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1

Overall Economic Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Overall Economic Development Program for the Fourth Planning and Development District Commission is the documentation of proposals considered necessary for economic development. It provides rationale to support a request for official recognition as an...

1974-01-01

2

Colorado Technology Transfer Plan for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the importance of technology transfer to economic growth, the U.S. Economic Development Administration (EDA) provided the Colorado Advanced Technology Institute (CATI) with a grant to coordinate the development of a plan for using technology transfer in Colorado's economic development. The plan, outlined in this report, describes the…

Colorado Advanced Tech. Inst., Denver.

3

Research and Development and the Role of the Urban University in Strategic Economic Development Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban universities have a definite role to play within the context of strategic economic development. Coordination between state and local government, the private sector, and the academic community can lead to effective partnerships to formulate and implement economic development plans. Declining university enrollments and fewer dollars available…

Sheppard, Ronald J.

4

Spatial forest plan development with ecological and economic goals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forest planning goals are becoming increasingly complex, as both spatial and temporal characteristics of desired future conditions are becoming important measures of forest plan success to decision makers. The objective of this research was to develop a process where the amount of habitat for northern spotted owls (Strix occidentalis caurina) could be maintained within a certain radius of an owl

Pete Bettinger; Debora L. Johnson; K. Norman Johnson

2003-01-01

5

Closing the implementation gap: a framework for incorporating the context of place in economic development planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the early 1980s, rural and small-town Canada has experienced considerable transformation from social, economic, and political restructuring. These changes put pressure on communities and regions to assume increasing levels of responsibility for economic planning and development. The record to date, however, reveals implementation gaps between plans and the results on the ground. This paper explores this implementation gap using

Sean Markey; Greg Halseth; Don Manson

2008-01-01

6

Regional Economic Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document is intended to meet the legislative requirement of having an economic plan approved by the Secretary of Commerce and to provide a framework for allocating resources to the Region. An historical review was performed of economic, social and env...

P. W. Kolp J. Birdsong M. Wistisen

1976-01-01

7

Economics Lesson Plans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Creating interesting and compelling lessons in Economics can present several unique challenges. Fortunately, the Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning organization has brought together a number of fine instructional resources for use by educators. These lesson plans and other activities are divided into thematic areas, such as economic decision-making, goods and services, savings, along with fifteen other headings. The resources are culled from a variety of sources, including the National Council of Economic Education, community college professors, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.

8

Economic Adjustment Plan for Russellville, Arkansas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Economic Adjustment Plan for Russellville, Arkansas, is to develop feasible strategies for overcoming recognized economic dislocations that the area economy has suffered during the last 2-3 years. Some strategies are intended to include...

1980-01-01

9

Strategic Plan for the Economic Development, Diversification, and Revitalization of the Lufkin-Angelina County Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project developed an Economic Adjustment Strategy for the City of Lufkin. The narrative report summarized the results of a detailed research endeavor which encompasses a complete assessment of recent layoffs and plant closings on the economy of Lufkin...

M. R. Perryman

1988-01-01

10

Economic Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Study. Volume II. Development Plan. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of this study were: (1) to develop and evaluate an ERTG design for a high power, Curium-244 fueled system based on the tubular thermoelectric module technology; (2) to prepare a program plan for the development of a flight qualified ERTG; a...

1973-01-01

11

Bluegrass Economic Adjustment Action Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Title IX planning project was to assess the nature and magnitude of the actual and anticipated economic dislocations resulting from the phasedown at the Lexington Bluegrass Army Depot; the curtailments of natural gas deliveries to large...

1977-01-01

12

President's Role in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document focuses on the role of community college presidents in the varied activities entailed by economic development. Specifically, the paper addresses those activities that involve the political, financial, and economic aspects of regional or county planning, marketing and financing. First, definitions are provided of two types of economic

Kopecek, Robert J.

13

Sketch Development Plan for Castleberry, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sketch Development Plan is an abbreviated comprehensive plan for planning and development for a twenty-year planning period. The Plan elements include: the population and economic characteristics and projections; transportation and utilities analysis;...

C. W. Himes

1973-01-01

14

Economic Development Academy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Economic Development Academy established in 1978 was developed out of the need to provide broader economic development training to career professionals working in local place community economic development. The Academy objectives were one, to deliver ...

1981-01-01

15

Development of an Economic/Environmental Plan for Dents Run Watershed, West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was initiated to inventory environmental detriments, other than acid mine drainage pollution, in the Dents Run watershed near Morgantown, West Virginia and to recommend a plan for the correction of these problems. Plans were prepared for these s...

1973-01-01

16

Asset Mapping: A Useful Methodology to Plan Systematically Extension Programs for Sustainable Rural Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this paper is to describe and empirically demonstrate the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) tools in an innovative asset-mapping methodology. GIS asset-mapping methods and tools can help extension personnel in program planning and in assisting farmers in determining comparative advantage for different value-added products within their respective communities. This type of analysis allows farmers and

Burton E. Swanson; Mohamed M. Samy

17

Energy planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

These papers focus on the capacity of developing nations to plan and implement the development of indigenous energy supplies. They emphasize the management of problems frequently encountered in the implementing even tailor-made energy plans and discuss such practical topics as: energy planning and implementation, energy supply and demand management information and manpower requirements, and the relationship of energy to economic development.

Baum, V.

1984-01-01

18

National Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Throughout the 1990s, Ireland experienced phenomenal growth in the emerging fields of information technologies (including such sectors as website design), and was dubbed the Celtic Tiger, due to its economic success. The country envisions a strong development plan for the coming years, hence the reason for this very site. Ireland's National Development Plan involves an investment of over 52-billion euros of public, private, and EU funds over the period from 2000 to 2006, and involves significant improvements in health services, social housing, education, roads, rural development, and industry. The site itself contains a bevy of documents, such as an executive summary and a complete version of the Development Plan itself, and a project database, which details the status of the hundreds of projects which are an integral part of this ongoing process. Overall, this site will be of great interest to persons working in the field of social policy, planning, and international development schemes.

19

Rational Economic-Social Planning Based on Needs Determination.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A project was initiated by the Department of Human Resources in Long Beach, Calif., to guide the development of the city's human resource plan. The project was titled Rational Economic - Social Planning based on Needs Determination (RESPOND). A problem - ...

P. Pflaum P. Levine M. McClelland M. McDonald S. Weinberger

1978-01-01

20

Apples and Oranges Mean a New Fruit Crop: New Business Plan Competition Model Integrates Economic and Community Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mount Wachusett Community College Entrepreneurial Resource Center Business Plan Competition brings together stakeholders across all economic sectors to bolster the regional economy. It also highlights entrepreneurs as a viable career choice. The competition disintegrates existing silos, provides education to all entrants, and gives business…

Feldman, Jacqueline; Oden, Lisa Derby

2007-01-01

21

Curriculum Development in Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reproduces sixteen papers on recent developments in economics curriculum in Britain. The papers, presented and examined at a two-day conference at the University of Manchester in January, 1973, offer a comprehensive look at the current state of economic education and research. Directed to economics teachers and curriculum specialists,…

Whitehead, David, Ed.

22

Improving the Quality of Continuing Higher Educators' Leadership Role in Economic and Community Development Planning. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a 1991 call issued by the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, eight institutions were selected to participate in a model process designed to involve higher education in the economics of community development. They were: Bloomsburg University, Chadron State College, Kean College of New Jersey, Murray State…

Ferro, Trenton R.

23

Hanford Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Development Plan (Site Development Plan) is intended to guide the short- and long-range development and use of the Hanford Site. All acquisition, development, and permanent facility use at the Hanford Site will conform to the approved plan. The Site Development Plan also serves as the base document for all subsequent studies that involve use of facilities at the Site. This revision is an update of a previous plan. The executive summary presents the highlights of the five major topics covered in the Site Development Plan: general site information, existing conditions, planning analysis, Master Plan, and Five-Year Plan. 56 refs., 67 figs., 31 tabs.

Rinne, C.A.; Curry, R.H.; Hagan, J.W.; Seiler, S.W.; Sommer, D.J. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA)); Yancey, E.F. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA))

1990-01-01

24

Edgecombe County, North Carolina, Land Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Edgecombe County land development plan has been designed to utilize all possible areas of physical, social and economic potential within the county. The plan is essentially a long range program for the physical development of the county. (Author)

D. L. Pugh

1970-01-01

25

Log Sort Yard Economics, Planning, and Feasibility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication discusses basic marketing and economic concepts, planning approach, and feasibility methodology for assessing log sort yard operations. Special attention is given to sorting small-diameter and underutilized logs from forest restoration, f...

J. R. Dramm R. Govett T. Bilek G. L. Jackson

2004-01-01

26

Will planned electric capacity limit economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the face of strong economic and political disincentives, many electric utilities in the US are pursuing very cautious capacity expansion plans. The natural question is whether a sustained period of limited electric capacity growth can effectively inhibit potential economic growth, both in aggregate and in specific sectors of the economy. In this study, we use a significantly enhanced version

P. H. McAllister; J. C. Stone

1984-01-01

27

The Planned Economies and International Economic Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 1991 book was the first comprehensive study of the role of socialist countries within the international economic order. The author presents an overview of the emergence of the postwar economic order and examines the key features of three kinds of centrally planned economies. He then analyses the role of financial frameworks and the international trade system in ensuring smooth

Jozef M. Brabant

28

Development concept plan  

SciTech Connect

The following management objectives for New River Gorge National River relate to the Kaymoor site to: Preserve coal mining, railroad, and other historic resources that best illustrate park significance; Develop a system of land- and water-based recreation opportunities that allow visitors to experience the park's resources to the extent that natural, cultural, and scenic values are not imparied; and Work with the community to the extent possible to help it maximize economic benefits related to park development without impairing key resources. The Development Concept Plant outlining a plan of development for Kaymoor is a part of a larger emphasis by the National Park Service to identify and develop significant coal-related historic and cultural resources in southern West Virginia in cooperation with the West Virginia State Historic Preservation Office.

Not Available

1992-06-01

29

Home Economics Related Occupations Training Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A framework is provided for teacher use in coordinating related classroom instruction, vocational homemaking student career objectives, and planned training station learning experiences. The details were prepared and revised by students of Home Economics Related Occupations 585 at Indiana State University. Child care occupation plans include those…

Kupsinel, P., Ed.

30

Economic Modeling as a Component of Academic Strategic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer-based economic modeling was used to enable a school of allied health to define outcomes, identify associated costs, develop cost and revenue models, and create a financial planning system. As a strategic planning tool, it assisted realistic budgeting and improved efficiency and effectiveness. (Contains 18 references.) (SK)

MacKinnon, Joyce; Sothmann, Mark; Johnson, James

2001-01-01

31

Economic Logistics for Competitiveness and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last few years a new interdisciplinary field of research has emerged: Economic Logistics. The new subject, pionereed by American scholars and currently being further developed by a group of Italian scholars, encompasses, inter alia, appraisal of specialized infrastructures, issues of regional planning, market regulation and economies\\/diseconomies of both transport and logistic outsourcing. Systems of economic logistics are investigated

32

[Grasping economic reform and family planning simultaneously].  

PubMed

This report aims at proposing ways the Chinese government can raise productivity levels and living standards while promoting the objectives of family planning. During the 1970's, family planning was heavily emphasized. Every factory, commune, and government agency had a specialized group of personnel responsible for family planning. Since the time of economic reform, this group has been vastly minimized because of the central government's demands for reduction of "unproductive" personnel. Thus, with economic reform came a sizeable obstacle to the family planning campaign. The report takes Hong Lai County as an example of recent undertakings to balance the new reforms and the family planning objectives. Hong Lai County, one of the poorest counties in the Sichuan Province, located in western central Chna, has seen a growth in GNP of 100% since the economic reform of 1979. At the same time, the government of the county has had to work extremely hard to promote family planning, especially in rural areas where these objectives are more difficult to reinforce. The county government, in an effort to encourage these objectives, has set up programs of compensation in the form of special allowances and bonuses. Moreover, eucational programs have proven effective in this area. The report indicates that much success has been achieved in the areas of education through promotional campaigns and vocational training which have, in turn, increased productivity levels and living standards. PMID:12159346

Hou, W

1985-07-29

33

Overall Economic Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A detailed background picture is presented of the Meramec region's physical geography, population, labor force, natural and manmade resources, as well as economic and social activities and problems that retard economic growth. The OEDP outlines economic d...

1973-01-01

34

Planning, management, and economics of airport operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An overview of the role of the airport in the transportation complex and in the community is presented. The establishment of the airport including its requirements in regional planning and the operation of the airport as a social and economic force are discussed.

Wiley, J.

1972-01-01

35

My Individual Development Plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MyIDP (My Individual Development Plan) is a unique, web-based career-planning tool tailored to meet the needs of PhD students and postdocs in the sciences. MyIDP provides exercises, career paths, goal setting tools, and articles to guide individuals through the individual development plan process.

Cynthia Fuhrmann (UCSF); Jennifer A Hobin (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology); Bill Lindstaedt (UCSF); Philip Clifford (Medical College of Wisconsin)

2012-09-06

36

Hanford Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Site Development Plan (HSDP) provides an overview of land use, infrastructure, and facility requirements to support US Department of Energy (DOE) programs at the Hanford Site. The HSDP`s primary purpose is to inform senior managers and interested parties of development activities and issues that require a commitment of resources to support the Hanford Site. The HSDP provides an existing and future land use plan for the Hanford Site. The HSDP is updated annually in accordance with DOE Order 4320.1B, Site Development Planning, to reflect the mission and overall site development process. Further details about Hanford Site development are defined in individual area development plans.

Hathaway, H.B.; Daly, K.S.; Rinne, C.A.; Seiler, S.W.

1993-05-01

37

Economic Growth and Human Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the links between economic growth and human development, identifying two chains, one from economic growth to human development, the other, from human development to economic growth. The importance of various links in each chain are explored empirically with the help of cross-country statistics for the period 1970-92. Public expenditures on health and education, notably female, represent especially

Alejandro Ramirez; Gustav Ranis; Frances Stewart

1997-01-01

38

Towards a computer-aided economic planning support system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this paper are (i) to outline a conceptual framework of a computer-based DSS directed to support the development planning process, and (ii) to present the main features and structure of a model-based management system designed to assist in formulating and testing medium-term economic plans. The system has proven to be useful for organizing, systemizing and supporting the

Motaz Khorshid

1995-01-01

39

Economics, Social Science and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development economics nowadays is mainstream economics applied to poor countries. An examination of the core principles of mainstream economics reveals tremendous strengths, but also tremendous weaknesses. Other disciplines, such as sociology, anthropology and political science, have complementary strengths that suggest a role for them as equal partners in development studies and policy. The argument for a partnership of disciplines is

Ravi Kanbur

2002-01-01

40

Western Economic Developments: May 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FRB San Francisco's bi-monthly publication Western Economic Developments summarizes economic growth and development in the Twelfth District. The economy remained strong throughout the first quarter of 2000, with an employment growth rate of 2.5 percent annually. California's economic growth rate was especially high, due to "usually rapid growth of income and consumer spending."

41

Metals technology development plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the plan for the metals technology development required to support the design of the MHTGR within the US National Gas-Cooled Reactor Program. Besides descriptions of the required technology development, cost estimates, and schedules, the plan also includes the associated design functions and design requirements.

Betts, W.S.

1987-03-01

42

Graphite technology development plan  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the plan for the graphite technology development required to support the design of the 350 MW(t) Modular HTGR within the US National Gas-Cooled Reactor Program. Besides descriptions of the required technology development, cost estimates, and schedules, the plan also includes the associated design functions and design requirements.

NONE

1986-07-01

43

Greening Development Planning: A Review of Country Case Studies for Making the Economic Case for Improved Management of Environment and Natural Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different approaches to making the economic case for improved management of natural capital in national planning are reviewed in this report. In many low-income countries natural resources sectors (agriculture, mining, forestry, fishery, nature-based tourism) are identified as the engines of economic growth. However, a majority of the ecosystems on which human well-being depends are being degraded. The difficulties in providing

Olof Drakenberg; Sandra Paulsen; Jessica Andersson; Emelie Dahlberg; Kristoffer Darin Mattsson; Elisabeth Wikstrom

2009-01-01

44

Economics and Educational Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the difficulty of calculating an accurate rate of return for investment in education, focusing in particular on the methods and arguments used by Schultz in his 1961 article, "Education and Economic Growth," and argues that recent overinvestment in American education has lowered its economic efficiency. (JG)

Georgescu-Roegen, Nicholas

1976-01-01

45

Geography and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth through their effects on transport costs, disease burdens, and agricultural productivity, among other channels. Geography also seems to affect economic policy choices. Many geographic regions that have not been conducive to modern economic growth have high population densities and are experiencing rapid increases in population. At particular disadvantage

John Luke Gallup; Jeffrey D. Sachs; Andrew D. Mellinger

1999-01-01

46

[Human resources planning: the use of demographic-economic models].  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of the evolution of employment at different stages of economic development and describes the employment situation in developing countries, suggesting future trends and means of improvement. The lack of authentic development is reflected in the problem of employment of both natural and human resources in Third World countries. Their occupational structures may be examined in 2 periods, 1 in which a certain pretransitional equilibrium was still observed, and the other following the beginning of industrialization. With increased population growth and the application of development strategies favoring urban areas and manufacturing, a series of imbalances were introduced which had as 1 consequence an ever widening income gap between rural areas, cities, and developed countries. Rural stagnation and population pressure ultimately led to massive urban migration in many areas, swelling the cities and creating an "informal sector" of underemployed persons in marginal activities of low productivity. By 2050, the world labor force will have increased from its present 1.7 billion workers to 3.8 billion, of which only 660 million will be in presently developed countries. Each country must plan the best use of its human resources, and must include employment planning in overall development planning. The development of economic-demographic models, adapted to the context of each country, can be a valuable tool in planning. Various types of economic-demographic models and their uses are described and differentiated. Economic-demographic models of employment have 3 main parts, demography, economy, and training. Their use in the analysis of the impact of specific variables on employment, of policies, and of general strategies is described. Finally, the characteristics and uses of MODEMP, an economic-demographic model created for analysis of labor force and employment problems in Peru, are described. PMID:12265325

Daubon, R E

1980-01-01

47

[Communique on fulfillment of 1979 economic plan].  

PubMed

In 1979 China's total industrial and agricultural output value reached 617,500 million yuan, exceeding the economic plan by 1.5%. National income was 337,000 million yuan, which was 7% over 1978. This progress was achieved under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the people's government through conscientious implementation of the policy of readjustment, restructuring, consolidation, and improvement in the national economy. Discussion of the 1979 economic plan focuses on the following: industry; agriculture; capital construction; transport and post and telecommunications; domestic trade; foreign trade and tourism; science and technology and education and culture; health work and sports; the people's livelihood; and the population. The total 1979 industrial output value was 459,100 million yuan, 0.6% above the plan and 8.5% over 1978. The rate of increase of light industry exceeded that of heavy industry. Plans were met or surpassed for the output of 89 of 100 major products. The total value of agricultural output for 1979 was 158,400 million yuan, 4.2% above the plan and 8.6% higher than the previous year. The fixed assets turned over for use by capital construction units all over China came to 41,800 million yuan, a 17.4% increase over 1978. In 1979 the volume of railway freight transport was 558,800 million ton-kilometers, a 4.8% increase over 1978. The value of commodities purchased by commercial departments totaled 199,240 million yuan, topping 1978 by 14.5%. China had a population of 970.92 million by the end of 1979, 12.83 million people more than the 1978 figure. The birth rate was 17.9/1000 and the death rate was 6.2/1000. China's natural population growth rate was 11.7/1000. PMID:12264023

1980-04-30

48

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...assistance meets the economic development standard only if the EZ's...plan demonstrates that such education will be provided to persons...with respect to economic development projects expected to be...a conference on economic development. The use of HUD EZ...

2013-04-01

49

Women, Empowerment, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development policies and programs tend not to view women as integral to the economic development process. This is reflected in the higher investments in women's reproductive rather than their productive roles, mainly in population programs. Yet women throughout the developing world engage in economically productive work and earn incomes. They work primarily in agricul ture and in the informal sector

Rekha Mehra

1997-01-01

50

The Economic Development of Postwar Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the economic restoration of West Germany through the Marshall Plan following World War II. Traces the development of the European Community from the Schuman Declaration of 1950 to the present. Contends that Germany's economy must remain closely tied to a united Europe in the post-Cold War international system. (CFR)

Dinan, Desmond

1993-01-01

51

Geography and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the complex relationship between geography and macroeconomic growth. We investigate the ways in which geography may matter directly for growth, controlling for economic policies and institutions, as well as the effects of geography on policy choices and institutions. We find that location and climate have large effects on income levels and income growth, through their effects on

John Luke Gallup; Jeffrey D. Sachs; Andrew D. Mellinger

1998-01-01

52

Considerations for planning and evaluating economic analyses of telemental health.  

PubMed

The economic evaluation of telemental health (TMH) is necessary to inform ways to decrease the cost of delivering care, to improve access to care, and to make decisions about the allocation of resources. Previous reviews of telehealth economic analysis studies have concluded that there are significant methodological deficiencies and inconsistencies that limit the ability to make generalized conclusions about the costs and benefits of telehealth programs. Published economic evaluations specific to TMH are also limited. There are unique factors that influence costs in TMH that are necessary for those who are planning and evaluating economic analyses to consider. The purpose of this review is to summarize the main problems and limitations of published economic analyses, to discuss considerations specific to TMH, and to inform and encourage the economic evaluation of TMH in both the public and private sectors. The topics presented here include perspective of costs, direct and indirect costs, and technology, as well as research methodology considerations. The integration of economic analyses into effectiveness trials, the standardization of outcome measurement, and the development of TMH economic evaluation guidelines are recommended. PMID:23148772

Luxton, David D

2013-08-01

53

Economic Development, Land Use Modeling, and Transportation Requirements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 14 papers in the record deal with the following areas: estimating economic and development impacts of transit investments; highway investment as a regional development policy tool; transportation planning for enterprise development areas; transportati...

W. T. Watterson F. R. Wilson G. M. Graham M. Aboul-Ela R. J. Roggenburk

1985-01-01

54

Frontiers and sustainable economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploiting new resource “frontiers,” such as agricultural land and mineral reserves, is a fundamental feature of economic\\u000a development in poor economies. Yet frontier-based development is symptomatic of a pattern of economy-wide resource exploitation\\u000a in developing economies that: (a) generates little additional economic rents, and (b) what rents are generated are not being\\u000a reinvested in other sectors. Such development is inherently

Edward B. Barbier

2007-01-01

55

Bolivia: Geography and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to identify the main relationship between economic development and geography at the province level in Bolivia. To achieve this, we study simultaneously the relationship between an index of basic needs insatisfaction (NBI), as a measure of human capital, and GDP per capita with geographical, demographical, institutional and structural economic variables. The estimation of GDP

Rolando Morales; Erwing Galopo; Luis Carlos Jemio; Carmen María Choque; Natacha Morales

2000-01-01

56

FE: Aspects of Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents national and international perspectives on the role of further education (FE) in economic development in the United Kingdom and elsewhere. Throughout the papers, special attention is paid to the need to reassess FE and its role as service provider, stakeholder, and strategic partner in view of the following social and economic

James, Simon, Ed.

1998-01-01

57

Development, Geography, and Economic Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do certain ideas gain currency in economics while others fall by the wayside? Paul Krugman argues that the unwillingness of mainstream economists to think about what they could not formalize led them to ignore ideas that turn out, in retrospect, to have been very good ones. Krugman examines the course of economic geography and development theory to shed light

Paul Krugman

1996-01-01

58

On the mathematical theory of globally optimal planned economic systems  

PubMed Central

Applying a theorem of non-negative matrix to an economic system, we obtain the rate of growth of the system and the ratio between the sectors of production. Accordingly, we establish a positive eigenvector method for planning economics.

Hua, Loo-Keng

1984-01-01

59

Plan for Needs and Development of Nursing Homes, 1973.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A plan for development of long-term care facilities is presented for the seven rural counties comprising the Kiamichi Economic Development District of (Southeastern) Oklahoma. Following a discussion of planning principles and organization, goals, policies...

1973-01-01

60

Frontier Expansion and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although finding new frontiers or reserves of natural resources to exploit has been the basis of much of global economic development for the past 500 years, frontier-based development does not appear to be producing sustained high rates of growth in today's poorer economies. Through a two-sector model of frontier expansion and economic growth in a resource-dependent small open economy, this

Edward B. Barbier

2005-01-01

61

Area development plan of the geothermal potential in planning region 8, Roosevelt - Custer area  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal resource data, the Roosevelt-Custer Region development plan, and energy, economic, and institutional considerations are presented. Environmental considerations and water availability are discussed. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-07-01

62

Guidelines for Analysis of Environmental Health Planning in Developing Countries. Volume 2: Environmental Health Planning. International Health Planning Methods Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist Agency for International Development (AID) officers, advisors, and health officials in incorporating health planning into national plans for economic development, this second of ten manuals in the International Health Planning Methods Series deals with assessment, planning, and evaluation in the field of environmental health.…

Fraser, Renee White; Shani, Hadasa

63

Hanford 300 Area Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Hanford 300 Area Development Plan (Development Plan) is to guide the physical development of the 300 Area in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4320.1B (DOE 1991b) by performing the following: (1) Establishing a land use plan, setting land use categories that meet the needs of existing and proposed activities; (2) Coordinating existing, 5-yr, and long-range development plans and guiding growth in accordance with those plans; (3) Establishing development guidelines to encourage cost-effective development and minimize conflicts between adjacent activities; (4) Identifying site development issues that need further analysis; Integrating program plans with development plans to ensure a logical progression of development; and, (6) Integrating DOE plans with local agency plans (i.e., city, country, state, and Tri-Cities Science and Technology Park plans).

Daly, K.S.; Seiler, S.W. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)); Hail, J.C. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1991-09-01

64

Health, Nutrition, and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between economic development and health has received far less attention than the relationship between development and schooling. However, recent studies indicate that better health is associated with improved labor market outcomes, particularly in low-income settings. Difficulties in disentangling the causal mechanisms underlying these associations are discussed, highlighting the role of behaviors and measurement of health. The empirical literature

John Strauss; Duncan Thomas

1998-01-01

65

Women's Work and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a cross-country dataset and microdata from India and Thailand, we examine how women's work status changes with economic development. Several clear patterns emerge: women's labor force participation first declines and then rises with development; women move from work in family enterprises to work as paid employees; fertility declines; and gender gaps in education narrow. Women's education levels, and those

Kristen Mammen; Christina Paxson

2000-01-01

66

Strategies for Sustainable Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on "Our Common Future" reported by the World Commission on Environment and Development. Discussed are the conditions making development sustainable including reviving growth, equity, meeting needs and aspirations, population, productivity, economic and ecological systems, budgets, and military expenditures. Lists seven…

MacNeill, Jim

1989-01-01

67

Local Initiative for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1982, in an effort to address a rising unemployment rate in its service area, Pueblo Community College (PCC) joined with local community leaders and the Pueblo Economic Development Corporation to explore feasible, practical, and workable assistance models which would foster the retention and development of small businesses. Numerous…

Zeiss, P. Anthony

68

Human Development and Economic Sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to integrate the concern for human development in the present with that in the future. In arguing for sustainable human development, it appeals to the notion of ethical “universalism”—an elementary demand for impartiality of claims—applied within and between generations. Economic sustainability is often seen as a matter of intergenerational equity, but the specification of what is to

Amartya Sen

2000-01-01

69

Guidance Available for Landfilling Waste in Economically Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper provides a brief summary of a report that offers guidance on all aspects of the planning, design, and implementation of landfills in economically developing countries. The intended audience includes municipal officials, solid waste managers, eng...

G. M. Savage L. F. Diaz S. A. Thorneloe C. G. Golueke R. K. Ham

1999-01-01

70

Guidance for Landfilling Waste in Economically Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report offers guidance on all aspects of the planning, design, and implementation of landfills in economically developing countries. The intended audience includes municipal officials, solid waste managers, engineers, and planners. The report's 18 cha...

C. Martone C. G. Golueke G. M. Savage L. F. Diaz

1998-01-01

71

Backpacker tourism and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

International tourism is often perceived by LDC (Less Developed Country) government tourism planners as an engine of economic growth, but the focus is commonly upon mass tourism while ignoring the subsector of backpacker tourism. The case study of Gili Trawangan island in Lombok, eastern Indonesia, indicates that the encouragement of backpacker tourism may alleviate some of the excesses of international

Mark P Hampton

1998-01-01

72

Appalachian Culture and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

For almost as long as commentators, reformers, and policy makers have worried about how to improve income, living conditions, and human welfare in the southern mountain region of the United States, a significant relationship is assumed to exist between the culture of those who live in Appalachia and the prospects for the region's economic development. Indeed, assumptions about the distinctiveness

Ronald L. Lewis; Dwight B. Billings

73

Economic Growth and Human Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The connections between economic growth (EG) and human development (HD) form two chains. Crosscountry regressions show a significant relationship in both directions, with public expenditures on health and education, notably female, especially important in the chain from EG to HD; and the investment rate and income distribution significant in the HD to EG chain. This gives rise to virtuous or

Alejandro Ramirez; Frances Stewart

2000-01-01

74

Management Model for Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An economic development model was formulated to foster and strengthen commerce and industry retention and expansion in the state of Illinois. The main thrust of the model was on increasing productivity, decreasing business failures, encouraging entrepreneurship, and creating a favorable business climate through community support. To meet these…

Harris, Edward

75

Graphite Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This technology development plan is designed to provide a clear understanding of the research and development direction necessary for the qualification of nuclear grade graphite for use within the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) reactor. The NGNP will be a helium gas cooled Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) with a large graphite core. Graphite physically contains the fuel and comprises the majority of the core volume. Considerable effort will be required to ensure that the graphite performance is not compromised during operation. Based upon the perceived requirements the major data needs are outlined and justified from the perspective of reactor design, reatcor performance, or the reactor safety case. The path forward for technology development can then be easily determined for each data need. How the data will be obtained and the inter-relationships between the experimental and modeling activities will define the technology development for graphite R&D. Finally, the variables affecting this R&D program are discussed from a general perspective. Factors that can significantly affect the R&D program such as funding, schedules, available resources, multiple reactor designs, and graphite acquisition are analyzed.

W. Windes; T. Burchell; R. Bratton

2007-09-01

76

Unauthorized Migration: An Economic Development Response.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The search for economic opportunity is the primary motivation for most unauthorized migration to the United States. While job-creating economic growth is the ultimate solution to reducing these migratory pressures, the economic development process itself ...

1990-01-01

77

Development Planning for School Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development planning has recently become a commonly adopted strategy for school improvement in the United Kingdom. Development planning is a description and more formal explication of the process and actions required to plan and manage change with the intention of improving the school. The chapters in this book report on the "state of the art" of…

Hargreaves, David H., Ed.; Hopkins, David, Ed.

78

Environmental Development Plan: Magnetic Fusion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Environmental Development Plan (EDP) identifies the planning and management requirements and schedules needed to evaluate and assess the environmental, health and safety (EH and S) aspects of the Magnetic Fusion Energy Program (MFE). Environment is d...

1979-01-01

79

Westerly-Charlestown-Hopkinton-Richmond Economic Growth Center Planning Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report represents a 'planning' or 'before' study of the Westerly-Charlestown-Hopkinton-Richmond Economic Growth Center. The study is basically a demographic and economic picture of the growth center prior to the construction of the Westerly By-Pass De...

1972-01-01

80

Privatisation and Economic Development Strategy in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic development in Russia has dominated discussions on economic strategies world wide. In the unipolar scenario, it has attracted a greater attention than the economic strategies formulated by the erstwhile Soviet Union. The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, led to the emergence of a new development paradigm consisting of new economic policy, collectivisation movement, electricity everywhere and electricity for all, resolving

Ram Kumar Mishra

81

Economic Aspects in Landscape Decision-making: a Participatory Planning Tool based on a Representative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop a method for spatial decision support that combines economic efficiency – measured by the concept of willingness to pay – with a participatory planning tool, that allows for an active collaboration among the actors involved, in such a way that decision makers can draw on the outcomes in their spatial planning and design process. The

C. Martijn van der Heide; A. T. de Blaeij; Wim J. M. Heijman

2008-01-01

82

DWPF Development Plan. Revision 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DWPF Development Plan is based on an evaluation process flowsheet and related waste management systems. The scope is shown in Figure 1 entitled ''DWPF Process Development Systems.'' To identify the critical development efforts, each system has been an...

E. W. Holtzscheiter

1994-01-01

83

Planning for Life: Developing and Recognizing Exemplary Career Planning Programs. A Resource Guide for Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the importance of the need for effective career planning, the United States Army, in conjunction with the Council of Economic Development, conducted a forum to focus on this issue. What emerged was a program called Planning for Life, which annually recognizes outstanding career planning programs at the state and national level. The…

Dahir, Carol, Ed.

84

Can Health Planning Be a Viable Component of the Development Process -- The Korean Experience.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Economic development in connection with health planning in Korea is explored. The health planning process in Korea, the establishment of target objectives, and criteria used to appraise programs are influenced by economic considerations to a greater exten...

H. C. Choo, J. R. Jeffers, M. J. Reardon

1976-01-01

85

Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy  

SciTech Connect

NREL's JEDI Wind model performed an analysis of wind-power-related economic development drivers. Economic development benefits for wind and coal were estimated using NREL's JEDI Wind and JEDI Coal models.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2008-07-01

86

Alternative Economic Development Policies for Indian Communities. Economic Development and Navajo Social Structure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Underinvestment--a cause of underdevelopment; Social structure of Navajo Society; Economy in a traditional community; Economic development at the tribal level; Alternative economic development programs.

L. T. Ruffing

1974-01-01

87

Science and Technology and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dealing with science and technology and economic development, this paper describes the relationship between technological capability and the degree of economic development. It analyzes the structure of the Philippine economy and the structural changes that have taken place since the 1970. It also investigates the impact of economic developments and technological advances in other countries on the Philippine economy. A

Mario B. Lamberte

1988-01-01

88

A Comprehensive Approach to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kirkwood Community College's (KCC's) economic development efforts in Iowa provide a full-service, regional delivery system for customized job training, retraining, and economic development services and programs. The mission of Kirkwood Economic Development Services (KEDS) is to assist the region's business and industry in becoming more productive,…

Ovel, Steven J.; Olejniczak, Lon

89

Overall Economic Development Program, Clinton County, Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains information and analyses of socio-economic characteristics in Clinton County, Illinois. An Overall Economic Development Program is presented as the product of this analysis, focusing upon methods for strengthening local employment oppo...

1972-01-01

90

Evaluating Tisza River Basin Development Plans Using Multiattributes Utility Theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Selecting a plan to develop the water resources of a region involves the consideration of economic, environmental, social, and technical objectives. Twelve attributes are defined to indicate the degree to which these objectives are achieved in the Tisza R...

R. L. Keeney E. F. Wood L. David K. Csontos

1976-01-01

91

Economic benefits of enterprise resource planning systems: some empirical evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe present study provides empirical evidence on the economic benefits of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. We use a modified value chain approach and identify several ratios for each component of the value chain to reflect improvements as a result of the adoption of ERP systems. These financial ratios are tracked for 2?years for a group of companies that adopted

Zoltan P. Matolcsy; Peter Booth; Bernhard Wieder

2005-01-01

92

Sketch Development Plan for Excel, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents a comprehensive plan for a twenty-year period. The plan elements include: The population and economic characteristics and projections; transportation and utilities analysis; social services available to the population; analysis of the ...

C. W. Himes

1973-01-01

93

Developing and executing a strategic plan.  

PubMed

Because of the historic economic crisis, the past 18 months--2008 and the first half of 2009--have been challenging for many plastic surgery practices. Prior to the economic crisis in 2008, many practices enjoyed success with little synchronization between financial and productivity results, practice goals, and strategic planning. Now, suddenly, there is a great deal of interest in the alignment of budgets and financial reporting, marketing return on investment (ROI), staff accountability, and overhead management. The process of developing a business plan can serve to bring clarity and objectivity to the assessment of practice goals and market dynamics. The business planning process also provides assurance of more efficient use of the practice's human and capital resources. Ultimately, the process will bring order, discipline, and focus to practice stakeholders, thus increasing the likelihood of meeting or exceeding practice goals. The process: (1) defining the mission of the practice; (2) completing a competitive analysis for your market; (3) completing an assessment of your current environment; (4) completing an assessment of the financial health of your practice; (5) preparation of a SWOT (strengths, weakness, opportunity, threat) analysis; and (6) a translation of your mission statement into specific long-term goals and short-term performance objectives. The outcome of completing these tasks should be an actionable plan that will serve as a guide or road map for the practice. A well-articulated plan will solidify staff confidence, continue the advancement of a strong business foundation, and provide clear navigation through this new economic landscape in a way that preserves your ability to provide the care you have devoted yourselves to deliver. Today's needs, and yesterday's lessons, dictate that a well-documented strategic action plan be undertaken. PMID:20127597

Morley, Glenn

2010-02-01

94

Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1988, the World Bank Group (described in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) has addressed issues of economic architecture, corporate governance, crime, land reform, and the economics of transition at the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE). Currently, papers from previous ABCDE's are available online with a keynote addresses, such as by nobel laureate James Tobin, and interested individuals are invited to comment on forthcoming conference papers at the ABCDE homepage.

1988-01-01

95

Aggressive development plans  

SciTech Connect

Hydropower developments are capital-intensive, are subject to uncertainty in water availability, and have a somewhat higher construction-cost risk than thermal projects. However, a developer who selects an attractive site, arranges a good financial package, and designs and constructs a well-conceived hydropower project can earn an attractive long-term return while providing a dependable, low-cost source of energy to consumers. In the Philippines, many attractive hydropower sites are now available. As demonstrated by the attendance at the US Trade and Development Agency-sponsored Symposium on Power Development and Investment Opportunities in the Philippines, in Washington, D.C., on Sept. 21 and 22, 1993, there is a growing interest in private hydropower. Following its successful record in implementing thermal private power developments, the Philippines now offers many attractive opportunities to exploit its tremendous potential in the hydropower sector.

McCandless, D.H.

1993-11-01

96

13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

2010-01-01

97

Economic aspects of Singapore's selective family planning policy.  

PubMed

In the mid 1980s Singapore instituted a selective family planning policy which encouraged poorly educated women to prevent pregnancy while university graduates were discouraged from using family planning. The intent of this policy was to restructure the population and the economy into a more skill-intensive industrial society and to produce effective leaders for the future governing of the country. Monetary incentives were offered to both groups of women for their compliance with the policy, including grants to poor women agreeing to undergo steriliaztion. This study undertakes a cost benefit analysis of this family planning policy, taking into account parameters of economic growth, marginal value product of labor, and the consumption levels. Results of this analysis suggest that society may benefit more by prevention the birth of a potential university student than by preventing the birth of a potential primary school graduate. However, this study does not take into account the value of educated citizens in technical advancement which would raise the productivity of the uskilled workers in the country, nor some of the real economic conditions in Singapore such as the virtually unlimited availability of labor from other Asian countries (who come without dependents and are expatriated when they become unproductive). Training cost and the timing of benefits are critical to the outcome of this analysis. It is shown that, under some reasonable conditions, the selective family planning policy might not be economically warranted. PMID:12268639

Evans, D B

1987-08-01

98

Mainstreaming Sustainability in Local Economic Development Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable development objectives now form a central part of the local economic development practitioner's remit. So an understanding of the concepts used and the tools required to mainstream sustainability is vital. The paper reviews economic, environmental and social conceptualisations of sustainability as these relate to local development practice. It distinguishes between weak sustainability 'no-regrets' policy instruments (such as ecological modernisation,

Tony Jackson

2007-01-01

99

[Strategic planning: an important economic action for German hospitals].  

PubMed

In medical systems, economic issues and means of action are in the course of dwindling human (physicians and nurses) and financial resources are more important. For this reason, physicians must understand basic economic principles. Only in this way, there may be medical autonomy from social systems and hospital administrators. The current work is an approach to present a model for strategic planning of an anesthesia department. For this, a "strengths", "weaknesses", "opportunities", and "threats" (SWOT) analysis is used. This display is an example of an exemplary anaesthetic department. PMID:22161910

Wiese, Christoph H R; Zink, Wolfgang; Russo, Sebastian G

2011-11-01

100

DEVELOPMENTS IN PRECAST CONCRETE FOR CONSTRUCTING ECONOMICALLY OPTIMISED SUPERSTRUCTURES  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology for innovative developments in pre-cast concrete, which uses a combination of probabilistic analysis and case-based reasoning, is presented. The prob- ability distributions beneficial for independent uses of construction of economically op- timised superstructures as well as relationships between variables are constructed through an analysis of industrialized building methods. Emphasis is given to the plan- ning, design, manufacturing and

Ahmed ABDALLAH

2006-01-01

101

Mississippi State Development Program. Volume II. Economic Goals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume 2 of a two volume study gives goals for Mississippi's economic growth to the year 2000. Population forecasts are presented for the state, each planning and development district (PDD), and each major city. Employment by type and per capita income tr...

1972-01-01

102

Economic Development and Social Capital.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that community colleges have recreated themselves over the last 100 years in response to the changing American economy. Explains that the new need for community colleges to fulfill the local communities' economic needs calls for renewed civic participation in the colleges. Describes Maricopa Community College District's Civic Participation…

Ronan, Bernie; Kur, Sally

2001-01-01

103

Economic aspects in landscape decision-making: a participatory planning tool based on a representative approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop a method for spatial decision support that combines economic efficiency â¿¿ measured by the concept op willingness to pay â¿¿ with a participatory planning tool, that allows for an active collaboration among the actors involved, in such a way that decision makers can draw on the outcomes in their spatial planning and design process. The

Heide van der C. M; Blaeij de A. T; W. J. M. Heijman

2008-01-01

104

Economics and planning in the veterinary undergraduate programme: a model for sub-Saharan Africa.  

PubMed

Veterinarians in sub-Saharan Africa work in resource-deficient environments. Decisions taken by veterinarians in this sub-region, on animal health, animal husbandry and public health issues, are therefore influenced by economic factors including macro-economic considerations related to the current structural adjustment programmes being implemented in the sub-region. In turn, decisions or advice given by veterinarians have socio-economic consequences on clients, on the effectiveness of the delivery systems for veterinary services and on the growth of national economies. For these reasons, economics and planning should be essential components of all modern veterinary undergraduate programmes in sub-Saharan Africa, in order to give veterinarians a basis for making decisions and giving advice which is both technically and economically sound. The authors argue that principles of livestock economics, livestock enterprise management, livestock investment analysis and economics of animal health care are necessary elements in economics and planning courses. They propose a division of these elements into discrete course units to allow for flexibility and adaptability to the different curriculum structures of schools in sub-Saharan Africa and, possibly, continuing professional development courses. The resource requirement for teaching the courses, the integration of the units in the undergraduate programme and the problems which are likely to be encountered in developing the courses are discussed. PMID:8219326

Mlangwa, J E; Kisauzi, D N

1993-09-01

105

Nutrition and National Development Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three papers are included in this document and constitute an attempt to define the position of food and nutrition issues in the context of development planning. They take as their starting point the proposition that the primary objective of development pl...

J. L. Joy P. R. Payne

1975-01-01

106

A Model for Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers definitions and descriptions, and explores the dynamics, of "strategic grantseeking" as a means of supporting economic development programs. Strategic grantseeking is a natural and dynamic tool usable with any economic development program. It consists of a set of concepts, procedures, and tools which are integrated into a…

Rampp, Lary; Johnson, Deke

107

Economic Development Impacts of 20% Wind (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Meeting 20% of the nation's electricity demand with wind energy will require enourmous investment in wind farms, manufacturing, and infrastructure. This investment will create substantial economic development impacts on local, regional, and national levels. This conference poster for Windpower 2007 outlines the various economic development impacts from a 20% wind scenario.

Kelly, M.; Tegen, S.

2007-06-01

108

GOVERNANCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: CHANGES AND CHALLENGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the issue of governance in the process of economic development. The paper first provides a literature review on the various arguments regarding the role of government in promoting economic development and the major issues emphasized in recent government reform projects. The paper then focuses on three major policy changes and reforms that are related to the area

Kuotsai Tom Liou

2001-01-01

109

Rethinking federal policy for regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic development policy is a major priority of the federal government. Over the past century, Congress has created a panoply of programs aimed at economic development in communities and regions. These programs have sprung up at different times, with different goals, and with different ways of meeting those goals. Yet taken together they add up to a big priority and

Mark Drabenstott

2006-01-01

110

Economic Development Grant Report, Fiscal Year 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile is provided of community college business centers and their activities conducted under economic development grants during fiscal year (FY) 1985. Following introductory remarks, section I provides a narrative description of the FY 1985 economic development grant activities, including industrial attraction, retention and expansion,…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

111

Electricity Production from a Small-scale Trigeneration Plant: a Planning Tool based on Economic Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent development of efficient technologies for small-scale energy production has increased the possibilities of adopting local generation sources and exploiting them in the energy market. Trigeneration is emerging as a viable and powerful solution for various applications requiring the simultaneous production of electricity, heat and cooling. This paper proposes a new planning tool based on economic assessment for comparing

GIANFRANCO CHICCO; PIERLUIGI MANCARELLA

2005-01-01

112

Strategies and Linkages: A Guide for Linking Vocational Education and Tribal Economic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a result of the project, Strategies for Linking Vocational Education Programs to Tribal Economic Plans, the guide contains information obtained from 20 tribes who are currently providing vocational education programs under the One Percent Set-Aside Federal Vocational Education funding, a program that provides the opportunity for…

Minhas, Jasjit; And Others

113

Salute to Imaginative Economic Development Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In communities across the nation, local leaders are discovering new ways to spur economic development. The handbook lists more than 45 examples of new businesses, development and innovative practices which have helped to create or retain jobs. Each has en...

1989-01-01

114

78 FR 71635 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5684-N-07...Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative and Semi-Annual Reporting AGENCY: Office of Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION:...

2013-11-29

115

Evidence development and publication planning: strategic process.  

PubMed

A number of decisions in the health care field rely heavily on published clinical evidence. A systematic approach to evidence development and publication planning is required to develop a portfolio of evidence that includes at minimum information on efficacy, safety, durability of effect, quality of life, and economic outcomes. The approach requires a critical assessment of available literature, identification of gaps in the literature, and a strategic plan to fill the gaps to ensure the availability of evidence demanded for clinical decisions, coverage/payment decisions and health technology assessments. The purpose of this manuscript is to offer a six-step strategic process leading to a portfolio of evidence that meets the informational needs of providers, payers, and governmental agencies concerning patient access to a therapy. PMID:19778166

Wittek, Michael R; Jo Williams, Mary; Carlson, Angeline M

2009-11-01

116

Development Aid to Agriculture and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe link between foreign aid and economic growth has been a controversial issue with no strong consensus so far. This paper argues that a possible reason why some studies may conclude that aid is ineffective in promoting economic growth might be that not all aid is given for development purposes (i.e. aid given for strategic considerations, humanitarian reasons or emergency

Ozgur Kaya; Ilker Kaya; Lewell Gunter

2012-01-01

117

India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents analysis of endemic deprivation in India and the role of public action in addressing the problem. The analysis is based on a broad view of economic development, focusing on human well-being and 'social opportunity' rather than the standard indicators of economic growth. India's success in reducing deprivation since Independence has been limited. Recent diagnoses of this failure

Jean Dreze; Amartya Sen

1995-01-01

118

Biological diversity, ecosystem stability and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is clear from the scale of anthropogenic resource use that economic systems should be brought within biophysical limits as soon as possible. One might assume that this task is difficult because it would involve identifying these limits, knowing when and where they are breached, and allocating responsibility. However, an intimate understanding of the natural limits to economic development may

Fraser Smith

1996-01-01

119

National trade associations, economic development and globalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the post communism regime, the responsibility of economic development has largely been shifted to private sector. The increasing role of private sector enterprises introduced the new concepts of corporate social responsibility (CSR), democratization in business and finance, corporate culture, fair trade, good governance and economic freedom and participation. The ‘wealth maximization concept’ under the ‘extreme capitalism’, limited liability, separate

Ayub Mehar

2008-01-01

120

An Economic analysis for Landscape Developement in\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about an economic investigation in order to analyze the existing situation of Lahanokipoi landscape developement and the possibilities that can come out when exploring it, starting by writing down the existing business companies and industries, the value of landscape by using economic ratios and the perspectives that can come out. The Lahanokipoi area covers a big part

Vasiliki BASDEKIDOU

121

Wind Energy and Economic Development in Nebraska  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet summarizes a recent report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Economic Development Benefits from Wind Power in Nebraska: A Report for the Nebraska Energy Office, which focuses on the estimated economic development impacts in Nebraska from development and operation of wind power in the state as envisioned in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) report, 20% Wind Energy by 2030.

Lantz, E.

2009-06-01

122

Economic Development through the Welcome Centers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project objectives were to measure the impact of Pennsylvania's Welcome Centers on economic development in the Commonwealth and identify cost-effective changes that could be made to the centers to increase travel expenditures of tourists. The project ...

K. Y. Knoebel

1992-01-01

123

Subsea completions improve development economics  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a brief historical account of the development of the offshore drilling and production sector of the oil and gas industries. The paper provides data showing the growth of offshore drilling and completion on a world-wide basis. The author attributes this to the increased reliability of subsurface production equipment showing that the new control systems have lowered the failure rate to less than two percent. The paper traces the early offshore field development and equipment used to the current floating production platforms and how they came into existence. Finally, the paper discusses the development of offshore standards for drilling, production, and control equipment.

Booth, D. (Subsea Data Services, Wimberly, TX (United States))

1993-10-01

124

Diagnostics development plan for ZR.  

SciTech Connect

The Z Refurbishment (ZR) Project is a program to upgrade the Z machine at SNL with modern durable pulsed power technology, providing additional shot capacity and improved reliability as well as advanced capabilities for both pulsed x-ray production and high pressure generation. The development of enhanced diagnostic capabilities is an essential requirement for ZR to meet critical mission needs. This report presents a comprehensive plan for diagnostic instrument and infrastructure development for the first few years of ZR operation. The focus of the plan is on: (1) developing diagnostic instruments with high spatial and temporal resolution, capable of low noise operation and survival in the severe EMP, bremsstrahlung, and blast environments of ZR; and (2) providing diagnostic infrastructure improvements, including reduced diagnostic trigger signal jitter, more and flexible diagnostic line-of-sight access, and the capability for efficient exchange of diagnostics with other laboratories. This diagnostic plan is the first step in an extended process to provide enhanced diagnostic capabilities for ZR to meet the diverse programmatic needs of a broad range of defense, energy, and general science programs of an international user community into the next decade.

Hanson, David Lester

2003-09-01

125

Aid, trade and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lord Bauer understood that the human freedom of movement plays a vital role in development. Today, internal and cross-border migration generates hard-currency remittances that raise living standards and capital investment in the country of origin, promotes greater trade and investment ties between destination and origin countries, and raises a country's stock of human and physical capital when migrants return with

Daniel T. Griswold

2003-01-01

126

Energy planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

Meier, P.M.

1986-01-01

127

Planning Routes Across Economic Terrains: Maximizing Utility, Following Heuristics  

PubMed Central

We designed an economic task to investigate human planning of routes in landscapes where travel in different kinds of terrain incurs different costs. Participants moved their finger across a touch screen from a starting point to a destination. The screen was divided into distinct kinds of terrain and travel within each kind of terrain imposed a cost proportional to distance traveled. We varied costs and spatial configurations of terrains and participants received fixed bonuses minus the total cost of the routes they chose. We first compared performance to a model maximizing gain. All but one of 12 participants failed to adopt least-cost routes and their failure to do so reduced their winnings by about 30% (median value). We tested in detail whether participants’ choices of routes satisfied three necessary conditions (heuristics) for a route to maximize gain. We report failures of one heuristic for 7 out of 12 participants. Last of all, we modeled human performance with the assumption that participants assign subjective utilities to costs and maximize utility. For 7 out 12 participants, the fitted utility function was an accelerating power function of actual cost and for the remaining 5, a decelerating power function. We discuss connections between utility aggregation in route planning and decision under risk. Our task could be adapted to investigate human strategy and optimality of route planning in full-scale landscapes.

Zhang, Hang; Maddula, Soumya V.; Maloney, Laurence T.

2010-01-01

128

Economic challenges associated with tuberculosis diagnostic development.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis remains a global health crisis in part due to underdiagnosis. Technological innovations are needed to improve diagnostic test accuracy and reduce the reliance on expensive laboratory infrastructure. However, there are significant economic challenges impeding the development and implementation of new diagnostics. The aim of this piece is to examine the current state of TB diagnostics, outline the unmet needs for new tests, and detail the economic challenges associated with development of new tests from the perspective of developers, policy makers and implementers. PMID:24766367

Hanrahan, Colleen F; Shah, Maunank

2014-08-01

129

Language Policy and Economic and Social Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of language policy making and its place in a nation's economic and social development uses Australia's experience as a case study. In particular, it reviews the factors such as multiculturalism and international relations that have led to the development of a national language policy, and examines the interim documents and the…

Ingram, D. E.

130

Environmentalizing economic development: a South Asian perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

South Asia's pursuit of economic development has entailed considerable damage to and exposed the fragility of the physical environment of the region. This paper provides an analytical overview of the of the environmental problems that manifest themselves in South Asia in a comparative perspective with East and Southeast Asian countries as well as selected developed market economies. To date, South

Mohammad Alauddin

2004-01-01

131

Economics and Human Resource Development: A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the areas agreement between two recent and seemingly disparate Human Resource Development Review articles by Wang and Swanson (2008) and McLean, Lynham, Azevedo, Lawrence, and Nafukho (2008). The foundational roles of economics in human resource development theory and practice are highlighted as well as the need for…

Wang, Greg G.; Swanson, Richard A.

2008-01-01

132

Economic Growth, Agricultural Trade, and Development Assistance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Developing countries are the most likely growth markets for U.S. agricultural exports. The best U.S. strategy for increasing the potential of agricultural exports to developing countries is to encourage economic growth in these markets, which will lead to...

G. Vocke

1987-01-01

133

Economic Incentive Programs: Performance Evaluation and the Iowa Department of Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Iowa Department of Economic Development (IDED) oversees a broad range of economic development programs and services designed to meet the needs of individuals, companies and communities. Evaluating economic incentive programs can help determine what wo...

D. A. Keele

1999-01-01

134

13 CFR 120.862 - Other economic development objectives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other economic development objectives. 120.862 Section...Company Loan Program (504) Project Economic Development Goals § 120.862 Other economic development objectives. A Project that...

2010-01-01

135

13 CFR 120.862 - Other economic development objectives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Other economic development objectives. 120.862 Section...Company Loan Program (504) Project Economic Development Goals § 120.862 Other economic development objectives. A Project that...

2009-01-01

136

Develop a Professional Learning Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A professional learning plan establishes short-and long-term plans for professional learning and implementation of the learning. Such plans guide individuals, schools, districts, and states in coordinating learning experiences designed to achieve outcomes for educators and students. Professional learning plans focus on the program of educator…

Journal of Staff Development, 2013

2013-01-01

137

The plan for the economic evaluation of the Public Service Communication Satellite system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A total plan for the economic evaluation of the PSCS public service communication satellite program within domestic markets is presented. It extends from the present through the planning, performance and evaluation of economic experiments following the launch of the PSCS, and includes the consideration of how the results of these experiments impact the transfer from demonstration to operations. The implementation of this plan will provide NASA with information needed to understand and manage the economic and social impacts of the PSCS program.

1977-01-01

138

The plan for the economic evaluation of the public service communication satellite system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A plan for the economic evaluation of the Public Service Communications Satellite (PSCS) within domestic markets is presented. It extends through the planning, performance and evaluation of economic experiments following the launch of the PSCS in 1982, and includes the consideration of how the results of these experiments impact the transfer from demonstration to operations. The implementation of this plan will provide information needed to understand and manage the economic and social impacts of the PSCS program.

1977-01-01

139

Development of a Calculation Model (Computer Program) for Comparing the Economics of Various Waste Treatment Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program was developed which analyzes and compares the economics of planning in terms of investment and operating costs. The program calculates the necessary minimum fees. Different financing models (e.g., conventional financing, financing by fu...

J. Stritzke

1982-01-01

140

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Deschutes County, Oregon.  

SciTech Connect

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be Deschutes County. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Deschutes County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economical impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result for the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

1991-12-01

141

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Harney County, Oregon.  

SciTech Connect

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be in Harney Count. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Harney County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economic impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result from the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

1991-12-01

142

Nutrition and Family Planning: Concepts and Approaches for Home Economics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article's three focal points are: the role nutrition can play in enhancing family planning goals; nutrition, family planning, and the adolescent; and potential approaches for home economics educators. (Author)

Rand, Catherine

1976-01-01

143

Emerald Cities: Urban Sustainability and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here is a refreshing look at how American cities are leading the way toward greener, cleaner, and more sustainable forms of economic development. In Emerald Cities, Joan Fitzgerald shows how in the absence of a comprehensive national policy, cities like Chicago, New York, Portland, San Francisco, and Seattle have taken the lead in addressing the interrelated environmental problems of global

Joan Fitzgerald

144

The Role of Education in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study of educational contributors to economic development identified strategic partnerships, aimed at fostering a climate of collaboration, and operational partnerships, formed for specific projects. A three-stage process enables creation of a culture of learning and enterprise: identifying priority issues, assessing capabilities, and analyzing…

Woolhouse, John; Cramphorn, Jill

1999-01-01

145

MICE, ICT and Local Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how information and communication technologies (ICT), and particularly the World Wide Web (Web), can enhance the role that Meetings, Incentives, Conventions, and Exhibitions (MICE) properties play in local economic development (LED). The complex linkages between MICE, ICT and LED are explored through a literature review, a website audit, in-depth interviews, and a case study of Te Kahurangi

Chloe K. H. Lau; Simon Milne; Charles S. Johnston

2005-01-01

146

Leveraged Buyouts: Implications for Economic Development Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering the number of leveraged buyouts (LBOs) that have occurred during the past 10 years, economic development planners should think about the potential impact on the employment base of their communities from these debt-heavy transactions. This article summarizes briefly the background of LBOs, pointing out that today in excess of probably $300 billion is outstanding in bank loans and junk

Lloyd W. W. Bell

1990-01-01

147

Migration, Human Capital Accumulation and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we contribute to the debate on the brain drain by focussing on the role played by the composition of human capital in fostering productivity growth and economic development. We present a model in which productivity increases either through imitation or innovation, and both activities use the same types of human capital as inputs, albeit with difierent intensities.

Corrado Di Maria; Piotr Stryszowskiy

2006-01-01

148

Economic Development Program, Aquidneck Island, Rhode Island.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the study was to inventory land and buildings available for economic development, and to discover employment problems and opportunities within the city of Newport. The project has assisted a wide range of employers, from a mussels growing busi...

1978-01-01

149

Engineering Research in Irish Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the main findings and recommendations of a report published in December 2010 by the Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE). The report, representing the views of a committee of distinguished Irish engineers from a wide range of disciplines, addresses the role of engineering research in Ireland's economic development and the…

Kelly, John

2011-01-01

150

Facilitating Economic Development through Strategic Alliances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how colleges and universities are becoming increasingly involved in economic development, with the formation of strategic alliances that have led to programs that benefit business and higher education. Discusses example programs from the Valley of Virginia Partnership for Education, and the outreach program of James Madison University.…

Noftsinger, John B., Jr.

2002-01-01

151

Economic Development Grant Report, Fiscal Year 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile is provided of Illinois community college business centers and the activities they conducted under the fiscal year 1986 $3.5 million economic development grant allocation. First, highlights of the year's accomplishments are presented, including: (1) community colleges provided training for 852 companies through 1,400 courses, serving…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

152

Fiscal Year 1987 Economic Development Grant Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile is provided of Illinois community college business centers and the activities they conducted under fiscal year 1987's $3,730,376 economic development allocation. First, highlights of the year's accomplishments are presented, indicating that: (1) community colleges provided customized job training for 1,395 companies through 1,954…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

153

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Updated January 30, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization in which the 30 member countries discuss, develop and analyze economic and social policy and shares expertise and exchanges with more than 70 de...

J. K. Jackson

2009-01-01

154

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Updated February 8, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization in which the 30 member countries discuss, develop, and analyze economic and social policy and share expertise and exchanges with more than 70 de...

J. K. Jackson

2010-01-01

155

China Report, Economic Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains information concerning the economic affairs of China. The following sections are included: (1) national policy and issues, (2) provincial affairs, (3) economic development zones, (4) economic planning, (5) economic management, (6) fin...

1985-01-01

156

Growth through greening: developing and assessing alternative economic development programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper articulates how communities can capitalize on the specific benefits of urban forestry and assesses the outcomes of urban forestry efforts. To accomplish this, the paper defines the context of local economic development and urban forestry; outlines the economic, aesthetic, and ecological benefits of a smart-growth agenda that includes urban forestry; and presents two brief case studies that empirically

J. D. Gatrell; R. R. Jensen

2002-01-01

157

Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Malheur County, Oregon.  

SciTech Connect

This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be in Malheur County, shown in Figure 1. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Malheur County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Local economic impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result from the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued responding as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. Public service impacts include costs such as education, fire protection, roads, waste disposal, and water supply. The project assumption discussion notes experiences at other geothermal areas. The background section compares geothermal with conventional power plants. Power plant fuel distinguishes geothermal from other power sources. Other aspects of development are similar to small scale conventional thermal sources. The process of geothermal development is then explained. Development consists of well drilling, gathering system construction, power plant construction, plant operation and maintenance, and wellfield maintenance.

Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

1993-01-01

158

Global health funding and economic development  

PubMed Central

The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries.

2012-01-01

159

SO2 emission cap planning for Chengdu-Chongqing economic zone.  

PubMed

The SO2 emission sources of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic zone were divided into 556 emissions units according to four different categories, which are city, industry, point sources, and area sources. The CALPUFF model was used to calculate the contribution of each unit, and consequently obtain an influence-transferring matrix. To ensure that the SO2 concentrations of 46 cities and counties in the Chengdu-Chongqing economic zone meet air quality standards, an emission optimization model was developed to calculate optimal emissions of each emission unit under different development scenarios. The result showed the optimal emissions of SO2 by different provinces and industries. To achieve the target of restricting and optimizing development, corresponding planning programs were developed for every district. PMID:22783625

Yi, Peng; Duan, Ning; Chai, Fahe; Xu, Yaxuan; He, Youjiang

2012-01-01

160

Urban Development Resources: Economic Development Programs Around the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Economic development program components are discussed and illustrated with descriptions of programs operating in communities around the Nation. These components include organizational options, subsidy devices, loan mechanisms, land assembly tools, and Fed...

1980-01-01

161

Regional Planning and the Economic Crisis: A Case in the Eastern Netherlands.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains information about the impact of the economic crisis on strategic choices made in the revised regional plan for Twente (Netherlands). Contents: A new-style regional plan; The impact of the economic crisis on strategic choices; Spatial d...

P. Drewe

1984-01-01

162

Telecommunications infrastructure investment and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A two-way causal relationship between telecommunications infrastructure investment and economic development, established for the US economy in previous analysis, is tested at the more localized state and sub-state level and for two specific sub-categories of telecommunications infrastructure investment - central office equipment, and cable and wire. For time series of these two sub-categories of telecommunications investment compiled for the Commonwealth

Francis J. Cronin; Edwin B. Parker; Elisabeth K. Colleran; Mark A. Gold

1993-01-01

163

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, October 30, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2011, a time when the global economy was struggling to recover from the financial crisis and slow economic growth. The OECD is an intergovernmental economic or...

J. K. Jackson

2013-01-01

164

The Diverse Social and Economic Structure of Nonmetropolitan America. Rural Development Research Report No. 49.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective rural development planning depends on facts and analysis based, not on rural averages, but on the diverse social and economic structure of rural America. Programs tailored to particular types of rural economies may be more effective than generalized programs. Because of their unique characteristics, government policies and economic

Bender, Lloyd D.; And Others

165

Organisational Problems in Planning Educational Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers submitted to a meeting of economists, educators, and government officials discuss the organizational implications of the link between education and economic growth. Following an introduction by Henning Friis, the authors and titles of the papers are (1) Necat Erder, "Some Administrative Problems in Educational Planning," (2) Raymond…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Directorate for Scientific Affairs.

166

Economic Aspects of Sanitation in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

Background: Improved sanitation has been shown to have great impacts on people’s health and economy. However, the progress of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on halving the proportion of people without access to clean water and basic sanitation by 2015 has thus far been delayed. One of the reasons for the slow progress is that policy makers, as well as the general public, have not fully understood the importance of the improved sanitation solutions. This paper, by gathering relevant research findings, aims to report and discuss currently available evidence on the economic aspects of sanitation, including the economic impacts of unimproved sanitation and the costs and economic benefits of some common improved sanitation options in developing countries. Methods: Data used in this paper were obtained from different information sources: international and national journal articles and reports, web-based statistics, and fact sheets. We used both online search and hand search methods to gather the information. Results: Scientific evidence has demonstrated that the economic cost associated with poor sanitation is substantial. At the global level, failure to meet the MDG water and sanitation target would have ramifications in the area of US$38 billion, and sanitation accounts for 92% of this amount. In developing countries, the spending required to provide new coverage to meet the MDG sanitation target (not including program costs) is US$142 billion (US$ year 2005). This translates to a per capita spending of US$28 for sanitation. Annually, this translates to roughly US$14 million. The evidence complied in this paper demonstrates that investing in sanitation is socially and economically worthwhile. For every US$1 invested, achieving the sanitation MDG target and universal sanitation access in the non-OECD countries would result in a global return of US$9.1 and US$11.2, respectively. Conclusion: Given the current state of knowledge, sanitation is undeniably a profitable investment. It is clear that achieving the MDG sanitation target not only saves lives but also provides a foundation for economic growth.

Van Minh, Hoang; Nguyen-Viet, Hung

2011-01-01

167

Planning development processes for complex products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficient planning of design processes is of critical importance to meet tight deadlines and budgets; and the development\\u000a of process planning tools is a lively research area. This paper describes current planning practice in industry and the challenges\\u000a associated with it. In industry, a multitude of plans are used in parallel each focussing on a different aspect. The units\\u000a of

Claudia M. EckertP; P. John Clarkson

2010-01-01

168

Planned Tourism Development in Quintana Roo, Mexico: Engine for Regional Development or Prescription for Inequitable Growth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1960s the isolated tropical forest enclave of Quintana Roo was targeted by the Mexican Government to serve as the cornerstone for launching what is now considered to be one of Mexico’s most successful economic development strategies – Planned Tourism Development (PTD). This paper commences with a brief review of the role of state-driven PTD in Mexico’s national economic

Rebecca Torres; Janet Momsen

2005-01-01

169

Regional Land Potential Study and Land Development Plan: Isothermal Region, North Carolina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the recommended Land Development Plan for the four-county Isothermal Region. Based upon the analysis of physical and socio-economic development determinants, the generalized Land Potential of the Region was first determined. Using the ...

1972-01-01

170

Guidelines for Individual Professional Development Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for faculty, administrators, and other classified and professional staff at Labette Community College (LCC), this booklet presents guidelines for establishing individual professional development plans (IPDPs) to foster continued education and development, and for obtaining funding of approved plans. Chapter I provides a rationale for…

Usera, John J.

171

Final Report - Development of a Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) Tribal Energy Program to develop a comprehensive Tribal energy plan. The grant, awarded under DOE’s First Steps program, supported the development of a strategic energy plan that integrates with the Tribe’s overall planning and economic development goals, and aligns with Tribal cultural, social, political, and spiritual values. The Tribe set out to incorporate its energy plan into (i) a broader economic development strategy developed by investigators at the University of California at Riverside, and (ii) the overarching goals for job-creation and wealth-creation that are held by both the Tribe and the surrounding Coachella Valley. With these wide-ranging objectives in mind, the Tribe and its consultant, Red Mountain Energy Partners, engaged in a phased approach to creating the strategic energy plan. As illustrated in Figure 1 below, the proposed approach involved both “serial” and “parallel” activities. The capacity-building component of this approach occurred throughout the duration of the project period.

Maracas, Kate; Hooks, Todd

2006-11-30

172

13 CFR 120.862 - Other economic development objectives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Other economic development objectives. 120.862 Section 120...BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Development Company Loan Program (504) Project Economic Development Goals § 120.862 Other...

2014-01-01

173

Public-Sector Loans to Private-Sector Businesses: An Assessment of HUD-Supported Local Economic Development Lending Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report assesses the performance of the third party loans under principal programs that the Office of Community Planning and Development (CPD) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) directs toward economic development: the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program; the Section 108 Program; and the Economic Development Initiative (EDI). The research describes the CDBG, Section 108, and

Christopher Walker; Martin D. Abravanel; Patrick Boxall; Roger C. Kormendi; Kenneth Temkin; Marsha Tonkovich

2003-01-01

174

Economic Development in American Indian Reservations. Development Series No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of 13 scholarly articles and essays, this book makes available hard-to-find information and theories about American Indian economic development. Part I, "The Land and the People", emphasizes cultural traditions and beliefs of Indian people and traces the development of the concept of sovereignty and its applicability to Indian self…

Ortiz, Roxanne Dunbar, Ed.

175

China's coastal population and economic development: summary of the symposium.  

PubMed

China's coastal areas have led the rest of China in economic development and low fertility rates; migration from inland areas and urbanization are well advanced. A symposium on China's coastal population and economic development was conducted in 1990 by the Population Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Liaoning Population Institute, and the Dalian Population Institute at the request of the China Population Institute. There were 50 people in attendance representing major research institutes and family planning associations and media organizations. 26 papers were submitted. The opening speaker addressed developing the economy as a positive cycle of population and development, and accelerating change. Discussion focused on the following topics: the relationship between fertility rate changes and coastal economic development, population mobility and migration to coast areas, population urbanization, and related problems. In the summation by Professor Tian Xueyuan, 7 trends were identified: continued coastal population growth, a two-directional change in natural population growth, an increase in the rate of coastal population migration, rapid urban population growth, productive age population growth and changes in the employment structure, improvements in economic and technological progess and quality of life, and rapid population aging. The symposium was considered particularly timely in highlighting the current problems and strengths, integrating theorists with field workers, and maintaining an open exchange of ideas and information. Problems were identified as regional open areas in Heihai in Guangxi, Heihe in Heilongjiang, and Dalian in Liaoning Province. Although the population is considered professionally better qualified than in other regions, there is still a lack of technicians and skilled workers and an excess of untrained workers. Development is being slowed and mismanaged due to deficiencies in the job allocation and personnel selection systems; as a consequence, there has been a "slump" in the demand for qualified personnel; skilled persons are unable to make good use of their abilities. PMID:12317925

Song, R

1992-01-01

176

Geothermal : Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Skamania County, Washington.  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the local economic impacts that could be anticipated from the development of a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power plant in eastern Skamania County, Washington, near Mt. Adams, as shown in Figure 1. The study was commissioned by the Bonneville Power Administration to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council. Skamania County was chosen due to both identified geothermal resources and developer interest. The analysis will focus on two phases: a plant construction phase, including well field development, generating plant construction, and transmission line construction; and an operations phase. Economic impacts will occur to the extent that construction and operations affect the local economy. These impacts will depend on the existing structure of the Skamania County economy and estimates of revenues that may accrue to the county as a result of plant construction, operation, and maintenance. Specific impacts may include additional direct employment at the plant, secondary impacts from wage payments being used to purchase locally produced goods and services, and impacts due to expenditures of royalty and tax payments received by the county. The basis for the analysis of economic impacts in this study is the US Forest Service IMPLAN input-output modeling system.

Lesser, Jonathan A.

1992-07-01

177

Nascom System Development Plan: System Description, Capabilities and Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Communications (Nascom) System Development Plan (NSDP), reissued annually, describes the organization of Nascom, how it obtains communication services, its current systems, its relationship with other NASA centers and International Partner Agencies, some major spaceflight projects which generate significant operational communication support requirements, and major Nascom projects in various stages of development or implementation.

1995-01-01

178

Exemplary Project Handbook: Participating in Economic Development. CETA and Reservation Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist Native American reservation program planners, this handbook highlights a number of exemplary uses of Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) funds in reservation economic development, presents a discussion of the problems reservations may face in meeting the new funding directions of the federal government, and…

Fazio, Ernest J., Jr.; And Others

179

Economic Planning for Multicounty Rural Areas: Application of a Linear Programming Model in Northwest Arkansas. Technical Bulletin No. 1653.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Planners in multicounty rural areas can use the Rural Development, Activity Analysis Planning (RDAAP) model to try to influence the optimal growth of their areas among different general economic goals. The model implies that best industries for rural areas have: high proportion of imported inputs; low transportation costs; high value added/output…

Williams, Daniel G.

180

Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, the future of Minnesota's economy has been called into question. The resulting debate illustrates how little is understood about the fundamentals that underlie economic development. While many recognize the success of the Minnesota economy in the past, they see a weakening in the foundations of that success. Some point to the decline in corporate headquarters

Art Rolnick; Rob Grunewald

181

Economic Studies of the Economic Development Administration. An Annotated Bibliography 1995-2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annotated bibliography is the fifth in the 36-year history of the Economic Development Administration (EDA). It describes 132 economic research, evaluation, and technical assistance reports funded by EDA's Research and Technical Assistance programs. ...

J. B. Fieser

2001-01-01

182

Development Plan, Township of Folly Island.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the goals and policies for the development of Folly Island in the long range future. It includes an analysis of existing land use patterns, physical features, population trends and economic opportunities. Problems facing the community...

1973-01-01

183

DSM as an economic development strategy  

SciTech Connect

Models capable of reflecting price adjustments and capital flows can estimate the longer-term impacts of energy choices on the net gain and distribution of employment. But without a common basis in the types of models used, research on the employment effects of energy efficiency cannot be integrated in a way that is useful. A sluggish economic recovery, lagging consumer confidence and concerns about the U.S.`s international competitiveness have pushed the jobs issue to the forefront of almost all economic policies. Energy efficiency and demand-side management (DSM) advocates are actively raising the issue in energy policy and regulatory forums around the country. Recent policy level discussions within the Department of Energy have strengthened this momentum. At the heart of the DOE work is an emphasis on the use of `Quality Metrics` to guide the development of its programs and budgets. Employment and income benefits are part of this new calculus. Several new studies have elevated this issue to new levels of policy consideration. Even municipal utilities have begun to explore this issue, with the release of a software package called the OPTIONS model. But with all this activity a good deal of confusion remains about how to understand the job creation process. To help clear some of the confusion, this article explains the basic tools used to measure employment gains or losses. It also reviews some of the basic lessons learned in the application of these tools.

Laitner, S.; Goodman, I.; Krier, B.

1994-05-01

184

Development and flooding : hurricane Floyd: lesson plan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will take their knowledge about the hydrosphere and apply it to the issue of population growth and development. In particular, students will learn how increasing development in eastern North Carolina may have worsened the effects of flooding from Hurricane Floyd, due to lack of soil and tree absorption of run-off. Students will create their own development plans for North Carolina in small groups, explaining how their plan will benefit North Carolina s water resources and environment.

Dayna Durbin, Jenny McCraw, Kristin Post, Lisa Norberg , Kim Vassiliadis, Cheryl Mason Bolick

2007-12-12

185

Strategic Planning in the Technology-Driven World: A Guidebook for Innovation-Led Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guidebook is intended to help economic development practitioners adopt a realistic, principles-based approach to strategic planning, one that is applicable to areas with widely different technology assets. Based on best practices from across the Unit...

J. Montana A. Reamer D. Henton J. Melville K. Walesh

2001-01-01

186

Gas development plan - Lithuania. Phase 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A detailed description of the plan for the development of gas utilization in Lithuania is presented. The plan is subdivided under the headings of gas supply, gas demand, gas transmission and distribution, economy and the organization of the gas sector in ...

1993-01-01

187

Career Planning: Developing the Nation's Primary Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career planning is the most critical ingredient in developing a nation's primary resource, its workers. A 1988 Gallup Poll showed that 62 percent of U.S. workers had no career goal when they began their first job, and more than 50 percent felt they were in the wrong job. The same results probably could be applied to Canada. Career planning skills…

Jarvis, Phillip S.

188

Sketch Development Plan: Erwin, North Carolina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A long range land development plan is presented as designed for flexible use in the formation of policies concerning the physical growth of Erwin. The plan includes probable growth areas and general estimates of land needed for future growth. A thoroughfa...

P. S. Letsinger

1970-01-01

189

Pressing Problems of the Economics and Planning of Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains a review of the primary tasks in the field of public health including the more effective management of health services through the use of computers and mathematical economic methods.

I. D. Bogatyrev M. P. Roitman

1973-01-01

190

Physics And Its Roles In Economic Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics plays a variety of roles in economic development. These are explored and ways of increasing the importance of physics to world economies are discussed. Surveys by the Institute of Physics have shown that over 40% of employment in manufacturing in the UK is based on physics, and that this sector continues to expand. Physics provides techniques and equipment for advances in the life sciences. An education in physics gives an ability to tackle a diverse range of subjects from first principles and to find innovative solutions to problems where conventional approaches fail. Physicists in many countries readily find employment in a wide range of areas. However, because of the range of opportunities available, there is a reluctance of physics graduates to enter teaching and prepare the next generation of physicists. Sharing experience between countries is vital. The World Year of Physics has played an important role in this.

Melville, Peter

2007-04-01

191

Africa Recovery: Tracking the Continent's Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library and Publications Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information has recently begun providing major excerpts of its quarterly periodical Africa Recovery via the web. The publication tracks economic and social development issues in Africa. The latest issue (July 1997) contains articles on Congolese reconstruction, the 33rd Summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the recent G-7 Summit, and the recent Africa Governance Forum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (UN Special Initiative). Articles are mostly concise news summaries. There are also sections on upcoming and recent conferences and pertinent books, as well as the features Africa in Brief and Under the Baobob Tree, which highlights a single African issue.

1997-01-01

192

Planetizen: The Planning and Development Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few decades, many ideas in the field of planning have become almost buzz-words in the popular press, including Sustainable Developmentâ and New Urbanism. With the increased interest in planning, PLANetizen was created three years ago as "a public-interest information exchange for the urban planning and development community." The site features a host of frequently updated links to recent news stories that address one of the facets of planning (such as gentrification), job opportunities, commentary, and conference announcements. Guests to the site may also elect to sign up for their electronic newsletter, and may even choose to have it delivered to any number of handheld devices, including Windows CE or Palm. The site also includes a list of the 20 "all-time greatest planning titles," which includes such familiar selections as "Good City Form" by Kevin Lynch and "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson.

193

Problem-Solving Research: Strategic Engagement in Community Development and the Resource Center for Raza Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Resource Center for Raza Planning (RCRP) at the University of New Mexico helps Mexican American college students use research to meet the needs of their communities. The formation and early development of RCRP are described, followed by its work on policy and planning related to community economic development. Implications for universities…

Cordova, Teresa

2002-01-01

194

Analysis of Distribution Research and Development Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three important areas of electric utility distribution system research have been identified: planning methods, system surveillance and control, and data file technology. This study developed information and factual data for use by EPRI in formulating rese...

L. Isaksen

1975-01-01

195

Distance Learning Plan Development: Initiating Organizational Structures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis assessed the Army Distance Learning Plan (ADLP) and the current programs associated with implementing the current Army guidance for distance learning. The thesis set out to determine what requirements went into developing OSs and in doing so s...

C. H. Poole

1998-01-01

196

Planned development of the space shuttle vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information pertaining to the planned development of the space shuttle vehicle is presented. The package contains: (1) President's statement; (2) Dr. Fletcher's statement; (3) space shuttle fact sheet; (4) important reasons for the space shuttle.

1972-01-01

197

The Marshall Plan: Economic Effects and Implications for Eastern Europe and the Former USSR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a first attempt to evaluate the economic effects of the Marshall Plan. We find that US aid had a significant impact on Europe's recovery from World War II. The recipients of large amounts of Marshall aid recovered significantly faster than other industrial countries. Strikingly, however, we find that the obvious channels through which the Marshall Plan could

Barry Eichengreen; Marc Uzan

1992-01-01

198

Bayesian acceptance sampling plans following economic criteria: An application to paper pulp manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purposes of this paper are to derive Bayesian acceptance sampling plans regarding the number of defects per unit of product, and to illustrate how to apply the methodology to the paper pulp industry. The sampling plans are obtained following an economic criterion: minimize the expected total cost of quality. It has been assumed that the number of defects

Camino GonzÁLez; Gabriel Palomo

2003-01-01

199

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Updated October 30, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2011, a time when the global economy was struggling to recover from the financial crisis and slow economic growth. The OECD is an intergovernmental economi...

J. K. Jackson

2013-01-01

200

Highway Network Connectivity, Traffic Flow Pattern, and Economic Development of China's Hainan Island  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four-stage economic development plan was formulated in 1987 to drive Hainan's economy to the level of ‘middle-level’ developed nations by 2007. This study is an analysis of Hainan's highway network, the chief mode of transportation of the Island's bus passengers and freight movement. A number of graph indices were used to measure connectivity of the highway network through eight

Yuk LEE

1998-01-01

201

Understanding and Implementing Economic Development for a Rural Indian Community - Final Report 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Overall Economic Development Plan for the Haliwa-Saponi Tribal Community is developed to address the problems of the American Indian people residing in the rural areas of Halifax and Warren County, North Carolina who are in the unemployed and low inco...

A. Richardson K. Wilson

1982-01-01

202

Teaching and Learning Development Economics: Retrospect and Prospect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author has chosen three major topics in development economics for a discussion on how to teach the subject: the concepts and measurement of development, models of growth and development, and the international aspects of economic development. For the concepts of development, it is important to emphasize the coherence of the topics to be…

Chen, Edward K. Y.

2005-01-01

203

Yaquina Bay Marine Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examines fishing, recreational and commercial, from catch to market; also retail facilities including marine repair and supply, marine oriented industrial development, and transportation related to marine oriented facilities. Phases I and II are...

1972-01-01

204

Developing Animated Cartoons for Economic Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A picture is worth a thousand words. Multimedia teaching materials have been widely adopted by teachers in Physics, Biotechnology, Psychology, Religion, Analytical Science, and Economics nowadays. To assist with engaging students in their economic study, increase learning efficiency and understanding, solve misconception problems,…

Zhang, Yu Aimee

2012-01-01

205

Pedagogy for Economic Competitiveness and Sustainable Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accelerating threats to a sustainable relationship between economic growth and the capacity of the global social-ecological system to support it require that the implications of competitiveness be reassessed. Today, the capacities that underlie economic competitiveness must also be brought to bear on policy and pedagogy to prepare the coming…

Sahlberg, Pasi; Oldroyd, David

2010-01-01

206

Toward the Development of a Cultural Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree to which various economic specialties have incorporated or avoided cultural analyses is reviewed; problem areas where such studies might be most fruitful are suggested. It is indicated there now exists in embryo form an orientation deserving the name cultural economics''; its furture is speculated. (JB)

Boulding, Kenneth E.

1972-01-01

207

Volcanic Eruption: Students Develop a Contingency Plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dangerous, loud, sensational, exciting - natural hazards have what it takes to get students attention around the globe. Arising interest is the first step to develop an intrinsic motivation to learn about the matter and endure the hardships that students might discover along the way of the unit. Natural hazards thereby establish a close-knit connection between physical and anthropological geography through analyzing the hazardous event and its consequences for the people living in the affected area. Following a general principle of didactics we start searching right on our doorsteps to offer students the possibility to gain knowledge on the familiar and later transfer it to the unknown example. Even in Southwest Germany - a region that is rather known for its wine than its volcanic activity - we can find a potentially hazardous region. The "Laacher See" volcano (a caldera lake) in northern Rhineland-Palatinate is according to Prof. H.U. Schminke a "potentially active volcano" . Its activity can be proven by seismic activities, or experienced when visiting the lake's southeastern shore, where carbondioxid and sulphur gases from the underlying magma chamber still bubble up. The Laacher See is part of a range of volcanoes (classified from 'potentially active' to 'no longer active') of the East Eifel Volcanic Field. Precariously the Laacher See is located closely to the densely populated agglomerations of Cologne (NE, distance: 45 km) and the former capital Bonn (NE: 35km), as well as Koblenz (E: 24km) and the Rhine river. Apart from that, the towns of Andernach (E: 8km ± 30 000 inhabitants) and Mayen (SW: 11km ±20 000 inhabitants) and many smaller towns and villages are nearby due to economic reasons. The number of people affected by a possible eruption easily exceeds two million people considering the range as prime measurement. The underlying danger, as projected in a simulation presented by Prof. Schminke, is a lava stream running down the Brohltal valley, causing a blockage and afflux of the Rhine, which, due to the given conditions of a very narrow valley, would lead to excessive flooding affecting even the greater Rhine-Main-region. Not to mention the consequences of a pyroclastic flow, dropping volcanic bombs and further hazardous/disastrous consequences. In comparison to other "potentially active" or "active volcanoes", e.g. the Vesuvius, the Laacher See is scarcely monitored and according to recent publications poorly analyzed in terms of contingency and evacuation plans. This offers space for critical analysis and creative solutions to an existing problem. Short: We need geographers and their knowledge to provide help. Given these facts, the Laacher See could be the layout for a very interesting geography project bringing together previously gained knowledge and understanding of volcanic activities, their destructive powers, consequences and risks in case of an eruption in combination with their topographical characteristics. Your students thereby act the role of a geoscientist developing contingency plans and evacuation zones for the greater Laacher See area. This involves a detailed analysis of the topographical characteristics based on (classic) topographic maps or online via the use of a GIS (e.g. Google maps). In a second step students enlist the possible consequences they already know according to their range and copy them onto a transparency layer on the topographic map. Using such a layer technique students add population density, important topographic features and maybe even anticipated wind directions to their map. The information density and the specific layout of this map are thereby only determined by the student's previous knowledge, their personal abilities and skills and the amount of time provided. This offers the opportunities to even differentiate the task within your group and provide support adjusted to the individual students level. On the basis of their own thematic map your students should be able to develop a (basic) plan to evacuate people from th

Meisinger, Philipp; Wittlich, Christian

2013-04-01

208

Plan for Future Land Use: Development Plan, Thoroughfare Plan, Community Facilities Plan, Lancaster, S.C.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report, with the accompanying maps which illustrate it, contains statements about: (1) the future use of land, (2) the location of existing and proposed community facilities, and (3) a preliminary thoroughfare plan for the Lancaster Planning Area. Its...

1968-01-01

209

Energy planning for development - needs and approaches  

SciTech Connect

The capability of developing countries to carry out comprehensive national energy planning is examined. The analytical methods or models constructed for analyzing the energy system have to take into account the specific context in which they are built to address issues of interest to development planners. Issues discussed are resource development and technology research, energy equity considerations to all peoples in a nation, the pricing policy, and the balance of payments considerations. The impartance of the availability of adequate skilled personnel and training programs to impart the requisite skill necessary to carry out the planning is discussed. Various surveys were conducted to determine the training needs for energy planners in developing countries. (MCW)

Mubayi, V

1981-01-01

210

Essays in Development Economics and the Economics of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is a powerful tool to improve lives and enhance the prospect of innovation and development of nations. While primary school enrollment has increased considerably over the past few decades in Sub-Saharan Africa, learning and the retention rate have remained low. The first two chapters of this dissertation analyze two dimensions in a bid…

Blimpo, Moussa Pouguinimpo

2010-01-01

211

Third Development Plan, 1984-1987.  

PubMed

This document contains provisions of Tuvalu's Third Development Plan (1984-87) relating to population policy, family planning, health care, and health education. Excerpts from chapter 6 (Population and Employment) call for effective control of population growth to strengthen the economy and improve the standard of living of the people. Efforts to strengthen the family planning (FP) program will include: 1) intensifying health education programs, 2) including unmarried women and men in the target population, 3) encouraging staff to communicate with acceptors more regularly, and 4) intensifying activities in identified problem areas. Excerpts from chapter 7 (Rural Development) delineate the problems associated with the fact that young people are migrating to the capital island in the vain hope of securing jobs. Therefore, development activity is planned for the outer islands to achieve balanced development. Sections from chapter 30 (Health and FP) report that the percentage of female targeted acceptors increased from 28.7 to 37.4 from 1982 to 1983. Health goals will continue along the lines of those presented in the Second Development Plan and will seek to develop and maintain preventative health services on all islands, to improve the quality of basic health services on all islands, to strengthen FP and maternal/child health services, and to develop and maintain dental services. PMID:12346682

1987-01-01

212

Planning practice in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains: the case of the Mekong delta floodplains.  

PubMed

Road development in relatively undisturbed floodplain systems, such as the floodplains of the Mekong River, will impact hydraulics and interrupt the natural flow of water. This affects the ecology and environment, and the livelihoods of people who depend on fishing and agriculture. On the other hand, floods can severely damage road infrastructure in years with large floods and can cause high annual maintenance costs. Improving road development practices in floodplains is a complex, multidimensional task involving hydraulic and geotechnical analysis, ecosystem analysis, socio-economic analysis, policy analysis, etc. This paper analyses the planning practice of road development and rehabilitation and how this practice can be improved in support of economically and environmentally sustainable roads in floodplains. It is concluded that although ample technical, planning and environmental assessment guidelines exist, guidelines need updating to address cumulative impacts at floodplain level and factors hampering the implementation in guidelines should be addressed in the guideline design (process). PMID:23735460

Douven, Wim; Buurman, Joost

2013-10-15

213

Solid waste management complex site development plan  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of this Solid Waste Management Complex Site Development Plan is to optimize the location of future solid waste treatment and storage facilities and the infrastructure required to support them. An overall site plan is recommended. Further, a series of layouts are included that depict site conditions as facilities are constructed at the SWMC site. In this respect the report serves not only as the siting basis for future projects, but provides siting guidance for Project W-112, as well. The plan is intended to function as a template for expected growth of the site over the next 30 years so that future facilities and infrastructure will be properly integrated.

Greager, T.M.

1994-09-30

214

Workforce and Economic Development in New Jersey: Q & A with James E. McGreevey, Governor of New Jersey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with James E. McGreevey, Governor of New Jersey. In this interview, Gov. McGreevey discusses workforce and economic development in New Jersey and how he plans to expand higher educational opportunities.

Community College Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

215

Geothermal development plan: Yuma county  

SciTech Connect

One hot spring and 33 wells drilled in the county discharge water at temperatures sufficient for direct-use geothermal applications such as process heat and space heating and cooling. Currently, one industry within the county has been identified which may be able to use geothermal energy for its process heat requirements. Also, a computer simulation model was used to predict geothermal energy on line as a function of time under both private and city-owned utility development of the resource.

White, D.H.

1981-01-01

216

WRAP process area development control work plan  

SciTech Connect

This work plan defines the manner in which the Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, Module I Process Area will be maintained under development control status. This status permits resolution of identified design discrepancies, control system changes, as-building of equipment, and perform modifications to increase process operability and maintainability as parallel efforts. This work plan maintains configuration control as these efforts are undertaken. This task will end with system testing and reissue of field verified design drawings.

Leist, K.L., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-27

217

24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598.615 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

2009-04-01

218

The Development of Economic Thinking in Children and Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jean Piaget's cognitive theory was used to investigate the economic reasoning of children and adolescents. Findings indicate student reasoning becomes more abstract, other directed, and flexible with increasing age; five concepts are prerequisites to understanding other economic concepts; and the rate at which economic reasoning develops varies by…

Schug, Mark C.

1983-01-01

219

New Strategies for Inner-City Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revitalizing America's inner cities requires an economic strategy to build viable businesses that can provide sorely needed, nearby employment opportunities. Economic development in inner cities will come only from recognizing the potential advantages of an inner-city location and building on the base of existing companies, while dealing frontally with the present disadvantages of inner cities as business locations. The economic

Michael E. Porter

1997-01-01

220

Geothermal development plan: northern Arizona  

SciTech Connect

Much of the northern counties (Apache, Coconino, Gila, Mohave, Navajo and Yavapai) is located in the Colorado Plateau province, a region of low geothermal potential. Two areas that do show some potential are the Flagstaff - San Francisco Peaks area and the Springerville area. Flagstaff is rapidly becoming the manufacturing center of Arizona and will have many opportunities to use geothermal energy to satisfy part of its increasing need for energy. Using a computer simulation model, projections of geothermal energy on line as a function of time are made for both private and city-owned utility development of a resource.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1981-01-01

221

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Planning/performing development. 1924.105...REGULATIONS CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR Planning and Performing Site Development Work § 1924.105 Planning/performing development. (a)...

2010-01-01

222

Suggestions for Incorporating Economic Development Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research project examines the role of TxDOT projects in promoting economic diversification in Texas. The authors conclude that while good access is a necessary condition for diversification, it is not sufficient to assure diversification. The role of ...

C. A. Weatherby

1998-01-01

223

Highway Investment and Rural Economic Development: An Annotated Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Dennis M. Brown, Food and Rural Economics Division, US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA ERS) (described in the July 2, 1999 Scout Report for Business & Economics), this annotated bibliography summarizes studies on the rural economic development implications of highway investment. The bibliography includes some urban studies in addition to rural and covers the effects of highway investment on different industries, local and regional spatial effects, and highway effects over time, among other issues.

Brown, Dennis M.

1999-01-01

224

Cultural diversity, economic development and societal instability  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Background. Social scientists have suggested that cultural diversity in a nation leads to societal instability. However, societal instability may be affected not only by within-nation on ?? diversity, but also diversity between a nation and its neighbours or ?? diversity. It is also necessary to distinguish different domains of diversity, namely linguistic, ethnic and religious, and to distinguish between the direct effects of diversity on societal instability, and effects that are mediated by economic conditions. Methodology/Principal Findings. We assembled a large cross-national dataset with information on ?? and ?? cultural diversity, economic conditions, and indices of societal instability. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of cultural diversity on economics and societal stability. Results show that different type and domains of diversity have interacting effects. As previously documented, linguistic ?? diversity has a negative effect on economic performance, and we show that it is largely through this economic mechanism that it affects societal instability. For ?? diversity, the higher the linguistic diversity among nations in a region, the less stable the nation. But, religious ?? diversity has the opposite effect, reducing instability, particularly in the presence of high linguistic diversity. Conclusions. Within-nation linguistic diversity is associated with reduced economic performance, which, in turn, increases societal instability. Nations which differ linguistically from their neighbors are also less stable. However, religious diversity between, neighboring nations has the opposite effect, decreasing societal instability.

Nettle, D.; Grace, J. B.; Choisy, M.; Cornell, H. V.; Guegan, J. -F.; Hochberg, M. E.

2007-01-01

225

The Financial Mythology of Information Technology: Developing a New Game Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

New economics are driving campuses to reassess their financial strategies for managing information technology investments. Many institutions will be faced with the prospect of developing an entirely new game plan. This new plan will require collaboration among academic, financial, and technical leaders; a rejuvenation of the collective conventional wisdom on campus; a shift to life-cycle budgeting; an emphasis on technology

John L. Oberlin

226

Economic implications of climate change for infrastructure planning in transboundary water systems: An example from the Blue Nile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research develops a hydroeconomic modeling framework for integrating climate change impacts into the problem of planning water resources infrastructure development. It then illustrates use of that framework in evaluation of two alternative sizes of a potential hydropower project along the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. Storing water in a Blue Nile reservoir provides an interesting case for testing this integrated approach because such a project would induce a number of physical and economic changes, both transboundary and climate-dependent. The proposed framework makes two contributions to the existing literature on water resources project appraisal. First, it demonstrates how routinely used hydrological modeling techniques can be supplemented with Monte Carlo simulation to include economic uncertainties inherent in the planning problem, in addition to its more commonly considered physical dimensions. Second, it demonstrates how analysts can include a number of linkages between climate change, hydrology, and economic production in conventional planning models to develop better understanding of the complexities and important uncertainties associated with future conditions. While the framework described here has not been used in a full analysis of alternative development projects in the Blue Nile, the general approach could be combined with a variety of decision-analytic tools to evaluate design and management alternatives in water resources systems.

Jeuland, Marc

2010-11-01

227

Biopharmaceutic planning in pediatric drug development.  

PubMed

Pediatric drug development is a required consideration for all drug development programs. Age-appropriate formulations such as suspensions, chewable tablets, oral disintegrating tablets, etc., are typically developed and used in the pediatric clinical studies. However, it is not uncommon to use enabling formulations in the pivotal pediatric clinical study followed by bridging bioavailability and/or bioequivalence studies. Development of age-appropriate formulations is an essential part of pediatric drug development and adds additional biopharmaceutical considerations to an already complex problem. Careful planning of biopharmaceutic data collection during the adult and pediatric development program can contribute significantly to the biopharmaceutic risk assessment and planning of appropriate clinical studies leading to successful development of pediatric formulations. PMID:22562590

Purohit, Vivek S

2012-09-01

228

South Asian Network for Environmental Development and Economics (SANDEE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics' (SANDEE) mission is to strengthen the capacity of individuals and institutions in South Asia to undertake research on the inter-linkages among economic development, poverty, and environmental change and to disseminate practical information that can be applied to development policies.

2008-10-27

229

QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF LITHUANIAN REGIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many European countries are faced with the problem of regional disparities when the level of social and economic development of particular regions is dramatically different. This causes social conflicts. In developing the effective regional policy one of the most important conditions is the identification of the actual level of development of a region. This problem may be solved if economic,

R. Ginevičius; V. Podvezko; D. Mikelis

2004-01-01

230

Local economic development in Africa: Global context and research directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper locates local economic development research and practice in Africa in a global context. It provides an overview of the international development of local economic development (LED), of its contested definitions and theoretical status, and of existing scholarship on the topic of LED policy and practice specifically across sub-Saharan Africa. Currently there is much more LED research available for

Christian M Rogerson; Jayne M Rogerson

2010-01-01

231

Research and Development Program Plan for Geopressure-Geothermal Resources  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Geopressure-Geothermal Program of the Division of Geothermal Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, is to determine by the end of FY86 the magnitude and economic potential of the geopressure-geothermal resources. This Program Plan describes how the Department of Energy proposes to achieve this objective. The main purposes of the current program are to narrow the range of uncertainty on the potential recovery of energy from the geopressure-geothermal resources and to ensure the timely development of these resources as the potential is demonstrated. For these purposes, the Division of Geothermal Energy has established the following objectives: (1) Define the magnitude, potential, and economics of the resources. (2) Conduct supporting research on reservoir and fluid characteristics. (3) Adapt or develop downhole, surface, and disposal technology. (4) Identify and mitigate adverse environmental, legal, and institutional issues in order to promote commercialization.

None

1980-12-01

232

Master Development Plan for the Cartagena Refinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study, conducted by the M.W. Kellogg Company, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of ECOPETROL, Colombia's national oil company. The objective of the study was to investigate technical, economic, and environmental issues tha...

1996-01-01

233

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Technology Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the GNEP Technology Demonstration Program (GNEP-TDP). It has been prepared to guide the development of integrated plans and budgets for realizing the domestic portion of the GNEP vision as well as providing the basis for developing international cooperation. Beginning with the GNEP overall goals, it describes the basic technical objectives for each element of the program, summarizes the technology status and identifies the areas of greatest technical risk. On this basis a proposed technology demonstration program is described that can deliver the required information for a Secretarial decision in the summer of 2008 and support construction of facilities.

David J. Hill

2007-07-01

234

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2010-04-01

235

24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003.203 Section 1003.203 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND...

2013-04-01

236

24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203 Section 570.203 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban...

2013-04-01

237

Office of Economic Development, Lake Placid Olympic Organizing Committee, Annual Report, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With $56 million in Federal funds from the Department of Commerce Economic Development Administration and the U.S. Bureau of Prisons, plans to design and build facilities for the 1980 Olympic Winter Games at Lake Placid, New York are reported in this stud...

1978-01-01

238

Development of an arid site closure plan  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the development of a prototype plan for the effective closure and stabilization of an arid low-level waste disposal site. This plan will provide demonstrated closure techniques for a trench in a disposal site at Los Alamos. The accuracy of modeling soil water storage by two hydrologic models, CREAMS and HELP, was tested by comparing simulation results with field measurements of soil moisture in eight experimental landfill cover systems having a range of well-defined soil profiles and vegetative covers. Regression analysis showed that CREAMS generally represented soil moisture more accurately than HELP simulations. Precautions for determining parameter values for model input and for interpreting simulation results are discussed. A specific example is presented showing how the field-validated hydrologic models can be used to develop a final prototype closure plan. 15 refs., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

Nyhan, J.W.; Barnes, F.J.

1987-01-01

239

43 CFR 1610.4-2 - Development of planning criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Development of planning criteria. 1610.4-2 Section 1610...INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING Resource Management Planning § 1610.4-2 Development of...

2010-10-01

240

Lifelong Learning: Workforce Development and Economic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lifelong learning through a strong, policy-supported information technology (IT) infrastructure is critical to the success of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) member economies. There is a great need to upgrade the quality of skills within the workforce, and there have been unprecedented investments in infrastructure and advanced…

Lee, Alice

241

Sustainable Economic Development. A Paradigm Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the turn of the last decade a paradigm change in environmental policies became apparent. At the end of the 1970s and at the beginning of the 1980s, during the first environmental revolution, environmental problems were seen as a potential conflict between economic growth and the quality of the environment; since the end of the 1980s, however, the new concept

Angela Köppl; Claudia Pichl

1995-01-01

242

Strategies for Economic Development, Lexington, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to determine the capacity of the Town of Lexington. There are many public needs for which the citizens look to the municipality, and there are considerable changes occurring in the local economic scene. To meet the traditiona...

1981-01-01

243

Military Expenditure and Socio-Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between military expenditure and the stimulation of aggregate demand, inflation, investment, trade balance, foreign exchange, the improvement of taxation, and employment creation and industrialization in the Third World is analyzed. To some extent military expenditure does promote economic growth, but it does not automatically…

Ball, Nicole

1983-01-01

244

Bluegrass Area Economic and Industrial Development Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project was conceived due to the fact that the seventeen county region of Central Kentucky has experienced unprecedented economic growth during the previous seven years. The growth in this area has been magnified by the announcement in late 1985 that ...

1992-01-01

245

Special Section: Approaches to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes four articles: "Estimating Economic Impacts of Programming: A Case Study of Forestry" (Marcouiller et al.); "Aquaculture Opportunities" (Snyder); "Starting a County Agricultural Marketing Program" (Vossen); and "A Multidisciplinary Model for Industry Support: Program Redirection Creates Missouri Textile Center" (Dillard et al.). (SK)

Marcouiller, David W.; And Others

1992-01-01

246

The adoption of deferred share unit plans for outside directors: economic and social determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the antecedents of adopting deferred compensation plans for corporate directors. Relying on agency\\u000a and network theories, we compare the economic and social characteristics of firms that have adopted a deferred share unit\\u000a plan for their directors over the 1997–2005 period (130 firms) to a control sample. Our findings show that firms where outside\\u000a directors have higher agency

Paul André; Samer Khalil; Michel Magnan

2012-01-01

247

ISV technology development plan for buried waste  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the main technical issues facing the in situ vitrification (ISV) application to buried waste, and presents a plan showing the top-level schedule and projected resources needed to develop and demonstrate the technology for meeting Environmental Restoration Department (ERD) needs. The plan also proposes a model strategy for the technology transfer from the Department of Energy`s Office of Technology Development (DOE-OTD) to the Office of Environmental Restoration (DOE-ER) as the technology proceeds from issues resolution (development) to demonstration and remedial readiness. Implementation of the plan would require $34,91 1K in total funding to be spread in the years FY-93 through FY-98. Of this amount, $10,183K is planned to be funded by DOE-OTD through the ISV Integrated Program. The remaining amount, $24,728K, is recommended to be split between the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development ($6,670K) and DOE Office of Environmental Restoration ($18,058K).

Nickelson, D.F.; Callow, R.A. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Luey, J.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-07-01

248

ISV technology development plan for buried waste  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies the main technical issues facing the in situ vitrification (ISV) application to buried waste, and presents a plan showing the top-level schedule and projected resources needed to develop and demonstrate the technology for meeting Environmental Restoration Department (ERD) needs. The plan also proposes a model strategy for the technology transfer from the Department of Energy's Office of Technology Development (DOE-OTD) to the Office of Environmental Restoration (DOE-ER) as the technology proceeds from issues resolution (development) to demonstration and remedial readiness. Implementation of the plan would require $34,91 1K in total funding to be spread in the years FY-93 through FY-98. Of this amount, $10,183K is planned to be funded by DOE-OTD through the ISV Integrated Program. The remaining amount, $24,728K, is recommended to be split between the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development ($6,670K) and DOE Office of Environmental Restoration ($18,058K).

Nickelson, D.F.; Callow, R.A. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Luey, J.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1992-07-01

249

A National Periodicals Center Technical Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical plan for developing, managing, and operating a national periodicals center (NPC), which was prepared at the request of the Library of Congress, is designed so that it could be used by the Library or any other agency prepared to assume respo...

1978-01-01

250

Research and development quality assurance planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R & D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of...

P. B. Hoke

1990-01-01

251

Developing a Playground Injury Prevention Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playgrounds are a major source of unintentional injuries in the school environment. In fact, 80% of all injuries on public playground equipment happen at school. Thus, the need for developing a playground injury prevention plan is critical to provide safe educational outdoor environments for children. The S.A.F.E.[TM] framework for injury…

Olsen, Heather M.; Hudson, Susan D.; Thompson, Donna

2008-01-01

252

Employee Motivation for Personal Development Plan Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article aims to understand conditions under which personal development plans (PDPs) can effectively be implemented for professional learning. Both the organization's manner of supporting the PDP practice as well as the individual employee's motivation is taken into account. Design/ methodology/approach: A questionnaire was…

Eisele, Lisa; Grohnert, Therese; Beausaert, Simon; Segers, Mien

2013-01-01

253

Federal Public Investment Spending and Economic Development in Appalachia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis examines the relationship between federal public investment spending and economic development in the special case of Appalachia. We propose that the effects of federal public investment spending on economic development operate indirectly through private capital accumulation. We use a spatial lag regression model to test our ideas for…

Mencken, F. Carson; Tolbert, Charles M., II

2005-01-01

254

Rural Community Colleges and Economic Development: Leaders' Perspectives on Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural communities often lag behind urban and suburban areas in economic development. Community colleges often contribute to economic development projects in rural areas, but they often seek collaboration with other community partners. This research study was conducted to better understand rural community college presidents' perceptions of the…

Pennington, Kevin; Williams, Mitchell R.

2004-01-01

255

Sustainable economic development and environmental auditing: a local authority perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper appraises the concept of environmental auditing in respect of the principles of sustainable economic development, and the options available to local authorities for positive action. Humberside County Council's various environmental initiatives are reviewed as a case study. Particular attention is given to progress with implementation, and the integration of economic development and environmental issues.

L. Richards; I. Biddick

1994-01-01

256

Economics: Opportunity and Challenges for Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem and the solution. Given the many organizational problems human resource development is expected to help solve and the many tools offered by economics, foundational direction for action can have high utility. This article concludes this issue by discussing the opportunity and challenges facing human resource development scholars and practitioners in integrating economics foundations into its theory building, research,

W. Clayton Allen; Mary Fischer; Richard A. Swanson

2008-01-01

257

Empirical Analysis of Relationship Between Accessibility and Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main goal of this paper is to investigate the impact of accessibility changes on the level of economic development in a given region. In this paper, we introduce several types of accessibility measures while economic development is quantified in terms...

D. O. Ertekin J. Berechman K. Ozbay

2003-01-01

258

DO WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS EFFECT ECONOMIC GROWTH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practitioners, researchers, and policy makers have recognized the potential for national economic prosperity and economic development through the impact of entrepreneurial activity. Large amounts of money are spent on a range of initiatives designed to stimulate employment and innovative production. Many organizations and government institutions have long recognized the importance of women in the process of increased development in both

Amanda Bullough

2006-01-01

259

Community Colleges and Economic Development: Models of Institutional Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of the nontraditional, direct involvement of community colleges in economic development activities. While a review of the literature and a discussion of the factors leading to community colleges' participation in economic development are included, the primary focus of the monograph is on seven models of nontraditional…

Katsinas, Stephen G.; Lacey, Vincent A.

260

The Missing Link in Navajo Indian Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although off-reservation economic development programs have been emphasized in the past, the Navajo Tribe also needs to emphasize on-reservation economic development in order to prevent the loss of well-educated Indian youth who leave frustrating on-reservation Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) jobs to aid outside enterprises in the mining of natural…

Billy, Bahe

261

Recouple: Natural Resource Strategies for Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This source book provides guidance and technical assistance material on utilizing forest, agricultural, and scenic and wildlife resources for rural economic development. The document focuses on the uniqueness of existing rural resources for new enterprise opportunities. Natural resource-based economic development strategies are a means to…

Thomas, Margaret G.

262

Developing Resourceful Humans. Adult Education within the Economic Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which explores the shifting paradigm from human resource development to developing resourceful humans, establishes the historical position of adult education within the economic context, discusses human capital propositions, and examines the learning dimensions of economic and educational change. The following chapters are included:…

Burton, Lynn Elen, Ed.

263

Economic development lessons from and for North American Indian economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the literature on economic development as it relates to indigenous people in the United States and Canada, and focuses on how institutions affect economic development of reservation and reserve economies. Evidence shows that strong property rights to reservation and reserve land and natural resources, whether communal or individual, are and always have been important determinants of productivity.

Terry L. Anderson; Dominic P. Parker

2009-01-01

264

Science Education and Economic Development: Trends, Relationships, and Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the links between science education and economic development from a comparative perspective and examines current global trends in science education expansion. Reviews empirical research assessing the effects of science education on economic development from a comparative or cross-national perspective. (Contains 72 references.) (ASK)

Drori, Gili S.

2000-01-01

265

Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does economic development depend on geographic endowments like temperate instead of tropical location, the ecological conditions shaping diseases, or an environment good for grains or certain cash crops? Or do these endowments of tropics, germs, and crops affect economic development only through institutions or policies? We test the endowment, institution, and policy views against each other using cross country evidence.

William Easterly; Ross E. Levine

2002-01-01

266

Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does economic development depend on geographic endowments like temperate instead of tropical location, the ecological conditions shaping diseases, or an environment good for grains or certain cash crops? Or do these endowments of tropics, germs, and crops affect economic development only through institutions or policies? We test the endowment, institution, and policy views against each other using cross country evidence.

William Easterly; Ross Levine

2003-01-01

267

Targeting Occupations in Regional and Community Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper analyzes why and how economic and community,development planners might target occupations as well as industries in shaping an economic development strategy. Key occupations can be identified on the basis of capturability, high relative employment growth rates, connectivity across industries, fit with underemployed workforce groups and potential for self-employment and entrepreneurship. I demonstrate the potential for an occupational

Ann Markusen; J. W. Harrington; Jim Heilbrun; Brian Holly; Matt Kane; Michael Lahr; Leslie Mccall; Eric Parker; Bruce Seaman; Michael Teitz; Heike Meyer; Maria Hanratty; Norma Rantisi; Ragui Assaad; Ned Hill

2004-01-01

268

Small Business and Economic Development in Macomb County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the economic development role of small businesses in Macomb County, Michigan, in order to identify those businesses which are most significant in terms of their contribution to economic development and, which therefore, would warrant public support for their retention and growth. Using these criteria, the study isolated the…

Jacobs, James

269

The Northern Cheyenne Tribe and Energy Development in Southeastern Montana. Volume I: Social, Cultural, and Economic Investigations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there are no easy answers to the economic problems faced by the Northern Cheyenne in Southeast Montana, any economic development plans should stress long-term tribal self-sufficiency, serve community needs, and consider the Cheyenne culture. Differentiation theory is appropriate for understanding the local rural area and the special place…

Nordstrom, Jean; And Others

270

Space Station Mission Planning Study (MPS) development study. Volume 3: Software development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A software development plan is presented for the definition, design, and implementation of the Space Station (SS) Payload Mission Planning System (MPS). This plan is an evolving document and must be updated periodically as the SS design and operations concepts as well as the SS MPS concept evolve. The major segments of this plan are as follows: an overview of the SS MPS and a description of its required capabilities including the computer programs identified as configurable items with an explanation of the place and function of each within the system; an overview of the project plan and a detailed description of each development project activity breaking each into lower level tasks where applicable; identification of the resources required and recommendations for the manner in which they should be utilized including recommended schedules and estimated manpower requirements; and a description of the practices, standards, and techniques recommended for the SS MPS Software (SW) development.

Klus, W. L.

1987-01-01

271

Guide to Conducting State Recycling Economic Development Finance Workshops.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this project was to demonstrate a two-pronged program for educating economic development and recycling officials about recycling business development opportunities. The project consisted of conducting a stat recycling finance workshop in ...

1996-01-01

272

The Mississippi Delta Poverty, Politics and Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Equal Opportunity (OEO) and the Economic Development Administration (EDA) of the Department of Commerce had begun programs which attempted to allow the poor people of the depressed areas to represent themselves on the development councils of...

G. P. Noble

1969-01-01

273

Omaha-Council Bluffs Metropolitan Area Comprehensive Plan. Phase II. Housing Study and Economic Base Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Phase Two of the areawide comprehensive plan for the Omaha-Council Bluffs three-county SMSA consists of a housing study and economic base survey. The housing study presents a current housing inventory for the SMSA, housing condition analysis, and an analy...

1970-01-01

274

General Management Plan Amendment, Development Concept Plan/Environmental Assessment, Indiana Dunes, National Lakeshore, Indiana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The General Management Plan Amendment and West Unit Development Concept Plan/Environmental Assessment updates the February 1980 General Management Plan (GMP) considering the full range of issues that will affect the West Unit through the year 2000. The ma...

1990-01-01

275

Alberta's economic development of the Athabasca oil sands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines the 61-year evolution of public policies pertaining to development of Alberta's non-conventional source of crude oil. The Athabasca oil sands contain an estimated 1.5 trillion barrels and provide for a safe continental supply. The Provincial Government first sponsored this undertaking in 1943. The period from then to 1971 was one of a transition from a wheat economy to a natural-resource economic base. A stable government emerged and was able to negotiate viable development policies. A second period, 1971 to 1986, was marked by unstable world conditions that afforded the Alberta government the ability to set terms of development with multi-national oil firms. A 50% profit-sharing plan was implemented, and basic 1973 terms lasted until 1996. However, 1986 was a critical year because the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) reduced prices, causing the Alberta economy to lapse into recession. During a third period, 1986 to 1996, the Alberta Government was unable to adapt quickly to world conditions. A new leadership structure in 1996 made major changes to create ongoing fiscal and development policies. That history provides answers to two primary research questions: How do public policies affect the behaviors of the modern corporation and visa versa? What are the implications for development theory? Two sources of information were used for this study. First, it was possible to review the Premier's files located in the Provincial Archives. Materials from various government libraries were also examined. Some 7,000 documents were used to show the evolution of government policymaking. Second, interviews with leaders of oil companies and federal research facilities were important. Findings support the thesis that, to facilitate oil sands development, government and the private sector have closely collaborated. In particular, revenue policies have allowed for effective R&D organization. Relying on intensive technological innovations to achieve economic oil sands productivity, the oil companies have responded successfully to declining rates of American conventional oil production. With respect to North American hinterlands, implications for development theory center on connections among established and changing political coalitions, capacities for technological innovations, and responses to dynamic world conditions.

Steinmann, Michael

276

A Study of Local Leadership in Community Economic Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research was to examine several questions regarding the effective Area Redevelopment Committee and the role it plays in community affairs. The ARA has defined the role and function of the Area Redevelopment Committee and has developed some general evaluative concepts regarding committee effectiveness. However, specific…

Banas, Paul A.; And Others

277

Master Plan for the Development of the Port of Ponce.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Port of Ponce constitutes a key element of the economical infrastructure of the Municipality of Ponce and its region of influence. The objectives of this Master Plan are essentially three: (1) to indicate which developmental measures will assure that ...

1983-01-01

278

Primary Design for Developing the Arizona Plan for Health Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Initial considerations, background, concepts, and approaches utilized in developing a State health services plan for Arizona are described. Following a chapter outline of the contents of the plan, factors pointing to a need for such a plan are identified,...

1971-01-01

279

The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model - A Map-Based Multicriteria Ecological, Economic, and Community Land-Use Planning Tool  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model (EPM) prototype is a regional land-use planning Web tool that integrates ecological, economic, and social information and values of relevance to decision-makers and stakeholders. The EPM uses a multicriteria evaluation framework that builds on geographic information system-based (GIS) analysis and spatially-explicit models that characterize important ecological, economic, and societal endpoints and consequences that are sensitive to regional land-use/land-cover (LULC) change. The EPM uses both economics (monetized) and multiattribute utility (nonmonetized) approaches to valuing these endpoints and consequences. This hybrid approach represents a methodological middle ground between rigorous economic and ecological/ environmental scientific approaches. The EPM sacrifices some degree of economic- and ecological-forecasting precision to gain methodological transparency, spatial explicitness, and transferability, while maintaining credibility. After all, even small steps in the direction of including ecosystem services evaluation are an improvement over current land-use planning practice (Boyd and Wainger, 2003). There are many participants involved in land-use decision-making in South Florida, including local, regional, State, and Federal agencies, developers, environmental groups, agricultural groups, and other stakeholders (South Florida Regional Planning Council, 2003, 2004). The EPM's multicriteria evaluation framework is designed to cut across the objectives and knowledge bases of all of these participants. This approach places fundamental importance on social equity and stakeholder participation in land-use decision-making, but makes no attempt to determine normative socially 'optimal' land-use plans. The EPM is thus a map-based set of evaluation tools for planners and stakeholders to use in their deliberations of what is 'best', considering a balancing of disparate interests within a regional perspective. Although issues of regional ecological sustainability can be explored with the EPM (for example, changes in biodiversity potential and regional habitat fragmentation), it does not attempt to define or evaluate long-term ecological sustainability as such. Instead, the EPM is intended to provide transparent first-order indications of the direction of ecological, economic, and community change, not to make detailed predictions of ecological, economic, and social outcomes. In short, the EPM is an attempt to widen the perspectives of its users by integrating natural and social scientific information in a framework that recognizes the diversity of values at stake in South Florida land-use planning. For terrestrial ecosystems, land-cover change is one of the most important direct drivers of changes in ecosystem services (Hassan and others, 2005). More specifically, the fragmentation of habitat from expanding low-density development across landscapes appears to be a major driver of terrestrial species decline and the impairment of terrestrial ecosystem integrity, in some cases causing irreversible impairment from a land-use planning perspective (Brody, 2008; Peck, 1998). Many resource managers and land-use planners have come to realize that evaluating land-use conversions on a parcel-by-parcel basis leads to a fragmented and narrow view of the regional effects of natural land-cover loss to development (Marsh and Lallas, 1995). The EPM is an attempt to integrate important aspects of the coupled natural-system/human-system view from a regional planning perspective. The EPM evaluates proposed land-use changes, both conversion and intensification, in terms of relevant ecological, economic, and social criteria that combine information about probable land-use outcomes, based on ecological and environmental models, as well as value judgments, as expressed in user-modifiable preference models. Based on on-going meetings and interviews with stakeholders and potential tool users we foc

Labiosa, William B.; Bernknopf, Richard; Hearn, Paul; Hogan, Dianna; Strong, David; Pearlstine, Leonard; Mathie, Amy M.; Wein, Anne M.; Gillen, Kevin; Wachter, Susan

2009-01-01

280

Social economic development in the prevention of global blindness  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMSTo assess the relation between a country's economic developmental status and its prevalence of blindness.METHODSAvailable epidemiological data on worldwide visual loss and its causes compiled by the World Health Organization were reviewed. Findings were compared with economic development data from the involved countries and regions. Analysis was completed in view of the socioeconomic status of each country and region.RESULTSAnalysis of

Viet H Ho; Ivan R Schwab

2001-01-01

281

Universities and Economic Development Activities: A UK Regional Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of UK universities prioritize economic development or regeneration activities and for some of these universities such activities are the main focus of their knowledge transfer work. This study compares two regions of the UK--the North West and the South East of England--which have very different levels of economic performance.…

Decter, Moira; Cave, Frank; Rose, Mary; Peers, Gill; Fogg, Helen; Smith, Susan M.

2011-01-01

282

The Economic Development of Latin America since Independence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latin America is attracting increasing interest due to the strong economic performance of the last decade and to the political changes that are taking place. This book gives a unique, comprehensive, and up to date view of Latin America economic development over the two centuries since Independence. It considers Latin American economies within the wider context of the international economy,

Luis Bertola; Jose Antonio Ocampo

283

Geothermal development plan: northern Arizona counties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Northern Counties Area Development Plan evaluated the regional market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. This study identified five potential geothermal resource areas, four of which have low temperature (<90°C, 194°F) potential and one possible igneous system. The average population growth rate in the Northern Counties is expected to be five percent per year over the next 40 years, with

D. H. White; L. A. Goldstone

1982-01-01

284

Roles of airships in economic development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is proposed that airships of known and tested technology could, in some cases, perform routine transport missions more economically than conventional transport modes. If infrastructure for direct surface transport is already in place or if such infrastructure can be justified by the size of the market and there are no unusual impediments to constructing it, then the airships of tested technology cannot normally compete. If, however, the surface routes would be unusually expensive or circuitous, or if they involve several transhipments, or if the market size is too small to spread infrastructure costs of conventional transport, the airships of tested technology present a workable alternative. A series of special cases are considered. The cases, though unusual, are not unique; there are several similar possible applications which, in total, would provide a reasonably large market for airships.

Beier, G. J.; Hidalgo, G. C.

1975-01-01

285

Spatial Analysis on Future Housing Markets: Economic Development and Housing Implications  

PubMed Central

A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand.

Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

2014-01-01

286

Strategic Petroleum Reserve: Facilities development project plan  

SciTech Connect

While the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) project is subject to future Administration policy decisions, budget proposals and Congressional actions, this Project Plan sets forth a feasible technical, cost, and schedule plan associated with the development of 750 million barrels of SPR crude oil storage and for enhancement of the SPR's distribution system to achieve a distribution capability of 4.5 million barrels per day. Assuming future adoption by the Administration and Congress of the project schedule identified in this Project Plan, The Total Project Cost (TPC) in program year dollars is $2,500,000,000. The TPC excludes post-development operations, capital improvement projects, terminal standby services, and oil acquisition. Under the same assumption, the schedule objectives of this project are: completion of the 750-million-barrel reserve, excluding oil fill, by September 30, 1992 in accordance with the storage capacity development schedule presented in Attachment 1. Completion of distribution enhancements to provide a distribution capability of 4.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1992 in accordance with the following schedule: 3.0 million barrels per day by July 31, 1987; 3.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1989; and 4.5 million barrels per day by September 30, 1992.

Not Available

1986-10-01

287

Policy Frontiers of Urban Development. Final Project Report for EDA (Economic Development Administration).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Conference of Mayors held a series of policy forums on selected current urban economic development topics: (1) development finance, (2) industrial policy, (3) economic adjustment with a special emphasis on the auto industry, (4) foreign ...

1982-01-01

288

Evaluating the potential for conservation development: biophysical, economic, and institutional perspectives.  

PubMed

The widespread conversion of rural land to low-density residential development poses an immediate threat to biodiversity and to the provision of ecosystem services. Given that development will continue and environmental stakes are high, analyzing alternative growth strategies is critical. Conservation development is one such strategy that has the potential to benefit ecosystems and diverse stakeholders including developers, homebuyers, governments, and society as a whole. Conservation development clusters homes on one part of a property to manage the most ecologically important land for the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. We draw on lessons learned from landscape ecology, open-space development, and regional planning to weigh the biophysical, economic, and institutional evidence for and against conservation development. Conservation development offers many potential environmental and economic advantages: relatively high home values and appreciation rates, lower development costs, and social and ecological benefits to society including landscape connectivity, protection and active stewardship of important ecological assets, and the maintenance of ecosystem services. But this approach also has shortcomings: it may require enlightened institutional regulations and regional planning (and/or ecologically aware developers), it is not always more profitable than conventional development and thus may require subsidies or incentives, and additional research is required to fully understand its benefits and drawbacks. With more information on the effects of clustering, the development of flexible zoning laws, and effective regional planning, conservation development could be a viable strategy for sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem services in changing landscapes. PMID:17298512

Pejchar, Liba; Morgan, Peter M; Caldwell, Margaret R; Palmer, Carl; Daily, Gretchen C

2007-02-01

289

Family planning in developing nations: a global concern, our concern.  

PubMed

Rapid population growth is a serious problem in many developing countries and family planning policies developed in response to the problem raise many ethical issues; home economists can help the citizens in their respective countries increase their knowledge of population dynamics and help them assess the ethical implications of population and family planning policies. Most developing countries have high population growth rates. The annual population growth rates for 1975-79 were 2.8% for Africa, 2.6% for Latin America, and 2.1% for Asia. Population grows exponentially: a population growing at an annual rate of 3% increases. 1900% in a century. If current population trends continue the world's population will stablize toward the end of the 21st century at about 10 billion persons, compared to the world's present population of 4.3 billion. Rapid population growth not only threatens the future welfare of society as a whole, but currently impedes the economic development of the world's poorest nations. Consequently, the governments in many developing countries have adopted vigorous family planning programs. It is difficult to reduce population growth in developing countries because these countries have a high proportion of young people in their populations, i.e., a high number of persons of reproductive age. Barriers to family planning acceptance include 1) high illiteracy rates 2) high infant mortality rates 3) the high economic and socialvalue placed on children in developing countries and 4)religious beliefs. Methods used by governments to alter population growth include 1) manipulating access to contraceptives, 2)developing programs to alter social determinants of fertility, 3) using propaganda to encourage or discourage birth control and repressing information contrary to the government's policies, 4) offering incentives to those who further government policies and imposing disincentives on those who do not comply with government policies, and 5) exerting political pressure to force individual to comply with the govermnent's policies. The use of some of these methods raises ethical issues. When does pressure become coercion? Is coecion justified by the need to ensure the future welfare of the world? In India, sterilization was promoted by making payments to sterilization acceptors and promoters and to physicians who performed sterilizations. In Taiwan, savings deposits were made for children of couples with 1 or 2 children, and the deposits were decreased in additional childred were born. In China incentives, disincentives, and polititcal and peer pressure are used to promote the governt's family planning policies. Do these strong measures lead to infaticide and to the abuse of children whose births result in economic loss for other family members? Do they violate human rights? These issues should be discussed in home economics classes, and additional efforts must be made to ensure that male students are also provided with population information. Home economists can promote the critical assessment of the population problem and its solutions. PMID:12339668

Harriman, L

1984-01-01

290

[Immigration and economic development in Eastern Asia].  

PubMed

This work describes recent trends in East Asian migration and their economic effects. The great waves of emigration of the past have largely ceased from Japan and the "dragons" of East Asia, and all have become countries of illegal immigration, return of emigrants, and legal entry of professionals. All the countries except Hong Kong have maintained strict immigration policies in order to protect their traditional and homogeneous societies and the employment and income of their own citizens. But despite active encouragement of industrial displacement to countries with cheap and abundant manpower, the labor shortages in these countries have become so severe that they have had to tolerate increased immigration. There is little evidence that immigrants have taken the jobs of natives or caused their incomes to decrease. They appear to complement shrinking local labor forces in these countries of drastically reduced fertility. The annual growth of the active population is predicted to decline from 523,000 in the 1980s to 227,000 in the 1990s in Japan, from 231,000 to 149,000 in Taiwan, and from 400,000 to 300,000 in Korea. Full employment was achieved in Japan in the early 1960s, in Taiwan in the late 1960s, in Hong Kong in the early 1970s, and in Korea in the late 1980s. Full employment was the major factor prompting relaxed immigration controls in these countries. The foreign workers are concentrated in less skilled jobs in dirty or dangerous industries that are shunned by the local population. Opponents of liberalized immigration policies cite the supplementary expenditures for infrastructure and services necessitated by the workers as well as for integration of workers desiring longterm settlement, especially if they are of different ethnicity. No definitive conclusions can be drawn about the overall positive or negative impact of immigration in East Asia without specifying the perspective from which the analysis is made--economic or social, short or long term, from the employee's viewpoint or the employer's. The consequences of importing manpower must be studied in relation to possible alternatives. PMID:12346374

Lim, L L

1994-01-01

291

Application of modelling in HACCP plan development.  

PubMed

Incorporating Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) in the initial stages of food product development allows for an assessment of the risk and severity of hazards, which may be associated with the raw materials used, their processing, the system of distribution, and the intended use. Implementation of a HACCP plan provides a mechanism to ensure that product safety is continuously achieved. Models developed to predict microbial survival and growth may become an integral tool to evaluate, control, document, and even defend the safety designed into a food product. This paper will examine some current uses of modelling to design critical control parameters and aid in regulatory decisions. PMID:7654511

Baker, D A

1995-05-01

292

Terrestrial Planet Finder: Technology Development Plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of humanity's oldest questions is whether life exists elsewhere in the universe. The Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF) mission will survey stars in our stellar neighborhood to search for planets and perform spectroscopic measurements to identify potential biomarkers in their atmospheres. In response to the recently published President's Plan for Space Exploration, TPF has plans to launch a visible-light coronagraph in 2014, and a separated-spacecraft infrared interferometer in 2016. Substantial funding has been committed to the development of the key technologies that are required to meet these goals for launch in the next decade. Efforts underway through industry and university contracts and at JPL include a number of system and subsystem testbeds, as well as components and numerical modeling capabilities. The science, technology, and design efforts are closely coupled to ensure that requirements and capabilities will be consistent and meet the science goals.

Lindensmith, Chris

2004-01-01

293

An Economic Development Study of the Rockbridge Area of Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examines the economic problems of the community, analyzes the area's economy. A program for the long-term orderly growth and development of the community was established. The report also projects future employment requirements of the Rockbridge ...

1979-01-01

294

Economic Integration of Women in the Development Process of Burandi.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reviews the status of women in Burundi, with particular focus on rural women, and proposes a three-point strategy to incorporate women into the economic development process. The strategy involves: (1) legislative reform, including liberalizing ...

M. Fikry M. Ward

1992-01-01

295

Global Food Demand Patterns Over Changing Levels of Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Global food demand is analyzed for three U.S. export commodity groups: coarse grains, wheat and rice, and meat. The analysis provides insight into potential export markets by anticipating changes in countries' food demand as economic development proceeds....

S. M. Marks M. J. Yetley

1987-01-01

296

Talent Development in Economically Disadvantaged Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to summarize what is generally known about talent development and schooling by stating some propositions about the way such programs are structured. This article sets the stage for a series of stories of programs that attempt to address the challenge of talent development in diverse low-income populations. The…

Coleman, Laurence

2006-01-01

297

Economic valuation for sustainable development in the Swedish coastal zone.  

PubMed

The Swedish coastal zone is a scene of conflicting interests about various goods and services provided by nature. Open-access conditions and the public nature of many services increase the difficulty in resolving these conflicts. "Sustainability" is a vague but widely accepted guideline for finding reasonable trade-offs between different interests. The UN view of sustainable development suggests that coastal zone management should aim at a sustainable ecological, economic, and social-cultural development. Looking closer at economic sustainability, it is observed that economic analyses about whether changes in society imply a gain or a loss should take into account the economic value of the environment. Methods used for making such economic valuation in the context of the Swedish coastal zone are briefly reviewed. It is noted that the property rights context matters for the results of a valuation study. This general background is followed by a concise presentation of the design and results of four valuation studies on Swedish coastal zone issues. One study is on the economic value of an improved bathing water quality in the Stockholm archipelago. The other studies are a travel cost study about the economic value of improved recreational fisheries in the Stockholm archipelago, a replacement cost study on the value of restoring habitats for sea trout, and a choice experiment study on the economic value of improved water quality along the Swedish westcoast. PMID:15865316

Söderqvist, Tore; Eggert, Hĺkan; Olsson, Björn; Soutukorva, Asa

2005-03-01

298

Comprehensive development master plan: a study of environmental politics. [Dade County  

SciTech Connect

This study is an investigation of environmental politics in Dade County, Florida. Influence efforts of a small group of citizens in a growing urban community in a fragile tropical everglades setting are reviewed. Environmentalists and other interest groups in the community each worked to have their values written into the Comprehensive Development Master Plan. The Planning Department chose and used the Citizens Advisory Task Force. For the most part, environmental members outvoiced economic members in policy making decisions. The three part plan was produced using new types of data and concepts, combined with traditional planning techniques. Part I policies became more generalized with each formulation. The Environmental Protection Guide classified land for urban use by environmental sensitivity. The Metropolitan Development Guide gave data and implementation techniques. When the County Commission made its final decisions on the Comprehensive Development Master Plan it formulated and legitimated a plan stating environmental values.

Rogier, C.M.

1982-01-01

299

After the exit: Acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

MASON C. M. and HARRISON R. T. (2006) After the exit: acquisitions, entrepreneurial recycling and regional economic development, Regional Studies40, 55–73. Most studies of the impact of mergers and acquisitions suggest they have a detrimental impact on economic development in peripheral regions over the longer-term. However, such assessments fail to consider the post-acquisition behaviour of the cashed-out entrepreneurs. It is

Colin M. Mason; Richard T. Harrison

2006-01-01

300

The Role of Eastern Europe in Development Economics' History1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until the 1980s, development economics was dominated by analytical approaches formulated during the 1930s and 1940s in response to international instability. The relative backwardness of Eastern Europe had stimulated early thinking that carried over to the post-World War II agenda of reconstruction and nation-building. This paper examines the influence such analysis had on the history of development economics. Explanations for

James M. Warner; Kenneth P. Jameson

301

Animal biotechnology: applications and economic implications in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In most developing countries, biotechnological applications relating to livestock need to be suitable for animal owners who are resource-poor small-scale operators who own little or no land and few animals. Livestock is becoming increasingly important to economic growth in developing countries and the application of biotechnology is largely dictated by commercial considerations and socio-economic goals. Using technology to support

M. L. Madan

2005-01-01

302

Least-cost planning in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The electric power industry in developing countries, as in the rest of the world, faces least-cost planning problems characterized by a range of supply-side and demand-side options, multiple conflicting objectives, and pervasive uncertainty. Two recent least-cost planning studies were sponsored by the World Bank and carried out by utilities in Hungary and Costa Rica. Although the circumstances in the two countries are very different, and the studies were carried out by different teams, they reached similar conclusions. First, both studies concluded that availability of capital was a key ingredient in developing least-cost plans. This conclusion is particularly important for developing countries since their capital requirements for power supply expansion are huge, thus indicating the need for seekin new ways of mobilizing financial resources and the adoption of policies to encourage more efficient production and end use of power. Second, both utilities were able to do thorough multi-objective and risk analyses. Third, both studies found that the multi-objective and risk analyses led to some conclusions which differed from those reached by traditional optimization, and included some surprises. In particular, the Hungarian analysis pointed to more gas turbine capacity than was previously envisaged, and found that electricity imports were an attractive option. Implementation of load management was also a winner, at least as a hedge. The Costa Rican analysis concluded that varying the power supply mix was not desireable: the utility should continue its reliance on hydro, with minor additions of thermal capacity, but eschewing baseload coal or heavy geothermal development, and with diesels preferred to gas turbines.

Merrill, H.M.; Crousillat, E.O.; Doerfner, P.; Alvarado, P.

1993-02-01

303

A plan for the economic assessment of the benefits of improved meteorological forecasts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Benefit-cost relationships for the development of meteorological satellites are outlined. The weather forecast capabilities of the various weather satellites (Tiros, SEOS, Nimbus) are discussed, and the development of additional satellite systems is examined. A rational approach is development that leads to the establishment of the economic benefits which may result from the utilization of meteorological satellite data. The economic and social impacts of improved weather forecasting for industries and resources management are discussed, and significant weather sensitive industries are listed.

Bhattacharyya, R.; Greenberg, J.

1975-01-01

304

Environmental Database and Geographic Information System for Socio-Economic Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geographic information system has helped in taking integrated land resource inventory with other Geo-coded statistics. These environmental database are used in predicting some disaster such as flood, erosion and drought. Also it is used to estimate the wind speed frequency distribution at OSU, Nigeria. A GIS is designed to accept large volume of spatial data derieved from a variety of sources including remote sensing sensor and to effectively Store, Retrieve, Manipulate, Analysed and Display these data according to user defined specification. Planning organisation need vast amount of accurate and timely information on physical Resources and related socio-economic factors to help guide their management and Planning Decision.

Omidiora, O.; Adesina, A. M.; Onaolapo, B. R.

2003-04-01

305

Site-specific development plan: Carlin, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The conditions for developing the geothermal resource near Carlin appear favorable. The resource has a favorable temperature range for direct applications (174/sup 0/F or 79/sup 0/C), the geothermal fluid has low total dissolved solids, no objectionable constituents that would result in costly scaling or corrosion problems and the resource is conveniently located within two miles from town. Direct space heating is the most realistic application and is recommended. Several clusters of homes are located less than 2 miles away. The project could be developed on a larger scale than this study proposes. The engineering and economic models are proposed on a small scale here for simplicity in evaluating the feasibility of pursuing development. Conceivably the producing well will provide sufficient hot water to accommodate more homes than the models include. The town of Carlin seems receptive to development and there does not appear to be any major barriers to exploration or development. The regulatory climate in both the state and county is conducive to geothermal development at this level. No major regulatory or environmental obstacles are noted which would severely curtail utilization for space heating. The prospect of replacing natural gas heat with geothermal heat for 60 or more homes is economically attractive. Geothermal rates for hot water are not expected to increase as rapidly as the price of natural gas to the consumer over the next 10 years. The increases for hot water from geothermal are primarily a function of power costs for the pumps plus inflation affecting maintenance costs. Individual homeowners can expect payback on retrofitting costs within two to three years.

Fiore, J.H.

1980-01-01

306

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington). Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

307

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 1. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

308

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington) Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

309

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 1. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

310

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Washington). Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

311

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

312

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon) Volume 2 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

313

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Oregon). Volume 4 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

314

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington) Part 2. Volume 1 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

315

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Puget Sound Area, Washington). Part 2. Volume 2 of 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Puget Sound Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Puget Sound Area includes Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, King, Pierce, Thurston, Mason, and Kitsap counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

316

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area (Coastal Washington) Volume 3 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Washington Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Washington Area includes Jefferson, Clallam, Island, San Juan, Grays Harbor, Pacific, and Wahkiakum counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Washington, Oregon, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socio-economic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

317

Nature's role in sustaining economic development  

PubMed Central

In this paper, I formalize the idea of sustainable development in terms of intergenerational well-being. I then sketch an argument that has recently been put forward formally to demonstrate that intergenerational well-being increases over time if and only if a comprehensive measure of wealth per capita increases. The measure of wealth includes not only manufactured capital, knowledge and human capital (education and health), but also natural capital (e.g. ecosystems). I show that a country's comprehensive wealth per capita can decline even while gross domestic product (GDP) per capita increases and the UN Human Development Index records an improvement. I then use some rough and ready data from the world's poorest countries and regions to show that during the period 1970–2000 wealth per capita declined in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, even though the Human Development Index (HDI) showed an improvement everywhere and GDP per capita increased in all places (except in sub-Saharan Africa, where there was a slight decline). I conclude that, as none of the development indicators currently in use is able to reveal whether development has been, or is expected to be, sustainable, national statistical offices and international organizations should now routinely estimate the (comprehensive) wealth of nations.

Dasgupta, Partha

2010-01-01

318

Recommendations to improve the National Development Plan for Health.  

PubMed

In November 2011, a draft National Development Plan (NDP) was released that addresses two of South Africa's major challenges: poverty and inequity. Health and economic development are interdependent, presenting an important opportunity through the NDP to integrate health within goals of broader socio-economic development. Reviewing the NDP identified gaps based on evidence and the epidemiological risk profile of South Africa. Recommendations to improve the NDP and to deal with poverty and inequity should focus on prevention and addressing the social determinants of health, including: (i) a multisectoral approach to establish a comprehensive early childhood development programme; (ii) fiscal and legislative policies to bolster efforts to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases; (iii) promoting and maintaining a healthy workforce; (iv) and promoting a culture of evidence-based priority setting. Achieving the goal of 'a long and healthy life for all South Africans' will require healthy public policies, well functioning institutional and physical infrastructure, social solidarity, and an active and conscientious civil society. PMID:23116734

de Jager, Pieter; Hofman, Karen; Khan, Taskeen; Volmink, Heinrich; Jina, Ruxana

2012-11-01

319

Standard Review Plan Update and Development Program  

SciTech Connect

This implementing procedures document (IPD) was prepared for use in implementing tasks under the standard review plan update and development program (SRP-UDP). The IPD provides comprehensive guidance and detailed procedures for SRP-UDP tasks. The IPD is mandatory for contractors performing work for the SRP-UDP. It is guidance for the staff. At the completion of the SRP-UDP, the IPD will be revised (to remove the UDP aspects) and will replace NRR Office Letter No. 800 as long-term maintenance procedures.

Not Available

1992-05-01

320

A scheme to promote the world's economic development with migration.  

PubMed

Migration's social value is generally assessed from the perspective of the receiving country. At this time the policies of rich countries allow fewer immigrants to enter than would enter under a laissez faire policy, but this may be a suboptimal policy for the world population as a whole. Those who now migrate from poor to rich countries and those who are prevented from doing so by restrictive laws certainly believe that their economic situation would be improved by such migration. A scheme for improving the worldwide welfare while making appropriate allowance for the preferences of those in the rich countries is discussed. The scheme deals with the migration of poorly schooled and semiskilled people and not the well educated. As the rich countries will not voluntarily open their borders to such immigration, a change in the international system is suggested, giving some power of taxation to an international body. This body would then pay the rich countries to take in immigrants by holding an auction among the rich countries for the immigration contracts. The scheme is analyzed, and it is argued that in the long run this approach is not as politically impossible as it initially seems. The discussion reviews the problem, the system, and the possibilities (the power of migration, the mechanisms in migration's power to raise productivity, earning patterns of immigrant cohorts, and additional possible tests) and the relative effectiveness of migration verses education in the less developed countries. It seems reasonable to send the migrants to countries that want them or can be made to want them, and an auction is a device to determine who wants something relative to someone else. A Supranational Planning Authority (SPA) could hold an auction at which countries would submit the price (per migrant or per migratory family) at which they will undertake the task of relocating migrants. The conditions of the contract would be specified, including the kind and location of housing and amenities for the migrants and the kind of occupational training they would receive. Such a contract could be a profitable means of earning foreign currency for a country. Another side benefit of the scheme is its possible use as an anticyclical device. A difficult question is the lenght (or permanence) of migratory residents. Clearly, a migration scheme will be adopted in the near future, and if it can be implemented it might work wonders for the economic development of the world. PMID:12264900

Simon, J L

1982-01-01

321

[Family planning as a basic tool for development].  

PubMed

The family planning (FP) concept has traditionally been, and is closely related to, sexual and reproductive health. At the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994, FP is recognized as a health strategy that, properly applied, can contribute to the development of nations. Over the past years we have found that the benefits are not only aimed at preventing unwanted pregnancies, there by preventing induced abortions and maternal death, but it also improves child health, facilitating access to education for children in the world, it promotes the empowerment of women not only in the workplace but also in other areas such as politics and thus, the concept of gender; it helps to reduce poverty by stimulating economic development and increasing the standard of living of people . This means that it not only contributes to one but to the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Despite the evidence of its benefits, there are still social, cultural, political or religious barriers that cause an unmet need in Family Planning, which does not respect the right of individuals to choose and decide the number of children they want, and prevent the experience of a healthy sexuality. PMID:24100824

Gutiérrez, Miguel

2013-07-01

322

Human capital accumulation, fertility and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the development paths of an economy by incorporating the trade-off between the quality and quantity of children\\u000a and the substitutability between the educational effect within the family and the education paid for by the parent. There\\u000a is a threshold wage rate, above which individuals begin to invest in the human capital of their children, while reducing the\\u000a number

Akira Yakita

2010-01-01

323

Program for Economic Development: Gila River Indian Community, Sacaton, Arizona.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report includes land use plans for interstate interchanges in the reservation, proposes zoning regulations, and analyzes five development possibilities to generate tribal income and jobs. Possibilities are reviewed in terms of marketing and financial ...

1971-01-01

324

43 CFR 3183.6 - Plan of development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Plan of development. 3183...Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) ONSHORE...Filing and Approval of Documents § 3183.6 Plan of development....

2013-10-01

325

Aircraft Advanced Materials Research and Development Program Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the FAA research and development plan in Aircraft Advanced Materials and Structures. The Aircraft Advanced Materials Research and Development Plan identifies technology issues that must be addressed to accomplish the FAA mission.

P. Shyprykevich J. Soderquist

1994-01-01

326

National Energy Audit Tool for Multifamily Buildings: Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This development plan is presented as part of the initial planning that is directing the development of a new multifamily building energy audit tool for the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Weatherization Assistance Program. The Weatherization Assistant ...

G. Accawi J. New M. MacDonald M. Malhotra P. Im

2012-01-01

327

World Development Report 1985. International Capital and Economic Development. World Development Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the contribution that international capital makes to economic development, this report shows how countries at different stages of development have used external finance productively; how the institutional and policy environment affects the volume and composition of financial flows to developing countries; and how the international…

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC.

328

Economic development with limited supplies of family labor: Chinese peasant families in balancing demographic and economic requisites.  

PubMed

Family planning (FP) in rural China, particularly the ramifications of the 1-child policy, has profound implications and ramifications for family-centered social and economic life in addition to demographic control. Under a constitutionally endorsed policy of strict birth control, favorable economic opportunities coexisted with the problem of familial labor shortages. Recent reform policies have led to a more relaxed FP environment. The Chinese state is in a dilemma between the need to allow peasant's autonomy in determining the familial work situation and the population pressure on the limited cultivated land. The Chinese experience of rural reform is examined in terms of the complex relationship between population change and economic development which are influenced by the production and welfare activities of the peasant family. The theoretical argument is that a family reliant strategy of economic reform undercuts the effectiveness of population control programs. The ultimate solution lies with sustained industrialization with high labor absorption. National trends and the Dahe People's Commune/Township experience are analyzed. Discussion is focused on the dilemma of FP and family production, old and new evidence of family size and economic performance, welfare outcome of family size, the role of the state in altering the demographic balance sheet, and the strategic response of peasant families to bring families of old designs back and urban migration and proletarianization. It is concluded that there is growing understanding that the causal relationships between population growth and economic development do not clearly support universal population control. Human social organization, not the man/land ratio, shapes the consequences of population growth. The implications for the Malthusian vs. Marxian debate for developing countries are that the resources/population imbalance needs to consider more carefully the human organizational factors. Mao's notions that a revolutionary transformation of the social organization of production in China would resolve overpopulation have since been rectified by opposing ideological positions: changing the basic mode of production through institutional decollectivization and checking population growth with the 1-child policy. This dilemma in rural areas translates to greater productivity and diversification with Chinese families having abundant adult labor and secured by the number of sons. It is difficult to substantiate the benefit of small families for peasants theoretically. Political rewards have been curtailed by economic declines. The peasant family has adapted by reconstituting old family forms and kin networks and by out-migration and nonagricultural employment. PMID:12285338

Chang, K S

1991-07-01

329

Fast Economic Development Accelerates Biological Invasions in China  

PubMed Central

Increasing levels of global trade and intercontinental travel have been cited as the major causes of biological invasion. However, indirect factors such as economic development that affect the intensity of invasion have not been quantitatively explored. Herein, using principal factor analysis, we investigated the relationship between biological invasion and economic development together with climatic information for China from the 1970s to present. We demonstrate that the increase in biological invasion is coincident with the rapid economic development that has occurred in China over the past three decades. The results indicate that the geographic prevalence of invasive species varies substantially on the provincial scale, but can be surprisingly well predicted using the combination of economic development (R2?=?0.378) and climatic factors (R2?=?0.347). Economic factors are proven to be at least equal to if not more determinant of the occurrence of invasive species than climatic factors. International travel and trade are shown to have played a less significant role in accounting for the intensity of biological invasion in China. Our results demonstrate that more attention should be paid to economic factors to improve the understanding, prediction and management of biological invasions.

Lin, Wen; Zhou, Guofa; Cheng, Xinyue; Xu, Rumei

2007-01-01

330

A plan for application system verification tests: The value of improved meteorological information, volume 1. [economic consequences of improved meteorological information  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The framework within which the Applications Systems Verification Tests (ASVTs) are performed and the economic consequences of improved meteorological information demonstrated is described. This framework considers the impact of improved information on decision processes, the data needs to demonstrate the economic impact of the improved information, the data availability, the methodology for determining and analyzing the collected data and demonstrating the economic impact of the improved information, and the possible methods of data collection. Three ASVTs are considered and program outlines and plans are developed for performing experiments to demonstrate the economic consequences of improved meteorological information. The ASVTs are concerned with the citrus crop in Florida, the cotton crop in Mississippi and a group of diverse crops in Oregon. The program outlines and plans include schedules, manpower estimates and funding requirements.

1976-01-01

331

Economic Development Web Site: State and Local Policy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Development Web Site is maintained by the State and Local Policy Program, in the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, at the University of Minnesota. The site provides various resources related to economic development at the regional level. Visitors may want to start with Understanding Your Industries -- A Framework for Industry Analysis, which will examine several different analytical tools (both quantitative and qualitative) that help to describe how key industries cluster in a particular area. Several examples of areas that include industry cluster in their development strategies are available. There are also "ten key principles for developing a cutting edge economic development strategy for your area" and links to both national and state data coupled with a description of the data.

1997-01-01

332

Economic Development, Rural livelihoods, and Ecological Restoration: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a case study in Southeast China to demonstrate how the substantial changes in rural livelihoods have been\\u000a driven by a combination of “pull” forces from external economic development, and “push” forces from local areas, leading to\\u000a a shift in rural household economic activities: household outmigration and de-population of the countryside, changes in energy\\u000a consumption, and most importantly,

Chengchao Wang; Yusheng Yang; Yaoqi Zhang

2011-01-01

333

The Impact of Democratic and Economic Freedom on Economic Growth in Developing Countries: Pooled Cross Country Data Evidence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Main objective of this study is to investigate that whether free economic and political policies promote economic growth in developing countries or not. This study employs least square quantitative methodology to estimate the effects of freedoms. This study found a strong negative relationship between political freedom and economic growth in more than 70 developing countries from all regions during 2000-2004 by using an econometric model based on new classical growth theory. Economic freedom is negatively related with economic growth, but has no significant effect. Freedom for joint collective decision of people for selecting central leadership in developing countries is challenge for achieving rapid economic growth. These results differ from most of existing literatures and policy prescriptions on that positive role of democratic and economic freedom for economic growth which is precondition of economic development.

Santhirasegaram, Selvarathinam

334

Neutral-beam development plan, FY 1982-1987  

SciTech Connect

The following chapters are included: (1) status of BNL negative ion source development, (2) source development program plan, (3) status of beam transport and acceleration, (4) accelerator development program plan, (5) neutralizer concepts, (6) neutralization program plan, (7) neutral beam systems, (8) test facilities, (9) program milestones and time schedules, (10) organization and Grumman participation, and (11) funding tables. (MOW)

Not Available

1981-09-01

335

Remarks on Successful Economic Development Programs in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural economic development depends on implementation of strategies that capture the competitive edge of the total rural environment. It will not succeed by weak duplication of traditional urban development strategies. The historic dependence on the natural resource base that is the common denominator for rural areas must be regarded not as a…

Thomas, Margaret G.

336

Women's Education for Economic Development in Cross Section of Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International organizations and researchers in the field of education and development have emphasized the importance of women's education for the social and economic development of Third World countries. However, women's educational levels are lower than men's in most countries throughout the world. This paper presents findings of a study that…

Kuroda, Kazuo

337

Public Finance and Economic Development: An Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major works in the field of public finance in developing countries are discussed in the annotated bibliography, which was prepared to support A.I.D.'s efforts to use public finance as a tool for economic development. The bibliography is organized into fou...

R. L. Curry

1985-01-01

338

Integrated Microbial Technology for Developing Countries: Springboard for Economic Progress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the current use of microbial technology in industrialized countries to develop substitute sources of fuel, food, and fertilizer and why it is important for developing countries to adopt the techniques described to gain economically. A list of references is also presented. (HM)

DaSilva, Edgar J.; And Others

1978-01-01

339

Abu Dhabi and Dubai: Economic development as in Arabian Nights?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of Abu Dhabi and Dubai during past years seems breathtaking. Both emirates pursue a strategy of diversifying their economic structure and thus of becoming less dependent on oil and gas. The obvious goal is to secure their prosperity for an era beyond oil. Diversification is a relevant strategic imperative for other resource-rich developing countries, too. In view of

Maximilian Benner

2011-01-01

340

Nuclear energy consumption and economic growth in nine developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to test the causal relationship between nuclear energy consumption and real GDP for nine developed countries for the period 1971-2005 by including capital and labour as additional variables. Using a modified version of the Granger causality test developed by Toda and Yamamoto (1995), we found a unidirectional causality running from nuclear energy consumption to economic growth in

Yemane Wolde-Rufael; Kojo Menyah

2010-01-01

341

Rural out-migration and economic development at origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Labour migration is a pervasive feature of economic development. People mobility for temporary or permanent labour purposes is a routine part of agricultural activity. There are very significant migration flows in some developing areas, with considerable impacts on individuals, households and regions at origin. Despite the growing debate about motivations and impacts of recent migration flows, costs and returns of

Mariapia Mendola

342

Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This critique argues that the preponderance of theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence suggests a positive, first-order relationship between financial development and economic growth. The body of work would push even most skeptics toward the belief that the development of financial markets and institutions is a critical and inextricable part of the growth process and away from the view that the

Ross Levine

1997-01-01

343

Helping the Discarded Generation: Youth Employment and Community Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains and illustrates features of community economic development (CDC) organizations using two Canadian examples (Learnxs Foundation, Inc., and Learning Enrichment Foundation). Proposes CDCs as a way to improve youth employment and community development. Discusses youth employment programs in Germany, Austria, Britain, and the United States and…

Shuttleworth, Dale

1984-01-01

344

The Role of Livestock in Economic Development and Poverty Reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the diverse and changing roles of livestock as they relate to the process of economic development and poverty reduction, departing from the premise that livestock production plays an important role in contributing to the livelihoods of most of the world's poor and in meeting the fast growing demand for livestock products in the developing countries. It is

Martin Upton

2004-01-01

345

California Workforce Development: A Policy Framework for Economic Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides public and system policy recommendations to state and local elected officials, governing bodies, and administrators responsible for the changes needed to create an integrated, comprehensive workforce development system that will sustain California's economic growth. Public policy recommendations include: workforce development services…

Eastin, Delaine; Hatamiya, Lon; Johnson, Grantland; Nussbaum, Thomas J.

346

Study on promoting Liaoning county economic development by industrial cluster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the theoretical analysis of internal relationship between industrial cluster and county economy, combining with the present developing status of Liaoning county economy, the thesis finds out the main problems and puts forward the strategies to further improve Liaoning county economic development relying on industrial cluster, in order to realize the rapid increase of Liaoning county economy and the upgrading

Hua Yang; Lin Sun

2010-01-01

347

Course Development Model; Manpower Report. Economic Analysis Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Man-hours by task and by manpower function are presented for phase I of the development of the multimedia, individualized course in economic analysis prepared for the United States Naval Academy. Related Documents are EM 010 787 through EM 010 823. The final evaluation report is ED 043 790, and the model developed for designing systems of…

Sterling Inst., Washington, DC. Educational Technology Center.

348

The University, the Information Superhighway and Regional Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new information economy and the information superhighway provide opportunities for universities to play a central role in the economic development of their regions. Smart Isles, a partnership of 20 international companies, universities, and research organizations, is an example of a development initiative. (SK)

Barden, Laing

1995-01-01

349

Waste-heat research, development, demonstration and commercialization plan: Rankine-cycle bottoming systems. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

Organic and binary Rankine cycle (ORC) technology as potentially broad applications in recovering and converting waste heat to the useful energy form of electricity. ORC systems are particularly suited for recovering medium-grade exhaust heat (200 to 1000/sup 0/F), a form of waste energy released primarily in the generation of electricity and in industrial processes. Therefore, a Waste Heat Research, Development, Demonstration and Commercialization Plan (RDD and C Plan) has been formulated. The objective of the plan is to achieve significant market penetration of ORC technology by 1985. To accomplish this commercialization objective, the plan is structured around three key strategic elements: demonstration of technically and economically attractive ORC systems that meet the specific needs of commercial waste heat markets; stimulation of the demand for ORC products in these markets; and promotion of the development of a competitive industry to serve ORC markets efficiently. The development of this plan and ERDA's role in its implementation are discussed.

Not Available

1980-01-01

350

City of Solon Master Plan Development Code.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Solon Planning and Zoning Code which receives continuous 'housekeeping' attention was reviewed in its entirety to reflect consideration brought to attention during the Master Plan Grants Program. Normal review procedures were followed and several new ...

1973-01-01

351

Development of Consistency between Marketing and Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined descriptive information about marketing, enrollment management, institutional planning and factors affecting them. A factor analysis of statistically appropriate variables identified factors associated with a state of symbiosis between marketing and institutional planning. (Author/BL)

Williford, A. Michael

1986-01-01

352

Strategic Development Planning at the Community Level: A Modification to Participatory Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic development planning encompasses the setting of communitywide objectives; appraisal of external forces; analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats; and development of a community-owned strategic plan. As an appropriate method transferred from business, it overcomes criticisms of other community participatory planning

Warner, Michael

1996-01-01

353

7 CFR 4280.15 - Ultimate Recipient Projects eligible for Rural Economic Development Loan funding.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Projects eligible for Rural Economic Development Loan funding. 4280.15... LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Economic Development Loan and Grant Programs...Projects eligible for Rural Economic Development Loan funding....

2009-01-01

354

31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. 537... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. ...third-country company that is engaged in the economic development of resources located...

2013-07-01

355

31 CFR 537.411 - Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. 537... § 537.411 Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. ...including an equity interest, in the economic development of resources located in...

2013-07-01

356

31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma... Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...performance of a contract that includes the economic development of resources located...

2013-07-01

357

41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900...102-75.900 What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means that...

2013-07-01

358

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303...Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...INVESTMENTS AND COMPREHENSIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7...

2014-01-01

359

Valuing fire planning alternatives in forest restoration: Using derived demand to integrate economics with ecological restoration.  

PubMed

Assessing the value of fire planning alternatives is challenging because fire affects a wide array of ecosystem, market, and social values. Wildland fire management is increasingly used to address forest restoration while pragmatic approaches to assessing the value of fire management have yet to be developed. Earlier approaches to assessing the value of forest management relied on connecting site valuation with management variables. While sound, such analysis is too narrow to account for a broad range of ecosystem services. The metric fire regime condition class (FRCC) was developed from ecosystem management philosophy, but it is entirely biophysical. Its lack of economic information cripples its utility to support decision-making. We present a means of defining and assessing the deviation of a landscape from its desired fire management condition by re-framing the fire management problem as one of derived demand. This valued deviation establishes a performance metric for wildland fire management. Using a case study, we display the deviation across a landscape and sum the deviations to produce a summary metric. This summary metric is used to assess the value of alternative fire management strategies on improving the fire management condition toward its desired state. It enables us to identify which sites are most valuable to restore, even when they are in the same fire regime condition class. The case study site exemplifies how a wide range of disparate values, such as watershed, wildlife, property and timber, can be incorporated into a single landscape assessment. The analysis presented here leverages previous research on environmental capital value and non-market valuation by integrating ecosystem management, restoration, and microeconomics. PMID:24878985

Rideout, Douglas B; Ziesler, Pamela S; Kernohan, Nicole J

2014-08-01

360

The urban-rural dimension in national economic development.  

PubMed

Urban growth should be evaluated less as good or bad in itself than in terms of whether it promotes the efficient and equitable performance of vital economic functions within a nation. Much urban growth in developing nations both reflects national growth and promotes it. Cities are sources of economic growth, which is their dominant characteristic. There is a strong tendency for large cities and their surrounding core regions to be the most active, rapidly growing areas of developing nations. Certain economic functions tend to be found only in cities and tend to cluster into certain cities because it is economically efficient. 3 mechanisms which make cities economically efficient are 1) internal economies of scale, 2) localization economies, and 3) agglomeration economies. Urban areas can provide support functions for rural areas and, in turn, their growth depends on the support of an agricultural base. Urban areas also provide alternative employment and income opportunities for the rural surplus population. There are 4 prominent questions often raised about possible negative effects of urbanization on national growth and development. One question is urban growth and urban bias, which the authors argue is overemphasized. Another question is diseconomies of scale in large cities; this, the authors suggest, is not a matter of size as much as operating efficiently. Third is urbanization and regional dualism, which the authors argue can be maintained through a strategy of changing a nation's mix and location of urban activity. Fourth is the question of cities and rural outmigration. The authors argue that although most people who leave rural areas are younger, more motivated, and better educated than those left behind, their departures are economically favorable. Getting economic activity located correctly along an urban-rural spectrum is important to the growth of developing countries. 6 rules that illustrate how to do this are 1) be guided by local circumstances, not theoretical models; 2) promote better management of major urban areas; 3) avoid direct controls on migration and location; 4) understand the reluctance of industry to locate outside core regions; 5) develop secondary cities with an eye to economic eficiency; and 6) be cautious about "new town" developments. The authors conclude that 1) both host governments and those involved in development assistance should realize that urban growth is a natural process; and 2) when they do intervene in the process, they should do so in ways designed to build upon economic forces already at work. PMID:12314419

Egan, M L; Bendick M

1986-01-01

361

Psychology of Lesson Plans and Unit Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Careful planning of lesson plans and units of study is important. Good planning does not mean success in teaching, but it certainly is salient to be well prepared each day for teaching pupils. It is unfortunate if teachers enter classrooms with little to show in the way of being prepared for teaching. Pupils do notice if a teacher is ill prepared…

Ediger, Marlow

2004-01-01

362

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator transportation system subsystem 143 software development plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This plan describes the activities to be performed and the controls to be applied to the process of specifying, developing, and qualifying the data acquisition software for the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Transportation System Subsystem 143 Instrumentation and Data Acquisition System (IDAS). This plan will serve as a software quality assurance plan, a verification and validation (V and V) plan, and a configuration management plan.

King, D. A.

1994-11-01

363

Recreation Plan - Stage I. Development Plan for Mauch Chunk Creek Watershed Area Carbon County, Pennsylvania.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report represents the first stage in the development program for the Mauch Chunk Creek Watershed recreation facilities. It consists of site plans for the various elements recommended for the recreation complex. These plans include the delineation of ...

R. Zunde

1965-01-01

364

Evaluation of Planning Development Program Grants and Related Planning Assistance to Community Action Agencies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of three types of planning assistance provided by OEO to community action agencies: Planning development program (PDP) grants, VISTA volunteer planners, and a combination of PDP grants and VISTA vo...

V. Moore, M. Rogers

1970-01-01

365

Guidelines for Analysis of Pharmaceutical Supply System Planning in Developing Countries: Pharmaceutical Supply System Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual for pharmaceutical supply systems planning in developing countries is the seventh volume in a series of works known collectively as the International Health Planning Methods Series. The series provides AID advisors and national health official...

L. Schaumann M. M. Rosner J. M. Morson

1979-01-01

366

The Financial Mythology of Information Technology: Developing a New Game Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As economic realities drive colleges and universities to reassess financial strategies for managing information technology investments, many will have to develop a new game plan, requiring: collaboration among academic, financial, and technical leaders; rejuvenation of the collective conventional wisdom; shift to life-cycle budgeting; emphasis on…

Oberlin, John L.

1996-01-01

367

Integrative Life Planning. Critical Tasks for Career Development and Changing Life Patterns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents an integrative life planning (ILP) model for career professionals/counselors to use in helping their clients develop career and life pathways responsive to their own economic, family, spiritual, and cultural needs and also to community needs. Discussed in chapters 1-2, which introduce the ILP model as a new way of thinking about…

Hansen, L. Sunny

368

Modernism and Planned Development: A Study of Two Punjabi Villages in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two rural villages with similar characteristics were selected in Punjab (northern India) in order to study attitudes towards planned socio-economic development programs. All household heads (married males) in Bhagpura (123) and Khaira Bet (116) were interviewed; other data were derived separately. Program acceptance (modernism) in both villages…

Sharma, Satish

369

Geothermal development plan: Cochise/Santa Cruz Counties  

SciTech Connect

The Cochise/Santa Cruz Counties Area Development Plan evaluated the regional market potential for utilizing geothermal energy. The study identified three potential geothermal resource areas with potential for resource temperatures less than 90/sup 0/C (194/sup 0/F). Geothermal resources are found to occur near the towns of Willcox, San Simon, and Bowier. Population growth rates are expected to average three percent per year over the next 30 years in Willcox; Bowie and San Simon are expected to grow much slower. Regional employment is based on agriculture and copper mining, though future growth in trade, services and international trade is expected. A regional energy-use analysis is also included. Urban use, copper mining and agriculture are the principal water users in the region and substantial reductions in water use are anticipated in the future. The development plan also contains a section identifying potential geothermal energy users in the region. Geothermal energy utilization projections suggest that by the year 2000, geothermal energy might economically provide the energy equivalent of 3,250,000 barrels of oil per year to the industrial sector. In addition, geothermal energy utilization might help stimulate an agricultural and livestock processing industry.

White, D.H.; Goldstone, L.A.

1982-08-01

370

Integration of Hydrologic, Economic, Ecologic, Social, and Well-Being Factors in Planning Flood Control Measures for Urban Streams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A well-planned control program requires coordinated implementation of a number of structural and nonstructural measures selected through the evaluation of a variety of hydrologic, economic, ecologic, social preference, and community well-being information...

L. D. James A. C. Benke H. L. Ragsdale

1975-01-01

371

7 CFR 1924.105 - Planning/performing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...All planning and performing development work is the responsibility...applicant or developer. All development will be arranged and...specifications. (iii) For developments not specifically required...accurately describe the proposed development. Contract documents...

2014-01-01

372

Development Plan for Relocation to the Nichols Avenue School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School (TMA) submits its Development Plan for the renovation and improvements to the Nichols Avenue School building and site, which will serve as the future home for their school. Working with an experienced planning, design and construction team, they have prepared a Development Plan

21st Century School Fund, 2004

2004-01-01

373

Baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in the Washington-Oregon Planning Area. (Coastal Oregon) Volume 1 of 4. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socio-economic profiles of the counties in the Coastal Oregon Area of the Washington-Oregon Planning Area of the Minerals Management Service. The Coastal Oregon Area includes Clatsop, Tillamook, Lincoln, Lane, Douglas, Coos, and Curry counties. It presents baseline socio-economic profiles of coastal counties in Oregon, Washington, and California which may be potentially affected by offshore oil and gas development. Each profile includes socio-economic characteristics organized under the following eight headings: demographics, economics, housing, public services and facilities, public finance, energy consumption, land use, and other characteristics. The focus of each socioeconomic profile is 1980, but the time period 1970 to 2000 is covered, to the extent possible with existing data, to provide a historical context and an understanding of expected trends. Each county's socio-economic profile was prepared using time-series data from secondary sources obtained primarily from federal, state, and local government agencies.

Not Available

1988-12-01

374

Social Science Research on Family Planning in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After looking at the results of some family planning programs, the contributions and shortcomings of social science research relevant to family planning is discussed, plus its future role and its acceptance in developing countries. (Author/ND)

Allman, James; Mathsson, Bertil

1975-01-01

375

Accelerated plan to develop magnetic fusion energy  

SciTech Connect

We have shown that, despite funding delays since the passage of the Magnetic Fusion Engineering Act of 1980, fusion development could still be carried to the point of a demonstration plant by the year 2000 as called for in the Act if funding, now about $365 million per year, were increased to the $1 billion range over the next few years (see Table I). We have also suggested that there may be an economic incentive for the private sector to become in accelerating fusion development on account of the greater stability of energy production costs from fusion. Namely, whereas fossil fuel prices will surely escalate in the course of time, fusion fuel will always be abundantly available at low cost; and fusion technology poses less future risk to the public and the investor compared to conventional nuclear power. In short, once a fusion plant is built, the cost of generating electricity mainly the amortization of the plant capital cost - would be relatively fixed for the life of the plant. In Sec. V, we found that the projected capital cost of fusion plants ($2000 to $4000 per KW/sub e/) would probably be acceptable if fusion plants were available today.

Fowler, T.K.

1986-05-28

376

Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This year's annual report on the economic prospects for developing countries focuses on international trade and the policies needed to help these nations benefit from global integration. The news is good for many developing countries, whose economic growth is expected to register "5.3 percent this year, 5 percent next year, and ease to 4.8 percent by 2002." However, the world's poorest nations, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, have not kept pace. The full report is available online, but each chapter must be downloaded separately in .pdf format. The official press release and summary are available in several languages including Chinese, German, Russian, and English. The main page also provides a slide show of the primary points and issues of the report and a video interview with the Director of the Bank's Economy Policy and Prospects program, as well as regional economic prospects and related links.

377

Population growth and development planning in Africa.  

PubMed

Some of the consequences of rapid population growth and their implications for the economic development of the Africa region in the 1980s are outlined. The total population of Africa was estimated to be 412 million in 1976, or 10.2% of the total world population of 4044 million. Population density of the region is comparatively low, but the crude density measure of 14 persons per square kilometer in 1977 obscures the very high percentage of Africa's land which is desert or otherwise not arable. Continued high fertility rates in the region coupled with substantial decline in mortality rates especially for infants and children has resulted in Africa having a youthful population. The growth of cities due primarily to rural-urban migration is 1 of the most pressing problems of the region. Some countries in the region maintain pronatalist policies because they have a small population and regard population growth as a stimulus to the socioeconomic development effort. Few countries such as Kenya, Mauritius, Egypt, and Morocco consider rapid population growth a constraint on their development efforts and are now implementing national policies which aim at reducing the rate of growth of their populations. Population problems in Africa arise mainly from the fact that additions to the population needing education, housing, employment and to be fed adequately are increasing at a rate far more than most African countries can cope with. To illustrate the potential impact of population factors on development, the potential relationships between population and health, education, food supply, labor force supply and employment are analyzed. PMID:12263333

1980-12-01

378

Dynamic impacts of socio-economic development in rural Texas  

SciTech Connect

Several development policies and programs have been enacted to improve the economic vitality, social well-being, and quality of life in rural communities. Predominant among these is the attempt by many rural communities to attract or expand industry to promote economic growth. The main objective of this study is to develop a dynamic interactive model that accommodates the projection of socio economic growth and the impact of additional employment from a new plant in a rural community. The economic account contains projections of business activities, income and employment by sector. A local input-output model is constructed by using the location quotient technique. The Leontief dynamic input-output framework is used to project the output levels by economic sector while considering capital replacement and expansion requirements as well as current consumption. The demographic account uses an age-sex cohort survival method to project population. The annual local labor force is estimated by labor participation rates for each age and sex cohort, and is used to determine the migration activities required to match employment requirements. The public service account is projected by the average standards method, and includes age-specific usage coefficients for local areas. The projections encompass education, medical, housing, criminal justice, fire protection, water supply, water treatment, sewage treatment, solid waste disposal, and transportation requirements.

Kao, C.S.

1985-01-01

379

Path to Smarter Economic Development: Reassessing the Federal Role.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report of a panel of experts recommends a rethinking of the basic premises for federal economic development at the local, state, and regioanl levels. It offers a coherent and practical view of how our national government could organize and carry out ...

R. L. Thornburth J. DeWitt

1996-01-01

380

International Outreach: Auburn University's Role in Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights Auburn University's (Alabama) human-resource and economic-development programs in other countries, including an exchange of agricultural leaders with Germany and Hungary, a faculty exchange program with Haiti, student and faculty agricultural and aquacultural exchanges with China, and a number of programs in other countries. (MSE)

Guthrie, Richard L.

1998-01-01

381

The Superintendent; Vital Link between Education and Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 1988, at the request of State Superintendent for Instruction John Folks, about 50 Oklahoma school superintendents, legislators, association executives, and state department staff met to discuss education and economic development linkages. Participants heard numerous speakers, including superintendents, business representatives, economists,…

Pollard, Joyce S.

1988-01-01

382

Economic development and the impacts of natural disasters  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use disaster impact data over time to examine the degree to which the human and economic losses from natural disasters are reduced as economies develop. We find that countries with higher income, higher educational attainment, greater openness, more complete financial systems and smaller government experience fewer losses.

Hideki Toya; Mark Skidmore

2007-01-01

383

Regional financial development and bank competition: effects on economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have analysed the effect of financial development and bank competition on economic growth from a cross-country perspective. However, to our knowledge, no paper has analysed the effect of these two financial variables on growth at regional level. This paper examines the case of the Spanish regions in an attempt to fill this gap. Our results show that firms

Juan Fernandez de Guevara; Joaquin Maudos

2007-01-01

384

Regional Financial Development and Bank Competition. Effects on Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have analysed the effect of financial development and bank competition on economic growth from a cross-country perspective. However, to our knowledge, no paper has analysed the effect of these two financial variables on growth at regional level. This working paper examines the case of the Spanish regions in an attempt to fill this gap. Our results show that

Fernández de Guevara Radoselovics Juan; Maudos Villarroya Joaquín

2007-01-01

385

AN ENERGY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS OF CONSTRAINTS ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

There is a strong linear dependence of economic activity as measured by gross domestic product (GDP) on both the fossil fuel energy and the total emergy consumed by nations. Conceptual models of global and regional environmental systems were developed to examine the factors c...

386

Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between economic development and environmental quality is analyzed econometrically for a large sample of countries over time. The results indicate that some indicators improve with rising incomes (like water and sanitation), others worsen and then improve (particulates and sulfur oxides), and others worsen steadily (dissolved oxygen in rivers, municipal solid wastes, and carbon emissions). Growth tends to be

Nemat Shafik

1994-01-01

387

Evaluating Results of Economic and Work Force Development Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues related to the evaluation of community colleges' economic development efforts, describing the context for evaluation in terms of the external environment and college management/governance; practical realities guiding evaluation; steps in designing an evaluation programs; and the application of results to decision making. (DMM)

Alfred, Richard L.

1991-01-01

388

International Inequalities: Algebraic Investigations into Health and Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Millennium Project is an international effort to improve the health, economic status, and environmental resources of the world's most vulnerable people. Using data associated with the Millennium Project, students use algebra to explore international development issues including poverty reduction and the relationship between health and economy.…

Staats, Susan; Robertson, Douglas

2009-01-01

389

Community Economic Development: Building Capacity through Stronger Partnerships.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Information Service Report is part of a technical assistance grant from the Department of Commerce, the purpose of which was to conduct state workshops on economic development issues germane to that state or region. The report is based primarily on a ...

L. Gillen J. Murphy B. Rivers

1988-01-01

390

India's missing girls: biology, customs, and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review the evidence on the sex ratio among children below the age of six. International evidence shows that the sex ratio at birth is slightly biased towards boys, but boys suffer greater mortality, a pattern consistent with Darwinian evolution. With economic development, the male bias in the child sex ratio increases. South and East India show levels and trends

V. Bhaskar; Bishnupriya Gupta

2007-01-01

391

Women, Insurance Capital, and Economic Development in Rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, longitudinal data from a national probability sample of rural households in India are used to assess how the traditional migration of women across households via marriage, by contributing to consumption smoothing, augments the returns to women as human capital and how these returns are affected by economic development propelled by agricultural technical progress. The estimates confirm earlier

Mark R. Rosenzweig

1993-01-01

392

Economic Disparities in Middle Childhood Development: Does Income Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large literature has documented the influence of family economic resources on child development, yet income's effects in middle childhood have been understudied. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N = 3,551), the author examined the influence of family income in early and middle childhood on academic skills and…

Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth

2006-01-01

393

The Economic Development Effects of Early Childhood Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project provided estimates of the economic development effects (the creation of jobs and earnings) of early childhood programs other than pre-K programs. At the state level, the effects involve the jobs created and earnings created for state residents by investments in early childhood programs. The project also provided estimates of the jobs and earnings for state residents created per

Bartik Timothy J

2007-01-01

394

INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT AMONG ECONOMICALLY AND EDUCATIONALLY DISADVANTAGED YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CURRENT RESEARCH INDICATES THAT SCHOOL AND HOME ENVIRONMENTS STRONGLY INFLUENCE AN INDIVIDUAL'S INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT, ALTHOUGH CERTAIN VERY BROAD HEREDITARY LIMITATIONS MAY ALSO AFFECT IT. THE ECONOMICALLY AND EDUCATIONALLY DISADVANTAGED YOUTH EXPERIENCES AN ENVIRONMENT WHICH LACKS STIMULI ESSENTIAL TO POSITIVE INTELLECTUAL GROWTH AND…

GREEN, ROBERT L.

395

Recruitment of rural teachers in developing countries: an economic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monetary and non-monetary incentives for rural teacher recruitment are a prominent feature of developing-country education systems. Despite the widespread use of incentives, there is little theoretical or empirical evidence on their effectiveness. This paper interprets incentive policies within the framework of the economic theory of compensating differentials. The discussion clarifies the implicit assumptions of incentive policies and aids in organizing

Patrick J. McEwan

1999-01-01

396

Industrialization and Economic Development in Advanced Placement Human Geography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the industrialization and economic development section of the Advanced Placement (AP) human geography course, addressing four specific aspects: (1) the character of industrialization; (2) spatial aspects of the rise of industrial economies; (3) contemporary global patterns of industrialization and resource extraction; and (4) impacts of…

Bailey, Adrian J.

2000-01-01

397

The Economic Development of South Africa in Its Political Context.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper was originally intended to contain a general survey of the economic development of the Republic of South Africa, with emphasis on its industrialization, for use in a graduate seminar discussion. However, in the course of assembling data, much of...

V. J. Croizat

1967-01-01

398

Commercialization of University Research for Technology-Based Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study investigates the hypothesized relationship between US federally funded university research and development (R&D) and its resulting economic impact, as measured by the level of licensing revenue generated by US universities. The author also examines the key operating statistics of the top-ten licensing income-producing…

Ferguson, W. Ker

2011-01-01

399

A Portfolio of Community College Initiatives in Rural Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community colleges across the United States have initiated programs that are making an impact on the productivity of rural America and its residents. Profiles of 20 community and technical college initiatives in rural economic development are contained in this report intended for use by community and technical college administrators. The programs…

Thomas, Margaret G.

400

A Taxonomy of the Health System Appropriate for Plan Development. Health Planning Methods and Technology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a two-dimensional framework for classifying the health system which is recommended for use by health planning agencies during plan development activities. The content is in six sections: The first section discusses the need for a consistent planning framework. Section 2 presents the rationale for the selection of health…

Government Studies & Systems, Philadelphia, PA.

401

Developing a Master Plan for Your School. School Buildings Planning, Design, and Construction Series No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A school construction guide offers key personnel in school development projects information on the complex task of master planning and construction of schools in Australia. This chapter of the guide provides advice on how to set up a master planning team and establish a plan for quickly completing the building process. It provides an overview of…

Odell, John H.

402

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

13 Business Credit and Assistance...Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303.7 Business Credit and Assistance...ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7 Requirements...2) An in-depth analysis of economic and...

2010-01-01

403

13 CFR 303.7 - Requirements for Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

13 Business Credit and Assistance...Economic Development Strategies. 303.7 Section 303.7 Business Credit and Assistance...ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES § 303.7 Requirements...2) An in-depth analysis of economic and...

2009-01-01

404

Economic and social dimensions of environmental behavior: balancing conservation and development in Bhutan.  

PubMed

One of the primary approaches to environmental conservation emphasizes economic development. This conservation-and-development approach often ignores how development affects sociocultural characteristics that may motivate environmental behaviors (actions that actively benefit or limit one's negative impacts on the environment). Evolutionary anthropologists espouse a theoretical perspective that supports the conservation-and-development approach. Others believe sociocultural factors are the foundation of environmental behavior and worry that development will erode the values and norms that may shape such behavior. My research assistants and I surveyed 170 individuals from eight villages in two communities in Bhutan to explore whether economic (wealth, market integration) or social (religious behaviors, environmental values, social capital) factors are better indicators of environmental behavior. I used multilevel modeling to analyze use of fuelwood, use of agricultural chemicals, and tree planting, and to determine whether social norms were associated with these behaviors. Although economic factors were more often associated with these behaviors than social factors, local conditions and control variables were the best indicators of behaviors. Furthermore, economic factors were not always associated with positive environmental outcomes. Instead, farmers attempted to make the best economic decisions given their circumstances rather than seeking to conserve resources. Although religion was not a strong predictor of any of the behaviors I examined, I found evidence that the understanding of Buddhist philosophy is growing, which suggests that social factors may play a more prominent role as Bhutan's development progresses. My results highlight the need for conservation planners to be aware of local conditions when planning and implementing policies aimed at motivating environmental behaviors and that economic and social motivations for conservation may not be mutually exclusive. PMID:20455908

Brooks, Jeremy S

2010-12-01

405

75 FR 49016 - County of Greenville, S.C.-Acquisition Exemption-Greenville County Economic Development Corporation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exemption--Greenville County Economic Development Corporation The County of...acquire from Greenville County Economic Development Corporation (GCEDC) approximately...See Greenville County Economic Development...

2010-08-12

406

An overview of some of the policy implications of the eco-economic development market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent economic\\/environmental discourse on development issues has led to a new paradigm of development, called here the “eco-economic development model”, but usually known as sustainable development (including both ecological and economic concerns), which has successfully substituted the traditional model of economic development in general acceptance. However, new models usually imply new rules and perhaps a new type of market,

Lucio Munoz

2000-01-01

407

The Political Economy of Energy Based Green Economic Development: Policy Tools and their Use for Local Energy Based Green Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local economic development is in transition to “green economic development.” Local governments in the U.S. and other countries have adopted a variety of policy tools to promote green economic development and are appying them to to their local economies. The success of these efforts may depend on whether local officials have a systematic understanding of green development and how it

Hyunsang Ha

2011-01-01

408

Comprehensive Professional Development Plan for a College of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional development plan for the Wichita State University (Kansas) College of Education and the process used to develop it are described. The committee that developed the plan first had to reach consensus on the purpose and nature of professional development. Reflections are offered on why the program has succeeded so well and on the next…

McKellar, Nancy A.

1996-01-01

409

Neoclassical theory versus new economic geography: competing explanations of cross-regional variation in economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses data for 255 NUTS-2 European regions over the period 1995–2003 to test the relative explanatory performance\\u000a of two important rival theories seeking to explain variations in the level of economic development across regions, namely\\u000a the neoclassical model originating from the work of Solow (Q J Econ 70:65–94, 1956) and the so-called Wage equation, which\\u000a is one of

Bernard Fingleton; Manfred M. Fischer

2010-01-01

410

Chemical sensors technology development planning workshop  

SciTech Connect

The workshop participants were asked to: (1) Assess the current capabilities of chemical sensor technologies for addressing US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) needs; (2) Estimate potential near term (one to two years) and intermediate term (three to five years) capabilities for addressing those needs; and (3) Generate a ranked list of specific recommendations on what research and development (R&D) should be funded to provide the necessary capabilities. The needs were described in terms of two pervasive EM problems, the in situ determination of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and selected metals in various matrices at DOE sites. The R&D recommendations were to be ranked according to the estimated likelihood that the product technology will be ready for application within the time frame it is needed and the estimated return on investment. The principal conclusions and recommendations of the workshop are as follows: Chemical sensors capable of in situ determinations can significantly reduce analytical costs; Chemical sensors have been developed for certain VOCs in gases and water but none are currently capable of in situ determination of VOCs in soils; The DOE need for in situ determination of metals in soils cannot be addressed with existing chemical sensors and the prospects for their availability in three to five years are uncertain; Adaptation, if necessary, and field application of laboratory analytical instruments and those few chemical sensors that are already in field testing is the best approach for the near term; The chemical sensor technology development plan should include balanced support for near- and intermediate-term efforts.

Bastiaans, G.J.; Haas, W.J. Jr.; Junk, G.A. [eds.

1993-03-01

411

Cultural differences and economic development of 31 countries.  

PubMed

To update and extend the empirical research of Hofstede, the influence of culture on 31 nations' economic development was examined and support for modernization theory provided. Per capita gross domestic product, literacy rates, the negative of the population growth rate, and life expectancy development data were collected from 31 countries. The pattern of correlations among measures provided partial support for Hofstede's 1980 findings. PMID:17037480

Nadler, Scott; Zemanek, James E

2006-08-01

412

Port of Klickitat County Master Development Plan, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Plan contains two major sections corresponding to the two phases of the study. The first section--Phase I--is a preliminary analysis which defines the study area, analyzes the economic and physical resources of the study area, analyzes potential indus...

1977-01-01

413

Framework for Bus Rapid Transit Development and Deployment Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the results of its investigation into deployment planning for bus rapid transit systems. In this study, we conducted a macro-scale examination of bus rapid transit systems from technical, operational, institutional, and planning perspectives. We then developed the theoretical foundation for a deployment planning framework for bus rapid transit systems that specifically takes into account the unique features

Mark A. Miller; Yafeng Yin; Tunde Balvanyos; Avishai Ceder

2004-01-01

414

Developing and Using a Work Plan for Aging.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A methodology for preparing a work plan related to aging is detailed. Historical developments in the aging program of the Federal Government are traced. Basic concepts in work planning are addressed. Work planning is viewed as an application of the manage...

R. F. Minnehan

1977-01-01

415

Planning Mode Selection and Economic Feasibility Report. Charlotte-Henrietta Transit Corridor. Volume II. Mode Selection and Economic Feasibility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document provides a comprehensive economic analysis of the three selected alternative rapid transit systems for the Charlotte-Henrietta Corridor. The results of this analysis indicate the economic feasibility of an optimal system and lend to the recom...

1974-01-01

416

Population Growth and Economic Development: Lessons from Selected Asian Countries. Policy Development Studies, Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major findings of a research project on the relationship between population growth and economic development are summarized in this monograph. The study compares recent demographic and economic trends in Japan, Korea, Thailand, and Indonesia to worldwide experience as described by an econometric model of population and development. The study…

Mason, Andrew; And Others

417

Ecological modernisation, regional economic development and regional development agencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite widespread recognition that human impacts are having a detrimental impact upon the environment and the incorporation of sustainable development into policy at a variety of spatial scales, the actual implementation of sustainability remains problematic. By contrast with the rather vague and all-encompassing concept of sustainable development, some authors have argued that ecological modernization is a much more rigorous approach

David Gibbs

2000-01-01

418

Environment, health, and sustainable development: the role of economic instruments and policies.  

PubMed Central

Recent years have seen considerable progress in integrating environmental concerns into the mainstream of development policy and planning. Economic instruments designed explicitly for environmental purposes may help to achieve cost-effective solutions, and generate public revenues. Macroeconomic and sectoral policies may impact heavily upon the environment, and there is much scope for policy reforms that are justified in both economic and environmental terms. Progress in this area has been much more rapid than in the case of health objectives, even though the rationale for environmental improvement is often ultimately related to human health and well-being. It is proposed that lessons from recent experience in the use of economic instruments and policies to achieve environmental objectives are highly relevant for the health sector, which should seek and encourage support for measures that requires consumer and producers of environmentally degrading products to pay for the economic and social costs of the damage resulting from their use. Policy reform at the macroeconomic or sectoral level may yield cost-effective solutions to some health problems, and may even bring about improvements in health status that involve no net cost at all. The countrywide impact of such policies indicate that health agencies, including WHO, should develop the capacity to understand how economic policies and the adjustment process impact upon human health, not only direct through the effect on incomes, but also indirectly, via changes in the natural environment. Ability to conduct rigorous health impact assessment of economic policy reform, which requires a multidisciplinary effort, is a necessary condition if health ministries are to maximize their effectiveness in influencing overall government economic policy.

Warford, J. J.

1995-01-01

419

Developing a Successful Network Disaster Recovery Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concentrates on the preparation for and the procedures to be followed in creating a disaster recovery plan. The recovery strategy, recovery teams, procedures and action tests, and maintenance and testing are all discussed in some detail.

Bruce Edwards

1994-01-01

420

Mid-Plains Community College Area Human Resources Development Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Human Resource Development Plan represents an effort to systematize human resources and personnel development at Mid-Plains Community College Area (MPCCA). The need for creating such a plan was specifically cited by North Central consultant evaluators, and a Human Resources Development (HRD) Steering Committee was established in spring 1994…

Mid-Plains Community Coll. Area, North Platte, NE. Office of Institutional Research.

421

24. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, Natick, Mass, Climatic Building, First Floor Plan, Architectural. Drawing No. 35-07-01, Sheet 2 of 72, 1952, updated to 1985. (Source: NRDEC). - Natick Research & Development Laboratories, Climatic Chambers Building, U.S. Army Natick Research, Development & Engineering Center (NRDEC), Natick, Middlesex County, MA

422

25. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. PHOTOCOPY OF PLAN DRAWING. Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratory, Natick, Mass. Climatic Building, First Floor Plan, Refrigeration and Engineering. Drawing No. 35-07-01, Sheet 52 of 72, 1952. (Source: NRDEC). - Natick Research & Development Laboratories, Climatic Chambers Building, U.S. Army Natick Research, Development & Engineering Center (NRDEC), Natick, Middlesex County, MA

423

Offshore oil and gas development planning model incorporating risk analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research describes the formulation of an Offshore Development Planning Model which can evaluate numerous alternative methods of developing an offshore discovery. A decision tree approach is employed to organize the sequence of interrelated decisions involved in the drilling, production and transport of oil and gas. Each path through the decision tree represents a particular development plan or alternative. A

Faecke

1982-01-01

424

Nutrition and socio-economic development in Southeast Asia.  

PubMed

While most Third World countries, particularly in Africa and Latin America, have experienced a deterioration in child welfare as a result of the severe economic downturn in the 1980s, Southeast Asia in general managed to sustain improvements in the situation of its children because it has maintained satisfactory rates of economic growth. However, there were exceptions within Southeast Asia. The Philippines, Vietnam, Dem. Kampuchea and Laos had unsatisfactory growth rates and, consequently, unsustained nutritional gains from the 1970s through the 1980s. Economic factors exerted a big impact on the Philippine nutrition situation, particularly on the dietary status of the households and the nutritional status of children. As a result of the economic dislocation occurring in the country, the nutritional gains of 1978-82 were not maintained in succeeding years. Unlike the case of Thailand, it has been estimated that the solution to nutritional problems in the Philippines is far from being achieved in the immediate future (Villavieja et al. 1989). On the other hand, the nutrition improvements in Thailand have been as remarkable as the economic growth over the last decade. Long-term investments in health, nutrition and other social services in Thailand (as well as in Indonesia) have paid off according to the assessment by the United Nations (1990). It appears, therefore, that the nutrition situation in developing countries is highly dependent on the economic situation, globally and nationally (Cornia et al. 1987), as well as on investment in social services. Adjustment policies should, therefore, consider their implications on distribution and poverty in order that they could positively contribute to the improvement of the nutrition of the people. PMID:1508934

Florentino, R F; Pedro, R A

1992-05-01

425

Servicers system demonstration plan and capability development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A plan for the demonstration of the exchange of Multi-Mission Modular Spacecraft (MMS) modules using the servicer mechanism Engineering Test Unit (ETU) was prepared and executed. The plan included: establishment of requirements, conceptual design, selection of MMS spacecraft mockup configuration, selection of MMS module mockup configuration, evaluation of adequacy of ETU load capability, and selection of a stowage rack arrangement. The MMS module exchange demonstration mockup equipment was designed, fabricated, checked out, shipped, installed, and demonstrated.

Bulboaca, M. A.; Cuseo, J. A.; Derocher, W. L., Jr.; Maples, R. W.; Reynolds, P. C.; Sterrett, R. A.

1985-01-01

426

Measuring Economic Impact: A Plan for Institutional Self-Defense from Taxation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tax-exempt status of most independent colleges and universities will likely be challenged eventually, and institutions would be wise to take preemptive action by developing arguments, both financial and cultural, to support the claim that they provide substantial benefits to the community. A Rollins College (Florida) economic impact study…

Morrell, Louis R.

1995-01-01

427

Family planning is the first and most important step for rural development.  

PubMed

Mahasarakham province in Thailand has adopted family planning as its primary development policy. Although not a new issue, family planning until now has been largely ignored by most government sectors. Most consider family planning to be the sole responsibility of the Ministry of Public Ealth (MOPH), and this is why family planning has not been as successful as it should be. Discussion covers the general problem (rapid population increase, limited arable land, productivity, social and economic development, and deforestation), problems of family planning in the past (trained personnel and accessibility and government sectors ignoring or hindering family planning programs), integrated rural development (motivation, mobilizing teamwork, the integrated approach, mobile medical team, family planning for both the rich and the poor, and emphasis on vasectomy and IUD), objectives of the family planning program, and implementation. Mahasarakham uses an integrated rural development approach that emphasizes 9 development components: family planning, fisheries development, vegetable growing, water purification, rice banks, soy beans, using anchovies for natural fish sauce, insect extermination by electricity, and fuel from rice banks. All of these components contribute to the development of a better quality of rural life. The major problem is population growth, which at 1.8% remains high. Mahasarakham will promote the family planning program as the top priority, and this service will be brought to the people. The objectives of the family planning program are: to reduce the population growth rate Mahasarakham to zero growth within 2-3 years: to provide access to family planning services to all people in Mahasarakham; to educate people about family planning to increase its acceptance: to initiate a proper rural development program in Mahasarakham; and to promote intergovernmental cooperation by means of the integrated approach, which will have good results in later rural development programs. In fiscal year 1963 family planning in Mahasarakham will place new emphasis on vasectomy and IUD insertion. The program expects to reach a target of not less than 30,000 acceptors. A monthly family planning service in each district must have a minimum of 300 IUD acceptors. All government sectors will be involved in and responsible for this rural development program. PMID:12266147

Mokarapong, T

1983-12-01

428

A Fourth Stage in National Development: An Assessment of Research Issues Relevant to Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report identifies economic development adjustment problems of the nation, its regions and communities, as well as their implications for federal development policies. It inventories research questions that need to be answered and assesses the appropri...

1978-01-01

429

An Economic Evaluation on Replacement Plan for Aged Thermal Power Plants through a Real Option Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a novel method to evaluate replacement plan for aged thermal power plants under uncertain circumstances through a real option approach. The most economical plan is selected among the three options: an option to operate an existing oil-fired thermal plant, an option to mothball it, and an option to abandon it and to construct an advanced gas combined cycle power plant (ACC) at the same time. Basic ideas of our model are: we use quadranomial approach in order to evaluate an option value consisted by two different uncertain assets; we consider cash flow with a dividend in order to reflect conditions of an aged oil-fired thermal plant and use the sequential compound option approach; we evaluate replacement time using quadranomial decision tree taking into account the options. We also analyze value and time of replacement using numerical examples. Our proposed method will be practically used for generation planning. For example it is possible to make priority quantitatively in replacements of aged thermal power plants by real option values. The target year of replacement may be set as a year when cumulative probability of replacement becomes over certain level.

Kato, Moritoshi; Zhou, Yicheng

430

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development was started in 1987 by Professors Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt. The Project's primary goal is "to understand and foster the conditions under which sustained, self-determined social and economic development is achieved among American Indian nations." To accomplish this goal, the Project has sponsored a number of conferences and events, and as also offered advisory services to interested persons and tribal leaders. The "Publications" area is a good way to take a look at the fruits of their labors, as it includes the archives of the Joint Occasional Papers on Native Affairs and a variety of field reports, such as "Renewing Beauty: Options for Navajo Land Management and Decision Making".

431

30 CFR 550.202 - What criteria must the Exploration Plan (EP), Development and Production Plan (DPP), or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...must the Exploration Plan (EP), Development and Production Plan (DPP), or Development...Operations Coordination Document (DOCD) meet? ...BUREAU OF OCEAN ENERGY MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...CONTINENTAL SHELF Plans and Information...

2013-07-01

432

Turnaround operations analysis for OTV. Volume 3: Technology development plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An integrated technology development plan for the technologies required to process both GBOTVs and SBOTVs are described. The plan includes definition of the tests and experiments to be accomplished on the ground, in a Space Shuttle Sortie Mission, on an Expendable Launch Vehicle, or at the Space Station as a Technology Development Mission (TDM). The plan reflects and accommodates current and projected research and technology programs where appropriate.

1988-01-01

433

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, FY 1993 Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) 1993 Site Development Plan (SDP) provides analysis and policy guidance for the effective use and orderly development of land and facilities at the LBL main site. The SDP directly supports LBL`s role as a multiprogram national laboratory operated by the University of California (UC) for the Department of Energy (DOE). It is a concise policy document, prepared in compliance with DOE Order 4320.1 B, and is coupled to the 1993 Laboratory Integrated Facilities Plan (LIFP). It also serves as the current DOE framework for the implementation of the 1987 Long Range Development Plan (LRDP) approved by the Regents of the University of California. The SDP is updated annually, with periodic major revisions consistent with DOE policy and approved plans of the Regents. The plan is reviewed and approved by the DOE San Francisco Field Office. The specific purposes of the SDP are to: Summarize the mission and community setting of the Laboratory; Describe program trends and projections and future resource requirements; Describe site planning goals and future facilities and land uses; and Describe site planning issues and potential infrastructure replacement solutions. The SDP concisely expresses the policies for future development based on planning concepts, the anticipated needs of research programs, and site potential and constraints. The 1993 LIFP and other planning data provide detailed support for the plans identified in this document.

Not Available

1993-04-01

434

Economic Growth, Environmentalism, and Social Conflict. A Case Study on Hydro-Power Planning in Norway.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents and illustrates an approach to the analysis of complex societal decision-making - and the public planning and possible opposition related to such decisions. The case of hydro-power development in Norway is the particular focus of the a...

T. R. Burns A. Midttun

1985-01-01

435

The Fed Today: Lesson Plans and Activities for Economics, Government, and History Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most educators agree that the story of the evolution of money and banking in the United States includes many historical events that have been crucial to the nation's development. This collection of materials consists of a video, a related brochure, and a series of lesson plans about the Federal Reserve. The video provides a 14-minute introduction…

Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.

436

Demographic, Employment and Development Trends: The Need for Integrated Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors contend that problems associated with rapid population growth in developing countries must be tackled through comprehensive planning. They discuss impacts of demography on labor supply and demand and migration. Then they propose a practical framework for population and human resource development planning and policy formation. (SK)

Farooq, Ghazi M.; MacKellar, F. Landis

1990-01-01

437

A systematic process for developing and assessing accident management plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes a four-phase approach for developing criteria recommended for use in assessing the adequacy of nuclear power plant accident management plans. Two phases of the approach have been completed and provide a prototype process that could be used to develop an accident management plan. Based on this process, a preliminary set of assessment criteria are derived. These preliminary

D. J. Hanson; H. S. Blackman; O. R. Meyer; L. W. Ward

1991-01-01

438

Faculty Planning, Development, and Evaluation System: Washtenaw Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1989 and 1991, the Planning, Development and Evaluation (PDE) Committee of Washtenaw Community College (Michigan) designed a faculty assessment process focusing on professional development and academic planning. It is an approach in which all educators (faculty and administrators) work together, using the PDE system to continually define…

Altieri, Guy; And Others

439

Putting Yourself in Action: Individual Professional Development Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An individual professional development plan (IPDP) is a document early childhood educators create, review regularly, and update as needed to guide their future professional development. The plan includes personal and professional goals guided by professional standards and strategies for meeting them. Educators learn and grow continuously by…

Sugarman, Nancy A.

2011-01-01

440

Personal Development Plans: Case Studies of Practice. Report 280.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use and effectiveness of personal development plans (PDPs) in planning career and skill development activities for individuals within employing organizations in the United Kingdom was examined through case studies of seven firms and telephone interviews with representatives of seven other firms. The case studies/interviews focused on the…

Tamkin, P.; And Others

441

[Evaluation of land resources carrying capacity of development zone based on planning environment impact assessment].  

PubMed

Assessment of land resources carrying capacity is the key point of planning environment impact assessment and the main foundation to determine whether the planning could be implemented or not. With the help of the space analysis function of Geographic Information System, and selecting altitude, slope, land use type, distance from resident land, distance from main traffic roads, and distance from environmentally sensitive area as the sensitive factors, a comprehensive assessment on the ecological sensitivity and its spatial distribution in Zhangzhou Merchants Economic and Technological Development Zone, Fujian Province of East China was conducted, and the assessment results were combined with the planning land layout diagram for the ecological suitability analysis. In the Development Zone, 84.0% of resident land, 93.1% of industrial land, 86.0% of traffic land, and 76. 0% of other constructive lands in planning were located in insensitive and gently sensitive areas, and thus, the implement of the land use planning generally had little impact on the ecological environment, and the land resources in the planning area was able to meet the land use demand. The assessment of the population carrying capacity with ecological land as the limiting factor indicated that in considering the highly sensitive area and 60% of the moderately sensitive area as ecological land, the population within the Zone in the planning could reach 240000, and the available land area per capita could be 134.0 m2. Such a planned population scale is appropriate, according to the related standards of constructive land. PMID:22586973

Fu, Shi-Feng; Zhang, Ping; Jiang, Jin-Long

2012-02-01

442

Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on the theme of economics, and presents educational resources for teaching basics to children. Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videos, books, and additional resources, as well as activities which focus on economics are described. Includes short features on related topics, and the subtopics of trade, money and banking, and…

Online-Offline, 1998

1998-01-01

443

Developing Your School Grounds: A Planning Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the planning steps and other practical considerations to establish successful trails, outdoor classrooms, or other environmental education improvements on school grounds. Steps include determining needs and methods for promoting projects, resources, site assessment, property lines, safety, and maintenance. Possible projects described…

Clearing, 1998

1998-01-01

444

Parma: A Sketch Plan for Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report analyzes the various conditions within the city of Parma and presents future plan proposals and capital improvement recommendations covering a 3- to 5-year period. The report contains a section, solely devoted to housing, which is designed to m...

1970-01-01

445

Sociocultural perspectives on tourism planning and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews articles published in the Annals of Tourism Research over a six-year period, from 1989-1994. Identifies four main themes – hosts? perceptions; travel and destinations; arts, souvenirs and artefacts; and tourism planning – and seeks to establish emerging patterns for further research.

Jorge Costa; Livio Ferrone

1995-01-01

446

The Economics of Nonformal Education: Resources, Costs and Benefits. Praeger Special Studies in International Economics and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is part of a series of studies dealing with educational economics and the efficiency of various forms of education. This volume is concerned with the topic of nonformal education, particularly as it might be applied in developing nations that are still largely rural. The author does not attempt to develop a definitive economic analysis…

Ahmed, Manzoor

447

The economic determinants of land degradation in developing countries  

PubMed Central

The following paper investigates the economic determinants of land degradation in developing countries. The main trends examined are rural households' decisions to degrade as opposed to conserve land resources, and the expansion of frontier agricultural activity that contributes to forest and marginal land conversion. These two phenomena appear often to be linked. In many developing areas, a poor rural household's decision whether to undertake long-term investment in improving existing agricultural land must be weighed against the decision to abandon this land and migrate to environmentally fragile areas. Economic factors play a critical role in determining these relationships. Poverty, imperfect capital markets and insecure land tenure may reinforce the tendency towards short-term time horizons in production decisions, and may bias land use decisions against long-term land management strategies. In periods of commodity booms and land speculation, wealthier households generally take advantage of their superior political and market power to ensure initial access to better quality resources, in order to capture a larger share of the resource rents. Poorer households are confined either to marginal environmental areas where resource rents are limited, or only have access to resources once they are degraded and rents dissipated.
Overall trends in land degradation and deforestation are examined, followed by an overview of rural households' resource management decisions with respect to land management, frontier agricultural expansion, and migration from existing agricultural land to frontiers. Finally, the discussion focuses on the scope for policy improvements to reduce economic constraints to effective land management.

Barbier, E. B.

1997-01-01

448

Fundamental economic issues in the development of small scale hydro  

SciTech Connect

Some basic economic issues involved in the development of small-scale hydroelectric power are addressed. The discussion represents an economist's view of the investment process in this resource. Very little investment has been made in small-scale hydro development and an attempt is made to show that the reason for this may not be that the expected present worth of the returns of the project do not exceed the construction cost by a sufficient amount. Rather, a set of factors in combination impose costs on the project not normally incurred in small businesses. The discussion covers costs, supply, demand, and profitability.

Not Available

1980-05-01

449

Population change and some aspects of socio-economic development.  

PubMed

Some of the major dimensions of the interrelationship of population dynamics and socioeconomic development are examined in the context of Asia and the Pacific. Most of the countries in the region are developing, and population growth is viewed more as an obstacle to development rather than as a stimulant to economic progress. There are at least 10 countries in the region whose per capita income is less than US$300, namely: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. In 1979 these countries had an estimated combined population of 1,867,103,000 or about 77% of the population of the region. Per capita gross national product (GNP) masks the real economic condition of the people as it fails to show the actual distribution of income and wealth. In most nonsocialist countries there is maldistribution of income and wealth. The International Labor Organization (ILO) report points out that during 1963-73 in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, the richest 20% of households receive about half the income. In contrast, the poorest 40% receive between 12-18% of total income. In short, there could be economic development but not social development, such as equitable distribution of wealth and income. Studies have shown that equitable income distribution exerts a far greater influence on fertility than the GNP. In many countries of the region poverty is reality. The World Bank estimates that half of the people in absolute poverty live in South Asia, mainly India and Bangladesh. It is most unfortunate that among the very poor, poverty is frequently regarded as the cause rather than the effect of high fertility. Among the very poor, mortality, particularly infant mortality, tends to be high. China is among the countries which have recognized that rapid population growth is not beneficial to the accelerated speed of capital accumulation. It has been observed that in most countries as the GNP per capita increases the birthrate decreases. This is the case in the developed countries of the region, i.e., Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and Singapore. It appears to be that wealth begets wealth, and that development is one of the better contraceptives. The processes and conditions which lead to and result from an increase in per capita income usually cause a number of social and attitudinal changes which in turn bring about an eventual decrease in the birthrate. In sum, population growth and economic development are complementary, interdependent, and act as constraints on each other. PMID:12265663

1982-06-01

450

A new market instrument for sustainable economic and environmental development.  

PubMed

The regenerative capacity of ecosystems provides a regulatory basis for sustainable economic growth and development. A natural valuation of an ecosystem's services will arise in a market for developmental rights in the ecosystem using a unit of tradable 'right': E-Scrip. The amount of e-scrip needed for a development may be set by Environmental Assessment. The capacity of the ecosystem to regenerate with developmental pressure may be represented by an independent trader or Factor Proxy for the Environment who provides e-scrip to the market. PMID:12859007

Hansell, Roger I C; Hansell, Timothy M; Fenech, Adam

2003-01-01

451

Planning for Integrated Rural and Community Development: Concept Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To counter the failure of many past development efforts, this report presents a rationale for planning integrated rural development (IRD) projects which recognize the complex relationships which obtain among the many domains of daily life. The report is o...

P. S. Yoder

1979-01-01

452

Strategic Development Plan for the Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication describes the strategic development plan for the Croatian hydrometeorological services (DHMZ). The development strategy contains the following elements: (i) vision for 2020, (ii) strategies until 2010 supporting the vision, and (iii) acti...

M. Maekelae P. Leviaekangas R. Hautala

2007-01-01

453

Economic Development Impacts in Colorado from Four Vestas Manufacturing Facilities, Wind Powering America Fact Sheet Series  

SciTech Connect

This case study summarizes the economic development benefits to Colorado from four Vestas manufacturing facilities: one in Windsor, two in Brighton, and one in Pueblo (which is planned to be the world's largest tower-manufacturing facility). In the midst of an economic slowdown during which numerous U.S. manufacturers have closed their doors, wind energy component manufacturing is one U.S. industry that has experienced unprecedented growth during the past few years. As demand for wind power in the United States has increased and transportation costs have increased around the world, states have seen a significant increase in the number of manufacturers that produce wind turbine components in the United States. Vestas' Colorado operations will bring approximately $700 million in capital investment and nearly 2,500 jobs to the state.

Not Available

2009-04-01

454

Space power system design and development from an economic point of view  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concept of a satellite solar power system offers a feasible, but unproven, long-range energy alternative. While the basic physics of these systems is understood, many developments are necessary in order to reduce the system cost to the point of being cost-competitive with alternative energy sources. Thus, a substantial technology advancement and verification program, plus test and demonstration satellite programs are necessary before a full-scale satellite can be designed and built. It is important to properly identify those elements of the technology that should be subject to development efforts, the goals of the corresponding development programs and the appropriate funding levels and schedules. Systems studies and designs play a major role in rationally formulating a development program. This paper uses an economic approach to place these studies into a framework for formulating a viable satellite solar power system development plan.

Hazelrigg, G. A., Jr.

1977-01-01

455

Montana geothermal commercialization planning. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Seven major site specific development plans are listed including a brief synopsis of each. Work on area development plans, institutional and economic assessments, an outreach program, and the preparation of a state geothermal plan is described briefly. (MHR)

Birkby, J.

1982-01-01

456

Integrated planning: A baseline development perspective  

SciTech Connect

The FEMP Baseline establishes the basis for integrating environmental activity technical requirements with their cost and schedule elements. The result is a path forward to successfully achieving the FERMCO mission. Specific to cost management, the FEMP Baseline has been incorporate into the FERMCO Project Control System (PCS) to provide a time-phased budget plan against which contractor performance is measured with an earned value management system. The result is the Performance Measurement Baseline (PMB), an important tool for keeping cost under control.

Clauss, L.; Chang, D.

1994-12-09

457

Wealth and well-being, economic growth, and integral development.  

PubMed

This essay tackles a bimillenary problem in psychology, ethics, economics, and political philosophy: that of the relations between wealth and well-being. What are they, and should we live for pleasure, or rather seek to live a full and useful life? This is the ancient dilemma between hedonism, the cult of pleasure, and eudemonism, the search for a good life. Economists, almost without exception, have opted for hedonism, but they have not found out what percentage of the goods that ordinary people want are not merchandises. This gap is currently being filled by psychologists, sociologists, socioeconomists, and other workers in the new "science of happiness". Their main finding, that happiness is not for sale, might surprise the orthodox economists. On the social level, the former problem, concerning individuals, gets translated into the question of national development: what kind of development should we seek, and for whom? In particular, should economic growth be prioritized, or should we promote the simultaneous development of all sectors of society, including the political and cultural? In either case, should development benefit the chosen few or everybody? And should it enhance the well-being of the individual and make that of her offspring possible? This problem, of course, lies at the intersection of three sciences--psychology, economics, and political science--and two chapters of philosophy--ethics and political philosophy. Consequently, anyone daring to propose original solutions to the problem in question will risk being criticized by experts distributed among these five fields, who are not used to talking to one another. PMID:22403910

Bunge, Mario

2012-01-01

458

Developing a Fleet Standardization Index for Airline Planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quantifying subjective aspects is a difficult task that requires a great dedication of time from researchers and analysts. Nevertheless, one of the main objectives of it is to pave the way for a better understanding of the focused aspects. Fleet standardization is one of these subjective aspects that is extremely difficult to mm into numbers. Although, it is of great importance to know the benefits that may come with a higher level of standardization for airlines, which may be economical advantages, maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance facilitation and others. A more standardized fleet may represent lower costs of operations and maintenance plus a much better planning of routes and flights. This study presents the first step on developing an index, hereto called "Fleet Standardization Index" or FSI (or IPF in Portuguese, for "Indice de Padronizacao de Frotas"), that will allow senior airline planners to compare different fleets and also simulate some results from maintaining or renewing their fleets. Although being a preliminary study, the results obtained may already be tested to compare different fleets (different airlines) and also analyze some possible impacts of a fleet renewal before it takes place. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to introduce the proposed IPF index and to demonstrate that it is inversely proportional to the number of different airplane models, engines and other equipment, such as avionics.

deBorgesPan, Alexis George; EspiritoSanto, Respicio A., Jr.

2003-01-01

459

Study of domestic social and economic impacts of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) commercial development. Volume I. Economic impacts  

SciTech Connect

This analysis identifies the economic impacts associated with OTEC development and quantifies them at the national, regional, and industry levels. It focuses on the effects on the United States' economy of the domestic development and utilization of twenty-five and fifty 400 MWe OTEC power plants by the year 2000. The methodology employed was characteristic of economic impact analysis. After conducting a literature review, a likely future OTEC scenario was developed on the basis of technological, siting, and materials requirements parameters. These parameters were used to identify the industries affected by OTEC development; an economic profile was constructed for each of these industries. These profiles established an industrial baseline from which the direct, indirect, and induced economic impacts of OTEC implementation could be estimated. Each stage of this analysis is summarized; and the economic impacts are addressed. The methodology employed in estimating the impacts is described.

None

1981-12-22

460

The economics of petroleum exploration and development west of Scotland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the economics of oil and gas exploration and development in the West of Scotland region. A considerable exploration effort has resulted in some discoveries but the overall success rate has been quite low. The region is comprised of several distinct geological basins. To date the Judd Basin has experienced the best discovery rate. Expected returns as measured by expected monetary values are generally low, confirming the high-risk nature of the region. The most economical field development concept depends to a large extent on a combination of field size and water depth which vary markedly from basin to basin. In typical cost conditions at an 18 price returns to investors in medium and large-sized fields at the development phase are positive, but at 14 only when costs are relatively low are positive returns in prospect. Stand-alone gas developments are very unlikely to be viable in current market conditions. The fuller exploitation of the whole region requires higher oil and gas prices and /or significant innovation and technological progress.

Kemp, Alexander G.; Stephen, Linda

2001-05-01

461

Learning to Plan, Planning to Learn: The Developing Expertise of Beginning Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning how to plan is recognised as a key skill that beginning teachers have to develop but there has been little research examining "how" they may actually learn to plan. This paper, based on the analysis of 10 post-lesson interviews with 17 secondary school teachers across three years (the PGCE year and the first two years in teaching) focuses…

Mutton, Trevor; Hagger, Hazel; Burn, Katharine

2011-01-01

462

Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of the economic aspects of water pollution control covering publications of 1976-77. This review also includes the policy issues of water management. A list of 77 references is presented. (HM)

James, L. D.

1978-01-01

463

Incorporating Understanding of Informal Economic Activity in Natural Resource and Economic Development Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report synthesizes the literature on the role of informal economic activity in the United States postindustrial economy. Informal economic activity is expanding in the United States and is likely to continue in the foreseeable future. The formal and ...

E. T. Jones R. J. McLain S. J. Alexander

2008-01-01

464

TRAC code development status and plans  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the characteristics and current status of the TRAC-PF1/MOD1 computer code. Recent error corrections and user-convenience features are described, and several user enhancements are identified. Current plans for the release of the TRAC-PF1/MOD2 computer code and some preliminary MOD2 results are presented. This new version of the TRAC code implements stability-enhancing two-step numerics into the 3-D vessel, using partial vectorization to obtain a code that has run 400% faster than the MOD1 code.

Spore, J.W.; Liles, D.R.; Nelson, R.A.; Dotson, P.J.; Steinke, R.G.; Knight, T.D.; Henninger, R.J.; Martinez, V.; Jenks, R.P.; Cappiello, M.W.

1986-01-01

465

Analysing the lacunae in planning and implementation: spatial development of Dhaka city and its impacts upon the built environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the causes of rapid increase in land and housing development projects and their effects on the restricted areas of Greater Dhaka, Bangladesh, using a global positioning system (GPS) survey and socio-economic data. Rapidly increasing housing projects are contravening the urban containment policy stipulated in the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan (DMDP). These findings show that most of the

Mokbul Morshed Ahmad

2010-01-01

466

Mitigation Action Plan: Lease of Parcel ED-1 of the Oak Ridge Reservation by the East Tennessee Economic Council  

SciTech Connect

In April 1996, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) completed an environmental assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1113) for the proposed lease of 957-16 acres (Parcel ED-1) of the Oak Ridge (Tennessee) Reservation (ORR) by the East Tennessee Economic Council (ETEC) for industrial development. DOE plans to issue a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the proposed action, conditional upon the implementation of mitigation and monitoring to protect environmental resources. According to DOE`s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) regulations (10 CFR 1021.322), a FONSI shall include {open_quotes}any commitments to mitigations that are essential to render the impacts of the proposed action not significant, beyond those mitigations that are integral elements of the proposed action, and a reference to the Mitigation Action Plan prepared under 10 CTR 1021.331{close_quotes}. Terms of the lease offer DOE the option of terminating the lease with ETEC should the lessee and/or sublessees fail to implement the mitigation defined in the FONSI.

NONE

1996-04-01

467

Development of a Calculating Model (COMPUTER PROGRAM) For Comparing the Economics of Various Waste Treatment Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The above-mentioned computer program analyses and compares the economics of alternative plannings in terms of investment and operation costs. Including possible profits (e.g. from reselling separated materials) an aid for the investor's decision is. Furth...

J. Stritzke

1982-01-01

468

The Development of Educational Planning in the Congo (K).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of the Congo's present formal education system began shortly after Protestant missionaries first entered the region in 1878. A distinct imprint had not been made on educational planning by the colonial government until problems compounded by the First World War demanded attention. A 20-year plan, which rested firmly and comfortably…

Rideout, William M., Jr.

469

Develop a Business Plan. Phase 1. Information Accumulation and Integration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall objective of this project was to develop a business plan for the perpetuation of the F.I.T./AAMTD Center after DLA funding ceases. The process of constructing the business plan was divided into three phases: Information accumulation and integr...

E. Stone

1992-01-01

470

Human Resource Development Planning Based on Accreditation Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a preliminary human resource development plan for the radiography program sponsored by Lincoln Land Community College (Illinois). The plan is based on the "Essentials and Guidelines of an Accredited Program for the Radiographer," initially adopted in 1944, and most recently revised in 1990, it involves the integration of…

Dowd, Steven B.

471

Invitational Conference on Health Manpower Planning and Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Proceedings of a conference on health manpower planning and development held in Oklahoma City between June 20-25, 1971 are presented. The objective was to work toward improvements in health services in DHEW regions by fostering better planning for the dev...

1971-01-01

472

Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Comprehensive Plan Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A framework for comprehensive health plan development in a four-county region of central Oklahoma is presented by an ad hoc committee whose functions include the review and approval of overall design of the plan, assignment of responsibilities to division...

R. G. Hirschi

1974-01-01

473

School Development Planning in Jersey Primary Schools: A Contingency Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines management of planned change. Considers how a continually shifting balance between environmental turbulence and stability affects implementation of annual school-development plans. Tests Wallace and McMahon's contingency hypothesis: turbulent environments demand a continual process of creation, monitoring, and adjustment. Stable…

Jones, Gary Richard

1996-01-01

474

LONG RANGE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR HONOLULU COMMUNITY COLLEGE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE LONG RANGE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR HONOLULU COMMUNITY COLLEGE DESCRIBES VERY BRIEFLY A WIDE RANGE OF TOPICS AS FOLLOWS--(1) SITE CONDITIONS--VICINITY MAP, PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS, ZONING AND LAND USE, ASSESSED VALUATIONS, TRAFFIC ANALYSIS, (2) EXISTING CAMPUS--TYPE, AGE AND CONDITION OF NEIGHBORHOOD AND CAMPUS STRUCTURES, CAMPUS PLAN, CAMPUS…

KILIAN, OTTO H.

475

Space Station thermal management system development status and plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The manned Space Station, as currently designed, contains a baseline thermal management system (TMS) which uses components and subsystems never before employed in manned spacecraft. The basis for the technology used in the TMS design is the result of a long-term TMS Technology Development Plan which was initiated in 1979. Rankin and Marshall (1983) have discussed the history and progress of that plan from its beginnings to early 1983. The present paper is concerned with the status of activities conducted at the NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) under this plan since 1983, taking into account also a summary of activities planned for the next several years.

Rankin, J. G.

1985-01-01

476

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory FY 1992 Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory 1992 Site Development Plan (SDP) provides analysis and policy guidance for the effective use and orderly development of land and facilities at the LBL main site. The SDP directly supports LBL`s role as a multiprogram national laboratory operated by the University of California for the DOE. It is a concise policy document, prepared in compliance with DOE Order 4320.1B and based on revisions to the 1991 Technical Site Information (TSI). It also serves as the current DOE framework for the implementation of the 1987 Long Range Development Plan (LRDP) approved by the Regents of the University of California. The SDP is updated annually, with periodic major revisions consistent with DOE policy and approved plans of the Regents. The specific purposed of the SDP are to: Summarize the mission and community setting of the Laboratory; describe program trends and projections and future resource requirements; describe site planning goals and future facilities and land uses; and describe site planning issues and potential solutions. The SDP concisely expresses the policies for future development based on planning concepts, the anticipated needs of research programs, and site potential and constraints. The 1992 TSI document and other planning data provide detailed support for the plans identified in this document. Preparation of the SDP was coordinated by the Office for Planning and Development with technical support and data preparation by the Plant Engineering Department. Programmatic data and information are from program divisions and technical resource divisions, including the Environment, Health & Safety Division. The 1992 SDP is consistent with approved university guidelines and future building area, land use, and population projections identified in the 1987 LRDP and the 1987 Site Development Plan Environmental Impact Report prepared under the California Environment Quality Act.

Not Available

1992-03-01

477

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory FY 1992 Site Development Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory 1992 Site Development Plan (SDP) provides analysis and policy guidance for the effective use and orderly development of land and facilities at the LBL main site. The SDP directly supports LBL's role as a multiprogram national laboratory operated by the University of California for the DOE. It is a concise policy document, prepared in compliance with DOE Order 4320.1B and based on revisions to the 1991 Technical Site Information (TSI). It also serves as the current DOE framework for the implementation of the 1987 Long Range Development Plan (LRDP) approved by the Regents of the University of California. The SDP is updated annually, with periodic major revisions consistent with DOE policy and approved plans of the Regents. The specific purposed of the SDP are to: Summarize the mission and community setting of the Laboratory; describe program trends and projections and future resource requirements; describe site planning goals and future facilities and land uses; and describe site planning issues and potential solutions. The SDP concisely expresses the policies for future development based on planning concepts, the anticipated needs of research programs, and site potential and constraints. The 1992 TSI document and other planning data provide detailed support for the plans identified in this document. Preparation of the SDP was coordinated by the Office for Planning and Development with technical support and data preparation by the Plant Engineering Department. Programmatic data and information are from program divisions and technical resource divisions, including the Environment, Health Safety Division. The 1992 SDP is consistent with approved university guidelines and future building area, land use, and population projections identified in the 1987 LRDP and the 1987 Site Development Plan Environmental Impact Report prepared under the California Environment Quality Act.

Not Available

1992-03-01

478

Planning for sustainability in China's urban development: status and challenges for Dongtan eco-city project.  

PubMed

With the rapid urbanization in China, the country faces significant challenges in sustainable urban development and actively explores novel ways to expand urban areas while conserving natural resources. Radical changes in city planning are being made to switch to sustainable development, with new cities being designed to be ecologically friendly guided by principles like carbon neutrality and self-sufficiency. This paper introduces the development of the Dongtan eco-city project on Chongming Island, Shanghai and describes how it addresses issues including energy, water, waste, transportation, ecosystem, and social and economic development in its design. The lessons and challenges of eco-city development based on the Dongtan experience are also discussed. If the vision of a zero-carbon emissions sustainable city is successfully realized, Dongtan will serve as a model for developing similar cities across China and the rest of the developing world. Currently, the development of this project is behind schedule and whether the eco-city plan will materialize or not is in question. Even though the project remains mostly on the drawing boards, the planning and preliminary development of Dongtan eco-city have generated significant enthusiasm for green buildings and influenced plans for other sustainable urban development projects in China. PMID:20082005

Cheng, Hefa; Hu, Yuanan

2010-01-01

479

DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF A SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR A RAPIDLY URBANIZING GHANAIAN VILLAGE  

EPA Science Inventory

Technical Challenge: Columbia University Engineers Without Borders (CU-EWB) is developing a sustainable water management plan for Sakyikrom, Ghana. The community currently has limited access to potable water and will be growing at an astounding r...

480

Child Development Is Economic Development. A Conversation with Economist Art Rolnick. Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public dollars spent to stimulate economic development would be more wisely invested in child development programs, according to two different streams of research. Brain research shows the impact of experiences and environments on the developing brain architecture, with weaker architecture leading to increased vulnerability to later problems…

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2006

2006-01-01

481

Development impact fees: Modeling future growth and economic development in a south Carolina community  

Microsoft Academic Search

User fees are an attractive alternative to general taxes, especially property taxes, insofar as they are stable and appropriate. The development impact fee is sometimes used in growing communities, and can relieve the service cost burden of new development to existing residents in the short term. Their proper use demands forecasting development trends, population growth and economic conditions. The city

Janet M. Kelly

1997-01-01

482

National Use of Asbestos in Relation to Economic Development  

PubMed Central

Background National disparities in asbestos use will likely lead to an unequal burden of asbestos diseases. Objectives As economic status may be linked to asbestos use, we assessed, globally, the relationship between indicators of national economic development and asbestos use. Methods For the 135 countries that have ever used asbestos, per capita asbestos use (kilograms per capita per year) was compared with per capita gross domestic product (GDP) in 1990 Geary–Khamis dollars (GKD) for the period 1920–2003. Countries were grouped into three income levels (high, middle, and low) that were adapted from the 2003 World Bank categories. Results The historical pattern of asbestos use followed the environmental Kuznets curve in which use by high-income countries peaked when incomes attained 10,000–15,000 GKD and essentially ceased at income levels over 20,000 GKD. Currently, middle- and low-income countries are increasing their use of asbestos, closely following the paths once traced by higher income countries. Conclusions Developing countries have the opportunity to eliminate asbestos use sooner than high-income countries and thus reduce the future burden of asbestos diseases.

Le, Giang Vinh; Takahashi, Ken; Karjalainen, Antti; Delgermaa, Vanya; Hoshuyama, Tsutomu; Miyamura, Yoshitaka; Furuya, Sugio; Higashi, Toshiaki; Pan, Guowei; Wagner, Gregory

2010-01-01

483

Development of an interactive computer program for advance care planning  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe the development of an innovative, multimedia decision aid for advance care planning. Background Advance care planning is an important way for people to articulate their wishes for medical care when they are not able to speak for themselves. Living wills and other types of advance directives are the most commonly used tools for advance care planning, but have been criticized for being vague, difficult to interpret, and inconsistent with individuals’ core beliefs and values. Results We developed a multimedia, computer-based decision aid for advance care planning (‘Making Your Wishes Known: Planning Your Medical Future’) to overcome many of the limitations of standard advance directive forms. This computer program guides individuals through the process of advance care planning, and unlike standard advance directives, provides tailored education, values clarification exercises, and a decision-making tool that translates an individual’s values and preferences into a specific medical plan that can be implemented by a health-care team. Pilot testing with 50 adult volunteers recruited from an outpatient primary care clinic showed high levels of satisfaction with the program. Further pilot testing with 34 cancer patients indicated that the program was perceived to be highly accurate at representing patients’ wishes. Conclusions This paper describes the development of an innovative decision aid for advance care planning that was designed to overcome common problems with standard advance directives. Preliminary testing suggests that it is acceptable to users and is accurate.

Green, Michael J.; Levi, Benjamin H.

2013-01-01

484

GIS-based Land Evaluation for Combining Economic Crops as a Model for Agricultural Land Use Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The land suitability map in general is established based on individual crop which provides inadequate information for land use planning. This evaluation is then formulated with objective of delineating units of land as to their suitability for combining economic crops with regarding the legal conservation areas. The study area, Chi watershed, covers extensively in Northeast Thailand with an area of

C. Mongkolsawat; S. Paiboonsak

485

Recreation Therapy: Developing a Treatment Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Part one of this document defines what recreation is and then develops a model of the therapeutic process. The model shows three basic components of the process: client development, client's role, therapist's role. It also shows how these three components...

1985-01-01

486

Planning School Improvement for Student Career Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents recommendations for developing the content of career development activities in secondary schools, including basic academic skills, occupational skills, job-seeking skills, world of work knowledge, and work values. Also presents recommendations to improve the delivery of career development activities in secondary schools and discusses the…

Lotto, Linda S.

1986-01-01

487

Methodology for Rapid Development of C2 Planning Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a methodology for rapid development of computer systems that offers benefits for the rapid and accurate elicitation and definition of user and system requirements. It also aids user acceptance and can reduce procurement time scales. The development of a successful planning system depends on a user-developer link where final user requirements can be developed through an adaptive

Sheena Kelsey; Simon Snell

488

The Biofuels Revolution: Understanding the Social, Cultural and Economic Impacts of Biofuels Development on Rural Communities  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this research was an in-depth analysis of the impacts of biofuels industry and ethanol plants on six rural communities in the Midwestern states of Kansas and Iowa. The goal was to provide a better understanding of the social, cultural, and economic implications of biofuels development, and to contribute to more informed policy development regarding bioenergy.Specific project objectives were: 1. To understand how the growth of biofuel production has affected and will affect Midwestern farmers and rural communities in terms of economic, demographic, and socio-cultural impacts; 2. To determine how state agencies, groundwater management districts, local governments and policy makers evaluate or manage bioenergy development in relation to competing demands for economic growth, diminishing water resources, and social considerations; 3. To determine the factors that influence the water management practices of agricultural producers in Kansas and Iowa (e.g. geographic setting, water management institutions, competing water-use demands as well as producersâ?? attitudes, beliefs, and values) and how these influences relate to bioenergy feedstock production and biofuel processing; 4. To determine the relative importance of social-cultural, environmental and/or economic factors in the promotion of biofuels development and expansion in rural communities; The research objectives were met through the completion of six detailed case studies of rural communities that are current or planned locations for ethanol biorefineries. Of the six case studies, two will be conducted on rural communities in Iowa and four will be conducted on rural communities in Kansas. A â??multi-methodâ?ť or â??mixed methodâ?ť research methodology was employed for each case study.

Dr. Theresa L. Selfa; Dr. Richard Goe; Dr. Laszlo Kulcsar; Dr. Gerad Middendorf; Dr. Carmen Bain

2013-02-11

489

Technology Application: The Role of the Economic Developer in Improving the Competitiveness of Existing Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The AEDC Educational Foundation handbook has presented for the economic developer insights into the decision-making processes of business as a basis for determining appropriate roles for the economic developer to assist business in applying technology. Th...

1987-01-01

490

Local Participation in Development Planning; A Preliminary Study of the Relationship of Community Development to National Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central issue of this document is the question of how the nation's human resources can be helped to play their most effective role in development and of the extent to which this role includes some share in decision making, both in the preparation of plans and in their implementation. Emphasis is placed on the use of national planning

United Nations, New York, NY. Dept. of Economic and Social Affairs.

491

The ?new? economics of education: Towards a ?unified? macro/micro-educational planning policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What has become the "classical" theory of the economics of education, first systematically laid down in the 1960s, is based on analysis of measurable variables. The concept of investment in human capital supposes that higher funding for education will increase productivity and income. Estimates of cost-effectiveness and returns to investment based on notional income foregone, have been features of this approach. Now, with a growing realization of the failure of the classical theory to deal with "realities" in the education market and to offer effective policy recommendations, other ideologies have again become more visible. The lack of attention given to the labor demand side of the education-earnings equation, and the inability of theoretical models to capture all complex variables in all sectors of the labor market, have been criticized. Also, it has again been recognized that education has a socialization role. The phenomena of undereducation and over-education have been investigated, and attention has been given to the implications of social conflicts and structural changes in the labor market. If human competences are to be developed, it is necessary to look beyond the classical model of the economics of education to microeconomic analysis and to economic and social conditions which will act as incentives.

Kraft, Richard H.; Nakib, Yasser

1991-09-01

492

A Comprehensive Development Plan: Orleans County, New York.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides the initial background and analytical studies prerequisite to the formulation of a Comprehensive Development Plan for Orleans County. Specific studies are accomplished in the areas of housing, transportation, soils, agriculture, utilit...

1972-01-01

493

2020 Plan: Utilizing Ocean Space for Port Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will examine the Port of Los Angeles historical utilization of tidelands property, continuing development pressures for more land and deeper channels and the massive dredge and land reclamation project envisioned in the San Pedro Bay 2020 Plan.

S. Robinson

1987-01-01

494

Environmental Development Plans for Energy Technology Programs. Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A review of 30 Environmental Development Plans (EDPs) prepared in 1979 covering the Department of Energy's programs in the solar, geothermal, conservation, fossil, and nuclear energy technology areas is presented. For each area, the key environmental, hea...

1979-01-01

495

Land Information System (LIS) Development Plan: FY13-FY17.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2007, the Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA) approved a plan, collaborative with NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), to partner on development of the Land Information System (LIS), an advanced software framework capable of supporting an operational a...

J. B. Eylander

2013-01-01

496

44 CFR 78.5 - Flood Mitigation Plan development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Flood Mitigation Plan development. 78.5 Section 78...SECURITY INSURANCE AND HAZARD MITIGATION National Flood Insurance Program FLOOD MITIGATION ASSISTANCE § 78.5 Flood...

2013-10-01

497

A Comprehensive Development Plan: Seneca County, New York.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides the initial background and analytical studies prerequisite to the formulation of a Comprehensive Development Plan for Seneca County. Specific studies are accomplished in the areas of housing and land use. A preliminary investigation of...

1972-01-01

498

SELECT TOPICS IN STORMWATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING FOR NEW RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Several aspects of stormwater management planning for new residential developments are investigated. Areas of research include the evaluation of pollutant accumulation and washoff data using exploratory statistical techniques; simulations to compare the relative effectiveness of ...

499

Prototype Lockhopper Valve Testing and Development Project Test Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document has been prepared to summarize the overall plan for testing and evaluating prototype lockhopper valves being developed by Fairchild Industries, Inc., Stratos Division, and Consolidated Controls Corporation under contract to DOE/METC. The tes...

J. F. Gardner T. R. Holtz

1981-01-01

500

System Planning for Agricultural Education in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A manpower projection model, developed by Iran's Plan and Budget Organization, is reviewed and extended. The model projects expected growth in different sectors of Iran's economy made possible by revenues from oil exports. These projections, together with...

D. E. Djawan

1976-01-01