River, Grand Canyon, Wadi Kufra Oasis in Libya, and Moon images such as Hadley Rille, Plum Crater, massifs and Moon rocks. These images were taken with the Galileo Spacecraft and by the Apollo missions.

77

An experimental investigation on equilibrium moisture content of earth plaster with natural reinforcement fibres for straw bale buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work focuses on the determination of equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of natural plaster materials for straw bale buildings. Earth plasters of four different compositions of cohesive soil and sand combined with reinforcement of three different natural fibre types, wheat straw, barley straw and wood shavings, were investigated. The plaster materials were treated under different temperature (10–40 °C) and relative humidity

Taha Ashour; Heiko Georg; Wei Wu

2011-01-01

78

Q & A with Kathleen M. Reilly, Author of "Planet Earth: 25 Environmental Projects You Can Build Yourself"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an interview with Kathleen M. Reilly, author of "Planet Earth: 25 Environmental Projects You Can Build Yourself." Environmental awareness needs to begin in childhood, and, through this book, Kathleen M. Reilly encourages children to learn about ecology and ecosystems to begin conservation early in their lives. Children ages…

Curriculum Review, 2008

2008-01-01

79

Effectiveness of Urban Shelter-in-Place. III: Commercial Districts  

SciTech Connect

In the event of a toxic chemical release to the atmosphere, shelter-in-place (SIP) is an emergency response option available to protect public health. This paper is the last in a three-part series that examines the effectiveness of SIP at reducing adverse health effects in communities. We model a hypothetical chemical release in an urban area, and consider SIP effectiveness in protecting occupants of commercial buildings. Building air infiltration rates are predicted from empirical data using an existing model. We consider the distribution of building air infiltration rates both with mechanical ventilation systems turned off and with the systems operating. We also consider the effects of chemical sorption to indoor surfaces and nonlinear chemical dose-response relationships. We find that commercial buildings provide effective shelter when ventilation systems are off, but that any delay in turning off ventilation systems can greatly reduce SIP effectiveness. Using a two-zone model, we find that there can be substantial benefit by taking shelter in the inner parts of a building that do not experience direct air exchange with the outdoors. Air infiltration rates vary substantially among buildings and this variation is important in quantifying effectiveness for emergency response. Community-wide health metrics, introduced in the previous papers in this series, can be applied in pre-event planning and to guide real-time emergency response.

Chan, Wanyu R.; Chan, Wanyu R.; Nazaroff, William W.; Price, Phillip N.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2007-12-28

80

Shelter and indoor air.  

PubMed Central

Improvements in outdoor air quality that were achieved through the implementation of the Clean Air Act accentuate the quality of the indoor air as an important, if not dominant, factor in the determination of the total population exposure to air contaminants. A number of developments are adding important new determinants of indoor air quality. Energy conservation strategies require reductions in infiltration of outdoor air into buildings. New materials introduced in the construction and in the maintenance of buildings are contributing new air contaminants into the building atmosphere. Larger buildings require more and more complex ventilation systems that are less and less under the individual control of the occupants. All of these factors contribute to the current reality that indoor air contains more pollutants, and often at higher concentrations, than outdoor air. Especially in the larger buildings, it will be necessary to assure that an adequate quantity of fresh air of acceptable quality is provided to each individual space, and that no new sources of pollutants are added to a space or a whole building without appropriate adjustments in the supply of fresh air.

Stolwijk, J A

1990-01-01

81

Building A Collaborative And Distributed E&O Program For EarthScope  

Microsoft Academic Search

EarthScope's education and outreach (E&O) mission is to ensure that the EarthScope experiment creates as its legacy a public more knowledgeable and understanding of the scientific and societal contributions made by the EarthScope experiment and Earth science. It will fulfill this commitment by developing and disseminating programs and products that utilize the data, models, technology and discoveries of EarthScope. The

M. K. Hall-Wallace; T. Boyd; G. Richard; K. Ellins; C. Meertens; S. Semken; J. Taber; M. Benthien; L. Wald; R. Marvinney

2003-01-01

82

Blast Loading in Shelter Models - Basement and Mine Shelters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Motion data obtained from 1/12th scale basement and mine shelter models are given for interior wall panels made of plywood when exposed to shockwave-induced interior air flows. Pressure-time loading records are also shown for a solid non-moveable aluminum...

G. A. Coulter

1975-01-01

83

Shelter upgrading manual: key worker shelters. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This manual is one of a series being developed in support of the civil defense concept of crisis location planning. One basic element of crisis relocation is plant site protection of key industry people who operate essential facilities through a crisis period. The manual is intended to provide a framework for the practical development of key worker shelters by any interested party. The information contained herein was developed under Contract EMW-C-0153, Work Unit 1128A, and is based on previously developed structural information, but has yet to be tested in the field. The manual is designed to be used by planners and plant personnel in risk areas. It presents a methodology for evaluating basement areas and expedient shelters and provides alternative methods to develop the necessary structural upgrading for blast and fallout protection. Expedient shelters are proposed for industries without available basements, and upgrading methods and the resources required for each are presented. Included are sketches and figures that assist in the evaluation of a structure for use as a potential shelter, provide data and charts for closing small openings, and illustrate alternative details of shoring systems. Tables and charts for sizing the shoring or other materials required for each alternative have been provided to simplify applications. The manual is in looseleaf format so that worksheets, tables, and charts can be removed to develop upgrading plans for a specific structure. This format also allows for the insertion of new data and techniques as they become available.

Tansley, R.S.; Bernard, R.D.

1981-05-01

84

Shelter upgrading manual: key worker shelters. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manual is one of a series being developed in support of the civil defense concept of crisis location planning. One basic element of crisis relocation is plant site protection of key industry people who operate essential facilities through a crisis period. The manual is intended to provide a framework for the practical development of key worker shelters by any

R. S. Tansley; R. D. Bernard

1981-01-01

85

Performance evaluation and life cycle cost analysis of earth to air heat exchanger integrated with adobe building for New Delhi composite climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to develop thermal model of a vault roof building integrated with earth to air heat exchanger (EAHE). The building under consideration is made of brick vault and adobe (or mud) structures. The methodology adopted for developing thermal model of this building with six interconnected rooms is presented in this paper. The energy balance equations were solved simultaneously

Arvind Chel; G. N. Tiwari

2009-01-01

86

The Psychological Environment of Protective Shelters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research is focused upon studying the psychological environment that would prevail in such a public fallout shelter during the shelter period. Will there be psychological and sociological problems. If so, what would be the basis for them. What prevent...

G. H. Wright N. H. Fenstermacher

1966-01-01

87

The Second Student-Run Homeless Shelter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From 1983-2011, the Harvard Square Homeless Shelter (HSHS) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was the only student-run homeless shelter in the United States. However, college students at Villanova, Temple, Drexel, the University of Pennsylvania, and Swarthmore drew upon the HSHS model to open their own student-run homeless shelter in Philadelphia,…

Seider, Scott C.

2012-01-01

88

Lunar surface operations. Volume 1: Lunar surface emergency shelter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The lunar surface emergency shelter (LSES) is designed to provide survival-level accommodations for up to four astronauts for a maximum of five days. It would be used by astronauts who were caught out in the open during a large solar event. The habitable section consists of an aluminum pressure shell with an inner diameter of 6 ft. and a length of 12.2 ft. Access is through a 4 in. thick aluminum airlock door mounted at the rear of the shelter. Shielding is provided by a 14.9 in. thick layer of lunar regolith contained within a second, outer aluminum shell. This provides protection against a 200 MeV event, based on a 15 REM maximum dose. The shelter is self-contained with a maximum range of 1000 km. Power is supplied by a primary fuel cell which occupies 70.7 cu ft. of the interior volume. Mobility is achieved by towing the shelter behind existing lunar vehicles. It was assumed that a fully operational, independent lunar base was available to provide communication support and tools for set-up and maintenance. Transportation to the moon would be provided by the proposed heavy lift launch vehicle. Major design considerations for the LSES were safety, reliability, and minimal use of earth materials.

Shields, William; Feteih, Salah; Hollis, Patrick

1993-07-01

89

Shelter Potential in Parking Garages.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the study was to present pertinent factual data on five selected cities which will permit the Office of Civil Defense to evaluate parking garages as potential shelter systems. In each city an investigation was made of the parking capacity...

C. T. McGavin

1970-01-01

90

Have Sheltered Workshops a Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of problems faced by sheltered workshops for disabled persons (low placement rates in open employment, nonconsideration of individual needs, poor financial rewards) includes an outline of a habilitation model featuring improved staff training, production and wages, vocational and nonvocational options, organization of training, and…

Kirby, Neil

1986-01-01

91

A Sheltered Workshop in Belgium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program of a sheltered workshop for the mentally retarded in Belgium is explained to show that workshops which contract industrial job orders can be economically sufficient and at the same time develop technical skills and stimulate socially acceptable behavior patterns or personality development. (GW)

Rylant, Bob

1972-01-01

92

Preliminary evaluation of crisis-relocation fallout-shelter options. Volume 2. Detailed analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a preliminary, detailed evaluation of various shelter options for use if the President orders crisis relocation of the US urban population because of strong expectation of a nuclear war. The availability of livable shelter space at 40 ft/sup 2/ per person (congregate-care space) by state is evaluated. Options are evaluated for construction of fallout shelters allowing 10 ft/sup 2/ per person - such shelters are designed to provide 100% survival at projected levels of radioactive fallout. The FEMA concept of upgrading existing buildings to act as fallout shelters can, in principle, provide adequate shelter throughout most of the US. Exceptions are noted and remedies proposed. In terms of upgrading existing buildings to fallout shelter status, great benefits are possible by turning away from a standard national approach and adopting a more site-specific approach. Existing FEMA research provides a solid foundation for successful crisis relocation planning, but the program can be refined by making suitable modifications in its locational, engineering, and institutionally specific elements.

Santini, D.J.; Clinch, J.M.; Davis, F.H.; Hill, L.G.; Lynch, E.P.; Tanzman, E.A.; Wernette, D.R.

1982-12-01

93

Building a Global Data Network for Studies of Earth Processes at the World's Plate Boundaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The international geoscience community is engaged in scientifically aligned goals to understand the fundamental processes of crustal formation, modification and destruction at the Earth's plate boundaries through broad multi- disciplinary initiatives such as the InterRidge and InterMARGINS programs. These programs involve the collection of unique data sets during oceanic and terrestrial expeditions and subsequent laboratory work conducted by research institutions around the globe. These international research efforts would benefit significantly if data collections maintained as national efforts could be better linked and broader access were initiated. At present there are no formal agreements within these programs for data sharing between foreign partners. A workshop was convened in May 2007, jointly sponsored and funded by MARGINS, InterMARGINS, InterRidge, Ridge2000, the US National Science Foundation, and the German project "The Future Ocean", to explore current opportunities and challenges for international data exchange to support marine geoscience research broadly. Participants from 14 countries discussed technological, organizational, and cultural issues for building a global data network and agreed on a set of recommendations regarding science user needs, data documentation, data publication, metadata interoperability, and opportunities and obstacles for international data sharing. They underscored that (1) open public access to data is fundamental to verifiable scientific progress; (2) uniform best practices and standards for data acquisition, data submission to data centers, and data publication need to be developed and used routinely within the international community, facilitated by tools that automate metadata acquisition in the field and in the lab; (3) the proliferation of metadata standards needs to be minimized to achieve a uniform approach for scientific metadata building upon the work of existing community-based projects; (4) data centers should expose their data resources via web services to enable data access through programmatic interfaces and expand options for data analysis and visualization; (5) international programs and bodies such as GEOSS, eGY, and ICSU should be leveraged to promote an initiative for a global data network; (6) a dedicated task group is needed to advance the implementation of a global data network along with special interest groups to share experience and solutions on issues concerning metadata and interfaces. Several immediate next steps were identified to initiate the implementation of these recommendations.

Lehnert, K. A.; Carbotte, S.; Tsuboi, S.; Weinrebe, W.

2007-12-01

94

Building A Collaborative And Distributed E&O Program For EarthScope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EarthScope's education and outreach (E&O) mission is to ensure that the EarthScope experiment creates as its legacy a public more knowledgeable and understanding of the scientific and societal contributions made by the EarthScope experiment and Earth science. It will fulfill this commitment by developing and disseminating programs and products that utilize the data, models, technology and discoveries of EarthScope. The EarthScope Education and Outreach Network (EON), consisting of local EON alliances, the EarthScope facilities, partner organizations and a coordinating office, will facilitate this E&O mission. The local EON alliances, which will vary in size and purpose to respond quickly and to meet the specific needs in a region, will carry out the bulk of the effort. Thus, EarthScope EON can provide customized services that engage culturally, economically and geographically diverse audiences at the national and local scales. The EarthScope facilities and research community will provide access to data, models, and visualization tools for educational purposes. Partnerships with other national and local science education and outreach programs at colleges, universities, research facilities and professional societies within the EarthScope community as well as relevant programs at museums and parks, state geologic surveys and emergency management agencies, and K-12 schools are critical to EON's success. These partnerships will allow EON to use existing resources, networks and expertise to gear up quickly and efficiently. As EON develops, it will reciprocate by contributing new resources and expertise to the partnerships that help improve public understanding of Earth systems overall and promote effective application of EarthScope discoveries. In this presentation, we will outline major programs and products envisioned for EarthScope, plans for evaluating those programs locally and nationally, and mechanisms for collaborating with existing E&O programs.

Hall-Wallace, M. K.; Boyd, T.; Richard, G.; Ellins, K.; Meertens, C.; Semken, S.; Taber, J.; Benthien, M.; Wald, L.; Marvinney, R.

2003-12-01

95

Analyzing evacuation versus shelter-in-place strategies after a terrorist nuclear detonation.  

PubMed

We superimpose a radiation fallout model onto a traffic flow model to assess the evacuation versus shelter-in-place decisions after the daytime ground-level detonation of a 10-kt improvised nuclear device in Washington, DC. In our model, ? 80k people are killed by the prompt effects of blast, burn, and radiation. Of the ? 360k survivors without access to a vehicle, 42.6k would die if they immediately self-evacuated on foot. Sheltering above ground would save several thousand of these lives and sheltering in a basement (or near the middle of a large building) would save of them. Among survivors of the prompt effects with access to a vehicle, the number of deaths depends on the fraction of people who shelter in a basement rather than self-evacuate in their vehicle: 23.1k people die if 90% shelter in a basement and 54.6k die if 10% shelter. Sheltering above ground saves approximately half as many lives as sheltering in a basement. The details related to delayed (i.e., organized) evacuation, search and rescue, decontamination, and situational awareness (via, e.g., telecommunications) have very little impact on the number of casualties. Although antibiotics and transfusion support have the potential to save ? 10k lives (and the number of lives saved from medical care increases with the fraction of people who shelter in basements), the logistical challenge appears to be well beyond current response capabilities. Taken together, our results suggest that the government should initiate an aggressive outreach program to educate citizens and the private sector about the importance of sheltering in place in a basement for at least 12 hours after a terrorist nuclear detonation. PMID:20840487

Wein, Lawrence M; Choi, Youngsoo; Denuit, Sylvie

2010-08-25

96

Comparison of several methods for analyzing earth-quake-resistant soil-building interaction systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A procedure was developed for determination of earthquake-design loads and structure-member forces from the time history-earthquake responses of the soil-building and the soil-building-building interaction system. This procedure considers the coupling effect of building, subsoil, and adjacent structures. The infinite element associated with the ordinary finite element are used to model the unbounded subsoil. Three numerical examples that represent different types

1986-01-01

97

Sheltering--a protective measure following an accidental atmospheric release from a nuclear power plant.  

PubMed

The effectiveness of sheltering the population for reducing radiological effects following an accidental release of radioactivity at a nuclear power plant was investigated. Different levels of respiratory protection and the administration of a thyroid blocking agent were also studied as possible complements to sheltering. Specific conditions were assumed, concerning the high protection factors of regular buildings and the high availability of civil defense shelters. Computations were performed by means of a probabilistic consequence model, which allows a comprehensive description of exposure modes and processes dealing with the implementation of sheltering and which takes into account a broad range of radiological effects. Sheltering, even in regular buildings, was found to be efficient in reducing early fatalities and other non-stochastic effects. However, it was shown that respiratory protection is also needed in order to alleviate stochastic effects and that, for this purpose, expedient individual filtration methods may be satisfactory. Under the conditions studied, sheltering was found to be preferable in most cases over evacuation, as the main immediate protective measure, unless evacuation can be carried out before the radioactive cloud reaches the populated area. PMID:3378897

Koch, J; Tadmor, J

1988-06-01

98

Will Duct Tape and Plastic Really Work? Issues Related to Expedient Shelter-In-Place  

SciTech Connect

Expedient sheltering involves the use of common materials to enhance the safety of a room inside a building against the impacts of a chemical plume. The central premise behind taping and sealing with duct tape and plastic is to reduce airflow into a room. This paper reviews issues associated with the use of expedient sheltering materials and the effectiveness of this strategy. Expedient sheltering provides additional protection to people sheltering in place beyond that provided by the house and by a safe room without expedient measures. The materials chosen for taping and sealing--duct tape and plastic--are appropriate because they effectively reduce infiltration and the materials should withstand a vapor challenge. Taping is essential to reduce air infiltration. Plastic sheeting is not a critical element for reducing air infiltration, but it makes sealing off large windows easier.

Sorensen, J.H.

2002-08-30

99

Re-deployable mobile above ground shelter  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A protective shelter includes an enclosure having at least a floor, at least one sidewall coupled to the floor, a door, and a roof coupled to the at least one sidewall. The roof includes an aperture located proximate the shelter's point of minimum static air pressure during a high-velocity wind event. The protective shelter includes one or more members that elevate the floor above a substrate, a substantially enclosed sub-floor region bounded by the protective shelter and the substrate, and an air duct providing airflow communication between the substantially enclosed sub-floor region and an exterior region of the enclosure via the aperture.

2013-02-19

100

External Resource: Earth-Moon-Sun Dynamics: Building the EMS Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this unit of study, students participate in iterative model building as they encounter patterns in various celestial phenomena and attempt to provide a causal explanation for them. Each of the six materials within Building the EMS Model focuses on a di

1900-01-01

101

Use of chemical explosives for emergency solar flare shelter construction and other excavations on the Martian surface  

SciTech Connect

The necessity to shelter people on the Martian surface from solar flare particles at short notice and the need for long-term habitats with thick cosmic ray shielding suggests that explosives could be used effectively for excavation of such structures. Modern insensitive high explosives are safe, efficient, and reliable for rock breakage and excavation. Extensive Earth-bound experience leads us to propose several strategies for explosively-constructed shelters based on tunneling, cratering, and rock casting techniques.

Dick, R.D.; Blacic, J.D.; Pettitt, D.R.

1985-01-01

102

Building a Community of Faculty for Teacher Preparation in Earth and Space Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Surveys and focus groups suggest that faculty who help prepare future teachers in science can benefit from professional development. A team of scientists and science educators has delivered three such 2-day faculty institutes, through our Faculty Institutes for NASA Earth and Space Science Education (FINESSE). Faculty have developed a mechanism for working inquiry into a deeper understanding of science by using existing online data to develop and research Earth and space science topics. Members of the FINESSE team share experiences regarding the institutes, describe their findings thus far, and demonstrate some of the interactive pieces of the institute.

Shupla, C. B.; Shipp, S. S.; Schultz, G.; Pomeroy, R.; Bailey, J. M.; Asti, P.; Chambers, L. H.; Slater, T. F.; Slater, S. J.; Stork, D.; Smith, D. A.; Waller, W. H.

2010-08-01

103

41 CFR 60-741.45 - Sheltered workshops.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Sheltered workshops. 60-741.45 Section 60-741...Affirmative Action Program § 60-741.45 Sheltered workshops. Contracts with sheltered workshops do not constitute affirmative...

2009-07-01

104

41 CFR 60-741.45 - Sheltered workshops.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sheltered workshops. 60-741.45 Section 60-741...Affirmative Action Program § 60-741.45 Sheltered workshops. Contracts with sheltered workshops do not constitute affirmative...

2010-07-01

105

Putting Art in Its Place: Earth-Centered Celebration Builds Community in Concord.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Concord (Massachusetts), the Emerson Umbrella Center for the Arts holds seasonal workshops that invite people outdoors to explore woods, fields, and rivers and then process their discoveries through art. Each spring, a colorful community Earth Day celebration demonstrates the link between community art and community activism. The center also…

Daniel, Lucille

1999-01-01

106

Understanding of earth and space science concepts: Strategies for concept building in elementary teacher preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on conceptual change provides strong evidence that not only children but also many adults have incorrect or incomplete understanding of science concepts. This mixed methods study was concerned with preservice and inservice teachers' understanding of six earth and space science concepts commonly taught in elementary school: reasons for seasons, phases of the moon, reasons for the wind, the rock

Nermin Bulunuz

2006-01-01

107

The Research of Building Unattended Deformation Monitoring Communication System for Super Long Earth-Rockfill Dam  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, deformation monitoring in Liaohe Shifosi super long earth-rockfill dam is as the research background. Through the analysis of communication protocol of Ashtech GPS receiver, we successfully realize the wireless collection of initial data and wireless transmission of control commands. By self-defined calibration principle, the system solves the problem of data transmission error and through retransmission mechanism to

Hongbin Ma; Qiling Hu; Dongli Liu; Yukun You

2011-01-01

108

An experimental study on shrinkage of earth plaster with natural fibres for straw bale buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a series of laboratory tests on shrinkage of plaster materials are presented. The plaster materials consist of cohesive soil, sand and different natural fibres. Three types of fibres, wheat straw, barley straw and wood shavings, were used as reinforcement in the tests. The shrinkage behaviour of earth plasters was studied by laboratory tests for different compositions and

Taha Ashour; Wei Wu

2010-01-01

109

Understanding of Earth and Space Science Concepts: Strategies for Concept-Building in Elementary Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research is concerned with preservice teacher understanding of six earth and space science concepts that are often taught in elementary school: the reason for seasons, phases of the moon, why the wind blows, the rock cycle, soil formation, and earthquakes. Specifically, this study examines the effect of readings, hands-on learning stations,…

Bulunuz, Nermin; Jarrett, Olga S.

2009-01-01

110

Rural Homeless Shelters: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there has been some increased attention to the issue of homelessness and homeless shelter services, little effort has been made to understand the operation of rural homeless shelters. This situation persists despite decades of effort showing that the rural environment provides a very different context for the delivery of services than an urban environment. This study hypothesized that contextual

Marianne Goodfellow

1999-01-01

111

The Earth System Grid - Building a Production Data Grid for Climate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Earth System Grid (ESG) is a U.S. DOE-sponsored R&D effort aimed at providing access to distributed, terascale global climate model data. ESG has developed and deployed a production Data Grid that provides access to nearly 100TB of distributed climate model data at multiple centers. In this presentation we will discuss the overall system, unexpected challenges, lessons learned, and plans for future capabilities.

Middleton, D. E.

2005-12-01

112

Effectiveness of Urban Shelter-in-Place. II: ResidentialDistricts  

SciTech Connect

In the event of a short-term, large-scale toxic chemical release to the atmosphere, shelter-in-place (SIP) may be used as an emergency response to protect public health. We modeled hypothetical releases using realistic, empirical parameters to explore how key factors influence SIP effectiveness for single-family dwellings in a residential district. Four classes of factors were evaluated in this case-study: (a) time scales associated with release duration, SIP implementation delay, and SIP termination; (b) building air-exchange rates, including air infiltration and ventilation; (c) the degree of sorption of toxic chemicals to indoor surfaces; and (d) the shape of the dose-response relationship for acute adverse health effects. Houses with lower air leakage are more effective shelters, and thus variability in the air leakage of dwellings is associated with varying degrees of SIP protection in a community. Sorption on indoor surfaces improves SIP effectiveness by lowering the peak indoor concentrations and reducing the amount of contamination in the indoor air. Nonlinear dose-response relationships imply substantial reduction in adverse health effects from lowering the peak exposure concentration. However, if the scenario is unfavorable for sheltering (e.g. sheltering in leaky houses for protection against a nonsorbing chemical with a linear dose-response), the community must implement SIP without delay and exit from shelter when it first becomes safe to do so. Otherwise, the community can be subjected to even greater risk than if they did not take shelter indoors.

Chan, W.R.; Nazaroff, W.W.; Price, P.N.; Gadgil, A.J.

2006-12-01

113

The influence of natural reinforcement fibres on insulation values of earth plaster for straw bale buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work aimed to measure the thermal conductivity of some natural plaster materials that could be used for straw bale buildings. Thermal conductivity is very important to determine the insulation value and other thermal parameters for natural plaster materials. Plaster materials consisted of soil, sand and straw. Straw is used as a reinforcement fibre for plaster. Three types of fibres

Taha Ashour; Hansjörg Wieland; Heiko Georg; Franz-Josef Bockisch; Wei Wu

2010-01-01

114

Maakosketuksessa olevat laemmoeneristeet. Kenttaetutkimus. (Field study of buildings thermal insulation in earth contact).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A field survey was made of frost and heat insulation in buildings constructed in 1976-1985. The materials used were expanded polystyrene, cellular polyurethene, mineral wool and expanded clay. The properties of these materials were studied by means of lab...

P. Flygare H. Kivikoski E. Niskala

1989-01-01

115

Needs assessment for remote systems technology at the Chornobyl Unit 4 shelter  

SciTech Connect

The accident at Chornobyl Unit 4 on April 26, 1986, resulted in a series of unprecedented scientific and technical challenges. The reactor building was damaged extensively. Following the accident, immediate action was needed to seal off the gaping crater created by the accident, which was a continuing source of airborne contamination. Under extreme conditions, a structure called the {open_quotes}Shelter{close_quotes} was built over the remains of the reactor building. The Shelter, which was quickly completed in November 1986, was meant to provide immediate but temporary containment. Now, 11 years later, there are significant concerns about its structural integrity and projected life expectancy. The United States and other participating G-7 countries are supporting nuclear safety upgrade efforts in Eastern Europe with a primary focus on placing the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) Unit 4 Shelter in a stable and environmentally acceptable condition. Application of remote systems technologies will play an important part in achieving the goals of this program. The G-7 nations have agreed to support these efforts, including the identification and development of remote system technologies for fuel removal. However at this time they have taken a firm stance against funding actual fuel removal activities. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology requested that a needs assessment be performed to evaluate the requirements for applying remote systems, including robotics, at the Shelter. This document is intended to be used to identify remote systems needs and requirements at the Shelter and to provide general information on the conditions in the Shelter that could impact the use of remote systems. This document is intended as a source of information to assist those who will be implementing the Shelter Implementation Plan tasks. The document provides background information and general guidance on the application of remote systems.

Carteret, B.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Holliday, M.A.; Jones, E.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1997-12-01

116

Building Capacity to Integrate NASA Earth Science into Water Resources Management Applications in the Context of a Changing Climate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Applied Sciences program provides technical capacity building activities to enable decision-makers to integrate NASA Earth Science into environmental management activities. This includes workshops tailored to end-user needs by working directly with agencies to 1) identify environmental management activities that could benefit from NASA Earth Science and 2) conducting workshops that teach the NASA products and decision-support tools best suited to the identified application area. Building on a successful 3-year effort on air pollution monitoring for environmental applications, the project has expanded into water resources. Climate Change has dramatically increased demand for observational and predictive data in support of decision making activities related to water supply and demand. However, a gap remains between NASA products and applied research and the entities who stand to benefit from their utilization. To fill this gap, the project has developed short courses on 1) impacts of climate change on water resources 2) hands-on exercises on access and interpretation of NASA imagery relevant to water resources management via the use of decision-support web tools and software and 3) case studies on the application of NASA products in the field. The program is currently focused on two areas 1) precipitation products over the central and southern U.S. that help communities and agencies improve flooding forecasts and 2) snow and snow/water equivalent products over the western U.S and Latin America that can provide end-users with improved stream flow prediction in Spring within a framework of decreasing snow availability.

Prados, A. I.; Mehta, A. V.

2011-12-01

117

Smoking cessation among sheltered homeless: a pilot  

PubMed Central

Objective To test the feasibility and effect of a smoking cessation intervention among sheltered homeless. Methods Homeless smokers were enrolled in a 12-week group counseling program plus pharmacotherapy (n=58). Results The mean number of sessions attended was 7.2, most participants used at least one type of medication (67%) and 75% completed 12-week end of treatment surveys. Carbon monoxide verified abstinence rates at 12 and 24 weeks were 15.5% and 13.6% respectively. Conclusion Results support the feasibility of enrolling and retaining sheltered homeless in a smoking cessation program. Counseling plus pharmacotherapy options may be effective in helping sheltered homeless smokers quit.

Shelley, Donna; Cantrell, Jennifer; Warn, Doug; Wong, Selena

2010-01-01

118

Recent Incarceration History among a Sheltered Homeless Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined incarceration histories and shelter use patterns of 7,022 persons staying in public shelters in New York City. Through matching administrative shelter records with data on releases from New York State prisons and New York City jails, 23.1% of a point-prevalent shelter population was identified as having had an incarceration…

Metraux, Stephen; Culhane, Dennis P.

2006-01-01

119

Battered women's shelters and older women: The Florida experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a study of 25 battered women's shelters located throughout Florida. The research question asked whether older abused women were being served by the state's domestic violence shelters. Although older women were found to be well-represented among shelters' paid and volunteer staff and Boards of Directors, they were poorly represented among the population served by these shelters. Results

Linda Vinton

1992-01-01

120

Applying remote sensing and spacial analysis technology to locating transitional shelters in earthquake areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violent earthquakes damaged buildings, towns and cities. The earthquakes and the subsequent secondary disasters, such as landslips, landslides and debris flows, brought immediate threats to people there. The rescue tasks need updated and appropriate information for site selection of emergency refuges and transitional shelters, especially when a city has been destroyed and the original earthquake emergency refuge planning can no

Li Peng; Wu-nian Yang; Pei-fen Pan; Zhi-gang Li; Guo-chao Hu

2010-01-01

121

Networking as a tool for Earth science women to build community and succeed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Skills for Networking and Communication Workshop;Madison, Wisconsin, 4-6 June 2012 Women are often underrepresented in academic positions in Earth sciences (M. A. Holmes and S. O'Connell, Where are the women geoscience professors?, 2004, http://www.eas.unl.edu/˜mholmes/images/Where%20are%20the%20Women%20Geoscientists.pdf), with numbers below the critical mass to induce change and improve conditions. This can lead to lower productivity and a lower success rate for female scientists. However, women can overcome these problems by expanding their networks. (For background and supporting information, see the online supplement to this meeting report (http://www.agu.org/journals/eo/v093/i041/2012EO410011/2012EO410011_suppl.pdf).)

Glessmer, Mirjam S.; Wang, Yiming V.; Kontak, Rose

2012-10-01

122

Language Learning in Sheltered Social Studies Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Language-Content-Task (LCT) framework, which highlights three areas of academic literacy around which teachers organize their sheltered English instruction. Used the LCT framework to examine instruction in middle school social studies classes. (Author/VWL)|

Short, Deborah

2002-01-01

123

Application of Systems Analysis in Sheltered Workshops.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Region 2 Rehabilitation Research Institute at Cornell University recommended that systems analysis be used by the administrators of sheltered workshops in order to allocate resources between rehabilitative and production functions in such a way that o...

W. H. Button

1969-01-01

124

Satellite Sheltered Workshops for Retarded Adults.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1964 the Association for the Help of Retarded Children (AHRC) in New York City initiated a demonstration of extending sheltered employment to satellite branches in Brooklyn and Queens. Clients, referred from the AHRC Training Center in Manhattan were t...

M. Dubrow

1975-01-01

125

Heat Dissipation from Above Ground Shelters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Above ground structures which have been officially designated as fallout shelters pose a number of ventilation problems which require attention to insure that the thermal environment of the protected area will be habitable. The various materials and confi...

J. M. Stephenson

1964-01-01

126

Design of mobile shelters for communication purposes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A general design for a future generation of shelters, to be used as mobile work places, is presented. Design criteria involve ergonomics, functional suitability, and air conditioning. Electronics, power supply, and personnel get their own compartments. Work space is provided for two people with room for two more. Center of mass and cable connections are considered. Air conditioning requirements are calculated with a computer program. The result is an integrated design, applicable to shelters for several purposes.

Lotens, W. A.; Leebeek, H. J.

1982-03-01

127

Software Applications to Access Earth Science Data: Building an ECHO Client  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historically, developing an ECHO (NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) ClearingHOuse) client required interaction with its SOAP API. SOAP, as a framework for web service communication has numerous advantages for Enterprise applications and Java/C# type programming languages. However, as interest has grown for quick development cycles and more intriguing “mashups,” ECHO has seen the SOAP API lose its appeal. In order to address these changing needs, ECHO has introduced two new interfaces facilitating simple access to its metadata holdings. The first interface is built upon the OpenSearch format and ESIP Federated Search framework. The second interface is built upon the Representational State Transfer (REST) architecture. Using the REST and OpenSearch APIs to access ECHO makes development with modern languages much more feasible and simpler. Client developers can leverage the simple interaction with ECHO to focus more of their time on the advanced functionality they are presenting to users. To demonstrate the simplicity of developing with the REST API, participants will be led through a hands-on experience where they will develop an ECHO client that performs the following actions: + Login + Provider discovery + Provider based dataset discovery + Dataset, Temporal, and Spatial constraint based Granule discovery + Online Data Access

Cohen, A.; Cechini, M.; Pilone, D.

2010-12-01

128

The Sombrero Marsh Education Program: Diverse partnerships building strong Earth System science programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Broad-based science education partnerships can create exemplary education programs because each partner brings their particular expertise to the table. The Sombrero Marsh Education Program provides an example of such a program where a school district, a local government agency, a non-profit organization, and an institute of higher learning developed a field-based watershed curriculum for upper elementary students at Sombrero Marsh, a recently restored rare saline marsh located in Boulder Valley. The partners' expertise, ranging from wetland ecology and restoration to pedagogy, yielded a curriculum that includes many of the characteristics that are highlighted within the National Science Education Standards, such as inquiry-based, hands-on activities where students serve as scientists and collect real data that will be used to monitor the progress of marsh restoration. Once established, these diverse partnerships can attract further funding and expand their programs from the local to the national level, thus providing a successful model with a widespread impact. The Sombrero Marsh Program will soon be making this transition because the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), along with 4 other departments of the University of Colorado, was awarded a NSF GK-12 Grant to expand the marsh program to the secondary science level. Using the initial Sombrero Marsh Program as a guide, eight GK-12 Fellows from the departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Geological Sciences, Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, and Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences will develop a secondary science level program at Sombrero Marsh, which initially will be delivered to schools with a significant population of students from under-represented groups. Several dimensions of the marsh program, such as community-based research and ecological sterwardship, can serve as a national model for similar science education programs that aim to promote Earth System science.

Smith, L. K.; Bierbaum, V.

2003-12-01

129

Solar energy utilization in a greenhouse/animal shelter combination  

SciTech Connect

Two greenhouses are being used at Kansas State Univesity to evaluate use of exhaust air from an animal shelter and its effect on greenhouse production. The control greenhouse is attached to the headquarters building and operated conventionally. The experimental house is attached to a swine finishing building and has air handling equipment to introduce hoghouse air to the greenhouse at 680 m/sup 3//h (400 cfm) or 1200 m/sup 3//h (700 cfm) and has a rock storage system with about 1 m/sup 3/ of rock for each 2 m/sup 2/ of greenhouse floor space. Cucumber, tomato, and broccoli plants in the experimental greenhouse have darker green foliage than plants in the control house regardless of nitrogen levels. The fall cucumber study indicated a 31 percent increase in number of marketable fruits from the experimental house. Marketable fruits from the experimental house weighed 40 percent more than those from the control house.

Spillman, C.K.; Greig, J.K.; Johnson, G.A.; Hartford, J.R.; Koch, B.A.; Hines, R.H.

1981-01-01

130

Influence of four tree shelter types on microclimate and seedling ...  

Treesearch

... for their effects on seedling microenvironment and performance of two tree species. ... Summer mean and daily maximum air temperatures were increased by 0.8 °C and ... Shelter color and shelter venting did not influence air temperatures.

131

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE SHELTER HOUSE LOCATED ON THE EAST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF THE SHELTER HOUSE LOCATED ON THE EAST END OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE NORTHEAST AND NORTHWEST WALLS - Big Dalton Dam, Shelter House, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

132

Closeup view of EPA Farm cattle shelter lamp, facing west ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Close-up view of EPA Farm cattle shelter lamp, facing west - Nevada Test Site, Environmental Protection Agency Farm, Shelter Unit Type, Area 15, Yucca Flat, 10-2 Road near Circle Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

133

View of EPA Farm cattle shelter (featuring horse trailer), facing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of EPA Farm cattle shelter (featuring horse trailer), facing northwest - Nevada Test Site, Environmental Protection Agency Farm, Shelter Unit Type, Area 15, Yucca Flat, 10-2 Road near Circle Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

134

3. View of Building 802 from the Guard Shack (Building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. View of Building 802 from the Guard Shack (Building 801), Buildings 800 and 804 beside, facing north. - Naval Air Station Fallon, 100-man Fallout Shelter, 800 Complex, off Carson Road near intersection of Pasture & Berney Roads, Fallon, Churchill County, NV

135

Shelters and their use by fishes on fringing coral reefs.  

PubMed

Coral reef fish density and species richness are often higher at sites with more structural complexity. This association may be due to greater availability of shelters, but surprisingly little is known about the size and density of shelters and their use by coral reef fishes. We quantified shelter availability and use by fishes for the first time on a Caribbean coral reef by counting all holes and overhangs with a minimum entrance diameter ?3 cm in 30 quadrats (25 m(2)) on two fringing reefs in Barbados. Shelter size was highly variable, ranging from 42 cm(3) to over 4,000,000 cm(3), with many more small than large shelters. On average, there were 3.8 shelters m(-2), with a median volume of 1,200 cm(3) and a total volume of 52,000 cm(3) m(-2). The number of fish per occupied shelter ranged from 1 to 35 individual fishes belonging to 66 species, with a median of 1. The proportion of shelters occupied and the number of occupants increased strongly with shelter size. Shelter density and total volume increased with substrate complexity, and this relationship varied among reef zones. The density of shelter-using fish was much more strongly predicted by shelter density and median size than by substrate complexity and increased linearly with shelter density, indicating that shelter availability is a limiting resource for some coral reef fishes. The results demonstrate the importance of large shelters for fish density and support the hypothesis that structural complexity is associated with fish abundance, at least in part, due to its association with shelter availability. This information can help identify critical habitat for coral reef fishes, predict the effects of reductions in structural complexity of natural reefs and improve the design of artificial reefs. PMID:22745664

Ménard, Alexandre; Turgeon, Katrine; Roche, Dominique G; Binning, Sandra A; Kramer, Donald L

2012-06-20

136

1. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH, OF THE NORTH ELEVATION OF BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH, OF THE NORTH ELEVATION OF BUILDING 114. BUILDING 114 SERVED AS THE BUS STOP SHELTER WHEN PERSONAL VEHICLES WERE BANNED ON THE SITE PROPERTY. - Rocky Flats Plant, Bus Stop Shelter, West side of Fourth Street, south of Central Avenue, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

137

A series of novel lanthanide polyoxometalates: condensation of building blocks dependent on the nature of rare earth cations.  

PubMed

A series of novel lanthanide polyoxomolybdates was synthesized by reaction of lanthanide cations with the Anderson type anion (TeMo(6)O(24))(6-). The polyoxometalates K(6n)(TeMo(6)O(24))(n)[(Ln(H(2)O)(7))(2)(TeMo(6)O(24))](n)[middle dot]16nH(2)O (Ln = Eu, Gd) and K(3n)[Ln(H(2)O)(5)(TeMo(6)O(24))](n)[middle dot]6nH(2)O (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) were characterized by X-ray structure analysis, elemental analysis and IR spectroscopy. We found that the solid-state structures of Ln/(TeMo(6)O(24))(6-) compounds are strongly dependent on the lanthanide cations, and therefore represent a rare example for different arrangements of building units depending on the nature of the rare earth cations. While the Eu(3+) and Gd(3+) cations achieve ninefold coordination by seven water molecules and two terminal oxygen atoms of the (TeMo(6)O(24))(6-) anions, the Tb(3+), Dy(3+), Ho(3+) and Er(3+) cations are coordinated by five water molecules, two terminal oxygen atoms and one molybdenum-bridging oxygen atom belonging to the (TeMo(6)O(24))(6-) anion. The europium and gadolinium substituted compounds contain infinite one-dimensional [(Ln(H(2)O)(7))(2)(TeMo(6)O(24))](n) chains; the terbium, dysprosium, holmium and erbium compounds contain infinite one-dimensional [Ln(H(2)O)(5)(TeMo(6)O(24))](n)(3n-) chains. PMID:15249943

Drewes, Daniel; Limanski, Eva Melanie; Krebs, Bernt

2004-06-17

138

The Quandaries of Shelter Reform: An Appraisal of Efforts to \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I describe efforts to manage the capacity of homeless shelter programs in Philadelphia and assess the impact of those efforts on providers and consumers of homeless services. Most reforms have focused on reducing the capacity of the shelter system by reducing the average length of stay of persons in shelter and by providing housing relocation assistance. However,

Dennis P. Culhane

1992-01-01

139

Shelters for Runaway and Homeless Youths: Capacity and Occupancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from a nationally representative sample of shelters for runaway and homeless youths (n=160) were analyzed to determine shelter capacity, occupancy, and occupancy ratios. Analysis focused in particular on occupancy ratios by funding status, shelter size, metropolitan statistical area, season, and day of the week. Results showed a relatively…

Greene, Jody M.; And Others

1997-01-01

140

Shelters for runaway and homeless youths: capacity and occupancy.  

PubMed

Data from a nationally representative sample of shelters for runaway and homeless youths (N = 160) were analyzed to determine shelter capacity, occupancy, and occupancy ratios. Analysis focused in particular on occupancy ratios by funding status, shelter size, metropolitan statistical area (MSA), season, and day of the week. PMID:9218343

Greene, J M; Ringwalt, C L; Iachan, R

141

No place like home: A study of two homeless shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is one of the most pressing social problems today. Society has responded to the problem with the creation of homeless shelters. Yet, the nature of the operation of the shelter is not defined. This study explored the operations of two single adult homeless shelters to understand how they operate in addressing the problem of homelessness. The study identified two

Bruce D. Friedman

1994-01-01

142

Retirement and Tax Shelter Plans for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Congress' proposed revision of the Internal Revenue Code could have a significant impact on the retirement options available to educators. Some retirement and tax shelter plans are reviewed including: Individual Retirement Accounts, Keogh plans, Section 403(b) of the Code, and retirement and estate planning. (MLW)|

Bryan, E. Lewis; Cash, L. Stephen

1986-01-01

143

The Financial Structure of Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first section of this report provides descriptive information about the financial structure of a sample of sheltered workshops (n=123) in terms of the variety of their sources of income and their expenses during fiscal year 1966. The relationship between differences in financial structure and other organizational characteristics is examined in…

Kimberly, John R.

144

Storage Stability of Civil Defense Shelter Rations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the final summary report in a study of the stability of representative types of Civil Defense shelter foods and their containers when stored for extended periods. The purpose of the study was to maintain controlled storage conditions covering the ...

S. R. Cecil

1971-01-01

145

Homeless Housing: HUD's Shelter Programs. Updated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly discusses new housing programs for the homeless sponsored by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the funding provided by the 100th Congress, and two additional HUD programs to aid the homeless. The following four programs are discussed: (1) the Emergency Shelter Program; (2) the Transitional Housing Program,…

Vanhorenbeck, Susan M.

146

Sheltered Employment for Persons with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across nations, sheltered workshops for people with disabilities follow several models: therapeutic (protection vs. employee status), intermediate (disabled worker as "quasi-employee"), mixed/dual, and wage employment (protection and labor legislation). Impairment should present no insurmountable obstacle to integration into working life. (SK)

Visier, Laurent

1998-01-01

147

Sheltered Workshops; A Handbook. Revised Edition 1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Source material for the establishment and maintenance of sheltered workshop programs is arranged in chronological order. Aspects described include planning considerations, how to get started, program of services, operating the workshop, personnel, state and federal labor laws, workshop standards, and the future of the workshop. Appendixes provide…

National Association of Sheltered Workshops and Homebound Programs, Inc., Washington, DC.

148

The Sheltered Workshop Dilemma: Reform, or Replacement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sheltered workshops for severely disabled persons should be reformed to emphasize job placement, transition to more independent work environments, and retraining and replacement of workshop staff. A national policy on the employment of disabled persons focusing on supported employment, least restrictive work environments, and career development is…

Whitehead, Claude W.

1986-01-01

149

Sheltered Workshops: Financial and Philosophical Liabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sheltered workshops are asserted to be failing to provide mentally retarded clients with appropriate work experiences because of low wage rates, unavailability of work, changing industrial forecasts for blue collar employment, financial dependence, tax returns, segregation, and normalization issues. (Author/DB)

Schuster, John W.

1990-01-01

150

Selling to Industry for Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for staffs of sheltered workshops for handicapped individuals, the guide presents a plan for selling the workshop idea to industry, hints on meeting obstacles, and ideas for expanding and upgrading workshop contract promotion. Brief sections cover the following topics (example subtopics are in parentheses): finding work contract…

Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.

151

Homeless Housing: HUD's Shelter Programs. Updated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper briefly discusses new housing programs for the homeless sponsored by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the funding provided by the 100th Congress, and two additional HUD programs to aid the homeless. The following four programs are discussed: (1) the Emergency Shelter Program; (2) the Transitional Housing Program,…

Vanhorenbeck, Susan M.

152

Selling to Industry for Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for staffs of sheltered workshops for handicapped individuals, the guide presents a plan for selling the workshop idea to industry, hints on meeting obstacles, and ideas for expanding and upgrading workshop contract promotion. Brief sections cover the following topics (example subtopics are in parentheses): finding work contract prospects…

Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.

153

Development of an extense atmospheric scene database with the 3-D Monte-Carlo EarthCARE Simulator to build 3 along-track views angular dependence models in the framework of ESA EarthCARE Mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the main error sources when measuring the Earth Radiation Budget ERB is the lack of knowledge of the anisotropy of the observed scene radiance field Major efforts have been made over the last 25 years to build and improve Angular Dependence Models ADMs that account for this anisotropy thus allowing to retrieve flux measurements with the desired accuracy ADMs are required to carry out radiance-to-flux conversions they can be derived directly from satellite data along the course of a mission if directional sampling of radiances is sufficient to infer flux estimates Because the EarthCARE-BBR Broadband radiometer instrument lacks sufficient angular sampling an alternate approach was explored to derive a set of ADMs using TOA radiances and fluxes that were simulated by the Monte-Carlo photon transport algorithm in the EarthCARE Simulator To replace the lack of satellite information more than 200 000 detailed 3-D atmospheric scenes were defined They took into account foreseen specific orbital constraints five different land surface types and the ocean surface with four different wind speed conditions with corresponding atmospheric surface cloudy interrelated conditions including a fine aerosol cloud classification and discretisation The simulations were processed on the Grid on-Demand ESA-ESRIN interface more than 100 CPUs as well as on their Centre Nazionale di Ricerca CNR associated cluster 16 nodes grid cluster with 4 CPUs each The EarthCARE-BBR makes measurements at nadir and in the along-track direction at

Lopez-Baeza, E.; Domenech, C.; Barker, H. W.; Bouvet, M.; Donovan, D.; Velazquez, A.

154

Quantifying the shelter rabbit population: an analysis of Massachusetts and Rhode Island animal shelters.  

PubMed

Scholarly work on the nonhuman animal shelter population has widely focused on cats and dogs. As a result, little is known about the population dynamics of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in shelters. The records from 4 companion animal shelters in Massachusetts and Rhode Island were analyzed to describe these dynamics. A majority of the rabbits at the 4 shelters were surrendered by their caregivers, were between 1 and 6 years old, and were unaltered at the time of intake. The most common reasons for surrender were the caregivers' inability to care for the rabbits or a lack of interest in doing so. Over half of the total rabbit population was subsequently adopted and the overall live release rate (percentage of rabbits leaving the shelter alive) was 75.54%. In some cases, the use of a foster care system was correlated with a decrease in the euthanasia rate. The results from this study will help the sheltering field clarify the scope of the problem of homeless rabbits. PMID:23009621

Cook, Amelia J; McCobb, Emily

2012-01-01

155

Effectiveness of expedient sheltering in place in a residence.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of expedient sheltering in place in a residence for protection against airborne hazards, as outlined in the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) guidance to the public. An improved method was developed to determine the air flow rate for a shelter inside a house. Expedient sheltering measures (plastic sheeting and duct tape) were applied to a room inside a test house by participants who followed the DHS guidance. Measured air flow rates were used to determine protection factors for various scenarios. Protection factors were calculated for the house and shelter under various occupancy times, weather conditions, and outdoor exposure times for hazardous agents. Protection factors ranged from 1.3 to 539, depending on the conditions. Results indicate that proper sealing can make a substantial difference in the effectiveness of the shelter. Sheltering in place can be most beneficial if people enter shelters before the arrival of a cloud of hazardous agent, and people exit shelters as soon as the cloud passes over. However, sheltering in place can be detrimental if people enter or exit shelters too late. CO2 and O2 concentrations inside the shelter are not likely to reach dangerous levels under most scenarios, but concentrations could reach dangerous levels under certain conditions, and concentration levels could affect individuals with respiratory problems. PMID:15752846

Jetter, James J; Whitfield, Calvin

2005-03-17

156

A wire-frame shelter for collecting resting mosquitoes.  

PubMed

Collecting resting mosquitoes is important for studies of the bloodfeeding patterns of medically important mosquitoes. We developed a novel resting shelter, called a wire-frame resting shelter, for collecting resting mosquitoes and evaluated its efficacy at sites in Alabama and the Florida Panhandle. The shelter is made of a 1 x 2-m section of galvanized metal-wire field fencing rolled into a cylinder and placed inside a heavy-duty black plastic bag. In the field evaluation, the wire-frame shelters were comparable to other artificial resting shelters (trash cans) in the number of Culex (Melanoconion) females collected. While a number of other resting shelter designs are available, the wire-frame shelter has a number of beneficial attributes, including being easily assembled in the field, lightweight, inexpensive, and easily modified. PMID:21805849

Burkett-Cadena, Nathan D

2011-06-01

157

Electron spin resonance dating of human teeth from Toca da Santa shelter of São Raimundo Nonato, Piauí, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results of the dating of fossil human teeth excavated from a shelter in the surroundings areas of the Serra da Capivara National Park, São Raimundo Nonato, Piauí, Brazil are presented. This shelter was partially excavated to search for more data that could improve the archaeological context of the Garrincho’s limestone hill sites, where the Toca do Gordo do Garrincho shelter provided two human teeth dated by conventional C-14 in (12,170 ± 40) yBP (years before present) and calibrated age (2 Sigma, 95% probability) 15,245 14,690 yBP (Beta 136204) [E. Peyre, C. Guérin, N. Guidon, I. Coppens, CR Acad. Sci. Paris, Sciences de la terre et des planètes/ Earth & Planetary Sciences 327 (1998) 335, [1

Kinoshita, A.; Figueiredo, A. M. G.; Felice, G. D.; Lage, M. C. S. M.; Guidon, N.; Baffa, O.

2008-02-01

158

Vulnerability Assessment of Shelters in the Eastern Caribbean: Retrofitting Terms of Reference for Consultants, Standards, [and] Global Estimates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dozens of natural disaster shelters (mostly schools) in five Caribbean islands were assessed as to their vulnerability and the needed retrofitting to upgrade them. This report provides retrofit consultants with terms of reference and building design criteria for withstanding various natural disasters, as well as estimated global costs of various…

Gibbs, Tony

159

The role of PTSD and length of shelter stay in battered women's severity of re-abuse after leaving shelter  

PubMed Central

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is associated with significant morbidity, including high rates of re-abuse even after women have taken steps to achieve safety. This study evaluated the roles of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and length of shelter stay in the severity of re-abuse in 103 IPV victims over a six month period after leaving a battered women’s shelter. Results suggest that the length of shelter stay is inversely related to re-abuse severity after leaving shelter. Additionally, more severe PTSD symptoms upon shelter exit were associated with greater re-abuse severity after leaving shelter. Furthermore, additional study findings support prior research suggesting that the emotional numbing symptoms of PTSD are a significant risk factor for re-abuse among IPV victims after leaving shelter.

Perez, Sara; Johnson, Dawn M.; Johnson, Nicole; Walter, Kristen H.

2012-01-01

160

Lunar Lava Tubes as Prepared Emergency Shelters.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

If Lunar lava tubes were mapped from orbit and robotically explored their could be supplies for potentially used emergency depots. This occurs in the Antarctic. Lava tubes are hollowed out tubes where ancient lava flowed through and left a tunnel. A major problem of their use is the entering and egress. These might have to be excavated robotically. Lava tubes have been proposed to be used as shelters on the Moon before but supplies could be cached in areas potentially traversed in case of an emergency during a surface traverse. These supplies would be protected from some radiation would be fully protected from micrometeorites and theoretically could be left indefinitely. It has been proposed that they be used as shelters but to the authors knowledge it has not been proposed that they be used as cache and emergency depots.

Mardon, Austin; Nichol, Kenneth; Mardon, Austin

161

Earth Structures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web guide explores several natural phenomena that are constantly changing the face of the Earth. These geologic forces not only impact the physical features of our planet but ultimately affect the biosphere in a dramatic way. Historically, the changes have ranged from gradual (such as with the process of mountain building) to the spontaneous (such as with seismic events).

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

2005-04-01

162

International Directory of Building Research Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this often fractious world, all nations share the needs for buildings and facilities of physical infrastructure to shelter and productively support the activities of their people. Everyone strives to improve the quality of their lives, and so these nee...

1989-01-01

163

Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant - An Overview of the Current Efforts to Stabilize the Chornobyl Shelter and Establish an Environmentally Safe Site  

SciTech Connect

Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant ? An Overview of the Current Efforts to Stabilize the Chornobyl Shelter and Establish an Environmentally Safe Site Abstract?The 1986 accident at the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine resulted in the destruction of the reactor core and most of the reactor building. The Chornobyl accident released an enormous quantity of radionuclides into the environment, significantly contaminating a large region around the plant. Within seven months of the accident, the damaged Unit 4 was encased in a massive concrete and steel enclosure known as the Shelter. Deterioration of the Shelter over time poses increasing risks. The Shelter is subject to structural damage or collapse due to wind, snow loading, or seismic activity. Collapse could lead to the release of radioactive fallout. Leakage of rainwater into the Shelter has caused the accumulation of a large quantity of highly radioactive liquid, corrosion of extremely contaminated nuclear fuel debris, and creation of hazardous radioactive dust. To address these concerns, the government of Ukraine, the G7 nations, and additional donor countries adopted the Shelter Implementation Plan (SIP) in 1997. The SIP's objectives are to reduce the risk and potential consequences of accidental collapse of the Shelter; improve nuclear, industrial and environmental safety; and develop a long-term strategy for conversion to an environmentally safe site. Implementation of the SIP has made significant progress that will lead to the construction of a new confinement facility by 2009. (Full paper available by contacting lead author, Dan Couch)

Couch, Daniel P.; Gronier, Serge; Heriot, Ian D.; Hogg, Charles; Novak, Vince; Schmieman, Eric A.

2005-08-08

164

Modeling shelter-in-place including sorption on indoor surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Intentional or accidental large-scale airborne toxic releases (e.g. terrorist attacks or industrial accidents) can cause severe harm to nearby communities. As part of an emergency response plan, shelter-in-place (SIP) can be an effective response option, especially when evacuation is infeasible. Reasonably tight building envelopes provide some protection against exposure to peak concentrations when toxic release passes over an area. They also provide some protection in terms of cumulative exposure, if SIP is terminated promptly after the outdoor plume has passed. The purpose of this work is to quantify the level of protection offered by existing houses, and the importance of sorption/desorption to and from surfaces on the effectiveness of SIP. We examined a hypothetical chlorine gas release scenario simulated by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC). We used a standard infiltration model to calculate the distribution of time dependent infiltration rates within each census tract. Large variation in the air tightness of dwellings makes some houses more protective than others. Considering only the median air tightness, model results showed that if sheltered indoors, the total population intake of non-sorbing toxic gas is only 50% of the outdoor level 4 hours from the start of the release. Based on a sorption/desorption model by Karlsson and Huber (1996), we calculated that the sorption process would further lower the total intake of the population by an additional 50%. The potential benefit of SIP can be considerably higher if the comparison is made in terms of health effects because of the non-linear acute effect dose-response curve of many chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial substances.

Chan, Wanyu R.; Price, Phillip N.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Nazaroff, William W.; Loosmore, Gwen A.; Sugiyama, Gayle A.

2003-11-01

165

Sheltering patterns and utilization following the 2007 southern California wildfires.  

PubMed

The 2007 southern California wildfires resulted in over 500,000 residents being displaced. A team from Johns Hopkins University and the American Red Cross surveyed 163 families at shelters and local assistance centers during the disaster. The responses were used to evaluate the needs and movement patterns of a displaced population. The data were also used to determine the risk factors associated with needing sheltering. There is a lower than expected reliance on public shelters, and displaced persons move frequently. PMID:19522129

Kirsch, Thomas D; Jenkins, J Lee; Sauer, Lauren M; Hsieh, Yu-Hsiang; Calvello, Emilie; Hsu, Edbert

166

Shelter Poverty: The Chronic Crisis of Housing Affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines housing affordability in the United States over the past three decades using the author’s concept of “shelter poverty.” The major findings are as follows: The number of shelter-poor households has been over 30 million since the early 1990s, an increase of more than 70 percent since 1970. Among families with children, rates of shelter poverty are much

Michael E. Stone

2004-01-01

167

The German Earth observation programme: building on the success of TerraSAR-X and RapidEye  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In addition to five years of routine operations of SCIAMACHY on-board of ESA's ENVISAT mission, the launches of the TerraSAR-X and RapidEye missions and the beginning of both their operational phases are the major milestones for the German Space Programme in 2007 and 2008. These two missions will contribute significantly to the European GMES-Initiative and to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) and enhance the knowledge about state and dynamics of the Earth's system. Both missions are implemented under public-private-partnership between government and industry, an innovative economic scheme for space mission implementation. With the TanDEM-X and the Hyperspectral EnMAP mission this efficient way of sharing competences, costs and responsibilities on one hand and benefits on the other hand will be further followed. In addition, with MetImage Germany started the development of an imaging radiometer for the European post-EPS satellite system of EUMETSAT. These five attractive missions are important contributions of the German Earth Observation Community to the global system. This investment underlines the political objective of Europe and Germany to advance the environmental agenda. In parallel technology developments for next generation Earth Observation instruments have started, namely High Resolution Wide Swath SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar), IR detectors and coolers, optical components and mechanisms for LEO and GEO and high power Mixed Garnet laser transmitters for LIDAR (Light Detecting and Ranging) applications. With these activities Germany will be able to provide future Earth Observation missions with suitable technologies as an answer to the increasing complexity of user requirements. In this paper the objectives and the strategy of the German Earth Observation Programme will be explained and the main elements, i.e. missions and technology developments as well as the plans for the future will be introduced.

Schaadt, Peter

2007-10-01

168

Environmental sampling for Salmonella spp. in Colorado animal shelters.  

PubMed

Salmonella enterica is an important zoonotic agent and nosocomial infections and epidemics have occurred in animal facilities. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Salmonella in the environment in animal shelters. From 12 to 25 samples were taken from each shelter to represent environmental contamination. Samples were collected from surfaces in areas used by animals and in public access areas including animal receiving rooms, kennels, paediatric wards, treatment, visitation rooms, isolation, euthanasia, outdoor runs and play areas, reception rooms, animal transport vehicles, offices, break rooms and restrooms. Samples were tested for Salmonella and compared within shelters to identify high- and low-risk areas; and between shelters to identify differences in environmental contamination by geographical location, infection control policies, and shelter size characteristics. Twenty-eight per cent of sampled Colorado shelters had environmental Salmonella contamination. Two regions in the eastern 1/3 of the state had prevalences of 30% and 100%. Within-shelter sample prevalence ranged from 0 to 100%. Results of this study indicate that animal shelters can be frequently contaminated with Salmonella spp., a variety of Salmonella species may be present, contamination can be widespread within a facility and recovered isolates may harbour antibiotic resistance The findings from this study may influence and help focus educational policy on issues of infection control and zoonotic disease awareness in animal shelters. PMID:21083828

Steneroden, K K; Hill, A E; Salman, M D

2010-11-18

169

OVERHILLS GOLF COURSE LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM SPECTATOR SHELTER BACK UP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OVERHILLS GOLF COURSE LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM SPECTATOR SHELTER BACK UP FAIRWAY #1 - Overhills, Fort Bragg Military Reservation, Approximately 15 miles NW of Fayetteville, Overhills, Harnett County, NC

170

FLAGPOLE CIRCLE, WITH COMMITTAL SHELTER, ROSTRUM AND GETTYSBURG ADDRESS MONUMENT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FLAGPOLE CIRCLE, WITH COMMITTAL SHELTER, ROSTRUM AND GETTYSBURG ADDRESS MONUMENT IN LEFT BACKGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Alexandria National Cemetery, 209 East Shamrock Street, Pineville, Rapides Parish, LA

171

Underground buildings: energy savers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Underground or earth-covered buildings can save energy because the earth moderates the temperatures to which a structure is subjected. Smaller mechanical heating and cooling systems are required using less energy. Life-cycle costs and payback periods do not always favor buildings underground, however. Open excavation costs and a greater roof strength or thickness can increase building costs over conventional buildings. One

Bartos; M. J. Jr

1979-01-01

172

From Suns to Life: A Chronological Approach to the History of Life on Earth 4. Building of a Habitable Planet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Except the old Jack Hills zircon crystals, it does not exit direct record of the first 500 Ma of the Earth history. Consequently, the succession of events that took place during this period is only indirectly known through geochemistry, comparison with other telluric planets, and numerical modelling. Just after planetary accretion several episodes were necessary in order to make life apparition and development possible and to make the Earth surface habitable. Among these stages are: the core differentiation, the formation of a magma ocean, the apparition of the first atmosphere, oceans and continents as well as the development of magnetic field and of plate tectonics. In the same time, Earth has been subject to extraterrestrial events such as the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB) between 3.95 and 3.8 Ga. Since 4.4 4.3 Ga, the conditions for pre-biotic chemistry and appearance of life were already met (liquid water, continental crust, no strong meteoritic bombardment, etc...). This does not mean that life existed as early, but this demonstrates that all necessary conditions assumed for life development were already present on Earth.

Martin, Hervé; Albarède, Francis; Claeys, Philippe; Gargaud, Muriel; Marty, Bernard; Morbidelli, Alessandro; Pinti, Daniele L.

2006-06-01

173

The Effects of Hands-On Learning Stations on Building American Elementary Teachers' Understanding about Earth and Space Science Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on conceptual change indicates that not only children, but also teachers have incomplete understanding or misconceptions on science concepts. This mixed methods study was concerned with in-service teachers' understanding of four earth and space science concepts taught in elementary school: reason for seasons, phases of the moon, rock…

Bulunuz, Nermin; Jarrett, Olga S.

2010-01-01

174

Application of Systems Analysis to Sheltered Workshops. Organization and Administration of Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a set of concepts which have been developed for the analysis of the organization and administrative problems which confront sheltered workshops. The concept of systems analysis is introduced to examine the activities of the workshop and to indicate the manner in which the conceptual framework developed may be applied to…

Button, William H.

175

45 CFR 1627.7 - Tax sheltered annuities, retirement accounts and pensions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Tax sheltered annuities, retirement accounts and pensions. ...Tax sheltered annuities, retirement accounts and pensions. ...recipient on behalf of its employees for the purpose of contributing...a tax sheltered annuity, retirement account, or pension...

2012-10-01

176

38 CFR 21.144 - Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility...144 Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility... A vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation...

2013-07-01

177

38 CFR 21.144 - Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility...144 Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility... A vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation...

2010-07-01

178

38 CFR 21.144 - Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility...144 Vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation facility... A vocational course in a sheltered workshop or rehabilitation...

2009-07-01

179

Pet overpopulation: data and measurement issues in shelters.  

PubMed

Data collection and analysis within animal shelters are critical to developing effective programs that reduce the number of dogs and cats euthanized each year. However, current data collection efforts are insufficient to identify the magnitude, dynamics, or root causes of euthanasia in animal shelters across the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine potential solutions to the underlying root causes of pet overpopulation, with 2 elements. The first, more explicit goal was to establish a baseline of shelter data, policies, and viewpoints through a detailed survey of 186 shelters, 12 site visits, and numerous interviews. The findings suggest large variation in local issues faced by shelters, as well as a nearly universal focus on sterilization as a solution. The greater objective, however, was to use this information as an impetus to improve the process by which shelters amalgamate information and effectively use it to target the most pressing needs within their communities. We believe the essential step is to provide shelters with an analytical tool that would yield informational benefits exceeding the cost of data collection. Such an improvement would have a positive spillover effect on researchers, donors, and others attempting to collect standardized, geographically scalable data. This article presents an overview of the survey findings, as well as a prototype of a tool to help improve data amalgamation and analysis efforts within shelters. PMID:16363935

Wenstrup, J; Dowidchuk, A

1999-01-01

180

Sheltered Instruction: Best Practices for ELLs in the Mainstream  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many schools and school districts are implementing sheltered instruction to help serve the needs of English Language Learners (ELLs) in mainstream content-area classes. Sheltered instruction is a research-based instructional framework that provides clear and accessible content and academic language to ELLs in pre-K-12 grade-level classes.…

Hansen-Thomas, Holly

2008-01-01

181

DEVELOPMENT OF A LIGHTWEIGHT, PORTABLE, RECYCLABLE EMERGENCY SHELTER UNIT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year thousands of Americans are left homeless by natural disasters. In addition, thousands more are permanently homeless, living on our cities streets and parks. When homelessness occurs, emergency agencies like the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the American Red Cross are often tasked with providing emergency shelter for these unfortunate individuals. Unfortunately, the current system of supplying shelter is

Gene Farmer; Ronald A. Baier; Suneetha Mallikarjuna

182

Lessons Learned: A "Homeless Shelter Intervention" by a Medical Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors explored the process of implementing a medical student-initiated program designed to provide computerized mental health screening, referral, and education in a homeless shelter. Method: An educational program was designed to teach homeless shelter staff about psychiatric disorders and culturally-informed treatment…

Owusu, Yasmin; Kunik, Mark; Coverdale, John; Shah, Asim; Primm, Annelle; Harris, Toi

2012-01-01

183

25 CFR 11.1004 - Detention and shelter care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Detention and shelter care. 11.1004 Section 11.1004...11.1004 Detention and shelter care. (a) A minor alleged to be...in the following places: (1) A foster care facility approved by the...

2013-04-01

184

SHELTER COMPETITION BETWEEN TWO INVASIVE CRAYFISH SPECIES: A LABORATORY STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alien crayfishes represent a common threat to aquatic ecosystems. Their spread in Europe is leading to more frequent contacts between different invasive species populations. Shelter can be an important factor in the resulting interactions. A laboratory experiment was designed to analyse the competition for shelter in similarly sized males of two species that show an invasive behaviour in Spain, Pacifastacus

F. ALONSO; R. MARTÍNEZ

2006-01-01

185

Work Skills Training with Chronic Schizophrenic Sheltered Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The applicability of a skills training approach toward increasing the productivity of chronic schizophrenic sheltered workers was examined. Thirty hospitalized schizophrenics attending an inpatient sheltered workshop were assigned to either work skills training (WST) or a standard treatment control group. Work skills training was provided in twice weekly 90-minute sessions for six weeks. Work skills training yielded significant increases in

Arthur W. Sauter; Jeffrey S. Nevid

1991-01-01

186

Comparison of Sheltered and Supported Work Programs: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares two random samples of developmentally disabled workers, one from sheltered workshops, the other from a supported work program, in terms of client characteristics, program effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and job satisfaction. Suggests that the sheltered workshop program was more effective than the supported work program in terms of the…

Lam, Chow S.

1986-01-01

187

Domestic Violence Shelters as Prevention Agents for HIV/AIDS?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reports findings from a pilot study of 21 domestic violence shelters in a southwestern state in the United States. The survey instrument included descriptive information on shelter service delivery. Specifically, questions were asked about the practice of assessing a client's risk of HIV/AIDS, the provision of HIV/AIDS educational and…

Rountree, Michele A.; Pomeroy, Elizabeth C.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.

2008-01-01

188

Overcoming Educational Disadvantage: Shelter Initiatives for Homeless Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project addresses the challenges confronting children living in Massachusetts homeless shelters, with particular attention to these youths’ education as well as the services that family shelters provide to support their academic achievement. With 1.35 million homeless children living in the United States each year (“How Many People Experience Homelessness?”, 2009), it is imperative that this population receives a quality

Diana DeMont

2012-01-01

189

HOPE for Battered Women With PTSD in Domestic Violence Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do you feel overwhelmed when attempting to treat battered women with ongoing safety concerns? Could battered women in shelters benefit from psychotherapy in addition to the case management they traditionally receive? What type of treatment would be most beneficial for battered women in shelters? Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most prevalent disorder associated with intimate partner violence (IPV). PTSD

Dawn M. Johnson; Caron Zlotnick

2009-01-01

190

Domestic Violence Shelters as Prevention Agents for HIV/AIDS?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article reports findings from a pilot study of 21 domestic violence shelters in a southwestern state in the United States. The survey instrument included descriptive information on shelter service delivery. Specifically, questions were asked about the practice of assessing a client's risk of HIV/AIDS, the provision of HIV/AIDS educational and…

Rountree, Michele A.; Pomeroy, Elizabeth C.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.

2008-01-01

191

Earth Rocks!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this lesson is to introduce students to the basic elements of our Earth's crust: rocks, soils and minerals. They learn how we categorize rocks, soils and minerals and how they are literally the foundation for our civilization. Students also explore how engineers use rocks, soils and minerals to create the buildings, roads, vehicles, electronics, chemicals, and other objects we use to enhance our lives.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

192

Applying Motivational Interviewing in a Domestic Violence Shelter: A Pilot Study Evaluating the Training of Shelter Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study examined the use of motivational interviewing (MI) with 20 women receiving services at a domestic violence shelter. The experimental group (n = 10) received regular treatment services (RTS) from shelter counselors who were trained in MI; the control group (n = 10) received RTS only. Fisher's exact test showed that participants who received MI-enhanced RTS were significantly

Lucinda A. Rasmussen; Margaret J. Hughes; Colleen A. Murray

2008-01-01

193

Sheltered Workshop Study. A Nationwide Report on Sheltered Workshops and Their Employment of Handicapped Individuals. Statistical Appendix to Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the statistical appendix to the Department of Labor's survey of sheltered workshop programs for handicapped persons. Included are 198 tables on such aspects as regional distribution of sheltered workshops and clients, client capacity of workshops, clients not accepted for workshop services, capital investment in plant and equipment,…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

194

Sleeping RoughExploring the Differences Between Shelter-Using and Non-Shelter-Using Homeless Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has revealed that homeless individuals are not a homogenous group of individuals but are members of distinct subpopulations united by a common need for shelter. Very little research has been done to understand the subpopulation of homeless individuals that opt to avoid using homeless shelters and prefer “sleeping rough.” Using a case control study design, this article compares the

Larissa Larsen; Ernie Poortinga; Donna E. Hurdle

2004-01-01

195

The need and potential for building a integrated knowledge-base of the Earth-Human system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The pursuit of scientific understanding is increasingly based on interdisciplinary research. To understand more deeply the planet and its interactions requires a progressively more holistic approach, exploring knowledge coming from all scientific and engineering disciplines including but not limited to, biology, chemistry, computer sciences, geosciences, material sciences, mathematics, physics, cyberinfrastucture, and social sciences. Nowhere is such an approach more critical than in the study of global climate change in which one of the major challenges is the development of next-generation Earth System Models that include coupled and interactive representations of ecosystems, agricultural working lands and forests, urban environments, biogeochemistry, atmospheric chemistry, ocean and atmospheric currents, the water cycle, land ice, and human activities.

Jacobs, Clifford

2011-03-01

196

Bench seating in northwest corner of the building Fitzsimons ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Bench seating in northwest corner of the building - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Golf Course Waiting Shelter, Southwest area of Golf Course, 700 feet Northeast of intersection of West Harlow Avenue & Peoria Street, Aurora, Adams County, CO

197

East and north sides of building Fitzsimons General Hospital, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

East and north sides of building - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Golf Course Waiting Shelter, Southwest area of Golf Course, 700 feet Northeast of intersection of West Harlow Avenue & Peoria Street, Aurora, Adams County, CO

198

Front (west side) and south side of building Fitzsimons ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Front (west side) and south side of building - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Golf Course Waiting Shelter, Southwest area of Golf Course, 700 feet Northeast of intersection of West Harlow Avenue & Peoria Street, Aurora, Adams County, CO

199

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, May ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, May 16, 1935 BATH HOUSE AND WELL SHELTER IN REAR YARD. - McDonald-Smartt House, 315 North Randolph Street, Eufaula, Barbour County, AL

200

Buildings and Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earthquakes happen when forces in the Earth cause violent shaking of the ground. Earthquakes can be very destructive to buildings and other man-made structures. Design and build various types of buildings, then test your buildings for earthquake resistance using a shake table and a force sensor that measures how hard a force pushes or pulls your building.

Consortium, The C.

2012-05-21

201

Uniformity of Leaf Shelter Construction by Larvae of Epargyreus clarus (Hesperiidae), the Silver-Spotted Skipper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larvae of the silver-spotted skipper, Epargyreus clarus (Hesperiidae), construct shelters from leaves of their leguminous host plants, making four distinct shelter types that change predictably over larval ontogeny. Shelters built by first-instar larvae are located on the apical half of the leaflet and are almost invariant in size, shape, and orientation, suggesting a stereotypical process of shelter location and construction.

Martha R. Weiss; Eric M. Lind; Meg T. Jones; Jeremy D. Long; Jennifer L. Maupin

2003-01-01

202

Civil defense shelters: a state-of-the-art assessment - 1986. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on the design, construction, testing, and cost of blast and fallout shelters was reviewed, and a bibliography of over 1000 documents was assembled. It was found that nuclear weapon effects and shelter design are well understood. The principal technical barrier to construction of permanent shelters is cost. Single-purpose blast shelters cost in the high hundreds to low thousands

C. V. Chester; G. P. Zimmerman

1986-01-01

203

Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant - An Overview of the Current Efforts to Stabilize the Chornobyl Shelter and Establish an Environmentally Safe Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant ? An Overview of the Current Efforts to Stabilize the Chornobyl Shelter and Establish an Environmentally Safe Site Abstract?The 1986 accident at the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine resulted in the destruction of the reactor core and most of the reactor building. The Chornobyl accident released an enormous quantity of radionuclides into the environment, significantly

Daniel P. Couch; Serge Gronier; Ian D. Heriot; Charles Hogg; Vince Novak; Eric A. Schmieman

2005-01-01

204

An interdisciplinary network for young scholars in Earth System Science: building bridges between developing and developed countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programmes' Analysis, Integration and Modeling of the Earth System (IGBP/AIMES) project Young Scholar's Network (YSN) ist o promote communication and collaboration across disparate geography and disciplines to best meet the emerging challenges in global change science. A primary goal of the YSN is to foster cross-disciplinary collaborations between the natural sciences and scholars studying the human dimensions and discuss ways to provide relevant research findings for decision-makers. We emphasize including scientists from a diverse set of countries, as many countries are impacting and will impact climate change. We focus on young scientists as the integrators. Our most recent workshop focused on modeling land use decision making and included scientists from X (need to fine) countries. The goal of the workshop was to synthesize existing literature, propose a framework for discussing urban interactions to the global biogeochemical cycles, discuss gaps in our scientific understanding and literature and propose solutions to bridge those gaps.

Scholze, M.; Mahowald, N.; Hibbard, K.

2007-12-01

205

Earth Charter Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earth Charter is a declaration of fundamental principles for building a just, sustainable, and peaceful global society in the 21st century. The principles of the Earth Charter reflect extensive international consultations conducted over a period of many years. These principles are also based upon contemporary science, international law, and the insights of philosophy and religion.

2007-09-28

206

50. Stream gaging station in steelpipe well and shelter, looking ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

50. Stream gaging station in steel-pipe well and shelter, looking west. Photo by Robin Lee Tedder, Puget Power, 1989. - Puget Sound Power & Light Company, White River Hydroelectric Project, 600 North River Avenue, Dieringer, Pierce County, WA

207

Facilitating a Collaborative Partnership with a Homeless Shelter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing faculty initiated a partnership with a homeless shelter through which nursing students experienced community nursing and health promotion. Lessons learned from partnership development included the importance of ongoing dialogue and negotiation and clarification of expectations and responsibilities. (SK)

Snyder, Marsha D.; Weyer, Mary E.

2002-01-01

208

1. GENERAL VIEW OF SAND HOUSE, TANK AND CAR SHELTER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL VIEW OF SAND HOUSE, TANK AND CAR SHELTER LOOKING NORTHWEST. MINE CARS IN FOREGROUND. - Eureka No. 40, Sand House & Tank, East of State Route 56, North of Little Paint Creek, Scalp Level, Cambria County, PA

209

9 CFR 3.77 - Sheltered housing facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...lighting cycle of either natural or artificial light. Lighting must be uniformly...nonhuman primates from excessive light. (d) Shelter from the...

2010-01-01

210

9 CFR 3.3 - Sheltered housing facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...lighting cycle of either natural or artificial light. Lighting must be uniformly...the dogs and cats from excessive light. (d) Shelter from the...

2009-01-01

211

Efficacy of bomb shelters: With lessons from the Hamburg firestorm  

SciTech Connect

Shelters for protection against the effects of nuclear weapons are often stated to be useless, largely because of firestorms. Recent models purport to show that nuclear weapons are more likely to cause firestorms than previously thought. These controversial models are based on uncertain assumptions, which are difficult or impossible to test. Regardless of the predictive validity of fire models, conclusions about the ability of shelters to protect their occupants against firestorms, if they occur, are based primarily on historical experience. A review of the original data from the Hamburg firestorm shows that almost all persons in adequate shelters survived, contradicting a currently prevailing belief that all died. The results of the strategic bombing during World War II and of nuclear weapons tests show that a considerable level of population protection can be achieved through attention to proper shelter design.

Lucas, K.A.; Orient, J.M.; Robinson, A.; Maccabee, H.; Morris, P.; Looney, G.; Klinghoffer, M. (Good Samaritan Hospital, Phoenix, AZ (USA))

1990-07-01

212

Efficacy of bomb shelters: with lessons from the Hamburg firestorm.  

PubMed

Shelters for protection against the effects of nuclear weapons are often stated to be useless, largely because of firestorms. Recent models purport to show that nuclear weapons are more likely to cause firestorms than previously thought. These controversial models are based on uncertain assumptions, which are difficult or impossible to test. Regardless of the predictive validity of fire models, conclusions about the ability of shelters to protect their occupants against firestorms, if they occur, are based primarily on historical experience. A review of the original data from the Hamburg firestorm shows that almost all persons in adequate shelters survived, contradicting a currently prevailing belief that all died. The results of the strategic bombing during World War II and of nuclear weapons tests show that a considerable level of population protection can be achieved through attention to proper shelter design. PMID:2196693

Lucas, K A; Orient, J M; Robinson, A; Maccabee, H; Morris, P; Looney, G; Klinghoffer, M

1990-07-01

213

Lighting Small-Shelter Interiors: Criteria and an Example.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report gives lighting criteria and lighting-system design methods for illuminating small-shelter interiors effectively. It summarizes the amounts of light (quantity) currently recommended for representative visual tasks, as well as the practices for c...

G. L. Kurtz

1965-01-01

214

170. View of large trail shelter built for the United ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

170. View of large trail shelter built for the United States Forest Service by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1938 on Craggy Knob. Facing northwest. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

215

Pricing Practices of Sheltered Workshops vs. Open Employment. Consumer Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of pricing practices of sheltered workshops in Australia indicated that most workshops undercharge for their services with the consequence that they are unable to pay realistic wages to disabled employees. (Author/DB)

Black, John; And Others

1987-01-01

216

6. Contextual view of EPA Farm showing cattle shelter, facing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Contextual view of EPA Farm showing cattle shelter, facing southeast. - Nevada Test Site, Environmental Protection Agency Farm, Area 15, Yucca Flat, 10-2 Road near Circle Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

217

9 CFR 3.3 - Sheltered housing facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Treatment, and Transportation of Dogs and Cats 1 Facilities and Operating Standards...sheltered housing facilities for dogs and cats must be sufficiently heated and cooled when necessary to protect the dogs and cats from temperature or humidity...

2013-01-01

218

6. EASTERLY VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE SHELTER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. EASTERLY VIEW OF BIG DALTON DAM SHOWING THE SHELTER HOUSE IN THE BACKGROUND. PHOTO TAKEN FROM THE ACCESS ROAD LEADING TO THE CONTROL HOUSE. - Big Dalton Dam, 2600 Big Dalton Canyon Road, Glendora, Los Angeles County, CA

219

14. INSIDE VIEW OF BOMB SHELTER WITH AIR COMPRESSOR Everett ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. INSIDE VIEW OF BOMB SHELTER WITH AIR COMPRESSOR Everett Weinreb, photographer, April 1988 - Mount Gleason Nike Missile Site, Angeles National Forest, South of Soledad Canyon, Sylmar, Los Angeles County, CA

220

Multi-culture solar heated bio-shelter. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A rooftop greenhouse (bio-shelter) that is heated with active and passive solar systems is presented. The intent of the greenhouse is to grow vegetables hydroponically the year-round using a nutrient flow technique; and to growth the giant tropical Malaysian prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in a recycling raceway water system heated with solar power. The produce grown was continuously monitored and the harvests weighed in order to estimate the year-round production potential of the bio-shelter greenhouse.

Not Available

1985-01-01

221

Building a global federation system for climate change research: the earth system grid center for enabling technologies (ESG-CET)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent release of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 4th Assessment Report (AR4) has generated significant media attention. Much has been said about the US role in this report, which included significant support from the Department of Energy through the Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) and other Department of Energy (DOE) programs for climate model development and the production execution of simulations. The SciDAC-supported Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET) also played a major role in the IPCC AR4: all of the simulation data that went into the report was made available to climate scientists worldwide exclusively via the ESG-CET At the same time as the IPCC AR4 database was being developed, the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), a leading US climate science laboratory and a ESG participant, began publishing model runs from the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), and its predecessor the Parallel Coupled Model (PCM) through ESG In aggregate, ESG-CET provides seamless access to over 180 terabytes of distributed climate simulation data to over 6,000 registered users worldwide, who have taken delivery of more than 250 terabytes from the archive. Not only does this represent a substantial advance in scientific knowledge, it is also a major step forward in how we conduct the research process on a global scale. Moving forward, the next IPCC assessment report, AR5, will demand multi-site metadata federation for data discovery and cross-domain identity management for single sign-on of users in a more diverse federation enterprise environment. Towards this aim, ESG is leading the effort in the climate community towards standardization of material for the global federation of metadata, security, and data services required to standardize, analyze, and access data worldwide.

Ananthakrishnan, R.; Bernholdt, D. E.; Bharathi, S.; Brown, D.; Chen, M.; Chervenak, A. L.; Cinquini, L.; Drach, R.; Foster, I. T.; Fox, P.; Fraser, D.; Halliday, K.; Hankin, S.; Jones, P.; Kesselman, C.; Middleton, D. E.; Schwidder, J.; Schweitzer, R.; Schuler, R.; Shoshani, A.; Siebenlist, F.; Sim, A.; Strand, W. G.; Wilhelmi, N.; Su, M.; Williams, D. N.

2007-07-01

222

The health of shelter-based foster youth.  

PubMed

There is a lack of information on the health needs of foster care adolescents in emergency shelters or group homes. The purpose of this study was to conduct an assessment of access to health care among shelter-based foster care adolescents in Baltimore, Maryland. The health passports of all the foster care youth staying at two emergency shelters had data extracted to a standardized chart audit tool. In addition, semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 of the adolescents and five shelter staff. Of the 84 passports, only nine (10.7%) had documented up-to-date immunizations, and only one (1.2%) had documented purified protein derivative (PPD) application and reading. A total of 11 (13.1%) met the criteria for significant delay in recommended follow-up to care. Major themes of the interviews revealed that shelter staff and youth were unaware of specific health care recommendations, or were unable to obtain needed health care due to insurance problems or prolonged waiting for appointment times. The results of this health passport audit indicate that shelter-based foster care youth suffer from worse access to health care than do comparable nonshelter-based foster care youth from the same city. Specific public health nursing recommendations are made for improving health supervision for these vulnerable youth. PMID:11251869

Ensign, J

223

Study of Handicapped Clients in Sheltered Workshops and Recommendations of the Secretary. Sheltered Workshop Study, Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sheltered workshops offer severely handicapped individuals an opportunity to reduce their level of social and economic dependence by providing them with rehabilitation services and a chance to work within their own productive capacities. This report prese...

C. W. Whitehead L. S. Baker

1979-01-01

224

Developing earth system science knowledge to manage earth's natural resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The computational science and engineering communities can build an infrastructure to use the observations, computational models, and knowledge about Earth system science to enable decision support for the global, national, regional, and local management of the Earth's natural resources. A proposed architecture for an Earth resources management infrastructure based on a NASA approach is presented. The infrastructure uses observations, model

ROGER L. KING; RONALD J. BIRK

2004-01-01

225

Organizational and social-psychological issues relevant to fallout-shelter evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of a preliminary review of the literature on organizational and social-psychological issues relevant to fallout-shelter evaluation. Fallout-shelter options are evaluated along two dimensions: shelter size, and extent of shelteree participation in the shelter construction. Four functional criteria are used in the evaluation: decision-making, member coordination, social control, and maintaining morale. Smaller shelters requiring shelteree participation in construction appear preferable as measured in most of these criteria. Additional factors mentioned include demographic characteristics of the shelter population, degree and type of ventilation system, and availability of medical equipment and personnel. 10 references.

Wernette, D.R.

1983-01-01

226

Interprofessional program to provide emergency sheltering to abused elders.  

PubMed

Abuse of senior citizens should be paradoxical in a civilized society; however, the U.S. Government Accountability Office reports that 14.1% of noninstitutionalized older adults experienced some type of abuse within the previous year. This is suspected to be an underestimation of the number of abuses reported. In a society where the older population is predicted to increase significantly, it is likely that the number of cases for abused elders will increase proportionately. Through the success of advocacy groups to raise awareness of child and domestic partner abuse, funding has been channeled to shelter these abuse victims. The same cannot be said for elders who are abused. Providing shelter in a safe, secure, medically appropriate environment, free from violence, for an older adult is essential. This article describes a community's collaborative health planning process to respond to elder abuse and develop a program to shelter elders experiencing abuse or suspected abuse. PMID:23636048

Heck, Lauri; Gillespie, Gordon L

227

Gimme Shelter!: Doghouse Project Hones Construction Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Rover's House project, students practice planning, measurement, layout, and processing skills in building a doghouse. The project is more than a doghouse--it is a learning activity that helps students develop and enhance their ability to work with reinforced concrete, steel and wood studs, trusses, roofing materials and a variety of…

Shackelford, Ray; Griffis, Kurt

2007-01-01

228

Gimme Shelter!: Doghouse Project Hones Construction Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Rover's House project, students practice planning, measurement, layout, and processing skills in building a doghouse. The project is more than a doghouse--it is a learning activity that helps students develop and enhance their ability to work with reinforced concrete, steel and wood studs, trusses, roofing materials and a variety of…

Shackelford, Ray; Griffis, Kurt

2007-01-01

229

Shelter Network: serving homeless families and individuals (1987-2007).  

PubMed

Shelter Network is a nonprofit organization that delivers a range of services that meet the needs of homeless families and individuals in order to help them achieve stable housing and self-sufficiency. The agency began as a grassroots community effort to respond to the growing problem of homelessness and its relationship with its external community continues to play an important role in its financing, growth, and development. Over its 20-year history, Shelter Network has overcome multiple challenges related to leadership, finance, and community support and has grown from a grassroots agency into an organization with a budget of $7 million. PMID:21416437

Kimberlin, Sara E; Schwartz, Sara L; Austin, Michael J

2011-01-01

230

Stronger Federal Efforts Needed for Providing Employment Opportunities and Enforcing Labor Standards in Sheltered Workshops.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Certain of the Fair Labor Standards Act's provisions for handicapped workers in sheltered workshops create an unnecessary administrative burden for the Department of Labor and sheltered workshops. Labor needs to strengthen its enforcement of other Fair La...

1981-01-01

231

Dynamic test of a corrugated steel keyworker blast shelter MISTY PICTURE. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 18-man blast shelter was tested dynamically on May 14, 1987 in the MISTY PICTURE event at White Sands Missile Range, NM. The main section of the shelter was fabricated from a 9-foot-diameter, 27.5-foot-long section of 10-gage, galvanized, corrugated steel culvert. The shelter included a vertical entryway and air intake and exhaust stacks. The shelter design was found to be

R. L. Holmes; T. R. Slawson; A. L. Harris

1987-01-01

232

Life Constraints and Psychological Well-Being of Domestic Violence Shelter Graduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychosocial adjustment and life constraints of 81 domestic violence shelter graduates were examined via field interviews in the community, assessing women’s current life status, satisfaction with core life domains, and violence experience, pre- and post-shelter. Psychometric scales for depression and trauma symptoms were also administered. Participants had received extensive services in either an emergency or a transitional living shelter. Although

Kathleen A. Ham-Rowbottom; Erin E. Gordon; Kelly L. Jarvis; Raymond W. Novaco

2005-01-01

233

Diagnostic, treatment, and prevention protocols for canine heartworm infection in animal sheltering agencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high prevalence of heartworm infection in shelter dogs creates a dilemma for shelter managers, who frequently operate with insufficient funding, staffing, and expertise to comply with heartworm guidelines developed for owned pet dogs. The purpose of this study was to survey canine heartworm management protocols used by 504 animal sheltering agencies in the endemic states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia,

Kathleen N. Colby; Julie K. Levy; Kiri F. Dunn; Rachel I. Michaud

2011-01-01

234

Archaeological Site Formation in Rain Forests: Insights From the Ituri Rock Shelters, Congo  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution complements the existing literature on rock shelter geoarchaeology and site formation processes by presenting data from 10 granite rock shelters in a tropical rain forest environment. Geological, taphonomic, pedological, and archaeological data are used to assess the geomorphological evolution of rock shelters in the Ituri rain forest, Northeast Democratic Republic of Congo. Mechanisms of sediment production and deposition,

Julio Mercader; Raquel Mart??; Ignacio J. González; Almudena Sánchez; Pilar Garc??a

2003-01-01

235

Family Dynamics, Housing, and Recurring Homelessness Among Women in New York City Homeless Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at two sets of women who stayed in New York City homeless shelters in 1992—one set as part of a family and the other set as individuals—and at factors associated with an increased risk of their experiencing repeat shelter stays. Descriptive statistics and event history analysis indicate that regardless of whether the women stay in shelters with

STEPHEN METRAUX; DENNIS P. CULHANE

1999-01-01

236

Do sheltered workshops enhance employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether sheltered workshops help prepare individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) for competitive employment within the community. Two groups of individuals were compared: (a) 215 supported employees who were in sheltered workshops prior to entering supported employment and (b) 215 supported employees who were not in sheltered workshops. Individuals from both groups were matched based on their

Robert Evert Cimera; Paul Wehman; Michael West; Sloane Burgess

2012-01-01

237

Effectiveness and Empowerment in Women's Shelter: A Study of Working Women's Hostels in Bangalore, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy debates on shelter for women have focused on family structure, gender roles and the importance of shelter in women's economic development. They emphasize the need for shelter that is generally effective and empowering for women. Although valuable, these general policy proposals are often unable to account for the particular situations in specific cultural contexts in which family structure, roles

Kameshwari Pothukuchi

2001-01-01

238

Emergency and Disaster Planning at Ohio Animal Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of a cross-sectional study to determine the level of emergency and disaster response planning at Ohio nonhuman animal shelters and the role Ohio agencies have in emergency and disaster response planning in their communities indicated a lack of preparedness coupled with underutilization of the agencies as a resource. A total of 115 agencies (68%) responded to a standardized survey

Shanna M. Decker; Linda K. Lord; William L. Walker; Thomas E. Wittum

2010-01-01

239

66. VIEW OF DELUGE CHANNEL; NORTH FACE OF THEODOLITE SHELTER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

66. VIEW OF DELUGE CHANNEL; NORTH FACE OF THEODOLITE SHELTER (BLDG. 788); TELEVISION CAMERA TOWER; CAMERA TOWER FROM SOUTH END OF LAUNCH DECK - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Pad 3 East, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

240

EFFECTIVENESS OF EXPEDIENT SHELTERING IN PLACE IN A RESIDENCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of expedient sheltering in place in a residence for protection against airborne hazards, as outlined in the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) guidance to the public. An improved method was developed to determi...

241

Movement and Shelter Options to Reduce Population Vulnerability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the case for movement and shelter options as an adjunct to CSP. The movement measure is to remove populations from potential blast areas of nuclear bursts. 'Survival Plans' of the last decades are reviewed and various degrees of evacua...

E. A. Parsons

1970-01-01

242

12. HISTORICAL VIEW OF FRONT ENTRANCE, BEFORE ADDITION OF SHELTERED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. HISTORICAL VIEW OF FRONT ENTRANCE, BEFORE ADDITION OF SHELTERED PORCH, SOUTH ELEVATION, 1907. Photocopied from Henry Pleasants's book, History of Old St. David's Church, published in 1915 by John C. Winston Co. - St. David's Church (Episcopal), Valley Forge Road (Newtown Township), Wayne, Delaware County, PA

243

Bus-Stop Shelters Improved Safety (Phases 1 and 2).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research was undertaken to: (1) design and construct a wall and basic subassembly of an emergency storm shelter comprised entirely of wood that could resist a 'missile' impact at 100 mph or multiple impacts at 80 mph; (2) study the difference in impa...

C. Turnbull-Grimes J. Balogh R. M. Gutkowski W. A. Charlie

2010-01-01

244

9. Photocopy of sketch from Elliott, Clifford A., 'Shelters and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Photocopy of sketch from Elliott, Clifford A., 'Shelters and Stations on Pacific Electric's Interurban Lines', Electric Railway Journal, V. 53, No. 15, April 12, 1919, p. 733 - Lynwood Pacific Electric Railway Depot, 11453 Long Beach Boulevard, Lynwood, Los Angeles County, CA

245

Factors Relevant to Adoption of Cats in an Animal Shelter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study performed a multifactor analysis of the effects of the provision of toys, cage location, and cat characteristics (activity level, age, sex, and coat color) on 111 cats available for adoption in a nonhuman animal shelter. The analysis revealed a greater adopter viewing of cats housed at eye level and of those with toys—even though the toys did not

Jacqueline M. Fantuzzi; Katherine A. Miller; Emily Weiss

2010-01-01

246

Toilet Training in the Sheltered Workshop--Why Not?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present case study describes a toilet training program planned, developed, and implemented within a sheltered workshop. The client was a severely retarded woman for whom incontinence had been a life-long problem. The ease with which the program was carried out recommends its use with similar client problems. (Author)

Olofsson, Gunilla; Karan, Orv. C.

1976-01-01

247

Non-Sheltered Employment for Severely Handicapped Students. Program Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook is intended to assist vocational instructors in replicating the program to provide non-sheltered work experience to severely handicapped individuals. The first section is a description of the original program that was developed through the coordinated efforts of staff from three vocational schools in Kentucky. Included in the next…

Smith, Harland D.

248

FOODS FOR FALLOUT SHELTERS. II. FOOD STORAGE, PACKAGING, AND SURVEILLANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stability of various food products, stockpiled for long periods in ; fallout shelters, is considered in relation to packaging, periodic sampling, and ; replacement. Among the most stable foods are highly refined foods, such as salt ; and sugar. With adequate package protection, they remain unchanged indefinitely. ; Unprocessed cereals and seed foods (beans and peas) retain acceptable food ;

M. E. Juilly; V. F. Kaufman; R. L. Olson; E. C. Taylor

1962-01-01

249

Beyond the sheltered workshop: balancing continuity with change  

Microsoft Academic Search

In common with many other agencies, Richmond Fellowship Employment and Training has been grappling with the problem of how to modernise its sheltered workshops to meet the changing employment and training needs of clients. A further complication is how to make these changes while continuing to provide services for people who are unlikely ever to cope with open employment. Anton

Anton Neumann

2004-01-01

250

Need for Social Approval and Sheltered Workshop Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major finding in this investigation indicates the need for social approval is positively related to self-ratings of sheltered workshop performance by clients. In addition supervisors ratings of clients were found to be positively correlated with both objective work performance and client self ratings. (Author/CG)

Doleys, Janice M.; Doleys, Ernest J.

1971-01-01

251

Trainees Helping Other Trainees--A Sheltered Workshop Habilitation Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Excerpts from a discussion on trainees helping each other by a panel of mildly retarded adults in a sheltered workshop are presented. Discussion centers on helping peers with anger and frustration, talking about problems, and helping with daily living skills. (CL)

Nitzberg, Jerome

1980-01-01

252

DIRECTORY OF SHELTERED WORKSHOPS SERVING THE EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED, 1965.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A NATIONWIDE QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEYED 490 SHELTERED WORKSHOPS SERVING THE EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED. LISTINGS BY STATES OF SUCH CENTERS PROVIDE ADDRESSES, REFERRAL SOURCES, AGE RANGE OF CLIENTS, YEAR PROGRAMS BEGAN, NUMBER OF PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED CLIENTS DAILY, NUMBER OF EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED CLIENTS DAILY, AND TYPES OF EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED.…

GADLIN, WALTER; AND OTHERS

253

The myth of transition: contractualizing disability in the sheltered workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates notions of transition and independence, as well as the current circumstances that detain countless disabled people in employment endeavors that not only pay meager wages but also cement a lifelong servitude to the workshop. Sheltered workshops exist on the basis and replication of a structure that incarcerates disabled people within vocational?like settings. This paper begins a discussion

Michael Gill

2005-01-01

254

Implications of Inservice Training Requests from Sheltered Workshop Paraprofessionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Letters were sent to 27 directors of sheltered workshops serving the developmentally disabled requesting their suggestions for topics considered relevant for the inservice training of direct line staff. The area of concern most frequently selected and rated as highest priority by direct line staff was ways to deal with the low-functioning client.…

Thibodeau, Gerard P.

1981-01-01

255

Products, Service Contracts, Operations, and Tools in Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among findings of surveys on general capabilities for contract work completed by 737 sheltered workshops were that electronic/electrical assembly and wood pallet manufacture were the most common products; collating and mailing the most common service contracts; and bagging /packaging and assembly the most predominant hand operations. (Author/CL)

Walls, Richard T.; And Others

1982-01-01

256

The Sheltered Workshop as a Community Recycling Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study surveyed 3,057 sheltered workshops to determine the number of workshops engaged in recycling activities, profits gained through recycling, the types of materials recycled, and the market values of various recyclable materials in different regions of the country. (SBH)

Wesolowski, Michael D.; Bacza, Gerald L.

1980-01-01

257

Conditions Affecting Sheltered Workshop Attendance in a Token Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to examine the effectiveness of a token economy program, sheltered workshop attendance of chronic schizophrenics was investigated under the following conditions: response cost versus no response cost consequences for nonattendance; response cost and noncontingent token payment; and restricted versus unrestricted mobility during the no…

Miller, Harold R.; And Others

258

Sheltered Workshops and Transition: Old Bottles, New Wine?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a historical overview of sheltered workshops and presents information about service innovations and mission expansion. The first workshop in the United States was the Perkins Institute, opened in 1837 for individuals with visual handicaps. This workshop was typical of "categorical" workshops that were established during this…

Coombe, Edmund

259

Ventilation of Animal Shelters in Wildland Fire Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of wildland fires on cavity-nesting birds and bats, as well as fossorial mammals and burrow-using reptiles, are of considerable interest to the fire management community. However, relatively little is known about the degree of protection afforded by various animal shelters in wildland fire events. We present results from our ongoing investigation, utilizing NIST's Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) and

A. S. Bova; G. Bohrer; M. B. Dickinson

2009-01-01

260

THE INCIDENCE OF CANCER IN TARRED AND SHELTERED MICE  

PubMed Central

Mice sheltered for long periods from the intercurrent access of living entities out of the environment developed tar cancer with the same frequency as controls exposed to an unusual extent. This happened although the food of the two groups differed profoundly in character.

Rous, Peyton; Botsford, Elizabeth

1932-01-01

261

Self-Study and Evaluation Guide for Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed from a general "Self-Study and Evaluation Guide," this document is designed as an instrument for self study and evaluation of a sheltered workshop for the blind which operates as an independent agency rather than as part of a larger multiservice organization. In addition, the volume serves as a guide to an on-site review as part of the…

National Accreditation Council for Agencies Serving the Blind and Visually Handicapped, New York, NY.

262

Assessing the Physical and Architectural Features of Sheltered Care Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Physical and Architectural Features Checklist (PAF) measures physical resources of sheltered care settings in terms of nine derived dimensions. Data show that facilities which have more physical resources are seen as attractive by outside observers and pleasant by residents. Cost is not related to any PAF dimension. (Author)

Moos, Rudolf H.; Lemke, Sonne

1980-01-01

263

SHELTER MEDICINE: A COMPARISON OF VISUAL AND DNA IDENTIFICATION OF  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are all aware of the newspaper articles, magazine stories, and TV segments that show pictures of dogs and then reveal DNA breed analyses of the dogs. Surprise - the DNA results are not what were expected based on the appearance of the dogs or the owners' beliefs. Those of us who walk through shelters and animal control facilities compare

264

109. VIEW OF WAREHOUSE FROM SOUTHEAST. GABLED PORCH ROOF SHELTERS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

109. VIEW OF WAREHOUSE FROM SOUTHEAST. GABLED PORCH ROOF SHELTERS LIGHT TRAVELING CRANE FOR UNLOADING TRAM CARS. THE TRAM LINE PARALLELED THE PORCH AND RAN TO THE RIGHT OF THE ROAD. - Bald Mountain Gold Mill, Nevada Gulch at head of False Bottom Creek, Lead, Lawrence County, SD

265

The Shelter of Each Other: A Conversation with Mary Pipher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author of "In the Shelter of Each Other" addresses how to remedy lack of community that is disorienting families. Parents work too many hours. Adults are spending too much time with TV and computers, voting down bond issues, and providing less communal space for children. Parents need to be convinced that creating community (connecting…

Scherer, Marge

1998-01-01

266

Sheltered Workshop Study. A Nationwide Report on Sheltered Workshops and Their Employment of Handicapped Individuals. Volume I. Workshop Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are results from a survey of 2,530 sheltered workshop programs serving handicapped persons. Initial sections review the historical development of workshops, federal regulations affecting workshops, and previous related studies. Data are provided on the following topics: characteristics of workshops and clients (including a table on…

Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

267

Towards Earth AntineutRino TomograpHy (EARTH)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The programme Earth AntineutRino TomograpHy (EARTH) proposes to build ten underground facilities each hosting a telescope. Each telescope consists of many detector modules, to map the radiogenic heat sources deep in the interior of the Earth by utilising direction sensitive geoneutrino detection. Recent hypotheses target the core-mantle boundary (CMB) as a major source of natural radionuclides and therefore of radiogenic

R. J. de Meijer; F. D. Smit; F. D. Brooks; R. W. Fearick; H. J. Wörtche; F. Mantovani

2006-01-01

268

Towards Earth AntineutRino TomograpHy (EARTH)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The programme Earth AntineutRino TomograpHy (EARTH) proposes to build ten underground facilities each hosting a telescope.\\u000a Each telescope consists of many detector modules, to map the radiogenic heat sources deep in the interior of the Earth by\\u000a utilising direction sensitive geoneutrino detection. Recent hypotheses target the core-mantle boundary (CMB) as a major source\\u000a of natural radionuclides and therefore of radiogenic

R. J. de Meijer; F. D. Smit; F. D. Brooks; R. W. Fearick; H. J. Woertche; F. Mantovani

2006-01-01

269

Infra-Free® (IF) Architecture System as the Method for Post-Disaster Shelter Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently, International Space Station (ISS) is capable to support 3 to 4 astronauts onboard for at least 6 months using an integrated life support system to support the need of crew onboard. Waste from daily life of the crew members are collected by waste recycle systems, electricity consumption depends on collecting solar energy, etc. though it likes the infrastructure we use on Earth, ISS can be comprehended nearly a self-reliant integrated architecture so far, this could be given an important hint for current architecture which is based on urban centralized infrastructure to support our daily lives but could be vulnerable in case of nature disasters. Comparatively, more and more economic activities and communications rely on the enormous urban central infrastructure to support our daily lives. Therefore, when in case of natural disasters, it may cut-out the infrastructure system temporarily or permanent. In order to solve this problem, we propose to design a temporary shelter, which is capable to work without depending on any existing infrastructure. We propose to use some closed-life-cycle or integrated technologies inspired by the possibilities of space and other emerging technologies into current daily architecture by using Infra-free® design framework; which proposes to integrate various life supporting infrastructural elements into one-closed system. We try to work on a scenario for post-disaster management housing as the method for solving the lifeline problems such as solid and liquid waste, energy, and water and hygiene solution into one system. And trying to establish an Infra-free® model of shelter for disaster area. The ultimate objective is to design a Temp Infra-free® model dealing with the sanitation and environment preservation concerns for disaster area.

Chang, Huai-Chien; Anilir, Serkan

270

Sleep Shelters Verbal Memory from Different Kinds of Interference  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Studies have shown that sleep shelters old verbal memories from associative interference arising from new, more recently acquired memories. Our objective is to extend the forms of interference for which sleep provides a sheltering benefit to non-associative and prospective interference, and to examine experimental conditions and memory strengths for which sleep before or after learning particularly affects verbal memory consolidation. Design: Acquiring paired word associates, retention across intervening sleep and wake, training on new, interfering word associates, and test recall of both sets. Setting: University laboratory. Participants: Healthy volunteers. Interventions: N/A. Measurements and Results: Comparing recall before and after intervening periods of sleep versus wake, we found that: (i) Sleep preferentially shields weakly encoded verbal memories from retroactive interference. (ii) Sleep immediately following learning helps shelter memory from associative and non-associative forms of retroactive interference. (iii) Sleep protects new verbal memories from prospective interference. (iv) Word associations acquired for the first time in the evening after a day spent in the wake state are encoded more strongly than word associations acquired in the morning following a night of sleep. Conclusions: The findings extend the known sleep protection from interference to non-associative as well as prospective interference, and limit the protection to weakly encoded word associations. Combined, our results suggest that sleep immediately after verbal learning isolates newly formed memory traces and renders them inaccessible, except by specific contextual cues. Memory isolation in sleep is a passive mechanism that can reasonably account for several experimental findings. Citation: Sheth BR; Varghese R; Truong T. Sleep shelters verbal memory from different kinds of interference. SLEEP 2012;35(7):985-996.

Sheth, Bhavin R.; Varghese, Reni; Truong, Thuy

2012-01-01

271

HOMELESS SHELTER USE AND REINCARCERATION FOLLOWING PRISON RELEASE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: In the past two decades both the homeless and the prison populations have grown substantially. These two phenomena,may be interrelated insofar as the difficulties in reintegrating into the community,may increase the risk of homelessness for released prisoners, and homelessness may in turn increase the risk for subsequent reincarceration. This study examines,the incidence of shelter use and reincarceration among,a cohort

STEPHEN METRAUX; DENNIS P. CULHANE

2004-01-01

272

Housing Cooperatives in Zimbabwe: A Contribution to Women's Shelter and  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the question of how housing cooperatives might contribute to women's shelter and development by presenting some of the results of a study of five urban housing co-operatives conducted in Zimbabwe. The differences between three male-only and two mixed-gender organisations are described and evidence is presented which suggests that housing co-ops hold potential as providers of sheller for

ANNA C VAKIL

273

Outbreak of tuberculosis in a homeless men’s shelter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case—tuberculosis in a homeless men’s shelter—is one of a series of teaching cases in the Case-Based Series in Population-Oriented Prevention (C-POP). It has been developed for use in medical school and residency prevention curricula. The complete set of cases is presented in this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.Tuberculosis presents a significant public health challenge. In this

Cynthia B Morrow; Donald A Cibula; Lloyd F Novick

2003-01-01

274

Dynamic test of a corrugated steel keyworker blast shelter MISTY PICTURE. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The 18-man blast shelter was tested dynamically on May 14, 1987 in the MISTY PICTURE event at White Sands Missile Range, NM. The main section of the shelter was fabricated from a 9-foot-diameter, 27.5-foot-long section of 10-gage, galvanized, corrugated steel culvert. The shelter included a vertical entryway and air intake and exhaust stacks. The shelter design was found to be conservative during a previous 50-psi validation test, and some constructibility problems were encountered with the entryway-to-shelter connections. This test was conducted to validate the modifications made to the shelter design. The modifications were made to reduce construction costs and improve constructibility. Primary modifications included: replacing the stiffened endwalls with lighter-weight unstiffened plates, connecting the entryway to an endwall rather than to the main section of the shelter, and the inclusion of an emergency exit. The structure was located at the anticipated 200-psi peak overpressure level. Post-test inspection revealed that the main section of the shelter suffered very little damage during the test. Due to the failure of the emergency exit cover plate, it was necessary to determine if enough pressure entered the shelter to affect its structural response. This test also investigated the shock environment inside the shelter.

Holmes, R.L.; Slawson, T.R.; Harris, A.L.

1987-11-01

275

Engineering for the Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Young students are introduced to the complex systems of the Earth through numerous lessons on its natural resources, processes, weather, climate and landforms. Key earth science topics include rocks, soils and minerals, water and natural resources, weather patterns and climatic regions, wind, erosion, landforms, and the harvesting of fossil fuels â all presented from an engineering point-of-view. (See the Unit Overview section for a list of topics by lesson.) Through many hands-on activities, students build and test sand castles for construction strength, measure snow melt as a potential water source, use colored ice cubes and salt water to learn about ocean currents, make 3-D water catchment basins, make surface tension/surfactant-powered paper boats, build and use wind vanes, build and test model wind turbines, model and observe five types of erosion, model acid rain using chalk and kitchen supplies, build transportation systems across their own 3-D model landscapes, take core samples from a clay model of the Earth's crust, read and create graphs and charts as they learn about international oil production and consumption, act as engineers by specifying the power plants to build for communities, given scenarios with budgets, energy needs and environmental impacts. They learn the steps of the engineering design process as they hypothesize ways engineers might obtain water for communities facing water crises.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

276

Cold Regions Science and Engineering Monograph 3, Section A2a: Methods of Building on Permanent Snowfields.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The monograph describes the development of building in, on, and of, snow, beginning with the Eskimo snowhouse for temporary shelter, and leading to permanent installations like 6500-ton steel structures above the snow surface, and a large subsurface encam...

M. Miller

1968-01-01

277

Sun-Earth Days  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sun-Earth Day is a well-coordinated series of programs, resources and events under a unique yearly theme highlighting the fundamentals of heliophysics research and missions. A menu of activities, conducted throughout the year, inspire and educate participants. Sun-Earth Day itself can vary in date, but usually is identified by a celebration on or near the spring equinox. Through the Sun-Earth Day framework we have been able to offer a series of coordinated events that promote and highlight the Sun, its connection to Earth and the other planets. Sun-Earth Day events are hosted by educators, museums, amateur astronomers and scientists and occur at schools, community groups, parks, planetaria and science centers around the globe. Sun-Earth Day raises the awareness and knowledge of formal and informal education audiences concerning space weather and heliophysics. By building on the success of Sun-Earth Day yearly celebrations, we seek to affect people of all backgrounds and ages with the wonders of heliophysics science, discovery, and exploration in ways that are both tangible and meaningful to their lives.

Thieman, J.; Ng, C.; Lewis, E.; Cline, T.

2010-08-01

278

Do sheltered workshops enhance employment outcomes for adults with autism spectrum disorder?  

PubMed

This study investigated whether sheltered workshops help prepare individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) for competitive employment within the community. Two groups of individuals were compared: (a) 215 supported employees who were in sheltered workshops prior to entering supported employment and (b) 215 supported employees who were not in sheltered workshops. Individuals from both groups were matched based on their primary diagnosis, secondary diagnosis (if present), and gender. Results showed that there were no differences in rates of employment between these two groups. However, individuals who participated in sheltered workshops earned significantly less (US$129.36 versus US$191.42 per week), and cost significantly more to serve (US$6,065.08 versus US$2,440.60), than their non-sheltered workshop peers. Results presented here suggest that individuals with ASD achieve better vocational outcomes if they do not participate in sheltered workshops prior to enrolling in supported employment. PMID:21610189

Cimera, Robert Evert; Wehman, Paul; West, Michael; Burgess, Sloane

2011-05-24

279

Emp design and test guidelines for systems in mobile shelters. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This document addresses the unique electromagnetic characteristics of metallic enclosures, commonly referred to as signal, communications, or box-body shelters, and identifies what system developers should do to optimize the electronic survivability of equipment placed in these shelters. Since nuclear induced high-altitude EMP is but one of possibly many nonionizing hostile environments that the shelter electronics must survive, this document treats EMP survivability in terms familiar to the design engineer.

Sanders, S.C.

1993-12-01

280

Adjustment of Homeless Adolescents to a Crisis Shelter: Application of a Stress and Coping Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the utility of a stress and coping model of adaptation to a homeless shelter among homeless adolescents. Seventy-eight homeless adolescents were interviewed and completed self-administered scales at Time 1 (day of shelter entry) and Time 2 (day of discharge). The mean duration of stay at the shelter was 7.23 days (SD = 7.01). Predictors included appraisal

Melanie M. Dalton; Kenneth I. Pakenham

2002-01-01

281

Assessment of fish size on shelter choice and intraspecific interactions by round gobies Neogobius melanostomus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis We examined shelter occupancy and behavioural interactions in non-reproductive male round gobies, Neogobius melanostomus,an invasive fish, to determine if gobies can assess one another’s prowess effectively. Results of laboratory experiments revealed a significant, positive relationship between body size (total mass) and time for individual fish to occupy shelters. Shelter size selection did not vary with body size, but males

Katie L. Stammler; Lynda D. Corkum

2005-01-01

282

The Use of Tree Shelters in Restoring Forest Species to a Floodplain Delta: 5 Year Results  

SciTech Connect

The use of tree shelters to enhance survival and growth of bald cypress, water tupelo, green ash, and black tupelo were evaluated in the riparian and swamp forest of the Pen Branch delta. Survival at the end of the five years ranged from 67% to 100% for seedlings in shelters and 2% to 90% for those in the open. Mortality resulted primarily from beavers. Height growth was only improved for seedlings in shelters for the first few years.

Conner, W.H.; Inabinette, L.W.; Brantley, E.F.

1999-03-19

283

Earth's Seasons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A computer animation on the reason for the seasons. Voice-over describes the motion of Earth around the sun to show how the sun's light impacts the tilted Earth at different times of the year, causing seasonal changes.

Rochester Museum And Science Center, Strasenburgh P.

284

Positive and negative effects of leaf shelters on herbivorous insects: linking multiple herbivore species on a willow.  

PubMed

We experimentally examined the effects on other herbivorous insects of leaf shelters constructed by lepidopteran larvae on a willow, Salix miyabeana. Several insect species occupied the vacant leaf shelters. Our experiment using artificial leaf shelters showed that the number of aphids increased with the number of artificial leaf shelters on a shoot, as did the numbers of three ant species ( Camponotus japonicus, Lasius hayashi, and Myrmica jessensis) that entered leaf shelters to collect aphid honeydew. To determine the ant-mediated effect of leaf shelters on herbivorous insects that do not use leaf shelters, we transferred newly hatched larvae of a common leaf beetle, Plagiodera versicolora, to the leaves of shoots with and without artificial leaf shelters. One day after the transfer, larval survival rate was significantly lower on shoots with shelters than on those without shelters, and shoots with shelters had significantly more ants than did shoots without shelters. Our field experiments demonstrated clearly that shelter-making lepidopteran larvae increased the abundance of both aphids and ants and decreased the survival rate of leaf beetle larvae, probably because the larvae were removed by ants that were attracted to the leaf shelters by the aphid colonies. PMID:12768405

Nakamura, Masahiro; Ohgushi, Takayuki

2003-05-24

285

Rates of euthanasia and adoption for dogs and cats in Michigan animal shelters.  

PubMed

Estimates of canine and feline euthanasia at U.S. animal shelters--largely based on voluntary surveys with low response rates--make it difficult to estimate the population from which the euthanized animals derive. Estimates of euthanasia rates (animals euthanized per unit of population) have varied widely and been available only sporadically. This study used requirements of Michigan state law (Pet Shops, Dog Pounds, and Animal Shelters Act, 1969) for animal shelters to collect admission and discharge data for all 176 Michigan-licensed animal shelters. In 2003, Michigan shelters discharged 140,653 dogs: Of these, 56,972 (40%) were euthanized; 40,005 (28%) were adopted. This annual euthanasia rate is 2.6% of the estimated 2003 Michigan dog population. Michigan shelters discharged 134,405 cats in 2003: 76,321 (57%) by euthanasia and (24%) by adoption. The estimated ratio of euthanized cats to cats who had owners was 3.1%. Small shelters and privately owned shelters were associated with higher adoption rates. Comparison with historical information from the past 10 to 20 years suggests the number of companion animals being euthanized in shelters has decreased and that progress has been made in reducing the companion animal overpopulation problem. PMID:16277593

Bartlett, Paul C; Bartlett, Andrew; Walshaw, Sally; Halstead, Stephen

2005-01-01

286

Edible Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners make a model of the solid Earth's layers that's good enough to eat! Learners use tasty foodstuffs to simulate Earth's inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust. The recipe includes ingredients for one edible Earth, but can be doubled or tripled to accommodate groups of learners. This activity requires adult supervision.

History, American M.

2011-08-20

287

Earth Flow  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Flash animation with accompanying audio exhibits the different stages involved in the formation of an earth flow. A step-like scarp forms along with a flowage zone at the toe of the earth flow. The sequence concludes with the stabilization of the earth flow with vegetation. Expect long loading times.

Wiley

288

Earth Calendar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handout lists major events in Earth history with approximate ages (in millions of years before present). The calendar date is determined by setting midnight, January 1, to correspond with the formation of the Earth, and setting the following midnight, December 31, to correspond to the present. Thus, the entire history of the Earth is displayed as a single calendar year.

Barker, Jeffrey

289

Snowball Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Audio program from the University of Wisconsin's Earthwatch Radio discusses the notion of the entire planet covered with ice. Doug Macdougall is an earth scientist at the University of California-San Diego and author of a new book called "Frozen Earth." He says the planet-wide freeze is known as "Snowball Earth."

290

Planet Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those interested in a global view of the weather, Planet Earth is a "real-time 3-D model of the Earth with continuously updating night shadows and clouds." Cloud images are provided by the University of Wisconsin-Madison Space Science and Engineering Center. Planet Earth is shareware with a fee of $29.95.

291

Determinants of adoption and euthanasia of shelter dogs spayed or neutered in the university of california veterinary student surgery program compared to other shelter dogs.  

PubMed

Limited economic resources and pet overpopulation force animals shelters to consider euthanasia of adoptable animals every day. Veterinary medical schools can play a positive role in increasing pet adoption and combating overpopulation by providing free neutering for shelter animals. This retrospective cohort study illustrated that the cooperative efforts of a veterinary medicine surgical teaching program and local animal shelters decreases euthanasia of adoptable pets. At the University of California, Davis (UCD), shelter dogs are neutered by veterinary students and then returned to the shelter for adoption. The rates of adoption and euthanasia of the dogs neutered at UCD were contrasted with a comparison shelter group to determine the effect of pre-adoption neutering. The UCD-neutered dogs had a lower rate of euthanasia than the comparison shelter group at the shelters investigated. At Sacramento County Animal Care and Regulation, 73% of the UCD group but only 36% of the comparison group were adopted. At Yolo County Animal Services, 71% of the UCD group and 45% of the comparison group were adopted. The sex of an animal did not significantly affect the rate of euthanasia. Dogs that were predominantly pit bull, rottweiler, or chow chow breeds had higher rates of euthanasia than other breeds, independent of neuter status. Also, juveniles (less than one year old) had lower rates of euthanasia than adults, independent of neuter status. UCD adult dogs had lower rates of euthanasia than comparison adults. Post-surgical UCD dogs spent a longer average time in the shelter before adoption (15 days at Sacramento; 16 days at Yolo) than the comparison dogs (11 and 12 days, respectively). UCD dogs also spent a longer average time in the shelter before euthanasia (18 and 25 days, respectively) than the comparison dogs (13 days at both shelters). Lower probabilities of euthanasia for behavioral or medical reasons were found for UCD dogs than for the comparison dogs. The probability of euthanasia for reasons of space limitations increased with time in shelter for both groups. In this study, pre-adoption neutering increased adoptions without increasing the probability of medical or behavioral euthanasia. PMID:14976625

Clevenger, Jaime; Kass, Philip H

2003-01-01

292

National call for organizational change from sheltered to integrated employment.  

PubMed

Our purpose in this article is to contend that organizational change from sheltered to integrated employment is not only possible but necessary, and a federal Employment First agenda must be advanced. Findings are reported from interviews with senior managers from 10 organizations that have shifted their service delivery to community employment, and recommendations are provided based on these findings. Results reveal the commonalities among a diverse group of agencies, suggesting the viability of transformation of our current systems with the support and leadership of state and federal agencies and programs. PMID:21721978

Rogan, Patricia; Rinne, Susan

2011-08-01

293

An Empirical Study of Earth Covered Schools in Oklahoma. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of earth-covered schools in Oklahoma was conducted for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to assess the viability of these structures as learning and teaching environments, as cost beneficial investments, and as potential shelters from natural and man-made disasters. The study was aimed at identifying what information is…

Zaccor, James V.

294

Diagnostic, treatment, and prevention protocols for canine heartworm infection in animal sheltering agencies.  

PubMed

The high prevalence of heartworm infection in shelter dogs creates a dilemma for shelter managers, who frequently operate with insufficient funding, staffing, and expertise to comply with heartworm guidelines developed for owned pet dogs. The purpose of this study was to survey canine heartworm management protocols used by 504 animal sheltering agencies in the endemic states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi. Open-admission shelters, which tended to be larger and more likely to perform animal control functions, were less likely (41%) to test all adult dogs than were limited-admission shelters (80%), which tended to be smaller non-profit humane agencies, and foster programs (98%) based out of private residences. Open-admission shelters were more likely to euthanize infected dogs (27%) or to release them without treatment (39%), whereas limited-admission shelters and foster programs were more likely to provide adulticide therapy (82% and 89%, respectively). Of the 319 agencies that treated infections, 44% primarily used a standard two-dose melarsomine protocol, and 35% primarily used a three-dose split-treatment melarsomine protocol. Long-term low-dose ivermectin was the most common treatment used in 22% of agencies. Open-admission shelters were less likely (35%) to provide preventive medications for all dogs than were limited-admission shelters (82%) and foster programs (97%). More agencies used preventives labeled for monthly use in dogs (60%) than ivermectin products labeled for livestock (38%). The most common reason diagnostic testing and preventive medication was not provided was cost. These results indicate a lack of protocol uniformity among agencies and insufficient resources to identify, treat, and prevent infection. Sheltering agencies and companion animal health industries should develop guidelines that are feasible for use in sheltering agencies and provide improved access to preventive and treatment strategies for management of Dirofilaria immitis. PMID:21353743

Colby, Kathleen N; Levy, Julie K; Dunn, Kiri F; Michaud, Rachel I

2011-01-19

295

Underground and earth sheltered food storage: historical, geographic, and economic considerations  

SciTech Connect

Storage structures now used for bulk grain and beans have been derived from a combination of scientific experiments and tradition. Recent generations of US farmers have grown up with the understanding that grain is best stored in round metal bins or wooden cribs aboveground. It is generally thought that natural wind movements in the crib structures and forced air flow from aeration fans in metal bins will keep grain and beans safe, i.e., free of moisture accumulation and the resulting insect and fungal growth, and protected from germination, all of which deteriorate the commodity. North American farmers further believe that the low temperature of northern winters combined with careful use of aerating fans will keep the grain dry or beans safe (less than 14% moisture content) for years of storage. Traditional forms of grain and bean storage in other parts of the world have evolved differently. With the exception of North America, the people of every continent in the world have developed underground structures for long-term storage of food. A review of the varieties of underground structures that have evolved throughout the world, and research related to underground storage of grain and beans is presented.

Dunkel, F.V.

1985-01-01

296

US Army Rigid Wall 8 ft x 8 ft x 20 ft Shelters and US Marine Corps 8 ft x 8 ft x 20 ft Rigid Wall and Knockdown Shelters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A need existed to determine the operational effectiveness and military utility of the proposed US Army ISO configured rigid wall shelters and the US Marine Corps ISO configured rigid wall and knockdown shelters. A military potential type test was conducte...

1978-01-01

297

Oblique, Stratified Winds about a Shelter Fence. Part I: Measurements.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wind statistics were measured using cup and sonic anemometers, placed upwind and downwind from a porous plastic windbreak fence (height h = 1.25 m, length Y = 114 m, resistance coefficient kr0 = 2.4, and porosity p = 0.45) standing on otherwise uniform land (short grass with roughness length z0 1.9 cm). Intercomparison with collocated two-dimensional sonic anemometers suggested that, except in strongly stratified winds, cup anemometers (distance constant 1.5 m), subjected to a uniform overspeeding correction (here 10%), provide a reasonably accurate transect of the mean wind across the disturbed flow region. The measurements, binned with respect to mean wind direction and stratification, establish that the resistance coefficient of a windbreak of this type implies the maximum (or “potential”) mean wind reduction, a potential that is realized in neutral, perpendicular flow and for which a semiempirical formula is derived. Obliquity of the approaching wind reduces actual shelter effectiveness below the potential value, as was already known. However, a systematic influence of stratification could only be discriminated in winds that were not too far (say, within about ±30°) from perpendicular, under which conditions both stable and unstable stratification reduced shelter effectiveness. The “quiet zone,” in which velocity standard deviations (?u, ?) are reduced relative to the approach flow, was found to extend farther downwind for the normal velocity component (u) than for the parallel component ().


Wilson, John D.

2004-08-01

298

Physical Health, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse Problems of Shelter Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined physical health of 72 users of homeless shelters, comparing shelter users with mental illness or substance abuse problems with those without these problems. Found that alcohol abusers were significantly more likely to have low blood pressure, symptoms of liver disease, and tuberculosis treatment history. Found no health differences for…

Harris, Shirley N.; And Others

1994-01-01

299

The quality of life of ‘street children’ accommodated at three shelters in Pretoria: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research project is an exploratory study that aims to describe and examine the state and nature of the quality of life of street children accommodated at three shelters. A non?probability sample of 48 street children at three shelters was purposively selected. An interview schedule was constructed and administered to gather data. The statistical analyses comprised descriptive statistics, correlation analysis

Vuyisile Mathiti

2006-01-01

300

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A LOW-COST STREAM-MONITORING SHELTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The design and construction of a low-cost stream-monitoring shelter are discussed. urrently in use on the Fernow Experimental Forest in West Virginia, the shelter creates an environment for efficient sampling and chemical monitoring of small streams while protecting expensive equ...

301

Shelters for battered women and their children: an under-recognized source of communicable disease transmission.  

PubMed Central

A survey of 73 full-time government-funded shelters for battered women and their children from five geographic regions in 15 states provided information on communicable disease problems and control measures (focusing on diarrheal illness). Outbreaks of diarrheal illness involving more than 10 persons were reported by 12 per cent (9/73) of shelter directors. Less than half reported screening potential residents for communicable diseases before admitting them, and the majority reported that most of their staff are trained in basics of first aid, principles of hygiene, and experienced in day care work. More than half of the staff in the majority of shelters are counselors, but only 5 per cent (4/73) of shelters have health care workers. Less than one-fourth of the shelters have areas designated for diapering infants and less than half of the shelter directors knew of specified health regulations applying to their shelter. For most shelters, limitations on staff size, training, and funding may restrict the types of disease control measures they can apply. However, basic hygienic practices, such as strict handwashing and identification and cohorting of sick clients, may be effective in disease prevention.

Gross, T P; Rosenberg, M L

1987-01-01

302

Mediators of Suicidal Ideation Within a Sheltered Sample of Raped and Battered Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between suicide attempts and the experience of intimate partner physical violence has been examined in recent literature. The present study extended this literature by examining the relationship between intimate partner rape and suicidal ideation in a sheltered sample of battered women. Fifty women were recruited from a regional shelter setting for battered women in a Midwestern city in

Terri L. Weaver; Janice A. Allen; Elizabeth Hopper; Melissa L. Maglione; Dorcas McLaughlin; Mary Ann McCullough; Mary K. Jackson; Teresa Brewer

2007-01-01

303

Childhood out-of-home placement and dynamics of public shelter utilization among young homeless adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study determined the prevalence of childhood experiences with child welfare supervision and placement among a cohort of 11,401 young sheltered homeless adults and assessed the associations between this prior involvement with child welfare services and the risk of experiencing recurrent and extended episodes of shelter use. This study used the administrative data from two New York City agencies: the

Jung Min Park; Stephen Metraux; Dennis P. Culhane

2005-01-01

304

No evidence of shelter providing a metabolic advantage to the false clown anemonefish Amphiprion ocellaris.  

PubMed

There was no evidence that shelter conveyed a metabolic advantage to the false clown anemonefish Amphiprion ocellaris in terms of standard and routine rates of oxygen uptake. The metabolic and fitness benefit of shelter might not, therefore, be widespread among all fish species. PMID:23398079

Kegler, P; Kunzmann, A; Bröhl, S; Herbert, N A

2013-01-25

305

The Voices of Black and White Rural Battered Women in Domestic Violence Shelters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Very little research has examined the experiences of Black and White rural battered women. In this exploratory study of 88 participants, 30 rural battered women who sought assistance from domestic violence shelters in southwest Virginia were interviewed. Black and White rural women's experiences in the shelters, helpseeking, and perceived social…

Few, April L.

2005-01-01

306

[High School Sheltered Workshop for the Retarded in Missouri. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 3-year demonstration project at a sheltered workshop has provided prevocational training for 137 mentally retarded young adults, placed 28 of them in industry, and employs 38 in the sheltered workshop. The report includes goals and objectives of the project, project organization and operation, training procedures and techniques, contract…

Project, Inc., St. Louis, MO.

307

Reality Orientation Versus Sheltered Workshops as Treatment for the Institutionalized Aging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of two psychosocial treatments, Reality Orientation and Sheltered Workshops, were evaluated against an assessment-only control. Program effects were assessed before and after treatment using three variables: the Life Satisfaction Index-A, nurses' ratings, and behavior observations. Sheltered Workshops may be more beneficial for this…

MacDonald, Marian L.; Settin, Joan M.

1978-01-01

308

Physical Health, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse Problems of Shelter Users.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined physical health of 72 users of homeless shelters, comparing shelter users with mental illness or substance abuse problems with those without these problems. Found that alcohol abusers were significantly more likely to have low blood pressure, symptoms of liver disease, and tuberculosis treatment history. Found no health differences for…

Harris, Shirley N.; And Others

1994-01-01

309

Hurricane Katrina and the Flooding of New Orleans: Emergent Issues in Sheltering and Temporary Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hurricane Katrina created an unprecedented need for sheltering and temporary housing across a four-state area along the Gulf Coast. This article reviews the disaster literature with respect to sheltering and temporary housing and contrasts how these needs actually developed with respect to both the preimpact and postimpact evacuation situations. The article also investigates the ways that intergovernmental planning failed to

Joanne M. Nigg; John Barnshaw; Manuel R. Torres

2006-01-01

310

The Road to Nowhere... Barriers Facing Families in Search of Shelter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes obstacles Massachusetts families face in accessing emergency shelters when the system is underfunded and the Department of Transitional Assistance (DTA) seeks to deflect families' entry into shelter. The study presents data, interviews, and observations recorded over 7 months at the Boston Family Housing Office. Results…

Shamasunder, Reshma

311

Questions and Answers Regarding Actions to Take When Ending Shelter-in-Place  

SciTech Connect

Shelter-in-place has found increasing acceptance as an effective protective action option for communities participating in the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program. Studies have confirmed that it can provide optimum protection under certain accident conditions. However, emergency managers and planners, as well as the public, continue to be troubled by the need to end sheltering when the plume has passed in order to avoid sustained exposure to the small amount of agent that has penetrated the shelter. One of the concerns posed by this necessity is uncertainty regarding what hazards will then be faced in the environment outside the shelter and what actions can be taken to avoid those hazards. This report attempts to address those uncertainties. It recognizes that there is an extremely low probability that the environment outside the shelter will be contaminated with chemical agent residue. However, as people comply with an official recommendation to leave their shelters, they probably can't be certain that the environment is free from contamination. Therefore, this report identifies and explains specific and simple actions they can take to avoid the possibility of exposure to chemical agent hazards outside their shelters. It addresses such issues as the actions people should take upon ending shelter-in-place, what clothing they should wear, how they should handle animals, and what they should do about food in their homes and produce in their gardens.

Shumpert, B.

2003-12-30

312

Social networks and health of older people living in sheltered housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-seven residents from three sheltered accommodation schemes for people over 60 years, were interviewed about: their physical and mental health, social networks, social support, decision to move in, and how they found living in sheltered housing. Twenty-four percent had a diagnosis of depression and 8% dementia, but few had ever seen a mental health professional. Over half (55%) had clinically

E. M. Field; M. H. Walker; M. W. Orrell

2002-01-01

313

Dynamic Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dynamic Earth consists of four sections and an assessment. Each section explores one aspect of the earth's structure and the movement of its tectonic plates. Simply follow the instructions on the screen to learn about the layers that make up the earth; how the continents arrived at their current locations; the constant movement of the tectonic plates; and the volcanoes, earthquakes, and other events that result from the movements of the plates. Students will view animations, read explanations, and use their mouse to drag and drop the earth's continents in their correct places, highlight features on a map, and cause earth's tectonic plates to move. At various points, students will check their knowledge by taking a quick quiz or playing a game to see how much they have learned about the Dynamic Earth. Students should read section introductions carefully, as they give a basic overview of concepts, and use the Glossary to look up definitions to unfamiliar terms.

Quinn, Ashlinn

2007-01-01

314

Earth's Surface Features  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work in pairs on this worksheet and strengthen their background knowledge by identifying different features in photographs of Earth's surface. Then to build on this base, the students need to determine the key processes that form each of the features. To address a common misconception, students read a debate between two hypothetical students and need to determine which student is stating the scientifically correct idea. The project is summarized by a question posed about the features on a hypothetical planet.

Smay, Jessica J.

315

Earth Viewer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth Viewer was written primarily for elementary school students, and shows the daytime and nighttime portions of the Earth for any day of the year. Two views of the Earth are possible: a globe shows the planet as it would appear from space, and a map shows a flat view of the entire surface. The image can be animated or still, and set to any desired latitude and longitude.

Carlisle, Paul

316

Earth Lecture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lecture is about the Earth, the planet which we know the most about, due to our ability to explore its interior as well as exterior. The lecture will compare values and processes on other planets to those on the Earth. It covers topics such as the interior, surface features and observations. It also includes a discussion of the Earth's crust, atmosphere, evolution and magnetic field. There is a quiz at the end of the lecture.

Schombert, Jim

2008-12-15

317

Predictors of homelessness among families in New York City: from shelter request to housing stability.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined predictors of entry into shelter and subsequent housing stability for a cohort of families receiving public assistance in New York City. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 266 families as they requested shelter and with a comparison sample of 298 families selected at random from the welfare caseload. Respondents were reinterviewed 5 years later. Families with prior history of shelter use were excluded from the follow-up study. RESULTS: Demographic characteristics and housing conditions were the most important risk factors for shelter entry; enduring poverty and disruptive social experiences also contributed. Five years later, four fifths of sheltered families had their own apartment. Receipt of subsidized housing was the primary predictor of housing stability among formerly homeless families (odds ratio [OR] = 20.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 9.9, 42.9). CONCLUSIONS: Housing subsidies are critical to ending homelessness among families.

Shinn, M; Weitzman, B C; Stojanovic, D; Knickman, J R; Jimenez, L; Duchon, L; James, S; Krantz, D H

1998-01-01

318

The rate of public shelter admission among Medicaid-reimbursed users of behavioral health services.  

PubMed

This study examined the rate of admission to public shelters between 1990 and 1992 among persons who received Medicaid-reimbursed inpatient and outpatient psychiatric services and inpatient substance abuse services in Philadelphia between 1985 and 1993. Results show that 7.5 percent of such persons were admitted to public shelters during the three-year period, nearly 2.7 times the rate of shelter use by the general population (2.8 percent). Medicaid recipients treated for serious mental disorders had a three-year rate of shelter use of 8.4 percent. Those receiving inpatient treatment for substance use disorders, including detoxification services, had a three-year rate of shelter admission of 10.2 percent. PMID:9057244

Culhane, D P; Averyt, J M; Hadley, T R

1997-03-01

319

Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for an urban nuclear detonation scenario.  

SciTech Connect

Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. This study examines shelter-evacuate policies and effectiveness focusing on a 10 kt scenario in Los Angeles. The goal is to provide technical insights that can support development of urban response plans. Results indicate that extended shelter-in-place can offer the most robust protection when high quality shelter exists. Where less effective shelter is available and the fallout radiation intensity level is high, informed evacuation at the appropriate time can substantially reduce the overall dose to personnel. However, uncertainties in the characteristics of the fallout region and in the exit route can make evacuation a risky strategy. Analyses indicate that only a relatively small fraction of the total urban population may experience significant dose reduction benefits from even a well-informed evacuation plan.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2009-05-01

320

Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a Chicago nuclear detonation scenario.  

SciTech Connect

Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kt detonation in Chicago. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at selected exemplary points. For many Chicago neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2011-09-01

321

Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a national capital region nuclear detonation scenario.  

SciTech Connect

Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kT detonation in the National Capital Region. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at one exemplary point. For most Washington, DC neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2011-12-01

322

Microclimatic conditions and plant morpho-physiological development within a tree shelter environment during establishment of Quercus ilex seedlings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tree shelters are used commonly under a wide range of agriculture and forestry applications, and the presence of the shelter is known to influence plant development through shelter–plant interactions that affect microclimatic conditions. However, effects of tree shelter microclimates on development of relatively slow-growing forest tree species characteristic of semi-arid Mediterranean climates have yet to be examined. Under a controlled

Juan A. Oliet; Douglass F. Jacobs

2007-01-01

323

Green Buildings Virtual Tour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, learners will use Google Earth to explore the diversity of green buildings around the world. During the activity, they will look for and record the characteristics that make buildings 'green'. They will also refer to the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) consensus-based national rating system to understand how buildings are developed to be both effective and sustainable. This lesson plan includes suggested resources, wrap-up discussion questions, key vocabulary, and is standards-based.

Sciences, California A.

2009-01-01

324

A Review of Behavioral Assessment Protocols Used by Australian Animal Shelters to Determine the Adoption Suitability of Dogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community welfare and dogs in the shelter system and to ensure potentially dangerous dogs are not rehomed and suitable companions not wrongly euthanized.

Kate M. Mornement; Grahame J. Coleman; Samia Toukhsati; Pauleen C. Bennett

2010-01-01

325

Coordinating Communities and Building Governance in the Development of Schematic and Semantic Standards: the Key to Solving Global Earth and Space Science Challenges in the 21st Century.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Information Age in Science is being driven partly by the data deluge as exponentially growing volumes of data are being generated by research. Such large volumes of data cannot be effectively processed by humans and efficient and timely processing by computers requires development of specific machine readable formats. Further, as key challenges in earth and space sciences, such as climate change, hazard prediction and sustainable development resources require a cross disciplinary approach, data from various domains will need to be integrated from globally distributed sources also via machine to machine formats. However, it is becoming increasingly apparent that the existing standards can be very domain specific and most existing data transfer formats require human intervention. Where groups from different communities do try combine data across the domain/discipline boundaries much time is spent reformatting and reorganizing the data and it is conservatively estimated that this can take 80% of a project's time and resources. Four different types of standards are required for machine to machine interaction: systems, syntactic, schematic and semantic. Standards at the systems (WMS, WFS, etc) and at the syntactic level (GML, Observation and Measurement, SensorML) are being developed through international standards bodies such as ISO, OGC, W3C, IEEE etc. In contrast standards at the schematic level (e.g., GeoSciML, LandslidesML, WaterML, QuakeML) and at the semantic level (ie ontologies and vocabularies) are currently developing rapidly, in a very uncoordinated way and with little governance. As the size of the community that can machine read each others data depends on the size of the community that has developed the schematic or semantic standards, it is essential that to achieve global integration of earth and space science data, the required standards need to be developed through international collaboration using accepted standard proceedures. Once developed the standards also require some form of governance to maintain and then extend the standard as the science evolves to meet new challenges. A standard that does have some governance is GeoSciML, a data transfer standard for geoscience map data. GeoSciML is currently being developed by a consortium of 7 countries under the auspices of the Commission for the Management of and Application of Geoscience Information (CGI), a commission of the International Union of Geological Sciences. Perhaps other `ML' or ontology and vocabulary development `teams' need to look to their international domain specific specialty societies for endorsement and governance. But the issue goes beyond Earth and Space Sciences, as increasingly cross and intra disciplinary science requires machine to machine interaction with other science disciplines such as physics, chemistry and astronomy. For example, for geochemistry do we develop GeochemistryML or do we extend the existing Chemical Markup Language? Again, the question is who will provide the coordination of the development of the required schematic and semantic standards that underpin machine to machine global integration of science data. Is this a role for ICSU or CODATA or who? In order to address this issue, Geoscience Australia and CSIRO established the Solid Earth and Environmental Grid Community website to enable communities to `advertise' standards development and to provide a community TWIKI where standards can be developed in a globally `open' environment.

Wyborn, L. A.

2007-12-01

326

Earth Day  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On April 22, 2005, people around the world will celebrate the 35th anniversary of Earth Day. This Topic in Depth focuses on the past and present of this significant day. From the Wisconsin Historical Society, the first two sites contain historical documents pertaining to Earth Day. The first (1) document features a May 1970 issue of The Gaylord Nelson Newsletter reporting on the first Earth Day. The second (2) document is a speech by Nelson entitled "An Environmental Agenda for the 70's." Housed in the archives of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) website, the next two sites also contain historical documents. The first (3) site contains an article written by Nelson for the EPA Journal in April of 1980, entitled "Earth Day '70: What It Meant." The second (4) site contains an article written by John C. Whitaker (former Interior undersecretary in the Nixon administration) for the EPA Journal in the summer of 1998. The article is entitled "Earth Day Recollections: What It Was Like When the Movement Took Off." The (5) Earth Day Network (first mentioned in the April 4, 2003, Scout Report for Life Sciences) works "to broaden the environmental movement worldwide and to educate and mobilize people, governments, and corporations to take responsibility for a clean and healthy environment." In addition to information sections about Ongoing Programs, Current Campaigns, and News, the Earth Day Network website contains Earth Day 2005 Materials for organizers. From EarthDay.gov, Take Action In Your Classroom (6) offers links to a variety of environmental education resources. The next website, from the U.S. Army Environmental Center, presents (7) Army Earth Day; and links to information about the Army's environmental activities. The final (8) site is an Earth Day-inspired educational website (first reported on in the April 14, 1999 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) from the Wilderness Society. The site offers a collection of environmental education resources for teachers and students. [NL

327

Rainbow Earth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The environment is a great concern in the 1990s, and everyone needs to work at maintaining our planet. The 1992 Arizona State Library Reading Program, "Rainbow Earth," provides children with many techniques they can use to help the Earth. This reading program guide provides information on the following: goals, objectives, and evaluation; getting…

Arizona State Dept. of Library and Archives, Phoenix.

328

Earth tides  

SciTech Connect

Nineteen papers on gravity, tilt, and strain tides are compiled into this volume. Detailed chapters cover the calculation of the tidal forces and of the Earth's response to them, as well as actual observations of earth tides. Partial Contents: On Earth tides. The tidal forces: Tidal Forces. New Computations of the Tide-Generating Potential. Corrected Tables of Tidal Harmonics. The Theory of Tidal Deformations. Body Tides on an Elliptical, Rotating, Elastic and Oceanless Earth, Deformation of the Earth by Surface Loads. Gravimetric Tidal Loading Computed from Integrated Green's Functions. Tidal Friction in the Solid Earth. Loading Tides Versus Body Tides. Lunar Tidal Acceleration from Earth Satellite Orbit Analysis. Observations: gravity. Tidal Gravity in Britain: Tidal Loading and the Spatial Distribution of the Marine Tide. Tidal Loading along a Profile Europe-East Africa-South Asia-Australia and the Pacific Ocean. Detailed Gravity-Tide Spectrum between One and Four Cycles per Day. Observations: tilt and strain. Cavity and Topographic Effects in Tilt and Strain Measurement. Observations of Local Elastic Effects on Earth Tide Tilts and Strains.

Harrison, J.C.

1984-01-01

329

Earth Viewer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation is an enhanced image and animation of Earth from above that shows daytime and nighttime on 1/2 of the Earth at a time. The representation's viewing angle and date can be manipulated by the viewer, and the representation can be toggled between globe and map views.

Carlisle, Paul

330

Detail view of part of east side of building showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Detail view of part of east side of building showing scorecard and pencil holder - Fitzsimons General Hospital, Golf Course Waiting Shelter, Southwest area of Golf Course, 700 feet Northeast of intersection of West Harlow Avenue & Peoria Street, Aurora, Adams County, CO

331

Positive effects of shade and shelter construction by ants on leafhopper-ant mutualism.  

PubMed

The myrmecophilous five-spotted gamagrass leafhopper, Dalbulus quinquenotatus DeLong and Nault, and its tending ants on gamagrass Tripsacum dactyloides L. were examined to determine the influence of shade and ant-constructed shelters on the population sizes of D. quinquenotatus and ants. Gamagrass plants hosting ants and leafhoppers were exposed to 50, 30, or 0% artificially constructed shade. The greatest numbers of leafhoppers and ants were found on plants that received 50% shade. Shelters made by the ant Solenopsis geminata (F.) contained large numbers of leafhoppers and ants but were found only on T. dactyloides exposed to 50% shade in artificially constructed habitats. Additional sampling was conducted on wild gamagrass plants in the field to explore the presence of ants tending leafhoppers in shelters and to evaluate whether ant-constructed shelters protect leafhopper nymphs from parasitoid wasps. Large aggregations of S. geminata in shelters were also found in natural gamagrass habitats. Leafhopper nymphs living in shelters made by S. geminata may be protected against the dryinid wasp parasitoid Anteon ciudadi Olmi. No sheltered nymphs were parasitized by dryinids, whereas 24% of unsheltered nymphs had dryinid parasitism. PMID:19161690

Moya-Raygoza, Gustavo; Larsen, Kirk J

2008-12-01

332

Shelter availability, stress level and digestive performance in the aspic viper.  

PubMed

The lack of shelter can perturb behaviors, increase stress level and thus alter physiological performance (e.g. digestive, immune or reproductive functions). Although intuitive, such potential impacts of lack of shelter remain poorly documented. We manipulated shelter availability and environmental and physiological variables (i.e. access to a heat source, predator attack, feeding status) in a viviparous snake, and assessed sun-basking behavior, digestive performance (i.e. digestive transit time, crude estimate of assimilation, regurgitation rate) and plasma corticosterone levels (a proxy of stress level). Shelter deprivation provoked a strong increase in sun-basking behavior and thus elevated body temperature, even in unfed individuals for which energy savings would have been otherwise beneficial. The lack of heat was detrimental to digestive performance; simulated predator attacks worsened the situation and entailed a further deterioration of digestion. The combination of the lack of shelter with cool ambient temperatures markedly elevated basal corticosterone level and was associated with low digestive performance. This hormonal effect was absent when only one negative factor was involved, suggesting a threshold response. Overall, our results revealed important non-linear cascading impacts of shelter availability on stress-hormone levels, behaviors and physiological performance. These results infer that shelter availability is important for laboratory studies, captive husbandry and possibly conservation plans. PMID:23155080

Bonnet, Xavier; Fizesan, Alain; Michel, Catherine Louise

2012-11-15

333

Coercive Control and Abused Women's Decisions About Their Pets When Seeking Shelter.  

PubMed

The importance of pets in families, especially during major life stressors, is well documented. Research suggests links between pet ownership and intimate partner violence (IPV). This study explored abused women's decisions about pets when seeking help from a shelter. Interviews were conducted with 19 women who were pet owners. Using grounded theory methods, two patterns emerged surrounding abusers' treatment of pets, bonds to pets, women's decisions about pets upon seeking shelter, and future plans for pets. The presence of coercive control was central to these patterns. Women also discussed their experiences with and needs from shelter professionals and veterinarians with implications for practice. PMID:23670287

Hardesty, Jennifer L; Khaw, Lyndal; Ridgway, Marcella D; Weber, Cheryl; Miles, Teresa

2013-05-13

334

Dynamic Earth  

NASA Video Gallery

Watch this NASA animation as it shows a coronal mass ejection from the sun pelts Venus, and then zooms in for a close-up view of Earth's winds and ocean currents. > Related story > Download high-res video

gsfcvideo

2012-06-19

335

Earth Bulletin  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earth Bulletin is a series of stories that explain the science behind current environmental and atmospheric events on our planet. Content changes periodically and older stories are put into the sites archive.

336

Applying Cluster Analysis to Test a Typology of Homelessness by Pattern of Shelter Utilization: Results from the Analysis of Administrative Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests a typology of homelessness using administrative data on public shelter use in New York City (1988–1995) and Philadelphia (1991–1995). Cluster analysis is used to produce three groups (transitionally, episodically, and chronically homeless) by number of shelter days and number of shelter episodes. Results show that the transitionally homeless, who constitute approximately 80% of shelter users in both

Randall Kuhn; Dennis P. Culhane

1998-01-01

337

Earth materials and earth dynamics  

SciTech Connect

In the project ''Earth Materials and Earth Dynamics'' we linked fundamental and exploratory, experimental, theoretical, and computational research programs to shed light on the current and past states of the dynamic Earth. Our objective was to combine different geological, geochemical, geophysical, and materials science analyses with numerical techniques to illuminate active processes in the Earth. These processes include fluid-rock interactions that form and modify the lithosphere, non-linear wave attenuations in rocks that drive plate tectonics and perturb the earth's surface, dynamic recrystallization of olivine that deforms the upper mantle, development of texture in high-pressure olivine polymorphs that create anisotropic velocity regions in the convecting upper mantle and transition zone, and the intense chemical reactions between the mantle and core. We measured physical properties such as texture and nonlinear elasticity, equation of states at simultaneous pressures and temperatures, magnetic spins and bonding, chemical permeability, and thermal-chemical feedback to better characterize earth materials. We artificially generated seismic waves, numerically modeled fluid flow and transport in rock systems and modified polycrystal plasticity theory to interpret measured physical properties and integrate them into our understanding of the Earth. This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).

Bennett, K; Shankland, T. [and others

2000-11-01

338

Seismic Waves: How Earthquakes Move the Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the types of seismic waves produced by earthquakes and how they move the Earth. The dangers of earthquakes are presented as well as the necessity for engineers to design structures for earthquake-prone areas that are able to withstand the forces of seismic waves. Students learn how engineers build shake tables that simulate the ground motions of the Earth caused by seismic waves in order to test the seismic performance of buildings.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

339

Forging Inclusive Solutions: Experiential Earth Charter Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Forging Inclusive Solutions describes the aims, methodology and outcomes of Inclusive Leadership Adventures, an experiential education curriculum for exploring the Earth Charter. Experiential education builds meaningful relationships, skills, awareness and an inclusive community based on the Earth Charter principles. When we meet people where…

Hill, Linda D.

2010-01-01

340

Forging Inclusive Solutions: Experiential Earth Charter Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forging Inclusive Solutions describes the aims, methodology and outcomes of Inclusive Leadership Adventures, an experiential education curriculum for exploring the Earth Charter. Experiential education builds meaningful relationships, skills, awareness and an inclusive community based on the Earth Charter principles. When we meet people where they…

Hill, Linda D.

2010-01-01

341

Reducing Inappropriate Verbalizations in a Sheltered Workshop through Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A within-subject reversal design was employed in a sheltered workshop to assess the effects of differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) in reducing inappropriate verbalizations by a severely retarded adult with Down's syndrome. (Author/CL)

Konczak, Leopold J.; Johnson, C. Merle

1983-01-01

342

Flame Test for Medical Unit, Self-Contained Transportable (Inflatable Shelter Assembly).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

MUST (Medical Unit, Self-Contained Transportable) Shelters, supplied by three different manufacturers, were exposed to common hospital flame hazards, such as trash fires, lighted cigarettes, alcohol spills, and burning wastepaper baskets. In addition to t...

A. C. Delasanta A. J. Szlachtun E. T. Waldron J. A. Sousa M. Nakashima

1977-01-01

343

Women's shelters in Turkey: a qualitative study on shortcomings of policy making and implementation.  

PubMed

Despite a long history of women's movements and policy-making efforts to ameliorate women's status in Turkey, the number and quality of women's shelters are far from sufficient. This article aims to reveal the shortcomings of shelter policy through the lens of those "at work" on this important social issue using a qualitative research design. Forty semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with municipal administrative officials, state social workers, and employees of civil society organizations that run shelters. The research findings reveal that there is a lack of effective authority that has the willpower to combat violence against women, and that it is difficult to keep shelters secure in a patriarchal society away from the male gaze. Furthermore, results indicate that there has been an erosion of social services provided by the state. PMID:23676448

Diner, Cagla; Tokta?, ?ule

2013-03-01

344

To Determine the Feasibility of a Sheltered Workshop in Rural Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study traced the origin and development of the Lake Region (Minnesota) Sheltered Workshop, Inc. from its inception in October 1959 through December 1970, and obtained information regarding the adequacy of the workshop in meeting the needs of the commu...

J. Wolff

1970-01-01

345

Simulated Occupancy Tests and Air Distribution in a 480-Person Community Fallout Shelter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results of simulated occupancy tests determining the ventilation rate to maintain a habitable thermal environment in a 480-person community shelter are furnished. Effects of manual auxiliary air moving devices on the air distribution patterns in the shelt...

O. W. Svaeri M. M. Dembo

1965-01-01

346

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Colorado Springs/El Paso County, Colorado, October 1, 2008-September 30, 2009. Families in Emergency Shelter; Families in Transitional Housing; Individuals in Emergency Shelter; Individuals in Transitional Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2009 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2009-01-01

347

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Colorado Springs/El Paso County, Colorado, October 1, 2007-September 30, 2008. Families in Emergency Shelter; Families in Transitional Housing; Individuals in Emergency Shelter; Individuals in Transitional Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2008 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2008-01-01

348

Estimating the Urban Bias of Surface Shelter Temperatures Using Upper-Air and Satellite Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

An alternative method is presented for estimating the urban bias of surface shelter temperatures due to the effect of the urban heat island Multivariate regression techniques were utilized to predict surface shelter temperatures for the time period 1986-89 using upper-air data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) to represent the background climate, site-specific data to represent the

David Lee Epperson

1993-01-01

349

Predicting Re-Victimization of Battered Women 3 Years After Exiting a Shelter Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined interpersonal and ecological predictors of re-victimization of a sample of women with abusive partners. All women (N = 124) had sought refuge from a battered women’s shelter 3 years earlier, and half the sample had been randomly assigned to receive free, short-term advocacy services immediately upon exit from the shelter. Results 2 years post-intervention revealed positive change

Deborah Bybee; Cris M. Sullivan

2005-01-01

350

Interpreting Fluctuations in the Book-Tax Income Gap as Tax Sheltering: Alternative Explanations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many view the book-tax income gap as a measure of tax sheltering. Economists and legislators almost exclusively interpret changes in the book-tax income gap as due to changes in tax sheltering behavior. This paper studies alternative factors which influence the book-tax income gap. I find that changes to the calculation of book income, general business conditions, and earnings management explain

Jeri K. Seidman

351

Concurrent Feelings of Power and Dependency in a Sheltered Workshop for Chronic Neuropsychiatrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the reported feelings of power and dependency of chronic neuropsychiatric patients in a sheltered workshop. Self-evaluations of dependency were assessed in relation to one real-life role (i.e. disabled welfare recipient), and evaluations of power feelings were assessed in relation to another real life role (i.e. worker in a sheltered workshop), with a complementary work-related performance measure.

Brock K. Kilbourne

1983-01-01

352

[Reform steps toward networking sheltered workshops and the general labour market].  

PubMed

Only 0.16% of disabled employees are enabled to change from sheltered workshops to the general labour market. At the same time the number of disabled employees in sheltered workshops is increasing more than anticipated. Investigations into the growing admissions to sheltered workshops resulted in recommendations to improve the practice of change over. More and more admissions of students having finished special schools could be reduced by improved cooperation between special schools and the local employment market. Special schools should offer suitable job trainings and support students to develop an understanding of the requirements of specific jobs and of their opportunities to develop their skills to do these jobs. In 2009, supported employment has been regulated in social security law, lasting up to three years and aimed at qualifying disabled youngsters for employment in the general labour market instead of entering sheltered workshops. The majority of admissions to sheltered workshops in the meantime concern people with psychological handicaps, with more than 30% however leaving the workshops later on. For this population, "virtual sheltered workshops" are offering more suitable means for reintegration in the general labour market, such as temporary employment in the general labour market or in occupations with small earnings. The personal budget for work is meant to be a model project within the German Länder, to transfer personal support from the sheltered workshop into the general labour market. The conference of German Länder Ministers of Social Affairs has been active since 2007 to develop a concept for reform of the social security law concerning integration assistance for disabled people, which in future is to concentrate on individual needs, removal of obstacles in the law to facilitate the transition from sheltered workshops into the general labour market. The "Deutsche Verein für öffentliche und private Fürsorge" (German association for public and private welfare) has contributed valuable suggestions to the reform debate, all of which should be realized by the German Government during the seventeenth legislative period. PMID:20178060

Wendt, S

2010-02-22

353

Wind sheltering of a lake by a tree canopy or bluff topography  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is developed to quantify the wind sheltering of a lake by a tree canopy or a bluff. The experiment-based model predicts the wind-sheltering coefficient a priori, without calibration, and is useful for one-dimensional (1-D) lake hydrodynamic and water quality modeling. The model is derived from velocity measurements in a boundary layer wind tunnel, by investigating mean velocity profiles

Corey D. Markfort; Angel L. S. Perez; James W. Thill; Dane A. Jaster; Fernando Porté-Agel; Heinz G. Stefan

2010-01-01

354

Wind sheltering of a lake by a tree canopy or bluff topography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model is developed to quantify the wind sheltering of a lake by a tree canopy or a bluff. The experiment-based model predicts the wind-sheltering coefficient a priori, without calibration, and is useful for one-dimensional (1-D) lake hydrodynamic and water quality modeling. The model is derived from velocity measurements in a boundary layer wind tunnel, by investigating mean velocity profiles and surface shear stress development downwind of two canopies and a bluff. The wind tunnel experiments are validated with field measurements over an ice-covered lake. Both wind tunnel and field experiments show that reduced surface shear stress extends approximately 50 canopy heights downwind from the transition. The reduction in total shear force on the water surface is parameterized by a wind-sheltering coefficient that is related to the reduction of wind-affected lake area. While all measurements are made on solid surfaces, the wind-sheltering coefficient is shown to be applicable to the lake surface. Although several canopy characteristics, such as its height, aerodynamic roughness, and its porosity affect the transition of velocity profiles and surface shear stress onto a lake, a relationship based on canopy height alone provides a sufficiently realistic estimate of the wind-sheltering coefficient. The results compare well with wind-sheltering coefficients estimated by calibration of lake water temperature profile simulations for eight lakes.

Markfort, Corey D.; Perez, Angel L. S.; Thill, James W.; Jaster, Dane A.; Porté-Agel, Fernando; Stefan, Heinz G.

2010-03-01

355

Food safety training needs at evacuation shelters operated by faith-based organizations.  

PubMed

The authors conducted a survey to identify food safety training needs at evacuation shelters operated by faith-based organizations (FBOs) in four hurricane-prone states. Five thousand randomly selected FBO leaders were asked questions about their food safety attitudes and food handling practices at evacuation shelters. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of variance were calculated to summarize and prioritize the responses. Results from 138 leaders revealed that on average, 590 +/- 4,787 evacuees were served for 36 +/- 72 days at FBO-operated shelters. Only 19.6% felt they were well prepared for the shelter. Only 5.8% had professional food preparation staff and many accepted hot (47.8%) and cold (37%) prepared food donations. Some lacked adequate refrigerator (18.8%) or freezer (16.7%) spaces, but 40% kept hot food leftovers for later use. The majority did not provide food safety training before opening the shelters (73.2%), yet 76.9% said they will provide food to evacuation shelters again. The results show a need for food safety training and specific strategies for training at FBOs. PMID:24073485

Kwon, Junehee; Zottarelli, Lisa; Kwon, Sockju; Lee, Yee Ming; Ryu, Dojin

2013-09-01

356

The Geoscience Diversity Enhancement Program (GDEP): Building an Earth System Science Centered Research, Education, and Outreach Effort in Urban Long Beach, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Geoscience Diversity Enhancement Program (GDEP) is an NSF-OEDG funded project at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB). Program goals include increasing awareness of geoscience careers, and the availability and accessibility of research experiences, to area high school and community college faculty and students from underrepresented groups. Begun in fall 2001, GDEP involves faculty leadership within three CSULB departments; geological sciences, geography, and anthropology, as well as five community colleges, and one of the largest K-12 school districts in California, Long Beach Unified. In addition, linkages to CSULB's outreach and student orientation activities are strong, with the facilitation of staff in CSULB's Student Access to Science and Mathematics (SAS) Center. During the first year, program activities centered around three major objectives: (1) creating the CSULB leadership team, and developing a robust and sustainable decision-making process, coupled with extensive relationship-building with community college and high school partners, (2) creating an evaluation plan that reflects institutional and leadership goals, and comprehensively piloting evaluation instruments, and, (3) designing and implementing a summer research experience, which was successfully inaugurated during summer 2002. We were very successful in achieving objective (1): each member of the leadership group took strong roles in the design and success of the program. Several meetings were held with each community college and high school faculty colleague, to clarify and reaffirm program values and goals. Objective (2), led by project evaluator David Whitney, resulted in an array of evaluation instruments that were tested in introductory geology, geography, and archaeology courses at CSULB. These evaluation instruments were designed to measure attitudes and beliefs of a diverse cross-section of CSULB students. Preliminary analysis of survey results reveals significant differences among ethnic groups in their perceptions and understanding of geoscience disciplines. Objective (3), the summer research experience, was also very successful: more than 25 faculty and students participated in the experience. Our preliminary analyses of the impact of the summer research experience show that research work combining field experiences, ready access to faculty mentors, and a team approach to investigations appeared most valuable to program participants.

Ambos, E. L.; Behl, R.; Francis, R. D.; Larson, D. O.; Ramirez, M.; Rodrigue, C.; Sample, J.; Wechsler, S.; Whitney, D.; Hazen, C.

2002-12-01

357

Earth Attractions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners build and test a compass. Learners work in pairs and pretend they are stuck in the wilderness at night. They must use the supplies provided to build a simple compass to determine which way to walk to reach the town. This lesson plan includes a worksheet and map for learners to use during the activity.

Extension, University O.

2002-01-01

358

Project Earth Science: Meteorology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The forecast for learning meteorology is bright! With nineteen hands-on activities, ten readings, and a thorough resource guide, Project Earth Science: Meteorology brings the atmosphere right into the classroom. Designed for small budgets, Meteorology is teacher-written and classroom-tested, with ready-to-use, self-directed activities. These activities require students to make clouds and hail; build weather maps; and understand the causes of smog, ozone depletion, and acid rain. Whether it's exploring basic principles or following real-world examples, your students will agree--discovering how weather works was never this much fun!

Ford, Brent A.; Smith, P. S.

2001-01-01

359

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Adams County, Colorado, October 1, 2008-September 30, 2009. Families in Emergency Shelter; Families in Transitional Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2009 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2009-01-01

360

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Adams County, Colorado, October 1, 2010-September 30, 2011. Families in Emergency Shelter; Families in Transitional Housing; Families in Permanent Supportive Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2011 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2011-01-01

361

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Adams County, Colorado, October 1, 2009-September 30, 2010. Families in Emergency Shelter; Families in Transitional Housing; Families in Permanent Supportive Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2010 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2010-01-01

362

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Adams County, Colorado, October 1, 2007-September 30, 2008. Families in Emergency Shelter; Families in Transitional Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2008 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2008-01-01

363

Development of a Fuel Containing Material Removal and Waste Management Strategy for the Chernobyl Unit 4 Shelter  

SciTech Connect

A study was performed to develop a strategy for the removal of fuel-containing material (FCM) from the Chernobyl Unit 4 Shelter and for the related waste management. This study was performed during Phase 1 of the Shelter Implementation Plan (SIP) and was funded by the Chernobyl Shelter Fund. The main objective for Phase 2 of the SIP is to stabilize the Shelter and to construct a New Confinement (NC) by the year 2007. In addition, the SIP includes studies on the strategy and on the conceptual design implications of the removal of FCM from the Shelter. This is considered essential for the ultimate goal, the transformation of the Shelter into an environmentally safe system.

Tokarevsky, V. V.; Shibetsky, Y. A.; Leister, P.; Davison, W. R.; Follin, J. F.; McNair, J.; Lins, W.; Edler, G.

2002-02-27

364

Earth Walk  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this hands-on and feet-on excursion, learners take a science walk to visualize the planet's immense size and numerous structures, without the usual scale and ratio dimensions found in most textbooks. Learners also compare their body's height to a scaled-down Earth.

Muller, Eric

1995-01-01

365

Impact Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This planetarium show teaches about meteors, meteorites, asteroids, and comets. It includes results from NASA missions and about the dangers they can pose to life on Earth. It is created for full-dome theaters but can also be shown in flat version for TVs and computer monitors. Shows the effects of the Chixulub and Tungusta events, plus the Pallasite impact that resulted in the Brenham meteorite fall. Describes ways that asteroid hunters seek new objects in the Solar System, and how ground-penetrating radar is used to find meteorites that have reached the Earth's surface and ancient craters under the desert. Narrated by astronaut Tom Jones, it also discusses ways that humans might try to deflect an asteroid or comet that is on a collision course with Earth. Created for informal science venues (digital planetariums), it is also useful as ancillary material for middle school science. Created under NASA Cooperative Agreement NCC5-316 to Rice University in conjunction with the Houston Museum of Natural Science as part of the "Immersive Earth" project, part of the REASoN program.

Reiff, Patricia

2009-05-01

366

Visualizing Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Visualizing Earth program uses the power of visualizations (pictures, maps, spatial representations) to help learners to visualize large volumes of data, perceive and understand complex concepts, create mental models of systems, and comprehend the interactions among data elements. Site materials include remote imagery (mostly Landsat and Space Shuttle images) of Earth surface features such as the Aral Sea, Salton Sea, and volcanoes around the world (Mt. Shasta, Mt Fuji, Mt. Kilimanjaro, and others). There is also a section that uses maps to describe and explain earthquake occurences in the Mammoth Lakes, California, area, and a VRML presentation that shows the relationship between the hypocenter and epicenter of an earthquake. The 'Fun stuff' section includes features about the Aral Sea and the Salton Sea, as well as 'Earth Detective', a feature on the use of remote imagery to detect fault systems, and a tutorial on the basics of geology. There is also information of the schools that participated in the Visualizing Earth program, and a page of links to other websites with related information.

367

Spaceship Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, from Science NetLinks, students will develop an understanding of our planet as a system by designing a very-long-duration space mission in which the life-support system is patterned after that of earth.

Science Netlinks;

2002-09-10

368

Earth's Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides an overview of the distribution and occurence of water on Earth. Topics include where and how much water there is, the water cycle, and how water is measured. There is also discussion of characteristics and distribution of surface water, groundwater, glaciers, and icecaps.

369

Earth meandering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we try to put away current Global Tectonic Model to look the tectonic evolution of the earth from new point of view. Our new dynamic model is based on study of river meandering (RM) which infer new concept as Earth meandering(EM). In a universal gravitational field if we consider a clockwise spiral galaxy model rotate above Ninety East Ridge (geotectonic axis GA), this system with applying torsion field (likes geomagnetic field) in side direction from Rocky Mt. (west geotectonic pole WGP) to Tibetan plateau TP (east geotectonic pole EGP),it seems that pulled mass from WGP and pushed it in EGP due to it's rolling dynamics. According to this idea we see in topographic map that North America and Green land like a tongue pulled from Pacific mouth toward TP. Actually this system rolled or meander the earth over itself fractaly from small scale to big scale and what we see in the river meandering and Earth meandering are two faces of one coin. River transport water and sediments from high elevation to lower elevation and also in EM, mass transport from high altitude-Rocky Mt. to lower altitude Himalaya Mt. along 'S' shape geodetic line-optimum path which connect points from high altitude to lower altitude as kind of Euler Elastica(EE). These curves are responsible for mass spreading (source) and mass concentration (sink). In this regard, tiltness of earth spin axis plays an important role, 'S' are part of sigmoidal shape which formed due to intersection of Earth rolling with the Earth glob and actual feature of transform fault and river meandering. Longitudinal profile in mature rivers as a part of 'S' curve also is a kind of EE. 'S' which bound the whole earth is named S-1(S order 1) and cube corresponding to this which represent Earth fracturing in global scale named C-1(cube order 1 or side vergence cube SVC), C-1 is a biggest cycle of spiral polygon, so it is not completely closed and it has separation about diameter of C-7. Inside SVC we introduce cone vergence cube (CVC or geotectonic equator GE) which rotate 45 degree counterclockwise with respect to SVC. Every cube from big scale to small scale fractalize in order of 23 and every '8' shape from big scale to small scale also fractalize in the same order. Three dimensional and fractoscopic imagination about understanding the changing on earth is very important so we should imagine '8' as curved surface, sea floor spreading happened in maximum curvature of these surfaces. '8' formed from pair 'S' string with opposite direction. '8' oscillate in Pole-Pole and Side-Side direction and have saddle geometry with two 'U' path along perpendicular saddle (e.g. Lut/Jazmurian and Helmand/Mashkal basin in Iran actually intersection of this saddle shape with the earth surface and Iceland /Black Sea and CapeVerde/Victoria Lake are also In/Out (small scale polygon) of 'U' shape conduit which followed axial saddle of Side-'S-2' and Okhotsk Sea /Balkhash Lake followed axial saddle conduit of Pole-'S-2' actually intersection of this perpendicular conduit with surface make spot-like-lakes/volcanoes or basin. Global EM in Side-S-1 bounded compression region-TP inside and tension region-East African Rift offside).This is a interesting competing between two kinematic geometry - spherical and isometrical geometry by using the interaction of them we can analyze the earth face in past, present and future apart of the forces that cause this face. C-1 in two dimensional look like six sided big tent which speared over Tibet and main rod driven along GA. Pair S-1 curve. have seven component(fold) and six segment in between,S-7 exactly located on TP(center of S-1). Between two successive fold we have complex geology(e.g. eastern Iran and Afghanistan)mass dragged from North America and Siberian and accumulated gradually during six step in Earth Foundation(Tibet),S-7 bounded Takla Makan Desert (in smaller loop) and TP (in bigger loop) S-7 alter the earth balance and responsible for earth disturbing, another sample of 'S' curve we see around Australia and Kermadec/Tonga Trench, Aleutian ri

Asadiyan, H.; Zamani, A.

2009-04-01

370

FAST CHOPPER BUILDING, TRA665. CAMERA FACING NORTH. NOTE BRICKEDIN WINDOW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

FAST CHOPPER BUILDING, TRA-665. CAMERA FACING NORTH. NOTE BRICKED-IN WINDOW ON RIGHT SIDE (BELOW PAINTED NUMERALS "665"). SLIDING METAL DOOR ON COVERED RAIL AT UPPER LEVEL. SHELTERED ENTRANCE TO STEEL SHIELDING DOOR. DOOR INTO MTR SERVICE BUILDING, TRA-635, STANDS OPEN. MTR BEHIND CHOPPER BUILDING. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD42-1. Mike Crane, Photographer, 3/2004 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

371

A review of behavioral assessment protocols used by Australian animal shelters to determine the adoption suitability of dogs.  

PubMed

Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community welfare and dogs in the shelter system and to ensure potentially dangerous dogs are not rehomed and suitable companions not wrongly euthanized. This study reviewed a sample of Australian nonhuman animal shelters assessment protocols to determine adoption suitability. The study observed more than 50 assessments in 8 shelters, collected materials relating to the observed assessments, and interviewed 26 shelter workers who assess dogs. The results showed that Australian shelters use a variety of protocols to assess adoptability. Although shelters do their best to ensure meaningful results, assessments developed in-house predominate and lack standardization in content and methodology; none have been adequately evaluated in the peer-reviewed literature. This does not necessarily mean invalid or inappropriate assessments; rather, it indicates the need for behavioral scientists to assist in developing standardized and scientifically validated protocols for assessing shelter dogs' behavior and adoption suitability. PMID:20865615

Mornement, Kate M; Coleman, Grahame J; Toukhsati, Samia; Bennett, Pauleen C

2010-01-01

372

Separating the effects of shelter from additional cage enhancements for group-housed BALB/cJ mice.  

PubMed

Enrichment studies with rodents have demonstrated that cage enhancements can improve animal welfare and performance on common behavioral measures, but few studies have compared more than one type of enrichment or controlled for confounds, and some have revealed undesirable effects including increased aggression. We compared effects on male (n=51) and female (n=52) BALB/cJ mice of three common additions to a standard home cage: shelter, shelter+running wheel, and shelter+novel objects. Mice in all conditions lived in standard sized cages with 3-4 mice per cage. Males evidenced significant condition effects. Shelter increased longevity and maintained low levels of aggression. Adding a running wheel increased aggression over shelter alone, changed behavior in the elevated plus (EP) and open field (OF), and maintained the improved longevity seen in all shelter conditions. Novel objects impacted behavioral measures compared to the standard condition. An Igloo shelter without running wheel creates a very different home cage environment than the same shelter with the running wheel attached. Shelter, with positive impact on animal welfare, minimal effects on some common behavioral measures, and some positive effects on test variance, warrants consideration for routine inclusion with group-housed BALB/cJ males. PMID:21457758

Swetter, Brentt J; Karpiak, Christie P; Cannon, J Timothy

2011-03-30

373

REACTOR SERVICE BUILDING, TRA635. CAMERA FACING NORTHWEST. BUILDING PROJECTS FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

REACTOR SERVICE BUILDING, TRA-635. CAMERA FACING NORTHWEST. BUILDING PROJECTS FROM AND CONNECTS TO SOUTH WALL OF MTR BUILDING. EARTH BERM SHIELDING PLUG STORAGE BUILDING IS AT RIGHT OF VIEW. INL NEGATIVE NO. 9913. Unknown Photographer, 2/23/1954 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

374

Earth-Moon-Sun Dynamics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site serves as a portal for the Earth-Moon-Sun (EMS) Dynamics section of the Modeling for Understanding in Science Education (MUSE) project. Links lead to background material entitled Introduction to Earth-Moon-Sun Dynamics, Explanatory Models, Our Research, Teaching Strategies, Learning Outcomes and Assessment. The twelve classroom activities are arranged as active links in outline form under the topics Introducing Scientific Models, Building the EMS Model, and Applications of the EMS Model. The topic names are also active links which lead to background information on each.

375

Providing Shelter to Nursing Home Evacuees in Disasters: Lessons From Hurricane Katrina  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined nursing home preparedness needs by studying the experiences of nursing homes that sheltered evacuees from Hurricane Katrina. Methods. Five weeks after Hurricane Katrina, and again 15 weeks later, we conducted interviews with administrators of 14 nursing homes that sheltered 458 evacuees in 4 states. Nine weeks after Katrina, we conducted site visits to 4 nursing homes and interviewed 4 administrators and 38 staff members. We used grounded theory analysis to identify major themes and thematic analysis to organize content. Results. Although most sheltering facilities were well prepared for emergency triage and treatment, we identified some major preparedness shortcomings. Nursing homes were not included in community planning or recognized as community health care resources. Supplies and medications were inadequate, and there was insufficient communication and information about evacuees provided by evacuating nursing homes to sheltering nursing homes. Residents and staff had notable mental health–related needs after 5 months, and maintaining adequate staffing was a challenge. Conclusions. Nursing homes should develop and practice procedures to shelter and provide long-term access to mental health services following a disaster. Nursing homes should be integrated into community disaster planning and be classified in an emergency priority category similar to hospitals.

Laditka, Sarah B.; Laditka, James N.; Xirasagar, Sudha; Cornman, Carol B.; Davis, Courtney B.; Richter, Jane V.E.

2008-01-01

376

Breathing Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visual simulation and representation programs and applications have been popping up online in greater numbers, and this recent find is one that will pique the interest of scientists, policy makers, and others who are concerned about carbon dioxide emission rates across the Earth. The Breathing Earth site was created by David Bleja, and he draws on a number of resources (such as the World Factbook and the United Nations) for the data that is utilized to create this site. Visitors can scroll over different countries to learn about their population, their emissions, and their birth and death rate. This interactive map and educational resource also contains a legend in the right-hand corner which explains the various symbols in use here.

Bleja, David

377

Earth Math  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This text explores a few of the many concepts that frequently come up in the study of Earth systems and global climate change. Students will be exposed to many problems involving unit conversion. Global climate change reports involve terms such as kilowatt-hour, megawatt-hour, and gigawatt-hour, as well as megatons and gigatons. Students will become versed in converting units where appropriate, and through the calculations, will work with the concept of significant figures. Creating linear equations from graphical and tabular information is covered, as well as forecasting. The text is meant to be used as a companion to standard Earth science and mathematics courses, and presents enough application problems to allow students to quantitatively understand typical media reports about global climate change.

2009-01-01

378

Earth Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Earth Institute at Columbia University is to help the world achieve sustainability by expanding understanding of the Earth as one integrated system. Through research, education, and the practical application of research to real-world challenges, the Institute addresses nine interconnected global issues: climate and society, water, energy, poverty, ecosystems, public health, food and nutrition, and hazards and urbanization. The Institute's site offers a collection of videotaped events, including the biannual "State of the Planet" conferences, 2002-08, a Distinguished Lecture series, and the Sustainable Development seminar series, as well as e-seminars and e-briefings, information about funding opportunities, and information about educational opportunities at Columbia.

379

Earth Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth Lab is a database of fossils, minerals and rocks from the UK. A photograph is displayed for each specimen selected, as well as the scientific name, location and properties or age of the specimen. The fossils can be searched by area, age, and group; minerals by area, element, group, and property; and rocks by area, geological age, and type of rock. A series of questions allows users to identify their own specimens.

380

An Evaluation of a Behaviour Assessment to Determine the Suitability of Shelter Dogs for Rehoming  

PubMed Central

We evaluated a scheme for assessing shelter dog behaviour, which used 28 tests and rated responses from 0 (positive response) to 5 (fear, tonic immobility, or escape attempts). The assessment was evaluated for 236 dogs, and was repeated by a different assessor for 39 dogs approximately 80 days after rehoming to determine relevance of individual test components. A new owner survey evaluated satisfaction with the dog. A total of 130 of 236 dogs passed (score ? 70), 24 scored 71–80 (referred for behavioural modification), and 82 (score > 80) failed. Scores were mainly unaffected by dog type and environmental variables, but decreased if dog faeces from a previous test was present in the arena during a test. Shelter tests only correlated with repeat tests if there was no direct contact with assessors. Adopters were satisfied with their dogs, despite reporting some behaviour problems. The shelter assessment was therefore robust against most outside influences but did not predict responses to people well.

Poulsen, A. H.; Lisle, A. T.; Phillips, C. J. C.

2010-01-01

381

Chernobyl shelter implementation plan -- project development and planning: Setting the stage for progress  

SciTech Connect

On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (NPP) experienced a devastating accident. This accident left much of the plant and its safety systems destroyed with widespread radioactive waste contamination from the damaged nuclear fuel. In the 6 months following the accident, heroic measures were taken to stabilize the situation and erect a temporary confinement shelter over the damaged unit 4. Since that time the shelter and the contained radioactive materials and debris have begun to deteriorate. Lack of funding and staff has allowed only minor improvements to occur on-site, resulting in an existing shelter that is unstable and deteriorating. International aid has been provided to develop a comprehensive plan for the safe and environmentally sound conversion of the damaged Chernobyl reactor. These efforts are being performed in conjunction with US experts, European experts, and local Chernobyl NPP personnel. This plan is discussed here.

Johnson, W. [Parsons Infrastructure and Technology Group, Richland, WA (United States); Kreid, D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); DeFranco, W. [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1998-09-01

382

Medicalizing homelessness: the production of self-blame and self-governing within homeless shelters.  

PubMed

This article draws upon three years of ethnographic research within an emergency homeless shelter in Massachusetts to explore the subject-making effects of routine shelter helping practices. A medicalized discourse of deviancy is uncovered that provides the dominant conceptual framework within which both concerned homeless people and shelter staff remain enmeshed. As a result, helping practices focus on detecting, diagnosing, and treating understood deviancy within the bodies or selves of homeless people. The dominant discursive practices produce homeless subjects who learn to look within their selves for the "cause" of their homelessness. Treatment focuses on reforming and governing the self. Alternative discourses suggesting the need for practices challenging broader political economic processes are thus marginalized as peripheral and unreasonable. PMID:11036582

Lyon-Callo, V

2000-09-01

383

Exploration of the prevalence and correlates of substance use among sheltered adolescents in South Korea.  

PubMed

Substance use among sheltered adolescents is very serious in South Korea--a nation in the process of rapid industrialization and urbanization. However, few studies have investigated substance use among the adolescents which is a growing concern of the changing society of this nation. This study examined the prevalence of substance use and explored risk factors that predict substance abuse by sheltered adolescents. Through a questionnaire survey of sheltered adolescents, data on substance use and the risk factors were collected. The sample of the adolescents included 44 (33.3%) males and 88 (67.2%) females; their mean age was 15.8 years (SD = 1.62). The results of a logistic regression analysis showed that alcohol expectancy, physical abuse, and peer pressure were all statistically significantly associated with substance abuse. Findings on the critical issues are expected to lead to the development of urgently needed prevention programs for the high-risk adolescents in South Korea. PMID:18047242

Park, Sookyung; Kim, Hae Sung; Kim, Haeryun; Sung, Kgu-taik

2007-01-01

384

Thermal Comfort Tools for Emergency Shelter in Major Disasters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many basic yet effective building environment tools are not used and moreover not included in courses on design and construction. This is evident in the gaps in the literature and more importantly by their non use in the field (12) (13). Basic tools such as bio-climatic charts, the Griggs Putnam Defomity index for wind, house spacing to ensure natural ventilation

Regan Potangaroa; Max Hynds

385

Seasonal shifts in shelter and microhabitat use of drymarchon couperi (eastern indigo snake) in Georgia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drymarchon couperi (Eastern Indigo Snake), a threatened species of the southeastern Coastal Plain of the United States, has experienced population declines because of extensive habitat loss and degradation across its range. In Georgia and northern Florida, the species is associated with longleaf pine habitats that support Gopherus polyphemus (Gopher Tortoise) populations, the burrows of which D. couperi uses for shelter. The extent that D. couperi uses these burrows, in addition to the use of other underground shelters and the microhabitat features associated with these structures is largely unknown. From 2003 through 2004, we conducted a radiotelemetry study of D. couperi (n = 32) to examine use of shelters and microhabitat in Georgia. We used repeated measures regression on a candidate set of models created from a priori hypotheses using principal component scores, derived from analysis of microhabitat data to examine microhabitat use at underground shelters. Proportion of locations recorded underground did not differ seasonally or between sexes. In winter, we recorded >0.90 of underground locations at tortoise burrows. Use of these burrows was less pronounced in spring for males. Females used abandoned tortoise burrows more frequently than males year-round and used them on approximately 0.60 of their underground locations during spring. Microhabitat use at underground shelters was most influenced by season compared to sex, site, or body size. Females in spring and summer used more open microhabitat compared to males, potentially in response to gestation. Our results suggest that the availability of suitable underground shelters, especially G. polyphemus burrows, may be a limiting factor in the northern range of D. couperi, with important implications for its conservation. ?? 2009 by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists.

Hyslop, N. L.; Cooper, R. J.; Meyers, J. M.

2009-01-01

386

Earth Structure: Layers of the Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive Flash allows users to explore Earth's structure and processes that occur on Earth such as earthquakes and plate tectonics and how scientists know the composition and state of the Earth's layers. Interactive diagrams and animations with supplementary information make this a helpful overview or review for high school and undergraduate introductory-level courses in physical geology and Earth sciences.

Smoothstone; Mifflin, Houghton

387

Trends in domestic violence service and leadership: implications for an integrated shelter model.  

PubMed

Domestic violence is a dangerous and prevalent social problem affecting up to 4 million women and countless children annually. Shelters offer safety and an opportunity for change during the crisis of family violence. These individuals also have the potential for retraumatization if leadership within the program recapitulates the abuse and coercion felt at home. This article reviews three related trends through the lens of power and control--domestic violence policy and service, models of leadership, and the study of traumatic stress disorders and recovery--and describes their implications for modern shelter service delivery. PMID:10943018

Panzer, P G; Philip, M B; Hayward, R A

2000-05-01

388

Prevalence of treated behavioral disorders among adult shelter users: a longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Of 27,638 homeless adults admitted to Philadelphia public shelters in the years 1990 through 1992, 20.1% received treatment for a mental health disorder, and 25.3% for a substance use disorder in the years 1985 through 1993. An additional 20.7% were identified as having untreated substance use problems. Overall, a total of 65.5% of adult shelter users were identified as ever having had a mental health or substance use problem, treated or untreated. PMID:9494643

Culhane, D P; Avery, J M; Hadley, T R

1998-01-01

389

Prevalence and host determinants of occupational bronchial asthma in animal shelter workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  We examined the risk factors for the development of airway allergy in animal shelter workers.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The study population comprised 88 animal shelter workers occupationally exposed to cats and dogs. They responded to a questionnaire\\u000a concerning the history of exposure to animal allergens and job characteristics and were subjected to skin prick test (SPT)\\u000a to common and occupational allergens (cat and

Anna Krakowiak; Patrycja Krawczyk; Bogdan Szulc; Marta Wiszniewska; Monika Kowalczyk; Jolanta Walusiak; Cezary Pa?czy?ski

2007-01-01

390

Earth Gauge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth Gauge is a free environmental information service for broadcast meteorologists in major U.S. media markets, based on the 3-5 day forecast. The service is designed to make it easy to talk about the links between weather and the environment on-air with simple "factoids" and viewer action tips. Teachers or students can browse an index of weather conditions, environmental impacts, and viewer action tips for many locations, organized by city, weather type, or environmental topic. There are also links to additional resources, including fact sheets and special features, imagery, video clips, and others.

391

Mother\\/Child Interaction Among Homeless Women and Their Children in a Public Night Shelter in Atlanta, Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public night shelters across the nation serve as a temporary resting place for hundreds of thousands of homeless families. In this article the delicate and important dyad of mother and child is described as observed in one such shelter. Through participant\\/observation the authors provide a look at the impact that circumstance may have on the nature and quality of mother\\/child

Nancy A. Boxill; Anita L. Beaty

1990-01-01

392

The Perceived Impact of a Child Maltreatment Report from the Perspective of the Domestic Violence Shelter Worker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to examine domestic violence shelter workers' perceptions of child maltreatment reporting. A sample of 82 professionals from domestic violence shelters across the United States participated in a survey focusing on a variety of different types of reports and the frequency of both positive and negative outcomes arising…

Steen, Julie A.

2009-01-01

393

The Role of Sheltered Workshops in the Vocational Education of Students in the Special Services School District of Bergen County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document reports the rationale, goals, objectives, and activities of a Bergen County (New Jersey) program to appraise students in the sheltered workshop relative to prevocational and vocational strengths and needs and to prepare students with the necessary knowledge, skills, and attitudes for functioning semi-independently in sheltered

Bergen County Special Services School District, Paramus, NJ.

394

The Role of the Sheltered Workshops in the Rehabilitation of the Severely Handicapped. Volume I--Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The executive summary of a three-volume study of the role of sheltered workshops in the rehabilitation of the severely handicapped includes a brief description of the research that was undertaken in the project and a summary of the study's findings. Site visits to 400 sheltered workshops throughout the country formed the basis for the study. The…

Greenleigh Associates, Inc., New York, NY.

395

Impact of Intensive Professional Development on Teachers' Use of Sheltered Instruction with Students Who Are English Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of professional development on teachers' use of sheltered instruction. The participants included 23 teachers from the same elementary school who participated in all components of the study over a span of two years. Teachers demonstrated increased knowledge of sheltered instruction as measured…

Crawford, Lindy; Schmeister, Megan; Biggs, Alicia

2008-01-01

396

46 CFR 42.03-35 - U.S.-flag vessels and Canadian vessels navigating on sheltered waters of Puget Sound and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Canadian vessels navigating on sheltered waters of Puget Sound and contiguous west coast waters of United States and Canada. 42.03-35...and Canadian vessels navigating on sheltered waters of Puget Sound and contiguous west...

2012-10-01

397

46 CFR 42.03-35 - U.S.-flag vessels and Canadian vessels navigating on sheltered waters of Puget Sound and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Canadian vessels navigating on sheltered waters of Puget Sound and contiguous west coast waters of United States and Canada. 42.03-35...and Canadian vessels navigating on sheltered waters of Puget Sound and contiguous west...

2011-10-01

398

Earth-air heat exchanger  

SciTech Connect

Optimizing the thermal environment of a livestock building is beneficial to the growth and production of the animal. Minimizing temperature extremes of inlet ventilation air to the livestock building by passing the air through underground ducts would accomplish this goal. Providing this optimum environment by reducing heating and cooling loads would reduce energy costs and increase profits for the producer. The heat transfer in an earth-air heat exchanger was studied in two phases to develop design criteria for these systems. The experimental phase consisted of an earth-air exchanger installation from which data were collected during hot weather (cooling effect), cold weather (heating effect), and mild weather performances. The analytical phase developed a finite element program for simulating the earth-air heat exchanger and studying the effects of important parameters on the heat transfer rate and the air temperature. Results of the first phase were used to verify the computer model. Design criteria for the earth-air heat exchanger were determined based on the information obtained in the two phases of this study.

Kammel, D.W.

1985-01-01

399

NASA Earth Exchange: Next Generation Earth Science Collaborative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Earth Exchange (NEX) is a collaboration platform for the Earth science community creating new ways for scientific interaction and knowledge sharing. Funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, NEX combines state-of-the-art supercomputing, Earth system modeling, workflow management, NASA remote sensing data feeds, and a social networking platform to deliver a complete work environment in which users can explore and analyze large datasets, run modeling codes, collaborate on new or existing projects, and quickly share results among the Earth science communities. The work environment provides NEX members with community supported modeling, analysis and visualization software in conjunction with datasets that are common to the Earth systems science domain. By providing data, software, and large-scale computing power together in a flexible framework, NEX reduces the need for duplicated efforts in downloading data, developing pre-processing software tools, and expanding local compute infrastructures-while accelerating fundamental research, development of new applications, and reducing project costs. The social networking platform provides a forum for NEX members to efficiently share datasets, results, algorithms, codes, and expertise with other members. Since all members' work environments reside on the collaborative platform, sharing may be done without the transfer of large volumes of data or the porting of complex codes-making NEX an ideal platform for building upon and exchanging research, and fostering innovation.

Nemani, R. R.; Votava, P.; Michaelis, A.; Melton, F. S.; Milesi, C.

2011-12-01

400

NASA Earth Exchange: A Collaborative Earth Science Platform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Earth Exchange (NEX) is a collaboration platform for the Earth science community creating new ways for scientific interaction and knowledge sharing. Funded through ARRA, NEX combines state-of-the-art supercomputing, Earth system modeling, workflow management, NASA remote sensing data feeds, and a social networking platform to deliver a complete work environment in which users can explore and analyze large datasets, run modeling codes, collaborate on new or existing projects, and quickly share results among the Earth science communities. The work environment provides NEX members with community supported modeling, analysis and visualization software in conjunction with datasets that are common to the Earth systems science domain. By providing data, software, and large-scale computing power together in a flexible framework, NEX reduces the need for duplicated efforts in downloading data, developing pre-processing software tools, and expanding local compute infrastructures—while accelerating fundamental research, development of new applications, and reducing project costs. The social networking platform provides a forum for NEX members to efficiently share datasets, results, algorithms, codes, and expertise with other members. Since all members' work environments reside on the collaborative platform, sharing may be done without the transfer of large volumes of data or the porting of complex codes—making NEX an ideal platform for building upon and exchanging research, and fostering innovation. Architecture of NEX integrating social networking, super-computing and data center. The prototyping facility allows users to test their models, algorithms prior to deploying them on the super-computers when required.

Nemani, R. R.; Votava, P.; Michaelis, A.; Melton, F. S.; Hashimoto, H.; Milesi, C.; Wang, W.; Ganguly, S.

2010-12-01

401

Savage Earth: The Restless Planet - Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article, entitled Earth: All Stressed Out, dicusses the reasons for crustal movement, the different types of faults and seismic waves, and an explanation of how the damage is caused. The article includes several animations that support the explanations, plus a video taken during a destructive California earthquake. There are also three sidebars that support the article. They are Learning from Earthquakes, Quake Prediction, and Build Smart. A companion animation illustrates how earthquake waves travel around and through the Earth.

402

Earth's Oceans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource guide from the Middle School Portal 2 project, written specifically for teachers, provides links to exemplary resources including background information, lessons, career information, and related national science education standards. This guide focuses on the oceans as a part of the Earth system: the link between oceans and climate; tsunamis; life science concepts such as ocean ecosystems, food webs, and biodiversity; real data â both sources of and projects that use real data; and related careers. There is also a section on the misconceptions commonly surrounding ocean concepts and finally the National Science Education Standards that these resource connect to. So even though you might not teach a unit called oceans, the oceans can be used as a context within an existing unit, such as ecosystems, energy transfer, systems thinking, or methods in science.

Lightle, Kimberly; Fries-Gaither, Jessica

2009-10-01

403

Fire Protection System for Hardened Aircraft Shelters. Volume 3. Appendix H.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To keep personnel, aircraft, and munitions safe and ready, a fire protection system for hardened aircraft shelter (HAS) is needed. This report describes the effort to design, integrate, and test a fire protection system to combat fires in HAS, aircraft an...

D. M. Zallen E. T. Morehouse B. R. Dees J. L. Walker P. Campbell

1987-01-01

404

Cognitive Coaching: A Critical Phase in Professional Development to Implement Sheltered Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This documentary account describes professional development for teachers in the USA serving culturally and linguistically diverse students. The purpose of the project was to monitor effectiveness of training in Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) and to assess the value of cognitive coaching. Quantitative and qualitative data…

Batt, Ellen G.

2010-01-01

405

The Corporate Profit Base, Tax Sheltering Activity, and the Changing Nature of Employee Compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the evolution of the corporate profit base and the relationship between book income and tax income for U.S. corporations over last two decades. The paper demonstrates that this relationship has broken down over the 1990s and has broken down in a manner that is consistent with increased sheltering activity. The paper traces the growing discrepancy between book

Mihir A. Desai

2002-01-01

406

Teacher Learning and ELL Reading Achievement in Sheltered Instruction Classrooms: Linking Professional Development to Student Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase in language minority students in U.S. schools has drawn attention to instructional models designed to assist these students. It is critical that literacy educators understand the potential of these models for literacy achievement. This study was designed to examine reading achievement of elementary English language learners in classrooms where teachers implemented a popular sheltered instruction model called SIOP

Ellen McIntyre; Diane Kyle; Cheng-Ting Chen; Marco Muñoz; Scott Beldon

2010-01-01

407

The Efficacy of Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) in Mathematics Instruction on English Language Learner Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies by the National Association for Educational Progress found that English Language Learner (ELL) students perform poorly compared to other students on standardized mathematics exams. The research problem addressed how Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) affected the instructional practices of high school mathematics teachers.…

Vidot, Jose L.

2011-01-01

408

Gimme shelter! rents have risen, not fallen, since World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two recent studies have concluded that for roughly four decades the measure of inflation for rents in the U.S. consumer price index was substantially underestimated. Why should this mismeasurement be of concern? In “Gimme Shelter! Rents Have Risen, Not Fallen, Since World War II,” Len Nakamura explains that rents are important in measuring the price of housing services for homeowners

Leonard Nakamura

2007-01-01

409

Facilitating Transition to the Mainstream: Sheltered English Vocabulary Development. Program Information Guide Series Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adapted from a curriculum guide prepared by the Hartford, Connecticut Bilingual Program's Vocabulary Development Committee, this guide to vocabulary development in sheltered English offers practical ideas for content area instruction to limited-English-speaking students in the language classroom, with the objective of facilitating transition from…

Pierce, Lorraine Valdez, Comp.

410

Reassessing Shelter Assistance in America. Volume I: Analysis and Findings. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)--through the explicit and implicit shelter allowance provided under Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and General Assistance--spends at least $10 billion a year on housing assistance, or about as much as the Department of Housing and…

Newman, Sandra J.; Schnare, Ann B.

411

The influence of environmental change on the behaviour of sheltered dogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of sheltered dogs are overlooked for purchase because they are considered undesirable by potential buyers. Many factors may determine a dog's appeal, although of interest here are the dog's behaviour and cage environment which can influence its desirability. People prefer dogs which are at the front rather than the back of the cage, quiet as opposed to barking,

Deborah L Wells; Peter G Hepper

2000-01-01

412

Heart rate variability and saliva cortisol assessment in shelter dog: Human–animal interaction effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a human interaction program on shelter dogs and to determine the effect on canine heart rate variability, behaviour, and salivary cortisol levels. Twenty dogs were behaviourally (temperament tests) and clinically (full cardiologic examination) pre-tested and then matched in two homogenous groups. Ten dogs (group A) were submitted to a

Luciana Bergamasco; Maria Cristina Osella; Paolo Savarino; Giuseppe Larosa; Laura Ozella; Monica Manassero; Paola Badino; Rosangela Odore; Raffaella Barbero; Giovanni Re

2010-01-01

413

The effect of shelter on salinity preference behaviour of the shore crab carcinus maenas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of shelter on the salinity preference behaviour of red and green colour forms of the shore crab Carcinus maenas (Crustacea: Decapoda) was investigated in the laboratory and the field. Red colour forms which are in a state of prolonged intermoult are less tolerant of low salinity than green colour forms and are absent from estuaries. In choice chamber

I. J. McGaw; E. Naylor

1992-01-01

414

Timing of mussel mortality and predator activity in sheltered bays of the Gulf of Maine, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The timing of mortality in the mussel Mytilus edulis and the activities of its predators were monitored on the mid and low shore at three similar sites in sheltered bays. Experimental clumps containing an average of 15 mussels were attached to the rocky shore for 11–57 days during three summers. The arrival of predators, deaths due to predators and to

Peter S Petraitis

1998-01-01

415

Factors influencing efficacy of plastic shelters for control of bacterial blight of lilac  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Plastic shelters are thought to manage bacterial blight by protecting plants from rain and/or frost. In February to April 2008 and 2009, we studied the contribution of frost protection to efficacy of this cultural control practice. Lilacs in 1-gallon pots were exposed to four treatments: 1) plants...

416

2010-2011 Inventors Competition--Winners of the "Gimme Shelter" Competition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of entries to this year's "Tech Directions" Inventors Competition exceeded even the record set by the 2009-2010 contest--and gave engineer/inventor Harry T. Roman quite a judging challenge. This year's challenge called on students to propose designs for inexpensive, portable shelters that could be used by people made homeless by natural…

Tech Directions, 2011

2011-01-01

417

Incidence and Correlates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Battered WomenShelter and Community Samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Battered women have been identified as being at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study further articulated the nature of the relationship between the trauma of battery and PTSD. One hundred seventy-nine battered women and 48 nonbattered but verbally abused women were recruited from several sources (shelters, support groups, therapist referrals, community). Battered women with and without PTSD were

ANITA KEMP; BONNIE L. GREEN; CHRISTINE HOVANITZ; EDNA I. RAWLINGS

1995-01-01

418

Service Quality and Corporate Social Responsibility, Influence on Post-Purchase Intentions of Sheltered Employment Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of service quality and corporate social responsibility (CSR) on customer satisfaction, and customer satisfaction toward post-purchase intentions from sheltered employment institutions. Work experience plays an important role in career development for those people with intellectual…

Chen, Chao-Chien; Lin, Shih-Yen; Cheng, Chia-Hsin; Tsai, Chia-Ching

2012-01-01

419

Proposed new handbook for the Federal Emergency Management Agency: radiation safety in shelters  

SciTech Connect

This handbook is proposed to replace the portion of the current Handbook for Radiological Monitoring that deals with protection of people in shelters from radiation from fallout resulting from nuclear war. Basic information at a high-school level is given on how to detect nuclear radiation, how to find and improve the safest places in a shelter, the necessity for and how to keep records on individual radiation exposures, and how to minimize exposures. Several new procedures are introduced, some of which are based more on theoretical considerations than on actual experiments. These procedures include: (1) the method of time-averaging radiation readings taken with one instrument in different locations of a large shelter while fallout is coming down and radiation levels are climbing too rapidly for direct comparison of readings to determine the safest location; (2) the method of using one's own body to obtain directionality in radiation readings taken with a standard Civil Defense survey meter; (3) the method of using mutual shielding to reduce the average radiation exposure to shelter occupants; and (4) the ratio method for estimating radiation levels in hazardous areas.

Haaland, C.M.

1981-09-01

420

Exploration of the Prevalence and Correlates of Substance Use among Sheltered Adolescents in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance use among sheltered adolescents is very serious in South Korea--a nation in the process of rapid industrialization and urbanization. However, few studies have investigated substance use among the adolescents which is a growing concern of the changing society of this nation. This study examined the prevalence of substance use and explored…

Park, Sookyung; Kim, Hae Sung; Kim, Haeryun; Sung, Kgu-taik

2007-01-01

421

Facilitation of bilberry by mountain birch in habitat severely disturbed by pollution: Importance of sheltering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earlier we demonstrated that in heavily polluted industrial barren dwarf shrubs grew and reproduced better under top-canopy plants than in gaps, while in undisturbed forests they performed better in gaps than under tree canopies. During 2002–2004 we used bilberry, Vaccinium myrtillus to experimentally test the hypothesis that positive effects observed in industrial barrens were due to mechanical sheltering of dwarf

Elena L. Zvereva; Mikhail V. Kozlov

2007-01-01

422

The soft coral community on a sheltered reef quadrat at Laing Island (Papua New Guinea)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-one species of soft corals have been found on a 30×20 m quadrat on the sheltered shore of Laing Island, on the north coast of Papua New Guinea. Their contribution to the living coverage has been quantified, with special attention to zonation. The observed distribution patterns are discussed and the importance of vegetative propagation for some of the species is

B. Tursch; A. Tursch

1982-01-01

423

Mental Health Disorders and Functioning of Women in Domestic Violence Shelters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the presence of mental health symptoms and disorders reported by 74 women in a domestic violence shelter and the impact of those symptoms on function in work, school, and social encounters. Findings are compared to estimates of U.S. women generally, based on a national sample of over 65,000 women drawn from the 1995…

Helfrich, Christine A.; Fujiura, Glenn T.; Rutkowski-Kmitta, Violet

2008-01-01

424

2010-2011 Inventors Competition--Winners of the "Gimme Shelter" Competition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The number of entries to this year's "Tech Directions" Inventors Competition exceeded even the record set by the 2009-2010 contest--and gave engineer/inventor Harry T. Roman quite a judging challenge. This year's challenge called on students to propose designs for inexpensive, portable shelters that could be used by people made homeless by…

Tech Directions, 2011

2011-01-01

425

Behavioural and physiological responses of shelter dogs to long-term confinement.  

PubMed

In Italy, National Law (281/1991) prohibits euthanasia of shelter dogs if they are not dangerous or suffering seriously. Adoption rates in rescue shelters are often lower than entrance rates, leading inevitably to overcrowded facilities where animals are likely to spend the rest of their lives in kennels. In this situation, housing conditions (i.e. space provided, environmental, and social stimulation) may have an impact on canine welfare. In this research project, the effects of two different forms of housing (group- and pair housing) on long-term shelter dogs were compared using behavioural and physiological parameters. Observational data and saliva samples were collected from dogs exposed to both experimental settings; behaviour and cortisol concentration levels were used as welfare indicators. Pair housing offered fewer social and environmental stimuli and behavioural analysis showed a significant decrease in locomotor, exploratory, and social behaviour. Cortisol levels show that this parameter varied independently of housing conditions. Although this study found no evidence suggesting that one form of confinement reduced animal welfare more than the other (e.g. in terms of abnormal behaviour, or higher cortisol concentrations), the type of confinement did affect the expression of a variety of behaviours and these variations should not be ignored with respect to housing decisions for long-term shelter dogs. PMID:23888421

Dalla Villa, Paolo; Barnard, Shanis; Di Fede, Elisa; Podaliri, Michele; Candeloro, Luca; Di Nardo, Antonio; Siracusa, Carlo; Serpell, James A

426

Development of damage and casualty functions for basement shelters. Final report on phase 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes progress during the second year's work on a Civil Defense program to provide FEMA with a range of damage functions and casualty functions to determine the survivability fo people in various basement shelters. The characteristics of flat and two-way slab systems and the effects of code specified design procedures, engineering practice, and construction procedures were discussed. Non-upgraded

C. Wilton; T. C. Zsutty; A. B. Willoughby

1983-01-01

427

Mental Health Disorders and Functioning of Women in Domestic Violence Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the presence of mental health symptoms and disorders reported by 74 women in a domestic violence shelter and the impact of those symptoms on function in work, school, and social encounters. Findings are compared to estimates of U.S. women generally, based on a national sample of over 65,000 women drawn from the 1995 National Health Interview Survey.

Christine A. Helfrich; Glenn T. Fujiura; Violet Rutkowski-Kmitta

2008-01-01

428

Patterns of Habitation and Burial Activity in the Ban Rai Rock Shelter, Northwestern Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The excavation of the Ban Rai rock shelter reported here is part of the Highland Archaeology Project, which is investigating cultural chronology and palaeoenvironment in the district of Pang Mapha in northwestern Thailand (Shoocongdej 2000, 2001, 2002a, 2002b ). The site had been surveyed and studied by a number of researchers previously (Fine Arts Department 1987; Krajaechan 2001; Sawatsalee 1998;

Cherdsak Treerayapiwat

2005-01-01

429

Temperature and relative humidity affect the selection of shelters by Triatoma infestans, vector of Chagas disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preference of Triatoma infestans for shelters at different temperatures or relative humidities (RH) was tested in laboratory assays. The insects preferred refuges at a temperature of 34°C rather than 26°C, and chose to stay in refuges with an RH of 20% rather than 80%. Temperature and RH records made inside and outside experimental chicken-houses under natural climatic conditions showed

Marcelo G Lorenzo; Claudio R Lazzari

1999-01-01

430

Vocational Histories of Sheltered Workshop Employees Placed in Projects With Industry and Competitive Jobs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Job placement histories of 73 sheltered workshop employees placed in Projects With Industry (PWI) or competitive jobs in calendar year 1978 are examined during a 30 month period. Of the 27 people placed in PWI positions, 48% are subsequently placed in competitive jobs. Of the 53 competitive placements in 1978, 60% are competitively employed 7- 1-80. Job variables such as

Michael Brickey; Lynne Browning; Ken Campbell

431

A Five-Year Follow-Up of Sheltered Workshop Employees Placed in Competitive Jobs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal interviews and agency records were used to examine month-by-month vocational histories of 53 sheltered workshop employees placed in competitive jobs. Most participants who were still employed after four to five years had parental support, while those who returned to the workshop or were unemployed did not. (Author/CL)

Brickey, Michael P.; And Others

1985-01-01

432

The Missing Link in Evaluating Sheltered Workshop Programs: The Clients' Input.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an ethnographic study, 16 mentally retarded clients of a sheltered workshop were consulted about their work roles and program. The findings reveal their confusions about the workshop's role in helping them and describes their perspectives on whether to leave the workshops for "outside jobs." (Author/CL)

Dudley, James R.; Schatz, Mona Struhsaker

1985-01-01

433

Self-Management "Additives" for Improving Work Productivity of Mentally Retarded Workers in Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the addition of two self-management strategies to typical supervision to improve productivity of eight mentally retarded workers in a sheltered workshop. Both strategies--(1) self monitoring plus goal setting and social contingencies and (2) addition of a monetary bonus for productivity--were equally effective in improving…

Mullen, Heather; Martin, Garry L.

1988-01-01

434

A human sexuality program for developmentally disabled women in a sheltered workshop setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a human sexuality program at a sheltered workshop involving primarily emotionally and mentally disabled women, designed to respond to the need to learn about their sexuality and discuss such feelings openly. Because of their limited reading skills, most retarded individuals do not possess the ability to learn about general sexual information from pamphlets and booklets which are

Denise Thaler Green

1983-01-01

435

Effect of Goal Setting with Feedback on Productivity in a Sheltered Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of goal setting and knowledge of results on the productivity of four mildly and moderately mentally retarded adults in a sheltered workshop were investigated. On the average, the use of goal setting and knowledge of results considerably increased the productivity over the original baseline levels. (SEW)

Principato, Frank Robert

1983-01-01

436

Content validation on the Work Performance Rating Scale for sheltered workshop workers.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to revise the content of the Work Performance Rating Scale (WPRS) as a valid assessment tool for sheltered workshop workers. A focus group of 11 sheltered workshop workers was recruited to collect their opinions about the relevance of the WPRS from the service users' perspectives. A panel of 23 frontline practitioners who had experience in using various work assessment instruments provided at their work setting was recruited to review the content of the WPRS. A 14-item amended version of the WPRS with five new items added was proposed based on the opinions of service users, frontline practitioners, and the concept of the Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment (MTWA). An expert panel of 12 professionals at the senior level from various vocational rehabilitation settings was recruited to comment on the content validity of the 14-item amended version of the WPRS. The expert panel agreed that the amended version of the WPRS was related to the concept of job satisfactoriness which could be used to assess the work performance of sheltered workshop workers. Thus, the use of the MTWA for improving the content validity of the WPRS to assess the employability of sheltered workshop workers was supported by the findings of the study. PMID:16340111

Lo, Kaiser K Y; Li, Eria P Y

2005-01-01

437

Purpose in Life and Occupational Interest in a Gerontological Sheltered Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured the concept of purpose-in-life and underlying occupational interests and aspirations of older men and women in a gerontological sheltered workshop. Findings, which include that the construct of purpose-in-life and vocational aspirations are poorly related for workshop participants, are discussed in terms of previous research. (Author)

Laufer, William S.; And Others

1981-01-01

438

Validity of the Vocational Adaptation Rating Scale: Prediction of Mentally Retarded Workers' Placement in Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The validity of the Vocational Adaptation Rating Scale (VARS) for predicting placement of 125 mentally retarded workers in sheltered workshop settings was investigated. Results indicated low to moderate significant partial correlations with concurrent placement and one year follow-up placement (controlling IQ, age, and sex). (Author)

Malgady, Robert G.; And Others

1980-01-01

439

Conversation Skill Training with Mentally Retarded and Learning Disabled Sheltered Workshop Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the effects of conversation skills training for two retarded and one learning disabled participant in a sheltered workshop. Results indicated that participants improved their use of targeted conversational skills over the course of training, but had difficulty generalizing target behaviors to other individuals. (JAC)

Roessler, Richard T.; Lewis, Frank D.

1984-01-01

440

A Supervisory Strategy to Improve Work Performance for Lower Functioning Retarded Clients in a Sheltered Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple-component strategy was investigated for aiding staff responsible for supervising production of 16 lower-functioning retarded clients (ages 20 to 53) on contract tasks in an institution-based sheltered workshop. Production performance increased during the production supervisory strategy with all 16 clients, with the range of increase…

Martin, Garry; And Others

1980-01-01

441

Training and Durability of Behaviour Management Techniques with Staff in a Sheltered Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four supervisors working in a sheltered workshop for developmentally disabled adults participated in a behavior management program. Tests of durability of the altered behavior at three months and six months after completion of training showed that three supervisors had maintained low levels of attending to inappropriate trainee behaviors. (Author)

Robinson, David

1982-01-01

442

Money Isn't Everything: Opportunities for Elderly Handicapped Men in a Sheltered Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little attention has been given to the severely handicapped older person. A group of disabled elderly men participating as unpaid volunteers in a bi-weekly sheltered workshop indicated that being able to help others, getting out of the house, and sociability were important reasons for their interest and participation. (Author)

Fengler, Alfred P.; Goodrich, Nancy

1980-01-01

443

Cognitive Coaching: A Critical Phase in Professional Development to Implement Sheltered Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This documentary account describes professional development for teachers in the USA serving culturally and linguistically diverse students. The purpose of the project was to monitor effectiveness of training in Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) and to assess the value of cognitive coaching. Quantitative and qualitative data sources…

Batt, Ellen G.

2010-01-01

444

Turnover among New Employees with Physical and Mental Disabilities because of Unsuccessful Socialization in Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the relationship between prognosis of turnover (before placement) and actual turnover within two years after placement for new handicapped employees (N=1948) in Dutch sheltered workshops. The clinical judgment of rehabilitation professionals proved to be the best predictor variable controlling for all other explanatory…

Dijkstra, Atze

1986-01-01

445

Vocational Histories of Sheltered Workshop Employees Placed in Projects with Industry and Competitive Jobs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job placement histories of 73 mentally retarded sheltered workshop employees placed in Projects With Industry (PWI) or competitive jobs in calendar year 1978 were examined during a 30-month period. Job variables such as structure appear to be more important to job success than employee demographic variables such as IQ. (Author)

Brickey, Michael; And Others

1982-01-01

446

Rehabilitation, Sheltered Workshops, and the Disadvantaged: An Exploration in Manpower Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains presentations and summary of a conference designed to explore the potential of the rehabilitation model in providing rehabilitation and manpower services to the disadvantaged through sheltered workshops. Presented by scholars and practitioners in the fields of manpower economics, psychology, social psychology, sociology,…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell Univ.

447

The role of shelter in Australia for protecting soils, plants and livestock  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this review is to examine the current knowledge of the role of trees in providing shelter for pastures, crops, and livestock, for controlling erosion of soils and improving productivity and sustainability of agricultural production in Australia — and the extent to which this knowledge has been applied.

P. R. Bird; D. Bicknell; P. A. Bulman; S. J. A. Burke; J. F. Leys; J. N. Parker; F. J. VAN DER SOMMEN; P. Voller

1992-01-01

448

Concurrent Feelings of Power and Dependency in a Sheltered Workshop for Chronic Neuropsychiatrics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It has been argued that traditional psychiatric labels, hospitalization, anti-psychotic medication, and associated assistance programs tend to reinforce and perpetuate a sense of helplessness and dependency among mental patients. To investigate feelings of power and dependency of 15 neuropsychiatric patients in a sheltered workshop,…

Kilbourne, Brock K.; Kilbourne, Maria T.

449

The Efficacy of Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) in Mathematics Instruction on English Language Learner Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies by the National Association for Educational Progress found that English Language Learner (ELL) students perform poorly compared to other students on standardized mathematics exams. The research problem addressed how Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) affected the instructional practices of high school mathematics teachers.…

Vidot, Jose L.

2011-01-01

450

The Shelter Management Contingency Game: I. Development and Initial Evaluation of a Training Version.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the work was the further development of a Shelter Management Contingency Game. The goal was to demonstrate the feasibility of the game as a training device, and so the main emphasis in the work consisted of the production and testing of a v...

J. F. Hale E. Bend F. B. Jeffreys

1967-01-01

451

Remission of PTSD after victims of intimate partner violence leave a shelter.  

PubMed

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem associated with high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few longitudinal studies have investigated IPV-related PTSD and we know of only 1 longitudinal study to date that has explored IPV-related PTSD in residents of battered women's shelters. The current report describes a prospective study of IPV-related PTSD in an initial sample of 147 residents of battered women's shelters. Baseline correlates of remission of IPV-related PTSD (i.e., PTSD and IPV severity, loss of personal and social resources, cessation of abuse, reunion with abuser, and length of shelter stay) over a 6-month follow-up period were investigated. Although findings are consistent with prior research suggesting a natural recovery of PTSD in IPV-victims, they also show that a significant number (46.8%) of women exhibit chronic PTSD. Participants whose PTSD remitted over follow-up had at baseline less severe IPV-related PTSD (partial ?(2) = .104) and fewer loss of personal and social resources (partial ?(2) = .095), and were less likely to reunite with their abuser after leaving the shelter than participants with chronic PTSD (3.3% and 22.4%, respectively). Clinical implications and limitations of findings are discussed. PMID:22522736

Johnson, Dawn M; Zlotnick, Caron

2012-04-01

452

Use of water hyacinths as shelter, foraging place, and transport by young piranhas, Serrasalmus spilopleura  

Microsoft Academic Search

The water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes, plays an important role in the early life of the piranha, Serrasalmus spilopleura in southeastern Brazil. Larvae and early juveniles are found by both day and night among the roots of this free floating waterweed, thus gaining shelter, a rich foraging place, and potential rafting dispersal. Piranha larvae up to 19 mm SL feed mainly

Ivan Sazima; Claudio Zamprognoz

1985-01-01

453

Investigative Report of the Eagle Bar Fire Shelter Deployment Incident, August 25, 1988.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On Friday, August 25, 1988, a Forest Service team was assembled to investigate a crew burnover and multiple shelter deployment incident that occured on the Eagle Bar Fire in the Hells Canyon area of the Payette National Forest in Idaho. This is a report o...

1988-01-01

454

Validity of the Vocational Adaptation Rating Scale: Prediction of Mentally Retarded Workers' Placement in Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The validity of the Vocational Adaptation Rating Scale (VARS) for predicting placement of 125 mentally retarded workers in sheltered workshop settings was investigated. Results indicated low to moderate significant partial correlations with concurrent placement and one year follow-up placement (controlling IQ, age, and sex). (Author)|

Malgady, Robert G.; And Others

1980-01-01

455

Investigation of the Hunger–Obesity Paradigm Among Shelter-Based Homeless Women Living in Minnesota  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 264-item survey evaluated how two shelter environments influenced homeless women's health (n = 259). Measured heights and weights determined obesity prevalence. Nonparametric tests evaluated body mass index (BMI) and dietary intake data. Principle components analysis reduced the data and correlations were made to BMI and dietary intake. Almost 80% had a BMI ? 25 and 67% were food insecure.

Rickelle Richards; Chery Smith

2010-01-01

456

Learning Difficulties in Adolescent Clients of a Shelter for Runaway and Homeless Street Youths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined prevalence of arithmetic and reading difficulties in adolescents at a homeless/runaway shelter. Found that 52% had reading disability, 28.5% had arithmetic/written work difficulty, and 19.5% were achieving normally. Also found that groups did not differ in reported history of such things as substance abuse, maltreatment, court…

Barwick, Melanie A.; Siegel, Linda S.

1996-01-01

457

Was There a Real “Mineshaft Gap”? Bomb Shelters in the USSR, 1945–1962  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the Cold War, the nature, intent, and scale of Soviet civil defense were the subject of heated debate in the West. Some analysts claimed that the USSR possessed a massive civil defense program capable of seriously destabilizing the strategic nuclear balance. This article draws on previously unexamined archival sources to investigate Soviet shelter construction from 1953, when the USSR's

Edward Geist

2012-01-01

458

To Determine the Feasibility of a Sheltered Workshop in Rural Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is the purpose of the study to obtain information regarding the adequacy of the Lake Region Sheltered Workshop in meeting the needs of the community, and of prospective employees and employers. Some of the specific objectives that have been drawn up ar...

1970-01-01

459

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Crowley County, Colorado, October 1, 2010-September 30, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2011 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2011-01-01

460

Sheltered Homeless Persons in Saguache County, Colorado, October 1, 2007-September 30, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on sheltered homeless persons is based on local data submitted to the 2008 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR). The AHAR is a report to the U.S. Congress on the extent and nature of homelessness in America, prepared by the Department of H...

2008-01-01

461

A lifesaving model: teaching advanced procedures on shelter animals in a tertiary care facility.  

PubMed

It is estimated that there are over 5 million homeless animals in the United States. While the veterinary profession continues to evolve in advanced specialty disciplines, animal shelters in every community lack resources for basic care. Concurrently, veterinary students, interns, and residents have less opportunity for practical primary and secondary veterinary care experiences in tertiary-care institutions that focus on specialty training. The two main goals of this project were (1) to provide practical medical and animal-welfare experiences to veterinary students, interns, and residents, under faculty supervision, and (2) to care for animals with medical problems beyond a typical shelter's technical capabilities and budget. Over a two-year period, 22 animals from one humane society were treated at Colorado State University Veterinary Medical Center. Initial funding for medical expenses was provided by PetSmart Charities. All 22 animals were successfully treated and subsequently adopted. The results suggest that collaboration between a tertiary-care facility and a humane shelter can be used successfully to teach advanced procedures and to save homeless animals. The project demonstrated that linking a veterinary teaching hospital's resources to a humane shelter's needs did not financially affect either institution. It is hoped that such a program might be used as a model and be perpetuated in other communities. PMID:19228908

Spindel, Miranda E; MacPhail, Catriona M; Hackett, Timothy B; Egger, Erick L; Palmer, Ross H; Mama, Khursheed R; Lee, David E; Wilkerson, Nicole; Lappin, Michael R

2008-01-01

462

Learning in a Sheltered Internet Environment: The Use of WebQuests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated the effects on learning in a sheltered Internet environment using so-called WebQuests in elementary school classrooms in the Netherlands. A WebQuest is an assignment presented together with a series of web pages to help guide children's learning. The learning gains and quality of the work of 229 sixth graders…

Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo

2009-01-01

463

A Descriptive Study of Single Adults in Homeless Shelters: Increasing Counselors' Knowledge and Social Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is intended to help counselors increase their knowledge and social action for single adults who are homeless. Findings from a period-prevalence study of 71 single adults in a homeless shelter over 2 years reveal demographics, mental health needs, and sociopolitical issues of this population. Implications including social justice…

Baggerly, Jennifer; Zalaquett, Carlos P.

2006-01-01

464

Earth's Vital Signs  

NASA Website

NASA launched the Earth Observing System's flagship satellite "Terra," named for Earth, on December 18, 1999. Terra has been collecting data about Earth's changing climate. On February 24, 2000, sensors on NASA's Terra ...

465

Effects of phenotypic characteristics on the length of stay of dogs at two no kill animal shelters.  

PubMed

Adoption records from 2 no kill shelters in New York State were examined to determine how age, sex, size, breed group, and coat color influenced the length of stay (LOS) of dogs at these shelters. Young puppies had the shortest length of stay; LOS among dogs increased linearly as age increased. Neither coat color nor sex influenced LOS. Considering only size classifications, medium-size dogs had the greatest LOS, and extra small dogs and puppies remained in shelters for the least amount of time. Considering only breed groupings, dogs in the guard group had the greatest LOS and those in the giant group had the shortest LOS. The lack of effect of coat color was not expected, nor was the shorter LOS among "fighting" breeds compared with other breed groups. Coat color and breed may have only local effects on LOS that do not generalize to all shelters, including traditional shelters. Understanding the traits of dogs in a specific shelter and the characteristics of these nonhuman animals desired by adopters are critical to improving the welfare of animals served by that shelter. PMID:23282290

Brown, William P; Davidson, Janelle P; Zuefle, Marion E

2013-01-01

466

Exploring Magnetism on Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This teacher's guide contains four lessons that provide a way for teachers to introduce students to and elaborate on Earth's changing magnetic field. It covers learning to navigate using Earth's magnetic field and compass, Earth's magnetic pole and its motion across Earth's surface, magnetic reversals on Earth, and Earth's currently declining magnetic field. These lessons have been taught primarily in math, geology, and astronomy classes.

2005-01-01

467

Academic Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Academic Earth provides videos of lectures by top scholars in "Subjects" that range from Astronomy to Entrepreneurship to Religion, from "Universities" as celebrated as MIT, Berkeley, Harvard, and Stanford. Visitors must register to view the lectures, but registration is free. There are over 1500 video lectures available, with more being added everyday. In addition to viewing the lectures available by subject or university, visitors can choose by "Instructors" or by "Playlists". When visitors click on "Playlists" at the top of the homepage, they will see a list of lectures by theme, by several different instructors, and a grade given to the lecture series. A good example is the 6-part lecture entitled "Understanding the Financial Crisis" by four different instructors. The series is given a grade overall, in this case, an A-, and when visitors click on "See all 6 lectures" at the bottom of the series' description, they will be taken to the page with the links to the individual lectures, as well as shown the grade given each individual lecture. Visitors can even keep a playlist of their favorite lectures or download the lectures. Visitors should definitely check out the Frequently Asked Questions page, accessible by the "FAQ" link at the bottom of the website.

2009-06-09

468

Academic Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Academic Earth provides videos of lectures by top scholars in "Subjects" that range from Astronomy to Entrepreneurship to Religion, from "Universities" as celebrated as MIT, Berkeley, Harvard, and Stanford. Visitors must register to view the lectures, but registration is free. There are over 1500 video lectures available, with more being added everyday. In addition to viewing the lectures available by subject or university, visitors can choose by "Instructors" or by "Playlists". When visitors click on "Playlists" at the top of the homepage, they will see a list of lectures by theme, by several different instructors, and a grade given to the lecture series. A good example is the 6-part lecture entitled "Understanding the Financial Crisis" by four different instructors. The series is given a grade overall, in this case, an A-, and when visitors click on "See all 6 lectures" at the bottom of the series' description, they will be taken to the page with the links to the individual lectures, as well as shown the grade given each individual lecture. Visitors can even keep a playlist of their favorite lectures or download the lectures. Visitors should definitely check out the Frequently Asked Questions page, accessible by the "FAQ" link at the bottom of the website.

469

Building a Barometer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students investigate the weather from a systems approach, learning how individual parts of a system work together to create a final product. Students learn how a barometer works to measure the Earth's air pressure by building a model using simple materials. Students analyze the changes in barometer measurements over time and compare those to actual weather conditions. They learn how to use a barometer to understand air pressure and predict actual weather changes.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

470

Planning Protective Action Decision-Making: Evacuate or Shelter-in-Place  

SciTech Connect

Appropriate protective action recommendations or decisions (PARs/PADs) are needed to achieve maximum protection of a population at risk. The factors that affect protective action decisions are complex but fairly well documented. Protective action decisions take into account population distributions, projected or actual exposure to a chemical substance, availability of adequate shelters, evacuation time estimates, and other relevant factors. To choose in-place sheltering, there should be a reasonable assurance that the movement of people beyond their residence, workplace, or school will endanger the health and safety of the public more so than allowing them to remain in place. The decision to evacuate the public should be based on the reasonable assurance that the movement of people to an area outside of an affected area is in the best interest of their health and safety, and is of minimal risk to them. In reality, an evacuation decision is also a resource-dependent decision. The availability of transportation and other resources, including shelters, may factor heavily in the protective action decision-making process. All strategies to protect the health and safety of the public from a release of hazardous chemicals are explicitly considered during emergency decision making. Each institutional facility (such as hospitals, schools, day care centers, correctional facilities, assisted living facilities or nursing homes) in the community should be considered separately to determine what special protective actions may be necessary. Deciding whether to evacuate or to shelter-in-place is one of the most important questions facing local emergency planners responding to a toxic chemical release. That such a complex decision with such important potential consequences must be made with such urgency places tremendous responsibility on the planners and officials involved. Researchers have devoted considerable attention to the evacuation/shelter-in-place protection decision. While several decision aids have been developed, no single approach has achieved widespread acceptance based on validity, utility, and effectiveness (Ujihara 1989, Mannan and Kilpatrick 2000). In the absence of an agreed-upon methodology for making this decision, the best strategy for local emergency planners and officials is a thorough understanding of all the components affecting the decision. This paper summarizes what is currently known about the evacuation/shelter-in-place protection decision and points to available literature that more thoroughly explores the individual components of the decision. The next section summarizes the major issues in protective action decision process. This is followed by a discussion of all the factors that may bear on the protective action decision process. The final section address how to make a protective action decision.

Sorensen, J.H.

2002-08-30

471

The Treated Prevalence of Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders among Adults Admitted to the Philadelphia Shelter System: Results from the Integration of Longitudinal Data on Shelter and Mental Health Services Utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports results from a study of the treated prevalence of mental health and substance use disorders among adults admitted to Philadelphia public shelters between 1990 and 1992 (N=28,638). Identifiers and service records from longitudinal databases on shelter and mental health services were merged, finding that 49% of single homeless adults and 33.2% of homeless adults with children had

Dennis P Culhane; June M Averyt; Trevor R Hadley

1996-01-01

472

Why Earth Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article briefly describes Earth science. The study of Earth science provides the foundation for an understanding of the Earth, its processes, its resources, and its environment. Earth science is the study of the planet in its entirety, how its lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere work together as systems and how they affect…

Smith, Michael J.

2004-01-01

473

Earth from Above  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Google Earth is a free online software that provides a virtual view of Earth. Using Google Earth, students can view Earth by hovering over features and locations they preselect or by serendipitously exploring locations that catch their fascination. Going beyond hovering, they can swoop forward and even tilt images to make more detailed…

Stahley, Tom

2006-01-01

474

Early Life on Earth: The Ancient Fossil Record  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evidence for early life and its initial evolution on Earth is linked intimately with the geological evolution of the early\\u000a Earth. The environment of the early Earth would be considered extreme by modern standards: hot (50–80°C), volcanically and\\u000a hydrothermally active, anoxic, high UV flux, and a high flux of extraterrestrial impacts. Habitats for life were more limited\\u000a until continent-building

Frances Westall

2004-01-01

475

Tidal Distortion and Disruption of Earth-Crossing Asteroids  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present results of numerical simulations that show that Earth's tidal forces can both distort and disrupt Earth-crossing asteroids that have weak “rubble-pile” structures. Building on previous studies, we consider more realistic asteroid shapes and trajectories, test a variety of spin rates and axis orientations, and employ a dissipation algorithm to treat more accurately collisions between the particles that make

Derek C. Richardson; William F. Bottke; Stanley G. Love

1998-01-01

476

Compressive strength characteristics of cement stabilized rammed earth walls  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to minimize the environmental impacts caused by over exploitation of natural resources for the production of building material, the possibility of using cement stabilized rammed earth for load-bearing walls has been assessed. Since the vertical load carrying capacity primarily depends on the compressive strength, a comprehensive study was conducted for rammed earth walls constructed with three commonly available

C. Jayasinghe; N. Kamaladasa

2007-01-01

477

Recent Developments in Young-Earth Creationist Geology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young-earth creationism has undergone a shift in emphasis toward building of historical models that incorporate Biblical and scientific evidence and the acceptance of scientific conclusions that were formerly rejected. The RATE Group admitted that massive amounts of radioactive decay occurred during earth history but proposed a period of…

Heaton, Timothy H.

2009-01-01

478

What's Under Your Feet? Activity Book. Earth Science for Everyone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profusely illustrated activity book helps students understand systems and cycles, how years change the look of the Earth, and how students can protect resources. The sections (and activities) in this book are: (1) The Earth (Introduction--View, Soil & Dirt); (2) Forces (Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Mountain Building, Erosion, Volcanoes,…

Rubin, Penni; Robbins, Eleanora I.

479

Ball global imaging system for Earth remote sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

12 The BGIS 2000 was developed by Ball for submeter remote imaging of the Earth surface. Ball is presently building 2 of these systems for the EarthWatch QuickBird Program. The first system will be launched in the Fall of 2000. This paper will detail the system design, and performance characteristics.

Tom H. Miers; Richard S. Munro

2001-01-01

480

What's Under Your Feet? Activity Book. Earth Science for Everyone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profusely illustrated activity book helps students understand systems and cycles, how years change the look of the Earth, and how students can protect resources. The sections (and activities) in this book are: (1) The Earth (Introduction--View, Soil & Dirt); (2) Forces (Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Mountain Building, Erosion, Volcanoes,…

Rubin, Penni; Robbins, Eleanora I.

481

Recent Developments in Young-Earth Creationist Geology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young-earth creationism has undergone a shift in emphasis toward building of historical models that incorporate Biblical and scientific evidence and the acceptance of scientific conclusions that were formerly rejected. The RATE Group admitted that massive amounts of radioactive decay occurred during earth history but proposed a period of…

Heaton, Timothy H.

2009-01-01

482

Field study of earth tempered swine ventilation systems  

SciTech Connect

Four earth-tube heat exchanger systems for heating and cooling the ventilation air for swine farrowing and nursery buildings were studied. Results show appreciable winter heating and summer cooling from the earth tubes with minimal variation in the temperature of the discharge air. 5 refs.

Goetsch, W.D.; Peterson, W.H.; Muehling, A.J.

1981-01-01

483

Social Ecology of Supervised Communal Facilities for Mentally Disabled Adults: VII. Productivity and Turnover Rate in Sheltered Workshops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turnover, reasons for termination, productivity, and number of hours worked as a function of demographic data, workshop settings, and measures of sociability for mentally disabled adults at six sheltered workshop settings were examined. (Author)

Melstrom, Margaret A.

1982-01-01

484

NUclear EVacuation Analysis Code (NUEVAC) : a tool for evaluation of sheltering and evacuation responses following urban nuclear detonations.  

SciTech Connect

The NUclear EVacuation Analysis Code (NUEVAC) has been developed by Sandia National Laboratories to support the analysis of shelter-evacuate (S-E) strategies following an urban nuclear detonation. This tool can model a range of behaviors, including complex evacuation timing and path selection, as well as various sheltering or mixed evacuation and sheltering strategies. The calculations are based on externally generated, high resolution fallout deposition and plume data. Scenario setup and calculation outputs make extensive use of graphics and interactive features. This software is designed primarily to produce quantitative evaluations of nuclear detonation response options. However, the outputs have also proven useful in the communication of technical insights concerning shelter-evacuate tradeoffs to urban planning or response personnel.

Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.

2009-11-01

485

The BMC ACCESS project: the development of a medically enhanced safe haven shelter.  

PubMed

This paper describes the development and implementation of the Boston Medical Center (BMC) Advanced Clinical Capacity for Engagement, Safety, and Services Project. In October 2002, the BMC Division of Psychiatry became the first such entity to open a Safe Haven shelter for people who are chronically homeless, struggling with severe mental illness, and actively substance abusing. The low-demand Safe Haven model targets the most difficult to reach population and serves as a "portal of entry" to the mental health and addiction service systems. In this paper, the process by which this blended funded, multi-level collaboration, consisting of a medical center, state, city, local, and community-based consumer organizations, was created and is maintained, as well as the clinical model of care is described. Lessons learned from creating the Safe Haven Shelter and the development and implementation of the consumer-informed evaluation are discussed as well as implications for future work with this population. PMID:18830697

Lincoln, Alisa; Johnson, Peggy; Espejo, Dennis; Plachta-Elliott, Sara; Lester, Peggy; Shanahan, Christopher; Abbott, Susan; Cabral, Howard; Jamanka, Amber; Delman, Jonathan; Kenny, Patty

2008-10-01

486

Mediators of suicidal ideation within a sheltered sample of raped and battered women.  

PubMed

The relationship between suicide attempts and the experience of intimate partner physical violence has been examined in recent literature. The present study extended this literature by examining the relationship between intimate partner rape and suicidal ideation in a sheltered sample of battered women. Fifty women were recruited from a regional shelter setting for battered women in a Midwestern city in the United States. Fifty-eight percent had experienced intimate partner rape. More than one-third of the sample confirmed experiencing suicidal ideation at least "some of the time" within the past week. Experiencing intimate partner rape was significantly associated with suicidal ideation and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Tests of mediation revealed that both PTSD and depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between intimate partner rape and suicidal ideation. PMID:17469001

Weaver, Terri L; Allen, Janice A; Hopper, Elizabeth; Maglione, Melissa L; McLaughlin, Dorcas; McCullough, Mary Ann; Jackson, Mary K; Brewer, Teresa

2007-05-01

487

Virulent feline calicivirus disease in a shelter in Italy: a case description.  

PubMed

Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a common pathogen of cats that is particularly widespread in multi-cat environments such as shelters and catteries. FCV infections are usually associated with acute, mild and self-limiting upper respiratory tract disease characterized by oral vesicles/ulcers. Recently, virulent systemic disease (VSD) associated with FCV infection has been reported in the USA and Europe. This paper describes a case of VSD affecting one adult, FIV infected cat ("Oscar") living in a shelter located in Northern Italy; the clinical, post-mortem and laboratory findings indicate that this is the first case of suspected FCV-VSD in this country. Similar to a previous report (Meyer et al., 2011), the disease affected only one cat, while others remained asymptomatic, despite their direct contact with "Oscar". Phylogenetic analysis identified unique features in the "Oscar" FCV isolate. The FIV infection of the patient might have favoured the generation of the virulent FCV strains in this cat. PMID:23433681

Battilani, Mara; Vaccari, Francesca; Carelle, Maria Stella; Morandi, Federico; Benazzi, Cinzia; Kipar, Anja; Dondi, Francesco; Scagliarini, Alessandra

2013-02-21

488

Physical health, mental health, and substance abuse problems of shelter users.  

PubMed

This article summarizes physical health, mental health, and substance abuse problems of users of four of Detroit's largest homeless shelters. Shelter users with mental illness or substance abuse problems were compared with those without these problems. Alcohol abusers were significantly more likely to have low blood pressure, symptoms of liver disease, and a tuberculosis treatment history. No health differences were found for those with or without a history of psychiatric hospitalization. Contrary to expectations, few gender differences were found. Aside from the obvious need for low-income housing, comprehensive and integrated treatment approaches from health care, mental health, and substance abuse agencies are needed to help homeless individuals. Social workers need to become more directly involved in service and policy issues for this vulnerable population. PMID:8168778

Harris, S N; Mowbray, C T; Solarz, A

1994-02-01

489

List of Core Journals in Earth Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selection and acquisition of relevant materials for building and developing an information infrastructure are modern worldwide problems. This document provides a core listing of journals in the earth sciences in an effort to develop a tool for the improvement of information handling and transfer. The core list was generated using several databases…

International Council for Scientific and Technical Information, Paris (France).

490

A needs-assessment and demographic survey of infection-control and disease awareness in western US animal shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-sectional needs-assessment survey was used to characterize animal shelters in a 6-state region in the western US and describe infection-control practices and disease awareness. Survey questions focused on shelter demographics, infection-control practices and policies, awareness and concern over infectious and zoonotic diseases, staff and volunteer training relating to infection-control and disease awareness, use of diagnostic tools, and isolation procedures

Kay K. Steneroden; Ashley E. Hill; M. D. Salman

2011-01-01

491

Comparison of sedimentation and occupation histories inside and outside rock shelters, Keep-River region, northwestern Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares archaeological evidence of Aboriginal occupation inside rock shelters and outside in adjacent sand sheets, focusing on two locations in the Keep-River region, north- western Australia. Luminescence and radiocarbon dating reveal that occupation sequences inside rock shelters are generally younger (? 10,000 yr B.P.) than outside (? 18,000 yr B.P.). Differences in occupation chronology and artifact assemblages inside

I. A. K. Ward; R. L. K. Fullagar; T. Boer-Mah; L. M. Head; P. S. C. Taçon; K. Mulvaney

2006-01-01

492

Risk factors for delays between intake and veterinary approval for adoption on medical grounds in shelter puppies and kittens  

PubMed Central

To maximize their capacity to save lives and optimize resource allocation, animal shelters need to identify highly adoptable animals that are unlikely to be delayed on medical grounds before they can be made available for adoption. In this retrospective cohort study, our objective was to identify risk factors for delays from intake to approval for adoption on medical grounds in shelter puppies and kittens. Shelter medical records from 2008 for 335 puppies and 370 kittens were selected randomly at a large metropolitan adoption-guarantee shelter. Data including signalment, source shelter, intake veterinary examination findings, clinical history and days from intake until approval by a veterinarian for adoption on medical grounds were extracted from shelter records and analyzed using multivariate Cox regression. Puppies and kittens with clinical signs of respiratory or gastrointestinal disease at intake took significantly longer to receive approval for adoption on medical grounds (puppies - respiratory p<0.0001; gastrointestinal p<0.0001; kittens - respiratory p<0.0001; gastrointestinal p=0.002). Stray kittens were more likely to be delayed than owner-relinquished kittens or those transferred from other shelters (p<0.01). Older kittens were less likely to be delayed (p<0.0001). Administration of oral or parenteral antibiotics to puppies and kittens with respiratory and/or ocular signs within 24 hours of intake significantly reduced time to approval on medical grounds for adoption (puppies p=0.02; kittens p=0.03). The analyses suggested that puppies and kittens with respiratory or gastrointestinal signs on intake are more likely to experience delays between intake and veterinary approval for adoption on medical grounds. Prompt antimicrobial treatment of animals with respiratory and/or ocular signs may decrease length of stay in the shelter.

Litster, Annette; Allen, Joselyn; Mohamed, Ahmed; He, Shuang

2011-01-01

493

Exploring Earth from Space  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of lithographs from the ISS EarthKAM program contains an educators' guide, student information and worksheets, and several Earth photos taken from the Space Shuttle. Shuttle astronauts and the ISS EarthKAM program provide photos of our planet from the unique perspective of Earth orbit. This resource can enhance students' studies of Earth and space science, geography, social studies, mathematics, and educational technologies.

2002-12-01

494

Drop weight impact on hybrid-fiber ECC blast\\/shelter panels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an experimental study to evaluate the damage and failure mode of hybrid-fiber engineered cementitious composite (ECC) panels caused by large projectiles or fragments with the aim towards quantifying the extent to which hybrid-fiber ECC improves the resistance of blast panels against impact loading. Drop weight tests are conducted on full-scale blast\\/shelter panels (2 m

J. Zhang; M. Maalej; S. T. Quek; Y. Y. Teo

495

Evaluation of soil fertility of the shelter-forest land along the Tarim Desert Highway  

Microsoft Academic Search

To study the changes of soil fertility of the shelter-forest land along the Tarim Desert Highway, soils from the forest land\\u000a were collected at the layers of 0–10 cm, 10–20 cm, 20–30 cm. Different soil fertility parameters were measured, and quantitative\\u000a evaluation of soil fertility was performed by the soil integrated fertility index (IFI). The main results show that the

ZhengZhong Jin; JiaQiang Lei; XinWen Xu; ShengYu Li; SiFeng Zhao; YongZhi Qiu; Bo Xu

2008-01-01

496

Seasonal changes in sheltering: effect of light and temperature on diel activity in juvenile salmon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous work has shown that juvenile Atlantic salmon,Salmo salarL, are predominantly nocturnal during winter (spending the day sheltering in streambed refuges) but become active 24h a day in the summer. Observations of salmon in a semi-natural stream revealed how light, temperature and time of year determined these activity patterns; we also tested whether the life-history strategy of the fish affected

SVEINN K VALDIMARSSON; NEIL B METCALFE; JOHN E THORPE; FELICITY A HUNTINGFORD

1997-01-01

497

[Toxocara canis infection in dogs in Cracow's Shelter for Stray Animals].  

PubMed

A coprologic examination of dogs in Cracow's Shelter for Stray Animals, carried out between January and November 1999-2000 showed that the dogs were infected with Toxocara canis from 2.4% to 16.2%. The puppies were more infected that adult dogs: 30-72.7% and 3,3-12.2% respectively. The females are also more infected than males: 6.3-15.2% and 4.8-18.2% respectively. PMID:16886422

Korna?, S; Nowosad, B; Skalska, M

2001-01-01

498

Communication between domestic dogs and humans: effects of shelter housing upon the gaze to the human  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely known that gaze plays an essential role in communicative interactions. Domestic dogs tend to look at the human\\u000a face in situations of conflict and uncertainty. This study compares the gaze of shelter and pet dogs during acquisition and\\u000a extinction phases in a situation involving a reward in sight but out of reach. Even though no significant differences

Alba Mustaca; Mariana Bentosela

499

Accessibility of government-run sheltered workshops to people with psychiatric histories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government-run sheltered workshops in the Netherlands are not as easily accessible to people with psychiatric histories as\\u000a they are to other groups, such as those with physical and intellectual disabilities. This was found in a large-scale nationwide\\u000a study in 21 such workshops, commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment. The workshops varied in their\\u000a degree of accessibility.

H. Michon; D. Ketelaars; J. van Weeghel; F. Smit

1998-01-01

500

Adverse consequences of intimate partner abuse among women in non-urban domestic violence shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study examined the health consequences of having experienced both sexual and physical abuse relative to women experiencing physical abuse but not sexual abuse.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 203 women seeking refuge in battered women’s shelters. Controlling for sociodemographics, logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the consequences of experiencing both sexual and physical abuse.Results: Compared to

Gina M Wingood; Ralph J DiClemente; Anita Raj

2000-01-01