These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Socio-economic Indicators for Development Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The broad sense of the term socio-economic is used when discussing indicators for national development planning while investigating a case study of India, selection of indicators, and development of indicators. (ND)

Rao, M. V. S.

1975-01-01

2

Economic Impact of Rural Development Plan 2007 2013 in Tuscany  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007 in every European Union region, involved in the planning of Rural Development Plan (RDP), an independent evaluator should asses the impact of the plan in term of value added and productivity. Each region has adopted different methodologies but few of them have followed the indications of Common and Monitoring Evaluation Framework (CMEF) to evaluate the net value deriving

F. Felici; R. Paniccia; Benedetto Rocchi

2008-01-01

3

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report UBC Zero Waste Planning Tool  

E-print Network

Waste and Water Engineer, Bud Fraser, to produce a Zero Waste Action Plan that will set the University with a University wide shift. The overall waste production at UBC in the 2010-2011 Waste Audit revealed a total siteUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report UBC Zero Waste Planning

4

Office of Economic Development Strategic Plan CLEMSON UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

mission was to serve as a "high seminary of learning" for the citizens of South Carolina. As a public land, driving economic opportunities for South Carolina's citizens, broadening the impact of the university Clemson's commitment to South Carolina, OED has driven the creation of exemplary public

Duchowski, Andrew T.

5

Institutional Design for Strategic Environmental Assessment on Urban Economic and Social Development Planning in China  

SciTech Connect

The National Economic and Social Development Plans (NESDPs) of cities in China, given their comprehensive, integrated and strategic nature, have significant and profound impacts on the development of cities and their embedded ecological environments. Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEAs) on city NESDPs have the potential to improve environmental policy integration at strategic level and to safeguard the sustainable development of cities. However, these plans are normally exempted from the current SEA requirement in China. We argue that it is more feasible to apply SEAs on city NESDPs before SEAs are expanded to higher level NESDPs in China. This article attempts to propose a China-specific institutional design for SEAs on city NESDPs based on experiments in selected cities and within the current legal framework. To obtain a holistic view about the long-term development of cities, more qualitative and descriptive analysis-based assessment methods should be adopted to broaden participation, to encourage the exchange of information and to reach consensus. - Highlights: > National Economic and Social Development Plans for Cities (NESDPs) in China is a very popular and significant decision made by municipal government. > We propose a institutional framework to conduct strategic environmental assessment to NESDPs. > The key features of the institutional framework are the independent SEA approval committee and a professional consulting agency.

Song Guojun, E-mail: Songguojun@vip.sohu.com; Zhou Li; Zhang Lei

2011-11-15

6

Essays on development economics  

E-print Network

This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

2007-01-01

7

Community Economic Development Strategic Planning for Rural Communities: A Case Study of Successful Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose of Study Since their inception university cooperative extension services in the United States have been engaged in planning and organizing for development in rural communities. With the rise of strategic planning, extension services began a more formal use of the concepts and tools of strategic thinking and management in their educational programming. Recognizing the need for strategic planning, universities

John Preissing

8

Canada's Economic Action Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website outlines the steps Canada's government is taking to recover from the recent economic crisis. It addresses jobs, communities, education, and Canada's fiscal advantages. Visitors interested in seeing short videos that aid Canadians in obtaining federal grants should click on the Video Vault link at the top of the page. A video entitled Apprenticeship Grants explains how federal grants encourage training in the trades, and another video informs people how they can get up to $5000 to make their homes more energy efficient. Moving on, visitors can also see the number of projects the action plan has started on the Projects Map link, located on the bottom of the homepage. This interactive map enables visitors to click on different locales to read about each project, and is searchable by province, city and project title.

2012-02-03

9

Fisheries Development and Fisheries Dependent Communities in Portugal: SocioEconomic Change and Strategic Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The socio-economic subsystem encompassing fisheries may be defined as including not only the harvesting sector but also several related activities occurring both upstream (shipbuilding, gear manufacture) and downstream (processing, distribution and trade). But these closely interrelated economic activities can also be set within a much broader system which would include the ecological, institutional and political influences which frame economic behaviour.

António Moniz; Ilona Kovács; Duarte Vicente; Ana R. Ramos

2000-01-01

10

Review Perspective Economic Planning of Quaid-i-Azam and the Economic Development of Pakistan (1913-48)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Quaid-i-Azam is generally projected only as a statesman with keen political acumen, who created an independent state for the Muslims despite the Hindus and British opposition. The image of the Quaid-i-Azam has for long overshadowed his serious concern for the socio-economic up lift of the people of the sub continent in general, and of Muslims in particular. However, over

BASHIR AHMAD KHILJI

11

11.967 Special Studies in Urban Studies: Economic Development Planning Skills, January (IAP) 2003  

E-print Network

Small group study of advanced subjects under staff supervision. For graduate students wishing to pursue further study in advanced areas of urban studies and city and regional planning not covered in regular subjects of ...

Seidman, Karl F.

12

PLANNING THE END OF THE AMERICAN GHETTO--A PROGRAM OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FOR EQUAL RIGHTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SOCIOECONOMIC FORCES CONTINUE TO PERPETUATE GHETTOS, DESPITE THE LEGAL EQUALITY GAINED BY NEGROES. THESE GHETTOS, IN WHICH OVER 10 MILLION MINORITY GROUP AMERICANS LIVE, EXACT AN ENORMOUS ECONOMIC PRICE IN NEEDED SERVICES, IN INCOME LOST BECAUSE OF LOW PRODUCTIVITY, AND IN PROPERTY LOST DURING PROTEST RIOTS. A PROGRAM TO END GHETTOS MUST START…

HILL, HERBERT

13

Environmental management and economic development  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: environmental management and economic policy in developing countries; environmental and natural resource accounting; marginal opportunity cost as a planning concept in natural resource management; the environmental basis of sustainable development; economic incentives for sustainable production; deforestation in Brazil's Amazon region: magnitude, rate, and causes; an economic justification for rural afforestation: the case of Ethiopia; managing the supply of and demand for fuelwood in Africa; economic aspects of afforestation and soil-conservation projects; multilevel resource analysis and management: the case of watersheds.

Schramm, G.; Warford, J.J.

1989-01-01

14

The economics of nutrition planning.  

PubMed

Economic theory suggests that consumers act to maximize their utility subject to constraints on their income and time. An individual's actions in the market (demand) generally reflect preferences based on his or her perception of utility, or welfare. Economic research has indicated that consumers purchase food, not nutrients, and that public programs and decisions concerning nutrition which have ignored consumer preferences have often been ineffective and heavily criticized. Approaches which integrate consumer demand and nutrition planning may be more successful in achieving national and institutional goals. PMID:7310029

Keith, J E

1981-12-01

15

National Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout the 1990s, Ireland experienced phenomenal growth in the emerging fields of information technologies (including such sectors as website design), and was dubbed the Celtic Tiger, due to its economic success. The country envisions a strong development plan for the coming years, hence the reason for this very site. Ireland's National Development Plan involves an investment of over 52-billion euros of public, private, and EU funds over the period from 2000 to 2006, and involves significant improvements in health services, social housing, education, roads, rural development, and industry. The site itself contains a bevy of documents, such as an executive summary and a complete version of the Development Plan itself, and a project database, which details the status of the hundreds of projects which are an integral part of this ongoing process. Overall, this site will be of great interest to persons working in the field of social policy, planning, and international development schemes.

16

Apples and Oranges Mean a New Fruit Crop: New Business Plan Competition Model Integrates Economic and Community Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mount Wachusett Community College Entrepreneurial Resource Center Business Plan Competition brings together stakeholders across all economic sectors to bolster the regional economy. It also highlights entrepreneurs as a viable career choice. The competition disintegrates existing silos, provides education to all entrants, and gives business…

Feldman, Jacqueline; Oden, Lisa Derby

2007-01-01

17

Dynamic optimization model of energy related economic planning and development for the Navajo nation  

SciTech Connect

The Navajo reservation located in portions of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah is rich in low sulfur coal deposits, ideal for strip mining operation. The Navajo Nation has been leasing the mineral resources to non-Indian enterprises for purposes of extraction. Since the early 1950s the Navajo Nation has entered into extensive coal leases with several large companies and utilities. Contracts have committed huge quantities of Navajo coal for mining. This research was directed to evaluate the shadow prices of Navajo coal and identify optimal coal extraction. An economic model of coal resource extraction over time was structured within an optimal control theory framework. The control problem was formulated as a discrete dynamic optimization problem. A comparison of the shadow prices of coal deposits derived from the dynamic model with the royalty payments the tribe receives on the basis of the present long-term lease contracts indicates that, in most cases, the tribe is paid considerably less than the amount of royalty projected by the model. Part of these discrepancies may be explained in terms of the low coal demand condition at the time of leasing and due to greater uncertainties with respect to the geologic information and other risks associated with mining operations. However, changes in the demand for coal with rigidly fixed terms of royalty rates will lead to non-optimal extraction of coal. A corrective tax scheme is suggested on the basis of the results of this research. The proposed tax per unit of coal shipped from a site is the difference between the shadow price and the present royalty rate. The estimated tax rates over time are derived.

Beladi, S.A.

1983-01-01

18

Integrating economic costs into conservation planning  

E-print Network

Integrating economic costs into conservation planning Robin Naidoo1 , Andrew Balmford2 , Paul J of conservation interventions, these increases in efficiency from incorporating costs into planning have not yet them into conservation planning. Systematic conservation planning and economic costs In trying to stem

Vermont, University of

19

THE ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF URBANIZATION, ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS IN COMMUNITY ACTION. KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY SHORT COURSE SERIES IN PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

STATISTICAL DATA AND PROJECTIONS ON POPULATION, EMPLOYMENT, AND INCOME IN KANSAS, AS REPORTED IN 1966 BY THE KANSAS OFFICE OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, UNDERLINE THE FACT THAT KANSAS IS CHANGING FROM A LARGELY AGRICULTURAL ECONOMY TO A MANUFACTURING-CENTERED, URBAN-ORIENTED ECONOMY. HOWEVER, THE ANTICIPATED PATTERN OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT IS…

MCGRAW, EUGENE T.

20

The contribution of agricultural economics to development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural economics is an applied discipline with a broadly based application to development theory. The importance of agriculture in economic development has led to pressing demands on the role which agricultural economists are required to play. At all stages, a major part of the planning and implementation input is contributed by agricultural economists. The development of agricultural economics was therefore

T. I. Fenyes; C. J. van Rooyen

1985-01-01

21

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777  

E-print Network

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

Almor, Amit

22

Planning Report 01-3 Economic Evaluation  

E-print Network

Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group October 2001 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;Economic Evaluation of the Baldrige National Quality Program by Albert N. Link Department of Economics University of North Carolina at Greensboro and John T. Scott Department of Economics Dartmouth

23

Business Continuity Planning In Difficult Economic Times  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business continuity planning on an enterprise-wide level is an involved and costly process. Certainly, each company would do well to have some kind of comprehensive plan to handle crises. However, in these challenging economic times, many companies are choosing to postpone or eliminate business continuity planning from their budgets, even though they may have no plan at all in place.

Suzanne Widup

2003-01-01

24

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE CIVIC PARTICIPATION IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLANNING: TOURISM IN THE VILLAGE OF NORTH UTICA, ILLINOIS  

E-print Network

Matthiessen Park, just south of Starved Rock, from a private landowner who had developed the area. Matthiessen State Park offers hiking trails, picnic accommodations, an archery range, a model airplane field, and an equestrian campground and trails... planner is expected to allocate scarce resources in an impartial manner. It is in this task that plans frequently encounter political conflict… .[P]lanning generates conflict because changes in the rules of the allocation game will often alter...

Spears, Chaya Riannon

2011-04-26

25

Strategic Plan for 2020 Department of Economics  

E-print Network

Strategic Plan for 2020 Department of Economics E. J. Ourso College of Business MISSION AND VISION in economic theory and it application and relevance to real world problems. Performance Indicators: Student The mission of the Department of Economics is to enhance the reputation of the Department, the College

26

Planning Report 02-3 The Economic  

E-print Network

Planning Report 02-3 The Economic Impacts of Inadequate Infrastructure for Software Testing Number 7007.011 The Economic Impacts of Inadequate Infrastructure for Software Testing Final Report May to Software Quality and Testing 1-1 1.1 Software Quality Attributes

27

Lesson Plans in Urban Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces history of urbanization and problems created by growth of cities. Describes process of homogenization achieved by land-use regulations, income and education differentiation, and racial/ethnic characteristics. Focuses on the sociopolitical-economic challenges of the 1990s. Includes format for three lessons with a case study project and…

Alexander, Albert

1990-01-01

28

A Systematic Review of Cost-Sharing Strategies Used within Publicly-Funded Drug Plans in Member Countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development  

PubMed Central

Background Publicly-funded drug plans vary in strategies used and policies employed to reduce continually increasing pharmaceutical expenditures. We systematically reviewed the utilization of cost-sharing strategies and physician-directed prescribing regulations in publicly-funded formularies within member nations of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Methods & Findings Using the OECD nations as the sampling frame, a search for cost-sharing strategies and physician-directed prescribing regulations was done using published and grey literature. Collected data was verified by a system expert within the prescription drug insurance plan in each country, to ensure the accuracy of key data elements across plans. Significant variation in the use of cost-sharing mechanisms was seen. Copayments were the most commonly used cost-containment measure, though their use and amount varied for those with certain conditions, most often chronic diseases (in 17 countries), and by socio-economic status (either income or employment status), or with age (in 15 countries). Caps and deductibles were only used by five systems. Drug cost-containment strategies targeting physicians were also identified in 24 countries, including guideline-based prescribing, prescription monitoring and incentive structures. Conclusions There was variable use of cost-containment strategies to limit pharmaceutical expenditures in publicly funded formularies within OECD countries. Further research is needed to determine the best approach to constrain costs while maintaining access to pharmaceutical drugs. PMID:24618721

Barnieh, Lianne; Clement, Fiona; Harris, Anthony; Blom, Marja; Donaldson, Cam; Klarenbach, Scott; Husereau, Don; Lorenzetti, Diane; Manns, Braden

2014-01-01

29

Application of Artificial Intelligence Techniques to Economic Planning  

E-print Network

in artificial intelligence can be applied to solve planning problems with economically acceptable computationalApplication of Artificial Intelligence Techniques to Economic Planning PAUL COCKSHOTT Department to economic planning is defended. An algorithm for constructing a balanced economic plan is presented

Cockshott, W. Paul

30

Hanford Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Development Plan (HSDP) provides an overview of land use, infrastructure, and facility requirements to support US Department of Energy (DOE) programs at the Hanford Site. The HSDP`s primary purpose is to inform senior managers and interested parties of development activities and issues that require a commitment of resources to support the Hanford Site. The HSDP provides an existing and future land use plan for the Hanford Site. The HSDP is updated annually in accordance with DOE Order 4320.1B, Site Development Planning, to reflect the mission and overall site development process. Further details about Hanford Site development are defined in individual area development plans.

Hathaway, H.B.; Daly, K.S.; Rinne, C.A.; Seiler, S.W.

1993-05-01

31

The common law as central economic planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central economic planning traditionally has set goals and allocated resources by supplanting the price system with central\\u000a direction. Planners engaged in industry-by-industry and firm-by-firm decision making, all to achieve predetermined targets.\\u000a The neoclassical approach to law and economics posits that common law judges engage in a similar activity, in rendering decisions\\u000a that maximize wealth. A significant feature of this approach

Peter H. Aranson

1992-01-01

32

48 CFR 31.205-12 - Economic planning costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...costs. Economic planning costs are the costs...long-range management planning that is concerned...the contractor's business and that may take...contractor currently does business. Economic planning costs are...

2010-10-01

33

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Centre for Sustainable Information Management: A Business Plan  

E-print Network

classroom or research space. In addition, many of these documents are not well managed; for instance, some Information Management: A Business Plan Jeff Svanhill Jennifer Hume Liya Zhuang Perry Sih Ryan Zhang MBA UBC FT MBA 2013 | Project 2 12/5/2011 Centre for Sustainable Information Management: A Business Plan

34

Planning, Management, and Economics of Airport Operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the role of the airport in the transportation complex and in the community is presented. The establishment of the airport including its requirements in regional planning and the operation of the airport as a social and economic force are discussed.

Wiley, J.

1972-01-01

35

Minnesota's Transportation Economic Development (TED)  

E-print Network

and sustainability #12;· "Transportation is critical in supporting economic vitality and quality of life in MinnesotaMinnesota's Transportation Economic Development (TED) Pilot Program Center for Transportation Studies Transportation Research Conference May 24-25, 2011 #12;Transportation Role in Economic Development

Minnesota, University of

36

Graphite technology development plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the plan for the graphite technology development required to support the design of the 350 MW(t) Modular HTGR within the US National Gas-Cooled Reactor Program. Besides descriptions of the required technology development, cost estimates, and schedules, the plan also includes the associated design functions and design requirements.

NONE

1986-07-01

37

Geography and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth through their effects on transport costs, disease burdens, and agricultural productivity, among other channels. Geography also seems to affect economic policy choices. Many geographic regions that have not been conducive to modern economic growth have high population densities and are experiencing rapid increases in population. At particular disadvantage

John Luke Gallup; Jeffrey D. Sachs; Andrew D. Mellinger

1999-01-01

38

Developing a Marketing Plan  

E-print Network

Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-03-02

39

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives  

E-print Network

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics ­ Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives The program will prepare graduates: 1. Understand the "economic way model economic decisions. 3. The ability to analyze historical and current events

Cantlon, Jessica F.

40

11.202 Gateway: Planning Economics, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

Planning Economics (11.202) is a course that runs for the last one-third of a semester and covers economics topics of particular interest to city planning students: location theory, the interplay between externalities and ...

Levy, Frank

41

Economic Development: Commitment, Communication, and Coordination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community and junior colleges play a vital role in the economic development process. They serve as catalysts in planning and implementing the efforts of the involved groups. They also provide technical assistance through program offerings, services, and resources. There are specific ways that each group involved can display a commitment,…

Sanders, Carol S.

1988-01-01

42

Geography and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the complex relationship between geography and macroeconomic growth. We investigate the ways in which geography may matter directly for growth, controlling for economic policies and institutions, as well as the effects of geography on policy choices and institutions. We find that location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth, through their effects on

John Luke Gallup; Jeffrey D. Sachs; Andrew D. Mellinger

1998-01-01

43

RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN IN THE CASE OF AN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT FUNDED BY THE SECTORAL OPERATIONAL PROGRAMME INCREASE OF ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents aspects of risk management plan achieved for the Project named Platforma de cercetare multidisciplinara pentru coeziune interregionala si crestere a competitivitatiieconomice (Multidisciplinary Research platform for interregional cohesion and increase of economiccompetitiveness), project that has been funded by the the Sectoral Operational Programme Increase ofEconomic Competitiveness in the period between 2009-2010. When taking about risks we have to

Manuella Kadar; Ioan Moise Achim; Lucia Cabulea

2010-01-01

44

Renewable Energy Economic Development  

E-print Network

continents. 6 Proprietary & Confidential · Carbon Management and Climate Change · Chemicals · Industrial · A robust sustainable legacy plan that provides national benefits in culture, sport, volunteering, business for coordinating safety and security Our Role · One of three firms comprising the consortium, CLM Delivery Partner

45

Institutions, Economic Development, and Deforestation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a unified framework linking two important debates: First, the debate about the respective roles of geography and institutions on economic development; Second, the literature on the role of technological change and economic development on agricultural intensification and land use changes. We use this framework to study empirically deforestation patterns at the rainforest margin. To this end we

Michael Grimm; Stephan Klasen; Stefan Schwarze

2009-01-01

46

Strategies for Arab economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 20-nation Arab world needs to clarify and evaluate strategies for economic development in order to take advantage of the opportunities presented by petrodollar surpluses. Statistics and averages do not present an accurate picture of the social and economic status of individual countries because of their different levels of development. While sources of potential wealth include petroleum reserves, natural gas,

Oweiss

2009-01-01

47

Socio-Economic and Communication Indicators in Development Planning: A Case Study of Iran. Communication and Society 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of the social development of Iran reveals that quantitative leaps in the growth of traditional communication indicators, such as the mass media, did not necessarily mean growth in the social communication system as a whole. The intrinsic communication needs of modern Iranians for identity, legitimacy, and community have remained…

Tehranian, Majid

48

[Communique on fulfillment of 1979 economic plan].  

PubMed

In 1979 China's total industrial and agricultural output value reached 617,500 million yuan, exceeding the economic plan by 1.5%. National income was 337,000 million yuan, which was 7% over 1978. This progress was achieved under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the people's government through conscientious implementation of the policy of readjustment, restructuring, consolidation, and improvement in the national economy. Discussion of the 1979 economic plan focuses on the following: industry; agriculture; capital construction; transport and post and telecommunications; domestic trade; foreign trade and tourism; science and technology and education and culture; health work and sports; the people's livelihood; and the population. The total 1979 industrial output value was 459,100 million yuan, 0.6% above the plan and 8.5% over 1978. The rate of increase of light industry exceeded that of heavy industry. Plans were met or surpassed for the output of 89 of 100 major products. The total value of agricultural output for 1979 was 158,400 million yuan, 4.2% above the plan and 8.6% higher than the previous year. The fixed assets turned over for use by capital construction units all over China came to 41,800 million yuan, a 17.4% increase over 1978. In 1979 the volume of railway freight transport was 558,800 million ton-kilometers, a 4.8% increase over 1978. The value of commodities purchased by commercial departments totaled 199,240 million yuan, topping 1978 by 14.5%. China had a population of 970.92 million by the end of 1979, 12.83 million people more than the 1978 figure. The birth rate was 17.9/1000 and the death rate was 6.2/1000. China's natural population growth rate was 11.7/1000. PMID:12264023

1980-04-30

49

Development, Geography, and Economic Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do certain ideas gain currency in economics while others fall by the wayside? Paul Krugman argues that the unwillingness of mainstream economists to think about what they could not formalize led them to ignore ideas that turn out, in retrospect, to have been very good ones. Krugman examines the course of economic geography and development theory to shed light

Paul Krugman

1996-01-01

50

Community Colleges and Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document argues that regions that sustain economic growth or recover rapidly from economic slumps are often the same communities that have aggressively developed and continue to strengthen collaborations with business and industry, universities, community colleges, high schools, and other key public and private sector entities. In San Diego…

Gallego, Augustine

51

FE: Aspects of Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents national and international perspectives on the role of further education (FE) in economic development in the United Kingdom and elsewhere. Throughout the papers, special attention is paid to the need to reassess FE and its role as service provider, stakeholder, and strategic partner in view of the following social and economic

James, Simon, Ed.

1998-01-01

52

Essays in development economics  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 looks at the empirical estimation of the welfare impacts of bargaining. Bargaining for retail goods is common in developing countries, but rare in the developed world. The welfare implications of this difference ...

Keniston, Daniel Eben

2011-01-01

53

Assessment Plan Department/Program: Economics (ECON) and Mathematics-Economics (MECO)  

E-print Network

and empirical analysis of economic problems. For MECO, this goal involves greater emphasis on the use of formalAssessment Plan Department/Program: Economics (ECON) and Mathematics-Economics (MECO) 1. Learning Goals Knowledge of basic economic principles, important economic issues, and major economic institutions

Devoto, Stephen H.

54

Three essays in development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis seeks to analyze two questions central to the economic welfare of rural households in developing countries: the trade-offs between equity and efficiency induced by hybrid forms of property rights, and the ...

Leight, Jessica E. (Jessica Ellen)

2013-01-01

55

Essays in development economics  

E-print Network

This dissertation brings together three essays on the relationship between education, health, and family structure in developing countries. The first essay studies the impact of the AIDS epidemic on children's schooling ...

Breierova, Lucia, 1976-

2003-01-01

56

Conservation and economic development  

SciTech Connect

This oral presentation is about the Espanola Power Savers Project which involves both the utility and for the community. I`m going to spend much of my time today discussing why this project makes sense for the community, but I would like to start with a brief word about why community-based conservation makes sense for utilities. A number of reasons are listed to show why conservation is today`s energy resource of choice. But if, for a moment, we take that as a given and ask why community-based conservation programs are the right way to develop that resource, the answer is simple: They work!

Sullivan, M.J.

1992-05-01

57

Conservation and economic development  

SciTech Connect

This oral presentation is about the Espanola Power Savers Project which involves both the utility and for the community. I'm going to spend much of my time today discussing why this project makes sense for the community, but I would like to start with a brief word about why community-based conservation makes sense for utilities. A number of reasons are listed to show why conservation is today's energy resource of choice. But if, for a moment, we take that as a given and ask why community-based conservation programs are the right way to develop that resource, the answer is simple: They work

Sullivan, M.J.

1992-05-01

58

Local Initiative for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1982, in an effort to address a rising unemployment rate in its service area, Pueblo Community College (PCC) joined with local community leaders and the Pueblo Economic Development Corporation to explore feasible, practical, and workable assistance models which would foster the retention and development of small businesses. Numerous…

Zeiss, P. Anthony

59

75 FR 39730 - Tribal Economic Development Bonds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Tribal Economic Development Bonds AGENCY: Department...Governments regarding the Tribal Economic Development Bond provision in Section...governments, known as ``Tribal Economic Development Bonds,'' under...

2010-07-12

60

Thermal Energy Storage Evaluation Program: 1986 annual report. [Economic planning, technical assessment, field tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Thermal Energy Storage Evaluation Program activities were initiated to provide economic planning, technical assessment and field testing support for the thermal energy storage program, as well as management of the overall program for the DOE. Economic planning included two assessment studies. In technical assessment, issues that might affect an assessment were outlined for the development of a standard methodology

M. K. Drost; J. M. Bates; D. R. Brown; R. O. Weijo

1987-01-01

61

Economic benefits of space development  

SciTech Connect

Space offers us the opportunity to extend Earth's natural resources and to exploit them more efficiently. The classic economic problems of scarcity are thus amenable to attack through productivity increases resulting from space development. Our research shows that this is already occurring and that many benefits to consumers presently exist.

Lorber, H.W.; Drake, R.H.

1982-03-01

62

CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Community Economic Development  

E-print Network

and social media. & A sustainable local economy is a complex system of exchanges, built on reciprocitySFU CERTIFICATE PROGRAM Community Economic Development GET THE SKILLS, KNOWLEDGE, NETWORKS TO BUILD SUSTAINABLE LOCAL ECONOMIES access to the most effective and efficient strategies access to hundreds of case

Kavanagh, Karen L.

63

Graphite Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This technology development plan is designed to provide a clear understanding of the research and development direction necessary for the qualification of nuclear grade graphite for use within the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) reactor. The NGNP will be a helium gas cooled Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) with a large graphite core. Graphite physically contains the fuel and comprises the majority of the core volume. Considerable effort will be required to ensure that the graphite performance is not compromised during operation. Based upon the perceived requirements the major data needs are outlined and justified from the perspective of reactor design, reatcor performance, or the reactor safety case. The path forward for technology development can then be easily determined for each data need. How the data will be obtained and the inter-relationships between the experimental and modeling activities will define the technology development for graphite R&D. Finally, the variables affecting this R&D program are discussed from a general perspective. Factors that can significantly affect the R&D program such as funding, schedules, available resources, multiple reactor designs, and graphite acquisition are analyzed.

W. Windes; T. Burchell; R. Bratton

2007-09-01

64

Development Planning for School Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development planning has recently become a commonly adopted strategy for school improvement in the United Kingdom. Development planning is a description and more formal explication of the process and actions required to plan and manage change with the intention of improving the school. The chapters in this book report on the "state of the art" of…

Hargreaves, David H., Ed.; Hopkins, David, Ed.

65

Economic analysis for transmission operation and planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Restructuring of the electric power industry has caused dramatic changes in the use of transmission system. The increasing congestion conditions as well as the necessity of integrating renewable energy introduce new challenges and uncertainties to transmission operation and planning. Accurate short-term congestion forecasting facilitates market traders in bidding and trading activities. Cost sharing and recovery issue is a major impediment for long-term transmission investment to integrate renewable energy. In this research, a new short-term forecasting algorithm is proposed for predicting congestion, LMPs, and other power system variables based on the concept of system patterns. The advantage of this algorithm relative to standard statistical forecasting methods is that structural aspects underlying power market operations are exploited to reduce the forecasting error. The advantage relative to previously proposed structural forecasting methods is that data requirements are substantially reduced. Forecasting results based on a NYISO case study demonstrate the feasibility and accuracy of the proposed algorithm. Moreover, a negotiation methodology is developed to guide transmission investment for integrating renewable energy. Built on Nash Bargaining theory, the negotiation of investment plans and payment rate can proceed between renewable generation and transmission companies for cost sharing and recovery. The proposed approach is applied to Garver's six bus system. The numerical results demonstrate fairness and efficiency of the approach, and hence can be used as guidelines for renewable energy investors. The results also shed light on policy-making of renewable energy subsidies.

Zhou, Qun

66

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

67

Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan (Development Plan) is to guide the physical development of the 200 Areas (which refers to the 200 East Area, 200 West Area, and 200 Area Corridor, located between the 200 East and 200 West Areas) in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.lB (DOE 1991a) by performing the following: Establishing a land-use plan and setting land-use categories that meet the needs of existing and proposed activities. Coordinating existing, 5-year, and long-range development plans and guiding growth in accordance with those plans. Establishing development guidelines to encourage cost-effective development and minimize conflicts between adjacent activities. Identifying site development issues that need further analysis. Integrating program plans with development plans to ensure a logical progression of development. Coordinate DOE plans with other agencies [(i.e., Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)]. Being a support document to the Hanford Site Development Plan (DOE-RL 1990a) (parent document) and providing technical site information relative to the 200 Areas.

Rinne, C.A.; Daly, K.S.

1993-08-01

68

Winter Term 2013/14 Development Economics I: Macro Issues in Development Economics  

E-print Network

1 Winter Term 2013/14 Development Economics I: Macro Issues in Development Economics Instructor.104). This course is providing an overview of development economics issues, with particular emphasis on macro issues in economic development. The most important topics to be covered are the measurement and meaning of economic

Krivobokova, Tatyana

69

Planning Report 10-1 Economic Impact  

E-print Network

;_________________________________ RTI International is a trade name of Research Triangle Institute. RTI Project Number 0211875 Economic ...............................................................1-4 1.3 Study Overview and Report Organization.............................................3-3 3.3 Organization of Annual IR Research Workshops

70

Planning for Life: Developing and Recognizing Exemplary Career Planning Programs. A Resource Guide for Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the importance of the need for effective career planning, the United States Army, in conjunction with the Council of Economic Development, conducted a forum to focus on this issue. What emerged was a program called Planning for Life, which annually recognizes outstanding career planning programs at the state and national level. The…

Dahir, Carol, Ed.

71

The Illinois Plan for Home Economics Education. A Curriculum Guide. Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides additional information for teachers and administrators who are implementing the Illinois Plan for Home Economics Education by conducting the several exploratory/orientation courses developed in the curriculum. These six appendixes contain the following: (1) the Illinois Home Economics Sequential Program; (2) a comparison of…

Illinois State Univ., Normal. Dept. of Home Economics.

72

Developing an effective business plan.  

PubMed

The cost-consciousness of today's health care industry demands that nurses function as business people as well as care givers. One critical business skill that nurses must develop is writing effective business plans. This article describes a framework for developing successful business plans for both beginning new services and expanding current nursing programs. PMID:2192286

Johnson, J E

1990-01-01

73

Planning & Campus Development  

E-print Network

Presentations Public Comments (MP) MP Interviews/ Charrettes #6 Facility Access (ADA) UNM ADA Transition Plan Office of Equal Opportunity Accessibility Resource Center Policy 2310: Academic Adjustment for Students with Disabilities Policy 3110: Reasonable Accommodation for Employees with Disabilities Policy 3110 Exhibit A

Maccabe, Barney

74

Energy resources and economic development in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explores the relationship between energy resource development and economic development in India. The thesis which evolved from the research is that energy resource development has lagged behind and constrained economic development in India. Inadequate attention has been paid to developing the power sector, and the petroleum sector is just beginning to be developed. This research consists of an

1978-01-01

75

Sustainability Appraisals of Regional Planning Guidance and Regional Economic Strategies in England: An Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainability appraisal involves the systematic identification and evaluation of the potential impacts on sustainability concerns of a policy, plan, programme or project, in order that its performance in relation to sustainable development may be improved. UK government guidance currently requires regional planning guidance (RPG) and regional economic strategies (RESs) prepared for each English region to undergo a sustainability appraisal. To

Steven Smith; William Sheate

2001-01-01

76

Model developed for economic gas dispatch  

SciTech Connect

Essex County Gas Co. is using at new, highly efficient approach to simulate the daily economic dispatch of gas supplies to meet market requirements under FERC Order 636. Although sophisticated in its design, the modeling environment permits straightforward model construction with richly detailed components that can be readily changed as needed by gas utility personnel after only a short training period. It provides a mechanism for very detailed simulation of the market and supply balances governing LDC operations. The model serves as Essex County Gas' primary what if tool for testing the operational and economic consequences of a wide variety of supply and demand-side-management alternatives. The model, developed by consultant E.J. Curtis, is driven by Effective Heating Degree-Day daily weather patterns, such as design, normal, warm and extreme. The model is driven by weather patterns input as time series, so other independent variables such as general inflation factors, energy cost projections and economic model results can also be input as time-series data. Alternatively, detailed submodels for such components can be imbedded within the model to automatically generate this information. It incorporates supply and market simulation elements, permitting ready adaptation for use not only in conventional supply planning but also integrated resource management. Comparative what if ' cases can be run with specific demand-side management initiatives toggled on and off.

Leary, A. (Essex County Gas Co., Amesbury, MA (United States)); Curtis, E.J. (Curtis Associates Inc., York Harbor, ME (United States))

1993-12-01

77

Consolidating Local Economic Development in Post-Apartheid South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the release in 2006 of a national coordinated framework, a new policy maturity has emerged in South Africa around the\\u000a planning of local economic development (LED). In this article, key issues are explored for the consolidation of LED as an\\u000a important aspect of development planning in postapartheid South Africa. Five significant themes are identified as central\\u000a to the consolidation

Christian M. Rogerson

2008-01-01

78

Why State and Local Economic Development Programs Cause so Little Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although evaluations show that state and local economic development programs have few effects on economic growth or redistribution of economic activity, explanations for the failures are incomplete. Technocratic explanations have dominated economic development research but cannot account for many program activities. Based on evidence from a Minnesota program, the best explanation emphasizes a perspective of bureaucratic and political imperatives. Economic

Margaret E. Dewar

1998-01-01

79

Competition and the regulation of economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the idea that the competitive process is central to a process of economic development and that it underpins the self-transformation of economic systems and thus structural change. Innovation plays a key role in the competitive process and links economic development to enterprise and the growth of knowledge in general. In this view, competition is an evolutionary process,

J. S. Metcalfe; R. Ramlogan

2005-01-01

80

Foreign Aid, War, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foreign Aid, War, and Economic Development traces the economic history of South Vietnam from 1955 to 1975. During this period encompassing the Vietnam war, high-level officials paid relatively little attention to the economy of South Vietnam even though economic development was a necessary condition for the country's survival. A generous foreign aid program was designed to pay local troops and

Douglas C. Dacy

81

III.1 Economic Development and Environmental Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a long-standing debate on the relationship between economic development and environmental quality. From a sustainable development viewpoint there has been a growing concern that the economic expansion of the world economy will cause irreparable damage to our planet. In the last few years several studies have appeared dealing with the relationship between the scale of economic activity and

Marzio Galeotti

82

NARF Indian Economic Development Law Project Begins.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Native American Rights Fund (NARF) is beginning a project to assist tribes and Indian communities with the legal aspects of economic and business development. Historic monopolistic and oppressive trade restrictions imposed on the tribes created an economic context that has suppressed Indian economic development for over two centuries. Faced…

NARF Legal Review, 1989

1989-01-01

83

Developing an effective business plan.  

PubMed

At some time, virtually all managed care executives, and most physician executives, will be asked to develop business plans. Business plans are thoughtful, comprehensive, and realistic descriptions of the many aspects of the formulation of a new business product or line for market. The author describes what goes into the writing of a business plan and how the physician executive should approach this task. PMID:10157925

Lehman, L B

1996-06-01

84

Essays in development and environmental economics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and environmental economics. Chapter 1 measures the response of U.S. based multinational firms to the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), which ...

Hanna, Rema

2005-01-01

85

Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

2013-01-01

86

Essays in experimental and development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three essays on economic development and experimental economics. In Chapter 1, I present experimental evidence about how Thais treat information from domestic and foreign sources. Thai students ...

Healy, Andrew J

2005-01-01

87

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE  

E-print Network

of Labor Economics has since 1983 presented international research on issues affecting the economy as well. Audience Academic, business, and government economists, and labor relations specialists. journals

Mateo, Jill M.

88

Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As many cities have begin to grapple with their vast areas of brownfields that dot the urban landscape, the federal government has begun to step in and provide various financial assistance in order to assist with the redevelopment of abandoned, idled and underused industrial and commercial facilities. This website, provided by the U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development, provides information about the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI), which is a competitive grant program that is meant to serve as a stimulus for local government and private sector parties to start the long redevelopment process. The site contains detailed information about the program, along with archived webcasts that talk about various success stories that have been funded with monies from the program thus far. Also on the site, information is provided about how brownfields are defined and how monies for the program have been distributed to various communities. Finally, visitors will want to take a look at the related publications available here, including those that detail various brownfields initiative and the potential long-term effects of environmental degradation.

89

Recent trends in local economic development in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past two decades issues of local economic development (LED) have come to dominate urban politics and planning in many cities in the United States, and local governments have increasingly adopted entrepreneurial development strategies. More recently, LED strategies are being adopted in the third world (Mitchell-Weaver and Manning 1991; Rondinelli 1990;1991; Zank 1991; Fergusen 1992; Linfield 1993; Zaaijer and

Brij Maharaj; Kemraj Rambali

1996-01-01

90

Business Plan Development Company Description  

E-print Network

by the establishment of additional work stations. Raw materials purchasing and subsequent manufacturing need to be done purchasing and manufacturing under my personal name to-date. The concept of the device I patented market, marketing plan, web development, manufacturing plan to allow for maximum profit margin while

Dahl, David B.

91

Is family planning an economic decision?  

PubMed

This study examines economic models of household choice and the role of economic factors in determining the timing of births. A static economic model is presented and tested with data from the Netherlands. After the availability of contraceptives, the family size variable shifted from being an exogenous to an endogenous one, because births could be regulated. Costs of childbearing were construed to have maintenance costs for parents and society, attendance costs of care, and intangible costs such as anxiety or personal freedom. Benefits were intangible ones, such as joy and happiness; income; public benefits; and attendance benefits. Intangible benefits enlarged the utility of children, but maintenance costs diminished resources available for consumption. Child quality was a product of market goods purchased by parents and others and household labor. Household time allocation varied with child's age. Private responsibility for children varied by country. Quality of child care varied between countries and over time. Quality was dependent upon economies of scale, variable costs by the age of the child, variable time commitments by age of the child, and market substitutes for private child care. Higher income families spent more money but less time on children. It is pointed out that Becker's model explained number of children, but not timing of births. Postponement of birth was unlikely for those with a limited education, an unpleasant job, and low wages. When the advantages and disadvantages of having a baby were positive, spouses or single women with a high subjective preference were expected to bear a child as soon as possible. Government policy can affect the average family size by increasing or decreasing the financial and/or time burden of children. Postponement may be chosen based on long term analysis of a couple's future, the formation and use of capital, and/or high subjective time preference. Before and after first birth are different frames of reference for couples. Before the birth, the future may be vague. After the birth, life without a child becomes unimaginable. PMID:12291178

Wunderink, S R

1995-09-01

92

Aggressive development plans  

SciTech Connect

Hydropower developments are capital-intensive, are subject to uncertainty in water availability, and have a somewhat higher construction-cost risk than thermal projects. However, a developer who selects an attractive site, arranges a good financial package, and designs and constructs a well-conceived hydropower project can earn an attractive long-term return while providing a dependable, low-cost source of energy to consumers. In the Philippines, many attractive hydropower sites are now available. As demonstrated by the attendance at the US Trade and Development Agency-sponsored Symposium on Power Development and Investment Opportunities in the Philippines, in Washington, D.C., on Sept. 21 and 22, 1993, there is a growing interest in private hydropower. Following its successful record in implementing thermal private power developments, the Philippines now offers many attractive opportunities to exploit its tremendous potential in the hydropower sector.

McCandless, D.H.

1993-11-01

93

Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1988, the World Bank Group (described in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) has addressed issues of economic architecture, corporate governance, crime, land reform, and the economics of transition at the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE). Currently, papers from previous ABCDE's are available online with a keynote addresses, such as by nobel laureate James Tobin, and interested individuals are invited to comment on forthcoming conference papers at the ABCDE homepage.

1988-01-01

94

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

2010-01-01

95

Hydropower planning in Developing Countries  

SciTech Connect

The 1960's and 1970's saw the development in the U.S. and Europe of a number of useful mathematical planning tools for electric power systems. Utilization of these tools in practical application, however, appears more significant in some of the developing countries than in the industrialized countries where they originated. It is not uncommon to find electric power utilities in third world countries that are using and indeed developing state of the art planning techniques in long-range generation planning. This is particularly so for systems with large amounts of existing and/or potential hydroelectric power. Despite the approximations that are necessary, these techniques furnish planners and decision makers with valuable insights on the range of possible long-term consequences of near-term decisions. This paper highlights several computer models that have been found useful in long-range planning in nations with high hydro potential.

Kilmartin, R.F.

1988-04-01

96

Mainstreaming Sustainability in Local Economic Development Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable development objectives now form a central part of the local economic development practitioner's remit. So an understanding of the concepts used and the tools required to mainstream sustainability is vital. The paper reviews economic, environmental and social conceptualisations of sustainability as these relate to local development practice. It distinguishes between weak sustainability 'no-regrets' policy instruments (such as ecological modernisation,

Tony Jackson

2007-01-01

97

Planning for energy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that the health of the boom town's residents would be affected by the inadequacy of its entire infrastructure (i.e., roads, housing, water supply, waste removal system, school system, and health services), the need for Health Systems Agency (HSA) involvement in energy impacted areas (areas targeted for energy development) throughout the western region is obvious. HSAs, however, lack the resources

Gildroy

1980-01-01

98

STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Energy Policy Division 925 Plum Street SE, Bldg. 4 PO Box 43173 Olympia, Washington 98504-3173 (360) 956-2096 (via email to on the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Draft 5th Power Plan The Washington State Department

99

The Study of Relations Between Commercial Development and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commerce is an important part of national economy and it plays an influential role to national economic growth; our country (China) also pays more and more attention to commercial development, for example the commercial affairs department decided to start establishing works of the commercial network plans of cities in 2008. This article wants to explain the importance and present situation

Yi-Yi Jiang; Yu-Ying Sun; Di Li

2008-01-01

100

Metropolises and Russia's Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1991, when Russia opened again, the world became a global world, where the regions organised by metropolises turned into global economic players. According to the newest research, a metropolis is an urban centre of not less than a million of inhabitants, concentrating upper service and control functions, disseminating prosperity to its hinterland and acting as \\

P. Marchand; I. Samson

2004-01-01

101

Planning Learning: Developing Technology Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With increased support for educational standards, teachers need resources to help them engage in standards-based reform. The International Technology Education Association (ITEA) is publishing a series of addenda for this purpose. "Planning Learning: Developing Technology Curricula" offers teachers and other curriculum developers suggestions and…

International Technology Education Association (ITEA), 2005

2005-01-01

102

Hydropower planning in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1960's and 1970's saw the development in the U.S. and Europe of a number of useful mathematical planning tools for electric power systems. Utilization of these tools in practical application, however, appears more significant in some of the developing countries than in the industrialized countries where they originated. It is not uncommon to find electric power utilities in third

Ronald F. Kilmartin

1988-01-01

103

Engineers and economic development in Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the relationship between engineers and economic development in a less developed southern European country, Greece, where the post-war construction boom promoted the importance of the engineer. However, by the early 1980s, as a result of the decline in building activity, economic crises, and a lack of investment in technology, the fortunes of engineers reversed significantly. Data for the late

Harry A. Patrinos; Marie Lavoie

1995-01-01

104

The Center for Urban Entrepreneurship & Economic Development  

E-print Network

Entrepreneurship and Economic Development* (22:620:672) (3) Evaluation of New Ventures* (22:390:674) Social: Evaluation of Business Ventures and Urban Entrepreneurship & Economic Development are courses that can count of Strategic Transformation 22:620:606 Negotiations 22:620:617 Doing Business in China 22:553:671 Doing

105

Heterodoxy and the governance of economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

An emergent heterodox approach is challenging the prevailing orthodoxy of thinking, doing, and governing economic development, particularly at the subnational, regional, and local levels. Looking at underlying debates concerning institutionalism and a `new centrism', the author draws together the theoretical and conceptual threads of the heterodox agenda. Several critical issues are outlined: the historical evolution of economic development approaches; the

Andy Pike

2004-01-01

106

Adventuresports and Economic Development Team Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adventuresports Institute offers a two-year degree program at Garrett Community College (McHenry, Maryland) that combines courses in adventure sports with economics, marketing, environmental science, and events management. The goal is to develop an infrastructure for the adventure sport industry and promote economic development in Appalachia based…

Baldwin, Fred

1994-01-01

107

Tribal College Contributions to Local Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes some economic development efforts of the 32 tribal colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. Although the data needed for a comprehensive analysis of the economic impact of tribal colleges are not available, the report argues that the colleges affect local community development on many levels. Specific data…

Cunningham, Alisa Federico

108

Federalism and Russias economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The system of center\\/region separation of powers in Russia has not yet been completed and is still the object of lawmaking activity, political dialogue, legal debates and professional discussions. The recent changes in economic and other spheres create favorable conditions to use the benefits from federalism as a long-run factor and resource. At the same time, the dynamics of center\\/region

L. Polishchuk

2006-01-01

109

Central Energy Systems - Applications to Economic Development  

E-print Network

The City of San Antonio's Office of Public Utilities has developed an innovative process to assess predesign energy conservation strategies for new buildings. This assessment also provides direction for the community's overall economic development...

Myers, M. S.; Diserens, S. E.

1985-01-01

110

Taxation and economic development: the state of the economic literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

What conclusions, if any, can be drawn about the impact of state and local tax policy on economic development relative to other factors? What tax characteristics appear to be the most significant determinants? Are certain industries more sensitive to tax policy than others? Are business taxes more important than personal taxes? Paper: Michael Wasylenko

Michael J Wasylenko

1997-01-01

111

[Strategic planning: an important economic action for German hospitals].  

PubMed

In medical systems, economic issues and means of action are in the course of dwindling human (physicians and nurses) and financial resources are more important. For this reason, physicians must understand basic economic principles. Only in this way, there may be medical autonomy from social systems and hospital administrators. The current work is an approach to present a model for strategic planning of an anesthesia department. For this, a "strengths", "weaknesses", "opportunities", and "threats" (SWOT) analysis is used. This display is an example of an exemplary anaesthetic department. PMID:22161910

Wiese, Christoph H R; Zink, Wolfgang; Russo, Sebastian G

2011-11-01

112

ECONOMIC AND POPULATION FORECASTS FOR BASIN WATER PLANNING IN GEORGIA'S COASTAL REGION: METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The regional planning and management of water resources, whether by water shed or river basin, will require knowing the future demand for water at the sub-state level. This paper argues that population forecasts cannot be reliably developed at the regional level independent of economic,forecasts. Further this paper argues that planning and management,will also require a forecasting tool that can

Phyllis Isley

2003-01-01

113

Evolutionary Economic Theories of Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable development has become the dominant concept in the study of interactions between the economy and the biophysical environment, as well as a generally accepted goal of environmental policy. So far, economists have predominantly applied standard or neo-classical theory to environmental economic problems. In this article it will be argued that to fully understand a transformation of the economic system

Peter Mulder; Bergh van den J. C. J. M

2001-01-01

114

Corruption, Institutions and Economic Development  

E-print Network

and in developing the underlying theory (Dasgupta, 2001, chapter 9; Hamilton and Clemens, 1999). Loosely speaking, sustainable development is related to an economy?s ability to maintain living standards through time. More precisely, Arrow et al. (2004) suggest... capita ?a direct measure of sustainable development ?and corruption. While corruption may have little average e¤ect on the growth rate of GDP per capita, it is a likely source of unsustainable development. Key words: Corruption, Growth, Sustainable...

Aidt, Toke S

115

Plan for study of water and its relation to economic development in the Green River and Great Divide basins in Wyoming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of extensive coal, oil, gas, trona, and oil-shale resources as well as other developments in the Green River and Great Divide basins will require a projected increase in water consumption of 490,000 acre-ft (600 cu hm) per year by 2020. Developments of energy resources in other parts of Wyoming also will require large amounts of water; transbasin diversion of

H. W. Lowham; L. L. De Long; K. D. Peter; D. J. Wangsness; W. J. Head

1976-01-01

116

Resources, environment and economic development in Nigeria.  

PubMed

It is argued that Nigeria must focus on effective environmentally protective intensive farming, resource management methods, and strong family planning programs. Other contributory factors are recognized as the lack of democracy and the "ill-advised" internal policies of the government. The emphasis is on man-made decisions about migration, natality, and land use practices that have ecological consequences that significantly affect the economy. Land degradation in Nigeria is attributed to improper agricultural and husbandry practices. Land degradation has severe ecological, economic, and human costs. Awareness of environmental problems in Nigeria is growing. Natural disasters such as the droughts of 1984-85, continued soil depletion, accumulations of soil wastes, increased flooding in urban areas, and land erosion in Anambra state are evidence of the growing environmental problems. Agricultural development should involve changing rural land use practices, using technology that is "appropriate" to the climate, crops, and culture of the people, and introducing agroforestry. Population growth in Nigeria puts pressure on the fragile ecosystem. Actual carrying capacity is a rough calculation. Nigeria's population growth patterns follow a pattern that suggests population pressure on carrying capacity. The acceleration of population growth has strained the traditional system of agriculture. Land is overused, and cultivation continues on unsuitable land. Domestic policies during the oil boom encouraged rapid industrialization at the expense of the environment. Migration increased to urban centers, but cities did not provide suitable housing, waste disposal, safe water supplies, and other basic facilities. PMID:12347030

Okpala, A O

1995-06-01

117

Corruption, institutions, and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholarly articles on corruption give the impression that the world is populated by two types of people: the ‘sanders’ and the ‘greasers’. The ‘sanders’ believe that corruption is an obstacle to development, while the ‘greasers’ believe that corruption can (in some cases) foster development. This paper takes a critical look at these positions. It concludes that the evidence supporting

Toke S. Aidt

2009-01-01

118

Finance, institutions and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from 72 countries for the period 1978-2000, we find that financial development has larger effects on GDP per capita when the financial system is embedded within a sound institutional framework. Moreover, we find that financial development is most potent in middle-income countries, where its effects are particularly large when institutional quality is high. Importantly, we also find that

Panicos Demetriades; Siong Hook Law

2006-01-01

119

Strategies and Linkages: A Guide for Linking Vocational Education and Tribal Economic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a result of the project, Strategies for Linking Vocational Education Programs to Tribal Economic Plans, the guide contains information obtained from 20 tribes who are currently providing vocational education programs under the One Percent Set-Aside Federal Vocational Education funding, a program that provides the opportunity for…

Minhas, Jasjit; And Others

120

The War on Illegal Drug Production and Trafficking: An Economic Evaluation of Plan Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a thorough economic evaluation of the anti-drug policies implemented in Colombia between 2000 and 2006 under the so-called Plan Colombia. The paper develops a game theory model of the war against illegal drugs in producer countries. We explicitly model illegal drug markets, which allows us to account for the feedback effects between policies and market outcomes that

Daniel Mejía; Pascual Restrepo

2008-01-01

121

Three essays on development economics in China  

E-print Network

This dissertation is a collection of three independent essays in empirical development economics using data from China. In the first two chapters, I examine the determinants of choices within the household. In the first ...

Qian, Nancy

2005-01-01

122

Megacities : sustainability, transport, and economic development  

E-print Network

The connections between sustainability, transport, and economic development are and will remain essential in the governance of cities. Sustainability concepts include valuing and preserving the earth's resources so that ...

Tobias, Justin Charles, 1980-

2005-01-01

123

Is Your Community Ready for Economic Development?  

E-print Network

A critical step in initiating or facilitating an effective economic development project is to determine if the community is actually prepared to take on such a difficult task. This publication can help community leaders determine how "prepared a...

Saldana, Luis

2003-03-30

124

Essays in development economics and political economy  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on issues in economic development, with a focus ,on political economy and the labor market in India. Chapter 1] analyzes the effect of television coverage on political ...

Datta, Saugato

2007-01-01

125

The Influence of Education on Economic Development  

E-print Network

The purpose of this research is to measure the effect of education on economic development. Economists use education to explain growth unexplained by capital, and argue that it is a fundamental determinant of technological change. Sociologists have...

Garcia, Julia

2013-04-15

126

[Meal planning in the elderly: nutritional and economic aspects].  

PubMed

Malnutrition in elderly people is one of the major syndromes associated to greater prevalence of chronic diseases and increased morbidity, hospital staying, and mortality. On the other hand, malnutrition in the fourth world is associated to another important risk factor, which is the poor economic status. The aim of this study was to elaborate a balanced menu for the elderly adjusting its price to the mean expense that this population dedicates to its feeding needs. Taking into account the Household expense for 2010 of the National Institute of Statistics, we established that the average price for each menu ought to be less than 5.57 € per day. Two type menus were elaborated, both adapted to this population and to the Mediterranean diet. The economic assessment was 5.02 € and 5.06 €, respectively. Given the prevalence of malnutrition in this population, it is essential being able to appropriately plan their feeding needs, at both the nutritional and economic levels. PMID:23588465

San Mauro, I; Cendón, M; Soulas, C; Rodríguez, D

2012-01-01

127

Economic Development through Youth. A Program for Schools and Communities. Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to help teachers, businesses, Chambers of Commerce, and students start their own economic development activities and youth ventures. It describes a two-step plan to economic development through youth: development of an in-school student chamber of commerce program and development of a youth-owned venture. The first part of…

Nolen, Lori

128

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Winter 2014  

E-print Network

toward the problems of development in Asia--a continent that contains some of the fastest growing economies to which the US economy is increasingly connected. The course will give students a flavor to providing an integrated business education for ethical and socially responsible leadership. COURSE LEARNING

Carter, John

129

Child Labor and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper develops an overlapping generations model where the issue of child labor can be addressed in the short as well as in the long run. It also captures the transitional dynamics from the short to the long run. In this model parents are the decision-making unit and are altruistic towards their children. Since child labor is present only in

Ambar Ghosh; Chandana Ghosh

130

What economics courses are there? Economics and International Development  

E-print Network

(PPE) (p103) BSc Economics Economics and Management Studies Finance and Business (p46) Mathematics and economic problems. · We have strong links to the major national and international economic institutions research project supervised by a faculty member. Why economics? Addressing many of the world's problems

Sussex, University of

131

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica  

E-print Network

FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica: The Tico Tiger that hasn't..... Carnegie Endowment, MA, USA #12;FDI and Development in Costa Rica: The Power of Path Dependency and the Peril of Lack benefits #12;Costa Rica's (and LA's) Approach to Development: From ISI to Washington Consensus Trade

132

DWPF Development Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The DWPF Development Plan is based on an evaluation process flowsheet and related waste management systems. The scope is shown in Figure 1 entitled ``DWPF Process Development Systems.`` To identify the critical development efforts, each system has been analyzed to determine: The identification of unresolved technology issues. A technology issue (TI) is one that requires basic development to resolve a previously unknown process or equipment problem and is managed via the Technology Assurance Program co-chaired by DWPF and SRTC. Areas that require further work to sufficiently define the process basis or technical operating envelop for DWPF. This activity involves the application of sound engineering and development principles to define the scope of work required to complete the technical data. The identification of the level of effort and expertise required to provide process technical consultation during the start-up and demonstration of this first of a kind plant.

Holtzscheiter, E.W.

1994-05-09

133

Avionics test bed development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A development plan for a proposed avionics test bed facility for the early investigation and evaluation of new concepts for the control of large space structures, orbiter attached flex body experiments, and orbiter enhancements is presented. A distributed data processing facility that utilizes the current laboratory resources for the test bed development is outlined. Future studies required for implementation, the management system for project control, and the baseline system configuration are defined. A background analysis of the specific hardware system for the preliminary baseline avionics test bed system is included.

Harris, L. H.; Parks, J. M.; Murdock, C. R.

1981-01-01

134

Quantitative Aspects of Africa's Past Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comparative analysis of pre-modern economic condi- tions in sub-Saharan Africa. We find that large- and medium-sized cities, our proxy for pre-modern economic development, were less prevalent in Africa than in South and Central America, a comparable region. Empirical analyses of the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS), which includes 186 pre-industrial so- cieties around the world, confirm and

Javier A. Birchenall

135

11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries, Spring 2004  

E-print Network

Policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. Reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, ...

Davis, Jennifer

136

Credit Constraints, Entrepreneurial Talent, and Economic Development  

E-print Network

Credit Constraints, Entrepreneurial Talent, and Economic Development Milo Bianchiy Paris School an e¢ cient matching between entrepreneurial talent and production technologies. We ...rst explore the role of ...nancial development in promoting such e¢ cient allocation of talent, which results in higher

Boyer, Edmond

137

The software industry and India's economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses the contribution of software to India’s economic development, paying particular attention to the role of software in the absorption of labour and the development of human capital in the economy. The success of the software industry has increased the relative value of professional workers, not only programmers, but also managers and analysts. The growing importance of human

Ashish Arora; Suma Athreye

2002-01-01

138

A Gold Rush Theory of Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of social learning about the suitability of local conditions for new business ventures and explores its implications for the microeconomic patterns of economic development. I show that: i) firms tend to 'rush' into business ventures with which other firms have had surprising success thus causing development to be 'lumpy'; ii) sufficient business confidence is crucial

Ralph Ossa

2006-01-01

139

Economics and Human Resource Development: A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the areas agreement between two recent and seemingly disparate Human Resource Development Review articles by Wang and Swanson (2008) and McLean, Lynham, Azevedo, Lawrence, and Nafukho (2008). The foundational roles of economics in human resource development theory and practice are highlighted as well as the need for…

Wang, Greg G.; Swanson, Richard A.

2008-01-01

140

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous  

E-print Network

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist Papers Center for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 3 Trade is divided between commercialized sector which trades with foreign country and self-sufficient sector which

141

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203...Activities § 570.203 Special economic development activities. A recipient may use CDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

2010-04-01

142

24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003.203... § 1003.203 Special economic development activities. A grantee may use ICDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

2010-04-01

143

Oman: Economic, social and strategic developments  

SciTech Connect

Oman is an important country for the West, both as an oil exporter and as a key ally strategically placed at the entrance to the Arab Gulf. This book provides an overview of recent economic, social and political developments in Oman. It begins by outlining the historical and geographical background, emphasising in particular the problems of geography and tribalism and the impact of the war against Marxist insurgents in Dhofar. It considers economic developments, both in the oil and non-oil sectors, and Oman's contribution to economic co-operation and integration in the region. It examines strategic developments, particularly Oman's relations with the United States, addressing the key question of how close an alliance between Oman and the US is likely and showing how this is influenced by internal politics in Oman. It also explores educational and cultural issues.

Pridham, B.R.

1986-01-01

144

CARISPLAN Abstracts. 07-001--07-377. Caribbean Information System for Economic and Social Planning. No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quarterly abstracting journal disseminates bibliographic information on Caribbean planning and development literature available through the Caribbean Information System for Economic and Social Planning (CARISPLAN), a cooperative effort of the Caribbean countries. It provides annotated listings of serial publications, books, and other…

CARISPLAN Abstracts, 1983

1983-01-01

145

Growth through greening: developing and assessing alternative economic development programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper articulates how communities can capitalize on the specific benefits of urban forestry and assesses the outcomes of urban forestry efforts. To accomplish this, the paper defines the context of local economic development and urban forestry; outlines the economic, aesthetic, and ecological benefits of a smart-growth agenda that includes urban forestry; and presents two brief case studies that empirically

J. D. Gatrell; R. R. Jensen

2002-01-01

146

Three Essays on Economic Development in Africa  

E-print Network

to economic development in Africa. Climate change is examined in terms of its effects on the Egyptian agricultural sector; transmission of world price to small scale growers is examined in Uganda; and the benefits of insecticide-treated bed nets use...

Musumba, Mark

2012-10-19

147

Economic Development of British Colonial America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

Zabin, Serena

148

Engineering Research in Irish Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the main findings and recommendations of a report published in December 2010 by the Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE). The report, representing the views of a committee of distinguished Irish engineers from a wide range of disciplines, addresses the role of engineering research in Ireland's economic development and the…

Kelly, John

2011-01-01

149

Advanced Child Development. Vocational Home Economics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, developed for use in secondary vocational home economics education in Texas, is correlated closely with the essential elements prescribed by the State Board of Education. The competencies in each guide are the essential elements, and the subcompetencies are the subelements prescribed in the Texas Administrative Codes for…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

150

Planning Routes Across Economic Terrains: Maximizing Utility, Following Heuristics  

PubMed Central

We designed an economic task to investigate human planning of routes in landscapes where travel in different kinds of terrain incurs different costs. Participants moved their finger across a touch screen from a starting point to a destination. The screen was divided into distinct kinds of terrain and travel within each kind of terrain imposed a cost proportional to distance traveled. We varied costs and spatial configurations of terrains and participants received fixed bonuses minus the total cost of the routes they chose. We first compared performance to a model maximizing gain. All but one of 12 participants failed to adopt least-cost routes and their failure to do so reduced their winnings by about 30% (median value). We tested in detail whether participants’ choices of routes satisfied three necessary conditions (heuristics) for a route to maximize gain. We report failures of one heuristic for 7 out of 12 participants. Last of all, we modeled human performance with the assumption that participants assign subjective utilities to costs and maximize utility. For 7 out 12 participants, the fitted utility function was an accelerating power function of actual cost and for the remaining 5, a decelerating power function. We discuss connections between utility aggregation in route planning and decision under risk. Our task could be adapted to investigate human strategy and optimality of route planning in full-scale landscapes. PMID:21833269

Zhang, Hang; Maddula, Soumya V.; Maloney, Laurence T.

2010-01-01

151

Transfer Guide: Natural Resource Economics -1 -Revised: 1 September 2010 TRANSFER GUIDE AND PLANNING WORKSHEET  

E-print Network

AND PLANNING WORKSHEET Colorado Community Colleges Colorado State University Bachelor of Science Degree ­ Agricultural Economics natural resource economics concentration This planning worksheet represents a guide, the planning worksheet serves as a "60+60" transfer guide. Under Colorado policy, students who complete

152

Planning and management for health in periods of economic stringency and instability: a contingency approach.  

PubMed

The mid-1970s marked the end of the longest period of uninterrupted economic growth in history, and initiated in Europe--and other parts of the world--a period of economic stagnation and instability. Along with the prosperity explosion of the past, the pattern of health problems has changed and is still changing. Moreover, the demand for health care has kept on rising, without much improvement of health status in general. Thus, there is a critical need to rethink policies, and to ensure that future changes occur within the limits of shrinking resources and the allotted time-span. In particular, the change in priorities envisaged by the Health for All 2000 (HFA 2000) strategies will need to take place against the background of an ageing population, social instability, and continuing development of new lifestyles and persistent economic scarcity. It is by analysing that background that this article seeks to make recommendations as to how health planning and management might successfully cope with the policy reorientation of the HFA 2000 strategy. The structure of this article is as follows. Firstly, the changes taking place in planning conditions will be reviewed, and form the basis of a framework for subsequent analysis of the planning environment. Following this framework, some of the conflicts likely to be faced in planning and management will be discussed, many of which are the consequence of economic stringency and instability. Also the requirements for an improvement of the effectiveness and efficiency of planning will be identified. Finally, a limited number of approaches to planning will be considered, for their appropriateness to the present-day economic circumstances. The point of view elucidated throughout is that there is no single solution which is 'best' under all circumstances. The conclusion, rather, is that the selection of particular theory or method of planning and management should depend both on the objectives of the decision maker and on the determinants of the planning environment. General prescriptions should not be made. At the same time, some elements have to be stressed in all types of planning, namely: the orientation towards outcomes or outputs of problems; the attention to long-term strategic thinking; and, the application of more efficient, flexible and less bureaucratic approaches. PMID:10301136

van der Werff, A

1986-01-01

153

Global health funding and economic development.  

PubMed

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

Martin, Greg; Grant, Alexandra; D'Agostino, Mark

2012-01-01

154

Global health funding and economic development  

PubMed Central

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

2012-01-01

155

Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills. Final Performance Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Waubonsee Community College Comprehensive Development Plan in Office Skills served 208 students by assessment of basic skills and referral to appropriate programs or help with job skills and referral to employment during the 18-month grant period from December 1988 through June 30, 1990. The target population was minority women or economically

Waubonsee Community Coll., Sugar Grove, IL.

156

Issues in the Economic Development of Nonmetropolitan United States. Economic Development Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing issues relative to economic development in nonmetropolitan areas, this document presents narrative and tabular data re: (1) the causal forces behind economic decline in rural America (technology, shifting patterns of demand for goods and services, and changes in life styles and residential preferences); (2) the incidence and indicators…

Ledebur, Larry C.

157

The Impact of Vocational and Technical Education on Manpower and Economic Development. Economic Development Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planners, administrators, economists, and all others involved with human resources and economic development are cautioned to never underestimate the role that vocational education can play in attracting new and expanding industries. Industrial expansion means new capital investments, a vital factor to the future well being of economically

Tuttle, Francis T.; Alexander, Arch B.

158

Economic and Social Indicators of Rural Development From An Economic Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A framework for constructing a set of statistical economic and social indicators for rural development is discussed in this paper. Operational definitions are presented for economic development, economic growth, rural, and rural development. The framework for identifying economic and social indicators can be adapted to quantify most existing…

Edwards, Clark; Coltrane, Robert

159

Geothermal development plan: Graham/Greenlee Counties  

SciTech Connect

The Graham/Greenlee County Area Development Plan evaluated the region-wide market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified five potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 100{sup 0}C (212{sup 0}F). In addition, seven areas are inferred to contain higher temperature resources with the Clifton Hot Springs area having electrical potential. Geothermal resources are found to occur near Safford and Clifton, the two major population centers. Future population growth in the two counties is expected to average less than two percent per year over the next 40 years. Growth in the mining, trade and services economic sectors provide opportunities for the direct utilization of geothermal energy. A regional energy use analysis is included containing energy use and price projections. Water supplies are found to be adequate for urban needs, though agricultural and mineral water use may be limited in the future. The study also contains a preliminary economic analysis for two district heating systems as well as a section matching geothermal resources to potential users.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

160

Long Range Campus Development Plan The Planning Process  

E-print Network

the process of learning and discovery. A campus development plan provides planning principles and guidelines engaged campus constituents, the surrounding community and statewide constituent groups in a participatory, is a culmination of two years of those participatory efforts. It represents an important shift toward comprehensive

Maxwell, Bruce D.

161

mental planning; (5) environmental economics; (6) ecological anthropology; and (7) environmen-  

E-print Network

329 mental planning; (5) environmental economics; (6) ecological anthropology; and (7) environmen approved for environmental studies specializations are drawn from the offerings of anthropology, biological

Suzuki, Masatsugu

162

Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China  

E-print Network

Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China Sylvie Démurger, Jeffrey D. Sachs Development Working Papers #12;Forthcoming in Asian Economic Papers Vol. 1 No. 1 Geography, Economic Policy;1 October 14, 2001 Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China Sylvie Démurger, Jeffrey D

163

Economic Development for Small Communities and Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to provide an introductory understanding of challenges, goals, processes, and procedures for economic developers, particularly economic development volunteers, in rural areas and small towns. Chapter 1 defines economic development and basic terms. Chapter 2 describes major economic, social, and demographic trends that…

Phillips, Phillip D.

164

Economic Aspects of Sanitation in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

Background: Improved sanitation has been shown to have great impacts on people’s health and economy. However, the progress of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on halving the proportion of people without access to clean water and basic sanitation by 2015 has thus far been delayed. One of the reasons for the slow progress is that policy makers, as well as the general public, have not fully understood the importance of the improved sanitation solutions. This paper, by gathering relevant research findings, aims to report and discuss currently available evidence on the economic aspects of sanitation, including the economic impacts of unimproved sanitation and the costs and economic benefits of some common improved sanitation options in developing countries. Methods: Data used in this paper were obtained from different information sources: international and national journal articles and reports, web-based statistics, and fact sheets. We used both online search and hand search methods to gather the information. Results: Scientific evidence has demonstrated that the economic cost associated with poor sanitation is substantial. At the global level, failure to meet the MDG water and sanitation target would have ramifications in the area of US$38 billion, and sanitation accounts for 92% of this amount. In developing countries, the spending required to provide new coverage to meet the MDG sanitation target (not including program costs) is US$142 billion (US$ year 2005). This translates to a per capita spending of US$28 for sanitation. Annually, this translates to roughly US$14 million. The evidence complied in this paper demonstrates that investing in sanitation is socially and economically worthwhile. For every US$1 invested, achieving the sanitation MDG target and universal sanitation access in the non-OECD countries would result in a global return of US$9.1 and US$11.2, respectively. Conclusion: Given the current state of knowledge, sanitation is undeniably a profitable investment. It is clear that achieving the MDG sanitation target not only saves lives but also provides a foundation for economic growth. PMID:22084575

Van Minh, Hoang; Nguyen-Viet, Hung

2011-01-01

165

Locate, Plan, Develop, Use An Outdoor Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to aid educational institutions and community organizations in selecting, planning, developing and using outdoor learning areas as outdoor classrooms, this guide includes: (1) Learning by Discovery (scientific, cultural, and recreational goals); (2) The Initial Planning Effort (use of: a planning committee including teachers,…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Upper Darby, PA.

166

Developing a Spending/Savings Plan  

E-print Network

identify the issue at hand. Recognize that whoever earns the money doesn't also earn the right to dictateDeveloping a Spending/Savings Plan A spending/savings plan helps you manage your money more effectively. A realistic plan tailored to your situation gives you more control over how money is spent

New Hampshire, University of

167

Academic Development Plan, 1997-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Strategic Plan and Academic Development Plan for Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) (Hawaii). In addition to its liberal arts transfer mission, KCC offers the state's only programs in Health Sciences and Legal Education and the only community college nursing programs on Oahu. The goals in the Strategic Plan document…

Abou-Sayf, Frank, K.; Pagotto, Louise; Wehrman, Steve

168

The Diverse Social and Economic Structure of Nonmetropolitan America. Rural Development Research Report No. 49.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective rural development planning depends on facts and analysis based, not on rural averages, but on the diverse social and economic structure of rural America. Programs tailored to particular types of rural economies may be more effective than generalized programs. Because of their unique characteristics, government policies and economic

Bender, Lloyd D.; And Others

169

California Community College Home Economics Program Plan, 1992. Including: Directory of Professional and Trade Organizations and Directory of Home Economics and Related Program Areas and Instructional Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist local colleges/districts in assessing their existing home economics program, and in developing curricula that respond to the changing needs of students, communities, and the workforce, this plan presents the program guidelines of the California Community Colleges (CCCs). Introductory material describes the history of the program…

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

170

Economic Development in American Indian Reservations. Development Series No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of 13 scholarly articles and essays, this book makes available hard-to-find information and theories about American Indian economic development. Part I, "The Land and the People", emphasizes cultural traditions and beliefs of Indian people and traces the development of the concept of sovereignty and its applicability to Indian self…

Ortiz, Roxanne Dunbar, Ed.

171

Linking Planning System Between Spatial Development Plan And Environment Plan Toward Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The core change of spatial development planning in 1993 was to introduce the quasi-agricultural zone by use zoning in order\\u000a to ease the land use regulation (Choi 2001). Designation of quasi-agricultural zone considers development as well as reservation\\u000a at the same time, but it enables to secure the use that the development is available at any time. For the past

Yeong-Kook Choi

172

YOUNG ENTREPRENEUR PROGRAM The Indiana Economic Development Corporation (IEDC) is promoting  

E-print Network

YOUNG ENTREPRENEUR PROGRAM The Indiana Economic Development Corporation (IEDC) is promoting a program established by HEA 1251 to assist Young Entrepreneurs to make their business plans become to the Young Entrepreneurs with the best business plans. These incentives can include and are not limited to

173

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

174

Public-Sector Loans to Private-Sector Businesses: An Assessment of HUD-Supported Local Economic Development Lending Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report assesses the performance of the third party loans under principal programs that the Office of Community Planning and Development (CPD) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) directs toward economic development: the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program; the Section 108 Program; and the Economic Development Initiative (EDI). The research describes the CDBG, Section 108, and

Christopher Walker; Martin D. Abravanel; Patrick Boxall; Roger C. Kormendi; Kenneth Temkin; Marsha Tonkovich

2003-01-01

175

Development of an Economic Dashboard for the Flint Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project constructed an economic dashboard for Genesee County (Flint, Michigan) that identified, monitored, ranked, and compared key regional factors to other metro areas. The resulting dashboard enables economic development organizations and stakeholders in Genesee County to better focus their efforts by identifying the regional factors most associated with economic growth. Secondly, the dashboard allows economic development stakeholders to compare

Erickcek George A

2007-01-01

176

Minority Business Development and Economic Development Policy in New York. Implications for Black Entrepreneurs and Communities. Report of the Subcommittee on Economic Development. Volume 5, Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York State should develop a comprehensive justification for its involvement in minority business development and each State program should be closely associated with that rationale. Minority business development programs are often short-sighted, potentially conflicting, and yield unimpressive results. Development of Economic Development Zones…

New York Governor's Advisory Committee for Black Affairs, Albany.

177

A bilevel programming approach for power system operation planning considering voltage stability and economic dispatch  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model for power systems operation planning that aims to maximizing the voltage stability margin and also the economic dispatch, formulated as a bilevel programming problem (BPP). The objective is to obtain a solution for the network operation planning that takes into account both technical and economical aspects. The bilevel model allows system operators to define different

D. A. Arias; A. A. Mota; L. T. M. Mota; C. A. Castro

2008-01-01

178

Transfer Guide: Agricultural Economics -1 -Revised1 September 2010 TRANSFER GUIDE AND PLANNING WORKSHEET  

E-print Network

WORKSHEET Colorado Community Colleges Colorado State University Bachelor of Science Degree ­ Agricultural Economics agricultural economics concentration This planning worksheet represents a guide for community beyond the 60 credits required to complete the Associate degree. In this role, the planning worksheet

179

Geothermal : Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Skamania County, Washington.  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the local economic impacts that could be anticipated from the development of a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power plant in eastern Skamania County, Washington, near Mt. Adams, as shown in Figure 1. The study was commissioned by the Bonneville Power Administration to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council. Skamania County was chosen due to both identified geothermal resources and developer interest. The analysis will focus on two phases: a plant construction phase, including well field development, generating plant construction, and transmission line construction; and an operations phase. Economic impacts will occur to the extent that construction and operations affect the local economy. These impacts will depend on the existing structure of the Skamania County economy and estimates of revenues that may accrue to the county as a result of plant construction, operation, and maintenance. Specific impacts may include additional direct employment at the plant, secondary impacts from wage payments being used to purchase locally produced goods and services, and impacts due to expenditures of royalty and tax payments received by the county. The basis for the analysis of economic impacts in this study is the US Forest Service IMPLAN input-output modeling system.

Lesser, Jonathan A.

1992-07-01

180

Economic Development, Education and Transnational Corporations. Routledge Studies in Development Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the questions of: why do some economically disadvantaged nations develop significantly faster than others, and what roles do their educational systems play? As case illustrations, in the early 1960s Mexico and South Korea were both equally underdeveloped agrarian societies. Since that time, the development strategies pursued…

Hanson, Mark

2011-01-01

181

Napa County Conservation,Napa County Conservation, Development & PlanningDevelopment & Planning  

E-print Network

Napa County Conservation,Napa County Conservation, Development & PlanningDevelopment & Planning DepartmentDepartment Watershed Information Center (WICC)Watershed Information Center (WICC) & Conservancy Board& Conservancy Board of Napa Countyof Napa County www.napawatersheds.org Watershed Information

182

RESEARCHER DEVELOPMENT POSITION DOCUMENT AND PLAN  

E-print Network

Achievement of Silver Awards for disciplines in College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical SciencesRESEARCHER DEVELOPMENT POSITION DOCUMENT AND PLAN (2012- 2015) #12;Key Priorities: Summary of the key priorities realted to the Researcher Development Plan and position document (2012

Bearhop, Stuart

183

City Development Plan, Karjat Water Supply  

E-print Network

City Development Plan, Karjat Water Supply And Sanitation Narendra Shah (07004022) Under Dissertation Approval Sheet This report title, "City Development Plan, Water Supply and Sanitaion, Karjat the problems of infrastructure, particularly in the areas of water supply and sanitation. The problems range

Sohoni, Milind

184

Long Range Campus Development Plan Introduction  

E-print Network

Long Range Campus Development Plan Introduction Origins and History 11 Origins and History VisionIty Long Range Campus Development Plan2 Origins and History continued Turn of the Century � 1900 to 1920's Basketball team, 1903, MAC-Montana Agricultural College. Football team, 1897. 1890 1900 Montana State

Maxwell, Bruce D.

185

International Home Economics, Conference on World-Wide Development of Home Economics in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report was comprised of 22 papers presented by US and foreign home economists at a conference held in July 1965 at Iowa State University. The meeting was planned to serve the interests of those who train foreign students in US universities and those who plan to work in home economics programs abroad. The international aspects and priorities of…

National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

186

Nascom System Development Plan: System Description, Capabilities and Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Communications (Nascom) System Development Plan (NSDP), reissued annually, describes the organization of Nascom, how it obtains communication services, its current systems, its relationship with other NASA centers and International Partner Agencies, some major spaceflight projects which generate significant operational communication support requirements, and major Nascom projects in various stages of development or implementation.

1995-01-01

187

Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, the future of Minnesota's economy has been called into question. The resulting debate illustrates how little is understood about the fundamentals that underlie economic development. While many recognize the success of the Minnesota economy in the past, they see a weakening in the foundations of that success. Some point to the decline in corporate headquarters

Art Rolnick; Rob Grunewald

188

South Africa's Economic Development Trajectory: Implications for Skills Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that skills development in South Africa must be aligned to the economic and political imperatives of reducing unemployment and poverty, while fostering growth and international competitiveness. The legacy of a resource-based economy, overlaid by apartheid policies, has resulted in widespread poverty, inequality and unemployment…

Mayer, Marina J.; Altman, Miriam

2005-01-01

189

42 CFR 417.920 - Planning and initial development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Planning and initial development...PROGRAM HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE MEDICAL PLANS...Guarantees § 417.920 Planning and initial development...were awarded for projects for planning and initial development...

2010-10-01

190

Conservation Resource Advisory Role in Council Plan DevelopmentRole in Council Plan Development  

E-print Network

Conservation Resource Advisory Committee Role in Council Plan DevelopmentRole in Council Plan on conservation resource potential and deployment § Work Plan Focused in Policy Issues slide 2 ­ Not a decision Work Plan Elements § Conservation Resource Assessment ­ Cost-Effectiveness Methodology ­ Achievable

191

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires  

E-print Network

and climate change will see an increase in these catastrophic fire danger days. Estimating the economic Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: Climate Change and Wildfires, November 5-11; Mexico City with complex uncertainties inherent in extremes is a key challenge for climate change adaptation economics

Standiford, Richard B.

192

13 CFR 108.120 - Economic development primary mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Organizing A Nmvc Company § 108.120 Economic development primary mission. The primary mission of a NMVC Company must be economic development of one or more LI...

2010-01-01

193

32 CFR 174.10 - Consideration for economic development conveyances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Consideration for economic development conveyances. 174.10 Section 174.10 National... Real Property § 174.10 Consideration for economic development conveyances. (a) For conveyances...

2010-07-01

194

Wind Power Development Economics and Policies  

E-print Network

This study reviews the prospects of wind power at the global level. Existing studies indicate that the earth’s wind energy supply potential significantly exceeds global energy demand. Yet, only 1 percent of the global electricity demand is currently derived from wind power despite 40 percent annual growth in wind generating capacity over the past 25 years. More than 98 percent of total current wind power capacity is installed in the developed countries plus China and India. It has been estimated that wind power could supply 7 to 34 percent of global electricity needs by 2050. However, wind power faces a large number of technical, economic, financial, institutional, market, and other barriers. To overcome these barriers, many countries have employed various policy instruments, including capital subsidies, tax incentives, tradable energy certificates, feed-in tariffs, grid access guarantees and mandatory standards. Besides these policies, climate change mitigation initiatives resulting from the Kyoto Protocol (e.g., CO 2-emission reduction targets in developed countries and the Clean Development Mechanism in developing countries) have played a significant role in promoting wind power. This paper—a product of the Environment and Energy Team, Development Research Group—is part of a larger effort in

G. Cornelis Van Kooten; Govinda R. Timilsina

195

Telecommunications infrastructure and economic growth: Evidence from developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Often, it has been observed that telecommunication infrastructure development and economic growth proceed together. While this relationship has been studied in the context of developed (OECD) countries, in this study, we investigate this simultaneous relationship between telecommunications and the economic growth, using data for developing countries. Using 3SLS, we estimate a system of equations that endogenize economic growth and telecom

Kala Seetharam Sridhar; Varadharajan Sridhar

2004-01-01

196

Theories of economic development in the Scottish enlightenment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to consider why Scottish Enlightenment thought should have generated a particular theory of economic development. Ideas about economic development in the Scottish Enlightenment period involve a certain circularity. One of the key arguments was that economic development encourages creativity and ideas, which promote productivity growth. The Enlightenment itself, as a set of ideas, can

Alexander Dow; Sheila Dow

2009-01-01

197

Industry Clusters An Economic Development Strategy for Minnesota  

E-print Network

a unified approach to economic development problems. Today we know that the health of MinnesotaIndustry Clusters An Economic Development Strategy for Minnesota Preliminary Report January 1999 CLUSTER STRATEGY BENEFITS TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BENEFITS TO THE PUBLIC SECTOR BENEFITS TO ESTABLISHED

Levinson, David M.

198

West Central Indiana Economic Development District Merv Nolot, Executive Director  

E-print Network

West Central Indiana Economic Development District Merv Nolot, Executive Director 1718 Wabash@westcentralin.com http://www.westcentralin.com/ The West Central Indiana Economic Development District (WCIEDD) is a six- county region in west central Indiana working to stimulate economic and community development through

199

DSM as an economic development strategy  

SciTech Connect

Models capable of reflecting price adjustments and capital flows can estimate the longer-term impacts of energy choices on the net gain and distribution of employment. But without a common basis in the types of models used, research on the employment effects of energy efficiency cannot be integrated in a way that is useful. A sluggish economic recovery, lagging consumer confidence and concerns about the U.S.`s international competitiveness have pushed the jobs issue to the forefront of almost all economic policies. Energy efficiency and demand-side management (DSM) advocates are actively raising the issue in energy policy and regulatory forums around the country. Recent policy level discussions within the Department of Energy have strengthened this momentum. At the heart of the DOE work is an emphasis on the use of `Quality Metrics` to guide the development of its programs and budgets. Employment and income benefits are part of this new calculus. Several new studies have elevated this issue to new levels of policy consideration. Even municipal utilities have begun to explore this issue, with the release of a software package called the OPTIONS model. But with all this activity a good deal of confusion remains about how to understand the job creation process. To help clear some of the confusion, this article explains the basic tools used to measure employment gains or losses. It also reviews some of the basic lessons learned in the application of these tools.

Laitner, S.; Goodman, I.; Krier, B.

1994-05-01

200

Development and flooding : hurricane Floyd: lesson plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will take their knowledge about the hydrosphere and apply it to the issue of population growth and development. In particular, students will learn how increasing development in eastern North Carolina may have worsened the effects of flooding from Hurricane Floyd, due to lack of soil and tree absorption of run-off. Students will create their own development plans for North Carolina in small groups, explaining how their plan will benefit North Carolina s water resources and environment.

Dayna Durbin, Jenny McCraw, Kristin Post, Lisa Norberg , Kim Vassiliadis, Cheryl Mason Bolick

2007-12-12

201

Africa Recovery: Tracking the Continent's Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library and Publications Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information has recently begun providing major excerpts of its quarterly periodical Africa Recovery via the web. The publication tracks economic and social development issues in Africa. The latest issue (July 1997) contains articles on Congolese reconstruction, the 33rd Summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the recent G-7 Summit, and the recent Africa Governance Forum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (UN Special Initiative). Articles are mostly concise news summaries. There are also sections on upcoming and recent conferences and pertinent books, as well as the features Africa in Brief and Under the Baobob Tree, which highlights a single African issue.

1997-01-01

202

Physics And Its Roles In Economic Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics plays a variety of roles in economic development. These are explored and ways of increasing the importance of physics to world economies are discussed. Surveys by the Institute of Physics have shown that over 40% of employment in manufacturing in the UK is based on physics, and that this sector continues to expand. Physics provides techniques and equipment for advances in the life sciences. An education in physics gives an ability to tackle a diverse range of subjects from first principles and to find innovative solutions to problems where conventional approaches fail. Physicists in many countries readily find employment in a wide range of areas. However, because of the range of opportunities available, there is a reluctance of physics graduates to enter teaching and prepare the next generation of physicists. Sharing experience between countries is vital. The World Year of Physics has played an important role in this.

Melville, Peter

2007-04-01

203

Cost-effective conservation planning: lessons from economics.  

PubMed

Economists advocate that the billions of public dollars spent on conservation be allocated to achieve the largest possible social benefit. This is "cost-effective conservation"-a process that incorporates both monetized benefits and costs. Though controversial, cost-effective conservation is poorly understood and rarely implemented by planners. Drawing from the largest publicly financed conservation programs in the United States, this paper seeks to improve the communication from economists to planners and to overcome resistance to cost-effective conservation. Fifteen practical lessons are distilled, including the negative implications of limiting selection with political constraints, using nonmonetized benefit measures or benefit indices, ignoring development risk, using incomplete cost measures, employing cost measures sequentially, and using benefit indices to capture costs. The paper highlights interrelationships between benefits and complications such as capitalization and intertemporal planning. The paper concludes by identifying the challenges at the research frontier, including incentive problems associated with adverse selection, additionality, and slippage. PMID:23660533

Duke, Joshua M; Dundas, Steven J; Messer, Kent D

2013-08-15

204

Challenge to ICT manpower planning under the economic restructuring: Empirical evidence from MNCs in Singapore and Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study evaluates the issues related to the manpower planning for developing the information, communication and technology (ICT) industry under the economic restructuring in Singapore and Taiwan. Using data collected from 211 multinational companies (MNCs) operating in these two countries, we measured recruitment difficulty and attrition rate experienced by MNCs, and evaluate the extent of ICT skill shortages among the

Connie Zheng; Mei-Chih Hu

2008-01-01

205

Socio-economic benefits in Plan Vivo projects: Trees for Global Benefits, Uganda 50 Appendix 6.6  

E-print Network

Socio-economic benefits in Plan Vivo projects: Trees for Global Benefits, Uganda 50 Appendix 6.6 Socio-economic benefits in Plan Vivo projects: A complete manual for a project assessment 1. Survey .........................................................................................................................59 10. Analysis

206

Planetizen: The Planning and Development Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few decades, many ideas in the field of planning have become almost buzz-words in the popular press, including Sustainable Developmentâ and New Urbanism. With the increased interest in planning, PLANetizen was created three years ago as "a public-interest information exchange for the urban planning and development community." The site features a host of frequently updated links to recent news stories that address one of the facets of planning (such as gentrification), job opportunities, commentary, and conference announcements. Guests to the site may also elect to sign up for their electronic newsletter, and may even choose to have it delivered to any number of handheld devices, including Windows CE or Palm. The site also includes a list of the 20 "all-time greatest planning titles," which includes such familiar selections as "Good City Form" by Kevin Lynch and "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson.

207

Individualized Development Plan for Female Electronic Technicians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Los Alamos National Laboratory, 17 female electronic technicians participated in an individual development plan involving mentoring, basic education, and technical training. Four have been promoted, six are pursuing associate or bachelor's degrees, and two are pursuing certification. (SK)

Whyte, Helena; D'Anna, Lee

1991-01-01

208

Idaho National Engineering Laboratory site development plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan briefly describes the 20-year outlook for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Missions, workloads, worker populations, facilities, land, and other resources necessary to fulfill the 20-year site development vision for the INEL are addressed. In addition, the plan examines factors that could enhance or deter new or expanded missions at the INEL. And finally, the plan discusses specific site development issues facing the INEL, possible solutions, resources required to resolve these issues, and the anticipated impacts if these issues remain unresolved.

Not Available

1994-09-01

209

11.437 Financing Economic Development, Fall 2003  

E-print Network

Focuses on financing tools and program models to support local economic development. Includes an overview of private capital markets and financing sources to understand capital market imperfections that constrain economic ...

Seidman, Karl F.

210

[Economics] Introductory Lesson (Begin Day One). Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory lesson on teaching economics concepts contains sections on the following: purpose; objectives; time; materials needed; and step-by-step classroom procedures. The focus is on the economic problem of scarcity and opportunity costs. Attached is an original skit, "There's no such thing as a free lunch," and a chart that outlines some…

Lewin, Roland

211

Energy planning for development: Needs and approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capability of developing countries to carry out comprehensive national energy planning is examined. The analytical methods or models constructed for analyzing the energy system have to take into account the specific context in which they are built to address issues of interest to development planners. Issues discussed are resource development and technology research, energy equity considerations to all peoples

V. Mubayi

1981-01-01

212

Behavioral economics perspectives on public sector pension plans.  

PubMed

We describe the pension plan features of the states and the largest cities and counties in the U.S. Unlike in the private sector, defined benefit (DB) pensions are still the norm in the public sector. However, a few jurisdictions have shifted toward defined contribution (DC) plans as their primary savings plan, and fiscal pressures are likely to generate more movement in this direction. Holding fixed a public employee's work and salary history, we show that DB retirement income replacement ratios vary greatly across jurisdictions. This creates large variation in workers' need to save for retirement in other accounts. There is also substantial heterogeneity across jurisdictions in the savings generated in primary DC plans because of differences in the level of mandatory employer and employee contributions. One notable difference between public and private sector DC plans is that public sector primary DC plans are characterized by required employee or employer contributions (or both), whereas private sector plans largely feature voluntary employee contributions that are supplemented by an employer match. We conclude by applying lessons from savings behavior in private sector savings plans to the design of public sector plans. PMID:21789032

Beshears, John; Choi, James J; Laibson, David; Madrian, Brigitte C

2011-04-01

213

Econometric Analysis Economic Growth and Development  

E-print Network

Marketing Marketing Management Social Media Technology Strategies of Multinational Corporations PARTNERS INCLUDE: The New England Economic Partnership (NEEP) is a member-supported, nonprofit and Regional Economic Studies at Bryant University has been an integral part of moving forward the debate about

Blais, Brian

214

Urban design and local economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the enhancement of architectural quality has traditionally been considered by planners as an apolitical issue, a number of urban governments and political elites are beginning to acknowledge the link between urban design and broader economic policies. Birmingham is a case study of a local authority that has explicitly recognized that improved urban design can contribute to local economic regeneration.

Phil Hubbard

1995-01-01

215

Women and Economic Development in Cameroon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a survey of written sources and perspectives of knowledgeable individuals, the report provides information on women's economic roles in Cameroon, and on aspects of social life which effect their economic performance. A description of the importance of traditional social systems and their evolution over the last 30 years follows a brief…

Bryson, Judy C.

216

Africa's Past Economic Development and its Determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the colonial era to the present, economic progress in sub-Saharan Africa has been slow. This paper argues that Africa's stagnation started be- fore the European expansion and that modern influences are not able to fully account for Africa's growth tragedy. The paper uses measures of urbanization to proxy for economic progress in pre-modern times and shows that before the

Javier A. Birchenall

217

Economic development via the Net in Oceania  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is permeating our lives because of its power. This brings obvious social and economic value. Less obvious are the social and economic hurts. The Net's reach is global, but Net access is far from global; and as the IT caravan rolls on, stragglers slip further behind. However, the Net is a cheap power just made for isolated people,

218

Economic development via the net in Oceania  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is permeating our lives because of its power. This brings obvious social and economic value. Less obvious are the social and economic hurts.The Net's reach is global, but Net access is far from global; and as the IT caravan rolls on, stragglers slip further behind. However, the Net is a cheap power just made for isolated people, and

Stanley W. Johnston; Gerald A. Acquaah-gaisie

2000-01-01

219

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models are user-friendly  

E-print Network

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI America program to model wind energy jobs and impacts, JEDI has been expanded to biofuels, concentrating from industry norms), JEDI estimates the number of jobs and economic impacts to a local area (usually

220

Energy planning for development - needs and approaches  

SciTech Connect

The capability of developing countries to carry out comprehensive national energy planning is examined. The analytical methods or models constructed for analyzing the energy system have to take into account the specific context in which they are built to address issues of interest to development planners. Issues discussed are resource development and technology research, energy equity considerations to all peoples in a nation, the pricing policy, and the balance of payments considerations. The impartance of the availability of adequate skilled personnel and training programs to impart the requisite skill necessary to carry out the planning is discussed. Various surveys were conducted to determine the training needs for energy planners in developing countries. (MCW)

Mubayi, V

1981-01-01

221

Participation of Culturally, Linguistically and Economically Diverse Parents in the Special Education Planning Process  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Although federal law governing the education of students with disabilities recognizes the important role parents play in the special education planning process, there is considerable evidence that culturally, linguistically and economically...

Klein, Janet

2009-12-17

222

Geography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in ChinaGeography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in China Geography, Economic Policy, and  

E-print Network

Geography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in ChinaGeography, Economic Policy,and Regional Development in China Geography, Economic Policy, and Regional Development in China* Sylvie Démurger Jeffrey D the location dummies in provincial growth regressions to obtain estimates of the effects of geography

223

Contributions of Cell Phones to Economic Development in  

E-print Network

to impact corn growers cell phone usage · RH 2: Agricultural information carried on cell phone is moreContributions of Cell Phones to Economic Development in Africa: An Information Study of Corn development in developing countries #12;Motivation/Development · According to cell phones enhance economic

Anderson, Richard

224

Solid waste management complex site development plan  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of this Solid Waste Management Complex Site Development Plan is to optimize the location of future solid waste treatment and storage facilities and the infrastructure required to support them. An overall site plan is recommended. Further, a series of layouts are included that depict site conditions as facilities are constructed at the SWMC site. In this respect the report serves not only as the siting basis for future projects, but provides siting guidance for Project W-112, as well. The plan is intended to function as a template for expected growth of the site over the next 30 years so that future facilities and infrastructure will be properly integrated.

Greager, T.M.

1994-09-30

225

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN ECONOMICS (Suggested 4 Year Plan)  

E-print Network

exactly as written. Be sure to check the Academic Catalog for pre-requisites. Make sure to discuss grade Per Academic Year 31 FOURTH YEAR, 1ST TERM CREDITS FOURTH YEAR, 2ND TERM CREDITS Sectoral Economics

Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

226

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through their own resources...or the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and management assistance...

2010-01-01

227

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through their own resources...or the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and management assistance...

2011-01-01

228

Landscape and Urban Planning 78 (2006) 229240 The economics of native plants in residential landscape designs  

E-print Network

Landscape and Urban Planning 78 (2006) 229­240 The economics of native plants in residential. These results should encourage homeowners, landscape designers, and the landscape plant industry to work. Keywords: Ecological design; Landscape architecture; Native plants; Economics; Contingent choice 1

Nassauer, Joan Iverson

229

Balancing economic development with environmental protection in developing and lesser developed countries  

SciTech Connect

Recent experience suggests that poverty and environmental degradation go hand in hand. Economic development, on the other hand, provides the financial and technical resources needed for the protection of human health and natural ecosystems. Balancing economic development and environmental protection in developing countries requires a refocusing of economic activity -- not towards producing less, but producing differently. Strategies for the integration of economic development and environmental protection are outlined here, as is the proposed role that will need to be played by the World Bank. 4 refs., 3 figs.

El-Ashry, M.T. (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01

230

Cultural diversity, economic development and societal instability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Background. Social scientists have suggested that cultural diversity in a nation leads to societal instability. However, societal instability may be affected not only by within-nation on ?? diversity, but also diversity between a nation and its neighbours or ?? diversity. It is also necessary to distinguish different domains of diversity, namely linguistic, ethnic and religious, and to distinguish between the direct effects of diversity on societal instability, and effects that are mediated by economic conditions. Methodology/Principal Findings. We assembled a large cross-national dataset with information on ?? and ?? cultural diversity, economic conditions, and indices of societal instability. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of cultural diversity on economics and societal stability. Results show that different type and domains of diversity have interacting effects. As previously documented, linguistic ?? diversity has a negative effect on economic performance, and we show that it is largely through this economic mechanism that it affects societal instability. For ?? diversity, the higher the linguistic diversity among nations in a region, the less stable the nation. But, religious ?? diversity has the opposite effect, reducing instability, particularly in the presence of high linguistic diversity. Conclusions. Within-nation linguistic diversity is associated with reduced economic performance, which, in turn, increases societal instability. Nations which differ linguistically from their neighbors are also less stable. However, religious diversity between, neighboring nations has the opposite effect, decreasing societal instability.

Nettle, D.; Grace, J.B.; Choisy, M.; Cornell, H.V.; Guegan, J.-F.; Hochberg, M.E.

2007-01-01

231

Planning and Development of a Conservation Facility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the current literature on the preservation of library materials and develops an overview of the state-of-the-art for conservation programs. The 13 references provided are concerned with the preservation of book materials, the design of processes and facilities to prevent or retard deterioration, development of disaster planning,…

Coley, Betty A.

232

University of Pennsylvania Campus Development Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on enrollment, building area and parking area projections, the development plan describes very briefly these areas of development: parking and housing, administration, athletics, academic departments, libraries, museums, related community and commercial services, transportation, land acquisition, and the neighborhood. Very detailed sketches…

Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia. Univ. Planning Office.

233

HIV, AIDS and Integrated Development Planning  

E-print Network

HIV, AIDS and Integrated Development Planning: A Reality Check December 2004 Cécile Ambert HIV the scene: HIV and AIDS impacts on local development 12 2.4. HIV and AIDS impact on the municipality .....................................................................................................................34 3.1. Nature and extent of coverage of HIV and AIDS impacts in situation analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

Highway Investment and Rural Economic Development: An Annotated Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Dennis M. Brown, Food and Rural Economics Division, US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA ERS) (described in the July 2, 1999 Scout Report for Business & Economics), this annotated bibliography summarizes studies on the rural economic development implications of highway investment. The bibliography includes some urban studies in addition to rural and covers the effects of highway investment on different industries, local and regional spatial effects, and highway effects over time, among other issues.

Brown, Dennis M.

1999-01-01

235

11.202 Gateway: Planning Economics, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

Introduces applications of microeconomic theory to planning problems including urban form and structure, environmental controls, zoning and property rights, and income inequality and poverty. From the course home page: ...

Levy, Frank, 1941-

236

Daily economical operation planning for a multi-area system with pump storage plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new approach based on mixed-integer programming is proposed for daily economical operation planning problem for a multi-area system with hydro-thermal plants and a pump storage plant. All generator units can be coordinately and economically operated in order to gain the most economical effects of the whole power network. The calculation results also show that the approach proposed can successfully

Mingtian Fan; Zuping Zhang; Yingshan Liu; Yuhua Ma; Hai Liang; Jianjun Hu

1998-01-01

237

24 CFR 570.209 - Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for evaluating and selecting economic development projects. 570.209 ...evaluating and selecting economic development projects. The following...activities to be carried out for economic development purposes....

2010-04-01

238

78 FR 68025 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of...

2013-11-13

239

77 FR 64794 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of...

2012-10-23

240

75 FR 63813 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of...

2010-10-18

241

76 FR 64072 - Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Membership of the Economic Development Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: Economic Development Administration, Department of...

2011-10-17

242

77 FR 6517 - Economic Development Administration Regulatory Revision; Comment Period Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration 13 CFR Parts...120202093-2093-01] Economic Development Administration Regulatory...Period Extension AGENCY: Economic Development Administration...

2012-02-08

243

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 ...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2010-01-01

244

A social-economic-engineering combined framework for decision making in water resources planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study develops a social-economic-engineering combined framework for decision making in water resources planning. This framework consists of four parts which are to spatially identify the grades on hydrological vulnerability (potential streamflow depletion and potential water quality deterioration), to evaluate the monetary values of improvements on hydrological vulnerability grades using the choice experiment method, to derive an alternative evaluation index (AEI) to quantify the effectiveness of all alternatives, and to combine the derived willingness-to-pays (WTPs) with the AEI and do the cost-benefit analysis of feasible alternatives. This framework includes the stakeholder participation in order to quantify the preferences with regard to management objectives (water quantity and quality) and WTPs of alternatives. Finally, the economic values of each alternative can be estimated by this study which combines the WTPs for improvements on hydrologic vulnerability grades with the AEI. The proposed procedure is applied in the Anyangcheon watershed which has been highly urbanized for past thirty years. As a result, WTPs are 0.24~10.08/month-household for water quantity and 0.80~8.60/month-household for water quality and residents of the five regions among six have higher WTPs for water quality improvement. Finally, since three of ten alternatives have BC>0, they can be proposed to the decision makers. This systematic screening procedure will provide decision makers with the flexibility to obtain stakeholders' consensus for water resources planning.

Chung, E. S.; Lee, K. S.

2009-05-01

245

Journal of Development Economics Z .Vol. 59 1999 4376  

E-print Network

Journal of Development Economics Z .Vol. 59 1999 43­76 The big push, natural resource booms that natural resource booms can be important catalysts for development in poorer countries. In this paper we booms; Big push 1. Introduction If low-income equilibrium traps are important in economic development

246

Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model  

E-print Network

Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model of Monopolistic Competition Jeffrey D. Sachs for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 14 Pattern of Trade and Economic into the model of monopolistic competition to investigate the interplay between trade policies and development

247

Keynes and development economics: a sixty-year perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Maynard Keynes exercised considerable influence on the formative years of development economics, through his disciples. Key issues were the relevance of disguised unemployment to developing countries and the supply side policies that would have to complement Keynesian demand management. Although Michal Kalecki made a greater contribution to structuralist economics, Keynesian accounting formats still dominate macroeconomic development models. The legend

John Toye

2006-01-01

248

Planning and developing a diagnostic imaging center.  

PubMed

The convergence of an aging population, new technology, and an increasing number of clinical applications and reimbursements has created a favorable environment for ambulatory imaging centers. From a patient's perspective, features such as easy access, parking, appointment availability, and a setting that caters to outpatients are attractive compared with the hospital environment. Before embarking on a venture, the execution of a careful, thorough planning process, from the inception of the idea to the opening, is vital to success. This article provides guidance on the process by discussing the process of determining whether a project is feasible; developing a business plan that will measure potential success; locating, financing, and planning space; contractor selection and project management; and planning operations. PMID:17411733

Meehan, Margaret J; Whelton, Dianne G

2004-12-01

249

European Economic Review 45 (2001) 827}838 Natural Resources and Economic Development  

E-print Network

European Economic Review 45 (2001) 827}838 Natural Resources and Economic Development The curse of natural resources Je!rey D. Sachs, Andrew M. Warner* Center for International Development, Harvard research that has shown evidence of a `curse of natural resourcesa } countries with great natural resource

250

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

...standards: (1) Business development assistance. An activity...including efforts to stimulate the development or expansion of microenterprises...training; (ii) Provision of child care; (iii) Transportation...assistance meets the economic development standard only if the...

2014-04-01

251

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the GNEP Technology Demonstration Program (GNEP-TDP). It has been prepared to guide the development of integrated plans and budgets for realizing the domestic portion of the GNEP vision as well as providing the basis for developing international cooperation. Beginning with the GNEP overall goals, it describes the basic technical objectives for each element of the program, summarizes the technology status and identifies the areas of greatest technical risk. On this basis a proposed technology demonstration program is described that can deliver the required information for a Secretarial decision in the summer of 2008 and support construction of facilities.

David J. Hill

2007-07-01

252

Planning for Development using Social Impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic development activities change the physical and social environments in which individuals live. For planners, it is important to anticipate the types of changes that might occur, and to put measures in place that mitigate negative impacts and promote positive impacts on people and communities. Social Impact Assessment (SIA) was introduced as a tool for understanding the social impacts of

Chiew-Ing Liew; Hugh R. Bigsby; Bob Gidlow

2011-01-01

253

Planning practice in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains: the case of the Mekong delta floodplains.  

PubMed

Road development in relatively undisturbed floodplain systems, such as the floodplains of the Mekong River, will impact hydraulics and interrupt the natural flow of water. This affects the ecology and environment, and the livelihoods of people who depend on fishing and agriculture. On the other hand, floods can severely damage road infrastructure in years with large floods and can cause high annual maintenance costs. Improving road development practices in floodplains is a complex, multidimensional task involving hydraulic and geotechnical analysis, ecosystem analysis, socio-economic analysis, policy analysis, etc. This paper analyses the planning practice of road development and rehabilitation and how this practice can be improved in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains. It is concluded that although ample technical, planning and environmental assessment guidelines exist, guidelines need updating to address cumulative impacts at floodplain level and factors hampering the implementation in guidelines should be addressed in the guideline design (process). PMID:23735460

Douven, Wim; Buurman, Joost

2013-10-15

254

Economic Criteria for Planning Transmission Investment in Restructured Electricity Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

From an economic perspective, a common criterion for assessing the merits of a transmission investment is its impacts on social welfare. The underlying assumption in using this criterion is that side payments may be used to distribute the social gains among all market players. In reality, however, since the impacts of an electricity transmission project on different players may vary,

Enzo E. Sauma; Shmuel S. Oren

2007-01-01

255

Experiential Learning and Sustainable Economic Development in Appalachian Communities: A Teaching Note  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the results of a participative planning class held in economically dis-advantaged communities in east Tennessee. The class follows a structured method, which includes community workshops and project development, in dealing with the communities. Among many observations gained in eight years of running the class are that…

Tonn, Bruce; Ezzell, Tim; Ogle, Eric

2010-01-01

256

African Economic Development in a Comparative Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional explanations of poor African economic performance generally fail to pay adequate attention to causal mechanisms of growth, decline and stagnation. Many African countries experienced investment booms after independence but, in contrast to East Asian newly industrialising economies, these were not sustained owing to failure to establish a virtuous growth circle involving complementary increases in savings and exports. Structural adjustment

Yilmaz Akyuz; Charles Gore

2001-01-01

257

Special Section: Approaches to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes four articles: "Estimating Economic Impacts of Programming: A Case Study of Forestry" (Marcouiller et al.); "Aquaculture Opportunities" (Snyder); "Starting a County Agricultural Marketing Program" (Vossen); and "A Multidisciplinary Model for Industry Support: Program Redirection Creates Missouri Textile Center" (Dillard et al.). (SK)

Marcouiller, David W.; And Others

1992-01-01

258

Military Expenditure and Socio-Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between military expenditure and the stimulation of aggregate demand, inflation, investment, trade balance, foreign exchange, the improvement of taxation, and employment creation and industrialization in the Third World is analyzed. To some extent military expenditure does promote economic growth, but it does not automatically…

Ball, Nicole

1983-01-01

259

Sustainable Economic Development. A Paradigm Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the turn of the last decade a paradigm change in environmental policies became apparent. At the end of the 1970s and at the beginning of the 1980s, during the first environmental revolution, environmental problems were seen as a potential conflict between economic growth and the quality of the environment; since the end of the 1980s, however, the new concept

Angela Köppl; Claudia Pichl

1995-01-01

260

Development of an arid site closure plan  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the development of a prototype plan for the effective closure and stabilization of an arid low-level waste disposal site. This plan will provide demonstrated closure techniques for a trench in a disposal site at Los Alamos. The accuracy of modeling soil water storage by two hydrologic models, CREAMS and HELP, was tested by comparing simulation results with field measurements of soil moisture in eight experimental landfill cover systems having a range of well-defined soil profiles and vegetative covers. Regression analysis showed that CREAMS generally represented soil moisture more accurately than HELP simulations. Precautions for determining parameter values for model input and for interpreting simulation results are discussed. A specific example is presented showing how the field-validated hydrologic models can be used to develop a final prototype closure plan. 15 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

Nyhan, J.W.; Barnes, F.J.

1987-01-01

261

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Planning/performing development...HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE...CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR Planning and Performing Site Development Work § 1924.105 Planning/performing...

2010-01-01

262

Drought Management Planning with Economic and Risk Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional drought management planning has focused on curtailing demand through various conservation measures when regional hydroclimatic indicators reach specific trigger levels. This study suggests a methodology that can augment traditional drought management methods in two ways. First, regional hydroclimatic indicators, which are not necessarily indicative of the impacts of droughts on individual water storage systems, are replaced with system specific

Kirk S. Westphal; Richard L. Laramie; Douglas Borgatti; Robert Stoops

2007-01-01

263

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Malheur County, Oregon  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be in Malheur County, shown in Figure 1. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Malheur County was chosen as

Alex Sifford; Kasi Beale

1993-01-01

264

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...physical development or the social conditions of the...physical, economic, or social infrastructure within...studies of physical, social, economic, and fiscal...increase the applicant's capital and operating budgets...community; and homeless nonprofit organizations,...

2010-04-01

265

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

...physical development or the social conditions of the...physical, economic, or social infrastructure within...studies of physical, social, economic, and fiscal...increase the applicant's capital and operating budgets...community; and homeless nonprofit organizations,...

2014-04-01

266

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...physical development or the social conditions of the...physical, economic, or social infrastructure within...studies of physical, social, economic, and fiscal...increase the applicant's capital and operating budgets...community; and homeless nonprofit organizations,...

2011-04-01

267

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...physical development or the social conditions of the...physical, economic, or social infrastructure within...studies of physical, social, economic, and fiscal...increase the applicant's capital and operating budgets...community; and homeless nonprofit organizations,...

2012-04-01

268

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...physical development or the social conditions of the...physical, economic, or social infrastructure within...studies of physical, social, economic, and fiscal...increase the applicant's capital and operating budgets...community; and homeless nonprofit organizations,...

2013-04-01

269

Employee Motivation for Personal Development Plan Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to understand conditions under which personal development plans (PDPs) can effectively be implemented for professional learning. Both the organization's manner of supporting the PDP practice as well as the individual employee's motivation is taken into account. Design/ methodology/approach: A questionnaire was…

Eisele, Lisa; Grohnert, Therese; Beausaert, Simon; Segers, Mien

2013-01-01

270

Developing a suitable business continuity planning methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the methodology used by a UK-based multinational banking group to develop its business continuity plans. Describes the stages (modules) in the methodology sequentially and shows how this modularity is a key success factor, enabling a project manager to complete a module - with specific objectives, tasks and deliverables - within a specific time period, facilitating effective management of the

Goh Moh Heng

1996-01-01

271

Developing a Playground Injury Prevention Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playgrounds are a major source of unintentional injuries in the school environment. In fact, 80% of all injuries on public playground equipment happen at school. Thus, the need for developing a playground injury prevention plan is critical to provide safe educational outdoor environments for children. The S.A.F.E.[TM] framework for injury…

Olsen, Heather M.; Hudson, Susan D.; Thompson, Donna

2008-01-01

272

Planning of hydroelectric development and power grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the final report of a seminar held in Peru to review approaches to planning hydroelectric projects. Three areas are covered: (1) the three steps of inventory, pre-feasibility and feasibility studies are treated as a coherent system, with consideration of topography, geology, engineering studies and cost-benefit and evaluation methodologies; (2) optimization of hydroelectric development using most successful methodologies based

L. Ribeiro; J. Aguilera; G. Moamar; W. Camargo

1979-01-01

273

Principles for Rethinking the Federal Government's Role in Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article begins with a discussion of differences between economic and community development. A three-dimensional policy frame work for analyzing subnational economic development policy is presented One dimension consists of the goals of efficiency and equity. The confusion between the equity objectives of poverty alleviation and helping distressed communities is explained The second dimension includes three sets of government and

Edward W. Hill

1998-01-01

274

Community Colleges and Economic Development: Models of Institutional Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of the nontraditional, direct involvement of community colleges in economic development activities. While a review of the literature and a discussion of the factors leading to community colleges' participation in economic development are included, the primary focus of the monograph is on seven models of nontraditional…

Katsinas, Stephen G.; Lacey, Vincent A.

275

Dynamic impacts of socio-economic development in rural Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several development policies and programs have been enacted to improve the economic vitality, social well-being, and quality of life in rural communities. Predominant among these is the attempt by many rural communities to attract or expand industry to promote economic growth. The main objective of this study is to develop a dynamic interactive model that accommodates the projection of socio

Kao

1985-01-01

276

Intellectual Investment in Agriculture for Economic and Social Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a project of agricultural research, education, and advice for economic growth and development, data was obtained from 14 countries and summarized with implications for action. Chapters in the report discuss: (1) Intellectual Investment and Economic and Social Development, (2) Intellectual Investment in Agriculture, (3) Agronomic Research, (4)…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

277

Small Business and Economic Development in Macomb County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the economic development role of small businesses in Macomb County, Michigan, in order to identify those businesses which are most significant in terms of their contribution to economic development and, which therefore, would warrant public support for their retention and growth. Using these criteria, the study isolated the…

Jacobs, James

278

Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does economic development depend on geographic endowments like temperate instead of tropical location, the ecological conditions shaping diseases, or an environment good for grains or certain cash crops? Or do these endowments of tropics, germs, and crops affect economic development only through institutions or policies? We test the endowment, institution, and policy views against each other using cross country evidence.

William Easterly; Ross E. Levine

2002-01-01

279

Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does economic development depend on geographic endowments like temperate instead of tropical location, the ecological conditions shaping diseases, or an environment good for grains or certain cash crops? Or do these endowments of tropics, germs, and crops affect economic development only through institutions or policies? We test the endowment, institution, and policy views against each other using cross country evidence.

William Easterly; Ross Levine

2003-01-01

280

Recouple: Natural Resource Strategies for Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This source book provides guidance and technical assistance material on utilizing forest, agricultural, and scenic and wildlife resources for rural economic development. The document focuses on the uniqueness of existing rural resources for new enterprise opportunities. Natural resource-based economic development strategies are a means to…

Thomas, Margaret G.

281

MAXIMIZING THE VALUE OF REMITTANCES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Migrant remittances can play a critical role in the economic development of low\\/middle-income countries. Remittances to developing countries, which currently total over $300 billion annually, are generally seen as an instrument to reduce poverty and inequality, to provide social benefits and multiplier effects, and to act as buffers against economic shocks. However, the full developmental potential of remittances is far

Michael R. Comstock; Marco Iannone; Romi Bhatia

282

Consumer & Home Economics In-Service/Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mt. San Antonio Community College District's Consumer/Home Economics In-Service/Curriculum Development Project was designed to provide activities to meet staff development and program improvement needs. The choice of activities was based on evaluation data from previous home economics projects, and priorities identified by the Consumer/Home…

McGillicuddy (Shirley) & Associates, Sierra Madre, CA.

283

Developing Resourceful Humans. Adult Education within the Economic Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which explores the shifting paradigm from human resource development to developing resourceful humans, establishes the historical position of adult education within the economic context, discusses human capital propositions, and examines the learning dimensions of economic and educational change. The following chapters are included:…

Burton, Lynn Elen, Ed.

284

Federal Public Investment Spending and Economic Development in Appalachia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis examines the relationship between federal public investment spending and economic development in the special case of Appalachia. We propose that the effects of federal public investment spending on economic development operate indirectly through private capital accumulation. We use a spatial lag regression model to test our ideas for…

Mencken, F. Carson; Tolbert, Charles M., II

2005-01-01

285

13 CFR 303.9 - Requirements for short-term Planning Investments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.9 ...to: (1) Develop the economic development planning capacity of...

2010-01-01

286

Space Station Mission Planning Study (MPS) development study. Volume 3: Software development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software development plan is presented for the definition, design, and implementation of the Space Station (SS) Payload Mission Planning System (MPS). This plan is an evolving document and must be updated periodically as the SS design and operations concepts as well as the SS MPS concept evolve. The major segments of this plan are as follows: an overview of the SS MPS and a description of its required capabilities including the computer programs identified as configurable items with an explanation of the place and function of each within the system; an overview of the project plan and a detailed description of each development project activity breaking each into lower level tasks where applicable; identification of the resources required and recommendations for the manner in which they should be utilized including recommended schedules and estimated manpower requirements; and a description of the practices, standards, and techniques recommended for the SS MPS Software (SW) development.

Klus, W. L.

1987-01-01

287

Alberta's economic development of the Athabasca oil sands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines the 61-year evolution of public policies pertaining to development of Alberta's non-conventional source of crude oil. The Athabasca oil sands contain an estimated 1.5 trillion barrels and provide for a safe continental supply. The Provincial Government first sponsored this undertaking in 1943. The period from then to 1971 was one of a transition from a wheat economy to a natural-resource economic base. A stable government emerged and was able to negotiate viable development policies. A second period, 1971 to 1986, was marked by unstable world conditions that afforded the Alberta government the ability to set terms of development with multi-national oil firms. A 50% profit-sharing plan was implemented, and basic 1973 terms lasted until 1996. However, 1986 was a critical year because the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) reduced prices, causing the Alberta economy to lapse into recession. During a third period, 1986 to 1996, the Alberta Government was unable to adapt quickly to world conditions. A new leadership structure in 1996 made major changes to create ongoing fiscal and development policies. That history provides answers to two primary research questions: How do public policies affect the behaviors of the modern corporation and visa versa? What are the implications for development theory? Two sources of information were used for this study. First, it was possible to review the Premier's files located in the Provincial Archives. Materials from various government libraries were also examined. Some 7,000 documents were used to show the evolution of government policymaking. Second, interviews with leaders of oil companies and federal research facilities were important. Findings support the thesis that, to facilitate oil sands development, government and the private sector have closely collaborated. In particular, revenue policies have allowed for effective R&D organization. Relying on intensive technological innovations to achieve economic oil sands productivity, the oil companies have responded successfully to declining rates of American conventional oil production. With respect to North American hinterlands, implications for development theory center on connections among established and changing political coalitions, capacities for technological innovations, and responses to dynamic world conditions.

Steinmann, Michael

288

Developmental State Policy, Educational Development, and Economic Development: Policy Processes in South Korea (1961-1979)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores two inter-connected issues--the state's role in educational development and educational contribution to economic development--in the policy processes entailed by the South Korean state's pursuit of economic development during the Park Chung Hi era, 1961-1979. It disputes the statist view that South Korea's economic development

Kim, Ki Su

2012-01-01

289

Socioeconomic Data for Economic Development: An Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report, prepared for the US Department of Commerce, examines the uses of regional socioeconomic data in the United States in order to make suggestions for more efficient use of such data and provide better coordination between the federal agencies that generate such data and the regional organizations, governments, and institutions who employ and interpret it in the formation of public policy. The report was based on surveys of prime users of regional data and identifies about a dozen obstacles to effective, accurate data use and makes recommendations for improvements in the overall federal system of data dissemination. The report is posted by the EconData.Net site (see the October 21, 1999 Scout Report for Business and Economics).

290

Roles of airships in economic development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is proposed that airships of known and tested technology could, in some cases, perform routine transport missions more economically than conventional transport modes. If infrastructure for direct surface transport is already in place or if such infrastructure can be justified by the size of the market and there are no unusual impediments to constructing it, then the airships of tested technology cannot normally compete. If, however, the surface routes would be unusually expensive or circuitous, or if they involve several transhipments, or if the market size is too small to spread infrastructure costs of conventional transport, the airships of tested technology present a workable alternative. A series of special cases are considered. The cases, though unusual, are not unique; there are several similar possible applications which, in total, would provide a reasonably large market for airships.

Beier, G. J.; Hidalgo, G. C.

1975-01-01

291

Economic Development, Population Ageing and Sustainability in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most populous country in the world, China is enjoying unprecedented economic growth. However this growth is accompanied with population ageing and serious environmental degradation which has attracted global attention. The impact of China's environmental problems on the rest of world in the future will be as important as that of the country's rapid economic growth. Without a balanced development

Xiumei Guo; Dora Marinova

292

A Process-Discursive Approach to Community Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When market-based growth fails to improve community economic development, an alternative approach to economic analysis is a process-discursive method, which considers the roles of human agents and importance of information about reality as experienced by individuals. The process model of community-sensitive transformation is participatory and can…

Walter, G. R.

2003-01-01

293

ECONOMIC EVALUATION TECHNIQUES : APPLICATION TO A CHINESE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Agricultural Development Bank of China (ADBC) seeks a complete economic evaluation of the Loaning Funds Program to support private agricultural product processing factories. This paper aims at economically evaluate one loaning project of ADBC : the soybean processing of Huabao Industrial Co. Ltd.

Lei Sun

2007-01-01

294

Universities and Economic Development Activities: A UK Regional Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of UK universities prioritize economic development or regeneration activities and for some of these universities such activities are the main focus of their knowledge transfer work. This study compares two regions of the UK--the North West and the South East of England--which have very different levels of economic performance.…

Decter, Moira; Cave, Frank; Rose, Mary; Peers, Gill; Fogg, Helen; Smith, Susan M.

2011-01-01

295

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization with 29 Member countries from North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific area. The OECD serves as a "forum for governments of the industrialized democracies to study and formulate the best policies possible in all economic and social spheres." Content is organized into activity sections such as development and co-operation, economics, environmental issues, transition economies, trade and transport. Within each activity, visitors can usually find related publications. The OECD site features a news and events page highlighting the latest OECD developments, and a guide to free on-line documents sorted by activity.

1999-01-01

296

Nuclear Development Nuclear Energy in a Sustainable Development Perspective NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

30th September 1961, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) shall promote policies designed: ? to achieve the highest sustainable economic growth and employment and a rising standard of living in Member countries, while maintaining financial stability, and thus to contribute to the development of the world economy; ? to contribute to sound economic expansion in Member as well as non-member countries in the process of economic development; and ? to contribute to the expansion of world trade on a multilateral, non-discriminatory basis in accordance with

unknown authors

297

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2009-2011 Department: Agricultural Economics & Economics  

E-print Network

of their adult lives. Agricultural Business This assessment plan is a summary of expected student competencies of the global economy and further improves their ability to be problem solvers. Student Learning Assessment in required 300-level and 400-level courses, including the capstone courses. These 300-level theory and 400

Maxwell, Bruce D.

298

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Facilities development project plan  

SciTech Connect

While the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) project is subject to future Administration policy decisions, budget proposals and Congressional actions, this Project Plan sets forth a feasible technical, cost, and schedule plan associated with the development of 750 million barrels of SPR crude oil storage and for enhancement of the SPR's distribution system to achieve a distribution capability of 4.5 million barrels per day. Assuming future adoption by the Administration and Congress of the project schedule identified in this Project Plan, The Total Project Cost (TPC) in program year dollars is $2,500,000,000. The TPC excludes post-development operations, capital improvement projects, terminal standby services, and oil acquisition. Under the same assumption, the schedule objectives of this project are: completion of the 750-million-barrel reserve, excluding oil fill, by September 30, 1992 in accordance with the storage capacity development schedule presented in Attachment 1. Completion of distribution enhancements to provide a distribution capability of 4.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1992 in accordance with the following schedule: 3.0 million barrels per day by July 31, 1987; 3.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1989; and 4.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1992.

Not Available

1986-10-01

299

Spatial Analysis on Future Housing Markets: Economic Development and Housing Implications  

PubMed Central

A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand. PMID:24892097

Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

2014-01-01

300

The Impact of Technology on Ireland's Economic Growth and Development: Lessons for Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contribution of information technology (IT) to economic growth and development is seen as an important factor underlying the pace of development in many developing countries. While Asia's newly industrialized economies (NIEs) are often portrayed as models for economic growth, Ireland's recent economic performance has attracted considerable attention, earning it the label “Europe's Celtic Tiger”. We adopt a framework of

Paul P. Tallon; Kenneth L. Kraemer

1999-01-01

301

Economic transition FY 1995 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP)/Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP) WBS 7.4.9  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the WHC Economic Transition Center is to support Hanford`s cleanup mission and to leverage the assets of that mission to promote diversification and long-term sustainability of the regional economy and workforce. Conducting an economic transition program is imperative at sites such as Hanford, which are faced with transition from a defense production mission to a massive cleanup mission, followed by rampdown and site closure. At issue are the human and physical resources of the Site and the final disposition of those resources. Without an effective economic transition program, the federal government will have invested billions of dollars to achieve environmental regulatory compliance without generating any greater return on investment. With an effective economic transition program, the potential exists to redeploy the highly skilled, well-trained, and educated workforce developed and utilized during the Site`s cleanup mission and find productive uses for land, facilities, and equipment. The Economic Transition Center has been divided into the following business areas: outsourcing; spinoffs; technology acquisition; technology transfer; conversion; and cross-cutting partnerships. A work package has been developed for each of these business areas in this Fiscal Year Work Plan.

Schwenk, R.M.

1994-09-01

302

Developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals.  

PubMed

The initial stages of developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals are explored in this excerpt from the book, The Role of the Hospital in an Aging Society: A Blueprint for Action. The elderly have unique perceptual, cognitive, social, and psychological needs and preferences, and a marketing strategy for eldercare services must reflect these factors, as well as the financial role of third-party payers and the decision-making influence of families and physicians. Among the elements the hospital must address when developing a marketing strategy are market selection and segmentation, targeting markets with specific services, pricing, and positioning the hospital for a maximum share of the eldercare market. PMID:10302744

Dychtwald, K; Zitter, M

1988-09-01

303

Joint United States/Japanese criticality data development program plan  

SciTech Connect

A joint program on the subject of criticality data development has been initiated by the US Department of Energy and the Japan Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation. A large number of critical experiments are planned to enhance the data base of mixed plutonium and uranium solution experiments. These data will be used to validate computer codes and cross-section libraries so that nuclear fuel recycling facilities can be designed to operate more safely and economically. The program also encompasses the development of a Subcriticality Measurement System which utilizes the /sup 252/Cf source-driven neutron noise analysis method. The system will be used to measure the subcriticality states of several experimental arrangements.

Hachiya, Y.; Koyama, T.; Smolen, G.R.; Whitesides, G.E.

1985-01-01

304

Partnering for Economic Development: How Town-Gown Relations Impact Local Economic Development in Small and Medium Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities play an increasingly prominent role in shaping regional, social, and economic development. In Canada, however, spatial, economic, and social differences between universities and their host communities continue to challenge positive town--gown relationships and undermine the benefits associated with high concentrations of prospective…

Massey, Jennifer; Field, Sean; Chan, Yolande

2014-01-01

305

The Economics of Slums in the Developing World  

E-print Network

The global expansion of urban slums poses questions for economic research as well as problems for policymakers. We provide evidence that the type of poverty observed in contemporary slums of the developing world is ...

Marx, Benjamin

306

ADDENDUM to Economic and Community Development Research Initiative RFP  

E-print Network

on other topics and addressing other issues related to economic and community development. Research topics? #12;· What is the role of entrepreneurship education and training in successful company start-ups? How has the fledgling youth entrepreneurship education movement

Shyy, Wei

307

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS OF FOREST-DEPENDENT COMMUNITIES: ANALYZING  

E-print Network

weighting of objectives. Economic development outcomes obtained using compromise and fuzzy programming, even flow ignores the business cycle as too much timber is har- vested when prices are low and too

308

ECON 483N: Economic Policy Development Prof. Vikesh Amin  

E-print Network

about the developing world - be able to apply theoretical and empirical economic analysis to the study, cheating on exams will be prosecuted as specified in the code. C he course will be delivered through 3 one

Suzuki, Masatsugu

309

Cluster-Based Economic Development: A Key to Regional Competitiveness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Drawing on case studies of 17 initiatives and more than a decade of state and local experience in regional economic development, this report describes a framework for regional growth based on the recognitin that healthy regional economies are composed of ...

J. O. Gollub, H. Birss, E. Sullivan, M. Salvato, S. Waldhorn, T. Lyman, S. Goldstein, J. Juo, E. Egan

1997-01-01

310

Participative Strategic Planning with an Eye toward Economic Analysis. AIR 1995 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principles of developing a comprehensive planning model for a college are considered, and experiences in using the strategic planning model at Cardinal Stritch College (Wisconsin) are addressed. Important components of the planning process are articulating a mission, determining parameters and objectives while completing internal and external…

Johnson, Tera; Jonas, Peter M.

311

Terrestrial Planet Finder: Technology Development Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of humanity's oldest questions is whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. The Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission will survey stars in our stellar neighborhood to search for planets and perform spectroscopic measurements to identify potential biomarkers in their atmospheres. In response to the recently published President's Plan for Space Exploration, TPF has plans to launch a visible-light coronagraph in 2014, and a separated-spacecraft infrared interferometer in 2016. Substantial funding has been committed to the development of the key technologies that are required to meet these goals for launch in the next decade. Efforts underway through industry and university contracts and at JPL include a number of system and subsystem testbeds, as well as components and numerical modeling capabilities. The science, technology, and design efforts are closely coupled to ensure that requirements and capabilities will be consistent and meet the science goals.

Lindensmith, Chris

2004-01-01

312

Servicer system demonstration plan and capability development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An orbital maneuvering vehicle (OMV) front end kit is defined which is capable of performing in-situ fluid resupply and modular maintenance of free flying spacecraft based on the integrated orbital servicing system (IOSS) concept. The compatibility of the IOSS to perform gas and fluid umbilical connect and disconnect functions utilizing connect systems currently available or in development is addressed. A series of tasks involving on-orbit servicing and the engineering test unit (ETU) of the on-orbit service were studied. The objective is the advancement of orbital servicing by expanding the Spacecraft Servicing Demonstration Plan (SSDP) to include detail demonstration planning using the Multimission Modular Spacecraft (MMS) and upgrading the ETU control.

1987-01-01

313

Financial modeling of new product development economics  

E-print Network

Product design and development is a complex process that involves extensive engineering considerations as well as management decisions based on the overall vision for the product. Traditionally, most decision making in ...

Balasubramaniam, Anitha

2014-01-01

314

Essays on social networks in development economics  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the role that social networks play in developing economies. The first two chapters analyze econometric issues that arise when researchers work with sampled network data. The final two chapters study ...

Chandrasekhar, Arun Gautham

2012-01-01

315

3 CFR - Biofuels and Rural Economic Development  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...efforts to achieve energy independence, biomass and biofuels promise to play a...National Science and Technology Council's Biomass Research and Development Board in undertaking...in plant operations by installing new biomass energy systems or producing new...

2010-01-01

316

Essays in economic development and education  

E-print Network

The first chapter of this dissertation examines the market for private school. Private school market shares are rising steadily in many developing countries, but we have a limited understanding of how private schools set ...

Feigenberg, Benjamin

2014-01-01

317

After the exit: Acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

MASON C. M. and HARRISON R. T. (2006) After the exit: acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development, Regional Studies40, 55–73. Most studies of the impact of mergers and acquisitions suggest they have a detrimental impact on economic development in peripheral regions over the longer-term. However, such assessments fail to consider the post-acquisition behaviour of the cashed-out entrepreneurs. It is

Colin M. Mason; Richard T. Harrison

2006-01-01

318

[Population change and economic development in Korea (author's transl)].  

PubMed

The purposes of this paper were to formulate an economic-demographic growth model for Korea and to analyze the policy impacts on population change and economic development. It is hoped that the result of this study would contribute to formulating a more efficient economic-demographic policy. An economic-demographic growth model for Korea is formulated on the basis of the Suits-Mason model and other relevant models. The equations which explain the level of economic variables in the model are estimated by econometric methods using time-series data. 4 variables are selected as policy variables. They are: total fertility rate, marginal growth capital formation rate, high school education rate of the working age population, and emigration rate. A different scenario is assigned to each of these variables, and the future levels of economic and demographic variables in these scenarios are calculated using simulation methods. Then, economic gains from each policy are computed to provide a basis for appraising alternative policies. Major findings from this study are as follows. The target fertility control policy is efficient in reducing the population growth rate and in increasing the GNP growth rate. The investment and education policies contribute to a rapid economic growth by increasing both capital stock and human capital. The emigration policy has a direct significant effect on the size of the population, but has an insignificant effect on economic growth. If the policy mix of the fertility control policy and investment policy is used, the economic gain will be greater than the sum of the economic gains from each policy. That indicates that synergic effects may be obtained by combining appropriate policies. In conclusion, a proper mix of various policies is essential to obtain a balanced and rapid economic growth through synergic effects. (author's modified) PMID:12339137

Ro, K K; Cho, N H; Park, D K

1983-07-01

319

Albers School of Business and Economics Finance 532: Personal Financial Planning  

E-print Network

Chapter 5 and Chapter 8, Case Problem 8-1 April 16 Consumer Credit Consumer Loans Read Chapter 7, CaseAlbers School of Business and Economics Finance 532: Personal Financial Planning Spring Quarter. April 2 Taxes Read Chapter 4 , Case Problems 4-1 and 4-2 April 9 Cash and Savings Major Purchases Read

Carter, John

320

Nature's role in sustaining economic development  

PubMed Central

In this paper, I formalize the idea of sustainable development in terms of intergenerational well-being. I then sketch an argument that has recently been put forward formally to demonstrate that intergenerational well-being increases over time if and only if a comprehensive measure of wealth per capita increases. The measure of wealth includes not only manufactured capital, knowledge and human capital (education and health), but also natural capital (e.g. ecosystems). I show that a country's comprehensive wealth per capita can decline even while gross domestic product (GDP) per capita increases and the UN Human Development Index records an improvement. I then use some rough and ready data from the world's poorest countries and regions to show that during the period 1970–2000 wealth per capita declined in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, even though the Human Development Index (HDI) showed an improvement everywhere and GDP per capita increased in all places (except in sub-Saharan Africa, where there was a slight decline). I conclude that, as none of the development indicators currently in use is able to reveal whether development has been, or is expected to be, sustainable, national statistical offices and international organizations should now routinely estimate the (comprehensive) wealth of nations. PMID:20008380

Dasgupta, Partha

2010-01-01

321

Least-cost planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The electric power industry in developing countries, as in the rest of the world, faces least-cost planning problems characterized by a range of supply-side and demand-side options, multiple conflicting objectives, and pervasive uncertainty. Two recent least-cost planning studies were sponsored by the World Bank and carried out by utilities in Hungary and Costa Rica. Although the circumstances in the two countries are very different, and the studies were carried out by different teams, they reached similar conclusions. First, both studies concluded that availability of capital was a key ingredient in developing least-cost plans. This conclusion is particularly important for developing countries since their capital requirements for power supply expansion are huge, thus indicating the need for seekin new ways of mobilizing financial resources and the adoption of policies to encourage more efficient production and end use of power. Second, both utilities were able to do thorough multi-objective and risk analyses. Third, both studies found that the multi-objective and risk analyses led to some conclusions which differed from those reached by traditional optimization, and included some surprises. In particular, the Hungarian analysis pointed to more gas turbine capacity than was previously envisaged, and found that electricity imports were an attractive option. Implementation of load management was also a winner, at least as a hedge. The Costa Rican analysis concluded that varying the power supply mix was not desireable: the utility should continue its reliance on hydro, with minor additions of thermal capacity, but eschewing baseload coal or heavy geothermal development, and with diesels preferred to gas turbines.

Merrill, H.M.; Crousillat, E.O.; Doerfner, P.; Alvarado, P.

1993-02-01

322

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

, brush, and dead-and-down woody debris uncharacteristic of fire- adapted forest and rangeland ecosystemsProceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 513 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy

Standiford, Richard B.

323

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View 409 Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy problem is very present-day problem for Russia. Forest fires become disasters in 2 or 3 regions of Russia

Standiford, Richard B.

324

New challenges to power system planning and operation of smart grid development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future development trend of electric power grid is smart grid, which includes such features as secure and reliable, efficient and economical, clean and green, flexible and compatible, open and interactive, integrated and so on. The concept and characteristics of smart grid are introduced in this paper. On the basis of practical national situation, the development plans of smart grid

Zhang Ruihua; Du Yumei; Yuhong Liu

2010-01-01

325

Site-specific development plan: Carlin, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The conditions for developing the geothermal resource near Carlin appear favorable. The resource has a favorable temperature range for direct applications (174/sup 0/F or 79/sup 0/C), the geothermal fluid has low total dissolved solids, no objectionable constituents that would result in costly scaling or corrosion problems and the resource is conveniently located within two miles from town. Direct space heating is the most realistic application and is recommended. Several clusters of homes are located less than 2 miles away. The project could be developed on a larger scale than this study proposes. The engineering and economic models are proposed on a small scale here for simplicity in evaluating the feasibility of pursuing development. Conceivably the producing well will provide sufficient hot water to accommodate more homes than the models include. The town of Carlin seems receptive to development and there does not appear to be any major barriers to exploration or development. The regulatory climate in both the state and county is conducive to geothermal development at this level. No major regulatory or environmental obstacles are noted which would severely curtail utilization for space heating. The prospect of replacing natural gas heat with geothermal heat for 60 or more homes is economically attractive. Geothermal rates for hot water are not expected to increase as rapidly as the price of natural gas to the consumer over the next 10 years. The increases for hot water from geothermal are primarily a function of power costs for the pumps plus inflation affecting maintenance costs. Individual homeowners can expect payback on retrofitting costs within two to three years.

Fiore, J.H.

1980-01-01

326

Economic Development Impacts of Urban Rail Transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

New investments in urban rail transport, both in Europe and North America, have been widely discussed in the transport policy literature, especially in the context of the relative success of individual projects. Recent experience in developed countries has seen something of a revival of urban light rail infrastructure, mainly because of its lower cost relative to full underground metro rail.

Graham R. Crampton

2003-01-01

327

Technology Transfer and Economic Development in Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of Arizona's effort to encourage the creation and expansion of high technology based on the discoveries and new knowledge developed at its research universities is discussed. The study of the University of Arizona and Arizona State University was recommended by the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and…

Brophy, James

328

Technology, Innovation, and Regional Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years state and local governments, universities, and private sector groups have become increasingly active in promoting technological innovation and technology-based business development in their local economies. These efforts have resulted in productive new forms of partnership and cooperation at all levels. While federal programs have…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

329

Economic Pressure, Parent Personality and Child Development: An Interactionist Analysis.  

PubMed

The current economic downturn in the U.S. and around the world has refocused attention on the processes through which families and children are affected by economic hardship. This study examines the response to economic pressure of a cohort of youth first studied 20 years ago as adolescents and now grown to adulthood. A total of 271 of the original G2 adolescents (M age = 25.6 years) participated in the study with their young child (G3, M age = 2.31 years at the first time of assessment) and the child's other parent in 81% of the cases. Data analyses were guided by the interactionist model which proposed that positive G2 personality attributes during adolescence would predict lower economic pressure during adulthood and would diminish the negative family processes related to economic pressure expected to disrupt competent G3 development. The findings were consistent with this social selection aspect of the interactionist model. The model also predicted that economic pressure and other aspects of the related family stress process would affect G3 development net of earlier G2 personality. This social causation aspect of the interactionist model also received support. The findings suggest that the relationship between economic conditions and child development reflect a dynamic process of selection and causation that plays out over time and generations. PMID:21209795

Conger, Rand D; Schofield, Thomas K; Conger, Katherine J; Neppl, Tricia K

2010-01-01

330

Economic Pressure, Parent Personality and Child Development: An Interactionist Analysis  

PubMed Central

The current economic downturn in the U.S. and around the world has refocused attention on the processes through which families and children are affected by economic hardship. This study examines the response to economic pressure of a cohort of youth first studied 20 years ago as adolescents and now grown to adulthood. A total of 271 of the original G2 adolescents (M age = 25.6 years) participated in the study with their young child (G3, M age = 2.31 years at the first time of assessment) and the child’s other parent in 81% of the cases. Data analyses were guided by the interactionist model which proposed that positive G2 personality attributes during adolescence would predict lower economic pressure during adulthood and would diminish the negative family processes related to economic pressure expected to disrupt competent G3 development. The findings were consistent with this social selection aspect of the interactionist model. The model also predicted that economic pressure and other aspects of the related family stress process would affect G3 development net of earlier G2 personality. This social causation aspect of the interactionist model also received support. The findings suggest that the relationship between economic conditions and child development reflect a dynamic process of selection and causation that plays out over time and generations. PMID:21209795

Conger, Rand D.; Schofield, Thomas K.; Conger, Katherine J.; Neppl, Tricia K.

2010-01-01

331

Teaching Local Economic Development Using Problem-Based Service Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The course was a senior-level 3 credit seminar designed primarily for junior and senior economics majors and minors. This capstone-type course offered an opportunity for 18 students to learn about urban economics as it applies to local economic development while being actively involved in the actual practice of community and economic development through a partnership with Burlington's innovative Community and Economic Development Office (CEDO). Specifically, Students conducted the following activities for CEDO's economic development division: 1. Collected data to enable an up-to-date understanding of economic/demographic trends and conditions in Burlington and the region. CEDO has previously hired outside consultants to periodically produce a data rich document titled "Jobs and People." My students put together "Jobs and People IV." Key contributions unique to J&P IV were the construction of time series based on NAICS instead of SIC industry codes and the addition of variables to reflect Burlington's movement away from manufacturing to an economy based more on the arts, technology and sustainable agriculture. This report is now used throughout the state of Vermont. 2. Developed a dataset in excel with formulas and sources that makes it easy for CEDO staff to keep "Jobs and People" continuously updated and to modify the data and charts to meet their changing needs. CEDO will now need to rely less on expensive outside consultants. Students conducted the following activities for CEDO's community development division: 1. Conducted a survey of Burlington residents on their quality of life in the historical but economically challenged Old North End neighborhood. The survey was also designed to gather information about the types of supports residents want and to identify the role played by CEDO sponsored neighborhood associations in resident perceptions of quality of life.

Brooks, Nancy

332

Technology and Economics Affecting Unconventional Reservoir Development  

E-print Network

???????????????????..??..?????? 7 1.6 The chronology of the US energy consumption by source and its relation with technological developments worldwide??????.?????? 8 1.7 Oil and natural gas R&D funds provided by the US government????.. 10 1.8 Investments in oil and gas... recovery R&D and unconventional gas produc- tion. Data from 29 major US-based energy producing companies???? 11 2.1 History matching and forecasting for a natural gas producer reservoir as example???????????????????????............. 16 2...

Flores Campero, Cecilia P.

2010-01-15

333

Gender Disparity in Third World Technological, Social, and Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socialization of women in developing countries inhibits their education and employment in scientific and technical fields. This mindset perpetuates poverty and limits economic and social development. Solutions include elimination of gender bias, information dissemination, replication of successful development projects, use of role models, and…

Akubue, Anthony I.

2001-01-01

334

Economic Development and Air Quality: Complementary Goals for Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1979 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Commerce (DOC), the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and the Department of Transportation (DOT) jointly awarded demonstration grants to eight urban areas to develop and test ways to coordinate economic development and air quality improvement. The funding period for the grantees participating in this Air Quality Technical Assistance

Jerry A. Kurtzweg; Cristina Nelson Griffin

1981-01-01

335

LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT AS A MAGNET FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT AS A MAGNET FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: EVIDENCE FROM TWIN CITIES Jason Cao Light-Rail Line on Commercial & Industrial PropertyValues in Minneapolis Real Estate Development inAnticipation of the Green Line Light RailTransit in St. Paul Green Line and DevelopmentActivities #12;Blue Line

Minnesota, University of

336

Developing a playground injury prevention plan.  

PubMed

Playgrounds are a major source of unintentional injuries in the school environment. In fact, 80% of all injuries on public playground equipment happen at school. Thus, the need for developing a playground injury prevention plan is critical to provide safe educational outdoor environments for children. The S.A.F.E.trade mark framework for injury prevention is the first step in preventing playground injuries. This article highlights suggestions that school nurses can implement in creating an effective playground injury prevention program at their schools. PMID:18557671

Olsen, Heather M; Hudson, Susan D; Thompson, Donna

2008-06-01

337

Standard Review Plan Update and Development Program  

SciTech Connect

This implementing procedures document (IPD) was prepared for use in implementing tasks under the standard review plan update and development program (SRP-UDP). The IPD provides comprehensive guidance and detailed procedures for SRP-UDP tasks. The IPD is mandatory for contractors performing work for the SRP-UDP. It is guidance for the staff. At the completion of the SRP-UDP, the IPD will be revised (to remove the UDP aspects) and will replace NRR Office Letter No. 800 as long-term maintenance procedures.

Not Available

1992-05-01

338

Demands of Expanding Populations and Development Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book is a practical resource for development planners, demographers, and organizations involved with development projects related to improving the well-being and welfare of expanding human populations. Demands of Expanding Populations and Development Planning essentially is a treatment on sustainability and includes a heavy emphasis on major issues of environmental pollution over the last 3 decades. The book's coverage of ecosystems, atmospheric chemistry, water availability and quality, and soils is comprehensive. The author's extensive teaching experience makes this somewhat of an authoritative book on air quality and emissions from natural and anthropogenic sources, volatile heavy metals, carbon monoxide, radon, and nuclear waste. Most of the book focuses on the atmospheric chemistry of air pollution, whether the pollution source is from energy, industrial production, and manufacturing processes or from the treatment of waste products from such processes.

Lim, Bo

2010-04-01

339

Evolutionary development of path planning algorithms  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the use of evolutionary software techniques for developing both genetic algorithms and genetic programs. Genetic algorithms are evolved to solve a specific problem within a fixed and known environment. While genetic algorithms can evolve to become very optimized for their task, they often are very specialized and perform poorly if the environment changes. Genetic programs are evolved through simultaneous training in a variety of environments to develop a more general controller behavior that operates in unknown environments. Performance of genetic programs is less optimal than a specially bred algorithm for an individual environment, but the controller performs acceptably under a wider variety of circumstances. The example problem addressed in this paper is evolutionary development of algorithms and programs for path planning in nuclear environments, such as Chernobyl.

Hage, M

1998-09-01

340

13 CFR 307.9 - Revolving Loan Fund Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...Region's CEDS or EDA-approved economic development plan, if applicable, and...the CEDS or EDA-approved economic development plan, if applicable,...

2010-01-01

341

Reservoir Simulation Used to Plan Diatomite Developement in Mountainous Region  

E-print Network

's ideal development plan. The steep hillsides prevent well pad development for about 22 vertical well locations in the 110 well expansion plan. Conventional production performs poorly in the area because the combination of relatively low permeability (1...

Powell, Richard

2012-10-19

342

Economic Development Web Site: State and Local Policy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Development Web Site is maintained by the State and Local Policy Program, in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, at the University of Minnesota. The site provides various resources related to economic development at the regional level. Visitors may want to start with Understanding Your Industries -- A Framework for Industry Analysis, which will examine several different analytical tools (both quantitative and qualitative) that help to describe how key industries cluster in a particular area. Several examples of areas that include industry cluster in their development strategies are available. There are also "ten key principles for developing a cutting edge economic development strategy for your area" and links to both national and state data coupled with a description of the data.

1997-01-01

343

EEP Contractors Vegetation Monitoring Plan Development  

E-print Network

for resampling CVS -EEP Archive Database The process matches Post Baseline Data Flow from this step forward START Plan Apply Vegetation Monitoring Plan Decision Tree CVS Entry Database Calculate minimum number of plots Approve Vegetation Monitoring Plan and Overall Mitigation Plan Email CVS CVS-EEP Archive Database

Peet, Robert K.

344

Critical elements in sustaining participatory planning: Bagamoyo strategic urban development planning framework in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide, generally, and in Tanzania, particularly, urban development planning has in the 1990s become participatory and strategic and less technocratic and comprehensive. The shift has involved the preparation and implementation of general planning schemes rather than detail planning schemes. Inability to sustain technocratic and comprehensive urban planning, which is widely published, has prompted the shift to participatory and strategic urban

Francos Halla

2005-01-01

345

Economic development with limited supplies of family labor: Chinese peasant families in balancing demographic and economic requisites.  

PubMed

Family planning (FP) in rural China, particularly the ramifications of the 1-child policy, has profound implications and ramifications for family-centered social and economic life in addition to demographic control. Under a constitutionally endorsed policy of strict birth control, favorable economic opportunities coexisted with the problem of familial labor shortages. Recent reform policies have led to a more relaxed FP environment. The Chinese state is in a dilemma between the need to allow peasant's autonomy in determining the familial work situation and the population pressure on the limited cultivated land. The Chinese experience of rural reform is examined in terms of the complex relationship between population change and economic development which are influenced by the production and welfare activities of the peasant family. The theoretical argument is that a family reliant strategy of economic reform undercuts the effectiveness of population control programs. The ultimate solution lies with sustained industrialization with high labor absorption. National trends and the Dahe People's Commune/Township experience are analyzed. Discussion is focused on the dilemma of FP and family production, old and new evidence of family size and economic performance, welfare outcome of family size, the role of the state in altering the demographic balance sheet, and the strategic response of peasant families to bring families of old designs back and urban migration and proletarianization. It is concluded that there is growing understanding that the causal relationships between population growth and economic development do not clearly support universal population control. Human social organization, not the man/land ratio, shapes the consequences of population growth. The implications for the Malthusian vs. Marxian debate for developing countries are that the resources/population imbalance needs to consider more carefully the human organizational factors. Mao's notions that a revolutionary transformation of the social organization of production in China would resolve overpopulation have since been rectified by opposing ideological positions: changing the basic mode of production through institutional decollectivization and checking population growth with the 1-child policy. This dilemma in rural areas translates to greater productivity and diversification with Chinese families having abundant adult labor and secured by the number of sons. It is difficult to substantiate the benefit of small families for peasants theoretically. Political rewards have been curtailed by economic declines. The peasant family has adapted by reconstituting old family forms and kin networks and by out-migration and nonagricultural employment. PMID:12285338

Chang, K S

1991-07-01

346

The Impact of Democratic and Economic Freedom on Economic Growth in Developing Countries: Pooled Cross Country Data Evidence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Main objective of this study is to investigate that whether free economic and political policies promote economic growth in developing countries or not. This study employs least square quantitative methodology to estimate the effects of freedoms. This study found a strong negative relationship between political freedom and economic growth in more than 70 developing countries from all regions during 2000-2004 by using an econometric model based on new classical growth theory. Economic freedom is negatively related with economic growth, but has no significant effect. Freedom for joint collective decision of people for selecting central leadership in developing countries is challenge for achieving rapid economic growth. These results differ from most of existing literatures and policy prescriptions on that positive role of democratic and economic freedom for economic growth which is precondition of economic development.

Santhirasegaram, Selvarathinam

347

Helping the Discarded Generation: Youth Employment and Community Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains and illustrates features of community economic development (CDC) organizations using two Canadian examples (Learnxs Foundation, Inc., and Learning Enrichment Foundation). Proposes CDCs as a way to improve youth employment and community development. Discusses youth employment programs in Germany, Austria, Britain, and the United States and…

Shuttleworth, Dale

1984-01-01

348

CO2 Storage and Sink Enhancements: Developing Comparable Economics  

E-print Network

CO2 Storage and Sink Enhancements: Developing Comparable Economics B.R. Bock1 , R.G. Rhudy2 , and H technologies and practices under development for CO2 storage and sink enhancement, including options for storing captured CO2, such as active oil reservoirs, depleted oil and gas reservoirs, deep aquifers, coal

349

Women's Education for Economic Development in Cross Section of Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International organizations and researchers in the field of education and development have emphasized the importance of women's education for the social and economic development of Third World countries. However, women's educational levels are lower than men's in most countries throughout the world. This paper presents findings of a study that…

Kuroda, Kazuo

350

Economic Development and the Escape from High Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. — This paper studies the characteristic features of the escape from high mortality as re- corded from the historical experience of Northwestern Europe and from the current experience of less developed countries. The paper documents stylized facts of mortality change and measures the contribution of economic development, represented by income per capita, to the mortality decline during the second

Javier A. Birchenall

2007-01-01

351

Financial development and economic growth: a symbiotic relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article evaluates the plausibility of financial development as a tool to boost economic growth, using time series data on a cross-section of thirteen countries at different stages of development. Using annual data from 1960 to 2002, it conducts stationarity tests on the variables, followed by cointegration analysis among the banking and non-banking financial variables and GDP. It also tests

Jagdish Handa; Shubha Rahman Khan

2008-01-01

352

Nuclear energy consumption and economic growth in nine developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to test the causal relationship between nuclear energy consumption and real GDP for nine developed countries for the period 1971-2005 by including capital and labour as additional variables. Using a modified version of the Granger causality test developed by Toda and Yamamoto (1995), we found a unidirectional causality running from nuclear energy consumption to economic growth in

Yemane Wolde-Rufael; Kojo Menyah

2010-01-01

353

Remarks on Successful Economic Development Programs in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural economic development depends on implementation of strategies that capture the competitive edge of the total rural environment. It will not succeed by weak duplication of traditional urban development strategies. The historic dependence on the natural resource base that is the common denominator for rural areas must be regarded not as a…

Thomas, Margaret G.

354

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name MSc Development Economics  

E-print Network

development. 5) Develop microeconomic models to explain how people make such decisions and how policy and the need for public policies and interventions. Analyse and assess policies designed towards helping the poor. Apply economic and quantitative analysis to solve problems of a type that face #12;2 policy-making

Weyde, Tillman

355

Economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an introduction to this special issue of The Journal of Development Studies on economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries. In addition to providing a conceptual framework, it outlines how the contributions fit into the extant literature. A series of regularities emerge across these studies. The poor consist of those who are always poor — poor

Bob Baulch; John Hoddinott

2000-01-01

356

A plan for the economic assessment of the benefits of improved meteorological forecasts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Benefit-cost relationships for the development of meteorological satellites are outlined. The weather forecast capabilities of the various weather satellites (Tiros, SEOS, Nimbus) are discussed, and the development of additional satellite systems is examined. A rational approach is development that leads to the establishment of the economic benefits which may result from the utilization of meteorological satellite data. The economic and social impacts of improved weather forecasting for industries and resources management are discussed, and significant weather sensitive industries are listed.

Bhattacharyya, R.; Greenberg, J.

1975-01-01

357

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon). Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

358

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington) Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

359

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

360

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 2. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

361

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington). Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

362

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

363

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington). Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

364

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 2. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

365

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 1. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

366

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

367

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 1. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

368

31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. 537...Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. ...company that is engaged in the economic development of resources located...

2010-07-01

369

31 CFR 537.411 - Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. 537...411 Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. ...equity interest, in the economic development of resources located in...

2010-07-01

370

7 CFR 1940.968 - Rural Economic Development Review Panel Grant (Panel Grant).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 true Rural Economic Development Review Panel Grant (Panel...Programs § 1940.968 Rural Economic Development Review Panel Grant (Panel...associated with a State rural economic development review panel. (b)...

2010-01-01

371

7 CFR 4280.15 - Ultimate Recipient Projects eligible for Rural Economic Development Loan funding.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Projects eligible for Rural Economic Development Loan funding. 4280.15... LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Economic Development Loan and Grant Programs...Projects eligible for Rural Economic Development Loan funding....

2010-01-01

372

31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...contract that includes the economic development of resources located...

2010-07-01

373

41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900 Section...900 What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means that the...

2010-07-01

374

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal Year 2009...for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program. This announcement...Office of Rural Housing and Economic Development, Office of Community...

2011-02-18

375

7 CFR 2.45 - Deputy Under Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development. 2.45 Section...Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development. Pursuant to...Secretary for Rural Economic and Community Development, to be...

2010-01-01

376

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in-depth analysis of economic and community development problems and opportunities, including...present and projected future economic development investments...necessary to solve the economic development problems of the Region;...

2012-01-01

377

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in-depth analysis of economic and community development problems and opportunities, including...present and projected future economic development investments...necessary to solve the economic development problems of the Region;...

2013-01-01

378

The ambiguous role of alcohol in economic and social development.  

PubMed

An increased and industrialized alcohol supply in a developing society is usually assumed to have positive effects on economic development, although it may be recognized that the effects on public health and order will be negative. There has been little attention to the potential for negative effects on the economic side. This paper directs attention to such factors as unemployment for cottage producers (often female heads of household) and reduced industrial employment as highly-automated "turnkey" brewers are installed. On the other hand, changes in the mode of production of alcoholic beverages may have little impact on the much larger work-force involved in serving or selling alcohol in retail trade. The net contribution of an increased and industrialized alcohol supply in terms of economic development is unclear, but industrialization and development bring with them increased demands for attention and sobriety, e.g. in motorized traffic and on the production line, which increased drinking may undercut. Decisions by international development agencies on investment in alcohol production and distribution should take account of both the positive and negative impacts on economic development as well as on public health. In line with this, the World Bank has recently decided to invest in alcohol industry projects only when there is a strong positive development impact and the project is "consistent with public health issues and social policy concerns". PMID:11218349

Room, R; Jernigan, D

2000-12-01

379

Environmental Database and Geographic Information System for Socio-Economic Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic information system has helped in taking integrated land resource inventory with other Geo-coded statistics. These environmental database are used in predicting some disaster such as flood, erosion and drought. Also it is used to estimate the wind speed frequency distribution at OSU, Nigeria. A GIS is designed to accept large volume of spatial data derieved from a variety of sources including remote sensing sensor and to effectively Store, Retrieve, Manipulate, Analysed and Display these data according to user defined specification. Planning organisation need vast amount of accurate and timely information on physical Resources and related socio-economic factors to help guide their management and Planning Decision.

Omidiora, O.; Adesina, A. M.; Onaolapo, B. R.

2003-04-01

380

Development of Consistency between Marketing and Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined descriptive information about marketing, enrollment management, institutional planning and factors affecting them. A factor analysis of statistically appropriate variables identified factors associated with a state of symbiosis between marketing and institutional planning. (Author/BL)

Williford, A. Michael

1986-01-01

381

When Plans do not Work Out: How Plans are Used in Software Development Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on empirical material from the area of software engineering, this article discusses the issue of plans and planning as an integral part of and prerequisite for software development work. It relates observed practices to literature produced by the Computer Supported Cooperative Work community. Empirical studies of software development practice seldom address re-planning. By analyzing the empirical material from one

Kari Rönkkö; Yvonne Dittrich; Dave Randall

2005-01-01

382

Software Development Plan for DESCARTES and CIDER  

SciTech Connect

This Software Development Plan (SDP) outlines all software activities required to obtain functional environmental accumulation and individual dose codes for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) project. The modeling activities addressed use the output of the air transport-code HATCHET to compute radionuclide concentrations in environmental pathways, and continue on through calculations of dose for individuals. The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project has a deliverable in the June 1993 time frame to be able to start computing doses to individuals from nuclear-related activities on the Hanford Site during and following World War II. The CIDER code will compute doses and their uncertainties for individuals living in the contaminated environment computed by DESCARTES. The projected size of the code is 3000 lines.

Eslinger, P.W.

1992-12-08

383

States and urban strategies. State urban policy in Pennsylvania: economic development and community conservation strategies  

SciTech Connect

This case study discusses the nature and impact of Pennsylvania's urban strategy to provide a possible model for other States. The study gives a description of Pennsylvania's political, economic, and demographic characteristics and the current issues and problems facing the State and its communities. The origins of the urban strategy and its development are then outlined, including the principal organizations and actors involved. The study explains the content of the State urban strategy, describes the actions and programs proposed, and assesses the impact of the strategy. Although about three-fourths of Pennsylvania's residents are urban, the State has no formal urban policy. The State has a history of involvement in urban problems, its role has been fragmented and its approach has been more functional than comprehensive. Governor Richard Thornburgh's administration has called for major new planning which focuses on economic development and community conservation. Although administration officials do not identify the plan as an urban policy or strategy, the Governor argues that his plan has strong urban as well as rural components. The extent to which the Commonwealth has made, and continues to make, progress toward a State urban policy is assessed. An assessment is also made of the policies and programs affecting urban areas which were formulated by the previous State administration. The research emphasizes the underlying social, economic, demographic, and political dynamics affecting the State's approach to an urban policy.

Christian, C.M.; Williams, C.L.

1980-09-01

384

State and local economic development tools : how does the range of state-level economic development tools available to a locality influence the way local resources are deployed?  

E-print Network

Patterns in Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) expenditures for economic development in selected states were analyzed to explore whether differences in economic development tools, policies and programs available at ...

Piercy, Brett I. (Brett Ianthe)

2010-01-01

385

State Appalachian Development Plans and Investment Programs for Fiscal Year 1980. ABSTRACTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), established by Congress in 1965 as a means of relieving the chronic economic and social distresses of the Appalachian region, is composed of the governors of the 13 states that comprise Appalachia. Local development plans, based upon needs and priorities, are presented to ARC every year by the governor of…

Appalachian Regional Commission, Washington, DC.

386

Sustainable and balanced development of Lithuanian Curonian spit and Neringa municipality: Planning and political aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are some significant positive accents in the history of Curonian spit land use management as well as important negative factors, including political, professional and specific. The new Master plan for Neringa municipality was prepared trying to take a more modern path adopted to the unique territory, ensuring balance of social, economical and ecological development and preservation of its valuables.

Paulius Kavaliauskas

2010-01-01

387

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development 2008/09 Annual Service Plan Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Service Plan Report reflects the Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development's success in achieving the overall priorities of the Government of British Columbia, in the current economic conditions and other relevant external factors related to the strategic direction and operations of this Ministry. This paper also highlights…

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

2009-01-01

388

25 CFR 20.511 - Should permanency plans be developed?  

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Child Assistance Foster Care § 20.511 Should permanency plans be developed? Permanency planning must be...

2014-04-01

389

25 CFR 20.511 - Should permanency plans be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Child Assistance Foster Care § 20.511 Should permanency plans be developed? Permanency planning must be...

2011-04-01

390

25 CFR 20.511 - Should permanency plans be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Child Assistance Foster Care § 20.511 Should permanency plans be developed? Permanency planning must be...

2010-04-01

391

25 CFR 20.511 - Should permanency plans be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Child Assistance Foster Care § 20.511 Should permanency plans be developed? Permanency planning must be...

2013-04-01

392

25 CFR 20.511 - Should permanency plans be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Child Assistance Foster Care § 20.511 Should permanency plans be developed? Permanency planning must be...

2012-04-01

393

School Psychology Program School Based Practicum Competency Development Plan  

E-print Network

1 School Psychology Program School Based Practicum Competency Development Plan Practicum Contract ___________________________________________________________________ Competencies Plan of Practicum Activities Competency 1.1 Formulates and conducts psychological assessments, administrators, parents, and other stakeholders in defining educational, social and emotional problems and needs

Garfunkel, Eric

394

7 CFR 4279.156 - Planning and performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Planning and performing development...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND... GUARANTEED LOANMAKING Business and Industry Loans § 4279.156 Planning and performing...

2010-01-01

395

The early planning and development of Oklahoma City  

E-print Network

An analysis of the planning, development, and implementation of Oklahoma City's Grand Boulevard. In the early days of 1909, a plan emerged to build an expansive parks and boulevard system to encircle Oklahoma City. Such ...

Humphreys, Blair D. (Blair David)

2009-01-01

396

NASCOM system development plan: System description, capabilities, and plans, FY 94-2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Nascom System Development Plan (NSDP) for FY 94-2 contains 17 sections. It is a management document containing the approved plan for maintaining the Nascom Network System. Topics covered include an overview of Nascom systems and services, major ground communication support systems, low-speed data system, voice system, high-speed data system, Nascom support for NASA networks, Nascom planning for NASA missions, and network upgrade and advanced systems developments and plans.

1994-01-01

397

30 CFR 550.303 - Facilities described in a new or revised Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...review any Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan...revised Exploration Plans and Development and Production Plans shall...revised Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan is exempt...monoxide (CO); and E=33.3D for total suspended...

2012-07-01

398

30 CFR 550.303 - Facilities described in a new or revised Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan.  

...review any Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan...revised Exploration Plans and Development and Production Plans shall...revised Exploration Plan or Development and Production Plan is exempt...monoxide (CO); and E=33.3D for total suspended...

2014-07-01

399

Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This year's annual report on the economic prospects for developing countries focuses on international trade and the policies needed to help these nations benefit from global integration. The news is good for many developing countries, whose economic growth is expected to register "5.3 percent this year, 5 percent next year, and ease to 4.8 percent by 2002." However, the world's poorest nations, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, have not kept pace. The full report is available online, but each chapter must be downloaded separately in .pdf format. The official press release and summary are available in several languages including Chinese, German, Russian, and English. The main page also provides a slide show of the primary points and issues of the report and a video interview with the Director of the Bank's Economy Policy and Prospects program, as well as regional economic prospects and related links.

400

Accelerated plan to develop magnetic fusion energy  

SciTech Connect

We have shown that, despite funding delays since the passage of the Magnetic Fusion Engineering Act of 1980, fusion development could still be carried to the point of a demonstration plant by the year 2000 as called for in the Act if funding, now about $365 million per year, were increased to the $1 billion range over the next few years (see Table I). We have also suggested that there may be an economic incentive for the private sector to become in accelerating fusion development on account of the greater stability of energy production costs from fusion. Namely, whereas fossil fuel prices will surely escalate in the course of time, fusion fuel will always be abundantly available at low cost; and fusion technology poses less future risk to the public and the investor compared to conventional nuclear power. In short, once a fusion plant is built, the cost of generating electricity mainly the amortization of the plant capital cost - would be relatively fixed for the life of the plant. In Sec. V, we found that the projected capital cost of fusion plants ($2000 to $4000 per KW/sub e/) would probably be acceptable if fusion plants were available today.

Fowler, T.K.

1986-05-28

401

Population growth and development planning in Africa.  

PubMed

Some of the consequences of rapid population growth and their implications for the economic development of the Africa region in the 1980s are outlined. The total population of Africa was estimated to be 412 million in 1976, or 10.2% of the total world population of 4044 million. Population density of the region is comparatively low, but the crude density measure of 14 persons per square kilometer in 1977 obscures the very high percentage of Africa's land which is desert or otherwise not arable. Continued high fertility rates in the region coupled with substantial decline in mortality rates especially for infants and children has resulted in Africa having a youthful population. The growth of cities due primarily to rural-urban migration is 1 of the most pressing problems of the region. Some countries in the region maintain pronatalist policies because they have a small population and regard population growth as a stimulus to the socioeconomic development effort. Few countries such as Kenya, Mauritius, Egypt, and Morocco consider rapid population growth a constraint on their development efforts and are now implementing national policies which aim at reducing the rate of growth of their populations. Population problems in Africa arise mainly from the fact that additions to the population needing education, housing, employment and to be fed adequately are increasing at a rate far more than most African countries can cope with. To illustrate the potential impact of population factors on development, the potential relationships between population and health, education, food supply, labor force supply and employment are analyzed. PMID:12263333

1980-12-01

402

Functional marketing plan development in department store retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retailers are now implementing the types of formal marketing planning programs that have long characterized consumer goods\\u000a firms. The functional marketing plans that are developed tend to be a year or less in duration. The primary responsibility\\u000a for developing the plans resides with the general merchandise manager. The planning efforts of the retailing executive, in\\u000a spite of their short term

J. Barry Mason; Morris L. Mayer; Anthony Koh

1985-01-01

403

Institutions and economic development: How strong is the relation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between institutions and economic development (output per worker). As in Hall and Jones (1999), we find that a 1% improvement in institutions (as we measure them) generates on average a 5% increase in output per worker. However, this relationship is not linear and the data have important heterogeneity. Countries with the same value of institutions

Tiago V. de V. Cavalcanti; Álvaro A. Novo

2005-01-01

404

Energy Costs, Economic and Environmental Analysis Course Development Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on energy costs as well as economic and environmental analysis. Topics include utility rate analysis, simple payback analysis, compound interest and more. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

2011-02-18

405

The Urban Impacts of Federal Policies: Vol.2, Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the relationship between federal programs and policies and urban economic development. It provides both a conceptual analysis of the relationships and a review of the theoretical and empirical literature relevant to assessing policy effects. It is one of several in a broad study that examined federal actions in relation to…

Vaughan, Roger J.

406

Recruitment of Rural Teachers in Developing Countries: An Economic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monetary and nonmonetary incentives for rural teacher recruitment are common in developing-country education systems. This paper interprets incentive policies within the framework of the economic theory of compensating differentials, clarifying implicit assumptions of incentive policies and aids in organizing further empirical work on their…

McEwan, Patrick J.

1999-01-01

407

International Inequalities: Algebraic Investigations into Health and Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Millennium Project is an international effort to improve the health, economic status, and environmental resources of the world's most vulnerable people. Using data associated with the Millennium Project, students use algebra to explore international development issues including poverty reduction and the relationship between health and economy.…

Staats, Susan; Robertson, Douglas

2009-01-01

408

The Benefits of Early Child Development Programs: An Economic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a framework for estimating the economic benefits of early child development (ECD) programs and applies the framework to preliminary data from the Bolivian ECD program (known as the PIDI Project). The evaluation quantifies the benefits of increased lifetime productivity as a result of ECD enrollment. The evaluation also takes…

van der Gaag, Jacques; Tan, Jee-Peng

409

Human Geography Data and Mapping for Economic Development & Livelihoods  

E-print Network

Human Geography Data and Mapping for Economic Development & Livelihoods 27 June 2012 World Bank, Washington D.C. We are pleased to announce the World-Wide Human Geography Data Working Group meeting on 27 partnerships around human geography data and mapping focused on the general principle of making appropriate

Giles, C. Lee

410

Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between economic development and environmental quality is analyzed econometrically for a large sample of countries over time. The results indicate that some indicators improve with rising incomes (like water and sanitation), others worsen and then improve (particulates and sulfur oxides), and others worsen steadily (dissolved oxygen in rivers, municipal solid wastes, and carbon emissions). Growth tends to be

Nemat Shafik

1994-01-01

411

STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

, nuclear, and renewable energy generated in-region, except for any that is subject to unit on the California Energy Commission staff's proposed methodology for estimating the generation mix of CaliforniaSTATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ENERGY POLICY DIVISION

412

Rural Community College Initiative II. Economic Development. AACC Project Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report addresses the Rural Community College Initiative (RCCI) from the American Association of Community Colleges, which seeks to enhance the capacity of targeted community colleges to expand access to postsecondary education and help foster regional economic development. The Ford Foundation has made a decade-long commitment to community…

Eller, Ronald; Martinez, Ruben; Pace, Cynthia; Pavel, Michael; Garza, Hector; Barnett, Lynn

413

RETRAINING AND MIGRATION AS FACTORS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT, PREPARED FOR THE OFFICE OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, FEATURES A REVIEW OF RECENT RESEARCH ON RETRAINING AND MIGRATION AS INDEPENDENT AND INTERACTING FACTORS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIES. FINDINGS ARE ALSO RELATED TO CURRENT UNITED STATES MANPOWER POLICY AND TO RETRAINING AND RELOCATION SCHEMES IN WESTERN EUROPE. IN THE UNITED STATES,…

SOMERS, GERALD G.

414

Professional Sports Facilities, Franchises and Urban Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local political and community leaders and the owners of professional sports teams frequently claim that professional sports facilities and franchises are important engines of economic development in urban areas. These structures and teams allegedly contribute millions of dollars of net new spending annually and create hundreds of new jobs, and provide justification for hundreds of millions of dollars of public

Dennis Coates; Brad R. Humphreys

2003-01-01

415

Post Cold War economic and development on warfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paradigm of warfare has significantly changed from industrial and intrastate conflict to civil and informal war. This study examines the effect of Cold War and the post-Cold war economic policies and development polices have on the shift in warfare paradigm as well as funding conflict. Along with secondary literature, primary sources from international institutions such as International Monetary Fund,

Tamara Simunovic

2011-01-01

416

India's missing girls: biology, customs, and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review the evidence on the sex ratio among children below the age of six. International evidence shows that the sex ratio at birth is slightly biased towards boys, but boys suffer greater mortality, a pattern consistent with Darwinian evolution. With economic development, the male bias in the child sex ratio increases. South and East India show levels and trends

V. Bhaskar; Bishnupriya Gupta

2007-01-01

417

Regional Economic Development: An Analysis of Practices, Resources and Outcomes  

E-print Network

--SWOT Index Scores by Question (Virginia) xi #12;The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy Brett Levanto for a Strengths/Weaknesses/Opportunities/Threats (SWOT) analysis of Economic Development organizations, which can long existed in the United States. Just after the Revolution, these simplistic government and non-government

Lewis, Robert Michael

418

A Portfolio of Community College Initiatives in Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges across the United States have initiated programs that are making an impact on the productivity of rural America and its residents. Profiles of 20 community and technical college initiatives in rural economic development are contained in this report intended for use by community and technical college administrators. The programs…

Thomas, Margaret G.

419

Developing Transferable Research Skills in First Year Agricultural Economics Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A problem-based learning approach was adopted for a unit of study in first year agricultural economics at the University of Sydney with the aim of starting development of students' research skills earlier than usual. The novel teaching approach employed a structured and guided problem activity in the first semester and progressed to a more…

Koppi, Tony; Nolan, Elizabeth; Field, Damien

2010-01-01

420

Making the Connection: Disarmament, Development and Economic Conversion. A Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of articles which have been selected to provide insight into different aspects of the relationship between the two most pressing and challenging issues of the current time. The first is the need to achieve a just level of economic development for two-thirds of the world's population that live in poverty. The second is the…

Gold, Howard, Ed.

421

Economic Development Administration Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Economic Development Administration (EDA) Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2012. During the year, EDA continued to work collaboratively with public- and private-sector partners to break down bureaucratic silos and maximize the effectiveness of its p...

2013-01-01

422

Northern regions of Russia: economic dynamics and development problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes what regional economic tendencies are observed in the Russian North, and how national crisis processes affect the regional economies. We tried to take into consideration a current necessity of enhancing the innovation factors for the development of both national and regional economies.

V. S. Selin

2011-01-01

423

7 CFR 1940.956 - State rural economic development review panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...regional area overcome severe economic distress. (7 ) The distribution...waste collection or disposal problem. (8 ) The extent to...State agency responsible for economic and community development or...State representative of the Economic Development...

2012-01-01

424

7 CFR 1940.956 - State rural economic development review panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...regional area overcome severe economic distress. (7 ) The distribution...waste collection or disposal problem. (8 ) The extent to...State agency responsible for economic and community development or...State representative of the Economic Development...

2013-01-01

425

7 CFR 1940.956 - State rural economic development review panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...regional area overcome severe economic distress. (7 ) The distribution...waste collection or disposal problem. (8 ) The extent to...State agency responsible for economic and community development or...State representative of the Economic Development...

2011-01-01

426

75 FR 49016 - County of Greenville, S.C.-Acquisition Exemption-Greenville County Economic Development Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exemption--Greenville County Economic Development Corporation The County of...acquire from Greenville County Economic Development Corporation (GCEDC) approximately...See Greenville County Economic Development...

2010-08-12

427

Improving Software Development Process through Economic Mechanism Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce the novel concept of applying economic mechanism design to software development process, and aim to find ways to adjust the incentives and disincentives of the software organization to align them with the motivations of the participants in order to maximize the delivered value of a software project. We envision a set of principles to design processes that allow people to be self motivated but constantly working toward project goals. The resulting economic mechanism will rely on game theoretic principles (i.e. Stackelberg games) for leveraging the incentives, goals and motivation of the participants in the service of project and organizational goals.

Yilmaz, Murat; O'Connor, Rory V.; Collins, John

428

Macroeconomics and Health: Investing in Health for Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Health Organisation's (WHO) Commission on Macroeconomics and Health yesterday released this 210-page report on the role of health in global economic development. The Commission, which was established in January of last year, finds "that extending the coverage of crucial health services, including a relatively small number of specific interventions, to the world's poor could save millions of lives each year, reduce poverty, spur economic development, and promote global security." The report recommends an effort on the part of developing and developed nations alike and argues that millions of lives would be saved annually if cooperating countries invested one tenth of one percent of national income. At the site, users can download the report in full or by section.

2001-01-01

429

Valuing fire planning alternatives in forest restoration: using derived demand to integrate economics with ecological restoration.  

PubMed

Assessing the value of fire planning alternatives is challenging because fire affects a wide array of ecosystem, market, and social values. Wildland fire management is increasingly used to address forest restoration while pragmatic approaches to assessing the value of fire management have yet to be developed. Earlier approaches to assessing the value of forest management relied on connecting site valuation with management variables. While sound, such analysis is too narrow to account for a broad range of ecosystem services. The metric fire regime condition class (FRCC) was developed from ecosystem management philosophy, but it is entirely biophysical. Its lack of economic information cripples its utility to support decision-making. We present a means of defining and assessing the deviation of a landscape from its desired fire management condition by re-framing the fire management problem as one of derived demand. This valued deviation establishes a performance metric for wildland fire management. Using a case study, we display the deviation across a landscape and sum the deviations to produce a summary metric. This summary metric is used to assess the value of alternative fire management strategies on improving the fire management condition toward its desired state. It enables us to identify which sites are most valuable to restore, even when they are in the same fire regime condition class. The case study site exemplifies how a wide range of disparate values, such as watershed, wildlife, property and timber, can be incorporated into a single landscape assessment. The analysis presented here leverages previous research on environmental capital value and non-market valuation by integrating ecosystem management, restoration, and microeconomics. PMID:24878985

Rideout, Douglas B; Ziesler, Pamela S; Kernohan, Nicole J

2014-08-01

430

Chemical sensors technology development planning workshop  

SciTech Connect

The workshop participants were asked to: (1) Assess the current capabilities of chemical sensor technologies for addressing US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) needs; (2) Estimate potential near term (one to two years) and intermediate term (three to five years) capabilities for addressing those needs; and (3) Generate a ranked list of specific recommendations on what research and development (R&D) should be funded to provide the necessary capabilities. The needs were described in terms of two pervasive EM problems, the in situ determination of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and selected metals in various matrices at DOE sites. The R&D recommendations were to be ranked according to the estimated likelihood that the product technology will be ready for application within the time frame it is needed and the estimated return on investment. The principal conclusions and recommendations of the workshop are as follows: Chemical sensors capable of in situ determinations can significantly reduce analytical costs; Chemical sensors have been developed for certain VOCs in gases and water but none are currently capable of in situ determination of VOCs in soils; The DOE need for in situ determination of metals in soils cannot be addressed with existing chemical sensors and the prospects for their availability in three to five years are uncertain; Adaptation, if necessary, and field application of laboratory analytical instruments and those few chemical sensors that are already in field testing is the best approach for the near term; The chemical sensor technology development plan should include balanced support for near- and intermediate-term efforts.

Bastiaans, G.J.; Haas, W.J. Jr.; Junk, G.A. [eds.

1993-03-01

431

Developing a Master Plan for Your School. School Buildings Planning, Design, and Construction Series No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A school construction guide offers key personnel in school development projects information on the complex task of master planning and construction of schools in Australia. This chapter of the guide provides advice on how to set up a master planning team and establish a plan for quickly completing the building process. It provides an overview of…

Odell, John H.

432

Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China  

PubMed Central

Despite their value, coastal ecosystems are globally threatened by anthropogenic impacts, yet how these impacts are driven by economic development is not well understood. We compiled a multifaceted dataset to quantify coastal trends and examine the role of economic growth in China's coastal degradation since the 1950s. Although China's coastal population growth did not change following the 1978 economic reforms, its coastal economy increased by orders of magnitude. All 15 coastal human impacts examined increased over time, especially after the reforms. Econometric analysis revealed positive relationships between most impacts and GDP across temporal and spatial scales, often lacking dropping thresholds. These relationships generally held when influences of population growth were addressed by analyzing per capita impacts, and when population density was included as explanatory variables. Historical trends in physical and biotic indicators showed that China's coastal ecosystems changed little or slowly between the 1950s and 1978, but have degraded at accelerated rates since 1978. Thus economic growth has been the cause of accelerating human damage to China's coastal ecosystems. China's GDP per capita remains very low. Without strict conservation efforts, continuing economic growth will further degrade China's coastal ecosystems. PMID:25104138

He, Qiang; Bertness, Mark D.; Bruno, John F.; Li, Bo; Chen, Guoqian; Coverdale, Tyler C.; Altieri, Andrew H.; Bai, Junhong; Sun, Tao; Pennings, Steven C.; Liu, Jianguo; Ehrlich, Paul R.; Cui, Baoshan

2014-01-01

433

[Family planning and community development: an indissoluble partnership].  

PubMed

Local publications about population in Rwanda over the past 3 years have tended either to view population growth and high density as advantageous because they lead to more intensive use of resources and hence development, or to view Rwanda as regressing economically and socially because of its very rapid population growth. It is questionable whether Rwanda's development goals can be attained without bringing down the rate of population growth. Population pressure in some rural areas has become catastrophic, yet parents do not see their large families as a problem because they expect their children once grown to make their living elsewhere. Local authorities should help to communicate the concept that only demographic stability will allow achievement of communal development goals. The advantages of smaller families should be discussed. Rwanda's policy of increasing agricultural production has encountered numerous obstacles. Subdivision of plots through inheritance, sale, or sharecropping is a problem in itself and also tends to increase erosion. None of the methods of increasing plot size by collectivization or resettling the population is without serious drawbacks. The best solution appears to be encouragement of better cultivation techniques through extension agents and demonstration projects at the local level. Artisanal activities and manual labor should be promoted to provide employment at the communal level. Community development projects should be decentralized and carefully planned to meet local needs. PMID:12315661

Butera, G

1988-12-01

434

Tourism planning and power within micropolitan community development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to investigate the community planning processes associated with the development of a new and iconic attraction in a micropolitan community. The four sources of evidence in the case study research were communication with community leaders, planning documents, newspaper articles, and observations. Two hypotheses were formulated with the first phrased as planning for a proposed

William L. Obenour; Nelson Cooper

2010-01-01

435

A Guide for Developing a Business Plan for Charter Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide may be used by charter school operators in developing a business plan that can be used as a management tool in individual schools and in preparing applications for charters, renewals, and grants and loans. A sound business plan must reflect the school's ideas, assets, and needs clearly and succinctly. Drafting a business plan begins…

Charter Friends National Network, St. Paul, MN.

436

E000308 economic development and the environment Economic development in low-income economies is initially highly resource-  

E-print Network

is initially highly resource- intensive. Resource depletion and pollution damage is often estimated to reduce not only to phenomena such as water and air quality but also, importantly, to natural resource stocks drawdowns, may affect economic development in a dynamic interaction. This feedback is hard to quantify

Coxhead, Ian

437

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Oregon) Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socioeconomic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

438

Funding Sources for Community and Economic Development 1997: A Guide to Current Sources for Local Programs and Projects. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide contains information on 2,086 funding programs that provide support on national, state, and local levels for economic and community development, social services, and the humanities. The guide begins with "A Guide to Proposal Planning and Writing" (Lynn E. Miner), which includes strategies for locating information on public and private…

1997

439

24. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, Natick, Mass, Climatic Building, First Floor Plan, Architectural. Drawing No. 35-07-01, Sheet 2 of 72, 1952, updated to 1985. (Source: NRDEC). - Natick Research & Development Laboratories, Climatic Chambers Building, U.S. Army Natick Research, Development & Engineering Center (NRDEC), Natick, Middlesex County, MA

440

25. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, Natick, Mass. Climatic Building, First Floor Plan, Refrigeration and Engineering. Drawing No. 35-07-01, Sheet 52 of 72, 1952. (Source: NRDEC). - Natick Research & Development Laboratories, Climatic Chambers Building, U.S. Army Natick Research, Development & Engineering Center (NRDEC), Natick, Middlesex County, MA

441

Site Development Planning--A Must for Education Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School site development planning involves consideration of location, topography, utilities, accessibility, lighting, landscaping, traffic and parking, playground areas, and athletic facilities. A checklist is provided. (MLF)

Perkins, James K.

1989-01-01

442

44 CFR 78.5 - Flood Mitigation Plan development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD MITIGATION ASSISTANCE § 78.5 Flood Mitigation Plan development. A...

2010-10-01

443

44 CFR 78.5 - Flood Mitigation Plan development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD MITIGATION ASSISTANCE § 78.5 Flood Mitigation Plan development. A...

2011-10-01

444

44 CFR 78.5 - Flood Mitigation Plan development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD MITIGATION ASSISTANCE § 78.5 Flood Mitigation Plan development. A...

2012-10-01

445

44 CFR 78.5 - Flood Mitigation Plan development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD MITIGATION ASSISTANCE § 78.5 Flood Mitigation Plan development. A...

2013-10-01

446

Nutrition and socio-economic development in Southeast Asia.  

PubMed

While most Third World countries, particularly in Africa and Latin America, have experienced a deterioration in child welfare as a result of the severe economic downturn in the 1980s, Southeast Asia in general managed to sustain improvements in the situation of its children because it has maintained satisfactory rates of economic growth. However, there were exceptions within Southeast Asia. The Philippines, Vietnam, Dem. Kampuchea and Laos had unsatisfactory growth rates and, consequently, unsustained nutritional gains from the 1970s through the 1980s. Economic factors exerted a big impact on the Philippine nutrition situation, particularly on the dietary status of the households and the nutritional status of children. As a result of the economic dislocation occurring in the country, the nutritional gains of 1978-82 were not maintained in succeeding years. Unlike the case of Thailand, it has been estimated that the solution to nutritional problems in the Philippines is far from being achieved in the immediate future (Villavieja et al. 1989). On the other hand, the nutrition improvements in Thailand have been as remarkable as the economic growth over the last decade. Long-term investments in health, nutrition and other social services in Thailand (as well as in Indonesia) have paid off according to the assessment by the United Nations (1990). It appears, therefore, that the nutrition situation in developing countries is highly dependent on the economic situation, globally and nationally (Cornia et al. 1987), as well as on investment in social services. Adjustment policies should, therefore, consider their implications on distribution and poverty in order that they could positively contribute to the improvement of the nutrition of the people. PMID:1508934

Florentino, R F; Pedro, R A

1992-05-01

447

Servicers system demonstration plan and capability development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A plan for the demonstration of the exchange of Multi-Mission Modular Spacecraft (MMS) modules using the servicer mechanism Engineering Test Unit (ETU) was prepared and executed. The plan included: establishment of requirements, conceptual design, selection of MMS spacecraft mockup configuration, selection of MMS module mockup configuration, evaluation of adequacy of ETU load capability, and selection of a stowage rack arrangement. The MMS module exchange demonstration mockup equipment was designed, fabricated, checked out, shipped, installed, and demonstrated.

Bulboaca, M. A.; Cuseo, J. A.; Derocher, W. L., Jr.; Maples, R. W.; Reynolds, P. C.; Sterrett, R. A.

1985-01-01

448

Planning, Programming and Budgeting Systems (PPBS) and Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA): Economic Considerations for Adult Education. Occasional Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In adult education, program planning and administrative management are important areas within which economic analysis may contribute to effective and efficient decision making. The adult education administrator is faced with a dual economic task: (1) to prove beforehand that his programs will pay for the operating budget he is demanding; and (2)…

Lamoureux, Marvin E.

449

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development was started in 1987 by Professors Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt. The Project's primary goal is "to understand and foster the conditions under which sustained, self-determined social and economic development is achieved among American Indian nations." To accomplish this goal, the Project has sponsored a number of conferences and events, and as also offered advisory services to interested persons and tribal leaders. The "Publications" area is a good way to take a look at the fruits of their labors, as it includes the archives of the Joint Occasional Papers on Native Affairs and a variety of field reports, such as "Renewing Beauty: Options for Navajo Land Management and Decision Making".

450

USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

2005-05-01

451

77 FR 5043 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD...Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act...Office of Community Planning and Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...

2012-02-01

452

77 FR 5044 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD...Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act...Office of Community Planning and Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...

2012-02-01

453

Development in Rural Texas: An Assessment of TEEX Economic Development Reports  

E-print Network

School TEEX 2012 Capstone. iii FOREWORD This report, Development in Rural Texas, tackles a compelling subject: economic development in rural Texas communities. It does so at the request of the Knowledge Engineering Division of the Texas... in economic development. After delivering their carefully-crafted and well-researched reports to these communities, officials at TEEX were left to wonder what would happen next. Would the recommendations in the reports be implemented or would the reports...

Calcaneo, Edgar Adrian; Cripe, Ramsey; Davis, Taylor; Gonzalez, Ramon; Grimes, Joshua; Hemby, Olivia; Humphrey, Colby; Keppy, Paul; Surgenor, Ken

2012-01-01

454

Turnaround operations analysis for OTV. Volume 3: Technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An integrated technology development plan for the technologies required to process both GBOTVs and SBOTVs are described. The plan includes definition of the tests and experiments to be accomplished on the ground, in a Space Shuttle Sortie Mission, on an Expendable Launch Vehicle, or at the Space Station as a Technology Development Mission (TDM). The plan reflects and accommodates current and projected research and technology programs where appropriate.

1988-01-01

455

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into Reusable Cutlery  

E-print Network

of an environmental, economic, and social evaluation. The environmental indicators include the materials usedUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation, transportation, energy consumption, and compostability. The economic assessment consists of a financial cost

456

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, FY 1993 Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) 1993 Site Development Plan (SDP) provides analysis and policy guidance for the effective use and orderly development of land and facilities at the LBL main site. The SDP directly supports LBL`s role as a multiprogram national laboratory operated by the University of California (UC) for the Department of Energy (DOE). It is a concise policy document, prepared in compliance with DOE Order 4320.1 B, and is coupled to the 1993 Laboratory Integrated Facilities Plan (LIFP). It also serves as the current DOE framework for the implementation of the 1987 Long Range Development Plan (LRDP) approved by the Regents of the University of California. The SDP is updated annually, with periodic major revisions consistent with DOE policy and approved plans of the Regents. The plan is reviewed and approved by the DOE San Francisco Field Office. The specific purposes of the SDP are to: Summarize the mission and community setting of the Laboratory; Describe program trends and projections and future resource requirements; Describe site planning goals and future facilities and land uses; and Describe site planning issues and potential infrastructure replacement solutions. The SDP concisely expresses the policies for future development based on planning concepts, the anticipated needs of research programs, and site potential and constraints. The 1993 LIFP and other planning data provide detailed support for the plans identified in this document.

Not Available

1993-04-01

457

Planning the Development of Universities-III. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of a research project on planning and development lists the most important conclusions drawn from the research dealing with the methodological problems of planning and development of universities. One conclusion is that in the coming decade the qualitative aspects of university activities are likely to be the major concern of…

Onushkin, Victor G., Ed.

458

Plan Development Incentives Program (Effective October 1, 2006)  

E-print Network

Plan Development Incentives Program (Effective October 1, 2006) Cost Share Rates for nutrient management planning under revised Act 38 regulations (Chapter 83 subchapter D; effective October 1, 2006). Cost Share includes soil and manure analysis and the development of Nutrient Balance Sheets. Operation

Guiltinan, Mark

459

Development and Reliability of the Comprehensive Crisis Plan Checklist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is of vital importance that children are educated in a safe environment. Every school needs to have a well-developed crisis management document containing plans for prevention, intervention, and postvention. We developed the Comprehensive Crisis Plan Checklist (CCPC) to serve as a valuable tool that can be used to assist practitioners with…

Aspiranti, Kathleen B.; Pelchar, Taylor K.; McCLeary, Daniel F.; Bain, Sherry K.; Foster, Lisa N.

2011-01-01

460

Planning and Management of High Density Urban Development Anthony Yeh  

E-print Network

SEMINAR Planning and Management of High Density Urban Development by Anthony Yeh Chair Professor Centre of Urban Planning and Environmental Management and Dean, Graduate School, The University of Hong and management measures that can make high density urban development more liveable. ABOUT THE SPEAKER Anthony Yeh

Tam, Vincent W. L.

461

An NCME Instructional Module on Developing a Personal Grading Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assists teachers in developing grading practices that communicate students' achievements to their parents effectively and fairly. A teacher's personal grading philosophy must be considered in developing a personal plan. Procedural steps in establishing a plan are outlined, and the features of several common methods are compared. (SLD)

Frisbie, David A.; Waltman, Kristie K.

1992-01-01

462

Demographic, Employment and Development Trends: The Need for Integrated Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors contend that problems associated with rapid population growth in developing countries must be tackled through comprehensive planning. They discuss impacts of demography on labor supply and demand and migration. Then they propose a practical framework for population and human resource development planning and policy formation. (SK)

Farooq, Ghazi M.; MacKellar, F. Landis

1990-01-01

463

Faculty Planning, Development, and Evaluation System: Washtenaw Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1989 and 1991, the Planning, Development and Evaluation (PDE) Committee of Washtenaw Community College (Michigan) designed a faculty assessment process focusing on professional development and academic planning. It is an approach in which all educators (faculty and administrators) work together, using the PDE system to continually define…

Altieri, Guy; And Others

464

Fundamental economic issues in the development of small scale hydro  

SciTech Connect

Some basic economic issues involved in the development of small-scale hydroelectric power are addressed. The discussion represents an economist's view of the investment process in this resource. Very little investment has been made in small-scale hydro development and an attempt is made to show that the reason for this may not be that the expected present worth of the returns of the project do not exceed the construction cost by a sufficient amount. Rather, a set of factors in combination impose costs on the project not normally incurred in small businesses. The discussion covers costs, supply, demand, and profitability.

Not Available

1980-05-01

465

Population change and some aspects of socio-economic development.  

PubMed

Some of the major dimensions of the interrelationship of population dynamics and socioeconomic development are examined in the context of Asia and the Pacific. Most of the countries in the region are developing, and population growth is viewed more as an obstacle to development rather than as a stimulant to economic progress. There are at least 10 countries in the region whose per capita income is less than US$300, namely: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In 1979 these countries had an estimated combined population of 1,867,103,000 or about 77% of the population of the region. Per capita gross national product (GNP) masks the real economic condition of the people as it fails to show the actual distribution of income and wealth. In most nonsocialist countries there is maldistribution of income and wealth. The International Labor Organization (ILO) report points out that during 1963-73 in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, the richest 20% of households receive about half the income. In contrast, the poorest 40% receive between 12-18% of total income. In short, there could be economic development but not social development, such as equitable distribution of wealth and income. Studies have shown that equitable income distribution exerts a far greater influence on fertility than the GNP. In many countries of the region poverty is reality. The World Bank estimates that half of the people in absolute poverty live in South Asia, mainly India and Bangladesh. It is most unfortunate that among the very poor, poverty is frequently regarded as the cause rather than the effect of high fertility. Among the very poor, mortality, particularly infant mortality, tends to be high. China is among the countries which have recognized that rapid population growth is not beneficial to the accelerated speed of capital accumulation. It has been observed that in most countries as the GNP per capita increases the birthrate decreases. This is the case in the developed countries of the region, i.e., Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and Singapore. It appears to be that wealth begets wealth, and that development is one of the better contraceptives. The processes and conditions which lead to and result from an increase in per capita income usually cause a number of social and attitudinal changes which in turn bring about an eventual decrease in the birthrate. In sum, population growth and economic development are complementary, interdependent, and act as constraints on each other. PMID:12265663

1982-06-01

466

Youth Individual Development Accounts: Retirement Planning Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the growing interest in a privatized Social Security system and the lack of adequate retirement planning among many people in the United States, many households are often ill prepared for retirement. The outlook for low-income populations is even bleaker because they are often not privy to the same financial education and asset-building…

Shobe, Marcia A.; Sturm, Stephanie L.

2007-01-01

467

Developing Your School Grounds: A Planning Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the planning steps and other practical considerations to establish successful trails, outdoor classrooms, or other environmental education improvements on school grounds. Steps include determining needs and methods for promoting projects, resources, site assessment, property lines, safety, and maintenance. Possible projects described…

Clearing, 1998

1998-01-01

468

Planning New Development Efforts: Recommended Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Michigan-Ohio Regional Educational Laboratory uses one of its own research projects as a model to outline recommended procedures in the planning of research efforts. The model used is an inservice teacher education program where three distinct phases operate in an overlapping manner as the program progresses. In the first phase, the problem is…

Della-Dora, Delmo

469

Planning for Curriculum Development in Independent Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The strategic planning process of the University System of Georgia Independent Study program includes assessment of undergraduate curriculum, credit equivalency, and enrollment rate; nationwide, faculty, and student surveys on technology in course delivery; and environmental scanning. Negotiation of various interests is an important part. (SK)

Kleiber, Pamela B.; Zhu, Lillian

1995-01-01

470

[Evaluation of land resources carrying capacity of development zone based on planning environment impact assessment].  

PubMed

Assessment of land resources carrying capacity is the key point of planning environment impact assessment and the main foundation to determine whether the planning could be implemented or not. With the help of the space analysis function of Geographic Information System, and selecting altitude, slope, land use type, distance from resident land, distance from main traffic roads, and distance from environmentally sensitive area as the sensitive factors, a comprehensive assessment on the ecological sensitivity and its spatial distribution in Zhangzhou Merchants Economic and Technological Development Zone, Fujian Province of East China was conducted, and the assessment results were combined with the planning land layout diagram for the ecological suitability analysis. In the Development Zone, 84.0% of resident land, 93.1% of industrial land, 86.0% of traffic land, and 76. 0% of other constructive lands in planning were located in insensitive and gently sensitive areas, and thus, the implement of the land use planning generally had little impact on the ecological environment, and the land resources in the planning area was able to meet the land use demand. The assessment of the population carrying capacity with ecological land as the limiting factor indicated that in considering the highly sensitive area and 60% of the moderately sensitive area as ecological land, the population within the Zone in the planning could reach 240000, and the available land area per capita could be 134.0 m2. Such a planned population scale is appropriate, according to the related standards of constructive land. PMID:22586973

Fu, Shi-Feng; Zhang, Ping; Jiang, Jin-Long

2012-02-01

471

Measuring Economic Impact: A Plan for Institutional Self-Defense from Taxation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tax-exempt status of most independent colleges and universities will likely be challenged eventually, and institutions would be wise to take preemptive action by developing arguments, both financial and cultural, to support the claim that they provide substantial benefits to the community. A Rollins College (Florida) economic impact study…

Morrell, Louis R.

1995-01-01

472

1995 Site Development Plan. [Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to apply science and technology in the national interest. LLNL`s focus is on global security, global ecology, and bioscience. Laboratory, employees are working with industrial and academic partners to increase national economic competitiveness and improve science education. Laboratory`s mission is dynamic and has been changed over the years to meet new national needs.

NONE

1995-12-31

473

Economic Development Impacts in Colorado from Four Vestas Manufacturing Facilities, Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series  

SciTech Connect

This case study summarizes the economic development benefits to Colorado from four Vestas manufacturing facilities: one in Windsor, two in Brighton, and one in Pueblo (which is planned to be the world's largest tower-manufacturing facility). In the midst of an economic slowdown during which numerous U.S. manufacturers have closed their doors, wind energy component manufacturing is one U.S. industry that has experienced unprecedented growth during the past few years. As demand for wind power in the United States has increased and transportation costs have increased around the world, states have seen a significant increase in the number of manufacturers that produce wind turbine components in the United States. Vestas' Colorado operations will bring approximately $700 million in capital investment and nearly 2,500 jobs to the state.

Not Available

2009-04-01

474

Wealth and well-being, economic growth, and integral development.  

PubMed

This essay tackles a bimillenary problem in psychology, ethics, economics, and political philosophy: that of the relations between wealth and well-being. What are they, and should we live for pleasure, or rather seek to live a full and useful life? This is the ancient dilemma between hedonism, the cult of pleasure, and eudemonism, the search for a good life. Economists, almost without exception, have opted for hedonism, but they have not found out what percentage of the goods that ordinary people want are not merchandises. This gap is currently being filled by psychologists, sociologists, socioeconomists, and other workers in the new "science of happiness". Their main finding, that happiness is not for sale, might surprise the orthodox economists. On the social level, the former problem, concerning individuals, gets translated into the question of national development: what kind of development should we seek, and for whom? In particular, should economic growth be prioritized, or should we promote the simultaneous development of all sectors of society, including the political and cultural? In either case, should development benefit the chosen few or everybody? And should it enhance the well-being of the individual and make that of her offspring possible? This problem, of course, lies at the intersection of three sciences--psychology, economics, and political science--and two chapters of philosophy--ethics and political philosophy. Consequently, anyone daring to propose original solutions to the problem in question will risk being criticized by experts distributed among these five fields, who are not used to talking to one another. PMID:22403910

Bunge, Mario

2012-01-01

475

Life Expectancy Estimates in the Life Care Plan: Accounting for Economic Factors  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study was to summarize the existing scientific literature on the relationship between economic factors and life expectancy (LE) after spinal cord injury (SCI), present new data on the relationship between household income and LE, and present a revised theoretical risk model to account for the observed relationships. Research Design Data were from a prospective cohort study of 1386 participants with SCI which began in 1997. Mortality status was determined 10 years later. Person year logistic regression was used to evaluate predictors of mortality and to generate LE estimates, as each year of follow-up was treated as a separate observation (rather than a single observation per person). Results Results indicated significant relationships between age, injury severity, household income and LE, which suggest the need for more refined models of economic factors and LE. Conclusions LE estimates in life care plans need to account for economic factors in order to improve accuracy. It is important to allocate resources to meet all healthcare needs throughout the lifecycle to ensure that LE is not compromised. PMID:25285312

Krause, James S.; Saunders, Lee L.

2011-01-01

476

Culturally appropriate vegetables and economic development. A contextual analysis.  

PubMed

This paper examines the implications of the demand for ethno-cultural vegetables (ECV) by South-Asians, the largest cultural group in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), on their potential for Ontario agricultural economic development and significant consumer health benefits. A conceptual framework is presented to explain the relationship among factors such as change in demographics, demand for locally produced ECV and both the potential agricultural and health benefits. Analysis of cross-sectional data collected in 2009 also indicates that the respondents have certain characteristics that are pertinent to understanding why they shop in particular stores and their perceptions about what constitutes quality. In sum, household size and percentage spent on vegetables predict their expenditure on ECV, an indication that South-Asians resident in the GTA will continue to demand their ECV. It is thus a niche market that farmers can explore if its potential economic value to them is clarified and the government can provide sufficient support by increasing awareness and creating appropriate economic incentives for farmers willing to grow these vegetables. PMID:22516843

Adekunle, Bamidele; Filson, Glen; Sethuratnam, Sridharan

2012-08-01

477

Essays on economic development, energy demand, and the environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapid expansion of industry at the outset of economic development and the subsequent growth of the transportation and residential and commercial sectors dictate both the rate at which energy demand increases and the composition of primary fuel sources used to meet secondary requirements. Each of these factors each has an impact on the pollution problems that nations may face. Growth in consumer wealth, however, appears to eventually lead to a shift in priorities. In particular, the importance of the environment begins to take precedent over the acquisition of goods. Accordingly, cleaner energy alternatives are sought out. The approach taken here is to determine the energy profile of an average nation, and apply those results to a model of economic growth. Dematerialization of production and saturation of consumer bundles results in declining rates of growth of energy demand in broadly defined end-use sectors. The effects of technological change in fossil fuel efficiency, fossil fuel recovery, and 'backstop' energy resources on economic growth and the emissions of carbon dioxide are then analyzed. A central planner is assumed to optimize the consumption of goods and services subject to capital and resource constraints. Slight perturbations in the parameters are used to determine their local elasticities with respect to different endogenous variables, and give an indication of the effects of changes in the various assumptions.

Medlock, Kenneth Barry, III

2000-10-01

478

Economic recession and fertility in the developed world.  

PubMed

This article reviews research on the effects of economic recessions on fertility in the developed world. We study how economic downturns, as measured by various indicators, especially by declining GDP levels, falling consumer confidence, and rising unemployment, were found to affect fertility. We also discuss particular mechanisms through which the recession may have influenced fertility behavior, including the effects of economic uncertainty, falling income, changes in the housing market, and rising enrollment in higher education, and also factors that influence fertility indirectly such as declining marriage rates. Most studies find that fertility tends to be pro-cyclical and often rises and declines with the ups and downs of the business cycle. Usually, these aggregate effects are relatively small (typically, a few percentage points) and of short durations; in addition they often influence especially the timing of childbearing and in most cases do not leave an imprint on cohort fertility levels. Therefore, major long-term fertility shifts often continue seemingly uninterrupted during the recession—including the fertility declines before and during the Great Depression of the 1930s and before and during the oil shock crises of the 1970s. Changes in the opportunity costs of childbearing and fertility behavior during economic downturn vary by sex, age, social status, and number of children; childless young adults are usually most affected. Furthermore, various policies and institutions may modify or even reverse the relationship between recessions and fertility. The first evidence pertaining to the recent recession falls in line with these findings. In most countries, the recession has brought a decline in the number of births and fertility rates, often marking a sharp halt to the previous decade of rising fertility rates. PMID:22066128

Sobotka, Tomáš; Skirbekk, Vegard; Philipov, Dimiter

2011-01-01

479

Developing a Fleet Standardization Index for Airline Planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quantifying subjective aspects is a difficult task that requires a great dedication of time from researchers and analysts. Nevertheless, one of the main objectives of it is to pave the way for a better understanding of the focused aspects. Fleet standardization is one of these subjective aspects that is extremely difficult to mm into numbers. Although, it is of great importance to know the benefits that may come with a higher level of standardization for airlines, which may be economical advantages, maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance plus a much better planning of routes and flights. This study presents the first step on developing an index, hereto called "Fleet Standardization Index" or FSI (or IPF in Portuguese, for "Indice de Padronizacao de Frotas"), that will allow senior airline planners to compare different fleets and also simulate some results from maintaining or renewing their fleets. Although being a preliminary study, the results obtained may already be tested to compare different fleets (different airlines) and also analyze some possible impacts of a fleet renewal before it takes place. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to introduce the proposed IPF index and to demonstrate that it is inversely proportional to the number of different airplane models, engines and other equipment, such as avionics.

deBorgesPan, Alexis George; EspiritoSanto, Respicio A., Jr.

2003-01-01

480

Study of domestic social and economic impacts of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) commercial development. Volume I. Economic impacts  

SciTech Connect

This analysis identifies the economic impacts associated with OTEC development and quantifies them at the national, regional, and industry levels. It focuses on the effects on the United States' economy of the domestic development and utilization of twenty-five and fifty 400 MWe OTEC power plants by the year 2000. The methodology employed was characteristic of economic impact analysis. After conducting a literature review, a likely future OTEC scenario was developed on the basis of technological, siting, and materials requirements parameters. These parameters were used to identify the industries affected by OTEC development; an economic profile was constructed for each of these industries. These profiles established an industrial baseline from which the direct, indirect, and induced economic impacts of OTEC implementation could be estimated. Each stage of this analysis is summarized; and the economic impacts are addressed. The methodology employed in estimating the impacts is described.

None

1981-12-22

481

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting research and development (R&D) on the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design concept for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project. The reactor design will be a graphite moderated, thermal neutron spectrum reactor that will produce electricity and hydrogen in a highly efficient manner. The NGNP reactor core could be either a prismatic graphite block type core or a pebble bed core. Use of a liquid salt coolant is also being evaluated. The NGNP will use very high-burnup, low-enriched uranium, TRISO-coated fuel, and have a projected plant design service life of 60 years. The VHTR concept is considered to be the nearest-term reactor design that has the capability to efficiently produce hydrogen. The plant size, reactor thermal power, and core configuration will ensure passive decay heat removal without fuel damage or radioactive material releases during accidents. The objectives of the NGNP Project are to: Demonstrate a full-scale prototype VHTR that is commercially licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Demonstrate safe and economical nuclearassisted production of hydrogen and electricity. The DOE laboratories, led by the INL, will perform R&D that will be critical to the success of the NGNP, primarily in the areas of: High temperature gas reactor fuels behavior High temperature materials qualification Design methods development and validation Hydrogen production technologies Energy conversion. The current R&D work is addressing fundamental issues that are relevant to a variety of possible NGNP designs. This document describes the NGNP R&D planned and currently underway in the first three topic areas listed above. The NGNP Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) Fuel Development and Qualification Program is presented in Section 2, the NGNP Materials R&D Program Plan is presented in Section 3, and the NGNP Design Methods Development and Validation R&D Program is presented in Section 4. The DOE-funded hydrogen production [DOE 2004] and energy conversion technologies programs are described elsewhere.

P. E. MacDonald

2005-01-01

482

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Research and Development Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting research and development (R&D) on the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design concept for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project. The reactor design will be a graphite moderated, thermal neutron spectrum reactor that will produce electricity and hydrogen in a highly efficient manner. The NGNP reactor core could be either a prismatic graphite block type core or a pebble bed core. Use of a liquid salt coolant is also being evaluated. The NGNP will use very high-burnup, low-enriched uranium, TRISO-coated fuel, and have a projected plant design service life of 60 years. The VHTR concept is considered to be the nearest-term reactor design that has the capability to efficiently produce hydrogen. The plant size, reactor thermal power, and core configuration will ensure passive decay heat removal without fuel damage or radioactive material releases during accidents. The objectives of the NGNP Project are to: (1) Demonstrate a full-scale prototype VHTR that is commercially licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (2) Demonstrate safe and economical nuclear-assisted production of hydrogen and electricity. The DOE laboratories, led by the INL, will perform R&D that will be critical to the success of the NGNP, primarily in the areas of: (1) High temperature gas reactor fuels behavior; (2) High temperature materials qualification; (3) Design methods development and validation; (4) Hydrogen production technologies; and (5) Energy conversion. The current R&D work is addressing fundamental issues that are relevant to a variety of possible NGNP designs. This document describes the NGNP R&D planned and currently underway in the first three topic areas listed above. The NGNP Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) Fuel Development and Qualification Program is presented in Section 2, the NGNP Materials R&D Program Plan is presented in Section 3, and the NGNP Design Methods Development and Validation R&D Program is presented in Section 4. The DOE-funded hydrogen production [DOE 2004] and energy conversion technologies programs are described elsewhere.

None

2005-01-01

483

Oil export policy and economic development in OPEC  

SciTech Connect

During the 1970s, members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) increased the price of their oil exports by 2000% in nominal terms. The ability of OPEC countries to increase the economic and other benefits they drew from each barrel of oil was a familiar theme of that decade. However, recent developments in the world oil market may not be so encouraging for OPEC. From 1979 to 1983, demand for OPEC crude oil decreased by almost 45%, or from 30.9 to 17.5 million barrels per day (mbd). Despite this dramatic decrease, the news on the price front has not so far been that bad for OPEC. The average OPEC oil price, which had increased from $1.80/bbl (barrel) in 1970 to $36/bbl by 1980, declined to $29/bbl by 1983. OPEC has thus defied many experts by managing to avoid a price collapse. Not surprisingly, these developments have raised arguments about the nature of OPEC and how it operates. OPEC has been characterized variously as a very tight cartel and as a loose and ineffectual organization. This paper tries to shed some light on OPEC, and especially on how the economic development objectives of influential OPEC members affect their oil policies.

Aperjis, D.G.

1984-01-01

484

The Fed Today: Lesson Plans and Activities for Economics, Government, and History Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most educators agree that the story of the evolution of money and banking in the United States includes many historical events that have been crucial to the nation's development. This collection of materials consists of a video, a related brochure, and a series of lesson plans about the Federal Reserve. The video provides a 14-minute introduction…

Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.

485

Pollution prevention and its role in sustainable economic development  

SciTech Connect

The recent United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was the largest gathering of governments and heads of states to date. This paper describes the preparatory process for this meeting as well as the recommendations of UNCED. This Conference was essentially about changing behavior -- specifically economic behavior. The implications of sustainable development was among the subjects explored during the 9th World Clean Air Congress in Montreal in September 1992. At a plenary session on the topic, Professor de Lemos, President of Brazil's UNEP Institute, reported on the 1992 UNCED Conference and what it revealed about the impact of business, poverty, and population on the goals of sustainable development. His remarks are included in the article. 8 refs.

Mattos, de Lemos, H. (Federal Univ. of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

1992-12-01

486

Learning to Plan, Planning to Learn: The Developing Expertise of Beginning Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning how to plan is recognised as a key skill that beginning teachers have to develop but there has been little research examining "how" they may actually learn to plan. This paper, based on the analysis of 10 post-lesson interviews with 17 secondary school teachers across three years (the PGCE year and the first two years in teaching) focuses…

Mutton, Trevor; Hagger, Hazel; Burn, Katharine

2011-01-01

487

Child Development Is Economic Development. A Conversation with Economist Art Rolnick. Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public dollars spent to stimulate economic development would be more wisely invested in child development programs, according to two different streams of research. Brain research shows the impact of experiences and environments on the developing brain architecture, with weaker architecture leading to increased vulnerability to later problems…

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2006

2006-01-01

488

Utility planning implications of efficient electric cooking in a developing country: Case of Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine implications of electric cooking as a demand-side management (DSM) option for power development plans, as well as emission of pollutants, for the predominantly hydroelectric utility of Nepal. Options considered include seasonal and year-round electric cooking with high- and low-efficiency appliances. For both types of appliances, seasonal electric cooking is economically and environmentally attractive. However, substantial reductions in electricity

Ram M. Shrestha; Gopal B. Bhattarai

1995-01-01

489

76 FR 64364 - Order of Succession for the Office of Community Planning and Development  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...the Office of Community Planning and Development AGENCY...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, including...Department of Housing and Urban Development Act, 42...Secretary for Community Planning and Development....

2011-10-18

490

TRAC code development status and plans  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the characteristics and current status of the TRAC-PF1/MOD1 computer code. Recent error corrections and user-convenience features are described, and several user enhancements are identified. Current plans for the release of the TRAC-PF1/MOD2 computer code and some preliminary MOD2 results are presented. This new version of the TRAC code implements stability-enhancing two-step numerics into the 3-D vessel, using partial vectorization to obtain a code that has run 400% faster than the MOD1 code.

Spore, J.W.; Liles, D.R.; Nelson, R.A.; Dotson, P.J.; Steinke, R.G.; Knight, T.D.; Henninger, R.J.; Martinez, V.; Jenks, R.P.; Cappiello, M.W.

1986-01-01

491

Human Resource Development Planning Based on Accreditation Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a preliminary human resource development plan for the radiography program sponsored by Lincoln Land Community College (Illinois). The plan is based on the "Essentials and Guidelines of an Accredited Program for the Radiographer," initially adopted in 1944, and most recently revised in 1990, it involves the integration of…

Dowd, Steven B.

492

Adult Basic Skills: Developing a Local Action Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents advice from the United Kingdom's Basic Skills Agency regarding developing local action plans. The first 20% of the document defines basic skills and discusses the following action plan components: (1) an estimate of the area's need for basic skills training; (2) a target to reduce the area's estimated scale of need; (3)…

Basic Skills Agency, London (England).

493

The Development of Kidney Stone Dietary Plans for Patient Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently patient education programs and urology practices provide individuals with "lists of foods to avoid" for dietary management of kidney stones. However, "planned diets" that include daily meal plans and recipes provide structure and specificity for diet management and are preferred by many individuals. This article describes the development

Dennison, Darwin; Mayo, M. Leah; Abraham, Victor E.

2011-01-01

494

LONG RANGE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR HONOLULU COMMUNITY COLLEGE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LONG RANGE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR HONOLULU COMMUNITY COLLEGE DESCRIBES VERY BRIEFLY A WIDE RANGE OF TOPICS AS FOLLOWS--(1) SITE CONDITIONS--VICINITY MAP, PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS, ZONING AND LAND USE, ASSESSED VALUATIONS, TRAFFIC ANALYSIS, (2) EXISTING CAMPUS--TYPE, AGE AND CONDITION OF NEIGHBORHOOD AND CAMPUS STRUCTURES, CAMPUS PLAN, CAMPUS…

KILIAN, OTTO H.

495

Planning for Public Schools--Infrastructure Fee and Developer Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposition 13 and other legislation have adversely affected finances available for school planning. Suggested solutions included early involvement of development teams with community and district planning staffs and the use of advisory committees and professional private-sector research consulting firms. (MLF)

Kirschenstein, Joel

1980-01-01

496

Program plan for development of underground hydroelectric pumped storage technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Underground Hydroelectric Pumped Storage (UHPS) Program Plan describes in detail the planned activities and expected accomplishments in the conduct of UHPS technology development and validation envisioned in the 1976 to 1990 time frame. This document describes the program objectives, implementation strategy, and management methodology. The concept of underground hydroelectric pumped storage is fully directed to application in the electric

L. G. Lewis; N. F. Sather

1976-01-01

497

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development  

E-print Network

Power Planning and Fish and Wildlife Program Development RELATIONSHIP OF THE POWER PLAN TO THE FISH AND WILDLIFE PROGRAM: SUFFICIENT RESOURCES TO MEET ELECTRICITY DEMANDS AND THE REQUIREMENTS FOR FISH and to accommodate system operations to benefit fish and wildlife. The central purpose of this chapter of the power

498

Action plan for wind energy development in the Canary Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the objectives, aims and methodology employed within the framework of the Action Plan for the Development of Wind Energy in the Canarian Archipelago (Spanish title: CANARIAS EÓLICA 2000 or CE2000). A description is also given of the work undertaken and the results that have been achieved. The Action Plan was formulated in 1987 and four Action Areas

R. Calero; J. A. Carta

2004-01-01

499

California State University Long Beach Employee Professional Learning & Development Plan  

E-print Network

consult with Staff Human Resources to determine the length and assessment periods of the plan. The length and Instructions A Professional Learning & Development Plan can be utilized to provide an employee with career an employee is required to learn new skills that are substantive and essential to his or her current position

Sorin, Eric J.

500

Innovative Stormwater Management in New Development: Planning Case Study1  

E-print Network

the general goals of the City of Orlando Urban Stormwater Management Manual (OUSWMM). CDM, workingA-1 Appendix Innovative Stormwater Management in New Development: Planning Case Study1 Brian W International Airport as shown in Figure A-1. Outlined in the Growth Management Plan Southeast Annexation Study

Pitt, Robert E.