Driessen, Geert; Smit, Frederik; Sleegers, Peter
Parental involvement is seen as an important strategy for the advancement of the quality of education. The ultimate objective of this is to expand the social and cognitive capacities of pupils. In addition, special attention is paid to the children of low-educated and ethnic minority parents. Various forms of both parental and school-initiated…
Hsi-mei Chen; Cheng-sian Chang
While parent involvement is beneficial to elementary students' learning performance and the internet change the learning environment, there are few researches discussing about how parents involve in virtual world. We implement a two-year project about parent involvement behavior at home, school and internet. In the first stage of our research, we proposed an E-Homebook system which provided a communication interface
Waggoner, Kimberly; Griffith, Alison
Examines parent involvement complexities from the differing standpoints of school volunteers and teachers, mostly women. Explores the construction of the family-school relationship in four Louisiana schools serving low-income children. For educators, parental involvement was ideologically bounded by school walls. Parents' descriptions stressed…
Khan, Mir Baiz
Examines parental involvement in school affairs as a means to forge school-community partnerships in education. Identifies fundamental barriers to meaningful parental involvement and suggests possible solutions, such as parent empowerment, administrators' support, home-school interdependency, awareness of current research, reorganized structures,…
Ridgway, John; And Others
Although the Migrant Education Program dates from 1965, parental involvement in it is governed by very recent statutory and regulatory requirements. Current statutory requirements come from the Elementary Secondary Education Amendments (ESEA) of 1978. They concern the establishment of and consultation by State and Local Education Agencies (SEAs…
Kathleen V. Hoover-dempsey; Joan M. Walker; Kathleen P. Jones; Richard P. Reed
Abstract Because parental involvement in children=s education has been associated with positive outcomes for students, teacher skills for engaging parental involvement are an important area of professional development. An in-service education program ( Teachers Involving Parents [TIP]) was designed to increase elementary and middle school teachers=invitations to parental involvement by strengthening participants=sense of teaching efficacy, beliefs about parents= efficacy for
Harpin, Lisa J.
The research on parent involvement in education indicates that, in most cases, when parents play an active role in their children's education, academic achievement improves. As a result, schools are now mandated to incorporate parent involvement in the educational process. Educators are faced with the challenge of creating ways to engage parents…
St. Louis, Kathleen
This study critically analyzes parents' complex stories of engagement in school and science education. The purpose is not to essentialize parental involvement, but rather to understand the processes of parental involvement and push forward the current discourse on the engagement of low-income minority and immigrant parents in schools and specifically science education. Employing critical grounded theory methods over a four-year span, this study had three areas of focus. First, voices of marginalized parents in the context of various spaces within the school system are examined. Using a qualitative approach, informal, formal, and research spaces were explored along with how minority parents express voice in these various spaces. Findings indicate parents drew on capital to express voice differently in different spaces, essentially authoring new spaces or the type of engagement in existing spaces. Second, the values and beliefs of traditionally marginalized people, the Discourse of mainstream society, and how they can inform a third, more transformative space for parental engagement in science are considered. The voices of low-income, marginalized parents around science and parental engagement (i.e., first space) are contrasted with the tenets of major national science policy documents (i.e., second space). Findings indicate a disparity between the pathways of engagement for low-income parents and policymakers who shape science education. Third, methodological questions of responsibility and assumption in qualitative research are explored. The author's complex struggle to make sense of her positionality, responsibilities, and assumptions as a researcher is chronicled. Findings focused on insider/outsider issues and implications for culturally sensitive research are discussed. Finally, the implications for policy, teaching, and research are discussed.
Wendy Miedel Barnard
While educational success in high school can be linked to elementary school achievement, there is little evidence that parent involvement in elementary school provides lasting benefits to children through high school. Using data from the Chicago Longitudinal Study, this study investigated the association between parent involvement in elementary school and success in high school. Parent involvement in school (based on
Vera, Elizabeth M.; Israel, Marla Susman; Coyle, Laura; Cross, Joanna; Knight-Lynn, Laura; Moallem, Isabel; Bartucci, Gina; Goldberger, Nancy
The purpose of the current investigation was to examine the relationships among a range of specific barriers and facilitators of parent involvement and a variety of types of school involvement within a diverse group of immigrant parents of English Learners (ELs) in four elementary school districts. In-home types of educational involvement such as…
Hornby, Garry; Lafaele, Rayleen
The issue of parental involvement (PI) in education is notable for the extensive rhetoric supporting it and considerable variation in the reality of its practice. It is proposed that the gap between rhetoric and reality in PI has come about because of the influence of factors at the parent and family, child, parent-teacher and societal levels…
Zarate, Maria Estela
The Latino community has been characterized by low high school graduation rates, low college completion rates and substandard schooling conditions. As schools and policymakers seek to improve the educational conditions of Latinos, parental influence in the form of school involvement is assumed to play some role in shaping students' educational…
Blodget, Alden S.
People tend to do things because that's how they have always done them or because that's the way others have done them. Schools are no different. The rigid factory model of education--a conveyor belt that moves children through a standard curriculum of books and lessons in a strict sequence--assumes that all brains are basically the same. They…
Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.
The handbook for the Parent-School-Community Involvement and Parent Education Program is primarily concerned with the home, the school, and the community. It is felt that the relationship among these 3 institutions affects the total development of the child. The main goals are to: (1) develop rapport among migrant parents, school personnel, and…
Stelios N. Georgiou; Anna Tourva
This study examined the existing relation between parental attributions of their child’s achievement, their belief in getting\\u000a involved in the child’s educational process and their actual behavior regarding this involvement. The participating parents\\u000a (N = 313) were asked to complete the Parental Attributions Scale and the Parental Involvement Scale. They were also asked to\\u000a state to what degree they believed that parents
Howard, Jeff W.
To be successful, a 4-H program must have parent involvement. Although 4-H leaders and Extension agents may interest young people in becoming members, they need the parents' goodwill and support to keep them interested, enthusiastic and active. Here...
Quezada, Reyes L.; Diaz, Delia M.; Sanchez, Maria
Describes barriers to Latino parent involvement in educational activities, factors to consider when involving Latino parents, and two examples of Latino involvement programs in California: Family Literacy Workshop at James Monroe Elementary School, Madera Unified School District, and Parents Take P.A.R.T. (Parent Assisted Reading Training) at…
KEVIN BRAIN; IVAN REID
This paper illustrates some of the tensions and contradictions in schools' attempts to develop parental and family involvement through a case study of parental involvement in an Education Action Zone. It focuses on how schools constructed parental involvement, the kinds of work they engaged in, the issues raised in managing and resourcing parental involvement projects, the perceived benefits of running
This study focuses on the determinants and effects of parent involvement in schools, in the context of urban school districts, and particularly with regard to the schools that serve Latino students. Three research questions are investigated in this article: (1) What are schools doing to support parents, foster involvement and engagement in their children's schools, and generally create strong parent-school
Laudeman, Kent A.
Discusses ways of encouraging parents to take a larger role in the prevention of chemical dependency in their children. Describes four types of parents who may use resistance and denial before becoming involved in parent support groups: apathetic, burned-out, intimidated, and resigned. (JAC)
Pahic, Tea; Vidovic, Vlasta Vizek; Miljevic-Ridicki, Renata
This article compares Roma and mainstream parents' involvement in the education of their children, based on Epstein's six-dimensional model of parent-school partnership. The survey was conducted in Croatia on two sub-samples: 60 Roma parents and 908 mainstream parents. Results suggest that Roma parents show lower interest in participating in…
Yamamoto, Yoko; Holloway, Susan D.; Suzuki, Sawako
Studies conducted in the US consistently demonstrate that parenting self-efficacy and construction of the parent role are critical elements associated with parents' involvement in their children's elementary school education. Less is known about the dynamics of parent involvement during the preschool period, or in nations outside the US. This…
Carter, R S; Wojtkiewicz, R A
This research examined whether parents were involved differently with the education of their adolescent daughters and sons. The investigation used data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS), which collected information from approximately 25,000 eighth-grade students. Several types of parental involvement were analyzed for gender differences, including school discussion, parent-school connection, parental expectations, parental attendance at school events, and three measures of parental supervision (checking homework, limiting television watching, and limiting going out with friends). The results showed that, net of students' grades, tests scores, and educational aspirations, parents helped daughters in some ways and sons in other ways. Generally, daughters experienced more parental involvement with their education than did sons. The findings are discussed in terms of parents' traditional socialization practices versus a shift in parental treatment in response to social trends. PMID:10841295
Wilson, Rene M.
Parent involvement is considered a vital educational factor that is associated with students' academic success. Engaging parents in the educational process is a challenge confronting many school districts across the United States. This is a significant problem for schools in low socioeconomic communities where lack of resources for parents and…
Parental involvement in education is a key focus of current policies and programs aimed at improving the academic outcomes of students at risk for academic underachievement. This study examines six forms of parental involvement in education to determine which forms of involvement have the strongest relationships with youths' academic outcomes.…
Ji, Cheng Shuang; Koblinsky, Sally A.
This exploratory study examined the involvement of Chinese immigrant parents in children's elementary and secondary education. Participants were 29 low-income, urban parents of public school children working primarily in the hospitality sector. Parents were interviewed about their academic expectations, knowledge of school performance, parent…
Stalker, Kirsten Ogilvie; Brunner, Richard; Maguire, Roseann; Mitchell, June
Promoting parental participation plays a significant role in education policies across Britain. Previous research has identified various barriers to involving disabled parents. This paper reports findings from part of a study examining disabled parents' engagement in their children's education, which focused on good practice. Twenty-four case…
Lewis, Margaret; And Others
This document describes eight models of local and state special education efforts that are providing viable ways for parents to become more involved in their children's education. The models are designed to develop effective two-way communication and collaboration between parents and teachers, develop methods for parents to actively support their…
Acosta, Veronica M.
The purpose of this study was to determine parents' perceptions regarding acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) education information for their eighth-grade school children. Their perceptions were based on their responses to a questionnaire that included topics such as AIDS as a disease, how the virus is spread, incidence of AIDS among…
Christine Waanders; Julia L. Mendez; Jason T. Downer
This study examines factors related to three dimensions of parent involvement in preschool: school-based involvement, home-based involvement, and the parent–teacher relationship. Participants were 154 predominantly African American parents recruited from two Head Start programs. Results of bivariate and canonical correlation analyses support the validity of a multi-dimensional, ecological conceptualization of parent involvement. Perceived context variables, including economic stress and neighborhood
Charles V. Izzo; Roger P. Weissberg; Wesley J. Kasprow; Michael Fendrich
This study examines the ways in which parental involvement in children's education changes over time and how it relates to children's social and academic functioning in school. Teachers provided information on parent involvement and school performance for 1,205 urban, kindergarten through third-grade children for 3 consecutive years. They rated the following four dimensions of parent involvement: frequency of parent-teacher contact,
Waanders, Christine; Mendez, Julia L.; Downer, Jason T.
This study examines factors related to three dimensions of parent involvement in preschool: school-based involvement, home-based involvement, and the parent-teacher relationship. Participants were 154 predominantly African American parents recruited from two Head Start programs. Results of bivariate and canonical correlation analyses support the…
Barbee, Marlen Worsham
Parent involvement has been the focus of many educational research studies since the release of "Equality of educational opportunity" (1966), which concluded that parents and home environment determine students' academic success. Since that time, educators have worked toward identifying effective strategies to increase home-school collaboration in…
Williams, David L., Jr.; Chavkin, Nancy Feyl
Recent studies have verified Secretary of Education William Bennett's observation on the importance of home and family life. The most successful students are those whose parents become actively engaged in the educational process at home and at school. To capitalize on potential parent involvement, principals need to understand the kinds of…
Lai, Yuan; Vadeboncoeur, Jennifer A.
Parent involvement is acknowledged as a crucial aspect of the education of students with special needs. However, the discourse of parent involvement represents parent involvement in limited ways, thereby controlling how and the extent to which parents can be involved in the education of their children. In this article, critical discourse analysis…
Kaya, Sibel; Lundeen, Cynthia
Parents are generally less involved in their children's science education (as compared to reading and mathematics) due to low self-efficacy and a lack of home-school communication. This study examined parental interest and attitudes in science as well as the nature of parent-to-child questioning during an interactive home, school, and community…
Hebel, Orly; Persitz, Shoshana
The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study is to achieve an understanding of the perceptions and experiences of Israeli parents of students with severe disabilities about their involvement in the Individual Education Program (IEP) process. Data collection in this study involved interviewing 20 parents whose children study in special…
Cooper, Camille Wilson
This paper explores the relationship between notions of parent involvement and conceptions of care as they relate to educators' deficit perceptions of African American mothers. Black feminist and womanist interpretations of the ethic of care are used to reframe the biased discourse on parent involvement in schools. Specific consideration is given…
Parental involvement has been studied in the field of education since the 1970s. Scholars assert that parental involvement affects students' achievement and performance (Christenson, Rounds, & Gorney, 1992; Epstein, Sanders, Simons, Salinas, Janson, & Van Voorhis, 2002; Fan & Chen, 2001; Herman & Yeh, 1983; von Voorhis, 2003). However, there is…
Pryor, Brandt W.; Pryor, Caroline R.
Parents' involvement in their children's education is associated with a variety of benefits, including higher achievement, yet teachers are not uniformly supportive and encouraging. Teacher attitudes and beliefs about parental involvement are a predictive factor which schools, and preservice programs, could influence, yet little is known about how…
Butts, Vickie; Finch, Patty A.
Describes a parental involvement program in reading, writing, and human education. The project consists of caring for Clifford, a stuffed toy dog, on a rotated basis by first grade students. Books and pet care items accompany Clifford and provide an opportunity for parent and child to work together. (ML)
Ng, Shun-wing; Yuen, Wai Kwan Gail
The impact of parental involvement on school management has been recognized by many education professionals and policy-makers. Thus parental involvement in school education becomes one of the prime focuses in the current education reform movement in Hong Kong. Particularly, specific guidelines and policies for involving parents at various levels…
Kaya, Sibel; Lundeen, Cynthia
Parents are generally less involved in their children’s science education (as compared to reading and mathematics) due to low self-efficacy and a lack of home-school communication. This study examined parental interest and attitudes in science as well as the nature of parent-to-child questioning during an interactive home, school, and community collaboration in the southeastern United States. Study results, compiled from observations, exit surveys, and interviews revealed largely positive family interactions and attitudes about science learning and increased parental interest toward involvement in elementary science. Parents frequently used productive questioning techniques during activities. These results imply that successful home, school, and community partnerships may elevate levels of parental participation in their children’s science education and the parents’ perception of themselves as being competent in assisting in science.
Vallado, Andres Nicolas
The purpose of this study was to examine the role, practices, and status of Parent Advisory Committees (PAC) as required by Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and the extent of PAC involvement in the educational decision making process in selected school districts in Texas. The sample consisted of 637 Title I PAC…
Seefeldt, Carol; Denton, Kristen; Galper, Alice; Younoszai, Tina
Explored relations between former Head Start parents' self-efficacy beliefs, beliefs about their children's academic abilities, affective state of depression, perceptions of school climate, and reported level of involvement in their children's education at end of kindergarten year. Parents' views of school climate and beliefs in their ability to…
Lindberg, E. Nihal
This study has aimed to determine the knowledge, skills, and views held by pre-service teachers attending different teacher training programs about parent involvement. A total of 520 4th year students receiving education in primary school teaching and in branch teaching programs participated in the study. Data were collected by the "Parent…
Ozcinar, Zehra; Ekizoglu, Nihat
Despite the well-known benefits of parent involvement in children's education, research clearly shows that it is difficult to effectively involve parents. This study aims to capture parents' views of a Blog Based Parent Involvement Approach (BPIA) designed to secure parent involvement in education by strengthening school-parent communication. Data…
Young, Clara Y.; Austin, Sheila M.; Growe, Roslin
There remains a plaguing question of how to get parents involved with their child's education. Many parents and educators have different perceptions of what parental involvement means. Miscommunication between the two groups often exists because of how parental involvement is conceptualized. While educators define parental involvement as…
Ule, Mirjana; Živoder, Andreja; du Bois-Reymond, Manuela
This article explores parental involvement in the educational trajectories of children in Europe. The analysis is embedded in the framework of the three dominant contemporary social processes that have been acknowledged as crucial factors for the educational and life trajectories of young people today, i.e. familialization, institutionalization,…
It is no secret that strong parental involvement is essential for school success. Yet, it is still a challenge to get parents more involved in their children's education. According to the most recent MetLife Survey of the American Teacher, teachers and principals agree on the importance of parental involvement--71% of principals and 59% of…
Allen, Arlene Michelle
Students are failing and stakeholders are having difficulty identifying exactly what is leading to this failure; in urban schools there is the problem of lack of or little parental involvement which makes the problem of failure of our children more adverse and there is also only a limited amount of research that has focused on gaining an…
Park, Sira; Holloway, Susan D.
Numerous studies have investigated the utility of the Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler (HDS) model for predicting parents' involvement in students' education. Yet, the model has yet to be thoroughly evaluated with respect to youth who are (a) in high school and (b) from sociodemographically diverse families. Using a nationally representative…
Center for Law and Education (NJ3), 2005
This school parent involvement policy is divided into three sections: (1) Development and Adoption of the Parent Involvement Policy; (2) Contents of the Parent Involvement Policy; and (3) Distributing and Revising the School's Parent Involvement Policy. This paper presents the provision of the Section 1118 of Title I of the No Child Left Behind…
relationships between parent school involvement and publicdimensions of parent involvement. School Psychology Review,involvement education found that minority parents are often less involved in school
Cervantes, Hermes T.; And Others
The study determined that parents from bilingual and culturally diverse environments could be trained by bilingual educators to enhance attitudes toward reading and reading-related behaviors of their primary level children. (Author/NQ)
Al-Shammari, Zaid; Yawkey, Thomas D.
This research study investigates the degree to which parental involvement impacts students' levels in special education programs in Kuwait. More specifically, this research discusses several scientific methods for research included within the significance of the study and research questions for this study. Research methods and results using a…
Colley, Binta M.
Research indicates the positive effects parental involvement can have in reinforcing learners' beliefs about their ability to succeed. In this article, the author explores the nature of parental involvement in children's education in the Republic of the Gambia. The Gambian example reemphasizes the value of parent-school partnerships as a…
Garry Hornby; Chrystal Witte
Abstract A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement,in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement,in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school principals using a schedule which focused on
Hornby, Garry; Witte, Chrystal
A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school…
Shiffman, Catherine Dunn
This article explores linkages between adult educator practices and the parent involvement needs of adult students with school-age children. A comparative case study examined the knowledge, experiential, self-efficacy, and social capital dimensions of adult educator practices that inform parent involvement efforts. One English as a Second Language…
Mark J. Cooper
Parental involvement is often noted as a key requisite for successful educational programs for students. There is little question about the benefits of parental involvement on academic achievement. While there is a strong endorsement among teachers and administrators for parental involvement, there is also a strong justification for caution. The presumption that all parents provide quality parental involvement while helping
Bauch, Jerold P.
The growing interest in effective parent involvement has produced several ways to classify or describe ways parents are or should be involved. This article reviews and evaluates Ira Gordon's systems approach, the California-based System Development Corporation's categories, Eugenia H. Berger's parental role categories, Chavkin and Williams' parent…
IDRA Newsletter, 1994
This newsletter contains seven articles about meaningful participation by parents, particularly Hispanic and other minority parents, in the education of their children. "Parents Reclaiming Their Schools: New Initiative Brings Parents Together for Better Schools" (Aurelio M. Montemayor) describes objectives and activities of a Texas-based coalition…
Mary McKenna; J. Douglas Willms
Parent councils are rapidly becoming an important part of Canada's educational system, and the formation of parent councils has increased dramatically the number of parents directly involved in school affairs. To maximize the be nefits of parental involvement in schools, parents must not only be involved in making decisions about school matters, but in other areas as well, such as
Mackety, Dawn M.; Linder-VanBerschot, Jennifer A.
Parent involvement is recognized as an important factor in encouraging student achievement. However, a survey by the National Center for Education Statistics found that in public schools with 25 percent or more American Indian students, teachers identified lack of parent involvement as one of their schools' three most serious problems. At an…
Lyken-Segosebe, Dawn; Hinz, Serena E.
As more state legislatures join the debate on school-choice and parent-trigger legislation, their discussions draw attention to an evolving landscape outside school walls where parental action shapes educational opportunity. Parents wield their political, social, economic, and cultural capital to secure the best educational outcomes for their…
Herrold, Kathleen; O'Donnell, Kevin
This report presents data on parents' and families' involvement in their children's education in the United States according to parents' reports for the 2006-07 school year. It also incorporates basic demographic information about children, parent/guardian characteristics, and household characteristics. The data come from the Parent and Family…
Joan L. Herman; Jennie P. Yeh
This study examines the interrelationships among components of parent involvement at schools and investigates their effects on school outcomes. The study used data collected during an evaluation of California's Early Childhood Education Program. Varinbles included socioeconomic status, the frequency of school-parent communications, parent awareness of school events, amount of parent involvement at the school, parent influence in school decision making,
Berkowitz, Marvin W.; Bier, Melinda C.
The study of effective character education programs shows that full parent involvement is a must, as it has a profound impact on the students' character development. The complexity of character educations and the benefits of parental involvement are discussed.
Doré R. LaForett; Julia L. Mendez
Research Findings: This study simultaneously examined parental depression and parent involvement as predictors of satisfaction with an early childhood intervention program. Parents (N = 203) of Head Start children participated in this short-term longitudinal study. Measures of parent involvement and satisfaction assessed multiple dimensions of these constructs. Nearly 40% of low-income mothers reported being sometimes or chronically depressed over the
What are some ways in which to get parents meaningfully involved in their child's high school? According to the research, the most successful programs are those that provide a variety of ways in which parents can be actively engaged in their child's academic life. Joyce Epstein, Director of the National Network of Partnership Schools, out of Johns…
Research has clearly linked parent involvement to positive educational outcomes and academic success, including more positive attitudes towards school, better grades, and higher test scores. So it is concerning that while immigrant parents highly value education, studies find they are also less likely to be involved in their child's education and…
The Minority Outreach Project, conducted by the Citizens Alliance to Uphold Special Education in Flint, Michigan, developed and implemented a model to reach and involve Black parents of handicapped students in their child's education. Project components included research, outreach, and model development. Outreach strategies developed included…
This study examines the characteristics of multicultural parental involvement in their children's education and explores the factors which contribute to a pattern of parental involvement among Korean immigrant families. This study investigates the variables as analytical tools that describe the nature of parental educational aspiration, difficulties and barriers to participate in their child's schooling, and social capital as parental network.
This article employs the concept of cultural capital to examine the ways in which social difference in terms of gender are played out in parental involvement in children's schooling and higher education choice. The intention has been to provide an in-depth analysis of the ways in which Chinese mothers and fathers are involved in the process. Semi-structured interviews were conducted
This article employs the concept of cultural capital to examine the ways in which social difference in terms of gender are played out in parental involvement in children's schooling and higher education choice. The intention has been to provide an in-depth analysis of the ways in which Chinese mothers and fathers are involved in the process. Semi-structured interviews were conducted
This article employs the concept of cultural capital to examine the ways in which social difference in terms of gender are played out in parental involvement in children's schooling and higher education choice. The intention has been to provide an in-depth analysis of the ways in which Chinese mothers and fathers are involved in the process.…
Francesco Avvisati; Bruno Besbas; Nina Guyon
Parents are actively involved in their children?s education at all ages, and school-based parental involvement programmes are in fashion in developed countries. Yet so far, economists have devoted little attention to determinants, levels and effects of parental involvement. This review is concerned with parental involvement for school-aged children. We comprehensively survey the economic literature on the topic, and selectively review
Byrd, E. Stephen
Parents are encountering a new system that addresses struggling learners. This system is called "response to intervention" or "RTI." Schools are using this philosophy and process to direct choices about school curriculum, ongoing assessment procedures, and decisions about special education services. One positive result of the RTI system is that…
Small, La'Quetta S.
Children whose parents are involved with their education tend to perform better in school (Desforges & Abouchaar, 2003; Epstein, 2001; Steinberg, 2004). Students demonstrate higher academic and behavior levels, have higher aspirations, and display other positive school behaviors when parents are knowledgeable, encouraging, and involved (Bakker &…
Kathleen Walker Carlisle
The researcher examined the relationships between tuberous sclerosis, a multi-system genetic disorder, and school functioning through the use of a parent questionnaire and behavior rating scale. Information was gathered on the typical school experiences of children with tuberous sclerosis, including educational placement and services, behavioral functioning, parent involvement, and parent satisfaction. The results indicated that the majority of students with
Cripps, Kayla; Zyromski, Brett
Adolescence is a critical period of development. Previous research suggests parent involvement in school directly impacts student success. However, different types of parental involvement and the efforts of middle school personnel to educate parents about these effective practices have received scant attention in the literature. The level and type…
Paulsen, Jan Merok
This article examines findings on key challenges of school-parent relations in Norway. The review is based on recent large-scale studies on several issues, including formalized school-parent cooperation, parental involvement in the pedagogical discourse, and teacher perspectives on the parents' role in the school community. Findings suggest a…
Frisco, Michelle L.
Young adult women in the United States tend to delay family formation, pursue higher education and professional jobs, and become sexually active before marriage. Using effective contraception is the best way to ensure that nonmarital parenthood does not disrupt educational and career plans. Because parental involvement in education shapes…
Keyser, Janis; Carter, Margie; Hall, Ellen; Oleson, Vicki; Gambetti, Amelia
Six articles discuss the relationship between parents and teachers: (1) "Creating Partnership with Families: Problem-Solving Through Communication" (Keyser); (2) "Changing Our Attitudes and Actions in Working With Families" (Hilliard and Pelo); (3) "Including Parents in the Process of Documentation" (Hall, Oleson, and Gambetti); (4) "Empowering…
Maynard, Stan; Howley, Aimee
Parent involvement programs for rural communities work best when they respond to particular features of the communities they serve. Research provides conflicting findings about whether rural parents are more or less involved in their children's education than are urban or suburban parents. Even if parent involvement is more prevalent in rural…
Halsey, Pamela A.
Although the nature of parent involvement changes as children get older and varies from family to family, junior high school teachers and the families they serve recognize the value of parent involvement in young adolescents' education. Teachers, parents, and students, however, are often uncertain about how to initiate parent involvement in their…
Pishghadam, Reza; Sadafian, Shaghayegh Shayesteh
Parents' underlying beliefs concerning pedagogical issues may be an indispensable key to understanding the diverse activities that parents engage in with their children. Assessment, as a multifunctional educational mechanism, has long engaged the minds of not only teachers and students but also their parents. Thus, this study sought to delve…
In Mexico, a country with high emigration rates, parental migration matches divorce as a contributor to child-father separation. Yet little has been written about children's relationships with migrating parents. In this study, I use nationally representative data from the 2005 Mexican Family Life Survey to model variation in the interaction…
Qin, Desirée Baolian; Han, Eun-Jin
Background/Context: Research on Chinese immigrant parents tends to focus on their high levels of educational involvement and its positive impact on their children's exceptional educational performances. Relatively little research has been conducted to understand the challenges Chinese immigrant parents face in helping their children with…
Kim, Sung-Won; Choi, Sung Youn
Describes how parental involvement is considered a remedy for many educational problems by educators. Conducts meta-analysis to synthesize the quantitative literature on the relationship between parental involvement and gifted development. Concludes that internal effects for gifted development have a stronger relationship than parents'…
This study explored parents' views of the educational experience of children with Individual Education Plans. The research goal was to determine how parents are meaningfully involved and engaged in the development and monitoring of education programs for their children. The primary data source for the study was 31 interviews with parents, analysed…
David, Miriam E.
This book explores the relationship between British parents and education in the context of education reforms and social changes in family life. The general argument is that the debates about British education reforms and corresponding parental roles have taken place without considering the various social changes that have been occurring in family…
The primary purpose of this study is to ascertain the educational role of parents of children with special needs through the use of comparative case-study methodology. The objective is to look at four parent support programs to determine how they relate to Epstein's typology of suggestions, and thus to determine the similarities and dissimilarities of the sample programs using five
Arar, Khalid; Abu-Asbah, Khaled; Nasra, Muhammed Abu
Current research indicates that parental involvement positively influences children's academic success. This study investigates parental involvement in the Arab education system in Israel, highlighting involvement in the New Horizon reform. We interviewed school principals and parent committee chairpersons from 15 Arab schools. The study…
Alyssa R. Gonzalez-DeHass; Patricia P. Willems; Marie F. Doan Holbein
Parent involvement has a sound research base attesting to the many potential benefits it can offer in education. However, student motivation as an academic outcome of parental involvement has only recently been investigated. The purpose of this article is to show how parent involvement is related to students’ motivation. Studies of students from the elementary school to high school show
This research is a case study on how parental involvement is enacted in a private primary school in Karachi, Pakistan. The study looked at the ways in which parents are involved in education in the school. Data was collected through interviews, observations and document analysis. Findings from the study indicate that all the stakeholders positively view the involvement of parents
Stitt, Nichole M.; Brooks, Nancy J.
Policy statements of the last two decades have directed schools to enter into partnerships with parents to enhance the social, emotional, and academic growth of their children. However, in practice and scholarship, parental involvement has been constructed as attendance to school-based activities and needs. This article draws on data from an…
Adolescence is a critical period of development. Previous research suggests parent involvement in school directly impacts student success. However, different types of parental involvement and the efforts of middle school personnel to educate parents about these effective practices have received scant attention in the literature. The level and type of parental involvement, as perceived by adolescents, is correlated with adolescent psychological well-being. Perceived parental involvement positively or negatively affects adolescents' sense of psychological well-being, especially self-esteem, self-evaluation, and peer relationships. Parenting style greatly influences children's development as well. The authoritative/democratic parenting style influences middle school children, leading to positive developmental outcomes, positive adolescent self-evaluations, higher levels of adolescent self-esteem and adjustment, while also positively influencing levels of intrinsic motivation for learning. This article reviews research related to (a) adolescents' perceptions of parental involvement, (b) the parenting style related to higher levels of psychological well-being, and (c) the impact of assorted parenting styles on adolescent psychological well-being. It concludes with implications for middle school systems, middle school counselors, families, parents, and community members.
Suzanne Longo Benevento
The purposes of this study were to examine the relationship between teachers' perceptions and parents' perceptions of parent involvement in Catholic schools and to assess the relationship between parents' perceptions of involvement at their schools and their satisfaction with the education their children were receiving. Samples of 122 parents and 86 teachers from eight schools in the Archdiocese of Newark,
Routh, Brianna; Langworthy, Sara; Jastram, Hannah
As more parents are using the Internet to answer their questions, Extension needs to provide practical, research-based resources in an accessible format. Pinterest is a platform that can be used by Extension educators to provide continued education and make reputable resources more discoverable for parents. Based on Knowles adult learning theory…
Jennifer Lynne Lupiani
Parents' involvement in their children's education has been found to be an important factor related to positive outcomes in children's academic performance and social competence. Questions remain, however, about the reasons and motivational bases for parents' choices to become involved in the home and school. Research has focused on demographic variables, such as income and parents' education. Although these variables
Kremer, Barbara, Comp.
This bibliography has been compiled to alert educators to parent education documents found in the ERIC microfiche collection and in journal literature. Abstracts of selected documents have been taken from "Research in Education (RIE)", and journal article citations from the "Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE)". Included are published…
James M. Kauffman; Daniel P. Hallahan
Ethical issues regarding children with disabilities have long involved their treatment after they are born. These issues remain important, but children may be deliberately created with or without characteristics that are usually thought of as disabilities. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and related technologies that involve human reproduction will become more readily available and raise new issues about the nature of
Alfaro, Daisy D.; O'Reilly-Díaz, Karen; López, Gerardo R.
In institutions of higher education, Latinos represent 25.2% of 18-to-24-year-old students enrolled in two-year colleges. Moreover, Latinos are now the largest "minority" group in four-year colleges and universities (2012). This rapid growth and increased participation of Latino students in the P-20 pipeline presents an opportunity for…
Jane Elizabeth Pizzolato; Sherrell Hicklen
There is evidence of a surge in parent involvement in postsecondary education, and some scholarship suggests that this high level of parent involvement may inhibit epistemological development. Despite these claims, there is little empirical evidence on the level or impact of parent involvement during the college years. The aim of this research was to understand the level and type of
Brooks, Tony O'Neal
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of parent involvement in relation to the influence on student achievement within a school community. In addition, this study worked towards gaining an understanding of the parent's role in the school community. Researching educational data may suggest that more parent involvement will have a…
Roy Brad Gibson
This study was concerned with the role parents play in improving the education of their child. This research was designed to investigate whether parent involvement in the decision-making process can affect student achievement, school climate, and school leadership. The research questions investigated were: (1) How does each of Epstein's five types of parent involvement relate to academic performance? (2) Does
Doherty, William J.; Jacob, Jenet; Cutting, Beth
We introduce Community Engaged Parent Education as a model for civic engagement in parent education. In Community Engaged Parent Education, the parent educator weaves the public dimensions of parenting into the everyday practice of group parent education. It is not a curriculum but a community-collaborative way of teaching all parenting topics by…
Sang Min Lee; Jason Kushner; Seong Ho Cho
We used a national database (Educational Longitudinal Study) to investigate the effects of parent’s gender, child’s gender,\\u000a and parental involvement in school on the academic achievement of adolescents in single-parent families. A three way 2?×?2?×?2\\u000a (parent’s gender × child’s gender × parental involvement) MANCOVA was conducted with four student academic achievement indicators\\u000a as dependent variables and SES as a covariate.
Boyer, Roxanne Christina
Parent involvement is a necessary component in the education of today's children. However, despite the overwhelming evidence of the benefits of parent involvement, schools often do not have the involvement that they need from all parents...
Waddle, Ann R.
The revision and renewal of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 will likely expand its parental involvement component to engage educators, parents, and community partners in supporting public education for children. This revisions call for best practices, but current literature fails to identify specific activities associated…
Parental involvement is a key factor in the success of students, but research shows differing perceptions on the definition of parent involvement. The purpose of this descriptive cross-sectional survey study was to compare and contrast the perceptions of parents and teachers about the parent involvement strategies they find most effective. This study also sought to find differences within each population
Onwughalu, Obiefuna J.
Parents, family, school and community have overlapping spheres of influence in the education of children (Epstein, 2001). Schooling isolated from the home will have significant consequences for child behavior and development (Bronfenbrenner, 1979). A fact of life is that a people's socio-political, cultural and historical life situation, context…
Paylor, Raymond L.
Interest in the perception of barriers that impact parents' involvement in Central Middle Schools' Parent Teacher Organization was a result of the low P T O membership rolls. Some educational research supports that socio-economic status, family values toward education, race, and relationship to students are factors that present barriers to parent…
Roy Evans; Jane Mallick
Such research evidence as exists on effective drug strategies in prevention and education draws attention to the importance of involving parents along with other community agencies and school governors. Much depends nevertheless on the way in which ‘involvement’ is interpreted and the assumptions that are made about parents’ knowledge of drugs and drug education as well as their attitudes to
After-School and Parent Education Programs for At-Risk Youth and Their Families: A Guide to Organizing and Operating a Community-Based Center for Basic Educational Skills Reinforcement, Homework Assistance, Cultural Enrichment, and a Parent Involvement Focus.
Intended for use by community organizers, parent-child advocates, parents, teacher education programs, and field experience classes, this book discusses after-school programs designed to assist students in completing homework, aid youth in acquiring basic educational and social skills, and help their parents become more effective agents in their…
Lunenburg, Fred C.; Irby, Beverly J.
Noting that students whose parents and other significant adults are actively involved in their learning are more likely to be successful in school, this paper examines eight parent and community involvement models and discusses selected strategies for initiating plans for school restructuring related to parent involvement. Models of parent…
Laye, Linda Williams
This program was developed and implemented to deal with the high percentage of Title I parents who lacked involvement with children's educational process. Problems were addressed by the implementation of a quality parental involvement program. Twenty-five elementary school Title I parents with no previous contact with the target site served as…
Robin A. Waterman
This quasi-experimental study compares school-based adult ESL classes intentionally focused on parent involvement with those that are not. It addresses the need for empirical research of adult ESL instruction that integrates the most compelling goal of vast numbers of adult ESL students: supporting their children's school success.
Academic standards for students are increasing. Both parents and teachers have a significant role to play in helping children succeed in school. However, parental involvement in their children's education is on the decline (Coleman, 1991). Identifying factors that contribute to this decline will enable schools to better understand the reasons and help them develop ways of increasing parent participation. When
Ferrara, Margaret M.
Parent involvement in schools--what do you believe about it? Disparate groups, like front office staff at a school, preservice teachers, teachers, school administrators, and parents respond quite differently to focus questions, which might include: What do you see as important aspects of parent involvement? What parents do you think would probably…
Gonida, Eleftheria N.; Cortina, Kai S.
Background: Parental involvement in homework is a home-based type of involvement in children's education. Research and theory suggest that it is beneficial for learning and achievement under certain conditions and for particular groups of individuals. Aims: The study examined whether different types of parents' involvement in homework…
Davidson, Tatiana M.; Cardemil, Esteban V.
This study examines the associations among parent-child relationship characteristics, acculturation and enculturation, and child externalizing symptoms in a sample of 40 Latino parent-adolescent dyads. Specifically, the associations between parent-child relationship characteristics (i.e., communication and parental involvement) and adolescents'…
Debi Sue Edwards
This study examined the relationship between parent involvement and academic success at the middle school level and was intended to provide administrators and educators with insight into the relationship parent involvement has with academic success of middle school students. This study was limited to 207 eighth grade students at the Academy for Academics and Arts, Challenger Middle School, and Davis
There's parent involvement and then there's parent involvement. There's the kind that has parents volunteering their time in schools, making costumes, or organizing and staffing the school carnival fund-raiser. This is helpful activity by any measure--helpful in the service of kids and not to be minimized. But there are other levels of involvement…
To help parents talk with children about sexual health, the Kaiser Family Foundation and National PTA developed a series of free resources for parents (e.g., the booklet "Talking with Kids: A Parent's Guide to Sex Education") to increase parent involvement and communication around sex education. This paper notes the importance of parents becoming…
Cantu, Evangelina M.
Significant evidence suggests that parent participation and involvement are beneficial for student success. Latino parents, however, have historically been portrayed negatively in their role in their children's education. Deficit thinking paradigms have framed much of the negative depictions about Latino parents. This study proposes that the…
Eng, Sothy; Szmodis, Whitney; Mulsow, Miriam
The role of social capital (parental beliefs, social networks, and trust) as a predictor of parental involvement in Cambodian children's education was examined, controlling for human capital (family socioeconomic status). Parents of elementary students (n = 273) were interviewed face to face in Cambodia. Teacher contact scored highest,…
Froiland, John Mark; Peterson, Aubrey; Davison, Mark L.
Building on social-cognitive theory and the expectancy-value theory, this study indicated that early parent expectations for children’s post-secondary educational attainment have a stronger effect on 8th-grade achievement than home-based parental involvement. With a nationally representative sample of kindergarten students and their parents in the…
DeBord, Karen; Roseboro, Jacqueline D.; Wicker, Karen M.
Two North Carolina projects used methods from the National Network for Family Resiliency's Parenting Evaluation Decision Framework. Parenting for Success for Hispanic Parents used focus group interviews and summative evaluation. Individualized education for Head Start parents used pre/posttests of parental self-esteem and child development…
Eva Y. H. Lau; Hui Li; Nirmala Rao
Background:?The remarkable academic advancement of Asian students in cross-national studies has been attributed to numerous factors, including the value placed on education by Chinese parents. However, there is a dearth of research on how exactly Chinese parents are involved in children's early learning.Purpose:?This study has two major research questions: (1) How are Chinese parents involved in young children's learning?; and
Wolf, Kathy Goetz, Ed.; Lalley, Jacqueline, Ed.
This "Special Focus" issue of "America's Family Support Magazine," focuses on parent leadership and family involvement. Articles pertaining to this focus include: (1) "Forging Equal Partnerships" (Ahsan); (2) "Who Best Represents the Voice of Parents?" (Foster); (3) "Parent Leadership Training Programs" (Baum); (4) "Parents as Family Support…
Garcia, Delia C.
The Children and Parents Interacting program is a federally funded Title VII project designed to create and promote greater Hispanic parent involvement in the educational system. The program represents a joint effort of Monroe and Dade County Public Schools and Florida International University's Center for Latino Education. The major thrust of the…
DePlanty, Jennifer; Coulter-Kern, Russell; Duchane, Kim A.
The authors sought to understand the types of parent involvement that teachers, parents, and students believe affect the academic achievement of adolescent learners at the junior high school level. Research that included focus groups, interviews, and surveys indicated that teachers and students believed that parent involvement at school was…
Opportunities for Parent Involvement The Parents Leadership Program welcomes parent involvement parents and spread the word about Carnegie Mellon... Host a summer welcome reception Attend a summer welcome reception as a parent greeter Host/organize a Tartan Tea or small dinner for parents in your area
Pruitt, Toni Richardson
Numerous researchers have focused on the importance of parental involvement in education, with a strong consensus among researchers that parental involvement supports student achievement. However, there is a lack of consensus about what constitutes parental involvement and what aspects of parental involvement most benefit the student. The purpose…
Asserts that parent education is vital to good dental hygiene for the whole family. Discusses what Head Start staffers can do to ensure that children's dental needs are being met, particularly in assisting parents with taking responsibility for children's dental hygiene. Covers dental care tips for parents, questions and answers about dental…
Green, Christa L.; Hoover-Dempsey, Kathleen V.
Although homeschooling is growing in popularity in the United States, little systematic research has focused on this population. Grounded in the parental involvement literature, this study examines why parents decide to home-school. Parents of 136 homeschooled elementary children completed questionnaires assessing constructs derived from the…
Sink, Robert Corey
There are few issues in education that get as much attention as the need for improvement of parental and community involvement in and support for local schools. School faculties want to know how to improve the way they work with families and community members to better meet the needs of their students and parents want to find how to best…
Overstreet, Stacy; Devine, Joel; Bevans, Katherine; Efreom, Yael
Predictors of parental school involvement were examined within a sample of 159 economically disadvantaged, African American parents living in an urban setting. School involvement was defined in terms of parent activity within the school. Parent demographics, attitudes about education, and community engagement behaviors as well as parent…
Catchpole, Kimberly; Arnett, Nate
Youth service providers recognize that involving families in children's learning is critical to academic achievement and overall healthy development. Yet youth service providers face ongoing challenges engaging families in out-of-school time programs. The authors, administrators of a nationally recognized youth development program, share…
Montgomery, Joel R.
The purpose of this working paper is to review current literature on literacy programs for parents of English language learners (ELLs). The paper includes a summary of five literacy programs for ELL parents throughout the United States of America. Four of these were system-wide interventions affecting more than one school or classroom. Each…
C Skene; P Curtis; K Gerrish; L Franck
BackgroundPrevious research has described the experiences of parents in the neonatal unit. Many feel excluded from their baby's care and unable to fulfil what they perceive to be their parental role, which includes providing comfort and protecting from pain. The aim of the study was to explore what happens when parents are given specific information and encouraged to become involved
Hunter, Danny D.
To tap the resources, knowledge, and expertise of parents, a West Virginia middle school initiated a parent-involvement program in fall 1992. The parents created their own program, the Red Apple Corps, which planned and promoted a back-to-school day, a birthday bulletin board, a tutoring program, a school pride award, and the school newspaper.…
Jaleel K. Abdul-Adil; Alvin David Farmer
Parental involvement in schools is a national priority for both educators and researchers to promote the successful schooling of contemporary youth. Contemporary parental involvement research has produced some promising findings, but parental involvement efforts with inner-city African Americans are currently limited by problems of research methodology and program foci. Certain research studies do, however, demonstrate that inner-city African American parents
Wang, Ming-Te; Sheikh-Khalil, Salam
Parental involvement in education remains important for facilitating positive youth development. This study conceptualized parental involvement as a multidimensional construct--including school-based involvement, home-based involvement, and academic socialization--and examined the effects of different types of parental involvement in 10th grade on…
Korfmacher, Jon; Green, Beth; Staerkel, Fredi; Peterson, Carla; Cook, Gina; Roggman, Lori; Faldowski, Richard A.; Schiffman, Rachel
This review provides an overview of an important aspect of early childhood home visiting research: understanding how parents are involved in program services and activities. Involvement is defined as the process of the parent connecting with and using the services of a program to the best of the client's and the program's ability. The term…
Kolbert, Jered B.; Schultz, Danielle; Crothers, Laura M.
A recent meta-analysis of bullying prevention programs provides support for social-ecological theory, in which parent involvement addressing child bullying behaviors is seen as important in preventing school-based bullying. The purpose of this manuscript is to suggest how Epstein and colleagues' parent involvement model can be used as a…
Holloway, Susan D.; Yamamoto, Yoko; Suzuki, Sawako; Mindnich, Jessica D.
This study examined how demographic and psychological factors shape the involvement of Japanese mothers in their children's education. The five demographic variables studied were family income, maternal education, family size, mothers' employment status, and sex of the child. Three forms of parental cognition were also studied: mothers'…
This study examines the ways in which a group of Korean American parents perceived and responded to institutional inequalities in a family-school partnership. In their school, which had a growing Asian population, the dominant group's middle-class perspective on parent involvement became normal and operated as an overarching structure. Drawing…
Sivanes Phillipson; Shane N. Phillipson
This study describes the validation and interpretation of the Parents' Attributions and Perception Questionnaire (PAPQ) using confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch modelling to report both the construct validity and category structure of the scales in the questionnaire. The PAPQ was developed to reflect the proposal that parents mediate the relationship between their children's social and psychological development, and their academic
Phillipson, Sivanes; Phillipson, Shane N.
This study describes the validation and interpretation of the Parents' Attributions and Perception Questionnaire (PAPQ) using confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch modelling to report both the construct validity and category structure of the scales in the questionnaire. The PAPQ was developed to reflect the proposal that parents mediate the…
Riley, Dave; Eisenmann, Kathleen; Gruenewald, Mary
How can educators ensure that a good parenting program continues to be offered in the community year after year? A project in Wisconsin illustrates one way to create this sustained commitment and funding. This project has worked well, has been fairly easy and inexpensive, and has even led to new opportunities for parenting education. The project…
Educational research strongly suggests that parental involvement is beneficial for academic achievement and scholarly studies have pointed to parents' seminal role in the education of young children as well as the need for continued nurture. Researchers indicate that parental involvement, however, tends to diminish over time and in many cases…
Parental involvement in children's schooling has been repeatedly shown to be positively and significantly correlated with a number of positive child outcomes. Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler (1995) proposed a multivariate model of parental involvement. There are indications that the model should be adjusted to include mediating effects of parental role constructions. Further, this model has not been tested in educational systems
Schools flush with students' parents showing up and helping out have long been the envy of those where classrooms echo on back-to-school night. But in recent years, incidents reported in the news media have dabbed shadows on that glowing picture of parent involvement, raising issues about whether demanding adults have made teachers' jobs harder…
Clark, Kathryn; Pillion, Jennifer
This report describes a project for increasing parental involvement through the existing reading program. The targeted first and second grade students lived in growing rural, Midwestern, low to middle class communities located in north central Illinois. The problem was noted in literature by researchers who found that parents had a very limited…
Kirk, Chris Michael; Lewis-Moss, Rhonda K.; Nilsen, Corinne; Colvin, Deltha Q.
Parental expectations have long been studied as a factor in increasing adolescent educational aspirations, often linking these expectations to parental level of education and involvement in academic endeavours. This study further explores this relationship in a statewide Midwestern sample of parents and their adolescent children. Regression…
Zedan, Raed F.
This study examined parent involvement in children's education among the Israeli Arab population and the degree of influence of various background factors on their involvement. The correlations between parent involvement and pupil achievement were examined in relation to the characteristics of the pupils (i.e., age, gender). About 400 parents…
In the past two decades, a great deal of energy has been dedicated to improving children's education by increasing parents' involvement in school. However, the evidence on the effec- tiveness of parental involvement is uneven. Whereas policy makers and theorists have assumed that parental involvement has wide-ranging positive consequences, many studies have shown that it is negatively associated with some
Smith, Joanna; Wohlstetter, Priscilla; Kuzin, Chuan Ally; De Pedro, Kris
Decades of research point to the benefits of parent involvement in education. However, research has also shown that White, middle-class parents are disproportionately involved. Charter schools, as schools of choice, have been assumed to have fewer involvement barriers for minority and low-income parents, but a 2007 survey of charter leaders found…
Rollande Deslandes; Richard Bertrand
Inspired by K. V. Hoover-Dempsey and H. M. Sandler's (1995, 1997) model of the parent involvement process, the authors examined 4 psychological constructs of parent involvement: (a) relative strength of parents' role construction, (b) parents' self-efficacy for helping adolescents succeed in school, (c) parents' perceptions of teacher invitations to become involved, and (d) parents' perceptions of students' invitations to become
Teresa Mauldin; Yoko Mimura; Mark Lino
This study examined selected factors related to parents' allocation of money for children's primary and secondary education and, if money was spent on education, the variation in the amount spent. Cragg's double-hurdle model was utilized to analyze data from the 1996 Consumer Expenditure Survey on 331 families that spent money on their children's primary and secondary education and 827 families
Moxley-Haegert, L; Serbin, L A
This study compared the effectiveness of developmental education for parents with parent education in child management and with a no-education control condition in motivating parents to participate in home treatment programs for developmentally delayed infants. 39 delayed infants, matched for age and severity of delay, and their families were randomly assigned to the 3 treatment groups. The subsequent differential effectiveness of home treatment programs, in terms of the infants' developmental gains, was then examined. Results indicated that the children in the developmental education group gained a greater number of skills, and their parents participated more in the assigned home treatment programs than did parents in the other 2 groups. At follow-up approximately 1 year later, parents who received developmental education continued to participate more than the other parents in their child's treatment program. Developmental education appears to enable parents to discriminate small developmental gains, facilitating the intrinsic motivation involved in working with their children. PMID:6194944
Kenner, Lynn; Gribbin, Randall
To ensure the success of its enrichment activities program, a Texas elementary school formed principal assistants committees (PACs) comprised of highly diverse community volunteer coordinators. In the PAC program, parents, nonparents, and educators work together, sharing problems and solutions while supporting each others' efforts. Sidebars list…
...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Student, parent and community involvement. 210.12...Participation § 210.12 Student, parent and community involvement. (a) General...promote activities to involve students and parents in the Program. Such...
...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Student, parent and community involvement. 210.12...Participation § 210.12 Student, parent and community involvement. (a) General...promote activities to involve students and parents in the Program. Such...
...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Student, parent and community involvement. 210.12...Participation § 210.12 Student, parent and community involvement. (a) General...promote activities to involve students and parents in the Program. Such...
...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Student, parent and community involvement. 210.12...Participation § 210.12 Student, parent and community involvement. (a) General...promote activities to involve students and parents in the Program. Such...
...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Student, parent and community involvement. 210.12...Participation § 210.12 Student, parent and community involvement. (a) General...promote activities to involve students and parents in the Program. Such...
The Parent Information Network (PIN) is an initiative of the Arizona Department of Education to involve families of special education students. Led by parents of children with special needs, PIN provides information and technical assistance to families and educators throughout the state. The primary role is to facilitate the volunteer steering…
Rogers, Maria A.; Theule, Jennifer; Ryan, Bruce A.; Adams, Gerald R.; Keating, Leo
This study used path analytic techniques and an ecological framework to examine the association between children's perceptions of their parents' educational involvement, children's personal characteristics, and their school achievement. Fathers' academic pressure was predictive of lower achievement, whereas mothers' encouragement and support…
Fine, Marvin J., Ed.; Lee, Steven W., Ed.
This collection of papers identifies programs designed to educate and meet the needs of diverse parents. The 16 papers are: (1) "American Families in the 1990s and Beyond" (Dennis H. Karpowitz); (2) "Gender Issues in Parenting: Parenting Teenage Girls" (Lauren Ayers); (3) "Teaching about Sexual Diversity: A New Frontier for Parenthood Educators"…
Sudduth, Charletta D.
Parent involvement may have implications for student achievement (Epstein, 1986; Hoover-Dempsey, Bassler, & Brisse, 1987; Lopez, Scribner, & Mahitivanichcha, 2001). Today African-American parents are frequently criticized for not being involved enough in their students' education (Dearing, Kreider, Simpkins, & Weiss, 2006). African-American parent…
Patricia A. Bauch; Ellen B. Goldring
School choice advocates maintain that parents who choose their schools will be involved. This study asks: (a) What are the characteristics of families who prefer different types of choice arrangements and what are their reasons for choosing? (b) How are parents involved in their children's education under different types of choice arrangements? (c) How do schools respond to parents under
Jill Blackmore; Kirsten Hutchison
Parental involvement in schools, generally seen to be a good thing, is now closely linked through policy to the educational achievement of their children. In this Victorian case study, teacher and parent responses to policies advocating parental involvement are examined. It explores the intersections of gender and class in the context of changing home\\/school relationships characterised by policies and processes
Clausell, Arlene Midget
The research problem is: Many parents are not involved in their children's early literacy education. Some Head Start parents experience issues that keep them from teaching their children early literacy skills. The research questions were: What are the factors for parental involvement in the support of early literacy skill development for their…
Parent involvement is of critical import in the education field in the fast developing country, China. However, since child development and childhood education are still new areas in China, the knowledge of and concepts for improving parent involvement in China's public schools is still very limited. Due to certain cultural and historical…
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how the parental involvement perceptions, practices, and influences of low-income African Americans in an intermediate school setting are affected by low-incomes. Although involving African American parents in the educational process is a difficult task for educators (Alldred & Edwards, 2000;…
William H. Jeynes
This study investigated the relationship between parental involvement and their children being picked on or bullied and being discriminated against based on their race during their elementary and secondary school years. The influence of parental involvement on academic achievement during that period was also examined. Specific aspects of parental involvement and an overall parental involvement variable were examined. Two different
Sharon E. Robertson; John G. Paterson
The effects of a 10-week Dreikurs parent education program was investigated in terms of maternal attitudes, expressed practices, and parent-child behaviors. Variables assessed included maternal control, maturity demands, communication and nurturance. Using a Posttest-Only Control Group design, 60 mothers of kindergarten children in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, were randomly selected from a pool of 81 volunteers. The mothers (Ss) were randomly
Deslandes, Rollande; Bertrand, Richard
Inspired by K. V. Hoover-Dempsey and H. M. Sandler's (1995, 1997) model of the parent involvement process, the authors examined 4 psychological constructs of parent involvement: (a) relative strength of parents' role construction, (b) parents' self-efficacy for helping adolescents succeed in school, (c) parents' perceptions of teacher invitations…
Rashmi Garg; Stella Melanson; Elizabeth Levin
Youth from single-parent families report lower educational aspirations than those from two-parent families. This study explored\\u000a the influence of background factors (gender, grade, parental education and SES), parental involvement with education, academic self-concept, and peer influences on educational aspirations. The participants\\u000a were Canadian adolescents; 2751 from two parent and 681 from single-parent families. ANOVA results showed that adolescents\\u000a from single-parent
National Indian Child Abuse and Neglect Resource Center, Tulsa, OK.
The second in a series on parenting education for American Indians, the booklet offers information on health and hygiene for the mother-to-be and the newborn baby. Chapters include care during pregnancy, mother's weight, mother's health, feeding newborns, washing the baby, baby's early diet, and baby's health care. (ERB)
Gofen, Anat; Blomqvist, Paula
Parental involvement in public education is an expression of joint responsibility between parents and the state in which parents are expected to "comply" with current educational policy. Moreover, parents are often perceived as "reactive," whereas the educational administration is seen as proactive, mainly by reducing barriers…
, positive parenting skills and behaviors, school readiness, parental school involvement, adult educationGrant Title: AVANCE'S HISPANIC PARENT-CHILD EDUCATION PROGRAM Funding Opportunity Number: N Parent-Child Education Program (PCEP) model in its entirety in the selected organizations' communities
Garg, Rashmi; Melanson, Stella; Levin, Elizabeth
Youth from single-parent families report lower educational aspirations than those from two-parent families. This study explored the influence of background factors (gender, grade, parental education and SES), parental involvement with education, academic self-concept, and peer influences on educational aspirations. The participants were Canadian…
Hiatt, Diana Buell
The pendulum has swung from strong parent involvement in the home- and community-based schools of the agrarian 17th century to the bureaucratic factory-model schools of the industrial revolution. Today's parents are making inroads. The tension between professional educators and parents is being expressed in open forums such as…
Helgesen, Rhonda L.
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) established guidelines pertaining to student achievement and included requirements regarding parental involvement and communication between the school and home. Various issues stand in the way of realizing the level of parental engagement desired by educators and ordered by NCLB. Parental participation…
David H. Arnold; Alexandra Zeljo; Greta L. Doctoroff; Camilo Ortiz
The present study examined the relation between parent involvement in preschool and children's preliteracy skills. It also examined socioeconomic status (SES), parent depression, and single-parent status as predictors of parent involve- ment. Participants were 163 preschool-aged children from mostly low-income families, their parents, and their teachers. Teachers rated parent involvement, and preliteracy skills were assessed with standardized tests. Greater parent
Morlan, Donna; And Others
In 1974, the Facilitating Educational Achievement through Telecommunications (FEATT) project began a study to test the efficacy of specially produced video cassettes to teach parents of severely handicapped children how to instruct their children in basic psychomotor skills. Fifty families in Northern Indiana agreed to field test the tapes.…
Wong, Shuk Wa
differences in parent involvement. Parents and teachers provided information on parent involvement for 476 first-grade children attending one of three school districts (1 urban, 2 small city) in Southwest Texas, who were recruited in two sequential cohorts...
Kaye, Cathryn Berger
This guide focuses on the crucial role parents have regarding children and service. Section 1, developing a strategy for parent involvement, discusses parent support for service learning at school and parents' reinforcement of family participation in community service. Section 2, keeping parents informed, addresses three topics: information to…
Dignam, Christopher Anthony
This qualitative research study addressed the problem of the lack of parental involvement in secondary school science. Increasing parental involvement is vital in supporting student academic achievement and social growth. The purpose of this emergent phenomenological study was to identify conditions required to successfully construct a supportive learning environment to form partnerships between students, parents, and educators. The overall research question in this study investigated the conditions necessary to successfully enlist parental participation with students during science inquiry investigations at the secondary school level. One hundred thirteen pairs of parents and students engaged in a 6-week scientific inquiry activity and recorded attitudinal data in dialogue journals, questionnaires, open-ended surveys, and during one-one-one interviews conducted by the researcher between individual parents and students. Comparisons and cross-interpretations of inter-rater, codified, triangulated data were utilized for identifying emergent themes. Data analysis revealed the active involvement of parents in researching with their child during inquiry investigations, engaging in journaling, and assessing student performance fostered partnerships among students, parents, and educators and supported students' social skills development. The resulting model, employing constructivist leadership and enlisting parent involvement, provides conditions and strategies required to develop a community of practice that can help effect social change. The active involvement of parents fostered improved efficacy and a holistic mindset to develop in parents, students, and teachers. Based on these findings, the interactive collaboration of parents in science learning activities can proactively facilitate a community of practice that will assist educators in facilitating social change.
Guerra, Patricia L.; Nelson, Sarah W.
This study reviews 20 years (1990-2010) of scholarly literature on parent involvement related to Latino parents. Parent involvement behaviors of Latino parents were identified and analyzed according to the dimensions of culture theoretical framework--specifically, the dimension of individualism-collectivism (Hofstede, 1984, 1997; Triandis, 1995;…
Wong, Shuk Wa; Hughes, Jan N.
This study examined ethnic and language group differences on dimensions of parent-rated and teacher-rated parent involvement after adjusting for the influence of family socioeconomic factors. A total of 179 teachers and 481 parents provided information on parent school involvement for a sample of ethnically and linguistically diverse first-grade…
Snell, Patricia; Miguel, Nola; East, Jean
This paper examines the implementation of a participatory action research study as a parent involvement strategy in one urban, Colorado middle school thought to have low parental involvement. Parent leaders from the middle school community participated in the data collection, analysis, and dissemination as "promotora researchers." These parent…
Valdez, Carmen R.; Shewakramani, Vansa; Goldberg, Simon; Padilla, Brian
Although it is widely accepted that parental depression is associated with problems with children’s socioemotional adjustment, the pathways by which parental depression influences children’s adjustment, particularly in low-income Latino children are not fully understood. In our investigation of 1,462 low-income Latino children in the first grade and their Spanish- and English-dominant parents, a factor analysis revealed three main pathways of possible influence of parent involvement in children’s social development: emotional involvement and educational involvement at home and at school. The findings from multigroup structural equation modeling revealed that whereas the first two pathways mediated the effect of parental depression on child social competence for Spanish-dominant parents, only emotional involvement explained parental depression effects for English-dominant parents. Parent educational involvement at school did not mediate parental depression effects for either Spanish- or English-dominant Latino parents. Discussion and implications of findings with respect to research, practice, and policy with Latinos follow. PMID:23325021
Oryan, Shlomit; Gastil, John
Some prominent parent education theories in the United States and other Western countries base their educational viewpoint explicitly on democratic values, such as mutual respect, equality and personal freedom. These democratic parenting theories advocate sharing power with children and including them in family decision making. This study presents…
Arnold, David H.; Zeljo, Alexandra; Doctoroff, Greta L.; Ortiz, Camilo
The present study examined the relation between parent involvement in preschool and children's preliteracy skills. It also examined socioeconomic status (SES), parent depression, and single-parent status as predictors of parent involvement. Participants were 163 preschool-aged children from mostly low-income families, their parents, and their…
Kabir, Ariful Haq; Akter, Farjana
Parental involvement with secondary schools is a relatively new concept in the Bangladeshi education perspective. The formation of School Management Committee (SMC) and various programs carried out by the secondary schools have created opportunities for parents as community members to be involved in secondary schools in Bangladesh. This article…
Balsamo, Michael J.
Evidence suggests that parents who extensively use technology and have a high socioeconomic status (SES) may become overly involved with their elementary school-aged children's education and school-related activities, an involvement which can create a lasting dependence of the children on their parents. The literature indicates high…
Effective parent involvement programmes depend primarily on the capacities of teachers to work effectively with families in school- based initiatives. However, teachers generally receive little preparation for parent involvement. Responding to this need, an in-service teacher education programme has been introduced at a South African university. Teachers enrolled in the programme are required to complete a field-based assignment entailing the
Koch, Cotton S.
The importance of home-to-school and school-to-home communication and parental involvement is well documented by researchers and acknowledged by practitioners. A number of earlier studies argue that there is a positive association between two-way communication, parental involvement, and student achievement at all levels of K-12 education. However,…
Levine, Kathryn A.; Sutherland, Dawn
Parent involvement in children's education remains one of the most significant predictors for children's academic achievement. This finding generally holds across the range of social group categories including race, culture, class, and family structure. However, relatively little research has been conducted on parental involvement in…
Shumow, Lee; Lyutykh, Elena; Schmidt, Jennifer A.
Demographic and psychological predictors of parent involvement with their children's science education both at home and at school were examined during high school. Associations between both types of parent involvement and numerous academic outcomes were tested. Data were collected from 244 high school students in 12 different science classrooms…
1 Getting Parents Involved: A Field Experiment in Deprived Schools.1 Francesco Avvisati, Marc on the causal effect of parents' involvement at school on pupils' cognitive and non-cognitive skills. Furthermore, it shows how the impact of more involved parents on their children is amplified at the class
Hilado, Aimee V.; Kallemeyn, Leanne; Phillips, Lauren
The importance of parent involvement in children's development and learning is increasingly recognized in the research literature and in federal and state policies; however, no unified definition of parent involvement exists. This study examined different understandings and definitions of parent involvement in a sample of administrators of…
Smith, Douglas W.
Surveys the perceptions and practices of 333 South Carolina middle-school teachers regarding parent involvement in their schools. Finds, for example, that teachers strongly supported having their students' parents involved in the schools. Discusses teacher suggestions for encouraging parental involvement using approaches that fell into two…
Mannix-Lesh, Delane Sharon
Literature shows that parental involvement impacts student performance, but many schools struggle to maintain parents' involvement. The relationship between teacher invitations and parents' willingness to get involved has been studied as part of the struggle. This correlational study investigated the association between the beliefs of…
Wendy S. Grolnick; Corina Benjet; Carolyn O. Kurowski; Nicholas H. Apostoleris
The authors combined a multilevel model of parental context with a multidimensional conceptualization of parent involvement to examine the factors influencing parents’ involvement in their children’s schooling. Three sets of factors were identified: parent and child characteristics, family context, and teacher behavior and attitudes. A diverse sample of 209 mothers, their 3rd–5th grade children, and 28 teachers participated. Parents, teachers,
Corinne E Archie-Edwards
The purpose of this study was to identify common themes about parental involvement as reflected in the perceptions\\/opinions of parents and administrators who are part of an urban public school district. The premise being, if we can identify key themes\\/practices that articulate what parents\\/administrators believe contribute to positive parental involvement to support student achievement, then we can define what parental
Rajni Dhingra; Sarika Manhas; Neetu Sethi
The present paper examined the participation of parents in school related activities. It further aimed to list various means of communication used by parents to get information about their child's school performance and to suggest intervention strategies for improvement of parent school relationship. The sample for the study comprised of 1000 parents of school going children (Classes I-V) selected by
Kenneth H. Beck; Susan J. Lockhart
This article presents a model of parental involvement in prevention of teenage drinking and driving. Research findings are reviewed on why adolescents drink and drive, and what parents' knowledge, attitudes, and practices are related to youthful impaired driving. Reasons for parents' ineffectiveness at intervening to prevent their teenagers from drinking and driving are described. It is suggested that parents' effectiveness
Horvat, Erin McNamara; Curci, Juliet DiLeo; Partlow, Michelle Chaplin
Scholarship on parent-principal relationships often ignores how some parental involvement can create challenges for school leaders. We analyze parent-principal relationships at an urban public K-8 school over a 30-year period, exploring how three different principals "managed" parental involvement. Our analysis reveals how these principals…
McKenna, Maria K.; Millen, Jessica
Educators' expectations and understandings of parental involvement in our nation's schools are often disconnected from the reality of students' home lives. This qualitative study purports that educators often lose opportunities to more fully understand and serve students, particularly when perceptions of parental involvement and…
In order to develop baseline information from which strengths and weaknesses of present parent education services could be identified, this study examined parent education in a sparsely populated rural state. The participants, 358 professionals in education and social service, were asked to respond to a mail survey within 2 weeks. No follow-up…
Hwang, Young Suk; Vrongistinos, Konstantinos
This study examined 32 Hispanic parents' perceptions of education, especially, (a) parent's motivation for their children's career choice, (b) their perceptions of education, and (c) informal means of education at home. The data were collected using openended questions and were analyzed using content analysis. Findings in this study provide…
Oryan, Shlomit; Gastil, John
Some prominent parent education theories in the United States and other Western countries base their educational viewpoint explicitly on democratic values, such as mutual respect, equality and personal freedom. These democratic parenting theories advocate sharing power with children and including them in family decision making. This study presents a textual analysis of two such theories, the Adlerian model of parent education and the Parent Effectiveness Training (PET) model, as they are embodied in two original bestselling textbooks. Through content and argumentation analysis of these influential texts, this study examines the paradoxes inherent in these two theories when they articulate how to implement fully democratic principles within the parent-child relationship. We discover that in spite of their democratic rationale, both books offer communication practices that guide the child to modify misbehaviour, enforce parental power, and manipulate the child to make decisions that follow parental judgment, and thus do not endorse the use of a truly democratic parenting style. We suggest, as an alternative to the democratic parenting style, that parents be introduced to a guardianship management style, in which they do not share authority with children, but seek opportunities for enabling children to make more autonomous decisions and participate in more family decision making.
The importance of parent involvement in Parents who monitor their student's schoolwork and daily activities, communicate frequently with teachers and help develop schools and its relationship to student achievement have been widely studied. Nevertheless, many principals and teachers report that lack of parent involvement continues to be an…
VERONICA T. BEASLEY HUNTER
For decades, parental involvement has had a direct impact on the success of children. Portions of the No Child Left Behind Act include important requirements for schools, districts, and states to organize programs for parental involvement and to implement ways to communicate with parents and the public about student achievement and the quality and performance of schools. According to Gonzalez
Archer-Banks, Diane A. M.; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.
The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence African American parents' involvement in their children's middle school experiences. Two focus group interviews were conducted with African American parents. While the participants viewed parent involvement as important, they reported that family structure and socioeconomic…
Audrey Addi-Raccah; Ronit Ainhoren
This study probes teachers' attitudes toward parental involvement in schools as a function of four types of school governance as suggested by Bauch and Goldring. Participants of the study included headteachers, chairpersons of parents' committees, and teachers of 11 primary schools in a medium-sized town in Israel. A discriminant analysis found different profiles of teachers' attitudes toward parental involvement: resistant
Huntsinger, Carol S.; Jose, Paul E.
Three types of parent involvement--communicating, volunteering at school, and learning at home--were explored in two cultures within the United States. Immigrant Chinese parents and European American parents of young children reflect their different traditions in the ways they involve themselves in their child's academic life. European American…
Beck, Kenneth H.; Lockhart, Susan J.
A model of parental involvement in the prevention of teenage drinking and driving is presented. It is suggested that parents' effectiveness at intervening to prevent teenagers from drinking and driving depends on their stage of involvement. Parents are often unaware of the true extent and nature of teen drinking. (SLD)
Linda J. Sax; Katherine Lynk Wartman
\\u000a Although parental involvement in higher education has received significant attention on college campuses and by the media,\\u000a this topic has received scarce consideration in the empirical literature on college student development. The chapter begins\\u000a with a review of theoretical concepts and methodologies used in research on parental involvement in higher education. Next,\\u000a the chapter reviews relevant findings from this body
Many faculty and staff working in higher education lament the increasing involvement of the parents of their college-aged students. They denigrate such individuals as "helicopter" parents, and when the contact occurs in person as opposed to through the phone or email, they call them "lawn mower" parents. The whole issue of parental involvement is…
Cummings, Rhoda; Maddux, Cleborne D.
Parents who do not attend school meetings regarding their learning disabled children are classified as apathetic, burned-out, intimidated, or resigned. Suggestions are made of ways teachers can promote parent involvement. (CL)
This study of parental involvement in high school focused on parents' descriptions of their experiences of involvement. The study is best described as a qualitative study. Guided by a phenomenological approach, the researcher attempted to describe parents' experiences of involvement in their child's high school and elicit themes…
Much evidence has suggested that parents and educators often have very different perceptions about the reasons for low student performance, the appropriate role for parents in the school, and the role of the principal (Abrams and Gibbs, 2000). Conflicting opinions about the parent role in the school often creates misunderstanding and frustration.…
Gordon, Virginia; Nocon, Honorine
Government programs currently mandate direct parental input in school governance. In comparing the actions of low-income Latino parents with those of middle-income White and Asian parents within the context of school governance, we found that although both groups actively sought and achieved reforms in order to improve their children's education,…
Quadri, Khadijat O.
Purpose: The purpose of this position paper was to examine the impact of school based parent involvement activities on parent efficacy. Methodology: The paper explores research studies into school based activities on long term parent efficacy. Conclusions: Most schools are involving parents in school-based activities in a variety of ways but the…
This paper analyzes whether there exists a causal relationship between parental employment and children's educational attainment. We address potential endogeneity problems due to (i) selection of parents in the labor market by estimating a model on sibling differences and (ii) reverse causality by focusing on parents' employment when children are…
Iheoma U. Iruka
This study investigated the relationship between parents' self-efficacy, parent involvement, and preschooler's school readiness. A multidimensional framework consisting of domain-specific and domain-general self-efficacy and involvement and domains of school readiness was used. Due to the lack of parent self-efficacy and parent involvement measures focused on preschoolers' school readiness, new measures for these constructs were developed and validated. A structural equation
Tan, Edwin T.; Goldberg, Wendy A.
From an ecological perspective, it is important to examine linkages among key settings in the child's life. The current study focuses on parents' involvement in children's education both at school and at home. Ninety-one families with school-aged children (91 fathers and 91 mothers) participated in a survey study assessing the levels of parental…
Githembe, Purity Kanini
The purpose of this study was to examine involvement of African refugee parents in the education of their elementary school children. The setting of the study was Northern and Southern Texas. African refugee parents and their children's teachers completed written surveys and also participated in interviews. In the study's mixed-method design,…
Dever, Martha T.; Burts, Diane C.
The Family Literacy Bags (FLB) project is a parent involvement and education innovation designed to engage children and their families in reading books in Spanish or English at home. Findings from inquiry at four primarily rural, middle-class school districts suggest that the FLB project encouraged home book reading. Parents learned effective ways…
Involving parents in school management is one of the recommendations in the framework of school-based management (SBM) in Hong Kong. Thus, to set the platform for home-school cooperation in school management, there is a need to develop a partnership between parents and school in the current education reform movement in Hong Kong. The innovation…
Noller, Patricia; Taylor, Robert
Examined effects of parenting courses (Parent Effectiveness Training or Systematic Training for Effective Parenting) on family relationships in 31 married couples. Found courses were generally seen as beneficial; revealed no perceived differences in the two courses. (Author/ABL)
Nam, Bu-Hyun; Park, Duk-Byeong
The study aimed to examine the perceptions of immigrant parents regarding their school's efforts to encourage three types of parent involvement: Parenting, Communicating, and Learning at Home. The sample includes 106 immigrant parents with children who were enrolled in English Language Learners programmes at 10 schools in a suburban school…
Part of the dominant story of school involves educators entering a community, claiming the ground called "school," and designing and enacting policies, procedures, and programs for the children in the community. Most often they do this in isolation of parents and community members. Because they have professional education, knowledge and…
Koetzsch, Ronald E.
Recognizing that parents have a great range of options in choosing and creating an education for their child, this book is designed to help parents make an informed, conscious choice about their child's schooling. Chapters in the first part of the guide provide an overview of American education, the mainstream public sector and alternative…
Yongmin Sun; Daryl Hobbs; William Elder; Dongchu Sun
Educational research has long noted the impact of parental involvement with the school on a student's educational success. Despite decades of research, only a few studies have attempted to identify factors that account for variations in parental involvement. In this study, we have employed Coleman's notion of social capital to study the effects of family structure and residence location on
Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA.
A selection of four papers from those presented at the CEC Northwest Regional Conference (Vancouver, British Columbia, October 21-24, 1970) deals with the involvement of parents in school programs. Beryl Gridley briefly skims the area of work with parents of exceptional children while Vera Brinson details work with parents of preschoolers. Ila…
"Involving Parents in Their Children's Learning" is the story of the pioneering work of the Pen Green Centre for children and families. Showing how early years practitioners can collaborate effectively with parents, the book includes case studies of parents and children who have attended the centre, studies which chart developments in learning for…
Bauch, Jerold P.
A study was conducted to implement and evaluate the Transparent School Model for improving parent involvement in nine Indiana schools. The Model uses computer-based voice messaging to exchange information between teachers and parents. Teachers record a brief message for parents that describes what was taught, special learning events, homework…
Bastian, Joni J.
This qualitative research study was based on interviews with 17 persons who had traditional-age undergraduate students currently attending college. The purpose was to explore the parents' perception of the parent-student relationship regarding their degree of parental involvement with their college students' experiences and to explore if that…
Cheung, Cecilia Sin-Sze; Pomerantz, Eva M.
This research examined the idea that children's parent-oriented motivation underlies the benefits of parents' involvement on children's engagement and ultimately achievement in school. Beginning in the fall of 7th grade, 825 American and Chinese children (mean age = 12.73 years) reported on their parents' involvement in their learning as well as…
Williams, Terrinieka T.; Sanchez, Bernadette
Previous studies demonstrate the positive effects of parental involvement on student grade point averages (GPAs), standardized tests scores, and other academic outcomes. Because of the positive role of parental involvement on youth academic achievement, many parents and school personnel desire more collaboration between the family and the school.…
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) is the latest revision to federal special education law. There were several exciting new additions to the law that should enhance meaningful parent involvement in their child's special education program. This document provides parents and service providers general information about the…
Brown, Amber L.; Harris, Mary; Jacobson, Arminta; Trotti, Judy
This article describes the Parent Teacher Education Curriculum, a Web-based curriculum focused on instructing teachers about best practices in family involvement and assesses its impact on the knowledge and attitudes of preservice teachers related to family involvement. Pre- and post-measures of preservice teacher candidate knowledge of and…
Lunneblad, Johannes; Johansson, Thomas
Today there is a strong tendency to involve local citizens in community work, and to mobilize social forces in poor urban districts. We will focus on one specific method used to educate and help immigrant parents raise and foster their children. This method is described as part of a wider ambition to integrate and involve immigrants in Swedish…
Waldron, Ingrid; Lye, Diane
Past research has shown that teenagers with less educated parents and teenagers with lower academic aspirations are more likely than their peers to smoke. This study was conducted to provide additional descriptive data concerning the relationships of smoking to parents' education and students' educational aspirations and to provide preliminary…
Grossman, Stuart; Osterman, Karen; Schmelkin, Liora Pedhazur
This study explored parents' beliefs and practices regarding participation in the schools, investigating why they chose to become involved and the types of involvement that were meaningful to them. Researchers mailed surveys to parents of middle school children from two schools in Nassau County, New York, that differed in size, ethnic population,…
Adamski, Aurora; Fraser, Barry J.; Peiro, Maria M.
We investigated relationships between students' perceptions of parental involvement in schooling, their Spanish classroom environment and student outcomes (attitudes and achievement). Modified Spanish versions of the What Is Happening In this Class?, Test of Spanish-Related Attitudes-L[subscript 1], a parental involvement questionnaire and a…
Kellar-Guenther, Yvonne; Rosenberg, Steven A.; Block, Stephen R.; Robinson, Cordelia C.
This study compared levels of parent involvement in early intervention services for children under three which were delivered in community settings (children's homes and child care programs) and specialized settings (early intervention centers and provider offices) in the USA. Respondents reported the highest levels of parental involvement in…
Oyserman, Daphna; Brickman, Daniel; Rhodes, Marjorie
Increased parent school involvement is associated with better academic outcomes; yet, proximal contributors to this effect remain understudied. We focus on one potential proximal contributor, youth's positive and negative future self-images or "possible selves," reasoning that if parent school involvement fosters possible selves, then…
Sandra Jean Ball
The purpose of this study was to define and establish a model for increasing parental involvement in the public school domain. It described how increasing parental involvement in any form benefited student outcomes. This included students achieving higher test scores, higher grades, improved attitudes and behaviors and often it included higher graduation rates for students. This was detailed through a
Bonnie Klimes-Dougan; Jose A. Lopez; Perry Nelson; Howard S. Adelman
An interview and an intervention study are reported. Interview findings extend research on the positive relationship of parent involvement to school success. That is, although most of the low income families reported low-moderate participation, a postive relationship was found between parent involvement and school adjustment as early as kindergarten. With respect to negative valuing and barrier interpretations of low participation,
This document describes a 6-week project to increase parental involvement at the McMillan Nursery School. The first two sections describe the school and present activities developed there. Current activities that involve both the staff and the parents are outlined in the third section. Details of the 6-week project are reported in the fourth…
Harer, John B.
In the author's early days of school librarianship, it did not take long for him to realize that this was not the time to first think of how to involve parents in support of his selections for the library. A lot of good advice exists that suggests ways for parents to be involved that will help support intellectual freedom, as well as lessons…
Rapp, Nicole; Duncan, Heather
Parental involvement is an important indicator of students' success in school. When schools engage families in a manner connected to improving learning, students do make greater gains. Creating and implementing an effective parental involvement model is an essential component in increasing student achievement in school. This article addresses the…
Place, Tamara J.
Research has shown that parental involvement is an important component of students' academic achievement, yet in rural areas, such involvement may be difficult to attain. The purpose of this collective case study was to investigate the perceptions of parents of young elementary students in a rural school district regarding their role in…
Bailey, Shelley Henthorne
Post-secondary education is a path that many individuals take after high school. For students with learning disabilities, post-secondary education is an attainable goal regardless of the academic difficulties they may face. In order to make a successful transition to postsecondary education, it is necessary that students, as well as parents are…
Bicultural Parent Involvement in Public Schools by Edward M.Parent involvement has been discussed from the Eurocentric, middle-class perspective of schools (school policies and practices, the involvement of minority parents
This article reports on an investigation into parental involvement in school activities. The study employed the quantitative approach of data collection, using a questionnaire comprising a profile of respondents, which included their parental involvement in school activities, their satisfaction with the school, their knowledge of legal rights and responsibilities and their involvement with, and concern about, their children's education. The
van den Berg, Marguerite; van Reekum, Rogier
Parent involvement policies have been central in the Dutch push towards educational governance. How the implementation of these policies plays out on the ground is context-dependent. The ethnic and class cleavages impacting the Dutch educational system should be taken into account. On the basis of 50 in-depth interviews with teachers, social…
Anguiano, Ruben Patricio Viramontez
This study examined European American, Latino, Asian American, and Native American parental involvement and their children's high school completion. An examination of how different family structures have an influence on a student's education was conducted. This study used the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) of 1988 and utilized a…
Ruben Patricio Viramontez Anguiano
This study examined European American, Latino, Asian American, and Native American parental involvement and their children’s high school completion. An examination of how different family structures have an influence on a student’s education was conducted. This study used the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) of 1988 and utilized a hierarchical linear model (HLM) for the statistical analysis. Social capital theory
The purpose of this study is to gain insight into how Korean temporary migrant mothers conceptualize the nature of parent involvement in the USA. The participants in this study consisted of Korean mothers who were educated in Korea, migrated temporarily to the USA for educational purposes, and sent their children to American schools. Using the…
Kennon, Suzanne S.; Mackintosh, Virginia H.; Myers, Barbara J.
A parenting curriculum developed for incarcerated mothers was evaluated using a pretest, posttest, follow-up design with 57 women incarcerated in state prisons. Developmental psychologists delivered a 12-session curriculum focused on parenting issues unique to incarcerated parents. Each class met for 2 hours and followed a prepared curriculum that…
Rodriguez, Raymond J.; Blatz, Erin T.; Elbaum, Batya
Individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 96 parents of students with disabilities in 18 schools to explore parents' views of schools' efforts to engage them in their child's education. A mixed-methods approach was used to identify and evaluate the relative importance of eight themes related to schools' efforts…
There has been an alarming imbalance in recent research on minority parental involvement because it has focused on parents’ variables to identify groups for effective interventions without searching for broader contextual variables. This literature review provides available research findings on the school barriers that prevent minority parents’ participation in their children's school in the United States. The following school barriers
Ogletree, Katherine T.
The purpose of this research was to study and examine the perspectives of teachers and parents regarding parent involvement in an elementary school. The research method used was a quantitative analysis of data collected from classroom teachers and parents through four surveys. Four surveys were used in the study in order to: (a) gather data from…
Demircan, Özlen; Erden, Feyza Tantekin
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) and parental involvement beliefs of preschool teachers and the parents of preschool children. Data were collected from 279 teachers and 589 parents via a demographic information questionnaire, "Teachers' Beliefs Scale"…
Lopez, Cynthia Ortiz; Donovan, Loretta
Grounded in J. L. Epstein's (2001) types of involvement, this literature review investigates family-school partnerships that (a) empower Latino families in the area of mathematics education, (b) promote student achievement in mathematics, (c) impact parent-child involvement in mathematics at home, and (d) support Family Math Nights. Family Math…
The author describes a parent art program, how it works, and ways to implement it. She emphasizes the strengths of parent programs as a way to support and enrich existing arts education, not as a replacement. Hansen describes the art kit--the adult's teaching resource--and the basic four-part process: presentation, demonstration, an art activity,…
Lee, Kristen Schultz
Previous models of parental educational investments focus on the composition of the sibship (number, gender, ordering, and spacing) and on the social and institutional context in which investment decisions are made. Social-institutional models predict that parents in Japan are likely to underinvest in girls because of their transient status in the…
Seiferth, Berniece B.; Tyree, Carolyn L.
There are many reasons for implementing a course in parenting education in the schools. Among them are: (1) In the past decade, premarital sex among teenage girls has risen from 30 to 50 percent; (2) One child of every five is born to teenage parents and 94 percent of these teenagers keep their babies; and (3) 90 percent of teenage mothers drop…
Agent Program Planning Information Parent Education Programs http://fcs.tamu.edu/families/parenting/index&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating Strengthening Families Program (SFP). SFP is a six
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Hill, Nancy E.; Tyson, Diana F.
Early adolescence is often marked by changes in school context, family relationships, and developmental processes. In the context of these changes, academic performance often declines, while at the same time the long-term implications of academic performance increase. In promoting achievement across elementary and secondary school levels, the significant role of families, family-school relations, and parental involvement in education has been highlighted. Although there is a growing body of literature focusing on parental involvement in education during middle school, this research has not been systematically examined to determine which types of involvement have the strongest relation with achievement. The authors conducted a meta-analysis on the existing research on parental involvement in middle school to determine whether and which types of parental involvement are related to achievement. Across 50 studies, parental involvement was positively associated with achievement, with the exception of parental help with homework. Involvement that reflected academic socialization had the strongest positive association with achievement. Based on the known characteristics of the developmental stage and tasks of adolescence, strategies reflecting academic socialization are most consistent with the developmental stage of early adolescence. PMID:19413429
Krach, S. Kathleen; Ochoa, Salvador Hector; Palmer, Douglas J.
The authors of this study discuss past research, litigation, and legislation pertaining to the topic of parental involvement in special education. In particular, the study examined parental perceptions of their roles as communicators and decision makers in the special education process in terms of ethnicity and child's educational level. Very few…
Herzog, Melissa J.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Madden-Derdich, Debra A.; Leonard, Stacie A.
Grounded in family systems and ecological theories, this study examined teenage mothers' perceptions of fathers' parental involvement and the role of teenage mothers' gatekeeping beliefs. Fathers' involvement was perceived to be greater when teenage parents were romantically involved (n = 55). When they no longer shared a romantic relationship (n…
Addi-Raccah, Audrey; Ainhoren, Ronit
This study probes teachers' attitudes toward parental involvement in schools as a function of four types of school governance as suggested by Bauch and Goldring. Participants of the study included headteachers, chairpersons of parents' committees, and teachers of 11 primary schools in a medium-sized town in Israel. A discriminant analysis found…
This qualitative study compares the attitudes of teachers and school counselors toward parents' involvement in school. The method and procedure is: A semi-structured interview (four open questions on informing parents about school, the child, strengths, and challenges) was conducted with 12 Israeli elementary-school teachers and 11 Israeli…
National Science Teachers Association (NJ1), 2009
The National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) believes the involvement of parents and other caregivers in their children's learning is crucial to their children's interest in and ability to learn science. Research shows that when parents play an active role, their children achieve greater success as learners, regardless of socioeconomic status,…
The purpose of this study was to relate perceptions of parent involvement to student achievement and school completion rates at a Tennessee high school. A secondary goal of the study was to determine what influence, if any, student demographics had on the perceived levels of parental involvement at this particular school. The study utilized a survey developed at Johns Hopkins
Durkin, Mary Louise
The role of the parent in a child's reading development requires consistent communication with educators about the child's individual needs and progress. National concern for declining reading scores throughout the country begins in the early childhood educational setting. This study, designed as an action research, explored one-way and…
Duganne, Mary Ann; And Others
This handbook documents the ingredients necessary to create successful school-sponsored special education parent support groups. Common characteristics observed in parent groups are outlined, along with principles of effective group functioning, benefits accruing to parents, and benefits for school systems. Also discussed is the assistance offered…
Wei, Chiaying; Kendall, Philip C
Anxiety disorders are prevalent in youth. Despite demonstrated efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), approximately 40% of anxiety-disordered youth remain unresponsive to treatment. Because developmental and etiological models suggest that parental factors are relevant to the onset and maintenance of childhood anxiety, researchers have proposed and investigated family-based interventions with increased parent work in treatment, aiming to improve the efficacy of treatment for childhood anxiety. However, contrary to what theoretical models suggest, data to date did not indicate additive benefit of family-based CBT in comparison with child-centered modality. Is parent/family involvement unnecessary when treating childhood anxiety disorders? Or could there be the need for specificity (tailored family-based treatment) that is guided by a revised conceptualization that improves the implementation of a family-based intervention? The current review examines (1) relevant parental factors that have been found to be associated with the development and maintenance of childhood anxiety and (2) interventions that incorporate parental involvement. Relevant findings are integrated to formulate a "targeted" treatment approach for parental involvement in CBT for youth anxiety. Specifically, there is potential in the assessment of parent/family factors prior to treatment (for appropriateness) followed by a target-oriented implementation of parent training. PMID:25022818
Johnson, Ursula Yvette
This study examined science achievement growth across elementary and middle school and parent school involvement using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study - Kindergarten Class of 1998--1999 (ECLS-K). The ECLS-K is a nationally representative kindergarten cohort of students from public and private schools who attended full-day or half-day kindergarten class in 1998--1999. The present study's sample (N = 8,070) was based on students that had a sampling weight available from the public-use data file. Students were assessed in science achievement at third, fifth, and eighth grades and parents of the students were surveyed at the same time points. Analyses using latent growth curve modeling with time invariant and varying covariates in an SEM framework revealed a positive relationship between science achievement and parent involvement at eighth grade. Furthermore, there were gender and racial/ethnic differences in parents' school involvement as a predictor of science achievement. Findings indicated that students with lower initial science achievement scores had a faster rate of growth across time. The achievement gap between low and high achievers in earth, space and life sciences lessened from elementary to middle school. Parents' involvement with school usually tapers off after elementary school, but due to parent school involvement being a significant predictor of eighth grade science achievement, later school involvement may need to be supported and better implemented in secondary schooling.
For the study reported in this article, Deaf couples were interviewed at two different times regarding their views on deaf education. Questions in the first interview focused on the parents' views of their preschool children's education as well as their opinion of their "own" school experiences. Questions also covered language use at school and…
Gubrium, Aline C.; Shafer, Miriam B.
Comprehensive sexuality education curricula that incorporate sex positive and integrated approaches go beyond a presentation of facts and strategies for prevention to emphasize the promotion of sexual subjectivity and wellbeing. A pilot sensual sexuality education program was planned, implemented and informally evaluated with young parenting women…
Puffert, Miriam Torvik
This model describes an educational intervention program, designed to meet the special needs of pregnant and parent teenagers by helping students to develop skills in optimal functioning and self-awareness and to build responsibility in fulfilling a new role. The program components deal with vocational and family life education to learn about…
Levpuscek, Melita Puklek; Zupancic, Maja
Contributions of parental involvement in educational pursuits as well as math teachers' classroom behavior to students' motivation and performance in math were investigated. By the end of the first school term, 365 Slovene eighth graders reported on their parents' academic involvement (pressure, support, and help) and their math teachers' behavior…
A study was conducted to determine: (1) the extent to which the Alternative Pre-School Program (APSP) affected Brazilian parents' and children's attitudes toward school; and (2) the extent to which parents encouraged children to repeat at home the skill development activities they experienced at school. The program, which provided educational…
Tonge, Bruce; Brereton, Avril; Kiomall, Melissa; MacKinnon, Andrew; King, Neville; Rinehart, Nicole
Objective: To determine the impact of a parent education and behavior management intervention (PEBM) on the mental health and adjustment of parents with preschool children with autism. Method: A randomized, group-comparison design involving a parent education and counseling intervention to control for nonspecific therapist effects and a control…
Lam, Wendy K K; Fals-Stewart, William; Kelley, Michelle L
This pilot study examined effects of Parent Skills with Behavioral Couples Therapy (PSBCT) on substance use, parenting, and relationship conflict among fathers with alcohol use disorders. Male participants (N = 30) entering outpatient alcohol treatment, their female partners, and a custodial child (8 to 12 years) were randomly assigned to (a) PSBCT; (b) Behavioral Couples Therapy (BCT); or (c) Individual-Based Treatment (IBT). Children were not actively involved in treatment. Parents completed measures of substance use, couples' dyadic adjustment, partner violence, parenting, and Child Protection Services (CPS) involvement at pretreatment, posttreatment, 6- and 12-month follow-up. PSBCT was comparable to BCT on substance use, dyadic adjustment, and partner violence; both groups showed clinically meaningful effects over IBT. Compared to BCT, PSBCT resulted in larger effect sizes on parenting and CPS involvement throughout follow-up. PSBCT for fathers may enhance parenting couple- or individual-based treatment, and warrant examination in a larger, randomized efficacy trial. PMID:19502478
Jung-Sook Lee; Natasha K. Bowen
This study examined the level and impact of five types of parent involvement on elementary school children’s academic achievement by race\\/ethnicity, poverty, and parent educational attainment. The sample comprised 415 third through fifth graders who completed the Elementary School Success Profile. Hypotheses from Bourdieu’s theory of cultural capital were assessed with t tests, chi-square statistics, and hierarchical regressions. Consistent with
Wooden, Cherie L.; Anderson, Frances R.
Engaging and supporting parents to provide sexuality education to their children is successful when parents take ownership of the intervention. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the lessons learned from implementing a parent-designed, parent-led sexuality education curriculum for parents of preteens (10-14 year olds). The parents…
Jackson, Barbara L.; And Others
This report is an evaluation of New York City's 1987-88 Parent Involvement Program (PIP). PIP included the following: (1) a Parent Orientation Program focusing on parents of children in grades K-3 in six community school districts; (2) a Citywide Parent Involvement Program; and (3) community school district, borough-wide, and local school Parent…
Veloz, Elizabeth Andrea
The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences existed among generations (Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y) regarding the levels of parental involvement within each of these generations. Also examined were additional factors such as the parents. socioeconomic status, educational level, marital status, and ethnicity. The…
Prins, Esther; Toso, Blaire Willson
The Parent Education Profile (PEP) is an instrument that rates parents' support for children's literacy development. This study examined how the PEP portrays the ideal parent, its assumptions about parenting and education, and the values and ideals it promotes. In sum, many aspects of the PEP evaluate parents by the mainstream (White,…
This paper presents the findings of a survey study conducted in Cyprus primary state schools, which aimed at outlining principals' perspectives concerning parental involvement in school life. The research involved a representative sample of principals of the schools concerned. The analysis and interpretation of the data indicated that current home-school links are extremely limited. It was also found that even
Patel, Nimisha; Stevens, Sharon
Most studies examining influences on parent involvement focus on common demographic factors, such as social class or gender, and on elementary grades. In the present study, we investigated a more malleable influence, perceptions of ability, in the context of middle school. We examined how perceptions held by parents, teachers, and students…
Maher, Erin J.; Corwin, Tyler W.; Hodnett, Rhenda; Faulk, Karen
Objectives: This article presents a cost-savings analysis of the statewide implementation of an evidence-informed parenting education program. Methods: Between the years 2005 and 2008, the state of Louisiana used the Nurturing Parenting Program (NPP) to impart parenting skills to child welfare-involved families. Following these families' outcomes…
Dannenberg, Arlene C.
This handbook on the advisory and decision-making aspects of parent involvement provides information and skill-building activities to help parents establish, maintain, and increase the effectiveness of parent advisory councils (PAC) for bilingual education programs in Massachusetts. Chapter 1 describes the legal background and the basic structures…
Henderson, Anne T.; And Others
This book is a guide for educators to help them work with parents to improve schooling. It is particularly geared to dealing with some of the problems that have become greater in recent years owing to changes in family life such as high divorce rates, teenage parents, and working mothers. Chapter 1 deals with types of parent-school involvement,…
Cooper, Carey E.
Multilevel models of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (N = 19,375) revealed that the negative association between family poverty and school-based parental involvement in education varied according to family and school factors targeted by large-scale policy interventions. Specifically, the association was weaker…
Saravanabhavan, Rc; Saravanabhavan, Sheila; Muthaiah, N.
The article presents a historical overview of education in India, followed by a background on current demography, governance structures, and status. The role of parent involvement is traced from ancient times to the modern era to highlight how this phenomenon has evolved. A review of recent national policies stemming from the 2009 Right of…
Janis Marie Barrett
Increasing parental involvement was made an important goal for all Florida schools in educational reform legislation in the 1990's. A forum for this input was established and became known as the School Advisory Council (SAC). To demonstrate the importance of process and inclusion, a south Florida school district and its local teacher's union agreed on the following five goals for
LeFevre, Ann L.; Shaw, Terry V.
This longitudinal study examined the effects of formal (i.e., school-based) and informal (i.e., home-based) Latino parent involvement using data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study (NELS:88). Both forms of support were significant predictors of student achievement; the impact of informal support was nearly as great as that of formal…
Nancy E. Hill; Diana F. Tyson
Early adolescence is often marked by changes in school context, family relationships, and developmental processes. In the context of these changes, academic performance often declines, while at the same time the long-term implications of academic performance increase. In promoting achievement across elementary and secondary school levels, the significant role of families, family–school relations, and parental involvement in education has been
Jung-Sook Lee; Natasha K. Bowen
This study examined the level and impact offive types ofparent involvement on elementary school children's academic achievement by race\\/ethnicity, poverty, andparent educational attainment. The sample comprised 415 third through fifth graders who completed the Elementary School Success Profile. Hypotheses from Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital were assessed with t tests, chi-square statistics, and hierarchical regressions. Consistent with the theory, parents
Yuen, Celeste Y. M.; Cheung, Alan C. K.
The primary purpose of this paper is to examine the mutual relationship between school engagement of cross-border students (CBS) from Malaysia in Singapore and parental involvement in education. Focus-group interviews were conducted with school personnel, CBS and their non-local counterparts to provide a comprehensive understanding of the…
Youngmi Kim; Michael Sherraden
This study investigates (1) the effects of parental assets on children's educational attainment from high school completion to college degree attainment, and (2) mediating roles played by parental involvement, child's educational expectations, and child's self-esteem. The study sample (N=632) is drawn from the Child and Young Adult data supplement to the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1979. Results indicate that
The social and political climate of sex education over the last two decades has dramatically changed, with parents now being encouraged to work in partnership with professionals. This paper seeks to further the argument that involving parents in their child's sex education does matter and can have an impact on their child's future sexual health.…
Schultz, Tia R.; Schmidt, Carla T.; Stichter, Janine P.
Benefits of parent education have been demonstrated for decades. However, there exists a lack of formative evaluation of parent education for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), limiting the interpretation of ongoing and future research. To understand the current status, key characteristics, and evaluation methods of parent…
Katsiyannis, Antonis; Ward, Thomas J.
School division compliance with Virginia state and federal regulations concerning the parent's role in the special education process was examined. Analysis of parent surveys and state department of education compliance reports found a high incidence of parent nonparticipation, inadequate communication to parents of their rights, and difficulties…
Flowers, Toinette M.
Understanding how mobile devices can enhance parent/teacher communication is important because parents play an important part in their children's learning. Research on parents' use of mobile devices to communicate with their children's teachers is limited. The purpose of this cross-sectional correlational study was to determine the relationships between parents' (a) knowledge of using mobile devices, (b) general use of mobile devices, (c) purpose for using mobile devices, (d) perceived ease of using mobile devices, (e) perceived usefulness of mobile devices, (f) attitude toward using mobile devices, and (g) use of mobile devices to communicate with teachers. The study was informed by the technology acceptance model and used a participant pool of 73 parents of high school students attending a Title I high school in a large Midwestern city in the United States. Data were collected using an online survey and analyzed using Pearson's correlations. The study results indicate significant correlations between parents' use of mobile devices to communicate with teachers and knowledge of using mobile devices, purpose for using mobile devices, perceived ease of using mobile devices, perceived usefulness of mobile devices, and attitudes toward using mobile devices. These findings suggest that parental use of mobile devices to communicate with teachers can be enhanced by administrators and school personnel using strategies that consider parents' and the school culture. Social implication includes sharing the results of this study with district and school administrators who have the power to implement programs that encourage and support the use of mobile devices as a communication tool between parents and teachers, therefore increasing parental involvement and ultimately student academic success.
Lee Shumow; Jon D. Miller
A process-person-context model was used to investigate parental academic involvement with a nationally representative sample of young adolescents. Fathers of young adolescents were less involved at school than were mothers but similarly involved academically at home. Parents of struggling students were involved more in homework assistance and parents of successful students were involved more at school than were other parents.
Kesselring, Marije; de Winter, Micha; Horjus, Bob; van de Schoot, Rens; van Yperen, Tom
The current study explored parents' attitudes towards nonparental adults' involvement in childrearing practices. Parents' attitudes were operationalized in their willingness to share parenting responsibility and interest to participate in parenting activities. Data were collected through a quantitative survey with 1,090 parents from 17 Dutch…
Rogers, Maria A.; Wiener, Judith; Marton, Imola; Tannock, Rosemary
The present study examined involvement in children's learning among parents of 101 children between 8 and 12 years of age (53 parents of children with ADHD, 48 parents of children without ADHD). Compared to parents of children without ADHD, parents of children with ADHD reported lower self-efficacy in their ability to help their children, felt…
Parent Education Programs http://fcs.tamu.edu/families/parenting/index. php Relevance Although provides Texas parents with a wide variety of research-based information and resources to assist them-week parenting skills- based program that focuses on improving parenting practices and child behavior. Key
Meza, Maria Lorena
Many universities grapple with Latino student retention issues. Latinos are the largest and fastest-growing ethnic group in the United States, yet they also are the group that has the least amount of formal education. The literature suggests that parental support helps Latinos succeed academically in elementary, middle, and high schools. However,…
Roshchina, Ia. M.; Filippova, T. N.
Data from surveys of parents of students in Russian schools of various types in the years 2006 to 2011 show a high level of desire to invest in their children's education. There has been a high degree of stability in aspirations and investment in spite of the economic problems caused by global recession.
This paper offers critical reflections on parenting education in its social context. The paper is informed by a feminist perspective, and by a structural approach to practice that emphasizes the importance of changing social structures. An introductory section explores the impact of the ideologies of the traditional family, and of motherhood and…
McAdoo, Harriette Pipes, Ed.; McAdoo, John Lewis, Ed.
The unique experiences and situations that are common to black children and their parents are examined in the 14 papers collected in this volume. The book is organized into five sections, each relecting one of the significant environments within which black children lead their lives: the theoretical, the socioeconomic, the educational, the…
Rivers, Ian; Duncan, Neil; Besag, Valerie E.
"Bullying: A Handbook for Educators and Parents" offers a comprehensive exploration of the bullying within public schools, drawing upon research conducted in the United States, United Kingdom, Scandinavia, and Canada. It offers insights into the immediate and long-term impact bullying can have upon the lives of students, their families, and…
Kari Trost; Gretchen Biesecker; Håkan Stattin; Margaret Kerr
The present study investigated whether adolescents' desires to manage their own free time, without parents' involvement, reflected problems or healthy independence. Participants were 1057 adolescents, their parents, and teachers. Initially, wanting parental involvement was related to disclosure, parental knowledge, and positive adjustment across contexts and wanting low parental involvement was related to negative adjustment. With closer examination of adolescents, two
ENGAGING WITH PARENTS ON A CRITICAL DIALOGUE ABOUT MATHEMATICS EDUCATION Beatriz Quintos, Jill in a dialogue with parents about mathematics education. Using the technique of the unfolding matrix (Padilla, 1993), a group of parents and researchers critically examined and reflected on the parents' mathematics
Simich-Dudgeon, Carmen, Ed.
The symposium on Issues of Parent Involvement and Literacy marked the culmination of a collaborative project of Trinity College in Washington, D.C. and the Arlington (Virginia) Public Schools to reach out to limited-English-proficient (LEP) parents. Papers include: "Bilingual Education Policies: An Overview"; "Parent Involvement: Implications for…
In "A New Wave of Evidence: The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement," published in 2002 by the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, Anne T. Henderson and Karen Mapp reviewed years of research on parent involvement, and their conclusions are unequivocal. When parents are involved in school, students…
Carlson, Marcia J.
While demographers have continued to document the notable family changes that have occurred in recent decades, the nature of family functioning across diverse family forms is less well understood. In particular, we know little about the level and quality of parental investment that children receive across a range of contemporary family types. In this paper, we use data from a recent U.S. urban birth cohort to examine the ‘package’ of parental involvement that young children receive in two key domains across family types. We aggregate parent-child engagement across three potential parent(-figures)—biological mothers, biological fathers (resident or non-resident), and resident social fathers—and also assess the child’s household income. We examine parental investments at child age 5 and changes in investments between child ages 1 and 5 by family structure categories. Overall, we find that children living with both of their married biological parents are advantaged with respect to both economic resources and parental engagement, while children living with single mothers—or their mother and a cohabiting social father—fare especially poorly in both domains; children in married social-father families receive higher overall levels of parental engagement than those in biological-father families but are much less economically advantaged. Our research sheds light on how changing family demography is related to parental investments in children, which may have implications for public policies designed to support disadvantaged families. PMID:24644373
Carlson, Marcia J; Berger, Lawrence M
While demographers have continued to document the notable family changes that have occurred in recent decades, the nature of family functioning across diverse family forms is less well understood. In particular, we know little about the level and quality of parental investment that children receive across a range of contemporary family types. In this paper, we use data from a recent U.S. urban birth cohort to examine the 'package' of parental involvement that young children receive in two key domains across family types. We aggregate parent-child engagement across three potential parent(-figures)-biological mothers, biological fathers (resident or non-resident), and resident social fathers-and also assess the child's household income. We examine parental investments at child age 5 and changes in investments between child ages 1 and 5 by family structure categories. Overall, we find that children living with both of their married biological parents are advantaged with respect to both economic resources and parental engagement, while children living with single mothers-or their mother and a cohabiting social father-fare especially poorly in both domains; children in married social-father families receive higher overall levels of parental engagement than those in biological-father families but are much less economically advantaged. Our research sheds light on how changing family demography is related to parental investments in children, which may have implications for public policies designed to support disadvantaged families. PMID:24644373
Tonge, Bruce; Brereton, Avril; Kiomall, Melissa; Mackinnon, Andrew; Rinehart, Nicole J.
Aim: To determine the effect of parent education on adaptive behaviour, autism symptoms and cognitive/language skills of young children with autistic disorder. Method: A randomised group comparison design involving a parent education and counselling intervention and a parent education and behaviour management intervention to control for parent…
Flynn, Gregory V.
An ever growing body of research indicates that parental involvement is a key factor in the success of children in school. Studies have shown that children whose parents take an active interest in their education benefit in a number of ways. These children generally have higher academic achievement, better attendance, a sense of well-being, a…
Degner, Kate M.
This study uses data from the National Center of Education Statistics (NCES) High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HLS:09). Parent responses to the Parent Involvement survey, given as part of the NCES study were considered, along with their child's socio-economic status (SES) and self-reported level of mathematics course enrollment during…
In this column, reviewers offer perspectives and comments on a variety of new media resources for childbirth educators and expectant and new parents. The books, CDs, DVDs, and kits reviewed in this issue's column include the following topics: the birth experiences of mothers who survived childhood sexual abuse; lively teaching techniques and ideas to help energize and enhance childbirth education classes; breastfeeding in the workplace; expectant fathers; perspectives on motherhood; unique, helpful tools for childbirth educators to use in designing their class content, addressing the stages of labor, and discussing planned cesarean birth; exercises for pregnant women on bedrest; and a compilation of presentations featured at Birthing the Future's international symposiums. PMID:20190851
McCormick, Meghan P.; Cappella, Elise; O'Connor, Erin E.; McClowry, Sandee G.
We examined relations between parent involvement and kindergarten students' behavior problems in classrooms with varying levels of teacher emotional support. Multi-informant data were collected on "n" = 255 low-income Black and Hispanic students, and "n" = 60 kindergarten classrooms in the baseline year of an intervention…
Weiss, Amy L.; Theadore, Geraldine
This article focuses on why and how speech-language pathologists and other professionals can encourage the involvement of parents in teaching social communication skills to their young children. Four main topics are explored: (1) the evidence that many of the children with special needs served by speech-language pathologists and other…
Johnson, Ursula Yvette
This study examined science achievement growth across elementary and middle school and parent school involvement using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K). The ECLS-K is a nationally representative kindergarten cohort of students from public and private schools who attended full-day or half-day…
Timothy Z. Keith; Patricia B. Keith; Kimberly J. Quirk; Jodi Sperduto; Stephanie Santillo; Stacy Killings
The purposes of this research were to determine (a) the longitudinal effects of parent involvement on tenth grade students’ learning, as measured by their grade point average, (b) whether the same pattern of influences exist for boys and girls, and (c) whether the same pattern of influences exist for students from different ethnic groups. A series of structural equation models
Tefera, Adai; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Frankenberg, Erica
This report synthesizes major themes in local policymaking during the last year, as local school districts continue to grapple with legal and economic constraints on policies that are aimed at creating diverse schools. The report last year on the second anniversary of "Parents Involved" began to uncover some of the consequences of the difficult…
Hilado, Aimee; Kallemeyn, Leanne; Leow, Christine; Lundy, Marta; Israel, Marla
This article discusses the findings from a mixed-method study examining the relationship between social resources and levels of parent involvement in state-funded preschool programs in Illinois. Using survey data from the Illinois Birth to Five Evaluation (n = 843) and interviews with ten preschool administrators who completed the survey, the…
This dissertation examines the parental involvement policies and programs of the Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS), the country's fourth largest school district. Through a holistic case research methodology, it explores the multiple perspectives and practices of district- and school-level employees who are charged with involving families…
Immigrant parents bring their values, language, culture, religion, and educational backgrounds to our schools, enriching our educational environments. The literature on immigrant parents, however, uses a deficit model. This study explored the value of and knowledge of immigrant parents on the margins of the public education system. Data were…
Gonzalez, Patricia; Romero, Tony; Cerbana, Christine B.
One of the primary goals of correctional education is to reduce recidivism by reintegrating inmates into society and family in a productive and positive manner and, in the case of parent education, become good and effective parents to their children. Research suggests that prison parent education programs provide inmates with measurable knowledge…
Thompson, Richard; Jones, Deborah J.; Litrownik, Alan J.; English, Diana J.; Kotch, Jonathan B.; Lewis, Terri; Dubowitz, Howard
Evidence suggests that parenting attitudes are transmitted within families. However, limited research has examined this prospectively. The current prospective study examined direct effects of early maternal attitudes toward parenting (as measured at child age 4 by the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory [AAPI]) on later youth parenting attitudes (as measured by the AAPI at youth age 18). Indirect effects via child maltreatment (physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, and emotional maltreatment), parent involvement, and youth functioning (internalizing and externalizing problems) were also assessed. Analyses were conducted on data from 412 families enrolled in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN). There were significant direct effects for three of the four classes of mother parenting attitudes (appropriate developmental expectations of children, empathy toward children, and appropriate family roles) on youth attitudes but not for rejection of punishment. In addition, the following indirect effects were obtained: Mother expectations influenced youth expectations via neglect; mother empathy influenced youth empathy via both parental involvement and youth externalizing problems; and mother rejection of punishment influenced youth rejection of punishment via youth internalizing problems. None of the child or family process variables, however, affected the link between mother and youth attitudes about roles. PMID:25113632
Kristin E. Ito; Ziya Gizlice; Judy Owen-O; Evelyn Foust; Peter A. Leone; William C. Miller
Purpose: Despite public debate about the content of sexuality education in schools, state and federal policy has increasingly financed and legislated abstinence-only education over the past decade. Although public schools strive to meet the needs of parents who, as taxpayers, fund the educational system, little is known about parental desires regarding sexuality education in states with mandated abstinence education. The
Van Velsor, Patricia; Orozco, Graciela L.
Low-income parents participate less in schools than higher-income parents despite the benefits of parent involvement. Barriers that low-income parents face suggest that schools must develop a new approach to engaging these parents. School counselors can play a leadership role in strengthening the relationship between schools and low-income parents…
Perry, C L; Luepker, R V; Murray, D M; Kurth, C; Mullis, R; Crockett, S; Jacobs, D R
This study compares the efficacy of a school-based program to an equivalent home-based program with 2,250 third grade students in 31 urban schools in Minnesota in order to detect changes in dietary fat and sodium consumption. The school-based program, Hearty Heart and Friends, involved 15 sessions over five weeks in the third grade classrooms. The home-based program, the Home Team, involved a five-week correspondence course with the third graders, where parental involvement was necessary in order to complete the activities. Outcome measures included anthropometric, psychosocial and behavioral assessments at school, and dietary recall, food shelf inventories, and urinary sodium data collected in the students' homes. Participation rates for all aspects of the study were notably high. Eighty-six per cent of the parents participated in the Home Team and 71 per cent (nearly 1,000 families) completed the five-week course. Students in the school-based program had gained more knowledge at posttest than students in the home-based program or controls. Students in the home-based program, however, reported more behavior change, had reduced the total fat, saturated fat, and monounsaturated fat in their diets, and had more of the encouraged foods on their food shelves. The data converge to suggest the feasibility and importance of parental involvement for health behavior changes with children of this age. PMID:3407811
In this column, reviewers offer perspectives and comments on a variety of new media resources for childbirth educators and for expectant and new parents. The books and DVDs reviewed in this issue's column address the following topics: new directions for childbirth education classes; pregnancy tips for expectant mothers; empowering women to give birth naturally; midwifery care; breastfeeding; labyrinths and “laborinths” (an alternative approach to preparing for birth); preterm labor; understanding newborns' language cues; and exercise programs during pregnancy and the postnatal period, as well as exercises that strengthen the pelvic floor and help new mothers deal with incontinence. PMID:20514118
Research has demonstrated that parent involvement is associated with student success. What research has not generally shown, however, are the specific factors that determine why at-risk, non-English-speaking parents become involved. Understanding these factors should aid in developing programs to increase parent involvement among such parents. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the differential effects of the predictor
Pravin Israel; Per H. Thomsen; Johannes H. Langeveld; Kjell M. Stormark
Background Involving parents in the treatment of youth referred for mental health problems is an important agenda. Parent involvement\\u000a is associated with treatment retention, greater family participation, and positive outcomes. The main goal of the present\\u000a study was to examine the role of youth and parent report of the youth’s psychopathology and interpersonal problems on parent\\u000a involvement in outpatient treatment of
John Locke is often taken to be a staunch defender of parents' rights in the realm of education. In fact, Locke's pedagogical reasons for preferring home education to school education do not necessarily apply to similar choices in modern contexts. Locke's political argument for defining education as a duty of parents rather than the state does not…
Lam, Ching Man; Kwong, Wai Man
In an action research project designed to develop a new paradigm for parent education in alignment with the "strengths perspective," a social constructionist epistemology, and the empowerment discourse, it was found that parents joining two parent groups actually valued and sought expert knowledge. Seeking to empower these parents by adopting a…
School-level data on parent perceptions and structural characteristics of 42 elementary schools were used to examine the relation of parental involvement and empowerment to student academic performance. Results showed that measures of parental involvement and empowerment could be reliably predicted. Multiple regression analyses showed that parental involvement and empowerment accounted for substantial variance in student standardized test performance (lowest R
Share, Michelle; Kerrins, Liz
Recently in Ireland attention has been placed on the importance of parental involvement in early childhood care and education settings as seen in the Síolta Quality Standards and Aistear Curriculum Framework. Yet there is little Irish empirical evidence on parental involvement in childcare settings; on the involvement models being used, or on the…
To deliver effective parenting education, extension educators must invest time in understanding gender differences, with respect to learning and communication styles. Involving fathers must be a goal for all extension educators working to strengthen families. Including fathers on their terms is the only way to ensure their participation.…
Pedro, Joan Y.; Miller, Regina; Bray, Paige
Historically teachers' knowledge, attitudes and dispositions towards parental involvement have been considerably non-existent and negative. This trend is well documented in the research on parental involvement in education. In the twenty-first century, early childhood educators must possess the current requisite knowledge and skills to meet…
Michael B. Coelli
Parental job loss from layoffs and business failures that occur when youth complete high school are found to be negatively related with enrollment at university and community college. Estimates using longitudinal data on Canadian youth and their parents are employed to identify both immediate and lagged effects of parental job loss on education enrollment. Parental job losses are also followed
Jensen, Mary Cihak
Nationally, interest in family life and parenting programs has grown amidst concern for "basic education." Parenting education in today's schools may be justified because of increased family stress and deteriorating family support systems. Most parenting and family life courses are offered within home economics departments, have a narrow focus,…
The Asian and Hispanic Parent Education/Training (PET) Project (California) was designed to develop and implement a parent education model for non- and limited-English speaking, Chinese, Korean, and Spanish-speaking parents with young developmentally disabled children. The PET model featured recruitment and training of bilingual/bicultural…
To learn more about how parents understand the whole child approach to education, ASCD commissioned KRC Research to conduct a study that included parent focus groups in Richmond, Virginia; and Columbus, Ohio, as well as a survey of 800 parents across the United States to identify their perceptions of what a whole child education is, how it is…
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.
This document is designed to identify several types of vocational education programs and activities that are in operation in California's school districts and communities. Although the document primarily focuses on California programs, information in all sections--particularly those titled Vocational Education Advisory Committees, Scope of…
Kim, Elizabeth Moorman; Coutts, Michael J.; Holmes, Shannon R.; Sheridan, Susan M.; Ransom, Kelly A.; Sjuts, Tara M.; Rispoli, Kristin M.
Research examining the role families play in children's education has investigated a variety of activities or methods through which parents participate in learning. These programs are typically characterized as "parent involvement models," which are defined as the participation of significant caregivers (including parents, grandparents,…
Martin, Jane; Tett, Lyn; Kay, Helen
Explores the issue of collaborative partnerships among schools, parents, and community. Discusses community education as a collaborative activity and provides three examples involving parents. Analyzes the home-school community partnerships in terms of values, purposes, tasks, and conditions. Discusses the role of schools within a community…
Situating parental involvement in education within a sociohistorical context, this case study of a Nicaraguan immigrant household in California contrasts the perspectives of two sisters-in-law who shared a home and whose daughters attended the same urban elementary school. Although the two women were involved in their daughters' schooling in…
Green, Kinsey B.
This booklet presents many ideas for involving students in family life education programs. Designed primarily for use by family life educators, it includes such topics as the use of cognitive and affective objectives in family life education, organizing family studies content by generalizations, and focusing on the student as an active learner. It…
Tomlinson, Ancelyn E.
Conducted in a school serving mainly Hispanic children, this practicum implemented an intervention designed to increase parents' involvement in the learning activities of their children. Practicum goals were to: (1) increase parents' attendance at Parent Teacher Association (PTA) meetings; (2) increase parents' attendance at parent-teacher…
The literature that is meant to guide parental participation in special education often refers to parents as vital team members who are critical in designing the best programs for their children (The Family and Advocates Partnership for Education, 2004; The State Education Department, May 2002). However, a disconnect can occur between the…
Min Xu; Susan N. Kushner Benson; Renee Mudrey-Camino; Richard P. Steiner
This study examined the relationship between parental involvement, self-regulated learning (SRL), and reading achievement\\u000a through analyzing the fifth grade data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–1999 (ECLS-K).\\u000a The results identified six dimensions of parental involvement that are likely to foster SRL of fifth graders: School Involvement, TV Rules, Homework Help, Homework Frequency, Parental Education Expectations, and
This qualitative study investigated parents' and principals' expectations of their roles in the parent-school relationship and how they defined, encouraged, and realized parental involvement within an urban Catholic high school setting. Through pattern analysis and axial coding of the data collected from parents and principal interviews,…
Williams, Terrinieka T.; Sanchez, Bernadette
This study sought to understand the perceptions of parental involvement and parental uninvolvement at a predominantly African American inner-city high school. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 parents and 10 staff at an inner-city public high school. Five major themes emerged regarding the meanings of parental involvement at this…
Behnke, Andrew O.; Kelly, Christine
Parent involvement programs can play an essential role in the academic success of Latino youth. This article reports the effectiveness and evaluation of two new Extension programs that help Latino parents become more involved in their youths' academics. The Latino Parent and Family Advocacy and Support Training (LPFAST) targets parents of K- 8th…
Anderson, Amy Ruth
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not focused activities related to Epstein's (1995) model of parent involvement would impact parents satisfaction with the school their child attends. This study examined parental beliefs about schools and how those beliefs impact their levels of involvement. A mixed method research design was…
Ferguson, Sue, Comp.; Towsend-Butterworth, Diana, Comp.
A 2-day conference was sponsored by the Department of Special Education and the Center for Educational Outreach and Innovation at Teachers College (Columbia University, New York), "Working Mother" magazine, The Partnership for Family Involvement in Education, and the U.S. Department of Education. More than 350 parents, teachers, school…
Shiffman, Catherine Dunn
This article examines how parents supported their children's education while transitioning from welfare to work. Interviews with parents, elementary school educators, and staff at a community-based organization were conducted in an urban Tennessee community. Navigating work and parenting responsibilities was particularly challenging when children…
Shim, Jenna M.
In this study, the author suggests that the current ELL parental involvement model often overlooks the structural aspects and power asymmetry of parent-teacher relationships that can hinder productive collaboration. In doing so, the author uses postcolonial theory as a conceptual lens to investigate the dynamics of ELL parent-teacher interactions…
1 [Paper presented at NCTM research pre-session, April 2001, Orlando, FL.] Redefining Parental Involvement: Parents as Learners of Mathematics Marta Civil University of Arizona civil as a key component the engagement of parents as learners of mathematics. Through this engagement we seek
Pepe, Alessandro; Addimando, Loredana
The present paper examines the influence of parent's demographics (gender and educational level) and a contextual variable (school grade) on counterproductive parents' behavior during interaction with teachers. Data were gathered by administering the Italian version of the Challenging Parent Standard Questionnaire (Pepe 2010) to a sample…
Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers, 2009
Parents of children with disabilities usually receive little or no training in communication and partnership skills. These skills are very helpful in Individualized Education Program (IEP) planning. This guidebook offers parents of children with disabilities a variety of practical ideas to improve effective interaction between parents and school…
Barrantes Santamaria, Alfredo G.
Due to federal mandates, Title I schools now are being asked to implement parent involvement programs that meaningfully involve parents in the schools to increase academic gains. This action research study was based on three different concepts from the literature: a) critical pedagogy theory from Paulo Freire, b) parent involvement from diverse…
Haine-Schlagel, Rachel; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Fettes, Danielle L.; Baker-Ericzen, Mary; Garland, Ann F.
Parent involvement in the treatment of childhood disruptive behavior problems is a critical component of effective care. Yet little is known about the amount of time therapists are involving parents in treatment and factors that predict therapists' efforts to involve parents in routine care. The purpose of this study is to examine therapists'…
1 Parent Involvement and Family-School Partnerships: Examining the Content, Processes, and Outcomes., & Rispoli, K. M. (2012). Parent involvement and family-school partnerships: Examining the content, processes) models. Family-school partnerships are distinct from parent involvement models. We define
1 Clarifying Parent Involvement and Family-School Partnership Intervention Research: A Preliminary parent involvement and family-school partnership intervention research: A preliminary synthesis (CYFS to family intervention can be found in the school-based literature: family/parent involvement and family-school
Sharon Sue Hiller
The study examined the roles and activities in which parents were involved in schools, and the ways they wanted to be involved, and what they perceived schools could do to enhance parent involvement. ^ A nonexperimental qualitative research design was used for this study. Participants in the study included 99 parents of students in grades K–5 from one or two
Richardson, Sharon Ann
The purpose of this study was to examine principals' perceptions of parental involvement at various levels in terms of their role in facilitation and parent involvement in school processes. The principals in this study (n = 171) were receptive to their roles in facilitation, but not to parental involvement in school processes. Because there are…
Sukkyung You; Julie T. Nguyen
This study examined the impact of parental involvement on adolescents' academic achievement in Korean families. The major strengths of the current research are the study of multiple dimensions of parental involvement, the longitudinal design and the consideration of mediating variables. Structural equation modelling was used to examine the direct and indirect effects of parental involvement on students' academic achievement using
Fitzpatrick, Jeannie Whitlock
This study investigated the effects of parental involvement in the middle school students' achievement and self-perception of mathematics ability. Alarmingly low math proficiency, along with diminishing involvement with middle school parents, generated the purpose of the study. This research project used technology-based parental-involvement…
Hongmei Yang; Bonita Stanton; Lesley Cottrel; Linda Kaljee; Jennifer Galbraith; Xiaoming Li; Mathew Cole; Carole Harris; Ying Wu
Purpose: To explore: 1) parent-adolescent discrepancies on adolscent risk involvement; 2) factors related to parental overestimates and\\/or underestimates of specific adolescent risk behaviors; and 3) the association of parental overestimates and\\/or underestimates at baseline with subsequent adolescent risk involvement. Methods: 754 African American parent-adolescent dyads were recruited from 35 low-income urban com- munities in Baltimore, Maryland. Parent-adolescent discordance (overestimates and
Ginger L. Wilczak; Carol A. Markstrom
Incarcerated fathers have largely been ignored in parent education efforts. Yet, rehabilitation efforts aimed at improving family relationships have implications for the reduction of recidivism. This experimental study to assess positive benefits of parent education was conducted with 42 fathers incarcerated in a minimum security federal correctional institution. After pretesting of experimental and control group participants, 21 men completed an
Espinoza, Renato; And Others
Using an ethnographic approach, three Parent Education Programs were studied to describe the social setting in which they took place and to document their impact upon parents. The programs were conceptualized as social service organizations designed to change the parental roles of participants. Each program was observed, interviews were conducted…
Columna, Luis; Pyfer, Jean; Senne, Terry; Velez, Luisa; Bridenthrall, Nancy; Canabal, Maria Yolanda
The purpose of this study was to identify the perspectives of Hispanic parents of children with disabilities regarding adapted physical education (APE) professionals in relationship to their child's purposeful play and transition to school programming. Participants (N = 11) were Hispanic parents of children with disabilities. Parents participated…
Grammatikopoulos, Vasilis; Gregoriadis, Athanasios; Tsigilis, Nikolaos; Zachopoulou, Evridiki
The aim of the current study was to examine the assessments of parents of the quality of early childhood education (ECE) in Greece. Five hundred and fifty three preschoolers' parents participated in this study providing quality and importance ratings based on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale Parent Questionnaire (ECERSPQ) for the…
Warnick, Bryan R.
In this article, Bryan R. Warnick explores parents' authority to make educational decisions for their children. In philosophical debates, three types of arguments are typically invoked to justify parents' rights: arguments based on the welfare interests of children, arguments based on the expressive interests of parents, and arguments…
Kevin J. Swick
Homeless parents of young children confront several barriers to developing effective parenting skills and dispositions. Perhaps\\u000a the major barrier is that of the negative stereotype that many people use to label them. They also often have not had positive\\u000a parent role models and in many cases have had to deal with the issues of violence. Parent education and support strategies
As school begins, involved parents and community leaders will find the US Dept. of Education's America Goes Back to School--Get Involved! page a useful one. It contains a Partners Activities Kit for 1996-7 (as well as for 1995), available in both HTML and .pdf format, and a new full-text publication, Reaching All Families: Creating Family-Friendly Schools. The Partners Activities Kit provides information and examples of how parents, community and religious leaders, employers, and cultural groups can become involved in improving education in their community. Reaching all Families is a "booklet intended to stimulate thinking and discussion about how schools can better involve all families, regardless of family circumstances or student performance, in their children's education." It includes sections on "Personal Contacts" (conferences and home visits), "Ongoing Communications" (newsletters, positive phone calls, homework and home learning), and "Special Practices and Programs" (parent resource centers, parent workshops, and informal school-family gatherings), among others.
In Japan, there has been an increased concern about family and community participation in the child's education. Traditionally, the role of parents and community in Japan has been one of support and less one of active involvement in school learning. Since the government commenced education reforms in the last quarter of the 20th century, a more…
Jeffrey J. Wood; Rena L. Repetti
Predictors of change in fathers' and mothers' perceptions of child caregiving involvement were examined. Middle-class 2-parent families (131 mothers and 98 fathers) with a target school-age child participated. Fathers and mothers completed annual questionnaires for 3 consecutive years. Latent growth curve modeling suggested that fathers were likely to increase their relative contribution to child caregiving over the course of 3
Barlow, Alexandra; Humphrey, Neil
Parents' involvement in their children's education is known to be an important predictor of a range of adaptive outcomes. For learners with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND), lack of parental engagement and confidence has been highlighted as a problematic issue. Given this, the objectives of the current study were to: (i) determine…
Children and technology; parental control strategies; collaborative content filtering. ACM ClassificationInvolving Children in Content Control: A Collaborative and Education-Oriented Content Filtering firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT We present an approach to content control where parents and children
Parents of Cherokee children with disabilities encounter educational agencies from their child's birth to adulthood. Living rurally within the Cherokee Nation's jurisdictional boundaries, these indigenous families engage with a myriad of special education agencies and subsequent policies. This qualitative study explores parental…
Collins, Christina L.
There are many parent education programs available for Extension professionals. How does a busy Extension professional decide which is best for his/her clients? This article provides a practical review and critique of 16 major parenting educational programs using three review criteria--program readiness, strength of scientific base, and empirical…
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the earthquake education program which was prepared for 5 to 6 year old children and to draw attention to the importance of parent participation. The earthquake education program was applied to 93 children and 31 parents in the province of Denizli situated in the first degree seismic zone…
Gliedman, John A.
Contrasts the limitations of educational privatization with the possibilities for parental governance of public school districts and individual schools. Argues that parental input would more effectively implement reform than has educational professionalism alone. Cites agreement between Boston University and the city of Chelsea, Massachusetts, to…
Ané M. Maríñez-Lora; Stephen M. Quintana
This exploratory study investigated whether: (a) the three process variables (role construction, sense of efficacy, and sense\\u000a of being invited) in Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler’s model of parental school involvement provide unique contributions to explain\\u000a parental involvement among African American and Latino immigrant parents, (b) there are significant differences in parental\\u000a involvement between these groups, and (c) these process variables mediate
Natascha Notten; Gerbert Kraaykamp
This article analyzes the long-term effects of parental media socialization on children's educational attainment. Data on 8316 individuals from 3257 families in the Netherlands is used to estimate hierarchical models that distinguish between family-specific (socialization) and individual-level effects. The study reveals that parental reading and television socialization plays a meaningful role in predicting children's success in education. Whereas parental time
The publication of countless reports documenting the dismal state of science education in the 1980s, and the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMMS) report (1996) called for a wider involvement of the scientific community in K-12 education and outreach. Improving science education will not happen without the collaboration of educators and scientists working in a coordinated manner and it requires a long-term, continuous effort. To contribute effectively to K-12 education all scientists should refer to the National Science Education Standards, a set of policies that guide the development of curriculum and assessment. Ocean scientists can also specifically refer to the COSEE recommendations (www.cosee.org) that led to the creation of seven regional Centers for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence. Scientists can get involved in K-12 education in a multitude of ways. They should select projects that will accommodate time away from their research and teaching obligations, their talent, and their interest but also contribute to the education reform. A few examples of effective involvement are: 1) collaborating with colleagues in a school of education that can lead to better education of all students and future teachers, 2) acting as a resource for a national program or a local science fair, 3) serving on the advisory board of a program that develops educational material, 4) speaking out at professional meetings about the value of scientists' involvement in education, 5) speaking enthusiastically about the teaching profession. Improving science education in addition to research can seem a large, overwhelming task for scientists. As a result, focusing on projects that will fit the scientist's needs as well as benefit the science reform is of prime importance. It takes an enormous amount of work and financial and personnel resources to start a new program with measurable impact on students. So, finding the right opportunity is a priority, and stepping-in pre-existing programs to contribute right away without having to re-invent the wheel is a good approach. Education and outreach sessions are expanding at professional, scientific meetings such as AGU, and provide an excellent start for those in search of new educational experiences. Contacting a regional COSEE is also a very effective way to get involved.
Coyl-Shepherd, Diana D.; Newland, Lisa A.
Increasingly couples in two-parent families share the dual responsibilities of parenting and providing for their children financially. Parenting is embedded within and shaped by specific family contexts. This study examined 92 mothers' and fathers' responses on indices of couple and family contexts, parent involvement, and child-reported…
Kramer, Karen Z.
Using a longitudinal US dataset (N = 6,134) we examine the relationship between parental behavioural control and academic achievement and explore the moderating role of parental involvement and parental warmth. Analyses using multiple hierarchical regression with clustering controls shows that parental behavioural control is negatively associated…
Preparing Women and Minorities for Science and Engineering: Resources for Educators, Parents resources, collegial employment settings, and commitment by the larger community. Educators, parents in STEM (2) Minorities in STEM (3) Education Resources (4) STEM Education Resources (5) Planning Education
CHRISTINE MASON; CAROLYN HUGHES; MOIRA KONRAD; MELIA NEALE; WENDY M. WOOD
We conducted a review of the literature to investigate interventions designed to increase students' involvement in their individualized education program (IEP) process. Sixteen studies were identified and analyzed in terms of six variables: purpose, participants\\/setting, design, depen- dent variables, independent variable, and results. Our findings suggest that students with widely varying disabilities can be actively involved in the IEP process.
Domina, Thurston; Roksa, Josipa
Although the relationship between educational attainment and parenting practices is well documented, it is typically examined at only one point in time. What happens if mothers acquire more education after the birth of their children: do they alter their parenting practices? Panel data models based on longitudinal data from ECLS-K indicate that changes in mother's educational attainment are positively associated with increases in parental school involvement, having books in the home, and participating in non-academic family activities, but not with attitudes toward discipline. Although post-natal maternal education does not change all aspects of parenting, our findings are broadly consistent with the theory of cultural mobility and provide insights into the extent of socio-cultural mobility in contemporary American society. PMID:23017803
Legitimate parental interests need to be distinguished from any putative rights parents "qua" parents may be said to possess. Parents have no right to insulate their children from conceptions of the good at variance with those of their own. Claims to the right to faith schools, private schools, home-schooling or to withdraw a child from…
Skrypnek, Berna J.
Reviews the history of parent education in Canada, describes the current scene, and identifies directions for future development of parent education policy and programming. (Contains 40 references.) (JOW)
Ferrara, Margaret M.
This study describes various strategies used by a university educator to integrate parent involvement curriculum into pre-existing teacher preparation courses. This curriculum infusion was not only effective in increasing preservice teacher knowledge but also in raising course instructors' level of awareness about the importance and necessity of…
Paul E. Pitre
This article examines the Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle Public School District No . 1 decision in light of its impact on the Brown ruling that preceded it. The Supreme Court's 5-4 vote on the matter of desegregation and equal access to educational opportunity signals that a divide exists in the United States with respect to the underlying
Exploring a unique region concerning educational reforms in the past 20?years, the present study empirically investigates the attitudes towards parental involvement in school life in a comparative perspective of south-eastern European (SEE) countries for the 2008/2009 school year. Based on a multiple regression model for nine different countries,…
While parental involvement's effect on student achievement has been explored in current research, and the relationship among parent, teacher, and student is often discussed, no definite guidelines have been stipulated for successful engagement between the three. The purpose of this project was to examine parental involvement practices…
Aleixo, Marina Bandeira
This dissertation examines how parent involvement expectations are communicated and enacted in interactions at one small urban high school. Through detailed descriptions of school interactions between supporting staff and immigrant parents, this study examines how parent involvement expectations are understood and perceived. Although scholarly…
Howard, Tyrone C.; Reynolds, Rema
In this study, the authors examined the school experiences of middle-class African American parents and students, because they are largely overlooked in the professional literature when it comes to underachievement and parent involvement. Although No Child Left Behind (NCLB) highlights parent involvement and school accountability through the use…
Ma, Xin; Shen, Jianping; Krenn, Huilan Y.
Using national data from the 2007-08 School and Staffing Survey, we compared the relationships between parental involvement and school outcomes related to adequate yearly progress (AYP) in urban, suburban, and rural schools. Parent-initiated parental involvement demonstrated significantly positive relationships with both making AYP and staying off…
Fishel, Maria; Ramirez, Lucila
This paper reviewed 24 studies of parent involvement for school-aged children conducted between 1980 and 2002 and evaluated them according to the criteria developed by the Task Force on Evidence-Based Interventions in School Psychology. The parent involvement component of all studies had parents helping children learn at home, with most targeting…
Fishel Maria; Ramirez Lucila
This paper reviewed 24 studies of parent involvement for school-aged children conducted between 1980 and 2002 and evaluated them according to the criteria developed by the Task Force on Evidence-Based Interventions in School Psychology. The parent involvement component of all studies had parents helping children learn at home, with most targeting a change in academic performance, including reading skills, mathematics
The primary purpose of this study is to examine the connection between parent involvement and autonomy support, as well as the combined construct of autonomy supportive parent involvement, with internalized mental health symptoms. A secondary purpose of this study is to determine how certain parent demographics relate to attitudes and behaviors…
Yap, Kim O.; Enoki, Donald Y.
A study examined the relationships between parent involvement practices and student outcomes in 10 Chapter 1 project schools in the Honolulu school district. The research on parent involvement was reviewed extensively to identify research questions and develop various instruments. Questionnaire surveys and interviews were conducted with parents,…
Rachel K. Jones; Heather Boonstra
RESULTS: Attempts to mandate parental involvement for reproductive health care often focus on contraceptive services and are typically linked to federal or state funding. Studies of teenagers using clinic-based family planning services sug- gest that slightly more than one-half would obtain contraceptives at family planning clinics even if parental notifica- tion were required. Mandated parental involvement for contraception would discourage
Hongmei Yang; Bonita Stanton; Lesley Cottrel; Linda Kaljee; Jennifer Galbraith; Xiaoming Li; Mathew Cole; Carole Harris; Ying Wu
PurposeTo explore: 1) parent-adolescent discrepancies on adolscent risk involvement; 2) factors related to parental overestimates and\\/or underestimates of specific adolescent risk behaviors; and 3) the association of parental overestimates and\\/or underestimates at baseline with subsequent adolescent risk involvement.
Walker, Joan M. T.; Ice, Christa L.; Hoover-Dempsey, Kathleen V.; Sandler, Howard M.
This study examines the ability of a theoretical model of the parental involvement process to predict Latino parents' involvement in their children's schooling. A sample of Latino parents (N = 147) of grade 1 through 6 children in a large urban public school district in the southeastern United States responded to surveys assessing model-based…
Gustavo Loera; Robert Rueda; Jonathan Nakamoto
This study focused on the link between parental involvement in reading and schooling and children's reading motivation. The sample consisted of 128 low-income Latino students in the second through seventh grade and their immigrant parents. The specific questions addressed were: (1) How involved are Latino parents in their children's schooling and reading? and (2) What is the association between Latino
Cucchiara, Maia Bloomfield; Horvat, Erin McNamara
Given recent trends, middle-class families may become an increasing presence in urban districts. Such parents could help secure badly needed resources and raise expectations. This study of parental involvement in two urban schools suggests that middle-class parental involvement may be more complex than often assumed. The authors find that…
Choi, Namok; Chang, Mido; Kim, Sunha; Reio, Thomas G., Jr.
Parental involvement is well documented as a significant contributor to the self-efficacy and academic achievement of students. A structural equation model of parent involvement with family socioeconomic status, student gender, parents' aspirations for their children, mathematics efficacy, and mathematics achievement was tested to examine…
Lee, Shawna J; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Berger, Lawrence M
The majority of U.S. parents spank their children, often beginning when their children are very young. We examined families (N=2,788) who participated in a longitudinal community-based study of new births in urban areas. Prospective analyses examined whether spanking by the child's mother, father, or mother's current partner when the child was 1-year-old was associated with household CPS involvement between age 1 and age 5. Results indicated that 30% of 1-year-olds were spanked at least once in the past month. Spanking at age 1 was associated with increased odds of subsequent CPS involvement (adjusted odds ratio=1.36, 95% CI [1.08, 1.71], p<.01). When compared to non-spanked children, there was a 33% greater probability of subsequent CPS involvement for children who were spanked at age 1. Given the undesirable consequences of spanking children and a lack of empirical evidence to suggest positive effects of physical punishment, professionals who work with families should counsel parents not to spank infants and toddlers. For optimal benefits, efforts to educate parents regarding alternative forms of discipline should begin during the child's first year of life. PMID:24602690
Geenen, Sarah; Powers, Laurie E.; Lopez-Vasquez, Alfonso
A survey of 308 African-American, Hispanic-American, Native-American, and European-American parents found that culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) parents are active in transition planning activities and, in some instances, their level of reported participation surpassed that of European-American parents. In contrast, 52 professionals…
Portier, Christine A.; Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Capitao-Tavares, Zelia; Rambaran, Kamla
Homework is an important way for teachers to develop relationships with their students' parents and other caregivers. The learning activities teachers assign for homework provide parents a window into the content and skills their children are learning at school. Parents have a chance to participate in their children's schooling by…
Tariq T. Akmal
Collaborative ventures between families and schools can result in children being successful both academically and in life. The most successful predictor of student achievement is an encouraging home environment, high expectations from parents, and parental involvement.
On June 28, 2007, a sharply divided United States Supreme Court invalidated student assignment plans in Seattle, Washington and Louisville, Kentucky that were designed to promote racial diversity and to address racial isolation in K-12 education. By a 5-to-4 vote in Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. I and McFarland v. Jefferson County Board of Education,
Clevenson, Rhonda Suzanne
This research examined the responses of families to bilingual communication methods, text versus video, designed to facilitate school to home communication to increase parent involvement and seventh grade student achievement in the science fair project. Using an experimental design, 161 families were randomly selected to receive either a two part informational text or video series during the science fair unit taught at a culturally diverse urban middle school. The bilingual informational materials were created and produced by the staff at the research site. Measures were taken to make sure all families could access the informational materials and innovations such as a special travel envelope and reminding procedures aided data collection. Surveys measuring variables on a Likert scale with spaces for comments were collected from the parents and students. An interrater reliability study was completed to measure the agreement of the two teachers who used a grading checklist to score science fair project achievement. Quantitative methods including ANOVA and MLR were used to examine the data in terms of student achievement and the communication method (text or video), audience (students and parents), and the anticipated outcome (parent help). Nonparametric and qualitative data analyses were used to explore how families used and responded to the informational materials. Significant results were that the video communication method was positively associated with student achievement on the science fair project. Significant main effects were observed for the student characteristics, educational services (general and special education, and English as a Second Language), and previous achievement in science, and the parent characteristics, previous experience with science fair projects, primary viewing language (English or Spanish), and expectations for student achievement. Student achievement was not significantly related to the amount or usefulness of parent help. The amount of student reported parent help was not significantly related to the communication method. The family viewing arrangements for the informational materials, parents alone or together with students, were significantly related to the primary viewing language and communication method. Recommendations are made for the current study as well as future studies and possible applications to other school settings.
Maia Bloomfield Cucchiara; Erin McNamara Horvat
Given recent trends, middle-class families may become an increasing presence in urban districts. Such parents could help secure badly needed resources and raise expectations. This study of parental involvement in two urban schools suggests that middle-class parental involvement may be more complex than often assumed. The authors find that middle-class parents bring myriad resources to urban schools and can be
Yucel, Gamze M. A.; Cavkaytar, Atilla
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a parent education program on parents' awareness about the Independent Autistic Children Education Centre (ACEC: in Turkish OCEM). The program was offered through a distance education program. Participants of the study included parents of 72 children with autism who were receiving…
Bhore, P D; Bhore, C P; Powar, S; Nade, A L; Kartikeyan, S; Chaturvedi, R M
A controlled study carried out in the hilly Konkan region on the West coast of India showed that school children have the potential for transmitting their newly acquired knowledge to their parents. Though the results indicate that acquisition of knowledge does not mean a change in attitudes concerning leprosy, child-to-parent education may show promising results in leprosy education in developing countries where most parents of school children are illiterate and are not easily reached by conventional methods of health education. PMID:1573301
McIntyre-Miller, Audrey; Chmiel, Carrie
In 2011, the Scottish antenatal parent education pack was launched. The pack consisted of a national core syllabus, a parent education resources manual and accompanying toolkit and a training course. This article looks at how NHS Tayside has taken the core syllabus and resource manual as guidance and, using many of the teaching aids contained in the toolkit, has developed workbooks for key topics. This will support our aim to provide a quality parent education programme for women and their families across Tayside. PMID:23687874
Adedze, Pascasie; Orr, Robin A.; Chapman-Novakofski, Karen; Donovan, Sharon M.
Childhood overweight remains a major public health problem and innovative nutrition education programs are still needed. Thus, the "Set the Pace" is a nutrition education DVD for Head Start parents which provides visual nutrition education and physical activities to incorporate in their daily routines. (Contains 1 table.)
Devlin, Kevin M.
A lack of education is a major cause of poverty among many Kentucky citizens. In 1986, Kentucky's dropout rate was the second highest of the 50 states. That same year, Kentucky established the Parent and Child Education (PACE) Program in an effort to combat the problems of insufficient education and poverty that tend to be perpetuated from…
Roundtree, Johnny M.
This practicum focused on the problem of lack of involvement of the parents of 32 mainstreamed fifth grade students with special learning needs. Evening workshops were conducted for parents and their at-risk, mainstreamed students in fifth grade. Sessions focused on the use of computers, manipulatives, make and take home instructional games, study…
Wali Mohammad Khan
This thesis reports a research study which was conducted as a master thesis project. The study explored parents' perspectives about strategies school can use to meaningfully involve them. Twenty parents, through purposive sampling, were selected from a community based secondary school located in Karachi. A qualitative research design was used to explore the topic which used focused group discussion, interviews
The high crash rates among teenage drivers are of great concern across nations. Parents' involvement is known to help increase their young drivers' driving safety. In particular, parents can place restrictions on their son's/daughter's driving (e.g., restrict night time driving), which can enable the young driver to gain driving experience in…
Lamkin, Marcia L.; Albritton, Shelly L.; Klotz, John L.; McBride, Jackie R.
This study, conducted through Arkansas State University and the University of Central Arkansas, examined parents' perceptions in the initial year of a three-year period (2004-2007) to determine whether public schools have made progress in their implementation of the parental involvement programs mandated by Arkansas Act 603 of 2003 (known as the…
Parenting has come to play a pivotal role in breaking intergenerational disadvantage and increasing children's life chances and social mobility through practices such as parental support with their learning and education. Using a UK representative sample from the Millennium Cohort Study, the present study examined the unique and cumulative…
Pecoraro, Diane; Phommasouvanh, Bounlieng
The Limited English Proficient (LEP) Parent Involvement Project, a collaborative project between two state agencies, aims to help refugee and immigrant parents to be effective in their new American culture. Materials are provided that were developed for use in various adult education settings such as English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classes,…
Huss-Keeler, Rebecca L.
A year-long ethnographic study of a British multiethnic primary school examined the influence of teacher perception of Pakistani parent involvement and interest in their children's education on teacher expectation of the children's language and literacy achievement. Findings showed that teachers misinterpreted cultural differences in parents'…
McNeal, Ralph B., Jr.
There are many conflicting findings regarding the relationship between parent involvement and student performance. Some findings support a positive relationship between involvement and achievement, whereas others support a negative relationship. The most common explanation for the negative findings, in which parent involvement is associated with…
Ralph B. McNeal Jr
There are many conflicting findings regarding the relationship between parent involvement and student performance. Some findings support a positive relationship between involvement and achievement, whereas others support a negative relationship. The most common explanation for the negative findings, in which parent involvement is associated with lower levels of academic achievement, has been termed the reactive hypothesis (e.g., Catsambis, 1998; Epstein,
Jason, Greer Blei
The purpose of the study was to explore college students' perceptions of the input and involvement that their parents have in their daily lives, their satisfaction with this involvement, and their expectations for parental involvement upon graduation. To explore these questions, the study used survey data collected from students at a Catholic…
Villalba, José A.; Gonzalez, Laura M.; Hines, Erik M.; Borders, L. DiAnne
Parental involvement is crucial to facilitating a child's high school success and enhancing their post-secondary opportunities. Unfortunately, the ability for Latina/o parents and guardians to engage in parental involvement is hindered by a general lack of familiarity with U.S. educational systems and post-secondary options. With these…
Jessica K. Bacon; Julie Causton-Theoharis
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) suggests that parents are critical members of the special education system. Through conducting interviews with parents, observing individualised education plan (IEP) meetings, and analysing the discourse between the parent and the professional, this critical qualitative research investigates the parent–school relationship when parents are fighting for more inclusive placements for their children. This
Test, David W.; Mason, Christine; Hughes, Carolyn; Konrad, Moira; Neale, Melia; Wood, Wendy M.
We conducted a review of the literature to investigate interventions designed to increase students' involvement in their individualized education program (IEP) process. Sixteen studies were identified and analyzed in terms of six variables: purpose, participants/setting, design, dependent variables, independent variable, and results. Our findings…
Young, Mary Hahn; Balli, Sandra J.
This qualitative study explored student and parent perspectives on the extent to which gifted and talented programs met the educational needs of gifted students in Grades 4 to 7. Fifty-two interviews were conducted with students and parents from 10 public schools including seven neighborhood schools and three magnet schools. Participant…
A large, nationally representative database of American elementary school students was used to quantitatively assess the complex ways in which race intersects with social class, affecting parenting strategies that in turn produce various educational outcomes among children. The determinants and consequences of parental practices associated with…
In 1980, Kentucky reported the nation's lowest percentage of adults, aged 25 and older, who had graduated from high school. Legislators were inundated with recommendations for reform. The result was the enactment of the Parent and Child Education (PACE) pilot program (1986). In the PACE program, parents without high school diplomas attend classes…
Boon, Helen J.
Low post-compulsory science enrolments for secondary students have been a growing concern across the Western world. Research has examined factors relating to science curricula and students' attitudes about science, but parental views of science education remain largely unexplored in Australia. Because parents have a strong role in shaping their…
Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort.
In 1988, the Kentucky General Assembly enacted the Parenting and Family Life Skills Act, KRS 158.797, which requires the teaching of parenting and family life skills to pupils in Kentucky's schools. Pursuant to this Act, the Kentucky Department of Education developed the model curriculum presented in this document as a guide for local school…
Imel, Susan; Kerka, Sandra
Adolescent pregnancy and childbearing rates remain higher in the United States than in most Western nations; more than 500,000 teenage girls have babies every year. As these teen parents mature, they have diminished educational and career expectations. A small number of programs directed toward the career needs of teenage parents was developed…
Devjak, Tatjana; Bercnik, Sanja
In this text, the authors are analyzing preschool care and education in local community. They are focusing on the problem of information transfer between the kindergarten, parents and local community, as well as the model of relationship participation. Cooperation between parents, kindergarten and local community is an important element in the…
Working together, schools and families can provide a character-based approach to sexuality education. Schools can give parents a wake-up call, provide historical perspective, share good news, encourage parents to talk with kids, help discuss dangers, identify rewards of waiting, give guidelines, and support chaste lifestyles. (Contains 21…
Trans-Management Systems, Inc.
Noting that parents are the prime educators and nurturers of their children, the Performance Standards for Head Start require staff to offer varied opportunities for parents to expand and enhance their role. This directory was developed for use as the first segment of an ongoing plan to assist local Head Start grantees in selecting the resources…
Reppucci, N. Dickon; Britner, Preston A.; Woolard, Jennifer L.
In 1993, the Community Research Group (CRG) at the University of Virginia was provided the opportunity to gather systematic information on parent education and family support programs for the prevention of abuse and neglect throughout Virginia. Based on the group's research into 25 distinct parenting programs, this book outlines an empowering…
Ramirez, A. Y.
This report highlights the evaluation of a parent education program conducted with an urban middle school in Southern California. The program called "PASSport to Success" enables parents to learn study skills and how to better teach their children how to study in school. This evaluative report conducted a pretest and a posttest on student academic…
Markus J. P. Kruesi; Janet Grossman; James M. Pennington; Paul J. Woodward; David Duda; Jay G. Hirsch
ObjectiveTo determine prospectively whether parental receipt of injury prevention education is associated with new action limiting access to lethal means and if so, what action was taken for which means.
Bjork, Lars G.; Lewis, Wayne D.; Browne-Ferrigno, Tricia; Donkor, Anthony
This article examines the relationship between schools and society in the United States and uses human, social, and cultural capital theories to reframe the discussion of the role of schools in nurturing parent engagement. We argue that the ramifications of parent engagement in schools transcend functionalist ideas of complying with state and…
D'Angelo, Diane A.; Adler, C. Ralph
Chapter 1 programs across the country have taken significant steps toward building better communication with hard-to-reach families. Schools should adapt communication strategies to family needs, reach the intended audience, design inviting parent workshops, and make "good news" telephone calls. A sidebar features the McAllen, Texas, parent…
Johnson, Frankie V.
One school in a Western United States was recently rated academically unacceptable by the state. That same school had an inactive Parent as Teachers organization, and teachers expressed concerns regarding low parental involvement. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the impact of teacher perceptions of barriers to parental…
Interventions that aim to improve child dietary quality and reduce disease risk often involve parents. The most effective methods to engage parents remain unclear. A systematic review of interventions designed to change child and adolescent dietary behavior was conducted to answer whether parent inv...
Frewen, A. R.; Chew, E.; Carter, M.; Chunn, J.; Jotanovic, D.
Parental involvement (PI) and child-rearing beliefs were examined amongst parents whose children attended state-run kindergartens across Singapore. A total of 244 parents completed an online survey consisting of a Child-Rearing Beliefs Scale, a PI Scale, and demographic details. Results indicated respondents were generally low-income earners with…
The purpose of this applied dissertation study was to determine the relative impact of parental involvement, parental school perception, student generation status, and Caribbean adolescents' own attitudes and behavior towards academic achievement and reading comprehension skills. For this study, 45 Caribbean parents from Grenadian, Guyanese,…
Harper, Sarah N.; Pelletier, Janette
This study evaluated parents' communication, involvement and knowledge of their children's abilities in reading and mathematics among parents who spoke English as a first language (EL1) and those who were English language learners (ELL). Forty-two kindergarten-aged children, their parents and their teachers participated in the study. Results…
I. A. Ajayi; T. Ekundayo Haastrup; B. B. Arogundade
The study examined the relationship between parents' involvement in school administration and effectiveness of secondary schools in Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population consisted of all the teachers, principals and parents of the students in public secondary schools in South-West Nigeria. The sample comprised 1200 teachers, 300 parents and 60 principals from 60 secondary
Oralia Garcia-Dominic; Linda A. Wray; Roberto P. Treviño; Arthur E. Hernandez; Zenong Yin; Jan S. Ulbrecht
We investigated whether barriers to onsite parental involvement in the Bienestar Health Program Parent Component could be identified and whether participation rates could be increased by addressing these barriers. All nonparticipating parents of fourth-grade students of San Antonio Independent School District from 4 schools, which were selected randomly from 20 intervention schools in Bienestar, were invited to take part in
Lewis, Wayne D.; Colditz, Paul; Browne-Ferrigno, Tricia
This article explores parent involvement in decision making in the United States and in postapartheid South Africa and highlights similarities and differences in how parents in these two countries participate in public school governance and decision making. Parents' role in public school governance in South Africa is significant and entrenched in…
AT THE HEART OF THE EDUCATIONAL AND SOCIAL STATUS PROBLEMS OF THE MEXICAN-AMERICAN CHILD IS HIS CRITICAL NEED FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO COME TO SCHOOL WITH HIS PARENTS AT THE AGE OF 3 TO PARTICIPATE IN A CAREFULLY PLANNED PROGRAM FOR HIS EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION, ACCOMPANIED BY A PLAN FOR THE EDUCATION OF HIS PARENTS. DEVELOPMENT OF COMPETENCY IN…
Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Niilo, Airi
Questionnaires assessing mothers' involvement in children's education and their trust in teachers were developed for the usage in Estonian kindergartens and elementary schools. The scales were adapted based on the questionnaires by Fantuzzo and colleagues (parental involvement) and Adams and Christenson (trust). Mothers of 454 kindergarten…
The purpose of the research study was to explore the perceptions of Navajo mothers and Navajo fathers in the development and childrearing practices of their children and to what extent each parent was involved in their children by gender and age. The objective of the interviews was to capture the perceptions of each parent as to child development…
Cousins, Linwood; Mickelson, Roslyn A.
This article examines the role of parent involvement--its meaning and effects--among a determined group of African American parents. We focus on some of the characteristics of involvement of a subset of African American parents in a larger program designed to enhance the math and science course selection of middle and high school students. As one…
Vista, Alvin D.; Grantham, Tarek C.
This study examines the effect of parental education levels (PELs) on the fluid intelligence of Filipino public school students. The data were drawn from a normative study of a nonverbal intelligence test involving more than 2,700 students sampled across the country. As expected, PELs have a significant impact on fluid intelligence as measured…
Jankovi?, Suzana; Malatestini?, Giulia; Striehl, Henrietta Bencevi?
This study aims to detect opinions about what and when should be talked about in sexual education in schools respecting the role of parents. This study was conducted in 23 elementary schools in the town Rijeka, Croatia from March to May 2010. The sample consisted of parents of sixth grade elementary school pupils. There were 1,673 respondents, divided in groups of mothers and fathers. Both groups had answered what is the majority of topics to be talked about in the higher grades of elementary school. In lower elementary school grades children should be taught about the structure and differences of male and female genitalia. Topics that most parents find inappropriate to be talked about in sexual education, are sexual satisfaction and pleasure, masturbation, pornography and prostitution (5.01-7.7%). Results of this study can help in creating sexual education programs in schools where parents are considered of being equal accomplices. PMID:23697245
Garcia-Dominic, Oralia; Wray, Linda A.; Treviño, Roberto P.; Hernandez, Arthur E.; Yin, Zenong; Ulbrecht, Jan S.
We investigated whether barriers to onsite parental involvement in the Bienestar Health Program Parent Component could be identified and whether participation rates could be increased by addressing these barriers. All nonparticipating parents of fourth-grade students of San Antonio Independent School District from 4 schools, which were selected randomly from 20 intervention schools in Bienestar, were invited to take part in this study. A total of 47 of 223 (21%) parents engaged in one of four focus groups offered. Parents identified barriers to their involvement in Bienestar that fit into five descriptive categories: (a) low value, (b) high cost, (c) competing family demands, (d) concerns about the program design, and (e) social role norms. The Bienestar Parent Component was then modified according to the focus group findings, which resulted in a marked increase in parental involvement from 17% to 37% overall. These findings suggest that even when parents are involved in the initial design of parent-friendly and culturally sensitive programs, as was the case for Bienestar, maximizing parental involvement may require additional assessment, identification, and remediation of barriers. PMID:19339644
Finley Jr., Russell L.
#12;Medical Education Research Scholars Program 2013 / 2014 Inform - Involve - Enable revised 6/04/13 1 Medical Education Research Scholars Program (MERSP) Application Cover Sheet Please click medical education responsibilities II. Summary of medical education research experience III. Summary
This study examines the effectiveness of psycho education program in reducing parental stress and increases their psychological well being. A half day program has been conducted. The study used a quasi-experimental pre-post design. Twenty parents with various kinds of disabled children have participated in the study. The age-range of the participants is between 31-60 years old. Quantitative pre-post measures included
Wilson, Kristina; Gonzalez, Patricia; Romero, Tony; Henry, Kimberly; Cerbana, Christine
This study evaluates the efficacy of the Parenting from Prison curriculum which was implemented across Colorado correctional institutions. Parenting from Prison is a skills-based program that aims to strengthen family relationships and promote positive behaviors by increasing parental knowledge about risks, resiliency and developmental assets. A…
The purposes of this research were to 1) assess the training needs of teachers and parents in parent involvement and 3M principle roles (M1: moral supporter, M2: monitor, and M3: mentor), 2) investigate the results of the school-based training on the teachers' skills, and 3) examine the effects of causal factors and the consequences of the parent involvement growth on
Background The present study investigated associations in gender dyads of parents’ and adolescents’ time spent on television and video viewing (TV/DVD), and computer and electronic game use (PC/games) at the ages of 11 and 13 years. Possible mediating effects of parental modelling and parental regulation in the relationship between parental education and adolescents’ prospective TV/DVD and PC/game time were further examined. Methods A total of 908 adolescents, participating at both ages 11 and 13 years in the Norwegian HEalth In Adolescents (HEIA) cohort study (2007–2009), were included in the analyses. Data on adolescents’, mothers’ and fathers’ self reported time spent on TV/DVD and PC/games were measured at both time points by questionnaires. Correlation coefficients were used to examine gender dyads of parents’ and adolescents’ reports. Mediation analyses using linear regression investigated possible mediation effects of parental modelling and parental regulation in the prospective relationship between parental education and adolescents’ time spent on TV/DVD and PC/games between the ages of 11 and 13 years. Results Correlations of screen time behaviours in gender dyads of parents and adolescents showed significant associations in time spent on TV/DVD at the age of 11 and 13 years. Associations between mothers and sons and between fathers and daughters were also observed in time spent on PC/games at the age of 11 years. Maternal and paternal modelling was further found to mediate the relationship between parental education and adolescents’ prospective TV/DVD time between the ages of 11 and 13 years. No mediation effect was observed for parental regulation, however a decrease in both maternal and paternal regulation at the age of 11 years significantly predicted more TV/DVD time among adolescents at the age of 13 years. Conclusion Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships were observed in gender dyads of parents’ and adolescents’ screen time behaviours at the ages of 11 and 13 years, and further studies including both parents and their children should be emphasized. Moreover, maternal and paternal modelling were found to be important target variables in interventions aiming to reduce social differences by parental education in adolescents’ prospective time spent on TV/DVD. PMID:23829607
Columna, Luis; Pyfer, Jean; Senne, Terry; Velez, Luisa; Bridenthrall, Nancy; Canabal, Maria Yolanda
The purpose of this study was to identify the perspectives of Hispanic parents of children with disabilities regarding adapted physical education (APE) professionals in relationship to their child's purposeful play and transition to school programming. Participants (N=11) were Hispanic parents of children with disabilities. Parents participated in one-on-one interviews in their preferred language (Spanish or English). Transcripts were analyzed through a constant comparative analysis. Three themes emerged from the data: (a) qualified APE professionals, (b) challenges for the family, and (c) normalcy. These themes were supported by subthemes. The results indicated that Hispanic families were not as familiar with APE services as Caucasian families were. Parental expectations among Hispanic parents were similar to Caucasian parents, but the preference for modes of communication and information differed. PMID:18765863
In order to help parents and community members participate more effectively and better understand the importance of their involvement in the planning and administration of migrant education programs in Oregon, the English-Spanish booklet suggests general procedures for organizing, leading, and training Parent Advisory Committees (PACs), required…
Burke, Jeffrey D.; Mulvey, Edward P.; Schubert, Carol A.; Garbin, Sara R.
The active involvement of parents – whether as recipients, extenders, or managers of services - during their youth’s experience with the juvenile justice system is widely assumed to be crucial. Parents and family advocacy groups note persisting concerns with the degree to which successful parental involvement is achieved. Justice system providers are highly motivated and actively working to make improvements. These coalescing interests provide a strong motivation for innovation and improvement regarding family involvement, but the likely success of these efforts is severely limited by the absence of any detailed definition of parental involvement or validated measure of this construct. Determining whether and how parental involvement works in juvenile justice services depends on the development of clear models and sound measurement. Efforts in other child serving systems offer guidance to achieve this goal. A multidimensional working model developed with parents involved in child protective services is presented as a template for developing a model for parental involvement in juvenile justice. Features of the model requiring changes to make it more adaptable to juvenile justice are identified. A systematic research agenda for developing methods and measures to meet the present demands for enhanced parental involvement in juvenile justice services is presented. PMID:24748704
McDonnall, Michele Capella; Cavenaugh, Brenda S.; Giesen, J. Martin
The effect of parental involvement on achievement has received a significant amount of research attention in the general student population, but surprisingly very little research has been conducted in this area for students with disabilities. This study investigated the association between parental involvement (both at home and at school) and…
Barnyak, Natalie Conrad; McNelly, Tracy A.
This quantitative study examines the practices and beliefs of administrators and teachers regarding parent involvement in an urban school district following the first year of the implementation of an action plan based on six national standards for parent involvement (National PTA, 1997). The theoretical framework is based upon Bandura's social…