Sample records for economy withoutsacrificing safety

  1. Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety

    SciTech Connect

    Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

    2007-06-11

    The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for increasing both fuel economy and safety without compromising functionality.

  2. Safety in the globalising knowledge economy: an analysis by paradoxes.

    PubMed

    Ravetz, J R

    2001-09-14

    There is a widespread recognition of a 'crisis' in official scientific expertise, related to the increase of 'uncertainty' and the loss of 'trust', and whose cure is believed to lie in 'participation'. I argue that the crisis results from structural features of the globalising knowledge economy, and the contradictory roles of governments, acting both as promoters of global business enterprise and also as regulators on behalf of a sophisticated and suspicious public. I explain the crisis by substituting 'safety' for 'risk' as the operative concept, and also using 'paradox' as an explanatory tool. I produce a closed-cycle paradox, analogous to the classic Catch-22, to exhibit the contradictions in the situation. I discuss ways of resolving these, which include the recognition of policy-critical ignorance and the adoption of the perspective of post-normal science. PMID:11532355

  3. Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion

    E-print Network

    Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief T he U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT's) IntelliDrive Program promises significant advances in safety, mobility

  4. Long range program plan for safety and fuel economy

    SciTech Connect

    Feirice, B.

    1983-11-01

    An analysis was made to determine which potential highway and motor vehicle safety activies were most deserving of further pursuit so as to obtain the greatest improvement in safety at the least cost. Criteria were established to guide in the rating and ranking of potential safety projects. The most significant national safety problems were identified and a description and schedule of the chosen safety projects to address those problems were prepared.

  5. Increasing the Fuel Economy and Safety of New Light-DutyVehicles

    SciTech Connect

    Wenzel, Tom; Ross, Marc

    2006-09-18

    One impediment to increasing the fuel economy standards forlight-duty vehicles is the long-standing argument that reducing vehiclemass to improve fuel economy will inherently make vehicles less safe.This technical paper summarizes and examines the research that is citedin support of this argument, and presents more recent research thatchallenges it. We conclude that the research claiming that lightervehicles are inherently less safe than heavier vehicles is flawed, andthat other aspects of vehicle design are more important to the on-roadsafety record of vehicles. This paper was prepared for a workshop onexperts in vehicle safety and fuel economy, organized by the William andFlora Hewlett Foundation, to discuss technologies and designs that can betaken to simultaneously improve vehicle safety and fuel economy; theworkshop was held in Washington DC on October 3, 2006.

  6. A rationale for fusion economies based on inherent safety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Logan, B. Grant

    1985-08-01

    A comparison of the direct capital costs of recent light-water-reactor fission plants and recent magnetic fusion designs indicates that cost reductions by innovation in both the fusion reactor and the fusion balance of the plant (nonreactor part) will be required for fusion direct costs to become competitive. Both future fusion and future fission designs would benefit from modularity, standardization, and inherent safety (passive afterheat removal without damage in loss-of-coolant and loss-of-flow accidents) to improve their utility and public acceptance and to reduce nonreactor balance-of-plant costs, indirect costs, and time-related costs. If this can be achieved, inherently safe fusion and fission designs should have comparable reactor enclosure power densities, of the order of 1 MWth/m3. With a reduction by a factor of about 2 in the fusion magnet and heating-system cost per watt, such fusion and fission designs should also have comparable direct and total capital costs per watt, provided the fusion plants can be modularly built in somewhat larger units (300 to 600 MWe) than some of the modular fission units (100 MWe). With the eventual fusion capital cost per watt thus attaining parity with fission some decades later than the development and deployment of second-generation fission plants, the economic incentive for switching growth to new fusion electric plants would derive from lower fuel-cycle costs (fuel startup, operating, processing, and waste-disposal costs). At the same time, there would also be strong economic incentives to build hybrid fusion plants to supply fissile fuel for the established fission plants,

  7. Model predictive control for adaptive cruise control with multi-objectives: comfort, fuel-economy, safety and car-following

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li-hua Luo; Hong Liu; Ping Li; Hui Wang

    2010-01-01

    For automated vehicles, comfortable driving will improve passengers’ satisfaction. Reducing fuel consumption brings economic\\u000a profits for car owners, decreases the impact on the environment and increases energy sustainability. In addition to comfort\\u000a and fuel-economy, automated vehicles also have the basic requirements of safety and car-following. For this purpose, an adaptive\\u000a cruise control (ACC) algorithm with multi-objectives is proposed based on

  8. Enhancing VHTR Passive Safety and Economy with Thermal Radiation Based Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling System

    SciTech Connect

    Haihua Zhao; Hongbin Zhang; Ling Zou; Xiaodong Sun

    2012-06-01

    One of the most important requirements for Gen. IV Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) is passive safety. Currently all the gas cooled version of VHTR designs use Reactor Vessel Auxiliary Cooling System (RVACS) for passive decay heat removal. The decay heat first is transferred to the core barrel by conduction and radiation, and then to the reactor vessel by thermal radiation and convection; finally the decay heat is transferred to natural circulated air or water systems. RVACS can be characterized as a surface based decay heat removal system. The RVACS is especially suitable for smaller power reactors since small systems have relatively larger surface area to volume ratio. However, RVACS limits the maximum achievable power level for modular VHTRs due to the mismatch between the reactor power (proportional to volume) and decay heat removal capability (proportional to surface area). When the relative decay heat removal capability decreases, the peak fuel temperature increases, even close to the design limit. Annular core designs with inner graphite reflector can mitigate this effect; therefore can further increase the reactor power. Another way to increase the reactor power is to increase power density. However, the reactor power is also limited by the decay heat removal capability. Besides the safety considerations, VHTRs also need to be economical in order to compete with other reactor concepts and other types of energy sources. The limit of decay heat removal capability set by using RVACS has affected the economy of VHTRs. A potential alternative solution is to use a volume-based passive decay heat removal system, called Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling Systems (DRACS), to remove or mitigate the limitation on decay heat removal capability. DRACS composes of natural circulation loops with two sets of heat exchangers, one on the reactor side and another on the environment side. For the reactor side, cooling pipes will be inserted into holes made in the outer or inner graphite reflector blocks. There will be gaps between these cooling pipes and their corresponding surrounding graphite surfaces. Graphite has an excellent heat conduction property. By taking advantage of this feature, we can have a volume-based method to remove decay heat. The scalability can be achieved, if needed, by employing more rows of cooling pipes to accommodate higher decay heat rates. Since heat can easily conduct through the graphite regions between the holes made for the cooling pipes, those cooling pipes located further away from the active core region can still be very effective in removing decay heat. By removing the limit on the decay heat removal capability due to the limited available surface area as in a RVACS, the reactor power and power density can be significantly increased, without losing the passive heat removal feature. This paper will introduce the concept of using DRACS to enhance VHTR passive safety and economics. Three design options will be discussed, depending on the cooling pipe locations. Analysis results from a lumped volume based model and CFD simulations will be presented.

  9. Occupational Safety, Health, and Well-being Among Home-based Workers in the Informal Economy of Thailand.

    PubMed

    Nankongnab, Noppanun; Silpasuwan, Pimpan; Markkanen, Pia; Kongtip, Pornpimol; Woskie, Susan

    2015-08-01

    The objective of this article is to provide a summary of the issues related to occupational safety and health and well-being among workers in the informal economy of Thailand, with a special emphasis on home-based workers. The reviewed literature includes documents and information sources developed by the International Labour Organization, the National Statistical Office of Thailand, peer-reviewed scientific publications, and master's theses conducted in Thailand. This work is part of a needs and opportunities analysis carried out by the Center for Work, Environment, Nutrition and Development-a partnership between Mahidol University and University of Massachusetts Lowell to identify the gaps in knowledge and research to support government policy development in the area of occupational and environmental health for workers in the informal economy. PMID:26059416

  10. Don't break a leg: running birds from quail to ostrich prioritise leg safety and economy on uneven terrain

    PubMed Central

    Birn-Jeffery, Aleksandra V.; Hubicki, Christian M.; Blum, Yvonne; Renjewski, Daniel; Hurst, Jonathan W.; Daley, Monica A.

    2014-01-01

    Cursorial ground birds are paragons of bipedal running that span a 500-fold mass range from quail to ostrich. Here we investigate the task-level control priorities of cursorial birds by analysing how they negotiate single-step obstacles that create a conflict between body stability (attenuating deviations in body motion) and consistent leg force–length dynamics (for economy and leg safety). We also test the hypothesis that control priorities shift between body stability and leg safety with increasing body size, reflecting use of active control to overcome size-related challenges. Weight-support demands lead to a shift towards straighter legs and stiffer steady gait with increasing body size, but it remains unknown whether non-steady locomotor priorities diverge with size. We found that all measured species used a consistent obstacle negotiation strategy, involving unsteady body dynamics to minimise fluctuations in leg posture and loading across multiple steps, not directly prioritising body stability. Peak leg forces remained remarkably consistent across obstacle terrain, within 0.35 body weights of level running for obstacle heights from 0.1 to 0.5 times leg length. All species used similar stance leg actuation patterns, involving asymmetric force–length trajectories and posture-dependent actuation to add or remove energy depending on landing conditions. We present a simple stance leg model that explains key features of avian bipedal locomotion, and suggests economy as a key priority on both level and uneven terrain. We suggest that running ground birds target the closely coupled priorities of economy and leg safety as the direct imperatives of control, with adequate stability achieved through appropriately tuned intrinsic dynamics. PMID:25355848

  11. Don't break a leg: running birds from quail to ostrich prioritise leg safety and economy on uneven terrain.

    PubMed

    Birn-Jeffery, Aleksandra V; Hubicki, Christian M; Blum, Yvonne; Renjewski, Daniel; Hurst, Jonathan W; Daley, Monica A

    2014-11-01

    Cursorial ground birds are paragons of bipedal running that span a 500-fold mass range from quail to ostrich. Here we investigate the task-level control priorities of cursorial birds by analysing how they negotiate single-step obstacles that create a conflict between body stability (attenuating deviations in body motion) and consistent leg force-length dynamics (for economy and leg safety). We also test the hypothesis that control priorities shift between body stability and leg safety with increasing body size, reflecting use of active control to overcome size-related challenges. Weight-support demands lead to a shift towards straighter legs and stiffer steady gait with increasing body size, but it remains unknown whether non-steady locomotor priorities diverge with size. We found that all measured species used a consistent obstacle negotiation strategy, involving unsteady body dynamics to minimise fluctuations in leg posture and loading across multiple steps, not directly prioritising body stability. Peak leg forces remained remarkably consistent across obstacle terrain, within 0.35 body weights of level running for obstacle heights from 0.1 to 0.5 times leg length. All species used similar stance leg actuation patterns, involving asymmetric force-length trajectories and posture-dependent actuation to add or remove energy depending on landing conditions. We present a simple stance leg model that explains key features of avian bipedal locomotion, and suggests economy as a key priority on both level and uneven terrain. We suggest that running ground birds target the closely coupled priorities of economy and leg safety as the direct imperatives of control, with adequate stability achieved through appropriately tuned intrinsic dynamics. PMID:25355848

  12. The long-term effects of a token economy on safety performance in open-pit mining.

    PubMed Central

    Fox, D K; Hopkins, B L; Anger, W K

    1987-01-01

    A token economy that used trading stamps as tokens was instituted at two dangerous open-pit mines. Employees earned stamps for working without lost-time injuries, for being in work groups in which all other workers had no lost-time injuries, for not being involved in equipment-damaging accidents, for making adopted safety suggestions, and for unusual behavior which prevented an injury or accident. They lost stamp awards if they or other workers in their group were injured, caused equipment damage, or failed to report accidents or injuries. The stamps could be exchanged for a selection of thousands of items at redemption stores. Implementation of the token economy was followed by large reductions in the number of days lost from work because of injuries, the number of lost-time injuries, and the costs of accidents and injuries. The reductions in costs far exceeded the costs of operating the token economy. All improvements were maintained over several years. PMID:3667473

  13. Estimating macroeconomic effects of proposed safety and environmental regulations using the new DRI annual model of the US economy

    SciTech Connect

    Teotia, A.P.; Santini, D.J.; Caton, C.

    1983-01-01

    The long-run macroeconomic effects of proposed environmental and safety regulations are analyzed by use of DRI's (Data Resources, Inc.) new annual model of the US economy. This annual model has fewer variables than the DRI quarterly US economy model. Many short-run cyclical factors have been condensed while long-run supply factors have been enhanced. The model was used to estimate the macroeconomic effects of proposed simultaneous application of (1) new safety regulations regarding air bags or automatic seat belts on cars in 1984 and thereafter, and (2) tight acid-rain environmental regulations for coal-using electric utilities and industry. The effects of the regulations while favorable in the short run, were found to be quite adverse over the long run. Regulatory effects were further analyzed under the assumption that the initial application of regulations was accompanied by a shock in world oil prices (similar to situations in the 1970s when regulatory costs rose simultaneously with the two major energy price shocks). However, a synergistic effect between the shock and new regulation cost was not found.

  14. Revaluing donor and recipient bodies in the globalised blood economy: transitions in public policy on blood safety in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Busby, Helen; Kent, Julie; Farrell, Anne-Maree

    2014-01-01

    The clinical use of blood has a long history, but its apparent stability belies the complexity of contemporary practices in this field. In this article, we explore how the production, supply and deployment of blood products are socially mediated, drawing on theoretical perspectives from recent work on 'tissue economies'. We highlight the ways in which safety threats in the form of infections that might be transmitted through blood and plasma impact on this tissue economy and how these have led to a revaluation of donor bodies and restructuring of blood economies. Specifically, we consider these themes in relation to the management of recent threats to blood safety in the United Kingdom. We show that the tension between securing the supply of blood and its products and ensuring its safety may give rise to ethical concerns and reshape relations between donor and recipient bodies. PMID:23467898

  15. Revaluing donor and recipient bodies in the globalised blood economy: Transitions in public policy on blood safety in the United Kingdom

    PubMed Central

    Kent, Julie; Farrell, Anne-Maree

    2014-01-01

    The clinical use of blood has a long history, but its apparent stability belies the complexity of contemporary practices in this field. In this article, we explore how the production, supply and deployment of blood products are socially mediated, drawing on theoretical perspectives from recent work on ‘tissue economies’. We highlight the ways in which safety threats in the form of infections that might be transmitted through blood and plasma impact on this tissue economy and how these have led to a revaluation of donor bodies and restructuring of blood economies. Specifically, we consider these themes in relation to the management of recent threats to blood safety in the United Kingdom. We show that the tension between securing the supply of blood and its products and ensuring its safety may give rise to ethical concerns and reshape relations between donor and recipient bodies. PMID:23467898

  16. Political economy of coal-mine safety and its contribution to the theory of the welfare state

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, D.P.

    1987-01-01

    Conservative, liberal, and marxist explanations of the origins and function of social welfare benefits are identified. The conservatives see defined right benefits as error in the system, resulting from excesses of political democracy and functioning to interfere with the market, and functioning to reduce the viability of the economy. Individual action alone produces real benefit. Liberals disconnect social welfare and the economy, offering an explanation in formal electoral processes and asserting fulfillment of the humanitarian impulse as the function of welfare. Technical innovation leads to progress. This study tests these theories in a case study of the benefit of decreased death and injury derived by U.S. coal miners from 1970 to 1977. The benefit is compared in magnitude to that of miners other than coal. Results show that a considerable benefit in reduced death and injury was derived and that this benefit can best explained through a complex neo-marxist analysis of the economic and social conditions affecting coal miners then. Wildcat strikes, defying union, company and, government combined with permissive economic conditions such as, rising demand for coal, labor intensity requirements, and increased production and profitability, to make safety salient.

  17. 49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. (a) Vehicle...

  18. 49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. (a) Vehicle...

  19. 49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. (a) Vehicle...

  20. 49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. (a) Vehicle...

  1. 49 CFR 537.9 - Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY REPORTS § 537.9 Determination of fuel economy values and average fuel economy. (a) Vehicle...

  2. Children and the Transition to the Market Economy: Safety Nets and Social Policies in Central and Eastern Europe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornia, Giovanni Andrea, Ed.; Sipos, Sandor, Ed.

    Organized in two parts, this book explores methods for incorporating concern for human needs into economic policies in eastern and central European countries that are making the transition to a market economy. Part I of the book considers economic reform, social policy, and child welfare in central and eastern Europe as a whole. Topics include:…

  3. NON-RULED MARKET ECONOMY AS A SOURCE OF CHEMICAL TERRORISM. AUTOMOTIVE FUEL: QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Zadorsky

    The problems of the market economy influencing the state of environment in Ukraine are illustrated by the example of the Pri-dneprovie\\u000a region. New examples resul, when ecologically dangerous enterprises and technologies are created in flagrant contradiction\\u000a with the conception of sustainable development in order to please the requirements of the market in the region. Ecologically\\u000a dangerous projects are realized, which

  4. From Fishery to Fork: Food Safety and Sustainability in the ‘Virtual’ Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefano Ponte

    2009-01-01

    In scientific and policy circles, the ‘Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy’ (KBBE) is seen as the way forward to increase productivity and competitiveness and to improve quality of life in the EU. The critical literature, however, sees KBBE as a self-fulfilling prophecy, a dominant master narrative that marginalizes other interpretations and policy options. In other words, the literature argues that KBBE is performative—it

  5. Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education in Science, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Discusses safety issues in science, including: allergic reactions to peanuts used in experiments; explosions in lead/acid batteries; and inspection of pressure vessels, such as pressure cookers or model steam engines. (MKR)

  6. Attention Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Josef Falkinger

    2003-01-01

    Attracting attention is a basic feature of economic life but no standard economic problem. A new theoretical model is developed which describes the general structure of competition for attention and characterizes equilibria. The exogenous fundamentals of an attention economy are the space of receiving subjects with their attention capacity, and the potential set of competing companies (senders) with their radiation

  7. Attention economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Josef Falkinger

    2007-01-01

    A new theoretical model is developed which describes the structure of competition for attention and characterizes equilibria. The exogenous fundamentals of an attention economy are the space of receiving subjects with their attention capacity, and the potential set of competing firms (senders) with their radiation technology. The endogenous variables explained by the theory are equilibrium audiences (the clients belonging to

  8. Overall Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The economy's need for workers originates in the demand for the goods and services that they provide. So, to project employment, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) starts by projecting the gross domestic product (GDP) for 2018. GDP is the value of the final goods produced and services provided in the United States. Then, BLS estimates the…

  9. Overall Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The economy's need for workers originates in the demand for the goods and services that these workers provide. So, to project employment, BLS starts by estimating the components of gross domestic product (GDP) for 2020. GDP is the value of the final goods produced and services provided in the United States. Then, BLS estimates the size--in…

  10. Hydrogen Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This 48 minute radio broadcast discusses how a switch between using fossil fuels - oil, coal, natural gas - with cleaner burning hydrogen might occur, thereby lowering production of the greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) and stopping global warming. The show also considers a report published in the journal, Science, that says no new technology is needed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is discussion about what national policies could make a hydrogen economy a reality; which renewable energy technologies should be developed and invested in; how hydrogen will be generated and stored; and how best to build the infrastructure needed for a sustainable energy future.

  11. Nuclides Economy

    SciTech Connect

    Ivanov, Evgeny; Subbotin, Stanislav [RRC 'Kurchatov institute', Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation)

    2007-07-01

    Traditionally the subject of discussion about the nuclear technology development is focused on the conditions that facilitate the nuclear power deployment. The main objective of this work is seeking of methodological basis for analysis of the coupling consequences of nuclear development. Nuclide economy is the term, which defines a new kind of society relations, dependent on nuclear technology development. It is rather closed to the setting of problems then to the solving of them. Last year Dr. Jonathan Tennenbaum published in Executive Intelligence Review Vol. 33 no 40 the article entitled as 'The Isotope Economy' where main interconnections for nuclear energy technologies and their infrastructure had been explained on the popular level. There he has given several answers and, therefore, just here we will try to expand this concept. We were interested by this publication because of similarity of our vision of resource base of technologies development. The main paradigm of 'Isotope economy' was expresses by Lyndon H. LaRouche: 'Instead of viewing the relevant resources of the planet as if they were a fixed totality, we must now assume responsibility of man's creating the new resources which will be more than adequate to sustain a growing world population at a constantly improved standard of physical per-capita output, and personal consumption'. We also consider the needed resources as a dynamic category. Nuclide economy and nuclide logistics both are needed for identifying of the future development of nuclear power as far we follow the holistic analysis approach 'from cave to grave'. Thus here we try to reasoning of decision making procedures and factors required for it in frame of innovative proposals development and deployment. The nuclear power development is needed in humanitarian scientific support with maximally deep consideration of all inter-disciplinary aspects of the nuclear power and nuclear technologies implementation. The main objectives for such consideration should be prognosis of all political, social, environmental and infra-structural consequences. Understanding of this necessity turned us to use the formalism of so called techno-dynamics and represent of resources needed for nuclear technology development as dynamic categories. The basic ideas of the methodology of innovative project assessment have been applied for holistic analysis of the development of the nuclear systems. This methodology has been developed for innovative proposals analysis in frame of IAEA INPRO project and it was a consensus product of the wide international expert's society discussions. All aspects of application of radioactivity in the industry and medicine had not been presented because the main ideas are quite evident but scale factor of their using has too big uncertainties. But cyclic character of organizing fuel management for the future development of nuclear technologies was added by cycles of structure materials as well. It has obtained that asymptotically the nuclear technology generates their specific compositions of structure materials. Thus wide scale using of the nuclear power will make new kind of metals that will be materials of nuclear quality. Development of new technologies and their penetration on the market will be accompanied by the several kinds of critical events. Crisis of resource's supplying is only most well known of them. But it is not both the single and not the most important. The model of corporation development made on Marshall's theory unambiguously demonstrates that transition from one technology to another can be made only in conditions of falling of the market. This result does not allow us to predict of time of the optimal transition from one technology basis onto the nets generation but it gives an indicator of readiness for changing of the mainstream. For the analysis of new innovative initiative it has been used the scale factor. Thus it shows that required installed capacity of G.N.E.P. systems will not be less then two hundred GW. Therefore the burner segment of the projected syste ms s

  12. Antimatter Economy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, Norm

    2004-05-01

    The Antimatter Economy will bring every country into the 21st century without destroying our environment and turn the Star Trek dream into reality by using antimatter from comets. At the April 2002 joint meeting of the American Physical Society and American Astronomical Society, I announced that comets were composed of antimatter, there were 109 antimatter elements, and the Periodic Table of Elements had been updated to include the antimatter elements. When matter and antimatter come together, energy is produce according to Einstein's equation of mass times the speed of light squared or E = mc2. Antimatter energy creates incredible opportunities for humanity. People in spacecraft will travel to the moon in hours, planets in days, and stars in weeks. Antimatter power will replace fossil plants and produce hydrogen from off-peak electrical power. Hydrogen will supplant gas in cars, trucks, and other vehicles. The billions of ton of coal, billions of barrels of oil, and trillions of cubic feet of natural gas will be used to make trillions of dollars of products to bring countries into the 21st century. Within this millennium, the Worlds Gross National Product will increase from 30 trillion to 3,000 trillion plus 1,500 trillion from space commercialization bringing the Total Gross National Product to 4,500 trillion. Millions of businesses and billions of jobs will be created. However, the real benefits will come from taking billions of people out of poverty and empowering them to pursue their dreams of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness. Please visit www.AntimatterEnergy.com.

  13. The Learning Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bengt-äke Lundvall; Björn Johnson

    1994-01-01

    Modern economies can be characterised as ‘learning economies’ in which knowledge is the crucial resource and learning is the most important process. Different kinds of learning and economically relevant types of knowledge can likewise be identified. It is argued that pure market economies, if such existed, would have severe problems in terms of learning and innovation. The ‘learning economy’ is

  14. Automotive fuel economy program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    An energy outlook is presented that focuses on petroleum demand and supply, and the effects of fuel economy standards on petroleum savings. Passenger car and light truck fuel economy activities are summarized including sales patterns and trends. Other fuel economy related activities are discussed and include compliance activities, the gas guzzler tax, legislative recommendations, and voluntary fuel economy programs.

  15. E-conomy Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A joint effort of the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE), the College of Engineering, the Haas School of Business, and the School of Information Management and Systems (SIMS), E-conomy Project creates "an intellectual resource to focus on the profound transformation being wrought by new digital technologies." Along with describing the focuses of the project, this Website also includes course descriptions and syllabi, news articles on the E-conomy Project, and papers and presentations from the E-conomy Project-sponsored conference, The Digital Economy in International Perspective: Common Construction or Regional Rivalry.

  16. RESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY

    E-print Network

    RESEARCH SAFETY RADIATION SAFETY ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT LABORATORY SAFETY AUDITS & COMPLIANCE BIOSAFETY and ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT and MISSION CONTINUITY FIRE PREVENTION and LIFE SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY TRAINING

  17. Emerging Digital Economy II

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Buckley, Patricia.

    An update of the 1998 US Department of Commerce document Emerging Digital Economy (reviewed in the April 17, 1998 Scout Report), the second volume of this annual report shows that, although ecommerce remains less than one percent of the retail share of the economy, it continues to grow, "outpacing last year's most optimistic projections." New chapters and analyses include "Contribution of Information Technology to Gross Product Originating Per Worker" and "Labor Markets in the Digital Economy."

  18. Nuclear Energy in Asia: Safety Post-Fukushima

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takako Kimura

    2012-01-01

    Ensuring nuclear safety has been an ongoing and significant concern worldwide. Although the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident has undermined public confidence in its safety, many of Asia's emerging economies still have plans to introduce nuclear energy. This paper analyzes the possible development of nuclear energy in Asia's emerging economies and considers the implications for nuclear safety. The analysis

  19. Political Economy of Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincent Mosco

    1996-01-01

    In this paper five major trends in the political economy of communication are addressed: the globalization of the field, the expansion of an enduring emphasis on historical research, the growth of research from alternative standpoints, especially feminism and labour, the shift from an emphasis on old to new media, and the growth of activism connected to the political economy tradition.

  20. Informal and underground economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruno Frey; Friedrich Schneider

    2000-01-01

    There is a widespread feeling that a substantial and increasing share of activities take place outside the official economy. This holds, in particular, for developing and transition but also for high income economies. Such activities are unrecorded by the system of national income accounting, which has become the accepted standard in all countries of the world. The existence and increase

  1. Economies of scale

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mark Maier

    Working in groups of three, students analyze economies of scale. Each student constructs an individual short-run ATC curve, then the three students collaborate to determine if there are economies or diseconomies of scale and to create the long run ATC.

  2. Canadian Economy Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    It's a bird, it's a plane, no, it's Captain Economy! That's right, at this very comprehensive site devoted to Canada's economy, visitors can ask the little green guy with the cape and dollar sign on his chest for help. In fact, his first feat is to address just what an economy is anyway. The site offers all sorts of statistics about all of the great economic indicators like inflation rate, unemployment rate, exchange rate, etc. Visitors to the site can click on one of the subpages devoted to explaining economic topics such as Key Indicators, Economic Concepts, and Key Economic Events.

  3. Automotive fuel economy. How far should we go

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    The US Dept. of Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Federal Highway Administration requested the National Research Council to undertake a study of the potential and prospects for improving the fuel economy of new light-duty vehicles produced for the US market. The report presents the results of the study. The charge to the committee was to estimate practically achievable' fuel economy levels in various size classes of new passenger cars and light trucks using gasoline and diesel fuel.

  4. Pipe Insulation Economies 

    E-print Network

    Schilling, R. E.

    1986-01-01

    Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer program written in IBM basic to simplify the economic insulation thickness for an insulated pipe. Many articles have been written on this subject, from simple nomographs to a small book written in 1976...

  5. Entrepreneurship in transitional economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janusz K. Tanas; David B. Audretsch

    This paper explores the relationship among socio-political culture and the economic environment. It places the entrepreneur\\u000a at the forefront of the Transitional Economy and identifies the entrepreneur as a catalyst for change and progress. Within\\u000a wider world changes, this discussion and interrogation of entrepreneurial development in the Transitional Economy provides\\u000a new knowledge from the perspective of both the authors and

  6. Toy Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Safety Car and Road Child Passenger Safety Child Pedestrian Safety Frontovers and Backovers Getting Ready to Drive Safety ... We Work Research Programs Button Battery Safety Child Pedestrian Safety International Walk to School Day Halloween Safety Environmental ...

  7. The economies of synthesis†

    PubMed Central

    Newhouse, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    In this tutorial review the economies of synthesis are analysed from both detailed and macroscopic perspectives, using case-studies from complex molecule synthesis. Atom, step, and redox economy are more than philosophical constructs, but rather guidelines, which enable the synthetic chemist to design and execute an efficient synthesis. Students entering the field of synthesis might find this tutorial helpful for understanding the subtle differences between these economic principles and also see real-world situations where such principles are put into practice. PMID:19847337

  8. Florida's Ocean and Coastal Economies Report

    E-print Network

    Phase I Florida's Ocean and Coastal Economies Report Professor Judith Kildow, Principal .......................................................................................... 7 2.1 Ocean Economy 3 Ocean Economy

  9. Alaska's Economy: What's Ahead?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaska Review of Social and Economic Conditions, 1987

    1987-01-01

    This review describes Alaska's economic boom of the early 1980s, the current recession, and economic projections for the 1990s. Alaska's economy is largely influenced by oil prices, since petroleum revenues make up 80% of the state government's unrestricted general fund revenues. Expansive state spending was responsible for most of Alaska's…

  10. Economy of Command

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medeiros, David Peter

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation proposes a principle of "economy of command", arguing that it provides a simple and natural explanation for some well-known properties of human language syntax. The focus is on the abstract combinatorial system that constructs the hierarchical structure of linguistic expressions, with long-distance dependencies…

  11. The Hydrogen Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rifkin, Jeremy

    This article from Jeremy Rifkin looks into the "hydrogen economy"- that is, the potential for hydrogen to fuel our future. In addition to discussing the particulars of fuel cells and other technology, the article touches on important topics like reliance on foreign oil. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  12. Operant Conditioning - Token Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery, Jacqueline; McBurney, Raymond D.

    Described is an Operant Conditioning-Token Economy Program, teaching patients to be responsible for their own behavior, to make choices, and to be motivated to change. The program was instigated with mentally ill patients in a state hospital and was later used with institutionalized mentally handicapped groups. After two years, only four of the…

  13. Instructions for use Second Economy

    E-print Network

    Tachizawa, Kazuya

    Instructions for use #12;- 123 - No. 582011 1969­1988 * 1969­1988 Second Economy 1 Gregory Grossman 2 4 4 4 4 3 07-712 2 1 Horst Brezinski, "The Second Economies­33; Michael Alexeev, "Russian Underground Economy in Transition," in Owen Lippert and Michael Walker, eds

  14. The Political Economy of Inter-

    E-print Network

    Landweber, Laura

    The Political Economy of Inter- national Relations Robert Gilpin After the end of World War II by the creative use of power in the support of an institutional framework that created a world economy. Gilpin's exposition of the influence of politics on the interna- tional economy was a model of clarity, making

  15. Knowledge Economy and Research Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastalich, Wendy

    2010-01-01

    The "knowledge economy" has been received with considerable scepticism by scholars within the fields of political economy, social and political philosophy, and higher education. Key arguments within this literature are reviewed in this article to suggest that, despite policy claims, "knowledge economy" does not describe a "new" mode of economic…

  16. The Mimetic Turn of Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jussi Vähämäki

    Instead of speaking about a linguistic turn in the economy and production in the so called Post-Fordist society, information society or knowledge economy, we should frontally talk about the mimetic turn of economy and organizing in general. Mimesis is a Greek word for imitation. It is well known that Plato chased out art from the ideal republic because of its

  17. Popular Education in Solidarity Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Melo Neto, José Francisco; da Costa, Francisco Xavier Pereira

    2015-01-01

    This article seeks to show the relation between popular education and solidarity economy in experiences of solidarity economy enterprises in Brazil. It is based on diverse experiences which have occurred in various sectors of this economy, highlighting those experiences which took place in Joăo Pessoa with the creation of a Cooperative of Workers…

  18. 16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

  19. 16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

  20. 16 CFR 502.102 - “Economy size.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...AND LABELING ACT Retail Sale Price Representations § 502.102 “Economy size.” (a) The term economy size means any printed matter consisting of the words “economy size,” “economy pack,” “budget pack,” “bargain...

  1. Transforming America's Energy Economy Transforming America's

    E-print Network

    #12;Transforming America's Energy Economy Transforming America's Energy Economy This document #12;Transforming America's Energy Economy A. Introduction: A Call for Action B. Envisioning the Future.5 Energy Efficiency C. Charting the Path Forward 1 #12;Transforming America's Energy Economy

  2. Oscillations in Rational Economies

    PubMed Central

    Mishchenko, Yuriy

    2014-01-01

    Economic (business) cycles are some of the most noted features of market economies, also ranked among the most serious of economic problems. Despite long historical persistence, the nature and the origin of business cycles remain controversial. In this paper we investigate the problem of the nature of business cycles from the positions of the market systems viewed as complex systems of many interacting market agents. We show that the development of cyclic instabilities in these settings can be traced down to just two fundamental factors – the competition of market agents for market shares in the settings of an open market, and the depression of market caused by accumulation of durable overproduced commodities on the market. These findings present the problem of business cycles in a new light as a systemic property of efficient market systems emerging directly from the free market competition itself, and existing in market economies at a very fundamental level. PMID:24505319

  3. Political Economy of Peace

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ray L. Franklin

    The globalization of the world's economies has accelerated the breaking up of traditional habitats without providing new ones.\\u000a Even advanced industrial nations are experiencing de-industrialization without a clear sense of how to adapt to it. The uneven\\u000a levels of development among the world's nations and regions and the changing roles that define the interplay between the private\\u000a and public sector,

  4. Research on Green Packaging of Circular Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhang Guirong; Li Dehua; Wang Zhiping; Ma Chenglin

    2010-01-01

    The circular economy is the resource recycling economy, is the economy of harmonious development between economy and environment, also a kind of ecological economy. Circular economy demands that enterprises' logistics activities be green logistics packaging. The green packaging aims at improving the packing materials reuse, reducing resource consumption and lowering packaging waste pollution to the environment. Implementing green logistics packaging,

  5. The real new economy.

    PubMed

    Farrell, Diana

    2003-10-01

    During the soar-and-swoon days of the late 1990s, many people believed that information technology, and the Internet in particular, were "changing everything" in business. A fundamental change did happen in the 1990s, but it was less about technology than about competition. Under director Diana Farrell, the McKinsey Global Institute has conducted an extensive study of productivity and its connection to corporate IT spending and use during that period. The study revealed that information technology is important--but not central--to the fate of industries and individual companies. So if information technology was not the primary factor in the productivity surge, what was? The study points to competition and innovation. In those industries that saw increases in competitive intensity, managers were forced to innovate aggressively to protect their revenues and profits. Those innovations--in products, business practices, and technology--led to the gains in productivity. In fact, a critical dynamic of the new economy--the real new economy--is the virtuous cycle of competition, innovation, and productivity growth. Managers can innovate in many ways, but during the 1990s, information technology was a particularly powerful tool, for three reasons: First, IT enabled the development of attractive new products and efficient new business processes. Second, it facilitated the rapid industrywide diffusion of innovations. And third, it exhibited strong scale economies--its benefits multiplied rapidly as its use expanded. This article reveals surprising data on how various industries in the United States and Europe were affected by competition, innovation, and information technology in the 1990s and offers insights about how managers can get more from their IT investments. PMID:14521102

  6. Relative Economy of Different Methods of Airplane Construction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herrmann, H

    1931-01-01

    A comparison of the relative economy of airplane construction shows that monoplanes are cheaper than biplanes; that all-metal construction is much more expensive than mixed construction; that multi-engine airplanes are more expensive than single-engine types of the same carrying capacity and speed;that the cost of airplanes is materially reduced by increasing their size without increasing the number of engines. The greatest economy usually coincides with the best aerodynamic and static conditions and the cost is always increased by safety requirements.

  7. Highway fuel economy study. Final report Sep 79-Mar 81

    SciTech Connect

    Mason, R.L.; Zub, R.W.

    1981-06-01

    In 1979, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) with support from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), convened a Task Force to develop a base of information on the effects of the 55 MPH speed limit. This report addresses the fuel consumption changes attributable to speed reduction and compliance with the 55 MPH speed limit. It also discusses the effects of vehicle size and type, and driver-controllable functions on vehicle fuel economy at highway speeds. Most of the analytical work in this report is related to passenger cars and light trucks. However, medium and heavy trucks, primarily commercial in application, have been included in the highway fuel economy analyses.

  8. Microbial food safety - modeling and applications

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Microbial food safety is a key issue for the food processing industry, and enhancing food safety is everyone’s responsibility from food producers to consumers. Financial losses to the economy due to foodborne illness are in the billions of dollars, annually. Foodborne illness can be caused by patho...

  9. Motorcycle Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Research & Activities Data & Statistics Policy Impact Distracted Driving Pedestrian Safety Get the Facts National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety Native American Road Safety Get the Facts Research & ...

  10. Towards a Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect

    Sherif, S.A.; Barbir, Frano; Veziroglu, T.N.

    2005-07-01

    From electrolysis and thermolysis to production from biomass, hydrogen production methods are falling into place. So is storage, via all modes of gaseous, liquid, slush, and metal hydride systems. But proponents need to address the perception that hydrogen poses a severe safety risk, since the evidence suggests its risks are of the same order of magnitude as gasoline or natural gas.

  11. Labor and the Emerging World Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David E. Bloom; Adi Brender

    1993-01-01

    This paper explores the emergence of a world economy since 1950 and its implications for the world's labor force. There are four main sets of conclusions. First, although the integration of national economies since 1950 has been considerable, the world economy is still in its adolescence. Rapid integration has occurred among the industrial economies, but integration among the developing economies

  12. Ideas Economy: Innovation Forum 2013

    E-print Network

    Walker, Matthew P.

    Ideas Economy: Innovation Forum 2013 Guy Wollaert Senior vice-president, chief technical officer of the world's most admired corporate innovators. James Curleigh President, the Levi's brand Levi Strauss & Co, and innovate fastenough to compete in the 21stcentury? Join us at the Ideas Economy: Innovation Forum

  13. Engineering Economy: An Economist's Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ira Horowitz

    1976-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an economist's perspective as to those problems that are currently capturing the attention of engineering economy, and those problems that should be capturing its attention, as well as to indicate some recent advances in economic theory of which engineering economy might well take advantage.

  14. Can Education Save the Economy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Noy, Michelle; Zeidenberg, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    The recent global economic downturn is causing U.S. workers and employers to look to the educational system for skills that will allow them to thrive when the economy recovers. Education alone cannot save the economy. Much larger forces are at work, such as international equity and debt markets, the banking crisis, and the deflation of consumer …

  15. Sustainable Seattle Ecology Economy Community

    E-print Network

    Peak, Derek

    Sustainable Seattle Ecology Economy Community Why Local Linkages Matter Findings from the Local Food Economy Study Written by Viki Sonntag, PhD Published by Sustainable Seattle February 2008 PUBLIC urban neighborhoods; and · Shifts this region's economic priorities to support a sustainable community

  16. Teaching about the Transition Economies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schug, Mark C.; McCorkle, Sarapage; Morton, John S.

    1998-01-01

    Describes two books of curriculum materials published by the National Council on Economic Education regarding the Central and East European transition economies: (1) "Economies in Transition: Command to Market" (1997); and (2) "From Plan to Market: Teaching Ideas for Social Studies, Economics, and Business Classes" (1997). (DSK)

  17. The Political Economy of Terrorism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Walter Enders; Todd Sandler

    The Political Economy of Terrorism presents a widely accessible political economy approach to the study of terrorism. It applies economic methodology – theoretical and empirical – combined with political analysis and realities to the study of domestic and transnational terrorism. In so doing, the book provides both a qualitative and quantitative investigation of terrorism in a balanced up-to-date presentation that

  18. Virtual Economies: Threats and Risks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thorpe, Christopher; Hammer, Jessica; Camp, Jean; Callas, Jon; Bond, Mike

    In virtual economies, human and computer players produce goods and services, hold assets, and trade them with other in-game entities, in the same way that people and corporations participate in "real-world" economies. As the border between virtual worlds and the real world grows more and more permeable, privacy and security in virtual worlds matter more and more.

  19. Quality management in developing economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian N. Madu

    1997-01-01

    Explores the importance of quality management in achieving global competitiveness. Emphasizes the need for developing countries to revitalize their economies through quality management practice. Uses Deming principles of quality management and dialectical materialism inquiry system to demonstrate how the practice of quality can help developing countries to improve their national economies and, therefore, compete effectively in international markets.

  20. Green Jobs and Energy Economy

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Green Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy ThoughT Leadership series Co-authors Daniel M. Kammen Series #4 Green Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy #12;Green is the new blue... blue collar and significant, positive economic impacts. Job creation is an especially pressing issue as we confront both our

  1. Business cycles in oil economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Al-Mutairi

    1991-01-01

    This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases

  2. Internet Economy Indicators: January 2001 Internet Economy Indicators

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    Internet Economy Indicators published in January the third of its biannual reports on the state of the Internet economy (for information on the June 2000 report, see the September 7, 2000 Scout Report for Business & Economics). The latest report finds that "the addition of 612,375 jobs in the Internet Economy in the first six months of 2000 was nearly as much as all of 1999 (when 650,000 jobs were added)." These data apparently belie more dire recent predictions concerning the state of the Internet economy. The report offers data and analysis of employment, revenues, types of jobs, comparison of Internet employment growth to the rest of the economy, comparison of Internet employment growth to revenue growth, and more. Funded by Cisco systems, the report was conducted by the University of Texas. Questions about the influence of corporate sponsors aside, the information here serves as a counterbalance to concerns about dot.com crashes (the report points out that dot.coms make up less than ten percent of the Internet's economy). The full report is offered in .pdf format with an executive summary, key findings, an overview, and selected data also posted on-site in HTML. The site also features an extensive report entitled Dot Coms and Productivity in the Internet Economy as well as an archive of previous biannual reports.

  3. UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    -45 and Criminal Code section 217.1, WorkSafeBC Occupational Health & Safety Regulations (OHSR): 3 package http://www.unbc.ca/assets/safety/health__safety_assets/ employee_safety_orientation_dec_2011.pdf1 UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST INSTRUCTIONS PAGE Please use the following table below

  4. Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Requirements for employers

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Requirements for employers · Fallprotectionsandproperuseofrelated-safety equipmentsuchaslifelines,harness · Properuseofdangeroustools,thenecessaryprecautionstotake,andtheuseof theprotectiveandemergencyequipmentrequired. Safety Training and Education Safety Tip #18 Get smart. Use safety from the start. All

  5. Financial Economies With Restricted Participation

    E-print Network

    Aouani, Zaier

    2009-05-18

    the financial structure is replaced by an equivalent reduced one. Finally, in Chapter 4 we prove a general existence result of equilibria for financial exchange economies with restricted participation in which agents may have nonordered preferences. Our result...

  6. Oregon Agriculture and the Economy

    E-print Network

    Tullos, Desiree

    Oregon Agriculture and the Economy: An Update Oregon State University Extension Service Rural Analyst Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Oregon State University #12;Contents ...........................................................................................................................................12 Agricultural Support Services, Wholesale Trade, Transportation and Warehousing, Retail Trade

  7. Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    23 Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy Jérôme Blanc* and Denis Colongo** T he European economy(1) . The central theme of the conference was the contributions of cooperatives to a plural economy and solidarity economy and elsewhere, and some of them draw on Karl Polanyi's conceptual framework (a key

  8. Drug Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... over-the-counter drug. The FDA evaluates the safety of a drug by looking at Side effects ... clinical trials The FDA also monitors a drug's safety after approval. For you, drug safety means buying ...

  9. From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy

    E-print Network

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy By Herman Daly A steady-state economy of negative growth, a depression such as we are entering now, is a failed-growth economy, not a steady-state economy. Halting an accelerating downward spiral is necessary but is not the same thing as resuming

  10. The Methanol Economy Project

    SciTech Connect

    Olah, George; Prakash, G.K.

    2013-12-31

    The Methanol Economy Project is based on the concept of replacing fossil fuels with methanol generated either from renewable resources or abundant natural (shale) gas. The full methanol cycle was investigated in this project, from production of methanol through bromination of methane, bireforming of methane to syngas, CO{sub 2} capture using supported amines, co-electrolysis of CO{sub 2} and water to formate and syngas, decomposition of formate to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}, and use of formic acid in a direct formic acid fuel cell. Each of these projects achieved milestones and provided new insights into their respective fields. ? Direct electrophilic bromination of methane to methyl bromide followed by hydrolysis to yield methanol was investigated on a wide variety of catalyst systems, but hydrolysis proved impractical for large-scale industrial application. ? Bireforming the correct ratio of methane, CO{sub 2}, and water on a NiO / MgO catalyst yielded the right proportion of H{sub 2}:CO (2:1) and proved to be stable for at least 250 hours of operation at 400 psi (28 atm). ? CO{sub 2} capture utilizing supported polyethyleneimines yielded a system capable of adsorbing CO{sub 2} from the air and release at nominal temperatures with negligible amine leaching. ? CO{sub 2} electrolysis to formate and syngas showed considerable increases in rate and selectivity by performing the reaction in a high pressure flow electrolyzer. ? Formic acid was shown to decompose selectively to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} using either Ru or Ir based homogeneous catalysts. ? Direct formic acid fuel cells were also investigated and showed higher than 40% voltage efficiency using reduced loadings of precious metals. A technoeconomic analysis was conducted to assess the viability of taking each of these processes to the industrial scale by applying the data gathered during the experiments to approximations based on currently used industrial processes. Several of these processes show significant promise for industrial scale up and use towards improving our nation’s energy independence.

  11. Radiation processing and market economy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zagórski, Z. P.

    1998-06-01

    In the system of totalitarian economy, regulated by bureaucracy, the real value of equipment, materials and services is almost completely unknown, what makes impossible the comparison of different technologies, eliminates competition, disturbs research and development. With introduction of market economy in Central and Eastern Europe, the radiation processing has lost doubtful support, becoming an independent business, subject to laws of free market economy. Only the most valuable objects of processing have survived that test. At the top of the list are: radiation sterilization of medical equipment and radiation induced crosslinking of polymers, polyethylene in particular. New elements of competition has entered the scene, as well as questions of international regulations and standards have appeared.

  12. National Academies: The Hydrogen Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This news release from the National Academies reviews findings on the challenges and opportunities for a Hydrogen Economy. According to the report, "A transition to hydrogen as a major fuel in the next 50 years could significantly change the U.S. energy economy, reducing air emissions and expanding domestic energy resources, but technical, economic, and infrastructure barriers need to be overcome." A link to the full report online includes chapters on: A Framework for Thinking About the Hydrogen Economy, The Demand Side: Hydrogen End-Use Technologies, Transportation, Distribution, and Storage of Hydrogen, Supply Chains for Hydrogen and Estimated Costs of Hydrogen Supply, Implications of a Transition to Hydrogen in Vehicles for the U.S. Energy System, Carbon Capture and Storage, Hydrogen Production Technologies, and Crosscutting Issues. The Executive Summary includes some implications for policy. This site is also reviewed in the February 27, 2004 _NSDL MET Report_.

  13. Political economy and the transition from planned to market economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles G. Smith; Stephen M. Hills; Gail Arch

    2003-01-01

    The revolution in the world economy, especially in the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, has accelerated academic and practitioner interest in the process of global change. Of special relevance to the topic are the disciplines of strategic management, human resource management, and public policy. Specifically, global changes force a rethinking of existing managerial and governmental practices

  14. Food safety knowledge retention study.

    PubMed

    Hislop, Nyall; Shaw, Keara

    2009-02-01

    Foodborne illness in Canada is an ongoing burden for public health and the economy. Many foodborne illnesses result from improper food handling practices. If food handlers had a greater knowledge of what causes foodborne illness, perhaps these illnesses would have less of an impact on society. This study gave researchers the opportunity to examine the current food safety knowledge of food handlers by using a standardized questionnaire. Questionnaires were distributed by environmental health officers to food handlers working in the food service industry during on-site inspections, and responses were used to evaluate immediate knowledge of key food safety issues. Both certified and noncertified food handlers were evaluated. Information also was collected on the number of years since food safety certification was achieved and the number of years experience noncertified food handlers had in the food service industry. Results indicated that certified food handlers had a greater knowledge of food safety information than did noncertified food handlers. The highest failure rates were observed among noncertified food handlers with more than 10 years of experience and less than 1 year of experience. The results support the need for mandatory food safety certification for workers in the food service industry and for recertification at least every 10 years. Although the study was not sufficiently rigorous to evaluate existing food safety courses, data collected provided valuable insight into what issues should be emphasized in existing food safety courses and which should be targeted by future food safety initiatives. PMID:19350994

  15. Safety & Environment Unit Safety Contest

    E-print Network

    Maoz, Shahar

    for a disordered lab Orderly laboratory 40 positive points for each safety initiative Initiatives implementationAwards Safety & Environment Unit Safety Contest & We hope that this contest will improve the awareness and the safety of all WIS personnel. First prize Second prize Third prize $5000 $3000 $2000 Dear

  16. Adventures in the Alaska Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackstadt, Steve; Huskey, Lee

    This publication was developed to increase students' understanding of basic economic concepts and the historical development of Alaska's economy. Comics depict major historical events as they occurred, but specific characters are fictionalized. Each of nine episodes is accompanied by several pages of explanatory text, which enlarges on the episode…

  17. The Underground Economy in Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tatsuya YasukĹchi

    1986-01-01

    The underground economy and underground money have become popular terms in newspapers and magazines. This interest has resulted from the suspension of the Green Card systemâ before the law that had been adopted in the spring of 1980 was implemented due to the tenacious opposition of political and financial sectors. It is the undeniable truth that the real reason for

  18. The Political Economy of Terrorism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Walter Enders; Todd Sandler

    The Political Economy of Terrorism, first published in 2006, presents a widely accessible approach to the study of terrorism that combines economic methods with political analysis and realities. It applies economic methodology - theoretical and empirical - with political analysis to the study of domestic and transnational terrorism. Included in the treatment are historical aspects of the phenomenon, a discussion

  19. Car buyers and fuel economy?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas S. Turrentine; Kenneth S. Kurani

    2007-01-01

    This research is designed to help researchers and policy makers ground their work in the reality of how US consumers are thinking and behaving with respect to automotive fuel economy. Our data are from semi-structured interviews with 57 households across nine lifestyle “sectors.” We found no household that analyzed their fuel costs in a systematic way in their automobile or

  20. Green Jobs and Energy Economy

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Green Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy THOUGHT LEADERSHIP SERIES Co-authors Ditlev Engel, Chief Simons Januario Vestas Wind Systems A/S Thought Leadership Series #4 Green Jobs and the Clean Energy environmental bene ts from reduced greenhouse gas emissions and signi cant, positive economic impacts. Job

  1. The Expanding World Information Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesterov, Pyotr V.

    1991-01-01

    Three articles analyze the following aspects of the world information economy: (1) the role of the Soviet Union's information system--VINITI--in the implementation of the State STI (Scientific and Technical Information) system; (2) Britain's information policies; and (3) Europe's expanding market for information technology. (MAB)

  2. Steps toward the hydrogen economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. S. Penner

    2006-01-01

    The hydrogen economy is defined as the industrial system in which one of the universal energy carriers is hydrogen (the other is electricity) and hydrogen is oxidized to water that may be reused by applying an external energy source for dissociation of water into its component elements hydrogen and oxygen. There are three different primary energy-supply system classes which may

  3. The swipe and spend economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margie Tidwell; Jim Bexley; Bala Maniam

    Credit card uses and abuses have found a worldwide audience with the recent downturn of the economy. This paper will discuss the beginnings of credit card usage with the recent marketing by credit card companies to teenagers and will continue through to senior citizen's need for credit card usage to pay medical bills. Emphasis will be placed on the use

  4. The political economy of electricity market liberalization

    E-print Network

    Erdogdu, Erkan

    2012-05-17

    of governments and educational/professional background of leaders have played and will play a crucial role throughout the reform process. Adapting a political economy perspective, this paper attempts to discover the impact of political economy variables...

  5. Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. L. Greene; K. G. Duleep

    1992-01-01

    This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of COâ and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from

  6. Costs and benefits of automative fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. Greene; K. G. Duleep

    1993-01-01

    This paper describes an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle costs, fuel savings, consumers' surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO2 and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from

  7. Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. L. Greene; K. G. Duleep

    1992-01-01

    This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer`s surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of COâ and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from

  8. Fuel Economy Standards for New Light Trucks (released in AEO2007)

    EIA Publications

    2007-01-01

    In March 2006, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) finalized Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards requiring higher fuel economy performance for light-duty trucks in model year (MY) 2008 through 2011. Unlike the proposed CAFE standards discussed in Annual Energy Outlook 2006, which would have established minimum fuel economy requirements by six footprint size classes, the final reformed CAFE standards specify a continuous mathematical function that determines minimum fuel economy requirements by vehicle footprint, defined as the wheelbase (the distance from the front axle to the center of the rear axle) times the average track width (the distance between the center lines of the tires) of the vehicle in square feet.

  9. Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities

    E-print Network

    Hall, Christopher

    Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities #12;www.universities-scotland.ac.uk #12 sector can continue to grow to the benefit of Scotland's economy and society. Andrew Dixon, Chief. Universities play a major role in the creative economy in identifying and growing talent and skills as well

  10. The Political Economy of Transition Grard Roland

    E-print Network

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    1 The Political Economy of Transition Gérard Roland Gérard Roland is Professor of Economics on an earlier draft. He also thanks symposium participants in Prague, March 23 2001. #12;2 Political economy of reforms. The political economy argument in favor of gradualism was that an appropriate sequencing

  11. NEW ECONOMY NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch

    E-print Network

    Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

    June 2000 NEW ECONOMY ­ NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch Massachusetts Institute of Technology Until recently the new economy" was reigning supreme: there was the boom--no inflation to speak of, stocks at all to the new economy. But now everything looks a bit different. There are signs of inflation in product

  12. PSCI 15 / REL 15 Catholic Political Economy

    E-print Network

    Stoiciu, Mihai

    century or so, however, she has devoted particular attention to the problems of modern economies1 PSCI 15 / REL 15 Catholic Political Economy Winter Study 2010 Professor Darel E. Paul PSCI 15? Is love a relevant concept in political and economic analysis? What is an economy for? This course

  13. Urban agglomeration economies in manufacturing industries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tatsuhiko Kawashima

    1975-01-01

    This paper attempts to extend the analysis of urban agglomeration economies presented by Isard [4; pp. 182-188]. The aim of the proposed extension is to demonstrate how external agglomeration economies for manufacturing activities within urban areas can be partially identified in quantitative terms and to illustrate the manner in which these economies differ with urban size. The major portion of

  14. The food industry and provincial economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Greg Walsh MA; Duo Li

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the significance of the food industry for the Zhejiang provincial economy and for provincial economies generally. It is suggested that the strong ties between the food industry and provincial economies in China means that the food industry can be a key influence in the economic development of regional China. Moreover, the geographically diffuse nature of the food

  15. Serving Business in an Information Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Bookmark, 1988

    1988-01-01

    The 23 articles in this theme issue focus on various aspects of library services to business in an information economy: "Serving Business in an Information Economy" (C. Bain); "New York's Resurging Economy and State Economic Development Information" (R. G. Paolino); "Department of Economic Development Library: Services to Business" (B. S.…

  16. Energy Demand Forecasting in Economies in Transition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Habil Vaclovas Miskinis

    2002-01-01

    Countries in transition from centrally planned to free market economies face many fundamental transformations both in their economies and energy sectors. Deep economic decline is accompanied by a similar reduction in energy consumption. This paper considers the current situation in the Lithuanian economy, its development since 1990 and future outlook, and provides an analysis of changes in primary and final

  17. Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas

    E-print Network

    Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Should a vehicle fuel economy standard 2012 JEL classification: Q48 Q54 Q58 Keywords: Fuel economy standard Climate policy Vehicles CGE

  18. Food safety

    MedlinePLUS

    Food safety refers to the conditions and practices that preserve the quality of food to prevent contamination and ... Poor food safety practices can cause infection from a foodborne illness. Symptoms of foodborne illnesses vary, but they usually include ...

  19. Safety Rules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL)

    2004-01-01

    Safety is an important part of a science lesson or activity. This safety material is part of a series of hands-on science activities designed to arouse student interest. Sixteen rules reinforce common safety concerns for science classrooms. Among the safety rules are the recommendations that teachers practice demonstrations before presenting them, make proper eyewear and shields available, use customary disposal techniques, and possess a thorough knowledge of the chemical reactions being used. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  20. National Safety Council

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Introduction Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence Join ... Safety Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research NSC Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence ...

  1. Home and Recreational Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Introduction Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence Join ... Safety Safety Management Systems Workplace Safety Consulting Employee Perception Surveys Research NSC Navigator Journey to Safety Excellence ...

  2. Evaluation Method of Coal Mine Production Safety Based on BP Neural Network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sun Gang; Zhang Ruixin; Luo Fen; Sun Kelei; Huang Xiaoming

    2009-01-01

    Based on the theory of system engineering, coal mine production safety has been analyzed. From workers, production process, coal production and economy, coal mine production safety evaluation indexes have been confirmed, and then the BP neural network model of coal mine production safety evaluation has been built. After training and testing the model, the model can accurately evaluate the coal

  3. Benchmarking safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. B. McClung

    2003-01-01

    All of general industry in the United States, represented by the participants in the IEEE\\/IAS Petroleum and Chemical Industry Committee Technical Conference (PCIC), is regulated by the federal government to have an electrical safety program. The Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) documents that drive the electrical safety of employees in the workplace is written in performance

  4. Safety teams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph R. Muscatello; Brian P. Heshizer

    2002-01-01

    Background: Safety teams have become a popular means to recognize and prevent injuries in the workplace. In fact, organizations, such as OSHA, NIOSH, NIEHS, DOE, and the Ohio BWC, not only encourage safety teams, but have implemented them in their organizations. However, safety teams may not be legal as defined by NLRB Act Sections 2(5) and 8(a)(2). Objective: To determine

  5. Safety Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

    Safety policies, procedures, and related information are presented in this manual to assist school personnel in a continuing program of accident prevention. Chapter 1 discusses safety education and accident prevention in general. Chapter 2 covers traffic regulations relating to school safety patrols, school bus transportation, bicycles, and…

  6. Business cycles in oil economies

    SciTech Connect

    Al-Mutairi, N.H.

    1991-01-01

    This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases of Norway, Nigeria, and Mexico. Both atheoretical and structural' VARs are estimated to determine the importance of oil price impulses on output variations. The study reports two types of results: variance decomposition and impulse response functions, with particular emphasis on the issues of stationarity and co-integration among the series. The empirical results suggest that shocks to oil price are important in explaining output variations. In most cases, shocks to oil price are shown to explain more than 20% of the forecast variance of output over a 40-quarter horizon.

  7. Open-Economy Inflation Targeting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars E. O. Svensson

    1998-01-01

    The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylised realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not only limit the variability of CPI

  8. Open-economy inflation targeting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars E. O. Svensson

    2000-01-01

    The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylized realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation, and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not limit the variability of CPI inflation

  9. Advanced Materials and the Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joel P. Clark; Merton C. Flemings

    1986-01-01

    Advances in materials science and engineering have impact quickly throughout the economy. On the average, every person in the US requires the securing and processing of some 20,000 pounds of nonrenewable, nonfuel mineral resources each year. Industries engaged in the direct production of primary materials employ approximately 1.5 million wage and salaried personnel, or about 1.5% of the labor force.

  10. Design Incentives to Increase Vehicle Size Created from the U.S. Footprint-based Fuel Economy Standards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-08-05

    This study evaluates whether the amendment which determines fuel economy targets based on vehicle footprint (wheel base by track width) to the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards creates an incentive for manufactures to produce larger vehicles. By using an “oligopolistic-equilibrium model” while considering a range of customer preferences, it is determined that this amendment does create an incentive for manufacturers to produce larger vehicles; especially in light trucks. By producing these larger vehicles, there are the negative effects of lower fuel economy, higher emissions, worse vehicle performance, and higher traffic safety risks.

  11. Theorizing the carbon economy: introduction to the special issue The term `carbon economy'often has an adjective placed nearby: the `new'carbon economy,

    E-print Network

    of carbon capture and storage and nuclear technologies. These dimensionsöand surface-level to deeperTheorizing the carbon economy: introduction to the special issue The term `carbon economy'often has an adjective placed nearby: the `new'carbon economy, the `low' carbon economy, the carbon `neutral' economy

  12. Middle East food safety perspectives.

    PubMed

    Idriss, Atef W; El-Habbab, Mohammad S

    2014-08-01

    Food safety and quality assurance are increasingly a major issue with the globalisation of agricultural trade, on the one hand, and intensification of agriculture, on the other. Consumer protection has become a priority in policy-making amongst the large economies of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries following a number of food safety incidents. To enhance food safety, it is necessary to establish markets underpinned by knowledge and resources, including analysis of international rejections of food products from MENA countries, international laboratory accreditation, improved reporting systems and traceability, continued development and validation of analytical methods, and more work on correlating sensory evaluation with analytical results. MENA countries should develop a national strategy for food safety based on a holistic approach that extends from farm-to-fork and involves all the relevant stakeholders. Accordingly, food safety should be a regional programme, raising awareness among policy- and decision-makers of the importance of food safety and quality for consumer protection, food trade and economic development. PMID:24415527

  13. Feebates, Footprints and Highway Safety

    SciTech Connect

    Greene, David L [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of a market-based policy aimed at encouraging manufacturers to develop more fuel efficient vehicles without affecting the car buyer s choice of vehicle size. A vehicle s size is measured by its footprint , the product of track width and wheelbase. Traditional market-based policies to promote higher fuel economy, such as higher gasoline taxes or gas guzzler taxes, also induce motorists to purchase smaller vehicles. Whether or not such policies affect overall road safety remains controversial, however. Feebates, a continuous schedule of new vehicle taxes and rebates as a function of vehicle fuel consumption, can also be made a function of vehicle size, thus removing the incentive to buy a smaller vehicle. A feebate system based on a vehicle s footprint creates the same incentive to adopt technology to improve fuel economy as simple feebate systems while removing any incentive for manufacturers or consumers to downsize vehicles.

  14. Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.

    SciTech Connect

    Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

    2007-01-01

    After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

  15. Strategies to improve running economy.

    PubMed

    Barnes, Kyle R; Kilding, Andrew E

    2015-01-01

    Running economy (RE) represents a complex interplay of physiological and biomechanical factors that is typically defined as the energy demand for a given velocity of submaximal running and expressed as the submaximal oxygen uptake (VO2) at a given running velocity. This review considered a wide range of acute and chronic interventions that have been investigated with respect to improving economy by augmenting one or more components of the metabolic, cardiorespiratory, biomechanical or neuromuscular systems. Improvements in RE have traditionally been achieved through endurance training. Endurance training in runners leads to a wide range of physiological responses, and it is very likely that these characteristics of running training will influence RE. Training history and training volume have been suggested to be important factors in improving RE, while uphill and level-ground high-intensity interval training represent frequently prescribed forms of training that may elicit further enhancements in economy. More recently, research has demonstrated short-term resistance and plyometric training has resulted in enhanced RE. This improvement in RE has been hypothesized to be a result of enhanced neuromuscular characteristics. Altitude acclimatization results in both central and peripheral adaptations that improve oxygen delivery and utilization, mechanisms that potentially could improve RE. Other strategies, such as stretching should not be discounted as a training modality in order to prevent injuries; however, it appears that there is an optimal degree of flexibility and stiffness required to maximize RE. Several nutritional interventions have also received attention for their effects on reducing oxygen demand during exercise, most notably dietary nitrates and caffeine. It is clear that a range of training and passive interventions may improve RE, and researchers should concentrate their investigative efforts on more fully understanding the types and mechanisms that affect RE and the practicality and extent to which RE can be improved outside the laboratory. PMID:25164465

  16. Fuel Economy of the Light-Duty Vehicle Fleet (released in AEO2005)

    EIA Publications

    2005-01-01

    The U.S. fleet of light-duty vehicles consists of cars and light trucks, including minivans, sport utility vehicles (SUVs) and trucks with gross vehicle weight less than 8,500 pounds. The fuel economy of light-duty vehicles is regulated by the (Corporate Average Fuel Economy) CAFE standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Currently, the CAFE standard is 27.5 miles per gallon (mpg) for cars and 20.7 mpg for light trucks. The most recent increase in the CAFE standard for cars was in 1990, and the most recent increase in the CAFE standard for light trucks was in 1996.

  17. Lab Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The North Carolina Community College System BioNetwork's interactive eLearning tools (IETs) are reusable chunks of training that can be deployed in a variety of courses or training programs. IETs are designed to enhance, not replace hands-on training. Learners are able to enter a hands-on lab experience better prepared and more confident. This particular IET delves into laboratory safety, and covers interacting with the lab environment and a new lab partner. Topics covered include proper dress, housekeeping, safety equipment, mixing, fire safety, and spills. When the module is completed, visitors will be able to demonstrate proper lab safety techniques.

  18. HEALTH, SAFETY & INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    reporting · DSE Assessments · Risk Assessments · Electrical Safety #12;HEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING POLICYHEALTH, SAFETY & WELLBEING NEW STAFF INDUCTION #12;INTRODUCTION · University Health, Safety and Wellbeing Policy · The role of the Health & Safety Office · School/Unit Health & Safety Management

  19. Safety issues

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rohal, R.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of the NASA safety review process is to make sure that any system hazards that can endanger the manned flight system are precluded. The systems that address manned flight in a payload safety review process are discussed. The types of basic hazards that are normally addressed on any of the payloads are: contamination, electrical shock, explosions, radiation, and temperature extremes.

  20. Lab Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Sandra S.

    1991-01-01

    In response to the Texas Hazardous Communication Act (THCA) of 1986 which raised many new health and liability issues regarding students in science laboratories, a laboratory safety survey was generated for use in evaluating laboratory safety. This article contains the easy-to-use survey. (ZWH)

  1. ATV Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for Parents for Kids for Teens Teens Home Body Mind Sexual Health Food & Fitness Diseases & Conditions Infections Q&A School & Jobs Drugs & Alcohol Staying Safe Recipes En Espańol ... to Body Image ATV Safety KidsHealth > Teens > Staying Safe > Safety ...

  2. Safety Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halligan, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Colleges across the country are rising to the task by implementing safety programs, response strategies, and technologies intended to create a secure environment for teachers and students. Whether it is preparing and responding to a natural disaster, health emergency, or act of violence, more schools are making campus safety a top priority. At…

  3. Training in Toronto's "New Economy"=La formation dans la "nouvelle" economie de Toronto.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community Perspectives Series, 2002

    2002-01-01

    This Community Perspectives Series document includes statements about the new economy in Toronto made by four participants in a March 2001 forum. The new economy was defined by the moderator as "an economy that emphasizes knowledge and technical processes put to the production of goods and other outputs so that an individual's knowledge is viewed…

  4. Money Distributions in Chaotic Economies

    E-print Network

    Carmen Pellicer-Lostao; Ricardo Lopez-Ruiz

    2009-06-10

    This paper considers the ideal gas-like model of trading markets, where each individual is identified as a gas molecule that interacts with others trading in elastic or money-conservative collisions. Traditionally this model introduces different rules of random selection and exchange between pair agents. Real economic transactions are complex but obviously non-random. Consequently, unlike this traditional model, this work implements chaotic elements in the evolution of an economic system. In particular, we use a chaotic signal that breaks the natural pairing symmetry $(i,j)\\Leftrightarrow(j,i)$ of a random gas-like model. As a result of that, it is found that a chaotic market like this can reproduce the referenced wealth distributions observed in real economies (the Gamma, Exponential and Pareto distributions).

  5. Jump Starting the Local Food Economy

    E-print Network

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Jump Starting the Local Food Economy Monday, September 26, 2011 12:00 - 1:30 p.m. (Lunch: "garbage, The Urban Farm Join Miguel Jardine and Greg Peterson as they outline three specific things you can do to contribute to your Local Food Economy and discuss the VermiSoks system. Miguel Jardine is the CEO and founder

  6. Competition and Outsourcing with Scale Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gérard P. Cachon; Patrick T. Harker

    2002-01-01

    Scale economies are commonplace in operations, yet because of analytical challenges, relatively little is known about how firms should compete in their presence. This paper presents a model of competition between two firms that face scale economies; (i.e., each firm's cost per unit of demand is decreasing in demand). A general framework is used, which incorporates competition between two service

  7. Higher Education, Development and the Learning Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Michael A.

    2006-01-01

    This article reviews the claims for the new economy as necessary background to analyzing changes in knowledge production and the role of the university in the so-called learning economy. The article develops an argument for "knowledge networks" as a basis for the university to promote regional development at home and international development…

  8. Knowledge Production in a Cooperative Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottey, Alan

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge here means something similar to but broader than science--it is reliable but not necessarily as systematic or explicit. A cooperative economy is contrasted with the competitive economy that has dominated political thinking almost everywhere for about half a century - the neo-liberal period. It is argued that the neo-liberal ideology and…

  9. Fragmentation versus Unity of the World Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pavel Neumann

    2008-01-01

    The article deals with fragmentation and unity prospects of the world economy with respect to the role of its main centres (Europe\\/EU, East Asia, America). From the view point of the process of the running multilateral liberalisation the world economy was formed as relatively unified at first after World War II. However, regionalisation intensified in 1990s and since then stronger

  10. Sun, Jan 09, 2005 Domestic Economy

    E-print Network

    Gosselin, Frédéric

    leading out from the Great Pyramid at Cheops in Egypt was directed toward the Pleiades when they passedSun, Jan 09, 2005 Front Page National Domestic Economy Science Panorama Economic Focus Dot Coms Global Energy World Politics Sports International Economy Arts & Culture Explore Star Clusters, Catch

  11. The Political Economies of Immigration Law

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    in the United States is affected by political cycles capable of eroding the legitimacy of public agencies1 The Political Economies of Immigration Law Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar* A largely dysfunctional American immigration system is only poorly explained by simple depictions of the political economy

  12. The Rural Economy in a New Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Thomas G.

    Technological change, globalization, and localization have changed rural economies. They have increased labor productivity, reducing the importance of labor costs in location decisions; decreased the importance of distance; increased the importance of economies of scale; and increased the role of local conditions and choices in determining…

  13. Scale Economies and Consolidation in Hog Slaughter

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James M. MacDonald; Michael E. Ollinger

    2000-01-01

    We use establishment based panel data to estimate a cost function which identifies the role of scale economies in hog slaughter consolidation. We find modest by extensive technological scale economies in the 1990s, and they became more important over time. But wages rose sharply with plant size through the 1970s and those wage premiums generated a pecuniary scale diseconomy that

  14. The Hydrogen Economy as a Technological Bluff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanderburg, Willem H.

    2006-01-01

    The hydrogen economy is a technological bluff in its implied assurance that, despite the accelerating pace at which we are depleting the remaining half of our fossil fuels, our energy future is secure. Elementary thermodynamic considerations are developed to show that a hydrogen economy is about as feasible as a perpetual motion machine. Hydrogen…

  15. AmosWeb: Ask Mr. Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Amos, Orley M., 1954-.

    Provided by Orley Amos, Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University, Ask Mr. Economy is a weekly section of the AmosWorld site where questions on economic matters are answered. The answers provide a mixture of humor and economic concept description. Users can search topics covered in Ask Mr. Economy in the economic glossary.

  16. Economies of Scale in the Floriculture Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara K. Schumacher; Thomas L. Marsh

    2003-01-01

    This study investigated the cost structure of the floriculture industry in the United States. Economies of scale and input elasticities were estimated with a normalized quadratic cost function. Results suggest that economies of scale exist in the floriculture industry. As producers become large and more automated, they have a cost advantage relative to smaller producers who are producing the same

  17. Software safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leveson, Nancy

    1987-01-01

    Software safety and its relationship to other qualities are discussed. It is shown that standard reliability and fault tolerance techniques will not solve the safety problem for the present. A new attitude requires: looking at what you do NOT want software to do along with what you want it to do; and assuming things will go wrong. New procedures and changes to entire software development process are necessary: special software safety analysis techniques are needed; and design techniques, especially eliminating complexity, can be very helpful.

  18. System safety education focused on flight safety

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holt, E.

    1971-01-01

    The measures necessary for achieving higher levels of system safety are analyzed with an eye toward maintaining the combat capability of the Air Force. Several education courses were provided for personnel involved in safety management. Data include: (1) Flight Safety Officer Course, (2) Advanced Safety Program Management, (3) Fundamentals of System Safety, and (4) Quantitative Methods of Safety Analysis.

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL

    E-print Network

    Maroncelli, Mark

    ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY GENERAL SAFETY MANUAL May 10, 2002 #12;i Acknowledgements Environmental Health and Safety gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the University Safety Council extremely helpful. #12;ii Environmental Health and Safety General Safety Manual Table of Contents Section

  20. Toolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    equipment, pedestrian aisles, doorways, intersections, or the normal traffic flow. #12;Toolbox Safety TalkToolbox Safety Talk Golf Cart Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Golf carts are utilized on campus for groundskeepers

  1. LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Houston, Paul L.

    LASER SAFETY POLICY MANUAL ISSUED BY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY OFFICE OF RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY and GEORGIA TECH LASER SAFETY COMMITTEE July 1, 2010 Revised July 31, 2012 #12;Laser Safety Program 1-1 #12;Laser Safety Policy Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. POLICY AND SCOPE

  2. 40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

  3. 40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

  4. 40 CFR 610.42 - Fuel economy measurement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Fuel economy measurement. 610.42 Section 610...AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY RETROFIT DEVICES Test Procedures and...Vehicle Test Procedures § 610.42 Fuel economy measurement. (a) Fuel...

  5. 40 CFR 1066.840 - Highway fuel economy test procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Highway fuel economy test procedure. 1066...for Motor Vehicles § 1066.840 Highway fuel economy test procedure. ...section describes the procedure for the highway fuel economy test...

  6. 49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Inc. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon...

  7. 49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Inc. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon...

  8. 49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Inc. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon...

  9. Water Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... best measure of protection. Back Continue Making Kids Water Wise It's important to teach your kids proper ... the pool is not in use. Back Continue Water Safety Outdoors First, teach kids never to swim ...

  10. Safety Tips.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagel, Miriam C., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Outlines a cooperative effort in Iowa to eliminate dangerous or unwanted chemicals from school science storerooms. Also reviews the Council of State Science Supervisor's safety program and discusses how to prevent cuts and punctures from jagged glass tubing. (JN)

  11. Aerospace Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents materials on aerospace safety. Topics include hazard communications, lockout/tagout, confined space entry, fall protection, PPE, firefighting and bloodborne pathogens.

  12. Government-funded ethics in the information economy: The effects of a federal grant on a technical communication graduate curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann S. Jennings

    2008-01-01

    In the information economy, students can benefit from exposure to theories of ethics that are pertinent to such concerns as corporate governance and worker safety. The wisdom of classical and modern ethicists can provide guidance as faculty help students apply the theories to graduate-level course content as varied as visual design, rhetoric, and project management.

  13. Rethinking healthcare as a safety--critical industry.

    PubMed

    Lwears, Robert

    2012-01-01

    The discipline of ergonomics, or human factors engineering, has made substantial contributions to both the development of a science of safety, and to the improvement of safety in a wide variety of hazardous industries, including nuclear power, aviation, shipping, energy extraction and refining, military operations, and finance. It is notable that healthcare, which in most advanced societies is a substantial sector of the economy (eg, 15% of US gross domestic product) and has been associated with large volumes of potentially preventable morbidity and mortality, has heretofore not been viewed as a safety-critical industry. This paper proposes that improving safety performance in healthcare must involve a re-envisioning of healthcare itself as a safety-critical industry, but one with considerable differences from most engineered safety-critical systems. This has implications both for healthcare, and for conceptions of safety-critical industries. PMID:22317422

  14. First Aid and Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... First-Aid Kit Food Safety for Your Family Gun Safety Halloween Candy Hints Household Safety Checklists Household ... Climbing, and Grabbing Household Safety: Preventing Injuries From Firearms Household Safety: Preventing Injuries in the Crib Household ...

  15. Safety, Security & Fire Report

    E-print Network

    Straight, Aaron

    2013 Safety, Security & Fire Report Stanford University #12;Table of Contents Public Safety About the Stanford University Department of Public Safety Community Outreach & Education Programs Emergency Access Transportation Safety Bicycle Safety The Jeanne Clery and Higher Education Act Timely Warning

  16. A correlation among safety leadership, safety climate and safety performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tsung-Chih Wu; Chi-Hsiang Chen; Chin-Chung Li

    2008-01-01

    There has not been much consensus on the causality of safety climates in the past 25 years. Moreover, there is an overall lack of models specifying the relationship among safety leadership, safety climate and safety performance. On the grounds of social system theory, this study has investigated the potential correlation among them. Self-administered questionnaires that included a safety leadership scale,

  17. Exercise economy in skiing and running.

    PubMed

    Losnegard, Thomas; Schäfer, Daniela; Hallén, Jostein

    2014-01-01

    Substantial inter-individual variations in exercise economy exist even in highly trained endurance athletes. The variation is believed to be determined partly by intrinsic factors. Therefore, in the present study, we compared exercise economy in V2-skating, double poling, and uphill running. Ten highly trained male cross-country skiers (23 ± 3 years, 180 ± 6 cm, 75 ± 8 kg, VO2peak running: 76.3 ± 5.6 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) participated in the study. Exercise economy and VO2peak during treadmill running, ski skating (V2 technique) and double poling were compared based on correlation analysis. There was a very large correlation in exercise economy between V2-skating and double poling (r = 0.81) and large correlations between V2-skating and running (r = 0.53) and double poling and running (r = 0.58). There were trivial to moderate correlations between exercise economy and the intrinsic factors VO2peak (r = 0.00-0.23), cycle rate (r = 0.03-0.46), body mass (r = -0.09-0.46) and body height (r = 0.11-0.36). In conclusion, the inter-individual variation in exercise economy could be explained only moderately by differences in VO2peak, body mass and body height. Apparently other intrinsic factors contribute to the variation in exercise economy between highly trained subjects. PMID:24478718

  18. UNBC SAFETY CHECKLIST SAFETY CHECKLIST

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Health & Safety Regulations (OHSR): 3.12 & 3.13 ­Workers Right to Refuse Unsafe Work, 3.23 ­ Young or New Worker Orientation, 4.20.1 ­ Working Alone or in Isolation; 4.46 ­ Ergonomic Requirements. Please contact

  19. Toolbox Safety Talk Ladder Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    and construction worker injuries. Falls cause 15% of all accidental deaths, and are second only to motor vehicle Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Slips, trips, and falls constitute the majority of general industry

  20. e-Labs and Work Objects: Towards Digital Health Economies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ainsworth, John D.; Buchan, Iain E.

    The optimal provision of healthcare and public health services requires the synthesis of evidence from multiple disciplines. It is necessary to understand the genetic, environmental, behavioural and social determinants of disease and health-related states; to balance the effectiveness of interventions with their costs; to ensure the maximum safety and acceptability of interventions; and to provide fair access to care services for given populations. Ever expanding databases of knowledge and local health information, and the ability to employ computationally expensive methods, promises much for decisions to be both supported by best evidence and locally relevant. This promise will, however, not be realised without providing health professionals with the tools to make sense of this information rich environment and to collaborate across disciplines. We propose, as a solution to this problem, the e-Lab and Work Objects model as a sense-making platform for digital health economies - bringing together data, methods and people for timely health intelligence.

  1. Does satiation close the open economy?

    PubMed Central

    POSADAS-SÁNCHEZ, DIANA; KILLEEN, PETER R.

    2006-01-01

    Pigeons responded on fixed-interval and fixed-ratio food schedules during sessions of extended duration. Pause lengths from the beginning of the session, when the subjects were hungry, resembled those found in open economies, whereas pause lengths from the end of the sessions, when the subjects were close to satiation, resembled those from closed economies. A model of motivation captured key features of the data, suggesting that a changing level of hunger is a causal factor in the behavioral differences observed between open and closed economies. Behavioral theories may provide a parsimonious alternative to economic theories in accounting for such effects. PMID:16573210

  2. Paraguay: population and the economy.

    PubMed

    Sanders, T G

    1986-01-01

    Paraguay's political conflicts and development experiences have been accompanied by compensatory population movements; however, economic and population policies of the past are not adequate to address the current economic challenges. The principal structural problem is dependence on international commodity prices. Since late 1984, the international prices for soya and cotton have declined more than 50%; these 2 products account for 83% of official exports. The external debt has grown significantly in the past 5 years and is increasingly difficult to service. A major problem the government faces in servicing the debt and maintaining economic growth is its inability to get control of foreign exchange. Much of Paraguay's external trade is contraband, with the dollars passing into the black market. As a result of the illegal economy, government earnings have been insufficient to cover expenses. Unemployment stands at 12% because of general economic decline, cuts in government expenditure, and the reduction of investment in hydroelectricity. Occupation of new land, the classic solution by the Paraguayan peasantry, is no longer a viable option since all land is now utilized. About 20-25% of Paraguayans live outside the country, expecially in Argentina. In 1986, a commission drafted an Adjustment Plan that recommended a devaluation of the official gurani rate, tax increases, higher tariffs for public services, and incentives to invest in priority areas; however, this plan has not been implemented to date. PMID:12315094

  3. Quantifying the vitamin D economy.

    PubMed

    Heaney, Robert P; Armas, Laura A G

    2015-01-01

    Vitamin D enters the body through multiple routes and in a variety of chemical forms. Utilization varies with input, demand, and genetics. Vitamin D and its metabolites are carried in the blood on a Gc protein that has three principal alleles with differing binding affinities and ethnic prevalences. Three major metabolites are produced, which act via two routes, endocrine and autocrine/paracrine, and in two compartments, extracellular and intracellular. Metabolic consumption is influenced by physiological controls, noxious stimuli, and tissue demand. When administered as a supplement, varying dosing schedules produce major differences in serum metabolite profiles. To understand vitamin D's role in human physiology, it is necessary both to identify the foregoing entities, mechanisms, and pathways and, specifically, to quantify them. This review was performed to delineate the principal entities and transitions involved in the vitamin D economy, summarize the status of present knowledge of the applicable rates and masses, draw inferences about functions that are implicit in these quantifications, and point out implications for the determination of adequacy. PMID:26024057

  4. Impact of Communication Erasure Channels on Safety of Highway Vehicle Platoons

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Hongwei

    1 Impact of Communication Erasure Channels on Safety of Highway Vehicle Platoons Lijian Xu, Member perfor- mance significantly. This paper employs safety of highway vehicle platoons as a platform to study highway utility, increase fuel economy, and reduce emission. By comparing different information structures

  5. A Caricature (Model) of the World Economy

    E-print Network

    Caballero, Ricardo

    2010-11-23

    This paper provides a stylized model of the workings of a global economy where one of its key driving factors is economic agents’ continuous struggle to find assets in which to park financial resources. This struggle ...

  6. Essays on economies with heterogeneous labor

    E-print Network

    Lehr, Brandon Charles

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, I study two different economies that consist of heterogeneous labor. By allowing for differences among individuals where previous analyses restricted attention to homogeneous labor, I am able to understand ...

  7. Traffic airships with special reference to economy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leyensetter, Walther

    1921-01-01

    The first part of this report details the efficiency and economy of airship travel, while the second part presents methods of economic efficiency with regards to construction, cost of upkeep and operation, and the establishment of airship lines.

  8. Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy

    E-print Network

    Yu, Winston

    Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

  9. Agents modeling agents in information economies

    SciTech Connect

    Vidal, J.M.; Durfee, E.H. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Our goal is to design and build agents that act intelligently when placed in an agent-based information economy, where agents buy and sell services (e.g. thesaurus, search, task planning services, etc.). The economy we are working in is the University of Michigan Digital Library (UMDL), a large scale multidisciplinary effort to build an infrastructure for the delivery of library services. In contrast with a typical economy, an information economy deals in goods and services that are often derived from unique sources (authors, analysts, etc.), so that many goods and services are not interchangeable. Also, the cost of replicating and transporting goods is usually negligible, and the quality of goods and services is difficult to measure objectively: even two sources with essentially the same information might appeal to different audiences. Thus, each agent has its own assessment of the quality of goods and services delivered.

  10. Science Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Vu, Michael

    Created by specialists at the Baylor College of Medicine's BioEd Online team, the Science Safety site brings together videos, pamphlets, and other instructional resources designed to help students and educators learn about lab safety. The site contains three key videos: "Tools and Equipment of Science," "Using a Bright Field Light Microscope," and "Using a Micropipettor." Demonstrators include scientists and teachers from around Texas and the tone of the films is erudite, age-appropriate, and accessible. Additionally, the site includes links to Lesson Demonstrations, which address subjects such as ecology, forces and motion, and microorganisms.

  11. Safety Awards 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    A RECONEENDED SAFETY PROGRAN FOR THE MABRY FOUNDRY AND NACHINE CONPANY AND IRON CASTINSS INCORPORATED OF BEAUNONT, TEXAS Edward Naz'shall Begnaud Appz'oved as to style and content by: n o osa ee n v sos') LfBRARY, A 4 M COLLEGE OF Texgt A... RECOMMENDED SAFETY PROGRAM FOR THE MABRY FOUNDRY AND MACHINE COMPANY AND IRON CASTINGS INCORPORATED OF BEAUMONT, TNXAS Edward Marshall Bsgnaud ll I Submitted to ths Graduate School of the Agricultuxal and. Mechanical College of Texas in Partial...

  12. ATV Safety

    E-print Network

    Smith, David

    2004-09-16

    , Extension Safety Program The Texas A&M University System Source: All-Terrain Vehicle 2001 Injury and Exposure Studies. Consumer Product Safety Commission. January 2003. Causes of Injuries and Fatalities ATV accidents are rarely caused by design flaws. Most... at a sharp angle to cross a gully, plac- ing the vehicle in a severe side lean. Blood analysis showed significant levels of both amphetamine and cannabinoid, and a bag of a suspected controlled sub- stance was found on the body. Source: Wyoming FACE...

  13. Marketing Strategies in a Downturn Economy

    E-print Network

    Williams, M.

    MARKETING STRATEGIES IN A DOWNTURN ECONOMY MALCOLM WILLIAMS Manager Business Development Gulf States Utilities Beaumont, ABSTRACT The economic activity in an area may affect electric utility sales more than other retailers. Statistics show... in inventory, and with current regulatory treatment the price is difficult to raise. These unique problems, which are compounded in a declining economy, have caused utilities to abandon traditional marketing techniques and develop new strategies to cope...

  14. Fuel economy of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rajesh K Ahluwalia; X Wang; A Rousseau; R Kumar

    2004-01-01

    On the basis of on-road energy consumption, fuel economy (FE) of hydrogen fuel cell light-duty vehicles is projected to be 2.5–2.7 times the fuel economy of the conventional gasoline internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV) on the same platforms. Even with a less efficient but higher power density 0.6V per cell than the base case 0.7V per cell at the rated

  15. Nuclear safety and affordable reactors: Can we have both?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Cooper

    2012-01-01

    The cost of building new nuclear reactors receives a great deal of attention in market economies, including the United States, Japan, and Germany. But in a post-Fukushima era of additional safety regulations, the economics of keeping a fleet of aging reactors online may command just as much attention. The author reviews the experience of the US nuclear reactor fleet in

  16. Coal Mine Safety Regulation in China and the USA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew W. Homer

    2009-01-01

    The People's Republic of China (PRC) and the USA are, by long measure, the world's largest producers and consumers of coal. Coal production is inherently risky, and fatalities are unavoidable in these large coal economies. Both countries have developed complex systems of law to regulate coal mine safety. These systems share many attributes. Despite similarities between the separate systems of

  17. Toolbox Safety Talk Machine Shop Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Machine Shop Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Machine shops are an integral part of the Cornell University paths remain unobstructed at all times. Users are required to clean up all chips, dirt, oil, etc

  18. Toolbox Safety Talk Welding & Metal Work Safety

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Welding & Metal Work Safety Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety or harmful emission giving metals. Welding Safety When welding outside of a designated welding booth, ensure injury. Avoid welding on materials such as galvanized or stainless steel in order to minimize toxic fume

  19. Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Hot Work Safety Procedures Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health Section 395 Pine Tree Rd. Suite 210 Ithaca, NY 14850 607.255.8200 5.24.10 Please return sign-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. "Hot Work" is defined as any temporary

  20. Technology and a Global Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From U.S. Democratic Presidential candidates to America's unemployed, people are talking about the global economy and job loss for U.S. workers. Catch phrases like outsourcing, protectionism, free trade and fair trade circulate in conversations and media programs, but what does it all mean? This Topic in Depth reviews some websites that address these issues from different perspectives.This article from Issues in Science and Technology provides an overview of some of the issues and impacts on technology research and scientific training. (1). A good deal of the websites on globalization follow a format similar to this website (2), providing articles, statistics on outsourcing, discussion groups, and generally opposing globalization. This website from the Cato Institute provides another perspective on outsourcing (3), noting that it's "not just a one way street." The World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization (4) takes the perspective that globalization is irreversible and seeks "innovative ways of combining economic, social and environmental objectives, based on worldwide expertise." In some circles, the debate is between "fair trade" and "free trade." This organization (5) provides a definition of fairness, asks others for their views on fairness, and offers some standards for fairness in terms of business practices. The Center for International Development at Harvard University offers this website as "an objective entry point to the many trade-related resources on the internet" (6). Another extensive overview of some of the issues is offered by this Global Issues website (7), which "attempts to highlight some of the misconceptions and unfairness in the current model for global trading, economics and the current form of overly corporate-led globalization." The Globalisation Guide (8) is designed as a resource for students, highlighting some of the key questions to ask as the debate continues.

  1. Teaching New Keynesian Open Economy Macroeconomics at the Intermediate Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bofinger, Peter; Mayer, Eric; Wollmershauser, Timo

    2009-01-01

    For the open economy, the workhorse model in intermediate textbooks still is the Mundell-Fleming model, which basically extends the investment and savings, liquidity preference and money supply (IS-LM) model to open economy problems. The authors present a simple New Keynesian model of the open economy that introduces open economy considerations…

  2. Art Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BCATA Journal for Art Teachers, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Advocating that Canadian art programs should use and model environmentally safe practices, the articles in this journal focus on issues of safe practices in art education. Articles are: (1) "What is WHMIS?"; (2) "Safety Precautions for Specific Art Processes"; (3) "Toxic Substances"; (4) "Using Clay, Glazes, and Kilns Safely in the Classroom"…

  3. Safety First!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longfield, Judith

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author relates how a hands-on chemistry investigation provided her the inspiration to develop an effective safety lesson for her third grade chemistry class. She began the lesson by demonstrating the use of pH indicator paper to show that ordinary household (white) vinegar was an acid. With the students, she wondered aloud…

  4. Asymptotic Safety

    E-print Network

    R. Percacci

    2008-11-18

    Asymptotic safety is a set of conditions, based on the existence of a nontrivial fixed point for the renormalization group flow, which would make a quantum field theory consistent up to arbitrarily high energies. After introducing the basic ideas of this approach, I review the present evidence in favor of an asymptotically safe quantum field theory of gravity.

  5. School Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Newsletter of the Comprehensive Center-Region VI, 1999

    1999-01-01

    The articles in this issue dealing with school safety discusses what rural and small urban settings are doing to prevent violence and to educate young people about prosocial alternatives to violence. The research is quite clear that female, minority, and gay students are the targets of a disproportionate amount of harassment and violence, both in…

  6. Safety Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoot, James L.; Bartkowiak, Elaine T.

    1994-01-01

    Lists 72 organizations and programs that deal with child safety, grouped by the following categories: (1) general; (2) general violence; (3) gun violence; (4) media violence; (5) drugs and alcohol; (6) child abuse and at-risk children; (7) parenting programs; (8) community service programs; (9) leadership programs; (10) peer counseling; (11)…

  7. Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of

    E-print Network

    Carriquiry, Alicia

    Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of vehicles proposed raising the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standard for cars and trucks. In 2004, American cars needed to achieve an average fuel economy of 27.5 miles per gallon (MPG) while light trucks needed

  8. Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4, Oct. 2004.

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    arise out of the structural transformations of our economy, and that the focus of attention shouldDemand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4 the relevance of the demand-side approach to the development of a service economy. Its starts by addressing some

  9. Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three decades of liberal reforms

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three2012 #12;1 Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three decades of liberal reforms* Faruk ÜLGEN 1. Introduction The 2007/08 global financial crisis raises

  10. Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Safety & Prevention

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the NIOSH Website Workplace Safety and Health Topics Industries & Occupations Hazards & Exposures Diseases & Injuries Safety & Prevention Chemicals Emergency Preparedness & Response Publications and Products NIOSH Programs ...

  11. Child safety seats

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to install child safety seats, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration online. ... safety. Pediatrics . 2011; 127(4):e1050-e1066. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Car seats . Accessed March 29, ...

  12. Safety and Liability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berthelot, Ronald J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    This series of five articles highlights Pensacola Junior College's occupational safety course, involving simulated emergencies, Florida's standards for teacher liability, electrical safety in the classroom and laboratory, color coding for machine safety, and Florida industrial arts safety instructional materials. (SK)

  13. Effectiveness Safety Committee

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Increase the Effectiveness of Your Safety Committee Lisa Tobiason An equal opportunity educator 302 Acres. ­ East Campus 338 Acres. #12;UNL Safety Committees · Chancellors University Safety Committee (CUSC). · Unit Safety Committees. ­ Thirty-two active committees representing Lincoln campuses

  14. CPSC Safety Guides

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Neighborhood Safety Network Community Outreach Resource Center CO Poster Contest Toy Recall Statistics Pool Safely Home / Safety ... Guides These free CPSC safety materials include brochures, posters and alerts. CPSC provides free safety alerts, guides, ...

  15. A Product Safety Primer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Mary Anne Symons

    1975-01-01

    The article offers an overview of the product safety issue and offers ideas for helping students develop product safety awareness. The role of the Consumer Product Safety Commission and safety legislation are discussed. (MW)

  16. Child Passenger Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What's this? Submit Button Past Emails CDC Features Child Passenger Safety Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... Pediatrics Child Passenger Safety Technical Report Podcasts on Child Passenger Safety CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety [ ...

  17. BA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    ; Left Parties and Protest Movements; Diplomatic History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict; The PoliticalBA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the political to offer such a programme. www.birmingham.ac.uk/polsis Department of Political Science and International

  18. Education and the Economy: Boosting Maine's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  19. Education and the Economy: Boosting Rhode Island's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  20. Education and the Economy: Boosting Virginia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  1. Education and the Economy: Boosting West Virginia's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  2. ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module -Session 0 1 ESD.70J Engineering Economy

    E-print Network

    Entekhabi, Dara

    session# ­1.xls : setup before the class ­ ESD70session# ­2.xls : reflects all the work done in class ­ Do# ­2.xls to validate your work · Lecture in PDF on course website #12;ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module - Session 0 7 Excel basics Open ESD70session0-1.xls #12;ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module

  3. Education and the Economy: Boosting South Carolina's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  4. Indigenous Economies, Theories of Subsistence, and Women: Exploring the Social Economy Model for Indigenous Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuokkanen, Rauna

    2011-01-01

    The significance of traditional economies in indigenous communities goes beyond the economic realm--they are more than just livelihoods providing subsistence and sustenance to individuals or communities. The centrality of traditional economies to indigenous identity and culture has been noted by numerous scholars. However, today one can detect a…

  5. Education and the Economy: Boosting California's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  6. Education and the Economy: Boosting New Jersey's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  7. Education and the Economy: Boosting New York's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  8. Education and the Economy: Boosting New Hampshire's Economy by Improving High School Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Building on its previous work examining education and the economy, the Alliance for Excellent Education (the Alliance), with generous support from State Farm[R], analyzed the economies of all fifty states and the District of Columbia to determine the economic benefits that states could see by improving high school graduation rates. Using a…

  9. Safety harness

    DOEpatents

    Gunter, Larry W. (615 Sand Pit Rd., Leesville, SC 29070)

    1993-01-01

    A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment, which safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

  10. Safety harness

    SciTech Connect

    Gunter, L.W.

    1991-04-08

    A safety harness to be worn by a worker, especially a worker wearing a plastic suit thereunder for protection in a radioactive or chemically hostile environment. The safety harness comprises a torso surrounding portion with at least one horizontal strap for adjustably securing the harness about the torso, two vertical shoulder straps with rings just forward of the of the peak of the shoulders for attaching a life-line and a pair of adjustable leg supporting straps releasibly attachable to the torso surrounding portion. In the event of a fall, the weight of the worker, when his fall is broken and he is suspended from the rings with his body angled slightly back and chest up, will be borne by the portion of the leg straps behind his buttocks rather than between his legs. Furthermore, the supporting straps do not restrict the air supplied through hoses into his suit when so suspended.

  11. TWRS safety program plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Calderon; Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-01-01

    Management of Nuclear Safety, Industrial Safety, Industrial Hygiene, and Fire Protection programs, functions, and field support resources for Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) has, until recently, been centralized in TWRS Safety, under the Emergency, Safety, and Quality organization. Industrial hygiene technician services were also provided to support operational needs related to safety basis compliance. Due to WHC decentralization of safety

  12. Measuring the Internet Economy: June 6, 2000

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2000-01-01

    In 1999, the Internet economy's revenues rose to over half a trillion dollars, and employment in this sector has grown to directly support 2/476 million workers, according to this site sponsored by Cisco Systems and the University of Texas. June 2000 findings of the Internet Economy Indicators are also presented in the report Measuring the Internet Economy, which examines the Internet economy in layers of indicators. The first layer looks at the Internet infrastructure, which consists of telecommunications companies, Internet carriers, and Internet service providers. The second Indicator, the Internet Applications Infrastructure Indicator, studies Internet software products and services. Layer three, the Internet Intermediary Indicator, includes businesses conducting transactions on the Web, and the final layer, the Internet Commerce Indicator, looks only at companies that conducted Web-based commerce transactions. Each of these layers is carefully explained in the report. The site includes case studies for each of these indicators and offers a Big Picture overview of the Internet economy. Along with these explanations and snapshot views and others, the entire report may be downloaded in .pdf format.

  13. Safety valve

    DOEpatents

    Bergman, Ulf C. (Malmoe, SE)

    1984-01-01

    The safety valve contains a resilient gland to be held between a valve seat and a valve member and is secured to the valve member by a sleeve surrounding the end of the valve member adjacent to the valve seat. The sleeve is movable relative to the valve member through a limited axial distance and a gap exists between said valve member and said sleeve.

  14. Oil and the U.S. Economy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kopits, Steven

    2014-07-01

    To understand the importance of oil, and its role in the dire condition of the global economy--a planetary emergency--three separate issues must be considered: * The condition of the oil supply and its impact on demand * The relationship of the oil supply to the economy * Some thoughts on needed policy changes All three of these matter. If oil is cheap and abundant, then the global economy can prosper, at least in the sense that oil will not be a binding constraint on economic activity. In such a case, a moderately pro-oil policy should be adequate, to the extent that CO2 is not judged a threat to the climate. On the other hand, if the oil supply is struggling to expand, the available substitutes for oil-based transportation fuels are few, and global growth depends on the increased mobility of people and goods, then oil does indeed matter. The article will argue this latter position.

  15. Sanitary engineering and water economy in Europe

    PubMed Central

    Krul, W. F. J. M.

    1957-01-01

    The author deals with a wide variety of aspects of water economy and the development of water resources, relating them to the sanitary engineering problems they give rise to. Among those aspects are the balance between available resources and water needs for various purposes; accumulation and storage of surface and ground water, and methods of replenishing ground water supplies; pollution and purification; and organizational measures to deal with the urgent problems raised by the heavy demands on the world's water supply as a result of both increased population and the increased need for agricultural and industrial development. The author considers that at the national level over-all plans for developing the water economy of countries might well be drawn up by national water boards and that the economy of inter-State river basins should receive international study. In such work the United Nations and its specialized agencies might be of assistance. PMID:13472427

  16. Automotive fuel economy and emissions program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dowdy, M. W.; Baisley, R. L.

    1978-01-01

    Experimental data were generated to support an assessment of the relationship between automobile fuel economy and emissions control systems. Tests were made at both the engine and vehicle levels. Detailed investigations were made on cold-start emissions devices, exhaust gas recirculation systems, and air injection reactor systems. Based on the results of engine tests, an alternative emission control system and modified control strategy were implemented and tested in the vehicle. With the same fuel economy and NOx emissions as the stock vehicle, the modified vehicle reduced HC and CO emissions by about 20 percent. By removing the NOx emissions constraint, the modified vehicle demonstrated about 12 percent better fuel economy than the stock vehicle.

  17. Traffic Safety Culture Center for Transportation Safety

    E-print Network

    The Texas Traffic Safety Culture Survey Center for Transportation Safety November 2010 #12;2 Summary For decades, traffic safety improvements have relied primarily upon engineering nationwide, as measured in the 2010 Traffic Safety Culture Index published by the AAA Foundation for Traffic

  18. Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Employee Safety

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Employee Safety Page 1 To our University an environment for students, faculty, staff, and visitors that will not adversely affect their health and safety task that is unsafe or hazardous. Environmental Health and Instructional Safety can assist departments

  19. An inquiry into the household economy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Samuelson, R. D.

    1979-01-01

    The value of the time which people devote to each activity of their lives is compared with the money they spend on the activity. After tax wage rates are used to value an individual's time. The enormous size of the household economy and the fact that for most activities the value of the consumer's time devoted to an activity exceeds the money expenditures on the activity, suggest that there are many opportunities for productivity improvements in the household economy which have been overlooked in most traditional thinking on productivity.

  20. Teaching Engineering Economy Online in Construction Program

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Alungbe, Gabriel

    The importance of Engineering Economy is very evident as more and more engineering and technology programs are offering it as a required course. The course is very important because most topics covered in it are used everyday in our both personal and professional endeavors. Although students have difficulties with the course when offered in the traditional classroom setting, those difficulties are exasperated when the course is offered online. This paper and/or presentation will highlight personal experiences teaching Engineering Economy online to construction management students.

  1. Hydrogen: Its Future Role in the Nation's Energy Economy.

    PubMed

    Winsche, W E; Hoffman, K C; Salzano, F J

    1973-06-29

    In examining the potential role of hydrogen in the energy economy of the future, we take an optimistic view. All the technology required for implementation is feasible but a great deal of development and refinement is necessary. A pessimistic approach would obviously discourage further thinking about an important and perhaps the most reasonable alternative for the future. We have considered a limited number of alternative energy systems involving hydrogen and have shown that hydrogen could be a viable secondary source of energy derived from nuclear power; for the immediate future, hydrogen could be derived from coal. A hydrogen supply system could have greater flexibility and be competitive with a more conventional all-electric delivery system. Technological improvements could make hydrogen as an energy source an economic reality. The systems examined in this article show how hydrogen can serve as a general-purpose fuel for residential and automotive applications. Aside from being a source of heat and motive power, hydrogen could also supply the electrical needs of the household via fuel cells (19), turbines, or conventional "total energy systems." The total cost of energy to a residence supplied with hydrogen fuel depends on the ratio of the requirements for direct fuel use to the requirements for electrical use. A greater direct use of hydrogen as a fuel without conversion to electricity reduces the overall cost of energy supplied to the household because of the greater expense of electrical transmission and distribution. Hydrogen fuel is especially attractive for use in domestic residential applications where the bulk of the energy requirement is for thermal energy. Although a considerable amount of research is required before any hydrogen energy delivery system can be implemented, the necessary developments are within the capability of present-day technology and the system could be made attractive economically .Techniques for producing hydrogen from water by electrolysis, from coal, and directly from thermal energy could be found that are less expensive than those now available; inexpensive fuel cells could be developed, and high-temperature turbines could be used for the efficient conversion of hydrogen (and oxygen) to electricity. The use of hydrogen as an automotive fuel would be a key factor in the development of a hydrogen energy economy, and safe storage techniques for carrying sufficient quantities of hydrogen in automotive systems can certainly be developed. The use of hydrogen in automobiles would significantly reduce urban pollution because the dispersed fossil fuel emissions would be replaced by radioactive wastes generated at large central stations. The conversion of internal or external combustion engines for combustion of hydrogen fuel would probably have less economic impact on the automotive industry than the mass introduction of electric automobiles. However, this is a subject that requires more detailed study. All of the safety aspects of hydrogen utilization will have to be examined, especially the problems of safety in the domestic use and the long distance transport of hydrogen in pipelines at high pressures. It is our opinion that the various energy planning agencies should now begin to outline the mode of implementing hydrogen energy delivery systems in the energy economy. The initial transition to hydrogen energy derived from available fossil fuels such as coal should be considered together with the long range view of all the hydrogen being derived eventually from nuclear energy. By the year 1985 when petroleum imports may be in excess of the domestic supply, these plans could set the stage for the transition period from fossil to a predominantly nuclear energy economy able to supply abundant synthetic fuels such as hydrogen. Synthetic fuels will obviously be more expensive than fuels now derived from petroleum; however, there may be no other viable choice. Thus, it is essential that the analysis and technological feasibility of a hydrogen energy system be considered now. It is of vi

  2. Safety Grooving

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1985-01-01

    Safety grooving, the cutting of grooves in concrete to increase traction and prevent injury, was first developed to reduce aircraft accidents on wet runways. Represented by the International Grooving and Grinding Association (IG&GA), the industry expanded into highway and pedestrian applications. The technique originated at Langley, which assisted in testing the grooving at airports and on highways. Skidding was reduced, stopping distance decreased, and a vehicle's cornering ability on curves was increased. The process has been extended to animal holding pens, steps, parking lots and other potentially slippery surfaces.

  3. Proposed Revisions to Light Truck Fuel Economy Standard (released in AEO2006)

    EIA Publications

    2006-01-01

    In August 2005, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published proposed reforms to the structure of CAFE standards for light trucks and increases in light truck Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for model years 2008 through 201. Under the proposed new structure, NHTSA would establish minimum fuel economy levels for six size categories defined by the vehicle footprint (wheelbase multiplied by track width), as summarized in Table 3. For model years 2008 through 2010, the new CAFE standards would provide manufacturers the option of complying with either the standards defined for each individual footprint category or a proposed average light truck fleet standard of 22.5 miles per gallon in 2008, 23.1 miles per gallon in 2009, and 23.5 miles per gallon in 2010. All light truck manufacturers would be required to meet an overall standard based on sales within each individual footprint category after model year 2010.

  4. Safety Characteristics of LBE Cooled Long-Life Small Reactor, 'LSPR'

    SciTech Connect

    Hiroshi Sekimoto [Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Shinichi Makino [Nissan Motor Co., LTD., 1, Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-shi, Kanagawa 237-8523 (Japan)

    2002-07-01

    Lead bismuth eutectic (LBE) shows a good performance on neutron economy, and LBE cooled fast reactor can be designed as an excellent long-life small reactor. LBE is good not only for neutron economy but for chemical inertness and high boiling point, which may realize a much safer reactor than conventional sodium-cooled reactor. We have designed such a long-life small reactor and name it LSPR. This paper presents safety characteristics of LSPR. (authors)

  5. Essays on Industrial Organization and Political Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camara, Odilon Roberto VG de a

    2009-01-01

    This thesis presents three essays on industrial organization and political economy. In the first essay, I show how the attributes of a managerial workforce affect firms' placement decisions and wage offers, and managers' quit decisions. My OLG model features two division managers and a CEO, where each executive may be at a different point in his…

  6. Micro-Foundations of Urban Agglomeration Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilles Duranton; Diego Puga

    2003-01-01

    This handbook chapter studies the theoretical micro-foundations of urban agglomeration economies. We distinguish three types of micro-foundations, based on sharing, matching, and learning mechanisms. For each of these three categories, we develop one or more core models in detail and discuss the literature in relation to those models. This allows us to give a precise characterisation of some of the

  7. Micro-foundations of urban agglomeration economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gilles Duranton; Diego Puga

    This handbook chapter studies the theoretical micro- foundations of urban agglomeration economies. We distinguish three types of micro-foundations, based on sharing, matching, and learning mechanisms. For each of these three categories, we develop one or more core models in detail and discuss the liter- ature in relation to those models. This allows us to give a precise characterisation of some

  8. Location of slaughterhouses under economies of scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Broek van den JJJ; Peter Schütz; Leen Stougie; Asgeir Tomasgard

    2006-01-01

    The facility location problem described in this paper comes from an in- dustrial application in the slaughterhouse industry of Norway. Investigations show that the slaughterhouse industry experiences economies of scale in the production facilities. We examine a location-allocation problem focusing on the location of slaughterhouses, their size and the allocation of animals in the dierent farming districts to these slaughterhouses.

  9. The Political Economy of Global Outsourcing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chanchal Kumar Sharma

    2004-01-01

    What is outsourcing and why India is being considered as BPO destination of the world? Why jobs are coming to India and why there is a downturn in the US economy and loss of jobs in that country. Even though these are two different things that happened simultaneously, they sadly managed to be mixed up. Academicians are groping to understand

  10. A political economy of community policing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David E. Barlow; Melissa Hickman Barlow

    1999-01-01

    Places recent trends in policing in the USA into historical context, emphasizing the critical importance of political, economic, and social forces on the formation and development of police institutions and practices. Specifically, this paper describes four major developments in policing in relation to the US political economy: pre-industrial police, industrial police, modern police, and postmodern police. Each of these developments

  11. Entrepreneurship and regulation: dynamics and political economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. W. Lee

    1991-01-01

    Three dynamic, descriptive models of the economy are studied in which entrepreneurship and regulation are interdependent. These models, adapted from population biology, capture Baumol's observation that economic regulations are used by entrepreneurs against entrepreneurs and therefore should be made an endogenous variable in a theory of the supply of entrepreneurship. The models differ in the number of competitive processes admitted,

  12. The Emerging Chinese economy & its Global Impacts

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    : China's Food Security: Domestic and International Implications Prof. Bob Ash, SOAS 5 March: Urbanisation in China: How it could affect the Chinese economy and the World Dr. Le-Yin Zhang, UCL 12 March: Informalisation of Labour Markets in China Dr. Sarah Cook & Dr. Stephanie Barrientos, IDS Venue: Arts C175 (GRC

  13. Matching and Inequality in the World Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arnaud Costinoty; Jonathan Vogel

    2010-01-01

    This paper develops tools and techniques to analyze the determinants of factor allocation and factor prices in economies with a large number of goods and factors. The main results of our paper characterize sufficient conditions for robust monotone comparative statics predictions in a Roy-like assignment model. These general results are then used to generate new insights about the consequences of

  14. Russia's Integration into the World Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfram Schrettl

    The paper discusses the foreign trade, capital movement, mi- gration, and, somewhat more extensively, the institutional dimen- sions of Russia's integration into the world economy. Possible implications of the sheer size of the Russian nation are outlined. It is argued that the desire to avoid a break-up of the nation may necessitate excessive centralization. Also discussed are some specific aspects

  15. T. R. Malthus: Principles of Political Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. R. Malthus

    Published in two volumes or as a set this provides a definitive scholarly variorum edition of Malthus's Principles of Political Economy. It contains the full text of the first 1820 edition, including Malthus's own invaluable 70-page summary, and contains details of all the additions, omissions and emendations that occurred between the first and the second, posthumous, edition of 1836. The

  16. Library Automation in a Difficult Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeding, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    The downturn in the economy has taken its toll on libraries. Even in the best of times, most libraries have to work with budgets that are barely adequate to support their essential activities. In these recent months, the recession has subtracted significant funds from the parent organizations of many libraries: city, county, and state governments;…

  17. The essence of global political economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick McNutt

    1996-01-01

    Evaluates the interplay between market forces and political realities as the economies of Europe become part of a new global order. Capital is becoming more mobile and business increasingly international and borderless. Modern management seek opportunities to reduce costs of production. The transnational firm (TNC), a globally integrated organizational network, has emerged in this global search for low-cost production bases.

  18. The Political Economy Program: An Informal Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    The political economy program at Williams College is described. This program is a joint major drawing upon the political science and economics departments and is designed to give those who enter public service, business or law a grasp of the governmental and economic environment within which they will have to operate. It also may give those who…

  19. Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    In this chapter we build on the observation that island economies, and especially small ones (population below one within larger countries. Indonesia, for example, contains over 18,000 islands, of which around 6,000 are inhabited. Of that country's population of somewhere between 200 and 250 million, the great majority

  20. Independent Regulatory Agencies in Emerging Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gul Sosay; Unal Zenginobuz

    2005-01-01

    While the diffusion of independent regulatory agencies (IRAs) across economically advanced countries has attracted much scholarly attention in recent years, systematic work on their spread across developing countries is still scarce. In an effort to address this gap in literature, this paper aims to analyze the diffusion of regulatory agencies in emerging economies in Latin America, Asia, and Central and

  1. The Interwar Economy in a European Mirror

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry Eichengreen

    1991-01-01

    This paper surveys the economic history of Britain during the interwar years. It contrasts developments in Britain with developments elsewhere in Europe and asks in what respects was British experience distinctive. Successive sections examine the economic consequences of World War I, the performance of the interwar economy, and the legacy of interwar experience for the postwar period.

  2. Labor and the Economy in 1973

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defina, Catherine C.

    1974-01-01

    A review of the economy in 1973 includes coverage of price controls and freezes; monetary and fiscal policy; unemployment collective bargaining (apparel, railroads, rubber, electrical equipment, postal, trucking, automobiles); strikes; legal developments (employment discrimination and legislation); union developments (indictment, farm ferment,…

  3. Auftaktveranstaltung Grndungschancen in der Green Economy

    E-print Network

    Mouritsen, Henrik

    Oldenburg am 25.06.2014 von 15.00 bis 19.00 Uhr Die Green Economy ist ein starker Motor für junge, ADT Bundesverband der deutschen Innovations und Gründerzentren sowie der EXISTGründerhoch schule Carl verschiedenste Förderer und Unterstützer werden als Teilnehmer erwartet. Veranstalter: Carl von Ossietzky

  4. The Economy of a Lucky Country.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Tony

    1984-01-01

    Australia has one of the highest standards of living in the world. Agriculture, grazing, and mining are the mainstays of the country's economy. Since the end of World War II, Australia has developed an advanced industrial base that manufactures a wide range of goods, from automobiles to clothespins. (RM)

  5. Fuel economy of multigrade gear lubricants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Bala; G. Brandt; D. K. Walters

    2000-01-01

    The paper discusses the setup of a light duty axle efficiency test in evaluating gear lubricants for their fuel economy performance. Data collected with an internal reference oil highlight the repeatability of the test in different axles. Comparisons between single grade SAE 90 to multigrade gear lubricants were made under a variety of pinion torques and speeds to simulate highway

  6. Your Institution in a Global Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freund, William

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author offers his reflections on the American economy and its "slow, gradual, and tedious" recovery. What the American people are experiencing now is not one of the ordinary recessions that have been experienced since World War II. What they have seen is a bursting of a bubble in the credit markets and in financial…

  7. Apparel Graduate Course Focuses on Global Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warnock, Mary M.

    2006-01-01

    Students at all levels of study must understand the impact and consequences of globalization. Because of technology innovations, integration of world economies through trade and cash flows, and the movement of people from one location to another, the world is becoming flatter. Based on this growing need to study globalization, a graduate course,…

  8. Oil, the global economy and tourism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susanne Becken

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The availability and price of oil are intimately linked to the global economy and as a result to tourism. This paper aims to present the results from research on tourism and oil, undertaken with a particular focus on New Zealand as a long-haul destination in the light of dwindling global oil resources. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The findings of four

  9. THE IMPACT OF KNAPWEED ON MONTANA'S ECONOMY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven A. Hirsch; Jay A. Leitch

    1996-01-01

    The economic impact of three invasive, exotic weeds--diffuse, spotted, and Russian knapweed (Centaurea diffusa, C. maculosa, and Acroptilon repens)--on Montana's economy was estimated using a procedure developed for another invasive weed species. Published data and that from a survey of county weed boards were used to estimate direct negative impacts of over $14 million annually due to infestation of over

  10. The BP Oil Spill: Economy versus Ecology

    E-print Network

    Merchant, Carolyn

    The BP Oil Spill: Economy versus Ecology By Carolyn Merchant University of California, Berkeley. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill on April 20, 2010 is a striking example of the conflict between two sciences the oikos. In response to the 1969 Union Oil spill in Santa Barbara, California, thousands of demonstrators

  11. Postsecondary Responses to a Changing Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charner, Ivan; Rolzinski, Catherine

    Postsecondary education's responses to economic change are discussed, based on 22 projects supported by the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE). After identifying common themes of the FIPSE "Education and Economy Alliance" projects, new directions for postsecondary education are considered, along with policy concerns.…

  12. Fuel economy of hybrid fuel cell vehicles.

    SciTech Connect

    Ahluwalia, R.; Wang, X.; Rousseau, A.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2004-01-01

    The potential improvement in fuel economy of a mid-size fuel-cell vehicle by combining it with an energy storage system has been assessed. An energy management strategy is developed and used to operate the direct hydrogen, pressurized fuel-cell system in a load-following mode and the energy storage system in a charge-sustaining mode. The strategy places highest priority on maintaining the energy storage system in a state where it can supply unanticipated boost power when the fuel-cell system alone cannot meet the power demand. It is found that downsizing a fuel-cell system decreases its efficiency on a drive cycle which is compensated by partial regenerative capture of braking energy. On a highway cycle with limited braking energy the increase in fuel economy with hybridization is small but on the stop-and-go urban cycle the fuel economy can improve by 27%. On the combined highway and urban drive cycles the fuel economy of the fuel-cell vehicle is estimated to increase by up to 15% by hybridizing it with an energy storage system.

  13. BRINGING AROUND REAL CHANGE JOBS. ECONOMY. ENVIRONMENT.

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    BRINGING AROUND REAL CHANGE JOBS. ECONOMY. ENVIRONMENT. INNOVATIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY FINANCE stewardship of public resources BENEFIT LOCAL COMMUNITY THROUGH JOB CREATION BENEFITS OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY emissions from atmosphere Create 45,000 new jobs and $7.5B in economic stimulus Build a truly great

  14. The Future Models of Arab Political Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masudul Alam Choudhury

    2011-01-01

    Three distinct models of political economy are articulated in this article to chart out the possible politico-economic futures of the Arab World. Of these, the present predicaments of the revolutionizing Arab populace are argued to have been caused by the continuance of the wrong social choices. It depended for a long time now on the alienating model of differentiation and

  15. Does a Hydrogen Economy Make Sense?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulf Bossel

    2006-01-01

    The establishment of a sustainable energy future is one of the most pressing tasks of mankind. With the exhaustion of fossil resources the energy economy will change from a chemical to an electrical base. This transition is one of physics, not one of politics. It must be based on proven technology and existing engineering experience. The transition process will take

  16. Selling sex in the shadow economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teela Sanders

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to examine, from a global macro perspective, the relationships between commercial sex, regulatory system and shadow economies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on eight years of research in the sex industries and literature from other sources that explore the nuances of the economic and social organisation of the sex markets in different countries. Findings –

  17. Employment Policy in the Global Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Eddy; And Others

    1995-01-01

    This special issue on employment policy in the global economy looks at macroeconomic policies and employment, institutional requirements for full employment, the world trade system, foreign investment, the marginalism of Africa, productivity enhancing policies, influence of information and communication technology, industrialized countries, and…

  18. States economy consumes 25% of the

    E-print Network

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    The United States economy consumes 25% of the energy used worldwide each year to support the U continues to increase. Oil consumption by the United States is increasing 4% per year, India by 8% per year, and China ­ funded by a $200 billion annual trade sur- plus with the United States ­ by 31% per year

  19. The Political Economy of North American Indians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, John H., Ed.

    This book presents 12 papers that proceed from the idea that Native American history in the United States and Canada is best understood not as an Indian-European cultural conflict but as an economic conflict between communal and capitalist modes of production. Three chapters are of particular educational interest. "Political Economy in…

  20. Preparing Leaders for the New Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broad, Eli

    2001-01-01

    Of three reinvention avenues (market forces, limited competition, and systemic change), the last offers most hope for public schoolchildren. The new economy's most precious resource is people, not technology. Like the Broad Foundation, schools should enlist talented people, redefine roles, build leadership capacity, provide incentives for results,…

  1. Valid Knowledge: The Economy and the Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Peter John

    2007-01-01

    The future of Western universities as public institutions is the subject of extensive continuing debate, underpinned by the issue of what constitutes "valid knowledge". Where in the past only propositional knowledge codified by academics was considered valid, in the new economy enabled by information and communications technology, the procedural…

  2. Oil price fluctuations and Singapore economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Youngho Chang; Joon Fong Wong

    2003-01-01

    This study finds that the impact of an oil price shock on the Singapore economy is marginal. Both impulse response and variance decomposition analysis provide reasonable grounds to believe that the impact only had an insignificant adverse effect on Singapore's gross domestic product (GDP), inflation and unemployment rates. Further analysis on two oil vulnerability measures supports the finding: the declining

  3. Oil price fluctuations and the Nigerian economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Felix Ayadi

    2005-01-01

    The single most important issue confronting a growing number of world economies today is the price of oil and its attendant consequences on economic output. Several studies have taken the approach of Hamilton (1983) in investigating the effect of oil price shocks on levels of gross domestic product. The focus of this paper is primarily on the relationship between oil

  4. OIL PRICE SHOCKS AND NIGERIA'S MACRO ECONOMY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eme O. Akpan

    A steep upward trend in the price of crude oil in recent years, reaching a record nominal high in mid-2008, has led to increasing concern about its macroeconomic implications, both abroad and in Nigeria given that the Nigerian economy is highly vulnerable to oil price fluctuations. This paper analyses the dynamic relationship between oil price shocks and major macroeconomic variables

  5. Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Friedrich Schneider; Dominik H. Enste

    2000-01-01

    Using various methods, the size of the shadow economy in 76 developing, transition, and OECD countries is estimated. Average size varies from 12 percent of GDP for OECD countries, to 23 percent for transition countries and 39 percent for developing countries. Increasing taxation and social security contributions combined with rising state regulations are driving forces for the increase of the

  6. Responding to Diverse Needs of Changing Economies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johanson, Richard K.

    Among the most important needs of changing economies is the need to respond to technological changes, economic restructuring, and labor market changes. Although formal vocational training schools do not usually respond well to changing economic circumstances, nonformal and proprietary or private institutions usually are highly responsive to the…

  7. Thriving locally in the global economy.

    PubMed

    Kanter, Rosabeth Moss

    2003-08-01

    More and more small and midsize companies are joining corporate giants in striving to exploit international growth markets. At the same time, civic leaders worry about their communities' economic future in light of the impact of global forces on the operation and survival of business. How can communities retain local vitality yet still link their business to the global economy? Harvard professor Rosabeth Moss Kanter addresses that question in this classic HBR article, orginally published in 1995. To avoid a clash between international economic interests and local political interests, globalizing business must learn how to be responsive to the communities in which they operate, Kanter says. And communities must determine how to create a civic culture that will attract and retain footloose companies. The author surveyed five U.S. regions with direct connections to the global economy--Boston, Cleveland, Miami, Seattle, and the Spartanburg-Greenville region of South Carolina--to determine their business and civic leader's strategies for improving their constituent's quality of life. She identified ways in which the global economy can work locally by capitalizing on the resources that distinguish one place from another. Kanter argues that regions can invest in capabilities that connect their local populations to the global economy in one of three ways: as thinkers, makers, or traders. She points to the Spartanburg-Greenville region as a good example of a world-class makers, with its exceptional blue-collar workforce that has attracted more than 200 companies from 18 countries. The history of the economic development of this region is a lesson for those seeking to understand how to achieve world-class status and bring local residents into the world economy. PMID:12884672

  8. Abraham Lincoln and the global economy.

    PubMed

    Hormats, Robert D

    2003-08-01

    Abraham Lincoln would have well understood the challenges facing many modern emerging nations. In Lincoln's America, as in many developing nations today, sweeping economic change threatened older industries, traditional ways of living, and social and national cohesion by exposing economies and societies to new and powerful competitive forces. Yet even in the midst of the brutal and expensive American Civil war--and in part because of it--Lincoln and the Republican Congress enacted bold legislation that helped create a huge national market, a strong and unified economy governed by national institutions, and a rising middle class of businessmen and property owners. Figuring out how to maximize the benefits of globalization while minimizing its disruptions is a formidable challenge for policy makers. How do you expand opportunities for the talented and the lucky while making sure the rest of society doesn't fall behind? It may be helpful to look at the principles that informed the policies that Lincoln and the Republican Congress instituted after they came to power in 1861: Facilitate the upward mobility of low- and middle-income groups to give them a significant stake in the country. Emphasize the good of the national economy over regional interests. Affirm the need for sound government institutions to temper the dynamics of the free enterprise system. Tailor policies to the national situation. Realize that a period of turmoil may present a unique opportunity for reform. These principles drove the reforms that helped Americans cope with and benefit from rapid technological advances and the fast integration of the American economy in the nineteenth century. They may be instructive to today's policy makers who are struggling to help their own citizens integrate into the fast-changing global economy of the twenty-first century. PMID:12884668

  9. Poverty agency and class in the urban economy Andrew Cumbers

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Poverty agency and class in the urban economy Andrew Cumbers Andrew.Cumbers@ges.gla.ac.uk A growing underclass in changing city economies has been inadequately theorised and researched in urban geography

  10. The mixed economy in China: through rhetorical perspective

    E-print Network

    Yuan, Yuchun

    2004-11-15

    Mixed economies gradually emerge in many countries. China is no exception. China's traditional planned economy system is limited to state-owned enterprises, which are undergoing reform. In the private sector, the market system has begun to play a...

  11. 49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...d) are the maximum feasible standards for model years 2022-2025. If, for...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon...

  12. 49 CFR 531.5 - Fuel economy standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...d) are the maximum feasible standards for model years 2022-2025. If, for...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon 1978...Corporation. Average Fuel Economy Standard Model year Miles per gallon...

  13. The mixed economy in China: through rhetorical perspective 

    E-print Network

    Yuan, Yuchun

    2004-11-15

    Mixed economies gradually emerge in many countries. China is no exception. China's traditional planned economy system is limited to state-owned enterprises, which are undergoing reform. In the private sector, the market system has begun to play a...

  14. 75 FR 55739 - Cybersecurity, Innovation and the Internet Economy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ...0660-XA18 Cybersecurity, Innovation and the Internet Economy AGENCY: National Telecommunications...SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce's Internet Policy Task Force announces that the...commercial sector and innovation in the Internet economy has been extended until 5...

  15. 76 FR 34965 - Cybersecurity, Innovation, and the Internet Economy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-15

    ...Cybersecurity, Innovation, and the Internet Economy AGENCY: Office of the Secretary...Department of Commerce's (Department) Internet Policy Task Force is conducting a comprehensive...between cybersecurity and innovation in the Internet economy. On July 28, 2010, the...

  16. EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION

    E-print Network

    Bolch, Tobias

    Page | 0 EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION _________________ Risk, Safety & Security 3333 University Way to be acquainted with the safety program, welcome! Risk, Safety & Security at UNBC is dynamic. With more than 3 worksite and safe work procedures which pertain to your job. The role of the Risk and Safety Office

  17. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY ORIENTATION HANDBOOK Environmental Health and Safety Office safety Environmental Health & Safety Committee 494-2495 (Phone) Dalhousie Emergencies (Security, Police, Fire Education Occupational Health and Safety Division 424-5400 or 1-800-952-2687 (Phone) 424-5640 (Fax) http

  18. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    MARYLAND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY and HEALTH ACT safety and health protection on the job STATE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS, AND OTHER APPLICABLE REGULATIONS MAY BE OBTAINED FROM 19106-3309 The Maryland Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1973 provides job safety and health

  19. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuel Economy Testing at the U.S. EPA National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (SAE Paper 2004-01-2900)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The introduction of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and their new technology has created the need for development of new fuel economy test procedures and safety procedures during testing. The United States Environmental Protection Agency-National Vehicle Fuels and Emissions Laborato...

  20. Fuel economy screening study of advanced automotive gas turbine engines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klann, J. L.

    1980-01-01

    Fuel economy potentials were calculated and compared among ten turbomachinery configurations. All gas turbine engines were evaluated with a continuously variable transmission in a 1978 compact car. A reference fuel economy was calculated for the car with its conventional spark ignition piston engine and three speed automatic transmission. Two promising engine/transmission combinations, using gasoline, had 55 to 60 percent gains over the reference fuel economy. Fuel economy sensitivities to engine design parameter changes were also calculated for these two combinations.

  1. The Role of Research in the New Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dennis Tsichritzis

    2001-01-01

    It is increasingly becoming clear that there is no separate new Economy. The new Economy is an integral part of the old Economy.\\u000a It does not operate with completely new rules. On the other hand, it is also widely accepted that there is another type of\\u000a Economy which is taking shape. The same happened in Art at the beginning of

  2. Electrical Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kuphaldt, Tony R.

    All About Circuits is a website that â??provides a series of online textbooks covering electricity and electronics.â?ť Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, the textbooks available here are wonderful resources for students, teachers, and anyone who is interested in learning more about electronics. This specific section, Electrical Safety, is the third chapter in Volume I. Topics covered in this chapter include: shock current path, Ohmâ??s law, safe practices, emergence response, safe circuit design, safe meter usage, and electric shock data. Diagrams and detailed descriptions of concepts are included throughout the chapter to provide users with a comprehensive lesson. Visitors to the site are also encouraged to discuss concepts and topics using the All About Circuits discussion forums (registration with the site is required to post materials).

  3. Propeller Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    With over 412,000 members, the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) continues to work for the issues that are important to its members. One area that they are very concerned with is providing educational materials and opportunities for those persons who would like to enter the aircraft maintenance field. They are continuingly updating their online collection of technical primers and general overviews. One particular noteworthy publication is their "Propeller Safety" manual. Within the document's 12 pages, visitors can learn the basics about working around the propeller, prop mechanics, and key maintenance matters. Along the way, interested parties will find helpful graphics, photographs, and visual aids that will help them identify various problem areas.

  4. Herbal Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In the past decade, there has been an increased interest in herbal medicines and treatments, both from the mainstream medical community and the general public. One need look no further than the cold drink section of the local supermarket to see the various herbal supplements that are prominently displayed on many drink labels. In an effort to provide critical evaluations of these various herbs and related products, the University of Texas at El Paso has created this important website in order to disseminate information about research findings related to herbal use and to provide these findings in both English and Spanish. There are a number of very helpful fact sheets presented here, including those that the deal with such commonly used medicinal herbs and plants, such as ginseng, chamomile, pumpkin seeds, and St. John's Wort. The Herbal Safety site also contains information on recent medical studies that examine the effectiveness of such medicinal treatments.

  5. Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULR *

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULRÉ * Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne of the concept of a New Economy. This construct, which first began to appear in the media in the mid-1990s that is associated with it, express an extremely optimistic view of the future of the U.S. economy, and are best

  6. The Russian Economy in the Year 2005. Grard Roland

    E-print Network

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    1 The Russian Economy in the Year 2005. by Gérard Roland UC Berkeley #12;2 1. Introduction Since contradictory signals about the health of the Russian economy and its future. One has observed a fall in real the same year. Has the Russian economy lost its momentum with the crackdown on Yukos? Is it headed

  7. Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy

    E-print Network

    Pezzey, Jack

    Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy JOHN PEZZEY EEN0203 #12;Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy John C. V. Pezzey Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies Australian National.K. Draft of 23 January 2002 Abstract. Exact optimal paths are calculated for a closed economy with human

  8. A G E N D A Fuel Economy &

    E-print Network

    Tennessee, University of

    A G E N D A Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Seminar SPEAKERS Rich Cregar, Wake Technical Program Jonathan Overly 8:4510:15 ­ Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Technologies & Practices Rich Cregar 10:1510:30 ­ Break 10:3010:55 ­ FuelEconomy.gov & increasing Fuel Efficiency Robert

  9. INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ECON/INST 325 Spring 2014

    E-print Network

    Carter, John

    1 INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ­ ECON/INST 325 Spring 2014 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Meenakshi Rishi: International political economy (IPE) is a study that synthesizes methods and theories of economics, politics and power in the global economy. It covers various traditional theories and critical perspectives

  10. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Global Political Economy

    E-print Network

    Weyde, Tillman

    PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Global Political Economy programme in Global Political Economy at City University, you will engage in advanced study of various MA degree in global political economy with a mixture of core courses covering general concepts

  11. THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES Effie Philippakos

    E-print Network

    Florida, University of

    i THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES By Effie Philippakos Alan W. Hodges David Mulkey Charles M. Adams Abstract This report is intended to characterize the economies of Manatee and Sarasota-county region. The overall size and seasonal variations in the economies of Manatee and Sarasota Counties were

  12. 42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

  13. Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy

    E-print Network

    Niebur, Ernst

    Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy Thomas A. Lubik Department supply which is empirically quite small. In principle, this link can be broken in a multisectoral economy sectors. This paper reinterprets this line of reasoning in a small open economy with a traded and a non

  14. 42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

  15. 42 CFR 440.370 - Economy and efficiency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Economy and efficiency. 440.370 Section...Benchmark-Equivalent Coverage § 440.370 Economy and efficiency. Benchmark and benchmark-equivalent...limits, procurement requirements and other economy and efficiency principles that would...

  16. The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL

    E-print Network

    Abramson, David

    The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL Invited Paper This paper economy as a metaphor for effective management of resources and appli- cation scheduling. It identifies distributed resource management challenges and requirements of economy-based Grid systems, and discusses

  17. The Initiation of Homeless Youth into the Street Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Gostnell, Karla; Smolenski, Carol; Willis, Brian; Nish, David; Nolan, Theresa C.; Tharaken, Maya; Ritchie, Amanda S.

    2009-01-01

    Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15-23) were recruited from four community-based…

  18. Varieties of Capitalism and Employment Relations: Informally Dominated Market Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PAULINE DIBBEN; COLIN C. WILLIAMS

    2012-01-01

    The varieties of capitalism and employment relations literature have largely focused on formally regulated market economies, with a general neglect of the informal economy and of emerging markets where this work arrangement is dominant. In this article, however, the intention is to propose the Informally Dominated Market Economy as a form of capitalism that could be usefully incorporated into the

  19. Are standards Effective in Improving Automobile Fuel Economy?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sofronis Clerides; Theodoros Zachariadis

    2006-01-01

    There is an intense debate over whether fuel economy standards or fuel taxation is the more appropriate policy instrument to raise fuel economy and reduce CO2 emissions of cars. The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of standards and fuel prices in new car fuel economy with the aid of cross-section time series analysis of data from

  20. Political Economies of Health: A Consideration for International Nursing Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Michael A.; Drummond, John S.

    2008-01-01

    This article introduces and explores the concept of political economy. In particular it focuses upon the political economy of health while also considering the implications for international nursing studies in the context of health care more generally. Political economy is not only about budgets, resources and policy. It is also about particular…

  1. The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally

    E-print Network

    Hall, Sharon J.

    The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally Wednesday, April 3, 2013 12:00 ­ 1:30 p.m. Wrigley and Executive Director, Local First Arizona Small Business Owner The economy isn't something far away purchasing habits can improve the local economy, create jobs, and contribute recirculating dollars

  2. Economic Reform and Environmental Performance in Transition Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Hughes; M. Lovei

    1999-01-01

    Most global economy and environmental watchers expect the transition to a market economy to yield environmental benefits. The changing incentives that a market economy introduces should foster more efficient production, better use of resources, and increased community input. The advanced reformers of the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries proved this to be the case. They improved energy efficiency and

  3. Water Safety Quiz

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Disaster or Emergency › Types of Emergency › Water Safety Water Safety Quiz Trivia quiz loading... Please enable javascript. Stay Safe around Water Download water safety tips in English or Spanish ...

  4. Skidder Safety and Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Skidder Safety and Efficiency: A Discussion Leader's Guide #12;Skidder Safety and Efficiency. Goerlich, District Program Leader, Central District Bryan Wagner, Trainer, Forestry Mutual Insurance to accompany the Skidder Safety and Efficiency training DVD available from Virginia Cooperative Extension www

  5. ETE Electrical Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This resource is a collection of safety topics that may be discussed in electrical safety meetings or classes. Topics include fuse removal, GFCIs, electrical shock, first aid, LOTO, PPE, fire safety, and hazardous locations.

  6. Environmental Health and Safety

    E-print Network

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Environmental Health and Safety Approved by Document No. Version Date Replaces Page EHS EHS). 1. INTRODUCTION I was informed of McGill's Health & Safety Policies, including: Laboratory Responsibilities Health & Safety Internal Responsibility System Personal Protective Equipment Policy Accident

  7. Workplace Safety and Health

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-03-02

    An index of information on workplace hazards, illnesses, injuries, and safety compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Includes information on biosafety, chemical safety, and electrical safety.

  8. Medical Device Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E- ... this page Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section ...

  9. Pool & Spa Safety Act

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Safely > The Pool & Spa Safety Act The Pool & Spa Safety Act Download the Act 2008 Pool & Spa ... Act Format: PDF The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act (P&SS Act) was enacted by Congress ...

  10. Paper Shredder Safety Alert

    MedlinePLUS

    Paper Shredder Safety Alert Consumer model paper shredders are very popular. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission ( ... offers the following safety tips when using a paper shredder: ? Never allow children to operate paper shredders, ...

  11. 76 FR 31467 - Guide Concerning Fuel Economy Advertising for New Automobiles

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-01

    ...Part 259 Guide Concerning Fuel Economy Advertising for New Automobiles AGENCY: Federal...to its Guide Concerning Fuel Economy Advertising for New Automobiles (``Fuel Economy...1975 to prevent deceptive fuel economy advertising for new automobiles and to...

  12. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & SAFETY EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION

    E-print Network

    PREPAREDNESS 26740 FIRE PREVENTION Burnaby: 23867 Surrey: FS Vancouver: Ops FIRE SAFETY PLANS 23011 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EMERGENCY RESPONSE 27264 HAZMAT DOOR SIGNAGE 27265 INCIDENT INVESTIGATION Supervisors, Safety Planner 26740 Associate Advisor Emergency Planning (Emergency Planning, Fire Evacuation) 28632 EHS OFFICE

  13. LNG safety, safety regulations and public perception

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, J.P.; Outtrim, P.A. [Project Technical Liaison Associates, Inc., Spring, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Although the subjects of safety, safety regulations and public perception are relatively separate, they should be discussed within the context of their total impact on the owner`s operation. The safety of LNG is a major issue both on an absolute safety basis and perceived safety basis. Public and regulatory perception are the dominant factors in the development of regulations and issue of permits. A safe operation includes protection of the public, plant personnel, investment in facilities and continued operation. In addition, protection of the company from litigation and regulatory restraint are also considerations. The paper discusses general safety considerations, safety regulation considerations, storage and impoundment, transport, odorization, personnel training, recent OSHA and EPA rule making activities, and recent research and progress in LNG safety.

  14. National Ag Safety Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A national central repository of agricultural health, safety, and injury prevention materials for the agricultural community and especially for agricultural safety specialists. Spanish materials are included.

  15. Farm Health and Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... jobs in the United States. Farms have many health and safety hazards, including Chemicals and pesticides Machinery, ... equipment can also reduce accidents. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  16. Scope on Safety: Sun Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ken Roy

    2007-11-01

    So, what does "sun safety" have to do with middle school science teachers, especially during the winter months? With the movement toward hands-on science and environmentally oriented curricula, more students and teachers in science classes are doing fieldwork in the sun year round. Unfortunately, many people still believe winter equates to little or no UV exposure. This is just not so. It does not matter what time of year, nor where you are--UV radiation is there and can be a danger. This month's column provides strategies for middle school science teachers to protect themselves and their students from exposure to the UV rays of the sun. In addition, some UV and health facts are included.

  17. Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Safety

    E-print Network

    Houston, Paul L.

    Information: Department: Building: Room: Lab Phone: #12;Environmental Health & Safety Office of Radiological Supervisor I shall notify the Laser Safety Officer in writing of my intention to move my laser/laser lab or disposal of lasers in my lab(s). 8. I have read and understand the Georgia Tech Laser Safety Policy Manual

  18. Safety & You Annual Security & Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Hu, Hui

    Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. The report includes: campus and community crime statistics, fire Crime Statistics 16 Fire Safety 18 Fire Drills 18 Fire Alarms 19 Fire Safety Systems 20 Fire Education statistics, policies, safety tips, resource phone numbers, and a brief overview of the many services

  19. Safety analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knight, John C.

    1995-01-01

    We are engaged in a research program in safety-critical computing that is based on two case studies. We use these case studies to provide application-specific details of the various research issues, and as targets for evaluation of research ideas. The first case study is the Magnetic Stereotaxis System (MSS), an investigational device for performing human neurosurgery being developed in a joint effort between the Department of Physics at the University of Virginia and the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Iowa. The system operates by manipulating a small permanent magnet (known as a 'seed') within the brain using an externally applied magnetic field. By varying the magnitude and gradient of the external magnetic field, the seed can be moved along a non-linear path and positioned at a site requiring therapy, e.g., a tumor. The magnetic field required for movement through brain tissue is extremely high, and is generated by a set of six superconducting magnets located in a housing surrounding the patient's head. The system uses two X-ray cameras positioned at right angles to detect in real time the locations of the seed and of X-ray opaque markers affixed to the patient's skull. the X-ray images are used to locate the objects of interest in a canonical frame of reference. the second case study is the University of Virginia Research Nuclear Reactor (UVAR). It is a 2 MW thermal, concrete-walled pool reactor. The system operates using 20 to 25 plate-type fuel assemblies placed on a rectangular grid plate. There are three scramable safety rods, and one non-scramable regulating rod that can be put in automatic mode. It was originally constructed in 1959 as a 1 MW system, and it was upgraded to 2 MW in 1973. Though only a research reactor rather than a power reactor, the issues raised are significant and can be related to the problems faced by full-scale reactor systems.

  20. Advancing Knowledge and the Knowledge Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The attention paid to the burgeoning "knowledge economy" continues to grow, particularly within the halls of higher education, the federal government, and in the private sector. This past January, the National Science Foundation (in collaboration with other institutions) convened a conference designed "to broaden and deepen common understanding of how difficult-to-measure knowledge resources drive an increasing virtualized economy and to assess prospects for advancing and regenerating knowledge infrastructure, institutions, and policies." While the conference itself is finished, users interested in these themes will appreciate this site, which offers some material about these various issues, along with material on the program itself and the work presented there. After examining these background materials, visitors will want to peruse the draft papers presented at the conference, which deal with networks of knowledge, measuring knowledge, and knowledge clusters.

  1. City of Ideas: Reinventing Boston's Innovation Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-03-14

    The Boston Foundation has worked for over a century to improve the lives of Boston-area residents through its investigations into the housing market, economic development, and the future of public schools. This 56-page report on Boston's innovation economy was released in March 2012, and it looks into how Boston will remain competitive in a range of 21st century industries over the coming years. In the introduction to the work, Paul S. Grogan, CEO of The Boston Foundation, notes that "Macro-economic trends have not been kind to households on the low end of the economic ladder" and "Our second challenge is the degree to which rising health care costs have outpaced our investment in education." Moving on, curious readers will find chapters in the paper titled "A New Paradigm for Boston's Innovation Economy" and "Possible Scenarios for Boston in 2030." Public policy types and others will find this work to be quite interesting and thought-provoking.

  2. A Glossary of Political Economy Terms

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Johnson, Paul M.

    Authored by Paul M. Johnson, political scientist at Auburn University, this Website serves as an excellent online reference for students of political economy. There are over 200 definitions here of relevant terms, including capitalism, communism, market economy, tariff, supply side economics, law of supply and demand, macroeconomics, and many more. The entries feature hypertext links to related terms in the glossary. Definitions range from a concise sentence to a brief essay depending on the topic. Communism, for instance, receives well over a full frame; capitalism is defined in a few sentences. Nonetheless, the definitions seem to be without any definite political bias and more-than-adequate for students in high school and undergraduate courses as well as, of course, for the merely curious.

  3. The token economy: an evaluative review1

    PubMed Central

    Kazdin, Alan E.; Bootzin, Richard R.

    1972-01-01

    Token economies have been applied in a wide range of settings. While there are several advantages to the use of this procedure, there are obstacles that may impede its implementation and therapeutic efficacy. These include: staff training, client resistance, circumvention of the contingencies, and non-responsiveness of subjects. Studies employing token programs with psychiatric patients, retardates, children in classroom settings, delinquents, and autistic children are reviewed. Although token economies are successful while in operation, the issue of generalization of behavior gains or resistance to extinction has not been given careful consideration. Inasmuch as generalization is perhaps the most crucial issue, several procedures are presented that are designed to facilitate maintenance of performance when reinforcement is withdrawn. Methodological suggestions for investigations on token reinforcement in applied settings are presented. PMID:16795358

  4. [VOCs tax policy on China's economy development].

    PubMed

    Liu, Chang-Xin; Wang, Yu-Fei; Wang, Hai-Lin; Hao, Zheng-Ping; Wang, Zheng

    2011-12-01

    In this paper, environmental tax was designed to control volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions. Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model was used to explore the impacts of environmental tax (in forms of indirect tax) on the macro-economy development at both national and sector levels. Different levels of tax were simulated to find out the proper tax rate. It is found out that imposing environmental tax on high emission sectors can cause the emission decreased immediately and can lead to negative impacts on macro-economy indicators, such as GDP (gross domestic products), total investment, total product and the whole consumption etc. However, only the government income increased. In addition, the higher the tax rate is, the more pollutants can be reduced and the worse economic effects can be caused. Consequently, it is suggested that, the main controlling policies of VOCs abatement should be mandatory orders, and low environmental tax can be implemented as a supplementary. PMID:22468510

  5. Capacity planning in a transitional economy: What issues? Which models?

    SciTech Connect

    Mubayi, V.; Leigh, R.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bright, R.N. [Anylec Research, Inc., Bayport, NY (United States)

    1996-03-01

    This paper is devoted to an exploration of the important issues facing the Russian power generation system and its evolution in the foreseeable future and the kinds of modeling approaches that capture those issues. These issues include, for example, (1) trade-offs between investments in upgrading and refurbishment of existing thermal (fossil-fired) capacity and safety enhancements in existing nuclear capacity versus investment in new capacity, (2) trade-offs between investment in completing unfinished (under construction) projects based on their original design versus investment in new capacity with improved design, (3) incorporation of demand-side management options (investments in enhancing end-use efficiency, for example) within the planning framework, (4) consideration of the spatial dimensions of system planning including investments in upgrading electric transmission networks or fuel shipment networks and incorporating hydroelectric generation, (5) incorporation of environmental constraints and (6) assessment of uncertainty and evaluation of downside risk. Models for exploring these issues include low power shutdown (LPS) which are computationally very efficient, though approximate, and can be used to perform extensive sensitivity analyses to more complex models which can provide more detailed answers but are computationally cumbersome and can only deal with limited issues. The paper discusses which models can usefully treat a wide range of issues within the priorities facing decision makers in the Russian power sector and integrate the results with investment decisions in the wider economy.

  6. Maintaining Financial Stability in a Global Economy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has made available the papers presented at the "Maintaining Financial Stability in a Global Economy" symposium. The aim of the symposium is to explore "options for public authorities in adapting policies to keep financial systems safe and efficient, and to discuss response mechanisms to financial crises." The papers presented here look at the causes of financial instability, why policymakers should be concerned about financial instability, lessons from recent financial crises, and policies for maintaining financial stability.

  7. Persistence and Success in the Attention Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fang Wu; Bernardo A. Huberman

    2009-01-01

    A hallmark of the attention economy is the competition for the attention of\\u000aothers. Thus people persistently upload content to social media sites, hoping\\u000afor the highly unlikely outcome of topping the charts and reaching a wide\\u000aaudience. And yet, an analysis of the production histories and success dynamics\\u000aof 10 million videos from \\\\texttt{YouTube} revealed that the more frequently

  8. The hydrogen economy of 2050: OTEC driven?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe Van Ryzin; Patrick Grandelli; David Lipp; Richard Argall

    2005-01-01

    A technical and economic model of numerous future Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion plants serviced by shuttle tankers was compared with other future energy sources described by U.S. Dept of Energy's Hydrogen Economy documents. OTEC is more expensive than coal or nuclear power sources, but is comparable to land-based renewable energy sources. The system's high capacity factor, land-use avoidance and reasonable

  9. New constitutionalism, democratisation and global political economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Gill

    1998-01-01

    Constitutional revision is a feature of the 1990s. Specifically, this involves initiatives to politically ‘lock in’ neo?liberal reforms. These initiatives serve to secure investor freedoms and property rights for transnational enterprises. Yet students of international political economy have paid surprisingly little attention to the constitutional aspects of global restructuring. Thus this essay analyses the new constitutionalism of disciplinary neo?liberalism, understood

  10. Fuel economy of hybrid fuel cell vehicles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Ahluwalia; X. Wang; A. Rousseau

    2004-01-01

    The potential improvement in fuel economy of a mid-size fuel-cell vehicle by combining it with an energy storage system has been assessed. An energy management strategy is developed and used to operate the direct hydrogen, pressurized fuel-cell system in a load-following mode and the energy storage system in a charge-sustaining mode. The strategy places highest priority on maintaining the energy

  11. Big shortfall in auto fuel economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. J. CARTER

    1979-01-01

    Automobile fuel-economy improvements are supposed to provide the major energy savings in the 1980's, but the DOE claims that Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ratings overstate actual road-condition savings. The shortfall could amount to as much as one million barrels of oil a day and offset the new domestic production from North Slope oil fields and synthetic fuel plants. The fuel

  12. Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies

    E-print Network

    Hansen, Lars Peter

    .7.6. Growth with homoskedastic noise. 2.7.7. Growth with heteroskedastic noise. 2.7.8. Second order vector Costs. 4.9. Altered `growth condition'. 4.10. A Jones-Manuelli economy. 4.11. Durable consumption goods.5.3. Technology. 7.6. Models of Occupational Choice and Pay. 7.6.1. A one-occupation model. 7.6.2. Skilled

  13. Toward Code Evolution by Artificial Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric B. Baum; Igor Durdanovic

    \\u000a We have begun exploring code evolution by artificial economies. We implemented a reinforcement learning machine called Hayek2\\u000a consisting of agents, written in a machine language inspired by Ray’s Tierra, that interact economically. The economic structure\\u000a of Hayek2 addresses credit assignment at both the agent and meta levels. Hayek2 succeeds in evolving code to solve Blocks\\u000a World problems, and has been

  14. Analyses of Information and Energy Segments of the Iranian and Indian Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. A. Banouei; M. J. Mamaghani; A. M. Swaminathan; J. Banouei; M. Mohagheghi

    This paper analyses the interdependence between information and energy segments of the Iranian and Indian economies. The Iranian economy is an energy-based resource exporting economy and the Indian economy is a non-resource energy importing economy. Despite the diversified structure, informatization of the two economies appears to be a common goal for structural changes in the two countries. The main objective

  15. Factors Affecting Informal Economy of Rural Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonenc, Sertac; Tanrivermis, Harun

    In this study, the informal economy in the rural areas of Turkey has been measured and factors affecting the informal economy have been analyzed. The informal economy has been discussed with regards to three main issues, namely unpaid household labor force usage, own consumption of crop and animal products and informal sales. Although the household labor force is mainly used in farms for agricultural and off-farm activities, the rate of idle labor has been found to be highly significant. It has been found that milk has the largest share of animal produce values consumed by the household, while particularly processed milk products are sold informally and that the consumption and sales values of animal produce processed in the households are required to be added to the unrecorded value calculation. Consumption of crops varies depending on the type of product. The own consumption ratio of crops is affected by the size of the enterprise, the number of individuals in the households and particularly the access to the markets of the enterprises in each region. An average informal value of 6,400.04 USD has been calculated per household, which is higher than the farm income, accounting for 4/5 of total household income. This can be attributed to the fact that the farms are generally small family enterprises with limited market-access opportunities.

  16. SAFETY AND THE Office of Environmental Health and Instructional Safety

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    SAFETY AND THE SUPERVISOR Office of Environmental Health and Instructional Safety #12;Safety to University safety, health, and environmental compliance strategies. Every employee is entitled to a safe standard practices, and administering your overall safety, health, and environmental responsibilities

  17. EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS SAFETY PROCEDURES

    E-print Network

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    -8400 OCCUPATIONALAND ENvIRONMENTAL MEDICINE ­ NON-EMERGENCY #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETY Electrical devices must be properly ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL SAFETY/CLINICAL ENGINEERING #12;ELECTRICAL SAFETYEMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY PROCEDURES Revised January 2010 BU Boston University Medical

  18. Electrical safety programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kim Eastwood; Danny Liggett; Erling Hesla

    2002-01-01

    An electrical safety program is a plan designed so that neither,workplace conditions, nor the actions of people, expose personnel unnecessarily to electrical hazards. Employers should develop and implement an electrical safety program to give overall safety directions for facility activities related to electrical work. Effective electrical safety programs are a major key in preventing electrical incidents.

  19. Materials Safety Data Sheets

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) MSDS contain chemical hazard information about substances compounds and solvents. MSDS data can be accessed from the following URLs http://www.ehs.umass.edu/ http://www.chem.umass.edu/Safety the "Important Safety Sites for the University" link to reach a variety of safety related information, including

  20. Environmental Health and Safety

    E-print Network

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Environmental Health and Safety EHS-FORM-022 v.1.1 Page 1 of 1 Laboratory safety self NA Radioactive materials [MNI Radiation Safety Manua ]l MNI: contact Christian Janicki christian.janicki@mcgill.ca 8888-43866 ANSI (American National Standards Institute) Class 3b or 4 lasers Biological safety

  1. School Bus Safety Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    This publication provides a summary and update of school bus-safety activities conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). This report discusses Congressional mandates and NHTSA's actions to improve school-bus safety (which include programs that affect human behavior and motor-vehicle safety performance), the magnitude…

  2. Does a robotic scrub nurse improve economy of movements?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wachs, Juan P.; Jacob, Mithun; Li, Yu-Ting; Akingba, George

    2012-02-01

    Objective: Robotic assistance during surgery has been shown to be a useful resource to both augment the surgical skills of the surgeon through tele-operation, and to assist the surgeon handling the surgical instruments to the surgeon, similar to a surgical tech. We evaluated the performance and effect of a gesture driven surgical robotic nurse in the context of economy of movements, during an abdominal incision and closure exercise with a simulator. Methods: A longitudinal midline incision (100 mm) was performed on the simulated abdominal wall to enter the peritoneal cavity without damaging the internal organs. The wound was then closed using a blunt needle ensuring that no tissue is caught up by the suture material. All the instruments required to complete this task were delivered by a robotic surgical manipulator directly to the surgeon. The instruments were requested through voice and gesture recognition. The robotic system used a low end range sensor camera to extract the hand poses and for recognizing the gestures. The instruments were delivered to the vicinity of the patient, at chest height and at a reachable distance to the surgeon. Task performance measures for each of three abdominal incision and closure exercises were measured and compared to a human scrub nurse instrument delivery action. Picking instrument position variance, completion time and trajectory of the hand were recorded for further analysis. Results: The variance of the position of the robotic tip when delivering the surgical instrument is compared to the same position when a human delivers the instrument. The variance was found to be 88.86% smaller compared to the human delivery group. The mean task completion time to complete the surgical exercise was 162.7+/- 10.1 secs for the human assistant and 191.6+/- 3.3 secs (P<.01) when using the robotic standard display group. Conclusion: Multimodal robotic scrub nurse assistant improves the surgical procedure by reducing the number of movements (lower variance in the picking position). The variance of the picking point is closely related to the concept of economy of movements in the operating room. Improving the effectiveness of the operating room can potentially enhance the safety of surgical interventions without affecting the performance time.

  3. Food safety challenges--a Pakistan's perspective.

    PubMed

    Akhtar, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    Biological, chemical, and physical contamination of foods is a terrifying threat for the health and economic growth in developing societies. Rampantly available literature on foodborne illnesses especially diarrhea among children exclusively depicts the intensified disease burden associated with foodborne illness in the underdeveloped economies. Prevalence of many pathogens in several foods is commonplace in Pakistan. Precise estimates for foodborne illnesses in Pakistan are hard to make because of the absence of any monitoring, surveillance, and infection control. Poor processing and storage of milk, cereal grains, and nuts are a major cause of aflatoxin contamination and mold proliferation. Numerous studies manifest a multitude of foods to be contaminated with heavy metals. Escalating population growth limits the economic potential of the individual and the state through a tendency among the traders and manufacturers to intentionally debase food commodities offered for sale to make profit at the cost of their quality and safety. Therefore, a growing trend of adulteration in foods during the recent past, particularly adulteration of milk, poses a pressing challenge for the government. This review is a concerted attempt to elucidate the prevailing food safety scenario in Pakistan. Information derived from local and related international studies will be presented to clearly depict a picture of food safety in Pakistan. It is proposed that an extensive food safety infrastructure leading to a safer supply of foods needs to be devised, designed, and implemented. PMID:24915401

  4. SEAS Safety Program SEAS SAFETY PROGRAM 2012-2103

    E-print Network

    Safety Administrative Support · Linn Eichler & Christie Gilliland Safety Inspection Support · Lab Safety #12;SEAS Safety ProgramSEAS Safety Program Services Provided to SEAS Research Labs · Annual Lab Safety · Relay relevant information back to your lab group · Report incidents to SEAS safety committee · Attend

  5. Persistence and Success in the Attention Economy

    E-print Network

    Wu, Fang

    2009-01-01

    A hallmark of the attention economy is the competition for the attention of others. Thus people persistently upload content to social media sites, hoping for the highly unlikely outcome of topping the charts and reaching a wide audience. And yet, an analysis of the production histories and success dynamics of 10 million videos from \\texttt{YouTube} revealed that the more frequently an individual uploads content the less likely it is that it will reach a success threshold. This paradoxical result is further compounded by the fact that the average quality of submissions does increase with the number of uploads, with the likelihood of success less than that of playing a lottery.

  6. Novel reinforcement in a token economy system

    E-print Network

    Simpson, Janice A.; Simpson, Richard L.

    1975-01-01

    ; ; SPlifeS® vgm ' , .?• V A - iSlMli mmmsm & TIX 117: Novel Reinforcement in a Token Economy System Janice A. Simpson is Demonstra t ion Teacher at the Chi ldren 's Rehabil i tat ion Uni t , Universi ty of Kansas Medical Center , Kansas City. Richard... adjective meets the first two les- son objectives. If a student cannot think of words to describe his character, he may ask another student or look up a word in the dictionary. Whatever his choice, he will add new words to his vocabulary. IMPROVING...

  7. Reterritorialisation of economies and institutions: The rise of the Sydney basin economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phillip Oneill; Pauline McGuirk

    2005-01-01

    This paper is an account of institutional and spatial shifts in the Sydney basin economy that coalesce around Australia's current, long period of prosperity. The paper briefly sources this prosperity, noting the key shifts towards the financial and professional services sectors that accompany it. This material is then used to make the argument that two reterritorialisation processes underpin Australia's—and Sydney's—contemporary

  8. The Knowledge Economy and Innovation: Certain Uncertainty and the Risk Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullen, Elizabeth; Fahey, Johannah; Kenway, Jane

    2006-01-01

    The knowledge economy is a dominant force in today's world, and innovation policy and national systems of innovation are central to it. In this article, we draw on different sociological and economic theories of risk to engage critically with innovation policy and national systems of innovation. Beck's understanding of a risk society, Schumpeter's…

  9. Construction delays in a fast-growing economy: Comparing Thailand with other economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vithool Jearkjirm

    1996-01-01

    Construction delays impact the time and cost of projects. A survey of the delays experienced in highrise building construction projects in Bangkok, Thailand, was undertaken and the result compared with other studies of delays and overruns around the world to determine whether there are special problems that generate delays for construction in developing economies. Resource supply problems were by far

  10. ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module -Session 1 1 ESD.70J Engineering Economy

    E-print Network

    Entekhabi, Dara

    Economy Module - Session 1 8 Course Materials · Excel spreadsheets ­ ESD70session# ­1.xls : setup before the class ­ ESD70session# ­2.xls : reflects all the work done in class ­ Do the exercises with me best way to learn · Cells marked as are for you to fill ­ Refer to the ESD70session# ­2.xls to validate your work

  11. On the distinction between open and closed economies.

    PubMed Central

    Timberlake, W; Peden, B F

    1987-01-01

    Open and closed economies have been assumed to produce opposite relations between responding and the programmed density of reward (the amount of reward divided by its cost). Experimental procedures that are treated as open economies typically dissociate responding and total reward by providing supplemental income outside the experimental session; procedures construed as closed economies do not. In an open economy responding is assumed to be directly related to reward density, whereas in a closed economy responding is assumed to be inversely related to reward density. In contrast to this predicted correlation between response-reward relations and type of economy, behavior regulation theory predicts both direct and inverse relations in both open and closed economies. Specifically, responding should be a bitonic function of reward density regardless of the type of economy and is dependent only on the ratio of the schedule terms rather than on their absolute size. These predictions were tested by four experiments in which pigeons' key pecking produced food on fixed-ratio and variable-interval schedules over a range of reward magnitudes and under several open- and closed-economy procedures. The results better supported the behavior regulation view by showing a general bitonic function between key pecking and food density in all conditions. In most cases, the absolute size of the schedule requirement and the magnitude of reward had no effect; equal ratios of these terms produced approximately equal responding. PMID:3625103

  12. Tourism & Urban Development: Building Local Economies & Sense of Place

    E-print Network

    Tourism & Urban Development: Building Local Economies & Sense of Place - Greenwoods Corner - Simon, tourism must sustain and enhance local quality of life ­ "Communities will work for tourism if tourism

  13. Evaluation of automobile safety regulations: The case of compulsory seat belt legislation in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John A. C. Conybeare; C. CONYBEARE

    1980-01-01

    A basic tenet of the “new conservatism” in political economy is that government policies frequently lead to unintended consequences which may offset the benefits of the policy. Auto safety legislation may be a case in point. As the first country to make the wearing of seat belts compulsory, Australia is highly suitable as a case study. Traffic accident casualties were

  14. Safety System Design Concept and Performance Evaluation for a Long Operating Cycle Simplified Boiling Water Reactor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenji Arai; Seijiro Suzuki; Mikihide Nakamaru; Hideaki Heki

    2003-01-01

    The long operating cycle simplified boiling water reactor is a reactor concept that pursues both safety and the economy by employing a natural circulation reactor core without a refueling, a passive decay heat removal, and an integrated building for the reactor and turbine. Throughout the entire spectrum of the design basis accident, the reactor core is kept covered by the

  15. Teaching Science: Lab Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Before entering the world of pipettes and Geiger counters, budding scientists will need to know about lab safety. Science educators will benefit from this laboratory safety site, developed by Professor Norman Herr, who teaches at California State University, Northridge. On his site, Professor Herr provides topically organized links that fall into the areas of safety standards, chemical hazards, chemical storage, and five other relevant topics. Within each section, visitors will find links to state safety standards, sample laboratory safety contracts, and fact sheets on chemical hazards. One potentially delightful classroom activity is the laboratory safety "scavenger hunt". Through this activity, students will learn about storage requirements, chemical risks, and other potential delicate matters.

  16. Space engine safety system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maul, William A.; Meyer, Claudia M.

    1991-01-01

    A rocket engine safety system is designed to initiate control procedures which will minimize damage to the engine and vehicle or test stand in the event of an engine failure. This report describes the features and the implementation issues associated with rocket engine safety systems. Specific concerns of safety systems applied to a space-based engine and long duration space missions are discussed. Examples of safety system features and architectures are given from recent safety monitoring investigations conducted for the Space Shuttle Main Engine and for future liquid rocket engines. Also, a general design and implementation process for rocket engine safety systems is presented.

  17. SNTP environmental, safety, and health

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harmon, Charles D.

    1993-01-01

    Viewgraphs on space nuclear thermal propulsion (SNTP) environmental, safety, and health are presented. Topics covered include: program safety policy; program safety policies; and DEIS public hearing comments.

  18. Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety

    E-print Network

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain fields will rapidly accelerate any magnetic material towards the magnet. § Magnetic material is commonly

  19. Toolbox Safety Talk Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    to as "Material Safety Data Sheets" (MSDS), communicate important information regarding the hazards of chemical techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire. Section 6. Accidental release measures: lists emergency-in sheet to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Chemical manufacturers are required to produce

  20. The deregulated global economy: women workers and strategies of resistance.

    PubMed

    Hale, A

    1996-10-01

    This article discusses the lack of input from women in international debates about the global economy. Women in the South are the most vulnerable to exploitation and most ignored in international discussions of how to protect fair labor standards. Restructuring has led to loss of secure jobs in the public sector and the expansion of female employment in low-paid, insecure, unskilled jobs. Businesses desire a cheap and flexible workforce. Declines in social services, the elimination of subsidies on basic goods, and the introduction of user fees puts pressure on women to supplement family income. A parallel outcome is reduced employment rights, neglect of health and safety standards, and increased disregard among women for their domestic responsibilities. There is a need for alternative models of development. The Self-Employed Women's Organization in India serves as a model for resisting exploitation among self-employed and home-based employees. Female industrial strikers are demanding attention to excessive hours of work, enforced overtime, bullying, and lack of sanitary and medical facilities. There is always fear that organized resistance will lead to industrial relocation or loss of jobs. The International Labor Organization has had a code for 20 years, but the threat of exposure to the press is sometimes more effective. There must be regulation throughout subcontracting chains of transnational companies. International alliances should revolve around issues/strategies identified by workers. International alliances are needed for influencing multinational companies and national governments and lobbying global economic and financial institutions. Standards that are included in social clause discussions are minimum requirements that do not address gender-specific issues. Women Working Worldwide is developing a position statement of social clauses that incorporates a women's perspective. PMID:12347718

  1. Safety Management Practices in Small and Medium Enterprises in India

    PubMed Central

    Unnikrishnan, Seema; Iqbal, Rauf; Singh, Anju; Nimkar, Indrayani M.

    2014-01-01

    Background Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are often the main pillar of an economy. Minor accidents, ergonomics problems, old and outdated machinery, and lack of awareness have created a need for implementation of safety practices in SMEs. Implementation of healthy working conditions creates positive impacts on economic and social development. Methods In this study, a questionnaire was developed and administered to 30 randomly chosen SMEs in and around Mumbai, Maharashtra, and other states in India to evaluate safety practices implemented in their facilities. The study also looked into the barriers and drivers for technology innovation and suggestions were also received from the respondent SMEs for best practices on safety issues. Results In some SMEs, risks associated with safety issues were increased whereas risks were decreased in others. Safety management practices are inadequate in most SMEs. Market competitiveness, better efficiency, less risk, and stringent laws were found to be most significant drivers; and financial constraints, lack of awareness, resistance to change, and lack of training for employees were found to be main barriers. Conclusion Competition between SMEs was found to be major reason for implementation of safety practices in the SMEs. The major contribution of the study has been awareness building on safety issues in the SMEs that participated in the project. PMID:25830070

  2. ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety

    E-print Network

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, HEALTH, AND QUALITY DIVISION Chapter 42: Subcontractor Safety Quick Start managers (FCMs and SMs), procurement specialists, Environment, Safety, and Health (ESH) coordinators, Environment, Safety, Health, and Quality (ESHQ) Division representatives, and subcontractor management

  3. Water safety and drowning

    MedlinePLUS

    ... among people of all ages. Learning and practicing water safety is important to prevent drowning accidents. ... Water safety tips for all ages include: Learn CPR. Never swim alone. Never dive into water unless ...

  4. Hazmat Safety Community

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    US Department of Transportation (US Department of Transportation)

    2012-01-05

    This website created by the US Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, provides information on hazardous materials, regulations, safety advisory notices, training, as well as additional information.

  5. State Highway Safety Laws

    MedlinePLUS

    State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

  6. Security vs. Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    1999-01-01

    Provides administrative advice on how some safety experts have made college campuses safer and friendlier without breaking the budget. Tips on security and advice on safety management that encompasses the whole environment are highlighted. (GR)

  7. Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Safety Mistakes Text Size: A A A Dangerous Food Safety Mistakes Sometimes a simple mistake can have ... proven to cause serious illness. Mistake #1: Tasting food to see if it’s still good Why: You ...

  8. Household Safety: Preventing Drowning

    MedlinePLUS

    ... a child, it's a good idea to: Learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the Heimlich maneuver. Keep the following numbers ... Accidents Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs Water Safety CPR Getting Help: Know the Numbers Babysitting: Pool Safety ...

  9. Animal Drug Safety FAQs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Health and Human Services FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration Protecting and Promoting Your Health A to ... Animal & Veterinary Safety & Health Frequently Asked Questions Animal Drug Safety Frequently Asked Questions I gave my dog ...

  10. Lawn Mower Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... mower blades. 5. Make sure that protective guards, shields, the grass catcher, and other types of safety ... fitting clothes, safety goggles or glasses with side shields, and hearing protection. 2. Watch for objects that ...

  11. Practice Hospital Bed Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... this page: Beware of Entrapment Guidance Entrapment Zones Fire Prevention Home Use Safety Tips What is a ... or unnecessarily restricted," he says. back to top Fire Prevention Fire is a rare safety risk associated ...

  12. Lecture notes for criticality safety

    SciTech Connect

    Fullwood, R.

    1992-03-01

    These lecture notes for criticality safety are prepared for the training of Department of Energy supervisory, project management, and administrative staff. Technical training and basic mathematics are assumed. The notes are designed for a two-day course, taught by two lecturers. Video tapes may be used at the options of the instructors. The notes provide all the materials that are necessary but outside reading will assist in the fullest understanding. The course begins with a nuclear physics overview. The reader is led from the macroscopic world into the microscopic world of atoms and the elementary particles that constitute atoms. The particles, their masses and sizes and properties associated with radioactive decay and fission are introduced along with Einstein`s mass-energy equivalence. Radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, radiation penetration, shielding and health-effects are discussed to understand protection in case of a criticality accident. Fission, the fission products, particles and energy released are presented to appreciate the dangers of criticality. Nuclear cross sections are introduced to understand the effectiveness of slow neutrons to produce fission. Chain reactors are presented as an economy; effective use of the neutrons from fission leads to more fission resulting in a power reactor or a criticality excursion. The six-factor formula is presented for managing the neutron budget. This leads to concepts of material and geometric buckling which are used in simple calculations to assure safety from criticality. Experimental measurements and computer code calculations of criticality are discussed. To emphasize the reality, historical criticality accidents are presented in a table with major ones discussed to provide lessons-learned. Finally, standards, NRC guides and regulations, and DOE orders relating to criticality protection are presented.

  13. Lecture notes for criticality safety

    SciTech Connect

    Fullwood, R.

    1992-03-01

    These lecture notes for criticality safety are prepared for the training of Department of Energy supervisory, project management, and administrative staff. Technical training and basic mathematics are assumed. The notes are designed for a two-day course, taught by two lecturers. Video tapes may be used at the options of the instructors. The notes provide all the materials that are necessary but outside reading will assist in the fullest understanding. The course begins with a nuclear physics overview. The reader is led from the macroscopic world into the microscopic world of atoms and the elementary particles that constitute atoms. The particles, their masses and sizes and properties associated with radioactive decay and fission are introduced along with Einstein's mass-energy equivalence. Radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, radiation penetration, shielding and health-effects are discussed to understand protection in case of a criticality accident. Fission, the fission products, particles and energy released are presented to appreciate the dangers of criticality. Nuclear cross sections are introduced to understand the effectiveness of slow neutrons to produce fission. Chain reactors are presented as an economy; effective use of the neutrons from fission leads to more fission resulting in a power reactor or a criticality excursion. The six-factor formula is presented for managing the neutron budget. This leads to concepts of material and geometric buckling which are used in simple calculations to assure safety from criticality. Experimental measurements and computer code calculations of criticality are discussed. To emphasize the reality, historical criticality accidents are presented in a table with major ones discussed to provide lessons-learned. Finally, standards, NRC guides and regulations, and DOE orders relating to criticality protection are presented.

  14. Agriscience Shop Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mr. Creel

    2011-11-02

    After completing this project, you should be able to pass the Shop Safety Test, allowing you to participate in the Agriscience Shop. Before you are allowed into the shop, you are required to pass a Shop Safety Test. The tools that follow will help you prepare for the test. Use the Shop Safety Chart that Mr. Creel gave you in class to take notes on important safety rules. OSHA is the "governmental ...

  15. DOE handbook electrical safety

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  16. Electrical safety guidelines

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  17. Safety Instrumented Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steve Gillespie; I. Eng

    Summary: In an increasingly multidisciplinary engineering environment, and in the face of ever increasing system complexity, there is a growing need for all engineers and technicians involved in process engineering to be aware of the implications of designing and operating safety-related systems. This includes knowledge of the relevant safety standards. Safety Instrumented Systems play a vital role in providing the

  18. Traffic Safety Research Contact

    E-print Network

    Latino Traffic Safety Initiative Research Contact: Katie Womack kwomack@tamu.edu tti will outnumber Caucasians in Texas by 2020. These converging realities underscore the need for a traffic safety for a traffic safety focus on the future majority population. · Motor vehicle traffic crashes are the leading

  19. EHS Online Safety Training

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This page from Oklahoma State University provides access to a number of occupational safety modules. All modules are available to view online, and some include PowerPoint or Microsoft Word documents as well. Topics include electrical safety, lockout/tagout, safety data sheets, asbestos and bloodborne pathogens.

  20. Electrical safety by design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Mohla; L. B. McClung; N. R. Rafferty

    1999-01-01

    This paper defines and emphasizes the concept of “Safety by Design” and outlines suggestions for consideration and application by designers, engineers, manufacturers and users of low, medium and high voltage power equipment as well as control equipment to enhance the safety of personnel, equipment and facility. The “Safety by Design” concept encourages all concerned to consider and optimize design ideas

  1. Refocusing Electrical Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danny Liggett

    2006-01-01

    Electrical safety needs to be refocused. Over the last few years, there has been tremendous attention given to the arc flash hazard phenomenon. Even though this hazard needs attention to reduce the number of injuries occurring because of it, in some ways, it has become the predominate focus of electrical safety. Electrical safety is more than just the arc flash

  2. DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY

    E-print Network

    DOE HANDBOOK ELECTRICAL SAFETY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 by a qualified worker to determine the required safety-related work practices. When an electrical hazard exists for enhanced worker safety. #12;Page 5 of 139 3.2 ELECTRICAL HAZARDS There are numerous injury mechanisms from

  3. Refocusing electrical safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Liggett

    2004-01-01

    Electrical safety needs to be refocused. Over the last few years there has been tremendous attention given to the arc flash hazard phenomenon. Even though this hazard needs attention to reduce the number of injuries occurring because of it in some ways it has become the predominate focus of electrical safety. Electrical safety is more than just the arc flash

  4. Recognizing Safety and Liveness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bowen Alpern

    1986-01-01

    This paper substantiates that experience by formalizing safety and liveness in a way that permits the relationship between safety and invariance and between liveness and wellfoundedness to be demonstrated for a large class of properties. In so doing, we give new characterizations of safety and liveness and prove that they satisfy the formal definitions in [Alpera & Schneider 85a

  5. Nuclear Reactor Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Bales; R. Boshears

    1996-01-01

    Nuclear Reactor Safety (NRS), published monthly, is a collection of abstracts of worldwide information available on all safety-related aspects of reactors, including accident analysis, safety systems, radiation protection, decommissioning and dismantling, and security measures. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database during the

  6. Environmental Health & Safety

    E-print Network

    Environmental Health & Safety Sub Department Name 480 Oak Rd, Stanford, CA 94305 T 650.723.0448 F 650.725.3468 DEPUTY DIRECTOR, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY Exempt, Full-Time (100% FTE) Posted May 1, 2014 The Department of Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S) at Stanford University seeks

  7. Protection and Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School Board Journal, 1964

    1964-01-01

    Several aspects of school safety and protection are presented for school administrators and architects. Among those topics discussed are--(1) life safety, (2) vandalism controlled through proper design, (3) personal protective devices, and (4) fire alarm systems. Another critical factor in providing a complete school safety program is proper…

  8. School Bus Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stroup, Karen Bruner; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Equipment to allow safe transportation of disabled children is reviewed. Such equipment includes infant car seats, child safety seats, safety vests, and accommodations for children in casts and/or braces. Five principles for evaluation and selection of safe seating options are given as are safety rules and information on standards and resources.…

  9. Annual Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Liebling, Michael

    2014 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Santa Barbara Fire Marshals) requires that certain information pertaining to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current. #12; 2 9/19/14 HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY ACT INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool

  10. Annual Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Liebling, Michael

    2013 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Santa Barbara Fire Marshals) requires that certain information pertaining to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current. #12; 2 9/19/13 HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY ACT INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool

  11. Fire Safety Educational Material.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohn, Bert M.

    The state of the art of home fire safety educational material was reviewed to prepare a bibliography of home fire safety educational materials available from major public and private sources. Sources contacted were: National Fire Protection Association, National Safety Council, U.S. government agencies, private publishers and film distributors,…

  12. Annual Fire Safety Report

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    2010 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Irvine HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current or perspective students and employees be reported INTRODUCTION Fire Safety is an essential tool in protecting a campus community from injuries, deaths, business

  13. Fire Safety to Students

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Danh

    Guide to Teaching Fire Safety to Students with Disabilities Prepared under DHS/FEMA's Grant Program Directorate for Assistance to Firefighters Grant Program ­ Fire Prevention and Safety Grants EMW-2009-FP-01110;Guide to Teaching Fire Safety to Students with Disabilities Michael H. Minger Foundation (www

  14. Highway Safety Program Manual: Volume 14: Pedestrian Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    Volume 14 of the 19-volume Highway Safety Program Manual (which provides guidance to State and local governments on preferred highway safety practices) concentrates on pedestrian safety. The purpose and objectives of a pedestrian safety program are outlined. Federal authority in the area of pedestrian safety and policies regarding a safety program…

  15. Graduate Diploma in Occupational Safety &

    E-print Network

    of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science GRADUATE Understanding your Degree: This programme: · Safety and Health Legislation · Health and Safety Management · OSH Research Literature ReviewGraduate Diploma in Occupational Safety & Health/MSc in Occupational Safety & Health UCD School

  16. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ ________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    Knowles, David William

    _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ ________ Training Program EHS 281 ­ Laser Safety Retraining Course Syllabus Subject Category: Laser Safety Course Prerequisite: None Course Purpose: This refresher training is designed to discuss important safety issues regarding the use

  17. _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety _________ __________________ Training Program

    E-print Network

    Eisen, Michael

    , training requirements, work planning and control, traffic safety, Building 76 emergency information11/22/2011 _____________________________ Environment, Health, & Safety overview of the safety principles of the Division's safety processes and culture. Discussion will include

  18. Toolbox Safety Talk Formaldehyde Awareness

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Formaldehyde Awareness Environmental Health & Safety Facilities Safety & Health to Environmental Health & Safety for recordkeeping. Formaldehyde is used widely at Cornell University, primarily the skin. Formaldehyde can cause watery eyes, burning sensations in the eyes and throat, nausea

  19. Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Panagiotis Scarlatos, Ph.D., Director Transportation Safety and Security #12;Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety and Security Partners #12 evacuations · Tracking systems for hazardous materials Center for Intermodal Transportation Safety

  20. Pacific Institute Releases New Economy of Water

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-01-01

    Riveting reading, the Pacific Institute's report on The Economy of Water puts it all up front when it comes to the status and power of water as an issue of looming national and international significance. Looking at water from multiple perspectives, the report clearly details the impact and potential harm of current and pending zoning and privatization efforts on the part of utilities and other interested agencies, both public and private. In particular, the study focuses on the social and financial costs of water privatization efforts and their long term implications for specific countries and societies. Perhaps most compelling is the policy brief's emphasis on the competing forces of globalization and privatization and how they tend to play out and off of one another.

  1. ECONOMIES OF SCALE AND SCOPE IN WATER SUPPLY

    EPA Science Inventory

    This study examines the multiproduct nature of water supply relative to economies of scale and scope. he water utility is viewed as a multiproduct firm providing residential and nonresidential services with spatial variation. here are no significant economies of scale in the util...

  2. Use of the Systems Approach for Successful Token Economies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagle, Catherine C.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    The three basic steps of the systems approach are described: the mission profile, the functional analysis, and the method-means. The advantageous use of these steps in planning a token economy is illustrated by a systematic evaluation of a token economy implemented in a sixth-grade setting. (Author)

  3. The Global 500Mapping the World Economy at Century's End

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ALBERT J. BERGESEN; JOHN SONNETT

    2001-01-01

    Fortune magazine's listing of the largest corporations in the global economy, the Global 500, is used to inquire into the industrial structure of the world economy and to speculate about the rise and fall of hegemonic states. The authors' data show that about half the firms are involved in basic production and the rest split between finance and service industries,

  4. Service Recovery in Transition Economies: Russia and China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy K. T. Gubler; Matthew W. McCarter; Kristie K. W. Seawright; Yuli Zhang

    2008-01-01

    While processes for transition from planned to market economy vary, there is one common outcome from the transition process – more discriminating customers. Growing customer expectations increase the possibility of failing to meet those expectations. In competitive market economies service failures are accompanied by new consequences of lost customer loyalty. These potential losses to service providers that can result from

  5. Paying Attention to Attention: New Economies for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Castell, Suzanne; Jenson, Jennifer

    2004-01-01

    Challenging formal education's traditional monopoly over the mass-scale acculturation of youth, the technological infrastructure of the new economy brings in its wake a new attentional economy in which any connected adult or child owns and controls a full economic share of her or his own attention. For youth who have never known the text-bound…

  6. 75 FR 44216 - Cybersecurity, Innovation and the Internet Economy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-28

    ...key resources receive attention from the Department...growth of the Internet economy. During those conversations...not receive sufficient attention in the private sector...program'' be at drawing attention to and promoting work...large segments of the economy, the level of...

  7. Blogging at work and the corporate attention economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarita Yardi; Scott A. Golder; Michael J. Brzozowski

    2009-01-01

    The attention economy motivates participation in peer- produced sites on the Web like YouTube and Wikipedia. However, this economy appears to break down at work. We studied a large internal corporate blogging community using log files and interviews and found that employees expected to receive attention when they contributed to blogs, but these expectations often went unmet. Like in the

  8. Global Political Economy Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM

    E-print Network

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Global Political Economy Fall 2012 Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM Ajai Gaur Room 1098, 1 Washington Park This course offers a global perspective on long term change in the world economy, and the interaction between countries, regulatory systems and organizations. Attention is especially focused on the dynamics

  9. The Evolution of Real Estate in the Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dapeng Hu; Anthony Pennington-Cross

    This paper examines economic indicators to show how the role of the real estate industry in the economy has evolved over time. This examination spans the early 1980s through 1999. Our key conclusion includes the followings. In terms of economic flows real estate is as important a part of the economy as ever. About 11% of GDP each year is

  10. Real Estate and Economies of Scale: The Case of REITs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent W. Ambrose; Michael J. Highfield; Peter D. Linneman

    2005-01-01

    Building on past research in the economies-of-scale debate, we test for scale economies in real estate investment trusts (REITs) by examining growth prospects, revenue and expense measures, profitability ratios, systematic risk and capital costs. Overall, we find that large REITs are increasing growth prospects while succeeding at lowering costs, leading to a direct relationship between firm profitability and firm size.

  11. Inflation targeting in a learning economy: an ABM perspective

    E-print Network

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Inflation targeting in a learning economy: an ABM perspective Isabelle Salle , Murat Yildizolu the performances of an inflation targeting regime in a learning economy framed as an Agent­Based Model (ABM). We that a central bank, implementing an inflation targeting regime via a monetary policy rule, can play

  12. Hydrogen: Its Future Role in the Nation's Energy Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winsche, W. E.; And Others

    1973-01-01

    Advocates the development of a hydrogen fuel economy as an alternative to the predominately electric economy based upon nuclear plants and depleting fossil fuel supplies. Evaluates the economic and environmental benefits of hydrogen energy delivery systems in the residential and transportation sectors. (JR)

  13. Economic development and growth in the world economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rui Castro

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates whether technological shocks, constructed to be consistent with the observed cross-country income dispersion, are also capable of accounting for development regularities related to capital accumulation. This question is approached via a quantitative theoretical analysis of an integrated world economy model. An open economy framework constrains country heterogeneity to be consistent with international capital flows. Moreover, it enables

  14. Exchange Rate Regimes in an Increasingly Integrated World Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esteban Jadresic; Paul R. Masson; Paolo Mauro; Michael Mussa; Alexander K. Swoboda; Andrew Berg

    2000-01-01

    This paper examines the consequences of heightened capital mobility and of the integration of developing economies in increasingly globalized markets for the exchange rate regimes of the industrial, developing, and transition economies. It builds upon previous studies by IMF staff on various aspects of the exchange rate arrangements of member countries, consistent with the IMF's role of surveillance over its

  15. China and the changing landscape of the world economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liming Wang; Jinghai Zheng

    2010-01-01

    The rapid development of emerging markets is changing the landscape of the world economy and may have profound implications for international relations. China is often regarded as the most influential emerging market economy because, during the last three decades, it has become increasingly integrated into the world economic system and its success and failure now affect the well-being of other

  16. Teaching engineering economy in the context of design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. R. Callen; S. M. Jeter; A. Koblasz; J. T. Luxhoj; C. S. Park; H. R. Parsaei; W. G. Sullivan; G. J. Thuesen

    1994-01-01

    Engineering economy is a subset of engineering that involves the application of technical and economic analysis, with the goal of deciding which course of action best meets performance criteria and simultaneously uses scarce capital in a prudent manner. The impact of engineering economy principles on an organization is maximized when introduced early in the process of designing a product, process

  17. Higher Skills and the Knowledge Economy: The Challenge of Offshoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, John; Gunn, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Recent economics literature on offshoring highlights the trend towards the relocation of high-skill jobs to emerging economies. This evolution presents a challenge to the established knowledge economy discourse on which the relationship between higher education, higher skills, higher productivity and higher incomes has been based. This paper…

  18. Regenerating America: Meeting the Challenge of Building Local Economies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabel, Medard; And Others

    The document includes five papers on the implications and applications of regeneration by the Regeneration Project, based in Emmaus, Pa. The first paper, "Regenerating America: Meeting the Challenge of Building Local Economies," (Medard Gabel) defines regeneration as economic recovery and growth, fostered by diversification within a local economy.…

  19. Roadmap towards a sustainable hydrogen economy in Mexico

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joel Ram??rez-Salgado; Arqu??medes Estrada-Mart??nez

    2004-01-01

    The fast developing of fuel cell (FC) technologies has open a window to alternative energy sources such as natural gas, methanol, ethanol, or hydrogen. This paper outlines the prospects for a hydrogen economy in Mexico.If we consider a hydrogen economy in Mexico in the near future and if all the national energy could be produced by hydrogen, the country will

  20. The importance of the pharmaceutical industry to the UK economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Earl-Slater

    1998-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to indicate the importance of the pharmaceutical industry to the UK economy. Data on various aspects of the industry are presented and examined. As background information a collection of policies and pressures on the pharmaceutical environment are identified and discussed. The evidence shows what the UK economy stands to lose if it loses its

  1. Game Time: The Educator's Playbook for the New Global Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lessinger, Leon; Salowe, Allen

    This book serves as a "playbook" to help business leaders and educators understand, build, and adapt to the changes converging upon them from an emerging information-rich global economy. The book uses football as a metaphor to understand the obstacles to becoming successful in today's changing economy. This football metaphoric theme is used in the…

  2. Toward Code Evolution By Artificial Economies Extended Abstract

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric B. Baum; Igor Durdanovic

    We have begun exploring code evo- lution by artificial economies. We im- plemented a reinforcement learning ma- chine called Hayek2 consisting of agents, written in a machine language inspired by Ray's Tierra, that interact economi- cally. The economic structure of Hayek2 addresses credit assignment at both the agent and meta levels. Hayek2 succeeds in evolving code to solve Blocks World

  3. Financial Innovation and Arbitrage Pricing in Frictional Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhiwu Chen

    1995-01-01

    Frictional economies are fundamentally different from their frictionless counterparts. For example, in frictional economies, the price function is sublinear and thus there will be incentives to innovate. When decomposing existing securities and opening new markets, innovators serve important economic functions, such as allowing investors to obtain consumption at lower costs, enabling investors to achieve better risk sharing, and making the

  4. Resilient creative economies? Creative industries on the urban fringe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emma Felton; Mark Nicholas Gibson; Terry Flew; Phil Graham; Anna Daniel

    2010-01-01

    The relationship between culture and the economy is of growing interest to researchers, writers and policy makers. Advanced economies have become increasingly ‘culturalised’, pushing culture from the periphery to the centre of policy concerns and action. The economic downturn commencing in late 2008 generated predictions that ranged from the apocalyptic to the sanguine, across all sectors. This article offers an

  5. A Stay-Rich View of the New Global Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trusteeship, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Major demographic changes around the world. Disproportionate sovereign debt. A shift from North America, Western Europe, and Japan to emerging economies as centers of growth. Unprecedented levels of market risk and volatility. The structure of the global economy is undergoing significant changes. Michael Oyster, managing principal of Fund…

  6. POL 295 African Political Economy 1 POLITICS 295

    E-print Network

    Marsh, David

    . We will discuss political institutions and social change in contemporary Africa, and historical. We will have many opportunities for conversations ­ economic, political, social, and moral ­ aboutPOL 295 African Political Economy 1 POLITICS 295 AFRICAN POLITICAL ECONOMY SPRING 2009 SYLLABUS

  7. Five Ways to Economy-Proof Your Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wassom, Julie

    2012-01-01

    When customers are facing job loss or tighter budgets, prospects are attempting to negotiate tuition fees, and subsidies are being cut, smart child care managers are studying the essential moves directors must take to increase and retain enrollment despite the volatile economy. Instead of using a tough economy as a reason enrollment drops, they…

  8. Tariff Reform in a Small Open Economy with Public Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenzo Abe

    1992-01-01

    This paper examines the welfare effects of the reduction of the highest tariffs and the uniform change of all tariffs in a small open economy with public production. Using the restricted GNP and expenditure functions, the author shows that such tariff reforms can improve the welfare of the economy if the public production is initially abundant. A change in the

  9. The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally

    E-print Network

    Hall, Sharon J.

    The Upside of a Down Economy: Buying Locally Wednesday, September 26, 2012 5:00 ­ 6:30 p is available off Third Street, north of the building. Kimber Lanning Founder and Executive Director, Local improve the local economy, create jobs, and contribute recirculating dollars for community establishments

  10. AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES AND GEOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATION OF MANUFACTURING IN UKRAINE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Volodymyr Vakhitov

    2008-01-01

    As a post-Soviet economy, Ukraine has inherited substantial production assets and qualified personnel. However, the economy was dominated by large-scale enterprises designed for much bigger markets. After the collapse of the Soviet Union Ukrainian firms faced lack of planning, breaks in contacts with their former suppliers and customers, and distortion of prices. There was a clear need in restructuring of

  11. Modeling the informal economy in Mexico. a structural equation approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guido Cazzavillan

    2010-01-01

    This paper uses annual data for the period 1970-2006 in order to estimate and investigate the evolution of the Mexican informal economy. In order to do so, we model the informal economy as a latent variable and try to explain it through relationships between possible cause and indicator variables using structural equation modeling (SEM). The model uses tax burden, salary

  12. Modeling the Informal Economy in Mexico. A Structural Equation Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brambila Macias; Jose Ca

    2008-01-01

    This paper uses annual data for the period 1970-2006 in order to estimate and investigate the evolution of the Mexican informal economy. In order to do so, we model the informal economy as a latent variable and try to explain it through relationships between possible cause and indicator variables using structural equation modeling (SEM). Our results indicate that the Mexican

  13. Modelling the Informal Economy in Mexico. A Structural Equation Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Brambila Macias; Guido Cazzavillan

    2008-01-01

    This paper uses annual data for the period 1970-2006 in order to estimate and investigate the evolution of the Mexican informal economy. In order to do so, we model the informal economy as a latent variable and try to explain it through relationships between possible cause and indicator variables using structural equation modeling (SEM). The model uses tax burden, salary

  14. Modeling the informal economy in Mexico. a structural equation approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guido Cazzavillan

    2010-01-01

    :This paper uses annual data for the period 1970-2006 in order to estimate and investigate the evolution of the Mexican informal economy. In order to do so, we model the informal economy as a latent variable and try to explain it through relationships between possible cause and indicator variables using structural equation modeling (SEM). The model uses tax burden, salary

  15. Teaching Applied Macro in Emergent Economies: Lessons from Bahrain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michael S.; Epstein, Seth

    2013-01-01

    In this article we explore the challenges of adapting a standard introductory MBA course in applied macroeconomics to a student audience in a small open economy with a pegged currency. Our focus will be on the Kingdom of Bahrain, with reference to other countries in the Arabian Gulf region, where one would expect to use an open-economy theoretical…

  16. Green Transport Management of Logistics Enterprises Based on Circular Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhang Guirong; Li Gengke; Zhao Zongjian; Mu Yuxin

    2010-01-01

    Circular economy is a new concept of sustainable development model of economic development with the objective of making the most effective use of resources and protecting the environment. Green Logistics is the achievement of circular economy in the logistics field. From the demand perspective, green transportation should be environment-friendly transportation and resources-saved transportation. Besides, we should establish a scientific and

  17. The Impact of International Oil Price Fluctuation on China's Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhang Qianqian

    2011-01-01

    Oil is an important lifeline in our national economic development, and its price fluctuations also affect every field of the economy. With the rapid economic development, China's demand for oil has increased and the dependence on imported oil also on the increase. Therefore, the negative effect of high oil price on China's economy is growing up. In this paper, we

  18. Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-print Network

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2010 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy · Framing the Financial Crisis for Wisconsin Agriculture Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University

  19. Fuel demand on UK roads and dieselisation of fuel economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Bonilla

    2009-01-01

    Because of high oil prices, and climate change policy, governments are now seeking ways to improve new car fuel economy thus contributing to air quality and energy security. One strategy is to increase dieselisation rates of the vehicle fleet. Recent trends in fuel economy show improvement since 1995, however, efforts need to go further if the EU Voluntary Agreement targets

  20. New wine in old bottles: Technological diffusion in developed economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul L. Robertson; Parimal R. Patel

    2007-01-01

    As new and old technologies generally co-exist in the complex production methods that characterise major sectors of modern developed economies, it is important for policy makers to analyse them together in order to take full advantage of complementarities and optimise outcomes for entire economies rather than for individual industries. In this article, we look at the interrelationships between technologies of

  1. Pushing Economies (and Students) outside the Factor Price Equalization Zone

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oslington, Paul; Towers, Isaac

    2009-01-01

    Despite overwhelming empirical evidence of the failure of factor price equalization, most teaching of international trade theory (even at the graduate level) assumes that economies are incompletely specialized and that factor price equalization holds. The behavior of trading economies in the absence of factor price equalization is not well…

  2. System safety in manned spaceflight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hammack, J. B.

    1977-01-01

    System safety in manned spaceflight is discussed with attention to the organization of the NASA safety effort, hazard identification and resolution, safety program integration, risk management visibility, and space transportation system payload safety. Key ingredients of the safety program, including concepts such as a distinct and appropriate level of responsibility for safety, and comprehensive and appropriate safety requirements from the policy level to the system level, are summarized. Program safety interrelationships are indicated.

  3. ESD.70J Engineering Economy ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module -Session 0 1

    E-print Network

    Entekhabi, Dara

    spreadsheets Step1: file [ESD70session# ­1.xls] is setup before the class Step2: in class exercise solving the case with tutor Cells marked as are for you to fill Step3: refer to file [ESD70session# ­2.xls] which reflects all the work done in class #12;Excel basics Open ESD70session0-1.xls ESD.70J Engineering Economy

  4. Science Education Safety

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Downloadable guides published by the Council of State Science Supervisors (CSSS) that provide information on laboratory safety practices in elementary and secondary schools. Topics include legal issues, the purchase, storage, and disposal of chemicals, chemical hygiene, and response to spills or accidents. There is also information on the use of plants or animals in the lab, protective equipment, laboratory layouts, glassware and electricity precautions, field-trip safety, and other topics. The site also includes a science safety checklist, recommendations for general lab safety, and links to safety information from other websites.

  5. Environmental Health Safety & Business Services

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    White, Assistant Director, Lab Safety Manager, EHS Mark Pace, Fire Marshal, Fire & Life Safety Manager, Safety Technician, EHS Derrick Neal, Safety Technician, EHS Ann Pho, Lab Safety Technician, EHS ReyEnvironmental Health Safety & Business Services Informal Centers of Excellence Environmental

  6. Safety Manual Prepared by the

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    reading room and in each lab or http://www.ehs.uconn.edu/chemplan.html The Materials Safety Data SheetsIMS Safety Manual Prepared by the IMS Safety Committee January 1991 (revised 1/2009) Institute 2 Introduction 3 IMS Laboratory Safety Reporting Policy 4 IMS Safety Committee 5 Fire Safety

  7. Toolbox Safety Talk Material Handling

    E-print Network

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Toolbox Safety Talk Material Handling Environmental Health & Safety Occupational Safety & Health the body, there is a dramatic increase in stress to the lower back. To place the object below the level Safety Talk Material Handling Environmental Health & Safety Occupational Safety & Health Section 395 Pine

  8. Safety First Safety AlwaysSafety Last Using abrasive wheel equipment exposes you to many

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety AlwaysSafety Last Using abrasive wheel equipment exposes you to many potential and strength and meet all manufacturer specifications. Abrasive Wheel Machinery and Tools Safety Tip #1

  9. The Theory of Attention and the Economy of Understanding as a New Price Model in the Information Economy?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ursula Georgy

    2008-01-01

    Most prices in the information economy (scientific information) are based on length of information, duration of online time, actuality etc., but most of these price concepts give little satisfaction to the customer because they are irrational and not comprehensible. Till today there exist no price concepts in the information economy concidering the attention or understanding of information. Therefore the theory

  10. Big country dependent economy development of Taiwan—Functions of Japan, the US, and China in Taiwan's economy development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jung Hsiung-Shen; Ting-Sheng Weng

    2010-01-01

    Although with limited land and resources and a dense population, Taiwan, situated in eastern Asia, has developed to be a model in the eyes of international economists after World War II; its cause and process worth study. As well known, the island economy- based Taiwan has to rely on big country economy in order to develop smoothly; moreover, the Taiwan's

  11. 36 CFR 212.10 - Maximum economy National Forest System roads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Maximum economy National Forest System roads. 212...Transportation System § 212.10 Maximum economy National Forest System roads. ...specifications which will permit maximum economy in harvesting timber from such...

  12. 49 CFR 525.11 - Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. 525.11 Section 525...TRANSPORTATION EXEMPTIONS FROM AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 525.11 Termination...amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. (a) Any exemption...

  13. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS &INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS &INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS & THE GLOBAL ECONOMYTHE GLOBAL ECONOMYTHE GLOBAL ECONOMY

    E-print Network

    Krylov, Anna I.

    GLOBAL ECONOMYTHE GLOBAL ECONOMY This major offers students rigorous interdisciplinary training 331: The Global Economy 2030 -- Examination of key ideas from economics, demography and technology. Guest lecturers illuminate possible conditions of the global economy in 2030. IR 454: International

  14. 49 CFR 525.11 - Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. 525.11 Section 525...TRANSPORTATION EXEMPTIONS FROM AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 525.11 Termination...amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. (a) Any exemption...

  15. TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber

    E-print Network

    Stone, Matthew

    TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber Dept, thatexploitsthe hearer's recognitionof inferentiallinkstomaterial elsewhere withina sentence. Textual economy argue that achieving textual economy imposes strong requirements on the representation and reasoning

  16. 32 CFR 728.51 - General provisions-the “Economy Act.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Agencies § 728.51 General provisions—the “Economy Act.” The Economy Act, 31 U.S.C. 1535, generally...than commercial procurement. Provisions of the Economy Act apply to requests from other Federal...

  17. 32 CFR 728.51 - General provisions-the “Economy Act.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Agencies § 728.51 General provisions—the “Economy Act.” The Economy Act, 31 U.S.C. 1535, generally...than commercial procurement. Provisions of the Economy Act apply to requests from other Federal...

  18. 49 CFR 525.11 - Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. 525.11 Section 525...TRANSPORTATION EXEMPTIONS FROM AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 525.11 Termination...amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. (a) Any exemption...

  19. 36 CFR 212.10 - Maximum economy National Forest System roads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Maximum economy National Forest System roads. 212...Transportation System § 212.10 Maximum economy National Forest System roads. ...specifications which will permit maximum economy in harvesting timber from such...

  20. 36 CFR 212.10 - Maximum economy National Forest System roads.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Maximum economy National Forest System roads. 212...Transportation System § 212.10 Maximum economy National Forest System roads. ...specifications which will permit maximum economy in harvesting timber from such...

  1. 32 CFR 728.51 - General provisions-the “Economy Act.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Agencies § 728.51 General provisions—the “Economy Act.” The Economy Act, 31 U.S.C. 1535, generally...than commercial procurement. Provisions of the Economy Act apply to requests from other Federal...

  2. 76 FR 11196 - Antidumping Methodologies in Proceedings Involving Non-Market Economies: Valuing the Factor of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ...Proceedings Involving Non-Market Economies: Valuing the Factor of Production...proceedings involving non-market economy (``NME'') countries...Proceedings Involving Non-Market Economies: Valuing the Factor of Production...the Secretary of Commerce, Attention: Christopher Mutz,...

  3. 75 FR 58077 - Revisions and Additions to Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy Label

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ...national interest in both fuel economy and climate change. Historically...have generally paid the most attention to fuel economy when fuel prices increase...in the future to pay more attention to fuel economy. Based on projections...

  4. 40 CFR 600.311-08 - Range of fuel economy for comparable automobiles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...311-08 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Labeling § 600.311-08 Range of fuel economy for...

  5. 40 CFR 600.510-08 - Calculation of average fuel economy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Procedures for...fuel economy those design changes expected to have comparable effects on in-use fuel economy; (5) The test procedure...

  6. 40 CFR 600.510-08 - Calculation of average fuel economy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Procedures for...fuel economy those design changes expected to have comparable effects on in-use fuel economy; (5) The test procedure...

  7. 40 CFR 600.115-11 - Criteria for determining the fuel economy label calculation method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and...are met. Manufacturers may alternatively account for this effect by multiplying 2-cycle fuel economy values by 0.7 and...

  8. 40 CFR 600.115-11 - Criteria for determining the fuel economy label calculation method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and...are met. Manufacturers may alternatively account for this effect by multiplying 2-cycle fuel economy values by 0.7 and...

  9. 40 CFR 600.115-11 - Criteria for determining the fuel economy label calculation method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND GREENHOUSE GAS EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy and...are met. Manufacturers may alternatively account for this effect by multiplying 2-cycle fuel economy values by 0.7 and...

  10. 10 CFR 474.3 - Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation...DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION § 474.3 Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy...

  11. 10 CFR Appendix to Part 474 - Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy Calculations...DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION...App. Appendix to Part 474—Sample Petroleum-Equivalent Fuel Economy...

  12. 10 CFR 474.3 - Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation...DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION § 474.3 Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy...

  13. 10 CFR 474.3 - Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation...DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION § 474.3 Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy...

  14. 10 CFR 474.3 - Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy calculation...DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; PETROLEUM-EQUIVALENT FUEL ECONOMY CALCULATION § 474.3 Petroleum-equivalent fuel economy...

  15. Traceability of Software Safety Requirements in Legacy Safety Critical Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hill, Janice L.

    2007-01-01

    How can traceability of software safety requirements be created for legacy safety critical systems? Requirements in safety standards are imposed most times during contract negotiations. On the other hand, there are instances where safety standards are levied on legacy safety critical systems, some of which may be considered for reuse for new applications. Safety standards often specify that software development documentation include process-oriented and technical safety requirements, and also require that system and software safety analyses are performed supporting technical safety requirements implementation. So what can be done if the requisite documents for establishing and maintaining safety requirements traceability are not available?

  16. Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Roughly one out of every four accidents (25%) involves at an unsafe speed · Failure to check mirrors often Fleet Safety: Backing Accidents Safety Tip #2 Accidents hurt-- safety doesn't. All backing accidents are preventable. The key is to plan ahead to avoid backing

  17. University of Michigan Institute for Research on Labor, Employment and the Economy

    E-print Network

    Shyy, Wei

    University of Michigan Institute for Research on Labor, Employment and the Economy (IRLEE) Mission innovation, increasing entrepreneurship, and improving the economy; (5) Foster a core of interdisciplinary

  18. Principles of Safety Pharmacology

    PubMed Central

    Pugsley, M K; Authier, S; Curtis, M J

    2008-01-01

    Safety Pharmacology is a rapidly developing discipline that uses the basic principles of pharmacology in a regulatory-driven process to generate data to inform risk/benefit assessment. The aim of Safety Pharmacology is to characterize the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) relationship of a drug's adverse effects using continuously evolving methodology. Unlike toxicology, Safety Pharmacology includes within its remit a regulatory requirement to predict the risk of rare lethal events. This gives Safety Pharmacology its unique character. The key issues for Safety Pharmacology are detection of an adverse effect liability, projection of the data into safety margin calculation and finally clinical safety monitoring. This article sets out to explain the drivers for Safety Pharmacology so that the wider pharmacology community is better placed to understand the discipline. It concludes with a summary of principles that may help inform future resolution of unmet needs (especially establishing model validation for accurate risk assessment). Subsequent articles in this issue of the journal address specific aspects of Safety Pharmacology to explore the issues of model choice, the burden of proof and to highlight areas of intensive activity (such as testing for drug-induced rare event liability, and the challenge of testing the safety of so-called biologics (antibodies, gene therapy and so on.). PMID:18604233

  19. Resolving conflicting safety cultures

    SciTech Connect

    Slider, J.E. (Slider Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)); Patterson, M. (SCIENTECH, Rockville, MD (United States))

    1993-01-01

    Several nuclear power plant sites have been wounded in the crossfire between two distinct corporate cultures. The traditional utility culture lies on one side and that of the nuclear navy on the other. The two corporate cultures lead to different perceptions of [open quotes]safety culture.[close quotes] This clash of safety cultures obscures a very important point about nuclear plant operations: Safety depends on organizational learning. Organizational learning provides the foundation for a perception of safety culture that transcends the conflict between utility and nuclear navy cultures. Corporate culture may be defined as the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs shared by employees of a given company. Safety culture is the part of corporate culture concerning shared attitudes and beliefs affecting individual or public safety. If the safety culture promotes behaviors that lead to greater safety, employees will tend to [open quotes]do the right thing[close quotes] even when circumstances and formal guidance alone do not ensure that actions will be correct. Safety culture has become particularly important to nuclear plant owners and regulators as they have sought to establish and maintain a high level of safety in today's plants.

  20. Supercritical-pressure, light-water-cooled reactors for improving economy, safety, plutonium utilization and environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y Oka; S Koshizuka; T Jevremovic; Y Okano

    1995-01-01

    The concepts of a direct-cycle supercritical-pressure, light-water-cooled reactors were developed. The conceptual design of the thermal and fast reactors was carried out. The plant system is identical among them. Breeding is possible in the tight lattice core. Waste problems are improved due to the high thermal efficiency. Power generation cost will be greatly reduced from the current LAIR.