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1

Fuel Economy, Car Class Mix, and Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuel economy standards change the composition of the vehicle fleet, potentially influencing accident fatality risks. I estimate the direction and magnitude of this impact, introducing a correction for selection on driver behavior. A policy application using my new estimates shows that the present distinction between light trucks and cars in fuel economy rules has very negative consequences for overall safety:

Mark R. Jacobsen

2011-01-01

2

Safety Training for the Hydrogen Economy  

SciTech Connect

PNNL and the Volpentest Hazardous Materials Management and Emergency Response (HAMMER) Training and Education Center are helping to prepare emergency responders and permitting/code enforcement officials for their respective roles in the future Hydrogen Economy. Safety will be a critical component of the anticipated hydrogen transition. Public confidence goes hand in hand with perceived safety to such an extent that, without it, the envisioned transition is unlikely to occur. Stakeholders and the public must be reassured that hydrogen, although very different from gasoline and other conventional fuels, is no more dangerous. Ensuring safety in the hydrogen infrastructure will require a suitably trained emergency response force for containing the inevitable incidents as they occur, coupled with knowledgeable code officials to ensure that such incidents are kept to a minimum. PNNL and HAMMER are, therefore, designing a hydrogen safety training program, funded by DOE's Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program, and modeled after the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s multi-tiered approach to hazardous materials training. Capabilities under development at HAMMER include classroom and long-distance (i.e., satellite and internet broadcast) learning, as well as life-size, hands-on hydrogen burn props for “training as real as it gets.” This paper presents insights gained from the early emergency response hydrogen safety training courses held in 2005 and current plans for design and construction of a number of hydrogen burn props.

Fassbender, Linda L.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Akers, Bret M.

2006-04-11

3

Use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of DRACS to Enhance HTGRs Passive Safety and Economy. One of the important requirements for Gen. IV High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTGR) is passive safety. Currently all the HTGR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. [1] The decay heat first is transferred to core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. Similar concepts have been widely used in sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) designs, advanced light water reactors like AP1000. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area. RVACS tends to be less expensive. However, it limits the largest achievable power level for modular HTGRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface). When the relative decay heat removal capability is reduced, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annual designs with internal reflector can mitigate this effect therefore further increase the power. Another way to increase power is to increase power density. However, it is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides safety, HTGRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor designs. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of HTGRs. Forsberg [2] pointed out other disadvantages of using RVACS such as conflicting functional requirements for the reactor vessel and scaling distortion for integral effect test of the system performance. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume based passive decay removal system, call Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS has been widely used in SFR designs and in liquid salt cooled high temperature reactors. The containment cooling system in BWR is another example of volume based decay removal systems. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one in reactor side and another is in environment side. DRACS has the benefits of increasing the power as needed (scalability) and modularity. This paper introduces the concept of using DRACS to enhance HTGRs passive safety and economy.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou

2011-06-01

4

Participatory approaches to improving safety, health and working conditions in informal economy workplaces - Experiences of Cambodia, Thailand and Viet Nam  

Microsoft Academic Search

(WISE), 1 and Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development (WIND) 2 are increasingly applied in Asia for supporting grassroots initiatives in informal economy workplaces to improve safety, health and working conditions. These participatory programmes are easy to apply and action-oriented, and focus on immediate improvement needs of informal economy workplaces. Workers in informal economy workplaces have identified and implemented practical safety

Tsuyoshi Kawakami

2007-01-01

5

Enhancing VHTR Passive Safety and Economy with Thermal Radiation Based Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling System  

SciTech Connect

One of the most important requirements for Gen. IV Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is passive safety. Currently all the gas cooled version of VHTR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. The decay heat first is transferred to the core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to the reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area to volume ratio. However, RVACS limits the maximum achievable power level for modular VHTRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface area). When the relative decay heat removal capability decreases, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annular core designs with inner graphite reflector can mitigate this effect; therefore can further increase the reactor power. Another way to increase the reactor power is to increase power density. However, the reactor power is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides the safety considerations, VHTRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor concepts and other types of energy sources. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of VHTRs. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume-based passive decay heat removal system, called Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one on the reactor side and another on the environment side. For the reactor side, cooling pipes will be inserted into holes made in the outer or inner graphite reflector blocks. There will be gaps between these cooling pipes and their corresponding surrounding graphite surfaces. Graphite has an excellent heat conduction property. By taking advantage of this feature, we can have a volume-based method to remove decay heat. The scalability can be achieved, if needed, by employing more rows of cooling pipes to accommodate higher decay heat rates. Since heat can easily conduct through the graphite regions between the holes made for the cooling pipes, those cooling pipes located further away from the active core region can still be very effective in removing decay heat. By removing the limit on the decay heat removal capability due to the limited available surface area as in a RVACS, the reactor power and power density can be significantly increased, without losing the passive heat removal feature. This paper will introduce the concept of using DRACS to enhance VHTR passive safety and economics. Three design options will be discussed, depending on the cooling pipe locations. Analysis results from a lumped volume based model and CFD simulations will be presented.

Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou; Xiaodong Sun

2012-06-01

6

Safety, Economy, and Efficiency in Airport and Airspace Management and Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Evaluating Level of Service at Airport Passenger Terminals: Review of Research Approaches; Expansion of Airport Capacity at London Heathrow Airport; Safety of Efficiency: Link Between Operational Performance and Operational Errors in the Nationa...

2004-01-01

7

Balancing Safety and Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Administrators looking for budget relief might look for cost savings in pupil transportation. The basic school bus that meets federal standards, with no optional equipment, is the safest vehicle on the road. The best investment in a transportation program is driver training. Route and schedule changes might lead to an increase in efficiency…

Leeds, Robin L.

1999-01-01

8

Worker health is good for the economy: union density and psychosocial safety climate as determinants of country differences in worker health and productivity in 31 European countries.  

PubMed

Work stress is recognized globally as a social determinant of worker health. Therefore we explored whether work stress related factors explained national differences in health and productivity (gross domestic product (GDP)). We proposed a national worker health productivity model whereby macro market power factors (i.e. union density), influence national worker health and GDP via work psychosocial factors and income inequality. We combined five different data sets canvasing 31 wealthy European countries. Aggregated worker self-reported health accounted for 13 per cent of the variance in national life expectancy and in national gross domestic product (GDP). The most important factors explaining worker self-reported health and GDP between nations were two levels of labor protection, macro-level (union density), and organizational-level (psychosocial safety climate, PSC, i.e. the extent of management concern for worker psychological health). The majority of countries with the highest levels of union density and PSC (i.e., workplace protections) were Social Democratic in nature (i.e., Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway). Results support a type of society explanation that social and economic factors (e.g., welfare regimes, work related policies) in concert with political power agents at a national level explain in part national differences in workplace protection (PSC) that are important for worker health and productivity. Attention should be given across all countries, to national policies to improve worker health, by bolstering national and local democratic processes and representation to address and implement policies for psychosocial risk factors for work stress, bullying and violence. Results suggest worker health is good for the economy, and should be considered in national health and productivity accounting. Eroding unionism may not be good for worker health or the economy either. PMID:23849285

Dollard, Maureen F; Neser, Daniel Y

2013-05-21

9

Moneyless Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moneyless economy (MLE) does not have any money in the economy. All products and services are free for all people. This means everybody must work, work for free, and get everything they want for free also. Any work that a society needs is considered legitimate. MLE is not socialism. MLE has the ability to provide a lifestyle that anyone wants.

Subhendu Das

2012-01-01

10

Brazilian Economy’s Boom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazil owns an economy directed towards the free market and the export and nowadays it is on the 9th place in the world and on the 1sr place in frame of the countries in Latin America. Internal economy: The service sector has the biggest weight of 67.7% in PIB frame followed by the industrial one with a share of 25.8%.

Gheorghe CARALICEA M?RCULESCU

2010-01-01

11

Global Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module from the Association of American Geographer's Center for Global Geography Education looks into the geographic characteristics of the global economy and the processes linking economic activities at local, regional, and global scales. Four case studies are included in the learning unit, each focusing on a different region (New Zealand, Chile, Central and South America, East/Southeast Asia).

2011-01-21

12

Antimatter Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Antimatter Economy will bring every country into the 21st century without destroying our environment and turn the Star Trek dream into reality by using antimatter from comets. At the April 2002 joint meeting of the American Physical Society and American Astronomical Society, I announced that comets were composed of antimatter, there were 109 antimatter elements, and the Periodic Table

Norm Hansen

2004-01-01

13

Moralized Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay I engage the moralizing of economy by bringing it into an encounter with political perspectives that displace moralizing with critical, philosophically-oriented thinking. Taking as the initiating provocation, the U.S. government's bailout of the American auto industry during the recent financial crisis, my analysis focuses on the ontological depth of automobile culture in the U. S. and proceeds

Michael Shapiro

14

Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 48 minute radio broadcast discusses how a switch between using fossil fuels - oil, coal, natural gas - with cleaner burning hydrogen might occur, thereby lowering production of the greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) and stopping global warming. The show also considers a report published in the journal, Science, that says no new technology is needed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is discussion about what national policies could make a hydrogen economy a reality; which renewable energy technologies should be developed and invested in; how hydrogen will be generated and stored; and how best to build the infrastructure needed for a sustainable energy future.

15

Antimatter Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Antimatter Economy will bring every country into the 21st century without destroying our environment and turn the Star Trek dream into reality by using antimatter from comets. At the April 2002 joint meeting of the American Physical Society and American Astronomical Society, I announced that comets were composed of antimatter, there were 109 antimatter elements, and the Periodic Table of Elements had been updated to include the antimatter elements. When matter and antimatter come together, energy is produce according to Einstein's equation of mass times the speed of light squared or E = mc2. Antimatter energy creates incredible opportunities for humanity. People in spacecraft will travel to the moon in hours, planets in days, and stars in weeks. Antimatter power will replace fossil plants and produce hydrogen from off-peak electrical power. Hydrogen will supplant gas in cars, trucks, and other vehicles. The billions of ton of coal, billions of barrels of oil, and trillions of cubic feet of natural gas will be used to make trillions of dollars of products to bring countries into the 21st century. Within this millennium, the Worlds Gross National Product will increase from 30 trillion to 3,000 trillion plus 1,500 trillion from space commercialization bringing the Total Gross National Product to 4,500 trillion. Millions of businesses and billions of jobs will be created. However, the real benefits will come from taking billions of people out of poverty and empowering them to pursue their dreams of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. Please visit www.AntimatterEnergy.com.

Hansen, Norm

2004-05-01

16

Growing a market economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents a microsimulation model of a transition economy. Transition is defined as the process of moving from a state-enterprise economy to a market economy. The emphasis is on growing a market economy starting from basic microprinciples. The model described in this report extends and modifies the capabilities of Aspen, a new agent-based model that is being developed at

N. Basu; R. J. Pryor

1997-01-01

17

Carbohydrate Economy Clearinghouse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A creation of the Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR), the Carbohydrate Economy Clearinghouse (CEC) provides up-to-date information on "all facets of the plant matter-based industrial economy" from paints and inks to fuels and construction materials made from plants. In addition to the latest "new materials economy" news, the CEC site hosts a directory of carbohydrate economy companies as well as ILSR reports on plant matter-based products and technologies (in English, French, and Spanish).

18

Renewable Hydrogen Carrier - Carbohydrate: Constructing the Carbon- Neutral Carbohydrate Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The hydrogen economy presents an appealing energy future but its implementation must solve numerous problems ranging from low-cost sustainable production, high-density storage, costly infrastructure, to eliminating safety concern. The use of renewable car...

J. R. Mielenz Y. P. Zhang

2011-01-01

19

ID scanners in the night time economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

ID scanners are quickly emerging as a new technological fix to long-standing problems of security and safety within licensed venues. Yet at this point in time detailed research of this rapidly expanding security technology is remarkably limited. To address this analytical deficit we are currently examining the uptake of ID scanners in licensed venues operating in the nighttime economy. We

Darren Palmer; Ian Warren; Peter Miller

2010-01-01

20

Protecting the Poor in Vietnam's Emerging Market Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

September 1998The very principles on which Vietnam's highly decentralized, community-based assistance and safety net system is built are threatened by the country's emerging market economy. Increasing household mobility, without which the market system cannot function, especially dictates a rethinking of the foundation of Vietnam's community-based safety net.Under Vietnam's former command economy, lack of household mobility ensured close community and family

Dominique van de Walle

1999-01-01

21

Growing a market economy  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a microsimulation model of a transition economy. Transition is defined as the process of moving from a state-enterprise economy to a market economy. The emphasis is on growing a market economy starting from basic microprinciples. The model described in this report extends and modifies the capabilities of Aspen, a new agent-based model that is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories on a massively parallel Paragon computer. Aspen is significantly different from traditional models of the economy. Aspen`s emphasis on disequilibrium growth paths, its analysis based on evolution and emergent behavior rather than on a mechanistic view of society, and its use of learning algorithms to simulate the behavior of some agents rather than an assumption of perfect rationality make this model well-suited for analyzing economic variables of interest from transition economies. Preliminary results from several runs of the model are included.

Basu, N.; Pryor, R.J.

1997-09-01

22

USSR Report, National Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This USSR report contains articles on the National Economy. The main topics are Economic Affairs, Agriculture, Human Resources, Forestry, Livestock, Domestic Trade, Consumer Goods, Education and Transportation.

1987-01-01

23

USSR Report, National Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This USSR report contains articles on the National Economy. The main topics are Economic Affairs, Agriculture, Livestock and Feed Procurement, Consumer Goods, Domestic Trade, Human Resources and Transportation.

1987-01-01

24

The 'New Economy' and Economic Growth in Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contribution of the 'new economy' to economic growth in developing countries has so far been minimal. Despite the recent hype, the 'old economy' will for long be the fundamental force behind economic growth in transition economies. Nonetheless, in the longer run the 'new economy' offers great potential for faster economic growth in postsocialist economies. Realizing this potential is however

Marcin Piatkowski

2002-01-01

25

Birth centers Economy, safety, and empowerment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first three-quarters of this century saw births in the United States shift dramatically from the home toward hospital-based, physician-oriented care. More recently, the establishment and proliferation of modern birth centers and the increased numbers of certified nurse-midwives in this country have expanded birth alternatives for women but not without controversy. The objectives of this article are as follows: 1)

Matthew C. Spitzer

1995-01-01

26

Shadow Economy and Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to investigate the relationship between shadow economy and poverty by explaining the mechanism through which shadow economy affects poverty via its impact on government size and economic growth, and using the human poverty index (HPI) for developing and developed countries. In order to achieve this objective, the three-way interaction model is utilized using data of 139 developing

Hesam Nikopour; Muzafar Shah Habibullah

2010-01-01

27

Economies of scale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working in groups of three, students analyze economies of scale. Each student constructs an individual short-run ATC curve, then the three students collaborate to determine if there are economies or diseconomies of scale and to create the long run ATC.

Maier, Mark

28

Predicting Individual Fuel Economy  

SciTech Connect

To make informed decisions about travel and vehicle purchase, consumers need unbiased and accurate information of the fuel economy they will actually obtain. In the past, the EPA fuel economy estimates based on its 1984 rules have been widely criticized for overestimating on-road fuel economy. In 2008, EPA adopted a new estimation rule. This study compares the usefulness of the EPA's 1984 and 2008 estimates based on their prediction bias and accuracy and attempts to improve the prediction of on-road fuel economies based on consumer and vehicle attributes. We examine the usefulness of the EPA fuel economy estimates using a large sample of self-reported on-road fuel economy data and develop an Individualized Model for more accurately predicting an individual driver's on-road fuel economy based on easily determined vehicle and driver attributes. Accuracy rather than bias appears to have limited the usefulness of the EPA 1984 estimates in predicting on-road MPG. The EPA 2008 estimates appear to be equally inaccurate and substantially more biased relative to the self-reported data. Furthermore, the 2008 estimates exhibit an underestimation bias that increases with increasing fuel economy, suggesting that the new numbers will tend to underestimate the real-world benefits of fuel economy and emissions standards. By including several simple driver and vehicle attributes, the Individualized Model reduces the unexplained variance by over 55% and the standard error by 33% based on an independent test sample. The additional explanatory variables can be easily provided by the individuals.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

2011-01-01

29

Canadian Economy Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's a bird, it's a plane, no, it's Captain Economy! That's right, at this very comprehensive site devoted to Canada's economy, visitors can ask the little green guy with the cape and dollar sign on his chest for help. In fact, his first feat is to address just what an economy is anyway. The site offers all sorts of statistics about all of the great economic indicators like inflation rate, unemployment rate, exchange rate, etc. Visitors to the site can click on one of the subpages devoted to explaining economic topics such as Key Indicators, Economic Concepts, and Key Economic Events.

30

The economies of synthesis†  

PubMed Central

In this tutorial review the economies of synthesis are analysed from both detailed and macroscopic perspectives, using case-studies from complex molecule synthesis. Atom, step, and redox economy are more than philosophical constructs, but rather guidelines, which enable the synthetic chemist to design and execute an efficient synthesis. Students entering the field of synthesis might find this tutorial helpful for understanding the subtle differences between these economic principles and also see real-world situations where such principles are put into practice.

Newhouse, Timothy

2010-01-01

31

Economy and Environment: EPA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economy and Environment division is a part of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Its aim is to "carry out research and analysis of the interactions and relationships between the economy and environmental pollution control as well as other aspects of environmental economics." The site features the Environmental Economics Report Manager, a searchable database of reports relating to environmental economics. Some of the reports can be downloaded in Word, Acrobat or WordPerfect format. The site provides the EPA Regulatory Impact Analyses (RIAs) Database, which allows users to search and locate RIAs. Funding and job information are also available.

1997-01-01

32

GLOBAL MARKETS AND OPEN REGIONAL ECONOMIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an open market economy sub-national regional economies are, in principle, exposed to global markets in the same way as national economies. It follows therefore that, without protection, regional economies face the same risks as national economies, but also the same potential benefits, from participation in the global economy. Therefore, unless policy makers wish to shield regional economies from global

Andrew Harrison

33

The Moral Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scottish philosophers in the eighteenth century interpreted the market economy as a “civil society,” a path toward freedom and a new morality, separate from monarchal government. They expected markets to be self regulating and expected them to function with ties to a moral life. The market was a civil order, but that vision was destroyed when corporations rose to power

Severyn T. Bruyn

1999-01-01

34

Education and the Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between education and the United States (U.S.) economy was explored to identify research needed to inform employment policy in the future. Special attention was paid to the following topics: the state of education in the U.S.; key problems in grades K-12 that must be addressed; student achievement; inequity; costs of special…

Hollenbeck, Kevin M.

2001-01-01

35

Equality and Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two big events in higher education during 2010 were the implementation of the Equality Act, and the introduction of a new dispensation on fees and funding. The former is intended to promote equality, the latter is premised on the need for economy. In this article, the author focuses on the effect of the latter on the former. He considers this…

Brink, Chris

2012-01-01

36

Environment and Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Economy and ecology have become almost irreconcilable words of tension in our time. They who mismanage the earth will destroy her. They who do not avail themselves of the earth will have mankind reduced to poverty. The common weal and the prosperity of th...

1982-01-01

37

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

38

Anomalies in Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results in cognitive psychology and experimental economics indicate that under identifiable conditions individuals do not act in an economically rational way. These results are important for Political Economy. Anomalies appear in the behaviour of voters, politicans and administrators. Economic markets do not fully eliminate anomalies in the aggregation process. It is shown that political aggregation by democracy, bargaining or bureaucracy

Bruno S. Frey; Reiner Eichenberger

1991-01-01

39

The College Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the United States grinds its way through a halting economic recovery, one thing has become abundantly clear: The recession of 2007 continues to reshape the economy in significant and permanent ways. Perhaps the most profound change is the accelerating disappearance of good-paying jobs that require only a high-school education or less. That…

Carnevale, Anthony P.

2012-01-01

40

Visualize Economy Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module from the GeoTech Center provides a link to a zip file including a number of documents on the economy and recession. Students will learn key economic terms, compare unemployment rates and use maps to analyze the data provided. Detailed lesson plans are provided as a part of the zip file.

2013-06-18

41

Fueling the Green Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Obama administration, along with many others, has placed a high priority on accelerating the nation's transition to a cleaner, greener economy. Transforming the nation's economic, energy, and environmental systems to become more sustainable will require a level of expertise, innovation, and cooperation unseen since the 1940s war effort.…

Elder, James

2009-01-01

42

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

43

The Hydrogen Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from Jeremy Rifkin looks into the "hydrogen economy"- that is, the potential for hydrogen to fuel our future. In addition to discussing the particulars of fuel cells and other technology, the article touches on important topics like reliance on foreign oil. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Rifkin, Jeremy; Sullivan, Jem

2012-01-06

44

The College Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the United States grinds its way through a halting economic recovery, one thing has become abundantly clear: The recession of 2007 continues to reshape the economy in significant and permanent ways. Perhaps the most profound change is the accelerating disappearance of good-paying jobs that require only a high-school education or less. That…

Carnevale, Anthony P.

2012-01-01

45

America's coal economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A post-strike appraisal of the coal industry focuses on some relevant problems of an economy seeking greater reliance on coal. Still committed to coal, the administration bases its policy on availability, although there is disagreement over the extent of recoverable reserves. The National Energy Plan, which includes proposals for tax and regulatory measures to encourage utilities and industries to switch

1978-01-01

46

Laboratory Ventilation and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to meet the needs of both safety and economy, laboratory ventilation systems must effectively remove air-borne toxic and flammable materials and at the same time exhaust a minimum volume of air. Laboratory hoods are the most commonly used means of removing gases, dusts, mists, vapors, and fumed from laboratory operations. To be…

Steere, Norman V.

1965-01-01

47

Laboratory Ventilation and Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the needs of both safety and economy, laboratory ventilation systems must effectively remove air-borne toxic and flammable materials and at the same time exhaust a minimum volume of air. Laboratory hoods are the most commonly used means of removing gases, dusts, mists, vapors, and fumed from laboratory operations. To be effective,…

Steere, Norman V.

1965-01-01

48

Political Economy of Peace  

Microsoft Academic Search

The globalization of the world's economies has accelerated the breaking up of traditional habitats without providing new ones.\\u000a Even advanced industrial nations are experiencing de-industrialization without a clear sense of how to adapt to it. The uneven\\u000a levels of development among the world's nations and regions and the changing roles that define the interplay between the private\\u000a and public sector,

Ray L. Franklin

49

Implementing a hydrogen economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

President Bush, during his State of the Union Address this year, pronounced a $1.2 billion jump-start to the hydrogen economy. The move would represent not only freedom from US-dependence on foreign oil, which is a national security issue, but also a necessary and gargantuan step toward improving the environment by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere.

James A Ritter; Armin D Ebner; Jun Wang; Ragaiy Zidan

2003-01-01

50

Economy class syndrome.  

PubMed

A recent case of the "Economy Class Syndrome" is presented, emphasizing the syndrome's aeromedical implications and prevention. The clinical presentation, current modes of prophylaxis and therapy, plus a brief but pertinent historical background, are described. The syndrome is potentially fatal, and the authors stress that the condition needs to be recognized as a preventable hazard of air travel. Adoption of the preventive measures described herein can assist in promoting healthy air travel. PMID:7832740

Sahiar, F; Mohler, S R

1994-10-01

51

The Information Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Information Economy, maintained by Professor Hal R. Varian, Dean of the School of Information Management and Systems at the University of California, Berkeley, includes online information about "the Economics of the Internet, Information Goods, Intellectual Property and Related Issues." This directory includes a vast number of Websites dealing with topics including electronic publishing; intellectual property; network economics; and security, encryption, and privacy. Each section of the directory is divided into subtopics and includes succinct annotations and reviews of the sites.

2007-06-11

52

Superconductivity for hydrogen economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The emerging hydrogen economy is expected to deal with a large amount of liquid hydrogen produced from the renewable energy resources. The main advantage of liquid hydrogen in comparison with other forms of its storage and transportation is in allowing wide use of superconductivity, which would optimise energy efficiency of the economy. The basic element of the infrastructure for hydrogen economy is a network of superconducting pipelines carrying simultaneously liquid hydrogen and loss-free electricity. The most likely material for such infrastructure is MgB2, the only superconductor efficiently working at boiling temperature of liquid hydrogen and not showing strong critical current reduction on grain boundaries. The cheap techniques for the preparation of MgB2 are hot isostatic pressing, resistive sintering and paint coating. These and other advanced techniques are able to provide MgB2 with suitable for the infrastructure structural and superconducting properties. The preparation of a large-area superconducting joint between two pieces of MgB2 as a technique enabling this infrastructure is reported. A potential of synergy between liquid hydrogen and superconductivity is revealed in a range of possible new energy applications.

Mikheenko, P.

2011-03-01

53

The Sustainable Hydrogen Economy  

ScienceCinema

Identifying and building a sustainable energy system is perhaps one of the most critical issues that today's society must address. Replacing our current energy carrier mix with a sustainable fuel is one of the key pieces in that system. Hydrogen as an energy carrier, primarily derived from water, can address issues of sustainability, environmental emissions and energy security. The hydrogen economy then is the production of hydrogen, its distribution and utilization as an energy carrier. A key piece of this hydrogen economy is the fuel cell. A fuel cell converts the chemical energy in a fuel into low-voltage dc electricity and when using hydrogen as the fuel, the only emission is water vapor. While the basic understanding of fuel cell technology has been known since 1839, it has only been recently that fuel cells have shown their potential as an energy conversion device for both transportation and stationary applications. This talk will introduce the sustainable hydrogen economy and address some of the issues and barriers relating to its deployment as part of a sustainable energy system.

54

Comparison between response dynamics in transition economies and developed economies.  

PubMed

In developed economies, the sign of the price increment influences the volatility in an asymmetric fashion--negative increments tend to result in larger volatility (increments with larger magnitudes), while positive increments result in smaller volatility. We explore whether this asymmetry extends from developed economies to European transition economies and, if so, how such asymmetry changes over time as these transition economies develop and mature. We analyze eleven European transition economies and compare the results with those obtained by analyzing U.S. market indices. Specifically, we calculate parameters that quantify both the volatility asymmetry and the strength of its dependence on prior increments. We find that, like their developed economy counterparts, almost all transition economy indices exhibit a significant volatility asymmetry, and the parameter ? characterizing asymmetry fluctuates more over time for transition economies. We also investigate how the association between volatility and volatility asymmetry varies by type of market. We test the hypothesis of a negative correlation between volatility and volatility asymmetry. We find that, for developed economies, ? experiences local minima during (i) "Black Monday" on October 19, 1987, (ii) the dot-com bubble crash in 2002, and (iii) the 2007-2009 global crisis while for transition economies, ? experiences local maxima during times of economic crisis. PMID:21230342

Tenenbaum, Joel; Horvati?, Davor; Baji?, Slavica Cosovi?; Pehlivanovi?, Be?o; Podobnik, Boris; Stanley, H Eugene

2010-10-08

55

Financing pharmaceuticals in transition economies.  

PubMed

This paper (a) provides a methodological taxonomy of pricing, financing, reimbursement, and cost containment methodologies for pharmaceuticals; (b) analyzes complex agency relationships and the health versus industrial policy tradeoff; (c) pinpoints financing measures to balance safety and effectiveness of medicines and their affordability by publicly funded systems in transition; and (d) highlights viable options for policy-makers for the financing of pharmaceuticals in transition. Three categories of measures and their implications for pharmaceutical policy cost containing are analyzed: supply-side measures, targeting manufacturers, proxy demand-side measures, targeting physicians and pharmacists, and demand-side measures, targeting patients. In pursuing supply side measures, we explore free pricing for pharmaceuticals, direct price controls, cost-plus and cost pricing, average pricing and international price comparisons, profit control, reference pricing, the introduction of a fourth hurdle, positive and negative lists, and other price control measures. The analysis of proxy-demand measures includes budgets for physicians, generic policies, practice guidelines, monitoring the authorizing behavior of physicians, and disease management schemes. Demand-side measures explore the effectiveness of patient co-payments, the impact of allowing products over-the-counter and health promotion programs. Global policies should operate simultaneously on the supply, the proxy demand, and the demand-side. Policy-making needs to have a continuous long-term planning. The importation of policies into transition economy may require extensive and expensive adaptation, and/or lead to sub-optimal policy outcomes. PMID:10234068

Kanavos, P

1999-06-01

56

Macroeconomics in an open economy.  

PubMed

The customary treatment of national economies as closed and self-contained must be substantially modified to allow for those economies that typically trade goods, services, and securities with other countries in increasing volume. Open economy macroeconomics is essential to understanding the major events of the U.S. economy over the past half dozen years. Both the sharp rise in the dollar and the unprecedentedly large U.S. trade deficit are linked to the U.S. budget deficit, as is the drop in the rate of inflation. PMID:17756868

Cooper, R N

1986-09-12

57

Towards a Hydrogen Economy  

SciTech Connect

From electrolysis and thermolysis to production from biomass, hydrogen production methods are falling into place. So is storage, via all modes of gaseous, liquid, slush, and metal hydride systems. But proponents need to address the perception that hydrogen poses a severe safety risk, since the evidence suggests its risks are of the same order of magnitude as gasoline or natural gas.

Sherif, S.A.; Barbir, Frano; Veziroglu, T.N.

2005-07-01

58

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...average fuel economy. (a) Vehicle configuration fuel economy values. (1) For each vehicle configuration for which a fuel economy value...economy value. (2) For each vehicle configuration specified in paragraph...

2012-10-01

59

49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...average fuel economy. (a) Vehicle configuration fuel economy values. (1) For each vehicle configuration for which a fuel economy value...economy value. (2) For each vehicle configuration specified in paragraph...

2011-10-01

60

The New Economy: Ethical Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new economy is a technological revolution involving the information and communication technologies and which affects almost all aspects of the economy, business, and our personal lives. The problems it raises for businesses are not radically new, and even less so from an ethical viewpoint. However, they deserve particular attention, especially now, in the first years of the 21st century,

Antonio Argandoña

2003-01-01

61

The Political Economy of Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Political Economy of Terrorism presents a widely accessible political economy approach to the study of terrorism. It applies economic methodology – theoretical and empirical – combined with political analysis and realities to the study of domestic and transnational terrorism. In so doing, the book provides both a qualitative and quantitative investigation of terrorism in a balanced up-to-date presentation that

Walter Enders; Todd Sandler

62

Radiation processing and market economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the system of totalitarian economy, regulated by bureaucracy, the real value of equipment, materials and services is almost completely unknown, what makes impossible the comparison of different technologies, eliminates competition, disturbs research and development. With introduction of market economy in Central and Eastern Europe, the radiation processing has lost doubtful support, becoming an independent business, subject to laws of

Z. P. Zagórski

1998-01-01

63

Iraq's Economy: Past, Present, Future.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For most of its history, the government of Iraq has played an active role stimulating and directing the Iraqi economy. This pattern was most pronounced during the recent regime of Saddam Hussein, which was at root a centrally-directed command economy with...

J. E. Sanford

2003-01-01

64

The New Comparative Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the collapse of communism in the late 1980s the field of comparative political economy has undergone major revision. Socialism is no longer considered the viable alternative to capitalism it once was. We now recognize that the choice is between alternative institutional arrangements of capitalism. Progress in the field of comparative political economy is achieved by examining how different legal,

Peter J. Boettke; Christopher J. Coyne; Peter T. Leeson; Frederic Sautet

2005-01-01

65

Enterprise skills for the economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In response to the emergence of an enterprise economy, government claims that building an enterprise culture is vital. Correspondingly, provision of entrepreneurship education in higher education has expanded. The paper aims to assess the potential of entrepreneurship education to develop skills, and of whether students perceive them as having value within the modern economy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper

Laura Galloway; Maggie Anderson; Wendy Brown; Laura Wilson

2005-01-01

66

Update on the Venezuelan Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines recent economic data, including the most recent data released the third week of August 2010, in an attempt to evaluate the Venezuelan economy's prospects in the foreseeable future. It finds that the Venezuelan economy, which went into recession in the first quarter of 2009 after six years of record economic growth, is now most likely in recovery,

Mark Weisbrot; Rebecca Ray

2010-01-01

67

America and the New Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The monograph looks at the economic outlook of the future or what's being called the 'new economy'. It explains the new economy from the point of view of people at work. Specifically, it examines the impact of changing competitive standards, new technolog...

A. P. Carnevale

1991-01-01

68

Fertility and the economy.  

PubMed

Fertility and the economy is examined in the context of the Malthusian question about the links between family choices and longterm economic growth. Micro level differences are not included not are a comprehensive range of economic or determinant variables. Specific attention is paid to income and price effects, the quality of children, overlapping generations, mortality effects, uncertainty, and economic growth. Fertility and the demand for children in linked to parental incomes and the cost of rearing children, which is affected by public policies that change the costs. Demand is also related to child and adult mortality, and uncertainty about sex of the child. Fertility in one generation affects fertility in the next. Malthusian and neoclassical models do not capture the current model of modern economies with rising income/capita and human and physical capital, extensive involvement of married women in the labor force, and declining fertility to very low levels. In spite of the present advances in firm knowledge about the relationships between fertility and economic and social variables, there is still much greater ignorance of the interactions. The Malthusian utility function that says fertility rises and falls with income did hold up to 2 centuries of scrutiny, and the Malthusian inclusion of the shifting tastes in his analysis could be translated in the modern context to include price of children. The inclusion of net cost has significant consequences, i.e., rural fertility can be higher because the cost of rearing when children contribute work to maintaining the farm is lower than in the city. An income tax deduction for children in the US reduces cost. Economic growth raises the cost of children due the time spent on child care becoming more valuable. The modern context has changed from Malthusian time, and the cost of education, training, and medical care is relevant. The implication is that a rise in income could reduce the demand for children when education and training of children increases. Quality is substituted for quantity. The neoclassical model that "the capital-labor ratio and the degree of capital deepening" is affected by population growth is examined as well as the modern approach, and the implications are expressed, i.e., intergenerational transfers and parental altruism. PMID:12285413

Becker, G S

1992-08-01

69

Final Environmental Impact Statement. Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2011-2015.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) prepared this Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) to analyze and disclose the potential environmental impacts of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for the total fleet of pass...

2008-01-01

70

Final Environmental Impact Statement: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2012-2016. Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) prepared this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to analyze and disclose the potential environmental impacts of the proposed model years (MYs) 2012-2016 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) sta...

2010-01-01

71

Final Environmental Impact Statement: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2012-2016.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) prepared this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to analyze and disclose the potential environmental impacts of the proposed model years (MYs) 2012-2016 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) sta...

2010-01-01

72

Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, Model Years 2012-2016: Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) prepared this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to analyze and disclose the potential environmental impacts of the proposed model year (MY) 2012-2016 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) stand...

2009-01-01

73

Developments in Brazilian food safety policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazil is an important case study of food safety policies because it is the eighth largest economy in the world in terms of Gross Domestic Product. Analysis of the policy and quality management initiatives of the Brazilian government shows that recent activities are more strongly oriented toward assuring access to international markets than to assuring the safety of food sold

Julie A. Caswell

1998-01-01

74

Investment in emerging market economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article empirically models investment in emerging economies. Using dynamic panel estimation methods and quarterly data\\u000a for 31 emerging economies for the period 1990:1–2008:3, we show that (i) the GDP and the cost of capital are the key fundamental\\u000a determinants of investment; (ii) financial factors (such as equity prices, credit and lending rate) play a relevant role on\\u000a the dynamics

Tuomas A. Peltonen; Ricardo M. Sousa; Isabel S. Vansteenkiste

2012-01-01

75

The New Economy: Reality and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the new economy (alias the knowledge-based economy). I examine the different meanings attached to the new economy term and the evidence surrounding it, concentrating on the upsurge in US productivity growth between 1995 and 2000. I argue that the reports of the death of the new economy have been greatly exaggerated. There is evidence that information technology

JOHN VAN REENEN

2005-01-01

76

State of the Economy: Overview, January 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today In New York, President Bush Delivered A Report On The State Of America's Economy. The President highlighted our strong and dynamic economy, and discussed the challenges we face in keeping the economy growing. The U.S. economy is resilient and respon...

2007-01-01

77

75 FR 34520 - The Future of Aviation Advisory Committee (FAAC) Aviation Safety Subcommittee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and its capability to manage effectively the evolving transportation needs, challenges, and opportunities of the global economy. The Aviation Safety Subcommittee will develop a list of priority safety issues to be referred to the full...

2010-06-17

78

49 CFR 1.50 - Delegation to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administrator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2010, motorcyclist safety; (10) Section 2011, child safety and child booster seat incentive grants; (11) Section 2012...Section 108, National Academy of Sciences Study of Medium-Duty and Heavy-Duty Truck Fuel Economy;...

2011-10-01

79

Study on the development of dynamic alliance enterprises' low-carbon economy on market economy condition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the differences and integration development of low carbon economy and industrial economy.? As an example of the method of dynamic alliance enterprises' cooperative competition,? combines the development characteristics and elements of low carbon economy, discusses and analyses the laws and characteristics of the development of low carbon industrial economy under the market economy condition .Besides,? it proposes

Yue Yang; Shu-hui Wen

2011-01-01

80

Lightning Safety  

MedlinePLUS

Lightning Safety: When Thunder Roars, Go Indoors! What's New? September 2013 Lightning Safety Blog What You Need to Know: Tips for Safety NWS Lightning Safety Awareness Message 2013 Lightning Deaths in 2013 ...

81

Overjustification effects in token economies.  

PubMed Central

This study tested the relevance to clinical token economies of the overjustification hypothesis that tangible reward interferes with intrinsic interest in target behaviors and causes such behaviors to be less probable following a period of reinforcement than preceding such a period. The study was carried out in an ongoing token economy for chronic psychiatric patients. Alternated over an 8-week period were weeks of token and no-token reward for one of the program's target behaviors, toothbrushing. Two different amounts of token reward were employed in order to examine whether reward magnitude might influence the presence or extent of overjustification effects. Little evidence was found for the presence of overjustification effects in token economies. However, maintenance of toothbrushing was greater in no-token weeks following weeks of low amounts of token reward than in no-token weeks following weeks of higher amounts of reward. The importance of such complex functional relationships is discussed.

Fisher, E B

1979-01-01

82

Financial liberalization and economy crisis: macromodelling the Thai economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introductory part of this thesis identifies developments in world financial markets, and then focuses upon the financial crisis that afflicted East Asia and Thailand in particular. The crisis in Thailand that began in mid 1997 occurred due to a loss of intemational and domestic confidence in the Thai economy arising from the weakness of its financial sector. This in

Wilai Auepiyachut

2000-01-01

83

Embedding Energy Industry into Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In contrast to other studies of this kind the authors have starting from global economic aspects via aspects of national economy, tried to get to the level of single technologies. The solutions of the problems are exemplified by the following four items: ...

E. Hoepfinger F. Drepper R. Heckler H. P. Schwefel

1982-01-01

84

Motor vehicle economy measuring instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

A device is disclosed for providing an operator of a motor vehicle with a continuous indication of gas mileage and engine efficiency and operating conditions as well as an indication of the effect the operator's driving habits have upon fuel economy. A vacuum gauge device is provided the input of which is coupled to a source of vacuum from the

Byington; M. R. Jr

1976-01-01

85

Indian Economy in 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is silver lining in the dark clouds at the horizon for the Indian economy. In the short term India has to sacrifice little growth in the fiscal year 1991-92 and in all likelihood it would not be very good in 1992-93. In the short run, the external economic environment is not favourable especially prospects of foreign trade in immediate

Rastogi A B

86

The Political Economy of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The political economy of education treats education as a factor shaped by the power relations between different economic, political, and social groups. Specific topics discussed include the economic value of education, education as an allocator of economic roles, education and social class, education and income distribution, and education and…

Carnoy, Martin

1985-01-01

87

Gravity in the Weightless Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the international mobility of technology through the lens of multinational firms. We show that gravity applies to the activity of multinational firms, and the strength of gravity is greatest in technologically-complex, research and development intensive industries. To explain gravity in the weightless economy, we develop a model in which a multinational's production can be fragmented into intermediates

Wolfgang Keller; Stephen R Yeaple

2009-01-01

88

The Political Economy of Terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Political Economy of Terrorism, first published in 2006, presents a widely accessible approach to the study of terrorism that combines economic methods with political analysis and realities. It applies economic methodology - theoretical and empirical - with political analysis to the study of domestic and transnational terrorism. Included in the treatment are historical aspects of the phenomenon, a discussion

Walter Enders; Todd Sandler

89

The Coffee Economy of Colombia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is based on the findings of a mission to Colombia in September/October 1967, sponsored by the Tripartite Coffee Study. It provides a step-by-step summation and assessment of the coffee economy of Colombia, covering Colombia in world coffee tra...

G. Kalmanoff

1968-01-01

90

Adventures in the Alaska Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication was developed to increase students' understanding of basic economic concepts and the historical development of Alaska's economy. Comics depict major historical events as they occurred, but specific characters are fictionalized. Each of nine episodes is accompanied by several pages of explanatory text, which enlarges on the episode…

Jackstadt, Steve; Huskey, Lee

91

The Political Economy of Dictatorship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although much of the world still lives today, as always, under dictatorship, the behaviour of these regimes and of their leaders often appears irrational and mysterious. In The Political Economy of Dictatorship, Ronald Wintrobe uses rational choice theory to model dictatorships: their strategies for accumulating power, the constraints on their behavior, and why they are often more popular than is

Ronald Wintrobe

92

Adventures in the Alaska Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication was developed to increase students' understanding of basic economic concepts and the historical development of Alaska's economy. Comics depict major historical events as they occurred, but specific characters are fictionalized. Each of nine episodes is accompanied by several pages of explanatory text, which enlarges on the…

Jackstadt, Steve; Huskey, Lee

93

A course in Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Office hours: Tues 14:00 - 15:30 or by appointment Debates and Struggles on Neoliberal Globalism, the US Empire and fossil fuel societies. This seminar is taught from the interdisciplinary tradition of Canadian Political Economy, in which social, political and economic relations are conceived historically and comparatively. Political economists seek to understand tensions within society as they produce struggle and social

Gordon Laxer

2008-01-01

94

The Expanding World Information Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three articles analyze the following aspects of the world information economy: (1) the role of the Soviet Union's information system--VINITI--in the implementation of the State STI (Scientific and Technical Information) system; (2) Britain's information policies; and (3) Europe's expanding market for information technology. (MAB)|

Nesterov, Pyotr V.

1991-01-01

95

Steps toward the hydrogen economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hydrogen economy is defined as the industrial system in which one of the universal energy carriers is hydrogen (the other is electricity) and hydrogen is oxidized to water that may be reused by applying an external energy source for dissociation of water into its component elements hydrogen and oxygen. There are three different primary energy-supply system classes which may

S. S. Penner

2006-01-01

96

Political economy of central banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current developments in the field of comparative political economy have emphasised the role and influence of corporatist institutions in the determination of levels of economic and social performance. Without denying the importance of corporatism, the paper argues for the need to acknowledge and examine the impact of other institutions, such as central banks, on economic performance. Given the increasing role

Kanishka Jayasuriya

1994-01-01

97

Energy, environment, and the economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This publication was conceived as a collection of energy and environment related papers presented at two seminars: Energy, Economy and the Environment held at Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, November 1980; and Ecological Implications of Energy Production which was organized during the 57th Annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science at Lancaster, PA, April 1981. Various aspects of energy related

Majumdar

1981-01-01

98

Czechoslovakia: Transition to a Market Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides an overview of the economy and discusses policy reforms and institutional changes deemed necessary for achieving a quick transition from a centrally planned to a market economy. It stresses the need to pursue policy and institutional r...

1991-01-01

99

TRUCKING OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS: SAFETY VS. ECONOMY IN HIGHWAY TRANSPORT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accident experiences of large motor carriers in the United States ; are studied in considerable detail in order to devise and estimate suitable ; measures of the accident risk to truck shipments of highly radioactive materials. ; Variations in both accident frequency and accident severity are related to the ; operating characteristics of tractor-semitrailers on highways, so that a

Leimkuhler

1963-01-01

100

The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This comprehensive overview of the modern Chinese economy by a noted expert on China's economic development offers a quality and breadth of coverage not found in any other English-language text. In The Chinese Economy, Barry Naughton provides both an engaging, broadly focused introduction to China's economy since 1949 and original insights based on his own extensive research. The book will

Barry Naughton

101

The food industry and provincial economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the significance of the food industry for the Zhejiang provincial economy and for provincial economies generally. It is suggested that the strong ties between the food industry and provincial economies in China means that the food industry can be a key influence in the economic development of regional China. Moreover, the geographically diffuse nature of the food

Greg Walsh MA; Duo Li

2004-01-01

102

Structure and Scale in the Roman Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book by the author of The Economy of the Roman Empire: Quantitative Studies considers important interlocking themes. Did the Roman Empire have a single 'national' economy, or was its economy localised and fragmented? Can coin and pottery survivals demonstrate the importance of long-distance trade? How fast did essential news travel by sea, and what does that imply about Mediterranean

Richard Duncan-Jones

1990-01-01

103

The Seamy Side of the Global Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revolutionary developments in technology and the deregulation of borders and economies have enhanced efficiency, stimulated growth, and expanded opportunities for four to five billion people around the world to join the market-oriented global economy over the last generation. But the global economy also has a seamy underside often neglected in academic discussions. This article offers a brief introduction to some

Alfred E. Eckes Jr.

2011-01-01

104

Teaching Business Strategy for an Emerging Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Internet-based simulation about a business in an emerging economy is presented and described as a crucial ingredient for a business strategy course dealing with emerging economies. The development of the course took place in three separate classes where experiments were conducted regarding the key ingredients necessary for a course designed to teach Business Strategies for an Emerging Economy. The

Van V. Miller

2003-01-01

105

Analyzing economic fluctuations in emerging market economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic fluctuations are analyzed by economists in order to understand how the economy responds to shocks caused by both the external environment and local events (both political and economic). Adequate knowledge of the causes and consequences of these shocks on the economy allows authorities to design policies that help dampen its adverse effects. In advanced economies, this field is a

Carlos C. Bautista

106

Economies of scope and economies of agglomeration: The Goldstein-Gronberg contribution revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following on from the work of Goldstein and Gronberg, it is argued that under certain conditions, internal economies of scope form the bases for two types of agglomeration economy. These differ from two better known types, which are based on internal and external economies of scale. A further two types of agglomeration economy are shown to derive from particular forms

John B. Parr

2004-01-01

107

Advanced Materials and the Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in materials science and engineering have impact quickly throughout the economy. On the average, every person in the US requires the securing and processing of some 20,000 pounds of nonrenewable, nonfuel mineral resources each year. Industries engaged in the direct production of primary materials employ approximately 1.5 million wage and salaried personnel, or about 1.5% of the labor force.

Joel P. Clark; Merton C. Flemings

1986-01-01

108

Gravity in the Weightless Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that gravity applies to the activity of multinational …rms, and the strength of gravity is greatest in technologically-complex, research and development intensive industries. To explain gravity in the weightless economy, we develop a model in which a multinational's production can be fragmented into intermediates that vary in the codi…ability of their technology. Poorly codi…ed technology requires face-to-face communication

Wolfgang Keller; Stephen R. Yeaple

2010-01-01

109

Perspectives on the world economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  In conclusion let me summarise: the world economy can be made to move again, perhaps not as fast as in the phase before 1973.\\u000a But to this end many efforts, now absorbed in counterproductive distribution quarrels and in actions to defend indefensible\\u000a positions, will have to be redirected in favour of future-oriented activities in markets that ought to be open.

Herbert Giersch

1985-01-01

110

Dismantling the Cold War economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

End-of-the-Cold-War economic realities include political jockeying over the future of weapons systems, a paucity of meaningful conversion efforts, and a suspicion that a weak economy will be unable to compensate for the loss of jobs and purchasing power as defense budgets are reduced. The authors of this book present three interrelated hypotheses: The first is that the existence of a

A. Markusen; J. Yudkin

1992-01-01

111

Outlook for the global economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The end of the 1970s also brought to a close a growth phase of the world economy which had lasted more than 20 years and been\\u000a interrupted only by relatively mild reverses. Although, after a recession of somewhat longer than 2 years, the preconditions\\u000a have now improved for a return to the path of economic recovery, at least in most

Hans-Ulrich Grimm

1984-01-01

112

Precious Metal Catalysts Supported on Ceramic and Metal Monolithic Structures for the Hydrogen Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed hydrogen for the hydrogen economy will require new catalysts and processes. Existing large?scale hydrogen plants can not simply be reduced in size to meet the economic, safety, and frequent duty cycle requirements for applications for fuel cells, hydrogen fueling stations, and industrial uses such as hydrogenation reactions, gas turbine cooling, metal processing, etc 12. Consequently, there is a need

Robert J. Farrauto; Ye Liu; Wolfgang Ruettinger; Oleg Ilinich; Larry Shore; Tom Giroux

2007-01-01

113

The Transmission of Financial Stress from Advanced to Emerging Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies how financial stress, defined as periods of impaired financial intermediation, is transmitted from advanced to emerging economies using a new financial stress index for emerging economies. Previous financial crises in advanced economies passed through strongly and rapidly to emerging economies. The unprecedented spike in financial stress in advanced economies elevated stress across emerging economies above levels seen

Ravi Balakrishnan; Stephan Danninger; Selim Elekdag; Irina Tytell

2011-01-01

114

Keeping Healthy When the Economy Is Not  

MedlinePLUS

... Based Decisionmaking Improving Primary Care Practice Resources Quality & Patient Safety Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) Patient Safety Measure Tools & Resources Pharmacy Health Literacy Center Surveys ...

115

Bolivia's economy--an update.  

PubMed

This report looks at Bolivia's main economic indicators over the past year (mid-2006 to mid-2007), noting improvements in growth, fiscal balances, balance of payments, and international reserves. These improvements were largely due to government policies and choices, such as increased hydrocarbons royalties and control over the hydrocarbons sector, and have allowed the government to embark on a number of programs targeting the poor and landless. The report also notes that Bolivia faces many challenges: expansion of land reform, more rapid growth and poverty reduction, the reduction of regional and demographic disparities, and an accelerated diversification of the economy away from hydrocarbons and minerals. PMID:18459287

Weisbrot, Mark; Sandoval, Luis

2008-01-01

116

Supergroups and economies of scale.  

PubMed

With the changing environment for medical practice, physician practice models will continue to evolve. These "supergoups'' create economies of scale, but their advantage is not only in the traditional economic sense. Practices with enough size are able to better meet the challenges of medical practice with increasing regulatory demands, explosion of clinical knowledge, quality and information technology initiatives, and an increasingly tight labor market. Smaller practices can adapt some of these strategies selectively. Depending on the topic, smaller practices should think differently about how to approach the challenges of practice. PMID:19038641

Schlossberg, Steven

2009-02-01

117

Equilibrium in a Production Economy  

SciTech Connect

Consider a closed production-consumption economy with multiple agents and multiple resources. The resources are used to produce the consumption good. The agents derive utility from holding resources as well as consuming the good produced. They aim to maximize their utility while the manager of the production facility aims to maximize profits. With the aid of a representative agent (who has a multivariable utility function) it is shown that an Arrow-Debreu equilibrium exists. In so doing we establish technical results that will be used to solve the stochastic dynamic problem (a case with infinite dimensional commodity space so the General Equilibrium Theory does not apply) elsewhere.

Chiarolla, Maria B., E-mail: maria.chiarolla@uniroma1.it [Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', Dipartimento di Metodi e Modelli per l'Economia, il Territorio e la Finanza, Facolta di Economia (Italy); Haussmann, Ulrich G., E-mail: uhaus@math.ubc.ca [University of British Columbia, Department of Mathematics (Canada)

2011-06-15

118

Design Incentives to Increase Vehicle Size Created from the U.S. Footprint-based Fuel Economy Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study evaluates whether the amendment which determines fuel economy targets based on vehicle footprint (wheel base by track width) to the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards creates an incentive for manufactures to produce larger vehicles. By using an âoligopolistic-equilibrium modelâ while considering a range of customer preferences, it is determined that this amendment does create an incentive for manufacturers to produce larger vehicles; especially in light trucks. By producing these larger vehicles, there are the negative effects of lower fuel economy, higher emissions, worse vehicle performance, and higher traffic safety risks.

University Of Michigan, Ann A.

119

The impact of health on Kentucky's economy.  

PubMed

All states are strongly committed to economic development policies and activities as participants in national and global competition. However, a sometimes overlooked and perhaps under appreciated influence on economic development is the health of a state's citizens. This study focuses on how the health status of Kentucky profoundly influences its economy, workforce, productivity, and general quality of life. If Kentucky's economy is to improve significantly, as compared to other states, significant improvements in the health status of its citizens must be achieved in the near future and sustained over time. In an era of growing concern about rising health insurance costs and maintaining a reliable and productive workforce, employers are increasingly likely to locate in communities where measures of health status are strongly positive. The latest report from the United Health Foundation indicates that in 2007 Kentucky had the 8th worst health status in the nation based on a set of risk factors and outcomes. These risk factors include personal behaviors, community and environment, and public health policies that culminate in key health outcomes related to quality of life and longevity. While it is a serious challenge, our research demonstrates that many of these risk factors can be lowered through relatively low cost and effective interventions that produce substantial improvements in health and Kentucky's rank. Health education is very effective when it begins early in life and continues to emphasize the importance of healthy behaviors, such as not smoking, healthy diets and exercise, and weight control. Preventive health services that identify and treat diseases and conditions that lead to premature death increase both longevity and economic growth through lower treatment costs for chronic diseases and an increase in human capital. Policy changes, such as primary enforcement of motor vehicle seat belt use and encouragement of the use of safety equipment at work, also saves lives and contributes to economic development. Kentucky has already implemented many programs to begin the necessary transformation to a healthier Commonwealth. Creation of additional programs and expansion of those successful ones in place are keys to producing both significant health change and economic growth. PMID:18777698

Anderson, Danielle; Asher, Linda M; Whitler, Elmer; Wilson, Emery A

2008-07-01

120

Trojan pig: paradoxes of food safety regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standards, including food safety standards, have become a key tool in the governance of the world economy. The current drive to harmonize these standards on a global scale is supposed to reduce technical barriers to trade and create conditions for fair and free trade. However, as the case of the Polish meatpacking industry shows, standards often create new barriers because

Elizabeth C Dunn

2003-01-01

121

Organizational Complexity in the Regional Cultural Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Markusen A. Organizational complexity in the regional cultural economy, Regional Studies. Cultural industries offer a truncated understanding of the regional cultural economy, undercounting self-employed workers and others outside the for-profit sector. Commercial, public, non-profit, and unincorporated community sectors produce, present, train, organize, guide, and regulate elements of the cultural economy, each with distinctive structures, goals, and operational systems. Using survey

Ann Markusen

2010-01-01

122

Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.  

SciTech Connect

After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

2007-01-01

123

Brazil & the Latin American Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News follows repercussions of world financial crises in the key Latin American economy of Brazil. The nine resources discussed provide background information, press coverage, and economic data on Brazil and related economies. With a population of 164 million and GDP of $480 billion, Brazil represents Latin America's largest economic force. Heavy US financial investments, however, tie Brazil directly to Dow Jones Industrial Average falls (reviewed in the September 10, 1998 Scout for Business & Economics) and their Asian and Russian causes (reviewed in the July 16, 1998 _Scout Report for Business & Economics_--http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/report/bus-econ/1998/be-980716txt.html#22). International concern for Latin America grew when Brazil lost $1.8 billion in foreign capital following drops in the Dow, September 10, 1998--a decisive factor in stock tumbles in Mexico and Venezuela as well. Such damaging results led to a bold rise in interest rates from the Banco Central do Brasil and negotiations with the IMF. A US and Brazilian market rally since September 11, however, leaves many officials hopeful for a stable Latin American future.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

124

Car Fuel Economy at Low  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new report issued by the Department of Transportation found that overall fuel economy for new passenger cars and trucks has dropped to an average of 24.7 miles per gallon. This is the lowest average gas mileage since 1980; in 1987, gas mileage peaked at 26.2 mpg. The blame for the US' poor fuel economy has been placed on Americans' love of gas-thirsty sport utility vehicles including the seven-ton Ford Excursion, the largest SUV manufactured, which averages only 10 mpg. The timely DOT report has been released as prices for gasoline have quickly risen to an average of over $1.70 per gallon, meaning that many consumers are paying over $30 to fill their tanks. In light of President Bush's new energy plan and the skyrocketing costs at the gas pumps, automobile companies are offering duel-fuel vehicles, which burn ethanol and gas/ electric hybrid cars. However, as one writer for Forbes.com points out, " [T]hese hybrids won't do as well in winter and won't tow as much."

Missner, Emily D.

2001-01-01

125

Automobile fuel economy and traffic congestion  

SciTech Connect

An analytical model for automobile fuel consumption based on vehicle parameters and traffic characteristics is developed in this thesis. This model is based on two approximations: (1) an engine map approximation, and (2) a tractive energy approximation. This model is the first comprehensive attempt to predict fuel economy without having to go through a second-by-second measurements, simulation or a regression procedure. A computer spreadsheet program based on this model has been created. It can be used to calculate the fuel economy of any motor vehicle in any driving pattern, based on public-available vehicle parameters, with absolute error typically less than +/-5%. Several applications of this model are presented: (1) calculating the fuel economy of motor vehicles in 7 different driving cycles, (2) determining the relationship between fuel economy and vehicle average velocity, (3) determining the vehicle optimal fuel efficiency speed, (4) discussing the effect of traffic smoothness on fuel economy, (5) discussing how driving behaviors affect fuel economy, (6) discussing the effect of highway speed limit on fuel economy, (7) discussing the maximum possible fuel economy for ordinary cars, and finally, (8) discussing the impact of vehicle parameters on fuel economy.

An, Feng.

1992-01-01

126

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer`s surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer`s surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Duleep, K.G. [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)

1992-03-01

127

Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer's surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))

1992-03-01

128

Inflation and Stabilization in Transition EconomiesA Comparison with Market Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple model is developed to understand inflationary pressures and stabilization in nonmarket economies. In light of the model, the paper reviews the inflation and stabilization experiences of several transition economies in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. These experiences are then compared to those of high inflation market economies. The paper concludes that, despite significant differences in the

Ratna Sahay; Carlos Végh

1995-01-01

129

The Study on Influence of Information Technology on Knowledge Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generation and exploitation of knowledge became one of the most significant components in the new economy. This paper first investigates influence of information and communications technology on economy, with specific emphasis on Internet economy and electronic commerce. The paper then describes characteristics of the knowledge economy, discusses knowledge, presents main issues relevant for building of knowledge economy and gives an

Weibin Feng; Yanli Xiao

2009-01-01

130

Services and the New Economy: elements of a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing and advanced economies job creation continues to be led by various services. A New Economy is being created, which is challenging the geography of the Old Economy. The Old Economy has been dominated by corporations headquartered disproportionately in the 'Global Cities' and large agglomerations. The New Economy is being built around smaller enterprises distributed in a much more

William B. Beyers

2002-01-01

131

Patient Safety  

MedlinePLUS

Patient safety is one of the nation's most pressing health care challenges. A 1999 report by the Institute ... each year as the result of lapses in patient safety. There are things you can do to help ...

132

Safety Alert  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Safety Alert If you are being treated for asthma, taking a long-acting beta agonist (LABA) ... Page 2. Early Safety Alert ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

133

Safety Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents 10 safety activities for children. Among others, car and bus safety activities helps children develop social and language skills as they simulate riding safely in a car or bus.|

Early Childhood Today, 2005

2005-01-01

134

Hand Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Hand Safety Currently selected Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ... Hand Safety Currently selected Hand Surgeons Agree: Leave Fireworks to the Professionals Keep Your Hands Safe: Follow ...

135

CIO in a Service Economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has evolved considerably since its inception in the 1980s. This paper begins with a brief review of the evolution of this role and sets the stage for future change brought about by the rise of the service economy. The enterprise of the future is then characterized based on an important global study by IBM. Using this characterization, the future challenges for CIOs in areas such as strategic planning, governance and operations management of information technology services are assessed from the perspectives of the four major elements of a service system (technology, people, organization and shared information). The paper concludes with a summary of the important findings, pointing to the challenge that CIOs of the future must be the leaders in their organizations in the delivery of smarter, on-demand service systems to smarter customers.

Sorenson, Paul G.

136

Energy, environment, and the economy  

SciTech Connect

This publication was conceived as a collection of energy and environment related papers presented at two seminars: Energy, Economy and the Environment held at Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, November 1980; and Ecological Implications of Energy Production which was organized during the 57th Annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science at Lancaster, PA, April 1981. Various aspects of energy related issues and the US energy future are discussed. Environmental and ecological impacts of energy production are investigated. Papers of particular interest include perspectives on uranium and coal, surface coal mine reclamation, the bituminous coal industry of Pennsylvania, and the ecological and economic impacts of anthracite mining in Pennsylvania. The future of nuclear, solar, and energy from non-conventional sources is considered in other chapters. The concerns resulting from the Three Mile Island nuclear accident are summarized in three papers.

Majumdar, S.K. (ed.)

1981-01-01

137

Safety Rules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Safety is an important part of a science lesson or activity. This safety material is part of a series of hands-on science activities designed to arouse student interest. Sixteen rules reinforce common safety concerns for science classrooms. Among the safety rules are the recommendations that teachers practice demonstrations before presenting them, make proper eyewear and shields available, use customary disposal techniques, and possess a thorough knowledge of the chemical reactions being used. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL); Jacobs, Steve

2004-01-01

138

Changes in Materials Use in Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryThis article examines the development of material consumption in three transition economies during the years 19902002. We compare the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland and benchmark their material consumption against average values for the 15 member states of the European Union (formation as of 1995) representing a typical market economy. The article compares consumption of materials in these countries and

Jan Kovanda; Tomas Hak

2008-01-01

139

The Spiritual Poverty of Material Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spread of free-market doctrine across the globe is a discouraging sign for the col lective well-being of humanity. Central to the problems posed by modern economy is its inability to rise above the simplistic assumptions of the Enlightenment and its idealistic purification of rationality. The following paper discusses the limitations of modem economy and its unfortunate tendency to ignore

Ross A. McDonald

1996-01-01

140

Web based economy — New approach to customer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet as a new phenomenon has a crucial impact on the development of the new economy. It is pointed out on new forms of organization of society and economy, network society, and clarified the social and economic implications of the Internet. This paper give the concept of a new approach to customer who become the main reason of business activity.

Dijana Kovacevic; Tamara Durickovic

2011-01-01

141

Developing a Political Economy of Skill.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Finds little evidence of a paradigm shift in capitalism or a trend toward a high-skills knowledge economy. Points out problems in demand-side proposals. Concludes that it is necessary to recognize the centrality of conflict, power, and exploitation in capitalism and outlines a radical political economy of skill. (Contains 104 references.) (SK)|

Lloyd, Caroline; Payne, Jonathan

2002-01-01

142

Charting the Shoals of the Cash Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we examine the issue of movement into and out of the cash economy. All indications are that the cash economy is on the increase worldwide and is posing a challenge for sovereign states aiming to control its growth. An increasing economic literature is addressing the factors that drive its development and map its effects on the official

Valerie Braithwaite; Friedrich Schneider; Monika Reinhart; Kristina Murphy

143

What is ethnic in an ethnic economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines critically the relationship between ethnicity and entrepreneurship in the sociology of immigrant economies. It argues that what is ethnic in an ethnic economy has often been confusingly conceptualised and that several factors now call for re-assessing the ethnic nature of immigrants' business activities. On the basis of a review of recent research, three such factors are outlined:

Antoine Pécoud

2010-01-01

144

Getting Tenure in a Down Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic tenure is now under attack. A down economy has placed greater pressure on institutions making tenure more difficult to obtain. Nineteen tips for gaining tenure in a down economy are presented along with several justifications for tenure and why tenure is important for the preservation of the academy and the freedom to research and teach.|

Shaw, Darla; Maidment, Fred

2010-01-01

145

Political Capital in a Market Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research applies a transaction-focused institutional analysis to compare the value of political capital in different institutional domains of China's market economy. Our results show that the value of political capital is associated with institutional domains of the economy in which agents can use political connections to secure advantages.…

Nee, Victor; Opper, Sonja

2010-01-01

146

What's Insurance to a Modern Economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insuring risks in a modern economy is a multi-dimensional undertaking. It is a complex business that interacts with many aspects of our lives. The importance of the insurance industry for an economy can only in part be measured by the sheer size of its business, the number of its employees in a given country, the assets under management, or its

Patrick M Liedtke

2007-01-01

147

AmosWeb: Ask Mr. Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Orley Amos, Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University, Ask Mr. Economy is a weekly section of the AmosWorld site where questions on economic matters are answered. The answers provide a mixture of humor and economic concept description. Users can search topics covered in Ask Mr. Economy in the economic glossary.

Amos, Orley M., 1954-.

1997-01-01

148

The Hydrogen Economy as a Technological Bluff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The hydrogen economy is a technological bluff in its implied assurance that, despite the accelerating pace at which we are depleting the remaining half of our fossil fuels, our energy future is secure. Elementary thermodynamic considerations are developed to show that a hydrogen economy is about as feasible as a perpetual motion machine. Hydrogen…

Vanderburg, Willem H.

2006-01-01

149

Bastiat: A Pioneer in Constitutional Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bastiat emphasized the institutional infrastructure of a market economy and the principle of spontaneous order. He began with first principles — the primacy of property and consent — and derived the legitimate functions of government. As a pioneer in constitutional political economy, he examined the relation between economics and politics, employed methodological individualism, and extended the exchange paradigm to collective

James A. Dorn

2001-01-01

150

Political economy of communication: a critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article aims to provide a critical understanding of contextual issues surrounding international business from a political economy of communication perspective. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach is based in classical dialectics and proceeds from a Marxian perspective. It includes a literature review of major theorists in political economy of communication and an analysis of present institutional relationships that frame

Phil Graham

2007-01-01

151

State Regulators of a Transitional Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from an economy organized according to plan to a market economy must be viewed as a most complex, prolonged, and essentially contradictory socioeconomic process demanding qualitative changes in the productive forces and production relations and the formation of new forms of property that call a new structure of economic and management agents to life. There is a need

V. Ivanchenko

1992-01-01

152

Alternative Perspectives on the Political Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates certain dimensions of the term "political economy" with specific reference to its application in analyzing educational organizations. The first section reviews classical and modern formulations of political economy to show how modern political economists operate within a received paradigm embodying five basic assumptions…

Foster, William

153

"Developing" the Self in the Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The term "knowledge economy", like the term "globalisation", has become a catchword in political and educational debate over the last decade or so, especially in debates upon educational policy where the role of education in preparing young people to take their part in the Knowledge Economy is often seen as paramount over other traditional…

Marshall, James D.

2008-01-01

154

The Hydrogen Economy as a Technological Bluff  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hydrogen economy is a technological bluff in its implied assurance that, despite the accelerating pace at which we are depleting the remaining half of our fossil fuels, our energy future is secure. Elementary thermodynamic considerations are developed to show that a hydrogen economy is about as feasible as a perpetual motion machine. Hydrogen is not an energy source but

Willem H. Vanderburg

2006-01-01

155

Latin America and the digital economy challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although only a small percentage of the world's population has access to the Web, its influence over the world economy and society is very high. It is possible to imagine a completely different economy from the industrial one, but the potential of information and communications technology constitutes a challenge for traditional economic thought. This paper explores the characteristics of the

Miguel Angel Gutierrez

2004-01-01

156

Political Capital in a Market Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This research applies a transaction-focused institutional analysis to compare the value of political capital in different institutional domains of China's market economy. Our results show that the value of political capital is associated with institutional domains of the economy in which agents can use political connections to secure advantages. Political capital is most fungible in institutional domains where government restricts

Sonja Opper; Victor Nee

2010-01-01

157

Political Capital in a Market Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research applies a transaction-focused institutional analysis to compare the value of political capital in different institutional domains of China's market economy. Our results show that the value of political capital is associated with institutional domains of the economy in which agents can use political connections to secure advantages. Political capital is most fungible in institutional domains where government restricts

Sonja Opper; Victor Nee

2010-01-01

158

Clubs and the Market: Large Finite Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper builds a general equilibrium model of finite economies with exchange and club formation. Agents trade multiple private goods widely in the market, can belong to several clubs, and care about the characteristics of other club members. Because club memberships are indivisible and choices of club memberships must be coordinated across the population, the core of such an economy

Bryan Ellickson; Birgit Grodal; Suzanne Scotchmer; William R. Zame

2001-01-01

159

Robotic safety  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of industrial robots in the workplace has improved safety by reducing human exposure to some of the traditional hazardous tasks and environments, yet at the same time robots have introduced new hazards in the workplace. There are currently no national consensus standards for robotic safety in the US. This report discusses the hazards associated with industrial robots and provides safety guidelines to protect workers from these hazards. In conclusion, it is the responsibility of manufacturers and users of industrial robots to develop and implement robotic safety guidelines for each application to ensure worker safety. 13 references.

Kessel, D.S.

1984-10-01

160

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided in...

2010-10-01

161

49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Fuel economy standards. 531.5 Section 531.5 Transportation...TRANSPORTATION PASSENGER AUTOMOBILE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 531.5 Fuel economy standards. (a) Except as provided in...

2009-10-01

162

Feebates, Footprints and Highway Safety  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an analysis of a market-based policy aimed at encouraging manufacturers to develop more fuel efficient vehicles without affecting the car buyer s choice of vehicle size. A vehicle s size is measured by its footprint , the product of track width and wheelbase. Traditional market-based policies to promote higher fuel economy, such as higher gasoline taxes or gas guzzler taxes, also induce motorists to purchase smaller vehicles. Whether or not such policies affect overall road safety remains controversial, however. Feebates, a continuous schedule of new vehicle taxes and rebates as a function of vehicle fuel consumption, can also be made a function of vehicle size, thus removing the incentive to buy a smaller vehicle. A feebate system based on a vehicle s footprint creates the same incentive to adopt technology to improve fuel economy as simple feebate systems while removing any incentive for manufacturers or consumers to downsize vehicles.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2009-01-01

163

75 FR 44998 - The Future of Aviation Advisory Committee (FAAC) Aviation Safety Subcommittee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and its capability to manage effectively the evolving transportation needs, challenges, and opportunities of the global economy. The Aviation Safety Subcommittee will receive a briefing from Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)...

2010-07-30

164

Paraguay: population and the economy.  

PubMed

Paraguay's political conflicts and development experiences have been accompanied by compensatory population movements; however, economic and population policies of the past are not adequate to address the current economic challenges. The principal structural problem is dependence on international commodity prices. Since late 1984, the international prices for soya and cotton have declined more than 50%; these 2 products account for 83% of official exports. The external debt has grown significantly in the past 5 years and is increasingly difficult to service. A major problem the government faces in servicing the debt and maintaining economic growth is its inability to get control of foreign exchange. Much of Paraguay's external trade is contraband, with the dollars passing into the black market. As a result of the illegal economy, government earnings have been insufficient to cover expenses. Unemployment stands at 12% because of general economic decline, cuts in government expenditure, and the reduction of investment in hydroelectricity. Occupation of new land, the classic solution by the Paraguayan peasantry, is no longer a viable option since all land is now utilized. About 20-25% of Paraguayans live outside the country, expecially in Argentina. In 1986, a commission drafted an Adjustment Plan that recommended a devaluation of the official gurani rate, tax increases, higher tariffs for public services, and incentives to invest in priority areas; however, this plan has not been implemented to date. PMID:12315094

Sanders, T G

1986-01-01

165

Economies of Size in Production Agriculture  

PubMed Central

Economies of size refer to the ability of a farm to lower costs of production by increasing production. Agriculture production displays an L-shaped average cost curve where costs are lower initially but reach a point where no further gains are achieved. Spreading fixed costs, bulk purchases, and marketing power are cited as reasons for economies of size. Labor-reducing technologies may be the primary reason. Most studies do not include the external costs from prophylactic antibiotic use, impact on rural communities, and environmental damage associated with large-scale production. These can contribute to the economies of size.

Duffy, Michael

2009-01-01

166

Nuclear Safety  

SciTech Connect

This review journal covers significant developments in the field of nuclear safety. Its scope includes the analysis and control of hazards associated with nuclear energy, operations involving fissionable materials, and the products of nuclear fission and their effects on the environment. Primary emphasis is on safety in reactor design, construction, and operation; however, the safety aspects of the entire fuel cycle, including fuel fabrication, spent-fuel processing, nuclear waste disposal, handling of radioisotopes, and environmental effects of these operations, are also treated.

Not Available

1992-01-01

167

Lab Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

2012-11-06

168

Pedestrian Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... should go here Social Media ACEP in Social Media Campaigns Campaigns Read Patient Stories Health News About Emergencies Childhood / Student Emergencies Diseases & Infections Disaster Preparedness Elderly Safety ...

169

Nuclear Safety  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Safety is a review journal that covers significant developments in the field of nuclear safety. Its scope includes the analysis and control of hazards associated with nuclear energy, operations involving fissionable materials, and the products of nuclear fission and their effects on the environment. Primary emphasis is on safety in reactor design, construction, and operation; however, the safety aspects of the entire fuel cycle, including fuel fabrication, spent-fuel processing, nuclear waste disposal, handling of radioisotopes, and environmental effects of these operations, are also treated.

Silver, E.G. (ed.)

1990-01-01

170

Coatings for Fuel Economy or Materials Substitution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The application of three coating techniques to problems of fuel economy or materials substitution is described. The coating techniques are plasma spraying, Sputter Ion Plating (SIP) and Plasma Assited Vapour Deposition (PAVD), and the applications range f...

J. P. Coad K. T. Scott

1984-01-01

171

Gaining Control of Iraq's Shadow Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Four and a half years after freeing Iraqi citizens from a ruthless dictatorship, the country is still mired in poverty, corruption and insurgent violence. These conditions fuel a sprawling, decades-old shadow economy manipulated by elements of organized c...

D. S. Ramirez

2007-01-01

172

Global Economy - Fertile Soil for Future Conflict.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The future prosperity and security of the United States is inextricably tied to the global economy. The growing number of multinational corporations and their complex network of foreign investments, production and marketing across international borders wi...

S. G. Leblanc

2002-01-01

173

New Soviet Leadership Confronts a Sagging Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A description of the current state of the Soviet economy and the problems confronting the new Soviet leadership under Mikhail Gorbachev form the basis for an analysis of the Soviet economic system and prospects for its improvement. The relationships betwe...

R. L. Rhame

1986-01-01

174

Defense Spending and the Civilian Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Defense spending generally constitutes a burden on the civilian economy. Because maintaining a defense capability necessarily requires that resources be diverted from civilian to military uses, reductions are necessary either in the total supply of goods ...

C. R. Neu

1990-01-01

175

Towards a hydrogen economy. 3rd ed.  

SciTech Connect

The report is a study of the movement towards using hydrogen as a key energy carrier in the future. It takes a look at the current state of hydrogen and addresses the infrastructure requirements needed to make the hydrogen economy a reality. The report offers a detailed look at the move to a hydrogen economy by: Identifying the current status of hydrogen production and use; Discussing the key business drivers of the move towards hydrogen; Discussing the barriers to implementation that stand in the way of a transition; Providing a critical look at whether the hydrogen economy can succeed; Describing the options that exist for a hydrogen infrastructure; Identifying the key government initiatives making the hydrogen economy a reality; Providing company-by-company profiles of automobile manufacturer efforts to develop and commercialize hydrogen vehicles; and Providing profiles of key hydrogen infrastructure manufacturers.

NONE

2006-07-15

176

Economy, Competition, and the Retail Automotive Dealer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report primarily explores how the economy, especially during a recession or economic downturn, influences the trends of auto sales, the retail network, and the performance of dealerships. The authors postulate that the strength and long-term viabilit...

M. S. Flynn K. Hill K. F. Alkire B. M. Belzowski G. Kang R. H. Senter

2001-01-01

177

Economy of the USSR: Summary and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes findings and recommendations of a detailed study of the Soviet economy. It makes recommendations for its reform, and establishes the criteria under which Western economic assistance could effectively support such reforms. The deceler...

1990-01-01

178

The Legend About the Free Market Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

R. Naumann is a professor of Humboldt University in Berlin. His book analyzes the Western German economy, and the theory of neoliberalism which serves as a basis for Western German economic policy as well as the \\

E. Gnedin

1958-01-01

179

NAFTA: The Mexican Economy, and Undocumented Migration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The North American Free Trade Agreement is variously blamed for undocumented migration from Mexico and credited with reducing it. This paper seeks to distinguish free trade's influence upon the Mexican economy from other factors and argues that where it a...

D. McClurg

2011-01-01

180

Economies of Scale in Physician Practice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report has three primary goals: to describe sources of inefficiency in physician practice and review previous literature on these inefficiencies; to empirically estimate economies of scale in physician practice; and to draw implications for Medicare ...

G. C. Pope R. T. Burge

1992-01-01

181

Economic Equilibrium under Deformation of the Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A description of economic deformations and the computation of equilibrium paths is the central theme of this study. A general mathematical framework for modeling economies under deformation is developed by expanding Herbert Scarf's original activity analy...

C. R. Engles

1979-01-01

182

Estonia: The Transition to a Market Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report outlines Estonia's transition to a market economy. It includes recent economic developments, the current status of Estonia's reform program, medium-term macroeconomic outlook, proposed reform agenda, balance of payments prospects and financing ...

1993-01-01

183

A Longitudinal Study of Corporate Social Disclosures in a Developing Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines corporate social disclosures (CSD) in an African developing economy (Mauritius) as provided in the annual\\u000a reports of listed companies from 2004 to 2007. Informed by the country’s social, political and economic context and legitimacy\\u000a theory, we hypothesise that the extent and variety of CSD themes (social, ethics, environment and health and safety) will\\u000a be enhanced post-2004 and

J. D. Mahadeo; V. Oogarah-Hanuman; T. Soobaroyen

2011-01-01

184

The political economy of famine.  

PubMed

This paper explores some of the reasons why the well-laid plans of the 1970's failed to be an effective bulwark against hunger. It is reflective rather than critical because we are faced with the certainty that just as surely as the famines of the 1980's followed the famines of the 1970's, the 1990's will again see drought, crop failure and, unless things change a great deal, famine as well. The analysis of the causes of hunger current in the 1970's can be summarized somewhat brutally as follows. Either there is not enough to eat, or what is available is poor in nutritional quality. Poor nutrition is synergistic with disease. Together they result in increasing debility and finally death. Famine is an unusual event, precipitated by this same triad of factors, on a catastrophic scale. The strategies which emerged from this analysis can be placed similarly under three broad headings. The first is that food production must be increased so that there is more available for everyone. The second is that national food security strategies should be developed and implemented. The third is that nutritional quality of people's diets should be improved. These are three major goals which have dominated international thinking for a decade. This paper argues that this analysis is at the very least incomplete and that the strategies based upon it have failed to make a marked impact on the risk vulnerable households face to famine. It goes on to suggest that, irrespective of the quantity and quality of food generally available, the households, poorer communities and poorer countries are able to lay claim to a share of what is available. These claims are mediated by a hierarchy of relationships--households within communities, communities within countries and countries in the world at large--and the nature of the relationships constitutes the 'political economy' within which famines arise and must be analysed. PMID:3737027

Hay, R W

1986-01-01

185

Welcome to the experience economy.  

PubMed

First there was agriculture, then manufactured goods, and eventually services. Each change represented a step up in economic value--a way for producers to distinguish their products from increasingly undifferentiated competitive offerings. Now, as services are in their turn becoming commoditized, companies are looking for the next higher value in an economic offering. Leading-edge companies are finding that it lies in staging experiences. To reach this higher level of competition, companies will have to learn how to design, sell, and deliver experiences that customers will readily pay for. An experience occurs when a company uses services as the stage--and goods as props--for engaging individuals in a way that creates a memorable event. And while experiences have always been at the heart of the entertainment business, any company stages an experience when it engages customers in a personal, memorable way. The lessons of pioneering experience providers, including the Walt Disney Company, can help companies learn how to compete in the experience economy. The authors offer five design principles that drive the creation of memorable experiences. First, create a consistent theme, one that resonates throughout the entire experience. Second, layer the theme with positive cues--for example, easy-to-follow signs. Third, eliminate negative cues, those visual or aural messages that distract or contradict the theme. Fourth, offer memorabilia that commemorate the experience for the user. Finally, engage all five senses--through sights, sounds, and so on--to heighten the experience and thus make it more memorable. PMID:10181589

Pine, B J; Gilmore, J H

186

Remittances, trade and the Philippine economy.  

PubMed

"The relationships between trade, remittances from overseas workers and the domestic economy are examined for their implications for labor and trade policy [in the Philippines].... The limited use of remittances for real reproductive investments at the household level is associated with length of migration, reliance on overseas workers as a source of foreign exchange, and a failure to correct the structural imbalances of the economy." PMID:12286825

Alburo, F A

1993-01-01

187

Fuel economy of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of on-road energy consumption, fuel economy (FE) of hydrogen fuel cell light-duty vehicles is projected to be 2.5–2.7 times the fuel economy of the conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV) on the same platforms. Even with a less efficient but higher power density 0.6V per cell than the base case 0.7V per cell at the rated

Rajesh K Ahluwalia; X Wang; A Rousseau; R Kumar

2004-01-01

188

Integrated Economy\\/Energy\\/Environment Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The paper presents a review of alternative methodologies in the field of economy, energy and environment,(E,) modelling ,with ,particular emphasis ,on the ,computable ,general ,equilibrium approaches, and the European Commission’s newly developed models The GEM-E3 model (general equilibrium model for economy, energy, environment), developed for the European Commission (DG-XII\\/F1) by a consortium involving NTUA, CORE, KUL, University ofMannheim and

P. Capros

189

THE PARALLEL MARKET IN CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some general-equilibrium models of the parallel market in centrally planned economies. The models are based on the hypotheses that private firms can operate more efficiently than bureaucratically-run state enterprises and that Soviet-type economies are characterized by price controls and quantitative allocations. The state's enforcement policy is explicitly modeled. Although the welfare implications of the parallel market for

Arvind Panagariya

1989-01-01

190

e-Labs and Work Objects: Towards Digital Health Economies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The optimal provision of healthcare and public health services requires the synthesis of evidence from multiple disciplines. It is necessary to understand the genetic, environmental, behavioural and social determinants of disease and health-related states; to balance the effectiveness of interventions with their costs; to ensure the maximum safety and acceptability of interventions; and to provide fair access to care services for given populations. Ever expanding databases of knowledge and local health information, and the ability to employ computationally expensive methods, promises much for decisions to be both supported by best evidence and locally relevant. This promise will, however, not be realised without providing health professionals with the tools to make sense of this information rich environment and to collaborate across disciplines. We propose, as a solution to this problem, the e-Lab and Work Objects model as a sense-making platform for digital health economies - bringing together data, methods and people for timely health intelligence.

Ainsworth, John D.; Buchan, Iain E.

191

Robot safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the analysis which should be undertaken with regard to safety where robotic systems are used. Looks at accidents associated with these systems and the legislation covering their operation in the workplace. Outlines general guidelines for robotic system design, implementation and maintenance and the various factors which should be considered with regard to safety. Describes a proposed International

G R Ward; S R G Went

1995-01-01

192

Robotic safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of industrial robots in the workplace has improved safety by reducing human exposure to some of the traditional hazardous tasks and environments, yet at the same time robots have introduced new hazards in the workplace. There are currently no national consensus standards for robotic safety in the US. This report discusses the hazards associated with industrial robots and

Kessel

1984-01-01

193

Safety Matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of Columbine and other events, states and districts across the United States have responded with vigor to a call for a renewed focus on school safety. This paper examined one such effort undertaken by Harrison County Public Schools, located in West Virginia. The district received federal funding for surveillance equipment used to enhance safety efforts at middle

Ethan Heinen; Jaci Webb-Dempsey; Lucas Moore; Craig McClellan; Carl Friebel

2007-01-01

194

Safety Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

Halligan, Tom

2009-01-01

195

Safety First  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ned Miller does not take security lightly. As director of campus safety and emergency management at the Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC), any threat requires serious consideration. As community college administrators adopt a more proactive approach to campus safety, many institutions are experimenting with emerging technologies,…

Taft, Darryl

2011-01-01

196

Safety First!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working with young children and chemicals requires attention to safety. This article details the experiences of a third-grade teacher who used a "disaster" to create a hands-on inquiry that introduces children to chemistry safety during a third-grade acid/base exploration.

Longfield, Judith

2006-02-01

197

Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines and reviews three forms and associated discourses of the ‘knowledge economy’: the ‘learning economy’, based on the work of Bengt-Åke Lundvall; the ‘creative economy’ based on the work of Charles Landry, John Howkins and Richard Florida; and the ‘open knowledge economy’ based on the work of Yochai Benkler and others. Arguably, these three forms and discourses represent

Michael A. Peters

2010-01-01

198

Neoliberal-Parasitic Economies and Space Building: Chicago's Southwest Side  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neoliberal-parasitic economies currently blanket many low-income Latino communities across urban America. We deepen and nuance the thesis that space building is now a privileged instrument of these neoliberal economies. We unearth the everyday operations of this economy and how its manufactured spaces of human management and control are mediated and responded to by local workers to reshape this economy and

David Wilson; Dean Beck; Adrian Bailey

2009-01-01

199

The Transmission of Financial Stress from Advanced to Emerging Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies how financial stress is transmitted from advanced to emerging economies, using a new financial stress index for emerging economies. An episode of financial stress is defined as a period when the financial system's ability to intermediate may be impaired. Previous financial crises in advanced economies passed through strongly and rapidly to emerging economies. In line with this

Irina Tytell; Selim Elekdag; Ravi Balakrishnan; Stephan Danninger

2009-01-01

200

Study on coordinated development of economy and energy resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is the lifeblood of economy development. The coordinated development of economy and energy is the initial mover of social development. The economy development, without the basis of energy, would be a river without sources, or a tree without roots. Therefore, only with the coordinated development of economy and energy, can society achieve steady progress. Since the mid-eighties, the industry

Mu Qingguo; Yang Yongqing

2011-01-01

201

Economic Challenges Faced by Small Island Economies: An Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

As pointed out in this article, small island economies are diverse in their nature and in the challenges they face. A taxonomy of these economies is provided. The overview takes account of small island economies that are satellites of large countries as well as those which are independent nation states. Nevertheless, the emphasis here is on small island economies that

Clement A. Tisdell

2009-01-01

202

Teaching New Keynesian Open Economy Macroeconomics at the Intermediate Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the open economy, the workhorse model in intermediate textbooks still is the Mundell-Fleming model, which basically extends the investment and savings, liquidity preference and money supply (IS-LM) model to open economy problems. The authors present a simple New Keynesian model of the open economy that introduces open economy considerations…

Bofinger, Peter; Mayer, Eric; Wollmershauser, Timo

2009-01-01

203

Stock returns and output growth in emerging and advanced economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the correlation between output growth and lagged stock returns in a panel of emerging market economies and advanced economies. It finds that the proportion of countries in which this correlation is significant is the same for emerging market economies as it is for advanced economies using yearly data, and somewhat lower using quarterly data. Asset prices therefore

Paolo Mauro

2003-01-01

204

Education and the Economy: Boosting Indiana's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

205

Education and the Economy: Boosting Vermont's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

206

Education and the Economy: Boosting Hawaii's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

207

Education and the Economy: Boosting Florida's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

208

Education and the Economy: Boosting Illinois's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

209

Education and the Economy: Boosting Arkansas' Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

210

Education and the Economy: Boosting California's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

211

Education and the Economy: Boosting Rhode Island's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

212

Education and the Economy: Boosting Nevada's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

213

Education and the Economy: Boosting New Hampshire's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

214

Education and the Economy: Boosting New Mexico's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

215

Education and the Economy: Boosting Colorado's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

216

Education and the Economy: Boosting the District of Columbia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

217

Education and the Economy: Boosting Oklahoma's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

218

Education and the Economy: Boosting Washington's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

219

Education and the Economy: Boosting Wisconsin's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

220

Education and the Economy: Boosting New Jersey's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

221

Education and the Economy: Boosting Texas's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

222

Education and the Economy: Boosting Idaho's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

223

Education and the Economy: Boosting Iowa's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

224

Education and the Economy: Boosting the Nation's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

225

Education and the Economy: Boosting Arizona's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

226

Education and the Economy: Boosting Tennessee's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

227

Education and the Economy: Boosting Wyoming's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

228

Education and the Economy: Boosting Nebraska's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

229

Education and the Economy: Boosting Ohio's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

230

Education and the Economy: Boosting Missouri's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

231

Education and the Economy: Boosting Georgia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

232

Education and the Economy: Boosting Kansas' Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

233

Education and the Economy: Boosting New York's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

234

Education and the Economy: Boosting Alaska's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

235

Education and the Economy: Boosting South Carolina's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

236

Education and the Economy: Boosting North Dakota's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

237

Education and the Economy: Boosting South Dakota's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

238

Education and the Economy: Boosting Oregon's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

239

Education and the Economy: Boosting Pennsylvania's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

240

Education and the Economy: Boosting Utah's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

241

Education and the Economy: Boosting North Carolina's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

242

Education and the Economy: Boosting Delaware's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

243

Education and the Economy: Boosting North Dakota's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

244

On the political theory of political economy: Conceptual ambiguity and the global economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores conceptual ambiguities and contests involved in the movement from an ‘international’ to a ‘global’ economy. It argues that these contests involve, potentially, fundamental transformations in the concept of economic life. After offering an historical interpretation of the concept of the ‘economic’ in current International Political Economy, the article addresses three sets of conceptual contests raised by the

Stephen J. Rosow

1994-01-01

245

Education and the Economy: Boosting West Virginia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

246

Education and the Economy: Boosting Montana's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

247

Control in a dynamic village economy: The reforms and unbalanced development in China's rural economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A dynamic control framework is used to model the Chinese village economy in order to explain the rural sector's unbalanced growth in the post reform period. Village leaders are assumed to maximize a multi-attribute utility function by manipulating local policy instruments subject to the structural relationships in the economy. The model's parameters are estimated econometrically using a data set from

Scott Rozelle; Richard N. Boisvert

1995-01-01

248

Youth and the New Economy=Les jeunes et la nouvelle economie.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Community Perspective Series document includes statements about young people in the new economy of Toronto made by three participants in the October 2000 annual general meeting of the Toronto Training Board. "A Hitchhiker's Guide to the New Economy" (Olivia Chow) suggests that training programs available to young people are fragmented and…

Community Perspectives Series, 2002

2002-01-01

249

Agent based modeling of national economy - centralized mode analysis of virtual economy by GA simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we analyze national economy as a socioeconomic multi-agent system. For the purpose we investigate the centralized bird's eye view model of small national economy across the terms. We analyze the model by hybrid approach between machine agent model and human gaming simulation model. We investigate effective growth path by genetic algorithm in machine agent model. We can

Hiroshi Deguchi; Masato Kobayashi; Hao Lee

2003-01-01

250

Education and the Economy: Boosting Delaware's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

251

Indigenous Economies, Theories of Subsistence, and Women: Exploring the Social Economy Model for Indigenous Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The significance of traditional economies in indigenous communities goes beyond the economic realm--they are more than just livelihoods providing subsistence and sustenance to individuals or communities. The centrality of traditional economies to indigenous identity and culture has been noted by numerous scholars. However, today one can detect a…

Kuokkanen, Rauna

2011-01-01

252

Education and the Economy: Boosting Utah's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

253

Economy-wide reform and agricultural recovery: Observations of economic Darwinism among transition economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fitness of an economy and its prospects for continued prosperity will be measured and determined by its robustness and its ability to adapt to changing circumstances. Some countries in transition are adapting much more easily than others to rapid changes in the orientation of their economy, the common objective of which is to achieve economic growth through the adoption

Alberto Valdes; Suzanne Gnaegy

1996-01-01

254

Do ‘liberal market economies’ really innovate more radically than ‘coordinated market economies’?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Varieties of Capitalism; The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, Peter A. Hall and David Soskice (H&S) argue that technological specialization patterns are largely determined by the prevailing “variety of capitalism”. They hypothesize that “liberal market economies” (LMEs) specialize in radical innovation, while “coordinated market economies” (CMEs) focus more on incremental innovation. Mark Zachary Taylor [Taylor, M.Z., 2004. Empirical evidence

Dirk Akkermans; Carolina Castaldi; Bart Los

2009-01-01

255

Walking economy in people with Parkinson's disease  

PubMed Central

Gait dysfunction is an early problem identified by patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Alterations in gait may result in an increase in the energy cost of walking (i.e., walking economy). The purpose of this study was to determine whether walking economy is atypical in patients with PD when compared with healthy controls. A secondary purpose was to evaluate the associations of age, sex, and level of disease severity with walking economy in patients with PD. The rate of oxygen consumption (VO2) and other responses to treadmill walking were compared in 90 patients (64.4±10.3 yr) and 44 controls (64.6±7.3 yr) at several walking speeds. Pearson correlation coefficients (r) were calculated to determine relationships of age, sex, and disease state with walking economy in PD patients. Walking economy was significantly worse in PD patients than in controls at all speeds above 1.0 mph. Across all speeds, VO2 was 6 to 10% higher in PD patients. Heart rate, minute ventilation, respiratory exchange ratio, and rating of perceived exertion were correspondingly elevated. No significant relationship of age, sex, or UPDRS score with VO2 was found for patients with PD. The findings suggest that the physiologic stress of daily physical activities is increased in patients with early to mid-stage PD, and this may contribute to the elevated level of fatigue that is characteristic of PD.

Christiansen, Cory L; Schenkman, Margaret L; McFann, Kim; Wolfe, Pamela; Kohrt, Wendy M

2009-01-01

256

Measuring the Internet Economy: June 6, 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1999, the Internet economy's revenues rose to over half a trillion dollars, and employment in this sector has grown to directly support 2/476 million workers, according to this site sponsored by Cisco Systems and the University of Texas. June 2000 findings of the Internet Economy Indicators are also presented in the report Measuring the Internet Economy, which examines the Internet economy in layers of indicators. The first layer looks at the Internet infrastructure, which consists of telecommunications companies, Internet carriers, and Internet service providers. The second Indicator, the Internet Applications Infrastructure Indicator, studies Internet software products and services. Layer three, the Internet Intermediary Indicator, includes businesses conducting transactions on the Web, and the final layer, the Internet Commerce Indicator, looks only at companies that conducted Web-based commerce transactions. Each of these layers is carefully explained in the report. The site includes case studies for each of these indicators and offers a Big Picture overview of the Internet economy. Along with these explanations and snapshot views and others, the entire report may be downloaded in .pdf format.

2000-01-01

257

Aerospace Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on aerospace safety. Topics include hazard communications, lockout/tagout, confined space entry, fall protection, PPE, firefighting and bloodborne pathogens.

2010-10-18

258

Robotic Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The introduction of industrial robots in the workplace has improved safety by reducing human exposure to some of the traditional hazardous tasks and environments, yet at the same time robots have introduced new hazards in the workplace. There are currentl...

D. S. Kessel

1984-01-01

259

Auto Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... until they have reached the maximum weight and height limits recommended by the manufacturer. Many parents have ... a crash. So it's essential to follow the height and weight guidelines on the child safety seat ...

260

Skateboarding Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... SAFETY Like other sports activities, skateboarding has risks. Vehicle traffic, trick riding, and excessive speed can lead ... t become another statistic. ? Stay clear of moving vehicles. Some of the most common and severe skateboarding ...

261

Bike Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... have to wear special clothing to enjoy the sport of biking. But the right clothing can increase ... MORE ON THIS TOPIC Getting Exercise in College Sports and Exercise Safety Choosing the Right Sport for ...

262

Lawnmower Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... not remove safety devices, shields, or guards on switches. Add fuel before starting the engine, not when ... mower from tipping over. Do not cut wet grass. Top of page Last reviewed: March 2012 AAOS ...

263

Safety Guidelines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order for students to inquire confidently, we must create safe classroom environments. Safety is not just a set of rules but a state of mind, and perhaps, most importantly, it is an attitude and a set of skills that carry over into a students' daily life. But research also shows that the space in which students inquire is vital to their safety and security. This chapter summarizes some of the important factors that contribute to safe laboratory environments.

Biehle, James T.; Motz, Lamoine L.; West, Sandra S.

2007-01-01

264

Rethinking healthcare as a safety-critical industry.  

PubMed

The discipline of ergonomics, or human factors engineering, has made substantial contributions to both the development of a science of safety, and to the improvement of safety in a wide variety of hazardous industries, including nuclear power, aviation, shipping, energy extraction and refining, military operations, and finance. It is notable that healthcare, which in most advanced societies is a substantial sector of the economy (eg, 15% of US gross domestic product) and has been associated with large volumes of potentially preventable morbidity and mortality, has heretofore not been viewed as a safety-critical industry. This paper proposes that improving safety performance in healthcare must involve a re-envisioning of healthcare itself as a safety-critical industry, but one with considerable differences from most engineered safety-critical systems. This has implications both for healthcare, and for conceptions of safety-critical industries. PMID:22317422

Lwears, Robert

2012-01-01

265

Contextualising workers' health and safety in urban settings: The need for a global perspective and an integrated approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the need to contextualise and to address the neglected occupational health and safety rights of workers in the informal economy. Informal economy workers constitute the majority of workers in most countries and the number of informally employed, unprotected and low-income workers is increasing rapidly in both developing as well as developed countries. National and international policies

Francoise Bartena; Trevino A. Pakasie; Calle Miguel Cervantes

266

75 FR 67805 - The Future of Aviation Advisory Committee (FAAC) Subcommittee on Aviation Safety; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and its capability to manage effectively the evolving transportation needs, challenges, and opportunities of the global economy. The Subcommittee on Aviation Safety will address and make recommendations to the Secretary for action. This...

2010-11-03

267

Centre for the Study of African Economies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A research center within the Institute of Economics and Statistics, University of Oxford, the Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) applies macroeconomic and microeconomic methods to African sociological, demographic, and political contexts. Selected abstracts and working papers from 1993 to present are available on topics ranging from central bank policy to health, crop choice, wages, and unemployment (.pdf format). In addition, users may browse the abstracts and tables of contents of articles from the CSAE publication The Journal of African Economies from 1996 to present.

268

Safety conditioning technology for mining region's environmental system based on Catastrophe Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The safety of mining region's environmental system is a basic prerequisite of the sustainable development of mining region's economy and society. The maintenance of mining region's environmental system safety by taking effective measures has great significance for mining regions in China function as residential community. One of the major problems facing mining region's sustainable development is how to keep the

Dachao Zhang

2011-01-01

269

47 CFR 90.1403 - Public safety broadband license conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Block licensee, as appropriate, to achieve and pass on the benefits of economies of scale concerning network and subscriber equipment...of the relocation of narrowband public safety operations in television channels 63 and 68, and the upper one megahertz of...

2012-10-01

270

47 CFR 90.1403 - Public safety broadband license conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Block licensee, as appropriate, to achieve and pass on the benefits of economies of scale concerning network and subscriber equipment...of the relocation of narrowband public safety operations in television channels 63 and 68, and the upper one megahertz of...

2011-10-01

271

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DYNAMIC GIS FOR MARITIME NAVIGATION SAFETY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maritime safety has a huge impact on the world economy and our everyday lives. The vast majority of world cargo is carried by sea by huge container-carriers. Cargo ships carrying hazardous loads pose serious threats to the environment. The disaster and damage caused in the event of major sea collisions can be difficult and costly to deal with. In our

R. I. Goralski; C. M. Gold

272

Leading Indicator: New England's Higher Education Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In few places is higher education so ingrained in a region's economic vitality as in New England. Students from all over the world enroll in New England's institutions of learning and research, bringing resources to finance their education and living expenses that reverberate throughout local and state economies. Human capital-based industries…

Mortenson, Thomas G.

2003-01-01

273

Biotech Tradeoffs in the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Synthesizes findings with personal estimates of likely impacts of biotechnology on nonmetropolitan economy, farming, public research institutions. Indicates biotechnology's benefit to rural America may come in expanded demand for raw materials although drawbacks may include declining farm numbers and displacement of rural workers in…

Buttel, Frederick H.

1987-01-01

274

Metallic Raw Materials — Constituents of Our Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A natural resources economy consists in two basic elements. The first is the extraction of anomalous concentrations of raw materials at often more or less remote sites. The second involves the distribution of these commodities by transport and trade among consumers who in general do not settle in the vicinity of the deposits. These two elements were already present during

Friedrich-Wilhelm Wellmer; Markus Wagner

275

Family division in China's transitional economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a longitudinal data-set (the China Health and Nutrition Survey) we explored the effect of various economic factors, including household wealth, employment sector, and involvement in a household business on the division of extended families in China's transitional economy. Results from event history analyses suggest that these economic factors act as either a dividing or a unifying force on the

Feinian Chen

2009-01-01

276

Alternative resources for the methanol economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Generally, methanol produced for chemical applications is made predominantly via fossil resources. But it can also be obtained from any carbon-containing feedstock, including biomass, biogas, forest residues, and municipal or other waste products. Perspective viewing and critical assessment show the possibilities and constraints of such alternative resources for the realization of the methanol economy with high sustainability. The bibliography includes 57 references.

Reschetilowski, W.

2013-07-01

277

Technology Shocks and Employment in Open Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that a positive technology shock leads to a temporary decline in employment. A two-country model is used to demonstrate that the open economy dimension can enhance the ability of sticky price models to account for the evidence. The reasoning is as follows. An improvement in technology appreciates the nominal exchange rate. Under producer-currency

Juha Tervala

2007-01-01

278

The Political Economy of Agricultural Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we analyze the political economy of agricultural producer support in the OECD countries between 1986 and 2001. We review the variety of theories of agricultural protection created by economists to explain this apparent anomaly. Most of these theories give short shrift to institutional features of the political system by simply assuming that politics is determined by underlying

Cameron G. Thies; Schuyler Porche

2007-01-01

279

Universities, Regional Policy and the Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the spatial clustering dimension of new information and communications technology (ICT)-driven economic activity based on knowledge industries and especially the tacit knowledge synergies to be achieved through networking in geographical space. The article first details the new knowledge economy, reviewing claims made for…

Peters, Michael A.; May, Tim

2004-01-01

280

What do voters know about the economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eight questions asked in eight polls analyse what Danes know and expect about the (macro) economy. As people have little interest in being well informed, it would be irrational if they were. However, half the voters know the number of unemployed. Their micro perceptions correspond to the macro figures. Few people have realistic perceptions of inflation. They form largely static

Martin Paldam; Peter Nannestad

2000-01-01

281

Aspen: A microsimulation model of the economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents, Aspen. Sandia National Laboratories is developing this new agent-based microeconomic simulation model of the U.S. economy. The model is notable because it allows a large number of individual economic agents to be modeled at a high le...

N. Basu R. J. Pryor T. Quint T. Arnold

1996-01-01

282

The Political Economy of North American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents 12 papers that proceed from the idea that Native American history in the United States and Canada is best understood not as an Indian-European cultural conflict but as an economic conflict between communal and capitalist modes of production. Three chapters are of particular educational interest. "Political Economy in…

Moore, John H., Ed.

283

The Linchpins of a Modern Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that an input-output matrix is a directed weighted network. We develop and apply a measure of betweenness centrality based on random walks. This notion of centrality has an analogy as a current flow in an electrical circuit. We apply this measure to recent data from the major industrial economies. Wholesale and Retail Trade is the most central sector

Eric O'N. Fisher

2006-01-01

284

Piracy and Its Impact on the Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis attempts to shed light on the growing threat maritime piracy has on the economy along with possible solutions (military and diplomatic operations) the world can take to combat this threat. Maritime piracy has been around since the beginning of...

R. H. Islam

2010-01-01

285

Economies, Human Capital, and Natural Assets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human capital concerns are used to structure links between the economy and the environment. Suggestions for empirical work\\u000a to explore these structures are provided. Particular attention is devoted to connections between environmental hazards and\\u000a influences upon parents’ decisions to invest in forming children's human capital.

Mark D. Agee

1998-01-01

286

Motion economy analysis for robotic kitting tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motion economy principles for robots provide important design guidelines to optimize performance in robotic workcells. This work compares two different modes of motion through component part bins for a kitting task. By applying graphic simulation, an extensive analysis and evaluation was conducted for ten different robots in four classes and three group sizes for 27 different bin locations (positions and

Y. EDAN; S. Y. NOF

1995-01-01

287

Territory and Territoriality in the Global Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is part of a larger research project on governance and accountability in the global economy. What is the impact of economic globalization on the territorial jurisdiction, or more theoretically, the exclusive territoriality of the nation-state? This is the organizing question in the article; it is an effort to respond critically to two notions that underlie much of the current

Saskia Sassen

2000-01-01

288

The Eclectic Paradigm in the Global Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic globalisation and the subsequent growth of global and alliance capitalism have fundamentally affected the way in which MNC activities are undertaken and organised. The various contributions to this special issue have evaluated the eclectic paradigm in the global economy, and its validity as a theoretical basis to understand these developments. This paper places these contributions into context. We highlight

John Cantwell; Rajneesh Narula

2001-01-01

289

Thailand and Its Knowledge Economy1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge and new technology is a crucial driver in the dynamics of economic growth and development. This development trend has significantly influenced and forced Thailand in sustaining and raising its competitiveness position. In this regard, the initiative for achieving knowledge economy has been increasingly gained attention at the policy level since the 1980s. The country's competitiveness as solely based on

Arkhom Termpitayapaisit

290

Sufficiency Economy and the Bourgeois Virtues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The king of Thailand articulated the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP). Supporters of sustainable development, including the United Nations Development Program, have embraced the SEP. However, the SEP also confronts many critics, perhaps in part because critics disapprove the monarchy's perceived political outlook. The SEP is understood most usefully as a primer to help Thais, especially those with modest assets, to

Danny Unger

2009-01-01

291

The Political Economy of North American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 12 papers that proceed from the idea that Native American history in the United States and Canada is best understood not as an Indian-European cultural conflict but as an economic conflict between communal and capitalist modes of production. Three chapters are of particular educational interest. "Political Economy in…

Moore, John H., Ed.

292

Economics of automobile fuel-economy standards  

SciTech Connect

Since 1978 the Federal government has mandated that new automobiles sold by major firms in the United States reach certain levels of average fuel efficiency. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards can generate implicit taxes and subsidies for various types of cars. They also can have an impact on market structure, creating regulatory economies of scope. CAFE standards may also act to increase the profits of firms in the automobile industry, either by preventing competition among firms constrained by the standards or by creating profit opportunities for firms not constrained by the standards. CAFE standards are shown to have had a significant effect on the price of new cars in model years 1983 through 1986, raising the price of fuel inefficient cars and lowering the price of fuel efficient cars. The gasoline savings resulting from the imposition of higher standards are computed, as well as the welfare loss they generate. It is concluded that automobile fuel economy standards can save gasoline,but only at a large loss to the economy. An empirical model of the political support for CAFE standards is developed and tested. It is shown that support for the standards comes from the one major domestic automobile company that would benefit from higher standards, as well as from those who in general prefer regulatory solutions to the free market.

Kleit, A.N.

1987-01-01

293

Critical semiotic analysis and cultural political economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case is made for cultural political economy (CPE) by exploring the constitutive role of semiosis in economic and political activities, economic and political institutions, and social order more generally. CPE is a post-disciplinary approach that adopts the “cultural turn” in economic and political inquiry without neglecting the articulation of semiosis with the interconnected materialities of economics and politics within

BOB JESSOP

2004-01-01

294

Restructuring and Taxation in Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

July 1996One challenge in transition economies has been to avoid being caught between overrapid restructuring (harmful to the private sector) and gradual change (can undermine robust private sector emergence). Empirical evidence suggests that in most of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, insiders, by exerting decision making control, have materially affected the restructuring rate. Still, shocks to firms have

Simon Commander; Andrei TolstopiatenkoI

1999-01-01

295

Restructuring and taxation in transition economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

One challenge in transition economies has been to avoid being caught between overrapid restructuring (harmful to the private sector) and gradual change (can undermine robust private sector emergence). Empirical evidence suggests thatin most of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, insiders, by exerting decision making control, have materially affected the restructuring rate. Still, shocks to firms have generally led

Simon Commander; Andrei Tolstopiatenko

1996-01-01

296

Library Automation in a Difficult Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The downturn in the economy has taken its toll on libraries. Even in the best of times, most libraries have to work with budgets that are barely adequate to support their essential activities. In these recent months, the recession has subtracted significant funds from the parent organizations of many libraries: city, county, and state…

Breeding, Marshall

2009-01-01

297

Facing the Challenges of a Turbulent Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As college presidents face the challenges of a turbulent and uncertain economy, they are working to assess the impacts on their strategic financial positions and to develop response plans that reflect their institutional missions and values. How can college presidents navigate during these difficult economic times as they seek to hold on to the…

Gann, Pamela B.

2009-01-01

298

The Distinctiveness of Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the distinctiveness of entrepreneurship and small business development in countries that are at different stages of transformation to market based economies. Following a discussion of the potential relevance of selected conceptualisations of entrepreneurship to transition conditions, the authors present original empirical data referring to the characteristics of entrepreneurs and their businesses from countries at different

David Smallbone; Friederike Welter

2001-01-01

299

TURKISH YOUTH IN THE EUROPEAN KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalisation and Europeanisation are complementary and partly overlapping processes that identify the increasingly supranational context in which political and educational systems are operating. This article explores how Turkish youth in two German and English secondary schools relate to the European knowledge economy, and how their political identities are shaped by school dynamics (ethos, curriculum and peer cultures) and social class

Daniel Faas

2007-01-01

300

Economies of Scale within State Prisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the cost of state prisons as a function of state prison populations across U.S. states. Historically and intuitively, a given state's prison expenditures have risen as more inmates enter the prison system. Through panel regression analysis, a detailed understanding is obtained of how state prisons experience economies of scale as inmate populations rise over time. Our model

Nicholas William Irving; David Anthony King

2012-01-01

301

Valid Knowledge: The Economy and the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The future of Western universities as public institutions is the subject of extensive continuing debate, underpinned by the issue of what constitutes "valid knowledge". Where in the past only propositional knowledge codified by academics was considered valid, in the new economy enabled by information and communications technology, the procedural…

Williams, Peter John

2007-01-01

302

The world economy at the crossroads  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dramatic changes presently taking place in the world economic environment involve considerable risks, but at the same\\u000a time offer significant opportunities which should not be ignored. Some of the major challenges the world economy is facing\\u000a in the 1990s are discussed in the following article.

Peter Nunnenkamp

1992-01-01

303

Information technology in a global economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The surge of new technologies, especially sophisticated information and communications technologies, has rendered possible what has been termed as “globalization” of the economy, or even “technoglobalism”. This phenomenon is evident in the financial markets, and is becoming more apparent in the goods and services market. There is increasing cooperation between and interlinkages among firms so that R&D, servicing and production

Patricia A. Glenn

1993-01-01

304

Engendering the political economy of agrarian change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past thirty odd years, the analysis of agrarian social relations, institutions, and movements has benefited from the insights offered by feminist scholars whose intellectual project has been to bring into the political economy of agrarian change the pervasiveness of gender relations and their interconnections with broader processes of social change. The implications of this re-thinking are potentially radical.

Shahra Razavi

2009-01-01

305

Library Automation in a Difficult Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The downturn in the economy has taken its toll on libraries. Even in the best of times, most libraries have to work with budgets that are barely adequate to support their essential activities. In these recent months, the recession has subtracted significant funds from the parent organizations of many libraries: city, county, and state governments;…

Breeding, Marshall

2009-01-01

306

Toward a Theory of the Informal Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic activity taking place within the informal sector—traditionally defined as activity unregulated by law but governed by custom or personal ties—represents an emerging frontier for management researchers with interests from alleviating poverty at the bottom of the economic pyramid to entrepreneurship, innovation, or organizational functioning in advanced knowledge economies. A substantial portion of the world's economic activity takes place informally,

Paul C. Godfrey

2011-01-01

307

The Political Economy of Global Outsourcing  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is outsourcing and why India is being considered as BPO destination of the world? Why jobs are coming to India and why there is a downturn in the US economy and loss of jobs in that country. Even though these are two different things that happened simultaneously, they sadly managed to be mixed up. Academicians are groping to understand

Chanchal Kumar Sharma

2004-01-01

308

Educating for the Knowledge Economy? Critical Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The promise, embraced by governments around the world, is that the knowledge economy will provide knowledge workers with a degree of autonomy and permission to think which enables them to be creative and to attract high incomes. What credence should we give to this promise? The current economic crisis is provoking a reappraisal of both economic…

Lauder, Hugh, Ed.; Young, Michael, Ed.; Daniels, Harry, Ed.; Balarin, Maria, Ed.; Lowe, John, Ed.

2012-01-01

309

What Does the Economy Bode for Fundraising?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the United States economy on a rollercoaster ride this year and words like "meltdown," "bailout," and "crisis" commonly used in recent weeks in connection with the financial markets, college and university administrators might find themselves becoming increasingly anxious about their fundraising plans. They needn't be, according to several…

Bourbon, Julie

2008-01-01

310

Drugs, the informal economy and globalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on the connections between illegal drugs and the informal economy and consider this in the light of the increasing levels of global interconnectedness in recent decades. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a review of the empirical drugs literature with a primary focus on British-based research and analysis of the

Toby Seddon

2008-01-01

311

A Cooperative Home-School Token Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes token economy systems for use with students with severe behavioral disorders, including systems extending from the classroom into home life. Techniques for soliciting parent participation, training parents, and maintaining the system are put forth. Variations on the system and a sample checklist are also included. (PB)|

Lazarus, Belinda D.

1990-01-01

312

The "Celtic Tiger" and a Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last two decades, Ireland has proactively marketed its educated workforce, its favourable corporate tax rates, membership of the European common market, and other advantages, to multinational technology corporations. The resulting foreign direct investment in high-tech manufacturing operations has driven a booming Irish economy that has…

Crawley, Gerard M.; O'Sullivan, Eoin

2006-01-01

313

The Political Economy of Tourism in Cambodia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the historical development of the Cambodian political economy and the role of tourism in shaping it since the early 1990s when Cambodia opened its door to the world. The paper provides a general overview of tourism products and the government's policies in tourism development in Cambodia and then examines the perceived impacts of tourism

Vannarith Chheang

2008-01-01

314

New Directions for Stochastic Open Economy Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper develops a simple stochastic new open economy macroeconomic model based on sticky nominal wages. Explicit solution of the wage-setting problem under uncertainty allows one to analyze the effects of the monetary regime on welfare, expected output, and the expected terms of trade. Despite the potential interplay between imperfections due to sticky wages and monopoly, the optimal monetary policy

Maurice Obstfeld; Kenneth Rogoff

1999-01-01

315

Healthcare: The New Economy's Last Frontier?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New Economy is transforming large parts of the business world and the public sector. New Internet technologies are being used to increase efficiency and add value. But the most distinctive contribution of the Internet is the added reach that it is giving to producers and service providers who had previously been confined by geography and by travel time and

Neil Stuart

2001-01-01

316

Oil and the political economy of energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key issues concerning oil exploitation are still open for discussion: there is no agreement about where we presently stand in the world oil extraction curve, what is its exact shape, and how far can oil price grow before it changes irreversibly the world economy and consumer behavior. The paper proposes an alternative scenario to the Hubbert's bell-shaped model of

Igor Matutinovi?

2009-01-01

317

Selling sex in the shadow economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine, from a global macro perspective, the relationships between commercial sex, regulatory system and shadow economies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on eight years of research in the sex industries and literature from other sources that explore the nuances of the economic and social organisation of the sex markets in different countries. Findings –

Teela Sanders

2008-01-01

318

Analysis of oil dependent economies. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dramatic decline in oil and gas prices between 1982 and 1986 helped stimulate a national economic recovery from the worst economic slump since the 1930s. However, while many regions were enjoying the benefits of an expanding national economy, regions of the country with large concentrations of industries in the energy sector were extremely hard hit by the energy price

J. E. Kohlhase; B. A. Smith

1989-01-01

319

Features of a Closed-system Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a closed-system economy, gross national product is regarded as a ``cost of the system''. The Leontiev model relating the components of society's demand to resource use has been extended to make possible quantitative estimates of ``social entropy'' (dereliction, pollution and waste). This kind of work can be further developed, using general activity analysis and programming or optimization methods, to

R. E. Overbury

1973-01-01

320

Organizational transformation in the digital economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work sets the vision for organizational transformation that will secure competitive advantage in the digital economy, as the border between society-market-organization becomes more permeated to facilitate new types of assemblages of dasiameshworkspsila within and across organizational boundaries. We argue that network technologies are feeding the emergence of architectures of participation, protocols of collaboration and the development of new concepts

Mihaela Ulieru; John Verdon

2009-01-01

321

Foreign direct investment in a digital economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The analysis of the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the emergence and development of digital economy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Examination of the developments of FDI and the new destinations explained by the liberalization measures undertaken by governments and inward investment agencies in globalization. Findings – While FDI does displace some exports, it also creates a number of

Georgios Zekos

2005-01-01

322

The Economy of the Early Roman Empire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many inhabitants of ancient Rome lived well. Tourists marvel at the temples, baths, roads and aqueducts that they built. Economists also want to understand the existence of a flourishing and apparently prosperous economy two millennia ago. Market institutions and a stable government appear to have been the combination that produced this remarkable result. This essay provides an economist's view of

Peter Temin

2006-01-01

323

Essays on Industrial Organization and Political Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis presents three essays on industrial organization and political economy. In the first essay, I show how the attributes of a managerial workforce affect firms' placement decisions and wage offers, and managers' quit decisions. My OLG model features two division managers and a CEO, where each executive may be at a different point in his…

Camara, Odilon Roberto VG de a

2009-01-01

324

How to keep growing “new economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rather than debate whether technical advances have created a “new economy,” economists should focus on the more interesting and useful question: How do we create the sort of environment in which innovation and the productive use of new technology thrive, thereby creating economic prosperity? This Economic Commentary discusses the features governments must incorporate into their institutions in order to build

Jerry L. Jordan

2000-01-01

325

Apparel Graduate Course Focuses on Global Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students at all levels of study must understand the impact and consequences of globalization. Because of technology innovations, integration of world economies through trade and cash flows, and the movement of people from one location to another, the world is becoming flatter. Based on this growing need to study globalization, a graduate course,…

Warnock, Mary M.

2006-01-01

326

Materials Flow Analysis of the Italian Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryThis article analyzes the mass of the materials that flowed through the Italian economy during 1994 and compares the results with a similar analysis of Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United States published by a collaboration headed by the World Resources Institute. In order to perform this comparison, we have evaluated the mass of the materials produced within the

Ottilia Marco; Giovanni Lagioia; Elsa Pizzoli Mazzacane

2000-01-01

327

The Political Economy of Kenya's Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using political economy analysis, this paper discusses three precipitating factors that were ignited by Kenya's 2007 election, which was too close to call beforehand and highly contested afterwards. These factors were: the gradual loss of the state's monopoly of legitimate force and the consequent diffusion of violence; the deliberate weakening of institutions outside the executive in favour of personalized presidential

Susanne D. Mueller

2008-01-01

328

Recent evolution of the world economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world financial crisis is affecting the real economy to a considerable degree, with serious consequences on credit flows and investment. Its negative impact has spread faster than it had been estimated at the beginning, leading to an adjustment in global aggregate demand, which already affects world trade development and, consequently, employment levels. The restlessness that originated in developed countries

Sebastián Laffaye

329

Measuring Lifelong Learning for the New Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to describe some of the challenges that research and statistical systems are faced with in the education sector as a consequence of the decision taken by the economically advanced countries to adopt a lifelong learning framework and strategy in response to the move towards the new global economy. Market failures currently stand in the

ALBERT TUIJNMAN

2003-01-01

330

Dynamic Integrated Climate Economy model (DICE)  

EPA Science Inventory

The DICE model is an Integrated Assessment model of climate change impacts and costs, from the perspective of neoclassical economic growth theory. In the model, economies make investments in capital, education, and technologies. ?Natural capital? is also included as an additiona...

331

The Political Economy of Church and State  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the political economy of church-state relationships. We develop a model of a government's decision to establish or disestablish a state church; the model introduces a comprehensive approach to modeling religious markets that considers both supply- and demand- side factors. We then test the model's predictions with data from a 65-year panel of 31 predominantly Western countries, including

Carl Gwin; Charles M. North

2006-01-01

332

Vertical Economies of Scope in Dairy Farming  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the exception of Azzam and Skinner (2007), the economic literature on farm structure has largely neglected issues of vertical organization of the farm. In this article we estimate a multi-stage, multi-output cost function in order to measure vertical economies of scope in organic and conventional dairy farms. In particular, we model the integration of production of grains and forages

Carlos D. Mayen; Joseph V. Balagtas; Corinne E. Alexander

2009-01-01

333

Planning or free market economy in LDCs?  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the face of it it looks as if there should be no great difference between less developed countries (LDCs) and the advanced\\u000a national economies as far as planning is concerned. And yet in reality such differences do exist, even if they do not necessarily\\u000a stem from the inequalities in the standard of living.

Emil Küng

1973-01-01

334

Islam and the free-market economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses Douglass North's theories of institutional economics to explain progress in Muslim Spain. It argues that it was efficient economic institutions in the guise of a free-market economy where the property rights of different strata of society were well protected, which ensured lasting prosperity. This paper postulates that while a population explosion could have been responsible for the

Saad Azmat

2009-01-01

335

The Brazilian economy, 1928-1945  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the first draft of section 2 of a long chapter on The Economy of Brazil, 1928-1980 to be included in volume 11 of the Cambridge History of Latin America edited by Leslie Bethell. The 1928-1980 chapter shall include a first section on structural change between 1928 and 1980. The three following sections will cover economic policy in

Marcelo de Paiva Abreu

1998-01-01

336

Economies of scale in home care.  

PubMed

Home care (HC) demonstration projects have assessed the results of an existing decentralized system rather than evaluate the consequences of changing the system. This paper examines the potential for improving HC cost performance through economies of scale and how these economies can be introduced into HC operations with expansion and consolidation of the market. Theoretical, empirical and policy issues discussed include: (a) specification of the elements of structural redesign of HC service programs focusing on the creation of joint services; (b) a critique of the current method of estimating the size of the market for long term care; (c) empirical measures of uneven HC market size and density with implications for the opportunity to apply economies of scale; (d) the major institutional obstacles to creating the requisite coordination for joint HC services and policy recommendations to overcome these obstacles; (e) housing settings for joint services; (f) HC practices embodying economies of scale in Sweden. Joint services are especially applicable in older northern cities with a high density and a large number of elderly persons. This delivery mode provides a cost savings logic for expanding and consolidating home care services. PMID:10313359

Joffe, J

1989-01-01

337

Water Economy. Volume 30, Number 6, 1970.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Building of a cascade on the Sola river as a stage in the development of hydrotechnical building in Poland; Cascade on the Sola river; Water economy on the Sola river cascade; General technical concept of the reservoir and dam at Tresna; Technol...

1972-01-01

338

Econometric Modelling of the Russian Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presented models of the Russian economy can be utilized for making short-term macroeconomic forecasts (1–2 quarters forward) as well as for scenario calculations. The models focus on the investigation of the dependence of Russian macroeconomic performance on the world oil prices, Russian external debt payments, and Russia's government social transfers. The models are built as a system of simultaneous

S. A. Aivazian; S. V. Borisova; E. A. Lakalin; V. L. Makarov

2003-01-01

339

Will India become a world economy power?  

Microsoft Academic Search

India's economic rise during the last decades has surprised most of the economists, including the Nobel Laureate Paul Krugman. Which are the ingredients of such an economic roadmap and why hasn’t India's economy boosted along with those of the \\

Cristian Incaltarau

2010-01-01

340

Facing the Challenges of a Turbulent Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As college presidents face the challenges of a turbulent and uncertain economy, they are working to assess the impacts on their strategic financial positions and to develop response plans that reflect their institutional missions and values. How can college presidents navigate during these difficult economic times as they seek to hold on to the…

Gann, Pamela B.

2009-01-01

341

The Political Economy of Japanese Monetary Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In The Political Economy of Japanese Monetary Policy, Cargill, Hutchison, and Takatoshi investigate the formulation and execution of monetary and financial policies in Japan within a broad technical, political, and institutional context. Their emphasis is on the period since the collapse of the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates in the early 1970s, and on the effects of policies

Thomas F. Cargill; Takatoshi Ito

1997-01-01

342

Employment Policy in the Global Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This special issue on employment policy in the global economy looks at macroeconomic policies and employment, institutional requirements for full employment, the world trade system, foreign investment, the marginalism of Africa, productivity enhancing policies, influence of information and communication technology, industrialized countries, and…

Lee, Eddy; And Others

1995-01-01

343

Credit Risk in a Network Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a structural model of credit risk in a network economy, where any firm can lend to any other firm, so that each firm is subject to counterparty risk either from direct borrowers or from remote firms in the network. This model takes into account the role of each firm's cash management. We show that we can obtain a

Didier Cossin; Henry Schellhorn

2007-01-01

344

Toward an Understanding of the Informal Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

After surveying some of the typical content of the informal economy, the authors argue that the most substantial amount of activity in this sector is based on family and community and may not involve an immediate expectation of financial return. It would include local barter, mutual aid and self-help networks as well as other activities such as light construction and

Joseph P. Gaughan; Louis A. Ferman

1987-01-01

345

A robust rural economy in 2006?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural America will remember 2005 as a year of drought, hurricanes, and surging gas prices. To be sure, some regions of the country faced devastating natural catastrophes. Yet, these catastrophes did not stop the farm sector from posting another banner income year—nor did they stop the nonfarm sectors from enjoying solid gains in employment and income. Overall, the rural economy

Jason Henderson

2006-01-01

346

Will energy markets refuel the rural economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rural economy began 2006 facing an uncertain outlook. For two years, rural growth had been unusually strong. But rising energy prices threatened to stall the expansion. Many businesses had already been weakened by high input costs, and many households were feeling squeezed by higher costs for gas and heating fuel. As the year progressed, however, some rural communities were

Jason Henderson; Maria Akers

2007-01-01

347

Economy's Troubles Could Hit Colleges Unusually Hard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Financial experts everywhere agree that the economy appears headed toward a recession. The question is how long it will last and how deep it will be. The last recession, in 2001, lasted less than a year. Most sectors, including higher education, shrugged it off. During lengthier downturns, colleges have often benefited from increased enrollments.…

Wolverton, Brad

2008-01-01

348

Trends in Alaska's People and Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides data on Alaska's population, economy, health, education, government, and natural resources, including specific information on Alaska Natives. Since 1960, Alaska's population has tripled and become more diverse, more stable, older, less likely to be male or married, and more concentrated. About 69 percent of the population…

Leask, Linda; Killorin, Mary; Martin, Stephanie

349

INDIAN ECONOMY BEYOND 2005: A STRATEGIC PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “future” has already happened as we have entered the new Millennium with a reformed India—demographically a large country with small economy. It is about five decades and a half after independence, and a decade and half after reforms, the story of India is the “saga of missed opportunities”. However, it should not be misconstrued that there have been no

V S Singh; B K Singh

2006-01-01

350

Does China deserve the market economy status?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Throughout the past 30 years, major economic reforms have been implemented in China; in 2001, China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) was a major step, since it enabled the country to formally join the globalised world. But China entered the WTO without market economy status (MES), meaning that other countries can easily use the WTO international

Marie-José Rinaldi-Larribe; William S. Lightfoot; Zhongxiu Zhao

2009-01-01

351

Moldova: Moving to a Market Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report begins by outlining the development and structure of the Moldovan economy up to 1990 and then discusses the nature of the shocks that occurred in 1991 and 1992 and their consequences for output, incomes, and macro-stability. It goes on to discu...

1994-01-01

352

Latvia: The Transition to a Market Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study presents the first comprehensive assessment of the Latvian economy prepared by the World Bank. It is composed of two parts. Part I focuses on macroeconomic and systemic reform issues and Part II provides an overview and analysis of the main sect...

1993-01-01

353

Measuring potential vulnerabilities in emerging market economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes some experiments with the construction of relatively simple indices which summarise in a systematic and objective way information about emerging economies currently under pressure in financial markets and those vulnerable to such pressure in the future. A survey of the literature suggests financial crises are typically preceded by overvalued exchange rates, inadequate international reserves, recessions and excessive

Marc Klau; John Hawkins

2000-01-01

354

Housing markets and the economy: the assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing markets have multiple interactions with the rest of the economy and these are surveyed in this paper. The drivers of house prices include income, the housing stock, demography, credit availability, interest rates, and lagged appreciation, the latter a potential mechanism for overshooting. There is rather less agreement on the determinants of new construction, though planning constraints are widely seen

John Muellbauer; Anthony Murphy

2008-01-01

355

The Planned Economies and International Economic Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This 1991 book was the first comprehensive study of the role of socialist countries within the international economic order. The author presents an overview of the emergence of the postwar economic order and examines the key features of three kinds of centrally planned economies. He then analyses the role of financial frameworks and the international trade system in ensuring smooth

Jozef M. Brabant

356

Supporting Innovation in Developing and Transitional Economies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the impact of innovative entrepreneurship and the needs of developing and transitional economies. Outlines the operation of the European Commission's Business and Innovation Centres. Suggests that innovation must be viewed as a major issue in all enterprises and that greater recognition be given to the role of innovative small and…

Robinson, Simon

1997-01-01

357

Does the World Economy Swing National Elections?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do voters reward national leaders who are more competent economic managers, or merely those who happen to be in power when the world economy booms? Using data from 268 democratic elections held between 1978 and 1999, I compare the effect of world growth (luck) and national growth relative to world growth (competence). Both matter, but the effect of luck is

Andrew Leigh

2009-01-01

358

49 CFR 525.11 - Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. 525...exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. ...this part or to amend an alternative average fuel economy standard...

2012-10-01

359

Abraham Lincoln and the global economy.  

PubMed

Abraham Lincoln would have well understood the challenges facing many modern emerging nations. In Lincoln's America, as in many developing nations today, sweeping economic change threatened older industries, traditional ways of living, and social and national cohesion by exposing economies and societies to new and powerful competitive forces. Yet even in the midst of the brutal and expensive American Civil war--and in part because of it--Lincoln and the Republican Congress enacted bold legislation that helped create a huge national market, a strong and unified economy governed by national institutions, and a rising middle class of businessmen and property owners. Figuring out how to maximize the benefits of globalization while minimizing its disruptions is a formidable challenge for policy makers. How do you expand opportunities for the talented and the lucky while making sure the rest of society doesn't fall behind? It may be helpful to look at the principles that informed the policies that Lincoln and the Republican Congress instituted after they came to power in 1861: Facilitate the upward mobility of low- and middle-income groups to give them a significant stake in the country. Emphasize the good of the national economy over regional interests. Affirm the need for sound government institutions to temper the dynamics of the free enterprise system. Tailor policies to the national situation. Realize that a period of turmoil may present a unique opportunity for reform. These principles drove the reforms that helped Americans cope with and benefit from rapid technological advances and the fast integration of the American economy in the nineteenth century. They may be instructive to today's policy makers who are struggling to help their own citizens integrate into the fast-changing global economy of the twenty-first century. PMID:12884668

Hormats, Robert D

2003-08-01

360

Evaluation of the Representativeness of EPA Fuel Economy Estimates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Energy conservation has become a major national commitment. An important element of this commitment is a national strategy to improve the fuel economy of the new car fleet through a regulatory program involving stringent fuel economy standards that each m...

T. Cackette

1978-01-01

361

General Equilibrium in Infinite Dimensional Economies: A Truncation Approach.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mostly infinite dimensional economies can be considered limits of finite dimensional economies, in particular when we think of time or product differentiation. We investigate conditions under which sequences of quasi-equilibria in finite dimensional econo...

S. J. L. van Eijndhoven J. H. van Geldrop C. A. A. M. Withagen

1996-01-01

362

Chinese Military Modernization, The Economy, and Security in East Asia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper attempts to analyze the roots of current Chinese military modernization in the context of China's transformation to a market economy. The specific focus of the analysis is the relationship between the economy, the military and security in East ...

J. P. Long

2000-01-01

363

Token Economies in Rehabilitation: A Book of Readings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the past ten years behavior modification techniques have become widely used within the field of rehabilitation. Among these techniques is the token economy. Like all behavior modification techniques, the token economy is based on a system in which cert...

T. J. Esser K. F. Botterbusch

1975-01-01

364

An Open Economy Model of the Credit Channel Applied to Four Asian Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a theoretical model of an open economy credit channel including currency mismatch and financial fragility where exporting firms have access to international credit but non-exporting firms do not. It considers the post-crisis outcome which is predicted to be dramatically different for exporters\\/non-exporters. We examine firms’ access to external finance in four Asian economies after 1997 using a

Spiros Bougheasa; Paul Mizena; Cihan Yalcina

365

Online Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes provisions of Children's Internet Protection Act, which school districts are required to implement on or before October 31, 2001, involving the development and public dissemination of federally mandated Internet-safety policy to prevent minors from accessing inappropriate and harmful material. Provides suggestions to protect children…

Levine, Elliott

2001-01-01

366

Safety Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists 72 organizations and programs that deal with child safety, grouped by the following categories: (1) general; (2) general violence; (3) gun violence; (4) media violence; (5) drugs and alcohol; (6) child abuse and at-risk children; (7) parenting programs; (8) community service programs; (9) leadership programs; (10) peer counseling; (11)…

Hoot, James L.; Bartkowiak, Elaine T.

1994-01-01

367

Safety First!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author relates how a hands-on chemistry investigation provided her the inspiration to develop an effective safety lesson for her third grade chemistry class. She began the lesson by demonstrating the use of pH indicator paper to show that ordinary household (white) vinegar was an acid. With the students, she wondered aloud…

Longfield, Judith

2006-01-01

368

Roadside Safety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 12 papers in the report deal with the following areas: some recent developments in timber pole safety by design; Pennsylvania's guide rail standards; a cost-effective change; events that produce occupant injury in longitudinal barrier accidents; low-m...

D. L. Ivey J. R. Morgan L. C. Schultz M. H. Ray J. D. Michie

1986-01-01

369

Farm Safety  

PubMed Central

Accident and safety are related terms; the higher the accident rate in any industry, the greater is the need for safety measures designed to prevent accidents. This article discusses the accident and safety problems in agriculture, which includes horticulture and forestry. There is still a tendency among townspeople to think of the countryside as peaceful and tranquil, a place where nothing happens very quickly and far removed from violent death or crippling injury. This pleasant rustic picture has undergone a striking change in the last 30 years owing to considerable agricultural mechanization and the development of chemical pesticides, which have brought new dangers to those who live and work on the land. Although men have readily adapted themselves to new machines and methods, they have not proved as able to recognize new dangers and learn how to guard against them. In consequence, accidents have increased to such an extent that the whole industry has realized the need for positive preventive measures. In this country, it is generally accepted that an employer of labour has a responsibility to provide safe working conditions for those he employs. Farm safety legislation goes a little further and usually requires an employer to provide necessary safeguards, with the added requirement on a worker to make use of them. It is a feature of accident prevention work that it never reaches a stage when it can be regarded as complete. Even when a reduction in accidents has been achieved, the effort must be sustained or the trend will be quickly reversed. Images

Wilson, G. S.

1966-01-01

370

Radiation Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing and radiology staff members can have a difficult time coexisting and communicating as they strive to provide quality care for patients. Misconceptions about safe radiologic practice within the practice of perioperative nursing occur because members of these professional fields are unfamiliar with each other's knowledge and practice guidelines. This article provides an overview of radiologic practice and safety.

Michael Shymko; Tina Marie Shymko

1998-01-01

371

Cryogenics safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The safety hazards associated with handling cryogenic fluids are discussed in detail. These hazards include pressure buildup when a cryogenic fluid is heated and becomes a gas, potential damage to body tissues due to surface contact, toxic risk from breathing air altered by cryogenic fluids, dangers of air solidification, and hazards of combustible cryogens such as liquified oxygen, hydrogen, or

Reider

1977-01-01

372

Bike Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... chirping. What could be more perfect than a bike ride? But wait! Before you pull your bike out of the garage, let's find out how ... two wheels. Why Is Bicycle Safety So Important? Bike riding is a lot of fun, but accidents ...

373

School Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The articles in this issue dealing with school safety discusses what rural and small urban settings are doing to prevent violence and to educate young people about prosocial alternatives to violence. The research is quite clear that female, minority, and gay students are the targets of a disproportionate amount of harassment and violence, both in…

The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 1999

1999-01-01

374

The Role of Research in the New Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is increasingly becoming clear that there is no separate new Economy. The new Economy is an integral part of the old Economy.\\u000a It does not operate with completely new rules. On the other hand, it is also widely accepted that there is another type of\\u000a Economy which is taking shape. The same happened in Art at the beginning of

Dennis Tsichritzis

2001-01-01

375

Monetary Policy Rules in Emerging Market Economies: Issues and Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews the recent conduct of monetary policy and the central banks’ interest rate setting behaviour in emerging\\u000a market economies. Using a standard open economy reaction function, we test whether central banks in emerging market economies\\u000a react to changes in inflation, output gap, and the exchange rate in a consistent and predictable manner. In most emerging\\u000a market economies, the

M. S. Mohanty; Marc Klau

2004-01-01

376

The Enlargement of an Integrated Economy and Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the growth effects of the enlargement of an integrated economy by making use of a many-country equilibrium growth model with heterogeneous labor. We prove that the impact of the number of member countries on the integrated economy''s growth rate is positive. In addition, we also analyze the growth effects of the individual countries after integration. We find

Cheng-te Lee

2009-01-01

377

Indonesia: The Strange and Sudden Death of a Tiger Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the East Asian crisis economies, Indonesia has been by far the worst affected. Its economic contraction has been about twice as great as the next most affected economy, Thailand. It is the only crisis economy to experience serious inflation. Its political turmoil and social tension have also obviously been much deeper than elsewhere. Finally, unlike Thailand, the early warning

Hal Hill

2000-01-01

378

The Knowledge-Based Economy: Conceptual Framework or Buzzword?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last two decades, concepts have appeared that have influenced and even defined entire science and technology policies in Western countries: high technology, national system of innovation, information economy, knowledge-based economy, and the new economy. In all these policy developments, the OECD, acting as a think tank for its member countries, has been an important promoter of these concepts,

Benoît Godin

2006-01-01

379

Globalisation, knowledge and the myth of the magnet economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the dominant view of the changing relationship between education, jobs and rewards in the global knowledge economy. This asserts that the developed economies can resolve issues of individual aspirations, economic efficiency and social justice through the creation of a high?skills, high?wage ‘magnet’ economy. Here the authors examine four of the key dimensions of this account and argue

Phillip Brown; Hugh Lauder

2006-01-01

380

Concepts and Translations of Political Economy and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the terms economics and political economy are translated in Korea, Japan, and China as Kyeongjaehak(which originally meant statecraft for the people's welfare) and Jeongchikyeongjaehak, respectively. However, the translation of Kyeongjaehak, in fact, originated in the very concept of political economy. The etymology of the translated terms for political economy in India and China actually accords with the original concept

Hun-Chang Lee

2008-01-01

381

Globalization and the Island Economies of the South Pacific  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of increasing integration of the island economies of the South Pacific into expanding international markets, particularly that of Fiji and the Solomon Islands. Since the 1980s, globalization of the world economy has altered dramatically the volume and character of international resource flow. This has provided small island economies financing for international transactions, competitiveness, and diffusion

Rukmani Gounder; V. Xayavong

2001-01-01

382

Discussion and Conclusion: A Global Perspective on the World Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Important changes are taking place in the world economy which are not adequately dealt with by either Keynesian or monetarist theories. Too much emphasis placed on what is happening in the American and western European economies can blind us to important developments in such nonwestern economies as the OPEC nations. (IS)|

Hague, Douglas

1983-01-01

383

Circular Economy Strategies of oil and Gas exploitation in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the strategy of sustainable development is generally accepted, developed countries are harmonious developing oil and gas and ecological environment by developing circular economy and building cyclic ecological society. Circular economy has a successful practice in the oil and gas industry in some developed countries and has formed the varied and practicable development modes. In this paper, circular economy strategies

Huang Kun; Zhang Jian

2011-01-01

384

THE EVOLUTION OF SERVICE ECONOMIES: A GEOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of the several classifications of services, each emphasizes different characteristics. The International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) is used for a comparative study on the transformation into service economies of the U.S., Canada, Great Britain, France, West Germany, Italy and Japan. Service economies are defined as national economies in which employment in services surpassed that in manufacturing. The pace of the

Aharon Kellerman

1985-01-01

385

Globalisation and the Political Economy of High Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to develop a methodology for the comparative study of the political economy of skill formation with a particular focus on policies designed to develop routes to a high skills economy. It is argued that the advanced economies face a series of ‘pressure points’ in common which can only be addressed by making a series of policy trade?offs.

Phillip Brown

1999-01-01

386

FDI and the Opening Up of China's Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although China has been opening up its economy for more than twenty years, it is generally considered that its future accession to WTO will imply far-reaching consequences for its economy. In order to better understand what is at stake as China enters the WTO, this study is intended to investigate the degree of openness of China's economy at the end

Francoise Lemoine

2000-01-01

387

Greater China and the political economy of regionalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

is not that long ago since the study of China's political economy could all ut ignore the external dynamic of the global political economy. But with China's insertion into that global political economy--particularly after Deng Xiaoping's nanxun in 1992--not only has China become embedded in the global, but the global is also increasingly embedding itself in China. One of the

Shaun Breslin

2004-01-01

388

The Initiation of Homeless Youth into the Street Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15-23) were recruited from four community-based…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Gostnell, Karla; Smolenski, Carol; Willis, Brian; Nish, David; Nolan, Theresa C.; Tharaken, Maya; Ritchie, Amanda S.

2009-01-01

389

Economies of Scale in e-Government: Time for Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of economies of scale has been often taken for granted in the discussion of many eGovernment implementation issues. This paper discusses this assumption by showing that empirical evidence in favor of economies of scale may be considered context dependent. Although the analysis carried out does not lead to discard the presence of economies of scale in the provision

Enrico Ferro; Marco Cantanmessa; Emilio Paolucci

2004-01-01

390

Opportunity Knocks: Training the Commonwealth's Workers for the New Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current situation regarding training Massachusetts' workers for the new economy was reviewed. Special attention was paid to the following topics: Massachusetts and the skill-centered economy; opportunities for workforce system reform; skills demanded in the new economy; ways other states are building workers' skills; and the fragile setting…

Donahue, John D.; Lynch, Lisa M.; Whitehead, Ralph, Jr.

391

Do Liberal Arts Colleges Exhibit Economies of Scale and Scope?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study empirically estimates a multiple-product fixed total cost function and output relationship for liberal arts colleges in the United States. Statistical results based on data for 295 private liberal arts colleges suggest that there are both economies of scale and economies of scope in higher education. Furthermore, product-specific economies of scope do exist for all output levels and activities.

Rajindar Koshal; Manjulika Koshal

2000-01-01

392

Using Monetary Policy Rules in Emerging Market Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows that the use of monetary policy rules in emerging market economies has many of the same benefits that have been found in research and in practice in developed economies. For those emerging market economies that do not choose a policy of \\

John B. Taylor

393

Growth Cycles in Centrally Planned Economies: An Empirical Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

For some time Marxist economists believed that central planning as applied in the Soviet-type economies could prevent cyclical fluctuation. This view, however changed, when in 1960’s it became quite obvious, that some type of cycle is generated in centrally planned economies as well. Because the mechanism of functioning is different than in market economies, the existing theories of business cycle

Oldrich Kyn; Jiri Slama; Wolfram Schrettl

2005-01-01

394

Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Safety & Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... About CDC.gov . NIOSH Home Workplace Safety & Health Topics NIOSH NIOSH A-Z Index What's New on ... New Archive 1996-1997 Workplace Safety and Health Topics Industries & Occupations Hazards & Exposures Diseases & Injuries Safety & Prevention ...

395

40 CFR 600.207-93 - Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. 600.207-93...207-93 Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. (a) Fuel economy...3) The city fuel economy values of the model type (calculated to...

2009-01-01

396

40 CFR 600.207-86 - Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. 600.207-86...207-86 Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. (a) Fuel economy...3) The city fuel economy values of the model type (calculated to...

2009-01-01

397

40 CFR 600.207-93 - Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. 600.207-93...207-93 Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. (a) Fuel economy...3) The city fuel economy values of the model type (calculated to...

2010-07-01

398

40 CFR 600.207-86 - Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. 600.207-86...207-86 Calculation of fuel economy values for a model type. (a) Fuel economy...3) The city fuel economy values of the model type (calculated to...

2010-07-01

399

Effective safety training programs for aluminum cast shops  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To compete effectively in a global economy, aluminum casting operations must develop and maintain a qualified and competent workforce. A significant part of this effort must center on employee training, especially safety training. In addition to providing employees with accurate information, effective safety training programs will recognize certain principles governing human behavior. This paper reviews topical content appropriate for safety training programs to be used in aluminum casting operations and suggests ways to enhance the effectiveness of such training by incorporating principles of human behavior.

Ekenes, J. Martin

2001-11-01

400

Political economy of tobacco control in Thailand  

PubMed Central

Thailand has some of the world's strongest anti-tobacco legislation. This paper examines the political economy of tobacco control in Thailand, emphasising the identification of forces which have supported and opposed the passage of strong anti-tobacco measures. It argues that while a powerful tobacco control coalition was created in the late 1980s, the gains won by this coalition are now under threat from systematic attempts by transnational tobacco companies to strengthen their share of the Thai cigarette market. The possible privatisation of the Thailand Tobacco Monopoly could threaten the tobacco control cause, but the pro-control alliance is fighting back with a proposed Health Promotion Act which would challenge the tobacco industry with a hypothecated excise tax dedicated to health awareness campaigns.???Keywords: anti-tobacco legislation; political economy; Thailand; transnational tobacco companies

Chantornvong, S.; McCargo, D.

2001-01-01

401

Advancing Knowledge and the Knowledge Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The attention paid to the burgeoning "knowledge economy" continues to grow, particularly within the halls of higher education, the federal government, and in the private sector. This past January, the National Science Foundation (in collaboration with other institutions) convened a conference designed "to broaden and deepen common understanding of how difficult-to-measure knowledge resources drive an increasing virtualized economy and to assess prospects for advancing and regenerating knowledge infrastructure, institutions, and policies." While the conference itself is finished, users interested in these themes will appreciate this site, which offers some material about these various issues, along with material on the program itself and the work presented there. After examining these background materials, visitors will want to peruse the draft papers presented at the conference, which deal with networks of knowledge, measuring knowledge, and knowledge clusters.

402

Fuel economy potential of proposed carburetor concepts  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the fuel economy improvement potential of carburetor designs proposed for automotive spark ignition engines. In addition, information is presented pertaining to exhaust emissions and driveability effects, system applicability, and development status. The technical basis for the assessment is derived from data available in the open literature and information acquired through communication with carburetor manufacturers and automobile industry representatives. Carburetor concepts proposed for improved fuel economy generally rely on improved metering accuracy and on the mechanisms of improved atomization, vaporization, and cylinder-to-cylinder distribution, which in turn allow the use of leaner air-fuel mixtures to raise cycle thermodynamic efficiency. The devices evaluated are divided into six categories: sonic, atomizing, vaporizing, constant depression, unconventional fuel metering, and conventional designs.

Levine, A.S.; Levine, D.L.

1984-07-01

403

City of Ideas: Reinventing Boston's Innovation Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Foundation has worked for over a century to improve the lives of Boston-area residents through its investigations into the housing market, economic development, and the future of public schools. This 56-page report on Boston's innovation economy was released in March 2012, and it looks into how Boston will remain competitive in a range of 21st century industries over the coming years. In the introduction to the work, Paul S. Grogan, CEO of The Boston Foundation, notes that "Macro-economic trends have not been kind to households on the low end of the economic ladder" and "Our second challenge is the degree to which rising health care costs have outpaced our investment in education." Moving on, curious readers will find chapters in the paper titled "A New Paradigm for Boston's Innovation Economy" and "Possible Scenarios for Boston in 2030." Public policy types and others will find this work to be quite interesting and thought-provoking.

2012-03-14

404

[VOCs tax policy on China's economy development].  

PubMed

In this paper, environmental tax was designed to control volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model was used to explore the impacts of environmental tax (in forms of indirect tax) on the macro-economy development at both national and sector levels. Different levels of tax were simulated to find out the proper tax rate. It is found out that imposing environmental tax on high emission sectors can cause the emission decreased immediately and can lead to negative impacts on macro-economy indicators, such as GDP (gross domestic products), total investment, total product and the whole consumption etc. However, only the government income increased. In addition, the higher the tax rate is, the more pollutants can be reduced and the worse economic effects can be caused. Consequently, it is suggested that, the main controlling policies of VOCs abatement should be mandatory orders, and low environmental tax can be implemented as a supplementary. PMID:22468510

Liu, Chang-Xin; Wang, Yu-Fei; Wang, Hai-Lin; Hao, Zheng-Ping; Wang, Zheng

2011-12-01

405

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

1993-01-01

406

Safety harness  

DOEpatents

A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment. The safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

Gunter, L.W.

1991-04-08

407

Kin investment in wage-labor economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various human groups, from food foragers to inner-city urban Americans, have used widespread sharing of resources through\\u000a kin networks as a means of buffering themselves against fluctuations in resource availability in their environments. This\\u000a paper addresses the effects of progressive incorporation into a wage-labor economy on the benefits of traditional kin networks\\u000a for two social classes in urban South India.

Mary K. Shenk

2005-01-01

408

Cyber-economies and the Real World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pure cyber-economies of information goods traded within virtual space have their own dynamics similar in some ways to physical goods, but in other ways more fundamental as the products of cyber-space may transform the space itself. However, the most radical effect of e-commerce for ordinary consumers may be its transformation of the real world of physical goods in real shops.

Alan Dix

409

Optimal food allocation in a slave economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   We propose a model of food allocation in an economy in which property rights exist in human beings. We assume that a slave-owner\\u000a allocates food over the slave's lifetime so as to maximise his own wealth. The slave's productive capacity is determined endogenously\\u000a by food consumption. Food allotment during childhood and adolescence determines productive capacity over the life course.

R. Rees; John Komlos; Ngo V. Long; Ulrich Woitek

2003-01-01

410

New constitutionalism, democratisation and global political economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constitutional revision is a feature of the 1990s. Specifically, this involves initiatives to politically ‘lock in’ neo?liberal reforms. These initiatives serve to secure investor freedoms and property rights for transnational enterprises. Yet students of international political economy have paid surprisingly little attention to the constitutional aspects of global restructuring. Thus this essay analyses the new constitutionalism of disciplinary neo?liberalism, understood

Stephen Gill

1998-01-01

411

Political economy of tobacco control in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thailand has some of the world's strongest anti-tobacco legislation. This paper examines the political economy of tobacco control in Thailand, emphasising the identification of forces which have supported and opposed the passage of strong anti-tobacco measures. It argues that while a powerful tobacco control coalition was created in the late 1980s, the gains won by this coalition are now under

Sombat Chantornvong; Duncan McCargo

2001-01-01

412

Changes in running economy following downhill running  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined the time course of changes in running economy following a 30-min downhill (?15%) run at 70% peak aerobic power ([Vdot]O2peak). Ten young men performed level running at 65, 75, and 85%[Vdot]O2peak (5 min for each intensity) before, immediately after, and 1 – 5 days after the downhill run, at which times oxygen consumption ([Vdot]O2), minute ventilation, the respiratory

Trevor C. Chen; Kazunori Nosaka; Jui-Hung Tu

2007-01-01

413

United States Economy & The Stock Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is this a new economy? Inflation and interest rates are low. Compared to previous recessions, unemployment rates are also low but productivity is growing at a healthy pace. For the first time since the 1920s stock markets have been falling during the first few months of an economic recov- ery. The U.S. stockholders wealth has been reduced by approximately $8.0

Harjit K. Arora; Michael P. Buz

414

Sago production in a New Guinea economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The techniques used by the Sanio-Hiowe of Papua New Guinea to produce edible starch from the sago palm (Metroxylon sp.) are described. Input-output analysis demonstrates that this is a highly productive subsistence technology; nevertheless, the Sanio-Hiowe economy is characterized by an absence of intensification. This is ascribed to functional consequences of dependence on hunting and gathering in the interior. In

Patricia K. Townsend

1974-01-01

415

The European Economy Between the Wars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Economy Between the Wars provides a full and up-to-date economic history of Europe in the inter-war period. The authors place the Great Depression of 1929-33 and the associated financial crisis at the centre of the narrative, and present these as both the culmination of the economic consequences of the First World War, the post-war peace treaties, and the

Charles H. Feinstein; Peter Temin; Gianni Toniolo

1997-01-01

416

The Retail Sector and the Internet Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the state of the retail sector of the U.S. economy with respect to the use and adoption of the Internet. The paper estimates that Internet-channel retail sales accounted for approximately 1% of the total retail sales in the beginning of 2000. This is approximately US$8 billion. While Internet retailers are continuing to experience significant growth, their competitors

Joseph P. Bailey

2000-01-01

417

Will the rural economy rebound in 2010?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the U.S. economy emerges from recession, prospects for a rural rebound in 2010 are also rising. After months of sharp contraction, the nation’s GDP rose solidly in the second half of 2009. Rural job losses also slowed as the year progressed, and commodity prices rebounded, spurring some optimism that farm profits could soon stabilize. ; The nation’s economic gains,

Jason Henderson

2010-01-01

418

The Evolution of the Knowledge Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper revisits the definition of the knowledge economy (Beck, 1992) and investi- gates changes in knowledge-based industries between 1991 and 2001. Using the General Edu- cational Development Reasoning (GEDR) scale (1-6), non-farm industries were classified as higher knowledge-based industries (GEDR level ? 5). The 2001 U.S. national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates data were analyzed to identify knowledge-

Hanas A. Cader

2008-01-01

419

Open economy politics: A critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

An emergent paradigm, referred to as Open Economy Politics (OEP), now structures and guides research among many scholars.\\u000a This essay sketches the general contours of the paradigm. Scientific accumulation is, in my view, the potential and great\\u000a benefit of a self-conscious understanding of OEP as a single, unifying paradigm. The essay also provides a sympathetic critique\\u000a of OEP and shows

David A. Lake

2009-01-01

420

Financing government expenditures in an open economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the growth and welfare effects of alternative modes of government finance within a small open economy. Using a model that allows for currency substitution and income-tax evasion, we find that seigniorage finance has stronger negative implications for growth over income-tax finance, in countries with less-developed financial markets. This result is reinforced when in these countries income-tax evasion is

Jill A. Holman; Kyriakos C. Neanidis

2006-01-01

421

The Mexican Economy and the 2012 Elections  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines some of the economic issues that could be relevant to Mexico’s July 1st presidential election. These include the short-term impact of the 2008-2009 recession and recovery; the longer-term record of Mexico’s economy since the Partido Acción Nacional (PAN) party took power nearly 12 years ago; and the longer-term trends of economic growth during the last decades of

Rebecca Ray; Mark Weisbrot

2012-01-01

422

Vaccine safety.  

PubMed

Brief reports are presented on Swissmedic's experiences with PaniFlow, a tool to monitor Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) of pandemic influenza (H1N1) 2009 vaccines and UMC's updates on AEFI of these vaccines; on WHO's Global Network for Post-marketing Surveillance of Prequalified Vaccines and India joining the network; the June 2010 meeting of the Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety. PMID:21673419

Labadie, Jerry

2011-01-01

423

Food Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food can never be entirely safe. Food safety is threatened by numerous pathogens that cause a variety of foodborne diseases,\\u000a algal toxins that cause mostly acute disease, and fungal toxins that may be acutely toxic but may also have chronic sequelae,\\u000a such as teratogenic, immunotoxic, nephrotoxic, and estrogenic effects. Perhaps more worrisome, the industrial activities of\\u000a the last century and

Andrea Borchers; Suzanne S. Teuber; Carl L. Keen; M. Eric Gershwin

2010-01-01

424

FDA Drug Safety Newsletter  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Section Contents Menu. Drug Safety and Availability. FDA Drug Safety Newsletter. ... FDA Drug Safety Newsletter. The FDA Drug Safety ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugsafetynewsletter

425

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety - Section Contents ... Medical Product Safety Network Emergency Situations (Medical Devices) - Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

426

Patient Safety Organizations  

MedlinePLUS

... mail Updates Welcome to AHRQ's Patient Safety Organization Web Site The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005 (Patient Safety Act) authorized the creation of Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) to improve the ...

427

Factors Affecting Informal Economy of Rural Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, the informal economy in the rural areas of Turkey has been measured and factors affecting the informal economy have been analyzed. The informal economy has been discussed with regards to three main issues, namely unpaid household labor force usage, own consumption of crop and animal products and informal sales. Although the household labor force is mainly used in farms for agricultural and off-farm activities, the rate of idle labor has been found to be highly significant. It has been found that milk has the largest share of animal produce values consumed by the household, while particularly processed milk products are sold informally and that the consumption and sales values of animal produce processed in the households are required to be added to the unrecorded value calculation. Consumption of crops varies depending on the type of product. The own consumption ratio of crops is affected by the size of the enterprise, the number of individuals in the households and particularly the access to the markets of the enterprises in each region. An average informal value of 6,400.04 USD has been calculated per household, which is higher than the farm income, accounting for 4/5 of total household income. This can be attributed to the fact that the farms are generally small family enterprises with limited market-access opportunities.

Gonenc, Sertac; Tanrivermis, Harun

428

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuel Economy Testing at the U.S. EPA National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (SAE Paper 2004-01-2900)  

EPA Science Inventory

The introduction of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and their new technology has created the need for development of new fuel economy test procedures and safety procedures during testing. The United States Environmental Protection Agency-National Vehicle Fuels and Emissions Laborato...

429

Capacity planning in a transitional economy: What issues? Which models?  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to an exploration of the important issues facing the Russian power generation system and its evolution in the foreseeable future and the kinds of modeling approaches that capture those issues. These issues include, for example, (1) trade-offs between investments in upgrading and refurbishment of existing thermal (fossil-fired) capacity and safety enhancements in existing nuclear capacity versus investment in new capacity, (2) trade-offs between investment in completing unfinished (under construction) projects based on their original design versus investment in new capacity with improved design, (3) incorporation of demand-side management options (investments in enhancing end-use efficiency, for example) within the planning framework, (4) consideration of the spatial dimensions of system planning including investments in upgrading electric transmission networks or fuel shipment networks and incorporating hydroelectric generation, (5) incorporation of environmental constraints and (6) assessment of uncertainty and evaluation of downside risk. Models for exploring these issues include low power shutdown (LPS) which are computationally very efficient, though approximate, and can be used to perform extensive sensitivity analyses to more complex models which can provide more detailed answers but are computationally cumbersome and can only deal with limited issues. The paper discusses which models can usefully treat a wide range of issues within the priorities facing decision makers in the Russian power sector and integrate the results with investment decisions in the wider economy.

Mubayi, V.; Leigh, R.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bright, R.N. [Anylec Research, Inc., Bayport, NY (United States)

1996-03-01

430

Scope on Safety: Proactive safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Horrifying stories of accidents in the science lab abound. You may think that such accidents could never happen in your lab, but accidents do happen even in the most controlled environments. So, the best thing you can do to protect yourselves and your students is to implement and document proactive safety procedures. The following actions are recommended to reduce accidents in the lab and litigation in the courtroom.

Roy, Ken

2006-09-01

431

Research safety vehicle program (Phase II) specification review. Volume II. Final technical report, Jul 1975--Nov 1976  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Phase I of the Research Safety Vehicle Program (RSV), preliminary design and performance specifications were developed for a mid-1980's vehicle that integrates crashworthiness and occupant safety features with material resource conservation, economy, and producibility. Phase II of the program focused on development of the total vehicle design via systems engineering and integration analyses. As part of this effort, it

1977-01-01

432

Aerospace: The Political Economy of an Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Aerospace is a leading, high-technology sector which is believed to be central to Europe’s future international competitiveness.\\u000a It is research and development (R&D) intensive, requiring substantial inputs of human capital (e.g. scientific manpower),\\u000a with potential technical’ spin-off’ for the rest of the economy. It is also involved in the newly-emerging market in space.\\u000a Traditionally, it is an industry which has

Keith Hartley

433

Analysis of oil dependent economies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The dramatic decline in oil and gas prices between 1982 and 1986 helped stimulate a national economic recovery from the worst economic slump since the 1930s. However, while many regions were enjoying the benefits of an expanding national economy, regions of the country with large concentrations of industries in the energy sector were extremely hard hit by the energy price declines. The research reported here traces the plights of several of these oil dependent regions: Houston, Denver, Tulsa, New Orleans, Midland-Odessa, Alaska, and Wyoming.

Kohlhase, J.E.; Smith, B.A.

1989-05-01

434

Sustainability, polysaccharide science, and bio-economy.  

PubMed

At the opening of the 2nd EPNOE conference the role and responsibility of polysaccharide scientists was reflected upon and placed in the context of actual global issues like the transition process towards "sustainable bio-economy". Difficulties in the chain of communication between the different parties involved and towards the wider public was addressed. The need for change in the relations between science and the public and to go beyond the horizon of the specialization was discussed. It was stated that polysaccharide science is one of the key sciences in those transitions. PMID:23465895

ten Bos, René; van Dam, Jan E G

2012-02-05

435

Does a robotic scrub nurse improve economy of movements?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective: Robotic assistance during surgery has been shown to be a useful resource to both augment the surgical skills of the surgeon through tele-operation, and to assist the surgeon handling the surgical instruments to the surgeon, similar to a surgical tech. We evaluated the performance and effect of a gesture driven surgical robotic nurse in the context of economy of movements, during an abdominal incision and closure exercise with a simulator. Methods: A longitudinal midline incision (100 mm) was performed on the simulated abdominal wall to enter the peritoneal cavity without damaging the internal organs. The wound was then closed using a blunt needle ensuring that no tissue is caught up by the suture material. All the instruments required to complete this task were delivered by a robotic surgical manipulator directly to the surgeon. The instruments were requested through voice and gesture recognition. The robotic system used a low end range sensor camera to extract the hand poses and for recognizing the gestures. The instruments were delivered to the vicinity of the patient, at chest height and at a reachable distance to the surgeon. Task performance measures for each of three abdominal incision and closure exercises were measured and compared to a human scrub nurse instrument delivery action. Picking instrument position variance, completion time and trajectory of the hand were recorded for further analysis. Results: The variance of the position of the robotic tip when delivering the surgical instrument is compared to the same position when a human delivers the instrument. The variance was found to be 88.86% smaller compared to the human delivery group. The mean task completion time to complete the surgical exercise was 162.7+/- 10.1 secs for the human assistant and 191.6+/- 3.3 secs (P<.01) when using the robotic standard display group. Conclusion: Multimodal robotic scrub nurse assistant improves the surgical procedure by reducing the number of movements (lower variance in the picking position). The variance of the picking point is closely related to the concept of economy of movements in the operating room. Improving the effectiveness of the operating room can potentially enhance the safety of surgical interventions without affecting the performance time.

Wachs, Juan P.; Jacob, Mithun; Li, Yu-Ting; Akingba, George

2012-02-01

436

The dual economy in long-run development  

PubMed Central

A salient feature of developing economies is the coexistence of a modern commercial sector alongside a traditional subsistence sector—the dual economy. The apparent differences in productivity between sectors imply substantial losses in aggregate productivity. Existing theories of the dual economy rely on exogenous price distortions, and cannot explain why or if these distortions evolve over the course of development. This paper provides a model of the dual economy in which the productivity differences arise endogenously because of a non-separability between the value of market and non-market time in the traditional sector. Incorporating endogenous fertility, the model then demonstrates how a dual economy will originate, persist, and eventually disappear within a unified growth framework. An implication is that traditional sector productivity growth will exacerbate the inefficiencies of a dual economy and produce slower overall growth than will modern sector productivity improvements.

2013-01-01

437

SOVIET ECONOMY: Assessment of How Well the CIA Has Estimated the Size of the Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We have reviewed the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) methods for estimating the size of the Soviet Union's economy. In this report, we discuss how well the Agency has calculated Soviet gross national product, both in rubles and as a percent of U.S. gr...

1991-01-01

438

Construction delays in a fast-growing economy: Comparing Thailand with other economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construction delays impact the time and cost of projects. A survey of the delays experienced in highrise building construction projects in Bangkok, Thailand, was undertaken and the result compared with other studies of delays and overruns around the world to determine whether there are special problems that generate delays for construction in developing economies. Resource supply problems were by far

Vithool Jearkjirm

1996-01-01

439

Reterritorialisation of economies and institutions: The rise of the Sydney basin economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an account of institutional and spatial shifts in the Sydney basin economy that coalesce around Australia's current, long period of prosperity. The paper briefly sources this prosperity, noting the key shifts towards the financial and professional services sectors that accompany it. This material is then used to make the argument that two reterritorialisation processes underpin Australia's—and Sydney's—contemporary

Phillip Oneill; Pauline McGuirk

2005-01-01

440

The Knowledge Economy and Innovation: Certain Uncertainty and the Risk Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The knowledge economy is a dominant force in today's world, and innovation policy and national systems of innovation are central to it. In this article, we draw on different sociological and economic theories of risk to engage critically with innovation policy and national systems of innovation. Beck's understanding of a risk society,…

Bullen, Elizabeth; Fahey, Johannah; Kenway, Jane

2006-01-01

441

Economies of Density versus Economies of Scale: Why Trunk and Local Service Airline Costs Differ  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a perception that U.S. trunk airlines had an inherent cost advantage over smaller regional airlines because of economies of scale. We have formulated a general model of airline costs, which we estimate by using panel data on large and small airlines. Differences in scale are shown to have no role in explaining higher costs for small airlines.

Douglas W. Caves; Laurits R. Christensen; Michael W. Tretheway

1984-01-01

442

The Knowledge Economy and Innovation: Certain uncertainty and the risk economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge economy is a dominant force in today's world, and innovation policy and national systems of innovation are central to it. In this article, we draw on different sociological and economic theories of risk to engage critically with innovation policy and national systems of innovation. Beck's understanding of a risk society, Schumpeter's innovation thesis, and Perez's techno-economic paradigm are

Elizabeth Bullen; Johannah Fahey; Jane Kenway

2006-01-01

443

Do guns provide safety? At what cost?  

PubMed

Many people feel that having a gun provides greater safety for them and their family. Actually, having a firearm in the home escalates the risk for death or injury, while using it to shoot someone who endangers the household is much less common. The resultant injuries, deaths, emotional turmoil, and/or disabilities lead to greater utilization of health care and legal/police services. Payment for these expenses is provided by higher insurance premiums and tax rates. This financial aspect has become a part of our country's current political concern over firearm ownership rights, gun violence or regulation, health care costs, the economy, and taxes. PMID:20065902

Narang, Puneet; Paladugu, Anubha; Manda, Sainath Reddy; Smock, William; Gosnay, Cynthia; Lippmann, Steven

2010-02-01

444

The future global role and development of the US economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US economy is facing, as are many other economies across the globe, the challenge of overcoming the current recession\\u000a while having no single satisfactory solution to follow. A result of globalisation is that countries are increasingly interconnected,\\u000a especially in terms of their economies; consequently, decisions taken in the US will have an effect overseas. After assessing\\u000a the Obama administration’s

Diana Furchtgott-Roth

2009-01-01

445

The Currency of White Women's Hair in a Down Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short essay is a reflection on the relationship between the economy and women’s hair. I suggest that examining women’s spending on hair care products during uncertain financial conditions provides insight into the gendered aspects of the economy. As the economy has declined, sales of home hair-care products targeted toward white women have increased. Major news outlets report on salon

Bridget J. Crawford

2010-01-01

446

Public Investment Criteria in Overlapping Generations Models of Open Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper derives criteria for worthwhile public investment in an overlapping generations model of an “almost small” open\\u000a economy- an economy with access to external funding at a given interest rate, but with some influence over its temporal terms of trade. If the economy is dynamically efficient (i.e. the interest rate exceeds the growth rate), committed to free\\u000a trade, public

David F. Burgess

2006-01-01

447

Safety training methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The book provides information necessary for the design, implementation and monitoring of occupational safety training programs. The place of the safety training program within a company is discussed, and the practical aspects of safety and health training programs are considered. OSHA safety and health training requirements are examined, together with the role of the supervisor in safety training and means

J. B. Revelle

1980-01-01

448

Rebuilding a safety culture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a culture of safety and NASA since the Challenger accident is reviewed. The technical elements of the strengthened NASA safety program are described, including problem reporting, risk/assessment/risk management, operational safety, and safety assurance are addressed. Future directions in the development of safety are considered.

Rodney, George A.

1991-11-01

449

Statistical Physics of Economic Systems: a Survey for Open Economies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend the theoretical framework of an independent economy developed by Tao [Phys. Rev. E 82 (2010) 036118] so as to include multiple economies. Since the starting point of our framework is on the basis of the theory of the competitive markets of traditional economics, this framework shall be suitable for any free market. Our study shows that integration of world economies can decrease trade friction among economic systems, but may also cause a global economic crisis whenever economy disequilibrium occurs in any one of these economic systems.

Tao, Yong; Chen, Xun

2012-05-01

450

Autonomous Flight Safety System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Autonomous Flight Safety System (AFSS) is an independent flight safety system designed for small to medium sized expendable launch vehicles launching from or needing range safety protection while overlying relatively remote locations. AFSS replaces the ne...

B. Bull B. Ferrell J. Lanzi J. Simpson R. Zoerner S. Santuro

2004-01-01

451

National Safety Council  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Council recognizes 2013 Class of NSC Rising Stars of Safety at its Congress & Expo The Council recognizes its latest class of NSC Rising Stars of Safety, in conjunction with its 2013 NSC ...

452

Project Nuclear Safety (PNS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The annual report of the nuclear safety project (PNS) describes the work of the participating institutes in the fields of 1) safety and environmental protection in nuclear power plants, 2) safety and environmental protection in reprocessing plants, and 3)...

1978-01-01

453

Water Safety Lesson  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through role-playing and teacher presentation, students learn how to be safe around water. Students learn the three most important safety rules, ways to rescue someone from the water, boat safety, and ocean safety considerations.

Diego, The C.

2010-04-12

454

Making Shop Safety Relevant to Occupational Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The McGuffey High School Vocational Agriculture Department, Claysville, Pennsylvania uses a shop safety demerit system, similar to those used in many industries, to relate safety to the real world of work. The system (context included) has proven effective in creating safety awareness. (EA)

Harshman, William C.

1974-01-01

455

Safety of Phenylpropanolamine  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Safety of Phenylpropanolamine. Food and Drug Administration Public Health Advisory Subject: Safety of Phenylpropanolamine. November 6, 2000. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

456

Aristolochic Acid: Safety Alert  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Section Contents Menu. Recalls, Outbreaks & Emergencies. Safety Alerts & Advisories. -. Aristolochic Acid: Safety Alert. FDA ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recallsoutbreaksemergencies/safetyalertsadvisories

457

National Ag Safety Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

2007-01-15

458

Farm Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

459

Glycerol esters as fuel economy additives  

SciTech Connect

A lubricating oil composition formulated is described for use as a crankcase lubricating oil composition for gasoline or diesel engines consisting essentially of a major amount of a mineral oil of a lubricating viscosity which has incorporated about 0.20 weight percent of a glycerol partial ester. The partial ester is a mixture of glycerol monooleate and glycerol dioleate. The mixture has a weight ratio of 3 parts of glycerol monooleate to 2 parts of glycerol dioleate the ester providing a fuel economy improvement of about 1 to 3 percent when the lubricating oil composition is employed in the crankcase of the engine. An ashless dispersant, a metal detergent additive, a zinc dihdyrocarbyl dithiophosphate anti-wear additive and an antioxidant. The dispersant, detergent, anti-wear additive and antioxidant are present in conventional amounts to provide their normal attendant functions.

Brewster, P.W.; Smith, C.R.; Gowland, F.W.

1987-07-28

460

The Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1982, The Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE) is an interdisciplinary research project that focuses on �"international economic competition and the development and application of advanced technologies". Moving between the worlds of the private sector to interactions with fellow scholars and policymakers, BRIE has created a number of thought-provoking documents for the web-browsing public and placed them on this site. Visitors who require a bit more background material may want to first visit the "About BRIE" area which includes information on their objectives and research mission. After taking a look at the materials there, interested parties should proceed to the "Publications" area, which contains a very nice working papers area. Here visitors can download such intriguing titles as "Transforming Politics in a Digital Era" and "Boom Boxes: Shipping Containers and Terrorists".

461

REQUIREMENTS FOR RAW MATERIALS IN AN EXPANDING NUCLEAR POWER ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for breeding does not appear to be highly cost for a moderately ; optimistic expanding nuclear power economy between 1960 and 2000. Since the ; expansion rate of the US nuclear economy is assumed to be high at least 2\\/3 of ; the U-235 recovered from natural uranium is used to supply reactor inventory. It ; is the

E. D. Arnold; J. W. Ullmann

1959-01-01

462

The Cost Function and Scale Economies in Academic Research Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This empirical research examined scale economies of academic research libraries and developed a total cost function for estimating economies of scale. Suggests that libraries in general, and academic research libraries in particular, are information provision organizations that provide multiproducts and multiservices. Findings indicate that…

Liu, Lewis G.

2003-01-01

463

Universities' Entrepreneurial Performance: The Role of Agglomeration Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spite of the extensive research on universities' entrepreneurship, whether research strength fosters or dampens their entrepreneurial performance remains controversial. Much research claims an influential role of research universities in regional economy, however, little has been said about what a part that the agglomeration economies may play…

Chen, Ping Penny

2011-01-01

464

Use of the Systems Approach for Successful Token Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The three basic steps of the systems approach are described: the mission profile, the functional analysis, and the method-means. The advantageous use of these steps in planning a token economy is illustrated by a systematic evaluation of a token economy implemented in a sixth-grade setting. (Author)|

Nagle, Catherine C.; And Others

1978-01-01

465

Competition policy implementation in transition economies: An empirical assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1990 and 1996, competition laws have been adopted in 22 of the 26 transition economies of eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Yet there is very little systematic evidence about implementation experience, and none regarding its impact on intensity of economy-wide competition. The novelty of this paper is twofold. First, it defines a range of competition policy implementation

Mark A. Dutz; Maria Vagliasindi

2000-01-01

466

Fuel Economy Driver Interfaces: Driving Simulator Study of Component Concepts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A fuel economy driver interface (FEDI) gives a driver an indication of fuel usage or efficiency. Many passenger vehicles in recent model years have FEDIs and they have been included in some vehicle models for decades. FEDIs present fuel economy informatio...

2010-01-01

467

Canada in the International Economy: A Teaching Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of a series of teaching units designed to introduce secondary school students to the Canadian economy, this handbook contains instructional materials on Canada's role in the world economy. Ten sections contain readings and suggestions for activities related to Canadian trade, tariffs, the Canada-United States automobile pact, Canada-United…

Hunter, William T.; Staunton, Ted, Ed.

468

The media and the economy: should we blame the messenger?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every day millions of Americans turn to the media for information about current events, including the state of the economy. They want to know if the economy is growing or if it is in a recession. Journalists are providing answers, but are their answers correct?

Cynthia Price

1994-01-01

469

Economies of Scale in the Food Stamp Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Food Stamp Act of 1977 requires that Food Stamp benefits be adjusted for household size and that the adjustment 'take into account economies of scale.' The report reviews both the concepts and the substantial body of research on establishing economy o...

L. Nelson H. Beebout F. Skidmore

1985-01-01

470

Game Time: The Educator's Playbook for the New Global Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book serves as a "playbook" to help business leaders and educators understand, build, and adapt to the changes converging upon them from an emerging information-rich global economy. The book uses football as a metaphor to understand the obstacles to becoming successful in today's changing economy. This football metaphoric theme is used in…

Lessinger, Leon; Salowe, Allen

471

Impact of Global Economic Crisis on the Indian Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sub-prime crisis that started in 2007 and limited to the US economy has created systemic problem throughout the global financial system following the collapse of a big investment bank. The real economic impact of this financial turmoil is expected to be very large. It has been officially stated that developed economies such as the US and the European Union

N. R. Bhanumurthy

2009-01-01

472

Rates of Return to Educational Qualifications in the Transitional Economies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides cross-country estimates on private rates of return to higher-education qualifications across various transitional economies spanning Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and the former Soviet Union. Rates tend to rise in most transitional economies over the period considered. Rate variabilities help explain variabilities in wage…

Newell, Andrew; Reilly, Barry

1999-01-01

473

Implications of the global economic crisis for the Bangladesh economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no denying the fact that the recent global economic crisis has profound implications for the developing countries like Bangladesh. This paper has explored the impacts of global economic crisis on the economy of Bangladesh in a general equilibrium framework. The CGE model for Bangladesh economy is developed with a Social Accounting Matrix for the year 2007 as the

Selim Raihan

2012-01-01

474

The Future of the Hydrogen Economy: Bright or Bleak?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, many have considered the production and use of hydrogen, assuming that it is just another gaseous fuel and can be handled much like natural gas in today's energy economy. With this study we present an analysis of the energy required to operate an elemental hydrogen economy, with particular reference to road transport. High-grade electricity from renewable or

Ulf Bossel; Baldur Eliasson; Gordon Taylor

2003-01-01

475

The Failed Political Economy of the Euro Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The euro crisis has been extensively discussed in terms of economics, finance, political intrigues, and European institutions, but a key aspect—the political economy of the crisis—has received little attention. Politicians and social scientists from emerging economies, especially Eastern Europe, look with amazement at this oversight.

Anders Aslund

2011-01-01

476

An Ascending Price Auction for Producer-Consumer Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a simultaneous ascending auction mechanism for a producer-consumer economy. A producer-consumer economy comprises of producers, consumers and several types of items. Each producer can produce at most one unit of an item and each consumer wants to con- sume at most one unit of an item. Each producer's cost of producing each type of item and the valuations

Debasis Mishra; Rahul Garg

477

Conceptualizing economies and their geographies: spaces, flows and circuits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade or so has been one of ongoing, at times heated, debate in economic geography as to how best to conceptualize and theorize economies and their geographies. Reflecting on these debates, I identify six axioms that are central to conceptualizing economic geographies. I then go on to consider issues of culture and the economy and the relationships between

Ray Hudson

2004-01-01

478

The changing role of paraprofessionals in the knowledge economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advances in Internet, information and communication technologies have become the catalyst for the creation of the knowledge economy. The knowledge economy has brought about a whole range of opportunities and excitement and the changing roles of information professionals has been a result of these inevitable forces. In this study, we examine the changing roles of paraprofessionals in the knowledge

Koh Lay Tin; Suliman Al-Hawamdeh

2002-01-01

479

Organizational changes in emerging economies: drivers and consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational change in emerging economies, although difficult, is inevitable. The authors study the drivers and consequences of organizational changes in an emerging economy, China. The results of a firm-level survey show that organizational changes in technical vs administrative areas are differentially driven by firms' motivation to change (past performance), opportunity to change (firm location and market orientation), and capability to

Kevin Zheng Zhou; David K Tse; Julie Juan Li

2006-01-01

480

Assessing the Problem of Human Capital Mismatch in Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In transition economies, there may be a significant mismatch between the types of skills that workers possess and the types of skills that the new economy demands. We consider this problem of human capital mismatch along the dimensions of training type (holding the level) and occupation. We document that in the Czech Republic and Poland the wage rate grew faster

Viliam Druska; Byeong ju Jeong; Michal Kejak; Viatcheslav Vinogradov

2002-01-01

481

Luxury and Public Happiness: Political Economy in the Italian Enlightenment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work charts the development of political economy in eighteenth-century Italy, and it argues that the focus on economic thought is characteristic of the Italian enlightenment at large. Through an analysis of the debate about luxury, it traces the shaping of a new language of political economy which was inspired by, and contributed to, European debate, but which offered solutions

Till Wahnbaeck

482

SCALE ECONOMIES AND POLICE DEPARTMENT CONSOLIDATION: EVIDENCE FROM LOS ANGELES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests for scale economies for police departments operating in Los Angeles County. Intergovernmental sharing in providing police services prevails within the county, suggesting that scale economies exist in producing this public good. Empirical analysis here rejects the hypothesis that police output is produced under increasing returns, which would be an efficiency explanation for the large degree of consolidation

MILES FINNEY

1997-01-01

483

Hydrogen: Its Future Role in the Nation's Energy Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advocates the development of a hydrogen fuel economy as an alternative to the predominately electric economy based upon nuclear plants and depleting fossil fuel supplies. Evaluates the economic and environmental benefits of hydrogen energy delivery systems in the residential and transportation sectors. (JR)|

Winsche, W. E.; And Others

1973-01-01

484

Science, technology and the economy: An Indian perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the first three decades after 1947, the Indian economy grew only 3% per year but there was vast expansion in the science and technology (S&T) infrastructure. Decades later, especially during the last few years, the economy has grown much faster, but the S&T systems have not experienced the transformation that business and industry have. The net result is that

Roddam Narasimha

2008-01-01

485

Kaleckian Investment and Employment Cycles in Postwar Industrialized Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of the welfare state in the post-war industrialized economies has recently be- come a major topic. Using a Kaleckian framework we consider an economy where investment depends positively on the rate of return on capital and negatively on the rate of employment. This allows for a possible integration of Kalecki's (1943) analysis of the political aspects of full

Peter Flaschel; Reiner Franke; Willi Semmler

486

Introduction: Notes on political economies of displacement in southern Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special issue considers how contemporary forms of displacement in southern Africa may be approached and analysed in terms of multiple ‘political economies of displacement’. Drawing insight from classic concepts of political economy, but without adhering to the more rigid aspects of these frameworks, the five studies that comprise this collection explore how certain values related to identity, violence, movement

Amanda Hammar; Graeme Rodgers

2008-01-01

487

Managing an Economy Under EMU: The Case of Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper first considers the dilemma facing the ECB itself in managing the eurozone economy. It then turns to the issues facing individual governments in managing their own regional economies within the euro zone - in particular the issues facing the Irish government. We first consider the extent to which individual governments should be concerned about deviations in domestic inflation

John FitzGerald; David Duffy; Diarmaid Smyth

2000-01-01

488

Research on Resource Utilization and Environmental Impact for Chinese Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the course of booming economic growth based on mass production and consumption, China has been discharging an enormous amount of wastes giving rise to a wide range of environmental impacts. The method of economy-wide material flow analysis (EW-MFA) is one of the effective tools to examine and assess the metabolic performance of physical economies, but relevant researches in China

Duan Ning; Liu Kailing

2009-01-01

489

The political economy of CSR in Western Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The increasing engagement in corporate social responsibility (CSR) potentially indicates an attempt to “re-embed” the economy in a wider societal context, following a period of neoliberal market exposure, deregulation, and separation of commercial and societal concerns. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between this new social embedding of the economy and older traditions of

Atle Midttun; Kristian Gautesen; Maria Gjølberg

2006-01-01

490

Understanding China's Transition to A Modern Contractual Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applying economics of institutions, this paper proposes an analytic framework for understanding China's transition from a dynastic-central planning system to a modern free market economy. The paper first examines how the contractual nature of modern free market economies is maintained through an array of institutions including free trade, private property, private enterprises, independent judiciary with judge-made law, and democratically elected

Geng Xiao

491

HRM strategies and MNCs from emerging economies in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – HRM practices in foreign subsidiaries have been the subject of much attention in recent years. However, research on HRM practices by subsidiaries of multinationals (MNCs) has so far focused largely on subsidiaries of western multinationals in western and or emerging economies. The authors have little knowledge concerning HRM practices of subsidiaries of multinationals from emerging economies in developed

Yi Ying Chang; Adrian J. Wilkinson; Kamel Mellahi

2007-01-01

492

The political economy of global firms from India and China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to build a bridge between contemporary studies of global firms from emerging economies and existing theories in comparative political economy. It argues that given the primacy of the state as an economic actor in developing countries, the variety of capitalism literature could provide a theoretical foundation for firm-level analyses of emerging market multinationals. For example, the authors

Lawrence Sáez; Crystal Chang

2009-01-01

493

ENHANCING NIGERIAN COMPETITIVENESS IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY THROUGH STRATEGIC ALLIANCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study seeks to develop an understanding of the need for emerging economies like Nigeria to make use of strategic alliances. Nigeria is an emerging market in the developing economy in West Africa. The four fundamental forces developed by the World Competitive Yearbook are used as frame of reference to assess how to manage the economic future of a nation.

Adetayo Adelakun

494

Higher Skills and the Knowledge Economy: The Challenge of Offshoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent economics literature on offshoring highlights the trend towards the relocation of high-skill jobs to emerging economies. This evolution presents a challenge to the established knowledge economy discourse on which the relationship between higher education, higher skills, higher productivity and higher incomes has been based. This paper…

Craig, John; Gunn, Andrew

2010-01-01

495

Barter In Transition Economies: Competing Explanations Confront Ukrainian Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we survey the common explanations of barter in transition economies and expose them to detailed survey data on 165 barter deals in Ukraine in 1997. The evidence does not support the notion that soft budget constraints, lack of restructuring, or that the virtual economy are the driving forces behind barter. Further, tax avoidance is only weakly associated

Bogdan Gorochowskij; Daniel Kaufmann

2000-01-01

496

Status Preference, Wealth, and Dynamics in the Open Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implications of status preference in a simple open economy model will be investigated in this paper. The open economy is modeled as a continuum of identical representative agents who have preferences over consumption and status. In the paper status is identified as relative wealth, which takes the form of relative holdings international financial assets. A symmetric macroeconomic equilibrium is

Walter H. Fisher

2001-01-01

497

Status Preference, Wealth and Dynamics in the Open Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implications of status preference in a simple open economy model are investigated in this paper. The open economy is modeled as a continuum of identical representative agents who have preferences over consumption and status. In the paper status is identified as relative wealth, which takes the form of relative holdings international financial assets. A symmetric macroeconomic equilibrium is derived

Walter H. Fisher

2004-01-01

498

Some Evidence on the Nature of Urbanization Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urbanization economies ? the effects on productivity and utility created endogenously by larger cities ? are a fundamental component of both the economic geography of modern societies and the perpetuation of innovation and economic growth at a national level. Cities account for vast majorities of population ? and even larger proportions of production and innovation ? in all advanced economies.

Douglas J. Krupka

2009-01-01

499

Artisan occupations in the global economy: A conceptual framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Craft production occurs in all sectors of the global economy. This paper provides a context for the study of the occupations of producing and selling crafts. Embedded in the world's political economy, crafts are a vehicle for individuals and societies to adapt to changing systems of production, a means for economic and cultural expression, and a voice of resistance against

Virginia Allen Dickie; Gelya Frank

1996-01-01

500

Education, Globalisation and the Future of the Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dominant view today is of a global knowledge-based economy, driven by the application of new technologies, accelerating the shift to high-skilled, high-waged European economies. This view is reflected in the expansion of higher education and the key role of higher education in national and European economic policy. The Lisbon agenda seeks to…

Brown, Phillip; Lauder, Hugh; Ashton, David

2008-01-01