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1

Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety  

SciTech Connect

The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for increasing both fuel economy and safety without compromising functionality.

Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

2007-06-11

2

Airline Safety and Economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This video documents efforts at NASA Langley Research Center to improve safety and economy in aircraft. Featured are the cockpit weather information needs computer system, which relays real time weather information to the pilot, and efforts to improve techniques to detect structural flaws and corrosion, such as the thermal bond inspection system.

1993-01-01

3

Use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy. One of the important requirements for Gen. IV High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGR) is passive safety. Currently all the HTGR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. [1] The decay heat first is transferred to core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. Similar concepts have been widely used in sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) designs, advanced light water reactors like AP1000. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area. RVACS tends to be less expensive. However, it limits the largest achievable power level for modular HTGRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface). When the relative decay heat removal capability is reduced, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annual designs with internal reflector can mitigate this effect therefore further increase the power. Another way to increase power is to increase power density. However, it is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides safety, HTGRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor designs. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of HTGRs. Forsberg [2] pointed out other disadvantages of using RVACS such as conflicting functional requirements for the reactor vessel and scaling distortion for integral effect test of the system performance. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume based passive decay removal system, call Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS has been widely used in SFR designs and in liquid salt cooled high temperature reactors. The containment cooling system in BWR is another example of volume based decay removal systems. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one in reactor side and another is in environment side. DRACS has the benefits of increasing the power as needed (scalability) and modularity. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance HTGRs passive safety and economy.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou

2011-06-01

4

Safety in the globalising knowledge economy: an analysis by paradoxes.  

PubMed

There is a widespread recognition of a 'crisis' in official scientific expertise, related to the increase of 'uncertainty' and the loss of 'trust', and whose cure is believed to lie in 'participation'. I argue that the crisis results from structural features of the globalising knowledge economy, and the contradictory roles of governments, acting both as promoters of global business enterprise and also as regulators on behalf of a sophisticated and suspicious public. I explain the crisis by substituting 'safety' for 'risk' as the operative concept, and also using 'paradox' as an explanatory tool. I produce a closed-cycle paradox, analogous to the classic Catch-22, to exhibit the contradictions in the situation. I discuss ways of resolving these, which include the recognition of policy-critical ignorance and the adoption of the perspective of post-normal science. PMID:11532355

Ravetz, J R

2001-09-14

5

Are food safety standards different from other food standards? A political economy perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a political economy model which integrates risk to analyse whether the nature of public food standards [food safety standards, food quality standards, and social and environmental standards] affects the politically optimal level of the standard and the likelihood of trade conflicts. In general, public food safety standards are set at higher levels because stronger consumption effects translate

Johan F. M. Swinnen; Thijs Vandemoortele

2009-01-01

6

Increasing the Fuel Economy and Safety of New Light-DutyVehicles  

SciTech Connect

One impediment to increasing the fuel economy standards forlight-duty vehicles is the long-standing argument that reducing vehiclemass to improve fuel economy will inherently make vehicles less safe.This technical paper summarizes and examines the research that is citedin support of this argument, and presents more recent research thatchallenges it. We conclude that the research claiming that lightervehicles are inherently less safe than heavier vehicles is flawed, andthat other aspects of vehicle design are more important to the on-roadsafety record of vehicles. This paper was prepared for a workshop onexperts in vehicle safety and fuel economy, organized by the William andFlora Hewlett Foundation, to discuss technologies and designs that can betaken to simultaneously improve vehicle safety and fuel economy; theworkshop was held in Washington DC on October 3, 2006.

Wenzel, Tom; Ross, Marc

2006-09-18

7

Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion  

E-print Network

Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion objectives to reduce our nation's dependency on fossil fuels, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve these issues, it is proposed to develop a new "Smart" Cruise Control system that would incorporate

8

Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

To the horror of some and the surprise of nearly everyone, a new body of religious research roams our journals and conventions.\\u000a Born of neglected data and rejected theory, the body is variously known as economics of religion, the rational choice approach,\\u000a the religious economies model, and “the newparadigm.” By any name, however, it has animated research on secularization, pluralism,

Larry Iannaccone

9

Enhancing VHTR passive safety and economy with thermal radiation based direct reactor auxiliary cooling system  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important requirements for Gen. IV Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is passive safety. Currently all the gas cooled version of VHTR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. The RVACS can be characterized as a surface-based decay heat removal system. It is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area to volume ratio. However, RVACS limits the maximum achievable power level for modular VHTRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to the core volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to the vessel surface area). Besides the safety considerations, VHTRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor concepts and other types of energy sources. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of VHTRs. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume-based passive decay heat removal system, called Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one on the reactor side and another on the environmental side. For the reactor side, cooling pipes will be inserted into holes made in the outer or inner graphite reflector blocks. There will be gaps or annular regions formed between these cooling pipes and their corresponding surrounding graphite surfaces. Graphite has an excellent heat conduction property. By taking advantage of this feature, we can have a volume-based method to remove decay heat. The scalability can be achieved, if needed, by employing more rows of cooling pipes to accommodate higher decay heat rates. Since heat can easily conduct through the graphite regions among the holes made for the cooling pipes, those cooling pipes located further away from the active core region can still be very effective in removing decay heat. By removing the limit on the decay heat removal capability due to the limited available surface area as in a RVACS, the reactor power density and therefore the reactor power can be significantly increased, without losing the passive heat removal feature. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance VHTR passive safety and economics. Three design options with different cooling pipe locations are discussed. Analysis results from a lumped volume based model and CFD simulations are presented. (authors)

Zhao, H.; Zhang, H.; Zou, L. [Idaho National Laboratory (United States); Sun, X. [Ohio State Univ. (United States)

2012-07-01

10

Enhancing VHTR Passive Safety and Economy with Thermal Radiation Based Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling System  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important requirements for Gen. IV Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is passive safety. Currently all the gas cooled version of VHTR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. The decay heat first is transferred to the core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to the reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area to volume ratio. However, RVACS limits the maximum achievable power level for modular VHTRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface area). When the relative decay heat removal capability decreases, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annular core designs with inner graphite reflector can mitigate this effect; therefore can further increase the reactor power. Another way to increase the reactor power is to increase power density. However, the reactor power is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides the safety considerations, VHTRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor concepts and other types of energy sources. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of VHTRs. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume-based passive decay heat removal system, called Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one on the reactor side and another on the environment side. For the reactor side, cooling pipes will be inserted into holes made in the outer or inner graphite reflector blocks. There will be gaps between these cooling pipes and their corresponding surrounding graphite surfaces. Graphite has an excellent heat conduction property. By taking advantage of this feature, we can have a volume-based method to remove decay heat. The scalability can be achieved, if needed, by employing more rows of cooling pipes to accommodate higher decay heat rates. Since heat can easily conduct through the graphite regions between the holes made for the cooling pipes, those cooling pipes located further away from the active core region can still be very effective in removing decay heat. By removing the limit on the decay heat removal capability due to the limited available surface area as in a RVACS, the reactor power and power density can be significantly increased, without losing the passive heat removal feature. This paper will introduce the concept of using DRACS to enhance VHTR passive safety and economics. Three design options will be discussed, depending on the cooling pipe locations. Analysis results from a lumped volume based model and CFD simulations will be presented.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou; Xiaodong Sun

2012-06-01

11

Don't break a leg: running birds from quail to ostrich prioritise leg safety and economy on uneven terrain  

PubMed Central

Cursorial ground birds are paragons of bipedal running that span a 500-fold mass range from quail to ostrich. Here we investigate the task-level control priorities of cursorial birds by analysing how they negotiate single-step obstacles that create a conflict between body stability (attenuating deviations in body motion) and consistent leg force–length dynamics (for economy and leg safety). We also test the hypothesis that control priorities shift between body stability and leg safety with increasing body size, reflecting use of active control to overcome size-related challenges. Weight-support demands lead to a shift towards straighter legs and stiffer steady gait with increasing body size, but it remains unknown whether non-steady locomotor priorities diverge with size. We found that all measured species used a consistent obstacle negotiation strategy, involving unsteady body dynamics to minimise fluctuations in leg posture and loading across multiple steps, not directly prioritising body stability. Peak leg forces remained remarkably consistent across obstacle terrain, within 0.35 body weights of level running for obstacle heights from 0.1 to 0.5 times leg length. All species used similar stance leg actuation patterns, involving asymmetric force–length trajectories and posture-dependent actuation to add or remove energy depending on landing conditions. We present a simple stance leg model that explains key features of avian bipedal locomotion, and suggests economy as a key priority on both level and uneven terrain. We suggest that running ground birds target the closely coupled priorities of economy and leg safety as the direct imperatives of control, with adequate stability achieved through appropriately tuned intrinsic dynamics. PMID:25355848

Birn-Jeffery, Aleksandra V.; Hubicki, Christian M.; Blum, Yvonne; Renjewski, Daniel; Hurst, Jonathan W.; Daley, Monica A.

2014-01-01

12

Don't break a leg: running birds from quail to ostrich prioritise leg safety and economy on uneven terrain.  

PubMed

Cursorial ground birds are paragons of bipedal running that span a 500-fold mass range from quail to ostrich. Here we investigate the task-level control priorities of cursorial birds by analysing how they negotiate single-step obstacles that create a conflict between body stability (attenuating deviations in body motion) and consistent leg force-length dynamics (for economy and leg safety). We also test the hypothesis that control priorities shift between body stability and leg safety with increasing body size, reflecting use of active control to overcome size-related challenges. Weight-support demands lead to a shift towards straighter legs and stiffer steady gait with increasing body size, but it remains unknown whether non-steady locomotor priorities diverge with size. We found that all measured species used a consistent obstacle negotiation strategy, involving unsteady body dynamics to minimise fluctuations in leg posture and loading across multiple steps, not directly prioritising body stability. Peak leg forces remained remarkably consistent across obstacle terrain, within 0.35 body weights of level running for obstacle heights from 0.1 to 0.5 times leg length. All species used similar stance leg actuation patterns, involving asymmetric force-length trajectories and posture-dependent actuation to add or remove energy depending on landing conditions. We present a simple stance leg model that explains key features of avian bipedal locomotion, and suggests economy as a key priority on both level and uneven terrain. We suggest that running ground birds target the closely coupled priorities of economy and leg safety as the direct imperatives of control, with adequate stability achieved through appropriately tuned intrinsic dynamics. PMID:25355848

Birn-Jeffery, Aleksandra V; Hubicki, Christian M; Blum, Yvonne; Renjewski, Daniel; Hurst, Jonathan W; Daley, Monica A

2014-11-01

13

The long-term effects of a token economy on safety performance in open-pit mining.  

PubMed Central

A token economy that used trading stamps as tokens was instituted at two dangerous open-pit mines. Employees earned stamps for working without lost-time injuries, for being in work groups in which all other workers had no lost-time injuries, for not being involved in equipment-damaging accidents, for making adopted safety suggestions, and for unusual behavior which prevented an injury or accident. They lost stamp awards if they or other workers in their group were injured, caused equipment damage, or failed to report accidents or injuries. The stamps could be exchanged for a selection of thousands of items at redemption stores. Implementation of the token economy was followed by large reductions in the number of days lost from work because of injuries, the number of lost-time injuries, and the costs of accidents and injuries. The reductions in costs far exceeded the costs of operating the token economy. All improvements were maintained over several years. PMID:3667473

Fox, D K; Hopkins, B L; Anger, W K

1987-01-01

14

TRB 05-1336 The Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination  

E-print Network

) 946-1314 Email: sahmad2@utk.edu David L. Greene Corporate Research Fellow Oak Ridge National: (865) 946-1310 Fax: (865) 946-1314 Email: dlgreene@ornl.gov #12;Ahmad and Greene 1 ABSTRACT Since 1975 and Graham in 1989. They linked higher fuel economy levels to decreases in vehicle weight, and correlated

15

Revaluing donor and recipient bodies in the globalised blood economy: Transitions in public policy on blood safety in the United Kingdom  

PubMed Central

The clinical use of blood has a long history, but its apparent stability belies the complexity of contemporary practices in this field. In this article, we explore how the production, supply and deployment of blood products are socially mediated, drawing on theoretical perspectives from recent work on ‘tissue economies’. We highlight the ways in which safety threats in the form of infections that might be transmitted through blood and plasma impact on this tissue economy and how these have led to a revaluation of donor bodies and restructuring of blood economies. Specifically, we consider these themes in relation to the management of recent threats to blood safety in the United Kingdom. We show that the tension between securing the supply of blood and its products and ensuring its safety may give rise to ethical concerns and reshape relations between donor and recipient bodies. PMID:23467898

Kent, Julie; Farrell, Anne-Maree

2014-01-01

16

Balancing Safety and Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators looking for budget relief might look for cost savings in pupil transportation. The basic school bus that meets federal standards, with no optional equipment, is the safest vehicle on the road. The best investment in a transportation program is driver training. Route and schedule changes might lead to an increase in efficiency…

Leeds, Robin L.

1999-01-01

17

From Fishery to Fork: Food Safety and Sustainability in the ‘Virtual’ Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In scientific and policy circles, the ‘Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy’ (KBBE) is seen as the way forward to increase productivity and competitiveness and to improve quality of life in the EU. The critical literature, however, sees KBBE as a self-fulfilling prophecy, a dominant master narrative that marginalizes other interpretations and policy options. In other words, the literature argues that KBBE is performative—it

Stefano Ponte

2009-01-01

18

Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight\\/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report analyzes the relationship between vehicle weight, size (wheelbase, track width, and their product, footprint), and safety, for individual vehicle makes and models. Vehicle weight and footprint are correlated with a correlation coefficient (R²) of about 0.62. The relationship is stronger for cars (0.69) than for light trucks (0.42); light trucks include minivans, fullsize vans, truck-based SUVs, crossover SUVs,

Wenzel; Thomas P

2010-01-01

19

Southwest Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Dallas Federal Reserve Bank publishes Southwest Economy bimonthly; it covers "agriculture, banking, energy, high technology, manufacturing and international trade" in the Texas- New Mexico- Louisiana region.

20

Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation  

SciTech Connect

This report analyzes the relationship between vehicle weight, size (wheelbase, track width, and their product, footprint), and safety, for individual vehicle makes and models. Vehicle weight and footprint are correlated with a correlation coefficient (R{sup 2}) of about 0.62. The relationship is stronger for cars (0.69) than for light trucks (0.42); light trucks include minivans, fullsize vans, truck-based SUVs, crossover SUVs, and pickup trucks. The correlation between wheelbase and track width, the components of footprint, is about 0.61 for all light vehicles, 0.62 for cars and 0.48 for light trucks. However, the footprint data used in this analysis does not vary for different versions of the same vehicle model, as curb weight does; the analysis could be improved with more precise data on footprint for different versions of the same vehicle model. Although US fatality risk to drivers (driver fatalities per million registered vehicles) decreases as vehicle footprint increases, there is very little correlation either for all light vehicles (0.01), or cars (0.07) or trucks (0.11). The correlation between footprint and fatality risks cars impose on drivers of other vehicles is also very low (0.01); for trucks the correlation is higher (0.30), with risk to others increasing as truck footprint increases. Fatality risks reported here do not account for differences in annual miles driven, driver age or gender, or crash location by vehicle type or model. It is difficult to account for these factors using data on national fatal crashes because the number of vehicles registered to, for instance, young males in urban areas is not readily available by vehicle type or model. State data on all police-reported crashes can be used to estimate casualty risks that account for miles driven, driver age and gender, and crash location. The number of vehicles involved in a crash can act as a proxy of the number of miles a given vehicle type, or model, is driven per year, and is a preferable unit of exposure to a serious crash than the number of registered vehicles. However, because there are relatively few fatalities in the states providing crash data, we calculate casualty risks, which are the sum of fatalities and serious or incapacitating injuries, per vehicle involved in a crash reported to the police. We can account for driver age/gender and driving location effects by excluding from analysis crashes (and casualties) involving young males and the elderly, and occurring in very rural or very urban counties. Using state data on all police-reported crashes in five states, we find that excluding crashes involving young male and elderly drivers has little effect on casualty risk; however, excluding crashes that occurred in the most rural and most urban counties (based on population density) increases casualty risk for all vehicle types except pickups. This suggests that risks for pickups are overstated unless they account for the population density of the county in which the crashes occur. After removing crashes involving young males and elderly drivers, and those occurring in the most rural and most urban counties, we find that casualty risk in all light-duty vehicles tends to increase with increasing weight or footprint; however, the correlation (R{sup 2}) between casualty risk and vehicle weight is 0.31, while the correlation with footprint is 0.23. These relationships are stronger for cars than for light trucks. The correlation between casualty risk in frontal crashes and light-duty vehicle wheelbase is 0.12, while the correlation between casualty risk in left side crashes and track width is 0.36. We calculated separately the casualty risks vehicles impose on drivers of the other vehicles with which they crash. The correlation between casualty risk imposed by light trucks on drivers of other vehicles and light truck footprint is 0.15, while the correlation with light truck footprint is 0.33; risk imposed on others increases as light truck weight or footprint increases. Our analysis indicates that, after excluding crashes involving young m

Wenzel, Thomas P.

2010-03-02

21

Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

Education in Science, 1996

1996-01-01

22

Divorce Economy  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: Is divorce good for the economy? Some market analysts in South Korea would answer with a resounding "geu rum yo!" That's "Yes!" in Korean. Korea's rapidly rising divorce rate seems to have softened the stigma attached...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2006-08-09

23

Overall Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economy's need for workers originates in the demand for the goods and services that these workers provide. So, to project employment, BLS starts by estimating the components of gross domestic product (GDP) for 2020. GDP is the value of the final goods produced and services provided in the United States. Then, BLS estimates the size--in…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

2012-01-01

24

Global Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module from the Association of American Geographer's Center for Global Geography Education looks into the geographic characteristics of the global economy and the processes linking economic activities at local, regional, and global scales. Four case studies are included in the learning unit, each focusing on a different region (New Zealand, Chile, Central and South America, East/Southeast Asia).

25

Virtual Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched February 26, 1999, Virtual Economy (VE) is an Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), Biz/ed, and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC-UK) learning tool based on the UK governmental model for economic forecasting and planning. This elaborate site contains a "floor plan" for constructing a functional budget and is complete with teacher and student guides, case studies, and model details.

26

Overall Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economy's need for workers originates in the demand for the goods and services that they provide. So, to project employment, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) starts by projecting the gross domestic product (GDP) for 2018. GDP is the value of the final goods produced and services provided in the United States. Then, BLS estimates the…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

2010-01-01

27

Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 48 minute radio broadcast discusses how a switch between using fossil fuels - oil, coal, natural gas - with cleaner burning hydrogen might occur, thereby lowering production of the greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) and stopping global warming. The show also considers a report published in the journal, Science, that says no new technology is needed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is discussion about what national policies could make a hydrogen economy a reality; which renewable energy technologies should be developed and invested in; how hydrogen will be generated and stored; and how best to build the infrastructure needed for a sustainable energy future.

28

Nuclides Economy  

SciTech Connect

Traditionally the subject of discussion about the nuclear technology development is focused on the conditions that facilitate the nuclear power deployment. The main objective of this work is seeking of methodological basis for analysis of the coupling consequences of nuclear development. Nuclide economy is the term, which defines a new kind of society relations, dependent on nuclear technology development. It is rather closed to the setting of problems then to the solving of them. Last year Dr. Jonathan Tennenbaum published in Executive Intelligence Review Vol. 33 no 40 the article entitled as 'The Isotope Economy' where main interconnections for nuclear energy technologies and their infrastructure had been explained on the popular level. There he has given several answers and, therefore, just here we will try to expand this concept. We were interested by this publication because of similarity of our vision of resource base of technologies development. The main paradigm of 'Isotope economy' was expresses by Lyndon H. LaRouche: 'Instead of viewing the relevant resources of the planet as if they were a fixed totality, we must now assume responsibility of man's creating the new resources which will be more than adequate to sustain a growing world population at a constantly improved standard of physical per-capita output, and personal consumption'. We also consider the needed resources as a dynamic category. Nuclide economy and nuclide logistics both are needed for identifying of the future development of nuclear power as far we follow the holistic analysis approach 'from cave to grave'. Thus here we try to reasoning of decision making procedures and factors required for it in frame of innovative proposals development and deployment. The nuclear power development is needed in humanitarian scientific support with maximally deep consideration of all inter-disciplinary aspects of the nuclear power and nuclear technologies implementation. The main objectives for such consideration should be prognosis of all political, social, environmental and infra-structural consequences. Understanding of this necessity turned us to use the formalism of so called techno-dynamics and represent of resources needed for nuclear technology development as dynamic categories. The basic ideas of the methodology of innovative project assessment have been applied for holistic analysis of the development of the nuclear systems. This methodology has been developed for innovative proposals analysis in frame of IAEA INPRO project and it was a consensus product of the wide international expert's society discussions. All aspects of application of radioactivity in the industry and medicine had not been presented because the main ideas are quite evident but scale factor of their using has too big uncertainties. But cyclic character of organizing fuel management for the future development of nuclear technologies was added by cycles of structure materials as well. It has obtained that asymptotically the nuclear technology generates their specific compositions of structure materials. Thus wide scale using of the nuclear power will make new kind of metals that will be materials of nuclear quality. Development of new technologies and their penetration on the market will be accompanied by the several kinds of critical events. Crisis of resource's supplying is only most well known of them. But it is not both the single and not the most important. The model of corporation development made on Marshall's theory unambiguously demonstrates that transition from one technology to another can be made only in conditions of falling of the market. This result does not allow us to predict of time of the optimal transition from one technology basis onto the nets generation but it gives an indicator of readiness for changing of the mainstream. For the analysis of new innovative initiative it has been used the scale factor. Thus it shows that required installed capacity of G.N.E.P. systems will not be less then two hundred GW. Therefore the burner segment of the projected syste ms s

Ivanov, Evgeny; Subbotin, Stanislav [RRC 'Kurchatov institute', Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation)

2007-07-01

29

California's Green Economy  

E-print Network

California's Green Economy California Green Workforce Coalition July 9, 2010 Bonnie Graybill Employment Development Department Labor Market Information Division #12;Understanding the Green Economy What's green economy Demand leads to pressure for additional supply of products and services Survey covers

30

Diversified Business Groups in Emerging Economies Emerging Economies Emerging Economies Emerging Economies Emerging Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Abstract Abstract Abstract Diversified business groups dominate the organizational landscape of many emerging and transition economies. Are these diversified groups good or bad for these economies? How can we explain their emergence and persistence? Why are they so visible and dominant in developing countries but not in devel- oped ones? How should regulatory authorities view them? In this paper

MAITREESH GHATAK; RAJA KALI

31

Practical Token Economies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses special considerations in applying standard token economy techniques to behavior change with the head injured with examples of token economies at three rehabilitation facilities. (DB)

Blackerby, W. F.

1988-01-01

32

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Hand Safety Fireworks Safety Lawnmower Safety Snowblower Safety Pumpkin Carving Safety Gardening Safety Turkey Carving Safety Removing ... Hand Safety Fireworks Safety Lawnmower Safety Snowblower Safety Pumpkin Carving Safety Gardening Safety Turkey Carving Safety Removing ...

33

Antimatter Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Antimatter Economy will bring every country into the 21st century without destroying our environment and turn the Star Trek dream into reality by using antimatter from comets. At the April 2002 joint meeting of the American Physical Society and American Astronomical Society, I announced that comets were composed of antimatter, there were 109 antimatter elements, and the Periodic Table of Elements had been updated to include the antimatter elements. When matter and antimatter come together, energy is produce according to Einstein's equation of mass times the speed of light squared or E = mc2. Antimatter energy creates incredible opportunities for humanity. People in spacecraft will travel to the moon in hours, planets in days, and stars in weeks. Antimatter power will replace fossil plants and produce hydrogen from off-peak electrical power. Hydrogen will supplant gas in cars, trucks, and other vehicles. The billions of ton of coal, billions of barrels of oil, and trillions of cubic feet of natural gas will be used to make trillions of dollars of products to bring countries into the 21st century. Within this millennium, the Worlds Gross National Product will increase from 30 trillion to 3,000 trillion plus 1,500 trillion from space commercialization bringing the Total Gross National Product to 4,500 trillion. Millions of businesses and billions of jobs will be created. However, the real benefits will come from taking billions of people out of poverty and empowering them to pursue their dreams of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. Please visit www.AntimatterEnergy.com.

Hansen, Norm

2004-05-01

34

The Learning Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern economies can be characterised as ‘learning economies’ in which knowledge is the crucial resource and learning is the most important process. Different kinds of learning and economically relevant types of knowledge can likewise be identified. It is argued that pure market economies, if such existed, would have severe problems in terms of learning and innovation. The ‘learning economy’ is

Bengt-äke Lundvall; Björn Johnson

1994-01-01

35

Ecology or Economy  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: File this under "Statistics to the Rescue". Economy or ecology? Ecology or economy? Tough choice. Especially for China which is barreling recklessly ahead in its quest to become top consumer nation. A recent release from...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-07-18

36

Carbohydrate Economy Clearinghouse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A creation of the Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR), the Carbohydrate Economy Clearinghouse (CEC) provides up-to-date information on "all facets of the plant matter-based industrial economy" from paints and inks to fuels and construction materials made from plants. In addition to the latest "new materials economy" news, the CEC site hosts a directory of carbohydrate economy companies as well as ILSR reports on plant matter-based products and technologies (in English, French, and Spanish).

37

ID scanners in the night time economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

ID scanners are quickly emerging as a new technological fix to long-standing problems of security and safety within licensed venues. Yet at this point in time detailed research of this rapidly expanding security technology is remarkably limited. To address this analytical deficit we are currently examining the uptake of ID scanners in licensed venues operating in the nighttime economy. We

Darren Palmer; Ian Warren; Peter Miller

2010-01-01

38

New Economy Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New Economy Index is a series of indicators that are "gathered from existing public and private data, to illustrate fundamental structural changes in the US economy, to show what those changes mean in the lives of working Americans, and to measure the nation's progress in several key foundation areas for future economic growth." The data in this excellent resource are divided into three sections. What's New About the New Economy includes thirteen indications that show the uniqueness and structure of the new technology-based and innovation-based economy. The second section considers the ways in which the New Economy will affect the lives of American workers. Finally, the third section, Foundations for Future Growth, projects the future growth of technology in the US. The site also includes information about the data sources, endnotes, and several side articles. Although the New Economy Index was created in 1998, the information is still valid and useful.

39

Emerging Digital Economy II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An update of the 1998 US Department of Commerce document Emerging Digital Economy (reviewed in the April 17, 1998 Scout Report), the second volume of this annual report shows that, although ecommerce remains less than one percent of the retail share of the economy, it continues to grow, "outpacing last year's most optimistic projections." New chapters and analyses include "Contribution of Information Technology to Gross Product Originating Per Worker" and "Labor Markets in the Digital Economy."

Buckley, Patricia.

40

Nuclear Energy in Asia: Safety Post-Fukushima  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ensuring nuclear safety has been an ongoing and significant concern worldwide. Although the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident has undermined public confidence in its safety, many of Asia's emerging economies still have plans to introduce nuclear energy. This paper analyzes the possible development of nuclear energy in Asia's emerging economies and considers the implications for nuclear safety. The analysis

Takako Kimura

2012-01-01

41

PRECOOLING AND RUNNING ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precooling, or a reduction in core temperature (Tc) has been demonstrated to be a potent enhancer of endurance running performance, however there is no known mechanism for this improvement. By holding the exercise workload constant, changes in variables such as running economy (RE), heart rate, and ventilation (VE) can be determined as a result of precooling. Improved running economy, or

Molly Rebecca Winke

2007-01-01

42

Tanzania: A Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book gives an account of the political economy of Tanzania, tracing the historical processes by which the country developed from pre-colonial trade in slaves and ivory, through German and then British colonial rule, to take its place in the international economy.

Andrew Coulson

1983-01-01

43

Economies of scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working in groups of three, students analyze economies of scale. Each student constructs an individual short-run ATC curve, then the three students collaborate to determine if there are economies or diseconomies of scale and to create the long run ATC.

Mark Maier

44

Predicting Individual Fuel Economy  

SciTech Connect

To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the EPA's 1984 and 2008 estimates based on their prediction bias and accuracy and attempts to improve the prediction of on-road fuel economies based on consumer and vehicle attributes. We examine the usefulness of the EPA fuel economy estimates using a large sample of self-reported on-road fuel economy data and develop an Individualized Model for more accurately predicting an individual driver's on-road fuel economy based on easily determined vehicle and driver attributes. Accuracy rather than bias appears to have limited the usefulness of the EPA 1984 estimates in predicting on-road MPG. The EPA 2008 estimates appear to be equally inaccurate and substantially more biased relative to the self-reported data. Furthermore, the 2008 estimates exhibit an underestimation bias that increases with increasing fuel economy, suggesting that the new numbers will tend to underestimate the real-world benefits of fuel economy and emissions standards. By including several simple driver and vehicle attributes, the Individualized Model reduces the unexplained variance by over 55% and the standard error by 33% based on an independent test sample. The additional explanatory variables can be easily provided by the individuals.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2011-01-01

45

Canadian Economy Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's a bird, it's a plane, no, it's Captain Economy! That's right, at this very comprehensive site devoted to Canada's economy, visitors can ask the little green guy with the cape and dollar sign on his chest for help. In fact, his first feat is to address just what an economy is anyway. The site offers all sorts of statistics about all of the great economic indicators like inflation rate, unemployment rate, exchange rate, etc. Visitors to the site can click on one of the subpages devoted to explaining economic topics such as Key Indicators, Economic Concepts, and Key Economic Events.

46

CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL ECONOMY How to decarbonise the global economy  

E-print Network

CLIMATE CHANGE · GLOBAL ECONOMY How to decarbonise the global economy Today's report on deep efforts of independent experts from 15 countries to find national pathways to making economies based-zero emissions sometime in the second half of this century. This deep cut should occur in a growing world economy

47

Automotive fuel economy. How far should we go  

SciTech Connect

The US Dept. of Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Federal Highway Administration requested the National Research Council to undertake a study of the potential and prospects for improving the fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles produced for the US market. The report presents the results of the study. The charge to the committee was to estimate practically achievable' fuel economy levels in various size classes of new passenger cars and light trucks using gasoline and diesel fuel.

Not Available

1992-01-01

48

GLOBAL MARKETS AND OPEN REGIONAL ECONOMIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an open market economy sub-national regional economies are, in principle, exposed to global markets in the same way as national economies. It follows therefore that, without protection, regional economies face the same risks as national economies, but also the same potential benefits, from participation in the global economy. Therefore, unless policy makers wish to shield regional economies from global

Andrew Harrison

49

Florida's Ocean and Coastal Economies Report  

E-print Network

Phase I Florida's Ocean and Coastal Economies Report Professor Judith Kildow, Principal .......................................................................................... 7 2.1 Ocean Economy 3 Ocean Economy

50

Alaska's Economy: What's Ahead?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review describes Alaska's economic boom of the early 1980s, the current recession, and economic projections for the 1990s. Alaska's economy is largely influenced by oil prices, since petroleum revenues make up 80% of the state government's unrestricted general fund revenues. Expansive state spending was responsible for most of Alaska's…

Alaska Review of Social and Economic Conditions, 1987

1987-01-01

51

Transportation and the Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economy of the Upper Midwest is unique in that it is heavily reliant on manufacturing and agriculture. Both generate significant amounts of freight and are dependent upon efficient transportation systems to remain competitive in the global market. Economists tell us that investing in transportation increases productivity, which enhances competitiveness and brings prosperity. A large number of close correlations between

Ernie Wittwer

2006-01-01

52

Gallup Interactives: Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tool allows the user to see the results of Gallup data on the U. S. economy in a table form by Weekly, Monthly, and Quarterly averages. Some of the indicators are economic outlook, economic conditions, and payroll to population employment. 

Gallup

53

The Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from Jeremy Rifkin looks into the "hydrogen economy"- that is, the potential for hydrogen to fuel our future. In addition to discussing the particulars of fuel cells and other technology, the article touches on important topics like reliance on foreign oil. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Rifkin, Jeremy

54

Visualize Economy Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module from the GeoTech Center provides a link to a zip file including a number of documents on the economy and recession. Students will learn key economic terms, compare unemployment rates and use maps to analyze the data provided. Detailed lesson plans are provided as a part of the zip file.

55

Economy of Command  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation proposes a principle of "economy of command", arguing that it provides a simple and natural explanation for some well-known properties of human language syntax. The focus is on the abstract combinatorial system that constructs the hierarchical structure of linguistic expressions, with long-distance dependencies…

Medeiros, David Peter

2012-01-01

56

Study Some Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The great leader Chairman Mao has called upon us many times to study some political economy. This call is directed not only to comrades engaged in economic work but also to the broad masses of Communist Party members and revolutionary cadres â especially the Party's responsible cadres. \\

Fang Hai

1972-01-01

57

The Moral Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scottish philosophers in the eighteenth century interpreted the market economy as a “civil society,” a path toward freedom and a new morality, separate from monarchal government. They expected markets to be self regulating and expected them to function with ties to a moral life. The market was a civil order, but that vision was destroyed when corporations rose to power

Severyn T. Bruyn

1999-01-01

58

Equality and Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two big events in higher education during 2010 were the implementation of the Equality Act, and the introduction of a new dispensation on fees and funding. The former is intended to promote equality, the latter is premised on the need for economy. In this article, the author focuses on the effect of the latter on the former. He considers this…

Brink, Chris

2012-01-01

59

Token Economies in Rehabilitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavior modification has become a widely known practice in rehabilitation during the past decade. A medium of exchange or token is typically used to facilitate transactions and can be traded for backup reinforcers later on. This review of the use of token economies focuses on groups of individuals usually considered target rehabilitation…

Walls, Richard T.; Nicholas, Heather

1973-01-01

60

Operant Conditioning - Token Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is an Operant Conditioning-Token Economy Program, teaching patients to be responsible for their own behavior, to make choices, and to be motivated to change. The program was instigated with mentally ill patients in a state hospital and was later used with institutionalized mentally handicapped groups. After two years, only four of the…

Montgomery, Jacqueline; McBurney, Raymond D.

61

Nuclear safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics dealing with nuclear safety are addressed which include the following: general safety requirements; safety design requirements; terrestrial safety; SP-100 Flight System key safety requirements; potential mission accidents and hazards; key safety features; ground operations; launch operations; flight operations; disposal; safety concerns; licensing; the nuclear engine for rocket vehicle application (NERVA) design philosophy; the NERVA flight safety program; and the NERVA safety plan.

Buden, D.

1991-01-01

62

GLOBAL ECONOMY AND THE TRIAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global economy is necessary supported by the most world powerful economies: U.S.A., the European Union and Japan. These countries form the Triad. Nowadays, the situation of the Chinese economy and the forecasts about its evolution allow us to consider that the Triad will become another polygon soon. As a result, we tried to analyze the connections between these countries

Romeo Ionescu; Raducan Oprea

63

Instructions for use Second Economy  

E-print Network

Instructions for use #12;- 123 - No. 582011 1969­1988 * 1969­1988 Second Economy 1 Gregory Grossman 2 4 4 4 4 3 07-712 2 1 Horst Brezinski, "The Second Economies­33; Michael Alexeev, "Russian Underground Economy in Transition," in Owen Lippert and Michael Walker, eds

Tachizawa, Kazuya

64

The Political Economy of Inter-  

E-print Network

The Political Economy of Inter- national Relations Robert Gilpin After the end of World War II by the creative use of power in the support of an institutional framework that created a world economy. Gilpin's exposition of the influence of politics on the interna- tional economy was a model of clarity, making

Landweber, Laura

65

Knowledge Economy and Research Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "knowledge economy" has been received with considerable scepticism by scholars within the fields of political economy, social and political philosophy, and higher education. Key arguments within this literature are reviewed in this article to suggest that, despite policy claims, "knowledge economy" does not describe a "new" mode of economic…

Bastalich, Wendy

2010-01-01

66

Transforming America's Energy Economy Transforming America's  

E-print Network

#12;Transforming America's Energy Economy Transforming America's Energy Economy This document #12;Transforming America's Energy Economy A. Introduction: A Call for Action B. Envisioning the Future.5 Energy Efficiency C. Charting the Path Forward 1 #12;Transforming America's Energy Economy

67

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2013-01-01

68

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2012-01-01

69

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2010-01-01

70

Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency  

E-print Network

1015 Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency Ritu Birla* I. Law as Economy: Nomos. Law Inside/Outside Economy of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

71

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2011-01-01

72

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2014-01-01

73

Managing Risk in a Dynamic World Economy  

E-print Network

Managing Risk in a Dynamic World Economy Harold M. Harris, Jr., Geoffery A. Benson and Parr Rosson* U.S. agriculture has undergone dramatic change in the 1990s. New trade poli- cies under NAFTA and GATT opened markets previously closed to some U....S. pro- ducers, but created additional import competition for others. The 1996 farm bill removed the government safety net for some crops, leading to more downside price risk. Economic and political turmoil occurred in the former USSR. China emerged as a...

Harris, Harold M.; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Rosson, C. Parr

1999-06-23

74

Japanese Economy Rallies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday, March 20, 2001, Tokyo share prices rallied due to rumors that the Bank of Japan may try to boost the economy by buying stocks. By Wednesday morning, the Nikkei 225 index surged 7.5 percent after the Japanese yen had hit a 22-month low of 123.5 yen per dollar earlier this week. The national banks have been saddled with massive debts, estimated at 64 trillion yen or $521 billion and have been researching ways to revive their economy. According to Japanese economic ministers, the Japanese government will have a plan for dealing with the national banks' debt within the next six months. The Japanese government's new plan of investing into its banking system worries some US government officials who fear that the falling price of the yen will make Japanese imports cheaper and, therefore, more competitive with products made in the US.

Missner, Emily D.

75

Oscillations in Rational Economies  

PubMed Central

Economic (business) cycles are some of the most noted features of market economies, also ranked among the most serious of economic problems. Despite long historical persistence, the nature and the origin of business cycles remain controversial. In this paper we investigate the problem of the nature of business cycles from the positions of the market systems viewed as complex systems of many interacting market agents. We show that the development of cyclic instabilities in these settings can be traced down to just two fundamental factors – the competition of market agents for market shares in the settings of an open market, and the depression of market caused by accumulation of durable overproduced commodities on the market. These findings present the problem of business cycles in a new light as a systemic property of efficient market systems emerging directly from the free market competition itself, and existing in market economies at a very fundamental level. PMID:24505319

Mishchenko, Yuriy

2014-01-01

76

The Information Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information Economy, maintained by Professor Hal R. Varian, Dean of the School of Information Management and Systems at the University of California, Berkeley, includes online information about "the Economics of the Internet, Information Goods, Intellectual Property and Related Issues." This directory includes a vast number of Websites dealing with topics including electronic publishing; intellectual property; network economics; and security, encryption, and privacy. Each section of the directory is divided into subtopics and includes succinct annotations and reviews of the sites.

77

Research on Green Packaging of Circular Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The circular economy is the resource recycling economy, is the economy of harmonious development between economy and environment, also a kind of ecological economy. Circular economy demands that enterprises' logistics activities be green logistics packaging. The green packaging aims at improving the packing materials reuse, reducing resource consumption and lowering packaging waste pollution to the environment. Implementing green logistics packaging,

Zhang Guirong; Li Dehua; Wang Zhiping; Ma Chenglin

2010-01-01

78

The knowledge economy of Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For regional development specialists and those concerned with local economies, the world of the so-called knowledge economy is tremendously important. Specifically, the knowledge economy is meant to be those segments of the economy that include financial and business services, health care, and education. In Europe, the subject is debated a great deal, and this latest 23-page report by The Work Foundation will no doubt add to that ongoing debate. In their report examining the knowledge economy in Europe (and its recent growth) they note that while the Continent continues to experience some growth in this sector of the economy, future growth may be hindered by a lack of significant investment in its knowledge base. The report also includes an extended definition of this notion of a knowledge economy for those who remain puzzled.

Brinkley, Ian

2006-01-01

79

Comparison between response dynamics in transition economies and developed economies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developed economies, the sign of the price increment influences the volatility in an asymmetric fashion—negative increments tend to result in larger volatility (increments with larger magnitudes), while positive increments result in smaller volatility. We explore whether this asymmetry extends from developed economies to European transition economies and, if so, how such asymmetry changes over time as these transition economies develop and mature. We analyze eleven European transition economies and compare the results with those obtained by analyzing U.S. market indices. Specifically, we calculate parameters that quantify both the volatility asymmetry and the strength of its dependence on prior increments. We find that, like their developed economy counterparts, almost all transition economy indices exhibit a significant volatility asymmetry, and the parameter ? characterizing asymmetry fluctuates more over time for transition economies. We also investigate how the association between volatility and volatility asymmetry varies by type of market. We test the hypothesis of a negative correlation between volatility and volatility asymmetry. We find that, for developed economies, ? experiences local minima during (i) “Black Monday” on October 19, 1987, (ii) the dot-com bubble crash in 2002, and (iii) the 2007-2009 global crisis while for transition economies, ? experiences local maxima during times of economic crisis.

Tenenbaum, Joel; Horvati?, Davor; Baji?, Slavica Cosovi?; Pehlivanovi?, Be?o; Podobnik, Boris; Stanley, H. Eugene

2010-10-01

80

Secondary resources and recycling in developing economies.  

PubMed

Recycling of metals extends the efficient use of minerals and metals, reduces pressure on environment and results in major energy savings in comparison to primary production. In developing economies recycling had been an integral part of industrial activity and has become a major concern due to the handling of potentially hazardous material without any regard to the occupational health and safety (OH&S) needs. With rising awareness and interest from policy makers, the recycling scenario is changing and the large scale enterprises are entering the recycling sector. There is widespread expectation that these enterprises would use the Best Available Technologies (BAT) leading to better environment management and enhanced resource recovery. The major challenge is to enhance and integrate the activities of other stakeholders in the value chain to make recycling an economically viable and profitable enterprise. This paper is an attempt to propose a sustainable model for recycling in the developing economies through integration of the informal and formal sectors. The main objective is to augment the existing practices using a scientific approach and providing better technology without causing an economic imbalance to the present practices. In this paper studies on lead acid batteries and e-waste recycling in India are presented to evolve a model for "green economy". PMID:23768896

Raghupathy, Lakshmi; Chaturvedi, Ashish

2013-09-01

81

The real new economy.  

PubMed

During the soar-and-swoon days of the late 1990s, many people believed that information technology, and the Internet in particular, were "changing everything" in business. A fundamental change did happen in the 1990s, but it was less about technology than about competition. Under director Diana Farrell, the McKinsey Global Institute has conducted an extensive study of productivity and its connection to corporate IT spending and use during that period. The study revealed that information technology is important--but not central--to the fate of industries and individual companies. So if information technology was not the primary factor in the productivity surge, what was? The study points to competition and innovation. In those industries that saw increases in competitive intensity, managers were forced to innovate aggressively to protect their revenues and profits. Those innovations--in products, business practices, and technology--led to the gains in productivity. In fact, a critical dynamic of the new economy--the real new economy--is the virtuous cycle of competition, innovation, and productivity growth. Managers can innovate in many ways, but during the 1990s, information technology was a particularly powerful tool, for three reasons: First, IT enabled the development of attractive new products and efficient new business processes. Second, it facilitated the rapid industrywide diffusion of innovations. And third, it exhibited strong scale economies--its benefits multiplied rapidly as its use expanded. This article reveals surprising data on how various industries in the United States and Europe were affected by competition, innovation, and information technology in the 1990s and offers insights about how managers can get more from their IT investments. PMID:14521102

Farrell, Diana

2003-10-01

82

Relative Economy of Different Methods of Airplane Construction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comparison of the relative economy of airplane construction shows that monoplanes are cheaper than biplanes; that all-metal construction is much more expensive than mixed construction; that multi-engine airplanes are more expensive than single-engine types of the same carrying capacity and speed;that the cost of airplanes is materially reduced by increasing their size without increasing the number of engines. The greatest economy usually coincides with the best aerodynamic and static conditions and the cost is always increased by safety requirements.

Herrmann, H

1931-01-01

83

Microbial food safety - modeling and applications  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Microbial food safety is a key issue for the food processing industry, and enhancing food safety is everyone’s responsibility from food producers to consumers. Financial losses to the economy due to foodborne illness are in the billions of dollars, annually. Foodborne illness can be caused by patho...

84

Macroeconomics in an open economy.  

PubMed

The customary treatment of national economies as closed and self-contained must be substantially modified to allow for those economies that typically trade goods, services, and securities with other countries in increasing volume. Open economy macroeconomics is essential to understanding the major events of the U.S. economy over the past half dozen years. Both the sharp rise in the dollar and the unprecedentedly large U.S. trade deficit are linked to the U.S. budget deficit, as is the drop in the rate of inflation. PMID:17756868

Cooper, R N

1986-09-12

85

Towards a Hydrogen Economy  

SciTech Connect

From electrolysis and thermolysis to production from biomass, hydrogen production methods are falling into place. So is storage, via all modes of gaseous, liquid, slush, and metal hydride systems. But proponents need to address the perception that hydrogen poses a severe safety risk, since the evidence suggests its risks are of the same order of magnitude as gasoline or natural gas.

Sherif, S.A.; Barbir, Frano; Veziroglu, T.N.

2005-07-01

86

Wealth distribution in life-cycle economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the age-wealth distribution produced in life-cycle economies to the corresponding distribution in the US economy. The idea is to calibrate the model economies to match features of the US earnings distribution and then examine the wealth distribution implications of the model economies. The findings are that the calibrated model economies with earnings and lifetime uncertainty can replicate

Mark Huggett

1996-01-01

87

BA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the  

E-print Network

BA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the political, philosophical and social underpinnings of modern economies,andwhomayfeeluncomfortablewiththehighly mathematical to International Relations; Introduction to Political Economy; Problems of World History/End of Empire

Miall, Chris

88

Modeling of Economy Considering Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss main modeling's problems of economy dynamic processes and the reason forecast's absence of economic crisis. We present a structure of complexity level of system and models and discuss expected results concerning crisis phenomena. We formulate the basic perspective directions of the mathematical modeling of economy, including possibility of the analysis of the pre crisis, crisis and post crisis phenomena in economic systems.

Petrov, Lev F.

2009-09-01

89

The Political Economy of Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Political Economy of Terrorism presents a widely accessible political economy approach to the study of terrorism. It applies economic methodology – theoretical and empirical – combined with political analysis and realities to the study of domestic and transnational terrorism. In so doing, the book provides both a qualitative and quantitative investigation of terrorism in a balanced up-to-date presentation that

Walter Enders; Todd Sandler

90

Rome's Imperial Economy: Twelve Essays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imperial Rome has a name for wealth and luxury, but was the economy of the Roman Empire as a whole a success, by the standards of pre-modern economies? In this volume W. V. Harris brings together eleven previously published papers on this much-argued subject, with additional comments to bring them up to date. A new study of poverty and destitution

W. V. Harris

91

Green Jobs and Energy Economy  

E-print Network

Green Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy ThoughT Leadership series Co-authors Daniel M. Kammen Series #4 Green Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy #12;Green is the new blue... blue collar and significant, positive economic impacts. Job creation is an especially pressing issue as we confront both our

Kammen, Daniel M.

92

Why Classroom Token Economies Fail  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reasons for clinical failures of classroom token economies are divided into three groups: (1) Problems associated with the token program itself, (2) Problems associated with the teacher, and (3) Problems associated with the specific population on which the classroom token economy is used. Each of these problem areas is discussed. (Author)

Drabman, Ronald S.; Tucker, Richard D.

1974-01-01

93

Overjustification in a token economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designed a classroom token economy to discover whether demonstrably effective reinforcement procedures would also produce an overjustification effect, indicated by a significant decrement in posttreatment engagement with previously reinforced activities, in the absence of perceived tangible or social rewards. Three different experimental token economy groups formed with 33 4th and 5th graders were compared with a single control group of

David Greene; Betty Sternberg; Mark R. Lepper

1976-01-01

94

Construction safety in Kuwait: issues, procedures, problems, and recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The building construction industry plays a major role in the economy of the state of Kuwait. This paper evaluates existing safety regulations, describes safety procedures adopted by owners, designers, contractors and insurance companies, and assesses the suitability of these regulations and procedures for Kuwait's environment and workforce. It also discusses problems associated with enforcing safety regulations at construction sites. Furthermore,

N. A Kartam; P Koushki

2000-01-01

95

Internet Economy Indicators: January 2001 Internet Economy Indicators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Internet Economy Indicators published in January the third of its biannual reports on the state of the Internet economy (for information on the June 2000 report, see the September 7, 2000 Scout Report for Business & Economics). The latest report finds that "the addition of 612,375 jobs in the Internet Economy in the first six months of 2000 was nearly as much as all of 1999 (when 650,000 jobs were added)." These data apparently belie more dire recent predictions concerning the state of the Internet economy. The report offers data and analysis of employment, revenues, types of jobs, comparison of Internet employment growth to the rest of the economy, comparison of Internet employment growth to revenue growth, and more. Funded by Cisco systems, the report was conducted by the University of Texas. Questions about the influence of corporate sponsors aside, the information here serves as a counterbalance to concerns about dot.com crashes (the report points out that dot.coms make up less than ten percent of the Internet's economy). The full report is offered in .pdf format with an executive summary, key findings, an overview, and selected data also posted on-site in HTML. The site also features an extensive report entitled Dot Coms and Productivity in the Internet Economy as well as an archive of previous biannual reports.

2001-01-01

96

Workforce Development in the Global Economy  

E-print Network

Workforce Development in the Global Economy: LINKING SKILLS AND CAPABILITIES Phil Psilos & Competitiveness Duke University INTRODUCTION NOVEMBER 2011 #12;Workforce Development in the Global Economy competitiveness, and innovation in the knowledge economy. Duke CGGC works with a network of researchers

Richardson, David

97

Fertility and the economy.  

PubMed

Fertility and the economy is examined in the context of the Malthusian question about the links between family choices and longterm economic growth. Micro level differences are not included not are a comprehensive range of economic or determinant variables. Specific attention is paid to income and price effects, the quality of children, overlapping generations, mortality effects, uncertainty, and economic growth. Fertility and the demand for children in linked to parental incomes and the cost of rearing children, which is affected by public policies that change the costs. Demand is also related to child and adult mortality, and uncertainty about sex of the child. Fertility in one generation affects fertility in the next. Malthusian and neoclassical models do not capture the current model of modern economies with rising income/capita and human and physical capital, extensive involvement of married women in the labor force, and declining fertility to very low levels. In spite of the present advances in firm knowledge about the relationships between fertility and economic and social variables, there is still much greater ignorance of the interactions. The Malthusian utility function that says fertility rises and falls with income did hold up to 2 centuries of scrutiny, and the Malthusian inclusion of the shifting tastes in his analysis could be translated in the modern context to include price of children. The inclusion of net cost has significant consequences, i.e., rural fertility can be higher because the cost of rearing when children contribute work to maintaining the farm is lower than in the city. An income tax deduction for children in the US reduces cost. Economic growth raises the cost of children due the time spent on child care becoming more valuable. The modern context has changed from Malthusian time, and the cost of education, training, and medical care is relevant. The implication is that a rise in income could reduce the demand for children when education and training of children increases. Quality is substituted for quantity. The neoclassical model that "the capital-labor ratio and the degree of capital deepening" is affected by population growth is examined as well as the modern approach, and the implications are expressed, i.e., intergenerational transfers and parental altruism. PMID:12285413

Becker, G S

1992-08-01

98

[What is healthy economy?].  

PubMed

Health economics is the branch of economics which is concerned theoretically and practically with the health sector and related subjects such as e.g. the market for medicine and medico-technical equipment. In health economics, the universal basic problem is: Distribution of scarce resources to competing ends and establishment of rules for this. In this respect, (health) economics is knowledge about priorities based on the methodical an appreciative basis of economics. The essence is the absolute or relative scarcity and the existence of alternative uses for the limited resources. Many identify health economics with societal economic analyses: cost-benefit analyses or cost-effectiveness analyses. A great many analyses of this type have been published and these have been employed to an increasing extent in connection with decisions about introduction or alteration of the existing therapeutic or diagnostic methods. Health economics is, however, much more: theoretical and empirical analysis of the demand for health and health services, including the effect of payment-for-service; supplier and producer behaviour including questions about the existence and consequence of supplier-induced demand i.e. the professional health groups may, themselves, determine the extent of the demand and employment for their services to a considerable extent. Analyses of productivity and effectiveness and methods for measuring and assessing health status are two other typical subjects. Thus, in the course of the past 15-20 years, health economy has become established as an academic subject with its own professorships and scientific journals. PMID:2514479

Pedersen, K M; Alban, A; Danneskiold-Samsøe, B

1989-12-18

99

Oregon Agriculture and the Economy  

E-print Network

Oregon Agriculture and the Economy: An Update Oregon State University Extension Service Rural Analyst Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Oregon State University #12;Contents ...........................................................................................................................................12 Agricultural Support Services, Wholesale Trade, Transportation and Warehousing, Retail Trade

Tullos, Desiree

100

Is There a New Economy?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 21-page paper from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is the first of a series of reports on the OECD Growth Project. The report considers whether or not there really is a New Economy, one that is based on technological developments. Along with looking at actual growth factors in the United States, the country most affected by this New Economy, "Is There a New Economy?" also considers the importance of open, competitive markets, financial systems, and the right framework for entrepreneurship. The report concludes by explaining the shift in focus for the second year of the OECD Growth Project. Rather than concentrating on fact-finding, the Project will begin to study policies that could effect the New Economy.

101

Behavioral Economics and Political Economy  

E-print Network

The past and future impact of behavioral economics in the field of political economy is assessed. It is argued that politician leaders operate in an intensely competition environment where the framework of rational choice is compelling. In contrast, rational choice is less compelling when studying the behavior of voters in mass elections where the consequences of each individual’s choices are negligible. A discussion of the literature on why voters bother to vote and on the choices voters make when casting their ballots illustrates the limits of explanations based on rational decision-makers and the potential contribution of behavioral research to the study of political economy. JEL classifications: A12, D72. In spite of the growing influence of behavioral decision theory and social psychology in many of the subfields of economics, psychological research has had relatively little impact in the field of political economy so far. Why the field of political economy has resisted the incorporation of

Michael Wallerstein; Michael Wallerstein

102

Essays in open economy macroeconomics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of two essays on open economy macroeconomics. The first essay is on imperfect asset substitutability and current account dynamics. It is divided into four chapters. The first chapter in this ...

Ghosh, Indradeep, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

103

Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy  

E-print Network

23 Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy Jérôme Blanc* and Denis Colongo** T he European economy(1) . The central theme of the conference was the contributions of cooperatives to a plural economy and solidarity economy and elsewhere, and some of them draw on Karl Polanyi's conceptual framework (a key

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

104

The First New Economy Business Cycle  

E-print Network

The First New Economy Business Cycle T he exact shape and composition of the full new economy confidently be said that the first new economy recession has probably run its course and the economic abyss successfully skirted. It is reasonable to assert that the first new economy recovery has begun, even

105

Safety Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five articles in this issue focus on safety education in agricultural laboratories. Topics discussed include teacher liability; elements of a safety instruction program; state and federal safety standards; ground fault current protection; and eye protection requirements and equipment. (SK)

Daniels, James H.; And Others

1980-01-01

106

Toy Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... organizations to advocate for the removal of rare-earth magnets from the marketplace. We put together a ... Safety Child Pedestrian Safety International Walk to School Day Halloween Safety Environmental Task Forces CPS Certification Training ...

107

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Travel & Motor Vehicle Safety En Español Travel & Motor Vehicle Safety Pedestrian Safety Main Points Emergency physicians treat ... patients each year who are injured by motor vehicles while walking. Sixty-eight thousand pedestrians were injured ...

108

From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy  

E-print Network

From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy By Herman Daly A steady-state economy of negative growth, a depression such as we are entering now, is a failed-growth economy, not a steady-state economy. Halting an accelerating downward spiral is necessary but is not the same thing as resuming

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

109

The Methanol Economy Project  

SciTech Connect

The Methanol Economy Project is based on the concept of replacing fossil fuels with methanol generated either from renewable resources or abundant natural (shale) gas. The full methanol cycle was investigated in this project, from production of methanol through bromination of methane, bireforming of methane to syngas, CO{sub 2} capture using supported amines, co-electrolysis of CO{sub 2} and water to formate and syngas, decomposition of formate to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}, and use of formic acid in a direct formic acid fuel cell. Each of these projects achieved milestones and provided new insights into their respective fields. ? Direct electrophilic bromination of methane to methyl bromide followed by hydrolysis to yield methanol was investigated on a wide variety of catalyst systems, but hydrolysis proved impractical for large-scale industrial application. ? Bireforming the correct ratio of methane, CO{sub 2}, and water on a NiO / MgO catalyst yielded the right proportion of H{sub 2}:CO (2:1) and proved to be stable for at least 250 hours of operation at 400 psi (28 atm). ? CO{sub 2} capture utilizing supported polyethyleneimines yielded a system capable of adsorbing CO{sub 2} from the air and release at nominal temperatures with negligible amine leaching. ? CO{sub 2} electrolysis to formate and syngas showed considerable increases in rate and selectivity by performing the reaction in a high pressure flow electrolyzer. ? Formic acid was shown to decompose selectively to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} using either Ru or Ir based homogeneous catalysts. ? Direct formic acid fuel cells were also investigated and showed higher than 40% voltage efficiency using reduced loadings of precious metals. A technoeconomic analysis was conducted to assess the viability of taking each of these processes to the industrial scale by applying the data gathered during the experiments to approximations based on currently used industrial processes. Several of these processes show significant promise for industrial scale up and use towards improving our nation’s energy independence.

Olah, George; Prakash, G.K.

2013-12-31

110

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination...

2014-10-01

111

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel...

2010-10-01

112

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel...

2011-10-01

113

78 FR 46799 - Use of Market Economy Input Prices in Nonmarket Economy Proceedings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...120424022-3616-02] RIN 0625-XC001 Use of Market Economy Input Prices in Nonmarket Economy Proceedings AGENCY: Import Administration...normally will use the price that a nonmarket economy (``NME'') producer pays to a market...

2013-08-02

114

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel...

2012-10-01

115

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel...

2013-10-01

116

National Academies: The Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This news release from the National Academies reviews findings on the challenges and opportunities for a Hydrogen Economy. According to the report, "A transition to hydrogen as a major fuel in the next 50 years could significantly change the U.S. energy economy, reducing air emissions and expanding domestic energy resources, but technical, economic, and infrastructure barriers need to be overcome." A link to the full report online includes chapters on: A Framework for Thinking About the Hydrogen Economy, The Demand Side: Hydrogen End-Use Technologies, Transportation, Distribution, and Storage of Hydrogen, Supply Chains for Hydrogen and Estimated Costs of Hydrogen Supply, Implications of a Transition to Hydrogen in Vehicles for the U.S. Energy System, Carbon Capture and Storage, Hydrogen Production Technologies, and Crosscutting Issues. The Executive Summary includes some implications for policy. This site is also reviewed in the February 27, 2004 _NSDL MET Report_.

117

Overjustification effects in token economies.  

PubMed Central

This study tested the relevance to clinical token economies of the overjustification hypothesis that tangible reward interferes with intrinsic interest in target behaviors and causes such behaviors to be less probable following a period of reinforcement than preceding such a period. The study was carried out in an ongoing token economy for chronic psychiatric patients. Alternated over an 8-week period were weeks of token and no-token reward for one of the program's target behaviors, toothbrushing. Two different amounts of token reward were employed in order to examine whether reward magnitude might influence the presence or extent of overjustification effects. Little evidence was found for the presence of overjustification effects in token economies. However, maintenance of toothbrushing was greater in no-token weeks following weeks of low amounts of token reward than in no-token weeks following weeks of higher amounts of reward. The importance of such complex functional relationships is discussed. PMID:511808

Fisher, E B

1979-01-01

118

Radiation processing and market economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the system of totalitarian economy, regulated by bureaucracy, the real value of equipment, materials and services is almost completely unknown, what makes impossible the comparison of different technologies, eliminates competition, disturbs research and development. With introduction of market economy in Central and Eastern Europe, the radiation processing has lost doubtful support, becoming an independent business, subject to laws of free market economy. Only the most valuable objects of processing have survived that test. At the top of the list are: radiation sterilization of medical equipment and radiation induced crosslinking of polymers, polyethylene in particular. New elements of competition has entered the scene, as well as questions of international regulations and standards have appeared.

Zagórski, Z. P.

1998-06-01

119

Diverging Trends in Austria's Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The turbulence on the international financial markets has markedly slowed down the growth of the global economy. Exports and manufacturing output in Austria were increasingly affected by these developments in the fall of 1998; the business climate worsened in the fourth quarter in the manufacturing sector. Despite these setbacks, domestic demand remained robust. Consumer confidence continued on its upward trend

Ewald Walterskirchen

1998-01-01

120

New economy in der Krise?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Der scharfe konjunkturelle Einbruch in den USA seit Beginn des vergangenen Jahres hat in der breiten Öffentlichkeit zur Frage geführt, ob sich die zuvor viel gepriesene New Economy als Illusion erweisen könnte. Doch von den Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT) gehen auch weiterhin zunehmend wichtige Impulse für die Gesamtwirtschaft aus. Wie kann die große Unsicherheit über die mittel- bis langfristigen Entwicklungstrends

Georg Erber; Harald Hagemann

2002-01-01

121

Southwestern Utah Population and Economy  

E-print Network

1 Southwestern Utah Population and Economy: A Five County View Southern Utah Planning Authorities Council Cedar City, Utah June 5, 2008 Pamela S. Perlich, Ph.D. Senior Research Economist Bureau of Economic & Business Research University of Utah #12;2 Perlich, BEBR, U of U Funding Partners

Provancher, William

122

Growing the green economy globally  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategies for global sustainability and growing the green economy must address current economic models driving today's unsustainable forms of globalisation. Technological innovation is needed to shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy, recycling and redesign industrial processes. More fundamental strategy levels need re-examining: policy models, assumptions, institutional inertia and cultural values fuelling today's drive toward increasing unsustainability. Conventional economic models

Hazel Henderson

2007-01-01

123

Asia in the World Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Asia in the World Economy (AWE) is a "comprehensive web resource on Asia" from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. The site features maps, "best sites," and country profiles of China, Japan, India, and beyond, in addition to a webliography of regional resources with economic, political, and news media information.

124

The Political Economy of Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Political Economy of Terrorism, first published in 2006, presents a widely accessible approach to the study of terrorism that combines economic methods with political analysis and realities. It applies economic methodology - theoretical and empirical - with political analysis to the study of domestic and transnational terrorism. Included in the treatment are historical aspects of the phenomenon, a discussion

Walter Enders; Todd Sandler

125

Schools for a Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English schools have always been involved with the economy of their time, but it was not until the mid-nineteenth century that schooling for the poor became primarily an adjunct of industry, rather than of the Church. This industrial style of education, preparation for the production line, still informs the school system, though Britain is no…

MacDonald, Gerard

2005-01-01

126

Energy, environment, and the economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This publication was conceived as a collection of energy and environment related papers presented at two seminars: Energy, Economy and the Environment held at Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, November 1980; and Ecological Implications of Energy Production which was organized during the 57th Annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science at Lancaster, PA, April 1981. Various aspects of energy related

Majumdar

1981-01-01

127

The Cultural Economy of Paris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cultural economy is defined in terms of a set of sectors ranging from certain traditional artisanal industries like clothing or jewelry on the one side, to newer media industries like sound recording or television program production on the other. I provide an overview of the industrial dynamic of French society since the Second World War and I assess its

Allen J. Scott

2005-01-01

128

The Cultural Economy of Paris  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cultural economy is defined in terms of a set of sectors ranging from certain traditional artisanal industries like clothing or jewelry on the one side, to newer media industries like sound recording or television program production on the other. This article provides an overview of the industrial dynamic of French society since the second world war and assesses its

Allen J. Scott

2000-01-01

129

The Political Economy of Dictatorship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although much of the world still lives today, as always, under dictatorship, the behaviour of these regimes and of their leaders often appears irrational and mysterious. In The Political Economy of Dictatorship, Ronald Wintrobe uses rational choice theory to model dictatorships: their strategies for accumulating power, the constraints on their behavior, and why they are often more popular than is

Ronald Wintrobe

130

Enterprise Skills for the Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose ? In response to the emergence of an enterprise economy, government claims that building an enterprise culture is vital. Correspondingly, provision of entrepreneurship education in higher education has expanded. The paper aims to assess the potential of entrepreneurship education to develop skills, and of whether students perceive them as…

Galloway, Laura; Anderson, Maggie; Brown, Wendy; Wilson, Laura

2005-01-01

131

Green Jobs and Energy Economy  

E-print Network

Green Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy THOUGHT LEADERSHIP SERIES Co-authors Ditlev Engel, Chief Simons Januario Vestas Wind Systems A/S Thought Leadership Series #4 Green Jobs and the Clean Energy environmental bene ts from reduced greenhouse gas emissions and signi cant, positive economic impacts. Job

Kammen, Daniel M.

132

Murphy's Moral Economy of Labor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Praises and summarizes James Bernard Murphy's "The Moral Economy of Labor: Aristotelian Themes in Economic Theory." Linking economic theories from Adam Smith to Karl Marx, Murphy criticizes traditional economic and social thinking regarding the division of labor. He proposes an integration of conceptualization and execution to humanize labor. (MJP)

Masters, Roger D.

1996-01-01

133

Application of CSA to coal enterprise's management in safety production  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is a big coal producer in the world. The frequent safety accidents during coal production adversely influence the enterprises' production and the society's harmony, and bring great damage to the national economy. The enterprises should apply Control Self-Assessment to the safety in production, and evaluate its implementation of internal control. While improving the control environment, the management section of

Wujiao; Xuqun

2010-01-01

134

The political economy of electricity market liberalization  

E-print Network

of governments and educational/professional background of leaders have played and will play a crucial role throughout the reform process. Adapting a political economy perspective, this paper attempts to discover the impact of political economy variables...

Erdogdu, Erkan

2012-05-17

135

a People Strategy for nevada's economy  

E-print Network

CraCking the Code on SteM a People Strategy for nevada's economy Science Technology engineering Ma for nevada's economy #12;3CraCking the Code on SteM: a PeoPLe Strategy for nevada'S eConoMy executive Summary in the state's emerging SteM economy. the upshot: without concerted action to prepare more nevadans for jobs

Hemmers, Oliver

136

Fuel Economy Standards for New Light Trucks (released in AEO2007)  

EIA Publications

In March 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) finalized Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards requiring higher fuel economy performance for light-duty trucks in model year (MY) 2008 through 2011. Unlike the proposed CAFE standards discussed in Annual Energy Outlook 2006, which would have established minimum fuel economy requirements by six footprint size classes, the final reformed CAFE standards specify a continuous mathematical function that determines minimum fuel economy requirements by vehicle footprint, defined as the wheelbase (the distance from the front axle to the center of the rear axle) times the average track width (the distance between the center lines of the tires) of the vehicle in square feet.

2007-01-01

137

Digital Economy and Management in Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the digital economy and its impact on the firm. Highlights include subsectors of the digital economy, including infrastructure; analysis of the digital economy in Spain; analysis of the ICT (information and communication technology) sector in Spain; and electronic commerce through the Internet. (LRW)

del Aguila, Ana R.; Padilla, Antonio; Serarols, Christian; Veciana, Jose M.

2003-01-01

138

Regional Report New Jersey's New Economy  

E-print Network

Rutgers Regional Report New Jersey's New Economy Growth Challenges James W. Hughes Dean Edward J July 2006 #12;advanced new-economy peers--New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts--have been experi- encing employment declines in the post­2000 period in a number of important "new economy" sectors

139

a People Strategy for nevada's economy  

E-print Network

CraCking the Code on SteM a People Strategy for nevada's economy Science Technology engineering Ma the SteM economy: What it is and Why it Matters .............................................................................10 nevada's hidden SteM economy--trends .............................13 assessing nevada's Workforce

Hemmers, Oliver

140

NEW ECONOMY NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch  

E-print Network

June 2000 NEW ECONOMY ­ NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch Massachusetts Institute of Technology Until recently the new economy" was reigning supreme: there was the boom--no inflation to speak of, stocks at all to the new economy. But now everything looks a bit different. There are signs of inflation in product

Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

141

Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine  

E-print Network

323 Chapter 10 Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine Introduction In this chapter we build on the observation that island economies, and especially small ones (population below one of development strategies. Common elements of "islandness" may serve to define island economies as a general

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1  

E-print Network

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 53 #12;THE Basics The very basic notion that governs) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 53 #12;Solving for P The (N

Vardeman, Stephen B.

143

Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities  

E-print Network

Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities #12;www.universities-scotland.ac.uk #12 sector can continue to grow to the benefit of Scotland's economy and society. Andrew Dixon, Chief. Universities play a major role in the creative economy in identifying and growing talent and skills as well

Hall, Christopher

144

The Political Economy of Transition Grard Roland  

E-print Network

1 The Political Economy of Transition Gérard Roland Gérard Roland is Professor of Economics on an earlier draft. He also thanks symposium participants in Prague, March 23 2001. #12;2 Political economy of reforms. The political economy argument in favor of gradualism was that an appropriate sequencing

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

145

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2  

E-print Network

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 52 #12;Kinds of Production Costs Costs incurred). Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 52 #12;Costs and Production Volume

Vardeman, Stephen B.

146

The food industry and provincial economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the significance of the food industry for the Zhejiang provincial economy and for provincial economies generally. It is suggested that the strong ties between the food industry and provincial economies in China means that the food industry can be a key influence in the economic development of regional China. Moreover, the geographically diffuse nature of the food

Greg Walsh MA; Duo Li

2004-01-01

147

Structure and Scale in the Roman Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book by the author of The Economy of the Roman Empire: Quantitative Studies considers important interlocking themes. Did the Roman Empire have a single 'national' economy, or was its economy localised and fragmented? Can coin and pottery survivals demonstrate the importance of long-distance trade? How fast did essential news travel by sea, and what does that imply about Mediterranean

Richard Duncan-Jones

1990-01-01

148

Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas  

E-print Network

Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions constraint? Implications for energy and climate

149

Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... More Information Health and Nutrition Information for Preschoolers Food Safety Preschoolers' immune systems are still developing. This ... more about food safety Resources for Nutrition & Health Food Groups & Related Topics Fruits Vegetables Grains Protein Foods ...

150

Safety teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Safety teams have become a popular means to recognize and prevent injuries in the workplace. In fact, organizations, such as OSHA, NIOSH, NIEHS, DOE, and the Ohio BWC, not only encourage safety teams, but have implemented them in their organizations. However, safety teams may not be legal as defined by NLRB Act Sections 2(5) and 8(a)(2). Objective: To determine

Joseph R. Muscatello; Brian P. Heshizer

2002-01-01

151

75 FR 34520 - The Future of Aviation Advisory Committee (FAAC) Aviation Safety Subcommittee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...challenges, and opportunities of the global economy. The Aviation Safety...develop a list of priority safety issues to be referred to the full committee...and identification of priority issues for the second Subcommittee...Develop a list of priority safety issues to be referred to the full...

2010-06-17

152

Open-economy inflation targeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylized realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation, and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not limit the variability of CPI inflation

Lars E. O. Svensson

2000-01-01

153

Open-Economy Inflation Targeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylised realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not only limit the variability of CPI

Lars E. O. Svensson

1998-01-01

154

Encyclopedia of the New Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Wired magazine, the Encyclopedia of the New Economy is a compendium of the key issues and terms that define the creation, buying, and selling of communication technology products. Terms are listed in alphabetical order and include both catch phrases and overviews. Wired Encyclopedia authors not only create a useful list of concepts, they also stimulate further thought on the controversies inherent in information technologies by leaving many definitions open-ended.

155

Design Incentives to Increase Vehicle Size Created from the U.S. Footprint-based Fuel Economy Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study evaluates whether the amendment which determines fuel economy targets based on vehicle footprint (wheel base by track width) to the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards creates an incentive for manufactures to produce larger vehicles. By using an “oligopolistic-equilibrium model” while considering a range of customer preferences, it is determined that this amendment does create an incentive for manufacturers to produce larger vehicles; especially in light trucks. By producing these larger vehicles, there are the negative effects of lower fuel economy, higher emissions, worse vehicle performance, and higher traffic safety risks.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

156

Theorizing the carbon economy: introduction to the special issue The term `carbon economy'often has an adjective placed nearby: the `new'carbon economy,  

E-print Network

of carbon capture and storage and nuclear technologies. These dimensionsöand surface-level to deeperTheorizing the carbon economy: introduction to the special issue The term `carbon economy'often has an adjective placed nearby: the `new'carbon economy, the `low' carbon economy, the carbon `neutral' economy

157

Middle East food safety perspectives.  

PubMed

Food safety and quality assurance are increasingly a major issue with the globalisation of agricultural trade, on the one hand, and intensification of agriculture, on the other. Consumer protection has become a priority in policy-making amongst the large economies of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries following a number of food safety incidents. To enhance food safety, it is necessary to establish markets underpinned by knowledge and resources, including analysis of international rejections of food products from MENA countries, international laboratory accreditation, improved reporting systems and traceability, continued development and validation of analytical methods, and more work on correlating sensory evaluation with analytical results. MENA countries should develop a national strategy for food safety based on a holistic approach that extends from farm-to-fork and involves all the relevant stakeholders. Accordingly, food safety should be a regional programme, raising awareness among policy- and decision-makers of the importance of food safety and quality for consumer protection, food trade and economic development. PMID:24415527

Idriss, Atef W; El-Habbab, Mohammad S

2014-08-01

158

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer`s surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer`s surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Duleep, K.G. [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)

1992-03-01

159

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer's surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))

1992-03-01

160

The impact of health on Kentucky's economy.  

PubMed

All states are strongly committed to economic development policies and activities as participants in national and global competition. However, a sometimes overlooked and perhaps under appreciated influence on economic development is the health of a state's citizens. This study focuses on how the health status of Kentucky profoundly influences its economy, workforce, productivity, and general quality of life. If Kentucky's economy is to improve significantly, as compared to other states, significant improvements in the health status of its citizens must be achieved in the near future and sustained over time. In an era of growing concern about rising health insurance costs and maintaining a reliable and productive workforce, employers are increasingly likely to locate in communities where measures of health status are strongly positive. The latest report from the United Health Foundation indicates that in 2007 Kentucky had the 8th worst health status in the nation based on a set of risk factors and outcomes. These risk factors include personal behaviors, community and environment, and public health policies that culminate in key health outcomes related to quality of life and longevity. While it is a serious challenge, our research demonstrates that many of these risk factors can be lowered through relatively low cost and effective interventions that produce substantial improvements in health and Kentucky's rank. Health education is very effective when it begins early in life and continues to emphasize the importance of healthy behaviors, such as not smoking, healthy diets and exercise, and weight control. Preventive health services that identify and treat diseases and conditions that lead to premature death increase both longevity and economic growth through lower treatment costs for chronic diseases and an increase in human capital. Policy changes, such as primary enforcement of motor vehicle seat belt use and encouragement of the use of safety equipment at work, also saves lives and contributes to economic development. Kentucky has already implemented many programs to begin the necessary transformation to a healthier Commonwealth. Creation of additional programs and expansion of those successful ones in place are keys to producing both significant health change and economic growth. PMID:18777698

Anderson, Danielle; Asher, Linda M; Whitler, Elmer; Wilson, Emery A

2008-07-01

161

Feebates, Footprints and Highway Safety  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an analysis of a market-based policy aimed at encouraging manufacturers to develop more fuel efficient vehicles without affecting the car buyer s choice of vehicle size. A vehicle s size is measured by its footprint , the product of track width and wheelbase. Traditional market-based policies to promote higher fuel economy, such as higher gasoline taxes or gas guzzler taxes, also induce motorists to purchase smaller vehicles. Whether or not such policies affect overall road safety remains controversial, however. Feebates, a continuous schedule of new vehicle taxes and rebates as a function of vehicle fuel consumption, can also be made a function of vehicle size, thus removing the incentive to buy a smaller vehicle. A feebate system based on a vehicle s footprint creates the same incentive to adopt technology to improve fuel economy as simple feebate systems while removing any incentive for manufacturers or consumers to downsize vehicles.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2009-01-01

162

Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.  

SciTech Connect

After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

2007-01-01

163

ATV Safety  

E-print Network

, Extension Safety Program The Texas A&M University System Source: All-Terrain Vehicle 2001 Injury and Exposure Studies. Consumer Product Safety Commission. January 2003. Causes of Injuries and Fatalities ATV accidents are rarely caused by design flaws. Most... of those laws are summarized below. Certification requirements. A person may not oper- ate an ATV on public property unless he or she attends a state-approved ATV safety training course and holds a safety certificate, or unless he or she is under...

Smith, David

2004-09-16

164

Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

165

Fuel Economy of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (released in AEO2005)  

EIA Publications

The U.S. fleet of light-duty vehicles consists of cars and light trucks, including minivans, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and trucks with gross vehicle weight less than 8,500 pounds. The fuel economy of light-duty vehicles is regulated by the (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) CAFE standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Currently, the CAFE standard is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for cars and 20.7 mpg for light trucks. The most recent increase in the CAFE standard for cars was in 1990, and the most recent increase in the CAFE standard for light trucks was in 1996.

2005-01-01

166

76 FR 17808 - Final Vehicle Safety Rulemaking and Research Priority Plan 2011-2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Economy Rulemaking and Research Priority Plan 2011-2013...anticipate that the research will be done by the...Safety Rulemaking and Research Priority Plan 2011-2013...instructions, or visit Docket Management Facility at U.S....

2011-03-31

167

Car Fuel Economy at Low  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new report issued by the Department of Transportation found that overall fuel economy for new passenger cars and trucks has dropped to an average of 24.7 miles per gallon. This is the lowest average gas mileage since 1980; in 1987, gas mileage peaked at 26.2 mpg. The blame for the US' poor fuel economy has been placed on Americans' love of gas-thirsty sport utility vehicles including the seven-ton Ford Excursion, the largest SUV manufactured, which averages only 10 mpg. The timely DOT report has been released as prices for gasoline have quickly risen to an average of over $1.70 per gallon, meaning that many consumers are paying over $30 to fill their tanks. In light of President Bush's new energy plan and the skyrocketing costs at the gas pumps, automobile companies are offering duel-fuel vehicles, which burn ethanol and gas/ electric hybrid cars. However, as one writer for Forbes.com points out, " [T]hese hybrids won't do as well in winter and won't tow as much."

Missner, Emily D.

2001-01-01

168

Brazil & the Latin American Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News follows repercussions of world financial crises in the key Latin American economy of Brazil. The nine resources discussed provide background information, press coverage, and economic data on Brazil and related economies. With a population of 164 million and GDP of $480 billion, Brazil represents Latin America's largest economic force. Heavy US financial investments, however, tie Brazil directly to Dow Jones Industrial Average falls (reviewed in the September 10, 1998 Scout for Business & Economics) and their Asian and Russian causes (reviewed in the July 16, 1998 _Scout Report for Business & Economics_--http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/report/bus-econ/1998/be-980716txt.html#22). International concern for Latin America grew when Brazil lost $1.8 billion in foreign capital following drops in the Dow, September 10, 1998--a decisive factor in stock tumbles in Mexico and Venezuela as well. Such damaging results led to a bold rise in interest rates from the Banco Central do Brasil and negotiations with the IMF. A US and Brazilian market rally since September 11, however, leaves many officials hopeful for a stable Latin American future.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

169

Safety issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the NASA safety review process is to make sure that any system hazards that can endanger the manned flight system are precluded. The systems that address manned flight in a payload safety review process are discussed. The types of basic hazards that are normally addressed on any of the payloads are: contamination, electrical shock, explosions, radiation, and temperature extremes.

Rohal, R.

1991-01-01

170

Surveying Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a safety program for teaching science. In the summer of 1999, specific Wisconsin safety laws, codes, and standards were researched and a training program including content, training sites, and dates was developed. One-day training programs were planned for six regions throughout the state. (SAH)

Gerlovich, Jack A.; Whitsett, John; Lee, Shelley; Parsa Rahul

2001-01-01

171

Safety First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ned Miller does not take security lightly. As director of campus safety and emergency management at the Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC), any threat requires serious consideration. As community college administrators adopt a more proactive approach to campus safety, many institutions are experimenting with emerging technologies, including…

Taft, Darryl

2011-01-01

172

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

173

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Tip #22  

E-print Network

for out-of-control vehicles. Wear hearing protection and a safety vest. Wear a hard hat and safety goggles to protect yourself from branches and flying debris. Wear leather gloves and boots that have hard toes, facilities, and employment without regard to race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital

Minnesota, University of

174

Child Care and the New Economy: Part I--Three Pillars of the New Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Late in 2008, when it was becoming apparent that the economic downturn was not a simple blip but a serious recession, Warren Buffet confidently predicted that the American economy would bounce back and be as strong as ever. However, he observed, "the economy that emerges will not be the same economy that entered the downturn." Since then, one…

Neugebauer, Roger

2009-01-01

175

Money Distributions in Chaotic Economies  

E-print Network

This paper considers the ideal gas-like model of trading markets, where each individual is identified as a gas molecule that interacts with others trading in elastic or money-conservative collisions. Traditionally this model introduces different rules of random selection and exchange between pair agents. Real economic transactions are complex but obviously non-random. Consequently, unlike this traditional model, this work implements chaotic elements in the evolution of an economic system. In particular, we use a chaotic signal that breaks the natural pairing symmetry $(i,j)\\Leftrightarrow(j,i)$ of a random gas-like model. As a result of that, it is found that a chaotic market like this can reproduce the referenced wealth distributions observed in real economies (the Gamma, Exponential and Pareto distributions).

Carmen Pellicer-Lostao; Ricardo Lopez-Ruiz

2009-06-10

176

CIO in a Service Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has evolved considerably since its inception in the 1980s. This paper begins with a brief review of the evolution of this role and sets the stage for future change brought about by the rise of the service economy. The enterprise of the future is then characterized based on an important global study by IBM. Using this characterization, the future challenges for CIOs in areas such as strategic planning, governance and operations management of information technology services are assessed from the perspectives of the four major elements of a service system (technology, people, organization and shared information). The paper concludes with a summary of the important findings, pointing to the challenge that CIOs of the future must be the leaders in their organizations in the delivery of smarter, on-demand service systems to smarter customers.

Sorenson, Paul G.

177

The Hydrogen Economy as a Technological Bluff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hydrogen economy is a technological bluff in its implied assurance that, despite the accelerating pace at which we are depleting the remaining half of our fossil fuels, our energy future is secure. Elementary thermodynamic considerations are developed to show that a hydrogen economy is about as feasible as a perpetual motion machine. Hydrogen…

Vanderburg, Willem H.

2006-01-01

178

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide protests against the perceived lack of economic opportunity and failure of governance have refocused attention on the need for inclusive growth and strong institutions. In developing countries, large informal economies limit state capacity to deliver governance and strong institutions, which in turn discourages participation in and expansion of the formal economy. This paper analyzes the determinants of the underground

Anoop Singh; Sonali Jain-Chandra; Adil Mohommad

2012-01-01

179

Getting Tenure in a Down Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic tenure is now under attack. A down economy has placed greater pressure on institutions making tenure more difficult to obtain. Nineteen tips for gaining tenure in a down economy are presented along with several justifications for tenure and why tenure is important for the preservation of the academy and the freedom to research and teach.

Shaw, Darla; Maidment, Fred

2010-01-01

180

Knowledge Production in a Cooperative Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge here means something similar to but broader than science--it is reliable but not necessarily as systematic or explicit. A cooperative economy is contrasted with the competitive economy that has dominated political thinking almost everywhere for about half a century - the neo-liberal period. It is argued that the neo-liberal ideology and…

Cottey, Alan

2014-01-01

181

Political Capital in a Market Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research applies a transaction-focused institutional analysis to compare the value of political capital in different institutional domains of China's market economy. Our results show that the value of political capital is associated with institutional domains of the economy in which agents can use political connections to secure advantages.…

Nee, Victor; Opper, Sonja

2010-01-01

182

Manufacturing Careers, Skilled Workers and the Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to jumpstart the economy, "Made in the U.S.A." needs to be synonymous with in-demand, high-quality products sold throughout the world. Recognizing the importance of the manufacturing industry and its connection to a healthy economy, President Obama addressed Carnegie Mellon University and launched the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership…

Martino, Lisa

2011-01-01

183

AmosWeb: Ask Mr. Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Orley Amos, Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University, Ask Mr. Economy is a weekly section of the AmosWorld site where questions on economic matters are answered. The answers provide a mixture of humor and economic concept description. Users can search topics covered in Ask Mr. Economy in the economic glossary.

Amos, Orley M., 1954-.

184

Government and the Economy--Stabilization Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the operation of public and private sector mechanisms which work to keep the Canadian economy stable. Part I discusses the many sources of instability in the Canadian economy. Instability is measured primarily in fluctuations in aggregate income or gross national product. Two important contributors to economic fluctuations…

Popkin, John W.

185

Inflation Targeting in Emerging Market Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses inflation targeting in emerging market economies (EMEs), and develops applied prescriptions for the conduct of monetary policy and inflation-targeting design in EMEs. We verify that EMEs have faced more acute trade-offs higher output and inflation volatility and worse performance than developed economies. These results stem from more pronounced external shocks, lower credibility, and lower level of development

Arminio Fraga; Ilan Goldfajn; Andre Minella

2003-01-01

186

Equilibrium analysis of an economy with innovations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a model of an economy with innovations. Innovations are goods that are identified with a set of their qualities. This allows us to consider innovations as elements of a lattice. In a model of an economy with a lattice structure of goods, we study the existence and optimality of equilibria.

Vladimir I. Danilov; Gleb A. Koshevoy; Alexandr I. Sotskov

1997-01-01

187

The Political Economy of Lighthouses Laurent CARNIS  

E-print Network

1 The Political Economy of Lighthouses Laurent CARNIS Carnis Laurent (2003) "The Provision of Lighthouses Services: a Political Economy Perspective", Public Choice, Vol. 157(1): 51-56. http-012-9951-y #12;2 Introduction 2011 was the 200th anniversary of the establishment of the Lighthouse

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

188

THE SOUTH CAROLINA ECONOMY AND GOVERNMENT REVENUE  

E-print Network

THE SOUTH CAROLINA ECONOMY AND GOVERNMENT REVENUE A Working Paper Prepared for the Palmetto Institute Columbia, South Carolina November 18, 2005 Strom Thurmond Institute of Government and Public Affairs · Clemson University · Clemson SC 29634-0125 #12;THE SOUTH CAROLINA ECONOMY AND GOVERNMENT REVENUE

Almor, Amit

189

The Rural Economy in a New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological change, globalization, and localization have changed rural economies. They have increased labor productivity, reducing the importance of labor costs in location decisions; decreased the importance of distance; increased the importance of economies of scale; and increased the role of local conditions and choices in determining…

Johnson, Thomas G.

190

Are resource-abundant economies disadvantaged?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economies well endowed with natural resources relative to other factors of production have grown slower than other economies over the long term. In reviewing possible explanations for this, the article ¢nds unconvincing such common suggestions as declining terms of trade and rising restrictions to primary product markets abroad. It suggests the most likely reason is these countries' own distortionary policy

Kym Anderson

1997-01-01

191

Are resource-abundant economies disadvantaged?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economies well endowed with natural resources relative to other factors of production have grown slower than other economies over the long term. In reviewing possible explanations for this, the article finds unconvincing such common suggestions as declining terms of trade and rising restrictions to primary product markets abroad. It suggests the most likely reason is these countries’ own distortionary policy

Kym Anderson

1998-01-01

192

Using Classroom Token Economies as Instructional Devices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of a token economy in teaching special needs students is outlined. Steps in establishing a token economy are presented and activities, such as the use of charge cards and a classroom bank, which help develop related skills are discussed. (PHR)

Minner, Sam; Knutson, Richard

1980-01-01

193

Guidelines for Establishing and Maintaining Token Economies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following stages in planning a token economy with students having behavior problems are discussed: (1) identifying target behaviors; (2) specifying and selecting reinforcers; (3) identifying token types and schedules; (4) planning token distribution and redemption; (5) initiating and implementing the token economy system; and (6) planning…

Myles, Brenda Smith; And Others

1992-01-01

194

Towards the Political Economy of Pluriactivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores theoretical concerns of political economy approaches in agriculture and links these to farm pluriactivity. Focuses on relevance of debates concerning labor commoditization and uneven development, suggesting recognition of pluriactivity for broader understanding of political economy. Recommends broader approach for understanding economic…

Marsden, Terry

1990-01-01

195

INFORMS `03, Atlanta GA, October 19-21 A Supply Chain Network EconomyA Supply Chain Network Economy  

E-print Network

INFORMS `03, Atlanta GA, October 19-21 A Supply Chain Network EconomyA Supply Chain Network Economy competition. But a supply chain vs. a supply chain competition in many marketplaces today. #12;INFORMS Atlanta, GA, October 19-22, 2003 Supply Chain EconomySupply Chain Economy Supply Chain Economy (SCE

Nagurney, Anna

196

Software safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

Leveson, Nancy

1987-01-01

197

Safety - PPE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This high school activity from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center challenges "your students' ability to identify safety hazards, as they play the role of a safety inspector." On this page, visitors will find a link to two company overview sheets, one with information about TECO, a company that generate and distributes electricity, and another with information about CF Industries, a fertilizer producer. The site also provides a lesson plan, a PowerPoint presentation, and a student handout. This is a great resource to introduce students to hands-on practices in safety inspection in different industries.

198

Energy and the Wealth of Nations Understanding the Biophysical Economy  

E-print Network

Economy Charles A.S. Hall, SUNY, Environmental Science & Forestry Kent Klitgaard been treated as a social science in which economies are modeled sheets that drive our "petroleum economy." Hall and Klitgaard explore the relation

Hall, Charles A.S.

199

40 CFR 600.113-78 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-78 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and Carbon-Related Exhaust...

2011-07-01

200

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided...

2011-10-01

201

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2011-07-01

202

40 CFR 600.113-93 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-93 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1978 and Later...

2010-07-01

203

Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy  

E-print Network

STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2010 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy · Framing the Financial Crisis for Wisconsin Agriculture Farm Economy . . . . . . 1 II. Current Outlook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Radeloff, Volker C.

204

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided...

2010-10-01

205

40 CFR 600.113-93 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-93 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and Carbon-Related Exhaust...

2011-07-01

206

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2013-07-01

207

40 CFR 600.113-88 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-88 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1978 and Later...

2010-07-01

208

40 CFR 600.113-88 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-88 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and Carbon-Related Exhaust...

2011-07-01

209

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2014-07-01

210

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided...

2012-10-01

211

40 CFR 1066.840 - Highway fuel economy test procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Highway fuel economy test procedure. 1066.840 Section...Vehicles § 1066.840 Highway fuel economy test procedure. This section...the procedure for the highway fuel economy test (HFET). This test...

2014-07-01

212

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2012-07-01

213

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided...

2013-10-01

214

76 FR 34965 - Cybersecurity, Innovation, and the Internet Economy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Cybersecurity, Innovation, and the Internet Economy AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, National...cybersecurity and innovation in the Internet economy. On July 28, 2010, the Department published...pace of innovation in the information economy. The Department now seeks further...

2011-06-15

215

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2010-07-01

216

40 CFR 600.113-78 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-78 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1978 and Later...

2010-07-01

217

AGRICULTURE, 2005 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy  

E-print Network

STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2005 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy Special Articles · Expansion, Modernization..............................................................................................................................v I. Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

Radeloff, Volker C.

218

Opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology in the green economy.  

PubMed

In a world of finite resources and ecosystem capacity, the prevailing model of economic growth, founded on ever-increasing consumption of resources and emission pollutants, cannot be sustained any longer. In this context, the "green economy" concept has offered the opportunity to change the way that society manages the interaction of the environmental and economic domains. To enable society to build and sustain a green economy, the associated concept of "green nanotechnology" aims to exploit nano-innovations in materials science and engineering to generate products and processes that are energy efficient as well as economically and environmentally sustainable. These applications are expected to impact a large range of economic sectors, such as energy production and storage, clean up-technologies, as well as construction and related infrastructure industries. These solutions may offer the opportunities to reduce pressure on raw materials trading on renewable energy, to improve power delivery systems to be more reliable, efficient and safe as well as to use unconventional water sources or nano-enabled construction products therefore providing better ecosystem and livelihood conditions.However, the benefits of incorporating nanomaterials in green products and processes may bring challenges with them for environmental, health and safety risks, ethical and social issues, as well as uncertainty concerning market and consumer acceptance. Therefore, our aim is to examine the relationships among guiding principles for a green economy and opportunities for introducing nano-applications in this field as well as to critically analyze their practical challenges, especially related to the impact that they may have on the health and safety of workers involved in this innovative sector. These are principally due to the not fully known nanomaterial hazardous properties, as well as to the difficulties in characterizing exposure and defining emerging risks for the workforce. Interestingly, this review proposes action strategies for the assessment, management and communication of risks aimed to precautionary adopt preventive measures including formation and training of employees, collective and personal protective equipment, health surveillance programs to protect the health and safety of nano-workers. It finally underlines the importance that occupational health considerations will have on achieving an effectively sustainable development of nanotechnology. PMID:25294341

Iavicoli, Ivo; Leso, Veruscka; Ricciardi, Walter; Hodson, Laura L; Hoover, Mark D

2014-01-01

219

Sun Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Links Buttons and Badges Stay Informed Cancer Home Sun Safety Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook ... other shelter before you need relief from the sun. Your best bet to protect your skin is ...

220

Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... in food handling, cooking, and storage can prevent foodborne illness. There are four basic steps to food safety at home: Clean - always wash your fruits and vegetables, hands, counters, and ... reached its expiration date. United States Department of Agriculture

221

Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... smoke alarms and sprinklers save lives. Dry (Christmas) Tree vs. High Moisture Tree Fire Video by Maury Grundy The U.S. Fire ... when it ignites a maintained (wet) cut Christmas tree and a dry tree. Fire Prevention and Safety ...

222

Fireworks Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... at 350 °F Water boils at 212 °F Fireworks Safety Fireworks are often used to mark special ... fireworks NFPA is opposed to consumer use of fireworks. This includes sparklers and firecrackers. Even sparklers burn ...

223

Aerospace Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on aerospace safety. Topics include hazard communications, lockout/tagout, confined space entry, fall protection, PPE, firefighting and bloodborne pathogens.

224

ATV Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... an ATV: Be at least 16 years old. Health and safety experts strongly discourage ATV use by anyone younger than 16. Operating an ATV demands that drivers be skilled at making quick adjustments, such as ...

225

Water Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... best measure of protection. Back Continue Making Kids Water Wise It's important to teach your kids proper ... water during bad weather, especially lightning. Back Continue Water Park Safety Water parks can be a lot ...

226

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY  

E-print Network

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ISSUED BY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY OFFICE OF RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY and GEORGIA TECH LASER SAFETY COMMITTEE July 1, 2010 Revised July 31, 2012 #12;Laser Safety Program 1-1 #12;Laser Safety Policy Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. POLICY AND SCOPE

Houston, Paul L.

227

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL May 10, 2002 #12;i Acknowledgements Environmental Health and Safety gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the University Safety Council extremely helpful. #12;ii Environmental Health and Safety General Safety Manual Table of Contents Section

Maroncelli, Mark

228

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

James T. Biehle

2007-01-01

229

Fuel Economy Improvement Potential of a Heavy Duty Truck using V2x Communication  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we introduce an intelligent driver assistance system to reduce fuel consumption in heavy duty vehicles irrespective of the driving style of the driver. We specifically study the potential of V2I and V2V communications to reduce fuel consumption in heavy duty trucks. Most ITS communications today are oriented towards vehicle safety, with communications strategies and hardware that tend to focus on low latency. This has resulted in technologies emerging with a relatively limited range for the communications. For fuel economy, it is expected that most benefits will be derived with greater communications distances, at the scale of many hundred meters or several kilometers, due to the large inertia of heavy duty vehicles. It may therefore be necessary to employ different communications strategies for ITS applications aimed at fuel economy and other environmental benefits than what is used for safety applications in order to achieve the greatest benefits.

LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Verma, Rajeev [Eaton Corporation; Norris, Sarah [Eaton Corporation; Cochran, Robert [Eaton Corporation

2014-01-01

230

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy  

E-print Network

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy June 5, 2012 Harrisburg University technologies that can impact your business and Pennsylvania's economy Moderator: Charles Brumlik, Nanobiz #12

Gilchrist, James F.

231

A Longitudinal Study of Corporate Social Disclosures in a Developing Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines corporate social disclosures (CSD) in an African developing economy (Mauritius) as provided in the annual\\u000a reports of listed companies from 2004 to 2007. Informed by the country’s social, political and economic context and legitimacy\\u000a theory, we hypothesise that the extent and variety of CSD themes (social, ethics, environment and health and safety) will\\u000a be enhanced post-2004 and

J. D. Mahadeo; V. Oogarah-Hanuman; T. Soobaroyen

2011-01-01

232

Exercise economy in skiing and running.  

PubMed

Substantial inter-individual variations in exercise economy exist even in highly trained endurance athletes. The variation is believed to be determined partly by intrinsic factors. Therefore, in the present study, we compared exercise economy in V2-skating, double poling, and uphill running. Ten highly trained male cross-country skiers (23 ± 3 years, 180 ± 6 cm, 75 ± 8 kg, VO2peak running: 76.3 ± 5.6 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) participated in the study. Exercise economy and VO2peak during treadmill running, ski skating (V2 technique) and double poling were compared based on correlation analysis. There was a very large correlation in exercise economy between V2-skating and double poling (r = 0.81) and large correlations between V2-skating and running (r = 0.53) and double poling and running (r = 0.58). There were trivial to moderate correlations between exercise economy and the intrinsic factors VO2peak (r = 0.00-0.23), cycle rate (r = 0.03-0.46), body mass (r = -0.09-0.46) and body height (r = 0.11-0.36). In conclusion, the inter-individual variation in exercise economy could be explained only moderately by differences in VO2peak, body mass and body height. Apparently other intrinsic factors contribute to the variation in exercise economy between highly trained subjects. PMID:24478718

Losnegard, Thomas; Schäfer, Daniela; Hallén, Jostein

2014-01-01

233

EPA and DOE Fuel Economy Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is the EPA's main fuel economy site. It features a .pdf version of the agency's 2000 Model Year Fuel Economy Guide; a search engine that allows users to find the MPG of any 2000 model car and compare it with others, search by MPG, and view the best and worst models by size class; information on why fuel economy is important; a review of current and future fuel conservation technologies; a collection of FAQS; and tips on maintaining your car and driving more efficiently.

234

Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Berkeley Roundtable on International Economy (BRIE) is a research project based at the University of California at Berkeley that examines the "real-world interactions of technology, markets, and economies" and "formulate[s] path-breaking positions that challenge conventional economic policy-making." Visitors to the site will find a collection of working papers, research papers and research notes written by BRIE researchers. Current and more recent papers are available for viewing on-line. The site offers a collection of detailed summaries of briefing papers from the BRIE conference titled "Will there be a Unified European Economy?".

235

CHANNELS IN THE MALAYSIAN ECONOMY  

E-print Network

This paper examines the contribution of multifactor productivity (MFP) growth to output per worker growth in Malaysia from 1961-2000. MFP growth is found to contribute about 74 percent to output per worker growth from 1987-2000, but has only minimal or negative contribution to growth in the earlier years. This paper then attempts to explain why MFP growth has such a large contribution to output per worker growth in the period 1987-2000 by looking at international trade as channel of technology or idea transfer from the G5 countries into Malaysia. MFP grows because ideas from these advanced nations are transferred into the economy through this channel. Regressions using OLS are carried out on the log-linearized idea production function. The time frame for the regressions is from 1980 to 2000. The empirical results suggest that trade is an important channel through which technology or ideas are transferred into Malaysia, even when other possible channels- foreign direct investment

Shen Ai; Esther Chan; Esther Chan; Shen Ai; Esther Chan; Shen Ai

2009-01-01

236

e-Labs and Work Objects: Towards Digital Health Economies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The optimal provision of healthcare and public health services requires the synthesis of evidence from multiple disciplines. It is necessary to understand the genetic, environmental, behavioural and social determinants of disease and health-related states; to balance the effectiveness of interventions with their costs; to ensure the maximum safety and acceptability of interventions; and to provide fair access to care services for given populations. Ever expanding databases of knowledge and local health information, and the ability to employ computationally expensive methods, promises much for decisions to be both supported by best evidence and locally relevant. This promise will, however, not be realised without providing health professionals with the tools to make sense of this information rich environment and to collaborate across disciplines. We propose, as a solution to this problem, the e-Lab and Work Objects model as a sense-making platform for digital health economies - bringing together data, methods and people for timely health intelligence.

Ainsworth, John D.; Buchan, Iain E.

237

Contextualising workers' health and safety in urban settings: The need for a global perspective and an integrated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the need to contextualise and to address the neglected occupational health and safety rights of workers in the informal economy. Informal economy workers constitute the majority of workers in most countries and the number of informally employed, unprotected and low-income workers is increasing rapidly in both developing as well as developed countries. National and international policies

Francoise Bartena; Trevino A. Pakasie; Calle Miguel Cervantes

238

The role of networks in political economy  

E-print Network

This dissertation investigates the different roles that networks play in political economy. In the first chapter, I study how a political party uses electoral data to monitor and incentivize the political brokers who control ...

Larreguy Arbesú, Horacio Alejandro

2013-01-01

239

Power from space and the hydrogen economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent discoveries of methane hydrates under the Arctic permafrost and on continental shelves have revealed an immense energy resource. This has two major implications for the Solar Power Satellite (SPS). First, the SPS will not be built unless it can produce electricity at a price competitive with that generated using methane from hydrates (perhaps with sequestration of carbon dioxide). Second, steam reformation of methane is much cheaper than water electrolysis as a source of hydrogen, so there is little role for the SPS (or any other electric power technology) in the proposed hydrogen economy. On the other hand, an economy based on methane-electric hybrid vehicles offers advantages quite comparable to the hydrogen economy, without its technical problems and immense capital requirements. The methane economy also offers a transitional path to increasing direct use of electricity in transportation, a development that could create a major market for the SPS.

Chapman, Philip K.; Haynes, William E.

2005-07-01

240

Traffic airships with special reference to economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The first part of this report details the efficiency and economy of airship travel, while the second part presents methods of economic efficiency with regards to construction, cost of upkeep and operation, and the establishment of airship lines.

Leyensetter, Walther

1921-01-01

241

Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy  

E-print Network

Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

Yu, Winston

242

Essays in development economics and political economy  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on issues in economic development, with a focus ,on political economy and the labor market in India. Chapter 1] analyzes the effect of television coverage on political ...

Datta, Saugato

2007-01-01

243

Matching and Inequality in the World Economy  

E-print Network

This paper develops tools and techniques to analyze the determinants of factor allocation and factor prices in economies with a large number of goods and factors. The main results of our paper characterize sufficient ...

Costinot, Arnaud

244

Essays on institutions in developing economies  

E-print Network

The primary goal of this thesis is to gain a deeper understanding of how institutional structure responds and evolves in equilibrium, particularly in the idiosyncratic and dynamic settings of developing economies. I use ...

Wang, Xiao Yu, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01

245

Albanian: Basic Course. Development of Albanian Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is intended as a supplement to "Albanian: Basic Course." The development of the Albanian economy and its status at the time the document was published are discussed in terms of industry, agriculture, and foreign trade. (JB)

Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

246

A Caricature (Model) of the World Economy  

E-print Network

This paper provides a stylized model of the workings of a global economy where one of its key driving factors is economic agents’ continuous struggle to find assets in which to park financial resources. This struggle ...

Caballero, Ricardo

2010-11-23

247

A VECX* Model of the Swiss Economy  

E-print Network

A VECX? Model of the Swiss Economy? Katrin Assenmacher-Wesche Swiss National Bank M. Hashem Pesaran Cambridge University, CIMF, and USC February 21, 2008 Abstract This paper applies the modelling strategy of Garratt, Lee, Pesaran and Shin (2003... ) to the estimation of a structural cointegrated VAR model that relates the core macroeconomic variables of the Swiss economy to current and lagged values of a number of key foreign variables. We identify and test a long-run structure between the variables. Moreover...

Assenmacher-Wesche, Katrin; Pesaran, M Hashem

248

ICT Sector for the Innovation Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Information and communication technology contribute to development in two ways: (1) as an enabler for the delivery of public\\u000a and commercial services and a core technological competency for transforming all sectors of the economy; and (2) as an industry,\\u000a a new source of growth and keystone sector of the knowledge economy in its own right. Chapters 4 and 5 have

Nagy K. Hanna

249

Fuel economy of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of on-road energy consumption, fuel economy (FE) of hydrogen fuel cell light-duty vehicles is projected to be 2.5–2.7 times the fuel economy of the conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV) on the same platforms. Even with a less efficient but higher power density 0.6V per cell than the base case 0.7V per cell at the rated

Rajesh K Ahluwalia; X Wang; A Rousseau; R Kumar

2004-01-01

250

Welcome to the experience economy.  

PubMed

First there was agriculture, then manufactured goods, and eventually services. Each change represented a step up in economic value--a way for producers to distinguish their products from increasingly undifferentiated competitive offerings. Now, as services are in their turn becoming commoditized, companies are looking for the next higher value in an economic offering. Leading-edge companies are finding that it lies in staging experiences. To reach this higher level of competition, companies will have to learn how to design, sell, and deliver experiences that customers will readily pay for. An experience occurs when a company uses services as the stage--and goods as props--for engaging individuals in a way that creates a memorable event. And while experiences have always been at the heart of the entertainment business, any company stages an experience when it engages customers in a personal, memorable way. The lessons of pioneering experience providers, including the Walt Disney Company, can help companies learn how to compete in the experience economy. The authors offer five design principles that drive the creation of memorable experiences. First, create a consistent theme, one that resonates throughout the entire experience. Second, layer the theme with positive cues--for example, easy-to-follow signs. Third, eliminate negative cues, those visual or aural messages that distract or contradict the theme. Fourth, offer memorabilia that commemorate the experience for the user. Finally, engage all five senses--through sights, sounds, and so on--to heighten the experience and thus make it more memorable. PMID:10181589

Pine, B J; Gilmore, J H

1998-01-01

251

Technology and a Global Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From U.S. Democratic Presidential candidates to America's unemployed, people are talking about the global economy and job loss for U.S. workers. Catch phrases like outsourcing, protectionism, free trade and fair trade circulate in conversations and media programs, but what does it all mean? This Topic in Depth reviews some websites that address these issues from different perspectives.This article from Issues in Science and Technology provides an overview of some of the issues and impacts on technology research and scientific training. (1). A good deal of the websites on globalization follow a format similar to this website (2), providing articles, statistics on outsourcing, discussion groups, and generally opposing globalization. This website from the Cato Institute provides another perspective on outsourcing (3), noting that it's "not just a one way street." The World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization (4) takes the perspective that globalization is irreversible and seeks "innovative ways of combining economic, social and environmental objectives, based on worldwide expertise." In some circles, the debate is between "fair trade" and "free trade." This organization (5) provides a definition of fairness, asks others for their views on fairness, and offers some standards for fairness in terms of business practices. The Center for International Development at Harvard University offers this website as "an objective entry point to the many trade-related resources on the internet" (6). Another extensive overview of some of the issues is offered by this Global Issues website (7), which "attempts to highlight some of the misconceptions and unfairness in the current model for global trading, economics and the current form of overly corporate-led globalization." The Globalisation Guide (8) is designed as a resource for students, highlighting some of the key questions to ask as the debate continues.

252

47 CFR 90.1403 - Public safety broadband license conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES 700 MHz Public...comply with the terms of the Network Sharing Agreement and such...economies of scale concerning network and subscriber equipment and...the public safety broadband network. State or local...

2010-10-01

253

47 CFR 90.1403 - Public safety broadband license conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES 700 MHz Public...comply with the terms of the Network Sharing Agreement and such...economies of scale concerning network and subscriber equipment and...the public safety broadband network. State or local...

2011-10-01

254

Environmental Health and Safety  

E-print Network

.janicki@mcgill.ca 8888-43866 ANSI (American National Standards Institute) Class 3b or 4 lasers Biological safety-training/whmis-training] Radiation safety [https://www.mcgill.ca/ehs/safety-training/radiation-safety- training] Laser safety [https://www.mcgill.ca/ehs/safety-training/laser-safetyEnvironmental Health and Safety EHS-FORM-022 v.1.1 Page 1 of 1 Laboratory safety self

Shoubridge, Eric

255

Our Lunar Destiny: Creating a Lunar Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Our Lunar Destiny: Creating a Lunar Economy" supports a vision of people moving freely and economically between the earth and the Moon in an expansive space and lunar economy. It makes the economic case for the creation of a lunar space economy and projects the business plan that will make the venture an economic success. In addition, this paper argues that this vision can be created and sustained only by private enterprise and the legal right of private property in space and on the Moon. Finally, this paper advocates the use of lunar land grants as the key to unleashing the needed capital and the economic power of private enterprise in the creation of a 21st century lunar space economy. It is clear that the history of our United States economic system proves the value of private property rights in the creation of any new economy. It also teaches us that the successful development of new frontiers-those that provide economic opportunity for freedom-loving people-are frontiers that encourage, respect and protect the possession of private property and the fruits of labor and industry. Any new 21st century space and lunar economy should therefore be founded on this same principle.

Rohwer, Christopher J.

2000-01-01

256

The token economy: a decade later.  

PubMed Central

In the last decade, the token economy has been extended widely across populations and behaviors in treatment, rehabilitation, educational, and community settings. Outcome research has expanded as well to include large-scale program evaluations and comparative and combined treatment studies of the token economy. In a previous review (Kazdin & Bootzin, 1972), several obstacles were identified for the effective application of the token economy. These included identifying procedures to enhance program efficacy, to train staff, to overcome client resistance, and to promote long-term maintenance and transfer of training. The present paper discusses recent advances in research and reviews progress on the major issues identified previously. New issues have become salient in the last decade that pertain to the extension of the token economy to institutional settings. The demands for maintaining the integrity of treatment, the ability to integrate token economies within existing institutional constraints, and the disseminability of the procedures on a large scale are major issues that may dictate the future of the token economy. PMID:6754677

Kazdin, A E

1982-01-01

257

Health and Safety Services Safety Guide 21  

E-print Network

Health and Safety Services Safety Guide 21 The safe use of lasers #12;Safety Guide 21 The safe use of lasers Health and Safety Services ii October 2008 The safe use of lasers Contents Summary......................................................................................................................................................................1 2.1. Duties on Heads of School 1 2.2. The University Laser Safety Officer (ULSO) 1 2.3. Duties

Reading, University of

258

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Golf carts are utilized on campus for groundskeepers and personal injury. Only trained and authorized personnel may operate golf carts capable of carrying more than

Pawlowski, Wojtek

259

Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines and reviews three forms and associated discourses of the "knowledge economy": the "learning economy", based on the work of Bengt-Ake Lundvall; the "creative economy" based on the work of Charles Landry, John Howkins and Richard Florida; and the "open knowledge economy" based on the work of Yochai Benkler and others. Arguably,…

Peters, Michael A.

2010-01-01

260

The Space Economy NASA 50th Anniversary Lecture Series  

E-print Network

The Space Economy NASA 50th Anniversary Lecture Series Michael D. Griffin Administrator National growth that didn't previously exist. This is the emerging Space Economy, an economy that is transforming our lives here on Earth in ways that are not yet fully understood or appreciated. It is not an economy

261

Teaching New Keynesian Open Economy Macroeconomics at the Intermediate Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the open economy, the workhorse model in intermediate textbooks still is the Mundell-Fleming model, which basically extends the investment and savings, liquidity preference and money supply (IS-LM) model to open economy problems. The authors present a simple New Keynesian model of the open economy that introduces open economy considerations…

Bofinger, Peter; Mayer, Eric; Wollmershauser, Timo

2009-01-01

262

Bright Spots in the South Carolina the Economy  

E-print Network

Bright Spots in the South Carolina the Economy 2012 African American Economic Summit Doug Woodward Professor of Economics #12;Overview · Why we should worry. ­ Global economy and financial contagion. ­ U.S. economy and political uncertainty. · Why we should be happy. ­ South Carolina economy healing. · Robust

Almor, Amit

263

A Market Economy in the Early Roman Empire  

Microsoft Academic Search

I argue that the economy of the early Roman Empire was primarily a market economy. The parts of this economy located far from each other were not tied together as tightly as markets often are today, but they still functioned as part of a comprehensive Mediterranean market. This conclusion is important because it brings the description of the Roman economy

Peter Temin

2001-01-01

264

Medication Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1999 landmark report by the Institute of Medicine, ''To Err is Human,'' increasing attention has been directed toward patient safety in the United States, and in fact world wide. This report estimated that approxi- mately 44,000 to 98,000 patients die annually as a result of errors in the care received, and that more than a million patients are

Carol A. Keohane; David W. Bates

2008-01-01

265

School Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this issue dealing with school safety discusses what rural and small urban settings are doing to prevent violence and to educate young people about prosocial alternatives to violence. The research is quite clear that female, minority, and gay students are the targets of a disproportionate amount of harassment and violence, both in…

The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 1999

1999-01-01

266

Safety First!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author relates how a hands-on chemistry investigation provided her the inspiration to develop an effective safety lesson for her third grade chemistry class. She began the lesson by demonstrating the use of pH indicator paper to show that ordinary household (white) vinegar was an acid. With the students, she wondered aloud…

Longfield, Judith

2006-01-01

267

Sun Safety  

MedlinePLUS

Everyday Fitness Ideas from the National Institute on Aging at NIH www.nia.nih.gov/Go4Life Sun Safety There are many ways to be physically ... l Share your exercise story. National Institute on ... Go4Life is a registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

268

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Shoes  

E-print Network

, caustics, cutting oils, and petroleum products, neoprene or nitrile boots are often required to prevent Institute's (ANSI) label inside each shoe. Prevent foot injuries by using common safety sense and wearing origin, sex, age, marital status, disability, public as- sistance status, veteran status, or sexual

Minnesota, University of

269

Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of  

E-print Network

Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of vehicles proposed raising the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÃ?) standard for cars and trucks. In 2004, American cars needed to achieve an average fuel economy of 27.5 miles per gallon (MPG) while light trucks needed

Carriquiry, Alicia

270

Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4, Oct. 2004.  

E-print Network

Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4 the relevance of the demand-side approach to the development of a service economy. Its starts by addressing some in "Review of Political Economy 16, 4 (2004) 473-483" #12;2 1. Introduction Since the 1980s, most

Boyer, Edmond

271

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS  

E-print Network

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS · Safety glasses with side shields distance away from moving machine parts, work pieces, and cutters. · Use hand tools for their designed to oil, clean, adjust, or repair any machine while it is running. Stop the machine and lock the power

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

272

Education and the Economy: Boosting Maine's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

273

Education and the Economy: Boosting Utah's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

274

Education and the Economy: Boosting Idaho's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

275

Indigenous Economies, Theories of Subsistence, and Women: Exploring the Social Economy Model for Indigenous Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The significance of traditional economies in indigenous communities goes beyond the economic realm--they are more than just livelihoods providing subsistence and sustenance to individuals or communities. The centrality of traditional economies to indigenous identity and culture has been noted by numerous scholars. However, today one can detect a…

Kuokkanen, Rauna

2011-01-01

276

Education and the Economy: Boosting the Nation's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

277

Education and the Economy: Boosting West Virginia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

278

Education and the Economy: Boosting Virginia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

279

Education and the Economy: Boosting Nevada's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

280

Education and the Economy: Boosting North Dakota's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

281

Education and the Economy: Boosting South Carolina's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

282

The role of pecuniary external economies and economies of scale in the theory of increasing returns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates some issues relating to the phenomenon of increasing returns: (1) What is the role of economies of scale in the theory of increasing returns? (2) Do pecuniary external economies lead to market failure and justify intervention in the market mechanism? (3) Are increasing returns sector-specific or generalised, and if they are sector specific, is it possible to

Ramesh Chandra; Roger Sandilands

2006-01-01

283

Education and the Economy: Boosting Montana's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

284

Youth and the New Economy=Les jeunes et la nouvelle economie.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Community Perspective Series document includes statements about young people in the new economy of Toronto made by three participants in the October 2000 annual general meeting of the Toronto Training Board. "A Hitchhiker's Guide to the New Economy" (Olivia Chow) suggests that training programs available to young people are fragmented and…

Community Perspectives Series, 2002

2002-01-01

285

Electrical Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... and education. Consumer Product Safety Commission safety guide: electronics and electrical . Electrical safety information on ground fault circuit interrupters, arc fault circuit interrupters, household extension cords, and spotting possible safety problems with electrical ...

286

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

287

CPSC Safety Guides  

MedlinePLUS

... Information Hobbies Playgrounds Pools and Spas Recent OnSafety Blogs March 06, 2015 Daylight Saving Time change smoke ... Product Safety: Jacqueline Jones-Smith Read More OnSafety Blogs Inside CPSC: Recalls Safety Education Regulations, Laws & Standards ...

288

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

289

Effective safety training programs for aluminum cast shops  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To compete effectively in a global economy, aluminum casting operations must develop and maintain a qualified and competent workforce. A significant part of this effort must center on employee training, especially safety training. In addition to providing employees with accurate information, effective safety training programs will recognize certain principles governing human behavior. This paper reviews topical content appropriate for safety training programs to be used in aluminum casting operations and suggests ways to enhance the effectiveness of such training by incorporating principles of human behavior.

Ekenes, J. Martin

2001-11-01

290

Farm Safety  

PubMed Central

Accident and safety are related terms; the higher the accident rate in any industry, the greater is the need for safety measures designed to prevent accidents. This article discusses the accident and safety problems in agriculture, which includes horticulture and forestry. There is still a tendency among townspeople to think of the countryside as peaceful and tranquil, a place where nothing happens very quickly and far removed from violent death or crippling injury. This pleasant rustic picture has undergone a striking change in the last 30 years owing to considerable agricultural mechanization and the development of chemical pesticides, which have brought new dangers to those who live and work on the land. Although men have readily adapted themselves to new machines and methods, they have not proved as able to recognize new dangers and learn how to guard against them. In consequence, accidents have increased to such an extent that the whole industry has realized the need for positive preventive measures. In this country, it is generally accepted that an employer of labour has a responsibility to provide safe working conditions for those he employs. Farm safety legislation goes a little further and usually requires an employer to provide necessary safeguards, with the added requirement on a worker to make use of them. It is a feature of accident prevention work that it never reaches a stage when it can be regarded as complete. Even when a reduction in accidents has been achieved, the effort must be sustained or the trend will be quickly reversed. Images PMID:5904095

Wilson, G. S.

1966-01-01

291

Measuring the Internet Economy: June 6, 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1999, the Internet economy's revenues rose to over half a trillion dollars, and employment in this sector has grown to directly support 2/476 million workers, according to this site sponsored by Cisco Systems and the University of Texas. June 2000 findings of the Internet Economy Indicators are also presented in the report Measuring the Internet Economy, which examines the Internet economy in layers of indicators. The first layer looks at the Internet infrastructure, which consists of telecommunications companies, Internet carriers, and Internet service providers. The second Indicator, the Internet Applications Infrastructure Indicator, studies Internet software products and services. Layer three, the Internet Intermediary Indicator, includes businesses conducting transactions on the Web, and the final layer, the Internet Commerce Indicator, looks only at companies that conducted Web-based commerce transactions. Each of these layers is carefully explained in the report. The site includes case studies for each of these indicators and offers a Big Picture overview of the Internet economy. Along with these explanations and snapshot views and others, the entire report may be downloaded in .pdf format.

2000-01-01

292

An entropic framework for modeling economies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop an information-theoretic framework for economic modeling. This framework is based on principles of entropic inference that are designed for reasoning on the basis of incomplete information. We take the point of view of an external observer who has access to limited information about broad macroscopic economic features. We view this framework as complementary to more traditional methods. The economy is modeled as a collection of agents about whom we make no assumptions of rationality (in the sense of maximizing utility or profit). States of statistical equilibrium are introduced as those macrostates that maximize entropy subject to the relevant information codified into constraints. The basic assumption is that this information refers to supply and demand and is expressed in the form of the expected values of certain quantities (such as inputs, resources, goods, production functions, utility functions and budgets). The notion of economic entropy is introduced. It provides a measure of the uniformity of the distribution of goods and resources. It captures both the welfare state of the economy as well as the characteristics of the market (say, monopolistic, concentrated or competitive). Prices, which turn out to be the Lagrange multipliers, are endogenously generated by the economy. Further studies include the equilibrium between two economies and the conditions for stability. As an example, the case of the nonlinear economy that arises from linear production and utility functions is treated in some detail.

Caticha, Ariel; Golan, Amos

2014-08-01

293

Running biomechanics: shorter heels, better economy.  

PubMed

Better running economy (i.e. a lower rate of energy consumption at a given speed) is correlated with superior distance running performance. There is substantial variation in running economy, even among elite runners. This variation might be due to variation in the storage and reutilization of elastic energy in tendons. Using a simple musculoskeletal model, it was predicted that the amount of energy stored in a tendon during a given movement depends more critically on moment arm than on mechanical properties of the tendon, with the amount of stored energy increasing as the moment arm gets smaller. Assuming a link between elastic energy reutilization and overall metabolic cost of running, a smaller moment arm should therefore be associated with superior running economy. This prediction was confirmed experimentally in a group of 15 highly trained runners. The moment arm of the Achilles tendon was determined from standardized photographs of the ankle, using the position of anatomical landmarks. Running economy was measured as the rate of metabolic energy consumption during level treadmill running at a speed of 16 km h(-1). A strong correlation was found between the moment arm of the Achilles tendon and running economy. Smaller muscle moment arms correlated with lower rates of metabolic energy consumption (r(2)=0.75, P<0.001). PMID:18840660

Scholz, M N; Bobbert, M F; van Soest, A J; Clark, J R; van Heerden, J

2008-10-01

294

HEALTH, SAFETY & INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

reporting · DSE Assessments · Risk Assessments · Electrical Safety #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING POLICYHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING NEW STAFF INDUCTION #12;INTRODUCTION · University Health, Safety and Wellbeing Policy · The role of the Health & Safety Office · School/Unit Health & Safety Management

Sussex, University of

295

Oil and the U.S. Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To understand the importance of oil, and its role in the dire condition of the global economy--a planetary emergency--three separate issues must be considered: * The condition of the oil supply and its impact on demand * The relationship of the oil supply to the economy * Some thoughts on needed policy changes All three of these matter. If oil is cheap and abundant, then the global economy can prosper, at least in the sense that oil will not be a binding constraint on economic activity. In such a case, a moderately pro-oil policy should be adequate, to the extent that CO2 is not judged a threat to the climate. On the other hand, if the oil supply is struggling to expand, the available substitutes for oil-based transportation fuels are few, and global growth depends on the increased mobility of people and goods, then oil does indeed matter. The article will argue this latter position.

Kopits, Steven

2014-07-01

296

Automotive fuel economy and emissions program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Experimental data were generated to support an assessment of the relationship between automobile fuel economy and emissions control systems. Tests were made at both the engine and vehicle levels. Detailed investigations were made on cold-start emissions devices, exhaust gas recirculation systems, and air injection reactor systems. Based on the results of engine tests, an alternative emission control system and modified control strategy were implemented and tested in the vehicle. With the same fuel economy and NOx emissions as the stock vehicle, the modified vehicle reduced HC and CO emissions by about 20 percent. By removing the NOx emissions constraint, the modified vehicle demonstrated about 12 percent better fuel economy than the stock vehicle.

Dowdy, M. W.; Baisley, R. L.

1978-01-01

297

Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Employee Safety  

E-print Network

Program 22 Medical Monitoring 23 Office Safety 23 Personal Protective Equipment 24 Table of Contents #12Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Employee Safety Page 1 To our University an environment for students, faculty, staff, and visitors that will not adversely affect their health and safety

de Lijser, Peter

298

An inquiry into the household economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The value of the time which people devote to each activity of their lives is compared with the money they spend on the activity. After tax wage rates are used to value an individual's time. The enormous size of the household economy and the fact that for most activities the value of the consumer's time devoted to an activity exceeds the money expenditures on the activity, suggest that there are many opportunities for productivity improvements in the household economy which have been overlooked in most traditional thinking on productivity.

Samuelson, R. D.

1979-01-01

299

Centre for the Study of African Economies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A research center within the Institute of Economics and Statistics, University of Oxford, the Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) applies macroeconomic and microeconomic methods to African sociological, demographic, and political contexts. Selected abstracts and working papers from 1993 to present are available on topics ranging from central bank policy to health, crop choice, wages, and unemployment (.pdf format). In addition, users may browse the abstracts and tables of contents of articles from the CSAE publication The Journal of African Economies from 1996 to present.

300

A strategic approach to a green economy.  

PubMed

The crash has happened and we face dual market failures: climate change and the greatest economic crisis of our lifetimes. American labor believes that we must have a strategic approach to greening the economy centered on domestic investment in new technologies, the creation of good jobs, and leading a shared international response to both these issues. The nay-sayers are the same financial and industrial interests that advised the world economy into chaos. Their advice to us is more of the same: no rules, no regulations, free markets, and free trade. But now is the time for real change. PMID:19608514

Trumka, Richard L

2009-01-01

301

Hydrogen: Its Future Role in the Nation's Energy Economy.  

PubMed

In examining the potential role of hydrogen in the energy economy of the future, we take an optimistic view. All the technology required for implementation is feasible but a great deal of development and refinement is necessary. A pessimistic approach would obviously discourage further thinking about an important and perhaps the most reasonable alternative for the future. We have considered a limited number of alternative energy systems involving hydrogen and have shown that hydrogen could be a viable secondary source of energy derived from nuclear power; for the immediate future, hydrogen could be derived from coal. A hydrogen supply system could have greater flexibility and be competitive with a more conventional all-electric delivery system. Technological improvements could make hydrogen as an energy source an economic reality. The systems examined in this article show how hydrogen can serve as a general-purpose fuel for residential and automotive applications. Aside from being a source of heat and motive power, hydrogen could also supply the electrical needs of the household via fuel cells (19), turbines, or conventional "total energy systems." The total cost of energy to a residence supplied with hydrogen fuel depends on the ratio of the requirements for direct fuel use to the requirements for electrical use. A greater direct use of hydrogen as a fuel without conversion to electricity reduces the overall cost of energy supplied to the household because of the greater expense of electrical transmission and distribution. Hydrogen fuel is especially attractive for use in domestic residential applications where the bulk of the energy requirement is for thermal energy. Although a considerable amount of research is required before any hydrogen energy delivery system can be implemented, the necessary developments are within the capability of present-day technology and the system could be made attractive economically .Techniques for producing hydrogen from water by electrolysis, from coal, and directly from thermal energy could be found that are less expensive than those now available; inexpensive fuel cells could be developed, and high-temperature turbines could be used for the efficient conversion of hydrogen (and oxygen) to electricity. The use of hydrogen as an automotive fuel would be a key factor in the development of a hydrogen energy economy, and safe storage techniques for carrying sufficient quantities of hydrogen in automotive systems can certainly be developed. The use of hydrogen in automobiles would significantly reduce urban pollution because the dispersed fossil fuel emissions would be replaced by radioactive wastes generated at large central stations. The conversion of internal or external combustion engines for combustion of hydrogen fuel would probably have less economic impact on the automotive industry than the mass introduction of electric automobiles. However, this is a subject that requires more detailed study. All of the safety aspects of hydrogen utilization will have to be examined, especially the problems of safety in the domestic use and the long distance transport of hydrogen in pipelines at high pressures. It is our opinion that the various energy planning agencies should now begin to outline the mode of implementing hydrogen energy delivery systems in the energy economy. The initial transition to hydrogen energy derived from available fossil fuels such as coal should be considered together with the long range view of all the hydrogen being derived eventually from nuclear energy. By the year 1985 when petroleum imports may be in excess of the domestic supply, these plans could set the stage for the transition period from fossil to a predominantly nuclear energy economy able to supply abundant synthetic fuels such as hydrogen. Synthetic fuels will obviously be more expensive than fuels now derived from petroleum; however, there may be no other viable choice. Thus, it is essential that the analysis and technological feasibility of a hydrogen energy system be considered now. It is of vi

Winsche, W E; Hoffman, K C; Salzano, F J

1973-06-29

302

Safety Gear  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The following resource is from Lessonopoly, which has created student activities and lesson plans to support the video series, Science of the Olympic Winter Games, created by NBC Learn and the National Science Foundation. Featuring exclusive footage from NBC Sports and contributions from Olympic athletes and NSF scientists, the series will help teach your students valuable scientific concepts. In this lesson, students will consider the design factors that impact safety gear by creating their own “helmet” for an egg. Students will experiment with shape, materials and design in this hands-on project. Students will use their experiences and additional research to debate the topic of having a mandatory helmet law for bicyclists.

2010-01-01

303

49 CFR 525.11 - Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. 525...exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. ...this part or to amend an alternative average fuel economy standard...

2014-10-01

304

Safety Characteristics of LBE Cooled Long-Life Small Reactor, 'LSPR'  

SciTech Connect

Lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) shows a good performance on neutron economy, and LBE cooled fast reactor can be designed as an excellent long-life small reactor. LBE is good not only for neutron economy but for chemical inertness and high boiling point, which may realize a much safer reactor than conventional sodium-cooled reactor. We have designed such a long-life small reactor and name it LSPR. This paper presents safety characteristics of LSPR. (authors)

Hiroshi Sekimoto [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Shinichi Makino [Nissan Motor Co., LTD., 1, Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-shi, Kanagawa 237-8523 (Japan)

2002-07-01

305

Your Institution in a Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author offers his reflections on the American economy and its "slow, gradual, and tedious" recovery. What the American people are experiencing now is not one of the ordinary recessions that have been experienced since World War II. What they have seen is a bursting of a bubble in the credit markets and in financial…

Freund, William

2009-01-01

306

Engendering the political economy of agrarian change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past thirty odd years, the analysis of agrarian social relations, institutions, and movements has benefited from the insights offered by feminist scholars whose intellectual project has been to bring into the political economy of agrarian change the pervasiveness of gender relations and their interconnections with broader processes of social change. The implications of this re-thinking are potentially radical.

Shahra Razavi

2009-01-01

307

Library Automation in a Difficult Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The downturn in the economy has taken its toll on libraries. Even in the best of times, most libraries have to work with budgets that are barely adequate to support their essential activities. In these recent months, the recession has subtracted significant funds from the parent organizations of many libraries: city, county, and state governments;…

Breeding, Marshall

2009-01-01

308

The Political Economy of Global Outsourcing  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is outsourcing and why India is being considered as BPO destination of the world? Why jobs are coming to India and why there is a downturn in the US economy and loss of jobs in that country. Even though these are two different things that happened simultaneously, they sadly managed to be mixed up. Academicians are groping to understand

Chanchal Kumar Sharma

2004-01-01

309

The "Celtic Tiger" and a Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last two decades, Ireland has proactively marketed its educated workforce, its favourable corporate tax rates, membership of the European common market, and other advantages, to multinational technology corporations. The resulting foreign direct investment in high-tech manufacturing operations has driven a booming Irish economy that has…

Crawley, Gerard M.; O'Sullivan, Eoin

2006-01-01

310

HUMAN RESOURCES FOR THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses the current education system in Chile and the skills profile of the Chilean population. The objective is to assess whether the education system has succeeded in creating a skills profile, which allows Chile to develop into an innovative, knowledge-based economy. The first part of the paper describes recent trends in Chile's educational system. Chile has made notable

Thomas Nikolaj Hansen; Lauritz Holm-Nielsen; Patricia García Zúñiga

311

Trends in Alaska's People and Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides data on Alaska's population, economy, health, education, government, and natural resources, including specific information on Alaska Natives. Since 1960, Alaska's population has tripled and become more diverse, more stable, older, less likely to be male or married, and more concentrated. About 69 percent of the population…

Leask, Linda; Killorin, Mary; Martin, Stephanie

312

Theories of Political Economy Fall 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Program. This course is an introduction to recent theories of political economy. We use game-theoretical models to study how economic policies (taxes, public spending, redistri- bution, etc.) are chosen. We analyze the behavior of voters (why do people vote and how they choose among several parties), politicians (how they select their positions), parties (how they reach a compromise among their

Dino Gerardi

313

European Economy Group, Universidad Complutense de Madrid  

E-print Network

The European Economy Group (EEG) was formed in 1998 within the framework of a Jean Monnet Action. Its objective is to undertake and promote research and other academic activities about the European integration process. The EEG Working Papers Series disseminates the original and unpublished research of its members and collaborators. More information on the EEG can be obtained on the web site:

Jorge Crespo; Francisco J. Velázquez; Jorge Crespo; Francisco J. Velázquez; Facultad Ciencias; Económicas Empresariales

2003-01-01

314

The Political Economies of Immigration Law  

E-print Network

American immigration system is only poorly explained by simple depictions of the political economy attitudes, explicit presidential decisions, or general gridlock. Instead, the structure of immigration law not owned by that agency, and limited presidential power to change enforcement or implementation. And (3

Rose, Michael R.

315

Labor and the Economy in 1973  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the economy in 1973 includes coverage of price controls and freezes; monetary and fiscal policy; unemployment collective bargaining (apparel, railroads, rubber, electrical equipment, postal, trucking, automobiles); strikes; legal developments (employment discrimination and legislation); union developments (indictment, farm ferment,…

Defina, Catherine C.

1974-01-01

316

Charles Sanders Peirce's economy of research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charles Sanders Peirce has authored an extraordinary ‘Note on the Theory of the Economy of Research’ (1879). The Note presents an economic model of research project selection in science. A case can be made that the Note was the first piece of modern scientific research in all of economics. This claim is based on the novelty of the method of

James R. Wible

1994-01-01

317

The Distinctiveness of Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the distinctiveness of entrepreneurship and small business development in countries that are at different stages of transformation to market based economies. Following a discussion of the potential relevance of selected conceptualisations of entrepreneurship to transition conditions, the authors present original empirical data referring to the characteristics of entrepreneurs and their businesses from countries at different

David Smallbone; Friederike Welter

2001-01-01

318

Evolution of the New Economy Business Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earlier version of this paper is forthcoming in Eric Brousseau and Nicolas Curien, eds., The Economics of the Internet, Cambridge University Press. I am currently elaborating and detailing the arguments made here in a book for the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, tentatively entitled, The New Economy Business Model and Sustainable Prosperity: The Future of High-Tech Employment

William Lazonick

2005-01-01

319

New directions for stochastic open economy models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper develops a simple stochastic new open economy macroeconomic model based on sticky nominal wages. Explicit solution of the wage-setting problem under uncertainty allows one to analyze the effects of the monetary regime on welfare, expected output, and the expected terms of trade. Despite the potential interplay between imperfections due to sticky wages and monopoly, the optimal monetary policy

Maurice Obstfeld; Kenneth Rogoff

2000-01-01

320

Technology transfer to the broader economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Approaches to the transfer of government-funded civil space technology to the broader commercial economy were addressed by Working Panel no. 4. Some of the problems related to current strategies for technology transfer and recommendations for new approaches are described in outline form.

Dyer, Gordon; Clark, Robert

1992-01-01

321

Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using various methods, the size of the shadow economy in 76 developing, transition, and OECD countries is estimated. Average size varies from 12 percent of GDP for OECD countries, to 23 percent for transition countries and 39 percent for developing countries. Increasing taxation and social security contributions combined with rising state regulations are driving forces for the increase of the

Friedrich Schneider; Dominik H. Enste

2000-01-01

322

Reconsidering an Economy of Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has an overall aim as follows: to develop an alternative understanding to a narrow view of education, and in particular teacher training--preparatory and continuing--in terms of economy, as well as the competencies needed for the teaching profession. It takes the view that such an alternative is or could be found in the ideas put…

Takayanagi, Mitsutoshi

2014-01-01

323

Educating for the Knowledge Economy? Critical Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The promise, embraced by governments around the world, is that the knowledge economy will provide knowledge workers with a degree of autonomy and permission to think which enables them to be creative and to attract high incomes. What credence should we give to this promise? The current economic crisis is provoking a reappraisal of both economic…

Lauder, Hugh, Ed.; Young, Michael, Ed.; Daniels, Harry, Ed.; Balarin, Maria, Ed.; Lowe, John, Ed.

2012-01-01

324

Uncertainty, Climate Change and the Global Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper illustrates how one may assess our comprehensive uncertainty about the various relations in the entire chain from human activity to climate change. Using a modified version of the RICE model of the global economy and climate, we perform Monte Carlo simulations, where full sets of parameters in the model's most important equations are drawn randomly from pre-specified distributions,

Torsten Persson

2008-01-01

325

A political economy of community policing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Places recent trends in policing in the USA into historical context, emphasizing the critical importance of political, economic, and social forces on the formation and development of police institutions and practices. Specifically, this paper describes four major developments in policing in relation to the US political economy: pre-industrial police, industrial police, modern police, and postmodern police. Each of these developments

David E. Barlow; Melissa Hickman Barlow

1999-01-01

326

Motivation in academic life: a prestige economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of performance-related pay into universities in recent years implies a belief that academic behaviours are modified by money. However, many valued academic activities are poorly paid or not paid at all. Clearly other factors are at work. Academic motivation and new working patterns are explored using the literature. An anthropological term ‘prestige economy’ is defined and located as

Paul Blackmore; Camille B. Kandiko

2011-01-01

327

Essays in Political Economy Michael Peress  

E-print Network

Essays in Political Economy Michael Peress Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University ....................................................................... 3 Essay 1: Check and Balances in a Two Party System ................... 9 Essay 2: Securing the Base .................................................... 36 Essay 3: The Spatial Model with Non-Policy Factors ................... 69 Essay 4: Multi

Sadeh, Norman M.

328

Labor in the American Economy Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials are provided for a unit to teach students to recognize the importance of labor in the growth of the economy. The 1- to 2-week unit is intended for a 12th-grade economics class. The lesson plan details concepts to be covered, rationale, instructional objectives, materials that will be used, teacher procedures, and student evaluation.…

Blumberg, Christine A.

329

Luce Irigaray’s sexuate economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some feminist commentators ignore Luce Irigaray’s contributions to rethinking classical and neoclassical theories of the market when their aims and hers are often largely of a piece. Other feminist commentators celebrate Irigaray’s writings by privileging a certain conception of the gift her philosophy is said to evoke because it challenges the logic of the market economy and its masculinist biases.

Linda Daley

2012-01-01

330

Supporting Innovation in Developing and Transitional Economies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of innovative entrepreneurship and the needs of developing and transitional economies. Outlines the operation of the European Commission's Business and Innovation Centres. Suggests that innovation must be viewed as a major issue in all enterprises and that greater recognition be given to the role of innovative small and…

Robinson, Simon

1997-01-01

331

What Does the Economy Bode for Fundraising?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the United States economy on a rollercoaster ride this year and words like "meltdown," "bailout," and "crisis" commonly used in recent weeks in connection with the financial markets, college and university administrators might find themselves becoming increasingly anxious about their fundraising plans. They needn't be, according to several…

Bourbon, Julie

2008-01-01

332

Does China deserve the market economy status?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Throughout the past 30 years, major economic reforms have been implemented in China; in 2001, China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) was a major step, since it enabled the country to formally join the globalised world. But China entered the WTO without market economy status (MES), meaning that other countries can easily use the WTO international

Marie-José Rinaldi-Larribe; William S. Lightfoot; Zhongxiu Zhao

2009-01-01

333

Biotech Tradeoffs in the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Synthesizes findings with personal estimates of likely impacts of biotechnology on nonmetropolitan economy, farming, public research institutions. Indicates biotechnology's benefit to rural America may come in expanded demand for raw materials although drawbacks may include declining farm numbers and displacement of rural workers in…

Buttel, Frederick H.

1987-01-01

334

The Information Economy: The Technology Matrices (1967).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report series defines and measures the "information activity" within the national economy. "Information activity" is defined to include those specific industries and occupations whose primary function is to produce, process, or transmit economically valuable information. Changes in the national labor force are analyzed over a 120-year span.…

Porat, Marc Uri; Rubin, Michael R.

335

Building New York City's Innovation Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic research institutions have long been important economic anchors for New York City. They provide thousands of jobs and serve as a magnet for talented students and faculty, who inject hundreds of millions of dollars into the local economy through federal research grants. Yet, even though New York's concentration of top-fight scientific…

O'Grady, Jim; Bowles, Jonathan

2009-01-01

336

BRINGING AROUND REAL CHANGE JOBS. ECONOMY. ENVIRONMENT.  

E-print Network

BRINGING AROUND REAL CHANGE JOBS. ECONOMY. ENVIRONMENT. INNOVATIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY FINANCE to the cost of nearly 40 million new textbooks ENGERY CONSUMED BY SCHOOLS #12;Energy efficient lighting-front cost PACE legislation is an innovative financing structure that funds Energy Efficiency and Renewable

California at Davis, University of

337

The metamorphosis of Lewis's dual economy model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that Arthur Lewis originally presented the problem of economic development in terms of an open system, in the sense that it focused on a number of possible pitfalls and socio?economic constraints in the process of capital accumulation and industrialization in a labour?surplus economy. In the hands of the neoclassical economists, who were predominantly interested in achieving deterministic

Dipak Ghosh

2007-01-01

338

Valid Knowledge: The Economy and the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of Western universities as public institutions is the subject of extensive continuing debate, underpinned by the issue of what constitutes "valid knowledge". Where in the past only propositional knowledge codified by academics was considered valid, in the new economy enabled by information and communications technology, the procedural…

Williams, Peter John

2007-01-01

339

The Economy of the Early Roman Empire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many inhabitants of ancient Rome lived well. Tourists marvel at the temples, baths, roads and aqueducts that they built. Economists also want to understand the existence of a flourishing and apparently prosperous economy two millennia ago. Market institutions and a stable government appear to have been the combination that produced this remarkable result. This essay provides an economist's view of

Peter Temin

2006-01-01

340

Hydrodynamics from kinetic models of conservative economies  

E-print Network

two agents is considered to be an elastic or money conserving collision between two molecules. In particular, by identifying money in a closed economy with energy, the applica- tion of statistical physics, in fact, the knowledge of the large-wealth behavior of the steady state density is of primary importance

Düring, Bertram

341

The BP Oil Spill: Economy versus Ecology  

E-print Network

The BP Oil Spill: Economy versus Ecology By Carolyn Merchant University of California, Berkeley. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill on April 20, 2010 is a striking example of the conflict between two sciences the oikos. In response to the 1969 Union Oil spill in Santa Barbara, California, thousands of demonstrators

Merchant, Carolyn

342

The Political Economy of Kenya's Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using political economy analysis, this paper discusses three precipitating factors that were ignited by Kenya's 2007 election, which was too close to call beforehand and highly contested afterwards. These factors were: the gradual loss of the state's monopoly of legitimate force and the consequent diffusion of violence; the deliberate weakening of institutions outside the executive in favour of personalized presidential

Susanne D. Mueller

2008-01-01

343

Toward a Theory of the Informal Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic activity taking place within the informal sector—traditionally defined as activity unregulated by law but governed by custom or personal ties—represents an emerging frontier for management researchers with interests from alleviating poverty at the bottom of the economic pyramid to entrepreneurship, innovation, or organizational functioning in advanced knowledge economies. A substantial portion of the world's economic activity takes place informally,

Paul C. Godfrey

2011-01-01

344

Pakistan: The Political Economy of Lawlessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a unique multi-disciplinary work encompassing the disciplines of economics, criminology, sociology, public administration, and policing. It shows in concrete quantitative terms the connection between lawlessness and the economy of Pakistan. It presents a sound strategy for good governance and macro-economic stability and provides, a cost effective model for indigenous policing conducive to sustainable economic develpoment.

Azhar Hassan Nadeem

345

Essays and Experiments in Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation presents three papers that can be generally categorized as political economy. Though they differ in topic and methodology, a unifying theme is accountability. The first two papers focus on political accountability and the factors that influence a voter’s decision to hold representatives responsible for their choices. Such factors include seniority advantage, information, and pork barrel spending. The third

Cortney Stephen Rodet

2011-01-01

346

Family division in China's transitional economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a longitudinal data-set (the China Health and Nutrition Survey) we explored the effect of various economic factors, including household wealth, employment sector, and involvement in a household business on the division of extended families in China's transitional economy. Results from event history analyses suggest that these economic factors act as either a dividing or a unifying force on the

Feinian Chen

2009-01-01

347

The Learning Region between Pedagogy and Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic growth is stimulated through learning. In "the learning economies" of those European regions that chose to develop their human and intellectual capital wisely, benefits have been visible. But this is a one-dimensional outlook in a multi-dimensional world. A "Learning Region" is an entirely different entity, pooling and mobilising its…

Piazza, Roberta

2010-01-01

348

Alternative resources for the methanol economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Generally, methanol produced for chemical applications is made predominantly via fossil resources. But it can also be obtained from any carbon-containing feedstock, including biomass, biogas, forest residues, and municipal or other waste products. Perspective viewing and critical assessment show the possibilities and constraints of such alternative resources for the realization of the methanol economy with high sustainability. The bibliography includes 57 references.

Reschetilowski, W.

2013-07-01

349

States economy consumes 25% of the  

E-print Network

. Electrically-powered chillers will gen- erate chilled water for air conditioning. The new plant will also useThe United States economy consumes 25% of the energy used worldwide each year to support the U.S. lifestyle. One- third of U.S. energy is provided by oil, and is used to power our cars, fuel the trucks

Baltisberger, Jay H.

350

Credit Risk in a Network Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a structural model of credit risk in a network economy, where any firm can lend to any other firm, so that each firm is subject to counterparty risk either from direct borrowers or from remote firms in the network. This model takes into account the role of each firm's cash management. We show that we can obtain a

Didier Cossin; Henry Schellhorn

2007-01-01

351

Ringvorlesung Gender Studies: Gender Economies Gender Cultures  

E-print Network

Ringvorlesung Gender Studies: Gender Economies ­ Gender Cultures www.uni-siegen.de/gender Sabine Lebenskonzepten -Klausur- Bei Fragen und Anregungen können Sie sich gerne bei uns melden: gender@uni-siegen.de Weitere Informationen erhalten Sie auch auf unserer Homepage www.uni-siegen.de/gender ! Wintersemester

Siegen, Universität

352

Peer Managed Token Economies: Evaluation and Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results indicate equivalent levels of patient performance when contingent reinforcement in a residential token economy program was controlled by either patient peer groups or staff. Patients in a peer-managed program showed positive ward behavior, reductions in psychosocial problems, and increase in potential for adjusting to community life.…

Bedell, Jeffrey R.; Archer, Robert P.

1980-01-01

353

A Home-School Token Economy Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a workable plan for all counselors who wish to establish cooperation and collaboration between parents and teachers concerning children's problems that involve achievement and misbehavior. A basic outline of how to implement a home-school token economy plan is presented with two case examples illustrating its use and effectiveness.…

Thompson, Charles L.; Fairchild, Tom

1985-01-01

354

A Cooperative Home-School Token Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes token economy systems for use with students with severe behavioral disorders, including systems extending from the classroom into home life. Techniques for soliciting parent participation, training parents, and maintaining the system are put forth. Variations on the system and a sample checklist are also included. (PB)

Lazarus, Belinda D.

1990-01-01

355

Establishing and Balancing a Classroom Token Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents a classroom token economy system for providing classroom structure, eliminating or controlling a variety of problem behaviors, and for demonstration and teaching purposes. The first section addresses income production (payment for productive work using classroom work periods as payment periods). A percentage method in paying for…

Center, David B.; Arnault, Lynne

356

Abraham Lincoln and the global economy.  

PubMed

Abraham Lincoln would have well understood the challenges facing many modern emerging nations. In Lincoln's America, as in many developing nations today, sweeping economic change threatened older industries, traditional ways of living, and social and national cohesion by exposing economies and societies to new and powerful competitive forces. Yet even in the midst of the brutal and expensive American Civil war--and in part because of it--Lincoln and the Republican Congress enacted bold legislation that helped create a huge national market, a strong and unified economy governed by national institutions, and a rising middle class of businessmen and property owners. Figuring out how to maximize the benefits of globalization while minimizing its disruptions is a formidable challenge for policy makers. How do you expand opportunities for the talented and the lucky while making sure the rest of society doesn't fall behind? It may be helpful to look at the principles that informed the policies that Lincoln and the Republican Congress instituted after they came to power in 1861: Facilitate the upward mobility of low- and middle-income groups to give them a significant stake in the country. Emphasize the good of the national economy over regional interests. Affirm the need for sound government institutions to temper the dynamics of the free enterprise system. Tailor policies to the national situation. Realize that a period of turmoil may present a unique opportunity for reform. These principles drove the reforms that helped Americans cope with and benefit from rapid technological advances and the fast integration of the American economy in the nineteenth century. They may be instructive to today's policy makers who are struggling to help their own citizens integrate into the fast-changing global economy of the twenty-first century. PMID:12884668

Hormats, Robert D

2003-08-01

357

Thriving locally in the global economy.  

PubMed

More and more small and midsize companies are joining corporate giants in striving to exploit international growth markets. At the same time, civic leaders worry about their communities' economic future in light of the impact of global forces on the operation and survival of business. How can communities retain local vitality yet still link their business to the global economy? Harvard professor Rosabeth Moss Kanter addresses that question in this classic HBR article, orginally published in 1995. To avoid a clash between international economic interests and local political interests, globalizing business must learn how to be responsive to the communities in which they operate, Kanter says. And communities must determine how to create a civic culture that will attract and retain footloose companies. The author surveyed five U.S. regions with direct connections to the global economy--Boston, Cleveland, Miami, Seattle, and the Spartanburg-Greenville region of South Carolina--to determine their business and civic leader's strategies for improving their constituent's quality of life. She identified ways in which the global economy can work locally by capitalizing on the resources that distinguish one place from another. Kanter argues that regions can invest in capabilities that connect their local populations to the global economy in one of three ways: as thinkers, makers, or traders. She points to the Spartanburg-Greenville region as a good example of a world-class makers, with its exceptional blue-collar workforce that has attracted more than 200 companies from 18 countries. The history of the economic development of this region is a lesson for those seeking to understand how to achieve world-class status and bring local residents into the world economy. PMID:12884672

Kanter, Rosabeth Moss

2003-08-01

358

Aspects of the political economy of development and synthetic biology  

E-print Network

What implications might synthetic biology’s potential as a wholly new method of production have for the world economy, particularly developing countries? Theories of political economy predict that synthetic biology can ...

Wellhausen, Rachel

359

PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy  

E-print Network

4/23/2009 Present PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy May 27's future economy and workforce will be affected by new initiatives such as development and implementation

Gilchrist, James F.

360

Rebuilding a safety culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk\\/assessment\\/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

George A. Rodney

1991-01-01

361

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY PROGRAMS SPRING 2012 Including: Free Information Session New Program in Health and Safety CONTINUING AND PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION #12;2 Our Health and Safety Programs Workplace Health and Safety Certificate Program For every dollar invested in workplace safety, organizations

California at Davis, University of

362

Pollution Control in a Transition Economy: Do Firms Face Economies and\\/or Diseconomies of Scale?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We empirically assess whether firms face economies and\\/or diseconomies of scale with respect to air pollution control by evaluating the effects of production on firmlevel air emission levels using a panel of Czech firms during the country’s transitional period of 1993 to 1998. By estimating a separate set of production-related coefficients for each individual sector, the analysis permits economies\\/diseconomies of

Dietrich Earnhart; Lubomir Lizal

2010-01-01

363

Fuel economy screening study of advanced automotive gas turbine engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fuel economy potentials were calculated and compared among ten turbomachinery configurations. All gas turbine engines were evaluated with a continuously variable transmission in a 1978 compact car. A reference fuel economy was calculated for the car with its conventional spark ignition piston engine and three speed automatic transmission. Two promising engine/transmission combinations, using gasoline, had 55 to 60 percent gains over the reference fuel economy. Fuel economy sensitivities to engine design parameter changes were also calculated for these two combinations.

Klann, J. L.

1980-01-01

364

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuel Economy Testing at the U.S. EPA National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (SAE Paper 2004-01-2900)  

EPA Science Inventory

The introduction of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and their new technology has created the need for development of new fuel economy test procedures and safety procedures during testing. The United States Environmental Protection Agency-National Vehicle Fuels and Emissions Laborato...

365

Herbal Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past decade, there has been an increased interest in herbal medicines and treatments, both from the mainstream medical community and the general public. One need look no further than the cold drink section of the local supermarket to see the various herbal supplements that are prominently displayed on many drink labels. In an effort to provide critical evaluations of these various herbs and related products, the University of Texas at El Paso has created this important website in order to disseminate information about research findings related to herbal use and to provide these findings in both English and Spanish. There are a number of very helpful fact sheets presented here, including those that the deal with such commonly used medicinal herbs and plants, such as ginseng, chamomile, pumpkin seeds, and St. John's Wort. The Herbal Safety site also contains information on recent medical studies that examine the effectiveness of such medicinal treatments.

366

Propeller Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 412,000 members, the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) continues to work for the issues that are important to its members. One area that they are very concerned with is providing educational materials and opportunities for those persons who would like to enter the aircraft maintenance field. They are continuingly updating their online collection of technical primers and general overviews. One particular noteworthy publication is their "Propeller Safety" manual. Within the document's 12 pages, visitors can learn the basics about working around the propeller, prop mechanics, and key maintenance matters. Along the way, interested parties will find helpful graphics, photographs, and visual aids that will help them identify various problem areas.

367

Safety Manual Prepared by the  

E-print Network

Radiation and Laser Safety 19 Laser Safety 21 Compressed Gas and Cryogenic Safety 22 Electrical Safety 24IMS Safety Manual Prepared by the IMS Safety Committee January 1991 (revised 1/2009) Institute 2 Introduction 3 IMS Laboratory Safety Reporting Policy 4 IMS Safety Committee 5 Fire Safety

Alpay, S. Pamir

368

FDI and the Opening Up of China's Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although China has been opening up its economy for more than twenty years, it is generally considered that its future accession to WTO will imply far-reaching consequences for its economy. In order to better understand what is at stake as China enters the WTO, this study is intended to investigate the degree of openness of China's economy at the end

Francoise Lemoine

2000-01-01

369

Growth and the Current Account in a Small Open Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a framework with which to analyze growth in a small economy with perfect capital mobility. Produces a diagrammatic representation of steady states that differs from the usual closed-economy Solow-Swan diagram. Uses the diagrams to compare open economy steady states with closed ones. Illustrate the possibility of endogenous income growth.…

Benge, Matt; Wells, Graeme

2002-01-01

370

Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULR *  

E-print Network

1 Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULR� * Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne of the concept of a New Economy. This construct, which first began to appear in the media in the mid-1990s that is associated with it, express an extremely optimistic view of the future of the U.S. economy, and are best

Boyer, Edmond

371

Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy  

E-print Network

Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy JOHN PEZZEY EEN0203 #12;Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy John C. V. Pezzey Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies Australian National.K. Draft of 23 January 2002 Abstract. Exact optimal paths are calculated for a closed economy with human

Pezzey, Jack

372

75 FR 55739 - Cybersecurity, Innovation and the Internet Economy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Cybersecurity, Innovation and the Internet Economy AGENCY: National Telecommunications and...sector and innovation in the Internet economy has been extended until 5 p.m. Eastern...sector and innovation in the Internet economy, with a closing date for comments...

2010-09-14

373

INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ECON/INST 325 Spring 2014  

E-print Network

1 INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ­ ECON/INST 325 Spring 2014 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Meenakshi Rishi: International political economy (IPE) is a study that synthesizes methods and theories of economics, politics and power in the global economy. It covers various traditional theories and critical perspectives

Carter, John

374

The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap  

E-print Network

The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap A QuAntitAtive AnAlysis Authors David Roland-Holst Dep-and-trade program--the policy recommended by Governor Crist's Action Team--on the Florida economy over the coming decades. The model looks at the entire Florida economy on an interactive basis over time, and takes

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

375

The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL  

E-print Network

The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL Invited Paper This paper economy as a metaphor for effective management of resources and appli- cation scheduling. It identifies distributed resource management challenges and requirements of economy-based Grid systems, and discusses

Abramson, David

376

Green economy grows jobs Article by: , Star Tribune  

E-print Network

- 1 - Green economy grows jobs Article by: , Star Tribune Updated: July 12, 2011 - 9:21 PM The private-sector "green" economy in Minnesota employs nearly 40,000 workers and is growing, a study by the Brookings Institution has found. The study, "Sizing the Clean Economy," said U.S. employment in businesses

Minnesota, University of

377

State of the economy and the prospect for recovery  

E-print Network

State of the economy and the prospect for recovery According to Dr. Ira Kalish, the director of global economics at Deloitte Research, the global economy has "stabilized" somewhat in the first quarter policy in the economy. Although the impact of the federal government stimulus package was debated

Moore, Paul A.

378

ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy  

E-print Network

ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy July 8th - August 9th Yale Summer Session 2013 This course is designed to provide students with an intensive overview of the Chinese economy with focus. Over three decades, the Chinese economy undergone a rapid economic transformation at an unprecedented

379

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy  

E-print Network

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy Bryan Martin, The Colorado Mountain Club #12;Colorado's Recreation Economy The Colorado Mountain Club · 8,000 Members · 14 Chapters's Recreation Economy By the Numbers · $10 Billion Annually · 107,000 Jobs · $500 Million in State Tax Revenue

380

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2011-10-01

381

Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and  

E-print Network

Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and Information Technology Policy Pamela Samuelson Hal R. Varian of the information technology sector (IT) in the 1980s was an important development for the economy, but it spurred that the 1990's witnessed the emergence of a "New Economy." That term dates back to the 1980's when it referred

Varian, Hal R.

382

The Initiation of Homeless Youth into the Street Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15-23) were recruited from four community-based…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Gostnell, Karla; Smolenski, Carol; Willis, Brian; Nish, David; Nolan, Theresa C.; Tharaken, Maya; Ritchie, Amanda S.

2009-01-01

383

Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker*  

E-print Network

Chapter 9 Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker* To appear in: Eckhard-Keynesian macro models for closed economies, the present chapter focuses on extensions of these models the post-Keynesian framework to a global economy that has become much more integrated in the past few

Carlini, David

384

A G E N D A Fuel Economy &  

E-print Network

A G E N D A Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Seminar SPEAKERS Rich Cregar, Wake Technical Program Jonathan Overly 8:4510:15 ­ Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Technologies & Practices Rich Cregar 10:1510:30 ­ Break 10:3010:55 ­ FuelEconomy.gov & increasing Fuel Efficiency Robert

Tennessee, University of

385

University and Business Relations: Connecting the Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is commonplace to say that the modern economy is knowledge based but a moment's reflection points to the vacuity of this notion. For all economies are knowledge based and could not be otherwise. The question is rather how is one kind of knowledge based economy to be distinguished from another? This essay proposes that the answer may lie in…

Metcalfe, J. Stanley

2010-01-01

386

PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy  

E-print Network

PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy Date: June 5, 2012 Time: 7:30 am impact your business and regional economy · Processes and programs for moving laboratory technologies in Advancing PA's Economy Agenda 730 Registration and Breakfast 820 Welcome 830 Keynote: TBA 910 Break 925

Gilchrist, James F.

387

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2012-10-01

388

ver the past few years, the global economy has been  

E-print Network

O ver the past few years, the global economy has been sluggish and its growth far below what that in the mid- 2000s. Although the world economy has mostly recovered from the 2009 recession, it still lacks the strong growth that characterized the first decade of the post-Cold War era. The world economy posted a 3

Hemmers, Oliver

389

MANAGING NETWORK ORGANIZATIONS IN THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY: LEARNING  

E-print Network

ECONOMY: LEARNING FROM SUCCESS AND FAILURE Hamid R. Ekbia School of Library and Information Science The current economy has brought the network model of organization to the forefront of management theory. INTRODUCTION The information economy seems to favor the network model of organiza- tion. This is what various

Indiana University

390

THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES Effie Philippakos  

E-print Network

i THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES By Effie Philippakos Alan W. Hodges David Mulkey Charles M. Adams Abstract This report is intended to characterize the economies of Manatee and Sarasota-county region. The overall size and seasonal variations in the economies of Manatee and Sarasota Counties were

Florida, University of

391

The Russian Economy in the Year 2005. Grard Roland  

E-print Network

1 The Russian Economy in the Year 2005. by Gérard Roland UC Berkeley #12;2 1. Introduction Since contradictory signals about the health of the Russian economy and its future. One has observed a fall in real the same year. Has the Russian economy lost its momentum with the crackdown on Yukos? Is it headed

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

392

Technology and Innovation in the Service Economyin the Service Economy  

E-print Network

Technology and Innovation in the Service Economyin the Service Economy Irving Wladawsky-Berger irving@irvingwb.com #12;The Changing Nature of Research and Innovation Industrial Economy Information & Service Economy Focus Natural and engineered physical objects People, information and services based

Gabrieli, John

393

75 FR 36633 - Cybersecurity and Innovation in the Information Economy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Cybersecurity and Innovation in the Information Economy AGENCY: National Institute of Standards...commercial space and innovation in the Internet economy. DATES: The meeting will be held on...cybersecurity and innovation in the Internet economy, with a particular emphasis on the...

2010-06-28

394

A Breakout Year Propels New Jersey Economy into 2005  

E-print Network

A Breakout Year Propels New Jersey Economy into 2005 A t the end of 2003, we tiptoed out on the forecasting limb and asserted that if the 2004 national economy were a movie, it would be titled "Showtime." We also opined that if the 2004 New Jersey economy were a movie, it would be titled "The Sweet Smell

395

Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy  

E-print Network

1 Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy Sourangsu Banerji Visiting study the effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with respect to India and its economy. We try interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

396

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2013-10-01

397

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2014-10-01

398

Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy  

E-print Network

Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy Thomas A. Lubik Department supply which is empirically quite small. In principle, this link can be broken in a multisectoral economy sectors. This paper reinterprets this line of reasoning in a small open economy with a traded and a non

Niebur, Ernst

399

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Global Political Economy  

E-print Network

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Global Political Economy programme in Global Political Economy at City University, you will engage in advanced study of various MA degree in global political economy with a mixture of core courses covering general concepts

Weyde, Tillman

400

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2010-10-01

401

THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review  

E-print Network

THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review UNITEDNATIONSENVIRONMENTPROGRAMME #12;Copyright/iStockphoto.com #12;THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review #12;2 Contents Acknowledgements 3 Introduction 4 The Hydrogen Economy and Sustainable Development 6 What is Hydrogen? 6 The Environmental Implications

402

OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at  

E-print Network

From: OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at: http://dx.doi.org/10 and development", in OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10 of international law. #12;OECD Internet Economy Outlook © OECD 2012 63 Chapter 2 Internet trends and development

Weske, Mathias

403

China Economy: Technology, Growth and Global Connections (3 Credits)  

E-print Network

China Economy: Technology, Growth and Global Connections (3 Credits) Instructor Susan Mays. It examines major trends in the economy and society, including trends in income, the workforce, trade, foreign, drivers, and challenges in China's unique and dynamic economy, in a global context. Topics 1. China

404

The Knowledge-Based Economy: Conceptual Framework or Buzzword?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last two decades, concepts have appeared that have influenced and even defined entire science and technology policies in Western countries: high technology, national system of innovation, information economy, knowledge-based economy, and the new economy. In all these policy developments, the OECD, acting as a think tank for its member countries, has been an important promoter of these concepts,

Benoît Godin

2006-01-01

405

Texas in transition: dependence on oil and the national economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Texas may once have appeared immune to national business cycles, the state's economy no longer has such immunity. The authors quantify the degree to which the Texas economy's responsiveness to oil prices and the national economy has changed. They find that Texas nonagricultural employment is 62% less sensitive to unexpected changes in real oil prices and 338% more responsive

Thomas B. Fomby; Joseph G. Hirschberg

1989-01-01

406

he Southern Nevada economy is very dependent on its leisure  

E-print Network

T he Southern Nevada economy is very dependent on its leisure and hospitality industry. After of Las Vegas tourism have not yet reached their prerecession peaks. Strength in the U.S. economy, particularly Arizona's and California's, and in the Asia Pacific economies will be essential for a full

Hemmers, Oliver

407

8. Morocco's political economy: Ambiguous privatization and the emerging social  

E-print Network

1 8. Morocco's political economy: Ambiguous privatization and the emerging social question Myriam at international level. In terms of political economy, alongside its historical and institutional specificities-documented analysis of the political economy of repression in Tunisia, the economic "good student". 2 Williamson 1990

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

Structural Changes in a Reforming World Economy: Implications for Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

How will rapid East Asian industrialisation and international trade policy reforms affect Indonesia's economy? Taking an economy-wide perspective and drawing on projections to 2005, based on a global applied general equilibrium model (GTAP), we show the impact of Uruguay Round implementation, and explore other international influences on Indonesia's and neighbouring economies. Trade reforms likely to accompany China's (and Taiwan's) membership

Kym Anderson; Mari Pangestu

1998-01-01

409

Imperialism, empire and the integration of the Roman economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the political economy of the Roman empire is well understood, the nature of the economy as a whole is a matter of fierce debate. A range of competing hypotheses about the nature of the Roman economy are presented, and then distributions of amphorae and certain other artefact categories are used to suggest some broad patterns which successful theories of

Greg Woolf

1992-01-01

410

Challenges for Pakistani SMEs in a Knowledge-Based Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempt is made to indentify the major issues of knowledge-based economy, which are facing SMEs in Pakistan. Literature review: literature review reveals that Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are playing very important role in the development of economy in Pakistan. Despite of the important contribution to economy, SMEs are still facing serious issues. These issues create serious threats for the

Muhammad Khalique; Jamal Abdul Nassir Shaari

2011-01-01

411

Are standards Effective in Improving Automobile Fuel Economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an intense debate over whether fuel economy standards or fuel taxation is the more appropriate policy instrument to raise fuel economy and reduce CO2 emissions of cars. The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of standards and fuel prices in new car fuel economy with the aid of cross-section time series analysis of data from

Sofronis Clerides; Theodoros Zachariadis

2006-01-01

412

The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally  

E-print Network

The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally Wednesday, April 3, 2013 12:00 ­ 1:30 p.m. Wrigley and Executive Director, Local First Arizona Small Business Owner The economy isn't something far away purchasing habits can improve the local economy, create jobs, and contribute recirculating dollars

Hall, Sharon J.

413

Economy-Based Data Replication Broker , J. H. Abawajy2  

E-print Network

Economy-Based Data Replication Broker Henry Lin1 , J. H. Abawajy2 , Rajkumar Buyya1 1 Grid to the real world [9]. In economy resource management grids, resources are sold to users as a service. When that the market economy will iterate towards a balanced and sustainable system of service demand and supply [10

Buyya, Rajkumar

414

Living in the Classroom: The Currency-Based Token Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various types of token economies and contingency contract systems are emerging throughout private and public educational programs. The basic idea of this book is that a token economy based on currency creates a real-life situation for children in the classroom. The goal of this book is to help the teacher establish a currency-based token economy

Payne, James S.; And Others

415

Cyber-economies and the Real World Lancaster University, UK  

E-print Network

Cyber-economies and the Real World Alan Dix Lancaster University, UK also vfridge limited and aQtive limited alan@hcibook.com http://www.hcibook.com/alan/papers/SAICSIT2001/ abstract Pure cyber-economies aim to give you a slightly different view of the role of the growing cyber- economy

Dix, Alan

416

POL 295 African Political Economy 1 POLITICS 295  

E-print Network

POL 295 African Political Economy 1 POLITICS 295 AFRICAN POLITICAL ECONOMY SPRING 2009 SYLLABUS in African politics and society, with a particular emphasis on political economy in contemporary. We will discuss political institutions and social change in contemporary Africa, and historical

Marsh, David

417

Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors.  

PubMed

Safety studies have primarily focused on how explicit processes and measures affect safety behavior and subsequent accidents and injuries. Recently, safety researchers have paid greater attention to the role of implicit processes. Our research focuses on the role of attentional bias toward safety (ABS) in workplace safety. ABS is a basic, early-stage cognitive process involving the automatic and selective allocation of attentional resources toward safety cues, which reflect the implicit motivational state of employees regarding safety goal. In this study, we used two reaction time-based paradigms to measure the ABS of employees in three studies: two modified Stroop tasks (Studies 1 and 2) and a visual dot-probe task (Study 3). Results revealed that employees with better safety behavior showed significant ABS (Study 2), and greater ABS than employees with poorer safety behavior (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, ABS was positively associated with the perceived safety climate and safety motivation of employees, both of which mediate the effect of ABS on safety behavior (Study 3). These results contributed to a deeper understanding of how early-stage automatic perceptual processing affects safety behavior. The practical implications of these results were also discussed. PMID:24922613

Xu, Yaoshan; Li, Yongjuan; Wang, Guangxi; Yuan, Xiao; Ding, Weidong; Shen, Zhongxiang

2014-10-01

418

Do guns provide safety? At what cost?  

PubMed

Many people feel that having a gun provides greater safety for them and their family. Actually, having a firearm in the home escalates the risk for death or injury, while using it to shoot someone who endangers the household is much less common. The resultant injuries, deaths, emotional turmoil, and/or disabilities lead to greater utilization of health care and legal/police services. Payment for these expenses is provided by higher insurance premiums and tax rates. This financial aspect has become a part of our country's current political concern over firearm ownership rights, gun violence or regulation, health care costs, the economy, and taxes. PMID:20065902

Narang, Puneet; Paladugu, Anubha; Manda, Sainath Reddy; Smock, William; Gosnay, Cynthia; Lippmann, Steven

2010-02-01

419

Pool & Spa Safety Act  

MedlinePLUS

... Stories Pool Safely Home Consumer Product Safety Commission, CPSC CPSC Home The Pool & Spa Safety Act Contact Information About PoolSafely.gov and CPSC The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is ...

420

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail this page Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

421

Paper Shredder Safety Alert  

MedlinePLUS

Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

422

Surveying Science Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of a National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) study that analyzed science classroom safety. Examines the potential need for a national safety indexing system to rank states with regard to science safety. (DDR)

Gerlovich, Jack A.; Parsa, Rahul

2002-01-01

423

ETE Electrical Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a collection of safety topics that may be discussed in electrical safety meetings or classes. Topics include fuse removal, GFCIs, electrical shock, first aid, LOTO, PPE, fire safety, and hazardous locations.

424

Household Safety: Preventing Drowning  

MedlinePLUS

... Expect Ebola: What to Know Household Safety: Preventing Drowning KidsHealth > Parents > First Aid & Safety > Home Sweet Home > Household Safety: Preventing Drowning Print A A A Text Size What's in ...

425

Water Safety Quiz  

MedlinePLUS

Water Safety Quiz Trivia quiz loading... Please enable javascript. Stay Safe around Water Download water safety tips in English or Spanish and share them with your friends. Make Water Safety a Priority Contact your local Red Cross ...

426

Perceptions of social climate among participants in token economy and non-token economy cottages in a juvenile correctional institution  

Microsoft Academic Search

A revised version of Moos' Social Climate Scale (SCS) was used to measure the effects of a token economy on social climate as perceived by staff and residents in a state training school for delinquents. Significant mean differences between token economy cottages and non-token economy cottages on most social climate variables were found among both staff and residents. Implications of

Leland Wilkinson; N. Dickon Reppucci

1973-01-01

427

Safety analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

Knight, John C.

1995-01-01

428

Nuclear criticality safety guide  

SciTech Connect

This technical reference document cites information related to nuclear criticality safety principles, experience, and practice. The document also provides general guidance for criticality safety personnel and regulators.

Pruvost, N.L.; Paxton, H.C. [eds.] [eds.

1996-09-01

429

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office 130 DeSoto Street G-7 Parran with sources of ionizing radiation are required to be instructed in the basic principles of radiation protection and the potential risks of ionizing radiation. Radiation Safety Office personnel provide

Sibille, Etienne

430

Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety  

E-print Network

safety training and submit this registration to the LSO prior to use of Class 3B or 4 lasers. A copy will be returned to the Laser Supervisor to be filed in the Laboratory Laser Safety Notebook. Both the Laser Safety Page 2 of 2 FORM LU-1 Revision 01 1/31/2012 TO BE COMPLETED BY THE LASER USER REGISTRANT I have

Houston, Paul L.

431

Political economy of tobacco control in Thailand  

PubMed Central

Thailand has some of the world's strongest anti-tobacco legislation. This paper examines the political economy of tobacco control in Thailand, emphasising the identification of forces which have supported and opposed the passage of strong anti-tobacco measures. It argues that while a powerful tobacco control coalition was created in the late 1980s, the gains won by this coalition are now under threat from systematic attempts by transnational tobacco companies to strengthen their share of the Thai cigarette market. The possible privatisation of the Thailand Tobacco Monopoly could threaten the tobacco control cause, but the pro-control alliance is fighting back with a proposed Health Promotion Act which would challenge the tobacco industry with a hypothecated excise tax dedicated to health awareness campaigns.???Keywords: anti-tobacco legislation; political economy; Thailand; transnational tobacco companies PMID:11226361

Chantornvong, S.; McCargo, D.

2001-01-01

432

City of Ideas: Reinventing Boston's Innovation Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Foundation has worked for over a century to improve the lives of Boston-area residents through its investigations into the housing market, economic development, and the future of public schools. This 56-page report on Boston's innovation economy was released in March 2012, and it looks into how Boston will remain competitive in a range of 21st century industries over the coming years. In the introduction to the work, Paul S. Grogan, CEO of The Boston Foundation, notes that "Macro-economic trends have not been kind to households on the low end of the economic ladder" and "Our second challenge is the degree to which rising health care costs have outpaced our investment in education." Moving on, curious readers will find chapters in the paper titled "A New Paradigm for Boston's Innovation Economy" and "Possible Scenarios for Boston in 2030." Public policy types and others will find this work to be quite interesting and thought-provoking.

2012-03-14

433

Advancing Knowledge and the Knowledge Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The attention paid to the burgeoning "knowledge economy" continues to grow, particularly within the halls of higher education, the federal government, and in the private sector. This past January, the National Science Foundation (in collaboration with other institutions) convened a conference designed "to broaden and deepen common understanding of how difficult-to-measure knowledge resources drive an increasing virtualized economy and to assess prospects for advancing and regenerating knowledge infrastructure, institutions, and policies." While the conference itself is finished, users interested in these themes will appreciate this site, which offers some material about these various issues, along with material on the program itself and the work presented there. After examining these background materials, visitors will want to peruse the draft papers presented at the conference, which deal with networks of knowledge, measuring knowledge, and knowledge clusters.

434

A Glossary of Political Economy Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Authored by Paul M. Johnson, political scientist at Auburn University, this Website serves as an excellent online reference for students of political economy. There are over 200 definitions here of relevant terms, including capitalism, communism, market economy, tariff, supply side economics, law of supply and demand, macroeconomics, and many more. The entries feature hypertext links to related terms in the glossary. Definitions range from a concise sentence to a brief essay depending on the topic. Communism, for instance, receives well over a full frame; capitalism is defined in a few sentences. Nonetheless, the definitions seem to be without any definite political bias and more-than-adequate for students in high school and undergraduate courses as well as, of course, for the merely curious.

Johnson, Paul M.

435

Kin investment in wage-labor economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various human groups, from food foragers to inner-city urban Americans, have used widespread sharing of resources through\\u000a kin networks as a means of buffering themselves against fluctuations in resource availability in their environments. This\\u000a paper addresses the effects of progressive incorporation into a wage-labor economy on the benefits of traditional kin networks\\u000a for two social classes in urban South India.

Mary K. Shenk

2005-01-01

436

Individual diversity of functional brain network economy.  

PubMed

On average, brain network economy represents a trade-off between communication efficiency, robustness, and connection cost, although an analogous understanding on an individual level is largely missing. Evaluating resting-state networks of 42 healthy participants with seven Tesla functional magnetic resonance imaging and graph theory revealed that not even half of all possible connections were common across subjects. The strongest similarities among individuals were observed for interhemispheric and/or short-range connections, which may relate to the essential feature of the human brain to develop specialized systems within each hemisphere. Despite this marked variability in individual network architecture, all subjects exhibited equal small-world properties. Furthermore, interdependency between four major network economy metrics was observed across healthy individuals. The characteristic path length was associated with the clustering coefficient (peak correlation r=0.93), the response to network attacks (r=-0.97), and the physical connection cost in three-dimensional space (r=-0.62). On the other hand, clustering was negatively related to attack response (r=-0.75) and connection cost (r=-0.59). Finally, increased connection cost was associated with better response to attacks (r=0.65). This indicates that functional brain networks with high global information transfer also exhibit strong network resilience. However, it seems that these advantages come at the cost of decreased local communication efficiency and increased physical connection cost. Except for wiring length, the results were replicated on a subsample at three Tesla (n=20). These findings highlight the finely tuned interrelationships between different parameters of brain network economy. Moreover, the understanding of the individual diversity of functional brain network economy may provide further insights in the vulnerability to mental and neurological disorders. PMID:25411715

Hahn, Andreas; Kranz, Georg S; Sladky, Ronald; Ganger, Sebastian; Windischberger, Christian; Kasper, Siegfried; Lanzenberger, Rupert

2015-04-01

437

Economy and Environment Working Papers Inventory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the goal to provide a "convenient location for almost immediate publication of new working papers," this new database from the US Environmental Protection Agency Economy and Environment Division (discussed in the February 26, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics) is organized with the reader in mind. A variety of search tools query over 100 papers on http://yosemite1.epa.gov/EE/epa/wpi.nsf?OpenDatabase, and authors may submit their research and professional profiles on-site.

438

Maintaining Financial Stability in a Global Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has made available the papers presented at the "Maintaining Financial Stability in a Global Economy" symposium. The aim of the symposium is to explore "options for public authorities in adapting policies to keep financial systems safe and efficient, and to discuss response mechanisms to financial crises." The papers presented here look at the causes of financial instability, why policymakers should be concerned about financial instability, lessons from recent financial crises, and policies for maintaining financial stability.

1997-01-01

439

Can broadband access rescue the rural economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Government is promoting broadband for all, and specifically, is advocating business up-take of broadband that affords high-speed internet activity, to foster global competitiveness. Urban areas have economies of scale and the effect on price of concentration of demand. Rural areas do not, and potential broadband provision is thus problematic. The paper aims to study technology roll-out in rural

Laura Galloway

2007-01-01

440

Marketing Strategies in a Downturn Economy  

E-print Network

dimension. Marketing strategies must be transformed from a broad based promotional approach based on a growing economy to a more selective targeted approach. An approach which focuses on existing customers and promotes new technology as a way to lower... research is to segment and stratify each market into homogeneous submarkets from which to target specific programs. Segmentation is employed to increase the utility's understanding of its various markets and identify homogeneous markets which can...

Williams, M.

441

Capacity planning in a transitional economy: What issues? Which models?  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to an exploration of the important issues facing the Russian power generation system and its evolution in the foreseeable future and the kinds of modeling approaches that capture those issues. These issues include, for example, (1) trade-offs between investments in upgrading and refurbishment of existing thermal (fossil-fired) capacity and safety enhancements in existing nuclear capacity versus investment in new capacity, (2) trade-offs between investment in completing unfinished (under construction) projects based on their original design versus investment in new capacity with improved design, (3) incorporation of demand-side management options (investments in enhancing end-use efficiency, for example) within the planning framework, (4) consideration of the spatial dimensions of system planning including investments in upgrading electric transmission networks or fuel shipment networks and incorporating hydroelectric generation, (5) incorporation of environmental constraints and (6) assessment of uncertainty and evaluation of downside risk. Models for exploring these issues include low power shutdown (LPS) which are computationally very efficient, though approximate, and can be used to perform extensive sensitivity analyses to more complex models which can provide more detailed answers but are computationally cumbersome and can only deal with limited issues. The paper discusses which models can usefully treat a wide range of issues within the priorities facing decision makers in the Russian power sector and integrate the results with investment decisions in the wider economy.

Mubayi, V.; Leigh, R.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bright, R.N. [Anylec Research, Inc., Bayport, NY (United States)

1996-03-01

442

SHSD Manager Safety Engineering Group Manager  

E-print Network

. Shepherd: Explosives Safety, Facility Authorization Basis, Nuclear Safety R. Travis: Readiness Evaluations Safety, Machine Shop Safety, Tier I Program, Traffic Safety S. Moss: Nuclear Criticality Safety G

443

Testing safety commitment in organizations through interpretations of safety artifacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

ProblemSafety culture relates to injuries and safety incidents in organizations, but is difficult to asses and measure. We describe a preliminary test of assessing an organization's safety culture by examining employee interpretations of organizational safety artifacts (safety signs).

Gil Luria; Anat Rafaeli

2008-01-01

444

CCB Laboratory Safety Orientation Checklist Laboratory Safety Training Review  

E-print Network

/blood-borne pathogens, radiation safety, laser safety, liquid pyrophoric, etc...). ReviewCCB Laboratory Safety Orientation Checklist Laboratory Safety Training Review Attend CCB's Lab 300 in-class safety training. All personnel working within CCB

Heller, Eric

445

Food safety.  

PubMed

Food can never be entirely safe. Food safety is threatened by numerous pathogens that cause a variety of foodborne diseases, algal toxins that cause mostly acute disease, and fungal toxins that may be acutely toxic but may also have chronic sequelae, such as teratogenic, immunotoxic, nephrotoxic, and estrogenic effects. Perhaps more worrisome, the industrial activities of the last century and more have resulted in massive increases in our exposure to toxic metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic, which now are present in the entire food chain and exhibit various toxicities. Industrial processes also released chemicals that, although banned a long time ago, persist in the environment and contaminate our food. These include organochlorine compounds, such as 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene) (DDT), other pesticides, dioxins, and dioxin-like compounds. DDT and its breakdown product dichlorophenyl dichloroethylene affect the developing male and female reproductive organs. In addition, there is increasing evidence that they exhibit neurodevelopmental toxicities in human infants and children. They share this characteristic with the dioxins and dioxin-like compounds. Other food contaminants can arise from the treatment of animals with veterinary drugs or the spraying of food crops, which may leave residues. Among the pesticides applied to food crops, the organophosphates have been the focus of much regulatory attention because there is growing evidence that they, too, affect the developing brain. Numerous chemical contaminants are formed during the processing and cooking of foods. Many of them are known or suspected carcinogens. Other food contaminants leach from the packaging or storage containers. Examples that have garnered increasing attention in recent years are phthalates, which have been shown to induce malformations in the male reproductive system in laboratory animals, and bisphenol A, which negatively affects the development of the central nervous system and the male reproductive organs. Genetically modified foods present new challenges to regulatory agencies around the world because consumer fears that the possible health risks of these foods have not been allayed. An emerging threat to food safety possibly comes from the increasing use of nanomaterials, which are already used in packaging materials, even though their toxicity remains largely unexplored. Numerous scientific groups have underscored the importance of addressing this issue and developing the necessary tools for doing so. Governmental agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration and other agencies in the USA and their counterparts in other nations have the increasingly difficult task of monitoring the food supply for these chemicals and determining the human health risks associated with exposure to these substances. The approach taken until recently focused on one chemical at a time and one exposure route (oral, inhalational, dermal) at a time. It is increasingly recognized, however, that many of the numerous chemicals we are exposed to everyday are ubiquitous, resulting in exposure from food, water, air, dust, and soil. In addition, many of these chemicals act on the same target tissue by similar mechanisms. "Mixture toxicology" is a rapidly growing science that addresses the complex interactions between chemicals and investigates the effects of cumulative exposure to such "common mechanism groups" of chemicals. It is to be hoped that this results in a deeper understanding of the risks we face from multiple concurrent exposures and makes our food supply safer. PMID:19911313

Borchers, Andrea; Teuber, Suzanne S; Keen, Carl L; Gershwin, M Eric

2010-10-01

446

Bromine Safety  

SciTech Connect

The production and handling in 1999 of about 200 million kilograms of bromine plus substantial derivatives thereof by Great Lakes Chemical Corp. and Albemarle Corporation in their southern Arkansas refineries gave OSHA Occupational Injury/Illness Rates (OIIR) in the range of 0.74 to 1.60 reportable OIIRs per 200,000 man hours. OIIRs for similar industries and a wide selection of other U.S. industries range from 1.6 to 23.9 in the most recent OSHA report. Occupational fatalities for the two companies in 1999 were zero compared to a range in the U.S.of zero for all computer manufacturing to 0.0445 percent for all of agriculture, forestry and fishing in the most recent OSHA report. These results show that bromine and its compounds can be considered as safe chemicals as a result of the bromine safety standards and practices at the two companies. The use of hydrobromic acid as an electrical energy storage medium in reversible PEM fuel cells is discussed. A study in 1979 of 20 megawatt halogen working fluid power plants by Oronzio de Nora Group found such energy to cost 2 to 2.5 times the prevailing base rate at that time. New conditions may reduce this relative cost. The energy storage aspect allows energy delivery at maximum demand times where the energy commands premium rates. The study also found marginal cost and performance advantages for hydrobromic acid over hydrochloric acid working fluid. Separate studies in the late 70s by General Electric also showed marginal performance advantages for hydrobromic acid.

Meyers, B

2001-04-09

447

Safety Standards for Projectors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safety of projectors and related viewing devices for school, home, and business use is of paramount importance. The Advisory Committee on Safety (ACOS) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has established a working group to consider the problem of projector safety and to make recommendations for safety standards. (CMV)

Wyman, Raymond

1979-01-01

448

Nuclear Powerplant Safety: Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Powerplant systems and procedures that ensure the day-to-day health and safety of people in and around the plant is referred to as operational safety. This safety is the result of careful planning, good engineering and design, strict licensing and regulation, and environmental monitoring. Procedures that assure operational safety at nuclear…

Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Nuclear Energy Office.

449

Radiation Safety September 2013  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Manual September 2013 Office of Environment, Health & Safety #12;RADIATION SAFETY of ionizing radiation as a valuable tool to extend fundamental knowledge. These activities are an important of radiation-producing machines and radioactive materials attests to the success of its radiation safety

California at Irvine, University of

450

Radiation Safety Program Annual Review  

E-print Network

.................................................................................................3 MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT OF THE RADIATION SAFETY/LASER SAFETY PROGRAMS .............3 LICENSE RENEWAL SAFETY/LASER SAFETY PROGRAM OVERVIEW.......................................................4 RADIATION for Radiation Producing Machines (RPM) Expires 8/31/2011 MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT OF THE RADIATION SAFETY/LASER

Lyubomirsky, Ilya

451

Launch Services Safety Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA/KSC Launch Services Division Safety (SA-D) services include: (1) Assessing the safety of the launch vehicle (2) Assessing the safety of NASA ELV spacecraft (S/C) / launch vehicle (LV) interfaces (3) Assessing the safety of spacecraft processing to ensure resource protection of: - KSC facilities - KSC VAFB facilities - KSC controlled property - Other NASA assets (4) NASA personnel safety (5) Interfacing with payload organizations to review spacecraft for adequate safety implementation and compliance for integrated activities (6) Assisting in the integration of safety activities between the payload, launch vehicle, and processing facilities

Loftin, Charles E.

2008-01-01

452

Knowledge integrated visual analysis system for in-depth management of bridge safety and maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infrastructure safety affects millions of U.S citizens in many ways. Among all the infrastructures, the bridge plays a significant role in providing substantial economy and public safety. Nearly 600,000 bridges across the U.S are mandated to be inspected every twenty-four months. Although these inspections could generate great amount of rich data for bridge engineers to make critical maintenance decisions, processing

Xiaoyu Wang; Wenwen Dou; Rashna Vatcha; Wanqiu Liu; Shen-En Chen; Seok-Won Lee; Remco Chang; William Ribarsky

2009-01-01

453

How China is Reorganizing the World Economy  

E-print Network

This paper contains the views of the authors and should not be thought to represent those of the Bank of England. Executive Summary China's emergence is clearly one of the most important forces currently reshaping the world economy. This paper asks how China will fit into the global division of labor and affect growth and distribution in other countries. As a labor abundant economy with neighbors capable of efficiently supplying industrial technology, components and capital, China will presumably specialize in the production of labor-intensive manufactures for sale on foreign and, increasingly, its own domestic markets. It will import capitalintensive manufactures, foodstuffs, and primary products including energy, given that it is relatively less well endowed in the capital, land and natural resources used intensively in the production of these goods. In this paper we analyze the impact of China's integration into the global economy on other countries, Asian countries in particular. We first examine how the growth of China's exports is affecting the exports of other countries in Asia and the rest of the world. Our innovation here is to distinguish exports of capital goods, consumer goods, intermediates, and raw materials and to disaggregate textiles, apparel and consumer electronics, the most visible sectors where China's presence is felt. We next look to the impact of China on direct foreign investment flows. Here our innovation is to distinguish vertical and horizontal FDI and to consider explicitly how supply-chain relationships affect these forms of FDI. We then look more closely at factors influencing the articulation of these supply chains, the fragmentation of production, and the emerging international division of labor, focusing on two industries, electronics ...

Barry Eichengreen And; Barry Eichengreen; Hui Tong; Bank Of England

2005-01-01

454

Food safety challenges--a Pakistan's perspective.  

PubMed

Biological, chemical, and physical contamination of foods is a terrifying threat for the health and economic growth in developing societies. Rampantly available literature on foodborne illnesses especially diarrhea among children exclusively depicts the intensified disease burden associated with foodborne illness in the underdeveloped economies. Prevalence of many pathogens in several foods is commonplace in Pakistan. Precise estimates for foodborne illnesses in Pakistan are hard to make because of the absence of any monitoring, surveillance, and infection control. Poor processing and storage of milk, cereal grains, and nuts are a major cause of aflatoxin contamination and mold proliferation. Numerous studies manifest a multitude of foods to be contaminated with heavy metals. Escalating population growth limits the economic potential of the individual and the state through a tendency among the traders and manufacturers to intentionally debase food commodities offered for sale to make profit at the cost of their quality and safety. Therefore, a growing trend of adulteration in foods during the recent past, particularly adulteration of milk, poses a pressing challenge for the government. This review is a concerted attempt to elucidate the prevailing food safety scenario in Pakistan. Information derived from local and related international studies will be presented to clearly depict a picture of food safety in Pakistan. It is proposed that an extensive food safety infrastructure leading to a safer supply of foods needs to be devised, designed, and implemented. PMID:24915401

Akhtar, Saeed

2015-01-01

455

Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A summary is presented of a recent BES/DOE sponsored report that addresses the basic research needs in the areas of hydrogen production, storage and use in fuel cells that would be necessary to bridge the large gap between present scientific knowledge/technological capabilities and what would be required for the practical realization of a hydrogen economy. In this report, research opportunities that might be effective in bridging this gap are identified in the areas of advanced materials (especially in nanostructured materials), catalysis, modeling and simulations, bio-inspired approaches, and interdisciplinary efforts.

Dresselhaus, Mildred

2004-03-01

456

VEEP - Vehicle Economy, Emissions, and Performance program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

VEEP is a general-purpose discrete event simulation program being developed to study the performance, fuel economy, and exhaust emissions of a vehicle modeled as a collection of its separate components. It is written in SIMSCRIPT II.5. The purpose of this paper is to present the design methodology, describe the simulation model and its components, and summarize the preliminary results. Topics include chief programmer team concepts, the SDDL design language, program portability, user-oriented design, the program's user command syntax, the simulation procedure, and model validation.

Heimburger, D. A.; Metcalfe, M. A.

1977-01-01

457

National Center on Education and the Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center on Education and the Economy (NCEE) is a nonprofit organization that promotes standards-based reform for education and training systems. Focusing on helping state and local educational systems create and implement unique standards, the NCEE believes that educational standards must be tailored to fit communities and that both students and educators must understand the value of these standards. The NCEE Website offers a variety of information about the Center as well as its programs and resources. While the site doesn't contain very many full-text resources, it does, however, give in-depth overviews of all of NCEE's products and services.

458

Health care reform and the new economy.  

PubMed

The objectives and assumptions of health care reform have changed repeatedly during the past century and may now be entering a new historical phase as a result of the "new economy" rooted in information technology. In a high-growth context, proponents of reform may no longer feel obliged to bundle expanded coverage with tighter cost containment. At the same time, the new digital environment may facilitate innovations intended to inform and expand consumer choice and to improve quality. The new environment elevates "transparency" to a guiding principle. Health informatics has long been peripheral to reform and must now become more central. PMID:11192407

Starr, P

2000-01-01

459

Aspen: A microsimulation model of the economy  

SciTech Connect

This report presents, Aspen. Sandia National Laboratories is developing this new agent-based microeconomic simulation model of the U.S. economy. The model is notable because it allows a large number of individual economic agents to be modeled at a high level of detail and with a great degree of freedom. Some features of Aspen are (a) a sophisticated message-passing system that allows individual pairs of agents to communicate, (b) the use of genetic algorithms to simulate the learning of certain agents, and (c) a detailed financial sector that includes a banking system and a bond market. Results from runs of the model are also presented.

Basu, N.; Pryor, R.J.; Quint, T.; Arnold, T.

1996-10-01

460

Novel reinforcement in a token economy system  

E-print Network

; ; SPlifeS® vgm ' , .?• V A - iSlMli mmmsm & TIX 117: Novel Reinforcement in a Token Economy System Janice A. Simpson is Demonstra t ion Teacher at the Chi ldren 's Rehabil i tat ion Uni t , Universi ty of Kansas Medical Center , Kansas City. Richard...- cedures used. The system provided an opportunity for self graphing, the earning of tokens which could be ex- changed for meaningful rewards, and the novelty of a game atmosphere in which the child was never aware of what the reward would be. With only a...

Simpson, Janice A.; Simpson, Richard L.

1975-01-01

461

TWRS safety program plan  

SciTech Connect

Management of Nuclear Safety, Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Fire Protection programs, functions, and field support resources for Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) has, until recently, been centralized in TWRS Safety, under the Emergency, Safety, and Quality organization. Industrial hygiene technician services were also provided to support operational needs related to safety basis compliance. Due to WHC decentralization of safety and reengineering efforts in West Tank Farms, staffing and safety responsibilities have been transferred to the facilities. Under the new structure, safety personnel for TWRS are assigned directly to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and a core Safety Group in TWRS Engineering. The Characterization Project Operations (CPO) safety organization will remain in tact as it currently exists. Personnel assigned to East Tank Farms, West Tank Farms, and CPO will perform facility-specific or project-specific duties and provide field implementation of programs. Those assigned to the core group will focus on activities having a TWRS-wide or programmatic focus. Hanford-wide activities will be the responsibility of the Safety Center of Expertise. In order to ensure an effective and consistent safety program for TWRS under the new organization program functions, goals, organizational structure, roles, responsibilities, and path forward must be clearly established. The purpose of the TWRS Safety Program Plan is to define the overall safety program, responsibilities, relationships, and communication linkages for safety personnel under the new structure. In addition, issues associated with reorganization transition are addressed, including training, project ownership, records management, and dissemination of equipment. For the purpose of this document ``TWRS Safety`` refers to all safety professionals and technicians (Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, Fire Protection, and Nuclear Safety) within the TWRS organization, regardless of their location in the organization.

Calderon, L.M., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-01

462

UTSI Safety Manual Reference to corresponding UT System Safety Policies  

E-print Network

Safety SA0500 Laser Safety SA0600 Reporting Safety and Health Concerns SA0700 Safety and Environmental1 UTSI Safety Manual Reference to corresponding UT System Safety Policies: www.utk.edu/administration/ Under OFFICE MANAGEMENT, link to Safety under Policies and Procedures On the left side, link

Davis, Lloyd M.

463

Reterritorialisation of economies and institutions: The rise of the Sydney basin economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an account of institutional and spatial shifts in the Sydney basin economy that coalesce around Australia's current, long period of prosperity. The paper briefly sources this prosperity, noting the key shifts towards the financial and professional services sectors that accompany it. This material is then used to make the argument that two reterritorialisation processes underpin Australia's—and Sydney's—contemporary

Phillip Oneill; Pauline McGuirk

2005-01-01

464

Construction delays in a fast-growing economy: Comparing Thailand with other economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construction delays impact the time and cost of projects. A survey of the delays experienced in highrise building construction projects in Bangkok, Thailand, was undertaken and the result compared with other studies of delays and overruns around the world to determine whether there are special problems that generate delays for construction in developing economies. Resource supply problems were by far

Vithool Jearkjirm

1996-01-01

465

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE CHINESE ECONOMY China in the World Economy: Internal Challenge and International Challenges  

E-print Network

of the Chinese economy. It has been adopted by the Central Committee of CCP in 1978. Trade and besides Foreign of People's Republic of China on Joint Ventures using Chinese and Foreign Investment" was enacted with Foreign Capital. This law and different amendments, relaxed the constraints on foreign investment

Boyer, Edmond

466

The Knowledge Economy and Innovation: Certain Uncertainty and the Risk Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge economy is a dominant force in today's world, and innovation policy and national systems of innovation are central to it. In this article, we draw on different sociological and economic theories of risk to engage critically with innovation policy and national systems of innovation. Beck's understanding of a risk society, Schumpeter's…

Bullen, Elizabeth; Fahey, Johannah; Kenway, Jane

2006-01-01

467

Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective  

E-print Network

Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective* Hadi Salehi Esfahani, University of Illinois and M. Hashem Pesaran, University of Cambridge and USC March 2008 Abstract This paper examines the economic transformation of Iran... in a global context through the Twentieth Century. At the start of that century, the Iranian economy had long remained stagnant, poor, and largely agrarian, with a marginal role in the world economy. By the turn of 21st century, Iran had transformed...

Esfahani, H S; Pesaran, M Hashem

468

A Core Equilibrium Convergence in a Public Goods Economy  

E-print Network

A core-equilibrium convergence in a public goods economy? Nizar Allouch Queen Mary University of London School of Economics and Finance n.allouch@qmul.ac.uk April 15, 2010 Abstract This paper shows a core-equilibrium convergence in a public goods... economy where consumers’ preferences display warm glow effects. We demonstrate that if each consumer becomes satiated to other con- sumers’ provision, then as the economy grows large the core shrinks to the set of Edgeworth allocations. Moreover, we show...

Allouch, N

469

A demonstration of a token economy for the real world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Token economies are rarely used in real-world psychiatric settings because of barriers to their implementation, such an institutional constraints and insufficient collegial support. The line-level treatment team at Elgin Mental Health Center was able to overcome these contraints and develop a user-friendly token economy. This article describes Elgin's simple yet effective token economy and the process used to develop it.

Randy Silverman; Patrick Corrigan; L HESS

1996-01-01

470

From Institutional Reform to Agglomeration Economies Perspectives  

E-print Network

The economic reform in China has represented a fundamental change and overhaul of her value system, law making, institutional infrastructure, and other social-economic reforms. This also represents a necessary step to lay down a solid ground for establishment of a business-friendly environment for further FDI promotion. Conventional FDI policy with fiscal and financial measures to mobilize inward foreign capital can subsequently be taken effectively. The adoption of a socialist planning economic system before 1980s has made the transitional political economy in China necessary to devote arduous efforts in earning strict confidence from foreign investors. The confirmation of economic reform and policies, updates in institutional infrastructure since 1992 attracted huge FDI inflows both in kinds and volume. The evolution process of FDI in China would well demonstrate the power of institutionalization and its steering effect toward China’s development into a market-socialist economy. This paper intends to examine such an argument via the following focuses: (1) to

Chyau Tuan; Linda F. Y. Ng; Chyau Tuan; Linda F. Y. Ng

471

How the economy affects teenage weight.  

PubMed

Much research has focused on the proximate determinants of weight gain and obesity for adolescents, but not much information has emerged on identifying which adolescents might be at risk or on prevention. This research focuses on a distal determinant of teenage weight gain, namely changes in the economy, which may help identify geographical areas where adolescents may be at risk and may provide insights into the mechanisms by which adolescents gain weight. This study uses a nationally representative sample of individuals, between 15 and 18 years old from the 1997 US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, to estimate a model with state and year fixed effects to examine how within-state changes in the unemployment rate affect four teenage weight outcomes: an age- and gender-standardized percentile in the body-mass-index distribution and indicators for being overweight, obese, and underweight. I found statistically significant estimates, indicating that females gain weight in weaker economic periods and males gain weight in stronger economic periods. Possible causes for the contrasting results across gender include, among other things, differences in the responsiveness of labor market work to the economy and differences in the types of jobs generally occupied by female and male teenagers. PMID:19364624

Arkes, Jeremy

2009-06-01

472

Safety System Design Concept and Performance Evaluation for a Long Operating Cycle Simplified Boiling Water Reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long operating cycle simplified boiling water reactor is a reactor concept that pursues both safety and the economy by employing a natural circulation reactor core without a refueling, a passive decay heat removal, and an integrated building for the reactor and turbine. Throughout the entire spectrum of the design basis accident, the reactor core is kept covered by the

Kenji Arai; Seijiro Suzuki; Mikihide Nakamaru; Hideaki Heki

2003-01-01

473

How the Simplification of Work Can Degrade Safety: A Gas Company Case Study  

E-print Network

How the Simplification of Work Can Degrade Safety: A Gas Company Case Study Hortense Blazsin money, particularly through economies of scale and employee specialization. On the other hand is to better understand the effects of the rationalisation on organizational reliability and performance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

474

Hydrogen Pipeline Safety Our goal is to establish the codes and standards necessary  

E-print Network

Hydrogen Pipeline Safety METALS Our goal is to establish the codes and standards necessary to ensure safe distribution of hydrogen fuels. The future "hydrogen economy" will depend on efficient hydrogen degradation is likely to occur. By establishing unique test facilities and standard test

475

SNTP environmental, safety, and health  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Viewgraphs on space nuclear thermal propulsion (SNTP) environmental, safety, and health are presented. Topics covered include: program safety policy; program safety policies; and DEIS public hearing comments.

Harmon, Charles D.

1993-01-01

476

Occupational Health and Safety Manual  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Manual #12;1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 York University Occupational Health and Safety Policy and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Occupational Health and Safety Legislation

477

Chemical Hygiene and Safety Plan  

E-print Network

Respirator Use • Laser Safety • Forklift Safety • Incidentallasers, microwave sources, radioactive CORROSIVE ELECTRICAL WEAR SAFETYLASER BEAM - IN BLACK LETTERS ON YELLOW FIELD, EMED CO. EA SIGN, SAFETY,

Ricks Editor, R.

2009-01-01

478

Traffic Safety Culture Center for Transportation Safety  

E-print Network

respondents believe that texting while driving (85 percent) and cell phone use (81 percent) have become bigger in Texas is 34 percent. Supporters of a law to ban cell phone use while driving outnumber opponentsThe Texas Traffic Safety Culture Survey Center for Transportation Safety November 2010

479

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety  

E-print Network

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

480

The deregulated global economy: women workers and strategies of resistance.  

PubMed

This article discusses the lack of input from women in international debates about the global economy. Women in the South are the most vulnerable to exploitation and most ignored in international discussions of how to protect fair labor standards. Restructuring has led to loss of secure jobs in the public sector and the expansion of female employment in low-paid, insecure, unskilled jobs. Businesses desire a cheap and flexible workforce. Declines in social services, the elimination of subsidies on basic goods, and the introduction of user fees puts pressure on women to supplement family income. A parallel outcome is reduced employment rights, neglect of health and safety standards, and increased disregard among women for their domestic responsibilities. There is a need for alternative models of development. The Self-Employed Women's Organization in India serves as a model for resisting exploitation among self-employed and home-based employees. Female industrial strikers are demanding attention to excessive hours of work, enforced overtime, bullying, and lack of sanitary and medical facilities. There is always fear that organized resistance will lead to industrial relocation or loss of jobs. The International Labor Organization has had a code for 20 years, but the threat of exposure to the press is sometimes more effective. There must be regulation throughout subcontracting chains of transnational companies. International alliances should revolve around issues/strategies identified by workers. International alliances are needed for influencing multinational companies and national governments and lobbying global economic and financial institutions. Standards that are included in social clause discussions are minimum requirements that do not address gender-specific issues. Women Working Worldwide is developing a position statement of social clauses that incorporates a women's perspective. PMID:12347718

Hale, A

1996-10-01

481

Hazmat Safety Community  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website created by the US Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, provides information on hazardous materials, regulations, safety advisory notices, training, as well as additional information.

US Department of Transportation (US Department of Transportation)

2012-01-05

482

Spacecraft Fire Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fire detection, fire standards and testing, fire extinguishment, inerting and atmospheres, fire-related medical science, aircraft fire safety, Space Station safety concerns, microgravity combustion, spacecraft material flammability testing, and metal combustion are among the topics considered.

Margle, Janice M. (editor)

1987-01-01

483

Gun Safety Tips  

MedlinePLUS

... You are here Home > Safety Tips > Tip > Guns Gun Safety Tips Store Guns and Ammunition Safely Store ... visit about safe gun storage practices. Dispose of Guns You Don't Need If you decide that ...

484

Aviation safety analysis  

E-print Network

Introduction: Just as the aviation system is complex and interrelated, so is aviation safety. Aviation safety involves design of aircraft and airports, training of ground personnel and flight crew members' maintenance of ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1984-01-01

485

National Safety Council  

MedlinePLUS

... Collaborating. ? making our world safer ® ? National Window Safety Week is April 5-11 NSC and the window ... educates caregivers through initiatives like National Window Safety Week. Get the Facts Be Ready for an OSHA ...

486

Safety behaviour: a reconsideration.  

PubMed

There is ample evidence that the use of safety behaviour can interfere with the progress of therapy, particularly if exposure is involved. As a result, it is widely asserted that safety behaviour is anti-therapeutic. However, an unqualified rejection of safety behaviour should be reconsidered because we now have theoretical justification, experimental evidence and clinical observations showing that the judicious use of safety behaviour, especially in the early stages of treatment, can be facilitative. Experiments in which escape behaviour facilitated fear reduction, and others in which the use of safety gear facilitated fear reduction, are reviewed. It also appears that safety behaviour does not necessarily prevent disconfirmatory experiences. We propose that additional investigations of the judicious use of safety behaviour will help to elucidate therapeutic uses of safety behaviour in the treatment of anxious and related types of psychopathology. PMID:18199423

Rachman, S; Radomsky, Adam S; Shafran, Roz

2008-02-01

487

Household Safety: Button Batteries  

MedlinePLUS

... Expect Ebola: What to Know Household Safety: Button Batteries KidsHealth > Parents > First Aid & Safety > Home Sweet Home > ... child swallows one. These guidelines can help. Safe Battery Storage & Use Store all unused batteries out of ...

488

Facility safety study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The safety of NASA's in house microelectronics facility is addressed. Industrial health standards, facility emission control requirements, operation and safety checklists, and the disposal of epitaxial vent gas are considered.

1979-01-01

489

Water safety and drowning  

MedlinePLUS

... among people of all ages. Learning and practicing water safety is important to prevent drowning accidents. ... Water safety tips for all ages include: Learn CPR. Never swim alone. Never dive into water unless ...

490

Safety Management Practices in Small and Medium Enterprises in India  

PubMed Central

Background Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are often the main pillar of an economy. Minor accidents, ergonomics problems, old and outdated machinery, and lack of awareness have created a need for implementation of safety practices in SMEs. Implementation of healthy working conditions creates positive impacts on economic and social development. Methods In this study, a questionnaire was developed and administered to 30 randomly chosen SMEs in and around Mumbai, Maharashtra, and other states in India to evaluate safety practices implemented in their facilities. The study also looked into the barriers and drivers for technology innovation and suggestions were also received from the respondent SMEs for best practices on safety issues. Results In some SMEs, risks associated with safety issues were increased whereas risks were decreased in others. Safety management practices are inadequate in most SMEs. Market competitiveness, better efficiency, less risk, and stringent laws were found to be most significant drivers; and financial constraints, lack of awareness, resistance to change, and lack of training for employees were found to be main barriers. Conclusion Competition between SMEs was found to be major reason for implementation of safety practices in the SMEs. The major contribution of the study has been awareness building on safety issues in the SMEs that participated in the project. PMID:25830070

Unnikrishnan, Seema; Iqbal, Rauf; Singh, Anju; Nimkar, Indrayani M.

2014-01-01

491

Lecture notes for criticality safety  

SciTech Connect

These lecture notes for criticality safety are prepared for the training of Department of Energy supervisory, project management, and administrative staff. Technical training and basic mathematics are assumed. The notes are designed for a two-day course, taught by two lecturers. Video tapes may be used at the options of the instructors. The notes provide all the materials that are necessary but outside reading will assist in the fullest understanding. The course begins with a nuclear physics overview. The reader is led from the macroscopic world into the microscopic world of atoms and the elementary particles that constitute atoms. The particles, their masses and sizes and properties associated with radioactive decay and fission are introduced along with Einstein`s mass-energy equivalence. Radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, radiation penetration, shielding and health-effects are discussed to understand protection in case of a criticality accident. Fission, the fission products, particles and energy released are presented to appreciate the dangers of criticality. Nuclear cross sections are introduced to understand the effectiveness of slow neutrons to produce fission. Chain reactors are presented as an economy; effective use of the neutrons from fission leads to more fission resulting in a power reactor or a criticality excursion. The six-factor formula is presented for managing the neutron budget. This leads to concepts of material and geometric buckling which are used in simple calculations to assure safety from criticality. Experimental measurements and computer code calculations of criticality are discussed. To emphasize the reality, historical criticality accidents are presented in a table with major ones discussed to provide lessons-learned. Finally, standards, NRC guides and regulations, and DOE orders relating to criticality protection are presented.

Fullwood, R.

1992-03-01

492

Generic safety documentation model  

SciTech Connect

This document is intended to be a resource for preparers of safety documentation for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico facilities. It provides standardized discussions of some topics that are generic to most, if not all, Sandia/NM facilities safety documents. The material provides a ``core`` upon which to develop facility-specific safety documentation. The use of the information in this document will reduce the cost of safety document preparation and improve consistency of information.

Mahn, J.A.

1994-04-01

493

DOE handbook electrical safety  

SciTech Connect

Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

NONE

1998-01-01

494

Electrical safety guidelines  

SciTech Connect

The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

Not Available

1993-09-01

495

Aviation Safety Issues Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The aviation safety issues database was instrumental in the refinement and substantiation of the National Aviation Safety Strategic Plan (NASSP). The issues database is a comprehensive set of issues from an extremely broad base of aviation functions, personnel, and vehicle categories, both nationally and internationally. Several aviation safety stakeholders such as the Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) have already used the database. This broader interest was the genesis to making the database publically accessible and writing this report.

Morello, Samuel A.; Ricks, Wendell R.

2009-01-01

496

Safety analysts training  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this task was to support ESH-3 in providing Airborne Release Fraction and Respirable Fraction training to safety analysts at LANL who perform accident analysis, hazard analysis, safety analysis, and/or risk assessments at nuclear facilities. The task included preparation of materials for and the conduct of two 3-day training courses covering the following topics: safety analysis process; calculation model; aerosol physic concepts for safety analysis; and overview of empirically derived airborne release fractions and respirable fractions.

Bolton, P.

2000-10-01

497

Agriscience Shop Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After completing this project, you should be able to pass the Shop Safety Test, allowing you to participate in the Agriscience Shop. Before you are allowed into the shop, you are required to pass a Shop Safety Test. The tools that follow will help you prepare for the test. Use the Shop Safety Chart that Mr. Creel gave you in class to take notes on important safety rules. OSHA is the "governmental ...

Mr. Creel

2011-11-02

498

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy  

E-print Network

Health, Safety & Wellbeing Policy Statement The University of Glasgow is one of the four oldest our very best to minimise the risk to the health, safety and wellbeing of staff, students, researchers resource and our students as our valued customers and partners. We acknowledge health and safety as a core

Mottram, Nigel

499

Annual Fire Safety Report  

E-print Network

2010 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Irvine HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current or perspective students and employees be reported INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool in protecting a campus community from injuries, deaths, business

Loudon, Catherine

500

Fire Safety January 2011  

E-print Network

1 Fire Safety PROCEDURES January 2011 firesafety@uwo.ca Campus Phones ­ EMERGENCY ­ Dial 911 Fire Safety Service is the focal point for the coordinated administration of the University Fire Safety program and plans, and is the University's representative in contacts dealing with all aspects of Fire

Lennard, William N.