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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

National Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a very extensive site about earthquakes. It is the USGS (United States Geological Survey) National Earthquake Information site. The site provides access to near real time earthquake data from around the world, as well as data for recent earthquakes (last 3 weeks). The site can also be searched for information on specific earthquakes by time or location. There is a General Earthquake Information section with extensive earthquake education materials as well as information on seismicity, earthquake magnitude, preparedness, predictions, and locations.

2

The Southern California Earthquake Center/Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (SCEC/UseIT) Internship Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our undergraduate research program, SCEC/UseIT, an NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates site, provides software for earthquake researchers and educators, movies for outreach, and ways to strengthen the technical career pipeline. SCEC/UseIT motivates diverse undergraduates towards science and engineering careers through team-based research in the exciting field of earthquake information technology. UseIT provides the cross-training in computer science/information technology (CS/IT) and geoscience needed to make fundamental progress in earthquake system science. Our high and increasing participation of women and minority students is crucial given the nation"s precipitous enrollment declines in CS/IT undergraduate degree programs, especially among women. UseIT also casts a "wider, farther" recruitment net that targets scholars interested in creative work but not traditionally attracted to summer science internships. Since 2002, SCEC/UseIT has challenged 79 students in three dozen majors from as many schools with difficult, real-world problems that require collaborative, interdisciplinary solutions. Interns design and engineer open-source software, creating increasingly sophisticated visualization tools (see "SCEC-VDO," session IN11), which are employed by SCEC researchers, in new curricula at the University of Southern California, and by outreach specialists who make animated movies for the public and the media. SCEC-VDO would be a valuable tool for research-oriented professional development programs.

Perry, S.; Jordan, T.

2006-12-01

3

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

4

Application of information technology within a field hospital deployment following the January 2010 Haiti earthquake disaster.  

PubMed

Following the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti, the Israel Defense Force Medical Corps dispatched a field hospital unit. A specially tailored information technology solution was deployed within the hospital. The solution included a hospital administration system as well as a complete electronic medical record. A light-weight picture archiving and communication system was also deployed. During 10 days of operation, the system registered 1111 patients. The network and system up times were more than 99.9%. Patient movements within the hospital were noted, and an online command dashboard screen was generated. Patient care was delivered using the electronic medical record. Digital radiographs were acquired and transmitted to stations throughout the hospital. The system helped to introduce order in an otherwise chaotic situation and enabled adequate utilization of scarce medical resources by continually gathering information, analyzing it, and presenting it to the decision-making command level. The establishment of electronic medical records promoted the adequacy of medical treatment and facilitated continuity of care. This experience in Haiti supports the feasibility of deploying information technologies within a field hospital operation. Disaster response teams and agencies are encouraged to consider the use of information technology as part of their contingency plans. PMID:20962123

Levy, Gad; Blumberg, Nehemia; Kreiss, Yitshak; Ash, Nachman; Merin, Ofer

5

Application of information technology within a field hospital deployment following the January 2010 Haiti earthquake disaster  

PubMed Central

Following the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti, the Israel Defense Force Medical Corps dispatched a field hospital unit. A specially tailored information technology solution was deployed within the hospital. The solution included a hospital administration system as well as a complete electronic medical record. A light-weight picture archiving and communication system was also deployed. During 10?days of operation, the system registered 1111 patients. The network and system up times were more than 99.9%. Patient movements within the hospital were noted, and an online command dashboard screen was generated. Patient care was delivered using the electronic medical record. Digital radiographs were acquired and transmitted to stations throughout the hospital. The system helped to introduce order in an otherwise chaotic situation and enabled adequate utilization of scarce medical resources by continually gathering information, analyzing it, and presenting it to the decision-making command level. The establishment of electronic medical records promoted the adequacy of medical treatment and facilitated continuity of care. This experience in Haiti supports the feasibility of deploying information technologies within a field hospital operation. Disaster response teams and agencies are encouraged to consider the use of information technology as part of their contingency plans.

Blumberg, Nehemia; Kreiss, Yitshak; Ash, Nachman; Merin, Ofer

2010-01-01

6

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housed at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, the Alaska Earthquake Information Center reports and provides information on seismic activity in Alaska. While its southern Pacific coast colleague, California, gets a lot more attention when it comes to earthquakes, Alaska experienced a magnitude 6.7 earthquake already this summer and was rocked by a 7.9 in 2002. The site offers links to general information about the center, general earthquake information, research activities at the center, education and outreach materials (including information on seismology education projects), and much more. The site is well populated with materials and should provide a great resources for those interested in North American seismic events.

7

Southern California Earthquake Center/Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (SCEC/UseIT): Towards the Next Generation of Internship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SCEC/UseIT internship program is training the next generation of earthquake scientist, with methods that can be adapted to other disciplines. UseIT interns work collaboratively, in multi-disciplinary teams, conducting computer science research that is needed by earthquake scientists. Since 2002, the UseIT program has welcomed 64 students, in some two dozen majors, at all class levels, from schools around the nation. Each summer''s work is posed as a ``Grand Challenge.'' The students then organize themselves into project teams, decide how to proceed, and pool their diverse talents and backgrounds. They have traditional mentors, who provide advice and encouragement, but they also mentor one another, and this has proved to be a powerful relationship. Most begin with fear that their Grand Challenge is impossible, and end with excitement and pride about what they have accomplished. The 22 UseIT interns in summer, 2005, were primarily computer science and engineering majors, with others in geology, mathematics, English, digital media design, physics, history, and cinema. The 2005 Grand Challenge was to "build an earthquake monitoring system" to aid scientists who must visualize rapidly evolving earthquake sequences and convey information to emergency personnel and the public. Most UseIT interns were engaged in software engineering, bringing new datasets and functionality to SCEC-VDO (Virtual Display of Objects), a 3D visualization software that was prototyped by interns last year, using Java3D and an extensible, plug-in architecture based on the Eclipse Integrated Development Environment. Other UseIT interns used SCEC-VDO to make animated movies, and experimented with imagery in order to communicate concepts and events in earthquake science. One movie-making project included the creation of an assessment to test the effectiveness of the movie''s educational message. Finally, one intern created an interactive, multimedia presentation of the UseIT program.

Perry, S.; Benthien, M.; Jordan, T. H.

2005-12-01

8

Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (UseIT): Preparing Students for the Twenty-First Century Work Force via a Multidisciplinary and Collaborative Learning Experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UseIT is one of the three undergraduate research programs sponsored by the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC). The program allows students to work in multi-disciplinary collaborative teams to tackle a scientific “Grand Challenge.” The topic varies each year but it always entails performing computer science research that is needed by earthquake scientists, educators, and other target audiences. The program allows undergraduates to use the advanced tools of information technology to solve important problems in interdisciplinary earthquake research. Since the program began in 2002, 145 students have participated in UseIT. The program stresses problem solving and interdisciplinary cross training. A key aspect of the UseIT program is its flexible, yet structured, team approach. Students share their diverse skills and interests, creating a powerful synergy through this peer mentoring. The majority of UseIT interns have considerable computer science skill or aptitude, but successful UseIT interns have hailed from nearly three-dozen disciplines, all class levels, and all skill levels. Successful UseIT interns have in common a willingness to step outside their comfort zones and try new things. During the 2009 internship the focus of the program was to deliver SCEC Virtual Display of Objects (VDO) images and animations of faults and earthquake sequences to SCEC, the Earthquake Country Alliance, and other virtual organizations via a content management system that captures the metadata and guides the user. SCEC-VDO is the SCEC intern-developed visualization software that allows the user to see earthquake related phenomena in three and four dimensions. The 2009 Grand Challenge had special relevance for the interns because the products they created were used for The Great California ShakeOut. This talk will discuss lessons learned from this program, how it addresses the needs of the 21st century STEM work force, and highlights of the 2009 internship.

Degroot, R. M.; Jordan, T. H.; Benthien, M. L.; Ihrig, M.; Berti, R.

2009-12-01

9

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

... time. Before During After More Information Before an Earthquake The following are things you can do to ... most of the destruction during earthquakes. During an Earthquake Drop, cover and Hold On. Minimize your movements ...

10

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the British Geological Survey, the Earthquakes Web site contains numerous educational topics for kids. Best suited for junior high school students and older, the site contains information on macroseismology (or the observable effects of earthquakes on people, buildings, and nature); seismic hazards; earthquake monitoring; recent and historical earthquakes; and more. Other links on the site include a Questions and Answers page, earthquake references, and additional educational links culminating in an informative and helpful source of online science learning. [JAB

11

Earthquake prediction uncertainty, and policies for the future: A technology assessment of earthquake prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this summary is to present--for the benefit of public policymakers and administrators, scientists, businessmen, special interest groups, private citizens, and the media--the findings of a recent comprehensive technology assessment of earthquake predictions. This assessment focuses on the following: (1) background on earthquakes; (2) outlook for earthquake prediction; (3) responding to earthquake predictions; (4) public policy issues related

L. W. Weisbecker; W. C. Stoneman; S. E. Ackerman

1977-01-01

12

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This outline of basic information on earthquakes starts with an explanation of an earthquake, including the forces acting on rock, (tension, compression, and shear) and plastic and elastic deformation of rock. Next, the principle of the seismograph, seismometer, and seismogram along with the three types of seismic waves are discussed. Information is then presented to help the student distinguish between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, describe the world-wide distribution pattern of earthquake activity, and explain the earthquake magnitude (Richter) scale and the Modified Mercalli scale of earthquake intensity. This site also includes an explanation of how the epicenter of an earthquake can be located. There is a discussion of some past earthquakes along with a description of the effects of earthquake activity.

Gore, Pamela

13

Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The aim of the present chapter is to analyze how information technology is likely to influence transaction costs and to discuss\\u000a the conclusions drawn from this by theory. First, an introduction to the basic aspects of information technology is given\\u000a and we discuss, how information technology is used in information systems (section 3.1). Subsequently, a number of examples\\u000a are provided

Sascha Weber

14

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes important information-handling products, predicting future devices in light of convergence and greater flexibility offered through use of microchip technology. Contends that information technology and its impact of privacy depends on how information systems are used, arguing that the privacy issue deals more with moral/physiological…

Reynolds, Roger

1983-01-01

15

Service-oriented integration and application of earthquake emergency information  

Microsoft Academic Search

To integrate the kinds of multi-source heterogeneous emergency information resources, in this paper, a Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) based earthquake emergency information integration framework is proposed, and then discusses the service- based integration methods of seismic disaster information, thematic information, analysis and specialty GIS, and describes the key technologies of management, sharing integration and visualization of the multi-source heterogeneous mass emergency

Xianghong Wang; Jiping Liu; Yong Wang; Shenghua Xu

2011-01-01

16

Stability assessment of structures under earthquake hazard through GRID technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents a GRID framework to estimate the vulnerability of structures under earthquake hazard. The tool has been designed to cover the needs of a typical earthquake engineering stability analysis; preparation of input data (pre-processing), response computation and stability analysis (post-processing). In order to validate the application over GRID, a simplified model of structure under artificially generated earthquake records has been implemented. To achieve this goal, the proposed scheme exploits the GRID technology and its main advantages (parallel intensive computing, huge storage capacity and collaboration analysis among institutions) through intensive interaction among the GRID elements (Computing Element, Storage Element, LHC File Catalogue, federated database etc.) The dynamical model is described by a set of ordinary differential equations (ODE's) and by a set of parameters. Both elements, along with the integration engine, are encapsulated into Java classes. With this high level design, subsequent improvements/changes of the model can be addressed with little effort. In the procedure, an earthquake record database is prepared and stored (pre-processing) in the GRID Storage Element (SE). The Metadata of these records is also stored in the GRID federated database. This Metadata contains both relevant information about the earthquake (as it is usual in a seismic repository) and also the Logical File Name (LFN) of the record for its later retrieval. Then, from the available set of accelerograms in the SE, the user can specify a range of earthquake parameters to carry out a dynamic analysis. This way, a GRID job is created for each selected accelerogram in the database. At the GRID Computing Element (CE), displacements are then obtained by numerical integration of the ODE's over time. The resulting response for that configuration is stored in the GRID Storage Element (SE) and the maximum structure displacement is computed. Then, the corresponding Metadata containing the response LFN, earthquake magnitude and maximum structure displacement is also stored. Finally, the displacements are post-processed through a statistically-based algorithm from the available Metadata to obtain the probability of collapse of the structure for different earthquake magnitudes. From this study, it is possible to build a vulnerability report for the structure type and seismic data. The proposed methodology can be combined with the on-going initiatives to build a European earthquake record database. In this context, Grid enables collaboration analysis over shared seismic data and results among different institutions.

Prieto Castrillo, F.; Boton Fernandez, M.

2009-04-01

17

Earthquakes!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A strong earthquake struck Istanbul, Turkey on Monday, only weeks after a major quake in the same area claimed more than 15,500 lives. This site, from The Why Files (see the August 9, 1996 Scout Report), offers background information on the science of earthquakes, with particular emphasis on the recent tectonic activity in Turkey.

18

A digital social network for rapid collection of earthquake disaster information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Acquiring disaster information quickly after an earthquake is crucial for disaster and emergency rescue management. This study examines a digital social network - an earthquake disaster information reporting network - for rapid collection of earthquake disaster information. Based on the network, the disaster information rapid collection method is expounded in this paper. The structure and components of the reporting network are introduced. Then the work principles of the reporting network are discussed, in which the rapid collection of disaster information is realised by using Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) messages to report the disaster information and Geographic information system (GIS) to analyse and extract useful disaster information. This study introduces some key technologies for the work principles, including the methods of mass sending and receiving of SMS for disaster management, the reporting network grouping management method, brief disaster information codes, and the GIS modelling of the reporting network. Finally, a city earthquake disaster information quick reporting system is developed and with the support of this system the reporting network obtained good results in a real earthquake and earthquake drills. This method is a semi-real time disaster information collection method which extends current SMS based method and meets the need of small and some moderate earthquakes.

Xu, J. H.; Nie, G. Z.; Xu, X.

2013-02-01

19

An information infrastructure for earthquake science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), in collaboration with the San Diego Supercomputer Center, the USC Information Sciences Institute,IRIS, and the USGS, has received a large five-year grant from the NSF's ITR Program and its Geosciences Directorate to build a new information infrastructure for earthquake science. In many respects, the SCEC/ITR Project presents a microcosm of the IT efforts now being organized across the geoscience community, including the EarthScope initiative. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss the experience gained by the project thus far and lay out the challenges that lie ahead; our hope is to encourage cross-discipline collaboration in future IT advancements. Project goals have been formulated in terms of four "computational pathways" related to seismic hazard analysis (SHA). For example, Pathway 1 involves the construction of an open-source, object-oriented, and web-enabled framework for SHA computations that can incorporate a variety of earthquake forecast models, intensity-measure relationships, and site-response models, while Pathway 2 aims to utilize the predictive power of wavefield simulation in modeling time-dependent ground motion for scenario earthquakes and constructing intensity-measure relationships. The overall goal is to create a SCEC "community modeling environment" or collaboratory that will comprise the curated (on-line, documented, maintained) resources needed by researchers to develop and use these four computational pathways. Current activities include (1) the development and verification of the computational modules, (2) the standardization of data structures and interfaces needed for syntactic interoperability, (3) the development of knowledge representation and management tools, (4) the construction SCEC computational and data grid testbeds, and (5) the creation of user interfaces for knowledge-acquisition, code execution, and visualization. I will emphasize the increasing role of standardized object classes, controlled vocabularies, and ontologies in guiding our code development toward the goal of semantic interoperability.

Jordan, T. H.; Scec/Itr Collaboration

2003-04-01

20

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To understand P and S waves, to observe some videos of earthquakes, and to find out where and when the last earthquake in Utah was. Print out this worksheet for the questions to accompany the following websites. Worksheet Go to The Earth Layers The Earth's Layers and read the information. Answer the following 4 questions on a separate paper. Name the four layers of the Earth in order from the outside to the center of the Earth. What causes ...

Clemons, Mrs.

2010-11-02

21

Losses from the Northridge earthquake: disruption to high-technology industries in the Los Angeles Basin.  

PubMed

This study explores the relationship between industrial location geography, metropolitan patterns and earthquake disasters. Production losses from the 1994 Northridge earthquake to the Los Angeles Basin's most important high-technology industrial sector are evaluated in the context of that area's polycentric metropolitan form. Locations for each one of the Los Angeles Basin's 1,126 advanced electronics manufacturing establishments were identified and mapped, providing an indication of the patterns and clusters of the industry. An extensive survey of those establishments gathered information on disruptions from the Northridge earthquake. Production losses were then estimated, based on the sampled plants' lost workdays and the earthquake's distance-decay effects. A conservative estimate of total production losses to establishments in seven four-digit SIC advanced electronics industrial groups placed their value at US$220.4 million. Based on this estimate of losses, it is concluded that the Northridge earthquake's economic losses were much higher than initially anticipated. PMID:10204286

Suarez-Villa, L; Walrod, W

1999-03-01

22

ABAG Earthquake Shaking Maps and Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Everyone affected by earthquakes should visit this ABAG (the Association of Bay Area Governments) website. The website offers interactive maps of future earthquake scenarios as well as static maps of past earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay area. Residents can learn how to make their homes safer. Commuters can find out how earthquakes affect transportation routes. Businesses can discover planning tools and safety resources. In the Kid Zone, children can explore earthquake facts through stimulating quizzes, puzzles, and answers to common questions. The site also offers materials dealing with dam failure and other natural hazards.

23

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attractive features of the videodisc, a storage medium of digital and visual information, include large storage capacity, low cost, rapid access, and ease of duplication. Widespread adoption of the videodisc will be determined by availability of appropriate software and funding, and public demand and perceptions about its advantages over other…

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1981-01-01

24

Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in earthquakes with an introduction to the subject. Following a section presenting an historical look at the world's major earthquakes, the booklet discusses earthquake-prone geographic areas, the nature and workings of earthquakes, earthquake

Pakiser, Louis C.

25

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

An earthquake happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one another. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently, and without warning at any time of the day or night. If an earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause ...

26

Earthquakes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in earthquakes with an introduction to the subject. Following a section presenting an historical look at the world's major earthquakes, the booklet discusses earthquake-prone geographic areas, the nature and workings of earthquakes,…

Pakiser, Louis C.

27

Exploring Earthquakes in Space and Time Through the Internet and a Geographic Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains an exercise in which students are asked to examine the frequency and distribution of earthquake epicenters and compare these epicenters to the distribution of plate boundaries and cities. Students download earthquake epicenters for the last several days and for an entire year from the Internet, and map the information using ArcView geographic information system (GIS), and analyze the patterns that become evident. The module presents background information on earthquakes and GIS, and includes step-by-step instructions for using the technological tools. It can be adapted to a wide range of grade levels and may be presented as an introductory GIS exercise. It may be completed without a GIS by using a paper base map, but requires access to the World Wide Web. This module has been classroom tested, and was peer reviewed during June 1997.

Kerski, Joseph

1997-06-06

28

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson on earthquakes is based on naturalist John Muir's experiences with two significant earthquakes, the 1872 earthquake on the east side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the Great San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Students will learn to explain that earthquakes are sudden motions along breaks in the crust called faults, and list the major geologic events including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and mountain building, which are the result of crustal plate motions. A downloadable, printable version (PDF) of the lesson plan is available.

29

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

30

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students explore the causes of earthquakes and their impact on the geology of an area and on human societies. They begin by looking at the role tectonic plates play in creating the forces that cause earthquakes, to help them understand why earthquakes occur when and where they do. Hands-on activities illustrate how rocks can withstand a certain amount of stress, but that every material has its breaking point. When rocks break underground, an earthquake occurs. In the last section, students explore the impact earthquakes have on humans and look at the efforts scientists are making to better understand and predict these sometimes deadly events.

2006-01-01

31

Applying remote sensing and spacial analysis technology to locating transitional shelters in earthquake areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violent earthquakes damaged buildings, towns and cities. The earthquakes and the subsequent secondary disasters, such as landslips, landslides and debris flows, brought immediate threats to people there. The rescue tasks need updated and appropriate information for site selection of emergency refuges and transitional shelters, especially when a city has been destroyed and the original earthquake emergency refuge planning can no

Li Peng; Wu-nian Yang; Pei-fen Pan; Zhi-gang Li; Guo-chao Hu

2010-01-01

32

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

33

Quantum Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the research laboratories of Hewlett Packard, Quantum Information Technology provides an informative look at current work in quantum information processing and communication (QIPC). The report, published in November 2002, recognizes the potential applications of QIPC and how it could revolutionize conventional information technology. It cites cryptography, quantum computers, and quantum teleportation as motivational factors for development of this technology, offering a basic introduction to each discipline. The paper concludes with an analysis of the direction current research is taking and what the future may hold. Several links to further sources of information are also included.

Spiller, Timothy.

2002-01-01

34

A comparative study on the Earthquake Information Management Systems (EIMS) in India, Afghanistan and Iran  

PubMed Central

Context: Damages and loss of life sustained during an earthquake results from falling structures and flying glass and objects. To address these and other problems, new information technology and systems as a means can improve crisis management and crisis response. The most important factor for managing the crisis depends on our readiness before disasters by useful data. Aims: This study aimed to determine the Earthquake Information Management System (EIMS) in India, Afghanistan and Iran, and describe how we can reduce destruction by EIMS in crisis management. Materials and Methods: This study was an analytical comparison in which data were collected by questionnaire, observation and checklist. The population was EIMS in selected countries. Sources of information were staff in related organizations, scientific documentations and Internet. For data analysis, Criteria Rating Technique, Delphi Technique and descriptive methods were used. Results: Findings showed that EIMS in India (Disaster Information Management System), Afghanistan (Management Information for Natural Disasters) and Iran are decentralized. The Indian state has organized an expert group to inspect issues about disaster decreasing strategy. In Iran, there was no useful and efficient EIMS to evaluate earthquake information. Conclusions: According to outcomes, it is clear that an information system can only influence decisions if it is relevant, reliable and available for the decision-makers in a timely fashion. Therefore, it is necessary to reform and design a model. The model contains responsible organizations and their functions.

Ajami, Sima

2012-01-01

35

Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the Information technology management programs are designed to educate and develop managers who can effectively manage the planning, design, selection, implementation, use, and administration of emerging and converging information and communications technologies. The IT Manager and the Project Manager are not at odds. The Project Manager’s ability to focus knowledge, skills, tools and techniques on the temporary endeavor

Patru Catalin; Petrache Alina

2011-01-01

36

Information, knowledge and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technologies create possibilities whose evolution, when realized, is then driven by a combination of economic and social factors. The importance for education of information technology is that it enables the objectification of knowledge, thus making knowledge storable, transmittable over distance and interactively access- ible. Two aspects of this technology, which will have a fundamental and contin- uing impact on higher

A. G. J. MacFarlane

37

Earthquake!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the types of damage experienced by California State University at Northridge during the 1994 earthquake and what lessons were learned in handling this emergency are discussed. The problem of loose asbestos is addressed. (GR)|

Hernandez, Hildo

2000-01-01

38

Stability assessment of structures under earthquake hazard through GRID technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a GRID framework to estimate the vulnerability of structures under earthquake hazard. The tool has been designed to cover the needs of a typical earthquake engineering stability analysis; preparation of input data (pre-processing), response computation and stability analysis (post-processing). In order to validate the application over GRID, a simplified model of structure under artificially generated earthquake records

F. Prieto Castrillo; M. Boton Fernandez

2009-01-01

39

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

40

Women in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a major concern about the drop of young women entering Computer Science degree programs and a drop in the participation of women in these information technology occupations. In all levels of educational institutions across the nation, girls and women remain under-represented in computer and information science studies and subsequently,…

Wentling, Rose Mary; Thomas, Steven P.

2004-01-01

41

Information Technology Developments for Geodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some recent research at UNAVCO and the University of Colorado has been focused on Rocky Mountain tectonics, and Information Technology (IT) in the areas of data visualization and distributed data serving. At UNAVCO, we are participating in the geodynamics work in the Rocky Mountain Testbed of the GEON NSF funded (IT) Research project (www.geongrid.org). As part of this work, a variety of seismic tomography models, GPS velocity vector data, strain rate models and other data have been recompiled into a standard format. These data and models are being incorporated into our OPeNDAP server and the Integrated Data Viewer (IDV). OPeNDAP servers are platform independent, self-describing distributed data servers allowing easy access to a wide audience. The IDV is a freely distributed visualization and analysis tool developed by UCAR that has several exciting capabilities such as online collaboration, and a variety of 1-d, 2-d and 3-d viewing options. Necessary solid earth viewing capabilities (earthquakes, focal mechanisms, faults, etc.) are currently being added to the IDV. Both our OPeNDAP server and visualization tool are being integrated into the GEON portal, a website for data searching, analysis, and visualization. Designing and implementing such systems now allows us to be more prepared for the volumes of data anticipated from various EarthScope projects. As part of the scientific research for GEON, we have also begun investigations of Colorado seismicity. The 1992 Rocky Mountain Front IRIS/PASSCAL seismic experiment recorded many local earthquakes. We have begun to locate these events and are working to create focal mechanisms and calculations of stress drop for this region. These will aid in improving seismic hazard and risk assessments for the rapidly growing Rocky Mountain population. New IT capabilities will help augment the quality of this work through sharing the data with a larger audience, providing a means to view and analyze integrated data, and quickly providing a computationally intensive baseline by which results can be checked.

Bensen, G. D.; Meertens, C. M.; Sheehan, A. F.

2004-12-01

42

SOCIOECONOMIC BENEFITS OF USING SPACE TECHNOLOGIES TO MONITOR AND RESPOND TO EARTHQUAKES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquakes represent a major hazard for populations around the world, causing frequent loss of life, human suffering and enormous damage to homes, other buildings and infrastructure. The Technology Resources for Earthquake Monitoring and Response (TREMOR) Team of 36 space professionals analysed this problem over the course of the International Space University Summer Session Program and published their recommendations in the

Ian A. Christensen; Lauren E. Fletcher; Jonathan J. Liberda; Jose I. Rojas; Cristina Borrero del Pino

2008-01-01

43

JICA TECHNOLOGICAL COOPERATION PROJECTS ON ESTABLISHMENT Of EARTHQUAKE DISASTER PREVENTION RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (herein after referred to JICA) technological cooperation projects conducted by the Building Research Institute (herein after referred to BRI) in earthquake damage prevention research and related areas since the 1980s, earthquake damage prevention research institutions have been founded in Indonesia, Peru, Mexico, Chile, Turkey, and on every other continent in the

Toshibumi FUKUTA

44

Earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regression method has been applied to design multidimensional nonlinear statistical model of seismic energy flow release by local earthquakes using the data of integrated geophysical monitoring in the Transcarpathian seismogenic zone, Ukraine, as input. It has been shown that to obtain adequate model it is necessary to utilize temporal series of geophysical parameters that are not less than 730 days

Taras Verbytskyj; Yurij Verbytskyj

1889-01-01

45

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

46

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

47

Information Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, you'll learn about the wide range of jobs that an information technology (IT) degree can make possible. From PCs to smartphones to cars, almost every tool we use today has computer technology embedded in it. The IT specialist is the person who keeps those computers operating and finds ways to make them run faster and more smoothly, so we can all get our work done.The video runs 1:37 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

48

Geoscience and Engineering Information For Earthquake Risk Mitigation Plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many developments in the fields of Geophysics and Engineering have been undertaken in the recent years with the purpose of understanding the different mechanisms involved in the entire seismic process, from the seismic source, ground shaking, site effects, etc., to the damage caused to buildings, other engineering structures, infra-structures, population and social organizations An important issue is the increasing collaboration among scientists, engineers and decision makers for building up information systems and for establishing communication protocols which allow the scientific and technical knowledge to be transferred in the appropriate form to the key organizations and persons responsible for risk mitigation, through planning and emergency management. With the aid of geographical information systems and other, at present, available tools, damage scenarios generation can easily include many pieces of information, and most of the relevant aspects of the process can be considered. They can serve not only to help decision makers to design their policies for earthquake mitigation in the mid-long run, but also as an on-line tool for helping in the event of an earthquake, speeding up the rescue operations. In this sense, some examples taken from approaches carried out in Catalonia (NE Spain) Spain and Portugal, in particular for the cities of Barcelona and Lisbon are presented and discussed. New avenues will be also presented.

Roca, A.; Oliveira, C. S.

49

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) approach to information technology (IT) benchmarking. The purpose is to engage other organizations in the collaborative process of benchmarking in order to improve the value of IT services provided to customers. This document's intended audience consists of other U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories and their IT staff. Although

David D. Hostetler; Jan E. Goolsbey; David A. Niesen; Anita C. Phillips

1999-01-01

50

PROBABILISTIC INFORMATION INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

The Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos has successfully developed a structured, probabilistic, quantitative approach for the evaluation of system performance based on multiple information sources, called Information Integration Technology (IIT). The technology integrates diverse types and sources of data and information (both quantitative and qualitative), and their associated uncertainties, to develop distributions for performance metrics, such as reliability. Applications include predicting complex system performance, where test data are lacking or expensive to obtain, through the integration of expert judgment, historical data, computer/simulation model predictions, and any relevant test/experimental data. The technology is particularly well suited for tracking estimated system performance for systems under change (e.g. development, aging), and can be used at any time during product development, including concept and early design phases, prior to prototyping, testing, or production, and before costly design decisions are made. Techniques from various disciplines (e.g., state-of-the-art expert elicitation, statistical and reliability analysis, design engineering, physics modeling, and knowledge management) are merged and modified to develop formal methods for the data/information integration. The power of this technology, known as PREDICT (Performance and Reliability Evaluation with Diverse Information Combination and Tracking), won a 1999 R and D 100 Award (Meyer, Booker, Bement, Kerscher, 1999). Specifically the PREDICT application is a formal, multidisciplinary process for estimating the performance of a product when test data are sparse or nonexistent. The acronym indicates the purpose of the methodology: to evaluate the performance or reliability of a product/system by combining all available (often diverse) sources of information and then tracking that performance as the product undergoes changes.

J. BOOKER; M. MEYER; ET AL

2001-02-01

51

Earthquakes for Kids and Grownups: Fun and Educational Activities & Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to earthquake-related educational activities for kids, teachers and adults in general. Facts about earthquakes, animations of earthquake activity, ideas for science fair projects and lists of recent earthquakes are provided. Materials for use by teachers are arranged by grade level. Extensive links to other web-based resources are provided. The kid's section includes such fun activities as on line coloring pages and word search puzzles.

52

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) approach to information technology (IT) benchmarking. The purpose is to engage other organizations in the collaborative process of benchmarking in order to improve the value of IT services provided to customers. This document's intended audience consists of other U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories and their IT staff. Although the individual participants must define the scope of collaborative benchmarking, an outline of IT service areas for possible benchmarking is described.

Hostetler, David D.; Goolsbey, Jan E.; Niesen, David A.; Phillips, Anita C.

1999-08-09

53

Information Technology and Healthcare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In July 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) launched its initiative to develop a National Health Information Infrastructure. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to create an electronic health record (EHR) for every American so that health records can be securely shared among health care providers. This Topic in Depth explores developments in electronic health records and technology.This first website (1) is the official site for the National Health Information Infrastructure 2004: Cornerstones for Electronic Healthcare. Some current ideas for how to share medical records, such as secured online postings or saving data on flash disks are discussed in this article from PC World (2). This next article (3) discusses another development in information technology, implantable electronic identification chips. The fourth website (4) presents findings from a recent Medical Records Institute survey of health providers on their current uses, future hopes and perceived barriers to electronic health record systems. One challenge for the initiative is interoperability, which is explained generally on this website (5). The issue of interoperability, as well as privacy and fragmentation in the health industry are addressed in the Preliminary Roadmap for Achieving Electronic Connectivity in Healthcare released by Connecting for Health (6). For more on current research on technology supporting the use of electronic records see this website from The Electronic Record Development and Implementation Programme (ERDIP) (7).

54

Information Technology, Responsibility, and Anthropology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is one potential object of responsibility as we know from texts about computer ethics, information ethics etc. This article aims to demonstrate that the ethical problems of computers and information technology frequently result from anthropological assumptions. The interaction of humans and computers is more than just the use of a value-neutral tool. The use of information technology changes

Bernd Carsten Stahl

2002-01-01

55

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Benchmarking is a methodology for searching out industry best practices that lead to superior performance. It is exchanging information, not just with any organization, but with organizations known to be the best within PNNL, in industry, or in dissimilar industries with equivalent functions. It is used as a continuous improvement tool for business and technical processes, products, and services. Information technology--comprising all computer and electronic communication products and services--underpins the development and/or delivery of many PNNL products and services. This document describes the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) approach to information technology (IT) benchmarking. The purpose is to engage other organizations in the collaborative process of benchmarking in order to improve the value of IT services provided to customers. TM document's intended audience consists of other US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories and their IT staff. Although the individual participants must define the scope of collaborative benchmarking, an outline of IT service areas for possible benchmarking is described.

DD Hostetler

1999-09-08

56

Outsourcing information technology  

SciTech Connect

Although it has become almost routine in most industries, outsourcing has only emerged as a hot topic in the utility industry over the past few years. Information technology (IT) is a prime candidate for outsourcing alternatives. And while not a panacea for all utilities, the trend to consider outsourcing one or more IT functions will become increasingly important as companies struggle to cope with deregulation and competitive pressures. This article describes how to determine if outsourcing is a viable alternative for a utility, and how to determine what is to be outsourced and how to manage the contract.

Gordon, K.A. (Planmetrics Inc., Chicago, IL (United States))

1994-01-15

57

Information Technology: Perspectives and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The full impact of the current information technology and networking revolution remains unknown, but the experiences of organizations and individuals who are using the tools and resources offered by information technology suggest that it may change our social fabric. Some of the current and emerging trends in information technology include: the…

Robinson, Doug

58

Information Technology and Monetary Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

I. Introduction The purpose of this conference is to examine the trend toward a world economy based on knowledge or information technology. In this opening speech, I would like to focus on the monetary policy implications of this trend. In my view, information technology—the use of computers, software, or networks—has two countervailing effects on monetary policy. First, information technology makes

John B. Taylor

1998-01-01

59

Information Theoric Framework for the Earthquake Recurrence Models : Methodica Firma Per Terra Non-Firma  

SciTech Connect

This paper first evaluates the earthquake prediction method (1999 ) used by US Geological Survey as the lead example and reviews also the recent models. Secondly, points out the ongoing debate on the predictability of earthquake recurrences and lists the main claims of both sides. The traditional methods and the 'frequentist' approach used in determining the earthquake probabilities cannot end the complaints that the earthquakes are unpredictable. It is argued that the prevailing 'crisis' in seismic research corresponds to the Pre-Maxent Age of the current situation. The period of Kuhnian 'Crisis' should give rise to a new paradigm based on the Information-Theoric framework including the inverse problem, Maxent and Bayesian methods. Paper aims to show that the information- theoric methods shall provide the required 'Methodica Firma' for the earthquake prediction models.

Esmer, Oezcan [Middle East Technical University, Department of City and Regional Planning, Ankara (Turkey)

2006-11-29

60

Preparing for an Earthquake: Information for Schools and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the past decade, catastrophic earthquakes have garnered international attention regarding the need for improving immediate and ongoing support services for disrupted communities. Following the December 26, 2004 Indonesian earthquake, the Indian Ocean tsunami was responsible for displacing millions and taking the lives of an estimated 320,000…

Heath, Melissa Allen; Dean, Brenda

2008-01-01

61

A kind of information on short-term and imminent earthquake precursors—research on atmospheric electric field anomalies before earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-time practice of observational research on earthquake prediction has shown that the information on short-term and\\u000a imminent earthquake precursors can hardly be detected, but it is very important for practical and effective earthquake prediction.\\u000a The result of analysis and study in this paper has shown that the anomaly of quasi-static atmospheric electric field may be\\u000a a kind of reliable

Jian-Guo Hao; Tian-Ming Tang; De-Rui Li

1998-01-01

62

77 FR 2734 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...the opportunity to advance information technology resources of the...

2012-01-19

63

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

64

Medical and information technologies converge medical and information technologies converge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology offers medical science tools to collect, process, store, and communicate clinical data. Healthcare institutions have adapted standards-based data communication technologies that allow easy implementation of communications infrastructure. As clinical and information technologies have converged, two trends have emerged: the widespread use of commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software and the use of standards-based communication technologies. Technical support for these

TED COHEN

2004-01-01

65

Information and Communication Technology: 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Supplemental to the current Annual Capital Expenditure Survey (ACES), the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Survey collects investment figures related to technology falling below a company's capitalization threshold. This survey is sent to a ...

2006-01-01

66

Turning the rumor of May 11, 2011 earthquake prediction In Rome, Italy, into an information day on earthquake hazard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A devastating earthquake had been predicted for May 11, 2011 in Rome. This prediction was never released officially by anyone, but it grew up in the Internet and was amplified by media. It was erroneously ascribed to Raffaele Bendandi, an Italian self-taught natural scientist who studied planetary motions. Indeed, around May 11, 2011, a planetary alignment was really expected and this contributed to give credibility to the earthquake prediction among people. During the previous months, INGV was overwhelmed with requests for information about this supposed prediction by Roman inhabitants and tourists. Given the considerable mediatic impact of this expected earthquake, INGV decided to organize an Open Day in its headquarter in Rome for people who wanted to learn more about the Italian seismicity and the earthquake as natural phenomenon. The Open Day was preceded by a press conference two days before, in which we talked about this prediction, we presented the Open Day, and we had a scientific discussion with journalists about the earthquake prediction and more in general on the real problem of seismic risk in Italy. About 40 journalists from newspapers, local and national tv's, press agencies and web news attended the Press Conference and hundreds of articles appeared in the following days, advertising the 11 May Open Day. The INGV opened to the public all day long (9am - 9pm) with the following program: i) meetings with INGV researchers to discuss scientific issues; ii) visits to the seismic monitoring room, open 24h/7 all year; iii) guided tours through interactive exhibitions on earthquakes and Earth's deep structure; iv) lectures on general topics from the social impact of rumors to seismic risk reduction; v) 13 new videos on channel YouTube.com/INGVterremoti to explain the earthquake process and give updates on various aspects of seismic monitoring in Italy; vi) distribution of books and brochures. Surprisingly, more than 3000 visitors came to visit INGV headquarters until 9 p.m.: families, school classes with and without teachers, civil protection groups, journalists. This initiative, built up in a few weeks, had a very large feedback, also due to the media highlighting the presumed prediction. Although we could not rule out the possibility of a strong earthquake in central Italy (with effects in Rome) we tried to explain the meaning of short term earthquake prediction vs. probabilistic seismic hazard assessment. Despite many people remained with the fear (many decided to take a day off and leave the town or stay in public parks), we contributed to reduce this feeling and therefore the social cost of this strange Roman day. Moreover, another lesson learned is that these (fortunately sporadic) circumstances, when people's attention is high, are important opportunities for science communication. We thank all the INGV colleagues who contributed to the May 11 Open Day, in particular the Press Office, the Educational and Outreach laboratory, the Graphics Laboratory and SissaMedialab. P.S. no large earthquake happened

Amato, A.; Cultrera, G.; Margheriti, L.; Nostro, C.; Selvaggi, G.; INGVterremoti Team

2011-12-01

67

Earthquake Hazard Analysis using Geological Characteristics and Geographic Information System (GIS) in the Southeastern Part of Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake Hazard Analysis using Geological Characteristics and GIS in the Southeastern Part of Korea The purpose of this study is to investigate earthquake hazards using geologic characteristics and geographic information system (GIS) for assessment and mitigation of earthquake hazards. The southeastern part of Korean peninsula, especially Ulsan and Pohang cities, was chosen for construction of GIS database and analysis of

Kyo-Young Song

2010-01-01

68

Using a geographic information system (GIS) to assess pediatric surge potential after an earthquake.  

PubMed

Geographic information systems (GIS) and geospatial technology (GT) can help hospitals improve plans for postdisaster surge by assessing numbers of potential patients in a catchment area and providing estimates of special needs populations, such as pediatrics. In this study, census-derived variables are computed for blockgroups within a 3-mile radius from Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) and from Los Angeles County-University of Southern California (LAC-USC) Medical Center. Landslide and liquefaction zones are overlaid on US Census Bureau blockgroups. Units that intersect with the hazard zones are selected for computation of pediatric surge potential in case of an earthquake. In addition, cartographic visualization and cluster analysis are performed on the entire 3-mile study area to identify hot spots of socially vulnerable populations. The results suggest the need for locally specified vulnerability models for pediatric populations. GIS and GT have untapped potential to contribute local specificity to planning for surge potential after a disaster. Although this case focuses on an earthquake hazard, the methodology is appropriate for an all-hazards approach. With the advent of Google Earth, GIS output can now be easily shared with medical personnel for broader application and improvement in planning. PMID:22700026

Curtis, Jacqueline W; Curtis, Andrew; Upperman, Jeffrey S

2012-06-01

69

Information technology: Servant or master?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology has tremendous potential as a tool of management in developing ever more sophisticated ways of handling management information. But it can never do away with the need for management, the process of using human ingenuity and creativity to come up with practical solutions to real problems. There is a danger that the technology could be used to diminish

Tim Morris

1989-01-01

70

New Technology and Information Explosion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A flood of new electronic technologies promises to usher in the Information Age and alter economic and social structures. Telematics, a potent combination of telecommunications and computer technologies, could eventually bring huge volumes of information to great numbers of people by making large data bases accessible to computer terminals in…

Johns, David

71

Information Technology and Disabilities (ITD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electronic Journal: Information Technology and Disabilities: Refereed journal focussed on the development and effective use of new and emerging technologies by computer users with disabilities. Founded by EASI (Equal Access to Software and Information), topics include issues affecting rehabilitation counselors, human resources professionals, and developers of adaptive computer hardware and software products.

1994-01-01

72

Study on environmental information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept and category was discussed in this paper, which introduces the present situation and several basic questions and studied methods of environmental information technology, centers on several kinds of environmental information technology, and prospects for the developmental trend of it. It is important to solve environmental problems, prevent environmental pollution, benefit human beings.

Ji-hong Zhou; Yu lian; Zhong-tao Shi; Xiao-tao Gou; Jun-guang Zhao; Ping Li

2009-01-01

73

Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Information Technology ...

74

Intelligence, Information Technology, and Information Warfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses the use of information technology for intelligence and information warfare in the context of national security and reviews the status of clandestine collection. Discusses hacking, human agent collection, signal interception, covert action, counterintelligence and security, and communications between intelligence producers and consumers…

Davies, Philip H. J.

2002-01-01

75

OMG Earthquake! Can Twitter improve earthquake response?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is investigating how the social networking site Twitter, a popular service for sending and receiving short, public, text messages, can augment its earthquake response products and the delivery of hazard information. The goal is to gather near real-time, earthquake-related messages (tweets) and provide geo-located earthquake detections and rough maps of the corresponding felt areas. Twitter and other social Internet technologies are providing the general public with anecdotal earthquake hazard information before scientific information has been published from authoritative sources. People local to an event often publish information within seconds via these technologies. In contrast, depending on the location of the earthquake, scientific alerts take between 2 to 20 minutes. Examining the tweets following the March 30, 2009, M4.3 Morgan Hill earthquake shows it is possible (in some cases) to rapidly detect and map the felt area of an earthquake using Twitter responses. Within a minute of the earthquake, the frequency of “earthquake” tweets rose above the background level of less than 1 per hour to about 150 per minute. Using the tweets submitted in the first minute, a rough map of the felt area can be obtained by plotting the tweet locations. Mapping the tweets from the first six minutes shows observations extending from Monterey to Sacramento, similar to the perceived shaking region mapped by the USGS “Did You Feel It” system. The tweets submitted after the earthquake also provided (very) short first-impression narratives from people who experienced the shaking. Accurately assessing the potential and robustness of a Twitter-based system is difficult because only tweets spanning the previous seven days can be searched, making a historical study impossible. We have, however, been archiving tweets for several months, and it is clear that significant limitations do exist. The main drawback is the lack of quantitative information such as epicenter, magnitude, and strong-motion recordings. Without quantitative data, prioritization of response measures, including building and infrastructure inspection, are not possible. The main advantage of Twitter is speed, especially in sparsely instrumented areas. A Twitter based system potentially could provide a quick notification that there was a possible event and that seismographically derived information will follow. If you are interested in learning more, follow @USGSted on Twitter.

Earle, P. S.; Guy, M.; Ostrum, C.; Horvath, S.; Buckmaster, R. A.

2009-12-01

76

Future information technology, 1984: telecommunications  

SciTech Connect

This document, the second in a series, focuses on telecommunications technology and related areas in computer organizations. It contains four primary parts: the telecommunications forecast through 1999, three perspectives on the divestitute of AT and T, a discussion of the general impacts of technology on computer security, and the management implications of the trends in information technology. Additionally, it contains the summary of an industry workshop on this forecast, a brief update of the 1983 forecast, and a glossary of terms. This forecast is a companion to Future Information Processing Technology - 1983 which contains fifteen year projections of computer hardware and software.

Kay, P.; Powell, P. (eds.)

1984-12-01

77

Global Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization is the perception of the world as one big market place. The notion of the boundariless world is expected to produce dramatic changes in key markets, major competitors, and Information Tech- nology products. As a result, organizations are encouraged to rise above the national boundaries and change their orientation to global corporations. Further, the increased spending in Global Information

Sudesh M. Duggal

2002-01-01

78

PNNL Information Technology Benchmarking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benchmarking is a methodology for searching out industry best practices that lead to superior performance. It is exchanging information, not just with any organization, but with organizations known to be the best within PNNL, in industry, or in dissimilar industries with equivalent functions. It is used as a continuous improvement tool for business and technical processes, products, and services. Information

DD Hostetler

1999-01-01

79

Today and Tomorrow of the Real-time Earthquake Information Equipment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UrEDAS, Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System, can realize the real-time early earthquake detection and alarm system in the world. Although this system is actually working for mostly railroad relations, such as the Shinkansen and subway lines, it is not the system limited to the railroad field. For example, there is a local government that has realized a tsunami warning system using real-time estimated earthquake parameters as magnitude and location, distributed by UrEDAS. UrEDAS is characterized by the serial processing without storage of seismic waveform for processing. For this reason, the procedure of data processing hardly changes with usual operation also in case of an earthquake, so the system does not carry out a system failure in case of an earthquake. And also UrEDAS does not require a network and is an autonomous distributed system strong against a natural disaster or cyber-terrorism. On 26 May 2003, the Sanriku-Minami earthquake of Mj 7.0 was occurred. It was so large that the maximum acceleration of about 600 Gal was observed along the Shinkansen line and 22 columns of the rigid frame viaducts (RC) were severely cracked. This earthquake occurred on the business hours of the Shinkansen. As expected, coastline _gCompact UrEDAS_h took out the early P wave alarm before the destructive earthquake motion and the validity of this system was proved for the first time. UrEDAS on the place where many faults exist has a problem in accuracy, especially for the epicentral azimuth. UrEDAS has been observing to consider on the situations of operation under such an unfavorable condition and tried to shorten the calculation time and improve the accuracy. On the other hand, UrEDAS has examined to distribute the earthquake information via Internet. At the time of Colima, Mexico earthquake on January 2003, UrEDAS in Mexico City detected this earthquake over one minute before the large motion and sent an information for persons concerned. The above systems are large-scale and requires high-cost, so it is impossible for general people to install this system easily. Considering on this situation, development of "FREQL" which aimed at epoch-making low cost and miniaturization is progressing to unite "UrEDAS" and "Compact UrEDAS", and to progress the processing time and presumed accuracy. FREQL, Fast Response Equipment against Quake Load, is pronounced _gfurekkulu_h and it means _gcoming shake_h in Japanese. On the other hand, the maximum acceleration is the physical value indispensable to grasp earthquake force and the seismic intensity is important to know the destructive power of an earthquake motion. Aiming to develop a small seismometer which can be installed in all residence and structures, instrumental seismic intensity corresponding to MMI was proposed and the small digital seismometer AcCo (Acceleration Collector) which can display the proposed objective seismic intensity data and the maximum acceleration on real time was developed. Although AcCo is small and cheap, it has an alarm function other than an earthquake observation function, and can widely use as not only for alarm but also for education. AcCo is the first seismometer as a new type of a realtime earthquake information equipment, which has a possibility of changing completely the view of future real-time earthquake disaster prevention.

Nakamura, Y.

2003-12-01

80

Technology, Information and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The context for learning, education, and arts has altered dramatically, as has the cultural environment for educators and those involved in artistic and creative activities. Several crucial developments have transformed the terrain of technology, education, art, and culture, profoundly affecting not only the social and political structure of…

Burnett, Ron

1998-01-01

81

Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials. The tutorials fall under the categories of electronics, fiber optics, general computing and programming, general telecommunications, java, math, matlab, networking and physics.

2012-12-17

82

Earthquake ethics through scientific knowledge, historical memory and societal awareness: the experience of direct internet information.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The experience of collection of data on earthquake effects and diffusion of information to people, carried on through the site "haisentitoilterremoto.it" (didyoufeelit) managed by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), has evidenced a constantly growing interest by Italian citizens. Started in 2007, the site has collected more than 520,000 compiled intensity questionnaires, producing intensity maps of almost 6,000 earthquakes. One of the most peculiar feature of this experience is constituted by a bi-directional information exchange. Every person can record observed effects of the earthquake and, at the same time, look at the generated maps. Seismologists, on the other side, can find each earthquake described in real time through its effects on the whole territory. In this way people, giving punctual information, receive global information from the community, mediated and interpreted by seismological knowledge. The relationship amongst seismologists, mass media and civil society is, thus, deep and rich. The presence of almost 20,000 permanent subscribers distributed on the whole Italian territory, alerted in case of earthquake, has reinforced the participation: the subscriber is constantly informed by the seismologists, through e-mail, about events occurred in his-her area, even if with very small magnitude. The "alert" service provides the possibility to remember that earthquakes are a phenomenon continuously present, on the other hand it shows that high magnitude events are very rare. This kind of information is helpful as it is fully complementary to that one given by media. We analyze the effects of our activity on society and mass media. The knowledge of seismic phenomena is present in each person, having roots on fear, idea of death and destruction, often with the deep belief of very rare occurrence. This position feeds refusal and repression. When a strong earthquake occurs, surprise immediately changes into shock and desperation. A positive approach to the topic should comprise: 1) a better knowledge of seismic activity, 2) acceptance of earthquakes as a constant presence, 3) understanding concepts related to probability, geological time, rare occurrence of catastrophic events, 4) disposition toward the correct solutions like buildings reinforcements, earthquake simulation activities, etc. Our activity has social and ethical implications, that have to be analyzed in order to find an equilibrium between alarmism and hazard undervaluation.

de Rubeis, Valerio; Sbarra, Paola; Sebaste, Beppe; Tosi, Patrizia

2013-04-01

83

Information Technology and Medically Uninsured  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The uninsured are an invisible face in America. Their health care needs are great and are met by a patchwork of venues scattered\\u000a throughout their communities. Access to health information technology may appear to be unnecessary, given the overwhelming\\u000a needs of individual patients. In fact, health information technology (HIT) represents one possible way to increase quality\\u000a care to this patient

Theresa Cullen

84

Information technologies and patient safety.  

PubMed

Advances in health information technology provide significant opportunities for improvements in surgical patient safety. The adoption and use of electronic health records can enhance communication along the surgical spectrum of care. Bar coding and radiofrequency identification technology are strategies to prevent retained surgical sponges and for tracking the operating room supply chain. Computerized intraoperative monitoring systems can improve the performance of the operating room team. Automated data registries collect patient information to be analyzed and used for surgical quality improvement. PMID:22269262

Ellner, Scott J; Joyner, Paul W

2011-12-05

85

Organizational Leadership through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of information technology (IT) is changing, and is becoming more important for the overall success of colleges today. The structure of IT has not changed much through the years, but a greater amount of institutions exist where multiple areas of technology are being merged back into a single IT organization. The model of IT explored in…

Anderson, John A.

86

Understanding Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article provides a brief description of the recent earthquakes in Pakistan and Sumatra and continues with an investigation of earthquakes and their causes. Topics include the relationship of earthquakes to plate tectonics and the structure of the Earth, especially faults; factors that contribute to the strength (magnitude) of earthquakes; and the uncertainties of earthquake prediction. There is also an overview of a research project to drill into the San Andreas fault, and a history of the development of the theory of plate tectonics. A bibliography and links to additional information are also provided.

Tenenbaum, David

1999-09-02

87

CISN Display - Reliable Delivery of Real-time Earthquake Information, Including Rapid Notification and ShakeMap to Critical End Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

The California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN) Display is part of a Web-enabled earthquake notification system alerting users in near real-time of seismicity, and also valuable geophysical information following a large earthquake. It will replace the Caltech\\/USGS Broadcast of Earthquakes (CUBE) and Rapid Earthquake Data Integration (REDI) Display as the principal means of delivering graphical earthquake information to users at emergency

H. Rico; E. Hauksson; E. Thomas; P. Friberg; D. Given

2002-01-01

88

Helsinki University of Technology: Computational Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computational Information Technology is a research group of the Laboratory of Computational Engineering at the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland. This section of the website introduces visitors to the group's work on modelling and analyzing complex physical, technical and economic processes and systems. Researchers "carry out method development and application oriented research on advanced probabilistic and information theoretic methods." Some applications include statistical modelling of financial markets, pattern recognition in neural networks, machine vision for microscope image processing, data mining, and intelligent human-machine interfaces. The Research Projects section describes the group's work in these areas and highlights the mathematical and statistical methods used, such as Bayesian methods, vision geometry, Turing's reaction-diffusion systems, and time-frequency analysis. Each research area has its own website, where the overall project and theoretical framework is described along with images and diagrams. Publications, such as theses and journal articles are listed and some conference proceedings and articles are available to download.

89

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

90

Information Technology and Indigenous People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information Technology and Indigenous People provides theoretical and empirical information related to the planning and execution of IT projects aimed at serving indigenous people. It explores many cultural concerns with IT implementation, including language issues and questions of cultural appropriateness, and brings together cutting-edge…

Dyson, Laurel, Ed.; Hendriks, Max, Ed.; Grant, Stephen, Ed.

2007-01-01

91

76 FR 4079 - Information Technology (IT) Security  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 1852 RIN 2700-AD46 Information Technology (IT) Security AGENCY...requirements related to Information Technology Security, consistent with...protecting the Agency's Information Technology (IT) resources, the...

2011-01-24

92

The U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Summary Posters: A GIS-based Education and Communication Product for Presenting Consolidated Post-Earthquake Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake Summary Posters (ESP's), a new product of the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Program, are produced at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden. The posters consist of rapidly-generated, GIS-based maps made following significant earthquakes worldwide (typically M>7.0, or events of significant media/public interest). ESP's consolidate, in an attractive map format, a large-scale epicentral map, several auxiliary regional overviews (showing tectonic and geographical setting, seismic history, seismic hazard, and earthquake effects), depth sections (as appropriate), a table of regional earthquakes, and a summary of the reional seismic history and tectonics. The immediate availability of the latter text summaries has been facilitated by the availability of Rapid, Accurate Tectonic Summaries (RATS) produced at NEIC and posted on the web following significant events. The rapid production of ESP's has been facilitated by generating, during the past two years, regional templates for tectonic areas around the world by organizing the necessary spatially-referenced data for the map base and the thematic layers that overlay the base. These GIS databases enable scripted Arc Macro Language (AML) production of routine elements of the maps (for example background seismicity, tectonic features, and probabilistic hazard maps). However, other elements of the maps are earthquake-specific and are produced manually to reflect new data, earthquake effects, and special characteristics. By the end of this year, approximately 85% of the Earth's seismic zones will be covered for generating future ESP's. During the past year, 13 posters were completed, comparable to the yearly average expected for significant earthquakes. Each year, all ESPs will be published on a CD in PDF format as an Open-File Report. In addition, each is linked to the special event earthquake pages on the USGS Earthquake Program web site (http://earthquake.usgs.gov). Although three formats are generated, the poster-size format is the most popular for display, outreach, and use as a working map for project scientists (JPEG format for web; PDF for download, editing, and printing) whereas the other (smaller) formats are suitable for briefing packages. We will soon make both GIS and PDF files of individual elements of the posters available online. ESP's provide an unprecedented opportunity for college earth-science faculty to take advantage of current events for timely lessons in global tectonics. They are also invaluable to communicate with the media and with government officials. ESP's will be used as a vehicle to present other products now under development under the auspices of NEIC and the ANSS, including rapid finite-fault models, global predictive ShakeMaps, "Did You Feel It?", and Rapid Assessments of Global Earthquakes (RAGE, Earle and others, this meeting).

Tarr, A.; Benz, H.; Earle, P.; Wald, D. J.

2003-12-01

93

Pitfalls of information technology management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an economy of rapid technological change managers need to be aware of newer technologies and how the adoption of these technologies affects competitive advantages. Information technology management systems are not delivering to business needs. A model is constructed to better understand information technology management systems. This is done using two approaches firstly a) managers information technology preferences are linked

Raj Siriram

2011-01-01

94

Management of information technology in academic information services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dependency of academic information services on information technology is growing, particularly as information technology is the primary infrastructure of a digital library. This is compound by the fast changing\\/developing nature of information technology and the trend towards digitisation. The changing nature of information technology contributes to the need to manage it. The focus of this article is on the

Marinus Swanepoel; Adeline Du Toit; Pieter A. Van Brakel

2001-01-01

95

Izmit Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab allows students to look at variety of data from the North Anatolian fault in Turkey. Specifically, students have the oportunity to: interpret seismograms from the Izmit earthquake in 1999 (while accessing some seismograph station information from IRIS) make and interpret an earthquake focal mechanism solution based on these seismograms locate the earthquake epicenter calculate the moment magnitude of the earthquake using published data showing epicenter locations and displacement measurements intepret historical data from the North Anatolian fault and tectonic-scale plate motion information to see what patterns occur in the regional seismicity.

Titus, Sarah

96

On the government information publicity in earthquake calamity—Taking Qinghai Yushu Earthquake as example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government Information disclosure, as a wide range of issues, has a positive impact on the construction of socialist democratic politics and on government scientific decision-making to prevent the corruption of power. In the sudden public crisis, government's information disclosure is the key to effective government response to the incident. It will help the government to better safeguard social public security,

Chuan-hui Zhang; Bo Zhou

2011-01-01

97

Privacy and Health Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased use of health information technology (health IT) is a common element of nearly every health reform proposal because it has the potential to decrease costs, improve health outcomes, coordinate care, and improve public health. However, it raises concerns about security and privacy of medical information.\\u000aThis paper examines some of the “gaps” in privacy protections that arise out

Deven McGraw

2009-01-01

98

Using information technology to enhance engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews three learning models and information technologies that can be used to support the effective application of these learning models in engineering higher education. The effectiveness of an information technology is analyzed through the appropriateness of the technology in supporting a particular learning model. The mapping of information technologies to learning models identifies technologies in which engineering schools

Heng Li

1996-01-01

99

Predicting Earthquake Effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advances in the earth sciences and information technology have lead to dramatic improvements in our ability to respond to, as well as anticipate and mitigate, earthquake effects in our communities. The development of Geographic Information System (GIS) based tools such as ShakeMap and HAZUS have ushered in a new era of risk and emergency management. Real-time maps of strong ground motion, coupled with engineering-based descriptions of building and infrastructure inventory and vulnerability enable more accurate determinations of the location and severity of earthquake damage and the socio-economic consequences for emergency managers and officials following significant earthquakes. The ability to map the distribution and growth of seismic risk in the United States has long-term benefits for public policy as well. Long-term forecasts of seismic risk based on varying mitigation strategies can provide guidance for developing national and local earthquake policy. The successful performance of the Trans-Alaska pipeline during the 2002 Denali earthquake illustrates the dependence of performance-based engineering on the ability to predict earthquake effects (e.g., levels of strong ground motion, amounts of fault displacement or ground deformation). Being able to reduce the uncertainty in predicting these parameters has significant economic consequences and enables decision makers to more efficiently prioritize risk management strategies.

Nishenko, S.

2005-12-01

100

Will Information Technologies Help Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Authors aim in this paper is to clarify technology's impact on learning and to illuminate the forces behind this impact, so that informed citizens may participate more fully in guiding a coherent evolution of the nation's strategic resources for learning. (Authors/CB)|

Oettinger, Anthony G.; Zapol, Nikki

1972-01-01

101

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of all issues/pages of the electronic journal "Information Technology and Disabilities" published during 1996, i.e., a total of 13 ITD articles: (1) "New CSUF (California State University at Fullerton) Braille Transcription Center Promotes Access to Postsecondary Instructional Materials for the California State University…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1996-01-01

102

Interorganizational Governance of Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims at better understanding how information technology (IT) governance supports organizations in their business exchanges with other organizations. Its main objective is to define the various modes of IT governance contributing to successful interorganizational relationships. Borrowing from the network governance area, three major constructs ? structure, processes, and participants ? are considered to study these modes. The maturity

Anne-marie Croteau; François Bergeron

2009-01-01

103

Information Society Technologies in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing demand for more efficient and effective health- care services, coupled with an implicit requirement for supporting citi- zen mobility and continuity of care, is currently setting the stage for the exploitation of Information and Telecommunications Technologies in the health sector. The current vision comprises affordable wireless access to healthcare resources and services for all citizens, thus making medical

Dimitrios G. Katehakis; Manolis Tsiknakis; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

2000-01-01

104

Intellectual Property Meets Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses issues that products of information technology raise for intellectual property. Describes three kinds of support that the university may contribute to the creation of an intellectual product: financial, intellectual, and reputational. Discusses the standards of accuracy, appropriateness, and fairness that the university must uphold. (AEF)

Thompson, Dennis F.

1999-01-01

105

Academic libraries and information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the convergence of the academic library and the information technology departments regarding whether this is, as has been suggested, “an arranged marriage” or a synchronous melding of two related services, and to establish an awareness of the various models resulting from this concept. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form

Bruce E. Massis

2011-01-01

106

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Building an Accessible CD-ROM Reference Station" (Rochelle Wyatt and Charles Hamilton); "Development of an Accessible User Interface for People Who Are Blind or Vision Impaired as Part of the Re-Computerisation of Royal Blind Society…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1994-01-01

107

INFORMATION, TECHNOLOGY, EMBODIMENT AND GROWTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sector of information technologies has been recently invoked to crucially matter in the recent trends and performances of national economies (see for example Gordon, 1999, and Greenwood and Jovanovic, 1999). In this paper, we propose a computable general equilibrium framework in which this sector is explicitly modeled. Indeed, we model this sector to meet the following characteristics. First at

Raouf Boucekkine

2000-01-01

108

Information technology fluency in practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work has stressed the importance of fluency with information technology (IT) in the modern world. This report presents a set of context profiles that detail courses and programs to realize increased IT fluency across a small sampling of academic institutions. The goal is to provide some representative examples for other schools interested in addressing the issues associated with IT

John P. Dougherty; Tom Dececchi; Tony Clear; Brad Richards; Stephen Cooper; Tadeusz Wilusz

2003-01-01

109

Proposal as to Efficient Collection and Exploitation of Earthquake Damage Information and Verification by Field Experiment at Toyohashi City  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on the earlier study result that the gathering of damage information can be quickly achieved in a municipality with a smaller population, it is proposed that damage information is gathered and analyzed using an area roughly equivalent to a primary school district as a basic unit. The introduction of this type of decentralized system is expected to quickly gather important information on each area. The information gathered by these communal disaster prevention bases is sent to the disaster prevention headquarters which in turn feeds back more extensive information over a wider area to the communal disaster prevention bases. Concrete systems have been developed according to the above mentioned framework, and we performed large-scale experiments on simulating disaster information collection, transmission and on utilization for smooth responses against earthquake disaster with collaboration from Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture, where is considered to suffer extensive damage from the Tokai and Tonankai Earthquakes with very high probability of the occurrence. Using disaster information collection/transmission equipments composed of long-distance wireless LAN, a notebook computer, a Web camera and an IP telephone, city staffs could easily input and transmit the information such as fire, collapsed houses and impassable roads, which were collected by the inhabitants participated in the experiment. Headquarters could confirm such information on the map automatically plotted, and also state of each disaster-prevention facility by means of Web-cameras and IP telephones. Based on the damage information, fire-spreading, evaluation, and traffic simulations were automatically executed at the disaster countermeasure office and their results were displayed on the large screen to utilize for making decisions such as residents' evacuation. These simulated results were simultaneously displayed at each disaster-prevention facility and were served to make people understand the situation of whole damage of the city and necessity of evacuation with optimum timing and access. According to the evaluation by the city staffs through the experiments, information technology is available for rationally implementing initial responses just after a large earthquake in spite of some improvement on the systems used in the experiments.

Zama, Shinsaku; Endo, Makoto; Takanashi, Ken'ichi; Araiba, Kiminori; Sekizawa, Ai; Hosokawa, Masafumi; Jeong, Byeong-Pyo; Hisada, Yoshiaki; Murakami, Masahiro

110

New information technologies in spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of gas media spectroscopy at high temperature is accompanied by large and complex data amount. In order to manage these data one should use specialized information systems able to execute formal stale operations with friendly interface. In the present paper we discuss the problems of development of an integral distributed information system using up-to-date object oriented technologies and technologies for distributed systems based on CORBA 2.0 (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). On the basis of modern information technologies we have developed HOTGAS and SMOLA software. Both can be run under Windows operation system. HOTGAS is intended for calculation of spectral line parameters (SLP) and absorption coefficients for CO, CO2 and H2O in 250 - 3000 K temperature range. SMOLA is intended for accumulation, systematization and use of published SLP data for different molecules. It also has a graphic interface and possesses the advantages of other Windows software. To provide comprehensive informational support and to execute all the diversity of tasks in the sphere of rovibrational spectroscopy of gas media we offer a project for integral distributed informational system design.

Sheludyakov, T. Y.; Voitsekhovskaya, Olga K.

2000-01-01

111

Community-based Information Technology Workforce Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-based Information Technology Workforce Development is a design pattern for community computing in which community members build the information and activities of their own information infrastructure, and though doing this, and through sharing with other community members, they develop and enhance their information technology skills. This is a vision for continuous community learning about information technology, and a programme for

John M. Carroll; Daniel R. Dunlap; Philip L. Isenhour; Andrea Kavanaugh; Mary Beth Rosson; Wendy Schafer

112

Information technology, Part 3. The technology hierarchy.  

PubMed

The era of the networked society--and medical care depending on networked intelligence--is dawning. Physicians need to plan for office practice information systems in common, with an eye to conveying data electronically between all the locations of care and all the providers involved in caring for defined populations of people. The shared database will become the most important asset of the collection of providers who make up the delivery system that creates it. This will be accomplished by layering technology on local and wide-area networks of group practices, hospitals, health plans, and payers and developing standards that make data accessible in the same format to all users, no matter where they are. PMID:10161956

Ruffin, M

1996-09-01

113

Geospatial and geophysical information for earthquake hazard assessment in Vrancea area, Romania  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vrancea area at the sharp bend of the Southeast Carpathians in Romania is one of the highest seismogenic zones in Europe, the present-day tectonic activity in this region being characterized by a small zone of intense shallow- to intermediate-depth seismicity that is often interpreted as reflecting the late stage of intra-continental collision. Efforts to advance understanding of earthquake physics and assessing of earthquake hazard in Vrancea seismic area require detailed observations of all phases of the earthquake cycle (pre-, co-, and post-seismic), across multiple fault systems and tectonic environment. Earthquake prediction has two potentially compatible but distinctly different objectives: (a) phenomena that provide information about the future earthquake hazard useful to those who live in earthquake-prone regions and (b) phenomena causally related to the physical processes governing failure on a fault that will improve our understanding of those processes. Remote sensing and geospatial information tools and techniques, including numerical modeling, have advanced considerably in recent years, enabling a greater understanding of the Earth as a complex system of geophysical phenomena. Space-based geodetic measurements using the Global Positioning System in synergy with ground-based seismological measurements, interferometric synthetic aperture radar data, high-resolution digital elevation models as well imaging spectroscopy (e.g. using ASTER, MODIS and Hyperion data) are contributing significantly to seismic hazard and risk assessment. Space-time anomalies of Earth's emitted radiation (radon in underground water and soil and surface air , thermal infrared in spectral range measured from satellite months to weeks before the occurrence of earthquakes etc.), ionospheric and electromagnetic anomalies have been interpreted, by several authors, as pre-seismic signals. For seismic hazard analysis in Vrancea area, Romania have been selected the earthquake precursors detectable from space which can also be observed by ground-based monitoring experiments: surface deformation provided by GPS and SAR imaging, land surface temperature changes as possible precursors provided by ASTER, Landsat TM and ETM, electromagnetic and ionospheric anomalies, radon gas emissions in the faults areas prior to earthquakes, as well as seismicity. Multispectral and multitemporal satellite images (LANDSAT TM, ETM , ASTER, MODIS) over 1989-2009 period have been analyzed for recognizing the continuity and regional relationships of active faults as well as for geologic and seismic hazard mapping. In spite of providing the best constraints on the rate of strain accumulation on active faults (coseismic, postseismic, and interseismic deformation; plate motion and crustal deformation at plate boundaries), GPS measurements have a low spatial resolution, and deformation in the vertical direction can not be determined very accurately. As Vrancea area has a significant regional tectonic activity in Romania and Europe, the joint analysis of geospatial and in-situ geophysical information is revealing new insights in the field of hazard assessment. For Vrancea region, observations of surface kinematics with data provided by Global Positioning System (GPS) network constitute a new and independent data source. In combination with geologic and geophysical information, surface motions may help to unravel the intriguing tectonics of the region. GPS Romanian network stations data revealed a displacement of about few millimeters (5-6 mm) per year in horizontal direction relative motion, and a (2-3 mm) per year in vertical direction. As Vrancea area is characterized by a significant regional tectonic activity, evidenced by neotectonic deformation and seismicity, future use of long-term interferometric data will be a useful tool in active tectonic investigation for this region. The joint analysis of geodetic, seismological and geological information on the spatial distribution of crustal deformations as well as the analysis of some earthquake precursors is revealing new

Zoran, Maria

2010-05-01

114

Plotting Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners discover how to plot earthquakes on a map by exploring recent earthquake activity in California and Nevada. Within this activity, learners also practice using latitudinal and longitudinal lines and make predictions. This detailed lesson plan includes key vocabulary words, background information for educators, extension ideas, and resources.

Sciences, California A.

2012-06-26

115

Internship in Information Technology Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This spring semester I had the opportunity to do my internship in department of Information Technology Service (ITS) in KSU. I interned in the Computer Lab which is one division of ITS.\\u000aThe purpose of my internship is to demonstrate the ability to apply what I have learned from the classroom to an actual work experience. The analysis of the

Weiqiang Li

2009-01-01

116

End-User Applications of Real-Time Earthquake Information in Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary objective of European FP7 project REAKT (Strategies and Tools for Real-Time Earthquake Risk Reduction) is to improve the efficiency of real-time earthquake risk mitigation methods and their capability of protecting structures, infrastructures, and populations. REAKT aims to address the issues of real-time earthquake hazard and response from end-to-end, with efforts directed along the full spectrum of methodology development in earthquake forecasting, earthquake early warning, and real-time vulnerability systems, through optimal decision-making, and engagement and cooperation of scientists and end users for the establishment of best practices for use of real-time information. Twelve strategic test cases/end users throughout Europe have been selected. This diverse group of applications/end users includes civil protection authorities, railway systems, hospitals, schools, industrial complexes, nuclear plants, lifeline systems, national seismic networks, and critical structures. The scale of target applications covers a wide range, from two school complexes in Naples, to individual critical structures, such as the Rion Antirion bridge in Patras, and the Fatih Sultan Mehmet bridge in Istanbul, to large complexes, such as the SINES industrial complex in Portugal and the Thessaloniki port area, to distributed lifeline and transportation networks and nuclear plants. Some end-users are interested in in-depth feasibility studies for use of real-time information and development of rapid response plans, while others intend to install real-time instrumentation and develop customized automated control systems. From the onset, REAKT scientists and end-users will work together on concept development and initial implementation efforts using the data products and decision-making methodologies developed with the goal of improving end-user risk mitigation. The aim of this scientific/end-user partnership is to ensure that scientific efforts are applicable to operational, real-world problems.

Cua, G. B.; Gasparini, P.; Giardini, D.; Zschau, J.; Filangieri, A. R.; Reakt Wp7 Team

2011-12-01

117

Earthquake Education and Public Information Centers: A Collaboration Between the Earthquake Country Alliance and Free-Choice Learning Institutions in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1999 the Southern California Earthquake Center initiated an effort to expand its reach to multiple target audiences through the development of an interpretive trail on the San Andreas fault at Wallace Creek and an earthquake exhibit at Fingerprints Youth Museum in Hemet. These projects and involvement with the San Bernardino County Museum in Redlands beginning in 2007 led to the creation of Earthquake Education and Public Information Centers (EPIcenters) in 2008. The impetus for the development of the network was to broaden participation in The Great Southern California ShakeOut. In 2009 it has grown to be more comprehensive in its scope including its evolution into a statewide network. EPIcenters constitute a variety of free-choice learning institutions, representing museums, science centers, libraries, universities, parks, and other places visited by a variety of audiences including families, seniors, and school groups. They share a commitment to demonstrating and encouraging earthquake preparedness. EPIcenters coordinate Earthquake Country Alliance activities in their county or region, lead presentations or organize events in their communities, or in other ways demonstrate leadership in earthquake education and risk reduction. The San Bernardino County Museum (Southern California) and The Tech Museum of Innovation (Northern California) serve as EPIcenter regional coordinating institutions. They interact with over thirty institutional partners who have implemented a variety of activities from displays and talks to earthquake exhibitions. While many activities are focused on the time leading up to and just after the ShakeOut, most EPIcenter members conduct activities year round. Network members at Kidspace Museum in Pasadena and San Diego Natural History Museum have formed EPIcenter focus groups on early childhood education and safety and security. This presentation highlights the development of the EPIcenter network, synergistic activities resulting from this collaboration, and lessons learned from interacting with free-choice learning institutions.

Degroot, R. M.; Springer, K.; Brooks, C. J.; Schuman, L.; Dalton, D.; Benthien, M. L.

2009-12-01

118

Why informal information technology management models do not work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty years ago, very few universities had information technology departments. The university personnel who worked with computer technology usually had backgrounds in mathematics or engineering. Technology management was an alien concept. This worked fine for that era because there was very little technology to manage and therefore, very few Information Technology personnel to manage. As the discipline matured, the need

James Lackey; Steve Brown

2002-01-01

119

The use of geologic and seismologic information to reduce earthquake Hazards in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five examples illustrate how geologic and seismologic information can be used to reduce the effects of earthquakes Included are procedures for anticipating damage to critical facilities, preparing, adopting, or implementing seismic safety studies, plans, and programs, retrofitting highway bridges, regulating development in areas subject to fault-rupture, and strengthening or removing unreinforced masonry buildings. The collective effect of these procedures is to improve the public safety, health, and welfare of individuals and their communities.

Kockelman, William J.; Campbell, Catherine C.

1984-06-01

120

Earthquake preparedness levels amongst youth and adults in Oakland, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The San Francisco Bay Area has not experienced a large earthquake since 1989. However research shows that the Hayward fault is overdue for a tremor, based on paleo-seismic research. To analyze the level of earthquake preparedness in the Oakland area (close to the Hayward fault), we surveyed over 150 people to assess their understanding of earthquakes. Our research evaluates whether increased earthquake knowledge impacts people's preparedness and concern toward earthquake events. Data was collected using smart-phone technology and survey software in four sites across Oakland including; North Oakland, Downtown, East Oakland, and a summer school program in East Oakland, which has youth from throughout the city. Preliminary studies show that over 60% of interviewees have sufficient earthquake knowledge, but that over half of all interviewees are not prepared for a seismic event. Our study shows that in Oakland, California earthquake preparedness levels vary, which could mean we need to develop more ways to disseminate information on earthquake preparedness.

Burris, M.; Arroyo-Ruiz, D.; Crockett, C.; Dixon, G.; Jones, M.; Lei, P.; Phillips, B.; Romero, D.; Scott, M.; Spears, D.; Tate, L.; Whitlock, J.; Diaz, J.; Chagolla, R.

2011-12-01

121

Information Technology Section. Management and Technology Division. Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers on information technology, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "Automation's Impact on (Information) Users" by Arja-Riitta Haarala (Finland); (2) "Economics and Politics of Information Technology: Some Trends in Its Application to Information for the…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

122

Underlying Technical Models for Information Technology Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Report for Information Technology Security provides a description of the technical foundations, termed 'models,' that underlie secure information technology (IT). The intent is to provide, in a concise form, the models that should be considered in the...

G. R. Stoneburner

2001-01-01

123

Introduction. Information, knowledge and technology.  

PubMed

Technology is the sum of the ways in which social groups manipulate order in the world to achieve their ends. It enables our active engagement with the world. Technology is central to our present well-being and vital for our future survival. As such it needs a coherent world view, a conceptual framework which will enable the fundamental problems that it poses for society to be approached in an illuminating way. Furthermore, such an approach, while remaining convincing, must not be overwhelmed by an ever-increasing welter of specialization and diversity of application. It is the purpose of the set of papers presented here to examine some key aspects of such a conceptual framework; not in the sense of offering a fully worked out philosophy of technology--that would be a huge and complex undertaking--but rather by considering some key topics. Subsidiary aims are to survey important relevant areas, to identify key sources that can provide access points for further study, and to consider some possible future developments. Major, coherent domains of activity are characterized by a few, fundamental, extensively used and essentially unifying concepts. Technology is such a domain, and its fundamental concepts are information, knowledge and agency. The following sections give a synoptic overview of the material presented in this theme issue, and set it within a wider context. PMID:12952675

MacFarlane, Alistair G J

2003-08-15

124

Information Technology Outside Health Care  

PubMed Central

Non-health-care uses of information technology (IT) provide important lessons for health care informatics that are often overlooked because of the focus on the ways in which health care is different from other domains. Eight examples of IT use outside health care provide a context in which to examine the content and potential relevance of these lessons. Drawn from personal experience, five books, and two interviews, the examples deal with the role of leadership, academia, the private sector, the government, and individuals working in large organizations. The interviews focus on the need to manage technologic change. The lessons shed light on how to manage complexity, create and deploy standards, empower individuals, and overcome the occasional “wrongness” of conventional wisdom. One conclusion is that any health care informatics self-examination should be outward-looking and focus on the role of health care IT in the larger context of the evolving uses of IT in all domains.

Tuttle, Mark S.

1999-01-01

125

Extreme Earthquakes: Implications of the Current State of Earthquake Risk Assessment and Forecasting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Major earthquakes are a type of extreme event that can produce great damage and loss of life. As world populations become more heavily concentrated in seismically active regions, it is only a matter of time before a major earthquake destroys a large metropolitan area. Until recently, it was thought that little or no information could be detected about future major earthquake locations or occurrence times using only seismic catalogs. The state-of-the-art in spatial information about future earthquakes has been the national and world hazard maps, which are actually forecasts of ground shaking probabilities over a 50-year time window. Similarly, the temporal dependence of major earthquakes has been thought to be governed by Poisson statistics, implying that future earthquakes have no memory of past earthquake locations or occurrence times. However, very recent research is leading to a substantial reappraisal of the information content of standard seismic catalogs. Using new ensemble classifier technology, together with signal detection theory, both of which grow out of modern pattern analysis methods, we are now finding that much tighter limits can be placed upon the space and time windows in which future major earthquakes will occur. Using these ideas, it may be possible to assess earthquake risk by computing actual space-time probabilities relating to the occurrence of major earthquakes in a region. In this talk, I discuss current research in this field, as well as the difficulties that may occur in practical use of these ideas in the public policy and economic arenas.

Rundle, J. B.; Holliday, J. R.

2007-05-01

126

Saint Louis University Earthquake Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Saint Louis University (SLU) Earthquake Center provides recent Midwest earthquake locations, the history of central U.S. earthquakes, a link for reporting an earthquake, historic earthquake and instrument photographs, and explanations of the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale. There are earthquake information flyers, links to course websites and course notes, a textbook description, computer tools and earthquake catalogs, and recent theses and dissertations. There are also links to seismic systems and networks as well as SLU network reports.

127

Integrating Information & Communications Technologies into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Integrating Information & Communications Technologies Into the Classroom" examines topics critical to business, computer science, and information technology education, such as: school improvement and reform, standards-based technology education programs, data-driven decision making, and strategic technology education planning. This book also…

Tomei, Lawrence, Ed.

2007-01-01

128

Implementation of Near Real-Time Methods Using Surface Waves to Determine Earthquake Source Characteristics at the National Earthquake Information Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the implementation of two near real-time methods for determining earthquake source characteristics using long-period surface waves at the US Geological Survey's National Earthquake Information Center (USGS/NEIC). Long-period (60 to 300 s) seismic waveforms are well suited for this purpose because they can be well modeled using simple propagation models and are less sensitive to source complexity than short period (1 s) waves that are commonly used for earthquake monitoring. A prototype system for Surface wave Location and Association in Quasi Real time (SLAQR) that employs very long period (> 60 s) vertical-component surface waves has been implemented in test mode using data from the Global Seismographic Network (GSN). SLAQR continuously back-projects waveform envelopes on a global grid using surface wave dispersion relations. Preliminary results show that this method, as currently in operation at the NEIC, can consistently locate global earthquakes down to a magnitude 5.5. The magnitude determination, which is based on a simple empirical relationship, is generally accurate to within 0.2 magnitude units. More importantly, SLAQR can provide reliable locations and magnitudes for very large earthquakes, such as the 2004/2005 Sumatra events, within 30-40 minutes of their origin time. Furthermore, since the magnitude calculation is based on long period data, magnitudes for slow earthquakes such as some ridge and tsunami earthquakes are not underestimated as commonly occurs in shorter period analysis. Future development will focus on a reliable triggering algorithm for automated event detection and the continuous calculation of moment tensors and earthquake depths from the spectral amplitude and phase measurements already produced by the system. A fully automatic system to determine centroid moment tensors using three component surface waves with periods between 150-300 s is also running at the NEIC. Two versions are currently operational: one in a research/evaluation mode and another fully incorporated into the NEIC Hydra system. New improvements in the area of reliability assessment are currently being tested. Future work will investigate the finite fault information contained in the centroid time and centroid location parameters, how to incorporate a priori knowledge of the fault orientation, and the use of noise characteristics in the automatic selection of channels.

Polet, J.; Thio, H. K.; Earle, P.

2008-12-01

129

Patent information for strategic technology management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information in patent data can be used for strategic planning purposes. A conceptual framework is developed showing the use of patent information in core areas of technology management. This paper addresses how patent information can be used for competitor monitoring, technology assessment, R&D portfolio management, the identification and assessment of potential sources for the external generation of technological knowledge,

Holger Ernst

2003-01-01

130

The Challenge of Information Technology to Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes ideas on five main issues presented at the World Conference on Computers in Education held in Norfolk, Virginia, in August 1985: impact of transferring practical information processing to technology; size of devices; information technology costs; computers at home, in public schools, and universities; and information technology's impact…

Haefner, Klaus

1985-01-01

131

TEACHING RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on an approach to teaching an Information Technology Research Methodology course in a doctoral program, the Doctorate of Management in Information Technology. In this program dissertation research comprises a significant part of the degree following coursework in the domain of information technology. The paper was motivated by the desire to share the experience of the teaching team

S. Alan McCord

132

CISN Display Progress to Date - Reliable Delivery of Real-Time Earthquake Information, and ShakeMap to Critical End Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

The California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN) has collaborated to develop a next-generation earthquake notification system that is nearing its first operations-ready release. The CISN Display actively alerts users of seismic data, and vital earthquake hazards information following a significant event. It will primarily replace the Caltech\\/USGS Broadcast of Earthquakes (CUBE) and Rapid Earthquake Data Integration (REDI) Display as the principal

H. Rico; E. Hauksson; E. Thomas; P. Friberg; K. Frechette; D. Given

2003-01-01

133

Information Technology Implementation Research: A Technological Diffusion Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the innovation and technological diffusion literatures, promising research questions concerning the implementation of a production and inventory control information system (material requirements planning: MRP) are identified and empirically examined. These questions focus on the interaction of managerial tasks with the information technology and the resulting effect on the adoption and infusion of that technology. Using a random sample

Randolph B. Cooper; Robert W. Zmud

1990-01-01

134

Earthquake Hazard Analysis using Geological Characteristics and Geographic Information System (GIS) in the Southeastern Part of Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake Hazard Analysis using Geological Characteristics and GIS in the Southeastern Part of Korea The purpose of this study is to investigate earthquake hazards using geologic characteristics and geographic information system (GIS) for assessment and mitigation of earthquake hazards. The southeastern part of Korean peninsula, especially Ulsan and Pohang cities, was chosen for construction of GIS database and analysis of earthquake hazards such as liquefaction, landslide. Two municipal areas are represented as ones of the most populous industrial cities in Korea. However, several large-scale faults such as the Yangsan fault occurred in the vicinity of those areas. In this study, important factors closely related to earthquake hazards such as seismicity, geology, soil distribution, groundwater depth and ground slope data were compiled for spatial database using GIS, and ranked by relative susceptibility of earthquake hazards. To classify vulnerable areas and analyze probability for susceptibility of earthquake hazards, each factor was computed and applied to established dataset for liquefaction and landslide induced from earthquake. To present, the probability of liquefaction in the study area is calculated to about 0.012~0.133 when g value is 0.13~0.14 g. But if the moment magnitude increases to 7.0, the probability of liquefaction increases up to 0.802. The probability of landslide is almost null at present, but it increases rapidly when the moment magnitude reaches 5.0. The landslide is expected in all unstable slopes when the moment magnitude exceeds 6.0. The acquired results from the study area indicate that the liquefaction and landslide induced from earthquake is closely related to the geology. Therefore, general geology such as kind of rocks and age of rocks is very important factor in analyzing earthquake hazards.

Song, Kyo-Young

2010-05-01

135

Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT) is a âÂÂconsortium of 10 community colleges throughout Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakotaâ focused on âÂÂstrengthening and expanding the regionâÂÂs information technology (IT) workforce.â On their site, visitors will find information on MCITâÂÂs initiatives and impact, as well as resources about MCITâÂÂs research and information technology recruitment and careers. This is a useful resource for helping community college students or recent graduates find information on information technology professional development.

2007-04-23

136

Information technology and the social construction of information privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how the conflict between information technology and information privacy is socially constructed and enacted through judicial decisions, legislative mandates, and private sector initiatives such as WebTrustSM\\/TM and other privacy seal programs. We first identify some reasons individuals may have for wanting to control their personal information, how such privacy is eroded by advances in information technology, and

Brian P Shapiro; C. Richard Baker

2001-01-01

137

Information Technology for Freight Transportation Coordination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The business,of freight transportation is undergoing a technological revolution at it moves toward,the 21st century. New technologies,are being developed,and adopted in each mode of freight transportation, such as a.c. power for locomotives. The one technology,that affects all modes,is information technology. Information technology related to the coordination of logistics and supply chain management, has the capability of affecting all the

Barrie R. Nault

138

Susceptibility assessment of secondary geological disaster based on GIS and Information value methodology for Yushu earthquake region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Yushu MS7.1 earthquake, occurred on 14 April 2010 in Qinghai province induced a kind of secondary geological disasters. Based on GIS and information value methodology, taking slope, aspect, altitude, slope shape, fault and lithology as assessment genes, information value of disasters in different assessment genes were calculated by geostatistical analysis. Information value map was obtained based on spatial analysis of

quanfu Niu; yong Liu; yaowen Xie; weiming Cheng

2010-01-01

139

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2013-07-01

140

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2013-07-01

141

USGS Earthquake Hazards Program: Current Earthquakes Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Geological Survey's National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) provides this Website for current earthquake maps (for a related USGS site of geologic hazards, see the September 18, 1998 Scout Report). Taken from the NEIC's Near-Real Time Earthquake Bulletin, maps of the world, hemispheres, continents, and sub-continents provide location and phase data for the most recent seismic events. More detailed maps and charts can be accessed by clicking on earthquake locations on the larger maps.

142

A Study of Information Technology Job Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compounding the shortage problem for more information technology (IT) workers is the continuous change in cutting edge information technology. Directly affected by these technological changes are the types of skills demanded of IT professionals. The primary purpose of this study is to identify the types of skills demanded of IT professionals. The results of this research indicated that the types

Lai C. Liu; Kai S. Koong; Les Rydl

143

Evaluation and Assessment in Educational Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains the following articles on evaluating and assessing educational information technology: (1) "Assessing Learning in the New Age of Information Technology in Education" (Leping Liu, D. LaMont Johnson, Cleborne D. Maddux, and Norma J. Henderson); (2) "Instruments for Assessing the Impact of Technology in Education" (Rhonda…

Liu, Leping, Ed.; Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Henderson, Norma J., Ed.

144

Internet and information technologies: facts and fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology advances are spawning visions of radically altered modus operandi for commerce, education, business, information storage and receival. Proponents of virtual technology domination offer a world of instant communications, information sharing, and binary commerce. Some express alarm to the electronic visionaries and see an expected world vacated of human interactions, which is populated by e-hermits. The reality is that

Ronald D. McNeil

2001-01-01

145

Integrating Information Technologies Into Large Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how information technology tools are currently cutting cost andadding value for NASA Langley internal and external customers. Three components froma larger strategic WWW framework are highlighted: Geographic Information Systems(GIS), Integrated Computer Environment (ICE), and LANTERN (Langley's Intranet).Based on experiences with these and related projects at Langley, we suggest that there arefour pillars of information technology project success:

Gretchen L. Gottlich; John M. Meyer; Michael L. Nelson; David J. Bianco

1997-01-01

146

Development of Integrated Information Technology System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Integrated Medical Information Technology System (IMITS) Program is focused on implementation of advanced technology solutions that eliminate inefficiencies, increase utilization and improve quality of care for active duty forces. The work on this pro...

S. E. Gilstrap

2004-01-01

147

Development of the Integrated Information Technology System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Integrated Medical Information Technology System (IMITS) Program is focused on implementation of advanced technology solutions that eliminate inefficiencies, increase utilization and improve quality of care for active duty forces. The work on this pro...

2005-01-01

148

United States Geological Survey, Earthquake Hazards Program: Earthquake Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes the research activities of the Earthquake Hazards Program (EHP) of the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The activities include: borehole geophysics and rock mechanics, crustal deformation, earthquake information, earthquake geology and paleoseismology, hazards, seismology and earth structure, and strong motion seismology, site response, and ground motion. Other links include: earthquake activity, earthquake facts and education, earthquake products, hazards and preparedness, regional websites, and seismic networks.

149

Journal of Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology's purpose "is to encourage the sharing of knowledge and collaboration among the wide variety of fields that use information technology to inform clients." This interdisciplinary journal, one of the Informing Science Institute's open access journals, incorporates computer science, education, health care, government, and psychology, just to name a few. All articles from the journal, beginning in 2004, are available for free in pdf form. Visitors will find articles on teaching wireless technology, programming language education, undergraduate preparation for IT certification, and information security management. It is an excellent resource for any educator teaching IT courses to stay current with new education trends and topics.

Cohen, Eli B.

2008-02-12

150

Integrating RS technology into a GIS-based earthquake prevention and disaster reduction system for earthquake damage evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a method to integrate remote sensing (RS) data processing, generation of isoseismal lines and human-computer interaction modules into an improved GIS-based disaster reduction system. Using the RS data processing module, a statistical sample gray value and the RS-intensity at each field survey point in the region are calculated from the probabilistic relationship between the RS-variable and earthquake intensity, and stored in the GIS-based system database. Then, isoseismal lines are generated by a trend surface model from RS-intensity. They are further improved via modification of the isoseismal lines based on the empirical attenuation relationship calculated by using the RS-variable in the human-computer interaction module. The field survey shows that the proposed method gives a good generation of isoseismic lines. As a result, the accuracy of the damage and loss evaluation and the efficiency of the emergency decision making capability are improved.

Li, Ping; Tao, Xiaxin

2009-03-01

151

75 FR 39044 - Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly Known...Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, formerly known...the supply of corporate information technology (IT) services. New...

2010-07-07

152

Military Applications for Information Extraction Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The amount of information that must be processed for military purposes presents a daunting challenge to administrators, analysts, and leaders. The advent of information extraction technology that uses artificial intelligence techniques to apply meaning to...

P. S. Walczak

1995-01-01

153

[Consumer health-care information technology].  

PubMed

Consumer health-care information technology is intended to improve patients' opportunities to gather information about their own health. Ideally, this will be achieved through an improved involvement of existing data bases and an improved communication of information to patients and to care providers, if desired by patients. Additionally, further interconnection of existing and new systems and pervasive system design may be used. All consumer health-care information technology services are optional and leave patients in control of their medical data at all times. This article reflects the current status of consumer health-care information technology research and suggests further research areas that should be addressed. PMID:23695812

Sunyaev, A

2013-05-21

154

Why Management in System and Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a brief and creative review related to the management in system and information technology.\\u000a \\u000a As in the global world the value of the Information System (IS) and Information Technology (IT) is becoming more and more important due to the necessities imposed by the competition, then the knowledge of the enterprise\\u000a business and the fast flow of information

Antonio Jose Balloni

2004-01-01

155

Seizing the Moment: Harnessing the Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the scope of the Information Revolution, considers initiatives for harnessing information technology, and proposes a research agenda. Seven appendices detail specific initiatives relating to a global communication network, a Council for North American Information, the news media, a pan-European security information agency, multinational…

Bankes, Steve; And Others

1992-01-01

156

Investigating Information Technologies in Disasters: Three Essays on Micro-Blogging and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation aims to investigate how advanced information technologies cope with the various demands of disaster response. It consists of three essays on the exploration of micro-blogging and FOSS environments. The first essay looks at the usage of micro-blogging in the aftermath of the massive 2008 China earthquake and explores the…

Li, Pu

2012-01-01

157

Investigating Information Technologies in Disasters: Three Essays on Micro-Blogging and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation aims to investigate how advanced information technologies cope with the various demands of disaster response. It consists of three essays on the exploration of micro-blogging and FOSS environments. The first essay looks at the usage of micro-blogging in the aftermath of the massive 2008 China earthquake and explores the…

Li, Pu

2012-01-01

158

Kern Community College District Information Technology Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Information Technology Plan as set forth in this document provides the organizational structure, assignment of duties, infrastructure, and philosophic environment that should permit the Kern Community College District to proceed in an orderly manner in developing information technology to enhance student learning, serve the faculty, and…

Kern Community Coll. District, Bakersfield, CA.

159

Information Technology-Based Instructional Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greater learning can be promoted by delivering information through a variety of media and through the use of interactive applications. In this paper, the effect of information technology on learning is seen as a function of how well interactive technologies support a specific model of learning and how appropriate that model is to the learning…

Passerini, Katia; Granger, Mary J.

160

Application of information technologies in academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of this investigation is to define the status of the application of information technology in academic libraries located in Kerman, the center and largest city of Kerman Province, Iran, and to understand the problems and difficulties in using information technology in these libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey has covered 17 libraries belonging to Shahid Bahonar

Faranak Mohsenzadeh; Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam

2009-01-01

161

Does Information Technology Lead to Smaller Firms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many changes in the organization of work in the United States since 1975 have been attributed to the increased capabilities and use of information technology (IT) in business. However, few studies have attempted to empirically examine these relationships. The primary goal of this paper is to assess the hypothesis that investments in information technology are at least partially responsible for

Erik Brynjolfsson; Thomas W. Malone; Vijay Gurbaxani; Ajit Kambil

1994-01-01

162

Connecting Social Technologies with Information Literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social technologies such as Weblogs, wikis, and social bookmarking are emerging both as information resources and as tools for research. This paper reflects on these technologies and suggests they may be well placed to build fluency in the higher-order thinking skills outlined in various information literacy frameworks, particularly in an educational context. A high proportion of today's learners are very

Kara Jones

2007-01-01

163

Implementation Predictors of Formal Information Technology Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for improved implementation of information technology (IT) strategy has been emphasised in both empirical and prescriptive research studies. In this study, the main research question is: “what content characteristics of formal IT strategy predict the extent of plan implementation?” Ten content characteristics of formal information technology strategy were identified from the research literature as potential implementation predictors. These,

Petter Gottschalk

1999-01-01

164

Curriculum Development and New Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports of achievements in developments in new information technology in schools lament the, as yet, unfulfilled hopes that they will radically change education. Those involved in new information technology sometimes seem to imagine that the problems of change that they face are somehow unique and have not been faced by others who have set out to change the curriculum.[l

Robert McCormick

1992-01-01

165

Transaction Costs, Information Technology and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores potential channels through which information technology (IT) affects economic development. The channel emphasized here is the reduction of transaction costs through the use of information technology. We discuss the nature of transaction costs, their possible impacts on economic outcomes, and the impacts of IT on transaction costs. We provide a theoretical discussion of how a reduction in

Nirvikar Singh

2004-01-01

166

Geographic Information Science: New methods and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographical Information Science is essentially computational ge- ography and has its own research program, namely all aspects of formal models for spatial natural processes and the interaction of humans with the environment in space and time. This is not a question of technology and technology-related research; but technology influences what questions can be researched eectively. Collection of data in the

Andrew U. Frank

167

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

168

Information Technology and Educational Amnesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Waves of enthusiasm for technological innovations that promise to revitalize teaching and learning are at least a century old. Unfortunately, the record of accomplishment for the many varieties of hardware and software introduced into schools over the decades is remarkably thin. Today's promoters of technology in education tend to forget similar…

Winner, Langdon

2009-01-01

169

Geographical Information System applied to monitor and analyze earthquake induced building damages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After a disaster like an earthquake it is apparent that a process of documenting and analyzing building damage has to be carried out for launching appropriate remedial measures. The present paper is dedicated to the investigation of a quick assessment and analysis of building damages. The acquisition of data is carried out with the help of a close range photogrammetry, using digital cameras, while the data is stored, managed and analyzed using a Geographical Information System (GIS), namely the ArcView software of ESRI Company. The earthquake damage qualification and the detailed GIS data model are based on international coding schemes and a questionnaire developed at Technical University of Crete. This GIS model contains both spatial and thematic components to manage the different building damage types. The main purpose of the use of ArcView is to automate the damage analysis of a specific building. This automation of the analysis was achieved using the object-oriented programming language Avenue. In the present paper first the GIS data model as proposed here is presented in details. This model is then applied to automatically derive values describing the degree of damage for different types of building structures.

Providakis, K. P.; Contadakis, E. M.

2003-04-01

170

Building support for health information technologies.  

PubMed

Despite the increasing role of information technology in health care, its use still lags behind that occurring in other sectors. Factors contributing to this include the complex health care environment and conflicting political agendas. Building political support for information technology in health care depends on understanding the importance of stakeholders and the environment in which they operate. It is important to involve stakeholders early in the process of implementing new information technology in order to identify needs, barriers, and non-starters. Understanding the historical experience of the community and its past attempts at using information technology is also important. Quality of care issues, nursing shortages, cost control concerns, health insurance costs and coverage rates, institutional solvency, and overwhelming paperwork are current problems in the healthcare environment that can hinder willingness to invest in information technology. Ironically, information technology can also help remedy these problems. Impact on workflow, privacy of personal health information, and system reliability, interoperability, and the ease of updating the system can all have political ramifications with regard to acceptance and implementation of information technology. PMID:15455845

Rippen, Helga

2003-01-01

171

78 FR 42945 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health...have expertise in health information privacy and security....

2013-07-18

172

Enterprise Information System Integration Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the current rapidly changing business environment, companies need to be efficient and agile to survive and thrive. That is why flexible systems integration is urgent and crucial concern for any enterprise. For the meanwhile, systems integration technology is getting more complicated, and middleware types are beginning blur for decades. We sort system integration into four different types, “Delayed Federation", “Real-time Federation", “Delayed Integration", and “Real-time Integration". We also outline appropriate technology and architecture for each type.

Tanaka, Tetsuo; Yumoto, Masaki; Itsuki, Rei

173

Information Technology Management: Status of Selected DoD Policies on Information Technology Governance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Who Should Read This Report and Why. The DoD Chief Information Officer, Chief Information Officers of DoD Components, DoD information technology mission area personnel, and other personnel responsible for overseeing DoD information technology requirements...

M. L. Ugome

2005-01-01

174

Identifying different paradigms for managing information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizations are shaped based on a number of implicit and explicit assumptions. Usually, these assumptions are made by the founder of a company. Management of Information Technology (IT) is shaped in much the same way. It is based on several assumptions how to carry out information systems development, maintenance, information services, and how to plan for and control all these

Sven J. Fischer; Jan Achterberg; Tsvi G. Vinig

1993-01-01

175

The Evolution of Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) management methods are changing with time. The main methodological shifts can be observed in management authority and responsibility distribution within a company. Four characteristic stages are spontaneous responsibility delegation stage, monopoly over information stage, business within business stage, and the stage of information economy. However, some serious dilemmas regarding the future of IT management remain.

Zeljko Panian

1999-01-01

176

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children ages 3, 4, and 5 (n = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and subsequently relied on information provided by the previously accurate computer to identify novel objects and answer questions about

Judith H. Danovitch; Reem Alzahabi

2012-01-01

177

Information Technology Policies. SPEC Kit 218.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objectives of this survey were: to gather information on the development of institutional information technology policies and guidelines for responsible computing and use of electronic information; to identify the scope of such policies and guidelines; and to determine the role of the library in the development and/or use of the policies and…

Leung, Shirley; Bisom, Diane

178

Information Technology Committee explores future needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The newly formed Information Technology Committee met October 18-19, 1996, to review its charge and examine AGU's current systems, network, systems strategy, and Information Services staffing.There are currently three positions open in the Information Services group that are proving hard to fill on a permanent basis. The committee recommended that staff develop a relationship with local universities and intensively canvass

James R. Wallis

1997-01-01

179

Changing paradigms in dermatology: information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medicine and specifically, dermatology, is undergoing enormous changes in the way in which it is practiced. Much of this is a result of a fundamental change in the manner in which information is exchanged through information technology. With the advent of more advanced telecommunications, imaging capabilities and information transfer, the very ways in which we examine patients, develop diagnoses and

Sara W Dill; John J Digiovanna

2003-01-01

180

Intelligent Information Technology Based Drug Knowledge Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a drug knowledge platform based on intelligent information technology is constructed. Unlike the traditional virtual drug compound library which focus on the patents of drug only, the aim of the new platform is to design a system including information retrieval, information extraction, construction of drug compound and drug ontology, structure based virtual screening, and text classification. It

Cunhua Li; Zhaoman Zhong; Hongwei Dai

2010-01-01

181

Globalisation, Information Technology, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decrease in coordination and transaction costs on account of information technology creates more opportunities for firms to make production “footloose”; it allows firms to base different parts of their business in different countries and connect them by real time information networks. The rapid growth in information services is thus facilitating the integrated international production of goods and services. This

Seema Farhat

1996-01-01

182

A WebGIS Based General Framework of Information Management and Aided Decision Making System for Earthquake Disaster Reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a methodology for establishing a general framework of the information management and aided decision making system for earthquake disaster reduction by means of a WebGIS. The system has a three-tier architecture consisting of data service, middleware, and expression service tiers. The system database is composed of the seismogeological database, the engineering environmental database, the disaster relief resource

Yao Baohua; Shi Wenzhong; Tong Xiaohua

2006-01-01

183

Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company information management technology architecture  

SciTech Connect

The Information Management Technology Architecture (TA) is being driven by the business objectives of reducing costs and improving effectiveness. The strategy is to reduce the cost of computing through standardization. The Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) TA is a set of standards and products for use at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TA will provide direction for information management resource acquisitions, development of information systems, formulation of plans, and resolution of issues involving LMITCO computing resources. Exceptions to the preferred products may be granted by the Information Management Executive Council (IMEC). Certain implementation and deployment strategies are inherent in the design and structure of LMITCO TA. These include: migration from centralized toward distributed computing; deployment of the networks, servers, and other information technology infrastructure components necessary for a more integrated information technology support environment; increased emphasis on standards to make it easier to link systems and to share information; and improved use of the company`s investment in desktop computing resources. The intent is for the LMITCO TA to be a living document constantly being reviewed to take advantage of industry directions to reduce costs while balancing technological diversity with business flexibility.

Hughes, M.J.; Lau, P.K.S.

1996-05-01

184

Statistical models of interoccurrence times of Iranian earthquakes on the basis of information criteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By analyzing the seismic catalogue of Iran, the probability distributions of interoccurrence times of earthquakes were investigated for different seismotectonic settings. Several probability distributions were applied to data from major seismotectonic provinces in different cut-off magnitudes and the distribution parameters were determined through the method of maximum likelihood. With the help of goodness-of-fit tests (AIC and BIC criteria based on information theory, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test) and the coefficient of determination, we have found that the gamma statistics and generalized normal statistics coexist in interoccurrence time statistics. Our results imply that a transition from a generalized normal regime to a gamma regime occurs if the threshold magnitude in certain seismotectonic regions (Alborz-Azarbayejan, Zagros, and Central-East Iran) is changed.

Tahernia, Nadia; Khodabin, Morteza; Mirzaei, Noorbakhsh; Eskandari-Ghadi, Morteza

2012-04-01

185

Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

Drury, Marilyn

2011-01-01

186

Tracking Earthquake Cascades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In assessing their risk to society, earthquakes are best characterized as cascades that can propagate from the natural environment into the socio-economic (built) environment. Strong earthquakes rarely occur as isolated events; they usually cluster in foreshock-mainshock-aftershock sequences, seismic swarms, and extended sequences of large earthquakes that propagate along major fault systems. These cascades are regulated by stress-mediated interactions among faults driven by tectonic loading. Within these cascades, each large event can itself cause a chain reaction in which the primary effects of faulting and ground shaking induce secondary effects, including tsunami, landslides, liquefaction, and set off destructive processes within the built environment, such as fires and radiation leakage from nuclear plants. Recent earthquakes have demonstrated how the socio-economic effects of large earthquakes can reverberate for many years. To reduce earthquake risk and improve the resiliency of communities to earthquake damage, society depends on five geotechnologies for tracking earthquake cascades: long-term probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), short-term (operational) earthquake forecasting, earthquake early warning, tsunami warning, and the rapid production of post-event information for response and recovery (see figure). In this presentation, I describe how recent advances in earthquake system science are leading to improvements in this geotechnology pipeline. In particular, I will highlight the role of earthquake simulations in predicting strong ground motions and their secondary effects before and during earthquake cascades

Jordan, T. H.

2011-12-01

187

Nuclear Technology: Making Informed Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a unit on nuclear technology which is taught in a physics class. Explains the unit design, implementation process, demonstrations used, and topics of discussion that include light and optics, naturally and artificially produced sources of radioactivity, nuclear equations, isotopes and half-lives, and power-generating nuclear reactors.…

Altshuler, Kenneth

1989-01-01

188

Technological Change in Written Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents an introductory lesson for elementary learners to construct ideas about how print began and about the media upon which it was recorded. In the lesson's introduction, students examine the present state and constant flow of print to which people are exposed, focusing primarily on the technology of the computer. Students examine…

Christensen, Lois M.

189

Technology Exchange Seminar: Mining Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information systems technology--computers, telecommunications, software, etc.--has been adapted in many productive and profitable uses in the minerals industry. A recent study for the Bureau of Mines found that opportunities exist for making even more ext...

A. Weiss

1982-01-01

190

Information and communication technologies for the poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief is based on Information and Communication Technologies for Development and Poverty Reduction: The Potential of Telecommunications, ed. Maximo Torero and Joachim von Braun (Johns Hopkins University Press and IFPRI, 2006) \\

Maximo Torero; Joachim von Braun

2005-01-01

191

Information Technology Laboratory Technical Accomplishments, 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past year, we initiated several new forward-looking major projects in accordance with the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) project selection criteria, including the following research initiatives: Pervasive Computing (Digital Economy). I...

1998-01-01

192

Transforming Health Care through Information Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information technology provides many exciting applications for the health sector, such as computer-aided surgery, the use of telesensing methods to examine patients from their homes, and patient/doctor interaction via the Internet and digital medical libr...

2001-01-01

193

Earthquake Quiz!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains questions about earthquakes from students just like you! Mr. John Lahr from U.S. Geological Survey answered the questions and the information has been put up for you to read! If you hit the "back" button on this page, you can also play a word-search, a crossword puzzle, and try your hand at scrambled definitions.

Lahr, John

2002-01-01

194

Information Technology for the Food Manufacturing Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct and indirect use of information technology (IT) as an intermediate input in the U.S. food system is empirically examined to provide insight into how Information Technology has affected the production processes of the U.S. Food Manufacturing Industry (FMI) over time. The benchmark U.S. Input-Output tables for 1972, 1982, 1992, and 1997 are used to assess how changes in

Chinkook Lee

2005-01-01

195

77 FR 48169 - The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information on the Proposed Expansion: Part 1...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Investigation No. 332-536] The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...Expansion: Part 1; The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...investigation No. 332-532, The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and...

2012-08-13

196

Information technology in rural emergency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural communities face a multitude of hazardous conditions—from blizzards, floods, droughts, and insect infestations caused by nature to hazardous material spills, transportation accidents, and dam failures that result from human activities. Information technology offers to rural emergency managers potentially important tools with which to better plan, alert, and respond to disasters.Three case studies are presented about uses of different technologies.

James W. Morentz

1983-01-01

197

SCHOOL LEADERSHIP AND INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration. Hence, educational leaders must understand, promote and implement the notion that technology integration

Mojgan AFSHARI; Kamariah Abu BAKAR; Wong Su LUAN; Bahaman Abu SAMAH; Foo Say FOOI

2008-01-01

198

Information technology in a global economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The surge of new technologies, especially sophisticated information and communications technologies, has rendered possible what has been termed as “globalization” of the economy, or even “technoglobalism”. This phenomenon is evident in the financial markets, and is becoming more apparent in the goods and services market. There is increasing cooperation between and interlinkages among firms so that R&D, servicing and production

Patricia A. Glenn

1993-01-01

199

Application of information technology in quality education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality education is a universal goal. This decade was marked by rapid advances and changes in many aspects of human activity, often taken together as the sign of a shift into knowledge era. Such advances and changes have stimulated many discussions about the role of information technology (IT) in teaching and learning. Given the deep technological, economic and policy changes

Seng Dewen

2010-01-01

200

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Summer 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents:\\u000aHelpDesk, T3 Upgrade,Max Ivey, Printing 1 Hardware\\/Software, Computer Skills Update 2 SUNY Learning Network 3 Technology Events 4 MS Office 5 Ziff-Davis Training 6 SUNYLA; Library Databases 7 Employee Internet Guidelines 8 Faculty\\/Staff Technology Initiative 8 Dailey Hall Workshop Schedule 9 ACS General Information 10

Mary Jo Orzech

2000-01-01

201

Information Technology and the Structuring of Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work in social theory departs from prior traditions in proposing that social phenomena can be understood as comprising both subjective and ob- jective elements. We apply this premise of duality to understanding the rela- tionship between information technology and organizations. We construct a theoretical framework in which the development and deployment of infor- mation technology in organizations is a

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Daniel Robey

1991-01-01

202

Technology, Education, and the Information Highway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advancing technology will fundamentally change our world. Education will be key to ensuring that these changes are positive. As information highways are intrinsic to both, this paper provides some insight into how they might evolve. I. TECHNOLOGY WILL MAKE A DIFFERENCE 1 ver the next fifty years, the world's population should stabilize around fifteen billion. Either the forty million new

Craig Dobson

203

Information technology and productivity: Myths and realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the absence of empirical research, media and government publicity have created false expectations and unnecessary anxieties about the effects of new technology. It is comparatively easy to show how information technology can produce productivity gains and job losses in specific areas. But it is not realistic to extrapolate 'local' effects to an organization as a whole, or to the

David Boddy; David A Buchanan

1984-01-01

204

Information Technology and Vermont Education Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a position paper of the Vermont State Technology Council regarding the development of information technology skills and knowledge. Essential skills are identified and linked to the Vermont Education Goals, including skills in word processing, databases, spreadsheets, telecommunications, visual-audio-output, computer simulations, desktop…

Judson, Anne

1995-01-01

205

Libraries, Self-Censorship, and Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the theme of self-censorship in libraries in relation to new technologies. Highlights include the results of investing in high-cost electronic resources at the expense of traditional, lower-status formats; the effect of information technologies on literacy and historical records; and market censorship, including centralization and…

Buschman, John

1994-01-01

206

Information Technology and the Third Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the so-called third industrial revolution, or the information revolution. Topics addressed include the progression of the revolution in the U.S. economy, in Europe, and in Third World countries; the empowering technologies, including digital switches, optical fiber, semiconductors, CD-ROM, networks, and combining technologies; and…

Fitzsimmons, Joe

1994-01-01

207

Information Technology: Management Effectiveness and Guest Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the prospects for improvements in management effectiveness given the rapidly changing developments in new information technolo gies. One of the principal problems facing managers in the future will be how to ensure service quality with fewer managers. The view offered here is that information technology, despite large reductions in the number of managers, can lead to the

Joseph F. Durocher; Neil B. Niman

1993-01-01

208

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

209

Health Information Technology and Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this…

Liu, Darren

2009-01-01

210

Applications of Optical Technology: Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses applications of optical technology, especially CD-ROMs, to information management needs. Information retrieval problems are discussed; design questions that concern the format of the data, indexing methods, and retrieval capabilities are presented; the need for updates is considered; access requirements are discussed; and the importance…

O'Connor, Mary Ann

1991-01-01

211

Empowering children and families with information technology.  

PubMed

Patient empowerment is the enhanced ability of patients to actively understand and influence their health status. Information is the key to patient empowerment. Without information, children and families cannot engage in meaningful discussions or make thoughtful decisions regarding medical care. Information sharing is a model for patient interaction with the health care system that may significantly improve the care of children and families. This article focuses on information technologies that utilize user-centered design principles and interactive capabilities to facilitate information sharing and to empower children and families. Examples include electronic pediatric personal medical records, customized health information systems, and interactive physician offices with electronic mail (e-mail) and telemedicine capabilities. Ideally, these systems would all be integrated. Successful implementation of new technologies will require thoughtful attention and balanced solutions to tensions between information sharing vs security, and curatorship vs censorship. Issues related to access and the digital divide must also be addressed. Acceptance and usability of new technologies is predicated on close collaboration among physicians, researchers in informatics, librarians, educators, and other professionals with expertise in the human-computer interface. Child and family empowerment will be both the driving force and ultimate outcome of information-sharing technologies. PMID:11576008

D'Alessandro, D M; Dosa, N P

2001-10-01

212

Implementing Information Technology Projects in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews the problems of implementing information technology projects in developing countries, with examples from Ethiopia, the Sudan and Tanzania. Considers the advantages and disadvantages of CD-ROM as a means of solving some of the problems of access to information experienced by developing countries, and describes the experience of the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Saudi Arabia in

Athanase B. Kanamugire

1993-01-01

213

A psychological approach to information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses from a psychological standpoint how human and more generally psychological dimensions were taken in consideration by the recent literature related to information technology security. We discuss three main psychologically relevant dimensions such as cognitive hacking, hackers profiling and human errors and distinguish four distinct levels of psychological approaches to information security.

Ivan Enrici; Mario Ancilli; Antonio Lioy

2010-01-01

214

Information Technology Vision: 2000, 2002. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document represents a major component of Nevada's Truckee Meadows Community College (TMCC) strategic planning activities and elaborates on the technology functions found in the college strategic plan. Information resources at TMCC are grouped into five areas: (1) administrative computing, the area of information processing that supports the…

Truckee Meadows Community Coll., Sparks, NV.

215

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2012-10-01

216

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2011-10-01

217

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2009-07-01

218

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2010-10-01

219

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology. 1352.239-71 Section...239-71 Electronic and information technology. As prescribed in 48...provision: Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a)...

2011-10-01

220

29 CFR 1615.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Electronic and information technology requirements. 1615.135 Section...ACCESSIBILITY OF COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 1615.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a)...

2010-07-01

221

48 CFR 39.104 - Information technology services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Information technology services. 39.104 Section 39...CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.104 Information technology services. When acquiring...

2009-10-01

222

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

223

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant...award under the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant...responsibilities for the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development...

2013-03-21

224

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

225

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Information and Communications Technologies, an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center, aims to "contribute to scientific and technological innovation in telecommunications education" as well as to "provide appropriately skilled technicians and technologists" to information and communication technologies (ICT) businesses, industry, and users. In the "Publications" section of this site, visitors will find links to ICT textbooks and a helpful glossary of telecommunications terms. In the "Resources" section, there are a number of ICT workforce development presentations and Flash simulations on topics such as shift keying and Ethernet switching. Also in this section, there is a web tutorial on designing accessible web pages. This site has a great deal of information to assist students and technologists in telecommunications fields, as well as ready-to-use instructional materials for educators.

2007-08-20

226

Earthquake Prediction and Forecasting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Prospects for earthquake prediction and forecasting, and even their definitions, are actively debated. Here, "forecasting" means estimating the future earthquake rate as a function of location, time, and magnitude. Forecasting becomes "prediction" when we identify special conditions that make the immediate probability much higher than usual and high enough to justify exceptional action. Proposed precursors run from aeronomy to zoology, but no identified phenomenon consistently precedes earthquakes. The reported prediction of the 1975 Haicheng, China earthquake is often proclaimed as the most successful, but the success is questionable. An earthquake predicted to occur near Parkfield, California in 1988±5 years has not happened. Why is prediction so hard? Earthquakes start in a tiny volume deep within an opaque medium; we do not know their boundary conditions, initial conditions, or material properties well; and earthquake precursors, if any, hide amongst unrelated anomalies. Earthquakes cluster in space and time, and following a quake earthquake probability spikes. Aftershocks illustrate this clustering, and later earthquakes may even surpass earlier ones in size. However, the main shock in a cluster usually comes first and causes the most damage. Specific models help reveal the physics and allow intelligent disaster response. Modeling stresses from past earthquakes may improve forecasts, but this approach has not yet been validated prospectively. Reliable prediction of individual quakes is not realistic in the foreseeable future, but probabilistic forecasting provides valuable information for reducing risk. Recent studies are also leading to exciting discoveries about earthquakes.

Jackson, David D.

227

Toward earthquake early warning in northern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake early warning systems are an approach to earthquake hazard mitigation which takes advantage of the rapid availability of earthquake information to quantify the hazard associated with an earthquake and issue a prediction of impending ground motion prior to its arrival in populated or otherwise sensitive areas. One such method, Earthquake Alarm Systems (ElarmS) has been under development in southern

Gilead Wurman; Richard M. Allen; Peter Lombard

2007-01-01

228

Advanced Information Technology Application in ERP Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current Enterprise Resource Planning Systems (ERP) are used to track companies’ finances, human resources, and logistics. Upcoming market-driven requirements focus on outside connectivity and up-to-date information supply, including business-to-business support, e-commerce, and virtual enterprises. How can these requirements be met by applying emerging information technologies? This paper focuses on future development of ERP systems emphasizing on technical aspects of information

Peter Loos

2000-01-01

229

Earthquake information products and tools from the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Fact Sheet provides a brief description of postearthquake tools and products provided by the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) through the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program. The focus is on products specifically aimed at providing situational awareness in the period immediately following significant earthquake events.

Wald, Lisa

2006-01-01

230

Information technology and scientific and technical information in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

When China began to carry out its policy of reform and opening up to the outside world, the rapid development of the national economy and science and technology called for the development of scientific and technical information activities. One of the most significant trends in the development of modern scientific and technical information activities in the world is the application

Zi-guang Bai

1992-01-01

231

77 FR 27774 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Vacancy AGENCY: Government Accountability...Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy...

2012-05-11

232

78 FR 7784 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Nomination Letters AGENCY: Government...Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee (Health IT Policy...

2013-02-04

233

Information and technology transfer in Brazil: evolution and perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the evolution of the scientific and technological information infrastructure in Brazil, considering information as an input in the organization’s chain of values. Discusses the problem of information services for science and technology, as well as the offer and use of technological information in Brazil. Analyses the perspectives for information management in the technological transference process.

Maria Matilde Kronka Dias; Waldomiro Vergueiro

1998-01-01

234

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2010-10-01

235

75 FR 76986 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; Request for Information Regarding the...Realizing the Full Potential of Health Information Technology To Improve Healthcare for...

2010-12-10

236

Strategic Information Technology Management: Managing Organizational, Political, and Technological Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the role of Information Technology (IT) in the management of municipally-owned and operated public utilities. Through semi-structured interviews of senior management in the largest municipal electric and water systems, the paper examines the confluence of contextual factors fostering changes in an IT management strategy, which tend to be aimed at increasing efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery

Keith Schildt; Suzanne Beaumaster; Marcie Edwards

2005-01-01

237

Research Opportunities in Information Science and Technology: Cognitive Aspects of Information Science, Information Technology, and Economics of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains the reports of three working groups which were convened separately over a 3-year period at the request of the Advisory Committee for the Division of Information Science and Technology of the National Science Foundation to obtain the opinion of experts concerning research opportunities and trends in information science and…

National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. Div. of Information Science and Technology.

238

Research Opportunities in Information Science and Technology: Cognitive Aspects of Information Science, Information Technology, and Economics of Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the reports of three working groups which were convened separately over a 3-year period at the request of the Advisory Committee for the Division of Information Science and Technology of the National Science Foundation to obtain the opinion of experts concerning research opportunities and trends in information science and…

National Science Foundation. Washington, DC. Div. of Information Science and Technology.

239

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Spring 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTENTS Faculty\\/Staff Initiative, LibQual 2007 1 Identity Management 2 New Horizons, Technology Events 3 In the News, Help Desk Statistics 4 Sonic Archaeology 5-6 ELMS, iPod Grant, ANGEL, MetroCenter, Drake Library 7 Library Instruction Program 8 New Library Help Desk, File City, Technology Procurement System, Email9 ANGEL Workshops 10 Dreamweaver, ITS Workshop 11 ITS Contact Information 12

Mary Jo Orzech

2007-01-01

240

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2005\\u000aMary Jo Orzech, Editor\\u000aContents:\\u000aMultimedia Upgrades 1 McAfee Virus Protection CDs Available 1 Davenport Hatch Grants 1 Edwards Instruction Sounds Better 2 Instructional Technology Equipment 2 Fall Lab Upgrades 2 New hours for early risers 2 Dailey Classroom Schedule Online 3 New laptops in CELT 3 A-Team Training in August 3 ResNet Connects!

Mary Jo Orzech

2005-01-01

241

Information Technology and the Future of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will improvements in information technology eliminate face-to-face interactions and make cities obsolete? In this paper, we present a model where people make contacts and choose a mode of interaction: meeting face-to-face or communicating electronically. Cities are a means of reducing the fixed travel costs involved in face-to-face interactions. When telecommunications technology improves, there will be two opposing effects on cities

Jess Gaspar; Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

242

Investigating Seismic Precursory Signatures in Earthquake-related Self-potential Signals by using Fisher Information Measure Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The time fluctuations of self-potential data, recorded at the monitoring station Acapulco (Mexico) during 1994-1996 in the seismic area of Guerrero-Oaxaca, are analyzed by means of the Fisher Information Measure (FIM), a nonlinear powerful method to investigate complex dynamics in time series. The time evolution of the FIM shows a clear correlation with the largest earthquakes occurred in the monitored

L. Telesca; M. Lovallo; A. Ramirez-Rojas; F. Angulo-Brown

2008-01-01

243

Analysis of self-potential earthquake-related signals recorded in Mexico by using the Fisher Information Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The time fluctuations of self-potential data, recorded at the monitoring station Acapulco (Mexico) during 1994-1996 in the seismic area of Guerrero-Oaxaca, are analyzed by means of the Fisher Information Measure (FIM), a nonlinear powerful method to investigate complex dynamics in time series. The time evolution of the FIM shows a clear correlation with the largest earthquakes occurred in the monitored

L. Telesca; M. Lovallo; A. Ramirez-Rojas; F. Angulo-Brown

2009-01-01

244

Improving patient safety through information technology.  

PubMed

Health information technology (HIT) is generally accepted as the solution for the nation's medical error crisis. Although limited studies suggest the importance of using HIT in the process of medication management, research has failed to adequately describe how HIT actually works in capturing medication error data and improving patient safety within a healthcare system.1-3 The aim of our study is to identify essential elements in the adoption of technology within the broader context of system change and workflow modification. Using the adoption of an electronic reporting system to improve patient safety, we examine the role of this technology within process improvement, culture, and workflow. PMID:18066373

Brown, C Andrew; Bailey, Jessica H; Miller Davis, Margaret E; Garrett, Paula; Rudman, William J

2005-09-27

245

Information technology and global change science  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this paper is to identify and briefly describe major existing and near term information technologies that cold have a positive impact on the topics being discussed at this conference by helping to manage the data of global change science and helping global change scientists conduct their research. Desktop computer systems have changed dramatically during the past seven years. Faster data processing can be expected in the future through full development of traditional serial computer architectures. Some other proven information technologies may be currently underutilized by global change scientists. Relational database management systems and good organization of data through the use of thoughtful database design would enable the scientific community to better share and maintain quality research data. Custodians of the data should use rigorous data administration to ensure integrity and long term value of the data resource. Still other emerging information technologies that involve the use of artificial intelligence, parallel computer architectures, and new sensors for data collection will be in relatively common use in the near term and should become part of the global science community's technical toolkit. Consideration should also be given to the establishment of Information Analysis Centers to facilitate effective organization and management of interdisciplinary data and the prototype testing and use of advanced information technology to facilitate rapid and cost-effective integration of these tools into global change science. 8 refs.

Baxter, F.P.

1990-01-01

246

Earthquake Education Environment (E3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Education Environment (E3) supports high-quality K-12 and undergraduate education by providing up-to-date earthquake information, authoritative technical sources, and educational resources for the classroom.

2007-07-16

247

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLIED TO ENGINEERING GEOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This keynote paper describes the application of Information Technology to various aspects of Engineering Geology, from data requirements, data handling and processing to numerical and GIS modelling and visualization. It is illustrated with a number of practical examples developed in The Netherlands. RESUME: Cet article décrit l'application de technologie de l'information à des aspects d'ingénierie géologique, depuis la demande des

Niek Rengers; Robert Hack; Marco Huisman; Siefko Slob; Wolter Zigterman

2002-01-01

248

Making the IT (information technology) jigsaw fit.  

PubMed

Providers will need good information systems to survive in the internal market. In the first of the Journal's regular special features on computing (to appear in the last week of every month) we examine the strategic issues facing hospital managers investing in information technology, and look at two very different approaches to harnessing IT--one of which is a sophisticated hospital management package, the other a rough and ready early warning system. PMID:10109495

Palmer, G; Cruickshank, J; Beale, P

1991-01-31

249

Viewpoint: Using Information Technology to Enhance Engineering Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews three learning models and information technologies that can be used to support the effective application of these learning models in engineering higher education. The effectiveness of an information technology is analysed through the appropriateness of the technology in supporting a particular learning model. The mapping of information technologies to learning models identifies technologies in which engineering schools

HENG LI

1997-01-01

250

Curricular and marketing responses to offshoring of information technology services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of offshore outsourcing of information technology services demands both curricular and marketing responses from providers of information technology education. The high level of skill possessed by offshore providers of information technology services at lower cost than domestic (American) providers compels a serious re-examination of the outcomes of contemporary information technology education. Expected (and already apparent) decline in enrollment

Thomas I. M. Ho

2004-01-01

251

48 CFR 1352.239-71 - Electronic and information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Electronic and Information Technology (APR 2010) (a) To be...propose electronic and information technology (EIT) that meet the applicable...software or the attachment of an assistive technology device, but merely...

2010-10-01

252

FUTURE TRENDS AND SCENARIOS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are enjoying the benefits of a period of unprecedented advancement of information technology stimulating similar advancements in many other fields. As for all phenomena of exponential growth the question is not whether, but only when and why this would come to an end, more specifically: would it be physics or economics that raises the barrier to further scaling? As

Christian Loesch

253

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their

Ben-Tzion Karsh; Matthew B. Weinger; Patricia A. Abbott; Robert L. Wears

2010-01-01

254

Salary Trends of Information Technology Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid job growth in the information technology (IT) field has created a supply and demand imbalance for highly skilled professionals. This shortage of IT workers exists in virtually every major business sector. Sectors that are most affected by this problem include the financial, retail, manufacturing, service, entertainment, and transportation industries. To cope with this problem, companies and organizations are offering

Kai S. Koong; Lai C. Liu

255

HRM practices in information technology management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the specific problem of the critical levels of staff turnover in the information technology (IT) area in Hong Kong. The aim is to give advice to improve the management of IT personnel. IT management practices are compared with theories from human resource management. As the theories are mostly developed in a Western context, a grounded approach has

Ernest Jordan; Alma M. Whiteley

1994-01-01

256

What went wrong? Unsuccessful information technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) project management is a crucial issue for organizations today. A 1995 study in the USA found that 31 per cent of software projects will be canceled before completion, and more than half the projects will cost an average of 189 per cent of the original estimates. This article examines the results of a survey questionnaire that was

Brenda Whittaker

1999-01-01

257

Information technology in frontline service work organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the literature abounds with studies about information technology (IT) and its effects on manufacturing work organization, frontline service work is relatively under-researched. This article addresses this gap by examining a fast-growing frontline service work setting, namely, call centres. The article draws postulates from ethnographic fieldwork and general theories about the relationship between the use of IT, work organization and

May Tam Yeuk-Mui

2001-01-01

258

New Information Technologies in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to examine possible applications of new information technologies (NIT) in special education within different educational, socio?economic and socio?cultural contexts and, in particular, the possibilities of transference of these applications from the industrialised nations to the developing countries. The study also contains references to positive and negative results of the use of NIT in the

Jørgen Hansen

1988-01-01

259

Innovative Use of Information Technology by Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Council on Library and Information Resources' (CLIR's) College Libraries Committee began its study of the innovative uses of technology on college campuses in the spring of 1998. A letter was sent to heads of libraries of colleges and mid-sized universities in the United States encouraging librarians who felt their institutions had used…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

260

Management of risks in information technology projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) projects are renowned for their high failure rate. Risk management is an essential process for the successful delivery of IT projects. In-depth interviews with IT professionals from leading firms in Western Australia were undertaken to determine how IT risks were managed in their projects. The respondents ranked 27 IT risks in terms of likelihood and consequences to

David Baccarini; Geoff Salm; Peter E. D. Love

2004-01-01

261

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIPS BETWEEN INDUSTRY AND ACADEMIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the problems facing Information Systems edncators in keeping CDITent and producing graduates with skills that are valuable to employers. These problems are often magnified by rapid changes in technology. This paper proposes use of partnerships and learning alliances between industry and education as one approach to solving these problems. Several types ofpartnerships, including examples, are presented. These

Doris Duncan

262

Culture and Cognition in Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims at explaining the outcomes of information technology education for international students using anthropological theories of cultural schemas. Even though computer science and engineering are usually assumed to be culture-independent, the practice in classrooms seems to indicate that learning patterns depend on culture. The…

Holvikivi, Jaana

2007-01-01

263

New health systems using network information technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new health system is coming based on network information technologies. It consists of health measurement across the full spectrum of health determinants, using mobile devices such as smartphones. This measurement generates personal health records for each individual within a population, which can then be analyzed to identify cohorts, using statistical clustering on supercomputers. These cohorts determine \\

Bruce R. Schatz

2011-01-01

264

Revolution's end: Information technology and crisis management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the general enthusiasm for applying information technology to military affairs, insufficient work has been done on the question of how new systems will facilitate the management of international crises. Crises often set the initial conditions under which military competition must take place. The prevailing wisdom treats them as a less intense form of military conflict, so the same gains

Damon Coletta

2003-01-01

265

Reflections on Information Technology in Biomedicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Healthcare services are changing. One of the change drivers is the inclusion of individuals (patients) into health service delivery with the objective of proactively addressing health problems as early as possible. Another change driver is information technology, which enables new improved health services and also new ways of organizing and delivering these. The established relations between stakeholders are the major

N. Saranummi

2007-01-01

266

Training and information technology issue, 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the May-June issue is on training and information technology. Major articles\\/reports in this issue include: Communicating effectively, by Alain Bucaille, AREVA; Reputation management, by Susan Brisset, Bruce Power; Contol room and HSI modernization guidance, by Joseph Naser, EPRI; How far are we from public acceptance, by Jennifer A. Biedscheid and Murthy Devarakonda, Washington TRU Solutions LLC; Spent

Agnihotri; Newal

2005-01-01

267

[Information technology in medicine - some legal observations].  

PubMed

Information Technology (IT) and computing capabilities are revolutionizing the practice of medicine in an unprecedented way. Some current legal and ethical concerns evolving from this revolution are addressed, pointing to the emerging concepts in Israeli jurisprudence, which regards medical IT as an important contribution to patient empowerment, to medical risk management and in managing the resources of a national health system. PMID:23885452

Siegal, Gil

2013-05-01

268

RESEARCH TECHNIQUES IN CONSTRUCTION INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important strategic issue in the use of IT by construction organisations is its use as an enabling technology for re-engineering the construction process. An examination of research reveals a tendency in IT research to adopt a mechanical systems view of an organisation's activities: the organisation is treated as a complex of 'black box' processes or sub-systems linked by information

Darryll Crook; John Rooke; David Seymour

1996-01-01

269

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY REQUIREMENTS IN AN OUTSOURCING PARTNERSHIP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outsourcing is widely used in today's competitive business environment. However, need for information technology arrangements between the companies is often forgotten or the amount of work underestimated. This paper describes experiences from a case study where two companies started working in an R&D outsourcing partnership relationship, and reports problems encountered and possible solutions to them.

Marianne Kinnula; Veikko Seppänen

2003-01-01

270

Staff Scheduling Optimization in Information Technology Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an organization that develops Information Technology projects, often exists staff scheduling demands. In most of these organizations the resources are simultaneously shared between many projects. The organization has the responsibility of doing this optimized staff scheduling attending the projects demands. But, this is not a simple task to do and it turns more complex as the number of projects

Amaury Brasil Filho; Ana Sofia Marçal; Gabriela Costa; Placido Pinheirol

2007-01-01

271

A study of hotel information technology applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Information technology (IT) applications in the hotel industry have largely been devoted to the handling of the routine operational problems that crop up while running a hotel. Previously, the hotel industry has been criticised as reluctant to make full use of IT. This paper reports and analyses the findings of a recent survey on IT applications in Hong

Rob Law; Giri Jogaratnam

2005-01-01

272

Information Technology Laboratory Technical Accomplishments, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers the first full year of operaton of the ITL, which was established by NIST in 1966. ITL works with industry to develop key elements of the technical infrastructure for information technology. These elements are needed by industry and use...

1998-01-01

273

Myths and Symbols of Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concepts and symbols of the language of information techology are examined, including the concept of a technological revolution, a literacy crisis, the presumption of a moral and ethical dilemma, orientation toward the future, the promise of productivity, the image of an elite using an unintelligible language, and the symbol of the infallible…

Talbert, Roy, Jr.

1984-01-01

274

Managing Black Swan Information Technology Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radically innovative information technology projects are considered one of the most challenging and difficult types of software projects to oversee and manage. The unique nature of such projects relegates them into a unique class of projects that we characterize as “Black Swans.” Highly innovative\\/radical IT projects reflect a “black swan” situation, where knowledge from previous projects do not provide significant

Wilfred W. Wu; Gregory M. Rose; Kalle Lyytinen

2011-01-01

275

Meeting Seniors' Information Needs: Using Computer Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the design and development of a program to integrate computer technology into two Nurse Wellness Centers located in low-income minority high-rise facilities. The goal of the program is to teach residents how to use the computers and the Internet to locate health information and to take a more active role in their own health care. Previous research

Robert James Campbell

2008-01-01

276

The Coming Ubiquity of Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from a 1995 survey on campus computing indicate a major gain in the proportion of colleges and universities using information technology as an instructional resource. Four educators respond to this news and examine possible trends and issues to be addressed. (MSE)|

Green, Kenneth C.

1996-01-01

277

Information Technology in Libraries. A Pakistani Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents an overview of the present status of the use of library automation hardware and software in Pakistan. The following 20 articles are included: (1) "The Status of Library Automation in Pakistan"; (2) "Promoting Information Technology in Pakistan: the Netherlands Library Development Project"; (3) "Library Software in Pakistan";…

Mahmood, Khalid

278

Fuzzy information technology and knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuzzy information technology (fuzzy IT) is a useful extension of traditional IT in that it can manipulate qualitative or non-crisp data. This may be important for firms concerned with identifying, measuring, and managing the knowledge. Both traditional and fuzzy IT researchers need to relate their methods to the concepts and models used in knowledge (intellectual capital) management so that they

Nancy Green Hall

2000-01-01

279

Information Technology and Russia's Social Modernization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technologies play a very important role in modernizing Russia's economy and society as whole. Its competitive advantage lies in the availability of highly educated labour resources. Russia accounts for approximately 9% of researchers in the world as opposed to a share of about 0.3% in the world innovation market. Our approach is based on identifying ways to set up

Svetlana Petukhova; Margarita Strepetova

2010-01-01

280

Information Systems Technology: On Entering Stage III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes three stages of the automation of information processing systems by combining the concept of the exponential growth of operational capabilities with three characteristics: computational capability, ability to store data, and ability to communicate data. The growth of fiberoptic technology is described as beginning the third stage. (EM)|

Koenig, Michael E. D.

1987-01-01

281

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: SUBCONTRACTING OF DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology, globalization, competition is changing managerial strategies all over the World. E-commerce, E- business, virtual enterprises, Electronic Data Interchange - EDI, Internet and intranet, business on line, are a couple of expressions which are putting too much pressure on the shoulders of enterprises located in the Third World. In underdeveloped regions, anxiety for modernization can lead a large number

Francisco Correia de Oliveira; Carlos Augusto; Parente Neiva

282

Transaction costs, information technology and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of transaction costs on economic welfare and development, and the role of information technology (IT) in reducing transaction costs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper extends the static model of Romer, in which transaction costs reduce welfare by reducing the equilibrium number of intermediate goods, and estimate the welfare losses

Nirvikar Singh

2008-01-01

283

Information Technology Standards Program management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a logical and realistic plan to implement the Information Technology (IT) Standards Program throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). It was developed by DOE Chief Information Officer (CIO) staff, with participation from many other individuals throughout the DOE complex. The DOE IT Standards Program coordinates IT standards activities Department-wide, including implementation of standards to support the DOE Information Architecture. The Program is voluntary, participatory, and consensus-based. The intent is to enable accomplishment of the DOE mission, and the Program is applicable to all DOE elements, both Federal and contractor. The purpose of this document is to describe the key elements of the DOE IT Standards Program.

NONE

1998-05-01

284

Understanding Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource features links to: an earthquake quiz; a rotating globe showing earthquake locations; famous earthquake accounts by Mark Twain, Jack London, Charles Darwin, and John Muir; a Java animation of the gradual buildup of stress that leads to earthquakes; a three-page history of seismology to 1910; and other educational and earthquake websites.

285

Constructing the information society: women, information technology, and design  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the first time in history, women have the opportunity to play a major and visible role in a social transformation of potentially monumental proportions. The extensive reach and penetration of information technology into virtually every area of society creates enormous opportunities for women. But women's lack of representation in IT design roles may prevent them from capitalizing on these

Jane E. Fountain

2000-01-01

286

Information technologies and the information superhighway: Guest editor's introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special section is dedicated to five papers which were presented in the Fall of 1995 on the Internet in two research forums: ITFORUM1 and PSYGAME2. These papers represent how research involving information and instructional technologies can be facilitated using the Internet. A number of related themes are involved, including interactivity and learning effectiveness, automatic collection of data on human-computer

J. Michael Spector

1997-01-01

287

Recent Earthquakes in the Intermountain West  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides up-to-date information on recent earthquakes in the Intermountain West, including the greater Yellowstone area. Earthquakes for the past 7 days are shown. Symbols on the map indicate earthquake location, time, and magnitude. Users may select from a clickable map or choose from a linked list to obtain more in-depth information about an earthquake.

Stations, University O.

288

76 FR 66327 - Iron Mountain Information Management, Inc., Corporate Service Group, Information Technology (IT...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division, Including On-Site Leased...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division, including on-site leased...Service Group, Information Technology (IT) Division. The Department has...

2011-10-26

289

77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee: Request for Comment...Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT) Policy Committee, Office of...

2012-11-26

290

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2009-10-01

291

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2010-10-01

292

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O) contracts...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2011-10-01

293

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Office of Information Technology. 200.26a...CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization and Program Management General Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The...

2013-04-01

294

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and operating (M&O) contracts...Designated Senior Official for Information Management may authorize an M&O contractor to acquire information technology for use by the...

2012-10-01

295

Earthquake Education and Public Information Centers: A Collaboration Between the Earthquake Country Alliance and Free-Choice Learning Institutions in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999 the Southern California Earthquake Center initiated an effort to expand its reach to multiple target audiences through the development of an interpretive trail on the San Andreas fault at Wallace Creek and an earthquake exhibit at Fingerprints Youth Museum in Hemet. These projects and involvement with the San Bernardino County Museum in Redlands beginning in 2007 led to

R. M. Degroot; K. Springer; C. J. Brooks; L. Schuman; D. Dalton; M. L. Benthien

2009-01-01

296

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education.  

PubMed

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, "learning at bedside," aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education - their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education. PMID:23408471

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-09-01

297

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, “learning at bedside,” aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education – their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education.

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-01-01

298

Environmental effects of information and communications technologies.  

PubMed

The digital revolution affects the environment on several levels. Most directly, information and communications technology (ICT) has environmental impacts through the manufacturing, operation and disposal of devices and network equipment, but it also provides ways to mitigate energy use, for example through smart buildings and teleworking. At a broader system level, ICTs influence economic growth and bring about technological and societal change. Managing the direct impacts of ICTs is more complex than just producing efficient devices, owing to the energetically expensive manufacturing process, and the increasing proliferation of devices needs to be taken into account. PMID:22094696

Williams, Eric

2011-11-16

299

Earthquake Engineering Abstracts (EERC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California Berkeley's well known Earthquake Engineering Research Center has recently added a searchable-only version of Earthquake Engineering Abstracts, a database that currently contains over 55,000 citations. Users can search by author, title, subject and year. The search engine supports Boolean operators, as well as stem and phrase searching. For authors, phonetic searching is also available. EEA joins EqIIS (Earthquake Image Information System), the giant searchable image base of the Karl V. Steinbrugge Collection of "slides and photographs of historical earthquake damage," as major resources of the EERC.

300

Earthquakes and Plate Tectonics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity, from the Real World Learning Objects Resource Library, allows students to use first-hand data analysis to "determine if there is any pattern to earthquake events and speculate on the causes of earthquakes." Intended to be an introductory activity for a unit of study on earthquakes, this 60-minute activity is complete with learning goals, step-by-step classroom procedures, materials, assessment activities, and resources for further information. The "Content Materials" section contains directions for students and graphics to help students understand earthquakes and plate tectonics. This is an excellent resource for geology and earth science instructors that is ready to use for the classroom.

2007-10-04

301

[Information technology use in preventing infection].  

PubMed

Infection prevention requires handling enormous amounts of medical information collection, analysis, and delivery--a cumbersome, inefficient process. Hospital information system (HIS) data not intended for preventing infection cannot be used directly for such prevention. The rapid introduction of information technology in infection prevention can potentially solve these problems. The IT-based infection prevention system (ITIPS) structure depends on the purpose specified, however, and using this information in hospitals requires that the detailed HIS structure be clarified, especially the connection between HIS and ITIPS. The future ITIPS role is envisioned in early infection detection and warning. This, in turn, requires that ITIPS field operational support systems for medical staff mature further. PMID:22250451

Ohmagari, Norio

2011-11-01

302

Impact Of Information Technology On The Accuracy Of Analyst Forecasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the effect of information technology on analyst's forecast accuracy. Our analysis suggests that analyst forecast accuracy has increased with the growth in information technology. We capture the growth in information technology with seven proxy variables; the total sales of in- formation technology related firms, number of computers sold, number of websites, number of hosts, number of registered domains,

Sharad Asthana; Steven Balsam; Birendra Mishra

303

Role of Information Technology Consultancy in the Transfer of Information Technology to Production and Service Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the role of information Technology Consultancy (ITC) in the current process of innovation diffusion and technology transfer. The paper first defines ITC as an independent activity and points out its specif...

F. Moulaert F. Martinelli F. Djellal

1990-01-01

304

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use.

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

305

California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology is an advanced research and development organization whose goal is to "extend the reach of the current information infrastructure throughout the physical world to enable anytime/anywhere access." Highlights and news stories from the Institute are given on its Web site, as well as a multimedia section with live Webcasts and a video archive. The Institute has taken an original approach to "layered" research; a detailed overview is given for each research department that comprises one of the five layers of the new Internet.

306

Information-Technology Based Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physics education is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian Physics Education Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.

Kim, J. S.; Lee, K. H.

2001-04-01

307

Controlling information technology costs, Part 2.  

PubMed

Health care executives are increasingly frustrated by Information Technology (IT). Although our industry is often accused of underinvesting in technology (hospitals average 2-3 percent of their costs in IT, compared to other industry's 8-10 percent), when IT investments are made, they fail to reflect demonstrable return to the bottom line. Yet the effective deployment of technology is so critical to the success of the organization and can in itself cause the failure of a health care system. While being forced to invest significant amounts of resources in the past two years preparing for Y2K, health care organizations have come under increasing financial pressures due to other industry developments. PMID:11968991

Honan, Tom; Ciotti, Vince

308

Information and Communication Technology in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various approaches can be identified to the development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Higher Education.\\u000a These approaches are related to the situation in a particular institution with respect to the growth of ICT. These approaches\\u000a are: Emerging, applying, integrating and transforming. A Higher Education institution may induce progress in various areas where the ICT-approach will have an impact.

Yvonne Buettner; Charles Duchâteau; Catherine P. Fulford; Pieter Hogenbirk; Mike Kendall; Raymond Morel; Tom J. Van Weert

2003-01-01

309

Global information technology and global citizenship education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Council for Education in World Citizenship has been working with Kingston University and the UK National Commission for\\u000a UNESCO, taking advantage of global information technology developments in order to build new programmes for global citizenship\\u000a education. The paper reports on practical experience, inviting new network partners. The IST-Africa 2007 conference provided\\u000a an opportunity to build on these foundations, with

Richard Ennals; Les Stratton; Noura Moujahid; Serhiy Kovela

2009-01-01

310

Does information technology raise Japan's productivity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A standard growth accounting exercise indicates that, after Japan's “lost decade,” its overall total-factor-productivity (TFP) growth has increased notably since 2000. This productivity revival has been limited, however, to information technology (IT) production—has not been a broad-based productivity acceleration like that seen in the United States after the mid-1990s. This paper examines the relationship between IT and productivity gains by

Takuji Fueki; Takuji Kawamoto

2009-01-01

311

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2004\\u000aMary Jo Orzech, Editor\\u000aContents:\\u000aGo Wireless! 1 New Email System 1 Windows XP and MS Office 2003 Pro Have Landed! 2 Tower Fine Arts Even Finer 2 Dreamweaver Upgraded 2 Adobe Creative Suite Arrives 2 GIS Service\\/Workshop 3 ITS A-Team Back in Business! 3 ITS Welcomes New Staff Member 4 Online Learning Update

Mary Jo Orzech

2004-01-01

312

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Fall 2003\\u000aContents:\\u000aVirus Updates 1 New Student E-mail Passwords 1 ANGEL Update 1 New PC’s in the Labs 1 JSTOR Arrives in Brockport 2 Smart Classroom Update 3 New Classroom Control Systems 3 CMST Institute 3 T3 Bandwidth Upgrade 3 IT Staff Headlines 4 Where are they now? 4 ICPSR 4 SUNY Learning Network Update

Mary Jo Orzech

2003-01-01

313

Information Technology Workforce Skills: Does Size Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in information technology (IT) services and their delivery have shifted the need for non-IT firms' (i.e., firms whose primary business is something other than providing IT goods and services) IT skills and capabilities to emphasize a business focus while integrating more outsourcing options from both domestic and global third-party providers. This paper explores how organizations of different sizes value

Judith C. Simon; Kate M. Kaiser; Cynthia Beath; Timothy Goles; Kevin Gallagher

2007-01-01

314

Careers in Information and Security Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive activity produced for Teachers' Domain investigates three possible career paths in information and security technologies: administration, development, and integration. Explore each path to learn more about the education and experience required for particular jobs such as computer support specialist, network and systems administrator, computer security specialist, database administrator, computer technician, computer hardware engineer, computer software engineer, computer training specialist, computer systems analyst, and network engineer. The interactive is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions.

2012-05-23

315

Information technology education one state's experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In past few years computing educators have witnessed (a) a call for a broader discipline called Information Technology rather than Computer Science [1,2,3], (b) the development of a new model curriculum for Computer Science [4], (c) a near crises in the supply of computer people at all levels, driving up salaries and spurring blue-ribbon reports [5,6,7,8] and new Federal and

William Mitchell

2002-01-01

316

Effects of urban information and communication technology on sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the urban information and communication technology and its impacts on sustainable development. The findings are based on the views represented in literature and the relationship between information and communication technology and sustainability in urban development. Therefore, information and communication technology as the main component of the information society should be taken into consideration in sustainable development. In

M. Navabakhsh; M. Motlaq

2009-01-01

317

Specification and managed development of information technology curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Information Technology (IT) movement in higher education has been growing over several years, leading to a draft ACM CC2004 report that defines Information Technology in relation to other computing disciplines and a draft ABET\\/CAC accreditation standard that calls for documented educational objectives. As yet, there is no authoritative agreement on educational objectives for Information Technology. While proposing an Information

Kenneth L. Alford; Curtis A. Carter; Daniel J. Ragsdale; Eugene K. Ressler; Charles W. Reynolds

2004-01-01

318

The impact of information technology on internal communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the impact of information technology on internal communication at a tertiary education institution. An employee survey was distributed to determine the current impact of information technology on internal communication, and to explore the possible impact of two further information technology based communication systems. The survey found that despite a preference for face-to-face communication, respondents were better informed,

TIM O'Donovan

1998-01-01

319

Medical Education and Information and Communication Technology  

PubMed Central

Background: Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought many changes in medical education and practice in the last couple of decades. Teaching and learning medicine particularly has gone under profound changes due to computer technologies, and medical schools around the world have invested heavily either in new computer technologies or in the process of adapting to this technological revolution. In order to catch up with the rest of the world, developing countries need to research their options in adapting to new computer technologies. Materials and Methods: This descriptive survey study was designed to assess medical students’ computer and Internet skills and their attitude toward ICT. Results: Research findings showed that the mean score of self-perceived computer knowledge for male students in general was greater than for female students. Also, students who had participated in various prior computer workshops, had access to computer, Internet, and e-mail, and frequently checked their e-mail had higher mean of self-perceived knowledge and skill score. Finally, students with positive attitude toward ICT scored their computer knowledge higher than those who had no opinion. Conclusions: The results have confirmed that the medical schools, particularly in developing countries, need to bring fundamental changes such as curriculum modification in order to integrate ICT into medical education, creating essential infrastructure for ICT use in medical education and practice, and structured computer training for faculty and students.

Houshyari, Asefeh Badiey; Bahadorani, Mahnaz; Tootoonchi, Mina; Gardiner, John Jacob Zucker; Pena, Roberto A; Adibi, Peyman

2012-01-01

320

Information Communication Technology and Politics: A Synthesized Analysis of the Impacts of Information Technology on Voter Participation in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The availability of political information throughout society made possible by the evolution of contemporary information communication technology has precipitated conflicting debate regarding the effects of technology use on real life political participation. Proponents of technology argue that the use of new information technology stimulates…

Tsuma, Clive Katiba

2011-01-01

321

Changing paradigms in dermatology: information technology.  

PubMed

Medicine and specifically, dermatology, is undergoing enormous changes in the way in which it is practiced. Much of this is a result of a fundamental change in the manner in which information is exchanged through information technology. With the advent of more advanced telecommunications, imaging capabilities and information transfer, the very ways in which we examine patients, develop diagnoses and plan treatments as dermatologists have changed dramatically. This chapter will briefly review the development of personal computers and the Internet, as well as changes in telecommunications capabilities and how these changes have already altered how we see patients and care for them, as well as how new advances may continue to change the world of medicine and dermatology in the near future. PMID:14678717

Dill, Sara W; Digiovanna, John J

322

Arctic Science and Technology Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America, the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database "contains over 46,000 records describing publications and research projects about northern Canada." This service, which has recently been made free with help from the Canadian Polar Commission, covers all of the major branches of science. The simple and advanced search features lead to citations of Canadian government and industry reports, journal articles, conference papers, theses, and books, from 1978 to present. Citations contain bibliographic information, an abstract, detailed subject and geographic terms, and a library symbol to aid in locating a publication. The database also holds close to 11,000 descriptions of research projects conducted in Canada's three northern territories (Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut) since 1974. Information about obtaining publications is provided at the search page.

323

Communication and information technologies: A dialectical model of technology and human agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay appraises the relationship between technology and human agency with specific attention to communication and information technologies. Naive models of technological determinism, as well as models that disregard the deterministic qualities of technology, are rejected. In place of these a general, dialectical model of technology is presented, in which technologies and attitudes toward technologies are viewed as socially constructed.

William J. Kinsella

1993-01-01

324

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a consortium of universities and research institutions dedicated to gathering information about earthquakes in Southern California, integrate that knowledge into a comprehensive and predictive understanding of earthquake phenomena, and communicate this understanding to end-users and the general public in order to increase earthquake awareness, reduce economic losses, and save lives. News of recent earthquake research, online resources and educational information is available here.

325

Southern California Earthquake Data Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To say that there are a few earthquake research centers in Southern California is a bit like saying that Chicago sits on a lake of some size. It's a bit of an obvious remark, but given that there are a number of such projects, it's important to take a look at some of the more compelling ones out there. One such important resource is the Southern California Earthquake Data Center, sponsored by a host of organizations, including the California Institute of Technology and the United States Geological Survey. Visitors to the project site can peruse some of its recent work, which includes a clickable map of the region that features information on recent earthquakes in California and Nevada. Equally compelling is the clickable fault map of Southern California where visitors can learn about the local faults and recent activity along each fault. Another key element of the site is the historical earthquake database, which may be of interest to both the general public and those who are studying this area.

2005-11-03

326

Quantum technology and cryptology for information security  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cryptology and information security are set to play a more prominent role in the near future. In this regard, quantum communication and cryptography offer new opportunities to tackle ICT security. Quantum Information Processing and Communication (QIPC) is a scientific field where new conceptual foundations and techniques are being developed. They promise to play an important role in the future of information Security. It is therefore essential to have a cross-fertilizing development between quantum technology and cryptology in order to address the security challenges of the emerging quantum era. In this article, we discuss the impact of quantum technology on the current as well as future crypto-techniques. We then analyse the assumptions on which quantum computers may operate. Then we present our vision for the distribution of security attributes using a novel form of trust based on Heisenberg's uncertainty; and, building highly secure quantum networks based on the clear transmission of single photons and/or bundles of photons able to withstand unauthorized reading as a result of secure protocols based on the observations of quantum mechanics. We argue how quantum cryptographic systems need to be developed that can take advantage of the laws of physics to provide long-term security based on solid assumptions. This requires a structured integration effort to deploy quantum technologies within the existing security infrastructure. Finally, we conclude that classical cryptographic techniques need to be redesigned and upgraded in view of the growing threat of cryptanalytic attacks posed by quantum information processing devices leading to the development of post-quantum cryptography.

Naqvi, Syed; Riguidel, Michel

2007-05-01

327

Improving and Integrating Ground and Satellite Based Observational Technologies for Earthquake Precursor Studies: the Case of Abruzzo Earthquake (april 6, 2009; ML~5.8) (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Abruzzo earthquake (ML~5.8) occurred on 6 April 2009 other than be considered one of the major natural disasters occurred in recent years over Italian peninsula, can be account as a ``natural laboratory'' for better understanding the preparatory phases of seismic events. In fact, several studies based on different observations (seismological, geodetic, geochemical and remotely sensed) have been performed which,

V. Tramutoli; R. Corrado; C. Filizzola; N. Genzano; M. Lisi; N. Pergola

2010-01-01

328

Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work  

PubMed Central

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that this level of attention is not adequate given their ubiquity, growth and influence, specifically as it relates to upholding social work ethics. Significant attention is needed to help ensure social workers are responsive to the technological changes in the health care system, including the health care infrastructure and use of technology among clients. Social workers also need ICT competencies in order to effectively lead different types of social change initiatives or collaborate with professionals of other disciplines who are using ICTs as part of existing strategies. This paper also identifies potential pitfalls and challenges with respect to the adoption of ICTs, with recommendations for advancing their use in practice, education, and research.

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-Leys, Jon

2011-01-01

329

77 FR 27439 - Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Technology Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction (ACEHR or Committee...the meeting should be sent to National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program...

2012-05-10

330

77 FR 19224 - Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Technology Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction (ACEHR or Committee...the meeting should be sent to National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program...

2012-03-30

331

75 FR 8042 - Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Technology Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction (ACEHR or Committee...CONTACT: Dr. Jack Hayes, National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program...

2010-02-23

332

77 FR 18792 - Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Technology Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction (ACEHR or Committee...the meeting should be sent to National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program...

2012-03-28

333

76 FR 72905 - Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Technology Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction Meeting AGENCY: National...SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction (ACEHR or Committee...the meeting should be sent to National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program...

2011-11-28

334

48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000 Section 311.7000...Accessibility Standards 311.7000 Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS staff that...

2011-10-01

335

FRAME/WORK: Human Issues in Information Technology Implementation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of 'FRAME/WORK, Human Issues in Information Technology'. The FRAME/WORK research investigated the cultural and contextual issues involved in the implementation of information technologies that create new forms of connectiv...

A. W. Batteau

1996-01-01

336

Internet and information technologies: facts and fiction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information technology advances are spawning visions of radically altered modus operandi for commerce, education, business, information storage and receival. Proponents of virtual technology domination offer a world of instant communications, information sharing, and binary commerce. Some express alarm to the electronic visionaries and see an expected world vacated of human interactions, which is populated by e-hermits. The reality is that access to the Internet is becoming pervasive worldwide and affords a virtual community and markets. Governments, education, markets, businesses and consumers are rushing to exploit and adjust to an electronic, virtual world. The exploitation and adjustment to this an 'ether-world' transcends boundaries is a challenge to stakeholders. Public policy, international agreements, education, businesses and consumers face monumental change in the way they live and conduct their lives. As with most paradigms shifts, pioneers rush forward and launch a myriad of new startups with many failing and some standing the test of time and utility. An example is the early pioneers in North America who headed westward to in search of a new vision of riches. They established towns, developed farms, dug mines and began new businesses. However, many of the pioneers moved from one venture to another. Some of their endeavors ended with ghost towns, abandoned farms and mines, and bankrupt businesses. In the end, however, a great nation was born. This author expects the ether-world to go through similar starts, fits, and adjustments before it emerges as a more stable part of the fabric of society.

McNeil, Ronald D.

2001-10-01

337

Evaluating health information technology's clinical effects.  

PubMed

In 2009 the federal government appropriated $34 billion in stimulus-related funding to promote the "meaningful use" of health information technology among Medicare and Medicaid providers and hospitals. One of the key elements of this technology is the adoption of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems for inpatient drug prescribing. The potential for CPOE to improve prescribing patterns and prevent adverse events is large, and as yet, unrealized. Amidst enthusiasm for the benefits of CPOE, providers and policymakers are becoming aware that CPOE could introduce new errors into the system and cannot simply be assumed to "work." This Issue Brief reports on the experience of one hospital system that used its CPOE to reduce the incidence of a serious drug interaction. This rigorous test of a specific CPOE intervention shows that an electronic alert system can be effective in changing prescribing, but may also have unintended consequences for patient safety. PMID:21365962

Strom, Brian L; Schinnar, Rita

2011-02-01

338

Information Technology Student: Technical & Network Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, youâÂÂll learn about the wide range of jobs that are available to someone with a degree in information technology, or IT. Kennedy Symekher is studying technical and networking support in community college. He attends interviews at Microsoft and Boeing, and discovers how his IT skills can be applied in the working world. An IT specialist relies on technical and analytical skills to fix problems and also to create new software for the countless computers that run our world today.The video runs 4:46 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

339

Information Technology Student: Computer Programming & Support  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video adapted from Pathways to Technology, learn how exploring an interest in computers can lead to a new career. After taking, and enjoying, an online course, Hilda Villavicencio decided to study computer programming and information technology (IT) at community college. Students who attend an IT program learn how computers function, so that whether they go into networking, technical support, or any other branch of IT, they bring a solid understanding of computer systems and how to maintain them. Hilda interns at the computer help-desk at her school where she uses what she's learning in the classroom to help others. She explains where she'd like to be in five years, and how her degree will take her there.The video runs 3:12 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

340

Integrating health information technology into clinical guidelines.  

PubMed

The current use of Health Information Technology (HIT) within healthcare practice is limited. Clinical guidelines have been developed to bring research based evidence into practice. However, there is no defining step during the development process that explores the use of HIT and how it can benefit the patient, staff and delivery of care process. This paper presents a review of current research on the integration of HIT into clinical guidelines, a methodology for updating and altering the clinical guideline development process to include exploration of HIT and an updated version of the Patient Journey Modeling Architecture (PaJMa) to include a technology layer to assist in visually depicting how HIT can benefit healthcare. PMID:19963615

MacDougall, Candice; Percival, Jennifer; McGregor, Carolyn

2009-01-01

341

Reviewing information support during the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster : From the perspective of a hospital library that received support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011 caused extensive damage over a widespread area. Our hospital library, which is located in the affected area, was no exception. A large collection of books was lost, and some web content was inaccessible due to damage to the network environment. This greatly hindered our efforts to continue providing post-disaster medical information services. Information support, such as free access to databases, journals, and other online content related to the disaster areas, helped us immensely during this time. We were fortunate to have the cooperation of various medical employees and library members via social networks, such as twitter, during the process of attaining this information support.

Terasawa, Motoko

342

Techno-Human Mesh: The Growing Power of Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines the intersection of information technologies, power, people, and bodies. It explores how information technologies are on a path of creating efficiency, productivity, profitability, surveillance, and control, and looks at the ways in which human-machine interface technologies, such as wearable computers, biometric technologies,…

West, Cynthia K.

343

Medication errors: prevention using information technology systems  

PubMed Central

Given the high frequency of medication errors with resultant patient harm and cost, their prevention is a worldwide priority for health systems. Systems that use information technology (IT), such as computerized physician order entry, automated dispensing, barcode medication administration, electronic medication reconciliation, and personal health records, are vital components of strategies to prevent medication errors, and a growing body of evidence calls for their widespread implementation. However, important barriers, such as the high costs of such systems, must be addressed through economic incentives and government policies. This paper provides a review of the current state of IT systems in preventing medication errors.

Agrawal, Abha

2009-01-01

344

On the problems of information technology management in developing nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many developing nations treat information technology as a high priority item in their economic planning. The pace of computer introduction and the span of computer-based systems are expanding rapidly. This emanates from the realization that information technology has a great potential for the economic development of third world countries. However, it is our view that while information technology products open

Adnan H. Yahya

1993-01-01

345

Democratic Citizenship and Information Technology: Promises, Challenges, and Remedies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the relationship between democratic citizenship and information technology. Modern information technology disputes the idea that citizens can be properly educated to assume the burdens necessary to reap the blessing of freedom. Information technologies challenge the ability of citizens to fulfill the fundamental requirement of…

White, Charles S.

346

Coping and psychological adjustment among information technology personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Practitioners who work with information technology (IT) are reported to be experiencing rising levels of work-related stress. The origins of the stress coming from increasing demands from system users, advances in technology, and the growing use of information and communication technologies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of intra- and inter-organizational business activities. In the field of information

Peter E. D. Love; Zahir Irani

2007-01-01

347

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

348

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

349

The effect of information technology on productivity in retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

As labor costs rise faster than both inflation and sales, retailers are attempting to increase productivity by substituting information technology for labor. However, there exist disagreements over the potential benefits of adopting this strategy. The purpose of this study is to examine whether information technology contributes to the productivity of retail institutions. The results indicate that information technology is a

Barbara Coe

1996-01-01

350

Improving Modern Cancer Care Through Information Technology  

PubMed Central

The cancer care system is increasingly complex, marked by multiple hand-offs between primary care and specialty providers, inadequate communication among providers, and lack of clarity about a “medical home” (the ideal accountable care provider) for cancer patients. Patients and families often cite such difficulties as information deficits, uncoordinated care, and insufficient psychosocial support. This article presents a review of the challenges of delivering well coordinated, patient-centered cancer care in a complex modern healthcare system. An examination is made of the potential role of information technology (IT) advances to help both providers and patients. Using the published literature as background, a review is provided of selected work that is underway to improve communication, coordination, and quality of care. Also discussed are additional challenges and opportunities to advancing understanding of how patient data, provider and patient involvement, and informatics innovations can support high-quality cancer care.

Clauser, Steven B.; Wagner, Edward H.; Bowles, Erin J. Aiello; Tuzzio, Leah; Greene, Sarah M.

2011-01-01

351

Mid-America Earthquake Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Understanding earthquakes is a complex process, and the Mid-Americ Earthquake Center is one of three national earthquake engineering research centers set up to work on a variety of approaches to a broad set of related scientific concerns. Based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Center consists of a consortium of nine core institutions and is funded by the National Science Foundation. The Center's primary work is within four areas, including information technology and consequence-based risk management frameworks. Recognizing that they serve a broad range of visitors to their website, the Center has established a number of informative introductions on their homepage for the general public, potential industry partners, members of the press, and K-12 educators. While a number of visitors may be interested in their technical reports and software packages, most visitors will want to look over the graduate and undergraduate teaching modules, which will be of great use to educators in the engineering and geophysical sciences and their students. Additionally, the Center's site provides access to a number of informative webcasts, including presentations on seismic performances of bridges.

352

The Search for New Information Processing technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our society has benefited from the ‘Golden Age of Electronics’ for the last half century. The ubiquitous transistor, in its many manifestations, has enabled an explosion of capabilities in information processing, communications, and sensing that has spurred exponential growth in performance-benefit ratios. Much of the credit for this progress is due to the continued scaling of the silicon integrated circuit (IC) components and to the associated efficient fabrication processes that have made the IC affordable. There is a growing realization, from simple physics arguments, that as minimum features sizes approach the ten nanometer regime, scaling will very likely slow and eventually end. This doesn’t mean that the MOSFET will disappear, but more likely that it will need to be supplemented by other device and interconnect technologies if the exponential gains are to continue. In this talk we discuss the basis for the projected limitation of scaling of charge-based devices for logic and memory devices. We argue that a fundamental consideration for all devices, including those based on charge, relates to the capacity to manage heat generated by circuit operation. Our preference is for devices that operate at room temperature since the energy costs for cooling the devices must also be charged against the overall system energy consumption. (Cooling costs increase as a power of the difference between the ambient and the target temperature.) Therefore we seek new state variables to serve as an alternative to electrical charge for future information processing technologies. These technologies must provide the potential for sustaining exponential performance-cost benefits with time. The search must not only focus on device structures but on the underlying materials and process technologies that enable these structures. Indeed, to obtain extremely scaled CMOS, new materials and processes must also be developed. In this talk, we survey some of the candidates for replacements/supplements for/to the MOSFET and give a status report on the status of the search. We also briefly discuss the problem of design in the far nanometer regime where device variability is likely to be significant. What design constraints must be employed to ensure that manufacturing yields are high, given broad tolerance margins for the device characteristics? Variability is a growing problem in extremely scaled CMOS what is learned from these applications will likely benefit replacement technologies as well.

Cavin, Ralph K.

2005-03-01

353

Innovation Value of Information Technology: Impact of Information Technology--Intensity on Innovation Capability and Firm Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Though information technology adoptions have been always referred to as innovations in firms, much of the business value literature has concentrated on the tangible and immediately measurable impacts of information technology (IT) adoptions. This study aims to explore the impact of information technology investments on the innovativeness of a…

Ramamani, Mahesh Kumar

2010-01-01

354

Accessing Current, Recent and Historical Earthquake Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site explains the many Internet tools that are currently available for accessing earthquake data. Students discover that by using these tools one can obtain information (such as location, origin time and magnitude) about the most recent earthquakes; search historical earthquake catalogs for earthquakes in a given region over a selected time period; and view, download or make maps of recent or historical earthquake activity of the world or of a selected region. They also learn that the tools support education and research activities related to earthquakes such as: maintaining a classroom map of significant earthquakes; calculating earthquake magnitude from educational seismograph records and comparing with official magnitude estimates; obtaining historical earthquake data for a specific area to relate a recent event to the background seismicity; and analyzing sequences of earthquake activity. There is a link to information about obtaining and using seismograms.

Braile, Larry

355

Information Technology and the Curriculum: A Status Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information technology infuses all aspects of modern life, and the growth of digital information continues at an unprecedented rate. Widely influential documents, such as the National Research Council's "Being Fluent with Information Technology" and the American Library Association's "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher…

Perry, Claudia A.

2004-01-01

356

Information technology and underdevelopment in the Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is taking centre stage as the world approaches the twenty-first century. The enormous advantages it has in easing the delivery of information around the world, as well as the central role of information in the new global economy, means that information technology will shape the dynamics of the new millennium. However, for most Third World countries, faced with

Samuel W. Jimba

1999-01-01

357

Individual and structural influences on information technology helping relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Getting help in understanding how to use and interpret a new information system is a crucial organizational and individual resource. Indeed, both informal and formal sources of information technology help are expensive and necessary, but largely unidentified, unmanaged, and underresearched. This study proposes that two types of factors influence the formation of information technology helping relationships: individual and structural. Based

Ronald E. Rice

1999-01-01

358

Earthquake Myths  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site serves to belie several popular myths about earthquakes. Students will learn that most earthquakes do not occur in the early morning and one cannot be swallowed up by an earthquake. In addition, there is no such thing as earthquake weather and California is not falling into the ocean. On the more practical side, students can learn that good building codes do not insure good buildings, it is safer under a table than in a doorway during an earthquake, and most people do not panic during an earthquake.

359

USAFA Cadet Homepage: Institute for Information Technology Applications (IITA).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The USAFA Cadet Homepage is the result of an Institute for Information Technology Application (IITA) research effort to develop a single, consolidated access point for cadet information. This information includes individual course schedules, status of cur...

S. M. Hadfield

2005-01-01

360

Technological frames: making sense of information technology in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we build on and extend research into the cognitions and values of users and designers by proposing a systematic approach for examining the underlying assumptions, expectations, and knowledge that people have about technology. Such interpretations of technology (which we call technological frames) are central to understanding technological development, use, and change in organizations. We suggest that where

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Debra C. Gash

1994-01-01

361

Teaching introductory information technology through English in China: Innovative approaches to information technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United International College (UIC) is a new Liberal Arts college in Southern China, whose goals include creating an innovative international education model for China that can contribute to the welfare of the nation and the world. All non-Computer Science major students in UIC are required to take an introductory Information technology (IT) course. This paper identifies some of the

Haifei Huang; Dave Towey

2010-01-01

362

Information technology in secondary schools and its impact on training information technology teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are concerns about the teaching and learning of information technology (IT) in English state secondary schools (ages 11-18 years), and the way IT resources and the curriculum are organised. These circumstances affect students who are training to be IT teachers when they are on teaching placement in secondary schools. They may find that the curriculum model used in one

Roger Crawford

2000-01-01

363

Global Technology Revolution. Bio/Nano/Materials Trends and Their Synergies with Information Technology by 2015.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NIC believed that various technologies (including information technology, biotechnology, nanotechnology (broadly defined), and materials technology) have the potential for significant and dominant global effects by 2015. The input presented in this re...

P. S. Anton R. Silberglitt J. Schneider

2004-01-01

364

Simulating Earthquakes for Science and Society: Earthquake Visualizations Ideal for use in Science Communication and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) has been developing groundbreaking computer modeling capabilities for studying earthquakes. These visualizations were initially shared within the scientific community but have recently gained visibility via television news coverage in Southern California. Computers have opened up a whole new world for scientists working with large data sets, and students can benefit from the same opportunities (Libarkin & Brick, 2002). For example, The Great Southern California ShakeOut was based on a potential magnitude 7.8 earthquake on the southern San Andreas fault. The visualization created for the ShakeOut was a key scientific and communication tool for the earthquake drill. This presentation will also feature SCEC Virtual Display of Objects visualization software developed by SCEC Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology interns. According to Gordin and Pea (1995), theoretically visualization should make science accessible, provide means for authentic inquiry, and lay the groundwork to understand and critique scientific issues. This presentation will discuss how the new SCEC visualizations and other earthquake imagery achieve these results, how they fit within the context of major themes and study areas in science communication, and how the efficacy of these tools can be improved.

de Groot, R.

2008-12-01

365

Recent Earthquakes in California and Nevada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the US Geological Survey provides information and updates about the recent earthquakes in California and Nevada. Data include magnitude, time, location, coordinates, and depth for each earthquake, and each data page points to additional sources of information for the given earthquake. Users can access information via a clickable map of California or specialty maps of Long Valley, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. Alternately, the site allows visitors to select an earthquake from a list of big earthquakes or a list of all earthquakes.

366

Earthquakes: The Prehistoric Record  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geologic features altered by earthquakes provide striking evidence of the power of seismic events. This video segment explores the research of Dr. Kerry Sieh, a geologist at the California Institute of Technology, who is dating sediment layers broken and offset by earthquakes in the past to determine the rate at which strain is accumulating towards the next event. The segment is three minutes nineteen seconds in length. A background essay and discussion questions are included.

2011-05-13

367

Modeling Information Technology - A Pattern Approach for Enhancing Technology Intelligence Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, companies seeking to advance their information systems are facing an overwhelming variety of fast pacing innovations in the information technology sector. Many of these innovations could lead to new ways of extending existing competitive advantages or leveraging weaknesses respectively. Furthermore technological progress is characterized by shorter technology life cycles and by discontinuities. The challenge for developing information systems that

Michael Schermann; Helmut Krcmar

368

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements...accordance with the Medicaid Information Technology Architecture (MITA)...

2010-10-01

369

14 CFR 1274.937 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. 1274.937 Section...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources July 2002 (a)...

2013-01-01

370

76 FR 76640 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology, which apply to federal...Section 508) Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility...

2011-12-08

371

75 FR 57079 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-17

372

77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

2012-07-23

373

77 FR 38092 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...purpose of soliciting from the information technology community and other...

2012-06-26

374

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

375

75 FR 77753 - Pilot Program for the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel AGENCY: Department...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology (IT) Personnel. This...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel,'' to...

2010-12-14

376

77 FR 6825 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2012-02-09

377

77 FR 67028 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...meeting will include: Information Technology--The Effects on and...

2012-11-08

378

76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-04-05

379

75 FR 57521 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-21

380

75 FR 55616 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-13

381

77 FR 749 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...January 6, 2012 that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

2012-01-06

382

75 FR 55360 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-10

383

76 FR 64386 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-10-18

384

Information technology and the board of directors.  

PubMed

Ever since the Y2K scare, boards have grown increasingly nervous about corporate dependence on information technology. Since then, computer crashes, denial of service attacks, competitive pressures, and the need to automate compliance with government regulations have heightened board sensitivity to IT risk. Unfortunately, most boards remain largely in the dark when it comes to IT spending and strategy, despite the fact that corporate information assets can account for more than 50% of capital spending. A lack of board oversight for IT activities is dangerous, the authors say. It puts firms at risk in the same way that failing to audit their books would. Companies that have established board-level IT governance committees are better able to control IT project costs and carve out competitive advantage. But there is no one-size-fits-all model for board supervision of a company's IT operations. The correct approach depends on what strategic "mode" a company is in whether its operations are extremely dependent on IT or not, and whether or not it relies heavily on keeping up with the latest technologies. This article spells out the conditions under which boards need to change their level of involvement in IT decisions, explaining how members can recognize their firms' IT risks and decide whether they should pursue more aggressive IT governance. The authors delineate what an IT governance committee should look like in terms of charter, membership, duties, and overall agenda. They also offer recommendations for developing IT policies that take into account an organization's operational and strategic needs and suggest what to do when those needs change. Given the dizzying pace of change in the world of IT, boards can't afford to ignore the state of their IT systems and capabilities. Appropriate board governance can go a long way toward helping a company avoid unnecessary risk and improve its competitive position. PMID:16250628

Nolan, Richard; McFarlan, F Warren

2005-10-01

385

GIS Mapping of Earthquake-Related Deaths and Hospital Admissions from the 1994 Northridge, California, Earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Earthquakes pose a persistent but unpredictable health threat. Although knowledge of geologic earthquake hazards for buildings has increased, spatial relations between injuries and seismic activity have not been explained.METHODS: Fatal and hospital-admitted earthquake injuries due to the 1994 Northridge Earthquake were identified. Geographical Information Systems software was used to map all injury locations. Injuries were analyzed with regard to

Corinne Peek-Asa; Marizen R Ramirez; Kim Shoaf; Hope Seligson; Jess F Kraus

2000-01-01

386

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

387

Internet of things technology applied in medical information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet of things technology used in medical information is adopt in this paper. Firstly the structure feature of internet of things technology is researched .Then analyzing the development of EPC System Network, especially Internet of things technology applied in medical information. Therefore the remote consultation System based on internet of things is adopted ,it is helpful to solve the area

Yan-Wei Wang; Hui-Li Yu; Ya Li

2011-01-01

388

Reducing Stressful Aspects of Information Technology in Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although information technology has made locating and organizing information faster and easier in many ways, it also constitutes a source of stress for both public services librarians and patrons. This study identifies a number of sources of technological stress, which include everything from poor typing skills to poor interface design. It also proposes several ways to reduce technological stress, such

Brian Quinn

1995-01-01

389

Information Technology and Corporate Strategy: A Research Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technology (IT) as a competitive weapon has become a popular cliché; but there is still a marked lack of understanding of the issues that determine the influence of information technology on a particular organization and the processes that will allow a smooth coordination of technology and corporate strategy. This article surveys the major efforts to arrive

J. Yannis Bakos; Michael E. Treacy

1986-01-01

390

Higher Education and Information Technology: The Russian Federation State Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the process of introducing new information technologies in the Russian Federation higher education system. Illustrates the condition of Russian higher education and presents concepts and major programs of federal information technology policy. Shows how Udmurt State University, Izhevsk, Russia, has integrated new technology issues in…

Matveyev, Aleksei G.; Zhuravlyov, Vitaly A.

1997-01-01

391

Report on the Trend of the Utilization of Information Technology for the Exchange and Communication of Scientific and Technological Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science and Technology Agency conducted research on utilization of information technology in future scientific and technological information dissemination systems. This paper describes the outline of this study. Based on the hearing from information specialists, questionnaires to personnels in charge of R & D as well as documentation sections of organizations, and the literature search this report discusses a new type of information distributing system having its origin in prospects on usage forms of scientific and technological information, and the information disseminating technology. As to scientific and technological information for Keihanshin District it also grasps the needs for its use, analyzes the trend in the distributing systems and describes subjects for promoting information and communication in this District.

Dobashi, Hisashi; Sawaki, Masataka

392

Information Technology in Complex Health Services  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: To identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services. Design: A case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment. Measurements: Interviews involving over 60 staff at all levels of the service were undertaken by a team of three. The interviews were recorded and analyzed for key themes, and the results were shared and compared to enable a continuing critical assessment. Results: Two components of the transfer of the system were considered: the transfer from a different environment, and the diffusion throughout a large, divisionalized organization. The analyses were based on the Scott-Morton organizational fit framework. In relation to the first, it was found that there was a lack of fit in the business environments and strategies, organizational structures and strategy-structure pairing as well as the management process-roles pairing. The diffusion process experienced problems because of the lack of fit in the strategy-structure, strategy-structure-management processes, and strategy-structure-role relationships. Conclusion: The large-scale developments of integrated health services present great challenges to the efficient and reliable implementation of information technology, especially in large, divisionalized organizations. There is a need to take a more sophisticated approach to understanding the complexities of organizational factors than has traditionally been the case.

Southon, Frank Charles Gray; Sauer, Chris; Dampney, Christopher Noel Grant (Kit)

1997-01-01

393

Information Literacy Education on College of Technology at Kyushu Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, the importance of an engineering education increases by the development of the information technology (IT) . Development of the information literacy education is important to deal with new IT in the education on college of technology. Our group investigated the current state of information literacy education on college of technology at Kyushu area and the secondary education. In addition, we investigated about the talent whom the industrial world requested. From these investigation results, this paper proposed cooperation with the elementary and secondary education, enhancement of intellectual property education, introduction of information ethics education, introduction of career education and enhancement of PBL to information literacy education on college of technology.

Kozono, Kazutake; Ikeda, Naomitsu; Irie, Hiroki; Fujimoto, Yoichi; Oshima, Shunsuke; Murayama, Koichi; Taguchi, Hirotsugu

394

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND THE COMING MERGER OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biotechnology and information technology are the two generic technologies which are poised to have a major impact in the coming decades. Students of generic technologies have pointed out that their impact would be much greater than the earlier generic technologies associated with the Industrial Revolution and its aftermath, including such technologies as those asssociated with steam, electricity, chemicals and oil

Susantha Goonatilake

395

Earthquake prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake prediction research programmes in a number of countries are reviewed together with achievements in various disciplines involved in earthquake prediction research, i.e., geodetic work, tide gauge observation, continuous observation of crustal movement, seismic activity and seismological method, seismic wave velocity, geotectonic work, geomagnetic and geoelectric work and laboratory work and its application in the field. Present-day development of earthquake

Tsuneji Rikitake

1968-01-01

396

Virtual Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive feature shows students how an earthquake epicenter is located and how Richter magnitude is determined. They will use recordings of seismograms from three stations (provided in the activity), learn the difference between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, and that the magnitude of an earthquake is an estimate of the amount of energy that it has released.

Novak, Gary

397

Standardization of seismic tomographic models and earthquake focal mechanisms data sets based on web technologies, visualization with keyhole markup language  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present two projects in seismology that have been ported to web technologies, which provide results in Keyhole Markup Language (KML) visualization layers. These use the Google Earth geo-browser as the flexible platform that can substitute specialized graphical tools to perform qualitative visual data analyses and comparisons. The Network of Research Infrastructures for European Seismology (NERIES) Tomographic Earth Model Repository contains data sets from over 20 models from the literature. A hierarchical structure of folders that represent the sets of depths for each model is implemented in KML, and this immediately results into an intuitive interface for users to navigate freely and to compare tomographic plots. The KML layer for the European-Mediterranean Regional Centroid-Moment Tensor Catalog displays the focal mechanism solutions or moderate-magnitude Earthquakes from 1997 to the present. Our aim in both projects was to also propose standard representations of scientific data sets. Here, the general semantic approach of an XML framework has an important impact that must be further explored, although we find the KML syntax to more emphasis on aspects of detailed visualization. We have thus used, and propose the use of, Javascript Object Notation (JSON), another semantic notation that stems from the web-development community that provides a compact, general-purpose, data-exchange format.

Postpischl, Luca; Danecek, Peter; Morelli, Andrea; Pondrelli, Silvia

2011-01-01

398

Earthquakes: San Francisco  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The prediction of earthquakes may be inexact, but it is vital, especially when large cities such as San Francisco or Los Angeles are threatened. The San Andreas Fault and two other faults, the Heyward and Calaveras faults, all have the potential to deliver a massive earthquake to the San Francisco Bay area. In this video segment, a seismologist explains the historical pattern of seismic activity in the Bay area, and how this information may be used to predict the location and timing of San Francisco's next big earthquake. The segment is three minutes twenty-eight seconds in length. A background essay and discussion questions are included.

399

The challenge of contracting for technological information  

PubMed Central

Contracting to provide technological information (TI) is a significant challenge. TI is an unusual commodity in five ways. (i) TI is difficult to count and value; conventional indicators, such as patents and citations, hardly indicate value. TI is often sold at different prices to different parties. (ii) To value TI, it may be necessary to “give away the secret.” This danger, despite nondisclosure agreements, inhibits efforts to market TI. (iii) To prove its value, TI is often bundled into complete products, such as a computer chip or pharmaceutical product. Efficient exchange, by contrast, would involve merely the raw information. (iv) Sellers’ superior knowledge about TI’s value make buyers wary of overpaying. (v) Inefficient contracts are often designed to secure rents from TI. For example, licensing agreements charge more than marginal cost. These contracting difficulties affect the way TI is produced, encouraging self-reliance. This should be an advantage to large firms. However, small research and development firms spend more per employee than large firms, and nonprofit universities are major producers. Networks of organizational relationships, particularly between universities and industry, are critical in transmitting TI. Implicit barter—money for guidance—is common. Property rights for TI are hard to establish. Patents, quite suitable for better mousetraps, are inadequate for an era when we design better mice. Much TI is not patented, and what is patented sets fuzzy demarcations. New organizational forms are a promising approach to contracting difficulties for TI. Webs of relationships, formal and informal, involving universities, start-up firms, corporate giants, and venture capitalists play a major role in facilitating the production and spread of TI.

Zeckhauser, Richard

1996-01-01

400

Information Technology and Community Restoration Studies/Task 1: Information Technology  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstration—a program jointly funded by the Department of Defense's Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) Science and Technology Directorate—is developing policies, methods, plans, and applied technologies to restore large urban areas, critical infrastructures, and Department of Defense installations following the intentional release of a biological agent (anthrax) by terrorists. There is a perception that there should be a common system that can share information both vertically and horizontally amongst participating organizations as well as support analyses. A key question is: "How far away from this are we?" As part of this program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted research to identify the current information technology tools that would be used by organizations in the greater Seattle urban area in such a scenario, to define criteria for use in evaluating information technology tools, and to identify current gaps. Researchers interviewed 28 individuals representing 25 agencies in civilian and military organizations to identify the tools they currently use to capture data needed to support operations and decision making. The organizations can be grouped into five broad categories: defense (Department of Defense), environmental/ecological (Environmental Protection Agency/Ecology), public health and medical services, emergency management, and critical infrastructure. The types of information that would be communicated in a biological terrorism incident include critical infrastructure and resource status, safety and protection information, laboratory test results, and general emergency information. The most commonly used tools are WebEOC (web-enabled crisis information management systems with real-time information sharing), mass notification software, resource tracking software, and NW WARN (web-based information to protect critical infrastructure systems). It appears that the current information management tools are used primarily for information gathering and sharing—not decision making. Respondents identified the following criteria for a future software system. It is easy to learn, updates information in real time, works with all agencies, is secure, uses a visualization or geographic information system feature, enables varying permission levels, flows information from one stage to another, works with other databases, feeds decision support tools, is compliant with appropriate standards, and is reasonably priced. Current tools have security issues, lack visual/mapping functions and critical infrastructure status, and do not integrate with other tools. It is clear that there is a need for an integrated, common operating system. The system would need to be accessible by all the organizations that would have a role in managing an anthrax incident to enable regional decision making. The most useful tool would feature a GIS visualization that would allow for a common operating picture that is updated in real time. To capitalize on information gained from the interviews, the following activities are recommended: • Rate emergency management decision tools against the criteria specified by the interviewees. • Identify and analyze other current activities focused on information sharing in the greater Seattle urban area. • Identify and analyze information sharing systems/tools used in other regions.

Upton, Jaki F.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Stein, Steven L.

2009-11-19

401

Technology Help 2.0: Solutions for the Information Commons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access services librarians at Southeastern Louisiana University's Sims Memorial Library observed patrons' technology help needs and created an interactive training manual that empowers library faculty and staff to provide public service technology help in the Information Commons. The new training manual takes technology help in the academic library to the next level, “Technology Help 2.0,” because it allows librarians to

Kathryn W. Munson

2008-01-01

402

Transforming Health Care through Information Technology. Report to the President.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is one in a series of reports to the President and Congress developed by the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) on key contemporary issues in information technology. This report argues that significant improvements in health care would be possible if modern clinical information systems were widely implemented and a…

Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC.

403

Nurses and health information technology: working with and around computers.  

PubMed

Information technology is nearly ubiquitous in health care settings. Nurses need basic computer skills and information literacy to effectively practice nursing. In addition, nurses must be prepared not only to work around complex health information technology, but also to communicate with individuals who can address the underlying problems. PMID:22128698

Peace, Jane

404

Information technology selection process and perceived impacts in physician's practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, few articles have documented the selection process and the resulting impact of the information technology on the health care organization. Information technology (IT) for this study is defined as: computer software used to store, transport and communicate information. This study was designed to gain understanding on how physicians and office staff select software and what the perceptions are

K. Beekman Eden; D. F. Kocaoglu

1999-01-01

405

Three Essays on Information Technology Security Management in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increasing complexity and sophistication of ever evolving information technologies has spurred unique and unprecedented challenges for organizations to protect their information assets. Companies suffer significant financial and reputational damage due to ineffective information technology security management, which has extensively been shown to…

Gupta, Manish

2011-01-01

406

A Study on Application of Information Technology on Tourism Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Application of Information Technology (IT) has revolutionized the functioning of business all over the world. Its impact has been felt mostly in the information dependent industries. Tourism is one such industry. This study examines the penetration of Information Technology in the context of Tourism Management. This study has found differences in usage of IT and attitudes towards its dependence upon

N. Ray; A. Banerjee; S. Ghosh; D. K. Das

2011-01-01

407

Children's formal and informal definition of technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though today's children have many chances to interact with technology, what they understand about technology from their point of view still needs to be explored. In this poster we report how children define technology and what they understand technology to be in a real-life context. We use qualitative methods aiming to identify the differences in children's formal definitions and their

Jieyu Wang; Anita Komlodi

2012-01-01

408

Linking giant earthquakes with the subduction of oceanic fracture zones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Giant subduction earthquakes are known to occur in areas not previously identified as prone to high seismic risk. This highlights the need to better identify subduction zone segments potentially dominated by relatively long (up to 1000 years and more) recurrence times of giant earthquakes. Global digital data sets represent a promising source of information for a multi-dimensional earthquake hazard analysis. We combine the NGDC global Significant Earthquakes database with a global strain rate map, gridded ages of the ocean floor, and a recently produced digital data set for oceanic fracture zones, major aseismic ridges and volcanic chains to investigate the association of earthquakes as a function of magnitude with age of the downgoing slab and convergence rates. We use a so-called Top-N recommendation method, a technology originally developed to search, sort, classify, and filter very large and often statistically skewed data sets on the internet, to analyse the association of subduction earthquakes sorted by magnitude with key parameters. The Top-N analysis is used to progressively assess how strongly particular "tectonic niche" locations (e.g. locations along subduction zones intersected with aseismic ridges or volcanic chains) are associated with sets of earthquakes in sorted order in a given magnitude range. As the total number N of sorted earthquakes is increased, by progressively including smaller-magnitude events, the so-called recall is computed, defined as the number of Top-N earthquakes associated with particular target areas divided by N. The resultant statistical measure represents an intuitive description of the effectiveness of a given set of parameters to account for the location of significant earthquakes on record. We use this method to show that the occurrence of great (magnitude ? 8) earthquakes on overriding plate segments is strongly biased towards intersections of oceanic fracture zones with subduction zones. These intersection regions are linked with 8 of the largest 10, 18 of the largest 25, about half of the largest 100 subduction earthquakes, as well as with the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Subduction zone intersections with volcanic chains are not found to be associated with a significantly elevated risk for great earthquakes globally. This difference likely arises from subducting fracture zone ridges leading to stronger seismic coupling than subducting volcanic chains.

Landgrebe, T. C.; Müller, R. D.; EathByte Group

2011-12-01

409

An Information Technology Architecture for Pharmaceutical Research and Development  

PubMed Central

Rationale for and development of an information technology architecture are presented. The architectural approach described produces a technology environment that is integrating, flexible, robust, productive, and future-oriented. Issues accompanying architecture development and potential impediments to success are discussed.

Klingler, Daniel E.; Jaffe, Marvin E.

1990-01-01

410

Listening to data from the 2011 magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki, Japan, earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is important for seismologists to effectively convey information about catastrophic earthquakes, such as the magnitude 9.0 earthquake in Tohoku-Oki, Japan, to general audience who may not necessarily be well-versed in the language of earthquake seismology. Given recent technological advances, previous approaches of using "snapshot" static images to represent earthquake data is now becoming obsolete, and the favored venue to explain complex wave propagation inside the solid earth and interactions among earthquakes is now visualizations that include auditory information. Here, we convert seismic data into visualizations that include sounds, the latter being a term known as 'audification', or continuous 'sonification'. By combining seismic auditory and visual information, static "snapshots" of earthquake data come to life, allowing pitch and amplitude changes to be heard in sync with viewed frequency changes in the seismograms and associated spectragrams. In addition, these visual and auditory media allow the viewer to relate earthquake generated seismic signals to familiar sounds such as thunder, popcorn popping, rattlesnakes, firecrackers, etc. We present a free software package that uses simple MATLAB tools and Apple Inc's QuickTime Pro to automatically convert seismic data into auditory movies. We focus on examples of seismic data from the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. These examples range from near-field strong motion recordings that demonstrate the complex source process of the mainshock and early aftershocks, to far-field broadband recordings that capture remotely triggered deep tremor and shallow earthquakes. We envision audification of seismic data, which is geared toward a broad range of audiences, will be increasingly used to convey information about notable earthquakes and research frontiers in earthquake seismology (tremor, dynamic triggering, etc). Our overarching goal is that sharing our new visualization tool will foster an interest in seismology, not just for young scientists but also for people of all ages.

Peng, Z.; Aiken, C.; Kilb, D. L.; Shelly, D. R.; Enescu, B.

2011-12-01

411

Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources collection is comprised of web portals, web sites, and resources in many areas including algorithms and data structures, operating systems and programming languages, software engineering, artificial intelligence, information science, digital-library technologies, and others. Here may be found materials for educators and learners, resources intended for the general public, and materials aimed at research communities devoted to computer science and information technology.

2008-03-14

412

Client/server technology: Is it beneficial in the engineering information and information technology environment?  

SciTech Connect

Client/server systems have been touted as the next step in the advance of the computer into modern, computer-aided drafting (CAD), computer-aided engineering (CAE), geographical information systems (GIS), engineering information (EI) technology, and information technology (IT) society, but they are not a solution to every organizations problems when it comes to advanced computer technology. Some of the ideas that are presented here are {open_quotes}old hat.{close_quotes} Then I ask you, why don`t we follow there {open_quotes}old hat{close_quotes} principles? This paper attempts and explores the advantages and disadvantages of these popular systems. The client/server architecture, apart from its ability to manage CAD/CAE/GIS and EI/IT and deliver it to decision makers in a timely fashion, offers many compelling advantages. There is, however, a downside to the widespread acceptance of the client/server environment. Users who expect to save money may be very disappointed. This paper provides a set of guidelines to help senior managers determine whether client/server computing is right for their CAD/CAE/GIS and IT organizations. From this point on, the abbreviations, CAD/CAE/GIS and EI/IT will be jointly referred to as {open_quotes}EI/IT{close_quotes} systems.

Norton, F.J.

1996-06-10

413

Highway Focus Toward an Understanding of Earthquakes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The treatise was prepared to present basic information such that those engineers unfamiliar with the earthquake phenomena will acquire a better understanding of the causes and distribution of earthquakes. Efforts being undertaken to mitigate the effects o...

W. Podolny J. D. Cooper

1974-01-01

414

An Aggregated Information Technology Checklist for Operational Risk Management An Aggregated Information Technology Checklist for Operational Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the issue of the Information Technology (IT) Governance fra- meworks and standards that respond to different levels of operational risks, especially those caused by the information systems and technology infrastructure. A require- ment analysis regarding Basel II is conducted, a gap analysis between the Information Control Models (ICMs) is performed, and the aggregated IT checklist for Operational

Mehmet Zeki Önal

415

Information technology in medical education: current and future applications.  

PubMed Central

Information technology has the potential to revolutionise the way medicine is learned by students and healthcare professionals. This potential was recognised by the General Medical Council in their 1993 report Tomorrow's doctors in which the need for future generations of doctors to be familiar with the application and scope of information technology is described. This paper focuses on the use of computers as aids to learning medicine and discusses two key applications of information technology to medical education: multimedia and the internet. The current use and potential for these areas of information technology are described and future developments discussed. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4

Mooney, G. A.; Bligh, J. G.

1997-01-01

416

Information technology and the conduct of research: The user's view  

SciTech Connect

Information technology-the set of computer and telecommunications technologies that makes possible computation, communication, and the storage and retrieval of information-has changed the conduct of scientific, engineering, and clinical research. This report examines present trends, future potential, and impediments to the use of information technology in support of research. Written from the viewpoint of the researcher using information technology and including many examples, the report offers a number of recommendations directed to two principal audiences: policymakers and leaders of institutions responsible for the support and management of research, and researchers themselves.

Not Available

1989-01-01

417

Information technology as tool for change.  

PubMed

It looks that networking welfare thinking and implementations of network projects only follow the development of data transfer possibilities. It is a danger that seamless chain of care in health care is just a data transferring generator based on easy connections, only creating needs for new data transferring. This is an 'illusion of core skills' that does not extend to the development of the contents of services. Easy access to the system makes more contacts and need for more also clinical services. New needs for data transfer burden the personnel with unnecessary information and networking functional model does not emancipate them to use their substantial skills. It means more costs and it is also a danger that normal life will be medicated. Public sector cannot finance all these new possibilities and consequences of modern technology. Does all this create a new combination of public and private sector and push them to allocate responsibilities in developing work? If the public and private sectors do not find the balance in controlling this development, also actors outside health care get to influence the choices and health care loses its autonomy. It becomes a business means for companies producing data transfer and network services. From the prioritization point of view this is not a good vision for financing and delivery of health care services either in public or private sector. PMID:10659942

Itkonen, P

1999-12-01

418

Medical Information & Technology: Rapidly Expanding Vast Horizons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During ÑMedical Council Of India?, Platinum Jubilee Year (1933-2008) Celebrations, In Year 2008, Several Scientific Meeting/Seminar/Symposium, On Various Topics Of Contemporary Importance And Relevance In The Field Of ÑMedical Education And Ethics?, Were Organized, By Different Medical Colleges At Various Local, State, National Levels. The Present Discussion, Is An Comprehensive Summary Of Various Different Aspects of ìMedical Information Communication Technologyî, Especially UseFul For The Audience Stratum Group Of Those Amateur Medical & Paramedical Staff, With No Previous Work Experience Knowledge Of Computronics Applications. Outlining The, i.Administration Applications: Medical Records Etc, ii. Clinical Applications: Pros pective Scope Of TeleMedicine Applicabilities Etc iii. Other Applications: Efforts To Augment Improvement Of Medical Education, Medical Presentations, Medical Education And Research Etc. ÑMedical Trancription? & Related Recent Study Fields e.g ÑModern Pharmaceuticals?,ÑBio-Engineering?, ÑBio-Mechanics?, ÑBio-Technology? Etc., Along With Important Aspects Of Computers-General Considerations, Computer Ergonomics Assembled To Summarize, The AwareNess Regarding Basic Fundamentals Of Medical Computronics & Its Practically SuccessFul Utilities.

Sahni, Anil K.

2012-12-01

419

[New information technologies and health consumerism].  

PubMed

Concepts related to consumption have shifted to include social processes not previously covered by traditional categories. The current review analyzes the application of classical concepts of consumerism to practices recently identified in the health field, like the phenomenon of cyberchondria. The theoretical challenge relates to the difficulty in extrapolating from the economic perspectives of consumerism to self-care issues in the context of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Drawing on recent anthropological categories, the study seeks to understand the phenomenon of self-care commodification under the imperative of self-accountability for health. New consumer identities are described in light of the unprecedented issues concerning technical improvements currently altering the nature of self-care. The study concludes that health is consumed as vitality, broken down into commercial artifacts in the context of a new bioeconomy - no longer linked to the idea of emulation and possession, but to forms of self-perception and self-care in the face of multiple risks and new definitions of the human being. PMID:21229207

Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; Castiel, Luis David; Bagrichevsky, Marcos; Griep, Rosane Harter

2010-08-01

420

Computing, information, and communications: Technologies for the 21. Century.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To meet the challenges of a radically new and technologically demanding century, the Federal Computing, Information, and Communications (CIC) programs are investing in long-term research and development (R and D) to advance computing, information, and com...

1998-01-01

421

Gender, Information Technology, and Developing Countries: An Analytical Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information technology (IT) has become a potent force in transforming social, economic, and political life globally. Without its incorporation into the information age, there is little chance for countries or regions to develop. More and more concern is b...

N. Hafkin N. Taggart

2001-01-01

422

People in a Technology Driven Future: On the Social Relations of New Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This keynote address examines the social relations of information technology in the future. Examples of the recent history of technology related to transportation, printing, and nuclear energy are presented. Some troubling examples of the social relations of new information technologies that are emerging on a global scale are then discussed,…

Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.

423

Information Technologies as Vehicles of Evolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technology contributes to the growth of human knowledge in five distinct, though overlapping, ways: (1) all technologies are material embodiments and thus more or less durable records of ideas that have survived some test with external reality; (2) telescopes, microscopes, and similar technologies extend external experience and knowledge to areas…

Levinson, Paul

424

Does knowledge signify protection? The SEISMOPOLIS centre for improvement of behavior in case of an earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is vastly accepted that earthquake education is the way to earthquake protection. Nonetheless experience demonstrates that knowing what to do does not necessarily result in a better behaviour in case of a real earthquake. A research project titled: "Seismopolis" - "Pilot integrated System for Public Familiarization with Earthquakes and Information on Earthquake Protection" aimed at the improvement of the behaviour of people through an appropriate amalgamation of knowledge transfer and virtually experiencing an earthquake situation. Seismopolis combines well established education means such as books and leaflets with new technologies like earthquake simulation and virtual reality. It comprises a series of 5 main spaces that the visitor passes one-by-one. Space 1. Reception and introductory information. Visitors are given fundamental information on earthquakes and earthquake protection, as well as on the appropriate behaviour in case of an earthquake. Space 2. Earthquake simulation room Visitors experience an earthquake in a room. A typical kitchen is set on a shake table area (3m x 6m planar triaxial shake table) and is shaken in both horizontal and vertical directions by introducing seismographs of real or virtual earthquakes. Space 3. Virtual reality room Visitors may have the opportunity to virtually move around in the building or in the city after an earthquake disaster and take action as in a real-life situation, wearing stereoscopic glasses and using navigation tools. Space 4. Information and resources library Visitors are offered the opportunity to know more about earthquake protection. A series of means are available for this, some developed especially for Seismopolis (3 books, 2 Cds, a website and an interactive table game). Space 5. De-briefing area Visitors may be subjected to a pedagogical and psychological evaluation at the end of their visit and offered support if needed. For the evaluation of the "Seismopolis" Centre, a pilot application of the complete complex took place with the participation of different groups (schoolchildren, university students, adults, elderly persons, emigrants and persons with special needs). This test period recorded positive impression and reaction from the visitors and indicated the pedagogical and psychological appropriateness of the system. Seismopolis is the outcome of collaboration of public, academic and private partners and of a range of disciplines, namely seismologists, geologists, structural engineers, geographers, sociologists and psycologists. It is actually hosted by the Municipality of Rendis in Athens. More information on Seismopolis can be found in www.seismopolis.org .

Dandoulaki, M.; Kourou, A.; Panoutsopoulou, M.

2009-04-01

425

The Concept of Educational Technology: Problems and Prospects of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looked at the concept of educational technology and the problems as well as the prospects of information and communication technology (ICT) in Nigeria. The paper refereed to educational technology as application of engineering principles or technology to instrumentation useful to the process of teaching and learning. The emergence of ICT revolution in Nigeria has affected the development of

S. W. Wodi

426

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review contains eight papers on topics within the field of information science and technology. The papers are divided into three sections as follows: (1) Planning Information Systems and Services, including "Information Ownership and Control" (Tomas A. Lipinski); and "Pricing and Marketing Online Information Services" (Sheila Anne Elizabeth…

Williams, Martha E., Ed.

1999-01-01

427

Information Technologies — Challenges of the 1990S: A Company View  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major challenges of the 1990s in the field of information services have already evolved from the so-called “information explosion” of the latter part of this century — namely, 1. coping with the volume of information and 2. processing it faster. Technologies that are already in place will become more sophisticated to help information specialists process their product to meet

J. Anne Milochik

1991-01-01

428

Technology evolution drives need for greater information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Securing the enterprise perimeter is not enough; we must secure the data itself. This simple idea has taken decades to become a practical technology, and is built upon a foundation of policies and processes.

Richard Levine

2005-01-01

429

[Health Information Technology -where are we heading?].  

PubMed

The current issue of "Harefuah" dedicates a special corner to Health Information Technology (HIT), with a collection of five review papers discussing different areas of the field, focusing on its benefits to the quality of healthcare. In the first paper Topaz and Ash describe the United States MeaningfuL Use project, and list the lessons that the Israeli health system should learn from it. Zelingher and Ash analyze the decision of the Israeli Ministry of Health to move from the old coding system of ICD-9-CM to a combination of SNOMED-CT as a clinical terminology system and ICD-10-CM as the classification coding system. The authors conclude that achieving a standardized, homogenous and thorough coding of problems, diagnoses and procedures will enable interoperability in the Israeli health system. Shalom et al present us to the world of computerized clinical guidelines. They review the different projects that aim to bring tools and methods to transform the paper based guidelines to computer programs that support the everyday decisions that physicians take regarding their patients. The authors focus on their experience in developing methodology, tools and a library of computerized guidelines, and describe their evaluation in several projects. Shahar et al dive deeper to describe the challenge of representing time in cLinicaL guidelines and creating tools to discover new knowledge based on represented known knowledge. These two papers demonstrate the meaningful use of medicaL data. In the last article, Siegal addresses some legal concerns evolving from the HIT revolution, pointing to the emerging concepts in Israeli jurisprudence, which regards medical IT as an important contribution to patient empowerment, aspects of medical risk management and management of national health system resources. In the judgment of the Israeli court, a medical organization will possibly have to take the responsibiLity of not implementing a proven HIT system. This paper concludes with descriptions of two studies evaluating health information systems in Israel. These studies will be presented at the forthcoming conference of the IsraeLi Association of Medical Informatics (ILAMI). PMID:23885446

Ash, Nachman; Levy, Ilan

2013-05-01

430

TIS(Technology Information System): An Intelligent Gateway Computer for Information and Modeling Networks - Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Technology Information System (TIS) is being used to develop software for Intelligent Gateway Computers (IGC) suitable for the prototyping of advanced, integrated information networks. Dedicated to information management, TIS leads the user to availab...

V. E. Hampel C. Bailey R. A. Kawin N. A. Lann S. K. McGrogan

1983-01-01

431

Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review.

Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

2012-01-01

432

US Army information technology management: installation information infrastructure architecture (I3A)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1996 the Information Technology Management Reform Act, now referred to as the Clinger-Cohen Act, called for federal government agencies to “reform acquisition laws and information technology management”-in short-to plan, program, and integrate efforts relating to information technology (IT). The result, Congress expected, would maximize budget dollars while allowing the integration of new and emerging technologies into existing IT structures.

C. E. Davila

2000-01-01

433

Enzyme Technology Digest. An Information Exchange in Enzyme Technology. Volume 5, Number 1, March 1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Enzyme Technology Digest, an information exchange in enzyme technology, is issued three times a year. This issue includes a feature article on the utilization of agricultural wastes--the enzymatic hydrolysis of matrix polysaccharides. A meeting report on ...

1976-01-01

434

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Perry, Mr.

2008-11-18

435

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Science, Vvs E.

2008-12-03

436

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do earthquakes tend to happen in certain locations on Earth? Are there predictable patterns to where earthquakes will occur? The Earth is divided into large tectonic plates that move on a ductile layer of material in the mantle (the Asthenosphere). Earthquakes tend to occur along the boundaries where these plates either collide with one another or try to slide one past the other. Today you will plot on a map the location of every earthquake with a magnitude greater than 4.0 within the past week to see if any patterns appear. You will need Dynamic Crust lab #3 (Earthquake Plotting) from your lab books and your Earth Science Reference Tables. Vocabulary: Use the following website to find definitions to the vocabulary terms in the lab. Geology Dictionary Procedures: Go to this site to find a list of \\"Latest Earthquakes Magnitude 2.5 or Greater in the United States ...

Kio, Mr.

2008-12-06

437

Enhancing baccalaureate nursing information technology outcomes: faculty perspectives.  

PubMed

Baccalaureate nurses must be prepared to meet information technology expectations for practice and future professional development. Therefore, educational programs must evaluate curriculum and student outcomes and address areas for improvement. Faculty members were surveyed regarding barriers and strategies for improving information technology outcomes. Project findings have educational, clinical agency, legal, and policy implications. PMID:18312224

Fetter, Marilyn S

2008-02-19

438

Media Choice for Information Search to Purchase a New Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introducing a new technology into the marketplace can be risky, so it is vital that those who are potential customers have enough information about the technology to decide whether (or not) to make a purchase. For the marketer it is important to undertake an appropriate media strategy so that all the information is available to those who need it, particularly

David Waller; Paul Wang; Mark Morrison; Harmen Oppewal

439

The Empirical Research of Information Technology Construction and Core Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to study information technology construction and core competence in China's coal industry, structural equation model (SEM) is used in this paper. By model theory, research assumptions, model construction, model validation and SEM can effectively reveal the microscopic mechanism of information technology construction and core competence. For illustration, 297 samples were selected from medium-sized independent accounting of state-owned coal

Mingxing Li; Tongjian Zhang

2011-01-01

440

Human resources management main role in information technology project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today the information technology is indeed a base of development for countries and a benchmark practice for leading and successful organizations. Success in this area depends on the success of micro and macro projects of information technology, and this success is not achievable unless all aspects, especially the most valuable element, e.g. the human resources, are considered. Because the policies

Hamid Tohidi

2011-01-01

441

Information technology support to construction design and production  

Microsoft Academic Search

This editorial paper introduces this special issue of the journal by giving an overview of the other papers that follow. It introduces non-construction readers to the nature of the construction process, the different levels of activity within the process, and the generic information technologies being applied in the sector. It then examines the use of information technology (IT) within different

Peter Brandon; Martin Betts; Hans Wamelink

1998-01-01

442

[Information and communication technologies in pediatrics, ethical reflection].  

PubMed

Information and communication technologies play an important role in the field of paediatrics. These aids diversify and supplement information and medical monitoring, and call also transform the helping relationship between the nurse and the child. Some areas of reflection enable these technologies to be approached from an ethical angle. PMID:22616458

Dutier, Aurélien

443

Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

Byrd, Terry Anthony

2001-01-01

444

EXCITE: enabling X-campus information technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

A partnership of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, other university campuses, and state and community colleges has launched a new kind of undergraduate program in information technology (IT). Project EXCITE (enabling x-commonwealth information technology education) is creating a flexible, integrative and innovative curriculum that crosses traditional academic boundaries to provide (1) fluency and motivation for students to employ IT effectively

W. Richards Adrion; Wayne Burleson; Wendy Cooper; William L. Israel; James Kuroses; Kenneth WattJb

2003-01-01

445

OLDER PEOPLE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ARE IDEAL PARTNERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The population trend in Japan, the UK and worldwide is shifting the balance towards a predominantly older population. The current generation of older people has not achieved a familiarity with computer and information technology through their work and leisure. Information technology, however, offers older people an opportunity to participate more fully as citizens and to have a more satisfying social

NORMAN ALM; PETER GREGOR; ALAN F. NEWELL

2002-01-01

446

Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

Newman, Peter

2010-01-01

447

Ergonomics concerns and the impact of healthcare information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US healthcare industry is poised on the verge of a massive expansion of its information technology infrastructure. Healthcare information technology (IT) is permeating numerous areas of healthcare delivery and fundamentally changing the nature of many healthcare jobs. When a comparable expansion in HIT use occurred in the office environment in the 1980s, little attention was paid to ergonomic design

Alan Hedge; Tamara James; Sonja Pavlovic-Veselinovic

2011-01-01

448

The use of health information technology in seven nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the state of health information technology (HIT) adoption and use in seven industrialized nations. Design: We used a combination of literature review, as well as interviews with experts in individual nations, to determine use of key information technologies. Main outcome measures: We examined rates of electronic health record (EHR) use in ambula- tory care and hospital settings,

Ashish K. Jha; David Doolan; Daniel Grandt; Tim Scott; David W. Bates

2008-01-01

449

Homeland security: the possible, probable, and perils of information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is a key component in both defending against and aiding terrorism threats. The author considers the background in making progress with technology, bioterrorism and other forms of terrorism, cybersecurity - national (and global) critical information infrastructure protection, and the possibility of the establishment of a new department, the Department of (National) Homeland Security. He concludes that, more than

Luis G. Kun

2002-01-01

450

SWOT Analysis and Theory of Constraint in Information Technology Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the potential cost and benefit analysis of Information Technology projects. The purpose of this study is to synergize the role of Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis and the Theory of Constraint (TOC) approach in the planning and execution of Information Technology (IT) projects. Due to limited resource availability and much needed timely delivery of

Asghar Sabbaghi; Ganesh Vaidyanathan

2004-01-01

451

The Impact of Information Technology on Emergency Health Care Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the productivity of technology and job design in emergency response systems, or 911 systems.' During the 1990s, many 911 systems adopted Enhanced 911' (E911), where information technology is used to link automatic caller identification to a database of address and location information. A potential benefit to E911 is improved timeliness of the emergency response. We evaluate the

Susan Athey; Scott Stern

2000-01-01

452

Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

453

Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

454

Exploring the relationship between information technology and business process reengineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines a series of relationships between information technology (IT) and business process reengineering (BPR). Specifically, it argues that those aspiring to do business process reengineering must begin to apply the capabilities of information technology. This paper provides a summary of IT roles in initiating and sustaining BPR and examines several companies that have successfully applied IT to reengineering.

Mohsen Attaran

2004-01-01

455

The changing relationship between information technology and society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society and information technology are rapidly co-evolving, and often in surprising ways. The paper considers different views on how society and networked information technology are changing one another. Becoming socialized means learning what kinds of behaviour are appropriate in a given social situation. The increasing trend of digitizing and storing our social and intellectual interactions opens the door to new

Marti A. Hearst

1999-01-01

456

Management, Security, and Congressional Oversight. Federal Government Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report considers the management, use, and congressional oversight of information technology in the Federal Government as rapid advances in technology--e.g., microcomputers, computer networking, computer modeling, videoconferencing, and electronic information exchange--are generating many new applications, opportunities, and issues which are…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

457

Local Government Information Technology Capacity: An Exploratory Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local government has made use of information technology for a long time, but the level of information technology capacity varies tremendously across local governments. While web-based E-government applications development becomes more prevalent, applying newly developed IT continues to depend on the general ability of government to obtain, manage and utilize IT. This paper starts by providing a comprehensive definition of

Hyun Joon Kim; Stuart Bretschneider

2004-01-01

458

Library Information Technology Collaborations at the University of New Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology services and programs at the University of New Mexico are delivered by a mixture of distributed and centralized operations. Collaborations between the distributed services, largely in academic areas, as well as with central Information Technologies have been developed largely around point of need, historical arrangements, and personal interests. Recent changes in the leadership for Academic Affairs, the Office

Martha Bedard; Dale Hendrickson; Rebecca Lubas; Johann Van Reenen

2012-01-01

459

Barriers to integrating information technology in Saudi Arabia science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined current level of information technology integration in science education in the Yanbu school district in Saudi Arabia, and barriers to use. Sub-domains investigated included: infrastructure and resources, policy and support, science teachers' personal beliefs, and staff development. Survey determined demographic data and level of technology implementation, personal computer use, and current instructional practice. Mean frequency of information

Abdulkareem Eid Salamah Al-Alwani

2005-01-01

460

Art as a Source of Information on Horticultural Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Works of art from antiquity to the present constitute an alternate source of information on horticultural technology and science providing significant information on subjects such as the history of technology, crop evolution, lost traits, and crop dispersal. Sources include ancient mosaics, sculpture, illustrations of medieval manu- scripts, renaissance paintings, and illustrations from illuminated and printed herbals. The uses of art

Jules Janick

461

Conversation in cyberspace: informal education and new technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the possibilities and pitfalls of new technology applications to informal education as practised in youth work. Processes and values in informal education are outlined. These include the significance of process and conversation and the commitment to anti-oppressive practice. The application of new technology is measured against this template. Contrasting views from young people and community groups are

Ron Kirby

2001-01-01

462

Embracing Statistical Challenges in the Information Technology Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of statistics in the age of information technology (IT). It begins by examining the current state of IT and of the cyberinfrastructure initiative aimed at integrating the technologies into science, engineering, and education to convert massive amounts of data into useful information. Selected applications from science and text processing are introduced to provide concrete examples

Bin Yu

2007-01-01

463

Pre-service teachers' views on their information technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concern that teachers are being inadequately prepared by their pre-service education to be confident and competent users of information technology remains, despite over a decade of computer availability in education systems. This paper examines the views of 234 pre-service teachers who experienced an information technology component in their teacher education course. It finds that many students have low computer

Glenice Watson

1997-01-01

464

Information Technology Team Projects in Higher Education: An International Viewpoint  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is common to find final or near final year undergraduate Information Technology students undertaking a substantial development project; a project where the students have the opportunity to be fully involved in the analysis, design, and development of an information technology service or product. This involvement has been catalyzed and prepared…

Lynch, Kathy; Heinze, Aleksej; Scott, Elsje

2007-01-01

465

Human Aspects of Information Management for Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of information managers in the transfer of complex technologies. The discussion covers the need for reliable information to assist with the selection of appropriate technologies and market evaluation, to assess the effects of government policies and cultural differences, and to establish training objectives. (19 references)…

Farkas-Conn, Irene S.

1988-01-01

466

User Acceptance of Information Technology: Theories and Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature in user acceptance and resistance to information technology design and implementation. Examines innovation diffusion, technology design and implementation, human-computer interaction, and information systems. Concentrates on the determinants of user acceptance and resistance and emphasizes how researchers and developers can…

Dillon, Andrew; Morris, Michael G.

1996-01-01

467

Approach to Teaching Research Methodology for Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper reports on an approach to teaching a course in information technology research methodology in a doctoral program, the Doctor of Management in Information Technology (DMIT), in which research, with focus on finding innovative solutions to problems found in practice, comprises a significant part of the degree. The approach makes a…

Steenkamp, Annette Lerine; McCord, Samual Alan

2007-01-01

468

AN EXPLORATORY INVESTIGATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ETHICS FACTORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) has proliferated at an unprecedented rate in our society. Technical advances have come quickly yet the social and ethical infrastructure to support these advances has been slow in development. A group of individuals have developed a general code of ethical conduct for information technology professionals to begin to identify the proper ethical choices that IT professionals should

Alan R. Peslak

2006-01-01

469

Lifetime exergy consumption as a sustainability metric for information technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes recent explorations of the use of lifetime exergy consumption as a thermodynamically based metric for sustainability of information technologies. Other proposed thermodynamic metrics are described and compared with life cycle exergy consumption. The pros and cons of different metrics are discussed, and the advantages of life cycle exergy as a metric for information technologies are described. A

David J. Lettieri; Christopher R. Hannemann; V. P. Carey; Amip J. Shah

2009-01-01

470

The information technology era of the vehicular industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT In this note, we discuss the emerging era of information technology in the vehicular industry. After reviewing the motivations leading to the use of information technology in vehicles, we investigate the networking requirements of the necessary communication,system based on IP (Internet Pro- tocol). Existing work that could meet these requirements is highlighted together with some existing projects. We also

Thierry Ernst

2006-01-01

471

Enterprise Information Technology Organizational Flexibility: Managing Uncertainty and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chief Information Officers (CIOs) lead enterprise information technology organizations (EITOs) in today's dynamic competitive business environment. CIOs deal with external and internal environmental changes, changing internal customer needs, and rapidly changing technology. New models for the organization include flexibility and suggest that CIOs…

Patten, Karen Prast

2009-01-01

472

America's New Deficit: The Shortage of Information Technology Workers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

America's New Deficit: The Shortage of Information Technology Workers, a 1997 US Commerce Department Office of Technology Policy study (available in Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only, suggests that the United States "could face a growing shortage of information technology workers that would have severe consequences for U.S. competitiveness, economic growth, and job creation." It provides evidence that fast growing companies have trouble finding enough information technology workers for their operations. As a solution to this problem, the study recommends that the United States develop its labor force skills to maintain its lead in productivity and competitiveness.

1997-01-01

473

The Americans with Disabilities Act and Information Technology Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in information technology have created new employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and other pieces of federal legislation have mandated the provision of reasonable accommodations, including assistive technology, to all individuals who might benefit from them. This article reviews the requirements of relevant legislation, describes various ways in which assistive technology can

Phyllis Mondak

2000-01-01

474

A GROUNDED THEORY ANALYSIS OF OLDER ADULTS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study reported in this article used grounded theory methodology to investigate older adults accounts of their use of information technology (IT). A small number of SeniorNet Wellington members volunteered to be interviewed about their experiences with and opinions about computer technology. It was found that participants began using computers because technology was associated with modern life, leading them to

2000-01-01

475

Information Technology: A Survey from the Perspective of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey of the history and current development of information technology covers hardware (economies of scale, communications technology, magnetic and optical forms of storage), and the evolution of systems software ("tool" software, applications software, and nonprocedural languages). The effect of new computer technologies on human computer…

Van Houweling, Douglas E.

1986-01-01

476

Advances in the application of information technology to sport performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper overviews the diverse information technologies that are used to provide athletes with relevant feedback. Examples taken from various sports are used to illustrate selected applications of technology-based feedback. Several feedback systems are discussed, including vision, audition and proprioception. Each technology described here is based on the assumption that feedback would eventually enhance skill acquisition and sport performance and,

Dario G. Liebermann; Larry Katz; Mike D. Hughes; Roger M. Bartlett; Jim McClements; Ian M. Franks

2002-01-01

477

Child Welfare and Information and Communication Technology: Today's Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Information and communication technology (ICT) usage in contemporary child welfare practice reflects dominant managerial interests rather than those of the profession, and, importantly, of service users. Explicit use of ICT in the interests of service users remains embryonic, and professionals have been slow to capitalize on the communication poten- tial of new technologies. This contrasts with technology uptake in

Susan Tregeagle; Michael Darcy

2008-01-01

478

Earthquake Plotting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity has students gather and plot records of earthquakes. It is designed to be either long or short term, depending on the needs of the instructor. Students will gain practice working with map coordinates while becoming familiar with the frequency of earthquake occurrences, the location and magnitude of earthquakes, and the locations of plate boundaries. In addition, this exercise will illustrate the importance of measurements, data storage, analysis and worldwide scientific collaboration.

Rauch, Arden

479

Improved information processing and dissemination through the introduction of new technology  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topic on information technology: technology signals a liberation; application of information technology; optical character recognition; optical memories; and planning considerations and the future.

Spath, C E; Marsh, Jr, F E

1983-10-01

480

75 FR 55301 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request...Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing...techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted...

2010-09-10

481

75 FR 55303 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request...Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing...techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted...

2010-09-10

482

78 FR 34347 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; the Building Construction Technology Extension...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; the Building Construction Technology Extension Pilot Client Impact...techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted...

2013-06-07

483

Integrated Bibliographic Information System: Integrating Resources by Integrating Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC), an organization charged with providing information services to the Department of Defense (DoD) scientific and technical community, actively seeks ways to promote resource sharing as a means for speeding access to information while reducing the costs of information processing throughout the technical…

Cotter, Gladys A.; Hartt, Richard W.

484

What is GIS? Biomanufacturing Information and Communications Technologies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ATETV project delivers web-based videos to connect students to careers in advanced technology. This episode from ATETV asks the question, "What is GIS?" and explores biomanufacturing and information and communications technologies. The episode can be watched in full or through the three segments: "What is GIS?," "Biomanufacturing Products from Living Cells," and "Information and Communications Technologies." Running time for the full episode of this streaming video is 7:22.

2010-07-20

485

Information Technology Impact on Business Practices: The Ucla Bit Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Business and Information Technologies (BIT) project at UCLA includes a survey aimed at providing a base line study of\\u000a the impact of technology on business practice. The study documents the information technology driven changes that are occurring\\u000a across a wide spectrum of industry sectors in the United States and Canada. Changes in the nature of the workplace, B2C relationships,

Uday S. Karmarkarand; Vandana Mangal

486

Factors affecting professional competence of information technology professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design and development of effective information technology (IT) based systems depends upon a staff of competent information technology professionals (ITPs). Due to the rapid pace of technological innovation, diverging application of IT, and changing role responsibilities of ITPs, it is becoming increasingly difficult for ITPs to maintain up-to-date professional competency.Although not extensively examined in IT research, professional obsolescence threats have

J. Ellis Blanton; Thomas Schambach; Kenneth J. Trimmer

1998-01-01

487

Information Technology, E-Learning and Organizational Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces and argues that e-learning supported by information technology can enhance organizational learning, through which firms can gain competitive advantage and improve firm performance. By synthesizing the evidence in organizational learning, information technology and e-learning researches, it is proved that e-learning technologies and techniques can encourage and facilitate organizational learning by transforming tacit knowledge into explicit one and

Jiping Zhu

2009-01-01

488

Hidden earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

Seismologists generally look for earthquakes to happen along visible fault lines, e.g., the San Andreas fault. The authors maintain that another source of dangerous quakes has been overlooked: the release of stress along a fault that is hidden under a fold in the earth's crust. The paper describes the differences between an earthquake which occurs on a visible fault and one which occurs under an anticline and warns that Los Angeles greatest earthquake threat may come from a small quake originating under downtown Los Angeles, rather than a larger earthquake which occurs 50 miles away at the San Andreas fault.

Stein, R.S.; Yeats, R.S.

1989-06-01

489

Information Technology Services Newsletter: Summer 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

ITS Summer 2005 Newsletter\\u000aC O N T E N T S Gene Spafford, Technology Survey - 1 Faculty\\/Staff Technology Initiative Update - 2 Interactive Pen Display Workshop, Updates, Data Storage Procedures - 3 SLN Update, Tech Events, New Staff - 4 Staff News - 5 ITS A TEAM Concept - 6 Diane White - 7 Franziska Frey - 8

Mary Jo Orzech

2005-01-01

490

UH Information Technology Services: Faculty Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Universities are increasingly looking toward technology to overcome geographical barriers to access, and this has placed new demands on faculty to explore the potential of technology in their classrooms. As a result, faculty development in the use of appropriate applications for teaching and learning has become a critical issue. In the 2000…

Okimoto, Hae

2002-01-01

491

Fast and Robust Inversion of Earthquake Source Rupture Process with Applications to Earthquake Emergency Response  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fast and robust technique for inversion of earthquake source rupture process was developed and applied to some of the recent significant earthquakes worldwide. Since May 2008, source rupture processes of about 20 significant earthquakes worldwide were inverted by using the newly developed technique and the inverted results were timely released on the website within 3 to 5 hours after the occurrence of the earthquakes. These earthquakes included the MW7.8 Wenchuan, Sichuan, earthquake of 12 May 2008, the MW 6.3 L’Aquila, Italy, earthquake of 6 April 2009, the MW 7.0 Haiti earthquake of 12 January 2010, the MW 8.8 Chile earthquake of 27 February, 2010, the MW 6.5 Jiaxian, Taiwan, earthquake of 4 March 2010, the MW7.2 Mexico earthquake of 4 April 2010, the MW7.8 Sumatra earthquake of 6 April 2010, and the MW6.9 Yushu, Qinghai, earthquake of 14 April 2010. It is found that in addition to the usual earthquake source parameters, the fast inverted results of the spatial-temporal rupture process of the earthquake sources provided important information such as the possible disastrous areas and the timely release of these results proved very useful to earthquake emergency response and seismic disaster relief efforts.

Chen, Y.; Zhang, Y.

2010-12-01

492

Information to Change the World--Fulfilling the Information Needs of Technology Transfer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an introduction to fulfilling the information needs of technology transfer. Highlights include a definition of technology transfer; government and university involvement; industry's role; publishers; an annotated list of information sources and contacts; technology assessment, including patent searching, competitive intelligence, and…

Duberman, Josh; Zeller, Martin

1996-01-01

493

Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) Technical Accomplishments, 2002. Enabling a Better Future.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information Technology Laboratory's (ITL) core purpose is to enable a better future through information technology. The mission of ITL is to develop and promote measurement, standards, and technology for information technology (IT) to enhance producti...

2002-01-01

494

Measurement of the intensity of global information technology usage: quantitizing the value of a firm’s information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing convergence of international markets, a greater number of firms are entering the global arena. As these firms compete in the global marketplace, they utilize information technology to formulate and implement strategies and to control and coordinate their resources. This increased dependence on information technology by the firm leads to the following question: how do firms measure the

Toru Sakaguchi; C. Clay Dibrell

1998-01-01

495

Assessing an automated, information-sharing technology in the post \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the wake of the “9-11” terrorists' attacks, the U.S. Government has turned to information technology (IT) to address a lack of information sharing among law enforcement agencies. This research determined if and how information-sharing technology helps law enforcement by examining the differences in perception of the value of IT between law enforcement officers who have access to automated regional

Martin J Zaworski

2004-01-01

496

Information Technology to Support Improved Care For Chronic Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  In populations with chronic illness, outcomes improve with the use of care models that integrate clinical information, evidence-based\\u000a treatments, and proactive management of care. Health information technology is believed to be critical for efficient implementation\\u000a of these chronic care models. Health care organizations have implemented information technologies, such as electronic medical\\u000a records, to varying degrees. However, considerable uncertainty remains regarding

Alexander S. Young; Edmund Chaney; Rebecca Shoai; Laura Bonner; Amy N. Cohen; Brad Doebbeling; David Dorr; Mary K. Goldstein; Eve Kerr; Paul Nichol; Ruth Perrin

2007-01-01

497

Information Technology and the Teaching Role of the College Librarian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reference librarians have a unique opportunity to encourage the development of lifelong self-directed information-seeking skills by introducing college students to information technology and its effective use. Educators now emphasize the need for students to be capable of lifelong learning outside-the formal classroom setting. At the same time, information technology is playing an increasingly larger role in students' personal and professional

Kelly L. K. Collins; Sharon Nelson Takacs

1993-01-01

498

Building information modeling based on intelligent parametric technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to push the information organization process of the building industry, promote sustainable architectural design and\\u000a enhance the competitiveness of China’s building industry, the author studies building information modeling (BIM) based on\\u000a intelligent parametric modeling technology. Building information modeling is a new technology in the field of computer aided\\u000a architectural design, which contains not only geometric data, but also

Xudong Zeng; Jie Tan

2007-01-01

499

BBC News: Italy's Earthquake History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This BBC News article lists the long line of earthquake history in Italy from the year 1693 to 1997. The article describes the intensity and also the damages caused by each earthquake. Images and links for further information are included as well.

2009-04-14