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1

Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety  

SciTech Connect

The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for increasing both fuel economy and safety without compromising functionality.

Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

2007-06-11

2

Airline Safety and Economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This video documents efforts at NASA Langley Research Center to improve safety and economy in aircraft. Featured are the cockpit weather information needs computer system, which relays real time weather information to the pilot, and efforts to improve techniques to detect structural flaws and corrosion, such as the thermal bond inspection system.

1993-01-01

3

Use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy. One of the important requirements for Gen. IV High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGR) is passive safety. Currently all the HTGR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. [1] The decay heat first is transferred to core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. Similar concepts have been widely used in sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) designs, advanced light water reactors like AP1000. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area. RVACS tends to be less expensive. However, it limits the largest achievable power level for modular HTGRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface). When the relative decay heat removal capability is reduced, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annual designs with internal reflector can mitigate this effect therefore further increase the power. Another way to increase power is to increase power density. However, it is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides safety, HTGRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor designs. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of HTGRs. Forsberg [2] pointed out other disadvantages of using RVACS such as conflicting functional requirements for the reactor vessel and scaling distortion for integral effect test of the system performance. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume based passive decay removal system, call Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS has been widely used in SFR designs and in liquid salt cooled high temperature reactors. The containment cooling system in BWR is another example of volume based decay removal systems. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one in reactor side and another is in environment side. DRACS has the benefits of increasing the power as needed (scalability) and modularity. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance HTGRs passive safety and economy.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou

2011-06-01

4

Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion  

E-print Network

Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion of the highway infrastructure, which is becoming increasingly congested. These problems are the root of current these issues, it is proposed to develop a new "Smart" Cruise Control system that would incorporate

5

Enhancing VHTR passive safety and economy with thermal radiation based direct reactor auxiliary cooling system  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important requirements for Gen. IV Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is passive safety. Currently all the gas cooled version of VHTR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. The RVACS can be characterized as a surface-based decay heat removal system. It is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area to volume ratio. However, RVACS limits the maximum achievable power level for modular VHTRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to the core volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to the vessel surface area). Besides the safety considerations, VHTRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor concepts and other types of energy sources. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of VHTRs. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume-based passive decay heat removal system, called Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one on the reactor side and another on the environmental side. For the reactor side, cooling pipes will be inserted into holes made in the outer or inner graphite reflector blocks. There will be gaps or annular regions formed between these cooling pipes and their corresponding surrounding graphite surfaces. Graphite has an excellent heat conduction property. By taking advantage of this feature, we can have a volume-based method to remove decay heat. The scalability can be achieved, if needed, by employing more rows of cooling pipes to accommodate higher decay heat rates. Since heat can easily conduct through the graphite regions among the holes made for the cooling pipes, those cooling pipes located further away from the active core region can still be very effective in removing decay heat. By removing the limit on the decay heat removal capability due to the limited available surface area as in a RVACS, the reactor power density and therefore the reactor power can be significantly increased, without losing the passive heat removal feature. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance VHTR passive safety and economics. Three design options with different cooling pipe locations are discussed. Analysis results from a lumped volume based model and CFD simulations are presented. (authors)

Zhao, H.; Zhang, H.; Zou, L. [Idaho National Laboratory (United States); Sun, X. [Ohio State Univ. (United States)

2012-07-01

6

Model predictive control for adaptive cruise control with multi-objectives: comfort, fuel-economy, safety and car-following  

Microsoft Academic Search

For automated vehicles, comfortable driving will improve passengers’ satisfaction. Reducing fuel consumption brings economic\\u000a profits for car owners, decreases the impact on the environment and increases energy sustainability. In addition to comfort\\u000a and fuel-economy, automated vehicles also have the basic requirements of safety and car-following. For this purpose, an adaptive\\u000a cruise control (ACC) algorithm with multi-objectives is proposed based on

Li-hua Luo; Hong Liu; Ping Li; Hui Wang

2010-01-01

7

Enhancing VHTR Passive Safety and Economy with Thermal Radiation Based Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling System  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important requirements for Gen. IV Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is passive safety. Currently all the gas cooled version of VHTR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. The decay heat first is transferred to the core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to the reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area to volume ratio. However, RVACS limits the maximum achievable power level for modular VHTRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface area). When the relative decay heat removal capability decreases, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annular core designs with inner graphite reflector can mitigate this effect; therefore can further increase the reactor power. Another way to increase the reactor power is to increase power density. However, the reactor power is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides the safety considerations, VHTRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor concepts and other types of energy sources. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of VHTRs. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume-based passive decay heat removal system, called Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one on the reactor side and another on the environment side. For the reactor side, cooling pipes will be inserted into holes made in the outer or inner graphite reflector blocks. There will be gaps between these cooling pipes and their corresponding surrounding graphite surfaces. Graphite has an excellent heat conduction property. By taking advantage of this feature, we can have a volume-based method to remove decay heat. The scalability can be achieved, if needed, by employing more rows of cooling pipes to accommodate higher decay heat rates. Since heat can easily conduct through the graphite regions between the holes made for the cooling pipes, those cooling pipes located further away from the active core region can still be very effective in removing decay heat. By removing the limit on the decay heat removal capability due to the limited available surface area as in a RVACS, the reactor power and power density can be significantly increased, without losing the passive heat removal feature. This paper will introduce the concept of using DRACS to enhance VHTR passive safety and economics. Three design options will be discussed, depending on the cooling pipe locations. Analysis results from a lumped volume based model and CFD simulations will be presented.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou; Xiaodong Sun

2012-06-01

8

Don't break a leg: running birds from quail to ostrich prioritise leg safety and economy on uneven terrain  

PubMed Central

Cursorial ground birds are paragons of bipedal running that span a 500-fold mass range from quail to ostrich. Here we investigate the task-level control priorities of cursorial birds by analysing how they negotiate single-step obstacles that create a conflict between body stability (attenuating deviations in body motion) and consistent leg force–length dynamics (for economy and leg safety). We also test the hypothesis that control priorities shift between body stability and leg safety with increasing body size, reflecting use of active control to overcome size-related challenges. Weight-support demands lead to a shift towards straighter legs and stiffer steady gait with increasing body size, but it remains unknown whether non-steady locomotor priorities diverge with size. We found that all measured species used a consistent obstacle negotiation strategy, involving unsteady body dynamics to minimise fluctuations in leg posture and loading across multiple steps, not directly prioritising body stability. Peak leg forces remained remarkably consistent across obstacle terrain, within 0.35 body weights of level running for obstacle heights from 0.1 to 0.5 times leg length. All species used similar stance leg actuation patterns, involving asymmetric force–length trajectories and posture-dependent actuation to add or remove energy depending on landing conditions. We present a simple stance leg model that explains key features of avian bipedal locomotion, and suggests economy as a key priority on both level and uneven terrain. We suggest that running ground birds target the closely coupled priorities of economy and leg safety as the direct imperatives of control, with adequate stability achieved through appropriately tuned intrinsic dynamics. PMID:25355848

Birn-Jeffery, Aleksandra V.; Hubicki, Christian M.; Blum, Yvonne; Renjewski, Daniel; Hurst, Jonathan W.; Daley, Monica A.

2014-01-01

9

Don't break a leg: running birds from quail to ostrich prioritise leg safety and economy on uneven terrain.  

PubMed

Cursorial ground birds are paragons of bipedal running that span a 500-fold mass range from quail to ostrich. Here we investigate the task-level control priorities of cursorial birds by analysing how they negotiate single-step obstacles that create a conflict between body stability (attenuating deviations in body motion) and consistent leg force-length dynamics (for economy and leg safety). We also test the hypothesis that control priorities shift between body stability and leg safety with increasing body size, reflecting use of active control to overcome size-related challenges. Weight-support demands lead to a shift towards straighter legs and stiffer steady gait with increasing body size, but it remains unknown whether non-steady locomotor priorities diverge with size. We found that all measured species used a consistent obstacle negotiation strategy, involving unsteady body dynamics to minimise fluctuations in leg posture and loading across multiple steps, not directly prioritising body stability. Peak leg forces remained remarkably consistent across obstacle terrain, within 0.35 body weights of level running for obstacle heights from 0.1 to 0.5 times leg length. All species used similar stance leg actuation patterns, involving asymmetric force-length trajectories and posture-dependent actuation to add or remove energy depending on landing conditions. We present a simple stance leg model that explains key features of avian bipedal locomotion, and suggests economy as a key priority on both level and uneven terrain. We suggest that running ground birds target the closely coupled priorities of economy and leg safety as the direct imperatives of control, with adequate stability achieved through appropriately tuned intrinsic dynamics. PMID:25355848

Birn-Jeffery, Aleksandra V; Hubicki, Christian M; Blum, Yvonne; Renjewski, Daniel; Hurst, Jonathan W; Daley, Monica A

2014-11-01

10

Revaluing donor and recipient bodies in the globalised blood economy: Transitions in public policy on blood safety in the United Kingdom  

PubMed Central

The clinical use of blood has a long history, but its apparent stability belies the complexity of contemporary practices in this field. In this article, we explore how the production, supply and deployment of blood products are socially mediated, drawing on theoretical perspectives from recent work on ‘tissue economies’. We highlight the ways in which safety threats in the form of infections that might be transmitted through blood and plasma impact on this tissue economy and how these have led to a revaluation of donor bodies and restructuring of blood economies. Specifically, we consider these themes in relation to the management of recent threats to blood safety in the United Kingdom. We show that the tension between securing the supply of blood and its products and ensuring its safety may give rise to ethical concerns and reshape relations between donor and recipient bodies. PMID:23467898

Kent, Julie; Farrell, Anne-Maree

2014-01-01

11

Political economy of coal-mine safety and its contribution to the theory of the welfare state  

SciTech Connect

Conservative, liberal, and marxist explanations of the origins and function of social welfare benefits are identified. The conservatives see defined right benefits as error in the system, resulting from excesses of political democracy and functioning to interfere with the market, and functioning to reduce the viability of the economy. Individual action alone produces real benefit. Liberals disconnect social welfare and the economy, offering an explanation in formal electoral processes and asserting fulfillment of the humanitarian impulse as the function of welfare. Technical innovation leads to progress. This study tests these theories in a case study of the benefit of decreased death and injury derived by U.S. coal miners from 1970 to 1977. The benefit is compared in magnitude to that of miners other than coal. Results show that a considerable benefit in reduced death and injury was derived and that this benefit can best explained through a complex neo-marxist analysis of the economic and social conditions affecting coal miners then. Wildcat strikes, defying union, company and, government combined with permissive economic conditions such as, rising demand for coal, labor intensity requirements, and increased production and profitability, to make safety salient.

Williams, D.P.

1987-01-01

12

Southwest Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Dallas Federal Reserve Bank publishes Southwest Economy bimonthly; it covers "agriculture, banking, energy, high technology, manufacturing and international trade" in the Texas- New Mexico- Louisiana region.

1995-01-01

13

Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation  

SciTech Connect

This report analyzes the relationship between vehicle weight, size (wheelbase, track width, and their product, footprint), and safety, for individual vehicle makes and models. Vehicle weight and footprint are correlated with a correlation coefficient (R{sup 2}) of about 0.62. The relationship is stronger for cars (0.69) than for light trucks (0.42); light trucks include minivans, fullsize vans, truck-based SUVs, crossover SUVs, and pickup trucks. The correlation between wheelbase and track width, the components of footprint, is about 0.61 for all light vehicles, 0.62 for cars and 0.48 for light trucks. However, the footprint data used in this analysis does not vary for different versions of the same vehicle model, as curb weight does; the analysis could be improved with more precise data on footprint for different versions of the same vehicle model. Although US fatality risk to drivers (driver fatalities per million registered vehicles) decreases as vehicle footprint increases, there is very little correlation either for all light vehicles (0.01), or cars (0.07) or trucks (0.11). The correlation between footprint and fatality risks cars impose on drivers of other vehicles is also very low (0.01); for trucks the correlation is higher (0.30), with risk to others increasing as truck footprint increases. Fatality risks reported here do not account for differences in annual miles driven, driver age or gender, or crash location by vehicle type or model. It is difficult to account for these factors using data on national fatal crashes because the number of vehicles registered to, for instance, young males in urban areas is not readily available by vehicle type or model. State data on all police-reported crashes can be used to estimate casualty risks that account for miles driven, driver age and gender, and crash location. The number of vehicles involved in a crash can act as a proxy of the number of miles a given vehicle type, or model, is driven per year, and is a preferable unit of exposure to a serious crash than the number of registered vehicles. However, because there are relatively few fatalities in the states providing crash data, we calculate casualty risks, which are the sum of fatalities and serious or incapacitating injuries, per vehicle involved in a crash reported to the police. We can account for driver age/gender and driving location effects by excluding from analysis crashes (and casualties) involving young males and the elderly, and occurring in very rural or very urban counties. Using state data on all police-reported crashes in five states, we find that excluding crashes involving young male and elderly drivers has little effect on casualty risk; however, excluding crashes that occurred in the most rural and most urban counties (based on population density) increases casualty risk for all vehicle types except pickups. This suggests that risks for pickups are overstated unless they account for the population density of the county in which the crashes occur. After removing crashes involving young males and elderly drivers, and those occurring in the most rural and most urban counties, we find that casualty risk in all light-duty vehicles tends to increase with increasing weight or footprint; however, the correlation (R{sup 2}) between casualty risk and vehicle weight is 0.31, while the correlation with footprint is 0.23. These relationships are stronger for cars than for light trucks. The correlation between casualty risk in frontal crashes and light-duty vehicle wheelbase is 0.12, while the correlation between casualty risk in left side crashes and track width is 0.36. We calculated separately the casualty risks vehicles impose on drivers of the other vehicles with which they crash. The correlation between casualty risk imposed by light trucks on drivers of other vehicles and light truck footprint is 0.15, while the correlation with light truck footprint is 0.33; risk imposed on others increases as light truck weight or footprint increases. Our analysis indicates that, after excluding crashes involving young m

Wenzel, Thomas P.

2010-03-02

14

Divorce Economy  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: Is divorce good for the economy? Some market analysts in South Korea would answer with a resounding "geu rum yo!" That's "Yes!" in Korean. Korea's rapidly rising divorce rate seems to have softened the stigma attached...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2006-08-09

15

Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

Education in Science, 1996

1996-01-01

16

Virtual Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched February 26, 1999, Virtual Economy (VE) is an Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), Biz/ed, and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC-UK) learning tool based on the UK governmental model for economic forecasting and planning. This elaborate site contains a "floor plan" for constructing a functional budget and is complete with teacher and student guides, case studies, and model details.

1999-01-01

17

Overall Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economy's need for workers originates in the demand for the goods and services that these workers provide. So, to project employment, BLS starts by estimating the components of gross domestic product (GDP) for 2020. GDP is the value of the final goods produced and services provided in the United States. Then, BLS estimates the size--in…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

2012-01-01

18

Overall Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economy's need for workers originates in the demand for the goods and services that they provide. So, to project employment, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) starts by projecting the gross domestic product (GDP) for 2018. GDP is the value of the final goods produced and services provided in the United States. Then, BLS estimates the…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

2010-01-01

19

Global Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module from the Association of American Geographer's Center for Global Geography Education looks into the geographic characteristics of the global economy and the processes linking economic activities at local, regional, and global scales. Four case studies are included in the learning unit, each focusing on a different region (New Zealand, Chile, Central and South America, East/Southeast Asia).

2011-01-21

20

Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 48 minute radio broadcast discusses how a switch between using fossil fuels - oil, coal, natural gas - with cleaner burning hydrogen might occur, thereby lowering production of the greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) and stopping global warming. The show also considers a report published in the journal, Science, that says no new technology is needed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is discussion about what national policies could make a hydrogen economy a reality; which renewable energy technologies should be developed and invested in; how hydrogen will be generated and stored; and how best to build the infrastructure needed for a sustainable energy future.

21

Diversified Business Groups in Emerging Economies Emerging Economies Emerging Economies Emerging Economies Emerging Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Abstract Abstract Abstract Diversified business groups dominate the organizational landscape of many emerging and transition economies. Are these diversified groups good or bad for these economies? How can we explain their emergence and persistence? Why are they so visible and dominant in developing countries but not in devel- oped ones? How should regulatory authorities view them? In this paper

MAITREESH GHATAK; RAJA KALI

22

California's Green Economy  

E-print Network

California's Green Economy California Green Workforce Coalition July 9, 2010 Bonnie Graybill Employment Development Department Labor Market Information Division #12;Understanding the Green Economy What's green economy Demand leads to pressure for additional supply of products and services Survey covers

23

Antimatter Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Antimatter Economy will bring every country into the 21st century without destroying our environment and turn the Star Trek dream into reality by using antimatter from comets. At the April 2002 joint meeting of the American Physical Society and American Astronomical Society, I announced that comets were composed of antimatter, there were 109 antimatter elements, and the Periodic Table of Elements had been updated to include the antimatter elements. When matter and antimatter come together, energy is produce according to Einstein's equation of mass times the speed of light squared or E = mc2. Antimatter energy creates incredible opportunities for humanity. People in spacecraft will travel to the moon in hours, planets in days, and stars in weeks. Antimatter power will replace fossil plants and produce hydrogen from off-peak electrical power. Hydrogen will supplant gas in cars, trucks, and other vehicles. The billions of ton of coal, billions of barrels of oil, and trillions of cubic feet of natural gas will be used to make trillions of dollars of products to bring countries into the 21st century. Within this millennium, the Worlds Gross National Product will increase from 30 trillion to 3,000 trillion plus 1,500 trillion from space commercialization bringing the Total Gross National Product to 4,500 trillion. Millions of businesses and billions of jobs will be created. However, the real benefits will come from taking billions of people out of poverty and empowering them to pursue their dreams of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. Please visit www.AntimatterEnergy.com.

Hansen, Norm

2004-05-01

24

The Learning Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern economies can be characterised as ‘learning economies’ in which knowledge is the crucial resource and learning is the most important process. Different kinds of learning and economically relevant types of knowledge can likewise be identified. It is argued that pure market economies, if such existed, would have severe problems in terms of learning and innovation. The ‘learning economy’ is

Bengt-äke Lundvall; Björn Johnson

1994-01-01

25

Ecology or Economy  

E-print Network

Broadcast Transcript: File this under "Statistics to the Rescue". Economy or ecology? Ecology or economy? Tough choice. Especially for China which is barreling recklessly ahead in its quest to become top consumer nation. A recent release from...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-07-18

26

Carbohydrate Economy Clearinghouse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A creation of the Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR), the Carbohydrate Economy Clearinghouse (CEC) provides up-to-date information on "all facets of the plant matter-based industrial economy" from paints and inks to fuels and construction materials made from plants. In addition to the latest "new materials economy" news, the CEC site hosts a directory of carbohydrate economy companies as well as ILSR reports on plant matter-based products and technologies (in English, French, and Spanish).

27

Nonstandard Exchange Economies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Edgeworth's conjecture that as the number of traders in an exchange economy increases the core approaches that set of competitive equilibria has been formalized both as a theorem about a sequence of finite economies, and as a theorem about an economy havi...

D. J. Brown, A. Robinson

1971-01-01

28

Predicting Individual Fuel Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the

Zhenhong Lin; David L Greene

2011-01-01

29

E-conomy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint effort of the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE), the College of Engineering, the Haas School of Business, and the School of Information Management and Systems (SIMS), E-conomy Project creates "an intellectual resource to focus on the profound transformation being wrought by new digital technologies." Along with describing the focuses of the project, this Website also includes course descriptions and syllabi, news articles on the E-conomy Project, and papers and presentations from the E-conomy Project-sponsored conference, The Digital Economy in International Perspective: Common Construction or Regional Rivalry.

30

Protecting the Poor in Vietnam's Emerging Market Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

September 1998The very principles on which Vietnam's highly decentralized, community-based assistance and safety net system is built are threatened by the country's emerging market economy. Increasing household mobility, without which the market system cannot function, especially dictates a rethinking of the foundation of Vietnam's community-based safety net.Under Vietnam's former command economy, lack of household mobility ensured close community and family

Dominique van de Walle

1999-01-01

31

New Economy Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New Economy Index is a series of indicators that are "gathered from existing public and private data, to illustrate fundamental structural changes in the US economy, to show what those changes mean in the lives of working Americans, and to measure the nation's progress in several key foundation areas for future economic growth." The data in this excellent resource are divided into three sections. What's New About the New Economy includes thirteen indications that show the uniqueness and structure of the new technology-based and innovation-based economy. The second section considers the ways in which the New Economy will affect the lives of American workers. Finally, the third section, Foundations for Future Growth, projects the future growth of technology in the US. The site also includes information about the data sources, endnotes, and several side articles. Although the New Economy Index was created in 1998, the information is still valid and useful.

32

Growing a market economy  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a microsimulation model of a transition economy. Transition is defined as the process of moving from a state-enterprise economy to a market economy. The emphasis is on growing a market economy starting from basic microprinciples. The model described in this report extends and modifies the capabilities of Aspen, a new agent-based model that is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories on a massively parallel Paragon computer. Aspen is significantly different from traditional models of the economy. Aspen`s emphasis on disequilibrium growth paths, its analysis based on evolution and emergent behavior rather than on a mechanistic view of society, and its use of learning algorithms to simulate the behavior of some agents rather than an assumption of perfect rationality make this model well-suited for analyzing economic variables of interest from transition economies. Preliminary results from several runs of the model are included.

Basu, N.; Pryor, R.J.

1997-09-01

33

Emerging Digital Economy II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An update of the 1998 US Department of Commerce document Emerging Digital Economy (reviewed in the April 17, 1998 Scout Report), the second volume of this annual report shows that, although ecommerce remains less than one percent of the retail share of the economy, it continues to grow, "outpacing last year's most optimistic projections." New chapters and analyses include "Contribution of Information Technology to Gross Product Originating Per Worker" and "Labor Markets in the Digital Economy."

Buckley, Patricia.; Cooke, Sandra.; Dumagan, Jess.; Gill, Gurmukh.; Henry, David.; Pastore, Dennis.

34

Economies of scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working in groups of three, students analyze economies of scale. Each student constructs an individual short-run ATC curve, then the three students collaborate to determine if there are economies or diseconomies of scale and to create the long run ATC.

Maier, Mark

35

Predicting Individual Fuel Economy  

SciTech Connect

To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the EPA's 1984 and 2008 estimates based on their prediction bias and accuracy and attempts to improve the prediction of on-road fuel economies based on consumer and vehicle attributes. We examine the usefulness of the EPA fuel economy estimates using a large sample of self-reported on-road fuel economy data and develop an Individualized Model for more accurately predicting an individual driver's on-road fuel economy based on easily determined vehicle and driver attributes. Accuracy rather than bias appears to have limited the usefulness of the EPA 1984 estimates in predicting on-road MPG. The EPA 2008 estimates appear to be equally inaccurate and substantially more biased relative to the self-reported data. Furthermore, the 2008 estimates exhibit an underestimation bias that increases with increasing fuel economy, suggesting that the new numbers will tend to underestimate the real-world benefits of fuel economy and emissions standards. By including several simple driver and vehicle attributes, the Individualized Model reduces the unexplained variance by over 55% and the standard error by 33% based on an independent test sample. The additional explanatory variables can be easily provided by the individuals.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2011-01-01

36

Canadian Economy Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's a bird, it's a plane, no, it's Captain Economy! That's right, at this very comprehensive site devoted to Canada's economy, visitors can ask the little green guy with the cape and dollar sign on his chest for help. In fact, his first feat is to address just what an economy is anyway. The site offers all sorts of statistics about all of the great economic indicators like inflation rate, unemployment rate, exchange rate, etc. Visitors to the site can click on one of the subpages devoted to explaining economic topics such as Key Indicators, Economic Concepts, and Key Economic Events.

37

Nuclear Energy in Asia: Safety Post-Fukushima  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ensuring nuclear safety has been an ongoing and significant concern worldwide. Although the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident has undermined public confidence in its safety, many of Asia's emerging economies still have plans to introduce nuclear energy. This paper analyzes the possible development of nuclear energy in Asia's emerging economies and considers the implications for nuclear safety. The analysis

Takako Kimura

2012-01-01

38

Fire Safety Fire Safety  

E-print Network

Fire Safety Guidelines Fire Safety Guidelines Department of Environmental Health and Safety 2809;#12;3 The mission of Environmental Health and Safety's (EH&S) fire safety program is to provide a proactive fire, staff and visitors. This mis- sion is addressed through a comprehensive effort of fire safety education

Lin, Zhiqun

39

Fueling the Green Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Obama administration, along with many others, has placed a high priority on accelerating the nation's transition to a cleaner, greener economy. Transforming the nation's economic, energy, and environmental systems to become more sustainable will require a level of expertise, innovation, and cooperation unseen since the 1940s war effort. Public…

Elder, James

2009-01-01

40

Education, economy, and equality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This commentary undertakes a restricted analysis of the Reimer paper by focusing upon possible relations between education and the economy and the problem of equality of opportunity in the developing areas. It suggests that his interpretation of current trends is hardly adequate. Existing data would indicate that formal schooling can make a substantial contribution to development and the economic benefits

Philip Foster

1971-01-01

41

The Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from Jeremy Rifkin looks into the "hydrogen economy"- that is, the potential for hydrogen to fuel our future. In addition to discussing the particulars of fuel cells and other technology, the article touches on important topics like reliance on foreign oil. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Rifkin, Jeremy; Sullivan, Jem

2012-01-06

42

New Cultures and Economies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Don Slater, Department of Sociology, University of London, shares interdisciplinary research in economic sociology at the New Cultures and Economies site. Readers may download extensive bibliographies on consumer culture and market society topics in Word97 or .zip formats or browse course pages online, and the Sociology of the Internet section, now in progress, aims to create dialogues among scholars of electronic media.

43

Economy of Command  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation proposes a principle of "economy of command", arguing that it provides a simple and natural explanation for some well-known properties of human language syntax. The focus is on the abstract combinatorial system that constructs the hierarchical structure of linguistic expressions, with long-distance dependencies…

Medeiros, David Peter

2012-01-01

44

Gallup Interactives: Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This tool allows the user to see the results of Gallup data on the U. S. economy in a table form by Weekly, Monthly, and Quarterly averages. Some of the indicators are economic outlook, economic conditions, and payroll to population employment. 

Gallup

45

Education and the Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between education and the United States (U.S.) economy was explored to identify research needed to inform employment policy in the future. Special attention was paid to the following topics: the state of education in the U.S.; key problems in grades K-12 that must be addressed; student achievement; inequity; costs of special…

Hollenbeck, Kevin M.

2001-01-01

46

Challenges of Global Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

One way to analyze the phenomenon of development in the era of globalization is through an approach involving interaction of the economic and the political system. The global economy has altered economic structures and social policies at the level of the nation-state, because the latter limits and impedes the processes of generation and capital accumulation. The purpose of this document

Jose G. VARGAS-HERNANDEZ; Mohammad Reza NORUZI

2010-01-01

47

Alaska's Economy: What's Ahead?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review describes Alaska's economic boom of the early 1980s, the current recession, and economic projections for the 1990s. Alaska's economy is largely influenced by oil prices, since petroleum revenues make up 80% of the state government's unrestricted general fund revenues. Expansive state spending was responsible for most of Alaska's…

Alaska Review of Social and Economic Conditions, 1987

1987-01-01

48

The College Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the United States grinds its way through a halting economic recovery, one thing has become abundantly clear: The recession of 2007 continues to reshape the economy in significant and permanent ways. Perhaps the most profound change is the accelerating disappearance of good-paying jobs that require only a high-school education or less. That…

Carnevale, Anthony P.

2012-01-01

49

New economy, same inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The convergence between technology, political action and economics is one of the core issues within globalization and one of its leading tensions. The equation behind the new globalizing technology is simple enough: The Internet and the technology that drives it (the applications, hardware and intellectual property) have rendered the national economies that have developed specialization more profitable. Old school economists

Luigi Zarro

50

ROAD TO HYDROGEN ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrogen economy comprises the production of molecular hydrogen using coal, natural gas, nuclear energy, or renewable energy (e.g., biomass, wind, solar); the transport and storage of hydrogen in some fashion; and the end use of hydrogen in fuel cells, which combine oxygen with the hydrogen to produce electricity (and some heat), in internal combustion engines, or feedstock in the industry.

Tomasz Wiltowski; Kanchan Mondal; Max Yen

2006-01-01

51

Ecosystems, externalities, and economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper incorporates an ecosystem model into a model of a simple economy. The decisionmaking agents in the ecosystem are individual organisms aggregated to the species level. A species may provide utility directly to humans, or it may provide utility indirectly because it is used either as a raw material in goods fabrication or as sustenance for other species. We

Thomas D. Crocker; John Tschirhart

1992-01-01

52

Visualize Economy Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module from the GeoTech Center provides a link to a zip file including a number of documents on the economy and recession. Students will learn key economic terms, compare unemployment rates and use maps to analyze the data provided. Detailed lesson plans are provided as a part of the zip file.

2013-06-18

53

Laboratory Ventilation and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the needs of both safety and economy, laboratory ventilation systems must effectively remove air-borne toxic and flammable materials and at the same time exhaust a minimum volume of air. Laboratory hoods are the most commonly used means of removing gases, dusts, mists, vapors, and fumed from laboratory operations. To be effective,…

Steere, Norman V.

1965-01-01

54

Florida's Ocean and Coastal Economies Report  

E-print Network

Phase I Florida's Ocean and Coastal Economies Report Professor Judith Kildow, Principal .......................................................................................... 7 2.1 Ocean Economy 3 Ocean Economy

55

Architecture of a prediction economy  

E-print Network

A design and implementation of a Prediction Economy is presented and compared to alternative designs. A Prediction Economy is composed of prediction markets, market managers, information brokers and automated trading agents. ...

Carver, Jason W

2008-01-01

56

Factors affecting running economy.  

PubMed

Running economy, defined as the steady-state VO2 for a given running velocity, has been shown to account for a large and significant proportion of variation in distance-running performance among runners roughly comparable in VO2 max. Despite this recognition, relatively little is known regarding the potpourri of physiological, environmental, structural and mechanical factors potentially associated with a lower aerobic demand of running. Early attempts at quantifying the energy expenditure of exhaustive runs incorporated measurements of oxygen consumption before, during, and after exercise. The validity of this approach has been questioned, however, since recent evidence has demonstrated that only a moderate relationship exists between postexercise VO2 and anaerobic metabolism. The energy demands for submaximal running (i.e. running economy) can be quantified by calculating the steady-state VO2, expressed with respect to body mass and time, for a standardised, submaximal running speed. Since this variable represents the aerobic demand of running, the generation of energy must derive wholly from cell respiration and not from substantial protein catabolism. Research has indicated that at low to moderate work rates, the steady-state energy condition is attained in about 3 minutes. Trained individuals reach steady-state sooner than unfit subjects. While limited by methodological constraints, the existence of a steady-state has also been verified by the lack of blood lactate accumulation and the presence of a respiratory exchange ratio of less than 1.00. The ability of economy, either singly or in combination with VO2 max, to account for a substantial portion of performance variation among trained distance runners and untrained subjects of comparable ability and fitness level has been demonstrated in recent cross-sectional studies. Limited data from short and long term longitudinal research also suggests that endurance running success is linked to training and growth-related improvements in economy. Intraindividual variation in economy has been shown to vary between 2% and 11% for a given speed. Most of this variation can probably be attributed to biological error. While the majority of evidence does not support a gender difference in running economy, data from some studies suggest that males may be more economical than women. Prepubescent children are less economical than older children and adults, whereas older adults exhibit the same trend when compared to younger counterparts. Because of air and wind resistance, the aerobic demands of indoor treadmill running significantly underestimate the cost of overground running, especially at higher speeds.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:2662320

Morgan, D W; Martin, P E; Krahenbuhl, G S

1989-05-01

57

Knowledge Economy and Research Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "knowledge economy" has been received with considerable scepticism by scholars within the fields of political economy, social and political philosophy, and higher education. Key arguments within this literature are reviewed in this article to suggest that, despite policy claims, "knowledge economy" does not describe a "new" mode of economic…

Bastalich, Wendy

2010-01-01

58

Instructions for use Second Economy  

E-print Network

Instructions for use #12;- 123 - No. 582011 1969­1988 * 1969­1988 Second Economy 1 Gregory Grossman 2 4 4 4 4 3 07-712 2 1 Horst Brezinski, "The Second Economies­33; Michael Alexeev, "Russian Underground Economy in Transition," in Owen Lippert and Michael Walker, eds

Tachizawa, Kazuya

59

The Mimetic Turn of Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instead of speaking about a linguistic turn in the economy and production in the so called Post-Fordist society, information society or knowledge economy, we should frontally talk about the mimetic turn of economy and organizing in general. Mimesis is a Greek word for imitation. It is well known that Plato chased out art from the ideal republic because of its

Jussi Vähämäki

60

Emergent Behavior in Information Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the dynamic behavior of information economies: verylarge open economies of automated information agents that will exist onthe Internet. Such large interacting systems are likely to exhibit emergentphenomena not straightforward to anticipate. We model a simpleinformation economy that revolves around economically-aware newsfilteringbrokers to whom consumers choose to subscribe. Our analysesand simulations reveal interesting emergent phenomena. One negativephenomenon we observe...

Jeffrey O. Kephart; James E. Hanson; Deffrey O. Levine; Benjamin N. Grosof; Jakka Sairamesh; Richard Segal; Steve R. White

1998-01-01

61

Oscillations in rational economies.  

PubMed

Economic (business) cycles are some of the most noted features of market economies, also ranked among the most serious of economic problems. Despite long historical persistence, the nature and the origin of business cycles remain controversial. In this paper we investigate the problem of the nature of business cycles from the positions of the market systems viewed as complex systems of many interacting market agents. We show that the development of cyclic instabilities in these settings can be traced down to just two fundamental factors - the competition of market agents for market shares in the settings of an open market, and the depression of market caused by accumulation of durable overproduced commodities on the market. These findings present the problem of business cycles in a new light as a systemic property of efficient market systems emerging directly from the free market competition itself, and existing in market economies at a very fundamental level. PMID:24505319

Mishchenko, Yuriy

2014-01-01

62

Japanese Economy Rallies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Tuesday, March 20, 2001, Tokyo share prices rallied due to rumors that the Bank of Japan may try to boost the economy by buying stocks. By Wednesday morning, the Nikkei 225 index surged 7.5 percent after the Japanese yen had hit a 22-month low of 123.5 yen per dollar earlier this week. The national banks have been saddled with massive debts, estimated at 64 trillion yen or $521 billion and have been researching ways to revive their economy. According to Japanese economic ministers, the Japanese government will have a plan for dealing with the national banks' debt within the next six months. The Japanese government's new plan of investing into its banking system worries some US government officials who fear that the falling price of the yen will make Japanese imports cheaper and, therefore, more competitive with products made in the US.

Missner, Emily D.

63

Economie agro-alimentaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

[eng] The economics of agri-business - The last number of Economie Rurale raises certain questions concerning the economics of agri-business and its methods. . This new, developing subject differs from farm economics more particularly in its field of study. It considers all the functional and socio-economic sub-sectors that contribute to the satisfaction of nutritional needs in a given society. It

Louis Malassis

1977-01-01

64

The Information Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information Economy, maintained by Professor Hal R. Varian, Dean of the School of Information Management and Systems at the University of California, Berkeley, includes online information about "the Economics of the Internet, Information Goods, Intellectual Property and Related Issues." This directory includes a vast number of Websites dealing with topics including electronic publishing; intellectual property; network economics; and security, encryption, and privacy. Each section of the directory is divided into subtopics and includes succinct annotations and reviews of the sites.

2007-06-11

65

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2012-01-01

66

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2010-01-01

67

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2013-01-01

68

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2014-01-01

69

16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

2011-01-01

70

The knowledge economy of Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For regional development specialists and those concerned with local economies, the world of the so-called knowledge economy is tremendously important. Specifically, the knowledge economy is meant to be those segments of the economy that include financial and business services, health care, and education. In Europe, the subject is debated a great deal, and this latest 23-page report by The Work Foundation will no doubt add to that ongoing debate. In their report examining the knowledge economy in Europe (and its recent growth) they note that while the Continent continues to experience some growth in this sector of the economy, future growth may be hindered by a lack of significant investment in its knowledge base. The report also includes an extended definition of this notion of a knowledge economy for those who remain puzzled.

Brinkley, Ian; Lee, Neil

2006-01-01

71

The real new economy.  

PubMed

During the soar-and-swoon days of the late 1990s, many people believed that information technology, and the Internet in particular, were "changing everything" in business. A fundamental change did happen in the 1990s, but it was less about technology than about competition. Under director Diana Farrell, the McKinsey Global Institute has conducted an extensive study of productivity and its connection to corporate IT spending and use during that period. The study revealed that information technology is important--but not central--to the fate of industries and individual companies. So if information technology was not the primary factor in the productivity surge, what was? The study points to competition and innovation. In those industries that saw increases in competitive intensity, managers were forced to innovate aggressively to protect their revenues and profits. Those innovations--in products, business practices, and technology--led to the gains in productivity. In fact, a critical dynamic of the new economy--the real new economy--is the virtuous cycle of competition, innovation, and productivity growth. Managers can innovate in many ways, but during the 1990s, information technology was a particularly powerful tool, for three reasons: First, IT enabled the development of attractive new products and efficient new business processes. Second, it facilitated the rapid industrywide diffusion of innovations. And third, it exhibited strong scale economies--its benefits multiplied rapidly as its use expanded. This article reveals surprising data on how various industries in the United States and Europe were affected by competition, innovation, and information technology in the 1990s and offers insights about how managers can get more from their IT investments. PMID:14521102

Farrell, Diana

2003-10-01

72

Secondary resources and recycling in developing economies.  

PubMed

Recycling of metals extends the efficient use of minerals and metals, reduces pressure on environment and results in major energy savings in comparison to primary production. In developing economies recycling had been an integral part of industrial activity and has become a major concern due to the handling of potentially hazardous material without any regard to the occupational health and safety (OH&S) needs. With rising awareness and interest from policy makers, the recycling scenario is changing and the large scale enterprises are entering the recycling sector. There is widespread expectation that these enterprises would use the Best Available Technologies (BAT) leading to better environment management and enhanced resource recovery. The major challenge is to enhance and integrate the activities of other stakeholders in the value chain to make recycling an economically viable and profitable enterprise. This paper is an attempt to propose a sustainable model for recycling in the developing economies through integration of the informal and formal sectors. The main objective is to augment the existing practices using a scientific approach and providing better technology without causing an economic imbalance to the present practices. In this paper studies on lead acid batteries and e-waste recycling in India are presented to evolve a model for "green economy". PMID:23768896

Raghupathy, Lakshmi; Chaturvedi, Ashish

2013-09-01

73

Nuclear safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics dealing with nuclear safety are addressed which include the following: general safety requirements; safety design requirements; terrestrial safety; SP-100 Flight System key safety requirements; potential mission accidents and hazards; key safety features; ground operations; launch operations; flight operations; disposal; safety concerns; licensing; the nuclear engine for rocket vehicle application (NERVA) design philosophy; the NERVA flight safety program; and the NERVA safety plan.

Buden, D.

1991-01-01

74

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Shoes  

E-print Network

NOT 1 Shoes, safety (men's high top) A-A-1890 NOT 1 Shoes, electrical hazard protective (men's safety) A, electrical hazard productive men's safety Links: Occupational Safety and Health Administration wwwSafety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Shoes and Boots Safety Tip #21 Don't let your day

Minnesota, University of

75

Macroeconomics in an open economy.  

PubMed

The customary treatment of national economies as closed and self-contained must be substantially modified to allow for those economies that typically trade goods, services, and securities with other countries in increasing volume. Open economy macroeconomics is essential to understanding the major events of the U.S. economy over the past half dozen years. Both the sharp rise in the dollar and the unprecedentedly large U.S. trade deficit are linked to the U.S. budget deficit, as is the drop in the rate of inflation. PMID:17756868

Cooper, R N

1986-09-12

76

[Economy class syndrome].  

PubMed

Economy class syndrome is venous thromboembolism following air travel. This syndrome was firstly reported in 1946, and many cases have been reported since 1990s. Low air pressure and low humidity in the aircraft cabin may contribute to the mechanism of this syndrome. Risk factors for venous thrombosis in the plane were old age, small height, obesity, hormonal therapy, malignancy, smoking, pregnancy or recent parturition, recent trauma or operation, chronic disease and history of venous thrombosis. In Japan, the feminine gender is also risk factor though reason was not well known. For prophylaxis, adequate fluid intake and leg exercise are recommended to all passengers. For passengers with high risk, prophylactic measures such as compression stockings, aspirin or low molecular weight heparin should be considered. PMID:14577308

Morio, Hiroshi

2003-10-01

77

Relative Economy of Different Methods of Airplane Construction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comparison of the relative economy of airplane construction shows that monoplanes are cheaper than biplanes; that all-metal construction is much more expensive than mixed construction; that multi-engine airplanes are more expensive than single-engine types of the same carrying capacity and speed;that the cost of airplanes is materially reduced by increasing their size without increasing the number of engines. The greatest economy usually coincides with the best aerodynamic and static conditions and the cost is always increased by safety requirements.

Herrmann, H

1931-01-01

78

RESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY  

E-print Network

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT and MISSION CONTINUITY FIRE PREVENTION and LIFE SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY TRAINING Manager (951) 827-2964 beiwei.tu@ucr.edu (vacant) Emergency Management Specialist (951) 827-2609 Xavier

79

Safety: Amc Safety Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual, in its several sections, sets forth established Ordnance Corps safety rules and regulations. Information concerning the hazards of explosives and ammunition is also included. The safety rules and regulations set forth in this manual prescribe...

1964-01-01

80

Education: new economy, new challenges?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The boom in online products and services is radically changing many aspects of both the economy and everyday life, and will increasingly affect individuals’ learning needs. This article examines how education systems see their role in the “new economy”, and the means by which they can prepare students for the new tasks, challenges and opportunities they will encounter, while still

Patrick Love

2000-01-01

81

The Scottish Political Economy Tradition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political economy is attracting renewed interest, given the crisis in orthodox economics. This artic le focuses on the Scottish tradition in political economy, which took its character from the style of reasoning engendered by the Enlighte nment, and the issues, moral and practical, to which that reasoning w as addressed. It is style of reasoning and method of enquiry which

Sheila C. Dow

1987-01-01

82

Can Education Save the Economy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent global economic downturn is causing U.S. workers and employers to look to the educational system for skills that will allow them to thrive when the economy recovers. Education alone cannot save the economy. Much larger forces are at work, such as international equity and debt markets, the banking crisis, and the deflation of consumer …

Van Noy, Michelle; Zeidenberg, Matthew

2009-01-01

83

BA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the  

E-print Network

BA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the political, philosophical and social underpinnings of modern economies,andwhomayfeeluncomfortablewiththehighly mathematical to International Relations; Introduction to Political Economy; Problems of World History/End of Empire

Miall, Chris

84

Internet Economy Indicators: January 2001 Internet Economy Indicators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Internet Economy Indicators published in January the third of its biannual reports on the state of the Internet economy (for information on the June 2000 report, see the September 7, 2000 Scout Report for Business & Economics). The latest report finds that "the addition of 612,375 jobs in the Internet Economy in the first six months of 2000 was nearly as much as all of 1999 (when 650,000 jobs were added)." These data apparently belie more dire recent predictions concerning the state of the Internet economy. The report offers data and analysis of employment, revenues, types of jobs, comparison of Internet employment growth to the rest of the economy, comparison of Internet employment growth to revenue growth, and more. Funded by Cisco systems, the report was conducted by the University of Texas. Questions about the influence of corporate sponsors aside, the information here serves as a counterbalance to concerns about dot.com crashes (the report points out that dot.coms make up less than ten percent of the Internet's economy). The full report is offered in .pdf format with an executive summary, key findings, an overview, and selected data also posted on-site in HTML. The site also features an extensive report entitled Dot Coms and Productivity in the Internet Economy as well as an archive of previous biannual reports.

2001-01-01

85

Workforce Development in the Global Economy  

E-print Network

Workforce Development in the Global Economy: LINKING SKILLS AND CAPABILITIES Phil Psilos & Competitiveness Duke University INTRODUCTION NOVEMBER 2011 #12;Workforce Development in the Global Economy competitiveness, and innovation in the knowledge economy. Duke CGGC works with a network of researchers

Richardson, David

86

The California Economy: Singing the Housing Blues  

E-print Network

seen  some  solid  trends  in  the  business  economy.  for  the  business  (non­housing)  economy  is  decent.  business  climate  and  various  so­called  “job­killer”  problems  such  as  workers’  comp  costs, the state’s economy 

Thornberg, Christopher

2007-01-01

87

The Performance Economy: Business Models for the Functional Service Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial economy creates wealth through the optimization of production processes and related material flows up to the\\u000a point of sale; more growth means a higher resource throughput; a decoupling of growth and resource consumption is not possible.\\u000a The shift to a more sustainable economy, to create wealth with substantially reduced flows of materials and energy, needs\\u000a new business models.

Walter R. Stahel

88

Oregon Agriculture and the Economy  

E-print Network

Oregon Agriculture and the Economy: An Update Oregon State University Extension Service Rural Analyst Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Oregon State University #12;Contents ...........................................................................................................................................12 Agricultural Support Services, Wholesale Trade, Transportation and Warehousing, Retail Trade

Tullos, Desiree

89

Is There a New Economy?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 21-page paper from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is the first of a series of reports on the OECD Growth Project. The report considers whether or not there really is a New Economy, one that is based on technological developments. Along with looking at actual growth factors in the United States, the country most affected by this New Economy, "Is There a New Economy?" also considers the importance of open, competitive markets, financial systems, and the right framework for entrepreneurship. The report concludes by explaining the shift in focus for the second year of the OECD Growth Project. Rather than concentrating on fact-finding, the Project will begin to study policies that could effect the New Economy.

90

Essays in open economy macroeconomics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of two essays on open economy macroeconomics. The first essay is on imperfect asset substitutability and current account dynamics. It is divided into four chapters. The first chapter in this ...

Ghosh, Indradeep, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

91

The Methanol Economy Project  

SciTech Connect

The Methanol Economy Project is based on the concept of replacing fossil fuels with methanol generated either from renewable resources or abundant natural (shale) gas. The full methanol cycle was investigated in this project, from production of methanol through bromination of methane, bireforming of methane to syngas, CO{sub 2} capture using supported amines, co-electrolysis of CO{sub 2} and water to formate and syngas, decomposition of formate to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}, and use of formic acid in a direct formic acid fuel cell. Each of these projects achieved milestones and provided new insights into their respective fields. ? Direct electrophilic bromination of methane to methyl bromide followed by hydrolysis to yield methanol was investigated on a wide variety of catalyst systems, but hydrolysis proved impractical for large-scale industrial application. ? Bireforming the correct ratio of methane, CO{sub 2}, and water on a NiO / MgO catalyst yielded the right proportion of H{sub 2}:CO (2:1) and proved to be stable for at least 250 hours of operation at 400 psi (28 atm). ? CO{sub 2} capture utilizing supported polyethyleneimines yielded a system capable of adsorbing CO{sub 2} from the air and release at nominal temperatures with negligible amine leaching. ? CO{sub 2} electrolysis to formate and syngas showed considerable increases in rate and selectivity by performing the reaction in a high pressure flow electrolyzer. ? Formic acid was shown to decompose selectively to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} using either Ru or Ir based homogeneous catalysts. ? Direct formic acid fuel cells were also investigated and showed higher than 40% voltage efficiency using reduced loadings of precious metals. A technoeconomic analysis was conducted to assess the viability of taking each of these processes to the industrial scale by applying the data gathered during the experiments to approximations based on currently used industrial processes. Several of these processes show significant promise for industrial scale up and use towards improving our nation’s energy independence.

Olah, George; Prakash, G.K.

2013-12-31

92

Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy  

E-print Network

23 Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy Jérôme Blanc* and Denis Colongo** T he European economy(1) . The central theme of the conference was the contributions of cooperatives to a plural economy and solidarity economy and elsewhere, and some of them draw on Karl Polanyi's conceptual framework (a key

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

The New Economy: Reality and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the new economy (alias the knowledge-based economy). I examine the different meanings attached to the new economy term and the evidence surrounding it, concentrating on the upsurge in US productivity growth between 1995 and 2000. I argue that the reports of the death of the new economy have been greatly exaggerated. There is evidence that information technology

JOHN VAN REENEN

2005-01-01

94

Coordinated Control and Communication for Enhanced Safety of Highway Vehicle Platoons  

E-print Network

Coordinated Control and Communication for Enhanced Safety of Highway Vehicle Platoons Lijian Xu enhanced safety, improved highway utility, increased fuel economy, and reduced emission. This paper, communication resource allocation, and vehicle coordination in highway platoon control problems. I. INTRODUCTION

Zhang, Hongwei

95

From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy  

E-print Network

From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy By Herman Daly A steady-state economy of negative growth, a depression such as we are entering now, is a failed-growth economy, not a steady-state economy. Halting an accelerating downward spiral is necessary but is not the same thing as resuming

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

96

National Academies: The Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This news release from the National Academies reviews findings on the challenges and opportunities for a Hydrogen Economy. According to the report, "A transition to hydrogen as a major fuel in the next 50 years could significantly change the U.S. energy economy, reducing air emissions and expanding domestic energy resources, but technical, economic, and infrastructure barriers need to be overcome." A link to the full report online includes chapters on: A Framework for Thinking About the Hydrogen Economy, The Demand Side: Hydrogen End-Use Technologies, Transportation, Distribution, and Storage of Hydrogen, Supply Chains for Hydrogen and Estimated Costs of Hydrogen Supply, Implications of a Transition to Hydrogen in Vehicles for the U.S. Energy System, Carbon Capture and Storage, Hydrogen Production Technologies, and Crosscutting Issues. The Executive Summary includes some implications for policy. This site is also reviewed in the February 27, 2004 _NSDL MET Report_.

97

CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL ECONOMY How to decarbonise the global economy  

E-print Network

and burn fossil fuels at a rate that is increasing rapidly: enough to raise temperatures not just by 2, nuclear and fossil fuels combined with Home UK World Companies Markets Global Economy Lex Comment avoid dangerous climate change and achieve sustainable development. The report, produced by the Deep

98

Disinflation Costs Under Inflation Targeting in Small Open Economy Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1991, inflation in Colombia was reduced from 25% on average to about 6% more recently. Although this performance is in line with a long run inflation target of 3%, some analysts ask whether the Central Bank should continue disinflating. In this paper we present a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model of inflation targeting for a small open economy to

Paulina Restrepo Echavarría

99

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel...

2012-10-01

100

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel...

2013-10-01

101

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. 537.9 Section 537.9 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel...

2011-10-01

102

Safety Features in Anaesthesia Machine  

PubMed Central

Anaesthesia is one of the few sub-specialties of medicine, which has quickly adapted technology to improve patient safety. This application of technology can be seen in patient monitoring, advances in anaesthesia machines, intubating devices, ultrasound for visualisation of nerves and vessels, etc., Anaesthesia machines have come a long way in the last 100 years, the improvements being driven both by patient safety as well as functionality and economy of use. Incorporation of safety features in anaesthesia machines and ensuring that a proper check of the machine is done before use on a patient ensures patient safety. This review will trace all the present safety features in the machine and their evolution. PMID:24249880

Subrahmanyam, M; Mohan, S

2013-01-01

103

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always General site safety  

E-print Network

.400 Electrical cords Links: Occupational Health and Safety Administration www.osha.gov #12;Safety First Safety Last Safety Always General site safety During the course of construction fall to eliminate the hazard of impalement. Electrical cords Check your cords every day to make sure

Minnesota, University of

104

Iceland — a future hydrogen economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a path towards a future hydrogen energy economy in Iceland. The national energy situation is reviewed as well as production of hydrogen based fuels for transport and fishing sectors in Iceland by combining hydroelectric hydrogen and carbon oxides emission from metals industries. Finally the establishment of The Icelandic Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Company including five phases of

Bragi Árnason; Thorsteinn I Sigfússon

2000-01-01

105

Steps toward the hydrogen economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hydrogen economy is defined as the industrial system in which one of the universal energy carriers is hydrogen (the other is electricity) and hydrogen is oxidized to water that may be reused by applying an external energy source for dissociation of water into its component elements hydrogen and oxygen. There are three different primary energy-supply system classes which may

S. S. Penner

2006-01-01

106

Growing the green economy globally  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategies for global sustainability and growing the green economy must address current economic models driving today's unsustainable forms of globalisation. Technological innovation is needed to shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy, recycling and redesign industrial processes. More fundamental strategy levels need re-examining: policy models, assumptions, institutional inertia and cultural values fuelling today's drive toward increasing unsustainability. Conventional economic models

Hazel Henderson

2007-01-01

107

Murphy's Moral Economy of Labor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Praises and summarizes James Bernard Murphy's "The Moral Economy of Labor: Aristotelian Themes in Economic Theory." Linking economic theories from Adam Smith to Karl Marx, Murphy criticizes traditional economic and social thinking regarding the division of labor. He proposes an integration of conceptualization and execution to humanize labor. (MJP)

Masters, Roger D.

1996-01-01

108

DISCOURSES IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY  

E-print Network

© 2002 Transaction Publishers Pp. 3-17 Chapter 1 A Brief on Environmental Justice John Byrne, Cecilia Martinez, and Leigh Glover Introduction Contemporary usage of the term `environmental justice' arose from structure. Learning from the environmental justice debate, the discourse of political economy is presently

Delaware, University of

109

Enterprise Skills for the Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose ? In response to the emergence of an enterprise economy, government claims that building an enterprise culture is vital. Correspondingly, provision of entrepreneurship education in higher education has expanded. The paper aims to assess the potential of entrepreneurship education to develop skills, and of whether students perceive them as…

Galloway, Laura; Anderson, Maggie; Brown, Wendy; Wilson, Laura

2005-01-01

110

Labor in the World Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American labor movement and labor groups from other developed nations have recognized the interdependence of the world's economies. Discussed are the AFL-CIO's support for labor in the Soviet Union, policies of developing nations to reduce inflation and the resulting worldwide recession, U.S. auto industry problems, and maintaining labor…

Oswald, Rudy

1984-01-01

111

Asia in the World Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Asia in the World Economy (AWE) is a "comprehensive web resource on Asia" from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. The site features maps, "best sites," and country profiles of China, Japan, India, and beyond, in addition to a webliography of regional resources with economic, political, and news media information.

112

Green business or community economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyzes two major ways of aiming at ecological sustainability. One is represented by the green business movement while the other is represented by different models of the community economy (e.g. community-supported agriculture). Ecological sustainability requires quantitative and qualitative limitations both on the supply and demand sides of economic activities. Theoretical and empirical arguments show that the green business

Laszlo Zsolnai

2002-01-01

113

Adventures in the Alaska Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication was developed to increase students' understanding of basic economic concepts and the historical development of Alaska's economy. Comics depict major historical events as they occurred, but specific characters are fictionalized. Each of nine episodes is accompanied by several pages of explanatory text, which enlarges on the episode…

Jackstadt, Steve; Huskey, Lee

114

Green Jobs and Energy Economy  

E-print Network

will spur the crea- tion of more jobs locally than `business as usual' fossil-fuel economies of the last energy sector generates more jobs per unit of energy delivered than the fossil fuel- based sector) emissions from 1990 levels by the year 2050 is re- quired in order to reduce the risk of dangerous

Kammen, Daniel M.

115

Green Jobs and Energy Economy  

E-print Network

' fossil-fuel economies of the last century, while investments in energy efficiency measures will redirect that the renewable energy sector generates more jobs per unit of energy delivered than the fossil fuel- based sector) emissions from 1990 levels by the year 2050 is re- quired in order to reduce the risk of dangerous

Kammen, Daniel M.

116

Czechoslovak Economy in 1980s  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Study analyzes the development of the Czechoslovak economy in the 1980s, which was the last decade of the existence of socialism. It shows that Czechoslovakia did not catch impulses which two oil shocks accelerated in Western countries, and which led both to the technical revolution in sphere of energy intensity of production and to computerization and automation. It documents

Alexej Bálek

2007-01-01

117

Inflation Targeting in Dollarized Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shift to inflation targeting has contributed to the relatively low inflation observed in some emerging market economies although, as noted by many economists, the preconditions required for a successful implementation were not in place. The existence of managed exchange rate regimes, a narrow base of domestic nominal financial assets, the lack of market instruments to hedge exchange rate risks,

Leonardo Leiderman; Rodolfo Maino; Eric Parrado

2006-01-01

118

Bicycle safety  

MedlinePLUS

... And-Facts.aspx. Accessed August 27, 2013. National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. Bicycles. Available at: http:// ... nhtsa.gov/Bicycles. Accessed August 27, 2013. National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. Kids and bicycle safety. ...

119

Toolbox Safety Talk Excavation Safety  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Excavation Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Excavations are recognized as one of the most hazardous operations in the construction industry. Excavation cave-ins can cause serious and often fatal injuries

Pawlowski, Wojtek

120

UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST  

E-print Network

-45 and Criminal Code section 217.1, WorkSafeBC Occupational Health & Safety Regulations (OHSR): 31 UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST INSTRUCTIONS PAGE Please use the following table below needs, contact the Risk & Safety Department at 250-960- (5530) for further instructions. This safety

Northern British Columbia, University of

121

A Colorado Perspective: The New Energy Economy  

E-print Network

Economy by pro- moting alternative energy, encouraging cleaner ways of ex- tracting and using fossil fuels,economies, leverage unique energy assets, increase energy efficiency and conservation, lead by example, and promote the responsible development of fossil fuel

Martin, Jim; Brannon, Ginny

2009-01-01

122

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2  

E-print Network

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 52 #12;Kinds of Production Costs Costs incurred). Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 52 #12;Costs and Production Volume

Vardeman, Stephen B.

123

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1  

E-print Network

Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 53 #12;THE Basics The very basic notion that governs) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 53 #12;Solving for P The (N

Vardeman, Stephen B.

124

NEW ECONOMY NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch  

E-print Network

June 2000 NEW ECONOMY ­ NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch Massachusetts Institute of Technology Until recently the new economy" was reigning supreme: there was the boom--no inflation to speak of, stocks at all to the new economy. But now everything looks a bit different. There are signs of inflation in product

Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

125

Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities  

E-print Network

Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities #12;www.universities-scotland.ac.uk #12 sector can continue to grow to the benefit of Scotland's economy and society. Andrew Dixon, Chief. Universities play a major role in the creative economy in identifying and growing talent and skills as well

Hall, Christopher

126

The Political Economy of Transition Grard Roland  

E-print Network

1 The Political Economy of Transition Gérard Roland Gérard Roland is Professor of Economics on an earlier draft. He also thanks symposium participants in Prague, March 23 2001. #12;2 Political economy of reforms. The political economy argument in favor of gradualism was that an appropriate sequencing

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

127

Regional Report New Jersey's New Economy  

E-print Network

Rutgers Regional Report New Jersey's New Economy Growth Challenges James W. Hughes Dean Edward J July 2006 #12;advanced new-economy peers--New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts--have been experi- encing employment declines in the post­2000 period in a number of important "new economy" sectors

128

The First New Economy Business Cycle  

E-print Network

The First New Economy Business Cycle T he exact shape and composition of the full new economy business cycle has yet to be revealed. Nonetheless, as the second quarter of 2002 advances, it can confidently be said that the first new economy recession has probably run its course and the economic abyss

129

Power the world's powers the world's economy.  

E-print Network

With a career in business, you can apply creativity, problem solving and leadership to support a strong economyPower the world's economy #12;powers the world's economy. Put yourself in the driver's seat. Business #12;Dreamofrunningyourown business?Climbingthecorporate ladder?Turningagreatideainto anewproduct

Escher, Christine

130

Teaching Economics in the Mini-Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet produced by the State of Indiana introduces elementary teachers to economic concepts appropriate to the elementary curriculum and explains how to use mini-economy activities to teach these concepts. Chapter 1 describes how the mini-economy works, while chapter 2 introduces basic economic vocabulary and discusses market economy. Ideas…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

131

AUTOMOBILE FUEL ECONOMY: WHAT IS IT WORTH?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marginal value of increased automobile fuel economy is estimated using a hedonic model of 2001 model year automobiles sold in the United States. This value is then compared to the average expected lifetime fuel savings attributable to increased fuel economy. Results indicate that automobile buyers fully internalize fuel cost savings attributable to improved fuel economy at low discount rates,

MOLLY ESPEY; SANTOSH NAIR

2005-01-01

132

Automobile Fuel Economy: What is it Worth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marginal value of increased automobile fuel economy is estimated using a hedonic model of 2001 model year automobiles sold in the United States. This value is then compared to the average expected lifetime fuel savings attributable to increased fuel economy. Results indicate that automobile buyers fully internalize fuel cost savings attributable to improved fuel economy at low discount rates,

Santosh Nair; Molly Espey

2004-01-01

133

Does the economy affect teenage substance use?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines how teenage drug and alcohol use responds to changes in the economy. In contrast to the recent literature confirming pro-cyclical alcohol use among adults, this research offers strong evidence that a weaker economy leads to greater teenage marijuana and hard-drug use and some evidence that a weaker economy also leads to higher teenage alcohol use. The findings

Jeremy Arkes

2007-01-01

134

Digital Economy and Management in Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the digital economy and its impact on the firm. Highlights include subsectors of the digital economy, including infrastructure; analysis of the digital economy in Spain; analysis of the ICT (information and communication technology) sector in Spain; and electronic commerce through the Internet. (LRW)

del Aguila, Ana R.; Padilla, Antonio; Serarols, Christian; Veciana, Jose M.

2003-01-01

135

Coopetitive game solutions for the eurozone economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at providing, through a game theory model of coopetition, feasible solutions in a cooperative perspective to the problems that affect the Eurozone economy after the Greek crisis. In particular, it focuses on stability and growth as the primary goals, which should drive the Eurozone economy in consequence of the financial and economic crisis of the Greek economy

D. Carfì; M. Magaudda; D. Schilirò

2010-01-01

136

Study on Private Economy in Tibet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the status quo and characteristics of development of private economy in Tibet, the private economy shows the momentum of rapid growth and is the main force for promoting prosperity of urban-rural market, becoming an important source of fiscal revenue and a major channel for social employment. The main factors restricting the development of private economy in Tibet

Ke Luo

2011-01-01

137

Relationship between highway transportation and economy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the method of principal components analysis, the paper establishes highway transportation development exponent and economy development exponent successfully, which can represent the historic status, current status and future trends of highway transportation and economy development respectively. This shows it is feasible to express the development of highway transportation and economy with the two exponents. Moreover, the paper makes quantitative

Han Yuezhen; Gao Ge

2010-01-01

138

Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas  

E-print Network

Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions constraint? Implications for energy and climate

139

Ysgoloriaethau Sgiliau'r Economi Gwybodaeth Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships (KESS)  

E-print Network

Ysgoloriaethau Sgiliau'r Economi Gwybodaeth Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships (KESS) COMPANY FACTSHEET (Mar11) What are Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships? The Knowledge Economy Skills, jointly sponsored by business partners who are based in the Convergence areas of Wales. KESS aims

Davies, Christopher

140

Scale Economies, Scope Economies, and Technical Change in Federal Reserve Payment Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade, the U.S. economy has witnessed a tremendous surge in the usage of electronic payment processing services and an increased importance of the firms that provide these services. In this paper, we estimate scale economies, scope economies, and technical change in the Federal Reserve's provision of payments processing from 1990 to 2000. We find considerable scale economies

Paul W. Bauer; ROBIN C. SICKLES

2004-01-01

141

Open-Economy Inflation Targeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylised realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not only limit the variability of CPI

Lars E. O. Svensson

1998-01-01

142

Open-economy inflation targeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylized realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation, and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not limit the variability of CPI inflation

Lars E. O. Svensson

2000-01-01

143

Dismantling the Cold War economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

End-of-the-Cold-War economic realities include political jockeying over the future of weapons systems, a paucity of meaningful conversion efforts, and a suspicion that a weak economy will be unable to compensate for the loss of jobs and purchasing power as defense budgets are reduced. The authors of this book present three interrelated hypotheses: The first is that the existence of a

A. Markusen; J. Yudkin

1992-01-01

144

Encyclopedia of the New Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Wired magazine, the Encyclopedia of the New Economy is a compendium of the key issues and terms that define the creation, buying, and selling of communication technology products. Terms are listed in alphabetical order and include both catch phrases and overviews. Wired Encyclopedia authors not only create a useful list of concepts, they also stimulate further thought on the controversies inherent in information technologies by leaving many definitions open-ended.

145

Population and the Colombian economy.  

PubMed

Colombia is the only one of the 6 most populous Latin American countries that is currently free of major economic crisis requiring an agreement with the International Monetary Fund. The difference in the economic performances of these countries is relative, since the rate of growth in the Colombian economy was only 1.5% in 1982. Yet, Colombia seems to have weathered the international recession better than most. The crisis atmosphere in the rest of Latin America, triggered by overall economic decline, high rates of inflation, and an indebtedness that soaks up much of export earnings to service it, is lacking in Colombia or present in lesser degree. If Colombia can strengthen its political performance and tighten national unity, it could move through the 1980s with considerable confidence and success in economic development. Colombia differs little from other major Latin American countries with regard to traditionalism and modernization. Most Colombians are secularized. Colombia is far ahead of most comparable Latin American countries in fertility control. The lower rate of population increase defines the extent to which the economy must provide education, health, food, and jobs. 2 other factors are essential for understanding the current situation in Colombia and its prospects for the 1980s. Government policy in the 1970s opted for an austerity program while the other countries were growing rapidly, in large part through borrowed resources. A 2nd factor is the prospect of attaining autonomy in energy production. These special characteristics--population, public policy, and energy--are discussed. Since the mid 1960s Colombia has functioned with 3 family planning programs. Their existence makes contraception easily available to the population generally. In 1960 Colombia had a higher total fertility rate (TFR) 7.0, than either Venezuela (6.6) or Brazil (5.3), but by 1976 its TFR was down to 4.1, while Venezuela's (4.8) and Brazil's (4.3) were now higher. On balance, when compared with other Latin American countries, Colombia's basic population trends place it in a relatively favorable position. The economy affected by these population changes is 1 of the most diversified in Latin America. 1 of the most promising aspects of the Colombian economy in the future will be energy production. Although currently an energy importer, in the form of petroleum and petroleum products, Colombia expects to be totally self-sufficient in all forms of energy by 1985 and to become a major importer of coal. The road ahead is not smooth, but Colombia seems likely to make progress in raising the standard of living of its population, especially if the world economy recovers. PMID:12279754

Sanders, T G

1983-01-01

146

Fuel Economy Standards for New Light Trucks (released in AEO2007)  

EIA Publications

In March 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) finalized Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards requiring higher fuel economy performance for light-duty trucks in model year (MY) 2008 through 2011. Unlike the proposed CAFE standards discussed in Annual Energy Outlook 2006, which would have established minimum fuel economy requirements by six footprint size classes, the final reformed CAFE standards specify a continuous mathematical function that determines minimum fuel economy requirements by vehicle footprint, defined as the wheelbase (the distance from the front axle to the center of the rear axle) times the average track width (the distance between the center lines of the tires) of the vehicle in square feet.

2007-01-01

147

Precious Metal Catalysts Supported on Ceramic and Metal Monolithic Structures for the Hydrogen Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed hydrogen for the hydrogen economy will require new catalysts and processes. Existing large?scale hydrogen plants can not simply be reduced in size to meet the economic, safety, and frequent duty cycle requirements for applications for fuel cells, hydrogen fueling stations, and industrial uses such as hydrogenation reactions, gas turbine cooling, metal processing, etc 12. Consequently, there is a need

Robert J. Farrauto; Ye Liu; Wolfgang Ruettinger; Oleg Ilinich; Larry Shore; Tom Giroux

2007-01-01

148

Costs and benefits of automative fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle costs, fuel savings, consumers' surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO2 and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from

David L. Greene; K. G. Duleep

1993-01-01

149

Equilibrium in a Production Economy  

SciTech Connect

Consider a closed production-consumption economy with multiple agents and multiple resources. The resources are used to produce the consumption good. The agents derive utility from holding resources as well as consuming the good produced. They aim to maximize their utility while the manager of the production facility aims to maximize profits. With the aid of a representative agent (who has a multivariable utility function) it is shown that an Arrow-Debreu equilibrium exists. In so doing we establish technical results that will be used to solve the stochastic dynamic problem (a case with infinite dimensional commodity space so the General Equilibrium Theory does not apply) elsewhere.

Chiarolla, Maria B., E-mail: maria.chiarolla@uniroma1.it [Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Dipartimento di Metodi e Modelli per l'Economia, il Territorio e la Finanza, Facolta di Economia (Italy); Haussmann, Ulrich G., E-mail: uhaus@math.ubc.ca [University of British Columbia, Department of Mathematics (Canada)

2011-06-15

150

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... the statistics reported in 1994 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Alcohol involvement - for driver or ... for this fact sheet came from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the National Safe Kids Campaign ...

151

Food safety  

MedlinePLUS

Food safety refers to the conditions and practices that preserve the quality of food to prevent contamination and ... Poor food handling and inadequate food safety can cause infection ... include stomach problems. Foodborne illness may be severe and ...

152

Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... More Information Health and Nutrition Information for Preschoolers Food Safety Preschoolers' immune systems are still developing. This makes ... That's why it's important to follow the recommended food safety guidelines. Keep food safe to eat by following ...

153

Tractor Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... and severe injuries. To avoid them, follow safe management principles and implement a tractor safety program on your farm. • Develop a "safety first" attitude. Follow safe work practices all the time and set a good example ...

154

Benchmarking safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

All of general industry in the United States, represented by the participants in the IEEE\\/IAS Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee Technical Conference (PCIC), is regulated by the federal government to have an electrical safety program. The Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) documents that drive the electrical safety of employees in the workplace is written in performance

L. B. McClung

2003-01-01

155

Brazil & the Latin American Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News follows repercussions of world financial crises in the key Latin American economy of Brazil. The nine resources discussed provide background information, press coverage, and economic data on Brazil and related economies. With a population of 164 million and GDP of $480 billion, Brazil represents Latin America's largest economic force. Heavy US financial investments, however, tie Brazil directly to Dow Jones Industrial Average falls (reviewed in the September 10, 1998 Scout for Business & Economics) and their Asian and Russian causes (reviewed in the July 16, 1998 _Scout Report for Business & Economics_--http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/report/bus-econ/1998/be-980716txt.html#22). International concern for Latin America grew when Brazil lost $1.8 billion in foreign capital following drops in the Dow, September 10, 1998--a decisive factor in stock tumbles in Mexico and Venezuela as well. Such damaging results led to a bold rise in interest rates from the Banco Central do Brasil and negotiations with the IMF. A US and Brazilian market rally since September 11, however, leaves many officials hopeful for a stable Latin American future.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

156

Organizational Complexity in the Regional Cultural Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Markusen A. Organizational complexity in the regional cultural economy, Regional Studies. Cultural industries offer a truncated understanding of the regional cultural economy, undercounting self-employed workers and others outside the for-profit sector. Commercial, public, non-profit, and unincorporated community sectors produce, present, train, organize, guide, and regulate elements of the cultural economy, each with distinctive structures, goals, and operational systems. Using survey

Ann Markusen

2010-01-01

157

Public Safety Public Safety Center  

E-print Network

of people following you after you disembark or exit the bus, train, or an ATM machine. Keep your purse, bags and bring someone with you or visit a grocery store or gas station. Personal Safety Precautions Safety

158

Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.  

SciTech Connect

After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

2007-01-01

159

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer's surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))

1992-03-01

160

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer`s surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer`s surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Duleep, K.G. [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)

1992-03-01

161

CIO in a Service Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has evolved considerably since its inception in the 1980s. This paper begins with a brief review of the evolution of this role and sets the stage for future change brought about by the rise of the service economy. The enterprise of the future is then characterized based on an important global study by IBM. Using this characterization, the future challenges for CIOs in areas such as strategic planning, governance and operations management of information technology services are assessed from the perspectives of the four major elements of a service system (technology, people, organization and shared information). The paper concludes with a summary of the important findings, pointing to the challenge that CIOs of the future must be the leaders in their organizations in the delivery of smarter, on-demand service systems to smarter customers.

Sorenson, Paul G.

162

Money Distributions in Chaotic Economies  

E-print Network

This paper considers the ideal gas-like model of trading markets, where each individual is identified as a gas molecule that interacts with others trading in elastic or money-conservative collisions. Traditionally this model introduces different rules of random selection and exchange between pair agents. Real economic transactions are complex but obviously non-random. Consequently, unlike this traditional model, this work implements chaotic elements in the evolution of an economic system. In particular, we use a chaotic signal that breaks the natural pairing symmetry $(i,j)\\Leftrightarrow(j,i)$ of a random gas-like model. As a result of that, it is found that a chaotic market like this can reproduce the referenced wealth distributions observed in real economies (the Gamma, Exponential and Pareto distributions).

Carmen Pellicer-Lostao; Ricardo Lopez-Ruiz

2009-06-10

163

Child Care and the New Economy: Part I--Three Pillars of the New Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Late in 2008, when it was becoming apparent that the economic downturn was not a simple blip but a serious recession, Warren Buffet confidently predicted that the American economy would bounce back and be as strong as ever. However, he observed, "the economy that emerges will not be the same economy that entered the downturn." Since then, one…

Neugebauer, Roger

2009-01-01

164

Fuel Economy of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (released in AEO2005)  

EIA Publications

The U.S. fleet of light-duty vehicles consists of cars and light trucks, including minivans, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and trucks with gross vehicle weight less than 8,500 pounds. The fuel economy of light-duty vehicles is regulated by the (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) CAFE standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Currently, the CAFE standard is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for cars and 20.7 mpg for light trucks. The most recent increase in the CAFE standard for cars was in 1990, and the most recent increase in the CAFE standard for light trucks was in 1996.

2005-01-01

165

The Emerging Chinese economy & its Global Impacts  

E-print Network

The Emerging Chinese economy & its Global Impacts Department of Geography & IDS University of Sussex 5 February: The Emerging Chinese Economy & its Global Impacts + Decoding the Harmonious Socialist Society or Walking the Dog Dr. Godfrey Yeung & Prof. Bob Benewick, Sussex 12 February: Russia's Energy

Sussex, University of

166

The Rural Economy in a New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological change, globalization, and localization have changed rural economies. They have increased labor productivity, reducing the importance of labor costs in location decisions; decreased the importance of distance; increased the importance of economies of scale; and increased the role of local conditions and choices in determining…

Johnson, Thomas G.

167

Competition and Outsourcing with Scale Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scale economies are commonplace in operations, yet because of analytical challenges, relatively little is known about how firms should compete in their presence. This paper presents a model of competition between two firms that face scale economies; (i.e., each firm's cost per unit of demand is decreasing in demand). A general framework is used, which incorporates competition between two service

Gérard P. Cachon; Patrick T. Harker

2002-01-01

168

Economies of Scale in the Floriculture Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the cost structure of the floriculture industry in the United States. Economies of scale and input elasticities were estimated with a normalized quadratic cost function. Results suggest that economies of scale exist in the floriculture industry. As producers become large and more automated, they have a cost advantage relative to smaller producers who are producing the same

Sara K. Schumacher; Thomas L. Marsh

2003-01-01

169

The political economy of national security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of international security and political economy are two sides of the same coin. Yet the disciplinary fields of security studies and political economy too often maintain a deliberate distance from each other. The three books discussed in this article are a welcome departure from such an artificial division between (inter)national security issues on the one hand, and economic

Alexandra Homolar

2010-01-01

170

Latin America and the digital economy challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although only a small percentage of the world's population has access to the Web, its influence over the world economy and society is very high. It is possible to imagine a completely different economy from the industrial one, but the potential of information and communications technology constitutes a challenge for traditional economic thought. This paper explores the characteristics of the

Miguel Angel Gutierrez

2004-01-01

171

THE BURNING OF BIOMASS Economy, Environment, Health  

E-print Network

THE BURNING OF BIOMASS Economy, Environment, Health Kees Kolff, MD, MPH April 21, 2012 #12;OUR TRUCKS OF BIOMASS/ DAY (Currently 82) #12;BAD FOR THE ECONOMY · Taxpayers will pay 50% - tax credits, etc · Not a cogen project so only 25% efficient · Biomass better for biofuels, not electricity · MILL JOBS

172

Political Capital in a Market Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research applies a transaction-focused institutional analysis to compare the value of political capital in different institutional domains of China's market economy. Our results show that the value of political capital is associated with institutional domains of the economy in which agents can use political connections to secure advantages.…

Nee, Victor; Opper, Sonja

2010-01-01

173

Getting Tenure in a Down Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic tenure is now under attack. A down economy has placed greater pressure on institutions making tenure more difficult to obtain. Nineteen tips for gaining tenure in a down economy are presented along with several justifications for tenure and why tenure is important for the preservation of the academy and the freedom to research and teach.

Shaw, Darla; Maidment, Fred

2010-01-01

174

AmosWeb: Ask Mr. Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Orley Amos, Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University, Ask Mr. Economy is a weekly section of the AmosWorld site where questions on economic matters are answered. The answers provide a mixture of humor and economic concept description. Users can search topics covered in Ask Mr. Economy in the economic glossary.

Amos, Orley M., 1954-.

1997-01-01

175

The informal economy and business cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vast literature has focused on what causes businesses to move into informality and what is the impact of an enlarging informal sector on growth. This paper shows that the size of the informal economy also affects business cycle volatility. Informal businesses are usually small in size, which not only prevents them from achieving economies of scale and from operating

Gisele Ferreira-Tiryaki

2008-01-01

176

The Political Economies of Immigration Law  

E-print Network

1 The Political Economies of Immigration Law Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar* A largely dysfunctional American immigration system is only poorly explained by simple depictions of the political economy attitudes, explicit presidential decisions, or general gridlock. Instead, the structure of immigration law

Rose, Michael R.

177

What is ethnic in an ethnic economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines critically the relationship between ethnicity and entrepreneurship in the sociology of immigrant economies. It argues that what is ethnic in an ethnic economy has often been confusingly conceptualised and that several factors now call for re-assessing the ethnic nature of immigrants' business activities. On the basis of a review of recent research, three such factors are outlined:

Antoine Pécoud

2010-01-01

178

Transforming America's Energy Economy Transforming America's  

E-print Network

to ensure our energy security and to mitigate the environmental consequences associated with our current outlined in this white paper are driven by energy security and climate change concerns. Energy security#12;Transforming America's Energy Economy Transforming America's Energy Economy This document

179

The Hydrogen Economy as a Technological Bluff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hydrogen economy is a technological bluff in its implied assurance that, despite the accelerating pace at which we are depleting the remaining half of our fossil fuels, our energy future is secure. Elementary thermodynamic considerations are developed to show that a hydrogen economy is about as feasible as a perpetual motion machine. Hydrogen…

Vanderburg, Willem H.

2006-01-01

180

Feebates, Footprints and Highway Safety  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an analysis of a market-based policy aimed at encouraging manufacturers to develop more fuel efficient vehicles without affecting the car buyer s choice of vehicle size. A vehicle s size is measured by its footprint , the product of track width and wheelbase. Traditional market-based policies to promote higher fuel economy, such as higher gasoline taxes or gas guzzler taxes, also induce motorists to purchase smaller vehicles. Whether or not such policies affect overall road safety remains controversial, however. Feebates, a continuous schedule of new vehicle taxes and rebates as a function of vehicle fuel consumption, can also be made a function of vehicle size, thus removing the incentive to buy a smaller vehicle. A feebate system based on a vehicle s footprint creates the same incentive to adopt technology to improve fuel economy as simple feebate systems while removing any incentive for manufacturers or consumers to downsize vehicles.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2009-01-01

181

INFORMS `03, Atlanta GA, October 19-21 A Supply Chain Network EconomyA Supply Chain Network Economy  

E-print Network

INFORMS `03, Atlanta GA, October 19-21 A Supply Chain Network EconomyA Supply Chain Network Economy competition. But a supply chain vs. a supply chain competition in many marketplaces today. #12;INFORMS Atlanta, GA, October 19-22, 2003 Supply Chain EconomySupply Chain Economy Supply Chain Economy (SCE

Nagurney, Anna

182

40 CFR 600.113-78 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-78 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1978 and Later...

2010-07-01

183

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2010-07-01

184

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided...

2011-10-01

185

Energy and the Wealth of Nations Understanding the Biophysical Economy  

E-print Network

Economy Charles A.S. Hall, SUNY, Environmental Science & Forestry Kent Klitgaard been treated as a social science in which economies are modeled sheets that drive our "petroleum economy." Hall and Klitgaard explore the relation

Hall, Charles A.S.

186

40 CFR 600.113-78 - Fuel economy calculations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fuel economy calculations. 600.113-78 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and Carbon-Related Exhaust...

2011-07-01

187

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2012-07-01

188

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2013-07-01

189

40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

2011-07-01

190

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided...

2012-10-01

191

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided...

2013-10-01

192

48 CFR 17.502-2 - The Economy Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Acquisitions 17.502-2 The Economy Act. (a) The Economy Act (31 U.S.C. 1535...services. If the interagency business transaction does not result...the FAR does not apply. The Economy Act also provides...

2012-10-01

193

48 CFR 17.502-2 - The Economy Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Acquisitions 17.502-2 The Economy Act. (a) The Economy Act (31 U.S.C. 1535...services. If the interagency business transaction does not result...the FAR does not apply. The Economy Act also provides...

2013-10-01

194

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

195

Safety First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ned Miller does not take security lightly. As director of campus safety and emergency management at the Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC), any threat requires serious consideration. As community college administrators adopt a more proactive approach to campus safety, many institutions are experimenting with emerging technologies, including…

Taft, Darryl

2011-01-01

196

Safety issues  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the NASA safety review process is to make sure that any system hazards that can endanger the manned flight system are precluded. The systems that address manned flight in a payload safety review process are discussed. The types of basic hazards that are normally addressed on any of the payloads are: contamination, electrical shock, explosions, radiation, and temperature extremes.

Rohal, R.

1991-01-01

197

Opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology in the green economy.  

PubMed

In a world of finite resources and ecosystem capacity, the prevailing model of economic growth, founded on ever-increasing consumption of resources and emission pollutants, cannot be sustained any longer. In this context, the "green economy" concept has offered the opportunity to change the way that society manages the interaction of the environmental and economic domains. To enable society to build and sustain a green economy, the associated concept of "green nanotechnology" aims to exploit nano-innovations in materials science and engineering to generate products and processes that are energy efficient as well as economically and environmentally sustainable. These applications are expected to impact a large range of economic sectors, such as energy production and storage, clean up-technologies, as well as construction and related infrastructure industries. These solutions may offer the opportunities to reduce pressure on raw materials trading on renewable energy, to improve power delivery systems to be more reliable, efficient and safe as well as to use unconventional water sources or nano-enabled construction products therefore providing better ecosystem and livelihood conditions.However, the benefits of incorporating nanomaterials in green products and processes may bring challenges with them for environmental, health and safety risks, ethical and social issues, as well as uncertainty concerning market and consumer acceptance. Therefore, our aim is to examine the relationships among guiding principles for a green economy and opportunities for introducing nano-applications in this field as well as to critically analyze their practical challenges, especially related to the impact that they may have on the health and safety of workers involved in this innovative sector. These are principally due to the not fully known nanomaterial hazardous properties, as well as to the difficulties in characterizing exposure and defining emerging risks for the workforce. Interestingly, this review proposes action strategies for the assessment, management and communication of risks aimed to precautionary adopt preventive measures including formation and training of employees, collective and personal protective equipment, health surveillance programs to protect the health and safety of nano-workers. It finally underlines the importance that occupational health considerations will have on achieving an effectively sustainable development of nanotechnology. PMID:25294341

Iavicoli, Ivo; Leso, Veruscka; Ricciardi, Walter; Hodson, Laura L; Hoover, Mark D

2014-01-01

198

Environmental Health & Safety Safety in the Workplace  

E-print Network

-engineered sharp? The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines a safety-engineered sharpEnvironmental Health & Safety Safety in the Workplace Safety-Engineered Sharps What is a safety as a non-needle sharp or needle device with a built-in safety feature or mechanisms that effectively

Jawitz, James W.

199

EPA and DOE Fuel Economy Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is the EPA's main fuel economy site. It features a .pdf version of the agency's 2000 Model Year Fuel Economy Guide; a search engine that allows users to find the MPG of any 2000 model car and compare it with others, search by MPG, and view the best and worst models by size class; information on why fuel economy is important; a review of current and future fuel conservation technologies; a collection of FAQS; and tips on maintaining your car and driving more efficiently.

200

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy  

E-print Network

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy June 5, 2012 Harrisburg University technologies that can impact your business and Pennsylvania's economy Moderator: Charles Brumlik, Nanobiz #12

Gilchrist, James F.

201

Fuel Economy Improvement Potential of a Heavy Duty Truck using V2x Communication  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we introduce an intelligent driver assistance system to reduce fuel consumption in heavy duty vehicles irrespective of the driving style of the driver. We specifically study the potential of V2I and V2V communications to reduce fuel consumption in heavy duty trucks. Most ITS communications today are oriented towards vehicle safety, with communications strategies and hardware that tend to focus on low latency. This has resulted in technologies emerging with a relatively limited range for the communications. For fuel economy, it is expected that most benefits will be derived with greater communications distances, at the scale of many hundred meters or several kilometers, due to the large inertia of heavy duty vehicles. It may therefore be necessary to employ different communications strategies for ITS applications aimed at fuel economy and other environmental benefits than what is used for safety applications in order to achieve the greatest benefits.

LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Verma, Rajeev [Eaton Corporation; Norris, Sarah [Eaton Corporation; Cochran, Robert [Eaton Corporation

2014-01-01

202

Welcome to the experience economy.  

PubMed

First there was agriculture, then manufactured goods, and eventually services. Each change represented a step up in economic value--a way for producers to distinguish their products from increasingly undifferentiated competitive offerings. Now, as services are in their turn becoming commoditized, companies are looking for the next higher value in an economic offering. Leading-edge companies are finding that it lies in staging experiences. To reach this higher level of competition, companies will have to learn how to design, sell, and deliver experiences that customers will readily pay for. An experience occurs when a company uses services as the stage--and goods as props--for engaging individuals in a way that creates a memorable event. And while experiences have always been at the heart of the entertainment business, any company stages an experience when it engages customers in a personal, memorable way. The lessons of pioneering experience providers, including the Walt Disney Company, can help companies learn how to compete in the experience economy. The authors offer five design principles that drive the creation of memorable experiences. First, create a consistent theme, one that resonates throughout the entire experience. Second, layer the theme with positive cues--for example, easy-to-follow signs. Third, eliminate negative cues, those visual or aural messages that distract or contradict the theme. Fourth, offer memorabilia that commemorate the experience for the user. Finally, engage all five senses--through sights, sounds, and so on--to heighten the experience and thus make it more memorable. PMID:10181589

Pine, B J; Gilmore, J H

1998-01-01

203

The political economy of famine.  

PubMed

This paper explores some of the reasons why the well-laid plans of the 1970's failed to be an effective bulwark against hunger. It is reflective rather than critical because we are faced with the certainty that just as surely as the famines of the 1980's followed the famines of the 1970's, the 1990's will again see drought, crop failure and, unless things change a great deal, famine as well. The analysis of the causes of hunger current in the 1970's can be summarized somewhat brutally as follows. Either there is not enough to eat, or what is available is poor in nutritional quality. Poor nutrition is synergistic with disease. Together they result in increasing debility and finally death. Famine is an unusual event, precipitated by this same triad of factors, on a catastrophic scale. The strategies which emerged from this analysis can be placed similarly under three broad headings. The first is that food production must be increased so that there is more available for everyone. The second is that national food security strategies should be developed and implemented. The third is that nutritional quality of people's diets should be improved. These are three major goals which have dominated international thinking for a decade. This paper argues that this analysis is at the very least incomplete and that the strategies based upon it have failed to make a marked impact on the risk vulnerable households face to famine. It goes on to suggest that, irrespective of the quantity and quality of food generally available, the households, poorer communities and poorer countries are able to lay claim to a share of what is available. These claims are mediated by a hierarchy of relationships--households within communities, communities within countries and countries in the world at large--and the nature of the relationships constitutes the 'political economy' within which famines arise and must be analysed. PMID:3737027

Hay, R W

1986-01-01

204

Technology and a Global Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From U.S. Democratic Presidential candidates to America's unemployed, people are talking about the global economy and job loss for U.S. workers. Catch phrases like outsourcing, protectionism, free trade and fair trade circulate in conversations and media programs, but what does it all mean? This Topic in Depth reviews some websites that address these issues from different perspectives.This article from Issues in Science and Technology provides an overview of some of the issues and impacts on technology research and scientific training. (1). A good deal of the websites on globalization follow a format similar to this website (2), providing articles, statistics on outsourcing, discussion groups, and generally opposing globalization. This website from the Cato Institute provides another perspective on outsourcing (3), noting that it's "not just a one way street." The World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization (4) takes the perspective that globalization is irreversible and seeks "innovative ways of combining economic, social and environmental objectives, based on worldwide expertise." In some circles, the debate is between "fair trade" and "free trade." This organization (5) provides a definition of fairness, asks others for their views on fairness, and offers some standards for fairness in terms of business practices. The Center for International Development at Harvard University offers this website as "an objective entry point to the many trade-related resources on the internet" (6). Another extensive overview of some of the issues is offered by this Global Issues website (7), which "attempts to highlight some of the misconceptions and unfairness in the current model for global trading, economics and the current form of overly corporate-led globalization." The Globalisation Guide (8) is designed as a resource for students, highlighting some of the key questions to ask as the debate continues.

205

Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy  

E-print Network

Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

Yu, Winston

206

The role of networks in political economy  

E-print Network

This dissertation investigates the different roles that networks play in political economy. In the first chapter, I study how a political party uses electoral data to monitor and incentivize the political brokers who control ...

Larreguy Arbesú, Horacio Alejandro

2013-01-01

207

Agents modeling agents in information economies  

SciTech Connect

Our goal is to design and build agents that act intelligently when placed in an agent-based information economy, where agents buy and sell services (e.g. thesaurus, search, task planning services, etc.). The economy we are working in is the University of Michigan Digital Library (UMDL), a large scale multidisciplinary effort to build an infrastructure for the delivery of library services. In contrast with a typical economy, an information economy deals in goods and services that are often derived from unique sources (authors, analysts, etc.), so that many goods and services are not interchangeable. Also, the cost of replicating and transporting goods is usually negligible, and the quality of goods and services is difficult to measure objectively: even two sources with essentially the same information might appeal to different audiences. Thus, each agent has its own assessment of the quality of goods and services delivered.

Vidal, J.M.; Durfee, E.H. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1996-12-31

208

Essays in development economics and political economy  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on issues in economic development, with a focus ,on political economy and the labor market in India. Chapter 1] analyzes the effect of television coverage on political ...

Datta, Saugato

2007-01-01

209

Towards A Hydrogen Economy, 3. edition  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a study of the movement towards using hydrogen as a key energy carrier in the future and takes a high-level look at the current state of hydrogen and addresses the infrastructure requirements needed to make the hydrogen economy a reality. The report offers a detailed look at the move to a hydrogen economy by: identifying the current status of hydrogen production and use; discussing the key business drivers of the move towards hydrogen; discussing the barriers to implementation that stand in the way of a transition; providing a critical look at whether the hydrogen economy can succeed; describing the options that exist for a hydrogen infrastructure; identifying the key government initiatives making the hydrogen economy a reality; providing company-by-company profiles of automobile manufacturer efforts to develop and commercialize hydrogen vehicles; and, providing profiles of key hydrogen infrastructure manufacturers.

NONE

2007-05-15

210

Towards a hydrogen economy. 3rd ed.  

SciTech Connect

The report is a study of the movement towards using hydrogen as a key energy carrier in the future. It takes a look at the current state of hydrogen and addresses the infrastructure requirements needed to make the hydrogen economy a reality. The report offers a detailed look at the move to a hydrogen economy by: Identifying the current status of hydrogen production and use; Discussing the key business drivers of the move towards hydrogen; Discussing the barriers to implementation that stand in the way of a transition; Providing a critical look at whether the hydrogen economy can succeed; Describing the options that exist for a hydrogen infrastructure; Identifying the key government initiatives making the hydrogen economy a reality; Providing company-by-company profiles of automobile manufacturer efforts to develop and commercialize hydrogen vehicles; and Providing profiles of key hydrogen infrastructure manufacturers.

NONE

2006-07-15

211

Essays on institutions in developing economies  

E-print Network

The primary goal of this thesis is to gain a deeper understanding of how institutional structure responds and evolves in equilibrium, particularly in the idiosyncratic and dynamic settings of developing economies. I use ...

Wang, Xiao Yu, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01

212

Global Economy - Fertile Soil for Future Conflict.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The future prosperity and security of the United States is inextricably tied to the global economy. The growing number of multinational corporations and their complex network of foreign investments, production and marketing across international borders wi...

S. G. Leblanc

2002-01-01

213

Traffic airships with special reference to economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The first part of this report details the efficiency and economy of airship travel, while the second part presents methods of economic efficiency with regards to construction, cost of upkeep and operation, and the establishment of airship lines.

Leyensetter, Walther

1921-01-01

214

A Caricature (Model) of the World Economy  

E-print Network

This paper provides a stylized model of the workings of a global economy where one of its key driving factors is economic agents’ continuous struggle to find assets in which to park financial resources. This struggle ...

Caballero, Ricardo

2010-11-23

215

Globalization and its Impact on Bangladesh Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past decades, globalization has now become a new world order, which virtually influences everything that comes in our mind. Developing countries like Bangladesh with vulnerable geopolitical locations and weak economies are now looking at globaliz...

F. Rahman

2005-01-01

216

Essays on economies with heterogeneous labor  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I study two different economies that consist of heterogeneous labor. By allowing for differences among individuals where previous analyses restricted attention to homogeneous labor, I am able to understand ...

Lehr, Brandon Charles

2010-01-01

217

Matching and Inequality in the World Economy  

E-print Network

This paper develops tools and techniques to analyze the determinants of factor allocation and factor prices in economies with a large number of goods and factors. The main results of our paper characterize sufficient ...

Costinot, Arnaud

218

Computers, Automation Used in Ukrainian National Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report mentions various enterprises and organizations throughout the Ukraine where computers and automated systems of management are in operation and outlines plans for the development of such systems throughout the Ukrainian economy during the curren...

G. Bunchuk, A. Matveev

1972-01-01

219

Marketing Strategies in a Downturn Economy  

E-print Network

MARKETING STRATEGIES IN A DOWNTURN ECONOMY MALCOLM WILLIAMS Manager Business Development Gulf States Utilities Beaumont, ABSTRACT The economic activity in an area may affect electric utility sales more than other retailers. Statistics show... in inventory, and with current regulatory treatment the price is difficult to raise. These unique problems, which are compounded in a declining economy, have caused utilities to abandon traditional marketing techniques and develop new strategies to cope...

Williams, M.

220

Fuel economy of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of on-road energy consumption, fuel economy (FE) of hydrogen fuel cell light-duty vehicles is projected to be 2.5–2.7 times the fuel economy of the conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV) on the same platforms. Even with a less efficient but higher power density 0.6V per cell than the base case 0.7V per cell at the rated

Rajesh K Ahluwalia; X Wang; A Rousseau; R Kumar

2004-01-01

221

Drastic Plastic and the Global Electronic Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the rise of cosmetic surgical culture against the backdrop of recent explanations that foreground celebrity\\u000a culture and the consumer industries. By contrast to these mainstream accounts, the article contends that surgical culture\\u000a has become increasingly interwoven with major institutional changes of the global electronic economy. Personal vulnerabilities\\u000a in the workplace and wider new economy are explored in

Anthony Elliott

2009-01-01

222

Government-funded ethics in the information economy: The effects of a federal grant on a technical communication graduate curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the information economy, students can benefit from exposure to theories of ethics that are pertinent to such concerns as corporate governance and worker safety. The wisdom of classical and modern ethicists can provide guidance as faculty help students apply the theories to graduate-level course content as varied as visual design, rhetoric, and project management.

Ann S. Jennings

2008-01-01

223

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Snowblowers Pumpkin Carving Gardening Turkey Carving Removing a Ring ... encourages individuals to attend public fireworks displays, which are monitored for safety by a local fire department, rather than setting off fireworks near or ...

224

Fire Safety  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... save lives. Dry (Christmas) Tree vs. High Moisture Tree Fire Video by Maury Grundy The U.S. Fire Administration ... maintained (wet) cut Christmas tree and a dry tree. Fire Prevention and Safety Grants Video Video by Sirisha ...

225

Sun Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Campaign Related Links Buttons and Badges Cancer Home Sun Safety The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage your skin in ... other shelter before you need relief from the sun. Your best bet to protect your skin is ...

226

Laboratory Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wiki page provides a link to the recording of a webinar by Ken Roy. Join Ken Roy as he discusses the Dirty Dozen and the responsibilities of all educators in making science classrooms and activities safe[r] for students. Ken Roy is the National Science Teacher Association (NTSA) Science Safety Consultant and the Director of Environmental Health and Safety for Glastonbury Public Schools in Connecticut. Other links to the resources discussed in this webinar are also provided.

2009-11-12

227

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

Biehle, James T.; Motz, Lamoine L.; West, Sandra S.

2007-01-01

228

System safety education focused on flight safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The measures necessary for achieving higher levels of system safety are analyzed with an eye toward maintaining the combat capability of the Air Force. Several education courses were provided for personnel involved in safety management. Data include: (1) Flight Safety Officer Course, (2) Advanced Safety Program Management, (3) Fundamentals of System Safety, and (4) Quantitative Methods of Safety Analysis.

Holt, E.

1971-01-01

229

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY  

E-print Network

LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ISSUED BY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY OFFICE OF RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY and GEORGIA TECH LASER SAFETY COMMITTEE July 1, 2010 Revised July 31, 2012 #12;Laser Safety Program 1-1 #12;Laser Safety Policy Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. POLICY AND SCOPE

Houston, Paul L.

230

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL May 10, 2002 #12;i Acknowledgements Environmental Health and Safety gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the University Safety Council extremely helpful. #12;ii Environmental Health and Safety General Safety Manual Table of Contents Section

Maroncelli, Mark

231

Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines and reviews three forms and associated discourses of the ‘knowledge economy’: the ‘learning economy’, based on the work of Bengt-Åke Lundvall; the ‘creative economy’ based on the work of Charles Landry, John Howkins and Richard Florida; and the ‘open knowledge economy’ based on the work of Yochai Benkler and others. Arguably, these three forms and discourses represent

Michael A. Peters

2010-01-01

232

Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines and reviews three forms and associated discourses of the "knowledge economy": the "learning economy", based on the work of Bengt-Ake Lundvall; the "creative economy" based on the work of Charles Landry, John Howkins and Richard Florida; and the "open knowledge economy" based on the work of Yochai Benkler and others. Arguably,…

Peters, Michael A.

2010-01-01

233

The Space Economy NASA 50th Anniversary Lecture Series  

E-print Network

The Space Economy NASA 50th Anniversary Lecture Series Michael D. Griffin Administrator National growth that didn't previously exist. This is the emerging Space Economy, an economy that is transforming our lives here on Earth in ways that are not yet fully understood or appreciated. It is not an economy

234

Teaching New Keynesian Open Economy Macroeconomics at the Intermediate Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the open economy, the workhorse model in intermediate textbooks still is the Mundell-Fleming model, which basically extends the investment and savings, liquidity preference and money supply (IS-LM) model to open economy problems. The authors present a simple New Keynesian model of the open economy that introduces open economy considerations…

Bofinger, Peter; Mayer, Eric; Wollmershauser, Timo

2009-01-01

235

Bright Spots in the South Carolina the Economy  

E-print Network

Bright Spots in the South Carolina the Economy 2012 African American Economic Summit Doug Woodward Professor of Economics #12;Overview · Why we should worry. ­ Global economy and financial contagion. ­ U.S. economy and political uncertainty. · Why we should be happy. ­ South Carolina economy healing. · Robust

Almor, Amit

236

Extractive Economies, Growth, and the Poor Graham A. Davis  

E-print Network

economies affect the poor in those economies. This chapter examines this relationship via a simple com in an economy and the level of human development G.A. Davis (B) Division of Economics and Business, ColoradoExtractive Economies, Growth, and the Poor Graham A. Davis Abstract There is mixed evidence

237

La green economy: scelte concrete per il settore forestale  

E-print Network

15-12-2012 1 La green economy: scelte concrete per il settore forestale sulla base delle esperienze della presentazione 1. Rio+20: verso una green economy 2. Settore forestale italiano: una green economy conclusive Slides disponibili in: www.tesaf.unipd.it/pettenella/ 1. Rio+20: verso una green economy Rio+20

Pettenella, Davide

238

On the improvement of marine circular economy legislation in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The progress of marine circular economy legislation in China should be guaranteed by corresponding legal system. But with the unestablished mode of current Marine Circular Economy Legislation in China as well as the unsound laws and regulations, the existing legislation cannot adjust to the development pace of marine economy. Therefore, it's a must to improve our marine circular economy legislation

Quan Yongbo

2010-01-01

239

United States import safety, environmental health, and food safety regulation in China.  

PubMed

China boasts a rapidly growing economy and is a leading food exporter. Since China has dominated world export markets in food, electronics, and toys, many safety concerns about Chinese exports have emerged. For example, many countries have had problems with Chinese food products and food-processing ingredients. Factors behind food safety and environmental health problems in China include poor industrial waste management, the use of counterfeit agricultural inputs, inadequate training of farmers on good farm management practices, and weak food safety laws and poor enforcement. In the face of rising import safety problems, the U.S. is now requiring certification of products and foreign importers, pursuing providing incentives to importers who uphold good safety practices, and considering publicizing the names of certified importers. PMID:22329206

Nyambok, Edward O; Kastner, Justin J

2012-01-01

240

Comments at a Symposium to Discuss the Planned Economy as Primary and the Market Economy as Supplementary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently Comrade Chen Yun has repeatedly raised the important question of maintaining the planned economy as primary. Socialism should stress the planned economy at all times. Long ago Marx and Engels explained from a theoretical perspective that socialism is bound to implement a planned economy, that is, to implement conscious regulation of the economy on the basis of public ownership

Liu Guoguang

1993-01-01

241

Education and the Economy: Boosting Rhode Island's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

242

Education and the Economy: Boosting Oregon's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

243

An entropic framework for modeling economies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop an information-theoretic framework for economic modeling. This framework is based on principles of entropic inference that are designed for reasoning on the basis of incomplete information. We take the point of view of an external observer who has access to limited information about broad macroscopic economic features. We view this framework as complementary to more traditional methods. The economy is modeled as a collection of agents about whom we make no assumptions of rationality (in the sense of maximizing utility or profit). States of statistical equilibrium are introduced as those macrostates that maximize entropy subject to the relevant information codified into constraints. The basic assumption is that this information refers to supply and demand and is expressed in the form of the expected values of certain quantities (such as inputs, resources, goods, production functions, utility functions and budgets). The notion of economic entropy is introduced. It provides a measure of the uniformity of the distribution of goods and resources. It captures both the welfare state of the economy as well as the characteristics of the market (say, monopolistic, concentrated or competitive). Prices, which turn out to be the Lagrange multipliers, are endogenously generated by the economy. Further studies include the equilibrium between two economies and the conditions for stability. As an example, the case of the nonlinear economy that arises from linear production and utility functions is treated in some detail.

Caticha, Ariel; Golan, Amos

2014-08-01

244

Creativity Economy and a Crisis of the Economy? Coevolution of Knowledge, Innovation, and Creativity, and of the Knowledge Economy and Knowledge Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we define conceptually the “creativity economy” and suggest a model that interrelates creativity, knowledge,\\u000a and innovation economies. The “creativity economy” surpasses earlier concepts of the “creative economy” (creative industries,\\u000a creative occupations). We discuss patterns of a complex dialectic and cyclical interaction between phenomena of a crisis and\\u000a creative and\\/or innovative activities. Economic growth stimulates investments in innovation

Igor N. Dubina; Elias G. Carayannis; David F. J. Campbell

2012-01-01

245

Oil and the U.S. Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To understand the importance of oil, and its role in the dire condition of the global economy--a planetary emergency--three separate issues must be considered: * The condition of the oil supply and its impact on demand * The relationship of the oil supply to the economy * Some thoughts on needed policy changes All three of these matter. If oil is cheap and abundant, then the global economy can prosper, at least in the sense that oil will not be a binding constraint on economic activity. In such a case, a moderately pro-oil policy should be adequate, to the extent that CO2 is not judged a threat to the climate. On the other hand, if the oil supply is struggling to expand, the available substitutes for oil-based transportation fuels are few, and global growth depends on the increased mobility of people and goods, then oil does indeed matter. The article will argue this latter position.

Kopits, Steven

2014-07-01

246

An inquiry into the household economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The value of the time which people devote to each activity of their lives is compared with the money they spend on the activity. After tax wage rates are used to value an individual's time. The enormous size of the household economy and the fact that for most activities the value of the consumer's time devoted to an activity exceeds the money expenditures on the activity, suggest that there are many opportunities for productivity improvements in the household economy which have been overlooked in most traditional thinking on productivity.

Samuelson, R. D.

1979-01-01

247

A strategic approach to a green economy.  

PubMed

The crash has happened and we face dual market failures: climate change and the greatest economic crisis of our lifetimes. American labor believes that we must have a strategic approach to greening the economy centered on domestic investment in new technologies, the creation of good jobs, and leading a shared international response to both these issues. The nay-sayers are the same financial and industrial interests that advised the world economy into chaos. Their advice to us is more of the same: no rules, no regulations, free markets, and free trade. But now is the time for real change. PMID:19608514

Trumka, Richard L

2009-01-01

248

Centre for the Study of African Economies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A research center within the Institute of Economics and Statistics, University of Oxford, the Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) applies macroeconomic and microeconomic methods to African sociological, demographic, and political contexts. Selected abstracts and working papers from 1993 to present are available on topics ranging from central bank policy to health, crop choice, wages, and unemployment (.pdf format). In addition, users may browse the abstracts and tables of contents of articles from the CSAE publication The Journal of African Economies from 1996 to present.

249

Medication Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1999 landmark report by the Institute of Medicine, ''To Err is Human,'' increasing attention has been directed toward patient safety in the United States, and in fact world wide. This report estimated that approxi- mately 44,000 to 98,000 patients die annually as a result of errors in the care received, and that more than a million patients are

Carol A. Keohane; David W. Bates

2008-01-01

250

Online Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes provisions of Children's Internet Protection Act, which school districts are required to implement on or before October 31, 2001, involving the development and public dissemination of federally mandated Internet-safety policy to prevent minors from accessing inappropriate and harmful material. Provides suggestions to protect children…

Levine, Elliott

2001-01-01

251

Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Employee Safety  

E-print Network

Business 14 Electrical Safety 15 Ergonomics 16 Fire Safety 16 Forklift Trucks 17 Hazard Communication 18Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Employee Safety Page 1 To our University an environment for students, faculty, staff, and visitors that will not adversely affect their health and safety

de Lijser, Peter

252

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety  

E-print Network

Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Golf carts are utilized on campus for groundskeepers, observe all traffic laws. Ensure other drivers see you before proceeding. · Remain seated and keep arms

Pawlowski, Wojtek

253

77 FR 50923 - Safety Zone; Jet Express Triathlon, Sandusky Bay, Lake Erie, Lakeside, OH  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...entitled Safety Zones: Jet Express Triathlon, Sandusky...jumping off the ferry boat JET EXPRESS II at the designated...that it will have minimal impact on the economy, will...significant environmental impact from this rule. List...T09-0072 Safety Zone; Jet Express Triathlon,...

2012-08-23

254

Safety, Security & Fire Report  

E-print Network

Marshal's Office Fire Safety Policies Fire Log Student Housing Fire Safety Systems Index Cover Photo Civilian Supervisors, Community Service Officers, Public Safety Officers, Special Events Patrol, Foothills

Straight, Aaron

255

Laboratory Safety General Safety Rules  

E-print Network

and proper use of emergency showers, fire extinguishers, and eye wash stations. · Avoid inhaling chemical items into the laboratory. · Do not leave experiments in progress unattended without authorization persons working with chemicals that could be splashed in the eyes are required to wear safety goggles

Campbell, A. Malcolm

256

The BP Oil Spill: Economy versus Ecology  

E-print Network

The BP Oil Spill: Economy versus Ecology By Carolyn Merchant University of California, Berkeley. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill on April 20, 2010 is a striking example of the conflict between two sciences the oikos. In response to the 1969 Union Oil spill in Santa Barbara, California, thousands of demonstrators

Merchant, Carolyn

257

Selling sex in the shadow economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine, from a global macro perspective, the relationships between commercial sex, regulatory system and shadow economies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on eight years of research in the sex industries and literature from other sources that explore the nuances of the economic and social organisation of the sex markets in different countries. Findings –

Teela Sanders

2008-01-01

258

Efficient Lending in Village Economies1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Unlike previous research that compares specific lending schemes, this paper investigates efficient lending in village economies. Villagers typically share information that an outside lender does not possess. If villagers can write complete side contracts, individual loans and joint liability loans both deliver the efficient outcome. If villagers cannot enforce any side contracts, the effi- cient mechanism is a cross

Ashok S. Rai

259

Wage Inequality in a Dual Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents necessary and sufficient conditions for unambiguous changes in wage inequality in a dual economy, based on analysis of the entire Lorenz curve. These conditions are then used to analyze the distributional consequences of various types of economic growth. In particular, it is shown that capital accumulation or technical progress in agriculture is likely to reduce wage inequality,

Jonathan Temple

2002-01-01

260

The "Celtic Tiger" and a Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last two decades, Ireland has proactively marketed its educated workforce, its favourable corporate tax rates, membership of the European common market, and other advantages, to multinational technology corporations. The resulting foreign direct investment in high-tech manufacturing operations has driven a booming Irish economy that has…

Crawley, Gerard M.; O'Sullivan, Eoin

2006-01-01

261

THE IMPACT OF KNAPWEED ON MONTANA'S ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic impact of three invasive, exotic weeds--diffuse, spotted, and Russian knapweed (Centaurea diffusa, C. maculosa, and Acroptilon repens)--on Montana's economy was estimated using a procedure developed for another invasive weed species. Published data and that from a survey of county weed boards were used to estimate direct negative impacts of over $14 million annually due to infestation of over

Steven A. Hirsch; Jay A. Leitch

1996-01-01

262

Ringvorlesung Gender Studies: Gender Economies Gender Cultures  

E-print Network

Ringvorlesung Gender Studies: Gender Economies ­ Gender Cultures www.uni-siegen.de/gender Sabine Lebenskonzepten -Klausur- Bei Fragen und Anregungen können Sie sich gerne bei uns melden: gender@uni-siegen.de Weitere Informationen erhalten Sie auch auf unserer Homepage www.uni-siegen.de/gender ! Wintersemester

Siegen, Universität

263

Income Inequality, Global Economy and the State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigate interrelationship among income inequality, global economy and the role of the state using an unbalanced panel data set with 311 observations on 60 countries, dated from 1970 to 1994. The analysis proceeds in two stages. First, we test for effects on income inequality of variables characterizing the situation of a society in the…

Lee, Cheol-Sung; Nielsen, Francois; Alderson, Arthur S.

2007-01-01

264

Essays and Experiments in Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation presents three papers that can be generally categorized as political economy. Though they differ in topic and methodology, a unifying theme is accountability. The first two papers focus on political accountability and the factors that influence a voter’s decision to hold representatives responsible for their choices. Such factors include seniority advantage, information, and pork barrel spending. The third

Cortney Stephen Rodet

2011-01-01

265

Organizational transformation in the digital economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work sets the vision for organizational transformation that will secure competitive advantage in the digital economy, as the border between society-market-organization becomes more permeated to facilitate new types of assemblages of dasiameshworkspsila within and across organizational boundaries. We argue that network technologies are feeding the emergence of architectures of participation, protocols of collaboration and the development of new concepts

Mihaela Ulieru; John Verdon

2009-01-01

266

Causal modeling of knowledge-based economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show how research on knowledge-based economy (KBE) has increased noticeably in recent years. However, while some literature is available on construct model and validity analysis, little information is available on causal model. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This work used the Knowledge Assessment Scorecards of World Bank, applying the linear structural relation model to

Chih-Kai Chen

2008-01-01

267

Apparel Graduate Course Focuses on Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students at all levels of study must understand the impact and consequences of globalization. Because of technology innovations, integration of world economies through trade and cash flows, and the movement of people from one location to another, the world is becoming flatter. Based on this growing need to study globalization, a graduate course,…

Warnock, Mary M.

2006-01-01

268

Universities, Regional Policy and the Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the spatial clustering dimension of new information and communications technology (ICT)-driven economic activity based on knowledge industries and especially the tacit knowledge synergies to be achieved through networking in geographical space. The article first details the new knowledge economy, reviewing claims made for…

Peters, Michael A.; May, Tim

2004-01-01

269

Informal Insurance Arrangements in Village Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work on consumption allocations in village economies finds that idiosyncratic variation in consumption is systematically related to idiosyncratic variation in income, thus rejecting the hypothesis of full risk-pooling. We attempt to explain these observations by adding limited commitment as an impediment to risk-pooling. We provide a general dynamic model and completely characterise efficient informal insurance arrangements constrained by limited

Ethan Ligon; Jonathan P. Thomas; Tim Worrall

1997-01-01

270

Awareness and AIDS: A Political Economy Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple political economy model that explains two major puzzles of government policies to combat HIV\\/AIDS epidemic: the lack of policy response in many countries where the epidemic is massive and the reversal of the downward trend in HIV prevalence in the countries that have adopted early agressive prevention campaigns. The model builds on the assumption that the

Gani Aldashev; Jean-Marie Baland

2008-01-01

271

Your Institution in a Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author offers his reflections on the American economy and its "slow, gradual, and tedious" recovery. What the American people are experiencing now is not one of the ordinary recessions that have been experienced since World War II. What they have seen is a bursting of a bubble in the credit markets and in financial…

Freund, William

2009-01-01

272

The Political Economy of National Security.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course offered on the political economy of national security. Discusses the objective of the course as the introduction of major economic issues associated with national security. Outlines lecture topics, course readings, and class format. Evaluates course weaknesses and strengths. Includes course assignments and requirements. (RW)

Kapstein, Ethan B.

1990-01-01

273

Technology transfer to the broader economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Approaches to the transfer of government-funded civil space technology to the broader commercial economy were addressed by Working Panel no. 4. Some of the problems related to current strategies for technology transfer and recommendations for new approaches are described in outline form.

Dyer, Gordon; Clark, Robert

1992-01-01

274

New directions for stochastic open economy models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper develops a simple stochastic new open economy macroeconomic model based on sticky nominal wages. Explicit solution of the wage-setting problem under uncertainty allows one to analyze the effects of the monetary regime on welfare, expected output, and the expected terms of trade. Despite the potential interplay between imperfections due to sticky wages and monopoly, the optimal monetary policy

Maurice Obstfeld; Kenneth Rogoff

2000-01-01

275

Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using various methods, the size of the shadow economy in 76 developing, transition, and OECD countries is estimated. Average size varies from 12 percent of GDP for OECD countries, to 23 percent for transition countries and 39 percent for developing countries. Increasing taxation and social security contributions combined with rising state regulations are driving forces for the increase of the

Friedrich Schneider; Dominik H. Enste

2000-01-01

276

Dynamics of Open Economy Business Cycle Models: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the dynamic implications of different preference formulations in open economy business cycle models with incomplete asset markets. In particular, we study two preference formulations: a time separable preference formulation with a fixed discount factor, and a time non-separable preference structure with an endogenous discount factor. We analyze the moment implications of two versions of an otherwise identical

Sunghyun Henry Kim; M. Ayhan Kose

2003-01-01

277

Evolution of the New Economy Business Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earlier version of this paper is forthcoming in Eric Brousseau and Nicolas Curien, eds., The Economics of the Internet, Cambridge University Press. I am currently elaborating and detailing the arguments made here in a book for the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, tentatively entitled, The New Economy Business Model and Sustainable Prosperity: The Future of High-Tech Employment

William Lazonick

2005-01-01

278

Motivation in academic life: a prestige economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of performance-related pay into universities in recent years implies a belief that academic behaviours are modified by money. However, many valued academic activities are poorly paid or not paid at all. Clearly other factors are at work. Academic motivation and new working patterns are explored using the literature. An anthropological term ‘prestige economy’ is defined and located as

Paul Blackmore; Camille B. Kandiko

2011-01-01

279

Fuel economy of hybrid fuel cell vehicles.  

SciTech Connect

The potential improvement in fuel economy of a mid-size fuel-cell vehicle by combining it with an energy storage system has been assessed. An energy management strategy is developed and used to operate the direct hydrogen, pressurized fuel-cell system in a load-following mode and the energy storage system in a charge-sustaining mode. The strategy places highest priority on maintaining the energy storage system in a state where it can supply unanticipated boost power when the fuel-cell system alone cannot meet the power demand. It is found that downsizing a fuel-cell system decreases its efficiency on a drive cycle which is compensated by partial regenerative capture of braking energy. On a highway cycle with limited braking energy the increase in fuel economy with hybridization is small but on the stop-and-go urban cycle the fuel economy can improve by 27%. On the combined highway and urban drive cycles the fuel economy of the fuel-cell vehicle is estimated to increase by up to 15% by hybridizing it with an energy storage system.

Ahluwalia, R.; Wang, X.; Rousseau, A.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2004-01-01

280

Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency  

E-print Network

............................................................................1035 We might say that today, especially in the United States, we are experiencing the painful effects of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe as consumers, life as management, and children as investments. The success of neoliberal visions of law

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

281

What Does the Economy Bode for Fundraising?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the United States economy on a rollercoaster ride this year and words like "meltdown," "bailout," and "crisis" commonly used in recent weeks in connection with the financial markets, college and university administrators might find themselves becoming increasingly anxious about their fundraising plans. They needn't be, according to several…

Bourbon, Julie

2008-01-01

282

Facing the Challenges of a Turbulent Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As college presidents face the challenges of a turbulent and uncertain economy, they are working to assess the impacts on their strategic financial positions and to develop response plans that reflect their institutional missions and values. How can college presidents navigate during these difficult economic times as they seek to hold on to the…

Gann, Pamela B.

2009-01-01

283

Trends in Alaska's People and Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides data on Alaska's population, economy, health, education, government, and natural resources, including specific information on Alaska Natives. Since 1960, Alaska's population has tripled and become more diverse, more stable, older, less likely to be male or married, and more concentrated. About 69 percent of the population…

Leask, Linda; Killorin, Mary; Martin, Stephanie

284

The Economy of a Lucky Country.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia has one of the highest standards of living in the world. Agriculture, grazing, and mining are the mainstays of the country's economy. Since the end of World War II, Australia has developed an advanced industrial base that manufactures a wide range of goods, from automobiles to clothespins. (RM)

Thomas, Tony

1984-01-01

285

The Information Economy--A European Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a European perspective, this paper focuses on a set of issues affecting the emerging information economy. Among the issues covered are: developing a means of measuring the value of information and knowledge; studying other institutions such as the United States Department of Defense and the United States venture capital industry which are…

Wilmot, R.

286

KazaKhstan and theworld economy  

E-print Network

accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) for twelve years. Long accession processes have not beenKazaKhstan and theworld economy: an assessment of Kazakhstan's trade policy and pending accession of trade policy, with a distinctive constitutional, classical-liberal defence of free trade drawn from his

287

The Oxford Handbook of the Digital Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic analysis of the digital economy has been a rapidly developing research area for more than a decade. Through authoritative examination by leading scholars, this Handbook takes a closer look at particular industries, business practices, and policy issues associated with the digital industry. The volume offers an up-to-date account of key topics, discusses open questions, and provides guidance for

Martin Peitz; Joel Waldfogel

288

BRINGING AROUND REAL CHANGE JOBS. ECONOMY. ENVIRONMENT.  

E-print Network

BRINGING AROUND REAL CHANGE JOBS. ECONOMY. ENVIRONMENT. INNOVATIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY FINANCE stewardship of public resources BENEFIT LOCAL COMMUNITY THROUGH JOB CREATION BENEFITS OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY emissions from atmosphere Create 45,000 new jobs and $7.5B in economic stimulus Build a truly great

California at Davis, University of

289

A Political Economy Model of Congressional Careers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories in political economy depend critically on assumptions about motivations of politicians. Our analysis starts from the premise that politicians, like other economic agents, are rational individuals who make career decisions by comparing the expected returns of alternative choices. The main goal of the paper is to quantify the returns to a career in the United States Congress. To achieve

Daniel Diermeier; Michael Keane; Antonio Merlo

2004-01-01

290

A Political Economy Model of Congressional Careers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories in political economy depend critically on assumptions about motivations of politicians. Our analysis starts from the premise that politicians, like other economic agents, are rational individuals who make career decisions by comparing the expected returns of alternative choices. The main goal of the paper is to quantify the returns to a career in the United States Congress. To achieve

Daniel Diermeier; Michael P. Keane; Antonio M. Merlo

2002-01-01

291

Leading Indicator: New England's Higher Education Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In few places is higher education so ingrained in a region's economic vitality as in New England. Students from all over the world enroll in New England's institutions of learning and research, bringing resources to finance their education and living expenses that reverberate throughout local and state economies. Human capital-based industries…

Mortenson, Thomas G.

2003-01-01

292

Monetary Policy for Inattentive Economies Laurence Ball  

E-print Network

about the effects of alternative policies. This paper tries to make progress toward determining whichMonetary Policy for Inattentive Economies Laurence Ball Johns Hopkins University N. Gregory Mankiw of optimal monetary policy. It begins with a critical assessment of the existing literature, arguing

Niebur, Ernst

293

Perpetual methane economy: is it possible  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating a perpetual methane economy and perpetuating the natural gas industry as a marketer of methane lies in converting to substitute natural gas (SNG), a major source of continuously renewable nonfossil carbon, the biomass produced by photosynthesis. This is technically reasonable. The technology of converting nonfossil, renewable carbon to methane reduces itself to two major acititivies: growth of biomass, which

Klass

1974-01-01

294

Dynamic model and control of mixed economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lagging economy and high inflation of recent years can be quantitatively explained by a dynamic model which is based on well known structural equations and equations on price and wage reflecting collective bargaining and limited monopoly. Using the dynamic model, the effects of various economic policies are studied.

S. S. L. Chang; T. K. C. Peng

1971-01-01

295

The Political Economy of Kenya's Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using political economy analysis, this paper discusses three precipitating factors that were ignited by Kenya's 2007 election, which was too close to call beforehand and highly contested afterwards. These factors were: the gradual loss of the state's monopoly of legitimate force and the consequent diffusion of violence; the deliberate weakening of institutions outside the executive in favour of personalized presidential

Susanne D. Mueller

2008-01-01

296

The Economy of the Early Roman Empire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many inhabitants of ancient Rome lived well. Tourists marvel at the temples, baths, roads and aqueducts that they built. Economists also want to understand the existence of a flourishing and apparently prosperous economy two millennia ago. Market institutions and a stable government appear to have been the combination that produced this remarkable result. This essay provides an economist's view of

Peter Temin

2006-01-01

297

Building New York City's Innovation Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic research institutions have long been important economic anchors for New York City. They provide thousands of jobs and serve as a magnet for talented students and faculty, who inject hundreds of millions of dollars into the local economy through federal research grants. Yet, even though New York's concentration of top-fight scientific…

O'Grady, Jim; Bowles, Jonathan

2009-01-01

298

A robust rural economy in 2006?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural America will remember 2005 as a year of drought, hurricanes, and surging gas prices. To be sure, some regions of the country faced devastating natural catastrophes. Yet, these catastrophes did not stop the farm sector from posting another banner income year—nor did they stop the nonfarm sectors from enjoying solid gains in employment and income. Overall, the rural economy

Jason Henderson

2006-01-01

299

The Learning Region between Pedagogy and Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic growth is stimulated through learning. In "the learning economies" of those European regions that chose to develop their human and intellectual capital wisely, benefits have been visible. But this is a one-dimensional outlook in a multi-dimensional world. A "Learning Region" is an entirely different entity, pooling and mobilising its…

Piazza, Roberta

2010-01-01

300

Employment Policy in the Global Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue on employment policy in the global economy looks at macroeconomic policies and employment, institutional requirements for full employment, the world trade system, foreign investment, the marginalism of Africa, productivity enhancing policies, influence of information and communication technology, industrialized countries, and…

Lee, Eddy; And Others

1995-01-01

301

Library Automation in a Difficult Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The downturn in the economy has taken its toll on libraries. Even in the best of times, most libraries have to work with budgets that are barely adequate to support their essential activities. In these recent months, the recession has subtracted significant funds from the parent organizations of many libraries: city, county, and state governments;…

Breeding, Marshall

2009-01-01

302

The new economy: an engineer's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

From his twin perspectives as a career-long telecommunications engineer and Chairman of one of the UK's largest electronics companies, Sir David Brown will reflect on whether and when the New Economy, seemingly so long coming, will finally arrive. He will begin by exploring how the prospect of everything being digital; everyone having broadband; and intelligence being everywhere is changing our

David Brown

2006-01-01

303

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS  

E-print Network

Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS · Safety glasses with side shields distance away from moving machine parts, work pieces, and cutters. · Use hand tools for their designed to oil, clean, adjust, or repair any machine while it is running. Stop the machine and lock the power

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

304

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

305

Abraham Lincoln and the global economy.  

PubMed

Abraham Lincoln would have well understood the challenges facing many modern emerging nations. In Lincoln's America, as in many developing nations today, sweeping economic change threatened older industries, traditional ways of living, and social and national cohesion by exposing economies and societies to new and powerful competitive forces. Yet even in the midst of the brutal and expensive American Civil war--and in part because of it--Lincoln and the Republican Congress enacted bold legislation that helped create a huge national market, a strong and unified economy governed by national institutions, and a rising middle class of businessmen and property owners. Figuring out how to maximize the benefits of globalization while minimizing its disruptions is a formidable challenge for policy makers. How do you expand opportunities for the talented and the lucky while making sure the rest of society doesn't fall behind? It may be helpful to look at the principles that informed the policies that Lincoln and the Republican Congress instituted after they came to power in 1861: Facilitate the upward mobility of low- and middle-income groups to give them a significant stake in the country. Emphasize the good of the national economy over regional interests. Affirm the need for sound government institutions to temper the dynamics of the free enterprise system. Tailor policies to the national situation. Realize that a period of turmoil may present a unique opportunity for reform. These principles drove the reforms that helped Americans cope with and benefit from rapid technological advances and the fast integration of the American economy in the nineteenth century. They may be instructive to today's policy makers who are struggling to help their own citizens integrate into the fast-changing global economy of the twenty-first century. PMID:12884668

Hormats, Robert D

2003-08-01

306

Thriving locally in the global economy.  

PubMed

More and more small and midsize companies are joining corporate giants in striving to exploit international growth markets. At the same time, civic leaders worry about their communities' economic future in light of the impact of global forces on the operation and survival of business. How can communities retain local vitality yet still link their business to the global economy? Harvard professor Rosabeth Moss Kanter addresses that question in this classic HBR article, orginally published in 1995. To avoid a clash between international economic interests and local political interests, globalizing business must learn how to be responsive to the communities in which they operate, Kanter says. And communities must determine how to create a civic culture that will attract and retain footloose companies. The author surveyed five U.S. regions with direct connections to the global economy--Boston, Cleveland, Miami, Seattle, and the Spartanburg-Greenville region of South Carolina--to determine their business and civic leader's strategies for improving their constituent's quality of life. She identified ways in which the global economy can work locally by capitalizing on the resources that distinguish one place from another. Kanter argues that regions can invest in capabilities that connect their local populations to the global economy in one of three ways: as thinkers, makers, or traders. She points to the Spartanburg-Greenville region as a good example of a world-class makers, with its exceptional blue-collar workforce that has attracted more than 200 companies from 18 countries. The history of the economic development of this region is a lesson for those seeking to understand how to achieve world-class status and bring local residents into the world economy. PMID:12884672

Kanter, Rosabeth Moss

2003-08-01

307

Safety valve  

DOEpatents

The safety valve contains a resilient gland to be held between a valve seat and a valve member and is secured to the valve member by a sleeve surrounding the end of the valve member adjacent to the valve seat. The sleeve is movable relative to the valve member through a limited axial distance and a gap exists between said valve member and said sleeve.

Bergman, Ulf C. (Malmoe, SE)

1984-01-01

308

ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module -Session 1 1 ESD.70J Engineering Economy  

E-print Network

J Engineering Economy Module - Session 1 11 Human (in-)ability to forecast Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible. Lord Kelvin ­ British Mathematician, Physicist, and President of the British Royal

Entekhabi, Dara

309

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Department of Occupational Health and Safety Revised December 2009 #12;Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management System 1. Introduction.............................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Management of Health and Safety

310

Safety and Liability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of five articles highlights Pensacola Junior College's occupational safety course, involving simulated emergencies, Florida's standards for teacher liability, electrical safety in the classroom and laboratory, color coding for machine safety, and Florida industrial arts safety instructional materials. (SK)

Berthelot, Ronald J.; And Others

1982-01-01

311

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH  

E-print Network

MARYLAND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH ACT safety and health protection on the job STATE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS, AND OTHER APPLICABLE REGULATIONS MAY BE OBTAINED FROM Complaints about State Program administration may be made to Regional Administrator, Occupational Safety

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

312

49 CFR 525.11 - Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. 525...exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. ...this part or to amend an alternative average fuel economy standard...

2010-10-01

313

75 FR 55739 - Cybersecurity, Innovation and the Internet Economy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0660-XA18 Cybersecurity, Innovation and the Internet Economy AGENCY: National Telecommunications...SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce's Internet Policy Task Force announces that the...commercial sector and innovation in the Internet economy has been extended until 5...

2010-09-14

314

Aspects of the political economy of development and synthetic biology  

E-print Network

What implications might synthetic biology’s potential as a wholly new method of production have for the world economy, particularly developing countries? Theories of political economy predict that synthetic biology can ...

Wellhausen, Rachel

315

PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy  

E-print Network

4/23/2009 Present PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy May 27's future economy and workforce will be affected by new initiatives such as development and implementation

Gilchrist, James F.

316

76 FR 34965 - Cybersecurity, Innovation, and the Internet Economy  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cybersecurity, Innovation, and the Internet Economy AGENCY: Office of the Secretary...Department of Commerce's (Department) Internet Policy Task Force is conducting a comprehensive...between cybersecurity and innovation in the Internet economy. On July 28, 2010, the...

2011-06-15

317

HOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

E-print Network

for a 1 MPG Increase in Fuel Economy by Vehicle Class .........................................................................................................30 5 Annual Estimates of the hedonic Value of a 1 MPG Increase in Fuel Economy and the Percent

318

Proposed Revisions to Light Truck Fuel Economy Standard (released in AEO2006)  

EIA Publications

In August 2005, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published proposed reforms to the structure of CAFE standards for light trucks and increases in light truck Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for model years 2008 through 201. Under the proposed new structure, NHTSA would establish minimum fuel economy levels for six size categories defined by the vehicle footprint (wheelbase multiplied by track width), as summarized in Table 3. For model years 2008 through 2010, the new CAFE standards would provide manufacturers the option of complying with either the standards defined for each individual footprint category or a proposed average light truck fleet standard of 22.5 miles per gallon in 2008, 23.1 miles per gallon in 2009, and 23.5 miles per gallon in 2010. All light truck manufacturers would be required to meet an overall standard based on sales within each individual footprint category after model year 2010.

2006-01-01

319

HEALTH, SAFETY & INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

reporting � DSE Assessments � Risk Assessments � Electrical Safety #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING POLICYHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING NEW STAFF INDUCTION #12;INTRODUCTION � University Health, Safety and Wellbeing Policy � The role of the Health & Safety Office � School/Unit Health & Safety Management

Sussex, University of

320

Environmental Health & Safety  

E-print Network

: Radiological Safety Biological Safety Occupational Health & Safety Laboratory Health and Safety EnvironmentalEnvironmental Health & Safety Sub Department Name 480 Oak Rd, Stanford, CA 94305 T 650.723.0448 F 650.725.3468 DEPUTY DIRECTOR, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Exempt, Full-Time (100% FTE) Posted May

321

Fuel economy screening study of advanced automotive gas turbine engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fuel economy potentials were calculated and compared among ten turbomachinery configurations. All gas turbine engines were evaluated with a continuously variable transmission in a 1978 compact car. A reference fuel economy was calculated for the car with its conventional spark ignition piston engine and three speed automatic transmission. Two promising engine/transmission combinations, using gasoline, had 55 to 60 percent gains over the reference fuel economy. Fuel economy sensitivities to engine design parameter changes were also calculated for these two combinations.

Klann, J. L.

1980-01-01

322

Scope on Safety : Proactive safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Horrifying stories of accidents in the science lab abound. You may think that such accidents could never happen in your lab, but accidents do happen even in the most controlled environments. So, the best thing you can do to protect yourselves and your students is to implement and document proactive safety procedures. The following actions are recommended to reduce accidents in the lab and litigation in the courtroom.

Roy, Ken

2006-01-01

323

The Structure and Future of the Information Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the United States economy and reviews National Income Accounting concepts and evidence about future of an information economy. It is concluded that information economy growth will be in products, not services, and that it will not continue at same rate it has in past. Thirty-six references are cited. (EJS)

Cooper, Michael D.

1983-01-01

324

Economic Impact Report Discovery Science Fuels Economy, Technology, Education  

E-print Network

Economic Impact Report Discovery Science Fuels Economy, Technology, Education Brookhaven National Fuels Economy, Technology, Education2 #12;The Economic Impact of RHIC 3 Brookhaven National Laboratory fields. #12;Discovery Science Fuels Economy, Technology, Education4 Part One: The Impact of RHIC

Ohta, Shigemi

325

Fragmented Economy, Stratified Society, and the Shattered Dream  

E-print Network

educational levels, and huge dropout problems severely damage the state’s society and economy.educational attainment includes persons age 25 years or older. Fragmented Economy,Economy, Stratified Society, and the Shattered Dream December 2011 Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles Education Pays Data shows that educational

Mordechay, Kfir; Orfield, Gary

2011-01-01

326

Opportunity Knocks: Training the Commonwealth's Workers for the New Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current situation regarding training Massachusetts' workers for the new economy was reviewed. Special attention was paid to the following topics: Massachusetts and the skill-centered economy; opportunities for workforce system reform; skills demanded in the new economy; ways other states are building workers' skills; and the fragile setting…

Donahue, John D.; Lynch, Lisa M.; Whitehead, Ralph, Jr.

327

INTER-CONNECTEDNESS IN THE SCOTTISH ECONOMY, 1998-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

The measurement of inter-connectedness in an economy using inputoutput tables is not new, however much of the previous literature has not had any explicit dynamic dimension. Studies have tried to estimate the degree of inter-relatedness for an economy at a given point in time using one inputoutput table, some have compared different economies at a point in time but few

John H. Ll Dewhurst

2010-01-01

328

Political Economies of Health: A Consideration for International Nursing Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces and explores the concept of political economy. In particular it focuses upon the political economy of health while also considering the implications for international nursing studies in the context of health care more generally. Political economy is not only about budgets, resources and policy. It is also about particular…

Peters, Michael A.; Drummond, John S.

2008-01-01

329

The Second Economy of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The second economies of the Soviet Union and other East European countries derive from structural inadequacies in the socialist planning system and from the cultural and historical evolution of each East European society. This article combines the structural and cultural approaches to the second economy and focuses on four of its most prevalent forms: peasant household production, the shadow economy

Steven L. Sampson

1987-01-01

330

PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy  

E-print Network

PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy Date: June 5, 2012 Time: 7:30 am impact your business and regional economy · Processes and programs for moving laboratory technologies in Advancing PA's Economy Agenda 730 Registration and Breakfast 820 Welcome 830 Keynote: TBA 910 Break 925

Gilchrist, James F.

331

THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES Effie Philippakos  

E-print Network

i THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES By Effie Philippakos Alan W. Hodges David Mulkey Charles M. Adams Abstract This report is intended to characterize the economies of Manatee and Sarasota-county region. The overall size and seasonal variations in the economies of Manatee and Sarasota Counties were

Florida, University of

332

THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review  

E-print Network

THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review UNITEDNATIONSENVIRONMENTPROGRAMME #12;Copyright/iStockphoto.com #12;THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review #12;2 Contents Acknowledgements 3 Introduction 4 The Hydrogen Economy and Sustainable Development 6 What is Hydrogen? 6 The Environmental Implications

333

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy  

E-print Network

And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy Bryan Martin, The Colorado Mountain Club #12;Colorado's Recreation Economy The Colorado Mountain Club · 8,000 Members · 14 Chapters's Recreation Economy By the Numbers · $10 Billion Annually · 107,000 Jobs · $500 Million in State Tax Revenue

334

Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy  

E-print Network

1 Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy Sourangsu Banerji Visiting study the effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with respect to India and its economy. We try interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

335

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2012-10-01

336

The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap  

E-print Network

The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap A QuAntitAtive AnAlysis Authors David Roland-Holst Dep-and-trade program--the policy recommended by Governor Crist's Action Team--on the Florida economy over the coming decades. The model looks at the entire Florida economy on an interactive basis over time, and takes

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

337

Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULR *  

E-print Network

1 Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULR� * Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne of the concept of a New Economy. This construct, which first began to appear in the media in the mid-1990s that is associated with it, express an extremely optimistic view of the future of the U.S. economy, and are best

Boyer, Edmond

338

The Initiation of Homeless Youth into the Street Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15-23) were recruited from four community-based…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Gostnell, Karla; Smolenski, Carol; Willis, Brian; Nish, David; Nolan, Theresa C.; Tharaken, Maya; Ritchie, Amanda S.

2009-01-01

339

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2013-10-01

340

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2011-10-01

341

Technology and Innovation in the Service Economyin the Service Economy  

E-print Network

Technology and Innovation in the Service Economyin the Service Economy Irving Wladawsky-Berger irving@irvingwb.com #12;The Changing Nature of Research and Innovation Industrial Economy Information & Service Economy Focus Natural and engineered physical objects People, information and services based

Gabrieli, John

342

2004: A Breakout Year for the New Jersey Economy?  

E-print Network

2004: A Breakout Year for the New Jersey Economy? A s the fourth quarter of 2003 commenced. The broadest measure of the economy's performance, gross domestic product (GDP), grew by an explosive 7 Reserve pushes up interest rates to quell inflation--that kept the economy afloat, supported by a low

343

University and Business Relations: Connecting the Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is commonplace to say that the modern economy is knowledge based but a moment's reflection points to the vacuity of this notion. For all economies are knowledge based and could not be otherwise. The question is rather how is one kind of knowledge based economy to be distinguished from another? This essay proposes that the answer may lie in…

Metcalfe, J. Stanley

2010-01-01

344

ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy  

E-print Network

ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy July 8th - August 9th Yale Summer Session 2013 This course is designed to provide students with an intensive overview of the Chinese economy with focus. Over three decades, the Chinese economy undergone a rapid economic transformation at an unprecedented

345

OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at  

E-print Network

From: OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at: http://dx.doi.org/10 and development", in OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10 of international law. #12;OECD Internet Economy Outlook © OECD 2012 63 Chapter 2 Internet trends and development

Weske, Mathias

346

State of the economy and the prospect for recovery  

E-print Network

State of the economy and the prospect for recovery According to Dr. Ira Kalish, the director of global economics at Deloitte Research, the global economy has "stabilized" somewhat in the first quarter policy in the economy. Although the impact of the federal government stimulus package was debated

Moore, Paul A.

347

42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

2010-10-01

348

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Global Political Economy  

E-print Network

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Global Political Economy programme in Global Political Economy at City University, you will engage in advanced study of various MA degree in global political economy with a mixture of core courses covering general concepts

Weyde, Tillman

349

A G E N D A Fuel Economy &  

E-print Network

A G E N D A Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Seminar SPEAKERS Rich Cregar, Wake Technical Program Jonathan Overly 8:4510:15 ­ Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Technologies & Practices Rich Cregar 10:1510:30 ­ Break 10:3010:55 ­ FuelEconomy.gov & increasing Fuel Efficiency Robert

Tennessee, University of

350

The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL  

E-print Network

The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL Invited Paper This paper economy as a metaphor for effective management of resources and appli- cation scheduling. It identifies distributed resource management challenges and requirements of economy-based Grid systems, and discusses

Abramson, David

351

Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy  

E-print Network

Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy JOHN PEZZEY EEN0203 #12;Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy John C. V. Pezzey Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies Australian National.K. Draft of 23 January 2002 Abstract. Exact optimal paths are calculated for a closed economy with human

Pezzey, Jack

352

Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker*  

E-print Network

Chapter 9 Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker* To appear in: Eckhard-Keynesian macro models for closed economies, the present chapter focuses on extensions of these models the post-Keynesian framework to a global economy that has become much more integrated in the past few

Carlini, David

353

Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy  

E-print Network

Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy Thomas A. Lubik Department supply which is empirically quite small. In principle, this link can be broken in a multisectoral economy sectors. This paper reinterprets this line of reasoning in a small open economy with a traded and a non

Niebur, Ernst

354

Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and  

E-print Network

Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and Information Technology Policy Pamela Samuelson Hal R. Varian of the information technology sector (IT) in the 1980s was an important development for the economy, but it spurred that the 1990's witnessed the emergence of a "New Economy." That term dates back to the 1980's when it referred

Varian, Hal R.

355

The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally  

E-print Network

and Executive Director, Local First Arizona Small Business Owner The economy isn't something far awayThe Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally Wednesday, April 3, 2013 12:00 ­ 1:30 p.m. Wrigley that someone else is going to fix for us--we have the power to turn the economy around. Learn how your own

Hall, Sharon J.

356

The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally  

E-print Network

First Arizona and Small Business Owner The economy isn't something far away that someone else is goingThe Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally Wednesday, September 26, 2012 5:00 ­ 6:30 p to fix for us-- we have the power to turn the economy around. Learn how your own purchasing habits can

Hall, Sharon J.

357

Peculiarity transformation of modern economies (example of Ukraine)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Olena Slozko – PhD, Senior Research Adviser IWEIR NAS Ukraine Peculiarity transformation of modern economies (example of Ukraine) For the transformation of modern economies characterized by two features that impede the integration of world financial markets: first, large scale non-market sectors and relations, and secondly, the low information transparency. Typical is the low level of economy of Ukraine depends on

Olena Slozko

2011-01-01

358

Is Chinese stock market a barometer of macro economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

How macro economy affects the stock market? Whether the stock market is a barometer of macro economy? This paper studies these questions based on the relationship analysis of the Shanghai A share volatility and macro economy. Using Granger causality test and VAR model, it empirically analyzed the relationship between the two series from May 2006 to March 2010. The results

Zhao Yucheng

2011-01-01

359

Growth and the Current Account in a Small Open Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a framework with which to analyze growth in a small economy with perfect capital mobility. Produces a diagrammatic representation of steady states that differs from the usual closed-economy Solow-Swan diagram. Uses the diagrams to compare open economy steady states with closed ones. Illustrate the possibility of endogenous income growth.…

Benge, Matt; Wells, Graeme

2002-01-01

360

Russia’s Home Front, 1914-1922: The Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the main trends of the Russian economy through the Great War (1914 to 1917), Civil War (1918 to 1921), and postwar famine (1921 to 1922) for the general reader. During its Great War mobilization the Russian economy declined, but no more than other continental economies under similar pressures. In contrast, the Civil War inflicted the greatest economic

Mark Harrison; Andrei Markevich

2012-01-01

361

THE ETHICS OF ECONOMIC INTERACTIONS IN THE NETWORK ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rise of the network economy brought about the strong conviction that economic interactions in the network economy could be based on cooperative, informed and transparent communication, which would counteract the negative welfare effects of unequal bargaining power, the opacity of the intentions of the parties, opportunistic behaviors, monopolies and market failures. So the contracts of the network economy nowadays

László Fekete

2006-01-01

362

The Role of Online Travel Agents in the Experience Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our society has evolved through the product economy and the service economy to the experience economy. Due to this fact the value of a travel product, nowadays, is far beyond the goods and services. Experiences are driving the travel industry and make the travel product more and more diverse. Moreover, not only the travel experience itself, but also an experience

Anton Bogdanovych; Marc Esteva; Simeon Simoff; Greg Smith

363

Delivering safety  

SciTech Connect

In the United Kingdom there have been significant recent changes to the management of civil nuclear liabilities. With the formation in April 2005 of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA), ownership of the civil nuclear licensed sites in the UK, including the Magnox Reactor Stations, passed to this new organisation. The NDAs mission is to seek acceleration of the nuclear clean up programme and deliver increased value for money and, consequently, are driving their contractors to seek more innovative ways of performing work. British Nuclear Group manages the UK Magnox stations under contract to the NDA. This paper summarises the approach being taken within its Reactor Sites business to work with suppliers to enhance working arrangements at sites, improve the delivery of decommissioning programmes and deliver improvements in safety and environmental performance. The UK Magnox stations are 1. generation gas-graphite reactors, constructed in the 1950's and 1960's. Two stations are currently still operating, three are shut-down undergoing defueling and the other five are being decommissioned. Despite the distractions of industry restructuring, an uncompromising policy of demanding improved performance in conjunction with improved safety and environmental standards has been adopted. Over the past 5 years, this policy has resulted in step-changes in performance at Reactor Sites, with increased electrical output and accelerated defueling and decommissioning. The improvements in performance have been mirrored by improvements in safety (DACR of 0 at 5 sites); environmental standards (reductions in energy and water consumption, increased waste recycling) and the overall health of the workforce (20% reduction in sickness absence). These achievements have, in turn, been recognised by external bodies, resulting in several awards, including: the world's first ISRS and IERS level 10 awards (Sizewell, 2006), the NUMEX plant maintenance award (Bradwell, 2006), numerous RoSPA awards at site and sector level and nomination, at Company level, for the RoSPA George Earle trophy for outstanding performance in Health and Safety (Reactor Sites, 2006). After 'setting the scene' and describing the challenges that the company has had to respond to, the paper explains how these improvements have been delivered. Specifically it explains the process that has been followed and the parts played by sites and suppliers to deliver improved performance. With the experience of already having transitioned several Magnox stations from operations to defueling and then to decommissioning, the paper describes the valuable experience that has been gained in achieving an optimum change process and maintaining momentum. (authors)

Baldwin, N.D.; Spooner, K.G.; Walkden, P. [British Nuclear Group Ltd, Daresbury, Warrington (United Kingdom)

2007-07-01

364

Safety Grooving  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Safety grooving, the cutting of grooves in concrete to increase traction and prevent injury, was first developed to reduce aircraft accidents on wet runways. Represented by the International Grooving and Grinding Association (IG&GA), the industry expanded into highway and pedestrian applications. The technique originated at Langley, which assisted in testing the grooving at airports and on highways. Skidding was reduced, stopping distance decreased, and a vehicle's cornering ability on curves was increased. The process has been extended to animal holding pens, steps, parking lots and other potentially slippery surfaces.

1985-01-01

365

Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety  

E-print Network

Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety Page 1 of 2 FORM LU-1 Revision 01 1 Information: Department: Building: Room: Lab Phone: #12;Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological safety training and submit this registration to the LSO prior to use of Class 3B or 4 lasers. A copy

Houston, Paul L.

366

Advancing Knowledge and the Knowledge Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The attention paid to the burgeoning "knowledge economy" continues to grow, particularly within the halls of higher education, the federal government, and in the private sector. This past January, the National Science Foundation (in collaboration with other institutions) convened a conference designed "to broaden and deepen common understanding of how difficult-to-measure knowledge resources drive an increasing virtualized economy and to assess prospects for advancing and regenerating knowledge infrastructure, institutions, and policies." While the conference itself is finished, users interested in these themes will appreciate this site, which offers some material about these various issues, along with material on the program itself and the work presented there. After examining these background materials, visitors will want to peruse the draft papers presented at the conference, which deal with networks of knowledge, measuring knowledge, and knowledge clusters.

367

Political economy of tobacco control in Thailand  

PubMed Central

Thailand has some of the world's strongest anti-tobacco legislation. This paper examines the political economy of tobacco control in Thailand, emphasising the identification of forces which have supported and opposed the passage of strong anti-tobacco measures. It argues that while a powerful tobacco control coalition was created in the late 1980s, the gains won by this coalition are now under threat from systematic attempts by transnational tobacco companies to strengthen their share of the Thai cigarette market. The possible privatisation of the Thailand Tobacco Monopoly could threaten the tobacco control cause, but the pro-control alliance is fighting back with a proposed Health Promotion Act which would challenge the tobacco industry with a hypothecated excise tax dedicated to health awareness campaigns.???Keywords: anti-tobacco legislation; political economy; Thailand; transnational tobacco companies PMID:11226361

Chantornvong, S.; McCargo, D.

2001-01-01

368

City of Ideas: Reinventing Boston's Innovation Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Foundation has worked for over a century to improve the lives of Boston-area residents through its investigations into the housing market, economic development, and the future of public schools. This 56-page report on Boston's innovation economy was released in March 2012, and it looks into how Boston will remain competitive in a range of 21st century industries over the coming years. In the introduction to the work, Paul S. Grogan, CEO of The Boston Foundation, notes that "Macro-economic trends have not been kind to households on the low end of the economic ladder" and "Our second challenge is the degree to which rising health care costs have outpaced our investment in education." Moving on, curious readers will find chapters in the paper titled "A New Paradigm for Boston's Innovation Economy" and "Possible Scenarios for Boston in 2030." Public policy types and others will find this work to be quite interesting and thought-provoking.

2012-03-14

369

A Glossary of Political Economy Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Authored by Paul M. Johnson, political scientist at Auburn University, this Website serves as an excellent online reference for students of political economy. There are over 200 definitions here of relevant terms, including capitalism, communism, market economy, tariff, supply side economics, law of supply and demand, macroeconomics, and many more. The entries feature hypertext links to related terms in the glossary. Definitions range from a concise sentence to a brief essay depending on the topic. Communism, for instance, receives well over a full frame; capitalism is defined in a few sentences. Nonetheless, the definitions seem to be without any definite political bias and more-than-adequate for students in high school and undergraduate courses as well as, of course, for the merely curious.

Johnson, Paul M.

2007-04-21

370

A Glossary of Political Economy Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Authored by Paul M. Johnson, political scientist at Auburn University, this Website serves as an excellent online reference for students of political economy. There are over 200 definitions here of relevant terms, including capitalism, communism, market economy, tariff, supply side economics, law of supply and demand, macroeconomics, and many more. The entries feature hypertext links to related terms in the glossary. Definitions range from a concise sentence to a brief essay depending on the topic. Communism, for instance, receives well over a full frame; capitalism is defined in a few sentences. Nonetheless, the definitions seem to be without any definite political bias and more-than-adequate for students in high school and undergraduate courses as well as, of course, for the merely curious.

Johnson, Paul M.

1994-01-01

371

The token economy: an evaluative review1  

PubMed Central

Token economies have been applied in a wide range of settings. While there are several advantages to the use of this procedure, there are obstacles that may impede its implementation and therapeutic efficacy. These include: staff training, client resistance, circumvention of the contingencies, and non-responsiveness of subjects. Studies employing token programs with psychiatric patients, retardates, children in classroom settings, delinquents, and autistic children are reviewed. Although token economies are successful while in operation, the issue of generalization of behavior gains or resistance to extinction has not been given careful consideration. Inasmuch as generalization is perhaps the most crucial issue, several procedures are presented that are designed to facilitate maintenance of performance when reinforcement is withdrawn. Methodological suggestions for investigations on token reinforcement in applied settings are presented. PMID:16795358

Kazdin, Alan E.; Bootzin, Richard R.

1972-01-01

372

Comparative economics: evolution and the modern economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparative economics—the description and underlying explanation of human and nonhuman variations on the relationship between\\u000a life and its environment—seeks to discover how and to what extent the limitations that apply to some living systems can be\\u000a overcome in others, including our own economy. It is founded on four phenomena, which collectively explain how life and its\\u000a economic structures arise, how

Geerat J. Vermeij

2009-01-01

373

The Evolution of the Knowledge Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper revisits the definition of the knowledge economy (Beck, 1992) and investi- gates changes in knowledge-based industries between 1991 and 2001. Using the General Edu- cational Development Reasoning (GEDR) scale (1-6), non-farm industries were classified as higher knowledge-based industries (GEDR level ? 5). The 2001 U.S. national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates data were analyzed to identify knowledge-

Hanas A. Cader

2008-01-01

374

Maintaining Financial Stability in a Global Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has made available the papers presented at the "Maintaining Financial Stability in a Global Economy" symposium. The aim of the symposium is to explore "options for public authorities in adapting policies to keep financial systems safe and efficient, and to discuss response mechanisms to financial crises." The papers presented here look at the causes of financial instability, why policymakers should be concerned about financial instability, lessons from recent financial crises, and policies for maintaining financial stability.

1997-01-01

375

Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks  

E-print Network

, WTO, business cycles, exchange rates ________________ † Bown: Development Research Group, Trade and International Integration (DECTI); The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, MSN MC3-303, Washington, DC 20433 USA. tel: +1.202.473.9588, fax: +1... import restrictions increased more than 50 percent between 2007 and 2010 alone. 3 Finally, Bown (2011) finds that many of the G20 emerging economies also in our sample – including Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa...

Bown, Chad P.; Crowley, Meredith A.

2014-05-09

376

Factors Affecting Informal Economy of Rural Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, the informal economy in the rural areas of Turkey has been measured and factors affecting the informal economy have been analyzed. The informal economy has been discussed with regards to three main issues, namely unpaid household labor force usage, own consumption of crop and animal products and informal sales. Although the household labor force is mainly used in farms for agricultural and off-farm activities, the rate of idle labor has been found to be highly significant. It has been found that milk has the largest share of animal produce values consumed by the household, while particularly processed milk products are sold informally and that the consumption and sales values of animal produce processed in the households are required to be added to the unrecorded value calculation. Consumption of crops varies depending on the type of product. The own consumption ratio of crops is affected by the size of the enterprise, the number of individuals in the households and particularly the access to the markets of the enterprises in each region. An average informal value of 6,400.04 USD has been calculated per household, which is higher than the farm income, accounting for 4/5 of total household income. This can be attributed to the fact that the farms are generally small family enterprises with limited market-access opportunities.

Gonenc, Sertac; Tanrivermis, Harun

377

Engine trends and valvetrain systems for improved performance, fuel economy, and emissions  

SciTech Connect

A review of consumer interests and OEM needs was conducted to formulate a position on which engine technologies would become significant in the next generation of engine designs. The need for engines having higher specific output within a minimum package volume, as well as the continued need for improvements in fuel economy and emissions, led to the development of two new variations in valve train design incorporating variable valve actuation. One design involves valve deactivation to control air flow to an engine for either directional flow control of mixtures into a cylinder or for deactivating all of the valves in a cylinder to reduce the effective displacement of an engine. A second design provides the capability to selectively operate a valve on one of two available valve lifts for improved fuel economy or performance. The background of the design and development of both of these systems is described in this paper. It is well known that consumers expect ever greater levels of affordability, safety, quality and dependability, styling, performance, and fuel economy for their cars. On the other hand government regulations are mostly focused on addressing the national concerns for reduced fuel usage, improved air quality, and vehicle safety. Vehicle safety requirements are driving the need for more collapsible front end space, while styling trends and aerodynamic vehicle designs continue to push hood heights lower. The significant contributors to cost are the capital expenditures required to produce the product as well as any variable cost associated with the purchase of materials used in the final product. In this paper the authors will examine different ways for improving vehicle performance and their costs, and describe the background and development of two of them.

Buuck, B. [Eaton Corp., Marshall, MI (United States); Hampton, K. [Eaton Corp., Southfield, MI (United States)

1997-12-31

378

Safety Guidelines for Fieldwork Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Safety Department  

E-print Network

Safety Guidelines for Fieldwork Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Safety Department Environmental Safety Division University of Georgia Adapted from the Safety Guidelines for Field Researchers published by the Office of Environment, Health & Safety at University of California, Berkeley #12;Safety Guidelines

Arnold, Jonathan

379

Capacity planning in a transitional economy: What issues? Which models?  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to an exploration of the important issues facing the Russian power generation system and its evolution in the foreseeable future and the kinds of modeling approaches that capture those issues. These issues include, for example, (1) trade-offs between investments in upgrading and refurbishment of existing thermal (fossil-fired) capacity and safety enhancements in existing nuclear capacity versus investment in new capacity, (2) trade-offs between investment in completing unfinished (under construction) projects based on their original design versus investment in new capacity with improved design, (3) incorporation of demand-side management options (investments in enhancing end-use efficiency, for example) within the planning framework, (4) consideration of the spatial dimensions of system planning including investments in upgrading electric transmission networks or fuel shipment networks and incorporating hydroelectric generation, (5) incorporation of environmental constraints and (6) assessment of uncertainty and evaluation of downside risk. Models for exploring these issues include low power shutdown (LPS) which are computationally very efficient, though approximate, and can be used to perform extensive sensitivity analyses to more complex models which can provide more detailed answers but are computationally cumbersome and can only deal with limited issues. The paper discusses which models can usefully treat a wide range of issues within the priorities facing decision makers in the Russian power sector and integrate the results with investment decisions in the wider economy.

Mubayi, V.; Leigh, R.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bright, R.N. [Anylec Research, Inc., Bayport, NY (United States)

1996-03-01

380

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuel Economy Testing at the U.S. EPA National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (SAE Paper 2004-01-2900)  

EPA Science Inventory

The introduction of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and their new technology has created the need for development of new fuel economy test procedures and safety procedures during testing. The United States Environmental Protection Agency-National Vehicle Fuels and Emissions Laborato...

381

Service Engineering Emphasis Area The service sector is the largest growth area of the US economy. To help with this growth,  

E-print Network

­ Human Factors in Safety of Complex Systems EIND 525 ­ Economic and Multi-Attribute Decision-making EIND with the knowledge, skill set, and tools to build a career and make an impact in the service economy. Plan A and Plan 534 ­ Decision Support Systems EIND 548 ­ Planning and Scheduling EIND 574 ­ Management Systems

Dyer, Bill

382

Herbal Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past decade, there has been an increased interest in herbal medicines and treatments, both from the mainstream medical community and the general public. One need look no further than the cold drink section of the local supermarket to see the various herbal supplements that are prominently displayed on many drink labels. In an effort to provide critical evaluations of these various herbs and related products, the University of Texas at El Paso has created this important website in order to disseminate information about research findings related to herbal use and to provide these findings in both English and Spanish. There are a number of very helpful fact sheets presented here, including those that the deal with such commonly used medicinal herbs and plants, such as ginseng, chamomile, pumpkin seeds, and St. John's Wort. The Herbal Safety site also contains information on recent medical studies that examine the effectiveness of such medicinal treatments.

383

The International Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy  

E-print Network

Hydrogen? It's abundant, clean, efficient, and can be derived from diverse domestic resources. . Distributed Generation TransportationBiomass Hydro Wind Solar Geothermal Coal Nuclear Natural Gas Oil With at the same levels of safety, performance and r

384

Environmental Health Safety & Business Services  

E-print Network

, Safety Technician, EHS Derrick Neal, Safety Technician, EHS Ann Pho, Lab Safety Technician, EHS Rey White, Assistant Director, Lab Safety Manager, EHS Mark Pace, Fire Marshal, Fire & Life Safety Manager Salinas, Safety Technician, EHS Jeff Chesser, Graduate Intern, EHS

O'Toole, Alice J.

385

Fire Safety January 2011  

E-print Network

, and cloths and curtains not treated with fire retardant. Fire Safety Service 1. Ensures Fire Safety Plans1 Fire Safety PROCEDURES January 2011 firesafety@uwo.ca Campus Phones ­ EMERGENCY ­ Dial 911 Fire Safety Service is the focal point for the coordinated administration of the University Fire Safety

Lennard, William N.

386

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH AND SAFETY PROGRAMS SPRING 2012 Including: Free Information Session New Program in Health and Safety CONTINUING AND PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION #12;2 Our Health and Safety Programs Workplace Health and Safety Certificate Program For every dollar invested in workplace safety, organizations

California at Davis, University of

387

Rebuilding a safety culture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk/assessment/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

Rodney, George A.

1991-01-01

388

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY  

E-print Network

Education Occupational Health and Safety Division 424-5400 or 1-800-952-2687 (Phone) 424-5640 (Fax) http://novascotia.ca/lae/ (Web) #12;1 HEALTH AND SAFETY IN NOVA SCOTIA In 1996, Nova Scotia introduced a revised Occupational Fire Safety Act and Regulations First Aid Occupational General Safety Occupational Health and Safety

Brownstone, Rob

389

Attentional bias toward safety predicts safety behaviors.  

PubMed

Safety studies have primarily focused on how explicit processes and measures affect safety behavior and subsequent accidents and injuries. Recently, safety researchers have paid greater attention to the role of implicit processes. Our research focuses on the role of attentional bias toward safety (ABS) in workplace safety. ABS is a basic, early-stage cognitive process involving the automatic and selective allocation of attentional resources toward safety cues, which reflect the implicit motivational state of employees regarding safety goal. In this study, we used two reaction time-based paradigms to measure the ABS of employees in three studies: two modified Stroop tasks (Studies 1 and 2) and a visual dot-probe task (Study 3). Results revealed that employees with better safety behavior showed significant ABS (Study 2), and greater ABS than employees with poorer safety behavior (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, ABS was positively associated with the perceived safety climate and safety motivation of employees, both of which mediate the effect of ABS on safety behavior (Study 3). These results contributed to a deeper understanding of how early-stage automatic perceptual processing affects safety behavior. The practical implications of these results were also discussed. PMID:24922613

Xu, Yaoshan; Li, Yongjuan; Wang, Guangxi; Yuan, Xiao; Ding, Weidong; Shen, Zhongxiang

2014-10-01

390

A Concept of Passive Safety, Pressurized Water Reactor System with Inherent Matching Nature of Core Heat Generation and Heat Removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reduction of manpower in operation and maintenance by simplification of the system are essential to improve the safety and the economy of future light water reactors. At the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), a concept of a simplified passive safety reactor system JPSR was developed for this purpose and in the concept minimization of developing work and conservation

Yoshio MURAO; Fumimasa ARAYA; Takamichi IWAMURA; Keisuke OKUMURA

1995-01-01

391

Scope on Safety: Sun Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

So, what does "sun safety" have to do with middle school science teachers, especially during the winter months? With the movement toward hands-on science and environmentally oriented curricula, more students and teachers in science classes are doing fieldwork in the sun year round. Unfortunately, many people still believe winter equates to little or no UV exposure. This is just not so. It does not matter what time of year, nor where you are--UV radiation is there and can be a danger. This month's column provides strategies for middle school science teachers to protect themselves and their students from exposure to the UV rays of the sun. In addition, some UV and health facts are included.

Roy, Ken

2007-11-01

392

Networked incubators. Hothouses of the new economy.  

PubMed

Business incubators such as Hotbank, CMGI, and Idealab! are a booming industry. Offering office space, funding, and basic services to start-ups, these organizations have become the hottest way to nurture and grow fledgling businesses. But are incubators a fleeting phenomenon born of an overheated stock market, or are they an important and lasting way of creating value and wealth in the new economy? The authors argue that one type of incubator, called a networked incubator, represents a fundamentally new and enduring organizational model uniquely suited to growing businesses in the Internet economy. It shares certain features with other incubators--mainly, it fosters a spirit of entrepreneurship and offers economies of scale. But its key distinguishing feature is its ability to give start-ups preferential access to a network of potential partners. Such incubators institutionalize their networking--they have systems in place to encourage networking, helping start-ups, for example, to meet with potential business allies. That doesn't mean incubatees get preferential treatment; it means only that they have built-in access to partnerships that might not have existed without the incubator. Even with this advantage, however, networked incubators can easily follow the road to ruin. To avoid failure, they must create a portfolio of companies and advisers that their incubatees can leverage. That can be done by strategically investing in portfolio firms and by enlisting a large set of business allies. It can also be done by establishing connections and relationships that are anchored more to the incubator than to particular individuals. PMID:11143156

Hansen, M T; Chesbrough, H W; Nohria, N; Sull, D N

2000-01-01

393

Safety analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

Knight, John C.

1995-01-01

394

Reliability and economy -- Hydro electricity for Iran  

SciTech Connect

Reliability is the probability that a device or system will perform its function adequately, for the period of time intended, under the operating conditions intended. Reliability and economy are two important factors in operating any system, especially in power generation. Due to the high rate in population growth in Iran, the experts have estimated that the demand for electricity will be about 63,000 MW in the next 25 years, the installed power is now about 26,000 MW. Therefore, the energy policy decision made in Iran is to go to power generation by hydroelectric plants because of reliability, availability of water resources and the economics of hydroelectric power.

Jahromi-Shirazi, M.J.; Zarbakhsh, M.H. [Teleh Shofage Co., Ghazvin (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

1998-12-31

395

A VECX* Model of the Swiss Economy  

E-print Network

relates to a common sample for all tests. In establishing the unit root properties of the core variables we shall first check if their first differences are in fact stationary. The unit root tests applied to the levels, to be discussed subsequently... ) to the estimation of a structural cointegrated VAR model that relates the core macroeconomic variables of the Swiss economy to current and lagged values of a number of key foreign variables. We identify and test a long-run structure between the variables. Moreover...

Assenmacher-Wesche, Katrin; Pesaran, M Hashem

396

Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A summary is presented of a recent BES/DOE sponsored report that addresses the basic research needs in the areas of hydrogen production, storage and use in fuel cells that would be necessary to bridge the large gap between present scientific knowledge/technological capabilities and what would be required for the practical realization of a hydrogen economy. In this report, research opportunities that might be effective in bridging this gap are identified in the areas of advanced materials (especially in nanostructured materials), catalysis, modeling and simulations, bio-inspired approaches, and interdisciplinary efforts.

Dresselhaus, Mildred

2004-03-01

397

VEEP - Vehicle Economy, Emissions, and Performance program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

VEEP is a general-purpose discrete event simulation program being developed to study the performance, fuel economy, and exhaust emissions of a vehicle modeled as a collection of its separate components. It is written in SIMSCRIPT II.5. The purpose of this paper is to present the design methodology, describe the simulation model and its components, and summarize the preliminary results. Topics include chief programmer team concepts, the SDDL design language, program portability, user-oriented design, the program's user command syntax, the simulation procedure, and model validation.

Heimburger, D. A.; Metcalfe, M. A.

1977-01-01

398

National Center on Education and the Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center on Education and the Economy (NCEE) is a nonprofit organization that promotes standards-based reform for education and training systems. Focusing on helping state and local educational systems create and implement unique standards, the NCEE believes that educational standards must be tailored to fit communities and that both students and educators must understand the value of these standards. The NCEE Website offers a variety of information about the Center as well as its programs and resources. While the site doesn't contain very many full-text resources, it does, however, give in-depth overviews of all of NCEE's products and services.

399

Aspen: A microsimulation model of the economy  

SciTech Connect

This report presents, Aspen. Sandia National Laboratories is developing this new agent-based microeconomic simulation model of the U.S. economy. The model is notable because it allows a large number of individual economic agents to be modeled at a high level of detail and with a great degree of freedom. Some features of Aspen are (a) a sophisticated message-passing system that allows individual pairs of agents to communicate, (b) the use of genetic algorithms to simulate the learning of certain agents, and (c) a detailed financial sector that includes a banking system and a bond market. Results from runs of the model are also presented.

Basu, N.; Pryor, R.J.; Quint, T.; Arnold, T.

1996-10-01

400

Persistence and Success in the Attention Economy  

E-print Network

A hallmark of the attention economy is the competition for the attention of others. Thus people persistently upload content to social media sites, hoping for the highly unlikely outcome of topping the charts and reaching a wide audience. And yet, an analysis of the production histories and success dynamics of 10 million videos from \\texttt{YouTube} revealed that the more frequently an individual uploads content the less likely it is that it will reach a success threshold. This paradoxical result is further compounded by the fact that the average quality of submissions does increase with the number of uploads, with the likelihood of success less than that of playing a lottery.

Wu, Fang

2009-01-01

401

Safety Manual Prepared by the  

E-print Network

Radiation and Laser Safety 19 Laser Safety 21 Compressed Gas and Cryogenic Safety 22 Electrical Safety 24IMS Safety Manual Prepared by the IMS Safety Committee January 1991 (revised 1/2009) Institute 2 Introduction 3 IMS Laboratory Safety Reporting Policy 4 IMS Safety Committee 5 Fire Safety

Alpay, S. Pamir

402

RADIATION SAFETY OFFICE UNIVERSITYOF MARYLAND  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY OFFICE UNIVERSITYOF MARYLAND RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2. Radiation Safety Committee (RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.4. Radiation Safety Office (RSO

Rubloff, Gary W.

403

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION  

E-print Network

) 27265 Associate EHS Advisor (Trades Safety, Workplace Environment) 23867 Emergency & Business Continuity PREPAREDNESS 26740 FIRE PREVENTION Burnaby: 23867 Surrey: FS Vancouver: Ops FIRE SAFETY PLANS 23011 HAZARDOUS Planner 26740 Associate Advisor Emergency Planning (Emergency Planning, Fire Evacuation) 28632 EHS OFFICE

404

Governors Highway Safety Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Brief 10 Tips to Avoid Distractions Spotlight on Highway Safety: Bicyclist Safety This new report analyzes fatality ... patterns since the 1970s. Read more © 2014 Governors Highway Safety Association, 444 N. Capitol Street, NW, Suite ...

405

Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Mistakes Text Size: A A A Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes Sometimes a simple mistake can have grave consequences. What may seem like a small food safety mistake can cause serious illness with long-term ...

406

Air Bag Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Technology Tires Tires Rating Passenger Van Safety Air Bag Safety Air Bag Basics General Information Air Bag Deployment After Deployment ... Bag Module Crash Sensors Electronic Control Unit Counterfeit Air Bags General Information What Consumers Should Know About Counterfeit ...

407

Environmental Health and Safety  

E-print Network

Environmental Health and Safety Approved by Document No. Version Date Replaces Page EHS EHS). 1. INTRODUCTION I was informed of McGill's Health & Safety Policies, including: Laboratory Responsibilities Health & Safety Internal Responsibility System Personal Protective Equipment Policy Accident

Shoubridge, Eric

408

Paper Shredder Safety Alert  

MedlinePLUS

Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

409

Do guns provide safety? At what cost?  

PubMed

Many people feel that having a gun provides greater safety for them and their family. Actually, having a firearm in the home escalates the risk for death or injury, while using it to shoot someone who endangers the household is much less common. The resultant injuries, deaths, emotional turmoil, and/or disabilities lead to greater utilization of health care and legal/police services. Payment for these expenses is provided by higher insurance premiums and tax rates. This financial aspect has become a part of our country's current political concern over firearm ownership rights, gun violence or regulation, health care costs, the economy, and taxes. PMID:20065902

Narang, Puneet; Paladugu, Anubha; Manda, Sainath Reddy; Smock, William; Gosnay, Cynthia; Lippmann, Steven

2010-02-01

410

Does a robotic scrub nurse improve economy of movements?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective: Robotic assistance during surgery has been shown to be a useful resource to both augment the surgical skills of the surgeon through tele-operation, and to assist the surgeon handling the surgical instruments to the surgeon, similar to a surgical tech. We evaluated the performance and effect of a gesture driven surgical robotic nurse in the context of economy of movements, during an abdominal incision and closure exercise with a simulator. Methods: A longitudinal midline incision (100 mm) was performed on the simulated abdominal wall to enter the peritoneal cavity without damaging the internal organs. The wound was then closed using a blunt needle ensuring that no tissue is caught up by the suture material. All the instruments required to complete this task were delivered by a robotic surgical manipulator directly to the surgeon. The instruments were requested through voice and gesture recognition. The robotic system used a low end range sensor camera to extract the hand poses and for recognizing the gestures. The instruments were delivered to the vicinity of the patient, at chest height and at a reachable distance to the surgeon. Task performance measures for each of three abdominal incision and closure exercises were measured and compared to a human scrub nurse instrument delivery action. Picking instrument position variance, completion time and trajectory of the hand were recorded for further analysis. Results: The variance of the position of the robotic tip when delivering the surgical instrument is compared to the same position when a human delivers the instrument. The variance was found to be 88.86% smaller compared to the human delivery group. The mean task completion time to complete the surgical exercise was 162.7+/- 10.1 secs for the human assistant and 191.6+/- 3.3 secs (P<.01) when using the robotic standard display group. Conclusion: Multimodal robotic scrub nurse assistant improves the surgical procedure by reducing the number of movements (lower variance in the picking position). The variance of the picking point is closely related to the concept of economy of movements in the operating room. Improving the effectiveness of the operating room can potentially enhance the safety of surgical interventions without affecting the performance time.

Wachs, Juan P.; Jacob, Mithun; Li, Yu-Ting; Akingba, George

2012-02-01

411

Safety Management Manual Safety Management Procedures  

E-print Network

of Critical Systems 10.3 Lube Oil Analysis Process 1 Dec 2013 15 Oct 2013 1 Feb 2013 7 5 2 11 Documentation 11Safety Management Manual & Safety Management Procedures OSU Ship Operations R/V OCEANUS 1 Dec 2013 #12;SAFETY MANAGEMENT MANUAL OSU SHIP OPERATIONS 0.1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Originator: Approved By

Kurapov, Alexander

412

Department Safety Representatives Department Safety Representative  

E-print Network

/4/2014. The most recent version of this document is available electronically at: https and guidance from EH&S) safety needs for the areas they represent are met (e.g., training, protective equipment, acquisition of safety equipment, and corrective measures including noncompliance items identified in safety

Pawlowski, Wojtek

413

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office  

E-print Network

RADIATION SAFETY TRAINING MANUAL Radiation Safety Office 130 DeSoto Street G-7 Parran@pitt.edu Internet: www.radsafe.pitt.edu Trainman911.wpd Revised 9/11 #12;FOREWORD All personnel who are working protection and the potential risks of ionizing radiation. Radiation Safety Office personnel provide

Sibille, Etienne

414

Economies of Density versus Economies of Scale: Why Trunk and Local Service Airline Costs Differ  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a perception that U.S. trunk airlines had an inherent cost advantage over smaller regional airlines because of economies of scale. We have formulated a general model of airline costs, which we estimate by using panel data on large and small airlines. Differences in scale are shown to have no role in explaining higher costs for small airlines.

Douglas W. Caves; Laurits R. Christensen; Michael W. Tretheway

1984-01-01

415

The Midwest Economy Curriculum Package: An Examination of the Midwest Economy and Its Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1995-96, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago's (Illinois) Research Department carried out a comprehensive study of the Midwest economy. Researchers looked at the region's performance over the past 10-15 years to look for lessons for the future. The study included a series of academic symposia which brought together academic, private sector,…

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, IL.

416

Enviromental Impacts of A Regional Economy: An Application To The Aragonese Economy (Spain)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to analyse the environmental impacts of a regional economy (Aragon, Spain) by way of its atmospheric emissions. Our starting point is the construction of a Social Accounting Matrix with Environmental Accounts for this region. We calculated environmental indicators from the underlying SAM model considering the households and foreign sector accounts as exogenous accounts, while

R. Duarte; M. Flores; J. Sanchez-Choliz

2010-01-01

417

The Knowledge Economy and Innovation: Certain Uncertainty and the Risk Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The knowledge economy is a dominant force in today's world, and innovation policy and national systems of innovation are central to it. In this article, we draw on different sociological and economic theories of risk to engage critically with innovation policy and national systems of innovation. Beck's understanding of a risk society, Schumpeter's…

Bullen, Elizabeth; Fahey, Johannah; Kenway, Jane

2006-01-01

418

Construction delays in a fast-growing economy: Comparing Thailand with other economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construction delays impact the time and cost of projects. A survey of the delays experienced in highrise building construction projects in Bangkok, Thailand, was undertaken and the result compared with other studies of delays and overruns around the world to determine whether there are special problems that generate delays for construction in developing economies. Resource supply problems were by far

Vithool Jearkjirm

1996-01-01

419

Scale economies, scope economies, and technical change in Federal Reserve payment processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade, the U.S. economy has witnessed a tremendous surge in the usage of electronic payment processing services and an increased importance of the firms that provide these services. The payments industry has also undergone changes in cost structure with the introduction of new technology. Unfortunately, data on the private provision of payment processing services are not available.

Robert M. Adams; Paul W. Bauer; Robin C. Sickles

2002-01-01

420

CPSC Safety Guides  

MedlinePLUS

... OnSafety Blogs Inside CPSC: Recalls Safety Education Regulations, Laws & Standards Research & Statistics Business & Manufacturing Small Business Resources International Newsroom About CPSC Contact Us Sitemap RSS E- ...

421

National Ag Safety Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

2007-01-15

422

Farm Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

423

Inter-Connectedness In The Scottish Economy, 1998-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

The measurement of inter-connectedness in an economy using input-output tables is not new, however much of the previous literature has not had any explicit dynamic dimension. Studies have tried to estimate the degree of inter-relatedness for an economy at a given point in time using one inputoutput table, some have compared different economies at a point in time but few

J. H. L. Dewhurst

2010-01-01

424

Effect of Intake Air Filter Condition on Vehicle Fuel Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) jointly maintain a fuel economy website (www.fueleconomy.gov), which helps fulfill their responsibility under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 to provide accurate fuel economy information [in miles per gallon (mpg)] to consumers. The site provides information on EPA fuel economy

Kevin M Norman; Shean P Huff; Brian H West

2009-01-01

425

Interindustry analysis of the economy of Northeast Texas emphasizing agriculture  

E-print Network

indirect effects of the factory on the local economy. Such indirect effects may be expected to continue until virtually all sectors of the local economy are affected by the initial change. Leantief developed the input-output method of analyzing..., an interregional analysis was developed and the interdependence between sectors in northern and southern California was estimated. In 1969, the Office of Business Economics of the U. S Depart- ment of Commerce published a study of the American economy for 1963...

Lippke, Lawrence Arnold

2012-06-07

426

The analysis of hazards and the hazards of analysis: reflections on air traffic safety management.  

PubMed

The justification of investments in air traffic control systems has typically been based on risk-benefit analyses of the safety of air traffic. But the lack of empirical evidence concerning collisions between aircraft, and the problems of very small numbers make risk analysis inadequate. The pitfalls of risk analysis are discussed in this paper. A framework for safety analysis is proposed where safety is to be assured rather than traded off in the economic sense against other expenditures on the system. The trade-off in the analysis of large investments on control technologies should be between economy and efficiency and should no include safety. PMID:3094552

Kanafani, A

1986-10-01

427

Improving patient safety culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Improving hospital patient safety means an open and stimulating culture is needed. This article aims to describe a patient safety culture improvement approach in five Belgian hospitals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Patient safety culture was measured using a validated Belgian adaptation of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) questionnaire. Studies before (autumn 2005) and after (spring 2007) the

Johan Hellings; Ward Schrooten; Niek S. Klazinga; Arthur Vleugels

2010-01-01

428

Safety: Preventive Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Underscores the need for community colleges to practice safety within the institutions and to instruct students in workplace safety procedures and requirements. Reviews Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) regulations and their impact on industry and education. Looks at the legal responsibilities of colleges for safety. (DMM)

Kotula, John R.; Digenakis, Anthony

1985-01-01

429

EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS SAFETY PROCEDURES  

E-print Network

-8400 OCCUPATIONALAND ENvIRONMENTAL MEDICINE ­ NON-EMERGENCY #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETY Electrical devices must be properly ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETYEMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY PROCEDURES Revised January 2010 BU Boston University Medical

Spence, Harlan Ernest

430

Electrical safety programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electrical safety program is a plan designed so that neither,workplace conditions, nor the actions of people, expose personnel unnecessarily to electrical hazards. Employers should develop and implement an electrical safety program to give overall safety directions for facility activities related to electrical work. Effective electrical safety programs are a major key in preventing electrical incidents.

Kim Eastwood; Danny Liggett; Erling Hesla

2002-01-01

431

Radiation Safety September 2013  

E-print Network

Radiation Safety Manual September 2013 Office of Environment, Health & Safety #12;RADIATION SAFETY of ionizing radiation as a valuable tool to extend fundamental knowledge. These activities are an important of radiation-producing machines and radioactive materials attests to the success of its radiation safety

California at Irvine, University of

432

Social Computing and the Attention Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social computing focuses on the interaction between social behavior and information, especially on how the latter propagates across social networks and is consumed and transformed in the process. At the same time the ubiquity of information has left it devoid of much monetary value. The scarce, and therefore valuable, resource is now attention, and its allocation gives rise to an attention economy that determines how content is consumed and propagated. Since two major factors involved in getting attention are novelty and popularity, we analyze the role that both play in attracting attention to web content and how to prioritize them in order to maximize it. We also demonstrate that the relative performance of strategies based on prioritizing either popularity or novelty exhibit an abrupt change around a critical value of the novelty decay time, resembling a phase transition.

Huberman, Bernardo A.

2013-04-01

433

Gendered Organizations in the New Economy  

PubMed Central

Gender scholars draw on the “theory of gendered organizations” to explain persistent gender inequality in the workplace. This theory argues that gender inequality is built into work organizations in which jobs are characterized by long-term security, standardized career ladders and job descriptions, and management controlled evaluations. Over the past few decades, this basic organizational logic has been transformed. in the so-called new economy, work is increasingly characterized by job insecurity, teamwork, career maps, and networking. Using a case study of geoscientists in the oil and gas industry, we apply a gender lens to this evolving organization of work. This article extends Acker's theory of gendered organizations by identifying the mechanisms that reproduce gender inequality in the twenty-first-century workplace, and by suggesting appropriate policy approaches to remedy these disparities.

Williams, Christine L.; Muller, Chandra; Kilanski, Kristine

2014-01-01

434

Pacific Institute Releases New Economy of Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Riveting reading, the Pacific Institute's report on The Economy of Water puts it all up front when it comes to the status and power of water as an issue of looming national and international significance. Looking at water from multiple perspectives, the report clearly details the impact and potential harm of current and pending zoning and privatization efforts on the part of utilities and other interested agencies, both public and private. In particular, the study focuses on the social and financial costs of water privatization efforts and their long term implications for specific countries and societies. Perhaps most compelling is the policy brief's emphasis on the competing forces of globalization and privatization and how they tend to play out and off of one another.

2002-01-01

435

Potential improvements in turbofan engine fuel economy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The method developed for initial evaluation of possible performance improvements in the NASA Aircraft Energy Efficiency Program, directed toward improving the fuel economy of turbofan engines, is outlined, and results of the evaluation of 100 candidate engine modifications are presented. The study indicates that fuel consumption improvements of as much as 5% may be possible in current JT3D, JT8D, and JT9D turbofan engines. Aerodynamic, thermodynamic, material, and structural advances are expected to yield fuel consumption improvements on the order of 10 to 15% in advanced turbofan engines, with the greatest improvement stemming from significantly higher cycle pressure ratios. Higher turbine temperature and fan bypass ratios are also expected to contribute to fuel conservation.

Hines, R. W.; Gaffin, W. O.

1976-01-01

436

Decarbonization Pathways for the US Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to lower GHG emissions by 80% from current levels - the 'ecological target' is already possible in the stationary power sector through strategies that include efficiency, renewable energy, and nuclear power. For light vehicle transportation, mileage standards, biofuels, and engine technology will play critical roles to drastically reduce emissions. Air travel remains problematic and in dire need of additional innovations. Advanced energy storage technologies coupled with affordable renewable energy sources could potentially eliminate emissions for both stationary power and vehicles. Given the cost curves of key energy technologies, our analysis for the US economy shows that deploying emissions abating options is not only cost effective, it also affords enormous socioeconomic and environmental returns.

Ling, F. H.; Kammen, D. M.

2007-12-01

437

The Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1982, The Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE) is an interdisciplinary research project that focuses on ïÿý"international economic competition and the development and application of advanced technologies". Moving between the worlds of the private sector to interactions with fellow scholars and policymakers, BRIE has created a number of thought-provoking documents for the web-browsing public and placed them on this site. Visitors who require a bit more background material may want to first visit the "About BRIE" area which includes information on their objectives and research mission. After taking a look at the materials there, interested parties should proceed to the "Publications" area, which contains a very nice working papers area. Here visitors can download such intriguing titles as "Transforming Politics in a Digital Era" and "Boom Boxes: Shipping Containers and Terrorists".

438

The deregulated global economy: women workers and strategies of resistance.  

PubMed

This article discusses the lack of input from women in international debates about the global economy. Women in the South are the most vulnerable to exploitation and most ignored in international discussions of how to protect fair labor standards. Restructuring has led to loss of secure jobs in the public sector and the expansion of female employment in low-paid, insecure, unskilled jobs. Businesses desire a cheap and flexible workforce. Declines in social services, the elimination of subsidies on basic goods, and the introduction of user fees puts pressure on women to supplement family income. A parallel outcome is reduced employment rights, neglect of health and safety standards, and increased disregard among women for their domestic responsibilities. There is a need for alternative models of development. The Self-Employed Women's Organization in India serves as a model for resisting exploitation among self-employed and home-based employees. Female industrial strikers are demanding attention to excessive hours of work, enforced overtime, bullying, and lack of sanitary and medical facilities. There is always fear that organized resistance will lead to industrial relocation or loss of jobs. The International Labor Organization has had a code for 20 years, but the threat of exposure to the press is sometimes more effective. There must be regulation throughout subcontracting chains of transnational companies. International alliances should revolve around issues/strategies identified by workers. International alliances are needed for influencing multinational companies and national governments and lobbying global economic and financial institutions. Standards that are included in social clause discussions are minimum requirements that do not address gender-specific issues. Women Working Worldwide is developing a position statement of social clauses that incorporates a women's perspective. PMID:12347718

Hale, A

1996-10-01

439

Capital Markets and the Instability of Open Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a framework for analyzing the role of financial factors as a source of stability in small open economies. Our basic model is a dynamic open economy with a tradeable good produced with capital and a country-specific factor. We also assume that firms face credit constraints, with the constraint being tighter at a lower level of financial development.

Philippe Aghion; Philippe Bacchetta; Abhijit Banerjee

2000-01-01

440

'Globalization', the geopolitical economy of migration and the 'spatial vent'  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a rapidly expanding literature in the last decade, the question of migration remains a neglected area of research in IPE, global political economy and political geography. In addressing this deficiency, this article seeks to contribute to the growing debate over the links between 'globalization', IPE and the geopolitical economy of migration. Rather than the more 'traditional' focus of IPE,

Michael Samers

1999-01-01

441

THE IMPACT OF TRANSPORTATION INFRAESTRUCTURE ON THE COLOMBIAN ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper measures some of the impacts that development in transportation infrastructure could have on the Colombian economy during the period 1905-1990. The first section of the paper analyzes the responsiveness of the economy to changes in transportation costs and changes in transportation length network, by estimating the demand elasticities for railroads’ freight and passenger services. This enables us to

María Teresa Ramírez

1999-01-01

442

Working Economics: Labor Policy and Conducive Economy in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conducive economy challenges both the conceptual foundations and the practices of present-day economies. In the Netherlands, a few initiatives during the 1980s and early 1990s looked promising, in particular, as these initiatives focused on work quality as one major precondition for reducing disability and enhancing labor participation.…

Korver, Ton

2004-01-01

443

Facilitating innovations in higher education in transition economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse innovations in education from the point of view of product content and markets selected. Emerging market economies face a number of problems many of which are closely linked to and dependent upon the effectiveness of higher professional education. External environment changes, such as the formation of knowledge economy, globalisation, changes

Olga Saginova; Vladimir Belyansky

2008-01-01

444

Professors as Knowledge Workers in the New, Global Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the configuration and working conditions of professors in the United States have been profoundly influenced by fundamental patterns and shifts in the larger political economy of the country. At the turn of the twentieth century, the industrialization of the American economy and rationalization of the nation-state had profound implications for the changing character of the professorate. Similarly, in the

Jenny J. Lee; John Cheslock; Alma Maldonado-Maldonado; Gary Rhoades

445

Exchange Rate Dynamics in a Small Open Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

I study the behavior of the nominal exchange rate in a small open economy with wage rigidity. When there are two traded goods (imports and exports) a consequence of the small open economy assumption is an extreme form of consumption home-bias. Despite assuming the law of one price holds for each good, (consumption based) purchasing power parity does not hold

Dudley Cookey

446

Canada in the International Economy: A Teaching Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of teaching units designed to introduce secondary school students to the Canadian economy, this handbook contains instructional materials on Canada's role in the world economy. Ten sections contain readings and suggestions for activities related to Canadian trade, tariffs, the Canada-United States automobile pact, Canada-United…

Hunter, William T.; Staunton, Ted, Ed.

447

Manufacturing for the Hydrogen Economy Manufacturing Research & Development  

E-print Network

Manufacturing for the Hydrogen Economy Manufacturing Research & Development of Onboard Hydrogen, President Bush announced a $1.2 billion Hydrogen Fuel Initiative to accelerate the development of the hydrogen and fuel cell technologies needed to move the United States toward a future hydrogen economy

448

Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy  

E-print Network

STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2010 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy · Framing the Financial Crisis for Wisconsin Agriculture Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University

Radeloff, Volker C.

449

Communication China's growing methanol economy and its implications for energy  

E-print Network

Communication China's growing methanol economy and its implications for energy and the environment online 2 December 2011 Keywords: Methanol economy China Coal-based chemical a b s t r a c t For more than development. A first step to this vision appears to be occurring in China. In the past five years, China has

Jackson, Robert B.

450

Organizational changes in emerging economies: drivers and consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational change in emerging economies, although difficult, is inevitable. The authors study the drivers and consequences of organizational changes in an emerging economy, China. The results of a firm-level survey show that organizational changes in technical vs administrative areas are differentially driven by firms' motivation to change (past performance), opportunity to change (firm location and market orientation), and capability to

Kevin Zheng Zhou; David K Tse; Julie Juan Li

2006-01-01

451

ETA-MACRO: A model of energy-economy interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A market economy is simulated through a dynamic nonlinear optimization process. To describe the production relationship within this economy, two dynamic submodels are incorporated: ETA, a process analysis for energy technology assessment; and a macroeconomic growth model providing for substitution between capital, labor, and energy inputs. The focus is on one specific policy option--banning the introduction of additional civilian nuclear

A. S. Manne

1977-01-01

452

Appropriability, communication and social welfare in a knowledge economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intellectual Property Rights take on a different significance in the knowledge economy and on the internet. Their expanding role is not necessarily a beneficial development for the economy a dynamic welfare analysis indicates. The effects of IPRs is compounded by the newly emerging relations between producers and consumers in which the latter are increasingly acting as dependent co-producers.

Wilfred Dolfsma

2008-01-01

453

Development Challenges and Opportunities Confronting Economies in Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Economies in Transition" (hereafter EIT or EITs) are countries in the process of shifting from "command" to "more open", liberalized, free market economic systems. In addition to achieving major structural adjustments to their economies, the transformational process requires the introduction of a high degree of transparency in both the economic…

Estes, Richard J.

2007-01-01

454

Teaching Applied Macro in Emergent Economies: Lessons from Bahrain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we explore the challenges of adapting a standard introductory MBA course in applied macroeconomics to a student audience in a small open economy with a pegged currency. Our focus will be on the Kingdom of Bahrain, with reference to other countries in the Arabian Gulf region, where one would expect to use an open-economy theoretical…

Miller, Michael S.; Epstein, Seth

2013-01-01

455

ECONOMIES OF SCALE AND SCOPE IN WATER SUPPLY  

EPA Science Inventory

This study examines the multiproduct nature of water supply relative to economies of scale and scope. he water utility is viewed as a multiproduct firm providing residential and nonresidential services with spatial variation. here are no significant economies of scale in the util...

456

Higher Skills and the Knowledge Economy: The Challenge of Offshoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent economics literature on offshoring highlights the trend towards the relocation of high-skill jobs to emerging economies. This evolution presents a challenge to the established knowledge economy discourse on which the relationship between higher education, higher skills, higher productivity and higher incomes has been based. This paper…

Craig, John; Gunn, Andrew

2010-01-01

457

Corporate responsibility in the global economy: a business case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To develop the self-interested, business rationale for the export of socially responsible business behavior by multinational firms to developing economies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Review the rationale for the ascendance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the developed economies, the skepticism that emerged regarding CSR and the proliferation of codes to guide CSR conduct. From this perspective build a parallel

Jerry Prout

2006-01-01

458

A Stay-Rich View of the New Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major demographic changes around the world. Disproportionate sovereign debt. A shift from North America, Western Europe, and Japan to emerging economies as centers of growth. Unprecedented levels of market risk and volatility. The structure of the global economy is undergoing significant changes. Michael Oyster, managing principal of Fund…

Trusteeship, 2011

2011-01-01

459

Frictionless economy and its implementation in real world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frictionless economy is the new concept emerged from late 90s1. Its core idea is to remove the time both suppliers and customers spend on the trial and error on the price. So the markets always perform on the equilibriums. So markets can work in the perfect efficiency. But due to the various reasons, frictionless economy is rarely seen in the

Yu Yang

2011-01-01

460

Marshallian Agglomeration Economies and Entrepreneurship: The Spanish Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes to what extent marshallian agglomeration economies affect the creation of new entrepreneurial ventures at the metropolitan level. The measuring of agglomeration economies is based on the construction of indexes using the methodology of Glaeser and Kerr (2009). The indexes attempt to capture the effects of resource sharing, labor matching and knowledge spillovers according to the taxonomy proposed

Roberto Dopeso Fernandez

2011-01-01

461

Ask the Experts: How Hurricanes Affect Our Wallets & the Economy  

E-print Network

Ask the Experts: How Hurricanes Affect Our Wallets & the Economy by John Kiernan on November 12 to suspend operations. That's particularly true in our modern economy with so many businesses relying on just wrench in business operations. But what will the storm's ultimate economic impact be? How can we minimize

Belogay, Eugene A.

462

Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use  

E-print Network

Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use A Review of Empirical Findings Hongwei Dong, Ph.D. Candidate John D. Hunt, Professor John Gliebe, Assistant Professor #12;Framework Oil-run Short and Long-run #12;Topics covered by this presentation: Oil price and macro-economy Gas price

Bertini, Robert L.

463

Government Reputation and Debt Repayment in Emerging Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Evidence shows that emerging economies that have repeatedly defaulted on their external obligations are still able to accumulate considerable amounts of debt. On average, an emerging economy defaulted 3 times every 100 years and the ratio of government debt to output is 40%. Existing models of sovereign debt are unable to jointly explain the debt to output ratios and

Pablo D'erasmo

464

Five Ways to Economy-Proof Your Enrollment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When customers are facing job loss or tighter budgets, prospects are attempting to negotiate tuition fees, and subsidies are being cut, smart child care managers are studying the essential moves directors must take to increase and retain enrollment despite the volatile economy. Instead of using a tough economy as a reason enrollment drops, they…

Wassom, Julie

2012-01-01

465

Benchmarking a leadership model for the green economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine benchmarking leadership theories in order to build a new leadership model for the green economy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The collection and critical analysis of secondary data from relevant publications were used to evaluate the feasibility of a new leadership model in the green economy. Analysis of organizational and leadership theories has

Daryl D. Green; Jack McCann

2011-01-01

466

Maximal Strength Training Improves Running Economy in Distance Runners  

Microsoft Academic Search

STKREN, K., J. HELGERUD, E. M. STKA, and J. HOFF. Maximal Strength Training Improves Running Economy in Distance Runners. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 1089-1094, 2008. Purpose: The present study investigated the effect of maximal strength training on running economy (RE) at 70% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and time to exhaustion at maximal aerobic speed

KYVIND STKREN; JAN HELGERUD; EVA MARIA STKA; JAN HOFF

2008-01-01

467

The Digital Economy: what is new and what is not?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many signs indicating that something new has happened in the United States economy during the last decade. While the surge in labor and total factor productivity growth rates in the latter half of the 1990s was impressive and widely interpreted as a sign of a ‘New Economy,’ it remains to be seen whether it was a fleeting phenomenon

Bo Carlsson

2004-01-01

468

AWAREA Step Toward Building a Sustainable Economy by Informing Consumer  

E-print Network

AWAREA Step Toward Building a Sustainable Economy by Informing Consumer Purchasing Decisions Economy by Informing Consumer Purchasing Decisions at the Point of Sale US EPA P3 Executive Summary: SU: Facilitating Informed Consumer Purchasing Decisions through Point-of-Sale Access to Product Sustainability

Michalek, Jeremy J.

469

Ecological evaluation of Beijing economy based on emergy indices  

Microsoft Academic Search

An integrated ecological evaluation of the Beijing economy was presented in the paper based on the emergy accounting with the data in 2004. Through calculating environmental and economic inputs within and outside the Beijing economy, this paper discusses the Beijing’s resource structure, economic situation and trade status based on a series of emergy indicators. Through the comparison of the systematic

M. M. Jiang; J. B. Zhou; B. Chen; Z. F. Yang; X. Ji; L. X. Zhang; G. Q. Chen

2009-01-01

470

Beyond political economy: actor networks and the globalization of agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a critical assessment of the traditional political economy approaches in analysis of agricultural globalization. The use of the actor network perspective is suggested to enhance our understanding of the globalization process. To illustrate the applicability of actor network theory to political economy studies, the globalization of the Canadian rapeseed (Brassica rapa and B. napus) industry is analyzed.

Lawrence Busch; Arunas Juska

1997-01-01

471

Fuel economy of automotive vehicles - some statistical approaches  

SciTech Connect

Subjects covered by the paper include: interpolation, extrapolation and smoothing of time-series data; curvilinearity in the regression analysis of fuel-economy data; an approach to the regionalization of fuel-economy shortfall; and the effect of transformations of variables on the coefficient of determination (R/sup 2/) in regression analysis.

McAdams, H.T.

1981-12-01

472

Pushing Economies (and Students) outside the Factor Price Equalization Zone  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite overwhelming empirical evidence of the failure of factor price equalization, most teaching of international trade theory (even at the graduate level) assumes that economies are incompletely specialized and that factor price equalization holds. The behavior of trading economies in the absence of factor price equalization is not well…

Oslington, Paul; Towers, Isaac

2009-01-01

473

Hydrogen: Its Future Role in the Nation's Energy Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates the development of a hydrogen fuel economy as an alternative to the predominately electric economy based upon nuclear plants and depleting fossil fuel supplies. Evaluates the economic and environmental benefits of hydrogen energy delivery systems in the residential and transportation sectors. (JR)

Winsche, W. E.; And Others

1973-01-01

474

Taking Energy Conservation as the Central of Developing Circular Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Circular economy is the economy activities which rely on technological innovation to accomplish the reduction target to obtain the economic benefit and protect environment. Economic technology can be divided into circular one and noncircular one. The noncircular technology is the basis of the circular technology. Just as YCC, the Isasmelting furnace technology's utilization is the core and the breaking point

Tang Xiangyang; Lin Xiuqun

2011-01-01

475

Teaching Science: Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Before entering the world of pipettes and Geiger counters, budding scientists will need to know about lab safety. Science educators will benefit from this laboratory safety site, developed by Professor Norman Herr, who teaches at California State University, Northridge. On his site, Professor Herr provides topically organized links that fall into the areas of safety standards, chemical hazards, chemical storage, and five other relevant topics. Within each section, visitors will find links to state safety standards, sample laboratory safety contracts, and fact sheets on chemical hazards. One potentially delightful classroom activity is the laboratory safety "scavenger hunt". Through this activity, students will learn about storage requirements, chemical risks, and other potential delicate matters.

476

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety  

E-print Network

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

477

Forthcoming in: Nauro Campos and Jan Fidrmuc (eds.), "Political Economy of Transition and  

E-print Network

literature documenting the superior educational attainment in most transition economies, as wellForthcoming in: Nauro Campos and Jan Fidrmuc (eds.), "Political Economy of Transition Publishers, Boston/Dordrecht/London. Human Capital, Growth and Inequality in Transition Economies By Michael

Royal Holloway, University of London

478

10 CFR 474.3 - Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation. 474.3 Section 474...DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION § 474.3 Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation. (a) The...

2011-01-01

479

32 CFR 728.51 - General provisions-the “Economy Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agencies § 728.51 General provisions—the “Economy Act.” The Economy Act, 31 U.S.C. 1535, generally...than commercial procurement. Provisions of the Economy Act apply to requests from other Federal...

2012-07-01

480

40 CFR 600.006-89 - Data and information requirements for fuel economy vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and information requirements for fuel economy vehicles. 600.006-89 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and Carbon-Related Exhaust...

2011-07-01

481

40 CFR 600.006-87 - Data and information requirements for fuel economy vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and information requirements for fuel economy vehicles. 600.006-87 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later...

2010-07-01

482

40 CFR Appendix II to Part 600 - Sample Fuel Economy Calculations  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Sample Fuel Economy Calculations II Appendix II to Part...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS... Appendix II to Part 600—Sample Fuel Economy Calculations (a) This sample...

2011-07-01

483

20 CFR 220.131 - Work which exists in the national economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Work which exists in the national economy. 220.131 Section 220.131... Work which exists in the national economy. (a) General. The Board considers that work exists in the national economy when it exists in significant...

2012-04-01

484

20 CFR 220.131 - Work which exists in the national economy.  

... Work which exists in the national economy. 220.131 Section 220.131... Work which exists in the national economy. (a) General. The Board considers that work exists in the national economy when it exists in significant...

2014-04-01

485

10 CFR Appendix to Part 474 - Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations Appendix to Part 474 ...DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION Pt. 474, App. Appendix...Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations Example 1: An...

2011-01-01

486

10 CFR Appendix to Part 474 - Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations Appendix to Part 474 ...DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION Pt. 474, App. Appendix...Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations Example 1: An...

2013-01-01

487

10 CFR Appendix to Part 474 - Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations  

...false Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations Appendix to Part 474 ...DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION Pt. 474, App. Appendix...Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations Example 1: An...

2014-01-01

488

36 CFR 212.10 - Maximum economy National Forest System roads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Maximum economy National Forest System roads. 212...Transportation System § 212.10 Maximum economy National Forest System roads. ...specifications which will permit maximum economy in harvesting timber from such...

2011-07-01

489

19 CFR 351.408 - Calculation of normal value of merchandise from nonmarket economy countries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...value of merchandise from nonmarket economy countries. 351.408 Section...value of merchandise from nonmarket economy countries. (a) Introduction...identifying dumping from a nonmarket economy country, the Secretary...

2012-04-01

490

40 CFR 600.311-08 - Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles. 600...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Labeling § 600.311-08 Range...

2013-07-01

491

40 CFR 600.510-86 - Calculation of average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Calculation of average fuel economy. 600.510-86 Section 600.510-86...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for Model Year 1978...

2011-07-01

492

40 CFR 600.006-86 - Data and information requirements for fuel economy vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and information requirements for fuel economy vehicles. 600.006-86 Section...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and Carbon-Related Exhaust...

2011-07-01

493

36 CFR 212.10 - Maximum economy National Forest System roads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Maximum economy National Forest System roads. 212...Transportation System § 212.10 Maximum economy National Forest System roads. ...specifications which will permit maximum economy in harvesting timber from such...

2013-07-01

494

40 CFR 600.311-08 - Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles. 600...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later...

2011-07-01

495

3 CFR 13494 - Executive Order 13494 of January 30, 2009. Economy in Government Contracting  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Executive Order 13494 of January 30, 2009. Economy in Government Contracting 13494 Order...13494 of January 30, 2009 EO 13494 Economy in Government Contracting By the...ordered that: Section 1. To promote economy and efficiency in Government...

2010-01-01

496

32 CFR 728.51 - General provisions-the “Economy Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agencies § 728.51 General provisions—the “Economy Act.” The Economy Act, 31 U.S.C. 1535, generally...than commercial procurement. Provisions of the Economy Act apply to requests from other Federal...

2013-07-01

497

40 CFR 600.311-08 - Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles. 600...CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Labeling § 600.311-08 Range...

2012-07-01

498

TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber  

E-print Network

TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber Dept, thatexploitsthe hearer's recognitionof inferentiallinkstomaterial elsewhere withina sentence. Textual economy argue that achieving textual economy imposes strong requirements on the representation and reasoning

Stone, Matthew

499

19 CFR 351.408 - Calculation of normal value of merchandise from nonmarket economy countries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...value of merchandise from nonmarket economy countries. 351.408 Section...value of merchandise from nonmarket economy countries. (a) Introduction...identifying dumping from a nonmarket economy country, the Secretary...

2011-04-01

500

20 CFR 220.131 - Work which exists in the national economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Work which exists in the national economy. 220.131 Section 220.131... Work which exists in the national economy. (a) General. The Board considers that work exists in the national economy when it exists in significant...

2013-04-01