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1

PACIFIC EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER  

E-print Network

PACIFIC EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER PEER Testbed Study on a Laboratory Building, Berkeley PEER Report 2005/12 Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center College of Engineering to "exercise" the PEER performance-based earthquake engineering methodology. All projects involved

Adolphs, Ralph

2

Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national, nonprofit technical society, the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) was founded in 1949 and aims to "reduce earthquake risk by advancing the science and practice of earthquake engineering." EERI's searchable site contains news, timely information, and documents pertaining to earthquakes and related engineering issues. Highlights include the reconnaissance reports with in-depth coverage of current and past quakes. The Web exclusives section contains photos and testimonies, such as a slide show and text of an accompanying testimony made to the US House of Representatives Committee on Science on lessons learned from the Turkey, Taiwan, and Mexico City earthquakes. On the site's main page, users may browse through the links of highlights, such as the one to the EERI newsletter.

3

IDEERS: Introducing and Demonstrating Earthquake Engineering Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Introducing and Demonstrating Earthquake Engineering Research in Schools (IDEERS) is a program of the University of Bristol "to communicate the challenge and excitement of earthquake engineering research to young people." Beginning with a detailed explanation of earthquake causes and effects, the Web site provides motivation for designing structurally reinforced buildings. Five recent earthquake disasters are outlined and related to the general impact of earthquakes on society. The material then describes building dynamics, such as vibration and resonance, and various techniques to design earthquake resistant buildings. There are some interesting animations that demonstrate important concepts.

2000-01-01

4

Caltech Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory Technical Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Institute of Technology Library System and the Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory provides the Caltech Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory Technical Reports Web site. Visitors will find access to technical reports by browsing the categorized sets from the Center for Research on the Prevention of Natural Disasters, Dynamics Laboratory, Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory, and the Soil Mechanics Laboratory, as well as the section entitled Policy Documents. The materials can also be viewed by year (going back to 1952) or fully searched to gain access to the full-text reports, which include offerings like Impact of Seismic Risk on Lifetime Property Values. Although the topics covered are somewhat limited on the site, those interested will appreciate the well organized and informative resources provided.

5

1 INTRODUCTION The earthquake engineering research in China  

E-print Network

1 INTRODUCTION The earthquake engineering research in China started latter than in advanced earthquake prone countries but had a commendable inception through learning from the achievements of foreign on earthquake engineering is an outstanding example among them. Both of the partners have gained benefits from

Spencer Jr., B.F.

6

Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1986, the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER) is located at the State University of New York at Buffalo. MCEER draws on the expertise of many researchers and industry partners from across the United States, as they are "dedicated to the discovery and development of new knowledge, tools and technologies that equip communities to become more disaster resilient in the face of earthquakes and other extreme events.� The Center receives funding from a wide range of institutions, including the National Science Foundation, the Federal Highway Administration, and the Department of Homeland Security. Along with the usual conference announcements and newsletters that one might expect to find on a homepage of this sort, visitors can also peruse their archive of webcasts, which include such past presentations as "Seismic Analysis of Woodframe Structures" and "Structural Control Technologies". Visitors will not be surprised to find that there are also a number of special reports on Hurricane Katrina that are worth taking a look at here.

7

Earthquake engineering research needs in light of lessons learned from the 2011 Tohoku earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake engineering research and development have received much attention since the first half of the twentieth century. This valuable research presented a huge step forward in understanding earthquake hazard mitigation, which resulted in appreciable reduction of the effects of past earthquakes. Nevertheless, the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and the subsequent tsunami resulted in major damage. This paper presents the timeline of earthquake mitigation and recovery, as seen by the authors. Possible research directions where the authors think that many open questions still remain are identified. These are primarily based on the important lessons learned from the 2011 Tohoku earthquake.

Nakashima, Masayoshi; Lavan, Oren; Kurata, Masahiro; Luo, Yunbiao

2014-08-01

8

Overview of the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER)  

E-print Network

operational after an earthquake--namely hospitals, lifeline systems (water and power distribution networks Research, University at Buffalo, 105 Red Jacket Quad, Buffalo, NY 14261, USA #12;INTRODUCTION at the University at Buffalo, the Center was established in 1986 by the National Science Foundation (NSF

Bruneau, Michel

9

bc.eeri.org | info@bc.eeri.org | membership@bc.eeri.org | president@bc.eeri.org Announcing the Earthquake Engineering Research  

E-print Network

the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute British Columbia Chapter! Are you interested in the latest earthquake engineering practices, research, and decision making currently happening in British Columbia? Are you interested in being informed, involved, or networking with British Columbia's earthquake

Pulfrey, David L.

10

The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute Penn State Student Chapter (EERI-PSU) is a student chapter of the national  

E-print Network

The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute ­ Penn State Student Chapter (EERI-PSU) is a student is based upon promoting earthquake awareness to Penn State's campus and the community. One of the ways EERI chance to spread knowledge. EERI-PSU is heavily committed to expanding earthquake knowledge. One way

Guiltinan, Mark

11

Potential utilization of the NASA/George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in earthquake engineering research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Earthquake engineering research capabilities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) facilities at George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Alabama, were evaluated. The results indicate that the NASA/MSFC facilities and supporting capabilities offer unique opportunities for conducting earthquake engineering research. Specific features that are particularly attractive for large scale static and dynamic testing of natural and man-made structures include the following: large physical dimensions of buildings and test bays; high loading capacity; wide range and large number of test equipment and instrumentation devices; multichannel data acquisition and processing systems; technical expertise for conducting large-scale static and dynamic testing; sophisticated techniques for systems dynamics analysis, simulation, and control; and capability for managing large-size and technologically complex programs. Potential uses of the facilities for near and long term test programs to supplement current earthquake research activities are suggested.

Scholl, R. E. (editor)

1979-01-01

12

University Ss. Cyril and Methodius Institute of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

University Ss. Cyril and Methodius Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology-Skopje SERIES Concluding Workshop, NEES "Earthquake Engineering Research Infrastructures" JRC-Ispra, May 28: Vlatko Sesov Kemal Edip and Julijana Cvetanovska #12;SERIES Concluding Workshop, NEES "Earthquake

13

Researching Intermountain West Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson designed for 7-12th (adaptable for 4-6) grade students. It focuses on earthquakes in the Utah region, but can be adapted to use anywhere. Forty-eight Intermountain West earthquakes that have occurred since 1876 have been researched by Earthquake Education Services (EES). Newspaper articles, individual accounts (diary entries, interviews, letters, etc.), and photographs have been collected. They are a primary data source for scientists and are valuable for anyone interested in learning about earthquakes. These data provide an entertaining, relevant resource for students studying earthquakes. Students select a research question (list provided) and search newspaper articles written about one or more earthquakes for data relevant to the question. Reports could be oral or written. Some of the questions can be reworded to allow students to first develop their own hypothesis, then search for data that supports or disproves the hypothesis.

14

Promoting reuse of Earthquake Engineering data through the  

E-print Network

Promoting reuse of Earthquake Engineering data through the NEEShub Professor JoAnn Browning, University of Kansas SERIES Concluding Workshop Joint with USNEES "Earthquake Engineering Research earthquake engineering projects · 55,678 annual users · 211 countries #12;NEEShub Data · Data visualization

15

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

in Earthquake Engineering, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Anchorage, AK, 2014. #12;10NCEE Tenth U July 21-25, 2014 Anchorage, Alaska UNCERTAINTY ESTIMATION IN SEISMIC COLLAPSE ASSESSMENT OF MODERN Anchorage, Alaska Uncertainty Estimation in Seismic Collapse Assessment of Modern Reinforced Concrete Moment

Baker, Jack W.

16

Proceedings of lifeline earthquake engineering  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the proceedings of the Lifeline Earthquake Engineering Conference. Topics covered include: Overview of Lifeline Earthquake Engineering; Transportation Lifelines; Seismic Retrofit and Strengthening of Transportation Lifelines; Electric Power Lifelines; Communications Lifelines; Water Delivery and Sewer Lifelines; Seismic Hazards Evaluation; Risk and Reliability Analysis of Lifelines; Lifeline Experience During Earthquakes and System Behavior; Seismic Analysis and Design of Lifelines; Vulnerability of Lifelines; and Vulnerability Reduction, Mitigation Planning, and Emergency Response.

Cassaro, M.A.

1991-01-01

17

National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of California, Berkeley, the National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering (NISEE) is a public service of the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center. NISEE was started in 1972 and the site contains hundreds of publicly sponsored technical reports, research papers, data sets, and other materials related to scholarly investigations in this field. Visitors can wander around the archives of papers, images, data, movies, and software or look through the scrolling feed of newly added works. Additionally, users can use the site's tag cloud to locate works that are focused around a certain word or phrase.

2013-09-05

18

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July earthquakes, utilizing physics-based models of earthquake rupture and wave propagation, is an area of active between earthquake scientists and engineering users, and testing/rating methodologies for simulated ground

Baker, Jack W.

19

The Challenge of Centennial Earthquakes to Improve Modern Earthquake Engineering  

SciTech Connect

The recent commemoration of the centennial of the San Francisco and Valparaiso 1906 earthquakes has given the opportunity to reanalyze their damages from modern earthquake engineering perspective. These two earthquakes plus Messina Reggio Calabria 1908 had a strong impact in the birth and developing of earthquake engineering. The study of the seismic performance of some up today existing buildings, that survive centennial earthquakes, represent a challenge to better understand the limitations of our in use earthquake design methods. Only Valparaiso 1906 earthquake, of the three considered centennial earthquakes, has been repeated again as the Central Chile, 1985, Ms = 7.8 earthquake. In this paper a comparative study of the damage produced by 1906 and 1985 Valparaiso earthquakes is done in the neighborhood of Valparaiso harbor. In this study the only three centennial buildings of 3 stories that survived both earthquakes almost undamaged were identified. Since for 1985 earthquake accelerogram at El Almendral soil conditions as well as in rock were recoded, the vulnerability analysis of these building is done considering instrumental measurements of the demand. The study concludes that good performance of these buildings in the epicentral zone of large earthquakes can not be well explained by modern earthquake engineering methods. Therefore, it is recommended to use in the future of more suitable instrumental parameters, such as the destructiveness potential factor, to describe earthquake demand.

Saragoni, G. Rodolfo [Department of Civil Engineering, Universidad of Chile (Chile)

2008-07-08

20

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Engineering, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Anchorage, AK,2014. DOI: 10.4231/D3NV99B46 #12;Tenth U 21-25, 2014 Anchorage, Alaska10NCEE WAVE METHOD FOR SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION AND HEALTH MONITORING Anchorage, Alaska10NCEE Wave Method for System Identification and Health Monitoring of Buildings ­ Extension

Southern California, University of

21

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July EARTHQUAKE CHARACTERISTICS WITH TWEETS L. Burks1 *, M. Miller1 *, and R. Zadeh2 ABSTRACT Here we demonstrate a model that combines Tweets following significant earthquakes with basic site and earthquake

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

22

Stochastic methods in earthquake engineering - Progress in engineering series  

SciTech Connect

Because of the interest in stochastic methods in collaboration with the editorial board of the Journal of Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, sixteen papers are presented in this volume. The volume consists of four sections: seismic hazard, modeling of ground motions, reliability, and soil structure interaction. In each section state-of-the-art stochastic and probabilistic methods are brought to bear on the appropriate problems under study, thus making this volume of extreme interest both to the researcher and the practitioner in the field of earthquake engineering.

Cakmak, A.S.

1985-01-01

23

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July and earthquake source characteristics (e.g. source type, magnitude, and distance) obtained from seismic hazard the contribution of interface earthquakes in subduction zones that are known to produce long duration ground

Baker, Jack W.

24

Ninth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Ninth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 26-29 June 2007 EARTHQUAKE DESIGN CODES FOR PAKISTAN: AN OPTION OR A NECESSITY? Masud1 , A. and Elnashai2 , A. S. ABSTRACT The Kashmir earthquake of October 8, 2005 which had a magnitude of 7.6 inflicted a heavy toll on lives

Masud, Arif

25

International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering  

E-print Network

4th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering June 25-28, 2007 Paper No. 1763 SOIL STABILITY UNDER EARTHQUAKES: A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS Carolina SIGARÁN-LORÍA 1 , Amir M. KAYNIA2 was evaluated under earthquakes with different frequencies and amplitudes (0.01 to 1.0 g). The study focused

Hack, Robert

26

Introduction Earthquake prediction research is based on  

E-print Network

126 Introduction Earthquake prediction research is based on understanding the long-term behaviour a fault is showing a series of earthquakes at regular time intervals and similar in size. These are called characteristic earthquakes and are studied in detail. One example of a characteristic earthquake sequence

Haak, Hein

27

Istanbul Technical University Earthquake Engineering and Disaster Management Institute  

E-print Network

Istanbul Technical University Earthquake Engineering and Disaster Management Institute Post Engineering and Disaster Management Institute (EEDMI) Istanbul Technical University (ITU) Ufuk Yazgan, Reat Oyguç Earthquake Engineering and Disaster Management Institute (EEDMI) Istanbul Technical

28

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

, Anchorage, AK, 2014. #12;Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake 21-25, 2014 Anchorage, Alaska10NCEE STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING THROUGH DENSE INSTRUMENTATION Engineering July 21-25, 2014 Anchorage, Alaska10NCEE Structural Health Monitoring Through Dense

Heaton, Thomas H.

29

Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Research Institute (ERI) at the University of Tokyo acts as the primary association for fundamental geophysical research in Japan and oversees the Earthquake Predication Center and the Volcanic Eruption Prediction Program. The website offers the latest earthquake and volcano news. While a few of the research projects are described only in Japanese, visitors can learn about the Ocean Hemisphere Network Project, Special Project for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in Urban Areas, and the Marine Seismic Survey. The web site offers links to numerous earthquake databases and to the Institute's many research centers.

30

A Prospect of Earthquake Prediction Research  

E-print Network

Earthquakes occur because of abrupt slips on faults due to accumulated stress in the Earth's crust. Because most of these faults and their mechanisms are not readily apparent, deterministic earthquake prediction is difficult. For effective prediction, complex conditions and uncertain elements must be considered, which necessitates stochastic prediction. In particular, a large amount of uncertainty lies in identifying whether abnormal phenomena are precursors to large earthquakes, as well as in assigning urgency to the earthquake. Any discovery of potentially useful information for earthquake prediction is incomplete unless quantitative modeling of risk is considered. Therefore, this manuscript describes the prospect of earthquake predictability research to realize practical operational forecasting in the near future.

Ogata, Yosihiko

2013-01-01

31

Source: Proceedings of International Conference on Advances and New Challenges in Earthquake Engineering Research (ICANCEER02), Hong Kong, China, August 19-20, 2002.  

E-print Network

Source: Proceedings of International Conference on Advances and New Challenges in Earthquake since been constructed using a variety of structural control system designs (Nishitani 1998). Early and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University Stanford, CA, USA ABSTRACT The current state

Lynch, Jerome P.

32

WUSCEEL: Washington University Structural Control and Earthquake Engineering Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington University Structural Control and Earthquake Engineering Laboratory (WUSCEEL) hosts an active research group, whose work is documented on this site. The Research section has brief descriptions of several different techniques for controlling building motion during earthquakes, experiments performed in the lab, and seismic issues related to bridges. Accompanying each research summary are several journal papers and technical reports that provide much more in-depth discussions of work done at the lab. A few short video clips are also presented, demonstrating principles of base isolation and damper control.

33

Seismic Shaking and Earthquake Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this exercise, students will investigate the effects of earthquakes on Earth materials and on buildings. Introductory materials discuss seismic shaking (ground motion), material amplification by loose or unconsolidated deposits, and the concept of fundamental period. Using the supplied data tables, they will determine peak ground acceleration, compare ground shaking on bay mud, alluvium, and bedrock substrates, and compare fundamental period for buildings of various heights. They will also examine a case study comparing the 1906 and 1989 earthquakes that struck San Francisco, determine where surficial geology amplified ground shaking, calculate ground acceleration, and calculate base shear for a hypothetical building. Study questions and a bibliography are provided.

Nicholas Pinter

34

USING THE EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING INTENSITY SCALE TO IMPROVE URBAN AREA EARTHQUAKE EMERGENCY RESPONSE  

E-print Network

USING THE EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING INTENSITY SCALE TO IMPROVE URBAN AREA EARTHQUAKE EMERGENCY distribution estimation of earthquake damage in building stocks is presented. The purpose is to start a strong urban area earthquake. We used a pair of ground motion and building-tag color databases

Irfanoglu, Ayhan

35

Introduction: seismology and earthquake engineering in Mexico and Central and South America.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The results from seismological studies that are used by the engineering community are just one of the benefits obtained from research aimed at mitigating the earthquake hazard. In this issue of Earthquake Information Bulletin current programs in seismology and earthquake engineering, seismic networks, future plans and some of the cooperative programs with different internation organizations are described by Latin-American seismologists. The article describes the development of seismology in Latin America and the seismological interest of the OAS. -P.N.Chroston

Espinosa, A.F.

1982-01-01

36

Earthquake Engineering Mitigation of Blast Loading  

E-print Network

Earthquake Engineering Mitigation of Blast Loading Health Monitoring & Condition Assessment-structural building components, and visual sensing for dy- namic testing. Associate Professor Hyonny Kim comes to UC-fluidics and protective/energy absorbing materials provides synergy with the Department's ongoing work in blast mitigation

Wang, Deli

37

Earthquake Alerting in California Prof. of Engineering Seismology  

E-print Network

Earthquake Alerting in California Tom Heaton Prof. of Engineering Seismology Caltech #12;Earthquake Alerting ... a different kind of prediction · What if earthquakes were really slow, like the weather? · We could recognize that an earthquake is beginning and then broadcast information on its development

Greer, Julia R.

38

Ninth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

respectively. Introduction A steel plate shear wall (SPSW) consists of infill steel panels surrounded and Bruneau 2003a). Analytical research on SPSW has also validated useful models for the design and analysis, no research has directly addressed the replaceability of infill panels following an earthquake

Bruneau, Michel

39

Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)NEED IMPACT STATEMENT  

E-print Network

Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)NEED IMPACT STATEMENT INITIATIVE In October E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation, or NEES, which is an integral component of the U.S. National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP). Purdue's NEEScomm Center serves

Ginzel, Matthew

40

An Online Platform for Resources and Collaborative Research on Earthquake Source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop the online platform http://equake-rc.info for collaborative research on earthquake sources. The platform has three main features: (1) finite-fault earthquake source models (SRCMOD) database, (2) Source Inversion Validation (SIV) Benchmarks and its Wiki, and (3) software Codes for Earthquake Rupture and ground-motion Simulation (CERS). SRCMOD collects and disseminates source models of past earthquakes. SIV aims at benchmarking the current state-of-the-art in earthquake source inversions and developing robust approaches to quantify uncertainties in the source models. CERS currently has three software packages. These include 'RupGen' for generating synthetic earthquake rupture models, 'Stress2Slip' for computing on-fault static stress changes corresponding to a slip distribution, and 'BB-Simulation' for computing and integrating high frequency synthetics with low frequency waveforms to generate hybrid broadband seismograms. We envision that this online platform will be useful in advancing research on earthquake source processes and earthquake engineering.

Thingbaijam, K. S.; Mai, P. M.

2013-12-01

41

Real-time earthquake monitoring using a search engine method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When an earthquake occurs, seismologists want to use recorded seismograms to infer its location, magnitude and source-focal mechanism as quickly as possible. If such information could be determined immediately, timely evacuations and emergency actions could be undertaken to mitigate earthquake damage. Current advanced methods can report the initial location and magnitude of an earthquake within a few seconds, but estimating the source-focal mechanism may require minutes to hours. Here we present an earthquake search engine, similar to a web search engine, that we developed by applying a computer fast search method to a large seismogram database to find waveforms that best fit the input data. Our method is several thousand times faster than an exact search. For an Mw 5.9 earthquake on 8 March 2012 in Xinjiang, China, the search engine can infer the earthquakes parameters in <1?s after receiving the long-period surface wave data.

Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Haijiang; Chen, Enhong; Zheng, Yi; Kuang, Wenhuan; Zhang, Xiong

2014-12-01

42

Real-time earthquake monitoring using a search engine method  

PubMed Central

When an earthquake occurs, seismologists want to use recorded seismograms to infer its location, magnitude and source-focal mechanism as quickly as possible. If such information could be determined immediately, timely evacuations and emergency actions could be undertaken to mitigate earthquake damage. Current advanced methods can report the initial location and magnitude of an earthquake within a few seconds, but estimating the source-focal mechanism may require minutes to hours. Here we present an earthquake search engine, similar to a web search engine, that we developed by applying a computer fast search method to a large seismogram database to find waveforms that best fit the input data. Our method is several thousand times faster than an exact search. For an Mw 5.9 earthquake on 8 March 2012 in Xinjiang, China, the search engine can infer the earthquakes parameters in <1?s after receiving the long-period surface wave data. PMID:25472861

Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Haijiang; Chen, Enhong; Zheng, Yi; Kuang, Wenhuan; Zhang, Xiong

2014-01-01

43

Center for Earthquake Research and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CERI, established in 1977 as the Tennessee Earthquake Information Center, is a Tennessee Board of Regents Center of Excellence at the University of Memphis devoted to understanding the causes and consequences of earthquakes and the structure and evolution of the continental lithosphere. CERI addresses these needs through cutting-edge research, comprehensive graduate student education, operation of state-of-the-art seismic and GPS networks, and dissemination of technical and practical information to the private and public sectors.

Center for Earthquake Research and Information

44

GEORGE E. BROWN, JR. NETWORK FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING SIMULATION (NEES)  

E-print Network

GEORGE E. BROWN, JR. NETWORK FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING SIMULATION (NEES) University of California, Los Angeles Proposal Writing Guide 1 In he University of California, Los Angeles George E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (nees@UCLA) Site was established to enable field vibration

Grether, Gregory

45

Engineering Research Center Fact Sheets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Curious about the latest developments in bioengineering, microelectronics, or earthquake hazard reduction? Wondering what type of research your tax dollars support? Then have a look at this recent posting from the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Engineering Research Centers (ERC) Program which supports university research in partnership with industry. Here, users can access project descriptions from a variety of laboratories associated with the ERC. Examples of centers featured include Georgia Tech/ Emory Center for the Engineering of Living Tissues, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering, and Center for Advanced Engineering Fibers and Films, to name a few. The research pages, available in either HTML or .pdf formats, present research goals, collaborating institutions, facility overviews, technology transfer initiatives, educational outreach projects, and links to contacts. At many of the pages, color photographs and illustrations accompany text. So the next time you are taking a break from work, peruse the NSF's Engineering Research Centers Fact Sheets and get the latest news about federally funded research and technology.

2001-01-01

46

Real-time earthquake monitoring using a search engine method.  

PubMed

When an earthquake occurs, seismologists want to use recorded seismograms to infer its location, magnitude and source-focal mechanism as quickly as possible. If such information could be determined immediately, timely evacuations and emergency actions could be undertaken to mitigate earthquake damage. Current advanced methods can report the initial location and magnitude of an earthquake within a few seconds, but estimating the source-focal mechanism may require minutes to hours. Here we present an earthquake search engine, similar to a web search engine, that we developed by applying a computer fast search method to a large seismogram database to find waveforms that best fit the input data. Our method is several thousand times faster than an exact search. For an Mw 5.9 earthquake on 8 March 2012 in Xinjiang, China, the search engine can infer the earthquake's parameters in <1?s after receiving the long-period surface wave data. PMID:25472861

Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Haijiang; Chen, Enhong; Zheng, Yi; Kuang, Wenhuan; Zhang, Xiong

2014-01-01

47

World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancouver, B.C., Canada  

E-print Network

13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancouver, B.C., Canada August 1-6, 2004 Paper No the 1994 Northridge in a 7-story reinforced concrete building located in the Los Angeles area. Nodal time with compression are illustrates for a small database of ground response records from six earthquakes recorded

Southern California, University of

48

Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by The National Science Foundation, the Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) conduct engineered systems-focused interdisciplinary research, linking universities across the United States with industry. The collaborative project exposes "prospective students (both graduate and undergraduate) to industrial views in order to build competence in engineering practice and to produce engineering graduates with the depth and breadth of education needed for success in technological innovation and for effective leadership of interdisciplinary teams throughout their careers." Current centers cover a range of topics including: Microelectronic Systems and Information Technology, Earthquake Engineering, Design and Manufacturing, and Bioengineering. Visitors can read more about the work of the Centers from the extensive Achievements Showcase, or about the ERC concept through a Best Practices Manual on developing a similar university-industry partnership. Curricula developed for graduate and undergraduate instruction, and information on other education programs are also available online.

49

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Cypress Street Viaduct  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows an aerial view of a collapsed portion of the Cypress Street Viaduct, an elevated portion of Interstate 880, in Oakland, California. The damage was caused by the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

50

Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 28 (2008) 387404 Earthquake damage detection in the Imperial County Services Building  

E-print Network

Valley Earthquake of 1979 recorded in the former Imperial County Services (ICS) Building, severely the recorded horizontal seismic response in three time windows--before, during, and after the largest amplitudeSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 28 (2008) 387­404 Earthquake damage detection

Southern California, University of

51

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...App. S Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...issued before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section...

2011-01-01

52

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...App. S Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...issued before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section...

2013-01-01

53

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...App. S Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...issued before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section...

2012-01-01

54

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...App. S Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...issued before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section...

2014-01-01

55

Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake  

E-print Network

Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake on the Seattle Fault Earthquake Engineering Research for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake on the Seattle Fault Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the Washington Military Department Emergency Management Division June 2005 #12;iv Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake

Wilcock, William

56

Introduction: seismology and earthquake engineering in Central and South America.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Reports the state-of-the-art in seismology and earthquake engineering that is being advanced in Central and South America. Provides basic information on seismological station locations in Latin America and some of the programmes in strong-motion seismology, as well as some of the organizations involved in these activities.-from Author

Espinosa, A.F.

1983-01-01

57

Engineering Seismic Base Layer for Defining Design Earthquake Motion  

SciTech Connect

Engineer's common sense that incident wave is common in a widespread area at the engineering seismic base layer is shown not to be correct. An exhibiting example is first shown, which indicates that earthquake motion at the ground surface evaluated by the analysis considering the ground from a seismic bedrock to a ground surface simultaneously (continuous analysis) is different from the one by the analysis in which the ground is separated at the engineering seismic base layer and analyzed separately (separate analysis). The reason is investigated by several approaches. Investigation based on eigen value problem indicates that the first predominant period in the continuous analysis cannot be found in the separate analysis, and predominant period at higher order does not match in the upper and lower ground in the separate analysis. The earthquake response analysis indicates that reflected wave at the engineering seismic base layer is not zero, which indicates that conventional engineering seismic base layer does not work as expected by the term 'base'. All these results indicate that wave that goes down to the deep depths after reflecting in the surface layer and again reflects at the seismic bedrock cannot be neglected in evaluating the response at the ground surface. In other words, interaction between the surface layer and/or layers between seismic bedrock and engineering seismic base layer cannot be neglected in evaluating the earthquake motion at the ground surface.

Yoshida, Nozomu [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tohoku Gakuin University, Tagajo 1-13-1, Miyagi (Japan)

2008-07-08

58

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing for Earthquake Engineering Studies  

SciTech Connect

Downhole seismic testing is one field test that is commonly used to determine compression-wave (P) and shear-wave (S) velocity profiles in geotechnical earthquake engineering investigations. These profiles are required input in evaluations of the responses to earthquake shaking of geotechnical sites and structures at these sites. In the past, traditional downhole testing has generally involved profiling in the 30- to 150-m depth range. As the number of field seismic investigations at locations with critical facilities has increased, profiling depths have also increased. An improved downhole test that can be used for wave velocity profiling to depths of 300 to 600 m or more is presented.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh; Rohay, Alan C.

2008-10-17

59

Earthquake science research with a microsatellite.  

PubMed

Reliable, repeatable earthquake forecast is a subject surrounded by controversy and scepticism. What is clear is that reliable forecast would be a critical tool for effective earthquake disaster management. It is proposed that satellites and ground-based facilities may detect earthquake precursors in the ionosphere a few hours or days before the main shock. A low-cost 100 kg class satellite carrying a topside sounder is proposed, to make systematic measurements over seismically active zones. The mission aims to confirm or refute the hypothesis of ionospheric earthquake precursors, define the reliability and reproducibility, and enable further scientific understanding of their mechanisms. PMID:12626251

Jason, Susan J; Pulinets, Sergey; da Silva Curiel, Alex; Liddle, Doug

2003-01-15

60

Research Spotlight: Spooky action at a distance, for earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 27 February 2010 a magnitude 8.8 earthquake rocked millions of Chileans from their slumber, but the South American people weren't the only ones so affected. New research by Peng et al. suggests that the trembling off the Chilean coast could have triggered a swarm of shallow earthquakes nearly 10,000 kilometers away in central California. The team identified four earthquakes with magnitudes of 2 or higher, with the largest of the group being a M 3.5 quake that rattled the Coso geothermal field. The affected region is plagued by small earthquakes, but when the authors calculated the chance of a swarm so neatly following the Chilean earthquake, they inferred that the two seismic events were probably connected. The authors also saw a cluster of deep, low-frequency earthquakes along the Parkfield-Cholame section of the San Andreas Fault that also appeared to be influenced by the Chilean event. The researchers suggest that the timing of the California earthquakes was affected by the arrival of Love waveshorizontal surface movement that would have traveled out from the epicenter of the Chilean earthquake, pushing already stressed faults over the edge. (Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2010GL045462, 2010)

Schultz, Colin

2011-02-01

61

Source: Proceedings of International Conference on Advances and New Challenges in Earthquake Engineering Research (ICANCEER02), Hong Kong, China, August 19-20, 2002.  

E-print Network

Source: Proceedings of International Conference on Advances and New Challenges in Earthquake high for tethered systems, Straser (1998) proposed employing wireless communication technology to serve STRUCTURAL MONITORING SYSTEM Jerome Peter Lynch1 , Arvind Sundararajan2 , Kincho H. Law1 , and Anne S

Lynch, Jerome P.

62

Performance-based seismic design of nonstructural building components: The next frontier of earthquake engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the development and implementation of performance-based earthquake engineering, harmonization of performance levels between structural and nonstructural components becomes vital. Even if the structural components of a building achieve a continuous or immediate occupancy performance level after a seismic event, failure of architectural, mechanical or electrical components can lower the performance level of the entire building system. This reduction in performance caused by the vulnerability of nonstructural components has been observed during recent earthquakes worldwide. Moreover, nonstructural damage has limited the functionality of critical facilities, such as hospitals, following major seismic events. The investment in nonstructural components and building contents is far greater than that of structural components and framing. Therefore, it is not surprising that in many past earthquakes, losses from damage to nonstructural components have exceeded losses from structural damage. Furthermore, the failure of nonstructural components can become a safety hazard or can hamper the safe movement of occupants evacuating buildings, or of rescue workers entering buildings. In comparison to structural components and systems, there is relatively limited information on the seismic design of nonstructural components. Basic research work in this area has been sparse, and the available codes and guidelines are usually, for the most part, based on past experiences, engineering judgment and intuition, rather than on objective experimental and analytical results. Often, design engineers are forced to start almost from square one after each earthquake event: to observe what went wrong and to try to prevent repetitions. This is a consequence of the empirical nature of current seismic regulations and guidelines for nonstructural components. This review paper summarizes current knowledge on the seismic design and analysis of nonstructural building components, identifying major knowledge gaps that will need to be filled by future research. Furthermore, considering recent trends in earthquake engineering, the paper explores how performance-based seismic design might be conceived for nonstructural components, drawing on recent developments made in the field of seismic design and hinting at the specific considerations required for nonstructural components.

Filiatrault, Andre; Sullivan, Timothy

2014-08-01

63

Reduction of earthquake risk in the united states: Bridging the gap between research and practice  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuing efforts under the auspices of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program are under way to improve earthquake risk assessment and risk management in earthquake-prone regions of Alaska, California, Nevada, Washington, Oregon, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, and Idaho, the New Madrid and Wabash Valley seismic zones in the central United States, the southeastern and northeastern United States, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, and Hawaii. Geologists, geophysicists, seismologists, architects, engineers, urban planners, emergency managers, health care specialists, and policymakers are having to work at the margins of their disciplines to bridge the gap between research and practice and to provide a social, technical, administrative, political, legal, and economic basis for changing public policies and professional practices in communities where the earthquake risk is unacceptable. ?? 1998 IEEE.

Hays, W.W.

1998-01-01

64

Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in earthquakes with an introduction to the subject. Following a section presenting an historical look at the world's major earthquakes, the booklet discusses earthquake-prone geographic areas, the nature and workings of earthquakes, earthquake

Pakiser, Louis C.

65

Ninth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

(Building Database Typology - BDT Grenoble) was designed in the frame of the Vulneralp project (Guéguen of buildings. At the scale of the building, engineers model the structure and compare a demand (hazard and Vassail 2004). Six different types of concrete and thirteen types of masonry buildings are proposed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

66

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2002; 00:16 Prepared using eqeauth.cls [Version: 2002/11/11 v1.00  

E-print Network

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2002; 00:1­6 Prepared using eqeauth.cls [Version: 2002/11/11 v1.00] Long-period earthquake ground displacements recorded earthquakes in western North America (Hector Mine, Mw7.1; Denali, Mw7.9; and San Simeon, Mw6.5) have been

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

67

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN DECEMBER 2007 Vol. 2, Issue 3 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

68

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN AUGUST 2008 Vol. 3, Issue 2 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

69

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN AUGUST 2007 Vol. 2, Issue 2 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

70

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN APRIL 2007 Vol. 2, Issue 1 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government

de Weck, Olivier L.

71

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

An earthquake happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one another. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently, and without warning at any time of the day or night. If an earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause ...

72

Besinci Ulusal Deprem Muhendisligi Konferansi, 26-30 Mayis 2003, Istanbul Fifth National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 26-30 May 2003, Istanbul, Turkey  

E-print Network

on Earthquake Engineering, 26-30 May 2003, Istanbul, Turkey Paper No: AE-040 EMPIRICAL STRONG GROUND MOTION ATTENUATION RELATIONS FOR NORTHWESTERN TURKEY Cem ?ZBEY1 , Ali SARI1 , Lance MANUEL1 , Mustafa ERDIK2 , Yasin Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Boaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey. ABSTRACT

Manuel, Lance

73

World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China  

E-print Network

. Southern California, Los Angeles, California 9089-2531, U.S.A. Email: mtodorov@usc.edu, URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/civil_eng/EarthquakeThe 14 th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China are shown for the NS response of Millikan Library in Pasadena, California, during several earthquakes

Southern California, University of

74

Time-frequency analysis of Transitory/Permanent frequency decrease in civil engineering structures during earthquakes  

E-print Network

during earthquakes Clotaire MICHEL1 , Philippe GUEGUEN1,2 1 LGIT, University of Grenoble, France 2 LCPC, Paris, France Submitted for publication in Journal of Earthquake Engineering Corresponding author C recordings in structures is a key point in order to understand the damaging process during earthquakes. One

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

8CUEE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 8th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

8CUEE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 8th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering March 7 of welded beam-column connections in steel moment resisting frames (MRFs). The 1994 Northridge earthquake damage to guide post-earthquake building inspection. Acoustic damage detection methods rely

Greer, Julia R.

76

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering (DOI 10.1007/s10518-013-9495-7)  

E-print Network

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering (DOI 10.1007/s10518-013-9495-7) Developing and Testing the Automated Post-Event Earthquake Loss Estimation and Visualisation (APE-ELEV) Technique Anthony Astoul source relying and globally applicable earthquake loss model and visualiser is desirable for post

Rau-Chaplin, Andrew

77

First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th  

E-print Network

1 First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th MONITORING THE DYNAMICS OF A CONCRETE BUILDING ENDURING EARTHQUAKE AND WIND EXCITATION Jónas Thór SN?BJ?RNSSON1 and Ragnar SIGBJ?RNSSON2 SUMMARY Earthquake and wind induced acceleration data has been

Southern California, University of

78

First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th  

E-print Network

1 First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th earthquake loading, either within laboratories or by computer modelling, observed strong-motion records well-recorded earthquakes have occurred and also there are many new strong-motion data sources

Boyer, Edmond

79

Proceedings of the 8 U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 8 th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering April 18-22, 2006, San the apparent natural frequencies of structures during strong to moderate excitation, and earthquake damage can plas- tic rotation and weld fractures). Our analysis techniques are then applied to earthquake records

Greer, Julia R.

80

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the British Geological Survey, the Earthquakes Web site contains numerous educational topics for kids. Best suited for junior high school students and older, the site contains information on macroseismology (or the observable effects of earthquakes on people, buildings, and nature); seismic hazards; earthquake monitoring; recent and historical earthquakes; and more. Other links on the site include a Questions and Answers page, earthquake references, and additional educational links culminating in an informative and helpful source of online science learning. [JAB

81

Earthquake engineering: Fifth Canadian Conference, Gnie Sismique: Cinquime Confrence Canadienne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book is the proceedings of the Fifth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering, held in Ottawa on July 6-8, 1987. This conference has been held every 4 years since 1971. The proceedings consist of the five keynote lectures and 88 papers that were presented. The majority of the authors are from the United States and Canada, but a significant body of work from Japan and the People's Republic of China is included. Since the proceedings of a conference cannot be subjected to a book review in the ordinary sense, I will describe the five keynote lectures and give an overview of the papers.

Seale, Sandra H.

82

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This outline of basic information on earthquakes starts with an explanation of an earthquake, including the forces acting on rock, (tension, compression, and shear) and plastic and elastic deformation of rock. Next, the principle of the seismograph, seismometer, and seismogram along with the three types of seismic waves are discussed. Information is then presented to help the student distinguish between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, describe the world-wide distribution pattern of earthquake activity, and explain the earthquake magnitude (Richter) scale and the Modified Mercalli scale of earthquake intensity. This site also includes an explanation of how the epicenter of an earthquake can be located. There is a discussion of some past earthquakes along with a description of the effects of earthquake activity.

Pamela Gore

83

312 GEOTECHNICAL EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND SOIL DYNAMICS III Tokimatsu, K., Yoshimi, Y. and Arizumi, K. (l990)."Evaluation of liquefaction  

E-print Network

of the terminology is a subject of future research. To clarify the shear strength of liquefied soil, Figure 1312 GEOTECHNICAL EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND SOIL DYNAMICS III Tokimatsu, K., Yoshimi, Y," Soils and Foundations, 30(3), 153-158. Yoshimi, Y., Tokimatsu, K., Kaneko, O. and Makihara, Y. (I 984

84

Researchers study tsunami generated by Mexican earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Barra de Navidad is a small Mexican tourist town on the coast of a lagoon that is buffered from the Pacific Ocean by a narrow strip of sand. The town is a favorite rest spot of American and Canadian tourists. On October 9, 1995, at 9:36 local time (1536 GMT), a strong earthquake that measured Mx = 8.0 disrupted the lives of the townspeople. The epicenter of the earthquake was located in the ocean at 1851.5?N and 1048.4?W [Ortiz and Synolakis, 1996], but it destroyed many hotels and homes, and the shifting of the land tore up the highway that connects Barra de Navidad and Manzanillo. Crevices of up to 3 m wide opened across the road, and bridges over small rivers were knocked down. In an instant, the town was disconnected from the outside world. Frightened townspeople roamed the streets, assessing the destruction.

Filonov, Anatoliy E.

85

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will participate in a virtual earthquake lab where they will locate an epicenter and measure Richter Scale magnitude. They will also plot the positions of earthquakes that occurred that day. 1) Go to Virtual Earthquake website and follow instructions to complete the online lab assignment. 2) Go to the USGS earthquake site. Take a few minutes to explore the earthquakes displayed on the world map. Click on \\"M2.5/4+ Earthquake List\\". Use the world map provided by your teacher to plot the locations ...

Hemedinger, Mrs.

2007-11-26

86

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson on earthquakes is based on naturalist John Muir's experiences with two significant earthquakes, the 1872 earthquake on the east side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Students will learn to explain that earthquakes are sudden motions along breaks in the crust called faults, and list the major geologic events including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and mountain building, which are the result of crustal plate motions. A downloadable, printable version (PDF) of the lesson plan is available.

87

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING RESEARCH REPORT  

E-print Network

1 #12;2 COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING RESEARCH REPORT 2000-2001 Executive Summary 1. Division and in some cases new products. The College of Engineering is actively engaged in research in its constituent Engineering. Engineering related research is also carried out in Engineering Physics within the Department

Saskatchewan, University of

88

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative SEAri CONSORTIUM Fall 2008 MIT ESDMIT ESD The SEAri Consortium The SEAri Consortium focuses on the advancement of systems engineering, complementing on advanced systems engineering topics. Through the consortium, SEAri engages with systems engineering leaders

de Weck, Olivier L.

89

Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the causes and effects of earthquakes, defines the meaning of magnitude (measured on the Richter Magnitude Scale) and intensity (measured on a modified Mercalli Intensity Scale) and discusses earthquake prediction and control. (JR)

Roper, Paul J.; Roper, Jere Gerard

1974-01-01

90

Undergraduate Research - Analyzing Data Sets: Global Positioning System (GPS) and Modeling the 1994 Northridge Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our undergraduate research program (2000-2003), funded by NASA, consisted of four short courses on the analysis of selected data sets from GPS, solar physics, orbital mechanics, and proteomics. During the program, approximately 80 students were recruited from science, math, engineering, and technology disciplines. This short course introduced students to GPS and earthquake data analysis with additional presentations by scientists from JPL. Additional lectures involved discussions of the wave equation, Fourier analysis, statistical techniques, and computer applications of Excel and Matlab. Each student modeled the observed GPS displacements produced by the 1994 Northridge earthquake and presented an oral report. An additional component of the program involved students as research assistants engaged in a variety of projects at CSUN and JPL. Each short course continued the following semester with weekly research lectures.

Simila, G.; Shubin, C.; Horn, W.

2003-12-01

91

Earthquakes Canada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the earthquake information page of the Natural Resources Canada Geologic Survey. It contains links to reports, maps, and lists of recent earthquakes, information and hazards as well as earthquake research and network and data archives. Links also connect to information on earthquake hazards, products and publications, a site to report earthquakes, and a link to other earthquake resources.

92

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH BULLETIN DECEMBER 2006 Vol. 1, Issue 3 About SEAri The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative, known as SEAri, brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry

de Weck, Olivier L.

93

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative RESEARCH PORTFOLIO Fall 2008 About SEAri http://seari.mit.edu The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government, and academia. SEAri is positioned within

de Weck, Olivier L.

94

Statistical Characteristics of Earthquake Ground Motion;  

E-print Network

Statistical Characteristics of Earthquake Ground Motion; Has PBEE Broken the Power Law? Tom Heaton · Currently the Director of the Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory (EERL) · BS in physics from Indiana Dynamics and most of my students are EE · Not your typical Earthquake Engineer #12;Caltech asked me

Greer, Julia R.

95

Earthquakes!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A strong earthquake struck Istanbul, Turkey on Monday, only weeks after a major quake in the same area claimed more than 15,500 lives. This site, from The Why Files (see the August 9, 1996 Scout Report), offers background information on the science of earthquakes, with particular emphasis on the recent tectonic activity in Turkey.

96

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Fall 2009 About SEAri http://seari.mit.edu The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government, and academia. SEAri is positioned within

de Weck, Olivier L.

97

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative WEB SITE Fall 2009 About SEAri http://seari.mit.edu The Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative brings together a set of sponsored research projects and a consortium of systems engineering leaders from industry, government, and academia. SEAri is positioned within

de Weck, Olivier L.

98

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING RESEARCH REPORT  

E-print Network

#12;i COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING RESEARCH REPORT 2002-03 Table of Contents Executive Summary 1/03 academic year, faculty at the College of Engineering have attracted over $9.5 million of external research of research excellence. These are: 1. Bioscience, Bio-engineering, and Bio-processing; 2. Environment

Saskatchewan, University of

99

New research project for the next Nankai trough mega thrust earthquakes -Integration of Observation, Simulation and Disaster Mitigation researches-  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nankai trough located off Southwestern Japan is well known as mega thrust earthquake seismogenic zone, In the Nankai trough, there are three mega thrust earthquake rupture zones such as Tokai, Tonankai and Nankai earthquake rupture zones, around there mega thrust earthquakes are occurring with an interval of 100-200 years. In past three mega thrust earthquakes around the Nankai trough, 1944/1946(Showa earthquake), 1854(Ansei earthquake) and 1707(Hoei earthquake), these occurrence patterns are quite differences. In the1994/1946 Showa earthquakes, the first rupture started from the Tonankai earthquake rupture zone a head of the Nankai earthquake with a interval of 2 years, however, in the 1854 Ansei earthquakes, time difference between the Tonankai/Tokai earthquakes and the Nankai earthquake were about 32 hours, and in the 1707 Hoei earthquakes, time differences among these earthquakes are estimated as almost same. According to results of these historical earthquakes, we understand that there quite diversities in the mega thrust earthquake recurrences around the Nankai trough. To understand and estimate the diversities among ten next Nankai trough mega thrust earthquakes , we have to improve the structure model and the recurrence cycle simulation model with higher reliabilities. Especially, the estimation of recurrence cycle between the Tonankai and Nankai earthquake is very important for disaster preventions. The new research project for the next Nanaki trough mega thrust earthquakes is starting as the MEXT project which is a kind of Japanese government. In this project, we will propose research plans as follows, 1) Construct the detailed crustal medium around the Nankai trough using controlled sources and seismic tomography using dense seismic lines and OBS network arrays. 2) Observations of crustal activities around the Nankai trough using seismometers and pressure gauges. 3) Construct the database of long term plate coupling dynamics. And study the diversity of recurrence pattern and scale of next mega thrust earthquakes. 4) Develop the advanced simulation methods. 5) Improve the large scale recurrence cycle simulation model based on theoretical and experimental analyses. 6) Evaluate the precise strong motions and tsunamis for the disaster mitigation. 7) Develop the reliable risk management system for next mega thrust earthquake. 8) Develop and construct the real time monitoring system around the Tonankai earthquake rupture zone. This system is called as DONET(Dense Ocean floor Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis). 9) Apply scientific results of Nankai seismogenic zone drilling to recurrence cycle simulation. Finally, we will progress these researches and integrate these results for the next Nankai trough mega thrust earthquakes. We will introduce these researches in the detail.

Kaneda, Y.; Hirahara, K.; Furumuea, T.

2009-04-01

100

Concurrent engineering research center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The projects undertaken by The Concurrent Engineering Research Center (CERC) at West Virginia University are reported and summarized. CERC's participation in the Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Project relating to technology needed to improve the product development process is described, particularly in the area of advanced weapon systems. The efforts committed to improving collaboration among the diverse and distributed health care providers are reported, along with the research activities for NASA in Independent Software Verification and Validation. CERC also takes part in the electronic respirator certification initiated by The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, as well as in the efforts to find a solution to the problem of producing environment-friendly end-products for product developers worldwide. The 3M Fiber Metal Matrix Composite Model Factory Program is discussed. CERC technologies, facilities,and personnel-related issues are described, along with its library and technical services and recent publications.

Callahan, John R.

1995-01-01

101

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

... earthquake is the sudden, rapid shaking of the earth, caused by the breaking and shifting of subterranean ... the forces of plate tectonics have shaped the earth, as the huge plates that form the earths ...

102

Reflections from the interface between seismological research and earthquake risk reduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific understanding of earthquakes and their attendant hazards is vital for the development of effective earthquake risk reduction strategies. Within the global disaster reduction policy framework (the Hyogo Framework for Action, overseen by the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), the anticipated role of science and scientists is clear, with respect to risk assessment, loss estimation, space-based observation, early warning and forecasting. The importance of information sharing and cooperation, cross-disciplinary networks and developing technical and institutional capacity for effective disaster management is also highlighted. In practice, the degree to which seismological information is successfully delivered to and applied by individuals, groups or organisations working to manage or reduce the risk from earthquakes is variable. The challenge for scientists is to provide fit-for-purpose information that can be integrated simply into decision-making and risk reduction activities at all levels of governance and at different geographic scales, often by a non-technical audience (i.e. people without any seismological/earthquake engineering training). The interface between seismological research and earthquake risk reduction (defined here in terms of both the relationship between the science and its application, and the scientist and other risk stakeholders) is complex. This complexity is a function of a range issues that arise relating to communication, multidisciplinary working, politics, organisational practices, inter-organisational collaboration, working practices, sectoral cultures, individual and organisational values, worldviews and expectations. These factors can present significant obstacles to scientific information being incorporated into the decision-making process. The purpose of this paper is to present some personal reflections on the nature of the interface between the worlds of seismological research and risk reduction, and the implications for scientists and information delivery.

Sargeant, S.

2012-04-01

103

Seismological Research Letters, 74, 3, May/June 2003, 271-273 Speculations on Earthquake Forecasting  

E-print Network

Seismological Research Letters, 74, 3, May/June 2003, 271-273 OPINION Speculations on Earthquake of stress- monitoring sites could lead to earthquake forecasting analogous to the way networks to be a major advance that offers more hope for forecasting earthquakes than was envisioned in the survey Living

104

A Wavelet Toolkit for Visualization and Analysis of Large Data Sets In Earthquake Research  

E-print Network

A Wavelet Toolkit for Visualization and Analysis of Large Data Sets In Earthquake Research G in earthquake physics and other nonlinear problems in the solid earth geosciences. Keywords: wavelets, visualization, grid computing, collaboration, web-based maps, earthquakes 1 Introduction As in many other fields

Erlebacher, Gordon

105

Earthquake research for the safer siting of critical facilities  

SciTech Connect

The task of providing the necessities for living, such as adequate electrical power, water, and fuel, is becoming more complicated with time. Some of the facilities that provide these necessities would present potential hazards to the population if serious damage were to occur to them during earthquakes. Other facilities must remain operable immediately after an earthquake to provide life-support services to people who have been affected. The purpose of this report is to recommend research that will improve the information available to those who must decide where to site these critical facilities, and thereby mitigate the effects of the earthquake hazard. The term critical facility is used in this report to describe facilities that could seriously affect the public well-being through loss of life, large financial loss, or degradation of the environment if they were to fail. The term critical facility also is used to refer to facilities that, although they pose a limited hazard to the public, are considered critical because they must continue to function in the event of a disaster so that they can provide vital services.

Cluff, J.L. (ed.)

1980-01-01

106

Ambient noise as the new source for urban engineering seismology and earthquake engineering: a case study from Beijing metropolitan area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In highly populated urban centers, traditional seismic survey sources can no longer be properly applied due to restrictions in modern civilian life styles. The ambient vibration noise, including both microseisms and microtremor, though are generally weak but available anywhere and anytime, can be an ideal supplementary source for conducting seismic surveys for engineering seismology and earthquake engineering. This is fundamentally supported by advanced digital signal processing techniques for effectively extracting the useful information out from the noise. Thus, it can be essentially regarded as a passive seismic method. In this paper we first make a brief survey of the ambient vibration noise, followed by a quick summary of digital signal processing for passive seismic surveys. Then the applications of ambient noise in engineering seismology and earthquake engineering for urban settings are illustrated with examples from Beijing metropolitan area. For engineering seismology the example is the assessment of site effect in a large area via microtremor observations. For earthquake engineering the example is for structural characterization of a typical reinforced concrete high-rise building using background vibration noise. By showing these examples we argue that the ambient noise can be treated as a new source that is economical, practical, and particularly valuable to engineering seismology and earthquake engineering projects for seismic hazard mitigation in urban areas.

Liu, Lanbo; Chen, Qi-fu; Wang, Weijun; Rohrbach, Eric

2014-02-01

107

Strong Earthquake Motion Estimates for the UCSB Campus, and Related Response of the Engineering 1 Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second report on the UC\\/CLC Campus Earthquake Program (CEP), concerning the estimation of exposure of the U.C. Santa Barbara campus to strong earthquake motions (Phase 2 study). The main results of Phase 1 are summarized in the current report. This document describes the studies which resulted in site-specific strong motion estimates for the Engineering I site, and

R. Archuleta; F. Bonilla; M. Doroudian; A. Elgamal; F. Hueze

2000-01-01

108

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Soft-Story Collapse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows an apartment building in the Marina District of San Francisco, California, that was destroyed by a phenomenon known as soft-story collapse. The damage occurred during the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

109

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngin  

E-print Network

09 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research CouncilEngineering and Physical Sciences Research

Hensinger, Winfried

110

WEGENER: World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WEGENER is originally the acronym for Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research. It was founded in March 1981 in response to an appeal delivered at the Journes Luxembourgeoises de Geodynamique in December 1980 to respond with a coordinated European proposal to a NASA Announcement of Opportunity inviting participation in the Crustal Dynamics and Earthquake Research Program. WEGENER, during the past 32 years, has always kept a close contact with the Agencies and Institutions responsible for the development and maintenance of the global space geodetic networks with the aim to make them aware of the scientific needs and outcomes of the project which might have an influence on the general science policy trends. WEGENER was serving as Inter-commission Project 3.2, between Commission 1 and Commission 3, of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) until 2012. Since then, WEGENER project has became the Sub-commission 3.5 of IAG commission 3, namely Tectonics and Earthquake Geodesy. In this study, we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, "World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research".

Ozener, Haluk; Zerbini, Susanna; Bastos, Luisa; Becker, Matthias; Meghraoui, Mustapha; Reilinger, Robert

2013-04-01

111

Researchers demonstrate existence of earthquake supershear phenomenon PASADENA, Calif.--As if folks living in earthquake country didn't already have enough to worry about, scientists  

E-print Network

Researchers demonstrate existence of earthquake supershear phenomenon PASADENA, Calif.--As if folks living in earthquake country didn't already have enough to worry about, scientists have now identified another rupture phenomenon that can occur during certain types of large earthquakes. The only question now

112

New Research Project For The Next Nankai Trough Mega Thrust Earthquakes Towards To Understanding The Next Mega Thrust Earthquakes. And Mitigation Damages  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Nankai trough, mega thrust earthquakes are occurring with an interval of 100-200 years. So, many researches are focusing on the Nankai trough to elucidate the recurrence system of mega thrust earthquakes. The recent result of recurrence cycle simulation indicates the difference patterns and intervals of mega- thrust earthquake recurrences in each cycle. However, these results are not satisfied

Y. Kaneda; K. Hirahara; T. Furumura

2008-01-01

113

Engineering Research in Diabetes Summer Research Experience for  

E-print Network

Engineering Research in Diabetes Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Summer 2006 Pritzker Institute for Biomedical Science and Engineering Engineering Center For Diabetes Research worldwide suffer from Diabetes Mellitus. While a cure does not currently exist, biomedical engineering

Bieber, Michael

114

WEGENER: World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this presentation we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived (Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research) and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR (INterferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, "World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research".

Ozener, H.; Zerbini, S.; Bastos, M. L.; Becker, M. H.; Meghraoui, M.; Reilinger, R. E.

2013-05-01

115

WEGENER: World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived (Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research) and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR (INterferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, "World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research".

Ozener, Haluk; Zerbini, Susanna; Bastos, Luisa; Becker, Matthias; Meghraoui, Mustapha; Reilinger, Robert

2013-07-01

116

World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancouver, B.C., Canada  

E-print Network

. The ductile retrofit devices exhibited a robust hysteretic behavior, dissipated the seismic induced energy earthquake. This paper describes the retrofit concept, the innovative seismic testing procedure be at high risk of damage during a major seismic event. DUCTILE SEISMIC RETROFIT An in-depth coverage

Bruneau, Michel

117

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Column Failure, Cypress Street Viaduct  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows structural failure in the Cypress Street Viaduct caused by high intensity ground motions exacerbated by a deep clay soil profile. The column on the left collapsed, causing the upper roadway to fall onto the lower. The damage was caused by the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

118

Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities: 1999  

NSF Publications Database

... Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities: 1999 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities: 1999 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Scientific and ...

119

Science and Engineering Research Facilities: 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities: 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Scientific and ...

120

Journal of Earthquake Engineering A. S. Elnashai and N. N. Ambraseys  

E-print Network

.douglas@brgm.fr HILMAR BUNGUM NORSAR / International Centre for Geohazards (ICG), P.O. Box 53, Instituttveien 25, 2027 Kjeller, Norway, hilmar.bungum@norsar.no JAINISH KOTADIA Department of Earthquake Engineering, Indian, 8 (2009) p. 1191-1210" DOI : 10.1080/13632460902859151 #12;2 M. Sharma, J. Douglas, H. Bungum, J

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

121

Proceedings of the 8 U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 8 th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering April 18-22, 2006, San Francisco, California, USA SITE CHARACTERIZATION AND SEISMIC ZONATION OF GUAYAQUIL CITY, ECUADOR X. Vera. Mera-Ortiz5 ABSTRACT Guayaquil is one of the most important cities in Ecuador and has a significant

122

Road Surfaces And Earthquake Engineering: A Theoretical And Experimental Study  

SciTech Connect

As is well known, road surfaces greatly affect vehicle-road interaction. As a consequence, road surfaces have a paramount influence on road safety and pavement management systems. On the other hand, earthquakes produce deformations able to modify road surface structure, properties and performance. In the light of these facts, the main goal of this paper has been confined into the modelling of road surface before, during and after the seismic event. The fundamentals of road surface texture theory have been stated in a general formulation. Models in the field of road profile generation and theoretical properties, before, during and after the earthquake, have been formulated and discussed. Practical applications can be hypothesised in the field of vehicle-road interaction as a result of road surface texture derived from deformations and accelerations caused by seismic or similar events.

Pratico, Filippo Giammaria [D.I.M.E.T. Department--Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria (Italy)

2008-07-08

123

John Wallace, PhD, PE, FACI P f St t l/E th k E i iProfessor, Structural/Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

John Wallace, PhD, PE, FACI P f St t l/E th k E i iProfessor, Structural/Earthquake Engineering 1985 Earthquake Ground Motions Building Codes Building Codes and Trendsg Building Performance R. Boroschek, Universidad de Chile 17 #12;T = N/14 [1985 Earthquake]Tcr = N/14 [1985 Earthquake] 15

Grether, Gregory

124

Software-engineering research revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses three major changes that he suggests are occurring as a result of the software engineering industry adopting the industry-as-laboratory approach, in which researchers identify problems through close involvement with industrial projects and create and evaluate solutions in an almost indivisible research activity. This approach emphasizes what people actually do or can do in practice, rather than what

C. Potts

1993-01-01

125

Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context: Value-Driven Architecting and Design of Engineering Systems Presented by: Dr. Donna H. Rhodes and Dr. Adam M. Ross Massachusetts Topics PART I. Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context · Brief Overview

de Weck, Olivier L.

126

Pedagogical Training and Research in Engineering Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ferment in engineering has focused increased attention on undergraduate engineering education, and has clarified the need for rigorous research in engineering education. This need has spawned the new research field of Engineering Education and greatly increased interest in earning Ph.D. degrees based on rigorous engineering education research.

Wankat, Phillip C.

2008-01-01

127

School of Operations Research and Information Engineering Master of Engineering  

E-print Network

School of Operations Research and Information Engineering 1 Master of Engineering Program Inf-200 undergraduate students #12;School of Operations Research and Information Engineering 4 Overview #12;School of Operations Research and Information Engineering 5 Fall 2011 MEng Class · 92 new MEng students · 48

Keinan, Alon

128

School of Operations Research and Information Engineering Master of Engineering  

E-print Network

School of Operations Research and Information Engineering 1 Master of Engineering Program Inf-200 undergraduate students #12;School of Operations Research and Information Engineering 4 Overview #12;School of Operations Research and Information Engineering 5 Fall 2013 MEng Class · 88 new MEng students · 53

Keinan, Alon

129

1 INTRODUCTION Earthquake is one of the most serious natural disas-  

E-print Network

1 INTRODUCTION Earthquake is one of the most serious natural disas- ters. Earthquake disaster mitigation is an extremely important subject for mankind. China and US are both earthquake-prone countries University of Technology has engaged in teaching and research on earthquake engineering for a long time

Spencer Jr., B.F.

130

University Consortium of Instructional Shake Tables: Enhancing Education in Earthquake Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 50 member institutions worldwide, the University Consortium of Instructional Shake Tables (UCIST) is a major effort to "foster collaborative teaching and learning" within the earthquake engineering discipline. This paper, which was presented at the International Meeting on Civil Engineering Education in September 2003, discusses how UCIST has contributed to undergraduate curricula and integrated structural dynamics into previously lacking civil engineering programs. Additionally, it outlines some of the educational tools and experiments that have been developed through UCIST, for use in both college and K-12 classrooms.

Caicedo, Juan M.; Dyke, Shirley J.; Soto-Fournier, Manuel

131

Earthquake research: Premonitory models and the physics of crustal distortion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Seismic, gravity, and electrical resistivity data, believed to be most relevent to development of earthquake premonitory models of the crust, are presented. Magnetotellurics (MT) are discussed. Radon investigations are reviewed.

Whitcomb, J. H.

1981-01-01

132

Educational Outreach Strategy Involves Students in Earthquake Hazard Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes how students in Alaska are helping scientists study earthquake hazards by conducting global positioning system (GPS) measurements in order to track crustal movements in the Earth's crust. It points out the importance for Alaskan inhabitants of understanding the hazards and physical processes associated with earthquakes, describes how the students located and installed a network of GPS receivers, and how repeated measurements enable scientists to estimate the accumulation of strain and thus the potential for seismic activity in the region.

133

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2007; 36:19731997  

E-print Network

is illustrated through application to a reinforced- concrete moment-frame building designed per current (2003 Evaluation of the seismic performance of a code-conforming reinforced-concrete frame building--from seismic engineering (PBEE) consists of the evaluation, design and con- struction of structures to meet seismic

Heaton, Thomas H.

134

Structural engineering for northern Pakistan : indigenous architecture and earthquake resistance  

E-print Network

In the Fall of 1993, a joint project began between architectural designers and engineers, for the design of houses in Karimabad, located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. This thesis records the author's involvement as ...

Su, Jimmy Chi-yi

1995-01-01

135

ADVANCED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this manuscript, research on hydrogen internal combustion engines is discussed. The objective of this project is to provide a means of renewable hydrogen based fuel utilization. The development of a high efficiency, low emissions electrical generator will lead to establishing a path for renewable hydrogen based fuel utilization. A full-scale prototype will be produced in collaboration with commercial manufacturers.

Peter Van Blarigan

2000-01-01

136

Research Interests Bruce E. Shaw Earthquakes remain one of the great unsolved problems in Earth Science. While  

E-print Network

will occur re- mains elusive, progress in understanding what happens when earthquakes finally do occur1 Research Interests Bruce E. Shaw Earthquakes remain one of the great unsolved problems in Earth Science. While seismology has made much use of earthquakes, for example using focal mechanisms as a key

Shaw, Bruce E.

137

Strong Earthquake Motion Estimates for the UCSB Campus, and Related Response of the Engineering 1 Building  

SciTech Connect

This is the second report on the UC/CLC Campus Earthquake Program (CEP), concerning the estimation of exposure of the U.C. Santa Barbara campus to strong earthquake motions (Phase 2 study). The main results of Phase 1 are summarized in the current report. This document describes the studies which resulted in site-specific strong motion estimates for the Engineering I site, and discusses the potential impact of these motions on the building. The main elements of Phase 2 are: (1) determining that a M 6.8 earthquake on the North Channel-Pitas Point (NCPP) fault is the largest threat to the campus. Its recurrence interval is estimated at 350 to 525 years; (2) recording earthquakes from that fault on March 23, 1998 (M 3.2) and May 14, 1999 (M 3.2) at the new UCSB seismic station; (3) using these recordings as empirical Green's functions (EGF) in scenario earthquake simulations which provided strong motion estimates (seismic syntheses) at a depth of 74 m under the Engineering I site; 240 such simulations were performed, each with the same seismic moment, but giving a broad range of motions that were analyzed for their mean and standard deviation; (4) laboratory testing, at U.C. Berkeley and U.C. Los Angeles, of soil samples obtained from drilling at the UCSB station site, to determine their response to earthquake-type loading; (5) performing nonlinear soil dynamic calculations, using the soil properties determined in-situ and in the laboratory, to calculate the surface strong motions resulting from the seismic syntheses at depth; (6) comparing these CEP-generated strong motion estimates to acceleration spectra based on the application of state-of-practice methods - the IBC 2000 code, UBC 97 code and Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis (PSHA), this comparison will be used to formulate design-basis spectra for future buildings and retrofits at UCSB; and (7) comparing the response of the Engineering I building to the CEP ground motion estimates and to the design-basis earthquake (DBE) motions used for its retrofit. Because of the new, site-specific approach which the CEP studies represent, an extensive effort of validation is documented on several fronts: (1) validation of the EGF methodology used in the seismic syntheses of strong motion at depth; (2) validation of the soil profile used for the Engineering I site; (3) validation of the 1-D vertical seismic wave propagation assumption at the UCSB site; and (4) validation of the nonlinear soil models used to obtain strong motions at the surface. The ever-growing database of strong earthquake records clearly demonstrates the potential for great variability of ground motions from site to site in a given earthquake. These variations are only reflected in a coarse way in the state-of-the-practice Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analyses, which are rather generic. They are not either described by the simplified design spectra of the Building codes (UBC 97, IBC 2000). These shortcomings provide a strong justification for augmenting the state-of-the-practice estimates with site- specific studies such as done by the Campus Earthquake Program.

Archuleta, R.; Bonilla, F.; Doroudian, M.; Elgamal, A.; Hueze, F.

2000-06-06

138

Addressing earthquake strong ground motion issues at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

In the course of reassessing seismic hazards at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), several key issues have been raised concerning the effects of the earthquake source and site geology on potential strong ground motions that might be generated by a large earthquake. The design earthquake for the INEL is an approximate moment magnitude (M{sub w}) 7 event that may occur on the southern portion of the Lemhi fault, a Basin and Range normal fault that is located on the northwestern boundary of the eastern Snake River Plain and the INEL, within 10 to 27km of several major facilities. Because the locations of these facilities place them at close distances to a large earthquake and generally along strike of the causative fault, the effects of source rupture dynamics (e.g., directivity) could be critical in enhancing potential ground shaking at the INEL. An additional source issue that has been addressed is the value of stress drop to use in ground motions predictions. In terms of site geology, it has been questioned whether the interbedded volcanic stratigraphy beneath the ESRP and the INEL attenuates ground motions to a greater degree than a typical rock site in the western US. These three issues have been investigated employing a stochastic ground motion methodology which incorporates the Band-Limited-White-Noise source model for both a point source and finite fault, random vibration theory and an equivalent linear approach to model soil response.

Wong, I.G. [Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Oakland, CA (United States); Silva, W.J.; Stark, C.L. [Pacific Engineering & Analysis, El Cerrito, CA (United States); Jackson, S.; Smith, R.P. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1991-12-31

139

Addressing Systems Engineering Challenges Through Collaborative Research  

E-print Network

Addressing Systems Engineering Challenges Through Collaborative Research June 2008 Dr. Donna H Institute of Technology 2 Field of Systems Engineering #12;seari.mit.edu © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 3 What is Systems Engineering? SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (Traditional) Systems engineering

de Weck, Olivier L.

140

Applications of research from the U.S. Geological Survey program, assessment of regional earthquake hazards and risk along the Wasatch Front, Utah  

USGS Publications Warehouse

INTERACTIVE WORKSHOPS: ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS RESEARCH AND REDUCTION PROGRAM IN THE WASATCH FRONT, UTAH: Interactive workshops provided the forum and stimulus necessary to foster collaboration among the participants in the multidisciplinary, 5-yr program of earthquake hazards reduction in the Wasatch Front, Utah. The workshop process validated well-documented social science theories on the importance of interpersonal interaction, including interaction between researchers and users of research to increase the probability that research will be relevant to the user's needs and, therefore, more readily used. REDUCING EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS IN UTAH: THE CRUCIAL CONNECTION BETWEEN RESEARCHERS AND PRACTITIONERS: Complex scientific and engineering studies must be translated for and transferred to nontechnical personnel for use in reducing earthquake hazards in Utah. The three elements needed for effective translation, likelihood of occurrence, location, and severity of potential hazards, and the three elements needed for effective transfer, delivery, assistance, and encouragement, are described and illustrated for Utah. The importance of evaluating and revising earthquake hazard reduction programs and their components is emphasized. More than 30 evaluations of various natural hazard reduction programs and techniques are introduced. This report was prepared for research managers, funding sources, and evaluators of the Utah earthquake hazard reduction program who are concerned about effectiveness. An overview of the Utah program is provided for those researchers, engineers, planners, and decisionmakers, both public and private, who are committed to reducing human casualties, property damage, and interruptions of socioeconomic systems. PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EARTHQUAKE MITIGATION POLICIES ALONG THE WASATCH FRONT IN UTAH: The earthquake hazard potential along the Wasatch Front in Utah has been well defined by a number of scientific and engineering studies. Translated earthquake hazard maps have also been developed to identify areas that are particularly vulnerable to various causes of damage such as ground shaking, surface rupturing, and liquefaction. The implementation of earthquake hazard reduction plans are now under way in various communities in Utah. The results of a survey presented in this paper indicate that technical public officials (planners and building officials) have an understanding of the earthquake hazards and how to mitigate the risks. Although the survey shows that the general public has a slightly lower concern about the potential for economic losses, they recognize the potential problems and can support a number of earthquake mitigation measures. The study suggests that many community groups along the Wasatch Front, including volunteer groups, business groups, and elected and appointed officials, are ready for action-oriented educational programs. These programs could lead to a significant reduction in the risks associated with earthquake hazards. A DATA BASE DESIGNED FOR URBAN SEISMIC HAZARDS STUDIES: A computerized data base has been designed for use in urban seismic hazards studies conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey. The design includes file structures for 16 linked data sets, which contain geological, geophysical, and seismological data used in preparing relative ground response maps of large urban areas. The data base is organized along relational data base principles. A prototype urban hazards data base has been created for evaluation in two urban areas currently under investigation: the Wasatch Front region of Utah and the Puget Sound area of Washington. The initial implementation of the urban hazards data base was accomplished on a microcomputer using dBASE III Plus software and transferred to minicomputers and a work station. A MAPPING OF GROUND-SHAKING INTENSITIES FOR SALT LAKE COUNTY, UTAH: This paper documents the development of maps showing a

Gori, Paula L., (Edited By)

1993-01-01

141

New center for natural gas engine research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Engines and Energy Conversion Laboratory (EECL) is a comprehensive engine research and development facility, established to address manufacturers and users needs for access to state of the art research and testing environments. In addition to furthering the research of engines ranging from automotive to large stationary pipeline units, the laboratory provides manufacturers with an operational state of the art

Highfill

1994-01-01

142

Ground Shaking and Earthquake Engineering Aspects of the M 8.8 Chile Earthquake of 2010 - Applications to Cascadia and Other Subduction Zones (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The M 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake of February 27, 2010 was the fifth largest earthquake ever recorded by seismographs and provides a rare opportunity to compare strong shaking observations with earthquake rupture and damage patterns. This subduction earthquake was caused by up to 13 m of eastward slip of the Nazca plate beneath the South American plate. The rupture zone extended nearly 600 km along the Chile coast and covered the most populated region of the country - extending from south of Concepcion to just south of Valpraiso (near the latitude of Santiago). As this is the type of earthquake that is expected along the Cascadia subduction zone of western Canada and the U.S., and given that modern building codes and construction styles in Chile and Cascadia are very similar, the Canadian Association of Earthquake Engineers sent a team of 10 engineers and a seismologist to the earthquake zone to learn from this earthquake. In this presentation we focus on sites where strong ground shaking was recorded (the data available to date range from about 0.1g to 0.66g). The recorded waveforms showed strong shaking for up to 2-3 minutes, with two distinct bursts of energy that may correspond to two large asperities that ruptured. At many locations, particularly along the coast, the recorded shaking levels exceeded code values, especially at longer periods (~ 1 second and longer). There was significant damage to older hospitals and schools. Twenty-five hospitals were severely damaged (17 collapsed, 8 repairable) and in the Maule region, 45% of the hospital beds were lost. More than 2500 schools were damaged and more than 780,000 students were affected. Of about 12,000 bridges in Chile, only 40 were damaged, 20 severely (many of these were newer overpasses). Modern high-rise buildings, in general, did very well. Of the 10,000 3-storey or higher buildings constructed since 1985, only 4 collapsed, and 50-150 were badly damaged. This clearly demonstrates the importance of modern building codes to minimising damage from earthquakes. One of the key lessons learned is the importance of ground motion recordings (the value of dense strong motion networks) to understanding shaking and the effects on structures. It is these strong motion recordings that allow for improvements to codes and standards. The relevance of this set of ground motions to the Cascadia Subduction Zone and other global subduction zones will be highlighted.

Cassidy, J. F.; Boroschek, R.; Ventura, C.; Huffman, S.

2010-12-01

143

From Earthquake Prediction Research to Time-Variable Seismic Hazard Assessment Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first part of the paper defines the terms and classifications common in earthquake prediction research and applications. This is followed by short reviews of major earthquake prediction programs initiated since World War II in several countries, for example the former USSR, China, Japan, the United States, and several European countries. It outlines the underlying expectations, concepts, and hypotheses, introduces the technologies and methodologies applied and some of the results obtained, which include both partial successes and failures. Emphasis is laid on discussing the scientific reasons why earthquake prediction research is so difficult and demanding and why the prospects are still so vague, at least as far as short-term and imminent predictions are concerned. However, classical probabilistic seismic hazard assessments, widely applied during the last few decades, have also clearly revealed their limitations. In their simple form, they are time-independent earthquake rupture forecasts based on the assumption of stable long-term recurrence of earthquakes in the seismotectonic areas under consideration. Therefore, during the last decade, earthquake prediction research and pilot applications have focused mainly on the development and rigorous testing of long and medium-term rupture forecast models in which event probabilities are conditioned by the occurrence of previous earthquakes, and on their integration into neo-deterministic approaches for improved time-variable seismic hazard assessment. The latter uses stress-renewal models that are calibrated for variations in the earthquake cycle as assessed on the basis of historical, paleoseismic, and other data, often complemented by multi-scale seismicity models, the use of pattern-recognition algorithms, and site-dependent strong-motion scenario modeling. International partnerships and a global infrastructure for comparative testing have recently been developed, for example the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) with test regions in California, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, and the Western Pacific. Algorithms and data bases are operated in a permanently learning and upgrading mode. Future perspectives and research requirements and the feasibility and possible problems encountered with the implementation of earthquake predictions in practice are briefly summarized.

Bormann, Peter

2011-01-01

144

Preliminary Report on the Geotechnical Engineering Aspects of the June 15 and June 21, 1999, Mexican Earthquakes of the Churches  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 15, 1999, an earthquake registering seven on the Richter scale shocked Central Mexico -- to be followed less than a week later by a quake of 6.3. The "Preliminary Report on the Geotechnical Engineering Aspects of the June 15 and June 21 1999 Mexican Earthquakes of the Churches" summarizes earthquake reconnaissance efforts conducted by students and faculty from the University of California at Berkeley (UCB) and the National Autonomous University of Mexico. The report (html and .pdf) focusses on seismic geotechnical considerations and the effects that quakes of this magnitude have had on the outlying cities and their structures. This substantive report is beautifully enhanced with charts, photographs, and maps.

Bray, J.D.

145

Earthquakes, Cities, and Lifelines: lessons integrating tectonics, society, and engineering in middle school Earth Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquakes are one of the most widely covered geologic processes by the media. As a result students, even at the middle school level, arrive in the classroom with preconceptions about the importance and hazards posed by earthquakes. Therefore earthquakes represent not only an attractive topic to engage students when introducing tectonics, but also a means to help students understand the relationships between geologic processes, society, and engineering solutions. Facilitating understanding of the fundamental connections between science and society is important for the preparation of future scientists and engineers as well as informed citizens. Here, we present a week-long lesson designed to be implemented in five one hour sessions with classes of ~30 students. It consists of two inquiry-based mapping investigations, motivational presentations, and short readings that describe fundamental models of plate tectonics, faults, and earthquakes. The readings also provide examples of engineering solutions such as the Alaskan oil pipeline which withstood multi-meter surface offset in the 2002 Denali Earthquake. The first inquiry-based investigation is a lesson on tectonic plates. Working in small groups, each group receives a different world map plotting both topography and one of the following data sets: GPS plate motion vectors, the locations and types of volcanoes, the location of types of earthquakes. Using these maps and an accompanying explanation of the data each groups task is to map plate boundary locations. Each group then presents a ~10 minute summary of the type of data they used and their interpretation of the tectonic plates with a poster and their mapping results. Finally, the instructor will facilitate a class discussion about how the data types could be combined to understand more about plate boundaries. Using student interpretations of real data allows student misconceptions to become apparent. Throughout the exercise we record student preconceptions and post them to a bulletin board. During the tectonics unit we use these preconceptions as teaching tools. We also archive the misconceptions via a website which will be available for use by the broader geoscience education community. The second student investigation focuses on understanding the impact earthquakes have on nearby cities. We use the example of the 2009 southern San Andreas Fault (SAF) shakeout scenario. Students again break into groups. Each group is given an aspect of urban infrastructure to study relative to the underlying geology and location of nearby faults. Their goal is to uncover potential urban infrastructure issues related to a major earthquake on the SAF. For example students will map transportation ways crossing the fault, the location of hospitals relative to forecasted shaking hazards, the location of poverty-stricken areas relative to shaking hazards, and utilities relative to fault crossings. Again, students are tasked with explaining their investigation and analyses to the class with ample time for discussion about potential ways to solve problems identified through their investigations.

Toke, N.; Johnson, A.; Nelson, K.

2010-12-01

146

Systems Engineering Research Overview and Opportunities  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Research Overview and Opportunities February 26, 2008 Dr. Donna H. Rhodes Dr@mit.edu #12;seari.mit.edu © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology 2 What is Systems Engineering? SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (Traditional) Systems engineering is the process of selecting and synthesizing the application

de Weck, Olivier L.

147

Mehrdad Negahban, Associate Chair for Graduate Studies and Research Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Mechanics, Materials Engineering, Biomedical Engineering  

E-print Network

, Engineering Mechanics, Materials Engineering, Biomedical Engineering The graduate program in Mechanical and Materials Engineering: · 28 research faculty working in: ­ Biomedical Engineering ­ Computational Methods; with France) · Ph.D. of Engineering in: ­ Biomedical Engineering ­ Engineering Mechanics (ENGM) ­ Materials

Farritor, Shane

148

Feminist Methodologies and Engineering Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces feminist methodologies in the context of engineering education research. It builds upon other recent methodology articles in engineering education journals and presents feminist research methodologies as a concrete engineering education setting in which to explore the connections between epistemology, methodology and theory.

Beddoes, Kacey

2013-01-01

149

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory has been focused at (1) development of mathematical models and analytical tools for predicting component and engine performance, and (2) experimental research into fundamental heat transfer and fluid flow phenomena occurring in Stirling cycle devices. A result of the analytical effort has been the formation of a computer library specifically for Stirling engine

R. E. Holtz; J. G. Daley; P. D. Roach

1986-01-01

150

Chapter D. The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989 - Earth Structures and Engineering Characterization of Ground Motion  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This chapter contains two papers that summarize the performance of engineered earth structures, dams and stabilized excavations in soil, and two papers that characterize for engineering purposes the attenuation of ground motion with distance during the Loma Prieta earthquake. Documenting the field performance of engineered structures and confirming empirically based predictions of ground motion are critical for safe and cost effective seismic design of future structures as well as the retrofitting of existing ones.

Holzer, Thomas L.

1998-01-01

151

Stirling Laboratory Research Engine: Preprototype configuration report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concept of a simple Stirling research engine that could be used by industrial, university, and government laboratories was studied. The conceptual and final designs, hardware fabrication and the experimental validation of a preprototype stirling laboratory research engine (SLRE) were completed. Also completed was a task to identify the potential markets for research engines of this type. An analytical effort was conducted to provide a stirling cycle computer model. The versatile engine is a horizontally opposed, two piston, single acting stirling engine with a split crankshaft drive mechanism; special instrumentation is installed at all component interfaces. Results of a thermodynamic energy balance for the system are reported. Also included are the engine performance results obtained over a range of speeds, working pressures, phase angles and gas temperatures. The potential for a stirling research engine to support the laboratory requirements of educators and researchers was demonstrated.

Hoehn, F. W.

1982-01-01

152

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes is a collaborative project of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), the Consortia of Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering (CUREE) and the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). This digital library organizes earthquake information online as a partner with the NSF-funded National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Digital Library (NSDL) and the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE). When complete, information and resources for over 500 Earth science and engineering topics will be included, with connections to curricular materials useful for teaching Earth Science, engineering, physics and mathematics. Although conceived primarily as an educational resource, the Encyclopedia is also a valuable portal to anyone seeking up-to-date earthquake information and authoritative technical sources. "E3" is a unique collaboration among earthquake scientists and engineers to articulate and document a common knowledge base with a shared terminology and conceptual framework. It is a platform for cross-training scientists and engineers in these complementary fields and will provide a basis for sustained communication and resource-building between major education and outreach activities. For example, the E3 collaborating organizations have leadership roles in the two largest earthquake engineering and earth science projects ever sponsored by NSF: the George E. Brown Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (CUREE) and the EarthScope Project (IRIS and SCEC). The E3 vocabulary and definitions are also being connected to a formal ontology under development by the SCEC/ITR project for knowledge management within the SCEC Collaboratory. The E3 development system is now fully operational, 165 entries are in the pipeline, and the development teams are capable of producing 20 new, fully reviewed encyclopedia entries each month. Over the next two years teams will complete 450 entries, which will populate the E3 collection to a level that fully spans earthquake science and engineering. Scientists, engineers, and educators who have suggestions for content to be included in the Encyclopedia can visit www.earthquake.info now to complete the "Suggest a Web Page" form.

Benthien, M.; Marquis, J.; Jordan, T.

2003-12-01

153

ETHICAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH  

E-print Network

BEN 600 ETHICAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH Fall 2012 MW 12:45 ­ 2:05 Bowne 414 Instructor defense--is constantly being reshaped by the results of scientific research and technological innovation. Unethical behavior by scientists and engineers poses serious risks to those individuals, their research

Mather, Patrick T.

154

New perspectives on Web search engine research  

E-print Network

Purpose The purpose of this chapter is to give an overview of the context of Web search and search engine-?related research, as well as to introduce the reader to the sections and chapters of the book. Methodology/approach We review literature dealing with various aspects of search engines, with special emphasis on emerging areas of Web searching, search engine evaluation going beyond traditional methods, and new perspectives on Web searching. Findings The approaches to studying Web search engines are manifold. Given the importance of Web search engines for knowledge acquisition, research from different perspectives needs to be integrated into a more cohesive perspective. Research limitations/implications The chapter suggests a basis for research in the field and also introduces further research directions. Originality/value of paper The chapter gives a concise overview of the topics dealt within the book and also shows directions for researchers interested in Web search engines.

Dirk Lewandowski

155

Research on residential environment planning and design in the post-earthquake reconstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the analysis and the research on the residential environment concept and methods of the planning and design of the modern residential environment, it discusses residential environment planning and design scheme in the reconstruction after earthquake disasters. The article also points out that it should make the residential environment planning and design from such aspects as the reconstruction sites,

Zhen Li; Fang Liu

2011-01-01

156

Earthquakes in Arkansas and vicinity 1699-2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This map summarizes approximately 300 years of earthquake activity in Arkansas. It is one in a series of similar State earthquake history maps. Work on the Arkansas map was done in collaboration with the Arkansas Geological Survey. The earthquake data plotted on the map are from several sources: the Arkansas Geological Survey, the Center for Earthquake Research and Information, the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. In addition to earthquake locations, other materials presented include seismic hazard and isoseismal maps and related text. Earthquakes are a legitimate concern in Arkansas and parts of adjacent states. Arkansas has undergone a number of significant felt earthquakes since 1811. At least two of these events caused property damage: a magnitude 4.7 earthquake in 1931, and a magnitude 4.3 earthquake in 1967. The map shows all historical and instrumentally located earthquakes in Arkansas and vicinity between 1811 and 2010. The largest historic earthquake in the vicinity of the State was an intensity XI event, on December 16, 1811; the first earthquake in the New Madrid sequence. This violent event and the earthquakes that followed caused considerable damage to the then sparsely settled region.

Dart, Richard L.; Ausbrooks, Scott M.

2011-01-01

157

Mehrdad Negahban, Associate Chair for Graduate Studies and Research Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Mechanics, Materials Engineering, Biomedical Engineering  

E-print Network

, Engineering Mechanics, Materials Engineering, Biomedical Engineering The graduate program in Mechanical and Materials Engineering: · 32 research faculty working in: ­ Biomedical Engineering ­ Computational Methods; with France) · Ph.D. of Engineering in: ­ Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics (MEAM) ­ Biomedical

Farritor, Shane

158

Earthquake precursory research in western Himalaya based on the multi-parametric geophysical observatory data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The opening of cracks and influx of fluids in the dilatancy zone of impending earthquake is expected to induce short-term changes in physical/chemical/hydrological properties during earthquake build-up cycle, which should be reflected in time-varying geophysical fields. With this rationale, eleven geophysical parameters are being recorded in continuous mode at the Multi-Parametric Geophysical Observatory (MPGO), in Ghuttu, Garhwal Himalaya, for earthquake precursory research. The critical analysis of various geophysical time series indicates anomalous behavior at few occasions; however, the data is also influenced by many external forces. These external influences are the major deterrent for the isolation of precursory signals. The recent work is focused on the data adoptive techniques to estimate and eliminate effects of solar-terrestrial and hydrological/environmental factors for delimiting the data to identify short-term precursors. Although any significant earthquake is not reported close to the observatory, some weak precursory signals and coseismic changes have been identified in few parameters related to the occurrence of moderate and strong earthquakes.

Kumar, Naresh; Rawat, Gautam; Choubey, Vinay M.; Hazarika, Devajit

2013-08-01

159

Overview of Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research at ORNL  

E-print Network

Overview of Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research at ORNL Johney Green, Jr., Ph.D. Fuels, Engines, Engines, and Emissions Research Center · Facility jointly occupied with UT Transportation Center, Other - Full-pass engine controls support research - Emissions analy

160

Research Trends with Cross Tabulation Search Engine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help researchers in building a knowledge foundation of their research fields which could be a time-consuming process, the authors have developed a Cross Tabulation Search Engine (CTSE). Its purpose is to assist researchers in 1) conducting research surveys, 2) efficiently and effectively retrieving information (such as important researchers,

Yin, Chengjiu; Hirokawa, Sachio; Yau, Jane Yin-Kim; Hashimoto, Kiyota; Tabata, Yoshiyuki; Nakatoh, Tetsuya

2013-01-01

161

EngineeringResearch2011 MICHIGAN TECH  

E-print Network

: engineering@mtu.edu www.engineering.mtu.edu Timothy J. Schulz Dave House Professor and Dean Carl L. Anderson S. Komar Kawatra Tony N. Rogers (interim) Chemical Engineering Daniel R. Fuhrmann Electrical. Schulz Dave House Professor and Dean Carl L. Anderson Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies

162

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funds research and training in the UK in engineering and the physical sciences. Viewing public engagement as important for stimulating interest in research, inspiring future generations of researchers and, "helping the research base evolve in tune with the changing needs of a more informed society," the EPSRC also promotes public awareness of science and engineering, providing a good deal of resources and links online. Research reports and briefs from some of the collaborating institutions' work on a wide range of research projects in engineering, the physical sciences and mathematics are all available in the Publications section. Other sections describe activities for young people and teachers, and research opportunities for graduate students.

163

Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 26 (2006) 694707 Plain strain soilstructure interaction model for a building supported by  

E-print Network

Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 26 (2006) 694­707 Plain strain soil­structure interaction, CA 90089-2531, USA Accepted 3 January 2006 Abstract A simple theoretical model for soil­structure interaction in water saturated poroelastic soils is presented, developed to explore if the apparent building­foundation­soil

Southern California, University of

164

44444444 00000000 EE-21C, Topic 2: Strong Ground Motion, Engineering Seismology, Earthquake Hazard and Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

TTT222 44444444 00000000 EE-21C, Topic 2: Strong Ground Motion, Engineering Seismology, Earthquake IN GROUND MOTION ESTIMATION John Douglas1 , Hideo Aochi2 , Peter Suhadolc3 , Giovanni Costa4 1 ARN/RIS, BRGM of empirical ground motion estimation equations through the incorporation of crustal structure is assessed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

165

Simulated Performance of Steel Moment-Resisting Frame Buildings in the ,**-Tokachi-oki Earthquake  

E-print Network

Simulated Performance of Steel Moment-Resisting Frame Buildings in the ,**- Tokachi-oki Earthquake Thomas Heaton, Jing Yang and John Hall Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory, California Institute +33. UBC) for ground motions recorded in the ,**- Tokachi-oki earthquake. We consider buildings

Greer, Julia R.

166

An overview of fractal antenna engineering research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent efforts by several researchers around the world to combine fractal geometry with electromagnetic theory have led to a plethora of new and innovative antenna designs. In this report, we provide a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the rapidly growing field of fractal antenna engineering. Fractal antenna engineering research has been primarily focused in two areas: the first deals

Douglas H. Werner; S. Ganguly

2003-01-01

167

Future Research in Adipose Stem Cell Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Adipose stem cells have a bright prospect in regenerative medicine for tissue\\/organ engineering. However, some hurdles may\\u000a hinder the progress of adipose stem cell engineering. Therefore this chapter highlights the advances in adipose stem cell\\u000a researches, and focuses on prospective researches that are needed to overcome the hurdles in adipose stem cell engineering,\\u000a i.e., to identify the various stem cells

Jeanne Adiwinata Pawitan

168

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2002; 31:10371039 (DOI: 10.1002/eqe.129)  

E-print Network

of structures by P. Banerji et al., Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2000; 29(5):587­602 Swaroop K. Yalla 1;1038 S. K. YALLA AND A. KAREEM Figure 1. Time history of the resonant pressures at the mean liquid height and La Rocca [3] and Yalla [4] indicate that when large travelling waves or hydraulic jumps are formed

Kareem, Ahsan

169

First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th  

E-print Network

Engineering Research, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA. Tel.: 716-645-3391 2 Professor, Department of Civil, Structural, and Environmental Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA designed to provide a standardized service, such as a power grid, or a water distribution network

Bruneau, Michel

170

Earthquakes in Mississippi and vicinity 1811-2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This map summarizes two centuries of earthquake activity in Mississippi. Work on the Mississippi map was done in collaboration with the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, Office of Geology. The earthquake data plotted on the map are from several sources: the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, the Center for Earthquake Research and Information, the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and the Arkansas Geological Survey. In addition to earthquake locations, other materials include seismic hazard and isoseismal maps and related text. Earthquakes are a legitimate concern in Mississippi and parts of adjacent States. Mississippi has undergone a number of felt earthquakes since 1811. At least two of these events caused property damage: a magnitude 4.7 earthquake in 1931, and a magnitude 4.3 earthquake in 1967. The map shows all historical and instrumentally located earthquakes in Mississippi and vicinity between 1811 and 2010. The largest historic earthquake in the vicinity of the State was an intensity XI event, on December 16, 1811; the first earthquake in the New Madrid sequence. This violent event and the earthquakes that followed caused considerable damage to the then sparsely settled region.

Dart, Richard L.; Bograd, Michael B.E.

2011-01-01

171

2001 Bhuj, India, earthquake engineering seismoscope recordings and Eastern North America ground-motion attenuation relations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Engineering seismoscope data collected at distances less than 300 km for the M 7.7 Bhuj, India, mainshock are compatible with ground-motion attenuation in eastern North America (ENA). The mainshock ground-motion data have been corrected to a common geological site condition using the factors of Joyner and Boore (2000) and a classification scheme of Quaternary or Tertiary sediments or rock. We then compare these data to ENA ground-motion attenuation relations. Despite uncertainties in recording method, geological site corrections, common tectonic setting, and the amount of regional seismic attenuation, the corrected Bhuj dataset agrees with the collective predictions by ENA ground-motion attenuation relations within a factor of 2. This level of agreement is within the dataset uncertainties and the normal variance for recorded earthquake ground motions.

Cramer, C.H.; Kumar, A.

2003-01-01

172

Finite element response sensitivity, probabilistic response and reliability analyses of structural systems with applications to earthquake engineering  

E-print Network

and reliability analysis provides an ideal researchMy research on sensitivity and reliability analyses hasReliability and Sensitivity Meth- ods for Performance-Based Engineering Report PEER 2003/14, Pacific Earth- quake Engineering Research

Barbato, Michele

2007-01-01

173

Spreadsheet Engineering: A Research Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Spreadsheetengi neering adapts the lessons ofsof tware engineering tospreadsheet s, providing eight principles as a framework for organizing spreadsheetprogrammi,ng recommendations. Spreadsheets raise issues inadequately addressed by software engineering. Spreadsheets are a powerfulmodel ing language, allowing strategic rapid modelchange, and enabling exploratory modeling. Spreadsheets users learn slowlyw ithexperi ence because they focus on the problem domain notprogrammi,ng. The heterogeneityof spreadsheet

Thomas A. Grossman

2007-01-01

174

Stirling laboratory research engine survey report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As one step in expanding the knowledge relative to and accelerating the development of Stirling engines, NASA, through the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), is sponsoring a program which will lead to a versatile Stirling Laboratory Research Engine (SLRE). An objective of this program is to lay the groundwork for a commercial version of this engine. It is important to consider, at an early stage in the engine's development, the needs of the potential users so that the SLRE can support the requirements of educators and researchers in academic, industrial, and government laboratories. For this reason, a survey was performed, the results of which are described.

Anderson, J. W.; Hoehn, F. W.

1979-01-01

175

77 FR 3240 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. DATES: Date of Meeting...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2012-01-23

176

75 FR 62113 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting: October...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2010-10-07

177

77 FR 52701 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting: September...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2012-08-30

178

World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China  

E-print Network

effects were clearly revealed by the 1985 Valparaiso earthquake. The significant seismic intensities the Valparaiso earthquake. We look for testing the Horizontal-to-Vertical spectral ratio (H/V) and the more, the strong damages observed on small-size houses in Santiago during the 1985 Valparaiso earthquake suggest

Vigny, Christophe

179

Graduate engineering research participation in aeronautics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aeronautics Graduate Research Program commenced in 1971, with the primary goal of engaging students who qualified for regular admission to the Graduate School of Engineering at Old Dominion University in a graduate engineering research and study program in collaboration with NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. The format and purposes of this program are discussed. Student selection and program statistics are summarized. Abstracts are presented in the folowing areas: aircraft design, aerodynamics, lift/drag characteristics; avionics; fluid mechanics; solid mechanics; instrumentation and measurement techniques; thermophysical properties experiments; large space structures; earth orbital dynamics; and environmental engineering.

Roberts, A. S., Jr.

1986-01-01

180

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory has been focused at (1) development of mathematical models and analytical tools for predicting component and engine performance, and (2) experimental research into fundamental heat transfer and fluid flow phenomena occurring in Stirling cycle devices. A result of the analytical effort has been the formation of a computer library specifically for Stirling engine researchers and developers. The library contains properties of structural materials commonly used, thermophysical properties of several working fluids, correlations for heat transfer calculations and general specifications of mechanical arrangements (including various drive mechanisms) that can be utilized to model a particular engine. The library also contains alternative modules to perform analysis at different levels of sophistication, including design optimization. A reversing flow heat transfer facility is operating at Argonne to provide data at prototypic Stirling engine operating conditions under controlled laboratory conditions. This information is needed to validate analytical models.

Holtz, R.E.; Daley, J.G.; Roach, P.D.

1986-06-01

181

Checklists for Software Engineering Case Study Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case study is an important research methodology for software engineering. We have identified the need for checklists supporting researchers and reviewers in conducting and reviewing case studies. We derived checklists for researchers and reviewers respectively, using systematic qualitative procedures. Based on nine sources on case studies, checklists are derived and validated, and hereby presented for further use and improvement.

Martin Hst; Per Runeson

2007-01-01

182

78 FR 16357 - Research, Engineering and Development Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Aviation Administration Research, Engineering and Development Advisory Committee AGENCY...given of a meeting of the FAA Research, Engineering and Development (R,E&D) Advisory...Name: Research, Engineering & Development Advisory Committee....

2013-03-14

183

75 FR 14243 - Research, Engineering And Development Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Aviation Administration Research, Engineering And Development Advisory...of a meeting of the FAA Research, Engineering and Development (R,E...Notice of Meeting. Name: Research, Engineering & Development Advisory...

2010-03-24

184

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

185

FY06 Engineering Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2006. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow''. Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out primarily through two internal programs: the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program and the technology base, or ''Tech Base'', program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating technologies and competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class research to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to prepare those technologies to be more broadly applicable to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice''. Thus, LDRD reports have a strong research emphasis, while Tech Base reports document discipline-oriented, core competency activities. This report combines the LDRD and Tech Base summaries into one volume, organized into six thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Precision Engineering; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation.

Minichino, C; Alves, S W; Anderson, A T; Bennett, C V; Brown, C G; Brown, W D; Chinn, D; Clague, D; Clark, G; Cook, E G; Davidson, J C; Deri, R J; Dougherty, G; Fasenfest, B J; Florando, J N; Fulkerson, E S; Haugen, P; Heebner, J E; Hickling, T; Huber, R; Hunter, S L; Javedani, J; Kallman, J S; Kegelmeyer, L M; Koning, J; Kosovic, B; Kroll, J J; LeBlanc, M; Lin, J; Mariella, R P; Miles, R; Nederbragt, W W; Ness, K D; Nikolic, R J; Paglieroni, D; Pannu, S; Pierce, E; Pocha, M D; Poland, D N; Puso, M A; Quarry, M J; Rhee, M; Romero, C E; Rose, K A; Sain, J D; Sharpe, R M; Spadaccini, C M; Stolken, J S; Van Buuren, A; Wemhoff, A; White, D; Yao, Y

2007-01-22

186

SUCCESS OF EPA'S STRATOSPHERIC OZONE ENGINEERING RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper summarizes recent successes in, as well as work in progress (with the cooperation of industry) on, EPA's stratospheric ozone engineering research. he Montreal Protocol and U.S. regulations implementing the Protocol necessitate that engineering solutions be found and imp...

187

AAPPSS SSCCIIEENNCCEE RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING HIGHLIGHTS  

E-print Network

AAPPSS SSCCIIEENNCCEE 22000088 RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE ADVANCED PHOTON SOURCE.anl.gov/Visiting/anlil.html. ACCESS TO BEAM TIME AT THE APS Beam time at the APS can be obtained either as a general user (a

Kemner, Ken

188

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions  

E-print Network

OF CONTENTS Basic Energy Sciences Nanoscience/Nanotechnology Group Basic Energy Sciences Nanoscience/Nanotechnology Group Chair: Douglas H. Lowndes (ORNL) A. Paul#12;#12;Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions ABSTRACT This report

Wu, Zhigang

189

New research project for the next Nankai trough mega thrust earthquakes Integration of Observation, Simulation and Disaster Mitigation researches-  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nankai trough located off Southwestern Japan is well known as mega thrust earthquake seismogenic zone, In the Nankai trough, there are three mega thrust earthquake rupture zones such as Tokai, Tonankai and Nankai earthquake rupture zones, around there mega thrust earthquakes are occurring with an interval of 100-200 years. In past three mega thrust earthquakes around the Nankai trough,

Y. Kaneda; K. Hirahara; T. Furumuea

2009-01-01

190

FY07 Engineering Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2007. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: 'Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow'. Engineering's mission is carried out through research and technology. Research is the vehicle for creating competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class groundwork to be fully understood. The technology efforts are discipline-oriented, preparing research breakthroughs for broader application to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for technology-based projects is 'reduction to practice'. This report combines the work in research and technology into one volume, organized into thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation.

Minichino, C

2008-02-06

191

NASA's Hypersonic Research Engine Project: A review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goals of the NASA Hypersonic Research Engine (HRE) Project, which began in 1964, were to design, develop, and construct a high-performance hypersonic research ramjet/scramjet engine for flight tests of the developed concept over the speed range of Mach 4 to 8. The project was planned to be accomplished in three phases: project definition, research engine development, and flight test using the X-15A-2 research airplane, which was modified to carry hydrogen fuel for the research engine. The project goal of an engine flight test was eliminated when the X-15 program was canceled in 1968. Ground tests of full-scale engine models then became the focus of the project. Two axisymmetric full-scale engine models, having 18-inch-diameter cowls, were fabricated and tested: a structural model and combustion/propulsion model. A brief historical review of the project, with salient features, typical data results, and lessons learned, is presented. An extensive number of documents were generated during the HRE Project and are listed.

Andrews, Earl H.; Mackley, Ernest A.

1994-01-01

192

Seismic Safety Margins Research Program, Phase I. Project II: seismic input. Compilation, assessment and expansion of the strong earthquake ground motion data base  

SciTech Connect

A catalog has been prepared which contains information for: (1) world-wide, ground-motion accelerograms, (2) the accelerograph sites where these records were obtained, and (3) the seismological parameters of the causative earthquakes. The catalog is limited to data for those accelerograms which have been digitized and published. In addition, the quality and completeness of these data are assessed. This catalog is unique because it is the only publication which contains comprehensive information on the recording conditions of all known digitized accelerograms. However, information for many accelerograms is missing. Although some literature may have been overlooked, most of the missing data has not been published. Nevertheless, the catalog provides a convenient reference and useful tool for earthquake engineering research and applications.

Crouse, C B; Hileman, J A; Turner, B E; Martin, G R

1980-04-01

193

Earthquakes in Your State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of Planet Diary and is an online investigation of where earthquakes occur. Students research past earthquakes to see if any have occurred in their region. This activity has an accompanying page of websites for further research.

194

Network of seismo-geochemical monitoring observatories for earthquake prediction research in India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present paper deals with a brief review of the research carried out to develop multi-parametric gas-geochemical monitoring facilities dedicated to earthquake prediction research in India by installing a network of seismo-geochemical monitoring observatories at different regions of the country. In an attempt to detect earthquake precursors, the concentrations of helium, argon, nitrogen, methane, radon-222 (222Rn), polonium-218 (218Po), and polonium-214 (214Po) emanating from hydrothermal systems are monitored continuously and round the clock at these observatories. In this paper, we make a cross correlation study of a number of geochemical anomalies recorded at these observatories. With the data received from each of the above observatories we attempt to make a time series analysis to relate magnitude and epicentral distance locations through statistical methods, empirical formulations that relate the area of influence to earthquake scale. Application of the linear and nonlinear statistical techniques in the recorded geochemical data sets reveal a clear signature of long-range correlation in the data sets.

Chaudhuri, Hirok; Barman, Chiranjib; Iyengar, A. N. Sekar; Ghose, Debasis; Sen, Prasanta; Sinha, Bikash

2013-08-01

195

Summaries of FY 1991 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the BES Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1991; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The organizational chart for the DOE Office of Energy Research (OER) delineates the six Divisions within the OER Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report we asked the principal investigators to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1991. Major topics covered include fluid mechanics, fracture mechanics, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering.

Not Available

1991-11-01

196

Application of space technology to crustal dynamics and earthquake research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In cooperation with other Federal government agencies, and the governments of other countries, NASA is undertaking a program of research in geodynamics. The present program activities and plans for extension of these activities in the time period 1979-1985 are described. The program includes operation of observatories for laser ranging to the Moon and to artificial satellites, and radio observatories for very long baseline microwave interferometry (VLBI). These observatories are used to measure polar motion, earth rotation, and tectonic plate movement, and serve as base stations for mobile facilities. The mobile laser ranging and VLBI facilities are used to measure crustal deformation in tectonically active areas.

1979-01-01

197

ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 500, Vol. 46, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 117 SMOOTH SPECTRA OF HORIZONTALAND VERTICAL GROUND  

E-print Network

ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 500, Vol. 46, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 1­17 SMOOTH*** *Seismology Research Center, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran **Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan ***Iran Strong Motion Network, Building

Gupta, Vinay Kumar

198

Ground Shaking and Earthquake Engineering Aspects of the M 8.8 Chile Earthquake of 2010 - Applications to Cascadia and Other Subduction Zones (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The M 8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake of February 27, 2010 was the fifth largest earthquake ever recorded by seismographs and provides a rare opportunity to compare strong shaking observations with earthquake rupture and damage patterns. This subduction earthquake was caused by up to 13 m of eastward slip of the Nazca plate beneath the South American plate. The rupture zone

J. F. Cassidy; R. Boroschek; C. Ventura; S. Huffman

2010-01-01

199

BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING RESEARCH REVIEW 17  

E-print Network

Foreword ii Table of Contents iii FOOD and PROCESS ENGINEERING Imaging/Computer Vision Udayakumar N, ElMasry G, Sun DW. Non-destructive Evaluation of Apple Quality by Hyperspectral Imaging (MEngSc2). Taught. Prediction of fat and moisture content in pork using nir hyperspectral imaging technique (PhD). Food

200

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions  

SciTech Connect

This report describes important future research directions in nanoscale science, engineering and technology. It was prepared in connection with an anticipated national research initiative on nanotechnology for the twenty-first century. The research directions described are not expected to be inclusive but illustrate the wide range of research opportunities and challenges that could be undertaken through the national laboratories and their major national scientific user facilities with the support of universities and industry.

Lowndes, D. H.; Alivisatos, A. P.; Alper, M.; Averback, R. S.; Jacob Barhen, J.; Eastman, J. A.; Imre, D.; Lowndes, D. H.; McNulty, I.; Michalske, T. A.; Ho, K-M; Nozik, A. J.; Russell, T. P.; Valentin, R. A.; Welch, D. O.; Barhen, J.; Agnew, S. R.; Bellon, P.; Blair, J.; Boatner, L. A.; Braiman, Y.; Budai, J. D.; Crabtree, G. W.; Feldman, L. C.; Flynn, C. P.; Geohegan, D. B.; George, E. P.; Greenbaum, E.; Grigoropoulos, C.; Haynes, T. E.; Heberlein, J.; Hichman, J.; Holland, O. W.; Honda, S.; Horton, J. A.; Hu, M. Z.-C.; Jesson, D. E.; Joy, D. C.; Krauss, A.; Kwok, W.-K.; Larson, B. C.; Larson, D. J.; Likharev, K.; Liu, C. T.; Majumdar, A.; Maziasz, P. J.; Meldrum, A.; Miller, J. C.; Modine, F. A.; Pennycook, S. J.; Pharr, G. M.; Phillpot, S.; Price, D. L.; Protopopescu, V.; Poker, D. B.; Pui, D.; Ramsey, J. M.; Rao, N.; Reichl, L.; Roberto, J.; Saboungi, M-L; Simpson, M.; Strieffer, S.; Thundat, T.; Wambsganss, M.; Wendleken, J.; White, C. W.; Wilemski, G.; Withrow, S. P.; Wolf, D.; Zhu, J. H.; Zuhr, R. A.; Zunger, A.; Lowe, S.

1999-01-01

201

7th U.S. / Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research: Abstract Volume and Technical Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. / Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research promotes advanced study toward a more fundamental understanding of the earthquake process and hazard estimation. The Panel promotes basic and applied research to improve our understanding of the causes and effects of earthquakes and to facilitate the transmission of research results to those who implement hazard reduction measures on both sides of the Pacific and around the world. Meetings are held every other year, and alternate between countries with short presentation on current research and local field trips being the highlights. The 5th Joint Panel meeting was held at Asilomar, California in October, 2004. The technical sessions featured reports on the September 28, 2004 Parkfield, California earthquake, progress on earthquake early warning and rapid post-event assessment technology, probabilistic earthquake forecasting and the newly discovered phenomenon of nonvolcanic tremor. The Panel visited the epicentral region of the M 6.0 Parkfield earthquake and viewed the surface ruptures along the San Andreas Fault. They also visited the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD), which had just completed the first phase of drilling into the fault. The 6th Joint Panel meeting was held in Tokushima, Japan in November, 2006. The meeting included very productive exchanges of information on approaches to systematic observation of earthquake processes. Sixty eight technical papers were presented during the meeting on a wide range of subjects, including interplate earthquakes in subduction zones, slow slip and nonvolcanic tremor, crustal deformation, recent earthquake activity and hazard mapping. Through our discussion, we reaffirmed the benefits of working together to achieve our common goal of reducing earthquake hazard, continued cooperation on issues involving densification of observation networks and the open exchange of data among scientific communities. We also reaffirmed the importance of making information public in a timely manner. The Panel visited sites along the east coast of Shikoku that were inundated by the tsunami caused by the 1946 Nankai earthquake where they heard from survivors of the disaster and saw new tsunami shelters and barriers. They also visited the Median Tectonic Line, a major onshore strike-slip fault on Shikoku. The 7th Joint Panel meeting was held in Seattle, Wash., U.S.A. from October 27-30, 2008.

Detweiler, Shane T.; Ellsworth, William L.

2008-01-01

202

Mechanical Engineering Department engineering research: Annual report, FY 1986  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information on the five areas of research interest in LLNL's Mechanical Engineering Department. In Computer Code Development, a solid geometric modeling program is described. In Dynamic Systems and Control, structure control and structure dynamics are discussed. Fabrication technology involves machine cutting, interferometry, and automated optical component manufacturing. Materials engineering reports on composite material research and measurement of molten metal surface properties. In Nondestructive Evaluation, NMR, CAT, and ultrasound machines are applied to manufacturing processes. A model for underground collapse is developed. Finally, an alternative heat exchanger is investigated for use in a fusion power plant. Separate abstracts were prepared for each of the 13 reports in this publication. (JDH)

Denney, R.M.; Essary, K.L.; Genin, M.S.; Highstone, H.H.; Hymer, J.D.; Taft, S.O. (eds.)

1986-12-01

203

Electromagnetic earthquake triggering phenomena: State-of-the-art research and future developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developed in the 70s of the last century in Russia unique pulsed power systems based on solid propellant magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) generators with an output of 10-500 MW and operation duration of 10 to 15 s were applied for an active electromagnetic monitoring of the Earth's crust to explore its deep structure, oil and gas electrical prospecting, and geophysical studies for earthquake prediction due to their high specific power parameters, portability, and a capability of operation under harsh climatic conditions. The most interesting and promising results were obtained during geophysical experiments at the test sites located at Pamir and Northern Tien Shan mountains, when after 1.5-2.5 kA electric current injection into the Earth crust through an 4 km-length emitting dipole the regional seismicity variations were observed (increase of number of weak earthquakes within a week). Laboratory experiments performed by different teams of the Institute of Physics of the Earth, Joint Institute for High Temperatures, and Research Station of Russian Academy of Sciences on observation of acoustic emission behavior of stressed rock samples during their processing by electric pulses demonstrated similar patterns - a burst of acoustic emission (formation of cracks) after application of current pulse to the sample. Based on the field and laboratory studies it was supposed that a new kind of earthquake triggering - electromagnetic initiation of weak seismic events has been observed, which may be used for the man-made electromagnetic safe release of accumulated tectonic stresses and, consequently, for earthquake hazard mitigation. For verification of this hypothesis some additional field experiments were carried out at the Bishkek geodynamic proving ground with application of pulsed ERGU-600 facility, which provides 600 A electric current in the emitting dipole. An analysis of spatio-temporal redistribution of weak regional seismicity after ERGU-600 pulses, as well as a response of geoacoustic emission recorded in the wells at a distance of 7-12 km from the emitting dipole to the ERGU-600 pulses confirmed the effects of an influence of electromagnetic field on the deformation processes in the Earth crust and the real existence of electromagnetic triggering phenomena. For verification of results of field observations laboratory studies of behavior of rock samples under critical stress-strain state and external electric actions were carried out at the spring and lever presses, as well as at the stick-slip models simulated the seismic cycle (stress accumulation and discharge) in the seismogenic geological fault. Various possible mechanisms of weak electrical stimulation (electric current density 10-7-10-8 mA/cm2 at a depth of earthquake epicenters of 5 to10 km) of deformation processes in the Earth crust, including increased fluid pore pressure, electrokinetic phenomena, magnetostriction, electrical stimulation of fluid migration into the fault area are considered. However, the mechanism of electromagnetic earthquake triggering phenomena is still open. Based on the field observations of electromagnetic triggering of weak seismicity resulting in a partial safe release of stresses in the Earth crust a possibility of control of seismic process is considered for risk reduction of catastrophic earthquakes. The results obtained from field and laboratory experiments on electromagnetic initiation of seismic events allow to consider a problem of lithosphere-ionosphere relations from another point of view. Keeping in mind that the current density generated in the Earth crust by artificial electric source is comparable with the density of telluric currents induced during severe ionospheric disturbances (e.g., magnetic storms) it may be possible under certain favorable conditions in lithosphere to initiate earthquakes by electromagnetic disturbances in ionosphere. A possibility of application of these triggering phenomena for short-term earthquake prediction is discussed.

Zeigarnik, Vladimir; Novikov, Victor

2014-05-01

204

The effects of earthquake measurement concepts and magnitude anchoring on individuals' perceptions of earthquake risk  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of this research is to explore earthquake risk perceptions in California. Specifically, we examine the risk beliefs, feelings, and experiences of lay, professional, and expert individuals to explore how risk is perceived and how risk perceptions are formed relative to earthquakes. Our results indicate that individuals tend to perceptually underestimate the degree that earthquake (EQ) events may affect them. This occurs in large part because individuals' personal felt experience of EQ events are generally overestimated relative to experienced magnitudes. An important finding is that individuals engage in a process of "cognitive anchoring" of their felt EQ experience towards the reported earthquake magnitude size. The anchoring effect is moderated by the degree that individuals comprehend EQ magnitude measurement and EQ attenuation. Overall, the results of this research provide us with a deeper understanding of EQ risk perceptions, especially as they relate to individuals' understanding of EQ measurement and attenuation concepts. ?? 2005, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Celsi, R.; Wolfinbarger, M.; Wald, D.

2005-01-01

205

NASA Propulsion Engineering Research Center, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over the past year, the Propulsion Engineering Research Center at The Pennsylvania State University continued its progress toward meeting the goals of NASA's University Space Engineering Research Centers (USERC) program. The USERC program was initiated in 1988 by the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology to provide an invigorating force to drive technology advancements in the U.S. space industry. The Propulsion Center's role in this effort is to provide a fundamental basis from which the technology advances in propulsion can be derived. To fulfill this role, an integrated program was developed that focuses research efforts on key technical areas, provides students with a broad education in traditional propulsion-related science and engineering disciplines, and provides minority and other under-represented students with opportunities to take their first step toward professional careers in propulsion engineering. The program is made efficient by incorporating government propulsion laboratories and the U.S. propulsion industry into the program through extensive interactions and research involvement. The Center is comprised of faculty, professional staff, and graduate and undergraduate students working on a broad spectrum of research issues related to propulsion. The Center's research focus encompasses both current and advanced propulsion concepts for space transportation, with a research emphasis on liquid propellant rocket engines. The liquid rocket engine research includes programs in combustion and turbomachinery. Other space transportation modes that are being addressed include anti-matter, electric, nuclear, and solid propellant propulsion. Outside funding supports a significant fraction of Center research, with the major portion of the basic USERC grant being used for graduate student support and recruitment. The remainder of the USERC funds are used to support programs to increase minority student enrollment in engineering, to maintain Center infrastructure, and to develop research capability in key new areas. Significant research programs in propulsion systems for air and land transportation complement the space propulsion focus. The primary mission of the Center is student education. The student program emphasizes formal class work and research in classical engineering and science disciplines with applications to propulsion.

1993-01-01

206

Wind Science and Engineering Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wind Science and Engineering Research Center at Texas Tech University conducts "multidisciplinary research to mitigate the deleterious effects of windstorms on the built environment, people, and the quality of life, and to utilize the beneficial effects of wind." The website highlights the Fujita Scale Enhancement Project, which examines the scale used to classify tornadoes by intensity. Links to websites on other wind projects are also provided. The Wind Engineering Library allows visitors to search more than 4500 articles on the center's research as well as education-related publications. Teachers and the general public will find an extensive list of other Internet resources on wind energy.

207

MIT Space Engineering Research Center testbed programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Engineering Research Center (SERC) at M.I.T., started in July 1988, has completed two and one-half years of research. This Semi-Annual Report presents annotated viewgraph material presented at the January 1991 Steering Committee and Technical Representative Review. The objective of the Space Engineering Research Center is to develop and disseminate a unified technology of controlled structures. There has been continued evolution of the concept of intelligent structures (including in this past year the first successful embedding of a microelectronic component into a structural element).

Crawley, Edward F.; Miller, David W.

1991-01-01

208

Cryogenics Research and Engineering Experience  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Energy efficient storage, transfer and use of cryogens and cryogenic propellants on Earth and in space have a direct impact on NASA, government and commercial programs. Research and development on thermal insulation, propellant servicing, cryogenic components, material properties and sensing technologies provides industry, government and research institutions with the cross-cutting technologies to manage low-temperature applications. Under the direction of the Cryogenic Testing Lab at Kennedy Space Center, the work experience acquired allowed me to perform research, testing, design and analysis of current and future cryogenic technologies to be applied in several projects.

Toro Medina, Jaime A.

2013-01-01

209

Aircraft Turbine Engine Control Research at NASA Glenn Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This lecture will provide an overview of the aircraft turbine engine control research at NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Glenn Research Center (GRC). A brief introduction to the engine control problem is first provided with a description of the current state-of-the-art control law structure. A historical aspect of engine control development since the 1940s is then provided with a special emphasis on the contributions of GRC. The traditional engine control problem has been to provide a means to safely transition the engine from one steady-state operating point to another based on the pilot throttle inputs. With the increased emphasis on aircraft safety, enhanced performance and affordability, and the need to reduce the environmental impact of aircraft, there are many new challenges being faced by the designers of aircraft propulsion systems. The Controls and Dynamics Branch (CDB) at GRC is leading and participating in various projects in partnership with other organizations within GRC and across NASA, other government agencies, the U.S. aerospace industry, and academia to develop advanced propulsion controls and diagnostics technologies that will help meet the challenging goals of NASA programs under the Aeronautics Research Mission. The second part of the lecture provides an overview of the various CDB technology development activities in aircraft engine control and diagnostics, both current and some accomplished in the recent past. The motivation for each of the research efforts, the research approach, technical challenges and the key progress to date are summarized. The technologies to be discussed include system level engine control concepts, gas path diagnostics, active component control, and distributed engine control architecture. The lecture will end with a futuristic perspective of how the various current technology developments will lead to an Intelligent and Autonomous Propulsion System requiring none to very minimum pilot interface, interfacing directly with the flight management system to determine its mode of operation, and providing personalized engine control to optimize its performance given the current condition and mission objectives.

Garg, Sanjay

2014-01-01

210

Delft University of Technology Software Engineering Research Group  

E-print Network

Delft University of Technology Software Engineering Research Group Technical Report Series A Genetic Programming Approach to Automated Test Generation for Object Oriented Software Hans-Gerhard Gross: Software Engineering Research Group Department of Software Technology Faculty of Electrical Engineering

Fernandez, Thomas

211

Earthquakes Living Lab: Geology and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students examine the effects of geology on earthquake magnitudes and how engineers anticipate and prepare for these effects. Using information provided through the Earthquakes Living Lab interface, students investigate how geology, specifically soil type, can amplify the magnitude of earthquakes and their consequences. Students look in-depth at the historical 1906 San Francisco earthquake and its destruction thorough photographs and data. They compare the 1906 California earthquake to another historical earthquake in Kobe, Japan, looking at the geological differences and impacts in the two regions, and learning how engineers, geologists and seismologists work to predict earthquakes and minimize calamity. A worksheet serves as a student guide for the activity.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

212

Charles Darwin's earthquake reports  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As it is the 200th anniversary of Darwin's birth, 2009 has also been marked as 170 years since the publication of his book Journal of Researches. During the voyage Darwin landed at Valdivia and Concepcion, Chile, just before, during, and after a great earthquake, which demolished hundreds of buildings, killing and injuring many people. Land was waved, lifted, and cracked, volcanoes awoke and giant ocean waves attacked the coast. Darwin was the first geologist to observe and describe the effects of the great earthquake during and immediately after. These effects sometimes repeated during severe earthquakes; but great earthquakes, like Chile 1835, and giant earthquakes, like Chile 1960, are rare and remain completely unpredictable. This is one of the few areas of science, where experts remain largely in the dark. Darwin suggested that the effects were a result of the rending of strata, at a point not very deep below the surface of the earth' and when the crust yields to the tension, caused by its gradual elevation, there is a jar at the moment of rupture, and a greater movement...'. Darwin formulated big ideas about the earth evolution and its dynamics. These ideas set the tone for the tectonic plate theory to come. However, the plate tectonics does not completely explain why earthquakes occur within plates. Darwin emphasised that there are different kinds of earthquakes ...I confine the foregoing observations to the earthquakes on the coast of South America, or to similar ones, which seem generally to have been accompanied by elevation of the land. But, as we know that subsidence has gone on in other quarters of the world, fissures must there have been formed, and therefore earthquakes...' (we cite the Darwin's sentences following researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474). These thoughts agree with results of the last publications (see Nature 461, 870-872; 636-639 and 462, 42-43; 87-89). About 200 years ago Darwin gave oneself airs by the problems which began to discuss only during the last time. Earthquakes often precede volcanic eruptions. According to Darwin, the earthquake-induced shock may be a common mechanism of the simultaneous eruptions of the volcanoes separated by long distances. In particular, Darwin wrote that the elevation of many hundred square miles of territory near Concepcion is part of the same phenomenon, with that splashing up, if I may so call it, of volcanic matter through the orifices in the Cordillera at the moment of the shock;'. According to Darwin the crust is a system where fractured zones, and zones of seismic and volcanic activities interact. Darwin formulated the task of considering together the processes studied now as seismology and volcanology. However the difficulties are such that the study of interactions between earthquakes and volcanoes began only recently and his works on this had relatively little impact on the development of geosciences. In this report, we discuss how the latest data on seismic and volcanic events support the Darwin's observations and ideas about the 1835 Chilean earthquake. The material from researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474 is used. We show how modern mechanical tests from impact engineering and simple experiments with weakly-cohesive materials also support his observations and ideas. On the other hand, we developed the mathematical theory of the earthquake-induced catastrophic wave phenomena. This theory allow to explain the most important aspects the Darwin's earthquake reports. This is achieved through the simplification of fundamental governing equations of considering problems to strongly-nonlinear wave equations. Solutions of these equations are constructed with the help of analytic and numerical techniques. The solutions can model different strongly-nonlinear wave phenomena which generate in a variety of physical context. A comparison with relevant experimental observations is also presented.

Galiev, Shamil

2010-05-01

213

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING 2009-2011 RESEARCH REPORT  

E-print Network

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING 2009-2011 RESEARCH REPORT #12;2 Research Report 2009-2011 Rensselaer School of Engineering eng.rpi.edu "Our research is addressing some of the most pressing technological challenges we face. Rosowsky, Ph.D., P.E. Dean of Engineering #12;3Research Report 2009-2011 Rensselaer School of Engineering

Salama, Khaled

214

Electronics Engineering Research. Final report, FY 1979  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments in Electronics Engineering Research (EER) during FY79 spanned a broad range of technologies, from high-speed microelectronics to digital image enhancement; from underground probing with electromagnetic waves to detecting neutrons with a small solid-state device; and from computer systems to aid engineers, to software tools to aid programmers. This report describes the overall EER program and its objectives, summarizes progress made in FY79, and outlines plans for FY80.

Weissenberger, S. (ed.)

1980-01-01

215

Council of Energy Engineering Research. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering Research Program, a component program of the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES), was established in 1979 to aid in resolving the numerous engineering issues arising from efforts to meet U.S. energy needs. The major product of the program became part of the body of knowledge and data upon which the applied energy technologies are founded; the product is knowledge relevant to energy exploration, production, conversion and use.

Goldstein, Richard J.

2003-08-22

216

Columbia University: Industrial Engineering and Operations Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the website for Columbia University's Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, which is "concerned with the design, analysis, and control of production and service operations and systems." The website describes two of the Department's research centers. The first, the Center for Applied Probability, supports interdisciplinary research on probability and its applications. The second, the Computational Optimization Research Center, specializes in "the design and implementation of state-of-the-art algorithms for the solution of large-scale optimization problems arising from a wide variety of industrial and commercial applications." Separate websites provide a description of research conducted at the Centers along with links to various publications.

217

Summaries of FY 1993 Engineering Research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the BES Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1993; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The organizational chart for the DOE Office of Energy Research (OER) on the next page delineates the six Divisions within the OER Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report we asked the principal investigators to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1993. The summaries received have been edited if necessary.

Not Available

1993-09-01

218

Injection forging: engineering and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Injection forging is a nett-shape manufacturing process which enables the forming of complex component-forms that are difficult to form by conventional metal-conversion processes. The state-of-the-art of the research in this subject is reviewed with reference to different process configurations, forming limits, energy\\/pressure requirements, process modelling and product forms.

Raj Balendra; Yi Qin

2004-01-01

219

Earthquakes in Afghanistan Nicholas Ambraseys  

E-print Network

that are currently seismically quiet but where earthquakes have occurred historically, and aseismic regions elsewhere between shallow moderate earthquakes that occur within a few minutes to days of deep earthquakes beneath1 Earthquakes in Afghanistan Nicholas Ambraseys Dept. of Civil Engineering, Imperial College

Bilham, Roger

220

Turbine engine materials durability research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High temperature environmental attack of dollar intensive turbine components reduces turbine efficiency and can limit life. The mechanisms of alloy and coating attack and the effects of interaction with the environment on mechanical behavior. This base of understanding provides the foundation for developing life prediction methods and identifying strategies for controlling attack. Subjects discussed in detail include oxidation and new developments in thermal barrier coating research.

Levine, S. R.; Stearns, C. A.

1982-01-01

221

Role of WEGENER (World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research) in monitoring natural hazards (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WEGENER was originally the acronym for Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research. It was founded in March 1981 in response to an appeal delivered at the Journes Luxembourgeoises de Geodynamique in December 1980 to respond with a coordinated European proposal to a NASA Announcement of Opportunity inviting participation in the Crustal Dynamics and Earthquake Research Program. WEGENER, during the past 33 years, has always kept a close contact with the Agencies and Institutions responsible for the development and maintenance of the global space geodetic networks with the aim to make them aware of the scientific needs and outcomes of the project which might have an influence on the general science policy trends. WEGENER served as Inter-commission Project 3.2, between Commission 1 and Commission 3, of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) until 2012. Since then, WEGENER project has become the Sub-commission 3.5 of IAG commission 3, namely Tectonics and Earthquake Geodesy. In this presentation, we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, 'World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research.

Ozener, H.; Zerbini, S.; Bastos, M. L.; Becker, M. H.; Meghraoui, M.; Reilinger, R. E.

2013-12-01

222

Summaries of FY 1996 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1996; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report the principal investigators were asked to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1996. The summaries received have been edited if necessary, but the press for timely publication made it impractical to have the investigators review and approve the revised summaries prior to publication. For more information about a given project, it is suggested that the investigators be contacted directly.

NONE

1997-06-01

223

The Quindio, Colombia, Earthquake of January 25, 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) recently released a Special Earthquake Report on the Quindio, Colombia Earthquake of January 25, 1999. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, this report is part of the EERI's Learning from Earthquakes project. Sections contained in the report include an Introduction, Geosciences and Geotechnical Aspects, Structural and Nonstructural Damage, Observations on Lifelines, Health Impacts, Emergency Response, Emergency Shelter and Temporary Housing, Recovery and Reconstruction, and Lessons Learned. Figures and images supplement the report and help make more complicated material easier to understand. This report provides an excellent example of a case study.

224

NASA's engineering research centers and interdisciplinary education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new program of interactive education between NASA and the academic community aims to improve research and education, provide long-term, stable funding, and support cross-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary research. The mission of NASA's Office of Aeronautics, Exploration and Technology (OAET) is discussed and it is pointed out that the OAET conducts about 10 percent of its total R&D program at U.S. universities. Other NASA university-based programs are listed including the Office of Commercial Programs Centers for the Commercial Development of Space (CCDS) and the National Space Grant program. The importance of university space engineering centers and the selection of the nine current centers are discussed. A detailed composite description is provided of the University Space Engineering Research Centers. Other specialized centers are described such as the Center for Space Construction, the Mars Mission Research Center, and the Center for Intelligent Robotic Systems for Space Exploration. Approaches to educational outreach are discussed.

Johnston, Gordon I.

1990-01-01

225

Time-frequency analysis of Transitory/Permanent frequency decrease in civil engineering structures during earthquakes  

E-print Network

The analysis of strong motion recordings in structures is crucial to understand the damaging process during earthquakes. A very precise time-frequency representation, the reassigned smoothed pseudo-Wigner-Ville method, allowed us to follow the variation of the Millikan Library (California) and the Grenoble City Hall building (France) resonance frequencies during earthquakes. Under strong motions, a quick frequency drop, attributed to damage of the soil-structure system, followed by a slower increase is found. However, in the case of weak earthquakes, we show that frequency variations come from the ground motion spectrum and cannot be interpreted in terms of change of the soil-structure system.

Michel, Clotaire

2008-01-01

226

Tissue engineering: from research to dental clinics  

PubMed Central

Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that combines the principles of engineering, material and biological sciences toward the development of therapeutic strategies and biological substitutes that restore, maintain, replace or improve biological functions. The association of biomaterials, stem cells, growth and differentiation factors have yielded the development of new treatment opportunities in most of the biomedical areas, including Dentistry. The objective of this paper is to present the principles underlying tissue engineering and the current scenario, the challenges and the perspectives of this area in Dentistry. Significance The growth of tissue engineering as a research field have provided a novel set of therapeutic strategies for biomedical applications. The emerging knowledge arisen from studies in the dental area may translate into new methods for caring or improving the alternatives used to treat patients in the daily clinic. PMID:22240278

Rosa, Vinicius; Bona, Alvaro Della; Cavalcanti, Bruno Neves; Nr, Jacques Eduardo

2013-01-01

227

Selecting Empirical Methods for Software Engineering Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selecting a research method for empirical software engineering research is problematic because the benefits and challenges\\u000a to using each method are not yet well catalogued. Therefore, this chapter describes a number of empirical methods available.\\u000a It examines the goals of each and analyzes the types of questions each best addresses. Theoretical stances behind the methods,\\u000a practical considerations in the application

Steve Easterbrook; Janice Singer; Margaret-Anne Storey; Daniela Damian

228

INCOSE SEANET Systems Engineering & Architecting Doctoral Research Network  

E-print Network

INCOSE SEANET ­ Systems Engineering & Architecting Doctoral Research Network Donna H. Rhodes of the International Council on Systems Engineering1 (INCOSE), aimed at fostering doctoral level research in systems engineering and contributing to the evolving intellectual agenda for systems engineering research. SEANET

de Weck, Olivier L.

229

Conceptual Difficulties Experienced by Trained Engineers Learning Educational Research Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes conceptual difficulties that may be experi- enced by engineering faculty as they become engineering educa- tion researchers. Observation, survey, and assessment data col- lected at the 2005 NSF-funded Rigorous Research in Engineering Education workshop were systematically analyzed to uncover the five difficulties encountered by engineering faculty learning to design rigorous education studies: (1) framing research questions with

MAURA BORREGO

2007-01-01

230

J. Craig Fischenich, PhD, PE Research Civil Engineer  

E-print Network

J. Craig Fischenich, PhD, PE Research Civil Engineer US Army Engineer Research and Development his BS and MS in Civil and Environmental Engineering, respectively, at South Dakota School of Mines Technical Lead for the ERDC EL. As a senior researcher, he leads teams of engineers and scientists

US Army Corps of Engineers

231

Engineering Education in Research-Intensive Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The strengths and weaknesses of engineering education in research-intensive institutions are reported and key areas for developmental focus identified. The work is based on a questionnaire and session summaries used during a two-day international conference held at Imperial College London. The findings highlight several common concerns, such as

Alpay, E.; Jones, M. E.

2012-01-01

232

Aircraft Turbine Engine Control Research at NASA Glenn Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an overview of the aircraft turbine engine control research at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). A brief introduction to the engine control problem is first provided with a description of the state-of-the-art control law structure. A historical aspect of engine control development since the 1940s is then provided with a special emphasis on the contributions of GRC. With the increased emphasis on aircraft safety, enhanced performance, and affordability, as well as the need to reduce the environmental impact of aircraft, there are many new challenges being faced by the designers of aircraft propulsion systems. The Controls and Dynamics Branch (CDB) at GRC is leading and participating in various projects to develop advanced propulsion controls and diagnostics technologies that will help meet the challenging goals of NASA Aeronautics Research Mission programs. The rest of the paper provides an overview of the various CDB technology development activities in aircraft engine control and diagnostics, both current and some accomplished in the recent past. The motivation for each of the research efforts, the research approach, technical challenges, and the key progress to date are summarized.

Garg, Sanjay

2013-01-01

233

Topography effects in the 1999 Athens earthquake : engineering issues in seismology  

E-print Network

It is well known that irregular topography can substantially affect the amplitude and frequency characteristics of seismic motion. Macroseismic observations of destructive earthquakes often show higher damage intensity at ...

Assimaki, Dominic, 1975-

2004-01-01

234

Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers: Highlights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation funds 26 Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers (MRSEC) and website highlights research conducted at the MRSECs at universities across the United States. The featured projects have been "selected with care and pride by the director of each MRSEC" and "represent samples of exemplary research at the Centers." Some examples include Cornell University's work on Ultra-Small Memory Devices for Silicon Electronics and the University of Pennsylvania's work on Nematic Nanotube Gels. Links are provided to individual MRSEC websites where visitors can further explore each group's work.

235

Special Issue "Impact of Natural Hazards on Urban Areas and Infrastructure" in the Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special issue includes selected papers on the topic of earthquake impact from the sessions held in 2004 in Nice, France and in 2005 in Vienna, Austria at the first and respectivelly the second European Geosciences Union General Assembly. Since its start in 1999, in the Hague, Netherlands, the hazard of earthquakes has been the most popular of the session. The respective calls in 2004 was for: Nature's forces including earthquakes, floods, landslides, high winds and volcanic eruptions can inflict losses to urban settlements and man-made structures such as infrastructure. In Europe, recent years have seen such significant losses from earthquakes in south and south-eastern Europe, floods in central Europe, and wind storms in western Europe. Meanwhile, significant progress has been made in understanding disasters. Several scientific fields contribute to a holistic approach in the evaluation of capacities, vulnerabilities and hazards, the main factors on mitigating urban disasters due to natural hazards. An important part of the session is devoted to assessment of earthquake shaking and loss scenarios, including both physical damage and human causalities. Early warning and rapid damage evaluation are of utmost importance for addressing the safety of many essential facilities, for emergency management of events and for disaster response. In case of earthquake occurrence strong motion networks, data processing and interpretation lead to preliminary estimation (scenarios) of geographical distribution of damages. Factual information on inflicted damage, like those obtained from shaking maps or aerial imagery permit a confrontation with simulation maps of damage in order to define a more accurate picture of the overall losses. Most recent developments towards quantitative and qualitative simulation of natural hazard impacts on urban areas, which provide decision-making support for urban disaster management, and success stories of and lessons learned from disaster mitigation will be presented. The session includes contributions showing methodological and modelling approaches from scientists in geophysical/seismological, hydrological, remote sensing, civil engineering, insurance, and urbanism, amongst other fields, as well as presentations from practitioners working on specific case studies, regarding analysis of recent events and their impact on cities as well as re-evaluation of past events from the point of view of long-time recovery. In 2005 it was called for: Most strategies for both preparedness and emergency management in case of disaster mitigation are related to urban planning. While natural, engineering and social sciences contribute to the evaluation of the impact of earthquakes and their secondary events (including tsunamis, earthquake triggered landslides, or fire), floods, landslides, high winds, and volcanic eruptions on urban areas, there are the instruments of urban planning which are to be employed for both visualisation as well as development and implementation of strategy concepts for pre- and postdisaster intervention. The evolution of natural systems towards extreme conditions is taken into consideration so far at it concerns the damaging impact on urban areas and infrastructure and the impact on the natural environment of interventions to reduce such damaging impact.

Bostenaru Dan, M.

2009-04-01

236

76 FR 37084 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting: July 26-28...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2011-06-24

237

78 FR 13030 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting: March 18-19...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2013-02-26

238

75 FR 28593 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department...Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting...with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of...Secretary of the Army for Civil Works entitled ``New...

2010-05-21

239

Graduate engineering research participation in aeronautics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Graduate student engineering research in aeronautics at Old Dominion University is surveyed. Student participation was facilitated through a NASA sponsored university program which enabled the students to complete degrees. Research summaries are provided and plans for the termination of the grant program are outlined. Project topics include: Failure modes for mechanically fastened joints in composite materials; The dynamic stability of an earth orbiting satellite deploying hinged appendages; The analysis of the Losipescu shear test for composite materials; and the effect of boundary layer structure on wing tip vortex formation and decay.

Roberts, A. S., Jr.

1984-01-01

240

Aeronautical Research Engineer Milt Thompson computing data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Milton O. Thompson was hired as an engineer at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' High-Speed Flight Station (later renamed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Dryden Flight Research Center) on March 19, 1956. In 1958 he became a research pilot, but in this photo Milt is working on data from another pilot's research flight. Thompson began flying with the U.S. Navy as a pilot trainee at the age of 19. He subsequently served during World War II, with duty in China and Japan. Following six years of active naval service, he entered the University of Washington, in Seattle, Washington. Milt graduated in 1953 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering. He remained in the Naval Reserves during college, and continued flying--not only naval aircraft but crop dusters and forest-spraying aircraft. After college graduation, Milt became a flight test engineer for the Boeing Aircraft Company in Seattle, where he was employed for two years before coming to the High-Speed Flight Station.

1956-01-01

241

Phil M. Ferguson Structural Engineering Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Phil M. Ferguson Structural Engineering Research Laboratory at the University Texas at Austin is a facility "dedicated to research for improving the analysis, design and construction of buildings, bridges and special structures." Researchers use physical testing, combined with state-of-the-art analytical models, to evaluate the behavior and design of reinforced concrete, steel, timber, masonry, and composite structures. Some applications for the group's work include the performance of buildings, bridges, and offshore structures, and the repair and rehabilitation of structures. The research is possible through industry sponsorship and some of the reports from the lab's projects are posted online in the Library. Other Publications include Dissertations and Theses, FSEL Lab Report Series, and Journal Articles.

242

AEIC: Arizona Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Arizona Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) conducts research and distributes information about Arizona earthquakes in order to increase the knowledge about the causes and hazards of earthquakes. The website provides recent seismographs for many places including the Grand Canyon and Flagstaff along with a map of the fault system. Researchers can find a catalog of Arizona Earthquakes for the period of 1830 to 1998. Users can view an index map of recent earthquakes in the Intermountain West region of Utah as well.

243

Proceedings of the 2009 Industrial Engineering Research Conference Developing a Curriculum in Service Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 2009 Industrial Engineering Research Conference Developing a Curriculum slowly to this change. Although some Industrial Engineering (IE) undergraduate programs have added community has responded slowly to this change. Although some Industrial Engineering undergraduate programs

Onder, Nilufer

244

Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group  

E-print Network

Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group Creating a Topographic Index and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group · Topographic Index maps are grids derived from digital in GWLF, SWAT. #12;Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group · Topographic

Walter, M.Todd

245

Virtual earthquake engineering laboratory with physics-based degrading materials on parallel computers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the last few decades, we have obtained tremendous insight into underlying microscopic mechanisms of degrading quasi-brittle materials from persistent and near-saintly efforts in laboratories, and at the same time we have seen unprecedented evolution in computational technology such as massively parallel computers. Thus, time is ripe to embark on a novel approach to settle unanswered questions, especially for the earthquake engineering community, by harmoniously combining the microphysics mechanisms with advanced parallel computing technology. To begin with, it should be stressed that we placed a great deal of emphasis on preserving clear meaning and physical counterparts of all the microscopic material models proposed herein, since it is directly tied to the belief that by doing so, the more physical mechanisms we incorporate, the better prediction we can obtain. We departed from reviewing representative microscopic analysis methodologies, selecting out "fixed-type" multidirectional smeared crack model as the base framework for nonlinear quasi-brittle materials, since it is widely believed to best retain the physical nature of actual cracks. Microscopic stress functions are proposed by integrating well-received existing models to update normal stresses on the crack surfaces (three orthogonal surfaces are allowed to initiate herein) under cyclic loading. Unlike the normal stress update, special attention had to be paid to the shear stress update on the crack surfaces, due primarily to the well-known pathological nature of the fixed-type smeared crack model---spurious large stress transfer over the open crack under nonproportional loading. In hopes of exploiting physical mechanism to resolve this deleterious nature of the fixed crack model, a tribology-inspired three-dimensional (3d) interlocking mechanism has been proposed. Following the main trend of tribology (i.e., the science and engineering of interacting surfaces), we introduced the base fabric of solid particle-soft matrix to explain realistic interlocking over rough crack surfaces, and the adopted Gaussian distribution feeds random particle sizes to the entire domain. Validation against a well-documented rough crack experiment reveals promising accuracy of the proposed 3d interlocking model. A consumed energy-based damage model has been proposed for the weak correlation between the normal and shear stresses on the crack surfaces, and also for describing the nature of irrecoverable damage. Since the evaluation of the consumed energy is directly linked to the microscopic deformation, which can be efficiently tracked on the crack surfaces, the proposed damage model is believed to provide a more physical interpretation than existing damage mechanics, which fundamentally stem from mathematical derivation with few physical counterparts. Another novel point of the present work lies in the topological transition-based "smart" steel bar model, notably with evolving compressive buckling length. We presented a systematic framework of information flow between the key ingredients of composite materials (i.e., steel bar and its surrounding concrete elements). The smart steel model suggested can incorporate smooth transition during reversal loading, tensile rupture, early buckling after reversal from excessive tensile loading, and even compressive buckling. Especially, the buckling length is made to evolve according to the damage states of the surrounding elements of each bar, while all other dominant models leave the length unchanged. What lies behind all the aforementioned novel attempts is, of course, the problem-optimized parallel platform. In fact, the parallel computing in our field has been restricted to monotonic shock or blast loading with explicit algorithm which is characteristically feasible to be parallelized. In the present study, efficient parallelization strategies for the highly demanding implicit nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) program for real-scale reinforced concrete (RC) structures under cyclic loading are proposed. Quantitat

Cho, In Ho

246

The Central and Eastern European Earthquake Research Network - CE3RN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The region of the Central and Eastern Europe is an area characterised by a relatively high seismicity. The active seismogenic structures and the related potentially destructive events are located in the proximity of the political boundaries between several countries existing in the area. An example is the seismic region between the NE Italy (FVG, Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto), Austria (Tyrol, Carinthia) and Slovenia. So when a destructive earthquake occurs in the area, all the three countries are involved. In the year 2001 the Agencija Republike Slovenije za Okolje (ARSO) in Slovenia, the Department of Mathematics and Geoscience of the University of Trieste (DMG), the OGS (Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale) in Italy and the Zentralanstalt fr Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG) in Austria signed an agreement for the real-time seismological data exchange in the Southeastern Alps region. Soon after the Interreg IIIa Italia-Austria projects "Trans-National Seismological Networks in the South-Eastern Alps" and "FASTLINK" started. The main goal of these projects was the creation of a transfrontier network for the common seismic monitoring of the region for scientific and civil defense purposes. During these years the high quality data recorded by the transfrontier network has been used, by the involved institutions, for their scientific research, for institutional activities and for the civil defense services. Several common international projects have been realized with success. The instrumentation has been continuously upgraded, the installations quality improved as well as the data transmission efficiency. In the 2013 ARSO, DMG, OGS and ZAMG decided to name the cooperative network "Central and Eastern European Earthquake Research Network - CE3RN". The national/regional seismic networks actually involved in the CE3RN network are: Austrian national BB network (ZAMG - OE) Friuli Veneto SP network (OGS - FV) Friuli VG accelerometric network (DMG - RF) NE Italy BB Network, (OGS & DMG - NI) Slovene national BB network (ARSO -SL) South Tyrol BB Network, (ZAMG - SI) HAREIA strong motion stations, (ZAMG & DMG - HA) Starting from the 2001, the CE3RN represents an excellent example of international high quality research infrastructure and the starting point for the enlargement of the transfrontier network to all countries and their seismological institutions of the Central and Eastern Europe region. Furthermore, one of the main goals of the CE3RN is to intensify the cooperation between these institutions through common research activities and preparation of common international projects. The characteristics of the CE3RN will be described along with the examples of some research results and of common projects realized during the first 13 years of network activity.

Bragato, Pier Luigi; Costa, Giovanni; Gallo, Antonella; Gosar, Andrej; Horn, Nikolaus; Lenhardt, Wolfgang; Mucciarelli, Marco; Pesaresi, Damiano; Steiner, Rudolf; Suhadolc, Peter; Tiberi, Lara; iv?i?, Mladen; Zopp, Giuliana

2014-05-01

247

First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th  

E-print Network

structure is an essential procedure in earthquake design and assessment. An improved understanding properties, axial load level, reinforcement ratio and extent of concrete cracking. For the seismic design of a reinforced concrete (RC) frame, the period of vibration will not be known a priori and thus simplified

Southern California, University of

248

ReseaRch at the University of Maryland Tissue Engineering Research  

E-print Network

ReseaRch at the University of Maryland Tissue Engineering Research Tissue engineering relies-joint tissues, among other engineered bio- applications. Tissue engineering uses the remarkable properties's immune system. Some of these engineered tissues biodegrade after the therapeutic goal is achieved

Hill, Wendell T.

249

75 FR 48411 - Research, Engineering and Development Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Aviation Administration Research, Engineering and Development Advisory...of a meeting of the FAA Research, Engineering and Development (R, E...Advisory Committee. Name: Research, Engineering & Development Advisory...

2010-08-10

250

Postseismic Deformation after the 1964 Great Alaskan Earthquake: Collaborative Research with Goddard Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this project was to carry out GPS observations on the Kenai Peninsula, southern Alaska, in order to study the postseismic and contemporary deformation following the 1964 Alaska earthquake. All of the research supported in this grant was carried out in collaboration with Dr. Steven Cohen of Goddard Space Flight Center. The research funding from this grant primarily supported GPS fieldwork, along with the acquisition of computer equipment to allow analysis and modeling of the GPS data. A minor amount of salary support was provided by the PI, but the great majority of the salary support was provided by the Geophysical Institute. After the expiration of this grant, additional funding was obtained from the National Science Foundation to continue the work. This grant supported GPS field campaigns in August 1995, June 1996, May-June and September 1997, and May-June 1998. We initially began the work by surveying leveling benchmarks on the Kenai peninsula that had been surveyed after the 1964 earthquake. Changes in height from the 1964 leveling data to the 1995+ GPS data, corrected for the geoid-ellipsoid separation, give the total elevation change since the earthquake. Beginning in 1995, we also identified or established sites that were suitable for long-term surveying using GPS. In the subsequent annual GPS campaigns, we made regular measurements at these GPS marks, and steadily enhanced our set of points for which cumulative postseismic uplift data were available. From 4 years of Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements, we find significant spatial variations in present-day deformation between the eastern and western Kenai peninsula, Alaska. Sites in the eastern Kenai peninsula and Prince William Sound move to the NNW relative to North America, in the direction of Pacific-North America relative plate motion. Velocities decrease in magnitude from nearly the full plate rate in southern Prince William Sound to about 30 mm/yr at Seward and to about 5 mm/yr near Anchorage. In contrast, sites in the western Kenai peninsula move to the SW, in a nearly trenchward direction, with a velocity of about 20 mm/yr. The data are consistent with the shallow plate interface offshore and beneath the eastern Kenai and Prince William Sound being completely locked or nearly so, with elastic strain accumulation resulting in rapid motion in the direction of relative plate motion of sites in the overriding plate. The velocities of sites in the western Kenai, along strike to the southwest, are opposite in sign with those predicted from elastic strain accumulation. These data are incompatible with a significant locked region in this segment of the plate boundary. Trenchward velocities are found also for some sites in the Anchorage area. We interpret the trenchward velocities as being caused by a continuing postseismic transient from the 1964 great Alaska earthquake.

Freymueller, Jeffrey T.

1999-01-01

251

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake -1  

E-print Network

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey, 2012, 5:45pm D R A F T #12;X - 2 ELLIOTT ET AL.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY moment and source.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY X - 3 Interferograms from the ENVISAT satellite were derived from

Cambridge, University of

252

Koyna Earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE Koyna earthquake of December 11, 1967, killed about 200 people and injured a few thousand. The eipcentre was within 5 km of the Koyna Dam (17 23' N., 73 45' E.). A magnitude of the order of 7.5 on the Richter scale has been reported by the Indian Meteorological Department and the Central Water and Power Research Station. The

Hari Narain; Harsh Gupta

1968-01-01

253

Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 2007, this website is a superb tool for learning about the ethical dilemmas engineers face in areas such as emerging technologies, environment, safety and sustainability, and responsible research. Visitors can learn about various ethical dilemmas via the site's collection of "Cases", "Essays & Articles", "Instructional Resources", and "Other Resources". The "Cases" link contains a fascinating collection of historical cases, hypothetical cases, fictionalized cases, numerical problems, and scenarios. Visitors will find cases that address a killer robot, reverse engineering, Internet privacy, and the real case of a "computerized radiation therapy machine and its software flaws, which caused massive overdoses to patients." The "Instructional Resources" link provides various university syllabi for courses on computers and the Internet, as well as a syllabus for a course for both young people and senior citizens which addresses the future of technology. Visitors will also find an informational article on the misuse of emerging technologies, entitled "Antibiotic Resistance and Dual Use".

254

Collaborative Engineering for Research and Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research and development (R&D) organizations are being required to be relevant, to be more application-oriented, and to be partners in the strategic management of the business while meeting the same challenges as the rest of the organization, namely: (1) reduced time to market; (2) reduced cost; (3) improved quality; (4) increased reliability; and (5) increased focus on customer needs. Recent advances in computer technology and the Internet have created a new paradigm of collaborative engineering or collaborative product development (CPD), from which new types of relationships among researchers and their partners have emerged. Research into the applicability and benefits of CPD in a low/no production, R&D, and/or government environment is limited. In addition, the supply chain management (SCM) aspects of these relationships have not been studied. This paper presents research conducted at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) investigating the applicability of CPD and SCM in an R&D organization. The study concentrates on the management and implementation of space research activities at GRC. Results indicate that although the organization is engaged in collaborative relationships that incorporate aspects of SCM, a number of areas, such as development of trust and information sharing merit special attention.

Davis, Jose M.; Keys, L. Ken; Chen, Injazz J.

2004-01-01

255

Summaries of FY 1997 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1997, it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The individual project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution; the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1997. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1997 appears to the right of address. The summary description of the project completes the entry. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-main address, where available.

NONE

1998-09-01

256

Revolutionising Engineering Education in the Middle East Region to Promote Earthquake-Disaster Mitigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the high market demands for professional engineers in the Arab oil-producing countries, the appetite of Middle Eastern students for high-paying jobs and challenging careers in engineering has sharply increased. As a result, engineering programmes are providing opportunities for more students to enroll on engineering courses through lenient

Baytiyeh, Hoda; Naja, Mohamad K.

2014-01-01

257

Investigation of the earthquake behavior of the research reactor FRJ-2 (DIDO)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finite element calculations were carried out for the reactor FRJ-2 in order to determine its integrity after an earthquake. Results indicate a displacement of 5 mm occurring during 0.25 g safe shutdown earthquake for the reactor block in the horizontal and vertical directions, and 16 mm for the craneway in the horizontal direction, but without danger for the primary circuit.

J. Altes; H. Graffi; D. Koschmieder

1983-01-01

258

Besinci Ulusal Deprem Muhendisligi Konferansi, 26-30 Mayis 2003, Istanbul Fifth National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 26-30 May 2003, Istanbul, Turkey  

E-print Network

Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 26-30 May 2003, Istanbul, Turkey Paper No: AE-047 ON THE USE OF AN ENERGY-BASED GROUND MOTION PARAMETER IN SEISMIC HAZARD STUDIES FOR NORTHWESTERN TURKEY Ali SARI1 , Lance motions for Northwestern Turkey. Comparison of these to predictions based on empirical attenuation models

Manuel, Lance

259

The 1st Japan-Korea Joint Seminar on Earthquake Engineering for Building Structures Oct. 30 -31, 1999, Faculty Club House, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea  

E-print Network

are critical regions in reinforced concrete moment resisting frames designed for inelas- tic response underThe 1st Japan-Korea Joint Seminar on Earthquake Engineering for Building Structures Oct. 30 - 313 ABSTRACT Two half scale reinforced concrete specimens representing interior beam

Shiohara, Hitoshi

260

An overview of the NASA rotary engine research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A brief overview and technical highlights of the research efforts and studies on rotary engines over the last several years at the NASA Lewis Research Center are presented. The test results obtained from turbocharged rotary engines and preliminary results from a high performance single rotor engine were discussed. Combustion modeling studies of the rotary engine and the use of a Laser Doppler Velocimeter to confirm the studies were examined. An in-house program in which a turbocharged rotary engine was installed in a Cessna Skymaster for ground test studies was reviewed. Details are presented on single rotor stratified charge rotary engine research efforts, both in-house and on contract.

Meng, P. R.; Hady, W. F.

1984-01-01

261

Summer Undergraduate Program in Engineering Research at Berkeley  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California at Berkeley, has organized a program of undergraduate research during the past eight summers. Called SUPERB (Summer Undergraduate Program in Engineering Research at Berkeley), the program brings six to eight underrepresented minority students to Berkeley for a research experience. Individual faculty provide eight-week research projects and welcome students from

S. M. Humphreys

1997-01-01

262

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program  

E-print Network

and scale up process engineering of biomass derivatives to form a renewable jet fuel alternative. Firstly). The interdisciplinary nature of the project will include reactor engineering, process engineering, analytical chemistryCollege of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program Request

Mountziaris, T. J.

263

Structural engineering aspects of the June 27, 1998 AdanaCeyhan (Turkey) earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

On June 27, 1998, an earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale rocked the AdanaCeyhan region of Turkey, an important industrialized and agricultural area of about two million population. It resulted in 145 deaths, more than 1,500 injuries and significant damage to more than ten thousand structures. In this paper, the observed structural damages are analyzed in view of the

Korhan Adalier; Ogun Aydingun

2001-01-01

264

School of Industrial Engineering and Management Research Methodology  

E-print Network

School of Industrial Engineering and Management Research Methodology Research is an activity of the research effort, proper research methodology should be followed. The following sections discuss classical and developmental research and the proper research methodology for each. Research topics that are classical

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

265

ERHAN KUTANOGLU Graduate Program in Operations Research and Industrial Engineering  

E-print Network

ERHAN KUTANOGLU Graduate Program in Operations Research and Industrial Engineering Department · As a tenured faculty member in the Operations Research and Industrial Engineering Graduate Program, develop School of Engineering Co-Director, Industrial Affiliates Program January 2012 ­ Present Advanced

Kutanoglu, Erhan

266

Research at the Universit de Sherbrooke Faculty of Engineering NSERC Industrial Research Chairs Professor in charge  

E-print Network

Research at the Université de Sherbrooke Faculty of Engineering NSERC Industrial Research Chairs Professor in charge NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Concrete Structure Analysis (Civil Engineering Materials for Infrastructure (Civil Engineering) Brahim Benmokrane NSERC Industrial Research Chair on High

Spino, Claude

267

Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering  

E-print Network

1 Guide to Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering University the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UH) an ideal place for education and research in ocean and resources ..................................................................................................................... 5 Responsible Conduct of Research Training

Frandsen, Jannette B.

268

Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering  

E-print Network

Guide to Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering University of Hawaii-oriented activities make the University of Hawaii at Manoa an ideal place for education and research in ocean Research Facilities

Frandsen, Jannette B.

269

Seismic Safety Margins Research Program. Regional relationships among earthquake magnitude scales  

SciTech Connect

The seismic body-wave magnitude m{sub b} of an earthquake is strongly affected by regional variations in the Q structure, composition, and physical state within the earth. Therefore, because of differences in attenuation of P-waves between the western and eastern United States, a problem arises when comparing m{sub b}'s for the two regions. A regional m/sub b/ magnitude bias exists which, depending on where the earthquake occurs and where the P-waves are recorded, can lead to magnitude errors as large as one-third unit. There is also a significant difference between m{sub b} and M{sub L} values for earthquakes in the western United States. An empirical link between the m{sub b} of an eastern US earthquake and the M{sub L} of an equivalent western earthquake is given by M{sub L} = 0.57 + 0.92(m{sub b}){sub East}. This result is important when comparing ground motion between the two regions and for choosing a set of real western US earthquake records to represent eastern earthquakes. 48 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Chung, D. H.; Bernreuter, D. L.

1980-05-01

270

wumrc.engin.umich.edu Research Focus Area  

E-print Network

, nurses, caregivers, patient focus groups, engineers and business professionals through education. Interdisciplinary Collaboration Education: Educate a new generation of innovators with advanced technical research to healthcare. Collaboration: Create multidisciplinary teams from the Engineering, Medical

Daly, Samantha

271

Research at the Schulich School of Engineering The electrical and computer engineering department at the  

E-print Network

Research at the Schulich School of Engineering #12;The electrical and computer engineering Human-Computer Interaction Research Laboratory Micro/Nano Systems Advanced Technology Information and energy research. With a focus on applications in health care, and energy and the environment, research

Calgary, University of

272

Update on Engine Combustion Research at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this paper are to describe the research efforts in diesel engine combustion at Sandia National Laboratories' Combustion Research Facility and to provide recent experimental results. We have four diesel engine experiments supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies: a one-cylinder version of a Cummins heavy-duty engine, a diesel simulation facility, a one-cylinder Caterpillar engine to evaluate combustion of alternative fuels, and a homogeneous-charge, compression ignition (HCCI) engine. Recent experimental results of diesel combustion research will be discussed and a description will be given of our HCCI experimental program and of our HCCI modeling work.

Jay Keller; Gurpreet Singh

2001-05-14

273

Undergraduate Research Internships for Enhancing Diversity in Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Research Internships for Enhancing Diversity in Science and Engineering Sponsored, "Undergraduate Research Internships for Enhancing Diversity in Science and Engineering" is part of a campus in undergraduate research at Montana State University Program Description The program is designed to provide highly

Dyer, Bill

274

Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering  

E-print Network

1 Guide to Graduate Study and Research in Ocean and Resources Engineering University the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UH) an ideal place for education and research in ocean and resources, the department changed its name to Ocean and Resources Engineering (ORE) to better reflect the research thrust

Frandsen, Jannette B.

275

Research and Exploration for Operational Research Education in Industry and Engineering Subject  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basic of exploring the relationship of industry engineering and operational research technique, the thesis analyzes the location and utility of the operational research education in the whole industry engineering subject education. It brings forward the system design about operational research and relative class among industry engineering

Wu, Yu-hua; Wang, Feng-ming; Du, Gang

2007-01-01

276

Engineering Research and Technology Development on the Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report identifies and assesses the kinds of engineering research and technology development applicable to national, NASA, and commercial needs that can appropriately be performed on the space station. It also identifies the types of instrumentation that should be included in the space station design to support engineering research. The report contains a preliminary assessment of the potential benefits to U.S. competitiveness of engineering research that might be conducted on a space station, reviews NASA's current approach to jointly funded or cooperative experiments, and suggests modifications that might facilitate university and industry participation in engineering research and technology development activities on the space station.

1996-01-01

277

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science Site  

E-print Network

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science and Information Science and Engineering (CISE), Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering science research in order to bring knowledge of engineering, computer science, and technological

Suzuki, Masatsugu

278

BERKELEY: INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & OPERATIONS RESEARCH Tenure, Tenure-Track Faculty -Decision Analytics  

E-print Network

BERKELEY: INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & OPERATIONS RESEARCH Tenure, Tenure-Track Faculty - Decision Analytics Department of Industrial Engineering & Operations Research and College of Engineering The DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & OPERATIONS RESEARCH (IEOR) at University of California, Berkeley

O'Brien, James F.

279

33 CFR 222.4 - Reporting earthquake effects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Reporting earthquake effects. 222.4 Section 222...ENGINEERING AND DESIGN 222.4 Reporting earthquake effects. (a) Purpose. ...following the occurrence of significant earthquakes. It primarily concerns damage...

2012-07-01

280

33 CFR 222.4 - Reporting earthquake effects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Reporting earthquake effects. 222.4 Section 222...ENGINEERING AND DESIGN 222.4 Reporting earthquake effects. (a) Purpose. ...following the occurrence of significant earthquakes. It primarily concerns damage...

2013-07-01

281

The Use of Web Search Engines in Information Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on the use of Web search engines in information science research, including: ways users interact with Web search engines; social aspects of searching; structure and dynamic nature of the Web; link analysis; other bibliometric applications; characterizing information on the Web; search engine evaluation and improvement; and

Bar-Ilan, Judit

2004-01-01

282

Research project for increasing pool of minority engineers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Tennessee State University (TSU) Research Project for Increasing the Pool of Minority Engineers is designed to develop engineers who have academic and research experiences in technical areas of interest to NASA. These engineers will also have some degree of familiarity with NASA Lewis Research Center as a result of interaction with Lewis engineers, field trips and internships at Lewis. The Research Project has four components, which are: (1) Minority Introduction to Engineering (MITE), a high school precollege program, (2) engineering and technology previews, (3) the NASA LeRC Scholars program which includes scholarships and summer internships, and (4) undergraduate research experiences on NASA sponsored research. MITE is a two-week summer engineering camp designed to introduce minority high school students to engineering by exposing them to: (1) engineering role models (engineering students and NASA engineer), (2) field trips to engineering firms, (3) in addition to introducing youth to the language of the engineer (i.e., science, mathematics, technical writing, computers, and the engineering laboratory). Three MITE camps are held on the campus of TSU with an average of 40 participants. MITE has grown from 25 participants at its inception in 1990 to 118 participants in 1994 with participants from 17 states, including the District of Columbia, and 51 percent of the participants were female. Over the four-year period, 77 percent of the seniors who participated in MITE have gone to college, while 53 percent of those seniors in college are majoring in science, engineering or mathematics (SEM). This first Engineering and Technology Previews held in 1993 brought 23 youths from Cleveland, Ohio to TSU for a two-day preview of engineering and college life. Two previews are scheduled for 1994-1995. The NASA LeRC Scholars program provides scholarships and summer internships for minority engineering students majoring in electrical or mechanical engineering. Presently six (6) engineering students are in the Scholars program. The average GPA for the scholars is 3.239. Each scholar must maintain a minimum GPA of 3.000/4.000. NASA LeRC Fred Higgs has been awarded a GEM Fellowship. In addition, he will be presenting a paper entitled 'Design of Helical Spring Using Probabilistic Design Methodology' at the Middle Tennessee Section ASME Student Design Presentations in Nashville on March 23rd and at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research to be held at Union College, Schenectady, New York on April 20-22, 1995. Each of the scholars is working on one of the three NASA sponsored research projects in the college.

Rogers, Decatur B.

1995-01-01

283

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

284

A research agenda for academic petroleum engineering programs. [Final report  

SciTech Connect

The development of a research agenda should be a direct way of portraying the scope of petroleum engineering, of identifying the critical technological issues faced by the profession,of elucidating the gaps between the existing research resources and the needs. and of outlining a program of research through which the petroleum engineering departments can be collectively of maximum service. Such an agenda would be of value to the profession of petroleum engineering, to industry and to government agencies, as well as to the faculty and students of the petroleum engineering departments. The purposes of the activity that led to this report, therefore, were to develop a statement to serve as a beginning research agenda for the petroleum engineering academic community; to bring together representatives of the petroleum engineering academic community to recognize the importance of developing a consensus posture with respect to research; and to provide a document that will assist in portraying to industry, government agencies and others the problems and needs of the petroleum engineering departments for conducting research. Contents of this report include; introduction; the background; the scope of petroleum engineering research; priority research topics and technological issues; non-technological research issues; and conclusions and recommendations.

Calhoun, J.C. Jr.

1990-03-31

285

ORNL Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC)  

ScienceCinema

This video highlights the Vehicle Research Laboratory's capabilities at the Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC). FEERC is a Department of Energy user facility located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

None

2014-06-26

286

ORNL Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC)  

SciTech Connect

This video highlights the Vehicle Research Laboratory's capabilities at the Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC). FEERC is a Department of Energy user facility located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

None

2013-04-12

287

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING  

E-print Network

is Deputy Director for Water Resources Research. WASTE GUIDE ON THERMAL POLLUTION Copies of an "Industrial, Pacific Northwest Water Laboratory, Corvallis, Oregon, 97330, or Federal Water Pollution ControlNEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING THE UNIVERSITY

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

288

Research Highlights 2010 Department of Structural Engineering  

E-print Network

education and training through a holistic approach to structural engineering by emphasizing and building a holistic approach to structural systems engineering by emphasizing and building on the commonality of engineering structures at the levels of materials, mechanics, analysis and design. Blast Resistant FRP

Wang, Deli

289

AERODYNAMICS RESEARCH CENTER MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT AgendaAgenda IntroductionIntroduction ((Pulsed Detonation Engine basics, the PDE cycle,Pulsed zoneg of an induction zone and a heat addition zone.and a heat addition zone. Pulsed Detonation Engines Detonation Engine basics, the PDE cycle, Deflagration vs.Deflagration vs. DetonationDetonation)) Previous

Texas at Arlington, University of

290

Research requirements for development of regenerative engines for helicopters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The improved specific fuel consumption of the regenerative engine was compared to a simple-cycle turboshaft engine. The performance improvement and fuel saving are obtained at the expense of increased engine weight, development and production costs, and maintenance costs. Costs and schedules are estimated for the elements of the research and development program. Interaction of the regenerative engine with other technology goals for an advanced civil helicopter is examined, including its impact on engine noise, hover and cruise performance, helicopter empty weight, drive-system efficiency and weight, one-engine-inoperative hover capability, and maintenance and reliability.

Semple, R. D.

1976-01-01

291

ARMA models for earthquake ground motions. Seismic safety margins research program  

SciTech Connect

Four major California earthquake records were analyzed by use of a class of discrete linear time-domain processes commonly referred to as ARMA (Autoregressive/Moving-Average) models. It was possible to analyze these different earthquakes, identify the order of the appropriate ARMA model(s), estimate parameters, and test the residuals generated by these models. It was also possible to show the connections, similarities, and differences between the traditional continuous models (with parameter estimates based on spectral analyses) and the discrete models with parameters estimated by various maximum-likelihood techniques applied to digitized acceleration data in the time domain. The methodology proposed is suitable for simulating earthquake ground motions in the time domain, and appears to be easily adapted to serve as inputs for nonlinear discrete time models of structural motions. 60 references, 19 figures, 9 tables.

Chang, M. K.; Kwiatkowski, J. W.; Nau, R. F.; Oliver, R. M.; Pister, K. S.

1981-02-01

292

Genetic Engineering of Plants. Agricultural Research Opportunities and Policy Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Plant scientists and science policymakers from government, private companies, and universities met at a convocation on the genetic engineering of plants. During the convocation, researchers described some of the ways genetic engineering may be used to address agricultural problems. Policymakers delineated and debated changes in research funding

Roberts, Leslie

293

Benefits and Barriers of User Evaluation in Software Engineering Research  

E-print Network

Benefits and Barriers of User Evaluation in Software Engineering Research Raymond P.L. Buse about, benefits from, and barriers to performing user evaluations in software engineer- ing research and identifies benefits from and barriers to performing them. In this paper, we use user evaluation to mean

Weimer, Westley

294

Markerless Motion Capture Developers/ Programmers/ Computer Vision Research Engineers Wanted  

E-print Network

Markerless Motion Capture Developers/ Programmers/ Computer Vision Research Engineers Wanted Kina for qualified Computer Vision Research Engineers to come work with our diverse R&D team, to advance our state.D. in a closely related area of computer vision. - Excellent mathematical skills, especially linear algebra

Plotkin, Joshua B.

295

Sixth Conference on Software Engineering Research and Practice in Sweden  

E-print Network

SERPS'06 Sixth Conference on Software Engineering Research and Practice in Sweden October 18 Science SE-901 87 UME? SWEDEN #12;#12;Preface Software engineering is an important area for Swedish and Practice in Sweden, is intended to be a meeting point for researchers and practitioners in the area

Börstler, Jürgen

296

Investigation of the earthquake behavior of the research reactor FRJ-2 (DIDO)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Finite element calculations were carried out for the reactor FRJ-2 in order to determine its integrity after an earthquake. Results indicate a displacement of 5 mm occurring during 0.25 g safe shutdown earthquake for the reactor block in the horizontal and vertical directions, and 16 mm for the craneway in the horizontal direction, but without danger for the primary circuit. Stresses exceed the yield point in a few structural components. In the case of the tube supports, the rupture point is also exceeded. Since the design contains safety reserves, the integrity of the primary circuit remains assured.

Altes, J.; Graffi, H.; Koschmieder, D.

1983-10-01

297

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation  

E-print Network

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation For more than 45 years, Western University has been internationally recognized as the leading university for wind engineering and wind- related research. Its of environmental disaster mitigation, with specific strengths in wind and earthquake research. Boundary Layer Wind

Denham, Graham

298

CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE INSTITUTE (CTSI) ENGINEERING TO CLINICAL COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PILOT PROGRAM  

E-print Network

CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE INSTITUTE (CTSI) ENGINEERING TO CLINICAL COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PILOT PROGRAM (August 2012) Program summary The CTSI Engineering to Clinical Collaborative Research and the engineering research scientist have significant, defined roles in the research project. The term "clinical

Sibille, Etienne

299

Earthquake resistant design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After having learned about earthquakes in class, through readings and earlier lab assignments, students (in groups of two) are asked to design and construct (using balsa wood, string, paper and glue) a three-story building designed to minimize the effects of shear-wave vibrations that occur during an earthquake. The students are required to research the design concepts on their own and most of the construction work occurs outside of the regular laboratory period. The structures are tested for strength a week before the earthquake occurs - can they support the required load for each floor? On earthquake day, the buildings a tested for a "design earthquake" and then each group is given the opportunity to see how "large" and earthquake their structure can withstand - both in terms of frequency and amplitude variations. In addition to building the structure, each team has to submit a paper reflecting on why they designed and built the structure the way they did.

Malinconico, Lawrence L.

300

Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities: 2001. Detailed Statistical Tables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information on the amount of science and engineering (S&E) research space existing at U.S. colleges, universities, and nonprofit biomedical research institutions based on research data collected biennially through the National Science Foundation. Data are also provided on the adequacy of this research space to meet current

National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Studies.

301

Post-earthquake ignition vulnerability assessment of Kkekmece District  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a geographic information system (GIS)-based model was developed to calculate the post-earthquake ignition probability of a building, considering damage to the building's interior gas and electrical distribution system and the overturning of appliances. In order to make our model more reliable and realistic, a weighting factor was used to define the possible existence of each appliance or other contents in the given occupancy. A questionnaire was prepared to weigh the relevance of the different components of post-earthquake ignitions using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP). The questionnaire was evaluated by researchers who were experienced in earthquake engineering and post-earthquake fires. The developed model was implemented to HAZTURK's (Hazards Turkey) earthquake loss assessment software, as developed by the Mid-America Earthquake Center with the help of Istanbul Technical University. The developed post-earthquake ignition tool was applied to Kkekmece, Istanbul, in Turkey. The results were evaluated according to structure types, occupancy types, the number of storeys, building codes and specified districts. The evaluated results support the theory that post-earthquake ignition probability is inversely proportional to the number of storeys and the construction year, depending upon the building code.

Yildiz, S. S.; Karaman, H.

2013-12-01

302

Post-earthquake ignition vulnerability assessment of Kkekmece District  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a Geographic Information System (GIS) based model was developed to calculate the post-earthquake ignition probability of a building, considering damage to the building's interior gas and electrical distribution system and the overturning of appliances. In order to make our model more reliable and realistic, a weighting factor was used to define the possible existence of each appliance or other contents in the given occupancy. A questionnaire was prepared to weigh the relevance of the different components of post-earthquake ignitions using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The questionnaire was evaluated by researchers who were experienced in earthquake engineering and post earthquake fires. The developed model was implemented to HAZTURK (Hazards Turkey) earthquake loss assessment software, as developed by Mid-America Earthquake Center with the help of Istanbul Technical University. The developed post-earthquake ignition tool was applied to Kkekmece, Istanbul in Turkey. The results were evaluated according to structure types, occupancy types, the number of storeys, building codes and specified districts. The evaluated results support the theory that post-earthquake ignition probability is inversely proportional to the number of storeys and the construction year, depending upon the building code.

Yildiz, S. S.; Karaman, H.

2013-05-01

303

Engineering knowledge exchange for translational research informatics.  

E-print Network

??Engineering effective knowledge exchange pathways between scientists and clinicians will accelerate the development and improvement of clinical treatments extracted from lab bench experiments. Many standards (more)

Mason-Blakley, F.

2010-01-01

304

Stirling engine research at national and university laboratories in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) reviewed research projects that are related to the development of Stirling engines and that are under way at Japanese national laboratories and universities. The research and development focused on component rather than on whole engine development. PNL obtained the information from a literature review and interviews conducted at the laboratories and universities. The universities have less equipment available and operate with smaller staffs for research than do the laboratories. In particular, the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory and the Aerospace Laboratory conduct high-quality component and fundamental work. Despite having less equipment, some of the researchers at the universities conduct high-quality fundamental research. As is typical in Japan, several of the university professors are very active in consulting and advisory capacities to companies engaged in Stirling engine development, and also with government and association advisory and technical committees. Contacts with these professors and selective examination of their research are good ways to keep abreast of Japanese Stirling developments.

Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-09-01

305

Storytelling in Engineering Education. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute for Scholarship on Engineering Education (ISEE) team of the Center for the Advancement of Engineering Education, designed and implemented a 120 minute interactive session called "Communities In Practice--What Are We Learning?" for the 2006 Frontiers in Education Conference in Indianapolis. Six story posters were provided by 8

Adams, Robin; Allendoerfer, Cheryl; Smith, Tori Rhoulac; Socha, David; Williams, Dawn; Yasuhara, Ken

2007-01-01

306

Mid-America Earthquake Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Understanding earthquakes is a complex process, and the Mid-Americ Earthquake Center is one of three national earthquake engineering research centers set up to work on a variety of approaches to a broad set of related scientific concerns. Based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Center consists of a consortium of nine core institutions and is funded by the National Science Foundation. The Center's primary work is within four areas, including information technology and consequence-based risk management frameworks. Recognizing that they serve a broad range of visitors to their website, the Center has established a number of informative introductions on their homepage for the general public, potential industry partners, members of the press, and K-12 educators. While a number of visitors may be interested in their technical reports and software packages, most visitors will want to look over the graduate and undergraduate teaching modules, which will be of great use to educators in the engineering and geophysical sciences and their students. Additionally, the Center's site provides access to a number of informative webcasts, including presentations on seismic performances of bridges.

307

Researches on direct injection in internal-combustion engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These researches present a solution for reducing the fatigue of the Diesel engine by permitting the preservation of its components and, at the same time, raising its specific horsepower to a par with that of carburetor engines, while maintaining for the Diesel engine its perogative of burning heavy fuel under optimum economical conditions. The feeding of Diesel engines by injection pumps actuated by engine compression achieves the required high speeds of injection readily and permits rigorous control of the combustible charge introduced into each cylinder and of the peak pressure in the resultant cycle.

Tuscher, Jean E

1941-01-01

308

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science  

E-print Network

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science Science and Engineering (CISE), Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science program supports the active involvement of K-12 science, technology, engineering, computer

Suzuki, Masatsugu

309

nEW HOriZOnS in EnginEEring rESEarcH Cross-Cutting Research Themes in the UW-Madison College of Engineering  

E-print Network

nEW HOriZOnS in EnginEEring rESEarcH Cross-Cutting Research Themes in the UW-Madison College selected as leaders for the majority of the research thrusts in the new Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery on new product development time, production lead-time; flexibility in responding to changes in demand

Sheridan, Jennifer

310

Discrimination between NTS explosions, earthquakes and the non-proliferation experiment at the Pinedale Seismic Research Facility  

SciTech Connect

As the United States moves into an atmosphere of concern about the spread of nuclear weapons to non-nuclear countries, the focus on monitoring nuclear explosions is changing from looking at specific test sites and yields to looking for tests of large and small yields from anywhere in the world. Discrimination of small events then becomes important and regional seismic monitoring the best method to detect and identify suspicious events. At the Pinedale Seismic Research Facility (PSRF) in Wyoming we have the opportunity to try different regional discriminants with nuclear tests from NTS, western US (W-US) earthquakes and the Non-Proliferation Experiment (NPE). Four discriminants that gave the best results in a study by Taylor et al. were tried: m{sub b}:M{sub s}, M{sub b}:M{sub s}{sup h}, log(L{sub g}/P{sub g}) and spectral ratios. The different discriminants were applied to the data (14 NTS explosions, the NPE, one Department of Defense (DOB) explosion and 34 NWS earthquakes) regardless of signal-to-noise. When the NTS explosions and NPE were only compared to four earthquakes located on or near the Test Site, all the discriminants except log(L{sub g}/P{sub g}) worked fairly well at PSRF. When the other WUS earthquakes and DOD explosion are included, only m{sub b}:M{sub s} shows any promise. Because of frequent physical variations in the earth`s crust, regional signals are complex and easily influenced by site and path characteristics. Looking at events from one specific area reduces the effects of the path, which is why three discriminants work well when the data set is restricted to events on or near NTS. The only discriminant not adversely affected from variations in path is m{sub b}:M{sub s}. This is probably because it is believed that source dimension, source time function and/or source mechanism is the cause for the differences between earthquakes and explosions with this discriminant, rather than any path effects.

Carr, D.

1994-09-01

311

Engineering research, development and technology thrust area report FY97  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to develop the knowledge base, process technologies, specialized equipment, tools and facilities to support current and future LLNL programs. Engineering's efforts are guided by a strategy that results in dual benefit: first, in support of Department of Energy missions, such as national security through nuclear deterrence; and second, in enhancing the collaboration with US industry and universities in pursuit of the most cost-effective engineering solutions to LLNL programs. To accomplish this mission, the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program has two important goals: (1) identify key technologies relevant to LLNL programs where they can establish unique competencies, and (2) conduct high-quality research and development to enhance their capabilities and establish themselves as the world leaders in these technologies. To focus engineering's efforts, technology thrust areas are identified and technical leaders are selected for each area. The thrust areas are comprised of integrated engineering activities, staffed by personnel from the nine electronics and mechanical engineering divisions, and from other LLNL organizations. This annual report, organized by thrust area, describes Engineering's activities for fiscal year 1997. The report provides timely summaries of objectives, methods, and key results from eight thrust areas: Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics; Computational Mechanics; Microtechnology; Manufacturing Technology; Materials Science and Engineering; Power Conversion Technologies; Nondestructive Evaluation; and Optical Engineering.

Langland, R T

1998-01-01

312

Numerical simulation of the Mw 6.6 Niigata, Japan, earthquake: Reliable input ground motion for engineering purpose  

E-print Network

Numerical simulation of the Mw 6.6 Niigata, Japan, earthquake: Reliable input ground motion numerical simulations of seismic wave propagation to understand the strong ground motion which has affected. Keywords: finite difference, wave propagation, 2007 Niigata-ken Chuetsu-Oki earthquake, input ground motion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a consortium of universities and research institutions dedicated to gathering information about earthquakes in Southern California, integrate that knowledge into a comprehensive and predictive understanding of earthquake phenomena, and communicate this understanding to end-users and the general public in order to increase earthquake awareness, reduce economic losses, and save lives. News of recent earthquake research, online resources and educational information is available here.

314

2007 Plant Metabolic Engineering Gordon Conference and Graduate Research Seminar  

SciTech Connect

Plant Metabolic Engineering is an emerging field that integrates a diverse range of disciplines including plant genetics, genomics, biochemistry, chemistry and cell biology. The Gordon-Kenan Graduate Research Seminar (GRS) in Plant Metabolic Engineering was initiated to provide a unique opportunity for future researcher leaders to present their work in this field. It also creates an environment allowing for peer-review and critical assessment of work without the intimidation usually associated with the presence of senior investigators. The GRS immediately precedes the Plant Metabolic Engineering Gordon Research Conference and will be for and by graduate students and post-docs, with the assistance of the organizers listed.

Erich Grotewold

2008-09-15

315

RESEARCH PROFILE Systems Engineering in the Enterprise  

E-print Network

competency particularly in aerospace and defense · Increased interdisciplinary emphasis as world becomes shifting interactions among powerful stakeholders who have competing interests, with no one effectively of Technology 7 Engineering Systems Four Important Perspectives 1. A very broad interdisciplinary perspective

de Weck, Olivier L.

316

Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates at Northwestern The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Northwestern  

E-print Network

Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Northwestern University offers a 9-week, paid summer research in science and engineering fields. Research areas include ceramics, polymers, nanocomposites, photonicsSummer Research Experience for Undergraduates at Northwestern University The Materials Research

Levine, Alex J.

317

Supporting research and technology for automotive Stirling engine development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technology advancement topics described are a part of the supporting research and technology (SRT) program conducted to support the major Stirling engine development program. This support focuses on developing alternatives or backups to the engine development in critical areas. These areas are materials, seals control, combustors and system analysis. Specific objectives and planned milestone schedules for future activities as now envisioned are described. These planned SRT activities are related to the timeline of the engine development program that they must support.

Tomazic, W. A.

1980-01-01

318

QANU Research Review Department of Biomedical Engineering at  

E-print Network

QANU Research Review Department of Biomedical Engineering at Eindhoven University of Technology November 2010 #12;QANU / Draft report Research Review Biomedical Technology /Q2452 Quality Assurance with the permission of QANU and if the source is mentioned. #12;QANU / Research Review Biomedical Technology / Q245 3

Franssen, Michael

319

Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities, 1999. Detailed Statistical Tables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The data in these tables are collected biennially through the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Congressionally mandated Survey of Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities. The 1999 survey was sent to research-performing colleges and universities in the United States and to U.S. biomedical research institutions that received National

National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Studies.

320

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2013-07-01

321

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2013-07-01

322

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2011-07-01

323

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2011-07-01

324

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2010-07-01

325

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2012-07-01

326

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2010-07-01

327

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2012-07-01

328

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2014-07-01

329

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2013-07-01

330

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

...2013-07-01 true Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2014-07-01

331

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2013-07-01

332

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2010-07-01

333

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2011-07-01

334

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2011-07-01

335

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2011-07-01

336

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2012-07-01

337

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2014-07-01

338

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2014-07-01

339

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2013-07-01

340

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2010-07-01

341

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2014-07-01

342

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2012-07-01

343

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2012-07-01

344

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2010-07-01

345

48 CFR 6.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services. 6.302-3...engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services. (a) Authority...engineering, research, or development capability to be provided by an educational...

2010-10-01

346

48 CFR 6.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services. 6.302-3...engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services. (a) Authority...engineering, research, or development capability to be provided by an educational...

2011-10-01

347

Supporting research and technology for automotive Stirling engine development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology advancement topics described are a part of the supporting research and technology (SRT) work being conducted to support the major Stirling engine development program. This support focuses on developing alternatives or backups to the engine development work in critical areas. These areas are materials, seals, controls, combustors, and system analysis. A brief status report on each of these

Tomazic

1980-01-01

348

Science & Engineering for Global Health 2014 CEND Research Fellowship  

E-print Network

Science & Engineering for Global Health 2014 CEND Research Fellowship The "Science & Engineering for Global Health" Fellowship provides $10, 000 for PhD candidates and postdocs interested background, aims, methods, global health significance · Curriculum Vitae (2 pages) · Budget (1 page): include

349

Power Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper  

E-print Network

Power Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper What is Reactive Power? Peter W-Champaign September 16, 2003 Engineering talk Reactive power is a quantity that is normally only defined time). In that sense, these are pulsating quantities. Because of this, the power being transmitted down

350

A treatise on order in engineering design research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering design research shows a rather fragmented, if not a chaotic, picture. But does it have a hidden order? Can we explore it, or should we impose a reasoning model? This paper looks for the answer in the purpose of engineering design. It is destined to sustain human existence and well being by virtual creation of artifacts and services for

Imre Horvth

2004-01-01

351

Career Pathways of Science, Engineering and Technology Research Postgraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suitably qualified scientists and engineers are essential for research and development, innovation and, in turn, the growth of the economy. Science, engineering and technology skills are therefore necessary for Australia to remain competitive in a global market. This article reports findings from a nationwide study investigating the career

Giles, Marnie; Ski, Chantal; Vrdoljak, Davorin

2009-01-01

352

Operation Research Methodologies in Industrial Engineering: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents the results of a survey taken among members of the Operations Research Division of the American Institute of Industrial Engineers as to perceived utility and familiarity with twelve methodologies commonly used in Industrial Engineering practice. A modification to the method of majority rule for weighting the opinions of respondents, based upon their degree of familiarity or expertise,

Robert E. Shannon; S. Scott Long; Billy P. Buckles

1980-01-01

353

Market-implied spread for earthquake CAT bonds: financial implications of engineering decisions.  

PubMed

In the event of natural and man-made disasters, owners of large-scale infrastructure facilities (assets) need contingency plans to effectively restore the operations within the acceptable timescales. Traditionally, the insurance sector provides the coverage against potential losses. However, there are many problems associated with this traditional approach to risk transfer including counterparty risk and litigation. Recently, a number of innovative risk mitigation methods, termed alternative risk transfer (ART) methods, have been introduced to address these problems. One of the most important ART methods is catastrophe (CAT) bonds. The objective of this article is to develop an integrative model that links engineering design parameters with financial indicators including spread and bond rating. The developed framework is based on a four-step structural loss model and transformed survival model to determine expected excess returns. We illustrate the framework for a seismically designed bridge using two unique CAT bond contracts. The results show a nonlinear relationship between engineering design parameters and market-implied spread. PMID:20849401

Damnjanovic, Ivan; Aslan, Zafer; Mander, John

2010-12-01

354

New research and concepts in turbo-jet engine design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a brief overview of some new concepts and research results concerning aerodynamic computation and design of jet-propulsion engines with emphasis on turbomachinery (TM) developed in China, without any attempt to be exhaustive.

Gao-Lian Liu; Ji-Huan He

1997-01-01

355

Daryl B. Simons--Hydraulic Engineer, Researcher, and Educator  

E-print Network

FORUM Daryl B. Simons--Hydraulic Engineer, Researcher, and Educator Nani Bhowmik, P.E., M@engr.colostate.edu Introduction Daryl B. Simons is remembered for his hard work, dedication, and perseverance as an hydraulic

356

S E R I E S SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES  

E-print Network

-shaped unreinforced Masonry shear walls including Acoustic Isolation Devices #12;SEISMIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES FOR EUROPEAN SYNERGIES · Fast evolution of contemporary masonry architecture (North- Western masonry architecture (North- Western European area): Requirement for energy performances C. Mordant, M

357

2014 Undergraduate Research Conference Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Symposium  

E-print Network

2014 Undergraduate Research Conference Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Symposium First Physics/Mathematics Project Title: Analyzing Heavy Photon Search Simulations to Determine the Potential for Simplified Bluetooth Communication Author: Scott Cypher Advisor: Radim Bartos 2014 URC-Interdisciplinary

New Hampshire, University of

358

Engineering research progress report, October 1983-March 1984  

SciTech Connect

Our intent in this progress report is to provide a summary of the activities pursued by members of the Mechanical Engineering (ME) Department's Engineering Research Program. The Program's mission is to do research for specific applications in mechanical-engineering fields that are of immediate or potential interest to the Laboratory. The FY84 Program comprises nine projects in four thrust areas in the ME Department. The thrust areas are: Surface Measurements and Characterization; Fabrication Technology; Materials Characterization and Behavior; and Computer-Aided Engineering. In the past, our research was supported almost exclusively by weapons programs; recently, however, we significantly increased our involvement in other Laboratory programs as well. In response to this change, we have established new procedures and guidelines for the submission, review, and selection of research proposals.

Woo, H.H.; Cherniak, J.C.; Hymer, J.D.; Kamelgarn, M.B. (eds.)

1984-08-01

359

34. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL TUBE (FRONT VIEW). - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

360

35. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL TUBE (SIDE VIEW). - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

361

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NSERC/CRSNG: The Internet server at the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) offers bilingual, Internet access to NSERC news and publications, including some of their guides and newsletters.

362

Engineering therapeutic processes: from research to commodity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three of the most important forces driving medical care are: patient specificity, treatment specificity and the move from discovery to design. Engineers while trained in specificity, efficiency, and design are often not trained in either biology or medical processes. Yet they are increasing critical to medical care. For example, modern medical imaging at US hospitals generates 1 exabyte (10^18 bytes) of data per year clearly beyond unassisted human analysis. It is not desirable to involve engineers in the acquisition, storage and analysis of this data, it is essential. While in the past we have nibbled around the edges of medical care, it is time and perhaps past time to insert ourselves more squarely into medical processes, making them more efficient, more specific and more robust. This requires engineers who understand biology and physicians who are willing to step away from classic medical thinking to try new approaches. But once the idea is proven in a laboratory, it must move into use and then into common practice. This requires additional engineering to make the process robust to noisy data and imprecise practices as well as workflow analysis to get the new technique into operating and treatment rooms. True innovation and true translation will require physicians, engineers, other medical stakeholders and even corporate involvement to take a new, important idea and move it not just to a patient but to all patients.

Galloway, Robert L.

2014-03-01

363

Dear Colleague Letter-Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC), Engineering Research Centers (ERC), Program Director (Closes: 05/02/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC), Engineering Research Centers (ERC) Program ... Research Centers (ERC) Program team, within the Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC ...

364

Dear Colleague Letter-Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC), Engineering Research Centers (ERC), Program Director (Closes: 10/15/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC), Engineering Research Centers (ERC) Program ... Research Centers (ERC) Program team, within the Division of Engineering Education and Centers (EEC ...

365

Steam engine research for solar parabolic dish  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The parabolic dish solar concentrator provides an opportunity to generate high grade energy in a modular system. Most of the capital is projected to be in the dish and its installation. Assurance of a high production demand of a standard dish could lead to dramatic cost reductions. High production volume in turn depends upon maximum application flexibility by providing energy output options, e.g., heat, electricity, chemicals and combinations thereof. Subsets of these options include energy storage and combustion assist. A steam engine design and experimental program is described which investigate the efficiency potential of a small 25 kW compound reheat cycle piston engine. An engine efficiency of 35 percent is estimated for a 700 C steam temperature from the solar receiver.

Demler, R. L.

1981-01-01

366

Heat engine regenerators: Research status and needs  

SciTech Connect

The rapidly oscillating, variable density flows of regenerative heat engines provide a class of poorly understood unsteady flow and heat transfer problems. These problems are not currently amenable to direct experimental resolution. Experiences in engine development and test programs and efforts to develop analysis tools point to the regenerator as a key area of insufficient understanding. Focusing on flow and heat transfer in regenerators, this report discusses similarity parameters for the flows and reviews the experimental data currently available for Stirling analysis. Then a number of experimental results are presented from recent fundamental fluid mechanical and thermal investigations that shed additional light on the functioning of heat engine regenerators. Suggestions are made for approaches for further measurement and analysis efforts.

Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-08-01

367

FY03 Engineering Technology Reports Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the science and technology research and development efforts in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2003, and exemplifies Engineering's 50-year history of researching and developing the engineering technologies needed to support the Laboratory's missions. Engineering has been a partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, and has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and the technical resources developed through venues like the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD). This accomplishment is well summarized by Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow.'' Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out through two programs, the LDRD program and the ''Tech Base'' program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating those technologies and competencies that are cutting edge, or that require a significant level of research, or contain some unknown that needs to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to apply those technologies, or adapt them to a Laboratory need. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice.'' Therefore, the LDRD report covered here has a strong research emphasis. Areas that are presented all fall into those needed to accomplish our mission. For FY2003, Engineering's LDRD projects were focused on mesoscale target fabrication and characterization, development of engineering computational capability, material studies and modeling, remote sensing and communications, and microtechnology and nanotechnology for national security applications. Engineering's five Centers, in partnership with the Division Leaders and Department Heads, are responsible for guiding the science and technology investments for the Directorate. The Centers represent technology areas that have been identified as critical for the present and future work of the Laboratory, and are chartered to develop their respective areas. Their LDRD projects are the key resources to attain this competency, and, as such, nearly all of Engineering's portfolio falls under one of the five Centers. The Centers and their Directors are listed.

Minichino, C

2004-03-05

368

Research Institute for Networks & Communication Engineering Postdoctoral Researcher in Photonics  

E-print Network

of Electronic Engineering at Dublin City University. The institute has over 100 staff collaborating on a wide it by post to: Human Resources Department, Dublin City University, Dublin 9. Dublin City University

Humphrys, Mark

369

Overview: Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities, 1998  

NSF Publications Database

October 1999 Overview: Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities ... Overview: Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities, 1998 Portable ...

370

General Programmatic Terms and Conditions for Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC) Cooperative Agreements  

NSF Publications Database

... Programmatic Terms and Conditions for the Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC ... NSF Grants Officer. 2. Program Description: Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers ...

371

JOINT CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 7th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering (7CUEE) &  

E-print Network

ground motions contain pulses? Should the ground motions be input in a `worse case' fault-normal/fault in approximately the fault normal direction, although this is not always the case. Another near-fault effect, fling THE IMPACT OF NEAR-FAULT DIRECTIVITY Shrey K. Shahi 1) and Jack W. Baker2) 1) Graduate Research Assistant

Baker, Jack W.

372

Aeronautics researchers generate cracks that move as fast as the speed of sound, and resemble certain earthquake shear ruptures  

E-print Network

certain earthquake shear ruptures PASADENA-When a brittle material breaks, the resulting cracks tend applications, Rosakis says, because there is reason to believe that certain earthquakes can arise from similar seismologists with their models of earthquakes along shear faults, Rosakis believes. To test the idea, Rosakis

373

Recent Developments in U.S. Engine Noise Reduction Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aircraft engine noise research in the United States has made considerable progress over the past 10 years for both subsonic and supersonic flight applications. The Advanced Subsonic Technology (AST) Noise Reduction Program started in 1994 and will be completed in 2001 without major changes to program plans and funding levels. As a result, significant progress has been made toward the goal of reducing engine source noise by 6 EPNdB (Effective Perceived Noise level in decibels). This paper will summarize some of the significant accomplishments from the subsonic engine noise research performed over the past 10 years. The review is by no means comprehensive and only represents a sample of major accomplishments.

Bridges, James; Envia, Edmane; Huff, Dennis

2001-01-01

374

Visualization: Expanding Scientific and Engineering Research Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of scientific visualization to represent the solutions obtained in computational science and engineering is discussed. The short- and long-term needs of those who use visualization tools and those who create them are addressed. For the user a three-tiered model environment is beginning to emerge that categorizes visualization systems by such factors as power, cost, and software support. Workstations

Thomas A. Defanti; Maxine D. Brown; Bruce H. Mccormick

1989-01-01

375

Fusion Ignition Research Experiment Engineering Status Report  

E-print Network

January 2002 Contributors: T. Brown, R. Ellis, H.M. Fan, P. Heitzenroeder, C. Kessel, D. Meade, C of Contents 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Physics Objectives and Guidelines 3.0 General Design Requirements and Plans for FY 02 4.0 Design Configuration / Integration 5.0 Engineering Systems 5.1 TF Coils and Structures 5

376

Research Highlights 2008 Department of Structural Engineering  

E-print Network

: The Powell Lab's North building features a neon sculpture, "Vices and Virtues" by Bruce Nauman, part of UC to structural engineering by emphasizing and building on the commonality in materials, mechanics, and analysis Labs. This impressive facility is equipped a Blast Simulator (pictured at left) used to test

Wang, Deli

377

An Economic EnginE NIH Research, Employment, and the  

E-print Network

by NIH is embodied not just in new drugs, but in a wide range of goods and equipment, from cardiac stents and employment, much as NIH research laid the ba- sis, for example, of blood testing for substances. New drugs do equipment. But China now plans on buying enough of this equipment so as to leave it with one

378

Earthquake Myths  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site serves to belie several popular myths about earthquakes. Students will learn that most earthquakes do not occur in the early morning and one cannot be swallowed up by an earthquake. In addition, there is no such thing as earthquake weather and California is not falling into the ocean. On the more practical side, students can learn that good building codes do not insure good buildings, it is safer under a table than in a doorway during an earthquake, and most people do not panic during an earthquake.

379

Demand surge following earthquakes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Demand surge is understood to be a socio-economic phenomenon where repair costs for the same damage are higher after large- versus small-scale natural disasters. It has reportedly increased monetary losses by 20 to 50%. In previous work, a model for the increased costs of reconstruction labor and materials was developed for hurricanes in the Southeast United States. The model showed that labor cost increases, rather than the material component, drove the total repair cost increases, and this finding could be extended to earthquakes. A study of past large-scale disasters suggested that there may be additional explanations for demand surge. Two such explanations specific to earthquakes are the exclusion of insurance coverage for earthquake damage and possible concurrent causation of damage from an earthquake followed by fire or tsunami. Additional research into these aspects might provide a better explanation for increased monetary losses after large- vs. small-scale earthquakes.

Olsen, Anna H.

2012-01-01

380

Earthquake relief in less industrialized areas  

SciTech Connect

This symposium was organized by the Swiss Society of Engineers and Architects and by the Specialized Group for Bridge and Structural Engineering. Authors are specialists from private and governmental disaster relief organizations, earthquake engineers and suppliers of products for rescue operations and reconstruction. Case histories include; Economic consequences of earthquakes; Reconstruction with indigenous and intermediate technology; General aspects of relief operations and reconstruction.

Not Available

1984-01-01

381

Research on groundwater radon as a fluid phase precursor to earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater radon monitoring work carried out in southern California by the University of Southern California since 1974 is summarized here. This effort began with a sampling network over a locked segment of the San Andreas fault from Tejon to Cajon and was later expanded to cover part of the southern Transverse Mountain ranges. Groundwater samples were brought back weekly to the laboratory for high precision scintillation counting. Needs for more frequent sampling and less labor prompted the development of an economical and field worthy instrument known as the continuous radon monitor. About 10 have been installed in the network since early 1980. The groundwater radon content was found to show anomalous increases (mostly at a single station) before a number of moderate and nearby earthquakes. Our work is hampered by a lack of large earthquakes that may have a regional impact on radon anomalies and by the complexity of the underground hydrological regime. To circumvent this difficulty, we have chosen to monitor only deep artesian wells or hot spring wells.

Teng, T.; Sun, L.

1986-11-10

382

Response of a 14-story Anchorage, Alaska, building in 2002 to two close earthquakes and two distant Denali fault earthquakes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The recorded responses of an Anchorage, Alaska, building during four significant earthquakes that occurred in 2002 are studied. Two earthquakes, including the 3 November 2002 M7.9 Denali fault earthquake, with epicenters approximately 275 km from the building, generated long trains of long-period (>1 s) surface waves. The other two smaller earthquakes occurred at subcrustal depths practically beneath Anchorage and produced higher frequency motions. These two pairs of earthquakes have different impacts on the response of the building. Higher modes are more pronounced in the building response during the smaller nearby events. The building responses indicate that the close-coupling of translational and torsional modes causes a significant beating effect. It is also possible that there is some resonance occurring due to the site frequency being close to the structural frequency. Identification of dynamic characteristics and behavior of buildings can provide important lessons for future earthquake-resistant designs and retrofit of existing buildings. ?? 2004, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Celebi, M.

2004-01-01

383

National Resources Canada: National Earthquake Hazards Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Natural Resources Canada comes the National Earthquake Hazards Program Web site. Those interested in earthquakes in general or specifically about physical science topics in Canada will appreciate the many informational offerings on the site. Readers can learn about historical earthquakes in Canada and how frequent they are, find out how earthquake hazards are evaluated, how to survive an earthquake, earthquake research in Canada, and much more. The Products and Publications link contains several interesting downloadable reports including monthly earthquake summaries, among others. All of these culminate in an interesting accumulation of seismic information and facts presented in a straightforward and easily read format.

384

Researchers Dispute Notion that America Lacks Scientists and Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers who track the American labor market told Congress last week that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the United States has more than enough scientists and engineers and that federal agencies and universities should reform the way they train young scientists to better match the supply of scientists with the demand for researchers. At a

Monastersky, Richard

2007-01-01

385

13th Annual Transportation Engineering and Road Research Alliance (TERRA)  

E-print Network

13th Annual Sponsor: Transportation Engineering and Road Research Alliance (TERRA) Cosponsors: Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) Minnesota Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP Association State Aid for Local Transportation, Mn/DOT Minnesota Local Road Research Board (LRRB) Pavement

Minnesota, University of

386

What do Engineering postgraduate research students know about industry work?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the views of two groups of stakeholders in the Engineering research education process. The findings of two studies are compared and contrasted, one exploring the views of research candidates and the other the views of employers about the preparedness and perceived value to industry of the Masters and PhD experience. The employer data revealed two types of

Karen Adams; Anthony Zander; Gerry Mullins

387

UncorrectedProof 1Wikis in Design Engineering Research  

E-print Network

UncorrectedProof 1Wikis in Design Engineering Research 2Filippo A. Sal AU1ustri and Janaka S. Weerasinghe 3Abstract Wiki technology has been successfully used for collaboration in various 4settings. Wikis design research occurs and how wikis 6can be used to support it. The authors observed, and report on

Salustri, Filippo A.

388

The stem cell and tissue engineering research in Chinese ophthalmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract,Much has been considerably developed recently inthe,ophthalmic ,research of stem ,cell (SC) and tissue engineering (TE). They have become ,closer to the clinical practice, standardized and observable. Leading edge research of SC and TE on the ocular surface reconstruction, neurore- generation and protection, and natural animal model has become increasingly available. However, challenges remain on the way, especially on the

Ge Jian Liu Jingbo

389

The stem cell and tissue engineering research in Chinese ophthalmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been considerably developed recently in the ophthalmic research of stem cell (SC) and tissue engineering (TE). They have become closer to the clinical practice, standardized and observable. Leading edge research of SC and TE on the ocular surface reconstruction, neurore- generation and protection, and natural animal model has become increasingly available. However, challenges remain on the way, especially

GE Jian

390

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program  

E-print Network

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program Request due to fire and smoke and the exits will be used to stress the buildings infrastructure. Empirical research and simulation modeling. Did you mentor a student last summer in the College REU Program? Yes

Mountziaris, T. J.

391

Development and Testing of Hypotheses in Engineering Design Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering Design Research (EDR) has yet to be fully established as a legit- imate field of inquiry. Design Researchers don't often cast their efforts into the scientific paradigm of hypothesis creation and testing, resulting in the present sit- uation where analysts and Scientists find little justification for EDR. The apparent lack of scholarly or intellectual content appears to be related

Erik K. Antonsson

1987-01-01

392

An overview of the Penn State Propulsion Engineering Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the Penn State Propulsion Engineering Research Center is presented. The following subject areas are covered: research objectives and long term perspective of the Center; current status and operational philosophy; and brief description of Center projects (combustion, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, materials compatibility, turbomachinery, and advanced propulsion concepts).

Merkle, Charles L.

1991-01-01

393

Kansei engineering research on the design of construction machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kansei engineering was used to research the relationship between design elements and Kansei sensibility values in the design of earth moving machinery. The research led to several findings concerning construction machinery design that take into account the effect of such human sensibilities as the motivation to operate or acquire, or factors of psychological comfort such as familiarity, attractiveness and comfort.

Kuniaki Nakada

1997-01-01

394

Genetic Engineering of Animals for Medical Research: Students' Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the results of a survey meant to ascertain the views of 16- to 18-year-old students (n=778) on using animals in medical research. Suggests that students have no greater objection to the use of genetically engineered animals over naturally bred animals in medical research. Contains 16 references. (Author/WRM)

Hill, Ruaraidh; Stanisstreet, Martin; O'Sullivan, Helen; Boyes, Edward

1999-01-01

395

Inside Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By watching this National Geographic video, you will witness the destructive power of earthquakes. You will watch home videos taken during earthquake tremors and you will go inside the Earth for the birth of a quake.

2010-01-01

396

EARTHQUAKES POWEROUTAGES  

E-print Network

TSUNAMI HURRICANES EARTHQUAKES POWEROUTAGES FIRE FOREMERGENCIES PREPAREFOREMERGENCIES Sign up in the event of a widespread disaster, such as a hurricane or earthquake. If a large area is affected, phone

397

Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Faculty Publications: Materials Research  

E-print Network

and Engineering Center University of Nebraska Lincoln Year 2001 Boron carbide/n-silicon carbide heterojunction://digitalcommons.unl.edu/mrsecfacpubs/57 #12;Boron carbide?n-silicon carbide heterojunction diodes S. Adenwallaa) Department of Physics are reported for a boron carbide/silicon carbide heterojunction diode. Current­voltage curves are obtained

398

Earthquakes Rock!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn the two main methods to measure earthquakes, the Richter Scale and the Mercalli Scale. They make a model of a seismographa measuring device that records an earthquake on a seismogram. Students also investigate which structural designs are most likely to survive an earthquake. And, they illustrate an informational guide to the Mercalli Scale.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

399

Virtual Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive feature shows students how an earthquake epicenter is located and how Richter magnitude is determined. They will use recordings of seismograms from three stations (provided in the activity), learn the difference between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, and that the magnitude of an earthquake is an estimate of the amount of energy that it has released.

Novak, Gary

400

Forecasting Earthquakes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this video there are scenes of damage from the Northridge Earthquake and interviews with Dr. Andrea Donnelan, Geophysics at JPL, and Dr. Jim Dolan, earthquake geologist from Cal. Tech. The interviews discuss earthquake forecasting by tracking changes in the earth's crust using antenna receiving signals from a series of satellites called the Global Positioning System (GPS).

1994-01-01

401

General aviation internal combustion engine research programs at NASA-Lewis Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An update is presented of non-turbine general aviation engine programs underway at the NASA-Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The program encompasses conventional, lightweight diesel and rotary engines. Its three major thrusts are: (a) reduced SFC's; (b) improved fuels tolerance; and (c) reducing emissions. Current and planned future programs in such areas as lean operation, improved fuel management, advanced cooling techniques and advanced engine concepts, are described. These are expected to lay the technology base, by the mid to late 1980's, for engines whose life cycle fuel costs are 30 to 50% lower than today's conventional engines.

Willis, E. A.

1978-01-01

402

Sharing Research Models: Using Software Engineering Practices for Facilitation  

PubMed Central

Increasingly, researchers are turning to computational models to understand the interplay of important variables on systems behaviors. Although researchers may develop models that meet the needs of their investigation, application limitationssuch as nonintuitive user interface features and data input specificationsmay limit the sharing of these tools with other research groups. By removing these barriers, other research groups that perform related work can leverage these work products to expedite their own investigations. The use of software engineering practices can enable managed application production and shared research artifacts among multiple research groups by promoting consistent models, reducing redundant effort, encouraging rigorous peer review, and facilitating research collaborations that are supported by a common toolset. This report discusses three established software engineering practices the iterative software development process, object-oriented methodology, and Unified Modeling Languageand the applicability of these practices to computational model development. Our efforts to modify the MIDAS TranStat application to make it more user-friendly are presented as an example of how computational models that are based on research and developed using software engineering practices can benefit a broader audience of researchers. PMID:21687780

Bryant, Stephanie P.; Solano, Eric; Cantor, Susanna; Cooley, Philip C.; Wagener, Diane K.

2011-01-01

403

Introduction to Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR) It is fair to say the industrial engineers and operations researchers cast the widest net of all  

E-print Network

Introduction to Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR) It is fair to say the industrial engineers and operations researchers cast the widest net of all engineers with regard themselves from others. In healthcare, for example, industrial engineers are more commonly known

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

404

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine research perspectives for pediatric surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine research is being aggressively pursued in attempts to develop biological substitutes\\u000a to replace lost tissue or organs. Remarkable degrees of success have been achieved in the generation of a variety of tissues\\u000a and organs as a result of concerted contributions by multidisciplinary groups in the field of biotechnology. Engineering of\\u000a an organ is a complex

Amulya K. Saxena

2010-01-01

405

Pollution prevention: Implications for engineering design, research, and education  

SciTech Connect

The role of engineers in the design of environmentally compatible products and industrial plants is discussed. Research is needed in the fields of waste reduction, development of biodegradable plastics, and in the reduction of particulate emissions by modification of particle size of pulverized coal. It is recommended that pollution control concepts be included in the normal engineering curricula of the separate disciplines and that selection and design of manufacturing processes and products include environmental constraints right from the start.

Friedlander, S.K.

1989-05-01

406

Fundamental heat transfer research for gas turbine engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thirty-seven experts from industry and the universities joined 24 NASA Lewis staff members in an exchange of ideas on trends in aeropropulsion research and technology, basic analyses, computational analyses, basic experiments, near-engine environment experiments, fundamental fluid mechanics and heat transfer, and hot technology as related to gas turbine engines. The workshop proceedings described include pre-workshop input from participants, presentations of current activity by the Lewis staff, reports of the four working groups, and a workshop summary.

Metzger, D. E. (editor)

1980-01-01

407

Tissue Engineering Organs for Space Biology Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Long-term manned space flight requires a better understanding of skeletal muscle atrophy resulting from microgravity. Atrophy most likely results from changes at both the systemic level (e.g. decreased circulating growth hormone, increased circulating glucocorticoids) and locally (e.g. decreased myofiber resting tension). Differentiated skeletal myofibers in tissue culture have provided a model system over the last decade for gaining a better understanding of the interactions of exogenous growth factors, endogenous growth factors, and muscle fiber tension in regulating protein turnover rates and muscle cell growth. Tissue engineering these cells into three dimensional bioartificial muscle (BAM) constructs has allowed us to extend their use to Space flight studies for the potential future development of countermeasures.

Vandenburgh, H. H.; Shansky, J.; DelTatto, M.; Lee, P.; Meir, J.

1999-01-01

408

Summaries of FY 1995 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

The individual engineering project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution and so the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1995. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1995 appears to the right of title; it is followed by the budget activity number. These numbers categorize the projects for budgetary purposes and the categories are described in the budget number index. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-mail address, where available. The fiscal year in which either the project began or was renewed and the anticipated duration in years are indicated respectively by the first two and last digits of the sequence directly below the budget activity number. The summary description of the project completes the entry.

NONE

1996-03-01

409

Virtual Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Virtual Earthquake was created by California State University, Los Angeles, as part of the Electronic Desktop Project. This virtual simulation allows students to locate the epicenter of an earthquake and determine its magnitude on the Richter scale. Students can choose from four geographic areas for their simulation. Virtual Earthquake carefully guides the student through the steps required to calculate the epicenter and to determine the magnitude of a simulated earthquake. The actual epicenter is provided along with the epicenter determined by the user. The user can then determine the magnitude of the earthquake as measured on the Richter scale.

1997-01-01

410

Research Overview Department of Fire Protection Engineering  

E-print Network

monitoring and prediction Wildland Fires WIFIRE ­ Real Time Wildfire Predictions Example of a test simulation responsible for wildland fire spread (new instabilities discovered) and characterize the process in a simple manner for operational firefighting. Wildland Fires Fundamental Wildland Fire Spread Research #12

Shapiro, Benjamin

411

Engineering Design Thinking and Information Gathering. Final Report. Research in Engineering and Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research was to explore the relationship between information access and design solution quality of high school students presented with an engineering design problem. This objective is encompassed in the research question driving this inquiry: How does information access impact the design process? This question has emerged in

Mentzer, Nathan

2011-01-01

412

Critical Inquiry into Urban African American Students' Perceptions of Engineering. Research in Engineering and Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to critically examine the perceptions that African-American high school students have towards engineering. A qualitative research design using criterion sampling and snowballing was used to select seven African-American students from urban high schools to participate in the research. Semi-structured interviews were

Denson, Cameron D.; Avery, Zanj K.; Schell, John W.

2007-01-01

413

The collaborative program of research in engineering sciences  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, the Energy Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) began a collaborative program of energy-related engineering research. This program was extended for another three years starting in January 1991. The program continues to pursue three broad goals: to perform quality research on energy-related technologies involved in industrial processes and productivity; to demonstrate the potential of collaborative programs between universities and the national laboratories; and to encourage the transfer of the technology developed to the industrial sector. This annual report describes progress at MIT under the MIT/INEL program during the past year.

Hardt, D.E. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Energy Lab.)

1992-09-01

414

FY04 Engineering Technology Reports Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the science and technology research and development efforts in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2004, and exemplifies Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's missions. Engineering has been a partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence and has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and the technical resources developed through venues like the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD). This accomplishment is well summarized by Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow''. Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out through two programs, the ''Tech Base'' program and the LDRD program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating those technologies and competencies that are cutting edge. These require a significant level of research or contain some unknown that needs to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to apply technologies to a Laboratory need. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice''. Therefore, the LDRD report covered here has a strong research emphasis. Areas that are presented all fall into those needed to accomplish our mission. For FY2004, Engineering's LDRD projects were focused on mesoscale target fabrication and characterization, development of engineering computational capability, material studies and modeling, remote sensing and communications, and microtechnology and nanotechnology for national security applications. Engineering's five Centers, in partnership with the Division Leaders and Department Heads, are responsible for guiding the long-term science and technology investments for the Directorate. The Centers represent technologies that have been identified as critical for the present and future work of the Laboratory, and are chartered to develop their respective areas. Their LDRD projects are the key resources to attain this competency, and, as such, nearly all of Engineering's portfolio falls under one of the five Centers. The Centers and their Directors are: (1) Center for Computational Engineering: Robert M. Sharpe; (2) Center for Microtechnology and Nanotechnology: Raymond P. Mariella, Jr.; (3) Center for Nondestructive Characterization: Harry E. Martz, Jr.; (4) Center for Precision Engineering: Keith Carlisle; and (5) Center for Complex Distributed Systems: Gregory J. Suski, Acting Director.

Sharpe, R M

2005-01-27

415

THE IMPACT OF THERMAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH ON GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE  

SciTech Connect

Global climate change is recognized by many people around the world as being one of the most pressing issues facing our society today. The thermal engineering research community clearly plays an important role in addressing this critical issue, but what kind of thermal engineering research is, or will be, most impactful? In other words, in what directions should thermal engineering research be targeted in order to derive the greatest benefit with respect to global climate change? To answer this question we consider the potential reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, coupled with potential economic impacts, resulting from thermal engineering research. Here a new model framework is introduced that allows a technological, sector-by-sector analysis of GHG emissions avoidance. For each sector, we consider the maximum reduction in CO2 emissions due to such research, and the cost effectiveness of the new efficient technologies. The results are normalized on a country-by-country basis, where we consider the USA, the European Union, China, India, and Australia as representative countries or regions. Among energy supply-side technologies, improvements in coal-burning power generation are seen as having the most beneficial CO2 and economic impacts. The one demand-side technology considered, residential space cooling, offers positive but limited impacts. The proposed framework can be extended to include additional technologies and impacts, such as water consumption.

Phelan, Patrick [Arizona State University; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Otanicar, Todd [University of Tulsa; Phelan, Bernadette [Phelan Research Solutions, Inc.; Prasher, Ravi [Arizona State University; Taylor, Robert [University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Tyagi, Himanshu [Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, India

2014-01-01

416

An International Undergraduate Research Experience in Sustainable Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburghs Swanson School of Engineering (Pitt) recently launched a new International Research Experience for Students Program (IRES) sponsored by the National Science Foundation in sustainable engineering research. The Pitt IRES program presents an innovative international research experience in sustainable design for a select group of undergraduate engineering students who have high potential to pursue graduate education. Interns in the IRES program participate in a 12-week summer internship where they join a multidiscipline research team focused on a complex sustainability problem. Each team is co-led by faculty from the Pitt and the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in Campinas, So Paolo, Brazil. The first year included eight preparatory weeks in Pittsburgh before traveling to Brazil for four weeks in residence at UNICAMP. The program concludes with the team preparing and presenting a final research report at the end of the summer. Interns have an opportunity to continue in the program for a second year. This paper discusses the experience during and after the first year of the IRES program at Pitt. It also discusses the research conducted during this first year focusing on sustainable drinking water systems. This will be a student-led presentation in which the students discuss their research and experiences with the program.

Larimer, Curtis

2009-10-28

417

Characterizing Interdisciplinarity of Researchers and Research Topics Using Web Search Engines  

PubMed Central

Researchers' networks have been subject to active modeling and analysis. Earlier literature mostly focused on citation or co-authorship networks reconstructed from annotated scientific publication databases, which have several limitations. Recently, general-purpose web search engines have also been utilized to collect information about social networks. Here we reconstructed, using web search engines, a network representing the relatedness of researchers to their peers as well as to various research topics. Relatedness between researchers and research topics was characterized by visibility boostincrease of a researcher's visibility by focusing on a particular topic. It was observed that researchers who had high visibility boosts by the same research topic tended to be close to each other in their network. We calculated correlations between visibility boosts by research topics and researchers' interdisciplinarity at the individual level (diversity of topics related to the researcher) and at the social level (his/her centrality in the researchers' network). We found that visibility boosts by certain research topics were positively correlated with researchers' individual-level interdisciplinarity despite their negative correlations with the general popularity of researchers. It was also found that visibility boosts by network-related topics had positive correlations with researchers' social-level interdisciplinarity. Research topics' correlations with researchers' individual- and social-level interdisciplinarities were found to be nearly independent from each other. These findings suggest that the notion of interdisciplinarity" of a researcher should be understood as a multi-dimensional concept that should be evaluated using multiple assessment means. PMID:22719935

Sayama, Hiroki; Akaishi, Jin

2012-01-01

418

Geotechnical aspects of the January 2003 Tecoma??n, Mexico, earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ground failure was the most prominent geotechnical engineering feature of the 21 January 2003 Mw 7.6 Tecoma??n earthquake. Ground failure impacted structures, industrial facilities, roads, water supply canals, and other critical infrastructure in the state of Colima and in parts of the neighboring states of Jalisco and Michoaca??n. Landslides and soil liquefaction were the most common type of ground failure, followed by seismic compression of unsaturated materials. Reinforced earth structures generally performed well during the earthquake, though some structures experienced permanent lateral deformations up to 10 cm. Different ground improvement techniques had been used to enhance the liquefaction resistance of several sites in the region, all of which performed well and exhibited no signs of damage or significant ground deformation. Earth dams in the region experienced some degree of permanent deformation but remained fully functional after the earthquake. ?? 2005, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Wartman, J.; Rodriguez-Marek, A.; Macari, E.J.; Deaton, S.; Ramirez-Reynaga, M.; Ochoa, C.N.; Callan, S.; Keefer, D.; Repetto, P.; Ovando-Shelley, E.

2005-01-01

419

An overview of NASA intermittent combustion engine research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper overviews the current program, whose objective is to establish the generic technology base for advanced aircraft I.C. engines of the early 1990's and beyond. The major emphasis of this paper is on development of the past two years. Past studies and ongoing confirmatory experimental efforts are reviewed, which show unexpectly high potential when modern aerospace technologies are applied to inherently compact and balanced I.C. engine configurations. Currently, the program is focussed on two engine concepts the stratified-charge, multi-fuel rotary, and the lightweight two-stroke diesel. A review is given of contracted and planned high performance one-rotor and one-cylinder test engine work addressing several levels of technology. Also reviewed are basic supporting efforts, e.g., the development and experimental validation of computerized airflow and combustion process models, being performed in-house at Lewis Research Center and by university grants.

Willis, E. A.; Wintucky, W. T.

1984-01-01

420

Earthquakes Living Lab: Designing for Disaster  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about factors that engineers take into consideration when designing buildings for earthquake-prone regions. Using online resources and simulations available through the Earthquakes Living Lab, students explore the consequences of subsurface ground type and building height on seismic destruction. Working in pairs, students think like engineers to apply what they have learned to sketches of their own building designs intended to withstand strong-magnitude earthquakes. A worksheet serves as a student guide for the activity.

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

421

The stem cell and tissue engineering research in Chinese ophthalmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been considerably developed recently in the ophthalmic research of stem cell (SC) and tissue engineering (TE). They\\u000a have become closer to the clinical practice, standardized and observable. Leading edge research of SC and TE on the ocular\\u000a surface reconstruction, neuroregeneration and protection, and natural animal model has become increasingly available. However,\\u000a challenges remain on the way, especially on

Jian Ge; Jingbo Liu

2007-01-01

422

The 1868 Hayward Earthquake Alliance: A Case Study - Using an Earthquake Anniversary to Promote Earthquake Preparedness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Last October 21st marked the 140th anniversary of the M6.8 1868 Hayward Earthquake, the last damaging earthquake on the southern Hayward Fault. This anniversary was used to help publicize the seismic hazards associated with the fault because: (1) the past five such earthquakes on the Hayward Fault occurred about 140 years apart on average, and (2) the Hayward-Rodgers Creek Fault system is the most likely (with a 31 percent probability) fault in the Bay Area to produce a M6.7 or greater earthquake in the next 30 years. To promote earthquake awareness and preparedness, over 140 public and private agencies and companies and many individual joined the public-private nonprofit 1868 Hayward Earthquake Alliance (1868alliance.org). The Alliance sponsored many activities including a public commemoration at Mission San Jose in Fremont, which survived the 1868 earthquake. This event was followed by an earthquake drill at Bay Area schools involving more than 70,000 students. The anniversary prompted the Silver Sentinel, an earthquake response exercise based on the scenario of an earthquake on the Hayward Fault conducted by Bay Area County Offices of Emergency Services. 60 other public and private agencies also participated in this exercise. The California Seismic Safety Commission and KPIX (CBS affiliate) produced professional videos designed forschool classrooms promoting Drop, Cover, and Hold On. Starting in October 2007, the Alliance and the U.S. Geological Survey held a sequence of press conferences to announce the release of new research on the Hayward Fault as well as new loss estimates for a Hayward Fault earthquake. These included: (1) a ShakeMap for the 1868 Hayward earthquake, (2) a report by the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics forecasting the number of employees, employers, and wages predicted to be within areas most strongly shaken by a Hayward Fault earthquake, (3) new estimates of the losses associated with a Hayward Fault earthquake, (4) new ground motion simulations of a Hayward Fault earthquake, (5) a new USGS Fact Sheet about the earthquake and the Hayward Fault, (6) a virtual tour of the 1868 earthquake, and (7) a new online field trip guide to the Hayward Fault using locations accessible by car and public transit. Finally, the California Geological Survey and many other Alliance members sponsored the Third Conference on Earthquake Hazards in the East Bay at CSU East Bay in Hayward for the three days following the 140th anniversary. The 1868 Alliance hopes to commemorate the anniversary of the 1868 Hayward Earthquake every year to maintain and increase public awareness of this fault, the hazards it and other East Bay Faults pose, and the ongoing need for earthquake preparedness and mitigation.

Brocher, T. M.; Garcia, S.; Aagaard, B. T.; Boatwright, J. J.; Dawson, T.; Hellweg, M.; Knudsen, K. L.; Perkins, J.; Schwartz, D. P.; Stoffer, P. W.; Zoback, M.

2008-12-01

423

Engineering research, development and technology. Thrust area report, FY93  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to develop the technical staff, tools, and facilities needed to support current and future LLNL programs. The efforts are guided by a dual-benefit research and development strategy that supports Department of Energy missions, such as national security through nuclear deterrence and economic competitiveness through partnerships with U.S. industry. This annual report, organized by thrust area, describes the activities for the fiscal year 1993. The report provides timely summaries of objectives, methods, and results from nine thrust areas for this fiscal year: Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics; Computational Mechanics; Diagnostics and Microelectronics; Fabrication Technology; Materials Science and Engineering; Power Conversion Technologies; Nondestructive Evaluation; Remote Sensing, Imaging, and Signal Engineering; and Emerging Technologies. Separate abstracts were prepared for 47 papers in this report.

Not Available

1994-05-01

424

* Correspondence to: Thomas Brinsmead, Department of Systems Engineering, Research School of Information Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia.  

E-print Network

of Information Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia. RE Engineering, Research School of Information Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra

Morse, A. Stephen

425

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program  

E-print Network

clear, this research provides invaluable information not only for civil engineers but also for urban the extent of structural failure 5. Write a final report on the completed activities, prepare a poster's thesis, conference presentations, manuscripts, papers, etc. Describe accomplishments to date as well

Mountziaris, T. J.

426

Advanced materials research for long-haul aircraft turbine engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The status of research efforts to apply low to intermediate temperature composite materials and advanced high temperature materials to engine components is reviewed. Emerging materials technologies and their potential benefits to aircraft gas turbines were emphasized. The problems were identified, and the general state of the technology for near term use was assessed.

Signorelli, R. A.; Blankenship, C. P.

1978-01-01

427

SMART LIGHTING ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER Dr. Shiv Kalyanaraman  

E-print Network

SMART LIGHTING ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER Presents Dr. Shiv Kalyanaraman Chief Scientist, IBM exciting opportunities for deploying Smart Lighting, sensor networks and controls systems in advanced transportation management systems. The Smart Lighting ERC is pleased to host Rensselaer Alum and former ECSE

Linhardt, Robert J.

428

The University of Maryland Materials Research Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

The University of Maryland Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) is part on the University of Maryland MRSEC, visit http://mrsec.umd.edu About the MRSEC Email: mrsec@umd.edu Phone: 301.405.8349 Fax: 301.405.7993 Web: http://mrsec.umd.edu/ 2120 John S. Toll Physics Bldg. University of Maryland

Rubloff, Gary W.

429

Maryland Engineering Research Internship Teams (MERIT) Robot Interaction Using Cricket,  

E-print Network

Maryland Engineering Research Internship Teams (MERIT) Robot Interaction Using Cricket, an Indoor Positioning System Project by Hosam Haggag University of Maryland, College Park Golbarg Mehraei Virginia Commonwealth University Project Advisor P.S. Krishnaprasad, Ph.D. University of Maryland, College Park

430

NC Science & Engineering Fair Home Inspiring Innovation in Student Research  

E-print Network

to promote science literacy and encourage young people to consider science careers. The Foundation focusesNC Science & Engineering Fair Home Inspiring Innovation in Student Research NC Science Wickliff abwickli@uncc.edu 704.687.8818 About NC Science Fair Foundation (NCSFF) NCSFF is a not

Thaxton, Christopher S.

431

ENGINEERING FEATURES OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE)  

E-print Network

ENGINEERING FEATURES OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE) R.J. Thomea and P.J. Heitzenroederb for the FIRE Design Team a MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, 185 Albany St, Cambridge, MA, USA Box 451, Princeton, NJ, USA 08543 The FIRE tokamak is an option for the next step in the US magnetic

432

ENGINEERING STATUS OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE)  

E-print Network

ENGINEERING STATUS OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE) Philip J. Heitzenroeder Dale 08543 Cambridge, MA 02139 (609)-243-3043 (609)-243-3301 (617)-253-8155 For the FIRE Project Team ABSTRACT FIRE is a compact, high field tokamak being studied as an option for the next step in the US

433

Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Domestic Travel Procedures  

E-print Network

, which is available online at http://mrsec.umd.edu/Members/Travel/Travel_Approval_Request.pdf a, which is available online at http://mrsec.umd.edu/Members/Travel/Travel_Expense_Statement.pdf HINTMaterials Research Science and Engineering Center Domestic Travel Procedures Last Updated: 05

Rubloff, Gary W.

434

Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Foreign Travel Procedures  

E-print Network

apply. Before You Travel: 1. Complete the Travel Approval Request form, which is available online online at http://mrsec.umd.edu/Members/Travel/Travel_Expense_Statement.pdf HINT: For meals covered by perMaterials Research Science and Engineering Center Foreign Travel Procedures Last Updated: 05

Rubloff, Gary W.

435

2. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. HYDRAULIC ENGINEER PILOTING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. HYDRAULIC ENGINEER PILOTING VIDEO-CONTROLED BOAT MODEL FROM CONTROL TRAILER. NOTE VIEW FROM BOAT-MOUNTED VIDEO CAMERA SHOWN ON MONITOR, AND MODEL WATERWAY VISIBLE THROUGH WINDOW AT LEFT. - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

436

1. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN WITH VIDEO-CONTROLED MODEL BOAT IN MODEL NAVIGATION CHANNEL. NOTE CONTROL TRAILER IN BACKGROUND. - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

437

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING  

E-print Network

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING THE UNIVERSITY; Legal Aspects of Drainage in New En~land; Detergent in Water; PCB in Water; Mercury in Water) water quality and non-point source control, and (4) water supply. The Water Programs Operations Office

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

438

Undergraduate research and new laboratory practices in power engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent NSF Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) grant supported the adaptation and creation of activities that connect power engineering theory to actual scaled-implementations at the University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez (UPRM). To this end, laboratory practices and undergraduate research projects were conducted at the new Energy Systems Instrumentation Laboratory (ESIL). Activities at ESIL include: traditional laboratory practices; laboratory practices

Efran O'Neill-Carrillo; Tania Martnez-Navedo; Jos Ramos; Miguel Vlez-Reyes; Eddie Marrero

2002-01-01

439

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING  

E-print Network

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING THE UNIVERSITY of Land Treatment Related to Increasing Water Use Efficiency and Storage Efficiency of Rainfall Dr. Howard, rainfall machinery time requirements, soil temperature and crop yield data were collected on a sustained

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

440

Research and Development of MIS for Port & Waterway Engineering Supervision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research introduces the process of PWESMIS based on the network information technology and the port & waterway engineering supervision experiences, and expatiates the main functions, flow of data and specialty of technology of the system. The result of testing operation indicates that the PWESMIS is of great practical significance.

Zhao Liping; Wang Wei; Tang Weidai; Zhang Chunsheng

2009-01-01

441

EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL RISK REDUCTION ENGINEERING LABORATORY RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM - ABSTRACT PROCEEDINGS  

EPA Science Inventory

This document contains the extended abstracts (3 to 5 pages) of formal presentations scheduled for the 1992 Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory to be held in April, 1992. hese abstracts highlight the ongoing research activities and results for work sponsored by the Laboratory. ...

442

ChE Undergraduate Research Projects in Biomedical Engineering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an undergraduate research program in biomedical engineering at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Includes goals and faculty comments on the program. Indicates that 58 percent of projects conducted between 1976 and 1980 have been presented at meetings or published. (SK)

Stroeve, Pieter

1981-01-01

443

Research News Engineering Microtools in Polymers to Study Cell Biology  

E-print Network

Research News Engineering Microtools in Polymers to Study Cell Biology By Xingyu Jiang and George M]. This article outlines some newly developed methods for studying cell biology with spatially well of cell biology. 2 Using Molecularly Defined, Patterned Surfaces to Control the Attachment and Spreading

Prentiss, Mara

444

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program  

E-print Network

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program Request system of surgical tubing and valves. Smoke will be injected into a section used to track air flow are a definite plus. Did you mentor a student last summer in the College REU Program? Yes____ No _X___ If yes

Mountziaris, T. J.

445

The Future of Empirical Methods in Software Engineering Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the vision that for all fields of software engineering (SE), empirical research methods should enable the development of scientific knowledge about how useful different SE technologies are for different kinds of actors, performing different kinds of activities, on different kinds of systems. It is part of the vision that such scientific knowledge will guide the develop- ment of

Dag I. K. Sjberg; Tore Dyb; Magne Jrgensen

2007-01-01

446

The Future of Empirical Methods in Software Engineering Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the vision that for all fields of software engineering (SE), empirical research methods should enable the development of scientific knowledge about how useful different SE technologies are for different kinds of actors, performing different kinds of activities, on different kinds of systems. It is part of the vision that such scientific knowledge will guide the development of new

D. I. K. Sjoberg; Tore Dyb; M. Jorgensen

2007-01-01

447

When Software Engineers Met Research Scientists: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a case study of software engineers developing a library of software components for a group of research scientists, using a traditional, staged, document-led methodology. The case study reveals two problems with the use of the methodology. The first is that it demands an upfront articulation of require- ments, whereas the scientists had experience, and hence expectations, of

Judith Segal; Marvin Zelkowitz

2005-01-01

448

Experiment Research of Autonomous Driving Valve for Pulse Detonation Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research proposed the principle of the autonomous driving valve and manufactured the experimental model. This valve composed of only three parts: a piston, a cylinder, and a spring. It is extremely simple and expected mass flow per unit mass is high. In fact, it is specialized for Pulse Detonation Rocket Engine. We established the mechanical model of the valve

Ken Matsuoka

2008-01-01

449

Power Systems Engineering Research Center Renewable Electricity Futures  

E-print Network

Power Systems Engineering Research Center Renewable Electricity Futures Trieu Mai Electricity of the extent to which renewable energy supply can meet the electricity demands of the contiguous United States renewable electricity generation levels: from 30% up to 90% (focusing on 80%) of all U.S. electricity

Van Veen, Barry D.

450

Delft University of Technology Software Engineering Research Group  

E-print Network

Invariant-Based Automatic Testing of AJAX User Interfaces Ali Mesbah and Arie van Deursen Report TUD is a pre-print of: Ali Mesbah and Arie van Deursen. Invariant-Based Automatic Testing of AJAX User;Invariant-Based Automatic Testing of AJAX User Interfaces Ali Mesbah Software Engineering Research Group

Mesbah, Ali

451

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housed at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center reports and provides information on seismic activity in Alaska. While its southern Pacific coast colleague, California, gets a lot more attention when it comes to earthquakes, Alaska experienced a magnitude 6.7 earthquake already this summer and was rocked by a 7.9 in 2002. The site offers links to general information about the center, general earthquake information, research activities at the center, education and outreach materials (including information on seismology education projects), and much more. The site is well populated with materials and should provide a great resources for those interested in North American seismic events.

452

Formulating a Concept Base for Secondary Level Engineering: A Review and Synthesis. Research in Engineering and Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to identify and refine a conceptual foundation for secondary school engineering education. Specifically, this study sought to address the following research questions: (1) What engineering concepts are present in literature related to the nature and philosophy of engineering?; (2) What engineering concepts are embedded

Custer, Rodney L.; Daugherty, Jenny L.; Meyer, Joseph P.

2009-01-01

453

Tenure track positions in systems engineering In response to growing Navy demands for systems engineering education and research,  

E-print Network

Tenure track positions in systems engineering In response to growing Navy demands for systems engineering education and research, the Naval Postgraduate School is expanding its systems engineering faculty. The Department of Systems Engineering is ranked as the 20th graduate program in the nation by USNWR

454

Building the Future SERIES Seismic Engineering research infrastructures for European synergies  

E-print Network

the Future Eurocode 8 Design of structures forEurocode 8 - Design of structures for earthquake resistance to very good) Research needs: · Development of design rules for "equivalent frames" Research needs Building the Future S i i d i l f t dSeismic design rules for prestressed concrete elements The use

455

Hidden earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

Seismologists generally look for earthquakes to happen along visible fault lines, e.g., the San Andreas fault. The authors maintain that another source of dangerous quakes has been overlooked: the release of stress along a fault that is hidden under a fold in the earth's crust. The paper describes the differences between an earthquake which occurs on a visible fault and one which occurs under an anticline and warns that Los Angeles greatest earthquake threat may come from a small quake originating under downtown Los Angeles, rather than a larger earthquake which occurs 50 miles away at the San Andreas fault.

Stein, R.S.; Yeats, R.S.

1989-06-01

456

Izmit Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab allows students to look at variety of data from the North Anatolian fault in Turkey. Specifically, students have the oportunity to: interpret seismograms from the Izmit earthquake in 1999 (while accessing some seismograph station information from IRIS) make and interpret an earthquake focal mechanism solution based on these seismograms locate the earthquake epicenter calculate the moment magnitude of the earthquake using published data showing epicenter locations and displacement measurements intepret historical data from the North Anatolian fault and tectonic-scale plate motion information to see what patterns occur in the regional seismicity.

Sarah Titus

457

Initiatives to Reduce Earthquake Risk of Developing Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The seventeen-year-and-counting history of the Palo Alto-based nonprofit organization GeoHazards International (GHI) is the story of many initiatives within a larger initiative to increase the societal impact of geophysics and civil engineering. GHI's mission is to reduce death and suffering due to earthquakes and other natural hazards in the world's most vulnerable communities through preparedness, mitigation and advocacy. GHI works by raising awareness in these communities about their risk and about affordable methods to manage it, identifying and strengthening institutions in these communities to manage their risk, and advocating improvement in natural disaster management. Some of GHI's successful initiatives include: (1) creating an earthquake scenario for Quito, Ecuador that describes in lay terms the consequences for that city of a probable earthquake; (2) improving the curricula of Pakistani university courses about seismic retrofitting; (3) training employees of the Public Works Department of Delhi, India on assessing the seismic vulnerability of critical facilities such as a school, a hospital, a police headquarters, and city hall; (4) assessing the vulnerability of the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives in Dharamsala, India; (5) developing a seismic hazard reduction plan for a nonprofit organization in Kathmandu, Nepal that works to manage Nepal's seismic risk; and (6) assisting in the formulation of a resolution by the Council of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to promote school earthquake safety among OECD member countries. GHI's most important resource, in addition to its staff and Board of Trustees, is its members and volunteer advisors, who include some of the world's leading earth scientists, earthquake engineers, urban planners and architects, from the academic, public, private and nonprofit sectors. GHI is planning several exciting initiatives in the near future. One would oversee the design and construction of an earthquake- and tsunami-resistant structure in Sumatra to house a tsunami museum, a community training center, and offices of a local NGO that is preparing Padang for the next tsunami. This facility would be designed and built by a team of US and Indonesian academics, architects, engineers and students. Another initiative would launch a collaborative research program on school earthquake safety with the scientists and engineers from the US and the ten Islamic countries that comprise the Economic Cooperation Organization. Finally, GHI hopes to develop internet and satellite communication techniques that will allow earthquake risk managers in the US to interact with masons, government officials, engineers and architects in remote communities of vulnerable developing countries, closing the science and engineering divide.

Tucker, B. E.

2008-12-01

458

Science and Engineering Research Semester (SERS) for undergraduate students  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE), through the Science and Energy Research Semester (SERS), provides unique research opportunities for upper-level undergraduate students at six national laboratories, which have established Science Education Centers. At each Science Education Center, SERS participants have the opportunity to become involved in hands-on'' research working with scientific teams engaged in long-range investigations and using advanced facilities/equipment. SERS research opportunities are available in biomedicine, chemistry, materials science, engineering, physics, environmental science, geoscience, mathematics, computer science, artificial intelligence, energy systems, and waste technology. SERS participates follow a program with three basic elements: (1) participation in ongoing national energy-related research; (2) training and experience in the operation of sophisticated, state-of-the-art equipment and instruments; and (3) seminars, workshops, and coursework designed to supplement the laboratory research experience.

Not Available

1990-12-01

459

Listening to Earthquakes with Infrasound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A tripartite infrasound array was installed to listen to earthquakes occurring along the Guy-Greenbrier fault in Arkansas. The active earthquake swarm is believed to be caused by deep waste water injections and will allow us to explain the mechanisms causing earthquake "booms" that have been heard during an earthquake. The array has an aperture of 50 meters and is installed next to the X301 seismograph station run by the Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI). This arrangement allows simultaneous recording of seismic and acoustic changes from the arrival of an earthquake. Other acoustic and seismic sources that have been found include thunder from thunderstorms, gunshots, quarry explosions and hydraulic fracturing activity from the local gas wells. The duration of the experiment is from the last week of June to the last week of September 2011. During the first month and a half, seven local earthquakes were recorded, along with numerous occurrences of the other infrasound sources. Phase arrival times of the recorded waves allow us to estimate wave slowness and azimuth of infrasound events. Using these two properties, we can determine whether earthquake "booms" occur at a site from the arrival of the P-wave or whether the earthquake "booms" occur elsewhere and travel through the atmosphere. Preliminary results show that the infrasound correlates well to the ground motion during an earthquake for frequencies below 15 Hertz.

Mucek, A. E.; Langston, C. A.

2011-12-01

460

NASA Space Engineering Research Center for VLSI systems design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This annual review reports the center's activities and findings on very large scale integration (VLSI) systems design for 1990, including project status, financial support, publications, the NASA Space Engineering Research Center (SERC) Symposium on VLSI Design, research results, and outreach programs. Processor chips completed or under development are listed. Research results summarized include a design technique to harden complementary metal oxide semiconductors (CMOS) memory circuits against single event upset (SEU); improved circuit design procedures; and advances in computer aided design (CAD), communications, computer architectures, and reliability design. Also described is a high school teacher program that exposes teachers to the fundamentals of digital logic design.

1991-01-01

461

AiResearch QCGAT engine: Acoustic test results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The noise levels of the quiet, general aviation turbofan (QCGAT) engine were measured in ground static noise tests. The static noise levels were found to be markedly lower than the demonstrably quiet AiResearch model TFE731 engine. The measured QCGAT noise levels were correlated with analytical noise source predictions to derive free-field component noise predictions. These component noise sources were used to predict the QCGAT flyover noise levels at FAR Part 36 conditions. The predicted flyover noise levels are about 10 decibels lower than the current quietest business jets.

Kisner, L. S.

1980-01-01

462

Research Study: Space Shuttle Main Engine Plume Flowfield Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The initial research effort was an in-depth analysis of the shuttle main engine plumes in an effort to improve the flowfield model and to enhance shuttle base heating equipment predictions during ascent. A prediction methodology code was developed incorporating the improved plume model into a predictive tool which could consider different trajectoreis and engine perfromance variables. Various plume flow model improvement studies were ongoing at the time of the 51-L accident. Since that time, base heating and plume methodology improvements have continued as part of the overall emphasis on Shuttle design assurance before resuming flight schedule.

Bender, Robert L.

1988-01-01

463

A wide range of major research resources are available for aerospace engineering research  

E-print Network

AstrodynamicResearchLaboratory · GasDynamicsandLaserDiagnosticsResearch Laboratory · HighStrainRateMechanicsLaboratory · Composites Manufacturing Laboratory · NonlinearSystemsLaboratory Majorfacilitiesintheselaboratoriesincludehigh speed wind for Advanced Science and Technology. Degrees Aerospace Engineering offers graduate programs leadingto

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

464

Research & Development 100 (R&D 100) NASA Glenn Research Center, Makel Engineering, Inc,  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research & Development 100 (R&D 100) NASA Glenn Research Center, Makel Engineering, Inc, Case Western Reserve Univ, Ohio State Univ. for the development of Multi-Parameter, MicroSensor-Based Low False Alarm Fire Detection System (MMFDS) Award Plaque

2005-01-01

465

TRANSLATIONAL AND CLINICAL RESEARCH Injectable Bone Tissue Engineering Using Expanded Mesenchymal  

E-print Network

stem cells has been reported, few clinical applications using stem cells for bone tissue engineering represents an effective therapeutic utilization of bone tissue engineering. STEM CELLS 2013TRANSLATIONAL AND CLINICAL RESEARCH Injectable Bone Tissue Engineering Using Expanded Mesenchymal

Klein, Ophir

466

Global earthquake casualties due to secondary effects: A quantitative analysis for improving rapid loss analyses  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This study presents a quantitative and geospatial description of global losses due to earthquake-induced secondary effects, including landslide, liquefaction, tsunami, and fire for events during the past 40 years. These processes are of great importance to the US Geological Survey's (USGS) Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system, which is currently being developed to deliver rapid earthquake impact and loss assessments following large/significant global earthquakes. An important question is how dominant are losses due to secondary effects (and under what conditions, and in which regions)? Thus, which of these effects should receive higher priority research efforts in order to enhance PAGER's overall assessment of earthquakes losses and alerting for the likelihood of secondary impacts? We find that while 21.5% of fatal earthquakes have deaths due to secondary (non-shaking) causes, only rarely are secondary effects the main cause of fatalities. The recent 2004 Great Sumatra-Andaman Islands earthquake is a notable exception, with extraordinary losses due to tsunami. The potential for secondary hazards varies greatly, and systematically, due to regional geologic and geomorphic conditions. Based on our findings, we have built country-specific disclaimers for PAGER that address potential for each hazard (Earle et al., Proceedings of the 14th World Conference of the Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, 2008). We will now focus on ways to model casualties from secondary effects based on their relative importance as well as their general predictability. ?? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

Marano, K.D.; Wald, D.J.; Allen, T.I.

2010-01-01

467

Discussion of the design of satellite-laser measurement stations in the eastern Mediterranean under the geological aspect. Contribution to the earthquake prediction research by the Wegener Group and to NASA's Crustal Dynamics Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted for determining the location of stations for measuring crustal dynamics and predicting earthquakes is discussed. Procedural aspects, the extraregional kinematic tendencies, and regional tectonic deformation mechanisms are described.

Paluska, A.; Pavoni, N.

1983-01-01

468

NASA Glenn's Contributions to Aircraft Engine Noise Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report reviews all engine noise research conducted at the NASA Glenn Research Center over the past 70 years. This report includes a historical perspective of the Center and the facilities used to conduct the research. Major noise research programs are highlighted to show their impact on industry and on the development of aircraft noise reduction technology. Noise reduction trends are discussed, and future aircraft concepts are presented. Since the 1960s, research results show that the average perceived noise level has been reduced by about 20 decibels (dB). Studies also show that, depending on the size of the airport, the aircraft fleet mix, and the actual growth in air travel, another 15 to 17 dB reduction will be required to achieve NASA's long-term goal of providing technologies to limit objectionable noise to the boundaries of an average airport.

Huff, Dennis L.

2013-01-01

469

NASA Glenn's Contributions to Aircraft Engine Noise Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation reviews engine noise research conducted at the NASA Glenn Research Center over the past 70 years. This report includes a historical perspective of the Center and the facilities used to conduct the research. Major noise research programs are highlighted to show their impact on industry and on the development of aircraft noise reduction technology. Noise reduction trends are discussed, and future aircraft concepts are presented. Since the 1960s, research results show that the average perceived noise level has been reduced by about 20 decibels (dB). Studies also show that, depending on the size of the airport, the aircraft fleet mix, and the actual growth in air travel, another 15 to 17 dB reduction will be required to achieve NASAs long-term goal of providing technologies to limit objectionable noise to the boundaries of an average airport.

Huff, Dennis L.

2014-01-01

470

The advanced ocean floor real time monitoring system for mega thrust earthquakes and tsunamis-application of DONET and DONET2 data to seismological research and disaster mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mega thrust earthquakes such as the 2004 Sumatra earthquake and the 2010 Chile earthquake generate severe damages by strong motions and large tsunamis. In Japan, the recurrences of mega thrust earthquakes around the Nankai trough off southwestern Japan, is one of the most severe problems in Japanese natural disasters. Especially, around the Nankai trough, mega thrust earthquakes over magnitude8 class

Yoshiyuki Kaneda

2010-01-01

471

Earthquake Prediction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video segment adapted from NOVA tells the tragic story of two Japanese seismologists who disagreed about the threat of earthquakes in the early twentieth century. Today, seismologists in California offer residents a probability of risk that an earthquake might occur.

2005-12-17

472

Earthquakes 101  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By watching this National Geographic video, you will learn all about earthquakes! You will learn what causes them, how many occur daily, and where they usually happen. The video will also tell you about some of the earthquakes that have occurred in the United States.

2010-01-01

473

Plotting Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners discover how to plot earthquakes on a map by exploring recent earthquake activity in California and Nevada. Within this activity, learners also practice using latitudinal and longitudinal lines and make predictions. This detailed lesson plan includes key vocabulary words, background information for educators, extension ideas, and resources.

California Academy of Sciences

2012-06-26

474

Earthquake prediction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The state of the art in earthquake prediction is discussed. Short-term prediction based on seismic precursors, changes in the ratio of compressional velocity to shear velocity, tilt and strain precursors, electromagnetic precursors, hydrologic phenomena, chemical monitors, and animal behavior is examined. Seismic hazard assessment is addressed, and the applications of dynamical systems to earthquake prediction are discussed.

Turcotte, Donald L.

1991-01-01

475

The Solid Earth Research Virtual Observatory: A web-based system for modeling multi-scale earthquake processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are building a new Problem Solving Environment for use by the seismological, crustal deformation, and tectonics communities for developing an understanding of active tectonic and earthquake processes. The top-level operational architecture of our solid earth research virtual observatory (SERVO) shows science users interacting with interface programs as well as modeling, simulation, and analysis tools. The general architecture follows the "Web Services" model being developed by business interests, but is applied to scientific applications and supporting software resources (such as databases). The system is divided into three tiers: a user interface layer (implemented as a browser interface), a system resource layer, and a middle control layer that maintains proxies (or brokers) to the system resources. The middle tier provides a uniform interface to the resource layer. Following the Web Services approach, we define XML interface abstractions (in WSDL) for basic services (such as File Management) and implement the interface with appropriate technologies (such as with a relational database). Communication between the services is done with an XML messaging architecture (SOAP). Our initial focus is to integrate time-dependent crustal deformation models into the system including both layered analytical and heterogeneous finite element models.

Donnellan, A.; Fox, G.; Rundle, J.; McLeod, D.; Tullis, T.; Grant, L.; Parker, J.; Pierce, M.; Lyzenga, G.; Chen, A.; Lou, J.

2002-12-01

476

NGO collaboration in community post-disaster reconstruction: field research following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China.  

PubMed

The number of communities affected by disasters has been rising. As a result, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that attend community post-disaster reconstruction are often unable to deliver all requirements and have to develop cooperative approaches. However, this collaboration can cause problems because of the complex environments, the fight for limited resources and uncoordinated management, all of which result in poor service delivery to the communities, adding to their woes. From extensive field research and case studies conducted in the post-Wenchuan earthquake-stricken communities, this paper introduces an integrated collaboration framework for community post-disaster reconstruction with the focus on three types of NGOs: international, government organised and civil. The proposed collaboration framework examines the three interrelated components of organisational structure, operational processes and reconstruction goals/implementation areas. Of great significance in better promoting collaborative participation between NGOs are the crucial concepts of participatory reconstruction, double-layer collaborative networks, and circular review and revision. PMID:25440408

Lu, Yi; Xu, Jiuping

2014-11-28

477

NTRCI Legacy Engine Research and Development Project Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The Legacy engine is a completely new design, transitional diesel engine, replacing the reciprocating engine with a rotary engine. The Legacy engine offers significant advances over conventional internal combustion engines in 1) power to weight ratio; 2) multiple fuel acceptance; 3) fuel economy; and 4) environmental compliance. These advances are achieved through a combination of innovative design geometry, rotary motion, aspiration simplicity, and manufacturing/part simplicity. The key technical challenge to the Legacy engine??s commercialization, and the focus of this project, was the development of a viable roton tip seal. The PST concept for the roton tip seal was developed into a manufacturable design. The design was evaluated using a custom designed and fabricated seal test fixture and further refined. This design was incorporated into the GEN2.5A prototype and tested for achievable compression pressure. The Decision Point at the end of Phase 1 of the project (described below) was to further optimize the existing tip seal design. Enhancements to the tip seal design were incorporated into the GEN2.5B prototype and tested and evaluated using the iterative research strategy described below. Compression pressures adequate for compression ignition of diesel fuel were achieved, although not consistently in all combustion volumes. The variation in compression pressures was characterized versus design features. As the roton tip seal performance was improved, results pointed toward inadequate performance of the housing side seals. Enhancement of the housing side seal system was accomplished using a custom designed side seal test fixture. The design enhancements developed with the test fixture were also incorporated into the GEN2.5B prototype and tested and evaluated using the iterative research strategy described below. Finally, to simplify the requirements for the roton tip seals and to enhance the introduction and combustion of fuel, a flush-mount fuel injector was designed, manufactured and demonstrated in the GEN2.5B prototype.

Connie Smith-Holbert; Joseph Petrolino; Bart Watkins; David Irick

2011-12-31

478

Trends in aeropropulsion research and their impact on engineering education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation is concerned with the trends in aeropropulsion both in the U.S. and abroad and the impact of these trends on the educational process in our universities. In this paper, we shall outline the new directions for research which may be of interest to educators in the aeropropulsion field. Awareness of new emphases, such as emission reductions, noise control, maneuverability, speed, etc., will have a great impact on engineering educators responsible for restructuring courses in propulsion. The information presented herein will also provide some background material for possible consideration in the future development of propulsion courses. In describing aeropropulsion, we are concerned primarily with air-breathing propulsion; however many observations apply equally as well to rocket engine systems. Aeropropulsion research needs are primarily motivated by technologies required for advanced vehicle systems and frequently driven by external requirements such as economic competitiveness, environmental concern and national security. In this presentation, vehicle based research is first described, followed by a discussion of discipline and multidiscipline research necessary to implement the vehicle-focused programs. The importance of collaboration in research and the training of future researchers concludes this presentation.

Povinelli, Louis A.; Reichert, Bruce A.; Glassman, Arthur J.

1992-01-01

479

Peer review, basic research, and engineering: Defining a role for QA professionals in basic research environments  

SciTech Connect

Within the context of doing basic research, this paper seeks to answer four major questions: (1) What is the authority structure of science. (2) What is peer review. (3) Where is the interface between basic physics research and standard engineering. and (4) Given the conclusions to the first three questions, what is the role of the QA professional in a basic research environment like Fermilab. 23 refs.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1989-02-01

480

The collaborative program of research in engineering science  

SciTech Connect

MIT and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory are continuing the program of collaborative research on energy-related engineering. The program involves research in the following areas: (1) mathematical modeling of thermal plasma systems, (2) high-temperature gas-particle reactions, (3) metal transfer in gas-metal arc welding, (4) multivariate control of gas-metal arc welding, (5) fundamentals of elastic-plastic fracture, (6) comminution of energy materials, and (7) synthesis and optimization of integrated chemical processes. A key objective of this collaborative program is to serve as a prototype for other university/laboratory collaborative programs. Another important goal is to enhance the transfer of new technology to the industrial sector.

Not Available

1990-12-01

481

Pulse Detonation Rocket Engine Research at NASA Marshall  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph representation provides an overview of research being conducted on Pulse Detonation Rocket Engines (PDRE) by the Propulsion Research Center (PRC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center. PDREs have a theoretical thermodynamic advantage over Steady-State Rocket Engines (SSREs) although unsteady blowdown processes complicate effective use of this advantage in practice; PRE is engaged in a fundamental study of PDRE gas dynamics to improve understanding of performance issues. Topics covered include: simplified PDRE cycle, comparison of PDRE and SSRE performance, numerical modeling of quasi 1-D rocket flows, time-accurate thrust calculations, finite-rate chemistry effects in nozzles, effect of F-R chemistry on specific impulse, effect of F-R chemistry on exit species mole fractions and PDRE performance optimization studies.

Morris, Christopher I.

2003-01-01

482

Seismicity-induced groundwater level changes in boreholes around Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU), Japan: Effect of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For improving the scientific basis for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, multidisciplinary researches are approached in the MIU, in which two vertical shafts are excavated in the crystalline rock mass. Groundwater levels are continuously logged in multiple boreholes, for understanding the regional groundwater flow around the MIU site. Soon after the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, groundwater level changes were observed in the almost boreholes. All boreholes arranged away from the MIU (approximately 1 to 5 km) showed drawdown ranging from 1 to 5 m. Several studies (e.g. Wang, 1997, JGR; Ge and Stover, 2000, JGR; Hamiel et al., 2005, EPSL) suggest that coseismic changes of groundwater level correspond to static volumetric strain changes induced by earthquakes, i.e., drawdown/elevation of groundwater level is reflected by crustal dilatation/constriction. We calculated volumetric strain changes due to the Tohoku earthquake based on the previously-reported fault models (slip models estimated by teleseismic source inversion; Yagi and Nishimura, Univ. of Tsukuba; Poiata et al., ERI, Univ. of Tokyo). We determined crustal deformation and stress change using the program Coulomb 3.0 (Lin and Stein, 2004, JGR; Toda et al., 2005, JGR). The calculation outputs approximately 2.3E-7 strain of dilatation around the MIU. Thus the drawdown observed in the boreholes arranged away from the MIU is consistent with the volumetric strain changes associated with the Tohoku earthquake. In contrast, groundwater levels were elevated up to 15 m in the boreholes localized in the vicinity of the MIU (within 600 m). These boreholes had shown successive drawdown since the shaft excavations started in the MIU, while voluminous sump water had been released successively from the shafts. Soon after the Tohoku earthquake, volume of the sump water increased approximately ten percent. Irregular elevation of water level soon after an earthquake like the case of the MIU has been reported in other excavation sites where successive drawdown is observed (e.g. Kitano and Tamai, Geoline2005, Lyon). Dilatation caused by an earthquake could induce fracture aperture opening and subsequent permeability increase, which could cause the anomalous increase of the sump water and the elevation of the groundwater level within the MIU site, as a temporal recovery of artificial drawdowned groundwater level.

Niwa, M.; Takeuchi, R.; Onoe, H.; Asamori, K.; Umeda, K.; Sugihara, K.

2011-12-01

483

Research Report 201112 University of Saskatchewan College of Engineering 2011-2012 Research Report Page 2 of 17  

E-print Network

Research Report 201112 #12;University of Saskatchewan College of Engineering 2011-2012 Research of Engineering remains committed to its traditional strong emphasis on research performance Report Page 2 of 17 I I am pleased to present the 201112 Research Report for the College

Saskatchewan, University of

484

Students Engaged in Research - Young Engineers and Scientists (YES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past 17 years, Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) has been a community partnership between local high schools in San Antonio, Texas (USA), and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI). The goals of YES are to increase the number of high school students, especially those from underrepresented groups, seeking careers in science and engineering and to enhance their success in entering the college and major of their choice. This is accomplished by expanding career awareness, including information on "hot" career areas through seminars and laboratory tours by SwRI staff, and allowing students to interact on a continuing basis with role models at SwRI in a real-world research experiences in physical sciences (including geosciences), information sciences, and a variety of engineering fields. YES consists of two parts: 1) An intensive three-week summer workshop held at SwRI where students experience the research environment and 2) a collegial mentorship where students complete individual research projects under the guidance of SwRI mentors during the academic year. At the end of the school year, students publicly present and display their work, spreading career awareness to other students and teachers. YES students develop a website (yesserver.space.swri.edu) for topics in space science and high school science teachers develop space-related lessons for classroom presentation. Partnerships between research institutes, local high schools, and community foundations, like the YES Program, can positively affect students preparation for STEM careers via real-world research experiences with mentorship teams consisting of professional staff and qualified teachers. Acknowledgements. We acknowledge support from the NASA MMS Mission, Texas Space Grant Consortium, SwRI, and local charitable foundations.

Boice, Daniel C.

2009-09-01

485

Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) -engaging students in research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) has been a community partnership between local high schools in San Antonio, Texas (USA), and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) during the past 18 years. The goals of YES are to increase the number of high school students, especially those from underrepresented groups, seeking careers in science and engineering and to enhance their success in entering the college and major of their choice. This is accomplished by expanding career awareness, including information on "hot" career areas through seminars and laboratory tours by SwRI staff, and allowing students to interact on a continuing basis with role models at SwRI in a real-world research experiences in physical sciences (including space sciences), information sciences, and a variety of engineering fields. YES consists of two parts: 1) An intensive three-week summer workshop held at SwRI where students experience the research environment and 2) a collegial mentorship where students complete individual research projects under the guidance of SwRI mentors during the academic year. At the end of the school year, students publicly present and display their work, spreading career awareness to other students and teachers. YES students develop a website (yesserver.space.swri.edu) for topics in space science and high school science teachers develop space-related lessons for classroom presentation. Partnerships between research institutes, local high schools, and community foundations, like the YES Program, can positively affect students' preparation for STEM careers via real-world research experiences with mentorship teams consisting of professional staff and qualified teachers. Acknowledgements. We acknowledge support from the NASA MMS Mission, Texas Space Grant Consortium, SwRI, and local charitable foundations.

Boice, Daniel; Reiff, Patricia

486

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Life Science and Medical Research Instruction  

E-print Network

Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Department of Life Science and Medical Bioscience Master's Program Doctoral Program Research Instruction Application Code Name of Supervisor Program AO Summary of Research Instruction Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering

Kaji, Hajime

487

48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization, engineering, developmental, or research capability, or expert services.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Industrial mobilization, engineering, developmental, or research capability...and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization, engineering, developmental, or research...

2014-10-01

488

48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability...and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research...

2011-10-01

489

48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability...and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research...

2010-10-01

490

48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability...and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research...

2012-10-01

491

48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization, engineering, developmental, or research capability, or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Industrial mobilization, engineering, developmental, or research capability...and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization, engineering, developmental, or research...

2013-10-01

492

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Recurrence Statistics of Great Earthquakes  

E-print Network

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Recurrence Statistics of Great to the size of the earth, is the subject of ongoing debate in geophysics. It is well known that earth- quakes by the American Geophysical Union. 0094-8276/13/$5.00 six largest events on record over the past century [Brodsky

Ben-Naim, Eli

493

NASA-HBCU Space Science and Engineering Research Forum Proceedings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proceedings of the Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) forum are presented. A wide range of research topics from plant science to space science and related academic areas was covered. The sessions were divided into the following subject areas: Life science; Mathematical modeling, image processing, pattern recognition, and algorithms; Microgravity processing, space utilization and application; Physical science and chemistry; Research and training programs; Space science (astronomy, planetary science, asteroids, moon); Space technology (engineering, structures and systems for application in space); Space technology (physics of materials and systems for space applications); and Technology (materials, techniques, measurements).

Sanders, Yvonne D. (editor); Freeman, Yvonne B. (editor); George, M. C. (editor)

1989-01-01

494

The Splice of Life: Genetic Engineering Research Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this module, high-school students play the roles of genetic engineers who are competing on television for award money to fund their research. They will work in teams, each with a specialty: criminal investigation, cloning, food biotechnology, or gene therapy. Each team will use online and printed materials to research their specialty and prepare a presentation to share with the class. At the conclusion, each student will prepare a response explaining how they would award the funds. Worksheets for students are included, as well as a teacher's guide with alignments to standards and assessment materials.

2005-08-09

495

Earthquake Effects and Experiences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portion of the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) frequently-asked-questions feature on earthquakes addresses what individuals might actually experience during an earthquake. Topics include earthquake motion (rolling or shaking), earthquake effects (ground shaking, surface faulting, ground failure, etc.), earthquake magnitude, what an earthquake feels like, and others. There are also links to additional resources on earthquake effects and experiences.

496

Earthquake Effects and Experiences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portion of the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) frequently-asked-questions feature on earthquakes addresses what individuals might actually experience during an earthquake. Topics include earthquake motion (rolling or shaking), earthquake effects (ground shaking, surface faulting, ground failure, etc.), earthquake magnitude, what an earthquake feels like, and others. There are also links to additional resources on earthquake effects and experiences.

2010-11-23

497

Teachers Using Continuous GPS Data to Learn About Earthquakes - Sharing Research Results in the Classroom Through Lesson Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This EarthScope-funded project is a collaboration between high school science teachers and their students, undergraduate and graduate students, and faculty from California State University San Bernardino (CSUSB), University of Arizona, and the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC). As high school teachers and their students work alongside one another, they are exposed to and contribute to an authentic research process that will lead to publishable results. The scientific goal of this project is to measure plate tectonic movement within the San Bernardino mountain area and the Inland Empire region of Southern California utilizing the Global Positioning System (GPS). Teachers and high school students collected survey-mode GPS data from 11 sites (among a total of 25 sampled by the larger group of participants) during a 5-day campaign from July 14 -19, 2011. The information obtained will be useful for understanding and characterizing seismic hazards in that region of Southern California. To enhance this experience, all of the teachers and their students have been invited to present their results at the SCEC Annual Meeting in September 2011. As part of the classroom implementation phase of the program the teachers are introduced to the Lesson Study approach. Lesson Study is a professional development process where teachers systematically examine their practice with the goal of becoming more effective. This process centers on teachers working collaboratively on a small number of Research Lessons. First, they identify the areas where their students are encountering challenges in learning standards-based content. The challenging areas are identified through results from standardized exams (e.g. California Standards Tests) or other assessment tools. To address areas of difficulty the teachers develop, test, and improve an instructional experience that promotes student learning of that standards-based material. Lesson Study is different from "lesson planning" because it focuses on what teachers want students to learn rather than on what teachers plan to teach. The 2011 teachers divided into three groups and each group is developing a Research Lesson. One of each of the group members teaches the lesson while the others observe the student learning. After the Research Lesson is taught the entire group comes together to debrief the lesson, make revisions, and another member of the group re-teaches the lesson (at a later date and at a different school) to incorporate what has been learned. This presentation will discuss how the CSUSB project has developed a successful framework for providing teachers with a valuable research experience as well as allowing an opportunity for them to think systematically about their craft, learn from experience, and become members of a learning community of practice.

de Groot, R. M.; McGill, S. F.

2011-12-01

498

Earthquakes Living Lab: Locating Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) real-time, real-world seismic data from around the planet to identify where earthquakes occur and look for trends in earthquake activity. They explore where and why earthquakes occur, learning about faults and how they influence earthquakes. Looking at the interactive maps and the data, students use Microsoft® Excel® to conduct detailed analysis of the most-recent 25 earthquakes; they calculate mean, median, mode of the data set, as well as identify the minimum and maximum magnitudes. Students compare their predictions with the physical data, and look for trends to and patterns in the data. A worksheet serves as a student guide for the activity.

Civil And Environmental Engineering Department

499

Undergraduate Research Co-op in Biomedical Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We present our model for expanding a mandatory cooperative education program to include research co-op. We limit the definition of a research co-opto an experiential learning opportunity in academic research laboratory. While we recognize that research experiences can occur in industry, we limit the definition in this way for two reasons. First, any effort to strengthen the nations professorate must begin by exposing undergraduate students to the environment, responsibilities, culture, and demands of the professorate. Second, from an administrative perspective, the process of developing co-op opportunities in academic research labs differs from the process used for industry. We assessed research co-op with respect to traditional industry co-op in terms of administrative overhead and preconceived notions among participants. We also discuss potential pitfalls that face departments seeking to formalize a research co-op program. We demonstrate that research co-ops present several benefits to the students, the engineering program, the university, and to the nation.

Collet, Jill; Grood, Edward S.; Johnson, Jeffrey; Moeller, Linda

2009-07-31

500

CyberNET is a research infrastructure that enables cybersecurity scientists and engineers to rigorously develop,  

E-print Network

Objective CyberNET is a research infrastructure that enables cybersecurity scientists and engineers Resilient Cybersecurity Initiative Researchers at PNNL are delivering the theory, processes, methodologies