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1

UAP 5784: Local Economic Development Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This course presents a survey of the field of local economic development planning. We begin with an overview of the history of economic development. We then examine the theoretical and methodological foundation of economic development. The key question that will be addressed is what practitioners are actually doing in economic development. In the second course segment we will focus on

Heike Mayer

2

RESTORINGRESILIENCE A Sustainable Economic Development Plan  

E-print Network

RESTORINGRESILIENCE A Sustainable Economic Development Plan for Miller and Beyond, 2014-2044 #12;credits UPP 506: Plan Making Studio, a graduate course in the Urban Planning & Policy Program at UIC four star planning associates professor Sanjeev Vidyarthi project managers Sydney Blankers Jessica Stevenson

Illinois at Chicago, University of

3

The application of economic-demographic models to development planning.  

PubMed

The Population Division's evaluation of the role of population factors in the planning process through the application of economic-demographic models shows that procedures for considering the short and long-term implications of population growth can be significantly improved. The Division's research projects demonstrate that models can help planners to achieve an efficient allocation of scarce resources, set clear-cut national objectives and provide a national sense of political and social purpose. There are many advantages in applying economic-demographic models to development planning in order to integrate population factors within the development process, yet care must be taken in adopting and/or applying a certain model at the national level. Aside from the question of adopting a model, the question of the applicability and application of models is emphasized. The choice of model structure is discussed in terms of 4 major issues: 1) the choice of a central core; 2) the trade-off between simplicity and complexity and the appropriate degree of endogeneity; 3) the choice of a demand or supply orientation; and 4) the criteria for selecting a particular model for use. A representative selection of economic demographic models is presented. Included are the TEMPO (designed to illustrate the benefits of reduced fertility) and Long-Range Planning Models (LAPM--designed to illustrate the implications of policy assumptions for economic development, particularly in regard to health and education), both developed by the US government. Also described are the BACHUE and the UN Fund for Populations Activities (UNFPA)/ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) models. It is argued that these latter models offer the greatest promise as tools for planning in the ESCAP Region, at the present time. As the BACHUE model is primarily concerned with employment and the distribution of income and the UNFPA/FAO model with agriculture, incorporating both into the planning process could be desirable. PMID:12340524

1985-01-01

4

Research and Development and the Role of the Urban University in Strategic Economic Development Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban universities have a definite role to play within the context of strategic economic development. Coordination between state and local government, the private sector, and the academic community can lead to effective partnerships to formulate and implement economic development plans. Declining university enrollments and fewer dollars available…

Sheppard, Ronald J.

5

Population and Family Planning in the Economic Development of Rhodesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of population growth on economic development are hotly debated by rival schools of economists, and with the notable exception of Colin Clark,1 there are basically two camps. First- ly, the Marxist School believes that the problems of the less developed countries can be solved by socio-economic development alone; development, they claim, will outstrip population growth pro- vided that

D. Clarke

6

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report The Bike Kitchen Business Plan  

E-print Network

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report The Bike Kitchen Business or information from a number of different people that helped significantly in the making of this business plan. THE ECONOMICS OF THE BUSINESS.....................................................................8 A. ANNUAL

7

Biodiversity Impact Assessment of Industrial Development Plans for China's Beibu Gulf Economic Zone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biodiversity has become an internationally central concern. As such, it is crucial to fully consider it into social economy development. This paper explores how to carry out the biodiversity impact assessment (BIA) as a useful tool for biodiversity conservation. Taking Beibu Gulf economic zone as the case, the study predicts the impact of the industrial development plans for the period

Bi Zhang; Wei Li; Guoyu Sun

2011-01-01

8

Miller Beach 30-Year Plan: Sustainable Economic Development in Gary's Lakefront Neighborhood  

E-print Network

Miller Beach 30-Year Plan: Sustainable Economic Development in Gary's Lakefront Neighborhood #12 Madeline Grennan Ricardo Lopez Jason Miranda Bailey Muller Alma Tello Kyle Terry #12;Miller Beach_______________________________________________________________58 #12;vision We envision Miller Beach as a place that continues to embrace its increasingly diverse

Illinois at Chicago, University of

9

[Employment and education in the 2nd economic and social development plan of Togo].  

PubMed

Togo is a developing country whose population is increasing at the rapid rate of 2.7%/year. Economic development is therefore a necessity to ensure at least an average standard of living. Plans of development include objectives of structural societal changes, including improvements in education and employment. This study analyzes the evolution of population activities. It identifies obstacles to the improvement of education and employment. The investigation examines the employment and education situation before adoption of the 2nd plan of Togo and predicts the probable evolution of the situation. Despite the priority accorded to agriculture, the 2nd plan appears to give greater importance to industry. The industrial and commercial sector has witnessed a 65.2% investment increase, whereas the rural sector had an investment increase of 11.8%. The 2nd plan, in view of its relation to the evolution of economic activities, took into account the demand for manual labor. In the private sector, industries should occupy an important position. The dualism of a modern and a traditional sector is considered a cause of underdevelopment. The modern sector should be developed in order to suppress the traditional sector and allow progress in society. As a result of this approach, agriculture is given a 2ndary role. PMID:12267415

Dovi-sodemekou, F B

1985-01-01

10

Institutional Design for Strategic Environmental Assessment on Urban Economic and Social Development Planning in China  

SciTech Connect

The National Economic and Social Development Plans (NESDPs) of cities in China, given their comprehensive, integrated and strategic nature, have significant and profound impacts on the development of cities and their embedded ecological environments. Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEAs) on city NESDPs have the potential to improve environmental policy integration at strategic level and to safeguard the sustainable development of cities. However, these plans are normally exempted from the current SEA requirement in China. We argue that it is more feasible to apply SEAs on city NESDPs before SEAs are expanded to higher level NESDPs in China. This article attempts to propose a China-specific institutional design for SEAs on city NESDPs based on experiments in selected cities and within the current legal framework. To obtain a holistic view about the long-term development of cities, more qualitative and descriptive analysis-based assessment methods should be adopted to broaden participation, to encourage the exchange of information and to reach consensus. - Highlights: > National Economic and Social Development Plans for Cities (NESDPs) in China is a very popular and significant decision made by municipal government. > We propose a institutional framework to conduct strategic environmental assessment to NESDPs. > The key features of the institutional framework are the independent SEA approval committee and a professional consulting agency.

Song Guojun, E-mail: Songguojun@vip.sohu.com; Zhou Li; Zhang Lei

2011-11-15

11

college of business and economics strategic plan  

E-print Network

college of business and economics strategic plan 2010 #12;Faculty Endorsed 2010 Strategic Plan Page 1 Strategic Plan Building on Existing Foundations The mission of Lehigh University's College preceded the development of the 2005 College of Business and Economics Strategic Plan. This plan has

Gilchrist, James F.

12

Economics Lesson Plans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Creating interesting and compelling lessons in Economics can present several unique challenges. Fortunately, the Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning organization has brought together a number of fine instructional resources for use by educators. These lesson plans and other activities are divided into thematic areas, such as economic decision-making, goods and services, savings, along with fifteen other headings. The resources are culled from a variety of sources, including the National Council of Economic Education, community college professors, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.

13

Revised Fifth Five Year Economic and Social Development Plan, 1984-1986.  

PubMed

This document contains provisions of chapter 6 (Promoting Social Development) of the Revised Fifth Five-Year Economic and Social Development Plan (1984-86) of the Republic of Korea. The plan calls for the efficient control of population growth by targeting intensive efforts to women 20-30 years old, eradicating the traditional preference for male children, providing incentives to foster a small family norm, and discouraging couples from having too many children. Family planning (FP) programs will be expanded to increase the contraceptive prevalence rate and improve the quality of contraceptive services. Emphasis will be placed on women 34 years or younger residing in poor urban and remote rural areas. The emphasis of the evaluations of FP guidance and evaluation teams will be on the actual prevention of birth rather than on the contraceptive use ratio, and the FP program will be linked to other health and medical schemes. Families with 2 children or less will receive extended medical services and free kindergarten tuition. Families with 3 or more children may face discriminatory policy measures. The Family Law will be amended to allow daughters to inherit, the Medical Insurance Law will be changed to allow family members dependent upon female workers to be insured, and social institutions hindering female participation in the work force will be banned. The dissemination of FP information and population education will be expanded. PMID:12346679

1987-01-01

14

Economic, social, and environmental sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In ten years, more than half the world's population will be living in cities. The United Nations (UN) has stated that this will threaten cities with social conflict, environmental degradation and the collapse of basic services. The economic, social, and environmental planning practices of societies embodying ‘urban sustainability’ have been proposed as antidotes to these negative urban trends. ‘Urban sustainability’

A. D. Basiago

1998-01-01

15

LITERACY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN THIS ESSAY ON LITERACY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN DEVELOPING NATIONS, THE STRATEGIC ROLE OF TIME PERSPECTIVES IN THE CHOICE BETWEEN FORMAL EDUCATION AND ADULT LITERACY IS VIEWED AS AN INHERENT ASPECT OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN POOR COUNTIRES. A CONSIDERATION OF THE RISE OF THE MAJOR INDUSTRIAL POWERS AND OF THE FEATURES…

BLAUG, MARK

16

Family Employability Development Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Family Employability Development Plan (FEDP) process, a facilitator works with the family to help its members acquire the skills to develop their own plan for economic independence. The facilitator helps coordinate the interagency effort and helps the family become empowered to carry out its own plan. Carried out as a pilot project in 13…

Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing. Adult Extended Learning Services.

17

Canada's Economic Action Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website outlines the steps Canada's government is taking to recover from the recent economic crisis. It addresses jobs, communities, education, and Canada's fiscal advantages. Visitors interested in seeing short videos that aid Canadians in obtaining federal grants should click on the Video Vault link at the top of the page. A video entitled Apprenticeship Grants explains how federal grants encourage training in the trades, and another video informs people how they can get up to $5000 to make their homes more energy efficient. Moving on, visitors can also see the number of projects the action plan has started on the Projects Map link, located on the bottom of the homepage. This interactive map enables visitors to click on different locales to read about each project, and is searchable by province, city and project title.

2012-02-03

18

Field development planning using simulated annealing - optimal economic well scheduling and placement  

SciTech Connect

A method for optimizing the net present value of a full field development by varying the placement and sequence of production wells is presented. This approach is automated and combines an economics package and Mobil`s in-house simulator, PEGASUS, within a simulated annealing optimization engine. A novel framing of the well placement and scheduling problem as a classic {open_quotes}travelling salesman problem{close_quotes} is required before optimization via simulated annealing can be applied practically. An example of a full field development using this technique shows that non-uniform well spacings are optimal (from an NPV standpoint) when the effects of well interference and variable reservoir properties are considered. Examples of optimizing field NPV with variable well costs also show that non-uniform wells spacings are optimal. Project NPV increases of 25 to 30 million dollars were shown using the optimal, nonuniform development versus reasonable, uniform developments. The ability of this technology to deduce these non-uniform well spacings opens up many potential applications that should materially impact the economic performance of field developments.

Beckner, B.L.; Xong, X.

1995-12-31

19

Planning for Small Town Revitalization: Economic Development Invigorates the Columbia Basin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes rural revitalization efforts for small towns in central Washington. Planning analysis by Eastern Washington University faculty and students emphasizes community participation. Details revitalization of the town of Wilbur from planning stages to final outcomes. Describes overall project results. (KS)

Winchell, Dick G.

1991-01-01

20

Lecture 3: Methods in Formulating National Economic Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the Party and the state have determined the political and economic tasks of each period, the planning organs must formulate national economic plans that can guarantee the fulfillment of these tasks. These plans must be formulated with scientific methods. These scientific methods must correctly reflect the requirements of a planned (proportional) development of the national economy. The more than

Chung Chi-fu

1977-01-01

21

Environmental management and economic development  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: environmental management and economic policy in developing countries; environmental and natural resource accounting; marginal opportunity cost as a planning concept in natural resource management; the environmental basis of sustainable development; economic incentives for sustainable production; deforestation in Brazil's Amazon region: magnitude, rate, and causes; an economic justification for rural afforestation: the case of Ethiopia; managing the supply of and demand for fuelwood in Africa; economic aspects of afforestation and soil-conservation projects; multilevel resource analysis and management: the case of watersheds.

Schramm, G.; Warford, J.J.

1989-01-01

22

The redemption of the commons. Contributions to urban planning from territorial intelligence and ecological economics.  

E-print Network

: Territorial intelligence, urban planning, ecological economics, sustainable development, quality of life ENTIThe redemption of the commons. Contributions to urban planning from territorial intelligence and ecological economics. Leopoldo Gurman. B.sc. in Economics, Master's candidate in Urban Planning Member

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

11.967 Special Studies in Urban Studies: Economic Development Planning Skills, January (IAP) 2003  

E-print Network

Small group study of advanced subjects under staff supervision. For graduate students wishing to pursue further study in advanced areas of urban studies and city and regional planning not covered in regular subjects of ...

Seidman, Karl F.

24

Spatial planning and economic development in border region: The experiences of Gangwon Province, Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gangwon province has suffered from low rate of regional economic growth, resulting in exodus of locally well educated young workforce and thus, losing vitality and sense of hope. The situation will aggravate unless one turns the tide upside down. Now it appears that the time has come for the province to do it since the Korean government announced the green

Jeong Ho Kim

2010-01-01

25

PLANNING THE END OF THE AMERICAN GHETTO--A PROGRAM OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FOR EQUAL RIGHTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SOCIOECONOMIC FORCES CONTINUE TO PERPETUATE GHETTOS, DESPITE THE LEGAL EQUALITY GAINED BY NEGROES. THESE GHETTOS, IN WHICH OVER 10 MILLION MINORITY GROUP AMERICANS LIVE, EXACT AN ENORMOUS ECONOMIC PRICE IN NEEDED SERVICES, IN INCOME LOST BECAUSE OF LOW PRODUCTIVITY, AND IN PROPERTY LOST DURING PROTEST RIOTS. A PROGRAM TO END GHETTOS MUST START…

HILL, HERBERT

26

National Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout the 1990s, Ireland experienced phenomenal growth in the emerging fields of information technologies (including such sectors as website design), and was dubbed the Celtic Tiger, due to its economic success. The country envisions a strong development plan for the coming years, hence the reason for this very site. Ireland's National Development Plan involves an investment of over 52-billion euros of public, private, and EU funds over the period from 2000 to 2006, and involves significant improvements in health services, social housing, education, roads, rural development, and industry. The site itself contains a bevy of documents, such as an executive summary and a complete version of the Development Plan itself, and a project database, which details the status of the hundreds of projects which are an integral part of this ongoing process. Overall, this site will be of great interest to persons working in the field of social policy, planning, and international development schemes.

27

Apples and Oranges Mean a New Fruit Crop: New Business Plan Competition Model Integrates Economic and Community Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mount Wachusett Community College Entrepreneurial Resource Center Business Plan Competition brings together stakeholders across all economic sectors to bolster the regional economy. It also highlights entrepreneurs as a viable career choice. The competition disintegrates existing silos, provides education to all entrants, and gives business…

Feldman, Jacqueline; Oden, Lisa Derby

2007-01-01

28

Michigan Economic Development Education Manual. Second Printing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual represents an educational program designed for public officials, interested citizens, and professionals interested in improving the economic climate of the municipality or region. Its purpose is to teach economic development skills, thus enabling participants to develop community economic growth plans. Focus is on four essential…

Conboy, Michael, Ed.; Guiles, Roger, Ed.

29

Wind Economic Development (Postcard)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01

30

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CIVIC PARTICIPATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLANNING: TOURISM IN THE VILLAGE OF NORTH UTICA, ILLINOIS  

E-print Network

of stakeholders is said to breed community consensus, ensure more equitable distribution of development's costs and benefits, and facilitate representative decision making that considers all stakeholder interests. Tourism development planning has also become...

Spears, Chaya Riannon

2011-04-26

31

The role of economic clusters in improving urban planning support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improving the mechanism of integrating economic and spatial developments is an important issue in urban policy analysis and design. As Economic Clusters (ECs) become an important organisation in contemporary urban development in both economic and spatial practices, the research addresses the potential roles of ECs in improving urban planning support. Specifically, the aim of this PhD research is to explore

Zhenshan Yang

2010-01-01

32

Tourism Planning and Development Required Courses  

E-print Network

Tourism Planning and Development Required Courses TOUR 400, Introduction to Tourism EREC 411 Planning and Development TOUR 633, Economics of Travel and Tourism TOUR 700, Marketing Communications). International Tourism Development Concentration TOUR 792, International Experience 2 Tourism electives

New Hampshire, University of

33

International Economic Development Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the International Economic Development Council (IEDC), was created through the merger of existing economic development organizations, effectively creating the nation's largest association working in this realm of public policy. The IEDC's mission is "to provide leadership and excellence in economic development for our communities, members and partners to build economically strong, sustainable communities." While some of the online materials are available only to association members, there is a good deal of material that may be accessed by the general public. Through the online resource center, visitors may access such materials as the Economic Developer's Reference Guide (which provides an overview of such key topics as tourism, venture capital, and empowerment zones) and an overview of ongoing legislative matters that may impact the landscape of economic development. Finally, the site is rounded out by an excellent section dedicated to brownfields redevelopment, which includes a general manual of redevelopment techniques and links to external websites, such as those offered by the Environmental Protection Agency.

34

Hanford Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Development Plan (Site Development Plan) is intended to guide the short- and long-range development and use of the Hanford Site. All acquisition, development, and permanent facility use at the Hanford Site will conform to the approved plan. The Site Development Plan also serves as the base document for all subsequent studies that involve use of facilities at the Site. This revision is an update of a previous plan. The executive summary presents the highlights of the five major topics covered in the Site Development Plan: general site information, existing conditions, planning analysis, Master Plan, and Five-Year Plan. 56 refs., 67 figs., 31 tabs.

Rinne, C.A.; Curry, R.H.; Hagan, J.W.; Seiler, S.W.; Sommer, D.J. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA)); Yancey, E.F. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1990-01-01

35

Hawaii Bioenergy Master Plan Economic Impacts  

E-print Network

Hawaii Bioenergy Master Plan Economic Impacts Prepared for The Hawaii Natural Energy Institute By Makena Coffman Department of Urban & Regional Planning University of Hawaii at Manoa December 2009 #12;i, a macroeconomic model of Hawaii's economy, representing macro and sector-level inter-linkages, has been created

36

A Systematic Review of Cost-Sharing Strategies Used within Publicly-Funded Drug Plans in Member Countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development  

PubMed Central

Background Publicly-funded drug plans vary in strategies used and policies employed to reduce continually increasing pharmaceutical expenditures. We systematically reviewed the utilization of cost-sharing strategies and physician-directed prescribing regulations in publicly-funded formularies within member nations of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Methods & Findings Using the OECD nations as the sampling frame, a search for cost-sharing strategies and physician-directed prescribing regulations was done using published and grey literature. Collected data was verified by a system expert within the prescription drug insurance plan in each country, to ensure the accuracy of key data elements across plans. Significant variation in the use of cost-sharing mechanisms was seen. Copayments were the most commonly used cost-containment measure, though their use and amount varied for those with certain conditions, most often chronic diseases (in 17 countries), and by socio-economic status (either income or employment status), or with age (in 15 countries). Caps and deductibles were only used by five systems. Drug cost-containment strategies targeting physicians were also identified in 24 countries, including guideline-based prescribing, prescription monitoring and incentive structures. Conclusions There was variable use of cost-containment strategies to limit pharmaceutical expenditures in publicly funded formularies within OECD countries. Further research is needed to determine the best approach to constrain costs while maintaining access to pharmaceutical drugs. PMID:24618721

Barnieh, Lianne; Clement, Fiona; Harris, Anthony; Blom, Marja; Donaldson, Cam; Klarenbach, Scott; Husereau, Don; Lorenzetti, Diane; Manns, Braden

2014-01-01

37

My Individual Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MyIDP (My Individual Development Plan) is a unique, web-based career-planning tool tailored to meet the needs of PhD students and postdocs in the sciences. MyIDP provides exercises, career paths, goal setting tools, and articles to guide individuals through the individual development plan process.

Cynthia Fuhrmann (UCSF)

2012-09-06

38

Western Economic Developments: May 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FRB San Francisco's bi-monthly publication Western Economic Developments summarizes economic growth and development in the Twelfth District. The economy remained strong throughout the first quarter of 2000, with an employment growth rate of 2.5 percent annually. California's economic growth rate was especially high, due to "usually rapid growth of income and consumer spending."

39

Rural Tourism and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourism is a popular economic development strategy. The author reviews three diverse books that study tourism from various social science perspectives-economic, sociological, psychological, and anthropological. Ryan's book is multidisciplinary, in approach and covers all major topics of tourism study-economic, cultural, and environmental impacts; demand for tourism; tourist experience; and marketing. Michal Smith details the negative effects of tourism development in

Martha Frederick

1993-01-01

40

Hanford Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Development Plan (HSDP) provides an overview of land use, infrastructure, and facility requirements to support US Department of Energy (DOE) programs at the Hanford Site. The HSDP`s primary purpose is to inform senior managers and interested parties of development activities and issues that require a commitment of resources to support the Hanford Site. The HSDP provides an existing and future land use plan for the Hanford Site. The HSDP is updated annually in accordance with DOE Order 4320.1B, Site Development Planning, to reflect the mission and overall site development process. Further details about Hanford Site development are defined in individual area development plans.

Hathaway, H.B.; Daly, K.S.; Rinne, C.A.; Seiler, S.W.

1993-05-01

41

The common law as central economic planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central economic planning traditionally has set goals and allocated resources by supplanting the price system with central\\u000a direction. Planners engaged in industry-by-industry and firm-by-firm decision making, all to achieve predetermined targets.\\u000a The neoclassical approach to law and economics posits that common law judges engage in a similar activity, in rendering decisions\\u000a that maximize wealth. A significant feature of this approach

Peter H. Aranson

1992-01-01

42

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Assessing `Affordability' of Food at the University of British Columbia: Planning for the  

E-print Network

' of Food at the University of British Columbia: Planning for the Future of Food Security Margaret England `Affordability' of Food at the University of British Columbia: Planning for the Future of Food Security AGSC 450 Yuen #12;2 Abstract The economic aspect of food security at The University of British Columbia

43

Geography and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth through their effects on transport costs, disease burdens, and agricultural productivity, among other channels. Geography also seems to affect economic policy choices. Many geographic regions that have not been conducive to modern economic growth have high population densities and are experiencing rapid increases in population. At particular disadvantage

John Luke Gallup; Jeffrey D. Sachs; Andrew D. Mellinger

1999-01-01

44

Evolutionary Psychology and Development Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary development economics have provided much empirical evidence to suggest that democracy and other institutions that promote equity are good for growth and development. Why should this be the case? In this paper it is argued that Evolutionary Psychology (EP) can greatly enrich development economics, specifically in adding to our understanding of the micro-foundations of the family unit and the

W. A. NAUDé

45

Planning, Management, and Economics of Airport Operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the role of the airport in the transportation complex and in the community is presented. The establishment of the airport including its requirements in regional planning and the operation of the airport as a social and economic force are discussed.

Wiley, J.

1972-01-01

46

ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT 2011-2012 Concentration Information  

E-print Network

Economic and Community Development concentration: PA 5501 Theories and Policies of Development* (3 cr of Development 3 PA 5511 Community Economic Development 3 PA 5521 Development Planning and Policy Analysis 4 PA 5522 International Development Policy, Families & Health 3 PA 5590 Topics in Econ. and Community

Levinson, David M.

47

Developing a Marketing Plan  

E-print Network

Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-03-02

48

Beyond Responsiveness: Promoting Good Practice in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the involvement of further education (FE) colleges in England and Wales in economic development and presents case studies of good practice in nine FE colleges. Chapter 1 addresses FE's role in economic development and measuring and planning economic growth. Chapter 2 contains the case studies: Lewisham College's Action for…

Hughes, Maria; Kypri, Photoula

1998-01-01

49

SCIENCE, RELIGION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The correlations between scientometric indices, macroeco- nomic variables and results from attitude polls in different countries were explored. The results show that a minimum threshold of economic development (around GDP per capita of 1000US$) is required for science and the economy of a country to interact. Above that threshold, a positive interaction can be observed between economic development, scientific

Klaus Jaffe

2005-01-01

50

Geography and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the complex relationship between geography and macroeconomic growth. We investigate the ways in which geography may matter directly for growth, controlling for economic policies and institutions, as well as the effects of geography on policy choices and institutions. We find that location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth, through their effects on

John Luke Gallup; Jeffrey D. Sachs; Andrew D. Mellinger

1998-01-01

51

Women Empowerment and Economic Development  

E-print Network

Women empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit ...

Duflo, Esther

52

Minnesota's Transportation Economic Development (TED)  

E-print Network

· Carefully targeted transportation infrastructure improvements will: ­ Stimulate new economic development/safer access to markets ­ Provide more opportunities for employers/ employees ­ Improve livability development of new business or expanding existing businesses ­ Target industries: manufacturing, technology

Minnesota, University of

53

Frontiers and sustainable economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploiting new resource “frontiers,” such as agricultural land and mineral reserves, is a fundamental feature of economic\\u000a development in poor economies. Yet frontier-based development is symptomatic of a pattern of economy-wide resource exploitation\\u000a in developing economies that: (a) generates little additional economic rents, and (b) what rents are generated are not being\\u000a reinvested in other sectors. Such development is inherently

Edward B. Barbier

2007-01-01

54

11.202 Gateway: Planning Economics, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

Planning Economics (11.202) is a course that runs for the last one-third of a semester and covers economics topics of particular interest to city planning students: location theory, the interplay between externalities and ...

Levy, Frank

55

Individual Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website outlines a planning process to help postdocs identify their short- and long-term career and professional development goals and serves as a tool to facilitate communication about these goals between postdocs and their mentors. It also contains a model for conducting an annual review of training and professional progress and establishing a research and training plan for the future.

2012-01-04

56

Land law and urban planning in Spain: An economic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper builds on descriptions of the Spanish town planning system to examine it from an economic perspective. In particular, it emphasizes the mechanisms through which planning is delivered and their implications for economic decision?making in a constrained land market. This raises issues concerning the choice of planning instrument and the economizing reactions they generate. It also highlights three aspects

Geoffrey Keogh

1994-01-01

57

Development, Geography, and Economic Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do certain ideas gain currency in economics while others fall by the wayside? Paul Krugman argues that the unwillingness of mainstream economists to think about what they could not formalize led them to ignore ideas that turn out, in retrospect, to have been very good ones. Krugman examines the course of economic geography and development theory to shed light

Paul Krugman

1996-01-01

58

Essays in development economics  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 looks at the empirical estimation of the welfare impacts of bargaining. Bargaining for retail goods is common in developing countries, but rare in the developed world. The welfare implications of this difference ...

Keniston, Daniel Eben

2011-01-01

59

Three essays in development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis seeks to analyze two questions central to the economic welfare of rural households in developing countries: the trade-offs between equity and efficiency induced by hybrid forms of property rights, and the ...

Leight, Jessica E. (Jessica Ellen)

2013-01-01

60

Personnel Development. A Plan to Produce and Distribute an Instructional Package for Teaching the Concepts of Competency-Based Instruction in Home Economics Pre-service Teacher Education Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this final report is the development of a plan to produce and distribute an instructional package for teaching the concepts of competency-based instruction in home economics pre-service education programs in the state of Virginia. Nine Virginia Universities (Virginia Polytechnic Institution and State University, Radford College, James…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.

61

Economic Development in Mongolia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mongolian economy has evolved rapidly in recent decades. It has a number of particular features which makes it interesting to study from a development perspective. One is the landlocked condition which limits its development potential. Another is its high dependence on a few products and natural resources like minerals, energy and agriculture. A third is the large scale of its

Erkhemchimeg Byambasuren; Almas Heshmati

2010-01-01

62

[Communique on fulfillment of 1979 economic plan].  

PubMed

In 1979 China's total industrial and agricultural output value reached 617,500 million yuan, exceeding the economic plan by 1.5%. National income was 337,000 million yuan, which was 7% over 1978. This progress was achieved under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the people's government through conscientious implementation of the policy of readjustment, restructuring, consolidation, and improvement in the national economy. Discussion of the 1979 economic plan focuses on the following: industry; agriculture; capital construction; transport and post and telecommunications; domestic trade; foreign trade and tourism; science and technology and education and culture; health work and sports; the people's livelihood; and the population. The total 1979 industrial output value was 459,100 million yuan, 0.6% above the plan and 8.5% over 1978. The rate of increase of light industry exceeded that of heavy industry. Plans were met or surpassed for the output of 89 of 100 major products. The total value of agricultural output for 1979 was 158,400 million yuan, 4.2% above the plan and 8.6% higher than the previous year. The fixed assets turned over for use by capital construction units all over China came to 41,800 million yuan, a 17.4% increase over 1978. In 1979 the volume of railway freight transport was 558,800 million ton-kilometers, a 4.8% increase over 1978. The value of commodities purchased by commercial departments totaled 199,240 million yuan, topping 1978 by 14.5%. China had a population of 970.92 million by the end of 1979, 12.83 million people more than the 1978 figure. The birth rate was 17.9/1000 and the death rate was 6.2/1000. China's natural population growth rate was 11.7/1000. PMID:12264023

1980-04-30

63

Area development plan of the geothermal potential in planning region 8, Roosevelt - Custer area  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal resource data, the Roosevelt-Custer Region development plan, and energy, economic, and institutional considerations are presented. Environmental considerations and water availability are discussed. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01

64

Natural Resources and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural Resources and Economic Development, first published in 2005, explores a key paradox: why is natural resource exploitation not yielding greater benefits to the poor economies of Africa, Asia and Latin America? Part I examines this paradox both through a historical review of resource use and development and through examining current theories which explain the under-performance of today's resource-abundant economies,

Edward B. Barbier

2005-01-01

65

Health, Nutrition, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between economic development and health has received far less attention than the relationship between development and schooling. However, recent studies indicate that better health is associated with improved labor market outcomes, particularly in low-income settings. Difficulties in disentangling the causal mechanisms underlying these associations are discussed, highlighting the role of behaviors and measurement of health. The empirical literature

John Strauss; Duncan Thomas

1998-01-01

66

The significance of development economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development economics focuses on the elemental forces that raise per capita income. A key factor in this process is the growth-generating reallocation of labor and capital among sectors, an aspect missed completely by all versions of the neoclassical growth theory. The relevance of our discipline to development policy remains undiminished by a greater recognition of market forces and freer international

Syed Nawab Haider Naqvi

1996-01-01

67

Guidelines for Analysis of Environmental Health Planning in Developing Countries. Volume 2: Environmental Health Planning. International Health Planning Methods Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist Agency for International Development (AID) officers, advisors, and health officials in incorporating health planning into national plans for economic development, this second of ten manuals in the International Health Planning Methods Series deals with assessment, planning, and evaluation in the field of environmental health.…

Fraser, Renee White; Shani, Hadasa

68

Individual Development Plan Worksheet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This individual development plan (IDP) worksheet helps the individual identify scientific career paths that match their scientific skills, values, and interests. Once a career path is selected, individuals can use this worksheet to set personal goals, conduct information interviews, and explore additional career resources.

Jennifer A Hobin (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology)

2011-04-13

69

Thermal Energy Storage Evaluation Program: 1986 annual report. [Economic planning, technical assessment, field tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Thermal Energy Storage Evaluation Program activities were initiated to provide economic planning, technical assessment and field testing support for the thermal energy storage program, as well as management of the overall program for the DOE. Economic planning included two assessment studies. In technical assessment, issues that might affect an assessment were outlined for the development of a standard methodology

M. K. Drost; J. M. Bates; D. R. Brown; R. O. Weijo

1987-01-01

70

U of A responds to community (Edmonton) Economic development in Alberta has received a boost from the University of Alberta, with a new community planning  

E-print Network

program (accessible through the faculties of arts and science) will produce outstanding planners to work U of A responds to community (Edmonton) Economic development in Alberta has received a boost planners in Alberta where the scarcity of planners stymies development, he says, and can result in projects

Machel, Hans

71

Research and Economic Development at  

E-print Network

by the committee and assignment of a protocol number. ANIMALS: All research using animals, whether or not it is funded, must be reviewed by the UCR Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). Research canResearch and Economic Development at UC Riverside Michael Pazzani Vice Chancellor for Research

72

Backpacker tourism and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

International tourism is often perceived by LDC (Less Developed Country) government tourism planners as an engine of economic growth, but the focus is commonly upon mass tourism while ignoring the subsector of backpacker tourism. The case study of Gili Trawangan island in Lombok, eastern Indonesia, indicates that the encouragement of backpacker tourism may alleviate some of the excesses of international

Mark P Hampton

1998-01-01

73

Management Model for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An economic development model was formulated to foster and strengthen commerce and industry retention and expansion in the state of Illinois. The main thrust of the model was on increasing productivity, decreasing business failures, encouraging entrepreneurship, and creating a favorable business climate through community support. To meet these…

Harris, Edward

74

Economic Development in South Carolina  

E-print Network

Retirement and Economic Development in South Carolina Supported by: The South Carolina DepartmentCollege of Business AdministrationCollege of Business Administration University of South CarolinaUniversity of South CarolinaUniversity of South CarolinaUniversity of South CarolinaUniversity of South Carolina Columbia

Almor, Amit

75

Research, Education, and Economics Information System: An Engine for Strategic Planning and Information Policy Development at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the implementation of a strategic information policy audit as a key component in the development of the Research, Education, and Economics Information System (REEIS) at the Department of Agriculture that helps analyze the organization's infrastructure. Discusses the process as a generalized systems model for organizational research.…

Cortez, Edwin Michael

1999-01-01

76

Detailed Work Plan for Development of a Hawai`i  

E-print Network

Development and Tourism, in a contract with that organization. Elements of this work plan have been used is submitted to the Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism (DBEDT) as an account of workDetailed Work Plan for Development of a Hawai`i Bioenergy Master Plan Prepared for the U

77

Entrepreneurship, economic development and institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an introduction to the special issue from the 3rd Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Research Conference held in\\u000a Washington, D.C., in 2008. The paper has three objectives. First, to discuss the importance of the three stages of economic\\u000a development, the factor-driven stage, the efficiency-driven stage and the innovation-driven stage. Second, to examine the empirical evidence on the relationship between

Zoltan J. Acs; Sameeksha Desai; Jolanda Hessels

2008-01-01

78

IMPORTANCE OF BUSINESS PLANNING IN AN ENVIRONMENT LACKING ECONOMIC PREDICTABILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of business planning in an environment that lacks economic predictability is enhanced because it increases the ability of firms to be proactive. It is however necessary to accept the fundamental assumption that planning activity is conducted in a turbulent environment, where unpredictable events occur frequently. Planning is possible even when changes are common and difficult to predict, by

Tudor Ciumara

2010-01-01

79

Graphite Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This technology development plan is designed to provide a clear understanding of the research and development direction necessary for the qualification of nuclear grade graphite for use within the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) reactor. The NGNP will be a helium gas cooled Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) with a large graphite core. Graphite physically contains the fuel and comprises the majority of the core volume. Considerable effort will be required to ensure that the graphite performance is not compromised during operation. Based upon the perceived requirements the major data needs are outlined and justified from the perspective of reactor design, reatcor performance, or the reactor safety case. The path forward for technology development can then be easily determined for each data need. How the data will be obtained and the inter-relationships between the experimental and modeling activities will define the technology development for graphite R&D. Finally, the variables affecting this R&D program are discussed from a general perspective. Factors that can significantly affect the R&D program such as funding, schedules, available resources, multiple reactor designs, and graphite acquisition are analyzed.

W. Windes; T. Burchell; R. Bratton

2007-09-01

80

Labor emigration and economic development.  

PubMed

"This article is concerned with the extent to which labor migration is advantageous to the labor exporting country. It focuses on development consequences of labor emigration with a view toward the formulation of policies which can shape those consequences into a positive force for development, discussing a wide variety of potential costs and benefits generated by labor emigration. The issue of private versus public choice relative to emigration is examined, as [are] the major economic benefits and costs of labor emigration and the influence of development objectives on the valuation of these costs and benefits. Policies by which emigration countries may increase the benefits from labor emigration and reduce the costs are outlined." PMID:12265314

Stahl, C W

1982-01-01

81

River Hills Economic Development District Jill Saegesser  

E-print Network

development Historic preservation Tourism, Park and Recreational Facilities Economic Dislocation AdjustmentRiver Hills Economic Development District Jill Saegesser 300 Spring Street, Suite 2A Jeffersonville://www.riverhills.cc/ The River Hills Economic Development District (RHEDD) serves a five-county region in southeast Indiana which

82

The economic consequences of reproductive health and family planning.  

PubMed

We consider the evidence for the effect of access to reproductive health services on the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, and 3, which aim to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, and promote gender equality and empower women. At the household level, controlled trials in Matlab, Bangladesh, and Navrongo, Ghana, have shown that increasing access to family planning services reduces fertility and improves birth spacing. In the Matlab study, findings from long-term follow-up showed that women's earnings, assets, and body-mass indexes, and children's schooling and body-mass indexes, substantially improved in areas with improved access to family planning services compared with outcomes in control areas. At the macroeconomic level, reductions in fertility enhance economic growth as a result of reduced youth dependency and an increased number of women participating in paid labour. PMID:22784535

Canning, David; Schultz, T Paul

2012-07-14

83

Economic analysis for transmission operation and planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Restructuring of the electric power industry has caused dramatic changes in the use of transmission system. The increasing congestion conditions as well as the necessity of integrating renewable energy introduce new challenges and uncertainties to transmission operation and planning. Accurate short-term congestion forecasting facilitates market traders in bidding and trading activities. Cost sharing and recovery issue is a major impediment for long-term transmission investment to integrate renewable energy. In this research, a new short-term forecasting algorithm is proposed for predicting congestion, LMPs, and other power system variables based on the concept of system patterns. The advantage of this algorithm relative to standard statistical forecasting methods is that structural aspects underlying power market operations are exploited to reduce the forecasting error. The advantage relative to previously proposed structural forecasting methods is that data requirements are substantially reduced. Forecasting results based on a NYISO case study demonstrate the feasibility and accuracy of the proposed algorithm. Moreover, a negotiation methodology is developed to guide transmission investment for integrating renewable energy. Built on Nash Bargaining theory, the negotiation of investment plans and payment rate can proceed between renewable generation and transmission companies for cost sharing and recovery. The proposed approach is applied to Garver's six bus system. The numerical results demonstrate fairness and efficiency of the approach, and hence can be used as guidelines for renewable energy investors. The results also shed light on policy-making of renewable energy subsidies.

Zhou, Qun

2011-12-01

84

Transfer Guide: Agricultural Economics -1 -Revised1 September 2010 TRANSFER GUIDE AND PLANNING WORKSHEET  

E-print Network

Transfer Guide: Agricultural Economics - 1 - Revised1 September 2010 TRANSFER GUIDE AND PLANNING Economics agricultural economics concentration This planning worksheet represents a guide for community college students transferring to Colorado State University and majoring in Agricultural Economics

85

Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan (Development Plan) is to guide the physical development of the 200 Areas (which refers to the 200 East Area, 200 West Area, and 200 Area Corridor, located between the 200 East and 200 West Areas) in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.lB (DOE 1991a) by performing the following: Establishing a land-use plan and setting land-use categories that meet the needs of existing and proposed activities. Coordinating existing, 5-year, and long-range development plans and guiding growth in accordance with those plans. Establishing development guidelines to encourage cost-effective development and minimize conflicts between adjacent activities. Identifying site development issues that need further analysis. Integrating program plans with development plans to ensure a logical progression of development. Coordinate DOE plans with other agencies [(i.e., Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)]. Being a support document to the Hanford Site Development Plan (DOE-RL 1990a) (parent document) and providing technical site information relative to the 200 Areas.

Rinne, C.A.; Daly, K.S.

1993-08-01

86

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

87

48 CFR 31.205-12 - Economic planning costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Economic planning costs. 31.205-12 Section 31.205-12 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES...

2010-10-01

88

Geothermal development plan: Yuma County  

SciTech Connect

The Yuma County Area Development Plan evaluated the county-wide market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified four potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 90/sup 0/C (194/sup 0/F), and in addition, two areas are inferred to contain geothermal resources with intermediate (90/sup 0/C to 150/sup 0/C, 194/sup 0/F to 300/sup 0/F) temperature potential. The resource areas are isolated, although one resource area is located near Yuma, Arizona. One resource site is inferred to contain a hot dry rock resource. Anticipated population growth in the county is expected to be 2 percent per year over the next 40 years. The primary employment sector is agriculture, though some light industry is located in the county. Water supplies are found to be adequate to support future growth without advese affect on agriculture. Six firms were found in Yuma County which may be able to utilize geothermal energy for process heat needs. In addition, several agricultural processors were found, concentrated in citrus processing and livestock raising. Geothermal energy utilization projections suggest that by the year 2000, geothermal energy may economically provide the energy equivalent of 53,000 barrels of oil per year to the industrial sector if developed privately. Geothermal utilization projections increase to 132,000 barrels of oil per year by 2000 if a municipal utility developed the resource.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

89

The Unofficial Economy and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing countries, informal firms (those that are not registered with the government) account for about half of all economic activity. We consider three broad views of the role of such firms in economic development. According to the romantic view, these firms would become the engine of economic growth if not stopped by government regulation. According to the parasite view,

Rafael La Porta; Andrei Shleifer

2008-01-01

90

NARF Indian Economic Development Law Project Begins.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Native American Rights Fund (NARF) is beginning a project to assist tribes and Indian communities with the legal aspects of economic and business development. Historic monopolistic and oppressive trade restrictions imposed on the tribes created an economic context that has suppressed Indian economic development for over two centuries. Faced…

NARF Legal Review, 1989

1989-01-01

91

Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

2013-01-01

92

Essays in experimental and development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three essays on economic development and experimental economics. In Chapter 1, I present experimental evidence about how Thais treat information from domestic and foreign sources. Thai students ...

Healy, Andrew J

2005-01-01

93

Essays in development and environmental economics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and environmental economics. Chapter 1 measures the response of U.S. based multinational firms to the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), which ...

Hanna, Rema

2005-01-01

94

Human Development Competencies in Preservice Home Economics Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Views the influence of human development content in home economics preservice education (1) as subject matter to teach; (2) as development concepts teachers need in order to plan, teach, and evaluate student educational experiences; and (3) as a way for students to understand their own behavior and attitudes. (CT)

Dewald-Link, Margaret R.

1980-01-01

95

Agriculture, population, and economic planning in Ethiopia, 1953-1980.  

PubMed

This paper deals with the economic development of Ethiopia in the 3 decades between 1950 and 1980. In particular, it examines governmental efforts at agricultural planning during this period compared to the actual experience of the country. The dominant forces governing the changes that occurred in this period were accelerated population growth and the declining availability of arable land, which combined to push a fragile, traditional ecosystem to the brink of disaster. Government planning efforts had little impact in the pre-1974 period, since they were too modest and small scale to affect the highly traditional and primitive mode of peasant cultivation. The sweeping structural changes introduced by the new regime since 1974 seem to have mainly adverse effects and to have decreased both productivity and yields. Ethiopia lacks the basic infrastructure and incentive system to create an environment in which technological change is possible. Presumably the declining agricultural growth rate from 1953 to 1974 suggests that the traditional, prerevolution system was failing to create these favorable conditions and hence was losing the race with population growth. The post-1974 revolutionary government's policy has been, in effect, an effort to jump to an advanced phase of agricultural development, and this seems to have been even less successful. These plans have, in all fairness, been hamstrung since 1981 by drought, famine, and civil war, but have probably themselves contributed to the severity of those events. Overall, Ethiopian agricultural planning has not been notably successful. From 1953-1980, total agricultural production is estimated to have grown at a slowly decreasing rate. The collapse of agriculture due to several years of drought obviously cannot be blamed on government planning, but its severity clearly has been at least partly a function of policy failures. PMID:12280692

Robinson, W C; Yamazaki, F

1986-04-01

96

Planning Report 02-3 The Economic  

E-print Network

and Conceptual Model 3-1 3.1 Software Testing Inadequacies........................................... 3-2 #12;iv Infrastructure ......................................................... 3-5 3.2 Conceptual Economic Model Framework..................................................... 3-7 3.3.2 Factors Influencing the Profit

97

How did strategic planning help during the economic crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the extent to which organizations were prepared for the economic crisis, the nature of responses, and factors that might explain preparedness and modes of response. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey conducted in July 2009 and sponsored by the Association for Strategic Planning, sampled 190 US managers involved in strategic planning within

James W. Wilson; Soren Eilertsen

2010-01-01

98

A New Direction: The Clinton Budget and Economic Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet offers an in-depth analysis of the Clinton Administration budget and economic plan. The initial overview explains why the budget can be regarded as both a poverty-reduction and deficit-reduction budget. Chapter 2 offers detailed descriptions of the three main components of the plan--the deficit reduction measure (i.e., spending cuts…

Greenstein, Robert; Leonard, Paul

99

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2013-01-01

100

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2012-01-01

101

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2014-01-01

102

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2010-01-01

103

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... § 302.11 Economic development information clearinghouse...EDA maintains an economic development information clearinghouse on its Internet Web site at...

2011-01-01

104

Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As many cities have begin to grapple with their vast areas of brownfields that dot the urban landscape, the federal government has begun to step in and provide various financial assistance in order to assist with the redevelopment of abandoned, idled and underused industrial and commercial facilities. This website, provided by the U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development, provides information about the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI), which is a competitive grant program that is meant to serve as a stimulus for local government and private sector parties to start the long redevelopment process. The site contains detailed information about the program, along with archived webcasts that talk about various success stories that have been funded with monies from the program thus far. Also on the site, information is provided about how brownfields are defined and how monies for the program have been distributed to various communities. Finally, visitors will want to take a look at the related publications available here, including those that detail various brownfields initiative and the potential long-term effects of environmental degradation.

105

Business Plan Development Company Description  

E-print Network

, the ZZZZZZZZ Project Description and Deliverables: New tool development and introduction to market. Target. Key Deliverables Business plan to include the following: 1. Target markets 2. Marketing plan was developed by my grandfather in the early 1930's. Short Project Name: Market introduction of a new tool

Dahl, David B.

106

Philippine Rural Banks and Economic Development1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the link between financial and economic development at the regional level in the Philippines and focuses on the role played by rural banks in regional economic activity. We apply cointegration panel data analysis on regional banking and economic data for the period 1993 to 2005. We ranked the sixteen regions in three different groups based on their

Céline CROUZILLE; Jessica LOS BANOS; Emmanuelle NYS; Alain SAUVIAT

107

Development of a forestry plan for the upper catchment of the South Esk to provide options for socio-economic benefits and taking account of stakeholder participation   

E-print Network

stakeholder participation in the implementation of the South Esk Catchment Management Plan since 2010 and their possible future working relationship to implement planting activities, as proposed in the preliminary forestry plan. The research was carried out...

Lew, Siew Yan

108

Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1988, the World Bank Group (described in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) has addressed issues of economic architecture, corporate governance, crime, land reform, and the economics of transition at the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE). Currently, papers from previous ABCDE's are available online with a keynote addresses, such as by nobel laureate James Tobin, and interested individuals are invited to comment on forthcoming conference papers at the ABCDE homepage.

109

Geothermal development plan: Maricopa County  

SciTech Connect

The Maricopa County Geothermal Development Plan evaluated the market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified six potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 100{sup 0}C (212{sup 0}F) and in addition, four suspected intermediate temperature areas (90{sup 0} to 150{sup 0}C, 194{sup 0} to 300{sup 0}F). Geothermal resources are found to occur in and near the Phoenix metropolitan area where average population growth rates of two to three percent per year are expected over the next 40 years. Rapid growth in the manufacturing, trade and service sectors of the regional economy provides opportunities for the direct utilization of geothermal energy. A regional energy use analysis is included containing energy use and price projections. Water supplies are found to be adequate to support this growth, though agricultural water use is expected to diminish. The study also contains a detailed section matching geothermal resources to potential users. Two comparative analyses providing economic details for space heating projects are incorporated.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

110

Wind Energy and Economic Development in Nebraska  

Microsoft Academic Search

This fact sheet summarizes a recent report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Economic Development Benefits from Wind Power in Nebraska: A Report for the Nebraska Energy Office, which focuses on the estimated economic development impacts in Nebraska from development and operation of wind power in the state as envisioned in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) report, 20%

Lantz

2009-01-01

111

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 683 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Towards Developing a Global Wildland Fire Strategy1 Johann G. Goldammer2 Abstract Considering

Standiford, Richard B.

112

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 597 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Preliminary Development of a Probability- Based Fire Severity Modeling System for California

Standiford, Richard B.

113

Catalogue of Social and Economic Development Institutes and Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This international directory of institutes covers over 140 specialized postgraduate level programs offered in such fields as economic and social planning, agricultural or industrial development, and public administration by 78 universities and other educational institutions in 25 nations, as well as through 15 international bodies. Each entry…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

114

Economic analysis for transmission operation and planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Restructuring of the electric power industry has caused dramatic changes in the use of transmission system. The increasing congestion conditions as well as the necessity of integrating renewable energy introduce new challenges and uncertainties to transmission operation and planning. Accurate short-term congestion forecasting facilitates market traders in bidding and trading activities. Cost sharing and recovery issue is a major impediment

Qun Zhou

2011-01-01

115

Guidelines for Analysis of Communicable Disease Control Planning in Developing Countries. Volume 1: Communicable Diseases Control Planning. International Health Planning Methods Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist Agency for International Development (AID) officers, advisors, and health officials in incorporating health planning into national plans for economic development, this first of ten manuals in the International Health Planning Methods Series deals with planning and evaluation of communicable disease control programs. The first…

Chin, James

116

77 FR 5043 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5300-FA-08...Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program for Fiscal...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Announcement of...

2012-02-01

117

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5300-FA-04...Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal Year 2009 AGENCY...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Notice of funding...

2011-02-18

118

77 FR 5044 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5415-FA-40...Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program for Fiscal...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Announcement of...

2012-02-01

119

77 FR 5043 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5419-FA-01...Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program for Fiscal...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Announcement of...

2012-02-01

120

Developing and executing a strategic plan.  

PubMed

Because of the historic economic crisis, the past 18 months--2008 and the first half of 2009--have been challenging for many plastic surgery practices. Prior to the economic crisis in 2008, many practices enjoyed success with little synchronization between financial and productivity results, practice goals, and strategic planning. Now, suddenly, there is a great deal of interest in the alignment of budgets and financial reporting, marketing return on investment (ROI), staff accountability, and overhead management. The process of developing a business plan can serve to bring clarity and objectivity to the assessment of practice goals and market dynamics. The business planning process also provides assurance of more efficient use of the practice's human and capital resources. Ultimately, the process will bring order, discipline, and focus to practice stakeholders, thus increasing the likelihood of meeting or exceeding practice goals. The process: (1) defining the mission of the practice; (2) completing a competitive analysis for your market; (3) completing an assessment of your current environment; (4) completing an assessment of the financial health of your practice; (5) preparation of a SWOT (strengths, weakness, opportunity, threat) analysis; and (6) a translation of your mission statement into specific long-term goals and short-term performance objectives. The outcome of completing these tasks should be an actionable plan that will serve as a guide or road map for the practice. A well-articulated plan will solidify staff confidence, continue the advancement of a strong business foundation, and provide clear navigation through this new economic landscape in a way that preserves your ability to provide the care you have devoted yourselves to deliver. Today's needs, and yesterday's lessons, dictate that a well-documented strategic action plan be undertaken. PMID:20127597

Morley, Glenn

2010-02-01

121

Adventuresports and Economic Development Team Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adventuresports Institute offers a two-year degree program at Garrett Community College (McHenry, Maryland) that combines courses in adventure sports with economics, marketing, environmental science, and events management. The goal is to develop an infrastructure for the adventure sport industry and promote economic development in Appalachia based…

Baldwin, Fred

1994-01-01

122

Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (Postcard)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the Jobs and Economic Development Benefits model. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the Jobs and Economic Development Benefits model section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01

123

Economic Development Impacts of 20% Wind (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Meeting 20% of the nation's electricity demand with wind energy will require enourmous investment in wind farms, manufacturing, and infrastructure. This investment will create substantial economic development impacts on local, regional, and national levels. This conference poster for Windpower 2007 outlines the various economic development impacts from a 20% wind scenario.

Kelly, M.; Tegen, S.

2007-06-01

124

Communication technology transfer : Impact on economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

International technology transfer is defined and described from the economics perspective, with emphasis on costs. Its role in economic development is discussed, including its impact on social values and the question of 'appropriate' technology for developing countries. Examples are provided for communications technology, particularly in the areas of telecommunications and satellite communications.

Meheroo Jussawalla

1980-01-01

125

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report The Sustainability of the UBC Food System Project: A Sustainable Business Plan for  

E-print Network

.......................................... 21 1) Agora's Current Business Plan 21 2) Questionnaire on Food Security And Customer Demand 27 3 with FAS 33 #12;3 Abstract. The UBC Food System Project is in its third year and aims to assess and improve of the UBC Food System Project: A Sustainable Business Plan for Agora David Coney, Sandra Jacob, Yee Wah Lee

126

Aggressive development plans  

SciTech Connect

Hydropower developments are capital-intensive, are subject to uncertainty in water availability, and have a somewhat higher construction-cost risk than thermal projects. However, a developer who selects an attractive site, arranges a good financial package, and designs and constructs a well-conceived hydropower project can earn an attractive long-term return while providing a dependable, low-cost source of energy to consumers. In the Philippines, many attractive hydropower sites are now available. As demonstrated by the attendance at the US Trade and Development Agency-sponsored Symposium on Power Development and Investment Opportunities in the Philippines, in Washington, D.C., on Sept. 21 and 22, 1993, there is a growing interest in private hydropower. Following its successful record in implementing thermal private power developments, the Philippines now offers many attractive opportunities to exploit its tremendous potential in the hydropower sector.

McCandless, D.H.

1993-11-01

127

ForestEconomics Enterprise Development  

E-print Network

) as an alternative income source for commercial multiple land use farms in South Africa This ongoing study Strategy and Implementa- tion Plan for South Africa The potential shortage of sawlogs in South Africa has of a strategy to address sawlog supply in South Africa in future. The study dealt with the strategy for sawlog

Geldenhuys, Jaco

128

Wind Energy and Economic Development in Nebraska  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet summarizes a recent report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Economic Development Benefits from Wind Power in Nebraska: A Report for the Nebraska Energy Office, which focuses on the estimated economic development impacts in Nebraska from development and operation of wind power in the state as envisioned in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) report, 20% Wind Energy by 2030.

Lantz, E.

2009-06-01

129

Planning Report 07-1 Economic Analysis of the  

E-print Network

.1 The Nature and Roles of Technology Infrastructure....................1-4 1.2 The Biopharmaceutical IndustryPlanning Report 07-1 Economic Analysis of the Technology Infrastructure Needs of the U.S. Biopharmaceutical Industry Prepared by: RTI International for National Institute of Standards & Technology November

130

Natural resources, education, and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic growth since 1965 has varied inversely with the share of natural capital in national wealth across countries. Four main channels of transmission from abundant natural resources to stunted economic development are discussed: (a) the Dutch disease, (b) rent seeking, (c) overconfidence, and (d) neglect of education. Public expenditure on education relative to national income, expected years of schooling for

Thorvaldur Gylfason

2001-01-01

131

Academic Libraries and Regional Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic libraries should follow the practice adopted by some academic institutions during recent periods of economic scarcity and develop economic and political ties with the business community, a partnership that could provide genuine benefits for members of the business community, elected officials, and academia. An example of such cooperation…

Fiscella, Joan B.; Ringel, Joan D.

132

India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents analysis of endemic deprivation in India and the role of public action in addressing the problem. The analysis is based on a broad view of economic development, focusing on human well-being and 'social opportunity' rather than the standard indicators of economic growth. India's success in reducing deprivation since Independence has been limited. Recent diagnoses of this failure

Jean Dreze; Amartya Sen

1995-01-01

133

Economic Development through Youth. A Program for Schools and Communities. Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to help teachers, businesses, Chambers of Commerce, and students start their own economic development activities and youth ventures. It describes a two-step plan to economic development through youth: development of an in-school student chamber of commerce program and development of a youth-owned venture. The first part of…

Nolen, Lori

134

LDUA engineering development plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides guidance to perform Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) development work and documentation required to validate the design of the LDUA System.The LDUA system will be used to deploy various types of sensors and devices to demonstrate the technology and qualify the integrated systems for operational use in the Hanford single shell tanks to characterize the waste inside and assess tank integrity.

Engstrom, J.W.

1994-09-15

135

Developing a patient safety plan.  

PubMed

Many healthcare organizations are focused on the development of a strategic plan to enhance patient safety. The challenge is creating a plan that focuses on patient safety outcomes, integrating the multitude of internal and external drivers of patient safety, aligning improvement initiatives to create synergy and providing a framework for meaningful measurement of intermediate and long-term results while remaining consistent with an organizational mission, vision and strategic goals. This strategy-focused approach recognizes that patient safety initiatives completed in isolation will not provide consistent progress toward a goal, and that a balanced approach is required that includes the development and systematic execution of bundles of related initiatives. This article outlines the process used by Hamilton Health Sciences in adopting Kaplan and Norton's strategy map methodology underpinned by their balanced scorecard framework to create a comprehensive multi-year plan for patient safety that integrates best practice literature from patient safety, quality and organizational development. PMID:18382157

Zimmerman, Rosanne; Ip, Ivan; Christoffersen, Emily; Shaver, Jill

2008-01-01

136

Three Essays on Economic Development in Africa  

E-print Network

To achieve economic development, regional authorities have to address issues that relate to climate change, efficient information flow in the market place, and health care. This dissertation presents three essays on current issues of concern...

Musumba, Mark

2012-10-19

137

Essays in development economics and political economy  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on issues in economic development, with a focus ,on political economy and the labor market in India. Chapter 1] analyzes the effect of television coverage on political ...

Datta, Saugato

2007-01-01

138

Megacities : sustainability, transport, and economic development  

E-print Network

The connections between sustainability, transport, and economic development are and will remain essential in the governance of cities. Sustainability concepts include valuing and preserving the earth's resources so that ...

Tobias, Justin Charles, 1980-

2005-01-01

139

Is Your Community Ready for Economic Development?  

E-print Network

A critical step in initiating or facilitating an effective economic development project is to determine if the community is actually prepared to take on such a difficult task. This publication can help community leaders determine how "prepared a...

Saldana, Luis

2003-03-30

140

Resources, environment and economic development in Nigeria.  

PubMed

It is argued that Nigeria must focus on effective environmentally protective intensive farming, resource management methods, and strong family planning programs. Other contributory factors are recognized as the lack of democracy and the "ill-advised" internal policies of the government. The emphasis is on man-made decisions about migration, natality, and land use practices that have ecological consequences that significantly affect the economy. Land degradation in Nigeria is attributed to improper agricultural and husbandry practices. Land degradation has severe ecological, economic, and human costs. Awareness of environmental problems in Nigeria is growing. Natural disasters such as the droughts of 1984-85, continued soil depletion, accumulations of soil wastes, increased flooding in urban areas, and land erosion in Anambra state are evidence of the growing environmental problems. Agricultural development should involve changing rural land use practices, using technology that is "appropriate" to the climate, crops, and culture of the people, and introducing agroforestry. Population growth in Nigeria puts pressure on the fragile ecosystem. Actual carrying capacity is a rough calculation. Nigeria's population growth patterns follow a pattern that suggests population pressure on carrying capacity. The acceleration of population growth has strained the traditional system of agriculture. Land is overused, and cultivation continues on unsuitable land. Domestic policies during the oil boom encouraged rapid industrialization at the expense of the environment. Migration increased to urban centers, but cities did not provide suitable housing, waste disposal, safe water supplies, and other basic facilities. PMID:12347030

Okpala, A O

1995-06-01

141

Economic evaluations of hepatitis B vaccination for developing countries.  

PubMed

Economic evaluations, in particular cost-effectiveness, are important determinants for policy makers and stakeholders involved in decision-making for health interventions. Up until now, most evaluations of cost-effectiveness of hepatitis B vaccination have been performed in developed countries. Appropriate health-economic studies on this topic specifically targeted at the developing world are essential in order to justify adding another vaccine into the existing Expanded Program on Immunization in these countries. We present a systematic review of economic evaluations of vaccination against HBV for developing and less-developed countries. Vaccine price, the discount rate, incidence and prevalence of HBV infection were found to be major drivers of cost-effectiveness. Data accuracy and reliability were also major issues, with major potentials for improvement in studies of these countries. The choice between monovalent or combination vaccines (diphteria, tetanus and polio-hepatitis B) poses new challenges to cost-effectiveness analysis. It is concluded that for many developing countries implementation of universal immunization against HBV to reduce the level of endemicity of hepatitis B is an appropriate strategy, and probably cost effective in many settings. Given their limited financial resources, developing countries should properly plan how to achieve this. Further country-specific economic evaluations and related gathering of high-quality data must be conducted in developing countries in order to raise both public awareness of the effectiveness and economic attractiveness of universal immunization against HBV. PMID:19538116

Tu, Hong-Anh T; Woerdenbag, Herman J; Kane, Sumit; Riewpaiboon, Arthorn; van Hulst, Marinus; Postma, Maarten J

2009-07-01

142

Financial Development and Dual Economic Structural Transformation: Experience from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dual economic structure is not only a typical feature of developing countries in their initial economic development, but also its transformation is the main task of economic development in these countries. Finance is the core of modern economy, and financial development would exert crucial influences on dual economic structure transformation. However, neither financial development theory, nor dual economic structure theory

Wang Xiu-hua; Wan Ying

2006-01-01

143

A Dream Experiment in Development Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors discuss a unique project carried out by 13 teams of four students each in the undergraduate Development Economics class during the 2012 spring semester at a private liberal arts college. The goal of the "Dream Experiment" was to think of an idea that promotes development, employs concepts from development

Singh, Prakarsh; Russo, Alexa

2013-01-01

144

Sustainable Development: Environment and Economic Framework Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable development is a multifaceted concept that has drawn on a number of disciplines including economics, ecology, ethics, sociology and political science. Sustainable development links the welfare of generations with the capacity of the biosphere to sustain life and has a policy focus. Sustainable development is not a fixed state but rather a process of change in which resource exploitation,

Basil M. H. Sharp

2001-01-01

145

Recognizing Constraints to Local Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on Kaufman's distinction between development in the community and development of the community, this paper discusses the constraints on local economic development associated with increased concentration of capital. The likelihood of successfully employing "import substitution" and other localization strategies without confronting issues of…

Fitzgerald, Joan; Meyer, Peter B.

1986-01-01

146

Tourism and economic development: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the literature on tourism and economic development, identifying the contribution that tourism can make to development, including foreign currency, income and employment, and the costs that it entails. Single equation and system of equations models for estimating tourism demand are provided, indicating developing countries’ potential to benefit from increasing expenditure on tourism but their susceptibility to deterioration

M. Thea Sinclair

1998-01-01

147

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica  

E-print Network

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica: The Tico Tiger that hasn't..... Carnegie Endowment, MA, USA #12;FDI and Development in Costa Rica: The Power of Path Dependency and the Peril of Lack benefits #12;Costa Rica's (and LA's) Approach to Development: From ISI to Washington Consensus Trade

148

Economic viability analysis of planned WEC system installations for electrical power production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this investigation is the development and implementation of a general and systematic procedure for the evaluation of the economic viability of planned installations of wind energy converters (WEC) for the purpose of electrical power production. The procedure is based on: the assessment of wind energy potential of an area (of interest); the limitations involved in selecting specific

Demetrios P Papadopoulos; John Ch Dermentzoglou

2002-01-01

149

Anthracite refuse pollution and socio-economic planning in northeastern Pennsylvania  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to develop a rational plan for refuse bank removal, one should consider the areal or spatial differences found within the anthracite region. These areal differences include such factors as socio-economic health, land values, air pollution potentials, aesthetic pollution or visual blight, and the differing shapes of anthracite banks that can be measured by area-volume ratios. Because the anthracite

R. P. Larkin; G. L. Peters; T. S. Spicer

1972-01-01

150

Regional input into centralized economic planning: The case of Soviet Central Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses the case of the Soviet Union to demonstrate that in centrally planned economies there remain both incentives and channels for regional administrators to express local interests to the center and have these interests reflected in national policy decisions. Debate over future economic development in Soviet Central Asia is fascinating in what it reveals concerning the nature of

Terese S. Zimmer

1985-01-01

151

Strategies and Linkages: A Guide for Linking Vocational Education and Tribal Economic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a result of the project, Strategies for Linking Vocational Education Programs to Tribal Economic Plans, the guide contains information obtained from 20 tribes who are currently providing vocational education programs under the One Percent Set-Aside Federal Vocational Education funding, a program that provides the opportunity for…

Minhas, Jasjit; And Others

152

[Strategic planning: an important economic action for German hospitals].  

PubMed

In medical systems, economic issues and means of action are in the course of dwindling human (physicians and nurses) and financial resources are more important. For this reason, physicians must understand basic economic principles. Only in this way, there may be medical autonomy from social systems and hospital administrators. The current work is an approach to present a model for strategic planning of an anesthesia department. For this, a "strengths", "weaknesses", "opportunities", and "threats" (SWOT) analysis is used. This display is an example of an exemplary anaesthetic department. PMID:22161910

Wiese, Christoph H R; Zink, Wolfgang; Russo, Sebastian G

2011-11-01

153

Subsea completions improve development economics  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a brief historical account of the development of the offshore drilling and production sector of the oil and gas industries. The paper provides data showing the growth of offshore drilling and completion on a world-wide basis. The author attributes this to the increased reliability of subsurface production equipment showing that the new control systems have lowered the failure rate to less than two percent. The paper traces the early offshore field development and equipment used to the current floating production platforms and how they came into existence. Finally, the paper discusses the development of offshore standards for drilling, production, and control equipment.

Booth, D. (Subsea Data Services, Wimberly, TX (United States))

1993-10-01

154

Education and Modernization of Micronesia: A Case Study in Development and Development Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case study examined the development of an overall education plan for the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The methodology of multidisciplinary education planning through the use of general comparative analysis models of political, economic, and social development is explained: Almond and Powell's framework for the analysis of political…

Pearse, Richard; Bezanson, Keith A.

155

WORKING GROUP ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

Vice President of Statewide Operations and Eco- nomic Development for the North Carolina Biotech: the NC Biotech Center and MCNC. Feldman compared the two entities in terms of orga- nizational structure.4 million, while the Biotech Center started with $843,000 in funding from the state. As Feldman explained

Engel, Jonathan

156

CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Community Economic Development  

E-print Network

and social media. & A sustainable local economy is a complex system of exchanges, built on reciprocity access to alumni network, news and events develop a lasting and relevant peer network Benefits Conn, Co-operative Enterprise Naomi Devine, Pitching, Presenting & Visualization Peter Elkins. Social

Kavanagh, Karen L.

157

Capitation and fee-for-service dental benefit plans: economic incentives, utilization, and service-mix.  

PubMed

Insurance carriers, corporations, and labor groups are actively developing and marketing dental capitation benefit plans. Incentives to both dentists and patients in these plans differ from those in the traditional fee-for-service system used with conventional benefit plans. This paper describes the likely effects of these incentive differences on utilization and service-mix patterns in both systems. Data for a large (approximately 10,000), homogenous group of subscribers are presented and discussed. Faced with a dual option, at no cost to the employee, 60% of the subscribers chose the fee-for-service plan, and 40% chose the capitation plan. Observed differences in the utilization and mix of services between the two plans cannot be explained solely in terms of dentists' responses. Employee response to altered economic incentives appears to be strong. PMID:3164017

Beazoglou, T J; Guay, A H; Heffley, D R

1988-04-01

158

11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

Policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. Reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, ...

Davis, Jennifer

159

Economic challenges associated with tuberculosis diagnostic development.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis remains a global health crisis in part due to underdiagnosis. Technological innovations are needed to improve diagnostic test accuracy and reduce the reliance on expensive laboratory infrastructure. However, there are significant economic challenges impeding the development and implementation of new diagnostics. The aim of this piece is to examine the current state of TB diagnostics, outline the unmet needs for new tests, and detail the economic challenges associated with development of new tests from the perspective of developers, policy makers and implementers. PMID:24766367

Hanrahan, Colleen F; Shah, Maunank

2014-08-01

160

Corruption, Institutions and Economic Development  

E-print Network

of this is "speed money" paid by business people to government o˘ cials to speed up bureaucratic procedures. This paper takes a critical look at the link between corruption and eco- nomic development. The analysis centers on whether corruption is sanding or greasing... and ready, but the fact that the data is con- structed using two alternative methods allows for some robustness analysis. The question I am interested in here is whether there exists a link be- tween corruption, both perceived and actual, and growth...

Aidt, Toke S

161

Economics and Human Resource Development: A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the areas agreement between two recent and seemingly disparate Human Resource Development Review articles by Wang and Swanson (2008) and McLean, Lynham, Azevedo, Lawrence, and Nafukho (2008). The foundational roles of economics in human resource development theory and practice are highlighted as well as the need for…

Wang, Greg G.; Swanson, Richard A.

2008-01-01

162

New Potentials for Modern Indian Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently American Indians have experienced an unprecedented renaissance in community spirit. Capitalizing upon this spirit, Indian economic development should be directed toward particular community needs, utilizing Indian leadership to determine needed training and development programs. There is no question but that the majority of Indian…

Heath, Wallace G.

163

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous  

E-print Network

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist Papers Center for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 3 Trade is divided between commercialized sector which trades with foreign country and self-sufficient sector which

164

Social Capital, Creative Destruction and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a conceptual framework for the role of social capital in the political economy of innovation, growth and reform, with illustrations from developing and transition countries. It identifies separate but related roles for the individual and communal interpretations of social capital. It argues that economic growth via innovation requires the creative destruction of individual social capital linkages and

Dirk Bezemer; Uwe Dulleck; Paul Frijters

2005-01-01

165

DWPF Development Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The DWPF Development Plan is based on an evaluation process flowsheet and related waste management systems. The scope is shown in Figure 1 entitled ``DWPF Process Development Systems.`` To identify the critical development efforts, each system has been analyzed to determine: The identification of unresolved technology issues. A technology issue (TI) is one that requires basic development to resolve a previously unknown process or equipment problem and is managed via the Technology Assurance Program co-chaired by DWPF and SRTC. Areas that require further work to sufficiently define the process basis or technical operating envelop for DWPF. This activity involves the application of sound engineering and development principles to define the scope of work required to complete the technical data. The identification of the level of effort and expertise required to provide process technical consultation during the start-up and demonstration of this first of a kind plant.

Holtzscheiter, E.W.

1994-05-09

166

Avionics test bed development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A development plan for a proposed avionics test bed facility for the early investigation and evaluation of new concepts for the control of large space structures, orbiter attached flex body experiments, and orbiter enhancements is presented. A distributed data processing facility that utilizes the current laboratory resources for the test bed development is outlined. Future studies required for implementation, the management system for project control, and the baseline system configuration are defined. A background analysis of the specific hardware system for the preliminary baseline avionics test bed system is included.

Harris, L. H.; Parks, J. M.; Murdock, C. R.

1981-01-01

167

Planning tourism employment: a developing country perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that tourism planning should be about planning for residents as well as for visitors. If tourism is to be a positive force in the lives of local residents, it is contingent upon local response, involvement and support. Many tourism plans for developing area destinations give inadequate attention to human resources development. Furthermore, many tourism plans espouse forms

Abby Liu; Geoffrey Wall

2006-01-01

168

Training of Economic Administrators for Industrial Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most countries, industrialization is increasingly regarded as one of the principle activities needed to achieve and sustain a high level of development. In order to plan, implement, and operate the many complex programs and projects, a number of development training institutes have come into being. A 1962 survey revealed that the focus of the…

United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna (Austria).

169

Economic Development of British Colonial America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

Serena Zabin

170

Engineering Research in Irish Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the main findings and recommendations of a report published in December 2010 by the Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE). The report, representing the views of a committee of distinguished Irish engineers from a wide range of disciplines, addresses the role of engineering research in Ireland's economic development and the…

Kelly, John

2011-01-01

171

Facilitating Economic Development through Strategic Alliances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how colleges and universities are becoming increasingly involved in economic development, with the formation of strategic alliances that have led to programs that benefit business and higher education. Discusses example programs from the Valley of Virginia Partnership for Education, and the outreach program of James Madison University.…

Noftsinger, John B., Jr.

2002-01-01

172

Biogeography and Long-Run Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from a hunter-gather economy to agricultural production, which made possible the endogenous technological progress that ultimately led to the industrial revolution, is one of the most important events in the thousands of years of humankind’s economic development. In this paper we present theory and evidence showing that exogenous geography and initial condition biogeography exerted decisive influence on the

Ola Olsson; Douglas A. Hibbs Jr.

2000-01-01

173

CARISPLAN Abstracts. 07-001--07-377. Caribbean Information System for Economic and Social Planning. No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quarterly abstracting journal disseminates bibliographic information on Caribbean planning and development literature available through the Caribbean Information System for Economic and Social Planning (CARISPLAN), a cooperative effort of the Caribbean countries. It provides annotated listings of serial publications, books, and other…

CARISPLAN Abstracts, 1983

1983-01-01

174

The Relationship Between Economic Freedom and Soci-Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of economic freedom is not a novel one in economic theory. Since the time of Adam Smith, if not before, economists have believed that the freedom to choose and supply resources, compete in business, trade with others, and secure property rights are central ingredients of economic progress (North and Thomas, 1973). Adam Smith (1776-1937) explained how the invisible

AnishaMadan

2002-01-01

175

DEVELOPING STATEWIDE WATER RESOURCE PLANS  

E-print Network

and species loss or degradation, invasive species #12;Approaches to Planning are Dynamic and Shaped be challenging #12;Colorado's Initial Planning · Almost by definition, statewide planning often strains

Soerens, Thomas

176

Developing a hazardous materials evacuation plan  

SciTech Connect

Effective response to hazardous material spills can be aided by development of an evacuation plan, as part of, or as an adjunct to, other emergency response plans. Valuable standards for the development of such plans can be gleaned from corresponding standards published for radiological emergency response plans. Computer aids presently available have some limitations, but can be of significant help in evacuation planning. 5 refs.

Newsom, D.E.

1988-01-01

177

Issues in the Economic Development of Nonmetropolitan United States. Economic Development Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing issues relative to economic development in nonmetropolitan areas, this document presents narrative and tabular data re: (1) the causal forces behind economic decline in rural America (technology, shifting patterns of demand for goods and services, and changes in life styles and residential preferences); (2) the incidence and indicators…

Ledebur, Larry C.

178

Global health funding and economic development.  

PubMed

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

Martin, Greg; Grant, Alexandra; D'Agostino, Mark

2012-01-01

179

Global health funding and economic development  

PubMed Central

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

2012-01-01

180

Development and Change through Scenario Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of scenario planning as a development and change intervention. To do so, this article provides an overview of scenario planning and an overview of development and change in organizations. The article then builds on the philosophical orientations of development and change through scenario planning introducing the…

Chermack, Thomas J.; Walton, John S.

2004-01-01

181

Information Communication Technology Planning in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores major issues related to Information Communication Technology (ICT) in education and technology planning. Using the diffusion of innovation theory, the authors examine technology planning opportunities and challenges in Developing countries (DCs), technology planning trends in schools, and existing technology planning models…

Malapile, Sandy; Keengwe, Jared

2014-01-01

182

Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Waubonsee Community College Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills served 208 students by assessment of basic skills and referral to appropriate programs or help with job skills and referral to employment during the 18-month grant period from December 1988 through June 30, 1990. The target population was minority women or economically

Waubonsee Community Coll., Sugar Grove, IL.

183

Development and implementation of a reservoir management plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proper reservoir management is a key to success when operating mature oil fields in Kansas and the mid-continent region. Many oil fields are at their economic limit and risk being plugged and abandoned if proper reservoir management techniques are not used. This paper describes the development and implementation of a reservoir management plan in the Zenith field. The Zenith field

R. R. Reynolds; L. G. Schoeling; D. W. Green; G. P. Willhite

1991-01-01

184

Conjugate Ecological Planning: a New Urban Planning Approach Linking up Sustainable Development with Creative Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an emerging megacity in developing China, Beijing is suffering from ecological degradations and pressures derived from intensive economic growth, increasing population and rapid urban sprawl. Hence Beijing has begun to re-think its traditional philosophy of urban planning towards a more sustainable one. How to address those acute problems but still keep the pace with our achievements at the same

Dong LI; Juergen PAULUSSEN; Rusong WANG

185

Develop a Professional Learning Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A professional learning plan establishes short-and long-term plans for professional learning and implementation of the learning. Such plans guide individuals, schools, districts, and states in coordinating learning experiences designed to achieve outcomes for educators and students. Professional learning plans focus on the program of educator…

Journal of Staff Development, 2013

2013-01-01

186

Developing Spatial Urban Planning Guidance for Achieving Sustainable Urban Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable urban planning guides are being developed to direct spatial urban planning both at the local and regional levels towards sustainability. However, due to the multifaceted nature of spatial planning, different guides do focus on different aspects of planning and tend to overlook or lay little emphasis on other aspects. The goal of achieving sustainability through spatial urban planning requires

Habib M. Alshuwaikhat

187

Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China  

E-print Network

Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China Sylvie DĂ©murger, Jeffrey D. Sachs Development Working Papers #12;Forthcoming in Asian Economic Papers Vol. 1 No. 1 Geography, Economic Policy;1 October 14, 2001 Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China Sylvie DĂ©murger, Jeffrey D

188

Theory, General Equilibrium, and Political Economy in Development Economics  

E-print Network

I discuss the role of economic theory in empirical work in development economics with special emphasis on general equilibrium and political economy considerations. I argue that economic theory plays (should play) a central ...

Acemoglu, Daron

189

The Diverse Social and Economic Structure of Nonmetropolitan America. Rural Development Research Report No. 49.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective rural development planning depends on facts and analysis based, not on rural averages, but on the diverse social and economic structure of rural America. Programs tailored to particular types of rural economies may be more effective than generalized programs. Because of their unique characteristics, government policies and economic

Bender, Lloyd D.; And Others

190

SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT -- ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FOR SINGAPORE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Singapore has been known worldwide for its proactive aggressive approach in advance-planning and implementation of large-scale land transportation measures. Since the transportation planning has been executed as part of the overall land development master plan, considering economic, social as well as traffic operational impacts, the end results have been desirable with respect to requirements for sustainable development. This paper classifies

T. F. Fwa

191

1994 Site Development Plan: A plan with vision  

SciTech Connect

The 1994 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site Development Plan has been developed during a period of great change and uncertainty. Our goal is to make possible the best use of the Laboratory`s resources to meet shifting national priorities in the post-Cold War world. Site Planning is an important component of the overall Laboratory strategic planning process. This plan focuses on opportunities for the Laboratory as well as on key site development issues including facility construction, redevelopment and reuse, site accessibility, and security. A major challenge is to achieve sufficient stability in the site planning and execution so that the processes of construction can occur efficiently while at the same time providing sufficient flexibility in site facilities so that a range of changing national needs can be accommodated. We are closely coupled to the DOE strategic planning process to meet this challenge.

Not Available

1994-07-01

192

The Ramakrishna Mission economic PV development initiative  

SciTech Connect

India is the world`s second most populous country, quickly approaching one billion persons. Although it has a well-developed electricity grid, many of the people have little or no access to electricity and all of the benefits associated with it. There are areas that are isolated from the grid and will not be connected for many years, if ever. One such area is the Sundarbans located in the delta region of the two great rivers, the Ganges and Brahmaputra, partially in India and partially in Bangladesh. It is estimated that 1.5 million people live in this area, crisscrossed by many islands and rivers, who have only marginal supplies of electricity generated primarily from diesel generators and batteries. Working with the regional non-governmental organization (NGO), the Ramakrishna Mission, and the West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency, the governments of India and the US initiated a rural electrification initiative to demonstrate the economic and technical feasibility of photovoltaics to provide limited supplies of electricity for such applications as solar home lighting systems (SHS), water pumping, vaccine refrigeration, communications, and economic development activities. This paper details initial results from approximately 30 kilowatts of PV systems installed in the area, including socio-economic impacts and technical performance.

Stone, J.L.; Ullal, H.S. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Sherring, C. [Sherring Energy Associates, Princeton, NJ (United States)

1998-09-01

193

Planning Routes Across Economic Terrains: Maximizing Utility, Following Heuristics  

PubMed Central

We designed an economic task to investigate human planning of routes in landscapes where travel in different kinds of terrain incurs different costs. Participants moved their finger across a touch screen from a starting point to a destination. The screen was divided into distinct kinds of terrain and travel within each kind of terrain imposed a cost proportional to distance traveled. We varied costs and spatial configurations of terrains and participants received fixed bonuses minus the total cost of the routes they chose. We first compared performance to a model maximizing gain. All but one of 12 participants failed to adopt least-cost routes and their failure to do so reduced their winnings by about 30% (median value). We tested in detail whether participants’ choices of routes satisfied three necessary conditions (heuristics) for a route to maximize gain. We report failures of one heuristic for 7 out of 12 participants. Last of all, we modeled human performance with the assumption that participants assign subjective utilities to costs and maximize utility. For 7 out 12 participants, the fitted utility function was an accelerating power function of actual cost and for the remaining 5, a decelerating power function. We discuss connections between utility aggregation in route planning and decision under risk. Our task could be adapted to investigate human strategy and optimality of route planning in full-scale landscapes. PMID:21833269

Zhang, Hang; Maddula, Soumya V.; Maloney, Laurence T.

2010-01-01

194

13 CFR 120.862 - Other economic development objectives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Other economic development objectives. 120.862 Section 120...BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Development Company Loan Program (504) Project Economic Development Goals § 120.862 Other...

2010-01-01

195

The Economic Development Opportunity. A Guide for Building VTAE District-Community Partnerships for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to assist local postsecondary community and technical colleges in designing or redesigning an economic development strategy. Section 1 explains the critical need for enhancing the development of human resources to boost the lagging productivity of the state (Wisconsin) and nation. The second part suggests an eight-step…

Huddleston, Kenneth; And Others

196

Problems in Improving The Methods of National Economic Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

USSR Gosplan has adopted a decree on improving the elaboration of guidelines [>u>metodicheskie ukazaniia>\\/u>] for planning the development of the national economy and its individual branches. This decree instructs USSR Gosplan divisions and scientific research institutes attached to USSR Gosplan, together with the gosplans of union republics, ministries, and agencies of the USSR, to rework the Guidelines on the Compilation

P. Krylov; M. Chistiakov

1972-01-01

197

Incorporating an Applied Economic Development Component into a Geography Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how applied economic development has been integrated into the economic geography curriculum at Oregon State University (Corvallis). States that coursework in applied economic development should lead to greater understanding of the causes of economic change, the problems associated with growth or decline, and methods for achieving…

Kale, Steven R.

1989-01-01

198

Development of an Economic Dashboard for the Flint Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project constructed an economic dashboard for Genesee County (Flint, Michigan) that identified, monitored, ranked, and compared key regional factors to other metro areas. The resulting dashboard enables economic development organizations and stakeholders in Genesee County to better focus their efforts by identifying the regional factors most associated with economic growth. Secondly, the dashboard allows economic development stakeholders to compare

Erickcek George A

2007-01-01

199

Geothermal development plan: Graham/Greenlee Counties  

SciTech Connect

The Graham/Greenlee County Area Development Plan evaluated the region-wide market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified five potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 100{sup 0}C (212{sup 0}F). In addition, seven areas are inferred to contain higher temperature resources with the Clifton Hot Springs area having electrical potential. Geothermal resources are found to occur near Safford and Clifton, the two major population centers. Future population growth in the two counties is expected to average less than two percent per year over the next 40 years. Growth in the mining, trade and services economic sectors provide opportunities for the direct utilization of geothermal energy. A regional energy use analysis is included containing energy use and price projections. Water supplies are found to be adequate for urban needs, though agricultural and mineral water use may be limited in the future. The study also contains a preliminary economic analysis for two district heating systems as well as a section matching geothermal resources to potential users.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

200

The plan for the economic evaluation of the public service communication satellite system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A plan for the economic evaluation of the Public Service Communications Satellite (PSCS) within domestic markets is presented. It extends through the planning, performance and evaluation of economic experiments following the launch of the PSCS in 1982, and includes the consideration of how the results of these experiments impact the transfer from demonstration to operations. The implementation of this plan will provide information needed to understand and manage the economic and social impacts of the PSCS program.

1977-01-01

201

The plan for the economic evaluation of the Public Service Communication Satellite system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A total plan for the economic evaluation of the PSCS public service communication satellite program within domestic markets is presented. It extends from the present through the planning, performance and evaluation of economic experiments following the launch of the PSCS, and includes the consideration of how the results of these experiments impact the transfer from demonstration to operations. The implementation of this plan will provide NASA with information needed to understand and manage the economic and social impacts of the PSCS program.

1977-01-01

202

Analysis And Assistant Planning System Ofregional Agricultural Economic Inform  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a For the common problems existed in regional development and planning, we try to design a decision support system for assisting\\u000a regional agricultural development and alignment as a decision-making tool for local government and decision maker. The analysis\\u000a methods of forecast, comparative advantage, liner programming and statistical analysis are adopted. According to comparative\\u000a advantage theory, the regional advantage can be determined

Jie Han; Junfeng Zhang

2009-01-01

203

California Community College Home Economics Program Plan, 1992. Including: Directory of Professional and Trade Organizations and Directory of Home Economics and Related Program Areas and Instructional Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist local colleges/districts in assessing their existing home economics program, and in developing curricula that respond to the changing needs of students, communities, and the workforce, this plan presents the program guidelines of the California Community Colleges (CCCs). Introductory material describes the history of the program…

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

204

Minority Business Development and Economic Development Policy in New York. Implications for Black Entrepreneurs and Communities. Report of the Subcommittee on Economic Development. Volume 5, Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York State should develop a comprehensive justification for its involvement in minority business development and each State program should be closely associated with that rationale. Minority business development programs are often short-sighted, potentially conflicting, and yield unimpressive results. Development of Economic Development Zones…

New York Governor's Advisory Committee for Black Affairs, Albany.

205

SO2 emission cap planning for Chengdu-Chongqing economic zone.  

PubMed

The SO2 emission sources of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic zone were divided into 556 emissions units according to four different categories, which are city, industry, point sources, and area sources. The CALPUFF model was used to calculate the contribution of each unit, and consequently obtain an influence-transferring matrix. To ensure that the SO2 concentrations of 46 cities and counties in the Chengdu-Chongqing economic zone meet air quality standards, an emission optimization model was developed to calculate optimal emissions of each emission unit under different development scenarios. The result showed the optimal emissions of SO2 by different provinces and industries. To achieve the target of restricting and optimizing development, corresponding planning programs were developed for every district. PMID:22783625

Yi, Peng; Duan, Ning; Chai, Fahe; Xu, Yaxuan; He, Youjiang

2012-01-01

206

Understanding Your Local Economy: Economic Base Analysis and Local Development Strategies. Community Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community decision makers selecting an economic development strategy most appropriate for their local community must begin with an understanding of how their local economy functions, what its economic base is, and how changes in that base may affect local economic structure and performance. The economic base approach emphasizes the roles of…

Weber, Bruce A.; And Others

207

Governor's Office of Economic Development I. Internal Scan  

E-print Network

: business and tourism development. There are certain demographic trends in an aging population whichGovernor's Office of Economic Development I. Internal Scan The Governor's Office of Economic Development (GOED) charter is based on Governor Jon Huntsman's commitment to economic development statewide

Tipple, Brett

208

Developing a trial burn plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) was designed to ensure that incineration facilities which treat hazardous wastes operate in an environmentally responsible manner. Under the requirements of RCRA, a trial burn must be conducted in order to obtain a fmalized operating permit. A trial burn is a test which determines whether an incinerator is capable of meeting or exceeding RCRA performance standards. If the standards are met, then the trial burn should identify the operating conditions necessary to ensure the incinerator's ability to meet or exceed the performance standards throughout the life of the permit. Development of the trial burn must incorporate interests of both the permit writer and the applicant. The permit writer wishes to obtain sufficient data necessary to establish the final permit conditions. The applicant wishes to obtain a final permit which allows the greatest flexibility of incinerator operating parameters. The areas of interest to be discussed, which allow the applicant and permit writer to achieve their goals, include understanding the problem, selecting a waste feed, choosing the principal organic hazardous constituents (POHCs), determining operating conditions, choosing appropriate sampling methods, and obtaining representative samples (QAIQC). The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of what is required to develop a trial burn plan.

Smith, Walter S.; Wong, Tony; Williams, Gary L.; Brintle, David G.

1991-04-01

209

Geothermal : Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Skamania County, Washington.  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the local economic impacts that could be anticipated from the development of a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power plant in eastern Skamania County, Washington, near Mt. Adams, as shown in Figure 1. The study was commissioned by the Bonneville Power Administration to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council. Skamania County was chosen due to both identified geothermal resources and developer interest. The analysis will focus on two phases: a plant construction phase, including well field development, generating plant construction, and transmission line construction; and an operations phase. Economic impacts will occur to the extent that construction and operations affect the local economy. These impacts will depend on the existing structure of the Skamania County economy and estimates of revenues that may accrue to the county as a result of plant construction, operation, and maintenance. Specific impacts may include additional direct employment at the plant, secondary impacts from wage payments being used to purchase locally produced goods and services, and impacts due to expenditures of royalty and tax payments received by the county. The basis for the analysis of economic impacts in this study is the US Forest Service IMPLAN input-output modeling system.

Lesser, Jonathan A.

1992-07-01

210

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

211

Economic Development, Education and Transnational Corporations. Routledge Studies in Development Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the questions of: why do some economically disadvantaged nations develop significantly faster than others, and what roles do their educational systems play? As case illustrations, in the early 1960s Mexico and South Korea were both equally underdeveloped agrarian societies. Since that time, the development strategies pursued…

Hanson, Mark

2011-01-01

212

Locate, Plan, Develop, Use An Outdoor Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to aid educational institutions and community organizations in selecting, planning, developing and using outdoor learning areas as outdoor classrooms, this guide includes: (1) Learning by Discovery (scientific, cultural, and recreational goals); (2) The Initial Planning Effort (use of: a planning committee including teachers,…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Upper Darby, PA.

213

Breckinridge Project, initial effort. Report X. Economic analysis and financial plan  

SciTech Connect

The economic evaluation presented in this volume is based upon the cost estimates developed in the Phase Zero effort and an evaluation of product market values developed by the PACE Company Engineers and Consultants, Inc. All costs and revenues have been adjusted to reflect the impact of inflation, consistent with the forecast shown in Table 2.1, Page 2-19. Tax treatment reflects expert interpretation of the tax law in effect January 1981. The Marketing Analysis section is an abstract of a detailed report prepared by the PACE Company for the Breckinridge Project. It provides the reader with an understanding of the methodology used to establish product values, and identifies and interprets the effects of key variables that impact market prices. The base case economic scenario, considered the most likely to occur, anticipates that the world economic growth, as well as that of the United States, will be substantially less than that experienced during the previous twenty years. Under the scenario, major disruptions in crude oil supply will not occur. Therefore, prices in real terms at the end of this century are projected to be slightly higher than the peak price of 1981. Domestic natural gas supplies are expected to expand as a result of deregulation and increased importation of LNG. Two alternate economic scenarios are also considered. Sensitivity analysis of both alternate economic scenarios and key project variables clearly point to the market price of crude oil as the dominant economic factor determining this project's soundness. The base case forecast is considered to be not only the most likely case but one not likely to be proven optimistic. The Financial Plan section outlines provisions and presents a plan for financial management of the project.

none,

1982-01-01

214

Trinidad's mismatched expectations. Planning and development review.  

PubMed

In 1974 petrodollars helped to boost living standards for many of the population of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Yet, a failure to address the consequences of uncontrolled urbanization, especially in and around the capital, Port of Spain, threatens to undermine further improvements in the quality of Trinidadian life. Trinidad's urbanization has been associated with upward social mobility and a burgeoning middle class, such that social aspirations and spatial mobility tend to coincide. Thus, internal migration has involved a heterogeneous mixture of classes with the common denominator being a desire to improve one's standard of living. For most this means residence in or proximity to Port of Spain, the country's commercial, administrative, and cultural hub. Migration into and within Port of Spain and northwest corridors of West and East St. George County has contributed to several tricky problems, overwhelming regional planning efforts, inflating the costs of houses and land, and accelerating social alienation among urban Trinidadians. Problems could have been eased if government planning had given adequate recognition to spatial variations in societal organization, regional economic structures, and resource distribution. Trinidad changed markedly in the years 1974-81. New wealth has brought its own problems and old problems have worsened for lack of attention. The idea of decentralized growth poles at Sangre Grande, Point Fortin, La Brea, and Guayaguayare-Galeota now seems impossible to realize. The Capital region has for 10 years been absorbing a larger share of the population, now roughly half the total. It generates virtually all the island's employment opportunities and attracts the lion's share of private sector investment. Overcrowding in residences, unsanitary drainage, shortages of potable water, traffic congestion, and air pollution all have reduced the quality of life compared to 10 years ago. From 1974 onward the issue of economic development no longer focused on whether or not local or foreign financial resources could be mobilizied, but rather how this huge financial surplus would be deployed to encourage a diversified and interdependent econmy with longterm sustainable capacities to absorb and provide for Trinidadian and Tobagonian workers and their dependents. The Prime Minister's model of state capitalism failed to generate sufficient output and economic vigor to enable Trinidad's economy to withstand the 1981-83 recession. The high level of government involvement in running the economy has not meant centralized regulation or even coordination of state enterprises. Final discussion turns to the internal migration and growth of the capital region, the preeminence of Port of Spain, land and housing problems, and the inflationary spiral in land and housing prices. PMID:12266931

Conway, D

1984-11-01

215

Estimating the economic impacts of geothermal resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of geothermal plants, as all other energy facilities, may have significant economic impacts on local and regional economies. Often the magnitudes of these impacts will be of great interest to both environmental and economic development planners. Because of their availability and relative ease of use, input-output models are often used to estimate selected economic impacts arising from resource development.

J LESSER

1994-01-01

216

[Integration of demographic variables into development plans in the Sahel].  

PubMed

A founding principle of the Program of Action of N'Djamena is the interdependence of population and development and the need for development strategies to take demographic factors into account. The concept of integration of population variables into development has evolved since its introduction in the 1974 World Population Plan of Action from a simple description of population size, growth rates, and distribution to a stress on harmonizing population policies and development policies with macroeconomic variables. The essence of the concept is the consideration given by development policies and programs to the interrelations between population, resources, the environment, and development factors. Population variables and goals should ideally be treated as endogenous variables in development planning, but in practice the extreme complexity of such a systematic approach limits its ability to be made operational. Usually the most crucial problems only are included. Integrated planning is composed of explicit or implicit population policies intended to influence demographic variables and of socioeconomic policies intended to adapt to demographic change. In the Sahel, only Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Mali have formal population policies, but around 1980 several countries of the region began to show interest in influencing demographic variables as they did economic variables. Fundamental principles for developing an integration strategy can be applied regardless or whether the plan is based on projections, analysis of interaction of a demographic variable with factors specific to a sector, or a monosectorial or multisectorial demoeconomic planning model. Demographic data is used more frequently in diagnosing problems than in developing projections or formulating objectives. The level of disaggregation of demographic projections and estimates tends to be low, despite the great potential utility of demographic projections in planning. Demographic projections can be useful in analyses of the extent of changes and the implications of alternative scenarios of development planning. The most frequently used demographic variables in development planning have been spatial distribution of the population and mortality. An examination of past development plans in Mali relating to population and nutrition and population and health reveals several inconsistencies between stated goals and strategies intended to achieve them. The incoherence can be explained in part by the absence of a coherent national population policy, the failure to translate the population policy into programs that take into account reciprocal effects of demographic trends and economic perspectives and their social effects, and the absence of disaggregated population projections. An example from Senegal demonstrates the constraints imposed by structural adjustment programs on the entire planning process. PMID:12344768

Wane, H R

1992-07-01

217

Linking Career Development and Human Resource Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When organizations integrate their career development and human resources planning activities into a comprehensive whole, it is the exception rather than the rule. One reason for the frequent dichotomy between career development and human resource planning is the failure to recognize that they are complements rather than synonyms or substitutes.…

Gutteridge, Thomas G.

218

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Planning/performing development. 1924.105 Section 1924.105...REPAIR Planning and Performing Site Development Work § 1924.105 Planning/performing development. (a) General. Planning is...

2010-01-01

219

10LP models for agricultural policy analysis: with implications for resource conservation and development program planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 38 sector Input-Output (10) model is linked with an agricultural linear Programming (LP) model to illustrate the effectiveness of combining 10-LP techniques in analyzing economic effects of natural resource projects and development alternatives. The model is applied to resource use and economic expansion questions to illustrate its usefulness in regional development planning. Model applications included estimating the impact of

C. D. Jr. Jones; W. Y. Huang

1983-01-01

220

What some African development plans say on population related issues in development.  

PubMed

This discussion reviews what development plans say about population related issues in development in the countries of Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Senegal, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia Democratic Republic, Sudan, The United Republic of Cameroon, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Botswana's 1970-73 development plan recognized the need to have fewer children who would be better fed, well clothed, properly housed, and better educated. The government set a target of population growth not to exceed 2.5% for the 1970-80 period. The government of Kenya has expressed much concern about population growth and is devoted to continuing and strengthening the official family planning program instituted in 1967. Lesotho's 1980-81 to 1984-85 development plan emphasizes the need to enhance the well-being of the rural population. The orientation of the health sector strategy is towards primary health care, health education, family planning, water supply, sanitation, and nutrition. Nigeria's 1975-80 plan indicates that demographic factors do not appear as yet to constitute a significant or serious obstacle to domestic economic progress. The objective of the Ivory Coast's 1976-80 plan for economic, social, and cultural development is to increase population since the Ivory Coast still seems to be an underpopulated country. The 1979-83 National Development Plan of Seychelles includes the following objectives: to remedy the housing problem, to achieve full employment, and to introduce responsible family planning. Sierra Leone's development plan for 1974-75 to 1978-79 did not indicate a need to decrease population growth. Population variables in relation to development are not well articulated in the plan of the Somalia Democratic Republic. Like many other developing countries, Sudan's plan has objectives to improve all aspects of the standard of living. It recognizes the serious problem of absorbing a larger population in urban areas. In Tanzania family planning is increasingly being encouraged through child spacing as a means of improving the health of mother and child. Population variables and their effect on development are not given due importance in Zambia's plan. Although Zimbabwe's plan does not adopt any demographic objective with regard to population growth or fertility, it recognizes the advantages of a slower rate of population growth. The UN Fund for Population Activities has conducted Needs Assessment Missions in many developing countries to identify population and related areas in which individual countries need assistance to achieve self reliance in formulating and implementing population policies and programs. PMID:12265825

1983-01-01

221

Evolutionary Systems Theory, Universities, and Endogenous Regional Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities today are increasingly being viewed in terms of serving the purpose of economic development. This paper postulates that their chief purpose is to advance knowledge and that in doing so they effectuate regional economic growth and development through processes specified in the endogenous economic growth model. To achieve this purpose…

Bowen, William M.

2007-01-01

222

Developing social equality and economic transparency for future cities  

E-print Network

the summer of 2012 or those currently taking place in Brazil and Chile. Unlike the UK social and economicDeveloping social equality and economic transparency for future cities Dr Claudia Murray School of the following institutions: #12;Developing social equality and economic transparency for future cities | Dr

Reading, University of

223

Equity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter?  

E-print Network

show that the primary equity market is not an important determinant of economic growth, despite development and economic growth, the impact of market- based measures on growth has assumed importanceEquity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter? Andriansyaha,b,*and George

224

Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development  

E-print Network

Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development Volume 25, Issue 2, Issue 2 Economic and social significance of forests for Africa's sustainable development Editor: Foday Rosa 3 Announcements 7 News 9 Special Feature 10 Economic and Social Significance of forests for Rwanda

225

Physics And Its Roles In Economic Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics plays a variety of roles in economic development. These are explored and ways of increasing the importance of physics to world economies are discussed. Surveys by the Institute of Physics have shown that over 40% of employment in manufacturing in the UK is based on physics, and that this sector continues to expand. Physics provides techniques and equipment for advances in the life sciences. An education in physics gives an ability to tackle a diverse range of subjects from first principles and to find innovative solutions to problems where conventional approaches fail. Physicists in many countries readily find employment in a wide range of areas. However, because of the range of opportunities available, there is a reluctance of physics graduates to enter teaching and prepare the next generation of physicists. Sharing experience between countries is vital. The World Year of Physics has played an important role in this.

Melville, Peter

2007-04-01

226

Africa Recovery: Tracking the Continent's Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library and Publications Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information has recently begun providing major excerpts of its quarterly periodical Africa Recovery via the web. The publication tracks economic and social development issues in Africa. The latest issue (July 1997) contains articles on Congolese reconstruction, the 33rd Summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the recent G-7 Summit, and the recent Africa Governance Forum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (UN Special Initiative). Articles are mostly concise news summaries. There are also sections on upcoming and recent conferences and pertinent books, as well as the features Africa in Brief and Under the Baobob Tree, which highlights a single African issue.

1997-01-01

227

11.437 Financing Economic Development, Fall 2003  

E-print Network

Focuses on financing tools and program models to support local economic development. Includes an overview of private capital markets and financing sources to understand capital market imperfections that constrain economic ...

Seidman, Karl F.

228

Nascom System Development Plan: System Description, Capabilities and Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Communications (Nascom) System Development Plan (NSDP), reissued annually, describes the organization of Nascom, how it obtains communication services, its current systems, its relationship with other NASA centers and International Partner Agencies, some major spaceflight projects which generate significant operational communication support requirements, and major Nascom projects in various stages of development or implementation.

1995-01-01

229

Economic Planning for Multicounty Rural Areas: Application of a Linear Programming Model in Northwest Arkansas. Technical Bulletin No. 1653.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planners in multicounty rural areas can use the Rural Development, Activity Analysis Planning (RDAAP) model to try to influence the optimal growth of their areas among different general economic goals. The model implies that best industries for rural areas have: high proportion of imported inputs; low transportation costs; high value added/output…

Williams, Daniel G.

230

Geography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in ChinaGeography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in China Geography, Economic Policy, and  

E-print Network

Geography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in ChinaGeography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in China Geography, Economic Policy, and Regional Development in China* Sylvie DĂ©murger Jeffrey D the location dummies in provincial growth regressions to obtain estimates of the effects of geography

231

76 FR 17662 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Brownfields Economic Development...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection to OMB Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Grant...of Proposal: Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Grant...40123--Brownfields Economic Development Application, SF...

2011-03-30

232

78 FR 71635 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative and Semi-Annual...Office of Rural Housing & Economic Development, Department of Housing and...Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative. OMB...

2013-11-29

233

76 FR 2405 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection: Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) AGENCY...of Proposal: Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI). OMB...proposed use: The Brownfield Economic Development Initiative is...

2011-01-13

234

77 FR 19178 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA), Department...

2012-03-30

235

76 FR 64072 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2011-10-17

236

75 FR 63813 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2010-10-18

237

77 FR 64794 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2012-10-23

238

78 FR 68025 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce. ACTION:...

2013-11-13

239

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598.615 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

2010-04-01

240

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598.615 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

2011-04-01

241

Contributions of Cell Phones to Economic Development in  

E-print Network

to impact corn growers cell phone usage · RH 2: Agricultural information carried on cell phone is moreContributions of Cell Phones to Economic Development in Africa: An Information Study of Corn development in developing countries #12;Motivation/Development · According to cell phones enhance economic

Anderson, Richard

242

Economic injury levels and sequential sampling plans for Mexican bean beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on dry beans.  

PubMed

Field studies were conducted during the growing seasons of 1995 and 1996, in Scotts-bluff, Nebraska, to determine yield-loss relationships for Mexican bean beetle (Epilachna varivestis Mulsant) on dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Results of those experiments were combined with data from other studies previously conducted to develop economic injury levels (EILs), economic thresholds (ETs), and a sequential sampling program for Mexican bean beetle. Yield loss was regressed against larvae/row-m, and the slope of the linear regression (113 kg/ha per larvae/row-m) was used as the DI (yield loss/insect density) variable in EIL calculations. The EILs calculated in larvae/row-m were converted to egg masses/row-m and adjusted to reflect average survivorship to the adult stage. An example EIL for esfenvalerate at 0.509 (formulation) liter/ha (0.0453 gal/a) and crop value of 0.44 dollars/kg (20 dollars/100 lbs) was 17.78 larvae/row-m. The corresponding ET is 1.04 egg masses/row-m, which reflects an average of 54.6 eggs/egg mass and 33% survival rate from egg to injurious stages. Sequential sampling plans were calculated based on a negative binomial distribution using parameter k estimated from previous research. Because sampling is based on egg masses, growers can make management decisions and take management actions before significant injury occurs. Also, ETs can be adjusted to include the occurrence of natural mortality in the egg and early instars. Analyses demonstrated that relatively minor variation in ETs has substantial impact on sequential sampling plans, including parameters such as average sample number. An interactive spreadsheet was developed that allows users to input economic and other data specific to their situation to calculate Mexican bean beetle EILs, ETs, and sequential sampling plans. PMID:14503587

Barrigossi, José A F; Hein, Gary L; Higley, Leon G

2003-08-01

243

Pedagogy for Economic Competitiveness and Sustainable Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accelerating threats to a sustainable relationship between economic growth and the capacity of the global social-ecological system to support it require that the implications of competitiveness be reassessed. Today, the capacities that underlie economic competitiveness must also be brought to bear on policy and pedagogy to prepare the coming…

Sahlberg, Pasi; Oldroyd, David

2010-01-01

244

Toward the Development of a Cultural Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree to which various economic specialties have incorporated or avoided cultural analyses is reviewed; problem areas where such studies might be most fruitful are suggested. It is indicated there now exists in embryo form an orientation deserving the name cultural economics''; its furture is speculated. (JB)

Boulding, Kenneth E.

1972-01-01

245

Experimental methods for environment and development economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many poor countries remain trapped in a cycle of poverty and environmental degradation. Understanding how people react to existing and proposed solutions most likely can be improved using the methods of experimental economics. Experiments provide researchers a method to test theory, look for patterns of behavior, testbed economic institutions and incentives, and to educate people. Herein we explore how experimental

MARIAH D. EHMKE; JASON F. SHOGREN

2008-01-01

246

Developing Animated Cartoons for Economic Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A picture is worth a thousand words. Multimedia teaching materials have been widely adopted by teachers in Physics, Biotechnology, Psychology, Religion, Analytical Science, and Economics nowadays. To assist with engaging students in their economic study, increase learning efficiency and understanding, solve misconception problems,…

Zhang, Yu Aimee

2012-01-01

247

Women and Economic Development in Cameroon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a survey of written sources and perspectives of knowledgeable individuals, the report provides information on women's economic roles in Cameroon, and on aspects of social life which effect their economic performance. A description of the importance of traditional social systems and their evolution over the last 30 years follows a brief…

Bryson, Judy C.

248

A regional IT occupational partnership for economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, the economic viability of regions, states and countries is being linked to the viability of technology-enabled, knowledge-intensive economic sectors. Hence, among the factors of interest in regional economic development is the availability of an information technology (IT) talent pool. There is a growing need to understand the regional supply and demand dynamics of appropriately educated IT professionals. Consequently, an

Eileen M. Trauth; Mike Reinert; Michael C. Zigner

2007-01-01

249

Economic Growth and Development in the Undergraduate Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A central theme of this article is that economics instructors should spend more time teaching about economic growth and development at the undergraduate level because the topic is of interest to students, is less abstract than other macroeconomic topics, and is the focus of exciting research in economics. Facts and data can be presented to…

Acemoglu, Daron

2013-01-01

250

7 CFR 1924.5 - Planning development work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Planning development work. 1924.5 Section 1924.5 Agriculture...Planning and Performing Construction and Other Development § 1924.5 Planning development work. (a) Extent of development....

2010-01-01

251

13 CFR 303.9 - Requirements for short-term Planning Investments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.9 ...to: (1) Develop the economic development planning capacity of...

2010-01-01

252

Planned development of the space shuttle vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information pertaining to the planned development of the space shuttle vehicle is presented. The package contains: (1) President's statement; (2) Dr. Fletcher's statement; (3) space shuttle fact sheet; (4) important reasons for the space shuttle.

1972-01-01

253

Individualized Development Plan for Female Electronic Technicians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Los Alamos National Laboratory, 17 female electronic technicians participated in an individual development plan involving mentoring, basic education, and technical training. Four have been promoted, six are pursuing associate or bachelor's degrees, and two are pursuing certification. (SK)

Whyte, Helena; D'Anna, Lee

1991-01-01

254

Highway Investment and Rural Economic Development: An Annotated Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Dennis M. Brown, Food and Rural Economics Division, US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA ERS) (described in the July 2, 1999 Scout Report for Business & Economics), this annotated bibliography summarizes studies on the rural economic development implications of highway investment. The bibliography includes some urban studies in addition to rural and covers the effects of highway investment on different industries, local and regional spatial effects, and highway effects over time, among other issues.

Brown, Dennis M.

1999-01-01

255

Strategic Planning for New Presidents: Developing an Entrance Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges are greatly impacted by turbulent external forces while also experiencing turnover in the topmost leadership positions. New presidents must learn how to lead an institution while also planning for purposeful change that will allow the college to thrive. In this article, the authors propose a method for new presidents to develop

Garza Mitchell, Regina L.; Maldonado, Cesar

2015-01-01

256

Idaho National Engineering Laboratory site development plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan briefly describes the 20-year outlook for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Missions, workloads, worker populations, facilities, land, and other resources necessary to fulfill the 20-year site development vision for the INEL are addressed. In addition, the plan examines factors that could enhance or deter new or expanded missions at the INEL. And finally, the plan discusses specific site development issues facing the INEL, possible solutions, resources required to resolve these issues, and the anticipated impacts if these issues remain unresolved.

Not Available

1994-09-01

257

Rural energy in developing countries: A challenge for economic development  

SciTech Connect

The energy problems of the developing world are both serious and widespread. Lack of access to sufficient and sustainable supplies for energy affects as much as 90% of the population of many developing countries. Some 2 billion people are without electricity; a similar number remain dependent on fuels such as animal dung, crop residues, wood, and charcoal to cook their daily meals. Without efficient, clean energy, people are undermined in their efforts to engage effectively in productive activities or to improve their quality of life. Developing countries are facing two crucial--and related--problems in the energy sector. The first is the widespread inefficient production and use of traditional energy sources, such as fuelwood and agricultural residues, which pose economic, environmental, and health threats. The second is the highly uneven distribution and use of modern energy sources, such as electricity, petroleum products, and liquefied or compressed natural gas, which pose important issues of economics, equity, and quality of life. To address these problems, this paper evaluates some successful programs and recommends that governments support market-oriented approaches that make the energy market equally accessible and attractive to local investors, communities, and consumers. Such approaches ideally improve access to energy for rural and poor people by revising energy pricing and by making the first costs of the transition to modern and more sustainable uses of energy more affordable. 70 refs., 2 figs., 7 tabs.

Barnes, D.F.; Floor, W.M. [World Bank, Washington, DC (United States)] [World Bank, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-12-31

258

Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model  

E-print Network

Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model of Monopolistic Competition Jeffrey D. Sachs for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 14 Pattern of Trade and Economic into the model of monopolistic competition to investigate the interplay between trade policies and development

259

Essays in Development Economics and the Economics of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is a powerful tool to improve lives and enhance the prospect of innovation and development of nations. While primary school enrollment has increased considerably over the past few decades in Sub-Saharan Africa, learning and the retention rate have remained low. The first two chapters of this dissertation analyze two dimensions in a bid…

Blimpo, Moussa Pouguinimpo

2010-01-01

260

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2010-04-01

261

24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003.203 Section 1003.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2010-04-01

262

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2011-04-01

263

24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003.203 Section 1003.203 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN...

2011-04-01

264

Curriculum Planning for the Development of Graphicacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to imagine a better future and work towards materialising this is "key" to economic development and technological change. Recent research has highlighted the importance graphicacy has in these developments as well as in people's everyday lives; professionally, socially and culturally (Considine, 1987; Stokes, 2002). Graphicacy concerns…

Danos, X.; Norman, E.

2012-01-01

265

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility. 304.1 Section 304.1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1 Designation of Economic Development...

2014-01-01

266

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility. 304.1 Section 304.1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1 Designation of Economic Development...

2013-01-01

267

Econometric Analysis Economic Growth and Development  

E-print Network

International Economics Public Policy Finance Entrepreneurship Lending and Credit Monitoring Systems informed, insightful business and policy decisions. Visit www.neepecon.org The Rhode Island Public Expenditure Council (RIPEC) is an independent, nonprofit and nonpartisan public policy research and education

Blais, Brian

268

Cultural diversity, economic development and societal instability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Background. Social scientists have suggested that cultural diversity in a nation leads to societal instability. However, societal instability may be affected not only by within-nation on ?? diversity, but also diversity between a nation and its neighbours or ?? diversity. It is also necessary to distinguish different domains of diversity, namely linguistic, ethnic and religious, and to distinguish between the direct effects of diversity on societal instability, and effects that are mediated by economic conditions. Methodology/Principal Findings. We assembled a large cross-national dataset with information on ?? and ?? cultural diversity, economic conditions, and indices of societal instability. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of cultural diversity on economics and societal stability. Results show that different type and domains of diversity have interacting effects. As previously documented, linguistic ?? diversity has a negative effect on economic performance, and we show that it is largely through this economic mechanism that it affects societal instability. For ?? diversity, the higher the linguistic diversity among nations in a region, the less stable the nation. But, religious ?? diversity has the opposite effect, reducing instability, particularly in the presence of high linguistic diversity. Conclusions. Within-nation linguistic diversity is associated with reduced economic performance, which, in turn, increases societal instability. Nations which differ linguistically from their neighbors are also less stable. However, religious diversity between, neighboring nations has the opposite effect, decreasing societal instability.

Nettle, D.; Grace, J.B.; Choisy, M.; Cornell, H.V.; Guegan, J.-F.; Hochberg, M.E.

2007-01-01

269

The contributions made by multinational enterprises to the economic development and political stabilization of less developed countries seen in its dependence on the world economic order.  

PubMed

For their own advantage, developing countries should attempt to extend and not to limit liberalication directed at improving competition. Particularly, developing countries should argue that the private export of capital, which is combined with the transfer of growth-promoting technology, should be increased rather than restricted and the security of private ownership should also be increased. A scheme insuring property rights should be established, whereby the amounts contributed would be fixed according to the political stability of the country concerned. Some thoughts are presented on the basic principles of the world economy and on the way in which the world economic order should be shaped. On the basis of this plan, the world economy is understood as a system of varying developed regions. Attention is focused on the basic principle of the world economic order, suggestions for a new world economic order, the concept of a functional world economic order, starting points and goals of an economic policy orientated towards development, instruments of a national structural policy orientated by the world economy -- cooperative association and/or multinational firms, and demands made upon single economic orders and upon the system of their cooperation. PMID:12261344

Biermann, H

1977-12-01

270

Volcanic Eruption: Students Develop a Contingency Plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dangerous, loud, sensational, exciting - natural hazards have what it takes to get students attention around the globe. Arising interest is the first step to develop an intrinsic motivation to learn about the matter and endure the hardships that students might discover along the way of the unit. Natural hazards thereby establish a close-knit connection between physical and anthropological geography through analyzing the hazardous event and its consequences for the people living in the affected area. Following a general principle of didactics we start searching right on our doorsteps to offer students the possibility to gain knowledge on the familiar and later transfer it to the unknown example. Even in Southwest Germany - a region that is rather known for its wine than its volcanic activity - we can find a potentially hazardous region. The "Laacher See" volcano (a caldera lake) in northern Rhineland-Palatinate is according to Prof. H.U. Schminke a "potentially active volcano" . Its activity can be proven by seismic activities, or experienced when visiting the lake's southeastern shore, where carbondioxid and sulphur gases from the underlying magma chamber still bubble up. The Laacher See is part of a range of volcanoes (classified from 'potentially active' to 'no longer active') of the East Eifel Volcanic Field. Precariously the Laacher See is located closely to the densely populated agglomerations of Cologne (NE, distance: 45 km) and the former capital Bonn (NE: 35km), as well as Koblenz (E: 24km) and the Rhine river. Apart from that, the towns of Andernach (E: 8km ± 30 000 inhabitants) and Mayen (SW: 11km ±20 000 inhabitants) and many smaller towns and villages are nearby due to economic reasons. The number of people affected by a possible eruption easily exceeds two million people considering the range as prime measurement. The underlying danger, as projected in a simulation presented by Prof. Schminke, is a lava stream running down the Brohltal valley, causing a blockage and afflux of the Rhine, which, due to the given conditions of a very narrow valley, would lead to excessive flooding affecting even the greater Rhine-Main-region. Not to mention the consequences of a pyroclastic flow, dropping volcanic bombs and further hazardous/disastrous consequences. In comparison to other "potentially active" or "active volcanoes", e.g. the Vesuvius, the Laacher See is scarcely monitored and according to recent publications poorly analyzed in terms of contingency and evacuation plans. This offers space for critical analysis and creative solutions to an existing problem. Short: We need geographers and their knowledge to provide help. Given these facts, the Laacher See could be the layout for a very interesting geography project bringing together previously gained knowledge and understanding of volcanic activities, their destructive powers, consequences and risks in case of an eruption in combination with their topographical characteristics. Your students thereby act the role of a geoscientist developing contingency plans and evacuation zones for the greater Laacher See area. This involves a detailed analysis of the topographical characteristics based on (classic) topographic maps or online via the use of a GIS (e.g. Google maps). In a second step students enlist the possible consequences they already know according to their range and copy them onto a transparency layer on the topographic map. Using such a layer technique students add population density, important topographic features and maybe even anticipated wind directions to their map. The information density and the specific layout of this map are thereby only determined by the student's previous knowledge, their personal abilities and skills and the amount of time provided. This offers the opportunities to even differentiate the task within your group and provide support adjusted to the individual students level. On the basis of their own thematic map your students should be able to develop a (basic) plan to evacuate people from th

Meisinger, Philipp; Wittlich, Christian

2013-04-01

271

The Influence of Economic Factors in Urban Sports Facility Planning: A Study on Spanish Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sports infrastructure development signals a major economic development in regional and local areas. It has considered one of the main policies related to promoting public health, by various studies. However, economic factors also come into play in the design and location of sports facilities. Our research aims to examine whether the economic development in the regions in Spain helps promote

Pablo Burillo; Ángel Barajas; Leonor Gallardo; Marta García-Tascón

2011-01-01

272

Energy planning for development - needs and approaches  

SciTech Connect

The capability of developing countries to carry out comprehensive national energy planning is examined. The analytical methods or models constructed for analyzing the energy system have to take into account the specific context in which they are built to address issues of interest to development planners. Issues discussed are resource development and technology research, energy equity considerations to all peoples in a nation, the pricing policy, and the balance of payments considerations. The impartance of the availability of adequate skilled personnel and training programs to impart the requisite skill necessary to carry out the planning is discussed. Various surveys were conducted to determine the training needs for energy planners in developing countries. (MCW)

Mubayi, V

1981-01-01

273

Experiential Learning and Sustainable Economic Development in Appalachian Communities: A Teaching Note  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the results of a participative planning class held in economically dis-advantaged communities in east Tennessee. The class follows a structured method, which includes community workshops and project development, in dealing with the communities. Among many observations gained in eight years of running the class are that…

Tonn, Bruce; Ezzell, Tim; Ogle, Eric

2010-01-01

274

Economic Partnership Agreements Between Sub-Saharan Africa and the EU: A Development Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on Hinkle and Schiff (2003). It analyses the planned Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) between the EU and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from a development perspective. It does not take a position on whether SSA should enter into EPAs with the EU. Rather, it starts from the notion that the process of forming EPAs is unlikely to be reversed

Lawrence E. Hinkle; Maurice Schiff

2004-01-01

275

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...private sector partnerships are critical to the implementation of...plan, the CEDS will serve a critical role in a Region's efforts... (v) Promoting the use of technology in economic development, including...other resources; and (9) A list of performance measures...

2012-01-01

276

Planetizen: The Planning and Development Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few decades, many ideas in the field of planning have become almost buzz-words in the popular press, including Sustainable Developmentâ?ť and New Urbanism. With the increased interest in planning, PLANetizen was created three years ago as "a public-interest information exchange for the urban planning and development community." The site features a host of frequently updated links to recent news stories that address one of the facets of planning (such as gentrification), job opportunities, commentary, and conference announcements. Guests to the site may also elect to sign up for their electronic newsletter, and may even choose to have it delivered to any number of handheld devices, including Windows CE or Palm. The site also includes a list of the 20 "all-time greatest planning titles," which includes such familiar selections as "Good City Form" by Kevin Lynch and "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson.

277

"Developing Nationally Significant Infrastructure: the Future Role of Energy Planning"  

E-print Network

"Developing Nationally Significant Infrastructure: the Future Role of Energy Planning" An Overview July 2007 #12;"Developing Nationally Significant Infrastructure: The Future Role of Energy Planning;"Developing Nationally Significant Infrastructure: The Future Role of Energy Planning" Overview of Energy

Martin, Ralph R.

278

Research and development quality assurance planning  

SciTech Connect

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of supporting repeatable experiments with accurate data without unduly stifling their creative abilities. Careful advance planning ensures that the intensity of control provided by quality-related systems is commensurate with the importance and scope of the activities being performed. Good scientific practices applied to small bench-scale projects may require minimal additional controls. As projects increase in size and complexity the controls imposed through planning must, by necessity, be increased. Research and development QA planning, just like any other planning, involves all affected individuals. The application of control systems is determined by factors such as customer or sponsor requirements, the importance of an item or activity to the experiment's success, and the organizational complexity of the project. Many larger experiments are highly dependent on quality-related support activities such as calibration, engineering design, and inspection provided by organizations outside the R D group. Since, in most cases, the expense of support activities is taken directly from funds available for research, it is important for the researchers to be involved in the planning efforts to help determine and agree with the level of QA effort required. A single plan will often suffice for organizations engaged in large numbers of similar experiments. Complex experiments may require unique QA plans or additions to existing plans. Once implemented, the R D QA plans, like any others, require audits or surveillances and may require revisions if the scope of the experiment changes. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Hoke, P.B.

1990-05-14

279

Behavioral economics perspectives on public sector pension plans  

PubMed Central

We describe the pension plan features of the states and the largest cities and counties in the U.S. Unlike in the private sector, defined benefit (DB) pensions are still the norm in the public sector. However, a few jurisdictions have shifted toward defined contribution (DC) plans as their primary savings plan, and fiscal pressures are likely to generate more movement in this direction. Holding fixed a public employee’s work and salary history, we show that DB retirement income replacement ratios vary greatly across jurisdictions. This creates large variation in workers’ need to save for retirement in other accounts. There is also substantial heterogeneity across jurisdictions in the savings generated in primary DC plans because of differences in the level of mandatory employer and employee contributions. One notable difference between public and private sector DC plans is that public sector primary DC plans are characterized by required employee or employer contributions (or both), whereas private sector plans largely feature voluntary employee contributions that are supplemented by an employer match. We conclude by applying lessons from savings behavior in private sector savings plans to the design of public sector plans. PMID:21789032

BESHEARS, JOHN; CHOI, JAMES J.; LAIBSON, DAVID; MADRIAN, BRIGITTE C.

2011-01-01

280

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires  

E-print Network

, the extinction of the fire at the lowest and economical costs, minimizing all kind of direct and collateralProceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate extinction. Key words: virtual training, SEILAF, fire and smoke simulation. Introduction Response

Standiford, Richard B.

281

Scientific Conference on the Application of Mathematical Methods in Economic Studies and Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

>p>A scientific conference on the application of mathematical methods in economic studies and planning was held in Moscow in April 1960 under the auspices of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Departments of Economics, Philosophy, and Law, and the Siberian Branch of the Academy), Fifty-six reports were read at the plenary meetings of the conference's six panels, More than ninety people

P. Zhelezniak

1960-01-01

282

Tourism as a driver of economic development: The Colombian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current paper analyzes the importance and potentials of the tourism sector for economic development. It is divided into four major parts. After a short introduction, section two presents some theoretical insights into the topic of economic development. Commenting on the most relevant components of the catching-up theory by Abramovitz (1986) and the structural change theory by Baumol (1967) and

Andreja Benkovi?; Juan Felipe Mejía

2008-01-01

283

Rural Community Colleges and Economic Development: Leaders' Perspectives on Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural communities often lag behind urban and suburban areas in economic development. Community colleges often contribute to economic development projects in rural areas, but they often seek collaboration with other community partners. This research study was conducted to better understand rural community college presidents' perceptions of the…

Pennington, Kevin; Williams, Mitchell R.

2004-01-01

284

Federal Public Investment Spending and Economic Development in Appalachia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis examines the relationship between federal public investment spending and economic development in the special case of Appalachia. We propose that the effects of federal public investment spending on economic development operate indirectly through private capital accumulation. We use a spatial lag regression model to test our ideas for…

Mencken, F. Carson; Tolbert, Charles M., II

2005-01-01

285

Outward-Oriented Economic Development and the Irish Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most studies of the relationship between education and economic development focus on the line of causation running from the former to the latter. The present paper studies how the pattern of Irish development has influenced the structure of the Irish education system. The first section sets out the economic context of late industrialisation within…

Barry, Frank

2014-01-01

286

Targeting Occupations in Regional and Community Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper analyzes why and how economic and community,development planners might target occupations as well as industries in shaping an economic development strategy. Key occupations can be identified on the basis of capturability, high relative employment growth rates, connectivity across industries, fit with underemployed workforce groups and potential for self-employment and entrepreneurship. I demonstrate the potential for an occupational

Ann Markusen; J. W. Harrington; Jim Heilbrun; Brian Holly; Matt Kane; Michael Lahr; Leslie Mccall; Eric Parker; Bruce Seaman; Michael Teitz; Heike Meyer; Maria Hanratty; Norma Rantisi; Ragui Assaad; Ned Hill

2004-01-01

287

Global production networks and the analysis of economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines a framework for the analysis of economic integration and its relation to the asymmetries of economic and social development. Consciously breaking with state-centric forms of social science, it argues for a research agenda that is more adequate to the exigencies and consequences of globalization than has traditionally been the case in 'development studies'. Drawing on earlier attempts

Jeffrey Henderson; Peter Dicken; Martin Hess; Neil Coe; Henry Wai-Chung Yeung

2002-01-01

288

Recouple: Natural Resource Strategies for Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This source book provides guidance and technical assistance material on utilizing forest, agricultural, and scenic and wildlife resources for rural economic development. The document focuses on the uniqueness of existing rural resources for new enterprise opportunities. Natural resource-based economic development strategies are a means to…

Thomas, Margaret G.

289

Corruption and Economic Development of Russia: A Regional Aspect  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the influence of corruption on economic development on the regional level. The indices of INDEM Foundation for the year 2002 were used as indicators of corruption. The estimation of the model has shown that the corruption is a significant negative determinant of a regional economic development.

Oleg Pushkarev

2007-01-01

290

Development Education in Secondary Home Economics Programs: An Interdisciplinary Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines delivery approaches to integrating development education into secondary home economics curriculum and how an interdisciplinary approach can be used to teach development education in secondary home economics programs. Discusses cultural diversity and similarities, food security and insecurity, production and consumption, nutrition and…

Miller, Julia R.

1987-01-01

291

THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Douglass C. North,  

E-print Network

1 THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT by Douglass C. North, Washington Univesity, St (as I see it) to problems of development. I The new institutional economics is an attempt processes information, but cognitive science has made impressive strides in recent years. Individuals

Tesfatsion, Leigh

292

Open For Business? Institutions, Business Environment and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen a significant focus in the literature on growth and development on the idea that legal and political institutions are the key determinant of economic development. The main finding of this paper is that the focus on the primacy of legal and political institutions may be misplaced and that business-friendly economic policies (proxied for here by the

Robert Gillanders; Karl Whelan

2010-01-01

293

Small Business and Economic Development in Macomb County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the economic development role of small businesses in Macomb County, Michigan, in order to identify those businesses which are most significant in terms of their contribution to economic development and, which therefore, would warrant public support for their retention and growth. Using these criteria, the study isolated the…

Jacobs, James

294

Development of a transportation planning tool  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the application of simulation modeling and logistics techniques to the development of a planning tool for the Department of Energy (DOE). The focus of the Transportation Planning Model (TPM) tool is to aid DOE and Sandia analysts in the planning of future fleet sizes, driver and support personnel sizes, base site locations, and resource balancing among the base sites. The design approach is to develop a rapid modeling environment which will allow analysts to easily set up a shipment scenario and perform multiple ``what if`` evaluations. The TPM is being developed on personal computers using commercial off-the shelf (COTS) software tools under the WINDOWS{reg_sign} operating environment. Prototype development of the TPM has been completed.

Funkhouser, B.R.; Moyer, J.W.; Ballweg, E.L.

1994-07-01

295

The Northern Cheyenne Tribe and Energy Development in Southeastern Montana. Volume I: Social, Cultural, and Economic Investigations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there are no easy answers to the economic problems faced by the Northern Cheyenne in Southeast Montana, any economic development plans should stress long-term tribal self-sufficiency, serve community needs, and consider the Cheyenne culture. Differentiation theory is appropriate for understanding the local rural area and the special place…

Nordstrom, Jean; And Others

296

Environmental Development Plan for space applications  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Development Plan (EDP) identifies the planning and management requirements and schedules needed to evaluate and assess the environmental, health and safety aspects of the Space Applications Program. Environment is defined in its broadest sense to include environmental, health (occupational and public, safety, socioeconomic, legal, and institutional apsects. EDP has been limited to consideration of: (1) space nuclear power system nuclear fuel fabrication; (2) space nuclear power system heat source fabrication; (3) testing of subsystems and assembled systems; (4)research and development (R and D) in support of space nuclear system development; (5) nuclear system responses to launch and reentry accidents: and (6) nuclear system environmental behavior and recovery. (TFD)

Not Available

1979-09-01

297

Economic Development Impact of 1,000 MW of Wind Energy in Texas  

SciTech Connect

Texas has approximately 9,727 MW of wind energy capacity installed, making it a global leader in installed wind energy. As a result of the significant investment the wind industry has brought to Texas, it is important to better understand the economic development impacts of wind energy in Texas. This report analyzes the jobs and economic impacts of 1,000 MW of wind power generation in the state. The impacts highlighted in this report can be used in policy and planning decisions and can be scaled to get a sense of the economic development opportunities associated with other wind scenarios. This report can also inform stakeholders in other states about the potential economic impacts associated with the development of 1,000 MW of new wind power generation and the relationships of different elements in the state economy.

Reategui, S.; Hendrickson, S.

2011-08-01

298

The economics of family planning and underage conceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines whether improved access to family planning services for under 16 is likely to help in achieving the aim of reducing underage conceptions. A simple model of rational choice is introduced which suggests that family planning increases rates of underage sexual activity and has an ambiguous impact on underage conception and abortion rates. The model is tested on

David Paton

2002-01-01

299

HIV, AIDS and Integrated Development Planning  

E-print Network

HIV, AIDS and Integrated Development Planning: A Reality Check December 2004 CĂ©cile Ambert HIV the scene: HIV and AIDS impacts on local development 12 2.4. HIV and AIDS impact on the municipality .....................................................................................................................34 3.1. Nature and extent of coverage of HIV and AIDS impacts in situation analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

300

Planning practice in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains: the case of the Mekong delta floodplains.  

PubMed

Road development in relatively undisturbed floodplain systems, such as the floodplains of the Mekong River, will impact hydraulics and interrupt the natural flow of water. This affects the ecology and environment, and the livelihoods of people who depend on fishing and agriculture. On the other hand, floods can severely damage road infrastructure in years with large floods and can cause high annual maintenance costs. Improving road development practices in floodplains is a complex, multidimensional task involving hydraulic and geotechnical analysis, ecosystem analysis, socio-economic analysis, policy analysis, etc. This paper analyses the planning practice of road development and rehabilitation and how this practice can be improved in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains. It is concluded that although ample technical, planning and environmental assessment guidelines exist, guidelines need updating to address cumulative impacts at floodplain level and factors hampering the implementation in guidelines should be addressed in the guideline design (process). PMID:23735460

Douven, Wim; Buurman, Joost

2013-10-15

301

ECONOMICS AND DECISION SCIENCES MULTI-YEAR PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

As long as environmental policy is designed to change behaviors that cause environmental problems, economics and decision sciences research will be essential to understanding these behaviors. In addition, this research informs state and federal environmental agencies on how best ...

302

A non-linear goal programming approach to modeling intraregional economic development.  

PubMed

"This paper provides a one-period normative model that may be used as a guide or benchmark by which the economic planner may develop policies and plans for regional economic development. The model can accomodate a region that could be as large as a small country or as small as a city, provided sufficient relevant data are available." The authors outline "a procedure for modeling and solving economic planning and analysis problems with 'intergoal trade-offs' while retaining the deviational variable as a measure of satisfaction....[They present] a generalized regional polynomial goal programming model with some suggested objectives and constraints [and illustrate] the approach with a hypothetical example." PMID:12315386

Spahr, R W; Deckro, R F

1988-01-01

303

Polders, Deltas and Basins: Their Significance as Economic Areas for Regional Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article explains the possibilities for incorporating hydrological areas in regional planning. The explanation is based on theory and history. Purpose of the study is to explain that hydrological regions have potential to integrate different aspects of human activity while used in the planning process. Therefore, the paper gives a description of the theory of an economic region as a

Wojciech Szymalski

304

Welfare Reform and Black Women's Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, the United States Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, placing emphasis on individuals to take responsibility for separating themselves from governmental dependence by becoming economically self-sufficient through employment. Using a qualitative approach, this study explored the experiences…

Alfred, Mary V.

2007-01-01

305

Special Section: Approaches to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes four articles: "Estimating Economic Impacts of Programming: A Case Study of Forestry" (Marcouiller et al.); "Aquaculture Opportunities" (Snyder); "Starting a County Agricultural Marketing Program" (Vossen); and "A Multidisciplinary Model for Industry Support: Program Redirection Creates Missouri Textile Center" (Dillard et al.). (SK)

Marcouiller, David W.; And Others

1992-01-01

306

Natural Disasters, Economic Development, and Humanitarian Aid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural disasters are one of the major problems facing humankind. Between 1980 and 2004, two million people were reported killed and five billion people cumulatively affected by around 7,000 natural disasters, according to the dataset maintained by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) at University of Louvain (Belgium). The economic costs are considerable and rising. The

David Stromberg

2007-01-01

307

The economic context for the development of "blind flight".  

PubMed

On 24 September 1929, at Mitchel Field, Long Island, NY, Jimmy Doolittle performed the first so-called "blind flight." He executed a flight plan and landed using only cockpit instruments, a feat that culminated a research program supported by the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics. Contemporary aviation medicine, with its understanding of the challenges of spatial (dis)orientation, has a special understanding and appreciation of the complex human performance, medical and technical problems that had to be overcome to make instrument flight possible. It is likely that the problems would not have been solved unless a socioeconomic context provoked a sufficient motivation to address them. This paper outlines some of the economic factors that motivated the research and development necessary for instrument flight. These factors were the direct consequence of the sudden, huge explosion of the aviation industry caused by World War I, and with the Armistice, the equally sudden loss of the industry's primary customer, the military. Finding a civilian role for aviation awaited the development of air mail, which, in turn, depended on the ability to fly according to a reliable schedule. The need to reliably adhere to a schedule forced the scientific and technological research needed to develop all-weather, blind flight. PMID:12862335

Temme, Leonard A; Rupert, Angus

2003-07-01

308

Developmental State Policy, Educational Development, and Economic Development: Policy Processes in South Korea (1961-1979)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores two inter-connected issues--the state's role in educational development and educational contribution to economic development--in the policy processes entailed by the South Korean state's pursuit of economic development during the Park Chung Hi era, 1961-1979. It disputes the statist view that South Korea's economic development

Kim, Ki Su

2012-01-01

309

The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thriving markets require not only an appropriately designed economic system, but a secure political foundation that limits the ability of the state to confiscate wealth. This requires a form of limited government, that is, political institutions that credibly commit the state to honor economic and political rights. This article studies how limited government arose in the developed West, focusing on

Barry R. Weingast

1995-01-01

310

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

of prescribed fire for wildfire risk mitigation. From an economic perspective, the characteristics of liabilityProceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 639 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy

Standiford, Richard B.

311

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Fire and Economics: Understanding the Amazonia's Fire Arch1 Tatiana Schor,2 Arnaldo Carneiro

Standiford, Richard B.

312

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the GNEP Technology Demonstration Program (GNEP-TDP). It has been prepared to guide the development of integrated plans and budgets for realizing the domestic portion of the GNEP vision as well as providing the basis for developing international cooperation. Beginning with the GNEP overall goals, it describes the basic technical objectives for each element of the program, summarizes the technology status and identifies the areas of greatest technical risk. On this basis a proposed technology demonstration program is described that can deliver the required information for a Secretarial decision in the summer of 2008 and support construction of facilities.

David J. Hill

2007-07-01

313

National energy planning for developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a summary of what has been learned from the experience with national energy planning in developing countries. It considers lessons learned about the roles of data, analysis, and modeling in this enterprise, because of the connections between these components and our common interest in research to advance the state of the art; but it concludes that the most important needs at this time are institutional rather than analytical, which suggests a somewhat different set of priorities for scholarship related to national energy planning in the developing world.

Wilbanks, T.J.

1986-01-01

314

11.202 Gateway: Planning Economics, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

Introduces applications of microeconomic theory to planning problems including urban form and structure, environmental controls, zoning and property rights, and income inequality and poverty. From the course home page: ...

Levy, Frank, 1941-

315

Local Innovation Systems and Regional Economic Development  

E-print Network

and different regions in the US should provide some useful ideas for further consideration in policy planning by Professor Richard K. Lester at MIT. The intended audience for this symposium will be both policy planners Center and Professor of Nuclear Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, "Local Innovation

316

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 63 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Integral Plan for the Prevention of Forest Fires in Spain in the Case of the Community

Standiford, Richard B.

317

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...required to finance rural development planning through their own resources, revenue-sharing...Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and management assistance program or other available Federal planning...

2010-01-01

318

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...development. (a) General. Planning is an evaluation of specific...development for a specific site. Planning must take into consideration...environmental impacts, energy efficiency, local economy, aesthetic...accommodate changing demands. All planning and performing...

2012-01-01

319

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...development. (a) General. Planning is an evaluation of specific...development for a specific site. Planning must take into consideration...environmental impacts, energy efficiency, local economy, aesthetic...accommodate changing demands. All planning and performing...

2013-01-01

320

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...development. (a) General. Planning is an evaluation of specific...development for a specific site. Planning must take into consideration...environmental impacts, energy efficiency, local economy, aesthetic...accommodate changing demands. All planning and performing...

2011-01-01

321

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...development. (a) General. Planning is an evaluation of specific...development for a specific site. Planning must take into consideration...environmental impacts, energy efficiency, local economy, aesthetic...accommodate changing demands. All planning and performing...

2014-01-01

322

Economic processes in management of business informatics economic - ICT invesment plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is devoted to issues connected with processes that can be used for management of economic efficiency of business informatics with the support of Business Intelligence (BI). The significance of these processes increases especially at the time of financial crisis. The aim of the paper is analyze processes for management of business informatics economics in the context of the

Milos Maryska

2011-01-01

323

Planned Industrial and Commercial Developments in the United States: A Review of the History, Literature, and Empirical Evidence Regarding Industrial Parks and Research Parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planned industrial and commercial developments in the United States can be dated from the industrial districts developed in Chicago at the beginning of this century. This article traces the evolution of planned developments in the United States and examines some of the literature relating to planned developments and their role in local and regional economic development, including a look at

Michael T. Peddle

1993-01-01

324

Community Economic Development Law: a Text for Engaged Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community development law has assumed pre-eminence among strategies to alleviate entrenched poverty and create sustainable economic and social change within low income communities. Despite the growing prominence of community development within graduate schools and the helping professions, there is no comprehensive textbook to date. This text provides that resource.\\u000aCommunity Economic Development Law: A Text for Engaged Learning provides a

Susan D. Bennett; Brenda Bratton Blom; Louise A. Howells; Deborah Kenn

2012-01-01

325

Economic risk management for chemical manufacturing supply chain planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In managing economic risks, it is necessary for a company in the process industries to allow for uncertainties in the amount of each product that can be sold, how much material is available for production, as well as prices and costs. The goal is to optimize a company's profit criterion without undue risk, and determine resource requirements such as materials

George Einar Applequist

2002-01-01

326

Campus Heritage Planning: Understanding the Economics "and" Managing the Financing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many it's a dollars and cents issue; for others, it's a heritage or spiritual issue. In reality campus heritage is both a spiritual and a monetary/economic issue. Some say that heritage should reflect institutional values, tradition, academic stature, and the role graduates have played in society, and others cast aside tradition and pay…

McGirr, Dale; Kull, Ronald

2011-01-01

327

Profitable Partnerships: Public-Private Partners in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four case studies are presented to demonstrate the economic development potential of partnerships between community colleges and public and private sectors, focusing on programs that targeted a specific area of need in Oregon's economic base and raised significant funds for program implementation. Introductory comments provide background…

Edge, Barbara; MacDonald, William J.

328

Universities and Economic Development Activities: A UK Regional Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of UK universities prioritize economic development or regeneration activities and for some of these universities such activities are the main focus of their knowledge transfer work. This study compares two regions of the UK--the North West and the South East of England--which have very different levels of economic performance.…

Decter, Moira; Cave, Frank; Rose, Mary; Peers, Gill; Fogg, Helen; Smith, Susan M.

2011-01-01

329

Education, Gender, and Economic Development: A Cross-National Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of gender differences in educational expansion on national economic growth. Using cross-national data from 96 countries, the authors found that in less-developed countries, educational expansion among primary school-age girls had a stronger impact on long-term economic prosperity than did educational expansion among primary…

Benavot, Aaron

1989-01-01

330

The Role of Natural Resources in Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economists now recognize that, along with physical and human capital, environmental resources should be viewed as important economic assets, which can be called natural capital. Three recent debates have emerged over the role of natural capital in economic development. First, as many ecological services are unique, does the environment have an “essential” role in sustaining human welfare, and if so,

Edward B. Barbier

2003-01-01

331

Influence of Transformation Demographic Model on Economic Development of Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The page represents model of influence of the occurred demographic changes on economic development of Russia. Transformation of model birth rate in modern Russia and its rapprochement to type of the western countries (Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain). Reflection of a social and economic conjuncture in a channel of \\

Maria Kopeykina

2005-01-01

332

The Role of School Improvement in Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. This paper reviews the role of education in promoting economic wellbeing, with a particular focus on the role of educational quality. It concludes that there…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Woessmann, Ludger

2007-01-01

333

A Process-Discursive Approach to Community Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When market-based growth fails to improve community economic development, an alternative approach to economic analysis is a process-discursive method, which considers the roles of human agents and importance of information about reality as experienced by individuals. The process model of community-sensitive transformation is participatory and can…

Walter, G. R.

2003-01-01

334

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization with 29 Member countries from North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific area. The OECD serves as a "forum for governments of the industrialized democracies to study and formulate the best policies possible in all economic and social spheres." Content is organized into activity sections such as development and co-operation, economics, environmental issues, transition economies, trade and transport. Within each activity, visitors can usually find related publications. The OECD site features a news and events page highlighting the latest OECD developments, and a guide to free on-line documents sorted by activity.

1999-01-01

335

Employee Motivation for Personal Development Plan Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to understand conditions under which personal development plans (PDPs) can effectively be implemented for professional learning. Both the organization's manner of supporting the PDP practice as well as the individual employee's motivation is taken into account. Design/ methodology/approach: A questionnaire was…

Eisele, Lisa; Grohnert, Therese; Beausaert, Simon; Segers, Mien

2013-01-01

336

Developing a Playground Injury Prevention Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playgrounds are a major source of unintentional injuries in the school environment. In fact, 80% of all injuries on public playground equipment happen at school. Thus, the need for developing a playground injury prevention plan is critical to provide safe educational outdoor environments for children. The S.A.F.E.[TM] framework for injury…

Olsen, Heather M.; Hudson, Susan D.; Thompson, Donna

2008-01-01

337

Developing an Institutional Plan for Computing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College of DuPage (CD), a community college enrolling 28,890 students and employing 2,400 faculty, staff, and part-time student employees, decided to develop a plan for computing in order to inventory computing resources on campus; justify resources based on current capacities and limitations; identify opportunities for effective resource…

Wenger, Gary E.; Lemme, Ronald

338

ISV technology development plan for buried waste  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the main technical issues facing the in situ vitrification (ISV) application to buried waste, and presents a plan showing the top-level schedule and projected resources needed to develop and demonstrate the technology for meeting Environmental Restoration Department (ERD) needs. The plan also proposes a model strategy for the technology transfer from the Department of Energy's Office of Technology Development (DOE-OTD) to the Office of Environmental Restoration (DOE-ER) as the technology proceeds from issues resolution (development) to demonstration and remedial readiness. Implementation of the plan would require $34,91 1K in total funding to be spread in the years FY-93 through FY-98. Of this amount, $10,183K is planned to be funded by DOE-OTD through the ISV Integrated Program. The remaining amount, $24,728K, is recommended to be split between the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development ($6,670K) and DOE Office of Environmental Restoration ($18,058K).

Nickelson, D.F.; Callow, R.A. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Luey, J.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1992-07-01

339

ISV technology development plan for buried waste  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the main technical issues facing the in situ vitrification (ISV) application to buried waste, and presents a plan showing the top-level schedule and projected resources needed to develop and demonstrate the technology for meeting Environmental Restoration Department (ERD) needs. The plan also proposes a model strategy for the technology transfer from the Department of Energy`s Office of Technology Development (DOE-OTD) to the Office of Environmental Restoration (DOE-ER) as the technology proceeds from issues resolution (development) to demonstration and remedial readiness. Implementation of the plan would require $34,91 1K in total funding to be spread in the years FY-93 through FY-98. Of this amount, $10,183K is planned to be funded by DOE-OTD through the ISV Integrated Program. The remaining amount, $24,728K, is recommended to be split between the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development ($6,670K) and DOE Office of Environmental Restoration ($18,058K).

Nickelson, D.F.; Callow, R.A. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Luey, J.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-07-01

340

Beekeeping Economics Uniting Beekeeping, Economics, Business, and  

E-print Network

NAME: Beekeeping Economics Uniting Beekeeping, Economics, Business, and Mathematics Part 1: You Don to Beekeeping Economics The goal of Beekeeping Economics is to have you develop a 3-year business plan for a beekeeping business. To start the business, you need money in the form of a business loan. To get

Watkins, Joseph C.

341

Development Plan for the Fuel Cycle Simulator  

SciTech Connect

The Fuel Cycle Simulator (FCS) project was initiated late in FY-10 as the activity to develop a next generation fuel cycle dynamic analysis tool for achieving the Systems Analysis Campaign 'Grand Challenge.' This challenge, as documented in the Campaign Implementation Plan, is to: 'Develop a fuel cycle simulator as part of a suite of tools to support decision-making, communication, and education, that synthesizes and visually explains the multiple attributes of potential fuel cycles.'

Brent Dixon

2011-09-01

342

Land economic rent computation for urban planning and fiscal purposes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes an innovative methodology to compute economic rents of land designed to current or potential offices uses. It consists in the establishment of a cause-and-effect relation between offices’ price levels and correspondent levels of land rent, considering the main factors that influence property prices, the ones that guide public and private activities’ location decisions and the inter-dependencies between

Emília Malcata Rebelo

2009-01-01

343

13 CFR 307.9 - Revolving Loan Fund Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...Region's CEDS or EDA-approved economic development plan, if applicable, and...the CEDS or EDA-approved economic development plan, if applicable,...

2010-01-01

344

Partnering for Economic Development: How Town-Gown Relations Impact Local Economic Development in Small and Medium Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities play an increasingly prominent role in shaping regional, social, and economic development. In Canada, however, spatial, economic, and social differences between universities and their host communities continue to challenge positive town--gown relationships and undermine the benefits associated with high concentrations of prospective…

Massey, Jennifer; Field, Sean; Chan, Yolande

2014-01-01

345

The Economics of Slums in the Developing World  

E-print Network

The global expansion of urban slums poses questions for economic research as well as problems for policymakers. We provide evidence that the type of poverty observed in contemporary slums of the developing world is ...

Marx, Benjamin

346

Development of Technology Transfer Economic Growth Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary objective of this project is to determine the feasibility of producing technology transfer metrics that answer the question: Do NASA/MSFC technical assistance activities impact economic growth? The data for this project resides in a 7800-record database maintained by Tec-Masters, Incorporated. The technology assistance data results from survey responses from companies and individuals who have interacted with NASA via a Technology Transfer Agreement, or TTA. The goal of this project was to determine if the existing data could provide indications of increased wealth. This work demonstrates that there is evidence that companies that used NASA technology transfer have a higher job growth rate than the rest of the economy. It also shows that the jobs being supported are jobs in higher wage SIC codes, and this indicates improvements in personal wealth. Finally, this work suggests that with correct data, the wealth issue may be addressed.

Mastrangelo, Christina M.

1998-01-01

347

Roles of airships in economic development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is proposed that airships of known and tested technology could, in some cases, perform routine transport missions more economically than conventional transport modes. If infrastructure for direct surface transport is already in place or if such infrastructure can be justified by the size of the market and there are no unusual impediments to constructing it, then the airships of tested technology cannot normally compete. If, however, the surface routes would be unusually expensive or circuitous, or if they involve several transhipments, or if the market size is too small to spread infrastructure costs of conventional transport, the airships of tested technology present a workable alternative. A series of special cases are considered. The cases, though unusual, are not unique; there are several similar possible applications which, in total, would provide a reasonably large market for airships.

Beier, G. J.; Hidalgo, G. C.

1975-01-01

348

After the exit: Acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

MASON C. M. and HARRISON R. T. (2006) After the exit: acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development, Regional Studies40, 55–73. Most studies of the impact of mergers and acquisitions suggest they have a detrimental impact on economic development in peripheral regions over the longer-term. However, such assessments fail to consider the post-acquisition behaviour of the cashed-out entrepreneurs. It is

Colin M. Mason; Richard T. Harrison

2006-01-01

349

World Development Report 1985. International Capital and Economic Development. World Development Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the contribution that international capital makes to economic development, this report shows how countries at different stages of development have used external finance productively; how the institutional and policy environment affects the volume and composition of financial flows to developing countries; and how the international…

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC.

350

An urban-rural spatial development planning platform using GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past ten years, the development of urban planning support systems has made remarkable progress, yet most of urban planning support systems based on GIS do not readily fit the changing professional requirements of the urban-rural spatial development planning because they are far too generic, complex, inflexible and incompatible with most spatial development planning tasks. Accordingly, how to effectively

Feng Mao; Wencheng Yu; Wensheng Zhou; Gaohua He

2008-01-01

351

[Immigration and economic development in Eastern Asia].  

PubMed

This work describes recent trends in East Asian migration and their economic effects. The great waves of emigration of the past have largely ceased from Japan and the "dragons" of East Asia, and all have become countries of illegal immigration, return of emigrants, and legal entry of professionals. All the countries except Hong Kong have maintained strict immigration policies in order to protect their traditional and homogeneous societies and the employment and income of their own citizens. But despite active encouragement of industrial displacement to countries with cheap and abundant manpower, the labor shortages in these countries have become so severe that they have had to tolerate increased immigration. There is little evidence that immigrants have taken the jobs of natives or caused their incomes to decrease. They appear to complement shrinking local labor forces in these countries of drastically reduced fertility. The annual growth of the active population is predicted to decline from 523,000 in the 1980s to 227,000 in the 1990s in Japan, from 231,000 to 149,000 in Taiwan, and from 400,000 to 300,000 in Korea. Full employment was achieved in Japan in the early 1960s, in Taiwan in the late 1960s, in Hong Kong in the early 1970s, and in Korea in the late 1980s. Full employment was the major factor prompting relaxed immigration controls in these countries. The foreign workers are concentrated in less skilled jobs in dirty or dangerous industries that are shunned by the local population. Opponents of liberalized immigration policies cite the supplementary expenditures for infrastructure and services necessitated by the workers as well as for integration of workers desiring longterm settlement, especially if they are of different ethnicity. No definitive conclusions can be drawn about the overall positive or negative impact of immigration in East Asia without specifying the perspective from which the analysis is made--economic or social, short or long term, from the employee's viewpoint or the employer's. The consequences of importing manpower must be studied in relation to possible alternatives. PMID:12346374

Lim, L L

1994-01-01

352

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning...

2011-10-01

353

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning...

2014-10-01

354

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning...

2012-10-01

355

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning...

2013-10-01

356

E-Learning and Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, our experience in the development and realization of e-Learning courses in Slovenia is described and discussed. Slovenia, the most developed republic of former Yugoslavia, became an EU member in May 2004. In 1991, after its independence from Yugoslavia, Slovenia's transition to a free market economy resulted in lost jobs and an…

Carey, Kelly; Blatnik, Stanko

2005-01-01

357

New challenges to power system planning and operation of smart grid development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future development trend of electric power grid is smart grid, which includes such features as secure and reliable, efficient and economical, clean and green, flexible and compatible, open and interactive, integrated and so on. The concept and characteristics of smart grid are introduced in this paper. On the basis of practical national situation, the development plans of smart grid

Zhang Ruihua; Du Yumei; Yuhong Liu

2010-01-01

358

Teaching Local Economic Development Using Problem-Based Service Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The course was a senior-level 3 credit seminar designed primarily for junior and senior economics majors and minors. This capstone-type course offered an opportunity for 18 students to learn about urban economics as it applies to local economic development while being actively involved in the actual practice of community and economic development through a partnership with Burlington's innovative Community and Economic Development Office (CEDO). Specifically, Students conducted the following activities for CEDO's economic development division: 1. Collected data to enable an up-to-date understanding of economic/demographic trends and conditions in Burlington and the region. CEDO has previously hired outside consultants to periodically produce a data rich document titled "Jobs and People." My students put together "Jobs and People IV." Key contributions unique to J&P IV were the construction of time series based on NAICS instead of SIC industry codes and the addition of variables to reflect Burlington's movement away from manufacturing to an economy based more on the arts, technology and sustainable agriculture. This report is now used throughout the state of Vermont. 2. Developed a dataset in excel with formulas and sources that makes it easy for CEDO staff to keep "Jobs and People" continuously updated and to modify the data and charts to meet their changing needs. CEDO will now need to rely less on expensive outside consultants. Students conducted the following activities for CEDO's community development division: 1. Conducted a survey of Burlington residents on their quality of life in the historical but economically challenged Old North End neighborhood. The survey was also designed to gather information about the types of supports residents want and to identify the role played by CEDO sponsored neighborhood associations in resident perceptions of quality of life.

Nancy Brooks

359

Aggregate dynamic economic - ecological models for sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the paper is to formulate a general integrated aggregate dynamic model for sustainable development, that will be both simple in structure and able to deal with the main objectives, processes, and constraints applying to sustainable development in closed economic - ecological systems. General characteristics of models to be used for sustainable development are discussed. It turns out

J C J M van den Bergh; P Nijkamp

1991-01-01

360

LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT AS A MAGNET FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT AS A MAGNET FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: EVIDENCE FROM TWIN CITIES Jason Cao Light-Rail Line on Commercial & Industrial PropertyValues in Minneapolis Real Estate Development inAnticipation of the Green Line Light RailTransit in St. Paul Green Line and DevelopmentActivities #12;Blue Line

Minnesota, University of

361

Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This textbook provides a comprehensive, systematic treatise on development economics, combining classical political economy, modern institutional theory, and current development issues. Grown out of twenty years' experience of teaching in the United States and Japan, its treatment is global, although the organizing principle is the East Asian development experience. Taking a comparative institutional analysis approach, it also outlines quantitative characteristics

Yujiro Hayami; Yoshihisa Godo

1997-01-01

362

Economic manufacturing quantity, optimum process mean, and economic specification limits setting under the rectifying inspection plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic manufacturing quantity, process mean, and specification limits setting are three important methods for the inventory and quality control problems. In the imperfect production system, we usually consider the manufacturing quantity for reducing the inventory cost, determine the process level for reducing the production cost, and select the specification limits for screening the products. In this paper, we propose the

Chung-ho Chen; Min-tsai Lai

2007-01-01

363

Family planning in developing nations: a global concern, our concern.  

PubMed

Rapid population growth is a serious problem in many developing countries and family planning policies developed in response to the problem raise many ethical issues; home economists can help the citizens in their respective countries increase their knowledge of population dynamics and help them assess the ethical implications of population and family planning policies. Most developing countries have high population growth rates. The annual population growth rates for 1975-79 were 2.8% for Africa, 2.6% for Latin America, and 2.1% for Asia. Population grows exponentially: a population growing at an annual rate of 3% increases. 1900% in a century. If current population trends continue the world's population will stablize toward the end of the 21st century at about 10 billion persons, compared to the world's present population of 4.3 billion. Rapid population growth not only threatens the future welfare of society as a whole, but currently impedes the economic development of the world's poorest nations. Consequently, the governments in many developing countries have adopted vigorous family planning programs. It is difficult to reduce population growth in developing countries because these countries have a high proportion of young people in their populations, i.e., a high number of persons of reproductive age. Barriers to family planning acceptance include 1) high illiteracy rates 2) high infant mortality rates 3) the high economic and socialvalue placed on children in developing countries and 4)religious beliefs. Methods used by governments to alter population growth include 1) manipulating access to contraceptives, 2)developing programs to alter social determinants of fertility, 3) using propaganda to encourage or discourage birth control and repressing information contrary to the government's policies, 4) offering incentives to those who further government policies and imposing disincentives on those who do not comply with government policies, and 5) exerting political pressure to force individual to comply with the govermnent's policies. The use of some of these methods raises ethical issues. When does pressure become coercion? Is coecion justified by the need to ensure the future welfare of the world? In India, sterilization was promoted by making payments to sterilization acceptors and promoters and to physicians who performed sterilizations. In Taiwan, savings deposits were made for children of couples with 1 or 2 children, and the deposits were decreased in additional childred were born. In China incentives, disincentives, and polititcal and peer pressure are used to promote the governt's family planning policies. Do these strong measures lead to infaticide and to the abuse of children whose births result in economic loss for other family members? Do they violate human rights? These issues should be discussed in home economics classes, and additional efforts must be made to ensure that male students are also provided with population information. Home economists can promote the critical assessment of the population problem and its solutions. PMID:12339668

Harriman, L

1984-01-01

364

Essays in economic development and education  

E-print Network

The first chapter of this dissertation examines the market for private school. Private school market shares are rising steadily in many developing countries, but we have a limited understanding of how private schools set ...

Feigenberg, Benjamin

2014-01-01

365

Energy, efficiency and economic growth: a coevolutionary perspective and implications  

E-print Network

Energy, efficiency and economic growth: a coevolutionary perspective and implications for a low, politics, planning, economics and management. Our specialist areas are: sustainable development and environmental change; environmental policy, planning and governance; ecological and environmental economics

366

Nature's role in sustaining economic development  

PubMed Central

In this paper, I formalize the idea of sustainable development in terms of intergenerational well-being. I then sketch an argument that has recently been put forward formally to demonstrate that intergenerational well-being increases over time if and only if a comprehensive measure of wealth per capita increases. The measure of wealth includes not only manufactured capital, knowledge and human capital (education and health), but also natural capital (e.g. ecosystems). I show that a country's comprehensive wealth per capita can decline even while gross domestic product (GDP) per capita increases and the UN Human Development Index records an improvement. I then use some rough and ready data from the world's poorest countries and regions to show that during the period 1970–2000 wealth per capita declined in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, even though the Human Development Index (HDI) showed an improvement everywhere and GDP per capita increased in all places (except in sub-Saharan Africa, where there was a slight decline). I conclude that, as none of the development indicators currently in use is able to reveal whether development has been, or is expected to be, sustainable, national statistical offices and international organizations should now routinely estimate the (comprehensive) wealth of nations. PMID:20008380

Dasgupta, Partha

2010-01-01

367

Fast Economic Development Accelerates Biological Invasions in China  

PubMed Central

Increasing levels of global trade and intercontinental travel have been cited as the major causes of biological invasion. However, indirect factors such as economic development that affect the intensity of invasion have not been quantitatively explored. Herein, using principal factor analysis, we investigated the relationship between biological invasion and economic development together with climatic information for China from the 1970s to present. We demonstrate that the increase in biological invasion is coincident with the rapid economic development that has occurred in China over the past three decades. The results indicate that the geographic prevalence of invasive species varies substantially on the provincial scale, but can be surprisingly well predicted using the combination of economic development (R2?=?0.378) and climatic factors (R2?=?0.347). Economic factors are proven to be at least equal to if not more determinant of the occurrence of invasive species than climatic factors. International travel and trade are shown to have played a less significant role in accounting for the intensity of biological invasion in China. Our results demonstrate that more attention should be paid to economic factors to improve the understanding, prediction and management of biological invasions. PMID:18030342

Lin, Wen; Zhou, Guofa; Cheng, Xinyue; Xu, Rumei

2007-01-01

368

Economic Development Web Site: State and Local Policy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Development Web Site is maintained by the State and Local Policy Program, in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, at the University of Minnesota. The site provides various resources related to economic development at the regional level. Visitors may want to start with Understanding Your Industries -- A Framework for Industry Analysis, which will examine several different analytical tools (both quantitative and qualitative) that help to describe how key industries cluster in a particular area. Several examples of areas that include industry cluster in their development strategies are available. There are also "ten key principles for developing a cutting edge economic development strategy for your area" and links to both national and state data coupled with a description of the data.

369

Technology, Innovation, and Regional Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years state and local governments, universities, and private sector groups have become increasingly active in promoting technological innovation and technology-based business development in their local economies. These efforts have resulted in productive new forms of partnership and cooperation at all levels. While federal programs have…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

370

Technology and Economics Affecting Unconventional Reservoir Development  

E-print Network

the introduction of new technologies that have boosted even more oil and gas production from the plays. Great examples are the use of horizontal and multilateral wells which has opened up additional areas for development, such as the Barnett Shale and the Bakken...

Flores Campero, Cecilia P.

2010-01-15

371

ADDENDUM to Economic and Community Development Research Initiative RFP  

E-print Network

company start-ups? How has the fledgling youth entrepreneurship education movement do corporate strategy development, financial planning, and improved business internships? Highly educated work force? Presence of newly arrived educated immigrants

Shyy, Wei

372

31 CFR 537.411 - Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. 537...411 Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. ...equity interest, in the economic development of resources located in...

2010-07-01

373

31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...contract that includes the economic development of resources located...

2010-07-01

374

31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. 537...Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. ...company that is engaged in the economic development of resources located...

2010-07-01

375

7 CFR 2.45 - Deputy Under Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development. 2.45 Section...Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development. Pursuant to...Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development, to be...

2010-01-01

376

7 CFR 25.502 - Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. 25.502...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. Any rural area nominated by an economic development corporation chartered by...

2010-01-01

377

41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900 Section...900 What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means that the...

2010-07-01

378

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2010-01-01

379

77 FR 6517 - Economic Development Administration Regulatory Revision; Comment Period Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration 13 CFR Parts 300, 301...No. 120202093-2093-01] Economic Development Administration Regulatory Revision; Comment Period Extension AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA),...

2012-02-08

380

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2010-01-01

381

75 FR 10219 - Solicitation of Applications for the FY 2010 University Center Economic Development Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration [Docket No.: 100210082-0082-01...the FY 2010 University Center Economic Development Program Competition in EDA's Austin...Denver Regional Offices AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA),...

2010-03-05

382

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2011-01-01

383

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2011-01-01

384

Economic development with limited supplies of family labor: Chinese peasant families in balancing demographic and economic requisites.  

PubMed

Family planning (FP) in rural China, particularly the ramifications of the 1-child policy, has profound implications and ramifications for family-centered social and economic life in addition to demographic control. Under a constitutionally endorsed policy of strict birth control, favorable economic opportunities coexisted with the problem of familial labor shortages. Recent reform policies have led to a more relaxed FP environment. The Chinese state is in a dilemma between the need to allow peasant's autonomy in determining the familial work situation and the population pressure on the limited cultivated land. The Chinese experience of rural reform is examined in terms of the complex relationship between population change and economic development which are influenced by the production and welfare activities of the peasant family. The theoretical argument is that a family reliant strategy of economic reform undercuts the effectiveness of population control programs. The ultimate solution lies with sustained industrialization with high labor absorption. National trends and the Dahe People's Commune/Township experience are analyzed. Discussion is focused on the dilemma of FP and family production, old and new evidence of family size and economic performance, welfare outcome of family size, the role of the state in altering the demographic balance sheet, and the strategic response of peasant families to bring families of old designs back and urban migration and proletarianization. It is concluded that there is growing understanding that the causal relationships between population growth and economic development do not clearly support universal population control. Human social organization, not the man/land ratio, shapes the consequences of population growth. The implications for the Malthusian vs. Marxian debate for developing countries are that the resources/population imbalance needs to consider more carefully the human organizational factors. Mao's notions that a revolutionary transformation of the social organization of production in China would resolve overpopulation have since been rectified by opposing ideological positions: changing the basic mode of production through institutional decollectivization and checking population growth with the 1-child policy. This dilemma in rural areas translates to greater productivity and diversification with Chinese families having abundant adult labor and secured by the number of sons. It is difficult to substantiate the benefit of small families for peasants theoretically. Political rewards have been curtailed by economic declines. The peasant family has adapted by reconstituting old family forms and kin networks and by out-migration and nonagricultural employment. PMID:12285338

Chang, K S

1991-07-01

385

Developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals.  

PubMed

The initial stages of developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals are explored in this excerpt from the book, The Role of the Hospital in an Aging Society: A Blueprint for Action. The elderly have unique perceptual, cognitive, social, and psychological needs and preferences, and a marketing strategy for eldercare services must reflect these factors, as well as the financial role of third-party payers and the decision-making influence of families and physicians. Among the elements the hospital must address when developing a marketing strategy are market selection and segmentation, targeting markets with specific services, pricing, and positioning the hospital for a maximum share of the eldercare market. PMID:10302744

Dychtwald, K; Zitter, M

1988-09-01

386

Development of an economic selection index for Australian tea tree  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has developed the first formal breeding objective for the Australian tea tree plantation industry. Significant\\u000a gains in profitability of Australian tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) could be made through selection for biomass and oil yield, while maintaining oil quality at acceptable levels. Economic\\u000a values or weights (EWs), for breeding-objective traits were estimated based on a bio-economic model of a

G. J. Zhang; M. Ivkovi?; Prastyono; J. C. Doran

2011-01-01

387

Sustainable Development from the Perspective of Spatial Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the article is to present the importance of environmental sustainability from a national spatial planning perspective. The article raises the following questions: What is sustainability from a spatial planning perspective? Why national and regional spatial planning is necessary to achieve more sustainable development? How can national spatial planning contribute to sustainable development? Howare national governments responding to

Beata Mróz

2003-01-01

388

APPLICATION OF SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA TO STELLA, MISSOURI-ECONOMIC PLANNING-PRELIMINARY SITE INFORMATION AND ELEMENTS OF THE MASTER PLAN-16NOV2006 (1130)  

EPA Science Inventory

Economic systems constraints and performance requirements that are essential to providing goods and services, jobs, and a functioning economic system form a list of criteria for planning a sustainable economy. This presentation places these economic criteria in the context of Ste...

389

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

-making on fire mitigation and management. For government agencies, the method needs to be based on the principlesProceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 627 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy

Standiford, Richard B.

390

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 377 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Fire Program Analysis System­ Preparedness Module1 H. Roose,2 L. Ballard,3 J. Manley,4 N

Standiford, Richard B.

391

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 185 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Fire History in the Mixed Pine-Oak Forest on the National Park Chipinque, in Monterrey, Nuevo

Standiford, Richard B.

392

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 189 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Who Should Be Responsible for Forest Fires? Lessons From the Greek Experience1 Gavriil

Standiford, Richard B.

393

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 327 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Defining Initial Response: Integrating Fire Use With Initial Attack1 Stephen J. Botti,2

Standiford, Richard B.

394

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 353 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Policy Incentives for Wildland Fire Management in the United States 1 Sara E. Jensen2

Standiford, Richard B.

395

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 409 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy problem is very present-day problem for Russia. Forest fires become disasters in 2 or 3 regions of Russia

Standiford, Richard B.

396

The Influence of Education on Economic Development  

E-print Network

development (Boldorf 2012). Australia is another case where in 1920-1930, after World War I, Belgium required military resistance while Germany continued to invade the nation. Because Belgium resisted this, the Germans responded by destroying bridges... and burning down buildings. The Great Depression took place during this time period as well. The crisis affected Belgium in the late 1930s (Witte 2000). The Netherlands was weak militarily in the 1930?s. Adolf Hitler sent an Austrian known as Arthur Seyess...

Garcia, Julia

2013-04-15

397

The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model - A Map-Based Multicriteria Ecological, Economic, and Community Land-Use Planning Tool  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model (EPM) prototype is a regional land-use planning Web tool that integrates ecological, economic, and social information and values of relevance to decision-makers and stakeholders. The EPM uses a multicriteria evaluation framework that builds on geographic information system-based (GIS) analysis and spatially-explicit models that characterize important ecological, economic, and societal endpoints and consequences that are sensitive to regional land-use/land-cover (LULC) change. The EPM uses both economics (monetized) and multiattribute utility (nonmonetized) approaches to valuing these endpoints and consequences. This hybrid approach represents a methodological middle ground between rigorous economic and ecological/ environmental scientific approaches. The EPM sacrifices some degree of economic- and ecological-forecasting precision to gain methodological transparency, spatial explicitness, and transferability, while maintaining credibility. After all, even small steps in the direction of including ecosystem services evaluation are an improvement over current land-use planning practice (Boyd and Wainger, 2003). There are many participants involved in land-use decision-making in South Florida, including local, regional, State, and Federal agencies, developers, environmental groups, agricultural groups, and other stakeholders (South Florida Regional Planning Council, 2003, 2004). The EPM's multicriteria evaluation framework is designed to cut across the objectives and knowledge bases of all of these participants. This approach places fundamental importance on social equity and stakeholder participation in land-use decision-making, but makes no attempt to determine normative socially 'optimal' land-use plans. The EPM is thus a map-based set of evaluation tools for planners and stakeholders to use in their deliberations of what is 'best', considering a balancing of disparate interests within a regional perspective. Although issues of regional ecological sustainability can be explored with the EPM (for example, changes in biodiversity potential and regional habitat fragmentation), it does not attempt to define or evaluate long-term ecological sustainability as such. Instead, the EPM is intended to provide transparent first-order indications of the direction of ecological, economic, and community change, not to make detailed predictions of ecological, economic, and social outcomes. In short, the EPM is an attempt to widen the perspectives of its users by integrating natural and social scientific information in a framework that recognizes the diversity of values at stake in South Florida land-use planning. For terrestrial ecosystems, land-cover change is one of the most important direct drivers of changes in ecosystem services (Hassan and others, 2005). More specifically, the fragmentation of habitat from expanding low-density development across landscapes appears to be a major driver of terrestrial species decline and the impairment of terrestrial ecosystem integrity, in some cases causing irreversible impairment from a land-use planning perspective (Brody, 2008; Peck, 1998). Many resource managers and land-use planners have come to realize that evaluating land-use conversions on a parcel-by-parcel basis leads to a fragmented and narrow view of the regional effects of natural land-cover loss to development (Marsh and Lallas, 1995). The EPM is an attempt to integrate important aspects of the coupled natural-system/human-system view from a regional planning perspective. The EPM evaluates proposed land-use changes, both conversion and intensification, in terms of relevant ecological, economic, and social criteria that combine information about probable land-use outcomes, based on ecological and environmental models, as well as value judgments, as expressed in user-modifiable preference models. Based on on-going meetings and interviews with stakeholders and potential tool users we foc

Labiosa, William B.; Bernknopf, Richard; Hearn, Paul; Hogan, Dianna; Strong, David; Pearlstine, Leonard; Mathie, Amy M.; Wein, Anne M.; Gillen, Kevin; Wachter, Susan

2009-01-01

398

LOCAL ECONOMIC PLANNING STRATEGY BASED ON SECTORAL ADVANTAGED AND POTENTIAL IN EASTERN JAVA PROVINCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legislation act no. 22\\/1999 about local government management and act no. 25\\/1999 about the balancing central and local government budgeting makes local authority to improve and widen their local development planning. The consequences of getting wider of local government planning to manage their own local potential capacity makes all initiative planning must come from local government themselves. The central government

Rossanto Dwi Handoyo

2005-01-01

399

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires  

E-print Network

, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires, November 5-11, 2012, Mexico City, Mexico. 2 Forestry StudentProceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires 225 Shift in Fire-Ecosystems and Weather Changes1 Bongani Finiza2 Abstract During

Standiford, Richard B.

400

Servicer system demonstration plan and capability development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An orbital maneuvering vehicle (OMV) front end kit is defined which is capable of performing in-situ fluid resupply and modular maintenance of free flying spacecraft based on the integrated orbital servicing system (IOSS) concept. The compatibility of the IOSS to perform gas and fluid umbilical connect and disconnect functions utilizing connect systems currently available or in development is addressed. A series of tasks involving on-orbit servicing and the engineering test unit (ETU) of the on-orbit service were studied. The objective is the advancement of orbital servicing by expanding the Spacecraft Servicing Demonstration Plan (SSDP) to include detail demonstration planning using the Multimission Modular Spacecraft (MMS) and upgrading the ETU control.

1987-01-01

401

Terrestrial Planet Finder: Technology Development Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of humanity's oldest questions is whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. The Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission will survey stars in our stellar neighborhood to search for planets and perform spectroscopic measurements to identify potential biomarkers in their atmospheres. In response to the recently published President's Plan for Space Exploration, TPF has plans to launch a visible-light coronagraph in 2014, and a separated-spacecraft infrared interferometer in 2016. Substantial funding has been committed to the development of the key technologies that are required to meet these goals for launch in the next decade. Efforts underway through industry and university contracts and at JPL include a number of system and subsystem testbeds, as well as components and numerical modeling capabilities. The science, technology, and design efforts are closely coupled to ensure that requirements and capabilities will be consistent and meet the science goals.

Lindensmith, Chris

2004-01-01

402

Epidemiological monitoring plan for geothermal developments.  

PubMed

In order to assure that geothermal developments in the Imperial Valley of California proceeded on an environmentally sound basis, The U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration contracted with the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory to conduct a comprehensive study of six aspects of the region and its potential problems: Air Quality Water Quality, Ecosystem Quality (Soil, Plants, Animals, etc.) Subsidence and Induced Seismicity, Health Effects, and Socio-Economic Effects which may result from the proposed development. This report of the possible health effects is designed to be repeated as geothermal developments progress. It includes both general health attributes and attributes which may be likely to be adversely affected by such developments and is focussed on two different populations, one likely to be affected and a second which is less likely to be affected. Such a design permits the easier identification of possible effects against a background of time-dependent processes in later phases of the study. This baseline study documents that before such developments, there were differences in health status of the two areas, which were chosen to maximize demographic comparability. It further identifies that odor, a possible problem associated with geothermal development, is currently present, and at times intense. Without such baseline monitoring, the likelihood is great that such effects in the future might be falsely ascribed to the geothermal development. PMID:6710129

Deane, M

1984-01-27

403

Site-specific development plan: Carlin, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The conditions for developing the geothermal resource near Carlin appear favorable. The resource has a favorable temperature range for direct applications (174/sup 0/F or 79/sup 0/C), the geothermal fluid has low total dissolved solids, no objectionable constituents that would result in costly scaling or corrosion problems and the resource is conveniently located within two miles from town. Direct space heating is the most realistic application and is recommended. Several clusters of homes are located less than 2 miles away. The project could be developed on a larger scale than this study proposes. The engineering and economic models are proposed on a small scale here for simplicity in evaluating the feasibility of pursuing development. Conceivably the producing well will provide sufficient hot water to accommodate more homes than the models include. The town of Carlin seems receptive to development and there does not appear to be any major barriers to exploration or development. The regulatory climate in both the state and county is conducive to geothermal development at this level. No major regulatory or environmental obstacles are noted which would severely curtail utilization for space heating. The prospect of replacing natural gas heat with geothermal heat for 60 or more homes is economically attractive. Geothermal rates for hot water are not expected to increase as rapidly as the price of natural gas to the consumer over the next 10 years. The increases for hot water from geothermal are primarily a function of power costs for the pumps plus inflation affecting maintenance costs. Individual homeowners can expect payback on retrofitting costs within two to three years.

Fiore, J.H.

1980-01-01

404

Politics and economic development in Russia under Yeltsin and Putin  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the political economy of Russia and how ideas about modernization and late development can be used to explain the problems of securing and maintaining economic change under Presidents Yeltsin and Putin. The paper draws on ideas from the literature on the political economy of development to argue that Russia has had problems securing modernization because of

Neil Robinson

2009-01-01

405

http://edq.sagepub.com Economic Development Quarterly  

E-print Network

engineers were senior executives at one quar- ter of Silicon Valley's technology businesses. These immigrantEconomic Development Quarterly AnnaLee Saxenian Silicon Valley's New Immigrant High-Growth Entrepreneurs DEVELOPMENT QUARTERLY / February 2002Saxenian / SILICON VALLEY'S NEW IMMIGRANTS Silicon Valley's New Immigrant

Saxenian, AnnaLee

406

ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF MINERAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHEAST MINNESOTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic effects of mineral resource development addressed in this paper are the changes in employment, population and income in the State of Minnesota and in Northeast Minnesota. These include the present mining, processing and shipping of natural ores and taconite pellets and the potential copper-nickel development.

Wilbur R. Maki

1980-01-01

407

ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF COPPER-NICKEL DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHEAST MINNESOTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer simulations of industry gross output, employment and earnings changes associated with alternative copper-nickel development scenarios are presented in this report. The direct and indirect economic effects of seven development scenarios are projected for a mining impact Study Area in St. Louis County, Minnesota.

Wilbur R. Maki; Patrick D. Meagher; Leonard A. Laulainen Jr.

1979-01-01

408

Economic Development Practices among Small/Rural Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In developing this compendium of exemplary economic development practices among small and/or rural two-year colleges, the American Association of Community Colleges Commission on Small/Rural Community Colleges (CSMCC) sent out a call for program descriptions to all community colleges with less than 3,000 full-time employees or that were…

Esbeck, Tim, Comp.; Falcone, Lisa, Ed.

409

Integrated Microbial Technology for Developing Countries: Springboard for Economic Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the current use of microbial technology in industrialized countries to develop substitute sources of fuel, food, and fertilizer and why it is important for developing countries to adopt the techniques described to gain economically. A list of references is also presented. (HM)

DaSilva, Edgar J.; And Others

1978-01-01

410

AMERICAN INDIAN CASINO GAMBLING: ISSUES OF COMMUNITY VERSUS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Antell, Blevins, and Jensen present a useful description of the policy conflicts between Indian casino gambling and tribal sovereignty. However, they fail to distinguish casino gaming as a form of community versus economic development in terms of general American Indian tribal community well-being. Legal tension certainly exists between the states (mandated by federal legislation to develop gambling compacts with the

Rebecca T. Richards

2000-01-01

411

Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This critique argues that the preponderance of theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence suggests a positive, first-order relationship between financial development and economic growth. The body of work would push even most skeptics toward the belief that the development of financial markets and institutions is a critical and inextricable part of the growth process and away from the view that the

Ross Levine

1997-01-01

412

The role of small business in economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out to evaluate the role that entrepreneurs and small businesses play in economic development. How important are entrepreneurs and small businesses in creating jobs, and are these the types of jobs that should be encouraged? How important are entrepreneurs and small businesses in the development of new products and new markets? Does promoting entrepreneurship and small businesses

Kelly D. Edmiston

2004-01-01

413

Food and Resource Economics 340 International Agricultural Development  

E-print Network

attention to rural areas and the agricultural sector. This will include -the factors responsible for growth and transformation in urban and rural areas -the role of agriculture in poorer countries' economic development, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press and World Bank, 1983. #12;2 World Bank, World Development Report

Farrell, Anthony P.

414

Leading Economic Development across Ontario: Achievements and Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper has been developed by the Association of Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology of Ontario (ACAATO) to advance a strong college system that will continue to contribute to economic development in Ontario. Each year the colleges provide accessible quality career education and training in English and French to over one million adults. The…

Association of Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology of Ontario, North York.

415

Aligning Economic and Workforce Development Activities in Baltimore. Research Findings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent efforts to build economic and work force development systems in seven leading cities were reviewed to inform similar efforts undertaken in Baltimore, Maryland. Research examining efforts to establish work force development systems in the following cities were analyzed: Austin, Texas; Berkeley, California; Boston, Massachusetts; Cleveland,…

Hicks, Lisa; Olins, Alexandra; Prince, Heath

416

Economic Development and the Escape from High Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. — This paper studies the characteristic features of the escape from high mortality as re- corded from the historical experience of Northwestern Europe and from the current experience of less developed countries. The paper documents stylized facts of mortality change and measures the contribution of economic development, represented by income per capita, to the mortality decline during the second

Javier A. Birchenall

2007-01-01

417

Health and economic development: introduction to the symposium.  

PubMed

This symposium explores the role of health as an 'economic engine' in the lower Mississippi River Delta region of the United States. The health as an economic engine model proposes that health is an important and perhaps critical determinant of economic growth and development. This model is the reverse of the more commonly considered paradigm in which economic conditions are major determinants of health status. This reframing of the conventional pathway draws upon an existing and extensive internationally-based body of knowledge, predominantly from research done in Africa and Asia. We suggest, in this symposium, that the health as an economic engine model can also be applied within the United States, particularly in regions that are economically underdeveloped and have poor health. This reframing has significant implications for population health policy as public health advancement can be legitimately argued to be an investment rather than just an expense. Viewing health as an economic engine supports a call to community-based participatory action on the part of policy makers, researchers, and educators to further both public and private investment in health, particularly for children and the poor. PMID:18575145

Clay, Joy A; Mirvis, David M

2008-01-01

418

State and local economic development tools : how does the range of state-level economic development tools available to a locality influence the way local resources are deployed?  

E-print Network

Patterns in Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) expenditures for economic development in selected states were analyzed to explore whether differences in economic development tools, policies and programs available at ...

Piercy, Brett I. (Brett Ianthe)

2010-01-01

419

Least-cost planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The electric power industry in developing countries, as in the rest of the world, faces least-cost planning problems characterized by a range of supply-side and demand-side options, multiple conflicting objectives, and pervasive uncertainty. Two recent least-cost planning studies were sponsored by the World Bank and carried out by utilities in Hungary and Costa Rica. Although the circumstances in the two countries are very different, and the studies were carried out by different teams, they reached similar conclusions. First, both studies concluded that availability of capital was a key ingredient in developing least-cost plans. This conclusion is particularly important for developing countries since their capital requirements for power supply expansion are huge, thus indicating the need for seekin new ways of mobilizing financial resources and the adoption of policies to encourage more efficient production and end use of power. Second, both utilities were able to do thorough multi-objective and risk analyses. Third, both studies found that the multi-objective and risk analyses led to some conclusions which differed from those reached by traditional optimization, and included some surprises. In particular, the Hungarian analysis pointed to more gas turbine capacity than was previously envisaged, and found that electricity imports were an attractive option. Implementation of load management was also a winner, at least as a hedge. The Costa Rican analysis concluded that varying the power supply mix was not desireable: the utility should continue its reliance on hydro, with minor additions of thermal capacity, but eschewing baseload coal or heavy geothermal development, and with diesels preferred to gas turbines.

Merrill, H.M.; Crousillat, E.O.; Doerfner, P.; Alvarado, P.

1993-02-01

420

The urban-rural dimension in national economic development.  

PubMed

Urban growth should be evaluated less as good or bad in itself than in terms of whether it promotes the efficient and equitable performance of vital economic functions within a nation. Much urban growth in developing nations both reflects national growth and promotes it. Cities are sources of economic growth, which is their dominant characteristic. There is a strong tendency for large cities and their surrounding core regions to be the most active, rapidly growing areas of developing nations. Certain economic functions tend to be found only in cities and tend to cluster into certain cities because it is economically efficient. 3 mechanisms which make cities economically efficient are 1) internal economies of scale, 2) localization economies, and 3) agglomeration economies. Urban areas can provide support functions for rural areas and, in turn, their growth depends on the support of an agricultural base. Urban areas also provide alternative employment and income opportunities for the rural surplus population. There are 4 prominent questions often raised about possible negative effects of urbanization on national growth and development. One question is urban growth and urban bias, which the authors argue is overemphasized. Another question is diseconomies of scale in large cities; this, the authors suggest, is not a matter of size as much as operating efficiently. Third is urbanization and regional dualism, which the authors argue can be maintained through a strategy of changing a nation's mix and location of urban activity. Fourth is the question of cities and rural outmigration. The authors argue that although most people who leave rural areas are younger, more motivated, and better educated than those left behind, their departures are economically favorable. Getting economic activity located correctly along an urban-rural spectrum is important to the growth of developing countries. 6 rules that illustrate how to do this are 1) be guided by local circumstances, not theoretical models; 2) promote better management of major urban areas; 3) avoid direct controls on migration and location; 4) understand the reluctance of industry to locate outside core regions; 5) develop secondary cities with an eye to economic eficiency; and 6) be cautious about "new town" developments. The authors conclude that 1) both host governments and those involved in development assistance should realize that urban growth is a natural process; and 2) when they do intervene in the process, they should do so in ways designed to build upon economic forces already at work. PMID:12314419

Egan, M L; Bendick M

1986-01-01

421

Economics of Developing Hot Stratigraphic Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

Stratigraphic geothermal reservoirs at 3 – 4 km depth in high heat-flow basins are capable of sustaining 100 MW-scale power plants at about 10 c/kWh. This paper examines the impacts on the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) of reservoir depth and temperature, reservoir productivity, and drillhole/casing options. For a reservoir at 3 km depth with a moderate productivity index by hydrothermal reservoir standards (about 50 L/s/MPa, 5.6 gpm/psi), an LCOE of 10c/kWh requires the reservoir to be at about 200°C. This is the upper temperature limit for pumps. The calculations assume standard hydrothermal drilling costs, with the production interval completed with a 7 inch liner in an 8.5 inch hole. If a reservoir at 4 km depth has excellent permeability characteristics with a productivity index of 100 L/s/MPa (11.3 gpm/psi), then the LCOE is about 11 c/kWh assuming the temperature decline rate with development is not excessive (< 1%/y, with first thermal breakthrough delayed by about 10 years). Completing wells with modest horizontal legs (e.g. several hundred meters) may be important for improving well productivity because of the naturally high, sub-horizontal permeability in this type of reservoir. Reducing the injector/producer well ratio may also be cost-effective if the injectors are drilled as larger holes.

Greg Mines; Hillary Hanson; Rick Allis; Joseph Moore

2014-09-01

422

Reservoir Simulation Used to Plan Diatomite Developement in Mountainous Region  

E-print Network

's ideal development plan. The steep hillsides prevent well pad development for about 22 vertical well locations in the 110 well expansion plan. Conventional production performs poorly in the area because the combination of relatively low permeability (1...

Powell, Richard

2012-10-19

423

Individualized Language Development Plan From: Liz Tummons, ITAP Coordinator  

E-print Network

Individualized Language Development Plan From: Liz Tummons, ITAP Coordinator RE: Instructions for Individualized Language Development Plan Dear Student, Thank you for your interest in working independently to improve your English. Individual students and academic programs can create personalized language

Taylor, Jerry

424

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington) Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

425

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 1. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

426

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

427

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

428

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon). Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

429

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 2. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

430

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington). Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

431

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington). Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

432

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

433

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 1. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

434

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 2. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

435

75 FR 49016 - County of Greenville, S.C.-Acquisition Exemption-Greenville County Economic Development Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Exemption--Greenville County Economic Development Corporation The County of...acquire from Greenville County Economic Development Corporation (GCEDC) approximately...See Greenville County Economic Development...

2010-08-12

436

The Use of Mathematical Methods in Economic Research and Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's conditions of building communism socialist society requires far higher scientific standards. The founders of Marxism-Leninism pointed out that the function of science is not merely to learn the laws of nature and society, but also to work out the ways and means of placing those laws at the service of socialprogress and the full development of the material

V. Nemchinov

1960-01-01

437

Demands of Expanding Populations and Development Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book is a practical resource for development planners, demographers, and organizations involved with development projects related to improving the well-being and welfare of expanding human populations. Demands of Expanding Populations and Development Planning essentially is a treatment on sustainability and includes a heavy emphasis on major issues of environmental pollution over the last 3 decades. The book's coverage of ecosystems, atmospheric chemistry, water availability and quality, and soils is comprehensive. The author's extensive teaching experience makes this somewhat of an authoritative book on air quality and emissions from natural and anthropogenic sources, volatile heavy metals, carbon monoxide, radon, and nuclear waste. Most of the book focuses on the atmospheric chemistry of air pollution, whether the pollution source is from energy, industrial production, and manufacturing processes or from the treatment of waste products from such processes.

Lim, Bo

2010-04-01

438

Center Planning and Development Student Engineer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This fall I was the Student Trainee (Engineering) Pathways Intern (co-op) at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in the Center Planning Development (CPD) Directorate. CPD works with commercial companies who are interested using KSCs unique capabilities in spaceflight, spacecraft processing, ground systems and Research Development (RD) projects that fall in line with NASAs mission and goals. CPD is divided into four (4) groups: (1) AD-A, which works on the Master Planning for center, (2) AD-B (where I am), which works on project management and integration, (3) AD-C, which works on partnership development, and (4) AD-T, which works on the RD aspects of partnerships. CPDs main goal is to one day make KSC the worlds largest spaceport and maintain the center as a leader in space exploration. CPD is a very diverse group with employees having a wide knowledge of not only the Space Shuttle, but also that of the Apollo era. Our director of CPD, Scott Colloredo, is on the advisory board for Commercial Space Operations (CSO) and has a degree at ERAU. I worked on a number of different tasks for AD-B, as well as CPD, that includes, but not limited to: reviewing and reissuing engineering drawings from the Apollo and Shuttle eras, to supporting NASA rocket launches (MAVEN), and working on actual agreementsproposals that will be used in the partnership process with multiple partners. Most of the work I have done is sensitive information and cannot be disclosed.

Jenkins, Kenneth T.

2013-01-01

439

Developing a playground injury prevention plan.  

PubMed

Playgrounds are a major source of unintentional injuries in the school environment. In fact, 80% of all injuries on public playground equipment happen at school. Thus, the need for developing a playground injury prevention plan is critical to provide safe educational outdoor environments for children. The S.A.F.E.trade mark framework for injury prevention is the first step in preventing playground injuries. This article highlights suggestions that school nurses can implement in creating an effective playground injury prevention program at their schools. PMID:18557671

Olsen, Heather M; Hudson, Susan D; Thompson, Donna

2008-06-01

440

High-energy facility development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Approaches to the deployment of instruments for the study of high-energy solar emissions alone or in conjunction with other solar instruments are considered. The Space Station has been identified as the preferred mode for the deployment of the Advanced Solar Observatory, and it is suggested that a proposed High-Energy Facility could be on a coorbiting platform. The implementation plan for the High-Energy Facility involves the definition of the interface structures required to mount the facility instruments to the Space Station and the development of hard X-ray and gamma-ray imaging, spectroscopic, and polarimetric instruments.

Walker, Arthur B. C., Jr.; Roberts, W. T.; Dabbs, J. R.

1988-01-01

441

Making the Link. Coordinating Economic Development and Employment and Training. State Governments. Regional Councils. Local Economic Development Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of three closely related reports, dealing with "State Governments", "Regional Councils", and "Local Econcomic Development Agencies", respectively, together with a fourth document, a preceding overview. These documents draw from results of a project to identify successful approaches to coordinating economic development and…

National Alliance of Business, Inc., Washington, DC.

442

Curriculum Development in Medical Education: Planning a CME Activity  

E-print Network

Curriculum Development in Medical Education: Planning a CME Activity Richard F. Tischler, Jr., PhD, FACEHP Executive Director, CME University of Maryland School of Medicine #12;Curriculum Development to plan and develop this presentation #12;Professional Practice Gap Many CME activities are planned

Weber, David J.

443

Community Economic Development Law : A Text For Engaged Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community Economic Development Law: A Text for Engaged Learning provides a flexible set of materials that faculty can customize to meet the goals of the stand-alone community development class, or the pedagogical needs of community development law clinics. The text enables students to approach the substantive material as would problem-solving, community-based practitioners. They do so by entering the community of

Susan D. Bennett; Brenda Bratton Blom; Louise A. Howells; Deborah S. Kenn

2012-01-01

444

A plan for the economic assessment of the benefits of improved meteorological forecasts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Benefit-cost relationships for the development of meteorological satellites are outlined. The weather forecast capabilities of the various weather satellites (Tiros, SEOS, Nimbus) are discussed, and the development of additional satellite systems is examined. A rational approach is development that leads to the establishment of the economic benefits which may result from the utilization of meteorological satellite data. The economic and social impacts of improved weather forecasting for industries and resources management are discussed, and significant weather sensitive industries are listed.

Bhattacharyya, R.; Greenberg, J.

1975-01-01

445

It is about progress A 10 year plan for strengthening PSU's contribution to regional economic growth.  

E-print Network

is the key to successful economic development. The City of Portland is now implementing a job creation: This Strategy commits us to engagement with partners to ensure ongoing collaborations aimed at economic growth. Student Success: Higher student satisfaction, retention, and graduation rates will strengthen our region

446

Fuel Fabrication Capability Research and Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide a comprehensive review of the mission of the Fuel Fabrication Capability (FFC) within the Global Threat Reduction Initiative Convert Program, along with research and development (R&D) needs that have been identified as necessary to ensuring mission success. The design and fabrication of successful nuclear fuels must be closely linked endeavors. Therefore, the overriding motivation behind the FFC R&D program described in this plan is to foster closer integration between fuel design and fabrication to reduce programmatic risk. These motivating factors are all interrelated, and progress addressing one will aid understanding of the others. The FFC R&D needs fall into two principal categories, 1) baseline process optimization, to refine the existing fabrication technologies, and 2) manufacturing process alternatives, to evaluate new fabrication technologies that could provide improvements in quality, repeatability, material utilization, or cost. The FFC R&D Plan examines efforts currently under way in regard to coupon, foil, plate, and fuel element manufacturing, and provides recommendations for a number of R&D topics that are of high priority but not currently funded (i.e., knowledge gaps). The plan ties all FFC R&D efforts into a unified vision that supports the overall Convert Program schedule in general, and the fabrication schedule leading up to the MP-1 and FSP-1 irradiation experiments specifically. The fabrication technology decision gates and down-selection logic and schedules are tied to the schedule for fabricating the MP-1 fuel plates, which will provide the necessary data to make a final fuel fabrication process down-selection. Because of the short turnaround between MP-1 and the follow-on FSP-1 and MP-2 experiments, the suite of specimen types that will be available for MP-1 will be the same as those available for FSP-1 and MP-2. Therefore, the only opportunity to explore parameter space and alternative processing is between now and 2016 when the candidate processes are down-selected in preparation for the MP-1, FSP-1, and MP-2 plate manufacturing campaigns. A number of key risks identified by the FFC are discussed in this plan, with recommended mitigating actions for those activities within FFC, and identification of risks that are impacted by activities in other areas of the Convert Program. The R&D Plan does not include discussion of FFC initiatives related to production-scale manufacturing of fuel (e.g., establishment of the Pilot Line Production Facility), rather, the goal of this plan is to document the R&D activities needed ultimately to enable high-quality and cost-effective production of the fuel by the commercial fuel fabricator. The intent is for this R&D Plan to be a living document that will be reviewed and updated on a regular basis (e.g., annually) to ensure that FFC R&D activities remain properly aligned to the needs of the Convert Program. This version of the R&D Plan represents the first annual review and revision.

Senor, David J.; Burkes, Douglas

2014-04-17

447

Intelligent Tools for Planning Knowledge Base Development and Verification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key obstacle hampering fielding of AI planning applications is the considerable expense of developing, verifying, updating, and maintaining the planning knowledge base (KB). Planning systems must be able to compare favorably in terms of software lifecycle costs to other means of automation such as scripts or rule-based expert systems. Consequently, in order to field real systems, planning practitioners must

Steve A. Chien

1996-01-01

448

The Financial Mythology of Information Technology: Developing a New Game Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As economic realities drive colleges and universities to reassess financial strategies for managing information technology investments, many will have to develop a new game plan, requiring: collaboration among academic, financial, and technical leaders; rejuvenation of the collective conventional wisdom; shift to life-cycle budgeting; emphasis on…

Oberlin, John L.

1996-01-01

449

State Appalachian Development Plans and Investment Programs for Fiscal Year 1980. ABSTRACTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), established by Congress in 1965 as a means of relieving the chronic economic and social distresses of the Appalachian region, is composed of the governors of the 13 states that comprise Appalachia. Local development plans, based upon needs and priorities, are presented to ARC every year by the governor of…

Appalachian Regional Commission, Washington, DC.

450

Modernism and Planned Development: A Study of Two Punjabi Villages in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two rural villages with similar characteristics were selected in Punjab (northern India) in order to study attitudes towards planned socio-economic development programs. All household heads (married males) in Bhagpura (123) and Khaira Bet (116) were interviewed; other data were derived separately. Program acceptance (modernism) in both villages…

Sharma, Satish

451

Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities?: Urban Planning and the Contradictions of Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Nothing inherent in the discipline steers planners either toward environmental protection or toward economic development -- or toward a third goal of planning: social equity. Instead, planners work within the tension generated among these three fundamental aims, which, collectively, I call the \\

Scott Campbell; Just Cities

1996-01-01

452

Economic evaluation of rural woodlots in a developing country: Tanzania  

SciTech Connect

Rural areas in developing countries use wood as their main source of energy. Previously, wood has been obtained free from natural forests and woodlands. The pressure of increased demand through population growth, and the fact that natural trees take longer to grow, has made this resource scarce. Thus, raising trees in woodlots has been adopted as the solution to its shortage in the wild. However, growing trees in woodlots will inevitably require resources in terms of capital, land and manpower. Economic evaluation becomes necessary to ascertain that these resources are used economically. This paper dwells on some of the salient features of the economic evaluation of woodlots, such as interest rates, shadow prices of factors of production, social opportunity, cost of capital and sensitivity analysis of such woodlots in a developing country such as Tanzania. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

Kihiyo, V.B.M.S. [Sokoine Univ. of Agriculture, Morogoro (Tanzania, United Republic of)] [Sokoine Univ. of Agriculture, Morogoro (Tanzania, United Republic of)

1996-03-01

453

Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This year's annual report on the economic prospects for developing countries focuses on international trade and the policies needed to help these nations benefit from global integration. The news is good for many developing countries, whose economic growth is expected to register "5.3 percent this year, 5 percent next year, and ease to 4.8 percent by 2002." However, the world's poorest nations, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, have not kept pace. The full report is available online, but each chapter must be downloaded separately in .pdf format. The official press release and summary are available in several languages including Chinese, German, Russian, and English. The main page also provides a slide show of the primary points and issues of the report and a video interview with the Director of the Bank's Economy Policy and Prospects program, as well as regional economic prospects and related links.

454

Information System Development: Phase I, Management Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives of this study of the operations of Engineering Index were to: (1) determine the need for a planning capability, (2) blueprint a mechanism to accomplish planning, and (3) recommend priorities requiring planning attention. Topics considered in the study are planning, the role of the board of directors and trustees, organizational…

Woods, Bill M.

455

A plan for application system verification tests: The value of improved meteorological information, volume 1. [economic consequences of improved meteorological information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The framework within which the Applications Systems Verification Tests (ASVTs) are performed and the economic consequences of improved meteorological information demonstrated is described. This framework considers the impact of improved information on decision processes, the data needs to demonstrate the economic impact of the improved information, the data availability, the methodology for determining and analyzing the collected data and demonstrating the economic impact of the improved information, and the possible methods of data collection. Three ASVTs are considered and program outlines and plans are developed for performing experiments to demonstrate the economic consequences of improved meteorological information. The ASVTs are concerned with the citrus crop in Florida, the cotton crop in Mississippi and a group of diverse crops in Oregon. The program outlines and plans include schedules, manpower estimates and funding requirements.

1976-01-01

456

Dynamic impacts of socio-economic development in rural Texas  

SciTech Connect

Several development policies and programs have been enacted to improve the economic vitality, social well-being, and quality of life in rural communities. Predominant among these is the attempt by many rural communities to attract or expand industry to promote economic growth. The main objective of this study is to develop a dynamic interactive model that accommodates the projection of socio economic growth and the impact of additional employment from a new plant in a rural community. The economic account contains projections of business activities, income and employment by sector. A local input-output model is constructed by using the location quotient technique. The Leontief dynamic input-output framework is used to project the output levels by economic sector while considering capital replacement and expansion requirements as well as current consumption. The demographic account uses an age-sex cohort survival method to project population. The annual local labor force is estimated by labor participation rates for each age and sex cohort, and is used to determine the migration activities required to match employment requirements. The public service account is projected by the average standards method, and includes age-specific usage coefficients for local areas. The projections encompass education, medical, housing, criminal justice, fire protection, water supply, water treatment, sewage treatment, solid waste disposal, and transportation requirements.

Kao, C.S.

1985-01-01

457

AN ENERGY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS OF CONSTRAINTS ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

There is a strong linear dependence of economic activity as measured by gross domestic product (GDP) on both the fossil fuel energy and the total emergy consumed by nations. Conceptual models of global and regional environmental systems were developed to examine the factors c...

458

Is there a role for genetics in economic development?  

E-print Network

possibility is that genetic di¤erences may play a role in explaining di¤erences in economic development in the original). Their mechanism relies instead in an assumed relationship between genetic and cultural distance a single, parent population. The authors then assume that the longer the time since divergence the greater

Glasgow, University of

459

Socio-Economic Development and Gender Inequality in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender discrimination in India affects poor women's socio-economic development. This paper describes and interprets recurrent themes indicating that the Indian government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other international human rights organizations show growing concerns regarding gender inequality in India. As it is not within the…

Razvi, Meena; Roth, Gene L.

2004-01-01

460

World without end: Economics, environment, and sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volume is the outcome of several years of research, fieldwork, and policy advice concerned with the rapidly growing subject of environmental economics in developing countries. The authors make no claim to originality of research and have borrowed freely from the existing literature. In at least two respects, however, the volume is unique. First, it uses a great deal of

D. W. Pearce; J. J. Warford

1993-01-01

461

The Benefits of Early Child Development Programs: An Economic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a framework for estimating the economic benefits of early child development (ECD) programs and applies the framework to preliminary data from the Bolivian ECD program (known as the PIDI Project). The evaluation quantifies the benefits of increased lifetime productivity as a result of ECD enrollment. The evaluation also takes…

van der Gaag, Jacques; Tan, Jee-Peng

462

Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between economic development and environmental quality is analyzed econometrically for a large sample of countries over time. The results indicate that some indicators improve with rising incomes (like water and sanitation), others worsen and then improve (particulates and sulfur oxides), and others worsen steadily (dissolved oxygen in rivers, municipal solid wastes, and carbon emissions). Growth tends to be

Nemat Shafik

1994-01-01

463

Human Geography Data and Mapping for Economic Development & Livelihoods  

E-print Network

Human Geography Data and Mapping for Economic Development & Livelihoods 27 June 2012 World Bank, Washington D.C. We are pleased to announce the World-Wide Human Geography Data Working Group meeting on 27 partnerships around human geography data and mapping focused on the general principle of making appropriate

Giles, C. Lee

464

Parenting and Child Development. Vocational Home Economics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, developed for use in secondary vocational home economics education in Texas, is correlated closely with the essential elements prescribed by the State Board of Education. The competencies in each guide are the essential elements, and the subcompetencies are the subelements prescribed in the Texas Administrative Codes for…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

465

Investment Security as a Factor of Steady Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article argues for the growing role of economic security factors in the situation of post-crisis development. The paper is focused on the problem of investment security of the national economy. The article contains the definition of investment security and its basic criteria. The author designates major directions and tools of the state policy directed at maintenance of investment security

S. NARYSHKIN

2010-01-01

466

Telecommunications Infrastructure and Economic Development: A Simultaneous Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate how telecommunications infrastructure affects economic growth. We use evidence from 21 OECD countries over a 20-year period to examine the impacts that telecommunications developments may have had. We jointly estimate a micromodel for telecommunication investment with a macro production function. We find evidence of a significant positive causal link, especially when a critical mass of

Lars-Hendrik Roller; Leonard Waverman

2001-01-01

467

Role of Siberia's territories in the economic development of Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of Russia's largest macroregion, Siberia, in the economic development of the country is demonstrated. The emphasis is on examining the delimitation of Siberia, and on substantiating its paramount spatial, resource and ecological significance. An economicgeographical analysis of the consequences of the macroregion's inland location is carried out.

L. A. Bezrukov; L. M. Korytny

2009-01-01

468

Developing Transferable Research Skills in First Year Agricultural Economics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A problem-based learning approach was adopted for a unit of study in first year agricultural economics at the University of Sydney with the aim of starting development of students' research skills earlier than usual. The novel teaching approach employed a structured and guided problem activity in the first semester and progressed to a more…

Koppi, Tony; Nolan, Elizabeth; Field, Damien

2010-01-01

469

Energy Costs, Economic and Environmental Analysis Course Development Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on energy costs as well as economic and environmental analysis. Topics include utility rate analysis, simple payback analysis, compound interest and more. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

470

Position Description Project Manager, Office of Community and Economic Development  

E-print Network

Position Description Project Manager, Office of Community and Economic Development Full-time Administrative Professional Position Job Description: As part of our team, this Project Manager position and staff. This is a full-time, 12-month Administrative Professional Manager position that reports jointly

471

Contributions of Home-Based Businesses to Regional Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home-based businesses (HBBs) are the most dominant form of enterprise and the fastest growing business segment in most Western economies. HBBs have raised significant government interest based on their potential to deliver economic development and growth for the communities that they operate in. While international knowledge of the home-based sector is growing in the areas of HBB occurrence, operator characteristics

Calvin Wang; Elizabeth Walker; Janice Redmond; John Breen

2009-01-01

472

Commercialization of University Research for Technology-Based Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study investigates the hypothesized relationship between US federally funded university research and development (R&D) and its resulting economic impact, as measured by the level of licensing revenue generated by US universities. The author also examines the key operating statistics of the top-ten licensing income-producing…

Ferguson, W. Ker

2011-01-01

473

Attracting, Developing, and Maintaining Human Capital: A New Model for Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Investing in Kids: Early Childhood Programs and Local Economic Development," a 2011 book by Timothy Bartik, Senior Economist at the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, provides a new evidence-based approach for effective economic development. This approach is designed to support business growth and job creation by improving worker…

America's Promise Alliance (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

474

The Barrow Island oilfield development plan, Western Australia  

SciTech Connect

Barrow Island lies 55 kms off the coast of Western Australia, 90 kms north-northeast of Onslow and 1300 kms north of Perth. Oil production began on Barrow Island in 1967 with the 250 millionth barrel being produced in 1992. By 1991, the island had reached the point where: The field, as currently defined, would reach its economic limit early in the next century if operating expenses remained constant and Operating expense was most likely to rise, as aging facilities and infrastructure required increasing maintenance and/or environmental enhancements. In 1991, studies were triggered to develop an integrated plan for Barrow Island to maximize Net Present Value, targeting both increasing reserves and decreasing operating costs. The studies focused on developing answers to the following four questions: Where is the remaining oil? How can oil recovery be improved? How can current operations be improved? What is the optimal plan for the field? The outcome of the 3 year study has provided answers to these four questions, combining to maximize NPV and possibly result in another 15-25 years of field life.

Bartlett, R.M. [West Australian Petroleum Pty. Limited, Perth (Australia)

1996-12-31

475

The Barrow Island oilfield development plan, Western Australia  

SciTech Connect

Barrow Island lies 55 kms off the coast of Western Australia, 90 kms north-northeast of Onslow and 1300 kms north of Perth. Oil production began on Barrow Island in 1967 with the 250 millionth barrel being produced in 1992. By 1991, the island had reached the point where: The field, as currently defined, would reach its economic limit early in the next century if operating expenses remained constant and Operating expense was most likely to rise, as aging facilities and infrastructure required increasing maintenance and/or environmental enhancements. In 1991, studies were triggered to develop an integrated plan for Barrow Island to maximize Net Present Value, targeting both increasing reserves and decreasing operating costs. The studies focused on developing answers to the following four questions: Where is the remaining oil How can oil recovery be improved How can current operations be improved What is the optimal plan for the field The outcome of the 3 year study has provided answers to these four questions, combining to maximize NPV and possibly result in another 15-25 years of field life.

Bartlett, R.M. (West Australian Petroleum Pty. Limited, Perth (Australia))

1996-01-01

476

Geothermal development plan: Cochise/Santa Cruz Counties  

SciTech Connect

The Cochise/Santa Cruz Counties Area Development Plan evaluated the regional market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified three potential geothermal resource areas with potential for resource temperatures less than 90/sup 0/C (194/sup 0/F). Geothermal resources are found to occur near the towns of Willcox, San Simon, and Bowier. Population growth rates are expected to average three percent per year over the next 30 years in Willcox; Bowie and San Simon are expected to grow much slower. Regional employment is based on agriculture and copper mining, though future growth in trade, services and international trade is expected. A regional energy-use analysis is also included. Urban use, copper mining and agriculture are the principal water users in the region and substantial reductions in water use are anticipated in the future. The development plan also contains a section identifying potential geothermal energy users in the region. Geothermal energy utilization projections suggest that by the year 2000, geothermal energy might economically provide the energy equivalent of 3,250,000 barrels of oil per year to the industrial sector. In addition, geothermal energy utilization might help stimulate an agricultural and livestock processing industry.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

477

Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Health Organisation's (WHO) Commission on Macroeconomics and Health yesterday released this 210-page report on the role of health in global economic development. The Commission, which was established in January of last year, finds "that extending the coverage of crucial health services, including a relatively small number of specific interventions, to the world's poor could save millions of lives each year, reduce poverty, spur economic development, and promote global security." The report recommends an effort on the part of developing and developed nations alike and argues that millions of lives would be saved annually if cooperating countries invested one tenth of one percent of national income. At the site, users can download the report in full or by section.

2001-01-01

478

Tourism development and economic growth: A closer look at panels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applies the new heterogeneous panel cointegration technique to re-investigate the long-run comovements and causal relationships between tourism development and economic growth for OECD and nonOECD countries (including those in Asia, Latin America and Sub-Sahara Africa) for the 1990–2002 period. On the global scale, after allowing for the heterogeneous country effect, a cointegrated relationship between GDP and tourism development

Chien-Chiang Lee; Chun-Ping Chang

2008-01-01

479

75 FR 80850 - Development of Strategic Plan 2011-2015  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...CORPORATION Development of Strategic Plan 2011-2015 AGENCY: Legal Services Corporation. ACTION...develop a Strategic Plan for the years 2011-2015. Toward that end, LSC is soliciting suggestions...new Strategic Plan for the years 2011-2015. Toward that end, LSC is soliciting...

2010-12-23

480

Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China  

PubMed Central

Despite their value, coastal ecosystems are globally threatened by anthropogenic impacts, yet how these impacts are driven by economic development is not well understood. We compiled a multifaceted dataset to quantify coastal trends and examine the role of economic growth in China's coastal degradation since the 1950s. Although China's coastal population growth did not change following the 1978 economic reforms, its coastal economy increased by orders of magnitude. All 15 coastal human impacts examined increased over time, especially after the reforms. Econometric analysis revealed positive relationships between most impacts and GDP across temporal and spatial scales, often lacking dropping thresholds. These relationships generally held when influences of population growth were addressed by analyzing per capita impacts, and when population density was included as explanatory variables. Historical trends in physical and biotic indicators showed that China's coastal ecosystems changed little or slowly between the 1950s and 1978, but have degraded at accelerated rates since 1978. Thus economic growth has been the cause of accelerating human damage to China's coastal ecosystems. China's GDP per capita remains very low. Without strict conservation efforts, continuing economic growth will further degrade China's coastal ecosystems. PMID:25104138

He, Qiang; Bertness, Mark D.; Bruno, John F.; Li, Bo; Chen, Guoqian; Coverdale, Tyler C.; Altieri, Andrew H.; Bai, Junhong; Sun, Tao; Pennings, Steven C.; Liu, Jianguo; Ehrlich, Paul R.; Cui, Baoshan

2014-01-01

481

Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite their value, coastal ecosystems are globally threatened by anthropogenic impacts, yet how these impacts are driven by economic development is not well understood. We compiled a multifaceted dataset to quantify coastal trends and examine the role of economic growth in China's coastal degradation since the 1950s. Although China's coastal population growth did not change following the 1978 economic reforms, its coastal economy increased by orders of magnitude. All 15 coastal human impacts examined increased over time, especially after the reforms. Econometric analysis revealed positive relationships between most impacts and GDP across temporal and spatial scales, often lacking dropping thresholds. These relationships generally held when influences of population growth were addressed by analyzing per capita impacts, and when population density was included as explanatory variables. Historical trends in physical and biotic indicators showed that China's coastal ecosystems changed little or slowly between the 1950s and 1978, but have degraded at accelerated rates since 1978. Thus economic growth has been the cause of accelerating human damage to China's coastal ecosystems. China's GDP per capita remains very low. Without strict conservation efforts, continuing economic growth will further degrade China's coastal ecosystems.

He, Qiang; Bertness, Mark D.; Bruno, John F.; Li, Bo; Chen, Guoqian; Coverdale, Tyler C.; Altieri, Andrew H.; Bai, Junhong; Sun, Tao; Pennings, Steven C.; Liu, Jianguo; Ehrlich, Paul R.; Cui, Baoshan

2014-08-01

482

Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China.  

PubMed

Despite their value, coastal ecosystems are globally threatened by anthropogenic impacts, yet how these impacts are driven by economic development is not well understood. We compiled a multifaceted dataset to quantify coastal trends and examine the role of economic growth in China's coastal degradation since the 1950s. Although China's coastal population growth did not change following the 1978 economic reforms, its coastal economy increased by orders of magnitude. All 15 coastal human impacts examined increased over time, especially after the reforms. Econometric analysis revealed positive relationships between most impacts and GDP across temporal and spatial scales, often lacking dropping thresholds. These relationships generally held when influences of population growth were addressed by analyzing per capita impacts, and when population density was included as explanatory variables. Historical trends in physical and biotic indicators showed that China's coastal ecosystems changed little or slowly between the 1950s and 1978, but have degraded at accelerated rates since 1978. Thus economic growth has been the cause of accelerating human damage to China's coastal ecosystems. China's GDP per capita remains very low. Without strict conservation efforts, continuing economic growth will further degrade China's coastal ecosystems. PMID:25104138

He, Qiang; Bertness, Mark D; Bruno, John F; Li, Bo; Chen, Guoqian; Coverdale, Tyler C; Altieri, Andrew H; Bai, Junhong; Sun, Tao; Pennings, Steven C; Liu, Jianguo; Ehrlich, Paul R; Cui, Baoshan

2014-01-01

483

The early planning and development of Oklahoma City  

E-print Network

An analysis of the planning, development, and implementation of Oklahoma City's Grand Boulevard. In the early days of 1909, a plan emerged to build an expansive parks and boulevard system to encircle Oklahoma City. Such ...

Humphreys, Blair D. (Blair David)

2009-01-01

484

Environment, health, and sustainable development: the role of economic instruments and policies.  

PubMed Central

Recent years have seen considerable progress in integrating environmental concerns into the mainstream of development policy and planning. Economic instruments designed explicitly for environmental purposes may help to achieve cost-effective solutions, and generate public revenues. Macroeconomic and sectoral policies may impact heavily upon the environment, and there is much scope for policy reforms that are justified in both economic and environmental terms. Progress in this area has been much more rapid than in the case of health objectives, even though the rationale for environmental improvement is often ultimately related to human health and well-being. It is proposed that lessons from recent experience in the use of economic instruments and policies to achieve environmental objectives are highly relevant for the health sector, which should seek and encourage support for measures that requires consumer and producers of environmentally degrading products to pay for the economic and social costs of the damage resulting from their use. Policy reform at the macroeconomic or sectoral level may yield cost-effective solutions to some health problems, and may even bring about improvements in health status that involve no net cost at all. The countrywide impact of such policies indicate that health agencies, including WHO, should develop the capacity to understand how economic policies and the adjustment process impact upon human health, not only direct through the effect on incomes, but also indirectly, via changes in the natural environment. Ability to conduct rigorous health impact assessment of economic policy reform, which requires a multidisciplinary effort, is a necessary condition if health ministries are to maximize their effectiveness in influencing overall government economic policy. PMID:7614671

Warford, J. J.

1995-01-01

485

NASCOM system development plan: System description, capabilities, and plans, FY 94-2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Nascom System Development Plan (NSDP) for FY 94-2 contains 17 sections. It is a management document containing the approved plan for maintaining the Nascom Network System. Topics covered include an overview of Nascom systems and services, major ground communication support systems, low-speed data system, voice system, high-speed data system, Nascom support for NASA networks, Nascom planning for NASA missions, and network upgrade and advanced systems developments and plans.

1994-01-01

486

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Oregon) Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socioeconomic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

487

Population growth and development planning in Africa.  

PubMed

Some of the consequences of rapid population growth and their implications for the economic development of the Africa region in the 1980s are outlined. The total population of Africa was estimated to be 412 million in 1976, or 10.2% of the total world population of 4044 million. Population density of the region is comparatively low, but the crude density measure of 14 persons per square kilometer in 1977 obscures the very high percentage of Africa's land which is desert or otherwise not arable. Continued high fertility rates in the region coupled with substantial decline in mortality rates especially for infants and children has resulted in Africa having a youthful population. The growth of cities due primarily to rural-urban migration is 1 of the most pressing problems of the region. Some countries in the region maintain pronatalist policies because they have a small population and regard population growth as a stimulus to the socioeconomic development effort. Few countries such as Kenya, Mauritius, Egypt, and Morocco consider rapid population growth a constraint on their development efforts and are now implementing national policies which aim at reducing the rate of growth of their populations. Population problems in Africa arise mainly from the fact that additions to the population needing education, housing, employment and to be fed adequately are increasing at a rate far more than most African countries can cope with. To illustrate the potential impact of population factors on development, the potential relationships between population and health, education, food supply, labor force supply and employment are analyzed. PMID:12263333

1980-12-01

488

Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan  

SciTech Connect

The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

Ramachandran, Pavit, E-mail: pramachandran@adb.org [Environment Specialist (Regional Cooperation), Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila (Philippines); Linde, Lothar, E-mail: lothar.linde@yahoo.de [Asian Development Bank Greater Mekong Subregion Environment Operations Center (RETA 6289), The Offices at Central World 23F, Bangkok (Thailand)

2011-11-15

489

Economic Efficiency Analysis for Information Technology in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem statement: The introduction of Information Technology (IT) to government institutions in developing countries bears a great deal of risk of failure. The lack of qualified personnel, lack of financial support and the lack o f planning and proper justification are just few of the causes of projects failure. Study presented in this study focused on the justification issue of

Ghassan F. Issa; Shakir M. Hussain; Hussein Al-Bahadili

2009-01-01

490

Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida and St. Johns County  

E-print Network

Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida and St. Johns County Economics Department #12;i Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida....................................................................................................................ii Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida.................1 Introduction

Florida, University of

491

Valuing fire planning alternatives in forest restoration: using derived demand to integrate economics with ecological restoration.  

PubMed

Assessing the value of fire planning alternatives is challenging because fire affects a wide array of ecosystem, market, and social values. Wildland fire management is increasingly used to address forest restoration while pragmatic approaches to assessing the value of fire management have yet to be developed. Earlier approaches to assessing the value of forest management relied on connecting site valuation with management variables. While sound, such analysis is too narrow to account for a broad range of ecosystem services. The metric fire regime condition class (FRCC) was developed from ecosystem management philosophy, but it is entirely biophysical. Its lack of economic information cripples its utility to support decision-making. We present a means of defining and assessing the deviation of a landscape from its desired fire management condition by re-framing the fire management problem as one of derived demand. This valued deviation establishes a performance metric for wildland fire management. Using a case study, we display the deviation across a landscape and sum the deviations to produce a summary metric. This summary metric is used to assess the value of alternative fire management strategies on improving the fire management condition toward its desired state. It enables us to identify which sites are most valuable to restore, even when they are in the same fire regime condition class. The case study site exemplifies how a wide range of disparate values, such as watershed, wildlife, property and timber, can be incorporated into a single landscape assessment. The analysis presented here leverages previous research on environmental capital value and non-market valuation by integrating ecosystem management, restoration, and microeconomics. PMID:24878985

Rideout, Douglas B; Ziesler, Pamela S; Kernohan, Nicole J

2014-08-01

492

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development was started in 1987 by Professors Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt. The Project's primary goal is "to understand and foster the conditions under which sustained, self-determined social and economic development is achieved among American Indian nations." To accomplish this goal, the Project has sponsored a number of conferences and events, and as also offered advisory services to interested persons and tribal leaders. The "Publications" area is a good way to take a look at the fruits of their labors, as it includes the archives of the Joint Occasional Papers on Native Affairs and a variety of field reports, such as "Renewing Beauty: Options for Navajo Land Management and Decision Making".

493

Solar thermal upper stage: Economic advantage and development status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A solar thermal upper stage (STUS) is envisioned as a propulsive concept for the future. The STUS will be used for low Earth orbit (LEO) to geostationary-Earth orbit (GEO) transfer and for planetary exploration missions. The STUS offers significant performance gains over conventional chemical propulsion systems. These performance gains translate into a more economical, more efficient method of placing useful payloads in space and maximizing the benefits derived from space activity. This paper will discuss the economical advantages of an STUS compared to conventional chemical propulsion systems, the potential market for an STUS, and the recent activity in the development of an STUS. The results of this assessment combined with the performance gains, will provide a strong justification for the development of an STUS.

Adams, Alan M.

1995-01-01

494

FOREST RESOURCES PLANNING IN THE SCOPE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of sustainable development has been based on the illusion that we can have it all. Sustainable development is an oxymoron, suggesting that it can be sustained ecosystem functioning while achieving steady economic growth. In parts of the world where poverty reduces people's capacity to use forests and other ecosystems in ways that protect ecosystem functioning, some economic growth

ÖZDEN GÖRÜCÜ

495

Policy planning simulation for world regional development and equity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a policy impact study using an interregional world economic model focusing on regional disparities and unequal development. A four-region world economic system is represented by a global econometric model, model COLD. 1 One region represents the socialist countries; another, a petroleum exporting region represented by the OPEC 2 nations; a third, the developed capitalist and industrialized nations

Miguel L. Cordova

1985-01-01

496

Tourism's Impact on Economic Growth and Development in Spain  

E-print Network

Tourism's Impact on Economic Growth and Development in Spain Jessica Dennis #12;Spanish Civil War,500,000,000 International Tourism Receipts 1960-2008 (US$ in year 2000) #12;$0 $200,000,000,000 $400,000,000,000 $600 (US$ in the year 2000) #12;0.00% 1.00% 2.00% 3.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% International Tourism Receipts

New Hampshire, University of

497

USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

2005-05-01

498

CO2 Emission Reduction Strategies and Economic Development of India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the consequences of alternative CO2 emission reduction strategies on economic development and, in particular, the implications for the poor by empirically implementing an economy-wide model for India over a 35-year time horizon. A multi-sectoral, inter-temporal model in the activity analysis framework is used for this purpose. The model with specific technological alternatives, endogenous income distribution, truly dynamic

N. Satyanarayana Murthy; Manoj Panda; Kirit Parikh

2007-01-01

499

ANU ADMINISTRATION REVIEWS Guide to development of Implementation Plans  

E-print Network

of the implementation plan consistent with the timing identified in the ANU Administration Reviews Procedures ANU ADMINISTRATION REVIEWS Guide to development of Implementation Plans Introduction The purpose of this document is to provide advice on the preparation of the post-review implementation plan

Botea, Adi

500

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development  

E-print Network

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development RELATIONSHIP OF THE POWER PLAN TO THE FISH AND WILDLIFE The Power Act requires that the Council's power plan and Bonneville's resource acquisition program and to accommodate system operations to benefit fish and wildlife. The central purpose of this chapter of the power