Note: This page contains sample records for the topic economic development plans from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Overall Economic Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Overall Economic Development Program for the Fourth Planning and Development District Commission is the documentation of proposals considered necessary for economic development. It provides rationale to support a request for official recognition as an...

1974-01-01

2

Energy planning for economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years San Francisco has conducted a number of major energy management programs. Many of these programs have in common the idea that efficiency improvements in energy use by the community will lead to wider economic benefits. The present project, undertaken with the support of the Urban Consortium Energy Task Force, examines this idea of economic benefit in greater

T. OSullivan; R. Engel; C. Broomhead

1989-01-01

3

The planning – policy connection in US and Canadian economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evidence regarding the extent of planning for local economic development decisions is mixed, and there is a general dearth of studies that examine whether rational planning is tied to policy choices in any systematic way. The research reported here rests on two premises. The first is the simple assumption that for planning to play an integral part in the

Laura A Reese

2006-01-01

4

Urban planning, housing and the socio-economic development of women in a developing country  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper identifies aspects of housing and urban development legislation that inhibit the socio-economic progress of women in Cameroon. Three components of the legislation, namely the urban master plan, the land use decree and the building control ordinance are shown to imbibe elements that are overtly biased against women. Measures deemed capable of making housing and urban development policy outcomes

Ambe J. Njoh

1998-01-01

5

Rescaling of Planning and Its Interface with Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the installation of a UK Coalition Government in 2010, ways of governing the spatial organization of development have undergone far-reaching change in England. Within a context of austerity following the abolition of regional policy machinery, and an onerous national target framework, localities are entering a new phase of incentivized development. Consequently, local planning authorities are having to transfer part

Lee Pugalis; Alan Townsend

2012-01-01

6

Exploring Gap Analysis to Evaluate Participant Satisfaction of Economic Development Planning Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the role of expectations on participant satisfaction of economic development planning programs. The marketing literature has established that satisfaction is a function of experiences meeting or exceeding expectations. This concept has been operationalized as \\

Michael F. Walsh; Peter V. Schaeffer

7

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN THE MBASHE LOCAL MUNICIPAL AREA IN THE EASTERN CAPE: A CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning for economic development at the local level has become increasingly important in many countries of the world. South Africa is no exception and has had the local focus entrenched through constitutional provisions for developmental local government. In this paper, the Mbashe Local Municipal area is used as a case study for an examination of the linkages between economic development

John Reynolds

8

Economic Base Analysis. General Development Plan Girard, Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The city of Girard, Ohio, as part of the Youngstown Warren SMSA, has the role of a satellite community, with its major function of an employment supplier for the industrial activity within the Mahoning Valley. Economic sources were derived from local stat...

E. G. McLean

1971-01-01

9

A Plan for Economic Development in the State of Illinois--An Educator's Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need for the State of Illinois to create and implement a comprehensive plan for economic development has never been greater. The revitalization of the economy of the state can only be achieved through the implementation of a series of strategies designed to facilitate the restructuring of the economy to accommodate a 50 percent change of the…

Harris, E. Edward

10

The Economics of Inequality in Education. Studies in Economic Development and Planning, No. 44.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the various economic facets of inequality in education in India. The specific focus is on inter-group inequalities, such as inequality between males and females and between backward and advanced castes. It is hypothesized that returns to education accrue differently to different groups of population and…

Tilak, Jandhyala B. G.

11

ICT, Education Transformation, and Economic Development: An Analysis of the US National Educational Technology Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In support of the conclusions and recommendations in the National Education Technology Plan (NETP), this article makes explicit the connections between the economic rationale used in the plan and the educational transformations it recommends. The article reviews macroeconomic research, microeconomic research, labor market and workforce studies,…

Kozma, Robert B.

2011-01-01

12

Community Economic Development Strategic Planning for Rural Communities: A Case Study of Successful Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose of Study Since their inception university cooperative extension services in the United States have been engaged in planning and organizing for development in rural communities. With the rise of strategic planning, extension services began a more formal use of the concepts and tools of strategic thinking and management in their educational programming. Recognizing the need for strategic planning, universities

John Preissing

13

Economic, social, and environmental sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In ten years, more than half the world's population will be living in cities. The United Nations (UN) has stated that this will threaten cities with social conflict, environmental degradation and the collapse of basic services. The economic, social, and environmental planning practices of societies embodying ‘urban sustainability’ have been proposed as antidotes to these negative urban trends. ‘Urban sustainability’

A. D. Basiago

1998-01-01

14

Note: Evaluating Community Economic Development Planning Programs with a Small Number of Participants: A Non-Parametric Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researchers and practitioners agree that evaluation of economic development planning programs is important, although the perspectives on the approaches, methods, and use of results vary widely. Confounding the issue are cases in which development programs have a small number of participants and typical measures such as parametric statistics are not valid. The alternate evaluation technique presented here uses a

Rhonda Phillips

2002-01-01

15

INNOVATIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communities faced with the challenge of attracting and retaining industrial and commercial businesses to increase economic development can increase their effectiveness and decision making processes through the use of GIS and 3D visualization. The ability to communicate visually proposed plans for developments, determine the potential visual impact on surrounding areas, and educate the public about how these proposed developments appear

Robert Montgomery

16

Bioenergy and economic development  

SciTech Connect

Bioenergy, a promising alternative for developing countries, is already a key resource (in the form of fuelwood, for example) in millions of households around the world. In this book, William Ramsay details the characteristics of a wide variety of bioenergy crops and discusses planning for bioenergy development, emphasising its economic, social, and political aspects. He also analyses how general cost trends, credit problems, and the pricing of alternative fuels affect the viability of various bioenergy options. Concluding with a discussion of how energy and national economic development planning can be coordinated, he argues that some kind of durable national or regional commitment to bioenergy programs is vital if bioenergy is to become a successful modern alternative to fuel and play a key role in the economic development process.

Ramsay, W.

1985-01-01

17

The hidden link: Energy and economic development: Phase 1, strategic planning: A guidebook for local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This guidebook is organized in four major chapters. Chapter 1 examines the linkages between energy management and economic development on national and local levels. It discusses the multiplier effect of energy conservation and the effects of energy costs on the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. A discussion of other insidious effects of energy costs, such as building abandonment, is also

R. W. Zelinski; D. Rooney

1987-01-01

18

The Economics, Planning, and Organization of Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economics of culture is a component part of the USSR national economic complex. The rates and proportions of development of culture and the material, labor, and monetary resources required for the growth of culture are determined in accordance with the requirements of the law of planned, proportional development of the national economy. Based on the targets established by the

N. Mokhov

1981-01-01

19

Master Plan, Economic Development Project: Multicultural Career Intern Program Food Mall/Cafeteria.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This feasibility study examined the development of a food mall/cafeteria. The study's goals were to (1) prepare a master plan for the design, construction, financing, and operation of the facility, which involved students, out-of-school youth, and under- ...

1995-01-01

20

Environmental management and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents include: environmental management and economic policy in developing countries; environmental and natural resource accounting; marginal opportunity cost as a planning concept in natural resource management; the environmental basis of sustainable development; economic incentives for sustainable production; deforestation in Brazil's Amazon region: magnitude, rate, and causes; an economic justification for rural afforestation: the case of Ethiopia; managing the supply of

G. Schramm; J. J. Warford

1989-01-01

21

Environmental Management and Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Environmental management and economic policy in developing countries; Environmental and natural resource accounting; Marginal opportunity cost as a planning concept in natural resource management; The environmental basis of sustainable developme...

G. Schramm J. J. Warford

1989-01-01

22

Asset Mapping: A Useful Methodology to Plan Systematically Extension Programs for Sustainable Rural Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this paper is to describe and empirically demonstrate the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) tools in an innovative asset-mapping methodology. GIS asset-mapping methods and tools can help extension personnel in program planning and in assisting farmers in determining comparative advantage for different value-added products within their respective communities. This type of analysis allows farmers and

Burton E. Swanson; Mohamed M. Samy

23

Rethinking Community Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors present arguments for a more interdisciplinary approach to community economic development. Building an alternative paradigm that includes six elements—resources, markets, institutions, society, decision making, and space—they rethink the framework that links economic theory to the practice of community economic development. Major attention is paid to the integration of economic and noneconomic factors in the practice

Ron Shaffer; Steve Deller; Dave Marcouiller

2006-01-01

24

Environmental management and economic development  

SciTech Connect

Contents include: environmental management and economic policy in developing countries; environmental and natural resource accounting; marginal opportunity cost as a planning concept in natural resource management; the environmental basis of sustainable development; economic incentives for sustainable production; deforestation in Brazil's Amazon region: magnitude, rate, and causes; an economic justification for rural afforestation: the case of Ethiopia; managing the supply of and demand for fuelwood in Africa; economic aspects of afforestation and soil-conservation projects; multilevel resource analysis and management: the case of watersheds.

Schramm, G.; Warford, J.J.

1989-01-01

25

Rational Economic-Social Planning Based on Needs Determination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A project was initiated by the Department of Human Resources in Long Beach, Calif., to guide the development of the city's human resource plan. The project was titled Rational Economic - Social Planning based on Needs Determination (RESPOND). A problem - ...

P. Pflaum P. Levine M. McClelland M. McDonald S. Weinberger

1978-01-01

26

Culture and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter begins by noting that culture as an element in economic development in the Third World has been largely neglected in traditional development economics, most writers either seeing culture as an obstacle to development or ignoring it altogether. Recently a shift in thinking has occurred whereby culture is now more widely seen as being more central to the development

Paul Streeten

27

Curriculum Development in Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book reproduces sixteen papers on recent developments in economics curriculum in Britain. The papers, presented and examined at a two-day conference at the University of Manchester in January, 1973, offer a comprehensive look at the current state of economic education and research. Directed to economics teachers and curriculum specialists,…

Whitehead, David, Ed.

28

Economic Development and Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy-based economic development (EBED) can provide economic, social, and environmental benefits, such as job creation, industry development, and alternative energy deployment. The United States has recently devoted substantial financial support to EBED efforts. Although early assessments of these efforts are promising, the discipline is at risk of becoming compromised or discredited. It lacks a basic framework, common definitions, and clear

Sanya Carley; Adrienne Brown; Sara Lawrence

2012-01-01

29

Globalization and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Countries engaged actively in globalization have experienced phenomenal changes in economic, social, cultural, political, and technological progress. Some countries have benefited significantly from greater integration, while others have held globalization accountable for their economic failure and instability. Globalization introduces new political and social challenges. Benefiting from globalization requires complementary institutions and social development to deal with the changes and risks

Ming Yu Cheng; Ron Mittelhammer

2008-01-01

30

An energy master plan for transportation sector development: A case study for Iran with techno-economic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation sectors in developing countries suffer from some diseases that one of them is ever-increasing energy consumption. Integrated National Energy Planning (INEP) in transportation sector is a solution for these countries to alter their suboptimal pattern and rationalize their energy consumption. One of the INEP targets is determining optimal patterns of fuels and transportation technologies to satisfy future demand of

Mehdi Sadeghi; Hossein Mirshojaeian Hosseini; Reza Jafarabady

31

Program Memorandum: Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Program Memorandum discusses the major program, Economic Development. The overall objective of the program is to assist in maintaining the state's economy in a strong and competitive condition by providing policies, operations, facilities, services, a...

1977-01-01

32

International Economic Development Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the International Economic Development Council (IEDC), was created through the merger of existing economic development organizations, effectively creating the nation's largest association working in this realm of public policy. The IEDC's mission is "to provide leadership and excellence in economic development for our communities, members and partners to build economically strong, sustainable communities." While some of the online materials are available only to association members, there is a good deal of material that may be accessed by the general public. Through the online resource center, visitors may access such materials as the Economic Developer's Reference Guide (which provides an overview of such key topics as tourism, venture capital, and empowerment zones) and an overview of ongoing legislative matters that may impact the landscape of economic development. Finally, the site is rounded out by an excellent section dedicated to brownfields redevelopment, which includes a general manual of redevelopment techniques and links to external websites, such as those offered by the Environmental Protection Agency.

33

The Planned Economies and International Economic Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 1991 book was the first comprehensive study of the role of socialist countries within the international economic order. The author presents an overview of the emergence of the postwar economic order and examines the key features of three kinds of centrally planned economies. He then analyses the role of financial frameworks and the international trade system in ensuring smooth

Jozef M. Brabant

34

A Command Economic System. Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lesson plan features a classroom simulation that helps students understand a command economic system. The lesson plan states a purpose; gives student educational objectives; suggests a time duration for the activity; lists materials needed; and outlines a step-by-step teaching procedure. Instructions for a research and writing homework…

Owens, Kimberly

35

Economic Development: Problems and Potential.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was conducted for the Lower Pioneer Valley Regional Planning Commission to provide further insights into economic characteristics, problems and potential for growth within the region. (Author)

R. J. Plattner

1970-01-01

36

Democracy and economic development.  

PubMed

This discussion explains why democracy as is generally understood may not be suitable to meet the challenges of a developing economy and how democratic institutions generally fail to respond to the immediate demands of a population impatient to raise its level of living. It defines the terms economic development and democracy, reviews some theoretical models of democracy which have been proposed in economic theory, proposes an approach to the process of economic development, and considers problems of development. Economic development is a process which calls for huge investments in personnel and material. Such investment programs imply cuts in current consumption that would be painful at the low levels of living that exist in almost all developing societies. Governments need to resort to strong measures, and they must enforce them vigorously in order to marshal the surpluses required for investment. If such measures were put to a popular vote, they would certainly be defeated. Mainstream economic theory assumes the virtues of a market system and the decisions arrived at by the interaction of market forces. This is the economic equivalent of democracy. Yet, mainstream economic theory devotes little attention to the conditions under which a market system generates a just solution. The democratic developing countries have all inherited a class society, with a highly skewed distribution of income. The wealthy minority often seeks to preserve its privileged position and to enjoy the benefits of development. It even seeks the help of the judiciary to preserve the sanctity of private property and to assure that its patterns of conspicuous consumption can continue. This is done in the name of democratic rights. Many developing societies are burdened with outmoded traditions and value systems that are incompatible with the production relations of the new society they hope to achieve. The international exchange of resources is believed by some to be an attempt to control the pace and character of development so that the economic colonization will survive. To end such unfavorable conditions for development, 3rd world governments must demand greater sacrifices from their citizens, and this cannot be achieved by normal democratic means. Recent events in several developing nations illustrate this point. PMID:12340151

Rao, V

1985-01-01

37

Methodological Problems in Forecasting Economic Development and Technical Progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under socialism, scientific forecasting is a necessary stage in the process of national economic planning. It is called upon to determine, in the stage preceding the plan, possible variants of technical, economic, and social development in the long run, the knowledge of which makes it possible to proceed to the preparation of state national economic plans. In the forecasting process,

L. Berri

1970-01-01

38

[Grasping economic reform and family planning simultaneously].  

PubMed

This report aims at proposing ways the Chinese government can raise productivity levels and living standards while promoting the objectives of family planning. During the 1970's, family planning was heavily emphasized. Every factory, commune, and government agency had a specialized group of personnel responsible for family planning. Since the time of economic reform, this group has been vastly minimized because of the central government's demands for reduction of "unproductive" personnel. Thus, with economic reform came a sizeable obstacle to the family planning campaign. The report takes Hong Lai County as an example of recent undertakings to balance the new reforms and the family planning objectives. Hong Lai County, one of the poorest counties in the Sichuan Province, located in western central Chna, has seen a growth in GNP of 100% since the economic reform of 1979. At the same time, the government of the county has had to work extremely hard to promote family planning, especially in rural areas where these objectives are more difficult to reinforce. The county government, in an effort to encourage these objectives, has set up programs of compensation in the form of special allowances and bonuses. Moreover, eucational programs have proven effective in this area. The report indicates that much success has been achieved in the areas of education through promotional campaigns and vocational training which have, in turn, increased productivity levels and living standards. PMID:12159346

Hou, W

1985-07-29

39

Training Programs in Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes courses offered under a training program developed by the Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, and the Industrial Development Division, Georgia Institute of Technology, for staffs of economic development d...

R. B. Cassell

1971-01-01

40

Coordination of the National Economic Plans of the Socialist Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

>p>The greatest advantage of the socialist economic system is its planned character of economic development. This has been brilliantly confirmed by the USSR's record of more than 40 years of building socialism and communism and by the experience which the People's Democracies have gained in socialist construction.>\\/p>>p>With the establiehment of public ownership of the means of production the law of

B. Miroshnichenko

1960-01-01

41

Applying Behavioral Ecology and Behavioral Economics to Conservation and Development Planning: An Example from the Mikea Forest, Madagascar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments and non-govermental organizations (NGOs) that plan projects to conserve the environment and alleviate poverty\\u000a often attempt to modify rural livelihoods by halting activities they judge to be destructive or inefficient and encouraging\\u000a alternatives. Project planners typically do so without understanding how rural people themselves judge the value of their\\u000a activities. When the alternatives planners recommend do not replace the

Bram Tucker

2007-01-01

42

Individual Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website outlines a planning process to help postdocs identify their short- and long-term career and professional development goals and serves as a tool to facilitate communication about these goals between postdocs and their mentors. It also contains a model for conducting an annual review of training and professional progress and establishing a research and training plan for the future.

2012-01-04

43

Western Economic Developments: May 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FRB San Francisco's bi-monthly publication Western Economic Developments summarizes economic growth and development in the Twelfth District. The economy remained strong throughout the first quarter of 2000, with an employment growth rate of 2.5 percent annually. California's economic growth rate was especially high, due to "usually rapid growth of income and consumer spending."

44

Property Rights and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter develops a unified analytical framework, drawing on and extending the existing literature on the subject, for studying the role of property rights in economic development. It addresses two fundamental and related questions concerning the relationship between property rights and economic activity. (i) What are the mechanisms through which property rights affect economic activity? (ii) What are the determinants

Timothy Besley; Maitreesh Ghatak

2010-01-01

45

A Model of Soviet-Type Economic Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year, planning agencies in the Soviet Union construct an annual eco- nomic plan for the calendar year that fol- lows. The annual plan is an important element in the Soviet schema for achieving long-term economic growth. Goals of less detailed long-range plans must be con- sidered in the design of the annual plan. Furthermore, the plan is supposed to

Michael Manove

1971-01-01

46

Application of Artificial Intelligence Techniques to Economic Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relevance of computer science to economic planning is defended. An algo- rithm for constructing a balanced economic plan is presented and found to be of time order Nlog(N) in the complexity of the economy. The time taken to perform a complete plan optimization in natural units for a whole economy is estimated. Plans and computational costs This is a

PAUL COCKSHOTT

47

Development of Economic House Types Based Upon Passive Solar Energy Utilization and Energy Conservation for High Density Urban Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project develops house types and their corresponding nesting patterns for high density, low-rise urban neighborhoods having the following characteristics: utilizing the sun for warming in winter, self-cooling in summer, energy conserving, low building...

1980-01-01

48

Socio-Economic and Communication Indicators in Development Planning: A Case Study of Iran. Communication and Society 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examination of the social development of Iran reveals that quantitative leaps in the growth of traditional communication indicators, such as the mass media, did not necessarily mean growth in the social communication system as a whole. The intrinsic communication needs of modern Iranians for identity, legitimacy, and community have remained…

Tehranian, Majid

49

Further Improvement of Economic Planning Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

A little over three years have passed since the Seventh Session of the USSR Supreme Soviet adopted the Law on the Further Improvement of Industrial and Construction Management. The successes achieved during this brief period of time in every sphere of economic development show that the reorganization has created new opportunities for the constructive efforts of the Soviet people, for

I. Maevskii; A. Fomin

1961-01-01

50

SCIENCE, RELIGION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The correlations between scientometric indices, macroeco- nomic variables and results from attitude polls in different countries were explored. The results show that a minimum threshold of economic development (around GDP per capita of 1000US$) is required for science and the economy of a country to interact. Above that threshold, a positive interaction can be observed between economic development, scientific

Klaus Jaffe

2005-01-01

51

Individual Development Plan Worksheet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This individual development plan (IDP) worksheet helps the individual identify scientific career paths that match their scientific skills, values, and interests. Once a career path is selected, individuals can use this worksheet to set personal goals, conduct information interviews, and explore additional career resources.

Jennifer A Hobin (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology); Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin)

2011-04-13

52

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 ...7 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...PLANNING INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2010-01-01

53

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 ...7 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...PLANNING INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2009-01-01

54

Frontiers and sustainable economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploiting new resource “frontiers,” such as agricultural land and mineral reserves, is a fundamental feature of economic\\u000a development in poor economies. Yet frontier-based development is symptomatic of a pattern of economy-wide resource exploitation\\u000a in developing economies that: (a) generates little additional economic rents, and (b) what rents are generated are not being\\u000a reinvested in other sectors. Such development is inherently

Edward B. Barbier

2007-01-01

55

Economic Planning Models for India in the 1960s  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the 1960s two major linear programming models were constructed to provide guidance for planning the economic development\\u000a of India. These multi-sectoral, multiperiod models, although modest in size compared to present linear programming applications,\\u000a were regarded as large according to the standards and computing capabilities of that time. We review the experiences with\\u000a these two applications and discuss how they

Donald Erlenkotter

56

Guidelines for Analysis of Environmental Health Planning in Developing Countries. Volume 2: Environmental Health Planning. International Health Planning Methods Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to assist Agency for International Development (AID) officers, advisors, and health officials in incorporating health planning into national plans for economic development, this second of ten manuals in the International Health Planning Methods Series deals with assessment, planning, and evaluation in the field of environmental health.…

Fraser, Renee White; Shani, Hadasa

57

Industrial policy and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Over the past two decades, the slowdown in global economic growth has posed a singularly daunting task for national policy\\u000a makers throughout a wide range of countries at different levels of economic development, with greatly varying national resource\\u000a endowments, disparate economic organization, and a wide range of aspirations. As discussed, many policy makers in the 1970s\\u000a enthusiastically began to advocate

Josef M. Brabant

58

The Politics of Planning: The Debate on Economic Planning in Britain in the 1930s  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of `economic planning' was a central theme of the radical economic policy debate in the 1930s. Born of the inter-war economic crisis, the call for the reconstruction of the economy according to a `plan' of one kind or another spanned practically the entire spectrum of the politics of the day. The fashion for planning is often seen as

Daniel Ritschel

59

Area development plan of the geothermal potential in planning region 8, Roosevelt - Custer area  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal resource data, the Roosevelt-Custer Region development plan, and energy, economic, and institutional considerations are presented. Environmental considerations and water availability are discussed. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01

60

Economic Development Action Program, Southern West Virginia, Economic Development District.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the results of a twelve month program of technical assistance to help southern West Virginia implement certain key aspects of its overall economic development program. Two major subject areas comprised the scope of the project. These w...

1969-01-01

61

Economic Development and Women's Empowerment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the relationship between economic development, cultural background, and women's empowerment in eight countries of South Asia and South East Asia. The data are from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), the Penn World Tables, and the ILO's Key Indicators of Labour Market (KILM.) of the 1990s and 2000s. Women's empowerment indicators studied are economic participation rate, educational

Sanjukta Chaudhuri

62

FE: Aspects of Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents national and international perspectives on the role of further education (FE) in economic development in the United Kingdom and elsewhere. Throughout the papers, special attention is paid to the need to reassess FE and its role as service provider, stakeholder, and strategic partner in view of the following social and economic

James, Simon, Ed.

1998-01-01

63

Economic Development in Mongolia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mongolian economy has evolved rapidly in recent decades. It has a number of particular features which makes it interesting to study from a development perspective. One is the landlocked condition which limits its development potential. Another is its high dependence on a few products and natural resources like minerals, energy and agriculture. A third is the large scale of its

Erkhemchimeg Byambasuren; Almas Heshmati

2010-01-01

64

Conservation and economic development  

SciTech Connect

This oral presentation is about the Espanola Power Savers Project which involves both the utility and for the community. I'm going to spend much of my time today discussing why this project makes sense for the community, but I would like to start with a brief word about why community-based conservation makes sense for utilities. A number of reasons are listed to show why conservation is today's energy resource of choice. But if, for a moment, we take that as a given and ask why community-based conservation programs are the right way to develop that resource, the answer is simple: They work

Sullivan, M.J.

1992-05-01

65

Conservation and economic development  

SciTech Connect

This oral presentation is about the Espanola Power Savers Project which involves both the utility and for the community. I`m going to spend much of my time today discussing why this project makes sense for the community, but I would like to start with a brief word about why community-based conservation makes sense for utilities. A number of reasons are listed to show why conservation is today`s energy resource of choice. But if, for a moment, we take that as a given and ask why community-based conservation programs are the right way to develop that resource, the answer is simple: They work!

Sullivan, M.J.

1992-05-01

66

Stafford, Texas, Comprehensive Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The plan reports existing characteristics and makes proposals for coordinating future developments for each of the principal urban development components. The Report has been designed to aid the City with a Planning and Decision Making Process and include...

1971-01-01

67

Old Money: Economic History of St. Augustine. Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To better understand the economic aspects of early Florida and to gain an understanding of the continuity of history and economics, students analyze the economic origins and evolution of St. Augustine, Florida, the oldest city in the United States. This lesson plan involves taking the students on a field trip to St. Augustine where they form…

Glaser, Tom W.

68

75 FR 39730 - Tribal Economic Development Bonds  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Tribal Economic Development Bonds AGENCY: Department...Tribal Governments regarding the Tribal Economic Development Bond provision in Section...tribal governments, known as ``Tribal Economic Development Bonds,'' under...

2010-07-12

69

Industrial development planning models with economies of scale and indivisibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the field of industrial planning and planning for economic development, models for the preparation of consistent plans involving several sectors or industries have for some time been widely used. Examples of techniques used for consistency planning are methods based on national-income accounts, inputoutput models and material balance techniques. The construction of models for making efficient choices between the many

Thomas Vietorisz

1964-01-01

70

GUIDANCE AVAILABLE FOR LANDFILLING WASTE IN ECONOMICALLY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper provides a brief summary of a report that offers guidance on all aspects of the planning, design, and implementation of landfills in economically developing countries. The intended audience includes municipal officials, solid waste managers, engineers, and planners. T...

71

Plan-94. Elkraft's anlaegsplan. (Plan-94. Elkraft's development plan).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The plan of development for Elkraft, a Danish electricity company, is presented in detail. Emphasis is laid on internationalisation. Agreements on development with other countries such as a Baltic Cable from Sydkraft to PreussenElektra power companies are...

1994-01-01

72

Graphite Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This technology development plan is designed to provide a clear understanding of the research and development direction necessary for the qualification of nuclear grade graphite for use within the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) reactor. The NGNP will be a helium gas cooled Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) with a large graphite core. Graphite physically contains the fuel and comprises the majority of the core volume. Considerable effort will be required to ensure that the graphite performance is not compromised during operation. Based upon the perceived requirements the major data needs are outlined and justified from the perspective of reactor design, reatcor performance, or the reactor safety case. The path forward for technology development can then be easily determined for each data need. How the data will be obtained and the inter-relationships between the experimental and modeling activities will define the technology development for graphite R&D. Finally, the variables affecting this R&D program are discussed from a general perspective. Factors that can significantly affect the R&D program such as funding, schedules, available resources, multiple reactor designs, and graphite acquisition are analyzed.

W. Windes; T. Burchell; R. Bratton

2007-09-01

73

Innovation Capacity and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both China and India, the emerging giants in Asia, have achieved significant economic development in recent years. China has enjoyed a high annual GDP growth rate of 10 per cent and India has achieved an annual GDP growth rate of 6 per cent since 1981. Decomposing China and India's GDP growth from 1981 to 2004 into the three factors' contribution

Peilei Fan

2008-01-01

74

Economic Viability and Regional Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An area will be considered developed if all members of its population are able to earn as much as people of comparable ability elsewhere in the national economy, and if regional aggregate welfare is at a maximum. A region will be considered economically v...

S. S. Handel

1966-01-01

75

The economic consequences of reproductive health and family planning.  

PubMed

We consider the evidence for the effect of access to reproductive health services on the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, and 3, which aim to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, and promote gender equality and empower women. At the household level, controlled trials in Matlab, Bangladesh, and Navrongo, Ghana, have shown that increasing access to family planning services reduces fertility and improves birth spacing. In the Matlab study, findings from long-term follow-up showed that women's earnings, assets, and body-mass indexes, and children's schooling and body-mass indexes, substantially improved in areas with improved access to family planning services compared with outcomes in control areas. At the macroeconomic level, reductions in fertility enhance economic growth as a result of reduced youth dependency and an increased number of women participating in paid labour. PMID:22784535

Canning, David; Schultz, T Paul

2012-07-10

76

Test strategy planning using economic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will discuss the impact on testing of life-cycle costs and present an approach for minimizing the overall life-cycle costs of a product by selecting the most economic test strategy at each stage. The selection of test strategy is based on a detailed economic analysis of the different test techniques available.

I. D. Dear; Chryssa Dislis; Anthony P. Ambler; J. Dick

1994-01-01

77

A Conference Concerning Questions of Economic Planning in the Economic Administrative Regions of the North Caucasus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reorganization of the administration of industry and construction has influenced the character of scientific research conducted in institutes of economics and universities. At the present time, an important task lies before departments of economics: to provide active assistance to economic councils in solving vital problems of production. Above all, this concerns the actualization of current and long-range planning.

A. Chernov

1958-01-01

78

The New Economic Development Role of the Community College  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Community,colleges have long been involved in workforce preparation and economic,development—in,the form of the occupational education of students. But in the last two decades, community colleges have greatly broadened their economic development role to include contract training, small-business incubation and assistance, and local economic planning. Contract training.Over 90 percent of community colleges offer contract training. Unlike traditional occupational education, contract

Kevin J. Dougherty; Marianne F. Bakia

79

Integrating regional economic development analysis and land use economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two largely separate literatures exist on regional economic development and land use economics. In this chapter, we argue that a full understanding of each of the two areas requires greater knowledge of their interrelationship. We review key studies of the two literatures, particularly those related to the close interconnectedness of regional economic development and land use. We contend that a

Mark D. Partridge; Dan S. Rickman

2012-01-01

80

The Design of Economic Acceptance Sampling Plans for a Mixture of Variables and Attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is developed for determining economical acceptance sampling plans where the characteristics of interest are a mixture of variables and attributes. The method uses a model which has been developed to represent the total expected cost per lot of exercising acceptance sampling. An optimum plan is found by minimizing the expected cost model with respect to the decision variables

R. H. Ailor; J. W. Schmidt Jr; G. K. Bennett

1975-01-01

81

Strengthen and Improve Economic Planning Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

A year's planning starts in spring. Today I am going to speak about how to persevere in keeping the planned economy primary and market regulation supplementary. I've already spoken about this at the discussion meeting of the first secretaries of provinces, autonomous regions, and centrally administered municipalities. The above principle must be followed after the institution of production responsibility systems

Chen Yun

1993-01-01

82

The welfare economics of land use planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an empirical methodology for the evaluation of the benefits and costs of land use planning. The technique is applied in the context of the Town and Country Planning System of the UK, and examines the gross and net benefits of land use regulation and their distribution across income groups. The results show that the welfare and distributional

Paul Cheshire; Stephen Sheppard

2002-01-01

83

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

84

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)|

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

85

Planning Inequality: Social and Economic Spaces in National Spatial Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

While traces and techniques of power and contestation around the understanding and production of spaces are clearly recognized in the sociological and planning research literature, there has been little rigorous attention to how socio-spatial inequality is put at stake in strategic mobilization around particular spatial imaginaries. In an analysis of the German Spatial Planning Report, the paper examines how inequalities

Katharina Manderscheid; Tim Richardson

2011-01-01

86

Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Hanford 200 Areas Development Plan (Development Plan) is to guide the physical development of the 200 Areas (which refers to the 200 East Area, 200 West Area, and 200 Area Corridor, located between the 200 East and 200 West Areas) in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.lB (DOE 1991a) by performing the following: Establishing a land-use plan and setting land-use categories that meet the needs of existing and proposed activities. Coordinating existing, 5-year, and long-range development plans and guiding growth in accordance with those plans. Establishing development guidelines to encourage cost-effective development and minimize conflicts between adjacent activities. Identifying site development issues that need further analysis. Integrating program plans with development plans to ensure a logical progression of development. Coordinate DOE plans with other agencies [(i.e., Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)]. Being a support document to the Hanford Site Development Plan (DOE-RL 1990a) (parent document) and providing technical site information relative to the 200 Areas.

Rinne, C.A.; Daly, K.S.

1993-08-01

87

Westerly-Charlestown-Hopkinton-Richmond Economic Growth Center Planning Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report represents a 'planning' or 'before' study of the Westerly-Charlestown-Hopkinton-Richmond Economic Growth Center. The study is basically a demographic and economic picture of the growth center prior to the construction of the Westerly By-Pass De...

1972-01-01

88

Agriculture, population, and economic planning in Ethiopia, 1953-1980.  

PubMed

This paper deals with the economic development of Ethiopia in the 3 decades between 1950 and 1980. In particular, it examines governmental efforts at agricultural planning during this period compared to the actual experience of the country. The dominant forces governing the changes that occurred in this period were accelerated population growth and the declining availability of arable land, which combined to push a fragile, traditional ecosystem to the brink of disaster. Government planning efforts had little impact in the pre-1974 period, since they were too modest and small scale to affect the highly traditional and primitive mode of peasant cultivation. The sweeping structural changes introduced by the new regime since 1974 seem to have mainly adverse effects and to have decreased both productivity and yields. Ethiopia lacks the basic infrastructure and incentive system to create an environment in which technological change is possible. Presumably the declining agricultural growth rate from 1953 to 1974 suggests that the traditional, prerevolution system was failing to create these favorable conditions and hence was losing the race with population growth. The post-1974 revolutionary government's policy has been, in effect, an effort to jump to an advanced phase of agricultural development, and this seems to have been even less successful. These plans have, in all fairness, been hamstrung since 1981 by drought, famine, and civil war, but have probably themselves contributed to the severity of those events. Overall, Ethiopian agricultural planning has not been notably successful. From 1953-1980, total agricultural production is estimated to have grown at a slowly decreasing rate. The collapse of agriculture due to several years of drought obviously cannot be blamed on government planning, but its severity clearly has been at least partly a function of policy failures. PMID:12280692

Robinson, W C; Yamazaki, F

1986-04-01

89

Geothermal development plan: Yuma County  

SciTech Connect

The Yuma County Area Development Plan evaluated the county-wide market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified four potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 90/sup 0/C (194/sup 0/F), and in addition, two areas are inferred to contain geothermal resources with intermediate (90/sup 0/C to 150/sup 0/C, 194/sup 0/F to 300/sup 0/F) temperature potential. The resource areas are isolated, although one resource area is located near Yuma, Arizona. One resource site is inferred to contain a hot dry rock resource. Anticipated population growth in the county is expected to be 2 percent per year over the next 40 years. The primary employment sector is agriculture, though some light industry is located in the county. Water supplies are found to be adequate to support future growth without advese affect on agriculture. Six firms were found in Yuma County which may be able to utilize geothermal energy for process heat needs. In addition, several agricultural processors were found, concentrated in citrus processing and livestock raising. Geothermal energy utilization projections suggest that by the year 2000, geothermal energy may economically provide the energy equivalent of 53,000 barrels of oil per year to the industrial sector if developed privately. Geothermal utilization projections increase to 132,000 barrels of oil per year by 2000 if a municipal utility developed the resource.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

90

The Illinois Plan for Home Economics Education. A Curriculum Guide. Appendices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides additional information for teachers and administrators who are implementing the Illinois Plan for Home Economics Education by conducting the several exploratory/orientation courses developed in the curriculum. These six appendixes contain the following: (1) the Illinois Home Economics Sequential Program; (2) a comparison of…

Illinois State Univ., Normal. Dept. of Home Economics.

91

Economic Aspects in Landscape Decision-making: a Participatory Planning Tool based on a Representative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop a method for spatial decision support that combines economic efficiency – measured by the concept of willingness to pay – with a participatory planning tool, that allows for an active collaboration among the actors involved, in such a way that decision makers can draw on the outcomes in their spatial planning and design process. The

C. Martijn van der Heide; A. T. de Blaeij; Wim J. M. Heijman

2008-01-01

92

Continuous spatial modelling to analyse planning and economic consequences of offshore wind energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offshore wind resources appear abundant, but technological, economic and planning issues significantly reduce the theoretical potential. While massive investments are anticipated and planners and developers are scouting for viable locations and consider risk and impact, few studies simultaneously address potentials and costs together with the consequences of proposed planning in an analytical and continuous manner and for larger areas at

Bernd Möller

2011-01-01

93

Joining Others for Community Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the basic principles of economic development and provides a case study of the Communitywide Work Force Development Project, which was designed to involve the community in solving the economic development and work force problems of Terre Haute, Indiana. (DMM)

Borgen, Joseph A.; Shade, William B.

1984-01-01

94

Optimal growth models as Economic Planning Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper, I have carried out an investigation into the form of models which would be suitable for economy-wide planning. Optimal growth models have usually been constructed in an abstract framework. Therefore, the economies for which optimal growth models would be suitable are not identified. I have shown that, because these models only embody purely physical constraints, they

Peter Murrell

1980-01-01

95

Developing a dissemination plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each proposal to the National Science Foundation (NSF) seeking support for improving engineering education must include a plan for disseminating the innovations and results that a funded project will generate. Authors may select from a variety of tactics: papers published in archival journals, conference papers, workshops, web sites, multimedia CD-ROMs, books, conference exhibits, etc. Despite the wide variety of available

Jeffrey Froyd

2001-01-01

96

7 CFR 1940.968 - Rural Economic Development Review Panel Grant (Panel Grant).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...administrative costs associated with a State rural economic development review panel. (b) Objective...costs associated with the State rural economic development review panels meeting requirements...action taken or planned to resolve the situation; and (4) Objectives and...

2013-01-01

97

Symbolism and Economic Development Work: Perceptions of Urban Economic Development Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

To elaborate themes suggested by Edelman's model of symbolic politics, data from a national survey of economic development practitioners are examined. In response to the uncertainty of municipal economic development efforts, economic development practitioners claim they undertake formalistic activities and indicate that city leaders encourage symbolic economic development projects. Concerns with formalism and symbolism are most prevalent among those economic

Herbert J. Rubin

1989-01-01

98

Geothermal development plan: Maricopa County  

SciTech Connect

The Maricopa County Geothermal Development Plan evaluated the market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified six potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 100{sup 0}C (212{sup 0}F) and in addition, four suspected intermediate temperature areas (90{sup 0} to 150{sup 0}C, 194{sup 0} to 300{sup 0}F). Geothermal resources are found to occur in and near the Phoenix metropolitan area where average population growth rates of two to three percent per year are expected over the next 40 years. Rapid growth in the manufacturing, trade and service sectors of the regional economy provides opportunities for the direct utilization of geothermal energy. A regional energy use analysis is included containing energy use and price projections. Water supplies are found to be adequate to support this growth, though agricultural water use is expected to diminish. The study also contains a detailed section matching geothermal resources to potential users. Two comparative analyses providing economic details for space heating projects are incorporated.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

99

Addressing global health, economic, and environmental problems through family planning.  

PubMed

Although obstetrician-gynecologists recognize the importance of managing fertility for the reproductive health of individuals, many are not aware of the vital effect they can have on some of the world's most pressing issues. Unintended pregnancy is a key contributor to the rapid population growth that in turn impairs social welfare, hinders economic progress, and exacerbates environmental degradation. An estimated 215 million women in developing countries wish to limit their fertility but do not have access to effective contraception. In the United States, half of all pregnancies are unplanned. Voluntary prevention of unplanned pregnancies is a cost-effective, humane way to limit population growth, slow environmental degradation, and yield other health and welfare benefits. Family planning should be a top priority for our specialty. PMID:21606751

Speidel, J Joseph; Grossman, Richard A

2011-06-01

100

Performance Monitoring: Achieving Excellence in Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report seeks to help economic developers understand the potential of using performance monitoring to improve program effectiveness. It is a companion volume to Benchmarking Practices to Achieve Customer Driven Economic Development (1996). In that fir...

S. Garmise

1999-01-01

101

Large shaft development test plan  

SciTech Connect

This test plan proposes the conduct of shaft liner tests as part of the large shaft development test proposed for the Hanford Site in support of the repository development program. The objectives of these tests are to develop techniques for measuring liner alignment (straightness), both construction assembly alignment and downhole cumulative alignment, and to assess the alignment information as a real time feedback to aid the installation procedure. The test plan is based upon installing a 16 foot ID shaft liner into a 20 foot diameter shaft to a depth of 1000 feet. This test plan is considered to be preliminary in that it was prepared as input for the decision to determine if development testing is required in this area. Should the decision be made to proceed with development testing, this test plan shall be updated and revised. 6 refs., 2 figs.

Krug, A.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1984-03-01

102

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance. 570.401... Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance. (a) General...community adjustments and economic diversification activities, in response to...

2009-04-01

103

24 CFR 570.401 - Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance. 570.401... Community adjustment and economic diversification planning assistance. (a) General...community adjustments and economic diversification activities, in response to...

2010-04-01

104

The Economic Development of Singapore.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis gives a comprehensive account of how the Republic of Singapore has achieved its present status and of the formidable social and economic problems confronting its government and people during these days of world economic and monetary instabilit...

P. H. Quek

1974-01-01

105

Sketch Development Plan for Excel, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents a comprehensive plan for a twenty-year period. The plan elements include: The population and economic characteristics and projections; transportation and utilities analysis; social services available to the population; analysis of the ...

C. W. Himes

1973-01-01

106

Developing and executing a strategic plan.  

PubMed

Because of the historic economic crisis, the past 18 months--2008 and the first half of 2009--have been challenging for many plastic surgery practices. Prior to the economic crisis in 2008, many practices enjoyed success with little synchronization between financial and productivity results, practice goals, and strategic planning. Now, suddenly, there is a great deal of interest in the alignment of budgets and financial reporting, marketing return on investment (ROI), staff accountability, and overhead management. The process of developing a business plan can serve to bring clarity and objectivity to the assessment of practice goals and market dynamics. The business planning process also provides assurance of more efficient use of the practice's human and capital resources. Ultimately, the process will bring order, discipline, and focus to practice stakeholders, thus increasing the likelihood of meeting or exceeding practice goals. The process: (1) defining the mission of the practice; (2) completing a competitive analysis for your market; (3) completing an assessment of your current environment; (4) completing an assessment of the financial health of your practice; (5) preparation of a SWOT (strengths, weakness, opportunity, threat) analysis; and (6) a translation of your mission statement into specific long-term goals and short-term performance objectives. The outcome of completing these tasks should be an actionable plan that will serve as a guide or road map for the practice. A well-articulated plan will solidify staff confidence, continue the advancement of a strong business foundation, and provide clear navigation through this new economic landscape in a way that preserves your ability to provide the care you have devoted yourselves to deliver. Today's needs, and yesterday's lessons, dictate that a well-documented strategic action plan be undertaken. PMID:20127597

Morley, Glenn

2010-02-01

107

Recent trends in local economic development in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past two decades issues of local economic development (LED) have come to dominate urban politics and planning in many cities in the United States, and local governments have increasingly adopted entrepreneurial development strategies. More recently, LED strategies are being adopted in the third world (Mitchell-Weaver and Manning 1991; Rondinelli 1990;1991; Zank 1991; Fergusen 1992; Linfield 1993; Zaaijer and

Brij Maharaj; Kemraj Rambali

1996-01-01

108

A Regional Economic Development Partnership for Community-Based Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florence-Darlington Technical College (FDTC) in Florence, South Carolina, has implemented the Academy for Community College Leadership Advancement, Innovation, and Modeling (ACCLAIM) community-based programming (C-BP) model for developing a regional economic development strategic plan. FDTC offers 27 associate degrees, 10 diplomas, and 9…

Garrett, Rick L.; Parker, Walter A.

109

Interagency Task Force for the Economic Development of the Central San Joaquin Valley. 2003-2004 Progress Report and Action Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The San Joaquin Valley (the Valley) is a region with unique and serious social, economic, and environmental challenges that merit special attention by the federal government. In February 2002, President Bush implemented Executive Order 13173, which create...

2004-01-01

110

Economic development strategies in the American states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic development has always been a moving target. Not surprisingly, there is growing evidence that the shape of economic policy and practice is significantly changing in many American states on the eve of the 21st Century. This article reviews the evolution and transformation of state economic development as well as its multidimentional character. The evolution includes roughly three broad, overlapping

Mary Jo Waits

2000-01-01

111

Economics Planning of Super Tall Buildings in Asia Pacific Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The purpose of this paper is to study the economics planning of super tall office buildings in Asia Pacific cities. This study is based on the case study of the Asia Pacific's 10 tallest buildings which are distributed over six major cities. All are landmark buildings with similar functions. From the analysis of the collected data, the floor plate

Paul H K HO

112

A System Dynamics Model for Economic Planning in Sarawak  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the outcome of a research project undertaken for the government of the State of Sarawak in E. Malaysia. A system dynamics model was constructed so as to inform the State's future economic and social planning to 2020. Positive engagement with State government officials at the highest levels was a feature of the successful completion of the work.

Brian Dangerfield

113

Economic benefits of enterprise resource planning systems: some empirical evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe present study provides empirical evidence on the economic benefits of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. We use a modified value chain approach and identify several ratios for each component of the value chain to reflect improvements as a result of the adoption of ERP systems. These financial ratios are tracked for 2?years for a group of companies that adopted

Zoltan P. Matolcsy; Peter Booth; Bernhard Wieder

2005-01-01

114

Economics of industrial preparedness planning and raw-materials stockpiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some relatively sophisticated economic analysis techniques are used in present United States Industrial Preparedness Planning (IPP) and stockpiling but they have significant deficiencies. The most serious is the failure to consider the effects of substitution in a comprehensive way. This study hypothesizes that substitution could obviate the need for formal IPP and stockpiling of the type now practices. To test

Stambaugh

1982-01-01

115

Cheyenne-Laramie County Economic Development Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An effective economic development strategy needs to be founded on an understanding of the economic base, an awareness of community concerns and attention to organizational and political frameworks. Part of this knowledge is derived from interviews with in...

E. A. Fischer T. D. Browne

1986-01-01

116

Economic Background to Manpower Planning and Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tables and charts developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor illustrate: (1) trends in employment, (2) proportion of workers in white collar, blue collar, service, and farm jobs, (3) membership in unions, (4) areas of rapid job growth, (5) percent change in employment by industry, (6) occupational trends, (7)…

Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.

117

Large shaft development test plan  

SciTech Connect

This test plan proposes the conduct of a large shaft development test at the Hanford site in support of the repository development program. The purpose and objective of the test plan is to obtain the information necessary to establish feasibility and to predict the performance of the drilling system used to drill large diameter shafts. The test plan is based upon drilling a 20 ft diameter shaft to a depth of 1,000 feet. The test plan specifies series of tests to evaluate the performance of the downhole assembly, the performance of the rig, and the ability of the system to cope with geologic hazards. The quality of the hole produced will also be determined. This test plan is considered to be preliminary in that it was prepared as input for the decision to determine if development testing is required in this area. Should the decision be made to proceed with development testing, this test plan shall be updated and revised. 6 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Krug, A.D. (Rockwell International Corp., Richland, WA (USA). Rockwell Hanford Operations)

1984-03-01

118

Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As many cities have begin to grapple with their vast areas of brownfields that dot the urban landscape, the federal government has begun to step in and provide various financial assistance in order to assist with the redevelopment of abandoned, idled and underused industrial and commercial facilities. This website, provided by the U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development, provides information about the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI), which is a competitive grant program that is meant to serve as a stimulus for local government and private sector parties to start the long redevelopment process. The site contains detailed information about the program, along with archived webcasts that talk about various success stories that have been funded with monies from the program thus far. Also on the site, information is provided about how brownfields are defined and how monies for the program have been distributed to various communities. Finally, visitors will want to take a look at the related publications available here, including those that detail various brownfields initiative and the potential long-term effects of environmental degradation.

119

Economic Development and Network Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many of the basic assumptions underlying macro-economic and financial theory are so simplistic that the models upon which they are built cannot be used to predict or explain economic events. The concept of homo economicus assumes that individuals make rat...

D. Evans M. Moten

2011-01-01

120

Planning Learning: Developing Technology Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With increased support for educational standards, teachers need resources to help them engage in standards-based reform. The International Technology Education Association (ITEA) is publishing a series of addenda for this purpose. "Planning Learning: Developing Technology Curricula" offers teachers and other curriculum developers suggestions and…

International Technology Education Association (ITEA), 2005

2005-01-01

121

Chapter 13 Culture and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter begins by noting that culture as an element in economic development in the Third World has been largely neglected in traditional development economics, most writers either seeing culture as an obstacle to development or ignoring it altogether. Recently a shift in thinking has occurred whereby culture is now more widely seen as being more central to the development

Paul Streeten

2006-01-01

122

Weak Social Ties and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The strength of social ties is seen to correlate negatively with economic growth, in time-series and country cross-section. The objective of this paper is to account for these correlations, and understand the role of social ties in economic development. In particular, it poses the question: under what circumstances, strong social ties constrain economic growth? I propose a model, where the

Jose Anchorena

123

Environmental Politics and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most economic textbooks, environmental problems are considered to be economic in origin. Industrial producers of product\\u000a X use the air or water system to dispose of noxious waste Z, which imposes costs on individuals who live downstream or downwind\\u000a from the site at which X is produced. The lower cost of this method of disposal implies that consumers benefit

Roger D. Congleton

124

Intersectoral planning for city health development.  

PubMed

The article reviews the evolution and process of city health development planning (CHDP) in municipalities participating in the European Network of Healthy Cities organized by the European Region of the World Health Organization. The concept of CHDP combines elements from three theoretical domains: (a) health development, (b) city governance, and (c) urban planning. The setting was the 77 cities which participated in Phase IV (2003-2008) of the network. Evidence was gathered principally from a general evaluation questionnaire sent to all network cities. CHDPs are strategic documents giving direction to municipalities and partner agencies. Analysis revealed a trend away from "classic" CHDPs with a primary focus on health development towards ensuring a health dimension to other sector plans, and into the overarching strategies of city governments. Linked to the Phase IV priority themes of Healthy aging and healthy urban planning, cities further developed the concept and application of human-centered sustainability. More work is required to utilize cost-benefit analysis and health impact assessment to unmask the synergies between health and economic prosperity. PMID:22391982

Green, Geoff

2012-04-01

125

[Strategic planning: an important economic action for German hospitals].  

PubMed

In medical systems, economic issues and means of action are in the course of dwindling human (physicians and nurses) and financial resources are more important. For this reason, physicians must understand basic economic principles. Only in this way, there may be medical autonomy from social systems and hospital administrators. The current work is an approach to present a model for strategic planning of an anesthesia department. For this, a "strengths", "weaknesses", "opportunities", and "threats" (SWOT) analysis is used. This display is an example of an exemplary anaesthetic department. PMID:22161910

Wiese, Christoph H R; Zink, Wolfgang; Russo, Sebastian G

2011-12-08

126

Large shaft development test plan  

SciTech Connect

This test plan proposes the conduct of tests of the grout implaced as part of the large shaft development test proposed for the Hanford Site in support of the repository development program. The objectives of these tests are to develop the methodology to determine the feasibility of successfully grouting the annulus of a large diameter shaft. The test plan is based upon grouting inplace a 16 foot ID liner in a 20 foot diameter in a 1000 foot shaft. Specific objectives are to: determine the material properties of the grout implaced in the shaft annulus; evaluate the ability of the grout to completely displace the drilling fluid during grout implacement; determine the ability of a grout to act as a barrier to hydraulic transport; and assess the suitability of using nondestructive testing methods for assessing the completeness of grouting, the presence of voids, and the effectiveness of bonding between the grout and shaft wall. This test plan is considered to be preliminary in that it was prepared as input for the decision to determine if development testing is required in this area. Should the decision be made to proceed with development testing, this test plan shall be updated and revised. 33 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Krug, A.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1984-02-01

127

Emerging China's Economic Visions during the Five Year Plans and the Evolution of the Doctrine of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article let us examine emerging Chinas economic visions during the Five Year Plans and the evolution of the various political doctrines that epitomizes inthe Scienti?c Concept of Development? proposed in the 11 th Five Year Plan. Since China started its 1st Five?Year Guidelines more than 50 years ago and its opening?up more than 20 years ago the country

John Joseph Puthenkalam

128

DEVELOPMENTS IN PRECAST CONCRETE FOR CONSTRUCTING ECONOMICALLY OPTIMISED SUPERSTRUCTURES  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology for innovative developments in pre-cast concrete, which uses a combination of probabilistic analysis and case-based reasoning, is presented. The prob- ability distributions beneficial for independent uses of construction of economically op- timised superstructures as well as relationships between variables are constructed through an analysis of industrialized building methods. Emphasis is given to the plan- ning, design, manufacturing and

Ahmed ABDALLAH

2006-01-01

129

Economic impacts of development of road transport for Aquitaine region for the period 2007-2013 subject to a climate plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The region of Aquitaine, located in south-west of France, has implemented a climate plan for the period 2007-2013 in order to avoid 2 883 ktCO2eq per year for 2013. But this region is an important place of transit’s flow between northern Europe and southern Europe. The share of goods transport represents about 30% of road traffic of the Aquitaine region.

Jean-Christophe MARTIN

2011-01-01

130

Modelling sustainable development planning: a multicriteria decision conferencing approach.  

PubMed

Development planning is multidimensional in nature. On the one hand, it addresses economic growth, and on the other, it deals with economic development of the whole nation. Sustainable development, on the other hand, emphasizes the need for integration of economics and environment, as well as promoting intra- and intergenerational equity. While the literature deals extensively with the issues of sustainable development, it lacks a prescription of an easy-to-use, yet rigorous, methodology for it. In this paper, we offer a decision conferencing approach to sustainable development planning based on a multicriteria model. The integrated model is presented and applied to a sustainable development planning exercise in a third world country. Sample results are presented and detailed sensitivity analyses show the environmental variables that are of major concern. PMID:11697680

Quaddus, M A; Siddique, M A

2001-09-01

131

Economic development and environmental protection: an ecological economics perspective.  

PubMed

This paper argues on both theoretical and empirical grounds that, beyond a certain point, there is an unavoidable conflict between economic development (generally taken to mean 'material economic growth') and environmental protection. Think for a moment of natural forests, grasslands, marine estuaries, salt marshes, and coral reefs; and of arable soils, aquifers, mineral deposits, petroleum, and coal. These are all forms of 'natural capital' that represent highly-ordered self-producing ecosystems or rich accumulations of energy/matter with high use potential (low entropy). Now contemplate despoiled landscapes, eroding farmlands, depleted fisheries, anthropogenic greenhouse gases, acid rain, poisonous mine tailings and toxic synthetic compounds. These all represent disordered systems or degraded forms of energy and matter with little use potential (high entropy). The main thing connecting these two states is human economic activity. Ecological economics interprets the environment-economy relationship in terms of the second law of thermodynamics. The second law sees economic activity as a dissipative process. From this perspective, the production of economic goods and services invariably requires the consumption of available energy and matter. To grow and develop, the economy necessarily 'feeds' on sources of high-quality energy/matter first produced by nature. This tends to disorder and homogenize the ecosphere, The ascendance of humankind has consistently been accompanied by an accelerating rate of ecological degradation, particularly biodiversity loss, the simplification of natural systems and pollution. In short, contemporary political rhetoric to the contrary, the prevailing growth-oriented global development paradigm is fundamentally incompatible with long-term ecological and social sustainability. Unsustainability is not a technical nor economic problem as usually conceived, but rather a state of systemic incompatibility between a economy that is a fully-contained, growing, dependent sub-system of a non-growing ecosphere. Potential solutions fly in the face of contemporary development trends and cultural values. PMID:12858997

Rees, William E

132

Population Growth and Economic and Social Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All evidence shows that fast population growth slows development in the developing countries. It is the combination of social development and family planning that is so powerful in reducing fertility. Governments must act now. (RM)

Clausen, A. W.

1985-01-01

133

Strategies and Linkages: A Guide for Linking Vocational Education and Tribal Economic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed as a result of the project, Strategies for Linking Vocational Education Programs to Tribal Economic Plans, the guide contains information obtained from 20 tribes who are currently providing vocational education programs under the One Percent Set-Aside Federal Vocational Education funding, a program that provides the opportunity for…

Minhas, Jasjit; And Others

134

Economic viability analysis of planned WEC system installations for electrical power production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this investigation is the development and implementation of a general and systematic procedure for the evaluation of the economic viability of planned installations of wind energy converters (WEC) for the purpose of electrical power production. The procedure is based on: the assessment of wind energy potential of an area (of interest); the limitations involved in selecting specific

Demetrios P Papadopoulos; John Ch Dermentzoglou

2002-01-01

135

Economic Development Grant Report, Fiscal Year 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile is provided of community college business centers and their activities conducted under economic development grants during fiscal year (FY) 1985. Following introductory remarks, section I provides a narrative description of the FY 1985 economic development grant activities, including industrial attraction, retention and expansion,…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

136

The Development of Children's Economic Reasoning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development of economic reasoning in young children is examined from the theoretical perspective of Piaget's work on cognitive development. To determine a possible correlation between grade level and the type of reasoning children use to approach economic problems, 70 urban children, preschool through grade 3, answered questions which…

Schug, Mark C.; Birkey, C. Jean

137

Economic Development Impacts of 20% Wind (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Meeting 20% of the nation's electricity demand with wind energy will require enourmous investment in wind farms, manufacturing, and infrastructure. This investment will create substantial economic development impacts on local, regional, and national levels. This conference poster for Windpower 2007 outlines the various economic development impacts from a 20% wind scenario.

Kelly, M.; Tegen, S.

2007-06-01

138

Relationship of energy growth to economic growth under alternative energy policies. [Analysis of ERDA RD and D plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is the first of a series of studies that will analyze the economic and social impacts of research, development, and demonstration plans of the Energy Research and Development Administration. Two policy proposals were examined against a Base Case set of economic and energy projections for the years 1985, 1990, and 2000: (1) the introduction of RD and D-initiated

D. J. Jr. Behling; R. Dullien; E. Hudson

1976-01-01

139

Diagnostics development plan for ZR.  

SciTech Connect

The Z Refurbishment (ZR) Project is a program to upgrade the Z machine at SNL with modern durable pulsed power technology, providing additional shot capacity and improved reliability as well as advanced capabilities for both pulsed x-ray production and high pressure generation. The development of enhanced diagnostic capabilities is an essential requirement for ZR to meet critical mission needs. This report presents a comprehensive plan for diagnostic instrument and infrastructure development for the first few years of ZR operation. The focus of the plan is on: (1) developing diagnostic instruments with high spatial and temporal resolution, capable of low noise operation and survival in the severe EMP, bremsstrahlung, and blast environments of ZR; and (2) providing diagnostic infrastructure improvements, including reduced diagnostic trigger signal jitter, more and flexible diagnostic line-of-sight access, and the capability for efficient exchange of diagnostics with other laboratories. This diagnostic plan is the first step in an extended process to provide enhanced diagnostic capabilities for ZR to meet the diverse programmatic needs of a broad range of defense, energy, and general science programs of an international user community into the next decade.

Hanson, David Lester

2003-09-01

140

Land Administration for Economic Development - Experiences from Institutional Development Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The importance of institutional development for economic development and poverty alleviation has been stressed by several important researchers in economic development during many years. This paper makes an attempt to draw some conclusions about how land administration institutions can be developed. It is based on experiences from a number of institutional development projects where Swedesurvey, the overseas agency of

Tommy ÖSTERBERG

141

Exploring Gender and Economic Development in Appalachia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article highlights how dynamic gender relations affect the diverse experiences of men and women in Appalachia's economic development. The analysis draws from the 1990 and 2000 U.S. Census data to examine and compare the demographic, social, and economic conditions of women and men in Appalachia. The discussion focuses on geographical…

Latimer, Melissa; Oberhauser, Ann M.

2004-01-01

142

Natural resources, education, and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic growth since 1965 has varied inversely with the share of natural capital in national wealth across countries. Four main channels of transmission from abundant natural resources to stunted economic development are discussed: (a) the Dutch disease, (b) rent seeking, (c) overconfidence, and (d) neglect of education. Public expenditure on education relative to national income, expected years of schooling for

Thorvaldur Gylfason

2001-01-01

143

Culture and Economic Development in South Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of culture on economic development in South Asia has drawn scholarly interest since Max Weber argued that the rise of Protestantism abetted the origination of capitalism. Weber claimed that the spirituality and otherworldliness of Hinduism, along with its associated caste system, were not compatible with this new economic constellation. This sharp dichotomy posited by Weber and others has

John Adams

2001-01-01

144

A Model of Quantum Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum Economic Development (or the QED MODEL) is an entirely new field of theoretical economic conceptualisation into the evolutionary end point of the New Global Economy. A full description of the process of forming a kernel of fundamental 'quantum like' logic of the architecture and mechanics of these totally new quantum economies is included, as well as some of the

Craig Sobey

2009-01-01

145

An Economic Development Strategy for American Samoa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In September 1980, the Economic Development Administration awarded a Title IX grant to the American Samoa Government to deal with long-term economic deterioration. The Title IX program produces an overall strategy to identify the basic causes of long term...

1981-01-01

146

Shrimp aquaculture: economic perspectives for policy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of shrimp aquaculture from the perspectives of economics. It is offered as a contribution to the on-going policy debate on this globally important industry. The paper is organised into four sections: the benefits of shrimp aquaculture, the problems of shrimp aquaculture, economic development perspectives on shrimp aquaculture, and conclusions. Four

Arthur E. Neiland; Neill Soley; Joan Baron Varley; David J. Whitmarsh

2001-01-01

147

Wind Energy and Economic Development in Nebraska  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet summarizes a recent report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Economic Development Benefits from Wind Power in Nebraska: A Report for the Nebraska Energy Office, which focuses on the estimated economic development impacts in Nebraska from development and operation of wind power in the state as envisioned in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) report, 20% Wind Energy by 2030.

Lantz, E.

2009-06-01

148

Planning tourism employment: a developing country perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that tourism planning should be about planning for residents as well as for visitors. If tourism is to be a positive force in the lives of local residents, it is contingent upon local response, involvement and support. Many tourism plans for developing area destinations give inadequate attention to human resources development. Furthermore, many tourism plans espouse forms

Abby Liu; Geoffrey Wall

2006-01-01

149

Resources, environment and economic development in Nigeria.  

PubMed

It is argued that Nigeria must focus on effective environmentally protective intensive farming, resource management methods, and strong family planning programs. Other contributory factors are recognized as the lack of democracy and the "ill-advised" internal policies of the government. The emphasis is on man-made decisions about migration, natality, and land use practices that have ecological consequences that significantly affect the economy. Land degradation in Nigeria is attributed to improper agricultural and husbandry practices. Land degradation has severe ecological, economic, and human costs. Awareness of environmental problems in Nigeria is growing. Natural disasters such as the droughts of 1984-85, continued soil depletion, accumulations of soil wastes, increased flooding in urban areas, and land erosion in Anambra state are evidence of the growing environmental problems. Agricultural development should involve changing rural land use practices, using technology that is "appropriate" to the climate, crops, and culture of the people, and introducing agroforestry. Population growth in Nigeria puts pressure on the fragile ecosystem. Actual carrying capacity is a rough calculation. Nigeria's population growth patterns follow a pattern that suggests population pressure on carrying capacity. The acceleration of population growth has strained the traditional system of agriculture. Land is overused, and cultivation continues on unsuitable land. Domestic policies during the oil boom encouraged rapid industrialization at the expense of the environment. Migration increased to urban centers, but cities did not provide suitable housing, waste disposal, safe water supplies, and other basic facilities. PMID:12347030

Okpala, A O

1995-06-01

150

Comprehensive Planning for Metropolitan Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report surveys the literature of comprehensive planning for metropolitan areas and assesses the processes of metropoltan planning as they currently operate. Federal policy toward metropolitan is analyzed, the intergovernmental context of planning is d...

1970-01-01

151

Duarte, California General Plan and Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The City has undertaken a comprehensive planning program with emphasis on the economic potential of the City and the improvement of its physical environment. From the program has emerged an updated General Plan establishing a new overview of land uses, ci...

1970-01-01

152

Finance, institutions and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from 72 countries for the period 1978-2000, we find that financial development has larger effects on GDP per capita when the financial system is embedded within a sound institutional framework. Moreover, we find that financial development is most potent in middle-income countries, where its effects are particularly large when institutional quality is high. Importantly, we also find that

Panicos Demetriades; Siong Hook Law

2006-01-01

153

Enterprise, Inequality and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

We characterize an equilibrium development process driven by the interaction of the distribution of wealth with credit constraints and the distribution of entrepreneurial skills. When efficient entrepreneurs are relatively abundant, a \\

Huw Lloyd-Ellis; Dan Bernhardt

2000-01-01

154

Environmental Development Plan Energy Storage Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Environmental Development Plans (EDPs) are prepared by the Department of Energy to help fulfill the Department's responsibility for the development of environmentally acceptable energy technologies. The EDP provides a common basis for planning, managing, ...

1979-01-01

155

Educational Reform and Planning in the Current Economic Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that economic constraints for educational planners and the political/ideological context in which educational decisions are made have changed despite the demand for educational expansion with reduced spending. Suggests development of new strategies to increase public spending and improve educational quality. (Author/TRS)|

Carnoy, Martin

1986-01-01

156

Tourism and economic development: A survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the literature on tourism and economic development, identifying the contribution that tourism can make to development, including foreign currency, income and employment, and the costs that it entails. Single equation and system of equations models for estimating tourism demand are provided, indicating developing countries’ potential to benefit from increasing expenditure on tourism but their susceptibility to deterioration

M. Thea Sinclair

1998-01-01

157

Planning Routes Across Economic Terrains: Maximizing Utility, Following Heuristics  

PubMed Central

We designed an economic task to investigate human planning of routes in landscapes where travel in different kinds of terrain incurs different costs. Participants moved their finger across a touch screen from a starting point to a destination. The screen was divided into distinct kinds of terrain and travel within each kind of terrain imposed a cost proportional to distance traveled. We varied costs and spatial configurations of terrains and participants received fixed bonuses minus the total cost of the routes they chose. We first compared performance to a model maximizing gain. All but one of 12 participants failed to adopt least-cost routes and their failure to do so reduced their winnings by about 30% (median value). We tested in detail whether participants’ choices of routes satisfied three necessary conditions (heuristics) for a route to maximize gain. We report failures of one heuristic for 7 out of 12 participants. Last of all, we modeled human performance with the assumption that participants assign subjective utilities to costs and maximize utility. For 7 out 12 participants, the fitted utility function was an accelerating power function of actual cost and for the remaining 5, a decelerating power function. We discuss connections between utility aggregation in route planning and decision under risk. Our task could be adapted to investigate human strategy and optimality of route planning in full-scale landscapes.

Zhang, Hang; Maddula, Soumya V.; Maloney, Laurence T.

2010-01-01

158

Economic development initiative leads to building a $5 million EMC testing and training lab  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of developing a world-class EMC lab as part of an economic development initiative in Nebraska took root in 1997 when a group of local companies put their heads together with a large state university, a community college, economic development lobbyists and state legislators. The state of Nebraska funded the $5 million plan to put a lab in place

S. H. Cass; D. R. Kramer

2002-01-01

159

Development, economy and culture: cultural heritage tourism planning, liangzhu, china  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic, political and cultural frameworks filter global-local relations in diverse ways so that different interests, values and ideas are empowered over others in the planning process. This paper is conceptualised in response to this complexity arguing that notions of and connections between development, economy and culture, embedded in the global-local dialectic, need to be unpacked before tourism planning and policy-making

Dianne Margaret Dredge

2004-01-01

160

Development of a discharge planning mentorship program.  

PubMed

Discharge planning coordinators at a tertiary medical center developed a Discharge Planning Mentorship Program. The group established the educational program to support the autonomy of the staff primary nurse in the discharge planning component of professional practice. To establish the program, the discharge planning coordinators used the underlying principle of "CollaMentoach." The term is an acronym combining the three core concepts of collaboration, mentoring, and coaching. Program planning and marketing, participant selection, curriculum development, and curriculum evaluation are included to guide staff development specialists and nurse managers in the formulation of a program to enhance staff nurse discharge planning skills. PMID:11013517

Hansen, D C; Matt-Hensrud, N; Holland, D E; Severson, M A

161

[Population variables as fundamental in development planning].  

PubMed

This article summarizes the major points extracted from an interview with the Head of the Population Division at the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) regarding the problems of integrating population variables with the socioeconomic development of developing countries. 1) The Kilimanjaro Program of Action remains the basic framework that ECA uses as a reference point in matters pertaining to population; 2) Regarding the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund's structural adjustment policies (SAP's), ECA's position is one which stresses the need to ensure that the social aspects of SAP's are met in the short term such as the needs of the aged, women and children; however, population problems are long-term and require long-term solutions; 3) During the past 15-20 years population issues have not been properly integrated in the short-term solutions to development problems; ECA encourages governments to integrate demographic variables and population issues in their development plans to achieve long-term solutions; however, the short-term obstacles include infant mortality, infectious diseases and the debt crisis; 4) ECA has proposed an African Alternative SAP (AASAP) to highlight the existence of social problems and the multiple variables affecting the African countries; the AASAP also encourages regional cooperation to strengthen the negotiating position to obtain more resources that with effective management systems can improve the conditions of individual countries; 5) family planning and contraception remain integral components of a population policy and it is important that governments recognize the need to fight against infant and maternal mortality. Family planning encompasses much more than contraception. PMID:12316540

Diongue, A; Sow, E B

1990-03-01

162

Quantitative Aspects of Africa's Past Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comparative analysis of pre-modern economic condi- tions in sub-Saharan Africa. We find that large- and medium-sized cities, our proxy for pre-modern economic development, were less prevalent in Africa than in South and Central America, a comparable region. Empirical analyses of the Standard Cross-Cultural Sample (SCCS), which includes 186 pre-industrial so- cieties around the world, confirm and

Javier A. Birchenall

163

Neighborhood Energy/Economic Development project  

SciTech Connect

Energy costs impact low income communities more than anyone else. Low income residents pay a larger percentage of their incomes for energy costs. In addition, they generally have far less discretionary energy use to eliminate in response to increasing energy prices. Furthermore, with less discretionary income, home energy efficiency improvements are often too expensive. Small neighborhood businesses are in the same situation. Improved efficiency in the use of energy can improve this situation by reducing energy costs for residents and local businesses. More importantly, energy management programs can increase the demand for local goods and services and lead to the creation of new job training and employment opportunities. In this way, neighborhood based energy efficiency programs can support community economic development. The present project, undertaken with the support of the Urban Consortium Energy Task Force, was intended to serve as a demonstration of energy/economic programming at the neighborhood level. The San Francisco Neighborhood Energy/Economic Development (NEED) project was designed to be a visible demonstration of bringing the economic development benefits of energy management home to low-income community members who need it most. To begin, a Community Advisory Committee was established to guide the design of the programs to best meet needs of the community. Subsequently three neighborhood energy/economic development programs were developed: The small business energy assistance program; The youth training and weatherization program; and, The energy review of proposed housing development projects.

Not Available

1991-12-31

164

Developing Spatial Urban Planning Guidance for Achieving Sustainable Urban Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable urban planning guides are being developed to direct spatial urban planning both at the local and regional levels towards sustainability. However, due to the multifaceted nature of spatial planning, different guides do focus on different aspects of planning and tend to overlook or lay little emphasis on other aspects. The goal of achieving sustainability through spatial urban planning requires

Habib M. Alshuwaikhat

165

Economics for true human development – future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show the limitations and inadequacies of the “Homo Economicus” model of human behaviour in terms of promoting human development and to outline directions for economics to promote “true human development”. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper first discusses the concept of “Homo Economicus” and the criticisms of this model. It then explains the

N. Sivakumar

2007-01-01

166

Women's International Centre for Economic Development (WICED)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The gender gap in enterprise has been part of an ongoing debate on economic development for over 20 years. In an attempt to tackle this deficit Train 2000, the UK's largest dedicated women's enterprise support organisation supported by its partners Liverpool City Council, Liverpool Vision, and an international panel of leading experts are developing the Women's International Centre

Maggie OCarroll; Helen Millne

2010-01-01

167

New Potentials for Modern Indian Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently American Indians have experienced an unprecedented renaissance in community spirit. Capitalizing upon this spirit, Indian economic development should be directed toward particular community needs, utilizing Indian leadership to determine needed training and development programs. There is no question but that the majority of Indian…

Heath, Wallace G.

168

The environmental sciences and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with one aspect of the relationship between the environmental sciences and economic development, namely, the relationship between studies of natural resources and the appraisal of agricultural development projects. It reviews some such projects in which no real attention was paid to surveys of natural resources and passes on to consider the land systems approach to the appraisal

B. H. Farmer

1971-01-01

169

Economic Stabilization and Debt in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on preliminary results from a massive study conducted by the World Bank to probe the links between stabilization and growth, Cooper examines the experience of developing countries faced by the oil shocks of the 1970s and the debt crisis of the 1980s. He points out that a global slowdown in growth has shifted the main economic concern in developing

Richard N. Cooper

170

Economics and Human Resource Development: A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the areas agreement between two recent and seemingly disparate Human Resource Development Review articles by Wang and Swanson (2008) and McLean, Lynham, Azevedo, Lawrence, and Nafukho (2008). The foundational roles of economics in human resource development theory and practice are highlighted as well as the need for…

Wang, Greg G.; Swanson, Richard A.

2008-01-01

171

New Potentials for Modern Indian Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently American Indians have experienced an unprecedented renaissance in community spirit. Capitalizing upon this spirit, Indian economic development should be directed toward particular community needs, utilizing Indian leadership to determine needed training and development programs. There is no question but that the majority of Indian…

Heath, Wallace G.

172

13 CFR 108.120 - Economic development primary mission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Economic development primary mission. ...Organizing A Nmvc Company § 108.120 Economic development primary mission. ...mission of a NMVC Company must be economic development of one or more LI...

2012-01-01

173

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

2012-01-01

174

Credit Cooperatives in Locally Financed Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most transitional and many developing countries institutions capable of supporting economic development with localized saving-investment cycles have not developed. This crucial gap is in no way addressed by either country-level macro programmes dealing with 'development finance' or by donor-driven 'micro credit' schemes of Grameen and other types operating at a lower (local) level. The latter seldom evolve into financial

Robert J. McIntyre

2006-01-01

175

Chesapeake Bay Regional Action Plan Development Guidelines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document describes the elements of a Regional Action Plan, provides guidance on the planning process (e.g., developing stakeholder groups, which are referred to as Regional Action Teams), identifies the information that should be presented in the Regi...

1997-01-01

176

Engineering and Development Program Plan - Performance Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The program plan describes the development activities that are being pursued to enhance overall performance assurance of all air traffic control and navigation facilities within the National Airspace System (NAS). The plan provides detailed information on...

1973-01-01

177

Analysis And Assistant Planning System Ofregional Agricultural Economic Inform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the common problems existed in regional development and planning, we try to design a decision support system for assisting regional agricultural development and alignment as a decision-making tool for local government and decision maker. The analysis methods of forecast, comparative advantage, liner programming and statistical analysis are adopted. According to comparative advantage theory, the regional advantage can be determined by calculating and comparing yield advantage index (YAI), Scale advantage index (SAI), Complicated advantage index (CAI). Combining with GIS, agricultural data are presented as a form of graph such as area, bar and pie to uncover the principle and trend for decision-making which can't be found in data table. This system provides assistant decisions for agricultural structure adjustment, agro-forestry development and planning, and can be integrated to information technologies such as RS, AI and so on.

Han, Jie; Zhang, Junfeng

178

Oman: Economic, social and strategic developments  

SciTech Connect

Oman is an important country for the West, both as an oil exporter and as a key ally strategically placed at the entrance to the Arab Gulf. This book provides an overview of recent economic, social and political developments in Oman. It begins by outlining the historical and geographical background, emphasising in particular the problems of geography and tribalism and the impact of the war against Marxist insurgents in Dhofar. It considers economic developments, both in the oil and non-oil sectors, and Oman's contribution to economic co-operation and integration in the region. It examines strategic developments, particularly Oman's relations with the United States, addressing the key question of how close an alliance between Oman and the US is likely and showing how this is influenced by internal politics in Oman. It also explores educational and cultural issues.

Pridham, B.R.

1986-01-01

179

SIED (Student Internship in Economic Development) 1977-1981: Retrospective of a Regional Internship Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the operational model and key programmatic aspects of Student Internship in Economic Development (SIED) program, 1978-1981. Offers comprehensive guidance to persons planning or managing internship programs. It describes evolution of SIE...

V. P. Woodward A. H. Torgersen

1982-01-01

180

Development of a Calculation Model (Computer Program) for Comparing the Economics of Various Waste Treatment Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program was developed which analyzes and compares the economics of planning in terms of investment and operating costs. The program calculates the necessary minimum fees. Different financing models (e.g., conventional financing, financing by fu...

J. Stritzke

1982-01-01

181

Nutrition and Family Planning: Concepts and Approaches for Home Economics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article's three focal points are: the role nutrition can play in enhancing family planning goals; nutrition, family planning, and the adolescent; and potential approaches for home economics educators. (Author)

Rand, Catherine

1976-01-01

182

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Harney County, Oregon.  

SciTech Connect

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be in Harney Count. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Harney County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economic impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result from the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

1991-12-01

183

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Deschutes County, Oregon.  

SciTech Connect

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be Deschutes County. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Deschutes County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economical impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result for the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

1991-12-01

184

Geothermal development plan: Graham/Greenlee Counties  

SciTech Connect

The Graham/Greenlee County Area Development Plan evaluated the region-wide market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified five potential geothermal resource areas with temperatures less than 100{sup 0}C (212{sup 0}F). In addition, seven areas are inferred to contain higher temperature resources with the Clifton Hot Springs area having electrical potential. Geothermal resources are found to occur near Safford and Clifton, the two major population centers. Future population growth in the two counties is expected to average less than two percent per year over the next 40 years. Growth in the mining, trade and services economic sectors provide opportunities for the direct utilization of geothermal energy. A regional energy use analysis is included containing energy use and price projections. Water supplies are found to be adequate for urban needs, though agricultural and mineral water use may be limited in the future. The study also contains a preliminary economic analysis for two district heating systems as well as a section matching geothermal resources to potential users.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

185

Growth through greening: developing and assessing alternative economic development programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper articulates how communities can capitalize on the specific benefits of urban forestry and assesses the outcomes of urban forestry efforts. To accomplish this, the paper defines the context of local economic development and urban forestry; outlines the economic, aesthetic, and ecological benefits of a smart-growth agenda that includes urban forestry; and presents two brief case studies that empirically

J. D. Gatrell; R. R. Jensen

2002-01-01

186

Academic Development Plan, 1997-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the Strategic Plan and Academic Development Plan for Kapi'olani Community College (KCC) (Hawaii). In addition to its liberal arts transfer mission, KCC offers the state's only programs in Health Sciences and Legal Education and the only community college nursing programs on Oahu. The goals in the Strategic Plan document…

Abou-Sayf, Frank, K.; Pagotto, Louise; Wehrman, Steve

187

Locate, Plan, Develop, Use An Outdoor Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to aid educational institutions and community organizations in selecting, planning, developing and using outdoor learning areas as outdoor classrooms, this guide includes: (1) Learning by Discovery (scientific, cultural, and recreational goals); (2) The Initial Planning Effort (use of: a planning committee including teachers,…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Upper Darby, PA.

188

Locate, Plan, Develop, Use An Outdoor Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to aid educational institutions and community organizations in selecting, planning, developing and using outdoor learning areas as outdoor classrooms, this guide includes: (1) Learning by Discovery (scientific, cultural, and recreational goals); (2) The Initial Planning Effort (use of: a planning committee including teachers,…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Upper Darby, PA.

189

Economic Development of British Colonial America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

Zabin, Serena

190

Economic Development Grant Report, Fiscal Year 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile is provided of Illinois community college business centers and the activities they conducted under the fiscal year 1986 $3.5 million economic development grant allocation. First, highlights of the year's accomplishments are presented, including: (1) community colleges provided training for 852 companies through 1,400 courses, serving…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

191

Protracted Conflict, Existential Threat and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that a protracted conflict, in general, has strengthened the state vis-à-vis the society in Egypt, Israel, South Korea, Syria and Taiwan. Yet, the existentially threatened states, namely, Israel, South Korea and Taiwan, have pursued economic development and industrialization as a strategic objective. While all three states have been strategically important for the hegemon, the United States, the

Yakub Halabi

2009-01-01

192

Airline Traffic and Urban Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. This paper provides new evidence on the link between airline traffic and employ- ment in US metropolitan areas. The evidence confirms the common view that good airline service is an important factor in urban economic development. Frequent service to a variety of destinations, reflected in a high level of passenger enplanements, facilitates easy face-to-face contact with businesses in other

Jan K. Brueckner

2003-01-01

193

Facilitating Economic Development through Strategic Alliances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how colleges and universities are becoming increasingly involved in economic development, with the formation of strategic alliances that have led to programs that benefit business and higher education. Discusses example programs from the Valley of Virginia Partnership for Education, and the outreach program of James Madison University.…

Noftsinger, John B., Jr.

2002-01-01

194

Rural Economic Development: Learning from Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report analyzes the strategies used for successful rural economic development in twelve counties around the U.S. These counties had strong employment growth relative to other rural counties in the 1980s. The report is intended for the use of officials...

S. H. Leaman T. J. Cook L. S. Stewart A. B. Spruyt

1990-01-01

195

Education and Economic Development: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from thirty Chinese provinces indicates that education is crucial for economic development. Provinces with the higher average years of schooling in the intial year have higher growth rates of real per capita GDP in the subsequent year. Provinces with higher literacy rates and higher average years of schooling in the initial year experienced a faster decline of the employment

Shuanglin Lin

1997-01-01

196

Education and Economic Development: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence from thirty Chinese provinces indicates that education is crucial for economic development. Provinces with the higher average years of schooling in the intial year have higher growth rates of real per capita GDP in the subsequent year. Provinces with higher literacy rates and higher average years of schooling in the initial year experienced a faster decline of the employment

Shuanglin Lin

197

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, January 19, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization in which the 30 member countries discuss, develop and analyze economic and social policy. While all of the member countries are considered to be...

J. K. Jackson

2007-01-01

198

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (Updated February 4, 2008).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization in which the 30 member countries1 discuss, develop and analyze economic and social policy. While all of the member countries are considered to b...

J. K. Jackson

2008-01-01

199

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (Updated May 27, 2005).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization in which the 30 member countries1 discuss, develop and analyze economic and social policy. While all of the member countries are considered to b...

J. K. Jackson

2005-01-01

200

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Updated February 8, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization in which the 30 member countries discuss, develop, and analyze economic and social policy and share expertise and exchanges with more than 70 de...

J. K. Jackson

2010-01-01

201

Global health funding and economic development.  

PubMed

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

Martin, Greg; Grant, Alexandra; D'Agostino, Mark

2012-04-10

202

Thailand's Economic Cooperation with Neighboring Countries and Its Effects on Economic Development within Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thailand's economic cooperation with neighboring countries, including not only trade and investment but also economic assistance, is tied inseparably to regional development within Thailand. Assistance to develop infrastructure along economic corridors, for example, promotes Thai regional development. This study examines the trade and investment relationships between Thailand and its neighboring countries, as well as related economic policies of Thailand. The

Takao Tsuneishi

2007-01-01

203

Issues in the Economic Development of Nonmetropolitan United States. Economic Development Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing issues relative to economic development in nonmetropolitan areas, this document presents narrative and tabular data re: (1) the causal forces behind economic decline in rural America (technology, shifting patterns of demand for goods and services, and changes in life styles and residential preferences); (2) the incidence and indicators…

Ledebur, Larry C.

204

Planned Tourism Development in Quintana Roo, Mexico: Engine for Regional Development or Prescription for Inequitable Growth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1960s the isolated tropical forest enclave of Quintana Roo was targeted by the Mexican Government to serve as the cornerstone for launching what is now considered to be one of Mexico’s most successful economic development strategies – Planned Tourism Development (PTD). This paper commences with a brief review of the role of state-driven PTD in Mexico’s national economic

Rebecca Torres; Janet Momsen

2005-01-01

205

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

206

Conceptualizing Local and Regional Economic Development in the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Valler D. and Wood A. Conceptualizing local and regional economic development in the USA, Regional Studies. Contemporary literature on local and regional economic development (LRED) in the USA is predominantly empirical and pragmatic, focusing on the conduct and efficacy of economic development policy. While this work is valuable in evaluating the detailed operation of local and regional economic development activity,

Dave Valler; Andrew Wood

2010-01-01

207

The Diverse Social and Economic Structure of Nonmetropolitan America. Rural Development Research Report No. 49.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective rural development planning depends on facts and analysis based, not on rural averages, but on the diverse social and economic structure of rural America. Programs tailored to particular types of rural economies may be more effective than generalized programs. Because of their unique characteristics, government policies and economic

Bender, Lloyd D.; And Others

208

Community Capacity Building to Strengthen SocioEconomic Development with Spatial Asset Mapping  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The concept of community capacity is regarded as the ability of people and communities to do works associated with the determinant factors and indicators of the circumstances of socio-economic and environmental contexts. Building capacity of communities to effectively address our problematic issues and planning of community development is often required to analyze current status of community of socio-economic capacity

Jaeik LIOU

209

77 FR 19178 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy AGENCY: Economic Development Administration (EDA),...

2012-03-30

210

Independent developer plans Wyoming project  

SciTech Connect

Little Horn Energy Wyoming, Inc. is proposing a project on the Dry Fork of the Little Big Horn River. The lower reservoir would be impounded by a roller-compacted concrete dam and an outlet tower on the upstream face of the dam would have multilevel intakes to allow selective temperature discharges into the Dry Fork. The asphalt-lined upper reservoir on an adjacent ridge would be contained by a 100 foot high rockfill embankment. Maximum planned daily drawdown is 45 ft. Preliminary plans call for water to drop through a 21 ft. diameter shaft to a manifold. Then ft. diameter penstocks would feed a four unit underground power house.

Not Available

1993-01-25

211

[Integration of demographic variables into development plans in the Sahel].  

PubMed

A founding principle of the Program of Action of N'Djamena is the interdependence of population and development and the need for development strategies to take demographic factors into account. The concept of integration of population variables into development has evolved since its introduction in the 1974 World Population Plan of Action from a simple description of population size, growth rates, and distribution to a stress on harmonizing population policies and development policies with macroeconomic variables. The essence of the concept is the consideration given by development policies and programs to the interrelations between population, resources, the environment, and development factors. Population variables and goals should ideally be treated as endogenous variables in development planning, but in practice the extreme complexity of such a systematic approach limits its ability to be made operational. Usually the most crucial problems only are included. Integrated planning is composed of explicit or implicit population policies intended to influence demographic variables and of socioeconomic policies intended to adapt to demographic change. In the Sahel, only Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Mali have formal population policies, but around 1980 several countries of the region began to show interest in influencing demographic variables as they did economic variables. Fundamental principles for developing an integration strategy can be applied regardless or whether the plan is based on projections, analysis of interaction of a demographic variable with factors specific to a sector, or a monosectorial or multisectorial demoeconomic planning model. Demographic data is used more frequently in diagnosing problems than in developing projections or formulating objectives. The level of disaggregation of demographic projections and estimates tends to be low, despite the great potential utility of demographic projections in planning. Demographic projections can be useful in analyses of the extent of changes and the implications of alternative scenarios of development planning. The most frequently used demographic variables in development planning have been spatial distribution of the population and mortality. An examination of past development plans in Mali relating to population and nutrition and population and health reveals several inconsistencies between stated goals and strategies intended to achieve them. The incoherence can be explained in part by the absence of a coherent national population policy, the failure to translate the population policy into programs that take into account reciprocal effects of demographic trends and economic perspectives and their social effects, and the absence of disaggregated population projections. An example from Senegal demonstrates the constraints imposed by structural adjustment programs on the entire planning process. PMID:12344768

Wane, H R

1992-07-01

212

Telecommunications infrastructure investment and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A two-way causal relationship between telecommunications infrastructure investment and economic development, established for the US economy in previous analysis, is tested at the more localized state and sub-state level and for two specific sub-categories of telecommunications infrastructure investment - central office equipment, and cable and wire. For time series of these two sub-categories of telecommunications investment compiled for the Commonwealth

Francis J. Cronin; Edwin B. Parker; Elisabeth K. Colleran; Mark A. Gold

1993-01-01

213

Coming clean for economic development: A resource book on environmental cleanup and economic development  

SciTech Connect

Economic Development practitioners increasingly confront environmental concerns and the added costs associated with site contamination. This report seeks to bring this knowledge to local officials who are struggling to increase economic activity in their communities. This guidebook offers detailed information on state and federal regulations and programs. It will help practitioners understand the problems, opportunities, and available tools needed to thoughtfuly integrate environmental cleanup into the economic development process. The report is laid out in five parts: (1) Framing the Issue, (2) Environmental Considerations, (3) Financing Tools, (4) Environmental Program Tools, and (5) Success Stories.

Bartsch, C.; Collaton, E.

1995-11-01

214

Economic Development for Small Communities and Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to provide an introductory understanding of challenges, goals, processes, and procedures for economic developers, particularly economic development volunteers, in rural areas and small towns. Chapter 1 defines economic development and basic terms. Chapter 2 describes major economic, social, and demographic trends that…

Phillips, Phillip D.

215

Economic Aspects of Sanitation in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

Background: Improved sanitation has been shown to have great impacts on people’s health and economy. However, the progress of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on halving the proportion of people without access to clean water and basic sanitation by 2015 has thus far been delayed. One of the reasons for the slow progress is that policy makers, as well as the general public, have not fully understood the importance of the improved sanitation solutions. This paper, by gathering relevant research findings, aims to report and discuss currently available evidence on the economic aspects of sanitation, including the economic impacts of unimproved sanitation and the costs and economic benefits of some common improved sanitation options in developing countries. Methods: Data used in this paper were obtained from different information sources: international and national journal articles and reports, web-based statistics, and fact sheets. We used both online search and hand search methods to gather the information. Results: Scientific evidence has demonstrated that the economic cost associated with poor sanitation is substantial. At the global level, failure to meet the MDG water and sanitation target would have ramifications in the area of US$38 billion, and sanitation accounts for 92% of this amount. In developing countries, the spending required to provide new coverage to meet the MDG sanitation target (not including program costs) is US$142 billion (US$ year 2005). This translates to a per capita spending of US$28 for sanitation. Annually, this translates to roughly US$14 million. The evidence complied in this paper demonstrates that investing in sanitation is socially and economically worthwhile. For every US$1 invested, achieving the sanitation MDG target and universal sanitation access in the non-OECD countries would result in a global return of US$9.1 and US$11.2, respectively. Conclusion: Given the current state of knowledge, sanitation is undeniably a profitable investment. It is clear that achieving the MDG sanitation target not only saves lives but also provides a foundation for economic growth.

Van Minh, Hoang; Nguyen-Viet, Hung

2011-01-01

216

EXPONENTIATED LOG-LOGISTIC DISTRIBUTION - AN ECONOMIC RELIABILITY TEST PLAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exponentiated log-logistic distribution introduced by Rosaiah et al (2006) is considered as a probability model for the life time of the product. Sampling plans in which items that are put to test, to collect the life of the items in order to decide upon accepting or rejecting a submitted lot, are called reliability test plans. A test plan to

K. Rosaiah; R. R. L. Kantam; Santosh Kumar

2007-01-01

217

Educational Reform and Economic Development in Cuba: Recent Developments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the overall change in Cuban education came about because of the revolution, expansion took place in several stages, each largely a function of the economic development policy being followed at the time. In the period up to 1964 when Cuba thought it could industrialize under the Soviet model it concentrated on developing basic education for…

Carnoy, Martin

218

Economic Development in American Indian Reservations. Development Series No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A collection of 13 scholarly articles and essays, this book makes available hard-to-find information and theories about American Indian economic development. Part I, "The Land and the People", emphasizes cultural traditions and beliefs of Indian people and traces the development of the concept of sovereignty and its applicability to Indian self…

Ortiz, Roxanne Dunbar, Ed.

219

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 ...COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS Eligible Activities § 570.203 Special economic development activities. A recipient may use CDBG funds...

2013-04-01

220

Spatial Linkages and Urban Economic Development. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the project Spatial Linkages and Urban Economic Development funded by the Economic Development Administration. The project consisted of five components: 1. Development of a time consistent set of spatial boundaries for neighborhoods...

L. Anselin S. J. Rey

2010-01-01

221

Reiselivsutbygging i Utmark: Organisering av Plan- og Utbyggingsprosessen (Development of Leisuretime Activities on Rough Grazing Land: Organizing for Planning and Development).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document gives guidance in how to plan and develop rough grazing land for leisure activities. The main priority is given to the procedures of planning and implementation. The document contains also a review of the legal framework and the economic and ...

A. S. Tjade M. Nymoen

1987-01-01

222

Incorporating an Applied Economic Development Component into a Geography Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how applied economic development has been integrated into the economic geography curriculum at Oregon State University (Corvallis). States that coursework in applied economic development should lead to greater understanding of the causes of economic change, the problems associated with growth or decline, and methods for achieving…

Kale, Steven R.

1989-01-01

223

A planning model for urban housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A planning model for urban housing projects is developed within the framework of systems analysis. The first part gives a cost model of housing projects. Costs are shown to depend on the costs of building sites, construction costs, costs for streets and for parking facilities. The planning model takes factual and legal constraints into consideration. A housing benefit function

H. Albach

1971-01-01

224

Strategic Planning · Marketing\\/Business Development · Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

• Over 10 years of experience in working successfully with people of different cultures • Provides leadership, direction, and administration for the growth of the organization • Cost effectiveness management, budgeting, and planning for the short and long term goals of the organization • Make use of limited resources to develop strategic plan to promote profit for the organization PROFESSIONAL

Felix Cheung

2007-01-01

225

Research and development quality assurance planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of supporting repeatable experiments with accurate data without unduly stifling their creative abilities. Careful advance planning ensures that the intensity

Hoke

1990-01-01

226

Economic Planning for Multicounty Rural Areas: Application of a Linear Programming Model in Northwest Arkansas. Technical Bulletin No. 1653.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Planners in multicounty rural areas can use the Rural Development, Activity Analysis Planning (RDAAP) model to try to influence the optimal growth of their areas among different general economic goals. The model implies that best industries for rural areas have: high proportion of imported inputs; low transportation costs; high value added/output…

Williams, Daniel G.

227

Economic Evaluation of Master City Plans - A Pilot Study of Vaesteraes, Sweden. Volume 1. Problems, Method, Data and Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the project has been to carry out a pilot study of one particular city to test a new method for the economic evaluation master city plans. The main reason for developing system model is the need to take account of strong interdependencies among...

R. Andersson A. Samartin J. Martinez

1983-01-01

228

Geothermal : Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Whatcom County, Washington.  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the local economic impacts that could be anticipated from the development of a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power plant in eastern Whatcom County, Washington, near Mt. Baker, as shown in Figure 1. The study was commissioned by the Bonneville Power Administration to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council. Whatcom County was chosen due to both identified geotherrnal resources and developer interest. The analysis will focus on two phases: a plant construction phase, including well field development, generating plant construction, and transmission line construction; and an operations phase. Economic impacts will occur to the extent that construction and operations affect the local economy. These impacts will depend on the existing structure of the Whatcom County economy and estimates of revenues that may accrue to the county as a result of plant construction, operation, and maintenance. Specific impacts may include additional direct employment at the plant, secondary impacts from wage payments being used to purchase locally produced goods and services, and impacts due to expenditures of royalty and tax payments received by the county. The basis for the analysis of economic impacts in this study is the US Forest Service IMPLAN input-output modeling system.

Lesser, Jonathan A.

1992-07-01

229

Geothermal : Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Skamania County, Washington.  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the local economic impacts that could be anticipated from the development of a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power plant in eastern Skamania County, Washington, near Mt. Adams, as shown in Figure 1. The study was commissioned by the Bonneville Power Administration to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council. Skamania County was chosen due to both identified geothermal resources and developer interest. The analysis will focus on two phases: a plant construction phase, including well field development, generating plant construction, and transmission line construction; and an operations phase. Economic impacts will occur to the extent that construction and operations affect the local economy. These impacts will depend on the existing structure of the Skamania County economy and estimates of revenues that may accrue to the county as a result of plant construction, operation, and maintenance. Specific impacts may include additional direct employment at the plant, secondary impacts from wage payments being used to purchase locally produced goods and services, and impacts due to expenditures of royalty and tax payments received by the county. The basis for the analysis of economic impacts in this study is the US Forest Service IMPLAN input-output modeling system.

Lesser, Jonathan A.

1992-07-01

230

Economic aspects of mastitis: new developments.  

PubMed

Good udder health is not only important for the dairy farmer but, because of increasing interest of consumers in the way dairy products are produced, also for the dairy production chain as a whole. An important role of veterinarians is in advising on production diseases such as mastitis. A large part of this advice is given around the planning of management to maintain or improve the udder health status of a farm. Mastitis is a costly disease, due to losses (a reduction of output due to mastitis) and expenditure (additional inputs to reduce the level of mastitis). Worldwide, published estimates of the economic losses of clinical mastitis range from €61 to €97 per cow on a farm, with large differences between farms, e.g. in The Netherlands, losses due to clinical and subclinical mastitis varied between €17 and €198 per cow per year. Moreover, farmers tended to underestimate these costs. This indicates that for a large proportion of farms there are many avoidable losses. In order to provide good support to farmers' decision-making, it is important to describe the mastitis setting not only in terms of disease, e.g. incidence of clinical mastitis, but also in monetary terms; and to make good decisions, it is necessary to provide the dairy farmer with information on the additional expenditure and reduced losses associated with alternative decisions. Six out of 18 preventive measures were shown to have a positive nett benefit, viz blanket use of dry-cow therapy, keeping cows standing after milking, back-flushing of the milk cluster after milking a cow with clinical mastitis, application of a treatment protocol, washing dirty udders, and the use of milkers' gloves. For those measures that included a large amount of routine labour or investment, the reduced losses did not outweigh the additional expenditure. The advisor cannot expect that measures that are cost-effective are always implemented. Reasons for this are the objectives of the dairy farmer can be other than maximisation of profit, resources to improve the mastitis situation compete with other fields of management, risk involved with the decision, economic behaviour of the dairy farmer, and valuation of the cost factors by the dairy farmer. For all decision-makers this means that, although financial incentives do have an effect on the management of mastitis, it is not always sufficient to show the economic benefits of improved management to induce an improvement of management of mastitis. PMID:21328153

Hogeveen, H; Huijps, K; Lam, T J G M

2011-01-01

231

Exemplary Project Handbook: Participating in Economic Development. CETA and Reservation Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist Native American reservation program planners, this handbook highlights a number of exemplary uses of Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) funds in reservation economic development, presents a discussion of the problems reservations may face in meeting the new funding directions of the federal government, and…

Fazio, Ernest J., Jr.; And Others

232

Economic Development, Education and Transnational Corporations. Routledge Studies in Development Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the questions of: why do some economically disadvantaged nations develop significantly faster than others, and what roles do their educational systems play? As case illustrations, in the early 1960s Mexico and South Korea were both equally underdeveloped agrarian societies. Since that time, the development strategies pursued…

Hanson, Mark

2011-01-01

233

Exemplary Project Handbook: Participating in Economic Development. CETA and Reservation Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed to assist Native American reservation program planners, this handbook highlights a number of exemplary uses of Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) funds in reservation economic development, presents a discussion of the problems reservations may face in meeting the new funding directions of the federal government, and…

Fazio, Ernest J., Jr.; And Others

234

Economic Development, Education and Transnational Corporations. Routledge Studies in Development Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book focuses on the questions of: why do some economically disadvantaged nations develop significantly faster than others, and what roles do their educational systems play? As case illustrations, in the early 1960s Mexico and South Korea were both equally underdeveloped agrarian societies. Since that time, the development strategies pursued…

Hanson, Mark

2011-01-01

235

Brazil Vocational Education. Aspects of Economic Policy & Planning. Proceedings of the Conference at Northeastern University (Boston, Massachusetts, June 11-12, 1984). CIHED Conference Series No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These proceedings consist of the following eight papers: "Vocational Training in Brazil--Aspects of Economic Policy and Planning," by Gustav Schachter "Economic Stabilization and Medium Term Development Strategy in Brazil," by Peter T. Knight; "Training and Development," by Manuel Zymelman; "The Organization of the Brazilian System," by Morris A.…

Schachter, Gustav, Ed.

236

Analysis of Distribution Research and Development Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three important areas of electric utility distribution system research have been identified: planning methods, system surveillance and control, and data file technology. This study developed information and factual data for use by EPRI in formulating rese...

L. Isaksen

1975-01-01

237

Stream Quality Preservation through Planned Urban Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects of a land use plan to restrict urban development in areas critical to the water resource system are identified through empirical studies. Specifically, relationships are established between amount, density, type, and location of urban developm...

R. E. Coughlin T. R. Hammer

1973-01-01

238

Health Development Plan: Update - Fiscal Year 1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A comprehensive health plan is presented for the seven southeastern Kentucky counties comprising the Kentucky River Area Development District. The District is located in Appalachia, and the population is primarily rural. In 1970, more than half of the tot...

1975-01-01

239

National Energy Planning for Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper is a summary of what has been learned from the experience with national energy planning in developing countries. It considers lessons learned about the roles of data, analysis, and modeling in this enterprise, because of the connections between...

T. J. Wilbanks

1986-01-01

240

Behavioral economics perspectives on public sector pension plans.  

PubMed

We describe the pension plan features of the states and the largest cities and counties in the U.S. Unlike in the private sector, defined benefit (DB) pensions are still the norm in the public sector. However, a few jurisdictions have shifted toward defined contribution (DC) plans as their primary savings plan, and fiscal pressures are likely to generate more movement in this direction. Holding fixed a public employee's work and salary history, we show that DB retirement income replacement ratios vary greatly across jurisdictions. This creates large variation in workers' need to save for retirement in other accounts. There is also substantial heterogeneity across jurisdictions in the savings generated in primary DC plans because of differences in the level of mandatory employer and employee contributions. One notable difference between public and private sector DC plans is that public sector primary DC plans are characterized by required employee or employer contributions (or both), whereas private sector plans largely feature voluntary employee contributions that are supplemented by an employer match. We conclude by applying lessons from savings behavior in private sector savings plans to the design of public sector plans. PMID:21789032

Beshears, John; Choi, James J; Laibson, David; Madrian, Brigitte C

2011-04-01

241

Development of Automated Fixture Planning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fixturing is an important manufacturing activity. The computeraided fixture design technique is being rapidly developed to\\u000a reduce the lead time involved in manufacturing planning. An automated fixture configuration design system has been developed\\u000a to select automatically modular fixture components and place them in position with satisfactory assembly relationships In\\u000a this paper, an automated fixturing planning system is presented in which

W. Ma; J. Li; Y. Rong

1999-01-01

242

Exploring Gap Analysis to Evaluate Participant Satisfaction Regarding Community Development Planning Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the effect of participants' expectations on their satisfaction regarding community development planning programs. The marketing literature establishes that satisfaction depends on whether experiences meet or exceed expectations, a concept operationalized as “gap analysis,” but studies have not previously considered that participants' expectations and experiences may drive their satisfaction regarding economic development planning programs. The authors apply the

Michael F. Walsh; Peter V. Schaeffer

2008-01-01

243

The Role of the Telephone in Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is concerned with the role which telecommunications, and more specifically the telephone, plays in economic development. The study tests whether the telephone contributes to economic development, and how it makes this contribution. Indicators of...

A. P. Hardy

1980-01-01

244

Economic Development Administration Annual Report, Fiscal Year 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EDA's (Economic Development Administration's) mission is to lead the federal economic development agenda by promoting innovation and competitiveness, preparing American regions for growth and success in the worldwide economy. This report documents EDAs ef...

2007-01-01

245

Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, the future of Minnesota's economy has been called into question. The resulting debate illustrates how little is understood about the fundamentals that underlie economic development. While many recognize the success of the Minnesota economy in the past, they see a weakening in the foundations of that success. Some point to the decline in corporate headquarters

Art Rolnick; Rob Grunewald

246

South Africa's Economic Development Trajectory: Implications for Skills Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that skills development in South Africa must be aligned to the economic and political imperatives of reducing unemployment and poverty, while fostering growth and international competitiveness. The legacy of a resource-based economy, overlaid by apartheid policies, has resulted in widespread poverty, inequality and unemployment…

Mayer, Marina J.; Altman, Miriam

2005-01-01

247

Economic diversity, development capacity and sustainable development of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's economic growth over the past several decades has been among the highest in the world. It has been fueled by cheap fossil fuel energy so energy consumption has risen rapidly, but there are signs that negative feedbacks in the form of waste and inefficiency may affect future development. If energy throughput exceeds the capacity of the environment to process

Zhongmin Xu; Guodong Cheng; Dongjin Chen; Paul H. Templet

2002-01-01

248

An economic reliability test plan: Log-logistic distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sampling plans in which items that are put to test, to collect the life of the items in order to decide upon accepting or rejecting a submitted lot, are called reliability test plans. The basic probability model of the life of the product is specified as the well-known log-logistic distribution with a known shape parameter. For a given producer's risk,

R. R. L. Kantam; G. Srinivasa Rao; B. Sriram

2006-01-01

249

The long term impact of economic development in developed countries on developing countries since 1820  

Microsoft Academic Search

The linkages between the economic development of developed and developing countries are analyzed historically. The analysis is divided into epochs, distinguished by global trade regimes and by common characteristics of long term economic growth. The break throughs in long distance transport technology which occured during the industrial revolution created a global economy in which the rythm of economic activity in

Irma Adelman

1995-01-01

250

The role of government in economic development: the chinese experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the role of government in China's economic reform and development years. The study first provides a literature review about major functions government played in the modern economic system and the importance of government policies to economic development. It then evaluates the experience of the Chinese government in the process of reform and development by focusing on five

Kuotsai Tom Liou

1998-01-01

251

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...that increases the capacity of governance...respect to economic development projects expected...conference on economic development. The use of HUD EZ Grant Funds for capacity building under...water or sewer capacity, or street widening...meets the economic development standard...

2009-04-01

252

The role of the telephone in economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author investigates the telephone's role as a contributory agent in economic development. Cross-sectional time series data for 60 nations over 13 years were used to determine how the telephone might make its contribution to economic development. Path analysis and cross-lagged correlation techniques indicate that the telephone does contribute to economic development. This contribution appears to come from the telephone's

Andrew P. Hardy

1980-01-01

253

Golf course development in a major tourist destination: implications for planning and management.  

PubMed

The planning and design of golf course developments is influenced by many factors. This paper focuses on the environmental ramifications of insufficient or lack of compliance with standard environmental and economic planning practices. Specifically, it looks at a tourist destination location that was under the influence of extensive land development and investment speculation. The Gold Coast in Australia was the focal point for large overseas investment due to changes in government legislation regarding foreign investment. Due to the economic climate in the second half of the 1980s many golf course resort developments were built, approved, or planned. Many of these circumvented normal business and environment planning processes. The result has been a dangerous concentration of golf facilities in environmentally sensitive areas and an oversupply of golf facilities. Both of these matters are discussed in terms of the general planning process and the potential economic and environmental impacts to the Gold Coast and similar destinations in other parts of the world. PMID:11334156

Warnken, J; Thompson, D; Zakus, D H

2001-05-01

254

Developing Motor Planning over Ages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few studies have explored the development of response selection processes in children in the case of object manipulation. In the current research, we studied the "end-state comfort effect," the tendency to ensure a comfortable position at the end rather than at the beginning of simple object manipulation tasks. We used two versions of the…

Thibaut, Jean-Pierre; Toussaint, Lucette

2010-01-01

255

Solid waste management complex site development plan  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of this Solid Waste Management Complex Site Development Plan is to optimize the location of future solid waste treatment and storage facilities and the infrastructure required to support them. An overall site plan is recommended. Further, a series of layouts are included that depict site conditions as facilities are constructed at the SWMC site. In this respect the report serves not only as the siting basis for future projects, but provides siting guidance for Project W-112, as well. The plan is intended to function as a template for expected growth of the site over the next 30 years so that future facilities and infrastructure will be properly integrated.

Greager, T.M.

1994-09-30

256

Africa Recovery: Tracking the Continent's Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library and Publications Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information has recently begun providing major excerpts of its quarterly periodical Africa Recovery via the web. The publication tracks economic and social development issues in Africa. The latest issue (July 1997) contains articles on Congolese reconstruction, the 33rd Summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the recent G-7 Summit, and the recent Africa Governance Forum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (UN Special Initiative). Articles are mostly concise news summaries. There are also sections on upcoming and recent conferences and pertinent books, as well as the features Africa in Brief and Under the Baobob Tree, which highlights a single African issue.

1997-01-01

257

Curriculum Planning for the Development of Graphicacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to imagine a better future and work towards materialising this is "key" to economic development and technological change. Recent research has highlighted the importance graphicacy has in these developments as well as in people's everyday lives; professionally, socially and culturally (Considine, 1987; Stokes, 2002). Graphicacy…

Danos, X.; Norman, E.

2012-01-01

258

Bayesian acceptance sampling plans following economic criteria: An application to paper pulp manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purposes of this paper are to derive Bayesian acceptance sampling plans regarding the number of defects per unit of product, and to illustrate how to apply the methodology to the paper pulp industry. The sampling plans are obtained following an economic criterion: minimize the expected total cost of quality. It has been assumed that the number of defects

Camino GonzÁLez; Gabriel Palomo

2003-01-01

259

Bayesian Economic Variable Acceptance-Sampling Plan Using Inverse Gaussian Model and Step-Loss Function  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inverse Gaussian (IG) distribution is used as a lifetime model to obtain optimal values for sample size (n) and action limit (d) for employing economic variable acceptance-sampling plans based on step-loss function. IG prior distribution is assumed for the lot mean. The cost function consists of three components: costs of acceptance, rejection, and inspection. Robustness of the proposed samling plan

M. S. Aminzadeh

2003-01-01

260

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...105 Planning/performing development. (a) General. Planning...an evaluation of specific development for a specific site...local economy, aesthetic and cultural values, public and private...All planning and performing development work is the...

2013-01-01

261

43 CFR 3931.11 - Content of plan of development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND LEASES Plans of Development and Exploration Plans... Content of plan of development. The POD must contain...major topographic and cultural features; (d...methods of operation and development, including the...

2010-10-01

262

43 CFR 3931.11 - Content of plan of development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND LEASES Plans of Development and Exploration Plans... Content of plan of development. The POD must contain...major topographic and cultural features; (d...methods of operation and development, including the...

2009-10-01

263

49 CFR 37.137 - Paratransit plan development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...solicit participation in the development of its plan by the widest...opportunities to participate in the development of the paratransit plan...Consultation shall begin at an early stage in the plan development and should involve...

2012-10-01

264

49 CFR 37.137 - Paratransit plan development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...solicit participation in the development of its plan by the widest...opportunities to participate in the development of the paratransit plan...Consultation shall begin at an early stage in the plan development and should involve...

2011-10-01

265

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through their own resources...or the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and management...

2013-01-01

266

Rock support system development test plan  

SciTech Connect

The Test Plan has been prepared to support design activities for the development of a rock support system for a Nuclear Waste Repository in Basalt (NWRB). The rock support system is assumed to consist of a combination of shotcrete and rock bolts. The seven testing activities include mix development and physical testing of shotcrete, durability testing of shotcrete, durability testing of rock bolt grouts, field tests on rock bolts, field testing of shotcrete, and heated room test. The objective of the Test Plan is to develop required data through combined laboratory, field, and office studies for design and design validation of the rock support system. The overall Test Plan is developed to provide a logical progression from laboratory tests performed to characterize fundamental thermomechanical properties of shotcrete and grouts, to field tests on rock bolts and shotcrete, and in situ performance tests. 21 refs., 15 figs., 33 tabs.

Patricio, J.G. (Rockwell International Corp., Richland, WA (USA). Rockwell Hanford Operations)

1984-03-30

267

Understanding and Implementing Economic Development for a Rural Indian Community - Final Report 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Overall Economic Development Plan for the Haliwa-Saponi Tribal Community is developed to address the problems of the American Indian people residing in the rural areas of Halifax and Warren County, North Carolina who are in the unemployed and low inco...

A. Richardson K. Wilson

1982-01-01

268

Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Modelling for Regional Economic Development Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Partridge M. D. and Rickman D. S. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) modelling for regional economic development analysis, Regional Studies. Despite their long-standing use in economic policy analysis generally, and increasing popularity in regional policy analysis, computable general equilibrium (CGE) models have yet to become the dominant approach for analysis of regional economic development policies. This review discusses the likely reasons

Mark D. Partridge; Dan S. Rickman

2010-01-01

269

Economic development of pakistan_a brief review  

Microsoft Academic Search

WHAT IS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ? Economic development means sustainable qualitative changes in the living conditions of general public in a country over a long period of time. Living condition means economic wellbeing not only in material sense but also in social sense. Conventionally per capita income has been used to measure standards of living. Some other measures such as per

shazia kazmi

2004-01-01

270

An Analysis of the Patterns of Argentine Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper analyzes the pattern of Argentine economic development from the mid-nineteenth century until the present day. Initially, an overview of the Argentine developmental experience is given, emphasizing the three general phases of Argentine economic d...

R. J. Beckman

1972-01-01

271

Economic Development Policies and Programs for the Muskegon County Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report outlines a broad economic development program for Muskegon County, Michigan, and the surrounding area. It encompasses a theoretical and empirical analysis of the present economic status and future opportunities, an overall three-staged developm...

J. R. Sheaffer H. Bonus K. Cypra

1970-01-01

272

Campus Heritage Planning: Understanding the Economics "and" Managing the Financing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many it's a dollars and cents issue; for others, it's a heritage or spiritual issue. In reality campus heritage is both a spiritual and a monetary/economic issue. Some say that heritage should reflect institutional values, tradition, academic stature, and the role graduates have played in society, and others cast aside tradition and pay…

McGirr, Dale; Kull, Ronald

2011-01-01

273

Economic Criteria for Planning Transmission Investment in Restructured Electricity Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

From an economic perspective, a common criterion for assessing the merits of a transmission investment is its impacts on social welfare. The underlying assumption in using this criterion is that side payments may be used to distribute the social gains among all market players. In reality, however, since the impacts of an electricity transmission project on different players may vary,

Enzo E. Sauma; Shmuel S. Oren

2007-01-01

274

Design of economically optimal acceptance sampling plans with inspection error  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models to determine economically optimal quality control systems have appeared in the literature for a number of years and involved a variety of approaches. This approach is unique because of the following reasons: (1) A continuous loss function is used to quantify deviations between a quality characteristic and its target level. (2) Inspector error is modeled explicitly as is the

William G. Ferrell Jr.; Aman Chhoker

2002-01-01

275

The Dependent Character of Development Planning in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines development planning in one particular developing country, namely Tanzania, and the problem of dependency associated with it. It analyses Tanzania's shift from a comprehensive development planning to a decentralized planning in 1980 in terms of sector and area plans and indicative planning, in the form of Poverty Reduction Strategy. This shift, which had more to do with

Benedict Mongula

2006-01-01

276

Planning practice in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains: the case of the Mekong delta floodplains.  

PubMed

Road development in relatively undisturbed floodplain systems, such as the floodplains of the Mekong River, will impact hydraulics and interrupt the natural flow of water. This affects the ecology and environment, and the livelihoods of people who depend on fishing and agriculture. On the other hand, floods can severely damage road infrastructure in years with large floods and can cause high annual maintenance costs. Improving road development practices in floodplains is a complex, multidimensional task involving hydraulic and geotechnical analysis, ecosystem analysis, socio-economic analysis, policy analysis, etc. This paper analyses the planning practice of road development and rehabilitation and how this practice can be improved in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains. It is concluded that although ample technical, planning and environmental assessment guidelines exist, guidelines need updating to address cumulative impacts at floodplain level and factors hampering the implementation in guidelines should be addressed in the guideline design (process). PMID:23735460

Douven, Wim; Buurman, Joost

2013-06-02

277

Impact of the National Energy Plan on Solar Economics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Energy Plan (NEP) sets as a goal the use of solar energy in two and a half million homes in 1985. A key provision of the NEP (as well as congressional alternatives) provides for the subsidization of solar equipment. The extent to which these ...

S. Ben-David S. Noll F. Roach W. Schulze

1977-01-01

278

Marine Pollution Research in Exclusive Economic Zone Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of EEZ planning strategies have generally ignored the role of marine pollution research in identifying interrelations between domestic and international policy goals. Many issues relating, to nearshore and open ocean pollution assessment and control need to be considered in a new light given the current climate of uncertainty stemming from the evolving U.S. position on EEZ rights and responsibilities.

B. Boxer

1984-01-01

279

National energy planning for developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a summary of what has been learned from the experience with national energy planning in developing countries. It considers lessons learned about the roles of data, analysis, and modeling in this enterprise, because of the connections between these components and our common interest in research to advance the state of the art; but it concludes that the most important needs at this time are institutional rather than analytical, which suggests a somewhat different set of priorities for scholarship related to national energy planning in the developing world.

Wilbanks, T.J.

1986-01-01

280

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the GNEP Technology Demonstration Program (GNEP-TDP). It has been prepared to guide the development of integrated plans and budgets for realizing the domestic portion of the GNEP vision as well as providing the basis for developing international cooperation. Beginning with the GNEP overall goals, it describes the basic technical objectives for each element of the program, summarizes the technology status and identifies the areas of greatest technical risk. On this basis a proposed technology demonstration program is described that can deliver the required information for a Secretarial decision in the summer of 2008 and support construction of facilities.

David J. Hill

2007-07-01

281

Workforce and Economic Development in New Jersey: Q & A with James E. McGreevey, Governor of New Jersey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an interview with James E. McGreevey, Governor of New Jersey. In this interview, Gov. McGreevey discusses workforce and economic development in New Jersey and how he plans to expand higher educational opportunities.|

Community College Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

282

Africa's Past Economic Development and its Determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the colonial era to the present, economic progress in sub-Saharan Africa has been slow. This paper argues that Africa's stagnation started be- fore the European expansion and that modern influences are not able to fully account for Africa's growth tragedy. The paper uses measures of urbanization to proxy for economic progress in pre-modern times and shows that before the

Javier A. Birchenall

283

Research and Development Program Plan for Geopressure-Geothermal Resources  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Geopressure-Geothermal Program of the Division of Geothermal Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, is to determine by the end of FY86 the magnitude and economic potential of the geopressure-geothermal resources. This Program Plan describes how the Department of Energy proposes to achieve this objective. The main purposes of the current program are to narrow the range of uncertainty on the potential recovery of energy from the geopressure-geothermal resources and to ensure the timely development of these resources as the potential is demonstrated. For these purposes, the Division of Geothermal Energy has established the following objectives: (1) Define the magnitude, potential, and economics of the resources. (2) Conduct supporting research on reservoir and fluid characteristics. (3) Adapt or develop downhole, surface, and disposal technology. (4) Identify and mitigate adverse environmental, legal, and institutional issues in order to promote commercialization.

None

1980-12-01

284

Developing family planning nurse practitioner protocols.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the process of development of protocols for family planning nurse practitioners. A rationale for the use of protocols, a definition of the types and examples, and the pros and cons of practice with protocols are presented. A how-to description for the development process follows, including methods and a suggested tool for critique and evaluation. The aim of the article is to assist nurse practitioners in developing protocols for their practice. PMID:6563201

Hawkins, J W; Roberto, D

285

The environmental and economic consequences of the developments of lead stocks in the Dutch economic system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the developments of lead stocks in the Dutch economy and the consequences of such developments for the environment and the economy. The analysis is based on a dynamic substance stock model that combines physical and socio-economic elements. The model estimates lead demand in different applications as a result of the developments in the socio-economic variables. In addition,

Ayman Elshkaki; Ester Van der Voet; Mirja Van Holderbeke; Veerle Timmermans

2004-01-01

286

Guidelines for Analysis of Health Sector Financing in Developing Countries. Volume 8: Health Sector Financing in Developing Countries. International Health Planning Methods Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to assist Agency for International Development officers, advisors, and health officials in incorporating health planning into national plans for economic development, this eighth of ten manuals in the International Health Planning Methods series provides a methodology for conducting a study of health sector financing. It presents an…

Robertson, Robert L.; And Others

287

Brazil's development plan centers on deepwater oil  

SciTech Connect

Brazil's state owned Petroleos Brasileiro SA continues to advance deepwater technology as it pushes the frontier in ultradeep waters of the Campos basin off Rio de Janeiro state. Petrobras holds many world records related to deepwater drilling and production. But the Campos basin campaign goes beyond technological bragging rights. The prolific basin, which accounts for more than half the country's crude oil production, is expected to be the cornerstone of Brazil's plans to boost production to 1 million b/d at year end 1993. Even with the surge to 1 million b/d, Brazil almost certainly will continue to be a net oil importer. The missed production targets result not from lack of identified oil reserves or technological capability, both of which Petrobras has in abundance in the Campos basin. The problem is lack of capital in the financially stressed country. Petrobras began reassessing its spending plans in 1992 after projections called for a need to spend about $18 billion on exploration and production to meet the target of 1 million b/d by 1995. Those plans are being further reassessed as Brazil's government indicates it might slash Petrobras's budget by half this year amid continuing economic turmoil. The funding dilemma also strengthens the case for at least partially privatizing the giant state petroleum concern, a controversial step at best. The paper discusses Campos surge in production, the Campos potential, deepwater record, Marlim Phase 1, Albacora field production, the possibility of foreign participation, and the Barracuda field pilot.

Not Available

1993-01-03

288

Essays in Development Economics and the Economics of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is a powerful tool to improve lives and enhance the prospect of innovation and development of nations. While primary school enrollment has increased considerably over the past few decades in Sub-Saharan Africa, learning and the retention rate have remained low. The first two chapters of this dissertation analyze two dimensions in a bid…

Blimpo, Moussa Pouguinimpo

2010-01-01

289

Essays in Development Economics and the Economics of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education is a powerful tool to improve lives and enhance the prospect of innovation and development of nations. While primary school enrollment has increased considerably over the past few decades in Sub-Saharan Africa, learning and the retention rate have remained low. The first two chapters of this dissertation analyze two dimensions in a bid…

Blimpo, Moussa Pouguinimpo

2010-01-01

290

Developing a Playground Injury Prevention Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playgrounds are a major source of unintentional injuries in the school environment. In fact, 80% of all injuries on public playground equipment happen at school. Thus, the need for developing a playground injury prevention plan is critical to provide safe educational outdoor environments for children. The S.A.F.E.[TM] framework for injury…

Olsen, Heather M.; Hudson, Susan D.; Thompson, Donna

2008-01-01

291

Economic implications of climate change for infrastructure planning in transboundary water systems: An example from the Blue Nile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research develops a hydroeconomic modeling framework for integrating climate change impacts into the problem of planning water resources infrastructure development. It then illustrates use of that framework in evaluation of two alternative sizes of a potential hydropower project along the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. Storing water in a Blue Nile reservoir provides an interesting case for testing this integrated approach because such a project would induce a number of physical and economic changes, both transboundary and climate-dependent. The proposed framework makes two contributions to the existing literature on water resources project appraisal. First, it demonstrates how routinely used hydrological modeling techniques can be supplemented with Monte Carlo simulation to include economic uncertainties inherent in the planning problem, in addition to its more commonly considered physical dimensions. Second, it demonstrates how analysts can include a number of linkages between climate change, hydrology, and economic production in conventional planning models to develop better understanding of the complexities and important uncertainties associated with future conditions. While the framework described here has not been used in a full analysis of alternative development projects in the Blue Nile, the general approach could be combined with a variety of decision-analytic tools to evaluate design and management alternatives in water resources systems.

Jeuland, Marc

2010-11-01

292

Suggestions for Incorporating Economic Development Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research project examines the role of TxDOT projects in promoting economic diversification in Texas. The authors conclude that while good access is a necessary condition for diversification, it is not sufficient to assure diversification. The role of ...

C. A. Weatherby

1998-01-01

293

Global economic developments: A view from Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a free market world economy now characterized by a strong trend towards integrated economic areas dominated by North America,\\u000a Western Europe and the Pacific, effective cooperation is the key to sustained success.

Alexis P. Lautenberg

1989-01-01

294

Highway Investment and Rural Economic Development: An Annotated Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Dennis M. Brown, Food and Rural Economics Division, US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA ERS) (described in the July 2, 1999 Scout Report for Business & Economics), this annotated bibliography summarizes studies on the rural economic development implications of highway investment. The bibliography includes some urban studies in addition to rural and covers the effects of highway investment on different industries, local and regional spatial effects, and highway effects over time, among other issues.

Brown, Dennis M.

1999-01-01

295

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303.7 ...COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7 Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. (a) General....

2011-01-01

296

77 FR 6517 - Economic Development Administration Regulatory Revision; Comment Period Extension  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economic Development Administration 13 CFR Parts...Docket No. 120202093-2093-01] Economic Development Administration Regulatory Revision; Comment Period Extension AGENCY: Economic Development Administration...

2012-02-08

297

Cultural diversity, economic development and societal instability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Background. Social scientists have suggested that cultural diversity in a nation leads to societal instability. However, societal instability may be affected not only by within-nation on ?? diversity, but also diversity between a nation and its neighbours or ?? diversity. It is also necessary to distinguish different domains of diversity, namely linguistic, ethnic and religious, and to distinguish between the direct effects of diversity on societal instability, and effects that are mediated by economic conditions. Methodology/Principal Findings. We assembled a large cross-national dataset with information on ?? and ?? cultural diversity, economic conditions, and indices of societal instability. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of cultural diversity on economics and societal stability. Results show that different type and domains of diversity have interacting effects. As previously documented, linguistic ?? diversity has a negative effect on economic performance, and we show that it is largely through this economic mechanism that it affects societal instability. For ?? diversity, the higher the linguistic diversity among nations in a region, the less stable the nation. But, religious ?? diversity has the opposite effect, reducing instability, particularly in the presence of high linguistic diversity. Conclusions. Within-nation linguistic diversity is associated with reduced economic performance, which, in turn, increases societal instability. Nations which differ linguistically from their neighbors are also less stable. However, religious diversity between, neighboring nations has the opposite effect, decreasing societal instability.

Nettle, D.; Grace, J. B.; Choisy, M.; Cornell, H. V.; Guegan, J. -F.; Hochberg, M. E.

2007-01-01

298

Strategy and planning for chemopreventive drug development: clinical development plans II.  

PubMed

This is the second publication of Clinical Development Plans from the National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Chemoprevention Branch and Agent Development Committee. The Clinical Development Plans summarize the status of promising chemopreventive agents regarding evidence for safety and chemopreventive efficacy in preclinical and clinical studies. They also contain the strategy for further development of these drugs, addressing pharmacodynamics, drug effect measurements, intermediate biomarkers for monitoring efficacy, toxicity, supply and formulation, regulatory approval, and proposed clinical trials. Sixteen new Clinical Development Plans are presented here: curcumin, dehydroepiandrosterone, folic acid, genistein, indole-3-carbinol, perillyl alcohol, phenethyl isothiocyanate, 9-cis-retinoic acid, 13-cis-retinoic acid, l-selenomethionine and 1, 4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate, sulindac sulfone, tea, ursodiol, vitamin A, and (+)-vorozole. The objective of publishing these plans is to stimulate interest and thinking among the scientific community on the prospects for developing these and future generations of chemopreventive drugs. PMID:9154168

Kelloff, G J; Crowell, J A; Hawk, E T; Steele, V E; Lubet, R A; Boone, C W; Covey, J M; Doody, L A; Omenn, G S; Greenwald, P; Hong, W K; Parkinson, D R; Bagheri, D; Baxter, G T; Blunden, M; Doeltz, M K; Eisenhauer, K M; Johnson, K; Knapp, G G; Longfellow, D G; Malone, W F; Nayfield, S G; Seifried, H E; Swall, L M; Sigman, C C

1996-01-01

299

Balancing economic development with environmental protection in developing and lesser developed countries  

SciTech Connect

Recent experience suggests that poverty and environmental degradation go hand in hand. Economic development, on the other hand, provides the financial and technical resources needed for the protection of human health and natural ecosystems. Balancing economic development and environmental protection in developing countries requires a refocusing of economic activity -- not towards producing less, but producing differently. Strategies for the integration of economic development and environmental protection are outlined here, as is the proposed role that will need to be played by the World Bank. 4 refs., 3 figs.

El-Ashry, M.T. (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01

300

Planning for Harvard Massachusetts. Comprehensive General Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Comprehensive General Plan presented in the report is a step in the continuous process of planning for the following purposes: To preserve and maintain the 'rural' character of Harvard as exemplified in the Common, orchards, wetlands, 'quiet winding r...

C. W. Eliot

1970-01-01

301

Distributional coalitions, state strength, and economic growth: Toward a comprehensive theory of economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-performing economies in the Asia-Pacific region together with only mediocre economic development in Latin America prompts the question of what explains differential economic growth rates among developing countries. Combining a statist perspective with Olson's theory of interest group formation, this research hypothesizes that nations with weak distributional coalitions will more likely experience high growth and state intervention will be effective.

Eddie Wing Yin Tang; R. Alan Hedley

1998-01-01

302

Office of Economic Development, Lake Placid Olympic Organizing Committee, Annual Report, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With $56 million in Federal funds from the Department of Commerce Economic Development Administration and the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, plans to design and build facilities for the 1980 Olympic Winter Games at Lake Placid, New York are reported in this stud...

1978-01-01

303

The Urban Development/Open Space Action Program in Santa Clara County: An Economic Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report assesses the Urban Development/Open Space Action Program (UD/OS) of the Santa Clara County Planning Policy Committee in terms of impact on urban sprawl and its overall effects on the urban land market. The economic consequences of UD/OS are eva...

B. F. Massell

1973-01-01

304

Economic Partnership Agreements Between Sub-Saharan Africa and the EU: A Development Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on Hinkle and Schiff (2003). It analyses the planned Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) between the EU and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from a development perspective. It does not take a position on whether SSA should enter into EPAs with the EU. Rather, it starts from the notion that the process of forming EPAs is unlikely to be reversed

Lawrence E. Hinkle; Maurice Schiff

2004-01-01

305

City foresight and development planning case study: Implementation of scenario planning in formulation of the Bulungan development plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the formulation of the Bulungan Development Plan (2002) that sought to formulate a 25 year city vision. The foresight process included how to prepared the process, implemented the scenario planning method, created consensus amongst stakeholders, and formulated graphic and narrative scenarios that explored alternative future for Bulungan. Based on these scenarios, the stakeholders formulated a vision for

Jaizuluddin Mahmud

2011-01-01

306

South Asian Network for Environmental Development and Economics (SANDEE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics' (SANDEE) mission is to strengthen the capacity of individuals and institutions in South Asia to undertake research on the inter-linkages among economic development, poverty, and environmental change and to disseminate practical information that can be applied to development policies.

2008-10-27

307

Local economic development in Africa: Global context and research directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper locates local economic development research and practice in Africa in a global context. It provides an overview of the international development of local economic development (LED), of its contested definitions and theoretical status, and of existing scholarship on the topic of LED policy and practice specifically across sub-Saharan Africa. Currently there is much more LED research available for

Christian M Rogerson; Jayne M Rogerson

2010-01-01

308

Stalking Local Economic Development Benefits: A Review of Evaluation Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is widespread civic concern about the gap between local economic development promises and outcomes, particularly for business incentives made available by local jurisdictions. This article examines how this problem results from the design limitations of local economic development policy, the typical result being vaguely designed programs with multiple goals. A case study of Industrial Development Bonds (JDBs) in Chicago

Robert P. Giloth

1992-01-01

309

Economic Development Policy: Explaining Policy Preferences among Competing Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on political and bureaucratic factors that retard the reform of U.S. economic development policy. Several models for economic development are examined, as are the policy preferences among them. A typology is presented of different development policies integrating the various political, bureaucratic, and environmental factors. (GLR)

Spindler, Charles J.; Forrester, John P.

1993-01-01

310

Social and institutional factors of economic development: evidence from Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social and institutional determinants of economic development are attracting increasing attention among development economists. The present paper analyses the impact of macro-level social capital and related social factors on economic development in 34 European countries. Macro-level social capital comprises different aspects of institutional quality and is closely related to income distribution and social cohesion. We used principal component analysis to

Helje Kaldaru; Eve Parts

2008-01-01

311

GIS and Challenges to Planning and Development Applications in Peripheral Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning and development activities in peripheral or non-urban spaces have undergone profound changes under the influence\\u000a of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial data analysis in the last two decades. This chapter investigates the challenges\\u000a (methodological and practical) in the implementation of GIS to economic and planning applications in the peripheral regions\\u000a (the developing and the developed world) in the

Rajiv Thakur; Madhuri Sharma

312

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2010-04-01

313

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...standards: (1) Business development assistance. An activity...including efforts to stimulate the development or expansion of microenterprises...training; (ii) Provision of child care; (iii) Transportation...assistance meets the economic development standard only if the...

2013-04-01

314

National program plan for electric vehicle battery research and development  

SciTech Connect

EVs offer the prospect of reducing US petroleum fuel usage and air pollution in major metropolitan areas. In 1987, DOE-EHP commissioned a two-phase study at INEL to produce a national plan for R D on battery technology -- the limiting component in EVs. The battery assessment phase identified the most-promising'' technologies from a comprehensive list of viable EV batteries. This multi-year R D program plan identifies development schedules, milestones, and tasks directed at resolving the critical technical and economic issues for the most-promising developmental batteries: bipolar lead/acid, flow-through lead/acid, iron/air, lithium/iron sulfide, nickel/iron, sodium/metal chloride, sodium/sulfur, zinc/air, and zinc/bromine. 8 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

Henriksen, G.L.; Douglas, D.L.; Warde, C.J. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA); Douglas (David L.), Inc., Bloomington, MN (USA); Warde Associates, Inc., Greensboro, NC (USA))

1989-08-01

315

Development and implementation of a reservoir management plan  

SciTech Connect

Proper reservoir management is a key to success when operating mature oil fields in Kansas and the mid-continent region. Many oil fields are at their economic limit and risk being plugged and abandoned if proper reservoir management techniques are not used. This paper describes the development and implementation of a reservoir management plan in the Zenith field. The Zenith field in central Kansas produces from a complex composite set of reservoirs and has had poor secondary oil recovery efficiency. The developed plan consists of five basic steps which involve (1) database development, (2) volumetric and data analysis, (3) field testing, (4) field work to improve operations and economics, and (5) reservoir simulation to better characterize the reservoir and predict the optimum recovery process. These steps are placed in the general order in which they were implemented; however, most of the steps were ongoing throughout the study. This paper emphasizes the importance of reservoir description in reservoir management. The methodology of field testing, personal computer mapping, and reservoir simulation is described along with a prediction of the optimum recovery process.

Reynolds, R.R.; Schoeling, L.G.; Green, D.W.; Willhite, G.P. (Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (United States))

1991-08-01

316

Longitudinal relationship between economic development and occupational accidents in China.  

PubMed

The relativity between economic development and occupational accidents is a debated topic. Compared with the development courses of both economic development and occupational accidents in China during 1953-2008, this paper used statistic methods such as Granger causality test, cointegration test and impulse response function based on the vector autoregression model to investigate the relativity between economic development and occupational accidents in China from 1953 to 2008. Owing to fluctuation and growth scale characteristics of economic development, two dimensions including economic cycle and economic scale were divided. Results showed that there was no relationship between occupational accidents and economic scale during 1953-1978. Fatality rate per 10(5) workers was a conductive variable to gross domestic product per capita during 1979-2008. And economic cycle was an indicator to occupational accidents during 1979-2008. Variation of economic speed had important influence on occupational accidents in short term. Thus it is necessary to adjust Chinese occupational safety policy according to tempo variation of economic growth. PMID:21094300

Song, Li; He, Xueqiu; Li, Chengwu

2010-08-21

317

Special Section: Approaches to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes four articles: "Estimating Economic Impacts of Programming: A Case Study of Forestry" (Marcouiller et al.); "Aquaculture Opportunities" (Snyder); "Starting a County Agricultural Marketing Program" (Vossen); and "A Multidisciplinary Model for Industry Support: Program Redirection Creates Missouri Textile Center" (Dillard et al.). (SK)|

Marcouiller, David W.; And Others

1992-01-01

318

DSM as an economic development strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models capable of reflecting price adjustments and capital flows can estimate the longer-term impacts of energy choices on the net gain and distribution of employment. But without a common basis in the types of models used, research on the employment effects of energy efficiency cannot be integrated in a way that is useful. A sluggish economic recovery, lagging consumer confidence

Skip Laitner; Betty Krier; Ian Goodman

1994-01-01

319

Wind Energy for Rural Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wind industry contributes to the economies of 46 states, and the outlook for regional economic growth from wind energy is heartening. Wind energy projects provide new jobs, a new source of revenue to farmers and ranchers, and an increased local tax ba...

2004-01-01

320

Energy Efficiency and Economic Development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is now the world's second largest economy, and it is expected to overtake the United States to become the largest by 2020. What are the implications for the global environment and climate change if China surpasses the United States? There are major concerns with China's rapid rise because its economic and industrial structure is increasingly dependent on the consumption

Shujie Yao; Dan Luo; Tyler Rooker

2012-01-01

321

With careful planning, a mine closes economically and efficiently  

SciTech Connect

When the time comes to abandon and seal an underground mine, the challenge becomes how to close it economically and efficiently. Once the decision is made to close, six basic steps must be taken: equipment must be recovered; government agencies must be notified; openings must be sealed; surface structures must be removed; land must be revegetated; and workers must be reassigned or laid off. The cost of sealing a mine will very greatly depending on the situation. In one recent example, it cost a company $3.3 million to seal a seven-section mine in western Pennsylvania. And this figure does not include more than 500 manshifts spent removing mobile equipment and power equipment at an estimated cost of $1,400 per manshift. Given the current state of the coal industry and the depressed used equipment market, it actually costs less to abandon large, hard-to-move equipment unless a sure buyer has bid on the machinery. A longwall can seldom be sold for the cost of removal, for example.

Brezovec, D.; Hedges, D.

1986-11-01

322

Project development plan for East Mesa Geothermal Test Center  

SciTech Connect

Plans for a test facility for geothermal energy systems and components designed for moderate temperature/low salinity geothermal fluids available at the East Mesa site in the Imperial Valley of California are discussed. Details of the following phases of development are given: technical plan; management plan; procurement and contracting plan; technology transfer and utilization plan; and resource requirements. (JGB)

Not Available

1975-03-01

323

Economic transition FY 1995 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP)/Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP) WBS 7.4.9  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the WHC Economic Transition Center is to support Hanford`s cleanup mission and to leverage the assets of that mission to promote diversification and long-term sustainability of the regional economy and workforce. Conducting an economic transition program is imperative at sites such as Hanford, which are faced with transition from a defense production mission to a massive cleanup mission, followed by rampdown and site closure. At issue are the human and physical resources of the Site and the final disposition of those resources. Without an effective economic transition program, the federal government will have invested billions of dollars to achieve environmental regulatory compliance without generating any greater return on investment. With an effective economic transition program, the potential exists to redeploy the highly skilled, well-trained, and educated workforce developed and utilized during the Site`s cleanup mission and find productive uses for land, facilities, and equipment. The Economic Transition Center has been divided into the following business areas: outsourcing; spinoffs; technology acquisition; technology transfer; conversion; and cross-cutting partnerships. A work package has been developed for each of these business areas in this Fiscal Year Work Plan.

Schwenk, R.M.

1994-09-01

324

The Northern Cheyenne Tribe and Energy Development in Southeastern Montana. Volume I: Social, Cultural, and Economic Investigations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although there are no easy answers to the economic problems faced by the Northern Cheyenne in Southeast Montana, any economic development plans should stress long-term tribal self-sufficiency, serve community needs, and consider the Cheyenne culture. Differentiation theory is appropriate for understanding the local rural area and the special…

Nordstrom, Jean; And Others

325

Economic aspects of mastitis: New developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Good udder health is not only important for the dairy farmer but, because of increasing interest of consumers in the way dairy products are produced, also for the dairy production chain as a whole. An important role of veterinarians is in advising on production diseases such as mastitis. A large part of this advice is given around the planning of

H. Hogeveen; K. Huijps; T. J. G. M. Lam

2011-01-01

326

The economic context for the development of "blind flight".  

PubMed

On 24 September 1929, at Mitchel Field, Long Island, NY, Jimmy Doolittle performed the first so-called "blind flight." He executed a flight plan and landed using only cockpit instruments, a feat that culminated a research program supported by the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics. Contemporary aviation medicine, with its understanding of the challenges of spatial (dis)orientation, has a special understanding and appreciation of the complex human performance, medical and technical problems that had to be overcome to make instrument flight possible. It is likely that the problems would not have been solved unless a socioeconomic context provoked a sufficient motivation to address them. This paper outlines some of the economic factors that motivated the research and development necessary for instrument flight. These factors were the direct consequence of the sudden, huge explosion of the aviation industry caused by World War I, and with the Armistice, the equally sudden loss of the industry's primary customer, the military. Finding a civilian role for aviation awaited the development of air mail, which, in turn, depended on the ability to fly according to a reliable schedule. The need to reliably adhere to a schedule forced the scientific and technological research needed to develop all-weather, blind flight. PMID:12862335

Temme, Leonard A; Rupert, Angus

2003-07-01

327

Sexual Minorities, Earnings, and Career Development: Insights From Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem and the solution. The purpose of this article is to (a) present insights from economics on earnings of sexual minorities and (b) discuss the implications for human resource development in terms of career development. In economic research, the focus has been on finding earnings differentials between sexual minorities and heterosexuals. One issue with this approach is whether the

Jasper B. van Loo; Tonette S. Rocco

2009-01-01

328

Discriminant analysis in the study of romanian regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose using the discriminant analysis for the identification of a typology for the Romanian counties by the economic development level. In this purpose, we used a set of variables that characterize the economic and social development. The treatment of the data is done with the SPSS software. The results obtained in this paper can be used

Elisabeta Jaba; Danut Vasile Jemna; Daniela Viorica; Christiana Brigitte Balan

2007-01-01

329

Economic Development and Energy: From Fad to a Sustainable Discipline?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy-based economic development (EBED) can provide economic, social, and environmental benefits, such as job creation, industry development, and alternative energy deployment. The United States has recently devoted substantial financial support to EBED efforts. Although early assessments of these efforts are promising, the discipline is at risk of becoming compromised or discredited. It lacks a basic framework, common definitions, and clear

Sanya Carley; Adrienne Brown; Sara Lawrence

2012-01-01

330

Gender and Job Chains in Local Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, the welfare evaluation of local economic development activities has become increasingly sophisticated. Projected or realized gains have been broken down by wage levels, household income levels, and race. However, relatively little attention has been paid to the distribution of gains by gender. In parallel, the gender literature has recognized the distribution of economic development activity by

Daniel Felsenstein; Joseph Persky

2011-01-01

331

Consumer & Home Economics In-Service/Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mt. San Antonio Community College District's Consumer/Home Economics In-Service/Curriculum Development Project was designed to provide activities to meet staff development and program improvement needs. The choice of activities was based on evaluation data from previous home economics projects, and priorities identified by the Consumer/Home…

McGillicuddy (Shirley) & Associates, Sierra Madre, CA.

332

Federal Public Investment Spending and Economic Development in Appalachia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis examines the relationship between federal public investment spending and economic development in the special case of Appalachia. We propose that the effects of federal public investment spending on economic development operate indirectly through private capital accumulation. We use a spatial lag regression model to test our ideas for…

Mencken, F. Carson; Tolbert, Charles M., II

2005-01-01

333

Economic development lessons from and for North American Indian economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the literature on economic development as it relates to indigenous people in the United States and Canada, and focuses on how institutions affect economic development of reservation and reserve economies. Evidence shows that strong property rights to reservation and reserve land and natural resources, whether communal or individual, are and always have been important determinants of productivity.

Terry L. Anderson; Dominic P. Parker

2009-01-01

334

Targeting Occupations in Regional and Community Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper analyzes why and how economic and community,development planners might target occupations as well as industries in shaping an economic development strategy. Key occupations can be identified on the basis of capturability, high relative employment growth rates, connectivity across industries, fit with underemployed workforce groups and potential for self-employment and entrepreneurship. I demonstrate the potential for an occupational

Ann Markusen; J. W. Harrington; Jim Heilbrun; Brian Holly; Matt Kane; Michael Lahr; Leslie Mccall; Eric Parker; Bruce Seaman; Michael Teitz; Heike Meyer; Maria Hanratty; Norma Rantisi; Ragui Assaad; Ned Hill

2004-01-01

335

Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does economic development depend on geographic endowments like temperate instead of tropical location, the ecological conditions shaping diseases, or an environment good for grains or certain cash crops? Or do these endowments of tropics, germs, and crops affect economic development only through institutions or policies? We test the endowment, institution, and policy views against each other using cross country evidence.

William Easterly; Ross Levine

2003-01-01

336

Developing Resourceful Humans. Adult Education within the Economic Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which explores the shifting paradigm from human resource development to developing resourceful humans, establishes the historical position of adult education within the economic context, discusses human capital propositions, and examines the learning dimensions of economic and educational change. The following chapters are included:…

Burton, Lynn Elen, Ed.

337

Natural resources and economic policy in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues for the need to design broad economic policy instruments to reverse the trend in many developing countries toward increasing degradation and destruction of natural resources. The natural resource base, often critical for economic development, is in many cases threatened by a rapid population growth, the effect of which is compounded by inadequately controlled land and water use.

Jeremy J. Warford

1987-01-01

338

Empirical Analysis of Relationship Between Accessibility and Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main goal of this paper is to investigate the impact of accessibility changes on the level of economic development in a given region. In this paper, we introduce several types of accessibility measures while economic development is quantified in terms...

D. O. Ertekin J. Berechman K. Ozbay

2003-01-01

339

Economic Development Impact of 1,000 MW of Wind Energy in Texas  

SciTech Connect

Texas has approximately 9,727 MW of wind energy capacity installed, making it a global leader in installed wind energy. As a result of the significant investment the wind industry has brought to Texas, it is important to better understand the economic development impacts of wind energy in Texas. This report analyzes the jobs and economic impacts of 1,000 MW of wind power generation in the state. The impacts highlighted in this report can be used in policy and planning decisions and can be scaled to get a sense of the economic development opportunities associated with other wind scenarios. This report can also inform stakeholders in other states about the potential economic impacts associated with the development of 1,000 MW of new wind power generation and the relationships of different elements in the state economy.

Reategui, S.; Hendrickson, S.

2011-08-01

340

The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thriving markets require not only an appropriately designed economic system, but a secure political foundation that limits the ability of the state to confiscate wealth. This requires a form of limited government, that is, political institutions that credibly commit the state to honor economic and political rights. This article studies how limited government arose in the developed West, focusing on

Barry R. Weingast

1995-01-01

341

Economic developments of GCC countries: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The six countries of the Gulf Co-operation Council-GCC (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE) are enjoying a spectacular economic boom-one that we expect to continue over the medium term. The GCC economy was set to surge past $1 trillion in nominal terms in 2008, marking a three-fold increase in only five years. This will push the GCC economy

G. M. Bhat; Kastoori Srinivas

2010-01-01

342

Do Internal Capital Markets Improve Following the Adoption of Economic Profit Plans?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internal capital markets of diversified firms have been associated with inefficient allocation of investment funds across divisions, leading to value losses and diversification discounts. We show that the adoption of Economic Profit Plans (EPPs) mitigates those investment distortions and leads to value gains. More specifically, following the adoption of EPPs, diversified firms start to allocate investment funds based on growth

Tomas Jandik; Anil K. Makhija

343

The Labour Market of Schooling: Maltese girls in education and economic planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses the case of Maltese girls and women to examine the relationship between schooling and the economy. It is clear that not only have education and economic planners sought to strengthen the links between school and work in planning for different courses for children of different sexes, but also that the allocation of pupils to subjects has in

Mary Darmanin

1992-01-01

344

Omaha-Council Bluffs Metropolitan Area Comprehensive Plan. Phase II. Housing Study and Economic Base Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Phase Two of the areawide comprehensive plan for the Omaha-Council Bluffs three-county SMSA consists of a housing study and economic base survey. The housing study presents a current housing inventory for the SMSA, housing condition analysis, and an analy...

1970-01-01

345

APPLICATION OF SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA TO STELLA, MISSOURI-ECONOMIC PLANNING-PRELIMINARY SITE INFORMATION AND ELEMENTS OF THE MASTER PLAN-16NOV2006 (1130)  

EPA Science Inventory

Economic systems constraints and performance requirements that are essential to providing goods and services, jobs, and a functioning economic system form a list of criteria for planning a sustainable economy. This presentation places these economic criteria in the context of Ste...

346

Employing Human Capital to Achieve Priority Economic Development Objectives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The resource report was prepared for a project to strengthen the link between job training and placement and economic development conducted by the National Alliance of Business and the National Association of State Development Agencies. The research was f...

1986-01-01

347

Golf Course Development in a Major Tourist Destination: Implications for Planning and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The planning and design of golf course developments is influenced by many factors. This paper focuses on the environmental\\u000a ramifications of insufficient or lack of compliance with standard environmental and economic planning practices. Specifically,\\u000a it looks at a tourist destination location that was under the influence of extensive land development and investment speculation.\\u000a The Gold Coast in Australia was the

JAN WARNKEN; DANIEL THOMPSON; DWIGHT H. ZAKUS

2001-01-01

348

The Use of Mathematical Methods in Economic Research and Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's conditions of building communism socialist society requires far higher scientific standards. The founders of Marxism-Leninism pointed out that the function of science is not merely to learn the laws of nature and society, but also to work out the ways and means of placing those laws at the service of socialprogress and the full development of the material

V. Nemchinov

1960-01-01

349

Terrestrial Planet Finder: technology development plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of humanity's oldest questions is whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. The Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission will survey stars in our stellar neighborhood to search for planets and perform spectroscopic measurements to identify potential biomarkers in their atmospheres. In response to the recently published President's Plan for Space Exploration, TPF has plans to launch a visible-light coronagraph in 2014, and a separated-spacecraft infrared interferometer in 2016. Substantial funding has been committed to the development of the key technologies that are required to meet these goals for launch in the next decade. Efforts underway through industry and university contracts and at JPL include a number of system and subsystem testbeds, as well as components and numerical modeling capabilities. The science, technology, and design efforts are closely coupled to ensure that requirements and capabilities will be consistent and meet the science goals.

Lindensmith, Christian A.

2004-10-01

350

Servicer system demonstration plan and capability development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An orbital maneuvering vehicle (OMV) front end kit is defined which is capable of performing in-situ fluid resupply and modular maintenance of free flying spacecraft based on the integrated orbital servicing system (IOSS) concept. The compatibility of the IOSS to perform gas and fluid umbilical connect and disconnect functions utilizing connect systems currently available or in development is addressed. A series of tasks involving on-orbit servicing and the engineering test unit (ETU) of the on-orbit service were studied. The objective is the advancement of orbital servicing by expanding the Spacecraft Servicing Demonstration Plan (SSDP) to include detail demonstration planning using the Multimission Modular Spacecraft (MMS) and upgrading the ETU control.

1987-12-01

351

Alberta's economic development of the Athabasca oil sands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines the 61-year evolution of public policies pertaining to development of Alberta's non-conventional source of crude oil. The Athabasca oil sands contain an estimated 1.5 trillion barrels and provide for a safe continental supply. The Provincial Government first sponsored this undertaking in 1943. The period from then to 1971 was one of a transition from a wheat economy to a natural-resource economic base. A stable government emerged and was able to negotiate viable development policies. A second period, 1971 to 1986, was marked by unstable world conditions that afforded the Alberta government the ability to set terms of development with multi-national oil firms. A 50% profit-sharing plan was implemented, and basic 1973 terms lasted until 1996. However, 1986 was a critical year because the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) reduced prices, causing the Alberta economy to lapse into recession. During a third period, 1986 to 1996, the Alberta Government was unable to adapt quickly to world conditions. A new leadership structure in 1996 made major changes to create ongoing fiscal and development policies. That history provides answers to two primary research questions: How do public policies affect the behaviors of the modern corporation and visa versa? What are the implications for development theory? Two sources of information were used for this study. First, it was possible to review the Premier's files located in the Provincial Archives. Materials from various government libraries were also examined. Some 7,000 documents were used to show the evolution of government policymaking. Second, interviews with leaders of oil companies and federal research facilities were important. Findings support the thesis that, to facilitate oil sands development, government and the private sector have closely collaborated. In particular, revenue policies have allowed for effective R&D organization. Relying on intensive technological innovations to achieve economic oil sands productivity, the oil companies have responded successfully to declining rates of American conventional oil production. With respect to North American hinterlands, implications for development theory center on connections among established and changing political coalitions, capacities for technological innovations, and responses to dynamic world conditions.

Steinmann, Michael

352

Least-cost planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The electric power industry in developing countries, as in the rest of the world, faces least-cost planning problems characterized by a range of supply-side and demand-side options, multiple conflicting objectives, and pervasive uncertainty. Two recent least-cost planning studies were sponsored by the World Bank and carried out by utilities in Hungary and Costa Rica. Although the circumstances in the two countries are very different, and the studies were carried out by different teams, they reached similar conclusions. First, both studies concluded that availability of capital was a key ingredient in developing least-cost plans. This conclusion is particularly important for developing countries since their capital requirements for power supply expansion are huge, thus indicating the need for seekin new ways of mobilizing financial resources and the adoption of policies to encourage more efficient production and end use of power. Second, both utilities were able to do thorough multi-objective and risk analyses. Third, both studies found that the multi-objective and risk analyses led to some conclusions which differed from those reached by traditional optimization, and included some surprises. In particular, the Hungarian analysis pointed to more gas turbine capacity than was previously envisaged, and found that electricity imports were an attractive option. Implementation of load management was also a winner, at least as a hedge. The Costa Rican analysis concluded that varying the power supply mix was not desireable: the utility should continue its reliance on hydro, with minor additions of thermal capacity, but eschewing baseload coal or heavy geothermal development, and with diesels preferred to gas turbines.

Merrill, H.M.; Crousillat, E.O.; Doerfner, P.; Alvarado, P.

1993-02-01

353

Educational Planning Methodology for the Integrated Development of Rural Areas. Reports Studies... S.83.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A summary of educational planning methodologies tested in Argentina, Guatemala, Brazil, Ecuador, and Bolivia, the document offers opinions and proposals about integrated rural development. Integrated rural development is seen as a social, economic, political, and cultural process in rural areas, designed to improve living conditions. Chapters…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

354

Educational Planning Methodology for the Integrated Development of Rural Areas. Reports Studies... S.83.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A summary of educational planning methodologies tested in Argentina, Guatemala, Brazil, Ecuador, and Bolivia, the document offers opinions and proposals about integrated rural development. Integrated rural development is seen as a social, economic, political, and cultural process in rural areas, designed to improve living conditions. Chapters…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

355

Application of ecological vulnerability evaluation into environmental impact assessment of Fuxin mining area development master plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a super country in coal resources exploitation and utilization, China encounters ecological environment problems resulting from large-scale coal mining coupled with rapid economic development that have become increasingly serious such that they directly threaten regional ecological security and people's normal production and livelihood in some areas. How to formulate and implement an eco-friendly development plan is the key to

Xueqin Liao; Wei Li; Jinxiang Hou

2011-01-01

356

The Importance of Child Care in Economic Development: A Comparative Analysis of Regional Economic Linkage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regional economic developers typically use input-output modeling to compare the linkage effects of different targets for economic development policy. Using input-output models for all 50 states in the United States, the authors compare child care linkage effects to economy-wide averages and median multiplier values for agriculture, manufacturing, and services. Multiplier analysis shows that child care linkage effects are similar to

Mildred Warner; Zhilin Liu

2006-01-01

357

Multiple Forces Driving China's Economic Development: A New Analytic Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractBased on economic growth theory and the World Bank's analytical framework relating to the quality of growth, the present paper constructs a framework that encompasses physical, international, human, natural and knowledge capital to synthetically interpret economic development. After defining the five types of capital and total capital, we analyze the dynamic changes of these types of capital in China and

Yahua Wang; Angang Hu

2007-01-01

358

Economic Development, the Community College, and Technology Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the economic conditions mandating a strong role for community colleges in economic development. Describes Belmont Technical College's (OH) efforts to revitalize the local economy by expanding its mining technology program, redeveloping abandoned land, and retraining displaced steel workers. Urges colleges to explore nontraditional…

Maradian, Steve

1989-01-01

359

Economic Development Strategies to Promote Quality Child Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Across the country as state and local teams have conducted economic analyses of the child care sector, they have faced the challenge of how to take the next step and build linkages between economic development and child care policy. The intent of this doc...

B. Markeson J. Hallas M. Warner N. Barai S. Adriance

2004-01-01

360

The Role of Natural Resources in Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economists now recognize that, along with physical and human capital, environmental resources should be viewed as important economic assets, which can be called natural capital. Three recent debates have emerged over the role of natural capital in economic development. First, as many ecological services are unique, does the environment have an “essential” role in sustaining human welfare, and if so,

Edward B. Barbier

2003-01-01

361

Economic Development, Population Ageing and Sustainability in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most populous country in the world, China is enjoying unprecedented economic growth. However this growth is accompanied with population ageing and serious environmental degradation which has attracted global attention. The impact of China's environmental problems on the rest of world in the future will be as important as that of the country's rapid economic growth. Without a balanced development

Xiumei Guo; Dora Marinova

362

Economic development, demographics, and renewable resources: a dynamical systems approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many developing economies are faced with growing populations and deteriorating natural resources. It is often argued that economic growth will arrest these trends via cleaner technology and social change accompanied by reduced birth rates. Two questions arise: (1) What general economic, demographic, and ecological conditions favor this scenario? and (2) What adjustments, technological, demographic, or ecological, are more important in

John M. Anderies

2003-01-01

363

Profitable Partnerships: Public-Private Partners in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four case studies are presented to demonstrate the economic development potential of partnerships between community colleges and public and private sectors, focusing on programs that targeted a specific area of need in Oregon's economic base and raised significant funds for program implementation. Introductory comments provide background…

Edge, Barbara; MacDonald, William J.

364

Universities and Economic Development Activities: A UK Regional Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A number of UK universities prioritize economic development or regeneration activities and for some of these universities such activities are the main focus of their knowledge transfer work. This study compares two regions of the UK--the North West and the South East of England--which have very different levels of economic performance.…

Decter, Moira; Cave, Frank; Rose, Mary; Peers, Gill; Fogg, Helen; Smith, Susan M.

2011-01-01

365

The Role of Cognitive Skills in Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of improved schooling, a central part of most development strategies, has become controversial because expansion of school attainment has not guaranteed improved economic conditions. This paper reviews the role of cognitive skills in promoting economic well-being, with a particular focus on the role of school quality and quantity. It concludes that there is strong evidence that the cognitive

Eric A. Hanushek; Ludger Woessmann

2008-01-01

366

Rooted in Poverty?: Terrorism, Poor Economic Development, and Social Cleavages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the popular hypothesis that poverty, inequality, and poor economic development are root causes of terrorism. Employing a series of multiple regression analyses on terrorist incidents and casualties in ninety-six countries from 1986 to 2002, the study considers the significance of poverty, malnutrition, inequality, unemployment, inflation, and poor economic growth as predictors of terrorism, along with a variety

James A. Piazza

2006-01-01

367

Education and Economic Development. ERIC Digest Series Number 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, educational leaders have joined forces with businesses and community members to prepare students for a new, challenging labor market and, in so doing, are making major contributions to economic development. As the transition to the information age continues, the adaptable, creative student may provide the force to direct economic

Haynes, Chloe J.

368

Regional Economic Development and Mexican Out-Migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows evidence of positive effects in the economic development of sending communitiesin Mexico due to migration. The principal hypothesis of this study is that remittances, knowledge and experience acquired by migrants during their migratory cycle, can be translated into larger economic growth in the out migration municipalities. This result presupposes that Government could create complementary incentives to take

Kurt Unger

2005-01-01

369

Sustainable socio-economic development in Tonga: challenges and responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving good progress towards sustainable socio-economic development is a major issue for all developing countries, but it presents special challenges for small island economies. Tonga, a small island kingdom in the Pacific, is no exception. While Tonga is blessed with many human and physical resources, its remoteness, small size, and uneven progress have hampered sustainable socio-economic development.\\u000aThere are also

Fotukaehiko Valeli Fisiiahi

2006-01-01

370

Demands of Expanding Populations and Development Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book is a practical resource for development planners, demographers, and organizations involved with development projects related to improving the well-being and welfare of expanding human populations. Demands of Expanding Populations and Development Planning essentially is a treatment on sustainability and includes a heavy emphasis on major issues of environmental pollution over the last 3 decades. The book's coverage of ecosystems, atmospheric chemistry, water availability and quality, and soils is comprehensive. The author's extensive teaching experience makes this somewhat of an authoritative book on air quality and emissions from natural and anthropogenic sources, volatile heavy metals, carbon monoxide, radon, and nuclear waste. Most of the book focuses on the atmospheric chemistry of air pollution, whether the pollution source is from energy, industrial production, and manufacturing processes or from the treatment of waste products from such processes.

Lim, Bo

2010-04-01

371

25 CFR 20.511 - Should permanency plans be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Child Assistance Foster Care § 20.511 Should permanency plans be developed? Permanency planning must be developed for all child...

2013-04-01

372

Maryland State Plan for Coordinated Child Development Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A comprehensive plan for the expansion and coordination of programs for child care, child development, and early childhood education in Maryland is presented. The plan was developed by the Maryland Community Coordinated Child Care (4-C) Committee, a quasi...

1974-01-01

373

Family planning: a basic development need.  

PubMed

The 1994 Human Development Report from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) proposes a 20-20 Human Development Compact based on shared responsibilities between poor and rich nations, whereby poor and rich nations would help unmet basic human development needs such as primary education, primary health care, safe drinking water, and family planning over the next 10 years. This would require an additional US $30 to US $40 billion annually. Developing countries would commit 20% of their budgets to human priority concerns instead of the current 10% by reducing military expenditure, selling off unprofitable public enterprises and abandoning wasteful prestige projects. Donor countries would increase foreign aid from the current average of 7% to 20%. The report will propose a new concept of human security at the World Summit for Social Development to be held in March 1995, calling widespread human insecurity a universal problem. On average, poor nations have 19 soldiers for every one doctor. Global military spending has been declining since 1987 at the rate of 3.6% a year, resulting in a cumulative peace dividend of US $935 billion from 1987 to 1994. But this money has not been expended on unmet human needs. India ordered fighter planes at a cost that could have provided basic education to the 15 million Indian girls now out of school. Nigeria bought tanks from the UK at a cost that could have immunized all 2 million unimmunized children while also providing family planning to nearly 17 million couples. UNDP proposes a phasing out of all military assistance, military bases, and subsidies to arms exporters over a 3-year period. It also recommends the major restructuring of existing aid funds, and proposes a serious study on new institutions for global governance in the next century. PMID:12345955

1994-06-01

374

[Family planning as a basic tool for development].  

PubMed

The family planning (FP) concept has traditionally been, and is closely related to, sexual and reproductive health. At the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994, FP is recognized as a health strategy that, properly applied, can contribute to the development of nations. Over the past years we have found that the benefits are not only aimed at preventing unwanted pregnancies, there by preventing induced abortions and maternal death, but it also improves child health, facilitating access to education for children in the world, it promotes the empowerment of women not only in the workplace but also in other areas such as politics and thus, the concept of gender; it helps to reduce poverty by stimulating economic development and increasing the standard of living of people . This means that it not only contributes to one but to the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Despite the evidence of its benefits, there are still social, cultural, political or religious barriers that cause an unmet need in Family Planning, which does not respect the right of individuals to choose and decide the number of children they want, and prevent the experience of a healthy sexuality. PMID:24100824

Gutiérrez, Miguel

2013-09-01

375

Economics of Linux Adoption in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software globalization affects build-versus-buy decisions at every level and phase of the software development process. One of the most interesting and controversial issues is the expansion of Linux, an open source operating system, into software development efforts in developing countries. Linux is an interesting example of a globally available software product that has nontrivial choice and productivity implications for software

Nir Kshetri

2004-01-01

376

Provincial Electricity Authority. Planning, Design and Implementation Assistance of PEA's Commercialization Plan, Technology Assessment and IT Development Plan. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was conducted by Accenture LLP for the commercialization plan, technology assessment ant IT development plan of the Provencial Electricity Authority of Thailand (PEA). It was commissioned by PEA in order to prepare itself for the changes propos...

2002-01-01

377

Development of Sample Planning for Wafer Defect Inspection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sample planning for wafer defect inspection is a critical issue for reducing total cost. It is important to develop a cost-effective sampling plan. In the present study, using three parameters (gain, coefficient of gain variation, and payback period), an optimized sampling plan has been identified by principal component analysis. In particular, a robust sampling plan can be evaluated in terms

T. Nagai; A. Hamaguchi; Y. Yamazaki; M. Yamasaki; Y. Kaga

2005-01-01

378

Simulation models of ecological economics developed with energy language methods  

SciTech Connect

The energy-systems language method of modelling and simulation, because of its energy constrained rules, is a means for transferring homologous concepts between levels of the hierarchies of nature. Mathematics of self-organization may justify emulation as the simulation of systems overview without details. Here, these methods are applied to the new fields of ecological economics and ecological engineering . Since the vitality of national economics depends on the symbiotic coupling of environmental resources and human economic behavior, the energy language is adapted to develop overview models of nations relevant to public policies. An overview model of a developing nation is given as an example with simulations for alternative policies. Maximum economic vitality was obtained with trade for external resources, but ultimate economic carrying capacity and standard of living was determined by indigenous resources, optimum utilization and absence of foreign debt.

Odum, H.T. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (USA). Dept. of Environmental Engineering Sciences)

1989-08-01

379

Rhea County, Tennessee: Population Study, Economic Study, Existing Land Use Analysis, Land Use Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contains analyses of the population, economy, and land use. County goals and standards of development are defined, population and labor force projections are developed, and a land use plan was prepared.

1973-01-01

380

Monitoring the Quality and Outcomes of Economic Development Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Urban Institute and the States of Maryland and Minnesota undertook the task of designing a performance monitoring system for selected, major economic development programs. The performance monitoring procedures presented in the report are aimed at help...

H. P. Hatry M. Fall T. O. Singer E. B. Liner

1989-01-01

381

USACERL's Technical Reviews of Economic Development Conveyances. Lessons Learned.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new property transfer method called an Economic Development Conveyance (EDC) has been implemented by the Secretary of Defense for installations scheduled for closure. This new method gives greater flexibility to military departments and affected communi...

D. L. McConaha

1996-01-01

382

World without End: Economics, Environment, and Sustainable Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The volume is the outcome of several years of research, fieldwork, and policy advice concerned with the rapidly growing subject of environmental economics in developing countries. The authors make no claim to originality of research and have borrowed free...

D. W. Pearce J. J. Warford

1993-01-01

383

Economically Appropriate Technologies for Developing Countries; an Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bibliography provides information on the economic aspects of intermediate technologies for developing countries. This volume is basically concerned with hardware. The material has been divided into six sections. The first four sections cover technolog...

M. Carr

1976-01-01

384

Globalization and Economic Development: The Nigerian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

KEYWORDS Globalization; market; competition; development; marginalization; indebtedness ABSTRACT The world has witnessed increased interdependence in the last two decades, thanks to globalization. The main driving forces of this process are technology, policy and competition and it subordinates domestic economies to global market conditions and practices. Developed nations are the beneficiaries of globalization as their share of world trade and finance

Emmanuel Chike Onwuka; Agatha Eguavoen

2007-01-01

385

LMFBR: state of development and economic outlook  

Microsoft Academic Search

From international nuclear industries fair; Basel, Switzerland (16 Oct ; 1972). The status of the liquid metal fast breeder reactor development in the ; Unites States is reviewed by examining the progress in design and construction of ; the Fast Flux Test Facility and the breeder demonstration power plant, by ; reviewing overall progress in the supporting technological development, ;

J. J. Taylor; R. G. Hobson

1972-01-01

386

After the exit: Acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

MASON C. M. and HARRISON R. T. (2006) After the exit: acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development, Regional Studies40, 55–73. Most studies of the impact of mergers and acquisitions suggest they have a detrimental impact on economic development in peripheral regions over the longer-term. However, such assessments fail to consider the post-acquisition behaviour of the cashed-out entrepreneurs. It is

Colin M. Mason; Richard T. Harrison

2006-01-01

387

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 1. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

388

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 2. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

389

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 1. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

390

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 2. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

391

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon). Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

392

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington). Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

393

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

394

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington). Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

395

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

396

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington) Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

397

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

398

Enhancing Women's Participation in Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: An Overview (Gender Gaps in Education, Gender Gaps in Health, Gender Gaps in Employment); The Payoffs to Investing in Women (Promoting Growth, Promoting Efficiency, Reducing Poverty, Helping Future Generations, Promoting Sustainable Development)...

K. Subbarao J. Jalan K. Newland C. Winter

1994-01-01

399

Logistics Support Program for Rural Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objecitve of this project was to develop a program that provides short-term analyses and education in an effort to enhance the viability of rural manufacturing and processing firms through a better understanding of transportation and logistics managem...

J. Honeyman M. Titus J. Barber

1996-01-01

400

Generalized barriers to entry and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In their catching-up processes, less developed countries face inter-country barriers which hamper their efforts to imitate\\u000a the technologies of advanced countries. These international barriers to entry can be traced back to differences in the institutions\\u000a supporting technological advancement and to the physical and intangible resources necessary for the creation of new competences.\\u000a In less developed countries, these international barriers aggravate

Pier Paolo Saviotti; Andreas Pyka

2011-01-01

401

Development of Consistency between Marketing and Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined descriptive information about marketing, enrollment management, institutional planning and factors affecting them. A factor analysis of statistically appropriate variables identified factors associated with a state of symbiosis between marketing and institutional planning. (Author/BL)|

Williford, A. Michael

1986-01-01

402

City of Solon Master Plan Development Code.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Solon Planning and Zoning Code which receives continuous 'housekeeping' attention was reviewed in its entirety to reflect consideration brought to attention during the Master Plan Grants Program. Normal review procedures were followed and several new ...

1973-01-01

403

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system subsystem 143 software development plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This plan describes the activities to be performed and the controls to be applied to the process of specifying, developing, and qualifying the data acquisition software for the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Transportation System Subsystem 143 Instrumentation and Data Acquisition System (IDAS). This plan will serve as a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation (V and V) plan, and a configuration management plan.

King, D. A.

1994-11-01

404

Nature's role in sustaining economic development  

PubMed Central

In this paper, I formalize the idea of sustainable development in terms of intergenerational well-being. I then sketch an argument that has recently been put forward formally to demonstrate that intergenerational well-being increases over time if and only if a comprehensive measure of wealth per capita increases. The measure of wealth includes not only manufactured capital, knowledge and human capital (education and health), but also natural capital (e.g. ecosystems). I show that a country's comprehensive wealth per capita can decline even while gross domestic product (GDP) per capita increases and the UN Human Development Index records an improvement. I then use some rough and ready data from the world's poorest countries and regions to show that during the period 1970–2000 wealth per capita declined in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, even though the Human Development Index (HDI) showed an improvement everywhere and GDP per capita increased in all places (except in sub-Saharan Africa, where there was a slight decline). I conclude that, as none of the development indicators currently in use is able to reveal whether development has been, or is expected to be, sustainable, national statistical offices and international organizations should now routinely estimate the (comprehensive) wealth of nations.

Dasgupta, Partha

2010-01-01

405

Guidelines for Analysis of Pharmaceutical Supply System Planning in Developing Countries: Pharmaceutical Supply System Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual for pharmaceutical supply systems planning in developing countries is the seventh volume in a series of works known collectively as the International Health Planning Methods Series. The series provides AID advisors and national health official...

L. Schaumann M. M. Rosner J. M. Morson

1979-01-01

406

Economic Pressure, Parent Personality and Child Development: An Interactionist Analysis  

PubMed Central

The current economic downturn in the U.S. and around the world has refocused attention on the processes through which families and children are affected by economic hardship. This study examines the response to economic pressure of a cohort of youth first studied 20 years ago as adolescents and now grown to adulthood. A total of 271 of the original G2 adolescents (M age = 25.6 years) participated in the study with their young child (G3, M age = 2.31 years at the first time of assessment) and the child’s other parent in 81% of the cases. Data analyses were guided by the interactionist model which proposed that positive G2 personality attributes during adolescence would predict lower economic pressure during adulthood and would diminish the negative family processes related to economic pressure expected to disrupt competent G3 development. The findings were consistent with this social selection aspect of the interactionist model. The model also predicted that economic pressure and other aspects of the related family stress process would affect G3 development net of earlier G2 personality. This social causation aspect of the interactionist model also received support. The findings suggest that the relationship between economic conditions and child development reflect a dynamic process of selection and causation that plays out over time and generations.

Conger, Rand D.; Schofield, Thomas K.; Conger, Katherine J.; Neppl, Tricia K.

2010-01-01

407

CHAPTER 4 Urbanization, Agglomeration, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2007 the United Nations Population Fund released a report forecasting rapidly rising levels of urbanization over the next two decades, especially in the developing world. It noted that for the fi rst time in history, more than half the world's population resides in urban areas. The same year UN- HABITAT issued a report highlighting the slums and deplorable living

John M. Quigley

408

Feminist Economics of Inequality, Development, and Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines connections between intergroup inequality and macroeconomic outcomes, considering various channels through which gender, growth, and development interact. It upholds the salience not only of equality in opportunities but also equality in outcomes. The contribution argues that inequalities based on gender, race, ethnicity, and class undermine the ability to provision and expand capabilities, and it examines the macroeconomic

Günseli Berik; Yana van der Meulen Rodgers; Stephanie Seguino

2009-01-01

409

Technology Transfer and Economic Development in Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of Arizona's effort to encourage the creation and expansion of high technology based on the discoveries and new knowledge developed at its research universities is discussed. The study of the University of Arizona and Arizona State University was recommended by the Arizona Board of Regents' Task Force on Excellence, Efficiency and…

Brophy, James

410

Culture, economic development, and national ethical attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand the influence of culture on ethical attitudes, a variety of countries must be compared simultaneously to avoid confounding of cultural dimensions. This study uses data from the World Values Survey to develop a measure of ethical attitudes that shows partial measurement invariance across 44 countries. Regressing the resulting latent means on four cultural dimensions [Hofstede G. Culture's Consequences:

George R. Franke; S. Scott Nadler

2008-01-01

411

Governance in Regional Development Planning? Exploring the Danish Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the result of an initial project aimed at exploring the conditions and opportunities for anchoring and implementing regional development planning in Denmark. The paper mainly adopts a descriptive position that focuses on a governance framework for planning and policy-making to further discuss strengths and challenges concerning regional development planning processes and strategies. The expected outcome of the

Daniel Galland

2008-01-01

412

Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This textbook provides a comprehensive, systematic treatise on development economics, combining classical political economy, modern institutional theory, and current development issues. Grown out of twenty years' experience of teaching in the United States and Japan, its treatment is global, although the organizing principle is the East Asian development experience. Taking a comparative institutional analysis approach, it also outlines quantitative characteristics

Yujiro Hayami; Yoshihisa Godo

1997-01-01

413

Economic consequences of increasing oil prices on the economic development process of the oil-deficit developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

International inflation has brought about especially adverse consequences on the economic development process of the oil-deficit developing countries in the 1970s. These nations experienced exceptionally high inflation rates. The inflation therein was mainly of an import-cost push type and was fueled by excessive monetary expansions, economic stagnation, and inflationary expectations. Increasing oil prices, in particular, contributed to import-cost push inflation.

Pourgerami

1982-01-01

414

Geothermal development plan: Cochise/Santa Cruz Counties  

SciTech Connect

The Cochise/Santa Cruz Counties Area Development Plan evaluated the regional market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified three potential geothermal resource areas with potential for resource temperatures less than 90/sup 0/C (194/sup 0/F). Geothermal resources are found to occur near the towns of Willcox, San Simon, and Bowier. Population growth rates are expected to average three percent per year over the next 30 years in Willcox; Bowie and San Simon are expected to grow much slower. Regional employment is based on agriculture and copper mining, though future growth in trade, services and international trade is expected. A regional energy-use analysis is also included. Urban use, copper mining and agriculture are the principal water users in the region and substantial reductions in water use are anticipated in the future. The development plan also contains a section identifying potential geothermal energy users in the region. Geothermal energy utilization projections suggest that by the year 2000, geothermal energy might economically provide the energy equivalent of 3,250,000 barrels of oil per year to the industrial sector. In addition, geothermal energy utilization might help stimulate an agricultural and livestock processing industry.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

415

75 FR 74077 - Information Collection for Native American Business Development Institute Funding for Economic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Christiansen, Division of Economic Development, Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development, U.S...219-0739. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract DED established...to prepare studies of economic development opportunities...tourism, energy, resource development and...

2010-11-30

416

Globalization, Literacy Levels, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimated models for GDP growth rates, poverty levels, and inequality measures for the period 1990?2000 using data on 54 developing countries at five-yearly intervals. Issues of globalization were investigated by analysing the differential effects of the countries? exports and imports and by postulating trans-logarithmic models that allow for non-linear effects of literacy levels and measures of openness. The

Alok Bhargava

2008-01-01

417

Economical development of small isolated fields  

SciTech Connect

U.K. offshore oil supplies could be in decline in 10 years unless new methods and technology are developed to open fields that are uncommercial by conventional methods. Such technology is being developed, and much of it is aimed at pressure boosting subsea stepout fields to improve production rate and recovery over increasing distances to a host platform. This paper is concerned with the development of small isolated fields for which a new platform facility is not justified or where no suitable existing host platform is available. The isolated-field production system described here comprises a two-stage subsea separator near the subsea well(s) from which production is tied in by flexible flowlines. Oil/water/gas separation is achieved at near atmosphere pressure, allowing safe loading of the ``dead`` crude into a tanker. The gas is flared at a surface buoy (directly above the separator unit) that also contains power generation and chemical injection facilities. Liquids are pumped to an offshore tanker-loading catenary anchor leg mooring (CALM) buoy, and then to the connected shuttle tanker. Control of the separator system is autonomous based on a programmable logic controller in the subsea control module, with commands and monitoring by an umbilical from a production center on the tanker.

Edwards, W.G.

1995-11-01

418

Dynamic Capacities in Promotion of Economic Development of City-regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally policy-making in urban economic development (UED) is based on a fairly well established belief in the capabilities of policy-makers to find the correct strategies for the future by rational planning. I argue, based on series of studies focusing on UED-policies, that in a knowledge economy the nature of UED-policies are changing, the new forms of power are emerging and

Markku Sotarauta

2003-01-01

419

Diverting the tourists: a spatial decision-support system for tourism planning on a developing island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mauritius is a small island (1865 km2) in the Indian Ocean. Tourism is the third largest economic sector of the country, after manufacturing and agriculture. A limitation of space and the island's vulnerable ecosystem warrants a rational approach to tourism development. The main problems so far have been to manipulate and integrate all the factors affecting tourism planning and to

Jaishree Beedasy; Duncan Whyatt

1999-01-01

420

Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities?: Urban Planning and the Contradictions of Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Nothing inherent in the discipline steers planners either toward environmental protection or toward economic development -- or toward a third goal of planning: social equity. Instead, planners work within the tension generated among these three fundamental aims, which, collectively, I call the \\

Scott Campbell; Just Cities

1996-01-01

421

The Financial Mythology of Information Technology: Developing a New Game Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As economic realities drive colleges and universities to reassess financial strategies for managing information technology investments, many will have to develop a new game plan, requiring: collaboration among academic, financial, and technical leaders; rejuvenation of the collective conventional wisdom; shift to life-cycle budgeting; emphasis on…

Oberlin, John L.

1996-01-01

422

25 CFR 20.511 - Should permanency plans be developed?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SOCIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Child Assistance Foster Care § 20.511 Should permanency plans be developed? Permanency planning must be...

2011-04-01

423

7 CFR 1751.102 - Modernization Plan Developer; eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM PLANNING AND DESIGN CRITERIA, AND PROCEDURES State Telecommunications...incorporate these views into the Modernization Plan. In the event that the PUC does not intend to develop a proposed...

2013-01-01

424

Program Plan for Development of Compressed Air Energy Storage Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Program Plan describes in detail the planned activities and expected accomplishments in the conduct of CAES technology development and validation envisioned in the 1976--1990 time frame. The objectives of the missi...

L. G. Lewis N. F. Sather

1976-01-01

425

Guideline for the Implementation of the Individual Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide is designed as an aid for supervisors or managers, to assist with career planning in establishing individual development plans (IDP's) - thereby improving the SPR capability within all functional areas. In the achievement of this objective, par...

1981-01-01

426

Fast Economic Development Accelerates Biological Invasions in China  

PubMed Central

Increasing levels of global trade and intercontinental travel have been cited as the major causes of biological invasion. However, indirect factors such as economic development that affect the intensity of invasion have not been quantitatively explored. Herein, using principal factor analysis, we investigated the relationship between biological invasion and economic development together with climatic information for China from the 1970s to present. We demonstrate that the increase in biological invasion is coincident with the rapid economic development that has occurred in China over the past three decades. The results indicate that the geographic prevalence of invasive species varies substantially on the provincial scale, but can be surprisingly well predicted using the combination of economic development (R2?=?0.378) and climatic factors (R2?=?0.347). Economic factors are proven to be at least equal to if not more determinant of the occurrence of invasive species than climatic factors. International travel and trade are shown to have played a less significant role in accounting for the intensity of biological invasion in China. Our results demonstrate that more attention should be paid to economic factors to improve the understanding, prediction and management of biological invasions.

Lin, Wen; Zhou, Guofa; Cheng, Xinyue; Xu, Rumei

2007-01-01

427

Conceptual Framework and Guidelines for Establishing Geographic Information Systems Capable of Integrating Natural Resources Data and Socio-Economic Data for Development-Oriented Planning, Monitoring and Research. (Preliminary Version).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary conceptual framework and the 23 related guidelines have been prepared by specialists drawn from both developed and developing nations as a joint project of the International Institute for Aerial Survey and Earth Sciences (ITC). The project was designed to analyze linkages between natural resource based data and certain types of…

de Man, W. H. Erik, Ed.

428

Economic Development Web Site: State and Local Policy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Development Web Site is maintained by the State and Local Policy Program, in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, at the University of Minnesota. The site provides various resources related to economic development at the regional level. Visitors may want to start with Understanding Your Industries -- A Framework for Industry Analysis, which will examine several different analytical tools (both quantitative and qualitative) that help to describe how key industries cluster in a particular area. Several examples of areas that include industry cluster in their development strategies are available. There are also "ten key principles for developing a cutting edge economic development strategy for your area" and links to both national and state data coupled with a description of the data.

1997-01-01

429

The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is the inter-governmental body for American Indian and Alaska Native tribal governments. For over sixty- years tribal governments have come together as a representative congress through NCAI to deliberate issues of critical importance to tribal governments. Economic development in Indian Country remains acute and impacts nearly every aspect of reservation life and tribal governance. It is critical that tribes are included in the American Economic Recovery and Reinvestment Plan for three very compelling reasons  

Microsoft Academic Search

First, by investing in tribal governments, America will be meeting its moral obligation to ensure those populations that have persistently lived in the poorest economic conditions have the opportunity to go down the same path to recovery as the rest of America. And second, tribal governments rely on revenue from economic development to provide core services to their citizens in

2009-01-01

430

Economic Development, Rural livelihoods, and Ecological Restoration: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a case study in Southeast China to demonstrate how the substantial changes in rural livelihoods have been\\u000a driven by a combination of “pull” forces from external economic development, and “push” forces from local areas, leading to\\u000a a shift in rural household economic activities: household outmigration and de-population of the countryside, changes in energy\\u000a consumption, and most importantly,

Chengchao Wang; Yusheng Yang; Yaoqi Zhang

2011-01-01

431

Accelerated plan to develop magnetic fusion energy  

SciTech Connect

We have shown that, despite funding delays since the passage of the Magnetic Fusion Engineering Act of 1980, fusion development could still be carried to the point of a demonstration plant by the year 2000 as called for in the Act if funding, now about $365 million per year, were increased to the $1 billion range over the next few years (see Table I). We have also suggested that there may be an economic incentive for the private sector to become in accelerating fusion development on account of the greater stability of energy production costs from fusion. Namely, whereas fossil fuel prices will surely escalate in the course of time, fusion fuel will always be abundantly available at low cost; and fusion technology poses less future risk to the public and the investor compared to conventional nuclear power. In short, once a fusion plant is built, the cost of generating electricity mainly the amortization of the plant capital cost - would be relatively fixed for the life of the plant. In Sec. V, we found that the projected capital cost of fusion plants ($2000 to $4000 per KW/sub e/) would probably be acceptable if fusion plants were available today.

Fowler, T.K.

1986-05-28

432

Washington State hydropower development/resource protection plan. Draft 2  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the second draft plan is to meet the requirements of a comprehensive plan under the Federal Power Act. The Electric Consumers` Protection Act of 1986 clarified the meaning of Section 10(a) of the Federal Power Act concerning comprehensive plans and their effect on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) licensing process. The Act made explicit the right of a state or state resource agency to prepare a comprehensive plan for a ``waterway or waterways`` and to have this plan be given the consideration by FERC. In 1989, the Washington State Legislature passed comprehensive hydropower planning legislation, ``an act related to hydropower development/resource protection.`` The legislation directed the development of a state comprehensive hydropower plan to serve the broad public interest regarding development of cost-effective electricity and conservation of river- related environmental values. The second draft plan represents the work of the Washington State Energy Office; the Washington State Departments of Ecology, Fisheries, Wildlife, and Natural Resources; the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission; and the Department of Community Development`s Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. The history and concept of a state hydropower comprehensive plan. The purpose, scope and methodology for developing the plan are outlined. A Washington State River Resource/Hydropower Database is described. An evaluation of Environmental values and Hydropower Development to include resource protection areas is presented. Finally, state agency permitting and planning processes for hydropower development and resource protection are described.

Not Available

1992-01-01

433

Planning for Rural Housing in the Republic of Ireland: From National Spatial Strategies to Development Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of spatial planning as a policy framework for managing rural housing within an integrated territorial development strategy. The paper focuses on the Republic of Ireland, which provides a useful case for analysing spatial planning and rural housing relationships, due to the State's recent shift towards spatial planning (formalized with the publication of the Irish National

Menelaos Gkartzios; Mark Scott

2009-01-01

434

A neo-institutional economic critique of the system for allocating urban land and development rights in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments in sub-Saharan Africa have relied on received colonial land use planning institutions to manage and control the form of their cities. The approach adopted has involved the nationalisation of land and development rights and extensive application of rigid bureaucratic approaches to the allocation of land and development rights. This paper applies principles of neo-institutional economics to critique current land

Anthony U. Egbu; Paul Olomolaiye; Rod Gameson

2008-01-01

435

Washington State hydropower development/resource protection plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the second draft plan is to meet the requirements of a comprehensive plan under the Federal Power Act. The Electric Consumers' Protection Act of 1986 clarified the meaning of Section 10(a) of the Federal Power Act concerning comprehensive plans and their effect on the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) licensing process. The Act made explicit the right of a state or state resource agency to prepare a comprehensive plan for a waterway or waterways'' and to have this plan be given the consideration by FERC. In 1989, the Washington State Legislature passed comprehensive hydropower planning legislation, an act related to hydropower development/resource protection.'' The legislation directed the development of a state comprehensive hydropower plan to serve the broad public interest regarding development of cost-effective electricity and conservation of river- related environmental values. The second draft plan represents the work of the Washington State Energy Office; the Washington State Departments of Ecology, Fisheries, Wildlife, and Natural Resources; the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission; and the Department of Community Development's Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. The history and concept of a state hydropower comprehensive plan. The purpose, scope and methodology for developing the plan are outlined. A Washington State River Resource/Hydropower Database is described. An evaluation of Environmental values and Hydropower Development to include resource protection areas is presented. Finally, state agency permitting and planning processes for hydropower development and resource protection are described.

Not Available

1992-01-01

436

Remarks on Successful Economic Development Programs in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural economic development depends on implementation of strategies that capture the competitive edge of the total rural environment. It will not succeed by weak duplication of traditional urban development strategies. The historic dependence on the natural resource base that is the common denominator for rural areas must be regarded not as a…

Thomas, Margaret G.

437

Democracy and Economic Development: a Fuzzy Classification Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this work is to (1) analyse whether countries differ on political indicators (democracy, rule of law, government effectiveness and corruption) and (2) study whether countries with different political profiles are associated with different levels of economic, human development and gender-related development indicators. Using a fuzzy classification approach (fuzzy k-means algorithm), we propose a typology of 124 countries

Ana Margarida Oliveira Brochado; Francisco Vitorino Martins

2005-01-01

438

Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This critique argues that the preponderance of theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence suggests a positive, first-order relationship between financial development and economic growth. The body of work would push even most skeptics toward the belief that the development of financial markets and institutions is a critical and inextricable part of the growth process and away from the view that the

Ross Levine

1997-01-01

439

Economic growth and financial development in Turkey: new evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between financial development and economic growth in Turkey for the period 1991 to 2005 using quarterly data. We use relatively new time series techniques that are less prone to bias to examine this relationship. We also construct a comprehensive financial development index using principal component analysis. When we control for the possible effects of inflation and

U?ur Soyta?; Engin Küçükkaya

2011-01-01

440

Local economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has often been argued that Africa in general, and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in particular, is ‘different’ and that it therefore requires ‘exceptional’ solutions to its development problems. In contrast, in this paper we argue that strong internal heterogeneity combined with general trends similar to those experienced elsewhere in the world make local economic development (LED) as likely to succeed

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose; Sylvia A R Tijmstra

2007-01-01

441

Public Finance and Economic Development: An Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major works in the field of public finance in developing countries are discussed in the annotated bibliography, which was prepared to support A.I.D.'s efforts to use public finance as a tool for economic development. The bibliography is organized into fou...

R. L. Curry

1985-01-01

442

Abu Dhabi and Dubai: Economic development as in Arabian Nights?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of Abu Dhabi and Dubai during past years seems breathtaking. Both emirates pursue a strategy of diversifying their economic structure and thus of becoming less dependent on oil and gas. The obvious goal is to secure their prosperity for an era beyond oil. Diversification is a relevant strategic imperative for other resource-rich developing countries, too. In view of

Maximilian Benner

2011-01-01

443

A Critique of SME-led Approaches to Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) have had a privileged treatment in the development literature, particularly over the last two decades. Hardly any arguments are put forward against SMEs, even if development policies do not necessarily favour them and economic programs, voluntarily or not, often continue to result in large capital investment. Arguments for SMEs come from almost all corners of

Carlos Nuno Castel-Branco

2003-01-01

444

Financial Markets, Development and Economic Growth: Tales of Informational Asymmetries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?The development of financial systems is very often characterised by the development of innovative financial contracts which allow a more efficient allocation of resources and a higher level of capital productivity and economic growth. By exploiting the microeconomic theory of the optimal financial contract under asymmetric information, economists have recently managed to shed new light on the well studied issue

Salvatore Capasso

2004-01-01

445

Rural out-migration and economic development at origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Labour migration is a pervasive feature of economic development. People mobility for temporary or permanent labour purposes is a routine part of agricultural activity. There are very significant migration flows in some developing areas, with considerable impacts on individuals, households and regions at origin. Despite the growing debate about motivations and impacts of recent migration flows, costs and returns of

Mariapia Mendola

446

Irrigated Agricultural Expansion Planning in Developing Countries : Income Redistribution Objective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of agricultural expansion investment in improving the income redistribution conditions in society has been of considerable concern to planners. In this paper an approach based on distributing the newly developed land to a poorer sector (landless farmers) in society to gain agricultural revenues and improve their income is investigated. A mathematical optimization model is built to determine the distribution of land and a pricing policy established for the new areas in such a way that (1) a specified (by the government) income increase to the farmers can be achieved, (2) a predetermined level of recovery of the expansion cost can be insured, (3) high agricultural efficiency in the new land can be maintained, and (4) redistribution benefits can be maximized. In a case study application of the model, no conflict is found between the economic efficiency and income redistribution cirtieria in agricultural expansion investment within the planning framework presented in the companion paper (Allam and Marks, this issue). For a specified cost recovery condition it is found that the least cost planning alternatives give the opportunity to the largest number of landless farmers to own the new land and receive a specified income increase from the agricultural revenues, but a conflict between government return from the investment and redistribution objectives is found. This conflict is addressed and the trade-off between the two objectives is illustrated.

Allam, Mohamed N.; Marks, David H.

1984-07-01

447

31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma...OF THE TREASURY BURMESE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations...Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma...company that is engaged in the economic development of...

2013-07-01

448

31 CFR 537.411 - Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma...OF THE TREASURY BURMESE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations...411 Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma...an equity interest, in the economic development of resources...

2013-07-01

449

31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in...OF THE TREASURY BURMESE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Interpretations...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in...contract that includes the economic development of...

2013-07-01

450

31 CFR 537.302 - Economic development of resources located in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Economic development of resources...THE TREASURY BURMESE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 537.302 Economic development of resources...Burma. (a) The term economic development of...

2013-07-01

451

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2012-01-01

452

13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

2009-01-01

453

Financial Development and Economic Growth: Experiences of Selected Developing Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last two decades of the twentieth century witnessed a series of financial reforms in emerging economics of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The seminal works of R.I. McKinnon and E.S. Shaw, which attribute the slow growth of these economies to financial repression, inspired many of these reforms. The McKinnon-Shaw thesis demonstrates how government regulations cause low savings and investment,

Syed Ahmed; James Horner; Rafiqul Bhuyan Rafiq

2008-01-01

454

Succession Planning and Targeted Leadership Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing number of colleges and boards of trustees are looking to the future by embracing succession planning as the key to assuring college sustainability in an environment that requires global thinking, strategic planning and political savvy. Once confined to the corporate world or to family businesses, and limited to the CEO, succession…

Wallin, Desna; Cameron, Don W.; Sharples, Kent

2005-01-01

455

Terrestrial Planet Finder: technology development plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of humanity's oldest questions is whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. The Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission will survey stars in our stellar neighborhood to search for planets and perform spectroscopic measurements to identify potential biomarkers in their atmospheres. In response to the recently published President's Plan for Space Exploration, TPF has plans to launch a visible-light coronagraph

Christian A. Lindensmith

2004-01-01

456

Terrestrial Planet Finder: Technology Development Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of humanity's oldest questions is whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. The Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission will survey stars in our stellar neighborhood to search for planets and perform spectroscopic measurements to identify potential biomarkers in their atmospheres. In response to the recently published President's Plan for Space Exploration, TPF has plans to launch a visible-light coronagraph

Chris Lindensmith

457

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Oregon) Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socioeconomic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

458

Utilities and economic development: new partnerships for growth. Final report  

SciTech Connect

To enlist new partners in local economic-development programs, the Economic Development Administration funded a project aimed at enlisting utility companies in business and job-growth efforts in rural communities. The Northeast-Midwest Institute selected two communities -- Osage, Iowa and Somerset County, Pennsylvania to demonstrate innovative pilot programs of interest-subsidized loans by utilities to help retain and expand existing firms. The programs demonstrated how to integrate energy efficiency and related financial incentives into a sound economic development strategy. This report describes the pilot programs' design and start-up phases, key program components (including subsidy mechanisms and the energy-efficiency audit process), business outreach and publicity strategies, and problems and opportunities. It also describes initial program results.

Bartsch, C.; DeVaul, D.

1989-01-01

459

Thinking around the Corner: The Development of Planning Abilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to plan and search ahead is essential for problem solving in most situations in everyday life. To investigate the development of planning and related processes, a sample of four- and five-year-old children was examined in a variant of the Tower of London, a frequently used neuropsychological assessment tool of planning abilities. The…

Kaller, Cristopher P.; Rahm, Benjamin; Spreer, Joachim; Mader, Irina; Unterrainer, Josef M.

2008-01-01

460

Tourism planning and power within micropolitan community development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to investigate the community planning processes associated with the development of a new and iconic attraction in a micropolitan community. The four sources of evidence in the case study research were communication with community leaders, planning documents, newspaper articles, and observations. Two hypotheses were formulated with the first phrased as planning for a proposed

William L. Obenour; Nelson Cooper

2010-01-01

461

The ambiguous role of alcohol in economic and social development.  

PubMed

An increased and industrialized alcohol supply in a developing society is usually assumed to have positive effects on economic development, although it may be recognized that the effects on public health and order will be negative. There has been little attention to the potential for negative effects on the economic side. This paper directs attention to such factors as unemployment for cottage producers (often female heads of household) and reduced industrial employment as highly-automated "turnkey" brewers are installed. On the other hand, changes in the mode of production of alcoholic beverages may have little impact on the much larger work-force involved in serving or selling alcohol in retail trade. The net contribution of an increased and industrialized alcohol supply in terms of economic development is unclear, but industrialization and development bring with them increased demands for attention and sobriety, e.g. in motorized traffic and on the production line, which increased drinking may undercut. Decisions by international development agencies on investment in alcohol production and distribution should take account of both the positive and negative impacts on economic development as well as on public health. In line with this, the World Bank has recently decided to invest in alcohol industry projects only when there is a strong positive development impact and the project is "consistent with public health issues and social policy concerns". PMID:11218349

Room, R; Jernigan, D

2000-12-01

462

Developing a game plan for good sportsmanship.  

PubMed

It is widely believed in the United States that competition is beneficial for youngsters. However, the media are full of examples of players, fans, and coaches whose behavior veers out of control. There have been well-documented examples of youth in livestock competitions illegally medicating show animals to make them appear calmer, officials biasing their rulings toward a team that will take the most fans to a playoff game, and team rivalries that have become so caustic as to be dangerous for competitors and fans. A university extension and its partners created a program called "Great Fans. Great Sports." in order to teach the kinds of behaviors we wish to instill among all who are involved in competitions. It requires entire communities to develop and implement plans for enhancing sportsmanship in music, debate, drama, 4-H, and other arenas, as well as sports. The goal is to make good sportsmanship not the exception but the norm. The authors provide anecdotal evidence that "Great Fans. Great Sports." is having a positive impact on the attitudes and behaviors of competitors, fans, and communities. PMID:16570883

Lodl, Kathleen

2005-01-01

463

Developing ''strategic support systems'' for electric utility strategic planning  

SciTech Connect

The continued improvement of strategic planning processes in electric utilities is of utmost importance, given their increasingly complex dynamic markets. Progress will be blocked unless electric utilities begin developing and integrating other organizational systems within their strategic planning processes to create ''strategic support systems.'' This article describes three dimensions for assessing the stage of development, discusses several major support systems, and notes the stage of development in strategic planning recently found within the industry.

McCann, J.E.

1986-01-01

464

Strategic Planning for Economic Development. Moving Beyond the Overall Economic Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the outcome of an extensive collaborative process, and, as such, many people have helped shape the findings and recommendations. Besides the seven members of the grantee's project team, the study depended upon the crucial input of an adviso...

B. Dabson H. P. Watt W. Schweke B. Anderson B. Bosworth D. Broun B. McDowell

1998-01-01

465

Strengthening Baltimore's Industrial Base. A Comprehensive Report on Economic Industrial Planning Studies for the City of Baltimore, Maryland.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the results of a nearly year-long cooperative effort on the part of the Baltimore Economic Development Commission staff and EBSMC to generate the basic information necessary for an economic development program. (Author)

1969-01-01

466

25. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, Natick, Mass. Climatic Building, First Floor Plan, Refrigeration and Engineering. Drawing No. 35-07-01, Sheet 52 of 72, 1952. (Source: NRDEC). - Natick Research & Development Laboratories, Climatic Chambers Building, U.S. Army Natick Research, Development & Engineering Center (NRDEC), Natick, Middlesex County, MA

467

24. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, Natick, Mass, Climatic Building, First Floor Plan, Architectural. Drawing No. 35-07-01, Sheet 2 of 72, 1952, updated to 1985. (Source: NRDEC). - Natick Research & Development Laboratories, Climatic Chambers Building, U.S. Army Natick Research, Development & Engineering Center (NRDEC), Natick, Middlesex County, MA

468

Planning, Democracy and the Challenge of Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade sustainable development has increasingly been adopted as an objective of government policy, and “planning for sustainable development” is now a real-world activity of officials and ministries. A survey of conceptual issues, of three environmental economists' proposals to achieve sustainability, and of initial practical experience in the industrialised countries suggest that planning for environmentally sustainable development involves

James Meadowcroft

1997-01-01

469

Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This year's annual report on the economic prospects for developing countries focuses on international trade and the policies needed to help these nations benefit from global integration. The news is good for many developing countries, whose economic growth is expected to register "5.3 percent this year, 5 percent next year, and ease to 4.8 percent by 2002." However, the world's poorest nations, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, have not kept pace. The full report is available online, but each chapter must be downloaded separately in .pdf format. The official press release and summary are available in several languages including Chinese, German, Russian, and English. The main page also provides a slide show of the primary points and issues of the report and a video interview with the Director of the Bank's Economy Policy and Prospects program, as well as regional economic prospects and related links.

470

Manual for Planning the Development of Capital Goods Industries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a Handbook on development planning for capital goods industries in developing countries (based on project experience in Turkey) - covers (1) objectives of capital goods development project (2) conceptual frameworks priorities and strategy (3) clas...

M. M. Luther

1983-01-01

471

Tourism USA: Guidelines for Tourism Development: Appraising Tourism Potential, Planning for Tourism, Assessing Product and Market, Marketing Tourism, Visitor Services, Sources of Assistance. 1991 (Third Edition).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Originally produced in 1978 as an aid to communities interested in initiating or developing tourism as a part of their economic development plan, the book has been revised and expanded to also include international marketing and visitor services for speci...

G. D. Weaver

1991-01-01

472

Economic and social dimensions of environmental behavior: balancing conservation and development in Bhutan.  

PubMed

One of the primary approaches to environmental conservation emphasizes economic development. This conservation-and-development approach often ignores how development affects sociocultural characteristics that may motivate environmental behaviors (actions that actively benefit or limit one's negative impacts on the environment). Evolutionary anthropologists espouse a theoretical perspective that supports the conservation-and-development approach. Others believe sociocultural factors are the foundation of environmental behavior and worry that development will erode the values and norms that may shape such behavior. My research assistants and I surveyed 170 individuals from eight villages in two communities in Bhutan to explore whether economic (wealth, market integration) or social (religious behaviors, environmental values, social capital) factors are better indicators of environmental behavior. I used multilevel modeling to analyze use of fuelwood, use of agricultural chemicals, and tree planting, and to determine whether social norms were associated with these behaviors. Although economic factors were more often associated with these behaviors than social factors, local conditions and control variables were the best indicators of behaviors. Furthermore, economic factors were not always associated with positive environmental outcomes. Instead, farmers attempted to make the best economic decisions given their circumstances rather than seeking to conserve resources. Although religion was not a strong predictor of any of the behaviors I examined, I found evidence that the understanding of Buddhist philosophy is growing, which suggests that social factors may play a more prominent role as Bhutan's development progresses. My results highlight the need for conservation planners to be aware of local conditions when planning and implementing policies aimed at motivating environmental behaviors and that economic and social motivations for conservation may not be mutually exclusive. PMID:20455908

Brooks, Jeremy S

2010-12-01

473

International Inequalities: Algebraic Investigations into Health and Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Millennium Project is an international effort to improve the health, economic status, and environmental resources of the world's most vulnerable people. Using data associated with the Millennium Project, students use algebra to explore international development issues including poverty reduction and the relationship between health and economy.…

Staats, Susan; Robertson, Douglas

2009-01-01

474

Commercialization of University Research for Technology-Based Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This empirical study investigates the hypothesized relationship between US federally funded university research and development (R&D) and its resulting economic impact, as measured by the level of licensing revenue generated by US universities. The author also examines the key operating statistics of the top-ten licensing income-producing…

Ferguson, W. Ker

2011-01-01

475

Home Economics Teachers' Intentions and Engagement in Teaching Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home Economics (HE) teachers can have a central role in teaching sustainable development (SD) to young adolescents through everyday household management and the promotion of personally and globally sustainable well-being. How well the teachers cope with this task is not well known. The objective of this study was to survey Finnish HE teachers' perceptions of their current practice, coping, and

Irja Haapala; Simon Biggs; Riitta Cederberg; Anna-Liisa Kosonen

2012-01-01

476

Realising the diversity dividend: population diversity and urban economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically examines the increasing use of population diversity as a source of competitive advantage and distinctiveness within policies promoting urban economic development. Rising levels of population diversity are a characteristic feature of many urban areas and this has led to increased policy attempts to realise a so-called ‘diversity dividend’. Yet much of this policy thinking demonstrates a restricted

Stephen Syrett; Leandro Sepulveda

2011-01-01

477

Economic Development, Human Capital, and Gender Earnings Differentials in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gender earnings differentials in China during the course of development in the post-reform period were examined. The analysis showed that the female-male earnings ratio increased over time in all regions. The region with relatively rapid economic reforms had the highest female-male earnings ratio. Decomposition of the gender earnings differential…

Ng, Ying Chu

2004-01-01

478

Cultural Tourism as an Economic Development Strategy for Ethnic Neighborhoods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many ethnic inner city neighborhoods in US cities are rich in traditions, history, art, and cuisine but are also suffering from disinvestment, high poverty rates, and deterioration. In the face of a growing popularity of cultural tourism, an opportunity exists to explore how neighborhood cultural assets can be used to promote economic development in such neighborhoods. In this study we

Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris; Konstantina Soureli

2012-01-01

479

The relationship between economic development and business ownership revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper revisits the two-equation model of Carree, van Stel, Thurik and Wennekers (2002) where deviations from the ‘equilibrium’ rate of business ownership play a central role in determining both the growth of business ownership and that of economic development. Two extensions of the original set-up are addressed: using longer time series of averaged data of 23 OECD countries (up

Martin Carree; André Van Stel; Roy Thurik; Sander Wennekers

2007-01-01

480

The Economic Development of South Africa in Its Political Context.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper was originally intended to contain a general survey of the economic development of the Republic of South Africa, with emphasis on its industrialization, for use in a graduate seminar discussion. However, in the course of assembling data, much of...

V. J. Croizat

1967-01-01

481

Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between economic development and environmental quality is analyzed econometrically for a large sample of countries over time. The results indicate that some indicators improve with rising incomes (like water and sanitation), others worsen and then improve (particulates and sulfur oxides), and others worsen steadily (dissolved oxygen in rivers, municipal solid wastes, and carbon emissions). Growth tends to be

Nemat Shafik

1994-01-01

482

Economic Disparities in Middle Childhood Development: Does Income Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large literature has documented the influence of family economic resources on child development, yet income's effects in middle childhood have been understudied. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 3,551), the author examined the influence of family income in early and middle childhood on academic skills and behavior problems during middle childhood. Early childhood income

Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal

2006-01-01

483

RETRAINING AND MIGRATION AS FACTORS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS REPORT, PREPARED FOR THE OFFICE OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, FEATURES A REVIEW OF RECENT RESEARCH ON RETRAINING AND MIGRATION AS INDEPENDENT AND INTERACTING FACTORS IN REGIONAL ECONOMIES. FINDINGS ARE ALSO RELATED TO CURRENT UNITED STATES MANPOWER POLICY AND TO RETRAINING AND RELOCATION SCHEMES IN WESTERN EUROPE. IN THE UNITED STATES,…

SOMERS, GERALD G.

484

Alternative Economic Development Policies for Indian Communities. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The summary of an eight-volume study presents the point of view of the concept of 'economic development' and of efforts to improve conditions in Indian reservations and communities, as well as to pinpoint factors detracting from the success of such effort...

S. Stanley

1974-01-01

485

Differentiating emissions targets for individual developed countries: economics and equity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key challenge for a future climate change agreement is allocating emissions targets for individual developed countries that are perceived as equitable given differing national circumstances. Many economics-based frameworks for evaluating future targets use as a key criterion for individual country targets the notion that mitigation measures should result in similar costs (specifically, that the required mitigation actions relative to

Andy Reisinger

2009-01-01

486

Innovation Capacity and Economic Development: China and India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both China and India, the emerging giants in Asia, have achieved significant economic development in recent years. China has enjoyed a high annual GDP growth rate of 10 per cent and India has achieved an annual GDP growth rate of 6 per cent since 1981. Decomposing China and India?s GDP growth from 1981 to 2004 into the three factors? contribution

Peilei Fan

2008-01-01

487

Economic development and the impacts of natural disasters  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use disaster impact data over time to examine the degree to which the human and economic losses from natural disasters are reduced as economies develop. We find that countries with higher income, higher educational attainment, greater openness, more complete financial systems and smaller government experience fewer losses.

Hideki Toya; Mark Skidmore

2007-01-01

488

The New Economic Development Role of the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the broadened role of the community college in workforce preparation and economic development over the last 20 years, describing its main contours, explaining why and how it arose, and assessing its impact on students, firms, and community colleges. As part of the study, questions were raised about the costs, as well as…

Dougherty, Kevin, J.; Bakia, Marianne, F.

489

Institutional development, financial deepening and economic growth: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been profound changes in both political and economic institutions in China over the last 20 years. Moreover, the pace of transition has led to variation across the country in the level of development. In this paper, we use panel data for the Chinese provinces to study the role of legal institutions, financial deepening and political pluralism on growth

Iftekhar Hasan; Paul Wachtel; Mingming Zhou

2009-01-01

490

Cultural Transmission and Economic Development: A Critique of Educational Positivism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both formal and nonformal schooling have failed to bring about economic change in developing countries. Assumptions guiding both types of education are shaped by capitalist or socialist myths that are deeply rooted in Western culture. Underdeveloped countries must invent their own myths to effect change through education. (PP)|

Alexander, Chanan

1981-01-01

491

Telecommunications Infrastructure and Economic Development: A Simultaneous Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate how telecommunications infrastructure affects economic growth. We use evidence from 21 OECD countries over a 20-year period to examine the impacts that telecommunications developments may have had. We jointly estimate a micromodel for telecommunication investment with a macro production function. We find evidence of a significant positive causal link, especially when a critical mass of

Lars-Hendrik Roller; Leonard Waverman

2001-01-01

492

Recruitment of Rural Teachers in Developing Countries: An Economic Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Monetary and nonmonetary incentives for rural teacher recruitment are common in developing-country education systems. This paper interprets incentive policies within the framework of the economic theory of compensating differentials, clarifying implicit assumptions of incentive policies and aids in organizing further empirical work on their…

McEwan, Patrick J.

1999-01-01

493

Culture and Institutions: Economic Development in the Regions of Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does culture have a causal effect on economic development? The data on European regions suggest that it does. Culture is measured by indicators of individual values and beliefs, such as trust and respect for others, and confidence in individual self determination. To isolate the exogenous variation in culture, we rely on two historical variables used as instruments: the literacy rate

Guido Tabellini

2010-01-01

494

Heterogeneity Happens: How Rights Matter in Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines how much governance matters for long run economic development in poor countries. Answering this question confronts four methodological challenges. First, since growth equations are likely to be underspecified, unobserved effects are likely to render standard estimators biased and inconsistent. Second, measurement error, time-varying unobserved effects, and possible feedback from growth into governance will violate the exogeneity assumptions

Johannes Fedderke; Robert Klitgaard; Kamil Akramov

2011-01-01

495

Defense Expenditures and Economic Growth in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Studies of the effect that defense spending has had on economic growth in less-developed countries have produced rather mixed results. We contend that this is because these studies have failed to take into account the relative financial constraints faced ...

P. C. Frederiksen R. E. Looney

1983-01-01

496

Technology development plans for the Mars Sample Return mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mars Sample Return (MSR), a technology-rich mission, is being planned for possible launch in 2013. Project guidelines dictate all technology be at Technology Readiness Level (TRL)-6 by the PDR scheduled for mid-2009. Funding for MSR focused technology development starts in FY05. Over the last year, a MSR technology planning board has assessed technology needs and developed a plan to be

Richard Mattingly; Samad Hayati; Gabriel Udomkesmalee

2005-01-01

497

Improving Software Development Process through Economic Mechanism Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce the novel concept of applying economic mechanism design to software development process, and aim to find ways to adjust the incentives and disincentives of the software organization to align them with the motivations of the participants in order to maximize the delivered value of a software project. We envision a set of principles to design processes that allow people to be self motivated but constantly working toward project goals. The resulting economic mechanism will rely on game theoretic principles (i.e. Stackelberg games) for leveraging the incentives, goals and motivation of the participants in the service of project and organizational goals.

Yilmaz, Murat; O'Connor, Rory V.; Collins, John

498

Site-Development Planning Handbook Supplement: An Illustrative Case-Study Problem in Facilities Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This case study supplement demonstrates the application of DOE facility site development planning using the following 10 steps: assembling information; establishing objectives, identifying development needs and problems; determining priorities among devel...

1982-01-01

499

The recent economic development of China’s ‘million’ cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1980’s, two new trends have been emerging in the economic development of the Chinese ‘million’ cities. One is the\\u000a development disparity, and the other is the industrial restructuring. Firstly, in terms of per capita GDP (Gross Domestic\\u000a Product), 32 ‘million’ cities are classified into 4 types. The paper thinks there are 3 main causes which bring about the

Yuemin Ning

1995-01-01

500

Tourism development within planning paradigms: the case of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this study is to examine the Turkish government's policy and planning process that was directly or indirectly involved in tourism development with the major aim of identifying the variables that are at work within the tourism organizations and administrative system. A case study of planning and implementation processes suggests that Turkey's tourism development was subject to various

Habib Alipour

1996-01-01