These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

PACIFIC EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER  

E-print Network

PACIFIC EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER PEER Testbed Study on a Laboratory Building, Berkeley PEER Report 2005/12 Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center College of Engineering to "exercise" the PEER performance-based earthquake engineering methodology. All projects involved

Adolphs, Ralph

2

Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national, nonprofit technical society, the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) was founded in 1949 and aims to "reduce earthquake risk by advancing the science and practice of earthquake engineering." EERI's searchable site contains news, timely information, and documents pertaining to earthquakes and related engineering issues. Highlights include the reconnaissance reports with in-depth coverage of current and past quakes. The Web exclusives section contains photos and testimonies, such as a slide show and text of an accompanying testimony made to the US House of Representatives Committee on Science on lessons learned from the Turkey, Taiwan, and Mexico City earthquakes. On the site's main page, users may browse through the links of highlights, such as the one to the EERI newsletter.

3

IDEERS: Introducing and Demonstrating Earthquake Engineering Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Introducing and Demonstrating Earthquake Engineering Research in Schools (IDEERS) is a program of the University of Bristol "to communicate the challenge and excitement of earthquake engineering research to young people." Beginning with a detailed explanation of earthquake causes and effects, the Web site provides motivation for designing structurally reinforced buildings. Five recent earthquake disasters are outlined and related to the general impact of earthquakes on society. The material then describes building dynamics, such as vibration and resonance, and various techniques to design earthquake resistant buildings. There are some interesting animations that demonstrate important concepts.

2000-01-01

4

Caltech Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory Technical Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Institute of Technology Library System and the Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory provides the Caltech Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory Technical Reports Web site. Visitors will find access to technical reports by browsing the categorized sets from the Center for Research on the Prevention of Natural Disasters, Dynamics Laboratory, Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory, and the Soil Mechanics Laboratory, as well as the section entitled Policy Documents. The materials can also be viewed by year (going back to 1952) or fully searched to gain access to the full-text reports, which include offerings like Impact of Seismic Risk on Lifetime Property Values. Although the topics covered are somewhat limited on the site, those interested will appreciate the well organized and informative resources provided.

5

1 INTRODUCTION The earthquake engineering research in China  

E-print Network

1 INTRODUCTION The earthquake engineering research in China started latter than in advanced earthquake prone countries but had a commendable inception through learning from the achievements of foreign on earthquake engineering is an outstanding example among them. Both of the partners have gained benefits from

Spencer Jr., B.F.

6

Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1986, the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER) is located at the State University of New York at Buffalo. MCEER draws on the expertise of many researchers and industry partners from across the United States, as they are "dedicated to the discovery and development of new knowledge, tools and technologies that equip communities to become more disaster resilient in the face of earthquakes and other extreme events.� The Center receives funding from a wide range of institutions, including the National Science Foundation, the Federal Highway Administration, and the Department of Homeland Security. Along with the usual conference announcements and newsletters that one might expect to find on a homepage of this sort, visitors can also peruse their archive of webcasts, which include such past presentations as "Seismic Analysis of Woodframe Structures" and "Structural Control Technologies". Visitors will not be surprised to find that there are also a number of special reports on Hurricane Katrina that are worth taking a look at here.

7

Earthquake engineering research needs in light of lessons learned from the 2011 Tohoku earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake engineering research and development have received much attention since the first half of the twentieth century. This valuable research presented a huge step forward in understanding earthquake hazard mitigation, which resulted in appreciable reduction of the effects of past earthquakes. Nevertheless, the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and the subsequent tsunami resulted in major damage. This paper presents the timeline of earthquake mitigation and recovery, as seen by the authors. Possible research directions where the authors think that many open questions still remain are identified. These are primarily based on the important lessons learned from the 2011 Tohoku earthquake.

Nakashima, Masayoshi; Lavan, Oren; Kurata, Masahiro; Luo, Yunbiao

2014-08-01

8

Overview of the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER)  

E-print Network

operational after an earthquake--namely hospitals, lifeline systems (water and power distribution networks Research, University at Buffalo, 105 Red Jacket Quad, Buffalo, NY 14261, USA #12;INTRODUCTION at the University at Buffalo, the Center was established in 1986 by the National Science Foundation (NSF

Bruneau, Michel

9

The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute Penn State Student Chapter (EERI-PSU) is a student chapter of the national  

E-print Network

The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute ­ Penn State Student Chapter (EERI-PSU) is a student is based upon promoting earthquake awareness to Penn State's campus and the community. One of the ways EERI chance to spread knowledge. EERI-PSU is heavily committed to expanding earthquake knowledge. One way

Guiltinan, Mark

10

Potential utilization of the NASA/George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in earthquake engineering research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Earthquake engineering research capabilities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) facilities at George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Alabama, were evaluated. The results indicate that the NASA/MSFC facilities and supporting capabilities offer unique opportunities for conducting earthquake engineering research. Specific features that are particularly attractive for large scale static and dynamic testing of natural and man-made structures include the following: large physical dimensions of buildings and test bays; high loading capacity; wide range and large number of test equipment and instrumentation devices; multichannel data acquisition and processing systems; technical expertise for conducting large-scale static and dynamic testing; sophisticated techniques for systems dynamics analysis, simulation, and control; and capability for managing large-size and technologically complex programs. Potential uses of the facilities for near and long term test programs to supplement current earthquake research activities are suggested.

Scholl, R. E. (editor)

1979-01-01

11

Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation (NSF) created the George E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) to give researchers the tools to learn how earthquakes and tsunami impact the buildings, bridges, utility systems and other critical components of today's society. NEES is a network of 15 large-scale, experimental sites linked to a centralized data pool and earthquake simulation software which allows off-site researchers to interact in real time with any of the networked sites.

12

Earthquake Research Reveals New Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief, three-part report focuses on NSF-sponsored earthquake safety projects. The first section is on the Simmillennium Project, which investigates computer earthquake modeling techniques. The second section concentrates on hospitals, which are particularly difficult to retrofit for earthquake safety because of the sophisticated diagnostic and treatment systems they contain. The report also gives news of a safety engineering project for elementary school students created by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center.

2001-01-01

13

University Ss. Cyril and Methodius Institute of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

University Ss. Cyril and Methodius Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology-Skopje SERIES Concluding Workshop, NEES "Earthquake Engineering Research Infrastructures" JRC-Ispra, May 28: Vlatko Sesov Kemal Edip and Julijana Cvetanovska #12;SERIES Concluding Workshop, NEES "Earthquake

14

Promoting reuse of Earthquake Engineering data through the  

E-print Network

Engineering (JEE) ; Reconnaissance, etc. · Haiti Earthquake · Structural Control and Monitoring BenchmarkPromoting reuse of Earthquake Engineering data through the NEEShub Professor JoAnn Browning, University of Kansas SERIES Concluding Workshop Joint with USNEES "Earthquake Engineering Research

15

NISEE: National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering (NISEE) has a huge collection of earthquake data and images for researchers or anyone with a passing interest in these destructive forces. Operated at the University of California, Berkeley, the site has ten "eBooks" that range in topic from introductory earthquake engineering to earthquake risk-reduction measures. A giant database is given on the site with over 100,000 abstracts of research papers and reports. The Structural Engineering Slide Library has many fascinating pictures of notable modern buildings, and the Kozak Historical Image Collection shows artist renderings of many earthquakes that date back over 2,000 years.

16

Researching Intermountain West Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson designed for 7-12th (adaptable for 4-6) grade students. It focuses on earthquakes in the Utah region, but can be adapted to use anywhere. Forty-eight Intermountain West earthquakes that have occurred since 1876 have been researched by Earthquake Education Services (EES). Newspaper articles, individual accounts (diary entries, interviews, letters, etc.), and photographs have been collected. They are a primary data source for scientists and are valuable for anyone interested in learning about earthquakes. These data provide an entertaining, relevant resource for students studying earthquakes. Students select a research question (list provided) and search newspaper articles written about one or more earthquakes for data relevant to the question. Reports could be oral or written. Some of the questions can be reworded to allow students to first develop their own hypothesis, then search for data that supports or disproves the hypothesis.

17

Earthquakes and Earthquake Engineering. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An earthquake is a shaking of the ground resulting from a disturbance in the earth's interior. Seismology is the (1) study of earthquakes; (2) origin, propagation, and energy of seismic phenomena; (3) prediction of these phenomena; and (4) investigation of the structure of the earth. Earthquake engineering or engineering seismology includes the

Buydos, John F., Comp.

18

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July earthquakes, utilizing physics-based models of earthquake rupture and wave propagation, is an area of active between earthquake scientists and engineering users, and testing/rating methodologies for simulated ground

Baker, Jack W.

19

The Challenge of Centennial Earthquakes to Improve Modern Earthquake Engineering  

SciTech Connect

The recent commemoration of the centennial of the San Francisco and Valparaiso 1906 earthquakes has given the opportunity to reanalyze their damages from modern earthquake engineering perspective. These two earthquakes plus Messina Reggio Calabria 1908 had a strong impact in the birth and developing of earthquake engineering. The study of the seismic performance of some up today existing buildings, that survive centennial earthquakes, represent a challenge to better understand the limitations of our in use earthquake design methods. Only Valparaiso 1906 earthquake, of the three considered centennial earthquakes, has been repeated again as the Central Chile, 1985, Ms = 7.8 earthquake. In this paper a comparative study of the damage produced by 1906 and 1985 Valparaiso earthquakes is done in the neighborhood of Valparaiso harbor. In this study the only three centennial buildings of 3 stories that survived both earthquakes almost undamaged were identified. Since for 1985 earthquake accelerogram at El Almendral soil conditions as well as in rock were recoded, the vulnerability analysis of these building is done considering instrumental measurements of the demand. The study concludes that good performance of these buildings in the epicentral zone of large earthquakes can not be well explained by modern earthquake engineering methods. Therefore, it is recommended to use in the future of more suitable instrumental parameters, such as the destructiveness potential factor, to describe earthquake demand.

Saragoni, G. Rodolfo [Department of Civil Engineering, Universidad of Chile (Chile)

2008-07-08

20

The Challenge of Centennial Earthquakes to Improve Modern Earthquake Engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent commemoration of the centennial of the San Francisco and Valparaiso 1906 earthquakes has given the opportunity to reanalyze their damages from modern earthquake engineering perspective. These two earthquakes plus Messina Reggio Calabria 1908 had a strong impact in the birth and developing of earthquake engineering. The study of the seismic performance of some up today existing buildings, that survive centennial earthquakes, represent a challenge to better understand the limitations of our in use earthquake design methods. Only Valparaiso 1906 earthquake, of the three considered centennial earthquakes, has been repeated again as the Central Chile, 1985, Ms = 7.8 earthquake. In this paper a comparative study of the damage produced by 1906 and 1985 Valparaiso earthquakes is done in the neighborhood of Valparaiso harbor. In this study the only three centennial buildings of 3 stories that survived both earthquakes almost undamaged were identified. Since for 1985 earthquake accelerogram at El Almendral soil conditions as well as in rock were recoded, the vulnerability analysis of these building is done considering instrumental measurements of the demand. The study concludes that good performance of these buildings in the epicentral zone of large earthquakes can not be well explained by modern earthquake engineering methods. Therefore, it is recommended to use in the future of more suitable instrumental parameters, such as the destructiveness potential factor, to describe earthquake demand.

Saragoni, G. Rodolfo

2008-07-01

21

Research of new technologies to anti-icing disaster and anti-earthquake in transmission and distribution engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In resent years, China has occurred ice disasters and earthquakes for many times. It directly threatened the security and stability of the power grid. The strategy to ant-ice disasters and anti-earthquake from the design point is discussed in this paper. This paper proposed the idea of using new technologies to improve the disaster preventing ability in transmission and transportation engineering

Yun-Xia Zheng; Jian-Hua Zhang; Jing-Yan Yang; Hai-Feng Su; Yu-Jia Li

2010-01-01

22

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July EARTHQUAKE CHARACTERISTICS WITH TWEETS L. Burks1 *, M. Miller1 *, and R. Zadeh2 ABSTRACT Here we demonstrate a model that combines Tweets following significant earthquakes with basic site and earthquake

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

23

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July and earthquake source characteristics (e.g. source type, magnitude, and distance) obtained from seismic hazard the contribution of interface earthquakes in subduction zones that are known to produce long duration ground

Baker, Jack W.

24

Ninth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Ninth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 26-29 June 2007 EARTHQUAKE DESIGN CODES FOR PAKISTAN: AN OPTION OR A NECESSITY? Masud1 , A. and Elnashai2 , A. S. ABSTRACT The Kashmir earthquake of October 8, 2005 which had a magnitude of 7.6 inflicted a heavy toll on lives

Masud, Arif

25

International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering  

E-print Network

4th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering June 25-28, 2007 Paper No. 1387 of the concept of "macro-element" as a convenient tool for a fast but concise and accurate prediction manuscript, published in "4?? INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EARTHQUAKE GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING

Boyer, Edmond

26

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July hazards, such as earthquakes, is a critical attribute that impacts the magnitude and extent of direct and ground motion prediction equations in conjunction with a ground motion spatial correlation model. Recent

Baker, Jack W.

27

Introduction Earthquake prediction research is based on  

E-print Network

126 Introduction Earthquake prediction research is based on understanding the long-term behaviour a fault is showing a series of earthquakes at regular time intervals and similar in size. These are called characteristic earthquakes and are studied in detail. One example of a characteristic earthquake sequence

Haak, Hein

28

Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Research Institute (ERI) at the University of Tokyo acts as the primary association for fundamental geophysical research in Japan and oversees the Earthquake Predication Center and the Volcanic Eruption Prediction Program. The website offers the latest earthquake and volcano news. While a few of the research projects are described only in Japanese, visitors can learn about the Ocean Hemisphere Network Project, Special Project for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in Urban Areas, and the Marine Seismic Survey. The web site offers links to numerous earthquake databases and to the Institute's many research centers.

29

A Prospect of Earthquake Prediction Research  

E-print Network

Earthquakes occur because of abrupt slips on faults due to accumulated stress in the Earth's crust. Because most of these faults and their mechanisms are not readily apparent, deterministic earthquake prediction is difficult. For effective prediction, complex conditions and uncertain elements must be considered, which necessitates stochastic prediction. In particular, a large amount of uncertainty lies in identifying whether abnormal phenomena are precursors to large earthquakes, as well as in assigning urgency to the earthquake. Any discovery of potentially useful information for earthquake prediction is incomplete unless quantitative modeling of risk is considered. Therefore, this manuscript describes the prospect of earthquake predictability research to realize practical operational forecasting in the near future.

Ogata, Yosihiko

2013-01-01

30

WUSCEEL: Washington University Structural Control and Earthquake Engineering Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Washington University Structural Control and Earthquake Engineering Laboratory (WUSCEEL) hosts an active research group, whose work is documented on this site. The Research section has brief descriptions of several different techniques for controlling building motion during earthquakes, experiments performed in the lab, and seismic issues related to bridges. Accompanying each research summary are several journal papers and technical reports that provide much more in-depth discussions of work done at the lab. A few short video clips are also presented, demonstrating principles of base isolation and damper control.

31

CEE 431 / ESS 465 Winter 2006 Seismology and Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

CEE 431 / ESS 465 Winter 2006 1 Seismology and Earthquake Engineering Instructor: M.O. Eberhard an introduction to seismology and earthquake engineering. The course covers a wide range of topics. For each topic

Eberhard, Marc O.

32

Seismic Shaking and Earthquake Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this exercise, students will investigate the effects of earthquakes on Earth materials and on buildings. Introductory materials discuss seismic shaking (ground motion), material amplification by loose or unconsolidated deposits, and the concept of fundamental period. Using the supplied data tables, they will determine peak ground acceleration, compare ground shaking on bay mud, alluvium, and bedrock substrates, and compare fundamental period for buildings of various heights. They will also examine a case study comparing the 1906 and 1989 earthquakes that struck San Francisco, determine where surficial geology amplified ground shaking, calculate ground acceleration, and calculate base shear for a hypothetical building. Study questions and a bibliography are provided.

Pinter, Nicholas

33

USING THE EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING INTENSITY SCALE TO IMPROVE URBAN AREA EARTHQUAKE EMERGENCY RESPONSE  

E-print Network

USING THE EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING INTENSITY SCALE TO IMPROVE URBAN AREA EARTHQUAKE EMERGENCY distribution estimation of earthquake damage in building stocks is presented. The purpose is to start a strong urban area earthquake. We used a pair of ground motion and building-tag color databases

Irfanoglu, Ayhan

34

Introduction: seismology and earthquake engineering in Mexico and Central and South America.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The results from seismological studies that are used by the engineering community are just one of the benefits obtained from research aimed at mitigating the earthquake hazard. In this issue of Earthquake Information Bulletin current programs in seismology and earthquake engineering, seismic networks, future plans and some of the cooperative programs with different internation organizations are described by Latin-American seismologists. The article describes the development of seismology in Latin America and the seismological interest of the OAS. -P.N.Chroston

Espinosa, A.F.

1982-01-01

35

Earthquake Alerting in California Prof. of Engineering Seismology  

E-print Network

Earthquake Alerting in California Tom Heaton Prof. of Engineering Seismology Caltech #12;Earthquake Alerting ... a different kind of prediction · What if earthquakes were really slow, like the weather? · We could recognize that an earthquake is beginning and then broadcast information on its development

Greer, Julia R.

36

Physical modelling in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering 2: Session Report  

E-print Network

International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics Physical modelling in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering --Manuscript Draft-- Manuscript Number: IJPMG-D-14-00033R1 Full Title: Physical modelling in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering... an important role in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering. It is used to understand failure mechanisms and study the dynamic behaviour of a wide variety of dynamic problems with earthquake and other dynamic loading. As in the previous ICPMG conferences, Perth...

Madabhushi, Gopal

2015-01-01

37

Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)NEED IMPACT STATEMENT  

E-print Network

Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)NEED IMPACT STATEMENT INITIATIVE In October E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation, or NEES, which is an integral component of the U.S. National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP). Purdue's NEEScomm Center serves

Ginzel, Matthew

38

Radon in earthquake prediction research.  

PubMed

The observation of anomalies in the radon concentration in soil gas and ground water before earthquakes initiated systematic investigations on earthquake precursor phenomena. The question what is needed for a meaningful earthquake prediction as well as what types of precursory effects can be expected is shortly discussed. The basic ideas of the dilatancy theory are presented which in principle can explain the occurrence of earthquake forerunners. The reasons for radon anomalies in soil gas and in ground water are clarified and a possible classification of radon anomalies is given. PMID:21669940

Friedmann, H

2012-04-01

39

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2009; 38:16871708  

E-print Network

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2009; 38 quantification of the joint occurrence of ground-motion intensities at several sites, during the same earthquake on the spatial correlation between ground-motion intensities, which is required for the joint prediction

Baker, Jack W.

40

Research on Swedish earthquakes 1980 - 1981  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research on Swedish earthquakes, recorded December 1979-1981 by the digital seismic network in Southern Sweden operated by National Defence Research Institute (FOA) is reported. The high-quality earthquake data produced by this network allows source inversion of all recorded earthquakes. A method based on both first-motion polarities and spectral amplitudes is presented. Besides the fault-plane solution and the seismic moment, also corner frequencies, fault dimensions, stress drops, and peak slip displacements are determined for 53 Swedish earthquakes. Epicentral ground motion is studied and a relation for a two-parametric scaling (seismic moment and stress drop) of the earthquake is proposed and applied to the bedrock peak accelerations. An NW-SE horizontal compression is indicated by the source mechanisms. Quite often, surface topographic lineaments are consistent with the fault-plane solutions. The frequency, epicentral and depth distribution, and peak accelerations are in agreement with previous studies on seismic risk.

Slunga, R.

1982-11-01

41

Center for Earthquake Research and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI) at the University of Memphis. Scientific users can access technical information on earthquakes in the New Madrid zone and central U.S., databases and catalogs, damage reports, and links to other earthquake data. For the general public there is basic information, facts, and frequently asked questions about earthquakes; preparedness tips; a link to request speakers or presentations; and a link to a site where earthquakes can be reported. For eduators there are links to teachers' guides and lesson plans, preparedness tips, and CERI tour information. For graduate students there is information about CERI graduate studies, admissions and application information, and course descriptions.

42

Real-time earthquake monitoring using a search engine method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When an earthquake occurs, seismologists want to use recorded seismograms to infer its location, magnitude and source-focal mechanism as quickly as possible. If such information could be determined immediately, timely evacuations and emergency actions could be undertaken to mitigate earthquake damage. Current advanced methods can report the initial location and magnitude of an earthquake within a few seconds, but estimating the source-focal mechanism may require minutes to hours. Here we present an earthquake search engine, similar to a web search engine, that we developed by applying a computer fast search method to a large seismogram database to find waveforms that best fit the input data. Our method is several thousand times faster than an exact search. For an Mw 5.9 earthquake on 8 March 2012 in Xinjiang, China, the search engine can infer the earthquakes parameters in <1?s after receiving the long-period surface wave data.

Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Haijiang; Chen, Enhong; Zheng, Yi; Kuang, Wenhuan; Zhang, Xiong

2014-12-01

43

Real-time earthquake monitoring using a search engine method  

PubMed Central

When an earthquake occurs, seismologists want to use recorded seismograms to infer its location, magnitude and source-focal mechanism as quickly as possible. If such information could be determined immediately, timely evacuations and emergency actions could be undertaken to mitigate earthquake damage. Current advanced methods can report the initial location and magnitude of an earthquake within a few seconds, but estimating the source-focal mechanism may require minutes to hours. Here we present an earthquake search engine, similar to a web search engine, that we developed by applying a computer fast search method to a large seismogram database to find waveforms that best fit the input data. Our method is several thousand times faster than an exact search. For an Mw 5.9 earthquake on 8 March 2012 in Xinjiang, China, the search engine can infer the earthquakes parameters in <1?s after receiving the long-period surface wave data. PMID:25472861

Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Haijiang; Chen, Enhong; Zheng, Yi; Kuang, Wenhuan; Zhang, Xiong

2014-01-01

44

An Online Platform for Resources and Collaborative Research on Earthquake Source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop the online platform http://equake-rc.info for collaborative research on earthquake sources. The platform has three main features: (1) finite-fault earthquake source models (SRCMOD) database, (2) Source Inversion Validation (SIV) Benchmarks and its Wiki, and (3) software Codes for Earthquake Rupture and ground-motion Simulation (CERS). SRCMOD collects and disseminates source models of past earthquakes. SIV aims at benchmarking the current state-of-the-art in earthquake source inversions and developing robust approaches to quantify uncertainties in the source models. CERS currently has three software packages. These include 'RupGen' for generating synthetic earthquake rupture models, 'Stress2Slip' for computing on-fault static stress changes corresponding to a slip distribution, and 'BB-Simulation' for computing and integrating high frequency synthetics with low frequency waveforms to generate hybrid broadband seismograms. We envision that this online platform will be useful in advancing research on earthquake source processes and earthquake engineering.

Thingbaijam, K. S.; Mai, P. M.

2013-12-01

45

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section VI of...

2012-01-01

46

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section VI of...

2010-01-01

47

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section VI of...

2014-01-01

48

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section VI of...

2013-01-01

49

10 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...Appendix S to Part 50Earthquake Engineering Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants ...before January 10, 1997, the earthquake engineering criteria in Section VI of...

2011-01-01

50

Center for Earthquake Research and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CERI, established in 1977 as the Tennessee Earthquake Information Center, is a Tennessee Board of Regents Center of Excellence at the University of Memphis devoted to understanding the causes and consequences of earthquakes and the structure and evolution of the continental lithosphere. CERI addresses these needs through cutting-edge research, comprehensive graduate student education, operation of state-of-the-art seismic and GPS networks, and dissemination of technical and practical information to the private and public sectors.

Center for Earthquake Research and Information

51

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NETWORK FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING SIMULATION (NEES)  

E-print Network

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NETWORK FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING SIMULATION (NEES) Stephen Mahin1 , Robert Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA; mahin@ce.berkeley.edu. 2 Dept. of Civil

Pancake, Cherri M.

52

Real-time earthquake monitoring using a search engine method.  

PubMed

When an earthquake occurs, seismologists want to use recorded seismograms to infer its location, magnitude and source-focal mechanism as quickly as possible. If such information could be determined immediately, timely evacuations and emergency actions could be undertaken to mitigate earthquake damage. Current advanced methods can report the initial location and magnitude of an earthquake within a few seconds, but estimating the source-focal mechanism may require minutes to hours. Here we present an earthquake search engine, similar to a web search engine, that we developed by applying a computer fast search method to a large seismogram database to find waveforms that best fit the input data. Our method is several thousand times faster than an exact search. For an Mw 5.9 earthquake on 8 March 2012 in Xinjiang, China, the search engine can infer the earthquake's parameters in <1 s after receiving the long-period surface wave data. PMID:25472861

Zhang, Jie; Zhang, Haijiang; Chen, Enhong; Zheng, Yi; Kuang, Wenhuan; Zhang, Xiong

2014-01-01

53

Engineering Research Center Fact Sheets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Curious about the latest developments in bioengineering, microelectronics, or earthquake hazard reduction? Wondering what type of research your tax dollars support? Then have a look at this recent posting from the National Science Foundation's (NSF's) Engineering Research Centers (ERC) Program which supports university research in partnership with industry. Here, users can access project descriptions from a variety of laboratories associated with the ERC. Examples of centers featured include Georgia Tech/ Emory Center for the Engineering of Living Tissues, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Center for Neuromorphic Systems Engineering, and Center for Advanced Engineering Fibers and Films, to name a few. The research pages, available in either HTML or .pdf formats, present research goals, collaborating institutions, facility overviews, technology transfer initiatives, educational outreach projects, and links to contacts. At many of the pages, color photographs and illustrations accompany text. So the next time you are taking a break from work, peruse the NSF's Engineering Research Centers Fact Sheets and get the latest news about federally funded research and technology.

2001-01-01

54

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2001; 30:9951019 (DOI: 10.1002/eqe.49)  

E-print Network

: 10.1002/eqe.49) Real-time model predictive control of structures under earthquakes Gang Mei1 , Ahsan of structures under earthquakes. The MPC scheme is based on an explicit use of a prediction model of the systemEARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2001; 30:9951019 (DOI

Kareem, Ahsan

55

Tsunami and Earthquake Research at the USGS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides access to information on United States Geological Survey (USGS) research and resources on tsunamis and earthquakes. Materials include news and events in USGS tsunami research, an overview of the program, and basic information on the life of a tsunami. There are also links to individual research projects. The site also features an extensive set of tsunami animations of real and hypothetical events, and links to VRML models of real and hypothetical events.

56

Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by The National Science Foundation, the Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) conduct engineered systems-focused interdisciplinary research, linking universities across the United States with industry. The collaborative project exposes "prospective students (both graduate and undergraduate) to industrial views in order to build competence in engineering practice and to produce engineering graduates with the depth and breadth of education needed for success in technological innovation and for effective leadership of interdisciplinary teams throughout their careers." Current centers cover a range of topics including: Microelectronic Systems and Information Technology, Earthquake Engineering, Design and Manufacturing, and Bioengineering. Visitors can read more about the work of the Centers from the extensive Achievements Showcase, or about the ERC concept through a Best Practices Manual on developing a similar university-industry partnership. Curricula developed for graduate and undergraduate instruction, and information on other education programs are also available online.

57

New research and tools lead to improved earthquake alerting protocols  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Whats the best way to get alerted about the occurrence and potential impact of an earthquake? The answer to that question has changed dramatically of late, in part due to improvements in earthquake science, and in part by the implementation of new research in the delivery of earthquake information

Wald, David J.

2009-01-01

58

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Applications to Bridges M. K. Yegian1  

E-print Network

1 Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Applications to Bridges M. K. Yegian1 , Ph.D., P.E., F. ASCE vulnerability of a bridge. Frequently in engineering practice, "conservative" assumptions are employed ABSTRACT Seismic geotechnical investigations for a bridge involve several types of analyses, including

Yegian, Mishac

59

International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering  

E-print Network

be catastrophic for human lives and the infrastructure. Around 20% of the registered landslides are triggered, and Chile strong earthquakes have triggered many slides in volcanic settings (Tibaldi et al., 1995

Hack, Robert

60

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Cypress Street Viaduct  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows an aerial view of a collapsed portion of the Cypress Street Viaduct, an elevated portion of Interstate 880, in Oakland, California. The damage was caused by the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

61

JOINT CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 7th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering (7CUEE) &  

E-print Network

in performance-based earthquake engineering to predict the response of a structure subjected to the earthquake are computed using the Boore and Atkinson (2008) ground-motion prediction model for a scenario earthquake engineering to predict the response of a structure subjected to the earthquake ground motions. It is important

Baker, Jack W.

62

First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th  

E-print Network

1 First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th ECEE & 30th General Assembly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Lifeline earthquake engineering: Proceedings of the fourth U.S. conference  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the conference was to provide a forum for advances in research, practice, investigation and public policy in lifeline earthquake engineering as a discipline and as a component of infrastructure rehabilitation. As such, it recognizes the growing awareness that interaction among lifelines influences losses, community response and recovery. Papers at the conference were presented in sessions on the following topics: bridge analysis and rehabilitation, bridge earthquake damage assessment, bridge hazard assessment and prioritization methods, case studies, electric power and communications, gas and liquid fuels, infrastructure rehabilitation, lifeline interaction, Northridge earthquake, post earthquake investigations, seismic hazards, socio-economic effects, water and sewerage. Paper relating to energy transport and energy distribution systems have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

O`Rourke, M.J. [ed.

1995-12-31

64

International Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (ICEES 2011), NUST, Islamabad, Pakistan  

E-print Network

International Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (ICEES 2011), NUST, Islamabad occurred here [1]. #12;International Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (ICEES 2011), NUST, Islamabad, Pakistan April 25-26, 2011 Considering that seismology and earthquake engineering had taken roots

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake  

E-print Network

Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake on the Seattle Fault Earthquake Engineering Research for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake on the Seattle Fault Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the Washington Military Department Emergency Management Division June 2005 #12;iv Scenario for a Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake

Wilcock, William

66

Introduction: seismology and earthquake engineering in Central and South America.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Reports the state-of-the-art in seismology and earthquake engineering that is being advanced in Central and South America. Provides basic information on seismological station locations in Latin America and some of the programmes in strong-motion seismology, as well as some of the organizations involved in these activities.-from Author

Espinosa, A.F.

1983-01-01

67

GEORGE E. BROWN, JR. NETWORK FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING SIMULATION (NEES)  

E-print Network

. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (nees@UCLA) Site was established to enable field vibration induce weak to strong forced vibration of structures. For small structures, excitation into the nonlinear that can be installed at the ground surface or on a building, bridge, or geo-structures to record

Grether, Gregory

68

Engineering Seismic Base Layer for Defining Design Earthquake Motion  

SciTech Connect

Engineer's common sense that incident wave is common in a widespread area at the engineering seismic base layer is shown not to be correct. An exhibiting example is first shown, which indicates that earthquake motion at the ground surface evaluated by the analysis considering the ground from a seismic bedrock to a ground surface simultaneously (continuous analysis) is different from the one by the analysis in which the ground is separated at the engineering seismic base layer and analyzed separately (separate analysis). The reason is investigated by several approaches. Investigation based on eigen value problem indicates that the first predominant period in the continuous analysis cannot be found in the separate analysis, and predominant period at higher order does not match in the upper and lower ground in the separate analysis. The earthquake response analysis indicates that reflected wave at the engineering seismic base layer is not zero, which indicates that conventional engineering seismic base layer does not work as expected by the term 'base'. All these results indicate that wave that goes down to the deep depths after reflecting in the surface layer and again reflects at the seismic bedrock cannot be neglected in evaluating the response at the ground surface. In other words, interaction between the surface layer and/or layers between seismic bedrock and engineering seismic base layer cannot be neglected in evaluating the earthquake motion at the ground surface.

Yoshida, Nozomu [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tohoku Gakuin University, Tagajo 1-13-1, Miyagi (Japan)

2008-07-08

69

Southern California Earthquake Center--Virtual Display of Objects (SCEC-VDO): An Earthquake Research and Education Tool  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interns in the program Southern California Earthquake Center/Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (SCEC/UseIT, an NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates Site) have designed, engineered, and distributed SCEC-VDO (Virtual Display of Objects), an interactive software used by earthquake scientists and educators to integrate and visualize global and regional, georeferenced datasets. SCEC-VDO is written in Java/Java3D with an extensible, scalable architecture. An increasing number of SCEC-VDO datasets are obtained on the fly through web services and connections to remote databases; and user sessions may be saved in xml-encoded files. Currently users may display time-varying sequences of earthquake hypocenters and focal mechanisms, several 3-dimensional fault and rupture models, satellite imagery - optionally draped over digital elevation models - and cultural datasets including political boundaries. The ability to juxtapose and interactively explore these data and their temporal and spatial relationships has been particularly important to SCEC scientists who are evaluating fault and deformation models, or who must quickly evaluate the menace of evolving earthquake sequences. Additionally, SCEC-VDO users can annotate the display, plus script and render animated movies with adjustable compression levels. SCEC-VDO movies are excellent communication tools and have been featured in scientific presentations, classrooms, press conferences, and television reports.

Perry, S.; Maechling, P.; Jordan, T.

2006-12-01

70

Deep Downhole Seismic Testing for Earthquake Engineering Studies  

SciTech Connect

Downhole seismic testing is one field test that is commonly used to determine compression-wave (P) and shear-wave (S) velocity profiles in geotechnical earthquake engineering investigations. These profiles are required input in evaluations of the responses to earthquake shaking of geotechnical sites and structures at these sites. In the past, traditional downhole testing has generally involved profiling in the 30- to 150-m depth range. As the number of field seismic investigations at locations with critical facilities has increased, profiling depths have also increased. An improved downhole test that can be used for wave velocity profiling to depths of 300 to 600 m or more is presented.

Stokoe, Kenneth H.; Li, Song Cheng; Cox, Brady R.; Menq, Farn-Yuh; Rohay, Alan C.

2008-10-17

71

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

... Matters What's New A - Z Index Disasters & Severe Weather Earthquakes Extreme Heat Floods Hurricanes Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis ... during an earthquake. Be Ready! Earthquakes Disasters & Severe Weather Earthquakes Extreme Heat Floods Hurricanes Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis ...

72

The January 12, 2010, Haiti earthquake: Science and Engineering for Earthquake Resilience (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

On January 12, 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck the Port-au-Prince region of Haiti, killing more than 200,000 people and causing an estimated 8 billion in damages, 120% of the country's GDP. Science and engineering were key to answering pressing questions raised by governement authorities and international agencies in the days and weeks after the event. As Haiti starts its

E. Calais; A. Lerner-Lam; R. Momplaisir; C. Prepetit

2010-01-01

73

Performance-based seismic design of nonstructural building components: The next frontier of earthquake engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the development and implementation of performance-based earthquake engineering, harmonization of performance levels between structural and nonstructural components becomes vital. Even if the structural components of a building achieve a continuous or immediate occupancy performance level after a seismic event, failure of architectural, mechanical or electrical components can lower the performance level of the entire building system. This reduction in performance caused by the vulnerability of nonstructural components has been observed during recent earthquakes worldwide. Moreover, nonstructural damage has limited the functionality of critical facilities, such as hospitals, following major seismic events. The investment in nonstructural components and building contents is far greater than that of structural components and framing. Therefore, it is not surprising that in many past earthquakes, losses from damage to nonstructural components have exceeded losses from structural damage. Furthermore, the failure of nonstructural components can become a safety hazard or can hamper the safe movement of occupants evacuating buildings, or of rescue workers entering buildings. In comparison to structural components and systems, there is relatively limited information on the seismic design of nonstructural components. Basic research work in this area has been sparse, and the available codes and guidelines are usually, for the most part, based on past experiences, engineering judgment and intuition, rather than on objective experimental and analytical results. Often, design engineers are forced to start almost from square one after each earthquake event: to observe what went wrong and to try to prevent repetitions. This is a consequence of the empirical nature of current seismic regulations and guidelines for nonstructural components. This review paper summarizes current knowledge on the seismic design and analysis of nonstructural building components, identifying major knowledge gaps that will need to be filled by future research. Furthermore, considering recent trends in earthquake engineering, the paper explores how performance-based seismic design might be conceived for nonstructural components, drawing on recent developments made in the field of seismic design and hinting at the specific considerations required for nonstructural components.

Filiatrault, Andre; Sullivan, Timothy

2014-08-01

74

Reduction of earthquake risk in the united states: Bridging the gap between research and practice  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Continuing efforts under the auspices of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program are under way to improve earthquake risk assessment and risk management in earthquake-prone regions of Alaska, California, Nevada, Washington, Oregon, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, and Idaho, the New Madrid and Wabash Valley seismic zones in the central United States, the southeastern and northeastern United States, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, and Hawaii. Geologists, geophysicists, seismologists, architects, engineers, urban planners, emergency managers, health care specialists, and policymakers are having to work at the margins of their disciplines to bridge the gap between research and practice and to provide a social, technical, administrative, political, legal, and economic basis for changing public policies and professional practices in communities where the earthquake risk is unacceptable. ?? 1998 IEEE.

Hays, W.W.

1998-01-01

75

Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in earthquakes with an introduction to the subject. Following a section presenting an historical look at the world's major earthquakes, the booklet discusses earthquake-prone geographic areas, the nature and workings of earthquakes, earthquake

Pakiser, Louis C.

76

Paradigms and falsification in earthquake engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Particular reference is made to the works by E. Torroja and by A. M. Freudenthal, that can be seen as the father-works of a new paradigm in the study of structural engineering: the probabilistic approach to structural safety. The key idea of this approach is, according to Freudenthal, the selection of an acceptable risk of failure. The criteria that have

Giuseppe Grandori

1991-01-01

77

Ninth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Walls having light gauge infill plates; (b) Perforated Steel Plate Shear Walls; (c) Buckling Restrained-Span, Self-Centering Systems, Zipper Frames, Buckling-Restrained Braced Frames, Steel Plate Shear Walls engineering community over the past few years. In a first part, this paper focuses on Steel Plate Shear Walls

Bruneau, Michel

78

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2002; 00:16 Prepared using eqeauth.cls [Version: 2002/11/11 v1.00  

E-print Network

EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS Earthquake Engng Struct. Dyn. 2002; 00:1­6 Prepared using eqeauth.cls [Version: 2002/11/11 v1.00] Long-period earthquake ground displacements recorded earthquakes in western North America (Hector Mine, Mw7.1; Denali, Mw7.9; and San Simeon, Mw6.5) have been

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

79

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

An earthquake happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one another. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently, and without warning at any time of the day or night. If an earthquake occurs in a ...

80

Journal of Earthquake Engineering A. S. Elnashai and N. N. Ambraseys  

E-print Network

1 Journal of Earthquake Engineering A. S. Elnashai and N. N. Ambraseys GROUND-MOTION PREDICTION). A set of 201 records from 16 earthquakes were used within the regression. The derived model predicts EQUATIONS BASED ON DATA FROM THE HIMALAYAN AND ZAGROS REGIONS MUKAT LAL SHARMA Department of Earthquake

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

81

Proceedings of the 8 U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 8 th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering April 18-22, 2006, San Francisco, California, USA ASSESSMENT OF GROUND DEFORMATION DUE TO SOIL LIQUEFACTION IN THE SAN JOSE, and earthquakes that occurred during 1868 and 1906. The results calculated for the Loma Prieta earthquake

82

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering (DOI 10.1007/s10518-013-9495-7)  

E-print Network

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering (DOI 10.1007/s10518-013-9495-7) Developing and Testing the Automated Post-Event Earthquake Loss Estimation and Visualisation (APE-ELEV) Technique Anthony Astoul source relying and globally applicable earthquake loss model and visualiser is desirable for post

Rau-Chaplin, Andrew

83

Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an analysis of the causes of earthquakes. Topics discussed include (1) geological and seismological factors that determine the effect of a particular earthquake on a given structure; (2) description of some large earthquakes such as the San Francisco quake; and (3) prediction of earthquakes. (HM)

Walter, Edward J.

1977-01-01

84

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the British Geological Survey, the Earthquakes Web site contains numerous educational topics for kids. Best suited for junior high school students and older, the site contains information on macroseismology (or the observable effects of earthquakes on people, buildings, and nature); seismic hazards; earthquake monitoring; recent and historical earthquakes; and more. Other links on the site include a Questions and Answers page, earthquake references, and additional educational links culminating in an informative and helpful source of online science learning. [JAB

85

Multi-disciplinary Hazard Reduction from Earthquakes and Volcanoes in Indonesia - International Research Cooperation Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indonesian and Japanese researchers started a three-year (2009-2011) multi-disciplinary cooperative research project as a part of "Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development" supported by the Japanese government. The ultimate goal of this project is to reduce disaster from earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanoes by enhancing capability of forecasting hazards, reducing social vulnerability, and education and outreach activity of research outcomes. We plan to provide platform of collaboration among researchers in natural science, engineering and social sciences, as well as officials in national and local governments. Research activities are grouped into: (1) geological and geophysical surveys of past earthquakes, monitoring current crustal activity, and simulation of future ground motion or tsunamis, (2) short-term and long-term prediction of volcanic eruptions by monitoring Semeru, Guntur and other volcanoes, and development of their evaluation method, (3) studies to establish social infrastructure based on engineering technologies and hazard maps, (4) social, cultural and religious studies to reduce vulnerability of local communities, and (5) studies on education and outreach on disaster reduction and restoration of community. In addition, to coordinate these research activities and to utilize the research results, (6) application of the research and establishment of collaboration mechanism between researchers and the government officials is planned. In addition to mutual visits and collaborative field studies, it is planned to hold annual joint seminars (in Indonesia in 2009 and 2011, in Japan in 2010) that will be broadcasted through internet. Meetings with Joint Coordinating Committee, composed of representatives of relevant Indonesian ministries and institutions as well as project members, will be held annually to oversee the activities. The kick-off workshop was held in Bandung in April 2009 and the research plans from 22 different themes were explained and panel discussion was conducted. Then, the project officially started in June 2009. The first plenary workshop was held in October 11-14 in Aceh, Indonesia, at the occasion of Indian Ocean-wide tsunami evacuation drill of IOC (Inter-governmental Oceanographic Commission). Considering that disastrous earthquakes occurred on 2nd September 2009 (Mw7.0) in the south of Java and on 30th September 2009 (Mw7.5) nearby Padang, central Sumatra, special reports for these earthquakes were presented. In particular, the latter earthquake that devastated the city of Padang was of great interest because its epicenter is located in a seismic gap called "Mentawai gap" where a large interplate earthquake is expected to occur in the near future. Research teams from our project were urgently deployed to the area for investigating disasters due to the September 2009 earthquake and trying to find effective countermeasures to the coming larger event.

Kato, Teruyuki

2010-05-01

86

Chemical engineering Research !!  

E-print Network

hydrolysis Improved fermentation Yeast Fermentation technology Hydrolysis Process integration Consider and yeasts. The project leader is VTT, Finland. The department contribution concerns fermentation technologyChemical engineering Research !! www.chemeng.lth.se Updated August 2012 #12;WWT Fermentation

87

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This outline of basic information on earthquakes starts with an explanation of an earthquake, including the forces acting on rock, (tension, compression, and shear) and plastic and elastic deformation of rock. Next, the principle of the seismograph, seismometer, and seismogram along with the three types of seismic waves are discussed. Information is then presented to help the student distinguish between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, describe the world-wide distribution pattern of earthquake activity, and explain the earthquake magnitude (Richter) scale and the Modified Mercalli scale of earthquake intensity. This site also includes an explanation of how the epicenter of an earthquake can be located. There is a discussion of some past earthquakes along with a description of the effects of earthquake activity.

Pamela Gore

88

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson on earthquakes is based on naturalist John Muir's experiences with two significant earthquakes, the 1872 earthquake on the east side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Students will learn to explain that earthquakes are sudden motions along breaks in the crust called faults, and list the major geologic events including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and mountain building, which are the result of crustal plate motions. A downloadable, printable version (PDF) of the lesson plan is available.

89

44444444 00000000 EE-21C, Topic 2: Strong Ground Motion, Engineering Seismology, Earthquake Hazard and Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

TTT222 44444444 00000000 EE-21C, Topic 2: Strong Ground Motion, Engineering Seismology, Earthquake Yugoslav Republic Of (2005)" #12;EE-21C, Topic 2: Strong Ground Motion, Engineering Seismology, Earthquake

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

Earthquake  

MedlinePLUS

... Earthquake App! Text "GETQUAKE" to 90999 or search "Red Cross Earthquake" in the Apple App Store or Google Play . Aplicacin Terremoto - ahora disponible en espaol tambin! Be Red Cross Ready Are you Red Cross Ready? Click ...

91

Earthquakes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the causes and effects of earthquakes, defines the meaning of magnitude (measured on the Richter Magnitude Scale) and intensity (measured on a modified Mercalli Intensity Scale) and discusses earthquake prediction and control. (JR)

Roper, Paul J.; Roper, Jere Gerard

1974-01-01

92

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this exercise we meet in a computer lab and students access the IRIS Earthquake Browser to download geospatial information of earthquakes. Students use the GEON Integrated Data Viewer (IDV) to explore the location of earthquake zones and their 3-dimensional characteristics. Students compare the earthquake characteristics of subduction zones, mid-oceanic ridges, and transform faults. This leads into a discussion of plate tectonics.

Achim Herrmann

93

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students explore the causes of earthquakes and their impact on the geology of an area and on human societies. They begin by looking at the role tectonic plates play in creating the forces that cause earthquakes, to help them understand why earthquakes occur when and where they do. Hands-on activities illustrate how rocks can withstand a certain amount of stress, but that every material has its breaking point. When rocks break underground, an earthquake occurs. In the last section, students explore the impact earthquakes have on humans and look at the efforts scientists are making to better understand and predict these sometimes deadly events.

94

Accessibility of geotechnical earthquake Engineering data and the need for data storage and dissemination standards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ease of data access and data standards are two issues critical to the success of GIS technology when applied to earthquake hazards research problems that require geotechnical engineering and related data. Efforts to reduce data accession costs and to streamline the data exchange process will result in short-term cost and time saving and will add long-term value to the data sets themselves. Such efforts might include centralized data centers, standardized data base designs and formats, cooperative efforts to fill data gaps, and standardized distribution methods and media.

Tarr, Arthur C.

1993-01-01

95

Research Fellow Research School of Engineering  

E-print Network

Resume Wen Zhang Research Fellow Research School of Engineering The Australian National University National University, Canberra, Australia OCE Postdoctoral Fellowship (Feb. 2010-Mar. 2012) CSIRO ProcessD in Electrical Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. Thesis: "Measurement

Zhang, Wen

96

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering Official Publication of the European  

E-print Network

earthquake-induced landslide and flood in the Kashmir Valley, and earthquake damage to Kashmir's Medieval and flood in the Kashmir Valley, and earthquake damage to Kashmir's Medieval temples Roger Bilham · Bikram Singh Bali Received: 28 April 2013 / Accepted: 12 August 2013 © The Author(s) 2013. This article

Bilham, Roger

97

Proceedings, Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics IV May 18-22, 2008, Sacramento, CA  

E-print Network

Page 1 Proceedings, Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics IV May 18-22, 2008, Sacramento, CA Identification of near-fault velocity pulses and prediction of resulting response spectra Jack at locations near the fault where the earthquake rupture has propagated towards the site. A recently proposed

Baker, Jack W.

98

Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)  

E-print Network

-motion prediction equations (GMPEs) for various earthquake scenarios (Mw6 at 20km, roughly the bestBulletin of Earthquake Engineering manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) Consistency of ground-motion predictions from the past four decades: Peak ground velocity and displacement, Arias

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

99

Earthquakes!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A strong earthquake struck Istanbul, Turkey on Monday, only weeks after a major quake in the same area claimed more than 15,500 lives. This site, from The Why Files (see the August 9, 1996 Scout Report), offers background information on the science of earthquakes, with particular emphasis on the recent tectonic activity in Turkey.

100

First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th  

E-print Network

1 First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th ECEE & 30th General Assembly of the ESC), Geneve : Switzerland (2006

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

101

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

... earthquake is the sudden, rapid shaking of the earth, caused by the breaking and shifting of subterranean ... the forces of plate tectonics have shaped the earth, as the huge plates that form the earths ...

102

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To understand P and S waves, to observe some videos of earthquakes, and to find out where and when the last earthquake in Utah was. Print out this worksheet for the questions to accompany the following websites. Worksheet Go to The Earth Layers The Earth's Layers and read the information. Answer the following 4 questions on a separate paper. Name the four layers of the Earth in order from the outside to the center of the Earth. What causes ...

Mrs. Clemons

2010-11-02

103

Concurrent engineering research center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The projects undertaken by The Concurrent Engineering Research Center (CERC) at West Virginia University are reported and summarized. CERC's participation in the Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Project relating to technology needed to improve the product development process is described, particularly in the area of advanced weapon systems. The efforts committed to improving collaboration among the diverse and distributed health care providers are reported, along with the research activities for NASA in Independent Software Verification and Validation. CERC also takes part in the electronic respirator certification initiated by The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, as well as in the efforts to find a solution to the problem of producing environment-friendly end-products for product developers worldwide. The 3M Fiber Metal Matrix Composite Model Factory Program is discussed. CERC technologies, facilities,and personnel-related issues are described, along with its library and technical services and recent publications.

Callahan, John R.

1995-01-01

104

Academic Research Engine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last week, Student Advantage announced its new academic research engine, developed in partnership with Northern Light (see the September 19, 1997 Scout Report). Students can keyword search 25 different subjects either individually or simultaneously. Some features adopted from Northern Light's search engine make Student Advantage likely to reduce, at least, the ratio of student frustration to success when attempting to do Internet research. First, results of an initial search include a sidebar that organizes returns in subject folders allowing users to focus only on those that seem most promising. Second, the "drill and search" feature allows students to then refine their searches within these subject folders. This two-step process mitigates the centrifugal Internet experience most student-researchers encounter. The site also features a listing of online reference sources and a free download of Q-Notes, software for electronic note-taking (for PCs only). (Caveat: Many of the book-length texts listed in results are merely links to Amazon.com, and some of the articles listed are held in Northern Light's fee-based Special Collection.)

105

Reflections from the interface between seismological research and earthquake risk reduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific understanding of earthquakes and their attendant hazards is vital for the development of effective earthquake risk reduction strategies. Within the global disaster reduction policy framework (the Hyogo Framework for Action, overseen by the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), the anticipated role of science and scientists is clear, with respect to risk assessment, loss estimation, space-based observation, early warning and forecasting. The importance of information sharing and cooperation, cross-disciplinary networks and developing technical and institutional capacity for effective disaster management is also highlighted. In practice, the degree to which seismological information is successfully delivered to and applied by individuals, groups or organisations working to manage or reduce the risk from earthquakes is variable. The challenge for scientists is to provide fit-for-purpose information that can be integrated simply into decision-making and risk reduction activities at all levels of governance and at different geographic scales, often by a non-technical audience (i.e. people without any seismological/earthquake engineering training). The interface between seismological research and earthquake risk reduction (defined here in terms of both the relationship between the science and its application, and the scientist and other risk stakeholders) is complex. This complexity is a function of a range issues that arise relating to communication, multidisciplinary working, politics, organisational practices, inter-organisational collaboration, working practices, sectoral cultures, individual and organisational values, worldviews and expectations. These factors can present significant obstacles to scientific information being incorporated into the decision-making process. The purpose of this paper is to present some personal reflections on the nature of the interface between the worlds of seismological research and risk reduction, and the implications for scientists and information delivery.

Sargeant, S.

2012-04-01

106

Seismological Research Letters, 74, 3, May/June 2003, 271-273 Speculations on Earthquake Forecasting  

E-print Network

Seismological Research Letters, 74, 3, May/June 2003, 271-273 OPINION Speculations on Earthquake of stress- monitoring sites could lead to earthquake forecasting analogous to the way networks to be a major advance that offers more hope for forecasting earthquakes than was envisioned in the survey Living

107

A Wavelet Toolkit for Visualization and Analysis of Large Data Sets In Earthquake Research  

E-print Network

A Wavelet Toolkit for Visualization and Analysis of Large Data Sets In Earthquake Research G in earthquake physics and other nonlinear problems in the solid earth geosciences. Keywords: wavelets, visualization, grid computing, collaboration, web-based maps, earthquakes 1 Introduction As in many other fields

Erlebacher, Gordon

108

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an online lesson that can be transferred into a classroom instructional activity by the teacher. This lesson simplifies the concepts while pushing the the higher order thinking concepts with scaffolding all concepts of the layers of the earth, plate tectonics, P and S waves, creating a model of an earthquake. Students enjoy this lesson and have been able to improve on assessment after completing the Earthquake lesson. Teachers will enjoy the online printable worksheets that correlate to the lesson/data sheets and the variety of choices while using the interactive tool for whole group instruction. There are many choices for formative assessment as well as summamtive assessment.

U.S. Geological Survey Joy Lopez, M.A., teacher Scott Hassler, Ph.D. Geologist

2011-10-14

109

Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center at Georgia Tech is "to promote universal access to mobile wireless technologies and explore their innovative applications in addressing the needs of people with disabilities." Anticipating that wireless devices are likely to become an integral part of daily life, with applications ranging from conducting financial transactions to setting a home thermostat, these researchers are working to ensure that people with disabilities are able to use these devices and actively participate in "the information age." Supported by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research of the U.S. Department of Education, the group's research addresses three inter-related projects: Assessment of User Needs, Evaluation of Emerging Technologies, and Policy Initiatives. The website also describes its work in exploring and developing new applications of wireless technologies to support independent living for people with disabilities, such as wearable computing. Related software applications are posted online to download as well as various publications, such as conference proceedings, journal articles, and technical reports.

110

Earthquake research for the safer siting of critical facilities  

SciTech Connect

The task of providing the necessities for living, such as adequate electrical power, water, and fuel, is becoming more complicated with time. Some of the facilities that provide these necessities would present potential hazards to the population if serious damage were to occur to them during earthquakes. Other facilities must remain operable immediately after an earthquake to provide life-support services to people who have been affected. The purpose of this report is to recommend research that will improve the information available to those who must decide where to site these critical facilities, and thereby mitigate the effects of the earthquake hazard. The term critical facility is used in this report to describe facilities that could seriously affect the public well-being through loss of life, large financial loss, or degradation of the environment if they were to fail. The term critical facility also is used to refer to facilities that, although they pose a limited hazard to the public, are considered critical because they must continue to function in the event of a disaster so that they can provide vital services.

Cluff, J.L. (ed.)

1980-01-01

111

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Soft-Story Collapse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows an apartment building in the Marina District of San Francisco, California, that was destroyed by a phenomenon known as soft-story collapse. The damage occurred during the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

112

Researchers demonstrate existence of earthquake supershear phenomenon PASADENA, Calif.--As if folks living in earthquake country didn't already have enough to worry about, scientists  

E-print Network

Researchers demonstrate existence of earthquake supershear phenomenon PASADENA, Calif.--As if folks living in earthquake country didn't already have enough to worry about, scientists have now identified another rupture phenomenon that can occur during certain types of large earthquakes. The only question now

113

Kiyoo Wadati and early research on deep focus earthquakes: Introduction to Special Section on Deep and Intermediate Focus Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special section of the Journal of Geophysical Research is dedicated to Kiyoo Wadati. This paper evaluates his contribution to our knowledge of geophysics and, especially, deep earthquake phenomena. In at least three areas, Wadati wrote several papers before 1936 which profoundly influenced modern geophysics. First, his work provided the first convincing evidence that deep earthquakes existed. Second, he was a leader in the construction of travel time tables and the determination of mantle velocity structure. Finally, he published the first accurate description of the inclined planar zone of deep earthquakes which extends from trenches beneath volcanic island arcs. Wadati's work strongly influenced research of many other scientists both before and after World War II, particularly, Jeffreys, Gutenberg, and Benioff. Several of the questions raised by the research of Wadati and others before 1940 are still unanswered today.

Frohlich, Cliff

1987-12-01

114

World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancouver, B.C., Canada  

E-print Network

be damaged due to earthquakes, severely cold weather, heavy traffic loads on the ground surface, and other technology will serve as a next generation of the current SCADA (System Control and Data Acquisition) systems damage. This will, in turn, make the post-event response (such as emergency repair, firefighting

Shinozuka, Masanobu

115

Earthquake Engineering Online Archive: Column Failure, Cypress Street Viaduct  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This photograph shows structural failure in the Cypress Street Viaduct caused by high intensity ground motions exacerbated by a deep clay soil profile. The column on the left collapsed, causing the upper roadway to fall onto the lower. The damage was caused by the Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989.

116

8CUEE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 8th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

8CUEE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS 8th International Conference on Urban Earthquake Engineering March 7-like force and an opening crack tensile stress, is computed on a temporal scale of microseconds. Results interest in using acoustic techniques to detect damage in instrumented civil structures. An automated

Greer, Julia R.

117

The Role of Science and Engineering in Response and Reconstruction Following the 2010 Haiti Earthquake (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake (M7) provoked a strong interest in assistance, from people worldwide. Scientists and engineers offered their assistance in many forms, including the inspection of buildings and infrastructure to determine their safety for occupancy, and the monitoring of aftershock activity to better locate the causal fault and improve hazard analysis. Disaster specialists usually refer to four

W. D. Pennington

2010-01-01

118

Professor of Engineering. Research Associate.  

E-print Network

J. R. RICE Professor of Engineering. N. LEVY Research Associate. Division of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, R. I. The Part-Through Surface Crack in an Elastic Plate An elastic analysis than plates, is of considerable in- terest in the fracture resistant design of pipelines, reactor

119

Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context  

E-print Network

Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context: Value-Driven Architecting and Design of Engineering Systems Presented by: Dr. Donna H. Rhodes and Dr. Adam M. Ross Massachusetts Topics PART I. Systems Engineering Research in the Engineering Systems Context · Brief Overview

de Weck, Olivier L.

120

Pedagogical Training and Research in Engineering Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ferment in engineering has focused increased attention on undergraduate engineering education, and has clarified the need for rigorous research in engineering education. This need has spawned the new research field of Engineering Education and greatly increased interest in earning Ph.D. degrees based on rigorous engineering education research.

Wankat, Phillip C.

2008-01-01

121

1 INTRODUCTION Earthquake is one of the most serious natural disas-  

E-print Network

1 INTRODUCTION Earthquake is one of the most serious natural disas- ters. Earthquake disaster mitigation is an extremely important subject for mankind. China and US are both earthquake-prone countries University of Technology has engaged in teaching and research on earthquake engineering for a long time

Spencer Jr., B.F.

122

Research Highlights 2008 Department of Structural Engineering  

E-print Network

for Earthquake Engineering Simulation [NEES]), pictured at right, testing a 70-foot wind turbine. F ounded Powell Laboratories, was dedicated in 1986. This multiple-location, multi-million- dollar facility is the Caltrans Seismic Response Modification Device, capable of real-time, six-degrees-of-freedom, located

Wang, Deli

123

Sarah Widder Research Engineer  

E-print Network

measure incremental changes in energy use and environmental factors to determine the technology's effectiveness Simulated occupancy mimics human activity Studies underway to evaluate benefits of triple-SA-87429 Researchers performed baseline testing to verify that the two homes were identically constructed

124

Earthquake prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake prediction research programmes in a number of countries are reviewed together with achievements in various disciplines involved in earthquake prediction research, i.e., geodetic work, tide gauge observation, continuous observation of crustal movement, seismic activity and seismological method, seismic wave velocity, geotectonic work, geomagnetic and geoelectric work and laboratory work and its application in the field. Present-day development of earthquake

Tsuneji Rikitake

1968-01-01

125

Structural engineering for northern Pakistan : indigenous architecture and earthquake resistance  

E-print Network

In the Fall of 1993, a joint project began between architectural designers and engineers, for the design of houses in Karimabad, located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. This thesis records the author's involvement as ...

Su, Jimmy Chi-yi

1995-01-01

126

Earthquake research: Premonitory models and the physics of crustal distortion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Seismic, gravity, and electrical resistivity data, believed to be most relevent to development of earthquake premonitory models of the crust, are presented. Magnetotellurics (MT) are discussed. Radon investigations are reviewed.

Whitcomb, J. H.

1981-01-01

127

Educational Outreach Strategy Involves Students in Earthquake Hazard Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes how students in Alaska are helping scientists study earthquake hazards by conducting global positioning system (GPS) measurements in order to track crustal movements in the Earth's crust. It points out the importance for Alaskan inhabitants of understanding the hazards and physical processes associated with earthquakes, describes how the students located and installed a network of GPS receivers, and how repeated measurements enable scientists to estimate the accumulation of strain and thus the potential for seismic activity in the region.

128

ADVANCED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this manuscript, research on hydrogen internal combustion engines is discussed. The objective of this project is to provide a means of renewable hydrogen based fuel utilization. The development of a high efficiency, low emissions electrical generator will lead to establishing a path for renewable hydrogen based fuel utilization. A full-scale prototype will be produced in collaboration with commercial manufacturers.

Peter Van Blarigan

2000-01-01

129

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

within the School of Engineering, as well as the School of Science, the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, and the Sloan School of Management. This setting offers a robust research and learning Program at MIT. Find out more at http://seari.mit.edu/ SEAri Website 2.0 Launched Websites are proving

de Weck, Olivier L.

130

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

within the School of Engineering, as well as the School of Science, the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, and the Sloan School of Management. This setting offers a robust research and learning on the SEAri website. Given the growing number, a representative "top ten" reading list has been added

de Weck, Olivier L.

131

MIT Space Engineering Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Engineering Research Center (SERC) at MIT, started in Jul. 1988, has completed two years of research. The Center is approaching the operational phase of its first testbed, is midway through the construction of a second testbed, and is in the design phase of a third. We presently have seven participating faculty, four participating staff members, ten graduate students, and numerous undergraduates. This report reviews the testbed programs, individual graduate research, other SERC activities not funded by the Center, interaction with non-MIT organizations, and SERC milestones. Published papers made possible by SERC funding are included at the end of the report.

Crawley, Edward F.; Miller, David W.

1990-01-01

132

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Technology Center, aims to reduce earthquake hazard by defining the locations of future earthquakes, calculating expected ground motions, and conveying this information to the general public. The SCEC¹s homepage contains access to research and data, including links to databases for strong motion and seismograms, and a searchable and sortable bibliographic database of publications. Also available are GPS data and a network of GPS stations. A link to the Earthquake Information Network provides a searchable list of up-to-date internet earthquakes resources. Note, in order to access the SCEC Publications Database, a username and password are required. Use your own name for the username, and enter -webview as the password. SCEC is a first rate resource for earthquake engineers.

133

Applications of research from the U.S. Geological Survey program, assessment of regional earthquake hazards and risk along the Wasatch Front, Utah  

USGS Publications Warehouse

INTERACTIVE WORKSHOPS: ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS RESEARCH AND REDUCTION PROGRAM IN THE WASATCH FRONT, UTAH: Interactive workshops provided the forum and stimulus necessary to foster collaboration among the participants in the multidisciplinary, 5-yr program of earthquake hazards reduction in the Wasatch Front, Utah. The workshop process validated well-documented social science theories on the importance of interpersonal interaction, including interaction between researchers and users of research to increase the probability that research will be relevant to the user's needs and, therefore, more readily used. REDUCING EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS IN UTAH: THE CRUCIAL CONNECTION BETWEEN RESEARCHERS AND PRACTITIONERS: Complex scientific and engineering studies must be translated for and transferred to nontechnical personnel for use in reducing earthquake hazards in Utah. The three elements needed for effective translation, likelihood of occurrence, location, and severity of potential hazards, and the three elements needed for effective transfer, delivery, assistance, and encouragement, are described and illustrated for Utah. The importance of evaluating and revising earthquake hazard reduction programs and their components is emphasized. More than 30 evaluations of various natural hazard reduction programs and techniques are introduced. This report was prepared for research managers, funding sources, and evaluators of the Utah earthquake hazard reduction program who are concerned about effectiveness. An overview of the Utah program is provided for those researchers, engineers, planners, and decisionmakers, both public and private, who are committed to reducing human casualties, property damage, and interruptions of socioeconomic systems. PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EARTHQUAKE MITIGATION POLICIES ALONG THE WASATCH FRONT IN UTAH: The earthquake hazard potential along the Wasatch Front in Utah has been well defined by a number of scientific and engineering studies. Translated earthquake hazard maps have also been developed to identify areas that are particularly vulnerable to various causes of damage such as ground shaking, surface rupturing, and liquefaction. The implementation of earthquake hazard reduction plans are now under way in various communities in Utah. The results of a survey presented in this paper indicate that technical public officials (planners and building officials) have an understanding of the earthquake hazards and how to mitigate the risks. Although the survey shows that the general public has a slightly lower concern about the potential for economic losses, they recognize the potential problems and can support a number of earthquake mitigation measures. The study suggests that many community groups along the Wasatch Front, including volunteer groups, business groups, and elected and appointed officials, are ready for action-oriented educational programs. These programs could lead to a significant reduction in the risks associated with earthquake hazards. A DATA BASE DESIGNED FOR URBAN SEISMIC HAZARDS STUDIES: A computerized data base has been designed for use in urban seismic hazards studies conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey. The design includes file structures for 16 linked data sets, which contain geological, geophysical, and seismological data used in preparing relative ground response maps of large urban areas. The data base is organized along relational data base principles. A prototype urban hazards data base has been created for evaluation in two urban areas currently under investigation: the Wasatch Front region of Utah and the Puget Sound area of Washington. The initial implementation of the urban hazards data base was accomplished on a microcomputer using dBASE III Plus software and transferred to minicomputers and a work station. A MAPPING OF GROUND-SHAKING INTENSITIES FOR SALT LAKE COUNTY, UTAH: This paper documents the development of maps showing a

Gori, Paula L., (Edited By)

1993-01-01

134

Introducing Students to Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA) is one of the world's main laboratories for seismic studies. Besides its research activities, it also aims to bring applied science closer to the public. This article describes teaching activities based on a demonstration shaking table which is used to introduce the structural dynamics of

Anthoine, Armelle; Marazzi, Francesco; Tirelli, Daniel

2010-01-01

135

New center for natural gas engine research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Engines and Energy Conversion Laboratory (EECL) is a comprehensive engine research and development facility, established to address manufacturers and users needs for access to state of the art research and testing environments. In addition to furthering the research of engines ranging from automotive to large stationary pipeline units, the laboratory provides manufacturers with an operational state of the art

Highfill

1994-01-01

136

Restoration after the Sumatra Earthquake Tsunami in Banda Aceh: Based on the Results of Interdisciplinary Researches by Nagoya University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on the results of research by the Sumatra Earthquake Interdisciplinary or Integrated Research Team, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University. This research shows: (1) the Sumatra Earthquake tsunami disaster damage in Banda Aceh can be divided into four areas; (2) the tsunami action was directed left and right by the Banda Aceh topography; (3) within

Makoto Takahashi; Shigeyoshi Tanaka; Reo Kimura; Masatomo Umitsu; Rokuro Tabuchi; Tatsuaki Kuroda; Masataka Ando; Fumiaki Kimata

2007-01-01

137

Mehrdad Negahban, Associate Chair for Graduate Studies and Research Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Mechanics, Materials Engineering, Biomedical Engineering  

E-print Network

Mehrdad Negahban, Associate Chair for Graduate Studies and Research #12;Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Mechanics, Materials Engineering, Biomedical Engineering The graduate program in Mechanical Dynamics and Vibrations Fluid Mechanics Manufacturing Materials Engineering Solid Mechanics

Farritor, Shane

138

From Earthquake Prediction Research to Time-Variable Seismic Hazard Assessment Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first part of the paper defines the terms and classifications common in earthquake prediction research and applications. This is followed by short reviews of major earthquake prediction programs initiated since World War II in several countries, for example the former USSR, China, Japan, the United States, and several European countries. It outlines the underlying expectations, concepts, and hypotheses, introduces the technologies and methodologies applied and some of the results obtained, which include both partial successes and failures. Emphasis is laid on discussing the scientific reasons why earthquake prediction research is so difficult and demanding and why the prospects are still so vague, at least as far as short-term and imminent predictions are concerned. However, classical probabilistic seismic hazard assessments, widely applied during the last few decades, have also clearly revealed their limitations. In their simple form, they are time-independent earthquake rupture forecasts based on the assumption of stable long-term recurrence of earthquakes in the seismotectonic areas under consideration. Therefore, during the last decade, earthquake prediction research and pilot applications have focused mainly on the development and rigorous testing of long and medium-term rupture forecast models in which event probabilities are conditioned by the occurrence of previous earthquakes, and on their integration into neo-deterministic approaches for improved time-variable seismic hazard assessment. The latter uses stress-renewal models that are calibrated for variations in the earthquake cycle as assessed on the basis of historical, paleoseismic, and other data, often complemented by multi-scale seismicity models, the use of pattern-recognition algorithms, and site-dependent strong-motion scenario modeling. International partnerships and a global infrastructure for comparative testing have recently been developed, for example the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) with test regions in California, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, and the Western Pacific. Algorithms and data bases are operated in a permanently learning and upgrading mode. Future perspectives and research requirements and the feasibility and possible problems encountered with the implementation of earthquake predictions in practice are briefly summarized.

Bormann, Peter

2011-01-01

139

(Re)Engineering Research Grants Management (Re)Engineering Research Grants Management  

E-print Network

(Re)Engineering Research Grants Management (Re)Engineering Research Grants Management: From)engineering the activity of research grants management at the Office of Naval Research. We found that we could contribute effective and efficient research funding and research program management, as well as serve the mutual self

Scacchi, Walt

140

UNLVs environmentally friendly Science and Engineering Building is monitored for earthquake shaking  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) Science and Engineering Building is at the cutting edge of environmentally friendly design. As the result of a recent effort by the U.S. Geological Surveys National Strong Motion Project in cooperation with UNLV, the building is now also in the forefront of buildings installed with structural monitoring systems to measure response during earthquakes. This is particularly important because this is the first such building in Las Vegas. The seismic instrumentation will provide essential data to better understand the structural performance of buildings, especially in this seismically active region.

Kalkan, Erol; Savage, Woody; Reza, Shahneam; Knight, Eric; Tian, Ying

2013-01-01

141

Understanding Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article provides a brief description of the recent earthquakes in Pakistan and Sumatra and continues with an investigation of earthquakes and their causes. Topics include the relationship of earthquakes to plate tectonics and the structure of the Earth, especially faults; factors that contribute to the strength (magnitude) of earthquakes; and the uncertainties of earthquake prediction. There is also an overview of a research project to drill into the San Andreas fault, and a history of the development of the theory of plate tectonics. A bibliography and links to additional information are also provided.

David Tenenbaum

1999-09-02

142

Chapter D. The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989 - Earth Structures and Engineering Characterization of Ground Motion  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This chapter contains two papers that summarize the performance of engineered earth structures, dams and stabilized excavations in soil, and two papers that characterize for engineering purposes the attenuation of ground motion with distance during the Loma Prieta earthquake. Documenting the field performance of engineered structures and confirming empirically based predictions of ground motion are critical for safe and cost effective seismic design of future structures as well as the retrofitting of existing ones.

Holzer, Thomas L.

1998-01-01

143

Stochastic Modeling and Simulation of Ground Motions for Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

practice as predictions of future earthquake ground motionsprediction of the model parameters if the earthquake andearthquake and site characteristics is viable and consistent with existing prediction

Rezaeian, Sanaz

2010-01-01

144

Feminist Methodologies and Engineering Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces feminist methodologies in the context of engineering education research. It builds upon other recent methodology articles in engineering education journals and presents feminist research methodologies as a concrete engineering education setting in which to explore the connections between epistemology, methodology and theory.

Beddoes, Kacey

2013-01-01

145

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes is a collaborative project of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), the Consortia of Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering (CUREE) and the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). This digital library organizes earthquake information online as a partner with the NSF-funded National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Digital Library (NSDL) and the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE). When complete, information and resources for over 500 Earth science and engineering topics will be included, with connections to curricular materials useful for teaching Earth Science, engineering, physics and mathematics. Although conceived primarily as an educational resource, the Encyclopedia is also a valuable portal to anyone seeking up-to-date earthquake information and authoritative technical sources. "E3" is a unique collaboration among earthquake scientists and engineers to articulate and document a common knowledge base with a shared terminology and conceptual framework. It is a platform for cross-training scientists and engineers in these complementary fields and will provide a basis for sustained communication and resource-building between major education and outreach activities. For example, the E3 collaborating organizations have leadership roles in the two largest earthquake engineering and earth science projects ever sponsored by NSF: the George E. Brown Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (CUREE) and the EarthScope Project (IRIS and SCEC). The E3 vocabulary and definitions are also being connected to a formal ontology under development by the SCEC/ITR project for knowledge management within the SCEC Collaboratory. The E3 development system is now fully operational, 165 entries are in the pipeline, and the development teams are capable of producing 20 new, fully reviewed encyclopedia entries each month. Over the next two years teams will complete 450 entries, which will populate the E3 collection to a level that fully spans earthquake science and engineering. Scientists, engineers, and educators who have suggestions for content to be included in the Encyclopedia can visit www.earthquake.info now to complete the "Suggest a Web Page" form.

Benthien, M.; Marquis, J.; Jordan, T.

2003-12-01

146

Graduate Research Opportunities in Transportation Engineering  

E-print Network

members. Most projects are externally sponsored, allowing students to receive tuition Research Electives offered in Bridge Engineering Fate and Transport of Organic Pollutants Finite Planning Prestressed Concrete Design Sustainable design in engineering Principles of Non

Rusu, Adrian

147

Stirling Laboratory Research Engine: Preprototype configuration report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of a simple Stirling research engine that could be used by industrial, university, and government laboratories was studied. The conceptual and final designs, hardware fabrication and the experimental validation of a preprototype stirling laboratory research engine (SLRE) were completed. Also completed was a task to identify the potential markets for research engines of this type. An analytical effort was conducted to provide a stirling cycle computer model. The versatile engine is a horizontally opposed, two piston, single acting stirling engine with a split crankshaft drive mechanism; special instrumentation is installed at all component interfaces. Results of a thermodynamic energy balance for the system are reported. Also included are the engine performance results obtained over a range of speeds, working pressures, phase angles and gas temperatures. The potential for a stirling research engine to support the laboratory requirements of educators and researchers was demonstrated.

Hoehn, F. W.

1982-02-01

148

Comment on ``Coupling Semantics and Science in Earthquake Research''  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kelin Wang and Timothy Dixon (Eos, 85(18), 4 May 2004, p. 180) thoughtfully advocate paying close attention to semantics in descriptions of fault zone properties and kinematics, an increasingly important issue given the distinct usages of terms such as ``coupling'' by separate disciplines involved in the multidisciplinary study of earthquake faulting. We are in full accord with their advocacy of unambiguous language, such as the description of a nonsliding fault segment as being ``not slipping'' rather than ``strongly coupled'' in the absence of any information about the frictional or stress state of that segment. While several of Wang and Dixon's recommended ``simple expressions'' have clear merits, we feel that their advocacy of ``locked'' to equate to ``not slipping'' is not an improvement, and that their accompanying illustration of dislocation models of subduction zone megathrusts is potentially misleading. Wang and Dixon critique a simple, one-dimensional dislocation model for an interplate thrust event, for which conventional thinking is that the principle seismogenic zone is not sliding between earthquake ruptures but that there is steady sliding occurring along the shallow and deep extensions of the thrust plane. These stable sliding portions of the fault plane are assumed to be regions of velocity-strengthening frictional conditions; they accommodate relative plate motions without earthquake failure, although portions may be conditionally stable, driven to failure by the high strain rates (large changes in slip velocity) that accompany rupture of the main seismogenic zone. Wang and Dixon argue that this model is ``incorrect'' and that the updip region is not slipping steadily, and should be viewed as ``locked,'' along with the unstable sliding region. They invoke an analogy involving a book on a level table with no shear stress being applied; and it is correctly asserted that this stable equilibrium state does not allow strength or nature of frictional coupling to be deduced. However, this analogy seems irrelevant to the situation of interplate thrust faults, which are not in a state of stable equilibrium and are being continuously loaded by forces associated with slab-pull, ridge-push, and lateral loading by slip of adjacent segments both along the strike and dip of the megathrust.

Lay, Thorne; Schwartz, Susan Y.

2004-09-01

149

Scientific Research Database of the 2008 Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearly 5 years after the 2008 Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake, the Ms7.0 Lushan earthquake stroke 70km away along the same fault system. Given the tremendous life loss and property damages as well as the short time and distance intervals between the two large magnitude events, the scientific probing into their causing factors and future seismic activities in the nearby region will continue to be in the center of earthquake research in China and even the world for years to come. In the past five years, scientists have made significant efforts to study the Wenchuan earthquake from various aspects using different datasets and methods. Their studies cover a variety of topics including seismogenic environment, earthquake precursors, rupture process, co-seismic phenomenon, hazard relief, reservoir induced seismicity and more. These studies have been published in numerous journals in Chinese, English and many other languages. In addition, 54 books regarding to this earthquake have been published. The extremely diversified nature of all publications makes it very difficult and time-consuming, if not impossible, to sort out information needed by individual researcher in an efficient way. An information platform that collects relevant scientific information and makes them accessible in various ways can be very handy. With this mission in mind, the Earthquake Research Group in the Chengdu University of Technology has developed a website www.wceq.org to attack this target: (1) articles published by major journals and books are recorded into a database. Researchers will be able to find articles by topics, journals, publication dates, authors and keywords e.t.c by a few clicks; (2) to fast track the latest developments, researchers can also follow upon updates in the current month, last 90days, 180 days and 365 days by clicking on corresponding links; (3) the modern communication tools such as Facebook, Twitter and their Chinese counterparts are accommodated in this site to share favorite research information with friends; (4) This site also serves as a bridge between readers and authors by providing messaging boards in many forms; (5) we also track relevant meeting presentations, ongoing researches as well as earthquake-related news; (6) furthermore, we also collect publications of earthquakes in the eastern Tibetan plateau and selected ones from other regions for comparison purpose. After nearly one year of operation, the database has been growing steadily with time and the major functionalities have been well developed and stabilized. Up to August 6 2013, totally 847 papers have been collected in our database. Among them 673, 21 and 153 papers are of Wenchuan, Lushan and Tohoko earthquake in interest, respectively. For the Wenchuan earthquake articles, nearly 10%, 20%, 25%,15%, 15% are of studies in seismogenic environment, precursors, rupture process, hazard relief and aftershocks & coseismic events, respectively. Built upon the ever growing database, the next move would be to do more analysis. One ongoing project would be to collect figures from articles that are of special interest to people in the field. A parallel project will also start to extend the database to include Tibetan Plateau studies.

Liang, C.; Yang, Y.; Yu, Y.

2013-12-01

150

University of California, Berkeley Department of Industrial Engineering & Operations Research  

E-print Network

University of California, Berkeley Department of Industrial Engineering & Operations Research Faculty Position in IEOR The DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & OPERATIONS RESEARCH at University systems. A doctorate or equivalent in Industrial Engineering, Operations Research, Systems Engineering

O'Brien, James F.

151

78 FR 48659 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting: September...availability of space, the Board on Coastal Engineering Research meeting is open to the...

2013-08-09

152

Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 26 (2006) 708717 Effects of rainfall on soilstructure system frequency: Examples based  

E-print Network

to the environmental factors. Due to the low spatial density of sensors in most instrumented structures, the short time span of recording in the well-instrumented structures and the narrow specializa- tion of expertsSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 26 (2006) 708­717 Effects of rainfall on soil­structure

Southern California, University of

153

Engineering Research in Irish Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the main findings and recommendations of a report published in December 2010 by the Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE). The report, representing the views of a committee of distinguished Irish engineers from a wide range of disciplines, addresses the role of engineering research in Ireland's economic development and the

Kelly, John

2011-01-01

154

EngineeringResearch2011 MICHIGAN TECH  

E-print Network

: engineering@mtu.edu www.engineering.mtu.edu Timothy J. Schulz Dave House Professor and Dean Carl L. Anderson S. Komar Kawatra Tony N. Rogers (interim) Chemical Engineering Daniel R. Fuhrmann Electrical. Schulz Dave House Professor and Dean Carl L. Anderson Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies

155

Simulated Performance of Steel Moment-Resisting Frame Buildings in the ,**-Tokachi-oki Earthquake  

E-print Network

Simulated Performance of Steel Moment-Resisting Frame Buildings in the ,**- Tokachi-oki Earthquake Thomas Heaton, Jing Yang and John Hall Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory, California Institute +33. UBC) for ground motions recorded in the ,**- Tokachi-oki earthquake. We consider buildings

Greer, Julia R.

156

Research Trends with Cross Tabulation Search Engine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help researchers in building a knowledge foundation of their research fields which could be a time-consuming process, the authors have developed a Cross Tabulation Search Engine (CTSE). Its purpose is to assist researchers in 1) conducting research surveys, 2) efficiently and effectively retrieving information (such as important researchers,

Yin, Chengjiu; Hirokawa, Sachio; Yau, Jane Yin-Kim; Hashimoto, Kiyota; Tabata, Yoshiyuki; Nakatoh, Tetsuya

2013-01-01

157

First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (a joint event of the 13th  

E-print Network

Engineering Research, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA. Tel.: 716-645-3391 2 Professor, Department of Civil, Structural, and Environmental Engineering, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA designed to provide a standardized service, such as a power grid, or a water distribution network

Bruneau, Michel

158

2001 Bhuj, India, earthquake engineering seismoscope recordings and Eastern North America ground-motion attenuation relations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Engineering seismoscope data collected at distances less than 300 km for the M 7.7 Bhuj, India, mainshock are compatible with ground-motion attenuation in eastern North America (ENA). The mainshock ground-motion data have been corrected to a common geological site condition using the factors of Joyner and Boore (2000) and a classification scheme of Quaternary or Tertiary sediments or rock. We then compare these data to ENA ground-motion attenuation relations. Despite uncertainties in recording method, geological site corrections, common tectonic setting, and the amount of regional seismic attenuation, the corrected Bhuj dataset agrees with the collective predictions by ENA ground-motion attenuation relations within a factor of 2. This level of agreement is within the dataset uncertainties and the normal variance for recorded earthquake ground motions.

Cramer, C.H.; Kumar, A.

2003-01-01

159

Engineering Research Centers: A Partnership for Competitiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication consists of colorful data sheets on the National Science Foundation's Engineering Research Centers (ERC) Program, a program designed to strengthen the competitiveness of U.S. industries by bringing new approaches and goals to academic engineering research and education. The main elements of the ERC mission are cross-disciplinary

National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.

160

Engineering and Applied Science, Recent Research Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains abstracts of technical reports and journal articles resulting from research funded by the National Science Foundation. Included in the collection are abstracts arranged in several categories: (1) electrical, computer, and systems engineering; (2) civil and mechanical engineering; (3) applied research; (4) problem-focused

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate of Engineering and Applied Science.

161

Future Research in Adipose Stem Cell Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Adipose stem cells have a bright prospect in regenerative medicine for tissue\\/organ engineering. However, some hurdles may\\u000a hinder the progress of adipose stem cell engineering. Therefore this chapter highlights the advances in adipose stem cell\\u000a researches, and focuses on prospective researches that are needed to overcome the hurdles in adipose stem cell engineering,\\u000a i.e., to identify the various stem cells

Jeanne Adiwinata Pawitan

162

Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab (CRREL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab (CRREL), a facility of the US Army Corps of Engineers, is to "gain knowledge of the cold regions [32 degrees Fahrenheit or 0 degrees Celsius] through scientific and engineering research -- and put that knowledge to work for the Corps of Engineers, the Army, the Department of Defense, and the nation." Research of these cold regions is largely centered in the earth sciences including atmospheric and ocean sciences along with the basic physical sciences. Examples of research that CRREL has conducted for the National Science Foundation (NSF) or NSF-funded university partners in the Antarctic are Field Studies and Modeling of the Breakup of Antarctic Sea Ice, Theoretical Modeling of Seismic Noise Propagation at the South Pole, and Near-Surface Processes Affecting Gas Exchange: West Antarctic Ice Sheet, among others. Sections included at the site are About CRREL, Research & Engineering, Technical Information, Technology Transfer, and links to related sites.

163

Writing good software engineering research papers: minitutorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software engineering researchers solve problems of several different kinds. To do so, they produce several different kinds of results, and they should develop appropriate evidence to validate these results. They often report their research in conference papers. I analyzed the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identify the types of research reported in the submitted

Mary Shaw

2003-01-01

164

Writing Good Software Engineering Research Papers Minitutorial  

E-print Network

Writing Good Software Engineering Research Papers Minitutorial MaryShaw Carnegie Mellon University evidence to validate these results. They often report their research in conference papers. I analyzed the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identi~ the types of research reported

165

Defeating Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2004 M=9.2 Sumatra earthquake claimed what seemed an unfathomable 228,000 lives, although because of its size, we could at least assure ourselves that it was an extremely rare event. But in the short space of 8 years, the Sumatra quake no longer looks like an anomaly, and it is no longer even the worst disaster of the Century: 80,000 deaths in the 2005 M=7.6 Pakistan quake; 88,000 deaths in the 2008 M=7.9 Wenchuan, China quake; 316,000 deaths in the M=7.0 Haiti, quake. In each case, poor design and construction were unable to withstand the ferocity of the shaken earth. And this was compounded by inadequate rescue, medical care, and shelter. How could the toll continue to mount despite the advances in our understanding of quake risk? The world's population is flowing into megacities, and many of these migration magnets lie astride the plate boundaries. Caught between these opposing demographic and seismic forces are 50 cities of at least 3 million people threatened by large earthquakes, the targets of chance. What we know for certain is that no one will take protective measures unless they are convinced they are at risk. Furnishing that knowledge is the animating principle of the Global Earthquake Model, launched in 2009. At the very least, everyone should be able to learn what his or her risk is. At the very least, our community owes the world an estimate of that risk. So, first and foremost, GEM seeks to raise quake risk awareness. We have no illusions that maps or models raise awareness; instead, earthquakes do. But when a quake strikes, people need a credible place to go to answer the question, how vulnerable am I, and what can I do about it? The Global Earthquake Model is being built with GEM's new open source engine, OpenQuake. GEM is also assembling the global data sets without which we will never improve our understanding of where, how large, and how frequently earthquakes will strike, what impacts they will have, and how those impacts can be lessened by our actions. Using these global datasets will help to make the model as uniform as possible. The model must be built by scientists in the affected countries with GEM's support, augmented by their insights and data. The model will launch in 2014; to succeed it must be open, international, independent, and continuously tested. But the mission of GEM is not just the likelihood of ground shaking, but also gaging the economic and social consequences of earthquakes, which greatly amplify the losses. For example, should the municipality of Istanbul retrofit schools, or increase its insurance reserves and recovery capacity? Should a homeowner in a high-risk area move or strengthen her building? This is why GEM is a public-private partnership. GEM's fourteen public sponsors and eight non-governmental organization members are standing for the developing world. To extend GEM into the financial world, we draw upon the expertise of companies. GEM's ten private sponsors have endorsed the acquisition of public knowledge over private gain. In a competitive world, this is a courageous act. GEM is but one link in a chain of preparedness: from earth science and engineering research, through groups like GEM, to mitigation, retrofit or relocate decisions, building codes and insurance, and finally to prepared hospitals, schools, and homes. But it is a link that our community can make strong.

Stein, R. S.

2012-12-01

166

NASA Propulsion Engineering Research Center, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On 8-9 Sep. 1993, the Propulsion Engineering Research Center (PERC) at The Pennsylvania State University held its Fifth Annual Symposium. PERC was initiated in 1988 by a grant from the NASA Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology as a part of the University Space Engineering Research Center (USERC) program; the purpose of the USERC program is to replenish and enhance the capabilities of our Nation's engineering community to meet its future space technology needs. The Centers are designed to advance the state-of-the-art in key space-related engineering disciplines and to promote and support engineering education for the next generation of engineers for the national space program and related commercial space endeavors. Research on the following areas was initiated: liquid, solid, and hybrid chemical propulsion, nuclear propulsion, electrical propulsion, and advanced propulsion concepts.

1993-01-01

167

Proceedings of the 8 U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT During the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, liquefaction-induced lateral spreading and resultant histories. A case history from the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake is utilized to demonstrate the ability fires that destroyed large portions of San Francisco in the wake of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. 1

168

A Bibliometric Analysis of Climate Engineering Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The past five years have seen a dramatic increase in the number of media and scientific publications on the topic of climate engineering, or geoengineering, and some scientists are increasingly calling for more research on climate engineering as a possible supplement to climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. In this context, understanding the current state of climate engineering research can help inform policy discussions and guide future research directions. Bibliometric analysis - the quantitative analysis of publications - is particularly applicable to fields with large bodies of literature that are difficult to summarize by traditional review methods. The multidisciplinary nature of the published literature on climate engineering makes it an ideal candidate for bibliometric analysis. Publications on climate engineering are found to be relatively recent (more than half of all articles during 1988-2011 were published since 2008), include a higher than average percentage of non-research articles (30% compared with 8-15% in related scientific disciplines), and be predominately produced by countries located in the Northern Hemisphere and speaking English. The majority of this literature focuses on land-based methods of carbon sequestration, ocean iron fertilization, and solar radiation management and is produced with little collaboration among research groups. This study provides a summary of existing publications on climate engineering, a perspective on the scientific underpinnings of the global dialogue on climate engineering, and a baseline for quantitatively monitoring the development of climate engineering research in the future.

Belter, C. W.; Seidel, D. J.

2013-12-01

169

Summaries of FY 1994 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1994; it provides a summary of each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists.

Not Available

1994-12-01

170

Stirling laboratory research engine survey report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As one step in expanding the knowledge relative to and accelerating the development of Stirling engines, NASA, through the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), is sponsoring a program which will lead to a versatile Stirling Laboratory Research Engine (SLRE). An objective of this program is to lay the groundwork for a commercial version of this engine. It is important to consider, at an early stage in the engine's development, the needs of the potential users so that the SLRE can support the requirements of educators and researchers in academic, industrial, and government laboratories. For this reason, a survey was performed, the results of which are described.

Anderson, J. W.; Hoehn, F. W.

1979-01-01

171

Directions in automotive engine research and development  

SciTech Connect

The advent of high fuel costs and automotive fuel economy and emission regulations has cast doubt on the economic superiority and even the technical feasibility of conventional spark ignition and diesel engines, and has opened the field to other concepts. The emission regulations and their effect on the design and efficiency of conventional engines are reviewed, the research and development effort to improve the performance of conventional engines and to develop advanced engines is discussed, and the current status of these engines is presented.

Samuels, G.

1980-01-01

172

75 FR 62113 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting: October...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2010-10-07

173

77 FR 3240 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. DATES: Date of Meeting...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2012-01-23

174

FY08 Engineering Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2008. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: 'Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow.' Engineering's mission is carried out through basic research and technology development. Research is the vehicle for creating competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class groundwork to be fully understood. Our technology efforts are discipline-oriented, preparing research breakthroughs for broader application to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for technology-based projects is 'reduction to practice.' As we pursue this two-pronged approach, an enormous range of technological capabilities result. This report combines our work in research and technology into one volume, organized into thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation. Our investments in these areas serve not only known programmatic requirements of today and tomorrow, but also anticipate the breakthrough engineering innovations that will be needed in the future.

Minichino, C; McNichols, D

2009-02-24

175

The NASA hypersonic research engine program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview is provided of the NASA Hypersonic Research Engine Program. The engine concept is described which was evolved, and the accomplishments of the program are summarized. The program was undertaken as an in-depth program of hypersonic airbreathing propulsion research to provide essential inputs to future prototype engine development and decision making. An airbreathing liquid hydrogen fueled research oriented scramjet was to be developed to certain performance goals. The work was many faceted, required aerodynamic design evaluation, structures development, and development of flight systems such as the fuel and control system, but the main objective was the study of the internal aerothermodynamics of the propulsion system.

Rubert, Kennedy F.; Lopez, Henry J.

1992-01-01

176

Graduate engineering research participation in aeronautics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Aeronautics Graduate Research Program commenced in 1971, with the primary goal of engaging students who qualified for regular admission to the Graduate School of Engineering at Old Dominion University in a graduate engineering research and study program in collaboration with NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. The format and purposes of this program are discussed. Student selection and program statistics are summarized. Abstracts are presented in the folowing areas: aircraft design, aerodynamics, lift/drag characteristics; avionics; fluid mechanics; solid mechanics; instrumentation and measurement techniques; thermophysical properties experiments; large space structures; earth orbital dynamics; and environmental engineering.

Roberts, A. S., Jr.

1986-01-01

177

2011 TOHOKUCHIHOTAIHEIYOU OKI EARTHQUAKE  

E-print Network

2011 TOHOKUCHIHOTAIHEIYOU OKI EARTHQUAKE M. HORI Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo Seminar on the Honshu Earthquake & Tsunami UCL Institute for Risk & Disaster Reduction March 24, 2011 #12;Earthquake Details · Magnitude in Richter scale 9.0 · Moment Magnitude 9.0 · Location 38.03N, 143.15E · Depth

Guillas, Serge

178

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

179

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Stirling engine research at Argonne National Laboratory has been focused at (1) development of mathematical models and analytical tools for predicting component and engine performance, and (2) experimental research into fundamental heat transfer and fluid flow phenomena occurring in Stirling cycle devices. A result of the analytical effort has been the formation of a computer library specifically for Stirling engine researchers and developers. The library contains properties of structural materials commonly used, thermophysical properties of several working fluids, correlations for heat transfer calculations and general specifications of mechanical arrangements (including various drive mechanisms) that can be utilized to model a particular engine. The library also contains alternative modules to perform analysis at different levels of sophistication, including design optimization. A reversing flow heat transfer facility is operating at Argonne to provide data at prototypic Stirling engine operating conditions under controlled laboratory conditions. This information is needed to validate analytical models.

Holtz, R.E.; Daley, J.G.; Roach, P.D.

1986-06-01

180

Writing Good Software Engineering Research Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

What concrete evidence shows that your result Software engineering researchers solve problems of several different kinds. To do so, they produce several different kinds of results, and they should develop appropriate evidence to validate these results. They often report their research in conference papers. I analyzed the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identify

Mary Shaw

2003-01-01

181

Mr. Jamie Gertsch Research Engineer, Vehicle Dynamics  

E-print Network

Mr. Jamie Gertsch Research Engineer, Vehicle Dynamics DaimlerChrysler Research and Technology NorthChrysler Research and Technology in areas of common interest, I am happy to summarize the results of our analysis segments with a concentration of rollover crashes. In a more detailed analysis, we would likely scan

Bertini, Robert L.

182

78 FR 16357 - Research, Engineering and Development Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Federal Aviation Administration Research, Engineering and Development Advisory Committee AGENCY...given of a meeting of the FAA Research, Engineering and Development (R,E&D) Advisory...Name: Research, Engineering & Development Advisory Committee....

2013-03-14

183

FY06 Engineering Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the core research, development, and technology accomplishments in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2006. These efforts exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of developing and applying the technologies needed to support the Laboratory's national security missions. A partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, Engineering has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources developed through both internal and external venues. These accomplishments embody Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow''. Engineering's investment in technologies is carried out primarily through two internal programs: the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program and the technology base, or ''Tech Base'', program. LDRD is the vehicle for creating technologies and competencies that are cutting-edge, or require discovery-class research to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to prepare those technologies to be more broadly applicable to a variety of Laboratory needs. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice''. Thus, LDRD reports have a strong research emphasis, while Tech Base reports document discipline-oriented, core competency activities. This report combines the LDRD and Tech Base summaries into one volume, organized into six thematic technical areas: Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Measurement Technologies; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Precision Engineering; Engineering Systems for Knowledge and Inference; and Energy Manipulation.

Minichino, C; Alves, S W; Anderson, A T; Bennett, C V; Brown, C G; Brown, W D; Chinn, D; Clague, D; Clark, G; Cook, E G; Davidson, J C; Deri, R J; Dougherty, G; Fasenfest, B J; Florando, J N; Fulkerson, E S; Haugen, P; Heebner, J E; Hickling, T; Huber, R; Hunter, S L; Javedani, J; Kallman, J S; Kegelmeyer, L M; Koning, J; Kosovic, B; Kroll, J J; LeBlanc, M; Lin, J; Mariella, R P; Miles, R; Nederbragt, W W; Ness, K D; Nikolic, R J; Paglieroni, D; Pannu, S; Pierce, E; Pocha, M D; Poland, D N; Puso, M A; Quarry, M J; Rhee, M; Romero, C E; Rose, K A; Sain, J D; Sharpe, R M; Spadaccini, C M; Stolken, J S; Van Buuren, A; Wemhoff, A; White, D; Yao, Y

2007-01-22

184

UC Riverside Engineering Students Receive Research  

E-print Network

(JPFP). NASA and the United Negro College Fund Special Programs jointly administer the program UC Riverside Engineering Students Receive Research Funding Fellowships Encourage New Scholars.ucr.edu) -- Several UC Riverside engineering students will have received funding that will fuel their upcoming

185

SUCCESS OF EPA'S STRATOSPHERIC OZONE ENGINEERING RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper summarizes recent successes in, as well as work in progress (with the cooperation of industry) on, EPA's stratospheric ozone engineering research. he Montreal Protocol and U.S. regulations implementing the Protocol necessitate that engineering solutions be found and imp...

186

Earthquakes in Your State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of Planet Diary and is an online investigation of where earthquakes occur. Students research past earthquakes to see if any have occurred in their region. This activity has an accompanying page of websites for further research.

187

Seismic Safety Margins Research Program, Phase I. Project II: seismic input. Compilation, assessment and expansion of the strong earthquake ground motion data base  

SciTech Connect

A catalog has been prepared which contains information for: (1) world-wide, ground-motion accelerograms, (2) the accelerograph sites where these records were obtained, and (3) the seismological parameters of the causative earthquakes. The catalog is limited to data for those accelerograms which have been digitized and published. In addition, the quality and completeness of these data are assessed. This catalog is unique because it is the only publication which contains comprehensive information on the recording conditions of all known digitized accelerograms. However, information for many accelerograms is missing. Although some literature may have been overlooked, most of the missing data has not been published. Nevertheless, the catalog provides a convenient reference and useful tool for earthquake engineering research and applications.

Crouse, C B; Hileman, J A; Turner, B E; Martin, G R

1980-04-01

188

NASA's Hypersonic Research Engine Project: A review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goals of the NASA Hypersonic Research Engine (HRE) Project, which began in 1964, were to design, develop, and construct a high-performance hypersonic research ramjet/scramjet engine for flight tests of the developed concept over the speed range of Mach 4 to 8. The project was planned to be accomplished in three phases: project definition, research engine development, and flight test using the X-15A-2 research airplane, which was modified to carry hydrogen fuel for the research engine. The project goal of an engine flight test was eliminated when the X-15 program was canceled in 1968. Ground tests of full-scale engine models then became the focus of the project. Two axisymmetric full-scale engine models, having 18-inch-diameter cowls, were fabricated and tested: a structural model and combustion/propulsion model. A brief historical review of the project, with salient features, typical data results, and lessons learned, is presented. An extensive number of documents were generated during the HRE Project and are listed.

Andrews, Earl H.; Mackley, Ernest A.

1994-01-01

189

ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 500, Vol. 46, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 117 SMOOTH SPECTRA OF HORIZONTALAND VERTICAL GROUND  

E-print Network

ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 500, Vol. 46, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 1­17 SMOOTH*** *Seismology Research Center, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran **Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan ***Iran Strong Motion Network, Building

Gupta, Vinay Kumar

190

The California Post-Earthquake Information Clearinghouse: A Plan to Learn From the Next Large California Earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the rush to remove debris after a damaging earthquake, perishable data related to a wide range of impacts on the physical, built and social environments can be lost. The California Post-Earthquake Information Clearinghouse is intended to prevent this data loss by supporting the earth scientists, engineers, and social and policy researchers who will conduct fieldwork in the affected areas

R. Loyd; S. Walter; J. Fenton; S. Tubbesing; M. Greene

2008-01-01

191

Summaries of FY 1991 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the BES Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1991; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The organizational chart for the DOE Office of Energy Research (OER) delineates the six Divisions within the OER Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report we asked the principal investigators to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1991. Major topics covered include fluid mechanics, fracture mechanics, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering.

Not Available

1991-11-01

192

Application of space technology to crustal dynamics and earthquake research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In cooperation with other Federal government agencies, and the governments of other countries, NASA is undertaking a program of research in geodynamics. The present program activities and plans for extension of these activities in the time period 1979-1985 are described. The program includes operation of observatories for laser ranging to the Moon and to artificial satellites, and radio observatories for very long baseline microwave interferometry (VLBI). These observatories are used to measure polar motion, earth rotation, and tectonic plate movement, and serve as base stations for mobile facilities. The mobile laser ranging and VLBI facilities are used to measure crustal deformation in tectonically active areas.

1979-01-01

193

The effects of earthquake measurement concepts and magnitude anchoring on individuals' perceptions of earthquake risk  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of this research is to explore earthquake risk perceptions in California. Specifically, we examine the risk beliefs, feelings, and experiences of lay, professional, and expert individuals to explore how risk is perceived and how risk perceptions are formed relative to earthquakes. Our results indicate that individuals tend to perceptually underestimate the degree that earthquake (EQ) events may affect them. This occurs in large part because individuals' personal felt experience of EQ events are generally overestimated relative to experienced magnitudes. An important finding is that individuals engage in a process of "cognitive anchoring" of their felt EQ experience towards the reported earthquake magnitude size. The anchoring effect is moderated by the degree that individuals comprehend EQ magnitude measurement and EQ attenuation. Overall, the results of this research provide us with a deeper understanding of EQ risk perceptions, especially as they relate to individuals' understanding of EQ measurement and attenuation concepts. ?? 2005, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Celsi, R.; Wolfinbarger, M.; Wald, D.

2005-01-01

194

7th U.S. / Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research: Abstract Volume and Technical Program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. / Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Panel on Earthquake Research promotes advanced study toward a more fundamental understanding of the earthquake process and hazard estimation. The Panel promotes basic and applied research to improve our understanding of the causes and effects of earthquakes and to facilitate the transmission of research results to those who implement hazard reduction measures on both sides of the Pacific and around the world. Meetings are held every other year, and alternate between countries with short presentation on current research and local field trips being the highlights. The 5th Joint Panel meeting was held at Asilomar, California in October, 2004. The technical sessions featured reports on the September 28, 2004 Parkfield, California earthquake, progress on earthquake early warning and rapid post-event assessment technology, probabilistic earthquake forecasting and the newly discovered phenomenon of nonvolcanic tremor. The Panel visited the epicentral region of the M 6.0 Parkfield earthquake and viewed the surface ruptures along the San Andreas Fault. They also visited the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD), which had just completed the first phase of drilling into the fault. The 6th Joint Panel meeting was held in Tokushima, Japan in November, 2006. The meeting included very productive exchanges of information on approaches to systematic observation of earthquake processes. Sixty eight technical papers were presented during the meeting on a wide range of subjects, including interplate earthquakes in subduction zones, slow slip and nonvolcanic tremor, crustal deformation, recent earthquake activity and hazard mapping. Through our discussion, we reaffirmed the benefits of working together to achieve our common goal of reducing earthquake hazard, continued cooperation on issues involving densification of observation networks and the open exchange of data among scientific communities. We also reaffirmed the importance of making information public in a timely manner. The Panel visited sites along the east coast of Shikoku that were inundated by the tsunami caused by the 1946 Nankai earthquake where they heard from survivors of the disaster and saw new tsunami shelters and barriers. They also visited the Median Tectonic Line, a major onshore strike-slip fault on Shikoku. The 7th Joint Panel meeting was held in Seattle, Wash., U.S.A. from October 27-30, 2008.

Detweiler, Shane T.; Ellsworth, William L.

2008-01-01

195

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions  

SciTech Connect

This report describes important future research directions in nanoscale science, engineering and technology. It was prepared in connection with an anticipated national research initiative on nanotechnology for the twenty-first century. The research directions described are not expected to be inclusive but illustrate the wide range of research opportunities and challenges that could be undertaken through the national laboratories and their major national scientific user facilities with the support of universities and industry.

Lowndes, D. H.; Alivisatos, A. P.; Alper, M.; Averback, R. S.; Jacob Barhen, J.; Eastman, J. A.; Imre, D.; Lowndes, D. H.; McNulty, I.; Michalske, T. A.; Ho, K-M; Nozik, A. J.; Russell, T. P.; Valentin, R. A.; Welch, D. O.; Barhen, J.; Agnew, S. R.; Bellon, P.; Blair, J.; Boatner, L. A.; Braiman, Y.; Budai, J. D.; Crabtree, G. W.; Feldman, L. C.; Flynn, C. P.; Geohegan, D. B.; George, E. P.; Greenbaum, E.; Grigoropoulos, C.; Haynes, T. E.; Heberlein, J.; Hichman, J.; Holland, O. W.; Honda, S.; Horton, J. A.; Hu, M. Z.-C.; Jesson, D. E.; Joy, D. C.; Krauss, A.; Kwok, W.-K.; Larson, B. C.; Larson, D. J.; Likharev, K.; Liu, C. T.; Majumdar, A.; Maziasz, P. J.; Meldrum, A.; Miller, J. C.; Modine, F. A.; Pennycook, S. J.; Pharr, G. M.; Phillpot, S.; Price, D. L.; Protopopescu, V.; Poker, D. B.; Pui, D.; Ramsey, J. M.; Rao, N.; Reichl, L.; Roberto, J.; Saboungi, M-L; Simpson, M.; Strieffer, S.; Thundat, T.; Wambsganss, M.; Wendleken, J.; White, C. W.; Wilemski, G.; Withrow, S. P.; Wolf, D.; Zhu, J. H.; Zuhr, R. A.; Zunger, A.; Lowe, S.

1999-01-01

196

Stirling engine supporting research and technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The supporting research and technology effort is intended to provide technical support to the current engine program and also to investigate advanced concepts for the next generation of Stirling engines. Technical areas represented are: seals, materials, engine experiments, combustion, system analysis, cseramics, and tribology. A collage of more recent work in each area is presented. Under seals, analysis and some experimental data on the effect of wear on rod seal performance is presented. The material work described concerns the effect of water content on hydrogen permeation. Results of experiments with the Philips' Advenco engine are presented. A comparison is made of two combustor nozzles, an air atomizing and an ultrasonic atomizing nozzle. A new venture in systems analysis to provide more rigorous Stirling engine simulation is discussed. The results of hydrogen corrosion tests on silicon carbide are presented. Friction and wear tests on candidate materials for engine hot ring tests are discussed.

Tomazic, W. A.

1985-01-01

197

Mechanical Engineering Department engineering research: Annual report, FY 1986  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information on the five areas of research interest in LLNL's Mechanical Engineering Department. In Computer Code Development, a solid geometric modeling program is described. In Dynamic Systems and Control, structure control and structure dynamics are discussed. Fabrication technology involves machine cutting, interferometry, and automated optical component manufacturing. Materials engineering reports on composite material research and measurement of molten metal surface properties. In Nondestructive Evaluation, NMR, CAT, and ultrasound machines are applied to manufacturing processes. A model for underground collapse is developed. Finally, an alternative heat exchanger is investigated for use in a fusion power plant. Separate abstracts were prepared for each of the 13 reports in this publication. (JDH)

Denney, R.M.; Essary, K.L.; Genin, M.S.; Highstone, H.H.; Hymer, J.D.; Taft, S.O. (eds.)

1986-12-01

198

Electromagnetic earthquake triggering phenomena: State-of-the-art research and future developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developed in the 70s of the last century in Russia unique pulsed power systems based on solid propellant magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) generators with an output of 10-500 MW and operation duration of 10 to 15 s were applied for an active electromagnetic monitoring of the Earth's crust to explore its deep structure, oil and gas electrical prospecting, and geophysical studies for earthquake prediction due to their high specific power parameters, portability, and a capability of operation under harsh climatic conditions. The most interesting and promising results were obtained during geophysical experiments at the test sites located at Pamir and Northern Tien Shan mountains, when after 1.5-2.5 kA electric current injection into the Earth crust through an 4 km-length emitting dipole the regional seismicity variations were observed (increase of number of weak earthquakes within a week). Laboratory experiments performed by different teams of the Institute of Physics of the Earth, Joint Institute for High Temperatures, and Research Station of Russian Academy of Sciences on observation of acoustic emission behavior of stressed rock samples during their processing by electric pulses demonstrated similar patterns - a burst of acoustic emission (formation of cracks) after application of current pulse to the sample. Based on the field and laboratory studies it was supposed that a new kind of earthquake triggering - electromagnetic initiation of weak seismic events has been observed, which may be used for the man-made electromagnetic safe release of accumulated tectonic stresses and, consequently, for earthquake hazard mitigation. For verification of this hypothesis some additional field experiments were carried out at the Bishkek geodynamic proving ground with application of pulsed ERGU-600 facility, which provides 600 A electric current in the emitting dipole. An analysis of spatio-temporal redistribution of weak regional seismicity after ERGU-600 pulses, as well as a response of geoacoustic emission recorded in the wells at a distance of 7-12 km from the emitting dipole to the ERGU-600 pulses confirmed the effects of an influence of electromagnetic field on the deformation processes in the Earth crust and the real existence of electromagnetic triggering phenomena. For verification of results of field observations laboratory studies of behavior of rock samples under critical stress-strain state and external electric actions were carried out at the spring and lever presses, as well as at the stick-slip models simulated the seismic cycle (stress accumulation and discharge) in the seismogenic geological fault. Various possible mechanisms of weak electrical stimulation (electric current density 10-7-10-8 mA/cm2 at a depth of earthquake epicenters of 5 to10 km) of deformation processes in the Earth crust, including increased fluid pore pressure, electrokinetic phenomena, magnetostriction, electrical stimulation of fluid migration into the fault area are considered. However, the mechanism of electromagnetic earthquake triggering phenomena is still open. Based on the field observations of electromagnetic triggering of weak seismicity resulting in a partial safe release of stresses in the Earth crust a possibility of control of seismic process is considered for risk reduction of catastrophic earthquakes. The results obtained from field and laboratory experiments on electromagnetic initiation of seismic events allow to consider a problem of lithosphere-ionosphere relations from another point of view. Keeping in mind that the current density generated in the Earth crust by artificial electric source is comparable with the density of telluric currents induced during severe ionospheric disturbances (e.g., magnetic storms) it may be possible under certain favorable conditions in lithosphere to initiate earthquakes by electromagnetic disturbances in ionosphere. A possibility of application of these triggering phenomena for short-term earthquake prediction is discussed.

Zeigarnik, Vladimir; Novikov, Victor

2014-05-01

199

Earthquake in the Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn how engineers construct buildings to withstand damage from earthquakes by building their own structures with toothpicks and marshmallows. Students test how earthquake-proof their buildings are by testing them on an earthquake simulated in a pan of Jell-O.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

200

Stress-forecasting Earthquakes In recent Opinions in Seismological ResearchLetters Paul Sil-  

E-print Network

- ver has suggested that earthquake prediction is not possible, whereas Lowell S. Whiteside suggests that it is. Earthquake prediction means many things. There are at least three types of (conventional) earthquake prediction. Deterministic pre- diction is where the behavior before the earthquake (the stress

201

Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative  

E-print Network

been formally published, will accelerate the sharing of ideas and also help SEAri researchers gain for sharing knowledge with a professional community. Providing access to a large number of research documents. Where possible, all documents are made available for download in the spirit of open information sharing

de Weck, Olivier L.

202

Earthquakes Living Lab: Geology and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students examine the effects of geology on earthquake magnitudes and how engineers anticipate and prepare for these effects. Using information provided through the Earthquakes Living Lab interface, students investigate how geology, specifically soil type, can amplify the magnitude of earthquakes and their consequences. Students look in-depth at the historical 1906 San Francisco earthquake and its destruction thorough photographs and data. They compare the 1906 California earthquake to another historical earthquake in Kobe, Japan, looking at the geological differences and impacts in the two regions, and learning how engineers, geologists and seismologists work to predict earthquakes and minimize calamity. A worksheet serves as a student guide for the activity.

2014-09-18

203

Wind Science and Engineering Research Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wind Science and Engineering Research Center at Texas Tech University conducts "multidisciplinary research to mitigate the deleterious effects of windstorms on the built environment, people, and the quality of life, and to utilize the beneficial effects of wind." The website highlights the Fujita Scale Enhancement Project, which examines the scale used to classify tornadoes by intensity. Links to websites on other wind projects are also provided. The Wind Engineering Library allows visitors to search more than 4500 articles on the center's research as well as education-related publications. Teachers and the general public will find an extensive list of other Internet resources on wind energy.

204

NASA Propulsion Engineering Research Center, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over the past year, the Propulsion Engineering Research Center at The Pennsylvania State University continued its progress toward meeting the goals of NASA's University Space Engineering Research Centers (USERC) program. The USERC program was initiated in 1988 by the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology to provide an invigorating force to drive technology advancements in the U.S. space industry. The Propulsion Center's role in this effort is to provide a fundamental basis from which the technology advances in propulsion can be derived. To fulfill this role, an integrated program was developed that focuses research efforts on key technical areas, provides students with a broad education in traditional propulsion-related science and engineering disciplines, and provides minority and other under-represented students with opportunities to take their first step toward professional careers in propulsion engineering. The program is made efficient by incorporating government propulsion laboratories and the U.S. propulsion industry into the program through extensive interactions and research involvement. The Center is comprised of faculty, professional staff, and graduate and undergraduate students working on a broad spectrum of research issues related to propulsion. The Center's research focus encompasses both current and advanced propulsion concepts for space transportation, with a research emphasis on liquid propellant rocket engines. The liquid rocket engine research includes programs in combustion and turbomachinery. Other space transportation modes that are being addressed include anti-matter, electric, nuclear, and solid propellant propulsion. Outside funding supports a significant fraction of Center research, with the major portion of the basic USERC grant being used for graduate student support and recruitment. The remainder of the USERC funds are used to support programs to increase minority student enrollment in engineering, to maintain Center infrastructure, and to develop research capability in key new areas. Significant research programs in propulsion systems for air and land transportation complement the space propulsion focus. The primary mission of the Center is student education. The student program emphasizes formal class work and research in classical engineering and science disciplines with applications to propulsion.

1993-01-01

205

NASA's new university engineering space research programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of a newly emerging element of NASA's university engineering programs is to provide a more autonomous element that will enhance and broaden the capabilities in academia, enabling them to participate more effectively in the U.S. civil space program. The programs utilize technical monitors at NASA centers to foster collaborative arrangements, exchange of personnel, and the sharing of facilities between NASA and the universities. The elements include: the university advanced space design program, which funds advanced systems study courses at the senior and graduate levels; the university space engineering research program that supports cross-disciplinary research centers; the outreach flight experiments program that offers engineering research opportunities to universities; and the planned university investigator's research program to provide grants to individuals with outstanding credentials.

Sadin, Stanley R.

1988-01-01

206

Charles Darwin's earthquake reports  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As it is the 200th anniversary of Darwin's birth, 2009 has also been marked as 170 years since the publication of his book Journal of Researches. During the voyage Darwin landed at Valdivia and Concepcion, Chile, just before, during, and after a great earthquake, which demolished hundreds of buildings, killing and injuring many people. Land was waved, lifted, and cracked, volcanoes awoke and giant ocean waves attacked the coast. Darwin was the first geologist to observe and describe the effects of the great earthquake during and immediately after. These effects sometimes repeated during severe earthquakes; but great earthquakes, like Chile 1835, and giant earthquakes, like Chile 1960, are rare and remain completely unpredictable. This is one of the few areas of science, where experts remain largely in the dark. Darwin suggested that the effects were a result of the rending of strata, at a point not very deep below the surface of the earth' and when the crust yields to the tension, caused by its gradual elevation, there is a jar at the moment of rupture, and a greater movement...'. Darwin formulated big ideas about the earth evolution and its dynamics. These ideas set the tone for the tectonic plate theory to come. However, the plate tectonics does not completely explain why earthquakes occur within plates. Darwin emphasised that there are different kinds of earthquakes ...I confine the foregoing observations to the earthquakes on the coast of South America, or to similar ones, which seem generally to have been accompanied by elevation of the land. But, as we know that subsidence has gone on in other quarters of the world, fissures must there have been formed, and therefore earthquakes...' (we cite the Darwin's sentences following researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474). These thoughts agree with results of the last publications (see Nature 461, 870-872; 636-639 and 462, 42-43; 87-89). About 200 years ago Darwin gave oneself airs by the problems which began to discuss only during the last time. Earthquakes often precede volcanic eruptions. According to Darwin, the earthquake-induced shock may be a common mechanism of the simultaneous eruptions of the volcanoes separated by long distances. In particular, Darwin wrote that the elevation of many hundred square miles of territory near Concepcion is part of the same phenomenon, with that splashing up, if I may so call it, of volcanic matter through the orifices in the Cordillera at the moment of the shock;'. According to Darwin the crust is a system where fractured zones, and zones of seismic and volcanic activities interact. Darwin formulated the task of considering together the processes studied now as seismology and volcanology. However the difficulties are such that the study of interactions between earthquakes and volcanoes began only recently and his works on this had relatively little impact on the development of geosciences. In this report, we discuss how the latest data on seismic and volcanic events support the Darwin's observations and ideas about the 1835 Chilean earthquake. The material from researchspace. auckland. ac. nz/handle/2292/4474 is used. We show how modern mechanical tests from impact engineering and simple experiments with weakly-cohesive materials also support his observations and ideas. On the other hand, we developed the mathematical theory of the earthquake-induced catastrophic wave phenomena. This theory allow to explain the most important aspects the Darwin's earthquake reports. This is achieved through the simplification of fundamental governing equations of considering problems to strongly-nonlinear wave equations. Solutions of these equations are constructed with the help of analytic and numerical techniques. The solutions can model different strongly-nonlinear wave phenomena which generate in a variety of physical context. A comparison with relevant experimental observations is also presented.

Galiev, Shamil

2010-05-01

207

Cryogenics Research and Engineering Experience  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Energy efficient storage, transfer and use of cryogens and cryogenic propellants on Earth and in space have a direct impact on NASA, government and commercial programs. Research and development on thermal insulation, propellant servicing, cryogenic components, material properties and sensing technologies provides industry, government and research institutions with the cross-cutting technologies to manage low-temperature applications. Under the direction of the Cryogenic Testing Lab at Kennedy Space Center, the work experience acquired allowed me to perform research, testing, design and analysis of current and future cryogenic technologies to be applied in several projects.

Toro Medina, Jaime A.

2013-01-01

208

Aircraft Turbine Engine Control Research at NASA Glenn Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This lecture will provide an overview of the aircraft turbine engine control research at NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Glenn Research Center (GRC). A brief introduction to the engine control problem is first provided with a description of the current state-of-the-art control law structure. A historical aspect of engine control development since the 1940s is then provided with a special emphasis on the contributions of GRC. The traditional engine control problem has been to provide a means to safely transition the engine from one steady-state operating point to another based on the pilot throttle inputs. With the increased emphasis on aircraft safety, enhanced performance and affordability, and the need to reduce the environmental impact of aircraft, there are many new challenges being faced by the designers of aircraft propulsion systems. The Controls and Dynamics Branch (CDB) at GRC is leading and participating in various projects in partnership with other organizations within GRC and across NASA, other government agencies, the U.S. aerospace industry, and academia to develop advanced propulsion controls and diagnostics technologies that will help meet the challenging goals of NASA programs under the Aeronautics Research Mission. The second part of the lecture provides an overview of the various CDB technology development activities in aircraft engine control and diagnostics, both current and some accomplished in the recent past. The motivation for each of the research efforts, the research approach, technical challenges and the key progress to date are summarized. The technologies to be discussed include system level engine control concepts, gas path diagnostics, active component control, and distributed engine control architecture. The lecture will end with a futuristic perspective of how the various current technology developments will lead to an Intelligent and Autonomous Propulsion System requiring none to very minimum pilot interface, interfacing directly with the flight management system to determine its mode of operation, and providing personalized engine control to optimize its performance given the current condition and mission objectives.

Garg, Sanjay

2014-01-01

209

Delft University of Technology Software Engineering Research Group  

E-print Network

Delft University of Technology Software Engineering Research Group Technical Report Series A Genetic Programming Approach to Automated Test Generation for Object Oriented Software Hans-Gerhard Gross: Software Engineering Research Group Department of Software Technology Faculty of Electrical Engineering

Fernandez, Thomas

210

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program  

E-print Network

will bridge the gap between materials science (catalysts), chemical reaction engineering (biofuelsCollege of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program Request for an Engineering Student for Summer 2011 Research Faculty Name __Paul Dauenhauer

Mountziaris, T. J.

211

Council of Energy Engineering Research. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering Research Program, a component program of the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES), was established in 1979 to aid in resolving the numerous engineering issues arising from efforts to meet U.S. energy needs. The major product of the program became part of the body of knowledge and data upon which the applied energy technologies are founded; the product is knowledge relevant to energy exploration, production, conversion and use.

Goldstein, Richard J.

2003-08-22

212

Physics Education Research in an Engineering Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on an ongoing investigation of student understanding in several introductory engineering courses at Hamburg University of Technology. Preliminary results from a first-year electrical engineering course indicate that many students did not gain a conceptual understanding of the material. Some students had difficulty interpreting graphical representations of information or displayed a lack of understanding of basic principles. Specific examples concerning load lines and three-phase systems are used to illustrate how general findings from physics education research can guide investigations of student understanding and the development of curriculum in an introductory engineering context.

Kautz, Christian H.

2007-01-01

213

Columbia University: Industrial Engineering and Operations Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the website for Columbia University's Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, which is "concerned with the design, analysis, and control of production and service operations and systems." The website describes two of the Department's research centers. The first, the Center for Applied Probability, supports interdisciplinary research on probability and its applications. The second, the Computational Optimization Research Center, specializes in "the design and implementation of state-of-the-art algorithms for the solution of large-scale optimization problems arising from a wide variety of industrial and commercial applications." Separate websites provide a description of research conducted at the Centers along with links to various publications.

214

Summaries of FY 1993 Engineering Research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the BES Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1993; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The organizational chart for the DOE Office of Energy Research (OER) on the next page delineates the six Divisions within the OER Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report we asked the principal investigators to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1993. The summaries received have been edited if necessary.

Not Available

1993-09-01

215

Time-frequency analysis of Transitory/Permanent frequency decrease in civil engineering structures during earthquakes  

E-print Network

The analysis of strong motion recordings in structures is crucial to understand the damaging process during earthquakes. A very precise time-frequency representation, the reassigned smoothed pseudo-Wigner-Ville method, allowed us to follow the variation of the Millikan Library (California) and the Grenoble City Hall building (France) resonance frequencies during earthquakes. Under strong motions, a quick frequency drop, attributed to damage of the soil-structure system, followed by a slower increase is found. However, in the case of weak earthquakes, we show that frequency variations come from the ground motion spectrum and cannot be interpreted in terms of change of the soil-structure system.

Michel, Clotaire

2008-01-01

216

Scientific, Engineering, and Financial Factors of the 1989 Human-Triggered Newcastle Earthquake in Australia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation emphasizes the dualism of natural resources exploitation and economic growth versus geomechanical pollution and risks of human-triggered earthquakes. Large-scale geoengineering activities, e.g., mining, reservoir impoundment, oil/gas production, water exploitation or fluid injection, alter pre-existing lithostatic stress states in the earth's crust and are anticipated to trigger earthquakes. Such processes of in- situ stress alteration are termed geomechanical pollution. Moreover, since the 19th century more than 200 earthquakes have been documented worldwide with a seismic moment magnitude of 4.5earthquakes increased rapidly. An example of a human-triggered earthquake is the 1989 Newcastle event in Australia that was a result of almost 200 years of coal mining and water over-exploitation, respectively. This earthquake, an Mw=5.6 event, caused more than 3.5 billion U.S. dollars in damage (1989 value) and was responsible for Australia's first and only to date earthquake fatalities. It is therefore thought that, the Newcastle region tends to develop unsustainably if comparing economic growth due to mining and financial losses of triggered earthquakes. An hazard assessment, based on a geomechanical crust model, shows that only four deep coal mines were responsible for triggering this severe earthquake. A small-scale economic risk assessment identifies that the financial loss due to earthquake damage has reduced mining profits that have been re-invested in the Newcastle region for over two centuries beginning in 1801. Furthermore, large-scale economic risk assessment reveals that the financial loss is equivalent to 26% of the Australian Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth in 1988/89. These costs account for 13% of the total costs of all natural disasters (e.g., flooding, drought, wild fires) and 94% of the costs of all earthquakes recorded in Australia between 1967 and 1999. In conclusion, the increasing number and size of geoengineering activities, such as coal mining near Newcastle or planned carbon dioxide Geosequestration initiatives, represent a growing hazard potential, which can negatively affect socio-economic growth and sustainable development. Finally, hazard and risk degrees, based on geomechanical-mathematical models, can be forecasted in space and over time for urban planning in order to prevent economic losses of human-triggered earthquakes in the future.

Klose, C. D.

2006-12-01

217

Role of WEGENER (World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research) in monitoring natural hazards (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WEGENER was originally the acronym for Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research. It was founded in March 1981 in response to an appeal delivered at the Journes Luxembourgeoises de Geodynamique in December 1980 to respond with a coordinated European proposal to a NASA Announcement of Opportunity inviting participation in the Crustal Dynamics and Earthquake Research Program. WEGENER, during the past 33 years, has always kept a close contact with the Agencies and Institutions responsible for the development and maintenance of the global space geodetic networks with the aim to make them aware of the scientific needs and outcomes of the project which might have an influence on the general science policy trends. WEGENER served as Inter-commission Project 3.2, between Commission 1 and Commission 3, of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) until 2012. Since then, WEGENER project has become the Sub-commission 3.5 of IAG commission 3, namely Tectonics and Earthquake Geodesy. In this presentation, we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and anthropogenic climate change (sea level, ice degradation). In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. Towards these ends, we will encourage and foster interdisciplinary, integrated initiatives to develop a range of case studies for these critical problems. Geological studies are needed to extend geodetic deformation studies to geologic time scales, and new modeling approaches will facilitate full exploitation of expanding geodetic databases. In light of this new focus, the WEGENER acronym now represents, 'World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research.

Ozener, H.; Zerbini, S.; Bastos, M. L.; Becker, M. H.; Meghraoui, M.; Reilinger, R. E.

2013-12-01

218

Landslides triggered by the 2004 Niigata Ken Chuetsu, Japan, earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Niigata Ken Chuetsu earthquake triggered a vast number of lanslides in the epicentral region. Landslide concentrations were among the highest ever measured after an earthquake, and most of the triggered landslides were relatively shallow failures parallel to the steep slope faces. The dense concentration of landslides can be attributed to steep local topography in relatively weak geologic units, adverse hydrologic conditions caused by significant antecedent rainfall, and very strong shaking. Many of the landslides could be discerned from high-resolution satellite imagery acquired immediately after the earthquake. ?? 2006, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Kieffer, D.S.; Jibson, R.; Rathje, E.M.; Kelson, K.

2006-01-01

219

The Quindio, Colombia, Earthquake of January 25, 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) recently released a Special Earthquake Report on the Quindio, Colombia Earthquake of January 25, 1999. Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, this report is part of the EERI's Learning from Earthquakes project. Sections contained in the report include an Introduction, Geosciences and Geotechnical Aspects, Structural and Nonstructural Damage, Observations on Lifelines, Health Impacts, Emergency Response, Emergency Shelter and Temporary Housing, Recovery and Reconstruction, and Lessons Learned. Figures and images supplement the report and help make more complicated material easier to understand. This report provides an excellent example of a case study.

220

Summaries of FY 1996 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1996; it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. Each BES Division administers basic, mission oriented research programs in the area indicated by its title. The BES Engineering Research Program is one such program; it is administered by the Engineering and Geosciences Division of BES. In preparing this report the principal investigators were asked to submit summaries for their projects that were specifically applicable to fiscal year 1996. The summaries received have been edited if necessary, but the press for timely publication made it impractical to have the investigators review and approve the revised summaries prior to publication. For more information about a given project, it is suggested that the investigators be contacted directly.

NONE

1997-06-01

221

Topography effects in the 1999 Athens earthquake : engineering issues in seismology  

E-print Network

It is well known that irregular topography can substantially affect the amplitude and frequency characteristics of seismic motion. Macroseismic observations of destructive earthquakes often show higher damage intensity at ...

Assimaki, Dominic, 1975-

2004-01-01

222

Tissue engineering: from research to dental clinics  

PubMed Central

Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that combines the principles of engineering, material and biological sciences toward the development of therapeutic strategies and biological substitutes that restore, maintain, replace or improve biological functions. The association of biomaterials, stem cells, growth and differentiation factors have yielded the development of new treatment opportunities in most of the biomedical areas, including Dentistry. The objective of this paper is to present the principles underlying tissue engineering and the current scenario, the challenges and the perspectives of this area in Dentistry. Significance The growth of tissue engineering as a research field have provided a novel set of therapeutic strategies for biomedical applications. The emerging knowledge arisen from studies in the dental area may translate into new methods for caring or improving the alternatives used to treat patients in the daily clinic. PMID:22240278

Rosa, Vinicius; Bona, Alvaro Della; Cavalcanti, Bruno Neves; Nr, Jacques Eduardo

2013-01-01

223

Scientific, Engineering, and Financial Factors of the 1989 Human-Triggered Newcastle Earthquake in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation emphasizes the dualism of natural resources exploitation and economic growth versus geomechanical pollution and risks of human-triggered earthquakes. Large-scale geoengineering activities, e.g., mining, reservoir impoundment, oil\\/gas production, water exploitation or fluid injection, alter pre-existing lithostatic stress states in the earth's crust and are anticipated to trigger earthquakes. Such processes of in- situ stress alteration are termed geomechanical pollution.

C. D. Klose

2006-01-01

224

NSF's Engineering Research Center Program: How It Developed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the recent history of the National Science Foundation's funding of engineering research and the Engineering Research Center program. Discusses the selection, review and evaluation of centers. Criticizes the systems approach to engineering. Highlights the importance of engineering practice and the opportunities for research. (CW)

Mayfield, Lewis G.

1987-01-01

225

J. Craig Fischenich, PhD, PE Research Civil Engineer  

E-print Network

J. Craig Fischenich, PhD, PE Research Civil Engineer US Army Engineer Research and Development his BS and MS in Civil and Environmental Engineering, respectively, at South Dakota School of Mines Technical Lead for the ERDC EL. As a senior researcher, he leads teams of engineers and scientists

US Army Corps of Engineers

226

Energy Related Research Expertise Mechanical Engineering Department  

E-print Network

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions from Alternative and Synthetic Fuel for Procurement under the US EnergyEnergy Related Research Expertise Mechanical Engineering Department U. of Washington Life Cycle Assessment of BioFuels and Energy Technologies (Joyce Cooper) Multiphase Fluid Dynamics: liquid

Anderson, Richard

227

Engineering Education in Research-Intensive Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The strengths and weaknesses of engineering education in research-intensive institutions are reported and key areas for developmental focus identified. The work is based on a questionnaire and session summaries used during a two-day international conference held at Imperial College London. The findings highlight several common concerns, such as

Alpay, E.; Jones, M. E.

2012-01-01

228

R. Krishnamoorthy Precision Engineering Research Laboratory,  

E-print Network

T. Bifano R. Krishnamoorthy H. Fawcett E. Welch Precision Engineering Research Laboratory, Boston. Introduction Fixed abrasive grinding is the predominant method of ma- chining ceramic and glass materials was determined for different workpiece materials, and the wear rate of the saw blade using ELID was found

229

Engineering Research and Development Microwave Imaging Technology  

E-print Network

Engineering Research and Development MVG Paris Microwave Imaging Technology Microwave Vision Group forward with its know-how and technology in the Electromagnetic Imaging Department. The group employs more Group is currently developing several products in the field of imaging, dedicated to the healthcare

Adams, Mark

230

NASA Propulsion Engineering Research Center, Volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the second volume in the 1994 annual report for the NASA Propulsion Engineering Research Center's Sixth Annual Symposium. This conference covered: (1) Combustors and Nozzles; (2) Turbomachinery Aero- and Hydro-dynamics; (3) On-board Propulsion systems; (4) Advanced Propulsion Applications; (5) Vaporization and Combustion; (6) Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics; and (7) Atomization and Sprays.

1994-01-01

231

Aircraft Turbine Engine Control Research at NASA Glenn Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an overview of the aircraft turbine engine control research at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC). A brief introduction to the engine control problem is first provided with a description of the state-of-the-art control law structure. A historical aspect of engine control development since the 1940s is then provided with a special emphasis on the contributions of GRC. With the increased emphasis on aircraft safety, enhanced performance, and affordability, as well as the need to reduce the environmental impact of aircraft, there are many new challenges being faced by the designers of aircraft propulsion systems. The Controls and Dynamics Branch (CDB) at GRC is leading and participating in various projects to develop advanced propulsion controls and diagnostics technologies that will help meet the challenging goals of NASA Aeronautics Research Mission programs. The rest of the paper provides an overview of the various CDB technology development activities in aircraft engine control and diagnostics, both current and some accomplished in the recent past. The motivation for each of the research efforts, the research approach, technical challenges, and the key progress to date are summarized.

Garg, Sanjay

2013-01-01

232

Anomalous record of October 15, 1979, Imperial Valley, California, earthquake from Coachella Canal Engine House No. 4  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A recording obtained at the Coachella Canal Engine House No. 4 of the October 15, 1979, Imperial Valley earthquake shows a dominant 2 Hz frequency. This feature is very unusual and an attempt has been made to determine if the recording is real or spurious. As the pumping station is a small heavily constructed bunker type of structure located on material of low shear wave velocity it was considered likely that soil-structure interaction might be responsible for the 2 Hz component. However, both an experimental and theoretical investigation fail to establish this. This report describes the theoretical investigation. The experimental investigation is described in a separate open-file report.

Bycroft, G.N.

1981-01-01

233

Final Report: Performance Engineering Research Institute  

SciTech Connect

This document is a final report about the work performed for cooperative agreement DE-FC02-06ER25764, the Rice University effort of Performance Engineering Research Institute (PERI). PERI was an Enabling Technologies Institute of the Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC-2) program supported by the Department of Energy's Office of Science Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program. The PERI effort at Rice University focused on (1) research and development of tools for measurement and analysis of application program performance, and (2) engagement with SciDAC-2 application teams.

Mellor-Crummey, John [Rice University

2014-10-27

234

Research program on Indonesian active faults to support the national earthquake hazard assesments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In mid 2010 an Indonesian team of earthquake scientists published the new Indonesian probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) map. The new PSHA map replaced the previous version that is published in 2002. One of the major challenges in developing the new map is that data for many active fault zones in Indonesia is sparse and mapped only at regional scale, thus the input fault parameters for the PSHA introduce unavoidably large uncertainties. Despite the fact that most Indonesian islands are torn by active faults, only Sumatra has been mapped and studied in sufficient details. In other areas, such as Java and Bali, the most populated regions as well as in the east Indonesian region, where tectonic plate configurations are far more complex and relative plate motions are generally higher, many major active faults and plate boundaries are not well mapped and studied. In early 2011, we have initiated a research program to study major active faults in Indonesia together with starting a new graduate study program, GREAT (Graduate Research for Earthquake and Active Tectonics), hosted by ITB (Institute of Technology bandung) and LIPI (Indonesian Institute of Sciences) in partnership with the Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction (AIFDR). The program include acquisition of high-resolution topography and images required for detailed fault mapping, measuring geological slip rates and locating good sites for paleoseismological studies. It is also coupled by seismological study and GPS surveys to measure geodetic slip rates. To study submarine active faults, we collect and incorporate bathymetry and marine geophysical data. The research will be carried out, in part, through masters and Ph.D student theses. in the first four year of program we select several sites for active fault studies, particulary the ones that pose greater risks to society.

Natawidjaja, D. H.

2012-12-01

235

76 FR 37084 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Corps of Engineers Board on Coastal Engineering Research AGENCY: Department of the...Name of Committee: Board on Coastal Engineering Research. Date of Meeting: July 26-28...consonance with the needs of the coastal engineering field and the objectives of the...

2011-06-24

236

AEIC: Arizona Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Arizona Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) conducts research and distributes information about Arizona earthquakes in order to increase the knowledge about the causes and hazards of earthquakes. The website provides recent seismographs for many places including the Grand Canyon and Flagstaff along with a map of the fault system. Researchers can find a catalog of Arizona Earthquakes for the period of 1830 to 1998. Users can view an index map of recent earthquakes in the Intermountain West region of Utah as well.

237

Virtual earthquake engineering laboratory with physics-based degrading materials on parallel computers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the last few decades, we have obtained tremendous insight into underlying microscopic mechanisms of degrading quasi-brittle materials from persistent and near-saintly efforts in laboratories, and at the same time we have seen unprecedented evolution in computational technology such as massively parallel computers. Thus, time is ripe to embark on a novel approach to settle unanswered questions, especially for the earthquake engineering community, by harmoniously combining the microphysics mechanisms with advanced parallel computing technology. To begin with, it should be stressed that we placed a great deal of emphasis on preserving clear meaning and physical counterparts of all the microscopic material models proposed herein, since it is directly tied to the belief that by doing so, the more physical mechanisms we incorporate, the better prediction we can obtain. We departed from reviewing representative microscopic analysis methodologies, selecting out "fixed-type" multidirectional smeared crack model as the base framework for nonlinear quasi-brittle materials, since it is widely believed to best retain the physical nature of actual cracks. Microscopic stress functions are proposed by integrating well-received existing models to update normal stresses on the crack surfaces (three orthogonal surfaces are allowed to initiate herein) under cyclic loading. Unlike the normal stress update, special attention had to be paid to the shear stress update on the crack surfaces, due primarily to the well-known pathological nature of the fixed-type smeared crack model---spurious large stress transfer over the open crack under nonproportional loading. In hopes of exploiting physical mechanism to resolve this deleterious nature of the fixed crack model, a tribology-inspired three-dimensional (3d) interlocking mechanism has been proposed. Following the main trend of tribology (i.e., the science and engineering of interacting surfaces), we introduced the base fabric of solid particle-soft matrix to explain realistic interlocking over rough crack surfaces, and the adopted Gaussian distribution feeds random particle sizes to the entire domain. Validation against a well-documented rough crack experiment reveals promising accuracy of the proposed 3d interlocking model. A consumed energy-based damage model has been proposed for the weak correlation between the normal and shear stresses on the crack surfaces, and also for describing the nature of irrecoverable damage. Since the evaluation of the consumed energy is directly linked to the microscopic deformation, which can be efficiently tracked on the crack surfaces, the proposed damage model is believed to provide a more physical interpretation than existing damage mechanics, which fundamentally stem from mathematical derivation with few physical counterparts. Another novel point of the present work lies in the topological transition-based "smart" steel bar model, notably with evolving compressive buckling length. We presented a systematic framework of information flow between the key ingredients of composite materials (i.e., steel bar and its surrounding concrete elements). The smart steel model suggested can incorporate smooth transition during reversal loading, tensile rupture, early buckling after reversal from excessive tensile loading, and even compressive buckling. Especially, the buckling length is made to evolve according to the damage states of the surrounding elements of each bar, while all other dominant models leave the length unchanged. What lies behind all the aforementioned novel attempts is, of course, the problem-optimized parallel platform. In fact, the parallel computing in our field has been restricted to monotonic shock or blast loading with explicit algorithm which is characteristically feasible to be parallelized. In the present study, efficient parallelization strategies for the highly demanding implicit nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) program for real-scale reinforced concrete (RC) structures under cyclic loading are proposed. Quantitat

Cho, In Ho

238

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING  

E-print Network

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING THE UNIVERSITY Nebraska Water Resources Research Institute University of Nebraska 212 Agricultural Engineering Lincoln OF NEBRASKA LINCOLN, NEBRASKA 68503 WATER RESOURCES NEWS ~ Volume 1 Number 8 IRRIGATION SHORT COURSE December

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

239

Aeronautical Research Engineer Milt Thompson computing data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Milton O. Thompson was hired as an engineer at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' High-Speed Flight Station (later renamed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Dryden Flight Research Center) on March 19, 1956. In 1958 he became a research pilot, but in this photo Milt is working on data from another pilot's research flight. Thompson began flying with the U.S. Navy as a pilot trainee at the age of 19. He subsequently served during World War II, with duty in China and Japan. Following six years of active naval service, he entered the University of Washington, in Seattle, Washington. Milt graduated in 1953 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering. He remained in the Naval Reserves during college, and continued flying--not only naval aircraft but crop dusters and forest-spraying aircraft. After college graduation, Milt became a flight test engineer for the Boeing Aircraft Company in Seattle, where he was employed for two years before coming to the High-Speed Flight Station.

1956-01-01

240

Graduate engineering research participation in aeronautics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Graduate student engineering research in aeronautics at Old Dominion University is surveyed. Student participation was facilitated through a NASA sponsored university program which enabled the students to complete degrees. Research summaries are provided and plans for the termination of the grant program are outlined. Project topics include: Failure modes for mechanically fastened joints in composite materials; The dynamic stability of an earth orbiting satellite deploying hinged appendages; The analysis of the Losipescu shear test for composite materials; and the effect of boundary layer structure on wing tip vortex formation and decay.

Roberts, A. S., Jr.

1984-01-01

241

Phil M. Ferguson Structural Engineering Research Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Phil M. Ferguson Structural Engineering Research Laboratory at the University Texas at Austin is a facility "dedicated to research for improving the analysis, design and construction of buildings, bridges and special structures." Researchers use physical testing, combined with state-of-the-art analytical models, to evaluate the behavior and design of reinforced concrete, steel, timber, masonry, and composite structures. Some applications for the group's work include the performance of buildings, bridges, and offshore structures, and the repair and rehabilitation of structures. The research is possible through industry sponsorship and some of the reports from the lab's projects are posted online in the Library. Other Publications include Dissertations and Theses, FSEL Lab Report Series, and Journal Articles.

242

Proceedings of the 2009 Industrial Engineering Research Conference Developing a Curriculum in Service Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the 2009 Industrial Engineering Research Conference Developing a Curriculum slowly to this change. Although some Industrial Engineering (IE) undergraduate programs have added community has responded slowly to this change. Although some Industrial Engineering undergraduate programs

Onder, Nilufer

243

World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China  

E-print Network

://www.usc.edu/dept/civil_eng/Earthquake_eng/ ABSTRACT : The ability to monitor the health of an instrumented structure, detect damage as it occurs DAMAGE DETECTION IN STRUCTURES AND EARLY WARNING M.I. Todorovska 1 and M. D. Trifunac 2 1 Res. Prof, even when the damage is obvious or there is no structural damage, is very useful to a building owner

Southern California, University of

244

NC Science & Engineering Fair Home Inspiring Innovation in Student Research  

E-print Network

NC Science & Engineering Fair Home Inspiring Innovation in Student Research NC Science-based science learning. NCSFF promotes science and engineering research by elementary, middle, and high school science and engineering fairs to showcase and celebrate student research and learning. Biogen Idec

Thaxton, Christopher S.

245

Students' Changing Images of Engineering and Engineers. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the images of engineers and engineering that students construct over the course of their undergraduate engineering educations. Students in their first year of study to become engineers knew very little about the work they would be doing as an engineer and their expectations were more specific, hopeful, and high status than

Jocuns, Andrew; Stevens, Reed; Garrison, Lari; Amos, Daniel

2008-01-01

246

The Central and Eastern European Earthquake Research Network - CE3RN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The region of the Central and Eastern Europe is an area characterised by a relatively high seismicity. The active seismogenic structures and the related potentially destructive events are located in the proximity of the political boundaries between several countries existing in the area. An example is the seismic region between the NE Italy (FVG, Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto), Austria (Tyrol, Carinthia) and Slovenia. So when a destructive earthquake occurs in the area, all the three countries are involved. In the year 2001 the Agencija Republike Slovenije za Okolje (ARSO) in Slovenia, the Department of Mathematics and Geoscience of the University of Trieste (DMG), the OGS (Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale) in Italy and the Zentralanstalt fr Meteorologie und Geodynamik (ZAMG) in Austria signed an agreement for the real-time seismological data exchange in the Southeastern Alps region. Soon after the Interreg IIIa Italia-Austria projects "Trans-National Seismological Networks in the South-Eastern Alps" and "FASTLINK" started. The main goal of these projects was the creation of a transfrontier network for the common seismic monitoring of the region for scientific and civil defense purposes. During these years the high quality data recorded by the transfrontier network has been used, by the involved institutions, for their scientific research, for institutional activities and for the civil defense services. Several common international projects have been realized with success. The instrumentation has been continuously upgraded, the installations quality improved as well as the data transmission efficiency. In the 2013 ARSO, DMG, OGS and ZAMG decided to name the cooperative network "Central and Eastern European Earthquake Research Network - CE3RN". The national/regional seismic networks actually involved in the CE3RN network are: Austrian national BB network (ZAMG - OE) Friuli Veneto SP network (OGS - FV) Friuli VG accelerometric network (DMG - RF) NE Italy BB Network, (OGS & DMG - NI) Slovene national BB network (ARSO -SL) South Tyrol BB Network, (ZAMG - SI) HAREIA strong motion stations, (ZAMG & DMG - HA) Starting from the 2001, the CE3RN represents an excellent example of international high quality research infrastructure and the starting point for the enlargement of the transfrontier network to all countries and their seismological institutions of the Central and Eastern Europe region. Furthermore, one of the main goals of the CE3RN is to intensify the cooperation between these institutions through common research activities and preparation of common international projects. The characteristics of the CE3RN will be described along with the examples of some research results and of common projects realized during the first 13 years of network activity.

Bragato, Pier Luigi; Costa, Giovanni; Gallo, Antonella; Gosar, Andrej; Horn, Nikolaus; Lenhardt, Wolfgang; Mucciarelli, Marco; Pesaresi, Damiano; Steiner, Rudolf; Suhadolc, Peter; Tiberi, Lara; iv?i?, Mladen; Zopp, Giuliana

2014-05-01

247

The research of a comprehensive program for earthquake prediction with seismological methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the MYCIN inexact inference method in Expert System is applied to comprehensive earthquake prediction. And it is proposed that the methods of determining various certainty factors, correcting correlation between anomalous evidences and computing comprehensive certainty factor of occurrence of some moderate or strong earthquake. By use of these methods, 18 earthquake cases since 1966 in North China is tested with seismological anomalies in different seismogenic stage, and the comprehensive certainty factors of occurrence of some moderate or strong earthquake are computed. At last some problems in application are discussed.

Wang, Wei; Lu, Yuanzhong

1992-05-01

248

Postseismic Deformation after the 1964 Great Alaskan Earthquake: Collaborative Research with Goddard Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this project was to carry out GPS observations on the Kenai Peninsula, southern Alaska, in order to study the postseismic and contemporary deformation following the 1964 Alaska earthquake. All of the research supported in this grant was carried out in collaboration with Dr. Steven Cohen of Goddard Space Flight Center. The research funding from this grant primarily supported GPS fieldwork, along with the acquisition of computer equipment to allow analysis and modeling of the GPS data. A minor amount of salary support was provided by the PI, but the great majority of the salary support was provided by the Geophysical Institute. After the expiration of this grant, additional funding was obtained from the National Science Foundation to continue the work. This grant supported GPS field campaigns in August 1995, June 1996, May-June and September 1997, and May-June 1998. We initially began the work by surveying leveling benchmarks on the Kenai peninsula that had been surveyed after the 1964 earthquake. Changes in height from the 1964 leveling data to the 1995+ GPS data, corrected for the geoid-ellipsoid separation, give the total elevation change since the earthquake. Beginning in 1995, we also identified or established sites that were suitable for long-term surveying using GPS. In the subsequent annual GPS campaigns, we made regular measurements at these GPS marks, and steadily enhanced our set of points for which cumulative postseismic uplift data were available. From 4 years of Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements, we find significant spatial variations in present-day deformation between the eastern and western Kenai peninsula, Alaska. Sites in the eastern Kenai peninsula and Prince William Sound move to the NNW relative to North America, in the direction of Pacific-North America relative plate motion. Velocities decrease in magnitude from nearly the full plate rate in southern Prince William Sound to about 30 mm/yr at Seward and to about 5 mm/yr near Anchorage. In contrast, sites in the western Kenai peninsula move to the SW, in a nearly trenchward direction, with a velocity of about 20 mm/yr. The data are consistent with the shallow plate interface offshore and beneath the eastern Kenai and Prince William Sound being completely locked or nearly so, with elastic strain accumulation resulting in rapid motion in the direction of relative plate motion of sites in the overriding plate. The velocities of sites in the western Kenai, along strike to the southwest, are opposite in sign with those predicted from elastic strain accumulation. These data are incompatible with a significant locked region in this segment of the plate boundary. Trenchward velocities are found also for some sites in the Anchorage area. We interpret the trenchward velocities as being caused by a continuing postseismic transient from the 1964 great Alaska earthquake.

Freymueller, Jeffrey T.

1999-01-01

249

ESTIMATING THE RISK TO INSURANCE COMPANIES FROM EARTHQUAKES - A CASE STUDY BASED ON SYDNEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently the insurance industry is going through a major period of change in the way it analyses and copes with catastrophic risks such as earthquakes and tropical cyclones. GIS based models simulating the impact of natural hazards on property portfolios, originally developed by earthquake engineering researchers, are being increasingly used as the basis for a sound financial risk management approach

George R. Walker; FIPENZ FAIB

250

Abstract Vibration based damage detection of engineering structures has become an important issue for maintenance operations on transport infrastructure. Research in vibration based structural damage detection has been rapidly expanding from classic  

E-print Network

T) in Canada has been instrumenting structures in collaboration with the Earthquake Engineering Research the instrumentation program has been accelerated to incorporate Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). Two designAbstract ­ Vibration based damage detection of engineering structures has become an important issue

Boyer, Edmond

251

Revolutionising Engineering Education in the Middle East Region to Promote Earthquake-Disaster Mitigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the high market demands for professional engineers in the Arab oil-producing countries, the appetite of Middle Eastern students for high-paying jobs and challenging careers in engineering has sharply increased. As a result, engineering programmes are providing opportunities for more students to enroll on engineering courses through lenient

Baytiyeh, Hoda; Naja, Mohamad K.

2014-01-01

252

The 1906 earthquake and a century of progress in understanding earthquakes and their hazards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 18 April 1906 San Francisco earthquake killed nearly 3000 people and left 225,000 residents homeless. Three days after the earthquake, an eight-person Earthquake Investigation Commission composed of 25 geologists, seismologists, geodesists, biologists and engineers, as well as some 300 others started work under the supervision of Andrew Lawson to collect and document physical phenomena related to the quake . On 31 May 1906, the commission published a preliminary 17-page report titled "The Report of the State Earthquake Investigation Commission". The report included the bulk of the geological and morphological descriptions of the faulting, detailed reports on shaking intensity, as well as an impressive atlas of 40 oversized maps and folios. Nearly 100 years after its publication, the Commission Report remains a model for post-earthquake investigations. Because the diverse data sets were so complete and carefully documented, researchers continue to apply modern analysis techniques to learn from the 1906 earthquake. While the earthquake marked a seminal event in the history of California, it served as impetus for the birth of modern earthquake science in the United States.

Zoback, M.L.

2006-01-01

253

Deep earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

Earthquakes are often recorded at depths as great as 650 kilometers or more. These deep events mark regions where plates of the earth's surface are consumed in the mantle. But the earthquakes themselves present a conundrum: the high pressures and temperatures at such depths should keep rock from fracturing suddenly and generating a tremor. This paper reviews the research on this problem. Almost all deep earthquakes conform to the pattern described by Wadati, namely, they generally occur at the edge of a deep ocean and define an inclined zone extending from near the surface to a depth of 600 kilometers of more, known as the Wadati-Benioff zone. Several scenarios are described that were proposed to explain the fracturing and slipping of rocks at this depth.

Frohlich, C.

1989-01-01

254

Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 2007, this website is a superb tool for learning about the ethical dilemmas engineers face in areas such as emerging technologies, environment, safety and sustainability, and responsible research. Visitors can learn about various ethical dilemmas via the site's collection of "Cases", "Essays & Articles", "Instructional Resources", and "Other Resources". The "Cases" link contains a fascinating collection of historical cases, hypothetical cases, fictionalized cases, numerical problems, and scenarios. Visitors will find cases that address a killer robot, reverse engineering, Internet privacy, and the real case of a "computerized radiation therapy machine and its software flaws, which caused massive overdoses to patients." The "Instructional Resources" link provides various university syllabi for courses on computers and the Internet, as well as a syllabus for a course for both young people and senior citizens which addresses the future of technology. Visitors will also find an informational article on the misuse of emerging technologies, entitled "Antibiotic Resistance and Dual Use".

255

Summaries of FY 1997 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Engineering Research Program for fiscal year 1997, it provides a summary for each of the program projects in addition to a brief program overview. The report is intended to provide staff of Congressional committees, other executive departments, and other DOE offices with substantive program information so as to facilitate governmental overview and coordination of Federal research programs. Of equal importance, its availability facilitates communication of program information to interested research engineers and scientists. The individual project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution; the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1997. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1997 appears to the right of address. The summary description of the project completes the entry. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-main address, where available.

NONE

1998-09-01

256

Research of Haiti earthquake disaster by using time series ALOS satellite image  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earthquake with a presumed magnitude of 7.0 occurred on January 12, 2010 in Port au Prince\\/Haiti. The disaster area has been extracted using an overlay technique of multi spectral data from the ALOS satellite and the maximum likelihood classification technique to compare images before the earthquake strike and after it struck. In addition, the situation of reconstruction was interpreted

Hideki Hashiba; Toshiro Sugimura

2011-01-01

257

An overview of the NASA rotary engine research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A brief overview and technical highlights of the research efforts and studies on rotary engines over the last several years at the NASA Lewis Research Center are presented. The test results obtained from turbocharged rotary engines and preliminary results from a high performance single rotor engine were discussed. Combustion modeling studies of the rotary engine and the use of a Laser Doppler Velocimeter to confirm the studies were examined. An in-house program in which a turbocharged rotary engine was installed in a Cessna Skymaster for ground test studies was reviewed. Details are presented on single rotor stratified charge rotary engine research efforts, both in-house and on contract.

Meng, P. R.; Hady, W. F.

1984-01-01

258

Work in progress - strengthening HBCU engineering education research capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for the Advancement of Scholarship on Engineering Education (CASEE) has collaborated with the council of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) engineering school deans to develop each school's capacity for rigorous engineering education research. As the project has drawn to a close, the schools were asked to provide written reports summarizing their activities, knowledge gained, and research planned

Elizabeth T. Cady; Norman L. Fortenberry

2007-01-01

259

Cost Engineering for manufacturing: Current and future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article aims to identify the scientific challenges and point out future research directions on Cost Engineering. The research areas covered in this article include Design Cost; Manufacturing Cost; Operating Cost; Life Cycle Cost; Risk and Uncertainty management and Affordability Engineering. Collected information at the Academic Forum on Cost Engineering held at Cranfield University in 2008 and further literature review

Y. Xu; F. Elgh; J. A. Erkoyuncu; O. Bankole; Y. Goh; W. M. Cheung; P. Baguley; Q. Wang; P. Arundachawat; E. Shehab; L. Newnes; R. Roy

2012-01-01

260

Cost Engineering for manufacturing: Current and future research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article aims to identify the scientific challenges and point out future research directions on Cost Engineering. The research areas covered in this article include Design Cost; Manufacturing Cost; Operating Cost; Life Cycle Cost; Risk and Uncertainty management and Affordability Engineering. Collected information at the Academic Forum on Cost Engineering held at Cranfield University in 2008 and further literature review

Y. Xu; F. Elgh; J. A. Erkoyuncu; O. Bankole; Y. Goh; W. M. Cheung; P. Baguley; Q. Wang; P. Arundachawat; E. Shehab; L. Newnes; R. Roy

2011-01-01

261

GeoEngineering Assessment & Research The climate cooling potential of  

E-print Network

GeoEngineering Assessment & Research The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options Tim Lenton & Naomi Vaughan GeoEngineering Assessment & Research (GEAR) initiative School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK www.gear.uea.ac.uk #12;GeoEngineering Assessment

Polz, Martin

262

Research at the Universit de Sherbrooke Faculty of Engineering NSERC Industrial Research Chairs Professor in charge  

E-print Network

Legeron Wyeth Research Chair on Process Analysis Technologies in Pharmaceutical Engineering (ChemicalResearch at the Université de Sherbrooke Faculty of Engineering NSERC Industrial Research Chairs Professor in charge NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Concrete Structure Analysis (Civil Engineering

Spino, Claude

263

Public Education for Household Mitigation and Preparedness for Earthquakes in California: The Research Base and Program Innovations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation summarizes the findings from previous research in the social sciences regarding the factors and processes that enhance the effectivenss of public education efforts for household mitigation and preparedness actions for earthquakes. The conclusions from this research base include that the most effective efforts are those that are designed as an ongoing process with multiple channels and types of public communications. Second, an anticipated survey to measure household mitigation and preparedness actions in the State of California is sumarized. This survey will measure actual household mitigation and preparedness actions taken, knowledge, perceived risk, and other factors that previous research suggests impact these actions and perceptions; each of these factors are reviewed. The presentation then illustrates how knowledge from previous research will be blended with the information obtained from the planned survey in order to desgin a state-of-the-art public education campaign in California that maximizes household mitigation and preparedness for earthquakes and mega-earthquakes. Among other things, this requires that government agencies, NGOs, and provate sector organizations cooperate to coordinate their efforts to maximize program effectivenss. Finally, how this program might be evaluated to inform program refinements over time is discussed.

Mileti, D. S.

2007-05-01

264

Seismic Safety Margins Research Program. Regional relationships among earthquake magnitude scales  

SciTech Connect

The seismic body-wave magnitude m{sub b} of an earthquake is strongly affected by regional variations in the Q structure, composition, and physical state within the earth. Therefore, because of differences in attenuation of P-waves between the western and eastern United States, a problem arises when comparing m{sub b}'s for the two regions. A regional m/sub b/ magnitude bias exists which, depending on where the earthquake occurs and where the P-waves are recorded, can lead to magnitude errors as large as one-third unit. There is also a significant difference between m{sub b} and M{sub L} values for earthquakes in the western United States. An empirical link between the m{sub b} of an eastern US earthquake and the M{sub L} of an equivalent western earthquake is given by M{sub L} = 0.57 + 0.92(m{sub b}){sub East}. This result is important when comparing ground motion between the two regions and for choosing a set of real western US earthquake records to represent eastern earthquakes. 48 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Chung, D. H.; Bernreuter, D. L.

1980-05-01

265

Engineering Research Division report on reports: calendar year 1979. [LLL  

SciTech Connect

A bibliography of publications of members of the Engineering Research Division of the Electronics Engineering Department is presented for 1979. Abstracts for 148 publications are included, along with author and keywork indexes. (RWR)

Gardner, C.L.; Johnston, S.J. (eds.)

1980-03-01

266

Engineering Research Division publication report, calendar year 1980  

SciTech Connect

Each year the Engineering Research Division of the Electronics Engineering Department at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory has issued an internal report listing all formal publications produced by the Division during the calendar year. Abstracts of 1980 reports are presented.

Miller, E.K.; Livingston, P.L.; Rae, D.C. (eds.)

1980-06-01

267

The Max Zar Scholarship in Engineering The purpose of this award is to provide scholarship support for senior undergraduate students majoring in an  

E-print Network

was a civil engineer from 1942 to 1979 with Sargent & Lundy, a Chicago-based firm specializing in electric, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, and the American

Kostic, Milivoje M.

268

The Max Zar Scholarship in Engineering The purpose of this award is to provide scholarship support for senior undergraduate students majoring in an  

E-print Network

engineer from 1942 to 1979 with Sargent & Lundy, a Chicago-based firm specializing in electric power Engineers, the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, and the American Nuclear Society. This scholarship

Kostic, Milivoje M.

269

Research at the Schulich School of Engineering The electrical and computer engineering department at the  

E-print Network

Research at the Schulich School of Engineering #12;The electrical and computer engineering Human-Computer Interaction Research Laboratory Micro/Nano Systems Advanced Technology Information and energy research. With a focus on applications in health care, and energy and the environment, research

Calgary, University of

270

Update on Engine Combustion Research at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this paper are to describe the research efforts in diesel engine combustion at Sandia National Laboratories' Combustion Research Facility and to provide recent experimental results. We have four diesel engine experiments supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies: a one-cylinder version of a Cummins heavy-duty engine, a diesel simulation facility, a one-cylinder Caterpillar engine to evaluate combustion of alternative fuels, and a homogeneous-charge, compression ignition (HCCI) engine. Recent experimental results of diesel combustion research will be discussed and a description will be given of our HCCI experimental program and of our HCCI modeling work.

Jay Keller; Gurpreet Singh

2001-05-14

271

Photonics Research Group School of Engineering & Applied Science  

E-print Network

Photonics Research Group School of Engineering & Applied Science Research Fellowships in Fibre Lasers and Photonic Bio-Sensing The Photonics Research Group, School of Engineering and Applied Science on the Leverhulme Trust and ERDF funded projects. The successful applicant will join a world-known Photonics

Turitsyn, Sergei K.

272

Prints for precision engineering research lathe (Engineering Materials)  

SciTech Connect

The precision engineering research lathe (PERL) is a small two-axis, ultra-high-precision turning machine used for turning very small contoured parts. Housed in a laminar-flow enclosure for temperature control, called a clean air envelope, PERL is maintained at a constant 68 degrees F (plus or minus 1 degree). The size of the lathe is minimized to reduce sensitivity to temperature variations. This, combined with internal water cooling of the spindle motor, the only major heat source on the machine, permits the use of air-shower temperature control. (This approach is a departure from previous designs for larger machines where liquid shower systems are used.) Major design features include the use of a T-configuration, hydrostatic oil slides, capstan slide drives, air-bearing spindles, and laser interferometer position feedback. The following features are particularly noteworthy: (1) to obtain the required accuracy and friction characteristics, the two linear slides are supported by 10-cm-travel hydrostatic bearings developed at LLNL; (2) to minimize backlash and friction, capstan drives are used to provide the slide motions; and (3) to obtain the best surface finish possible, asynchronous (nonrepeatable) spindle motion is minimized by driving the spindle directly with a brushless dc torque motor. PERL operates in single-axis mode. Using facing cuts on copper with a diamond tool, surface finishes of 7.5 nm peak-to-valley (1.5 nm rms) have been achieved.

Not Available

1982-12-01

273

Engineering for a Changing World: A Roadmap to the Future of Engineering Practice, Research, and Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Powerful forces, including demographics, globalization, and rapidly evolving technologies are driving profound changes in the role of engineering in society. The changing workforce and technology needs of a global knowledge economy are dramatically changing the nature of engineering practice, demanding far broader skills than simply the mastery of scientific and technological disciplines. The growing awareness of the importance of technological innovation to economic competitiveness and national security is demanding a new priority for application-driven basic engineering research. The nonlinear nature of the flow of knowledge between fundamental research and engineering application, the highly interdisciplinary nature of new technologies, and the impact of cyber infrastructure demand new paradigms in engineering research and development. Moreover, challenges such as the off-shoring of engineering jobs, the decline of student interest in scientific and engineering careers, immigration restrictions, and inadequate social diversity in the domestic engineering workforce are also raising serious questions about the adequacy of our current national approach to engineering.

Duderstadt, James J., 1942-

274

Understanding Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource features links to: an earthquake quiz; a rotating globe showing earthquake locations; famous earthquake accounts by Mark Twain, Jack London, Charles Darwin, and John Muir; a Java animation of the gradual buildup of stress that leads to earthquakes; a three-page history of seismology to 1910; and other educational and earthquake websites.

275

Manufacturing Engineering The research activities of the Manufacturing Engineering group are concerned with the  

E-print Network

Manufacturing Engineering The research activities of the Manufacturing Engineering group are concerned with the design, modelling and analysis of manufacturing systems, and the development of the next generation of integrated

Calgary, University of

276

Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Dedicated to Excellence in Science and Engineering Education  

E-print Network

Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Dedicated to Excellence in Science and Engineering Education Celebrating 14 Years of Education Outreach UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND MRSEC HOMESCHOOL. 24, Mar. 3, Mar. 10 Personal Information (Please print or type) First Name

Rubloff, Gary W.

277

Engineering Research and Technology Development on the Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report identifies and assesses the kinds of engineering research and technology development applicable to national, NASA, and commercial needs that can appropriately be performed on the space station. It also identifies the types of instrumentation that should be included in the space station design to support engineering research. The report contains a preliminary assessment of the potential benefits to U.S. competitiveness of engineering research that might be conducted on a space station, reviews NASA's current approach to jointly funded or cooperative experiments, and suggests modifications that might facilitate university and industry participation in engineering research and technology development activities on the space station.

1996-01-01

278

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science  

E-print Network

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science Science and Engineering (CISE), Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer science research in order to bring knowledge of engineering, computer science, and technological

Suzuki, Masatsugu

279

BERKELEY: INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & OPERATIONS RESEARCH Tenure, Tenure-Track Faculty -Decision Analytics  

E-print Network

BERKELEY: INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & OPERATIONS RESEARCH Tenure, Tenure-Track Faculty - Decision Analytics Department of Industrial Engineering & Operations Research and College of Engineering The DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING & OPERATIONS RESEARCH (IEOR) at University of California, Berkeley

O'Brien, James F.

280

The Use of Web Search Engines in Information Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on the use of Web search engines in information science research, including: ways users interact with Web search engines; social aspects of searching; structure and dynamic nature of the Web; link analysis; other bibliometric applications; characterizing information on the Web; search engine evaluation and improvement; and

Bar-Ilan, Judit

2004-01-01

281

Delft University of Technology Software Engineering Research Group  

E-print Network

- agrams. The resulting class diagram can be used by software engineers to un- derstand, refine, or re into associations. The resulting class diagram can be used by software engineers to understand, refine, or reDelft University of Technology Software Engineering Research Group Technical Report Series

van Deursen, Arie

282

SENIOR SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH ENGINEER Illinois Center for Transportation  

E-print Network

SENIOR SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH ENGINEER Illinois Center for Transportation Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN (Full-time) The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is seeking qualified candidates

Minsker, Barbara S.

283

THE OPERATIONS RESEARCH PROGRAM DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

THE OPERATIONS RESEARCH PROGRAM DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK. 79-2 February 1979 Department of Industrial Engineering State University of New York at Buffalo Specialty Conference, February 26, 1979. Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, State

Bialas, Wayne

284

DAVID R. WILLIAMS Dean for Research of Arts, Science, & Engineering  

E-print Network

and Dentistry, University of Rochester 1988-2009 Institute of Optics, College of Engineering and Applied Science1 DAVID R. WILLIAMS Dean for Research of Arts, Science, & Engineering William G. Allyn Professor of Arts, Science & Engineering 2009-pres Professor, Institute of Optics, University of Rochester 1995

Williams, David

285

An Engineering Research and Development Extranet Design Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a small engineering company, managing multiple new product development projects can be demanding. The purpose of the research reported in this paper was to develop an extranet design approach for supporting decision making for engineering new product development activities. A one year case study in a small UK engineering company was used as a basis for developing the new

M. J. Taylor; A. Murtada; Dhiya Al-jumeily

2008-01-01

286

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program  

E-print Network

will be investigated. A significant involvement in the topics related to the chemical engineering and materials science and Environmental Engineering Email shafei@engin.umass.edu Brief description of Summer Research Project (please a poster, and present the outcome in a seminar Is this a CASA-related project? Yes ___ No x Preferred

Mountziaris, T. J.

287

Proceedings of the 8 U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

. Investigation into finite element models and instrumented civil engineering structures has led Francisco, California, USA VARIATIONS IN THE DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF STRUCTURES: THE WIGNER-VILLE DISTRIBUTION for structural monitoring. Nonlinearities in the force displacement relationship will temporarily decrease

Greer, Julia R.

288

Engineering Research, Development and Technology, FY95: Thrust area report  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to develop the knowledge base, process technologies, specialized equipment, tools and facilities to support current and future LLNL programs. Engineering`s efforts are guided by a strategy that results in dual benefit: first, in support of Department of Energy missions, such as national security through nuclear deterrence; and second, in enhancing the nation`s economic competitiveness through their collaboration with US industry in pursuit of the most cost-effective engineering solutions to LLNL programs. To accomplish this mission, the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program has two important goals: (1) identify key technologies relevant to LLNL programs where they can establish unique competencies, and (2) conduct high-quality research and development to enhance their capabilities and establish themselves as the world leaders in these technologies. To focus Engineering`s efforts, technology thrust areas are identified and technical leaders are selected for each area. The thrust areas are comprised of integrated engineering activities, staffed by personnel from the nine electronics and mechanical engineering divisions, and from other LLNL organizations. This annual report, organized by thrust area, describes Engineering`s activities for fiscal year 1995. The report provides timely summaries of objectives methods, and key results from eight thrust areas: computational electronics and electromagnetics; computational mechanics; microtechnology; manufacturing technology; materials science and engineering; power conversion technologies; nondestructive evaluation; and information engineering.

NONE

1996-02-01

289

Research project for increasing pool of minority engineers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Tennessee State University (TSU) Research Project for Increasing the Pool of Minority Engineers is designed to develop engineers who have academic and research experiences in technical areas of interest to NASA. These engineers will also have some degree of familiarity with NASA Lewis Research Center as a result of interaction with Lewis engineers, field trips and internships at Lewis. The Research Project has four components, which are: (1) Minority Introduction to Engineering (MITE), a high school precollege program, (2) engineering and technology previews, (3) the NASA LeRC Scholars program which includes scholarships and summer internships, and (4) undergraduate research experiences on NASA sponsored research. MITE is a two-week summer engineering camp designed to introduce minority high school students to engineering by exposing them to: (1) engineering role models (engineering students and NASA engineer), (2) field trips to engineering firms, (3) in addition to introducing youth to the language of the engineer (i.e., science, mathematics, technical writing, computers, and the engineering laboratory). Three MITE camps are held on the campus of TSU with an average of 40 participants. MITE has grown from 25 participants at its inception in 1990 to 118 participants in 1994 with participants from 17 states, including the District of Columbia, and 51 percent of the participants were female. Over the four-year period, 77 percent of the seniors who participated in MITE have gone to college, while 53 percent of those seniors in college are majoring in science, engineering or mathematics (SEM). This first Engineering and Technology Previews held in 1993 brought 23 youths from Cleveland, Ohio to TSU for a two-day preview of engineering and college life. Two previews are scheduled for 1994-1995. The NASA LeRC Scholars program provides scholarships and summer internships for minority engineering students majoring in electrical or mechanical engineering. Presently six (6) engineering students are in the Scholars program. The average GPA for the scholars is 3.239. Each scholar must maintain a minimum GPA of 3.000/4.000. NASA LeRC Fred Higgs has been awarded a GEM Fellowship. In addition, he will be presenting a paper entitled 'Design of Helical Spring Using Probabilistic Design Methodology' at the Middle Tennessee Section ASME Student Design Presentations in Nashville on March 23rd and at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research to be held at Union College, Schenectady, New York on April 20-22, 1995. Each of the scholars is working on one of the three NASA sponsored research projects in the college.

Rogers, Decatur B.

1995-01-01

290

ORNL Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC)  

SciTech Connect

This video highlights the Vehicle Research Laboratory's capabilities at the Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC). FEERC is a Department of Energy user facility located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

None

2013-04-12

291

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING  

E-print Network

is Deputy Director for Water Resources Research. WASTE GUIDE ON THERMAL POLLUTION Copies of an "Industrial, Pacific Northwest Water Laboratory, Corvallis, Oregon, 97330, or Federal Water Pollution ControlNEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING THE UNIVERSITY

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

292

ORNL Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC)  

ScienceCinema

This video highlights the Vehicle Research Laboratory's capabilities at the Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center (FEERC). FEERC is a Department of Energy user facility located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

None

2014-06-26

293

Earthquakes Living Lab: Geology and Earthquakes in Japan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students study how geology relates to the frequency of large-magnitude earthquakes in Japan. Using the online resources provided through the Earthquakes Living Lab, students investigate reasons why large earthquakes occur in this region, drawing conclusions from tectonic plate structures and the locations of fault lines. Working in pairs, students explore the 1995 Kobe earthquake, why it happened and the destruction it caused. Students also think like engineers to predict where other earthquakes are likely to occur and what precautions might be taken. A worksheet serves as a student guide for the activity.

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

294

ARMA models for earthquake ground motions. Seismic safety margins research program  

SciTech Connect

Four major California earthquake records were analyzed by use of a class of discrete linear time-domain processes commonly referred to as ARMA (Autoregressive/Moving-Average) models. It was possible to analyze these different earthquakes, identify the order of the appropriate ARMA model(s), estimate parameters, and test the residuals generated by these models. It was also possible to show the connections, similarities, and differences between the traditional continuous models (with parameter estimates based on spectral analyses) and the discrete models with parameters estimated by various maximum-likelihood techniques applied to digitized acceleration data in the time domain. The methodology proposed is suitable for simulating earthquake ground motions in the time domain, and appears to be easily adapted to serve as inputs for nonlinear discrete time models of structural motions. 60 references, 19 figures, 9 tables.

Chang, M. K.; Kwiatkowski, J. W.; Nau, R. F.; Oliver, R. M.; Pister, K. S.

1981-02-01

295

John Wallace, PhD, PE, FACI P f St t l/E th k E i iProfessor, Structural/Earthquake Engineering  

E-print Network

InstrumentationInstrumentation Preliminary Observations Shear Wall SystemsShear Wall Systems Configuration IssuesJohn Wallace, PhD, PE, FACI P f St t l/E th k E i iProfessor, Structural/Earthquake Engineering Magnitude = Seismic Moment s w M M M = = Energy releasedE = 2 10 0 0 1 5( ) 1 5(8 8 7 0) 2 log 10.7 3 Shear

Grether, Gregory

296

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation  

E-print Network

Wind Engineering & Natural Disaster Mitigation For more than 45 years, Western University has been internationally recognized as the leading university for wind engineering and wind- related research. Its of environmental disaster mitigation, with specific strengths in wind and earthquake research. Boundary Layer Wind

Denham, Graham

297

ISSN 1931-5007 RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING HIGHLIGHTS  

E-print Network

ANL-11/49 ISSN 1931-5007 May 2012 RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE ADVANCED PHOTON programs, see www.anl.gov. Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge Laboratory, or UChicago Argonne, LLC. #12;APS SCIENCE 2011RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING HIGHLIGHTS FROM

Kemner, Ken

298

Power Systems Engineering Research Center Dennis Ray Ward Jewell  

E-print Network

Power Systems Engineering Research Center Dennis Ray Ward Jewell Executive Director, Power Systems-Learjet Fellow Madison, WI 53706-1691 Director, Power Quality Laboratory djray@engr.wisc.edu Wichita State an overview of the Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC), a National Science Foundation Industry

299

Nuclear science and engineering education at a university research reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of an on-site irradiation facility in nuclear science and engineering education is examined. Using the example of a university research reactor, the use of such devices in laboratory instruction, public outreach programs, special instructional programs, research, etc. is discussed. Examples from the Oregon State University curriculum in nuclear chemistry, nuclear engineering and radiation health are given.

W. Loveland

1993-01-01

300

Engaging high school teachers in engineering research: our experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the summer of 2002, the College of Engineering at USF implemented a research experience for high school and middle school teachers, aimed at making engineering accessible to students at an earlier level. This paper reports the experience of one such teacher-faculty member pair from the group. The teacher participated in a research project to improve the placement of utility

Donald D. Morrison; Stanley C. Kranc; Carlos A. Smith

2003-01-01

301

Earthquake resistant design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After having learned about earthquakes in class, through readings and earlier lab assignments, students (in groups of two) are asked to design and construct (using balsa wood, string, paper and glue) a three-story building designed to minimize the effects of shear-wave vibrations that occur during an earthquake. The students are required to research the design concepts on their own and most of the construction work occurs outside of the regular laboratory period. The structures are tested for strength a week before the earthquake occurs - can they support the required load for each floor? On earthquake day, the buildings a tested for a "design earthquake" and then each group is given the opportunity to see how "large" and earthquake their structure can withstand - both in terms of frequency and amplitude variations. In addition to building the structure, each team has to submit a paper reflecting on why they designed and built the structure the way they did.

Lawrence L. Malinconico

302

2007 Research and Engineering Annual Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Selected research and technology activities at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center are summarized. These following activities exemplify the Center's varied and productive research efforts: Developing a Requirements Development Guide for an Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance System; Digital Terrain Data Compression and Rendering for Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance Systems; Nonlinear Flutter/Limit Cycle Oscillations Prediction Tool; Nonlinear System Identification Using Orthonormal Bases: Application to Aeroelastic/Aeroservoelastic Systems; Critical Aerodynamic Flow Feature Indicators: Towards Application with the Aerostructures Test Wing; Multidisciplinary Design, Analysis, and Optimization Tool Development Using a Genetic Algorithm; Structural Model Tuning Capability in an Object-Oriented Multidisciplinary Design, Analysis, and Optimization Tool; Extension of Ko Straight-Beam Displacement Theory to the Deformed Shape Predictions of Curved Structures; F-15B with Phoenix Missile and Pylon Assembly--Drag Force Estimation; Mass Property Testing of Phoenix Missile Hypersonic Testbed Hardware; ARMD Hypersonics Project Materials and Structures: Testing of Scramjet Thermal Protection System Concepts; High-Temperature Modal Survey of the Ruddervator Subcomponent Test Article; ARMD Hypersonics Project Materials and Structures: C/SiC Ruddervator Subcomponent Test and Analysis Task; Ground Vibration Testing and Model Correlation of the Phoenix Missile Hypersonic Testbed; Phoenix Missile Hypersonic Testbed: Performance Design and Analysis; Crew Exploration Vehicle Launch Abort System-Pad Abort-1 (PA-1) Flight Test; Testing the Orion (Crew Exploration Vehicle) Launch Abort System-Ascent Abort-1 (AA-1) Flight Test; SOFIA Flight-Test Flutter Prediction Methodology; SOFIA Closed-Door Aerodynamic Analyses; SOFIA Handling Qualities Evaluation for Closed-Door Operations; C-17 Support of IRAC Engine Model Development; Current Capabilities and Future Upgrade Plans of the C-17 Data Rack; Intelligent Data Mining Capabilities as Applied to Integrated Vehicle Health Management; STARS Flight Demonstration No. 2 IP Data Formatter; Space-Based Telemetry and Range Safety (STARS) Flight Demonstration No. 2 Range User Flight Test Results; Aerodynamic Effects of the Quiet Spike(tm) on an F-15B Aircraft; F-15 Intelligent Flight Controls-Increased Destabilization Failure; F-15 Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control (IRAC) Improved Adaptive Controller; Aeroelastic Analysis of the Ikhana/Fire Pod System; Ikhana: Western States Fire Missions Utilizing the Ames Research Center Fire Sensor; Ikhana: Fiber-Optic Wing Shape Sensors; Ikhana: ARTS III; SOFIA Closed-Door Flutter Envelope Flight Testing; F-15B Quiet Spike(TM) Aeroservoelastic Flight Test Data Analysis; and UAVSAR Platform Precision Autopilot Flight Results.

Stoliker, Patrick; Bowers, Albion; Cruciani, Everlyn

2008-01-01

303

Seismological Research Letters Volume 82, Number 5 September/October 2011 623 Bad Assumptions or Bad Luck: Why Earthquake  

E-print Network

high hazard levels. The 2010 M 7.1 Haiti earthquake similarly occurred on a fault mapped in 2001 or Bad Luck: Why Earthquake Hazard Maps Need Objective Testing During World War II, future Nobel Prize when developing earthquake hazard maps, which ideally describe the level of earthquake hazards

Liu, Mian

304

Post-earthquake ignition vulnerability assessment of Kkekmece District  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, a geographic information system (GIS)-based model was developed to calculate the post-earthquake ignition probability of a building, considering damage to the building's interior gas and electrical distribution system and the overturning of appliances. In order to make our model more reliable and realistic, a weighting factor was used to define the possible existence of each appliance or other contents in the given occupancy. A questionnaire was prepared to weigh the relevance of the different components of post-earthquake ignitions using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP). The questionnaire was evaluated by researchers who were experienced in earthquake engineering and post-earthquake fires. The developed model was implemented to HAZTURK's (Hazards Turkey) earthquake loss assessment software, as developed by the Mid-America Earthquake Center with the help of Istanbul Technical University. The developed post-earthquake ignition tool was applied to Kkekmece, Istanbul, in Turkey. The results were evaluated according to structure types, occupancy types, the number of storeys, building codes and specified districts. The evaluated results support the theory that post-earthquake ignition probability is inversely proportional to the number of storeys and the construction year, depending upon the building code.

Yildiz, S. S.; Karaman, H.

2013-12-01

305

Research to practice: Using research findings to inform the first-year engineering experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meaningful experiences in the first year of an engineering curriculum are known to motivate students and help student retention in engineering. On-going research in the School of Engineering is aimed at understanding the formation of an engineering identity in students, as well as classifying and assessing problem-based learning practices embodied throughout the curriculum. Investigations were conducted with the inaugural freshman

H. Watson; O. Pierrakos; T. Newbold

2010-01-01

306

Earthquakes Living Lab: FAQs about P Waves, S Waves and More  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn what causes earthquakes, how we measure and locate them, and their effects and consequences. Through the online Earthquakes Living Lab, student pairs explore various types of seismic waves and the differences between shear waves and compressional waves. They conduct research using the portion of the living lab that focuses primarily on the instruments, methods and data used to measure and locate earthquakes. Using real-time U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) data accessed through the living lab interface, students locate where earthquakes are occurring and how frequently. Students propose questions and analyze the real-world seismic data to find answers and form conclusions. They are asked to think critically about why earthquakes occur and how knowledge about earthquakes can be helpful to engineers. A worksheet serves as a student guide for the activity.

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

307

Stirling engine research at national and university laboratories in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) reviewed research projects that are related to the development of Stirling engines and that are under way at Japanese national laboratories and universities. The research and development focused on component rather than on whole engine development. PNL obtained the information from a literature review and interviews conducted at the laboratories and universities. The universities have less equipment available and operate with smaller staffs for research than do the laboratories. In particular, the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory and the Aerospace Laboratory conduct high-quality component and fundamental work. Despite having less equipment, some of the researchers at the universities conduct high-quality fundamental research. As is typical in Japan, several of the university professors are very active in consulting and advisory capacities to companies engaged in Stirling engine development, and also with government and association advisory and technical committees. Contacts with these professors and selective examination of their research are good ways to keep abreast of Japanese Stirling developments.

Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-09-01

308

Experimental Research Progress of the VASIMR Engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Space Propulsion Laboratory (ASPL) of NASA's Johnson Space Center is performing research on a Variable Specific Impulse MagnetoPlasma Rocket (VASIMR). The VASIMR is a high power, radio frequency (RF) driven magnetoplasma rocket, capable of very high exhaust velocities, > 100 km/s. In addition, its unique architecture allows in- flight mission-optimization of thrust and specific impulse to enhance performance and reduce trip time. A NASA-led research team involving industry, academia and government facilities is pursuing the development of this concept in the United States. The ASPL's experimental research focuses on three major areas: helicon plasma production, ion cyclotron resonant acceleration (ICRA) and plasma expansion in a magnetic nozzle. The VASIMR experiment (VX-10) performs experimental research that demonstrates the thruster concept at a total RF power on the order of 10 kW. A flexible four- magnet system, with a 1.3 Tesla maximum magnetic field strength, is computer controlled to study axial magnetic field profile shape effects. Power generated at 10 - 50 MHz with about 5 kW is used to perform helicon plasma source development. A 3 MHz RF transmitter capable of 100 kW is available for ICRA experiments. The primary diagnostics are: gas mass flow controllers, RF input power, Langmuir probes, Mach probe, retarding potential analyzers (RPA), microwave interferometer, neutral pressure measurements and plasma light emission. In addition, many thermocouples are attached inside the vacuum chamber to measure heat loads around the plasma discharge. Helicon research so far has been done with hydrogen, deuterium, helium, nitrogen, argon, xenon and mixtures of these gases. Optimization studies have been performed with the magnetic field axial profile shape, gas flow rate, gas tube geometry and RF frequency. The highest performing discharges are found with a high magnetic field choke downstream of the helicon antenna. Upwards of a 40% gas utilization is measured. We measure high flow velocities (> ion sound speed) in the exhaust section after the magnetic choke and the velocity increases with the choke field strength. A strong interaction between the neutral gas and the plasma is observed with measurements in the source region, indicating the possible and desirable acceleration of neutrals by the charge exchange process. Heating profiles on the helicon gas tube indicate plasma production profiles. Highlights of the helicon optimization and measurements will be presented and discussed. ICRA experiments have begun, primarily using a helium helicon discharge as a target. Over 4 kW of power has been applied using a simple antenna array. We observe significant effects, plasma density and energy increase, when applying the power near the second harmonic of the helium ion in the magnetic field. These experiments are recent, so further studies and measurements are in progress. The latest results will be highlighted. Plasma flow measurements in the expanding magnetic field of the exhaust are in progress. Some highlights will be discussed, but more of the recent data are presented in another paper in this session.1 REFERENCES 1. Bering, III, EA, et al. "Ion Dynamics and ICRH Heating in the Exhaust Plasma of The VASIMR Engine", 53rd IAC, this session.

Squire, J. P.; Daz, F. R. Chang; Jacobson, V. T.; McCaskill, G. E.; Winter, D. S.

2002-01-01

309

David C. Prince-engineer, researcher, inventor  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Chandler Prince influenced electrical switchgear design in a way paralleled by few other engineers. He made decisions and took actions that changed forever the way power engineers design and apply switchgear. His contributions continue to influence this work. Prior to 1925, switching technologies were mostly an empirical art based on hydraulic conceptions of arc interruption. By 1935, art evolved

F. A. Furfari

2001-01-01

310

Experimental research on the Stirling engine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experiments on Stirling engines of the 50 KW class were conducted to clarify the characteristics of the engine and its problems. The problems involve durability of the high temperature heat exchanger which is exposed to high flame temperatures above 1600 C, thermal distortion and high temperature corrosion of the devices near combustion, and of the preheater.

Ishizaki, Y.; Tani, Y.; Haramura, N.

1982-01-01

311

Geotechnical Research Centre Faculty of Engineering Spencer Engineering Building  

E-print Network

engineering service. In 1965, L.G. Soderman formed one of the first Soil Mechanics Sections in Canada and services in the following areas: Stability of soil and rock slopes Soft ground tunneling and tunnels in rock Contaminant transport through soil and fractured rock Soil and foundation dynamics Static

Lennard, William N.

312

Researches on direct injection in internal-combustion engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These researches present a solution for reducing the fatigue of the Diesel engine by permitting the preservation of its components and, at the same time, raising its specific horsepower to a par with that of carburetor engines, while maintaining for the Diesel engine its perogative of burning heavy fuel under optimum economical conditions. The feeding of Diesel engines by injection pumps actuated by engine compression achieves the required high speeds of injection readily and permits rigorous control of the combustible charge introduced into each cylinder and of the peak pressure in the resultant cycle.

Tuscher, Jean E

1941-01-01

313

Earthquake Risk Mitigation in the Tokyo Metropolitan area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismic disaster risk mitigation in urban areas constitutes a challenge through collaboration of scientific, engineering, and social-science fields. Examples of collaborative efforts include research on detailed plate structure with identification of all significant faults, developing dense seismic networks; strong ground motion prediction, which uses information on near-surface seismic site effects and fault models; earthquake resistant and proof structures; and cross-discipline infrastructure for effective risk mitigation just after catastrophic events. Risk mitigation strategy for the next greater earthquake caused by the Philippine Sea plate (PSP) subducting beneath the Tokyo metropolitan area is of major concern because it caused past mega-thrust earthquakes, such as the 1703 Genroku earthquake (magnitude M8.0) and the 1923 Kanto earthquake (M7.9) which had 105,000 fatalities. A M7 or greater (M7+) earthquake in this area at present has high potential to produce devastating loss of life and property with even greater global economic repercussions. The Central Disaster Management Council of Japan estimates that the M7+ earthquake will cause 11,000 fatalities and 112 trillion yen (about 1 trillion US$) economic loss. This earthquake is evaluated to occur with a probability of 70% in 30 years by the Earthquake Research Committee of Japan. In order to mitigate disaster for greater Tokyo, the Special Project for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area (2007-2011) was launched in collaboration with scientists, engineers, and social-scientists in nationwide institutions. The results that are obtained in the respective fields will be integrated until project termination to improve information on the strategy assessment for seismic risk mitigation in the Tokyo metropolitan area. In this talk, we give an outline of our project as an example of collaborative research on earthquake risk mitigation. Discussion is extended to our effort in progress and scientific results obtained so far at the Earthquake Research Institute (ERI). ERI hosts the scientific part focusing on characterization of the plate structure and source faults in and around the Tokyo metropolitan area. One of the topics is ongoing deployment of seismic stations that constitute the Metropolitan Seismic Observation network (MeSO-net). We have deployed 226 stations with a 2-5 km interval in space. Based on seismic data obtained from the MeSO-net, we aim to reveal the detailed geometry of the subducting PSP.

Hirata, N.; Sakai, S.; Kasahara, K.; Nakagawa, S.; Nanjo, K.; Panayotopoulos, Y.; Tsuruoka, H.

2010-12-01

314

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a consortium of universities and research institutions dedicated to gathering information about earthquakes in Southern California, integrate that knowledge into a comprehensive and predictive understanding of earthquake phenomena, and communicate this understanding to end-users and the general public in order to increase earthquake awareness, reduce economic losses, and save lives. News of recent earthquake research, online resources and educational information is available here.

315

The Parkfield, California, Earthquake Experiment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report decribes research being carried out in Parkfield, California whose purpose is to better understand the physics of earthquakes: what actually happens on the fault and in the surrounding region before, during and after an earthquake. Ultimately, scientists hope to better understand the earthquake process and, if possible, to provide a scientific basis for earthquake prediction. Topics include the scientific background for the experiment, including the tectonic setting at Parkfield, historical earthquake activity on this section of the San Andreas fault, the monitoring and data collecting activities currently being carried out, and plans for future research. Data are also available to view in real time and to download.

316

Building Damage, Death and Downtime Risk Attenuation in Earthquakes  

E-print Network

Whether it is for pre-event prevention and preparedness or for post-event response and recovery of a catastrophic earthquake, estimates of damage, death and downtime (3d) losses are needed by engineers, owners, and policy makers. In this research, a...

Huang, Yinghui

2012-07-16

317

2007 Plant Metabolic Engineering Gordon Conference and Graduate Research Seminar  

SciTech Connect

Plant Metabolic Engineering is an emerging field that integrates a diverse range of disciplines including plant genetics, genomics, biochemistry, chemistry and cell biology. The Gordon-Kenan Graduate Research Seminar (GRS) in Plant Metabolic Engineering was initiated to provide a unique opportunity for future researcher leaders to present their work in this field. It also creates an environment allowing for peer-review and critical assessment of work without the intimidation usually associated with the presence of senior investigators. The GRS immediately precedes the Plant Metabolic Engineering Gordon Research Conference and will be for and by graduate students and post-docs, with the assistance of the organizers listed.

Erich Grotewold

2008-09-15

318

World Conference on Earthquake Engineering October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China  

E-print Network

an alternative and economical rehabilitation method. These rehabilitated RC joints were experimentally studied of life and property. The amounts of scientific researches and innovations on developing economical and easily applicable strengthening methods continuously increase. The other main objectives

Mobasher, Barzin

319

Supporting research and technology for automotive Stirling engine development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technology advancement topics described are a part of the supporting research and technology (SRT) program conducted to support the major Stirling engine development program. This support focuses on developing alternatives or backups to the engine development in critical areas. These areas are materials, seals control, combustors and system analysis. Specific objectives and planned milestone schedules for future activities as now envisioned are described. These planned SRT activities are related to the timeline of the engine development program that they must support.

Tomazic, W. A.

1980-01-01

320

Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates at Northwestern The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Northwestern  

E-print Network

in science and engineering fields. Research areas include ceramics, polymers, nanocomposites, photonicsSummer Research Experience for Undergraduates at Northwestern University The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Northwestern University offers a 9-week, paid summer research

Levine, Alex J.

321

Thrust Area Report, Engineering Research, Development and Technology  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to develop the knowledge base, process technologies, specialized equipment, tools and facilities to support current and future LLNL programs. Engineering`s efforts are guided by a strategy that results in dual benefit: first, in support of Department of Energy missions, such as national security through nuclear deterrence; and second, in enhancing the nation`s economic competitiveness through our collaboration with U.S. industry in pursuit of the most cost- effective engineering solutions to LLNL programs. To accomplish this mission, the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program has two important goals: (1) identify key technologies relevant to LLNL programs where we can establish unique competencies, and (2) conduct high-quality research and development to enhance our capabilities and establish ourselves as the world leaders in these technologies. To focus Engineering`s efforts technology {ital thrust areas} are identified and technical leaders are selected for each area. The thrust areas are comprised of integrated engineering activities, staffed by personnel from the nine electronics and mechanical engineering divisions, and from other LLNL organizations. This annual report, organized by thrust area, describes Engineering`s activities for fiscal year 1996. The report provides timely summaries of objectives, methods, and key results from eight thrust areas: Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics; Computational Mechanics; Microtechnology; Manufacturing Technology; Materials Science and Engineering; Power Conversion Technologies; Nondestructive Evaluation; and Information Engineering. Readers desiring more information are encouraged to contact the individual thrust area leaders or authors. 198 refs., 206 figs., 16 tabs.

Langland, R. T.

1997-02-01

322

Synthesizing Evidence in Software Engineering Research Daniela S. Cruzes  

E-print Network

, Theory Keywords Evidence-Based Software Engineering, Systematic Reviews, Research Synthesis, Qualitative in the extent to which they may be generalized [3]. Research synthesis is, thus, a way of making sense of what seek to answer the following research questions: 1. What is the basis, in terms of primary study types

323

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science Site  

E-print Network

Funding Opportunity: Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) in Engineering and Computer Science science research in order to bring knowledge of engineering, computer science, and technological the teachers and community college faculty in engineering and computer science research and helping them

Suzuki, Masatsugu

324

48 CFR 6.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...302-3 Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...To establish or maintain an essential engineering, research, or development...

2012-10-01

325

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2012-07-01

326

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2012-07-01

327

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2013-07-01

328

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2014-07-01

329

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2014-07-01

330

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2013-07-01

331

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2011-07-01

332

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Director of Defense Research and Engineering A Appendix A to Part 555 National...Director of Defense Research and Engineering June 14, 1974. Memorandum for...Departments Director of Defense Research and Engineering Assistant Secretary of Defense...

2013-07-01

333

48 CFR 6.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...302-3 Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...To establish or maintain an essential engineering, research, or development...

2013-10-01

334

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2010-07-01

335

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2010-07-01

336

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...true Director of Defense Research and Engineering A Appendix A to Part 555 National...Director of Defense Research and Engineering June 14, 1974. Memorandum for...Departments Director of Defense Research and Engineering Assistant Secretary of Defense...

2011-07-01

337

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2014-07-01

338

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2011-07-01

339

48 CFR 6.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...302-3 Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...To establish or maintain an essential engineering, research, or development...

2014-10-01

340

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2013-07-01

341

34 CFR 350.32 - What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? 350.32...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What activities must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center conduct? A...

2011-07-01

342

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2013-07-01

343

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2013-07-01 true Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2014-07-01

344

34 CFR 350.34 - Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory committee?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an advisory...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary Assist? 350.34 Which Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers must have an...

2010-07-01

345

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2010-07-01

346

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2010-07-01

347

48 CFR 6.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...302-3 Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...To establish or maintain an essential engineering, research, or development...

2010-10-01

348

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2011-07-01

349

34 CFR 350.33 - What cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.33 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...cooperation requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2012-07-01

350

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...true Director of Defense Research and Engineering A Appendix A to Part 555 National...Director of Defense Research and Engineering June 14, 1974. Memorandum for...Departments Director of Defense Research and Engineering Assistant Secretary of Defense...

2012-07-01

351

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2012-07-01

352

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 555 - Director of Defense Research and Engineering  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Director of Defense Research and Engineering A Appendix A to Part 555 National...Director of Defense Research and Engineering June 14, 1974. Memorandum for...Departments Director of Defense Research and Engineering Assistant Secretary of Defense...

2014-07-01

353

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2013-07-01

354

48 CFR 6.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability; or expert services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...302-3 Industrial mobilization; engineering, developmental, or research capability...To establish or maintain an essential engineering, research, or development...

2011-10-01

355

34 CFR 350.30 - What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? 350.30 ...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What requirements must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center meet? A...

2012-07-01

356

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2014-07-01

357

34 CFR 350.31 - What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? 350...CENTERS PROGRAM What Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers Does the Secretary...What collaboration must a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center engage in? A...

2011-07-01

358

FY10 Engineering Innovations, Research and Technology Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes key research, development, and technology advancements in Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate for FY2010. These efforts exemplify Engineering's nearly 60-year history of developing and applying the technology innovations needed for the Laboratory's national security missions, and embody Engineering's mission to ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow.'' Leading off the report is a section featuring compelling engineering innovations. These innovations range from advanced hydrogen storage that enables clean vehicles, to new nuclear material detection technologies, to a landmine detection system using ultra-wideband ground-penetrating radar. Many have been recognized with R&D Magazine's prestigious R&D 100 Award; all are examples of the forward-looking application of innovative engineering to pressing national problems and challenging customer requirements. Engineering's capability development strategy includes both fundamental research and technology development. Engineering research creates the competencies of the future where discovery-class groundwork is required. Our technology development (or reduction to practice) efforts enable many of the research breakthroughs across the Laboratory to translate from the world of basic research to the national security missions of the Laboratory. This portfolio approach produces new and advanced technological capabilities, and is a unique component of the value proposition of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. The balance of the report highlights this work in research and technology, organized into thematic technical areas: Computational Engineering; Micro/Nano-Devices and Structures; Measurement Technologies; Engineering Systems for Knowledge Discovery; and Energy Manipulation. Our investments in these areas serve not only known programmatic requirements of today and tomorrow, but also anticipate the breakthrough engineering innovations that will be needed in the future.

Lane, M A; Aceves, S M; Paulson, C N; Candy, J V; Bennett, C V; Carlisle, K; Chen, D C; White, D A; Bernier, J V; Puso, M A; Weisgraber, T H; Corey, B; Lin, J I; Wheeler, E K; Conway, A M; Kuntz, J D; Spadaccini, C M; Dehlinger, D A; Kotovsky, J; Nikolic, R; Mariella, R P; Foudray, A K; Tang, V; Guidry, B L; Ng, B M; Lemmond, T D; Chen, B Y; Meyers, C A; Houck, T L

2011-01-11

359

University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering | Research Awards University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering | Research Awards University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering Faculty Member Department Project Title Tim Bender

Sislian, J. P.

360

University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering | Research Awards University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering | Research Awards University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering Faculty Member Department Project Title Charles Jia

Sislian, J. P.

361

University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering | Research Awards University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering | Research Awards University of Toronto | Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering Year Awarded Faculty Member Department Project Title

Sislian, J. P.

362

Writing Good Software Engineering Research Papers Minitutorial  

E-print Network

the abstracts of research papers submitted to ICSE 2002 in order to identify the types of research reported are customary vehicles for reporting results to the research community. In a research paper, the author explains to an interested reader what he or she accomplished, and how the author accomplished it, and why the reader should

Carleton University

363

Requirements Engineering: a review and research agenda Anthony Finkelstein  

E-print Network

, Department of Computer Science, London EC1V 0HB acwf@cs.city.ac.uk Abstract This paper reviews the areaRequirements Engineering: a review and research agenda Anthony Finkelstein City University agenda. 1 Introduction The purpose of this paper is to give a review of requirements engineering

Finkelstein, Anthony

364

RESEARCH SEMINARDepartment of Engineering Mechanics Dr. Rajendra Bordia  

E-print Network

RESEARCH SEMINARDepartment of Engineering Mechanics Dr. Rajendra Bordia Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Washington Friday, July 23 3:30 p.m. Room 110 Othmer Hall, ability to form a ceramic material at low temperatures, and form high purity, tailorable composites

Farritor, Shane

365

Career Pathways of Science, Engineering and Technology Research Postgraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suitably qualified scientists and engineers are essential for research and development, innovation and, in turn, the growth of the economy. Science, engineering and technology skills are therefore necessary for Australia to remain competitive in a global market. This article reports findings from a nationwide study investigating the career

Giles, Marnie; Ski, Chantal; Vrdoljak, Davorin

2009-01-01

366

Science & Engineering for Global Health 2014 CEND Research Fellowship  

E-print Network

Science & Engineering for Global Health 2014 CEND Research Fellowship The "Science & Engineering for Global Health" Fellowship provides $10, 000 for PhD candidates and postdocs interested background, aims, methods, global health significance · Curriculum Vitae (2 pages) · Budget (1 page): include

367

Research and educational characteristics of the engineering management discipline  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary results of a worldwide study on engineering and technology management are presented. The year-long study was conducted under the sponsorship of IEEE Engineering Management Society as a follow-up to previous studies in 1977, 1981, and 1984. The objective was to determine the characteristics and strategic directions of the educational and research components of this field. Approximately 3000 individuals were

D. F. Kocaoglu

1990-01-01

368

Operation Research Methodologies in Industrial Engineering: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents the results of a survey taken among members of the Operations Research Division of the American Institute of Industrial Engineers as to perceived utility and familiarity with twelve methodologies commonly used in Industrial Engineering practice. A modification to the method of majority rule for weighting the opinions of respondents, based upon their degree of familiarity or expertise,

Robert E. Shannon; S. Scott Long; Billy P. Buckles

1980-01-01

369

CIRES/NGDC Research Associate Satellite Sensor Systems Engineer  

E-print Network

STP work to ensure that current and future space weather sensors provide effective operationalCIRES/NGDC Research Associate Satellite Sensor Systems Engineer The Cooperative Institute, Boulder, CO. This position is for a Satellite Sensor Systems Engineer within the NGDC Solar

Colorado at Boulder, University of

370

Biomedical engineering: A platform for research and innovation in ultrasound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An undergraduate or graduate degree in biomedical engineering prepares students to solve problems at the interface between engineering and medicine. Biomedical engineering encompasses evolving areas such as advanced medical imaging for diagnosis and treatment of disease, tissue engineering for designing and manufacturing biological implants for damaged or diseased tissues and organs, and bioinformatics for determining which genes play a major role in health and disease. Biomedical engineering academic programs produce graduates with the ability to pursue successful careers in the biomedical device industry or to obtain advanced degrees leading to careers in biomedical engineering research, medicine, law or business. Biomedical engineering majors take courses in biology, anatomy, physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics and medical product design and value life-long learning. Students learn to work effectively in interdisciplinary teams comprised of individuals with diverse social, cultural and technical backgrounds. Biomedical engineering is becoming increasingly important in imaging and image-guided research. Some examples of innovative ultrasound technology under development are ultrasound devices to accelerate the dissolution of blood clots, advanced surgical instruments with ultrasound guidance and ultrasound contrast agents for targeted drug delivery. Biomedical engineering is a great career choice for technically minded individuals who endeavor to work on applied problems that are medically relevant.

Holland, Christy K.

2001-05-01

371

Engineering Fluid Dynamics Research of the Group Engineering Fluid  

E-print Network

, research focuses on the fields listed below. Rotating flow machines The flow in centrifugal pumps- induced vibrations of compressor valves and on the unsteady motion of bluff bodies, in particular of gas

Twente, Universiteit

372

ERHAN KUTANOGLU Graduate Program in Operations Research and Industrial Engineering  

E-print Network

Director for Lean Manufacturing Activities August 2007 ­ Present Advanced Manufacturing Center, Cockrell Manufacturing Center, Cockrell School of Engineering Assistant Professor August 1999 ­ August 2002 Department February 1999 Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA · Concentration: Operations research, manufacturing

Kutanoglu, Erhan

373

35. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL TUBE (SIDE VIEW). - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

374

34. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. RESEARCH HYDRAULIC ENGINEER DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A BENTZEL TUBE (FRONT VIEW). - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

375

Engineering research progress report, October 1983-March 1984  

SciTech Connect

Our intent in this progress report is to provide a summary of the activities pursued by members of the Mechanical Engineering (ME) Department's Engineering Research Program. The Program's mission is to do research for specific applications in mechanical-engineering fields that are of immediate or potential interest to the Laboratory. The FY84 Program comprises nine projects in four thrust areas in the ME Department. The thrust areas are: Surface Measurements and Characterization; Fabrication Technology; Materials Characterization and Behavior; and Computer-Aided Engineering. In the past, our research was supported almost exclusively by weapons programs; recently, however, we significantly increased our involvement in other Laboratory programs as well. In response to this change, we have established new procedures and guidelines for the submission, review, and selection of research proposals.

Woo, H.H.; Cherniak, J.C.; Hymer, J.D.; Kamelgarn, M.B. (eds.)

1984-08-01

376

Maryland Engineering Research Internship Teams (MERIT) Robot Interaction Using Cricket,  

E-print Network

Maryland Engineering Research Internship Teams (MERIT) Robot Interaction Using Cricket, an Indoor In Collaboration With Joshua Lioi Clemson University © 2006 #12;Robot Interaction Using Cricket, an Indoor............................................................................................................................................. 5 Cricket System ......................................................... 6 INVERSE CRICKET SYSTEM

377

Estimating surface faulting impacts from the shakeout scenario earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An earthquake scenario, based on a kinematic rupture model, has been prepared for a Mw 7.8 earthquake on the southern San Andreas Fault. The rupture distribution, in the context of other historic large earthquakes, is judged reasonable for the purposes of this scenario. This model is used as the basis for generating a surface rupture map and for assessing potential direct impacts on lifelines and other infrastructure. Modeling the surface rupture involves identifying fault traces on which to place the rupture, assigning slip values to the fault traces, and characterizing the specific displacements that would occur to each lifeline impacted by the rupture. Different approaches were required to address variable slip distribution in response to a variety of fault patterns. Our results, involving judgment and experience, represent one plausible outcome and are not predictive because of the variable nature of surface rupture. ?? 2011, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Treiman, J.A.; Pontib, D.J.

2011-01-01

378

Engineering therapeutic processes: from research to commodity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three of the most important forces driving medical care are: patient specificity, treatment specificity and the move from discovery to design. Engineers while trained in specificity, efficiency, and design are often not trained in either biology or medical processes. Yet they are increasing critical to medical care. For example, modern medical imaging at US hospitals generates 1 exabyte (10^18 bytes) of data per year clearly beyond unassisted human analysis. It is not desirable to involve engineers in the acquisition, storage and analysis of this data, it is essential. While in the past we have nibbled around the edges of medical care, it is time and perhaps past time to insert ourselves more squarely into medical processes, making them more efficient, more specific and more robust. This requires engineers who understand biology and physicians who are willing to step away from classic medical thinking to try new approaches. But once the idea is proven in a laboratory, it must move into use and then into common practice. This requires additional engineering to make the process robust to noisy data and imprecise practices as well as workflow analysis to get the new technique into operating and treatment rooms. True innovation and true translation will require physicians, engineers, other medical stakeholders and even corporate involvement to take a new, important idea and move it not just to a patient but to all patients.

Galloway, Robert L.

2014-03-01

379

Steam engine research for solar parabolic dish  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The parabolic dish solar concentrator provides an opportunity to generate high grade energy in a modular system. Most of the capital is projected to be in the dish and its installation. Assurance of a high production demand of a standard dish could lead to dramatic cost reductions. High production volume in turn depends upon maximum application flexibility by providing energy output options, e.g., heat, electricity, chemicals and combinations thereof. Subsets of these options include energy storage and combustion assist. A steam engine design and experimental program is described which investigate the efficiency potential of a small 25 kW compound reheat cycle piston engine. An engine efficiency of 35 percent is estimated for a 700 C steam temperature from the solar receiver.

Demler, R. L.

1981-01-01

380

Heat engine regenerators: Research status and needs  

SciTech Connect

The rapidly oscillating, variable density flows of regenerative heat engines provide a class of poorly understood unsteady flow and heat transfer problems. These problems are not currently amenable to direct experimental resolution. Experiences in engine development and test programs and efforts to develop analysis tools point to the regenerator as a key area of insufficient understanding. Focusing on flow and heat transfer in regenerators, this report discusses similarity parameters for the flows and reviews the experimental data currently available for Stirling analysis. Then a number of experimental results are presented from recent fundamental fluid mechanical and thermal investigations that shed additional light on the functioning of heat engine regenerators. Suggestions are made for approaches for further measurement and analysis efforts.

Hutchinson, R.A.

1987-08-01

381

Earthquake Myths  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site serves to belie several popular myths about earthquakes. Students will learn that most earthquakes do not occur in the early morning and one cannot be swallowed up by an earthquake. In addition, there is no such thing as earthquake weather and California is not falling into the ocean. On the more practical side, students can learn that good building codes do not insure good buildings, it is safer under a table than in a doorway during an earthquake, and most people do not panic during an earthquake.

382

A wide range of major research resources are available for aerospace engineering research  

E-print Network

Facilities A wide range of major research resources are available for aerospace engineering for Advanced Science and Technology. Degrees Aerospace Engineering offers graduate programs leadingto.TheMedicalScholars Programallowsqualifiedstudentstointegratestudying medicine for a graduate degree in a second discipline including Aerospace Engineering. Areas

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

383

Summary of NACA Research on Afterburners for Turbojet Engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NACA research on afterburners for turbojet engines during the past 5 years is summarized. Although most of this work has been directed toward the development of specific afterburners for various engines rather than toward the accumulation of systematic data, it has, nevertheless, provided a large fund of experimental data and experience in the field. The references cited present over 1000 afterburner configurations and some 3500 hours of operation. In the treatment of the material of this summary, the principal effort has been to convey to the reader the "know-how" acquired by research engineers in the course of the work rather than to formulate a set of design rules.

Lundin, Bruce T; Gabriel, David S; Fleming, William A

1956-01-01

384

Research on the Core of Industrial Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is the core of eliminating ineffective work (EIW) of industrial engineering (IE), which stores in IE itself, that has been generalized in this paper, having been dated back to the theory upon husbanding labor & simplifying labor established by Adam Smith as a classical economist, to the management idea upon eliminating dawdling work & eliminating ineffective

Hai-Dong Liu; Guo-Liang Liu

2009-01-01

385

ETHICAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH  

E-print Network

of scientists and engineers, it is essential that they conduct their work responsibly, taking care articles (links provided). Grading: · Five case write-ups (2 pgs.) 35% · A final-project case analysis (5 pgs.) 30% · Six discussion memos (1 pg.) 25% · Class participation 10% Case write

Mather, Patrick T.

386

Status of Research in Biomedical Engineering 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This status report is divided into eight sections. The first four represent the classical engineering or building aspects of bioengineering and deal with biomedical instrumentation, prosthetics, man-machine systems and computer and information systems. The next three sections are related to the scientific, intellectual and academic influence of

National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

387

Predicting Earthquake Effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in the earth sciences and information technology have lead to dramatic improvements in our ability to respond to, as well as anticipate and mitigate, earthquake effects in our communities. The development of Geographic Information System (GIS) based tools such as ShakeMap and HAZUS have ushered in a new era of risk and emergency management. Real-time maps of strong ground motion, coupled with engineering-based descriptions of building and infrastructure inventory and vulnerability enable more accurate determinations of the location and severity of earthquake damage and the socio-economic consequences for emergency managers and officials following significant earthquakes. The ability to map the distribution and growth of seismic risk in the United States has long-term benefits for public policy as well. Long-term forecasts of seismic risk based on varying mitigation strategies can provide guidance for developing national and local earthquake policy. The successful performance of the Trans-Alaska pipeline during the 2002 Denali earthquake illustrates the dependence of performance-based engineering on the ability to predict earthquake effects (e.g., levels of strong ground motion, amounts of fault displacement or ground deformation). Being able to reduce the uncertainty in predicting these parameters has significant economic consequences and enables decision makers to more efficiently prioritize risk management strategies.

Nishenko, S.

2005-12-01

388

Earthquake consequences and measures for reduction of seismic risk.  

PubMed

Earthquakes are one of the most destructive of all natural disasters. This article discusses the consequences of earthquakes on material property. In addition, measures for the control and reduction of the consequences of earthquakes are described. Emphasis is placed on appropriate preparation by the general population and the need for a rapid and efficient response of governmental agencies. Finally, the experience of the staff of the Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology in minimizing the consequences of earthquakes is described. PMID:9380881

Jurukovski, D

1997-09-01

389

Research Project for Increasing the Pool of Minority Engineers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) funded the 2001-2002 Tennessee State University (TSU) Research Project for increasing the pool of minority engineers. The NASA GRC/TSU Research Project is designed to develop a cadre of SMET professionals who have academic and research expertise in technical areas of interest to NASA, in addition to having some familiarity with the mission of the NASA Glenn Research Center. The goal of increasing minority participation in SMET disciplines was accomplished by: (1) introducing and exposing 96 minority youth to Science, Math, Engineering, and Technology (SMET) careers and to the required high school preparation necessary to make high school graduation, college attendance and engineering careers a reality through the campus based pre-college SMET program: Minority Introduction to Engineering (MITE); (2) by providing financial support through scholarships for four (4) TSU engineering students to NASA; (3) familiarization with the SMET profession and with NASA through summer internships at NASA GRC for two TSU NASA Glenn Research Scholars; and experiences through research internships at NASA GRC.

Gott, Susan F. (Technical Monitor); Rogers, Decatur B.

2003-01-01

390

Turkish Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (TCIP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through a World Bank project a government-sponsored Turkish Catastrophic Insurance Pool (TCIP) is created in 2000 with the essential aim of transferring the government's financial burden of replacing earthquake-damaged housing to international reinsurance and capital markets. Providing coverage to about 2.9 Million homeowners TCIP is the largest insurance program in the country with about 0.5 Billion USD in its own reserves and about 2.3 Billion USD in total claims paying capacity. The total payment for earthquake damage since 2000 (mostly small, 226 earthquakes) amounts to about 13 Million USD. The country-wide penetration rate is about 22%, highest in the Marmara region (30%) and lowest in the south-east Turkey (9%). TCIP is the sole-source provider of earthquake loss coverage up to 90,000 USD per house. The annual premium, categorized on the basis of earthquake zones type of structure, is about US90 for a 100 square meter reinforced concrete building in the most hazardous zone with 2% deductible. The earthquake engineering related shortcomings of the TCIP is exemplified by fact that the average rate of 0.13% (for reinforced concrete buildings) with only 2% deductible is rather low compared to countries with similar earthquake exposure. From an earthquake engineering point of view the risk underwriting (Typification of housing units to be insured, earthquake intensity zonation and the sum insured) of the TCIP needs to be overhauled. Especially for large cities, models can be developed where its expected earthquake performance (and consequently the insurance premium) can be can be assessed on the basis of the location of the unit (microzoned earthquake hazard) and basic structural attributes (earthquake vulnerability relationships). With such an approach, in the future the TCIP can contribute to the control of construction through differentiation of premia on the basis of earthquake vulnerability.

Erdik, M.; Durukal, E.; Sesetyan, K.

2009-04-01

391

Inside Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By watching this National Geographic video, you will witness the destructive power of earthquakes. You will watch home videos taken during earthquake tremors and you will go inside the Earth for the birth of a quake.

2010-01-01

392

Characterizing Interdisciplinarity of Researchers and Research Topics Using Web Search Engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers' networks have been subject to active modeling and analysis. Earlier literature mostly focused on citation or co-authorship networks reconstructed from annotated scientific publication databases, which have several limitations. Recently, general-purpose web search engines have also been utilized to collect information about social networks. Here we reconstructed, using web search engines, a network representing the relatedness of researchers to their

Hiroki Sayama; Jin Akaishi

2012-01-01

393

Research reactor usage at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory in support of university research and education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory is a US Department of Energy laboratory which has a substantial history of research and development in nuclear reactor technologies. There are a number of available nuclear reactor facilities which have been incorporated into the research and training needs of university nuclear engineering programs. This paper addresses the utilization of the Advanced Reactivity Measurement Facility

D. M. Woodall; T. J. Dolan; A. G. Stephens

1990-01-01

394

Research Group Introduction : Mechanical Control Engineering Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department, Shibaura Institute of Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mechanical Control Engineering Laboratory focuses on the control theory and implementation for the robotic applications. The research themes include network based tele-operation, mobile robots control for network relay, autonomous outdoor mobile robot and biped robot.

??, ?

395

OPERATIONAL EARTHQUAKE FORECASTING State of Knowledge and Guidelines for Utilization  

E-print Network

.................................................................................................................................... 323 II. SCIENCE OF EARTHQUAKE FORECASTING AND PREDICTION 325 A. Definitions and Concepts....................................................................................................................................... 325 B. Research on Earthquake PredictabilityOPERATIONAL EARTHQUAKE FORECASTING State of Knowledge and Guidelines for Utilization Report

396

Hidden Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out that large earthquakes can take place not only on faults that cut the earth's surface but also on blind faults under folded terrain. Describes four examples of fold earthquakes. Discusses the fold earthquakes using several diagrams and pictures. (YP)

Stein, Ross S.; Yeats, Robert S.

1989-01-01

397

Virtual Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive feature shows students how an earthquake epicenter is located and how Richter magnitude is determined. They will use recordings of seismograms from three stations (provided in the activity), learn the difference between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, and that the magnitude of an earthquake is an estimate of the amount of energy that it has released.

Gary Novak

398

A RESEARCH SITUATION AND DEVELOPMENT TREND OF RESEARCH PROJECT ON INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT IN NATIONAL SCIENCE COUNCIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial engineer is a great contribution to economic growth. Every year personal research projects ware being subsidized by industrial engineering department in National Science Council, which is developing research work in the field of industrial engineer. This Study applied content analysis that founds research situation on research projects. And it use grey prediction forecast that development trend on research

Pao-Long Chang; Chin-Tsai Lin; Chia-Ho Chan

2001-01-01

399

13th Annual Transportation Engineering and Road Research Alliance (TERRA)  

E-print Network

13th Annual Sponsor: Transportation Engineering and Road Research Alliance (TERRA) Cosponsors: Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) Minnesota Local Technical Assistance Program (LTAP Association State Aid for Local Transportation, Mn/DOT Minnesota Local Road Research Board (LRRB) Pavement

Minnesota, University of

400

Research In Science and Engineering Jointly sponsored by  

E-print Network

Research In Science and Engineering Jointly sponsored by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey and the UMDNJ-Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Learn more about RISE at http://rise.rutgers.edu Summer reSearchSummer reSearch at Robert Wood Johnson

Chen, Kuang-Yu

401

Recent and Potential Application of Engineering Tools to Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a summary of some recent engineering research in education and identifies some research areas with high payoff potential. The underlying assumption is that a school is a system with a set of subsystems which is potentially susceptible to analysis, design, and eventually some sort of optimization. This assumption leads to the

Taft, Martin I.

402

Researchers Dispute Notion that America Lacks Scientists and Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers who track the American labor market told Congress last week that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the United States has more than enough scientists and engineers and that federal agencies and universities should reform the way they train young scientists to better match the supply of scientists with the demand for researchers. At a

Monastersky, Richard

2007-01-01

403

An overview of the Penn State Propulsion Engineering Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the Penn State Propulsion Engineering Research Center is presented. The following subject areas are covered: research objectives and long term perspective of the Center; current status and operational philosophy; and brief description of Center projects (combustion, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, materials compatibility, turbomachinery, and advanced propulsion concepts).

Merkle, Charles L.

1991-01-01

404

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING  

E-print Network

NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA LINCOLN, NEBRASKA 68503 WATER RESOURCES NEWS E -- -'----2 , ~_---.J-- Volume 2 Number 6 OWRR TITLE II PROPOSALS INVITED June, Julv 1970 The Office of Water Resources Research, U. S. Department

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

405

Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Universities and Colleges: 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive national database on key quantitative and qualitative aspects of scientific and engineering research facilities at universities and colleges is presented. This study was conducted in response to a Congressional request for systematic information on the status of academic research facilities. The National Science Foundation (NSF)

Westat, Inc., Rockville, MD.

406

An Overview of NASA Engine Ice-Crystal Icing Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ice accretions that have formed inside gas turbine engines as a result of flight in clouds of high concentrations of ice crystals in the atmosphere have recently been identified as an aviation safety hazard. NASA s Aviation Safety Program (AvSP) has made plans to conduct research in this area to address the hazard. This paper gives an overview of NASA s engine ice-crystal icing research project plans. Included are the rationale, approach, and details of various aspects of NASA s research.

Addy, Harold E., Jr.; Veres, Joseph P.

2011-01-01

407

Implications of earthquake triggering and rupture propagation for earthquake prediction based on premonitory phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple model of earthquake triggering and rupture propagation, based on concepts of earthquake mechanism commonly accepted, suggests that earthquake prediction (especially prediction of magnitude) might be very difficult, depending on the values of certain stress parameters. The concepts in the model suggest lines of research which may help to judge how successful the earthquake prediction effort might eventually be.

James N. Brune

1979-01-01

408

NASA Lewis Research Center/University Graduate Research Program on Engine Structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Lewis Research Center established a graduate research program in support of the Engine Structures Research activities. This graduate research program focuses mainly on structural and dynamics analyses, computational mechanics, mechanics of composites and structural optimization. The broad objectives of the program, the specific program, the participating universities and the program status are briefly described.

Chamis, C. C.

1985-01-01

409

Virtual Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Virtual Earthquake was created by California State University, Los Angeles, as part of the Electronic Desktop Project. This virtual simulation allows students to locate the epicenter of an earthquake and determine its magnitude on the Richter scale. Students can choose from four geographic areas for their simulation. Virtual Earthquake carefully guides the student through the steps required to calculate the epicenter and to determine the magnitude of a simulated earthquake. The actual epicenter is provided along with the epicenter determined by the user. The user can then determine the magnitude of the earthquake as measured on the Richter scale.

410

A. James Clark School of Engineering Excellence in Project Management Education, Research, & Outreach. 1  

E-print Network

A. James Clark School of Engineering Excellence in Project Management Education, Research of Engineering Excellence in Project Management Education, Research, & Outreach. 2 should equal project disciplines that contribute to project management: cost engineering, scheduling, legal, finance and accounting

Shapiro, Benjamin

411

Research highlights: micro-engineered therapies.  

PubMed

Lab on a chip systems have often focused on diagnostic, chemical, and cell analysis applications, however, more recently the scale and/or precision of micro-engineered systems has been applied in developing new therapies. In this issue we highlight recent work using microfluidic and micro-engineered systems in therapeutic applications. We discuss two approaches that use microfluidic precision to address challenges in filtering blood--to both remove unwanted pathogens and toxins and isolate rare cells of interest that have therapeutic potential. In both cases chemically-modified surfaces, a bioengineered mannose binding lectin on magnetic particles and antibody-functionalized reversibly degradable alginate film, provide the functionality to remove (or isolate) target cells of interest. The third paper we highlight generates microscale gels as protective niches for cell-based therapies. Importantly, the microgels are designed to have controlled porosity but also mechanical rigidity to protect housed therapeutic cells, like mesenchymal stem cells. We expect continued progress in micro- & nano-enabled therapies facilitated by the fabrication of new microstructured materials, precise separations, and closed-loop sensing and drug delivery. PMID:25353397

Kong, Janay Elise; Kahkeshani, Soroush; Pushkarsky, Ivan; Di Carlo, Dino

2014-12-21

412

Earthquakes Laboratory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this exercise, students will study the three types of faults, investigate the association between faults and earthquakes, and examine the relationship between earthquakes and plate tectonics. There is a set of animations that illustrate the types of seismic waves, an exercise in which students determine the location of an earthquake epicenter using arrival times of P and S waves, and an exercise in which they investigate earthquake magnitude and shaking intensity as a function of the length of rupture along a fault. They will understand that faults break due to accumulated stress, the energy is released as seismic waves that travel away from the earthquake location, that earthquake waves can be measured by an instrument called a seismometer, and that earthquakes commonly occur along plate boundaries.

413

Introduction to Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR) It is fair to say the industrial engineers and operations researchers cast the widest net of all  

E-print Network

Introduction to Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR) It is fair to say the industrial engineers and operations researchers cast the widest net of all engineers with regard themselves from others. In healthcare, for example, industrial engineers are more commonly known

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

414

Pollution prevention: Implications for engineering design, research, and education  

SciTech Connect

The role of engineers in the design of environmentally compatible products and industrial plants is discussed. Research is needed in the fields of waste reduction, development of biodegradable plastics, and in the reduction of particulate emissions by modification of particle size of pulverized coal. It is recommended that pollution control concepts be included in the normal engineering curricula of the separate disciplines and that selection and design of manufacturing processes and products include environmental constraints right from the start.

Friedlander, S.K.

1989-05-01

415

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine research perspectives for pediatric surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine research is being aggressively pursued in attempts to develop biological substitutes\\u000a to replace lost tissue or organs. Remarkable degrees of success have been achieved in the generation of a variety of tissues\\u000a and organs as a result of concerted contributions by multidisciplinary groups in the field of biotechnology. Engineering of\\u000a an organ is a complex

Amulya K. Saxena

2010-01-01

416

Fundamental heat transfer research for gas turbine engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thirty-seven experts from industry and the universities joined 24 NASA Lewis staff members in an exchange of ideas on trends in aeropropulsion research and technology, basic analyses, computational analyses, basic experiments, near-engine environment experiments, fundamental fluid mechanics and heat transfer, and hot technology as related to gas turbine engines. The workshop proceedings described include pre-workshop input from participants, presentations of current activity by the Lewis staff, reports of the four working groups, and a workshop summary.

Metzger, D. E. (editor)

1980-01-01

417

General aviation internal combustion engine research programs at NASA-Lewis Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An update is presented of non-turbine general aviation engine programs underway at the NASA-Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. The program encompasses conventional, lightweight diesel and rotary engines. Its three major thrusts are: (a) reduced SFC's; (b) improved fuels tolerance; and (c) reducing emissions. Current and planned future programs in such areas as lean operation, improved fuel management, advanced cooling techniques and advanced engine concepts, are described. These are expected to lay the technology base, by the mid to late 1980's, for engines whose life cycle fuel costs are 30 to 50% lower than today's conventional engines.

Willis, E. A.

1978-01-01

418

Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering  

E-print Network

, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering 228 Alumni Hall 3201 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312 Construction Management Earthquake and Wind Engineering Design Geoenvironmental Engineering Hazardous Waste mechanics, engineering geology, earthquake engineering, soil structure, and soil-water interactions

Heller, Barbara

419

Tissue Engineering Organs for Space Biology Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Long-term manned space flight requires a better understanding of skeletal muscle atrophy resulting from microgravity. Atrophy most likely results from changes at both the systemic level (e.g. decreased circulating growth hormone, increased circulating glucocorticoids) and locally (e.g. decreased myofiber resting tension). Differentiated skeletal myofibers in tissue culture have provided a model system over the last decade for gaining a better understanding of the interactions of exogenous growth factors, endogenous growth factors, and muscle fiber tension in regulating protein turnover rates and muscle cell growth. Tissue engineering these cells into three dimensional bioartificial muscle (BAM) constructs has allowed us to extend their use to Space flight studies for the potential future development of countermeasures.

Vandenburgh, H. H.; Shansky, J.; DelTatto, M.; Lee, P.; Meir, J.

1999-01-01

420

Summaries of FY 1995 engineering research  

SciTech Connect

The individual engineering project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution and so the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1995. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1995 appears to the right of title; it is followed by the budget activity number. These numbers categorize the projects for budgetary purposes and the categories are described in the budget number index. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-mail address, where available. The fiscal year in which either the project began or was renewed and the anticipated duration in years are indicated respectively by the first two and last digits of the sequence directly below the budget activity number. The summary description of the project completes the entry.

NONE

1996-03-01

421

Istanbul Earthquake Early Warning System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the preparations for the future earthquake in Istanbul a Rapid Response and Early Warning system in the metropolitan area is in operation. For the Early Warning system ten strong motion stations were installed as close as possible to the fault zone. Continuous on-line data from these stations via digital radio modem provide early warning for potentially disastrous earthquakes. Considering the complexity of fault rupture and the short fault distances involved, a simple and robust Early Warning algorithm, based on the exceedance of specified threshold time domain amplitude levels is implemented. The band-pass filtered accelerations and the cumulative absolute velocity (CAV) are compared with specified threshold levels. When any acceleration or CAV (on any channel) in a given station exceeds specific threshold values it is considered a vote. Whenever we have 2 station votes within selectable time interval, after the first vote, the first alarm is declared. In order to specify the appropriate threshold levels a data set of near field strong ground motions records form Turkey and the world has been analyzed. Correlations among these thresholds in terms of the epicenter distance the magnitude of the earthquake have been studied. The encrypted early warning signals will be communicated to the respective end users. Depending on the location of the earthquake (initiation of fault rupture) and the recipient facility the alarm time can be as high as about 8s. The first users of the early warning signal will be the Istanbul gas company (IGDAS) and the metro line using the immersed tube tunnel (MARMARAY). Other prospective users are power plants and power distribution systems, nuclear research facilities, critical chemical factories, petroleum facilities and high-rise buildings. In this study, different algorithms based on PGA, CAV and various definitions of instrumental intensity will be discussed and triggering threshold levels of these parameters will be studied. More complex algorithms based on artificial neural networks (ANN) can also be used [Boese et al., 2003]. ANN approach considers the problem of earthquake early-warning as a pattern recognition task. The seismic patterns can be defined by the shape and frequency content of the parts of accelerograms that are available at each time step. ANN can extract the engineering parameters PGA, CAV and instrumental intensity from these patterns, and map them to any location in the surrounded area. Boese M., Erdik, M., Wenzel, F. (2003), Artificial Neural Networks for Earthquake Early Warning, Proceedings AGU2003 Abstracts, S42B-0155

Alcik, H.; Mert, A.; Ozel, O.; Erdik, M.

2007-12-01

422

Chemical Engineering Division research highlights, 1979  

SciTech Connect

In 1979, CEN conducted research and development in the following areas: (1) high-temperature, rechargeable lithium/iron sulfide batteries for electric vehicles and electric utility load leveling; (2) ambient-temperature batteries - improved lead-acid, nickel/zinc, and nickel/iron - for electric vehicles; (3) molten carbonate fuel cells for use by electric utilities; (4) coal technology - mainly fluidized-bed combustion of coal in the presence of SO/sub 2/ sorbent of limestone; (5) heat- and seed- recovery technology for open-cycle magnetohydrodynamic systems; (6) solar energy collectors and thermal energy storage; (7) fast breeder reactor chemistry research - chemical support of reactor safety studies, chemistry of irradiated fuels, and sodium technology; (8) fuel cycle technology - reprocessing of nuclear fuels, management of nuclear wastes, geologic migration studies, and proof-of-breeding studies for the Light Water Breeder Reactor; (9) magnetic fusion research - lithium processing technology and materials research; and (10) basic energy sciences - homogeneous catalysis, thermodynamics of inorganic and organic materials, environmental chemistry, electrochemistry, and physical properties of salt vapors. Separate abstracts were prepared for each of these areas.

None

1980-06-01

423

30 News in Engineering RESEARCH UPDATE  

E-print Network

for this technology, and experts believe the type of fuel cell best suited to cars is one that runs on hydrogen. Ohio Environmentally Safer Catalyst Aids Hydrogen Production Around the world, researchers are working to develop fuel a toxic metal common to other catalysts. "Hydrogen is the ultimate fuel," said Umit Ozkan, professor

Davis, James W.

424

GREMEX update (Goddard research engineering management exercise)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Management simulation techniques offer training in management problems. Exercise was developed to provide experience in research and development project decision making from management rather than technological perspective. Program and documentation have been revised innumerable times in past. Described report is revised version as it exists to date.

Vaccaro, M. J.; Denault, M. F.

1973-01-01

425

EngineeringResearch2010 MICHIGAN TECHMICHIGAN TECH  

E-print Network

is achieving Research Centers & Institutes Keeping bridges healthy Diagnosing their ills from a distance Earth system designs Wind turbine aerodynamics Virtual testing of realistic, full-scale conditions Air & Water Water resources Understanding and mitigating hydroclimatic risk Volcanic cloud sensing Predicting

Endres. William J.

426

Engineering Design Thinking and Information Gathering. Final Report. Research in Engineering and Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research was to explore the relationship between information access and design solution quality of high school students presented with an engineering design problem. This objective is encompassed in the research question driving this inquiry: How does information access impact the design process? This question has emerged in

Mentzer, Nathan

2011-01-01

427

Earthquakes in Action: Incorporating Multimedia, Internet Resources, Large-scale Seismic Data, and 3-D Visualizations into Innovative Activities and Research Projects for Today's High School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The most effective means of communicating science to today's "high-tech" students is through the use of visually attractive and animated lessons, hands-on activities, and interactive Internet-based exercises. To address these needs, we have developed Earthquakes in Action, a summer high school enrichment course offered through the California State Summer School for Mathematics and Science (COSMOS) Program at the University of California, San Diego. The summer course consists of classroom lectures, lab experiments, and a final research project designed to foster geophysical innovations, technological inquiries, and effective scientific communication (http://topex.ucsd.edu/cosmos/earthquakes). Course content includes lessons on plate tectonics, seismic wave behavior, seismometer construction, fault characteristics, California seismicity, global seismic hazards, earthquake stress triggering, tsunami generation, and geodetic measurements of the Earth's crust. Students are introduced to these topics through lectures-made-fun using a range of multimedia, including computer animations, videos, and interactive 3-D visualizations. These lessons are further enforced through both hands-on lab experiments and computer-based exercises. Lab experiments included building hand-held seismometers, simulating the frictional behavior of faults using bricks and sandpaper, simulating tsunami generation in a mini-wave pool, and using the Internet to collect global earthquake data on a daily basis and map earthquake locations using a large classroom map. Students also use Internet resources like Google Earth and UNAVCO/EarthScope's Jules Verne Voyager Jr. interactive mapping tool to study Earth Science on a global scale. All computer-based exercises and experiments developed for Earthquakes in Action have been distributed to teachers participating in the 2006 Earthquake Education Workshop, hosted by the Visualization Center at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (http://siovizcenter.ucsd.edu/workshop). In addition to daily lecture and lab exercises, COSMOS students also conduct a mini-research project of their choice that uses data ranging from the 2004 Parkfield Earthquake, to Southern California seismicity, to global seismicity. Students collect seismic data from the Internet and evaluate earthquake locations, magnitudes, temporal sequence of seismic activity, active fault planes, and plate tectonic boundaries using research quality techniques. Students are given the opportunity to build 3-D visualizations of their research data sets and archive these at the SIO Visualization Center's online library, which is globally accessible to students, teachers, researchers, and the general public (http://www.siovizcenter.ucsd.edu/library.php). These student- generated visualizations have become a practical resource for not only students and teachers, but also geophysical researchers that use the visual objects as research tools to better explore and understand their data. Through Earthquakes in Action, we offer both the tools for scientific exploration and the thrills of scientific discovery, providing students with valuable knowledge, novel research experience, and a unique sense of scientific contribution.

Smith-Konter, B.; Jacobs, A.; Lawrence, K.; Kilb, D.

2006-12-01

428

Research on Prediction of Three Great Earthquakes During the Beginning of the 21st Century in the Northern Xizang Plateau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The northern Xizang Plateau is a main seismic zone inWest China. Since 1700, M ? 7 earthquakes have had an obvious commensurability and orderliness in this region. The main ordered values are 106107a, 7778a, 5354a, 2627a, 1112a, and 34a. According to the information forecasting theory ofWen-BoWeng (W. B.Weng, Fundamentals of Forecasting Theory. Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing 1984 (in Chinese)), combining ordered analysis with complex network technology, we try to explore the practical method for M ? 7 earthquake prediction with Chinese characteristics, and build a informational ordered network structure of M ?7 earthquakes in the northern Xizang Plateau. In this paper, we study the prediction of three great earthquakes (the 2001 Kunlunshan M8.1, the 2008Wenchuan M8.0, and the 2010 M7.1 Yushu earthquake) during the beginning of the 21st century based on the method of ordered network structure, and give many famous earthquake examples in China and abroad. Meanwhile, the cause of formation about the Wenchuan and Yushu earthquake has been discussed primarily. At last, we present some new prediction opinions: the future M ?7 earthquakes will happen in 2014 - 2015, 2026 - 2027, and 2030 pre and post in this region. The results show that this method has a unique effect on moderate term and long term prediction for great earthquakes.

Men, Kepei

2011-11-01

429

The collaborative program of research in engineering sciences  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, the Energy Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) began a collaborative program of energy-related engineering research. This program was extended for another three years starting in January 1991. The program continues to pursue three broad goals: to perform quality research on energy-related technologies involved in industrial processes and productivity; to demonstrate the potential of collaborative programs between universities and the national laboratories; and to encourage the transfer of the technology developed to the industrial sector. This annual report describes progress at MIT under the MIT/INEL program during the past year.

Hardt, D.E. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Energy Lab.)

1992-09-01

430

Geotechnical aspects of the January 2003 Tecoma??n, Mexico, earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ground failure was the most prominent geotechnical engineering feature of the 21 January 2003 Mw 7.6 Tecoma??n earthquake. Ground failure impacted structures, industrial facilities, roads, water supply canals, and other critical infrastructure in the state of Colima and in parts of the neighboring states of Jalisco and Michoaca??n. Landslides and soil liquefaction were the most common type of ground failure, followed by seismic compression of unsaturated materials. Reinforced earth structures generally performed well during the earthquake, though some structures experienced permanent lateral deformations up to 10 cm. Different ground improvement techniques had been used to enhance the liquefaction resistance of several sites in the region, all of which performed well and exhibited no signs of damage or significant ground deformation. Earth dams in the region experienced some degree of permanent deformation but remained fully functional after the earthquake. ?? 2005, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Wartman, J.; Rodriguez-Marek, A.; Macari, E.J.; Deaton, S.; Ramirez-Reynaga, M.; Ochoa, C.N.; Callan, S.; Keefer, D.; Repetto, P.; Ovando-Shelley, E.

2005-01-01

431

Earthquakes Living Lab: Designing for Disaster  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about factors that engineers take into consideration when designing buildings for earthquake-prone regions. Using online resources and simulations available through the Earthquakes Living Lab, students explore the consequences of subsurface ground type and building height on seismic destruction. Working in pairs, students think like engineers to apply what they have learned to sketches of their own building designs intended to withstand strong-magnitude earthquakes. A worksheet serves as a student guide for the activity.

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department,

432

THE IMPACT OF THERMAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH ON GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE  

SciTech Connect

Global climate change is recognized by many people around the world as being one of the most pressing issues facing our society today. The thermal engineering research community clearly plays an important role in addressing this critical issue, but what kind of thermal engineering research is, or will be, most impactful? In other words, in what directions should thermal engineering research be targeted in order to derive the greatest benefit with respect to global climate change? To answer this question we consider the potential reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, coupled with potential economic impacts, resulting from thermal engineering research. Here a new model framework is introduced that allows a technological, sector-by-sector analysis of GHG emissions avoidance. For each sector, we consider the maximum reduction in CO2 emissions due to such research, and the cost effectiveness of the new efficient technologies. The results are normalized on a country-by-country basis, where we consider the USA, the European Union, China, India, and Australia as representative countries or regions. Among energy supply-side technologies, improvements in coal-burning power generation are seen as having the most beneficial CO2 and economic impacts. The one demand-side technology considered, residential space cooling, offers positive but limited impacts. The proposed framework can be extended to include additional technologies and impacts, such as water consumption.

Phelan, Patrick [Arizona State University; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Otanicar, Todd [University of Tulsa; Phelan, Bernadette [Phelan Research Solutions, Inc.; Prasher, Ravi [Arizona State University; Taylor, Robert [University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Tyagi, Himanshu [Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, India

2014-01-01

433

The 1868 Hayward Earthquake Alliance: A Case Study - Using an Earthquake Anniversary to Promote Earthquake Preparedness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Last October 21st marked the 140th anniversary of the M6.8 1868 Hayward Earthquake, the last damaging earthquake on the southern Hayward Fault. This anniversary was used to help publicize the seismic hazards associated with the fault because: (1) the past five such earthquakes on the Hayward Fault occurred about 140 years apart on average, and (2) the Hayward-Rodgers Creek Fault system is the most likely (with a 31 percent probability) fault in the Bay Area to produce a M6.7 or greater earthquake in the next 30 years. To promote earthquake awareness and preparedness, over 140 public and private agencies and companies and many individual joined the public-private nonprofit 1868 Hayward Earthquake Alliance (1868alliance.org). The Alliance sponsored many activities including a public commemoration at Mission San Jose in Fremont, which survived the 1868 earthquake. This event was followed by an earthquake drill at Bay Area schools involving more than 70,000 students. The anniversary prompted the Silver Sentinel, an earthquake response exercise based on the scenario of an earthquake on the Hayward Fault conducted by Bay Area County Offices of Emergency Services. 60 other public and private agencies also participated in this exercise. The California Seismic Safety Commission and KPIX (CBS affiliate) produced professional videos designed forschool classrooms promoting Drop, Cover, and Hold On. Starting in October 2007, the Alliance and the U.S. Geological Survey held a sequence of press conferences to announce the release of new research on the Hayward Fault as well as new loss estimates for a Hayward Fault earthquake. These included: (1) a ShakeMap for the 1868 Hayward earthquake, (2) a report by the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics forecasting the number of employees, employers, and wages predicted to be within areas most strongly shaken by a Hayward Fault earthquake, (3) new estimates of the losses associated with a Hayward Fault earthquake, (4) new ground motion simulations of a Hayward Fault earthquake, (5) a new USGS Fact Sheet about the earthquake and the Hayward Fault, (6) a virtual tour of the 1868 earthquake, and (7) a new online field trip guide to the Hayward Fault using locations accessible by car and public transit. Finally, the California Geological Survey and many other Alliance members sponsored the Third Conference on Earthquake Hazards in the East Bay at CSU East Bay in Hayward for the three days following the 140th anniversary. The 1868 Alliance hopes to commemorate the anniversary of the 1868 Hayward Earthquake every year to maintain and increase public awareness of this fault, the hazards it and other East Bay Faults pose, and the ongoing need for earthquake preparedness and mitigation.

Brocher, T. M.; Garcia, S.; Aagaard, B. T.; Boatwright, J. J.; Dawson, T.; Hellweg, M.; Knudsen, K. L.; Perkins, J.; Schwartz, D. P.; Stoffer, P. W.; Zoback, M.

2008-12-01

434

An International Undergraduate Research Experience in Sustainable Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburghs Swanson School of Engineering (Pitt) recently launched a new International Research Experience for Students Program (IRES) sponsored by the National Science Foundation in sustainable engineering research. The Pitt IRES program presents an innovative international research experience in sustainable design for a select group of undergraduate engineering students who have high potential to pursue graduate education. Interns in the IRES program participate in a 12-week summer internship where they join a multidiscipline research team focused on a complex sustainability problem. Each team is co-led by faculty from the Pitt and the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in Campinas, So Paolo, Brazil. The first year included eight preparatory weeks in Pittsburgh before traveling to Brazil for four weeks in residence at UNICAMP. The program concludes with the team preparing and presenting a final research report at the end of the summer. Interns have an opportunity to continue in the program for a second year. This paper discusses the experience during and after the first year of the IRES program at Pitt. It also discusses the research conducted during this first year focusing on sustainable drinking water systems. This will be a student-led presentation in which the students discuss their research and experiences with the program.

Larimer, Curtis

435

Advancing Global Capacity for Engineering Education Research: Relating Research to Practice, Policy and Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented from a series of moderated interactive sessions held at international engineering education conferences between July 2007 and December 2008, where attendees discussed the current state and future trajectory of engineering education research. More specifically, this study examines how session attendees described: (1) the

Jesiek, Brent K.; Borrego, Maura; Beddoes, Kacey

2010-01-01

436

Nonlinear processes in earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Three-dimensional, elastic-wave-propagation calculations were performed to define the effects of near-source geologic structure on the degree to which seismic signals produced by earthquakes resemble {open_quotes}non-double-couple{close_quotes} sources. Signals from sources embedded in a subducting slab showed significant phase and amplitude differences compared with a {open_quotes}no-slab{close_quotes} case. Modifications to the LANL elastic-wave propagation code enabled improved simulations of path effects on earthquake and explosion signals. These simulations demonstrate that near-source, shallow, low-velocity basins can introduce earthquake-like features into explosion signatures through conversion of compressive (P-wave) energy to shear (S- and R-wave) modes. Earthquake sources simulated to date do not show significant modifications.

Jones, E.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Frohlich, C. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Institute of Geophysics

1998-12-31

437

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housed at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center reports and provides information on seismic activity in Alaska. While its southern Pacific coast colleague, California, gets a lot more attention when it comes to earthquakes, Alaska experienced a magnitude 6.7 earthquake already this summer and was rocked by a 7.9 in 2002. The site offers links to general information about the center, general earthquake information, research activities at the center, education and outreach materials (including information on seismology education projects), and much more. The site is well populated with materials and should provide a great resources for those interested in North American seismic events.

438

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Mr. Kio

2008-12-06

439

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

VVS Earth Science

2008-12-03

440

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Mr. Perry

2008-11-18

441

Earth Planets Space, 56, 621633, 2004 Intermediate-term precursors of great subduction zone earthquakes  

E-print Network

earthquakes: An application for predicting the Tokai earthquake Tetsuzo Seno Earthquake Research Institute-term earthquake predictions. Key words: Prediction, precursor, interplate earthquake, tide gauge, uplift; Savage, 1983). Long-term prediction programs for great interplate earthquakes in Japan are based

Seno, Tetsuzo

442

An overview of NASA intermittent combustion engine research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper overviews the current program, whose objective is to establish the generic technology base for advanced aircraft I.C. engines of the early 1990's and beyond. The major emphasis of this paper is on development of the past two years. Past studies and ongoing confirmatory experimental efforts are reviewed, which show unexpectly high potential when modern aerospace technologies are applied to inherently compact and balanced I.C. engine configurations. Currently, the program is focussed on two engine concepts the stratified-charge, multi-fuel rotary, and the lightweight two-stroke diesel. A review is given of contracted and planned high performance one-rotor and one-cylinder test engine work addressing several levels of technology. Also reviewed are basic supporting efforts, e.g., the development and experimental validation of computerized airflow and combustion process models, being performed in-house at Lewis Research Center and by university grants.

Willis, E. A.; Wintucky, W. T.

1984-01-01

443

Reconnaissance engineering geology of the Haines area, Alaska, with emphasis on evaluation of earthquake and other geologic hazards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Alaska earthquake of March 27, 1964, brought into sharp focus the need for engineering geologic studies in urban areas. Study of the Haines area constitutes an integral part of an overall program to evaluate earthquake and other geologic hazards in most of the larger Alaska coastal communities. The evaluations of geologic hazards that follow, although based only upon reconnaissance studies and, therefore, subject to revision, will provide broad guidelines useful in city and land-use planning. It is hoped that the knowledge gained will result in new facilities being built in the best possible geologic environments and being designed so as to minimize future loss of life and property damage. Haines, which is in the northern part of southeastern Alaska approximately 75 miles northwest of Juneau, had a population, of about 700 people in 1970. It is built at the northern end of the Chilkat Peninsula and lies within the Coast Mountains of the Pacific Mountain system. The climate is predominantly marine and is characterized by mild winters and cool summers. The mapped area described in this report comprises about 17 square miles of land; deep fiords constitute most of the remaining mapped area that is evaluated in this study. The Haines area was covered by glacier ice at least once and probably several times during the Pleistocene Epoch. The presence of emergent marine deposits, several hundred feet above sea level, demonstrates that the land has been uplifted relative to sea level since the last major deglaciation of the region about 10,000 years ago. The rate of relative uplift of the land at Haines during the past 39 years is 2.26 cm per year. Most or all of this uplift appears to be due to rebound as a result of deglaciation. Both bedrock and surficial deposits are present in the area. Metamorphic and igneous rocks constitute the exposed bedrock. The metamorphic rocks consist of metabasalt of Mesozoic age and pyroxenite of probable early middle Cretaceous age. The igneous rocks consist of diorite and quartz diorite (tonalite) of Cretaceous age. Sedimentary rocks of Tertiary age may be present in the mapped area but are not exposed. The surficial deposits of Quaternary age,-have been divided into the following map units on the basis of time Of deposition, mode of origin, and grain size: (1) undifferentiated drift deposits, (2) outwash and Ice-contact deposits; (3) elevated fine-grained marine deposits, (4) elevated shore and delta deposits, (5) alluvial fan deposits, (6) colluvial deposits, (7) modern beach deposits, (8) Chilkat River flood-plain and delta deposits, and (9) manmade fill. Offshore deposits are described but are not mapped. Southeastern Alaska lies within the tectonically active belt that rims the northern Pacific Basin and has been active since at least early Paleozoic time. The outcrop pattern is the result of late Mesozoic and Tertiary deformational, metamorphic, and intrusive events. Large-scale faulting has been common. The two most prominent inferred fault systems in southeastern Alaska and surrounding regions are: (1) The Denali fault system and (2) the Fairweather-Queen Charlotte Islands fault system. In the general area of Haines, rocks of Mesozoic age northeast of Chilkat River have a simple monoclinal structure. Paleozoic-Mesozoic rocks southwest of Chilkat River are gently to rather complexly folded. Several major and numerous minor faults probably transect the general area of Haines but their exact location and character can only be inferred because their traces are coincident to the long axes of fiords and river valleys, where they are concealed by water or by valley-floor deposits. Inferred faults in or near the Haines mapped area are: (1) Chilkat River fault, (2) Chilkoot fault, (3) Takhin fault, and (4) faults in the saddle area at Haines. Southeastern Alaska lies in one of the two most seismically active zones in Alaska, a State where 6 percent of the world's shallow earthqua

Lemke, Richard Walter; Yehle, Lynn A.

1972-01-01

444

Glacial earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have identified a new class of moderate earthquakes (seismic magnitude around 5) that occur beneath glaciers. The previously unknown glacial earthquakes generate long-period (20--60~sec) seismic surface waves that are well recorded on globally distributed seismic stations, but which have previously gone undetected because they do not generate the high-frequency seismic waves on which traditional earthquake detection and location methodologies

G. Ekstrm; M. Nettles; G. A. Abers

2003-01-01

445

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity has students gather and plot records of earthquakes. It is designed to be either long or short term, depending on the needs of the instructor. Students will gain practice working with map coordinates while becoming familiar with the frequency of earthquake occurrences, the location and magnitude of earthquakes, and the locations of plate boundaries. In addition, this exercise will illustrate the importance of measurements, data storage, analysis and worldwide scientific collaboration.

Arden Rauch

446

Basic research in computer science and software engineering at SKLCS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State Key Laboratory of Computer Science (SKLCS) is committed to basic research in computer science and software engineering.\\u000a The research topics of the laboratory include: concurrency theory, theory and algorithms for real-time systems, formal specifications\\u000a based on context-free grammars, semantics of programming languages, model checking, automated reasoning, logic programming,\\u000a software testing, software process improvement, middleware technology, parallel algorithms and

Jian Zhang; Wenhui Zhang; Naijun Zhan; Yidong Shen; Haiming Chen; Yunquan Zhang; Yongji Wang; Enhua Wu; Hongan Wang; Xueyang Zhu

2008-01-01

447

Engineering research, development and technology. Thrust area report, FY93  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Engineering Research, Development, and Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to develop the technical staff, tools, and facilities needed to support current and future LLNL programs. The efforts are guided by a dual-benefit research and development strategy that supports Department of Energy missions, such as national security through nuclear deterrence and economic competitiveness through partnerships with U.S. industry. This annual report, organized by thrust area, describes the activities for the fiscal year 1993. The report provides timely summaries of objectives, methods, and results from nine thrust areas for this fiscal year: Computational Electronics and Electromagnetics; Computational Mechanics; Diagnostics and Microelectronics; Fabrication Technology; Materials Science and Engineering; Power Conversion Technologies; Nondestructive Evaluation; Remote Sensing, Imaging, and Signal Engineering; and Emerging Technologies. Separate abstracts were prepared for 47 papers in this report.

Not Available

1994-05-01

448

Formulating a Concept Base for Secondary Level Engineering: A Review and Synthesis. Research in Engineering and Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to identify and refine a conceptual foundation for secondary school engineering education. Specifically, this study sought to address the following research questions: (1) What engineering concepts are present in literature related to the nature and philosophy of engineering?; (2) What engineering concepts are embedded

Custer, Rodney L.; Daugherty, Jenny L.; Meyer, Joseph P.

2009-01-01

449

Tenure track positions in systems engineering In response to growing Navy demands for systems engineering education and research,  

E-print Network

Tenure track positions in systems engineering In response to growing Navy demands for systems complex engineered systems. Excellent teaching references are required. For senior positions, a solid engineering education and research, the Naval Postgraduate School is expanding its systems engineering faculty

450

Engineering Education in Biomimetic MicroElectronic Systems: An Urban Engineering Research Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2003, the National Science Foundation awarded a large private urban research university funds to create an Engineering Research Center (ERC)- a center dedicated to the coordination of groundbreaking research in the development of biomimetic devices. The ERC brings physicians, biologists, engineers and educators together to develop microelectronic systems that interact with living, human tissues. The resulting technology enables implantable and portable devices that can treat presently incurable diseases such as blindness, loss of neuromuscular control, paralysis, and the loss of cognitive function. The researchers focus on mixed signal systems on chip, power and data management, intelligent analog circuits, interface technology at the nano- and microscales to integrate microelectronic systems with neurons, and new materials designed to prevent rejection. The ERC has a significantly reformed engineering education effort with foci on undergraduate and graduate engineering with a BME application focus. These reform efforts combine the collaborative expertise of the universitys school of engineering, a school of medicine and a school of education. The engineering educational reform efforts combine undergraduate and graduate coursework with comprehensive, innovative, and multidisciplinary laboratory experiences aligned to the ERCs BME test beds for all students. Students have opportunities to engage in powerful research side-by-side premiere researchers using aninductively based, situated approach to curriculum and instruction. The ERCs engineering educational approaches address four broad themes: Access, Inductively based Situated Learning, Retention and Career outcomes. This paper reports both on baseline access, retention, and career data and a logic model associated with a comprehensive curricular reform resulting from the access, retention and career baseline data. As a result of this baseline data, the ERC educational team has found innovative ways to infuse inductively based, situated curriculum and instruction in addition to a student-centric outcome metrics into all aspects of the BME curriculum and associated laboratory experiences. These assessment measures build on the principles established in educational psychology and include pre and posttest BME concept inventories, rubric-based laboratory assessments, BME efficacy measures and employer satisfaction measures. A comprehensive assessment profile is in the process of being created for program graduates at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. This ASEE paper is a work in progress report as the engineering education reform engaged in via the ERC represents a comprehensive reform process incorporated in to NSF engineering research center funding that extends for a ten year period.

Khoo, Michel

451

Competence in Engineering: A Tale of Two Women. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Who persists in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields? Looking for ways to increase persistence rates, the authors frequently look for the characteristics that differentiate persisters and non-persisters. However, the choice to persist may not be as binary as these two terms would imply. The research reported here begins to

Matusovich, Holly; Streveler, Ruth; Miller, Ron; Olds, Barbara

2009-01-01

452

Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group  

E-print Network

for generating maps of soil topographic index (STI) from TI maps and soil data. The procedure for generating a topographic index (TI) map from DEM is described in "Creating TI map". #12;Biological and Environmental Engineering Soil & Water Research Group ·STI grids are soil topographic index grids, derived from digital

Walter, M.Todd

453

Principal Research Engineer Cooper Tire and Rubber Company,  

E-print Network

W. V. Mars Principal Research Engineer Cooper Tire and Rubber Company, 701 Lima Ave., Findlay, Ohio Natural Rubber Under Monotonic and Cyclic Multiaxial Stress States This work explores the monotonic and cyclic behaviors of filled, natural rubber. Results of stress-strain experiments conducted under stress

Fatemi, Ali

454

Power Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper  

E-print Network

to the control center operators and security coordinators, or to the computers that can detect anomalous patterns that operators on different control centers on different parts of the grid can communicate intelligentlyPower Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper Monitoring and Control of Power

455

Power Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper  

E-print Network

in planning and operation of the electric grid to determine secure operating limits for how much power canPower Systems Engineering Research Center PSERC Background Paper Analyzing Blackout Events-mortem studies of the two 1996 blackout events as an invited member of the Operating Capability Study Group which

456

College of Engineering Summer Research Experience for Undergraduates Program  

E-print Network

for an Engineering Student for Summer 2011 Research Faculty Name ________ Mi-Hyun Park the interdisciplinary nature of this project). This project will investigate the stormwater pollution pollution, in preparation Please return this form to: Lorraine Robidoux, REU Program Coordinator 129 Marston

Mountziaris, T. J.

457

Graduate Research in Technology and Engineering Education: 2000-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to amass as comprehensive a collection of dissertations and theses in technology and engineering education as possible, and to conduct a modified meta-analysis of this body of research. The current study was limited to dissertations and theses completed between 2000 and 2009 that were identified using the ProQuest

Foster, W. Tad

2010-01-01

458

1. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN WITH VIDEO-CONTROLED MODEL BOAT IN MODEL NAVIGATION CHANNEL. NOTE CONTROL TRAILER IN BACKGROUND. - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

459

2. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. HYDRAULIC ENGINEER PILOTING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. CHANNEL DIMENSIONS AND ALIGNMENT RESEARCH INSTRUMENTATION. HYDRAULIC ENGINEER PILOTING VIDEO-CONTROLED BOAT MODEL FROM CONTROL TRAILER. NOTE VIEW FROM BOAT-MOUNTED VIDEO CAMERA SHOWN ON MONITOR, AND MODEL WATERWAY VISIBLE THROUGH WINDOW AT LEFT. - Waterways Experiment Station, Hydraulics Laboratory, Halls Ferry Road, 2 miles south of I-20, Vicksburg, Warren County, MS

460

77 FR 52701 - Board on Coastal Engineering Research  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...statements may be submitted prior to the meeting or up to 30 days after the meeting. William D. Martin, Director, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center. [FR Doc. 2012-21405 Filed 8-29-12; 8:45...

2012-08-30

461

The case for research in game engine architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a call for research in the field of game engine architecture and design, a more comprehensive and thorough understanding of which we consider to be essential for its development. We present a number of key aspects that may help to define the problem space and provide a catalogue of questions that we believe identify areas of interest

Eike Falk Anderson; Steffen Engel; Leigh McLoughlin; Peter Comninos

2008-01-01

462

Engineering graphics and image processing at Langley Research Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of making raster graphics and image processing techniques readily available for the analysis and display of engineering and scientific data is stated. The approach is to develop and acquire tools and skills which are applied to support research activities in such disciplines as aeronautics and structures. A listing of grants and key personnel are given.

Voigt, Susan J.

1985-01-01

463

CIRES/GSD Professional Research Assistant Sr. HPC Systems Engineer  

E-print Network

forecasts. ESRL/GSD is a part of NOAA's Research and Development High Performance Computing Systems Program of GSD is looking for a temporary (12 mo) full-time Sr. High Performance Computing (HPC) System Engineer to support multiple state-of-the-art High Performance Computers in Boulder, CO and Fairmont, WV. The Sr

Colorado at Boulder, University of

464

ENGINEERING STATUS OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE)  

E-print Network

several industrial participants. The design under development has a major radius of 2 m, a minor radiusENGINEERING STATUS OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE) Philip J. Heitzenroeder Dale magnetic fusion energy program. FIRE's programmatic mission is to attain, explore, understand, and optimize

465

Use of university research reactors to teach control engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

University research reactors (URRs) have provided generations of students with the opportunity to receive instruction and do hands-on work in reactor dynamics, neutron scattering, health physics, and neutron activation analysis. Given that many URRs are currently converting to programmable control systems, the opportunity now exists to provide a similar learning experience to those studying systems control engineering. That possibility is

1991-01-01

466

Power Systems Engineering Research Center Education for Workforce Development  

E-print Network

an online library of short (i.e., 15-20 minute) videos on various topics of sustainable energy systemsPower Systems Engineering Research Center Education for Workforce Development: A PSERC Future Grid of the emerging power grid with heavy penetration of renewables and massive deployment of computer

Van Veen, Barry D.

467

IOWA INSTITUTE OF HYDRAULIC RESEARCH COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

Nakato ** Ice Engineering: Design Criteria for Protecting Riverine and Marine Structures Against Ice Marshall * High Resolution Rainfall Observing System for Support of Remote Sensing Studies ARO Krajewski Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research Newsletter CGRER Mutel * ** A Color PIV System

Stanier, Charlie

468

Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere College of ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

Colorado Floods of 2013 16 Education and Outreach 18 Communiqué Contents #12;Fall 2013 CIRA Magazine 1Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere College of ENGINEERING Volume 39, Fall 2013 flooding that occurred in early September and caused tremendous heartache as well as financial damage

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

469

Power Systems Engineering Research Center Renewable Electricity Futures  

E-print Network

Power Systems Engineering Research Center Renewable Electricity Futures Trieu Mai Electricity of the extent to which renewable energy supply can meet the electricity demands of the contiguous United States renewable electricity generation levels: from 30% up to 90% (focusing on 80%) of all U.S. electricity

Van Veen, Barry D.

470

Initiatives to Reduce Earthquake Risk of Developing Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The seventeen-year-and-counting history of the Palo Alto-based nonprofit organization GeoHazards International (GHI) is the story of many initiatives within a larger initiative to increase the societal impact of geophysics and civil engineering. GHI's mission is to reduce death and suffering due to earthquakes and other natural hazards in the world's most vulnerable communities through preparedness, mitigation and advocacy. GHI works by raising awareness in these communities about their risk and about affordable methods to manage it, identifying and strengthening institutions in these communities to manage their risk, and advocating improvement in natural disaster management. Some of GHI's successful initiatives include: (1) creating an earthquake scenario for Quito, Ecuador that describes in lay terms the consequences for that city of a probable earthquake; (2) improving the curricula of Pakistani university courses about seismic retrofitting; (3) training employees of the Public Works Department of Delhi, India on assessing the seismic vulnerability of critical facilities such as a school, a hospital, a police headquarters, and city hall; (4) assessing the vulnerability of the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives in Dharamsala, India; (5) developing a seismic hazard reduction plan for a nonprofit organization in Kathmandu, Nepal that works to manage Nepal's seismic risk; and (6) assisting in the formulation of a resolution by the Council of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to promote school earthquake safety among OECD member countries. GHI's most important resource, in addition to its staff and Board of Trustees, is its members and volunteer advisors, who include some of the world's leading earth scientists, earthquake engineers, urban planners and architects, from the academic, public, private and nonprofit sectors. GHI is planning several exciting initiatives in the near future. One would oversee the design and construction of an earthquake- and tsunami-resistant structure in Sumatra to house a tsunami museum, a community training center, and offices of a local NGO that is preparing Padang for the next tsunami. This facility would be designed and built by a team of US and Indonesian academics, architects, engineers and students. Another initiative would launch a collaborative research program on school earthquake safety with the scientists and engineers from the US and the ten Islamic countries that comprise the Economic Cooperation Organization. Finally, GHI hopes to develop internet and satellite communication techniques that will allow earthquake risk managers in the US to interact with masons, government officials, engineers and architects in remote communities of vulnerable developing countries, closing the science and engineering divide.

Tucker, B. E.

2008-12-01

471

Role of Young Scientists in the Emergency Response and Scientific Investigation Related to the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake: Performance Evaluation and Discussion on the Implications to Seismological Education and Training  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Wenchuan Ms 8.0 earthquake is one of the largest inland earthquakes in continental China in the last 30 years. Over twenty thousand aftershocks were detected and aftershocks are still occurring along the Longmenshan thrust fault. Facing challenge of such large earthquakes, it is a new problem for our education, training and human resource management about how to respond quickly and arrange effectively to reduce the earthquake disasters and carry out relative researches. For such an earthquake, the Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration (IGPCEA) organized a series of investigation immediately after the quake. The researches include application in seismology, geomagnetism, seismotectonics, engineering seismology, earthquake engineering and socio-seismology. In the third day after the earthquake, many young scientists involved in the deployment of mobile seismic stations to record aftershock sequence. Up to now, 79 experts of our institute have been arranged to go to the meizoseismal region for monitoring and investigation. Among them, over 40 young scientists are no more than 40 years old, including many graduates. Less than 36 hours after the Wenchuan earthquake, 17 quick reports have been sent to China Earthquake Administration for the consultation of the emergency response. These researches dealt with a wide-band of topics from earthquake location, focal mechanism, rupture processes to suggestion on the rescue actions. According to experiences and lessons of the field works in the Wenchuan earthquake, it is deserved for us to think how to arrange theoretical courses and practical training more practical for young graduates and scientists to meet the demands of the reduction of earthquake disasters. Key words: Wenchuan earthquake; Longmenshan fault; young scientists; education and training

Qiao, S.; Zhang, D.; Chen, Y.; Xiao, C.; Feng, C.

2008-12-01

472

A preliminary report on the Great Wenchuan Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The May 12, 2008 Great Wenchuan Earthquake has resulted in more than 68,858 deaths and losses in the hundreds of billions RMB as of May 30, 2008, and these numbers will undoubtedly increase as more information becomes available on the extent of the event. Immediately after the earthquake, the China Earthquake Administration (CEA) responded quickly by sending teams of experts to the affected region, eventually including over 60 staff members from the Institute of Engineering Mechanics (IEM). This paper reports preliminary information that has been gathered in the first 18 days after the event, covering seismicity, search and rescue efforts, observed ground motions, and damage and loss estimates. The extensive field investigation has revealed a number of valuable findings that could be useful in improving research in earthquake engineering in the future. Once again, this earthquake has shown that the vertical component of ground motion is as significant as horizontal ground motions in the near-source area. Finally, note that as more information is gathered, the numbers reported in this paper will need to be adjusted accordingly.

Wang, Zifa

2008-06-01

473

Listening to Earthquakes with Infrasound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A tripartite infrasound array was installed to listen to earthquakes occurring along the Guy-Greenbrier fault in Arkansas. The active earthquake swarm is believed to be caused by deep waste water injections and will allow us to explain the mechanisms causing earthquake "booms" that have been heard during an earthquake. The array has an aperture of 50 meters and is installed next to the X301 seismograph station run by the Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI). This arrangement allows simultaneous recording of seismic and acoustic changes from the arrival of an earthquake. Other acoustic and seismic sources that have been found include thunder from thunderstorms, gunshots, quarry explosions and hydraulic fracturing activity from the local gas wells. The duration of the experiment is from the last week of June to the last week of September 2011. During the first month and a half, seven local earthquakes were recorded, along with numerous occurrences of the other infrasound sources. Phase arrival times of the recorded waves allow us to estimate wave slowness and azimuth of infrasound events. Using these two properties, we can determine whether earthquake "booms" occur at a site from the arrival of the P-wave or whether the earthquake "booms" occur elsewhere and travel through the atmosphere. Preliminary results show that the infrasound correlates well to the ground motion during an earthquake for frequencies below 15 Hertz.

Mucek, A. E.; Langston, C. A.

2011-12-01

474

NASA Space Engineering Research Center for VLSI systems design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This annual review reports the center's activities and findings on very large scale integration (VLSI) systems design for 1990, including project status, financial support, publications, the NASA Space Engineering Research Center (SERC) Symposium on VLSI Design, research results, and outreach programs. Processor chips completed or under development are listed. Research results summarized include a design technique to harden complementary metal oxide semiconductors (CMOS) memory circuits against single event upset (SEU); improved circuit design procedures; and advances in computer aided design (CAD), communications, computer architectures, and reliability design. Also described is a high school teacher program that exposes teachers to the fundamentals of digital logic design.

1991-01-01

475

Global earthquake casualties due to secondary effects: A quantitative analysis for improving rapid loss analyses  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This study presents a quantitative and geospatial description of global losses due to earthquake-induced secondary effects, including landslide, liquefaction, tsunami, and fire for events during the past 40 years. These processes are of great importance to the US Geological Survey's (USGS) Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system, which is currently being developed to deliver rapid earthquake impact and loss assessments following large/significant global earthquakes. An important question is how dominant are losses due to secondary effects (and under what conditions, and in which regions)? Thus, which of these effects should receive higher priority research efforts in order to enhance PAGER's overall assessment of earthquakes losses and alerting for the likelihood of secondary impacts? We find that while 21.5% of fatal earthquakes have deaths due to secondary (non-shaking) causes, only rarely are secondary effects the main cause of fatalities. The recent 2004 Great Sumatra-Andaman Islands earthquake is a notable exception, with extraordinary losses due to tsunami. The potential for secondary hazards varies greatly, and systematically, due to regional geologic and geomorphic conditions. Based on our findings, we have built country-specific disclaimers for PAGER that address potential for each hazard (Earle et al., Proceedings of the 14th World Conference of the Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, 2008). We will now focus on ways to model casualties from secondary effects based on their relative importance as well as their general predictability. ?? Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.

Marano, K.D.; Wald, D.J.; Allen, T.I.

2010-01-01

476

Global Earthquake Casualties due to Secondary Effects: A Quantitative Analysis for Improving PAGER Losses  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This study presents a quantitative and geospatial description of global losses due to earthquake-induced secondary effects, including landslide, liquefaction, tsunami, and ?re for events during the past 40 years. These processes are of great importance to the US Geological Surveys (USGS) Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) system, which is currently being developed to deliver rapid earthquake impact and loss assessments following large/signi?cant global earthquakes. An important question is how dominant are losses due to secondary effects (and under what conditions, and in which regions)? Thus, which of these effects should receive higher priority research efforts in order to enhance PAGERs overall assessment of earthquakes losses and alerting for the likelihood of secondary impacts? We ?nd that while 21.5% of fatal earthquakes have deaths due to secondary (non-shaking) causes, only rarely are secondary effects the main cause of fatalities. The recent 2004 Great SumatraAndaman Islands earthquake is a notable exception, with extraordinary losses due to tsunami. The potential for secondary hazards varies greatly, and systematically, due to regional geologic and geomorphic conditions. Based on our ?ndings, we have built country-speci?c disclaimers for PAGER that address potential for each hazard (Earle et al., Proceedings of the 14th World Conference of the Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, 2008). We will now focus on ways to model casualties from secondary effects based on their relative importance as well as their general predictability.

Wald, David J.

2010-01-01

477

FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE ENGINEERING NEWS  

E-print Network

ROOM PASSION FUELS CO-OP STUDENTS EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING EARLY WARNING AND MONITORING SYSTEMS DESIGNED. The system, developed by UBC earth- quake engineers and their government and industry partners, monitors Clean Energy Research Centre continue to develop alternative renewable energy sources including wind

478

Geopotential research mission, science, engineering and program summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is based upon the accumulated scientific and engineering studies pertaining to the Geopotential Research Mission (GRM). The scientific need and justification for the measurement of the Earth's gravity and magnetic fields are discussed. Emphasis is placed upon the studies and conclusions of scientific organizations and NASA advisory groups. The engineering design and investigations performed over the last 4 years are described, and a spacecraft design capable of fulfilling all scientific objectives is presented. In addition, critical features of the scientific requirements and state-of-the-art limitations of spacecraft design, mission flight performance, and data processing are discussed.

Keating, T. (editor); Taylor, P. (editor); Kahn, W. (editor); Lerch, F. (editor)

1986-01-01

479

Earthquake Hazards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a survey and a review of earthquake activity and global tectonics from the advancement of the theory of continental drift to the present. Topics include: an identification of the major seismic regions of the earth, seismic measurement techniques, seismic design criteria for buildings, and the prediction of earthquakes. (BT)

Donovan, Neville

1979-01-01

480

Earthquake prediction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The state of the art in earthquake prediction is discussed. Short-term prediction based on seismic precursors, changes in the ratio of compressional velocity to shear velocity, tilt and strain precursors, electromagnetic precursors, hydrologic phenomena, chemical monitors, and animal behavior is examined. Seismic hazard assessment is addressed, and the applications of dynamical systems to earthquake prediction are discussed.

Turcotte, Donald L.

1991-01-01

481

Earthquake Prediction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video segment adapted from NOVA tells the tragic story of two Japanese seismologists who disagreed about the threat of earthquakes in the early twentieth century. Today, seismologists in California offer residents a probability of risk that an earthquake might occur.

2005-12-17

482

Plotting Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners discover how to plot earthquakes on a map by exploring recent earthquake activity in California and Nevada. Within this activity, learners also practice using latitudinal and longitudinal lines and make predictions. This detailed lesson plan includes key vocabulary words, background information for educators, extension ideas, and resources.

2012-06-26

483

Earthquakes 101  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By watching this National Geographic video, you will learn all about earthquakes! You will learn what causes them, how many occur daily, and where they usually happen. The video will also tell you about some of the earthquakes that have occurred in the United States.

2010-01-01

484

Towards a portal and search engine to facilitate academic and research collaboration in engineering and education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While international academic and research collaborations are of great importance at this time, it is not easy to find researchers in the engineering field that publish in languages other than English. Because of this disconnect, there exists a need for a portal to find Who's Who in Engineering Education in the Americas. The objective of this thesis is to built an object-oriented architecture for this proposed portal. The Unified Modeling Language (UML) model developed in this thesis incorporates the basic structure of a social network for academic purposes. Reverse engineering of three social networks portals yielded important aspects of their structures that have been incorporated in the proposed UML model. Furthermore, the present work includes a pattern for academic social networks..

Bonilla Villarreal, Isaura Nathaly

485

JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE RESEARCH ARTICLE J Tissue Eng Regen Med (2011).  

E-print Network

JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE RESEARCH ARTICLE J Tissue Eng Regen Med the principles of engineering, cell biology and medicine. Successfully engineered three-dimensional (3D) cardiac

Linhardt, Robert J.

486

The advanced ocean floor real time monitoring system for mega thrust earthquakes and tsunamis-application of DONET and DONET2 data to seismological research and disaster mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mega thrust earthquakes such as the 2004 Sumatra earthquake and the 2010 Chile earthquake generate severe damages by strong motions and large tsunamis. In Japan, the recurrences of mega thrust earthquakes around the Nankai trough off southwestern Japan, is one of the most severe problems in Japanese natural disasters. Especially, around the Nankai trough, mega thrust earthquakes over magnitude8 class

Yoshiyuki Kaneda

2010-01-01

487

Discussion of the design of satellite-laser measurement stations in the eastern Mediterranean under the geological aspect. Contribution to the earthquake prediction research by the Wegener Group and to NASA's Crustal Dynamics Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research conducted for determining the location of stations for measuring crustal dynamics and predicting earthquakes is discussed. Procedural aspects, the extraregional kinematic tendencies, and regional tectonic deformation mechanisms are described.

Paluska, A.; Pavoni, N.

1983-01-01

488

Research & Development 100 (R&D 100) NASA Glenn Research Center, Makel Engineering, Inc,  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research & Development 100 (R&D 100) NASA Glenn Research Center, Makel Engineering, Inc, Case Western Reserve Univ, Ohio State Univ. for the development of Multi-Parameter, MicroSensor-Based Low False Alarm Fire Detection System (MMFDS) Award Plaque

2005-01-01

489

Recent advances on structural vibration control and blast resistance research in HIT Blast Resistance and Protective Engineering laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, several innovative control systems developed for the vibration control of civil engineering structures subjected to various environmental excitations (such as earthquake, wind load, ocean waves and ice etc.) are introduced, which have been studied by the Blast Resistance and Protective Engineering laboratory of Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT-BRPE) during the past several years. Firstly, the dynamics and

C. Zhang; H. Xu; J. Liu; L. Li; X. Zhang; C. Liu; Z. Wu; J. Li

490

Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering  

E-print Network

, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering 228 Alumni Hall 3201 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312 Programs Air Resources Construction Management Earthquake and Wind Engineering Design Geoenvironmental mechanics, rock mechanics, engineering geology, earthquake engineering, soil structure, and soil

Heller, Barbara

491

NASA Glenn's Contributions to Aircraft Engine Noise Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation reviews engine noise research conducted at the NASA Glenn Research Center over the past 70 years. This report includes a historical perspective of the Center and the facilities used to conduct the research. Major noise research programs are highlighted to show their impact on industry and on the development of aircraft noise reduction technology. Noise reduction trends are discussed, and future aircraft concepts are presented. Since the 1960s, research results show that the average perceived noise level has been reduced by about 20 decibels (dB). Studies also show that, depending on the size of the airport, the aircraft fleet mix, and the actual growth in air travel, another 15 to 17 dB reduction will be required to achieve NASAs long-term goal of providing technologies to limit objectionable noise to the boundaries of an average airport.

Huff, Dennis L.

2014-01-01

492

NGO collaboration in community post-disaster reconstruction: field research following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China.  

PubMed

The number of communities affected by disasters has been rising. As a result, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that attend community post-disaster reconstruction are often unable to deliver all requirements and have to develop cooperative approaches. However, this collaboration can cause problems because of the complex environments, the fight for limited resources and uncoordinated management, all of which result in poor service delivery to the communities, adding to their woes. From extensive field research and case studies conducted in the post-Wenchuan earthquake-stricken communities, this paper introduces an integrated collaboration framework for community post-disaster reconstruction with the focus on three types of NGOs: international, government organised and civil. The proposed collaboration framework examines the three interrelated components of organisational structure, operational processes and reconstruction goals/implementation areas. Of great significance in better promoting collaborative participation between NGOs are the crucial concepts of participatory reconstruction, double-layer collaborative networks, and circular review and revision. PMID:25440408

Lu, Yi; Xu, Jiuping

2015-04-01

493

NTRCI Legacy Engine Research and Development Project Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The Legacy engine is a completely new design, transitional diesel engine, replacing the reciprocating engine with a rotary engine. The Legacy engine offers significant advances over conventional internal combustion engines in 1) power to weight ratio; 2) multiple fuel acceptance; 3) fuel economy; and 4) environmental compliance. These advances are achieved through a combination of innovative design geometry, rotary motion, aspiration simplicity, and manufacturing/part simplicity. The key technical challenge to the Legacy engine??s commercialization, and the focus of this project, was the development of a viable roton tip seal. The PST concept for the roton tip seal was developed into a manufacturable design. The design was evaluated using a custom designed and fabricated seal test fixture and further refined. This design was incorporated into the GEN2.5A prototype and tested for achievable compression pressure. The Decision Point at the end of Phase 1 of the project (described below) was to further optimize the existing tip seal design. Enhancements to the tip seal design were incorporated into the GEN2.5B prototype and tested and evaluated using the iterative research strategy described below. Compression pressures adequate for compression ignition of diesel fuel were achieved, although not consistently in all combustion volumes. The variation in compression pressures was characterized versus design features. As the roton tip seal performance was improved, results pointed toward inadequate performance of the housing side seals. Enhancement of the housing side seal system was accomplished using a custom designed side seal test fixture. The design enhancements developed with the test fixture were also incorporated into the GEN2.5B prototype and tested and evaluated using the iterative research strategy described below. Finally, to simplify the requirements for the roton tip seals and to enhance the introduction and combustion of fuel, a flush-mount fuel injector was designed, manufactured and demonstrated in the GEN2.5B prototype.

Connie Smith-Holbert; Joseph Petrolino; Bart Watkins; David Irick

2011-12-31

494

The Cockrell School received an $18.5 million National Science Foundation grant that will go toward creating an engineering research center (ERC) called  

E-print Network

Engineering #5 Civil Engineering #6 Environmental Engineering* #7 Aerospace/Aeronautical Engineering #8 Engineering #8 Aerospace/Aeronautical Engineering #9 Computer Engineering #12 Electrical creating an engineering research center (ERC) called Nanomanufacturing Systems for Mobile Computing

Texas at Austin, University of

495

Trends in aeropropulsion research and their impact on engineering education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation is concerned with the trends in aeropropulsion both in the U.S. and abroad and the impact of these trends on the educational process in our universities. In this paper, we shall outline the new directions for research which may be of interest to educators in the aeropropulsion field. Awareness of new emphases, such as emission reductions, noise control, maneuverability, speed, etc., will have a great impact on engineering educators responsible for restructuring courses in propulsion. The information presented herein will also provide some background material for possible consideration in the future development of propulsion courses. In describing aeropropulsion, we are concerned primarily with air-breathing propulsion; however many observations apply equally as well to rocket engine systems. Aeropropulsion research needs are primarily motivated by technologies required for advanced vehicle systems and frequently driven by external requirements such as economic competitiveness, environmental concern and national security. In this presentation, vehicle based research is first described, followed by a discussion of discipline and multidiscipline research necessary to implement the vehicle-focused programs. The importance of collaboration in research and the training of future researchers concludes this presentation.

Povinelli, Louis A.; Reichert, Bruce A.; Glassman, Arthur J.

1992-01-01

496

Earthquake Effects and Experiences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portion of the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) frequently-asked-questions feature on earthquakes addresses what individuals might actually experience during an earthquake. Topics include earthquake motion (rolling or shaking), earthquake effects (ground shaking, surface faulting, ground failure, etc.), earthquake magnitude, what an earthquake feels like, and others. There are also links to additional resources on earthquake effects and experiences.

497

Seismicity-induced groundwater level changes in boreholes around Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU), Japan: Effect of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For improving the scientific basis for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, multidisciplinary researches are approached in the MIU, in which two vertical shafts are excavated in the crystalline rock mass. Groundwater levels are continuously logged in multiple boreholes, for understanding the regional groundwater flow around the MIU site. Soon after the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, groundwater level changes were observed in the almost boreholes. All boreholes arranged away from the MIU (approximately 1 to 5 km) showed drawdown ranging from 1 to 5 m. Several studies (e.g. Wang, 1997, JGR; Ge and Stover, 2000, JGR; Hamiel et al., 2005, EPSL) suggest that coseismic changes of groundwater level correspond to static volumetric strain changes induced by earthquakes, i.e., drawdown/elevation of groundwater level is reflected by crustal dilatation/constriction. We calculated volumetric strain changes due to the Tohoku earthquake based on the previously-reported fault models (slip models estimated by teleseismic source inversion; Yagi and Nishimura, Univ. of Tsukuba; Poiata et al., ERI, Univ. of Tokyo). We determined crustal deformation and stress change using the program Coulomb 3.0 (Lin and Stein, 2004, JGR; Toda et al., 2005, JGR). The calculation outputs approximately 2.3E-7 strain of dilatation around the MIU. Thus the drawdown observed in the boreholes arranged away from the MIU is consistent with the volumetric strain changes associated with the Tohoku earthquake. In contrast, groundwater levels were elevated up to 15 m in the boreholes localized in the vicinity of the MIU (within 600 m). These boreholes had shown successive drawdown since the shaft excavations started in the MIU, while voluminous sump water had been released successively from the shafts. Soon after the Tohoku earthquake, volume of the sump water increased approximately ten percent. Irregular elevation of water level soon after an earthquake like the case of the MIU has been reported in other excavation sites where successive drawdown is observed (e.g. Kitano and Tamai, Geoline2005, Lyon). Dilatation caused by an earthquake could induce fracture aperture opening and subsequent permeability increase, which could cause the anomalous increase of the sump water and the elevation of the groundwater level within the MIU site, as a temporal recovery of artificial drawdowned groundwater level.

Niwa, M.; Takeuchi, R.; Onoe, H.; Asamori, K.; Umeda, K.; Sugihara, K.

2011-12-01

498

Mechanism research on the electrical discharge WED machining of engineering ceramics materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

We make an experimental research of WEDM on boron carbide engineering ceramics, aiming at the target that how to improve the machining efficiency of engineering ceramics materials. The principle of electrical discharge machining on engineeri