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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center contains information on seismology and tsunami research, education and outreach projects, and earthquake preparedness. There are also maps, reports, and a database on recent earthquakes and a map of historical Alaskan earthquakes, active faults, and rupture zones.

2

National Earthquake Information Center: Earthquake Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site enables the user to access a vast database of earthquakes. Searches may be done using a number of different geographic approaches: a Global or Worldwide search, a Rectangular search by specifying latitudes and longitudes of a rectangular area, and a Circular search by specifying the center latitude and longitude coordinates and a radius. Additional parameters, including dates of events, places of events, magnitude, depth and intensity can be specified before engaging in a search. The results of each search can be viewed in a variety of formats. Users may also view information and data on the following pages: Near Real Time Earthquake List, Current and General Earthquake Information, Seismograph Station Codes, Earthquake Information Sources, Routine U.S. Mining Seismicity, U.S. National Seismograph Networks, Today in Earthquake History, Large Earthquakes in 2001, and Earthquake E-mail Notification. Links to other U.S. Geological Survey earthquake websites are provided.

3

Southern California Earthquake Center/Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (SCEC/UseIT): Towards the Next Generation of Internship  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SCEC/UseIT internship program is training the next generation of earthquake scientist, with methods that can be adapted to other disciplines. UseIT interns work collaboratively, in multi-disciplinary teams, conducting computer science research that is needed by earthquake scientists. Since 2002, the UseIT program has welcomed 64 students, in some two dozen majors, at all class levels, from schools around the nation. Each summer''s work is posed as a ``Grand Challenge.'' The students then organize themselves into project teams, decide how to proceed, and pool their diverse talents and backgrounds. They have traditional mentors, who provide advice and encouragement, but they also mentor one another, and this has proved to be a powerful relationship. Most begin with fear that their Grand Challenge is impossible, and end with excitement and pride about what they have accomplished. The 22 UseIT interns in summer, 2005, were primarily computer science and engineering majors, with others in geology, mathematics, English, digital media design, physics, history, and cinema. The 2005 Grand Challenge was to "build an earthquake monitoring system" to aid scientists who must visualize rapidly evolving earthquake sequences and convey information to emergency personnel and the public. Most UseIT interns were engaged in software engineering, bringing new datasets and functionality to SCEC-VDO (Virtual Display of Objects), a 3D visualization software that was prototyped by interns last year, using Java3D and an extensible, plug-in architecture based on the Eclipse Integrated Development Environment. Other UseIT interns used SCEC-VDO to make animated movies, and experimented with imagery in order to communicate concepts and events in earthquake science. One movie-making project included the creation of an assessment to test the effectiveness of the movie''s educational message. Finally, one intern created an interactive, multimedia presentation of the UseIT program.

Perry, S.; Benthien, M.; Jordan, T. H.

2005-12-01

4

Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (UseIT): Preparing Students for the Twenty-First Century Work Force via a Multidisciplinary and Collaborative Learning Experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UseIT is one of the three undergraduate research programs sponsored by the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC). The program allows students to work in multi-disciplinary collaborative teams to tackle a scientific “Grand Challenge.” The topic varies each year but it always entails performing computer science research that is needed by earthquake scientists, educators, and other target audiences. The program allows undergraduates to use the advanced tools of information technology to solve important problems in interdisciplinary earthquake research. Since the program began in 2002, 145 students have participated in UseIT. The program stresses problem solving and interdisciplinary cross training. A key aspect of the UseIT program is its flexible, yet structured, team approach. Students share their diverse skills and interests, creating a powerful synergy through this peer mentoring. The majority of UseIT interns have considerable computer science skill or aptitude, but successful UseIT interns have hailed from nearly three-dozen disciplines, all class levels, and all skill levels. Successful UseIT interns have in common a willingness to step outside their comfort zones and try new things. During the 2009 internship the focus of the program was to deliver SCEC Virtual Display of Objects (VDO) images and animations of faults and earthquake sequences to SCEC, the Earthquake Country Alliance, and other virtual organizations via a content management system that captures the metadata and guides the user. SCEC-VDO is the SCEC intern-developed visualization software that allows the user to see earthquake related phenomena in three and four dimensions. The 2009 Grand Challenge had special relevance for the interns because the products they created were used for The Great California ShakeOut. This talk will discuss lessons learned from this program, how it addresses the needs of the 21st century STEM work force, and highlights of the 2009 internship.

Degroot, R. M.; Jordan, T. H.; Benthien, M. L.; Ihrig, M.; Berti, R.

2009-12-01

5

Southern California Earthquake Center\\/Undergraduate Studies in Earthquake Information Technology (SCEC\\/UseIT): Towards the Next Generation of Internship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SCEC\\/UseIT internship program is training the next generation of earthquake scientist, with methods that can be adapted to other disciplines. UseIT interns work collaboratively, in multi-disciplinary teams, conducting computer science research that is needed by earthquake scientists. Since 2002, the UseIT program has welcomed 64 students, in some two dozen majors, at all class levels, from schools around the

S. Perry; M. Benthien; T. H. Jordan

2005-01-01

6

Earthquake Research Reveals New Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief, three-part report focuses on NSF-sponsored earthquake safety projects. The first section is on the Simmillennium Project, which investigates computer earthquake modeling techniques. The second section concentrates on hospitals, which are particularly difficult to retrofit for earthquake safety because of the sophisticated diagnostic and treatment systems they contain. The report also gives news of a safety engineering project for elementary school students created by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center.

2001-01-01

7

New Technology to Help Measurement and Study of Earthquakes  

NSF Publications Database

... movements of earthquake faults throughout southern California. This information should help ... in decades," says Tom Henyey, director of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) in Los ...

8

Diffusion of new technology, health services and information after a crisis: a focus group study of the Sichuan "5.12" Earthquake.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: The Sichuan "5.12" Earthquake in 2008 occurred in a relatively underdeveloped area in China. The rainy weather, the mountainous environment and the local languages all posed major challenges to the dissemination of information and services after the disaster. By adopting a communication perspective, this study applies the diffusion of innovations theory to investigate how healthcare professionals diffused health technologies, health information and services during the rescue and relief operation. METHOD: The authors conducted three focus group sessions with the health professionals who had attended to the rescue and relief work of the Sichuan "5.12" Earthquake in 2008. A range of questions regarding the diffusion of innovations were asked during these sessions. RESULTS: The health professionals used their cell phones to communicate with other healthcare providers, disseminated knowledge of health risks and injuries to affected residents with pamphlets and posters and attended daily meetings at the local government offices. They reported on the shortage of maritime satellite cell phones and large-size tents for medical use, and the absence of fully equipped ambulances. Volunteers, local health professionals and local officials provided health information and services in different ways. However, the diffusion of health information and services was less likely to reach those living next to transportation centers, in remote areas and in disaster areas neglected by the media. DISCUSSION: New communication devices such as cell phones and the mobile Internet enabled medical professionals to coordinate the rescue and relief work after this major natural disaster, at a time when the country's emergency response system still had plenty of room for improvement. In future, the mobile Internet should be used as a means of collecting bottom-up disaster reports so that the media will not neglect any disaster areas as they did during the Sichuan Earthquake. Rescue relief work would have been substantially easier if medical teams had been equipped with advanced appliances such as maritime satellite cell phones. "Disaster medicine" should be treated as a separate discipline in medical schools and receive more investment. Moreover, a stronger public health emergency response system is needed for more efficient dispatch and coordination. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:22865745

Zhou, Hong; Shi, Lu; Mao, Yuping; Tang, Juan; Zeng, Yu

2012-08-01

9

An information infrastructure for earthquake science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), in collaboration with the San Diego Supercomputer Center, the USC Information Sciences Institute,IRIS, and the USGS, has received a large five-year grant from the NSF's ITR Program and its Geosciences Directorate to build a new information infrastructure for earthquake science. In many respects, the SCEC\\/ITR Project presents a microcosm of the IT efforts now

T. H. Jordan

2003-01-01

10

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This outline of basic information on earthquakes starts with an explanation of an earthquake, including the forces acting on rock, (tension, compression, and shear) and plastic and elastic deformation of rock. Next, the principle of the seismograph, seismometer, and seismogram along with the three types of seismic waves are discussed. Information is then presented to help the student distinguish between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, describe the world-wide distribution pattern of earthquake activity, and explain the earthquake magnitude (Richter) scale and the Modified Mercalli scale of earthquake intensity. This site also includes an explanation of how the epicenter of an earthquake can be located. There is a discussion of some past earthquakes along with a description of the effects of earthquake activity.

Gore, Pamela

11

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

... for Pet Owners Frequently Asked Questions Additional Information Tornadoes Preparing for a Tornado (Part 1 of 2) ... Severe Weather Earthquakes Extreme Heat Floods Hurricanes Landslides Tornadoes Tsunamis Volcanoes Wildfires Winter Weather Earthquakes Language: English ...

12

Stability assessment of structures under earthquake hazard through GRID technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents a GRID framework to estimate the vulnerability of structures under earthquake hazard. The tool has been designed to cover the needs of a typical earthquake engineering stability analysis; preparation of input data (pre-processing), response computation and stability analysis (post-processing). In order to validate the application over GRID, a simplified model of structure under artificially generated earthquake records has been implemented. To achieve this goal, the proposed scheme exploits the GRID technology and its main advantages (parallel intensive computing, huge storage capacity and collaboration analysis among institutions) through intensive interaction among the GRID elements (Computing Element, Storage Element, LHC File Catalogue, federated database etc.) The dynamical model is described by a set of ordinary differential equations (ODE's) and by a set of parameters. Both elements, along with the integration engine, are encapsulated into Java classes. With this high level design, subsequent improvements/changes of the model can be addressed with little effort. In the procedure, an earthquake record database is prepared and stored (pre-processing) in the GRID Storage Element (SE). The Metadata of these records is also stored in the GRID federated database. This Metadata contains both relevant information about the earthquake (as it is usual in a seismic repository) and also the Logical File Name (LFN) of the record for its later retrieval. Then, from the available set of accelerograms in the SE, the user can specify a range of earthquake parameters to carry out a dynamic analysis. This way, a GRID job is created for each selected accelerogram in the database. At the GRID Computing Element (CE), displacements are then obtained by numerical integration of the ODE's over time. The resulting response for that configuration is stored in the GRID Storage Element (SE) and the maximum structure displacement is computed. Then, the corresponding Metadata containing the response LFN, earthquake magnitude and maximum structure displacement is also stored. Finally, the displacements are post-processed through a statistically-based algorithm from the available Metadata to obtain the probability of collapse of the structure for different earthquake magnitudes. From this study, it is possible to build a vulnerability report for the structure type and seismic data. The proposed methodology can be combined with the on-going initiatives to build a European earthquake record database. In this context, Grid enables collaboration analysis over shared seismic data and results among different institutions.

Prieto Castrillo, F.; Boton Fernandez, M.

2009-04-01

13

Scientific Information Platform for the 2008 Great Wenchuan Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 2008 MS 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake is one of the deadliest in recent human history. This earthquake has not just united the whole world to help local people to lead their life through the difficult time, it has also fostered significant global cooperation to study this event from various aspects: including pre-seismic events (such as the seismicity, gravity, electro-magnetic fields, well water level, radon level in water etc), co-seismic events (fault slipping, landslides, man-made structure damages etc) and post-seismic events (such as aftershocks, well water level changing etc) as well as the disaster relief efforts. In the last four years, more than 300 scientific articles have been published on peer-reviewed journals, among them about 50% are published in Chinese, 30% in English, and about 20% in both languages. These researches have advanced our understanding of earthquake science in general. It has also sparked open debates in many aspects. Notably, the role of the Zipingpu reservoir (built not long ago before the earthquake) in the triggering of this monstrous earthquake is still one of many continuing debates. Given that all these articles are ssporadically spread out on different journals and numerous issues and in different languages, it can be very inefficient, sometimes impossible, to dig out the information that are in need. The Earthquake Research Group in the Chengdu University of Technology (ERGCDUT) has initiated an effort to develop an information platform to collect and analyze scientific research on or related to this earthquake, the hosting faults and the surrounding tectonic regions. A preliminary website has been setup for this purpose: http://www.wenchuaneqresearch.org. Up to this point (July 2012), articles published in 6 Chinese journals and 7 international journals have been collected. Articles are listed journal by journal, and also grouped by contents into four major categories, including pre-seismic events, co-seismic events, post-seismic events and seismic hazard. A detailed statistic analyses of all articles will be given. I will also explore in details on some topics in hot debates, such as the Zipingpu reservior's role in the triggering of this event, the prediction efforts made by Chinese researchers. I will specifically concentrate on articles of pre-seismic events and co-seismic events reported in Chinese because these information may be of special interests to non-Chinese speakers.

Liang, C.

2012-12-01

14

Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a problem commonly encountered in library automation projects: the conversion from existing card catalog formats to machine readable catalog (MARC) records. Catalog formats, the advantages of full versus limited records, changing computer technology, the advantages of full MARC records, and record standardization are among the topics…

Marcum, Deanna; Boss, Richard

1982-01-01

15

Harnessing the Collective Power of Eyewitnesses for Improved Earthquake Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Euro-Med Seismological Centre (EMSC) operates the second global earthquake information website (www.emsc-csem.org) which attracts 2 million visits a month from about 200 different countries. We collect information about earthquakes' effects from eyewitnesses such as online questionnaires, geolocated pics to rapidly constrain impact scenario. At the beginning, the collection was purely intended to address a scientific issue: the rapid evaluation of earthquake's impact. However, it rapidly appears that the understanding of eyewitnesses' expectations and motivations in the immediate aftermath of an earthquake was essential to optimise this data collection. Crowdsourcing information on earthquake's effects does not apply to a pre-existing community. By definition, eyewitnesses only exist once the earthquake has struck. We developed a strategy on social networks (Facebook, Google+, Twitter...) to interface with spontaneously emerging online communities of eyewitnesses. The basic idea is to create a positive feedback loop: attract eyewitnesses and engage with them by providing expected earthquake information and services, collect their observations, collate them for improved earthquake information services to attract more witnesses. We will present recent examples to illustrate how important the use of social networks is to engage with eyewitnesses especially in regions of low seismic activity where people are unaware of existing Internet resources dealing with earthquakes. A second type of information collated in our information services is derived from the real time analysis of the traffic on our website in the first minutes following an earthquake occurrence, an approach named flashsourcing. We show, using the example of the Mineral, Virginia earthquake that the arrival times of eyewitnesses of our website follows the propagation of the generated seismic waves and then, that eyewitnesses can be considered as ground motion sensors. Flashsourcing discriminates felt earthquakes within, as an average 90s of their occurrence, and can map, in certain cases, the damaged areas. Thanks to the flashsourced and crowdsourced information, we developed an innovative Twitter earthquake information service (currently under test and to be open by November) which intends to offer notifications for earthquakes that matter for the public only. It provides timely information for felt and damaging earthquakes regardless their magnitude and heads-up for seismologists. In conclusion, the experience developed at the EMSC demonstrates the benefit of involving eyewitnesses in earthquake surveillance. The data collected directly and indirectly from eyewitnesses complement information derived from monitoring networks and contribute to improved services. By increasing interaction between science and society, it opens new opportunities for raising awareness on seismic hazard.

Bossu, R.; Lefebvre, S.; Mazet-Roux, G.; Steed, R.

2013-12-01

16

Assessing Lay Understanding of Common Presentations of Earthquake Hazard Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities (WGCEP) includes, in its introduction to earthquake rupture forecast maps, the assertion that "In daily living, people are used to making decisions based on probabilities -- from the flip of a coin (50% probability of heads) to weather forecasts (such as a 30% chance of rain) to the annual chance of being killed by lightning (about 0.0003%)." [3] However, psychology research identifies a large gap between lay and expert perception of risk for various hazards [2], and cognitive psychologists have shown in numerous studies [1,4-6] that people neglect, distort, misjudge, or misuse probabilities, even when given strong guidelines about the meaning of numerical or verbally stated probabilities [7]. The gap between lay and expert use of probability needs to be recognized more clearly by scientific organizations such as WGCEP. This study undertakes to determine how the lay public interprets earthquake hazard information, as presented in graphical map form by the Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast (UCERF), compiled by the WGCEP and other bodies including the USGS and CGS. It also explores alternate ways of presenting hazard data, to determine which presentation format most effectively translates information from scientists to public. Participants both from California and from elsewhere in the United States are included, to determine whether familiarity -- either with the experience of an earthquake, or with the geography of the forecast area -- affects people's ability to interpret an earthquake hazards map. We hope that the comparisons between the interpretations by scientific experts and by different groups of laypeople will both enhance theoretical understanding of factors that affect information transmission and assist bodies such as the WGCEP in their laudable attempts to help people prepare themselves and their communities for possible natural hazards. [1] Kahneman, D & Tversky, A (1979). Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk. Econometrica, XLVII: 263-291. [2] Fischhoff, B, Slovic, P, Lichtenstein, S, Read, S & Combs, B (1978). How safe is safe enough? A psychometric study of attitudes towards technological risks and benefits. Pol Sci, 9, 127-152. [3] http://www.scec.org/ucerf/ [4] Hau, R, Pleskac, TJ, Kiefer, J & Hertwig, R (2008). The Description-Experience Gap in Risky Choice: The Role of Sample Size and Experienced Probabilities. J Behav Decis Making, 21: 493-518. [5] Lichtenstein, S, Slovic, P, Fischhoff, B, Layman, M & Combs, B (1978). Judged frequency of lethal events. J Exp Psy: Human Learning and Memory, 4, 551-578. [6] Hertwig, R, Barron, G, Weber, EU & Erev, I (2006). The role of information sampling in risky choice. In K Fiedler & P Juslin (Eds), Information sampling and adaptive cognition. Pp 75-91. New York: Cambridge University Press. [7] Budescu, DV, Broomell, S & Por HH (2009). Improving communication of uncertainty in the reports of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Psychol Sci, 20(3), 299-308.

Thompson, K. J.; Krantz, D. H.

2010-12-01

17

Earthquake Hazard Information: Photos of Earthquake Damage, Modes of building Failure Part 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents photos of some building damage from notable earthquakes and some associated intensity maps. This information will help students recognize the types of damage done to structures by earthquakes. The examples are classified by the dominant mode of failure observed and include soft first story collapse, mid-story building collapse, buildings shifted off of their foundations, freeway collapse and several collapsed columns.

Braile, Larry

18

Information Technology: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This selective annotated bibliography lists 86 references on the following topics: future technology for libraries, library automation, paperless information systems; computer conferencing and electronic mail, videotext systems, videodiscs, communications technology, networks, information retrieval, cataloging, microcomputers, and minicomputers.…

Wright, William F.; Hawkins, Donald T.

1981-01-01

19

Information Technology for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers address technological, behavioral, and philosophical aspects of the application of information technology to training. Topics include instructional technology centers, intelligent training systems, distance learning, automated task analysis, training system selection, the importance of instructional methods, formative evaluation and…

Snyder, Cathrine E.; And Others

1990-01-01

20

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

21

Information Technology Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses accountability concerns in higher education regarding the value of information technology expenditures and applications and suggests the importance of institutional information technology plans. Topics include academic libraries and information technology plans; plan structures; writing a plan; and recommended sections to include in an…

Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

22

Earthquakes Canada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the earthquake information page of the Natural Resources Canada Geologic Survey. It contains links to reports, maps, and lists of recent earthquakes, information and hazards as well as earthquake research and network and data archives. Links also connect to information on earthquake hazards, products and publications, a site to report earthquakes, and a link to other earthquake resources.

23

Probabilistic Information Integration Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Statistical Sciences Group at Los Alamos has successfully developed a structured, probabilistic, quantitative approach for the evaluation of system performance based on multiple information sources, called Information Integration Technology (IIT). The...

J. M. Booker M. A. Meyer S. Keller-McNulty S. Reese A. G. Wilson

2001-01-01

24

Information Technology Resources Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is being published as a companion document to the Department of Energy (DOE) FY 1994--FY 1998 Information Resources Management Long-Range Plan. This document represents a collaborative effort between the Office of Information Resources Management and the Office of Energy Research that was undertaken to achieve, in part, the Technology Strategic Objective of IRM Vision 21. An integral part of this objective, technology forecasting provides an understanding of the information technology horizon and presents a perspective and focus on technologies of particular interest to DOE program activities. Specifically, this document provides site planners with an overview of the status and use of new information technology for their planning consideration.

Not Available

1993-04-01

25

Quantum Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the research laboratories of Hewlett Packard, Quantum Information Technology provides an informative look at current work in quantum information processing and communication (QIPC). The report, published in November 2002, recognizes the potential applications of QIPC and how it could revolutionize conventional information technology. It cites cryptography, quantum computers, and quantum teleportation as motivational factors for development of this technology, offering a basic introduction to each discipline. The paper concludes with an analysis of the direction current research is taking and what the future may hold. Several links to further sources of information are also included.

Spiller, Timothy.

2002-01-01

26

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will participate in a virtual earthquake lab where they will locate an epicenter and measure Richter Scale magnitude. They will also plot the positions of earthquakes that occurred that day. 1) Go to Virtual Earthquake website and follow instructions to complete the online lab assignment. 2) Go to the USGS earthquake site. Take a few minutes to explore the earthquakes displayed on the world map. Click on \\"M2.5/4+ Earthquake List\\". Use the world map provided by your teacher to plot the locations ...

Hemedinger, Mrs.

2007-11-26

27

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students explore the causes of earthquakes and their impact on the geology of an area and on human societies. They begin by looking at the role tectonic plates play in creating the forces that cause earthquakes, to help them understand why earthquakes occur when and where they do. Hands-on activities illustrate how rocks can withstand a certain amount of stress, but that every material has its breaking point. When rocks break underground, an earthquake occurs. In the last section, students explore the impact earthquakes have on humans and look at the efforts scientists are making to better understand and predict these sometimes deadly events.

2006-01-01

28

Arkansas Technology Information System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arkansas Technology Information System (ARTIS) was developed to fill a significant void in existing systems of technical support to Arkansans with disabilities by creating and maintaining a consumer-responsive statewide system of data storage and retrieval regarding assistive technology and services. ARTIS goals also include establishment of a…

VanBiervliet, Alan; Parette, Howard P., Jr.

29

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis in Information Technology (IT) development has shifted from technology management to information management, and the tools of information management are increasingly at the disposal of end-users, people who deal with information. Moreover, the interactive capabilities of technologies such as hypertext, scientific visualization, virtual reality, video conferencing, and even database management systems have placed in the hands of users a significant amount of discretion over how these resources will be used. The emergence of high-performance networks, as well as network operating systems, improved interoperability, and platform independence of applications will eliminate technical barriers to the use of data, increase the power and range of resources that can be used cooperatively, and open up a wealth of possibilities for new applications. The very scope of these prospects for the immediate future is a problem for the IT planner or administrator. Technology procurement and implementation, integration of new technologies into the existing infrastructure, cost recovery and usage of networks and networked resources, training issues, and security concerns such as data protection and access to experiments are just some of the issues that need to be considered in the emerging IT environment. As managers we must use technology to improve competitiveness. When procuring new systems, we must take advantage of scalable resources. New resources such as distributed file systems can improve access to and efficiency of existing operating systems. In addition, we must assess opportunities to improve information worker productivity and information management through tedmologies such as distributed computational visualization and teleseminar applications.

Loken, S.C. [ed.

1993-01-01

30

Fluency With Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSC 110. Fluency in Information Technology (3). Information representation, the Internet and HTML, algorithmic thinking and programming, language translation, modeling and abstraction, algorithmic complexity and non-computability, machine architecture and parallel computation, networks and communication, database principles, multimedia, social impacts of computing.

Smith, Harry

2003-04-08

31

Women in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a major concern about the drop of young women entering Computer Science degree programs and a drop in the participation of women in these information technology occupations. In all levels of educational institutions across the nation, girls and women remain under-represented in computer and information science studies and subsequently,…

Wentling, Rose Mary; Thomas, Steven P.

2004-01-01

32

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year's Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. (ed.)

1992-01-01

33

Information technology resources assessment  

SciTech Connect

This year`s Information Technology Resources Assessment (ITRA) is something of a departure from traditional practice. Past assessments have concentrated on developments in fundamental technology, particularly with respect to hardware. They form an impressive chronicle of decreasing cycle times, increasing densities, decreasing costs (or, equivalently, increasing capacity and capability per dollar spent), and new system architectures, with a leavening of operating systems and languages. Past assessments have aimed -- and succeeded -- at putting information technology squarely in the spotlight; by contrast, in the first part of this assessment, we would like to move it to the background, and encourage the reader to reflect less on the continuing technological miracles of miniaturization in space and time and more on the second- and third-order implications of some possible workplace applications of these miracles. This Information Technology Resources Assessment is intended to provide a sense of technological direction for planners in projecting the hardware, software, and human resources necessary to support the diverse IT requirements of the various components of the DOE community. It is also intended to provide a sense of our new understanding of the place of IT in our organizations.

Stevens, D.F. [ed.

1992-01-01

34

Information and communication technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF) commissioned a panel of U.S. experts to study the international status of satellite communications systems and technology. The study covers emerging systems concepts, applications, services, and the attendant technologies. The panel members traveled to Europe, Japan, and Russia to gather information firsthand. They visited 17 sites in Europe, 20 in Japan, and 4 in Russia. These included major manufacturers, government organizations, service providers, and associated research and development facilities. The panel's report was reviewed by the sites visited, by the panel, and by representatives of U.S. industry. The report details the information collected and compares it to U.S. activities.

Edelson, Burton I.; Pelton, Joseph N.; Bostian, Charles W.; Brandon, William T.; Chan, Vincent W. S.; Hager, E. Paul; Helm, Neil R.; Jennings, Raymond D.; Kwan, Robert K.; Mahle, Christoph E.

1994-01-01

35

Information Technology: Training & Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video excerpted from Pathways to Technology, you'll learn about the wide range of jobs that an information technology (IT) degree can make possible. From PCs to smartphones to cars, almost every tool we use today has computer technology embedded in it. The IT specialist is the person who keeps those computers operating and finds ways to make them run faster and more smoothly, so we can all get our work done.The video runs 1:37 and is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can save the resource and download the video as well.

2012-05-30

36

Information and Communication Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Communication is a central aspect of all our lives. Today, our modes of communication are highly dependent on technologies such as the internet, wireless networks, phones, and computers. This issue of Topic in Depth explores the ways these forms of communication are part of our lives and highlights some new directions in communication technology.WordIQ Dictionary and Encyclopedia (1) offers this definition: "Communication is the process of exchanging information usually via a common system of symbols." The website explains some of the key process involved in communication and describes different forms of communication, such as animal communication, interpersonal communication, and computer-mediated communication. Also taking a broad view on communication, this world history website (2) provides some background on the mathematical theories that are used in designing telecommunications systems. The articles highlighted on this website from the Center for the Study of Technology and Society (4) attest to the far reaching influence of communication technology. As research on the MediaLab Europe website suggests (5), we have moved into not just developing technology that mediates interpersonal communication (such as phones) but also creating "intimate and personal connections with and through new technologies." This NSF website (6) also highlights some recent discoveries in Computer Information Science and Engineering. Finally, this article from First Monday (7) discusses the far-reaching effects these new developments in technology and globalization are having on language and learning.

37

California: Library Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes six information technology projects in California libraries, including Internet access in public libraries; digital library developments at the University of California, Berkeley; the World Wide Web home page for the state library; Pacific Bell's role in statewide connectivity; state government initiatives; and services of the state…

Will, Barbara, Ed.

1996-01-01

38

The method of earthquake landslide information extraction with high-resolution remote sensing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a kind of secondary geological disaster caused by strong earthquake, the earthquake-induced landslide has drawn much attention in the world due to the severe hazard. The high-resolution remote sensing, as a new technology for investigation and monitoring, has been widely applied in landslide susceptibility and hazard mapping. The Ms 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake, occurred on 12 May 2008, caused many buildings collapse and half million people be injured. Meanwhile, damage caused by earthquake-induced landslides, collapse and debris flow became the major part of total losses. By analyzing the property of the Zipingpu landslide occurred in the Wenchuan earthquake, the present study advanced a quick-and-effective way for landslide extraction based on NDVI and slope information, and the results were validated with pixel-oriented and object-oriented methods. The main advantage of the idea lies in the fact that it doesn't need much professional knowledge and data such as crustal movement, geological structure, fractured zone, etc. and the researchers can provide the landslide monitoring information for earthquake relief as soon as possible. In pixel-oriented way, the NDVI-differential image as well as slope image was analyzed and segmented to extract the landslide information. When it comes to object-oriented method, the multi-scale segmentation algorithm was applied in order to build up three-layer hierarchy. The spectral, textural, shape, location and contextual information of individual object classes, and GLCM (Grey Level Concurrence Matrix homogeneity, shape index etc. were extracted and used to establish the fuzzy decision rule system of each layer for earthquake landslide extraction. Comparison of the results generated from the two methods, showed that the object-oriented method could successfully avoid the phenomenon of NDVI-differential bright noise caused by the spectral diversity of high-resolution remote sensing data and achieved better result with an overall accuracy of 92.16%, while of the pixel-oriented one could only get 71.32%. As the high-resolution remote sensing has been widely utilized in many fields, the object-oriented image analytical technique will have an extensive application.

Wu, Jian; Chen, Peng; Liu, Yaolin; Wang, Jing

2014-05-01

39

Earthquake!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the types of damage experienced by California State University at Northridge during the 1994 earthquake and what lessons were learned in handling this emergency are discussed. The problem of loose asbestos is addressed. (GR)

Hernandez, Hildo

2000-01-01

40

Earthquakes  

MedlinePLUS

... earthquake is the sudden, rapid shaking of the earth, caused by the breaking and shifting of subterranean ... the forces of plate tectonics have shaped the earth, as the huge plates that form the earth’s ...

41

Earthquakes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

One of the most frightening and destructive phenomena of nature is a severe earthquake and its terrible aftereffects. An earthquake is a sudden movement of the Earth, caused by the abrupt release of strain that has accumulated over a long time. For hundreds of millions of years, the forces of plate tectonics have shaped the Earth as the huge plates that form the Earth's surface slowly move over, under, and past each other. Sometimes the movement is gradual. At other times, the plates are locked together, unable to release the accumulating energy. When the accumulated energy grows strong enough, the plates break free. If the earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause many deaths and injuries and extensive property damage. Today we are challenging the assumption that earthquakes must present an uncontrollable and unpredictable hazard to life and property. Scientists have begun to estimate the locations and likelihoods of future damaging earthquakes. Sites of greatest hazard are being identified, and definite progress is being made in designing structures that will withstand the effects of earthquakes.

Shedlock, Kaye M.; Pakiser, Louis Charles

1998-01-01

42

Performance of Real-time Earthquake Information System in Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Horiuchi et al. (2005) developed a real-time earthquake information system (REIS) using Hi-net, a densely deployed nationwide seismic network, which consists of about 800 stations operated by NIED, Japan. REIS determines hypocenter locations and earthquake magnitudes automatically within a few seconds after P waves arrive at the closest station and calculates focal mechanisms within about 15 seconds. Obtained hypocenter parameters are transferred immediately by using XML format to a computer in Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), who started the service of EEW to special users in June 2005. JMA also developed EEW using 200 stations. The results by the two systems are merged. Among all the first issued EEW reports by both systems, REIS information accounts for about 80 percent. This study examines the rapidity and credibility of REIS by analyzing the 4050 earthquakes which occurred around the Japan Islands since 2005 with magnitude larger than 3.0. REIS re-determines hypocenter parameters every one second according to the revision of waveform data. Here, we discuss only about the results by the first reports. On rapidness, our results show that about 44 percent of the first reports are issued within 5 seconds after the P waves arrives at the closest stations. Note that this 5-second time window includes time delay due to data package and transmission delay of about 2 seconds. REIS waits till two stations detect P waves for events in the network but four stations outside the network so as to get reliable solutions. For earthquakes with hypocentral distance less than 100km, 55 percent of earthquakes are warned in 5 seconds and 87 percent are warned in 10 seconds. Most of events having long time delay are small and triggered by S wave arrivals. About 80 percent of events have difference in epicenter distances less than 20km relative to JMA manually determined locations. Because of the existence of large lateral heterogeneity in seismic velocity, the difference depends on regions and tends to increase when earthquakes occurred outward the network. Depth differences for 70 percent of events are less than 20km and original time differences for 48 percent within one second. In addition to JMA magnitude (MJMA), which is estimated from moment magnitude, REIS estimates a new scaling parameter called intensity magnitude (MI), which is defined from observed P wave seismic intensity (Yamamoto et al., 2008). Our statistical results show that these two kinds of magnitudes are reasonably determined. Either MJMA or MI by REIS for 94 percent of events has differences less than 1.0 compared with reported JMA catalog. However, the difference increases with values of the magnitude. There is an apparent underestimation of MJMA for large earthquakes because the first report is issued when the rupture is still undergoing. Moreover, there are cases when most of Hi-net seismograms close to epicenter are clipped, but still these data are used for the determination of the lower limit of magnitude. We are making an EEWS using real-time strong motion network data for the better estimate of earthquake magnitude and seismic intensity.

Nakamura, H.; Horiuchi, S.; Wu, C.; Yamamoto, S.

2008-12-01

43

National clearinghouse for Loma Prieta earthquake information catalog, April 1992  

SciTech Connect

This catalog lists 142 new citations on the Loma Prieta earthquake. Section titles are: General topics and conference proceedings; Selected topics in seismology; Engineering seismology; Strong-motion seismometry; Dynamics of soils, rocks, and foundations; Dynamics of structures; Earthquake-resistant design and construction; Earthquake damage; and Earthquakes as natural disasters. Included are indexes by author, title, subject, and format.

Not Available

1992-01-01

44

Information technology governance — COBIT model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the concept of information technology audit, shows relationship between audit and IT Management. Information systems provide both the means for organizations to transact business and the ability to report the financial results of their operations. Information technology auditing is an integral part of corporate governance. However, information technology auditing is often looked upon as a \\

Dalibor Radovanovic; Dubravka Lucic; Tijana Radojevic; Marko Sarac

2011-01-01

45

SOCIOECONOMIC BENEFITS OF USING SPACE TECHNOLOGIES TO MONITOR AND RESPOND TO EARTHQUAKES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquakes represent a major hazard for populations around the world, causing frequent loss of life, human suffering and enormous damage to homes, other buildings and infrastructure. The Technology Resources for Earthquake Monitoring and Response (TREMOR) Team of 36 space professionals analysed this problem over the course of the International Space University Summer Session Program and published their recommendations in the

Ian A. Christensen; Lauren E. Fletcher; Jonathan J. Liberda; Jose I. Rojas; Cristina Borrero del Pino

2008-01-01

46

Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an online lesson that can be transferred into a classroom instructional activity by the teacher. This lesson simplifies the concepts while pushing the the higher order thinking concepts with scaffolding all concepts of the layers of the earth, plate tectonics, P and S waves, creating a model of an earthquake. Students enjoy this lesson and have been able to improve on assessment after completing the Earthquake lesson. Teachers will enjoy the online printable worksheets that correlate to the lesson/data sheets and the variety of choices while using the interactive tool for whole group instruction. There are many choices for formative assessment as well as summamtive assessment.

U.S. Geological Survey Joy Lopez, M.A., teacher Scott Hassler, Ph.D. Geologist

2011-10-14

47

Regaining Control Over Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living in postindustrial, 21st-century society means being surrounded by the accoutrements of information technology. Information technology is in people's offices, cars and homes. One third of adults do not deal well with information technology, according to the research of Larry Rosen, psychology professor, author, and pundit. Rosen is the Paul…

Goldsborough, Reid

2005-01-01

48

Children, Information and New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As technological change affects current lifestyles and will continue to affect access to information, children should remain a primary consideration, with new technology serving to provide information to them. The growing importance of information is fundamental to recent technological change based on the development of computers and the silicon…

Cook, John

49

Earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

I HAVE observed, in several recent numbers of NATURE, various notices of earthquakes, so frequent as to suggest the idea to me (perhaps incorrect) that for several months past they have been more numerous than usual. Since my arrival in West Java I have experienced several severe shocks. On March 28, between 7 and 8 P.M., I was startled by

Henry O. Forbes

1879-01-01

50

The U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Summary Posters: A GIS-based Education and Communication Product for Presenting Consolidated Post-Earthquake Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake Summary Posters (ESP's), a new product of the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Program, are produced at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden. The posters consist of rapidly-generated, GIS-based maps made following significant earthquakes worldwide (typically M>7.0, or events of significant media\\/public interest). ESP's consolidate, in an attractive map format, a large-scale epicentral map, several auxiliary regional overviews

A. Tarr; H. Benz; P. Earle; D. J. Wald

2003-01-01

51

Information Technology as Coordination Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business information technology is traditionally viewed as information provision technology. In this view, organizations use their IT to implement databases that provide people with information when they want it. This view is persistent even though information provision is never an end in itself but always has the further purpose to support the coordination of activities of people. The role if

R. J. Wieringa

2006-01-01

52

Earthquakes for Kids and Grownups: Fun and Educational Activities & Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to earthquake-related educational activities for kids, teachers and adults in general. Facts about earthquakes, animations of earthquake activity, ideas for science fair projects and lists of recent earthquakes are provided. Materials for use by teachers are arranged by grade level. Extensive links to other web-based resources are provided. The kid's section includes such fun activities as on line coloring pages and word search puzzles.

53

Twitter as Information Source for Rapid Damage Estimation after Major Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Natural disasters like earthquakes require a fast response from local authorities. Well trained rescue teams have to be available, equipment and technology has to be ready set up, information have to be directed to the right positions so the head quarter can manage the operation precisely. The main goal is to reach the most affected areas in a minimum of time. But even with the best preparation for these cases, there will always be the uncertainty of what really happened in the affected area. Modern geophysical sensor networks provide high quality data. These measurements, however, are only mapping disjoint values from their respective locations for a limited amount of parameters. Using observations of witnesses represents one approach to enhance measured values from sensors ("humans as sensors"). These observations are increasingly disseminated via social media platforms. These "social sensors" offer several advantages over common sensors, e.g. high mobility, high versatility of captured parameters as well as rapid distribution of information. Moreover, the amount of data offered by social media platforms is quite extensive. We analyze messages distributed via Twitter after major earthquakes to get rapid information on what eye-witnesses report from the epicentral area. We use this information to (a) quickly learn about damage and losses to support fast disaster response and to (b) densify geophysical networks in areas where there is sparse information to gain a more detailed insight on felt intensities. We present a case study from the Mw 7.1 Philippines (Bohol) earthquake that happened on Oct. 15 2013. We extract Twitter messages, so called tweets containing one or more specified keywords from the semantic field of "earthquake" and use them for further analysis. For the time frame of Oct. 15 to Oct 18 we get a data base of in total 50.000 tweets whereof 2900 tweets are geo-localized and 470 have a photo attached. Analyses for both national level and locally for the City of Cebu show that Twitter is an important and useful piece to the situational awareness of the earthquake's impact.

Eggert, Silke; Fohringer, Joachim

2014-05-01

54

Collaborative Information Technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Significant effort has been expended to provide infrastructure and to facilitate the remote collaborations within the fusion community and out. Through the Office of Fusion Energy Science Information Technology Initiative, communication technologies utilized by the fusion community are being improved. The initial thrust of the initiative has been collaborative seminars and meetings. Under the initiative 23 sites, both laboratory and university, were provided with hardware required to remotely view, or project, documents being presented. The hardware is capable of delivering documents to a web browser, or to compatible hardware, over ESNET in an access controlled manner. The ability also exists for documents to originate from virtually any of the collaborating sites. In addition, RealNetwork servers are being tested to provide audio and/or video, in a non-interactive environment with MBONE providing two-way interaction where needed. Additional effort is directed at remote distributed computing, file systems, security, and standard data storage and retrieval methods. This work supported by DoE contract No. W-7405-ENG-48

Meyer, William; Casper, Thomas

1999-11-01

55

77 FR 55217 - Health Information Technology Implementation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Services Administration Health Information Technology Implementation AGENCY...Health Service Act) Health Information Technology Implementation for Health...effective use of Health Information Technology (HIT)....

2012-09-07

56

Information Technology in the Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Caribbean possesses many advantages in terms of its potential receptivity to information technology. All the countries in the Caribbean could benefit from greater resource-sharing in the information field. Agencies such as Unesco are sponsoring the development of regional networks, such as CARSTIN, the network for the exchange of information and experience in science and technology for development, and the

Peter Moll

1987-01-01

57

Earthquake.  

PubMed

On January 25, 1 week after the most devastating earthquake in Los Angeles history, the Southern California Hospital Council released the following status report: 928 patients evacuated from damaged hospitals. 805 beds available (136 critical, 669 noncritical). 7,757 patients treated/released from EDs. 1,496 patients treated/admitted to hospitals. 61 dead. 9,309 casualties. Where do we go from here? We are still waiting for the "big one." We'll do our best to be ready when Mother Nature shakes, rattles and rolls. The efforts of Los Angeles City Fire Chief Donald O. Manning cannot be overstated. He maintained department command of this major disaster and is directly responsible for implementing the fire department's Disaster Preparedness Division in 1987. Through the chief's leadership and ability to forecast consequences, the city of Los Angeles was better prepared than ever to cope with this horrendous earthquake. We also pay tribute to the men and women who are out there each day, where "the rubber meets the road." PMID:10133439

Cowen, A R; Denney, J P

1994-04-01

58

Information Technologies for the Information Agent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information agent has requirements in the Information Technology (IT) age that are in everything comparable to those of one hundred years ago. But, despite being similar, they require new forms of implementation due to the evolution of the communication platforms and protocols and to the increase in the amount of information that has to be known, stored, transmitted, and

Sérgio Tenreiro de Magalhães; Henrique Santos; Leonel Duarte Santos

59

National clearinghouse for Loma Prieta earthquake information catalog, November 1991  

SciTech Connect

This catalog lists 440 new citations including recently completed work, abstracts of National Science Foundation research projects in progress, and contributions to the clearinghouse received after April, 1991. Section titles are: General topics and conference proceedings; Selected topics in seismology; Engineering seismology; Strong-motion seismometry; Dynamics of soils, rocks, and foundations; Dynamics of structures; Earthquake-resistant design and construction; Earthquake damage; and Earthquakes as natural disasters. Included are indexes by author, title, subject, and format.

Not Available

1991-01-01

60

National clearinghouse for Loma Prieta earthquake information catalog, April 1991  

SciTech Connect

This catalog provides a descriptive list of 570 newspaper and periodical articles, papers in conference proceedings, maps, slides, videos, technical reports, and strong-motion data generated as a result of the October 17, 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Section titles are: General topics and conference proceedings; Selected topics in seismology; Engineering seismology; Strong-motion seismometry; Dynamics of soils, rocks, and foundations; Dynamics of structures; Earthquake-resistant design and construction; Earthquake damage; and Earthquakes as natural disasters. Included are indexes by author, title, subject, and format.

Not Available

1991-01-01

61

Does Information Released by Current Web-Based Earthquake Monitoring System Provide Benefits for Mitigation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine if the present system can provide enough response time for mitigation and immediate rescue, we designed a prospective study to investigate the reliability of the internet and the timing of earthquake information release from the Central Weather Bureau from November 2001 to April 2002. There were 171 earthquakes with the magnitude greater than 3.0 on the Richter scale.

Hsien-Hung Huang; Hang Chang; Tzong-Luen Wang

2002-01-01

62

New Technology and Information Explosion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A flood of new electronic technologies promises to usher in the Information Age and alter economic and social structures. Telematics, a potent combination of telecommunications and computer technologies, could eventually bring huge volumes of information to great numbers of people by making large data bases accessible to computer terminals in…

Johns, David

63

Information Theoric Framework for the Earthquake Recurrence Models : Methodica Firma Per Terra Non-Firma  

SciTech Connect

This paper first evaluates the earthquake prediction method (1999 ) used by US Geological Survey as the lead example and reviews also the recent models. Secondly, points out the ongoing debate on the predictability of earthquake recurrences and lists the main claims of both sides. The traditional methods and the 'frequentist' approach used in determining the earthquake probabilities cannot end the complaints that the earthquakes are unpredictable. It is argued that the prevailing 'crisis' in seismic research corresponds to the Pre-Maxent Age of the current situation. The period of Kuhnian 'Crisis' should give rise to a new paradigm based on the Information-Theoric framework including the inverse problem, Maxent and Bayesian methods. Paper aims to show that the information- theoric methods shall provide the required 'Methodica Firma' for the earthquake prediction models.

Esmer, Oezcan [Middle East Technical University, Department of City and Regional Planning, Ankara (Turkey)

2006-11-29

64

Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Detailed Statistical Tables Hypertext Format ... Information Technology Innovation Survey: Fall 2001 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Information ...

65

Information Technologies in the Calm Technologies Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information and communication technologies met a culminant evolution even since they appeared, with major achievements that became established in various fields of activity. Currently, one can notice an increased tendency to upgrade from classic computers to other types of equipment, much smaller in size, able to perform similar functions, such as PDA's or mobile phones. Also, the expansion of wireless

Laura-Diana Genete

2009-01-01

66

88 hours: the U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center response to the March 11, 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The M 9.0 11 March 2011 Tohoku, Japan, earthquake and associated tsunami near the east coast of the island of Honshu caused tens of thousands of deaths and potentially over one trillion dollars in damage, resulting in one of the worst natural disasters ever recorded. The U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center (USGS NEIC), through its responsibility to respond to all significant global earthquakes as part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, quickly produced and distributed a suite of earthquake information products to inform emergency responders, the public, the media, and the academic community of the earthquake's potential impact and to provide scientific background for the interpretation of the event's tectonic context and potential for future hazard. Here we present a timeline of the NEIC response to this devastating earthquake in the context of rapidly evolving information emanating from the global earthquake-response community. The timeline includes both internal and publicly distributed products, the relative timing of which highlights the inherent tradeoffs between the requirement to provide timely alerts and the necessity for accurate, authoritative information. The timeline also documents the iterative and evolutionary nature of the standard products produced by the NEIC and includes a behind-the-scenes look at the decisions, data, and analysis tools that drive our rapid product distribution.

David J Wald; Gavin P Hayes; Harley M Benz; Paul S Earle; Richard Briggs

2011-01-01

67

Information Technology: Computer Systems Engineer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Watch how a community college education took one person from being a computer know-nothing to having a career as a successful information technologist, in this video adapted from Pathways to Technology.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2012-05-18

68

Information and Communications Technologies Tutorials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of links to a number of online tutorials. The tutorials fall under the categories of electronics, fiber optics, general computing and programming, general telecommunications, java, math, matlab, networking and physics.

2012-12-17

69

Information technologies and the  

Microsoft Academic Search

conclusion  The evolution in the role of middlemen has many important implications at the macro-economic level as well. In many markets,\\u000a the negative employment effects of labor-saving technologies are offset by increases in the demand for labor as transaction\\u000a costs fall and additional labor is needed to produce more goods and services. As discussed above, middlemen operate successfully\\u000a in markets when

Bradley S. Wimmer; Anthony M. Townsend; Brian E. Chezum

2000-01-01

70

Information Technology and Disabilities, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four issues of this newsletter on information technology and disabilities (ITD) contain the following articles: "Developing an Accessible Online Public Access Catalog at the Washington Talking Book and Braille Library" (Charles Hamilton); "Assistive Technology in the Science Laboratory: A Talking Laboratory Work Station for Visually Impaired…

McNulty, Tom, Ed.

1995-01-01

71

Organizational Leadership through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of information technology (IT) is changing, and is becoming more important for the overall success of colleges today. The structure of IT has not changed much through the years, but a greater amount of institutions exist where multiple areas of technology are being merged back into a single IT organization. The model of IT explored in…

Anderson, John A.

72

Helsinki University of Technology: Computational Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computational Information Technology is a research group of the Laboratory of Computational Engineering at the Helsinki University of Technology in Finland. This section of the website introduces visitors to the group's work on modelling and analyzing complex physical, technical and economic processes and systems. Researchers "carry out method development and application oriented research on advanced probabilistic and information theoretic methods." Some applications include statistical modelling of financial markets, pattern recognition in neural networks, machine vision for microscope image processing, data mining, and intelligent human-machine interfaces. The Research Projects section describes the group's work in these areas and highlights the mathematical and statistical methods used, such as Bayesian methods, vision geometry, Turing's reaction-diffusion systems, and time-frequency analysis. Each research area has its own website, where the overall project and theoretical framework is described along with images and diagrams. Publications, such as theses and journal articles are listed and some conference proceedings and articles are available to download.

73

Vermont: Library and Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Vermont Automated Libraries System and the use of information technology. Topics include rural public library access; software; multitype library cooperation, including public, school, academic, and special libraries; Internet access; government information; public user access; system design; document delivery capabilities; and…

Klinck, Patricia E.

1996-01-01

74

Ohio Information Technology Competency Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile includes a comprehensive set of information technology competencies that are grounded in core academic subject areas and built around four occupational clusters (information services and support, network systems, programming and software development, and interactive media) that reflect the job opportunities and skills required for…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

75

76 FR 4079 - Information Technology (IT) Security  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 1852 RIN 2700-AD46 Information Technology (IT) Security AGENCY...requirements related to Information Technology Security, consistent with...protecting the Agency's Information Technology (IT) resources, the...

2011-01-24

76

Journal of Information Technology Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of Information Technology Education (JITE) is an annual publication that seeks to "improve IT education around the world by publishing high quality articles on best practices and other topics" of interest to teachers. Papers are mainly written by university professors that want to share their insights into effective educational methods and technologies. The 2003 volume of JITE includes an interesting paper about ways to help ease secondary school students' transition into a university-level IT program. Another paper addresses elementary school teachers' understanding of computer technology. Some additional topics are distance education, development of technology-assisted learning applications, and much more.

77

Real-Time Data Processing Systems and Products at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) receives data from over 400 seismic sites located within the state boundaries and the surrounding regions and serves as a regional data center. In 2007, the AEIC reported ~20,000 seismic events, with the largest event of M6.6 in Andreanof Islands. The real-time earthquake detection and data processing systems at AEIC are based on the

N. A. Ruppert; R. A. Hansen

2007-01-01

78

Progress Towards Near-Realtime Seismic Moment Tensors at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A near-realtime seismic moment tensor inversion routine has been operational at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) in a test mode for over a year. The AEIC real-time earthquake detection system, based on the Antelope software package, triggers the automatic moment-tensor inversion routine. It is based on a software package developed at the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory and performs a time

N. Ratchkovski; R. Hansen

2004-01-01

79

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a National Science Foundation (NSF) Science and Technology Center, aims to reduce earthquake hazard by defining the locations of future earthquakes, calculating expected ground motions, and conveying this information to the general public. The SCECùs homepage contains access to research and data, including links to databases for strong motion and seismograms, and a searchable and sortable bibliographic database of publications. Also available are GPS data and a network of GPS stations. A link to the Earthquake Information Network provides a searchable list of up-to-date internet earthquakes resources. Note, in order to access the SCEC Publications Database, a username and password are required. Use your own name for the username, and enter -webview as the password. SCEC is a first rate resource for earthquake engineers.

80

Earthquakes: Natural Science Museum and Civil Protection of Trento to inform citizens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During 2009 the Natural Science Museum of Trento organized the exhibition "Attraction Earth: Earthquakes and Terrestrial Magnetism" in collaboration with the INGV (Italian National Institute of Geophysic and Volcanology). In this exhibition a particular sector has been devoted to the seismic activity and its monitoring in the Province of Trento. The purpose was to inform local people on the geological features of their territory, the monitoring activity carried out by the Civil Protection and the potential earthquake hazards, also in order to adopt a correct behaviour in case of seismic event. This sector, "The seismometric Trentino network", was organized by the Geological Service of the Trento Civil Protection and it is open till May 2010, both for general public and school students. For the latter, a particular education pack, realized by the Educational Department of the Museum and consisting of a guided tour coupled with the laboratory activity "Waves upside-down: seismology", is proposed. The whole exhibition has been also coupled with a cycle conferences targeted to adults, in which these topics have been explained by researchers and technicians of INGV and of Trento Geological Service. "The seismometric Trentino network" sector presents the daily monitoring activity of the Geological Service, that has been monitoring the seismic activity for the last 30 years, and describes the deep earth processes of the local territory, such as presence of tectonic discontinuities and their activity. It consists of display panels, a seismometer with rotating drums and a multimedia that reports the monitoring activity of the seismometric network, with real time connection to the various monitoring stations. This allows visitors to observe instantly the local seismic events recorded by each station. The seismometric network was established by the institutions of Trento Province after the earthquakes occurred in Friuli Venezia-Giulia and at Riva del Garda (1976). It started its activity in 1981 and consists of 7 stations equipped with seismometers and acquisition digital technology, working 24 hours per day. Moreover, a network of 9 accelerometers has been set up in the southern Trentino, where most of the seismic events are concentrated. All the information revealed in each station flow to the "Data Acquisition Central Office", where the data are checked, processed and recorded. The Geological Service manages the seismometric network, elaborates and publishes the information regarding the seismicity of the area and surroundings. In case of earthquake the "Seismic Alert", an automatic alarm system, is activated to Civil Protection purposes. The "Seismic Alert" is managed by "Antilope", the consortium of the Eastern Alpine seismometric networks. Moreover the seismotectonic is another research field carried out by this Geological Service, to investigate the formation mechanism of earthquakes and estimate the causative tectonic stress, in relation to the main tectonic structures of the region and of the whole Alpine chain. Hence the Trento study-case reported in this exhibition illustrates the general methodology used to understand the "seismic behaviour" of a region. At the end this exhibition sector also presents the activity of the Trento Civil Protection in the Abruzzo region, where a dramatic seismic event occurred on 6th April 2009, describing the investigation of the still occurring surface deformations. This activity is part of a general framework in which the Trento Province provided first aid and assistance to the local communities. The collaboration between the Natural Science Tridentino Museum and the Geological Service of Trento, already fruitful on field geological researches, has been also effective in this project of science communication. In the future the two institutions could collaborate in other main themes of the relationship between science and society, regarding the dissemination of Earth Sciences.

Lauro, Claudia; Avanzini, Marco

2010-05-01

81

The Health Information Technology Workforce  

PubMed Central

Background There is increasing recognition that a competent and well-trained workforce is required for successful implementation of health information technology. Methods New and previous research was gathered through literature and Web searching as well as domain experts. Overall themes were extracted and specific data collated within each. Results There is still a paucity of research concerning the health information technology workforce. What research has been done can be classified into five categories: quantities and staffing ratios, job roles, gaps and growth, leadership qualifications, and education and competencies. From several countries it can be seen that substantial numbers of individuals are needed with diverse backgrounds and competencies. Conclusions Additional research is necessary to determine the optimal organization and education of the health information technology workforce.

Hersh, W.

2010-01-01

82

Today and Tomorrow of the Real-time Earthquake Information Equipment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UrEDAS, Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System, can realize the real-time early earthquake detection and alarm system in the world. Although this system is actually working for mostly railroad relations, such as the Shinkansen and subway lines, it is not the system limited to the railroad field. For example, there is a local government that has realized a tsunami warning system using real-time estimated earthquake parameters as magnitude and location, distributed by UrEDAS. UrEDAS is characterized by the serial processing without storage of seismic waveform for processing. For this reason, the procedure of data processing hardly changes with usual operation also in case of an earthquake, so the system does not carry out a system failure in case of an earthquake. And also UrEDAS does not require a network and is an autonomous distributed system strong against a natural disaster or cyber-terrorism. On 26 May 2003, the Sanriku-Minami earthquake of Mj 7.0 was occurred. It was so large that the maximum acceleration of about 600 Gal was observed along the Shinkansen line and 22 columns of the rigid frame viaducts (RC) were severely cracked. This earthquake occurred on the business hours of the Shinkansen. As expected, coastline _gCompact UrEDAS_h took out the early P wave alarm before the destructive earthquake motion and the validity of this system was proved for the first time. UrEDAS on the place where many faults exist has a problem in accuracy, especially for the epicentral azimuth. UrEDAS has been observing to consider on the situations of operation under such an unfavorable condition and tried to shorten the calculation time and improve the accuracy. On the other hand, UrEDAS has examined to distribute the earthquake information via Internet. At the time of Colima, Mexico earthquake on January 2003, UrEDAS in Mexico City detected this earthquake over one minute before the large motion and sent an information for persons concerned. The above systems are large-scale and requires high-cost, so it is impossible for general people to install this system easily. Considering on this situation, development of "FREQL" which aimed at epoch-making low cost and miniaturization is progressing to unite "UrEDAS" and "Compact UrEDAS", and to progress the processing time and presumed accuracy. FREQL, Fast Response Equipment against Quake Load, is pronounced _gfurekkulu_h and it means _gcoming shake_h in Japanese. On the other hand, the maximum acceleration is the physical value indispensable to grasp earthquake force and the seismic intensity is important to know the destructive power of an earthquake motion. Aiming to develop a small seismometer which can be installed in all residence and structures, instrumental seismic intensity corresponding to MMI was proposed and the small digital seismometer AcCo (Acceleration Collector) which can display the proposed objective seismic intensity data and the maximum acceleration on real time was developed. Although AcCo is small and cheap, it has an alarm function other than an earthquake observation function, and can widely use as not only for alarm but also for education. AcCo is the first seismometer as a new type of a realtime earthquake information equipment, which has a possibility of changing completely the view of future real-time earthquake disaster prevention.

Nakamura, Y.

2003-12-01

83

The evolution of information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first version of the Nolan Stages Theory appeared in 1973. It explained the dynamics of the increasingly vital production factor called IT. This theory is probably the most well-known and most widespread framework of the development of information technology in organisations. It provides many insights in the ways in which IT has evolved and continues to evolve. Moreover, it

Ernest-jan Mutsaers; Han T. M. Van Der Zee; Henrik Giertz

1998-01-01

84

NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the gr...

2000-01-01

85

The Information Technology Model Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last twenty years has seen the development of demand for a new type of computing professional, which has resulted in the emergence of the academic discipline of Information Technology (IT). Numerous colleges and universities across the country and abroad have responded by developing programs without the advantage of an existing model for…

Ekstrom, Joseph J.; Gorka, Sandra; Kamali, Reza; Lawson, Eydie; Lunt, Barry; Miller, Jacob; Reichgelt, Han

2006-01-01

86

Information Society Technologies in Healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing demand for more efficient and effective health- care services, coupled with an implicit requirement for supporting citi- zen mobility and continuity of care, is currently setting the stage for the exploitation of Information and Telecommunications Technologies in the health sector. The current vision comprises affordable wireless access to healthcare resources and services for all citizens, thus making medical

Dimitrios G. Katehakis; Manolis Tsiknakis; Stelios C. Orphanoudakis

2000-01-01

87

Information technology for patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundResearch on patient care has identified substantial variations in the quality and safety of healthcare and the considerable risks of iatrogenic harm as significant issues. These failings contribute to the high rates of potentially avoidable morbidity and mortality and to the rising levels of healthcare expenditure seen in many health systems. There have been substantial developments in information technology in

Christopher Huckvale; Josip Car; Masanori Akiyama; Safurah Jaafar; Tawfik Khoja; Ammar Bin Khalid; Aziz Sheikh; Azeem Majeed

2010-01-01

88

Managing Information Technology Security Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality,integrity, and availability of IT resources. As systems become more complex and diverse and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT

David P. Gilliam

2003-01-01

89

New information technologies in spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of gas media spectroscopy at high temperature is accompanied by large and complex data amount. In order to manage these data one should use specialized information systems able to execute formal stale operations with friendly interface. In the present paper we discuss the problems of development of an integral distributed information system using up-to-date object oriented technologies and technologies for distributed systems based on CORBA 2.0 (Common Object Request Broker Architecture). On the basis of modern information technologies we have developed HOTGAS and SMOLA software. Both can be run under Windows operation system. HOTGAS is intended for calculation of spectral line parameters (SLP) and absorption coefficients for CO, CO2 and H2O in 250 - 3000 K temperature range. SMOLA is intended for accumulation, systematization and use of published SLP data for different molecules. It also has a graphic interface and possesses the advantages of other Windows software. To provide comprehensive informational support and to execute all the diversity of tasks in the sphere of rovibrational spectroscopy of gas media we offer a project for integral distributed informational system design.

Sheludyakov, T. Y.; Voitsekhovskaya, Olga K.

2000-01-01

90

Studies On Determining The Earthquake Occurrence Time With The Mdcb-5 Model Earthquake Imminent Information Monitoring Instrument (paper IV) Making Prediction 1 U 2 Days Or A Few Hours in Advance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MFCB-5 Type Earthquake Imminent Information Monitoring Instrument is an- other new type of earthquake precursor monitoring instrument developed on the basis of the MDCB-1-4 type instrument. Monitoring was started with this instrument as soon as it was developed. Based on analysis of the information corresponding to six (6) earthquakes during the data obtained during continue monitoring for 44 days,

W. X. Wang; Y. W. Yang

2002-01-01

91

Evaluating geographic information systems technology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Computerized geographic information systems (GISs) are emerging as the spatial data handling tools of choice for solving complex geographical problems. However, few guidelines exist for assisting potential users in identifying suitable hardware and software. A process to be followed in evaluating the merits of GIS technology is presented. Related standards and guidelines, software functions, hardware components, and benchmarking are discussed. By making users aware of all aspects of adopting GIS technology, they can decide if GIS is an appropriate tool for their application and, if so, which GIS should be used.

Guptill, Stephen, C.

1989-01-01

92

Real-time processing of earthquake information in Iceland.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tools for real-time analysis have been implemented at seismic stations in the SIL system in Iceland, as a part of the Icelandic Meteorological Office participation in the SAFER and TRANSFER projects. These tools include processes to support alert maps and Shake Maps, first steps towards fast magnitude determination based on dominant frequency, and the development of procedures to map faults in near-real-time. Data for alert maps and Shake Maps is obtained using a real-time process that monitors both ground velocity and acceleration in 4 separate frequency bands at each station: 4-50 Hz, 1-10 Hz, 0.25-2.5 Hz and 0.05-0.5 Hz. A reference level is maintained for horizontal and vertical components in each frequency band, such that it is exceeded a few times per hour. When signals exceed this level by more than 50%, a report is sent to the processing center. When 5 or more stations send reports within a time interval of 20 seconds, alert maps are generated. The alert maps show observed values for each station, including peak ground velocity and arrival times for peaks in ground motion and first break. An attempt is also made to solve for the location of the event. The location solution is based on the assumption that time when the vertical component first exceeds the reference level by a certain amount indicate the arrival of the P wave from an earthquake. Before searching for a location solution, the arrival times for different stations are compared and stations are dropped so that no time differences are greater than the time that it takes a P wave to travel from one station to another. The location calculation uses a fixed depth ( 4 km ) and uses a parametric travel time curve that is based on observations from South Iceland. All possible combinations of 3 stations are used to compute potential solutions; the location that yields the lowest sum of absolute residuals is then found. Once the location has been determined, conventional magnitude can be calculated, using recently refined magnitude-distance relations for Icelandic earthquakes. When a good fit is obtained for at least 5 stations, for both arrival times and amplitudes, and the magnitude indicated is greater than 2.0, a Shake Map is generated and placed online automatically. The Shake Maps are usually ready within 2 minutes of the earthquake. The maps can be accessed at http://hraun.vedur.is/ja/alert. This real-time analysis has been operational on over 40 stations in the SIL system since early September 2008. These tools have yielded accurate magnitude estimations for nearly all earthquakes that have been felt in Iceland during this period. In order to extend coverage to surrounding ocean areas, we are working on having access to real-time data from a few seismic stations around the North-Atlantic. This should enable early warning for large offshore earthquakes. Mapping of faults in near-real-time fault is performed by using double-difference relocation of automatically located microearthquakes, relative to a library of events already located with high precision. Thus, taking advantage of the tens of thousands of earthquakes in South Iceland that have been relatively located. Automation of the relocation process is under development. When completed, the process will enable near-real-time delineation of activated faults by the distribution of microearthquakes.

Kjartansson, E.; Vogfjord, K. S.; Hjaltadottir, S.; Sveinbjornsson, H.; Armannsdottir, S.; Gudmundsson, G. B.

2009-04-01

93

Formal and informal material aid following the 2010 Haiti earthquake as reported by camp dwellers.  

PubMed

Following the 2010 Haiti earthquake, more than two million people moved to temporary camps, most of which arose spontaneously in the days after the earthquake. This study focuses on the material assistance people in five Port-au-Prince camps reported receiving, noting the differences between assistance from formal aid agencies and from 'informal' sources such as family. Seven weeks after the earthquake, 32% of camp dwellers reported receiving no assistance whatsoever; 55% had received formal aid, typically a tent or tarpaulins; and 40% had received informal aid, usually in the form of cash transfers from family living abroad. While people were grateful for any material aid, cash was more frequently considered timely and more effective than aid-in-kind. Should this study be indicative of the greater displaced population, aid agencies should consider how they might make better use of cash transfers as an aid modality. PMID:24601934

Versluis, Anna

2014-04-01

94

Methodology base and problems of information technologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information product qualitative forming and effective use is the aim of any information technology. Information technology as a system provides both computer-aided problem solving for the user and automation of information processes, which in turn support the problem solving process. That's why the information technology methods are the methods for data transmission, processing, and storage. The tools of methodology, mathematics, algorithms, hardware, software, and information are the tools of information technology. We propose to differ between global, basic, and applied information technologies depending on information product significance and characteristics of models, methods, and tools used. The global technology is aimed to use information resources in the social sphere as a whole. The basic technology is oriented on the application sphere (industry, scientific research, design, training). Transition towards new information technology should have in its concern business area model merged with the formal model of problem solving: computing organization based on the data concept; user's intellectual interface development.

Sovetov, Boris Y.

1993-04-01

95

Technology Requirements for Information Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides the results of a panel study conducted into the technology requirements for information management in support of application domains of particular government interest, including digital libraries, mission operations, and scientific research. The panel concluded that it was desirable to have a coordinated program of R&D that pursues a science of information management focused on an environment typified by applications of government interest - highly distributed with very large amounts of data and a high degree of heterogeneity of sources, data, and users.

Graves, Sara; Knoblock, Craig A.; Lannom, Larry

2002-01-01

96

Maori access to information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extent of Internet access is a key indicator of the Maori people’s ability to use information technologies for social, e-commerce and e-government communication. The key findings from national surveys of Internet use during 2000 and 2001, together with census data, provide an indication of Internet access amongst Maori. The results show there is a substantial “digital divide” between Maori

Brett Parker

2003-01-01

97

Managing information technology security risk  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information Technology (IT) Security Risk Management is a critical task for the organization to protect against the loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability of IT resources. As systems bgecome more complex and diverse and and attacks from intrusions and malicious content increase, it is becoming increasingly difficult to manage IT security risk. This paper describes a two-pronged approach in addressing IT security risk and risk management in the organization: 1) an institutional enterprise appraoch, and 2) a project life cycle approach.

Gilliam, David

2003-01-01

98

The U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Summary Posters: A GIS-based Education and Communication Product for Presenting Consolidated Post-Earthquake Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake Summary Posters (ESP's), a new product of the U.S. Geological Survey's Earthquake Program, are produced at the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) in Golden. The posters consist of rapidly-generated, GIS-based maps made following significant earthquakes worldwide (typically M>7.0, or events of significant media/public interest). ESP's consolidate, in an attractive map format, a large-scale epicentral map, several auxiliary regional overviews (showing tectonic and geographical setting, seismic history, seismic hazard, and earthquake effects), depth sections (as appropriate), a table of regional earthquakes, and a summary of the reional seismic history and tectonics. The immediate availability of the latter text summaries has been facilitated by the availability of Rapid, Accurate Tectonic Summaries (RATS) produced at NEIC and posted on the web following significant events. The rapid production of ESP's has been facilitated by generating, during the past two years, regional templates for tectonic areas around the world by organizing the necessary spatially-referenced data for the map base and the thematic layers that overlay the base. These GIS databases enable scripted Arc Macro Language (AML) production of routine elements of the maps (for example background seismicity, tectonic features, and probabilistic hazard maps). However, other elements of the maps are earthquake-specific and are produced manually to reflect new data, earthquake effects, and special characteristics. By the end of this year, approximately 85% of the Earth's seismic zones will be covered for generating future ESP's. During the past year, 13 posters were completed, comparable to the yearly average expected for significant earthquakes. Each year, all ESPs will be published on a CD in PDF format as an Open-File Report. In addition, each is linked to the special event earthquake pages on the USGS Earthquake Program web site (http://earthquake.usgs.gov). Although three formats are generated, the poster-size format is the most popular for display, outreach, and use as a working map for project scientists (JPEG format for web; PDF for download, editing, and printing) whereas the other (smaller) formats are suitable for briefing packages. We will soon make both GIS and PDF files of individual elements of the posters available online. ESP's provide an unprecedented opportunity for college earth-science faculty to take advantage of current events for timely lessons in global tectonics. They are also invaluable to communicate with the media and with government officials. ESP's will be used as a vehicle to present other products now under development under the auspices of NEIC and the ANSS, including rapid finite-fault models, global predictive ShakeMaps, "Did You Feel It?", and Rapid Assessments of Global Earthquakes (RAGE, Earle and others, this meeting).

Tarr, A.; Benz, H.; Earle, P.; Wald, D. J.

2003-12-01

99

Application of Rapid Earthquake Location for Earthquake Early Warning in Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic growth, industrialization and urbanization have made society more vulnerable then ever to seismic hazard in Korea. Although Korea has not experienced severe damage due to earthquakes during the last few decades, there is little doubt of the potential for large earthquakes in Korea as documented in the historical literature. As we see no immediate promise of short-term earthquake prediction with current science and technology, earthquake early warning systems attract more and more attention as a practical measure to mitigate damage from earthquakes. Earthquake early warning systems provide a few seconds to tens of seconds of warning time before the onset of strong ground shaking. To achieve rapid earthquake location, we propose to take full advantage of information from existing seismic networks; by using P wave arrival times at two nearest stations from the earthquake hypocenter and also information that P waves have not yet arrived at other stations. Ten earthquakes in the Korean peninsula and its vicinity are selected for the feasibility study. We observed that location results are not reliable when earthquakes occur outside of the seismic network. Earthquakes inside the seismic network, however, can be located very rapidly for the purpose of earthquake early warning. Seoul metropolitan area may secure 10 - 50 seconds of warning time before any strong shaking starts for certain events. Carefully orchestrated actions during the given warning time should be able to reduce hazard and mitigate damages due to potentially disastrous earthquakes.

Kim, K.; Rydelek, P. A.; Suk, B.

2008-12-01

100

Beyond Information: The Sociocultural Role of the Internet in the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a preliminary and exploratory examination and analysis of the sociocultural role of the Internet during the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. The Internet has embedded in people's daily lives, paralleling with the traditional media as the information provider and human interaction medium. During an emergency, the Internet acts as a facilitator of social motivation, revealing the usefulness and power

Jieying Wang

2010-01-01

101

Real-time processing of earthquake information in Iceland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tools for real-time analysis have been implemented at seismic stations in the SIL system in Iceland, as a part of the Icelandic Meteorological Office participation in the European SAFER and TRANSFER projects. These tools include processes to support alert maps and Shake Maps as well as the estimation of dominant periods from the first 4 seconds of waveforms, for ElarmS type magnitude estimations. Data for alert maps and Shake Maps is obtained using a real-time process that monitors both ground velocity and acceleration in 4 separate frequency bands at each station: 4-50 Hz, 1-10 Hz, 0.25-2.5 Hz and 0.05-0.5 Hz. A reference level is maintained for horizontal and vertical components in each frequency band, such that it is exceeded a few times per hour. When signals exceed this level by more than 50%, a report is sent to the processing center. When 5 or more stations send reports within a time interval of 20 seconds, alert maps are generated. The alert maps show observed values for each station, including peak ground velocity and arrival times for peaks in ground motion and the first break. An attempt is also made to solve for the location of the event. The location solution is based on the assumption that time when the vertical component first exceeds the reference level by a certain amount indicates the arrival of the P wave from an earthquake. Before searching for a location solution, the arrival times for different stations are compared and stations are dropped so that no time differences are greater than the time that it takes a P wave to travel from one station to another. The location calculation assumes a fixed depth ( 4 km ) and uses a parametric travel time curve that is based on observations from South Iceland. All possible combinations of 3 stations are used to compute potential solutions; the location that yields the lowest sum of absolute residuals is then found. Once the location has been determined, conventional magnitude can be calculated, using recently refined magnitude-distance relationships for Icelandic earthquakes. When a good fit is obtained for at least 5 stations, for both arrival times and amplitudes, and the magnitude indicated is greater than 2.0, a Shake Map is generated and placed online automatically. The Shake Maps are usually ready within 2 minutes of the earthquake. The maps can be accessed at http://hraun.vedur.is/ja/alert. This real-time analysis has been operational on 55 stations in the SIL system. These tools have yielded accurate magnitude estimations for nearly all earthquakes that have been felt in Iceland during the past year. On those stations where instruments record periods of at least 5 seconds, estimation of the dominant period, based on the first 2-4 seconds of data, is performed and passed to the processing center where it may be used for ElarmS type magnitude estimation.

Kjartansson, E.; Vogfjord, K. S.

2009-12-01

102

Public Earthquake Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Public Earthquake Resource Center at the University of Memphis provides information about the New Madrid seismic zone and earthquake hazards in general. Students and the general public can learn about earthquakes; examine science fair ideas, a reading list, and earthquake images; or explore a career as an earthquake scientist. For educators there are links to teacher's resources, lesson plans, online learning materials, and field trip information. Other features include links to additional information about the New Madrid seismic zone, earthquake preparedness tips, other earthquake-related organizations, and a site where citizens can report earthquakes.

103

K12 Education Program Lessons Learned at the Center for Earthquake Research and Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Earthquake Research and Information at the University of Memphis has been committed to increasing awareness for Seismic Hazard, Earthquake Engineering, and Earth Science among Mid-America's policy-makers, engineers, emergency managers, the general public, and K-12 teachers and students for nearly three decades. During that time we have learned many lessons related to providing effective education and outreach programs, especially for K-12 students. The lessons learned from these activities may be particularly appropriate for other regions where large earthquakes occur infrequently but have disproportionately high consequence areas due to low attenuation of seismic waves. Effective education programs in these settings must provide a consistent message across many states to a wide variety of socio-economic groups and professional communities through the leveraged resources of various groups and agencies. It is also beneficial to hire and train staff with K-12 teaching experience to work directly K-12 education organizations, and science curriculum coordinators.

Patterson, G. L.; Dry, M.

2003-12-01

104

Real-Time Data Processing Systems and Products at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) receives data from over 400 seismic sites located within the state boundaries and the surrounding regions and serves as a regional data center. In 2007, the AEIC reported ~20,000 seismic events, with the largest event of M6.6 in Andreanof Islands. The real-time earthquake detection and data processing systems at AEIC are based on the Antelope system from BRTT, Inc. This modular and extensible processing platform allows an integrated system complete from data acquisition to catalog production. Multiple additional modules constructed with the Antelope toolbox have been developed to fit particular needs of the AEIC. The real-time earthquake locations and magnitudes are determined within 2-5 minutes of the event occurrence. AEIC maintains a 24/7 seismologist-on-duty schedule. Earthquake alarms are based on the real- time earthquake detections. Significant events are reviewed by the seismologist on duty within 30 minutes of the occurrence with information releases issued for significant events. This information is disseminated immediately via the AEIC website, ANSS website via QDDS submissions, through e-mail, cell phone and pager notifications, via fax broadcasts and recorded voice-mail messages. In addition, automatic regional moment tensors are determined for events with M>=4.0. This information is posted on the public website. ShakeMaps are being calculated in real-time with the information currently accessible via a password-protected website. AEIC is designing an alarm system targeted for the critical lifeline operations in Alaska. AEIC maintains an extensive computer network to provide adequate support for data processing and archival. For real-time processing, AEIC operates two identical, interoperable computer systems in parallel.

Ruppert, N. A.; Hansen, R. A.

2007-05-01

105

Integrating Information Technologies Into Large Organizations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Langley Research Center's product is aerospace research information. To this end, Langley uses information technology tools in three distinct ways. First, information technology tools are used in the production of information via computation, analysis, data collection and reduction. Second, information technology tools assist in streamlining business processes, particularly those that are primarily communication based. By applying these information tools to administrative activities, Langley spends fewer resources on managing itself and can allocate more resources for research. Third, Langley uses information technology tools to disseminate its aerospace research information, resulting in faster turn around time from the laboratory to the end-customer.

Gottlich, Gretchen; Meyer, John M.; Nelson, Michael L.; Bianco, David J.

1997-01-01

106

NASA Information Technology Implementation Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Information Technology (IT) resources and IT support continue to be a growing and integral part of all NASA missions. Furthermore, the growing IT support requirements are becoming more complex and diverse. The following are a few examples of the growing complexity and diversity of NASA's IT environment. NASA is conducting basic IT research in the Intelligent Synthesis Environment (ISE) and Intelligent Systems (IS) Initiatives. IT security, infrastructure protection, and privacy of data are requiring more and more management attention and an increasing share of the NASA IT budget. Outsourcing of IT support is becoming a key element of NASA's IT strategy as exemplified by Outsourcing Desktop Initiative for NASA (ODIN) and the outsourcing of NASA Integrated Services Network (NISN) support. Finally, technology refresh is helping to provide improved support at lower cost. Recently the NASA Automated Data Processing (ADP) Consolidation Center (NACC) upgraded its bipolar technology computer systems with Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology systems. This NACC upgrade substantially reduced the hardware maintenance and software licensing costs, significantly increased system speed and capacity, and reduced customer processing costs by 11 percent.

2000-01-01

107

Introduction. Information, knowledge and technology.  

PubMed

Technology is the sum of the ways in which social groups manipulate order in the world to achieve their ends. It enables our active engagement with the world. Technology is central to our present well-being and vital for our future survival. As such it needs a coherent world view, a conceptual framework which will enable the fundamental problems that it poses for society to be approached in an illuminating way. Furthermore, such an approach, while remaining convincing, must not be overwhelmed by an ever-increasing welter of specialization and diversity of application. It is the purpose of the set of papers presented here to examine some key aspects of such a conceptual framework; not in the sense of offering a fully worked out philosophy of technology--that would be a huge and complex undertaking--but rather by considering some key topics. Subsidiary aims are to survey important relevant areas, to identify key sources that can provide access points for further study, and to consider some possible future developments. Major, coherent domains of activity are characterized by a few, fundamental, extensively used and essentially unifying concepts. Technology is such a domain, and its fundamental concepts are information, knowledge and agency. The following sections give a synoptic overview of the material presented in this theme issue, and set it within a wider context. PMID:12952675

MacFarlane, Alistair G J

2003-08-15

108

Information Technology Section. Management and Technology Division. Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on information technology, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) "Automation's Impact on (Information) Users" by Arja-Riitta Haarala (Finland); (2) "Economics and Politics of Information Technology: Some Trends in Its Application to Information for the…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

109

Underlying Technical Models for Information Technology Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Report for Information Technology Security provides a description of the technical foundations, termed 'models,' that underlie secure information technology (IT). The intent is to provide, in a concise form, the models that should be considered in the...

G. R. Stoneburner

2001-01-01

110

Information Technology (IT) Across Careers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The IT Across Careers (ITAC) team is part of the Workforce and Human Development group within the Learning and Teaching Division of the Education Development Center (EDC). ITAC develops and designs standards-based programs and curricula with technology at the core in partnerships with communities, public and private organizations, and the education sector. Their mission is to support information and communication technology (ICT) fluency for all learners and nurture the interests and talents of all users and producers of ICT. The National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the IT Across Careers Project at Education Development Center, Inc. to develop a common curricular framework and resources for teaching the basic (core) IT applications across all program or career areas. The ITAC project has developed a library of resources that provide a common, skills-based structure.

2008-11-04

111

Integrating Information & Communications Technologies into the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Integrating Information & Communications Technologies Into the Classroom" examines topics critical to business, computer science, and information technology education, such as: school improvement and reform, standards-based technology education programs, data-driven decision making, and strategic technology education planning. This book also…

Tomei, Lawrence, Ed.

2007-01-01

112

TEACHING RESEARCH METHODOLOGY FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on an approach to teaching an Information Technology Research Methodology course in a doctoral program, the Doctorate of Management in Information Technology. In this program dissertation research comprises a significant part of the degree following coursework in the domain of information technology. The paper was motivated by the desire to share the experience of the teaching team

S. Alan McCord

113

Evaluation of the real-time earthquake information system in Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The real-time earthquake information system (REIS) of the Japanese seismic network is developed for automatically determining earthquake parameters within a few seconds after the P-waves arrive at the closest stations using both the P-wave arrival times and the timing data that P-waves have not yet arrived at other stations. REIS results play a fundamental role in the real-time information for earthquake early warning in Japan. We show the rapidity and accuracy of REIS from the analysis of 4,050 earthquakes in three years since 2005; 44 percent of the first reports are issued within 5 seconds after the first P-wave arrival and 80 percent of the events have a difference in epicenter distance less than 20 km relative to manually determined locations. We compared the formal catalog to the estimated magnitude from the real-time analysis and found that 94 percent of the events had a magnitude difference of +/-1.0 unit.

Nakamura, Hiromitsu; Horiuchi, Shigeki; Wu, Changjiang; Yamamoto, Shunroku; Rydelek, Paul A.

2009-01-01

114

Space information technologies: future agenda  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Satellites will operate more like wide area broadband computer networks in the 21st Century. Space-based information and communication technologies will therefore be a lot more accessible and functional for the individual user. These developments are the result of earth-based telecommunication and computing innovations being extended to space. The author predicts that the broadband Internet will eventually be available on demand to users of terrestrial networks wherever they are. Earth and space communication assets will be managed as a single network. Space networks will assure that online access is ubiquitous. No matter whether users are located in cities or in remote locations, they will always be within reach of a node on the Internet. Even today, scalable bandwidth can be delivered to active users when moving around in vehicles on the ground, or aboard ships at sea or in the air. Discussion of the innovative technologies produced by NASA's Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (1993-2004) demonstrates future capabilities of satellites that make them uniquely suited to serve as nodes on the broadband Internet.

Flournoy, Don M.

2005-11-01

115

Geospatial and geophysical information for earthquake hazard assessment in Vrancea area, Romania  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vrancea area at the sharp bend of the Southeast Carpathians in Romania is one of the highest seismogenic zones in Europe, the present-day tectonic activity in this region being characterized by a small zone of intense shallow- to intermediate-depth seismicity that is often interpreted as reflecting the late stage of intra-continental collision. Efforts to advance understanding of earthquake physics and assessing of earthquake hazard in Vrancea seismic area require detailed observations of all phases of the earthquake cycle (pre-, co-, and post-seismic), across multiple fault systems and tectonic environment. Earthquake prediction has two potentially compatible but distinctly different objectives: (a) phenomena that provide information about the future earthquake hazard useful to those who live in earthquake-prone regions and (b) phenomena causally related to the physical processes governing failure on a fault that will improve our understanding of those processes. Remote sensing and geospatial information tools and techniques, including numerical modeling, have advanced considerably in recent years, enabling a greater understanding of the Earth as a complex system of geophysical phenomena. Space-based geodetic measurements using the Global Positioning System in synergy with ground-based seismological measurements, interferometric synthetic aperture radar data, high-resolution digital elevation models as well imaging spectroscopy (e.g. using ASTER, MODIS and Hyperion data) are contributing significantly to seismic hazard and risk assessment. Space-time anomalies of Earth's emitted radiation (radon in underground water and soil and surface air , thermal infrared in spectral range measured from satellite months to weeks before the occurrence of earthquakes etc.), ionospheric and electromagnetic anomalies have been interpreted, by several authors, as pre-seismic signals. For seismic hazard analysis in Vrancea area, Romania have been selected the earthquake precursors detectable from space which can also be observed by ground-based monitoring experiments: surface deformation provided by GPS and SAR imaging, land surface temperature changes as possible precursors provided by ASTER, Landsat TM and ETM, electromagnetic and ionospheric anomalies, radon gas emissions in the faults areas prior to earthquakes, as well as seismicity. Multispectral and multitemporal satellite images (LANDSAT TM, ETM , ASTER, MODIS) over 1989-2009 period have been analyzed for recognizing the continuity and regional relationships of active faults as well as for geologic and seismic hazard mapping. In spite of providing the best constraints on the rate of strain accumulation on active faults (coseismic, postseismic, and interseismic deformation; plate motion and crustal deformation at plate boundaries), GPS measurements have a low spatial resolution, and deformation in the vertical direction can not be determined very accurately. As Vrancea area has a significant regional tectonic activity in Romania and Europe, the joint analysis of geospatial and in-situ geophysical information is revealing new insights in the field of hazard assessment. For Vrancea region, observations of surface kinematics with data provided by Global Positioning System (GPS) network constitute a new and independent data source. In combination with geologic and geophysical information, surface motions may help to unravel the intriguing tectonics of the region. GPS Romanian network stations data revealed a displacement of about few millimeters (5-6 mm) per year in horizontal direction relative motion, and a (2-3 mm) per year in vertical direction. As Vrancea area is characterized by a significant regional tectonic activity, evidenced by neotectonic deformation and seismicity, future use of long-term interferometric data will be a useful tool in active tectonic investigation for this region. The joint analysis of geodetic, seismological and geological information on the spatial distribution of crustal deformations as well as the analysis of some earthquake precursors is revealing new

Zoran, Maria

2010-05-01

116

Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Midwest Center for Information Technology (MCIT) is a âÂÂconsortium of 10 community colleges throughout Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakotaâ focused on âÂÂstrengthening and expanding the regionâÂÂs information technology (IT) workforce.â On their site, visitors will find information on MCITâÂÂs initiatives and impact, as well as resources about MCITâÂÂs research and information technology recruitment and careers. This is a useful resource for helping community college students or recent graduates find information on information technology professional development.

2007-04-23

117

End-User Applications of Real-Time Earthquake Information in Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary objective of European FP7 project REAKT (Strategies and Tools for Real-Time Earthquake Risk Reduction) is to improve the efficiency of real-time earthquake risk mitigation methods and their capability of protecting structures, infrastructures, and populations. REAKT aims to address the issues of real-time earthquake hazard and response from end-to-end, with efforts directed along the full spectrum of methodology development in earthquake forecasting, earthquake early warning, and real-time vulnerability systems, through optimal decision-making, and engagement and cooperation of scientists and end users for the establishment of best practices for use of real-time information. Twelve strategic test cases/end users throughout Europe have been selected. This diverse group of applications/end users includes civil protection authorities, railway systems, hospitals, schools, industrial complexes, nuclear plants, lifeline systems, national seismic networks, and critical structures. The scale of target applications covers a wide range, from two school complexes in Naples, to individual critical structures, such as the Rion Antirion bridge in Patras, and the Fatih Sultan Mehmet bridge in Istanbul, to large complexes, such as the SINES industrial complex in Portugal and the Thessaloniki port area, to distributed lifeline and transportation networks and nuclear plants. Some end-users are interested in in-depth feasibility studies for use of real-time information and development of rapid response plans, while others intend to install real-time instrumentation and develop customized automated control systems. From the onset, REAKT scientists and end-users will work together on concept development and initial implementation efforts using the data products and decision-making methodologies developed with the goal of improving end-user risk mitigation. The aim of this scientific/end-user partnership is to ensure that scientific efforts are applicable to operational, real-world problems.

Cua, G. B.; Gasparini, P.; Giardini, D.; Zschau, J.; Filangieri, A. R.; Reakt Wp7 Team

2011-12-01

118

APhoRISM FP7 project: the A Priori information for Earthquake damage mapping method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The APhoRISM - Advanced PRocedure for volcanIc and Seismic Monitoring - project is an FP7 funded project, which aims at developing and testing two new methods to combine Earth Observation satellite data from different sensors, and ground data for seismic and volcanic risk management. The objective is to demonstrate that this two types of data, appropriately managed and integrated, can provide new improved products useful for seismic and volcanic crisis management. One of the two methods deals with earthquakes, and it concerns the generation of maps to address the detection and estimate of damage caused by a seism. The method is named APE - A Priori information for Earthquake damage mapping. The use of satellite data to investigate earthquake damages is not an innovative issue. Indeed, a wide literature and projects have addressed and focused such issue, but usually the proposed approaches are only based on change detection techniques and/or classifications algorithms. The novelty of APhoRISM-APE relies on the exploitation of a priori information derived by: - InSAR time series to measure surface movements - shakemaps obtained from seismological data - vulnerability information. This a priori information is then integrated with change detection map from earth observation satellite sensors (either Optical or Synthetic Aperture Radar) to improve accuracy and to limit false alarms.

Bignami, Christian; Stramondo, Salvatore; Pierdicca, Nazzareno

2014-05-01

119

Robonaut's Flexible Information Technology Infrastructure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robonaut, NASA's humanoid robot, is designed to work as both an astronaut assistant and, in certain situations, an astronaut surrogate. This highly dexterous robot performs complex tasks under telepresence control that could previously only be carried out directly by humans. Currently with 47 degrees of freedom (DOF), Robonaut is a state-of-the-art human size telemanipulator system. while many of Robonaut's embedded components have been custom designed to meet packaging or environmental requirements, the primary computing systems used in Robonaut are currently commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) products which have some correlation to flight qualified computer systems. This loose coupling of information technology (IT) resources allows Robonaut to exploit cost effective solutions while floating the technology base to take advantage of the rapid pace of IT advances. These IT systems utilize a software development environment, which is both compatible with COTS hardware as well as flight proven computing systems, preserving the majority of software development for a flight system. The ability to use highly integrated and flexible COTS software development tools improves productivity while minimizing redesign for a space flight system. Further, the flexibility of Robonaut's software and communication architecture has allowed it to become a widely used distributed development testbed for integrating new capabilities and furthering experimental research.

Askew, Scott; Bluethmann, William; Alder, Ken; Ambrose, Robert

2003-01-01

120

29 CFR 2205.135 - Electronic and information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Electronic and information technology requirements. 2205.135 Section...COMMISSION ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY § 2205.135 Electronic and information technology requirements. (a) In...

2012-07-01

121

Earthquake Education and Public Information Centers: A Collaboration Between the Earthquake Country Alliance and Free-Choice Learning Institutions in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1999 the Southern California Earthquake Center initiated an effort to expand its reach to multiple target audiences through the development of an interpretive trail on the San Andreas fault at Wallace Creek and an earthquake exhibit at Fingerprints Youth Museum in Hemet. These projects and involvement with the San Bernardino County Museum in Redlands beginning in 2007 led to the creation of Earthquake Education and Public Information Centers (EPIcenters) in 2008. The impetus for the development of the network was to broaden participation in The Great Southern California ShakeOut. In 2009 it has grown to be more comprehensive in its scope including its evolution into a statewide network. EPIcenters constitute a variety of free-choice learning institutions, representing museums, science centers, libraries, universities, parks, and other places visited by a variety of audiences including families, seniors, and school groups. They share a commitment to demonstrating and encouraging earthquake preparedness. EPIcenters coordinate Earthquake Country Alliance activities in their county or region, lead presentations or organize events in their communities, or in other ways demonstrate leadership in earthquake education and risk reduction. The San Bernardino County Museum (Southern California) and The Tech Museum of Innovation (Northern California) serve as EPIcenter regional coordinating institutions. They interact with over thirty institutional partners who have implemented a variety of activities from displays and talks to earthquake exhibitions. While many activities are focused on the time leading up to and just after the ShakeOut, most EPIcenter members conduct activities year round. Network members at Kidspace Museum in Pasadena and San Diego Natural History Museum have formed EPIcenter focus groups on early childhood education and safety and security. This presentation highlights the development of the EPIcenter network, synergistic activities resulting from this collaboration, and lessons learned from interacting with free-choice learning institutions.

Degroot, R. M.; Springer, K.; Brooks, C. J.; Schuman, L.; Dalton, D.; Benthien, M. L.

2009-12-01

122

Information technology mediated education - revolution not evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology, and in particular distance education technology, is becoming more prevalent across society and throughout higher education. But as information technology mediated education moves from trials towards educating non-trivial numbers of students, we can expect established universities to resist wholesale adoption; particularly when it threatens core perceptions of what students want and need and the culture and financial model

Tom Lookabaugh; Douglas C. Sicker

2004-01-01

123

Readiness levels for spacecraft information technologies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented in this paper is a modified interpretation of the traditional TRLs aimed solely at information technology. The intent of this new set of definitions is twofold: First, to enable a definitive measurement of progress among developing information technologies for spacecraft; and second, to clarify particular challenges and requirements that must be met as these technologies are validated in increasingly realistic environments.

Mackey, R.; Some, R.; Aljabri, A.

2003-01-01

124

Evaluation and Assessment in Educational Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the following articles on evaluating and assessing educational information technology: (1) "Assessing Learning in the New Age of Information Technology in Education" (Leping Liu, D. LaMont Johnson, Cleborne D. Maddux, and Norma J. Henderson); (2) "Instruments for Assessing the Impact of Technology in Education" (Rhonda…

Liu, Leping, Ed.; Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Henderson, Norma J., Ed.

125

Information Technology Application to Construction Management Modernization  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decades, following the complication and internationalization of construction project, its modes of management are getting towards to the whole life integration, and the modern information technology which is developing fast becomes to be an important assistant tool of construction management modernization. Using the information technology such as web, virtual simulation (VS) technology and Group Decision Support System

ZHANG Ming-yuanI; YUAN Yong-bot

2007-01-01

126

Tweeting about the tsunami?: mining twitter for information on the tohoku earthquake and tsunami  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 11th March 2011, a 9.0-magnitude megathrust earthquake occurred in the ocean near Japan. This was the first large-scale natural disaster in Japan since the broad adoption of social media tools (such as Facebook and Twitter). In particular, Twitter is suitable for broadcasting information, naturally making it the most frequently used social medias when disasters strike. This paper presents a

Akiko Murakami; Tetsuya Nasukawa

2012-01-01

127

Information Technology Section. Management and Technology Division. Papers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Papers on information technology, which were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference, include: (1) 'Automation's Impact on (Information) Users' by Arja-Riitta Haarala (Finland); (2) 'Economics and Politics ...

1983-01-01

128

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2012-10-01

129

45 CFR 170.210 - Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Standards for health information technology to protect electronic health information created...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS, IMPLEMENTATION...

2011-10-01

130

USGS Earthquake Hazards Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Earthquake Hazards Program (EHP) of the United States Geological Survey (USGS). This page points to information on earthquakes in Northern California, the United States, and the world. Topics include reports on recent large earthquakes, real-time earthquake maps, real-time shaking maps, real-time seismograms, earthquake network reports and updates, recent and significant earthquakes, and earthquake news releases. Users will be able to view maps and click on them. The EHP is part of the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) lead by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

131

Land Administration, Information Technology and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land administration reforms into the future are likely to be influenced by: • Society's changing priorities • Globalization • Information technology revolution The latter is an important tool in delivering land information systems that support society's changing needs. However, technology also has the potential to dominate rather than serve society. The challenge will be to harness the information revolution to

Lisa Ting; Ian Williamson

132

Basic Research in the Information Technology Industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why do information technology companies support exploratory research in physics and allied fields? The answer is simple-because of the need to bring new technology quickly to market. Ultimately, even long-term research is all about speed.

Theis, Thomas N.; Horn, Paul M.

2003-07-01

133

Research Forecasting for Health Information Technology (HIT), using technology intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the rapid pace of change in technology and its impact on society, there is an increasing demand for use of Technology Forecasting methods to improve policy planning and implementation. One such area is the field of Health Care and the impact of Health Information Technology (HIT) on this field. Using HIT has shown to be associated with reduced

Nima A. Behkami; Tugrul U. Daim

134

Progress Towards Near-Realtime Seismic Moment Tensors at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A near-realtime seismic moment tensor inversion routine has been operational at the Alaska Earthquake Information Center (AEIC) in a test mode for over a year. The AEIC real-time earthquake detection system, based on the Antelope software package, triggers the automatic moment-tensor inversion routine. It is based on a software package developed at the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory and performs a time domain inversion of three-component seismic data for the seismic moment tensor. We use a library of precalculated Green's functions for a suite of regional velocity models and a range of source depths (from 5 to 200 km with 5 km interval) to compute synthetic seismograms. The resulting moment tensor inversion information is distributed via the web. The Alaska seismic network in its current configuration includes 45 broad-band sites. Stable inversion results can be obtained for events with magnitude 4.0 and greater in the network core area (southern and central Alaska) and 4.5 and greater in the rest of the state including the Aleutian Islands. We will present a catalog of nearly 200 regional moment tensor solutions for Alaska and Aleutian Islands starting from October, 2002 through the present including, the 2002 Denali Fault earthquake sequence.

Ratchkovski, N.; Hansen, R.

2004-12-01

135

Implementation of Near Real-Time Methods Using Surface Waves to Determine Earthquake Source Characteristics at the National Earthquake Information Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the implementation of two near real-time methods for determining earthquake source characteristics using long-period surface waves at the US Geological Survey's National Earthquake Information Center (USGS/NEIC). Long-period (60 to 300 s) seismic waveforms are well suited for this purpose because they can be well modeled using simple propagation models and are less sensitive to source complexity than short period (1 s) waves that are commonly used for earthquake monitoring. A prototype system for Surface wave Location and Association in Quasi Real time (SLAQR) that employs very long period (> 60 s) vertical-component surface waves has been implemented in test mode using data from the Global Seismographic Network (GSN). SLAQR continuously back-projects waveform envelopes on a global grid using surface wave dispersion relations. Preliminary results show that this method, as currently in operation at the NEIC, can consistently locate global earthquakes down to a magnitude 5.5. The magnitude determination, which is based on a simple empirical relationship, is generally accurate to within 0.2 magnitude units. More importantly, SLAQR can provide reliable locations and magnitudes for very large earthquakes, such as the 2004/2005 Sumatra events, within 30-40 minutes of their origin time. Furthermore, since the magnitude calculation is based on long period data, magnitudes for slow earthquakes such as some ridge and tsunami earthquakes are not underestimated as commonly occurs in shorter period analysis. Future development will focus on a reliable triggering algorithm for automated event detection and the continuous calculation of moment tensors and earthquake depths from the spectral amplitude and phase measurements already produced by the system. A fully automatic system to determine centroid moment tensors using three component surface waves with periods between 150-300 s is also running at the NEIC. Two versions are currently operational: one in a research/evaluation mode and another fully incorporated into the NEIC Hydra system. New improvements in the area of reliability assessment are currently being tested. Future work will investigate the finite fault information contained in the centroid time and centroid location parameters, how to incorporate a priori knowledge of the fault orientation, and the use of noise characteristics in the automatic selection of channels.

Polet, J.; Thio, H. K.; Earle, P.

2008-12-01

136

Earthquake preparedness levels amongst youth and adults in Oakland, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The San Francisco Bay Area has not experienced a large earthquake since 1989. However research shows that the Hayward fault is overdue for a tremor, based on paleo-seismic research. To analyze the level of earthquake preparedness in the Oakland area (close to the Hayward fault), we surveyed over 150 people to assess their understanding of earthquakes. Our research evaluates whether increased earthquake knowledge impacts people's preparedness and concern toward earthquake events. Data was collected using smart-phone technology and survey software in four sites across Oakland including; North Oakland, Downtown, East Oakland, and a summer school program in East Oakland, which has youth from throughout the city. Preliminary studies show that over 60% of interviewees have sufficient earthquake knowledge, but that over half of all interviewees are not prepared for a seismic event. Our study shows that in Oakland, California earthquake preparedness levels vary, which could mean we need to develop more ways to disseminate information on earthquake preparedness.

Burris, M.; Arroyo-Ruiz, D.; Crockett, C.; Dixon, G.; Jones, M.; Lei, P.; Phillips, B.; Romero, D.; Scott, M.; Spears, D.; Tate, L.; Whitlock, J.; Diaz, J.; Chagolla, R.

2011-12-01

137

SHIFT: Shared Information Framework and Technology Concept.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Shared Information Framework and Technology (SHIFT) was originally created for MNE 5 covering the aspects of information sharing as a concept and its supporting tools within a comprehensive approach framework. SHIFT is used in MNE 5 to experiment with inf...

S. Vesterinen

2009-01-01

138

Workforce Assessment of Information Technology Sailors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the results of the first application of the SkillsNET process to the Navy's military information technology (IT) workforce. The authors define this workforce as Sailors who facilitate or protect others' use of information and telecom...

F. E. Garcia J. L. Gasch M. L. Wertheim

2002-01-01

139

Impact of information technology on medicine  

SciTech Connect

Although the health sciences will benefit from many of the advances in information technology that are applied to a wide variety of research areas, information technology is of particular importance to health care delivery. Developments of computerized patient records will enhance the efficiency effectiveness, and distribution of health care. As managed care programs develop, population-based information will be of increasing importance to health care providers and to the public health community. The capacity to transmit this information. 3 refs.

Shine, K.I.

1996-12-31

140

Adoption of Information Technology by Advertising Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since little empirical research has been conducted on adoption of currently available information technology by the advertising industry, a study explored the extent of advertising agencies' adoption of selected information technologies such as online database services and electronic mail. The study discussed data from earlier studies and analyzed…

Herling, Thomas J.; Merskin, Debra

141

A strategic framework for information technology planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this investigation is to improve the planning, selection, and justification of information technology (IT) projects as a vehicle for business enhancement. The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) criteria are used herein as a framework for strategic planning of information technology implementation. Research findings suggest that application of these criteria in isolation is not sufficient for planning

M. W. Usrey; K. Radhakrishnan

1999-01-01

142

Curriculum Development and New Information Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports of achievements in developments in new information technology in schools lament the, as yet, unfulfilled hopes that they will radically change education. Those involved in new information technology sometimes seem to imagine that the problems of change that they face are somehow unique and have not been faced by others who have set out to change the curriculum.[l

Robert McCormick

1992-01-01

143

Information Technology Outreach in the UIC Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Library Information Technology Arcade (Info Tech Arcade) has facilitated research and teaching on campus, assisted faculty with their information technology needs, consulted on library Web sites for various organizations city-wide, and hosted servers for a dozen institutions in the nation. With a small budget, a wide-ranging collection of equipment and software, and staffed

Li Fu

2002-01-01

144

Application of information technologies in academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of this investigation is to define the status of the application of information technology in academic libraries located in Kerman, the center and largest city of Kerman Province, Iran, and to understand the problems and difficulties in using information technology in these libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey has covered 17 libraries belonging to Shahid Bahonar

Faranak Mohsenzadeh; Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam

2009-01-01

145

Older Adults' Acceptance of Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated variables contributing to older adults' information technology acceptance through a survey, which was used to find factors explaining and predicting older adults' information technology acceptance behaviors. Four factors, including needs satisfaction, perceived usability, support availability, and public acceptance, were…

Wang, Lin; Rau, Pei-Luen Patrick; Salvendy, Gavriel

2011-01-01

146

Employment, Trends, and Training in Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, students, workers, and jobseekers have received mixed signals about the job market for information technology. Periods of strong job growth have been punctuated by brief periods of employment declines. Optimism about information technology (commonly referred to as IT) as a career field has been tempered by concerns about job…

Wright, Benjamin

2009-01-01

147

Information security technologies as a commodity input  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The paper provides a pragmatic evaluation of the value that security technologies deliver to businesses. It contains recommendations for how businesses can best view the role of security technologies within an information security program. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The findings in the paper are derived from the observations of the author in his role as an information security consultant working

Andrew Stewart

2005-01-01

148

Information Technology's Role in Educational Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology comprises the systems and tools that support and enhance the teaching, learning, and research processes of educational organizations. Outlines the variables to be considered when improving or updating information technology, including staff, infrastructure, hardware, software, improvement of services, and positioning for…

Rennie, Robert J.

1996-01-01

149

New Information Technologies: Possible Implications for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents observations about developments in information technology that will influence the information industry and libraries of the future. Discusses search engine capabilities; push technology; electronic commerce; WebTV; and optical discs with links to Web sites. Ten figures provide illustrations and charts. (AEF)

de Stricker, Ulla

1998-01-01

150

Saint Louis University Earthquake Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Saint Louis University (SLU) Earthquake Center provides recent Midwest earthquake locations, the history of central U.S. earthquakes, a link for reporting an earthquake, historic earthquake and instrument photographs, and explanations of the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale. There are earthquake information flyers, links to course websites and course notes, a textbook description, computer tools and earthquake catalogs, and recent theses and dissertations. There are also links to seismic systems and networks as well as SLU network reports.

151

Systematically disseminating technological information to potential users  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rapid technological information dissemination system related to the field of remote sensing is presented. The technology transfer staff systematically designed instructional materials and activities using the matrix as an organizer to meet the need of the students, scientists and users in a rapidly expanding technology.

Russell, J. D.

1976-01-01

152

Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Website  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology Program (CICT) was established in 2001 to ensure NASA's Continuing leadership in emerging technologies. It is a coordinated, Agency-wide effort to develop and deploy key enabling technologies for a broad range of mission-critical tasks. The NASA CICT program is designed to address Agency-specific computing, information, and communications technology requirements beyond the projected capabilities of commercially available solutions. The areas of technical focus have been chosen for their impact on NASA's missions, their national importance, and the technical challenge they provide to the Program. In order to meet its objectives, the CICT Program is organized into the following four technology focused projects: 1) Computing, Networking and Information Systems (CNIS); 2) Intelligent Systems (IS); 3) Space Communications (SC); 4) Information Technology Strategic Research (ITSR).

Hardman, John; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

153

Information Technology Research and Education at NSF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF has been a leader in the development of new information technologies, including support for work in education and technology. Often, opportunities for educators are found in larger efforts. This is the case for the Information Technology Research (ITR) program. It has now been extended to education areas, as announced in NSF Publication 00-126. Links to the program announcement in multiple formats are found at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf00126.

Wink, Donald J.

2000-11-01

154

Optical Disk Technology and Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides basic information on videodisks and potential applications, including inexpensive online storage, random access graphics to complement online information systems, hybrid network architectures, office automation systems, and archival storage. (JN)

Goldstein, Charles M.

1982-01-01

155

Information Technology and Educational Amnesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Waves of enthusiasm for technological innovations that promise to revitalize teaching and learning are at least a century old. Unfortunately, the record of accomplishment for the many varieties of hardware and software introduced into schools over the decades is remarkably thin. Today's promoters of technology in education tend to forget similar…

Winner, Langdon

2009-01-01

156

88 hours: The U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center response to the 11 March 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This article presents a timeline of NEIC response to a major global earthquake for the first time in a formal journal publication. We outline the key observations of the earthquake made by the NEIC and its partner agencies, discuss how these analyses evolved, and outline when and how this information was released to the public and to other internal and external parties. Our goal in the presentation of this material is to provide a detailed explanation of the issues faced in the response to a rare, giant earthquake. We envisage that the timeline format of this presentation can highlight technical and procedural successes and shortcomings, which may in turn help prompt research by our academic partners and further improvements to our future response efforts. We have shown how NEIC response efforts have significantly improved over the past six years since the great 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake. We are optimistic that the research spawned from this disaster, and the unparalleled dense and diverse data sets that have been recorded, can lead to similar-and necessary-improvements in the future.

Hayes, G. P.; Earle, P. S.; Benz, H. M.; Wald, D. J.; Briggs, R. W.

2011-01-01

157

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

158

Electrochemical Science and Technology Information Resource (ESTIR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Electrochemical Science and Technology Information Resource, hosted by the Ernest B. Yeager Center for Electrochemical Sciences (YCES) and the Chemical Engineering Department, Case Western Reserve University, is exactly what the name implies, a site containing a wealth of electrochemical science and technology resources. ESTIR was created based on frequently asked questions to the sci.chem.electrochem newsgroup. Resources are divided into twelve categories, including Internet resources, public domain information, scientific/technical societies and journals, and graduate school information.

1998-01-01

159

BUILDING A TIMELY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY: A PROCESS TO EFFICIENTLY AQUIRE DESISON USEFUL INFORMATION REGARDING EMERGING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The body of knowledge that is information technology strategy contains numerous theoretical models with practical applications from which executives may formulate, align, and implement cohesive corporate information technology strategies. Specifically missing in many popular technology strategy models is a practical initial process to guide executives in their attempt to collect data regarding emerging information technologies. This research presents an efficient

Casey G. Cegielski; Carl M. Rebman

160

Production Technology, Information Technology, and Vertical Integration under Asymmetric Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the effect of technological progress on the frontiers of the firm, building on transaction cost theory and agency theory. The model incorporates four types of costs: production, coordination, management, and transaction costs. The market has lower production costs, but higher coordination costs, than the firm. A principal-two agents framework with adverse selection and moral hazard is adopted.

Gamal Atallah

2002-01-01

161

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include miniaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is less easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large data sets. Three limiting paradigms are as follows: saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage, and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear model of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1991-01-01

162

Information technologies for astrophysics circa 2001  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is easy to extrapolate current trends to see where technologies relating to information systems in astrophysics and other disciplines will be by the end of the decade. These technologies include mineaturization, multiprocessing, software technology, networking, databases, graphics, pattern computation, and interdisciplinary studies. It is easy to see what limits our current paradigms place on our thinking about technologies that will allow us to understand the laws governing very large systems about which we have large datasets. Three limiting paradigms are saving all the bits collected by instruments or generated by supercomputers; obtaining technology for information compression, storage and retrieval off the shelf; and the linear mode of innovation. We must extend these paradigms to meet our goals for information technology at the end of the decade.

Denning, Peter J.

1990-01-01

163

Photogrammetry and geographic information systems for quick assessment, documentation and analysis of earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After a catastrophe like an earthquake, one on the most important problems is to provide shelter and housing for the homeless. To this end, it is necessary to decide if a building is still habitable, or if it is has to be renovated or even torn down. A prerequisite for such decisions is the detailed knowledge about the status of the building. Earlier earthquakes revealed problems in the processes of documenting and analysing the building damage, as they demanded much effort in terms of time and manpower. The main difficulties appeared to be because of the analogue damage assessments which created a great variety of unstructured information that had to be put in a line to allow further analysis. Apart from that, documentation of damage effects was not detailed and could only be carried out on the spot of a disaster. The aim of this study is to make an improvement, using combination of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a management and data analysis tool and photogrammetry as a documentation method. Photogrammetric data acquisition is achieved using a CCD camera and the digital photogrammetric software package PICTRAN by Technet. The information system part is the GIS package ArcView by ESRI. The combination of rapid data acquisition and GIS offers a quick assessment of the situation and the possibility of its objective and holistic analysis. This is the prerequisite for a quick initiation of appropriate measures to help people.

Altan, O.; Toz, G.; Kulur, S.; Seker, D.; Volz, S.; Fritsch, D.; Sester, M.

164

The Evolution of Information Technology Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) management methods are changing with time. The main methodological shifts can be observed in management authority and responsibility distribution within a company. Four characteristic stages are spontaneous responsibility delegation stage, monopoly over information stage, business within business stage, and the stage of information economy. However, some serious dilemmas regarding the future of IT management remain.

Zeljko Panian

1999-01-01

165

Information Technology and the Human Research Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews how information technology supports the Human Research Facility (HRF) and specifically the uses that contractor has for the information. There is information about the contractor, the HRF, some of the experiments that were performed using the HRF on board the Shuttle, overviews of the data architecture, and software both commercial and specially developed software for the specific experiments.

Klee, Margaret

2002-01-01

166

Children Show Selective Trust in Technological Informants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although children are often exposed to technological devices early in life, little is known about how they evaluate these novel sources of information. In two experiments, children aged 3, 4, and 5 years old ("n" = 92) were presented with accurate and inaccurate computer informants, and they subsequently relied on information provided by…

Danovitch, Judith H.; Alzahabi, Reem

2013-01-01

167

Access Technology for Network Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the technical access barriers that inhibit the effective use of the information resources available on higher education networks; the emerging information server technology that promises to alleviate many access problems; and the growing popularity of the Z39.50 protocol, including questions about this information retrieval…

Lynch, Clifford A.

1990-01-01

168

Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company information management technology architecture  

SciTech Connect

The Information Management Technology Architecture (TA) is being driven by the business objectives of reducing costs and improving effectiveness. The strategy is to reduce the cost of computing through standardization. The Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) TA is a set of standards and products for use at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The TA will provide direction for information management resource acquisitions, development of information systems, formulation of plans, and resolution of issues involving LMITCO computing resources. Exceptions to the preferred products may be granted by the Information Management Executive Council (IMEC). Certain implementation and deployment strategies are inherent in the design and structure of LMITCO TA. These include: migration from centralized toward distributed computing; deployment of the networks, servers, and other information technology infrastructure components necessary for a more integrated information technology support environment; increased emphasis on standards to make it easier to link systems and to share information; and improved use of the company`s investment in desktop computing resources. The intent is for the LMITCO TA to be a living document constantly being reviewed to take advantage of industry directions to reduce costs while balancing technological diversity with business flexibility.

Hughes, M.J.; Lau, P.K.S.

1996-05-01

169

(CICT) Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) program is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communications technologies. This viewgraph presentation includes diagrams of how the political guidance behind CICT is structured. The presentation profiles each part of the NASA Mission in detail, and relates the Mission to the activities of CICT. CICT's Integrated Capability Goal is illustrated, and hypothetical missions which could be enabled by CICT are profiled. CICT technology development is profiled.

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

170

Investigating Information Technologies in Disasters: Three Essays on Micro-Blogging and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation aims to investigate how advanced information technologies cope with the various demands of disaster response. It consists of three essays on the exploration of micro-blogging and FOSS environments. The first essay looks at the usage of micro-blogging in the aftermath of the massive 2008 China earthquake and explores the…

Li, Pu

2012-01-01

171

Women Technology Leaders: Gender Issues in Higher Education Information Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women working in higher education information technology (IT) organizations and those seeking leadership positions in these organizations face a double challenge in overcoming the traditionally male-dominated environments of higher education and IT. Three women higher education chief information officers (CIOs) provided their perspectives,…

Drury, Marilyn

2011-01-01

172

Information technology in post-industrial organizations  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly we are witnessing the emergence of new and different forms of social relations within and between organizations. This pattern, variously labeled the post-industrial society or information economy refers to the substantial changes currently evident in advanced industrialized nations. Such changes are expected to have profound implications for organization forms and the strategies adopted to cope with the complex and turbulent transition to post-industrialism. It is posited here that one such strategy is the adoption of information technology as organizations' core technology. This research explicates the fundamental changes that occur in the control strategies and work of organizations as they begin to deploy information technology as their core technology. Two main issues explored and analyzed are: (i) the role of information technology in influencing production task-control mechanisms, production strategies, and the organization of people around production processes; and (ii) the influence of social, political, and cultural processes within organizations in shaping the nature and use of information technology. The information technology increased the use of unobtrusive control mechanisms, contributed to the routinization and deskilling of systems development tasks, while enhancing their productivity and consistency.

Orlikowski, W.J.

1988-01-01

173

Nuclear Technology: Making Informed Decisions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a unit on nuclear technology which is taught in a physics class. Explains the unit design, implementation process, demonstrations used, and topics of discussion that include light and optics, naturally and artificially produced sources of radioactivity, nuclear equations, isotopes and half-lives, and power-generating nuclear reactors.…

Altshuler, Kenneth

1989-01-01

174

An attempt of using straight-line information for building damage detection based only on post-earthquake optical imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is important to grasp damage information in stricken areas after an earthquake in order to perform quick rescue and recovery activities. Recent research into remote sensing techniques has shown significant ability to generate quality damage information. The methods based on only post-earthquake data are widely researched especially because there are no pre-earthquake reference data in many cities of the world. This paper addresses a method for detection of damaged buildings using only post-event satellite imagery so that scientists and researchers can take advantage of the ability of helicopters and airplanes to fly over the damage faster. Statistical information of line segments extracted from post-event satellite imagery, such as mean length (ML) and weighted tilt angel standard deviation (WTASD), are used for discriminating the damaged and undamaged buildings.

Dong, Laigen; Shan, Jie; Ye, Yuanxin

2014-03-01

175

CICT Computing, Information, and Communications Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CICT Program is part of the NASA Aerospace Technology Enterprise's fundamental technology thrust to develop tools. processes, and technologies that enable new aerospace system capabilities and missions. The CICT Program's four key objectives are: Provide seamless access to NASA resources- including ground-, air-, and space-based distributed information technology resources-so that NASA scientists and engineers can more easily control missions, make new scientific discoveries, and design the next-generation space vehicles, provide high-data delivery from these assets directly to users for missions, develop goal-oriented human-centered systems, and research, develop and evaluate revolutionary technology.

Laufenberg, Lawrence; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

176

Speeding earthquake disaster relief  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In coping with recent multibillion-dollar earthquake disasters, scientists and emergency managers have found new ways to speed and improve relief efforts. This progress is founded on the rapid availability of earthquake information from seismograph networks.

Mortensen, Carl; Donlin, Carolyn; Page, Robert A.; Ward, Peter

1995-01-01

177

Rail Technology and Systems Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website from Federal Transit Administration reviews some of the challenges involved in subway design. On this page, visitors will find the aims of the program as well as further research and reports regarding the sharing of tracks between transit and freight railroads, tunnel design and construction, and subway environment simulation. There is also a link to the May 2005 final report on the General Atomics Low Speed Maglev Technology Development Program, a 174-page pdf.

2008-02-11

178

Information technology security system engineering methodology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology is described for system engineering security into large information technology systems under development. The methodology is an integration of a risk management process and a generic system development life cycle process. The methodology is to be used by Security System Engineers to effectively engineer and integrate information technology security into a target system as it progresses through the development life cycle. The methodology can also be used to re-engineer security into a legacy system.

Childs, D.

2003-01-01

179

Information flow and work productivity through integrated information technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work environment surrounding integrated office systems is reviewed. The known effects of automated office technologies is synthesized and their known impact on work efficiency is reviewed. These effects are explored with regard to their impact on networks, work flow/processes, as well as organizational structure and power. Particular emphasis is given to structural changes due to the introduction of newer information technologies in organizations. The new information technologies have restructed the average organization's middle banks and, as a consequence, they have shrunk drastically. Organizational pyramids have flattened with fewer levels since executives have realized that they can get ahold of the needed information via the new technologies quicker and directly and do not have to rely on middle-level managers. Power shifts are typically accompanied with the introduction of these technologies resulting in the generation of a new form of organizational power.

Wigand, R. T.

1985-01-01

180

Information Technology and the Structuring of Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work in social theory departs from prior traditions in proposing that social phenomena can be understood as comprising both subjective and ob- jective elements. We apply this premise of duality to understanding the rela- tionship between information technology and organizations. We construct a theoretical framework in which the development and deployment of infor- mation technology in organizations is a

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Daniel Robey

1991-01-01

181

Information Technology Competencies for Navy Enlisted Personnel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military is experiencing rapid advances in technology that have the potential to revolutionize the way wars are waged. Information Technology (IT) is gaining momentum as the emerging force in modern warfare. The U.S. Navy has embarked on an ambitious ...

P. D. Vena

1998-01-01

182

Educational Technology Adoption: An Information Systems Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concentrating on the adoption and implementation of educational technology, this paper outlines and compares the conceptual definitions of educational technology (ET) and information systems (IS). Adoption and implementation models and frameworks are discussed, and similarities and differences between IS adoption and implementation and educational…

Schneberger, Scott L.; Jost, Karen Lee

183

Information and Communications Technologies Center Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) presents this collection of useful videos. Most of the clips are from conferences such as the 2010 CTC Winter Retreat and feature talks given at the conferences. Several other clips involve discussions of ICT academics and technology. The clips vary in length.

2011-08-09

184

77 FR 48169 - The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information on the Proposed Expansion: Part 1...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Investigation No. 332-536] The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...Expansion: Part 1; The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and Information...investigation No. 332-532, The Information Technology Agreement: Advice and...

2012-08-13

185

Information Technology: Its Impact on Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology  

NSF Publications Database

Evaluation of effective uses of Information technology forteaching and learning and evaluation of effective uses of information technology for disseminating material and information. Faculty Development in Information Technology-- o Information technology increases the variety of needs for training, including: the use of information technology itself, applications, teaching techniques, evaluation of available materials, indexing, and the training of graduate students.

186

Studies of Simulation Calculation of Magnitude of Future Earthquakes Using The Mdcb-5 Model Imminent Earthquake Information Monitoring Instrument Tolerance On The Earthquake Magnitude Is Less Than Ms0.5  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geology Institute, Xian Sub-Institute, Coal Science Research Institute Using the MDCB-5 Type Imminent Earthquake Monitoring Instrument to record the magnitude (voltage value), the duration (number of days) of the earthquake immi- nent abnormal (natural electromagnetic wave) of a certain earthquake, and its relativ- ity with fraction of rock, occurrence of earthquake and release of earthquake wave energy, from point of

W. X. Wang; Y. W. Yang

2002-01-01

187

Incorporating Real-time Earthquake Information into Large Enrollment Natural Disaster Course Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although most would agree that the occurrence of natural disaster events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and floods can provide effective learning opportunities for natural hazards-based courses, implementing compelling materials into the large-enrollment classroom environment can be difficult. These natural hazard events derive much of their learning potential from their real-time nature, and in the modern 24/7 news-cycle where all but the most devastating events are quickly out of the public eye, the shelf life for an event is quite limited. To maximize the learning potential of these events requires that both authoritative information be available and course materials be generated as the event unfolds. Although many events such as hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic eruptions provide some precursory warnings, and thus one can prepare background materials to place the main event into context, earthquakes present a particularly confounding situation of providing no warning, but where context is critical to student learning. Attempting to implement real-time materials into large enrollment classes faces the additional hindrance of limited internet access (for students) in most lecture classrooms. In Earth 101 Natural Disasters: Hollywood vs Reality, taught as a large enrollment (150+ students) general education course at Penn State, we are collaborating with the USGS’s National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) to develop efficient means to incorporate their real-time products into learning activities in the lecture hall environment. Over time (and numerous events) we have developed a template for presenting USGS-produced real-time information in lecture mode. The event-specific materials can be quickly incorporated and updated, along with key contextual materials, to provide students with up-to-the-minute current information. In addition, we have also developed in-class activities, such as student determination of population exposure to severe ground shaking (i.e. simulating the USGS PAGER product), tsunami warning calculations, and building damage analyses that allow the students to participate in realistic hazard analyses as the event unfolds. Examples of these templates and activities will be presented. Key to the successful implementation of real-time materials is sufficient flexibility and adaptability in the course syllabus.

Furlong, K. P.; Benz, H.; Hayes, G. P.; Villasenor, A.

2010-12-01

188

Information persistence using XML database technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) Information Management (IM) services provide information exchange and persistence capabilities that support tailored, dynamic, and timely access to required information, enabling near real-time planning, control, and execution for DoD decision making. JBI IM services will be built on a substrate of network centric core enterprise services and when transitioned, will establish an interoperable information space that aggregates, integrates, fuses, and intelligently disseminates relevant information to support effective warfighter business processes. This virtual information space provides individual users with information tailored to their specific functional responsibilities and provides a highly tailored repository of, or access to, information that is designed to support a specific Community of Interest (COI), geographic area or mission. Critical to effective operation of JBI IM services is the implementation of repositories, where data, represented as information, is represented and persisted for quick and easy retrieval. This paper will address information representation, persistence and retrieval using existing database technologies to manage structured data in Extensible Markup Language (XML) format as well as unstructured data in an IM services-oriented environment. Three basic categories of database technologies will be compared and contrasted: Relational, XML-Enabled, and Native XML. These technologies have diverse properties such as maturity, performance, query language specifications, indexing, and retrieval methods. We will describe our application of these evolving technologies within the context of a JBI Reference Implementation (RI) by providing some hopefully insightful anecdotes and lessons learned along the way. This paper will also outline future directions, promising technologies and emerging COTS products that can offer more powerful information management representations, better persistence mechanisms and improved retrieval techniques.

Clark, Thomas A.; Lipa, Brian E. G.; Macera, Anthony R.; Staskevich, Gennady R.

2005-05-01

189

Managing aviation safety through information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft airworthiness management can now take place for the commercial aircarrier fleet as a result of the FAA certification of intact aircraft nondestructive inspection (NDI) and information technologies systems which were originally developed for the Air Force. The merit of aircraft airworthiness management has proven extremely successful for the government fleet for more than a decade. The inspection and information

William E. Larsen; Kevin D. Cooksy; John Zuk

1999-01-01

190

Beyond information technology: organizational intelligence services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent organizations seek cues from their environment and, out of necessity, evaluate consequences of plans with elaborate control systems. This paper explores the direction of change in the evolution of information technology fostered by intelligent organizations. Intelligence information as a basis for linkages between organizational units, organizations, and the environment, will play a greater role in defining a platform for

Gary I. Green

1991-01-01

191

Survey of Rural Information Infrastructure Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication and information technologies can reduce the barriers of distance and space that disadvantage rural areas. This report defines a set of distinct voice, computer, and video telecommunication services; describes several rural information applications that make use of these services; and surveys various wireline and wireless systems and…

Allen, Kenneth C.; And Others

192

Empowering children and families with information technology.  

PubMed

Patient empowerment is the enhanced ability of patients to actively understand and influence their health status. Information is the key to patient empowerment. Without information, children and families cannot engage in meaningful discussions or make thoughtful decisions regarding medical care. Information sharing is a model for patient interaction with the health care system that may significantly improve the care of children and families. This article focuses on information technologies that utilize user-centered design principles and interactive capabilities to facilitate information sharing and to empower children and families. Examples include electronic pediatric personal medical records, customized health information systems, and interactive physician offices with electronic mail (e-mail) and telemedicine capabilities. Ideally, these systems would all be integrated. Successful implementation of new technologies will require thoughtful attention and balanced solutions to tensions between information sharing vs security, and curatorship vs censorship. Issues related to access and the digital divide must also be addressed. Acceptance and usability of new technologies is predicated on close collaboration among physicians, researchers in informatics, librarians, educators, and other professionals with expertise in the human-computer interface. Child and family empowerment will be both the driving force and ultimate outcome of information-sharing technologies. PMID:11576008

D'Alessandro, D M; Dosa, N P

2001-10-01

193

Information technology, the humanities and the library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some current computer-based projects in humanities re search and teaching are reviewed and the implications for the future development of library and information services to humanities scholars and for the professional education of librarians are considered. It is concluded that the penetration of information technology into humanities research and teach ing activities and the development of the concept of the

Brendan Loughridge

1989-01-01

194

Information Technology in the Virtual Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is transforming society, education, business and the economy. Library administrators must understand these changes in order to position their organizations to flourish in the networked environment. This article describes the impact of this transformation on libraries, users, and library competitors. Restructuring organizations for adaptability and rapid decision-making, taking advantage of opportunities possible with advances in networked information, integrating

Stuart Glogoff

2001-01-01

195

Enterprise Approaches to Information and Learning Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like it or not, an institution's IT infrastructure is a matter with which institutional strategic planners must concern themselves. Information systems represent a significant investment, they perform mission-critical functions, and the appropriate use of information and learning technologies can have a critical part to play in delivering against…

Ferrell, Gill

2007-01-01

196

A psychological approach to information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses from a psychological standpoint how human and more generally psychological dimensions were taken in consideration by the recent literature related to information technology security. We discuss three main psychologically relevant dimensions such as cognitive hacking, hackers profiling and human errors and distinguish four distinct levels of psychological approaches to information security.

Ivan Enrici; Mario Ancilli; Antonio Lioy

2010-01-01

197

Health Information Technology and Nursing Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing homes are considered lagging behind in adopting health information technology (HIT). Many studies have highlighted the use of HIT as a means of improving health care quality. However, these studies overwhelmingly do not provide empirical information proving that HIT can actually achieve these improvements. The main research goal of this…

Liu, Darren

2009-01-01

198

New Technology, Information Access and Educational Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of technology in Australian schools to improve information access and educational outcomes focuses on the impact on school library resource centers. Topics discussed include online information services; electronic bulletin boards; electronic mail via microcomputers; and optical storage media, including CD-ROM, hypermedia, and…

Clyde, Anne

1992-01-01

199

Applications of Optical Technology: Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses applications of optical technology, especially CD-ROMs, to information management needs. Information retrieval problems are discussed; design questions that concern the format of the data, indexing methods, and retrieval capabilities are presented; the need for updates is considered; access requirements are discussed; and the importance…

O'Connor, Mary Ann

1991-01-01

200

Governance Mechanisms in Information Technology Outsourcing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the dominance of Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) as a sourcing strategy would seem to indicate successful and well-informed practice, frequent examples of unraveled engagements highlight the associated risks. Successful instances of outsourcing suggest that governance mechanisms effectively manage the related risks. This…

Ravindran, Kiron

2010-01-01

201

78 FR 24749 - Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE Health Information Technology Policy Committee Appointment...established the Health Information Technology Policy Committee to make...implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure to the...

2013-04-26

202

76 FR 4350 - Health Information Technology Extension Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Health Information Technology Extension Program ACTION...announces changes to the Health Information Technology Extension Program, which...meaningful users of health information technology, as authorized under...

2011-01-25

203

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2011-10-01

204

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

...2014-04-01 false Office of Information Technology. 200.26a Section 200.26a Commodity...Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the...

2014-04-01

205

2 CFR 200.58 - Information technology systems.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Information technology systems. 200.58 Section 200.58 ...Definitions Acronyms § 200.58 Information technology systems. Information technology systems means computing devices,...

2014-01-01

206

48 CFR 939.7002 - Contractor acquisition of information technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Contractor acquisition of information technology. 939.7002 Section 939.7002...CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Implementing DOE Policies and Procedures...Contractor acquisition of information technology. (a) Management and...

2012-10-01

207

Center for Women and Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Women and Information Technology (CWIT), located at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, was named "the best resource on women and technology on the Web" by ABCNews.com. The center's primary goal is to promote women's involvement in the IT industry. CWIT's Web site provides a wealth of information for women, ranging from learning the basics of computers to IT training and certification. Women considering IT as a field of study will also find information on financial aid and the CWIT Scholars Program. There is a list of books and many links to news articles about women and IT that are both interesting and insightful. .

2002-01-01

208

Information technology orientation for young hospital administrators.  

PubMed

Information technology has evolved over the years and taken its place in every sector, including health care. Every health care professional uses a computer almost every day. Information technology is expected to provide the staff with reliable information for decision making, reducing medical errors and processing time and improving communication. As the health care market grows increasingly competitive and complex, hospitals are relying more and more on information technology as a primary tool to help them compete. Every postgraduate should take a basic course on computers and IT applications. Many universities and colleges offer a masters program in health administration, and with enormous numbers of new post graduates, well grounded in IT, are offering their services to hospitals and allied health care divisions. Their experiences are reflected in the various job codes, which illustrate the need for planning, careful investment, and educational training to put information technology to work in today's sophisticated advanced health care setting. Information technology cannot reach its full potential without a properly trained staff working together as a team. PMID:23016198

Bakshi, Syed Murtuza Hussain

2012-01-01

209

48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000...COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS...Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS...or other Federal agency...

2013-10-01

210

48 CFR 311.7000 - Defining electronic information technology requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Defining electronic information technology requirements. 311.7000...COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS...Defining electronic information technology requirements. HHS...or other Federal agency...

2010-10-01

211

Statistical models of interoccurrence times of Iranian earthquakes on the basis of information criteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By analyzing the seismic catalogue of Iran, the probability distributions of interoccurrence times of earthquakes were investigated for different seismotectonic settings. Several probability distributions were applied to data from major seismotectonic provinces in different cut-off magnitudes and the distribution parameters were determined through the method of maximum likelihood. With the help of goodness-of-fit tests (AIC and BIC criteria based on information theory, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test) and the coefficient of determination, we have found that the gamma statistics and generalized normal statistics coexist in interoccurrence time statistics. Our results imply that a transition from a generalized normal regime to a gamma regime occurs if the threshold magnitude in certain seismotectonic regions (Alborz-Azarbayejan, Zagros, and Central-East Iran) is changed.

Tahernia, Nadia; Khodabin, Morteza; Mirzaei, Noorbakhsh; Eskandari-Ghadi, Morteza

2012-04-01

212

75 FR 76986 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; Request for Information Regarding the...Realizing the Full Potential of Health Information Technology To Improve Healthcare for...

2010-12-10

213

Information, its role on science and technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a record of lecture at the Meeting on Scientific and Technological Information, which was held as one of the events in Science and Technology Week in 1988. Based on his fruitful experiences for creative technology and R&D, he emphasizes that this is the age of information. Referring to the importance of data and the databases which may be required in the future, he states that it is indispensable for the researchers in Japan to make full use of such databases. Finally, he proposes his ideas how the Japanese information handling organization in Japan including JICST should go on with their activities, referring to the matter on the evaluation which we Japanese fail to consider at this moment.

Nishizawa, Jun'ichi

214

Information Technology and the Future of Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will improvements in information technology eliminate face-to-face interactions and make cities obsolete? In this paper, we present a model where people make contacts and choose a mode of interaction: meeting face-to-face or communicating electronically. Cities are a means of reducing the fixed travel costs involved in face-to-face interactions. When telecommunications technology improves, there will be two opposing effects on cities

Jess Gaspar; Edward L. Glaeser

1998-01-01

215

Earthquake Location  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Earthquake location is an interesting and significant aspect of seismology. Locating earthquakes is necessary for compiling useful seismicity information, calculating magnitudes, and study of fault zones, Earth structure and the earthquake process. Methods of earthquake location involve understanding of seismic waves, wave propagation, interpretation of seismograms, Earth velocity structure, triangulation, and the concepts (and mathematics) of inverse problems. Because earthquake location can be approached with relatively simple to very complex methods, it can be included in various levels of educational curricula and for "in-depth" study. Progressively developing a deep understanding of concepts, computational techniques and applications (and the capabilities, limitations and uncertainties of these applications) is a characteristic of science and an opportunity to "learn science by doing science." A number of methods that vary from simple to complex are available for learning about earthquake location. The methods also allow connections to other important concepts in seismology and provide a variety of approaches that address different learning styles and can be used for reinforcement and assessment. Uses online and/or real-time data Has minimal/no quantitative component

Braile, Larry

216

Information Technology Budgets and Costs: Do You Know What Your Information Technology Costs Each Year?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses yearly information technology costs for academic libraries. Topics include transformation and modernization activities that affect prices and budgeting; a cost model for information technologies; life cycle costs, including initial costs and recurring costs; cost benchmarks; and examples of pressures concerning cost accountability. (LRW)

Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

217

Information Technology Assessment Study: Full Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an information technology (IT) infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology are presented. IT needs and interests for future OSS missions and current NASA IT research and development (R&D) are discussed. Non-NASA participants provide overviews of some of their IT R&D programs. Implementation and infusion issues and the findings and recommendations of the assessment team are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

218

Information systems to enhance technology exchange  

SciTech Connect

A fundamental part of international technology exchange is the compilation and dissemination of information. Worldwide environmental problems and technology development activities form the basis for important opportunities across the world and especially for those in the former Soviet Union. Recently, important agreements have been reached among Russian institutes engaged in environmental work and the US Department of Energy (DOE) and its national laboratories. These agreements will allow a systematic compilation of information on environmental contamination problems in Russia that can be included in DOE`s environmental information systems. A computer hardware and software system has been loaned to Russian scientists by the DOE for the sharing of environmental software and data, while establishing standards for future information networks.

Hunter, T.; Harrington, M.; Harlan, C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Drozhko, E. [MAYAK Production Association (United States)

1994-03-01

219

A new fast method for earthquake-triggered secondary geological hazard information extraction from high-resolution remote sensing imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earthquake-triggered secondary geological hazards usually significantly augment the destruction caused by an earthquake due to their rapid impact, long duration and high repeatability. Seismic disaster losses are often exacerbated and can cause substantial difficulties for rescue, relief and post-disaster reconstruction. The quick acquisition of disaster information is important to aid relief efforts in the 72 critical hours after an earthquake occurs. Currently, computer-aided interpretation of remotely sensed imagery of a single time phase plays a central role in information extraction for geological hazards, whereas automated interpretation is relatively limited. Because high-resolution remotely sensed imagery is rich in textures and spatial details of the imaged objects, such as their size, shape and neighborhood relationship, geologic hazard investigations employing such imagery can offer more accurate results. In this paper, a rapid method for earthquake-triggered secondary geological hazard information extraction from high-resolution remotely sensed imagery is proposed and is demonstrated to be a fast and automatic method that uses multiple image features of a hazard.

Li, Hui; Jing, Linhai; Lin, Qizhong; Liu, Qingjie; Chen, Yu

2014-03-01

220

Prioritizing Information Technology Investments: Assessing the Correlations among Technological Readiness, Information Technology Flexibility, and Information Technology Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Management's dilemma, when allocating financial resources towards the improvement of technological readiness and IT flexibility within their organizations, is to control financial risk and maximize IT effectiveness. Technological readiness is people's propensity to embrace and use technology. Its drivers are optimism, innovativeness, discomfort,…

Walter, John T.

2010-01-01

221

Historic Earthquakes in Southern California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page contains a map of southern California with epicenters of earthquakes shown as circles of different sizes and colors. The size and color of each earthquake symbol corresponds to its magnitude, as indicated by a scale on the map. Clicking on an epicenter takes the user to a page of information about that earthquake. Earthquakes dating back to 1812 are shown. Also available on this page are links to fault maps, earthquake animations, and other indexes of seismological information.

2011-04-06

222

Earthquake Hazards Program - National Earthquake Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users can access a selection of technical information and data about earthquakes in the U.S. and around the world. A current worldwide list of earthquakes is available, as are data on geophysical solutions, a catalog search, an automatic data request function, mining seismicity information, and a registry of seismograph stations.

223

Science and Technology Studies and Information Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature of the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS) and describes its relevance to Information Studies (IS). Workplace studies, key themes, the use of STS in IS research, and implications of STS for IS are also covered. (Contains 194 references.) (MES)

Van House, Nancy A.

2004-01-01

224

School Leadership and Information Communication Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration.…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Fooi, Foo Say

2008-01-01

225

Information technology in managing global supply chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

As organizations strive to become more competitive in today’s challenging business environment, global supply chain management (GSCM) infused by information technology (IT) is being offered as a paradigm to achieve dramatic improvements in cost and time. This study examines the critical role played by IT to improve GSCM practices. The paper starts by classifying all the IT related articles dealing

Jaideep Motwani; Manu Madan; A. Gunasekaran

2000-01-01

226

Managing aviation safety through information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft airworthiness management can now take place for the commercial aircarrier fleet as a result of the recent FAA certification of intact aircraft nondestructive inspection (NDI) and information technologies systems which were originally developed for the Air Force. The merit of aircraft airworthiness management has proven extremely successful for the government fleet for more than a decade. The inspection and

W. E. Larsen; K. D. Cooksy; J. Zuk

1999-01-01

227

Information technology implementation: evidence in Spanish SMEs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to use empirical evidence to measure if the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have adapted to information technologies (ITs) and analyse the extent of IT knowledge and interest in new international accounting standards as factors that align strategies and organizational culture towards continuous improvement. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical study acquires knowledge of

Raquel Pérez Estébanez; Elena Urquía Grande; Clara Muñoz Colomina

2010-01-01

228

Communication and information technology in medical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years have seen rapid advances in communication and information technology (C&IT), and the pervasion of the worldwide web into everyday life has important implications for education. Most medical schools provide extensive computer networks for their students, and these are increasingly becoming a central component of the learning and teaching environment. Such advances bring new opportunities and challenges

Jeremy PT Ward; Jill Gordon; Michael J Field; Harold P Lehmann

2001-01-01

229

New Information Technologies: A Challenge for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues concerning the introduction of information technology in education were studied as part of a project sponsored by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The following areas were explored: policies for schools and higher education and the context for the policies; implementation strategies; the impact on learning;…

Fasano, Carla

230

Information Technology in Education: The Neglected Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After less than a decade from its inception, the introduction of new information technology in Australian education has already undergone some identifiable stages. These range from the scattered development of innovative programs to the formulation of state and national policies, from the original introduction of microcomputers into schools to the…

Fasano, Carla

231

Information technology in the medical school curriculum.  

PubMed

Education up to the latter part of the 20th century used strict methods of instruction delivery, relying mostly on tried theories in cognition and social learning. Approaches in constructivism and collaborative learning affirm the success of existing methods of delivering curriculum, yet they also validate the use of information technology as a vehicle to improve student learning. PMID:22787924

Abras, Chadia N

2012-01-01

232

Information Technology in University Libraries in Karnataka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the results of a survey of the availability and use of information technology in the libraries of the University of Mysore, Karnatak University, Bangalore University, Gulbarga University, Mangalore University and Kuvempu University in Karnataka State, India. Attempts to reflect how the use of IT has impacted on the overall use of the library collections by users. Covers the use

Constantine M. Nyamboga; T. D. Kemparaju

2002-01-01

233

Information technology (IT) strategic planning for libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe an approach to information technology (IT) strategic planning for libraries and institutions of higher education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The “why, what, and how” of IT strategic planning for libraries is explained, to show the efficacy and value of long-term IT planning and budgeting. The organization, design, processes, templates, and methodologies of

Rob McGee

2006-01-01

234

Information Technology Investments in Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines investments that will ensure that library information technology (IT) meets future academic needs. Looks back on the introduction of IT to research libraries. Assesses outcomes of IT investments in terms of cost and service benefits, and then focuses on developing new service models. (AEF)

Rosenblatt, Susan

1999-01-01

235

Culture and Cognition in Information Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at explaining the outcomes of information technology education for international students using anthropological theories of cultural schemas. Even though computer science and engineering are usually assumed to be culture-independent, the practice in classrooms seems to indicate that learning patterns depend on culture. The…

Holvikivi, Jaana

2007-01-01

236

Information Technology Services Support for Emergencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For at least the last quarter century, enterprises--including higher education institutions--have increasingly relied on Information Technology Services (ITS) for business functions. As a result, IT organizations have had to develop the discipline of production operations as well as recovery procedures to respond when those operations are…

Spicer, Donald Z.

2008-01-01

237

Integrating health information technology into clinical guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current use of Health Information Technology (HIT) within healthcare practice is limited. Clinical guidelines have been developed to bring research based evidence into practice. However, there is no defining step during the development process that explores the use of HIT and how it can benefit the patient, staff and delivery of care process. This paper presents a review of

Candice MacDougall; J. Percival; C. McGregor

2009-01-01

238

Information Communication Technology (ICT) Shaping Student Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper opens with the following questions: "How prepared are you as a student affairs professional for information communication technology (ICT)? Do you understand such concepts as portals, e-business, Napster, computer use policies, and wireless communication? Will student affairs be shaped by ICT or will student affairs help shape ICT on…

Broughton, Elizabeth

239

Access America, Reengineering through Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the "Access America" report which was published in 1997 as a follow up to the National Performance Review, an assessment of federal government operations and procedures. Discusses future goals of the use of electronic services and information technology to improve government operations, systems integration, cost reduction, improved quality…

Dugan, Robert E.

1999-01-01

240

Technology, Social Innovation, and the Informal Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unpaid work in the home is an important contributor to national wealth: very nearly half of all work in a modern economy takes place outside the formal economy. A major effect of new technology is to increase the extent of informal production through the development of new productive equipment for installation in private households. Domestic production becomes more efficient, and

Jonathan Gershuny

1987-01-01

241

Leveraging Information Technology. Track VII: Outstanding Applications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track VII, Outstanding Applications, are presented. They include: "Image Databases in the University" (Reid Kaplan and Gordon Mathieson); "Using Information Technology for Travel Management at the University of Michigan" (Robert E. Russell and John C. Hufziger); "On-Line Access to University Policies…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

242

Information technology and global change science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of this paper is to identify and briefly describe major existing and near term information technologies that cold have a positive impact on the topics being discussed at this conference by helping to manage the data of global change science and h...

F. P. Baxter

1990-01-01

243

Integrating Information, Education and Technology Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education environment is undergoing significant change as it enters a global knowledge-based economy. Technology now enables students to undertake studies that are time and place independent. To thrive in a networked learner environment, new strategic relationships must be created between library and information professionals,…

O'Brien, Linda; Sidorko, Peter

244

Supply chain management and information technology support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, supply chain management, is one of the most important usable ways by modern companies to earn competitive benefit. Information technology has had very important effect on its development. Also, supply chain, is one of the management substructure bases in electronic business. Since supply chains may be long, complicated and including a lot of foreigner, partners are faced with problems

Sepide Tavassoli; Maryam Sardashti; Naghme Khajeh Nasir Toussi

2009-01-01

245

Information Technology in Libraries. A Pakistani Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents an overview of the present status of the use of library automation hardware and software in Pakistan. The following 20 articles are included: (1) "The Status of Library Automation in Pakistan"; (2) "Promoting Information Technology in Pakistan: the Netherlands Library Development Project"; (3) "Library Software in Pakistan"; (4)…

Mahmood, Khalid

246

Information Technology Standards Program management plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents a logical and realistic plan to implement the Information Technology (IT) Standards Program throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). It was developed by DOE Chief Information Officer (CIO) staff, with participation from many other individuals throughout the DOE complex. The DOE IT Standards Program coordinates IT standards activities Department-wide, including implementation of standards to support the DOE Information Architecture. The Program is voluntary, participatory, and consensus-based. The intent is to enable accomplishment of the DOE mission, and the Program is applicable to all DOE elements, both Federal and contractor. The purpose of this document is to describe the key elements of the DOE IT Standards Program.

NONE

1998-05-01

247

Medicaid information technology architecture: an overview.  

PubMed

The Medicaid Information Technology Architecture (MITA) is a roadmap and tool-kit for States to transform their Medicaid Management Information System (MMIS) into an enterprise-wide, beneficiary-centric system. MITA will enable State Medicaid agencies to align their information technology (IT) opportunities with their evolving business needs. It also addresses long-standing issues of interoperability, adaptability, and data sharing, including clinical data, across organizational boundaries by creating models based on nationally accepted technical standards. Perhaps most significantly, MITA allows State Medicaid Programs to actively participate in the DHHS Secretary's vision of a transparent health care market that utilizes electronic health records (EHRs), ePrescribing and personal health records (PHRs). PMID:17427840

Friedman, Richard H

2006-01-01

248

Tracking Earthquake Cascades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In assessing their risk to society, earthquakes are best characterized as cascades that can propagate from the natural environment into the socio-economic (built) environment. Strong earthquakes rarely occur as isolated events; they usually cluster in foreshock-mainshock-aftershock sequences, seismic swarms, and extended sequences of large earthquakes that propagate along major fault systems. These cascades are regulated by stress-mediated interactions among faults driven by tectonic loading. Within these cascades, each large event can itself cause a chain reaction in which the primary effects of faulting and ground shaking induce secondary effects, including tsunami, landslides, liquefaction, and set off destructive processes within the built environment, such as fires and radiation leakage from nuclear plants. Recent earthquakes have demonstrated how the socio-economic effects of large earthquakes can reverberate for many years. To reduce earthquake risk and improve the resiliency of communities to earthquake damage, society depends on five geotechnologies for tracking earthquake cascades: long-term probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), short-term (operational) earthquake forecasting, earthquake early warning, tsunami warning, and the rapid production of post-event information for response and recovery (see figure). In this presentation, I describe how recent advances in earthquake system science are leading to improvements in this geotechnology pipeline. In particular, I will highlight the role of earthquake simulations in predicting strong ground motions and their secondary effects before and during earthquake cascades

Jordan, T. H.

2011-12-01

249

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Earthquakes is a collaborative project of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), the Consortia of Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering (CUREE) and the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). This digital library organizes earthquake information online as a partner with the NSF-funded National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Digital Library (NSDL) and the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE). When complete, information and resources for over 500 Earth science and engineering topics will be included, with connections to curricular materials useful for teaching Earth Science, engineering, physics and mathematics. Although conceived primarily as an educational resource, the Encyclopedia is also a valuable portal to anyone seeking up-to-date earthquake information and authoritative technical sources. "E3" is a unique collaboration among earthquake scientists and engineers to articulate and document a common knowledge base with a shared terminology and conceptual framework. It is a platform for cross-training scientists and engineers in these complementary fields and will provide a basis for sustained communication and resource-building between major education and outreach activities. For example, the E3 collaborating organizations have leadership roles in the two largest earthquake engineering and earth science projects ever sponsored by NSF: the George E. Brown Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (CUREE) and the EarthScope Project (IRIS and SCEC). The E3 vocabulary and definitions are also being connected to a formal ontology under development by the SCEC/ITR project for knowledge management within the SCEC Collaboratory. The E3 development system is now fully operational, 165 entries are in the pipeline, and the development teams are capable of producing 20 new, fully reviewed encyclopedia entries each month. Over the next two years teams will complete 450 entries, which will populate the E3 collection to a level that fully spans earthquake science and engineering. Scientists, engineers, and educators who have suggestions for content to be included in the Encyclopedia can visit www.earthquake.info now to complete the "Suggest a Web Page" form.

Benthien, M.; Marquis, J.; Jordan, T.

2003-12-01

250

77 FR 70444 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee: Request for Comment...Health Records (EHRs) AGENCY: Health Information Technology (HIT) Policy Committee, Office of...

2012-11-26

251

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the analysis...industry; evaluating and recommending new information processing concepts and capabilities for application...

2009-04-01

252

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the analysis...industry; evaluating and recommending new information processing concepts and capabilities for application...

2010-04-01

253

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Site aiming to provide useful and educational information in geotechnical earthquake engineering. The site involves topics such as: liquefaction engineering, seismic slope analysis and soil structure interaction.

2008-09-29

254

Earthquake information products and tools from the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Fact Sheet provides a brief description of postearthquake tools and products provided by the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) through the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program. The focus is on products specifically aimed at providing situational awareness in the period immediately following significant earthquake events.

Wald, Lisa

2006-01-01

255

Information Technologies (ITs) in Medical Education  

PubMed Central

Advances in medicine in recent decades are in significant correlation with the advances in the information technology. Modern information technologies (IT) have enabled faster, more reliable and comprehensive data collection. These technologies have started to create a large number of irrelevant information, which represents a limiting factor and a real growing gap, between the medical knowledge on one hand, and the ability of doctors to follow its growth on the other. Furthermore, in our environment, the term technology is generally reserved for its technical component. Education means, learning, teaching, or the process of acquiring skills or behavior modification through various exercises. Traditionally, medical education meant the oral, practical and more passive transferring of knowledge and skills from the educators to students and health professionals. For the clinical disciplines, of special importance are the principles, such as, “learning at bedside,” aided by the medical literature. In doing so, these techniques enable students to contact with their teachers, and to refer to the appropriate literature. The disadvantage of these educational methods is in the fact, that teachers often do not have enough time. Additionally they are not very convenient to the horizontal and vertical integration of teaching, create weak or almost no self education, as well as, low skill levels and poor integration of education with a real social environment. In this paper authors describe application of modern IT in medical education – their advantages and disadvantages comparing with traditional ways of education.

Masic, Izet; Pandza, Haris; Toromanovic, Selim; Masic, Fedja; Sivic, Suad; Zunic, Lejla; Masic, Zlatan

2011-01-01

256

Facilitating Stroke Management using Modern Information Technology  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose Information technology and mobile devices may be beneficial and useful in many aspects of stroke management, including recognition of stroke, transport and triage of patients, emergent stroke evaluation at the hospital, and rehabilitation. In this review, we address the contributions of information technology and mobile health to stroke management. Summary of Issues Rapid detection and triage are essential for effective thrombolytic treatment. Awareness of stroke warning signs and responses to stroke could be enhanced by using mobile applications. Furthermore, prehospital assessment and notification could be streamlined for use in telemedicine and teleradiology. A mobile telemedicine system for assessing the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores has shown higher correlation and fast assessment comparing with face-to-face method. Because the benefits of thrombolytic treatment are time-dependent, treatment should be initiated as quickly as possible. In-hospital communication between multidisciplinary team members can be enhanced using information technology. A computerized in-hospital alert system using computerized physician-order entry was shown to be effective in reducing the time intervals from hospital arrival to medical evaluations and thrombolytic treatment. Mobile devices can also be used as supplementary tools for neurologic examination and clinical decision-making. In post-stroke rehabilitation, virtual reality and telerehabilitation are helpful. Mobile applications might be useful for public awareness, lifestyle modification, and education/training of healthcare professionals. Conclusions Information technology and mobile health are useful tools for management of stroke patients from the acute period to rehabilitation. Further improvement of technology will change and enhance stroke prevention and treatment.

Nam, Hyo Suk; Park, Eunjeong

2013-01-01

257

Predicting Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Five moderate-to-strong earthquakes struck California in June 2005. Could the cluster of quakes be a harbinger of the Big One? Another earthquake-prone area, New Madrid, near Memphis, Tennessee, has had more than its share of impressive quakes and strain is building along its fault lines. This radio broadcast discusses these two seismic zones, the new data based on years of GPS (Global Positioning System) measurements that may give scientists more information, and how the Earth generates the stress which leads to earthquakes. There is also discussion of the danger of tsunamis in the Virgin Islands and the need for a worldwide tsunami warning network. The broadcast is 18 minutes in length.

258

Intranet technology in hospital information systems.  

PubMed

The clinical information system architecture at the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York is being incorporated into an intranet using Internet and World Wide Web protocols. The result is an Enterprise-Wide Web which provides more flexibility for access to specific patient information and general medical knowledge. Critical aspects of the architecture include a central data repository and a vocabulary server. The new architecture provides ways of displaying patient information in summary, graphical, and multimedia forms. Using customized links called Infobuttons, we provide access to on-line information resources available on the World Wide Web. Our experience to date has raised a number of interesting issues about the use of this technology for health care systems. PMID:10175348

Cimino, J J

1997-01-01

259

Integrating Instructional Technology with Information Technology and Its Implications for Designing Electronic Learning Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper the concepts of technology, instructional technology, and information technology are presented. The integration of instructional technology, and information technology is established and its implications for electronic learning systems design are discussed. One can say that: information and instructional designers can design…

Abdelraheem, Ahmed Yousif

2005-01-01

260

Health information technology: fallacies and sober realities  

PubMed Central

Current research suggests that the rate of adoption of health information technology (HIT) is low, and that HIT may not have the touted beneficial effects on quality of care or costs. The twin issues of the failure of HIT adoption and of HIT efficacy stem primarily from a series of fallacies about HIT. We discuss 12 HIT fallacies and their implications for design and implementation. These fallacies must be understood and addressed for HIT to yield better results. Foundational cognitive and human factors engineering research and development are essential to better inform HIT development, deployment, and use.

Weinger, Matthew B; Abbott, Patricia A; Wears, Robert L

2010-01-01

261

Role of Information Technology Consultancy in the Transfer of Information Technology to Production and Service Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the role of information Technology Consultancy (ITC) in the current process of innovation diffusion and technology transfer. The paper first defines ITC as an independent activity and points out its specif...

F. Moulaert F. Martinelli F. Djellal

1990-01-01

262

Information-Technology Based Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing countries emphasize expansion of the educated population but demand for quality improvement follows later. Current science education reform is driven in part by post cold war restructuring of the global economy and associated focus on the education of a more scientifically literate society, due to the industrial change from labor-intensive to high-technology type, and the societal change inherent in the present information era. Industry needs employees of broad and flexible background with inter disciplinary training, engineers with better physics training, and well trained physicists. Education researches have proved that active-learning based methods are superior to the traditional methods and the information technology (IT) has lot to offer in this. Use of IT for improving physics education is briefly discussed with prospects for collaboration in the Asia-Pacific region via Asian Physics Education Network (ASPEN), UNESCO University Foundation Course in Physics (UUFCP), etc.

Kim, J. S.; Lee, K. H.

2001-04-01

263

East coast earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Shaking from a 23 August magnitude 5.8 earthquake that occurred in the Central Virginia Seismic Zone 135 kilometers southwest of Washington, D. C., was recorded all the way from Georgia to New England, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The earthquake caused property damage near the epicenter and also damage to a number of other structures including the Washington Monument and Washington National Cathedral. There was no damage to the AGU headquarters building in downtown Washington, according to building engineer Matthew Boyd. The strongest earthquake ever recorded in Virginia was a magnitude 5.9 quake in 1897. For more information, see http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/.

Showstack, Randy

2011-08-01

264

Controlling information technology costs, Part 2.  

PubMed

Health care executives are increasingly frustrated by Information Technology (IT). Although our industry is often accused of underinvesting in technology (hospitals average 2-3 percent of their costs in IT, compared to other industry's 8-10 percent), when IT investments are made, they fail to reflect demonstrable return to the bottom line. Yet the effective deployment of technology is so critical to the success of the organization and can in itself cause the failure of a health care system. While being forced to invest significant amounts of resources in the past two years preparing for Y2K, health care organizations have come under increasing financial pressures due to other industry developments. PMID:11968991

Honan, Tom; Ciotti, Vince

2002-01-01

265

On-Line Technology Information System (OTIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

13 slides\\u000aDocument Provider Notes: Seminar Title: Introduction to the ESM Guidelines Document and the On-Line Technology Information System; Date: 3\\/12\\/2003; Time: 10:30 AM; Location: Stewart Center Rm 202.\\u000aComments: This seminar will cover two areas of interest for the ALS NSCORT: the Equivalent System Mass Guidelines Document, which is newly drafted by members of the ALS Systems Integration, Modeling,

Julie A. Levri; Richard Boulanger; John A. Hogan; Luis Rodriguez

2003-01-01

266

Information Technology Service Management: A Thailand Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a survey conducted at the first Thailand itSMF conference held in Bangkok, Thailand in November\\u000a 2007. The results indicate that the adoption of Information Technology Service Management (ITSM) frameworks is driven mainly\\u000a by multinational and large domestic companies and the ITSM frameworks are implemented mainly to improve the quality of service\\u000a for the stakeholders

Montri Lawkobkit

2008-01-01

267

Information Technology Assessment Study: Executive Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team was formed to assess NASA Office of Space Science (OSS) information technology research and development activities. These activities were reviewed for their relevance to OSS missions, for their potential for using products better supplied by industry or other government agencies, and for recommending an IT infusion strategy for appropriate products for OSS missions. Assessment scope and methodology and the findings and recommendations of OSS IT users and providers are presented.

Peterson, John (Editor)

2002-01-01

268

Integrated Engineering Information Technology, FY93 accommplishments  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Engineering Information Technology (IEIT) project is providing a comprehensive, easy-to-use computer network solution or communicating with coworkers both inside and outside Sandia National Laboratories. IEIT capabilities include computer networking, electronic mail, mechanical design, and data management. These network-based tools have one fundamental purpose: to help create a concurrent engineering environment that will enable Sandia organizations to excel in today`s increasingly competitive business environment.

Harris, R.N.; Miller, D.K.; Neugebauer, G.L.; Orona, J.R.; Partridge, R.A.; Herman, J.D.

1994-03-01

269

Rebound effects of progress in information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology (IT) is continuously making astounding progress in technical efficiency. The time, space, material\\u000a and energy needed to provide a unit of IT service have decreased by three orders of magnitude since the first personal computer\\u000a (PC) was sold. However, it seems difficult for society to translate IT’s efficiency progress into progress in terms of individual,\\u000a organizational or socio-economic

Lorenz M. Hilty; Andreas Köhler; Fabian Von Schéele; Rainer Zah; Thomas Ruddy

2006-01-01

270

Information Technology in Public Libraries in Kuwait: A First Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the availability and use of information technology in public libraries in Kuwait. Specific areas addressed are (1) hardware\\/software, (2) patterns of connectivity such as LANs, Internet, etc., (3) training and development activities in support of information technology, and (4) future projections regarding the use of information technology. The study provides policy-makers and information professionals with previously unavailable

CHARLENE L. AL-QALLAF; HOWAYA M. AL-AZMI

2002-01-01

271

The Integration of Information and Communication Technology into Classroom Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Newfoundland study examining how information technologies affect teaching interviewed 13 teachers at a leading high school in the use of information technology. Teachers used information technology to interact on a global basis, expand resources, enhance local content, and customize material. Problems included need for training, information

Reid, Scott

2002-01-01

272

On-line Technology Information System (OTIS): Solid Waste Management Technology Information Form (SWM TIF)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: What is OTIS? OTIS use. Proposed implementation method. Development history of the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Technology Information Form (TIF) and OTIS. Current development state of the SWM TIF and OTIS. Data collection approach. Information categories. Critiques/questions/feedback.

Levri, Julie A.; Boulanger, Richard; Hogan, John A.; Rodriguez, Luis

2003-01-01

273

Information Communication Technology and Politics: A Synthesized Analysis of the Impacts of Information Technology on Voter Participation in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The availability of political information throughout society made possible by the evolution of contemporary information communication technology has precipitated conflicting debate regarding the effects of technology use on real life political participation. Proponents of technology argue that the use of new information technology stimulates…

Tsuma, Clive Katiba

2011-01-01

274

Information and Communication Technologies in Social Work  

PubMed Central

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are electronic tools used to convey, manipulate and store information. The exponential growth of Internet access and ICTs greatly influenced social, political, and economic processes in the United States, and worldwide. Regardless of the level of practice, ICTs will continue influencing the careers of social workers and the clients they serve. ICTs have received some attention in the social work literature and curriculum, but we argue that this level of attention is not adequate given their ubiquity, growth and influence, specifically as it relates to upholding social work ethics. Significant attention is needed to help ensure social workers are responsive to the technological changes in the health care system, including the health care infrastructure and use of technology among clients. Social workers also need ICT competencies in order to effectively lead different types of social change initiatives or collaborate with professionals of other disciplines who are using ICTs as part of existing strategies. This paper also identifies potential pitfalls and challenges with respect to the adoption of ICTs, with recommendations for advancing their use in practice, education, and research.

Perron, Brian E.; Taylor, Harry O.; Glass, Joseph E.; Margerum-Leys, Jon

2011-01-01

275

Measure of Clinical Information Technology Adoption  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this study was to create a new measure for clinical information technology (IT) adoption as a proxy variable of clinical IT use. Methods Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) data for 2004 were used. The 18 clinical IT applications were analyzed across 3,637 acute care hospitals in the United States. After factor analysis was conducted, the clinical IT adoption score was created and evaluated. Results Basic clinical IT systems, such as laboratory, order communication/results, pharmacy, radiology, and surgery information systems had different adoption patterns from advanced IT systems, such as cardiology, radio picture archiving, and communication, as well as computerized practitioner order-entry. This clinical IT score varied across hospital characteristics. Conclusions Different IT applications have different adoption patterns. In creating a measure of IT use among various IT components in hospitals, the characteristics of each type of system should be reflected. Aggregated IT adoption should be used to explain technology acquisition and utilization in hospitals.

Lee, Jinhyung

2013-01-01

276

The Information Technology Career Cluster Initiative: Demystifying IT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Information Technology Career Cluster Initiative and the tools it has developed to help educators improve information technology programs. Suggests that educators use the model and tools to guide program development, improvement, and expansion. (JOW)

Malyn-Smith, Joyce

2003-01-01

277

17 CFR 200.26a - Office of Information Technology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Organization § 200.26a Office of Information Technology. The Office of Information Technology is responsible for the analysis, design programming, operation...out by other divisions and offices, and furnishing...

2013-04-01

278

Information Technology Training in India toward Globalization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes Toshiba?s training program in Information Technology in India. It is not a simple technology training, but a training for globalization of Japanese engineers so that they can cope with people from different culture and business practices. We first describe why such training program became necessary. We then describe how the training courses and contents are developed. The operation of the training program and our effort in continual improvement are explained. The effectiveness of the program is also evaluated. The training program presented is a first in its kind and we believe that it can contribute to changing Toshiba from inside toward more globalized corporation. We also believe that this kind of overseas training is effective in training young students so that they can cope with globalizing society after graduation.

Yamashita, Katsuhiko

279

Geographical Information Analysis of Tsunami Flooded Area by the Great East Japan Earthquake Using Mobile Mapping System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The great earthquake occurred in Tohoku District, Japan on 11th March, 2011. This earthquake is named "the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake", and the damage by this earthquake is named "the Great East Japan Earthquake". About twenty thousand people were killed or lost by the tsunami of this earthquake, and large area was flooded and a large number of buildings were destroyed by the tsunami. The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI) has provided the data of tsunami flooded area interpreted from aerial photos taken just after the great earthquake. This is fundamental data of tsunami damage and very useful for consideration of reconstruction planning of tsunami damaged area. The authors analyzed the relationship among land use, landform classification, DEMs data flooded depth of the tsunami flooded area by the Great East Japan Earthquake in the Sendai Plain using GIS. Land use data is 100 meter grid data of National Land Information Data by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transportation and Tourism (MLIT). Landform classification data is vector data of Land Condition Map produced by GSI. DEMs data are 5 meters grid data measured with LiDAR by GSI after earthquake. Especially, the authors noticed the relationship between tsunami hazard damage and flooded depth. The authors divided tsunami damage into three categories by interpreting aerial photos; first is the completely destroyed area where almost wooden buildings were lost, second is the heavily damaged area where a large number of houses were destroyed by the tsunami, and third is the flooded only area where houses were less destroyed. The flooded depth was measured by photogrammetric method using digital image taken by Mobile Mapping System (MMS). The result of these geographic analyses show the distribution of tsunami damage level is as follows: 1) The completely destroyed area was located within 1km area from the coastline, flooded depth of this area is over 4m, and no relationship between damaged area and landform classification. 2) The heavily damaged area was observed up to 3 or 4km from the coastline. Flooded depth of this area is over 1.5m, and there is a good relationship between damaged area and height of DEMs. 3) The flood only area was observed up to 4 or 5km from the coastline. Flooded depth of this area was less than 1.5m, and there is a good relationship between damaged area and landform. For instance, a certain area in valley plain or flooded plain was not affected by the tsunami, even though an area with almost the same height in coastal plain or delta was flooded. These results mean that it is important for tsunami disaster management to consider not only DEMs but also landform classification.

Koarai, M.; Okatani, T.; Nakano, T.; Nakamura, T.; Hasegawa, M.

2012-07-01

280

76 FR 57615 - National Health Information Technology Week, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Health information technology connects doctors and...health care. This technology is critical to improving patient...Nation's veterans. Better technology can also cut costs...systems can enable software that puts...

2011-09-15

281

Information technology strategic planning: art or science?  

PubMed

It had been almost a decade since the hospitals that make up the Daughters of Charity Health System (DCHS) had engaged in a formal information technology strategic planning process. In the summer of 2002, as the health system re-formed, there was a unique opportunity to introduce a planning process that reflected the governance style of the new health system. DCHS embarked on this journey, with the CIO initiating and formally sponsoring the information technology strategic planning process in a dynamic and collaborative manner The system sought to develop a plan tailored to encompass both enterprise-wide and local requirements; to develop a governance model to engage the members of the local health ministries in plan development, both now and in the future; and to conduct the process in a manner that reflected the values of the Daughters of Charity. The DCHS CIO outlined a premise that the CIO would guide and be continuously involved in the development of this tailored process, in conjunction with an external resource. Together, there would be joint responsibility for introducing a flexible information technology strategic planning methodology; providing an education on the current state of healthcare IT, including future trends and success factors; facilitating support to tap into existing internal talent; cultivating a collaborative process to support both current requirements and future vision; and developing a well-functioning governance structure that would enable the plan to evolve and reflect user community requirements. This article highlights the planning process, including the lessons learned, the benchmarking during and in post-planning, and finally, but most importantly, the unexpected benefit that resulted from this planning process. PMID:16045082

Hutsell, Richard; Mancini-Newell, Lulcy

2005-01-01

282

Transforming Care Delivery through Health Information Technology  

PubMed Central

The slow but progressive adoption of health information technology (IT) nationwide promises to usher in a new era in health care. Electronic health record systems provide a complete patient record at the point of care and can help to alleviate some of the challenges of a fragmented delivery system, such as drug-drug interactions. Moreover, health IT promotes evidence-based practice by identifying gaps in recommended treatment and providing clinical decision-support tools. In addition, the data collected through digital records can be used to monitor patient outcomes and identify potential improvements in care protocols. Kaiser Permanente continues to advance its capability in each of these areas.

Wheatley, Benjamin

2013-01-01

283

Medication errors: prevention using information technology systems.  

PubMed

1. Given the high frequency of medication errors with resultant patient harm and cost, their prevention is a worldwide priority for health systems. 2. Systems that use information technology (IT), such as computerized physician order entry, automated dispensing, barcode medication administration, electronic medication reconciliation, and personal health records, are vital components of strategies to prevent medication errors, and a growing body of evidence calls for their widespread implementation. 3. However, important barriers, such as the high costs of such systems, must be addressed through economic incentives and government policies. 4. This paper provides a review of the current state of IT systems in preventing medication errors. PMID:19594538

Agrawal, Abha

2009-06-01

284

Medication errors: prevention using information technology systems  

PubMed Central

Given the high frequency of medication errors with resultant patient harm and cost, their prevention is a worldwide priority for health systems. Systems that use information technology (IT), such as computerized physician order entry, automated dispensing, barcode medication administration, electronic medication reconciliation, and personal health records, are vital components of strategies to prevent medication errors, and a growing body of evidence calls for their widespread implementation. However, important barriers, such as the high costs of such systems, must be addressed through economic incentives and government policies. This paper provides a review of the current state of IT systems in preventing medication errors.

Agrawal, Abha

2009-01-01

285

The value of information technology in healthcare.  

PubMed

Not only will healthcare investments in information technology (IT) continue, they are sure to increase. Just as other industries learned over time how to extract more value from IT investments, so too will the healthcare industry, and for the same reason: because they must. This article explores the types of business value IT has generated in other industries, what value it can generate in healthcare, and some of the barriers encountered in achieving that value. The article ends with management principles for IT investment. PMID:12645778

Skinner, Richard I

2003-01-01

286

Earthquake Education Environment (E3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Education Environment (E3) supports high-quality K-12 and undergraduate education by providing up-to-date earthquake information, authoritative technical sources, and educational resources for the classroom.

2007-07-16

287

Techno-Human Mesh: The Growing Power of Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the intersection of information technologies, power, people, and bodies. It explores how information technologies are on a path of creating efficiency, productivity, profitability, surveillance, and control, and looks at the ways in which human-machine interface technologies, such as wearable computers, biometric technologies,…

West, Cynthia K.

288

Geographic information system planning for geotechnical and earthquake engineering applications at the Savannah River Site, SC  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) of the Savannah River Site is in the planning stages of compiling a geological, geophysical, and seismological data base on an industry standard Geographic Information System (GIS). The system will serve as a tool for management and integration of already collected site data,planning for additional investigations, and for special studies such as seismic hazard and risk analyses for the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Lee, R.

1993-01-01

289

Geographic information system planning for geotechnical and earthquake engineering applications at the Savannah River Site, SC  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) of the Savannah River Site is in the planning stages of compiling a geological, geophysical, and seismological data base on an industry standard Geographic Information System (GIS). The system will serve as a tool for management and integration of already collected site data,planning for additional investigations, and for special studies such as seismic hazard and risk analyses for the Savannah River Site (SRS).

Lee, R.

1993-02-01

290

What the Information Professional Can Learn from the Information Technology and Project Management Knowledge Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are various forces driving change in the knowledge and skills areas for information professionals: 1) technologies, 2) changing environments, and 3) the changing role of information technology management. These forces affect all levels of information technology-based professionals--those responsible for information processing and those responsible for information services. This paper discusses and reviews the pertinent literature that deals with the

Edwin M. Cortez; Edward Kazlauskas; Sanjay K. Dutta

2004-01-01

291

Information Technology in the Health Care Industry: A Primer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses current and future applications of information technology within the health care industry. It presents some broad strategies for approaching information technology investments and various tools available. It also discusses how information technology can support the medical providers' competitive strategy.

Peter B. Southard; Soongoo Hong; Keng Siau

2000-01-01

292

Information Technologies in Florida's Rural Hospitals: Does System Affiliation Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The recent explosive growth of information technology in hospitals promises to improve hospital and patient outcomes. Financial barriers may cause rural hospitals to lag in adoption of information technology, however, formal studies that examine rural hospital adoption of information technology are lacking. Purpose: To determine the…

Menachemi, Nir; Burke, Darrell; Clawson, Art; Brooks, Robert G.

2005-01-01

293

Potential of information technology in dental education.  

PubMed

The use of information technology (IT) in dentistry is far ranging. In order to produce a working document for the dental educator, this paper focuses on those methods where IT can assist in the education and competence development of dental students and dentists (e.g. e-learning, distance learning, simulations and computer-based assessment). Web pages and other information-gathering devices have become an essential part of our daily life, as they provide extensive information on all aspects of our society. This is mirrored in dental education where there are many different tools available, as listed in this report. IT offers added value to traditional teaching methods and examples are provided. In spite of the continuing debate on the learning effectiveness of e-learning applications, students request such approaches as an adjunct to the traditional delivery of learning materials. Faculty require support to enable them to effectively use the technology to the benefit of their students. This support should be provided by the institution and it is suggested that, where possible, institutions should appoint an e-learning champion with good interpersonal skills to support and encourage faculty change. From a global prospective, all students and faculty should have access to e-learning tools. This report encourages open access to e-learning material, platforms and programs. The quality of such learning materials must have well defined learning objectives and involve peer review to ensure content validity, accuracy, currency, the use of evidence-based data and the use of best practices. To ensure that the developers' intellectual rights are protected, the original content needs to be secure from unauthorized changes. Strategies and recommendations on how to improve the quality of e-learning are outlined. In the area of assessment, traditional examination schemes can be enriched by IT, whilst the Internet can provide many innovative approaches. Future trends in IT will evolve around improved uptake and access facilitated by the technology (hardware and software). The use of Web 2.0 shows considerable promise and this may have implications on a global level. For example, the one-laptop-per-child project is the best example of what Web 2.0 can do: minimal use of hardware to maximize use of the Internet structure. In essence, simple technology can overcome many of the barriers to learning. IT will always remain exciting, as it is always changing and the users, whether dental students, educators or patients are like chameleons adapting to the ever-changing landscape. PMID:18289271

Mattheos, N; Stefanovic, N; Apse, P; Attstrom, R; Buchanan, J; Brown, P; Camilleri, A; Care, R; Fabrikant, E; Gundersen, S; Honkala, S; Johnson, L; Jonas, I; Kavadella, A; Moreira, J; Peroz, I; Perryer, D G; Seemann, R; Tansy, M; Thomas, H F; Tsuruta, J; Uribe, S; Urtane, I; Walsh, T F; Zimmerman, J; Walmsley, A D

2008-02-01

294

Standards Advisor-Advanced Information Technology for Advanced Information Delivery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Developers of space systems must deal with an increasing amount of information in responding to extensive requirements and standards from numerous sources. Accessing these requirements and standards, understanding them, comparing them, negotiating them and responding to them is often an overwhelming task. There are resources to aid the space systems developer, such as lessons learned and best practices. Again, though, accessing, understanding, and using this information is often more difficult than helpful. This results in space systems that: 1. Do not meet all their requirements. 2. Do not incorporate prior engineering experience. 3. Cost more to develop. 4. Take longer to develop. The NASA Technical Standards Program (NTSP) web site at http://standards.nasa.gov has made significant improvements in making standards, lessons learned, and related material available to space systems developers agency-wide. The Standards Advisor was conceived to take the next steps beyond the current product, continuing to apply evolving information technology that continues to improve information delivery to space systems developers. This report describes the features of the Standards Advisor and suggests a technical approach to its development.

Hawker, J. Scott

2003-01-01

295

Understanding Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource features links to: an earthquake quiz; a rotating globe showing earthquake locations; famous earthquake accounts by Mark Twain, Jack London, Charles Darwin, and John Muir; a Java animation of the gradual buildup of stress that leads to earthquakes; a three-page history of seismology to 1910; and other educational and earthquake websites.

296

25 CFR 543.20 - What are the minimum internal control standards for information technology and information...  

...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? 543.20 Section 543.20 Indians...minimum internal control standards for information technology and information technology data? (a)...

2014-04-01

297

Innovation Value of Information Technology: Impact of Information Technology--Intensity on Innovation Capability and Firm Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though information technology adoptions have been always referred to as innovations in firms, much of the business value literature has concentrated on the tangible and immediately measurable impacts of information technology (IT) adoptions. This study aims to explore the impact of information technology investments on the innovativeness of a…

Ramamani, Mahesh Kumar

2010-01-01

298

Technological Change and the Evolution of Information Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Access to information through technology brings information policy to the forefront of legislative debates and libraries must articulate their interests in the process. Defines information policy and highlights conflicting perspectives and opinions. A model of technology practice explains the interest in information policy, where a change in one…

Weingarten, Fred W.

1996-01-01

299

Information technology and underdevelopment in the Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is taking centre stage as the world approaches the twenty-first century. The enormous advantages it has in easing the delivery of information around the world, as well as the central role of information in the new global economy, means that information technology will shape the dynamics of the new millennium. However, for most Third World countries, faced with

Samuel W. Jimba

1999-01-01

300

Information Technology and the Curriculum: A Status Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology infuses all aspects of modern life, and the growth of digital information continues at an unprecedented rate. Widely influential documents, such as the National Research Council's "Being Fluent with Information Technology" and the American Library Association's "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher…

Perry, Claudia A.

2004-01-01

301

Teaching introductory information technology through English in China: Innovative approaches to information technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United International College (UIC) is a new Liberal Arts college in Southern China, whose goals include creating an innovative international education model for China that can contribute to the welfare of the nation and the world. All non-Computer Science major students in UIC are required to take an introductory Information technology (IT) course. This paper identifies some of the

Haifei Huang; Dave Towey

2010-01-01

302

Effectiveness of Information Technology Infrastructure Library Process Implementations by Information Technology Departments within United States Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study examined whether the overall effectiveness of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) could be predicted by measuring multiple independent variables. The primary variables studied included the number of ITIL process modules adopted and the overall ITIL "maturity level." An online survey was used to collect data…

Persinger, Jon F.

2010-01-01

303

Technological frames: making sense of information technology in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we build on and extend research into the cognitions and values of users and designers by proposing a systematic approach for examining the underlying assumptions, expectations, and knowledge that people have about technology. Such interpretations of technology (which we call technological frames) are central to understanding technological development, use, and change in organizations. We suggest that where

Wanda J. Orlikowski; Debra C. Gash

1994-01-01

304

75 FR 39044 - Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training Administration [TA-W-72,286] Unisys Corporation, Technology Business Segment, Unisys Information Technology Division, Formerly...April 29, 2010, applicable to workers of Unisys Corporation, Technology Business...

2010-07-07

305

Global Technology Revolution. Bio/Nano/Materials Trends and Their Synergies with Information Technology by 2015.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NIC believed that various technologies (including information technology, biotechnology, nanotechnology (broadly defined), and materials technology) have the potential for significant and dominant global effects by 2015. The input presented in this re...

P. S. Anton R. Silberglitt J. Schneider

2004-01-01

306

Automation technology using Geographic Information System (GIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Airport Surface Movement Area is but one of the actions taken to increase the capacity and safety of existing airport facilities. The System Integration Branch (SIB) has designed an integrated system consisting of an electronic moving display in the cockpit, and includes display of taxi routes which will warn controllers and pilots of the position of other traffic and warning information automatically. Although, this system has in test simulation proven to be accurate and helpful; the initial process of obtaining an airport layout of the taxi-routes and designing each of them is a very tedious and time-consuming process. Other methods of preparing the display maps are being researched. One such method is the use of the Geographical Information System (GIS). GIS is an integrated system of computer hardware and software linking topographical, demographic and other resource data that is being referenced. The software can support many areas of work with virtually unlimited information compatibility due to the system's open architecture. GIS will allow us to work faster with increased efficiency and accuracy while providing decision making capabilities. GIS is currently being used at the Langley Research Center with other applications and has been validated as an accurate system for that task. GIS usage for our task will involve digitizing aerial photographs of the topology for each taxi-runway and identifying each position according to its specific spatial coordinates. The information currently being used can be integrated with the GIS system, due to its ability to provide a wide variety of user interfaces. Much more research and data analysis will be needed before this technique will be used, however we are hopeful this will lead to better usage of man-power and technological capabilities for the future.

Brooks, Cynthia L.

1994-01-01

307

Functional safety of health information technology.  

PubMed

In an effort to improve patient safety and reduce adverse events, there has been a rapid growth in the utilisation of health information technology (HIT). However, little work has examined the safety of the HIT systems themselves, the methods used in their development or the potential errors they may introduce into existing systems. This article introduces the conventional safety-related systems development standard IEC 61508 to the medical domain. It is proposed that the techniques used in conventional safety-related systems development should be utilised by regulation bodies, healthcare organisations and HIT developers to provide an assurance of safety for HIT systems. In adopting the IEC 61508 methodology for HIT development and integration, inherent problems in the new systems can be identified and corrected during their development. Also, IEC 61508 should be used to develop a healthcare-specific standard to allow stakeholders to provide an assurance of a system's safety. PMID:22447876

Chadwick, Liam; Fallon, Enda F; van der Putten, Wil J; Kirrane, Frank

2012-03-01

308

Training and information technology issue, 2005  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the May-June issue is on training and information technology. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Communicating effectively, by Alain Bucaille, AREVA; Reputation management, by Susan Brisset, Bruce Power; Contol room and HSI modernization guidance, by Joseph Naser, EPRI; How far are we from public acceptance, by Jennifer A. Biedscheid and Murthy Devarakonda, Washington TRU Solutions LLC; Spent fuel management options, by Brent W. Dixon and Steven J. Piet, Idaho National Laboratory; Industry Awards; A secure energy future for America, by George W. Bush, President, United States of America; Vision of the future of nuclear energy, by Anne Lauvergeon, AREVA; and, Plant profile: strategy for transition to digital, TXU Power.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2005-05-15

309

Information technology and the board of directors.  

PubMed

Ever since the Y2K scare, boards have grown increasingly nervous about corporate dependence on information technology. Since then, computer crashes, denial of service attacks, competitive pressures, and the need to automate compliance with government regulations have heightened board sensitivity to IT risk. Unfortunately, most boards remain largely in the dark when it comes to IT spending and strategy, despite the fact that corporate information assets can account for more than 50% of capital spending. A lack of board oversight for IT activities is dangerous, the authors say. It puts firms at risk in the same way that failing to audit their books would. Companies that have established board-level IT governance committees are better able to control IT project costs and carve out competitive advantage. But there is no one-size-fits-all model for board supervision of a company's IT operations. The correct approach depends on what strategic "mode" a company is in whether its operations are extremely dependent on IT or not, and whether or not it relies heavily on keeping up with the latest technologies. This article spells out the conditions under which boards need to change their level of involvement in IT decisions, explaining how members can recognize their firms' IT risks and decide whether they should pursue more aggressive IT governance. The authors delineate what an IT governance committee should look like in terms of charter, membership, duties, and overall agenda. They also offer recommendations for developing IT policies that take into account an organization's operational and strategic needs and suggest what to do when those needs change. Given the dizzying pace of change in the world of IT, boards can't afford to ignore the state of their IT systems and capabilities. Appropriate board governance can go a long way toward helping a company avoid unnecessary risk and improve its competitive position. PMID:16250628

Nolan, Richard; McFarlan, F Warren

2005-10-01

310

Earthquakes of the Holocene.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Areas in which significant new data and insights have been obtained are: 1) fault slip rates; 2) earthquake recurrence models; 3) fault segmentation; 4) dating past earthquakes; 5) paleoseismicity in the E and central US; 6) folds and earthquakes, and 7) future earthquake behavior. Summarizes important trends in each of these research areas based on information published between June 1982 and June 1986 and preprints of papers in press. The bibliography for this period contains mainly referred publications in journals and books.-from Author

Schwartz, D. P.

1987-01-01

311

75 FR 5595 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-02-03

312

75 FR 70923 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-11-19

313

75 FR 57276 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-09-20

314

75 FR 42091 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-07-20

315

75 FR 151 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-01-04

316

75 FR 29762 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-05-27

317

75 FR 51819 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-08-23

318

75 FR 16126 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-03-31

319

75 FR 57026 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-09-17

320

76 FR 9784 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2011-02-22

321

75 FR 51820 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; HIT Policy Committee...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. ACTION: Notice...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC). The...

2010-08-23

322

75 FR 57521 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-21

323

76 FR 76640 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology, which apply to federal...Section 508) Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility...

2011-12-08

324

76 FR 34886 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...effective date that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

2011-06-15

325

75 FR 55360 - Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program: Draft NITRD 2010...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FOUNDATION Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development...Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and...

2010-09-10

326

76 FR 64386 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-10-18

327

75 FR 55616 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-13

328

75 FR 57079 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2010-09-17

329

76 FR 77738 - Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Guidelines; Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...Guidelines and its Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards...standards for electronic and information technology covered by Section 508...

2011-12-14

330

78 FR 77662 - Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW...General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction...

2013-12-24

331

77 FR 67028 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...meeting will include: Information Technology--The Effects on and...

2012-11-08

332

77 FR 749 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...and orders that include information technology (IT) supplies, services...January 6, 2012 that include information technology (IT) supplies,...

2012-01-06

333

75 FR 77753 - Pilot Program for the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel AGENCY: Department...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology (IT) Personnel. This...the Temporary Exchange of Information Technology Personnel,'' to...

2010-12-14

334

77 FR 38092 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...purpose of soliciting from the information technology community and other...

2012-06-26

335

77 FR 43106 - Tribal Consultation Sessions-Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of the Interior Information Technology Infrastructure Consolidation...tribal input on the 2012 Information Technology transformation realignment proposal as well as on how Information Technology transformation should...

2012-07-23

336

77 FR 6825 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2012-02-09

337

78 FR 72718 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announce a meeting of the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Public Admission to the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2013-12-03

338

76 FR 18800 - NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee; Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NASA Advisory Council; Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...announces a meeting for the Information Technology Infrastructure Committee...Executive Secretary for the Information Technology Infrastructure...

2011-04-05

339

14 CFR 1274.937 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. 1274.937 Section...requirements for unclassified information technology resources. Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources July 2002 (a)...

2011-01-01

340

Information Technology and Corporate Strategy: A Research Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of information technology (IT) as a competitive weapon has become a popular cliché; but there is still a marked lack of understanding of the issues that determine the influence of information technology on a particular organization and the processes that will allow a smooth coordination of technology and corporate strategy. This article surveys the major efforts to arrive

J. Yannis Bakos; Michael E. Treacy

1986-01-01

341

Value Addition in Information Technology and Literacy: An Empirical Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research is to analyze the value addition in students' information communication and technology (ICT) literacy level and confidence in using technology after completing a general education information technology course at a four-year university. An online survey was created to examine students' perceptions. The findings revealed…

Sanghera, Kamaljeet K.

2009-01-01

342

Computing, Information, and Communications Technology (CICT) Program Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Computing, Information and Communications Technology (CICT) Program's goal is to enable NASA's Scientific Research, Space Exploration, and Aerospace Technology Missions with greater mission assurance, for less cost, with increased science return through the development and use of advanced computing, information and communication technologies

VanDalsem, William R.

2003-01-01

343

Human Resource Information Systems: Backbone Technology of Contemporary Human Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Human Resource (HR) function of organizations is changing rapidly, reacting to a changing social and organizational environment and rapidly evolving information technologies. Social and organizational changes exert pressure on HR professionals to provide expanded services, of a higher quality, faster, and seamlessly linked with other corporate functions (Pfeffer, 1997). Information technologies (IT), which provide enabling technologies to assist HR

ANTHONY R. HENDRICKSON

2003-01-01

344

Information and Communications Technologies Center (ICT) YouTube Channel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page presents the YouTube channel of the National Center for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT Center). There is a growing collection of videos - focusing on information and communication technologies - on topics such as Second Life, the oscilloscope, digital media production, games and gaming, as well as a number of interviews with others in the telecommunications technology field.

2008-09-08

345

Information Technology in Complex Health Services  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective: To identify impediments to the successful transfer and implementation of packaged information systems through large, divisionalized health services. Design: A case analysis of the failure of an implementation of a critical application in the Public Health System of the State of New South Wales, Australia, was carried out. This application had been proven in the United States environment. Measurements: Interviews involving over 60 staff at all levels of the service were undertaken by a team of three. The interviews were recorded and analyzed for key themes, and the results were shared and compared to enable a continuing critical assessment. Results: Two components of the transfer of the system were considered: the transfer from a different environment, and the diffusion throughout a large, divisionalized organization. The analyses were based on the Scott-Morton organizational fit framework. In relation to the first, it was found that there was a lack of fit in the business environments and strategies, organizational structures and strategy-structure pairing as well as the management process-roles pairing. The diffusion process experienced problems because of the lack of fit in the strategy-structure, strategy-structure-management processes, and strategy-structure-role relationships. Conclusion: The large-scale developments of integrated health services present great challenges to the efficient and reliable implementation of information technology, especially in large, divisionalized organizations. There is a need to take a more sophisticated approach to understanding the complexities of organizational factors than has traditionally been the case.

Southon, Frank Charles Gray; Sauer, Chris; Dampney, Christopher Noel Grant (Kit)

1997-01-01

346

Information technology and under-served communities.  

PubMed

Advances in information technology (IT) and telecommunications offer many potential benefits to Australia's under-served communities. However, there is also a risk that some of these communities will only be further disadvantaged, as IT will not contribute greatly to bringing groups such as the mentally ill and illiterate into the mainstream of the community. However, other under-served groups may experience service improvements. For people who do not have English as their first language, IT developments provide opportunities for cheaper and easier service and information delivery in their own languages. Telemedicine and IT also have the potential to make working in rural areas more attractive. On the other hand, telemedicine may be used as a means to bypass local health service providers, as has happened with other service industries. The health sector, though, is well behind these other industries in adopting IT and telecommunications. The growth of telemedicine projects is one indication that progress is being made, however. Two case studies--of telepsychiatry, and of medical education at Flinders University--provide examples of major Australian successes. The medical workforce implications will involve the overall numbers and mix of practitioners, their geographical distribution, changing professional boundaries and changing skill requirements. The only certain effect is that if IT changes the nature of medical work, large numbers of medical practitioners will need to improve their computer skills and older practitioners will find this most difficult. PMID:10628012

Swanson, B

1999-01-01

347

Information technology in veterinary pharmacology instruction.  

PubMed

Veterinary clinical pharmacology encompasses all interactions between drugs and animals and applies basic and clinical knowledge to improve rational drug use and patient outcomes. Veterinary pharmacology instructors set educational goals and objectives that, when mastered by students, lead to improved animal health. The special needs of pharmacology instruction include establishing a functional interface between basic and clinical knowledge, managing a large quantity of information, and mastering quantitative skills essential to successful drug administration and analysis of drug action. In the present study, a survey was conducted to determine the extent to which veterinary pharmacology instructors utilize information technology (IT) in their teaching. Several IT categories were investigated, including Web-based instructional aids, stand-alone pharmacology software, interactive videoconferencing, databases, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and e-book applications. Currently IT plays a largely ancillary role in pharmacology instruction. IT use is being expanded primarily through the efforts of two veterinary professional pharmacology groups, the American College of Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology (ACVCP) and the American Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (AAVPT). The long-term outcome of improved IT use in pharmacology instruction should be to support the larger educational mission of active learning and problem solving. Creation of high-quality IT resources that promote this goal has the potential to improve veterinary pharmacology instruction within and across institutions. PMID:14976618

Kochevar, Deborah T

2003-01-01

348

Report on the Trend of the Utilization of Information Technology for the Exchange and Communication of Scientific and Technological Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science and Technology Agency conducted research on utilization of information technology in future scientific and technological information dissemination systems. This paper describes the outline of this study. Based on the hearing from information specialists, questionnaires to personnels in charge of R & D as well as documentation sections of organizations, and the literature search this report discusses a new type of information distributing system having its origin in prospects on usage forms of scientific and technological information, and the information disseminating technology. As to scientific and technological information for Keihanshin District it also grasps the needs for its use, analyzes the trend in the distributing systems and describes subjects for promoting information and communication in this District.

Dobashi, Hisashi; Sawaki, Masataka

349

Information Literacy Education on College of Technology at Kyushu Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, the importance of an engineering education increases by the development of the information technology (IT) . Development of the information literacy education is important to deal with new IT in the education on college of technology. Our group investigated the current state of information literacy education on college of technology at Kyushu area and the secondary education. In addition, we investigated about the talent whom the industrial world requested. From these investigation results, this paper proposed cooperation with the elementary and secondary education, enhancement of intellectual property education, introduction of information ethics education, introduction of career education and enhancement of PBL to information literacy education on college of technology.

Kozono, Kazutake; Ikeda, Naomitsu; Irie, Hiroki; Fujimoto, Yoichi; Oshima, Shunsuke; Murayama, Koichi; Taguchi, Hirotsugu

350

Improving and Integrating Ground and Satellite Based Observational Technologies for Earthquake Precursor Studies: the Case of Abruzzo Earthquake (april 6, 2009; ML~5.8) (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Abruzzo earthquake (ML~5.8) occurred on 6 April 2009 other than be considered one of the major natural disasters occurred in recent years over Italian peninsula, can be account as a ``natural laboratory'' for better understanding the preparatory phases of seismic events. In fact, several studies based on different observations (seismological, geodetic, geochemical and remotely sensed) have been performed which,

V. Tramutoli; R. Corrado; C. Filizzola; N. Genzano; M. Lisi; N. Pergola

2010-01-01

351

Information Technology and Community Restoration Studies/Task 1: Information Technology  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary The Interagency Biological Restoration Demonstration—a program jointly funded by the Department of Defense's Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) Science and Technology Directorate—is developing policies, methods, plans, and applied technologies to restore large urban areas, critical infrastructures, and Department of Defense installations following the intentional release of a biological agent (anthrax) by terrorists. There is a perception that there should be a common system that can share information both vertically and horizontally amongst participating organizations as well as support analyses. A key question is: "How far away from this are we?" As part of this program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted research to identify the current information technology tools that would be used by organizations in the greater Seattle urban area in such a scenario, to define criteria for use in evaluating information technology tools, and to identify current gaps. Researchers interviewed 28 individuals representing 25 agencies in civilian and military organizations to identify the tools they currently use to capture data needed to support operations and decision making. The organizations can be grouped into five broad categories: defense (Department of Defense), environmental/ecological (Environmental Protection Agency/Ecology), public health and medical services, emergency management, and critical infrastructure. The types of information that would be communicated in a biological terrorism incident include critical infrastructure and resource status, safety and protection information, laboratory test results, and general emergency information. The most commonly used tools are WebEOC (web-enabled crisis information management systems with real-time information sharing), mass notification software, resource tracking software, and NW WARN (web-based information to protect critical infrastructure systems). It appears that the current information management tools are used primarily for information gathering and sharing—not decision making. Respondents identified the following criteria for a future software system. It is easy to learn, updates information in real time, works with all agencies, is secure, uses a visualization or geographic information system feature, enables varying permission levels, flows information from one stage to another, works with other databases, feeds decision support tools, is compliant with appropriate standards, and is reasonably priced. Current tools have security issues, lack visual/mapping functions and critical infrastructure status, and do not integrate with other tools. It is clear that there is a need for an integrated, common operating system. The system would need to be accessible by all the organizations that would have a role in managing an anthrax incident to enable regional decision making. The most useful tool would feature a GIS visualization that would allow for a common operating picture that is updated in real time. To capitalize on information gained from the interviews, the following activities are recommended: • Rate emergency management decision tools against the criteria specified by the interviewees. • Identify and analyze other current activities focused on information sharing in the greater Seattle urban area. • Identify and analyze information sharing systems/tools used in other regions.

Upton, Jaki F.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Stein, Steven L.

2009-11-19

352

Information Technology - Need of the Hour Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

money, but in terms of information.This studey examines the evolution of tech- nology which is responsible for wide spread penetration of computer technology in to the social fabric. Primarily the need of efficiency in complex organizations led to greater to greater demand for availability of accurate and timely information. Information technology respond to this challenge. Well known communication scientist Marshal

MANOJ DAYAL

353

Levels of information technology (IT) applications in Muslim world libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utilisation of information technology (IT) has become an indicator of a country's wealth level. Countries, which fail to prepare for information technology and do not use it properly, are likely to lose their global competitiveness. Muslim countries have paid little attention to leverage the benefits offered by the IT use in their library and information centres. The first part

Muhammad Ramzan

2004-01-01

354

The impact of information technology in biological sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of computer and information technology thereafter has been making such conspicuously remarkable changes in every aspect of life that its importance cannot be over accentuated. Biological sciences are not an exception in the profit made from IT. This study aims to investigate the impact of information technology in biological sciences. The descriptive library based research showed that information

Alireza Iranbakhsh; Seyyed Hassan Seyyedrezaei

2011-01-01

355

An Aggregated Information Technology Checklist for Operational Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the issue of the Information Technology (IT) Governance frameworks and standards that respond to different levels of operational risks, especially those caused by the information systems and technology infrastructure. A requirement analysis regarding Basel II is conducted, a gap analysis between the Information Control Models (ICMs) is performed, and the aggregated IT checklist for Operational Risk Management

Mehmet Zeki Önal

2007-01-01

356

System Detection Technology Based on Multisensor Information Fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

System detection technology based on multi-sensor information fusion makes full use of redundant and complementary information between sensors, which overcomes the shortcomings of single sensor and improves the detection accuracy. In this paper, the detection technology is briefly introduced, which contains the basic model and detection process of a detection system. According to the different abstract degree of information, the

Ma Li; Xu Cixiong; He Zhengfeng

2011-01-01

357

Three Essays on Information Technology Security Management in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing complexity and sophistication of ever evolving information technologies has spurred unique and unprecedented challenges for organizations to protect their information assets. Companies suffer significant financial and reputational damage due to ineffective information technology security management, which has extensively been shown to…

Gupta, Manish

2011-01-01

358

Analysis of Information Technology Evolution: An Entropy Tree Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we analyze the nature of the evolution of technology, particularly information technology. The pace of evolution in IT demands rapid adaptation by programmers and engineers. This means keeping abreast of changing programming languages and techniques. This paper proposes a technology entropy tree which illustrates the hierarchical relationship between previous and successor technologies. The purpose of our proposal

Seongwoo Kim; Sunshin An

2007-01-01

359

Information Technology Online: A Knowledge Framework for Curriculum Externalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with increasing competition for students and funds, Australian universities hope that innovative technologies will provide the capability to offer flexible learning pathways that meet the needs of current and future students. However, the application of such technologies to develop an IT (information technology) degree for online external delivery is a difficult and complex process with both technological and human

Andrew Finegan; Jodi Tutty; Barbara White

360

The NASA Integrated Information Technology Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document defines an Information Technology Architecture for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), where Information Technology (IT) refers to the hardware, software, standards, protocols and processes that enable the creation, manipulation, storage, organization and sharing of information. An architecture provides an itemization and definition of these IT structures, a view of the relationship of the structures to each other and, most importantly, an accessible view of the whole. It is a fundamental assumption of this document that a useful, interoperable and affordable IT environment is key to the execution of the core NASA scientific and project competencies and business practices. This Architecture represents the highest level system design and guideline for NASA IT related activities and has been created on the authority of the NASA Chief Information Officer (CIO) and will be maintained under the auspices of that office. It addresses all aspects of general purpose, research, administrative and scientific computing and networking throughout the NASA Agency and is applicable to all NASA administrative offices, projects, field centers and remote sites. Through the establishment of five Objectives and six Principles this Architecture provides a blueprint for all NASA IT service providers: civil service, contractor and outsourcer. The most significant of the Objectives and Principles are the commitment to customer-driven IT implementations and the commitment to a simpler, cost-efficient, standards-based, modular IT infrastructure. In order to ensure that the Architecture is presented and defined in the context of the mission, project and business goals of NASA, this Architecture consists of four layers in which each subsequent layer builds on the previous layer. They are: 1) the Business Architecture: the operational functions of the business, or Enterprise, 2) the Systems Architecture: the specific Enterprise activities within the context of IT systems, 3) the Technical Architecture: a common, vendor-independent framework for design, integration and implementation of IT systems and 4) the Product Architecture: vendor=specific IT solutions. The Systems Architecture is effectively a description of the end-user "requirements". Generalized end-user requirements are discussed and subsequently organized into specific mission and project functions. The Technical Architecture depicts the framework, and relationship, of the specific IT components that enable the end-user functionality as described in the Systems Architecture. The primary components as described in the Technical Architecture are: 1) Applications: Basic Client Component, Object Creation Applications, Collaborative Applications, Object Analysis Applications, 2) Services: Messaging, Information Broker, Collaboration, Distributed Processing, and 3) Infrastructure: Network, Security, Directory, Certificate Management, Enterprise Management and File System. This Architecture also provides specific Implementation Recommendations, the most significant of which is the recognition of IT as core to NASA activities and defines a plan, which is aligned with the NASA strategic planning processes, for keeping the Architecture alive and useful.

Baldridge, Tim

1997-01-01

361

An Information Technology Architecture for Pharmaceutical Research and Development  

PubMed Central

Rationale for and development of an information technology architecture are presented. The architectural approach described produces a technology environment that is integrating, flexible, robust, productive, and future-oriented. Issues accompanying architecture development and potential impediments to success are discussed.

Klingler, Daniel E.; Jaffe, Marvin E.

1990-01-01

362

Information Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST)  

NSF Publications Database

... is in direct response to the concern about shortages of information technology workers in the United ... is in direct response to the concern about shortages of technology workers in the United States ...

363

Model in Joint Information Technology, Supreme Command Headquarters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Software Engineering Institute's (SEI) Capability Maturity Model (CMM) is analyzed to identify its technological and economic applicability for the Joint Information Technology (JIT), Supreme Command Headquarters, Royal Thai Ministry of Defense. Kurt ...

J. Thongmuang

1995-01-01

364

Incorporating Real-time Earthquake Information into Large Enrollment Natural Disaster Course Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although most would agree that the occurrence of natural disaster events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and floods can provide effective learning opportunities for natural hazards-based courses, implementing compelling materials into the large-enrollment classroom environment can be difficult. These natural hazard events derive much of their learning potential from their real-time nature, and in the modern 24\\/7 news-cycle where all

K. P. Furlong; H. Benz; G. P. Hayes; A. Villasenor

2010-01-01

365

Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), a consortium of universities and research institutions dedicated to gathering information about earthquakes in Southern California, integrate that knowledge into a comprehensive and predictive understanding of earthquake phenomena, and communicate this understanding to end-users and the general public in order to increase earthquake awareness, reduce economic losses, and save lives. News of recent earthquake research, online resources and educational information is available here.

366

Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Computer Science and Information Technology Gateways and Resources collection is comprised of web portals, web sites, and resources in many areas including algorithms and data structures, operating systems and programming languages, software engineering, artificial intelligence, information science, digital-library technologies, and others. Here may be found materials for educators and learners, resources intended for the general public, and materials aimed at research communities devoted to computer science and information technology.

2008-03-14

367

An Aggregated Information Technology Checklist for Operational Risk Management An Aggregated Information Technology Checklist for Operational Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the issue of the Information Technology (IT) Governance fra- meworks and standards that respond to different levels of operational risks, especially those caused by the information systems and technology infrastructure. A require- ment analysis regarding Basel II is conducted, a gap analysis between the Information Control Models (ICMs) is performed, and the aggregated IT checklist for Operational

Mehmet Zeki Önal

368

[New information technologies and health consumerism].  

PubMed

Concepts related to consumption have shifted to include social processes not previously covered by traditional categories. The current review analyzes the application of classical concepts of consumerism to practices recently identified in the health field, like the phenomenon of cyberchondria. The theoretical challenge relates to the difficulty in extrapolating from the economic perspectives of consumerism to self-care issues in the context of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Drawing on recent anthropological categories, the study seeks to understand the phenomenon of self-care commodification under the imperative of self-accountability for health. New consumer identities are described in light of the unprecedented issues concerning technical improvements currently altering the nature of self-care. The study concludes that health is consumed as vitality, broken down into commercial artifacts in the context of a new bioeconomy - no longer linked to the idea of emulation and possession, but to forms of self-perception and self-care in the face of multiple risks and new definitions of the human being. PMID:21229207

Vasconcellos-Silva, Paulo Roberto; Castiel, Luis David; Bagrichevsky, Marcos; Griep, Rosane Harter

2010-08-01

369

Medical Information & Technology: Rapidly Expanding Vast Horizons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During ÑMedical Council Of India?, Platinum Jubilee Year (1933-2008) Celebrations, In Year 2008, Several Scientific Meeting/Seminar/Symposium, On Various Topics Of Contemporary Importance And Relevance In The Field Of ÑMedical Education And Ethics?, Were Organized, By Different Medical Colleges At Various Local, State, National Levels. The Present Discussion, Is An Comprehensive Summary Of Various Different Aspects of ìMedical Information Communication Technologyî, Especially UseFul For The Audience Stratum Group Of Those Amateur Medical & Paramedical Staff, With No Previous Work Experience Knowledge Of Computronics Applications. Outlining The, i.Administration Applications: Medical Records Etc, ii. Clinical Applications: Pros pective Scope Of TeleMedicine Applicabilities Etc iii. Other Applications: Efforts To Augment Improvement Of Medical Education, Medical Presentations, Medical Education And Research Etc. ÑMedical Trancription? & Related Recent Study Fields e.g ÑModern Pharmaceuticals?,ÑBio-Engineering?, ÑBio-Mechanics?, ÑBio-Technology? Etc., Along With Important Aspects Of Computers-General Considerations, Computer Ergonomics Assembled To Summarize, The AwareNess Regarding Basic Fundamentals Of Medical Computronics & Its Practically SuccessFul Utilities.

Sahni, Anil K.

2012-12-01

370

Information technology resource management in radiation oncology.  

PubMed

The ever-increasing data demands in a radiation oncology (RO) clinic require medical physicists to have a clearer understanding of the information technology (IT) resource management issues. Clear lines of collaboration and communication among administrators, medical physicists, IT staff, equipment service engineers and vendors need to be established. In order to develop a better understanding of the clinical needs and responsibilities of these various groups, an overview of the role of IT in RO is provided. This is followed by a list of IT related tasks and a resource map. The skill set and knowledge required to implement these tasks are described for the various RO professionals. Finally, various models for assessing one's IT resource needs are described. The exposition of ideas in this white paper is intended to be broad, in order to raise the level of awareness of the RO community; the details behind these concepts will not be given here and are best left to future task group reports. PMID:19918239

Siochi, R Alfredo; Balter, Peter; Bloch, Charles D; Bushe, Harry S; Mayo, Charles S; Curran, Bruce H; Feng, Wenzheng; Kagadis, George C; Kirby, Thomas H; Stern, Robin L

2009-01-01

371

National Resources Canada: National Earthquake Hazards Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Natural Resources Canada comes the National Earthquake Hazards Program Web site. Those interested in earthquakes in general or specifically about physical science topics in Canada will appreciate the many informational offerings on the site. Readers can learn about historical earthquakes in Canada and how frequent they are, find out how earthquake hazards are evaluated, how to survive an earthquake, earthquake research in Canada, and much more. The Products and Publications link contains several interesting downloadable reports including monthly earthquake summaries, among others. All of these culminate in an interesting accumulation of seismic information and facts presented in a straightforward and easily read format.

372

Quantum Information Technology: Entanglement, Teleportation, and Memory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A team of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Northwestern University worked to develop the technology elements needed to perform long-distance, high-fidelity qubit teleportation. In particular: this team developed novel sources...

J. H. Shapiro

2005-01-01

373

Improving and Integrating Ground and Satellite Based Observational Technologies for Earthquake Precursor Studies: the Case of Abruzzo Earthquake (april 6, 2009; ML~5.8) (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Abruzzo earthquake (ML~5.8) occurred on 6 April 2009 other than be considered one of the major natural disasters occurred in recent years over Italian peninsula, can be account as a “natural laboratory” for better understanding the preparatory phases of seismic events. In fact, several studies based on different observations (seismological, geodetic, geochemical and remotely sensed) have been performed which, with their singular convergences, demonstrated the usefulness of multi-disciplinary research for earthquake precursors studies. In this paper a Robust Satellite data analysis Technique (RST) is applied to MSG-SEVIRI TIR radiances in order to investigate possible relations between earthquake occurrence and space-time fluctuations of Earth’s emitted TIR radiation at the time of the Abruzzo earthquake. For the first time, RST analysis has been performed by coupling the advantage (low observational noise) offered by geostationary satellite measurements (MSG/SEVIRI in this case) with the one (low natural noise) expected by using LST (Land Surface Temperature) products (less affected by atmospheric water vapour variations) instead than simple TIR radiances at the sensors. Results achieved in terms of increased S/N ratio (in validation) and reduced “false alarms” rate (in confutation) will be discussed in the case of the Abruzzo comparing results obtained by applying RST to LST products with the ones achieved by applying an identical RST analysis (using the same MSG-SEVIRI data-set 2005-2010) to the TIR radiances at the sensor. Results will be discussed also in comparison with independent observations made from ground and from space in the same period in order to emphasize advantages of combined multi-parametric observational strategies. Perspective and opportunities opened in this direction by projects recently funded by EC on related topics will be also presented.

Tramutoli, V.; Corrado, R.; Filizzola, C.; Genzano, N.; Lisi, M.; Pergola, N.

2010-12-01

374

Mid-America Earthquake Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Understanding earthquakes is a complex process, and the Mid-Americ Earthquake Center is one of three national earthquake engineering research centers set up to work on a variety of approaches to a broad set of related scientific concerns. Based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Center consists of a consortium of nine core institutions and is funded by the National Science Foundation. The Center's primary work is within four areas, including information technology and consequence-based risk management frameworks. Recognizing that they serve a broad range of visitors to their website, the Center has established a number of informative introductions on their homepage for the general public, potential industry partners, members of the press, and K-12 educators. While a number of visitors may be interested in their technical reports and software packages, most visitors will want to look over the graduate and undergraduate teaching modules, which will be of great use to educators in the engineering and geophysical sciences and their students. Additionally, the Center's site provides access to a number of informative webcasts, including presentations on seismic performances of bridges.

375

Information Technology Used for Education for Information in the Maiduguri Library School, Nigeria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the information technology resources available at the Maiduguri Library School and their care and maintenance, and information technologies available outside the library school that are used for information education. Recommendations for the improvement of resources include training academic staff and including the study of information

Nweke, Ken M. C.

1989-01-01

376

New disruptive technologies: the information professional’s role  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is noted how the traditional role of the information professional has been changed by the responsibility for assessing and introducing the wide range of new information technologies (IT). In addition to considering the content and value to the organization of new information resources, information professionals must also consider the readiness of the organization to accept their introduction and the

Susan Hallam

2001-01-01

377

Religious Education and Information Technology: Challenges and Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With advances in information technology, the velocity of information production on the global level has expanded as well. This acceleration has led to the delegitimizing of knowledge, the equating of information with knowledge, and the giving of predominance to information rather than knowledge. This advance has created epistemological challenges…

Sajjadi, Seyed Mahdi

2008-01-01

378

Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review contains eight papers on topics within the field of information science and technology. The papers are divided into three sections as follows: (1) Planning Information Systems and Services, including "Information Ownership and Control" (Tomas A. Lipinski); and "Pricing and Marketing Online Information Services" (Sheila Anne Elizabeth…

Williams, Martha E., Ed.

1999-01-01

379

Information Technology Support in the 8000 Directorate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

My summer internship was spent supporting various projects within the Environmental Management Office and Glenn Safety Office. Mentored by Eli Abumeri, I was trained in areas of Information Technology such as: Servers, printers, scanners, CAD systems, Web, Programming, and Database Management, ODIN (networking, computers, and phones). I worked closely with the Chemical Sampling and Analysis Team (CSAT) to redesign a database to more efficiently manage and maintain data collected for the Drinking Water Program. This Program has been established for over fifteen years here at the Glenn Research Center. It involves the continued testing and retesting of all drinking water dispensers. The quality of the drinking water is of great importance and is determined by comparing the concentration of contaminants in the water with specifications set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its 1986 and 1991 amendments. The Drinking Water Program consists of periodic testing of all drinking water fountains and sinks. Each is tested at least once every 2 years for contaminants and naturally occurring species. The EPA's protocol is to collect an initial and a 5 minute draw from each dispenser. The 5 minute draw is what is used for the maximum contaminant level. However, the CS&AT has added a 30 second draw since most individuals do not run the water 5 minutes prior to drinking. This data is then entered into a relational Microsoft Access database. The database allows for the quick retrieval of any test@) done on any dispenser. The data can be queried by building number, date or test type, and test results are documented in an analytical report for employees to read. To aid with the tracking of recycled materials within the lab, my help was enlisted to create a database that could make this process less cumbersome and more efficient. The date of pickup, type of material, weight received, and unit cost per recyclable. This information could then calculate the dollar amount generated by the recycling of certain materials. This database will ultimately prove useful in determining the amounts of materials consumed by the lab and will help serve as an indicator potential overuse.

2004-01-01

380

Images of Historical Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Information Service for Earthquake Engineering of the University of California, Berkeley maintains the Images of Historical Earthquakes Web site. The hundreds of illustrations are accessible by an alphabetical table of countries or regions, or by a chronological list beginning in 464 BC and ending in 1932. Each image contains a brief description, a link for more information, and a link to the image itself. The fascinating photographs and other graphics, along with the historical content, make the site a wonderful online resource for anyone interested in history, earthquakes, photography, or related topics.

381

Technology evolution drives need for greater information technology security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Securing the enterprise perimeter is not enough; we must secure the data itself. This simple idea has taken decades to become a practical technology, and is built upon a foundation of policies and processes.

Richard Levine

2005-01-01

382

Health Insurance Claim Review Using Information Technologies  

PubMed Central

Objectives The objective of this paper is to describe the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA)'s payment request (PARE) system that plays the role of the gateway for all health insurance claims submitted to HIRA, and the claim review support (CRS) system that supports the work of claim review experts in South Korea. Methods This study describes the two systems' information technology (IT) infrastructures, their roles, and quantitative analysis of their work performance. It also reports the impact of these systems on claims processing by analyzing the health insurance claim data submitted to HIRA from April 1 to June 30, 2011. Results The PARE system returned to healthcare providers 2.7% of all inpatient claims (97,930) and 0.1% of all outpatient claims (317,007) as un-reviewable claims. The return rate was the highest for the hospital group as 0.49% and the lowest rate was found in clinic group. The CRS system's detection rate of the claims with multiple errors in inpatient and outpatient areas was 23.1% and 2.9%, respectively. The highest rate of error detection occurred at guideline check-up stages in both inpatient and outpatient groups. Conclusions The study found that HIRA's two IT systems had a critical role in reducing heavy administrative workloads through automatic data processing. Although the return rate of the problematic claims to providers and the error detection rate by two systems was low, the actual count of the returned claims was large. The role of IT will become increasingly important in reducing the workload of health insurance claims review.

Yoon, Jeong-Sik; Speedie, Stuart M.; Yoon, Hojung; Lee, Jiseon

2012-01-01

383

Enzyme Technology Digest. An Information Exchange in Enzyme Technology. Volume 5, Number 2, July 1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Enzyme Technology Digest, an information exchange in enzyme technology, is issued three times a year. This issue includes feature articles on the following topics: Diseases resulting from enzymatic deficiencies in lysosomes catabolizing gangliosides; and ...

H. Sobel E. Lawton

1976-01-01

384

Educators Using Information Technology. GIS Video Series. [Videotape].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 57-minute videotape covers the "Florida Educators Using Information Technology" session of the "Eco-Informa '96" conference. Two speakers presented examples of environmental educators using information technology. The first speaker, Brenda Maxwell, is the Director and Developer of the Florida Science Institute based at Brevard Community…

A M Productions Inc., Vancouver (British Columbia).

385

An approach for information technology to utilize knowledge management tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a practical oriented work which focuses on how Knowledge Management (KM) has embraced Information Technology Management (ITM), specifically, key aspects such as knowledge activities, strategies, leadership, tools, systems, training, culture,..., etc. The article talks about the future plans towards IT enabled KM System\\/ Tools Development in information technology. As well as the paper comprises state-of-the-art KM tools,

Ibrahim Mohammad Al-Harkan; Syed Raiyan Ghani

2010-01-01

386

Pre-service teachers' views on their information technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concern that teachers are being inadequately prepared by their pre-service education to be confident and competent users of information technology remains, despite over a decade of computer availability in education systems. This paper examines the views of 234 pre-service teachers who experienced an information technology component in their teacher education course. It finds that many students have low computer

Glenice Watson

1997-01-01

387

Promoting Information Technology in Pakistan: the Netherlands Library Development Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the activities of the Netherlands Library Development Project (NLDP) for the promotion of information technology in Pakistan. During a period of five years, NLDP made great efforts in the fields of manpower training, hardware supply, software development, information networks, and curriculum development in Pakistan. It set up computer training centres for training librarians, introduced electronic mail and CD-ROM technology

Khalid Mahmood

1996-01-01

388

Developing a strategic planning framework for information technologies for libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fundamental structural change caused by information technologies not only affects the technical services of libraries but also shapes the library services that are being offered to the public. Libraries are possibly faced with a much more dangerous kind of competition than the one customary among direct competitors: the substitution competition caused by new information technologies. A first step for

Ulrich Hofmann

1995-01-01

389

Library Information Technology Collaborations at the University of New Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology services and programs at the University of New Mexico are delivered by a mixture of distributed and centralized operations. Collaborations between the distributed services, largely in academic areas, as well as with central Information Technologies have been developed largely around point of need, historical arrangements, and personal interests. Recent changes in the leadership for Academic Affairs, the Office

Martha Bedard; Dale Hendrickson; Rebecca Lubas; Johann Van Reenen

2012-01-01

390

Evaluating the Effect of Information Technology in Small Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information technology (IT) has become a strategic vehicle for small businesses to achieve and sustain their competitive advantage. Prior research has suggested that information technology plays an important role in the decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organizational IT performance and…

Newman, Peter

2010-01-01

391

Both Promise and Peril: Information Technology and Experiential Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because new information-age learning models incorporate experiential education theories and practices, integration of information technology is an opportunity to integrate experiential methods. Scenarios are presented for integrating technology into experiential curricula. Problems include cost, training, lack of quality software, and…

Stringer, L. Allison

1999-01-01

392

Information Technology Development in the French Educational System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses educational planning that has taken place in France since 1970 to integrate information technology into the educational system. Plans discussed include those aimed at teacher training, introduction of microcomputers at all educational levels, quality software production, availability of information technology to citizens, and…

Lefranc, Robert

1985-01-01

393

Schools Coping with the Impact of Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses school responses to changes in information technology, based on survey data and case studies of four school districts in Manitoba, Canada. Financial, administrative, and political issues appear to have dominated the agenda. Debates over priorities, costs, and expectations of teachers have been central. Information technology has not yet…

Riffel, J. Anthony; Levin, Benjamin

1997-01-01

394

Preparing for a New Century: Information Technology Workforce Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to determine workforce needs in the new information technology/knowledge-based world in order to design a coherent minor program in information technology at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for the non-technically oriented college student. The process consisted of three phases: site visits to five…

Teeter, Thomas A.; Bailey, Janet L.; Cherepski, Don D.; Faucett, John; Hines, Robert J.; Jovanovic, Nickolas S.; Tschumi, Pete; Walker, Jeffery T.; Watson, Gretchen B.

395

Funding Models for Information Technology in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A persistent increase in student, faculty, and administrative demand for information technology has resulted in a sharp rise in the total cost of computing services to universities. In response, universities must develop long-term strategic planning processes and policies to establish priorities for information technology investments, determine…

Orcutt, Ronald L.

1986-01-01

396

Homeland security: the possible, probable, and perils of information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology is a key component in both defending against and aiding terrorism threats. The author considers the background in making progress with technology, bioterrorism and other forms of terrorism, cybersecurity - national (and global) critical information infrastructure protection, and the possibility of the establishment of a new department, the Department of (National) Homeland Security. He concludes that, more than

Luis G. Kun

2002-01-01

397

Enterprise Information Technology Organizational Flexibility: Managing Uncertainty and Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chief Information Officers (CIOs) lead enterprise information technology organizations (EITOs) in today's dynamic competitive business environment. CIOs deal with external and internal environmental changes, changing internal customer needs, and rapidly changing technology. New models for the organization include flexibility and suggest that CIOs…

Patten, Karen Prast

2009-01-01

398

Information Technology and Its Impact on American Education (Summary Report).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary of report prepared for the 97th Congress presents two conclusions: the information revolution, driven by rapid advances in communication and computer technology, is profoundly affecting American education; and information technology can improve and enrich educational services, distributing education and training into such new…

Computing Teacher, 1983

1983-01-01

399

The advancement of maintenance information technology : A literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Maintenance management information technology (MMIT) systems have existed for some 40 years. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the advancement of these systems and compares the development of MMIT with other corporate information technology (IT) systems. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is a literature study of 97 scientific papers within the topic of MMIT in the period

Mirka Kans

2009-01-01

400

Information Technology, Core Competencies, and Sustained Competitive Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model that depicts a possible connection between competitive advantage and information technology. Focuses on flexibility of the information technology infrastructure as an enabler of core competencies, especially mass customization and time-to-market, that have a relationship to sustained competitive advantage. (Contains 82…

Byrd, Terry Anthony

2001-01-01

401

Effective integration of information and communications technology in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective delivery of the new information technology (IT) curriculum for student teachers in the United Kingdom, which started in September 1998, is an important challenge for initial teacher training institutions. This article identifies three main obstacles that may limit its successful implementation – student access to computers, the communications and information technology (ICT) policy adopted by initial teacher training providers

Colette Murphy; Lillian Greenwood

1998-01-01

402

America's New Deficit: The Shortage of Information Technology Workers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

America's New Deficit: The Shortage of Information Technology Workers, a 1997 US Commerce Department Office of Technology Policy study (available in Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only, suggests that the United States "could face a growing shortage of information technology workers that would have severe consequences for U.S. competitiveness, economic growth, and job creation." It provides evidence that fast growing companies have trouble finding enough information technology workers for their operations. As a solution to this problem, the study recommends that the United States develop its labor force skills to maintain its lead in productivity and competitiveness.

1997-01-01

403

Caltech Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory Technical Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Institute of Technology Library System and the Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory provides the Caltech Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory Technical Reports Web site. Visitors will find access to technical reports by browsing the categorized sets from the Center for Research on the Prevention of Natural Disasters, Dynamics Laboratory, Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory, and the Soil Mechanics Laboratory, as well as the section entitled Policy Documents. The materials can also be viewed by year (going back to 1952) or fully searched to gain access to the full-text reports, which include offerings like Impact of Seismic Risk on Lifetime Property Values. Although the topics covered are somewhat limited on the site, those interested will appreciate the well organized and informative resources provided.

404

Information Technology and Interests in Scholarly Communication: A Discourse Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the concept of information technology and scholarly communication as meta-communication as well as journal articles focuses on discourse analysis based on three interview interactions. Highlights include technological determinism; a social constructivist approach to technology; the indexical category of research; and interest…

Jacobs, Neil

2001-01-01

405

Improving Outcome Assessment in Information Technology Program Accreditation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of March 2010, there were fourteen Information Technology programs accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, known as ABET, Inc (ABET Inc. 2009). ABET Inc. is the only recognized institution for the accreditation of engineering, computing, and technology programs in the U.S. There are currently over 128 U.S. schools…

Goda, Bryan S.; Reynolds, Charles

2010-01-01

406

Assessing Pre-Service Teachers' Information and Communication Technologies Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of a redesigned educational technology course on preservice teachers' knowledge and skills with regard to information and communications technology as defined by ISTE's National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers (NETS-T) was investigated in this study. Two changes were made to the course: (1) a commercially available…

Kovalik, Cindy; Kuo, Chia-Ling; Karpinski, Aryn

2013-01-01

407

Human resource information systems (HRIS) and technology trust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars in many disciplines have considered the antecedents and consequences of various forms of trust. This paper generates 11 propositions exploring the relationship between Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) and the trust an individual places in the inanimate technology (technology trust) and models the effect of those relationships on HRIS implementation success. Specifically, organizational, technological, and user factors are considered

Susan K. Lippert; Paul Michael Swiercz

2005-01-01

408

Localized technological change, new information technology and the knowledge-based economy: The European evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   This work analyzes the co-evolution of new information and communication technologies and the knowledge-intensive business\\u000a industry. New information technology affects the actual conditions of information, its basic characteristics of appropriation\\u000a and tradability, favouring the role of business services as forces of interaction between knowledge components in the generation\\u000a of new technology. Empirical analyses, based on input\\/output statistics of the

Cristiano Antonelli

1998-01-01

409

Information Handling Skills, Cognition and New Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ways in which new technologies, including multimedia and the World Wide Web, support and enhance a range of skills associated with deep-level processing and meaningful learning such as metacognition, problem solving, and critical thinking. Argues that these technologies are underestimated in their capacity to facilitate intellectual…

Chambers, Phil

1999-01-01

410

UH Information Technology Services: Faculty Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are increasingly looking toward technology to overcome geographical barriers to access, and this has placed new demands on faculty to explore the potential of technology in their classrooms. As a result, faculty development in the use of appropriate applications for teaching and learning has become a critical issue. In the 2000…

Okimoto, Hae

2002-01-01

411

78 FR 34347 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; the Building Construction Technology Extension...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; the Building Construction Technology Extension Pilot Client Impact...techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted...

2013-06-07

412

75 FR 55301 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request...Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing...techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted...

2010-09-10

413

75 FR 55303 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Institute of Standards and Technology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request...Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Manufacturing...techniques or other forms of information technology. Comments submitted...

2010-09-10

414

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements. 495...STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE PROGRAM Requirements Specific... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements....

2012-10-01

415

42 CFR 495.332 - State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements. 495...STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE PROGRAM Requirements Specific... State Medicaid health information technology (HIT) plan requirements....

2011-10-01

416

Information technology and medication safety: what is the benefit?  

PubMed Central

?? Medication errors occur frequently and have significant clinical and financial consequences. Several types of information technologies can be used to decrease rates of medication errors. Computerized physician order entry with decision support significantly reduces serious inpatient medication error rates in adults. Other available information technologies that may prove effective for inpatients include computerized medication administration records, robots, automated pharmacy systems, bar coding, "smart" intravenous devices, and computerized discharge prescriptions and instructions. In outpatients, computerization of prescribing and patient oriented approaches such as personalized web pages and delivery of web based information may be important. Public and private mandates for information technology interventions are growing, but further development, application, evaluation, and dissemination are required.

Kaushal, R; Bates, D

2002-01-01

417

Earthquake Myths  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site serves to belie several popular myths about earthquakes. Students will learn that most earthquakes do not occur in the early morning and one cannot be swallowed up by an earthquake. In addition, there is no such thing as earthquake weather and California is not falling into the ocean. On the more practical side, students can learn that good building codes do not insure good buildings, it is safer under a table than in a doorway during an earthquake, and most people do not panic during an earthquake.

418

Earthquakes: The Prehistoric Record  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geologic features altered by earthquakes provide striking evidence of the power of seismic events. This video segment explores the research of Dr. Kerry Sieh, a geologist at the California Institute of Technology, who is dating sediment layers broken and offset by earthquakes in the past to determine the rate at which strain is accumulating towards the next event. The segment is three minutes nineteen seconds in length. A background essay and discussion questions are included.

419

Evolving Information Technology: A Case Study of the Effects of Constant Change on Information Technology Instructional Design Architecture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major challenge for Information Technology (IT) programs is that the rapid pace of evolution of computing technology leads to frequent redesign of IT courses. The problem is exacerbated by several factors. Firstly, the changing technology is the subject matter of the discipline and is also frequently used to support instruction; secondly, this…

Helps, Richard

2010-01-01

420

EQInfo - earthquakes world-wide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EQInfo is a free Android app providing recent earthquake information from various earthquake monitoring centers as GFZ, EMSC, USGS and others. It allows filtering of agency, region and magnitude as well as controlling update interval, institute priority and alarm types. Used by more than 25k active users and beeing in the top ten list of Google Play, EQInfo is one of the most popular apps for earthquake information.

Weber, Bernd; Herrnkind, Stephan

2014-05-01

421

Revolutionizing Health Care Through Information Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. health care system is acknowledged to be the world's most advanced scientifically and technologically. But amid multimilliondollar diagnostic instruments, highly trained caregivers, and a vast facilities infrastructure, the most fundamental and p...

2004-01-01

422

48 CFR 1804.470 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources. 1804.470 ...Safeguarding Classified Information Within Industry 1804.470 Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT)...

2009-10-01

423

48 CFR 1804.470 - Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for unclassified information technology (IT) resources. 1804.470 ...Safeguarding Classified Information Within Industry 1804.470 Security requirements for unclassified information technology (IT)...

2010-10-01

424

Becoming Information Literate about Information Technology and the Ethics of Toxic Waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

As instruction librarians and other faculty encourage the classroom use of information technologies, ethical issues arise. Information literacy students are frequently taught about a number of ethical, legal, and social issues involved in the use of information technology. However, the environmental impact of electronic waste (e-waste), the product of our industrialized society, is one issue that has received scant attention.

Vivien-Elizabeth Zazzau

2006-01-01

425

The Influence of Information Technology on Patient-Physician Relationships  

PubMed Central

Interpersonal relationships and information are intertwined as essential cornerstones of health care. Although information technology (IT) has done much to advance medicine, we are not even close to realizing its full potential. Indeed, issues related to mismanaging health information often undermine relationship-centered care. Information technology must be implemented in ways that preserve and uplift relationships in care, while accommodating major deficiencies in managing information and making medical decisions. Increased collaboration between experts in IT and relationship-centered care is needed, along with inclusion of relationship-based measures in informatics research.

Weiner, Michael; Biondich, Paul

2006-01-01

426

The Impact of Information Technology on Information Science: Implications for Courses in the U.K.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay discusses technological developments that are likely to have an impact on information science in next few years: microcomputers, satellite telecommunications, graphic information, online developments. Implications for the information profession, implications for information science courses, educational practice in 2001, and information

Oppenheim, Charles

1983-01-01

427

Earthquake Demonstration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demonstration uses an "earthquake machine" constructed from bricks, sand paper, and a winch, to simulate the buildup of elastic strain energy prior to a seismic event and the release of that energy during an earthquake.

428

Integration of Logistics Information System and RFID Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is aimed at discussing the integration of logistics information system and RFID (radio frequency identification) technology to improve the informatization level of logistics management. Based on analyzing the functional demand of logistics information system, a framework of logistics information system is constructed. There are five levels in the framework: physical level, technical level, data layer, functional level and

Zhongwei Wang; Hongbo Wang; Yan Pang

2009-01-01

429

Achieving sustainable complexity through information technology: theory and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major challenge facing a business manager is to achieve a sustainable level of success, which in turn means being able to sustainably master the complexity with which s\\/he must deal. Information technology providers must understand the relationships between the levels of complexity with which managers deal, the value of information at each level, and the resulting information system requirements.

Paul M. Cashman; David Stroll

1986-01-01

430

Risks in the use of information technology within organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information systems researchers and practitioners alike have always felt the need to minimize systemic risks arising out of the use of information technology. Research has identified the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information as vital concepts. However, in developing counter-measures to threats in these three areas the focus has been on questions such as computer viruses, hacking, system failures and

G. Dhillon; J. Backhouse

1996-01-01

431

Networking agricultural libraries in Tanzania: Possible applications of information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state of agricultural libraries and potentials of electronic communications in disseminating agricultural information in Tanzania are discussed. Poor communication between the Sokoine National Agricultural Library and its partner libraries within the country is cited to be one of the reasons for inferior information services to library users. Due to low level of information technology development and financial constraints facing

F. W. Dulle

1999-01-01

432

Challenges facing information technology to support world class manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors pose three challenges to information technology researchers in order to meet modern manufacturing requirements of higher-quality products at a lower cost, and with shorter delivery times. The first challenge is to specify standard data structures and functional requirements for common manufacturing information applications. The second challenge is for the organizational structures of information technologists to evolve to a

Richard E. Billo; Kim LaScola Needy; Bopaya Bidanda

1996-01-01

433

Global Educational Goals, Technology, and Information Literacy in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three interconnected aspects of higher education and information literacy are essential. The first is global educational goals and the place of information literacy within those goals. The second is new research on higher education effectiveness and the role of information literacy for successful learning. The third is the role technology plays in…

Snavely, Loanne

2008-01-01

434

76 FR 58006 - Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Delegation of Authority  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Delegation of Authority...National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (National Coordinator...informed about the use of health information technology as it relates to...

2011-09-19

435

Information Technology Section. Management and Technology Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on library and information networks which were presented at the 1982 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "Introduction to the Open and Closed Networking Concepts" by R. M. Bennett (Canada), which differentiates between space-biased and time-biased communications media, relates these concepts to…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

436

Leveraging Information Technology. Track IV: Support Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track IV, Support Services, are presented. They include: "Application Development Center" (John F. Leydon); "College Information Management System: The Design and Implementation of a Completely Integrated Office Automation and Student Information System" (Karen L. Miselis); "Improving Managerial…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

437

A New Look at NASA: Strategic Research In Information Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation provides information on research undertaken by NASA to facilitate the development of information technologies. Specific ideas covered here include: 1) Bio/nano technologies: biomolecular and nanoscale systems and tools for assembly and computing; 2) Evolvable hardware: autonomous self-improving, self-repairing hardware and software for survivable space systems in extreme environments; 3) High Confidence Software Technologies: formal methods, high-assurance software design, and program synthesis; 4) Intelligent Controls and Diagnostics: Next generation machine learning, adaptive control, and health management technologies; 5) Revolutionary computing: New computational models to increase capability and robustness to enable future NASA space missions.

Alfano, David; Tu, Eugene (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

438

Earthquakes: San Francisco  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The prediction of earthquakes may be inexact, but it is vital, especially when large cities such as San Francisco or Los Angeles are threatened. The San Andreas Fault and two other faults, the Heyward and Calaveras faults, all have the potential to deliver a massive earthquake to the San Francisco Bay area. In this video segment, a seismologist explains the historical pattern of seismic activity in the Bay area, and how this information may be used to predict the location and timing of San Francisco's next big earthquake. The segment is three minutes twenty-eight seconds in length. A background essay and discussion questions are included.

2011-05-13

439

Mercalli Earthquake Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is an inquiry approach to term and concept introduction. Students will work in a jigsaw format to read through the descriptions of eyewitness accounts from earthquakes and assess a Mercalli value. In the jigsaw groups, they will compare the different Mercalli and Richter values and describe the basic events that occurred during different earthquakes. They will share this information in order to collaboratively assess the strengths and weaknesses of this scale relative to the Richter magnitudes provided. They will also begin to determine what types of hazards result from earthquakes.

Kraft, Kaatje

440

Forecasting earthquakes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this video there are scenes of damage from the Northridge Earthquake and interviews with Dr. Andrea Donnelan, Geophysics at JPL, and Dr. Jim Dolan, earthquake geologist from Cal. Tech. The interviews discuss earthquake forecasting by tracking changes in the earth's crust using antenna receiving signals from a series of satellites called the Global Positioning System (GPS).

441

Virtual Earthquake  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive feature shows students how an earthquake epicenter is located and how Richter magnitude is determined. They will use recordings of seismograms from three stations (provided in the activity), learn the difference between the focus and epicenter of an earthquake, and that the magnitude of an earthquake is an estimate of the amount of energy that it has released.

Novak, Gary

442

Energy Efficiency: Information Sources for New and Emerging Technologies  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this article is to share a list of useful organizations that provide reliable information on new and emerging energy-efficient technologies based on research and experience. Experienced energy managers may use the information provided by these organizations to enhance their knowledge and understanding, thereby improving their energy management programs. The scope is limited to publicly-available and open-membership organizations that deal with new and emerging, energy-efficient technologies, strategies, and products. The sources identified should not be considered exhaustive but rather a first step “go to” list suggested by the author when searching for useful information on new and emerging energy-efficient technologies.

Parker, Steven A.

2007-12-31

443

Progress of the earthquake early warning system in Fujian, China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we systematically introduce the latest progress of the earthquake early warning (EEW) system in Fujian, China. We focus on the following key technologies and methods: continuous earthquake location and its error evaluation; magnitude estimation; reliability judgment of EEW system information; use of double-parameter principle in EEW system information release threshold; real-time estimation of seismic intensity and available time for target areas; seismic-monitoring network and data sharing platform; EEW system information release and receiving platform; software test platform; and test results statistical analysis. Based on strong ground motion data received in the mainshock of the Wenchuan earthquake, the EEW system developed by the above algorithm is simulated online, and the results show that the system can reduce earthquake hazards effectively. In addition, we analyzed four earthquake cases with magnitude greater than 5.5 processed by our EEW system since the online-testing that was started one year ago, and results indicate that our system can effectively reduce earthquake hazards and have high practical significance.

Jin, Xing; Wei, Yongxiang; Li, Jun; Zhang, Hongcai; Ma, Qiang; Kang, Lanchi

2013-12-01

444

Earthquake triggering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this thesis, I present an observational study of multiplet earthquakes as a step towards understanding earthquake triggering. Several subsets of different seismicity catalogs are analyzed for earthquake clustering: (i) a global seismicity catalog of large (Msb{s} ? 7.1) earthquakes; (ii) catalogs of large, shallow (depth < 70km) and deep (depth ? 70km) earthquakes; (iii) regional catalogs in the Philippines and Kurils. Different space, time and magnitude criteria are explored to determine the degree of earthquake clustering for each sub-catalog. The observed earthquake clustering is compared against a null hypothesis: the Poisson process. Multiplets are earthquake clusters which cannot be explained by the Poisson process. We interpret multiplet occurrence as evidence for earthquake triggering. We find multiplets in all the sub-catalogs. The spatial distance within multiplets ranges from across the world, to several kilometers apart and the time within multiplets ranges from days to a few years. Moreover, multiplet occurrence is more common in some areas of the world than in others. Overall, across the global catalogs, approximately 10% of all large earthquakes are triggered by previous earthquakes. Detailed investigations of the source time functions of two multiplet sequences, the Kurils and the Philippines subduction zones revealed that earthquakes within multiplet sequences cannot be differentiated from non-multiplet earthquakes based on the properties of their source time function. This suggests that the rupture process of multiplet and non-multiplet earthquakes are the same. Three earthquake triggering mechanisms are explored: (i) earthquake to earthquake triggering; (ii) triggering due to external forces; (iii) triggering due to human activities. Earthquake to earthquake triggering via static and dynamic stress transfer imparts the most significant stress change and indeed, this thesis shows evidence for this mode of earthquake triggering. Each mechanism, however, changes the existing stress state on faults so that it is either brought closer or further from failure. In fact, if the fault is close enough to failure, an increase in stress by a tiny amount may be sufficient to trigger an earthquake.

Nomanbhoy, Nazli Moez

445

The dark side of technologies: Technostress among users of information and communication technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests the structure and the predictors of two psychological experiences of technostress associated with the use of information and communication technologies (ICT), i.e., technostrain (users report feelings of anxiety, fatigue, scepticism and inefficacy beliefs related to the use of technologies) and technoaddiction (users feel bad due to an excessive and compulsive use of these technologies). The study included

Marisa Salanova; Susana Llorens; Eva Cifre

2012-01-01

446

Outsourcing Information Technology and the Insider Threat.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As one of our nation's top critical infrastructures, telecommunications is an essential element of many aspects of our lives upon which we, as a society, are becoming increasingly dependent. Computers, digital telephone switches, and interconnected inform...

V. L. Caruso

2003-01-01

447

Leveraging Information Technology. Track III: Organizational Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven papers from the 1987 CAUSE conference's Track III, Organizational Issues, are presented. They include: "Learning Resources and Technologies: A Unified Organizational Reorientation to Administering Educational Support Services" (Morrell D. Boone); "IRM: A Short-Lived Concept?" (James I. Penrod and Michael G. Dolence); "Organizing to Manage…

CAUSE, Boulder, CO.

448

Optical Disc Technology for Information Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This summary of the literature on document image processing from 1988-90 focuses on WORM (write once read many) technology and on rewritable (i.e., erasable) optical discs, and excludes CD-ROM. Highlights include vendors and products, standards, comparisons of storage media, software, legal issues, records management, indexing, and computer…

Brumm, Eugenia K.

1991-01-01

449

The use of information technology in large animal veterinary education.  

PubMed

To facilitate large animal veterinary education, information technology has to connect the classroom to the farm. Technology needs to be portable, durable, and cost-effective. Dairy production medicine was one of the first areas in veterinary medicine to use computers to manage large sets of milk production-related data. Now equine practice has embraced technology in almost every diagnostic imaging methodology. The personal desktop assistant (PDA) has allowed students to take large volumes of information with them during clinical rotations. The technology is advancing so quickly that it is difficult to keep up with new software and hardware developments, let alone purchase the most current versions. This article reviews information technology as it is used in large animal practice and, consequently, in large animal veterinary education. PMID:14976617

Dascanio, John J

2003-01-01

450

Information Technology's Impact on Firm Structure: A Cross- Industry Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present analysis explores information technology's (IT) relationship to employment and firm structure by examining how IT affects the relative size of employment at auxiliary units. The analysis treats auxiliary units-establishments where employees pr...

D. N. Beede S. L. Montes

1997-01-01

451

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Information Technology Operate Cluster.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains Illinois Occupational Skill Standards for occupations in the Information Technology Operate Cluster (help desk support, computer maintenance and technical support technician, systems operator, application and computer support specialist, systems administrator, network administrator, and database administrator). The skill…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

452

Information and Communications Technology Industry: Spring 2007 Industry Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information & Communications Technology (ICT) industry provides enabling capability for all major industries. The US ICT industry leads the world but must overcome several near-term challenges if it hopes to retain its global leadership. Some of the k...

A. Govil D. Doe J. Duncan R. Bezwada W. Adamson

2007-01-01

453

Healthcare information portal: a web technology for the healthcare community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Telemedicine technology already provides tremendous social benefits. A comprehensive, Web-based healthcare information portal would be a major further advancement. This article discusses the need for developing such a portal, proposes a framework, and analyses its benefits and challenges.

David C. Chou; Amy Y. Chou

2002-01-01

454

Information technologies for global resources management and environmental assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recent advances in computer and communications technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to develop sophisticated information resources management systems for global resources management and environment assessment in an efficient, effective, and syst...

A. P. Campbell H. Wang

1992-01-01

455

Manufacturing Technology Information Analysis Center: Knowledge is strength  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Center's primary function is to facilitate technology transfer within DoD, other government agencies and industry. The DoD has recognized the importance of technology transfer, not only to support specific weapon system manufacture, but to strengthen the industrial base that sustains DoD. MTIAC uses an experienced technical staff of engineers and information specialists to acquire, analyze, and disseminate technical information. Besides ManTech project data, MTIAC collects manufacturing technology from other government agencies, commercial publications, proceedings, and various international sources. MTIAC has various means of disseminating this information. Much of the technical data is on user accessible data bases. The Center researches and writes a number of technical reports each year and publishes a newsletter monthly. Customized research is performed in response to specific inquiries from government and industry. MTIAC serves as a link between Government and Industry to strengthen the manufacturing technology base through the dissemination of advanced manufacturing information.

Safar, Michal

1992-01-01

456

WTEC Panel Report on Wireless Technologies and Information Networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews the status of wireless technologies and information networks around the world, with particular focus on comparisons between Europe, Japan, and the United States. Specific topics include coding, modulation and multiple access; switching...

2000-01-01

457

Laboratory Information Analysis within the Russian Center for Technological Diagnostics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report, we examine the technical parameters for the design and implementation of a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) within the Center for Technological Diagnostics (CTD) in St. Petersburg Russia. The LIMS is composed of two main dat...

J. M. Masuch

2004-01-01

458

Information Technology: Architecture Needed to Guide NASA's Financial Management Modernization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is in the process of modernizing its financial management operations and supporting information technology systems. This modernization, known as the Integrated Financial Management Program (IFMP), i...

2003-01-01

459

The Use of the New Information Technologies in Scottish Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes developments in Scottish computer education, highlighting overall policy for information technologies, Scottish Microelectronics Development Programme supporting production of educational software, Department of Industry initiatives, regional initiatives, teacher training in colleges of education, role of Microelectronics Educational…

Morris, John

1982-01-01

460

Will There Be Enough Information Technology Managers in 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research studied the availability of future information technology (IT) managers at the U.S. Department of State (DOS). Over half the DOS's Foreign Service specialist workforce is composed of Generation X -- a cohort known to change employers often. ...

A. Roecks

2006-01-01

461

Information Processing Techniques Program. Volume I. Packet Speech Systems Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes work performed on the Packet Speech Systems Technology Program sponsored by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency during the period 1 October 1979 through 31 March 1980. (Author...

C. J. Weinstein P. E. Blankenship

1980-01-01

462

Information processing techniques program. Volume 1: Packet speech systems technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes work performed on the Packet Speech Systems Technology Program sponsored by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency during the period 1 April through 30 September 1978.

B. Gold; E. Stern

1978-01-01

463

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...technology products to HUD free of known computer viruses. The contractor shall be responsible...actual or estimated costs resulting from computer virus damage or malicious destruction of computer information arising from the...

2013-10-01

464

48 CFR 2452.239-71 - Information Technology Virus Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...technology products to HUD free of known computer viruses. The contractor shall be responsible...actual or estimated costs resulting from computer virus damage or malicious destruction of computer information arising from the...

2009-10-01

465

Lyman Hawaiian Earthquake Diary, 1833-1917.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses an amazing accomplishment of record-keeping covering the significant years before, during, and after the strongest earthquake in the history of Hawaii. The 84-year collection of earthquake information credits the perseverance and fore...

M. Wyss R. Y. Koyanagi D. C. Cox

1992-01-01

466

Earthquakes & Volcanoes, Volume 23, Number 6, 1992  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Earthquakes and Volcanoes is published bimonthly by the U.S. Geological Survey to provide current information on earthquakes and seismology, volcanoes, and related natural hazards of interest to both generalized and specialized readers.

U.S. Geological Survey; Edited by Gordon, David W.

1993-01-01

467

Information technology developments within the national biological information infrastructure  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Looking out an office window or exploring a community park, one can easily see the tremendous challenges that biological information presents the computer science community. Biological information varies in format and content depending whether or not it is information pertaining to a particular species (i.e. Brown Tree Snake), or a specific ecosystem, which often includes multiple species, land use characteristics, and geospatially referenced information. The complexity and uniqueness of each individual species or ecosystem do not easily lend themselves to today's computer science tools and applications. To address the challenges that the biological enterprise presents the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) (http://www.nbii.gov) was established in 1993. The NBII is designed to address these issues on a National scale within the United States, and through international partnerships abroad. This paper discusses current computer science efforts within the National Biological Information Infrastructure Program and future computer science research endeavors that are needed to address the ever-growing issues related to our Nation's biological concerns.

Cotter, G.; Frame, M. T.

2000-01-01

468

Mobile Agent Technology for Geography Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile end devices become more and more powerful, which enable mobiles to execute more sophisticated multimedia computing tasks. Hence it is desirable to leverage these potential resources enabling them to execute tasks on external devices. On the other hand, peer-to-peer (P2P) gains more and more attention, and will level the difference between clients and servers. As P2P technology has been

Ye Liang; Lin-Lin Ci

2007-01-01

469

An evolution of an information technology architecture for oceanography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the Naval Oceanographic Office has employed numerous generations of Information Technology (IT) to satisfy its missions and has a history of application of IT from legacy mainframes to deployed mini-computers, networked enterprises, and clusters of super-computers. This paper traces the historical development of the Information Technology enterprise and architecture. Emphasis will be placed on the current application of standards-based

J. A. Lever; I. Moore; W. J. Moseley; R. J. Starek

2000-01-01

470

Temporal Impacts of Information Technology in Organizations: A Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the literature about information technology and organizational change, organizational dimensions like distribution of authority\\u000a and control, standardization, centralization, specialization of labour have received great attention but much less attention\\u000a has been given to the study of the relationship between information technology and the temporal dimension of the organization\\u000a of work, in spite of the fact that during the last

D. Isari

471

Information Technology Projects – Leaving the ‘Magic’ to the ‘Wizards’  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, we explore the significant challenges relating to investment in IT business. Information technology does\\u000a not in itself deliver business value. We highlight the complexities that are often ignored in management of IT projects. If\\u000a the management system in an organization is ineffective, then installing information technologies does not constitute a ‘magic\\u000a wand’ that will generate prosperity. It

Peter M. Bednar; Christine Welch

2010-01-01

472

The Point; Materials, Devices and Processes for Information Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Point is an interactive website that lets students explore the materials and devices for information technology and common processes to store and transfer information. It emphasizes technologies that involve light. Some of the devices that are explained include optical fibers, compact disc, DVD, LEDs and lasers. Each section includes Flash manipulatives in which you learn by controlling variables on simple simulations. It also provides lesson plans and student worksheets.

Point, The

473

Information technology for longitudinal birth cohorts.  

PubMed

Developing computer-based information systems to manage data in a longitudinal birth survey is a challenging task. There are many elements to such a system and good planning and design is essential to produce a system capable of maintaining and providing information both to manage the study and to facilitate research. There are many options and routes that can be taken. Finding the best can be difficult. The key to a good system is to talk to its users, define the operational parameters and plan as much flexibility as is possible. PMID:19490458

Carmichael, David

2009-07-01

474

Serious Technology Assessment for Health Care Information Technology  

PubMed Central

Abstract United States health care is engaged in an ambitious project to make its clinical and administrative records “100% electronic.” Substantial benefits are expected in both clinical care delivery and medical research (especially for public health surveillance and outcomes/effectiveness studies). Substantial costs also potentially accrue, beyond the large outlays for an expanded computer and telecommunications infrastructure. Privacy and confidentiality are obviously at risk if such systems cannot be made secure. Limited empirical evidence currently available suggests health information systems security may not be very good, at least in the “average” institutional setting. Privacy-focused critics of electronic record-keeping are sometimes accused of taking Luddite stands, insufficiently attentive to IT's benefits. It may also be fair to worry about a certain Panglossian tendency in “industry” commentary, insufficiently attentive to potential problems. Better federal and state laws structuring health data use will help; the industry must also attend more candidly to the technical uncertainties.

Cushman, Reid

1997-01-01

475

Unethical Use of Information Technology: A Two-Country Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the phenomenon of unethical use of information technology (IT) by developing and testing a model that postulates multiple influencing factors of unethical IT use. Results from two studies of young adult participants in USA and Finland show that unethical IT use is primarily influenced by social (e.g., subjective norms), situational (e.g., moral intensity), and technological (e.g., technological

Sutirtha Chatterjee; Joseph S. Valacich; Suprateek Sarker

2012-01-01

476

Toward creating competitive advantage with logistics information technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Successfully implementing and exploiting the right information technologies is critical to maintaining competitiveness in today's supply chain. However, simply adopting off-the-shelf technologies may not necessarily induce this competitiveness unless the organization combines these technologies with additional complimentary resources. This study draws on the logistics innovation literature, resource-advantage theory, and the resource-based view of the firm with the purpose

Benjamin T. Hazen; Terry Anthony Byrd

2012-01-01

477

Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control Systems Technologies Technical Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

Reliable instrumentation, information, and control (II&C) systems technologies are essential to ensuring safe and efficient operation of the U.S. light water reactor (LWR) fleet. These technologies affect every aspect of nuclear power plant (NPP) and balance-of-plant operations. In 1997, the National Research Council conducted a study concerning the challenges involved in modernization of digital instrumentation and control systems in NPPs. Their findings identified the need for new II&C technology integration.

Bruce Hallbert

2012-09-01

478

Information, Communication, and Educational Technologies in Rural Alaska  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information, communication, and educational technologies hold promise to connect geographically isolated rural communities, offering adults greater access to educational, financial, and numerous other resources. The Internet and computer-based network technologies are often seen as remedies for communities in economic decline, but they also have…

Page, G. Andrew; Hill, Melissa

2008-01-01

479

Consumer Acceptance of Personal Information and Communication Technology Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's information and communication technol- ogy (ICT)-enabled service economy, there is great interest in digital service management. While the extant technology acceptance re- search has mainly studied user acceptance of various ICTs, there is a dearth of research on consumer acceptance of personal ICT services. In this paper, we extend the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology

James Y. L. Thong; Viswanath Venkatesh; Xin Xu; Se-Joon Hong; Kar Yan Tam

2011-01-01

480

The Impact of Information Technologies on Customer Relationships Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years there has been a strong technological evolution in the field of information and communication with a significant impact on management. Companies are investing huge amounts in relationship technologies, leading to new forms of interaction. On the other hand, the incorporation of activities of the value chain in integrate d IT is likely to affect the

Carlos Melo Brito; Carla Ramos

481

An Information Technology Integration System and Its Life Cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

In celebration of Computers in the Schools' 20th anniversary, we take a look back at the evolution of technology integration in education over the past two decades. In this retrospective analysis we have identified four critical components in a typical integration life cycle that contribute to the failure to integrate information technology: (a) a missing link, (b) a misguided direction,

Leping Liu; Norma Velasquezbryant

2003-01-01

482

Information technology into education: towards a critical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The starting point for this paper is that the use and discussion of information technology (IT) in education is uncritical. The dominant emphasis is on more being inherently better; and questions about the relationship of the technology to teaching and learning ? the sorts of questions which educationalists have traditionally asked about educational innovations ? have not featured prominently on

John Beynon; Hughie Mackay

1989-01-01

483

The Implementation of Information Technology in the Corporate Engineering Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The corporate engineering library has been shaped by a variety of recent business and technology trends. The increasing globalization and focus on efficiency in the corporate world has resulted in the consolidation or organization of corporate libraries and the outsourcing of non-essential functions. The rapid adoption of Intranets and other information technologies in corporations has created opportunities for libraries to

Robert Schwarzwalder

2001-01-01

484

Information Technology and the Evolution of the Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this research is to examine the current state of information technology use among academic and research libraries to gain insight into the level of maturity of various emerging technologies (e.g., the Institutional Repository) to provide de...

A. N. Constantine

2009-01-01

485

Information and Communication Technology and International Business Travel: Mobility Allies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like forecasts about the paperless office, technological solutions to the problem of international business travel continue to be deferred. As with the increased use of office paper, international business travel is defying predictions of its decline. There is growing evidence to suggest that business sectors which seem ideally placed to substitute information and communication technology (ICT) for travel, are actually

Paul Haynes

2010-01-01

486

The Effects of Information Technology on Perioperative Nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous advances in technology during the past decade require that nurses not only be knowledgeable in nursing science but that they also become educated in information technology (IT). Perioperative IT has the potential to improve the quality of health care, reduce costs, decrease medication administration errors, reduce time spent on paperwork, increase management efficacy, and allow affordable access to health

Paula Sweeney

2010-01-01

487

Explaining information technology usage: A test of competing models  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much of the prior information technology (IT) research has attempted to explain users’ acceptance of new IT, recent research has focused on IT continuance or continued usage. The technology a