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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national, nonprofit technical society, the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) was founded in 1949 and aims to "reduce earthquake risk by advancing the science and practice of earthquake engineering." EERI's searchable site contains news, timely information, and documents pertaining to earthquakes and related engineering issues. Highlights include the reconnaissance reports with in-depth coverage of current and past quakes. The Web exclusives section contains photos and testimonies, such as a slide show and text of an accompanying testimony made to the US House of Representatives Committee on Science on lessons learned from the Turkey, Taiwan, and Mexico City earthquakes. On the site's main page, users may browse through the links of highlights, such as the one to the EERI newsletter.

2

Earthquake Engineering Research at Berkeley, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Twenty-five papers by faculty participants and research personnel associated with the Earthquake Engineering Research Center of the University of California at Berkeley were presented at the Tenth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering held in Madrid,...

1992-01-01

3

Earthquake engineering research center annual report, 1991-1992  

SciTech Connect

The Earthquake Engineering Research Center exists to conduct research and develop technical information in all areas pertaining to earthquake engineering, including strong ground motion, response of natural and manmade structures to earthquakes, design of structures to resist earthquakes, development of new systems for earthquake protection, and development of architectural and public policy aspects of earthquake engineering. The purpose of the Center is achieved through three major functions. The first and primary function is academic research that is performed by graduate students, research engineers, and visiting postdoctoral scholars working with the Center's faculty participants. The research is funded by extramural grants awarded to individual faculty participants from private, state, and federal agencies.

Not Available

1992-10-01

4

Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1986, the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER) is located at the State University of New York at Buffalo. MCEER draws on the expertise of many researchers and industry partners from across the United States, as they are "dedicated to the discovery and development of new knowledge, tools and technologies that equip communities to become more disaster resilient in the face of earthquakes and other extreme events.� The Center receives funding from a wide range of institutions, including the National Science Foundation, the Federal Highway Administration, and the Department of Homeland Security. Along with the usual conference announcements and newsletters that one might expect to find on a homepage of this sort, visitors can also peruse their archive of webcasts, which include such past presentations as "Seismic Analysis of Woodframe Structures" and "Structural Control Technologies". Visitors will not be surprised to find that there are also a number of special reports on Hurricane Katrina that are worth taking a look at here.

5

First U.S.Japan workshop on advanced research on earthquake engineering for dams. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The First US-Japan Workshop on Advanced Research on Earthquake Engineering for Dams was held under the sponsorship of the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station and the Public Works Research Institute of Japan (PWRI) under the auspices of Task Committee D, Earthquake Engineering for Dams, of the UJNR Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, in Vicksburg, Mississippi, 12-14 November 1996.

M. E. Hynes; R. Hall; J. C. Baker; Y. Yamaguchi

1998-01-01

6

Earthquake Engineering Abstracts (EERC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California Berkeley's well known Earthquake Engineering Research Center has recently added a searchable-only version of Earthquake Engineering Abstracts, a database that currently contains over 55,000 citations. Users can search by author, title, subject and year. The search engine supports Boolean operators, as well as stem and phrase searching. For authors, phonetic searching is also available. EEA joins EqIIS (Earthquake Image Information System), the giant searchable image base of the Karl V. Steinbrugge Collection of "slides and photographs of historical earthquake damage," as major resources of the EERC.

7

Bibliography of Earthquake Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography of earthquake engineering literature is comprised of published articles up to the year 1971. Main topic areas include: (1) earthquakes; (2) ground vibrations; (3) ground; (4) structures; (5) earthquake damage; (6) earthquake resistant st...

K. Kanai

1977-01-01

8

NCEER (National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research) Bibliography of Earthquake Education Materials. (Second Revision).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Resources for teachers and administrators desiring to start an earthquake education program or teach a more detailed lesson on earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, and plate tectonics are presented. Curricula, software, and supplemental informational materia...

K. E. K. Ross

1989-01-01

9

NCEER (National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research) Bibliography of Earthquake Education Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Resources for teachers and administrators desiring to start an earthquake education program or teach a more detailed lesson on earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, and plate tectonics are presented in the text. Curricula, software, and supplemental informati...

K. E. K. Ross

1989-01-01

10

NCEER (National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research) Interim Bibliography of Earthquake Education Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Resources for teachers and administrators desiring to start an earthquake education program or teach a more detailed lesson on earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, and plate tectonics are presented in this text. Curricula, software, and supplemental informat...

K. E. K. Ross

1989-01-01

11

Student Research and Accomplishments: 2001-2002, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents(Partial): On the Calibration of the Specific Barrier Model to Eastern North America Earthquakes; Assessment of Performance of Bolu Viaduct in the 1999 Duzce Earthquake; Ductile Fiber Reinforced Panels for Seismic Retrofit; MCEER Hospital Demonstr...

D. L. Garcia

2002-01-01

12

Researching Intermountain West Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson designed for 7-12th (adaptable for 4-6) grade students. It focuses on earthquakes in the Utah region, but can be adapted to use anywhere. Forty-eight Intermountain West earthquakes that have occurred since 1876 have been researched by Earthquake Education Services (EES). Newspaper articles, individual accounts (diary entries, interviews, letters, etc.), and photographs have been collected. They are a primary data source for scientists and are valuable for anyone interested in learning about earthquakes. These data provide an entertaining, relevant resource for students studying earthquakes. Students select a research question (list provided) and search newspaper articles written about one or more earthquakes for data relevant to the question. Reports could be oral or written. Some of the questions can be reworded to allow students to first develop their own hypothesis, then search for data that supports or disproves the hypothesis.

13

Earthquake Engineering Educational Activities Using the Center Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the National Science Foundation established the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research to carry out systems integrated studies in earthquake hazard mitigation that would yield results that could not be accomplished by using the individual investigators approach. The success of the national center over 10 years has resulted in an expansion of the center approach in earthquake engineering

George C. Lee; Andrea S. Dargush

14

Earthquakes and Earthquake Engineering. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An earthquake is a shaking of the ground resulting from a disturbance in the earth's interior. Seismology is the (1) study of earthquakes; (2) origin, propagation, and energy of seismic phenomena; (3) prediction of these phenomena; and (4) investigation of the structure of the earth. Earthquake engineering or engineering seismology includes the

Buydos, John F., Comp.

15

Stochastic methods in earthquake engineering - Progress in engineering series  

SciTech Connect

Because of the interest in stochastic methods in collaboration with the editorial board of the Journal of Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, sixteen papers are presented in this volume. The volume consists of four sections: seismic hazard, modeling of ground motions, reliability, and soil structure interaction. In each section state-of-the-art stochastic and probabilistic methods are brought to bear on the appropriate problems under study, thus making this volume of extreme interest both to the researcher and the practitioner in the field of earthquake engineering.

Cakmak, A.S.

1985-01-01

16

United States Geological Survey, Earthquake Hazards Program: Earthquake Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes the research activities of the Earthquake Hazards Program (EHP) of the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The activities include: borehole geophysics and rock mechanics, crustal deformation, earthquake information, earthquake geology and paleoseismology, hazards, seismology and earth structure, and strong motion seismology, site response, and ground motion. Other links include: earthquake activity, earthquake facts and education, earthquake products, hazards and preparedness, regional websites, and seismic networks.

17

Recent Earthquake Prediction Research in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan has experienced many major earthquake disasters in the past. Early in this century research began that was aimed at predicting the occurrence of earthquakes, and in 1965 an earthquake prediction program was started as a national project. In 1978 a program for constant monitoring and assessment was formally inaugurated with the goal of forecasting the major earthquake that is

Kiyoo Mogi

1986-01-01

18

Earthquake Research in NOAA 1971-1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Earthquake Research in NOAA 1971-1972 is the 7th annual review of the scientific work of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration related to the occurrence of earthquakes. Earthquake research within NOAA is conducted principally by the Earth Sc...

J. C. Stepp

1973-01-01

19

The Prince William Sound, Alaska, Earthquake of 1964 and Aftershocks. Volume II. Research Studies: Seismology and Marine Geology. Part A. Engineering Seismology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication is Volume II, part A, of a three volume series on the Prince William Sound, Alaska, Earthquake of 1964. This part, Engineering Seismology Studies, was prepared essentially for the use of design and structural engineers or others studying t...

F. J. Wood

1967-01-01

20

61 FR 65157 - Reactor Site Criteria Including Seismic and Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Criteria Including Seismic and Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants AGENCY...geologic, seismic, and earthquake engineering considerations for future nuclear power...in the earth sciences and earthquake engineering. This rule primarily consists of...

1996-12-11

21

59 FR- Reactor Site Criteria Including Seismic and Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Criteria Including Seismic and Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and...geologic, seismic, and earthquake engineering considerations for future nuclear power...in the earth sciences and earthquake engineering. In addition, this proposed rule...

1994-10-17

22

Earthquake Hazard Research in the Pacific Northwest.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research project has focused on a number of fundamental problems related to earthquake hazards in the densely populated Puget Sound - Willamette Valley region. The authors are attempting to better understand the origin of both crustal and subcrustal e...

R. S. Crosson K. C. Creager

1989-01-01

23

Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by The National Science Foundation, the Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) conduct engineered systems-focused interdisciplinary research, linking universities across the United States with industry. The collaborative project exposes "prospective students (both graduate and undergraduate) to industrial views in order to build competence in engineering practice and to produce engineering graduates with the depth and breadth of education needed for success in technological innovation and for effective leadership of interdisciplinary teams throughout their careers." Current centers cover a range of topics including: Microelectronic Systems and Information Technology, Earthquake Engineering, Design and Manufacturing, and Bioengineering. Visitors can read more about the work of the Centers from the extensive Achievements Showcase, or about the ERC concept through a Best Practices Manual on developing a similar university-industry partnership. Curricula developed for graduate and undergraduate instruction, and information on other education programs are also available online.

24

Proceedings: Engineering characterization of small-magnitude earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

A three-day workshop was held on the engineering characterization of small-magnitude earthquakes in Palo Alto on January 27-29, 1987. The workshop was sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute. The objective of the workshop was to consider a broad range of issues that could provide insight to the engineering significance of ground motion generated by small-magnitude earthquakes. Based on the presentations at the meeting it was intended to develop a strategy to select a lower-bound magnitude for use in seismic hazard assessments. An Advisory Committee reviewed the information presented at the workshop and provided recommendations concerning the level of earthquake magnitude that may be damaging to nuclear power plant structures and equipment and a strategy to establish a sound basis to determine the lower-bound magnitude. These proceedings contain the technical papers presented at the workshop, summaries of the discussion sessions and the recommendations of the Advisory Committee. Individual papers were processed separately for the data base.

McCann, M.W. Jr.; Reed, J.W.

1987-01-01

25

Engineering Aspects of the September 19, 1985 Mexico Earthquake.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Following the September 19, 1985 Mexico earthquake, a team consisting of four engineers and one seismologist from the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) was dispatched to Mexico City to provide technical advi...

E. V. Leyendecker F. Y. Yokel M. Celebi T. Hanks W. C. Stone

1987-01-01

26

Approximate formulas for rotational effects in earthquake engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper addresses the issue of researching into the engineering characteristics of rotational strong ground motion components and rotational effects in structural response. In this regard, at first, the acceleration response spectra of rotational components are estimated in terms of translational ones. Next, new methods in order to consider the effects of rotational components in seismic design codes are presented by determining the effective structural parameters in the rotational loading of structures due only to the earthquake rotational components. Numerical results show that according to the frequency content of rotational components, the contribution of the rocking components to the seismic excitation of short period structures can never be ignored. During strong earthquakes, these rotational motions may lead to the unexpected overturning or local structural damages for the low-rise multi-story buildings located on soft soil. The arrangement of lateral-load resisting system in the plan, period, and aspect ratio of the system can severely change the seismic loading of wide symmetric buildings under the earthquake torsional component.

Falamarz-Sheikhabadi, Mohammad Reza; Ghafory-Ashtiany, Mohsen

2012-10-01

27

State-of-the-Art for Assessing Earthquake Hazards in the United States. Report 29: Selection of Earthquake Ground Motions for Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Earthquake ground motions for major engineering projects are based on a thorough evaluation of geologic hazards to identify earthquake sources and to estimate the earthquake potential of each. Earthquake ground motions are assigned to the sources by eithe...

E. L. Krinitzsky

1995-01-01

28

Research on earthquake prediction from geomagnetic pulsation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper has presented a research on the method of using digitized data of geomagnetic pulsation observation to predict\\u000a earthquakes and the research results. According to the theory of inductive magnetic effect, the observation of geomagnetic\\u000a pulsation events can detect the preseismic conductivity and structure anomalies of subsurface media more effectively than\\u000a the conventional geomagnetic observations, especially the short-impending anomalies

Jun-Cheng Zhou; Ke-Li Han; Pei-De Wang; Yue Lu

1995-01-01

29

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Cypress Street Viaduct  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows an aerial view of a collapsed portion of the Cypress Street Viaduct, an elevated portion of Interstate 880, in Oakland, California. The damage was caused by the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

30

Earthquake Hazard Research in the Pacific Northwest, October 25, 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research project has focused on fundamental problems related to earthquake hazards in the densely populated Puget Sound - Willamette Valley region. The authors are attempting to better understand the origin of both crustal and subcrustal earthquakes i...

R. S. Crosson K. C. Creager E. R. Padovani

1990-01-01

31

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants S Appendix S to Part 50 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING...Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants General...

2013-01-01

32

Extensive research on Loma Prieta improves understanding of earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the 1989 Loma Prieta, California, earthquake, probably the most thoroughly documented in American history, has dramatically improved our understanding of the complexity of earthquakes and of how society can reduce risk and improve response in connection with large natural disasters. The magnitude 6.9 earthquake was the largest and most damaging to strike an American urban area since the

Thomas L. Holzer

1999-01-01

33

Earthquake engineering: Damage assessment and structural design  

SciTech Connect

The author discusses straightforward methods which demonstrate how to assess damage accurately and analyze affected structures. The author also considers all relevant invariants, parameters, equations, and variables. Borg explains the roles of the accelerogram and isoseismal invariants, energy, symmetry, and anti-symmetry in the structural analysis of earthquake damaged buildings.

Borg, S.F.

1984-01-01

34

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...App. S Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...issued before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section...

2009-01-01

35

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...App. S Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power...issued before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section...

2010-01-01

36

A Manual of Earthquake Resistant Non-Engineered Construction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The non-engineered constructions in stone, brick, adobe, and composite systems with wood, concrete or steel pose a serious damage-risk problem in seismic belts of the earth. Most losses of life during earthquakes have occurred due to the collapse of this ...

1981-01-01

37

Construction Engineering Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) research facility is part of the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (USAERDC) of the Army Corps of Engineers' research and development organization. CERL "conducts research and development in infrastructure and environmental sustainment." New technologies that the lab develops are used "to help military installations provide and maintain quality training lands and facilities for soldiers and their families." Some applications are also found in the private sector. The research is organized into numerous themes, including the study of enduring buildings, ecosystem management, land use planning, and seismic engineering. The website describes each of the themes and offers a link to its database of publications and products/capabilities. Visitors can also search the database by keyword. Another section of the website describes the portal software used to develop and maintain the website.

38

Terrestrial and space techniques in earthquake research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A report is given on an international workshop which was held to discuss recent advances in experimental techniques for the monitoring of crustal dynamics in earthquake zones. Experts from countries throughout the world, who are concerned with earthquakes and earthquakes disaster prevention, participated and discussed various terrestrial as well as space techniques presently applied or most likely to become applicable

A. Vogel

1979-01-01

39

The January 12, 2010, Haiti earthquake: Science and Engineering for Earthquake Resilience (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On January 12, 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the Port-au-Prince region of Haiti, killing more than 200,000 people and causing an estimated 8 billion in damages, 120% of the country's GDP. Science and engineering were key to answering pressing questions raised by governement authorities and international agencies in the days and weeks after the event. As Haiti starts its reconstruction, there is an opportunity for science and engineering to provide pragmatic guidelines to help build a sustainable culture of resilience to natural hazards. We will address the challenges and opportunities of integrating risk reduction into government policies, a goal that requires close interations with politicians, risk managers, economists, and social scientists. Communicating science to decision makers and the public, while accounting for the challenges of sustainable development, remains a challenge even in the wake of the human and economic tragedy of the January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti.

Calais, E.; Lerner-Lam, A.; Momplaisir, R.; Prepetit, C.

2010-12-01

40

One research from turkey on groundwater- level changes related earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Groundwater levels are recorded by limnigraphs in drilling wells in order to determine groundwater potential accurately and reliable under hydrogeological studies in Turkey State Haydraulic Works (DSI) set the limnigraphs to estimate mainly groundwater potential. Any well is drilled to determine and to obtain data on water level changes related earthquake up today. The main purpose of these studies are based on groundwater potential and to expose the hydrodynamic structure of an aquifer. In this study, abnormal oscillations, water rising and water drops were observed on graphs which is related with water level changes in groundwater. These observations showed that, some earthquakes has been effective on water level changes. There is a distance ranging to 2000 km between this epicentral and water wells. Water level changes occur in groundwater bearing layers that could be consisting of grained materials such as, alluvium or consolidated rocks such as, limestones. The biggest water level change is ranging to 1,48 m on diagrams and it is recorded as oscillation movement. Water level changes related earthquake are observed in different types of movements below in this research. 1-Rise-drop oscillation changes on same point. 2-Water level drop in certain periods or permanent periods after earthquakes. 3-Water level rise in certain periods or permanent periods after earthquakes. (For example, during Glck Earthquake with magnitude of 7.8 on August, 17, 1999 one artesian occured in DSI well ( 49160 numbered ) in Adapazari, Dernekkiri Village. Groundwater level changes might easily be changed because of atmosferic pressure that comes in first range, precipitation, irrigation or water pumping. Owing to relate groundwater level changes with earthquake on any time, such changes should be observed accurately, carefully and at right time. Thus, first of all, the real reason of this water level changes must be determined From 1970 to 2001 many earthquakes occured in Turkey ( Ktahya-Gediz Earthquake on March, 28, 1970, Diyarbakir-Lice Earthquake on September, 6, 1975, Van-Muradiye Earthquake on November, 24, 1976, Erzurum-Kars Earthquake on October, 30, 1983, Glck Earthquake on August, 17, 1999 , Afyon-Sultanhisar Earthquake on February, 3, 2002). Furthermore, Iran Earthquake on November, 27, 1979 has been measured and recorded from thousands kilometeres away in drilling wells in Turkey. Altough there are a lot of studies and researches on earthquake prediction and groundwater level changes related earthquake, it is still difficult to say certain results are obtained on this subject. Nowadays, it is well known the importance of these researches on earthquakes. Due to take certain results on earthqauke-water level changes relations, studies must be carried out on this way.

Kirmizitas, H.; Gktepe, G.

2003-04-01

41

Safety Significance of Near Field Earthquakes An IAEA Co-ordinated Research Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a Co-ordinated Research Program (CRP) of the International Atomic energy Agency (IAEA). The title of the CRP is: Safety Significance of Near Field Earthquakes (NFE). The rationale for such a CRP is the well-known technical finding that the usual engineering practices in seismic design of Nuclear Facilities result in a poor estimate

Pierre Labb

42

Contributions to the Fifth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering to be Held June 25-29, 1973 in Rome, Italy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents papers prepared for the Fifth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. 'Earthquake Damage Probability Matrices' presents a format for organizing and portraying statistical data concerning damage to buildings caused by earthquakes. ...

R. V. Whitman

1973-01-01

43

Reduction of earthquake risk in the united states: Bridging the gap between research and practice  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuing efforts under the auspices of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program are under way to improve earthquake risk assessment and risk management in earthquake-prone regions of Alaska, California, Nevada, Washington, Oregon, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, and Idaho, the New Madrid and Wabash Valley seismic zones in the central United States, the southeastern and northeastern United States, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, and Hawaii. Geologists, geophysicists, seismologists, architects, engineers, urban planners, emergency managers, health care specialists, and policymakers are having to work at the margins of their disciplines to bridge the gap between research and practice and to provide a social, technical, administrative, political, legal, and economic basis for changing public policies and professional practices in communities where the earthquake risk is unacceptable. ?? 1998 IEEE.

Hays, W. W.

1998-01-01

44

Structural performance of the DOE's Idaho National Engineering Laboratory during the 1983 Borak Peak earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1983 Borah Peak Earthquake (7.3 Richter magnitude) was the largest earthquake ever experienced by the DOE's Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Reactor and plant facilities are generally located about 90 to 110 km (60 miles) from the epicenter. Several reactors were operating normally at the time of the earthquake. Based on detailed inspections, comparisons of measured accelerations with design

R. C. Guenzler; V. W. Gorman

1985-01-01

45

Tissue Engineering Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a comparative review of tissue engineering research and development activities in the United States, Japan, and Western Europe conducted by a panel of leading U.S. experts in the field. It covers biomaterials, cells, biomolecules, non-medic...

D. J. Mooney H. P. Greisler L. Griffith L. V. McIntire P. C. Johnson

2002-01-01

46

Geoscience and Engineering Information For Earthquake Risk Mitigation Plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many developments in the fields of Geophysics and Engineering have been undertaken in the recent years with the purpose of understanding the different mechanisms involved in the entire seismic process, from the seismic source, ground shaking, site effects, etc., to the damage caused to buildings, other engineering structures, infra-structures, population and social organizations An important issue is the increasing collaboration among scientists, engineers and decision makers for building up information systems and for establishing communication protocols which allow the scientific and technical knowledge to be transferred in the appropriate form to the key organizations and persons responsible for risk mitigation, through planning and emergency management. With the aid of geographical information systems and other, at present, available tools, damage scenarios generation can easily include many pieces of information, and most of the relevant aspects of the process can be considered. They can serve not only to help decision makers to design their policies for earthquake mitigation in the mid-long run, but also as an on-line tool for helping in the event of an earthquake, speeding up the rescue operations. In this sense, some examples taken from approaches carried out in Catalonia (NE Spain) Spain and Portugal, in particular for the cities of Barcelona and Lisbon are presented and discussed. New avenues will be also presented.

Roca, A.; Oliveira, C. S.

47

Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in earthquakes with an introduction to the subject. Following a section presenting an historical look at the world's major earthquakes, the booklet discusses earthquake-prone geographic areas, the nature and workings of earthquakes, earthquake

Pakiser, Louis C.

48

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

An earthquake happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one another. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently, and without warning at any time of the day or night. If an earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause ...

49

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

... time. Before During After More Information Before an Earthquake The following are things you can do to ... most of the destruction during earthquakes. During an Earthquake Drop, cover and Hold On. Minimize your movements ...

50

Multi-disciplinary Hazard Reduction from Earthquakes and Volcanoes in Indonesia - International Research Cooperation Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indonesian and Japanese researchers started a three-year (2009-2011) multi-disciplinary cooperative research project as a part of "Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development" supported by the Japanese government. The ultimate goal of this project is to reduce disaster from earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanoes by enhancing capability of forecasting hazards, reducing social vulnerability, and education and outreach activity of research outcomes. We plan to provide platform of collaboration among researchers in natural science, engineering and social sciences, as well as officials in national and local governments. Research activities are grouped into: (1) geological and geophysical surveys of past earthquakes, monitoring current crustal activity, and simulation of future ground motion or tsunamis, (2) short-term and long-term prediction of volcanic eruptions by monitoring Semeru, Guntur and other volcanoes, and development of their evaluation method, (3) studies to establish social infrastructure based on engineering technologies and hazard maps, (4) social, cultural and religious studies to reduce vulnerability of local communities, and (5) studies on education and outreach on disaster reduction and restoration of community. In addition, to coordinate these research activities and to utilize the research results, (6) application of the research and establishment of collaboration mechanism between researchers and the government officials is planned. In addition to mutual visits and collaborative field studies, it is planned to hold annual joint seminars (in Indonesia in 2009 and 2011, in Japan in 2010) that will be broadcasted through internet. Meetings with Joint Coordinating Committee, composed of representatives of relevant Indonesian ministries and institutions as well as project members, will be held annually to oversee the activities. The kick-off workshop was held in Bandung in April 2009 and the research plans from 22 different themes were explained and panel discussion was conducted. Then, the project officially started in June 2009. The first plenary workshop was held in October 11-14 in Aceh, Indonesia, at the occasion of Indian Ocean-wide tsunami evacuation drill of IOC (Inter-governmental Oceanographic Commission). Considering that disastrous earthquakes occurred on 2nd September 2009 (Mw7.0) in the south of Java and on 30th September 2009 (Mw7.5) nearby Padang, central Sumatra, special reports for these earthquakes were presented. In particular, the latter earthquake that devastated the city of Padang was of great interest because its epicenter is located in a seismic gap called "Mentawai gap" where a large interplate earthquake is expected to occur in the near future. Research teams from our project were urgently deployed to the area for investigating disasters due to the September 2009 earthquake and trying to find effective countermeasures to the coming larger event.

Kato, Teruyuki

2010-05-01

51

Academic Research Engine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last week, Student Advantage announced its new academic research engine, developed in partnership with Northern Light (see the September 19, 1997 Scout Report). Students can keyword search 25 different subjects either individually or simultaneously. Some features adopted from Northern Light's search engine make Student Advantage likely to reduce, at least, the ratio of student frustration to success when attempting to do Internet research. First, results of an initial search include a sidebar that organizes returns in subject folders allowing users to focus only on those that seem most promising. Second, the "drill and search" feature allows students to then refine their searches within these subject folders. This two-step process mitigates the centrifugal Internet experience most student-researchers encounter. The site also features a listing of online reference sources and a free download of Q-Notes, software for electronic note-taking (for PCs only). (Caveat: Many of the book-length texts listed in results are merely links to Amazon.com, and some of the articles listed are held in Northern Light's fee-based Special Collection.)

52

Researchers study tsunami generated by Mexican earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Barra de Navidad is a small Mexican tourist town on the coast of a lagoon that is buffered from the Pacific Ocean by a narrow strip of sand. The town is a favorite rest spot of American and Canadian tourists. On October 9, 1995, at 9:36 local time (1536 GMT), a strong earthquake that measured Mx = 8.0 disrupted the lives of the townspeople. The epicenter of the earthquake was located in the ocean at 1851.5?N and 1048.4?W [Ortiz and Synolakis, 1996], but it destroyed many hotels and homes, and the shifting of the land tore up the highway that connects Barra de Navidad and Manzanillo. Crevices of up to 3 m wide opened across the road, and bridges over small rivers were knocked down. In an instant, the town was disconnected from the outside world. Frightened townspeople roamed the streets, assessing the destruction.

Filonov, Anatoliy E.

53

Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in earthquakes with an introduction to the subject. Following a section presenting an historical look at the world's major earthquakes, the booklet discusses earthquake-prone geographic areas, the nature and workings of earthquakes,

Pakiser, Louis C.

54

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the British Geological Survey, the Earthquakes Web site contains numerous educational topics for kids. Best suited for junior high school students and older, the site contains information on macroseismology (or the observable effects of earthquakes on people, buildings, and nature); seismic hazards; earthquake monitoring; recent and historical earthquakes; and more. Other links on the site include a Questions and Answers page, earthquake references, and additional educational links culminating in an informative and helpful source of online science learning. [JAB

55

Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center at Georgia Tech is "to promote universal access to mobile wireless technologies and explore their innovative applications in addressing the needs of people with disabilities." Anticipating that wireless devices are likely to become an integral part of daily life, with applications ranging from conducting financial transactions to setting a home thermostat, these researchers are working to ensure that people with disabilities are able to use these devices and actively participate in "the information age." Supported by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research of the U.S. Department of Education, the group's research addresses three inter-related projects: Assessment of User Needs, Evaluation of Emerging Technologies, and Policy Initiatives. The website also describes its work in exploring and developing new applications of wireless technologies to support independent living for people with disabilities, such as wearable computing. Related software applications are posted online to download as well as various publications, such as conference proceedings, journal articles, and technical reports.

56

Earthquake response  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Loma Prieta earthquake in northern California gave geophysicists an unexpected chance to mobilize a team to take portable seismographs to an earthquake region. The magnitude-7.1 earthquake occurred Tuesday, October 17 at 5:04 P.M. Pacific Daylight Time. Less than 48 hours after the main shock, IRIS consortium seismologists from Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory in Palisades, N.Y., were setting up new, portable equipment around San Francisco.The ability to move quickly to the earthquake area was an unanticipated bonus of two National Science Foundation programs: IRIS, the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology in Arlington, Va., and NCEER, the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research in Buffalo, N.Y.

Simpson, David; Hough, Susan; Lerner-Lam, Arthur; Phinney, Robert

57

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This outline of basic information on earthquakes starts with an explanation of an earthquake, including the forces acting on rock, (tension, compression, and shear) and plastic and elastic deformation of rock. Next, the principle of the seismograph, seismometer, and seismogram along with the three types of seismic waves are discussed. Information is then presented to help the student distinguish between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, describe the world-wide distribution pattern of earthquake activity, and explain the earthquake magnitude (Richter) scale and the Modified Mercalli scale of earthquake intensity. This site also includes an explanation of how the epicenter of an earthquake can be located. There is a discussion of some past earthquakes along with a description of the effects of earthquake activity.

Gore, Pamela

58

Innovation in earthquake and natural hazards research: determining soil liquefaction potential  

SciTech Connect

This case study analyzes how an innovation in earthquake and natural hazards research was used for practical and policy purposes, why utilization occurred, and what potential policy implications can be drawn. The innovation was the dynamic analysis method, used to identify those soils that are likely to liquefy during earthquakes. The research was designed and undertaken by H. Bolton Seed at the University of California at Berkeley during the 1960s. The research was a major breakthrough in engineering research: liquefaction had never before been reproduced in a laboratory. The work yielded quantitative information about the conditions under which liquefaction occurs. These data were then used to develop procedures for predicting liquefaction; eventually the need to test soil samples in the laboratory was eliminated.

Moore, G.B.; Yin, R.K.

1984-11-01

59

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson on earthquakes is based on naturalist John Muir's experiences with two significant earthquakes, the 1872 earthquake on the east side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Students will learn to explain that earthquakes are sudden motions along breaks in the crust called faults, and list the major geologic events including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and mountain building, which are the result of crustal plate motions. A downloadable, printable version (PDF) of the lesson plan is available.

60

Earthquake Forecast Science Research with a Small Satellite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reliable, repeatable Earthquake forecast is a subject surrounded by controversy and scepticism. What is clear, is that reliable forecast could be the single most effective tool for earthquake disaster management. Roughly a third of the world's population live in areas that are at risk and, every year since the beginning of the twentieth century earthquakes have caused an average of 20,000 deaths [1]. The economic loss in the 1995 Kobe, Japan earthquake was greater than US100 billion [2]. Substantial progress has been made on the development of methods for earthquake hazard analysis on a timescale of a few decades. However, the forecast of specific earthquakes on timescales of a few years to a few days is a difficult problem. It has been proposed that satellites and ground-based facilities may detect earthquake precursors in the ionosphere a few hours or days before the main shock. This hypothesis is now backed by a physical model, derived by the Russian Academy of Sciences from statistical studies and an understanding of the main morphological features of seismo-ionospheric precursors, which allows them to be separated from background ionospheric variability. The main problems now are lack of regular global data and limited funding for what is considered to be financially risky research. Low-cost, small satellites offer a solution to these problems. A 100 kg class SSTL enhanced microsatellite, carrying a RAS topside sounder and complimentary payload, will be used to make regular measurements over seismically active zones around the globe. The low cost of the spacecraft offers a financially low-risk approach to the next step in this invaluable research. The spacecraft will make ionospheric measurements for systematic research into the proposed precursors. The aims will be to confirm or refute the hypothesis; define their reliability and reproducibility; and enable further scientific understanding of their mechanisms. In addition, forecasting of the magnitude of the events, as well as an indication of the seismic centre may also be possible. These mission data should also lead to improved knowledge of the physics of earthquakes, improved accuracy for GPS-based navigation models, and could be used to study the reaction of the global ionosphere during magnetic storms and other solar-terrestrial events. The poster presents an overview of the scientific basis, goals, and proposed platform for this research mission.

Jason, Susan; da Silva Curiel, Alex; Pulinets, Sergey; Sweeting, Martin, , Sir

61

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students explore the causes of earthquakes and their impact on the geology of an area and on human societies. They begin by looking at the role tectonic plates play in creating the forces that cause earthquakes, to help them understand why earthquakes occur when and where they do. Hands-on activities illustrate how rocks can withstand a certain amount of stress, but that every material has its breaking point. When rocks break underground, an earthquake occurs. In the last section, students explore the impact earthquakes have on humans and look at the efforts scientists are making to better understand and predict these sometimes deadly events.

2006-01-01

62

Earthquake Prediction Research In Iceland, Applications For Hazard Assessments and Warnings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake prediction research in Iceland, applications for hazard assessments and warnings. The first multinational earthquake prediction research project in Iceland was the Eu- ropean Council encouraged SIL project of the Nordic countries, 1988-1995. The path selected for this research was to study the physics of crustal processes leading to earth- quakes. It was considered that small earthquakes, down to magnitude

R. Stefansson

2002-01-01

63

The Center for Natural Phenomena Engineering (CNPE), 1990--1991. [Earthquake and other natural phenomena engineering  

SciTech Connect

The Center for Natural Phenomena Engineering (CNPE) was established to provide a natural phenomena (NP) engineering oversight role within Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (MMES). In this oversight role CNPE's goals are to provide coordination and direction of activities related to earthquake and other natural phenomena engineering, including development of hazard definition, development of design criteria, conducting new facility design, development and conducting of testing, performance of analysis and vulnerability studies, development of analysis methodology, and provision of support for preparation of safety analysis reports for the five MMES sites. In conducting these activities it is CNPE's goal to implement the elements of Total Quality Management (TQM) in a cost-effective manner, providing its customers with a quality product. This report describes 1990--1991 activities.

Not Available

1992-07-01

64

Cooperative earthquake research between the United States and the People's Republic of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative research by scientists of the United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC) has resulted in important new findings concerning the fundamental characteristics of earthquakes and new insight into mitigating earthquake hazards. Much of the research is being conducted under the U.S. State Department Protocol for Scientific and Technical Cooperation in Earthquake Studies between the PRC State Seismological

David P. Russ; Leonard E. Johnson

1985-01-01

65

Earthquakes!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A strong earthquake struck Istanbul, Turkey on Monday, only weeks after a major quake in the same area claimed more than 15,500 lives. This site, from The Why Files (see the August 9, 1996 Scout Report), offers background information on the science of earthquakes, with particular emphasis on the recent tectonic activity in Turkey.

66

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Soft-Story Collapse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows an apartment building in the Marina District of San Francisco, California, that was destroyed by a phenomenon known as soft-story collapse. The damage occurred during the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

67

Current Regulatory Earthquake Zoning Map of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparation of latest version of the regulatory earthquake zoning map of Turkey, which was one of the activities in the National Plan of Turkey for International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) period (1990-2000), was achieved by Earthquake Research Department at General Directorate of Disaster Affairs in cooperation with Earthquake Engineering Research Center at Middle East Technical University. Different from

Nazan Yilmaz; Murat Nurlu; Bekir Tzel

68

Cooperative earthquake research between the United States and the People's Republic of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes cooperative research by scientists of the US and the People's Republic of China (PRC) which has resulted in important new findings concerning the fundamental characteristics of earthquakes and new insight into mitigating earthquake hazards. There have been over 35 projects cooperatively sponsored by the Earthquake Studies Protocol in the past 5 years. The projects are organized into

D. P. Russ; L. E. Johnson

1986-01-01

69

Science and Engineering Research Facilities: 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities: 2001 This ...

70

Earthquake!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the types of damage experienced by California State University at Northridge during the 1994 earthquake and what lessons were learned in handling this emergency are discussed. The problem of loose asbestos is addressed. (GR)|

Hernandez, Hildo

2000-01-01

71

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To understand P and S waves, to observe some videos of earthquakes, and to find out where and when the last earthquake in Utah was. Print out this worksheet for the questions to accompany the following websites. Worksheet Go to The Earth Layers The Earth's Layers and read the information. Answer the following 4 questions on a separate paper. Name the four layers of the Earth in order from the outside to the center of the Earth. What causes ...

Clemons, Mrs.

2010-11-02

72

Advances in Earthquake Prediction Research and the June 2000 Earthquakes in Iceland  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 2000, two earthquakes with magnitude 6.6 (Ms) occurred in the central part of the South Iceland seismic zone (SISZ). Earthquakes in this region have, according to historical information, in some cases caused collapse of the majority of houses in areas encompassing 1,000 square kilometers in this relatively densely populated farming region. Because large earthquakes were expected to occur

R. Stefansson

2006-01-01

73

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Column Failure, Cypress Street Viaduct  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows structural failure in the Cypress Street Viaduct caused by high intensity ground motions exacerbated by a deep clay soil profile. The column on the left collapsed, causing the upper roadway to fall onto the lower. The damage was caused by the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

74

JICA TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION PROJECTS ON ESTABLISHMENT Of EARTHQUAKE DISASTER PREVENTION RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (herein after referred to JICA) technological cooperation projects conducted by the Building Research Institute (herein after referred to BRI) in earthquake damage prevention research and related areas since the 1980s, earthquake damage prevention research institutions have been founded in Indonesia, Peru, Mexico, Chile, Turkey, and on every other continent in the

Toshibumi FUKUTA

75

Earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regression method has been applied to design multidimensional nonlinear statistical model of seismic energy flow release by local earthquakes using the data of integrated geophysical monitoring in the Transcarpathian seismogenic zone, Ukraine, as input. It has been shown that to obtain adequate model it is necessary to utilize temporal series of geophysical parameters that are not less than 730 days

Taras Verbytskyj; Yurij Verbytskyj

1889-01-01

76

Geoscience and Engineering Information For Earthquake Risk Mitigation Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many developments in the fields of Geophysics and Engineering have been undertaken in the recent years with the purpose of understanding the different mechanisms involved in the entire seismic process, from the seismic source, ground shaking, site effects, etc., to the damage caused to buildings, other engineering structures, infra-structures, population and social organizations An important issue is the increasing collaboration

A. Roca; C. S. Oliveira

2002-01-01

77

University Consortium of Instructional Shake Tables: Enhancing Education in Earthquake Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 50 member institutions worldwide, the University Consortium of Instructional Shake Tables (UCIST) is a major effort to "foster collaborative teaching and learning" within the earthquake engineering discipline. This paper, which was presented at the International Meeting on Civil Engineering Education in September 2003, discusses how UCIST has contributed to undergraduate curricula and integrated structural dynamics into previously lacking civil engineering programs. Additionally, it outlines some of the educational tools and experiments that have been developed through UCIST, for use in both college and K-12 classrooms.

Soto-Fournier, Manuel; Caicedo, Juan M.; Dyke, Shirley J.

78

University Consortium of Instructional Shake Tables: Enhancing Education in Earthquake Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 50 member institutions worldwide, the University Consortium of Instructional Shake Tables (UCIST) is a major effort to "foster collaborative teaching and learning" within the earthquake engineering discipline. This paper, which was presented at the International Meeting on Civil Engineering Education in September 2003, discusses how UCIST has contributed to undergraduate curricula and integrated structural dynamics into previously lacking civil engineering programs. Additionally, it outlines some of the educational tools and experiments that have been developed through UCIST, for use in both college and K-12 classrooms.

Dyke, Shirley J.; Caicedo, Juan M.; Soto-Fournier, Manuel

2005-12-07

79

Graduate Engineering Research Participation in Aeronautics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Aeronautics Graduate Research Program commenced in 1971, with the primary goal of engaging students who qualified for regular admission to the Graduate School of Engineering at Old Dominion University in a graduate engineering research and study progr...

A. S. Roberts

1986-01-01

80

Expanding Global Engineering Education Research Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within many traditional disciplines, international collaborations have developed around specific research areas. But since engineering education research is a relatively new field of activity, few international research collaborations in this area have yet emerged. As engineering becomes more global, these types of collaborations are increasingly important, especially to promote continued innovation in engineering education and ensure the employability and mobility

B. Jesiek; M. Borrego; K. Beddoes

81

New center for natural gas engine research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Engines and Energy Conversion Laboratory (EECL) is a comprehensive engine research and development facility, established to address manufacturers and users needs for access to state of the art research and testing environments. In addition to furthering the research of engines ranging from automotive to large stationary pipeline units, the laboratory provides manufacturers with an operational state of the art

Highfill

1994-01-01

82

Past, current and future of Japanese national program for earthquake prediction research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese national earthquake prediction program started in 1962 with a blue print for the scope and direction of research to follow. Substantial time and efforts were subsequently devoted to the construction of new observation networks and the study on the earthquake generation mechanisms. An important result has been the recognition of the great difficulty in identifying creditable precursors due

Naoshi Hirata

2004-01-01

83

Field reconnaissance of the 2007 Niigata-Chuetsu Oki earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the 2007 Tri-Center Field Mission to Japan, a reconnaissance team comprised of fourteen graduate students and three faculty members from three U.S. earthquake engineering research centers, namely, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER), Mid-America Earthquake Center (MAE), and Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER), undertook a reconnaissance visit to the affected area shortly after the 2007 Niigata-Chuetsu Oki earthquake. This mission provided an opportunity to review the nature of the earthquake damage that occurred, as well as to assess the significance of the damage from an educational perspective. This paper reports on the seismological characteristics of the earthquake, preliminary findings of geotechnical and structural damage, and the causes of the observed failures or collapses. In addition, economic and socio-economic considerations and experiences to enhance earthquake resilience are presented.

Apostolakis, Georgios; Qu, Bing; Ecemis, Nurhan; Dogruel, Seda

2007-12-01

84

EPOS a multiparameter measuring system to earthquake research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The approach to earthquake prediction by geophysical, geochemical and hydrological data needs real time measuring equip- ment and modelling of statistical data. A progress in this field is presented in this paper by the developing of a new versatile measuring system EPOS (Earthquake Precursor Observation System) based on experiences and recent results from different re- search groups. EPOS is an

T. Streil; M. Balczar; V. Oeser

2002-01-01

85

62 FR 58862 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research; Rehabilitation Engineering Research...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rehabilitation Research; Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers; Proposed Funding...Rehabilitation Research; Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers; Proposed Funding...Years 1998- 1999 for Rehabilitation Engineering Research...

1997-10-30

86

International collaboration in SW engineering research projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many software engineering research projects are conducted within university computer science and computing departments or colleges. Every computer or computing department has its own experiences, successes or pitfalls in software engineering and software development teaching, which would be useful to share and discuss with the education community. In this paper we discuss the international software engineering research project experiences and

Youry Khmelevsky; Vasyliy Ustimenko; Gatan Hains; Chris Kluka; Erol Ozan; Dmitry Syrotovsky

2011-01-01

87

Lessons Learned from Creating the Public Earthquake Resource Center at CERI  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI) at the University of Memphis opened the Public Earthquake Resource Center (PERC) in May 2004. The PERC is an interactive display area that was designed to increase awareness of seismology, Earth Science, earthquake hazards, and earthquake engineering among the general public and K-12 teachers and students. Funding for the PERC is provided

G. L. Patterson; D. Michelle; A. Johnston

2004-01-01

88

A kind of information on short-term and imminent earthquake precursorsresearch on atmospheric electric field anomalies before earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-time practice of observational research on earthquake prediction has shown that the information on short-term and\\u000a imminent earthquake precursors can hardly be detected, but it is very important for practical and effective earthquake prediction.\\u000a The result of analysis and study in this paper has shown that the anomaly of quasi-static atmospheric electric field may be\\u000a a kind of reliable

Jian-Guo Hao; Tian-Ming Tang; De-Rui Li

1998-01-01

89

Addressing earthquake strong ground motion issues at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

In the course of reassessing seismic hazards at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), several key issues have been raised concerning the effects of the earthquake source and site geology on potential strong ground motions that might be generated by a large earthquake. The design earthquake for the INEL is an approximate moment magnitude (M{sub w}) 7 event that may occur on the southern portion of the Lemhi fault, a Basin and Range normal fault that is located on the northwestern boundary of the eastern Snake River Plain and the INEL, within 10 to 27km of several major facilities. Because the locations of these facilities place them at close distances to a large earthquake and generally along strike of the causative fault, the effects of source rupture dynamics (e.g., directivity) could be critical in enhancing potential ground shaking at the INEL. An additional source issue that has been addressed is the value of stress drop to use in ground motions predictions. In terms of site geology, it has been questioned whether the interbedded volcanic stratigraphy beneath the ESRP and the INEL attenuates ground motions to a greater degree than a typical rock site in the western US. These three issues have been investigated employing a stochastic ground motion methodology which incorporates the Band-Limited-White-Noise source model for both a point source and finite fault, random vibration theory and an equivalent linear approach to model soil response.

Wong, I.G. [Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Oakland, CA (United States); Silva, W.J.; Stark, C.L. [Pacific Engineering & Analysis, El Cerrito, CA (United States); Jackson, S.; Smith, R.P. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1991-12-31

90

Addressing earthquake strong ground motion issues at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

In the course of reassessing seismic hazards at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), several key issues have been raised concerning the effects of the earthquake source and site geology on potential strong ground motions that might be generated by a large earthquake. The design earthquake for the INEL is an approximate moment magnitude (M{sub w}) 7 event that may occur on the southern portion of the Lemhi fault, a Basin and Range normal fault that is located on the northwestern boundary of the eastern Snake River Plain and the INEL, within 10 to 27km of several major facilities. Because the locations of these facilities place them at close distances to a large earthquake and generally along strike of the causative fault, the effects of source rupture dynamics (e.g., directivity) could be critical in enhancing potential ground shaking at the INEL. An additional source issue that has been addressed is the value of stress drop to use in ground motions predictions. In terms of site geology, it has been questioned whether the interbedded volcanic stratigraphy beneath the ESRP and the INEL attenuates ground motions to a greater degree than a typical rock site in the western US. These three issues have been investigated employing a stochastic ground motion methodology which incorporates the Band-Limited-White-Noise source model for both a point source and finite fault, random vibration theory and an equivalent linear approach to model soil response.

Wong, I.G. (Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Oakland, CA (United States)); Silva, W.J.; Stark, C.L. (Pacific Engineering Analysis, El Cerrito, CA (United States)); Jackson, S.; Smith, R.P. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))

1991-01-01

91

Success of EPA's Stratospheric Ozone Engineering Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper summarizes recent successes in, as well as work in progress (with the cooperation of industry) on, EPA's stratospheric ozone engineering research. The Montreal Protocol and U.S. regulations implementing the Protocol necessitate that engineering ...

W. J. Rhodes P. S. Shapiro

1990-01-01

92

Educational Outreach Strategy Involves Students in Earthquake Hazard Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes how students in Alaska are helping scientists study earthquake hazards by conducting global positioning system (GPS) measurements in order to track crustal movements in the Earth's crust. It points out the importance for Alaskan inhabitants of understanding the hazards and physical processes associated with earthquakes, describes how the students located and installed a network of GPS receivers, and how repeated measurements enable scientists to estimate the accumulation of strain and thus the potential for seismic activity in the region.

93

Mechanical Engineering Department engineering research: Annual report, FY 1986  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides information on the five areas of research interest in LLNL's Mechanical Engineering Department. In Computer Code Development, a solid geometric modeling program is described. In Dynamic Systems and Control, structure control and structure dynamics are discussed. Fabrication technology involves machine cutting, interferometry, and automated optical component manufacturing. Materials engineering reports on composite material research and measurement of

R. M. Denney; K. L. Essary; M. S. Genin; H. H. Highstone; J. D. Hymer; S. O. Taft

1986-01-01

94

Summaries of FY 1990 engineering research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The BES Engineering Research Program is one of the component research programs which collectively constitute the DOE Basic Energy Sciences program. The DOE Basic Energy Sciences program supports energy related research in the physical and biological scien...

1990-01-01

95

Introducing Students to Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The European Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA) is one of the world's main laboratories for seismic studies. Besides its research activities, it also aims to bring applied science closer to the public. This article describes teaching activities based on a demonstration shaking table which is used to introduce the structural dynamics of

Anthoine, Armelle; Marazzi, Francesco; Tirelli, Daniel

2010-01-01

96

Earthquake prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake prediction research programmes in a number of countries are reviewed together with achievements in various disciplines involved in earthquake prediction research, i.e., geodetic work, tide gauge observation, continuous observation of crustal movement, seismic activity and seismological method, seismic wave velocity, geotectonic work, geomagnetic and geoelectric work and laboratory work and its application in the field. Present-day development of earthquake

Tsuneji Rikitake

1968-01-01

97

The Role of Science and Engineering in Response and Reconstruction Following the 2010 Haiti Earthquake (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake (M7) provoked a strong interest in assistance, from people worldwide. Scientists and engineers offered their assistance in many forms, including the inspection of buildings and infrastructure to determine their safety for occupancy, and the monitoring of aftershock activity to better locate the causal fault and improve hazard analysis. Disaster specialists usually refer to four phases of emergency management: mitigation; preparedness; response; and recovery (or reconstruction). Mitigation and preparedness had been given low priority, given other challenges in the country, and the tasks associated with those phases must now be part of the recovery or reconstruction phase. At the same time as the humanitarian response effort was underway, the scientific and engineering communities developed plans for two general tasks: (1) assisting the community in their immediate needs; and (2) studying the effects and properties of the earthquake and its aftershocks. Some of the scientists and engineers had personal connections within Haiti, and organized their self-funded efforts through them; others followed a more formal route through funding agencies and international governmental protocol. The funded scientific studies and formal engineering analyses form the basis of this discussion. The engineering efforts spawned an independent review of damaged buildings, labeling them as appropriate either for occupancy, for occupancy after repairs, or for demolition. The scientific efforts led to a number of new observations and concerns over the actual causative fault and possible implications for future hazard. Both the scientific and engineering efforts are providing valuable information that is, and will continue to be, useful in improving our understanding of risk mitigation in Haiti and other places facing similar hazards. As the response phase gradually evolved into the recovery or reconstruction phase, the scientific and engineering communities united with the policy community in the USA to try to influence the reconstruction of Haiti using sound scientific and engineering practices. A workshop was held in late March in Miami on the subject of Rebuilding for Resilience: How Science and Engineering Can Inform Haitis Reconstruction. Details, including the key findings and presentations from the workshop, are available at http://www.iris.edu/hq/haiti_workshop/ . The scientific and engineering communities are becoming more aware of the relationship of their work to the needs of stricken or vulnerable communities, and many scientists and engineers have become personally and professionally involved improving the interaction with the humanitarian community. This work is not easy, and will fail unless individual scientists and engineers assume personal responsibility for continuing to promote good practices while assisting the capacity-building within recovering countries and those at risk.

Pennington, W. D.

2010-12-01

98

Preliminary Report on the Geotechnical Engineering Aspects of the June 15 and June 21, 1999, Mexican Earthquakes of the Churches  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 15, 1999, an earthquake registering seven on the Richter scale shocked Central Mexico -- to be followed less than a week later by a quake of 6.3. The "Preliminary Report on the Geotechnical Engineering Aspects of the June 15 and June 21 1999 Mexican Earthquakes of the Churches" summarizes earthquake reconnaissance efforts conducted by students and faculty from the University of California at Berkeley (UCB) and the National Autonomous University of Mexico. The report (html and .pdf) focusses on seismic geotechnical considerations and the effects that quakes of this magnitude have had on the outlying cities and their structures. This substantive report is beautifully enhanced with charts, photographs, and maps.

Romo, M. P.; Bray, J. D.; Seed, R. B.; Sancio, R. B.; Moss, R. E.; Mayoral, J. M.

1999-01-01

99

Engine Research Center of West Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

West Virginia University has prepared this informative website on Engine and Emissions Research. Students and Teachers can learn about mechanical and aerospace engineering through illuminating paragraph explanations, project designs, and papers on the subject. The tutorial section is particularly helpful in understanding and learning about planes, engines, and the relevant science behind flight. The goal of the site is to provide information on engine testing, alternative fuels and emissions, dynamometers dilution tunnels, and fuel management.

2007-07-14

100

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funds research and training in the UK in engineering and the physical sciences. Viewing public engagement as important for stimulating interest in research, inspiring future generations of researchers and, "helping the research base evolve in tune with the changing needs of a more informed society," the EPSRC also promotes public awareness of science and engineering, providing a good deal of resources and links online. Research reports and briefs from some of the collaborating institutions' work on a wide range of research projects in engineering, the physical sciences and mathematics are all available in the Publications section. Other sections describe activities for young people and teachers, and research opportunities for graduate students.

101

From Earthquake Prediction Research to Time-Variable Seismic Hazard Assessment Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first part of the paper defines the terms and classifications common in earthquake prediction research and applications.\\u000a This is followed by short reviews of major earthquake prediction programs initiated since World War II in several countries,\\u000a for example the former USSR, China, Japan, the United States, and several European countries. It outlines the underlying expectations,\\u000a concepts, and hypotheses, introduces

Peter Bormann

2011-01-01

102

UNLVs environmentally friendly Science and Engineering Building is monitored for earthquake shaking  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) Science and Engineering Building is at the cutting edge of environmentally friendly design. As the result of a recent effort by the U.S. Geological Surveys National Strong Motion Project in cooperation with UNLV, the building is now also in the forefront of buildings installed with structural monitoring systems to measure response during earthquakes. This is particularly important because this is the first such building in Las Vegas. The seismic instrumentation will provide essential data to better understand the structural performance of buildings, especially in this seismically active region.

Kalkan, Erol; Savage, Woody; Reza, Shahneam; Knight, Eric; Tian, Ying

2013-01-01

103

United States Council on Geotechnical Engineering Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Council on Geotechnical Engineering Research provides this website to "provide advocacy for the continued development and expansion of high quality geotechnical engineering research and education by US academic institutions." The site features many different items, these include things such as, images, animations and interactive resources.

2008-10-08

104

Research on biomedical engineering in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The background and development of biocybernetics and biomedical engineering in Poland is presented. The present organisational structure in this field is shown. The main research activities are discussed and the Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, the leading research institution in this field in Poland, is described. Finally new trends of activities are mentioned

M. Nalecz; R. Maniewski; W. Torbicz

1996-01-01

105

Applications of research from the U.S. Geological Survey program, assessment of regional earthquake hazards and risk along the Wasatch Front, Utah  

USGS Publications Warehouse

INTERACTIVE WORKSHOPS: ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS RESEARCH AND REDUCTION PROGRAM IN THE WASATCH FRONT, UTAH: Interactive workshops provided the forum and stimulus necessary to foster collaboration among the participants in the multidisciplinary, 5-yr program of earthquake hazards reduction in the Wasatch Front, Utah. The workshop process validated well-documented social science theories on the importance of interpersonal interaction, including interaction between researchers and users of research to increase the probability that research will be relevant to the user's needs and, therefore, more readily used. REDUCING EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS IN UTAH: THE CRUCIAL CONNECTION BETWEEN RESEARCHERS AND PRACTITIONERS: Complex scientific and engineering studies must be translated for and transferred to nontechnical personnel for use in reducing earthquake hazards in Utah. The three elements needed for effective translation, likelihood of occurrence, location, and severity of potential hazards, and the three elements needed for effective transfer, delivery, assistance, and encouragement, are described and illustrated for Utah. The importance of evaluating and revising earthquake hazard reduction programs and their components is emphasized. More than 30 evaluations of various natural hazard reduction programs and techniques are introduced. This report was prepared for research managers, funding sources, and evaluators of the Utah earthquake hazard reduction program who are concerned about effectiveness. An overview of the Utah program is provided for those researchers, engineers, planners, and decisionmakers, both public and private, who are committed to reducing human casualties, property damage, and interruptions of socioeconomic systems. PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EARTHQUAKE MITIGATION POLICIES ALONG THE WASATCH FRONT IN UTAH: The earthquake hazard potential along the Wasatch Front in Utah has been well defined by a number of scientific and engineering studies. Translated earthquake hazard maps have also been developed to identify areas that are particularly vulnerable to various causes of damage such as ground shaking, surface rupturing, and liquefaction. The implementation of earthquake hazard reduction plans are now under way in various communities in Utah. The results of a survey presented in this paper indicate that technical public officials (planners and building officials) have an understanding of the earthquake hazards and how to mitigate the risks. Although the survey shows that the general public has a slightly lower concern about the potential for economic losses, they recognize the potential problems and can support a number of earthquake mitigation measures. The study suggests that many community groups along the Wasatch Front, including volunteer groups, business groups, and elected and appointed officials, are ready for action-oriented educational programs. These programs could lead to a significant reduction in the risks associated with earthquake hazards. A DATA BASE DESIGNED FOR URBAN SEISMIC HAZARDS STUDIES: A computerized data base has been designed for use in urban seismic hazards studies conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey. The design includes file structures for 16 linked data sets, which contain geological, geophysical, and seismological data used in preparing relative ground response maps of large urban areas. The data base is organized along relational data base principles. A prototype urban hazards data base has been created for evaluation in two urban areas currently under investigation: the Wasatch Front region of Utah and the Puget Sound area of Washington. The initial implementation of the urban hazards data base was accomplished on a microcomputer using dBASE III Plus software and transferred to minicomputers and a work station. A MAPPING OF GROUND-SHAKING INTENSITIES FOR SALT LAKE COUNTY, UTAH: This paper documents the development of maps showing a

Edited by Gori, Paula L.

1993-01-01

106

One research from turkey on groundwater level changes related earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groundwater levels are recorded by limnigraphs in drilling wells in order to determine groundwater potential accurately and reliable under hydrogeological studies in Turkey State Haydraulic Works (DSI) set the limnigraphs to estimate mainly groundwater potential. Any well is drilled to determine and to obtain data on water level changes related earthquake up today. The main purpose of these studies are

H. Kirmizitas; G. Gktepe

2003-01-01

107

Prediction of broad-band strong ground motions from large subduction earthquakes using a characterized source model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Japan, long-term probabilities of several large subduction earthquakes have been evaluated by the Headquaters for Earthquake Research Promotion. In order to mitigate the disaster caused by such earthquakes, it is very important to predict broad-band strong ground motions of engineering interest before events. A methodology has been proposed for estimating strong ground motions from scenario earthquakes caused by active

K. Kamae; H. Kawabe; K. Irikura

2002-01-01

108

Directions in automotive engine research and development  

SciTech Connect

The advent of high fuel costs and automotive fuel economy and emission regulations has cast doubt on the economic superiority and even the technical feasibility of conventional spark ignition and diesel engines, and has opened the field to other concepts. The emission regulations and their effect on the design and efficiency of conventional engines are reviewed, the research and development effort to improve the performance of conventional engines and to develop advanced engines is discussed, and the current status of these engines is presented.

Samuels, G.

1980-01-01

109

Writing good software engineering research papers: minitutorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software engineering researchers solve problems of several different kinds. To do so, they produce several different kinds of results, and they should develop appropriate evidence to validate these results. They often report their research in conference papers. I analyzed the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identify the types of research reported in the submitted

Mary Shaw

2003-01-01

110

FY08 Engineering Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2008. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: 'Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow.' Engineering's mission is carried out through basic research and technology development. Research is the vehicle for creating competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class groundwork to be fully understood. Our technology efforts are discipline-oriented, preparing research breakthroughs for broader application to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for technology-based projects is 'reduction to practice.' As we pursue this two-pronged approach, an enormous range of technological capabilities result. This report combines our work in research and technology into one volume, organized into thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation. Our investments in these areas serve not only known programmatic requirements of today and tomorrow, but also anticipate the breakthrough engineering innovations that will be needed in the future.

Minichino, C; McNichols, D

2009-02-24

111

From Earthquake Prediction Research to Time-Variable Seismic Hazard Assessment Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first part of the paper defines the terms and classifications common in earthquake prediction research and applications. This is followed by short reviews of major earthquake prediction programs initiated since World War II in several countries, for example the former USSR, China, Japan, the United States, and several European countries. It outlines the underlying expectations, concepts, and hypotheses, introduces the technologies and methodologies applied and some of the results obtained, which include both partial successes and failures. Emphasis is laid on discussing the scientific reasons why earthquake prediction research is so difficult and demanding and why the prospects are still so vague, at least as far as short-term and imminent predictions are concerned. However, classical probabilistic seismic hazard assessments, widely applied during the last few decades, have also clearly revealed their limitations. In their simple form, they are time-independent earthquake rupture forecasts based on the assumption of stable long-term recurrence of earthquakes in the seismotectonic areas under consideration. Therefore, during the last decade, earthquake prediction research and pilot applications have focused mainly on the development and rigorous testing of long and medium-term rupture forecast models in which event probabilities are conditioned by the occurrence of previous earthquakes, and on their integration into neo-deterministic approaches for improved time-variable seismic hazard assessment. The latter uses stress-renewal models that are calibrated for variations in the earthquake cycle as assessed on the basis of historical, paleoseismic, and other data, often complemented by multi-scale seismicity models, the use of pattern-recognition algorithms, and site-dependent strong-motion scenario modeling. International partnerships and a global infrastructure for comparative testing have recently been developed, for example the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) with test regions in California, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, and the Western Pacific. Algorithms and data bases are operated in a permanently learning and upgrading mode. Future perspectives and research requirements and the feasibility and possible problems encountered with the implementation of earthquake predictions in practice are briefly summarized.

Bormann, Peter

2011-01-01

112

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory has been focused at (1) development of mathematical models and analytical tools for predicting component and engine performance, and (2) experimental research into fundamental heat transfer and fluid flow phenomena occurring in Stirling cycle devices. A result of the analytical effort has been the formation of a computer library specifically for Stirling engine researchers and developers. The library contains properties of structural materials commonly used, thermophysical properties of several working fluids, correlations for heat transfer calculations and general specifications of mechanical arrangements (including various drive mechanisms) that can be utilized to model a particular engine. The library also contains alternative modules to perform analysis at different levels of sophistication, including design optimization. A reversing flow heat transfer facility is operating at Argonne to provide data at prototypic Stirling engine operating conditions under controlled laboratory conditions. This information is needed to validate analytical models.

Holtz, R.E.; Daley, J.G.; Roach, P.D.

1986-06-01

113

From the rupture to the buildings: reconciling engineering evidences of the April 6 2009 LAquila earthquake (Mw 6.3)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The April 6 2009 LAquila earthquake (Mw 6.3) was the first case, in Italy, of a well recorded seismic event the near-source region of which is densely populated of engineering structures. In fact, because of the short distance from the fault (0km Joyner and Boore distance), the strong motion parameters relevant for the damage description may not be obtained by 1D attenuation relationships, which do not account for fault extension and fail in the fault vicinity. On the other hand, the large amount of data coming from strong-motion, regional and teleseismic records, GPS, SAR, surface geology, geotechnical profiles and detailed damage surveys provide an unique opportunity to investigate the effects of the rupture and propagation on the seismic response of buildings. Because in Italy the current state of earthquake engineering research and its interaction with bordering Earth Sciences may be considered advanced, also because it recently benefitted of large research programs funded by the governmental department for civil protection, a research group (AQ-FII) has been set up to apply an integrated approach to reconcile earthquake engineering evidences from the event. State-of-the art models are employed to simulate source, path, site effects and engineering systems response. This ambitious project has a threefold scope: (1) to confirm and/or explore seismologic near-fault effects and their modelling issues; (2) to deepen structural and geotechnical engineering understanding of near-source seismic response and observed variability at small scale (i.e., individual structure level); (3) to validate the comprehensive and multi-disciplinary approach to earthquake science invoked in the last decades. The AQ-FII group includes: a seismological component for the modelling of the source and radiation; a geological component characterizing the propagation features at large scale in the region (the Aterno valley); a geotechnical competency for the characterization of selected site effects; and a structural engineering component for the simulation of nonlinear seismic response and damage for a selected suite of reinforced concrete buildings. Calibration of all steps is empirical and requires field investigations. As a side task, an attempt is also made to reconcile macroseismic intensity data observed in the area with the expected damage from simulated ground shaking. In this study the work breakdown structure, actual and wish-list input data, critical issues, ongoing work and preliminary results are presented and discussed.

Convertito, V.; Iervolino, I.; Calcaterra, D.; de Luca Tupputi, F.; Santo, A.; di Crescenzo, G.; Festa, G.; Zollo, A.; Silvestri, F.; D'Onofrio, A.; Simonelli, A.; Manfredi, G.; Verderame, G.; Ricci, P.; James, V.; Penna, A.; Sica, S.; Monaco, P.; Totani, G.

2009-12-01

114

FY06 Engineering Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2006. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow''. Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out primarily through two internal programs: the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program and the technology base, or ''Tech Base'', program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating technologies and competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class research to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to prepare those technologies to be more broadly applicable to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice''. Thus, LDRD reports have a strong research emphasis, while Tech Base reports document discipline-oriented, core competency activities. This report combines the LDRD and Tech Base summaries into one volume, organized into six thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Precision Engineering; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation.

Minichino, C; Alves, S W; Anderson, A T; Bennett, C V; Brown, C G; Brown, W D; Chinn, D; Clague, D; Clark, G; Cook, E G; Davidson, J C; Deri, R J; Dougherty, G; Fasenfest, B J; Florando, J N; Fulkerson, E S; Haugen, P; Heebner, J E; Hickling, T; Huber, R; Hunter, S L; Javedani, J; Kallman, J S; Kegelmeyer, L M; Koning, J; Kosovic, B; Kroll, J J; LeBlanc, M; Lin, J; Mariella, R P; Miles, R; Nederbragt, W W; Ness, K D; Nikolic, R J; Paglieroni, D; Pannu, S; Pierce, E; Pocha, M D; Poland, D N; Puso, M A; Quarry, M J; Rhee, M; Romero, C E; Rose, K A; Sain, J D; Sharpe, R M; Spadaccini, C M; Stolken, J S; Van Buuren, A; Wemhoff, A; White, D; Yao, Y

2007-01-22

115

SUCCESS OF EPA'S STRATOSPHERIC OZONE ENGINEERING RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper summarizes recent successes in, as well as work in progress (with the cooperation of industry) on, EPA's stratospheric ozone engineering research. he Montreal Protocol and U.S. regulations implementing the Protocol necessitate that engineering solutions be found and imp...

116

Enhancing Engineering Education through Undergraduate Research Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in the University of the Philippines, Diliman requires its undergraduate students to take a course where they will do an undergraduate research project. This paper presents the history of the course, the way the course is handled, and how the course can enhance engineering education. The objective of the course is for the

Joel Reyes Noche

2001-01-01

117

Research on Man, Genetic Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains a critique of present-day social-biologism and neogenetics, the social-ethical problem of genetic engineering. The sections of the report are as follows: (1) prospect of man (a critique of present-day social-biologism and neogenetics--...

I. T. Frolov

1975-01-01

118

Writing Good Software Engineering Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

What concrete evidence shows that your result Software engineering researchers solve problems of several different kinds. To do so, they produce several different kinds of results, and they should develop appropriate evidence to validate these results. They often report their research in conference papers. I analyzed the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identify

Mary Shaw

2003-01-01

119

Empirical research methods for software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This full day tutorial introduces the use of empirical methods appropriate to research in automated software engineering. Using a blend of lecture and discussion, it aims to provide ASE researchers and practitioners with a foundation for conducting and critiquing empirical studies. The tutorial covers of the principal methods applicable to ASE: controlled experiments, quasi-experiments, case studies, survey research, ethnographies, and

Steve M. Easterbrook

2007-01-01

120

FY07 Engineering Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2007. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: 'Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow'. Engineering's mission is carried out through research and technology. Research is the vehicle for creating competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class groundwork to be fully understood. The technology efforts are discipline-oriented, preparing research breakthroughs for broader application to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for technology-based projects is 'reduction to practice'. This report combines the work in research and technology into one volume, organized into thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation.

Minichino, C

2008-02-06

121

Research Opportunities in Corrosion Science and Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The field of corrosion science and engineering is on the threshold of important advances. To better comprehend corrosion and its effects, researchers have embraced emerging advances across many fields of science and technology to gain understanding of the...

2011-01-01

122

Summaries of FY 1985 Engineering Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Following an overview of the Engineering Research program, brief summaries are given for each of the 100 individual projects. Each summary gives the name of the institution carrying out the work, names of the investigators, project title, brief descriptio...

1985-01-01

123

Summaries of FY 1991 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the BES Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1991; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The organizational chart for the DOE Office of Energy Research (OER) delineates the six Divisions within the OER Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report we asked the principal investigators to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1991. Major topics covered include fluid mechanics, fracture mechanics, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering.

Not Available

1991-11-01

124

Engineering research progress report, FY84  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering Research Program in the Mechanical Engineering Department, guided by Associate Director for Engineering H.C. McDonald, seeks new knowledge for mechanical-engineering applications of immediate or potential interest to the Laboratory. In FY84, the Program supported 10 projects with a budget of $1,622,000. These projects enhanced the mechanical-engineering technology base in four thrust areas which are strongly related: (1) Surface Measurements and Characterization (1 project); (2) Fabrication Technology (2 projects); (3) Materials Characterization and Behavior (5 projects); (4) Computer-Aided Engineering (2 projects). This progress report presents the activities pursued by members of the Program during FY84. It emphasizes work done in the second half of the year and gives an overview of the accomplishments of the first half. Readers who want a detailed account of work done during the first half of the year are directed to an earlier report (Engineering Research Progress Report, October 1983-March 1984, UCID-19323-84-2). The Engineering Research Program attaches great importance to information exchange and technology transfer with technical communities both inside and outside the Laboratory. Readers desiring more information on the activities reported here are encouraged to contact the authors.

Adye, P.; Bruner, J.M.; Denney, R.M.; Kamelgarn, M.B. (eds.)

1984-12-01

125

67 FR 41766 - Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERC) Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERC) Program...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERC) Program AGENCY...priorities for up to five Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERCs). The...

2002-06-19

126

Proceedings of the Regional Seminar on Earthquake Engineering (13th). Held in Istanbul, Turkey on September 14-24, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Of primary concern in earthquake-engineering practice is to predict the vulnerability of building structures erected in seismic prone areas. It is intended here, to emphasize the role and importance of actual soil-structure inter-systems connectivity in v...

1987-01-01

127

A very brief history of earthquake engineering with emphasis on developments in and from the British Isles  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the founders of modern earthquake engineering, George Housner, often states that it is too early to write a historical review of the development of this interesting and inter-disciplinary topic. This is indeed true, but without minor contributions along the line, the prospects of writing such a review diminish with time. The endeavour is certainly premature. Notwithstanding, the paper

Amr S Elnashai

2002-01-01

128

Stirling engine supporting research and technology  

SciTech Connect

The supporting research and technology effort is intended to provide technical support to the current engine program and also to investigate advanced concepts for the next generation of Stirling engines. Technical areas represented are: seals, materials, engine experiments, combustion, system analysis, ceramics, and tribology. This paper presents a collage of more recent work in each area. Under seals, analysis and some experimental data on the effect of wear on rod seal performance are presented. The material work described concerns the effect of water content on hydrogen permeation. Results of experiments with the Philips' Advenco engine are presented. A comparison is made of two combustor nozzles, an air-atomizing and an ultrasonic atomizing nozzle. A new venture in systems analysis to provide more rigorous Stirling engine simulation is discussed. The results of hydrogen corrosion tests on silicon carbide are presented. Friction and wear tests on candidate materials for engine ''hot ring'' tests are discussed.

Tomazic, W.A.

1985-01-01

129

Earthquake-induced liquefaction of fine-grained soils - considerations from Japanese research. Final report, October 1986-September 1988  

SciTech Connect

Liquefaction potential of various types of soils has received a great deal of research attention in the geotechnical community over the previous two decades. Dramatic occurrences of liquefaction in saturated deposits of fine, uniformly graded sands in the Japanese city of Niigata and surrounding areas resulting from ground shaking during the 16 June 1964 earthquake spawned extensive studies to develop methodologies for assessing the potential for liquefaction of predominantly clean sands throughout Japan and worldwide. Japanese researchers have recently performed laboratory and field studies to assess the influence of variations in grain-size distribution and soil-index properties of liquefaction potential of fine-grained soils. Several Corps of Engineers dams in seismically active areas are founded on fine-grained, low plasticity alluvial deposits. This report reviews current practices applied to study the phenomenon of fine-grained soil liquefaction, with emphasis on recent Japanese laboratory and in situ testing research. The findings will promote efficiency of effort in the conduct of subsequent laboratory-testing efforts toward the development of specific procedures for use by the Corps and others in assessing the potential for earthquake-induced liquefaction to occur in fine-grained soils.

Koester, J.P.; Tsuchida, T.

1988-12-01

130

Understanding Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article provides a brief description of the recent earthquakes in Pakistan and Sumatra and continues with an investigation of earthquakes and their causes. Topics include the relationship of earthquakes to plate tectonics and the structure of the Earth, especially faults; factors that contribute to the strength (magnitude) of earthquakes; and the uncertainties of earthquake prediction. There is also an overview of a research project to drill into the San Andreas fault, and a history of the development of the theory of plate tectonics. A bibliography and links to additional information are also provided.

Tenenbaum, David

1999-09-02

131

Eco-environmental research on the Wenchuan Earthquake area using Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC) Beijing1 small satellite images  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces Beijing-1 and its applications in researching the eco-environment after the Wenchuan Earthquake on 12 May 2008. The land use\\/cover types of a study area close to the epicentre of the earthquake, taken before and after the earthquake, were classified using Beijing-1 small satellite multispectral images. Based on the land use\\/cover change, several eco-environmental problems were studied, including

Fei Wu; Bingyang Yu; Ming Yan; Zhiyong Wang

2010-01-01

132

Spectral Characteristics of Noise in Broadband Stations of Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institue  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the seismic noise levels of the Broadband Stations operated by Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institue, in Turkey are investigated for periods ranging from 0.01 to 100 sec. The data are selected to reflect different conditions including seasonal and daily variations. The method which was applied consisted of first removing the instrument response to obtain

A. Koseoglu Kusmezer; M. Aktar

2008-01-01

133

Postseismic Deformation after the 1964 Great Alaskan Earthquake: Collaborative Research with Goddard Space Flight Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project was to carry out GPS observations on the Kenai Peninsula, southern Alaska, in order to study the postseismic and contemporary deformation following the 1964 Alaska earthquake. All of the research supported in this grant was car...

J. T. Freymueller

1999-01-01

134

Based on time series similarity matching algorithm for earthquake prediction research  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of analyzing the newly time sequence research achievement nowadays, several definitions on seismological zone relativity are put forward in this paper for integrating the large amount of history earthquake source data and the experimental expert knowledge in seismological field. At the same time, the time sequence similarity-matching model of the relevant seismological zone is presented, and then

Li Wei; Zheng Hua; Qiu Jianfeng; Lin Chen; Jiang Afang

2010-01-01

135

Earthquakes in Arkansas and vicinity 1699-2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This map summarizes approximately 300 years of earthquake activity in Arkansas. It is one in a series of similar State earthquake history maps. Work on the Arkansas map was done in collaboration with the Arkansas Geological Survey. The earthquake data plotted on the map are from several sources: the Arkansas Geological Survey, the Center for Earthquake Research and Information, the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality. In addition to earthquake locations, other materials presented include seismic hazard and isoseismal maps and related text. Earthquakes are a legitimate concern in Arkansas and parts of adjacent states. Arkansas has undergone a number of significant felt earthquakes since 1811. At least two of these events caused property damage: a magnitude 4.7 earthquake in 1931, and a magnitude 4.3 earthquake in 1967. The map shows all historical and instrumentally located earthquakes in Arkansas and vicinity between 1811 and 2010. The largest historic earthquake in the vicinity of the State was an intensity XI event, on December 16, 1811; the first earthquake in the New Madrid sequence. This violent event and the earthquakes that followed caused considerable damage to the then sparsely settled region.

Dart, Richard L.; Ausbrooks, Scott M.

2011-01-01

136

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AT JRC-ELSA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ELSA laboratory is equipped with a large reaction-wall facility and has acquired its best expertise on the development\\u000a and implementation of innovative experimental techniques mainly related to testing large-scale specimens by means of the pseudodynamic\\u000a method. Apart from the relevant achievements within the testing techniques, such as the continuous pseudodynamic test and\\u000a the development of effective techniques for the

F. Molina

137

Electronics Engineering Research. Final report, FY 1979  

SciTech Connect

Accomplishments in Electronics Engineering Research (EER) during FY79 spanned a broad range of technologies, from high-speed microelectronics to digital image enhancement; from underground probing with electromagnetic waves to detecting neutrons with a small solid-state device; and from computer systems to aid engineers, to software tools to aid programmers. This report describes the overall EER program and its objectives, summarizes progress made in FY79, and outlines plans for FY80.

Weissenberger, S. (ed.)

1980-01-01

138

Earthquakes, Cities, and Lifelines: lessons integrating tectonics, society, and engineering in middle school Earth Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquakes are one of the most widely covered geologic processes by the media. As a result students, even at the middle school level, arrive in the classroom with preconceptions about the importance and hazards posed by earthquakes. Therefore earthquakes represent not only an attractive topic to engage students when introducing tectonics, but also a means to help students understand the

N. Toke; A. Johnson; K. Nelson

2010-01-01

139

Summaries of FY 1993 Engineering Research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the BES Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1993; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The organizational chart for the DOE Office of Energy Research (OER) on the next page delineates the six Divisions within the OER Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report we asked the principal investigators to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1993. The summaries received have been edited if necessary.

Not Available

1993-09-01

140

DEVELOPMENT OF EARTHQUAKE ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY IN NCREE  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to promote researches in seismic hazard analysis, engineering structural damage assessment, and socio-economic loss estimation in Taiwan, the National Science Council started the HAZ-Taiwan project in 1998. The National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering also develops the associated application software \\

Chin-Hsun Yeh; Chin-Hsiung Loh; Keh-Chyuan Tsai

141

Summaries of FY 1996 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1996; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report the principal investigators were asked to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1996. The summaries received have been edited if necessary, but the press for timely publication made it impractical to have the investigators review and approve the revised summaries prior to publication. For more information about a given project, it is suggested that the investigators be contacted directly.

NONE

1997-06-01

142

Tissue engineering: from research to dental clinics  

PubMed Central

Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that combines the principles of engineering, material and biological sciences toward the development of therapeutic strategies and biological substitutes that restore, maintain, replace or improve biological functions. The association of biomaterials, stem cells, growth and differentiation factors have yielded the development of new treatment opportunities in most of the biomedical areas, including Dentistry. The objective of this paper is to present the principles underlying tissue engineering and the current scenario, the challenges and the perspectives of this area in Dentistry. Significance The growth of tissue engineering as a research field have provided a novel set of therapeutic strategies for biomedical applications. The emerging knowledge arisen from studies in the dental area may translate into new methods for caring or improving the alternatives used to treat patients in the daily clinic.

Rosa, Vinicius; Bona, Alvaro Della; Cavalcanti, Bruno Neves; Nor, Jacques Eduardo

2013-01-01

143

Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers. Special Issue: Commemoration of Chi-Chi Earthquake (II)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contents include the following: Deep Electromagnetic Images of Seismogenic Zone of the Chi-Chi (Taiwan) Earthquake; New Techniques for Stress-Forecasting Earthquakes; Aspects of Characteristics of Near-Fault Ground Motions of the 1999 Chi-Chi (Taiwan) Earthquake; Liquefaction Damage and Related Remediation in Wufeng after the Chi-Chi Earthquake; Fines Content Effects on Liquefaction Potential Evaluation for Sites Liquefied during Chi-Chi Earthquake 1999; Damage Investigation and Liquefaction Potential Analysis of Gravelly Soil; Dynamic Characteristics of Soils in Yuan-Lin Liquefaction Area; A Preliminary Study of Earthquake Building Damage and Life Loss Due to the Chi-Chi Earthquake; Statistical Analyses of Relation between Mortality and Building Type in the 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake; Development of an After Earthquake Disaster Shelter Evaluation Model; Posttraumatic Stress Reactions in Children and Adolescents One Year after the 1999 Taiwan Chi-Chi Earthquake; Changes or Not is the Question: the Meaning of Posttraumatic Stress Reactions One Year after the Taiwan Chi-Chi Earthquake.

2002-09-01

144

Earthquake prediction, societal implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"If I were a brilliant scientist, I would be working on earthquake prediction." This is a statement from a Los Angeles radio talk show I heard just after the Northridge earthquake of January 17, 1994. Five weeks later, at a monthly meeting of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), where more than two hundred scientists and engineers gathered to exchange notes on the earthquake, a distinguished French geologist who works on earthquake faults in China envied me for working now in southern California. This place is like northeastern China 20 years ago, when high seismicity and research activities led to the successful prediction of the Haicheng earthquake of February 4, 1975 with magnitude 7.3. A difficult question still haunting us [Aki, 1989] is whether the Haicheng prediction was founded on the physical reality of precursory phenomena or on the wishful thinking of observers subjected to the political pressure which encouraged precursor reporting. It is, however, true that a successful life-saving prediction like the Haicheng prediction can only be carried out by the coordinated efforts of decision makers and physical scientists.

Aki, Keiiti

1995-07-01

145

WTEC Panel Report on Tissue Engineering Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a comparative review of tissue engineering research and development activities in the United States, Japan, and Western Europe conducted by a panel of leading U.S. experts in the field. It covers biomaterials, cells, biomolecules, non-medic...

D. J. Mooney H. P. Greisler L. Griffith L. V. McIntire P. C. Johnson

2002-01-01

146

Earthquakes in Mississippi and vicinity 1811-2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This map summarizes two centuries of earthquake activity in Mississippi. Work on the Mississippi map was done in collaboration with the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, Office of Geology. The earthquake data plotted on the map are from several sources: the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, the Center for Earthquake Research and Information, the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and the Arkansas Geological Survey. In addition to earthquake locations, other materials include seismic hazard and isoseismal maps and related text. Earthquakes are a legitimate concern in Mississippi and parts of adjacent States. Mississippi has undergone a number of felt earthquakes since 1811. At least two of these events caused property damage: a magnitude 4.7 earthquake in 1931, and a magnitude 4.3 earthquake in 1967. The map shows all historical and instrumentally located earthquakes in Mississippi and vicinity between 1811 and 2010. The largest historic earthquake in the vicinity of the State was an intensity XI event, on December 16, 1811; the first earthquake in the New Madrid sequence. This violent event and the earthquakes that followed caused considerable damage to the then sparsely settled region.

Dart, Richard L.; Bograd, Michael B. E.

2011-01-01

147

69 FR 71101 - Discretionary Cooperative Agreements for Research Under the Crash Injury Research and Engineering...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Under the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) AGENCY: National...under the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) and to increase its...support of the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN). NHTSA...

2004-12-08

148

Engineering togetherness (an incentive system for interdisciplinary research)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering faculty members today are expected to fulfill missions of classroom instruction, research and scholarship, and service. Particularly on research university campuses, there is an expectation that engineering faculty will conduct externally funded research. Moreover, engineering research should no longer be conducted in isolation as interdisciplinary research has taken on increased emphasis and importance. Traditional academic department organizations can present

Robert E. Barnhill

2001-01-01

149

Preliminary Guidelines for Empirical Research in Software Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical software engineering research needs research guidelines to improve the research and reporting processes. We propose a preliminary set of research guidelines aimed at stimulating discussion among software researchers. They are based on a review of research guidelines developed for medical researchers and on our own experience in doing and reviewing software engineering research. The guidelines are intended to assist

Barbara A. Kitchenham; Shari Lawrence Pfleeger; Lesley M. Pickard; Peter W. Jones; David C. Hoaglin; Khaled El Emam; Jarrett Rosenberg

2002-01-01

150

Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers: Highlights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation funds 26 Materials Research Science & Engineering Centers (MRSEC) and website highlights research conducted at the MRSECs at universities across the United States. The featured projects have been "selected with care and pride by the director of each MRSEC" and "represent samples of exemplary research at the Centers." Some examples include Cornell University's work on Ultra-Small Memory Devices for Silicon Electronics and the University of Pennsylvania's work on Nematic Nanotube Gels. Links are provided to individual MRSEC websites where visitors can further explore each group's work.

151

Prediction as an Impediment to Preparedness: Lessons from the US Hurricane and Earthquake Research Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

No matter ones wealth or social position, all are subject to the threats of natural hazards. Be it fire, flood, hurricane,\\u000a earthquake, tornado, or drought, the reality of hazard risk is universal. In response, governments, non-profits, and the private\\u000a sector all support research to study hazards. Each has a common end in mind: to increase the resilience of vulnerable communities.

Genevieve E. Maricle

2011-01-01

152

Network of seismo-geochemical monitoring observatories for earthquake prediction research in India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present paper deals with a brief review of the research carried out to develop multi-parametric gas-geochemical monitoring facilities dedicated to earthquake prediction research in India by installing a network of seismo-geochemical monitoring observatories at different regions of the country. In an attempt to detect earthquake precursors, the concentrations of helium, argon, nitrogen, methane, radon-222 (222Rn), polonium-218 (218Po), and polonium-214 (214Po) emanating from hydrothermal systems are monitored continuously and round the clock at these observatories. In this paper, we make a cross correlation study of a number of geochemical anomalies recorded at these observatories. With the data received from each of the above observatories we attempt to make a time series analysis to relate magnitude and epicentral distance locations through statistical methods, empirical formulations that relate the area of influence to earthquake scale. Application of the linear and nonlinear statistical techniques in the recorded geochemical data sets reveal a clear signature of long-range correlation in the data sets.

Chaudhuri, Hirok; Barman, Chiranjib; Iyengar, A. N. Sekar; Ghose, Debasis; Sen, Prasanta; Sinha, Bikash

2013-08-01

153

The importance of earthquake research in the assessment of seismic hazards in Argentina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The history of Argentina has repeated occurrences of damaging crustal earthquakes with examples like the 1944 (Mw 7.0) San Juan earthquake, considered the largest natural disaster. These large earthquakes occur in the continental Andean backarc crust as far as 600 to 800 km east from the Trench. Of high significance is the correlation of this large-sized continental seismicity with the horizontal position of the subducted Nazca plate at about 100-km depth. In addition, lateral variations of the crustal structure are expected since several terranes have been accreted to western South America since the Paleozoic. Given the high seismic potential of this region, understanding of these seismotectonic processes and the crustal structure is essential for the assessment of seismic hazards and the mitigation of their effects. In this presentation we show our work based on an integrated research effort that combines permanent and temporal seismic networks from the Argentinean National Institute for Seismic Disaster Mitigation (INPRES) and IRIS- Passcal arrays. This international collaboration started in 2000 and involves researchers, technicians and students from the University of Arizona (USA), the National University of San Juan (Argentina) and INPRES (Argentina).

Giuliano, A.; Alvarado, P.; Beck, S.

2007-05-01

154

Phil M. Ferguson Structural Engineering Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Phil M. Ferguson Structural Engineering Research Laboratory at the University Texas at Austin is a facility "dedicated to research for improving the analysis, design and construction of buildings, bridges and special structures." Researchers use physical testing, combined with state-of-the-art analytical models, to evaluate the behavior and design of reinforced concrete, steel, timber, masonry, and composite structures. Some applications for the group's work include the performance of buildings, bridges, and offshore structures, and the repair and rehabilitation of structures. The research is possible through industry sponsorship and some of the reports from the lab's projects are posted online in the Library. Other Publications include Dissertations and Theses, FSEL Lab Report Series, and Journal Articles.

155

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

156

Army/NASA Small Turboshaft Engine Digital Controls Research Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The emphasis of a program to conduct digital controls research for small turboshaft engines is on engine test evaluation of advanced control logic using a flexible microprocessor based digital control system designed specifically for research on advanced ...

J. F. Sellers A. N. Baez

1981-01-01

157

7th U.S. / Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research: Abstract Volume and Technical Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. / Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research promotes advanced study toward a more fundamental understanding of the earthquake process and hazard estimation. The Panel promotes basic and applied research to improve our understanding of the causes and effects of earthquakes and to facilitate the transmission of research results to those who implement hazard reduction measures on both sides of the Pacific and around the world. Meetings are held every other year, and alternate between countries with short presentation on current research and local field trips being the highlights. The 5th Joint Panel meeting was held at Asilomar, California in October, 2004. The technical sessions featured reports on the September 28, 2004 Parkfield, California earthquake, progress on earthquake early warning and rapid post-event assessment technology, probabilistic earthquake forecasting and the newly discovered phenomenon of nonvolcanic tremor. The Panel visited the epicentral region of the M 6.0 Parkfield earthquake and viewed the surface ruptures along the San Andreas Fault. They also visited the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD), which had just completed the first phase of drilling into the fault. The 6th Joint Panel meeting was held in Tokushima, Japan in November, 2006. The meeting included very productive exchanges of information on approaches to systematic observation of earthquake processes. Sixty eight technical papers were presented during the meeting on a wide range of subjects, including interplate earthquakes in subduction zones, slow slip and nonvolcanic tremor, crustal deformation, recent earthquake activity and hazard mapping. Through our discussion, we reaffirmed the benefits of working together to achieve our common goal of reducing earthquake hazard, continued cooperation on issues involving densification of observation networks and the open exchange of data among scientific communities. We also reaffirmed the importance of making information public in a timely manner. The Panel visited sites along the east coast of Shikoku that were inundated by the tsunami caused by the 1946 Nankai earthquake where they heard from survivors of the disaster and saw new tsunami shelters and barriers. They also visited the Median Tectonic Line, a major onshore strike-slip fault on Shikoku. The 7th Joint Panel meeting was held in Seattle, Wash., U.S.A. from October 27-30, 2008.

Compiled by Detweiler, Shane T.; Ellsworth, William L.

2008-01-01

158

A hybrid reality environment and its application to the study of earthquake engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visualization can provide the much needed computer-assisted design and analysis environment to foster problem-based learning,\\u000a while Virtual Reality (VR) can provide the environment for hands-on manipulation, stimulating interactive learning in engineering\\u000a and the sciences. In this paper, an interactive 2D and 3D (hybrid) environment is described, which facilitates collaborative\\u000a learning and research and utilizes techniques in visualization and VR, therefore

Tara C. Hutchinson; Falko Kuester; Tung-ju Hsieh; Rebecca Chadwick

2005-01-01

159

Scientific, Engineering, and Financial Factors of the 1989 Human-Triggered Newcastle Earthquake in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation emphasizes the dualism of natural resources exploitation and economic growth versus geomechanical pollution and risks of human-triggered earthquakes. Large-scale geoengineering activities, e.g., mining, reservoir impoundment, oil/gas production, water exploitation or fluid injection, alter pre-existing lithostatic stress states in the earth's crust and are anticipated to trigger earthquakes. Such processes of in- situ stress alteration are termed geomechanical pollution. Moreover, since the 19th century more than 200 earthquakes have been documented worldwide with a seismic moment magnitude of 4.5earthquakes increased rapidly. An example of a human-triggered earthquake is the 1989 Newcastle event in Australia that was a result of almost 200 years of coal mining and water over-exploitation, respectively. This earthquake, an Mw=5.6 event, caused more than 3.5 billion U.S. dollars in damage (1989 value) and was responsible for Australia's first and only to date earthquake fatalities. It is therefore thought that, the Newcastle region tends to develop unsustainably if comparing economic growth due to mining and financial losses of triggered earthquakes. An hazard assessment, based on a geomechanical crust model, shows that only four deep coal mines were responsible for triggering this severe earthquake. A small-scale economic risk assessment identifies that the financial loss due to earthquake damage has reduced mining profits that have been re-invested in the Newcastle region for over two centuries beginning in 1801. Furthermore, large-scale economic risk assessment reveals that the financial loss is equivalent to 26% of the Australian Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in 1988/89. These costs account for 13% of the total costs of all natural disasters (e.g., flooding, drought, wild fires) and 94% of the costs of all earthquakes recorded in Australia between 1967 and 1999. In conclusion, the increasing number and size of geoengineering activities, such as coal mining near Newcastle or planned carbon dioxide Geosequestration initiatives, represent a growing hazard potential, which can negatively affect socio-economic growth and sustainable development. Finally, hazard and risk degrees, based on geomechanical-mathematical models, can be forecasted in space and over time for urban planning in order to prevent economic losses of human-triggered earthquakes in the future.

Klose, C. D.

2006-12-01

160

Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. comprehensive earthquake management plan: Engineering survey building damage assessment training manual  

SciTech Connect

The training objectives are: differentiate between the various levels of damage caused to buildings and structures by an earthquake and classify them as to their safety of occupancy, extent of damage, and resources needed for recovery/repair.

Not Available

1990-01-01

161

Scientific, Engineering, and Financial Factors of the 1989 Human-Triggered Newcastle Earthquake in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation emphasizes the dualism of natural resources exploitation and economic growth versus geomechanical pollution and risks of human-triggered earthquakes. Large-scale geoengineering activities, e.g., mining, reservoir impoundment, oil\\/gas production, water exploitation or fluid injection, alter pre-existing lithostatic stress states in the earth's crust and are anticipated to trigger earthquakes. Such processes of in- situ stress alteration are termed geomechanical pollution.

C. D. Klose

2006-01-01

162

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does...must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center shall...Involve rehabilitation technology and enhance...

2009-07-01

163

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does...must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center shall...Involve rehabilitation technology and enhance...

2010-07-01

164

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does...must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center...delivering rehabilitation technology, including State...

2010-07-01

165

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does...must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center...delivering rehabilitation technology, including State...

2009-07-01

166

Recent DOE-sponsored hydropower engineering research  

SciTech Connect

Purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of DOE Engineering Development research activity since Waterpower 1981. General results of about 11 projects that have been completed since Waterpower 1981 are presented and compared. Continuing efforts are also described briefly. DOE has sponsored four projects dealing with the use of pumps as turbines. This approach results in capital cost savings, shorter time for completing a hydropower plant, wider variety of off-the-shelf equipment available, and better maintenance services. Results are summarized for feasibility studies, laboratory tests, and in-the-field experience surveys of the use of pumps as turbines. Other projects discussed include microhydropower plants (less than 100 kW in capacity), head augmentation devices, Schneider engines, the use of marine thrusters as turbines, low cost cross-flow turbines made of plastic, variable speed constant frequency generators, hydraulic air compressors, scroll motor turbines and modular float-in powerhouses. The paper also discusses some of the technologies where future research may prove fruitful.

Chappell, J.R.

1983-01-01

167

Prints for precision engineering research lathe (Engineering Materials)  

SciTech Connect

The precision engineering research lathe (PERL) is a small two-axis, ultra-high-precision turning machine used for turning very small contoured parts. Housed in a laminar-flow enclosure for temperature control, called a clean air envelope, PERL is maintained at a constant 68 degrees F (plus or minus 1 degree). The size of the lathe is minimized to reduce sensitivity to temperature variations. This, combined with internal water cooling of the spindle motor, the only major heat source on the machine, permits the use of air-shower temperature control. (This approach is a departure from previous designs for larger machines where liquid shower systems are used.) Major design features include the use of a T-configuration, hydrostatic oil slides, capstan slide drives, air-bearing spindles, and laser interferometer position feedback. The following features are particularly noteworthy: (1) to obtain the required accuracy and friction characteristics, the two linear slides are supported by 10-cm-travel hydrostatic bearings developed at LLNL; (2) to minimize backlash and friction, capstan drives are used to provide the slide motions; and (3) to obtain the best surface finish possible, asynchronous (nonrepeatable) spindle motion is minimized by driving the spindle directly with a brushless dc torque motor. PERL operates in single-axis mode. Using facing cuts on copper with a diamond tool, surface finishes of 7.5 nm peak-to-valley (1.5 nm rms) have been achieved.

Not Available

1982-12-01

168

Engineering Research Division report on reports: calendar year 1979. [LLL  

SciTech Connect

A bibliography of publications of members of the Engineering Research Division of the Electronics Engineering Department is presented for 1979. Abstracts for 148 publications are included, along with author and keywork indexes. (RWR)

Gardner, C.L.; Johnston, S.J. (eds.)

1980-03-01

169

Engaging Students in Research -- Young Engineers & Scientists (YES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) is a community partnership between SwRI and local high schools in San Antonio, Texas. It provides high school students a bridge between classroom instruction and real world, research experiences in science and engineering.

Boice, D. C.; Asbell, H. E.; Reiff, P. H.

2009-03-01

170

Genetic Engineering of Plants: Agricultural Research Opportunities and Policy Concerns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Discussions that occurred at the convocation on the genetic engineering of plants are summarized. Some of the ways that genetic engineering may be used to address agricultural problems are addressed. For example, researchers are attempting to develop herb...

1984-01-01

171

Virtual earthquake engineering laboratory with physics-based degrading materials on parallel computers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the last few decades, we have obtained tremendous insight into underlying microscopic mechanisms of degrading quasi-brittle materials from persistent and near-saintly efforts in laboratories, and at the same time we have seen unprecedented evolution in computational technology such as massively parallel computers. Thus, time is ripe to embark on a novel approach to settle unanswered questions, especially for the earthquake engineering community, by harmoniously combining the microphysics mechanisms with advanced parallel computing technology. To begin with, it should be stressed that we placed a great deal of emphasis on preserving clear meaning and physical counterparts of all the microscopic material models proposed herein, since it is directly tied to the belief that by doing so, the more physical mechanisms we incorporate, the better prediction we can obtain. We departed from reviewing representative microscopic analysis methodologies, selecting out "fixed-type" multidirectional smeared crack model as the base framework for nonlinear quasi-brittle materials, since it is widely believed to best retain the physical nature of actual cracks. Microscopic stress functions are proposed by integrating well-received existing models to update normal stresses on the crack surfaces (three orthogonal surfaces are allowed to initiate herein) under cyclic loading. Unlike the normal stress update, special attention had to be paid to the shear stress update on the crack surfaces, due primarily to the well-known pathological nature of the fixed-type smeared crack model---spurious large stress transfer over the open crack under nonproportional loading. In hopes of exploiting physical mechanism to resolve this deleterious nature of the fixed crack model, a tribology-inspired three-dimensional (3d) interlocking mechanism has been proposed. Following the main trend of tribology (i.e., the science and engineering of interacting surfaces), we introduced the base fabric of solid particle-soft matrix to explain realistic interlocking over rough crack surfaces, and the adopted Gaussian distribution feeds random particle sizes to the entire domain. Validation against a well-documented rough crack experiment reveals promising accuracy of the proposed 3d interlocking model. A consumed energy-based damage model has been proposed for the weak correlation between the normal and shear stresses on the crack surfaces, and also for describing the nature of irrecoverable damage. Since the evaluation of the consumed energy is directly linked to the microscopic deformation, which can be efficiently tracked on the crack surfaces, the proposed damage model is believed to provide a more physical interpretation than existing damage mechanics, which fundamentally stem from mathematical derivation with few physical counterparts. Another novel point of the present work lies in the topological transition-based "smart" steel bar model, notably with evolving compressive buckling length. We presented a systematic framework of information flow between the key ingredients of composite materials (i.e., steel bar and its surrounding concrete elements). The smart steel model suggested can incorporate smooth transition during reversal loading, tensile rupture, early buckling after reversal from excessive tensile loading, and even compressive buckling. Especially, the buckling length is made to evolve according to the damage states of the surrounding elements of each bar, while all other dominant models leave the length unchanged. What lies behind all the aforementioned novel attempts is, of course, the problem-optimized parallel platform. In fact, the parallel computing in our field has been restricted to monotonic shock or blast loading with explicit algorithm which is characteristically feasible to be parallelized. In the present study, efficient parallelization strategies for the highly demanding implicit nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) program for real-scale reinforced concrete (RC) structures under cyclic loading are proposed. Quantitat

Cho, In Ho

172

A GIS-based potential analysis of the landslides induced by the Chi-Chi earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chi-Chi earthquake struck central Taiwan in 1999, triggering many landslides over a broad area. A large amount of information was obtained from the field reconnaissance conducted by National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering [NCREE, 2000. Investigation Report of the Geotechnical Hazard Caused by Chi-Chi Earthquake, Taiwan] and other follow-up investigations. The objective of this research was to analyze

Meei-Ling Lin; Chi-Che Tung

2004-01-01

173

Update on Engine Combustion Research at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this paper are to describe the research efforts in diesel engine combustion at Sandia National Laboratories' Combustion Research Facility and to provide recent experimental results. We have four diesel engine experiments supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies: a one-cylinder version of a Cummins heavy-duty engine, a diesel simulation facility, a one-cylinder Caterpillar engine to evaluate combustion of alternative fuels, and a homogeneous-charge, compression ignition (HCCI) engine. Recent experimental results of diesel combustion research will be discussed and a description will be given of our HCCI experimental program and of our HCCI modeling work.

Jay Keller; Gurpreet Singh

2001-05-14

174

Engineering for a Changing World: A Roadmap to the Future of Engineering Practice, Research, and Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Powerful forces, including demographics, globalization, and rapidly evolving technologies are driving profound changes in the role of engineering in society. The changing workforce and technology needs of a global knowledge economy are dramatically changing the nature of engineering practice, demanding far broader skills than simply the mastery of scientific and technological disciplines. The growing awareness of the importance of technological innovation to economic competitiveness and national security is demanding a new priority for application-driven basic engineering research. The nonlinear nature of the flow of knowledge between fundamental research and engineering application, the highly interdisciplinary nature of new technologies, and the impact of cyber infrastructure demand new paradigms in engineering research and development. Moreover, challenges such as the off-shoring of engineering jobs, the decline of student interest in scientific and engineering careers, immigration restrictions, and inadequate social diversity in the domestic engineering workforce are also raising serious questions about the adequacy of our current national approach to engineering.

Duderstadt, James J., 1942-

2010-01-12

175

Multidisciplinary Research Projects for Engineering Students - Part II  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary goal of this paper is to provide resources and some ideas for undergraduate research projects and class projects suitable for mathematics, science, and engineering students. We also include a brief discussion of benefits of research projects to Engineering undergraduate education and attempt to identify the properties of research projects that are suitable for undergraduate students.

R. Munasinghe

2008-01-01

176

Globalization of Science and Engineering Research. A Companion to Science and Engineering Indicators, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010 provides clear evidence that science and engineering (S&E) research is becoming an increasingly international endeavor. S&E activities are occurring and intensifying in more regions and economies, largely in respons...

2011-01-01

177

Management of Research and Engineering Selected Topics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This compendium discusses three topics of interest to managers of scientists and engineers. These three topics are development of scientists and engineers for technical management, performance appraisal of personnel, and means to effectiveness for project...

J. P. Hope

1976-01-01

178

Biomedical engineering research at DOE national labs  

SciTech Connect

Biomedical Engineering is the application of principles of physics, chemistry, nd engineering to problems of human health. The National Laboratories of the U.S. Department of Energy have been leaders in this scientific field since 1947. This inventory of their biomedical engineering projects was compiled in January 1999.

None

1999-03-01

179

The Use of Web Search Engines in Information Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the literature on the use of Web search engines in information science research, including: ways users interact with Web search engines; social aspects of searching; structure and dynamic nature of the Web; link analysis; other bibliometric applications; characterizing information on the Web; search engine evaluation and improvement; and

Bar-Ilan, Judit

2004-01-01

180

International Research and Engineering Education: Impacts and Best Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Science Foundation (NSF), through the Divisions in the Directorate for Engineering (ENG) and the Office of International Science and Engineering (OISE), created the International Research and Education in Engineering (IREE) initiative. Launched in 2006, the IREE program aims to \\

Yating Chang; Dianne Atkinson; E. Dan

181

Professional ethics in biomedical engineering practice and research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some guidelines for use with the accepted fundamental canons of ethics for engineers. We present some rules of practice and professional obligations emerging from these canons. Basic recommendations for engineers dissenting on ethical grounds are also presented. Ethical issues relating to Biomedical Engineering research are illustrated. We mention some cases that could be used to further understanding

Jorge E. Monzon; Alvaro Monzon-Wyngaard

2008-01-01

182

Researchers start complying with the requests of city administrators on earthquake risk issues: a recent case for Catania, Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake risk assessments and scenario studies carried out within national or European projects, not only have resonance in the research community, but they are becoming of increasing of interest for local administrators because of the detailed level of analysis and the nature of the results, that could be readily used. Notwithstanding their interest, the local administrators seem to have difficulties

D. Finazzi; L. Frassine; V. Pessina

2003-01-01

183

Engineering Observations on Ground Motion at the Van Norman Complex after the 1994 Northridge Earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1994 Northridge earthquake, the Van Norman Complex yielded an unprecedented number of recordings with high acceleration, in the close proximity of the fault rupture. These strong-motion recordings exhibited the pulses of the main event. One station recorded the largest velocity ever instrumentally re- corded (177 cm\\/set), resulting from a 0.86 g peak acceleration with a low frequency. Throughout

J. P. Bardet; C. Davis

184

Modern optical diagnostics in engine research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different optical diagnistic techniques are used to gain insight into the single steps forming the functioning chain of the engine combustion process and the complex interplay between these single steps. Examples are given for the application of Mie scattering, laser-induced fluorescence, Raman scattering, CARS and laser-induced incandescence to study diesel engine, SI engine and HCCI combustion processes. The careful adaptation of each optical tool to one part of the engine process makes it possible to get valuable information with minimum change of the process investigated. The paper demonstrates that in addition to conventional engine measurement techniques, a number of different optical techniques must be applied -- and sometimes simultaneously -- to successfully determine the critical parameters of the processes and to investigate their influences on the performance and the quality of real engine combustion.

Leipertz, A.; Wensing, M.

2007-10-01

185

Diesel Engine Research and Development Status and Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research and development status of the automotive diesel engine/vehicle sector is summarized, and specific basic and applied research and development needs in the diesel technology and health effects areas where active participation by the government ...

W. U. Roessler R. R. Covey G. J. Mascetti R. B. Boulay

1978-01-01

186

Reservoir technology research at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) has been conducting geothermal reservoir research and testing sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE) since 1983. The INEL research program is primarily aimed at the development of reservoir engineering techniques for fractured geothermal reservoirs. Numerical methods have been developed which allow the simulation of fluid flow and heat transfer in complex fractured

S. G. Stiger; J. L. Renner

1987-01-01

187

Genetic Engineering of Plants. Agricultural Research Opportunities and Policy Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Plant scientists and science policymakers from government, private companies, and universities met at a convocation on the genetic engineering of plants. During the convocation, researchers described some of the ways genetic engineering may be used to address agricultural problems. Policymakers delineated and debated changes in research funding

Roberts, Leslie

188

Heat engine regenerators: Research status and needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapidly oscillating, variable density flows of regenerative heat engines provide a class of poorly understood unsteady flow and heat transfer problems. These problems are not currently amenable to direct experimental resolution. Experiences in engine development and test programs and efforts to develop analysis tools point to the regenerator as a key area of insufficient understanding. Focusing on flow and

Hutchinson

1987-01-01

189

FROM PRACTICE TO RESEARCH: USING PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE TO INFORM RESEARCH ABOUT ENGINEERING STUDENTS' CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how practitioner input was used to inform three research projects that investigate students' understanding of important and difficult engineering concepts. Practitioner input was initially used to formulate lists of engineering concepts in thermal and transport sciences, electric circuits, and engineering mechanics that are important but difficult for undergraduate engineering students to understand. Content experts then used this

Mary A. Nelson; Monica R. Geist; Ruth A. Streveler; Ronald L. Miller; Barbara M. Olds; Candace S. Ammerman; Ravel F. Ammerman

190

Nonlinear Dynamic Earthquake Analysis of Skyscrapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the limitations of computer capacity and the softening of the material constitution, until now the nonlinear dynamic earthquake analyses of skyscrapers has not been practical in engineering practices, and even in the research area there had still been open problems. In this paper, a solution is provided on the ABAQUS platform by selecting the right analysis procedure, accurate

Sam Lee

2008-01-01

191

Experimental Research Progress of the VASIMR Engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Space Propulsion Laboratory (ASPL) of NASA's Johnson Space Center is performing research on a Variable Specific Impulse MagnetoPlasma Rocket (VASIMR). The VASIMR is a high power, radio frequency (RF) driven magnetoplasma rocket, capable of very high exhaust velocities, > 100 km/s. In addition, its unique architecture allows in- flight mission-optimization of thrust and specific impulse to enhance performance and reduce trip time. A NASA-led research team involving industry, academia and government facilities is pursuing the development of this concept in the United States. The ASPL's experimental research focuses on three major areas: helicon plasma production, ion cyclotron resonant acceleration (ICRA) and plasma expansion in a magnetic nozzle. The VASIMR experiment (VX-10) performs experimental research that demonstrates the thruster concept at a total RF power on the order of 10 kW. A flexible four- magnet system, with a 1.3 Tesla maximum magnetic field strength, is computer controlled to study axial magnetic field profile shape effects. Power generated at 10 - 50 MHz with about 5 kW is used to perform helicon plasma source development. A 3 MHz RF transmitter capable of 100 kW is available for ICRA experiments. The primary diagnostics are: gas mass flow controllers, RF input power, Langmuir probes, Mach probe, retarding potential analyzers (RPA), microwave interferometer, neutral pressure measurements and plasma light emission. In addition, many thermocouples are attached inside the vacuum chamber to measure heat loads around the plasma discharge. Helicon research so far has been done with hydrogen, deuterium, helium, nitrogen, argon, xenon and mixtures of these gases. Optimization studies have been performed with the magnetic field axial profile shape, gas flow rate, gas tube geometry and RF frequency. The highest performing discharges are found with a high magnetic field choke downstream of the helicon antenna. Upwards of a 40% gas utilization is measured. We measure high flow velocities (> ion sound speed) in the exhaust section after the magnetic choke and the velocity increases with the choke field strength. A strong interaction between the neutral gas and the plasma is observed with measurements in the source region, indicating the possible and desirable acceleration of neutrals by the charge exchange process. Heating profiles on the helicon gas tube indicate plasma production profiles. Highlights of the helicon optimization and measurements will be presented and discussed. ICRA experiments have begun, primarily using a helium helicon discharge as a target. Over 4 kW of power has been applied using a simple antenna array. We observe significant effects, plasma density and energy increase, when applying the power near the second harmonic of the helium ion in the magnetic field. These experiments are recent, so further studies and measurements are in progress. The latest results will be highlighted. Plasma flow measurements in the expanding magnetic field of the exhaust are in progress. Some highlights will be discussed, but more of the recent data are presented in another paper in this session.1 REFERENCES 1. Bering, III, EA, et al. "Ion Dynamics and ICRH Heating in the Exhaust Plasma of The VASIMR Engine", 53rd IAC, this session.

Squire, J. P.; Daz, F. R. Chang; Jacobson, V. T.; McCaskill, G. E.; Winter, D. S.

2002-01-01

192

Overview of Engine Combustion Research at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this paper are to describe the ongoing projects in diesel engine combustion research at Sandia National Laboratories' Combustion Research Facility and to detail recent experimental results. The approach we are employing is to assemble experimental hardware that mimic realistic engine geometries while enabling optical access. For example, we are using multi-cylinder engine heads or one-cylinder versions of production heads mated to one-cylinder engine blocks. Optical access is then obtained through a periscope in an exhaust valve, quartz windows in the piston crown, windows in spacer plates just below the head, or quartz cylinder liners. We have three diesel engine experiments supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies: a one-cylinder version of a Cummins heavy-duty engine, a diesel simulation facility, and a one-cylinder Caterpillar engine to evaluate combustion of alternative diesel fuels.

Robert W. Carling; Gurpreet Singh

1999-04-26

193

CSEP Earthquake Forecast Testing Center for Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

One major focus of the next Japanese earthquake prediction research plan 2009-2013 are testable earthquake forecast models. For this purpose, the Earthquake Research Institute joined the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) and installed in an international collaboration a prototype testing center for rigorous evaluation of earthquake forecast models. We report on the implementation of this testing center,

H. Tsuruoka; N. Hirata; D. Schorlemmer; F. Euchner; T. H. Jordan

2008-01-01

194

Research on earthquake damage to urban water supply network based on ABAQUS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on ABAQUS modeling platform, simplified modeling of pipeline interface in different directions of water supply network in KGWL zone was conducted, where finite element analysis was as the basic modeling approach. Then dynamic analysis was taken when a known seismic\\/earthquake wave was input. Through analysis of simulation results, the basis of earthquake damage on pipe interface was determined. Based

Zhi-guang Niu; Yan-bin Yuan; Wan-jiang Peng; Ying Zhang

2011-01-01

195

Stirling engine research at national and university laboratories in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) reviewed research projects that are related to the development of Stirling engines and that are under way at Japanese national laboratories and universities. The research and development focused on component rather than on whole engine development. PNL obtained the information from a literature review and interviews conducted at the laboratories and universities. The universities have less equipment available and operate with smaller staffs for research than do the laboratories. In particular, the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory and the Aerospace Laboratory conduct high-quality component and fundamental work. Despite having less equipment, some of the researchers at the universities conduct high-quality fundamental research. As is typical in Japan, several of the university professors are very active in consulting and advisory capacities to companies engaged in Stirling engine development, and also with government and association advisory and technical committees. Contacts with these professors and selective examination of their research are good ways to keep abreast of Japanese Stirling developments.

Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-09-01

196

Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities: 2001. Detailed Statistical Tables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents information on the amount of science and engineering (S&E) research space existing at U.S. colleges, universities, and nonprofit biomedical research institutions based on research data collected biennially through the National Science Foundation. Data are also provided on the adequacy of this research space to meet current

National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Studies.

197

Contribution of Graduation Thesis Research toward Engineering Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some Japanese universities have been executing engineering design education intended for educational reforms in engineering. However, the Faculty of Engineering at Kyoto University proposes that academic abilities expected in such a curriculum be supplemented with graduation research, experiment subjects, practice subjects, or other programs. Therefore, engineering design education for first- and second-year students is not newly started in the university. To grasp the educational effects of this policy, a questionnaire survey was conducted for seniors who completed the graduation research. The structure of contributions for the graduation research (competence for experts, human relations, and expression) was extracted using factor analysis. Moreover, it was clarified that academic abilities expected in engineering design education are nearly supplemented with graduation research and other types of subjects, including experiments and practice subjects.

Sakai, Hiroyuki; Yamada, Tsuyoshi; Shinto, Takaaki; Tanaka, Kazuyoshi; Araki, Mitsuhiko

198

Research in solid state, plasmas, electrical and biomedical engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The report presents a summary of the research program in the broad field of electronics conducted during the past six months by the Electronic Sciences Laboratory, University of Southern California. The program includes research in solid state materials, semiconductors and devices, quantum electronics, plasmas, applied electromagnetics, electrical engineering systems to include control, communication, computer and power systems, biomedical engineering and mathematical biosciences. Summary reports for each research project very briefly describe recent progress and publications. (Modified author abstract)

1974-04-01

199

Heat engine regenerators: Research status and needs  

SciTech Connect

The rapidly oscillating, variable density flows of regenerative heat engines provide a class of poorly understood unsteady flow and heat transfer problems. These problems are not currently amenable to direct experimental resolution. Experiences in engine development and test programs and efforts to develop analysis tools point to the regenerator as a key area of insufficient understanding. Focusing on flow and heat transfer in regenerators, this report discusses similarity parameters for the flows and reviews the experimental data currently available for Stirling analysis. Then a number of experimental results are presented from recent fundamental fluid mechanical and thermal investigations that shed additional light on the functioning of heat engine regenerators. Suggestions are made for approaches for further measurement and analysis efforts.

Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-08-01

200

Electro-optical techniques for diesel engine research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of research to determine the feasibility of applying electro-optical diagnostic techniques to the study of combustion phenomena in diesel engines is described and evaluated. The techniques that were investigated included: high-speed laser-augmented photography, holography, fringe techniques (laser anemometry and particle sizing), mass spectroscopy, and resonance absorption. A conventional Army TACOM diesel engine and a Turner engine were modified

A. E. Lennert; R. E. Sowls; R. A. Belz; W. H. Goethert; H. T. Bentley III; H. M. Powell; A. B. Bailey; T. D. McCay

1977-01-01

201

Thrust Area Report, Engineering Research, Development and Technology  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to develop the knowledge base, process technologies, specialized equipment, tools and facilities to support current and future LLNL programs. Engineering`s efforts are guided by a strategy that results in dual benefit: first, in support of Department of Energy missions, such as national security through nuclear deterrence; and second, in enhancing the nation`s economic competitiveness through our collaboration with U.S. industry in pursuit of the most cost- effective engineering solutions to LLNL programs. To accomplish this mission, the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program has two important goals: (1) identify key technologies relevant to LLNL programs where we can establish unique competencies, and (2) conduct high-quality research and development to enhance our capabilities and establish ourselves as the world leaders in these technologies. To focus Engineering`s efforts technology {ital thrust areas} are identified and technical leaders are selected for each area. The thrust areas are comprised of integrated engineering activities, staffed by personnel from the nine electronics and mechanical engineering divisions, and from other LLNL organizations. This annual report, organized by thrust area, describes Engineering`s activities for fiscal year 1996. The report provides timely summaries of objectives, methods, and key results from eight thrust areas: Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics; Computational Mechanics; Microtechnology; Manufacturing Technology; Materials Science and Engineering; Power Conversion Technologies; Nondestructive Evaluation; and Information Engineering. Readers desiring more information are encouraged to contact the individual thrust area leaders or authors. 198 refs., 206 figs., 16 tabs.

Langland, R. T.

1997-02-01

202

Deep earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

Earthquakes are often recorded at depths as great as 650 kilometers or more. These deep events mark regions where plates of the earth's surface are consumed in the mantle. But the earthquakes themselves present a conundrum: the high pressures and temperatures at such depths should keep rock from fracturing suddenly and generating a tremor. This paper reviews the research on this problem. Almost all deep earthquakes conform to the pattern described by Wadati, namely, they generally occur at the edge of a deep ocean and define an inclined zone extending from near the surface to a depth of 600 kilometers of more, known as the Wadati-Benioff zone. Several scenarios are described that were proposed to explain the fracturing and slipping of rocks at this depth.

Frohlich, C.

1989-01-01

203

Biomedical engineering: A platform for research and innovation in ultrasound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An undergraduate or graduate degree in biomedical engineering prepares students to solve problems at the interface between engineering and medicine. Biomedical engineering encompasses evolving areas such as advanced medical imaging for diagnosis and treatment of disease, tissue engineering for designing and manufacturing biological implants for damaged or diseased tissues and organs, and bioinformatics for determining which genes play a major role in health and disease. Biomedical engineering academic programs produce graduates with the ability to pursue successful careers in the biomedical device industry or to obtain advanced degrees leading to careers in biomedical engineering research, medicine, law or business. Biomedical engineering majors take courses in biology, anatomy, physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and medical product design and value life-long learning. Students learn to work effectively in interdisciplinary teams comprised of individuals with diverse social, cultural and technical backgrounds. Biomedical engineering is becoming increasingly important in imaging and image-guided research. Some examples of innovative ultrasound technology under development are ultrasound devices to accelerate the dissolution of blood clots, advanced surgical instruments with ultrasound guidance and ultrasound contrast agents for targeted drug delivery. Biomedical engineering is a great career choice for technically minded individuals who endeavor to work on applied problems that are medically relevant.

Holland, Christy K.

2001-05-01

204

74 FR 66276 - FY 2010 Measurement, Science and Engineering Research Grants Programs; Availability of Funds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FY 2010 Measurement, Science and Engineering Research Grants Programs; Availability...1) The Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory Grants Program; (2) the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory Grants Program; (3)...

2009-12-15

205

Public Education for Household Mitigation and Preparedness for Earthquakes in California: The Research Base and Program Innovations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation summarizes the findings from previous research in the social sciences regarding the factors and processes that enhance the effectivenss of public education efforts for household mitigation and preparedness actions for earthquakes. The conclusions from this research base include that the most effective efforts are those that are designed as an ongoing process with multiple channels and types of public communications. Second, an anticipated survey to measure household mitigation and preparedness actions in the State of California is sumarized. This survey will measure actual household mitigation and preparedness actions taken, knowledge, perceived risk, and other factors that previous research suggests impact these actions and perceptions; each of these factors are reviewed. The presentation then illustrates how knowledge from previous research will be blended with the information obtained from the planned survey in order to desgin a state-of-the-art public education campaign in California that maximizes household mitigation and preparedness for earthquakes and mega-earthquakes. Among other things, this requires that government agencies, NGOs, and provate sector organizations cooperate to coordinate their efforts to maximize program effectivenss. Finally, how this program might be evaluated to inform program refinements over time is discussed.

Mileti, D. S.

2007-05-01

206

Concurrent Engineering Concepts Applied to Concurrent Education and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concurrent Engineering (CE) has attracted more attention in recent years regarding its reducing the time to market, cutting down the total cost, and improving quality. As a new concept and methodology, CE has not been widely implemented in industry, research and engineering education yet. This paper describes a newly developed CE course which employs the method of concurrent education. Similar

Jack Zhou; Shlomo Carmi; Alan Lau; Spiros Koulas

207

Hypersonic engine seal development at NASA Lewis Research Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA Lewis Research Center is developing advanced seal concepts and sealing technology for advanced combined cycle ramjet\\/scramjet engines being designed for the National Aerospace Plane (NASP). Technologies are being developed for both the dynamic seals that seal the sliding interfaces between articulating engine panels and sidewalls, and for the static seals that seal the heat exchanger to back-up structure interfaces.

Bruce M. Steinetz

1994-01-01

208

The 1991 research program (of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main research activities and programs are overviewed. The following domains are covered: production techniques, production organization, transportation and storage, mechanical engineering automation, design and construction, ergonomics, design in plastics, thermal mechanics, heat transfer and fluid mechanics, biomedical mechanical engineering, materials science, and technical mechanics and tribology.

1991-05-01

209

Supporting research and technology for automotive Stirling engine development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technology advancement topics described are a part of the supporting research and technology (SRT) work being conducted to support the major Stirling engine development program. This support focuses on developing alternatives or backups to the engine development work in critical areas. These areas are materials, seals, controls, combustors, and system analysis. A brief status report on each of these

Tomazic

1980-01-01

210

Empirical Software Engineering Research - The Good, The Bad, The Ugly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Software Engineering Research community has slowly recognized that empirical studies are an important way of validating ideas and increasingly our community has stopped accepting the sufficiency of arguing that a smart person has come up with the idea and therefore it must be good. This has led to a flood of Software Engineering papers that contain at least some

Elaine J. Weyuker

2011-01-01

211

Research and Development of Lift-Jet Engine, 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The lift jet engine JR100V, scheduled to power a research plane during VTOL mode operations is reviewed. The JR100V was developed as a version of the JR100 series engines. It features higher thrust to weight ratio than that of the JR100F which was equippe...

1982-01-01

212

Value of Systems Engineering - SECOE Research Project Progress Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a progress report on the results of a SECOE research project to collect and ana- lyze data that describes project cost, schedule, and qual- ity with systems engineering cost and quality. The original hypotheses to be tested are that (a) at low lev- els, increasing systems engineering effort results in better project quality, and (b) there is

Eric Honour; Brian Mar

213

Grand Challenges for Systems Engineering Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systems engineering is rapidly becoming recognised as a key discipline in a number of sectors including Aerospace & Defence, Automotive, Construction, Energy, Transportation, Consumer Electronics, IT, Pharmaceutical & Healthcare and Telecommunications. This trend is driven by growing system complexity and the need for optimal integration of people, processes and technologies. Consequently, the shear scale of future system complexity is likely

Roy S. Kalawsky

2009-01-01

214

Status of Research in Biomedical Engineering 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This status report is divided into eight sections. The first four represent the classical engineering or building aspects of bioengineering and deal with biomedical instrumentation, prosthetics, man-machine systems and computer and information systems. The next three sections are related to the scientific, intellectual and academic influence of

National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

215

IMPROVEMENT SUPPORT RESEARCH OF LOCAL DISASTER PREVENTION POWER USING THE FIRE SPREADING SIMULATION SYSTEM IN CASE OF A BIG EARTHQUAKE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research describes the risk communication towards improvement in the local disaster prevention power for Gobusho town in Marugame city which is only a high density city area in Kagawa Pref. Specifically, the key persons and authors of the area report the practice research towards improvement in the local disaster prevention power by the PDCA cycle of the area, such as formation of local voluntary disaster management organizations and implementation of an emergency drill, applying the fire spreading simulation system in case of a big earthquake. The fire spreading simulation system in case of the big earthquake which authors are developing describes the role and subject which have been achieved to BCP of the local community as a support system.

Futagami, Toru; Omoto, Shohei; Hamamoto, Kenichirou

216

Flexibility in Research Designs in Empirical Software Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem outline: It is common to classify empirical research designs as either qualitative or quantitative. Typically, particular research methods (e.g., case studies, action research, experiments and surveys) are associated with one or the other of these types of design. Studies in empirical software engineering (ESE) are often exploratory and often involve software developers and development organizations. As a consequence, it

Tore Dyb

217

Collaborative, academic-industry research approach for advancing Systems Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to many technology-based research programmes on which industry and academia may collaborate, a programme in systems engineering - a discipline which is practitioner-focused - requires a different approach to enabling exploitation of research outputs. Those outputs tend to be process, approach and methodological in nature rather than specifically tools and technologies. The NECTISE* research programme is a multi-year,

C. Henshaw; David J. Gunton; Esmond N. Urwin

2009-01-01

218

Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities, 1999. Detailed Statistical Tables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The data in these tables are collected biennially through the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Congressionally mandated Survey of Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities. The 1999 survey was sent to research-performing colleges and universities in the United States and to U.S. biomedical research institutions that received National

National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Studies.

219

Modernization of Engineering Research Institute at Tennessee State University.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Funding from 1997 DoD HBCU/MI infrastructure support for educational instrumentation provided support for Tennessee State University to modernize its Engineering Research Institute (ERI). State of the art equipment with associated software was purchased t...

M. J. Malkani M. Bodruzzaman A. Shirkhodaie G. Yuen S. Zein-Sabatto

2003-01-01

220

Research and engineering assessment of biological solubilization of phosphate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research and engineering assessment examined a microbial phosphate solubilization process as a method of recovering phosphate from phosphorus containing ore compared to the existing wet acid and electric arc methods. A total of 860 microbial isolates...

R. D. Rogers M. E. McIlwain S. J. Losinski D. D. Taylor

1993-01-01

221

Genetic Engineering of Plants. Agricultural Research Opportunities and Policy Concerns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The potential contribution of genetic engineering to agriculture is discussed. Research opportunities presented by the new genetic technologies, as well as their implications for funding and training in the plant sciences are discussed. (ERA citation 10:0...

1984-01-01

222

Genetic engineering of plants. Agricultural research opportunities and policy concerns  

SciTech Connect

The potential contribution of genetic engineering to agriculture is discussed. Research opportunities presented by the new genetic technologies, as well as their implications for funding and training in the plant scineces are discussed. (ACR)

Not Available

1984-01-01

223

Wind Engineering Research Council (WERC) Newsletter. Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The third issue of the WERC (Wind Engineering Research Council) Newsletter marks the resumption of its publication since August 1975. Its effectiveness is dependent upon interactions with the reader in the form of news items, meetings, etc. The newsletter...

R. A. Parmelee

1977-01-01

224

FY03 Engineering Technology Reports Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the science and technology research and development efforts in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2003, and exemplifies Engineering's 50-year history of researching and developing the engineering technologies needed to support the Laboratory's missions. Engineering has been a partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, and has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and the technical resources developed through venues like the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD). This accomplishment is well summarized by Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow.'' Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out through two programs, the LDRD program and the ''Tech Base'' program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating those technologies and competencies that are cutting edge, or that require a significant level of research, or contain some unknown that needs to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to apply those technologies, or adapt them to a Laboratory need. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice.'' Therefore, the LDRD report covered here has a strong research emphasis. Areas that are presented all fall into those needed to accomplish our mission. For FY2003, Engineering's LDRD projects were focused on mesoscale target fabrication and characterization, development of engineering computational capability, material studies and modeling, remote sensing and communications, and microtechnology and nanotechnology for national security applications. Engineering's five Centers, in partnership with the Division Leaders and Department Heads, are responsible for guiding the science and technology investments for the Directorate. The Centers represent technology areas that have been identified as critical for the present and future work of the Laboratory, and are chartered to develop their respective areas. Their LDRD projects are the key resources to attain this competency, and, as such, nearly all of Engineering's portfolio falls under one of the five Centers. The Centers and their Directors are listed.

Minichino, C

2004-03-05

225

The Research of Vertical Search Engine for Agriculture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following rapid expansion of huge Agriculture information body on the Web, the efficient Agriculture information gathering on specified top becomes more and more important in search engine research. Through the statement of the developing trend of search engine and sharing agriculture information resource, this paper discusses the necessity of building search engine for agriculture information. The author clarifies the working principles of professional search engine for agriculture and finally analyses the improvement of searching technique of agriculture and proposes a model for agriculture - focused search.

Li, Weiying; Zhao, Yan; Liu, Bo; Li, Qiang

226

A visco-elastoplastic model for fault rocks and its application to earthquake research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the light of the rheological properties of crustal rocks and some features of earthquakes, a rheological model for fault\\u000a rocks is suggested in the paper and the possibility of applying the suggested model to the study of earthquake mechanism is\\u000a discussed. The results show that it is reasonable to take the suggested model as a physical simplification of fault

Liming Zhang; Zhenyu Tao

1992-01-01

227

Research into the origins of engineering thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

This paper draws attention to a series of misconceptions and misstatements regarding the origin and meaning of some of the most basic concepts of engineering thermodynamics. The six examples exhibited in the paper relate to the concepts of reversibility, entropy, mechanical equivalent of the calorie, the first law of thermodynamics for open systems, enthalpy and the Diesel cycle. A complete list of the pioneering references concludes the paper.

Bejan, A.

1988-09-01

228

Becoming an Engineering Education Researcher: Intersections, Extensions, and Lessons Learned Among Three Researchers' Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering education is an emerging discipline, and the number of people choosing this career path is increasing. What pathways might we navigate on our way to becoming an engineering education researcher? How can we investigate these pathways and what could we learn? In this paper we explore intersections, extensions, and lessons learned among three stories of becoming an engineering education

Robin Adams; Lorraine Fleming; Karl Smith

229

Damage to Structures and Engineered Facilities in the Gujurat, India, Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk surveys damage to constructed facilities. Damage was catastrophic, extensive, and costly. An estimated 100,000 to 150,000 people perished, and direct economic losses amounted to about 5 billion dollars. Entire villages in the epicentral area were decimated, while others nearby remained nearly intact. Particularly-vulnerable buildings in cities located over 250 km from the epicentral region also collapsed, causing significant life loss in these cities despite the low incidence of collapse. The region's building codes, containing modern provisions for earthquake-resistant design, were largely irrelevant because they were not enforced. Furthermore, zoning regulations encourage the construction of vulnerable buildings, having open ground stories. Bridges faired better, with only minor culverts collapsing and others being damaged but remaining mostly functional. Damage to ports reduced their capacity. Damage to water transmission and distribution lines was significant; damage to power transmission lines was localized. About ten percent of the population had insurance; payouts of about 100 million dollars are expected.

Aschheim, M.

2001-05-01

230

Research Group Introduction : Mechanical Control Engineering Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, Shibaura Institute of Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mechanical Control Engineering Laboratory focuses on the control theory and implementation for the robotic applications. The research themes include network based tele-operation, mobile robots control for network relay, autonomous outdoor mobile robot and biped robot.

??, ?

231

Overview: Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities, 1998  

NSF Publications Database

October 1999 Overview: Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities ... Overview: Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities, 1998 Portable ...

232

33 CFR 222.4 - Reporting earthquake effects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Reporting earthquake effects. 222.4 Section 222...ENGINEERING AND DESIGN § 222.4 Reporting earthquake effects. (a) Purpose. ...following the occurrence of significant earthquakes. It primarily concerns damage...

2010-07-01

233

33 CFR 222.4 - Reporting earthquake effects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false Reporting earthquake effects. 222.4 Section 222...ENGINEERING AND DESIGN § 222.4 Reporting earthquake effects. (a) Purpose. ...following the occurrence of significant earthquakes. It primarily concerns damage...

2009-07-01

234

Summaries of FY 1995 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

The individual engineering project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution and so the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1995. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1995 appears to the right of title; it is followed by the budget activity number. These numbers categorize the projects for budgetary purposes and the categories are described in the budget number index. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-mail address, where available. The fiscal year in which either the project began or was renewed and the anticipated duration in years are indicated respectively by the first two and last digits of the sequence directly below the budget activity number. The summary description of the project completes the entry.

NONE

1996-03-01

235

Genetic Engineering of Animals for Medical Research: Students' Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the results of a survey meant to ascertain the views of 16- to 18-year-old students (n=778) on using animals in medical research. Suggests that students have no greater objection to the use of genetically engineered animals over naturally bred animals in medical research. Contains 16 references. (Author/WRM)

Hill, Ruaraidh; Stanisstreet, Martin; O'Sullivan, Helen; Boyes, Edward

1999-01-01

236

Offshore hydrodynamics. [Engineering design and research needs for offshore facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the author presents several applied as well as fundamental research problems related to the future needs of the offshore engineering. The paper starts out with a detailed discussion of the current uncertainties and constraints. Then, specific research issues on environmental input conditions, on the role of computational fluid dynamics, and on damping and dynamic response are presented.

Sarpkaya

1993-01-01

237

Impact of Information Technology on Research in Science and Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is little research on the impact of information technology (IT) on how research is carried out by scientists and engineers. This paper draws on other bodies of writings which indirectly shed light on this question. Included are: the role of calculat...

J. A. Morell

1987-01-01

238

Researchers Dispute Notion that America Lacks Scientists and Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers who track the American labor market told Congress last week that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the United States has more than enough scientists and engineers and that federal agencies and universities should reform the way they train young scientists to better match the supply of scientists with the demand for researchers. At a

Monastersky, Richard

2007-01-01

239

Multi-Parameteric Geophysical Observatory: An Integrated Approach to Earthquake Precursory Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laboratory based Dilatancy-diffusion model predicts that crustal rocks when subjected to various degrees of stresses, simulating different phases of earthquake preparatory cycle, undergo opening of minor cracks, in-flux of fluids, material strengthening prior to the rupture. These changes producing small perturbation in physical properties of rocks are manifested in the enhanced micro-seismicity, seismic wave velocity changes, crustal deformation, small-scale changes in gravity, resistivity, magnetic field intensity, electromagnetic and radon gas emission as well as by fluctuations in hydrological parameters. Recognising that simultaneous measurements of inter-disciplinary parameters are key to decipher characteristic space-time variation during the earthquake preparatory cycles, a Multi-Parameteric Geophysical Observatory (MPGO) has been established at Ghuttu, Central Himalaya. Located in a narrow belt of high seismicity, just south of the Main Central Thrust of the Himalaya, has been the seat of recent 1991-Uttarkashi and 1999-Chamoli earthquakes, both M> 6. The MPGO became fully operational in April 2007 and is equipped with super conducting gravimeter, overhauser magnetometer, tri-axial fluxgate magnetometer, ULF band search coil magnetometer, radon data logger, water level recorders and is backed up by the dense network of Broad Band Seismometers (BBS) and GPS. However, the isolation of weak earthquake precursory signal further requires characterization of time variability related to environmental, hydrological, tectonic and even inter planetary processes affecting differently each geophysical time series. Demonstrating the potential of data adoptive techniques like Principal Component Analysis, Wavelet, Singular Spectrum Analysis, Fractal etc in denoising and allowing parameterization of tidal, pressure and hydrological influence on gravity and other time series, the presentation shall present nature of precursory signals in gravity, magnetic, radon and water level in association with a moderate 4.9 M Kharsali Earthquake of July 22, 2007, largest local earthquake recorded since the MPGO became functional.

Bansal, B. K.; Arora, B. R.; Kumar, N.

2009-12-01

240

ReSEARCH: A Requirements Search Engine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research address three closely related problems. (1) Most current search technology is based on a popularity metric (e.g., PageRank or ExpertRank), but not on the semantic content of the document. (2) When building components in a service-oriented ar...

C. Martell G. Gehrke P. Anand P. H. Adams R. Gera

2008-01-01

241

Understanding Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource features links to: an earthquake quiz; a rotating globe showing earthquake locations; famous earthquake accounts by Mark Twain, Jack London, Charles Darwin, and John Muir; a Java animation of the gradual buildup of stress that leads to earthquakes; a three-page history of seismology to 1910; and other educational and earthquake websites.

242

Knowledge-Based Engineering Review: Conceptual Foundations and Research Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Knowledge-Based Engineering (KBE) is a developing research field that studies technologies for capture and re-use product\\u000a and process engineering knowledge to reduce time and cost of product development. KBE has held great promise since its inception,\\u000a but evolution in the technologies and notions underlying KBE as well as significant challenges towards adoption have so far\\u000a precluded its main-stream use. The

Wim J. C. Verhagen; Richard Curran

243

Hypersonic engine seal development at NASA Lewis Research Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA Lewis Research Center is developing advanced seal concepts and sealing technology for advanced combined cycle ramjet/scramjet engines being designed for the National Aerospace Plane (NASP). Technologies are being developed for both the dynamic seals that seal the sliding interfaces between articulating engine panels and sidewalls, and for the static seals that seal the heat exchanger to back-up structure interfaces. This viewgraph presentation provides an overview of the candidate engine seal concepts, seal material assessments, and unique test facilities used to assess the leakage and thermal performance of the seal concepts.

Steinetz, Bruce M.

1994-07-01

244

Supporting research and technology for automotive Stirling engine development  

SciTech Connect

The technology advancement topics described are a part of the supporting research and technology (SRT) work being conducted to support the major Stirling engine development program. This support focuses on developing alternatives or backups to the engine development work in critical areas. These areas are materials, seals, controls, combustors, and system analysis. A brief status report on each of these key areas will be presented. Specific objectives and planned milestone schedules for future activities as now envisioned are described. These planned SRT activities will be related to the timeline of the engine development program that they must support.

Tomazic, W.A.

1980-01-01

245

An Analysis of the Engineering Education Research Base on Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PR2OVE-IT (peer reviewed research offering validation of effective and innovative teaching) website (www.pr2ove-it.org) is a database that summarizes the available research on educational interventions designed to enhance student learning, retention, and professional success. It is intended to be a tool for translating education research on interventions into practical classroom use by engineering faculty who are not engaged in educational

Barbara E. Lovitts; Melissa A. Dupree; Norman L. Fortenberry

2006-01-01

246

Translational research: A systems engineer approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Health Organization, in its World Health Report 2000 - Health Systems: Improving Performance said, ldquoThe U.S. health system spends a higher portion of its gross domestic product than any other country but ranks 37 out of 191 countries according to its performance...rdquo National Institute of Health (NIH) established the Common Fund in 2004 to advance interdisciplinary research across

Sam Beydoun; Bruce Calvert; B. FitzPatrick; P. Gupta; R. McNeal; C. Quarmby; T. Sweeney; B. Tamburello; C. Thomas; J. Welch

2008-01-01

247

Sharing Research Models: Using Software Engineering Practices for Facilitation  

PubMed Central

Increasingly, researchers are turning to computational models to understand the interplay of important variables on systems behaviors. Although researchers may develop models that meet the needs of their investigation, application limitationssuch as nonintuitive user interface features and data input specificationsmay limit the sharing of these tools with other research groups. By removing these barriers, other research groups that perform related work can leverage these work products to expedite their own investigations. The use of software engineering practices can enable managed application production and shared research artifacts among multiple research groups by promoting consistent models, reducing redundant effort, encouraging rigorous peer review, and facilitating research collaborations that are supported by a common toolset. This report discusses three established software engineering practices the iterative software development process, object-oriented methodology, and Unified Modeling Languageand the applicability of these practices to computational model development. Our efforts to modify the MIDAS TranStat application to make it more user-friendly are presented as an example of how computational models that are based on research and developed using software engineering practices can benefit a broader audience of researchers.

Bryant, Stephanie P.; Solano, Eric; Cantor, Susanna; Cooley, Philip C.; Wagener, Diane K.

2011-01-01

248

Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research: Scientific and cultural exchange in undergraduate engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model for an international undergraduate biomedical engineering research exchange program is outlined. In 2008, the Johns Hopkins University in collaboration with Tsinghua University in Beijing, China established the Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research. Undergraduate biomedical engineering students from both universities are offered the opportunity to participate in research at the overseas institution. Programs such as these

Andrew D. Wisneski; Lixia Huang; Bo Hong; Xiaoqin Wang

2011-01-01

249

FY04 Engineering Technology Reports Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the science and technology research and development efforts in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2004, and exemplifies Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's missions. Engineering has been a partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence and has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and the technical resources developed through venues like the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program (LDRD). This accomplishment is well summarized by Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow''. Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out through two programs, the ''Tech Base'' program and the LDRD program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating those technologies and competencies that are cutting edge. These require a significant level of research or contain some unknown that needs to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to apply technologies to a Laboratory need. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice''. Therefore, the LDRD report covered here has a strong research emphasis. Areas that are presented all fall into those needed to accomplish our mission. For FY2004, Engineering's LDRD projects were focused on mesoscale target fabrication and characterization, development of engineering computational capability, material studies and modeling, remote sensing and communications, and microtechnology and nanotechnology for national security applications. Engineering's five Centers, in partnership with the Division Leaders and Department Heads, are responsible for guiding the long-term science and technology investments for the Directorate. The Centers represent technologies that have been identified as critical for the present and future work of the Laboratory, and are chartered to develop their respective areas. Their LDRD projects are the key resources to attain this competency, and, as such, nearly all of Engineering's portfolio falls under one of the five Centers. The Centers and their Directors are: (1) Center for Computational Engineering: Robert M. Sharpe; (2) Center for Microtechnology and Nanotechnology: Raymond P. Mariella, Jr.; (3) Center for Nondestructive Characterization: Harry E. Martz, Jr.; (4) Center for Precision Engineering: Keith Carlisle; and (5) Center for Complex Distributed Systems: Gregory J. Suski, Acting Director.

Sharpe, R M

2005-01-27

250

Research paper Luminescence dating of the last earthquake of the Sabzevar thrust fault, NE Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iran is one of the world's most tectonically active regions, yet dating past earthquakes for neotectonic studies has been limited. One of the main reasons for this is that organic material suitable for radiocarbon dating of deformed sediments is rare. We investigate the use of infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) from coarse-grained feldspars to date colluvial deposits associated with the Sabzevar

Morteza Fattahi; Richard T. Walker

251

Highway Focus Toward an Understanding of Earthquakes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The treatise was prepared to present basic information such that those engineers unfamiliar with the earthquake phenomena will acquire a better understanding of the causes and distribution of earthquakes. Efforts being undertaken to mitigate the effects o...

W. Podolny J. D. Cooper

1974-01-01

252

U.S.-Japan Cooperative Earthquake Research Program: Earthquake Simulation Tests and Associated Studies of a 0.3-Scale Model of a Six-Story Concentrically Braced Steel Structure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes the University of California, Berkeley part of the Six-Story Concentrically K-braced Steel Structure Phase of the U.S. -Japan Cooperative Earthquake Research Program. The design of the full-scale test building is reviewed and its beh...

C. M. Uang V. V. Bertero

1986-01-01

253

Low-emission engines focus of research at Ulstein Bergen  

SciTech Connect

Since Bergen Diesel joined the Ulstein group of companies and was renamed Ulstein Bergen (UBE), the company`s engine activities have been given higher priority, particularly in regards to gas engine development. Research work at UBE focuses on the reduction of NO{sub x} emissions. The goal is to reduce NO{sub x} by 30% without exhaust gas treatment and without a fuel efficiency penalty. Results to date have indicated that a 12 to 15% reduction is already possible. Development activities also include research into dual-fuel units. A prototype has just started trials using traditional low-pressure gas technology and conventional injectors. 2 figs.

NONE

1994-05-01

254

The collaborative program of research in engineering sciences  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, the Energy Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) began a collaborative program of energy-related engineering research. This program was extended for another three years starting in January 1991. The program continues to pursue three broad goals: to perform quality research on energy-related technologies involved in industrial processes and productivity; to demonstrate the potential of collaborative programs between universities and the national laboratories; and to encourage the transfer of the technology developed to the industrial sector. This annual report describes progress at MIT under the MIT/INEL program during the past year.

Hardt, D.E. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Energy Lab.)

1992-09-01

255

Reservoir technology research at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) has been conducting geothermal reservoir research and testing sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE) since 1983. The INEL research program is primarily aimed at the development of reservoir engineering techniques for fractured geothermal reservoirs. Numerical methods have been developed which allow the simulation of fluid flow and heat transfer in complex fractured reservoirs. Sensitivity studies have illustrated the importance of incorporating the influence of fractures in reservoir simulations. Related efforts include fracture characterization, geochemical reaction kinetics and field testing.

Stiger, S.G.; Renner, J.L.

1987-01-01

256

Post-earthquake ignition vulnerability assessment of Kkekmece District  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a Geographic Information System (GIS) based model was developed to calculate the post-earthquake ignition probability of a building, considering damage to the building's interior gas and electrical distribution system and the overturning of appliances. In order to make our model more reliable and realistic, a weighting factor was used to define the possible existence of each appliance or other contents in the given occupancy. A questionnaire was prepared to weigh the relevance of the different components of post-earthquake ignitions using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The questionnaire was evaluated by researchers who were experienced in earthquake engineering and post earthquake fires. The developed model was implemented to HAZTURK (Hazards Turkey) earthquake loss assessment software, as developed by Mid-America Earthquake Center with the help of Istanbul Technical University. The developed post-earthquake ignition tool was applied to Kkekmece, Istanbul in Turkey. The results were evaluated according to structure types, occupancy types, the number of storeys, building codes and specified districts. The evaluated results support the theory that post-earthquake ignition probability is inversely proportional to the number of storeys and the construction year, depending upon the building code.

Yildiz, S. S.; Karaman, H.

2013-05-01

257

Commonly used earthquake source models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several important earthquake source models that have been extensively used in seismological research and earthquake prediction are presented and discussed. A new fault source model is used to explain the earthquake focal mechanism solution and tectonic stress field, which play a crucial role in earthquake initiation and preparation. The elastodynamic-dislocation theory is demonstrated which provides the theoretical background of most earthquake source models. Important earthquake source models reviewed here include the double-force-couple point-source model, the circular-shear dislocation model, the finite moving-source model, the Brune model, and the spherical explosive source model.

Liu, Wenlong; Liu, Yucheng

2012-11-01

258

Earthquake resistant design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After having learned about earthquakes in class, through readings and earlier lab assignments, students (in groups of two) are asked to design and construct (using balsa wood, string, paper and glue) a three-story building designed to minimize the effects of shear-wave vibrations that occur during an earthquake. The students are required to research the design concepts on their own and most of the construction work occurs outside of the regular laboratory period. The structures are tested for strength a week before the earthquake occurs - can they support the required load for each floor? On earthquake day, the buildings a tested for a "design earthquake" and then each group is given the opportunity to see how "large" and earthquake their structure can withstand - both in terms of frequency and amplitude variations. In addition to building the structure, each team has to submit a paper reflecting on why they designed and built the structure the way they did.

Malinconico, Lawrence L.

259

Discrimination between NTS explosions, earthquakes and the non-proliferation experiment at the Pinedale Seismic Research Facility  

SciTech Connect

As the United States moves into an atmosphere of concern about the spread of nuclear weapons to non-nuclear countries, the focus on monitoring nuclear explosions is changing from looking at specific test sites and yields to looking for tests of large and small yields from anywhere in the world. Discrimination of small events then becomes important and regional seismic monitoring the best method to detect and identify suspicious events. At the Pinedale Seismic Research Facility (PSRF) in Wyoming we have the opportunity to try different regional discriminants with nuclear tests from NTS, western US (W-US) earthquakes and the Non-Proliferation Experiment (NPE). Four discriminants that gave the best results in a study by Taylor et al. were tried: m{sub b}:M{sub s}, M{sub b}:M{sub s}{sup h}, log(L{sub g}/P{sub g}) and spectral ratios. The different discriminants were applied to the data (14 NTS explosions, the NPE, one Department of Defense (DOB) explosion and 34 NWS earthquakes) regardless of signal-to-noise. When the NTS explosions and NPE were only compared to four earthquakes located on or near the Test Site, all the discriminants except log(L{sub g}/P{sub g}) worked fairly well at PSRF. When the other WUS earthquakes and DOD explosion are included, only m{sub b}:M{sub s} shows any promise. Because of frequent physical variations in the earth`s crust, regional signals are complex and easily influenced by site and path characteristics. Looking at events from one specific area reduces the effects of the path, which is why three discriminants work well when the data set is restricted to events on or near NTS. The only discriminant not adversely affected from variations in path is m{sub b}:M{sub s}. This is probably because it is believed that source dimension, source time function and/or source mechanism is the cause for the differences between earthquakes and explosions with this discriminant, rather than any path effects.

Carr, D.

1994-09-01

260

Engineering Education in Biomimetic MicroElectronic Systems: An Urban Engineering Research Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2003, the National Science Foundation awarded a large private urban research university funds to create an Engineering Research Center (ERC)- a center dedicated to the coordination of groundbreaking research in the development of biomimetic devices. The ERC brings physicians, biologists, engineers and educators together to develop microelectronic systems that interact with living, human tissues. The resulting technology enables implantable and portable devices that can treat presently incurable diseases such as blindness, loss of neuromuscular control, paralysis, and the loss of cognitive function. The researchers focus on mixed signal systems on chip, power and data management, intelligent analog circuits, interface technology at the nano- and microscales to integrate microelectronic systems with neurons, and new materials designed to prevent rejection. The ERC has a significantly reformed engineering education effort with foci on undergraduate and graduate engineering with a BME application focus. These reform efforts combine the collaborative expertise of the universitys school of engineering, a school of medicine and a school of education. The engineering educational reform efforts combine undergraduate and graduate coursework with comprehensive, innovative, and multidisciplinary laboratory experiences aligned to the ERCs BME test beds for all students. Students have opportunities to engage in powerful research side-by-side premiere researchers using aninductively based, situated approach to curriculum and instruction. The ERCs engineering educational approaches address four broad themes: Access, Inductively based Situated Learning, Retention and Career outcomes. This paper reports both on baseline access, retention, and career data and a logic model associated with a comprehensive curricular reform resulting from the access, retention and career baseline data. As a result of this baseline data, the ERC educational team has found innovative ways to infuse inductively based, situated curriculum and instruction in addition to a student-centric outcome metrics into all aspects of the BME curriculum and associated laboratory experiences. These assessment measures build on the principles established in educational psychology and include pre and posttest BME concept inventories, rubric-based laboratory assessments, BME efficacy measures and employer satisfaction measures. A comprehensive assessment profile is in the process of being created for program graduates at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. This ASEE paper is a work in progress report as the engineering education reform engaged in via the ERC represents a comprehensive reform process incorporated in to NSF engineering research center funding that extends for a ten year period.

Khoo, Michel; Ragusa, Gisele; Meng, Ellis

2009-10-09

261

Mid-America Earthquake Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Understanding earthquakes is a complex process, and the Mid-Americ Earthquake Center is one of three national earthquake engineering research centers set up to work on a variety of approaches to a broad set of related scientific concerns. Based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Center consists of a consortium of nine core institutions and is funded by the National Science Foundation. The Center's primary work is within four areas, including information technology and consequence-based risk management frameworks. Recognizing that they serve a broad range of visitors to their website, the Center has established a number of informative introductions on their homepage for the general public, potential industry partners, members of the press, and K-12 educators. While a number of visitors may be interested in their technical reports and software packages, most visitors will want to look over the graduate and undergraduate teaching modules, which will be of great use to educators in the engineering and geophysical sciences and their students. Additionally, the Center's site provides access to a number of informative webcasts, including presentations on seismic performances of bridges.

262

Basic research in computer science and software engineering at SKLCS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State Key Laboratory of Computer Science (SKLCS) is committed to basic research in computer science and software engineering.\\u000a The research topics of the laboratory include: concurrency theory, theory and algorithms for real-time systems, formal specifications\\u000a based on context-free grammars, semantics of programming languages, model checking, automated reasoning, logic programming,\\u000a software testing, software process improvement, middleware technology, parallel algorithms and

Jian Zhang; Wenhui Zhang; Naijun Zhan; Yidong Shen; Haiming Chen; Yunquan Zhang; Yongji Wang; Enhua Wu; Hongan Wang; Xueyang Zhu

2008-01-01

263

Experiment Research of Autonomous Driving Valve for Pulse Detonation Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research proposed the principle of the autonomous driving valve and manufactured the experimental model. This valve composed of only three parts: a piston, a cylinder, and a spring. It is extremely simple and expected mass flow per unit mass is high. In fact, it is specialized for Pulse Detonation Rocket Engine. We established the mechanical model of the valve

Ken Matsuoka

2008-01-01

264

ChE Undergraduate Research Projects in Biomedical Engineering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an undergraduate research program in biomedical engineering at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Includes goals and faculty comments on the program. Indicates that 58 percent of projects conducted between 1976 and 1980 have been presented at meetings or published. (SK)|

Stroeve, Pieter

1981-01-01

265

Teaching Ethics to Engineers--A Research-Based Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes research underpinning a course, developed in Australia, on ethics for engineers. The methodology used, that of identifying the principal ethical issues facing the discipline and designing the course around these issues, would be applicable to other disciplines and in other countries. The course was based on the assumption that

Bowden, Peter

2010-01-01

266

SBP - ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS FOR IN-HOUSE ANTITERRORISM RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this work is to provide an engineering requirements analysis for IEMB (Indoor Environment Management Branch) facilities required for in-house antiterrorism research associated with the EPA Safe Buildings Program. A contract was awarded in FY02 to Westinghouse Safe...

267

EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL RISK REDUCTION ENGINEERING LABORATORY RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM - ABSTRACT PROCEEDINGS  

EPA Science Inventory

This document contains the extended abstracts (3 to 5 pages) of formal presentations scheduled for the 1992 Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory to be held in April, 1992. hese abstracts highlight the ongoing research activities and results for work sponsored by the Laboratory. ...

268

Earthquake Risk Mitigation in the Tokyo Metropolitan area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismic disaster risk mitigation in urban areas constitutes a challenge through collaboration of scientific, engineering, and social-science fields. Examples of collaborative efforts include research on detailed plate structure with identification of all significant faults, developing dense seismic networks; strong ground motion prediction, which uses information on near-surface seismic site effects and fault models; earthquake resistant and proof structures; and cross-discipline infrastructure for effective risk mitigation just after catastrophic events. Risk mitigation strategy for the next greater earthquake caused by the Philippine Sea plate (PSP) subducting beneath the Tokyo metropolitan area is of major concern because it caused past mega-thrust earthquakes, such as the 1703 Genroku earthquake (magnitude M8.0) and the 1923 Kanto earthquake (M7.9) which had 105,000 fatalities. A M7 or greater (M7+) earthquake in this area at present has high potential to produce devastating loss of life and property with even greater global economic repercussions. The Central Disaster Management Council of Japan estimates that the M7+ earthquake will cause 11,000 fatalities and 112 trillion yen (about 1 trillion US$) economic loss. This earthquake is evaluated to occur with a probability of 70% in 30 years by the Earthquake Research Committee of Japan. In order to mitigate disaster for greater Tokyo, the Special Project for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area (2007-2011) was launched in collaboration with scientists, engineers, and social-scientists in nationwide institutions. The results that are obtained in the respective fields will be integrated until project termination to improve information on the strategy assessment for seismic risk mitigation in the Tokyo metropolitan area. In this talk, we give an outline of our project as an example of collaborative research on earthquake risk mitigation. Discussion is extended to our effort in progress and scientific results obtained so far at the Earthquake Research Institute (ERI). ERI hosts the scientific part focusing on characterization of the plate structure and source faults in and around the Tokyo metropolitan area. One of the topics is ongoing deployment of seismic stations that constitute the Metropolitan Seismic Observation network (MeSO-net). We have deployed 226 stations with a 2-5 km interval in space. Based on seismic data obtained from the MeSO-net, we aim to reveal the detailed geometry of the subducting PSP.

Hirata, N.; Sakai, S.; Kasahara, K.; Nakagawa, S.; Nanjo, K.; Panayotopoulos, Y.; Tsuruoka, H.

2010-12-01

269

Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Volume 31, No. 1, January, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main aim of Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology is to publish refereed, well written original research articles that describe the latest research and developments in Engineering,Science & Technology. This is a broad based jo...

2012-01-01

270

Research engine test of coal slurry fuels. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The program discussed in this report involved evaluation of the combustion characteristics of several coal slurry fuels in a single cylinder test engine operating under conditions simulating medium size and speed commercial diesel engines. Baseline performance was established using a reference DF-2 test fuel. Slurry fuels tested included: (1) 45% of a low volatile coal in diesel fuel; (2) 40% of cleaned of a cleaned high-volatile coal in a carrier containing 91% methanol and 9% water; and (3) 41% cleaned, high volatile coal in methanol. The testing program demonstrated the importance of several engine operating and fuel composition parameters on engine and ancillary system performance: (1) coal particle top size of 38 microns was identified as the limiting value for the test equipment utilized in this study; coal volatility affects burnout, but ignition is unaffected as long as the slurry carrier provides the ignition source; coal ash content affects the wear rate, but wear rate is not linear with ash content or total ash throughput; and engine components may require modifications in order to handle fuels containing abrasive solid materials. These tests demonstrated that slurry fuels are a viable alternative to highly refined petroleum fuels in medium speed diesel engine applications. However, additional research is required before widespread application of these fuels can occur. The study demonstrated the lack of available information on the microscale mechanisms of slurry fuel atomization, ignition, and combustion in the diesel engine combustion chamber environment. Also, the problems of burning a coal/water slurry in the engine were not addressed. 12 references, 51 figures, 14 tables.

Not Available

1985-02-01

271

Earthquake data analysis: An example from Sweden  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methods and results of earthquake data analysis are illustrated by the seismicity of Sweden in the period 1951-1976, summarizing a comprehensive research project for the past five years. Starting from the regional structural properties, methods are given for the evaluation of instrumental and macroseismic observations, including error analysis and source identification. The resulting earthquake distribution is investigated in relation to space (various types of seismicity mapping), time (periodicities) and magnitude (frequency-magnitude and energy-magnitude relations). The tectonophysical explanations of the earthquake origin are still subject to considerable uncertainty and can be treated only by way of discussions. The engineering applications, stimulated recently by the nuclear power industry, can be placed on much more reliable ground. They include calculations of seismic risk and fracture risk as well as investigations of certain phenomena of practical consequences, especially rockbursts. This review is primarily addressed to those who have use for seismological data in their work, especially geologists, tectonophysicists and engineers. It is important for them to realize how the seismological data are obtained, their reliability and their range of application. Sweden is here mainly used as an example, but the developed methods have a general applicability to any earthquake region, with proper modifications. In short, our purpose is two-fold: (1) to summarize recent research on the seismicity of Sweden: (2) to introduce all users of seismological data into methods and results.

Bth, Markus

1983-06-01

272

Research on the Ignition-Chamber GDI Engine Combustion System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ignition-chamber GDI engine combustion system and its fuel injection strategy were presented and studied by multi-dimensional fluid dynamic (CFD) code and experiment. The CFD research result shows that the ignition-chamber combustion system and its fuel injection strategy can ensure that there is flammable mixture with appropriate concentration distribution near the spark plug to enhance the ignition reliability. The performance of the GDI engine with the ignition-chamber combustion system was investigated basing on the existing experiment condition. The result shows that the ignition-chamber combustion system has the potential of decreasing emissions and enhancing the combustion speed and stability.

Fu, Lei; Ishima, Tsuneaki; Long, Wu-Qiang; Tian, Jiang-Ping

273

Science and Engineering Research Semester (SERS) for undergraduate students  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE), through the Science and Energy Research Semester (SERS), provides unique research opportunities for upper-level undergraduate students at six national laboratories, which have established Science Education Centers. At each Science Education Center, SERS participants have the opportunity to become involved in hands-on'' research working with scientific teams engaged in long-range investigations and using advanced facilities/equipment. SERS research opportunities are available in biomedicine, chemistry, materials science, engineering, physics, environmental science, geoscience, mathematics, computer science, artificial intelligence, energy systems, and waste technology. SERS participates follow a program with three basic elements: (1) participation in ongoing national energy-related research; (2) training and experience in the operation of sophisticated, state-of-the-art equipment and instruments; and (3) seminars, workshops, and coursework designed to supplement the laboratory research experience.

Not Available

1990-12-01

274

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a consortium of universities and research institutions dedicated to gathering information about earthquakes in Southern California, integrate that knowledge into a comprehensive and predictive understanding of earthquake phenomena, and communicate this understanding to end-users and the general public in order to increase earthquake awareness, reduce economic losses, and save lives. News of recent earthquake research, online resources and educational information is available here.

275

How Do Engineering Scientists Think? Model-Based Simulation in Biomedical Engineering Research Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing, building, and experimenting with physical simulation models are central problem-solving practices in the engineering sciences. Model-based simulation is an epistemic activity which includes exploration, generation and testing of hypotheses, explanation, and inference. This paper argues that to interpret and understand how these simulation models function in creating knowledge and technologies requires construing problem solving as accomplished by a researcher

Nancy J. Nersessian

2009-01-01

276

74 FR 26206 - Recovery Act Measurement Science and Engineering Research Fellowship Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Recovery Act Measurement Science and Engineering Research Fellowship Program AGENCY...with NIST a measurement science and engineering fellowship program as part of NIST's...practical experience in science and engineering, and to advance NIST's mission...

2009-06-01

277

74 FR 7863 - Measurement, Science and Engineering Research Grants Programs; Availability of Funds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0812021541-81547-01] Measurement, Science and Engineering Research Grants Programs; Availability...1) The Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory Grants Program; (2) the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory Grants Program; (3)...

2009-02-20

278

Engineering and socioeconomic impacts of earthquakes: An analysis of electricity lifeline disruptions in the New Madrid area  

SciTech Connect

This monograph examines the potential effects of a repeat of the New Madrid earthquake to the metropolitan Memphis area. The authors developed a case study of the impact of such an event to the electric power system, and analyzed how this disruption would affect society. In nine chapters and 189 pages, the book traces the impacts of catastrophic earthquakes through a curtailment of utility lifeline services to its host regional economy and beyond. the monographs` chapters include: Modeling the Memphis economy; seismic performance of electric power systems; spatial analysis techniques for linking physical damage to economic functions; earthquake vulnerability and emergency preparedness among businesses; direct economic impacts; regional economic impacts; socioeconomic and interregional impacts; lifeline risk reduction; and public policy formulation and implementation.

Shinozuka, M.; Rose, A.; Eguchi, R.T.

1998-12-31

279

The collaborative program of research in engineering science  

SciTech Connect

MIT and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory are continuing the program of collaborative research on energy-related engineering. The program involves research in the following areas: (1) mathematical modeling of thermal plasma systems, (2) high-temperature gas-particle reactions, (3) metal transfer in gas-metal arc welding, (4) multivariate control of gas-metal arc welding, (5) fundamentals of elastic-plastic fracture, (6) comminution of energy materials, and (7) synthesis and optimization of integrated chemical processes. A key objective of this collaborative program is to serve as a prototype for other university/laboratory collaborative programs. Another important goal is to enhance the transfer of new technology to the industrial sector.

Not Available

1990-12-01

280

Eighteenth annual risk reduction engineering laboratory research symposium  

SciTech Connect

The Eighteenth Annual Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory Research Symposium was held in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 14-16, 1992. The purpose of this Symposium was to present the latest significant research findings from ongoing and recently completed projects funded by the Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory (RREL). These Proceedings are organized into two sections. Sessions A and B, which contain extended abstracts of the paper presentations. A list of poster displays is also included. Subjects include remedial action, treatment, and control technologies for waste disposal, landfill liner and cover systems, underground storage tanks, and demonstration and development of innovative/alternative treatment technologies for hazardous waste. Alternative technology subjects include thermal destruction of hazardous wastes, field evaluations, existing treatment options, emerging treatment processes, waste minimization, and biosystems for hazardous waste destruction.

Not Available

1992-01-01

281

Patent coupling analysis of primary organizations in genetic engineering research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to reveal the possible linkage among the 40 primary organizations in Genetic Engineering Research\\u000a by taking the Patent Coupling approach. The primary organizations were defined by the productivity and identified by the patent\\u000a count and Bradford Law. The author analyzed the cited patents of the patents granted by United States Patent and Trademark\\u000a Office

Szu-chia Lo

2008-01-01

282

Challenges and Research Directions in Agent-Oriented Software Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agent-based computing is a promising approach for developing applications in complex do- mains. However, despite the great deal of research in the area, a number of challenges still need to be faced (i) to make agent-based computing a widely accepted paradigm in software engineering practice, and (ii) to turn agent-oriented software abstractions into practical tools for facing the complexity of

Franco Zambonelli; Andrea Omicini

2004-01-01

283

The value of the vaNTH engineering research center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Established in 1999 with a grant from the National Science Foundation, the Vanderbilt-Northwestern-Texas-Harvard\\/MIT Engineering Research Center (VaNTH\\/ERC) for Bioengineering Educational Technologies is aimed at improving the short- and long-term outcomes of bioengineering education at many levels with a particular emphasis on undergraduates. As part of the VaNTH ERC, there is a sizable emphasis on assessment and evaluation (A&E). This article

D. S. Cordray; G. M. Pion; A. Harris; P. Norris

2003-01-01

284

Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) -engaging students in research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) has been a community partnership between local high schools in San Antonio, Texas (USA), and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) during the past 18 years. The goals of YES are to increase the number of high school students, especially those from underrepresented groups, seeking careers in science and engineering and to enhance their success in entering the college and major of their choice. This is accomplished by expanding career awareness, including information on "hot" career areas through seminars and laboratory tours by SwRI staff, and allowing students to interact on a continuing basis with role models at SwRI in a real-world research experiences in physical sciences (including space sciences), information sciences, and a variety of engineering fields. YES consists of two parts: 1) An intensive three-week summer workshop held at SwRI where students experience the research environment and 2) a collegial mentorship where students complete individual research projects under the guidance of SwRI mentors during the academic year. At the end of the school year, students publicly present and display their work, spreading career awareness to other students and teachers. YES students develop a website (yesserver.space.swri.edu) for topics in space science and high school science teachers develop space-related lessons for classroom presentation. Partnerships between research institutes, local high schools, and community foundations, like the YES Program, can positively affect students' preparation for STEM careers via real-world research experiences with mentorship teams consisting of professional staff and qualified teachers. Acknowledgements. We acknowledge support from the NASA MMS Mission, Texas Space Grant Consortium, SwRI, and local charitable foundations.

Boice, Daniel; Reiff, Patricia

285

Students Engaged in Research - Young Engineers and Scientists (YES)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past 17 years, Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) has been a community partnership between local high schools in San Antonio, Texas (USA), and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI). The goals of YES are to increase the number of high school students, especially those from underrepresented groups, seeking careers in science and engineering and to enhance their success in entering the college and major of their choice. This is accomplished by expanding career awareness, including information on "hot" career areas through seminars and laboratory tours by SwRI staff, and allowing students to interact on a continuing basis with role models at SwRI in a real-world research experiences in physical sciences (including geosciences), information sciences, and a variety of engineering fields. YES consists of two parts: 1) An intensive three-week summer workshop held at SwRI where students experience the research environment and 2) a collegial mentorship where students complete individual research projects under the guidance of SwRI mentors during the academic year. At the end of the school year, students publicly present and display their work, spreading career awareness to other students and teachers. YES students develop a website (yesserver.space.swri.edu) for topics in space science and high school science teachers develop space-related lessons for classroom presentation. Partnerships between research institutes, local high schools, and community foundations, like the YES Program, can positively affect students preparation for STEM careers via real-world research experiences with mentorship teams consisting of professional staff and qualified teachers. Acknowledgements. We acknowledge support from the NASA MMS Mission, Texas Space Grant Consortium, SwRI, and local charitable foundations.

Boice, Daniel C.

2009-09-01

286

History of earthquakes in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of earthquake disasters in Colombia, South America is discussed in detail to promote scientific investigations, and to call attention to engineers, architects, contractors, insurance companies and building owners as to the conditions that must be included in the construction of earthquake resistant structures for the protection of city dwellers.

J. E. Ramirez

1969-01-01

287

AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE APPLICATION OF RESEARCH METHODS IN ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the use of research methods in the field of Engineering Management is analyzed. For this study, a database was formed by using articles from three journals in the Engineering Management field: the Engineering Management Journal (EMJ), the IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management and the Journal of Engineering and Technology Management (JETM). Articles written between 1999 and 2003

Andres Sousa-Poza; Rafael Landaeta; Yaneth Correa

288

Mechanism research on the electrical discharge WED machining of engineering ceramics materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

We make an experimental research of WEDM on boron carbide engineering ceramics, aiming at the target that how to improve the machining efficiency of engineering ceramics materials. The principle of electrical discharge machining on engineering ceramics materials is introduced. We also discuss how is the speed of engineering ceramics WEDM influenced by electrical parameter, by the research of WEDM processing

Li Xue; Xiong Jian-qiao; Yuan Xin-fang; Fan Jiu-chen

2011-01-01

289

Recent advances on structural vibration control and blast resistance research in HIT Blast Resistance and Protective Engineering laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, several innovative control systems developed for the vibration control of civil engineering structures subjected to various environmental excitations (such as earthquake, wind load, ocean waves and ice etc.) are introduced, which have been studied by the Blast Resistance and Protective Engineering laboratory of Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT-BRPE) during the past several years. Firstly, the dynamics and

C. Zhang; H. Xu; J. Liu; L. Li; X. Zhang; C. Liu; Z. Wu; J. Li

290

Predicting Earthquake Effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in the earth sciences and information technology have lead to dramatic improvements in our ability to respond to, as well as anticipate and mitigate, earthquake effects in our communities. The development of Geographic Information System (GIS) based tools such as ShakeMap and HAZUS have ushered in a new era of risk and emergency management. Real-time maps of strong ground motion, coupled with engineering-based descriptions of building and infrastructure inventory and vulnerability enable more accurate determinations of the location and severity of earthquake damage and the socio-economic consequences for emergency managers and officials following significant earthquakes. The ability to map the distribution and growth of seismic risk in the United States has long-term benefits for public policy as well. Long-term forecasts of seismic risk based on varying mitigation strategies can provide guidance for developing national and local earthquake policy. The successful performance of the Trans-Alaska pipeline during the 2002 Denali earthquake illustrates the dependence of performance-based engineering on the ability to predict earthquake effects (e.g., levels of strong ground motion, amounts of fault displacement or ground deformation). Being able to reduce the uncertainty in predicting these parameters has significant economic consequences and enables decision makers to more efficiently prioritize risk management strategies.

Nishenko, S.

2005-12-01

291

Earthquake Myths  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site serves to belie several popular myths about earthquakes. Students will learn that most earthquakes do not occur in the early morning and one cannot be swallowed up by an earthquake. In addition, there is no such thing as earthquake weather and California is not falling into the ocean. On the more practical side, students can learn that good building codes do not insure good buildings, it is safer under a table than in a doorway during an earthquake, and most people do not panic during an earthquake.

292

Peer review, basic research, and engineering: Defining a role for QA professionals in basic research environments  

SciTech Connect

Within the context of doing basic research, this paper seeks to answer four major questions: (1) What is the authority structure of science. (2) What is peer review. (3) Where is the interface between basic physics research and standard engineering. and (4) Given the conclusions to the first three questions, what is the role of the QA professional in a basic research environment like Fermilab. 23 refs.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1989-02-01

293

From biomedical-engineering research to clinical application and industrialization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rising costs and aging of the population due to a low birth rate negatively affect the healthcare system in Japan. In 2011, the Council for Science and Technology Policy released the 4th Japan's Science and Technology Basic Policy Report from 2011 to 2015. This report includes two major innovations, 'Life Innovation' and 'Green Innovation', to promote economic growth. Biomedical engineering research is part of 'Life Innovation' and its outcomes are required to maintain people's mental and physical health. It has already resulted in numerous biomedical products, and new ones should be developed using nanotechnology-based concepts. The combination of accumulated knowledge and experience, and 'nanoarchitechtonics' will result in novel, well-designed functional biomaterials. This focus issue contains three reviews and 19 original papers on various biomedical topics, including biomaterials, drug-delivery systems, tissue engineering and diagnostics. We hope that it demonstrates the importance of collaboration among scientists, engineers and clinicians, and will contribute to the further development of biomedical engineering.

Taguchi, Tetsushi; Aoyagi, Takao

2012-12-01

294

Earthquake prediction comes of age  

SciTech Connect

In the last decade, scientists have begun to estimate the long-term probability of major earthquakes along the San Andreas fault. In 1985, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) issued the first official U.S. government earthquake prediction, based on research along a heavily instrumented 25-kilometer section of the fault in sparsely populated central California. Known as the Parkfield segment, this section of the Sand Andreas had experienced its last big earthquake, a magnitude 6, in 1966. Estimated probabilities of major quakes along the entire San Andreas by a working group of California earthquake experts, using new geologic data and careful analysis of past earthquakes, are reported.

Lindth, A. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA). Office of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Engineering)

1990-02-01

295

Federal Funds Survey, Fields of Science and Enginering Research Historical Tables, Fiscal Years 1970-99  

NSF Publications Database

... Fields of Science and Engineering Research Historical Tables, Fiscal Years 1970-99 Hypertext Format ... and Engineering Research Historical Tables, Fiscal Years 1970-99 Portable Document Format (.pdf ...

296

48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability...and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research...

2009-10-01

297

48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability...and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research...

2010-10-01

298

Undergraduate Research Co-op in Biomedical Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We present our model for expanding a mandatory cooperative education program to include research co-op. We limit the definition of a research co-opto an experiential learning opportunity in academic research laboratory. While we recognize that research experiences can occur in industry, we limit the definition in this way for two reasons. First, any effort to strengthen the nations professorate must begin by exposing undergraduate students to the environment, responsibilities, culture, and demands of the professorate. Second, from an administrative perspective, the process of developing co-op opportunities in academic research labs differs from the process used for industry. We assessed research co-op with respect to traditional industry co-op in terms of administrative overhead and preconceived notions among participants. We also discuss potential pitfalls that face departments seeking to formalize a research co-op program. We demonstrate that research co-ops present several benefits to the students, the engineering program, the university, and to the nation.

Johnson, Jeffrey; Grood, Edward S.; Collet, Jill; Moeller, Linda

2009-07-31

299

Research challenges, opportunities and synergism in systems engineering and computational biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

uring the last three decades, the research area of sys- tems engineering has emerged as a domain of funda- mental importance and major impact within chemical engineering, as well as a cornerstone area in interdisciplinary research initiatives with computer science, operations research, applied mathematics, materials and life sciences. This is attrib- uted to the unique characteristics of systems engineering which

Christodoulos A. Floudas

2005-01-01

300

Earthquakes occurrences estimation through a parametric semi-Markov approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The estimation of earthquakes occurrences prediction in seismic areas is a challenging problem in seismology and earthquake engineering. Indeed, the prevention and the quantification of possible damage provoked by destructive earthquakes are directly linked to this kind of prevision. In our paper, we adopt a parametric semi-Markov approach. This model assumes that a sequence of earthquakes is seen as a

Giovanni Masala

2012-01-01

301

Earthquakes occurrences estimation through a parametric semi-Markov approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The estimation of earthquakes occurrences prediction in seismic areas is a challenging problem in seismology and earthquake engineering. Indeed, the prevention and the quantification of possible damage provoked by destructive earthquakes are directly linked to this kind of prevision. In our paper, we adopt a parametric semi-Markov approach. This model assumes that a sequence of earthquakes is seen as a

Giovanni Masala

2011-01-01

302

Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate engineering (CE), the intentional modification of the climate in order to reduce the effects of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations, is sometimes touted as a potential response to climate change. Increasing interest in the topic has led to proposals for empirical tests of hypothesized CE techniques, which raise serious ethical concerns. We propose three ethical guidelines for CE researchers, derived from the ethics literature on research with human and animal subjects, applicable in the event that CE research progresses beyond computer modeling. The Principle of Respect requires that the scientific community secure the global public's consent, voiced through their governmental representatives, before beginning any empirical research. The Principle of Beneficence and Justice requires that researchers strive for a favorable risk-benefit ratio and a fair distribution of risks and anticipated benefits, all while protecting the basic rights of affected individuals. Finally, the Minimization Principle requires that researchers minimize the extent and intensity of each experiment by ensuring that no experiments last longer, cover a greater geographical extent, or have a greater impact on the climate, ecosystem, or human welfare than is necessary to test the specific hypotheses in question. Field experiments that might affect humans or ecosystems in significant ways should not proceed until a full discussion of the ethics of CE research occurs and appropriate institutions for regulating such experiments are established.

Morrow, David R.; Kopp, Robert E.; Oppenheimer, Michael

2009-10-01

303

Virtual Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive feature shows students how an earthquake epicenter is located and how Richter magnitude is determined. They will use recordings of seismograms from three stations (provided in the activity), learn the difference between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, and that the magnitude of an earthquake is an estimate of the amount of energy that it has released.

Novak, Gary

304

Report of the Research Results with University of Tokyo, Nuclear Engineering Research Laboratory's Facilities in Fiscal 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This book contains a large number of reports of studies made in 1986 through joint utilization of the nuclear reactor 'Yayoi' and electron beam type accelerator which are installed in the Nuclear engineering Research Laboratory, Faculty of Engineering, Un...

1987-01-01

305

Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Volume 25, No. 5, September 2002. Transactions of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Series A. Special Issue: Commemoration of Chi-Chi Earthquake (II).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Deep Electromagnetic Images of Seismogenic Zone of the Chi-Chi (Taiwan) Earthquake; New Techniques for Stress-Forecasting Earthquakes; Aspects of Characteristics of Near-Fault Ground Motions of the 1999 Chi-Chi (Taiwan) Earthquake; Liquefaction ...

2002-01-01

306

Implications of earthquake triggering and rupture propagation for earthquake prediction based on premonitory phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple model of earthquake triggering and rupture propagation, based on concepts of earthquake mechanism commonly accepted, suggests that earthquake prediction (especially prediction of magnitude) might be very difficult, depending on the values of certain stress parameters. The concepts in the model suggest lines of research which may help to judge how successful the earthquake prediction effort might eventually be.

James N. Brune

1979-01-01

307

The collaborative program of research in engineering sciences  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, the Energy Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (NUT) and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) began a collaborative program of energy-related engineering research. This program was extended for another three years starting January 1991. The program continues to pursue three broad goals: to perform quality research on energy-related technologies involved in industrial processes and productivity; to demonstrate the potential of collaborative programs between universities and the national laboratories; and to encourage the transfer of the technology developed to the industrial sector. This annual report describes progress at MIT under the MIT/INEL program during the past year. Highlights of research activities and accomplishments during the past year include the following: Modeling and Control of Droplet Based Thermal Processes: Multivariable Control of GMAW; Metal Transfer Control in Gas-Metal Arc Welding; Fundamentals of Elastic-Plastic Fracture; Three-Dimensional and Mechanistic Modelling Comminution of Energy Materials; Synthesis and Optimization of Integrated Chemical Processes; and Mathematical Modelling of Plasma Systems.

Not Available

1991-09-01

308

Integrating Global Hydrology Into Graduate Engineering Education and Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Worldwide, polluted water affects the health of 1.2 billion people and contributes to the death of 15 million children under five every year. In addition poor environmental quality contributes to 25 per cent of all preventable ill health in the world. To address some of these problems, at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, the world community set the goal of halving, by the year 2015, the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Solving sanitation and water resource management problems in any part of the world presents an interdisciplinary, complex challenge. However, when we attempt to solve these problems in an international context, our technical approaches must be tempered with cultural sensitivity and extraordinary management strategies. To meet this challenge, Michigan Tech has developed a unique global partnership with the U.S. Peace Corps to address our acknowledgement of the importance of placing engineering solutions in a global context. The program has graduated 30 students. Program enrollment is now over 30 and over 20 countries have hosted our students. The objective of this presentation is to demonstrate how this unique partnership can be integrated with graduate engineering education and research and also show how such a program may attract a more diverse student population into engineering. All graduate students enrolled in our Master's International Program in Civil and Environmental Engineering must complete specific coursework requirements before departing for their international experience. In CE5993 (Field Engineering in the Developing World) students learn to apply concepts of sustainable development and appropriate technology in the developing world. In FW5770 (Rural Community Development Planning and Analysis) students learn how one involves a community in the decision making process. A common theme in both courses is the role of woman in successful development projects. Technical specialization allows a student to take coursework in hydrology, water planning and management, and water quality engineering. The 2-3 semester residence on campus is then followed by three months of cultural, language, and technical training with the Peace Corps. After training students complete two years of service in the Peace Corps, typically working as a water/sanitation engineer while also completing a research project related to their Peace Corps experience. Some unique aspects of the Peace Corps experience is that it provides students with cultural awareness, language proficiency, community organizing skills, skills in consensus building and sustainable development, appreciation for technology that is economically and culturally sensitive, and a long-term field experience to develop an indepth overseas research project. Perhaps one of the greatest aspects of the Peace Corps experience is it provides students a basis to consider the social, economic, and environmental limitations of water projects in the developing world. Some examples of research projects that have been integrated into this program are: (a) culturally appropriate watershed planning and management, (b) technical capacity building of water supply systems, and (c) life cycle thinking approach applied to water and sanitation projects.

Griffis, V. W.

2007-12-01

309

Earthquakes in Action: Incorporating Multimedia, Internet Resources, Large-scale Seismic Data, and 3-D Visualizations into Innovative Activities and Research Projects for Today's High School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The most effective means of communicating science to today's "high-tech" students is through the use of visually attractive and animated lessons, hands-on activities, and interactive Internet-based exercises. To address these needs, we have developed Earthquakes in Action, a summer high school enrichment course offered through the California State Summer School for Mathematics and Science (COSMOS) Program at the University of California, San Diego. The summer course consists of classroom lectures, lab experiments, and a final research project designed to foster geophysical innovations, technological inquiries, and effective scientific communication (http://topex.ucsd.edu/cosmos/earthquakes). Course content includes lessons on plate tectonics, seismic wave behavior, seismometer construction, fault characteristics, California seismicity, global seismic hazards, earthquake stress triggering, tsunami generation, and geodetic measurements of the Earth's crust. Students are introduced to these topics through lectures-made-fun using a range of multimedia, including computer animations, videos, and interactive 3-D visualizations. These lessons are further enforced through both hands-on lab experiments and computer-based exercises. Lab experiments included building hand-held seismometers, simulating the frictional behavior of faults using bricks and sandpaper, simulating tsunami generation in a mini-wave pool, and using the Internet to collect global earthquake data on a daily basis and map earthquake locations using a large classroom map. Students also use Internet resources like Google Earth and UNAVCO/EarthScope's Jules Verne Voyager Jr. interactive mapping tool to study Earth Science on a global scale. All computer-based exercises and experiments developed for Earthquakes in Action have been distributed to teachers participating in the 2006 Earthquake Education Workshop, hosted by the Visualization Center at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (http://siovizcenter.ucsd.edu/workshop). In addition to daily lecture and lab exercises, COSMOS students also conduct a mini-research project of their choice that uses data ranging from the 2004 Parkfield Earthquake, to Southern California seismicity, to global seismicity. Students collect seismic data from the Internet and evaluate earthquake locations, magnitudes, temporal sequence of seismic activity, active fault planes, and plate tectonic boundaries using research quality techniques. Students are given the opportunity to build 3-D visualizations of their research data sets and archive these at the SIO Visualization Center's online library, which is globally accessible to students, teachers, researchers, and the general public (http://www.siovizcenter.ucsd.edu/library.php). These student- generated visualizations have become a practical resource for not only students and teachers, but also geophysical researchers that use the visual objects as research tools to better explore and understand their data. Through Earthquakes in Action, we offer both the tools for scientific exploration and the thrills of scientific discovery, providing students with valuable knowledge, novel research experience, and a unique sense of scientific contribution.

Smith-Konter, B.; Jacobs, A.; Lawrence, K.; Kilb, D.

2006-12-01

310

Accessing Current, Recent and Historical Earthquake Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site explains the many Internet tools that are currently available for accessing earthquake data. Students discover that by using these tools one can obtain information (such as location, origin time and magnitude) about the most recent earthquakes; search historical earthquake catalogs for earthquakes in a given region over a selected time period; and view, download or make maps of recent or historical earthquake activity of the world or of a selected region. They also learn that the tools support education and research activities related to earthquakes such as: maintaining a classroom map of significant earthquakes; calculating earthquake magnitude from educational seismograph records and comparing with official magnitude estimates; obtaining historical earthquake data for a specific area to relate a recent event to the background seismicity; and analyzing sequences of earthquake activity. There is a link to information about obtaining and using seismograms.

Braile, Larry

311

Materials Research Science and Engineering Center: Video Lab Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) brings together almost three dozen helpful instructional laboratory videos. The videos are contained in three sections, including Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced. Each video has been recorded in a high-quality digital format and a number of them are available in Spanish as well. Some of the offerings here include "Preparation of Cholesterol Ester Liquid Crystals," "Synthesis of Nickel Nanowires: Beaker," and "Synthesis of a Superconductor." It should be noted that there is an important disclaimer at the bottom of the homepage that is worth reading before attempting any of these activities.

2012-07-01

312

Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering Program - Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering (NEM R&E) Program is dedicated to providing knowledge, technical expertise, and products to US agencies responsible for monitoring nuclear explosions in all environments and is successful in turning scientific breakthroughs into tools for use by operational monitoring agencies. To effectively address the rapidly evolving state of affairs, the NNSA NEM R&E program is structured around three program elements described within this strategic plan: Integration of New Monitoring Assets, Advanced Event Characterization, and Next-Generation Monitoring Systems. How the Program fits into the National effort and historical accomplishments are also addressed.

Casey, Leslie A. [DOE/NNSA

2004-09-01

313

Engaging Students in Space Research: Young Engineers and Scientists 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) is a community partnership between Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), and local high schools in San Antonio, Texas (USA) during the past 16 years. The YES program provides talented high school juniors and seniors a bridge between classroom instruction and real world, research experiences in physical sciences (including space science) and engineering. YES consists of an intensive three-week summer workshop held at SwRI and a collegial mentorship where students complete individual research projects under the guidance of their professional mentors during the academic year. During the summer workshop, students experience the research environment first-hand; develop skills and acquire tools for solving scientific problems, attend mini-courses and seminars on electronics, computers and the Internet, careers, science ethics, and other topics; and select individual research projects to be completed during the academic year. At the end of the school year, students publicly present and display their work, acknowledging their accomplishments and spreading career awareness to other students and teachers. YES has developed a website for topics in space science from the perspective of high school students, including NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission (MMS) (http://yesserver.space.swri.edu). Student evaluations indicate the effectiveness of YES on their academic preparation and choice of college majors. Over the past 16 years, all YES graduates have entered college, several have worked for SwRI, one business has started, and three scientific publications have resulted. Acknowledgements. We acknowledge funding and support from the NASA MMS Mission, Texas Space Grant Consortium, Northside Independent School District, SwRI, and several local charitable foundations.

Boice, D. C.; Asbell, H. E.; Reiff, P. H.

2008-12-01

314

Seismic Waves: How Earthquakes Move the Earth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the types of seismic waves produced by earthquakes and how they move the Earth. The dangers of earthquakes are presented as well as the necessity for engineers to design structures for earthquake-prone areas that are able to withstand the forces of seismic waves. Students learn how engineers build shake tables that simulate the ground motions of the Earth caused by seismic waves in order to test the seismic performance of buildings.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

315

Earthquakes: The Prehistoric Record  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geologic features altered by earthquakes provide striking evidence of the power of seismic events. This video segment explores the research of Dr. Kerry Sieh, a geologist at the California Institute of Technology, who is dating sediment layers broken and offset by earthquakes in the past to determine the rate at which strain is accumulating towards the next event. The segment is three minutes nineteen seconds in length. A background essay and discussion questions are included.

2011-05-13

316

Reusing Scientific Data: How Earthquake Engineering Researchers Assess the Reusability of Colleagues' Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investments in cyberinfrastructure and e-Science initiatives are motivated by the desire to accelerate scientific discovery.\\u000a Always viewed as a foundation of science, data sharing is appropriately seen as critical to the success of such initiatives,\\u000a but new technologies supporting increasingly data-intensive and collaborative science raise significant challenges and opportunities.\\u000a Overcoming the technical and social challenges to broader data sharing is

Ixchel M. Faniel; Trond E. Jacobsen

2010-01-01

317

Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research: scientific and cultural exchange in undergraduate engineering.  

PubMed

A model for an international undergraduate biomedical engineering research exchange program is outlined. In 2008, the Johns Hopkins University in collaboration with Tsinghua University in Beijing, China established the Tsinghua-Johns Hopkins Joint Center for Biomedical Engineering Research. Undergraduate biomedical engineering students from both universities are offered the opportunity to participate in research at the overseas institution. Programs such as these will not only provide research experiences for undergraduates but valuable cultural exchange and enrichment as well. Currently, strict course scheduling and rigorous curricula in most biomedical engineering programs may present obstacles for students to partake in study abroad opportunities. Universities are encouraged to harbor abroad opportunities for undergraduate engineering students, for which this particular program can serve as a model. PMID:22255123

Wisneski, Andrew D; Huang, Lixia; Hong, Bo; Wang, Xiaoqin

2011-01-01

318

The Barrett Foundation: Undergraduate Research Program for Environmental Engineers and Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new program sponsored by The Barrett Foundation in the University of Vermont College of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences (UVM) supports undergraduate students in Environmental Engineering, Earth and Environmental Sciences to pursue independent summer research projects. The Barrett Foundation, a non-profit organization started by a UVM Engineering alum, provided a grant to support undergraduate research. Students must work with at

D. M. Rizzo; M. Paul; C. Farmer; P. Larson; J. Matt; K. Sentoff; I. Vazquez-Spickers; A. R. Pearce

2007-01-01

319

Research of the influence of combustion chamber structure on performance of dual fuel engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research that the influence of combustion chamber's construction parameter on performance of diesel-natural gas dual fuel engine has been done, which is based on a dual fuel engine of diesel-natural gas. The heat release rate of dual fuel engine is calculated and analyzed via the indicated work diagrams of three kinds of different combustion chamber's structural parameter. The research

Du Qian; Ma Fengxian

2011-01-01

320

A New Direction for Engineering Education Research: Unique Phenomenographic Results that Impact Big Picture Understandings  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the pace of engineering keeps increasing, new innovations foci in engineering education research are needed. This paper presents one such innovation, away from looking at the skills engineers are to develop to focus on their embodied understanding of practice around aspects of professional practice. It does so through the use of a qualitative research approach known as phenomenography. The

Shanna Daly; Llewellyn Mann; Robin Adams

321

Management of multi-method engineering design research: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need for a research management methodology that will utilise research methods on an individual basis and when combined in a multi-method approach. An agreed methodology would enable rapid progress in achieving agreement on the main issues within engineering design research. Researchers at the University of Glasgow have developed a conceptual management methodology, testing it on three engineering

Graham Green; Paul Kennedy; Alistair McGown

2002-01-01

322

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Communication, Education and Outreach Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SCEC Communication, Education, and Outreach Program (CEO) offers student research experiences, web-based education tools, classroom curricula, museum displays, public information brochures, online newsletters, and technical workshops and publications. This year, much progress has been made on the development of the Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes (E3), a collaborative project with CUREE and IRIS. The E3 development system is now fully operational, and 165 entries are in the pipeline. When complete, information and resources for over 500 Earth science and engineering topics will be included, with connections to curricular materials useful for teaching Earth Science, engineering, physics and mathematics. To coordinate activities for the 10-year anniversary of the Northridge Earthquake in 2004 (and beyond), the "Earthquake Country Alliance" is being organized by SCEC CEO to present common messages, to share or promote existing resources, and to develop new activities and products jointly (such as a new version of Putting Down Roots in Earthquake Country). The group includes earthquake science and engineering researchers and practicing professionals, preparedness experts, response and recovery officials, news media representatives, and education specialists. A web portal, http://www.earthquakecountry.info, is being developed established with links to web pages and descriptions of other resources and services that the Alliance members provide. Another ongoing strength of SCEC is the Summer Intern program, which now has a year-round counterpart with students working on IT projects at USC. Since Fall 2002, over 32 students have participated in the program, including 7 students working with scientists throughout SCEC, 17 students involved in the USC "Earthquake Information Technology" intern program, and 7 students involved in CEO projects. These and other activities of the SCEC CEO program will be presented, along with lessons learned during program design and implementation.

Benthien, M. L.

2003-12-01

323

Young Engineers & Scientists (YES) - Engaging Teachers in Space Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) Program is a community partnership between Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and local high schools in San Antonio. It provides talented high school juniors and seniors a bridge between classroom instruction and real world, research experiences in physical sciences, information sciences, and engineering. YES consists of two parts: 1) An intensive three-week summer workshop held at SwRI where students experience the research environment first-hand; develop skills and acquire tools for solving scientific problems, attend mini-courses and seminars on electronics, C++ programming, the Internet, careers, science ethics, social impact of technology, and other topics; and select their individual research project with their mentor (SwRI staff member) to be completed during the academic year; and 2) A collegial mentorship where students complete individual research projects under the guidance of their mentors and teachers during the academic year and earn honors credit. At the end of the school year, students publicly present and display their work, acknowledging their accomplishments and spreading career awareness to other students and teachers. YES has been highly successful during the past nineteen (19) years. A total of 258 students have completed or are currently enrolled in YES. Of these students, 38% are females and 57% are ethnic minorities, reflecting the local diversity of the San Antonio area. All YES graduates have entered college, several work or have worked for SwRI, two businesses have formed, and three scientific publications have resulted. Sixteen (16) teacher participants have attended the YES workshop and have developed classroom materials based on their experiences in research at SwRI in the past three (3) years. In recognition of its excellence, YES received the Celebrate Success in 1996 and the Outstanding Campus Partner-of-the-Year Award in 2005, both from Northside Independent School District (San Antonio, Texas). Acknowledgments: We are grateful for support from the NASA MMS Mission E/PO Grant, SwRI, Northside Independent School District, and local charitable foundations.

Boice, D. C.; Reiff, P. H.

2011-12-01

324

NEES Multidirectional Wave Basin for Tsunami Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oregon State is upgrading its multidirectional wave basin under the National Science Foundation Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) program to create a next-generation experimental testing facility for research and practicing engineers. The new facility addresses the unique requirements posed by tsunami researchers, with basin dimensions and wave generation capabilities closely matching the community's vision of the \\

Solomon C. Yim; Harry H. Yeh; Daniel T. Cox; Cherri M. Pancake

2003-01-01

325

CEDA: A Research Instrument for Creative Engineering Design Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology and engineering faculty developed a new assessment tool to measure creativity in engineering design (Creative Engineering Design Assessment or CEDA). Fifty-eight engineering students (52 men and 6 women) and 59 psychology students (27 men and 32 women) completed the CEDA as well as other general creativity measures (creative personality, creativity temperament, and cognitive risk tolerance). Interrater reliability for the

Christine Charyton; Richard J. Jagacinski; John A. Merrill

2008-01-01

326

Biomedical engineering: A platform for research and innovation in ultrasound  

Microsoft Academic Search

An undergraduate or graduate degree in biomedical engineering prepares students to solve problems at the interface between engineering and medicine. Biomedical engineering encompasses evolving areas such as advanced medical imaging for diagnosis and treatment of disease, tissue engineering for designing and manufacturing biological implants for damaged or diseased tissues and organs, and bioinformatics for determining which genes play a major

Christy K. Holland

2001-01-01

327

Patenting and spin-off creation by Canadian researchers in engineering and life sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the determinants of patenting and spin-off creation using survey data of 479 researchers in engineering\\u000a and 449 researchers in life sciences funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). The\\u000a results show that research novelty and laboratory size are the only two variables significantly explaining patenting and spin-off\\u000a formation in both engineering and

Rjean Landry; Nabil Amara; Malek Sahi

2007-01-01

328

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Defense Research and Engineering Assistant Secretary...defense and aerospace technology to the solution...major emphasis of the Technology Transfer Consortium...adaptation of existing technology, either directly...subjected to adaptive engineering. b. The...

2010-07-01

329

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Defense Research and Engineering Assistant Secretary...defense and aerospace technology to the solution...major emphasis of the Technology Transfer Consortium...adaptation of existing technology, either directly...subjected to adaptive engineering. b. The...

2009-07-01

330

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housed at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center reports and provides information on seismic activity in Alaska. While its southern Pacific coast colleague, California, gets a lot more attention when it comes to earthquakes, Alaska experienced a magnitude 6.7 earthquake already this summer and was rocked by a 7.9 in 2002. The site offers links to general information about the center, general earthquake information, research activities at the center, education and outreach materials (including information on seismology education projects), and much more. The site is well populated with materials and should provide a great resources for those interested in North American seismic events.

331

Nonlinear processes in earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Three-dimensional, elastic-wave-propagation calculations were performed to define the effects of near-source geologic structure on the degree to which seismic signals produced by earthquakes resemble {open_quotes}non-double-couple{close_quotes} sources. Signals from sources embedded in a subducting slab showed significant phase and amplitude differences compared with a {open_quotes}no-slab{close_quotes} case. Modifications to the LANL elastic-wave propagation code enabled improved simulations of path effects on earthquake and explosion signals. These simulations demonstrate that near-source, shallow, low-velocity basins can introduce earthquake-like features into explosion signatures through conversion of compressive (P-wave) energy to shear (S- and R-wave) modes. Earthquake sources simulated to date do not show significant modifications.

Jones, E.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Frohlich, C. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Institute of Geophysics

1998-12-31

332

Signal processing and spectral analysis of the aftershocks of the 1980 El Asnam, Algeria earthquake-engineering application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismic recording stations were set up in the El Asnam region of Algeria by the Department of Nuclear Safety of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA/IPSN) after the severe October 10, 1980 earthquake, to study the aftershocks of this important event. Three of these stations, equipped with SMA-1 instruments, were intended to record strong ground motion and were accordingly installed near the trace of the fault responsible for the main shock. Three other more sensitive stations were placed in such a way as to make up a small network enclosing the central portion of this fault. Over 400 events were thus recorded during October and November 1980, of which certain events presented accelerations of nearly 0.2g. The SMA-1 recordings were used as a basis for comparing different methods of correcting time histories, demonstrating the influence of the digitization rate, especially upon the high-frequency elements of the ground acceleration and that of the type of low-frequency filtering upon the integrated velocity and displacement time histories. The most significant recordings from both types of station were processed and their response spectra computed. From recordings of the same earthquake obtained on a massive concrete slab and in the free field, a marked filtering effect in the high-frequency range is to be observed.

Mohammadioun, G.; Goula, X.; Ferrieux, H.

1985-04-01

333

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Perry, Mr.

2008-11-18

334

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Science, Vvs E.

2008-12-03

335

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Kio, Mr.

2008-12-06

336

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity has students gather and plot records of earthquakes. It is designed to be either long or short term, depending on the needs of the instructor. Students will gain practice working with map coordinates while becoming familiar with the frequency of earthquake occurrences, the location and magnitude of earthquakes, and the locations of plate boundaries. In addition, this exercise will illustrate the importance of measurements, data storage, analysis and worldwide scientific collaboration.

Rauch, Arden

337

Machining of beryllium with the LLNL Precision Engineering Research Lathe  

SciTech Connect

In August 1984, six flat samples of beryllium, which were prepared by Brush-Wellmen Corp. using various pressing and sintering processes, were machined at LLNL on the recently completed Precision Engineering Research Lathe (PERL). The purpose of this study, which was conducted in cooperation with the Hughes Aircraft Corporation and partially funded by that organization, was to determine the optical properties of machined beryllium surfaces when prepared under highly controlled conditions using high quality machine tools and CBN (cubic boron nitrite) cutting tools. This report will summarize the materials properties, the machining conditions used on the PERL and a comparison of the completed samples using optical measuring techniques and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mirror surface reflecting measurements in the IR region are to be made by the group at Hughes Aircraft and will be exchanged with LLNL as a part of this joint technical effort. 3 refs., 14 figs.

Foley, R.J.

1985-04-01

338

Hidden earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

Seismologists generally look for earthquakes to happen along visible fault lines, e.g., the San Andreas fault. The authors maintain that another source of dangerous quakes has been overlooked: the release of stress along a fault that is hidden under a fold in the earth's crust. The paper describes the differences between an earthquake which occurs on a visible fault and one which occurs under an anticline and warns that Los Angeles greatest earthquake threat may come from a small quake originating under downtown Los Angeles, rather than a larger earthquake which occurs 50 miles away at the San Andreas fault.

Stein, R.S.; Yeats, R.S.

1989-06-01

339

Izmit Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab allows students to look at variety of data from the North Anatolian fault in Turkey. Specifically, students have the oportunity to: interpret seismograms from the Izmit earthquake in 1999 (while accessing some seismograph station information from IRIS) make and interpret an earthquake focal mechanism solution based on these seismograms locate the earthquake epicenter calculate the moment magnitude of the earthquake using published data showing epicenter locations and displacement measurements intepret historical data from the North Anatolian fault and tectonic-scale plate motion information to see what patterns occur in the regional seismicity.

Titus, Sarah

340

Assessing and Managing Earthquake Risk: Geo-scientific and Engineering Knowledge for Earthquake Risk Mitigation: developments, tools, techniques. Edited by Carlos Sousa Oliveira, Antoni Roca, and Xavier Goula. Berlin: Springer, 2006.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book points out the need of a multidisciplinary approach in the field of risk assessment and management. It provides an overview of the problems, approaches and common practices directly related to earthquake risk mitigation and, in particular, to the preparation of earthquake emergency plans.

Sousa Oliveira, Carlos; Roca, Antoni; Goula, Xavier

341

The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council: Policies, procedures, and criteria for awarding research grants in experimental psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the Grants Selection Committee of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, discusses research areas that are eligible for support, and reviews procedures for evaluating grant proposals and allocating funds. (French abstract)

Vincent M. LoLordo

1981-01-01

342

Report of the Research Results with University of Tokyo, Nuclear Engineering Research Laboratory's Facilities in Fiscal 1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In Nuclear Engineering Research Laboratory, due to increasing usage of fast neutron source reactor 'Yayoi' as the major joint-use facility, works are performed in 'pillars' for research effectiveness. In fiscal 1976, two additional facilities, linac and n...

1977-01-01

343

Global Earthquake Casualties due to Secondary Effects: A Quantitative Analysis for Improving PAGER Losses  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This study presents a quantitative and geospatial description of global losses due to earthquake-induced secondary effects, including landslide, liquefaction, tsunami, and ?re for events during the past 40 years. These processes are of great importance to the US Geological Surveys (USGS) Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system, which is currently being developed to deliver rapid earthquake impact and loss assessments following large/signi?cant global earthquakes. An important question is how dominant are losses due to secondary effects (and under what conditions, and in which regions)? Thus, which of these effects should receive higher priority research efforts in order to enhance PAGERs overall assessment of earthquakes losses and alerting for the likelihood of secondary impacts? We ?nd that while 21.5% of fatal earthquakes have deaths due to secondary (non-shaking) causes, only rarely are secondary effects the main cause of fatalities. The recent 2004 Great SumatraAndaman Islands earthquake is a notable exception, with extraordinary losses due to tsunami. The potential for secondary hazards varies greatly, and systematically, due to regional geologic and geomorphic conditions. Based on our ?ndings, we have built country-speci?c disclaimers for PAGER that address potential for each hazard (Earle et al., Proceedings of the 14th World Conference of the Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, 2008). We will now focus on ways to model casualties from secondary effects based on their relative importance as well as their general predictability.

David J Wald

2010-01-01

344

Global earthquake casualties due to secondary effects: A quantitative analysis for improving rapid loss analyses  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This study presents a quantitative and geospatial description of global losses due to earthquake-induced secondary effects, including landslide, liquefaction, tsunami, and fire for events during the past 40 years. These processes are of great importance to the US Geological Survey's (USGS) Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system, which is currently being developed to deliver rapid earthquake impact and loss assessments following large/significant global earthquakes. An important question is how dominant are losses due to secondary effects (and under what conditions, and in which regions)? Thus, which of these effects should receive higher priority research efforts in order to enhance PAGER's overall assessment of earthquakes losses and alerting for the likelihood of secondary impacts? We find that while 21.5% of fatal earthquakes have deaths due to secondary (non-shaking) causes, only rarely are secondary effects the main cause of fatalities. The recent 2004 Great Sumatra-Andaman Islands earthquake is a notable exception, with extraordinary losses due to tsunami. The potential for secondary hazards varies greatly, and systematically, due to regional geologic and geomorphic conditions. Based on our findings, we have built country-specific disclaimers for PAGER that address potential for each hazard (Earle et al., Proceedings of the 14th World Conference of the Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, 2008). We will now focus on ways to model casualties from secondary effects based on their relative importance as well as their general predictability. ?? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

Marano, K. D.; Wald, D. J.; Allen, T. I.

2010-01-01

345

Discussion of the design of satellite-laser measurement stations in the eastern Mediterranean under the geological aspect. Contribution to the earthquake prediction research by the Wegener Group and to NASA's Crustal Dynamics Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research conducted for determining the location of stations for measuring crustal dynamics and predicting earthquakes is discussed. Procedural aspects, the extraregional kinematic tendencies, and regional tectonic deformation mechanisms are described.

Paluska, A.; Pavoni, N.

1983-11-01

346

AIR POLLUTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH AT THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

EPA Science Inventory

The article discusses air pollution engineering research at the U. S. EPA, and particularly AEERL's role in that research which, in some areas, predates the Agency's. EPA's engineering research programs are shifting from an initial focus on sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide pollu...

347

Engineers and engineering in the US and Japan: a critical review of the literature and suggestions for a new research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have identified a number of interesting differences between engineers and the practice of engineering in Japan and the US (and, to a lesser extent, other countries). They have found that: Japan graduates more engineers per capita than the US; Japanese engineers seem to stay in the practice of engineering longer than their US counterparts; Japanese firms perform more of

Leonard H. Lynn

2002-01-01

348

Do earthquakes generate EM signals?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years there has been significant interest in the seismoelectric effect which is the conversion of acoustic energy into electromagnetic energy. At the onset of the earthquake and at layer interfaces, it is postulated that the seismoelectric signal propagates at the speed of light and thus travels much faster than the acoustic wave. The focus has mainly been to use this method as a tool of predicting earthquakes. Our main objective is to study the possibility of using the seismoelectric effect to determine the origin time of an earthquake, establish an accurate velocity model and accurately locate microearthquakes. Another aspect of this research is to evaluate the possibility of detecting porous zones where seismic activity is postulated to generate fluid movement through porous medium. The displacement of pore fluid relative to the porous medium solid grains generates electromagnetic signals. The Institute of Earth Science and Engineering (IESE) has installed electromagnetic coils in 3 different areas to investigate the seismoelectric effect. Two of the research areas (Krafla in Iceland and Wairakei in New Zealand) are in active geothermal fields where high microearthquake activity has been recorded. The other area of research is at the site of the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) at Parkfield area on the active San Andreas Fault which is associated with repeating earthquakes. In the Wairakei and Parkfield cases a single borehole electromagnetic coil close to borehole seismometers has been used whereas in the Krafla study area, 3 borehole electromagnetic coils coupled to borehole seismometers have been used. The technical difficulties of working in the borehole environment mean that some of these deployments had a short life span. Nevertheless in all cases data was gathered and is being analysed. At the SAFOD site, the electromagnetic coil recorded seismoelectric signals very close to a magnitude 2 earthquake. In the Wairakei and Krafla study areas, large swarms of earthquakes were located very close to the electromagnetic coils. This abstract focuses on the data from the Wairakei area. Preliminary data analysis has been carried out by band pass filtering and removing of the harmonics of the 50 Hz power line frequency. The initial results clearly show that electromagnetic signals accompany the seismic P and S waves (coseismic signal). Further data analysis involves the extraction of the seismoelectric signal generated at the onset of the earthquake and at interfaces from the coseismic signal and other noise' sources. This processing step exhibits a major challenge in seismoelectric data processing. Unlike in other studies we measured the EM field and the seismic field at one location. Therefore the seismoelectric wave travelling at the speed of light cannot be determined as easily in the arrival times as when an array of coils is used. This makes the determination of the origin time much more difficult. Hence other processing techniques need to be explored.

Walter, Christina; Onacha, Stephen; Malin, Peter; Shalev, Eylon; Lucas, Alan

2010-05-01

349

Generalization and Theory-Building in Software Engineering Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this paper is to generate discussions which may improve how we conduct empirical software engineering studies. Our position is that statistical hypothesis testing plays a too large role in empirical software engineering studies. The problems of applying statistical hypothesis testing in empirical software engineering studies is illustrated by the finding: Only 3 out of the 47

Magne Jrgensen; Dag Sjberg

2004-01-01

350

Research on Agriculture Domain Meta-Search Engine System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid growth of agriculture web information brings a fact that search engine can not return a satisfied result for users' queries. In this paper, we propose an agriculture domain search engine system, called ADSE, that can obtains results by an advance interface to several searches and aggregates them. We also discuss two key technologies: agriculture information determination and engine.

Xie, Nengfu; Wang, Wensheng

351

Research on Agriculture Domain Meta-Search Engine System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid growth of agriculture web information brings a fact that search engine can not return a satisfied result for users queries. In this paper, we propose an agriculture domain search engine system, called ADSE, that can obtains results by an advance interface to several searches and aggregates them. We also discuss two key technologies: agriculture information determination and engine.

Xie, Nengfu; Wang, Wensheng

352

Biomedical engineering education and related research activity in Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomedical engineering is a relatively new interdisciplinary science. This paper presents the biomedical engineering activity, which is carried out at Budapest University of Technology and Economics and its partner institutes. In the first part the main goals and the curriculum of the biomedical engineering education program (BMEEP) is presented. The second part of the paper summarizes the most important biomedical

Z. Benyo; B. Benyo; P. Varady; L. Szilagyi; L. Kovacs; P. Somogyi

2003-01-01

353

Biomedical engineering education and research activity in Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomedical Engineering is a relatively new interdisciplinary science. This paper presents the biomedical engineering activity, which is carried out at Budapest University of Technology and Economics and its partner institutes. In the first part the main goals and the curriculum of the Biomedical Engineering Education Program (BMEEP) is presented. The second part of the paper summarizes the most important biomedical

Zoltn Beny; L. Szildgyi; B. Benyo; P. Viirady; Bla Palncz; A. Szldvecz; S. Bongar; G. Fordos

2002-01-01

354

Plotting Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners discover how to plot earthquakes on a map by exploring recent earthquake activity in California and Nevada. Within this activity, learners also practice using latitudinal and longitudinal lines and make predictions. This detailed lesson plan includes key vocabulary words, background information for educators, extension ideas, and resources.

Sciences, California A.

2012-06-26

355

Teachers Using Continuous GPS Data to Learn About Earthquakes - Sharing Research Results in the Classroom Through Lesson Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This EarthScope-funded project is a collaboration between high school science teachers and their students, undergraduate and graduate students, and faculty from California State University San Bernardino (CSUSB), University of Arizona, and the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC). As high school teachers and their students work alongside one another, they are exposed to and contribute to an authentic research process that will lead to publishable results. The scientific goal of this project is to measure plate tectonic movement within the San Bernardino mountain area and the Inland Empire region of Southern California utilizing the Global Positioning System (GPS). Teachers and high school students collected survey-mode GPS data from 11 sites (among a total of 25 sampled by the larger group of participants) during a 5-day campaign from July 14 -19, 2011. The information obtained will be useful for understanding and characterizing seismic hazards in that region of Southern California. To enhance this experience, all of the teachers and their students have been invited to present their results at the SCEC Annual Meeting in September 2011. As part of the classroom implementation phase of the program the teachers are introduced to the Lesson Study approach. Lesson Study is a professional development process where teachers systematically examine their practice with the goal of becoming more effective. This process centers on teachers working collaboratively on a small number of Research Lessons. First, they identify the areas where their students are encountering challenges in learning standards-based content. The challenging areas are identified through results from standardized exams (e.g. California Standards Tests) or other assessment tools. To address areas of difficulty the teachers develop, test, and improve an instructional experience that promotes student learning of that standards-based material. Lesson Study is different from "lesson planning" because it focuses on what teachers want students to learn rather than on what teachers plan to teach. The 2011 teachers divided into three groups and each group is developing a Research Lesson. One of each of the group members teaches the lesson while the others observe the student learning. After the Research Lesson is taught the entire group comes together to debrief the lesson, make revisions, and another member of the group re-teaches the lesson (at a later date and at a different school) to incorporate what has been learned. This presentation will discuss how the CSUSB project has developed a successful framework for providing teachers with a valuable research experience as well as allowing an opportunity for them to think systematically about their craft, learn from experience, and become members of a learning community of practice.

de Groot, R. M.; McGill, S. F.

2011-12-01

356

USEMS & GLASS: investigator-driven frontier research in earthquake physics. Ground-breaking research in Europe enhances outreach to the general public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

USEMS and GLASS are two projects financed by the European Research Council (ERC) as part of the ERC starting grants scheme within the FP7 framework. The rationale behind the funding scheme is to support some of the most promising scientific endeavours in Europe that are being led by young researchers, and to emphasize the excellence of individual ideas rather than specific research areas; in other words, to promote bottom-up frontier research. The general benefits of this rationale are evident in the two ongoing projects that deal with earthquake physics, as these projects are increasingly recognized in their scientific community. We can say that putting excellence at the heart of European Research strongly contributes to the construction of a European knowledge-based society. From a researcher point-of-view one of the most challenging aspects of these projects is to approach and convey the results of the projects to a general public, contributing to the construction of knowledge-based society. Luckily, media interest and the availability of a number of new communication tools facilitate the outreach of scientific achievements. The largest earthquakes during the last ten years (e.g. Sumatra 2004 and Japan 2011) have received widespread attention in the media world (TV, W.W.W., Newspaper and so on) for months, and successful research projects such as those above also become media protagonists, gaining their space in the media bullring. The USEMS principal investigator and his team have participated in several dissemination events in the Mass Media, such as interviews wit Italian and French TV national broadcasts (RAI Due TG2, RAI Uno Unomattina, Rai Tre Geo & Geo, FRANCE 2); interviews in scientific journals: SCIENCE (Sept. 2010), newspapers and web (Corriere della Sera, Il Gazzettino, Il Messagero, La Stampa, Libero, Il Mattino, Yahoo, ANSA, AdnKronos and AGI); radio (RadioRai Uno, RadioRai Tre Scienza); documentary "Die Eroberung der Alpen" produced by Tangram Film (Munchen, Germany). The USEMS project started in June 2008, and the GLASS project in October 2010. For both projects we developed a number of web pages through the official web site of the host institution, the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) in Rome. In these pages we describe the projects, publish pictures and short-movies of the experimental activities and keep the project results up to date. In addition the research teams collaborate within various INGV outreach schemes (school and student visits in the laboratory, writing short news reports for the INGV press office, and interviews with journalists) as well as using WWW channels (Facebook, Youtube) to make the project results available to the general public. Finally, it is notable that the ERC funding agency itself is fully involved in the outreach activities using its own communication channels and its highly skilled resources which promote through brochures, web pages, publications and documentaries the best projects. We are going to improve our effort in this direction up to the end of the projects.

Mariano, S.; di Toro, G.; Collettini, C.; Usems Team; Glass Team

2011-12-01

357

A Module to Foster Engineering Creativity: An Interpolative Design Problem and an Extrapolative Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a teaching module designed to enhance engineering creativity in an introductory chemical engineering course. The module includes an exercise to design column packing material, and an open-ended research project to describe the societal impact of chemical engineering. These assignments were created to illustrate the benefit

Forbes, Neil S.

2008-01-01

358

Same Courses, Different Outcomes? Variations in Confidence, Experience, and Preparation in Engineering Design. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is evidence in the literature that women have lower confidence in their skills and knowledge than men, particularly in areas considered crucial for engineering, like math and science. This difference has been linked to gender gaps in engineering enrollment and persistence. This study of engineering students extends research on gender

Morozov, Andrew; Kilgore, Deborah; Yasuhara, Ken; Atman, Cindy

2008-01-01

359

Research and Innovation of Engineering Education in Europe the contribution of SEFI  

Microsoft Academic Search

The roots of engineering education lie in the workplace. It was not until the 19th century that higher engineering education moved to a more scholarly environment. True to its origins, research in the applied sciences never aimed at pure understanding alone. The goal of engineering investigations has always been to devise solutions to practice problems with a mixture of design,

Erik De Graaff; Claudio Borri

2006-01-01

360

PERSPECTIVE: Translational neural engineering: multiple perspectives on bringing benchtop research into the clinical domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A half-day forum to address a wide range of issues related to translational neural engineering was conducted at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Successful practitioners of translational neural engineering from academics, clinical medicine and industry were invited to share a diversity of perspectives and experiences on the translational process. The forum was targeted towards traditional academic researchers

Patrick Rousche; David M. Schneeweis; Eric J. Perreault; Winnie Jensen

2008-01-01

361

Translational neural engineering: multiple perspectives on bringing benchtop research into the clinical domain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A half-day forum to address a wide range of issues related to translational neural engineering was conducted at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Successful practitioners of translational neural engineering from academics, clinical medicine and industry were invited to share a diversity of perspectives and experiences on the translational process. The forum was targeted towards traditional academic researchers

Patrick Rousche; David M Schneeweis; Eric J Perreault; Winnie Jensen

2008-01-01

362

Earthquake Risk Mitigation in the Tokyo Metropolitan area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seismic disaster risk mitigation in urban areas constitutes a challenge through collaboration of scientific, engineering, and social-science fields. Examples of collaborative efforts include research on detailed plate structure with identification of all significant faults, developing dense seismic networks; strong ground motion prediction, which uses information on near-surface seismic site effects and fault models; earthquake resistant and proof structures; and cross-discipline

N. Hirata; S. Sakai; K. Kasahara; S. Nakagawa; K. Nanjo; Y. Panayotopoulos; H. Tsuruoka

2010-01-01

363

Earthquake Effects and Experiences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portion of the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) frequently-asked-questions feature on earthquakes addresses what individuals might actually experience during an earthquake. Topics include earthquake motion (rolling or shaking), earthquake effects (ground shaking, surface faulting, ground failure, etc.), earthquake magnitude, what an earthquake feels like, and others. There are also links to additional resources on earthquake effects and experiences.

364

Earthquake Effects and Experiences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portion of the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) frequently-asked-questions feature on earthquakes addresses what individuals might actually experience during an earthquake. Topics include earthquake motion (rolling or shaking), earthquake effects (ground shaking, surface faulting, ground failure, etc.), earthquake magnitude, what an earthquake feels like, and others. There are also links to additional resources on earthquake effects and experiences.

2010-11-23

365

Multi-disciplinary earthquake researches in Western Turkey: Hints to select sites to study geochemical transients associated to seismicity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Warm and hot spring water as well as soil gas radon release patterns have been monitored in the Aegean Extensional Province of Western Turkey, alongside regional seismic events, providing a multi-disciplinary approach. In the study period of 20 months, seven moderate earthquakes with M L between 4.0 and 4.7 occurred in this seismically very active region; two earthquakes with magnitude 5.0 also occurred near the study area. Seismic monitoring showed no foreshock activity. By contrast, hydro-geochemical anomalies were found prior to these seismic events, each lasting for weeks. The anomalies occurred foremost in conjunction with dip-slip events and seem to support the dilatancy and water diffusion hypothesis. Increased soil gas radon release was recorded before earthquakes associated with strike-slip faults, but no soil radon anomalies were seen before earthquakes associated with dip-slip faults. Geochemical anomalies were also noticeably absent at some springs throughout the postulated deformation zones of impending earthquakes. The reason for this discrepancy might be due to stress/strain anisotropies.

Inan, Sedat; Ertekin, Kadriye; Seyis, Cemil; ?im?ek, ?akir; Kulak, Furkan; Dikba?, Aynur; Tan, Onur; Ergintav, Semih; akmak, Rah?an; Yrk, Ahmet; ergel, Muhiddin; Yakan, Hakan; Karaku?, Hseyin; Saatilar, Ruhi; Aki?, Zafer; Iravul, Y?ld?z; Tzel, Bekir

2010-10-01

366

Geology in the news: Incorporating research on the Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake into an intermediate-level undergraduate Neotectonics course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake of March 11, 2011 - with its combination of a very large earthquake, subsequent tsunami and damage to nuclear power plants - was a disaster of historically unprecedented proportions that dominated news reports and captured the attention of the world. It also provided an opportunity to engage students in the classroom via active research into an on-going major seismic event. As part of an intermediate-level undergraduate course in Neotectonics, six students participated in a 4-week research project to assess the Tohoku-Oki earthquake and its aftereffects, and make general predictions for similar events on the active margin of the western United States. In a series of guided inquiries, student teams addressed questions of: [1] Regional setting (e.g., tectonic plates, convergence velocities and directions, and distribution of population, nuclear plants and topography); [2] Historic and present-day seismicity (e.g., earthquake recurrence, and aftershock adherence to predicted Bath, Omori, and Gutenberg-Richter relationships); and [3] Application to the western United States (Cascadia or Southern California). With each subsequent question set student independence increased, moving from initial steps of the tectonic setting and historical seismicity of Japan, to the important components on which teams could focus their efforts for the Cascadia or Southern California regions. I will present results from this teaching experiment and examples of the student projects, including the students' preparation for this assignment. Discussion and suggestions (particularly about effective means of conducting rigorous long-term assessment of student learning) are strongly encouraged.

Reinen, L. A.

2011-12-01

367

Biomedical Engineering Bionanosystems Research at Louisiana Tech University  

SciTech Connect

The nature of this project is to equip and support research in nanoengineered systems for biomedical, bioenvironmental, and bioenergy applications. Funds provided by the Department of Energy (DoE) under this Congressional Directive were used to support two ongoing research projects at Louisiana Tech University in biomedical, bioenvironmental, and bioenergy applications. Two major projects (Enzyme Immobilization for Large Scale Reactors to Reduce Cellulosic Ethanol Costs, and Nanocatalysts for Coal and Biomass Conversion to Diesel Fuel) and to fund three to five additional seed projects were funded using the project budget. The project funds also allowed the purchase and repair of sophisticated research equipment that will support continued research in these areas for many years to come. Project funds also supported faculty, graduate students, and undergraduate students, contributing to the development of a technically sophisticated work force in the region and the State. Descriptions of the technical accomplishments for each funded project are provided. Biofuels are an important part of the solution for sustainable transportation fuel and energy production for the future. Unfortunately, the country's appetite for fuel cannot be satisfied with traditional sugar crops such as sugar cane or corn. Emerging technologies are allowing cellulosic biomass (wood, grass, stalks, etc.) to also be converted into ethanol. Cellulosic ethanol does not compete with food production and it has the potential to decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 86% versus current fossil fuels (current techniques for corn ethanol only reduce greenhouse gases by 19%). Because of these advantages, the federal government has made cellulosic ethanol a high priority. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) requires a minimum production of at least 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol by 2022. Indeed, the Obama administration has signaled an ambitious commitment of achieving 2 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol by 2013. Louisiana is well positioned to become a national contributor in cellulosic ethanol, with an excellent growing season, a strong pulp/paper industry, and one of the nation's first cellulosic ethanol demonstration plants. Dr. Palmer in Chemical Engineering at Louisiana Tech University is collaborating with Drs. Lvov and Snow in Chemistry and Dr. Hegab in Mechanical Engineering to capitalize on these advantages by applying nanotechnology to improve the cellulosic ethanol processes. In many of these processes, expensive enzymes are used to convert the cellulose to sugars. The nanotechnology processes developed at Louisiana Tech University can immobilize these enzymes and therefore significantly reduce the overall costs of the process. Estimates of savings range from approximately $32 million at each cellulosic ethanol plant, to $7.5 billion total if the 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol is achieved. This process has the advantage of being easy to apply in a large-scale commercial environment and can immobilize a wide variety or mixture of enzymes for production. Two primary objectives with any immobilization technique are to demonstrate reusability and catalytic activity (both reuse of the immobilized enzyme and reuse of the polymer substrate). The scale-up of the layering-by-layering process has been a focus this past year as some interesting challenges in the surface chemistry have become evident. Catalytic activity of cellulase is highly dependent upon how the feed material is pretreated to enhance digestion. Therefore, efforts this year have been performed this year to characterize our process on a few of the more prevalent pretreatment methods.

Palmer, James; Lvov, Yuri; Hegab, Hisham; Snow, Dale; Wilson, Chester; McDonald, John; Walker, Lynn; Pratt, Jon; Davis, Despina; Agarwal, Mangilal; DeCoster, Mark; Feng, June; Que, Long; O'Neal, Chad; Guilbeau, Eric; Zivanovic, Sandra; Dobbins, Tabbetha; Gold, Scott; Mainardi, Daniela; Gowda, Shathabish; Napper, Stan

2010-03-25

368

Does knowledge signify protection? The SEISMOPOLIS centre for improvement of behavior in case of an earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is vastly accepted that earthquake education is the way to earthquake protection. Nonetheless experience demonstrates that knowing what to do does not necessarily result in a better behaviour in case of a real earthquake. A research project titled: "Seismopolis" - "Pilot integrated System for Public Familiarization with Earthquakes and Information on Earthquake Protection" aimed at the improvement of the behaviour of people through an appropriate amalgamation of knowledge transfer and virtually experiencing an earthquake situation. Seismopolis combines well established education means such as books and leaflets with new technologies like earthquake simulation and virtual reality. It comprises a series of 5 main spaces that the visitor passes one-by-one. Space 1. Reception and introductory information. Visitors are given fundamental information on earthquakes and earthquake protection, as well as on the appropriate behaviour in case of an earthquake. Space 2. Earthquake simulation room Visitors experience an earthquake in a room. A typical kitchen is set on a shake table area (3m x 6m planar triaxial shake table) and is shaken in both horizontal and vertical directions by introducing seismographs of real or virtual earthquakes. Space 3. Virtual reality room Visitors may have the opportunity to virtually move around in the building or in the city after an earthquake disaster and take action as in a real-life situation, wearing stereoscopic glasses and using navigation tools. Space 4. Information and resources library Visitors are offered the opportunity to know more about earthquake protection. A series of means are available for this, some developed especially for Seismopolis (3 books, 2 Cds, a website and an interactive table game). Space 5. De-briefing area Visitors may be subjected to a pedagogical and psychological evaluation at the end of their visit and offered support if needed. For the evaluation of the "Seismopolis" Centre, a pilot application of the complete complex took place with the participation of different groups (schoolchildren, university students, adults, elderly persons, emigrants and persons with special needs). This test period recorded positive impression and reaction from the visitors and indicated the pedagogical and psychological appropriateness of the system. Seismopolis is the outcome of collaboration of public, academic and private partners and of a range of disciplines, namely seismologists, geologists, structural engineers, geographers, sociologists and psycologists. It is actually hosted by the Municipality of Rendis in Athens. More information on Seismopolis can be found in www.seismopolis.org .

Dandoulaki, M.; Kourou, A.; Panoutsopoulou, M.

2009-04-01

369

A review of internal combustion engine combustion chamber process studies at NASA Lewis Research Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of internal combustion stratified-charge engines is highly dependent on the in-cylinder fuel-air mixing processes occurring in these engines. Current research concerning the in-cylinder airflow characteristics of rotary and piston engines is presented. Results showing the output of multidimensional models, laser velocimetry measurements and the application of a holographic optical element are described. Models which simulate the four-stroke cycle and seal dynamics of rotary engines are also discussed.

Schock, H. J.

1984-06-01

370

The Southern California Earthquake Center/Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (SCEC/UseIT) Internship Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our undergraduate research program, SCEC/UseIT, an NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates site, provides software for earthquake researchers and educators, movies for outreach, and ways to strengthen the technical career pipeline. SCEC/UseIT motivates diverse undergraduates towards science and engineering careers through team-based research in the exciting field of earthquake information technology. UseIT provides the cross-training in computer science/information technology (CS/IT) and geoscience needed to make fundamental progress in earthquake system science. Our high and increasing participation of women and minority students is crucial given the nation"s precipitous enrollment declines in CS/IT undergraduate degree programs, especially among women. UseIT also casts a "wider, farther" recruitment net that targets scholars interested in creative work but not traditionally attracted to summer science internships. Since 2002, SCEC/UseIT has challenged 79 students in three dozen majors from as many schools with difficult, real-world problems that require collaborative, interdisciplinary solutions. Interns design and engineer open-source software, creating increasingly sophisticated visualization tools (see "SCEC-VDO," session IN11), which are employed by SCEC researchers, in new curricula at the University of Southern California, and by outreach specialists who make animated movies for the public and the media. SCEC-VDO would be a valuable tool for research-oriented professional development programs.

Perry, S.; Jordan, T.

2006-12-01

371

Becoming an Engineer: Toward a Three Dimensional View of Engineering Learning. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the authors develop an analytical framework referred to as "Becoming an Engineer" that focuses upon changes occurring over time as students traverse their undergraduate educations in engineering. This paper discusses three conceptual dimensions used to follow the engineering students' educational pathways: the development of

Stevens, Reed; O'Connor, Kevin; Garrison, Lari; Jocuns, Andrew; Amos, Daniel M.

2008-01-01

372

Women: Support Factors and Persistence in Engineering. Research in Engineering and Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited information is available regarding the factors that promote persistence by women in engineering programs. Stated simply, the problem is that the number of women engineers continues to fall short in comparison to the gender ratio of women to men in the population in the U.S. (BEST, 2002) and worldwide (Hersh, 2000). More women engineers are

Duncan, John R.; Zeng, Yong

2005-01-01

373

Diversity in Engineering Teaching--Views from Future Engineering Faculty. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Even though diversity issues have not always been addressed in engineering education, addressing diversity has emerged as an important issue in the engineering education community as the student population in colleges and universities has become increasingly more diverse. Despite these changes in student populations, attrition from engineering

Sattler, Brook; Yellin, Jessica; Huang, Yi-Min; Turns, Jennifer

2007-01-01

374

Engineered riboswitches: Expanding researchers' toolbox with synthetic RNA regulators.  

PubMed

Riboswitches are natural RNA-based genetic switches that sense small-molecule metabolites and regulate in response the expression of the corresponding metabolic genes. Within the last years, several engineered riboswitches have been developed that act on various stages of gene expression. These switches can be engineered to respond to any ligand of choice and are therefore of great interest for synthetic biology. In this review, we present an overview of engineered riboswitches and discuss their application in conditional gene expression systems. We will provide structural and mechanistic insights and point out problems and recent trends in the development of engineered riboswitches. PMID:22710175

Wittmann, Alexander; Suess, Beatrix

2012-02-28

375

NSF Engineering Design Research Conference. Held in Amherst, MA. on June 11-14, 1989. Preprints.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Conference was to bring together members of the engineering design research community for exchange of current research results, ideas, and directions. Topics of interest included cognitive and prescriptive theories and models of design,...

J. E. A. John

1989-01-01

376

Deep Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most earthquakes occur in the top 100 miles of the crust of the Earth, but some happen far below that, where the earth is so hot that rocks should simply flow past each other instead of producing the jolts that cause earthquakes. So what causes them? This radio broadcast explains how one geophysicist has performed experiments revealing that rock squeezed under intense pressure contains bits that become soft at different rates. These bits are able to hook up into shear zones that cause the earthquakes. The clip is 2 minutes in length.

377

Earthquake Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed to provide instruction on how to collect earthquake data from on-line databases. The parameters can be changed so that data for earthquakes occurring at any time or part of the world can be accessed. Following completion of this activity the user will be able to find the epicenter and hypocenter (focus), determine the number of earthquakes in a given area or region, determine magnitude, and make inferences why ground shaking does not always decrease with increasing distance from the epicenter.

Hopson, R.

378

Earthquake Precursors in Thermal Infrared Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of an agreement between NASA and the Arab Youth Venture Foundation (AYVF), three engineering students from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) participated in a 10-week experiential learning program this summer. This educational program is managed by the NASA Ames Research Center Office of Education and Public Outreach and is administered by the Education Associates Program (EAP). One of the research projects under this program tested the hypothesis that signals emitted by the Earths surface prior to the occurrence of an earthquake, including thermal infrared (TIR) emissions, can be detected through appropriate analysis of data collected by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite sensors. After applying a set of preprocessing algorithms to the satellite data, we analyzed MODIS images showing the TIR emitted by a ground area in the days prior to an eventual earthquake. We used computing tools and software, such as MATLAB and ENVI, to isolate these pre-seismic signals from the background noise. The development of a technique to monitor pre-seismic signals holds promise in finding a method to predict earthquakes.

Alqassim, S. S.; Vanderbilt, V. C.

2010-12-01

379

CSEP Earthquake Forecast Testing Center for Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One major focus of the next Japanese earthquake prediction research plan 2009-2013 are testable earthquake forecast models. For this purpose, the Earthquake Research Institute joined the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) and installed in an international collaboration a prototype testing center for rigorous evaluation of earthquake forecast models. We report on the implementation of this testing center, the quality characterization of the earthquake catalog data stream from the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), the definition of a Japanese testing region, and first test results. A first set of three one-year smoothed-seismicity models are fully implemented in the testing center and are under test since 1 September 2008. In the near future, additional models will be introduced and new specialized testing areas will be defined to promote rigorous earthquake prediction research on different topics and regions in Japan.

Tsuruoka, H.; Hirata, N.; Schorlemmer, D.; Euchner, F.; Jordan, T. H.

2008-12-01

380

Hydrogen engine: research and development (R&D) programmes in Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Active research in the development of hydrogen-fuelled low-emission engines is being pursued at the Engines and Unconventional Fuels Laboratory of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), for a period of close to two decades. This paper highlights the significant pursuits and attainments of the research and development (R&D) activities carried out in IIT, Delhi on hydrogen-operated engines. Both spark ignition

L. M. Das

2002-01-01

381

Engineering and Organizational Issues Related to The World Trade Center Terrorist Attack. Volume 2: Reconnaissance and Preliminary Assessment of a Damaged Building Near Ground Zero.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An Multidisciplinary Center For Earthquake Engineering (MCEER) research team, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, visited Ground Zero twice in the two weeks following the attacks of September 11, 2001, to collect perishable data related to the c...

J. Berman G. Warn A. Whittaker M. Bruneau

2002-01-01

382

Engineering and Organizational Issues Related to The World Trade Center Terrorist Attack. Volume 1: Overview of Damage to Buildings near Ground Zero.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contributes to one of the objectives of the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research's (MCEER) investigations undertaken following the September 11, 2001, attacks on the twin 110-story towers of the World Trade Center, in l...

M. Bruneau A. Whittaker A. Reinhorn

2002-01-01

383

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering...Secretary Assist? § 350.31 What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research...Research Center must be operated by or in collaboration with (a) One or more...

2009-07-01

384

DOE Hydropower Program Engineering Research and Development 1977-- 1991 summary report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Engineering Research and Development Program was a part of the DOE Small-Scale Hydropower Program. The Small-Scale Hydropower Program was established in 1977 (a) to provide appropriate assistance to private and public sectors, and (b) to accelerate the development of hydroelectric power at existing dams amenable to the retrofitting or adding of hydroelectric equipment. The purpose of the Engineering Research

1992-01-01

385

Bridging the Research-Practice Gap in Requirements Engineering through Effective Teaching and Peer Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce the concept of the research-practice gap as it is perceived in the field of software requirements engineering. An analysis of this gap has shown that two key causes for the research-practice gap are lack of effective communication and the relatively light coverage of requirements engineering material in University programmes. We discuss the design and delivery

Andrew Mile Connor; Jim Buchan; Krassie Petrova

2009-01-01

386

GATE: An Environment to Support Research and Development in Natural Language Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a software environment to support research and development in natural language (NL) engineering. This environment - GATE (General Architecture for Text Engineering) - aims to advance research in the area of machine processing of natural languages by providing a software infrastructure on top of which heterogeneous NL component modules may be evaluated and refined individ- ually or may

Robert J. Gaizauskas; Hamish Cunningham; Yorick Wilks; Peter J. Rodgers; Kevin Humphreys

1996-01-01

387

The Future for Industrial Engineers: Education and Research Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|EU graduation and the recruitment of industrial engineers (IEs) have been investigated. An increasing demand is observed for graduates in almost all industrial engineering (IE) subjects. The labour market in the EU is evolving towards the service sector even if manufacturing still represents a significant share of both IE employment and gross

Mummolo, Giovanni

2007-01-01

388

Frontiers in Chemical Engineering. Research Needs and Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chemical engineers play a key role in industries such as petroleum, food, artificial fibers, petrochemicals, plastics and many others. They are needed to tailor manufacturing technology to the requirements of products and to integrate product and process design. This report discusses how chemical engineers are continuing to address technological

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources.

389

FURTHER RESEARCH OF ABRASIVE WEAR BEHAVIOUR OF ENGINEERING POLYMERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

To improve the abrasive wear behaviour of a certain tribo system - modifying the system -, there are more keys e.g. replacing the metal surface with a plastic one. If in a given tribo system the engineering plastic part can be acceptable from other engineering points (e.g. strength, life period and fatigue) than the proper plastic selection may improve the

Kalcska Gbor; Zsidai Lszl; Bors Zoltn; Fenyvesi Lszl; Eberst Ott; Pop Sever

390

Earthquake Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Indicates the importance of the development of students' measurement and estimation skills. Analyzes earthquake data recorded at seismograph stations and explains how to read and modify the graphs. Presents an activity for student evaluation. (YDS)|

Espinoza, Fernando

2000-01-01

391

Earthquake Light.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper focuses on manifestations of earthquake light that appear to be of electromagnetic origin: general atmospheric luminosity; light flashes; and auroral effects. Explanations of near-ground phenomena are offered in terms of acceleration of free el...

W. G. McMillan

1985-01-01

392

Charles Darwin's earthquake reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

As it is the 200th anniversary of Darwin's birth, 2009 has also been marked as 170 years since the publication of his book Journal of Researches. During the voyage Darwin landed at Valdivia and Concepcion, Chile, just before, during, and after a great earthquake, which demolished hundreds of buildings, killing and injuring many people. Land was waved, lifted, and cracked,

Shamil Galiev

2010-01-01

393

Research on variation of radon and gamma-background as a prediction of earthquakes in the Caucasus  

Microsoft Academic Search

For prediction of earthquakes in the Caucasus, a network of measurement sites for radon and gamma-background is established. The sites are established in the galleries of Krasnodar and Stavropol regions. The setups of measuring gamma-background and Rn in the soil air were built in galleries near settlement Kholmsky. The detector of Rn in soil operates in the gallery near Pyatigorsk.

T. Tsvetkova; M. Monnin; I. Nevinsky; V. Perelygin

2001-01-01

394

A Critical Analysis of Earthquake-Resistant Architectural Provisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern science has enabled experts in building process such as engineers and architects to prepare and organize earthquake provisions through building codes. However, having a modern earthquake code does not guarantee earthquake resistant buildings. The clarity of the codes, especially for architects, and code enforcement are other important factors that should be satisfied. Many scholars and practicing architects may think

Ercment Erman

2005-01-01

395

Stability assessment of structures under earthquake hazard through GRID technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a GRID framework to estimate the vulnerability of structures under earthquake hazard. The tool has been designed to cover the needs of a typical earthquake engineering stability analysis; preparation of input data (pre-processing), response computation and stability analysis (post-processing). In order to validate the application over GRID, a simplified model of structure under artificially generated earthquake records

F. Prieto Castrillo; M. Boton Fernandez

2009-01-01

396

Liquefaction of Soils during Earthquakes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the state of knowledge of the causes and effects of liquefaction of soils during earthquakes, documents the state of the art of analysis for safety from liquefaction, and recommends future directions for liquefaction research. It is bas...

1985-01-01

397

Research on Personalized Information Filtering of Search Engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since network has been created and developing rapidly in recent years, the age of information exploding is coming. The Search Engine becomes more and more important for people, but the traditional search engine retrieves and provides information just according to the keywords that users input. How to recommend the right information to users has become the hot point. The technology of personalized information filtering brings people hope .The paper I present analyzed the achievements of those filtering technologies ,and adopted user-system complex-operating modeling to build User-activitycollecting module, User-interest-updating module and User-searching module, in order to meet theme-oriented searchings needs. Experiments showed that the user-interest model can provide personalized service and enhance search engines precision.

Zhang, Shu; Chen, Xinrong; Luo, Changshou

398

National Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a very extensive site about earthquakes. It is the USGS (United States Geological Survey) National Earthquake Information site. The site provides access to near real time earthquake data from around the world, as well as data for recent earthquakes (last 3 weeks). The site can also be searched for information on specific earthquakes by time or location. There is a General Earthquake Information section with extensive earthquake education materials as well as information on seismicity, earthquake magnitude, preparedness, predictions, and locations.

399

Remanufacturing Engineering Literature Overview and Future Research Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the past ten years, the remanufacturing engineering has become a very popular topic in the industrial area as it is one\\u000a of the most effective and potential strategies for the end-of-life product management. However, the available literature\\u000a and theory in the remanufacturing area are limited; this paper is designed to present an overview over the remanufacturing\\u000a engineering, including literature

Qingdi Ke; Hong-chao Zhang; Guangfu Liu; Bingbing Li

400

STEM High School Teaching Enhancement through Collaborative Engineering Research on Extreme Winds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) program on Hazard Mitigation at the University of Texas at Arlington (UT Arlington) involved area high school STEM teachers in engineering research with faculty and graduate students. The primary objective of the project was to train participating teachers in inquiry based research learning, research

Reynolds, Danielle; Yazdani, Nur; Manzur, Tanvir

2013-01-01

401

The next new Madrid earthquake  

SciTech Connect

Scientists who specialize in the study of Mississippi Valley earthquakes say that the region is overdue for a powerful tremor that will cause major damage and undoubtedly some casualties. The inevitability of a future quake and the lack of preparation by both individuals and communities provided the impetus for this book. It brings together applicable information from many disciplines: history, geology and seismology, engineering, zoology, politics and community planning, economics, environmental science, sociology, and psychology and mental health to provide a perspective of the myriad impacts of a major earthquake on the Mississippi Valley. The author addresses such basic questions as What, actually, are earthquakes How do they occur Can they be predicted, perhaps even prevented He also addresses those steps that individuals can take to improve their chances for survival both during and after an earthquake.

Atkinson, W.

1988-01-01

402

Reengineering a College of Engineering: The Role of an Institutional Research Office. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role played by the institutional research office in the successful re-engineering of the University of Miami (Florida) college of engineering is described. The private research university's engineering school was at risk of closure due to declining enrollment and a changing job market. A committee of engineering faculty and other university

Sapp, Mary M.; Temares, M. Lewis

403

An analysis of teaching workload policy at public doctoral and research universities in the engineering and engineering technology disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Faculty productivity can be affected by an university's or department's workload policy. To date, little research has been performed on the subject of faculty workload policy in the engineering and engineering technology disciplines at public doctoral and research universities. Consequently, the purposes of this study are as follows: (1) to gain an understanding of the workload policies associated with the engineering and engineering technology disciplines at public doctoral and research universities, (2) to determine the extent by which such policies have provisions for reducing or increasing course load, and (3) to determine administrator and faculty preference for the inclusion of "flexible elements" in a policy, and if such preference can be linked to various demographic, career, and research related attributes. A number of literature sources were consulted in an effort to obtain the background needed for this study including ERIC documents, periodical literature, past dissertations, and books. In addition, the literature section contains information reflecting analyses performed on data retrieved from the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. Three types of data were collected for the study: (1) surveys, (2) documented workload policies, and (3) case study interviews. The data were obtained from public doctoral and research universities which have engineering and engineering technology programs accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. As a result of the study, it was determined that the majority of public doctoral and research universities have written workload policies at either the university level or at the department level. Unwritten policies also exist, but for many institutions, classification of the policies by the deans and chairs differ. The majority of workload policies contain provisions for reducing course load, however, only a small percentage of the policies contain provisions for increasing course load. The frequency of use of reduced course load provisions is greater than the frequency of use of increased course load provisions. Research results indicate that administrators and faculty desire workload policies which contain "flexible elements." In addition, a substantial percentage of faculty stated that they would prefer to teach a greater load for a stated period of time in lieu of performing advisement, research, or service.

Ellis, Deborah Rindfuss

404

Research on methanol-burning, two-stroke engines  

SciTech Connect

In looking for the possibility of burning methanol in the two-stroke marine diesel engine, Mitsubishi decided that its investigations would be for a pure methanol-burning engine. Since ignition of methanol by the straight forward diesel cycle is not attainable, Mitsubishi decided to use glow plugs for ignition. The result has been the adaptation of the 450 mm bore test engine, at Nagasaki, with a special cylinder head carrying two methanol precombustion chambers and two main methanol injectors. Results from the tests at Nagasaki showed that NO[sub x] formation was no more than 500 ppm at full load, while thermal efficiency was at least equal to that of a straight diesel engine. A base model ship for Japanese coastal waters operation is being studied. Plans of the ship have been sent to the Japanese classification society, NK, and they include a separate methanol treatment room and storage tanks. The committee concluded that a methanol-engined ship of about 1000 dwt can be operated economically with a relatively small increase in freight rate. Lower crew costs are part of that equation, because of an expected decrease in machinery maintenance. Conceptual approval for the project is now being sought with NK. 2 figs.

Wilson, K.

1994-04-01

405

The Road to Total Earthquake Safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cinna Lomnitz is possibly the most distinguished earthquake seismologist in all of Central and South America. Among many other credentials, Lomnitz has personally experienced the shaking and devastation that accompanied no fewer than five major earthquakesChile, 1939; Kern County, California, 1952; Chile, 1960; Caracas,Venezuela, 1967; and Mexico City, 1985. Thus he clearly has much to teach someone like myself, who has never even actually felt a real earthquake.What is this slim book? The Road to Total Earthquake Safety summarizes Lomnitz's May 1999 presentation at the Seventh Mallet-Milne Lecture, sponsored by the Society for Earthquake and Civil Engineering Dynamics. His arguments are motivated by the damage that occurred in three earthquakesMexico City, 1985; Loma Prieta, California, 1989; and Kobe, Japan, 1995. All three quakes occurred in regions where earthquakes are common. Yet in all three some of the worst damage occurred in structures located a significant distance from the epicenter and engineered specifically to resist earthquakes. Some of the damage also indicated that the structures failed because they had experienced considerable rotational or twisting motion. Clearly, Lomnitz argues, there must be fundamental flaws in the usually accepted models explaining how earthquakes generate strong motions, and how we should design resistant structures.

Frohlich, Cliff

406

Supercomputer applications in automotive research and engineering development  

SciTech Connect

The book derives from the fact that rapid advances in automotive engineering and the increasing complexity of automotive design, coupled with equally rapid advances in computer technology and supercomputers, have created the need to establish a close communication between the developers of software and hardware technologies. The increasing speed and expanded storage capacity of modern high-speed computers, coupled with advanced numerical methods and programming techniques in computational mechanics, have greatly improved our ability to delineate optimal solutions to increasingly more complex engineering problems faced by the highly competitive automotive industry. This book provides an account or current computational techniques in the automobile industry. Papers include crash simulation analysis in manufacturing, automobile aerodynamics, engine combustion modelling, optimisation and the use of expert systems.

Marino, C.

1986-01-01

407

Research on Personalized Information Filtering of Search Engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since network has been created and developing rapidly in recent years, the age of information exploding is coming. The Search Engine becomes more and more important for people, but the traditional search engine retrieves and provides information just according to the keywords that users input. How to recommend the right information to users has become the hot point. The technology of personalized information filtering brings people hope .The paper I present analyzed the achievements of those filtering technologies ,and adopted user-system complex-operating modeling to build User-activitycollecting module, User-interest-updating module and User-searching module, in order to meet theme-oriented searching's needs. Experiments showed that the user-interest model can provide personalized service and enhance search engine's precision.

Zhang, Shu; Chen, Xinrong; Luo, Changshou

408

Research on optimal calibration technology for hydrogen-fueled engine based on nonlinear programming theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

To analyze and resolve the contradiction of abnormal combustion and improving hydrogen-fueled engine power is the key for promoting the progress of hydrogen-fueled engine research. Optimal control is the most valuable technology for resolving this contradiction. In this paper, the optimal model of hydrogen-fueled engine for multi-variable, multi-objective, multi-constraint under the whole operating conditions was established. The technology was a

Li-jun Wang; Man-lou He; Zhen-zhong Yang

2010-01-01

409

Temporal Evolution of Energetic Electron Precipitation as a Promising Tool for Earthquake Prediction Research: Analysis of IDP \\/ DEMETER Observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we present spatial and temporal correlation results of energetic (70 - 2350 keV) electron bursts (EBs) detected by the DEMETER spacecraft (700 km alt.) before great (M>6.7) Earthquakes (EQs) in general and statistical results for 13 EQs in and near Japan. The EBs were found to show a characteristic flux-time profile, time duration and energy spectrum and

G. Anagnostopoulos; V. Rigas; M. Athanasiou; A. Iliopoulos; E. Vassiliadis; N. Iossifidis

2010-01-01

410

THE HISTORY OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKELEY AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS OF NUMERICAL METHODS AND COMPUTER PROGRAMS AT CSI BERKELEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to summarize, from a personal viewpoint, some research in structural dynamics within the Department\\u000a of Civil Engineering at the University of California at Berkeley during the period of 1950 to 1990. The second part of the\\u000a paper is to present a few recently developed numerical algorithms for dynamic analysis that are required in the

E. L. Wilson

411

Earthquake Location  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demonstration of earthquake location uses triangulation on a globe. It requires seismograms and travel-time curves (the site explains where to obtain these), string, and a globe. Since P waves travel faster than S waves, the time difference between the arrival of the P wave and the arrival of the S wave depends on the distance the waves traveled from the source (earthquake) to the station (seismograph). Students will measure the time difference between the P and S wave arrival using a seismogram. Then they will use the travel-time curves to find the distance that corresponds to this time difference. Next, students will measure this distance on the globe using the string and locate the earthquake using the distances from three stations.

Barker, Jeffrey

412

Earthquake Machine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a demonstration of the principle of elastic rebound for the cause and recurrence of earthquakes. Under the Elastic Rebound Theory, the continuous motion of plates on Earth causes stress to build up at the boundaries between the plates, where friction keeps the boundaries locked. Stress is continually building up, and earthquakes act to relieve that stress. In the demonstration, the two sides of a fault are represented by sandpaper-covered blocks resting on a sandpaper-covered board. A weight rests on the block to apply a chosen amount of pressure on the sandpaper (defining the frictional strength of the fault). A spring is attached to the block and to a string, on which a constant pull is maintained. This apparatus is used to discover when the stress causes the blocks to move. Conclusions on earthquake recurrence (seismicity) may then be drawn.

Barker, Jeffrey

413

When do researchers collaborate? Toward a model of collaboration propensity in science and engineering research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographically distributed and multidisciplinary collaborations have proven invaluable in answering a range of important scientific questions, such as understanding and controlling disease threats like SARS and AIDS or exploring the nature of matter in particle physics. Despite this, however, collaboration can often be problematic. There are institutional obstacles, collaboration tools may be poorly designed, and group coordination is difficult. To better design technologies to support research activities, we need an improved understanding of why scientists collaborate and how their collaborations work. To achieve this improved understanding, this study compares two theoretical approaches to collaboration propensity---that is, the extent to which collaboration is perceived as useful by individual researchers. On one hand, cultural comparisons of disciplines suggest that collaboration propensity will be higher in disciplinary cultures that have a more collectivist orientation, as indicated by low levels of competition for individual recognition and few concerns about secrecy related to commercialization and intellectual property. In contrast, an approach based on social and organizational psychology suggests that collaboration propensity will vary as a function of resource concentration, fieldwide focus on a well-defined set of problems, and the need for and availability of help when difficult problems are encountered in day-to-day work. To explore this question, a mail survey of 900 academic researchers in three fields was conducted, along with 100 interviews with practicing researchers at 17 sites in the field. Results support a social and organizational psychological interpretation of collaboration propensity. That is, cultural factors such as competition for individual recognition and concerns about intellectual property were not perceived as significant impediments to collaboration. Instead, characteristics like resource concentration and frequent help-seeking behavior were more important in determining collaboration propensity. Implications of these findings include a call for more careful examination of the day-to-day work of scientists and engineers, and a suggestion that concerns about scientific competition impeding collaboration may be unwarranted.

Birnholtz, Jeremy P.

414

AEERL (AIR AND ENERGY ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY) RESEARCH PLAN ON THE GLOBAL CLIMATE EMISSIONS ASSESSMENT AND STABILIZATION PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) research plan for work in the global climate area. The plan, written for discussion with senior scientists and program managers at EPA's Global Climate Change Re...

415

Applications of Systems Engineering to the Research, Design, and Development of Wind Energy Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys the landscape of systems engineering methods and current wind modeling capabilities to assess the potential for development of a systems engineering to wind energy research, design, and development. Wind energy has evolved from a small industry in a few countries to a large international industry involving major organizations in the manufacturing, development, and utility sectors. Along with

K. Dykes; R. Meadows; F. Felker; P. Graf; M. Hand; M. Lunacek; J. Michalakes; P. Moriarty; W. Musial; P. Veers

2011-01-01

416

International Assessment of Research and Development in Simulation- Based Engineering and Science. Panel Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report assesses international research and development in the field of Simulation-Based Engineering and Science (SBE&S). SBE&S involves use of computer modeling and simulation to solve mathematical formulations of physical models of engineered and na...

A. Deshmukh M. Head-Gordon P. T. Cummings S. Kim S. C. Glotzer

2009-01-01

417

Requirements Engineering as Creative Problem Solving: A Research Agenda for Idea Finding  

Microsoft Academic Search

This vision paper frames requirements engineering as a creative problem solving process. Its purpose is to enable requirements researchers and practitioners to recruit relevant theories, models, techniques and tools from creative problem solving to understand and support requirements processes more effectively. It uses 4 drivers to motivate the case for requirements engineering as a creative problem solving process. It then

Neil A. M. Maiden; Sara Jones; Inger Kristine Karlsen; Roger Neill; Konstantinos Zachos; Alastair Milne

2010-01-01

418

Providing computational science and engineering expertise for a large biomedical research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Computational Bioscience and Engineering Laboratory of the National Institutes of Health provides computational science and engineering expertise for the NM Intramural Research Program. Laboratory activities include computational algorithm and method development, high-performance parallel computing, biomedical image processing, image management and communication system development, signal processing and control system design, bioinformatics support, and scientific database system implementation

Robert L. Martino; Calvin A. Johnson; Kenneth M. Kempner; Thomas J. Pohida; John I. Powell; Edward B. Suh; Benes L. Trus; Tieng K. Yap

1999-01-01

419

CRITERIA USED BY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERS IN THE SELECTION OF AN INFORMATION SOURCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

INVESTIGATED THE CRITERIA EMPLOYED BY ENGINEERS IN THE SELECTION OF VARIOUS TECHNICAL INFORMATION CHANNELS IN PROBLEM-SOLVING ENDEAVORS. FOCUSES ON THE RELATIONSHIPS OF CERTAIN CRITERIA IDENTIFIED IN PAST RESEARCH TO SUCH FACTORS AS FREQUENCY OF CHANNEL UTILIZATION AND THE RATE AT WHICH ENGINEERS ACCEPT OR REJECT TECHNICAL INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM SPECIFIC CHANNELS. A DIRECT RELATIONSHIP IS FOUND BETWEEN PERCEIVED ACCESSIBILITY OF

PETER G. GERSTBERGER; THOMAS J. ALLEN

1968-01-01

420

Report of the Science and Engineering Research Council for the Year 1987-88.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper presents the Annual Report of the Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC), United Kingdom 1987/8. The contents contains the reports of the four Boards of the Council - the Astronomy and Planetary Science Board, the Engineering Board, the...

1988-01-01

421

The Retention of Minority Engineering Students. Report on the 1981-82 NACME Retention Research Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help engineering schools improve their minority student retention rates, the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME) undertook a Retention Research Program. The program consisted of two parts. First, NACME funded 11 projects which planned to add to or modify one or more minority student support services. Second, NACME used

Penick, Benson E.; Morning, Carole

422

Engineering Students Define Diversity: An Uncommon Thread. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Diversity has taken on many meanings, depending on the context in which it is used and the person using it. Today's engineering students have come to embody diversity as an extension of their home, academic and social environments. The result is a group of students that often show indifference to diversity (however defined) and the impact it will

Fleming, Lorraine; Ledbetter, Sislena; Williams, Dawn; McCain, Janice

2008-01-01

423

Biomedical Engineering: A Compendium of Research Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document was prepared to provide a comprehensive view of the programs in biomedical engineering in existence in 1969. These programs are supported by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences and are located at 18 universities. This compendium provides information as to the intent and content of these programs from data provided by

National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

424

Overview of NASA Engine Ice-Crystal Icing Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ice accretions that have formed inside gas turbine engines as a result of flight in clouds of high concentrations of ice crystals in the atmosphere have recently been identified as an aviation safety hazard. NASA s Aviation Safety Program (AvSP) has made ...

H. E. Addy J. P. Veres

2011-01-01

425

Requirements engineering in the year 00: a research perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Requirements engineering (RE) is concerned with the identification of the goals to be achieved by the envisioned system, the operationalization of such goals into services and constraints, and the assignment of responsibilities for the resulting requirements to agents such as humans, devices, and software. The processes involved in RE include domain analysis, elicitation, specification, assessment, negotiation, documentation, and evolution. Getting

Axel van Lamsweerde

2000-01-01

426

Research on Social Network Based on Meta-search Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to solve the problem that we can only collect data from one single data source at some fixed time after mining the keywords in a rather superficial level, and to take full use of the information returned by search engines to construct the social relationship network based on the semantic link of the searched subject, we do the

Shen Yang; Liu Zi-tao; Luo Cheng; Li Ye

2009-01-01

427

Employment opportunities for older adults: Engineering design and research issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

A challenge facing the engineering community is to find ways to integrate older people into the labor force. Despite laws regarding age discrimination and compulsory retirement, older people's participation in the labor force is declining. Unless strategies are developed to keep older people in the workforce, the issues of economic dependency and intergenerational equity are likely to become formidable in

Sara J. Czaja

1994-01-01

428

Light bulb moments: identifying information research threshold concepts for fourth year engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The librarians in the Dorothy Hill Physical Sciences and Engineering Library undertook a project to identify information research threshold concepts which fourth year undergraduate students must know to produce high quality research assignments. The methodology used to identify threshold concepts was to survey students, librarians and academics. A suggested threshold concept in information research is the critical evaluation of information

Phil Yorke-Barber; Loretta Atkinson; Gisela Possin; Leith Woodall

2008-01-01

429

ESTABLISHING PRIORITIES IN THE U.S. EPA'S INDOOR AIR ENGINEERING RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives results of consultations by participants in the U.S. EPA's Indoor Air Engineering Research Program with a panel of key researchers and planners within government, industry, and academia to help identify priority program areas for indoor air research. rogram elemen...

430

Applying prototype for software engineering in pilot project of research tracking system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prototyping is the efficient method from many methodologies of software engineering approaches. The traditional waterfall model is suitable for the well understanding requirement and large project. The pilot project of research tracking system had never been established before in University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce (UTCC). The staffs in the research department manually manage the research tracking system

Waralak Vongdoiwang Siricharoen

2012-01-01

431

The Influence of Materials Science and Engineering Undergraduate Research Experiences on Public Communication Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communicating research findings with others is a skill essential to the success of future STEM professionals. However, little is known about how this skill can be nurtured through participating in undergraduate research. The purpose of this study is to quantify undergraduate participation in research in a materials science and engineering

Ing, Marsha; Fung, Wenson W.; Kisailus, David

2013-01-01

432

POLLUTION PREVENTION FOR CLEANER AIR: EPA'S AIR AND ENERGY ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY  

EPA Science Inventory

The article discusses the role of EPA's Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) in pollution prevention research for cleaner air. For more than 20 years, AEERL has been conducting research to identify control approaches for the pollutants and sources which contribu...

433

Research and Innovation of Engineering Education in Europe the contribution of SEFI  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The roots of engineering education lie in the workplace. It was not until the 19th century that higher engineering education moved to a more scholarly environment. True to its origins, research in the applied sciences never aimed at pure understanding alone. The goal of engineering investigations has always been to devise solutions to practice problems with a mixture of design, construction and innovation. If the establishing of a research tradition in engineering has taken quite a long time, the time needed to apply an academic mode of thinking to the approach to teaching and learning has been much longer. In fact, most of the design choices concerning the curricula in higher engineering education were made based on intuition, rather than on insight, until well over the half of the last century. Aiming at to support the development of engineering education in Europe, in 1973 the European Society of Engineering Education was established (labelled SEFI according to the French acronym Socit. Europenne pour la Formation des Ingnieurs). Presently the society represents 196 institutional members. SEFI promotes cooperation between higher engineering education institutions and other scientific and international bodies on issues of research and development in Engineering Education, for instance through participating in European network projects such as the SOCRATES Thematic Network TREE (Teaching and Research in Engineering Education in Europe). SEFI is also engaged in policy development regarding engineering education publishing statements regarding issues like the Bologna process and the proposed European Institute of Technology. In the future SEFI aims to consolidate and strengthen its role in the European arena and to represent Europe on the Global stage.

Graaff, Erik De; Borri, Claudio

434

Bibliography of Research Reports and Publications Issued by the Human Engineering Division, April 1946-December 1970.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography contains the titles, authors and publication/source information for the technical reports and articles published by the Human Engineering Division of the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory between April 1946 and December 1970. The bibl...

S. A. Stevenson

1972-01-01

435

ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS FROM GENETICALLY ENGINEERED PLANTS: EPA RESEARCH NEEDS FOR REGULATORY ACTION  

EPA Science Inventory

Since the early 1970's, plant biotechnology research and development has progressed dramatically. enetically engineered plants (GEPS) that express new or improved pesticidal properties, enhanced resistance to herbicides, improved nutritional value, and resistance to disease have ...

436

Guide for Preparing Technical Information Reports of the Engineer Research and Development Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Guide provides information necessary for authors to prepare and produce technical publications for the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC). This version of the Guide consolidates processes and procedures used at all ERDC sites. ...

2006-01-01

437

Magnetohydrodynamic research in fusion blanket engineering and metallurgical processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A review of recent research activities in liquid metal magnetohydrodynamics (LM-MHDs) is presented in this article. Two major research areas are discussed. The first topic involves the thermomechanical design issues in a proposed tokamak fusion reactor. T...

A. Tokuhiro

1991-01-01

438

Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe: Umweltforschung - Umwelttechnik. (Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe: Environmental research and engineering).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The nuclear research centre at Karlsruhe ('Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe', KfK) works within the framework of research projects on the development of processes and technologies for the solution of environmental problems, inter alia in the fields of wast...

1990-01-01

439

A review of internal combustion engine combustion chamber process studies at NASA Lewis Research Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The performance of internal combustion stratified-charge engines is highly dependent on the in-cylinder fuel-air mixing processes occurring in these engines. Current research concerning the in-cylinder airflow characteristics of rotary and piston engines is presented. Results showing the output of multidimensional models, laser velocimetry measurements and the application of a holographic optical element are described. Models which simulate the four-stroke cycle and seal dynamics of rotary engines are also discussed. Previously announced in STAR as N84-24999

Schock, H. J.

1984-06-01

440

A critical review of Knowledge-Based Engineering: An identification of research challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge-Based Engineering (KBE) is a research field that studies methodologies and technologies for capture and re-use of product and process engineering knowledge. The objective of KBE is to reduce time and cost of product development, which is primarily achieved through automation of repetitive design tasks while capturing, retaining and re-using design knowledge. Published research on KBE is not very extensive

Wim J. C. Verhagen; Pablo Bermell-Garcia; Reinier E. C. van Dijk; Richard Curran

441

A University Consortium on Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine Research  

SciTech Connect

Over the course of this four year project, the consortium team members from UM, MIT, Stanford, and Berkeley along with contributors from Sandia National Labs and LLNL, have produced a wide range of results on gasoline HCCI control and implementation. The work spanned a wide range of activities including engine experiments, fundamental chemical kinetics experiments, and an array of analytical modeling techniques and simulations. Throughout the project a collaborative approach has produced a many significant new insights into HCCI engines and their behavior while at the same time we achieved our key consortium goal: to develop workable strategies for gasoline HCCI control and implementation. The major accomplishments in each task are summarized, followed by detailed discussion.

Assanis, Dennis; Atreya, Arvind; Bowman, Craig; Chen, Jyh-Yuan; Cheng, Wai; Davidson, David; Dibble, Robert; Edwards, Chris; Filipi, Zoran; Golden, David; Green, William; Hanson, Ronald; Hedrick, J Karl; Heywood, John; Im, Hong; Lavoie, George; Sick, Volker; Wooldridge, Margaret

2007-03-31

442

Genetically engineered mice and their use in aging research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetically engineered animal models have been and will continue to be invaluable for exploring the basic mechanisms involved\\u000a in the aging process as well as in extending our understanding of diseases found to be more prevalent in the older human population.\\u000a Continued development of such in vivo systems will allow scientists to further dissect the role genetic and environmental\\u000a factors

Julie K. Andersen

2001-01-01

443

Earthquake Quiz!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains questions about earthquakes from students just like you! Mr. John Lahr from U.S. Geological Survey answered the questions and the information has been put up for you to read! If you hit the "back" button on this page, you can also play a word-search, a crossword puzzle, and try your hand at scrambled definitions.

Lahr, John

2002-01-01

444

Earthquake Seismology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The elastic waves radiating from earthquakes are of several different types; their paths explore all regions of the earth; and the separate quakes, each one a highly localized wave source for a brief interval of time, occur in nearly all geographic areas....

M. A. Tuve I. S. Sacks L. T. Aldrich J. Frez F. G. Saa

1964-01-01

445

Earthquake Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earth science students are expected to master the travel-time curves of the seismic waves generated at the focus of an earthquake and recorded at seismograph stations. Commonly, students are required to calculate the distance to the epicenter and the time

Espinoza, Fernando

2000-04-01

446

Earthquake Early Warning and Public Policy: Opportunities and Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of an earthquake early warning capability and pilot project were objectives of TriNet, a 5-year (1997-2001) FEMA-funded project to develop a state-of-the-art digital seismic network in southern California. In parallel with research to assemble a protocol for rapid analysis of earthquake data and transmission of a signal by TriNet scientists and engineers, the public policy, communication and educational issues inherent in implementation of an earthquake early warning system were addressed by TriNet's outreach component. These studies included: 1) a survey that identified potential users of an earthquake early warning system and how an earthquake early warning might be used in responding to an event, 2) a review of warning systems and communication issues associated with other natural hazards and how lessons learned might be applied to an alerting system for earthquakes, 3) an analysis of organization, management and public policy issues that must be addressed if a broad-based warning system is to be developed and 4) a plan to provide earthquake early warnings to a small number of organizations in southern California as an experimental prototype. These studies provided needed insights into the social and cultural environment in which this new technology will be introduced, an environment with opportunities to enhance our response capabilities but also an environment with significant barriers to overcome to achieve a system that can be sustained and supported. In this presentation we will address the main public policy issues that were subjects of analysis in these studies. They include a discussion of the possible division of functions among organizations likely to be the principle partners in the management of an earthquake early warning system. Drawing on lessons learned from warning systems for other hazards, we will review the potential impacts of false alarms and missed events on warning system credibility, the acceptability of fully automated warning systems and equity issues associated with possible differential access to warnings. Finally, we will review the status of legal authorities and liabilities faced by organizations that assume various warning system roles and possible approaches to setting up a pilot project to introduce early warning. Our presentation will suggest that introducing an early warning system requires multi-disciplinary and multi-agency cooperation and thoughtful discussion among organizations likely to be providers and participants in an early warning system. Recalling our experience with earthquake prediction, we will look at early warning as a promising but unproven technology and recommend moving forward with caution and patience.

Goltz, J. D.; Bourque, L.; Tierney, K.; Riopelle, D.; Shoaf, K.; Seligson, H.; Flores, P.

2003-12-01

447

Review of Heavy-Duty Engine Combustion Research at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this paper are to describe the research efforts in diesel engine combustion at Sandia National Laboratories' Combustion Research Facility and to provide recent experimental results. We have four diesel engine experiments supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies: a one-cylinder version of a Cummins heavy-duty engine, a diesel simulation facility, a one-cylinder Caterpillar engine to evaluate combustion of alternative fuels, and a homogeneous-charge, compression-ignition (HCCI) engine facility is under development. Recent experimental results to be discussed are: the effects of injection timing and diluent addition on late-combustion soot burnout, diesel-spray ignition and premixed-burn behavior, a comparison of the combustion characteristics of M85 (a mixture of 85% methanol and 15% gasoline) and DF2 (No.2 diesel reference fuel), and a description of our HCCI experimental program and modeling work.

Robert W. Carling; Gurpreet Singh

2000-06-19

448

Impact of Commercial Search Engines and International Databases on Engineering Teaching and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the last three decades, the engineering higher education and professional environments have been completely transformed by the "electronic/digital information revolution" that has included the introduction of personal computer, the development of email and world wide web, and broadband Internet connections at home. Herein the writer compares

Chanson, Hubert

2007-01-01

449

Forecasting earthquake by the satellite remote sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forecasting earthquake by the satellite remote sensing is a creative method which was first researched and exploited in 1989 by seismologists of China including the first author in the paper It is the one which the research team formed by the authors of this paper is furthering exploration The primary rationale of this method is using the thermal infrared anomaly and premonitory earthquake cloud which generally appeared in pregnant earthquake area in the impending period before earthquake and is produced by atmosphere-ground temperature anomaly increase caused by seismic tectonic activity and is received by satellite exploration apparatus to forecast short-term and impending earthquakes by means of exploring the corresponding relationship between the time-space dynamics of infrared abnormal and the three factors of earthquake The basic features of infrared abnormality of impending earthquake are as follows 1 Isolation of infrared anomaly form and localization of infrared anomaly distribution 2 Paroxysm of infrared anomaly appearance and durative of infrared anomaly existence Infrared anomaly of Earthquakes Ms 6 generally lasts 4 to 12 days or even longer 3 Becoming belt of anomaly spatial distribution and close relativity between active fault zone and anomaly spatial distribution 4 Migration of anomaly region and time stages of anomaly evolvement Original temperature increase -- fortified temperature increase -- pinnacle temperature increase -- attenuation -- earthquake occurrence 5 Relative stability of the anomaly of earthquake symptoms 6 Region of

Xuxiudeng, X.; Xubaohua, X.; Maweiyu, M.; Zhanghangcai, Z.; Wangbin, W.

450

Earthquake Impact Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of the USGS prompt assessment of global earthquakes for response (PAGER) system, which rapidly assesses earthquake impacts, U.S. and international earthquake responders are reconsidering their automatic alert and activation levels and response procedures. To help facilitate rapid and appropriate earthquake response, an Earthquake Impact Scale (EIS) is proposed on the basis of two complementary criteria. On the

D. J. Wald; K. S. Jaiswal; K. D. Marano; D. Bausch

2011-01-01

451

NOISE EXPOSURE IN LONGWALL MINING AND ENGINEERING CONTROLS RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prolonged exposure to noise can cause permanent damage to the auditory nerve and\\/or its sensory components, known as noise induced hearing loss (NIHL). It is the most common occupational disease in the United States today. The Pittsburgh Research Laboratory (PRL) of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is addressing NIHL in the mining industry through several research

E. R. Bauer; D. J. Podobinski; E. R. Reeves; J. S. Vipperman

452

Research project in microelectronic engineering and imaging science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is the development of improved processes in microelectronics manufacturing, and in particular microlithography. The approach includes the setting up an electron beam lithography system and initiating research efforts in microlithography, microlithographic materials evaluation and process development. The results will be the capability for research in lithography, electron beam maskmaking, submicron electron beam imaging, electron beam

Lynn Fuller

1989-01-01

453

The Source Physics of Large Earthquakes - Validating Spontaneous Rupture Methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer simulations of earthquake source rupture physics started more than 20 years ago, and the now classic papers of Andrews [1976], Das and Aki [1977], Mikumo and Miyatake [1978], and Day [1982] are included in every new spontaneous rupture modeler's required reading. Until 10 years ago, only a few researchers were able to numerically simulate spontaneous rupture propagation in 3D and the users of this methodology were primarily theoretical seismologists. In contrast, in current times numerous spontaneous rupture computer codes are being developed by researchers around the world, and the results are starting to be implemented in earthquake hazard assessment, for both seismological and engineering applications. Since most of the problems simulated using this numerical approach have no analytical solutions, it is imperative to compare and validate the various versions of this research tool. To this end, a collaborative project of the Southern California Earthquake Center (funded by the U.S. Geological Survey and the National Science Foundation) is currently underway. Our first 3D simulation exercise occurred in the fall of 2003 and had participants with 8 operational 3D spontaneous rupture codes; the most recent 2004 exercise involves participants with 10 operational codes. We have started with the basic problem of earthquake nucleation and spontaneous rupture propagation on a vertical strike-slip fault in a homogeneous material. We will soon be moving from comparison to validation, by comparing our simulation results with laboratory recordings of seismic motion due to rupture on a vertical strike-slip fault. Future simulation exercises will have increased complexity in fault geometry, material properties, stress conditions, and friction. Our overall objective is a complete understanding of the simulation methods and their ability to faithfully replicate our hypotheses about earthquake rupture physics.

Harris, R. A.; Archuleta, R.; Aagaard, B.; Ampuero, J.; Andrews, D. J.; Dalguer, L.; Day, S.; Dunham, E.; Ely, G.; Kase, Y.; Lapusta, N.; Liu, Y.; Ma, S.; Oglesby, D.; Olsen, K.; Pitarka, A.

2004-12-01

454

Technology transfer decision support in requirements engineering research: a systematic review of REj  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the main goals of an applied research field such as requirements engineering is the transfer of research results to\\u000a industrial use. To promote industrial adoption of technologies developed in academia, researchers need to provide tangible\\u000a evidence of the advantages of using them. This can be done through industry validation, enabling researchers to test and validate\\u000a technologies in a

Martin Ivarsson; Tony Gorschek

2009-01-01

455

Long-period earthquake simulations in the Wasatch Front, UT: misfit characterization and ground motion estimates  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In this research we characterize the goodness-of-fit between observed and synthetic seismograms from three small magnitude (M3.6-4.5) earthquakes in the region using the Wasatch Front community velocity model (WCVM) in order to determine the ability of the WCVM to predict earthquake ground motions for scenario earthquake modeling efforts. We employ the goodness-of-fit algorithms and criteria of Olsen and Mayhew (2010). In focusing comparisons on the ground motion parameters that are of greatest importance in engineering seismology, we find that the synthetic seismograms calculated using the WCVM produce a fair fit to the observed ground motion records up to a frequency of 0.5 Hz for two of the modeled earthquakes and up to 0.1 Hz for one of the earthquakes. In addition to the reference seismic material model (WCVM), we carry out earthquake simulations using material models with perturbations to the regional seismic model and with perturbations to the deep sedimentary basins. Simple perturbations to the regional seismic velocity model and to the seismic velocities of the sedimentary basin result in small improvements in the observed misfit but do not indicate a significantly improved material model. Unresolved differences between the observed and synthetic seismograms are likely due to un-modeled heterogeneities and incorrect basin geometries in the WCVM. These differences suggest that ground motion prediction accuracy from deterministic modeling varies across the region and further efforts to improve the WCVM are needed.

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Ramirez-Guzman, Leonardo

2011-01-01

456

Losses to single-family housing from ground motions in the 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The distributions of insured losses to single-family housing following the 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake for 234 ZIP codes can be satisfactorily modeled with gamma distributions. Regressions of the parameters in the gamma distribution on estimates of ground motion, derived from ShakeMap estimates or from interpolated observations, provide a basis for developing curves of conditional probability of loss given a ground motion. Comparison of the resulting estimates of aggregate loss with the actual aggregate loss gives satisfactory agreement for several different ground-motion parameters. Estimates of loss based on a deterministic spatial model of the earthquake ground motion, using standard attenuation relationships and NEHRP soil factors, give satisfactory results for some ground-motion parameters if the input ground motions are increased about one and one-half standard deviations above the median, reflecting the fact that the ground motions for the Northridge earthquake tended to be higher than the median ground motion for other earthquakes with similar magnitude. The results give promise for making estimates of insured losses to a similar building stock under future earthquake loading. ?? 2004, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Wesson, R. L.; Perkins, D. M.; Leyendecker, E. V.; Roth, Jr. , R. J.; Petersen, M. D.

2004-01-01

457

Chapter B. The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989 - Highway Systems  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This paper summarizes the impact of the Loma Prieta earthquake on highway systems. City streets, urban freeways, county roads, state routes, and the national highway system were all affected. There was damage to bridges, roads, tunnels, and other highway structures. The most serious damage occurred in the cities of San Francisco and Oakland, 60 miles from the fault rupture. The cost to repair and replace highways damaged by this earthquake was $2 billion. About half of this cost was to replace the Cypress Viaduct, a long, elevated double-deck expressway that had a devastating collapse which resulted in 42 deaths and 108 injuries. The earthquake also resulted in some positive changes for highway systems. Research on bridges and earthquakes began to be funded at a much higher level. Retrofit programs were started to upgrade the seismic performance of the nation's highways. The Loma Prieta earthquake changed earthquake policy and engineering practice for highway departments not only in California, but all over the world.

Yashinsky, Mark

1998-01-01

458

Developing Technologies for Space Resource Utilization: Concept for a Planetary Engineering Research Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are two principal factors that control the economics and ultimate utilization of space resources: 1) space transportation, and 2) space resource utilization technologies. Development of space transportation technology is driven by major government (military and civilian) programs and, to a lesser degree, private industry-funded research. Communication within the propulsion and spacecraft engineering community is aided by an effective independent professional organization, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). The many aerospace engineering programs in major university engineering schools sustain professional-level education in these fields. NASA does an excellent job of public education in space science and engineering at all levels. Planetary science, a precursor and supporting discipline for space resource utilization, has benefited from the establishment of the Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI) which has served, since the early post-Apollo days, as a focus for both professional and educational development in the geosciences of the Moon and other planets. The closest thing the nonaerospace engineering disciplines have had to this kind of professional nexus is the sponsorship by the American Society of Civil Engineers of a series of space engineering conferences that have had a predominantly space resource orientation. However, many of us with long-standing interests in space resource development have felt that an LPI-like, independent institute was needed to focus and facilitate both research and education on the specific engineering disciplines needed to develop space resource utilization technologies on an on-going basis.

Blacic, J. D.; Dreesen, D.; Mockler, T.

2000-01-01

459

PERSPECTIVE: Translational neural engineering: multiple perspectives on bringing benchtop research into the clinical domain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A half-day forum to address a wide range of issues related to translational neural engineering was conducted at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Successful practitioners of translational neural engineering from academics, clinical medicine and industry were invited to share a diversity of perspectives and experiences on the translational process. The forum was targeted towards traditional academic researchers who may be interested in the expanded funding opportunities available for translational research that emphasizes product commercialization and clinical implementation. The seminar was funded by the NIH with support from the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago. We report here a summary of the speaker viewpoints with particular focus on extracting successful strategies for engaging in or conducting translational neural engineering research. Daryl Kipke, PhD, (Department of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Michigan) and Molly Shoichet, PhD, (Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Toronto) gave details of their extensive experience with product commercialization while holding primary appointments in academic departments. They both encouraged strong clinical input at very early stages of research. Neurosurgeon Fady Charbel, MD, (Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Illinois at Chicago) discussed his role in product commercialization as a clinician. Todd Kuiken, MD, PhD, (Director of the Neural Engineering for Artificial Limbs at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, affiliated with Northwestern University) also a clinician, described a model of translational engineering that emphasized the development of clinically relevant technology, without a strong commercialization imperative. The clinicians emphasized the importance of communicating effectively with engineers. Representing commercial neural engineering was Doug Sheffield, PhD, (Director of New Technology at Vertis Neuroscience, Inc.) who strongly encouraged open industrial academic partnerships as an efficient path forward in the translational process. Joe Pancrazio, PhD, a Program Director at NIH's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, emphasized that NIH funding for translational research was aimed at breaking down scientific barriers to clinic entrance. Vivian Weil, PhD, (Director of Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at the Illinois Institute of Technology) a specialist on ethics in science and engineering, spoke of the usefulness of developing a code of ethics for addressing ethical aspects of translation from the bench to clinical implementation and of translation across disciplines in multi-disciplinary projects. Finally, the patient perspective was represented by Mr Jesse Sullivan. A double-arm amputee and patient of Dr Kuiken's, Mr Sullivan demonstrated the critically important role of the patient in successful translational neural engineering research.

Rousche, Patrick; Schneeweis, David M.; Perreault, Eric J.; Jensen, Winnie

2008-03-01

460

Research and development needs for ITER engineering design.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the series of documents that summarize the results of the Conceptual Design Activities (CDA) for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), this document describes the research and development (R and D) plans for 1991 - 1995. Part A d...

C. Flanagan V. Alikaev C. Baker

1991-01-01

461

Summary of 1976 Independent Research on Engineer Oriented Remote Computing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The usefulness of computers in solving scientific problems is a function of the ease with which users can communicate with existing hardware and software. This research is aimed at improving such man-computer communication. Specifically, a computer system...

R. W. Lingard

1977-01-01

462

The local magnitude of the 18 October 1989 Santa Cruz Mountains earthquake is M sub L =6. 9  

SciTech Connect

It is critical that local magnitudes, M{sub L} (Richter, 1935), be carefully determined for large earthquakes. M{sub L} is the calibration standard for many catalogs of historic earthquakes upon which other magnitude scales and measures of strong ground shaking are based. Also, M{sub L} is measured in the period range of 1-10 Hz, the most relevant for engineering and emergency response applications. The earthquake catalogs constitute the basis for both pure and applied research on statistical properties of earthquakes and earthquake processes. Despite the fact that they are most important in terms of energy release only a few large earthquakes are contained in the catalogs, however, because they are relatively rare. The authors find that the local magnitude, M{sub L}, of the 18 October 1989 (U.T.) earthquake is 6.9, not 7.0-7.1 as has been reported. This value agrees with the moment magnitude, M{sub w}=6.9, found by Kanamori and Satake (1990).

McNally, K.C.; Yellin, J.; Protti-Quesada, M.; Malavassi, E.; Schillinger, W.; Terdiman, R.; Zhang, Z. (Univ. of California, Santa Cruz (USA)); Simila, G. (California State Univ., Northridge (USA))

1990-09-01

463

In-cylinder heat-transfer research at the U. W. Engine Research Center  

SciTech Connect

This lecture summarizes results from engine heat transfer studies. The work covers instrumentation for both radiation and total heat transfer in the cylinder, boundary layer measurements and convection model to be used as subgrid models in computational fluids codes such as KIVA. Conclusions from engine tests and comparisons with models are given in abbreviated form.

Borman, G.L.

1990-01-01

464

Engineering Status of the Fusion Ignition Research Experiment (FIRE)  

SciTech Connect

FIRE is a compact, high field tokamak being studied as an option for the next step in the US magnetic fusion energy program. FIRE's programmatic mission is to attain, explore, understand, and optimize alpha-dominated plasmas to provide the knowledge necessary for the design of attractive magnetic fusion energy systems. This study began in 1999 with broad participation of the US fusion community, including several industrial participants. The design under development has a major radius of 2 m, a minor radius of 0.525 m, a field on axis of 10T and capability to operate at 12T with upgrades to power supplies. Toroidal and poloidal field magnets are inertially cooled with liquid nitrogen. An important goal for FIRE is a total project cost in the $1B range. This paper presents an overview of the engineering details which were developed during the FIRE preconceptual design study in FY99 and 00.

Philip J. Heitzenroeder; Dale Meade; Richard J. Thome

2000-10-24

465

Darwin's earthquake.  

PubMed

Charles Darwin experienced a major earthquake in the Concepcin-Valdivia region of Chile 175 years ago, in February 1835. His observations dramatically illustrated the geologic principles of James Hutton and Charles Lyell which maintained that the surface of the earth was subject to alterations by natural events, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and the erosive action of wind and water, operating over very long periods of time. Changes in the land created new environments and fostered adaptations in life forms that could lead to the formation of new species. Without the demonstration of the accumulation of multiple crustal events over time in Chile, the biologic implications of the specific species of birds and tortoises found in the Galapagos Islands and the formulation of the concept of natural selection might have remained dormant. PMID:21038753

Lee, Richard V

2010-07-01

466

Laboratory of Biotechnology and Food Engineering, 1976-1995: A Report on 20 Years of Research and Education in Bioprocess Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Introduction (Ahistorical note, Food engineering - to ensure safe food of high quality, 'Small is beautiful'); Personnel 1995 (Full time teaching and research staff); Teaching Activities; Current Research Areas and Projects; Brief Description of...

S. Linko

1995-01-01

467

A review of the research at NGTE concerning the effects of flight on engine exhaust noise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of explaining the changes in engine exhaust noise when going from static to flight conditions has puzzled research workers for some years. Various experimental research programs which were carried out in regards to this topic over the last five years are reviewed. The step-by-step progress which was made in the analysis of the problem is described and the

W. D. Bryce

1978-01-01

468

Facilitating Advanced Study in Science and Engineering: The CUR Registry of Undergraduate Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent declining numbers of students pursuing graduate study in science and engineering jeopardizes the level of innovation, scientific discovery, and knowledge creation necessary for growth and prosperity in our knowledge-based global economy. Significant evidence suggests that participation in undergraduate research can lead to increased numbers of students pursuing graduate study in these disciplines. The Council on Undergraduate Research maintains

Kerry K. Karukstis

2007-01-01

469

Computer Integrated Manufacturing education to Mechanical Engineering students: Teaching, research and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the research and development of Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing at Islamic University of Technology (IUT), Bangladesh, a subsidiary organ of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). IUT is basically an educational and research institution offering undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the field of Engineering and Technology. The objectives of Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) education are

Ashfaque Ahmed Chowdhury

2009-01-01

470

Software Engineering as Seen through Its Research Literature: A Study in Co-Word Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This empirical research demonstrates the effectiveness of content analysis to map the research literature of the software engineering discipline. Co-word analysis, which is related to cocitation analysis, is used to identify associations among indexing terms from the AMC (Association for Computing Machinery) Computing Classification System and to

Coulter, Neal; Monarch, Ira; Konda, Suresh

1998-01-01

471

Research Talent in the Natural Sciences and Engineering: Supply and Demand Projections to 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents conditional forecasts of the research talent required for the Canadian government's economic growth and research and development (R&D) targets. A number of alternative scenarios are also assessed. The study limits itself to postgraduate manpower in the natural sciences and engineering. Following an executive summary and

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Ottawa (Ontario).

472

Overview of the 1985 NASA Lewis Research Center SP100 free-piston Stirling engine activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the 1985 (NASA) Lewis Research Center free-piston Stirling engine activities in support of the SP-100 Program is presented. The SP-100 program is being conducted in support of the Department of Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE), and NASA. This effort is keyed on the design, fabrication, assembly, and testing of a 25

Slaby

1985-01-01

473

A Research Program on the Potential for Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials on Biological Systems  

EPA Science Inventory

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Office of Research and Development, has developed a research program to evaluate the potential implications of engineered nanomaterials for human health and the environment. Among the major themes of the program are evaluating the in...

474

Writing research article introductions in software engineering: how accurate is a standard model?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A standard model for describing the structure of research article introductions, the CARS (Create A Research Space) model, is evaluated in terms of how well it can be applied to 12 articles which have received best paper awards in the field of software engineering. The results indicate that, although the model adequately describes the main framework of the introductions, a

L AURENCE ANTHONY

1999-01-01

475