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1

Strategic Planning for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship of postsecondary education to the economy in Ohio is discussed. Attention is focused on efforts of the Ohio Board of Regents and the Ohio Department of Development to foster economic development and revitalization. Information is included on the Ohio Board of Regents'"Master Plan for Higher Education," along with initiatives for…

Groff, Warren H.

2

Regional planning tensions: planning for economic growth and sustainable development in two contrasting English regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new regional governance arrangements for England are raising profound challenges for the integration of planning, sustainable-development, and economic-development strategies. The authors examine how tensions are emerging in respect of efforts to provide employment sites for large-scale inward investments, using the contrasting experiences of the South East and North East of England during the period 1997 - 2001. Some major

David Counsell; Graham Haughton

2003-01-01

3

Economic Development Program Funding Plan: 1992-93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1988, the Chancellor's Office of the California Community Colleges (CCC) established an Economic Development Program (EDP) to support community colleges' efforts to provide education, training, and technical services to business and industry. The EDP's mission was to establish model programs, demonstration projects, and college/business…

Stanley, Pat; Prentiss, John

4

Miller Beach 30-Year Plan: Sustainable Economic Development in Gary's Lakefront Neighborhood  

E-print Network

Miller Beach 30-Year Plan: Sustainable Economic Development in Gary's Lakefront Neighborhood #12 Madeline Grennan Ricardo Lopez Jason Miranda Bailey Muller Alma Tello Kyle Terry #12;Miller Beach_______________________________________________________________58 #12;vision We envision Miller Beach as a place that continues to embrace its increasingly diverse

Illinois at Chicago, University of

5

December 4, 2012 [DRAFT] San Diego State University Strategic Plan: Economic Development Working Group  

E-print Network

December 4, 2012 [DRAFT] San Diego State University Strategic Plan: Economic Development Working Group Report Introduction Communities have come to recognize the importance of "anchor institutions.S. innovations in the last two decades have come from partnerships involving business and government, including

Ponce, V. Miguel

6

Institutional Design for Strategic Environmental Assessment on Urban Economic and Social Development Planning in China  

SciTech Connect

The National Economic and Social Development Plans (NESDPs) of cities in China, given their comprehensive, integrated and strategic nature, have significant and profound impacts on the development of cities and their embedded ecological environments. Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEAs) on city NESDPs have the potential to improve environmental policy integration at strategic level and to safeguard the sustainable development of cities. However, these plans are normally exempted from the current SEA requirement in China. We argue that it is more feasible to apply SEAs on city NESDPs before SEAs are expanded to higher level NESDPs in China. This article attempts to propose a China-specific institutional design for SEAs on city NESDPs based on experiments in selected cities and within the current legal framework. To obtain a holistic view about the long-term development of cities, more qualitative and descriptive analysis-based assessment methods should be adopted to broaden participation, to encourage the exchange of information and to reach consensus. - Highlights: > National Economic and Social Development Plans for Cities (NESDPs) in China is a very popular and significant decision made by municipal government. > We propose a institutional framework to conduct strategic environmental assessment to NESDPs. > The key features of the institutional framework are the independent SEA approval committee and a professional consulting agency.

Song Guojun, E-mail: Songguojun@vip.sohu.com; Zhou Li; Zhang Lei

2011-11-15

7

The Economics of Inequality in Education. Studies in Economic Development and Planning, No. 44.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the various economic facets of inequality in education in India. The specific focus is on inter-group inequalities, such as inequality between males and females and between backward and advanced castes. It is hypothesized that returns to education accrue differently to different groups of population and…

Tilak, Jandhyala B. G.

8

Essays on development economics  

E-print Network

This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

2007-01-01

9

Economics Lesson Plans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Creating interesting and compelling lessons in Economics can present several unique challenges. Fortunately, the Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning organization has brought together a number of fine instructional resources for use by educators. These lesson plans and other activities are divided into thematic areas, such as economic decision-making, goods and services, savings, along with fifteen other headings. The resources are culled from a variety of sources, including the National Council of Economic Education, community college professors, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.

10

ICT, Education Transformation, and Economic Development: An Analysis of the US National Educational Technology Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In support of the conclusions and recommendations in the National Education Technology Plan (NETP), this article makes explicit the connections between the economic rationale used in the plan and the educational transformations it recommends. The article reviews macroeconomic research, microeconomic research, labor market and workforce studies,…

Kozma, Robert B.

2011-01-01

11

Economic, social, and environmental sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In ten years, more than half the world's population will be living in cities. The United Nations (UN) has stated that this will threaten cities with social conflict, environmental degradation and the collapse of basic services. The economic, social, and environmental planning practices of societies embodying ‘urban sustainability’ have been proposed as antidotes to these negative urban trends. ‘Urban sustainability’

A. D. Basiago

1998-01-01

12

Economic development and urbanisation.  

PubMed

Trends in urbanization in developing countries are analyzed, with a focus on the causes of rapid urbanization and particularly on the role of the division of labor. The impact of urbanization on the process of economic development is described. The role of government and of urban planning policies is also considered. PMID:12281551

Harris, N

1988-01-01

13

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CIVIC PARTICIPATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLANNING: TOURISM IN THE VILLAGE OF NORTH UTICA, ILLINOIS  

E-print Network

, and urban planning literatures. As I discuss in subsequent chapters, the village has adopted a participatory approach to economic and municipal planning methods, which seeks to incorporate village stakeholders in planning processes. The Village of North.... Nonetheless, the findings presented here are consistent with other scholars? assessment of participatory municipal and tourism planning, though I situate Utica?s residents within a larger context and draw additional conclusions. Dissertation Overview...

Spears, Chaya Riannon

2011-04-26

14

11.967 Special Studies in Urban Studies: Economic Development Planning Skills, January (IAP) 2003  

E-print Network

Small group study of advanced subjects under staff supervision. For graduate students wishing to pursue further study in advanced areas of urban studies and city and regional planning not covered in regular subjects of ...

Seidman, Karl F.

15

National Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout the 1990s, Ireland experienced phenomenal growth in the emerging fields of information technologies (including such sectors as website design), and was dubbed the Celtic Tiger, due to its economic success. The country envisions a strong development plan for the coming years, hence the reason for this very site. Ireland's National Development Plan involves an investment of over 52-billion euros of public, private, and EU funds over the period from 2000 to 2006, and involves significant improvements in health services, social housing, education, roads, rural development, and industry. The site itself contains a bevy of documents, such as an executive summary and a complete version of the Development Plan itself, and a project database, which details the status of the hundreds of projects which are an integral part of this ongoing process. Overall, this site will be of great interest to persons working in the field of social policy, planning, and international development schemes.

16

Apples and Oranges Mean a New Fruit Crop: New Business Plan Competition Model Integrates Economic and Community Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mount Wachusett Community College Entrepreneurial Resource Center Business Plan Competition brings together stakeholders across all economic sectors to bolster the regional economy. It also highlights entrepreneurs as a viable career choice. The competition disintegrates existing silos, provides education to all entrants, and gives business…

Feldman, Jacqueline; Oden, Lisa Derby

2007-01-01

17

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777  

E-print Network

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

Almor, Amit

18

Michigan Economic Development Education Manual. Second Printing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual represents an educational program designed for public officials, interested citizens, and professionals interested in improving the economic climate of the municipality or region. Its purpose is to teach economic development skills, thus enabling participants to develop community economic growth plans. Focus is on four essential…

Conboy, Michael, Ed.; Guiles, Roger, Ed.

19

Design for Participatory Development Planning and Economic Self-Determination in Ileho, Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

It should be a straightforward and relatively simple way to approach rural program design in developing regions-ask the community what they want and use those answers to work collaboratively to help develop locally run programs. Unfortunately, few in western Kenya are asking such questions, and few are acting on the answers in rural communities.\\u000aIn May and June of 2010,

Cynthia C Abatt

2011-01-01

20

Wind Economic Development (Postcard)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01

21

What economics courses are there? Economics and International Development  

E-print Network

Economics Essentials What economics courses are there? BA Economics Economics and International Development Economics and International Relations Economics and Politics Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) (p103) BSc Economics Economics and Management Studies Finance and Business (p46) Mathematics

Sussex, University of

22

An Exploratory Study of the Effectiveness of the Staff Development Model and the Research-Based Assessment Plan in Improving the Identification of Gifted Economically Disadvantaged Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph discusses a project involving 246 teachers that investigated a Staff Development Model (SDM) and a Research-Based Assessment Plan (RAP) for their potential to improve the identification and education of gifted students from economically disadvantaged families, some of whom have limited proficiency in the English language. The…

Frasier, Mary M.; Hunsaker, Scott L.; Lee, Jongyeun; Finley, Vernon S.; Garcia, Jaime H.; Martin, Darlene; Frank, Elaine

23

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report A Strategic Plan to Increase Transit Use through the U-Pass Program at UBC Okanagan  

E-print Network

including a triple bottom line assessment of value-added features of the U-Pass program for UBC Okanagan bottom line Assessment of Value-Added Features of U-Pass Components The University of British ColumbiaUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report A Strategic Plan

24

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance. 570.401 Section 570...OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING...adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance. (a) General...

2010-04-01

25

Economic development and fertility.  

PubMed

Two schools of theorists have been concerned with the effect of economic development on fertility. One school has contended that economic development has an inhibiting effect on fertility. The demographic transition which has occurred among the non-developed countries confirms their viewpoint. Another school of thought, including in its members Thomas Malthus, has believed that economic development promoted fertility. Much empirical evidence may also be brought to bear to support this viewpoint.The present paper attempts to reconcile these viewpoints. It is hypothesized that the direct effect of economic development is to increase fertility. However, various factors which usually accompany the process of economic development serve to reduce fertility. These include an increase in the level of education and a reduction in infant and childhood mortality. Making use of data for 41 nations pertaining to the decade of the 1950's, it is found that fertility is directly associated with per capita net national product when controls for other relevant variables are in8tituted. On the other hand, per capita newspaper circulation is inversely related to fertility, and infant mortality is directly related.If the hypothesis advanced in this paper is correct, relatively large governmental expenditures on health and education will enhance the reduction in fertility obtainable from an increase in national economic level alone. PMID:21318713

Heer, D M

1966-06-01

26

International Economic Development Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the International Economic Development Council (IEDC), was created through the merger of existing economic development organizations, effectively creating the nation's largest association working in this realm of public policy. The IEDC's mission is "to provide leadership and excellence in economic development for our communities, members and partners to build economically strong, sustainable communities." While some of the online materials are available only to association members, there is a good deal of material that may be accessed by the general public. Through the online resource center, visitors may access such materials as the Economic Developer's Reference Guide (which provides an overview of such key topics as tourism, venture capital, and empowerment zones) and an overview of ongoing legislative matters that may impact the landscape of economic development. Finally, the site is rounded out by an excellent section dedicated to brownfields redevelopment, which includes a general manual of redevelopment techniques and links to external websites, such as those offered by the Environmental Protection Agency.

27

Spatial policy and planning in Northern Europe: an assessment of recent trends in policy and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial aspects of economic and social cohesion have become a major target in European policy in the last decades. By combining the structural funds with spatial development perspectives, the recently introduced concept of territorial cohesion obviously functions as link between EU regional policy and spatial development. In other terms, territorial cohesion should be considered as an umbrella concept complementing and

Andreas P. Cornett; Frank Othengrafen

2011-01-01

28

Health economics in developing countries.  

PubMed

The interpretation of health economics chosen for this paper is broad. It includes the relation between economic and other factors in health development. This interpretation has been chosen lest the acceptance of a disciplinary approach in the commissioning of papers should have the unintended effect of excluding some key areas of research which require the consideration of crucial interrelationships between disciplines. The only justification for covering this area in a paper on economics rather than, for example, epidemiology is that increasingly there is and indeed has to be a heavy focus on costs in considering alternative paths to health development. The word 'research' is loosely interpreted and not restricted to the type of activity which could lead to the award of a PhD. The compilation of experience in many areas is, in the view of the author, a priority need, to plan where further research and experiment is needed. PMID:2503621

Abel-Smith, B

1989-08-01

29

DEVELOPING STATEWIDE WATER RESOURCE PLANS  

E-print Network

population and economic growth · Competition/conflict for water for different uses · Lack of sufficient/Methodology Development Data Collection Analysis #12;Common Characteristics of State Planning · Each state's approach comprehensive planning ­ To quantify/identify current and future needs ­ To quantify supply ­ To evaluate

Soerens, Thomas

30

Strategic Plan for 2020 Department of Economics  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan for 2020 Department of Economics E. J. Ourso College of Business MISSION AND VISION The mission of the Department of Economics is to enhance the reputation of the Department, the College scholars and teachers. Our vision is to be recognized as an excellent and nationally recognized economics

31

Economic growth models and regional steady-state planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic theme of steady-state economics is the finiteness of the natural environment, which is the underlying theme of this paper. Inseparably linked to this idea is the question of regional economic growth and development. Some recent and not-so-recent models of economic growth are examined in the context of their theoretical usefulness in steady state economic planning. A useful categorization

JOHN M. GOWDY

1979-01-01

32

Professionalizing the Economic Developer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an emerging profession, economic development has standards of professionalism that are not yet completely defined. Demands for recognition and expectations of greater accountability are leading to necessary improvements in training and performance. Requirements of the profession include unique interdisciplinary skills (leadership, theoretical,…

Waterhouse, Mark D.

1997-01-01

33

Economic Development and Consortia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Dallas (Texas)-based Alliance for Higher Education is a consortium of colleges, universities, corporations, hospitals, and other nonprofit organizations that strategically links business and higher education through distance education initiatives. The consortium has created an infrastructure that supports economic development in the…

Watson, Allan; Jordan, Linda

1999-01-01

34

Planning & Campus Development  

E-print Network

Planning & Campus Development Org Chart Mission/Vision Contact Us University Planning Space: Reasonable Accommodation Request Form #5 Space Planning Relocation Space Planning (SM) Surge Space & Back-Fill Analysis Feasibility Assessments ISS Collaborative Projects Grant Development Space Database (FAMIS) SOP

Maccabe, Barney

35

Site Development Planning Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Handbook provides facility managers and site planners at DOE organizations responsible for planning site developments and facilities utilization a step-by-step planning checklist to ensure that planners at each site are focusing on Department-wide goals and objectives. It begins with a brief discussion of a site development-by-objectives program design to promote, recognize, and implement opportunities for improvements in site utilization through planning. Additional information is included on: assembling existing data, plans, programs, and procedures; establishing realistic objectives; identifying site problems, opportunities; and development needs; determining priorities among development needs; developing short and long-range plans; choosing the right development solutions and meeting minimum legal site restrictions; presenting the plan; implementing elements of the plan; monitoring and reporting plan status; and modifying development program plans. (MCW)

None

1981-01-01

36

Home Economics Related Occupations Training Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A framework is provided for teacher use in coordinating related classroom instruction, vocational homemaking student career objectives, and planned training station learning experiences. The details were prepared and revised by students of Home Economics Related Occupations 585 at Indiana State University. Child care occupation plans include those…

Kupsinel, P., Ed.

37

A Systematic Review of Cost-Sharing Strategies Used within Publicly-Funded Drug Plans in Member Countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development  

PubMed Central

Background Publicly-funded drug plans vary in strategies used and policies employed to reduce continually increasing pharmaceutical expenditures. We systematically reviewed the utilization of cost-sharing strategies and physician-directed prescribing regulations in publicly-funded formularies within member nations of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Methods & Findings Using the OECD nations as the sampling frame, a search for cost-sharing strategies and physician-directed prescribing regulations was done using published and grey literature. Collected data was verified by a system expert within the prescription drug insurance plan in each country, to ensure the accuracy of key data elements across plans. Significant variation in the use of cost-sharing mechanisms was seen. Copayments were the most commonly used cost-containment measure, though their use and amount varied for those with certain conditions, most often chronic diseases (in 17 countries), and by socio-economic status (either income or employment status), or with age (in 15 countries). Caps and deductibles were only used by five systems. Drug cost-containment strategies targeting physicians were also identified in 24 countries, including guideline-based prescribing, prescription monitoring and incentive structures. Conclusions There was variable use of cost-containment strategies to limit pharmaceutical expenditures in publicly funded formularies within OECD countries. Further research is needed to determine the best approach to constrain costs while maintaining access to pharmaceutical drugs. PMID:24618721

Barnieh, Lianne; Clement, Fiona; Harris, Anthony; Blom, Marja; Donaldson, Cam; Klarenbach, Scott; Husereau, Don; Lorenzetti, Diane; Manns, Braden

2014-01-01

38

Tourism Planning and Development Required Courses  

E-print Network

Tourism Planning and Development Required Courses TOUR 400, Introduction to Tourism EREC 411 and Applications TOUR 560, Special Topics (8 credits) CEP 614, Fundamentals of Planning TOUR 615, Tourism Planning and Development TOUR 633, Economics of Travel and Tourism TOUR 700, Marketing Communications

New Hampshire, University of

39

Economics, Social Science and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development economics nowadays is mainstream economics applied to poor countries. An examination of the core principles of mainstream economics reveals tremendous strengths, but also tremendous weaknesses. Other disciplines, such as sociology, anthropology and political science, have complementary strengths that suggest a role for them as equal partners in development studies and policy. The argument for a partnership of disciplines is

Ravi Kanbur

2002-01-01

40

The common law as central economic planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central economic planning traditionally has set goals and allocated resources by supplanting the price system with central\\u000a direction. Planners engaged in industry-by-industry and firm-by-firm decision making, all to achieve predetermined targets.\\u000a The neoclassical approach to law and economics posits that common law judges engage in a similar activity, in rendering decisions\\u000a that maximize wealth. A significant feature of this approach

Peter H. Aranson

1992-01-01

41

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Centre for Sustainable Information Management: A Business Plan  

E-print Network

Mountain (IM) and BC Records Management Services (BCRMS). Unfortunately, there are several problems Information Management: A Business Plan Jeff Svanhill Jennifer Hume Liya Zhuang Perry Sih Ryan Zhang MBA UBC FT MBA 2013 | Project 2 12/5/2011 Centre for Sustainable Information Management: A Business Plan

42

Planning, Management, and Economics of Airport Operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the role of the airport in the transportation complex and in the community is presented. The establishment of the airport including its requirements in regional planning and the operation of the airport as a social and economic force are discussed.

Wiley, J.

1972-01-01

43

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives  

E-print Network

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics ­ Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives The program will prepare graduates: 1. Understand the "economic way model economic decisions. 3. The ability to analyze historical and current events

Cantlon, Jessica F.

44

Strategic prediction of the business cycle using the fuzzy regression model: a study of the Council of Economic Planning and Development in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the current business cycle of a nation is essential for individuals, enterprises, and the government in order to make appropriate strategic decisions and take advantage of business opportunities. At a specific period of economic activities, the business cycle develops moderately and may lead to negative growth or economic recession when the economic activity expands to the peak. Business cycle

Lisa Y. Chen; Bahaudin G. Mujtaba

2010-01-01

45

Towards a computer-aided economic planning support system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this paper are (i) to outline a conceptual framework of a computer-based DSS directed to support the development planning process, and (ii) to present the main features and structure of a model-based management system designed to assist in formulating and testing medium-term economic plans. The system has proven to be useful for organizing, systemizing and supporting the

Motaz Khorshid

1995-01-01

46

EMI Registry Development Plan  

E-print Network

This documents describes the overall development plan of the EMI Registry product, the plan focuses on the realisation of the EMI Registry specification as defined in the document. It is understood that during the course of the development phase the specification will likely evolve and the changes will be fed into the specification document.

Memon, S.; Szigeti, G.; Field, L.

2012-01-01

47

Metals technology development plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the plan for the metals technology development required to support the design of the MHTGR within the US National Gas-Cooled Reactor Program. Besides descriptions of the required technology development, cost estimates, and schedules, the plan also includes the associated design functions and design requirements.

Betts, W.S.

1987-03-01

48

Beyond Responsiveness: Promoting Good Practice in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the involvement of further education (FE) colleges in England and Wales in economic development and presents case studies of good practice in nine FE colleges. Chapter 1 addresses FE's role in economic development and measuring and planning economic growth. Chapter 2 contains the case studies: Lewisham College's Action for…

Hughes, Maria; Kypri, Photoula

1998-01-01

49

11.202 Gateway: Planning Economics, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

Planning Economics (11.202) is a course that runs for the last one-third of a semester and covers economics topics of particular interest to city planning students: location theory, the interplay between externalities and ...

Levy, Frank

50

Frontiers and sustainable economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploiting new resource “frontiers,” such as agricultural land and mineral reserves, is a fundamental feature of economic\\u000a development in poor economies. Yet frontier-based development is symptomatic of a pattern of economy-wide resource exploitation\\u000a in developing economies that: (a) generates little additional economic rents, and (b) what rents are generated are not being\\u000a reinvested in other sectors. Such development is inherently

Edward B. Barbier

2007-01-01

51

Three essays in development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis seeks to analyze two questions central to the economic welfare of rural households in developing countries: the trade-offs between equity and efficiency induced by hybrid forms of property rights, and the ...

Leight, Jessica E. (Jessica Ellen)

2013-01-01

52

Essays in development economics  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 looks at the empirical estimation of the welfare impacts of bargaining. Bargaining for retail goods is common in developing countries, but rare in the developed world. The welfare implications of this difference ...

Keniston, Daniel Eben

2011-01-01

53

Area development plan of the geothermal potential in planning region 8, Roosevelt - Custer area  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal resource data, the Roosevelt-Custer Region development plan, and energy, economic, and institutional considerations are presented. Environmental considerations and water availability are discussed. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01

54

Guidelines for Analysis of Environmental Health Planning in Developing Countries. Volume 2: Environmental Health Planning. International Health Planning Methods Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist Agency for International Development (AID) officers, advisors, and health officials in incorporating health planning into national plans for economic development, this second of ten manuals in the International Health Planning Methods Series deals with assessment, planning, and evaluation in the field of environmental health.…

Fraser, Renee White; Shani, Hadasa

55

An Integrative Economic Optimization Approach to Systems Development Risk Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite significant research progress on the problem of managing systems development risk, we are yet to see this problem addressed from an economic optimization perspective. Doing so entails answering the question: What mitigations should be planned and deployed throughout the life of a systems development project in order to control risk and maximize project value? We introduce an integrative economic

Michel Benaroch; James Goldstein

2009-01-01

56

Modelling sustainable development planning: A multicriteria decision conferencing approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development planning is multidimensional in nature. On the one hand, it addresses economic growth, and on the other, it deals with economic development of the whole nation. Sustainable development, on the other hand, emphasizes the need for integration of economics and environment, as well as promoting intra- and intergenerational equity. While the literature deals extensively with the issues of sustainable

M. A. Quaddus; M. A. B. Siddique

2001-01-01

57

ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although sustainability became a watchword in recent years, the idea is by no means new. It has a long tradition in various domains ranging from a basic forestry principle, to economic growth and nature conservation objectives, and the present challenge of sustainable development. The latter does not only involve an extremely important transformation of the ecologically based concept of physical

Werner Hediger

1997-01-01

58

Research and Economic Development at  

E-print Network

by the committee and assignment of a protocol number. ANIMALS: All research using animals, whether or not it is funded, must be reviewed by the UCR Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). Research canResearch and Economic Development at UC Riverside Michael Pazzani Vice Chancellor for Research

59

Center for Community and Economic Development  

E-print Network

Center for Community and Economic Development Building Prosperity through Innovative Development environments to support innovative learning in community and economic development; · Provide training enterprises, and public institutions; · Conduct and facilitate cutting-edge research to assist the development

60

Economics of health informatics in developing countries.  

PubMed

Health Informatics (HI) has become a world wide issue since 2005 when the WHO Health Metrics Network (HMN) was formed to encourage all of the developing countries (151) to get started in eHealth. Prior to this HMN initiative the only countries with HI in place were the developed countries (40) and a few developing countries (Jamaica, Malaysia, etc.) that were just getting started in HI with a very limited number of applications compared to the developed countries. This paper suggests that much of the experience in HI gained in the developed countries can be shared with the developing countries as 'lessons learnt' - as long as the issue of economics is kept front and foremost in the planning. PMID:21335705

Hébert, Ronald J

2011-01-01

61

Planning Report 05-2 IPv6 Economic  

E-print Network

Planning Report 05-2 IPv6 Economic Impact Assessment Prepared by: RTI International for National;October 2005 IPv6 Economic Impact Assessment Final Report Prepared for Gregory Tassey, Ph.D. National by Michael P. Gallaher, Ph.D. Brent Rowe RTI International Health, Social, and Economics Research Research

62

Is Your Community Ready for Economic Development?  

E-print Network

. Identify the tactics (projects) that are most feasible. 6. Assess the impact and risks. n Be honest now?will it really make a difference? n What is the risk? Usually the greater the pay-off, the greater the risk. 7. Develop action plans to implement each... tactic. n Make sure the tasks and responsibilities are clear. n Make sure they are do-able. 8. Implement. 9. Monitor. 10. Modify. 11. Celebrate! Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics, Acts of Congress...

Saldana, Luis

2003-03-30

63

Homopolar welding development and economics  

SciTech Connect

Homopolar welding (HPW) is a single-shot solid-state resistance forge welding process that is under development as a single-station pipe welding method. Weld quality issues have been addressed by a Joint Industry Program and the process economics favor commercial use. Fielding of a HPW system is dependent on process tooling design, the speed of the process, and the economics of the process. The HPW weld speed of three seconds makes weld advance times of 12 to 20 minutes possible and will result in a large reduction in overall pipeline construction costs. In addition, HPW is an inherently controllable process, so the weld power pulse will be tailorable to meet a variety of weld and material requirements.

Pappas, J.A.; Harville, M.W.; Weldon, J.M. [Parker Kinetic Designs, Inc., Austin, TX (United States); Carnes, R.W.; Hudson, R.S.; Nichols, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Center for Electromechanics

1996-09-01

64

Meeting Summary, Economic Development Panel, Business Meeting No.31  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 The objectives of the meeting were as follows: (1) Learn more about and discuss economic impacts of wind power development in the U.S, highlighting the NWCC report, ''Assessing the Economic Impacts of Wind Power Development''; (2) Learn more about and discuss wind integration costs and the impacts of recent studies on wind energy development; and (3) Review activities and products planned for FY 2004.

Kevin Bryan

2003-06-18

65

Graphite Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This technology development plan is designed to provide a clear understanding of the research and development direction necessary for the qualification of nuclear grade graphite for use within the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) reactor. The NGNP will be a helium gas cooled Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) with a large graphite core. Graphite physically contains the fuel and comprises the majority of the core volume. Considerable effort will be required to ensure that the graphite performance is not compromised during operation. Based upon the perceived requirements the major data needs are outlined and justified from the perspective of reactor design, reatcor performance, or the reactor safety case. The path forward for technology development can then be easily determined for each data need. How the data will be obtained and the inter-relationships between the experimental and modeling activities will define the technology development for graphite R&D. Finally, the variables affecting this R&D program are discussed from a general perspective. Factors that can significantly affect the R&D program such as funding, schedules, available resources, multiple reactor designs, and graphite acquisition are analyzed.

W. Windes; T. Burchell; R. Bratton

2007-09-01

66

The economic consequences of reproductive health and family planning.  

PubMed

We consider the evidence for the effect of access to reproductive health services on the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, and 3, which aim to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, and promote gender equality and empower women. At the household level, controlled trials in Matlab, Bangladesh, and Navrongo, Ghana, have shown that increasing access to family planning services reduces fertility and improves birth spacing. In the Matlab study, findings from long-term follow-up showed that women's earnings, assets, and body-mass indexes, and children's schooling and body-mass indexes, substantially improved in areas with improved access to family planning services compared with outcomes in control areas. At the macroeconomic level, reductions in fertility enhance economic growth as a result of reduced youth dependency and an increased number of women participating in paid labour. PMID:22784535

Canning, David; Schultz, T Paul

2012-07-14

67

Economic analysis for transmission operation and planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Restructuring of the electric power industry has caused dramatic changes in the use of transmission system. The increasing congestion conditions as well as the necessity of integrating renewable energy introduce new challenges and uncertainties to transmission operation and planning. Accurate short-term congestion forecasting facilitates market traders in bidding and trading activities. Cost sharing and recovery issue is a major impediment for long-term transmission investment to integrate renewable energy. In this research, a new short-term forecasting algorithm is proposed for predicting congestion, LMPs, and other power system variables based on the concept of system patterns. The advantage of this algorithm relative to standard statistical forecasting methods is that structural aspects underlying power market operations are exploited to reduce the forecasting error. The advantage relative to previously proposed structural forecasting methods is that data requirements are substantially reduced. Forecasting results based on a NYISO case study demonstrate the feasibility and accuracy of the proposed algorithm. Moreover, a negotiation methodology is developed to guide transmission investment for integrating renewable energy. Built on Nash Bargaining theory, the negotiation of investment plans and payment rate can proceed between renewable generation and transmission companies for cost sharing and recovery. The proposed approach is applied to Garver's six bus system. The numerical results demonstrate fairness and efficiency of the approach, and hence can be used as guidelines for renewable energy investors. The results also shed light on policy-making of renewable energy subsidies.

Zhou, Qun

2011-12-01

68

The Illinois Plan for Home Economics Education. A Curriculum Guide. Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides additional information for teachers and administrators who are implementing the Illinois Plan for Home Economics Education by conducting the several exploratory/orientation courses developed in the curriculum. These six appendixes contain the following: (1) the Illinois Home Economics Sequential Program; (2) a comparison of…

Illinois State Univ., Normal. Dept. of Home Economics.

69

Consolidating Local Economic Development in Post-Apartheid South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the release in 2006 of a national coordinated framework, a new policy maturity has emerged in South Africa around the\\u000a planning of local economic development (LED). In this article, key issues are explored for the consolidation of LED as an\\u000a important aspect of development planning in postapartheid South Africa. Five significant themes are identified as central\\u000a to the consolidation

Christian M. Rogerson

2008-01-01

70

Post-Keynesian economics and sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the relationship between sustainable development and economics. Neoclassical economics with its current methodological approach is not well suited to understand or analyse the problem of sustainable development. Post-Keynesian economics - with its focus on macro and policy outcomes, the role of institutions, uncertainty, historical time, and its criticism of gross substitution and ergodicity - has elements

Richard P. F. Holt

2005-01-01

71

Geothermal development plan: Yuma County  

SciTech Connect

The Yuma County Area Development Plan evaluated the county-wide market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified four potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 90/sup 0/C (194/sup 0/F), and in addition, two areas are inferred to contain geothermal resources with intermediate (90/sup 0/C to 150/sup 0/C, 194/sup 0/F to 300/sup 0/F) temperature potential. The resource areas are isolated, although one resource area is located near Yuma, Arizona. One resource site is inferred to contain a hot dry rock resource. Anticipated population growth in the county is expected to be 2 percent per year over the next 40 years. The primary employment sector is agriculture, though some light industry is located in the county. Water supplies are found to be adequate to support future growth without advese affect on agriculture. Six firms were found in Yuma County which may be able to utilize geothermal energy for process heat needs. In addition, several agricultural processors were found, concentrated in citrus processing and livestock raising. Geothermal energy utilization projections suggest that by the year 2000, geothermal energy may economically provide the energy equivalent of 53,000 barrels of oil per year to the industrial sector if developed privately. Geothermal utilization projections increase to 132,000 barrels of oil per year by 2000 if a municipal utility developed the resource.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

72

A Regional Economic Development Partnership for Community-Based Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florence-Darlington Technical College (FDTC) in Florence, South Carolina, has implemented the Academy for Community College Leadership Advancement, Innovation, and Modeling (ACCLAIM) community-based programming (C-BP) model for developing a regional economic development strategic plan. FDTC offers 27 associate degrees, 10 diplomas, and 9…

Garrett, Rick L.; Parker, Walter A.

73

Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

2013-01-01

74

Essays in experimental and development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three essays on economic development and experimental economics. In Chapter 1, I present experimental evidence about how Thais treat information from domestic and foreign sources. Thai students ...

Healy, Andrew J

2005-01-01

75

Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As many cities have begin to grapple with their vast areas of brownfields that dot the urban landscape, the federal government has begun to step in and provide various financial assistance in order to assist with the redevelopment of abandoned, idled and underused industrial and commercial facilities. This website, provided by the U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development, provides information about the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI), which is a competitive grant program that is meant to serve as a stimulus for local government and private sector parties to start the long redevelopment process. The site contains detailed information about the program, along with archived webcasts that talk about various success stories that have been funded with monies from the program thus far. Also on the site, information is provided about how brownfields are defined and how monies for the program have been distributed to various communities. Finally, visitors will want to take a look at the related publications available here, including those that detail various brownfields initiative and the potential long-term effects of environmental degradation.

76

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2009-2011 Department: Agricultural Economics & Economics  

E-print Network

faculty to carefully evaluate student competencies. Minimum competencies are guaranteed by the requirement of their adult lives. Agricultural Business This assessment plan is a summary of expected student competencies study in business, agricultural economics, economics, or law. Expected Competencies #12;Discipline

Maxwell, Bruce D.

77

Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1988, the World Bank Group (described in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) has addressed issues of economic architecture, corporate governance, crime, land reform, and the economics of transition at the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE). Currently, papers from previous ABCDE's are available online with a keynote addresses, such as by nobel laureate James Tobin, and interested individuals are invited to comment on forthcoming conference papers at the ABCDE homepage.

1988-01-01

78

Entrepreneurship in the field of development economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter aims to explore the role of entrepreneurship in the field of development economics. This is done in a twofold\\u000a manner. First, the chapter asks how the concept of entrepreneurship relates to the study field of development economics. Second,\\u000a the relationship between entrepreneurial activity and economic development is explored by providing a short overview of how\\u000a entrepreneurship differs between

Wim Naudé

79

Geothermal development plan: Maricopa County  

SciTech Connect

The Maricopa County Geothermal Development Plan evaluated the market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified six potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 100{sup 0}C (212{sup 0}F) and in addition, four suspected intermediate temperature areas (90{sup 0} to 150{sup 0}C, 194{sup 0} to 300{sup 0}F). Geothermal resources are found to occur in and near the Phoenix metropolitan area where average population growth rates of two to three percent per year are expected over the next 40 years. Rapid growth in the manufacturing, trade and service sectors of the regional economy provides opportunities for the direct utilization of geothermal energy. A regional energy use analysis is included containing energy use and price projections. Water supplies are found to be adequate to support this growth, though agricultural water use is expected to diminish. The study also contains a detailed section matching geothermal resources to potential users. Two comparative analyses providing economic details for space heating projects are incorporated.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

80

Guidelines for Analysis of Communicable Disease Control Planning in Developing Countries. Volume 1: Communicable Diseases Control Planning. International Health Planning Methods Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist Agency for International Development (AID) officers, advisors, and health officials in incorporating health planning into national plans for economic development, this first of ten manuals in the International Health Planning Methods Series deals with planning and evaluation of communicable disease control programs. The first…

Chin, James

81

Avionics test bed development plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The plan is for a facility for the early investigation and evaluation of new concepts for the control of large space structures, orbiter attached flex body experiments, and orbiter enhancements. This plan outlines a distributed data processing facility that will utilize the current JSC laboratory resources for the test bed development. The future studies required for implementation, the management system

L. H. Harris; J. M. Parks; C. R. Murdock

1981-01-01

82

Business Plan Development Company Description  

E-print Network

by the establishment of additional work stations. Raw materials purchasing and subsequent manufacturing need to be done purchasing and manufacturing under my personal name to-date. The concept of the device I patented market, marketing plan, web development, manufacturing plan to allow for maximum profit margin while

Dahl, David B.

83

Environment, human development and economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, environmental issues have entered into policy design, particularly development and growth policies. Natural resources are considered necessary production inputs and environmental quality is considered a welfare determinant. The integration of environmental issues into economic growth and development theories and empirics is currently widely analyzed in the literature. The effects of natural resources endowment on economic

Valeria Costantini; Salvatore Monni

2008-01-01

84

Environment, Human Development and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, environmental issues have entered into policy design, particularly development and growth policies. Natural resources are considered necessary production inputs and environmental quality is considered a welfare determinant. The integration of environmental issues into economic growth and development theories and empirics is currently widely analyzed in the literature. The effects of natural resources endowment on economic

Valeria Costantini; Salvatore Monni

2006-01-01

85

Environment, human development and economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, environmental issues have entered into policy design, particularly development and growth policies. Natural resources are considered necessary production inputs and environmental quality is considered a welfare determinant. The integration of environmental issues into economic growth and development theories and empirics is currently widely analyzed in the literature. The effects of natural resources endowment on economic

Valeria Costantini; Salvatore Monni

2006-01-01

86

Tribal College Contributions to Local Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes some economic development efforts of the 32 tribal colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. Although the data needed for a comprehensive analysis of the economic impact of tribal colleges are not available, the report argues that the colleges affect local community development on many levels. Specific data…

Cunningham, Alisa Federico

87

Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (Postcard)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the Jobs and Economic Development Benefits model. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the Jobs and Economic Development Benefits model section on the Wind Powering America website.

Not Available

2011-08-01

88

Universities: A Focal Point for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education can act as a focal point of economic development. The most widely recognized type of economic development entails an association between a university, its research facilities, and private industry. An example of this partnership is the one between Stanford University and the industries in the "Silicon Valley." (MLW)

Maidique, Modesto A.

1988-01-01

89

A Model for Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers definitions and descriptions, and explores the dynamics, of "strategic grantseeking" as a means of supporting economic development programs. Strategic grantseeking is a natural and dynamic tool usable with any economic development program. It consists of a set of concepts, procedures, and tools which are integrated into a…

Rampp, Lary; Johnson, Deke

90

Bank community development corporation investments in community economic development.  

E-print Network

?? This dissertation analyzes best practices of bank-owned Community Development Corporation (CDC) investments in Community Economic Development (CED). Using documents from banking institutions, literature on… (more)

Prevo, Dwight J.

2009-01-01

91

Glen Weisbrod Economic Development Research Group, Inc.  

E-print Network

in monetary terms, expressed as a discounted present value. expressed as a discounted present value. Economic addedexpressed as activity (output), income (value added, wages) and associated jobs composition of affectedGlen Weisbrod Economic Development Research Group, Inc. www.edrgroup.com Workshop on Benefit

92

Developing a reproductive life plan.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is 2-fold: to emphasize the importance of a reproductive life plan and to define its key elements. We review the 2006 recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) regarding ways to improve the delivery of preconception health care to women in the United States, with particular focus on encouraging individual reproductive responsibility throughout the life span and on encouraging every woman to develop a reproductive life plan. We propose recommendations for the content of a reproductive life plan and explore ways to incorporate the guidelines from the CDC into clinical practice. By encouraging women to consider their plans for childbearing before they become pregnant, clinicians have the opportunity to influence behavior before pregnancy, which may decrease the incidence of unintended pregnancies and adverse pregnancy outcomes. PMID:23181644

Files, Julia A; Frey, Keith A; David, Paru S; Hunt, Katherine S; Noble, Brie N; Mayer, Anita P

2011-01-01

93

Essays in development economics and political economy  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on issues in economic development, with a focus ,on political economy and the labor market in India. Chapter 1] analyzes the effect of television coverage on political ...

Datta, Saugato

2007-01-01

94

Three essays on development economics in China  

E-print Network

This dissertation is a collection of three independent essays in empirical development economics using data from China. In the first two chapters, I examine the determinants of choices within the household. In the first ...

Qian, Nancy

2005-01-01

95

Strategies and Linkages: A Guide for Linking Vocational Education and Tribal Economic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a result of the project, Strategies for Linking Vocational Education Programs to Tribal Economic Plans, the guide contains information obtained from 20 tribes who are currently providing vocational education programs under the One Percent Set-Aside Federal Vocational Education funding, a program that provides the opportunity for…

Minhas, Jasjit; And Others

96

The War on Illegal Drug Production and Trafficking: An Economic Evaluation of Plan Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a thorough economic evaluation of the anti-drug policies implemented in Colombia between 2000 and 2006 under the so-called Plan Colombia. The paper develops a game theory model of the war against illegal drugs in producer countries. We explicitly model illegal drug markets, which allows us to account for the feedback effects between policies and market outcomes that

Daniel Mejía; Pascual Restrepo

2008-01-01

97

Education and Modernization of Micronesia: A Case Study in Development and Development Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case study examined the development of an overall education plan for the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The methodology of multidisciplinary education planning through the use of general comparative analysis models of political, economic, and social development is explained: Almond and Powell's framework for the analysis of political…

Pearse, Richard; Bezanson, Keith A.

98

Tourism and economic development: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the literature on tourism and economic development, identifying the contribution that tourism can make to development, including foreign currency, income and employment, and the costs that it entails. Single equation and system of equations models for estimating tourism demand are provided, indicating developing countries’ potential to benefit from increasing expenditure on tourism but their susceptibility to deterioration

M. Thea Sinclair

1998-01-01

99

Sustainable Development: Environment and Economic Framework Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable development is a multifaceted concept that has drawn on a number of disciplines including economics, ecology, ethics, sociology and political science. Sustainable development links the welfare of generations with the capacity of the biosphere to sustain life and has a policy focus. Sustainable development is not a fixed state but rather a process of change in which resource exploitation,

Basil M. H. Sharp

2001-01-01

100

Recognizing Constraints to Local Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on Kaufman's distinction between development in the community and development of the community, this paper discusses the constraints on local economic development associated with increased concentration of capital. The likelihood of successfully employing "import substitution" and other localization strategies without confronting issues of…

Fitzgerald, Joan; Meyer, Peter B.

1986-01-01

101

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica  

E-print Network

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica: The Tico Tiger that hasn't..... Carnegie Endowment, MA, USA #12;FDI and Development in Costa Rica: The Power of Path Dependency and the Peril of Lack benefits #12;Costa Rica's (and LA's) Approach to Development: From ISI to Washington Consensus Trade

102

Subsea completions improve development economics  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a brief historical account of the development of the offshore drilling and production sector of the oil and gas industries. The paper provides data showing the growth of offshore drilling and completion on a world-wide basis. The author attributes this to the increased reliability of subsurface production equipment showing that the new control systems have lowered the failure rate to less than two percent. The paper traces the early offshore field development and equipment used to the current floating production platforms and how they came into existence. Finally, the paper discusses the development of offshore standards for drilling, production, and control equipment.

Booth, D. (Subsea Data Services, Wimberly, TX (United States))

1993-10-01

103

Introducing SHRP2's Economic Impact Estimator / Sketch Planning Tool -  

E-print Network

modifications to the instruction manual. #12;Research Focus Identify the Test Case Study Project "factors of a proposed transportation project. (Graphic courtesy of Economic Development Research Group, Inc.) #12;What

Minnesota, University of

104

11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

Policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. Reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, ...

Davis, Jennifer

105

[Policies of economic development and population].  

PubMed

This literature review attempts to evaluate critically the theoretical and empirical evidence regarding the relationship between development policies and population and to assess the logical coherence of the principal types of population policy as they relate to economic development. The 1st part, on the relationship between economic development and population growth, consists of 5 sections which discuss: 1) the theories of classical economists including Quesnay, Malthus, Pareto, Marshall, and Pigou; 2) attempts to correlate population growth and economic development in developed countries by Kuznets and in developing countries by Adelman, Weintraub, Heer, Kirk, and others; 3) macroeconomic arguments used to defend aggressive policies of population control, including the scarcity of natural resources, the difficulty of increasing the rates of savings and investment with growing populations, and the disadvantages of rural-urban migration; 4) economic analyses of the desire to limit births which view children as either producer or consumer goods; and 5) the influence of economic development on social structure as it relates to the demand for children. In the 2nd part, 3 principal "ideal types" of population and economic development policy are identified: policies oriented toward growth of the modern sector of the economy, policies oriented toward population control, and policies oriented toward income distribution and education. The assumptions, mode of action, probabilities of success and limitations of each strategy are assessed. It is concluded that neither development of the modern sector alone nor attempts to promote birth control alone are sufficient to curb population growth appreciably. A concentrated policy to develop the most backward sectors of the economy might be the most likely to lead to a significant slowing of population growth but such a policy is unlikely to be tolerated by the wealthier classes in the absence of extreme coercion. A combination of a watered down redistribution policy and a strong birth control policy may be the most promising. PMID:12179413

Aleman, J L

1974-01-01

106

WORKING GROUP ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

Vice President of Statewide Operations and Eco- nomic Development for the North Carolina Biotech: the NC Biotech Center and MCNC. Feldman compared the two entities in terms of orga- nizational structure.4 million, while the Biotech Center started with $843,000 in funding from the state. As Feldman explained

Engel, Jonathan

107

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous  

E-print Network

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist Papers Center for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 3 Trade is divided between commercialized sector which trades with foreign country and self-sufficient sector which

108

New Potentials for Modern Indian Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently American Indians have experienced an unprecedented renaissance in community spirit. Capitalizing upon this spirit, Indian economic development should be directed toward particular community needs, utilizing Indian leadership to determine needed training and development programs. There is no question but that the majority of Indian…

Heath, Wallace G.

109

Economics and Human Resource Development: A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the areas agreement between two recent and seemingly disparate Human Resource Development Review articles by Wang and Swanson (2008) and McLean, Lynham, Azevedo, Lawrence, and Nafukho (2008). The foundational roles of economics in human resource development theory and practice are highlighted as well as the need for…

Wang, Greg G.; Swanson, Richard A.

2008-01-01

110

Credit Constraints, Entrepreneurial Talent, and Economic Development  

E-print Network

Credit Constraints, Entrepreneurial Talent, and Economic Development Milo Bianchiy Paris School an e¢ cient matching between entrepreneurial talent and production technologies. We ...rst explore the role of ...nancial development in promoting such e¢ cient allocation of talent, which results in higher

Boyer, Edmond

111

Oman: Economic, social and strategic developments  

SciTech Connect

Oman is an important country for the West, both as an oil exporter and as a key ally strategically placed at the entrance to the Arab Gulf. This book provides an overview of recent economic, social and political developments in Oman. It begins by outlining the historical and geographical background, emphasising in particular the problems of geography and tribalism and the impact of the war against Marxist insurgents in Dhofar. It considers economic developments, both in the oil and non-oil sectors, and Oman's contribution to economic co-operation and integration in the region. It examines strategic developments, particularly Oman's relations with the United States, addressing the key question of how close an alliance between Oman and the US is likely and showing how this is influenced by internal politics in Oman. It also explores educational and cultural issues.

Pridham, B.R.

1986-01-01

112

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Harney County, Oregon.  

SciTech Connect

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be in Harney Count. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Harney County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economic impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result from the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

1991-12-01

113

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Deschutes County, Oregon.  

SciTech Connect

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be Deschutes County. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Deschutes County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economical impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result for the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

1991-12-01

114

DWPF Development Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The DWPF Development Plan is based on an evaluation process flowsheet and related waste management systems. The scope is shown in Figure 1 entitled ``DWPF Process Development Systems.`` To identify the critical development efforts, each system has been analyzed to determine: The identification of unresolved technology issues. A technology issue (TI) is one that requires basic development to resolve a previously unknown process or equipment problem and is managed via the Technology Assurance Program co-chaired by DWPF and SRTC. Areas that require further work to sufficiently define the process basis or technical operating envelop for DWPF. This activity involves the application of sound engineering and development principles to define the scope of work required to complete the technical data. The identification of the level of effort and expertise required to provide process technical consultation during the start-up and demonstration of this first of a kind plant.

Holtzscheiter, E.W.

1994-05-09

115

Energy planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

Meier, P.M.

1986-01-01

116

Economic Development of British Colonial America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

Serena Zabin

117

Smart Transportation Economic Stimulation Infrastructure Investments That Support Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report discusses factors to consider when evaluating transportation economic stimulation strategies. Transportation investments can have large long-term economic, social and environmental impacts. Expanding urban highways tends to stimulate motor vehicle travel and sprawl, exacerbating future transport problems and threatening future economic productivity. Improving alternative modes (walking and cycling conditions, and public transit service) tends to reduce total motor vehicle

Todd Litman

2009-01-01

118

Population issues in economic planning: uses of demography in business.  

PubMed

Economists use demography in planning and forecasting business needs. As a bank, Westpac uses the information for its own internal business purposes and to assess general economic trends. Externally, the bank is expected by government and the public to have some authoritative views on the state of the economy. To form these views, it is necessary to understand a very wide array of statistical indicators, including demographic statistics. The main population issues of concern are: size, location, and changes in the population of Australia as a whole and by State; labor force (including projections); age profile of Australia and by State. The major source for this information is the Australian Bureau of Statistics. More detailed patterns often emerge, particularly for individual States, from papers prepared by others. This information is used by Westpac in 3 main planning areas and 2 broad assessment areas: planning -- location of bank branches, products/services offered, and marketing of products/services; and assessment -- economic outlook (labor force, housing needs, demand for funds) and specific industries. Recently, Westpac restructured its organization to cater to the changing needs of customers and the changing geographic patterns of population spread. The bank now has 4 major groups: retail financial services for personal and commercial markets; corporate and international; management services; and group planning (includes economic department). To offer products that fit the market, the bank needs to know the characteristics of the population by age, spending patterns, lifestyle preferences, and investment needs. Within Australia, a relatively new service offered by most financial institutions, which is directly related to population issues, is a counseling service for retirees. Westpac has a product called Club 55, which is a package of services designed for persons who have retired or are planning to retire. Another clearly perceived community need is for superannuation schemes. The marketing of financial services clearly is in evidence. With deregulation of the financial system, the pace of competition for the household dollar and corporate banking business has intensified in the last year or so, and the barrage of advertising is 1 result. Such advertising is carefully aimed at potential customers grouped by age, location, lifestyle, and spending patterns. Marketing is also conducted indirectly through industry groups and at various trade seminars. Turning to the broader aspects of economic planning, the same kinds of population indicators are applied to macroeconomic issues. In particular, assessments of labor force trends, housing needs, and demand for funds from the public and private sectors will affect financial policy of business and monetary and fiscal policy of governments. The most commonly used indicators are: population size/characteristics; location; population growth; labor force; labor force mobility, including geographic mobility; migration -- both shortterm and longterm. The aging of the population holds many implications for future government economic policy. This trend holds obvious implications for government spending and the taxation burden on the work force. Australia will face significantly higher welfare expenditures for which funding will need to be obtained from a relatively stable working age population -- about 65% of total population for the next 20 years. PMID:12267176

Graham, R J

1984-01-01

119

Global health funding and economic development  

PubMed Central

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

2012-01-01

120

Global health funding and economic development.  

PubMed

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

Martin, Greg; Grant, Alexandra; D'Agostino, Mark

2012-01-01

121

Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Waubonsee Community College Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills served 208 students by assessment of basic skills and referral to appropriate programs or help with job skills and referral to employment during the 18-month grant period from December 1988 through June 30, 1990. The target population was minority women or economically

Waubonsee Community Coll., Sugar Grove, IL.

122

Reproductive health, population growth, economic development and environmental change.  

PubMed

World population will increase by 1000 million, or by 20%, within 10 years. Ninety-five per cent of this increase will occur in the South, in areas that are already economically, environmentally and politically fragile. Morbidity and mortality associated with reproduction will be greater in the current decade than in any period in human history. Annually, 40-60 million pregnancies will be terminated and 5-10 million children will die within one year of birth. AIDS-related infections, e.g. tuberculosis, will undermine health care in Africa (and elsewhere) and in places AIDS-related deaths will decimate the work-force. The growth in population and associated morbidity will inhibit global economic development and spawn new problems. The key issues are migration, the spread of disease, the supply of water and the degradation of land, and fiscal policies with respect to family planning, pharmaceuticals and Third-World debt. Full education, particularly of women, and more effective family planning in the South have the power to unlock the problem. Failure will see the developed countries, with their 800 million population, swamped by the health, economic and environmental problems of the South, with its projected population of 5400 million people for the year 2000. PMID:8222991

Lincoln, D W

1993-01-01

123

The Diverse Social and Economic Structure of Nonmetropolitan America. Rural Development Research Report No. 49.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective rural development planning depends on facts and analysis based, not on rural averages, but on the diverse social and economic structure of rural America. Programs tailored to particular types of rural economies may be more effective than generalized programs. Because of their unique characteristics, government policies and economic

Bender, Lloyd D.; And Others

124

Economics Ph.D Assessment Plan 1 May 1, 2012 Assessment Plan Field of Economics Ph.D.  

E-print Network

by the ability to design and execute a long-term research program that addresses a sequence of well after the Ph.D. is completed, most students will enter the international Economics Ph.D. job market expect to search for a university-based teaching position should develop their teaching skills

125

Developing a Head Start Training Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook outlines 10 steps in developing a training plan for Head Start. The introduction defines training and lists the benefits of a training plan. The bulk of the handbook consists of a detailed description of the 10 steps for development of a training plan, including each step's purpose, directions to accompany work sheets, and questions…

Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Head Start Bureau.

126

Labor markets and economic development in Malaysia.  

PubMed

A researcher analyzed data on male workers from 1262 households from Peninsular Malaysia (1976-1977 Malaysian Family Life Survey) to identify the leading effects of economic development for earnings and employment patterns within labor markets. All 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia profited from the increasing levels of real income over time. The relative income of ethnic Malays, the poorest socioeconomic class, increased more so than the Chinese and Indians. Yet the income of Chinese was 108% higher than Malays and that of Indians was 60%. The difference between Malays and Chinese grew considerably as men aged. Further economic growth resulted in higher earnings for young men than for older men. In addition, the more educated men were the higher their earnings. In fact, education was the most significant determinant of time related growth in incomes. Further, income of men who participated in job training programs grew 2 times as fast than that of men who did not participate in job training programs. Lastly, economic growth increased earnings of men in urban areas more so than those in rural areas. Malaysia had put a lot of time and resources in research and development in rubber and rice production which has resulted in continual introduction of new varieties of rubber trees and rice. These new varieties have increased production considerably. In conclusion, Malaysia was able to experience economic growth because it invested in education and job training for male workers and in research and development to advance production of its 2 most important commodities--rubber and rice. PMID:12317026

Smith, J P

1991-01-01

127

California Community College Home Economics Program Plan, 1992. Including: Directory of Professional and Trade Organizations and Directory of Home Economics and Related Program Areas and Instructional Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist local colleges/districts in assessing their existing home economics program, and in developing curricula that respond to the changing needs of students, communities, and the workforce, this plan presents the program guidelines of the California Community Colleges (CCCs). Introductory material describes the history of the program…

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

128

Development of an Economic Dashboard for the Flint Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project constructed an economic dashboard for Genesee County (Flint, Michigan) that identified, monitored, ranked, and compared key regional factors to other metro areas. The resulting dashboard enables economic development organizations and stakeholders in Genesee County to better focus their efforts by identifying the regional factors most associated with economic growth. Secondly, the dashboard allows economic development stakeholders to compare

Erickcek George A

2007-01-01

129

Supporting Local Economic Development in Post-Apartheid South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

South Africa's apartheid era has left a bitter legacy of retarded economic development. Local Economic Development has been identified by the South African government as a key strategy through which issues of development and, more importantly, poverty alleviation can be addressed by local governments. This paper reviews current Local Economic Development policy in South Africa, before proceeding to an examination

Tony Binns; Etienne Nel

2002-01-01

130

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

131

Locate, Plan, Develop, Use An Outdoor Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to aid educational institutions and community organizations in selecting, planning, developing and using outdoor learning areas as outdoor classrooms, this guide includes: (1) Learning by Discovery (scientific, cultural, and recreational goals); (2) The Initial Planning Effort (use of: a planning committee including teachers,…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Upper Darby, PA.

132

Highlights of the SSC Site Development Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes highlights of the Site Development Plan for the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory. The Plan, sometimes called a Master Plan, was prepared by the architectural and engineering firm for the Laboratory: Parsons Brinckerhoff\\/Morrison Knudsen (PB\\/MK) working in association with CRSS. Their task was to interpret the SSC project needs in the context of the Ellis County, Texas site.

Sanford

1991-01-01

133

Researches on Agricultural Cooperative Economic Organization Promoting Agricultural Insurance Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantages of cooperative economic organization being the effective carrier of agricultural insurance development are analyzed. Firstly, cooperative economic organization promotes scale management and solves the problem of decentralized operation of small households. Secondly, cooperative economic organization can settle the problem of peasants' low systematization. Thirdly, cooperative economic organization can largely reduce the costs of agricultural insurance operation. Fourthly, cooperative

Xiu-fen WANG; Mao-song LI

2011-01-01

134

Economic Geography and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physical or absolute geography of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is often blamed for its poor economic performance. A country’s location however not only determines its absolute geography, it also pins down its relative position on the globe vis-ŕ-vis other countries. This paper assesses the importance of relative geography, and access to foreign markets in particular, in explaining the substantial income

Maarten Bosker; Harry Garretsen

2008-01-01

135

Study on Economic Sustainable Development in the Yangtze River Delta Region: Based on Transforming Economic Development Mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Yangtze River Delta region is one of the most rapid economic development areas in China. In fact, its economic growth still contains extensive features, which constrain economic sustainable development and international competition improvement of this region. Due to its inherent problems, extensive growth is unsustainable, while intensive growth contains sustainable development meaning and possesses conditions and foundation to realize

Shaoli Liu; Yuqi Lu

2010-01-01

136

Brazil Vocational Education. Aspects of Economic Policy & Planning. Proceedings of the Conference at Northeastern University (Boston, Massachusetts, June 11-12, 1984). CIHED Conference Series No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings consist of the following eight papers: "Vocational Training in Brazil--Aspects of Economic Policy and Planning," by Gustav Schachter "Economic Stabilization and Medium Term Development Strategy in Brazil," by Peter T. Knight; "Training and Development," by Manuel Zymelman; "The Organization of the Brazilian System," by Morris A.…

Schachter, Gustav, Ed.

137

Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Modelling for Regional Economic Development Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partridge M. D. and Rickman D. S. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) modelling for regional economic development analysis, Regional Studies. Despite their long-standing use in economic policy analysis generally, and increasing popularity in regional policy analysis, computable general equilibrium (CGE) models have yet to become the dominant approach for analysis of regional economic development policies. This review discusses the likely reasons

Mark D. Partridge; Dan S. Rickman

2010-01-01

138

Conservation Resource Advisory Role in Council Plan DevelopmentRole in Council Plan Development  

E-print Network

Conservation Resource Advisory Committee Role in Council Plan DevelopmentRole in Council Plan on conservation resource potential and deployment § Work Plan Focused in Policy Issues slide 2 ­ Not a decision Work Plan Elements § Conservation Resource Assessment ­ Cost-Effectiveness Methodology ­ Achievable

139

Misplaced Expectations? The Experience of Applied Local Economic Development in Post-Apartheid South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hallmark of post-apartheid South Africa has been the introduction of bold and innovative policy in areas ranging from the national Constitution to resource management policy. In line with this approach, there has been a clear commitment to principles of decentralization and participatory development, with Local Economic Development (LED) featuring prominently in national, provincial and local government pronouncements and planning.

Etienne Nel; Tony Binns; David Bek

2009-01-01

140

Economic Planning for Multicounty Rural Areas: Application of a Linear Programming Model in Northwest Arkansas. Technical Bulletin No. 1653.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planners in multicounty rural areas can use the Rural Development, Activity Analysis Planning (RDAAP) model to try to influence the optimal growth of their areas among different general economic goals. The model implies that best industries for rural areas have: high proportion of imported inputs; low transportation costs; high value added/output…

Williams, Daniel G.

141

11.437 Financing Economic Development, Fall 2003  

E-print Network

Focuses on financing tools and program models to support local economic development. Includes an overview of private capital markets and financing sources to understand capital market imperfections that constrain economic ...

Seidman, Karl F.

142

Nascom System Development Plan: System Description, Capabilities and Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Communications (Nascom) System Development Plan (NSDP), reissued annually, describes the organization of Nascom, how it obtains communication services, its current systems, its relationship with other NASA centers and International Partner Agencies, some major spaceflight projects which generate significant operational communication support requirements, and major Nascom projects in various stages of development or implementation.

1995-01-01

143

Understanding the population dimension in development planning.  

PubMed

In the Philippines initial efforts to adopt population policies focused on reducing rapid population growth through fertility control. The history of the national population welfare congress, which started in 1978, reflects this emphasis on family planning as a major deterrent to rapid population growth. It was only in recent years that the 2-way relationship between population and development came to be better appreciated. The 6th National Populaton Welfare Congress was a response to this need to broaden the scope of population concerns and integrate the population dimension into development planning. This viewpoint regards population not as a demand variable but as a factor that can be influenced by economic and social development. Dr. Mercedes B. Concepcion, dean of the University of the Philippines Population Institute (UPPI), discussed population trends, prospects, and problems in a paper presented before the 6th congress. In 1980, she said, the Philippine population was 48.1 million persons, up by 11.4 million persons or 31%, over the3l.7 million enumerated in 1970. While the rate of populated growth remains high, data indicate a decreasing post-World War II trend, from 3.06% in 1948-60 to 2.68% in 1975-80. The proportion of the population below 15 has dropped by 2 percentage points, while the number of persons in the working ages 15-64 has increased. In 1 of the 3 group sessions during the congress, the participants tried to define the Philippines' population distribution goals, the requirement of an urban-rural balance, and priority intervention areas. In that session 2 main papers were presented -- one on human settlements and urbanization and the other on macroeconomic policies and their spatial implications. In another sessionplanners and researchers examined the socioeconomic and demographic impact of development programs, specifically the impact of rural electrification on fertility change in Misamis Oriental, a province in Southern Philippines. In the main paper presented in that session, Dr. Herrin indicated that the most rapid decline in marital fertility in the Philippines occurred among highly educated parents with high incomes and living in the urbanized areas of Metro Manila, Southern Luzon, and Central Luzon. The 3rd group session discussed mortality trends and prospects as well as the present forms of government intervention to reverse these trends. Generally, a declining trend has been observed in the crude death rate and in infant mortality. PMID:12339844

Rivera, P C

1983-01-01

144

Socio-economic development, environmental and health perspectives in Malaysia.  

PubMed

With Malaysia independence in 1957, development in the country changed from system maintenance to development planning. Environmental and health perspectives are discussed in relation to current development as reflected in the Second Malaysia Plan 1971--1975 and the Third Malaysia Plan 1976--1980. PMID:538507

DeWitt, G F; Sekarajasekaran, A; Wan, K C

1979-12-01

145

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models are user-friendly  

E-print Network

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI America program to model wind energy jobs and impacts, JEDI has been expanded to biofuels, concentrating from industry norms), JEDI estimates the number of jobs and economic impacts to a local area (usually

146

Political freedom, economic freedom, and income convergence: Do stages of economic development matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the literature, theory and empirical evidence on the nexus of political freedom, economic freedom, and economic growth\\u000a are mixed. In this paper, we test the hypothesis that the effect of political freedom on promoting economic growth is realized\\u000a and detectable at later stages of social and economic development. Using panel data for a sample of 104 countries between\\u000a 1970

Zhenhui Xu; Haizheng Li

2008-01-01

147

Workforce and Economic Development in New Jersey: Q & A with James E. McGreevey, Governor of New Jersey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with James E. McGreevey, Governor of New Jersey. In this interview, Gov. McGreevey discusses workforce and economic development in New Jersey and how he plans to expand higher educational opportunities.

Community College Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

148

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598.615 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

2013-04-01

149

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598.615 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

2011-04-01

150

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598.615 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

2012-04-01

151

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2014-01-01

152

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2010-01-01

153

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2011-01-01

154

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2013-01-01

155

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2012-01-01

156

Women and Economic Development in Cameroon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a survey of written sources and perspectives of knowledgeable individuals, the report provides information on women's economic roles in Cameroon, and on aspects of social life which effect their economic performance. A description of the importance of traditional social systems and their evolution over the last 30 years follows a brief…

Bryson, Judy C.

157

Toward the Development of a Cultural Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree to which various economic specialties have incorporated or avoided cultural analyses is reviewed; problem areas where such studies might be most fruitful are suggested. It is indicated there now exists in embryo form an orientation deserving the name cultural economics''; its furture is speculated. (JB)

Boulding, Kenneth E.

1972-01-01

158

Experimental methods for environment and development economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many poor countries remain trapped in a cycle of poverty and environmental degradation. Understanding how people react to existing and proposed solutions most likely can be improved using the methods of experimental economics. Experiments provide researchers a method to test theory, look for patterns of behavior, testbed economic institutions and incentives, and to educate people. Herein we explore how experimental

MARIAH D. EHMKE; JASON F. SHOGREN

2008-01-01

159

Developing Animated Cartoons for Economic Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A picture is worth a thousand words. Multimedia teaching materials have been widely adopted by teachers in Physics, Biotechnology, Psychology, Religion, Analytical Science, and Economics nowadays. To assist with engaging students in their economic study, increase learning efficiency and understanding, solve misconception problems,…

Zhang, Yu Aimee

2012-01-01

160

Is there an endogenous relationship between culture and economic development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from two communities suggests diverging paths of economic development; one which integrates culture into economic activities, and a second path which does not. If endogeneity cannot be assumed, does the relevance of culture for economic activities influence its stability and sustainability? Despite the predominance of culture in the former community, the social norms, ethnic cues and symbols are neither

Lauretta Conklin Frederking

2002-01-01

161

Industrial Districts and Regional Economic Development: A Regulation Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

DIGIOVANNA S. (1996) Industrial districts and regional economic developoment: a regulation approach, Reg. Studies30, 373–386. This paper examines the regulatory underpinnings of industrial districts. As many regional governments have been forced to accept greater responsibility for their own economic futures, the industrial district model has been presented as an attractive path to economic development. The underlying assumption among many policy

Sean Digiovanna

1996-01-01

162

Balancing economic development with environmental protection in developing and lesser developed countries  

SciTech Connect

Recent experience suggests that poverty and environmental degradation go hand in hand. Economic development, on the other hand, provides the financial and technical resources needed for the protection of human health and natural ecosystems. Balancing economic development and environmental protection in developing countries requires a refocusing of economic activity -- not towards producing less, but producing differently. Strategies for the integration of economic development and environmental protection are outlined here, as is the proposed role that will need to be played by the World Bank. 4 refs., 3 figs.

El-Ashry, M.T. (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01

163

Participation of Culturally, Linguistically and Economically Diverse Parents in the Special Education Planning Process  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Although federal law governing the education of students with disabilities recognizes the important role parents play in the special education planning process, there is considerable evidence that culturally, linguistically and economically...

Klein, Janet

2009-12-17

164

Essays in Development Economics and the Economics of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is a powerful tool to improve lives and enhance the prospect of innovation and development of nations. While primary school enrollment has increased considerably over the past few decades in Sub-Saharan Africa, learning and the retention rate have remained low. The first two chapters of this dissertation analyze two dimensions in a bid…

Blimpo, Moussa Pouguinimpo

2010-01-01

165

European Economic Review 45 (2001) 827}838 Natural Resources and Economic Development  

E-print Network

questions raised by the curse of natural resources. Is it true? If so, why? Section 1 discusses the evidenceEuropean Economic Review 45 (2001) 827}838 Natural Resources and Economic Development The curse of natural resources Je!rey D. Sachs, Andrew M. Warner* Center for International Development, Harvard

166

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2013-04-01

167

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2014-04-01

168

Technology and Economics Affecting Unconventional Reservoir Development  

E-print Network

-supported by government agencies and private organizations- and high commodity prices. In this work, the effect of technology and different economic events for selected unconventional oil and gas plays in the United States was evaluated according...

Flores Campero, Cecilia P.

2010-01-15

169

Pro-Poor local economic development in South Africa: The role of pro-poor tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes features of the emerging nexus in South Africa between tourism, poverty alleviation and local economic development (LED) interventions. The South African experience of evolving a strong pro-poor focus in LED planning is distinctive in the international context of writings on LED. Pro-poor LED is increasingly the outcome of the application of measures and programmes that are linked

Christian M. Rogerson

2006-01-01

170

Cultural diversity, economic development and societal instability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Background. Social scientists have suggested that cultural diversity in a nation leads to societal instability. However, societal instability may be affected not only by within-nation on ?? diversity, but also diversity between a nation and its neighbours or ?? diversity. It is also necessary to distinguish different domains of diversity, namely linguistic, ethnic and religious, and to distinguish between the direct effects of diversity on societal instability, and effects that are mediated by economic conditions. Methodology/Principal Findings. We assembled a large cross-national dataset with information on ?? and ?? cultural diversity, economic conditions, and indices of societal instability. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of cultural diversity on economics and societal stability. Results show that different type and domains of diversity have interacting effects. As previously documented, linguistic ?? diversity has a negative effect on economic performance, and we show that it is largely through this economic mechanism that it affects societal instability. For ?? diversity, the higher the linguistic diversity among nations in a region, the less stable the nation. But, religious ?? diversity has the opposite effect, reducing instability, particularly in the presence of high linguistic diversity. Conclusions. Within-nation linguistic diversity is associated with reduced economic performance, which, in turn, increases societal instability. Nations which differ linguistically from their neighbors are also less stable. However, religious diversity between, neighboring nations has the opposite effect, decreasing societal instability.

Nettle, D.; Grace, J.B.; Choisy, M.; Cornell, H.V.; Guegan, J.-F.; Hochberg, M.E.

2007-01-01

171

Planning and Developing Community Colleges in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although China has expanded its system of short-cycle vocational and technical education in recent years to respond to its rapid economic development, most programs are narrowly focused on special technical areas and offer few general education or personal development components. As such, China's technical institutions differ greatly from…

Hu, Nan Brian; And Others

172

Energy planning for development - needs and approaches  

SciTech Connect

The capability of developing countries to carry out comprehensive national energy planning is examined. The analytical methods or models constructed for analyzing the energy system have to take into account the specific context in which they are built to address issues of interest to development planners. Issues discussed are resource development and technology research, energy equity considerations to all peoples in a nation, the pricing policy, and the balance of payments considerations. The impartance of the availability of adequate skilled personnel and training programs to impart the requisite skill necessary to carry out the planning is discussed. Various surveys were conducted to determine the training needs for energy planners in developing countries. (MCW)

Mubayi, V

1981-01-01

173

Planetizen: The Planning and Development Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few decades, many ideas in the field of planning have become almost buzz-words in the popular press, including Sustainable Developmentâ?ť and New Urbanism. With the increased interest in planning, PLANetizen was created three years ago as "a public-interest information exchange for the urban planning and development community." The site features a host of frequently updated links to recent news stories that address one of the facets of planning (such as gentrification), job opportunities, commentary, and conference announcements. Guests to the site may also elect to sign up for their electronic newsletter, and may even choose to have it delivered to any number of handheld devices, including Windows CE or Palm. The site also includes a list of the 20 "all-time greatest planning titles," which includes such familiar selections as "Good City Form" by Kevin Lynch and "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson.

174

7 CFR 1924.5 - Planning development work.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Planning development work. 1924.5 Section...REGULATIONS CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR Planning and Performing Construction and Other Development § 1924.5 Planning development work. (a) Extent...

2010-01-01

175

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Planning/performing development. 1924.105...REGULATIONS CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR Planning and Performing Site Development Work § 1924.105 Planning/performing development. (a)...

2010-01-01

176

Behavioral economics perspectives on public sector pension plans  

PubMed Central

We describe the pension plan features of the states and the largest cities and counties in the U.S. Unlike in the private sector, defined benefit (DB) pensions are still the norm in the public sector. However, a few jurisdictions have shifted toward defined contribution (DC) plans as their primary savings plan, and fiscal pressures are likely to generate more movement in this direction. Holding fixed a public employee’s work and salary history, we show that DB retirement income replacement ratios vary greatly across jurisdictions. This creates large variation in workers’ need to save for retirement in other accounts. There is also substantial heterogeneity across jurisdictions in the savings generated in primary DC plans because of differences in the level of mandatory employer and employee contributions. One notable difference between public and private sector DC plans is that public sector primary DC plans are characterized by required employee or employer contributions (or both), whereas private sector plans largely feature voluntary employee contributions that are supplemented by an employer match. We conclude by applying lessons from savings behavior in private sector savings plans to the design of public sector plans. PMID:21789032

BESHEARS, JOHN; CHOI, JAMES J.; LAIBSON, DAVID; MADRIAN, BRIGITTE C.

2011-01-01

177

Research and development quality assurance planning  

SciTech Connect

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of supporting repeatable experiments with accurate data without unduly stifling their creative abilities. Careful advance planning ensures that the intensity of control provided by quality-related systems is commensurate with the importance and scope of the activities being performed. Good scientific practices applied to small bench-scale projects may require minimal additional controls. As projects increase in size and complexity the controls imposed through planning must, by necessity, be increased. Research and development QA planning, just like any other planning, involves all affected individuals. The application of control systems is determined by factors such as customer or sponsor requirements, the importance of an item or activity to the experiment's success, and the organizational complexity of the project. Many larger experiments are highly dependent on quality-related support activities such as calibration, engineering design, and inspection provided by organizations outside the R D group. Since, in most cases, the expense of support activities is taken directly from funds available for research, it is important for the researchers to be involved in the planning efforts to help determine and agree with the level of QA effort required. A single plan will often suffice for organizations engaged in large numbers of similar experiments. Complex experiments may require unique QA plans or additions to existing plans. Once implemented, the R D QA plans, like any others, require audits or surveillances and may require revisions if the scope of the experiment changes. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Hoke, P.B.

1990-05-14

178

43 CFR 3931.50 - Exploration plan and plan of development modifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RANGE MANAGEMENT (4000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of Development and Exploration Plans § 3931.50 Exploration plan and plan of...

2011-10-01

179

Solid waste management complex site development plan  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of this Solid Waste Management Complex Site Development Plan is to optimize the location of future solid waste treatment and storage facilities and the infrastructure required to support them. An overall site plan is recommended. Further, a series of layouts are included that depict site conditions as facilities are constructed at the SWMC site. In this respect the report serves not only as the siting basis for future projects, but provides siting guidance for Project W-112, as well. The plan is intended to function as a template for expected growth of the site over the next 30 years so that future facilities and infrastructure will be properly integrated.

Greager, T.M.

1994-09-30

180

The economics of family planning and underage conceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines whether improved access to family planning services for under 16 is likely to help in achieving the aim of reducing underage conceptions. A simple model of rational choice is introduced which suggests that family planning increases rates of underage sexual activity and has an ambiguous impact on underage conception and abortion rates. The model is tested on

David Paton

2002-01-01

181

ECONOMICS AND DECISION SCIENCES MULTI-YEAR PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

As long as environmental policy is designed to change behaviors that cause environmental problems, economics and decision sciences research will be essential to understanding these behaviors. In addition, this research informs state and federal environmental agencies on how best ...

182

Economic modeling and energy policy planning. [technology transfer, market research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A structural economic model is presented for estimating the demand functions for natural gas and crude oil in industry and in steam electric power generation. Extensions of the model to other commodities are indicated.

Thompson, R. G.; Schwartz, A., Jr.; Lievano, R. J.; Stone, J. C.

1974-01-01

183

Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does economic development depend on geographic endowments like temperate instead of tropical location, the ecological conditions shaping diseases, or an environment good for grains or certain cash crops? Or do these endowments of tropics, germs, and crops affect economic development only through institutions or policies? We test the endowment, institution, and policy views against each other using cross country evidence.

William Easterly; Ross E. Levine

2002-01-01

184

Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does economic development depend on geographic endowments like temperate instead of tropical location, the ecological conditions shaping diseases, or an environment good for grains or certain cash crops? Or do these endowments of tropics, germs, and crops affect economic development only through institutions or policies? We test the endowment, institution, and policy views against each other using cross country evidence.

William Easterly; Ross Levine

2003-01-01

185

Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development  

E-print Network

Economic and Social Significance of Forests For Africa's Sustainable Development Volume 25, Issue 2, Issue 2 Economic and social significance of forests for Africa's sustainable development Editor: Foday EcEE onomic and Social SignificSS ance of ForFF err sts For AFF fricA a's Sustainable Devtt elopment

186

THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Douglass C. North,  

E-print Network

1 THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT by Douglass C. North, Washington Univesity, St (as I see it) to problems of development. I The new institutional economics is an attempt processes information, but cognitive science has made impressive strides in recent years. Individuals

Tesfatsion, Leigh

187

The Missing Link in Navajo Indian Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although off-reservation economic development programs have been emphasized in the past, the Navajo Tribe also needs to emphasize on-reservation economic development in order to prevent the loss of well-educated Indian youth who leave frustrating on-reservation Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) jobs to aid outside enterprises in the mining of natural…

Billy, Bahe

188

Canada Research Chair, Tier II in Economics of Sustainable Development  

E-print Network

Canada Research Chair, Tier II in Economics of Sustainable Development The University of Winnipeg has designated a Tier II Canada Research Chair in the Economics of Sustainable Development within and enhanced research support. The Canada Research Chair program was established by the Government of Canada

Martin, Jeff

189

Intellectual Investment in Agriculture for Economic and Social Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a project of agricultural research, education, and advice for economic growth and development, data was obtained from 14 countries and summarized with implications for action. Chapters in the report discuss: (1) Intellectual Investment and Economic and Social Development, (2) Intellectual Investment in Agriculture, (3) Agronomic Research, (4)…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

190

Consumer & Home Economics In-Service/Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mt. San Antonio Community College District's Consumer/Home Economics In-Service/Curriculum Development Project was designed to provide activities to meet staff development and program improvement needs. The choice of activities was based on evaluation data from previous home economics projects, and priorities identified by the Consumer/Home…

McGillicuddy (Shirley) & Associates, Sierra Madre, CA.

191

INSTITUTIONS, ENTREPRENEURSHIP, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN EMERGING ECONOMIES (INTERACTIVE PAPER)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurship literature offers that entrepreneurship is associated with a country’s economic development (Schumpeter, 1942); yet, there has been little direct evidence on under what conditions countries actually achieve their economic development via entrepreneurship. On the other hand, the institutional framework posits that at the most fundamental level, the supply and demand of entrepreneurship is at least shaped by a country’s

Yasuhiro Yamakawa

2008-01-01

192

Economic Development Impact of 1,000 MW of Wind Energy in Texas  

SciTech Connect

Texas has approximately 9,727 MW of wind energy capacity installed, making it a global leader in installed wind energy. As a result of the significant investment the wind industry has brought to Texas, it is important to better understand the economic development impacts of wind energy in Texas. This report analyzes the jobs and economic impacts of 1,000 MW of wind power generation in the state. The impacts highlighted in this report can be used in policy and planning decisions and can be scaled to get a sense of the economic development opportunities associated with other wind scenarios. This report can also inform stakeholders in other states about the potential economic impacts associated with the development of 1,000 MW of new wind power generation and the relationships of different elements in the state economy.

Reategui, S.; Hendrickson, S.

2011-08-01

193

Research and Development Program Plan for Geopressure-Geothermal Resources  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Geopressure-Geothermal Program of the Division of Geothermal Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, is to determine by the end of FY86 the magnitude and economic potential of the geopressure-geothermal resources. This Program Plan describes how the Department of Energy proposes to achieve this objective. The main purposes of the current program are to narrow the range of uncertainty on the potential recovery of energy from the geopressure-geothermal resources and to ensure the timely development of these resources as the potential is demonstrated. For these purposes, the Division of Geothermal Energy has established the following objectives: (1) Define the magnitude, potential, and economics of the resources. (2) Conduct supporting research on reservoir and fluid characteristics. (3) Adapt or develop downhole, surface, and disposal technology. (4) Identify and mitigate adverse environmental, legal, and institutional issues in order to promote commercialization.

None

1980-12-01

194

Life Planning Education: A Youth Development Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the curriculum guide for Life Planning Education, a youth development program that focuses on two of the most important tasks teenagers face: preparing for the world of work and dealing with their own sexual and reproductive development, feelings, and behaviors. These two tasks are integrated in the curriculum in a way that…

Center for Population Options, Washington, DC.

195

Effective Professional Development Planning: The Wisconsin PDP  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to improve PK-12 professional learning and increase student achievement, Wisconsin's policymakers developed and implemented new educator licensing guidelines (PI 34) and a Professional Development Plan (PDP) system based on empirical research and national policy trends in 2004. As PI 34 and the PDP system are relatively new, the…

Fischer, John A.

2010-01-01

196

Special Section: Approaches to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes four articles: "Estimating Economic Impacts of Programming: A Case Study of Forestry" (Marcouiller et al.); "Aquaculture Opportunities" (Snyder); "Starting a County Agricultural Marketing Program" (Vossen); and "A Multidisciplinary Model for Industry Support: Program Redirection Creates Missouri Textile Center" (Dillard et al.). (SK)

Marcouiller, David W.; And Others

1992-01-01

197

Sustainable Economic Development. A Paradigm Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the turn of the last decade a paradigm change in environmental policies became apparent. At the end of the 1970s and at the beginning of the 1980s, during the first environmental revolution, environmental problems were seen as a potential conflict between economic growth and the quality of the environment; since the end of the 1980s, however, the new concept

Angela Köppl; Claudia Pichl

1995-01-01

198

Lifelong Learning: Workforce Development and Economic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lifelong learning through a strong, policy-supported information technology (IT) infrastructure is critical to the success of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) member economies. There is a great need to upgrade the quality of skills within the workforce, and there have been unprecedented investments in infrastructure and advanced…

Lee, Alice

199

Geothermal development plan: Yuma county  

SciTech Connect

One hot spring and 33 wells drilled in the county discharge water at temperatures sufficient for direct-use geothermal applications such as process heat and space heating and cooling. Currently, one industry within the county has been identified which may be able to use geothermal energy for its process heat requirements. Also, a computer simulation model was used to predict geothermal energy on line as a function of time under both private and city-owned utility development of the resource.

White, D.H.

1981-01-01

200

Developmental State Policy, Educational Development, and Economic Development: Policy Processes in South Korea (1961-1979)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores two inter-connected issues--the state's role in educational development and educational contribution to economic development--in the policy processes entailed by the South Korean state's pursuit of economic development during the Park Chung Hi era, 1961-1979. It disputes the statist view that South Korea's economic development

Kim, Ki Su

2012-01-01

201

Geothermal development plan: northern Arizona  

SciTech Connect

Much of the northern counties (Apache, Coconino, Gila, Mohave, Navajo and Yavapai) is located in the Colorado Plateau province, a region of low geothermal potential. Two areas that do show some potential are the Flagstaff - San Francisco Peaks area and the Springerville area. Flagstaff is rapidly becoming the manufacturing center of Arizona and will have many opportunities to use geothermal energy to satisfy part of its increasing need for energy. Using a computer simulation model, projections of geothermal energy on line as a function of time are made for both private and city-owned utility development of a resource.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1981-01-01

202

11.202 Gateway: Planning Economics, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

Introduces applications of microeconomic theory to planning problems including urban form and structure, environmental controls, zoning and property rights, and income inequality and poverty. From the course home page: ...

Levy, Frank, 1941-

203

National energy planning for developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a summary of what has been learned from the experience with national energy planning in developing countries. It considers lessons learned about the roles of data, analysis, and modeling in this enterprise, because of the connections between these components and our common interest in research to advance the state of the art; but it concludes that the most important needs at this time are institutional rather than analytical, which suggests a somewhat different set of priorities for scholarship related to national energy planning in the developing world.

Wilbanks, T.J.

1986-01-01

204

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the GNEP Technology Demonstration Program (GNEP-TDP). It has been prepared to guide the development of integrated plans and budgets for realizing the domestic portion of the GNEP vision as well as providing the basis for developing international cooperation. Beginning with the GNEP overall goals, it describes the basic technical objectives for each element of the program, summarizes the technology status and identifies the areas of greatest technical risk. On this basis a proposed technology demonstration program is described that can deliver the required information for a Secretarial decision in the summer of 2008 and support construction of facilities.

David J. Hill

2007-07-01

205

Electric vehicle charge planning using Economic Model Predictive Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic Model Predictive Control (MPC) is very well suited for controlling smart energy systems since electricity price and demand forecasts are easily integrated in the controller. Electric vehicles (EVs) are expected to play a large role in the future Smart Grid. They are expected to provide grid services, both for peak reduction and for ancillary services, by absorbing short term

Rasmus Halvgaard; Niels K. Poulsen; Henrik Madsen; John B. Jorgensen; Francesco Marra; Daniel Esteban Morales Bondy

2012-01-01

206

Campus Heritage Planning: Understanding the Economics "and" Managing the Financing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many it's a dollars and cents issue; for others, it's a heritage or spiritual issue. In reality campus heritage is both a spiritual and a monetary/economic issue. Some say that heritage should reflect institutional values, tradition, academic stature, and the role graduates have played in society, and others cast aside tradition and pay…

McGirr, Dale; Kull, Ronald

2011-01-01

207

Brazil's development plan centers on deepwater oil  

SciTech Connect

Brazil's state owned Petroleos Brasileiro SA continues to advance deepwater technology as it pushes the frontier in ultradeep waters of the Campos basin off Rio de Janeiro state. Petrobras holds many world records related to deepwater drilling and production. But the Campos basin campaign goes beyond technological bragging rights. The prolific basin, which accounts for more than half the country's crude oil production, is expected to be the cornerstone of Brazil's plans to boost production to 1 million b/d at year end 1993. Even with the surge to 1 million b/d, Brazil almost certainly will continue to be a net oil importer. The missed production targets result not from lack of identified oil reserves or technological capability, both of which Petrobras has in abundance in the Campos basin. The problem is lack of capital in the financially stressed country. Petrobras began reassessing its spending plans in 1992 after projections called for a need to spend about $18 billion on exploration and production to meet the target of 1 million b/d by 1995. Those plans are being further reassessed as Brazil's government indicates it might slash Petrobras's budget by half this year amid continuing economic turmoil. The funding dilemma also strengthens the case for at least partially privatizing the giant state petroleum concern, a controversial step at best. The paper discusses Campos surge in production, the Campos potential, deepwater record, Marlim Phase 1, Albacora field production, the possibility of foreign participation, and the Barracuda field pilot.

Not Available

1993-01-03

208

A regional economic impact model for identifying the relationship between transportation investments and economic development  

E-print Network

fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering A REGIONAL ECONOMIC IMPACT MODEL FOR IDENTIFYING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENTS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT A Thesis... the impacts of project and program expenditures by industry on regional output, earnings, and employment (U. S. Department of Commerce, 1981). The Harvard multiregional model (Cartright, Beemiller, and Gustely, 1982) developed for the U. S Department...

Freyre, German Eleodoro

1989-01-01

209

30 CFR 250.303 - Facilities described in a new or revised Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Facilities described in a new or revised Exploration Plan or Development and Production...Facilities described in a new or revised Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan. (a) New plans. All Exploration Plans and Development and...

2010-07-01

210

Community Economic Development Law: a Text for Engaged Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community development law has assumed pre-eminence among strategies to alleviate entrenched poverty and create sustainable economic and social change within low income communities. Despite the growing prominence of community development within graduate schools and the helping professions, there is no comprehensive textbook to date. This text provides that resource.\\u000aCommunity Economic Development Law: A Text for Engaged Learning provides a

Susan D. Bennett; Brenda Bratton Blom; Louise A. Howells; Deborah Kenn

2012-01-01

211

Economic Development, Population Ageing and Sustainability in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most populous country in the world, China is enjoying unprecedented economic growth. However this growth is accompanied with population ageing and serious environmental degradation which has attracted global attention. The impact of China's environmental problems on the rest of world in the future will be as important as that of the country's rapid economic growth. Without a balanced development

Xiumei Guo; Dora Marinova

212

Economics of Training and Personnel Development in Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approaches to the economics of training and personnel development are reviewed, and results from an empirical survey of 450 Swedish training managers are summarized with regard to competence as a production factor. Preconditions for an economics of competence include a long-range perspective and combining qualitative and quantitative variables.…

Lundmark, Annika; Soderstrom, Magnus

1992-01-01

213

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization with 29 Member countries from North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific area. The OECD serves as a "forum for governments of the industrialized democracies to study and formulate the best policies possible in all economic and social spheres." Content is organized into activity sections such as development and co-operation, economics, environmental issues, transition economies, trade and transport. Within each activity, visitors can usually find related publications. The OECD site features a news and events page highlighting the latest OECD developments, and a guide to free on-line documents sorted by activity.

1999-01-01

214

Employee Motivation for Personal Development Plan Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to understand conditions under which personal development plans (PDPs) can effectively be implemented for professional learning. Both the organization's manner of supporting the PDP practice as well as the individual employee's motivation is taken into account. Design/ methodology/approach: A questionnaire was…

Eisele, Lisa; Grohnert, Therese; Beausaert, Simon; Segers, Mien

2013-01-01

215

ISV technology development plan for buried waste  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the main technical issues facing the in situ vitrification (ISV) application to buried waste, and presents a plan showing the top-level schedule and projected resources needed to develop and demonstrate the technology for meeting Environmental Restoration Department (ERD) needs. The plan also proposes a model strategy for the technology transfer from the Department of Energy's Office of Technology Development (DOE-OTD) to the Office of Environmental Restoration (DOE-ER) as the technology proceeds from issues resolution (development) to demonstration and remedial readiness. Implementation of the plan would require $34,91 1K in total funding to be spread in the years FY-93 through FY-98. Of this amount, $10,183K is planned to be funded by DOE-OTD through the ISV Integrated Program. The remaining amount, $24,728K, is recommended to be split between the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development ($6,670K) and DOE Office of Environmental Restoration ($18,058K).

Nickelson, D.F.; Callow, R.A. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Luey, J.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1992-07-01

216

ISV technology development plan for buried waste  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the main technical issues facing the in situ vitrification (ISV) application to buried waste, and presents a plan showing the top-level schedule and projected resources needed to develop and demonstrate the technology for meeting Environmental Restoration Department (ERD) needs. The plan also proposes a model strategy for the technology transfer from the Department of Energy`s Office of Technology Development (DOE-OTD) to the Office of Environmental Restoration (DOE-ER) as the technology proceeds from issues resolution (development) to demonstration and remedial readiness. Implementation of the plan would require $34,91 1K in total funding to be spread in the years FY-93 through FY-98. Of this amount, $10,183K is planned to be funded by DOE-OTD through the ISV Integrated Program. The remaining amount, $24,728K, is recommended to be split between the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development ($6,670K) and DOE Office of Environmental Restoration ($18,058K).

Nickelson, D.F.; Callow, R.A. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Luey, J.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-07-01

217

Development Bank Encourages Natural Disaster Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In an effort to make countries in Latin America and the Caribbean less vulnerable to natural disasters, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) announced on 21 December 2005 that it has developed a new draft disaster risk management policy to encourage its member countries to plan for these events. The IDB, the major development bank for the region, decided to place a focus on natural disaster risk planning following several devastating disasters in the region in the 1990s, including 1998's Hurricane Mitch, said Caroline Clarke, IDB senior specialist in disaster prevention and risk management. The IDB provides loans, technical assistance, and policy guidance to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Zielinski, Sarah

2006-02-01

218

Development Plan for the Fuel Cycle Simulator  

SciTech Connect

The Fuel Cycle Simulator (FCS) project was initiated late in FY-10 as the activity to develop a next generation fuel cycle dynamic analysis tool for achieving the Systems Analysis Campaign 'Grand Challenge.' This challenge, as documented in the Campaign Implementation Plan, is to: 'Develop a fuel cycle simulator as part of a suite of tools to support decision-making, communication, and education, that synthesizes and visually explains the multiple attributes of potential fuel cycles.'

Brent Dixon

2011-09-01

219

Space Station Mission Planning Study (MPS) development study. Volume 3: Software development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software development plan is presented for the definition, design, and implementation of the Space Station (SS) Payload Mission Planning System (MPS). This plan is an evolving document and must be updated periodically as the SS design and operations concepts as well as the SS MPS concept evolve. The major segments of this plan are as follows: an overview of the SS MPS and a description of its required capabilities including the computer programs identified as configurable items with an explanation of the place and function of each within the system; an overview of the project plan and a detailed description of each development project activity breaking each into lower level tasks where applicable; identification of the resources required and recommendations for the manner in which they should be utilized including recommended schedules and estimated manpower requirements; and a description of the practices, standards, and techniques recommended for the SS MPS Software (SW) development.

Klus, W. L.

1987-01-01

220

From Economic Growth to Sustainable Development in a Globalized World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays it is important that developing countries tap themselves fully to a new philosophy of development that is specific to the European Union and widely shared worldwide – namely the philosophy of transition from economic growth to sustainable development. Thus, concrete targets are now pursued, designed to enable transition within a reasonable and realistic time to the development model generating

Craciun Liliana

2011-01-01

221

The Economics of Slums in the Developing World  

E-print Network

The global expansion of urban slums poses questions for economic research as well as problems for policymakers. We provide evidence that the type of poverty observed in contemporary slums of the developing world is ...

Marx, Benjamin

222

Novel cost allocation framework for natural gas processes: methodology and application to plan economic optimization  

E-print Network

NOVEL COST ALLOCATION FRAMEWORK FOR NATURAL GAS PROCESSES: METHODOLOGY AND APPLICATION TO PLAN ECONOMIC OPTIMIZATION A Dissertation by WON-HYOUK JANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... ECONOMIC OPTIMIZATION A Dissertation by WON-HYOUK JANG Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by...

Jang, Won-Hyouk

2004-09-30

223

A labor market based theory of regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The Borts and Stein (1964) theory of regional economic growth and development has been widely accepted and discussed in regional\\u000a economic development literature. Given their assumption that labor demand conditions are invariant between regions and that\\u000a the labor demand is highly wage elastic, they conclude that regional growth is primarily supply driven and differences in\\u000a growth among regions arise

Vijay K. Mathur; Frank M. Song

2000-01-01

224

Economic transition FY 1995 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP)/Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP) WBS 7.4.9  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the WHC Economic Transition Center is to support Hanford`s cleanup mission and to leverage the assets of that mission to promote diversification and long-term sustainability of the regional economy and workforce. Conducting an economic transition program is imperative at sites such as Hanford, which are faced with transition from a defense production mission to a massive cleanup mission, followed by rampdown and site closure. At issue are the human and physical resources of the Site and the final disposition of those resources. Without an effective economic transition program, the federal government will have invested billions of dollars to achieve environmental regulatory compliance without generating any greater return on investment. With an effective economic transition program, the potential exists to redeploy the highly skilled, well-trained, and educated workforce developed and utilized during the Site`s cleanup mission and find productive uses for land, facilities, and equipment. The Economic Transition Center has been divided into the following business areas: outsourcing; spinoffs; technology acquisition; technology transfer; conversion; and cross-cutting partnerships. A work package has been developed for each of these business areas in this Fiscal Year Work Plan.

Schwenk, R.M.

1994-09-01

225

World Development Report 1985. International Capital and Economic Development. World Development Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the contribution that international capital makes to economic development, this report shows how countries at different stages of development have used external finance productively; how the institutional and policy environment affects the volume and composition of financial flows to developing countries; and how the international…

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC.

226

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning criteria. (a) The Field...

2014-10-01

227

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning criteria. (a) The Field...

2013-10-01

228

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning criteria. (a) The Field...

2011-10-01

229

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of planning criteria. (a) The Field...

2012-10-01

230

Economic Pressure, Parent Personality and Child Development: An Interactionist Analysis  

PubMed Central

The current economic downturn in the U.S. and around the world has refocused attention on the processes through which families and children are affected by economic hardship. This study examines the response to economic pressure of a cohort of youth first studied 20 years ago as adolescents and now grown to adulthood. A total of 271 of the original G2 adolescents (M age = 25.6 years) participated in the study with their young child (G3, M age = 2.31 years at the first time of assessment) and the child’s other parent in 81% of the cases. Data analyses were guided by the interactionist model which proposed that positive G2 personality attributes during adolescence would predict lower economic pressure during adulthood and would diminish the negative family processes related to economic pressure expected to disrupt competent G3 development. The findings were consistent with this social selection aspect of the interactionist model. The model also predicted that economic pressure and other aspects of the related family stress process would affect G3 development net of earlier G2 personality. This social causation aspect of the interactionist model also received support. The findings suggest that the relationship between economic conditions and child development reflect a dynamic process of selection and causation that plays out over time and generations. PMID:21209795

Conger, Rand D.; Schofield, Thomas K.; Conger, Katherine J.; Neppl, Tricia K.

2010-01-01

231

E-Learning and Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, our experience in the development and realization of e-Learning courses in Slovenia is described and discussed. Slovenia, the most developed republic of former Yugoslavia, became an EU member in May 2004. In 1991, after its independence from Yugoslavia, Slovenia's transition to a free market economy resulted in lost jobs and an…

Carey, Kelly; Blatnik, Stanko

2005-01-01

232

Population Growth and Economic and Social Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because evidence is clear that in many developing countries development will be postponed indefinitely unless slower population growth can be achieved soon, the international community must work together in a renewed effort to slow population growth. Assistance can be accomplished in three ways: (1) encouraging dialog aimed at forging…

Clausen, A. W.

233

New challenges to power system planning and operation of smart grid development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future development trend of electric power grid is smart grid, which includes such features as secure and reliable, efficient and economical, clean and green, flexible and compatible, open and interactive, integrated and so on. The concept and characteristics of smart grid are introduced in this paper. On the basis of practical national situation, the development plans of smart grid

Zhang Ruihua; Du Yumei; Yuhong Liu

2010-01-01

234

Teaching Local Economic Development Using Problem-Based Service Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The course was a senior-level 3 credit seminar designed primarily for junior and senior economics majors and minors. This capstone-type course offered an opportunity for 18 students to learn about urban economics as it applies to local economic development while being actively involved in the actual practice of community and economic development through a partnership with Burlington's innovative Community and Economic Development Office (CEDO). Specifically, Students conducted the following activities for CEDO's economic development division: 1. Collected data to enable an up-to-date understanding of economic/demographic trends and conditions in Burlington and the region. CEDO has previously hired outside consultants to periodically produce a data rich document titled "Jobs and People." My students put together "Jobs and People IV." Key contributions unique to J&P IV were the construction of time series based on NAICS instead of SIC industry codes and the addition of variables to reflect Burlington's movement away from manufacturing to an economy based more on the arts, technology and sustainable agriculture. This report is now used throughout the state of Vermont. 2. Developed a dataset in excel with formulas and sources that makes it easy for CEDO staff to keep "Jobs and People" continuously updated and to modify the data and charts to meet their changing needs. CEDO will now need to rely less on expensive outside consultants. Students conducted the following activities for CEDO's community development division: 1. Conducted a survey of Burlington residents on their quality of life in the historical but economically challenged Old North End neighborhood. The survey was also designed to gather information about the types of supports residents want and to identify the role played by CEDO sponsored neighborhood associations in resident perceptions of quality of life.

Brooks, Nancy

235

7 CFR 1781.15 - Planning and performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT (RCD) LOANS AND WATERSHED (WS) LOANS AND ADVANCES § 1781.15 Planning and performing development. Planning and performing development...

2011-01-01

236

7 CFR 1781.15 - Planning and performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT (RCD) LOANS AND WATERSHED (WS) LOANS AND ADVANCES § 1781.15 Planning and performing development. Planning and performing development...

2012-01-01

237

7 CFR 1781.15 - Planning and performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT (RCD) LOANS AND WATERSHED (WS) LOANS AND ADVANCES § 1781.15 Planning and performing development. Planning and performing development...

2010-01-01

238

7 CFR 1781.15 - Planning and performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT (RCD) LOANS AND WATERSHED (WS) LOANS AND ADVANCES § 1781.15 Planning and performing development. Planning and performing development...

2014-01-01

239

7 CFR 1781.15 - Planning and performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT (RCD) LOANS AND WATERSHED (WS) LOANS AND ADVANCES § 1781.15 Planning and performing development. Planning and performing development...

2013-01-01

240

Learning sustainable metropolitan development for european students of planning  

E-print Network

1 Learning sustainable metropolitan development for european students of planning Serrano José, project assessment, sustainable developement, team work Introduction Metropolitan areas are experiencing ways which are more sustainable than others. In our planning training, we teach sustainable development

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

241

Aggregate dynamic economic - ecological models for sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the paper is to formulate a general integrated aggregate dynamic model for sustainable development, that will be both simple in structure and able to deal with the main objectives, processes, and constraints applying to sustainable development in closed economic - ecological systems. General characteristics of models to be used for sustainable development are discussed. It turns out

J C J M van den Bergh; P Nijkamp

1991-01-01

242

Moving Off the Straight Path in Economic Development Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a feminist economist who works on gender and development issues, I find that one key constraint to integrating economic and sexual justice is the way that development and international aid initiatives work to normalize gender and sexual identities. Political economy accounts of development often ignore the entrenched nature of heteronormativity in their thinking, in which reproductive heterosexuality is seen

Suzanne Bergeron

243

Financial modeling of new product development economics  

E-print Network

Product design and development is a complex process that involves extensive engineering considerations as well as management decisions based on the overall vision for the product. Traditionally, most decision making in ...

Balasubramaniam, Anitha

2014-01-01

244

3 CFR - Biofuels and Rural Economic Development  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...investments in renewable fuels as needed to preserve...reducing our dependence on fossil fuels by providing, within...development and construction costs of demonstration-scale...to replace the use of fossil fuels in plant operations...

2010-01-01

245

Essays on social networks in development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the role that social networks play in developing economies. The first two chapters analyze econometric issues that arise when researchers work with sampled network data. The final two chapters study ...

Chandrasekhar, Arun Gautham

2012-01-01

246

Fast Economic Development Accelerates Biological Invasions in China  

PubMed Central

Increasing levels of global trade and intercontinental travel have been cited as the major causes of biological invasion. However, indirect factors such as economic development that affect the intensity of invasion have not been quantitatively explored. Herein, using principal factor analysis, we investigated the relationship between biological invasion and economic development together with climatic information for China from the 1970s to present. We demonstrate that the increase in biological invasion is coincident with the rapid economic development that has occurred in China over the past three decades. The results indicate that the geographic prevalence of invasive species varies substantially on the provincial scale, but can be surprisingly well predicted using the combination of economic development (R2?=?0.378) and climatic factors (R2?=?0.347). Economic factors are proven to be at least equal to if not more determinant of the occurrence of invasive species than climatic factors. International travel and trade are shown to have played a less significant role in accounting for the intensity of biological invasion in China. Our results demonstrate that more attention should be paid to economic factors to improve the understanding, prediction and management of biological invasions. PMID:18030342

Lin, Wen; Zhou, Guofa; Cheng, Xinyue; Xu, Rumei

2007-01-01

247

APPLICATION OF SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA TO STELLA, MISSOURI-ECONOMIC PLANNING-PRELIMINARY SITE INFORMATION AND ELEMENTS OF THE MASTER PLAN-16NOV2006 (1130)  

EPA Science Inventory

Economic systems constraints and performance requirements that are essential to providing goods and services, jobs, and a functioning economic system form a list of criteria for planning a sustainable economy. This presentation places these economic criteria in the context of Ste...

248

Economic Development Web Site: State and Local Policy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Development Web Site is maintained by the State and Local Policy Program, in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, at the University of Minnesota. The site provides various resources related to economic development at the regional level. Visitors may want to start with Understanding Your Industries -- A Framework for Industry Analysis, which will examine several different analytical tools (both quantitative and qualitative) that help to describe how key industries cluster in a particular area. Several examples of areas that include industry cluster in their development strategies are available. There are also "ten key principles for developing a cutting edge economic development strategy for your area" and links to both national and state data coupled with a description of the data.

249

Economic development with limited supplies of family labor: Chinese peasant families in balancing demographic and economic requisites.  

PubMed

Family planning (FP) in rural China, particularly the ramifications of the 1-child policy, has profound implications and ramifications for family-centered social and economic life in addition to demographic control. Under a constitutionally endorsed policy of strict birth control, favorable economic opportunities coexisted with the problem of familial labor shortages. Recent reform policies have led to a more relaxed FP environment. The Chinese state is in a dilemma between the need to allow peasant's autonomy in determining the familial work situation and the population pressure on the limited cultivated land. The Chinese experience of rural reform is examined in terms of the complex relationship between population change and economic development which are influenced by the production and welfare activities of the peasant family. The theoretical argument is that a family reliant strategy of economic reform undercuts the effectiveness of population control programs. The ultimate solution lies with sustained industrialization with high labor absorption. National trends and the Dahe People's Commune/Township experience are analyzed. Discussion is focused on the dilemma of FP and family production, old and new evidence of family size and economic performance, welfare outcome of family size, the role of the state in altering the demographic balance sheet, and the strategic response of peasant families to bring families of old designs back and urban migration and proletarianization. It is concluded that there is growing understanding that the causal relationships between population growth and economic development do not clearly support universal population control. Human social organization, not the man/land ratio, shapes the consequences of population growth. The implications for the Malthusian vs. Marxian debate for developing countries are that the resources/population imbalance needs to consider more carefully the human organizational factors. Mao's notions that a revolutionary transformation of the social organization of production in China would resolve overpopulation have since been rectified by opposing ideological positions: changing the basic mode of production through institutional decollectivization and checking population growth with the 1-child policy. This dilemma in rural areas translates to greater productivity and diversification with Chinese families having abundant adult labor and secured by the number of sons. It is difficult to substantiate the benefit of small families for peasants theoretically. Political rewards have been curtailed by economic declines. The peasant family has adapted by reconstituting old family forms and kin networks and by out-migration and nonagricultural employment. PMID:12285338

Chang, K S

1991-07-01

250

Participative Strategic Planning with an Eye toward Economic Analysis. AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principles of developing a comprehensive planning model for a college are considered, and experiences in using the strategic planning model at Cardinal Stritch College (Wisconsin) are addressed. Important components of the planning process are articulating a mission, determining parameters and objectives while completing internal and external…

Johnson, Tera; Jonas, Peter M.

251

Long Range Campus Development Plan Elements and Principles  

E-print Network

Campus Development Plan (Plan). Early in the public planning process, eight Planning Principles (see page of approximately 950 acres. This includes College of Agriculture and Montana Agricultural Experiment Station lands image and provides functionality. One consideration of land use is development density. Land used

Maxwell, Bruce D.

252

Sustainable Development from the Perspective of Spatial Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the article is to present the importance of environmental sustainability from a national spatial planning perspective. The article raises the following questions: What is sustainability from a spatial planning perspective? Why national and regional spatial planning is necessary to achieve more sustainable development? How can national spatial planning contribute to sustainable development? Howare national governments responding to

Beata Mróz

2003-01-01

253

Multisectoral economic models for developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feature of the economies of many less developed countries (LDC's) is their heavy reliance for foreign exchange earnings on a few export commodities whose markets are characterised by low income elasticities on the demand side and whose supply is continually expanding under the influence of improved production technologies while remaining highly sensitive to year weather conditions. Given these commodity

David Vincent

1981-01-01

254

Feminist Economics of Inequality, Development, and Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines connections between intergroup inequality and macroeconomic outcomes, considering various channels through which gender, growth, and development interact. It upholds the salience not only of equality in opportunities but also equality in outcomes. The contribution argues that inequalities based on gender, race, ethnicity, and class undermine the ability to provision and expand capabilities, and it examines the macroeconomic

Günseli Berik; Yana van der Meulen Rodgers; Stephanie Seguino

2009-01-01

255

A Manual for Planning a Secondary School Building, Pamphlet C-6, Home Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The home economics suite should be planned in relation to the number of teaching stations required and the types of activities that will be carried on in the various rooms. Rooms and spaces under consideration include clothing laboratories, combination or multiple use teaching stations, and auxiliary rooms. Maximum flexibility of use is possible…

Wohlers, A. E.

256

75 FR 10219 - Solicitation of Applications for the FY 2010 University Center Economic Development Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...regional economic development by promoting a favorable business environment to attract private...Center Economic Development Program competition...federal economic development agenda by promoting...favorable business environment to attract...

2010-03-05

257

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2013-01-01

258

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2012-01-01

259

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2014-01-01

260

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2012-01-01

261

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2011-01-01

262

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2011-01-01

263

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2013-01-01

264

MEDITERRANEAN ACTION PLAN MEDITERRANEAN COMMISSION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

MEDITERRANEAN ACTION PLAN MEDITERRANEAN COMMISSION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MEDITERRANEAN;MEDITERRANEAN STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

265

Servicer system demonstration plan and capability development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An orbital maneuvering vehicle (OMV) front end kit is defined which is capable of performing in-situ fluid resupply and modular maintenance of free flying spacecraft based on the integrated orbital servicing system (IOSS) concept. The compatibility of the IOSS to perform gas and fluid umbilical connect and disconnect functions utilizing connect systems currently available or in development is addressed. A series of tasks involving on-orbit servicing and the engineering test unit (ETU) of the on-orbit service were studied. The objective is the advancement of orbital servicing by expanding the Spacecraft Servicing Demonstration Plan (SSDP) to include detail demonstration planning using the Multimission Modular Spacecraft (MMS) and upgrading the ETU control.

1987-01-01

266

Terrestrial Planet Finder: Technology Development Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of humanity's oldest questions is whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. The Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission will survey stars in our stellar neighborhood to search for planets and perform spectroscopic measurements to identify potential biomarkers in their atmospheres. In response to the recently published President's Plan for Space Exploration, TPF has plans to launch a visible-light coronagraph in 2014, and a separated-spacecraft infrared interferometer in 2016. Substantial funding has been committed to the development of the key technologies that are required to meet these goals for launch in the next decade. Efforts underway through industry and university contracts and at JPL include a number of system and subsystem testbeds, as well as components and numerical modeling capabilities. The science, technology, and design efforts are closely coupled to ensure that requirements and capabilities will be consistent and meet the science goals.

Lindensmith, Chris

2004-01-01

267

Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This critique argues that the preponderance of theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence suggests a positive, first-order relationship between financial development and economic growth. The body of work would push even most skeptics toward the belief that the development of financial markets and institutions is a critical and inextricable part of the growth process and away from the view that the

Ross Levine

1997-01-01

268

Home Economics: Child Development. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, a curriculum guide in home economics on child development, for secondary schools, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

269

Economic Development and the Escape from High Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. — This paper studies the characteristic features of the escape from high mortality as re- corded from the historical experience of Northwestern Europe and from the current experience of less developed countries. The paper documents stylized facts of mortality change and measures the contribution of economic development, represented by income per capita, to the mortality decline during the second

Javier A. Birchenall

2007-01-01

270

Economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an introduction to this special issue of The Journal of Development Studies on economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries. In addition to providing a conceptual framework, it outlines how the contributions fit into the extant literature. A series of regularities emerge across these studies. The poor consist of those who are always poor — poor

Bob Baulch; John Hoddinott

2000-01-01

271

Youth Employment and Neighborhood Economic Development: Case Studies and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The product of a study of urban Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) programs involving youths aged 16-22 that would result in real or potential job creation and community economic development, this report consists of 24 case studies and a series of recommendations pertaining to the development of similar programs in Illinois.…

Engbretson, William E.; Levine, Eugene A.

272

Leading Economic Development across Ontario: Achievements and Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper has been developed by the Association of Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology of Ontario (ACAATO) to advance a strong college system that will continue to contribute to economic development in Ontario. Each year the colleges provide accessible quality career education and training in English and French to over one million adults. The…

Association of Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology of Ontario, North York.

273

Integrated Microbial Technology for Developing Countries: Springboard for Economic Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the current use of microbial technology in industrialized countries to develop substitute sources of fuel, food, and fertilizer and why it is important for developing countries to adopt the techniques described to gain economically. A list of references is also presented. (HM)

DaSilva, Edgar J.; And Others

1978-01-01

274

Helping the Discarded Generation: Youth Employment and Community Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains and illustrates features of community economic development (CDC) organizations using two Canadian examples (Learnxs Foundation, Inc., and Learning Enrichment Foundation). Proposes CDCs as a way to improve youth employment and community development. Discusses youth employment programs in Germany, Austria, Britain, and the United States and…

Shuttleworth, Dale

1984-01-01

275

AMERICAN INDIAN CASINO GAMBLING: ISSUES OF COMMUNITY VERSUS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Antell, Blevins, and Jensen present a useful description of the policy conflicts between Indian casino gambling and tribal sovereignty. However, they fail to distinguish casino gaming as a form of community versus economic development in terms of general American Indian tribal community well-being. Legal tension certainly exists between the states (mandated by federal legislation to develop gambling compacts with the

Rebecca T. Richards

2000-01-01

276

Economic and Workforce Development. [Final Task Force Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the vision and priorities of Howard Community College's (HCC's) Economic and Workforce Development Task Force. The task force's commission was to identify the long- and short-term skills businesses will demand of the workforce in the Greater Baltimore area and what Howard Community College must do to continue developing

Howard Community Coll., Columbia, MD.

277

http://edq.sagepub.com Economic Development Quarterly  

E-print Network

Economic Development Quarterly AnnaLee Saxenian Silicon Valley's New Immigrant High-Growth Entrepreneurs DEVELOPMENT QUARTERLY / February 2002Saxenian / SILICON VALLEY'S NEW IMMIGRANTS Silicon Valley's New Immigrant engineers were senior executives at one quar- ter of Silicon Valley's technology businesses. These immigrant

Saxenian, AnnaLee

278

KSC Education Technology Research and Development Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Educational technology is facilitating new approaches to teaching and learning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Cognitive research is beginning to inform educators about how students learn providing a basis for design of more effective learning environments incorporating technology. At the same time, access to computers, the Internet and other technology tools are becoming common features in K-20 classrooms. Encouraged by these developments, STEM educators are transforming traditional STEM education into active learning environments that hold the promise of enhancing learning. This document illustrates the use of technology in STEM education today, identifies possible areas of development, links this development to the NASA Strategic Plan, and makes recommendations for the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Education Office for consideration in the research, development, and design of new educational technologies and applications.

Odell, Michael R. L.

2003-01-01

279

Site-specific development plan: Carlin, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The conditions for developing the geothermal resource near Carlin appear favorable. The resource has a favorable temperature range for direct applications (174/sup 0/F or 79/sup 0/C), the geothermal fluid has low total dissolved solids, no objectionable constituents that would result in costly scaling or corrosion problems and the resource is conveniently located within two miles from town. Direct space heating is the most realistic application and is recommended. Several clusters of homes are located less than 2 miles away. The project could be developed on a larger scale than this study proposes. The engineering and economic models are proposed on a small scale here for simplicity in evaluating the feasibility of pursuing development. Conceivably the producing well will provide sufficient hot water to accommodate more homes than the models include. The town of Carlin seems receptive to development and there does not appear to be any major barriers to exploration or development. The regulatory climate in both the state and county is conducive to geothermal development at this level. No major regulatory or environmental obstacles are noted which would severely curtail utilization for space heating. The prospect of replacing natural gas heat with geothermal heat for 60 or more homes is economically attractive. Geothermal rates for hot water are not expected to increase as rapidly as the price of natural gas to the consumer over the next 10 years. The increases for hot water from geothermal are primarily a function of power costs for the pumps plus inflation affecting maintenance costs. Individual homeowners can expect payback on retrofitting costs within two to three years.

Fiore, J.H.

1980-01-01

280

State and local economic development tools : how does the range of state-level economic development tools available to a locality influence the way local resources are deployed?  

E-print Network

Patterns in Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) expenditures for economic development in selected states were analyzed to explore whether differences in economic development tools, policies and programs available at ...

Piercy, Brett I. (Brett Ianthe)

2010-01-01

281

Least-cost planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The electric power industry in developing countries, as in the rest of the world, faces least-cost planning problems characterized by a range of supply-side and demand-side options, multiple conflicting objectives, and pervasive uncertainty. Two recent least-cost planning studies were sponsored by the World Bank and carried out by utilities in Hungary and Costa Rica. Although the circumstances in the two countries are very different, and the studies were carried out by different teams, they reached similar conclusions. First, both studies concluded that availability of capital was a key ingredient in developing least-cost plans. This conclusion is particularly important for developing countries since their capital requirements for power supply expansion are huge, thus indicating the need for seekin new ways of mobilizing financial resources and the adoption of policies to encourage more efficient production and end use of power. Second, both utilities were able to do thorough multi-objective and risk analyses. Third, both studies found that the multi-objective and risk analyses led to some conclusions which differed from those reached by traditional optimization, and included some surprises. In particular, the Hungarian analysis pointed to more gas turbine capacity than was previously envisaged, and found that electricity imports were an attractive option. Implementation of load management was also a winner, at least as a hedge. The Costa Rican analysis concluded that varying the power supply mix was not desireable: the utility should continue its reliance on hydro, with minor additions of thermal capacity, but eschewing baseload coal or heavy geothermal development, and with diesels preferred to gas turbines.

Merrill, H.M.; Crousillat, E.O.; Doerfner, P.; Alvarado, P.

1993-02-01

282

Reservoir Simulation Used to Plan Diatomite Developement in Mountainous Region  

E-print Network

's ideal development plan. The steep hillsides prevent well pad development for about 22 vertical well locations in the 110 well expansion plan. Conventional production performs poorly in the area because the combination of relatively low permeability (1...

Powell, Richard

2012-10-19

283

45 CFR 400.79 - Development of an employability plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Development of an employability plan. 400.79 Section 400.79...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.79 Development of an employability plan. (a) An individual...

2012-10-01

284

45 CFR 400.79 - Development of an employability plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Development of an employability plan. 400.79 Section 400.79...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.79 Development of an employability plan. (a) An individual...

2014-10-01

285

45 CFR 400.79 - Development of an employability plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Development of an employability plan. 400.79 Section 400.79...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.79 Development of an employability plan. (a) An individual...

2010-10-01

286

45 CFR 400.79 - Development of an employability plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Development of an employability plan. 400.79 Section 400.79...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.79 Development of an employability plan. (a) An individual...

2013-10-01

287

45 CFR 400.79 - Development of an employability plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Development of an employability plan. 400.79 Section 400.79...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Requirements for Employability Services and Employment General Requirements § 400.79 Development of an employability plan. (a) An individual...

2011-10-01

288

44 CFR 201.5 - Enhanced State Mitigation Plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...planning initiatives (comprehensive, growth management, economic development, capital improvement, land development, and/or emergency management plans...grants, or coordinated capability development of local officials, including...

2011-10-01

289

Center Planning and Development Student Engineer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This fall I was the Student Trainee (Engineering) Pathways Intern (co-op) at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in the Center Planning Development (CPD) Directorate. CPD works with commercial companies who are interested using KSCs unique capabilities in spaceflight, spacecraft processing, ground systems and Research Development (RD) projects that fall in line with NASAs mission and goals. CPD is divided into four (4) groups: (1) AD-A, which works on the Master Planning for center, (2) AD-B (where I am), which works on project management and integration, (3) AD-C, which works on partnership development, and (4) AD-T, which works on the RD aspects of partnerships. CPDs main goal is to one day make KSC the worlds largest spaceport and maintain the center as a leader in space exploration. CPD is a very diverse group with employees having a wide knowledge of not only the Space Shuttle, but also that of the Apollo era. Our director of CPD, Scott Colloredo, is on the advisory board for Commercial Space Operations (CSO) and has a degree at ERAU. I worked on a number of different tasks for AD-B, as well as CPD, that includes, but not limited to: reviewing and reissuing engineering drawings from the Apollo and Shuttle eras, to supporting NASA rocket launches (MAVEN), and working on actual agreementsproposals that will be used in the partnership process with multiple partners. Most of the work I have done is sensitive information and cannot be disclosed.

Jenkins, Kenneth T.

2013-01-01

290

A plan for the economic assessment of the benefits of improved meteorological forecasts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Benefit-cost relationships for the development of meteorological satellites are outlined. The weather forecast capabilities of the various weather satellites (Tiros, SEOS, Nimbus) are discussed, and the development of additional satellite systems is examined. A rational approach is development that leads to the establishment of the economic benefits which may result from the utilization of meteorological satellite data. The economic and social impacts of improved weather forecasting for industries and resources management are discussed, and significant weather sensitive industries are listed.

Bhattacharyya, R.; Greenberg, J.

1975-01-01

291

A plan for application system verification tests: The value of improved meteorological information, volume 1. [economic consequences of improved meteorological information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The framework within which the Applications Systems Verification Tests (ASVTs) are performed and the economic consequences of improved meteorological information demonstrated is described. This framework considers the impact of improved information on decision processes, the data needs to demonstrate the economic impact of the improved information, the data availability, the methodology for determining and analyzing the collected data and demonstrating the economic impact of the improved information, and the possible methods of data collection. Three ASVTs are considered and program outlines and plans are developed for performing experiments to demonstrate the economic consequences of improved meteorological information. The ASVTs are concerned with the citrus crop in Florida, the cotton crop in Mississippi and a group of diverse crops in Oregon. The program outlines and plans include schedules, manpower estimates and funding requirements.

1976-01-01

292

State Appalachian Development Plans and Investment Programs for Fiscal Year 1980. ABSTRACTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), established by Congress in 1965 as a means of relieving the chronic economic and social distresses of the Appalachian region, is composed of the governors of the 13 states that comprise Appalachia. Local development plans, based upon needs and priorities, are presented to ARC every year by the governor of…

Appalachian Regional Commission, Washington, DC.

293

Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities?: Urban Planning and the Contradictions of Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Nothing inherent in the discipline steers planners either toward environmental protection or toward economic development -- or toward a third goal of planning: social equity. Instead, planners work within the tension generated among these three fundamental aims, which, collectively, I call the \\

Scott Campbell; Just Cities

1996-01-01

294

Community Economic Development Law : A Text For Engaged Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community Economic Development Law: A Text for Engaged Learning provides a flexible set of materials that faculty can customize to meet the goals of the stand-alone community development class, or the pedagogical needs of community development law clinics. The text enables students to approach the substantive material as would problem-solving, community-based practitioners. They do so by entering the community of

Susan D. Bennett; Brenda Bratton Blom; Louise A. Howells; Deborah S. Kenn

2012-01-01

295

Fuel Fabrication Capability Research and Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to provide a comprehensive review of the mission of the Fuel Fabrication Capability (FFC) within the Global Threat Reduction Initiative Convert Program, along with research and development (R&D) needs that have been identified as necessary to ensuring mission success. The design and fabrication of successful nuclear fuels must be closely linked endeavors. Therefore, the overriding motivation behind the FFC R&D program described in this plan is to foster closer integration between fuel design and fabrication to reduce programmatic risk. These motivating factors are all interrelated, and progress addressing one will aid understanding of the others. The FFC R&D needs fall into two principal categories, 1) baseline process optimization, to refine the existing fabrication technologies, and 2) manufacturing process alternatives, to evaluate new fabrication technologies that could provide improvements in quality, repeatability, material utilization, or cost. The FFC R&D Plan examines efforts currently under way in regard to coupon, foil, plate, and fuel element manufacturing, and provides recommendations for a number of R&D topics that are of high priority but not currently funded (i.e., knowledge gaps). The plan ties all FFC R&D efforts into a unified vision that supports the overall Convert Program schedule in general, and the fabrication schedule leading up to the MP-1 and FSP-1 irradiation experiments specifically. The fabrication technology decision gates and down-selection logic and schedules are tied to the schedule for fabricating the MP-1 fuel plates, which will provide the necessary data to make a final fuel fabrication process down-selection. Because of the short turnaround between MP-1 and the follow-on FSP-1 and MP-2 experiments, the suite of specimen types that will be available for MP-1 will be the same as those available for FSP-1 and MP-2. Therefore, the only opportunity to explore parameter space and alternative processing is between now and 2016 when the candidate processes are down-selected in preparation for the MP-1, FSP-1, and MP-2 plate manufacturing campaigns. A number of key risks identified by the FFC are discussed in this plan, with recommended mitigating actions for those activities within FFC, and identification of risks that are impacted by activities in other areas of the Convert Program. The R&D Plan does not include discussion of FFC initiatives related to production-scale manufacturing of fuel (e.g., establishment of the Pilot Line Production Facility), rather, the goal of this plan is to document the R&D activities needed ultimately to enable high-quality and cost-effective production of the fuel by the commercial fuel fabricator. The intent is for this R&D Plan to be a living document that will be reviewed and updated on a regular basis (e.g., annually) to ensure that FFC R&D activities remain properly aligned to the needs of the Convert Program. This version of the R&D Plan represents the first annual review and revision.

Senor, David J.; Burkes, Douglas

2014-04-17

296

EEP Contractors Vegetation Monitoring Plan Development  

E-print Network

Plan Apply Vegetation Monitoring Plan Decision Tree CVS Entry Database Calculate minimum number of plots Approve Vegetation Monitoring Plan and Overall Mitigation Plan Email CVS CVS-EEP Archive Database or Monitoring Firm Add new project to Entry Database #12;EEP Contractors Reporting Phase 1 CVS Vegetation

Peet, Robert K.

297

Economic prerequisites for the development of nuclear power  

SciTech Connect

The development of nuclear power, as no other field of human endeavor, has revealed the need for predicting the consequences of nuclear power not only in the production of energy itself, but also in the ecology, economics, and even politics. On the one hand, the future of nuclear power is determined by a society`s attitude toward nuclear power and depends on economic possibilities. On the other hand, the future society and the economic situation that will develop in the world will largely depend on the amount of energy accessible to mankind and the method used to obtain it, and therefore also the relative contribution of atomic energy to the total balance of energy production. In declaring its attitude toward nuclear power, society is now determining to a definite extent not only the future of nuclear power but also nuclear power itself. This article is an abstract of the entire report.

Chernilin, Y.F.

1995-10-01

298

Introduction to the Tort of Negligence as It Pertains to the Medical Office. Medical Law and Economics, Lesson Plan No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as part of a 40-hour course in medical law and economics, this lesson plan was developed to enable students to: (1) define and give examples of the tort of negligence in the medical profession; (2) distinguish between and give examples of personal and professional negligence; (3) be able to identify, for a given situation, the three major…

Young, Joan

299

The Benefits of Early Child Development Programs: An Economic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a framework for estimating the economic benefits of early child development (ECD) programs and applies the framework to preliminary data from the Bolivian ECD program (known as the PIDI Project). The evaluation quantifies the benefits of increased lifetime productivity as a result of ECD enrollment. The evaluation also takes…

van der Gaag, Jacques; Tan, Jee-Peng

300

Regional distribution of China's science and technology and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The regional imbalance of economic development is one of the fundamental characteristics of China's national condition. A prevailing viewpoint is held that there is an increasingly widening gap in per capita GDP and per capita net income between individuals in China since the 1978 opening & reforming policy. To analyze the interrelationship between S&T and the economy as well as

Guisheng Wu; Jizhen Li

2001-01-01

301

Industrialization and Economic Development in Advanced Placement Human Geography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the industrialization and economic development section of the Advanced Placement (AP) human geography course, addressing four specific aspects: (1) the character of industrialization; (2) spatial aspects of the rise of industrial economies; (3) contemporary global patterns of industrialization and resource extraction; and (4) impacts of…

Bailey, Adrian J.

2000-01-01

302

Economic Development, Human Capital, and Gender Earnings Differentials in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender earnings differentials in China during the course of development in the post-reform period were examined. The analysis showed that the female-male earnings ratio increased over time in all regions. The region with relatively rapid economic reforms had the highest female-male earnings ratio. Decomposition of the gender earnings differential…

Ng, Ying Chu

2004-01-01

303

Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China  

E-print Network

Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China Qiang He1 , Mark D. Bertness2 , John F Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China, 2 Department, Shanghai 200433, China, 5 Division of Climate Change Thermodynamics and Systems Ecology, College

304

Manpower Aspects of Recent Economic Developments in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examined economic growth and manpower policy and developments in Europe. Chapter I presents statistical data on labor force growth, trends in unemployment, occupational structure, and technological change for 1950-65 and made projections for 1965-80. The second chapter is an analysis of the relationship of manpower policy to general…

International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

305

The New Economic Development Role of the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the broadened role of the community college in workforce preparation and economic development over the last 20 years, describing its main contours, explaining why and how it arose, and assessing its impact on students, firms, and community colleges. As part of the study, questions were raised about the costs, as well as…

Dougherty, Kevin, J.; Bakia, Marianne, F.

306

Making the Connection: Disarmament, Development and Economic Conversion. A Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of articles which have been selected to provide insight into different aspects of the relationship between the two most pressing and challenging issues of the current time. The first is the need to achieve a just level of economic development for two-thirds of the world's population that live in poverty. The second is the…

Gold, Howard, Ed.

307

International Outreach: Auburn University's Role in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights Auburn University's (Alabama) human-resource and economic-development programs in other countries, including an exchange of agricultural leaders with Germany and Hungary, a faculty exchange program with Haiti, student and faculty agricultural and aquacultural exchanges with China, and a number of programs in other countries. (MSE)

Guthrie, Richard L.

1998-01-01

308

UNL Research & Economic Development Growth Initiative DRAFT Summary  

E-print Network

understand UNL's scholarly strengths and relative market position among other research universitiesPage 1 UNL Research & Economic Development Growth Initiative 2012-2017 DRAFT Summary Introduction The University of Nebraska-Lincoln is ranked as one of the top U.S. universities in research growth over the last

Powers, Robert

309

A Portfolio of Community College Initiatives in Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges across the United States have initiated programs that are making an impact on the productivity of rural America and its residents. Profiles of 20 community and technical college initiatives in rural economic development are contained in this report intended for use by community and technical college administrators. The programs…

Thomas, Margaret G.

310

Public Policy for Economic Development: The Two-Edged Sword.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a national survey of state directors of community college education, which examined state legislation affecting community colleges. Examines trends toward the formation of a public policy framework for economic development. Summarizes findings with respect to legislative actions affecting groups, programs, structures, incentives, and…

Martorana, S. V.; Garland, Peter H.

1984-01-01

311

Commercialization of University Research for Technology-Based Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study investigates the hypothesized relationship between US federally funded university research and development (R&D) and its resulting economic impact, as measured by the level of licensing revenue generated by US universities. The author also examines the key operating statistics of the top-ten licensing income-producing…

Ferguson, W. Ker

2011-01-01

312

AN ENERGY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS OF CONSTRAINTS ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

There is a strong linear dependence of economic activity as measured by gross domestic product (GDP) on both the fossil fuel energy and the total emergy consumed by nations. Conceptual models of global and regional environmental systems were developed to examine the factors c...

313

RETRAINING AND MIGRATION AS FACTORS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT, PREPARED FOR THE OFFICE OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, FEATURES A REVIEW OF RECENT RESEARCH ON RETRAINING AND MIGRATION AS INDEPENDENT AND INTERACTING FACTORS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIES. FINDINGS ARE ALSO RELATED TO CURRENT UNITED STATES MANPOWER POLICY AND TO RETRAINING AND RELOCATION SCHEMES IN WESTERN EUROPE. IN THE UNITED STATES,…

SOMERS, GERALD G.

314

Behavioural Development Economics: Lessons from Field Labs in the Developing World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explanations of poverty, growth and development depend on the assumptions made about individual preferences and the willingness to engage in strategic behaviour. Economic experiments, especially those conducted in the field, have begun to paint a picture of economic agents in developing communities that is at variance with the traditional portrait. We review this growing literature with an eye towards preference-related

Juan Camilo Cardenas; Jeffrey Carpenter

2008-01-01

315

Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Health Organisation's (WHO) Commission on Macroeconomics and Health yesterday released this 210-page report on the role of health in global economic development. The Commission, which was established in January of last year, finds "that extending the coverage of crucial health services, including a relatively small number of specific interventions, to the world's poor could save millions of lives each year, reduce poverty, spur economic development, and promote global security." The report recommends an effort on the part of developing and developed nations alike and argues that millions of lives would be saved annually if cooperating countries invested one tenth of one percent of national income. At the site, users can download the report in full or by section.

2001-01-01

316

Employability Development Plans: Counseling Participants and Developing EDPs. An Action Planning Guidebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed primarily for counselors within employment and training settings, this guidebook prescribes a method for the participant, counselor, and others to determine the most appropriate mix of programs and services available to enhance the participant's employability. An introduction discusses the Employability Development Plan (EDP) and…

Williams, Fred L.; And Others

317

Children's Services Planning in Northern Ireland: Developing a Planning Model to Address Rights and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on a number of key concepts and planning tools that have been developed or adapted through the inter-agency planning of services for children and young people in Northern Ireland (Children's Services Planning). These conceptual models have been developed between 1999 and 2005 and illustrate the key contribution of Children's…

McTernan, Eamon; Godfrey, Ann

2006-01-01

318

Strategic Development Planning at the Community Level: A Modification to Participatory Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic development planning encompasses the setting of communitywide objectives; appraisal of external forces; analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats; and development of a community-owned strategic plan. As an appropriate method transferred from business, it overcomes criticisms of other community participatory planning

Warner, Michael

1996-01-01

319

75 FR 80850 - Development of Strategic Plan 2011-2015  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...CORPORATION Development of Strategic Plan 2011-2015 AGENCY: Legal Services Corporation. ACTION...develop a Strategic Plan for the years 2011-2015. Toward that end, LSC is soliciting suggestions...new Strategic Plan for the years 2011-2015. Toward that end, LSC is soliciting...

2010-12-23

320

Development Plan for Relocation to the Nichols Avenue School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School (TMA) submits its Development Plan for the renovation and improvements to the Nichols Avenue School building and site, which will serve as the future home for their school. Working with an experienced planning, design and construction team, they have prepared a Development Plan

21st Century School Fund, 2004

2004-01-01

321

Conceptual Framework and Guidelines for Establishing Geographic Information Systems Capable of Integrating Natural Resources Data and Socio-Economic Data for Development-Oriented Planning, Monitoring and Research. (Preliminary Version).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary conceptual framework and the 23 related guidelines have been prepared by specialists drawn from both developed and developing nations as a joint project of the International Institute for Aerial Survey and Earth Sciences (ITC). The project was designed to analyze linkages between natural resource based data and certain types of…

de Man, W. H. Erik, Ed.

322

The early planning and development of Oklahoma City  

E-print Network

An analysis of the planning, development, and implementation of Oklahoma City's Grand Boulevard. In the early days of 1909, a plan emerged to build an expansive parks and boulevard system to encircle Oklahoma City. Such ...

Humphreys, Blair D. (Blair David)

2009-01-01

323

Environment, health, and sustainable development: the role of economic instruments and policies.  

PubMed Central

Recent years have seen considerable progress in integrating environmental concerns into the mainstream of development policy and planning. Economic instruments designed explicitly for environmental purposes may help to achieve cost-effective solutions, and generate public revenues. Macroeconomic and sectoral policies may impact heavily upon the environment, and there is much scope for policy reforms that are justified in both economic and environmental terms. Progress in this area has been much more rapid than in the case of health objectives, even though the rationale for environmental improvement is often ultimately related to human health and well-being. It is proposed that lessons from recent experience in the use of economic instruments and policies to achieve environmental objectives are highly relevant for the health sector, which should seek and encourage support for measures that requires consumer and producers of environmentally degrading products to pay for the economic and social costs of the damage resulting from their use. Policy reform at the macroeconomic or sectoral level may yield cost-effective solutions to some health problems, and may even bring about improvements in health status that involve no net cost at all. The countrywide impact of such policies indicate that health agencies, including WHO, should develop the capacity to understand how economic policies and the adjustment process impact upon human health, not only direct through the effect on incomes, but also indirectly, via changes in the natural environment. Ability to conduct rigorous health impact assessment of economic policy reform, which requires a multidisciplinary effort, is a necessary condition if health ministries are to maximize their effectiveness in influencing overall government economic policy. PMID:7614671

Warford, J. J.

1995-01-01

324

Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan  

SciTech Connect

The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

Ramachandran, Pavit, E-mail: pramachandran@adb.org [Environment Specialist (Regional Cooperation), Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila (Philippines); Linde, Lothar, E-mail: lothar.linde@yahoo.de [Asian Development Bank Greater Mekong Subregion Environment Operations Center (RETA 6289), The Offices at Central World 23F, Bangkok (Thailand)

2011-11-15

325

Irrigated Agricultural Expansion Planning in Developing Countries : Income Redistribution Objective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of agricultural expansion investment in improving the income redistribution conditions in society has been of considerable concern to planners. In this paper an approach based on distributing the newly developed land to a poorer sector (landless farmers) in society to gain agricultural revenues and improve their income is investigated. A mathematical optimization model is built to determine the distribution of land and a pricing policy established for the new areas in such a way that (1) a specified (by the government) income increase to the farmers can be achieved, (2) a predetermined level of recovery of the expansion cost can be insured, (3) high agricultural efficiency in the new land can be maintained, and (4) redistribution benefits can be maximized. In a case study application of the model, no conflict is found between the economic efficiency and income redistribution cirtieria in agricultural expansion investment within the planning framework presented in the companion paper (Allam and Marks, this issue). For a specified cost recovery condition it is found that the least cost planning alternatives give the opportunity to the largest number of landless farmers to own the new land and receive a specified income increase from the agricultural revenues, but a conflict between government return from the investment and redistribution objectives is found. This conflict is addressed and the trade-off between the two objectives is illustrated.

Allam, Mohamed N.; Marks, David H.

1984-07-01

326

Warped Geographies of Development: The Internet and Theories of Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is frequently touted as the engine of a new revolution that can eliminate poverty and bring prosperity to producers of crafts and commodities in economically impoverished areas of the world. 'E-commerce', 'commodity chains', the 'digital divide', and 'disintermediation' are all inherently geographical ideas, as well as being integral components to many theories of economic develop- ment. However, despite

Mark Graham

2008-01-01

327

Tourism's Impact on Economic Growth and Development in Spain  

E-print Network

Tourism's Impact on Economic Growth and Development in Spain Jessica Dennis #12;Spanish Civil War,500,000,000 International Tourism Receipts 1960-2008 (US$ in year 2000) #12;$0 $200,000,000,000 $400,000,000,000 $600 (US$ in the year 2000) #12;0.00% 1.00% 2.00% 3.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% International Tourism Receipts

New Hampshire, University of

328

USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

2005-05-01

329

Thinking around the Corner: The Development of Planning Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to plan and search ahead is essential for problem solving in most situations in everyday life. To investigate the development of planning and related processes, a sample of four- and five-year-old children was examined in a variant of the Tower of London, a frequently used neuropsychological assessment tool of planning abilities. The…

Kaller, Cristopher P.; Rahm, Benjamin; Spreer, Joachim; Mader, Irina; Unterrainer, Josef M.

2008-01-01

330

Developing a Clinical Faculty Practice Plan in a University Clinic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolving concepts and procedures for developing clinical faculty practice plans in a university setting are explored. The objectives of a clinical faculty practice plan are reviewed in the context of the initial planning process, and aspects of organizational schemes, including revenue participation, are discussed. (Author/MLW)

Thrower, Randolph W.; Hasson, James K., Jr.

1983-01-01

331

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development  

E-print Network

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development RELATIONSHIP OF THE POWER PLAN TO THE FISH AND WILDLIFE The Power Act requires that the Council's power plan and Bonneville's resource acquisition program and to accommodate system operations to benefit fish and wildlife. The central purpose of this chapter of the power

332

Processes not Plans are the Key to Strategic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A great deal of emphasis has been placed on what was originally called school development planning and what is now more commonly known as school improvement planning. While attention is now moving to the strategic dimension the danger is to associate strategy with the mechanistic structures of the strategic planning approach. The key to successful…

Davies, Brent

2006-01-01

333

Chemical sensors technology development planning workshop  

SciTech Connect

The workshop participants were asked to: (1) Assess the current capabilities of chemical sensor technologies for addressing US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) needs; (2) Estimate potential near term (one to two years) and intermediate term (three to five years) capabilities for addressing those needs; and (3) Generate a ranked list of specific recommendations on what research and development (R&D) should be funded to provide the necessary capabilities. The needs were described in terms of two pervasive EM problems, the in situ determination of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and selected metals in various matrices at DOE sites. The R&D recommendations were to be ranked according to the estimated likelihood that the product technology will be ready for application within the time frame it is needed and the estimated return on investment. The principal conclusions and recommendations of the workshop are as follows: Chemical sensors capable of in situ determinations can significantly reduce analytical costs; Chemical sensors have been developed for certain VOCs in gases and water but none are currently capable of in situ determination of VOCs in soils; The DOE need for in situ determination of metals in soils cannot be addressed with existing chemical sensors and the prospects for their availability in three to five years are uncertain; Adaptation, if necessary, and field application of laboratory analytical instruments and those few chemical sensors that are already in field testing is the best approach for the near term; The chemical sensor technology development plan should include balanced support for near- and intermediate-term efforts.

Bastiaans, G.J.; Haas, W.J. Jr.; Junk, G.A. [eds.

1993-03-01

334

Economic development: poverty solution for the rural South  

SciTech Connect

The 1970 census showed the South to have 41.3% of the US rural population and 44% of the poor with only 31% of the population. Economic development in the rural South has been limited by a lack of financial and physical capital and by a tradition of discriminatory and conservative institutional practices that restrict development. An experimental Federal program of low-interest loans recognized these problems in the Area Redevelopment Act (ARA) of 1961, later replaced by the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 and the Rural Development Act of 1972. Each of these assumed an infrastructure for job creation and failed to provide for human resource development. The search for an acceptable policy alternative to this approach may find an answer in community and development corporations (CDCs), which transcend political boundaries and allow local people to own and control the businesses they organize or attract, but which are bound by the local financial capability. The authors feel that, until policies recognize the need to have a national balance of urban and rural life, Federal intervention should be confined to a supportive role. 23 references. (DCK)

Briggs, V.M. Jr. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY); Rungeling, B.

1980-10-01

335

Technological development in a dual economy: Alternative policy levers for economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although technological development is widely recognized as a function of human ingenuity and innovation and seen by many development scientists as an important means for achieving economic development, its actual use as a policy lever remains largely underutilized, since the process of its implementation is unclear. This paper attempts to identify operational instruments for supporting technological development so it can

Khalid Saeed; Ponthep Prankprakma

1997-01-01

336

Geothermal development plan: northern Arizona counties  

SciTech Connect

The Northern Counties Area Development Plan evaluated the regional market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. This study identified five potential geothermal resource areas, four of which have low temperature (<90{sup 0}C, 194{sup 0}F) potential and one possible igneous system. The average population growth rate in the Northern Counties is expected to be five percent per year over the next 40 years, with Mohave and Yavapai Counties growing the fastest. Rapid growth is anticipated in all major employment sectors, including trade, service, manufacturing, mining and utilities. A regional energy use analysis is included, containing information on current energy use patterns for all user classes. Water supplies are expected to be adequate for expected growth generally, though Yavapai and Gila Counties will experience water deficiencies. A preliminary district heating analysis is included for the towns of Alpine and Springerville. Both communities are believed located on geothermal resource sites. The study also contains a section identifying potential geothermal resource users in northern Arizona.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

337

The economic determinants of land degradation in developing countries  

PubMed Central

The following paper investigates the economic determinants of land degradation in developing countries. The main trends examined are rural households' decisions to degrade as opposed to conserve land resources, and the expansion of frontier agricultural activity that contributes to forest and marginal land conversion. These two phenomena appear often to be linked. In many developing areas, a poor rural household's decision whether to undertake long-term investment in improving existing agricultural land must be weighed against the decision to abandon this land and migrate to environmentally fragile areas. Economic factors play a critical role in determining these relationships. Poverty, imperfect capital markets and insecure land tenure may reinforce the tendency towards short-term time horizons in production decisions, and may bias land use decisions against long-term land management strategies. In periods of commodity booms and land speculation, wealthier households generally take advantage of their superior political and market power to ensure initial access to better quality resources, in order to capture a larger share of the resource rents. Poorer households are confined either to marginal environmental areas where resource rents are limited, or only have access to resources once they are degraded and rents dissipated.
Overall trends in land degradation and deforestation are examined, followed by an overview of rural households' resource management decisions with respect to land management, frontier agricultural expansion, and migration from existing agricultural land to frontiers. Finally, the discussion focuses on the scope for policy improvements to reduce economic constraints to effective land management.

Barbier, E. B.

1997-01-01

338

The Economics of Human Development and Social Mobility.  

PubMed

This paper distills and extends recent research on the economics of human development and social mobility. It summarizes the evidence from diverse literatures on the importance of early life conditions in shaping multiple life skills and the evidence on critical and sensitive investment periods for shaping different skills. It presents economic models that rationalize the evidence and unify the treatment effect and family influence literatures. The evidence on the empirical and policy importance of credit constraints in forming skills is examined. There is little support for the claim that untargeted income transfer policies to poor families significantly boost child outcomes. Mentoring, parenting, and attachment are essential features of successful families and interventions to shape skills at all stages of childhood. The next wave of family studies will better capture the active role of the emerging autonomous child in learning and responding to the actions of parents, mentors and teachers. PMID:25346785

Heckman, James J; Mosso, Stefano

2014-08-01

339

The economic value of transportation energy contingency planning: An objective model for analyzing the economics of domestic renewable energy for supply augmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Petroleum provides 90% of transportation energy needs. Domestic production is decreasing and global demand is increasing. Risk of escalating prices and supply interruptions are compounded by environmental and military externalities and lost opportunities from the failure to develop alternative domestic resources. Within the context of "energy contingency planning" municipalities should evaluate crisis mitigation strategies. Supply augmentation using domestic renewable fuels is proposed to avert future financial liabilities. A method for calculating the economic value of this strategy is demonstrated. An objective function and associated constraints represent the cost of preparing for each of three possible scenarios: status quo, inflationary and crisis. Constraints ensure that municipal fuel needs are met. Environmental costs may be included. Optimal solutions determine the fuel supply mix for each scenario. A 3 x 3 matrix presents the range of actual costs resulting from preparing for each scenario and subsequent three possible outcomes. The distribution of probabilities of the outcomes is applied to the cost matrix and an "expected value" of preparing for each scenario is calculated. An unanticipated crisis outcome results in. The expected value of the cost of preparing for a crisis is cast as an insurance premium against potential economic liability. Policy makers accept the crisis preparation fuel mix if: (a) they agree with the calculated penalty cost, or (b) they accept the burden of the insurance premium. Green Bay Wisconsin was chosen as a sample municipality. Results show that a perceived 10% chance of crisis requires an annual tax of 4.00 per household to avert economic impacts of 50 million. At a perceived 50% chance of crisis preparing for the crisis would begin to save the municipality money.

Shaten, Richard Jay

1998-12-01

340

Technology development plans for the Mars Sample Return mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mars Sample Return (MSR), a technology-rich mission, is being planned for possible launch in 2013. Project guidelines dictate all technology be at Technology Readiness Level (TRL)-6 by the PDR scheduled for mid-2009. Funding for MSR focused technology development starts in FY05. Over the last year, a MSR technology planning board has assessed technology needs and developed a plan to be

Richard Mattingly; Samad Hayati; Gabriel Udomkesmalee

2005-01-01

341

Turnaround operations analysis for OTV. Volume 3: Technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An integrated technology development plan for the technologies required to process both GBOTVs and SBOTVs are described. The plan includes definition of the tests and experiments to be accomplished on the ground, in a Space Shuttle Sortie Mission, on an Expendable Launch Vehicle, or at the Space Station as a Technology Development Mission (TDM). The plan reflects and accommodates current and projected research and technology programs where appropriate.

1988-01-01

342

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, FY 1993 Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) 1993 Site Development Plan (SDP) provides analysis and policy guidance for the effective use and orderly development of land and facilities at the LBL main site. The SDP directly supports LBL`s role as a multiprogram national laboratory operated by the University of California (UC) for the Department of Energy (DOE). It is a concise policy document, prepared in compliance with DOE Order 4320.1 B, and is coupled to the 1993 Laboratory Integrated Facilities Plan (LIFP). It also serves as the current DOE framework for the implementation of the 1987 Long Range Development Plan (LRDP) approved by the Regents of the University of California. The SDP is updated annually, with periodic major revisions consistent with DOE policy and approved plans of the Regents. The plan is reviewed and approved by the DOE San Francisco Field Office. The specific purposes of the SDP are to: Summarize the mission and community setting of the Laboratory; Describe program trends and projections and future resource requirements; Describe site planning goals and future facilities and land uses; and Describe site planning issues and potential infrastructure replacement solutions. The SDP concisely expresses the policies for future development based on planning concepts, the anticipated needs of research programs, and site potential and constraints. The 1993 LIFP and other planning data provide detailed support for the plans identified in this document.

Not Available

1993-04-01

343

Child Development Is Economic Development. A Conversation with Economist Art Rolnick. Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public dollars spent to stimulate economic development would be more wisely invested in child development programs, according to two different streams of research. Brain research shows the impact of experiences and environments on the developing brain architecture, with weaker architecture leading to increased vulnerability to later problems…

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2006

2006-01-01

344

OPTIMAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING OF OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS FIELD  

E-print Network

OPTIMAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING OF OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS FIELD INFRASTRUCTURE UNDER COMPLEX FISCAL Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Abstract The optimal development planning of offshore oil and gas fields has received, well drilling schedule and production profiles of oil, water and gas in each time period. The model can

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

345

Long Range Development Plan, University of California, Riverside.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A long range development plan, conceived as a general guide to final objectives, uses many diagrams and maps to illustrate the text. The plan is predicated on the assumption that orderly and efficient development of site possibilities is subject to ever-changing influences. The following areas are examined--(1) campus environment, (2) academic…

Russell (George Vernon) and Associates, Architects and Planners.

346

Development and Reliability of the Comprehensive Crisis Plan Checklist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is of vital importance that children are educated in a safe environment. Every school needs to have a well-developed crisis management document containing plans for prevention, intervention, and postvention. We developed the Comprehensive Crisis Plan Checklist (CCPC) to serve as a valuable tool that can be used to assist practitioners with…

Aspiranti, Kathleen B.; Pelchar, Taylor K.; McCLeary, Daniel F.; Bain, Sherry K.; Foster, Lisa N.

2011-01-01

347

Demographic, Employment and Development Trends: The Need for Integrated Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors contend that problems associated with rapid population growth in developing countries must be tackled through comprehensive planning. They discuss impacts of demography on labor supply and demand and migration. Then they propose a practical framework for population and human resource development planning and policy formation. (SK)

Farooq, Ghazi M.; MacKellar, F. Landis

1990-01-01

348

A multidimensional decision-support approach to sustainable development planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of sustainable development has become widely accepted as an instrumental objective of resource planning and environmental policy analysis. Nevertheless, applied planning approaches appropriate to this task have been slow in forthcoming. This paper suggests that one avenue for the application of sustainable development principles to resource management problems may be through multidimensional decision-support models. This approach recognizes that

M. J. Harte; S. C. Lonergan

1995-01-01

349

Economic recession and fertility in the developed world.  

PubMed

This article reviews research on the effects of economic recessions on fertility in the developed world. We study how economic downturns, as measured by various indicators, especially by declining GDP levels, falling consumer confidence, and rising unemployment, were found to affect fertility. We also discuss particular mechanisms through which the recession may have influenced fertility behavior, including the effects of economic uncertainty, falling income, changes in the housing market, and rising enrollment in higher education, and also factors that influence fertility indirectly such as declining marriage rates. Most studies find that fertility tends to be pro-cyclical and often rises and declines with the ups and downs of the business cycle. Usually, these aggregate effects are relatively small (typically, a few percentage points) and of short durations; in addition they often influence especially the timing of childbearing and in most cases do not leave an imprint on cohort fertility levels. Therefore, major long-term fertility shifts often continue seemingly uninterrupted during the recession—including the fertility declines before and during the Great Depression of the 1930s and before and during the oil shock crises of the 1970s. Changes in the opportunity costs of childbearing and fertility behavior during economic downturn vary by sex, age, social status, and number of children; childless young adults are usually most affected. Furthermore, various policies and institutions may modify or even reverse the relationship between recessions and fertility. The first evidence pertaining to the recent recession falls in line with these findings. In most countries, the recession has brought a decline in the number of births and fertility rates, often marking a sharp halt to the previous decade of rising fertility rates. PMID:22066128

Sobotka, Tomáš; Skirbekk, Vegard; Philipov, Dimiter

2011-01-01

350

Economic valuation of climate change adaptation in developing countries.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the literature on the economics of climate change adaptation in developing countries, and identifies three key points for consideration in future studies. One key point is that all development policy should be formulated using forecasts from climate science as a baseline. When this is not done, there is risk that a false status quo without climate change is seen as an implicit baseline. Another key point is that authors must be clearer about their behavioral assumptions: Many studies either (problematically) assume profit maximization on the side of farm households, or do not specify behavioral assumptions at all. A third important point is that the allocation of rights is crucial for the results; if households have a right to maintain their current livelihoods, the costs of climate change in developing countries are considerably greater than traditional willingness-to-pay studies would indicate. Thus, costs and benefits of climate change adaptation cannot be analyzed using economic aspects only; climate science, behavioral science, and legal and moral aspects have crucial implications for the outcome of the analysis. PMID:20146767

Stage, Jesper

2010-01-01

351

11.471 Targeting the Poor: Small Firms, Workers, and Local Economic Development, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

Covers conditions under which public-sector policies, programs, and projects succeed in enhancing the economic activities of poorer groups and micro-regions in developing countries. Topics include local economic development; ...

Tendler, Judith

352

The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human Development*  

PubMed Central

Recent research on the economics of human development deepens understanding of the origins of inequality and excellence. It draws on and contributes to personality psychology and the psychology of human development. Inequalities in family environments and investments in children are substantial. They causally affect the development of capabilities. Both cognitive and noncognitive capabilities determine success in life but to varying degrees for different outcomes. An empirically determined technology of capability formation reveals that capabilities are self-productive and cross-fertilizing and can be enhanced by investment. Investments in capabilities are relatively more productive at some stages of a child’s life cycle than others. Optimal child investment strategies differ depending on target outcomes of interest and on the nature of adversity in a child’s early years. For some configurations of early disadvantage and for some desired outcomes, it is efficient to invest relatively more in the later years of childhood than in the early years. PMID:20209045

Cunha, Flavio; Heckman, James J.

2009-01-01

353

Pollution prevention and its role in sustainable economic development  

SciTech Connect

The recent United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was the largest gathering of governments and heads of states to date. This paper describes the preparatory process for this meeting as well as the recommendations of UNCED. This Conference was essentially about changing behavior -- specifically economic behavior. The implications of sustainable development was among the subjects explored during the 9th World Clean Air Congress in Montreal in September 1992. At a plenary session on the topic, Professor de Lemos, President of Brazil's UNEP Institute, reported on the 1992 UNCED Conference and what it revealed about the impact of business, poverty, and population on the goals of sustainable development. His remarks are included in the article. 8 refs.

Mattos, de Lemos, H. (Federal Univ. of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

1992-12-01

354

The Biofuels Revolution: Understanding the Social, Cultural and Economic Impacts of Biofuels Development on Rural Communities  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this research was an in-depth analysis of the impacts of biofuels industry and ethanol plants on six rural communities in the Midwestern states of Kansas and Iowa. The goal was to provide a better understanding of the social, cultural, and economic implications of biofuels development, and to contribute to more informed policy development regarding bioenergy.Specific project objectives were: 1. To understand how the growth of biofuel production has affected and will affect Midwestern farmers and rural communities in terms of economic, demographic, and socio-cultural impacts; 2. To determine how state agencies, groundwater management districts, local governments and policy makers evaluate or manage bioenergy development in relation to competing demands for economic growth, diminishing water resources, and social considerations; 3. To determine the factors that influence the water management practices of agricultural producers in Kansas and Iowa (e.g. geographic setting, water management institutions, competing water-use demands as well as producersâ?? attitudes, beliefs, and values) and how these influences relate to bioenergy feedstock production and biofuel processing; 4. To determine the relative importance of social-cultural, environmental and/or economic factors in the promotion of biofuels development and expansion in rural communities; The research objectives were met through the completion of six detailed case studies of rural communities that are current or planned locations for ethanol biorefineries. Of the six case studies, two will be conducted on rural communities in Iowa and four will be conducted on rural communities in Kansas. A â??multi-methodâ?ť or â??mixed methodâ?ť research methodology was employed for each case study.

Dr. Theresa L. Selfa; Dr. Richard Goe; Dr. Laszlo Kulcsar; Dr. Gerad Middendorf; Dr. Carmen Bain

2013-02-11

355

Neoclassical and Institutional Economics as Foundations for Human Resource Development Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to more comprehensively understand economics as a foundation of human resource development (HRD), this article reviews economic theories and models pertinent to HRD research and theory building. By examining neoclassical and neoinstitutional schools of contemporary economics, especially the screening model and the internal labor market theory, it is argued that economic theories not only provide a foundation

Greg G. Wang; Elwood F. Holton

2005-01-01

356

Planning for sustainability in China's urban development: status and challenges for Dongtan eco-city project.  

PubMed

With the rapid urbanization in China, the country faces significant challenges in sustainable urban development and actively explores novel ways to expand urban areas while conserving natural resources. Radical changes in city planning are being made to switch to sustainable development, with new cities being designed to be ecologically friendly guided by principles like carbon neutrality and self-sufficiency. This paper introduces the development of the Dongtan eco-city project on Chongming Island, Shanghai and describes how it addresses issues including energy, water, waste, transportation, ecosystem, and social and economic development in its design. The lessons and challenges of eco-city development based on the Dongtan experience are also discussed. If the vision of a zero-carbon emissions sustainable city is successfully realized, Dongtan will serve as a model for developing similar cities across China and the rest of the developing world. Currently, the development of this project is behind schedule and whether the eco-city plan will materialize or not is in question. Even though the project remains mostly on the drawing boards, the planning and preliminary development of Dongtan eco-city have generated significant enthusiasm for green buildings and influenced plans for other sustainable urban development projects in China. PMID:20082005

Cheng, Hefa; Hu, Yuanan

2010-01-01

357

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic...Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform...NOFA) for the Rural Housing and Economic...INFORMATION: The Rural Housing and Economic...Affairs, Housing and Urban Development and...

2011-02-18

358

National Use of Asbestos in Relation to Economic Development  

PubMed Central

Background National disparities in asbestos use will likely lead to an unequal burden of asbestos diseases. Objectives As economic status may be linked to asbestos use, we assessed, globally, the relationship between indicators of national economic development and asbestos use. Methods For the 135 countries that have ever used asbestos, per capita asbestos use (kilograms per capita per year) was compared with per capita gross domestic product (GDP) in 1990 Geary–Khamis dollars (GKD) for the period 1920–2003. Countries were grouped into three income levels (high, middle, and low) that were adapted from the 2003 World Bank categories. Results The historical pattern of asbestos use followed the environmental Kuznets curve in which use by high-income countries peaked when incomes attained 10,000–15,000 GKD and essentially ceased at income levels over 20,000 GKD. Currently, middle- and low-income countries are increasing their use of asbestos, closely following the paths once traced by higher income countries. Conclusions Developing countries have the opportunity to eliminate asbestos use sooner than high-income countries and thus reduce the future burden of asbestos diseases. PMID:20056590

Le, Giang Vinh; Takahashi, Ken; Karjalainen, Antti; Delgermaa, Vanya; Hoshuyama, Tsutomu; Miyamura, Yoshitaka; Furuya, Sugio; Higashi, Toshiaki; Pan, Guowei; Wagner, Gregory

2010-01-01

359

Toward the development of process plans with reduced environmental impacts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manufacturing process planning serves as a pivotal link between design and manufacturing. Process planning decisions play a critical role in determining the cost and environmental impacts associated with manufacturing. Past efforts to address environmental issues during process planning are briefly reviewed and potential approaches that can achieve reduced environmental impacts are then discussed. A proposed method is presented for environmentally conscious process planning. The method begins with an existing process plan, and then identifies impactful process steps, and associated design features, in terms of manufacturing cost and environmental impact. Alternative processes that can achieve these features are then considered to generate alternative process plans. These alternatives are then evaluated in terms of economic and environmental performance. The results of these evaluations are then used to generate a set of process plans that are non-dominated with respect to manufacturing cost and environmental impact objectives to produce a Pareto frontier. The proposed method is demonstrated using the manufacturing of a prosthetic hip shell as a case study.

Zhao, Fu; Murray, Vance R.; Ramani, Karthik; Sutherland, John W.

2012-09-01

360

Developing a Fleet Standardization Index for Airline Planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quantifying subjective aspects is a difficult task that requires a great dedication of time from researchers and analysts. Nevertheless, one of the main objectives of it is to pave the way for a better understanding of the focused aspects. Fleet standardization is one of these subjective aspects that is extremely difficult to mm into numbers. Although, it is of great importance to know the benefits that may come with a higher level of standardization for airlines, which may be economical advantages, maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance plus a much better planning of routes and flights. This study presents the first step on developing an index, hereto called "Fleet Standardization Index" or FSI (or IPF in Portuguese, for "Indice de Padronizacao de Frotas"), that will allow senior airline planners to compare different fleets and also simulate some results from maintaining or renewing their fleets. Although being a preliminary study, the results obtained may already be tested to compare different fleets (different airlines) and also analyze some possible impacts of a fleet renewal before it takes place. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to introduce the proposed IPF index and to demonstrate that it is inversely proportional to the number of different airplane models, engines and other equipment, such as avionics.

deBorgesPan, Alexis George; EspiritoSanto, Respicio A., Jr.

2003-01-01

361

Climate adaptation planning in practice: an evaluation of adaptation plans from three developed nations  

SciTech Connect

Formal planning for climate change adaptation is emerging rapidly at a range of geo-political scales. This first generation of adaptation plans provides useful information regarding how institutions are framing the issue of adaptation and the range of processes that are recognized as being part of an adaptation response. To better understand adaptation planning among developed nations, a set of 57 adaptation plans from Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States was evaluated against a suite of 19 planning processes identified from existing guidance instruments for adaptation planning. Total scores among evaluated plans ranged from 16% of the maximum possible score to 61%, with an average of 37%. These results suggest adaptation plans are largely under-developed. Critical weaknesses in adaptation planning are related to limited consideration for non-climatic factors as well as neglect for issues of adaptive capacity including entitlements to various forms of capital needed for effective adaptation. Such gaps in planning suggest there are opportunities for institutions to make better use of existing guidance for adaptation planning and the need to consider the broader governance context in which adaptation will occur. In addition, the adaptation options prescribed by adaptation plans reflect a preferential bias toward low-risk capacity-building (72% of identified options) over the delivery of specific actions to reduce vulnerability. To the extent these findings are representative of the state of developed nation adaptation planning, there appear to be significant deficiencies in climate change preparedness, even among those nations often assumed to have the greatest adaptive capacity.

Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL; Westaway, Richard M. [IMS Consulting, Bristol, Avon, England; Yuen, Emma J. [CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, Aspendale, Vic, Australia

2011-04-01

362

Youth Individual Development Accounts: Retirement Planning Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the growing interest in a privatized Social Security system and the lack of adequate retirement planning among many people in the United States, many households are often ill prepared for retirement. The outlook for low-income populations is even bleaker because they are often not privy to the same financial education and asset-building…

Shobe, Marcia A.; Sturm, Stephanie L.

2007-01-01

363

Brevard District Plan for Career Education Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Brevard County Plan was written to include goals and objectives for the years 1974-77. Goals for 1974-75 include promoting the career education concept in all district schools (emphasizing the various career education elements at appropriate grade levels), setting up placement services, coordinating county and district goals, program…

Thomas, Olive W.

364

Nondestructive examination development and demonstration plan  

SciTech Connect

Nondestructive examination (NDE) of waste matrices using penetrating radiation is by nature very subjective. Two candidate systems of examination have been identified for use in WRAP 1. This test plan describes a method for a comparative evaluation of different x-ray examination systems and techniques.

Weber, J.R.

1991-08-21

365

Technology Development Benefits and the Economics Breakdown Structure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the construction and application of the EBS (Economics Breakdown Structure) in evaluating technology investments across multiple systems and organizations, illustrated with examples in space transportation technology. The United States Government (USG) has a long history of investing in technology to enable its missions. Agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Department of Defense (DoD) have evaluated their technology development programs primarily on their effects on mission performance and cost. More and more, though, USG agencies are being evaluated on their technology transfer to the commercial sector. In addition, an increasing number of USG missions are being accomplished by industry-led or joint efforts, where the USG provides technology and funding but tasks industry with development and operation of the mission systems.

Shaw, Eric J.

1998-01-01

366

University of Vienna 2015 DEVELOPMENT PLAN  

E-print Network

of Vienna 41 4.1 Theology 41 4.2 Law 41 4.3 Social Sciences, Business and Economics 42 4.4 Engineering Sciences 42 4.5 Arts and Humanities 43 4.6 Natural Sciences 46 4.7 Interdisciplinary Programmes 47 4 of the Faculties and Subject Dedication of Future Professorships 51 5.1 Faculty of Catholic Theology 51 5.2 Faculty

Wien, Universität

367

Redistributive state planning: toward an operational framework for an effective spatial development planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper starts from an assessment of regional policy inspired by considerations of social justice. An effort is made to sketch the outline of a top?down and bottom?up approach and provide a new profile for regional planning, and for professional planners within the context of contemporary politico?economic transformations. The planner, from having been a pure technician who does not question

Louis Albrechts; Eric Swyngedouw

1988-01-01

368

Nationalist Planning for Autarky and State Hegemony: Development Strategy Under Nehru  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a revisionist interpretation, this article finds the position of mainstream economists to be in error in relation to the impact of economic theory on the economic strategy incorporated in the Second Five Year Plan. In place of \\

Baldev Raj Nayar

1997-01-01

369

Linking Workforce Development to Economic Development: A Casebook for Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Linking Workforce Development to Economic Development: A Casebook for Community Colleges" is a compilation of best practice examples, which illustrate what it takes for community colleges to achieve their goal of helping people acquire education and skills, helping employers, supporting communities, and building the nation. The book is written…

Rothwell, William J., Ed.; Gerity, Patrick E., Ed.

2008-01-01

370

Private Capital Flows, Financial Development, and Economic Growth in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important issue in the debate over the desirability of freer capital mobility for developing countries is whether capital flows have significant effects on economic growth. Proponents of capital account liberalization cite the growth-promoting attributes of capital inflows as a key benefit of financial integration for developing countries. Unfortunately, there is little empirical evidence to confirm or refute this claim,

Jeannine N. Bailliu

2000-01-01

371

Higher Education Development in Korea: Western University Ideas, Confucian Tradition, and Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The features of Korean higher education development are related to sociocultural tradition (Confucian tradition), the model university ideas, and economic development in Korea. The modern university ideas adopted in Korean are based on the German model which was established by the Japanese colonial government and drawing on the US university model…

Shin, Jung Cheol

2012-01-01

372

Workforce development: planning what you need starts with knowing what you have.  

PubMed

Health workforce planning and research occurs at both national and state/territory levels, but identifying current workforce availability and future workforce need is more problematic at a regional level. We report on the practical approach to workforce development taken by North Coast Area Health Service (NCAHS) in NSW, Australia. The NCAHS plan considers the impact of workforce ageing, changes in casemix and volume predicted by population demographics, staff level guidelines associated with service enhancements, and changes in service delivery models driven by the need for economic efficiencies, greater investment in disease prevention and medical technological advancements. Finally, the paper addresses how workforce development plans can assist sustainable service delivery through targeted strategies in recruitment, retention and retraining. PMID:17402911

Page, Sue; Willey, Katie

2007-04-01

373

Optimal rate of oil production and economic development: the case of Kuwait  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation utilizes the optimal control technique to establish a national economic planning model through which Kuwait's oil extraction policy is determined with relation to the structure of its economy as well as the welfare of the nation. This has been advanced through two steps: 1) by building a macroeconomic model, which is used as a constraint on the planning

Al-Ebraheem

1984-01-01

374

Ecological Network Analysis for Economic Systems: Growth and Development and Implications for Sustainable Development  

PubMed Central

The quantification of growth and development is an important issue in economics, because these phenomena are closely related to sustainability. We address growth and development from a network perspective in which economic systems are represented as flow networks and analyzed using ecological network analysis (ENA). The Beijing economic system is used as a case study and 11 input–output (I-O) tables for 1985–2010 are converted into currency networks. ENA is used to calculate system-level indices to quantify the growth and development of Beijing. The contributions of each direct flow toward growth and development in 2010 are calculated and their implications for sustainable development are discussed. The results show that during 1985–2010, growth was the main attribute of the Beijing economic system. Although the system grew exponentially, its development fluctuated within only a small range. The results suggest that system ascendency should be increased in order to favor more sustainable development. Ascendency can be augmented in two ways: (1) strengthen those pathways with positive contributions to increasing ascendency and (2) weaken those with negative effects. PMID:24979465

Huang, Jiali; Ulanowicz, Robert E.

2014-01-01

375

Learning to Plan, Planning to Learn: The Developing Expertise of Beginning Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning how to plan is recognised as a key skill that beginning teachers have to develop but there has been little research examining "how" they may actually learn to plan. This paper, based on the analysis of 10 post-lesson interviews with 17 secondary school teachers across three years (the PGCE year and the first two years in teaching) focuses…

Mutton, Trevor; Hagger, Hazel; Burn, Katharine

2011-01-01

376

NOAA /NMFS Developments NOAA Aquaculture Plan Forsees Increased  

E-print Network

NOAA /NMFS Developments NOAA Aquaculture Plan Forsees Increased World Seafood Demand, Possible Shortage Although worldwide output from aquaculture has about doubled in the la t 5 year to orne 6 million. Edited by John B. Glude. A Aquaculture Program Coordinator. th plan de cribes the increa ing w rid demand

377

School Development Planning in Jersey Primary Schools: A Contingency Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines management of planned change. Considers how a continually shifting balance between environmental turbulence and stability affects implementation of annual school-development plans. Tests Wallace and McMahon's contingency hypothesis: turbulent environments demand a continual process of creation, monitoring, and adjustment. Stable…

Jones, Gary Richard

1996-01-01

378

Enhancing development and planning efforts: benefits of leveraging technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to provide insight into how organizations and managers can use technology, including the internet, to enhance development and planning efforts. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Suggestions for leveraging technology are outlined using the traditional components of the planning process as a template. Specific recommendations are offered for integrating technology into each of the stages of

Mike Schraeder; Tish Matuszek; Rodger Morrison; Dennis R. Self

2008-01-01

379

Detailed Work Plan for Development of a Hawai`i  

E-print Network

Detailed Work Plan for Development of a Hawai`i Bioenergy Master Plan Prepared for the U and Earth Science and Technology July 2009 #12;ii Acknowledgement: This material is based upon work: This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither

380

Academic Development Plan, Honolulu Community College, 1987-1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This academic development plan outlines the priorities of Honolulu Community College (HCC) for the years 1987 to 1995. After providing a history and description of the campus, the report explains the planning process, which involved campus-wide participation by representatives of faculty, staff, and advisory committees. The report then discusses…

Kessinger, Peter R.

381

The Development of Kidney Stone Dietary Plans for Patient Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently patient education programs and urology practices provide individuals with "lists of foods to avoid" for dietary management of kidney stones. However, "planned diets" that include daily meal plans and recipes provide structure and specificity for diet management and are preferred by many individuals. This article describes the development

Dennison, Darwin; Mayo, M. Leah; Abraham, Victor E.

2011-01-01

382

Economic effects of oil and gas development on marine aquaculture leases. Study 17. Final report  

SciTech Connect

There are three primary mariculture products grown in California waters: oysters, mussels, and abalone. In total, the California mariculture industry earns revenues of about $6.5 million. Water quality degradation was the primary concern of most growers. Coliform bacteria and pesticide residues are currently threatening several shallow-water sites. Lease holders (and potential lease holders) for deep-water sites state that coliform bacteria from municipal sewer outfalls and offshore oil and gas drilling effluents are the greatest dangers to their profitability. The Southern California Educational Initiative is an attempt to determine whether such concerns are warranted. A simple model of economic externalities was described to highlight the scientific data one must gather so as to choose the optimal production levels for both energy and mariculture resources. That information is necessary to assess the economic consequences to the California mariculture industry of chronic exposure to oil and gas development. The co-development model shows that the marginal (incremental) effects of oil production on mariculture costs needs to be assessed. The model also shows that if the effects are moderated by distance from the point of discharge, such changes must be estimated in order to determine optimal lease boundaries. The report concludes that interdisciplinary cooperation is essential for designing a co-development plan that maximizes the social welfare to be gained from developing multiple coastal resources.

Caswell, M.F.

1991-03-01

383

Economic development and the allocation of petroleum products in Sudan  

SciTech Connect

The Sudanese economy has been characterized in recent years by severe energy shortages which have affected all economic activity. More than 94% of the commercial energy is imported and the level of such imports is seriously limited by the current foreign exchange crisis. However, the problem is not just one of foreign exchange; there is also the problem of utilization of resources to avoid bottleneck problems of supply. The allocation of petroleum products in Sudan has had a severe effect on all aspects of economic life. The aim of this paper is to highlight the problem and to build a model to optimize the distribution of petroleum products in order to achieve at least a minimal supply in all regions. A large linear programming model has been developed and the solution indicates that current facilities should be able to satisfy 96% of the 1986 demand, about 30% more than the actual supply. Furthermore, with a little investment in storage facilities and extra trucks, the supply could satisfy total demand in the immediate future.

Cain, M. (U.C.W., Aberystwyth (United Kingdom)); Yousif, M.A.R. (General Petroleum Corp., Khartoum (Sudan))

1991-01-01

384

Energy consumption and economic development in West Africa  

SciTech Connect

This study evaluates the commercial energy sector of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Presently, an economic union exists between the 16 countries of West Africa that are members of ECOWAS. Although the ECOWAS region has plentiful resources of commercial energy, it faces problems in this sector for two reasons. First is the problem resulting from the diminishing traditional energy resources such as wood fuel and charcoal. Second, most ECOWAS members, except Nigeria, are net importers of commercial energy, and hence face a high import burden for oil. Liquid petroleum is the dominant form of commercial energy used in the ECOWAS despite the availability of other resources. This author basically argues that the best policy and strategy solution for dealing with energy problems is through a combination of regional cooperative effort, and a more-intensive country level. The intensity-of-use hypothesis is tested with case studies of Ghana, the Ivory Coast, and Nigeria. The results indicate that newly developing countries can deviate from the expectations of the hypothesis.

Chima, C.M.

1987-01-01

385

Job and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model: A User-Friendly Tool to Calculate Economic Impacts from Wind Projects; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory (DOE/NREL) has developed a spreadsheet-based wind model (Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI)) that incorporates economic multipliers for jobs, income, and output. Originally developed with state-specific parameters, it can also be used to conduct county and regional analyses. NREL has enlisted the Wind Powering America (WPA) State Wind Working Groups (SWWGs) to conduct county-specific economic impact analyses and has encouraged them to use JEDI if they do not have their own economic model. The objective of the analyses is to identify counties within WPA target states, and preferably counties with a significant agricultural sector, that could economically benefit from wind development. These counties could then explore opportunities to tap into the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Bill Section 9006 grants and loans to stimulate wind development. This paper describes the JEDI model and how i t can be used. We will also summarize a series of analyses that were completed to fulfill a General Accounting Office (GAO) request to provide estimates of the economic development benefits of wind power.

Sinclair, K.; Milligan, M.; Goldberg, M.

2004-03-01

386

Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of the economic aspects of water pollution control covering publications of 1976-77. This review also includes the policy issues of water management. A list of 77 references is presented. (HM)

James, L. D.

1978-01-01

387

Democracy and Economic ReformsDeveloping Underdeveloped Political Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the early 1980s many African countries were compelled by bad economic circumstances and poor economic prospects to adopt structural adjustment programs dictated by their external creditors. By the late 1980s, it had become clear that these economic reform programs were failing to achieve their objectives. This factor as well as the effective disintegration of the Soviet empire enabled the

Ufo Okeke Uzodike

1996-01-01

388

Population and family planning in developing countries: the employer's role.  

PubMed

The overall population problem of the world is discussed briefly. The author asserts that rapid population growth has serious social and political implications and imposes serious restraints on economic progress. It is also linked to problems of urbanization. Family planning is a way out. The state alone is not enough to make family planning successful, it must be supported by the different segments of society. Employers have a major social responsibility in this respect. After this general introduction, and the assertion of the basic role of the employer in family planning programs, the author deals with the specific situation in India in terms of 1) its population problem, 2) progress and impact of the Indian family planning program, and 3) the role of employers in the promotion of family planning in India; a detailed section is devoted to the family planning centers of the Tata group of companies (Tata textile units, chemicals, iron and steel, engineering and locomotive, etc.). The author enumerates the measures to promote effective participation by employers, which include 1) an organized framework, 2) assistance to employers, and 3) removal of disincentives. The author concludes by saying that the efforts of employers to limit population growth need to be supplemented by international cooperation and action. PMID:12257448

Tata, N H

1974-01-01

389

Action Plan for the Development of Civic Morality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the action plan for the development of civic morality. Here, the importance, substance, ideology and policy principles guiding the development of civic morality is elaborated. In order to strengthen the development of civic morality, it is a must to adapt to the requirements of the developing situation; seize good…

Chinese Education and Society, 2006

2006-01-01

390

10 CFR 770.8 - May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development at less...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development at... TRANSFER OF REAL PROPERTY AT DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ...May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development...

2010-01-01

391

10 CFR 770.8 - May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development at less...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development at... TRANSFER OF REAL PROPERTY AT DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ...May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development...

2011-01-01

392

Land of My Fathers? Economic Development, Ethnic Division and Ethnic National Identity in 32 Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the reasons why some people, and some countries, place greater or lesser emphasis on the idea that membership of a nation is tied to ancestry. We test the influence of two key factors - economic development and ethnic division. Economic development is strongly associated with support for the ancestry criterion of national membership. Those who are more economically

Robert Ford; James Tilley; Anthony Heath

2011-01-01

393

New highways as economic development tools: An evaluation using quasi-experimental matching methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stimulating economic growth and development in rural and economically lagging regions is the goal of several federal and state highway programs. This paper examines the effectiveness of highway investment as an economic development tool. A quasi-experimental matching method is used to examine the effects of interstate highways on counties which obtained links during the period 1963-75 or are in close

Terance Rephann; Andrew Isserman

1994-01-01

394

World without end: Economics, environment, and sustainable development  

SciTech Connect

The volume is the outcome of several years of research, fieldwork, and policy advice concerned with the rapidly growing subject of environmental economics in developing countries. The authors make no claim to originality of research and have borrowed freely from the existing literature. In at least two respects, however, the volume is unique. First, it uses a great deal of material, such as background papers and research conducted for the World Bank, that is not readily available to the wider public. Some of the chapters overlap. This is deliberate and, in fact, unavoidable. Since many readers may only want to read about a specific subject, such as population, poverty, market-based incentives, or tropical forests, the authors have attempted to make each chapter self-contained. The authors experimented with several sequences for the chapters and found that, regardless of the overall structure, the authors frequently had to share information among chapters to make each story coherent.

Pearce, D.W.; Warford, J.J.

1993-01-01

395

Education for Economic Growth or Human Development? the Capabilities Approach and the World Bank's Basic Education Project in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's recent development plans suggest that, according to state planners, development is no longer identified with, achieved through or measured by economic growth. These documents evince that Turkey has embraced what is referred to as the capability approach. What remains unclear is whether this embrace is substantive or rhetorical. This…

McClure, Kevin R.

2014-01-01

396

International considerations associated with economic planning for recovery from a generalized disaster  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses international economic considerations in planning for recovery from a generalized disaster, including the geographical dispersion of economic activity and the importance of the US dollar in international trade. The discussion includes real trade issues and international monetary considerations or financial considerations, emphasizing the relationship between the two. Included in the discussion of international monetary considerations are the causes, consequences, and resolution of six historical financial crises which are used as analogues for planning for restoration of the international monetary system. Additionally, the foundation of the multinational enterprise and its possible roles in recovery are addressed. Although the report addresses several specific disaster scenarios and appropriate policy responses in reaction to them, a number of important general policy guidelines were discussed. First, international cooperation and coordination are of paramount importance in restoring the effective functioning of the international monetary system. Second, a policy of fixed exchange rates in the aftermath of an international disaster is ill-advised. Third, except for commodities crucial to national defense, domestic import and export controls cannot be justified. Fourth, the extent of real trade reduction during a conflict has widespread financial---as well as real---repercussions. The United States probably could withstand real trade disruptions during a conflict more successfully than many of its current trading partners. Finally, multinational enterprises might be important institutions in recovery from both real and monetary standpoints, acting as the international conduit for capital flows, trade flows, and in more serious disasters, price signals and international monetary and financial reconstruction. 91 refs., 5 tabs.

Jones, D.W.; Hill, L.J.

1988-06-01

397

Jobs and Economic Development Impacts from Small Wind: JEDI Model in the Works (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation covers the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's role in economic impact analysis for wind power Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) models, JEDI results, small wind JEDI specifics, and a request for information to complete the model.

Tegen, S.

2012-06-01

398

Aqaba's Old Town : proposed model for community development within the Aqaba Special Economic Zone  

E-print Network

As a recently designated Special Economic Zone in 2001 and Jordan's only port, Aqaba has been experiencing a major economic boom and rapid development at a scale previously unprecedented in Jordan. Under the governance of ...

Al-Husseini, Dalia Z. (Dalia Zuehir)

2007-01-01

399

DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF A SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR A RAPIDLY URBANIZING GHANAIAN VILLAGE  

EPA Science Inventory

Technical Challenge: Columbia University Engineers Without Borders (CU-EWB) is developing a sustainable water management plan for Sakyikrom, Ghana. The community currently has limited access to potable water and will be growing at an astounding r...

400

Integrated High Payoff Rocket Propulsion Technologies Program Material Development Plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this viewgraph presentation, IMWG (IHPRPT Materials Working Group) government and industry members, together with the IHPRPT (Integrated High Payoff Rocket Propulsion Technologies Program Material Development Plan) National Component Leads, have developed a materials plan to address the critical needs of the IHPRPT community: (1) liquids boost and orbit transfer; (2) solids boost and orbit transfer; (3) tactical propulsion; and (4) spacecraft propulsion. Criticality of materials' role in achieving IHPRPT goals is evidenced by the significant investment over the next five years.

Clinton, R. G., Jr.; Stropki, M.; Cleyrat, D.; Stucke, B.; Phillips, S.; Reed, B.

2001-01-01

401

The Value of Scenario Development in Environmental and Socio-economic Policy Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing scarcity, growing demand, and a burdened water supply have generated concerns about the sustainability of the southwest's regional water infrastructure. This necessitates the adoption of improved water management practices and policies better suited to contemporary water resource dilemmas. Scenarios introduce an innovative aspect to strategic long-term planning that is currently absent from current decision- making and resource management activities. For the purpose of assessing future water resources management and sustainability needs within the region, the formal approach to scenario development adopted by scientists and researchers at the University of Arizona's SAHRA (Sustainability of semi-Arid Hydrology and Riparian Areas) center is adopted. Through workshops and meetings with regional and state stakeholders, several dominant themes of interest for water resources management emerged. A historical analysis of several key variables associated with these major themes provided insight on the future uncertainty in projections and assumptions adopted in early examples of future planning in the southwest. Analysis of these key variables indicates that historical assumptions and projections in the dimensions of the environment, climate, and socio-economics lacked the dynamic planning foresight that tools such as scenarios can provide.

Mahmoud, M. I.; Gupta, H. V.

2007-12-01

402

An economic prefeasibility study of geothermal energy development at Platonares, Honduras  

SciTech Connect

The expected economic benefits from development of a geothermal power plant at Plantanares in the Department of Copan, Honduras are evaluated in this report. The economic benefits of geothermal plants ranging in size from a 10-MW plant in the shallow reservoir to a 20-, 30-, 55-, or 110-MW plant in the assumed deeper reservoir were measured by computing optimal expansion plans for each size of geothermal computing optimal expansion plans for each size of geothermal plant. Savings are computed as the difference in present value cost between a plan that contains no geothermal plant and one that does. Present value savings in millions of 1987 dollars range from $25 million for the 10-MW plant to $110 million for the 110-MW plant -- savings of 6% to 25% over the time period 1988 through 2008. The existence of the shallow reservoir is relatively well-characterized, and much indirect scientific evidence indicate the existence of the deeper reservoir. Based on probability distributions estimated by geologists of temperature, areal extent, depth, and porosity, the expected size of power plant that the deep reservoir can support was estimated with the following results: O-MW -- 16% (i.e., there is a 16% chance that the deep reservoir will not support a power plant); 20-MW -- 38%; 30-MW -- 25%; 55-MW -- 19%; and 110-MW -- 2%. When the cost savings from each size of plant are weighted by the probability that the reservoir will support a plant of that size, the expected monetary value of the deep reservoir can be computed. It is $42 million in present value 1987 dollars -- a cost savings of 10%. The expected savings from the 10-MW plant in the shallow reservoir are expected to be close to the computed value of $25 million, i.e., the probability that the shallow reservoir can support the plant is high. 4 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Trocki, L.K.

1989-01-01

403

Mitigation Action Plan: Lease of Parcel ED-1 of the Oak Ridge Reservation by the East Tennessee Economic Council  

SciTech Connect

In April 1996, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) completed an environmental assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1113) for the proposed lease of 957-16 acres (Parcel ED-1) of the Oak Ridge (Tennessee) Reservation (ORR) by the East Tennessee Economic Council (ETEC) for industrial development. DOE plans to issue a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the proposed action, conditional upon the implementation of mitigation and monitoring to protect environmental resources. According to DOE`s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations (10 CFR 1021.322), a FONSI shall include {open_quotes}any commitments to mitigations that are essential to render the impacts of the proposed action not significant, beyond those mitigations that are integral elements of the proposed action, and a reference to the Mitigation Action Plan prepared under 10 CTR 1021.331{close_quotes}. Terms of the lease offer DOE the option of terminating the lease with ETEC should the lessee and/or sublessees fail to implement the mitigation defined in the FONSI.

NONE

1996-04-01

404

When Child Development Meets Economic Game Theory: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Investigating Social Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Game theory has been one of the most prominent theories in the social sciences, influencing diverse academic disciplines such as anthropology, biology, economics, and political science. In recent years, economists have employed game theory to investigate behaviors relating to fairness, reciprocity, and trust. Surprisingly, this research has not found much resonance in psychological research on social development, even though the

Michaela Gummerum; Yaniv Hanoch; Monika Keller

2008-01-01

405

Professional Development Planning and Design. Issues in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the professional development of teachers and discusses issues related to the planning and design of professional development programs. The content of the book is divided into three parts. Part 1, Standards-Based Reform and Professional Development includes: (1) "National Science Education Standards as a Catalyst for Change:…

Rhoton, Jack; Bowers, Patricia

406

Diffusion of Innovations: Family Planning in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the best examples of the validity of the theory of “diffusion of innovations” is the case of family planning in developing countries. The desire of health, development and environment advocates in rich countries to make modern contraceptive use and lower fertility a norm in developing countries was translated into organized efforts to reach top-level leaders in these countries.

ELAINE MURPHY

2004-01-01

407

Human resource development planning for sustainable health and population programmes.  

PubMed

This article identifies the need for human resource development planning (HRDP) in population and health programs in Nepal. Sustainable development depends upon balancing human numbers, resources, and quality of life. Development strategies must be sensitive to health and population strategies. Health and population strategies must reflect HRDP. Health and population fields tend to intensively use human resources. Health and population manpower need to be managed cost effectively yet meet the development goal of a more accessible, more equitable, and more effective health care and family planning (FP) delivery system. Manpower planning is affected by the type and quality of education, the workplace, and the organization of health and FP manpower. FP entails three processes: planning, production, and management. The former classical approach of FP entailed institutions, sophisticated technology, and specialized manpower. The classical approach did not work. Governments had difficulty finding sufficient funds for investment. Human resources were an untapped source of community and national development. Health and FP manpower should have a variety of skills and knowledge that are complementary at the national and community level. Manpower planning should be responsive to the needs of the health system, the clients, and workers in an intersectoral system. FP workers need to receive training in how to be sensitive to those in greatest need. A functional information system is basic to manpower planning. PMID:12293771

Adhikari, S P

1997-07-01

408

Recent developments and best practice in brachytherapy treatment planning.  

PubMed

Brachytherapy has evolved over many decades, but more recently, there have been significant changes in the way that brachytherapy is used for different treatment sites. This has been due to the development of new, technologically advanced computer planning systems and treatment delivery techniques. Modern, three-dimensional (3D) imaging modalities have been incorporated into treatment planning methods, allowing full 3D dose distributions to be computed. Treatment techniques involving online planning have emerged, allowing dose distributions to be calculated and updated in real time based on the actual clinical situation. In the case of early stage breast cancer treatment, for example, electronic brachytherapy treatment techniques are being used in which the radiation dose is delivered during the same procedure as the surgery. There have also been significant advances in treatment applicator design, which allow the use of modern 3D imaging techniques for planning, and manufacturers have begun to implement new dose calculation algorithms that will correct for applicator shielding and tissue inhomogeneities. This article aims to review the recent developments and best practice in brachytherapy techniques and treatments. It will look at how imaging developments have been incorporated into current brachytherapy treatment and how these developments have played an integral role in the modern brachytherapy era. The planning requirements for different treatments sites are reviewed as well as the future developments of brachytherapy in radiobiology and treatment planning dose calculation. PMID:24734939

Lee, C D

2014-09-01

409

78 FR 14103 - Request for Information (RFI) Regarding the Planned Biotechnology Development Module (BDM) as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...the Planned Biotechnology Development Module (BDM) as Part of...the planned Biotechnology Development Module (BDM) a planned...BDM will provide a distinct environment for scientific synergy...biological countermeasure development initiatives; (4)...

2013-03-04

410

77 FR 38851 - Redelegation of Authority to Directors and Deputy Directors of Community Planning and Development...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Directors and Deputy Directors of Community Planning and Development in Field Offices AGENCY...the Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Notice...giving concurrent authority for Community Planning and Development (CPD) programs...

2012-06-29

411

77 FR 31974 - Order of Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development AGENCY: Office of the...Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development...Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development. This Order of...

2012-05-30

412

76 FR 64362 - Consolidated Delegation of Authority for the Office of Community Planning and Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Authority for the Office of Community Planning and Development AGENCY: Office of...Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, the General Deputy Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, and the...

2011-10-18

413

77 FR 31971 - Consolidated Delegation of Authority for the Office of Community Planning and Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Authority for the Office of Community Planning and Development; Order of Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development; Notices Federal Register...Authority for the Office of Community Planning and Development AGENCY: Office...

2012-05-30

414

76 FR 64364 - Order of Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION...Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development designates the...

2011-10-18

415

34 CFR 606.8 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan is an institution's strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...b) The comprehensive development plan must include...

2011-07-01

416

34 CFR 609.21 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan must describe...strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...The comprehensive development plan must include...

2011-07-01

417

34 CFR 608.21 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan must describe...strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...The comprehensive development plan must include...

2011-07-01

418

34 CFR 607.8 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan is an institution's strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...b) The comprehensive development plan must include...

2010-07-01

419

34 CFR 606.8 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan is an institution's strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...b) The comprehensive development plan must include...

2010-07-01

420

34 CFR 607.8 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan is an institution's strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...b) The comprehensive development plan must include...

2011-07-01

421

34 CFR 609.21 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan must describe...strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...The comprehensive development plan must include...

2010-07-01

422

34 CFR 608.21 - What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it contain?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What is a comprehensive development plan and what must it...a) A comprehensive development plan must describe...strategy for achieving growth and self-sufficiency...The comprehensive development plan must include...

2010-07-01

423

Development in Rural Texas: An Assessment of TEEX Economic Development Reports  

E-print Network

, the organization should work towards tying the local economic and political conditions of the community with the report, particularly in cases dealing with site-specific development. Additionally, it is recommended that TEEX provide information detailing... and political conditions of the community with the report, particularly in cases dealing with site-specific development. Additionally, it is recommended that TEEX provide information detailing potential limitations to the recommendations given. The Capstone...

Calcaneo, Edgar Adrian; Cripe, Ramsey; Davis, Taylor; Gonzalez, Ramon; Grimes, Joshua; Hemby, Olivia; Humphrey, Colby; Keppy, Paul; Surgenor, Ken

2012-01-01

424

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Materials Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S Department of Energy (DOE) has selected the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project. The NGNP will demonstrate the use of nuclear power for electricity and hydrogen production without greenhouse gas emissions. The reactor design will be a graphite moderated, helium-cooled, prismatic or pebble-bed, thermal neutron spectrum reactor that will produce electricity and hydrogen in a state-of-the-art thermodynamically efficient manner. The NGNP will use very high burn-up, low-enriched uranium, TRISO-coated fuel and have a projected plant design service life of 60 years. The VHTR concept is considered to be the nearest-term reactor design that has the capability to efficiently produce hydrogen. The plant size, reactor thermal power, and core configuration will ensure passive decay heat removal without fuel damage or radioactive material releases during accidents. The NGNP Project is envisioned to demonstrate the following: (1) A full-scale prototype VHTR by about 2021; (2) High-temperature Brayton Cycle electric power production at full scale with a focus on economic performance; (3) Nuclear-assisted production of hydrogen (with about 10% of the heat) with a focus on economic performance; and (4) By test, the exceptional safety capabilities of the advanced gas-cooled reactors. Further, the NGNP program will: (1) Obtain a Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) License to construct and operate the NGNP, this process will provide a basis for future performance based, risk-informed licensing; and (2) Support the development, testing, and prototyping of hydrogen infrastructures. The NGNP Materials Research and Development (R&D) Program is responsible for performing R&D on likely NGNP materials in support of the NGNP design, licensing, and construction activities. The NGNP Materials R&D Program includes the following elements: (1) Developing a specific approach, program plan and other project management tools for managing the R&D program elements; (2) Developing a specific work package for the R&D activities to be performed during each government fiscal year; (3) Reporting the status and progress of the work based on committed deliverables and milestones; (4) Developing collaboration in areas of materials R&D of benefit to the NGNP with countries that are a part of the Generation IV International Forum; and (5) Ensuring that the R&D work performed in support of the materials program is in conformance with established Quality Assurance and procurement requirements. The objective of the NGNP Materials R&D Program is to provide the essential materials R&D needed to support the design and licensing of the reactor and balance of plant, excluding the hydrogen plant. The materials R&D program is being initiated prior to the design effort to ensure that materials R&D activities are initiated early enough to support the design process and support the Project Integrator. The thermal, environmental, and service life conditions of the NGNP will make selection and qualification of some high-temperature materials a significant challenge; thus, new materials and approaches may be required.

G.O. Hayner; R.L. Bratton; R.N. Wright

2005-09-01

425

PLANNING THE WEDDING: DEVELOPMENT BASED UPON ECOSYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Changing land uses to meet needs and expectations of the growing human population is largely responsible for habitat loss, species extinctions, deterioration of water quality and quantity, soil losses and depletion, and ecosystem goods and services. Although such development is...

426

Results from a Faculty Development Program in Teaching Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teaching Innovations Program (TIP) was a six-year project funded by the National Science Foundation that gave economics instructors the opportunity to learn interactive teaching strategies for use in undergraduate economics courses. TIP participants first attended a teaching workshop that presented various teaching strategies. They then could…

Walstad, William B.; Salemi, Michael K.

2011-01-01

427

Rural Economic Development: What Makes Rural Communities Grow?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report identifies local factors that foster rural economic growth. A review of the literature revealed potential indicators of county economic growth, and those indicators were then tested against data for nonmetro counties during the 1980s using multiple regression analysis. The principal variables examined included demographic and labor…

Aldrich, Lorna; Kusmin, Lorin

428

The University of Georgia Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development  

E-print Network

, and 11.1% of value added in the Georgia economy for 2011. #12;1 Economic Importance of Food and Fiber, and value added. Economic Sectors of the Georgia Food and Fiber System Sector data applied in this analysis Georgia economy. Food and fiber made up 16% of output in terms of sales value and 12% of value added

Hall, Daniel

429

The University of Georgia Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development  

E-print Network

, and 11.2% of value added in the Georgia economy for 2010. #12;1 Economic Importance of Food and Fiber, and value added. Economic Sectors of the Georgia Food and Fiber System Sector data applied in this analysis Georgia economy. Food and fiber made up 16% of output in terms of sales value and 12% of value added

Scott, Robert A.

430

Unplanned Terminology Development: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study on Economic Terms in Turkish Newspapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with unplanned terminology development in the subject field of economics within media discourse. It examines how economic terms in Turkish newspapers emerge, are used, and cease. This developmental process is also analyzed through productivity of economic terms and the factors affect them. The subject terms are also analyzed as a…

Karabacak, Erkan

2009-01-01

431

An Evaluation of California's Community College Based Economic Development Programs (ED>Net).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes economic outcomes of California's ED>Net (California Community College Economic Network) program, an alliance between community colleges and California businesses. ED>Net's purpose is to advance the state's economic growth by providing job-related education and services to businesses and organizations. This report develops

Bowman (James) Associates, San Francisco, CA.

432

From Growth to Poverty Reduction: A New Conceptual Framework in Development Economics  

E-print Network

From Growth to Poverty Reduction: A New Conceptual Framework in Development Economics Alice: sindzingre@wanadoo.fr. International Conference "Poverty and Misery in the History of Economic Thought-4Dec2011 Author manuscript, published in ""Poverty and Misery in the History of Economic Thought

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

433

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Drain Water Heat Recovery  

E-print Network

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Drain Water Heat Recovery of a project/report". #12;Drain Water Heat Recovery A review of performance, economics, practical issues the economics of Drain Water Heat Recovery (DWHR), more specifically the performance of a horizontal DWHR device

434

Neoclassical and Institutional Economics as Foundations for Human Resource Development Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to more comprehensively understand economics as a foundation of human resource development (HRD), this article reviews economic theories and models pertinent to HRD research and theory building. By examining neoclassical and neoinstitutional schools of contemporary economics, especially the screening model and the internal labor…

Wang, Greg G.; Holton, Elwood F., III

2005-01-01

435

Development of Facilities Master Plan and Laboratory Renovation Project  

SciTech Connect

Funding from this grant has allowed Morehouse School of Medicine to complete its first professionally developed, comprehensive campus master plan that is in alignment with the recently completed strategic plan. In addition to master planning activities, funds were used for programming and designing research renovations, and also to supplement other research facility upgrades by providing lighting and equipment. The activities funded by this grant will provide the catalyst for substantial improvement in the Schoolâ??s overall facilities for biomedical education and research, and will also provide much of the information needed to conduct a successful campaign to raise funds for proposed buildings and renovations.

Andrea D. Fox

2011-10-03

436

Planned Parenthood Federation of America v. Agency for International Development.  

PubMed

Planned Parenthood challenged the implementation of an executive branch policy by the Agency for International Development restricting federal assistance to foreign family planning organizations that perform or promote abortions, alleging violations of its rights to speech, association, and privacy. The U.S. Court of Appeals upheld the funding conditions. The court stated that the government is under no obligation to subsidize the exercise of a fundamental right, because the mere refusal to subsidize places no governmental obstacle in the path of someone seeking to excercise that right. Planned Parenthood may use its own funds to pursue whatever abortion-related activities it wishes in foreign countries. PMID:11648399

1990-09-19

437

The ?new? economics of education: Towards a ?unified? macro/micro-educational planning policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What has become the "classical" theory of the economics of education, first systematically laid down in the 1960s, is based on analysis of measurable variables. The concept of investment in human capital supposes that higher funding for education will increase productivity and income. Estimates of cost-effectiveness and returns to investment based on notional income foregone, have been features of this approach. Now, with a growing realization of the failure of the classical theory to deal with "realities" in the education market and to offer effective policy recommendations, other ideologies have again become more visible. The lack of attention given to the labor demand side of the education-earnings equation, and the inability of theoretical models to capture all complex variables in all sectors of the labor market, have been criticized. Also, it has again been recognized that education has a socialization role. The phenomena of undereducation and over-education have been investigated, and attention has been given to the implications of social conflicts and structural changes in the labor market. If human competences are to be developed, it is necessary to look beyond the classical model of the economics of education to microeconomic analysis and to economic and social conditions which will act as incentives.

Kraft, Richard H.; Nakib, Yasser

1991-09-01

438

Payload software technology: Software technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Programmatic requirements for the advancement of software technology are identified for meeting the space flight requirements in the 1980 to 1990 time period. The development items are described, and software technology item derivation worksheets are presented along with the cost/time/priority assessments.

1977-01-01

439

MOLECULAR MANUFACTURING DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY PLANNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and development of molecular manufacturing and related, enabling technologies is proceeding at an accelerating pace. The general capability to synthesize macroscopic objects and devices to atomic specification brings with it some surprising and important consequences, which are outlined in this presentation with an emphasis on aerospace applications. With order- of-magnitude performance improvements that are predicted for materials and devices,

David R. Forrest

2000-01-01

440

Pyramid Project: An Exemplary Staff Development Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ardmore, Oklahoma, School District developed the 3-year Pyramid Project to implement the following recommendations of the Sid W. Richardson Foundation Study of exemplary programs for high ability students: (1) broaden the process for assessing student abilities, (2) adopt continuous progress and appropriate pacing, (3) cultivate students'…

Ardmore City Schools, OK.

441

Plan to mitigate infrastructure development released  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell released a new strategy on 10 April 2014 to advance landscape-scale, science-based management of America's public lands and wildlife. The strategy will implement mitigation policies and practices at the Department of the Interior that can encourage infrastructure development while protecting natural and cultural resources.

Wendel, JoAnna

2014-04-01

442

Development of an expert planning system for OSSA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents concepts related to preliminary work for the development of an expert planning system for NASA's Office for Space Science and Applications (OSSA). The expert system will function as a planner's decision aid in preparing mission plans encompassing sets of proposed OSSA space science initiatives. These plans in turn will be checked against budgetary and technical constraints and tested for constraint violations. Appropriate advice will be generated by the system for making modifications to the plans to bring them in line with the constraints. The OSSA Planning Expert System (OPES) has been designed to function as an integral part of the OSSA mission planning process. It will be able to suggest a best plan, be able to accept and check a user-suggested strawman plan, and should provide a quick response to user request and actions. OPES will be written in the C programming language and have a transparent user interface running under Windows 386 on a Compaq 386/20 machine. The system's sorted knowledge and inference procedures will model the expertise of human planners familiar with the OSSA planning domain. Given mission priorities and budget guidelines, the system first sets the launch dates for each mission. It will check to make sure that planetary launch windows and precursor mission relationships are not violated. Additional levels of constraints will then be considered, checking such things as the availability of a suitable launch vehicle, total mission launch mass required vs. the identified launch mass capability, and the total power required by the payload at its destination vs. the actual power available. System output will be in the form of Gantt charts, spreadsheet hardcopy, and other presentation quality materials detailing the resulting OSSA mission plan.

Groundwater, B.; Lembeck, M. F.; Sarsfield, L.; Diaz, Alphonso

1988-01-01

443

Education's Role in National Development Plans: Ten Country Cases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The place education has been assigned in the national development programs of 10 nations is discussed, the problems that these countries have encountered in managing education are examined, and the measures adopted to solve educational problems are assessed. Included are the following papers: (1) "The Nature of National Development Planning" (R.…

Thomas, R. Murray, Ed.

444

WP3 Prototype development for operational planning tool  

E-print Network

Analysis Division Risø-R-1666(EN) April 2008 Abstract: This report documents the model development carriedWP3 Prototype development for operational planning tool Kristoffersen, T., Meibom, P., Risø DTU for Sustainable Energy Technical University of Denmark Roskilde, Denmark April 2008 #12;2 Risø-R-1666(EN) Author

445

Operations Plan for Support Network Development  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the operational processes and strategies that are building a support network for the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) program. The NSTI program currently is under development as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Grant No. DE FG52-07NA28084. Although the NSTI program offers a wide array of in-house business services, there are a certain number of services that will be provided by entities outside of Arrowhead Center. This report identifies the steps needed to develop an appropriate support network. The Arrowhead Center is working with external service providers and key stakeholders to establish feasible referral and implementation mechanics offering NSTI program participants the most comprehensive incubation services possible.

None

2008-06-30

446

U.S. Development of Offshore Aquaculture: Regulatory, Economic, and Political Factors.  

E-print Network

??University of Washington Abstract U.S. Development of Offshore Aquaculture: Regulatory, Economic, and Political Factors Lisa E. Buck Chair of the Supervisory Committee: Professor Thomas Leschine… (more)

Buck, Lisa E.

2013-01-01

447

Research on the Coordination of Social Security and Economic Development in Hubei Province  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is well known that maintaining stable coordination of social security and economic development is absolutely necessary for Hubei province, so how to analyze the coordination becomes an important content in Hubei economic development. In this paper, using factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis, the author try to evaluate the regional level of social security and economic develop in Hubei province. The results indicate that Hubei need to take measures to promote social security level and balanced development. At the end of this article, some economic suggestions are given to deal with uncoordinated problem.

Rong, Cao

448

Fly-by-light technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The driving factors and developments which make a fly-by-light (FBL) viable are discussed. Documentation, analyses, and recommendations are provided on the major issues pertinent to facilitating the U.S. implementation of commercial FBL aircraft before the turn of the century. Areas of particular concern include ultra-reliable computing (hardware/software); electromagnetic environment (EME); verification and validation; optical techniques; life-cycle maintenance; and basis and procedures for certification.

Todd, J. R.; Williams, T.; Goldthorpe, S.; Hay, J.; Brennan, M.; Sherman, B.; Chen, J.; Yount, Larry J.; Hess, Richard F.; Kravetz, J.

1990-01-01

449

Mobilization, participation and partnership building in local development planning: Experience from local planning on women's conditions in six Norwegian communes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six rural communes in Norway participated in a national project ‘Commune planning on women's conditions’ where participative methods were used to engage inhabitants in strategic planning for local development. The planning process was organized in stages, which corresponds with the basic stages of the strategic planning and management model. All six communes followed this process, which started with education and

Jřrgen Amdam

1995-01-01

450

Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) International Development with Economics  

E-print Network

Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) International Development with Economics www.bath.ac.uk/study © Dr Roy Maconachie International Development with Economics is a broad social science subject looking: This stream focuses on the social dynamics of development, including gender, class, and ethnicity

Burton, Geoffrey R.

451

24 CFR 597.502 - Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 597.502 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2011-04-01

452

24 CFR 598.510 - Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 598.510 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2011-04-01

453

24 CFR 598.510 - Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 598.510 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2012-04-01

454

24 CFR 598.510 - Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 598.510 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2014-04-01

455

24 CFR 597.502 - Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 597.502 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2013-04-01

456

24 CFR 597.502 - Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 597.502 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2014-04-01

457

24 CFR 597.502 - Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 597.502 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2012-04-01

458

24 CFR 598.510 - Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia...Section 598.510 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2013-04-01

459

Permanent isolation surface barrier development plan  

SciTech Connect

The exhumation and treatment of wastes may not always be the preferred alternative in the remediation of a waste site. In-place disposal alternatives, under certain circumstances, may be the most desirable alternatives to use in the protection of human health and the environment. The implementation of an in-place disposal alternative will likely require some type of protective covering that will provide long-term isolation of the wastes from the accessible environment. Even if the wastes are exhumed and treated, a long-term barrier may still be needed to adequately dispose of the treated wastes or any remaining waste residuals. Currently, no {open_quotes}proven{close_quotes} long-term barrier is available. The Hanford Site Permanent Isolation Surface Barrier Development Program (BDP) was organized to develop the technology needed to provide a long-term surface barrier capability for the Hanford Site. The permanent isolation barrier technology also could be used at other sites. Permanent isolation barriers use engineered layers of natural materials to create an integrated structure with redundant protective features. Drawings of conceptual permanent isolation surface barriers are shown. The natural construction materials (e.g., fine soil, sand, gravel, riprap, asphalt) have been selected to optimize barrier performance and longevity. The objective of current designs is to use natural materials to develop a maintenance-free permanent isolation surface barrier that isolates wastes for a minimum of 1,000 years by limiting water drainage to near-zero amounts; reducing the likelihood of plant, animal, and human intrusion; controlling the exhalation of noxious gases; and minimizing erosion-related problems.

Wing, N.R.

1994-01-01

460

13 CFR 108.120 - Economic development primary mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...primary mission. 108.120 Section 108.120 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Organizing A Nmvc Company § 108.120 Economic...

2014-01-01

461

13 CFR 108.120 - Economic development primary mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...primary mission. 108.120 Section 108.120 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Organizing A Nmvc Company § 108.120 Economic...

2011-01-01

462

13 CFR 108.120 - Economic development primary mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...primary mission. 108.120 Section 108.120 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Organizing A Nmvc Company § 108.120 Economic...

2013-01-01

463

Opportunities for technological and economic development policy in Brazil  

E-print Network

Brazil's transformation from an agriculturally-based colonial economy to an industrial republic spans seven decades - from the 1930s to the present - with three rapid growth phases which were each followed by economic and ...

Dalquist, Stephanie K. (Stephanie Kay), 1981-

2005-01-01

464

Geothermal resource area 9: Nye County. Area development plan  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal Resource area 9 encompasses all of Nye County, Nevada. Within this area there are many different known geothermal sites ranging in temperature from 70/sup 0/ to over 265/sup 0/ F. Fifteen of the more major sites have been selected for evaluation in this Area Development Plan. Various potential uses of the energy found at each of the resource sites discussed in this Area Development Plan were determined after evaluating the area's physical characteristics, land ownership and land use patterns, existing population and projected growth rates, and transportation facilities, and comparing those with the site specific resource characteristics. The uses considered were divided into five main categories: electrical generation, space heating, recreation, industrial process heat, and agriculture. Within two of these categories certain subdivisions were considered separately. The findings about each of the 15 geothermal sites considered in this Area Development Plan are summarized.

Pugsley, M.

1981-01-01

465

System Planning for Bay of Fundy Tidal Power Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses attention on the markets that could be served by potential tidal projects in the Bay of Fundy, describes the system considerations and computer models used to analyze the technical and economic viability of such developments and outlines the transmission requirements necessary for their integration into the power system networks. It also details the results of a study

A. N. Karas

1978-01-01

466

Tracking the Short Term Planning (STP) Development Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration?s mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research is enhanced by discovering new scientific tools to improve life on earth. Sequentially, to successfully explore the unknown, there has to be a planning process that organizes certain events in the right priority. Therefore, the planning support team has to continually improve their processes so the ISS Mission Operations can operate smoothly and effectively. The planning support team consists of people in the Long Range Planning area that develop timelines that includes International Partner?s Preliminary STP inputs all the way through to publishing of the Final STP. Planning is a crucial part of the NASA community when it comes to planning the astronaut?s daily schedule in great detail. The STP Process is in need of improvement, because of the various tasks that are required to be broken down in order to get the overall objective of developing a Final STP done correctly. Then a new project came along in order to store various data in a more efficient database. "The SharePoint site is a Web site that provides a central storage and collaboration space for documents, information, and ideas."

Price, Melanie; Moore, Alexander

2010-01-01

467

Integrating life-cycle environmental and economic assessment with transportation and land use planning.  

PubMed

The environmental outcomes of urban form changes should couple life-cycle and behavioral assessment methods to better understand urban sustainability policy outcomes. Using Phoenix, Arizona light rail as a case study, an integrated transportation and land use life-cycle assessment (ITLU-LCA) framework is developed to assess the changes to energy consumption and air emissions from transit-oriented neighborhood designs. Residential travel, commercial travel, and building energy use are included and the framework integrates household behavior change assessment to explore the environmental and economic outcomes of policies that affect infrastructure. The results show that upfront environmental and economic investments are needed (through more energy-intense building materials for high-density structures) to produce long run benefits in reduced building energy use and automobile travel. The annualized life-cycle benefits of transit-oriented developments in Phoenix can range from 1.7 to 230 Gg CO2e depending on the aggressiveness of residential density. Midpoint impact stressors for respiratory effects and photochemical smog formation are also assessed and can be reduced by 1.2-170 Mg PM10e and 41-5200 Mg O3e annually. These benefits will come at an additional construction cost of up to $410 million resulting in a cost of avoided CO2e at $16-29 and household cost savings. PMID:24053574

Chester, Mikhail V; Nahlik, Matthew J; Fraser, Andrew M; Kimball, Mindy A; Garikapati, Venu M

2013-11-01

468

Entrepreneurship and economic development : From classical political economy to economic sociology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reconstruct economic reasoning on entrepreneurship from the perspective of its institutional content, thus underlining the aspects of power relations and leadership, which are related with the organisational and technological dimensions of innovation and coordination as entrepreneurial functions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In reconstructing the theory of entrepreneurship in a range from classical political

Alexander Ebner

2005-01-01

469

Oil in the economic development of Nigeria (optimum utilization of oil revenues in economic growth)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria's economy experienced stunted growth in 1973-84 period in spite of the huge inflow of oil revenues. This dissertation addresses the issue of optimal utilization of oil revenues to promote Nigeria's economic growth. The study begins by reviewing the behavior of the oil market and the experiences of some industrialized oil-exporting countries (Netherlands, Britain and Norway), focusing on the general

Nnaji

1987-01-01

470

78 FR 17220 - Request for Information (RFI) Regarding the Planned Biotechnology Development Module (BDM) As...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Request for Information (RFI) Regarding the Planned Biotechnology Development Module (BDM) As Part of the National Bio and...information regarding utilization alternatives for the planned Biotechnology Development Module (BDM) a planned component of the...

2013-03-20

471

15 CFR 990.55 - Restoration selection-developing restoration plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Restoration selection-developing restoration plans. 990...COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Restoration...Planning Phase § 990.55 Restoration selection—developing restoration plans....

2014-01-01

472

15 CFR 990.55 - Restoration selection-developing restoration plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Restoration selection-developing restoration plans. 990...COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Restoration...Planning Phase § 990.55 Restoration selection—developing restoration plans....

2012-01-01

473

15 CFR 990.55 - Restoration selection-developing restoration plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Restoration selection-developing restoration plans. 990...COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Restoration...Planning Phase § 990.55 Restoration selection—developing restoration plans....

2013-01-01

474

15 CFR 990.55 - Restoration selection-developing restoration plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Restoration selection-developing restoration plans. 990...COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Restoration...Planning Phase § 990.55 Restoration selection—developing restoration plans....

2010-01-01

475

15 CFR 990.55 - Restoration selection-developing restoration plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Restoration selection-developing restoration plans. 990...COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Restoration...Planning Phase § 990.55 Restoration selection—developing restoration plans....

2011-01-01

476

75 FR 8645 - Public Meetings on the Development of the Forest Service Land Management Planning Rule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Development of the Forest Service Land Management Planning Rule AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice...to developing a new Forest Service Land Management Planning Rule (planning rule) through a transparent and participatory...

2010-02-25

477

Quantifying the Economic Development Impacts of Wind Power in Six Rural Montana Counties Using NREL's JEDI Model; Period of Performance: December 1, 2003--May 31, 2004  

SciTech Connect

The economic development potential that wind power offers is often an overlooked aspect of today's wind power projects. Much has been written about how wind can spur economic development, but few have attempted to quantify these impacts. Using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Jobs, Economic Development, and Impacts Model (JEDI), the author examined six counties in Montana to quantify these impacts. The overriding project goal was to illuminate economic development opportunities from wind project development for six Montana counties using an objective economic modeling tool. Interested stakeholders include the agriculture community, wind developers, renewable energy advocates, government officials, and other decision-makers. The Model was developed to enable spreadsheet users with limited or no economic modeling background to easily identify the statewide economic impacts associated with constructing and operating wind power plants. The Model's User Add-In feature allows users to conduct county-specific analyses using county IMPLAN (Impact Analysis for PLANning) multipliers, while state-level multipliers are contained within the Model as default values for all 50 states.

Costanti, M.

2004-09-01

478

The Important Role of Physics in Industry and Economic Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Good Physics requires good education. Good education translates into good Physics professionals. The process starts early with Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education programs for Middle and High-School students. Then it continues with competitive higher education programs (2 years and 4 years) at colleges and universities designed to satisfy the needs of industry and academia. The research work conducted by graduate students in Physics (and Engineering Physics) frequently translates into new discoveries and innovations that have direct impact in society (e.g. Proton Cancer Therapy). Some of the major and largest scientific experiments in the world today are physics-centered (e.g. Large Hadron Collider-LHC) that generate employment and business opportunities for thousands of scientists, academic research groups and companies from around the world. New superconducting magnets and advanced materials that have resulted from previous research in physics are commonly used in these extreme experiments. But not all physicists will end up working at these large high-energy physics experiments, universities or National Laboratories (e.g. Fermilab); industry requires new generations of (industrial) physicists in such sectors as semiconductor, energy, space, life sciences, defense and advanced manufacturing. This work presents an industry perspective about the role of Physics in economic development and the need for a collaborative Academic-Industry approach for a more effective translational research. A series of examples will be presented with emphasis in the measurement, control, diagnostics and computing capabilities needed to translate the science (physics) into innovations and practical solutions that can benefit society as a whole.

Alvarado, Igor

2012-10-01

479

The impacts of lower population growth on the quality of life and economic development: China's experience.  

PubMed

China's population in 1993 was 1.18 billion, which makes it the most populous nation in the world. The Chinese population policy aims to control growth and improve the quality of human resources. Most Chinese recognize the need for family planning. Replacement level fertility has been achieved, because there are limited resources to support a large population. Scarce resources are limiting economic development. There has been a loss of arable land, and the dream of 2 hectares of land, a cow, a wife and children, and a comfortable bed are not attainable. Water resources are also limited, the ratio of water to arable land is unevenly balanced, and there is overdrawing of groundwater. Energy shortages, environmental pollution, and pressure on employment are other effects of population pressure. The surplus labor force is about 150-190 million farmering laborers. Labor productivity has declined due to excess labor. Projections are that 20-25% of employees are surplus, and unemployed in urban areas will total 10 million. Without a strong family planning program, there will be a rural labor surplus of 200-360 million people by the year 2000. One benefit of lower population growth is the savings in child-rearing expenses. Estimated births averted between 1971 and 1992 was about 250 million, which translates to a savings of $500 billion. About 66% of this sum would be recovered in the same period and 33% would be recovered between 1993-2007. Government and nongovernmental spending on family planning totaled an estimated $10 billion between 1971-92. The ratio of input to output for averted births is 1 to 17. Total spending would have been RMB 2500 billion yuan for child rearing of averted births between 1971-92 and RMB 1828 billion yuan between 1991-2005. The saved money could be invested in economic development. An estimated 10% of national income could be saved. Another benefit from low population growth is the increased consumption evident between 1971-90. There has not been any significant change in the employment pattern in China. Women have benefitted from smaller families and greater involvement in the work force. 689 poor counties were identified as needing assistance, which resulted in increased incomes. PMID:12318709

Jiang, Z; Zhang, L

1994-02-01

480

Causality between financial development and economic growth: a case study on selected middle eastern countries  

E-print Network

CAUSALITY BETWEEN FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: A CASE STUDY ON SELECTED MIDDLE EASTERN COUNTRIES A Thesis by MASSA W. ALRAYES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2005 Major Subject: Economics CAUSALITY BETWEEN FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: A CASE STUDY ON SELECTED MIDDLE EASTERN COUNTRIES A...

Alrayes, Massa Waddah

2005-08-29

481

An economic analysis of the development potential of the Texas blue crab industry  

E-print Network

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF THE TEXAS BLUE CRAB INDUSTRY A Thesis CHARLOTTE LUCIERME MILLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the reguirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major subject: Agricultural Economics AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF THE TEXAS BLUE CRAB INDUSTRY A Thesis CHARLOTTE LUCIENNE MILLER Approved as to style and content by: John P. Nichols Chairman...

Miller, Charlotte Lucienne

1983-01-01

482

Recent developments in decision-analytic modelling for economic evaluation.  

PubMed

The past few years have seen rapid changes in the methods of decision-analytic modelling of healthcare programmes for the purposes of economic evaluation. This paper focuses on four developments in modelling that have emerged over the past few years or have become more widely used. First, no one optimal method for extrapolating outcomes from clinical trials has yet been established. Modellers may draw from a set of varied assumptions about survival extrapolation that encompass a range of possibilities from highly optimistic to extremely cautious. Secondly, the practicality and appeal of microsimulation as a method for analysing healthcare decision problems has increased dramatically with the speed of computing technology. Individual instantiations of a system are generated by using a random process to draw from probability distributions a large number of times (also known as Monte Carlo or probabilistic simulation). Microsimulation is moving in new directions, such as discrete-event simulations that simulate sequences of events by drawing directly from probability distributions of event times; this approach is now being broadly applied to model situations where populations of patients interact with healthcare delivery systems. Microsimulation modelling of transmission systems at the population level is also rapidly developing. Thirdly, model calibration is emerging as a new tool that may offer health scientists a means of generating important fundamental knowledge about disease processes. Model calibration allows evidence synthesis in which observations on observable quantities are used to draw inferences about unobservable quantities. The methodology of model calibration has advanced considerably, drawing on theories of numerical analysis and mathematical programming such as gradient methods, intelligent grid search algorithms, and many more. As a fourth issue, an area of extraordinary activity is in the use of transmission models to analyse interventions for infectious diseases, including population-wide effects of vaccination. Transmission models use differential equations to simulate, deterministically for the most part, transitions among infection-related health states. Only recently have modelling methodologies been combined so that cost-effectiveness analyses can consider explicitly not only the patient-level benefits of interventions but also the secondary benefits through transmission dynamics. Advances in technology allow more realistic and complex healthcare models to be simulated more rapidly. However, decision makers will not readily accept results from models unless they can understand them intuitively and explain them to others in relatively simple terms. The challenge for the next generation of modellers is not only to harness the power available from these newly accessible methods, but also to extract from the new generation of models the insights that will have the power to influence decision makers. PMID:17067190

Weinstein, Milton C

2006-01-01

483

Limits to growth, sustainable development and environmental kuznets curves: an examination of the environmental impact of economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of the relationship between economic development and the environment has been discussed since the 1960s, yet opinion remains divided. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between economic growth and environmental degradation and begins by reviewing the largely theoretical discussions from the 'limits to growth' debate of the 1970s to the advent of sustainable development in

Matthew A. Cole

1999-01-01

484

Fly-by-light flight control system technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a four-month, phased effort to develop a Fly-by-Light Technology Development Plan are documented. The technical shortfalls for each phase were identified and a development plan to bridge the technical gap was developed. The production configuration was defined for a 757-type airplane, but it is suggested that the demonstration flight be conducted on the NASA Transport Systems Research Vehicle. The modifications required and verification and validation issues are delineated in this report. A detailed schedule for the phased introduction of fly-by-light system components has been generated. It is concluded that a fiber-optics program would contribute significantly toward developing the required state of readiness that will make a fly-by-light control system not only cost effective but reliable without mitigating the weight and high-energy radio frequency related benefits.

Chakravarty, A.; Berwick, J. W.; Griffith, D. M.; Marston, S. E.; Norton, R. L.

1990-01-01

485

Port Development and Town Planning in North West England  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the links between the development of harbour facilities and planned towns, especially in the head port area of Carlisle in North West England. Largely based on documentary research and field observation it examines the development of Whitehaven and other Atlantic ports it influenced in Cumberland, Westmorland and north Lancashire. It examines these developments in their international context and shows how they were initiated by local landowners to maximise the output of their estates and to enhance their personal prestige. Beginning in the seventeenth century the paper demonstrates how this tradition of town and harbour foundation continued on into the nineteenth century when it was adopted by corporate concerns, especially railway companies. The paper concludes by highlighting how harbour developments associated with town planning helped to urbanise and stimulate the economy of a previously under-developed area. Two maps identify the locations of the places discussed.

Newman, Richard

2013-12-01

486

National rf technology research and development program plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan was prepared by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the request of the Office of Fusion Energy, Division of Development and Technology, to define the technology development needs and priorities. The US rf research and development community, with a wide representation from universities, laboratories and industries, participated in many discussions, meetings and in a three-day workshop in developing the needs and priorities definition. This very active and effective involvement of the rf leaders from all of these groups was an essential feature of the activity and results in the plan representing a broad consensus from the magnetic fusion energy development community. In addition, a number of scientists from Japan and Europe participated by providing data.

Not Available

1983-05-01

487

Metacognitive Planning: Development and Validation of an Online Measure.  

PubMed

Planning is the critical first stage of metacognition. Although it has long been emphasized theoretically, it has not been the subject of much empirical study due to the lack of a valid assessment tool. Because planning is a metacognitive process, online methods that collect data during task performance would much better capture it. The present study was conducted to develop an online measure of metacognitive planning. Researchers designed a puzzle task that took the form of the popular game Sokoban, and the ratio between planning time and total time of each item was chosen as the metacognitive planning index. The task was administered to a heterogeneous sample of 440 participants composed of college students as well as 5th-, 7th-, and 10th-grade students. The results showed that valid inference could be made from the time ratio score. Cronbach's alpha and test-retest correlation provided robust evidence of reliability of the time ratio score. Confirmatory factor analysis further confirmed its unidimensionality. Validity evidence also supported the use of the time ratio score. After controlling for demographic variables, intelligence, and motivation, the time ratio score still accounted for a significant proportion of variance of Sokoban performance, the Tower of London performance, and academic achievement. The time ratio score was also found to increase with age. Taken together, the results of the study revealed that the time ratio is a psychometrically sound online measure of metacognitive planning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25222433

Li, Jian; Zhang, Bo; Du, Han; Zhu, Ze; Li, Yi Ming

2014-09-15

488

Homeostatic control : economic integration of solar technologies into electric power operations and planning  

E-print Network

The economic and technical interfaces between the electrical utility and the distributed, nondispatchable electric generation systems are only minimally understood at the present time. This paper will discuss the economic ...

Tabors, Richard D.

1981-01-01

489

Two on Planning and Development: Low Impact Development Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These two sites should be useful for urban planners or anyone interested in the issues surrounding development and "sprawl." This second site is home to the Low Impact Development Center (LID), a nonprofit organization dedicated to "research, development and training for water resource and natural resource protection issues" relating to development. Users can download .pdf documents, including information on pilot projects and a LID lit review. The links section of the site is particularly useful as it gives annotated links for a wide range of LID-related sites.

2001-01-01

490

Rural Business, Economic Development, and Employment in New York State: A Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The First Statewide Legislative Symposium on Rural Development assessed New York's rural business, economic development, and employment potential. Growth in the economic potential of communities, favorable quality of life, and geographic accessibility have supported a decade-long influx of new residents to New York's 44 rural counties. The state…

New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, Albany.

491

Coalmining cities' economic growth mechanism and sustainable development analysis based on logistic dynamics model  

Microsoft Academic Search

A coalmining city is a unique city economic type that relies on the exploitation and utilization of coalmine resources for its economic and social development. Under the restraint of coalmining resource reserve and the influence of exploitation of the resources, the development of a coalmining city generally undergoes four stages: the starting period, the growth period, the maturity period and

Zhou Min; Wang Bang-jun; Ji Feng

2009-01-01

492

ENVIRONMENT, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH OF INDIAN STATES AFTER LIBERALISATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic growth does not necessarily ensure environmental sustainability for a country. The relationship between the two is far more complicated for developing countries like India, given the dependence of a large section of the population on natural resources for livelihood. Under this backdrop, the current study attempts to analyze the relationships among Environmental Quality (EQ), Human Development (HD) and Economic

Sacchidananda Mukherjee; Debashis Chakraborty

493

Environment, Human Development and Economic Growth after Liberalisation : An Analysis of Indian States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic growth does not necessarily ensure environmental sustainability for a country. The relationship between the two is far more complicated for developing countries like India, given the dependence of a large section of the population on natural resources for livelihood. Under this backdrop, the current study attempts to analyze the relationships among Environmental Quality (EQ), Human Development (HD) and Economic

Sacchidananda Mukherjee; Debashis Chakraborty

2007-01-01

494

Deploying Community Colleges to Strengthen State Economic Development: A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State governments across the nation are engaging community colleges as cornerstones of their comprehensive economic development strategies. This report summarizes the efforts of 10 states, recommended by national experts, to deploy community colleges in support of state economic development priorities. The 10 states are: Florida, Mississippi,…

Cleary, Jennifer; Fichtner, Aaron

2005-01-01

495

Deploying Community Colleges to Strengthen State Economic Development: A National Study. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State governments across the nation are engaging community colleges as cornerstones of their comprehensive economic development strategies. This executive summary summarizes the efforts of 10 states, recommended by national experts, to deploy community colleges in support of state economic development priorities. The 10 states are: Florida,…

Cleary, Jennifer; Fichtner, Aaron

2005-01-01

496

Social and Economic Wellbeing in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin: Building an Enlarged Human Development Indicator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper calculates a human Wellbeing Composite Index (WCI) for 42 countries, belonging to the European Economic Space, North Africa and the Middle East, as an alternative to the shortcomings of other well-known measures of socio-economic development (i.e. Gross Domestic Product per head and Human Development Index). To attain this goal,…

Reig-Martinez, Ernest

2013-01-01

497

Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impact: Four Regional Scenarios (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model for Offshore Wind, is a computer tool for studying the economic impacts of fixed-bottom offshore wind projects in the United States. This presentation provides the results of an analysis of four offshore wind development scenarios in the Southeast Atlantic, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico regions.

Tegen, S.

2014-11-01

498

The Interrelationship of Urban Economic and Cultural Development: the Case of Greek Museums  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the paper is the pinpointing of the role and importance of museums in the cultural and economic development of cities. The starting point is a critical analysis of the international, mainly European, experience, which, especially in the last decade, demonstrates the weight of the cultural factor in urban development focusing on the economic dimension. In the course

Alex Deffner; Theodoros Metaxas

2003-01-01

499

Reliving the 50s: the Big Push, Poverty Traps, and Takeoffs in Economic Development1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classic narrative of economic development -- poor countries are caught in poverty traps, out of which they need a Big Push involving increased aid and investment, leading to a takeoff in per capita income -- has been very influential in development economics since the 1950s. This was the original justification for foreign aid. The narrative lost credibility for a

William Easterly

500

LEARNING ABOUT WOMEN. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN INDIA: A CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

On a recent semester-long stay in India, students from Xavier University (Cincinnati, Ohio) learned about a variety of social and economic development issues, with an emphasis on the role and status of women. This study describes and assesses the impact and effectiveness of their learning with a particular focus on their exposure to Meerut Seva Samaj (MSS), one economic development

NANCY BERTAUX; ELAINE CRABLE

2007-01-01