Sample records for economic development process

  1. A Process-Discursive Approach to Community Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walter, G. R.

    2003-01-01

    When market-based growth fails to improve community economic development, an alternative approach to economic analysis is a process-discursive method, which considers the roles of human agents and importance of information about reality as experienced by individuals. The process model of community-sensitive transformation is participatory and can…

  2. Improving Software Development Process through Economic Mechanism Design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yilmaz, Murat; O'Connor, Rory V.; Collins, John

    We introduce the novel concept of applying economic mechanism design to software development process, and aim to find ways to adjust the incentives and disincentives of the software organization to align them with the motivations of the participants in order to maximize the delivered value of a software project. We envision a set of principles to design processes that allow people to be self motivated but constantly working toward project goals. The resulting economic mechanism will rely on game theoretic principles (i.e. Stackelberg games) for leveraging the incentives, goals and motivation of the participants in the service of project and organizational goals.

  3. The Plasma Production of Ferromolybdenum — Process Development and Economics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gauvin, W. H.; Kubanek, G. R.; Irons, G. A.

    1981-01-01

    The production of ferromolybdenum by the plasma decomposition of molybdenite concentrate to molybdenum and sulfur is used to illustrate the industrial application of plasmas to metallurgical processes. This process has stringent requirements for very high sulfur elimination (<0.15% S in the product) and low specific energy consumption in order to be competitive with the conventional process (roasting to the oxide, followed by thermite reduction). Direct-current transferred arcs appear to offer the most promising approach to the design of commercial reactors for this application. Following a brief review of the development work on the thermal decomposition of molybdenite, a process flowsheet and the results of an economic assessment for a commercial plant are presented. The latter show the relative cost breakdown between key process units. The sensitivity of costs to factors such as scale of operation, specific energy consumption and electricity prices, raw materials, gas system (recycle versus once-through), and product recovery is illustrated. It is concluded that, while the plasma generator/reactor may be the technical heart of the overall process, industrial development programs must consider the capital and operating costs of a complete plant, including peripheral equipment and product marketing, as well as the duration, cost, and risk associated with the development project.

  4. Development of computer system of the collecting and processing of the technical and economic information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serge Kuznetsov; Boris Malozyomov

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the development of a computer system for collecting and processing technical and economic information. The components of the system, the functions of its separate parts, its areas of application, and the necessities that led to the creation of the system are considered. The universality of the computer system is shown. Its integrated function chart is given. The question of

  5. Economic development and fertility.

    PubMed

    Heer, D M

    1966-06-01

    Two schools of theorists have been concerned with the effect of economic development on fertility. One school has contended that economic development has an inhibiting effect on fertility. The demographic transition which has occurred among the non-developed countries confirms their viewpoint. Another school of thought, including in its members Thomas Malthus, has believed that economic development promoted fertility. Much empirical evidence may also be brought to bear to support this viewpoint.The present paper attempts to reconcile these viewpoints. It is hypothesized that the direct effect of economic development is to increase fertility. However, various factors which usually accompany the process of economic development serve to reduce fertility. These include an increase in the level of education and a reduction in infant and childhood mortality. Making use of data for 41 nations pertaining to the decade of the 1950's, it is found that fertility is directly associated with per capita net national product when controls for other relevant variables are in8tituted. On the other hand, per capita newspaper circulation is inversely related to fertility, and infant mortality is directly related.If the hypothesis advanced in this paper is correct, relatively large governmental expenditures on health and education will enhance the reduction in fertility obtainable from an increase in national economic level alone. PMID:21318713

  6. An attitudinal evaluation of collaboration in the community economic development process in southwestern Ontario

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa Susanne McCormick

    1994-01-01

    Many small communities in Southwestern Ontario suffer from economic decline. Several areas have faced devastating plant closures and layoffs. In response, communities have been encouraged to adopt a community economic development strategy by senior levels of government. This strategy focuses on community participation, entrepreneurship and the retraining of the workforce. This thesis examines the accomplishments of eight predominantly rural areas

  7. Fabricating Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graham Brownlow

    2010-01-01

    Much of the literature, regardless of academic discipline, presents the publication of Economic Development in 1958 as analogous to a “big bang” event in the creation of modern Ireland. However, such a “big bang” perspective misrepresents the sophistication of economic debates prior to Whitaker’s report as well as distorting the interpretation of subsequent developments. This paper reappraises Irish economic thinking

  8. Skills Needs Assessment Process To Support Economic Development. HRD & ALL Research Series. Paper 90-01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geroy, Gary D.; Kaman, Vickie

    The purpose of skills-training needs-assessment is to identify what type of skills and knowledge are needed to support economic strategies and, as a result, improve organizational decisionmaking related to training investments and general work force development. This paper presents findings of 11 skills-retraining, needs-assessment,…

  9. Economic Growth and Development Economics 777

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

  10. What economics courses are there? Economics and International Development

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Economics Essentials What economics courses are there? BA Economics Economics and International Development Economics and International Relations Economics and Politics Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) (p103) BSc Economics Economics and Management Studies Finance and Business (p46) Mathematics

  11. Partnerships in Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luterbach, Edward J.; Dary, Donald K.

    1988-01-01

    Many colleges in North America are taking a proactive role in community economic development to respond to changing economic conditions. This article explores the myriad of activities engaged in by Red Deer College, Alberta, Canada, by describing the partnerships themselves, their benefits, and the principles under which they operate. (Author)

  12. Essays on development economics

    E-print Network

    Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

  13. International Economic Development Council

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the International Economic Development Council (IEDC), was created through the merger of existing economic development organizations, effectively creating the nation's largest association working in this realm of public policy. The IEDC's mission is "to provide leadership and excellence in economic development for our communities, members and partners to build economically strong, sustainable communities." While some of the online materials are available only to association members, there is a good deal of material that may be accessed by the general public. Through the online resource center, visitors may access such materials as the Economic Developer's Reference Guide (which provides an overview of such key topics as tourism, venture capital, and empowerment zones) and an overview of ongoing legislative matters that may impact the landscape of economic development. Finally, the site is rounded out by an excellent section dedicated to brownfields redevelopment, which includes a general manual of redevelopment techniques and links to external websites, such as those offered by the Environmental Protection Agency.

  14. Kaleidoscope Economies: The Processes of Cooperation, Competition, and Control in Regional Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerry Patchell

    1996-01-01

    Regional economies resemble a kaleidoscope. Just as the color and brilliance of pieces of glass in a kaleidoscope change with the angle of reflection, firms engage in relationships which profoundly influence the development potential of each individual or firm. In order to understand regional development as a self-generating process, this paper examines the evolution of cooperation among firms in regional

  15. MATERIAL AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT LEADING TO ECONOMICAL HIGH-PERFORMANCE THIN-FILM SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS

    SciTech Connect

    Jie Guan; Nguyen Minh

    2003-12-01

    This report summarizes the results of the work conducted under the program: ''Material and Process Development Leading to Economical High-Performance Thin-Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cells'' under contract number DE-AC26-00NT40711. The program goal is to advance materials and processes that can be used to produce economical, high-performance solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) capable of achieving extraordinary high power densities at reduced temperatures. Under this program, anode-supported thin electrolyte based on lanthanum gallate (LSMGF) has been developed using tape-calendering process. The fabrication parameters such as raw materials characteristics, tape formulations and sintering conditions have been evaluated. Dense anode supported LSGMF electrolytes with thickness range of 10-50 micron have been fabricated. High performance cathode based on Sr{sub 0.5}Sm{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} (SSC) has been developed. Polarization of {approx}0.23 ohm-cm{sup 2} has been achieved at 600 C with Sr{sub 0.5}Sm{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3}cathode. The high-performance SSC cathode and thin gallate electrolyte have been integrated into single cells and cell performance has been characterized. Tested cells to date generally showed low performance because of low cell OCVs and material interactions between NiO in the anode and lanthanum gallate electrolyte.

  16. MATERIAL AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT LEADING TO ECONOMICAL HIGH-PERFORMANCE THIN-FILM SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS

    SciTech Connect

    Jie Guan; Atul Verma; Nguyen Minh

    2003-04-01

    This document summarizes the technical progress from September 2002 to March 2003 for the program, Material and Process Development Leading to Economical High-Performance Thin-Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, contract number DE-AC26-00NT40711. The causes have been identified for the unstable open circuit voltage (OCV) and low performance exhibited by the anode-supported lanthanum gallate based cells from the earlier development. Promising results have been obtained in the area of synthesis of electrolyte and cathode powders, which showed excellent sintering and densification at low temperatures. The fabrication of cells using tapecalendering process for anode-supported thin lanthanum gallate electrolyte cells and their performance optimization is in progress.

  17. MATERIAL AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT LEADING TO ECONOMICAL HIGH-PERFORMANCE THIN-FILM SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS

    SciTech Connect

    Jie Guan; Nguyen Minh

    2003-10-01

    This document summarizes the technical progress from April to September 2003 for the program, Material and Process Development Leading to Economical High-Performance Thin-Film Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, contract number DE-AC26-00NT40711. Characteristics of doped lanthanum gallate (LSGMF) powder suitable for thin electrolyte fabrication have been defined. Bilayers with thin LSGMF electrolyte supported on an anode were fabricated and the fabrication process was improved. Preliminary performance was characterized. High performance cathode material Sr{sub 0.5}Sm{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} has been down-selected and is being optimized by modifying materials characteristics and processing parameters. The selected cathode exhibited excellent performance with cathode polarization of {approx}0.23 ohm-cm{sup 2} at 600 C.

  18. Population and economic development.

    PubMed

    1994-07-01

    China has over 1 billion 185 million people, or 1/5 of the world's total. Between 1966 and 1970, 100 million people were added to China's population. The government launched a family planning program in the first half of the 1970s. Since that time, the total fertility rate (TFR) dropped from an average of 5.8 children per woman in 1970 to only 2.1 children since 1989, which is the replacement level. In 1952, the birth rate was 37/1000, the death rate was 17/1000, and the rate of natural increase was 20/1000. By 1993, the birth rate had declined to 18.09/1000, the death rate to 6.64/1000, and the rate of natural increase to 11.45/1000. Still, in 1992 the number of births in China totalled 21.26 million with a net increase of 13.46 million. The rapid decline is attributed to rapid economic development and successful implementation of the national family planning program. China has become a relatively prosperous developing country. Since 1978 China's economic system has been evolving from a highly planned economy controlled by the central government toward a socialist market economy, one in which state-owned enterprises form the mainstay of the economy, while a variety of economic components are encouraged to develop simultaneously. The national family planning program advocates later age at marriage, deferred childbearing, and fewer but healthier births. In implementing the program, emphasis was placed on: 1) information, education, and communication (IEC) rather than economic disincentives to motivate couples 2) promotion of contraception rather than induced abortion, and 3) continuous provision of services. Because of the population momentum, population may very likely reach 1.59 billion before stabilizing in the middle of the 21st century, if the total fertility rate continues to decline from 2.1 in 1994 to the projected TFR of 1.85 in the year 2016. China will have a serious problem with population aging. A second problem is the sex ratio at birth, and a third is the regional imbalance between population growth and economic development. PMID:12288130

  19. Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation

    E-print Network

    Lu, Xiaoming

    2012-01-01

    DOE estimates that if algae fuel replaced all the petroleumalgae feedstock instead of the lipid is converted to fuelsfuels production from microalgae The detail conversion process is the same as green waste-to-liquid process introduced earlier and algae

  20. Rural Tourism and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha Frederick

    1993-01-01

    Tourism is a popular economic development strategy. The author reviews three diverse books that study tourism from various social science perspectives-economic, sociological, psychological, and anthropological. Ryan's book is multidisciplinary, in approach and covers all major topics of tourism study-economic, cultural, and environmental impacts; demand for tourism; tourist experience; and marketing. Michal Smith details the negative effects of tourism development in

  1. Western Economic Developments: May 2000

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    FRB San Francisco's bi-monthly publication Western Economic Developments summarizes economic growth and development in the Twelfth District. The economy remained strong throughout the first quarter of 2000, with an employment growth rate of 2.5 percent annually. California's economic growth rate was especially high, due to "usually rapid growth of income and consumer spending."

  2. INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Evolving Direction of Economic

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Evolving Direction of Economic Development in the New REPORT PUBLISHED NOVEMBER, 1998 INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT II: A SEQUEL TO THE 1992 STATE AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY SUMMIT The Evolving Direction of Economic Development in the New

  3. Separation Process Economics 

    E-print Network

    Barron, T. S.; Wrobel, P. J.

    1985-01-01

    'M Coat Moderate 3. Freeze Crystallization processes Table 4. Curaet.ri.tic. Coat 11...nt H?? a _tal h.at .,,:hanq??urrae. bet....n the proe??a and the r.frig.ra:nt. ? equir?? -.eb.ni.. tor a??pln9 this ."rtae. tr.. he- ice d.po.ita which would...

  4. The Bologna Process and the Economic Impacts of Research and Development within the Context of Europeanization: The Case of Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Habti, Driss

    2010-01-01

    Higher education and public research play an important role in economic development, mainly in industrial research and development (R & D) and innovation through the manufacturing sector. Finland has taken great strides in this regard as it represents a Europeanization of a knowledge system in the European Union, being relevant at the…

  5. DESIGNING ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND ENERGY EFFICIENT CHEMICAL PROCESSES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The design and improvement of chemical processes can be very challenging. The earlier energy conservation, process economics and environmental aspects are incorporated into the process development, the easier and less expensive it is to alter the process design. Process emissio...

  6. EconomicDevelopmentProjects Page1 Vice President for Research & Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Moore, Paul A.

    EconomicDevelopmentProjects Page1 Vice President for Research & Economic Development Interim Dean of the Graduate College Department of Chemistry DivisionofResearchandEconomicDevelopment CALLFORPROPOSALS EconomicDevelopmentProjects EconomicDevelopment

  7. Process development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. B. Bickler

    1985-01-01

    An overview is given of seven process development activities which were presented at this session. Pulsed excimer laser processing of photovoltaic cells was presented. A different pulsed excimer laser annealing was described using a 50 w laser. Diffusion barrier research focused on lowering the chemical reactivity of amorphous thin film on silicon. In another effort adherent and conductive films were

  8. Women Empowerment and Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Duflo, Esther

    Women empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit ...

  9. Leading Issues in Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gearld Meier; James E. Rauch

    1984-01-01

    Since 1964, Leading Issues in Economic Development has been a market leading undergraduate development textbook. Reviewers praise the new edition for its explanation of theories and its wide range of references to authors, international organisations and web sites.

  10. Frontiers and sustainable economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward B. Barbier

    2007-01-01

    Exploiting new resource “frontiers,” such as agricultural land and mineral reserves, is a fundamental feature of economic\\u000a development in poor economies. Yet frontier-based development is symptomatic of a pattern of economy-wide resource exploitation\\u000a in developing economies that: (a) generates little additional economic rents, and (b) what rents are generated are not being\\u000a reinvested in other sectors. Such development is inherently

  11. Population, poverty and economic development

    PubMed Central

    Sinding, Steven W.

    2009-01-01

    Economists, demographers and other social scientists have long debated the relationship between demographic change and economic outcomes. In recent years, general agreement has emerged to the effect that improving economic conditions for individuals generally lead to lower birth rates. But, there is much less agreement about the proposition that lower birth rates contribute to economic development and help individuals and families to escape from poverty. The paper examines recent evidence on this aspect of the debate, concludes that the burden of evidence now increasingly supports a positive conclusion, examines recent trends in demographic change and economic development and argues that the countries representing the last development frontier, those of Sub-Saharan Africa, would be well advised to incorporate policies and programmes to reduce high fertility in their economic development strategies. PMID:19770153

  12. Education, globalization and economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phillip Brown; Hugh Lauder

    1996-01-01

    This paper critically examines two trajectories for economic development under the new global economic competition: the neo?Fordist route of the New Right and the post?Fordist route of centre?left Modernizers. It is argued that both positions are unlikely to achieve economic prosperity and equality of opportunity for all, although there are elements in the Modernizers’ programme that are desirable. The Modernizers

  13. Economical standard quantum process tomography

    E-print Network

    Xiaohua Wu; Ke Xu

    2011-05-12

    Recently, Bendersky \\emph{et al.} developed a method to complete the task of characterizing an arbitrary $\\chi$ matrix element in a scalable way, Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. \\textbf{100}, 190403(2008), where an auxiliary system was needed. In present work, we shall show that the same task can also be completed within the scheme of standard quantum process tomography (SQPT) where there is no requirement for ancilla. Our method depends on two observations: With the elaborately chosen operators basis, the SQPT may have an economical form where a single run of experiment, in which we measure the expectation value of a chosen operator in the outport of the quantum channel with a known input, is sufficient to characterize a selected $\\chi$ matrix element; With the progress recently achieved in quantum entanglement detection, we also find that the number of the experimental settings to realize the experiment for the selected $\\chi$ matrix element does not exceed 2N for the N-qubits system. For practice, our scheme can be applied for the cases where the controlled two-body interaction is neither available nor desirable.

  14. FE: Aspects of Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Simon, Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This book presents national and international perspectives on the role of further education (FE) in economic development in the United Kingdom and elsewhere. Throughout the papers, special attention is paid to the need to reassess FE and its role as service provider, stakeholder, and strategic partner in view of the following social and economic

  15. The Development Triangle: Community College Assistance for Economic Growth. Education-Economic Development Series, 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNett, Ian

    Designed for public policy makers and their counterparts in business and education, this monograph focuses on the role of community colleges in the economic development process. This study shows two-year community, junior, and technical colleges can play a greater active role in this process than ever before. Section 1 argues that economic

  16. Center for Community and Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Center for Community and Economic Development Building Prosperity through Innovative Development environments to support innovative learning in community and economic development; · Provide training of Michigan communities in the future. Mission The Center for Community and Economic Development creates

  17. Contemporary Approaches to Economic Development: The Special Economic Zone Programme

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Gopinath

    2009-01-01

    Of considerable interest within policy and academic circles, is the emergence of India's status as a new economic powerhouse in Asia. This development can be linked to its recent advocacy of 'effective' local economic development policies, particularly in attempting to create 'new economic spaces' as a model for economic development. In this regard, in 2005, the Indian central government passed

  18. Essays in development economics

    E-print Network

    Keniston, Daniel Eben

    2011-01-01

    Chapter 1 looks at the empirical estimation of the welfare impacts of bargaining. Bargaining for retail goods is common in developing countries, but rare in the developed world. The welfare implications of this difference ...

  19. On economic growth and development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Enrico Colombatto

    2006-01-01

    The paper offers a subjectivist approach to economic growth and an institutional view of development. In particular, the term\\u000a development regards the prevailing rules of the game and their effects on the key variables for economic activity to take\\u000a off: property rights and productive entrepreneurship. And growth is deemed to be the result of favourable institutional environments\\u000a where chances are

  20. Essays in development economics

    E-print Network

    Breierova, Lucia, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    This dissertation brings together three essays on the relationship between education, health, and family structure in developing countries. The first essay studies the impact of the AIDS epidemic on children's schooling ...

  1. ECONOMIC and COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

    E-print Network

    Stuart, Steven J.

    , you circulate your food dollars inside the local area. 5. Strengthening producer/consumer relations. When purchasing food locally, consumers can ask how the product was grown and processed, what chemicals. The transporting vehicle burns fossil fuels that pollute the environment. Often, packaging is heavier to protect

  2. ASIAN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Winter 2014

    E-print Network

    Carter, John

    ASIAN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS ECON 375 Winter 2014 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Meenakshi Rishi OFFICE HOURS: 296-2078 EMAIL: rishim@seattleu.edu COURSE DESCRIPTION: The Asian continent is home to more than half of the individual experiences of different Asian countries as they have grown and developed since the 1960s

  3. Economic Development Effectiveness of Multicommunity Development Organizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holtkamp, Jan; Otto, Daniel; Mahmood, Nuzhat

    1997-01-01

    Evaluation of 78 multicommunity development organizations (MDOs) sharing economic development resources found that MDOs with higher levels of job retention were in areas with low per-capita income and more manufacturing. MDOs with larger staffs and budgets were more successful at job creation and retention. Community size and MDO age also…

  4. Economic development trends in India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. R. Hazaray

    1972-01-01

    On August 15, 1972, India celebrated the 25th anniversary of its independence. It is therefor appropriate to give on this\\u000a occasion an account of india’s past achievements and failures in view of its striving still more tenaciously towards a balanced\\u000a economic development in the years to come.

  5. Backpacker tourism and economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark P Hampton

    1998-01-01

    International tourism is often perceived by LDC (Less Developed Country) government tourism planners as an engine of economic growth, but the focus is commonly upon mass tourism while ignoring the subsector of backpacker tourism. The case study of Gili Trawangan island in Lombok, eastern Indonesia, indicates that the encouragement of backpacker tourism may alleviate some of the excesses of international

  6. Economic Development in South Carolina

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    Retirement and Economic Development in South Carolina Supported by: The South Carolina DepartmentCollege of Business AdministrationCollege of Business Administration University of South CarolinaUniversity of South CarolinaUniversity of South CarolinaUniversity of South CarolinaUniversity of South Carolina Columbia

  7. Integrating regional economic development analysis and land use economics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. Partridge; Dan S. Rickman

    2012-01-01

    Two largely separate literatures exist on regional economic development and land use economics. In this chapter, we argue that a full understanding of each of the two areas requires greater knowledge of their interrelationship. We review key studies of the two literatures, particularly those related to the close interconnectedness of regional economic development and land use. We contend that a

  8. Evolutionary Systems Theory, Universities, and Endogenous Regional Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, William M.

    2007-01-01

    Universities today are increasingly being viewed in terms of serving the purpose of economic development. This paper postulates that their chief purpose is to advance knowledge and that in doing so they effectuate regional economic growth and development through processes specified in the endogenous economic growth model. To achieve this purpose…

  9. Entrepreneurship, economic development and institutions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zoltan J. Acs; Sameeksha Desai; Jolanda Hessels

    2008-01-01

    This paper is an introduction to the special issue from the 3rd Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Research Conference held in\\u000a Washington, D.C., in 2008. The paper has three objectives. First, to discuss the importance of the three stages of economic\\u000a development, the factor-driven stage, the efficiency-driven stage and the innovation-driven stage. Second, to examine the empirical evidence on the relationship between

  10. Energy-Based Economic Development: Mapping the Developing Country Context

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanya Carley; Sameeksha Desai; Morgan Bazilian

    2012-01-01

    Energy-based economic development (EBED) can provide economic, social and environmental benefits related to national economic development and sustainable growth activities. As both policy and research interests in responsible mechanisms for economic development grow, EBED benefits are becoming increasingly attractive to planners in both developed and developing countries. The incentives, trade-offs, and payoffs for developing countries, however, are not well documented.

  11. Winter Term 2013/14 Development Economics I: Macro Issues in Development Economics

    E-print Network

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    1 Winter Term 2013/14 Development Economics I: Macro Issues in Development Economics Instructor.104). This course is providing an overview of development economics issues, with particular emphasis on macro issues in economic development. The most important topics to be covered are the measurement and meaning of economic

  12. Conceptual design of metallurgical processes based on thermodynamic and economic insights

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aninda Chakraborty; Karl A Purkarthofer; Andreas A Linninger

    2004-01-01

    This work illuminates a practical design approach for developing economically viable and thermodynamically feasible metallurgical manufacturing processes. Successively refined economic potential estimators serve as the driving force for systematically advancing the design effort. The focus on process economics aims at identifying design inferior options and discarding process configurations with marginal economic performance early in the development cycle. In the proposed

  13. Overview: Economic Crises and Human Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pedro Conceição; Namsuk Kim; Yanchun Zhang

    2010-01-01

    In order to better understand the potential impact of the current global economic crisis on human development, we explore how human development indicators have been affected in past economic shocks. The literature on the human development impacts of short-term economic fluctuations suggest some stylized facts. First, there exists an asymmetry between rich and poor countries in terms of the magnitude

  14. UNL Research & Economic Development Growth Initiative Introduction

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    , metrics, and some mechanisms for reaching them. #12;Office of Research & Economic Development RoleUNL Research & Economic Development Growth Initiative 2012-201 Introduction The University ambitious goals for increasing our growth in research and economic development. The specific challenges

  15. River Hills Economic Development District Jill Saegesser

    E-print Network

    development Historic preservation Tourism, Park and Recreational Facilities Economic Dislocation AdjustmentRiver Hills Economic Development District Jill Saegesser 300 Spring Street, Suite 2A Jeffersonville://www.riverhills.cc/ The River Hills Economic Development District (RHEDD) serves a five-county region in southeast Indiana which

  16. APPALACHIAN COLLEGES COMMUNITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP

    E-print Network

    Engel, Jonathan

    APPALACHIAN COLLEGES COMMUNITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP The UNC-Chapel Hill Office of Economic and Business Development and the Appalachian College Association proudly announce the Appalachian Colleges Community Economic Development Partnership. Generously funded by the Jessie Ball duPont Foundation

  17. Assessing the economic impact of indirect liquefaction process improvements: Volume 1, Development of the integrated indirect liquefaction model and baseline case

    SciTech Connect

    Gray, D.; Tomlinson, G.C. (Mitre Corp., McLean, VA (USA). Civil Systems Div.)

    1990-10-01

    This report documents the development of an integrated indirect liquefaction system model, which processes input coal to refined liquid products, and the model's application in the analysis of a baseline case. The baseline case uses Shell gasification of coal followed by gas cleaning to produce a clean synthesis gas for slurry-phase Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The raw liquid products are refined to produce gasoline and diesel. Costs of liquid products have been estimated for the baseline plant. The model also alloys many sensitivity studies to be performed so that the economic impacts of research and development advances can be quantified. When used in this manner, the model can provide research guidance for future indirect liquefaction studies. 18 refs., 12 figs., 12 tabs.

  18. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE

    E-print Network

    Mateo, Jill M.

    OF LABOR ECONOMICS Editor-in-Chief: Paul Oyer Sponsors: Society of Labor Economists (SOLE) and the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) The first journal devoted specifically to labor economics, the Journal of Labor Economics has since 1983 presented international research on issues affecting the economy as well

  19. Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development

    E-print Network

    Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

  20. THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Douglass C. North,

    E-print Network

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT by Douglass C. North, Washington Univesity, St (as I see it) to problems of development. I The new institutional economics is an attempt processes information, but cognitive science has made impressive strides in recent years. Individuals

  1. Preliminary economic evaluation of the Alkox process

    SciTech Connect

    Silva, L.J.; Lilga, M.A.; Camaioni, D.M.; Snowden, L.J.

    1991-09-01

    A new chemical process has been invented at Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories for converting alkanes to alcohols. This new chemistry has been named the Alkox Process.'' Pacific Northwest Laboratory prepared a preliminary economic analysis for converting cyclohexane to cyclohexanol, which may be one of the most attractive applications of the Alkox process. A process flow scheme and a material balance were prepared to support rough equipment sizing and costing. The results from the economic analysis are presented in the non-proprietary section of this report. The process details, including the flow diagram and material balance, are contained in separate section of this report that is proprietary to Battelle. 7 refs., 4 tabs.

  2. A technology strategy analysis for the deployment of broadband connectivity for economic development in emerging economies : studying the case of Kenya using the CLIOS process

    E-print Network

    Omwenga, Brian Gichana

    2009-01-01

    The role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in economic development is increasingly moving to the core of national competitiveness strategies around the world thanks to its revolutionary power as a critical ...

  3. Understanding the mechanisms of economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angus S. Deaton; Dwight D. Eisenhower

    2010-01-01

    I argue that progress in understanding economic development (as in other branches of economics) must come from the investigation of mechanisms; the associated empirical analysis can usefully employ a wide range of experimental and non-experimental methods. I discuss three different areas of research: the life-cycle saving hypothesis and its implication that economic growth drives higher rates of national saving, the

  4. Institutional Economics and Human Resource Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greg G. Wang; Rita L. Dobbs

    2008-01-01

    The problem and the solution. Institutional economics has long been associated with economic and training behaviors in organizations since the 1950s. Human resource development (HRD) scholars have not been adequately exposed to the relevant theories for its foundational role and direct applicability to HRD research and practice. In an effort to properly understand economics as a foundation of HRD, this

  5. Structural Dynamics and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jose Antonio Ocampo

    reasons for the economic success of East Asia, as well as other successful ‘late industrializes’, provide parallel analytical contributions. This richness and diversity of analytical paradigms contrasts with trends in policy design, where the triumph of a uniform liberal economics paradigm is the rule. After an era of considerable state intervention and protection of domestic markets, less interventionist, open economies

  6. Interaction between economic and financial development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luca G. Deidda

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a model of financial and economic development which assumes the consumption of real resources by the financial sector. Financial development occurs endogenously as the economy reaches a critical threshold of economic development. Compared to financial autarky, financial intermediaries allocate savings, net of their costs of operation, to more productive investments. Whenever the technology financed by intermediaries is

  7. Economic and environmental strategies for process design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adama Ouattara; Luc Pibouleau; Catherine Azzaro-Pantel; Serge Domenech; Philippe Baudet; Benjamin Yao

    This paper first addresses the definition of various objectives involved in eco-efficient processes, taking simultaneously into account ecological and economic considerations. The environmental aspect at the preliminary design phase of chemical processes is quantified by using a set of metrics or indicators following the guidelines of sustainability concepts proposed by IChemE (2001). The resulting multiobjective problem is solved by a

  8. Economics of vegetable oil processing

    SciTech Connect

    Scheithauer, R.; Dripchak, K.

    1988-05-01

    Vegetable oils offer great promise as a diesel fuel substitute, given the similarity in their physical and chemical properties. This report examines the cost of converting oilseeds to oil, as a first step in evaluating the potential competitiveness of vegetable oil fuels. Processing costs for typical existing US facilities - including solvent, prepress-solvent, and mechanical extraction technologies - were reviewed. The capital costs of a dedicated rapeseed oil processing facility in the southeastern US were also estimated. A third objective was to estimate the costs of modifying existing processing facilities to crush multiple oilseeds, since the oilseed industry has considerable excess capacity. Using existing excess capacity to crush oilseeds for 60 days per year resulted in savings for each of the three extraction technologies with prepress-solvent extraction being the minimum cost technology. The 17 southeastern prepress-solvent facilities identified could produce over 34 million gallons of rapeseed oil per year if each are operated for an additional 60 days per year. This would require over 312,000 acres of winter rapeseed production, providing an excellent opportunity for early introduction of this crop for energy purposes. 57 figs.

  9. Economic feasibility study for phosphorus recovery processes.

    PubMed

    Molinos-Senante, María; Hernández-Sancho, Francesc; Sala-Garrido, Ramón; Garrido-Baserba, Manel

    2011-06-01

    Phosphorus recovery from wastewater has become a necessity for sustainable development because phosphorus is a non-renewable essential resource, and its discharge into the environment causes serious negative impacts. There are no economic incentives for the implementation of phosphorus recovery technologies because the selling price of rock phosphate is lower than phosphorus recovered from sewage. The methodologies used to determine the feasibility of such projects are usually focused on internal costs without considering environmental externalities. This article shows a methodology to assess the economic feasibility of wastewater phosphorus recovery projects that takes into account internal and external impacts. The shadow price of phosphorus is estimated using the directional distance function to measure the environmental benefits obtained by preventing the discharge of phosphorus into the environment. The economic feasibility analysis taking into account the environmental benefits shows that the phosphorus recovery is viable not only from sustainable development but also from an economic point of view. PMID:21809783

  10. Environment, human development and economic growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valeria Costantini; Salvatore Monni

    2008-01-01

    Over the last few years, environmental issues have entered into policy design, particularly development and growth policies. Natural resources are considered necessary production inputs and environmental quality is considered a welfare determinant. The integration of environmental issues into economic growth and development theories and empirics is currently widely analyzed in the literature. The effects of natural resources endowment on economic

  11. Environment, human development and economic growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valeria Costantini; Salvatore Monni

    2006-01-01

    Over the last few years, environmental issues have entered into policy design, particularly development and growth policies. Natural resources are considered necessary production inputs and environmental quality is considered a welfare determinant. The integration of environmental issues into economic growth and development theories and empirics is currently widely analyzed in the literature. The effects of natural resources endowment on economic

  12. Environment, Human Development and Economic Growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valeria Costantini; Salvatore Monni

    2006-01-01

    Over the last few years, environmental issues have entered into policy design, particularly development and growth policies. Natural resources are considered necessary production inputs and environmental quality is considered a welfare determinant. The integration of environmental issues into economic growth and development theories and empirics is currently widely analyzed in the literature. The effects of natural resources endowment on economic

  13. Economic Development Grant Report, Fiscal Year 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    A profile is provided of community college business centers and their activities conducted under economic development grants during fiscal year (FY) 1985. Following introductory remarks, section I provides a narrative description of the FY 1985 economic development grant activities, including industrial attraction, retention and expansion,…

  14. A Model for Rural Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rampp, Lary; Johnson, Deke

    This paper offers definitions and descriptions, and explores the dynamics, of "strategic grantseeking" as a means of supporting economic development programs. Strategic grantseeking is a natural and dynamic tool usable with any economic development program. It consists of a set of concepts, procedures, and tools which are integrated into a…

  15. Universities: A Focal Point for Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maidique, Modesto A.

    1988-01-01

    Higher education can act as a focal point of economic development. The most widely recognized type of economic development entails an association between a university, its research facilities, and private industry. An example of this partnership is the one between Stanford University and the industries in the "Silicon Valley." (MLW)

  16. Process Engineering Economics of Bioethanol Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mats Galbe; Per Sassner; Anders Wingren; Guido Zacchi

    This work presents a review of studies on the process economics of ethanol production from lignocellulosic\\u000a materials published since 1996. Our objective was to identify the most costly process steps and the impact\\u000a of various parameters on the final production cost, e.g. plant capacity, raw material cost, and overall\\u000a product yield, as well as process configuration. The variation in estimated ethanol

  17. Institutional economics and economic development : The theory of property rights, economic development, good governance and the environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Biman C. Prasad

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses the institutionalists' economic thought and how they saw the role of property rights in economic development. It points out that the role of various institutions in the economic performance of many developing countries cannot be ignored. One of the important institutional factors in many developing countries and transitional economies is the nature and definition of property rights.

  18. Taxation and economic development: the state of the economic literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J Wasylenko

    1997-01-01

    What conclusions, if any, can be drawn about the impact of state and local tax policy on economic development relative to other factors? What tax characteristics appear to be the most significant determinants? Are certain industries more sensitive to tax policy than others? Are business taxes more important than personal taxes? Paper: Michael Wasylenko

  19. Wind Energy and Economic Development in Nebraska

    SciTech Connect

    Lantz, E.

    2009-06-01

    This fact sheet summarizes a recent report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Economic Development Benefits from Wind Power in Nebraska: A Report for the Nebraska Energy Office, which focuses on the estimated economic development impacts in Nebraska from development and operation of wind power in the state as envisioned in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) report, 20% Wind Energy by 2030.

  20. India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean Dreze; Amartya Sen

    1995-01-01

    This book presents analysis of endemic deprivation in India and the role of public action in addressing the problem. The analysis is based on a broad view of economic development, focusing on human well-being and 'social opportunity' rather than the standard indicators of economic growth. India's success in reducing deprivation since Independence has been limited. Recent diagnoses of this failure

  1. Natural resources, education, and economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thorvaldur Gylfason

    2001-01-01

    Economic growth since 1965 has varied inversely with the share of natural capital in national wealth across countries. Four main channels of transmission from abundant natural resources to stunted economic development are discussed: (a) the Dutch disease, (b) rent seeking, (c) overconfidence, and (d) neglect of education. Public expenditure on education relative to national income, expected years of schooling for

  2. Simplified economic screening models for enhanced oil recovery processes

    SciTech Connect

    Paul, G.W.; Ford, M.

    1982-08-01

    The effective screening of reservoirs for implementation of enhanced oil recovery processes is critical to the financial success of a proposed project. Screening techniques that have been used in the past normally consisted of comparing individual reservoir and fluid properties with tables of the preferred values of these properties. The shortcoming of this procedure is that it does not account for interactions among the technical parameters, nor does it provide a measure of the economic attractiveness of the project. Intercomp has developed, under the sponsorship of the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center of DOE, a set of economic screening models for micellar-polymer, steam drive and CO/sub 2/ miscible EOR processes. These models include accurate oil production predictive algorithms and routines which provide measures of economic attractiveness based on time value of money economics. The formulation of these models is presented with examples of their use.

  3. Is Your Community Ready for Economic Development?

    E-print Network

    Saldana, Luis

    2003-03-30

    community really is by assessing the degree of interest in the project, the level of organization already present, and the community's goals. This publication has guidelines for setting and achieving a community's goals for economic development....

  4. Is Your Community Ready for Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Saldana, Luis

    2003-03-30

    A critical step in initiating or facilitating an effective economic development project is to determine if the community is actually prepared to take on such a difficult task. This publication can help community leaders determine how "prepared a...

  5. Essays in development economics and finance

    E-print Network

    Ramalho, Rita Maria, 1975-

    2003-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of three essays on development economics and finance. The first chapter studies the 1992 presidential impeachment in Brazil to evaluate the impact of an anti-corruption drive on politically ...

  6. Essays on institutions and economic development

    E-print Network

    Do, Quy Toan, 1974-

    2002-01-01

    This thesis is the collection of three independent studies that analyze the interplay between institutions and economic development. In Chapter 1, I examine the relationship between wealth inequality and institutions. I ...

  7. Megacities : sustainability, transport, and economic development

    E-print Network

    Tobias, Justin Charles, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    The connections between sustainability, transport, and economic development are and will remain essential in the governance of cities. Sustainability concepts include valuing and preserving the earth's resources so that ...

  8. Infrastructure development and economic growth in India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pravakar Sahoo; Ranjan Kumar Dash

    2009-01-01

    In this study, we investigate the role of infrastructure in economic growth in India for the period 1970–2006 on the basis of the empirical framework developed by D.A. Aschauer (Is public expenditure productive? Journal of monetary economics, 23 (2), 1989, 177–200). In this context, we develop an index of infrastructure stocks and estimate growth-accounting equations to investigate the impact of

  9. Process development and techno-economic analysis of a novel process for MeOH production from CO2 using solar-thermal energy.

    SciTech Connect

    Henao, Carlos (University of Wisconsin); Kim, Jiyong (University of Wisconsin); Johnson, Terry Alan; Stechel, Ellen Beth; Dedrick, Daniel E.; Maravelias, Christos T. (University of Wisconsin); Miller, James Edward

    2010-11-01

    Mitigating and overcoming environmental problems brought about by the current worldwide fossil fuel-based energy infrastructure requires the creation of innovative alternatives. In particular, such alternatives must actively contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions via carbon recycling and a shift to the use of renewable sources of energy. Carbon neutral transformation of biomass to liquid fuels is one of such alternatives, but it is limited by the inherently low energy efficiency of photosynthesis with regard to the net production of biomass. Researchers have thus been looking for alternative, energy-efficient chemical routes inspired in the biological transformation of solar power, CO2 and H2O into useful chemicals; specifically, liquid fuels. Methanol has been the focus of a fair number of publications for its versatility as a fuel, and its use as an intermediate chemical in the synthesis of many compounds. In some of these studies, (e.g. Joo et al., (2004), Mignard and Pritchard (2006), Galindo and Badr (2007)) CO2 and renewable H2 (e.g. electrolytic H2) are considered as the raw materials for the production of methanol and other liquid fuels. Several basic PFD diagrams have been proposed. One of the most promising is the so called CAMERE process (Joo et al., 1999 ). In this process, carbon dioxide and renewable hydrogen are fed to a first reactor and transformed according to: H2 + CO2 <=> H2O + CO Reverse Water Gas Shift (RWGS) After eliminating the produced water the resulting H2/CO2/CO mixture is then feed to a second reactor where it is converted to methanol according to: CO2 + 3.H2 <=> CH3OH + H2O Methanol Synthesis (MS) CO + H2O <=> CO2 + H2 Water Gas Shift (WGS) The approach here is to produce enough CO to eliminate, via WGS, the water produced by MS. This is beneficial since water has been proven to block active sites in the MS catalyst. In this work a different process alternative is presented: One that combines the CO2 recycling of the CAMERE process and the use of solar energy implicit in some of the biomass-based process, but in this case with the potential high energy efficiency of thermo-chemical transformations.

  10. Learning Processes and Teaching Strategies in Economics Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehead, David J.

    1983-01-01

    Why traditional teaching in economics education persists despite knowledge of learning processes and better approaches is discussed. Other approaches which permit the development of emotional and personal qualities as well as enrich the cognitive dimension are covered. These include brainstorming, role-playing games, and programed and…

  11. Recognizing Constraints to Local Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Joan; Meyer, Peter B.

    1986-01-01

    Drawing on Kaufman's distinction between development in the community and development of the community, this paper discusses the constraints on local economic development associated with increased concentration of capital. The likelihood of successfully employing "import substitution" and other localization strategies without confronting issues of…

  12. Tourism and economic development: A survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Thea Sinclair

    1998-01-01

    This article surveys the literature on tourism and economic development, identifying the contribution that tourism can make to development, including foreign currency, income and employment, and the costs that it entails. Single equation and system of equations models for estimating tourism demand are provided, indicating developing countries’ potential to benefit from increasing expenditure on tourism but their susceptibility to deterioration

  13. The Impact of Japanese Economic Cooperation on Asian Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenichi Kawasaki

    2004-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to overview the developments of Japan's ODA and assess, in a quantitative manner, their economic impacts on Asian countries. The benefits of two alternative measures—one from capital formation by Japan's ODA loans and the other from import liberalization in the Japanese market—are compared. Those economy-wide impacts of aid and trade on six Asian

  14. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name MSc Development Economics

    E-print Network

    Weyde, Tillman

    of economics, with particular reference to economic development. Aims On completion of the programme, you should be able to: 1) Demonstrate that modern economic theory is relevant to development economics. 2) Critically interpret current research in development economics and evaluate its relevance to development

  15. [Nutrition and economic development of poor areas].

    PubMed

    Chen, C; Wang, Y

    2000-09-01

    The relationship between nutrition and economic development is discussed, it illustrates that nutrition is not only the consequence of economic development, but also as one of the motive power, playing important role in economic development. The authors reviewed the scientific insight of the impact of malnutrition on disease prevalence, mental development, adult physical capability and productivity. Data on nutrition status of population in the poor areas and the analysis on the risk of chronic disease poverty population facing to are presented. In order to protect the health of the poor, and to guarantee the physical efficiency and productivity of the current labor force in poor areas, and to provide a mentally and physically well developed manpower for the future economy, the authors appeal to the policy-makers to integrate nutrition component into poverty alleviation program. Several low cost and effective approaches for nutrition improvement are listed. PMID:12520949

  16. Research on the development strategy of economic development zone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guoping Ji

    2011-01-01

    Compared with foreign research history, the theoretical study and practical exploration on economic development zone in China has only been engaged for 20 years, and is still at a preliminary stage. Relative to the important role and the status of economic and technological development zone, the theory research results in this area are relatively lacking, and the research depth, study

  17. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  18. 24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2011-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003...Activities § 1003.203 Special economic development activities. A grantee may use ICDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  19. 24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 2013-04-01 true Special economic development activities. 570.203...Activities § 570.203 Special economic development activities. A recipient may use CDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  20. 24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 2013-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203...Activities § 570.203 Special economic development activities. A recipient may use CDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  1. 24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 2013-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003...Activities § 1003.203 Special economic development activities. A grantee may use ICDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  2. 24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 2012-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003...Activities § 1003.203 Special economic development activities. A grantee may use ICDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  3. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  4. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  5. 24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 2012-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 570.203...Activities § 570.203 Special economic development activities. A recipient may use CDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  6. 24 CFR 1003.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 2014-04-01 false Special economic development activities. 1003...Activities § 1003.203 Special economic development activities. A grantee may use ICDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  7. 24 CFR 570.203 - Special economic development activities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 true Special economic development activities. 570.203...Activities § 570.203 Special economic development activities. A recipient may use CDBG funds for special economic development activities in...

  8. 13 CFR 302.11 - Economic development information clearinghouse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Economic development information clearinghouse...11 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.11 Economic development information...

  9. 24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598...Empowerment Zone Grants § 598.615 Economic development standards. (a) Economic development standards. The project or...

  10. 24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598...Empowerment Zone Grants § 598.615 Economic development standards. (a) Economic development standards. The project or...

  11. Canada Research Chair, Tier II in Economics of Sustainable Development

    E-print Network

    Martin, Jeff

    Canada Research Chair, Tier II in Economics of Sustainable Development The University of Winnipeg has designated a Tier II Canada Research Chair in the Economics of Sustainable Development within, environment or development economics. The appointment will involve reduced teaching responsibilities

  12. 24 CFR 598.615 - Economic development standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Economic development standards. 598.615 Section 598...Empowerment Zone Grants § 598.615 Economic development standards. (a) Economic development standards. The project or...

  13. Two-tiered entrepreneurship and economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter T. Leeson; Peter J. Boettke

    2009-01-01

    This paper argues that there are two tiers of entrepreneurship important for economic development. One is concerned with investments in productive technologies that improve productivity and better service consumer needs. The other is concerned with the creation of protective technologies that secure citizens’ private property rights vis-à-vis one another. In the developing world where governments cannot or do not protect

  14. Economics, ecology, sustainable agricultural systems and development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clem Tisdell

    1985-01-01

    The importance of ecologically sustainable economic systems and sustainable development, including sustainable agricultural development, has been recognised internationally in the last two decades and is reflected in policy initiatives in South Africa and elsewhere. However, complex issues and tradeoffs are involved in choosing between alternative productive systems. Ecologists, economists and other resource scientists need to cooperate to specify the options

  15. Investment efficiency and sustainable economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marinela Geamanu

    2009-01-01

    As a form of manifestation of macroeconomic dynamics, economic development requires a set of quantitative changes, structural and qualitative, both in economy and scientific research and manufacturing technologies in organizational structures and operating mechanisms of the economy, thinking and behavior people. Sustainable development provides a framework through which communities can use resources efficiently, create efficient infrastructures, can protect and improve

  16. Vice President for Research and Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Stanier, Charlie

    Vice President for Research and Economic Development Daniel Reed Deputy General Counsel Grainne report to ITS Research Services Administration Human Subjects Office State Hygienic Laboratory Development Interim Associate VP David Hensley Iowa Space Grant Consortium & Iowa NASA EPSCoR Conflict

  17. Economics and Human Resource Development: A Rejoinder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Greg G.; Swanson, Richard A.

    2008-01-01

    This article focuses on the areas agreement between two recent and seemingly disparate Human Resource Development Review articles by Wang and Swanson (2008) and McLean, Lynham, Azevedo, Lawrence, and Nafukho (2008). The foundational roles of economics in human resource development theory and practice are highlighted as well as the need for…

  18. Economics and Human Resource Development: A Rejoinder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greg G. Wang; Richard A. Swanson

    2008-01-01

    This article focuses on the areas agreement between two recent and seemingly disparate Human Resource Development Review articles by Wang and Swanson (2008) and McLean, Lynham, Azevedo, Lawrence, and Nafukho (2008). The foundational roles of economics in human resource development theory and practice are highlighted as well as the need for comparative studies. A framework for conducting comparative human resource

  19. Community economic development: Some critical issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John W. Handy

    1993-01-01

    Community development is an issue of continuing interest not only because of the need for more successful economic development\\u000a within our cities, but because the survival of a significant portion of African-American poor is at stake. Community development\\u000a planning seeks to improve all aspects of community life, including health, education, crime prevention, employment and training,\\u000a business development, family stability, and

  20. A conference on polymer composites: Infrastructure renewal and economic development

    SciTech Connect

    Creese, R.C.; GangaRao, H. (eds.)

    1999-01-01

    Infrastructure Renewal and Economic Development identifies new applications of composites in areas that include: mining operations; civil infrastructure and its renewal (highways, bridges, sewers and water pipes); offshore exploration and off-shore dwellings; and power transmission. The papers in this new volume assess these areas' critical needs, delineate how composites meet these needs, estimate economic development that could result, explore the technical and regulatory barriers to progress, and identify agencies capable of enabling composite use expansion in infrastructure renewal. They also identify the materials and processes most relevant to infrastructure renewal, and discuss product and process improvements as well as specifications and standardization.

  1. Economics of Concentration Processes in the Food Industry

    E-print Network

    Renshaw, T. A.; Sapakie, S. F.; Hanson, M. C.

    1983-01-01

    ECONOMICS OF CONCENTRATION PROCESSES IN THE FOOD INDUSTRY T. A. Renshaw, S. F. Sapakie, M. C. Hanson General Mills, Minneapolis, Minnesota ABSTRACT The economics of four concentration processes utilized by the food industry were analyzed...

  2. Summary report: Economic feasibility studies of alcohol fuel production processes

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, J.D.; Milne, T.; Karpuk, M.E.; Isaacs, S.; Hoagland, W.

    1986-09-01

    In 1983 SERI awarded six subcontracts to four engineering firms to conduct technical and economic feasibility studies of processes to convert lignocellulosic feedstocks into premium fuels (methanol and ethanol). In this report general conclusions are drawn about the status of alcohol fuels production from cellulosic feedstocks and detailed conclusions about the status, economics, research needs, and process steps. Stone and Webster Engineering Corp. studied the oxygen gasification route to methanol; Stone and Webster and Badger Engineers Inc. evaluated acid hydrolysis processes; Stone and Webster, Arthur D. Little Inc., and Chem Systems Inc. evaluated enzymatic hydrolysis processes. Methanol production is best understood and acid hydrolysis requires engineering development; both show near-term promise. Enzymatic hydrolysis still requires basic and applied research and could lower liquid fuel costs in the long term, potentially being the lowest. 15 refs., 7 figs., 19 tabs.

  3. 32 CFR 174.10 - Consideration for economic development conveyances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Consideration for economic development conveyances. 174.10...Property § 174.10 Consideration for economic development conveyances. ...of property shall be used to support economic redevelopment of, or related to,...

  4. The Politics of Economic Development Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elaine B. Sharp; David R. Elkins

    1991-01-01

    Based on data from a national sample survey of cities, this article shows that there is considerable variation in the extent to which mechanisms for citizen involvement are in place for economic development decision making. More important, the analysis shows that, for cities that are suffering from property tax stress, there are interesting and significant implications of citizen involvement in

  5. Economic Development of British Colonial America

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Serena Zabin

    Through a close study of a rich set of demographic and economic statistics, students will see the development over 150 years of two similar yet divergent colonies (Virginia and Barbados). They will work through population, land use, and trade statistics with closely-guiding questions in order to find links between one set of numbers and another.

  6. Using Personal Computers to Promote Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ECO Northwest, Ltd., Helena, MT.

    A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of increasing economic development within Montana through the use of personal computers in small businesses. A statewide mail survey of 1,650 businesses (employing between 4 and 25 employees) was conducted to determine the current status of computer use and the potential for expanding computer use…

  7. Family Support and Community Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lalley, Jacqueline, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This report of the Family Resource Coalition of America examines the interrelationship of sustainable community economic strategies and sustainable family units. The introductory section of the report consists of one article, "Integrating Community Development and Family Support." The second section, "Community Building: A Movement is Afoot,"…

  8. Engineering Research in Irish Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, John

    2011-01-01

    This article summarizes the main findings and recommendations of a report published in December 2010 by the Irish Academy of Engineering (IAE). The report, representing the views of a committee of distinguished Irish engineers from a wide range of disciplines, addresses the role of engineering research in Ireland's economic development and the…

  9. Facilitating Economic Development through Strategic Alliances.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noftsinger, John B., Jr.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses how colleges and universities are becoming increasingly involved in economic development, with the formation of strategic alliances that have led to programs that benefit business and higher education. Discusses example programs from the Valley of Virginia Partnership for Education, and the outreach program of James Madison University.…

  10. Conceptualizing Local and Regional Economic Development in the USA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dave Valler; Andrew Wood

    2010-01-01

    Valler D. and Wood A. Conceptualizing local and regional economic development in the USA, Regional Studies. Contemporary literature on local and regional economic development (LRED) in the USA is predominantly empirical and pragmatic, focusing on the conduct and efficacy of economic development policy. While this work is valuable in evaluating the detailed operation of local and regional economic development activity,

  11. ABOUT THE JOURNAL A multidisciplinary journal of development economics,

    E-print Network

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL A multidisciplinary journal of development economics, Economic Development determinants and effects of various dimensions of economic development and cultural change. EDCC's empirical related to a broad range of topics within the field of economic development. EDCC publishes both papers

  12. A comprehensive view of regional economic development in Finland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jussi Ahokas

    2011-01-01

    Regional economic development has become a widely popular research subject within economics and economic geography. The rise of the ‘new economic geography’ in economics and the recent development in economic geography with (among others) institutional, evolutionary and relational ‘turns’ have introduced a considerable number of new conceptual and theoretical instruments that can be utilised in the analysis of regional development.

  13. Issues in the Economic Development of Nonmetropolitan United States. Economic Development Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledebur, Larry C.

    Describing issues relative to economic development in nonmetropolitan areas, this document presents narrative and tabular data re: (1) the causal forces behind economic decline in rural America (technology, shifting patterns of demand for goods and services, and changes in life styles and residential preferences); (2) the incidence and indicators…

  14. Global health funding and economic development

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    The impact of increased national wealth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on public health is widely understood, however an equally important but less well-acclaimed relationship exists between improvements in health and the growth of an economy. Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB, Malaria and the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are impacting many of the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations, and depressing economic development. Sickness and disease has decreased the size and capabilities of the workforce through impeding access to education and suppressing foreign direct investment (FDI). There is clear evidence that by investing in health improvements a significant increase in GDP per capita can be attained in four ways: Firstly, healthier populations are more economically productive; secondly, proactive healthcare leads to decrease in many of the additive healthcare costs associated with lack of care (treating opportunistic infections in the case of HIV for example); thirdly, improved health represents a real economic and developmental outcome in-and-of itself and finally, healthcare spending capitalises on the Keynesian 'economic multiplier' effect. Continued under-investment in health and health systems represent an important threat to our future global prosperity. This editorial calls for a recognition of health as a major engine of economic growth and for commensurate investment in public health, particularly in poor countries. PMID:22490207

  15. Corrosion resistant process piping changes in economics

    SciTech Connect

    Lain, E.H. Jr. [Phoenix, Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-07-01

    In recent years, the process piping industry has seen dramatic changes occur in corrosion resistant materials. Some changes have occurred in the form of new and modified materials becoming available. However, the most dramatic changes have occurred in the pricing of some older and well known materials. These economic changes have been dramatic and quick, so much so that the old established budget pricing ``rules of thumb`` used for many years to estimate piping projects are no longer valid. In many instances, the prices of some premium metals (titanium, for example) are now on a comparatively equal basis even with high alloys when all factors including densities, special fabrication requirements and service life are taken into account. The purpose of this paper is to discuss some commonly encountered corrosion resistant piping materials, a brief summary of their chemical and mechanical properties and usage. However, the focus of the paper presented will be economic. It will detail the current raw material prices for high alloys including duplex stainless steels, nickel and nickel alloys, Hastelloys+, as well as the reactive metals, zirconium and titanium. In addition, a typical fabricated piping spool in various diameters will be estimated for all of the above metals and the results plotted in graphical format for quick comparison. Last, a quick method will be presented to estimate as fabricated piping costs if the base material price for pipe is known.

  16. Powder towpreg process development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baucom, Robert M.; Marchello, Joseph M.

    1991-01-01

    The process for dry powder impregnation of carbon fiber tows being developed at LaRC overcomes many of the difficulties associated with melt, solution, and slurry prepregging. In the process, fluidized powder is deposited on spread tow bundles and fused to the fibers by radiant heating. Impregnated tows have been produced for preform, weaving, and composite materials applications. Design and operating data correlations were developed for scale up of the process to commercial operation. Bench scale single tow experiments at tow speeds up to 50 cm/sec have demonstrated that the process can be controlled to produce weavable towpreg. Samples were woven and molded into preform material of good quality.

  17. Theory, General Equilibrium, and Political Economy in Development Economics

    E-print Network

    Acemoglu, Daron

    I discuss the role of economic theory in empirical work in development economics with special emphasis on general equilibrium and political economy considerations. I argue that economic theory plays (should play) a central ...

  18. Laser forming process development

    SciTech Connect

    Blake, R.J. [High Tech Images, Sheridan, CO (United States)

    1996-12-31

    This paper is a summary of the activities performed for the process development of laser thermal forming sheet metal parts in support of rapid prototyping. A 400 watt pulsed Nd:YAG laser and 50 watt desktop CO{sub 2} laser were used during initial process development. Several tool-assisted laser forming approaches were conceived during the development of the process, and simple fixtures for process development/understanding were used throughout all testing. Much of the actual forming was performed with the base material in an unfixtured state. CRES (304) was used for baseline development, but the effort was directed toward forming titanium (e.g., 6Al-4V, 15V-3Cr-3Sn-3Al). Several DOE (i.e., Design of Experiment) techniques were employed during development and a Neural Net Computer Model was conceived for process control. This program was a joint effort in cooperation with the American Welding Society under contract with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). A synopsis of the laser forming process development, future opportunities, and applications are presented.

  19. Agroforestry development: An environmental economic perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. R. R. Alavalapati; R. K. Shrestha; G. A. Stainback; J. R. Matta

    2004-01-01

    Agroforestry systems (AFS) provide a mix of market goods and nonmarket goods and services. We postulate that if nonmarket\\u000a goods and services can be internalized to the benefit of landowners, the adoption of AFS will increase. Using the theory of\\u000a externality as a conceptual framework, this paper provides an environmental economic logic for developing incentive policies\\u000a to internalize environmental services

  20. Labor markets and economic development in Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Smith, J P

    1991-01-01

    A researcher analyzed data on male workers from 1262 households from Peninsular Malaysia (1976-1977 Malaysian Family Life Survey) to identify the leading effects of economic development for earnings and employment patterns within labor markets. All 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia profited from the increasing levels of real income over time. The relative income of ethnic Malays, the poorest socioeconomic class, increased more so than the Chinese and Indians. Yet the income of Chinese was 108% higher than Malays and that of Indians was 60%. The difference between Malays and Chinese grew considerably as men aged. Further economic growth resulted in higher earnings for young men than for older men. In addition, the more educated men were the higher their earnings. In fact, education was the most significant determinant of time related growth in incomes. Further, income of men who participated in job training programs grew 2 times as fast than that of men who did not participate in job training programs. Lastly, economic growth increased earnings of men in urban areas more so than those in rural areas. Malaysia had put a lot of time and resources in research and development in rubber and rice production which has resulted in continual introduction of new varieties of rubber trees and rice. These new varieties have increased production considerably. In conclusion, Malaysia was able to experience economic growth because it invested in education and job training for male workers and in research and development to advance production of its 2 most important commodities--rubber and rice. PMID:12317026

  1. Development of an Economic Dashboard for the Flint Region

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erickcek George A

    2007-01-01

    This project constructed an economic dashboard for Genesee County (Flint, Michigan) that identified, monitored, ranked, and compared key regional factors to other metro areas. The resulting dashboard enables economic development organizations and stakeholders in Genesee County to better focus their efforts by identifying the regional factors most associated with economic growth. Secondly, the dashboard allows economic development stakeholders to compare

  2. Minority Business Development and Economic Development Policy in New York. Implications for Black Entrepreneurs and Communities. Report of the Subcommittee on Economic Development. Volume 5, Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York Governor's Advisory Committee for Black Affairs, Albany.

    New York State should develop a comprehensive justification for its involvement in minority business development and each State program should be closely associated with that rationale. Minority business development programs are often short-sighted, potentially conflicting, and yield unimpressive results. Development of Economic Development Zones…

  3. Supporting Local Economic Development in Post-Apartheid South Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony Binns; Etienne Nel

    2002-01-01

    South Africa's apartheid era has left a bitter legacy of retarded economic development. Local Economic Development has been identified by the South African government as a key strategy through which issues of development and, more importantly, poverty alleviation can be addressed by local governments. This paper reviews current Local Economic Development policy in South Africa, before proceeding to an examination

  4. The long term impact of economic development in developed countries on developing countries since 1820

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irma Adelman

    1995-01-01

    The linkages between the economic development of developed and developing countries are analyzed historically. The analysis is divided into epochs, distinguished by global trade regimes and by common characteristics of long term economic growth. The break throughs in long distance transport technology which occured during the industrial revolution created a global economy in which the rythm of economic activity in

  5. Unplanned Terminology Development: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study on Economic Terms in Turkish Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karabacak, Erkan

    2009-01-01

    This study deals with unplanned terminology development in the subject field of economics within media discourse. It examines how economic terms in Turkish newspapers emerge, are used, and cease. This developmental process is also analyzed through productivity of economic terms and the factors affect them. The subject terms are also analyzed as a…

  6. Building organizational and economic mechanisms of the accelerated socio-economic development in Siberia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. A. Kryukov; V. V. Kuleshov; V. Ye. Seliverstov

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers the issues of building organizational and economic mechanisms required to strengthen a position of Siberia in the Russian economic space. Our proposals concern such issues as how to modernize the regional policy and regional strategic planning, to ensure the implementation of the Siberian Socio-Economic Development Strategy and innovations in regions, and to build economic mechanisms required for

  7. Model developed for economic gas dispatch

    SciTech Connect

    Leary, A. (Essex County Gas Co., Amesbury, MA (United States)); Curtis, E.J. (Curtis Associates Inc., York Harbor, ME (United States))

    1993-12-01

    Essex County Gas Co. is using at new, highly efficient approach to simulate the daily economic dispatch of gas supplies to meet market requirements under FERC Order 636. Although sophisticated in its design, the modeling environment permits straightforward model construction with richly detailed components that can be readily changed as needed by gas utility personnel after only a short training period. It provides a mechanism for very detailed simulation of the market and supply balances governing LDC operations. The model serves as Essex County Gas' primary what if tool for testing the operational and economic consequences of a wide variety of supply and demand-side-management alternatives. The model, developed by consultant E.J. Curtis, is driven by Effective Heating Degree-Day daily weather patterns, such as design, normal, warm and extreme. The model is driven by weather patterns input as time series, so other independent variables such as general inflation factors, energy cost projections and economic model results can also be input as time-series data. Alternatively, detailed submodels for such components can be imbedded within the model to automatically generate this information. It incorporates supply and market simulation elements, permitting ready adaptation for use not only in conventional supply planning but also integrated resource management. Comparative what if ' cases can be run with specific demand-side management initiatives toggled on and off.

  8. 13 CFR 108.120 - Economic development primary mission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Organizing A Nmvc Company § 108.120 Economic development primary mission. The primary mission of a NMVC Company must be economic development of one or more LI...

  9. 13 CFR 108.120 - Economic development primary mission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...PROGRAM Qualifications for the NMVC Program Organizing A Nmvc Company § 108.120 Economic development primary mission. The primary mission of a NMVC Company must be economic development of one or more LI...

  10. Early Childhood Development: Economic Development with a High Public Return

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Art Rolnick; Rob Grunewald

    Over the last few years, the future of Minnesota's economy has been called into question. The resulting debate illustrates how little is understood about the fundamentals that underlie economic development. While many recognize the success of the Minnesota economy in the past, they see a weakening in the foundations of that success. Some point to the decline in corporate headquarters

  11. Financial modeling of new product development economics

    E-print Network

    Balasubramaniam, Anitha

    2014-01-01

    Product design and development is a complex process that involves extensive engineering considerations as well as management decisions based on the overall vision for the product. Traditionally, most decision making in ...

  12. A Relational Approach to the Theory and Practices of Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Woolcock; Elizabeth Radin

    2007-01-01

    Arguments and evidence from the social sciences, natural sciences and development practice are used to frame a broader discussion of the role of social relations in the process of economic development. We trace the intellectual history of social relations within theories of economic development and situate the rise of ‘social capital’ as idea and practice in the late twentieth century.

  13. West Central Indiana Economic Development District Merv Nolot, Executive Director

    E-print Network

    West Central Indiana Economic Development District Merv Nolot, Executive Director 1718 Wabash@westcentralin.com http://www.westcentralin.com/ The West Central Indiana Economic Development District (WCIEDD) is a six- county region in west central Indiana working to stimulate economic and community development through

  14. A Cautious Look Into Reconfiguring Federal Economic Development Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey A. Finkle

    2008-01-01

    The current state of federal economic development programs needs to be renovated in order to improve efficiency and limit bureaucratic barriers. As it now stands, each year economic development programs are liable to face significant funding cuts or possible elimination. In this response article, Jeffrey Finkle, President and CEO of the International Economic Development Council (IEDC), highlights the obstacles in

  15. Subnational economic development in present-day South Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin Bloch

    2000-01-01

    This paper should be read as an exercise in ground-clearing, clarification and agenda-setting with regard to subnational (or territorial) economic development in South Africa. To make its argument, the recent experience in subnational economic development policy making and practice in Soutft Africa is drawn upon, as well as that in current economic development good practice elsewhere. 1 In the first

  16. "After the Factories" What is the New Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Engel, Jonathan

    "After the Factories" What is the New Economic Development Model for North Carolina in the 21st Century? The Carolina Seminar on Economic Development 2003-2005 Cannon Mills, Kannapolis, NC, 1 20s9 Photo courtesy of UNC Libraries A Joint Project Office of Economic and Business Development Program on Public

  17. Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries? Angela Luci, Olivier Thévenon 167 2010 #12;2 #12;3 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries.thevenon@ined.fr We examine how far changes in fertility trends are related to ongoing economic development in OECD

  18. The Role of Vocational Education in Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenwood, Katy; Jeffries, Louis

    Intended to provide basic information to policymakers and education-for-work planners, this report addresses both past history and possible directions for linking job training to economic development. In a discussion of the nature of economic development both international issues and economic development in the United States are covered. Discussed…

  19. The role of the telephone in economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew P. Hardy

    1980-01-01

    The author investigates the telephone's role as a contributory agent in economic development. Cross-sectional time series data for 60 nations over 13 years were used to determine how the telephone might make its contribution to economic development. Path analysis and cross-lagged correlation techniques indicate that the telephone does contribute to economic development. This contribution appears to come from the telephone's

  20. Interurban Systems and Regional Economic Development, Resource Paper No. 26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stohr, Walter B.

    This resource paper on economic geography is part of a series designed to supplement undergraduate geography courses. It interprets regional economic development in terms of geographic spatial patterns of production, income, and physical or economic distance. Chapter two outlines some selected characteristics of spatial disparities of economic

  1. Improvement of economic integration of design with process capability index

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhen He; Zhihong Zhang; Bingguang Li; Binshan Lin

    2009-01-01

    The current model of economic integration of design possesses advantages of less bias and lower cost than traditional methods. However few methods are designed for manufacturability. Process capability analysis has been proven in practice to be a very valuable engineering decision tool. This paper presents a process capability index (PCI) approach to improve the economic integration model. In this paper,

  2. The Enterprise Co-Evolution Model of Industrial Chain in Economics Development Zone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hu Youfu

    2010-01-01

    Based on detailed discussion of enterprise ecological relationships in economics development zone, this paper fully described the relationships and evolution processes between enterprises, and established a dynamic co-evolution model for enterprises in economics development zone by reference of Lotka-Volterra model to analyze the co-evolution motion and mechanism for enterprises in economics development zone. The objective is to provide a reliable

  3. Computer-aided design tools for economical MEMS fabrication processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider, Christian; Priebe, Andreas; Brueck, Rainer; Hahn, Kai

    1999-03-01

    Since the early 70s when microsystem technology was first introduce an enormous market for MST-products has been developed. Airbag sensors, micro pumps, ink jet nozzles etc. and the market is just about to start up. Establishing these products for a reasonable price requires mass production. Meanwhile, also computer-based design-tools have been developed in order to reduce the expenses for MST-design. In contrast to other physical design processes like e.g. in micro electronics, MEMS physical design is characterized by the fact that each product requires a tailored sequence of fabrication steps, usually selected from a variety of processing alternatives. The selection from these alternatives is based on economical constraints. Therefore, the design has a strong influence on the money and time spent to take an MST-product to market.

  4. Economic and energy audit of textile foam processing

    SciTech Connect

    Machacek, R.

    1983-06-01

    Conventional wet processing of textiles - dyeing, or application of such surface finishes as soil and water repellents, antistatic agents, fire retardants, permanent press agents, and starch - consumes about 0.19 quadrillion Btu's of energy per year, the equivalent of 30 million barrels of oil. Because wet processing involves immersion of the fabric in a water bath, most of the energy used is in the form of heat for drying. In the newer foam finishing approach, the chemicals for surface finishes are dispersed in a mixture of water and air. The chemicals are concentrated in a relatively small amount of water, and air is injected to form a thick, stable foam. Because little water is involved, drying time and temperature may be drastically reduced. Authur D. Little, Inc., conducted an economic and energy audit of foam processing that considered the technical feasibility, reliability, energy savings, and economic incentives for using foam finishing. We monitored four plants that finish textiles (carpets, broad-woven fabrics, and tubular knits). The plants were selected by the developer of the foaming process (United Merchants and Manufacturers, Inc.) to represent a wide range of textile finishing applications.

  5. Wind Energy for Rural Economic Development

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2004-08-01

    The wind industry contributes to the economies of 46 states, and the outlook for regional economic growth from wind energy is heartening. Wind energy projects provide new jobs, a new source of revenue to farmers and ranchers, and an increased local tax base for rural communities. And wind energy is homegrown energy that helps secure our energy future during uncertain times while reducing pollution emissions and preserving our precious water resources. In fact, achieving the goals of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative during the next 20 years will create$60 billion in capital investment in rural America, provide$1.2 billion in new income for farmers and rural landowners, and create 80,000 new jobs. Wind energy is the fastest-growing energy source in the world, and rural communities are poised to reap the benefits. This brochure provides rural stakeholders with information about wind energy projects and rural economic development, including case studies an d resources for those interested in bringing wind energy to their communities.

  6. The Development of Urban Economics in the Twentieth Century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Evans

    2003-01-01

    E VANS A. W. (2003) The development of urban economics in the twentieth century, Reg. Studies 37 , 521-529. This paper was written to mark 25 years of the ESRC Urban and Regional Economics Workshop which began in 1976. The intellectual development of urban economics is traced from its early roots in the writings of Smith and Marshall through to

  7. Path to Prosperity: The Dynamics of Freedom and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yi Feng; Jacek Kugler; Siddharth Swaminathan; Paul J. Zak

    2008-01-01

    We present a dynamic general equilibrium model that formalizes the political mechanisms that prompt demographic change and augment economic development. We demonstrate that in addition to well-established economic determinants, fertility decisions, human capital accumulation and economic development are altered by three fundamental political variables: political freedom, political stability, and political capacity. Using the model, we derive a set of conditions

  8. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN QATAR

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdulla S. Al-Khulaifi

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between financial development and economic growth has attracted a great deal of attention among economists and policy makers alike. The economy of Qatar did not receive much attention in the empirical literature. This study attempts at filling this gap in economic literature, and examines the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in Qatar for the period

  9. Equity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter?

    E-print Network

    Equity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter? Andriansyaha,b,*and George development and economic growth, the impact of market- based measures on growth has assumed importance Messinisa aCentre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia b

  10. Teaching and Learning Development Economics: Retrospect and Prospect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Edward K. Y.

    2005-01-01

    The author has chosen three major topics in development economics for a discussion on how to teach the subject: the concepts and measurement of development, models of growth and development, and the international aspects of economic development. For the concepts of development, it is important to emphasize the coherence of the topics to be…

  11. Sustainable economic development: Strategies for creating jobs while conserving natural resources and protecting the environment. Research report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas

    1996-01-01

    Sustainable economic development is a departure from traditional economic development. It requires a change from linear, short-term to cyclical, long-term thinking--whether this thinking is applied to understanding industrial processes, the nature of products and waste, energy, or new business development. This publication provides practical assistance to the economic development community by contributing to a new generation of economic development strategies:

  12. 11.437 Financing Economic Development, Fall 2003

    E-print Network

    Seidman, Karl F.

    Focuses on financing tools and program models to support local economic development. Includes an overview of private capital markets and financing sources to understand capital market imperfections that constrain economic ...

  13. Managing Economic Transition. Dimensions of Human Resource Development in Hungary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benedek, Andras; Klekner, Peter

    1997-01-01

    Outlines the state of economic transition in Hungary, the status of human resource development, economic and legal reforms, and the social partnership (education, business, government) in vocational training. (SK)

  14. Energy and economic analysis of industrial process heat recovery with heat pumps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. H. Urdanetta-Bohorquez

    1978-01-01

    A two-stream process scheme is considered as the basic heat pump heat recovery model around which the energy-economic analysis is developed. An algorithm is implemented to search for the heat pump cycle operational conditions that minimize energy consumption and maximize economic profitability. The measure of energy performance is the ratio of primary energy consumption by the heat pump system to

  15. Development of the selective coagulation process

    SciTech Connect

    Yoon, R.H.; Luttrell, G.H.

    1991-01-01

    The aim of this project is to develop an economical method for producing low-sulfur and low-ash coals using the selective hydrophobic coagulation (SHC) process. This work has been divided into three tasks: (1) project planning and sample acquisition; (2) studies of the fundamental mechanism(s) of the selective coagulation process and the parameters that affect the process of separating coal from both the ash-forming minerals and pyritic sulfur; and (3) bench-scale process development test work to establish the best possible method(s) of separating the hydrophobic and coagula from the dispersed mineral matter.

  16. JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models are user-friendly

    E-print Network

    JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI America program to model wind energy jobs and impacts, JEDI has been expanded to biofuels, concentrating from industry norms), JEDI estimates the number of jobs and economic impacts to a local area (usually

  17. 76 FR 2405 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ...Information Collection: Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) AGENCY...of Proposal: Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI). OMB...proposed use: The Brownfield Economic Development Initiative is...

  18. 78 FR 71635 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-29

    ...Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative and Semi-Annual...Office of Rural Housing & Economic Development, Department of Housing and...Information Collection: Appalachia Economic Development Initiative. OMB...

  19. A blueprint for economic development in Indian country

    SciTech Connect

    Swimmer, R.O.

    1989-01-01

    Economic development has become a commonly used phrase frequently abused when used as a metaphor describing changing conditions in Indian country. This phrase became part of the political rhetoric along with the change of Administrations in 1981. Unfortunately, many Indian tribes have interpreted the phrase as a means of getting more federal grants rather than a means to economic freedom for Indians. They have failed to understand that economic development was intended to mean less money from Washington, D.C. and more money from local economic growth generated by income from jobs created by the private sector. This article discusses the dependency of Indian tribes on federal assistance for economic development; defines the concept of economic development of Indian reservations; and finally, determines what role tribal governments and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) should play in economic development in Indian country.

  20. Balancing economic development with environmental protection in developing and lesser developed countries

    SciTech Connect

    El-Ashry, M.T. (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

    1993-01-01

    Recent experience suggests that poverty and environmental degradation go hand in hand. Economic development, on the other hand, provides the financial and technical resources needed for the protection of human health and natural ecosystems. Balancing economic development and environmental protection in developing countries requires a refocusing of economic activity -- not towards producing less, but producing differently. Strategies for the integration of economic development and environmental protection are outlined here, as is the proposed role that will need to be played by the World Bank. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  1. Winter term 2013/14 Advanced Development Economics

    E-print Network

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    :00-15:30 Tutorial 1: Long-Run Development Kan 18.09 16:00-17:30 5. Economics of Global Health 1 Vollmer 19.09 11:00-12:30 6. Economics of Global Health 2 Vollmer 19.09 14:00-15:30 Tutorial 2: Economics of Global Health Kan

  2. Pedagogy for Economic Competitiveness and Sustainable Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahlberg, Pasi; Oldroyd, David

    2010-01-01

    Accelerating threats to a sustainable relationship between economic growth and the capacity of the global social-ecological system to support it require that the implications of competitiveness be reassessed. Today, the capacities that underlie economic competitiveness must also be brought to bear on policy and pedagogy to prepare the coming…

  3. Toward the Development of a Cultural Economics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulding, Kenneth E.

    1972-01-01

    The degree to which various economic specialties have incorporated or avoided cultural analyses is reviewed; problem areas where such studies might be most fruitful are suggested. It is indicated there now exists in embryo form an orientation deserving the name cultural economics''; its furture is speculated. (JB)

  4. Construction and economic development: the case of Hong Kong

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James M. W. Wong; Y. H. Chiang; Thomas S. Ng

    2008-01-01

    The role of construction in economic development is an important issue facing the construction research community, government and international development agencies. Based on empirical analyses, the complexities of the relationship between construction activity and stage of economic development in Hong Kong were examined. With time series data, Granger causality test results show that the construction output particularly the infrastructure sector

  5. Financial development and economic growth in the Middle East

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mouawiya Al-Awad; Nasri Harb

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates the linkages between financial development and economic growth in the Middle East using newly developed methods of panel cointegration along with the popular time series methodologies such as the Johansen's cointegration, Granger causality, and the variance decompositions. The results indicate that, in the long run financial development and economic growth may be related to some level. In

  6. Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model

    E-print Network

    Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model of Monopolistic Competition Jeffrey D. Sachs for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 14 Pattern of Trade and Economic into the model of monopolistic competition to investigate the interplay between trade policies and development

  7. Bench-scale co-processing economic assessment. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Gala, H.B.; Marker, T.L.; Miller, E.N.

    1994-11-01

    The UOP Co-Processing scheme is a single-stage slurry catalyzed process in which petroleum vacuum resid and coal are simultaneously upgraded to a high-quality synthetic oil. A highly active dispersed catalyst has been developed which enables the operation of the co-processing unit at relatively moderate and high temperatures and relatively high pressure. Under the current contract, a multi-year research program was undertaken to study the technical and economic feasibility of this technology. All the contractual tasks were completed. Autoclave experiments were carried out to evaluate dispersed vanadium catalysts, molybdenum catalysts, and a less costly UOP-proprietary catalyst preparation technique. Autoclave experiments were also carried out in support of the continuous pilot plant unit operation and to study the effects of the process variables (pressure, temperature, and metal loading on the catalyst). A total of 24 continuous pilot plant runs were made. Research and development efforts during the pilot plant operations were concentrated on addressing the cost effectiveness of the UOP single-stage slurry catalyzed co-processing concept based on UOP experience gained in the previous DOE contract. To this end, effect of catalyst metal concentration was studied and a highly-active Mo-based catalyst was developed. This catalyst enabled successful long-term operation (924 hours) of the continuous bench-scale plant at highly severe operating conditions of 3,000 psig, 465{degree}C temperature, and 2:1 resid-to-MAF (moisture- and ash-free) coal ratio with 0.1 wt % active metal. The metal loading of the catalyst was low enough to consider the catalyst as a disposable slurry catalyst. Also, liquid recycle was incorporated in the pilot plant design to increase the, reactor back mixing and to increase the flow of liquid through the reactor (to introduce turbulence in the reactor) and to represent the design of a commercial-scale reactor.

  8. Essays in Development Economics and the Economics of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blimpo, Moussa Pouguinimpo

    2010-01-01

    Education is a powerful tool to improve lives and enhance the prospect of innovation and development of nations. While primary school enrollment has increased considerably over the past few decades in Sub-Saharan Africa, learning and the retention rate have remained low. The first two chapters of this dissertation analyze two dimensions in a bid…

  9. Longitudinal relationship between economic development and occupational accidents in China.

    PubMed

    Song, Li; He, Xueqiu; Li, Chengwu

    2011-01-01

    The relativity between economic development and occupational accidents is a debated topic. Compared with the development courses of both economic development and occupational accidents in China during 1953-2008, this paper used statistic methods such as Granger causality test, cointegration test and impulse response function based on the vector autoregression model to investigate the relativity between economic development and occupational accidents in China from 1953 to 2008. Owing to fluctuation and growth scale characteristics of economic development, two dimensions including economic cycle and economic scale were divided. Results showed that there was no relationship between occupational accidents and economic scale during 1953-1978. Fatality rate per 10(5) workers was a conductive variable to gross domestic product per capita during 1979-2008. And economic cycle was an indicator to occupational accidents during 1979-2008. Variation of economic speed had important influence on occupational accidents in short term. Thus it is necessary to adjust Chinese occupational safety policy according to tempo variation of economic growth. PMID:21094300

  10. Cultural diversity, economic development and societal instability

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nettle, D.; Grace, J.B.; Choisy, M.; Cornell, H.V.; Guegan, J.-F.; Hochberg, M.E.

    2007-01-01

    Background. Social scientists have suggested that cultural diversity in a nation leads to societal instability. However, societal instability may be affected not only by within-nation on ?? diversity, but also diversity between a nation and its neighbours or ?? diversity. It is also necessary to distinguish different domains of diversity, namely linguistic, ethnic and religious, and to distinguish between the direct effects of diversity on societal instability, and effects that are mediated by economic conditions. Methodology/Principal Findings. We assembled a large cross-national dataset with information on ?? and ?? cultural diversity, economic conditions, and indices of societal instability. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of cultural diversity on economics and societal stability. Results show that different type and domains of diversity have interacting effects. As previously documented, linguistic ?? diversity has a negative effect on economic performance, and we show that it is largely through this economic mechanism that it affects societal instability. For ?? diversity, the higher the linguistic diversity among nations in a region, the less stable the nation. But, religious ?? diversity has the opposite effect, reducing instability, particularly in the presence of high linguistic diversity. Conclusions. Within-nation linguistic diversity is associated with reduced economic performance, which, in turn, increases societal instability. Nations which differ linguistically from their neighbors are also less stable. However, religious diversity between, neighboring nations has the opposite effect, decreasing societal instability.

  11. Education Inc. How Schools Strengthen the Local Economy. Education-Economic Development Series 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brisson, Candice

    This volume is part of a series that is designed to promote stronger ties between the educational resources in the Northeast and Midwest and the economic development process. It challenges school superintendents, school board members, and their staffs to examine the impact of public schools on the economic health of their communities and recognize…

  12. Dynamic Aspects of of Children's Health, Intellectual Development, and Family Economic Status

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert A. Shakotko

    1980-01-01

    This paper is an empirical investigation of childhood and adolescent health and cognitive development as determined by family economic variables. The model proposed recognizes that these processes may be jointly dependent, and may in part be determined by common unobserved factors; these factors may also be correlated with the observed family economic variables. A two-factor model is estimated using panel

  13. Economics of natural gas conversion processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Gradassi; N. Wayne Green

    1995-01-01

    Industry and academia have been pursuing the conversion of natural gas to higher valued products. Potential process routes include the manufacture of olefins and chemical intermediates, gasoline, and distillate fuels. All indirect manufacturing routes start with a synthesis gas step, which requires expensive steam reforming or partial oxidation of the natural gas feed. The direct routes to conversion seek to

  14. Carbonation: An Efficient and Economical Process for CO2 Sequestration

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Carbonation: An Efficient and Economical Process for CO2 Sequestration Tarun R Naik1 and Rakesh sequestration. Most of the studies related to the carbonation are limited to its effects on corrosion. The possibility of using carbonation process as a direct means for carbon dioxide sequestration is yet

  15. Improvement of Economic Integration of Design with Process Capability Index

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhang Zhihong; He Zhen; Guo Wei

    2007-01-01

    The model of economic integration of design proposed by Kim and Cho possesses advantages of less bias and lower cost than traditional methods. But this method does not design for manufacturability. Process capability analysis has proven in practice to be a very valuable engineering decision tool. So process capability index (PCI) is introduced to improve the model. The methodology is

  16. Global production networks and the analysis of economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey Henderson; Peter Dicken; Martin Hess; Neil Coe; Henry Wai-Chung Yeung

    2002-01-01

    This article outlines a framework for the analysis of economic integration and its relation to the asymmetries of economic and social development. Consciously breaking with state-centric forms of social science, it argues for a research agenda that is more adequate to the exigencies and consequences of globalization than has traditionally been the case in 'development studies'. Drawing on earlier attempts

  17. Entrepreneurship and economic growth: Evidence from emerging and developed countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dave Valliere; Rein Peterson

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents an extension to the economic growth model developed by Wong, Ho, and Autio (2005), to reflect differences in the economic effects of opportunity and necessity-based entrepreneurship in both emerging and developed countries. Data from 44 countries for the years 2004 and 2005, as collected by Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) research and Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) research, are

  18. Entrepreneurship, access policy and economic development: Lessons from industrial organization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark A. Dutz; Janusz A. Ordover; Robert D. Willig

    2000-01-01

    This paper explores some relationships between promotion of competition and economic development that arise from the impacts of entrepreneurial firms. In this respect, two sets of policies are critical for furthering economic development. First, to arrest the diversion of entrepreneurial talent towards non-productive activities, an increased emphasis on preserving rewards from productive innovation is needed – through the protection of

  19. A Research-Based Development Economics Course for Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Prakarsh; Guo, Hongye; Morales, Alvaro

    2015-01-01

    The authors present details of a research-based course in development economics taught at a private liberal arts college. There were three key elements in this class: teaching of applied econometrics, group presentations reviewing published and working papers in development economics, and using concepts taught in class to write an original…

  20. STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    E-print Network

    STATE OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ENERGY POLICY DIVISION electric industry emissions profile and to develop an accurate tracking or reporting mechanism model that uses #12;non-economic dispatch of Pacific Northwest resources for serving Pacific Northwest

  1. Principles for Rethinking the Federal Government's Role in Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward W. Hill

    1998-01-01

    This article begins with a discussion of differences between economic and community development. A three-dimensional policy frame work for analyzing subnational economic development policy is presented One dimension consists of the goals of efficiency and equity. The confusion between the equity objectives of poverty alleviation and helping distressed communities is explained The second dimension includes three sets of government and

  2. Presidential Task Force on Space Industry Workforce & Economic Development

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    Presidential Task Force on Space Industry Workforce & Economic Development Report to the President Workforce & Economic Development Report to the President, August 15, 2010 "The space program has always Charles F. Bolden Jr., Administrator of NASA Members Department of Defense Department of Labor Department

  3. Urban Economic Indicators for Green Development in Cities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline Rodenburg; Tuzin Baycan-Levent; Eveline van Leeuwen; Peter Nijkamp

    2001-01-01

    This paper is part of the European Union project on the Development of Urban Green Spaces to Improve the Quality of Life in Cities and Urban Regions (URGE).† The paper aims to describe urban economic indicators for the evaluation of existing urban green structures and green spaces by using a taxonomy of indicators and to develop an economic framework for

  4. Federal Public Investment Spending and Economic Development in Appalachia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mencken, F. Carson; Tolbert, Charles M., II

    2005-01-01

    This analysis examines the relationship between federal public investment spending and economic development in the special case of Appalachia. We propose that the effects of federal public investment spending on economic development operate indirectly through private capital accumulation. We use a spatial lag regression model to test our ideas for…

  5. Rural Community Colleges and Economic Development: Leaders' Perspectives on Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennington, Kevin; Williams, Mitchell R.

    2004-01-01

    Rural communities often lag behind urban and suburban areas in economic development. Community colleges often contribute to economic development projects in rural areas, but they often seek collaboration with other community partners. This research study was conducted to better understand rural community college presidents' perceptions of the…

  6. Outward-Oriented Economic Development and the Irish Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barry, Frank

    2014-01-01

    Most studies of the relationship between education and economic development focus on the line of causation running from the former to the latter. The present paper studies how the pattern of Irish development has influenced the structure of the Irish education system. The first section sets out the economic context of late industrialisation within…

  7. Community Colleges and Economic Development: Models of Institutional Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katsinas, Stephen G.; Lacey, Vincent A.

    An overview is provided of the nontraditional, direct involvement of community colleges in economic development activities. While a review of the literature and a discussion of the factors leading to community colleges' participation in economic development are included, the primary focus of the monograph is on seven models of nontraditional…

  8. Bringing business clusters into the mainstream of economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart A. Rosenfeld

    1997-01-01

    Business clusters have been observed and studied since the turn of the century, yet the phenomenon has been vastly underrated and undervalued in economic development and planning policy. As long as branch plants dominate economic development policy, interest in clustering involves merely seeking suppliers for these customers. Today though, as industry restructures, becoming leaner and more flexible, the importance of

  9. Economics: Opportunity and Challenges for Human Resource Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Clayton Allen; Mary Fischer; Richard A. Swanson

    2008-01-01

    The problem and the solution. Given the many organizational problems human resource development is expected to help solve and the many tools offered by economics, foundational direction for action can have high utility. This article concludes this issue by discussing the opportunity and challenges facing human resource development scholars and practitioners in integrating economics foundations into its theory building, research,

  10. Population Growth and Economic Development: New Empirical Evidence from Thailand

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fumitaka Furuoka

    2009-01-01

    Population growth has a substantial impact on economic development. There are two schools of thought regarding this issue. Some researchers maintain that population has a negative impact on economic development while others are convinced that the effect is positive. This paper aims to provide additional evidence by employing the bounds test (Pesaran et al., 2001) to analyse a long-run relationship

  11. Military Expenditure and Socio-Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Nicole

    1983-01-01

    The relationship between military expenditure and the stimulation of aggregate demand, inflation, investment, trade balance, foreign exchange, the improvement of taxation, and employment creation and industrialization in the Third World is analyzed. To some extent military expenditure does promote economic growth, but it does not automatically…

  12. The Institutional Framework and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald W. Scully

    1988-01-01

    The compound growth rates per capita output and Farrell-type efficiency measures for 115 market economies over the period 1960-80 were compared with measures of political, civil, and economic li berty. It was found that the institutional framework has significant and large effects on the efficiency and growth rate of economies. Pol itically open societies, which subscribe to the rule of

  13. Special Section: Approaches to Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcouiller, David W.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Includes four articles: "Estimating Economic Impacts of Programming: A Case Study of Forestry" (Marcouiller et al.); "Aquaculture Opportunities" (Snyder); "Starting a County Agricultural Marketing Program" (Vossen); and "A Multidisciplinary Model for Industry Support: Program Redirection Creates Missouri Textile Center" (Dillard et al.). (SK)

  14. E000308 economic development and the environment Economic development in low-income economies is initially highly resource-

    E-print Network

    Coxhead, Ian

    , but also for the global environment through transboundary pollution spillovers and greenhouse gas (GHGE000308 economic development and the environment Economic development in low-income economies is initially highly resource- intensive. Resource depletion and pollution damage is often estimated to reduce

  15. Process-Based Quality (PBQ) Tools Development

    SciTech Connect

    Cummins, J.L.

    2001-12-03

    The objective of this effort is to benchmark the development of process-based quality tools for application in CAD (computer-aided design) model-based applications. The processes of interest are design, manufacturing, and quality process applications. A study was commissioned addressing the impact, current technologies, and known problem areas in application of 3D MCAD (3-dimensional mechanical computer-aided design) models and model integrity on downstream manufacturing and quality processes. The downstream manufacturing and product quality processes are profoundly influenced and dependent on model quality and modeling process integrity. The goal is to illustrate and expedite the modeling and downstream model-based technologies for available or conceptual methods and tools to achieve maximum economic advantage and advance process-based quality concepts.

  16. The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry R. Weingast

    1995-01-01

    Thriving markets require not only an appropriately designed economic system, but a secure political foundation that limits the ability of the state to confiscate wealth. This requires a form of limited government, that is, political institutions that credibly commit the state to honor economic and political rights. This article studies how limited government arose in the developed West, focusing on

  17. Causal attribution and hindsight bias for economic developments.

    PubMed

    Hölzl, Erik; Kirchler, Erich

    2005-01-01

    Hindsight bias for economic developments was studied, with particular focus on the moderating effects of attitudes and causal attributions. Participants (N = 263) rated the likelihood of several economic developments 6 months before and 6 months after the euro introduction in 2002. Hindsight bias occurred selectively for attitude-consistent economic developments: Euro supporters showed stronger hindsight bias for positive developments than for negative ones; euro opponents showed the opposite pattern. Causal attribution further moderated the hindsight bias: participants who perceived a strong connection between the euro introduction and specific economic developments showed higher attitude-consistent hindsight bias than participants who perceived those developments as unrelated to the euro. It is argued that hindsight bias serves to stabilize subjective representations of the economy. PMID:15641897

  18. Silicon web process development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.; Skutch, M. E.; Driggers, J. M.; Hopkins, R. H.

    1981-01-01

    The silicon web process takes advantage of natural crystallographic stabilizing forces to grow long, thin single crystal ribbons directly from liquid silicon. The ribbon, or web, is formed by the solidification of a liquid film supported by surface tension between two silicon filaments, called dendrites, which border the edges of the growing strip. The ribbon can be propagated indefinitely by replenishing the liquid silicon as it is transformed to crystal. The dendritic web process has several advantages for achieving low cost, high efficiency solar cells. These advantages are discussed.

  19. Economic Process Capability Index for Product Design and Process Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angus Jeang

    2008-01-01

    The process capability index (PCI) is a value which reflects real-time quality status. The PCI acts as the reference for real-time\\u000a monitoring that enables process controllers to acquire a better grasp of the quality of their on site processes. The PCI value\\u000a is typically defined as the ability to carry out a task or achieve a goal. However, simply increasing

  20. Nascent Entrepreneurship and the Level of Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sander Wennekers; André van Wennekers; Roy Thurik; Paul Reynolds

    2005-01-01

    Based upon two strands of literature, this paper hypothesizes a U-shaped relationship between a country’s rate of entrepreneurial\\u000a dynamics and its level of economic development. This would imply a different scope for entrepreneurship policy across subsequent\\u000a stages of development. Regressing global entrepreneurship (GEM) 2002 data for nascent entrepreneurship in 36 countries on\\u000a the level of economic development as measured either

  1. Luxury Tourism and Regional Economic Development in Mexico

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ludger Brenner; Adrián Guillermo Aguilar

    2002-01-01

    This article argues that little attention has been paid to the territorial and socioeconomic impact of consumer–service globalization on Third World countries. It specifically examines the economic role of tourism in Mexico and its limited effect on the country's regional development. Despite governmental support in order to enhance economic growth, currency receipts, and employment, tourism contributes less than 5 percent

  2. Influence of Central Bank on the Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valentina Grozdeva

    2001-01-01

    The study makes analysis of the influence of the Central bank on the economic development in connection with the bank system. With that end in view active money, interest rate, exchange rate, inflation and unemployment have been considered in the conditions of central banking and Currency Board. Economic essence of E-money have been also discussed. On the base of analysis

  3. Profitable Partnerships: Public-Private Partners in Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edge, Barbara; MacDonald, William J.

    Four case studies are presented to demonstrate the economic development potential of partnerships between community colleges and public and private sectors, focusing on programs that targeted a specific area of need in Oregon's economic base and raised significant funds for program implementation. Introductory comments provide background…

  4. Economic and Workforce Development Program Annual Report. 2015

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Chancellor's Office, 2015

    2015-01-01

    California's community colleges continue to play a crucial role in the state's economy by providing students with the skills and knowledge to succeed and by advancing the economic growth and global competitiveness of California and its regional economies through the Economic and Workforce Development Program (EWD). Under the Doing What Matters for…

  5. Economic Analysis of Networking Technologies for Rural Developing Regions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shridhar Mubaraq Mishra; John Hwang; Dick Filippini; Reza Moazzami; Lakshminarayanan Subramanian; Tom Du

    2005-01-01

    Providing network connectivity to rural regions in the de- veloping world is an economically challenging problem especially given the low income levels and low population densities in such regions. Many existing connectivity technologies incur a high deployment cost that lim- its their afiordability. Leveraging several emerging wireless technologies, this paper presents the case for economically viable networks in rural developing

  6. 75 FR 39892 - Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Community Development Quota Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-13

    ...support economic development in western Alaska...poverty and provide economic and social benefits for residents...BSAI fisheries' economic benefits to adjacent...funding economic development activities and...participants to additional costs, additional...

  7. 77 FR 6492 - Fisheries of the Exclusive Economic Zone Off Alaska; Community Development Quota Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-08

    ...support economic development in western Alaska...poverty and provide economic and social benefits for residents...BSAI fisheries' economic benefits to adjacent...to fund economic development activities and...participants to additional costs, to...

  8. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1999-01-01

    The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization with 29 Member countries from North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific area. The OECD serves as a "forum for governments of the industrialized democracies to study and formulate the best policies possible in all economic and social spheres." Content is organized into activity sections such as development and co-operation, economics, environmental issues, transition economies, trade and transport. Within each activity, visitors can usually find related publications. The OECD site features a news and events page highlighting the latest OECD developments, and a guide to free on-line documents sorted by activity.

  9. Silicon web process development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.; Blais, P. D.; Davis, J. R., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Thirty-five (35) furnace runs were carried out during this quarter, of which 25 produced a total of 120 web crystals. The two main thermal models for the dendritic growth process were completed and are being used to assist the design of the thermal geometry of the web growth apparatus. The first model, a finite element representation of the susceptor and crucible, was refined to give greater precision and resolution in the critical central region of the melt. The second thermal model, which describes the dissipation of the latent heat to generate thickness-velocity data, was completed. Dendritic web samples were fabricated into solar cells using a standard configuration and a standard process for a N(+) -P-P(+) configuration. The detailed engineering design was completed for a new dendritic web growth facility of greater width capability than previous facilities.

  10. Economic development, marine protected areas and gendered access to fishing resources in a Polynesian lagoon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara Louise Endemaño Walker; Michael A. Robinson

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the potential socio-spatial impacts of a new series of marine protected areas (MPAs) on fishers in Moorea, French Polynesia. The establishment of the MPAs is contextualized within recent and historical processes of economic development and theories of women in development and gender, culture and development. Seventy adults from three neighborhoods in Moorea were interviewed. Analysis of the

  11. The Role of Economic Development on Financial Markets Linkages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abu Hassan; Shaari Mohd; Ugur Ergun

    This paper explores the role of economic development on financial linkages between countries. Cointegration techniques with rolling-window approach and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) are employed. The empirical data which is analyzed consists of stock market indices and exchange rates for one least developed country, developing countries and developed countries and spans the period from 1997 to 2007. Our findings

  12. Partnering for Economic Development: How Town-Gown Relations Impact Local Economic Development in Small and Medium Cities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Jennifer; Field, Sean; Chan, Yolande

    2014-01-01

    Universities play an increasingly prominent role in shaping regional, social, and economic development. In Canada, however, spatial, economic, and social differences between universities and their host communities continue to challenge positive town--gown relationships and undermine the benefits associated with high concentrations of prospective…

  13. Silicon Web Process Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Hopkins, R. H.; Mchugh, J. P.; Hill, F. E.; Heimlich, M. E.; Driggers, J. M.

    1978-01-01

    Progress in the development of techniques to grow silicon web at 25 wq cm/min output rate is reported. Feasibility of web growth with simultaneous melt replenishment is discussed. Other factors covered include: (1) tests of aftertrimmers to improve web width; (2) evaluation of growth lid designs to raise speed and output rate; (3) tests of melt replenishment hardware; and (4) investigation of directed gas flow systems to control unwanted oxide deposition in the system and to improve convective cooling of the web. Compatibility with sufficient solar cell performance is emphasized.

  14. The impact of history and institutions on economic development

    E-print Network

    Lakshmi Iyer

    2003-01-01

    This thesis examines the impact of political and legal institutions on economic development. The thesis consists of three studies analyzing specific historical and current institutions. The first chapter examines the impact ...

  15. The Role of Eastern Europe in Development Economics' History1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James M. Warner; Kenneth P. Jameson

    Until the 1980s, development economics was dominated by analytical approaches formulated during the 1930s and 1940s in response to international instability. The relative backwardness of Eastern Europe had stimulated early thinking that carried over to the post-World War II agenda of reconstruction and nation-building. This paper examines the influence such analysis had on the history of development economics. Explanations for

  16. Silicon web process development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duncan, C. S.; Seidensticker, R. G.; Mchugh, J. P.; Hill, F. E.; Skutch, M. E.; Driggers, J. M.; Hopkins, R. H.

    1980-01-01

    A barrier crucible design which consistently maintains melt stability over long periods of time was successfully tested and used in long growth runs. The pellet feeder for melt replenishment was operated continuously for growth runs of up to 17 hours. The liquid level sensor comprising a laser/sensor system was operated, performed well, and meets the requirements for maintaining liquid level height during growth and melt replenishment. An automated feedback loop connecting the feed mechanism and the liquid level sensing system was designed and constructed and operated successfully for 3.5 hours demonstrating the feasibility of semi-automated dendritic web growth. The sensitivity of the cost of sheet, to variations in capital equipment cost and recycling dendrites was calculated and it was shown that these factors have relatively little impact on sheet cost. Dendrites from web which had gone all the way through the solar cell fabrication process, when melted and grown into web, produce crystals which show no degradation in cell efficiency. Material quality remains high and cells made from web grown at the start, during, and the end of a run from a replenished melt show comparable efficiencies.

  17. Roles of airships in economic development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beier, G. J.; Hidalgo, G. C.

    1975-01-01

    It is proposed that airships of known and tested technology could, in some cases, perform routine transport missions more economically than conventional transport modes. If infrastructure for direct surface transport is already in place or if such infrastructure can be justified by the size of the market and there are no unusual impediments to constructing it, then the airships of tested technology cannot normally compete. If, however, the surface routes would be unusually expensive or circuitous, or if they involve several transhipments, or if the market size is too small to spread infrastructure costs of conventional transport, the airships of tested technology present a workable alternative. A series of special cases are considered. The cases, though unusual, are not unique; there are several similar possible applications which, in total, would provide a reasonably large market for airships.

  18. Economic valuation for sustainable development in the Swedish coastal zone.

    PubMed

    Söderqvist, Tore; Eggert, Håkan; Olsson, Björn; Soutukorva, Asa

    2005-03-01

    The Swedish coastal zone is a scene of conflicting interests about various goods and services provided by nature. Open-access conditions and the public nature of many services increase the difficulty in resolving these conflicts. "Sustainability" is a vague but widely accepted guideline for finding reasonable trade-offs between different interests. The UN view of sustainable development suggests that coastal zone management should aim at a sustainable ecological, economic, and social-cultural development. Looking closer at economic sustainability, it is observed that economic analyses about whether changes in society imply a gain or a loss should take into account the economic value of the environment. Methods used for making such economic valuation in the context of the Swedish coastal zone are briefly reviewed. It is noted that the property rights context matters for the results of a valuation study. This general background is followed by a concise presentation of the design and results of four valuation studies on Swedish coastal zone issues. One study is on the economic value of an improved bathing water quality in the Stockholm archipelago. The other studies are a travel cost study about the economic value of improved recreational fisheries in the Stockholm archipelago, a replacement cost study on the value of restoring habitats for sea trout, and a choice experiment study on the economic value of improved water quality along the Swedish westcoast. PMID:15865316

  19. Research on Dynamic Mechanism of Urban Community Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianli Zhang

    2011-01-01

    The urban community economy is a basic component of the urban economy. The development of community economy is useful to achieve the urban construction, orderly management, consummated serve, and civilized and harmonious society. The development of urban community economy needs motivation. This study aimed to analyze the urban community economy system, establish the dynamic model of urban community economic development,

  20. E-Learning and Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Kelly; Blatnik, Stanko

    2005-01-01

    In this article, our experience in the development and realization of e-Learning courses in Slovenia is described and discussed. Slovenia, the most developed republic of former Yugoslavia, became an EU member in May 2004. In 1991, after its independence from Yugoslavia, Slovenia's transition to a free market economy resulted in lost jobs and an…

  1. Process development studies of the bioconversion of cellulose and production of ethanol. Semi annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Wilke, C.R.; Blanch, H.W.

    1981-04-01

    Progress in the following process development studio is reported: economic evaluation of hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation schemes, economic evaluation of alternative fermentation processes, raw materials evaluation, and evaluation of pretreatment process. Microbiological and enzymatic studies reported are: production of cellulase enzyme from high yielding mutants, hydrolysis reactor development, xylose fermentation, and xylanese production. Fermentation and separation processes include: process development studies on vacuum fermentation and distillation, evaluation of low energy separations processes, large scale hollow fiber reactor development. (MHR)

  2. Processing science and materials development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harold L. Gegel

    1988-01-01

    The development of advanced technologies for the fabrication of close-tolerance parts, in conjunction with the development of advanced materials, plays a key role in the design and manufacturing of affordable aerospace systems. New process and product-design concepts must be evolved in parallel with the development of advanced materials for future systems in order to exploit the achievements being made in

  3. Essays in economic development and education

    E-print Network

    Feigenberg, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    The first chapter of this dissertation examines the market for private school. Private school market shares are rising steadily in many developing countries, but we have a limited understanding of how private schools set ...

  4. Technology and Economics Affecting Unconventional Reservoir Development

    E-print Network

    Flores Campero, Cecilia P.

    2010-01-15

    Shale. Using horizontal wells has also revived older plays, such as the Austin Chalk. The combination of horizontal well technology and water fracturing technology has led to a dramatic increase in the development of both oil and gas from shale...

  5. An economic and energy analysis on bio-hydrogen fuel using a gasification process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kiyoshi Dowaki; Tsuyoshi Ohta; Yasukazu Kasahara; Mitsuo Kameyama; Koji Sakawaki; Shunsuke Mori

    2007-01-01

    Recently, in Japan, recycling technologies have been developed using waste biomass material. Waste biomass is traded in the waste materials market between users and a third-party, who receives a fee for processing them. This study is an environmental and economic analysis of a biomass energy system, which can produce hydrogen fuel for fuel cells (purity of 99.99%) as an example

  6. Scaleup of IGT MILDGAS Process to a process development unit

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, J.A.L. [Kerr-McGee Coal Corp., Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Longanbach, J.; Johnson, R. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States); Underwood, K. [Illinois Dept. of Energy and Natural Resources, Springfield, IL (United States); Mead, J. [Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale, IL (United States); Carty, R.H. [Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1992-12-31

    The MILDGAS process is capable of processing both eastern caking and western non-caking coals to yield a slate of liquid and solid products. The liquids can be processed to produce: feedstocks for chemicals; pitch for use as a binder for electrodes in the aluminum industry; and fuels. Depending on the feed coal characteristics and the operating conditions, the char can be used as an improved fuel for power generation or can be used to make form coke for steel-making blast furnaces or for foundry cupola operations. The specific objectives of the program are to: design, construct, and operate a 24-tons/day adiabatic process development unit (PDU) to obtain process performance data suitable for design scaleup; obtain large batches of coal-derived co-products for industrial evaluation; prepare a detailed design of a demonstration unit; and develop technical and economic plans for commercialization of the MILDGAS process. In this paper, the authors present the process design of the PDU facility, a description of the expected product distribution and the project test plan to be implemented in the program.

  7. 13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

  8. 24 CFR 570.209 - Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects. 570.209 ...Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects. The following...select activities to be carried out for economic development purposes....

  9. 31 CFR 537.302 - Economic development of resources located in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Economic development of resources located in... General Definitions § 537.302 Economic development of resources located in Burma. (a) The term economic development of resources located...

  10. 31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. 537... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. ...third-country company that is engaged in the economic development of resources located...

  11. 31 CFR 537.302 - Economic development of resources located in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Economic development of resources located in... General Definitions § 537.302 Economic development of resources located in Burma. (a) The term economic development of resources located...

  12. 31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma... Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...performance of a contract that includes the economic development of resources located...

  13. 31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. 537... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. ...third-country company that is engaged in the economic development of resources located...

  14. 13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

  15. 31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. 537... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. ...third-country company that is engaged in the economic development of resources located...

  16. 31 CFR 537.302 - Economic development of resources located in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Economic development of resources located in... General Definitions § 537.302 Economic development of resources located in Burma. (a) The term economic development of resources located...

  17. 31 CFR 537.302 - Economic development of resources located in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Economic development of resources located in... General Definitions § 537.302 Economic development of resources located in Burma. (a) The term economic development of resources located...

  18. 24 CFR 570.209 - Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects. 570.209 ...Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects. The following...select activities to be carried out for economic development purposes....

  19. 31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma... Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...performance of a contract that includes the economic development of resources located...

  20. 24 CFR 570.209 - Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects. 570.209 ...Guidelines for evaluating and selecting economic development projects. The following...select activities to be carried out for economic development purposes....

  1. 31 CFR 537.412 - Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. 537... Investments in entities involved in economic development projects in Burma. ...third-country company that is engaged in the economic development of resources located...

  2. 41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... false What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900...102-75.900 What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means that...

  3. 13 CFR 304.1 - Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Designation of Economic Development Districts: Regional eligibility...1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DISTRICTS § 304.1...

  4. 41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... false What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900...102-75.900 What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means that...

  5. 31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...contract that includes the economic development of resources located...

  6. 7 CFR 25.502 - Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. 25.502...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. Any rural area nominated by an economic development corporation chartered by...

  7. 41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900 Section...900 What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means that the...

  8. 7 CFR 25.502 - Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. 25.502...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. Any rural area nominated by an economic development corporation chartered by...

  9. 24 CFR 597.502 - Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 true Nominations by economic development corporations or the District...597.502 Nominations by economic development corporations or the District...urban area nominated by an Economic Development Corporation chartered...

  10. 31 CFR 537.411 - Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...false Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. 537...411 Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. ...equity interest, in the economic development of resources located in...

  11. December 4, 2012 [DRAFT] San Diego State University Strategic Plan: Economic Development Working Group

    E-print Network

    Ponce, V. Miguel

    December 4, 2012 [DRAFT] San Diego State University Strategic Plan: Economic Development Working as anchor institutions and assumed greater responsibility for economic and community development. In fact economic and community development ­ leadership, expertise, capital, land, and tools for innovation

  12. 24 CFR 597.502 - Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... false Nominations by economic development corporations or the District...597.502 Nominations by economic development corporations or the District...urban area nominated by an Economic Development Corporation chartered...

  13. 24 CFR 597.502 - Nominations by economic development corporations or the District of Columbia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... false Nominations by economic development corporations or the District...597.502 Nominations by economic development corporations or the District...urban area nominated by an Economic Development Corporation chartered...

  14. 24 CFR 598.510 - Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... false Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District...598.510 Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District...urban area nominated by an Economic Development Corporation chartered by...

  15. 31 CFR 537.411 - Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. 537...411 Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. ...equity interest, in the economic development of resources located in...

  16. 31 CFR 537.410 - Contracts and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...and subcontracts regarding economic development of resources in Burma...contract that includes the economic development of resources located...

  17. 41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900 Section...900 What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means that the...

  18. University of Minnesota Office for Business & Community Economic Development Management & Technical Assistance Program (MTAP) for Nonprofits

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    University of Minnesota ­ Office for Business & Community Economic Development Management & Community Economic Development at the University of Minnesota. By participating in the program, we ask the nonprofit representative and the Office for Business & Community Economic Development with an Engagement

  19. 24 CFR 598.510 - Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District of Columbia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... false Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District...598.510 Nominations by Economic Development Corporations or the District...urban area nominated by an Economic Development Corporation chartered by...

  20. 7 CFR 25.502 - Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. 25.502...Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. Any rural area nominated by an economic development corporation chartered by...

  1. 31 CFR 537.411 - Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. 537...411 Purchase of shares in economic development projects in Burma. ...equity interest, in the economic development of resources located in...

  2. Human development, public expenditure and economic growth: a system dynamics approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad Azeem Qureshi

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – It is now widely recognized that human development (HD) and economic growth (EG) are intertwined in two-way feedback processes either leading to an upward spiral of development or a poverty trap. This concept is used to overcome one of the limitations of a previous study by Qureshi which assumes exogenous gross domestic product (GDP). With endogenous GDP formulation,

  3. Beyond Economic Growth: Meeting the Challenges of Global Development. WBI Learning Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soubbotina, Tatyana P.

    This book is designed primarily to help readers broaden their knowledge of global issues, gain insight into their country's situation in a global context, and understand the problems of sustainable development nationally and globally. Because development is a comprehensive process involving economic as well as social and environmental changes, the…

  4. From Growth to Poverty Reduction: A New Conceptual Framework in Development Economics

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and the International Monetary Fund). Indeed, after WWII, thinking on development was focused on growth. A major shift is also an implicit substitution of difficult objectives with highly complex causal processes for concepts steps of the evolution of the thinking in development economics since WWII, then critically assesses

  5. Nature's role in sustaining economic development

    PubMed Central

    Dasgupta, Partha

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, I formalize the idea of sustainable development in terms of intergenerational well-being. I then sketch an argument that has recently been put forward formally to demonstrate that intergenerational well-being increases over time if and only if a comprehensive measure of wealth per capita increases. The measure of wealth includes not only manufactured capital, knowledge and human capital (education and health), but also natural capital (e.g. ecosystems). I show that a country's comprehensive wealth per capita can decline even while gross domestic product (GDP) per capita increases and the UN Human Development Index records an improvement. I then use some rough and ready data from the world's poorest countries and regions to show that during the period 1970–2000 wealth per capita declined in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, even though the Human Development Index (HDI) showed an improvement everywhere and GDP per capita increased in all places (except in sub-Saharan Africa, where there was a slight decline). I conclude that, as none of the development indicators currently in use is able to reveal whether development has been, or is expected to be, sustainable, national statistical offices and international organizations should now routinely estimate the (comprehensive) wealth of nations. PMID:20008380

  6. Economics of Milk Products Processing Plants in Texas. 

    E-print Network

    Stelly, Randall

    1957-01-01

    BULLETIN 883 &@+; ' Economics of ~ilk'Pioducts " / @* !@ Processing Plants -i~*T&s Location of milk products manufacturing plants in Texas. by types of product. summer 1957. DECEMBER 1957 TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS... and processors. Data on production of manufactured products for 1957 represent estimates of plant managers and are based on actual output up to the time of interview (summer 1957) and anticipated production for the remainder of the year. Twenty-one of the 34...

  7. Integrated Watershed Management as a Tool for Ecologically Sound Water Resources Management and Sustainable Economic and Social Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simonetta Siligato; Christoph Feldkötter; Cornelis van Tuyll

    Water drives ecological processes and supports economic activities in agriculture and industry. It is the most precious natural resource, and its sustainable use is crucial not only for maintaining ecological processes but also for sustainable social and economic development. The natural spatial unit within which water resources can best be managed is the watershed, and it is against this background

  8. ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    E-print Network

    on developing the local economy. Chapter 3, Industrial ecology, examines in some detail the tendency. Economy and ecology are increasingly to be found on the same side. Chapter 5, Sustainable communities, turns to urban environments, and the planning and management issues arising in the struggle towards

  9. Economic Deprivation and Early Childhood Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Greg J.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Examined the relationship between poverty and children's developmental outcomes, the effects of the timing and duration of poverty, and the effects of poverty at the family and neighborhood level, analyzing data from two longitudinal surveys. Found that poverty status was strongly related to low levels of cognitive development, even after…

  10. Economic development as self-discovery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ricardo Hausmann; Dani Rodrik

    2003-01-01

    In the presence of uncertainty about what a country can be good at producing, there can be great social value to discovering costs of domestic activities because such discoveries can be easily imitated. We develop a general-equilibrium framework for a small open economy to clarify the analytical and normative issues. We highlight two failures of the laissez-faire outcome: there is

  11. Economic Development as Self-Discovery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ricardo Hausmann; Dani Rodrik

    2002-01-01

    In the presence of uncertainty about what a country can be good at producing, there can be great social value to discovering costs of domestic activities because such discoveries can be easily imitated. We develop a general-equilibrium framework for a small open economy to clarify the analytical and normative issues. We highlight two failures of the laissez-faire outcome: there is

  12. Economic development, legality, and the transplant effect

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Berkowitz; Katharina Pistor; Jean-Francois Richard

    2003-01-01

    We analyze the determinants of effective legal institutions (legality) using data from 49 countries. We show that the way the law was initially transplanted and received is a more important determinant than the supply of law from a particular legal family. Countries that have developed legal orders internally, adapted the transplanted law, and\\/or had a population that was already familiar

  13. FDI and Economic Development in Costa Rica

    E-print Network

    benefits #12;Costa Rica's (and LA's) Approach to Development: From ISI to Washington Consensus Trade Investments (a) high human capital (b) political stability (c) adequate infrastructure (d) strong institutions Tax revenue Foreign exchange Employment Investment #12;Problem I: Insufficient Tax Revenues (1) Trade

  14. Technological and economic development of photovoltaics. [Review

    SciTech Connect

    Costello, D.; Rappaport, P.

    1980-01-01

    Solar energy technologies, and photovoltaic technologies in particular, represent one of the more socially attractive of the technical solutions to the energy dilemma. This paper reviews the present status of photovoltaic technologies and investigates their potential role as an energy supply. The first key element is the physical characteristics of the technology. The second is the photovoltaic industry which translates technological advances into commercial products. The markets and their behavior in response to these products constitute the next critical element. Finally, US and foreign governments will continue to be involved in photovoltaics and will influence their development. Neither the technology, the industry, the markets, nor the public sector alone will dictate the development of photovoltaics. Rather, it will be the dynamic interaction of all these elements that determines the energy contribution of this technology. The four major sections of the paper deal with each of the key elements individually. The final section explores their interactions. 52 references.

  15. Technology and Economics Affecting Unconventional Reservoir Development 

    E-print Network

    Flores Campero, Cecilia P.

    2010-01-15

    recovery R&D and unconventional gas produc- tion. Data from 29 major US-based energy producing companies???? 11 2.1 History matching and forecasting for a natural gas producer reservoir as example???????????????????????............. 16 2...- vention of the combustion engine to power automobiles and airplanes, the US developed into a great industrial power based on oil. Major discoveries were found in East Texas in 1930s, and even larger reserves discovered in the Middle East, Iraq and Saudi...

  16. Three Essays on Economic Development in Africa

    E-print Network

    Musumba, Mark

    2012-10-19

    ........................................................... 50 III TRANSMISSION OF WORLD COFFEE PRICES TO SMALL SCALE GROWERS: THE CASE OF UGANDA ROBUSTA COFFEE 54 Introduction .................................................................................... 54 Brief Literature Review... at the farm-gate. In this study, I focus on Robusta coffee growers in Uganda. Coffee is the second most important export product for developing countries after crude oil (ECF 2006). Uganda depends on agriculture for most of its export earnings and coffee...

  17. On the Mechanics of Economic Development and NonDevelopment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Holger Strulik

    1999-01-01

    Young adults observe the current interest rate, wage rate, and child mortality and decide about savings and the quantity and quality of their children. Human capital is produced as an external effect of expenditure on child quality and its production is subject to decreasing returns. Depending on the economic environment individuals decide on one of three different lifestyles. The first

  18. Women's Education for Economic Development in Cross Section of Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuroda, Kazuo

    International organizations and researchers in the field of education and development have emphasized the importance of women's education for the social and economic development of Third World countries. However, women's educational levels are lower than men's in most countries throughout the world. This paper presents findings of a study that…

  19. The Role of Informal Legal Institutions in Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin J. Fandl

    2008-01-01

    The purveyance of the rule of law in developing countries has frequently been associated with positive economic development. Better clarity, scope, transparency and enforcement of the laws will promote confidence and trust in the formal legal system, the argument suggests. At its core, this argument misses a fundamental yet widely recognized tangent to the rule of law – the role

  20. Economic Development and the Escape from High Mortality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Javier A. Birchenall

    2007-01-01

    Summary. — This paper studies the characteristic features of the escape from high mortality as re- corded from the historical experience of Northwestern Europe and from the current experience of less developed countries. The paper documents stylized facts of mortality change and measures the contribution of economic development, represented by income per capita, to the mortality decline during the second

  1. [The Importance of Economic Growth to Developing Nations].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woods, Alan

    This speech by the director of the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID), describes AID's purposes and responsibilities and challenges teachers to consider future economic conditions of the world. Population forecasts are presented indicating that, of the 25 world's largest cities in the year 2000, only six will be located in developed

  2. CO2 Storage and Sink Enhancements: Developing Comparable Economics

    E-print Network

    CO2 Storage and Sink Enhancements: Developing Comparable Economics B.R. Bock1 , R.G. Rhudy2 , and H technologies and practices under development for CO2 storage and sink enhancement, including options for storing captured CO2, such as active oil reservoirs, depleted oil and gas reservoirs, deep aquifers, coal

  3. Economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bob Baulch; John Hoddinott

    2000-01-01

    This study provides an introduction to this special issue of The Journal of Development Studies on economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries. In addition to providing a conceptual framework, it outlines how the contributions fit into the extant literature. A series of regularities emerge across these studies. The poor consist of those who are always poor — poor

  4. Entrepreneurship and economic development in Ireland: Does culture matter?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Keating

    1992-01-01

    As its title suggests, this paper is concerned with the relationship between culture, entrepreneurship and development in Ireland. Using empirical evidence about entrepreneurial behavior, it shows that business conduct conforms closely to Weber's model of economic traditionalism, an approach to entrepreneurship which is not conducive to development. The paper then tries to show how cultural values, derived in part from

  5. Economic Development and the Timing and Components of Population Growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David E. Bloom; Richard B. Freeman

    1987-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between population growth and economic growth in developing countries from 1965 to 1985. Our results indicate that developing countries were able to shift their labor force from low-productivity agriculture to the higher-productivity industry and service sectors, and to increase productivity within those sectors, despite the rapid growth of their populations. We also find that at

  6. 75 FR 49016 - County of Greenville, S.C.-Acquisition Exemption-Greenville County Economic Development Corporation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-12

    ...Exemption--Greenville County Economic Development Corporation The County of...acquire from Greenville County Economic Development Corporation (GCEDC) approximately...See Greenville County Economic Development...

  7. Economic evaluation of radiation processing in urban solid wastes treatment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carassiti, F.; Lacquaniti, L.; Liuzzo, G.

    During the last few years, quite a number of studies have been done, or are still in course, on disinfection of urban liquid wastes by means of ionizing radiations. The experience gained by SANDIA pilot plant of irradiation on dried sewage sludge, together with the recently presented conceptual design of another plant handling granular solids, characterized by high efficiency and simple running, have shown the possibility of extending this process to the treatment of urban solid wastes. As a matter of fact, the problems connected to the pathogenic aspects of sludge handling are often similar to those met during the disposal of urban solid wastes. This is even more so in the case of their reuse in agriculture and zootechny. The present paper introduces the results of an analysis carried out in order to evaluate the economical advantage of inserting irradiation treatment in some process scheme for management of urban solid wastes. Taking as an example a comprehensive pattern of urban solid wastes management which has been analysed and estimated economically in previous works, we first evaluated the extra capital and operational costs due to the irradiation and then analysed economical justification, taking into account the increasing commercial value of the by-products.

  8. Technical and economic assessment of processes for the production of butanol and acetone

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    This report represents a preliminary technical and economic evaluation of a process which produces mixed solvents (butaol/acetone/ethanol) via fermentation of sugars derived from renewable biomass resources. The objective is to assess the technology of producing butanol/acetone from biomass, and select a viable process capable of serving as a base case model for technical and economic analysis. It is anticipated that the base case process developed herein can then be used as the basis for subsequent studies concerning biomass conversion processes capable of producing a wide range of chemicals. The general criteria utilized in determining the design basis for the process are profit potential and non-renewable energy displacement potential. The feedstock chosen, aspen wood, was selected from a number of potential renewable biomass resources as the most readily available in the United States and for its relatively large potential for producing reducing sugars.

  9. Automating the training development process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Scott, Carol J.

    1993-01-01

    The Automated Training Development System (ATDS) was developed as a training tool for the JPL training environment. ATDS is based on the standard for military training programs and is designed to develop training from a system perspective, focusing on components in terms of the whole process. The principal feature of ATDS is data base maintainability. Everything is contained and maintained within the data base, and, if properly developed, it could be a training component of a software delivery and provided to CM as a controlled item. The analysis, development, design, presentation, and reporting phases in the ATDS instructional design method are illustrated.

  10. Tubeless evaporation process development: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-12-01

    A tubeless evaporation process which has the potential to combine the advantage of both evaporation and freezing processes, without their disadvantages is being developed. The TEP is capable of concentrating process solutions of such things as sugar, caustic soda, salt, sodium sulfate, black liquor from the pulp and paper industry, cooling tower blowdown, ''spent'' pickling liquor (sulfuric acid) from the steel industry, and nitric acid with potential energy savings of half to three-quarters of the energy required by conventional evaporators, with about half of the capital and maintenance cost. It has similar potential for the production of fresh water from seawater. The process uses working fluids (WF's) at their freezing point to effect direct contact heat exchange. The purpose of this project was to find additional and lower cost WF's in the laboratory, to obtain sizing information for the major equipment for an economic evaluation and a pilot plant design in a bench scale plant, and to perform the economic evaluation, and the pilot plant design and cost estimate. 6 refs., 37 figs., 7 tabs.

  11. UOP develops new oxygenates process

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-06-03

    UOP, Des Plaines, Ill., has developed a process it claims is new state of the art for making methyl or ethyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE or ETBE) or tertiary amyl methyl ester (TAME) from olefin feedstocks. UOP the the process, carrying the trademark Ethermax, achieves higher conversion rates than fixed bed processes: more than 99% isobutylene conversion in MTBE units and more than 91% isoamylene conversion in TAME units, compared with 96-98% and 70% respectively, with conventional etherification technology. UOP, Huels AG of Marl, Germany, and Koch Engineering Co. Inc., Wichita, Kan., developed the Ethermax process by combining principles of conventional fixed bed MTBE processing with Koch's proprietary reaction with distillation (RWD) technology.

  12. Economics of Developing Hot Stratigraphic Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect

    Greg Mines; Hillary Hanson; Rick Allis; Joseph Moore

    2014-09-01

    Stratigraphic geothermal reservoirs at 3 – 4 km depth in high heat-flow basins are capable of sustaining 100 MW-scale power plants at about 10 c/kWh. This paper examines the impacts on the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) of reservoir depth and temperature, reservoir productivity, and drillhole/casing options. For a reservoir at 3 km depth with a moderate productivity index by hydrothermal reservoir standards (about 50 L/s/MPa, 5.6 gpm/psi), an LCOE of 10c/kWh requires the reservoir to be at about 200°C. This is the upper temperature limit for pumps. The calculations assume standard hydrothermal drilling costs, with the production interval completed with a 7 inch liner in an 8.5 inch hole. If a reservoir at 4 km depth has excellent permeability characteristics with a productivity index of 100 L/s/MPa (11.3 gpm/psi), then the LCOE is about 11 c/kWh assuming the temperature decline rate with development is not excessive (< 1%/y, with first thermal breakthrough delayed by about 10 years). Completing wells with modest horizontal legs (e.g. several hundred meters) may be important for improving well productivity because of the naturally high, sub-horizontal permeability in this type of reservoir. Reducing the injector/producer well ratio may also be cost-effective if the injectors are drilled as larger holes.

  13. The Manifestation of the Internal Mechanisms of Democracy in Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miao Yi

    2010-01-01

    Economic development promotes democracy development and increases democratization level in different ways and means. First, economic development leads to the movement of population and makes the social structure have changed; the total increase of social resources enhances the educational standards and forms a massive middle class, which is the prerequisite for economic development; Secondly, economic development expands interpersonal communication and

  14. Economic, organizational, and institutional impact of the survivability validation process

    SciTech Connect

    Brock, G. [Kaman Sciences Corp., Colorado Springs, CO (United States)

    1993-08-01

    This paper addresses some of the key economic, organizational, and institutional issues associated with the development and use of survivability validation protocols. It discusses factors affecting protocols, considerations for protocol selection, test- bed/simulator/analysis tool availability, organizational issues affecting protocol use, deviations precluding adherence to validated protocols, and protocol advantages. Knowledge of these factors will assist developers of survivability validation protocols in designing more flexible protocols that can be tailored for differing circumstances without losing the fidelity or assurance that the protocol will produce the desired survivability level.

  15. Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Deschutes County, Oregon.

    SciTech Connect

    Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

    1991-12-01

    This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be Deschutes County. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Deschutes County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economical impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result for the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

  16. Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Harney County, Oregon.

    SciTech Connect

    Sifford, Alex; Beale, Kasi

    1991-12-01

    This study provides local economic impact estimates for a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power project in Oregon. The hypothetical project would be in Harney Count. Bonneville Power Administration commissioned this study to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council and its advisors. Harney County was chosen as it has both identified resources and industry interest. Geothermal energy is defined as the heat of the earth. For purposes of this study, geothermal energy is heat capable of economically generating electricity (using available technology). That translates to steam or hot water over 300{degrees}F. Local economic impacts include direct, indirect, and induced changes in the local economy. Direct economic impacts result from the costs of plant development, construction, and operation. Indirect impacts result from household and local government purchases. Induced impacts result from continued respending as goods and services to support the households and local governments are purchased. Employment impacts of geothermal development follow a pattern similar to the economic impacts. The workers associated with plant development bring their families to the area. Additional labor is required to provide support services for the new population. Local government services must also increase to support the new community growth and the geothermal plant itself. These changes yield indirect and induced employment impacts associated with the geothermal plant.

  17. Economic compensation standard for irrigation processes to safeguard environmental flows in the Yellow River Estuary, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pang, Aiping; Sun, Tao; Yang, Zhifeng

    2013-03-01

    SummaryAgriculture and ecosystems are increasingly competing for water. We propose an approach to assess the economic compensation standard required to release water from agricultural use to ecosystems while taking into account seasonal variability in river flow. First, we defined agricultural water shortage as the difference in water volume between agricultural demands and actual supply after maintaining environmental flows for ecosystems. Second, we developed a production loss model to establish the relationship between production losses and agricultural water shortages in view of seasonal variation in river discharge. Finally, we estimated the appropriate economic compensation for different irrigation stakeholders based on crop prices and production losses. A case study in the Yellow River Estuary, China, demonstrated that relatively stable economic compensation for irrigation processes can be defined based on the developed model, taking into account seasonal variations in river discharge and different levels of environmental flow. Annual economic compensation is not directly related to annual water shortage because of the temporal variability in river flow rate and environmental flow. Crops that have stable planting areas to guarantee food security should be selected as indicator crops in economic compensation assessments in the important grain production zone. Economic compensation may be implemented by creating funds to update water-saving measures in agricultural facilities.

  18. Economic development through biomass system integration: Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    DeLong, M.M. [Northern States Power Co., Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    1995-10-01

    This report documents a feasibility study for an integrated biomass power system, where an energy crop (alfalfa) is the feedstock for a processing plant and a power plant (integrated gasification combined cycle) in a way that benefits the facility owners. Chapters describe alfalfa basics, production risks, production economics, transportation and storage, processing, products, market analysis, business analysis, environmental impact, and policy issues. 69 figs., 63 tabs.

  19. Population Growth and Economic Development: Lessons from Selected Asian Countries. Policy Development Studies, Number 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Andrew; And Others

    The major findings of a research project on the relationship between population growth and economic development are summarized in this monograph. The study compares recent demographic and economic trends in Japan, Korea, Thailand, and Indonesia to worldwide experience as described by an econometric model of population and development. The study…

  20. Community Development Corporations as Vehicles of Community Economic Development: The Case of Rural Manitoba

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth C. Bessant

    2005-01-01

    Researchers and practitioners routinely discuss the impact of urbanization, globalization, fiscal retrenchment, and service devolution on rural livelihoods. These wide-scale transformations have prompted the search for alternative modes and mechanisms of community development. Over the past decade, interest in community economic development (CED) has grown significantly in various parts of rural Canada. CED constitutes a comprehensive, integrated approach to economic

  1. COLLABORATIVE APPROACHES TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPEMENT: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIPS AND SOCIAL CAPITAL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyung Jun Park; Richard C. Feiock

    When will local governments in a fragmented metropolitan area cooperate rather than compete in their pursuit of economic development? Cooperation in economic development can not easily be accounted for with conventional models. This study builds upon an institutional collective action framework and focuses on the four dimensions of social capital as a critical resource to solve regional collective action problems.

  2. A survey of the economics of materials processing in space. [accenting biomedical materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, B. P.

    1975-01-01

    A survey of the economics of space materials processing has been performed with the objectives of identifying those areas of space materials processing that give preliminary indication of significant economic potential, and to identify possible approaches to quantify the economic potential. It is concluded that limited economic studies have been performed to date, primarily in the area of the processing of inorganic materials, but that the economics of space processing of biological material has not received adequate attention. Specific studies are recommended to evaluate the economic impact of human lymphocyte subgroup separation on organ transplantation, and on the separation and concentration of urokinase producing cells.

  3. Luxury and Economic Development: David Hume and Adam Smith

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anthony Brewer

    1998-01-01

    David Hume thought that a taste for luxury was desirable because it promoted economic and political development (it brought down feudalism, among other things). Adam Smith's early works follow a very similar line though, unlike Hume, he saw a taste for luxury as rather contemptible despite its desirable effects. In the Wealth of Nations, however, saving is the key to

  4. Economic Development, Human Capital, and Gender Earnings Differentials in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, Ying Chu

    2004-01-01

    Gender earnings differentials in China during the course of development in the post-reform period were examined. The analysis showed that the female-male earnings ratio increased over time in all regions. The region with relatively rapid economic reforms had the highest female-male earnings ratio. Decomposition of the gender earnings differential…

  5. Developing Transferable Research Skills in First Year Agricultural Economics Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koppi, Tony; Nolan, Elizabeth; Field, Damien

    2010-01-01

    A problem-based learning approach was adopted for a unit of study in first year agricultural economics at the University of Sydney with the aim of starting development of students' research skills earlier than usual. The novel teaching approach employed a structured and guided problem activity in the first semester and progressed to a more…

  6. International Inequalities: Algebraic Investigations into Health and Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staats, Susan; Robertson, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    The Millennium Project is an international effort to improve the health, economic status, and environmental resources of the world's most vulnerable people. Using data associated with the Millennium Project, students use algebra to explore international development issues including poverty reduction and the relationship between health and economy.…

  7. The Benefits of Early Child Development Programs: An Economic Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Gaag, Jacques; Tan, Jee-Peng

    This paper provides a framework for estimating the economic benefits of early child development (ECD) programs and applies the framework to preliminary data from the Bolivian ECD program (known as the PIDI Project). The evaluation quantifies the benefits of increased lifetime productivity as a result of ECD enrollment. The evaluation also takes…

  8. The Superintendent; Vital Link between Education and Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollard, Joyce S.

    1988-01-01

    In May 1988, at the request of State Superintendent for Instruction John Folks, about 50 Oklahoma school superintendents, legislators, association executives, and state department staff met to discuss education and economic development linkages. Participants heard numerous speakers, including superintendents, business representatives, economists,…

  9. Human Geography Data and Mapping for Economic Development & Livelihoods

    E-print Network

    Giles, C. Lee

    Human Geography Data and Mapping for Economic Development & Livelihoods 27 June 2012 World Bank, Washington D.C. We are pleased to announce the World-Wide Human Geography Data Working Group meeting on 27 partnerships around human geography data and mapping focused on the general principle of making appropriate

  10. Industrialization and Economic Development in Advanced Placement Human Geography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Adrian J.

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the industrialization and economic development section of the Advanced Placement (AP) human geography course, addressing four specific aspects: (1) the character of industrialization; (2) spatial aspects of the rise of industrial economies; (3) contemporary global patterns of industrialization and resource extraction; and (4) impacts of…

  11. Constitutionality of state economic incentives for energy development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Skiffington

    1981-01-01

    In addition to the federal loan and price guarantees of the 1980 Energy Security Act, many energy-rich states are providing financial incentives to energy companies to spur development of their energy resources and to stimulate their economies. State incentives, however, may be restricted by constitutional debt restrictions, which expressly restrict governmental economic aid to private enterprise, and by the public

  12. A Public Lecture: Labour Markets and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary S Fields

    2006-01-01

    [Excerpt] I want to put forward three propositions to you based on decades of work in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. First, economic development can be (but need not be) a win-win-win situation - for businesses, for individuals and groups of individuals, and for governments and non- governmental organisations (NGOs). Second, the labour market can (but need not) serve as

  13. Fiscal mechanism to regulate municipal socio-economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. N. Papelo; A. N. Goloshevskaya

    2012-01-01

    The paper analyzes a special status and the basic components and problems of budgetary management of the socio-economic development in megalopolises. A differentiate approach to budgetary management in large cities is considered asmore applicable since it considers their special status. We offer a methodical approach to introducing mechanisms of output budgeting as it allows identifying the interdependence of fiscal indicators

  14. Local economic development, decentralisation and consensus building in Turkey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gül Berna Özcan

    2000-01-01

    This study explores the prospects of decentralisation and consensus building within the context of local economic development in Turkey. The broad theoretical concern of this research is the tension between the centre and periphery in the governance structure of Turkey. Over 80 interviews from three rapidly growing medium-sized cities, Denizli, Gaziantep and Kayseri, indicate that considerable decentralisation in recent decades

  15. Examining strategic and economic development implications of globalising through franchising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hildy Teegen

    2000-01-01

    This paper addresses the strategic and policy implications of franchise system expansion overseas. The study is based on survey data of 76 Mexican buyers of US franchise systems and information provided by seven directors of national franchise associations from both industrialised and developing countries. Globalisation, economic liberalisation and advances in communications provide strong incentives for franchising firms to seek access

  16. The relationship between economic development and business ownership revisited

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Carree; André Van Stel; Roy Thurik; Sander Wennekers

    2007-01-01

    This paper revisits the two-equation model of Carree, van Stel, Thurik and Wennekers (2002) where deviations from the ‘equilibrium’ rate of business ownership play a central role in determining both the growth of business ownership and that of economic development. Two extensions of the original set-up are addressed: using longer time series of averaged data of 23 OECD countries (up

  17. Regional Economic Development: An Analysis of Practices, Resources and Outcomes

    E-print Network

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    Levanto The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy The College of William and Mary 16 December 2008 #12--SWOT Index Scores by Question (Virginia) xi #12;The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy Brett Levanto be utilized to perform comparison between economic development regions. #12;The Thomas Jefferson Program

  18. Making the Connection: Disarmament, Development and Economic Conversion. A Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Howard, Ed.

    This document consists of articles which have been selected to provide insight into different aspects of the relationship between the two most pressing and challenging issues of the current time. The first is the need to achieve a just level of economic development for two-thirds of the world's population that live in poverty. The second is the…

  19. Professional Sports Facilities, Franchises and Urban Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dennis Coates; Brad R. Humphreys

    2003-01-01

    Local political and community leaders and the owners of professional sports teams frequently claim that professional sports facilities and franchises are important engines of economic development in urban areas. These structures and teams allegedly contribute millions of dollars of net new spending annually and create hundreds of new jobs, and provide justification for hundreds of millions of dollars of public

  20. Economic--GNP per Capita Learning Module. Development Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Bank, Washington, DC.

    This learning module has two main goals: (1) to increase students' knowledge and understanding of the often complex relationship between sustainable development and the social, economic, and environmental conditions in a country; and (2) to strengthen students' ability to perform statistical calculations, make and interpret maps, charts, and…

  1. Economic development and the impacts of natural disasters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hideki Toya; Mark Skidmore

    2007-01-01

    We use disaster impact data over time to examine the degree to which the human and economic losses from natural disasters are reduced as economies develop. We find that countries with higher income, higher educational attainment, greater openness, more complete financial systems and smaller government experience fewer losses.

  2. Telecommunications Infrastructure and Economic Development: A Simultaneous Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars-Hendrik Roller; Leonard Waverman

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we investigate how telecommunications infrastructure affects economic growth. We use evidence from 21 OECD countries over a 20-year period to examine the impacts that telecommunications developments may have had. We jointly estimate a micromodel for telecommunication investment with a macro production function. We find evidence of a significant positive causal link, especially when a critical mass of

  3. Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nemat Shafik

    1994-01-01

    The relationship between economic development and environmental quality is analyzed econometrically for a large sample of countries over time. The results indicate that some indicators improve with rising incomes (like water and sanitation), others worsen and then improve (particulates and sulfur oxides), and others worsen steadily (dissolved oxygen in rivers, municipal solid wastes, and carbon emissions). Growth tends to be

  4. Energy Costs, Economic and Environmental Analysis Course Development Model

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) has provided this course development model on energy costs as well as economic and environmental analysis. Topics include utility rate analysis, simple payback analysis, compound interest and more. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

  5. Socio-Economic Development and Gender Inequality in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Razvi, Meena; Roth, Gene L.

    2004-01-01

    Gender discrimination in India affects poor women's socio-economic development. This paper describes and interprets recurrent themes indicating that the Indian government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other international human rights organizations show growing concerns regarding gender inequality in India. As it is not within the…

  6. Information Services and Economic Development: New Opportunities for Collaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haak, John; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Gives an historical explanation of Hawaii's Telecommunications and Information Act of 1988. Examines Hawaii's economic development and the formation of an information industry infrastructure using the University of Hawaii's library resources and networks of libraries throughout the state to provide statewide access to information. A time line…

  7. A Portfolio of Community College Initiatives in Rural Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Margaret G.

    Community colleges across the United States have initiated programs that are making an impact on the productivity of rural America and its residents. Profiles of 20 community and technical college initiatives in rural economic development are contained in this report intended for use by community and technical college administrators. The programs…

  8. Industry Clusters An Economic Development Strategy for Minnesota

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Industry Clusters An Economic Development Strategy for Minnesota Preliminary Report January 1999 Project Team #12;3 Table of Contents Executive Summary 4 Defining Industry Clusters 5 WHAT ARE INDUSTRY CLUSTERS? INDUSTRY CLUSTERS IN MINNESOTA INDUSTRY CLUSTER APPROACHES IN MINNESOTA INDUSTRY CLUSTER

  9. Geothermal : Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Whatcom County, Washington

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lesser; Jonathan A

    1992-01-01

    This report estimates the local economic impacts that could be anticipated from the development of a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power plant in eastern Whatcom County, Washington, near Mt. Baker, as shown in Figure 1. The study was commissioned by the Bonneville Power Administration to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning

  10. UNL Research & Economic Development Growth Initiative DRAFT Summary

    E-print Network

    Powers, Robert

    understand UNL's scholarly strengths and relative market position among other research universitiesPage 1 UNL Research & Economic Development Growth Initiative 2012-2017 DRAFT Summary Introduction The University of Nebraska-Lincoln is ranked as one of the top U.S. universities in research growth over the last

  11. Higher Education and Economic Development in South Asian Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faraj, Abdulatif Hussein

    1988-01-01

    The economic development goals of 12 South Asian countries and the means used to meet them through higher education are examined. It is concluded that the trend has brought greater educational opportunities, growing university involvement with the world outside academe, and possible over-reliance on the Japanese model. (MSE)

  12. The Economics of Utility, Agency, Theory, and Human Resource Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ross E. Azevedo; Mesut Akdere

    2008-01-01

    The problem and the solution . Rational self-interest economic behavior of individuals may lead to undesirable outcomes for the institution. The principal—agent problem and its potential solutions deal with the ways that organizations must pay close attention in the relationships to optimize their physical and human resources for organizational success. Human resource development can play a significant role in facilitating

  13. POPULATION GROWTH, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, AND POPULATION CONTROL PROGRAMS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KENT P. SCHWIRIAN

    In this paper the general pattern of world population growth and the variations by major world region are discussed. Comments on the relationship between population growth and economic development are included, but discussion of the implications of population growth for resource utilization is omitted, since the other papers in this symposium deal with this topic. Finally, the likelihood of short-run

  14. FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT, INVESTMENT, PRODUCTIVITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE U.S

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teame Ghirmay

    This paper uses time-series methods and a new Granger causality procedure to examine how financial development affects long-term economic growth in the U.S. It also examines whether there is a feedback or reverse causal effect from the growth processes to financial development. The results show that financial development affects growth by increasing the level of investment and its productivity. On

  15. Modeling Integrated Farm Systems: A Tool for Developing more Economically and Environmentally Sustainable Farming Systems

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A number of models have been developed to represent farm systems, but only a few actually integrate all or most of the major biological, physical, and economic processes of a farm. Farm system models are used for decision support, education, and research purposes. Because of differences in the type ...

  16. Development in Rural Texas: An Assessment of TEEX Economic Development Reports 

    E-print Network

    Calcaneo, Edgar Adrian; Cripe, Ramsey; Davis, Taylor; Gonzalez, Ramon; Grimes, Joshua; Hemby, Olivia; Humphrey, Colby; Keppy, Paul; Surgenor, Ken

    2012-01-01

    The Development in Rural Texas report provides an evaluation and assessment of economic development recommendations made by the Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX). Due to the nature of its work, TEEX seldom has ...

  17. Developability studies before initiation of process development

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Xiaoyu; Xu, Wei; Dukleska, Svetlana; Benchaar, Sabrina; Mengisen, Selina; Antochshuk, Valentyn; Cheung, Jason; Mann, Leslie; Babadjanova, Zulfia; Rowand, Jason; Gunawan, Rico; McCampbell, Alexander; Beaumont, Maribel; Meininger, David; Richardson, Daisy; Ambrogelly, Alexandre

    2013-01-01

    Monoclonal antibodies constitute a robust class of therapeutic proteins. Their stability, resistance to stress conditions and high solubility have allowed the successful development and commercialization of over 40 antibody-based drugs. Although mAbs enjoy a relatively high probability of success compared with other therapeutic proteins, examples of projects that are suspended due to the instability of the molecule are not uncommon. Developability assessment studies have therefore been devised to identify early during process development problems associated with stability, solubility that is insufficient to meet expected dosing or sensitivity to stress. This set of experiments includes short-term stability studies at 2?8 þC, 25 þC and 40 þC, freeze-thaw studies, limited forced degradation studies and determination of the viscosity of high concentration samples. We present here three case studies reflecting three typical outcomes: (1) no major or unexpected degradation is found and the study results are used to inform early identification of degradation pathways and potential critical quality attributes within the Quality by Design framework defined by US Food and Drug Administration guidance documents; (2) identification of specific degradation pathway(s) that do not affect potency of the molecule, with subsequent definition of proper process control and formulation strategies; and (3) identification of degradation that affects potency, resulting in program termination and reallocation of resources. PMID:23883920

  18. Understanding Economic Development and Institutional Change: East Asian Development Model Reconsidered with Implications for China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yongqin Wang

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a coherent framework to characterize the dynamics of economic development and institutional change in\\u000a the East Asian Development Model. In the early stage of development, due to market incompleteness, a government with high\\u000a autonomy and capacity can promote economic development through interlinked and relational arrangements (e.g., industrial policy).\\u000a In later stages, market completion will usually unravel interlinked

  19. Power, Class and Economic Development: A Comment on Ruccio

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anthony Brewer

    \\u000a The main facts of economic growth in less developed countries (LDCs) are now well known.1 From 1950 to 1980, total output grew considerably faster in LDCs, taken together, than in more developed countries (MDCs).\\u000a Population grew faster in LDCs (though it is now slowing down), so the record is less impressive in terms of per-capita income,\\u000a but the LDCs at

  20. Tourism development and economic growth: A closer look at panels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chien-Chiang Lee; Chun-Ping Chang

    2008-01-01

    This paper applies the new heterogeneous panel cointegration technique to re-investigate the long-run comovements and causal relationships between tourism development and economic growth for OECD and nonOECD countries (including those in Asia, Latin America and Sub-Sahara Africa) for the 1990–2002 period. On the global scale, after allowing for the heterogeneous country effect, a cointegrated relationship between GDP and tourism development

  1. Cultural differences and economic development of 31 countries.

    PubMed

    Nadler, Scott; Zemanek, James E

    2006-08-01

    To update and extend the empirical research of Hofstede, the influence of culture on 31 nations' economic development was examined and support for modernization theory provided. Per capita gross domestic product, literacy rates, the negative of the population growth rate, and life expectancy development data were collected from 31 countries. The pattern of correlations among measures provided partial support for Hofstede's 1980 findings. PMID:17037480

  2. Compact Process Development at Babcock & Wilcox

    SciTech Connect

    Eric Shaber; Jeffrey Phillips

    2012-03-01

    Multiple process approaches have been used historically to manufacture cylindrical nuclear fuel compacts. Scale-up of fuel compacting was required for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) project to achieve an economically viable automated production process capable of providing a minimum of 10 compacts/minute with high production yields. In addition, the scale-up effort was required to achieve matrix density equivalent to baseline historical production processes, and allow compacting at fuel packing fractions up to 46% by volume. The scale-up approach of jet milling, fluid-bed overcoating, and hot-press compacting adopted in the U.S. Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) Fuel Development Program involves significant paradigm shifts to capitalize on distinct advantages in simplicity, yield, and elimination of mixed waste. A series of compaction trials have been completed to optimize compaction conditions of time, temperature, and forming pressure using natural uranium oxycarbide (NUCO) fuel at packing fractions exceeding 46% by volume. Results from these trials are included. The scale-up effort is nearing completion with the process installed and operable using nuclear fuel materials. Final process testing is in progress to certify the process for manufacture of qualification test fuel compacts in 2012.

  3. Activated carbon from pecan shell: process description and economic analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chilton Ng; Wayne E Marshall; Ramu M Rao; Rishipal R Bansode; Jacques N Losso

    2003-01-01

    Granular activated carbons derived from pecan shells have been shown to adsorb a variety of metal and organic species in various processing wastewaters. Their effectiveness is equivalent to or exceeds comparable commercial carbons in this regard. The objectives of this study were to develop process flow diagrams for the large-scale production of pecan shell-based carbons derived from steam or phosphoric

  4. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Qiang; Bertness, Mark D.; Bruno, John F.; Li, Bo; Chen, Guoqian; Coverdale, Tyler C.; Altieri, Andrew H.; Bai, Junhong; Sun, Tao; Pennings, Steven C.; Liu, Jianguo; Ehrlich, Paul R.; Cui, Baoshan

    2014-08-01

    Despite their value, coastal ecosystems are globally threatened by anthropogenic impacts, yet how these impacts are driven by economic development is not well understood. We compiled a multifaceted dataset to quantify coastal trends and examine the role of economic growth in China's coastal degradation since the 1950s. Although China's coastal population growth did not change following the 1978 economic reforms, its coastal economy increased by orders of magnitude. All 15 coastal human impacts examined increased over time, especially after the reforms. Econometric analysis revealed positive relationships between most impacts and GDP across temporal and spatial scales, often lacking dropping thresholds. These relationships generally held when influences of population growth were addressed by analyzing per capita impacts, and when population density was included as explanatory variables. Historical trends in physical and biotic indicators showed that China's coastal ecosystems changed little or slowly between the 1950s and 1978, but have degraded at accelerated rates since 1978. Thus economic growth has been the cause of accelerating human damage to China's coastal ecosystems. China's GDP per capita remains very low. Without strict conservation efforts, continuing economic growth will further degrade China's coastal ecosystems.

  5. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China.

    PubMed

    He, Qiang; Bertness, Mark D; Bruno, John F; Li, Bo; Chen, Guoqian; Coverdale, Tyler C; Altieri, Andrew H; Bai, Junhong; Sun, Tao; Pennings, Steven C; Liu, Jianguo; Ehrlich, Paul R; Cui, Baoshan

    2014-01-01

    Despite their value, coastal ecosystems are globally threatened by anthropogenic impacts, yet how these impacts are driven by economic development is not well understood. We compiled a multifaceted dataset to quantify coastal trends and examine the role of economic growth in China's coastal degradation since the 1950s. Although China's coastal population growth did not change following the 1978 economic reforms, its coastal economy increased by orders of magnitude. All 15 coastal human impacts examined increased over time, especially after the reforms. Econometric analysis revealed positive relationships between most impacts and GDP across temporal and spatial scales, often lacking dropping thresholds. These relationships generally held when influences of population growth were addressed by analyzing per capita impacts, and when population density was included as explanatory variables. Historical trends in physical and biotic indicators showed that China's coastal ecosystems changed little or slowly between the 1950s and 1978, but have degraded at accelerated rates since 1978. Thus economic growth has been the cause of accelerating human damage to China's coastal ecosystems. China's GDP per capita remains very low. Without strict conservation efforts, continuing economic growth will further degrade China's coastal ecosystems. PMID:25104138

  6. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China

    PubMed Central

    He, Qiang; Bertness, Mark D.; Bruno, John F.; Li, Bo; Chen, Guoqian; Coverdale, Tyler C.; Altieri, Andrew H.; Bai, Junhong; Sun, Tao; Pennings, Steven C.; Liu, Jianguo; Ehrlich, Paul R.; Cui, Baoshan

    2014-01-01

    Despite their value, coastal ecosystems are globally threatened by anthropogenic impacts, yet how these impacts are driven by economic development is not well understood. We compiled a multifaceted dataset to quantify coastal trends and examine the role of economic growth in China's coastal degradation since the 1950s. Although China's coastal population growth did not change following the 1978 economic reforms, its coastal economy increased by orders of magnitude. All 15 coastal human impacts examined increased over time, especially after the reforms. Econometric analysis revealed positive relationships between most impacts and GDP across temporal and spatial scales, often lacking dropping thresholds. These relationships generally held when influences of population growth were addressed by analyzing per capita impacts, and when population density was included as explanatory variables. Historical trends in physical and biotic indicators showed that China's coastal ecosystems changed little or slowly between the 1950s and 1978, but have degraded at accelerated rates since 1978. Thus economic growth has been the cause of accelerating human damage to China's coastal ecosystems. China's GDP per capita remains very low. Without strict conservation efforts, continuing economic growth will further degrade China's coastal ecosystems. PMID:25104138

  7. A Review of Local Economic and Employment Development Policy Approaches in OECD Countries: Case Studies of Regional Economic Development Approaches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Potter; Marco Marchese

    2010-01-01

    This report collects five case studies of regional economic development models that have been considered of interest to Wales and similar regions. For each of the five strategies the aim has been to analyse rationale and conceptual framework, policy pillars, delivery mechanisms and potential transferability to Wales. The case studies have been prepared following a qualitative approach that has consisted

  8. Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) International Development with Economics

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) International Development with Economics www.bath.ac.uk/study © Dr Roy Maconachie International Development with Economics is a broad social science subject looking-depth understanding of development economics and finance. The ability to manipulate economic theory provides valuable

  9. Gravimelt Process development. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-06-01

    This final report contains the results of a bench-scale program to continue the development of the TRW proprietary Gravimelt Process for chemically cleaning coal. This project consisted of two major efforts, a laboratory study aimed at identifying parameters which would influence the operation of a bench unit for desulfurization and demineralization of coal and the design, construction and operation of two types of continuous plug-flow type bench-scale fused caustic leachers. This present bench scale project has demonstrated modes for the continuous operation of fused caustic leaching of coal at coal throughputs of 1 to 5 pounds per hour. The remaining process unit operations of leach solutions regeneration and coal washing and filtration should be tested at bench scale together with fused caustic leaching of coal to demonstrate the complete Gravimelt Process. 22 figures, 11 tables.

  10. Techno-economic considerations in the commercial microwave processing of mineral ores.

    PubMed

    Bradshaw, Steven; Louw, Willem; van der Merwe, Cariné; Reader, Howard; Kingman, Sam; Celuch, Ma?gorzata; Kijewska, Weronika

    2007-01-01

    Microwave heating of mineral ores had previously been shown to result in process benefits such as reduced strength and improved mineral liberation, but the economics of the process were not attractive and no attention was given to feasible scale-up. This paper provides an overview of the multi-disciplinary approach that has been required to address these failings and develop the technology to pilot scale. Thermal stress simulations show that the operation at high power densities and short residence times is the optimal operating strategy. Experiments using high power densities (approximately 10(9) W/m3 absorbing phase) and short residence times (approximately 0.1 s) were used to confirm that the benefits can now be achieved at economically viable microwave energy inputs (approximately 1 kWh/t). In order to design applicators, reliable measurement of effective microwave properties of crushed ores is required. A method has been developed to extract dielectric properties when the sample thickness is a multiple of half a guide wavelength at some point in the measurement band. Finite difference time domain modeling has been used to design and simulate applicators. A transverse E field applicator with a reflection compensating step has been developed, and a unit with a capacity of > 10 tons/h is being tested. Preliminary economic analysis shows that the overall cost of the process will be between US $0.16 - 0.85 per ton of ore. PMID:17847677

  11. Software Development Standard Processes (SDSP)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lavin, Milton L.; Wang, James J.; Morillo, Ronald; Mayer, John T.; Jamshidian, Barzia; Shimizu, Kenneth J.; Wilkinson, Belinda M.; Hihn, Jairus M.; Borgen, Rosana B.; Meyer, Kenneth N.; Crean, Kathleen A.; Rinker, George C.; Smith, Thomas P.; Lum, Karen T.; Hanna, Robert A.; Erickson, Daniel E.; Gamble, Edward B., Jr.; Morgan, Scott C.; Kelsay, Michael G.; Newport, Brian J.; Lewicki, Scott A.; Stipanuk, Jeane G.; Cooper, Tonja M.; Meshkat, Leila

    2011-01-01

    A JPL-created set of standard processes is to be used throughout the lifecycle of software development. These SDSPs cover a range of activities, from management and engineering activities, to assurance and support activities. These processes must be applied to software tasks per a prescribed set of procedures. JPL s Software Quality Improvement Project is currently working at the behest of the JPL Software Process Owner to ensure that all applicable software tasks follow these procedures. The SDSPs are captured as a set of 22 standards in JPL s software process domain. They were developed in-house at JPL by a number of Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) residing primarily within the Engineering and Science Directorate, but also from the Business Operations Directorate and Safety and Mission Success Directorate. These practices include not only currently performed best practices, but also JPL-desired future practices in key thrust areas like software architecting and software reuse analysis. Additionally, these SDSPs conform to many standards and requirements to which JPL projects are beholden.

  12. The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development was started in 1987 by Professors Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt. The Project's primary goal is "to understand and foster the conditions under which sustained, self-determined social and economic development is achieved among American Indian nations." To accomplish this goal, the Project has sponsored a number of conferences and events, and as also offered advisory services to interested persons and tribal leaders. The "Publications" area is a good way to take a look at the fruits of their labors, as it includes the archives of the Joint Occasional Papers on Native Affairs and a variety of field reports, such as "Renewing Beauty: Options for Navajo Land Management and Decision Making".

  13. Solar thermal upper stage: Economic advantage and development status

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adams, Alan M.

    1995-06-01

    A solar thermal upper stage (STUS) is envisioned as a propulsive concept for the future. The STUS will be used for low Earth orbit (LEO) to geostationary-Earth orbit (GEO) transfer and for planetary exploration missions. The STUS offers significant performance gains over conventional chemical propulsion systems. These performance gains translate into a more economical, more efficient method of placing useful payloads in space and maximizing the benefits derived from space activity. This paper will discuss the economical advantages of an STUS compared to conventional chemical propulsion systems, the potential market for an STUS, and the recent activity in the development of an STUS. The results of this assessment combined with the performance gains, will provide a strong justification for the development of an STUS.

  14. Solar thermal upper stage: Economic advantage and development status

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Adams, Alan M.

    1995-01-01

    A solar thermal upper stage (STUS) is envisioned as a propulsive concept for the future. The STUS will be used for low Earth orbit (LEO) to geostationary-Earth orbit (GEO) transfer and for planetary exploration missions. The STUS offers significant performance gains over conventional chemical propulsion systems. These performance gains translate into a more economical, more efficient method of placing useful payloads in space and maximizing the benefits derived from space activity. This paper will discuss the economical advantages of an STUS compared to conventional chemical propulsion systems, the potential market for an STUS, and the recent activity in the development of an STUS. The results of this assessment combined with the performance gains, will provide a strong justification for the development of an STUS.

  15. Visualization of the develop process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sundberg, Linda K.; Wallraff, Gregory M.; Friz, Alexander M.; Davis, Blake W.; Swanson, Sally A.; Brock, Phillip J.; Rettner, Charles T.; Hinsberg, William D.

    2011-04-01

    Variations in critical dimension (CD) as a function of the proximity of an individual feature to other exposed areas are continuing to be a problem in the lithography process. For example, the CD uniformity (CDU) may degrade significantly depending on the proximity to densely or sparsely exposed areas. These pattern density effects will continue to get worse and become more complex as feature sizes decrease. Pattern density effects are believed to arise from several sources and may simultaneously contribute to a net observed CD variation [1]. One such source, develop loading, results in local depletion of developer in highly exposed regions, reducing the dissolution rate and thereby locally affecting CD. In this report we describe our results in visualizing develop loading by using pH sensitive dyes. Two different types of dyes are explored: acid/base pH indicators and a fluorescent dye bound to the resist polymer.

  16. Reflections on the Task Force Model in Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andy Pike

    2001-01-01

    The task force has re-emerged as a mechanism for co-ordinating economic development activity in the context of the current New Labour administration's emphasis upon including 'stakeholders' in 'joined-up' approaches to 'cross-cutting' issues. Recent experience in the North East region of England reveals both prospects and problems in the way task forces have been utilised at employer, sectoral and territorial levels

  17. The Creative Industries, Governance and Economic Development: A UK Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Calvin Taylor

    The title of ‘creative economy’ is much sought after by cities around the world. This new soubriquet in the vocabulary of urban esteem captures at a glance the zeitgeistian coupling of culture with economic value. With a renewed emphasis on place and the qualities of locality as the locus of development,\\u000a there is a strong interest from policy-makers in the

  18. Tourism's Impact on Economic Growth and Development in Spain

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    Tourism's Impact on Economic Growth and Development in Spain Jessica Dennis #12;Spanish Civil War,500,000,000 International Tourism Receipts 1960-2008 (US$ in year 2000) #12;$0 $200,000,000,000 $400,000,000,000 $600 (US$ in the year 2000) #12;0.00% 1.00% 2.00% 3.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% International Tourism Receipts

  19. The Important Role of Physics in Industry and Economic Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarado, Igor

    2012-10-01

    Good Physics requires good education. Good education translates into good Physics professionals. The process starts early with Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education programs for Middle and High-School students. Then it continues with competitive higher education programs (2 years and 4 years) at colleges and universities designed to satisfy the needs of industry and academia. The research work conducted by graduate students in Physics (and Engineering Physics) frequently translates into new discoveries and innovations that have direct impact in society (e.g. Proton Cancer Therapy). Some of the major and largest scientific experiments in the world today are physics-centered (e.g. Large Hadron Collider-LHC) that generate employment and business opportunities for thousands of scientists, academic research groups and companies from around the world. New superconducting magnets and advanced materials that have resulted from previous research in physics are commonly used in these extreme experiments. But not all physicists will end up working at these large high-energy physics experiments, universities or National Laboratories (e.g. Fermilab); industry requires new generations of (industrial) physicists in such sectors as semiconductor, energy, space, life sciences, defense and advanced manufacturing. This work presents an industry perspective about the role of Physics in economic development and the need for a collaborative Academic-Industry approach for a more effective translational research. A series of examples will be presented with emphasis in the measurement, control, diagnostics and computing capabilities needed to translate the science (physics) into innovations and practical solutions that can benefit society as a whole.

  20. Development of an economic skill building intervention to promote women's safety and child development in Karachi, Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Hirani, Saima Shams; Karmaliani, Rozina; McFarlane, Judith; Asad, Nargis; Madhani, Farhana; Shehzad, Shireen; Ali, Nazbano Ahmed

    2010-02-01

    Violence against women is a global epidemic phenomenon that can result in major mental health problems. Not only are women affected but also the health and well-being of their children are in jeopardy. To prevent violence and promote women's safety, several strategies have been tested in various cultural contexts. This article describes the process of developing and validating an economic skill building intervention for women of an urban slum area of Karachi, Pakistan. The purpose of the intervention is to increase women's economic independence, promote women's safety, and improve the behavioral functioning of their children. PMID:20070221

  1. Economic Development in Saint Paul's Promise Neighborhood MURP/MPP Capstone Paper

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Economic Development in Saint Paul's Promise Neighborhood MURP/MPP Capstone Paper In Partial Allen, Capstone Instructor #12;Economic Development in Saint Paul's Promise Neighborhood Page 1 ECONOMIC AND MICHELLE WEBB HUMPHREY SCHOOL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS CAPSTONE PROJECT - WILDER FOUNDATION #12;Economic

  2. Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida and St. Johns County

    E-print Network

    Florida, University of

    Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida and St. Johns County Sciences, Food and Resource Economics Department Gainesville, Florida October 17, 2006 Food and Resource Economics Department #12;i Economic Impacts of the World Golf Village Development for Northeast Florida

  3. Read All About It! Understanding the Role of Media in Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher J. Coyne; Peter T. Leeson

    2004-01-01

    SummaryThis paper explores the role of media in economic development. In particular, we seek to outline the conditions under which the media contributes to the successful adoption of policies aimed at economic progress. Our core thesis is that successful economic development requires the coordination of efforts by politicians with the interests of the populace on policies that bring about economic

  4. Development of mild gasification process

    SciTech Connect

    Chu, C.I.C.; Gillespie, B.L.

    1987-11-01

    Under a previous contract with Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC), Department of Energy (DOE) Contract No. AC21-84MC21108, UCC Research Corporation (UCCRC) built and tested a 1500 lb/day Mild Gasification Process Development Unit (MGU). The MGU, as tested under the previous contract, is shown in Figure 1. Testing completed under the previous contract showed that good quality hydrocarbon liquids and good quality char can be produced in the MGU. However, the MGU is not optimized. The primary objectives of the current project are to optimize the MGU and determine the suitability of char for several commercial applications. The program consists of four tasks; Task 1 -- Test Plan; Task 2 -- Optimization of Mild Gasification Process; Task 3 -- Evaluation of Char and Char/Coal Blends as a Boiler/Blast Furnace Fuel; and Task 4 -- Analysis of Data and Preparation of Final Report. Task 1 has been completed while work continued on Task 2.

  5. Microfiltration of thin stillage: Process simulation and economic analyses

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In plant scale operations, multistage membrane systems have been adopted for cost minimization. We considered design optimization and operation of a continuous microfiltration (MF) system for the corn dry grind process. The objectives were to develop a model to simulate a multistage MF system, optim...

  6. Process Development for Nanostructured Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect

    Elam, Jeffrey W.

    2015-01-01

    Photovoltaic manufacturing is an emerging industry that promises a carbon-free, nearly limitless source of energy for our nation. However, the high-temperature manufacturing processes used for conventional silicon-based photovoltaics are extremely energy-intensive and expensive. This high cost imposes a critical barrier to the widespread implementation of photovoltaic technology. Argonne National Laboratory and its partners recently invented new methods for manufacturing nanostructured photovoltaic devices that allow dramatic savings in materials, process energy, and cost. These methods are based on atomic layer deposition, a thin film synthesis technique that has been commercialized for the mass production of semiconductor microelectronics. The goal of this project was to develop these low-cost fabrication methods for the high efficiency production of nanostructured photovoltaics, and to demonstrate these methods in solar cell manufacturing. We achieved this goal in two ways: 1) we demonstrated the benefits of these coatings in the laboratory by scaling-up the fabrication of low-cost dye sensitized solar cells; 2) we used our coating technology to reduce the manufacturing cost of solar cells under development by our industrial partners.

  7. An Integrated Model of Subnational Regional and Urban Economic Development: Framework of Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    AMEETA JAIN

    2009-01-01

    The mechanism of subnational regional and urban economic development has been studied extensively by economists, geographers, town planners and other academics. The existing widely varying theories of regional economic development are insufficient on their own in explaining how a region can develop and prosper. Each theory has evaluated a few facets of regional economic development. Research from these different perspectives

  8. SUSTAINABLE HUMAN RESOURECE DEVELOPMENT DECENTRALISED GOVERNANCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    HALIMA SADIA RIZVI

    2007-01-01

    Human resource development requires the provision of basic necessities of life for the existence and survival at grass root levels. Sustainable human resource development can be attained and sustained only when the people at large have access to opportunity, information, communication, knowledge decision making, empowerment and implementation. All these levels create a smooth road towards economic development. India a nation

  9. Wealth and well-being, economic growth, and integral development.

    PubMed

    Bunge, Mario

    2012-01-01

    This essay tackles a bimillenary problem in psychology, ethics, economics, and political philosophy: that of the relations between wealth and well-being. What are they, and should we live for pleasure, or rather seek to live a full and useful life? This is the ancient dilemma between hedonism, the cult of pleasure, and eudemonism, the search for a good life. Economists, almost without exception, have opted for hedonism, but they have not found out what percentage of the goods that ordinary people want are not merchandises. This gap is currently being filled by psychologists, sociologists, socioeconomists, and other workers in the new "science of happiness". Their main finding, that happiness is not for sale, might surprise the orthodox economists. On the social level, the former problem, concerning individuals, gets translated into the question of national development: what kind of development should we seek, and for whom? In particular, should economic growth be prioritized, or should we promote the simultaneous development of all sectors of society, including the political and cultural? In either case, should development benefit the chosen few or everybody? And should it enhance the well-being of the individual and make that of her offspring possible? This problem, of course, lies at the intersection of three sciences--psychology, economics, and political science--and two chapters of philosophy--ethics and political philosophy. Consequently, anyone daring to propose original solutions to the problem in question will risk being criticized by experts distributed among these five fields, who are not used to talking to one another. PMID:22403910

  10. Catalytic Processing of Waste Plastics With\\/Without Petroleum Resid—An Economic Evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Rahman; M. N. Siddiqui; H. H. Redhwi; M. F. Ali

    2006-01-01

    Economic evaluation of processing mixed plastic waste (MPW) with\\/without vacuum residue (VR) into a heavy liquid is presented for Saudi Arabian conditions. Profitability analysis was carried out for different plant capacities, capital investment and product selling price. The facility is economically not viable at a capacity of processing 100,000 TPA MPW without VR. It was concluded that processing of MPW

  11. Status and economics of SRC-I coal liquefaction development

    SciTech Connect

    Tao, J.C.; Jones, J.P. III

    1982-11-01

    The results of commercial plant economic analysis indicate that the SRC-I technology is economically viable in the long-term. To achieve commercialization by the mid-1990s, it is necessary to proceed with the design, construction, and operation of the demonstration plant to prove the technical feasibility, economic viability, and environmental acceptability of the SRC-I technology. Today, synthetic fuels development no longer holds the urgency that elevated it to a position of national prominence a few years ago. However, most analysts agree that the underlying circumstances that will determine the U.S. energy future are unchanged. World oil supplies are dwindling, and the largest source of U.S. petroleum supplies remains one of the most politically volatile regions. In fact, the oil glut proclaimed only a few months ago shows signs of evaporating. Already, spot shortages of crucial energy products have been reported-most notably transportation fuels. The U.S. still has within its borders the largest coal reserves in the free world.

  12. Culturally appropriate vegetables and economic development. A contextual analysis.

    PubMed

    Adekunle, Bamidele; Filson, Glen; Sethuratnam, Sridharan

    2012-08-01

    This paper examines the implications of the demand for ethno-cultural vegetables (ECV) by South-Asians, the largest cultural group in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), on their potential for Ontario agricultural economic development and significant consumer health benefits. A conceptual framework is presented to explain the relationship among factors such as change in demographics, demand for locally produced ECV and both the potential agricultural and health benefits. Analysis of cross-sectional data collected in 2009 also indicates that the respondents have certain characteristics that are pertinent to understanding why they shop in particular stores and their perceptions about what constitutes quality. In sum, household size and percentage spent on vegetables predict their expenditure on ECV, an indication that South-Asians resident in the GTA will continue to demand their ECV. It is thus a niche market that farmers can explore if its potential economic value to them is clarified and the government can provide sufficient support by increasing awareness and creating appropriate economic incentives for farmers willing to grow these vegetables. PMID:22516843

  13. 11.471 Targeting the Poor: Small Firms, Workers, and Local Economic Development, Fall 2004

    E-print Network

    Tendler, Judith

    Covers conditions under which public-sector policies, programs, and projects succeed in enhancing the economic activities of poorer groups and micro-regions in developing countries. Topics include local economic development; ...

  14. 31 CFR 537.413 - Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma. 537.413 Section 537...Interpretations § 537.413 Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma. The sale to a foreign...

  15. 31 CFR 537.413 - Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma. 537.413 Section 537...Interpretations § 537.413 Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma. The sale to a foreign...

  16. 31 CFR 537.413 - Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma. 537.413 Section 537...Interpretations § 537.413 Sale of interest in economic development projects in Burma. The sale to a foreign...

  17. Process and economic model of in-field heavy oil upgrading using aqueous pyrolysis

    SciTech Connect

    Thorsness, C. B., LLNL

    1997-01-21

    A process and economic model for aqueous pyrolysis in-field upgrading of heavy oil has been developed. The model has been constructed using the ASPEN PLUS chemical process simulator. The process features cracking of heavy oil at moderate temperatures in the presence of water to increase oil quality and thus the value of the oil. Calculations with the model indicate that for a 464 Mg/day (3,000 bbl/day) process, which increases the oil API gravity of the processed oil from 13.5{degree} to 22.4{degree}, the required value increase of the oil would need to be at least $2.80/Mg{center_dot}{degree}API($0.40/bbl{center_dot}{degree}API) to make the process economically attractive. This level of upgrading has been demonstrated in preliminary experiments with candidate catalysts. For improved catalysts capable of having the coke make and increasing the pyrolysis rate, a required price increase for the oil as low as $1.34/Mg{center_dot}{degree}API ($0.21/bbl{center_dot}{degree}API)has been calculated.

  18. From economic development to the development of knowledge. A study on the relations between different works of Albert O. Hirschman

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elies Furió-BLASCO

    2002-01-01

    In 1958 Hirschman's The Strategy of Economic Development irrupted in the development economics scene. His work provided the explanations of the economic development with a new point of view, assessing productive activities by their capacity to inducing new activity. This book also induced in its author the studies about non-market mechanisms and their relevance in the correction of disequilibria. This

  19. Constitutionality of state economic incentives for energy development

    SciTech Connect

    Skiffington, L.J.

    1981-01-01

    In addition to the federal loan and price guarantees of the 1980 Energy Security Act, many energy-rich states are providing financial incentives to energy companies to spur development of their energy resources and to stimulate their economies. State incentives, however, may be restricted by constitutional debt restrictions, which expressly restrict governmental economic aid to private enterprise, and by the public purpose doctrine, which limits public expenditures to those areas serving public purposes. A discussion of constitutional controls on public aid to private enterprise suggests several legal tools state and local governments may take to resolve constitutional problems. 158 references.

  20. The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human Development*

    PubMed Central

    Cunha, Flavio; Heckman, James J.

    2009-01-01

    Recent research on the economics of human development deepens understanding of the origins of inequality and excellence. It draws on and contributes to personality psychology and the psychology of human development. Inequalities in family environments and investments in children are substantial. They causally affect the development of capabilities. Both cognitive and noncognitive capabilities determine success in life but to varying degrees for different outcomes. An empirically determined technology of capability formation reveals that capabilities are self-productive and cross-fertilizing and can be enhanced by investment. Investments in capabilities are relatively more productive at some stages of a child’s life cycle than others. Optimal child investment strategies differ depending on target outcomes of interest and on the nature of adversity in a child’s early years. For some configurations of early disadvantage and for some desired outcomes, it is efficient to invest relatively more in the later years of childhood than in the early years. PMID:20209045

  1. Regional Economic Development: Evaluation of a Local Initiative in North Dakota

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Larry Leistritz; Dean Bangsund

    1998-01-01

    Widespread economic problems in rural areas have stimulated interest in rural economic development, and particularly in locally-based development initiatives. This paper describes and evaluates a state\\/local economic development initiative that has been operational in North Dakota for almost ten years-creation of regional economic development funds financed by local option sales taxes. Data collected through interviews with managers of seven such

  2. Development of leachate disposal processes

    SciTech Connect

    O`Leary, K. [Rust Environment & Infrastructure, Naperville, IL (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Through the active, closure, and post-closure periods of landfill operation, the disposal of leachate can have substantial cost implications for the owner/operator of a site. Selection and utilization of a leachate handling methodology should depend on consideration of the problem in several areas: (1) regulatory requirements, (2) nature of leachate, (3) operational considerations, (4) available disposal options. Failure to solve this problem without consideration of all of the constraints can lead to management solutions that are excessively expensive to construct and operate, are difficult to operate, or provide potential compliance problems. Areas 1, 2, 3 involve non-technology issues that are often given cursory consideration in the design of post generation leachate management systems but can have substantial impact on leachate management costs. Current implementation of post generation leachate management systems tends to focus principally on technology-related issues. This paper discusses considerations of developing and implementing processes for leachate disposal, and highlights processes for post-generation management of leachate. Particular emphasis is placed on leachate recirculation.

  3. Research on the Innovative Service Platform of Agricultural Economic Development - A Case Study on New Agricultural Cooperative Economic Organization Development Model of Yunnan Province in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yingmei Gong; Youjin Gu; Yougang Wang

    2010-01-01

    The development of the Agricultural Cooperative Economic Organizations (ACEO) is an important service platform to promote the industrialization of agriculture, increase farmers' income, and solve the \\

  4. Multistage mental process for economic choice in capuchins

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Camillo Padoa-Schioppa; Lucia Jandolo; Elisabetta Visalberghi

    2006-01-01

    We studied economic choice behavior in capuchin monkeys by offering them to choose between two different foods available in variable amounts. When monkeys selected between familiar foods, their choice patterns were well-described in terms of relative value of the two foods. A leading view in economics and biology is that such behavior results from stimulus-response associations acquired through experience. According

  5. Multi-Stage Mental Process for Economic Choice in Capuchins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padoa-Schioppa, Camillo; Jandolo, Lucia; Visalberghi, Elisabetta

    2006-01-01

    We studied economic choice behavior in capuchin monkeys by offering them to choose between two different foods available in variable amounts. When monkeys selected between familiar foods, their choice patterns were well-described in terms of relative value of the two foods. A leading view in economics and biology is that such behavior results from…

  6. IMPLEMENTING BUSINESS POLICIES WITHIN THE AUSTRALIAN CONTEXT: THE ROLE OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS WITHIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    YVONNE BRUNETTO; RODNEY FARR-WHARTON

    2005-01-01

    One strategy used by some Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) governments to stimulate national competitiveness is to encourage innovation via programmes aimed at assisting firms to collaborate. Economic Development Officers operate within a multi-government bureaucratic maze in order to implement these programmes. This paper examines what factors affect the way Economic Development Officers implement an array of government

  7. Research on the Quantitative Relationship Between China's Railway Transportation Industry and National Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Weidong Li

    2008-01-01

    Railway transportation industry plays an important role in national economic development. Domestic and foreign scholars have studied on the relationship between railway transportation industry and national economic development with qualitative methods and obtained some useful conclusions. But the quantitative research about the relation of railway transportation industry and national economic development is still a little. In this paper cointegration theory

  8. Increasing the Economic Development Benefits of Higher Education in Michigan. Working Paper No. 04-106

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartik, Timothy J.

    2004-01-01

    This paper considers how a state such as Michigan can increase the economic development benefits of higher education. Research evidence suggests that higher education increases local economic development principally by increasing the quality of the local workforce, and secondarily by increasing local innovative ideas. These economic development

  9. Department of Economic Development EMERGENCY RULE MAKING START-UP NY Program

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Department of Economic Development EMERGENCY RULE MAKING START-UP NY Program I.D. No. EDV-31: Addition of Part 220 to Title 5 NYCRR. Statutory authority: Economic Development Law, art. 21, sections 435 economic development. Regulatory action is required to implement the START-UP NY program. The legislation

  10. GEK1018: Economic Issues in the Developing World Summer Term, AY2013/14

    E-print Network

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    GEK1018: Economic Issues in the Developing World Summer Term, AY2013/14 Module Coordinator: Dr socio- economic landscape of developing countries in Asia I general and with special reference relevant. They will also gain some useful experience on the economic development of Singapore. Given

  11. APORDE -African Programme on Rethinking Development Economics 5 -19 May 2011, Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-print Network

    Wagner, Stephan

    APORDE - African Programme on Rethinking Development Economics 5 - 19 May 2011, Johannesburg, South Development Economics APORDE) will be held in Johannesburg (South Africa) from the 5th to the 19th of May 2011. APORDE is a high-level training programme in development economics which aims to build capacity

  12. Development of pulsed processes for the manufacture of solar cells

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Minnucci, J. A.

    1978-01-01

    The results of a 1-year program to develop the processes required for low-energy ion implantation for the automated production of silicon solar cells are described. The program included: (1) demonstrating state-of-the-art ion implantation equipment and designing an automated ion implanter, (2) making efforts to improve the performance of ion-implanted solar cells to 16.5 percent AM1, (3) developing a model of the pulse annealing process used in solar cell production, and (4) preparing an economic analysis of the process costs of ion implantation.

  13. A process model for packaged software development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Carmel; Shirley Becker

    1995-01-01

    As software development migrates from its roots as a process for building a custom product to a process for building packaged products, there is a greater need for an appropriate product development process model that is market-oriented. Field data suggests that process models are not widely used in the package industry. An overview of normative process models in the software

  14. Developing a model for assessing biomass processing technologies within a local biomass processing depot.

    PubMed

    Bals, Bryan D; Dale, Bruce E

    2012-02-01

    One solution to the supply chain challenges of cellulosic biofuels is a network of local biomass processing depots (LBPDs) that can produce stable, dense, intermediate commodities and valuable co-products prior to shipping to a refinery. A techno-economic model of an LBPD facility that could incorporate multiple technologies and products was developed in Microsoft Excel to be used to economically and environmentally evaluate potential LBPD systems. In this study, three technologies (ammonia fiber expansion or AFEX™ pretreatment, fast pyrolysis, and leaf protein processing) were assessed for profitability. Pyrolysis was slightly profitable under the base conditions, leaf protein processing was highly unprofitable, and AFEX was profitable if biomass drying was not required. This model can be adapted to multiple feedstocks and end uses, including both economic and environmental modeling. PMID:22209136

  15. Eastern University's MBA in Economic Development: Insights for Development Management Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Thomas Ridington; Chris Kapp

    2009-01-01

    Evangelical Christian development organizations have long realized that mis- sion effectiveness is largely contingent on the skills and abilities possessed by their human capital. A crucial way to create that human capital is through development-oriented academic programs, especially those focused on devel- oping skills required by grassroots personnel and their support organizations. A review of Eastern University's MBA in economic

  16. Partners in Growth: Business-Higher Education Development Strategies. Education-Economic Development Series, No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Peter H.; Brisson, Candice

    Strategies to facilitate better cooperation between business and higher education institutions are explored with a focus on policies that colleges, businesses, and public policy makers can implement to utilize educational resources for economic development. Consideration is given to: developing informal university-industry networks, universities…

  17. Linking Workforce Development to Economic Development: A Casebook for Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothwell, William J., Ed.; Gerity, Patrick E., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    "Linking Workforce Development to Economic Development: A Casebook for Community Colleges" is a compilation of best practice examples, which illustrate what it takes for community colleges to achieve their goal of helping people acquire education and skills, helping employers, supporting communities, and building the nation. The book is written…

  18. National Use of Asbestos in Relation to Economic Development

    PubMed Central

    Le, Giang Vinh; Takahashi, Ken; Karjalainen, Antti; Delgermaa, Vanya; Hoshuyama, Tsutomu; Miyamura, Yoshitaka; Furuya, Sugio; Higashi, Toshiaki; Pan, Guowei; Wagner, Gregory

    2010-01-01

    Background National disparities in asbestos use will likely lead to an unequal burden of asbestos diseases. Objectives As economic status may be linked to asbestos use, we assessed, globally, the relationship between indicators of national economic development and asbestos use. Methods For the 135 countries that have ever used asbestos, per capita asbestos use (kilograms per capita per year) was compared with per capita gross domestic product (GDP) in 1990 Geary–Khamis dollars (GKD) for the period 1920–2003. Countries were grouped into three income levels (high, middle, and low) that were adapted from the 2003 World Bank categories. Results The historical pattern of asbestos use followed the environmental Kuznets curve in which use by high-income countries peaked when incomes attained 10,000–15,000 GKD and essentially ceased at income levels over 20,000 GKD. Currently, middle- and low-income countries are increasing their use of asbestos, closely following the paths once traced by higher income countries. Conclusions Developing countries have the opportunity to eliminate asbestos use sooner than high-income countries and thus reduce the future burden of asbestos diseases. PMID:20056590

  19. Affiliative processes and vocal development.

    PubMed

    Snowdon, C T

    1997-01-15

    Affiliative behavior is often expressed through communication, and the nature of affiliative interactions affects the ontogeny of communication. I presented three phenomena that demonstrate the importance of affiliation in vocal development in marmosets and tamarins, but the results have parallels in many other species including birds, dolphins, and humans. Pygmy marmosets use trill-like vocalizations to maintain contact with other group members. Individuals change subtle aspects of call structure when they encounter new social groups or acquire a new mate. This process of vocal accommodation is common in many other species. Infant pygmy marmosets go through a stage of "babbling." producing long sequences of vocalizations that have several similarities to the babbling of human infants. Babbling infants receive more social attention than nonbabbling infants, and these social interactions may shape vocalizations towards more adult forms. In adult cotton-top tamarins, food-associated vocalizations communicate the presence and quality of food. However, reproductively inhibited juveniles and subadults use many other types of calls in feeding situations and display a high proportion of imperfect forms of adult food-associated calls. When subadult monkeys are paired with new mates and change their reproductive status, they rapidly (within 3-6 weeks) display both adult structure and adult usage of food-associated calls, suggesting that affiliative processes can both facilitate and inhibit vocal ontogeny. Three mechanisms of how social interactions affect communication (multimodal stimulation, attentional focus, and reinforcement) were proposed and illustrated through examples of parrots learning English labels for objects and attributes and infant cotton-top tamarins acquiring food-associated vocalizations. PMID:9071362

  20. Ecological Network Analysis for Economic Systems: Growth and Development and Implications for Sustainable Development

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Jiali; Ulanowicz, Robert E.

    2014-01-01

    The quantification of growth and development is an important issue in economics, because these phenomena are closely related to sustainability. We address growth and development from a network perspective in which economic systems are represented as flow networks and analyzed using ecological network analysis (ENA). The Beijing economic system is used as a case study and 11 input–output (I-O) tables for 1985–2010 are converted into currency networks. ENA is used to calculate system-level indices to quantify the growth and development of Beijing. The contributions of each direct flow toward growth and development in 2010 are calculated and their implications for sustainable development are discussed. The results show that during 1985–2010, growth was the main attribute of the Beijing economic system. Although the system grew exponentially, its development fluctuated within only a small range. The results suggest that system ascendency should be increased in order to favor more sustainable development. Ascendency can be augmented in two ways: (1) strengthen those pathways with positive contributions to increasing ascendency and (2) weaken those with negative effects. PMID:24979465

  1. Causality between financial development and economic growth: a case study on selected middle eastern countries

    E-print Network

    Alrayes, Massa Waddah

    2005-08-29

    of financial development is a good indicator of economic growth (Levine 1998; Rousseau and Wachtel 1998). Calder?n and Liu (2003) find that financial development generally leads to economic growth and that short run bidirectional causality exists as well.... King and Levine (1993) conclude that ?finance seems to lead economic growth?. Amaral and Quintin (2004) quantify the importance of finance for economic development based on a dynamic general equilibrium model, and find that finance matters only when...

  2. Spatial and Temporal Dynamics: Residential Development Process 

    E-print Network

    Park, Joung Im

    2012-02-14

    leapfrog, contagious and infill development patterns?? or ?how do types of land development patterns contribute to the growth process?? have never been studied in terms of neighborhood development patterns and processes with planning concerns... development patterns associated with it: leapfrog development (Hasse and Lathrop 2003, Heim, 2001), contagious development (Weitz and Moore, 1998) and infill development (Steinacker, 2003). Leapfrog development is often cited as a trigger for urban...

  3. Environmental Processes, Social Perspectives and Economic Valuations of the Coast 

    E-print Network

    Williams, Amy M.

    2011-10-21

    Coastal ecosystems provide important resources for social, economic and environmental capital to global and local communities. Socially, coastal ecosystems provide a place for people to recreate and get in touch with nature. ...

  4. Environmental Processes, Social Perspectives and Economic Valuations of the Coast

    E-print Network

    Williams, Amy M.

    2011-10-21

    to provide information on social, economic and environmental issues in Matagorda, Texas. The first study uses LIDAR (Light Image Detection-and-Ranging) scanning, a remote sensing methodology that uses laser pulses to collect X, Y, and Z coordinates...

  5. Regional, economic, and environmental effects of traditional and biotechnologically enhanced ethanol production processes in Brazil

    E-print Network

    Guerrero Compeán, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    Climate change, food security, and energy efficiency have become universal challenges for global economic development and environmental conservation that demand in-depth multidisciplinary research. Biofuels have emerged ...

  6. 10 CFR 770.8 - May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development at less...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development at... TRANSFER OF REAL PROPERTY AT DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ...May DOE transfer real property at defense nuclear facilities for economic development...

  7. Instructional Design and the Curriculum Development Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dick, Walter

    1987-01-01

    Outlines the history of the use of the Instructional Design Process (a "systems approach" that can be applied to the curriculum development process) and its advantages. Includes a summary of the process and a list of references. (MD

  8. The Contribution of Small and Medium Enterprises to Economic Development in Ukraine and Belarus: Some Policy Perspectives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Smallbone; Friederike Welter; Nina Isakova; Anton Slonimski

    2001-01-01

    The paper considers the development of small and medium enterprises (SME) in two transition economies where market reforms have been slow (Ukraine and Belarus), focusing specifically on the role of government in the process. Empirical data from a study on SMEs and economic development in Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova are used to consider the contribution of SMEs to different aspects

  9. Stadium upgrades as local economic development: the fallacy of the Ellis Park Sports Precinct upgrade as LED

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashley Gunter

    2011-01-01

    Local economic development (LED) has been heralded as a key mechanism for local area development, with LED strategy being lauded as a tool for urban renewal and regeneration with billions of rands being used to improve the Johannesburg inner city under the auspices of LED. The LED process in Johannesburg seeks to combine local governments and community-based groups committed to

  10. Tourism development and economic growth a nonlinear approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Po, Wan-Chen; Huang, Bwo-Nung

    2008-09-01

    We use cross sectional data (1995-2005 yearly averages) for 88 countries to investigate the nonlinear relationship between tourism development and economic growth when a threshold variable is used. The degree of tourism specialization ( qi, defined as receipts from international tourism as a percentage of GDP) is used as the threshold variable. The results of the tests for nonlinearity indicate that the 88 countries’ data should be separated into three different groups or regimes to analyze the tourism-growth nexus. The results of the threshold regression show that when the qi is below 4.0488% (regime 1, 57 countries) or above 4.7337% (regime 3, 23 countries), there exists a significantly positive relationship between tourism growth and economic growth. However, when the qi is above 4.0488% and below 4.7337% (regime 2, 8 countries), we are unable to find evidence of such a significant relationship. Further in-depth analysis reveals that relatively low ratios of the value added of the service industry to GDP, and the forested area per country area are able to explain why we are unable to find a significant relationship between these two variables in regime 2’s countries.

  11. Scaleup of mild gasification to a process development unit

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, J.A.L.; Carty, R.H.; Saladin, N.; Mead, J.; Foster, H.

    1992-11-01

    The overall objectives of this project is to develop the IGT Mild-Gasification (MILDGAS) process for near-term commercialization. The specific objectives of the program are to: design, construct, and operate a 24-tons/day adiabatic process development unit (PDU) to obtain process performance data suitable for further design scaleup obtain large batches of coal-derived co-products for industrial evaluation prepare a detailed design of a demonstration unit develop technical and economic plans for commercialization of the MILDGAS process. During the first ten months of this project. the NEPA Application for construction and operation of the PDU facility at the SIUC site was written and submitted for approval. In addition, the process design for the PDU was completed, bid packages for the PDU modules were prepared and sent to a slate of prospective bidders, and bids were received from the participating bidders.

  12. Job and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model: A User-Friendly Tool to Calculate Economic Impacts from Wind Projects; Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Sinclair, K.; Milligan, M.; Goldberg, M.

    2004-03-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory (DOE/NREL) has developed a spreadsheet-based wind model (Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI)) that incorporates economic multipliers for jobs, income, and output. Originally developed with state-specific parameters, it can also be used to conduct county and regional analyses. NREL has enlisted the Wind Powering America (WPA) State Wind Working Groups (SWWGs) to conduct county-specific economic impact analyses and has encouraged them to use JEDI if they do not have their own economic model. The objective of the analyses is to identify counties within WPA target states, and preferably counties with a significant agricultural sector, that could economically benefit from wind development. These counties could then explore opportunities to tap into the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Bill Section 9006 grants and loans to stimulate wind development. This paper describes the JEDI model and how i t can be used. We will also summarize a series of analyses that were completed to fulfill a General Accounting Office (GAO) request to provide estimates of the economic development benefits of wind power.

  13. Economic Systems, Child Rearing Practices and Personality Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozak, Conrad M.

    1978-01-01

    Reviews research on the relationship of a society's economic system to other aspects of the social structure, including socialization practices. Concludes that the relationship between personal values and the economic institution becomes reciprocal as society becomes more complex. (JG)

  14. Economic Geography of Human Development: Stratified Growth in Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala and Peru

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Mayer-Foulkes

    This article begins by constructing a model of stratified and divergent economic growth integrating economic geography, human development and endogenous technological change. Even in the presence of perfect capital, goods, and labor markets, economic geography and local governance can lead to stratification and divergence. The article then shows that early child development (ECD) determinants include both individual and local indicators

  15. New highways as economic development tools: An evaluation using quasi-experimental matching methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terance Rephann; Andrew Isserman

    1994-01-01

    Stimulating economic growth and development in rural and economically lagging regions is the goal of several federal and state highway programs. This paper examines the effectiveness of highway investment as an economic development tool. A quasi-experimental matching method is used to examine the effects of interstate highways on counties which obtained links during the period 1963-75 or are in close

  16. Local Economic Development in the United States and CanadaInstitutionalizing Policy Approaches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura A. Reese; Raymond A. Rosenfeld

    2004-01-01

    This article examines local economic development goals and policies in Canada and the United States during a 7year period. The analysis is based on surveys of cities with a population greater than 10,000 in the two countries conducted in 1994 and 2001, allowing for an assessment of the extent of change versus stability in overall approach toward economic development. Economic

  17. A Study on the Dynamic Mechanism of Group Investment and Local Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xu Weixiang; Zhang Zhigang

    2010-01-01

    The relationship of the group investment and local economic development is not simply influenced, but the relationship of dynamic correlation which can mutually influence and promote each other. This paper establishes a system dynamic model of group investment and local economic development by applying the system dynamics, and analyzes typical cases. The result shows that group investment promotes local economic

  18. Food industry and economic development in the Asia Pacific.

    PubMed

    McKay, John

    2007-01-01

    The food industry in the Asia Pacific region is gigantic in size, and is therefore a key element in the economic development prospects for the region. It is estimated that in 2000, for example, total expenditure on food and beverages in China was worth $US 188.5 billion, second only to that in Japan at $322 billion. Yet it is clear that given the expansion of both populations and incomes in the region this market will expand rapidly over the next few years. Particularly important will be the continued growth of cities and of the share of employment in industrial and service activities. Much of this growth in food purchases will be supplied from local sources, but this will demand some fundamental changes in domestic food production systems. There will also be a substantial growth in the food trade, with ever increasing levels of national and regional specialisation. These developments will put increasing pressures on quality standards at all levels, with a growing emphasis on food safety, integrity, quality, and nutritional and health impacts. This paper reviews the current status of the food industry and the food trade in the region, and presents some projections for future developments. Particular emphasis is given to policy choices that must be made to ensure that the food system in the region develops in ways that are sustainable and most beneficial to the population as a whole. PMID:17392081

  19. A Conceptual Model of National Skills Formation for Knowledge-based Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wes Schwalje

    2011-01-01

    The movement of many countries towards knowledge-based economic development requires the transition to more effective skill formation systems. This paper proposes an institutionalist approach to national skills development systems in the advancement towards knowledge-based economic development. There is currently no accepted general framework to analyze national skills development systems which has resulted in countries adopting reactive approaches to skills development

  20. Modular Process Patterns Supporting an Evolutionary Software Development Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Gnatz; Frank Marschall; Gerhard Popp; Andreas Rausch; Wolfgang Schwerin

    2001-01-01

    Change and evolution of business and technology imply change and evolution of development processes. Besides that for a certain enterprise and\\/or project we will usually integrate elements from a variety of existing process models, comprising generic standards as well as specific development methods. In this paper we propose a Process Framework which is modularly structured on the basis of the

  1. Voluntary Economics Content Standards for America's Schools: Rationale and Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegfried, John J.; Meszaros, Bonnie T.

    1998-01-01

    Describes the creation and implementation of voluntary standards and benchmarks for the teaching and learning of economics at the precollege level. The standards, established by the National Council on Economic Education in 1997, outline fundamental economic concepts to be taught at each grade level. Includes copies of the standards. (MJP)

  2. Knowledge flows, knowledge externalities and regional economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charlie Karlsson; Urban Gråsjö

    2012-01-01

    New knowledge generated by an economic agent in a region will tend over time to flow to other economic agents in the same region but also to economic agents in other regions. It is quite common in the literature to use the concept of knowledge spillovers for such knowledge flows, irrespective of whether they are intended or non-intended. The potential

  3. Jobs and Economic Development Impacts from Small Wind: JEDI Model in the Works (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Tegen, S.

    2012-06-01

    This presentation covers the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's role in economic impact analysis for wind power Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) models, JEDI results, small wind JEDI specifics, and a request for information to complete the model.

  4. The Informal Sector and Economic Development in Latin America: A Brief Study of the Chilean Model 

    E-print Network

    Lee, Jordan

    2010-07-14

    economic development take place. Creating an atmosphere which honors the rule of law, democracy, and private property will transform countries that have been plagued by poverty for decades. Constructing a framework favorable to economic productivity...

  5. Economic development and the structure of the demand for commerial energy

    E-print Network

    Judson, Ruth A.; Schmalensee, Richard.; Stoker, Thomas M.

    To deepen understanding of the relation between economic development and energy demand, this study estimates the Engel curves that relate per-capita energy consumption in major economic sectors to per-capita GDP. Panel ...

  6. Economic development and the structure of the demand for commerial energy

    E-print Network

    Judson, Ruth A.

    To deepen the understanding of the relation between economic development and energy demand, this study estimates the Engel curves that relate per-capita energy consumption in major economic sectors to per-capita GDP. Panel ...

  7. Making Sense of Clusters: Regional Competitiveness and Economic Development

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Cortright, Joseph

    2006-01-01

    As more and more scholars and policy experts struggle to determine what makes a successful region (urban or otherwise), there is a growing interest in the notion of cluster strategies and how they may be best deployed. Basically, this economic development strategy states that a group of related firms or companies in close proximity can create a number of productive and competitive advantages for the region. Recently, Joseph Cortright of The Brookings Institution researched the academic literature on industry clusters, and subsequently released this compelling 66-page paper in March 2006. The paper begins with a review of the existing literature on the subject, then proceeds to discuss why they are relevant, and also includes a section on future research questions that might be asked by those interested in the field. As Cortright concludes, �"cluster research should evolve to become a creative and informative mixture of art and science.�

  8. Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online-Offline, 1998

    1998-01-01

    This issue focuses on the theme of economics, and presents educational resources for teaching basics to children. Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videos, books, and additional resources, as well as activities which focus on economics are described. Includes short features on related topics, and the subtopics of trade, money and banking, and…

  9. The economic context for the development of "blind flight".

    PubMed

    Temme, Leonard A; Rupert, Angus

    2003-07-01

    On 24 September 1929, at Mitchel Field, Long Island, NY, Jimmy Doolittle performed the first so-called "blind flight." He executed a flight plan and landed using only cockpit instruments, a feat that culminated a research program supported by the Daniel Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics. Contemporary aviation medicine, with its understanding of the challenges of spatial (dis)orientation, has a special understanding and appreciation of the complex human performance, medical and technical problems that had to be overcome to make instrument flight possible. It is likely that the problems would not have been solved unless a socioeconomic context provoked a sufficient motivation to address them. This paper outlines some of the economic factors that motivated the research and development necessary for instrument flight. These factors were the direct consequence of the sudden, huge explosion of the aviation industry caused by World War I, and with the Armistice, the equally sudden loss of the industry's primary customer, the military. Finding a civilian role for aviation awaited the development of air mail, which, in turn, depended on the ability to fly according to a reliable schedule. The need to reliably adhere to a schedule forced the scientific and technological research needed to develop all-weather, blind flight. PMID:12862335

  10. Economic development through biomass system integration: Summary report

    SciTech Connect

    DeLong, M.M. [Northern States Power Co., Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    1995-10-01

    Alfalfa is a well-known and widely-planted crop that offers environmental and soil conservation advantages when grown as a 4-year segment in a 7-year rotation with corn and soybeans. Alfalfa fixes nitrogen from the air, thereby enhancing soil nitrogen and decreasing the need for manufactured nitrogen fertilizer. With alfalfa yields of 4 dry tons per acre per year and the alfalfa leaf fraction sold as a high-value animal feed the remaining alfalfa stem fraction can be economically viable fuel feedstock for a gasifier combined cycle power plant. This report is a feasibility study for an integrated biomass power system, where an energy crop (alfalfa) is the feedstock for a processing plant and a power power plant (integrated gasification combined cycle) in a way that benefits the facility owners. The sale of an animal feed co-product and electricity both help cover the production cost of alfalfa and the feedstock processing cost, thereby requiring neither the electricity or leaf meal to carry the total cost. The power plant provides an important continous demand for the feedstock and results in continous supply of leaf product to provide a reliable supply needed for the leaf meal product.

  11. Economic Growth, Population Theory, and Physiology: The Bearing of Long-Term Processes on the Making of Economic Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ROBERT WILLIAM FOGEL

    1994-01-01

    This paper sketches a theory of the secular decline in morbidity and mortality that takes account of changes in human physiology since 1700. The synergism between technological and physiological improvements has produced a form of human evolution, much more rapid than natural selection, which is still ongoing in both OECD and developing countries. Thermodynamic and physiological aspects of economic growth

  12. A Sustainable and Economically Recycling Real Estate Development Project: A Case Study for Istanbul Park

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Demir; F. Balik Sanli; M. Gur; C. Goksel

    \\u000a Nowadays, together with the globalization fact, an effort is given to rebuild the environment. These models have been developed\\u000a without taking natural and ecological corruption in to consideration. They just take into account the economical growth, leading\\u000a to economical and cultural demolition. In order to balance economical development and ecology, a sustainable development must\\u000a be reassured. If real estate development

  13. A New Broad Composite Model of Regional Economic Development as a Framework for Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ameeta JAIN

    ABSTRACT The mechanism,of regional economic,development,has been studied extensively by economists, geographers, town planners and other academics. The existing wide varieties of theories into regional economic,development are insufficient on their own in explaining how,a region can develop and prosper.Each theory has evaluated a few facets of regional economic,development. Research from these different perspectives is narrow and prevents any cross-fertilisation of research

  14. Scaleup of mild gasification to a process development unit. [MILDGAS Process

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, J.A.L.; Carty, R.H.; Saladin, N.; Mead, J.; Foster, H.

    1992-01-01

    The overall objectives of this project is to develop the IGT Mild-Gasification (MILDGAS) process for near-term commercialization. The specific objectives of the program are to: design, construct, and operate a 24-tons/day adiabatic process development unit (PDU) to obtain process performance data suitable for further design scaleup obtain large batches of coal-derived co-products for industrial evaluation prepare a detailed design of a demonstration unit develop technical and economic plans for commercialization of the MILDGAS process. During the first ten months of this project. the NEPA Application for construction and operation of the PDU facility at the SIUC site was written and submitted for approval. In addition, the process design for the PDU was completed, bid packages for the PDU modules were prepared and sent to a slate of prospective bidders, and bids were received from the participating bidders.

  15. Embedded Automotive System Development Process

    E-print Network

    Langenwalter, Joachim

    2011-01-01

    Model based design enables the automatic generation of final-build software from models for high-volume automotive embedded systems. This paper presents a framework of processes, methods and tools for the design of automotive embedded systems. A steer-by-wire system serves as an example.

  16. Visualization of the develop process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda K. Sundberg; Gregory M. Wallraff; Alexander M. Friz; Blake W. Davis; Sally A. Swanson; Phillip J. Brock; Charles T. Rettner; William D. Hinsberg

    2011-01-01

    Variations in critical dimension (CD) as a function of the proximity of an individual feature to other exposed areas are continuing to be a problem in the lithography process. For example, the CD uniformity (CDU) may degrade significantly depending on the proximity to densely or sparsely exposed areas. These pattern density effects will continue to get worse and become more

  17. Thermo-economic process model for thermochemical production of Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) from lignocellulosic biomass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Gassner; François Maréchal

    2009-01-01

    A detailed thermo-economic model considering different technological alternatives for thermochemical production of Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) from lignocellulosic biomass is presented. First, candidate technology for processes based on biomass gasification and subsequent methanation is discussed and assembled in a general superstructure. Both energetic and economic models for biomass drying with air or steam, thermal pretreatment by torrefaction or pyrolysis, indirectly

  18. Economic Volatility: Does Financial Development, Openness and Institutional Quality Matter In Case of ASEAN 5 Countries

    E-print Network

    1 Economic Volatility: Does Financial Development, Openness and Institutional Quality Matter In Case of ASEAN 5 Countries Hazman Samsudin 1,2* 1 PhD in Economics student at Faculty of Business and Government, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT 2601 2 Tutor at Faculty of Management and Economics

  19. Security Threats, Enemy-Contingent Policies, and Economic Development in Dictatorships

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carl Henrik Knutsen

    2011-01-01

    In this article, I introduce, discuss, and formalize the argument that the type of security threat a dictatorial regime faces has implications for economic policy making and, consequently, economic outcomes. Dictators who mainly face internal threats often have incentives to conduct policies that are harmful to economic development, like underproviding productive public investment. However, dictators who mainly face external threats

  20. An Evaluation of California's Community College Based Economic Development Programs (ED>Net).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman (James) Associates, San Francisco, CA.

    This study describes economic outcomes of California's ED>Net (California Community College Economic Network) program, an alliance between community colleges and California businesses. ED>Net's purpose is to advance the state's economic growth by providing job-related education and services to businesses and organizations. This report develops

  1. Cold War Racial Politics and Global Impression Management: North Carolina Economic Development as a Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wanda Rushing

    2000-01-01

    The USA emerged from the Second World War as the dominant economic and political power in a world-system undergoing vast political and economic reorganization. US government efforts to expand the nation's role in international affairs paralleled Southern states' economic development attempts. This article employs the methodology of historical sociology and offers a new historical narrative on US segregation policy decisions

  2. Neoclassical and Institutional Economics as Foundations for Human Resource Development Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Greg G.; Holton, Elwood F., III

    2005-01-01

    In an effort to more comprehensively understand economics as a foundation of human resource development (HRD), this article reviews economic theories and models pertinent to HRD research and theory building. By examining neoclassical and neoinstitutional schools of contemporary economics, especially the screening model and the internal labor…

  3. 26 CFR 1.924(d)-1 - Requirement that economic processes take place outside the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...that economic processes take place outside the United States. 1.924(d)-1 Section...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED...that economic processes take place outside the United States. (a) In...

  4. 26 CFR 1.924(d)-1 - Requirement that economic processes take place outside the United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...that economic processes take place outside the United States. 1.924(d)-1 Section...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED...that economic processes take place outside the United States. (a) In...

  5. Instruments of development: Randomization in the tropics, and the search for the elusive keys to economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angus S. Deaton

    2009-01-01

    There is currently much debate about the effectiveness of foreign aid and about what kind of projects can engender economic development. There is skepticism about the ability of econometric analysis to resolve these issues, or of development agencies to learn from their own experience. In response, there is movement in development economics towards the use of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)

  6. ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS AND HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT An FDI Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TALAT AFZA; MIAN SAJID NAZIR

    Integration of global markets has highlighted the issue of economic competitiveness, the base line to attract the foreign direct investment. In this increasingly globalized and interdependent world economy, knowledge and skills of workforce will be the key competitive weapons of nations and thus should be focused for enhancement of the economic competitiveness (Thurow, 1994). The current study focuses on the

  7. A multi-dimensional perspective on social capital and economic development: an exploratory analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soogwan Doh; Connie L. McNeely

    While various types of capital have been identified and studied as drivers of economic development, recent arguments surrounding\\u000a social capital in particular have led to calls for greater attention to its role in economic development within a country.\\u000a Thus, we examine social capital relative to its impact on economic development at the country level. We employ a generalized\\u000a social capital

  8. A preliminary process design and economic assessment of a catalyst rejuvenation process for waste disposal of refinery spent catalysts.

    PubMed

    Marafi, Meena; Stanislaus, Antony; Kam, Ezra

    2008-03-01

    Spent hydroprocessing catalysts from refineries have been classified as hazardous solid waste by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), refiners must find a viable but economical solution to solve this serious environmental issue. Catalyst rejuvenation is an attractive option for minimizing the environmental problems associated with spent catalysts. In this study, a preliminary design for such a process and the corresponding economic analysis are performed to assess the proposed catalyst rejuvenation process for metal-fouled spent catalysts generated in residue hydroprocessing units. The scenarios used in the economic assessment are based on three options of process synthesis and two operator modes. It is found that the option of rejuvenating medium and lightly fouled spent catalyst produced by the refinery will be the best solution for refiners, both environmentally and economically. PMID:17316960

  9. Financing Education for Economic Development in [a] Cross Section of Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuroda, Kazuo

    Education is the key for economic growth and social development in developing countries. This paper presents findings of a study that analyzed the impact of overall educational expenditures on economic growth in developing nations. It also identifies the levels of education that should be allocated more public expenditures. The study used…

  10. Work participation, gender and economic development: A quantitative anatomy of the Indian scenario

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashok Mathur

    1994-01-01

    This article analyses forces which influence the degree of participation of population in economic activity in a developing economy. In the first stage the relationship between economic development and work participation is examined. The core of the analysis is based on a cross?sectional study of 306 districts of India, using a composite index of development. The entire analysis is conducted

  11. Regional Appropriation of University-Based Knowledge and Technology for Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David B. Audretsch; Dennis P. Leyden; Albert N. Link

    2012-01-01

    Economic development practitioners and scholars recognize the link between universities and regional economic development. It is predicated on the spillover of knowledge from universities to commercialization. The literature has focused on the supply side, which involves university research and technology transfer mechanisms. We examine the role played by the demand for university-based knowledge and university-developed technology. We identify links between

  12. Broward County Home Economics Curriculum Development Project, July 1, 1967 to July 1, 1970. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broward County School Board, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

    A 3-year curriculum development project was conducted in one senior and three junior high schools to test an innovative homemaking program which would: (1) achieve the broad home economics objectives, (2) improve attitudes toward home economics, (3) assist in the development of critical thinking and independent study habits, (4) develop

  13. The effect of international tourism on economic development: An empirical analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dominic Skerritt; Twan Huybers

    2005-01-01

    The expansion of international tourism in developing countries is generally considered to promote their economic development. In this paper, the impact of international tourism on economic development is modelled using an aggregate production function framework. It specifically investigates intersectoral externalities and marginal factor productivity differences between the international tourism sector and the rest of the economy. The net effect of

  14. Exploring Potentials of a Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership in Human Resource Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jhoana V. Alcalde; Niño Alejandro Q. Manalo; Rodger M. Valientes

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores the potentials of including the broad realm of human resource development into the proposed bilateral economic agreements between Japan and the Philippines. The authors greatly recognized that the extent and sustainability of a nation’s economic development is largely anchored on the degree of development of its largest asset, the human resource, hence exploring possible areas where such

  15. Economic Foundation of Human Resource Development: Advancing the Theory and Practice of the Discipline

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Swanson

    2008-01-01

    The problem and the Solution . Economics theory, together with systems and psychological theories, is considered the core theories integrated to create the foundation for the human resource development discipline. Few human resource development scholars have explored the full potential of the economics and its implications for human resource development theory, research, and practice.This article presents a rationale for focusing

  16. Understanding technology development processes theory & practice

    E-print Network

    Oswald, W. Andrew (William Andrew)

    2013-01-01

    Technology development is hard for management to understand and hard for practitioners to explain, however it is an essential component of innovation. While there are standard and predictable processes for product development, ...

  17. Comparing Product Development Processes and Managing Risk

    E-print Network

    Unger, Darian W.

    Product Development Processes (PDPs) require careful design to reduce development time, create better products and manage the risks of bringing new products to market. This paper investigates the relationship between product ...

  18. Product Development Processes, Three Vectors Of Improvement

    E-print Network

    Holmes, Maurice

    2003-01-01

    Product Development Processes have achieved a state of some maturity in recent years, but have focused primarily on structuring technical activities from the initiation of development to launch. We advocate major advances ...

  19. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report UBC Food System Project: AMS Food and Beverage Service

    E-print Network

    and businesses involved in food manufacture, processing, distribution and marketing. The system also includesUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report UBC Food System Project: AMS Food and Beverage Service Vivian Chan, Francis Gomez, Julie Lam, Helen Racic, Hong Sy, Jonathan

  20. The implementation of the triple helix model of industry-university-government relations in Puerto Rico to promote knowledge-based regional economic development

    E-print Network

    Ramos-Maltés, Ana Lorena

    2010-01-01

    Puerto Rico, an island in the Caribbean, has long sought to develop a high-tech economy and has struggled in the process. Two initiatives, Puerto Rico TechnoEconomic Corridor (PRTEC) and the Eastern Central Technological ...

  1. ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES TASK 4, BIOMASS GASIFICATION-BASED PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect

    Martha L. Rollins; Les Reardon; David Nichols; Patrick Lee; Millicent Moore; Mike Crim; Robert Luttrell; Evan Hughes

    2002-04-01

    Biomass derived energy currently accounts for about 3 quads of total primary energy use in the United States. Of this amount, about 0.8 quads are used for power generation. Several biomass energy production technologies exist today which contribute to this energy mix. Biomass combustion technologies have been the dominant source of biomass energy production, both historically and during the past two decades of expansion of modern biomass energy in the U. S. and Europe. As a research and development activity, biomass gasification has usually been the major emphasis as a method of more efficiently utilizing the energy potential of biomass, particularly wood. Numerous biomass gasification technologies exist today in various stages of development. Some are simple systems, while others employ a high degree of integration for maximum energy utilization. The purpose of this study is to conduct a technical and economic comparison of up to three biomass gasification technologies, including the carbon dioxide emissions reduction potential of each. To accomplish this, a literature search was first conducted to determine which technologies were most promising based on a specific set of criteria. During this reporting period, the technical and economic performances of the selected processes were evaluated using computer models and available literature. The results of these evaluations are summarized in this report.

  2. ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF CO2 SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES TASK 4, BIOMASS GASIFICATION-BASED PROCESSING

    SciTech Connect

    Martha L. Rollins; Les Reardon; David Nichols; Patrick Lee; Millicent Moore; Mike Crim; Robert Luttrell; Evan Hughes

    2002-06-01

    Biomass derived energy currently accounts for about 3 quads of total primary energy use in the United States. Of this amount, about 0.8 quads are used for power generation. Several biomass energy production technologies exist today which contribute to this energy mix. Biomass combustion technologies have been the dominant source of biomass energy production, both historically and during the past two decades of expansion of modern biomass energy in the U. S. and Europe. As a research and development activity, biomass gasification has usually been the major emphasis as a method of more efficiently utilizing the energy potential of biomass, particularly wood. Numerous biomass gasification technologies exist today in various stages of development. Some are simple systems, while others employ a high degree of integration for maximum energy utilization. The purpose of this study is to conduct a technical and economic comparison of up to three biomass gasification technologies, including the carbon dioxide emissions reduction potential of each. To accomplish this, a literature search was first conducted to determine which technologies were most promising based on a specific set of criteria. The technical and economic performances of the selected processes were evaluated using computer models and available literature. Using these results, the carbon sequestration potential of the three technologies was then evaluated. The results of these evaluations are given in this final report.

  3. The economics of future membrane desalination processes and applications

    E-print Network

    McGovern, Ronan Killian

    2014-01-01

    Seawater desalination, the desalination of waters flowing back from hydraulic fracturing processes and brackish water desalination constitute important desalination applications. These have a combined market size in excess ...

  4. Managing the Software Development Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lubelczky, Jeffrey T.; Parra, Amy

    1999-01-01

    The goal of any software development project is to produce a product that is delivered on time, within the allocated budget, and with the capabilities expected by the customer and unfortunately, this goal is rarely achieved. However, a properly managed project in a mature software engineering environment can consistently achieve this goal. In this paper we provide an introduction to three project success factors, a properly managed project, a competent project manager, and a mature software engineering environment. We will also present an overview of the benefits of a mature software engineering environment based on 24 years of data from the Software Engineering Lab, and suggest some first steps that an organization can take to begin benefiting from this environment. The depth and breadth of software engineering exceeds this paper, various references are cited with a goal of raising awareness and encouraging further investigation into software engineering and project management practices.

  5. Environmental-economic evaluation of the filling and reclamation process in the bay of Santander, Spain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cendrero, A.; Díaz de Terán, J. R.; Salinas, J. M.

    1981-11-01

    The historical development of a process of reclamation of intertidal areas in an estuary has been quantitatively studied by means of old engravings, maps, navagation charts, and aerial photographs. These show that about 83 percent of the natural coastline of the estuary has disappeared, nearly two-thirds of its intertidal area has been covered, and over 40 percent of its volume has been lost. The rate of this artificial process is several tens of times faster than that of the natural sedimentation. Extrapolation of the observed trends shows that, if these continue, the intertidal areas would disappear completely in 31 to 105 years. Theoretical calculations based on comparisons with other estuaries show that the accumulated loss in the productivity of living matter (in the form of primary producers), since the process started about 140 years ago, could reach 1.5·1010 kg. This could represent, considering several possible food chains, the equivalent of the food necessary to sustain several thousand people for life. An economic analysis of the impact of the process has been made by considering, first, the decrease in fish and shellfish catches in the bay (using historical data and data about present clam productivity) and the decrease in its aesthetic quality and recreational potential. These were determined by means of interviews with the population to obtain a “demand curve” for the willingness to pay for the preservation and use of the bay. Second, the price of the man-made land obtained was considered. The data obtained show that the economic losses would offset the benefits within 10 to 30 years.

  6. Development of a process control sensor for the glass industry

    SciTech Connect

    Kramlich, J.C.; Gardner, M.; Koppang, R.R. (Energy and Environmental Research Corp., Irvine, CA (USA))

    1990-01-01

    An overview is presented of a program leading to the development of a thermal sensor for the glass industry. The approach makes use of fiber optics for remote sensing and an optical multiplexer to allow economical multipoint, multiple wavelength measurements. A series of three optical approaches are under consideration for various parts of the glass forming process. These generally attempt to make use of the remote, multipoint characteristics of the prototype detector to (1) minimize the interference of reflected background radiation on optical pyrometry measurements, and (2) to use the variations of glass transmission with wavelength to develop a temperature vs. depth characteristic within the melt. 2 refs., 6 figs.

  7. Opportunities for technological and economic development policy in Brazil

    E-print Network

    Dalquist, Stephanie K. (Stephanie Kay), 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Brazil's transformation from an agriculturally-based colonial economy to an industrial republic spans seven decades - from the 1930s to the present - with three rapid growth phases which were each followed by economic and ...

  8. 32 CFR 174.9 - Economic development conveyances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Current local and regional real estate market conditions, including...determine the estimated fair market value of the property...to, an economic and market analysis, construction estimates, a real estate pro forrma...

  9. 32 CFR 174.9 - Economic development conveyances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Current local and regional real estate market conditions, including...determine the estimated fair market value of the property...to, an economic and market analysis, construction estimates, a real estate pro forrma...

  10. 32 CFR 174.9 - Economic development conveyances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Current local and regional real estate market conditions, including...determine the estimated fair market value of the property...to, an economic and market analysis, construction estimates, a real estate pro forrma...

  11. ECONOMICS OF UNIRRADIATED PROCESSING PHASES OF URANIUM FUEL CYCLES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Murray; F. S. Patton; R. F. Hibbs; W. L. Griffith

    1958-01-01

    Expanding reactor programs prescnt industrial opportunities in their ; fuel processing phases. This . paper considers the manufacture of ; unirradiated uranium fuel materials, including the conversion of uranium ; hexafluoride to uranium metal, uranium dioxide, etc.; their subsequent ; fabrication into fuel elements; and the processing and recycle of accrued scrap. ; The intent is to offer potentinl processors

  12. Development of the Concise Data Processing Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, James; Bonn, Doug

    2011-01-01

    The Concise Data Processing Assessment (CDPA) was developed to probe student abilities related to the nature of measurement and uncertainty and to handling data. The diagnostic is a ten question, multiple-choice test that can be used as both a pre-test and post-test. A key component of the development process was interviews with students, which…

  13. Process Management for Geographical Information Systems Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen G. MacDonell

    The controlled management of software processes, an area of ongoing research in the business systems domain, is equally important in the development of geographical information systems (GIS). Appropriate software processes must be defined, used and managed in order to ensure that, as much as possible, systems are developed to quality standards on time and within budget. However, specific characteristics of

  14. Course Development: Industrial or Social Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, David

    The development of course materials at the Open Learning Institute, British Columbia, Canada, is examined from two perspectives: as an industrial process and as a social process. The public institute provides distance education through paced home-study courses. The course team model used at the Institute is a system approach. Course development

  15. The Role of Economic Strain on Adolescent Delinquency: A Microsocial Process Model

    PubMed Central

    Low, Sabina; Sinclair, Ryan; Shortt, Joann Wu

    2013-01-01

    The current study examines the role of economic strain as a moderator of the microsocial processes influencing younger siblings’ delinquency (externalizing behavior and substance use) in a longitudinal design. The younger siblings (122 younger brothers and 122 younger sisters) were from 244 families with same-sex biological siblings. Structural equation modeling was utilized to examine a process model whereby mothers’ harsh/inconsistent parenting and older sibling delinquency influence younger siblings’ delinquent behavior via sibling aggression and delinquent peer affiliation. Findings suggest that indirect mechanisms vary as a function of economic strain, with sibling aggression having a stronger, more detrimental effect on adolescent delinquency in economically strained families. Data suggest that familial economic conditions contextualize the relative roles of parenting, sibling, and peer processes in the transmission of risk to adolescent delinquency. PMID:22709262

  16. Tapping State College Research and Development Capacity in Support of State Economic Development. Policy Matters: A Higher Education Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurley, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    Applied research and development activities at regional state colleges and universities bolster their primary mission of undergraduate education as well as contribute to local and statewide economic growth. As states boost efforts to fund and stimulate research as part of an integrated economic development strategy, they should seek to fully…

  17. Technical assistance and the transfer of remote sensing technology. [for economic development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chipman, R.

    1977-01-01

    The transfer of technology from industrialized countries to the third world is a very complicated process and one that requires a great deal of research and development. The political and social obstacles to this transfer are generally greater than the technical obstacles, but technical assistance programs have neither the competence nor the inclination to deal with these factors adequately. Funding for technical assistance in remote sensing is now expanding rapidly, and there is a growing need for institutions to study and promote the effective use of this technology for economic development. The United Nations, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Bank, the United States Agency for International Development and the Canadian technical assistance agencies take different approaches to the problem and deal with the political pressures in different ways.

  18. Entrepreneurship and economic development : From classical political economy to economic sociology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Ebner

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reconstruct economic reasoning on entrepreneurship from the perspective of its institutional content, thus underlining the aspects of power relations and leadership, which are related with the organisational and technological dimensions of innovation and coordination as entrepreneurial functions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In reconstructing the theory of entrepreneurship in a range from classical political

  19. Economic Development Coalition of Southwest Indiana Greg Wathen, CEO and President

    E-print Network

    Economic Development Coalition of Southwest Indiana Greg Wathen, CEO and President P.O. Box 20127 of Southwest Indiana (Coalition) acts as the umbrella economic development organization for Gibson, Posey, Vanderburgh and Warrick Counties in Southwest Indiana. The Coalition facilitates and coordinates business

  20. Environment, Human Development and Economic Growth after Liberalisation : An Analysis of Indian States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sacchidananda Mukherjee; Debashis Chakraborty

    2007-01-01

    Economic growth does not necessarily ensure environmental sustainability for a country. The relationship between the two is far more complicated for developing countries like India, given the dependence of a large section of the population on natural resources for livelihood. Under this backdrop, the current study attempts to analyze the relationships among Environmental Quality (EQ), Human Development (HD) and Economic