These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Space ecoliteracy- five informal education models for community empowerment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space ecoliteracy is a historical necessity and vital aspect of space age.Space Situational Awareness has taught lessons for mankind to look inward while stretching beyond cradle in human endeavours. Quality of life for every one on the only home of mankind-TERRA shall be a feasibility only after realizing Space ecoliteracy amongst all stakeholders in space quest. Objectives of Informal Environmental Education(UNESCO/UNEP/IEEP,1977) mandates awareness, attitude, knowledge, skill and participation at Individual and Community domains. Application of Space Technology at both Telecommunications and Remote Sensing domain have started making the fact that mankind has a challenge to learn and affirm earthmanship. Community empowerment focus after Earth Summit 1992 mandate of Sustainable Development has demonstrated a deluge of best practices in Agriculture,Urban, Industries and service sectors all over the globe. Further, deployment of Space technologies have proved the immense potential only after pre-empting the participatory approach at individual and community levels.Indian Space Programme with its 44th year of space service to national development has demonstrated self reliance in space technology for human development. Space technology for the most underdeveloped is a success story both in communication and information tools for quality of life. In this presentation Five Space Ecoliteracy models designed and validated since 1985 till date on informal environmental education namely 1) Ecological Environmental Studies by Students-EESS (1988): cited as one of the 20 best eco -education models by Earth Day Network,2)Community Eco Literacy Campaign-CEL,(2000): cited as a partner under Clean Up the World Campaign,UN, 3) Space Eco Literacy(2011)-an informa 8 week space eco literacy training reported at 39th COSPAR 12 assembly and 4) Space Eco Literacy by Practice(2014)- interface with formal education at institutions and 5) Space Ecoliteracy Mission as a space out reach in Popular Science are listed. Five models methodologies, design criterion and working details along with the net benefits to the community are discussed.

Venkataramaiah, Jagannatha; Jagannath, Sahana; J, Spandana; J, Sadhana; Jagannath, Shobha

2

Space education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An essential pre-requisite to a successful space technology applications programme is the building of various indigenous capacities, particularly human resources. Efforts to accomplish such a capacity-building must be devoted, at the local level, to the development of necessary high-level knowledge and expertise in space science and technology fields. Such a programme must also focus on long-term in-depth education and research opportunities in the developing countries, where the beneficiaries would gain an in-depth understanding and appreciation of not only the application potentials of a given technology but also an insight into why and how the technology works the way it does. In recognition of such a pre-requisite, it is universally acknowledged that if effective assimilation of space science and appropriate application of space technology are to succeed in the developing countries, and particularly if such a discipline as satellite remote sensing is to transcend its current image of being a technology-driven tool into a user-driven one, efforts must be devoted, at the local level, to the development of necessary high-level knowledge and expertise in requisite space science and technology fields. The justification for such an in-depth education is not far-fetched particularly as one reflects on the myriad of space science and technology activities that are both in progress and are planned. Aspects of these are reflected in this paper.

Abiodun, Adigun Ade

3

Hierarchical Network Models for Education Research: Hierarchical Latent Space Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intervention studies in school systems are sometimes aimed not at changing curriculum or classroom technique, but rather at changing the way that teachers, teaching coaches, and administrators in schools work with one another--in short, changing the professional social networks of educators. Current methods of social network analysis are…

Sweet, Tracy M.; Thomas, Andrew C.; Junker, Brian W.

2013-01-01

4

Geology -Earth and Space Science Education Model Schedule Effective Fall 2007 YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4  

E-print Network

Geology - Earth and Space Science Education Model Schedule Effective Fall 2007 YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 32160 or BL2170, and CH 1120 are not required for the Earth and Space Science teaching major as described by the Department of Education. The B.S. in Geology with the Earth and Space Science Education

5

Community Coordinated Modeling Center tools for solar and space physics higher education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) has developed over the years a comprehensive set of tools that are directly applicable to higher education. The tools range from standard runs-on-request system providing access to state-of-the-art solar and space physics models to online tutorials on space weather analysis. CCMC has also supported directly, for example, by means of tailored simulations and web interfaces various educational activities such as CISM and Heliophysics Summer Schools. In this paper we provide a brief overview of CCMC tools that can benefit a variety of educational efforts. We will discuss, for example, the usage of integrated Space Weather Analysis (iSWA) system, CCMC runs-on-request system, advanced visualizations tools such as Space Weather Explorer 2 and other publicly available CCMC material in higher education. We will give explicit examples of some of our success stories and outline our envisioned higher education path forward. The main portals to CCMC's educational material are ccmc.gsfc.nasa.gov and iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov.

Pulkkinen, A.; Kuznetsova, M. M.; Hesse, M.; Berrios, D.; Maddox, M. M.; Rastaetter, L.

2011-12-01

6

Dedicated Space Science Education Centres Provide the Model for Effective Outreach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Planetaria and science centres are traditionally successful players in engaging all levels and ages of society. They have long played a supportive role to and within education. Their value in teacher circles has always been recognised as an effective resource. Given the decline in career choices in traditional Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and astronomy and planetary sciences, they are now more important than ever. Since their inception the role and function of Planetaria has been required to evolve to meet the changing demands of society. They are now faced with the challenge of meeting new requirements and the need for new and different resources, techniques, support and funding models to meet and effectively deliver to new target groups. To face these challenges these pivotal centres require new methodology in their development of programs to be effective in their support to education. New directions specifically tailored for teacher professional development and for student studies. The changing requirements have resulted in a new kind of science centre one dedicated and specially designed using space science and dedicated to formal education across stem activities. The space scientist forms an integral and key role in this type of centre by providing the science, the passion of discovery and the relevance of the science to the community. These programs need to be carefully aligned to flexible course requirements and objectives to ensure relevancy to the education and outreach sector. They need access to and the support and input from the scientist and research institutions. They need real and appropriate material and resources. Scientists need effective channels through which to inform and share their work. Here is the potential for enormously effective symbiosis. This paper describes how new multi million dollar state-of-the-art space science centres are working with cutting edge science, research institutes, universities, government education departments, all education stakeholders and deliverers in formal, informal and non-specialist education support. The dedicated space education centres provide realistic prototypes for the restructuring of existing planetaria and science centres to meet needs of education in 21st Century.

Brumfitt, A.

7

Space physics educational outreach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this Space Physics Educational Outreach project was to develop a laboratory experiment and classroom lecture on Earth's aurora for use in lower division college physics courses, with the particular aim of implementing the experiment and lecture at Saint Mary's College of California. The strategy is to teach physics in the context of an interesting natural phenomenon by investigating the physical principles that are important in Earth's aurora, including motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields, particle collisions and chemical reactions, and atomic and molecular spectroscopy. As a by-product, the undergraduate students would develop an appreciation for naturally occurring space physics phenomena.

Copeland, Richard A.

1995-01-01

8

Higher Education Space: Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study of changing demands for space in United Kingdom (UK) higher education. Physical spaces that universities require are related to their functions in complex ways, and the connections between space and academic performance are not well understood. No simple algorithm can calculate a single university's space needs, but a…

Temple, Paul; Barnett, Ronald

2007-01-01

9

Space Station Freedom - A resource for aerospace education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of the International Space Station in future U.S. aerospace education efforts is discussed from a NASA perspective. The overall design concept and scientific and technological goals of the Space Station are reviewed, and particular attention is given to education projects such as the Davis Planetarium Student Space Station, the Starship McCullough, the Space Habitat, the working Space Station model in Austin, TX, the Challenger Center for Space Life Education, Space M+A+X, and the Space Science Student Involvement Program. Also examined are learning-theory aspects of aerospace education: child vs adult learners, educational objectives, teaching methods, and instructional materials.

Brown, Robert W.

1988-01-01

10

Construction of the Hunveyor-Husar space probe model system for planetary science education and analog studies and simulations in universities and colleges of Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several teachers and students had the possibility to visit International Space Camp in the vicinity of the MSFC NASA in Huntsville Alabama USA where they learned the success of simulators in space science education To apply these results in universities and colleges in Hungary we began a unified complex modelling in planetary geology robotics electronics and complex environmental analysis by

Sz. Bérczi; S. Hegyi; Gy. Hudoba; H. Hargitai; A. Kokiny; B. Drommer; A. Gucsik; A. Pintér; Zs. Kovács

2006-01-01

11

Space Science Education Resource Directory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the more difficult tasks facing educators (and others involved in education and public outreach) is that of identifying, finding, and accessing existing NASA science resources that meet their specific needs. NASA's OSS EPO Support Network has assembled a NASA Space Science Education resource Directory to assist interested individuals (including planetary scientists) to identify and download desired electronic products funded by NASA. This presentation will describe and demonstrate the system, which was unveiled in early October 2000 through a NASA Press Release; the Resource Directory is located at URL http://teachspacescience.stsci.edu. We are investigating solutions to the difficult issue of efficient distribution of hard copy resources. We hope to have a live computer demonstration of the Directory at the NASA Space Science EPO booth at the Conference. Comments and feedback on the Directory structure and contents will be solicited and welcome.

Betrue, R.; Miner, E.; Lowes, L.; Meyer, K.; Rosendhal, J.; Morrow, C.

2000-12-01

12

Operational Space Weather in USAF Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most education programs offering space weather courses are understandably and traditionally heavily weighted with theoretical space physics that is the basis for most of what is researched and modeled. While understanding the theory is a good and necessary grounding for anyone working the field of space weather, few military or commercial jobs employ such theory in real-time operations. The operations sites/centers are much more geared toward use of applied theory-resultant models, tools and products. To ensure its operations centers personnel, commanders, real-time system operators and other customers affected by the space environment are educated on available and soon-to-be operational space weather models and products, the USAF has developed applicable course/lecture material taught at various institutions to include the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) and the Joint Weather Training Complex (335th/TRS/OUA). Less frequent training of operational space weather is available via other venues that will be discussed, and associated course material is also being developed for potential use at the National Security Space Institute (NSSI). This presentation provides an overview of the programs, locations, courses and material developed and/or taught by or for USAF personnel dealing with operational space weather. It also provides general information on student research project results that may be used in operational support, along with observations regarding logistical and professional benefits of teaching such non-theoretical/non-traditional material.

Smithtro, C.; Quigley, S.

2006-12-01

13

EDUCATION AND SKILLS CASE FOR SPACE  

E-print Network

THE EDUCATION AND SKILLS CASE FOR SPACE PAUL SPENCER AND GRAHAM HULBERT JUNE 2006 #12;#12;Contents: IMechE Survey 40 References 42 #12;The Education and Skills Case for Space Executive Summary Our survey found that space has a direct, positive effect on educational and career decisions and on participation

14

Space Shuttle Glider. Educational Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Space Shuttle Glider is a scale model of the U.S. Space Shuttle orbiter. The airplane-like orbiter usually remains in Earth orbit for up to two weeks at a time. It normally carries a six- to seven-person crew which includes the mission commander, pilot, and several mission and/or payload specialists who have specialized training associated with…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

15

Using the Earth as an Effective Model for Integrating Space Science Into Education Outreach Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our methods of teaching Earth and space science as two disciplines do not represent the spirit of earlier scientists such as Aristotle, da Vinci, and Galileo. We need to re-evaluate these methods and take advantage of the excitement created in the general public over the recent space science exploration programs. The information that we are obtaining from both the Mars

P. A. Morris; J. Allen; C. Galindo; G. McKay; V. Obot; P. Reiff

2005-01-01

16

Education & SpaceEducation & Space A teacherA teacher''s perspectives perspective  

E-print Network

Education & SpaceEducation & Space A teacherA teacher''s perspectives perspective #12;Teaching industry & education partnershipSpace industry & education partnership Up to date news (kids version (online)(online) Data (school friendly)Data (school friendly) Live feedsLive feeds #12;The outcomes

17

Global visions for space exploration education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI), established in 1997 through a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) competition, is a 12-university consortium dedicated to space life science research and education. NSBRI's Education and Public Outreach Program (EPOP) has partnered with Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) to support NSBRI-NASA's education mission, which is to strengthen the nation's future science workforce through initiatives that communicate space exploration biology research findings to schools; support undergraduate and graduate programs; fund postdoctoral fellowships; and engage national and international audiences in collegial exchanges that promote global visions for space exploration education. This paper describes select MSM-NSBRI-EPOP activities, including scholarly interchanges with audiences in Austria, Canada, France, China, Greece, Italy, Scotland and Spain. The paper also makes the case for a global space exploration education vision that inspires students, engages educators and informs general audiences about the benefits that space exploration holds for life on Earth.

MacLeish, Marlene Y.; Thomson, William A.

2010-04-01

18

An American Construction of European Education Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The construction of the European education space has typically been attributed to European education policy makers, institutions, and networks. Rarely do scholars consider the role of outside, non-European actors in shaping the terrain of European education thought and practice. This article considers the construction of the European education

Silova, Iveta; Brehm, William C.

2010-01-01

19

National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Education  

E-print Network

in higher education to racially or ethnically underrepresented students, women, and personsNational Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Education Inspire. Engage. Educate. Employ. www.nasa.gov #12;Who We Are Education is a fundamental part of NASA's vision "to reach for new heights and reveal

Waliser, Duane E.

20

Global partnerships: Expanding the frontiers of space exploration education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Globalization is creating an interdependent space-faring world and new opportunities for international partnerships that strengthen space knowledge development and transfer. These opportunities have been codified in the Global Exploration Strategy, which endorses the "inspirational and educational value of space exploration" [1]. Also, during the 2010 Heads of Space Agencies Summit celebrating the International Academy of Astronautics' (IAA) 50th Anniversary, space-faring nations from across the globe issued a collective call in support of robust international partnerships to expand the frontiers of space exploration and generate knowledge for improving life on Earth [2]. Educators play a unique role in this mission, developing strategic partnerships and sharing best educational practices to (1) further global understanding of the benefits of space exploration for life on Earth and (2) prepare the next generation of scientists required for the 21st Century space workforce. Educational Outreach (EO) programs use evidence-based, measurable outcomes strategies and cutting edge information technologies to transfer space-based science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) knowledge to new audiences; create indigenous materials with cultural resonance for emerging space societies; support teacher professional development; and contribute to workforce development initiatives that inspire and prepare new cohorts of students for space exploration careers. The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) have sustained a 13-year space science education partnership dedicated to these objectives. This paper briefly describes the design and achievements of NSBRI's educational programs, with special emphasis on those initiatives' involvement with IAA and the International Astronautical Congress (IAC). The IAA Commission 2 Draft Report, Space for Africa, is discussed as a model for developing sustainable partnerships and indigenous programs that support Africa's steady emergence as a global space-faring force. The IAC will provide timely: 2011 South Africa will provide timely feedback to refine that report's strategies for space life sciences education and public engagement in Africa and around the globe.

MacLeish, Marlene Y.; Akinyede, Joseph O.; Goswami, Nandu; Thomson, William A.

2012-11-01

21

Popularizing Space Education in Indian Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indians have many mythological stories about many constellations and stars. Hindu months are based on MOON and 27 stars on Zodiac. They are very important for many Indians in ritual, religious functions. By prompting them to identify their birth star, really makes them elevated. Similarly conveying them the importance of star gazing with respect to their day today life makes them to take interest and active participation in Space Activities. Space activities should be driven by public; their requirements; their dreams and imaginations. Their active participation definitely gives valuable inputs to space scientists. Hence, there is a need of involving common man or public mass by appropriate motivation by organising sky gazing sessions, exhibitions, workshops, etc. In this connection, even if the some organisation are able to attract a small percent of qualified engineers/scientists,, enthusiastic students, it would result in the creation of a sizable pool of talent in space sciences,which may well determine the future mankind on this planet. Some simple motivation acts have made the people to take interest in space. we have been using certain methodologies to popularize space science - 1] Conducting theory sessions on basics of star gazing and conveying importance of sky gazing with respect to day-today life. 2] Organising seminars, workshops, lectures and other academic/popular science activities with special reference to space science 3] Projects - a] Cubsat Missions b] Automatic Weather Station Facility c] Model making d] Creating and simulating space models and rover making competitions. The 50 year's of Exploration has left tremendous impact on many society's working towards space education and exploration.

Yalagi, Amrut

22

Space education in Russia: directions, achievements, problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space science being at the forefront of humanity evolvement greatly contributes to education trend and content From the other side Space science community needs in some basic level of education in society to get an appreciation and public support of research programs From this view educational activity of space science should be addressed to different target audiences and use different approaches The report describes the educational efforts of Russian Space Science Council and Russian Academy of Sciences in such directions as professional high education in collaboration with MIPT MAI MSU and some other high school institutions student spacecraft Chibis school education international school spacecraft Colidri organizing of student and young scientist conferences publishing in popular-science journals The actual problems met in this area are discussed

Alferov, A.; Veselov, M.; Zelenyi, L.

23

The Production of Urban Educational Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely recognised that large urban centres exhibit significant and enduring patterns of educational inequality. This paper explores the social production of urban educational space. In particular, it argues that since these patterns are geographical, it will be useful to revisit the emergence of an "urban crisis" in education and attempts,…

Morgan, John

2012-01-01

24

Public Spaces and Moral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The questions of how and where to do moral education have been with us since antiquity. But, over the past couple of hundred years we have sent moral education to the margins within higher education. Using the historical analysis of Julie Reuben, the moral psychological work of Augusto Blasi, and the educational philosophical work of John Dewey, I…

Jacobson, Ronald B.

2009-01-01

25

Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since 1969, the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a private, nonprofit corporation, has worked closely with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to advance space science and technology and to promote education in those areas. USRA's Division of Space Life Sciences (DSLS) has been NASA's life sciences research partner for the past 18 years. For the last six years, our Cooperative Agreement NCC9-41 for the 'Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program' has stimulated and assisted life sciences research and education at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) - both at the Center and in collaboration with outside academic institutions. To accomplish our objectives, the DSLS has facilitated extramural research, developed and managed educational programs, recruited and employed visiting and staff scientists, and managed scientific meetings.

Coats, Alfred C.

2001-01-01

26

Making space part of general education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

General education reform is on-going at many universities to, in part, make undergraduate students more technically literate. The space program provides an area of study that is still exciting to students, provides technical content, and can incorporate the other goals. Additionally, human space activity contains international and interdisciplinary dimensions that can reach students outside of the technical disciplines. The development and contents of a space education course to become part of the university's general education program open to all students is presented. Included in the presentation is a listing of the course materials to be used by the students.

Horan, Stephen

1992-01-01

27

Alternative Education Spaces in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the architecture of the Red de Innovacion y Aprendizaje (RIA), or Learning and Innovation Network, which is a group of education centres that provide access to computers, the Internet and quality education to low-income communities in Mexico. The RIA began in May 2009 when ten pilot centres were opened in four municipalities…

Gray, Chloe

2010-01-01

28

Space Research, Education, and Related Activities in the Space Sciences  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Universities Space Research Association received an award of Cooperative Agreement NCC5-356 on September 29, 1998. The mission of this activity, known as the Cooperative Program in Space Sciences (CPSS), is to conduct space science research and leading-edge instrumentation and technology development, enable research by the space sciences communities, and to expedite the effective dissemination of space science research, technology, data, and information to the educational community and the general public. To fulfill this mission, USRA recruits and maintains a staff of scientific researchers, operates a series of guest investigator facilities, organizes scientific meetings and workshops, and encourages various interactions with students and university faculty members.

Black, David; Marshall, Frank (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

29

Coordinating Space Nuclear Research Advancement and Education  

SciTech Connect

The advancement of space exploration using nuclear science and technology has been a goal sought by many individuals over the years. The quest to enable space nuclear applications has experienced many challenges such as funding restrictions; lack of political, corporate, or public support; and limitations in educational opportunities. The Center for Space Nuclear Research (CSNR) was established at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with the mission to address the numerous challenges and opportunities relevant to the promotion of space nuclear research and education.1 The CSNR is operated by the Universities Space Research Association and its activities are overseen by a Science Council comprised of various representatives from academic and professional entities with space nuclear experience. Program participants in the CSNR include academic researchers and students, government representatives, and representatives from industrial and corporate entities. Space nuclear educational opportunities have traditionally been limited to various sponsored research projects through government agencies or industrial partners, and dedicated research centers. Centralized research opportunities are vital to the growth and development of space nuclear advancement. Coordinated and focused research plays a key role in developing the future leaders in the space nuclear field. The CSNR strives to synchronize research efforts and provide means to train and educate students with skills to help them excel as leaders.

John D. Bess; Jonathon A. Webb; Brian J. Gross; Aaron E. Craft

2009-11-01

30

Space Ship Pilot Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Space Ship Pilot model is a model of motion under Newton's laws with and without resistive forces. The first environment puts the user in control of docking a space shuttle, and the second puts the user in control of docking a boat.

Joiner, David; The Shodor Education Foundation, Inc.

31

Modeling the space shuttle  

Microsoft Academic Search

We summarize our methodology for modeling space shuttle processing using discrete event simulation. Why the project was initiated, what the overall goals were, how it was funded, and who were the members of the project team are identified. We describe the flow of the space shuttle flight hardware through the supporting infrastructure and how the-model was created to accurately portray

Grant R. Cates; Martin J. Steele; M. Mollaghasemi; G. Rabadi

2002-01-01

32

Challenges of Space Education in the Philippines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Philippines has recently started in developing and promoting space science education through the Philippine Space Science Education Program (PSSEP) of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). However, as a developing country, there are numerous challenges in promoting space education to students and teachers. In this paper, we assessed the recent activities done by the PSSEP and demonstrate their effectiveness. In addition, we will expound on the social, political and logistical challenges of promoting space education in an archipelago such as the Philippines. We will also present the preliminary feedback and assessment of the Space Science Program (SSP), a pilot program which teaches space science as a separate subject in the basic educational system from kindergarten to high school. We will also discuss the various teaching strategies we utilized in the SSP that can be adopted depending on the needs and capabilities of the host school. Finally, we discuss the challenges of instituting a formal astronomy and space science course and the issues that needs to be addressed for an effective and sustainable program.

Sese, Rogel Mari

33

Educating with Aircraft Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is utilization of aircraft models, model aircraft clubs, and model aircraft magazines to promote student interest in aerospace education. The addresses for clubs and magazines are included. (SL)

Steele, Hobie

1976-01-01

34

Application of space benefits to education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information on the conducting of a teacher workshop is presented. This educational pilot project updated instruction material, used improved teaching techniques, and increased student motivation. The NASA/MSFC industrial facilities, and the displays at the Alabama Space and Rocket Center (ASRC) were key elements of the program, including a permanent exhibit, at the latter, on selected benefits accruing from the space program.

Dannenberg, K. K.; Ordway, F. I., III

1972-01-01

35

Where Is the Space for Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many competing factors are now affecting how students think about higher education. One primary factor is the use of a business model for education--highlighting profit, patents, commercial investments, and the use of market competition, for example--appears to have become commonplace. Boards of education and university presidents now include a…

Davidson, Ron; Henderson, Lynette K.; Knotts, Greg; Swain, John

2011-01-01

36

Space industrialization - Education. [via communication satellites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The components of an educational system based on, and perhaps enhanced by, space industrialization communications technology are considered. Satellite technology has introduced a synoptic distribution system for various transmittable educational media. The cost of communications satellite distribution for educational programming has been high. It has, therefore, been proposed to utilize Space Shuttle related technology and Large Space Structures (LSS) to construct a system with a quantum advancement in communication capability and a quantum reduction in user cost. LSS for communications purposes have three basic advantages for both developed and emerging nations, including the ability to distribute signals over wide geographic areas, the reduced cost of satellite communications systems versus installation of land based systems, and the ability of a communication satellite system to create instant educational networks.

Joels, K. M.

1978-01-01

37

Marshall Space Flight Center's Education Department  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Marshall Space Flight Center's Education Department is a resource for Educator, Students and Lifelong Learners. This paper will highlight the Marshall Space Flight Center's Education Department with references to other NASA Education Departments nationwide. The principal focus will be on the responsibilities of the Pre-college Education Team which is responsible for supporting K- 12 teachers highlighting how many of the NASA Pre-college Offices engage teachers and their students in better understanding NASA's inspiring missions, unique facilities, and specialized workforce to carryout these many agency-wide tasks, goals and objectives. Attendee's will learn about the Marshall Educational Alliance Teams, as well, which is responsible for using NASA's unique assets to support all types of learning. All experience and knowledge levels, all grades K-12, and teachers in these specified groupings will gain a true appreciation of what is available for them, through Marshall Space Flight Center's Education Department. An agency-wide blue directory booklet will be distributed to all attendees, for future references and related points of contact.

Henderson, Arthur J., Jr.; Whitaker, Ann F. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

38

State-Space Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A very general model that seems to subsume a whole class of special cases of interest in much the same way that linear regression\\u000a does is the state-space model or the dynamic linear model, which was introduced in Kalman (1960) and Kalman and Bucy (1961).\\u000a Although the model was originally introduced as a method primarily for use in aerospace-related research,

Robert H. Shumway; David S. Stoffer

39

Space Education and Public awareness in Nepal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nepalese students are curious with space missions of China and India. The possibility of space mission is not imminent to Nepal for the next few decades. To develop space activities and to industrialize astronomy, base of space education in the high schools must be very effective. This paper highlights the present scenario of space education and discusses the syllabus of astronomy in the different education level of Nepal. Astronomy is included in the syllabus of science book of middle school and high school which contains very few contents of solar system, constellations, galaxy, black holes and formation of stars. There is no any degree for higher studies in astronomy as a separate department in any university of Nepal. This paper also highlights the space activities and national level programs conducting in Nepal. With the rise of many astronomical clubs and societies in the different regions of Nepal, astronomy outreach has been more effective in the recent time. Methods of astronomy outreach and public awareness that are being used in Nepal will be discussed in brief and how these programs have affected to create interest of students and public in astronomy will be mentioned in brief.

Lamsal, Jeevan; Wagle, Suman

40

Wisconsin Earth and Space Science Education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Wisconsin Earth and Space Science Education project successfilly met its objectives of creating a comprehensive online portfolio of science education curricular resources and providing a professional development program to increase educator competency with Earth and Space science content and teaching pedagogy. Overall, 97% of participants stated that their experience was either good or excellent. The favorable response of participant reactions to the professional development opportunities highlights the high quality of the professional development opportunity. The enthusiasm generated for using the curricular material in classroom settings was overwhelmingly positive at 92%. This enthusiasm carried over into actual classroom implementation of resources from the curricular portfolio, with 90% using the resources between 1-6 times during the school year. The project has had a positive impact on student learning in Wisconsin. Although direct measurement of student performance is not possible in a project of this kind, nearly 75% of participating teachers stated that they saw an increase in student performance in math and science as a result of using project resources. Additionally, nearly 75% of participants saw an increase in the enthusiasm of students towards math and science. Finally, some evidence exists that the professional development academies and curricular portfolio have been effective in changing educator behavior. More than half of all participants indicated that they have used more hands-on activities as a result of the Wisconsin Earth and Space Science Education project.

Bilbrough, Larry (Technical Monitor); French, George

2003-01-01

41

Creating New Spaces: Community-controlled Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with students, administrators/faculty, and the Cree community in Manitoba explored delivery of postsecondary community-based education. The model of community-controlled education includes Cree culture (indigenous knowledge and traditions), university culture, and the negotiated interface of innovative delivery and instruction and a…

Matheos, Kathleen; Kirby, David

2002-01-01

42

Education of a model student  

PubMed Central

A dilemma faced by teachers, and increasingly by designers of educational software, is the trade-off between teaching new material and reviewing what has already been taught. Complicating matters, review is useful only if it is neither too soon nor too late. Moreover, different students need to review at different rates. We present a mathematical model that captures these issues in idealized form. The student’s needs are modeled as constraints on the schedule according to which educational material and review are spaced over time. Our results include algorithms to construct schedules that adhere to various spacing constraints, and bounds on the rate at which new material can be introduced under these schedules. PMID:22308334

Novikoff, Timothy P.; Kleinberg, Jon M.; Strogatz, Steven H.

2012-01-01

43

Standardizing the European Education Policy Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Countries in Europe, through the European Union, are creating, as part of the market and its governance, a new policy space in education. It is being formed through law, regulation, networking and harmonization. The development of standards across the different fields of policy, statistical calculation and commerce underpins and extends the…

Lawn, Martin

2011-01-01

44

Lesbian Lacunae: Invisible Spaces in Dance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research about sexuality and dance has begun to address the needs of gay male dancers, yet the needs of lesbian dancers have remained mostly absent from scholarly discourse. Exploring the lesbian lacunae, or invisible spaces of dance education, reveals the personal, political, and pedagogical implications of their existence within the dance…

Mozingo, Karen A.

2005-01-01

45

Physics Education Launched from Space Exploration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have cooperated with some schools and performed several activities. The feature of our plan is to make the "space" a keyword and let students understand the importance and the fun of physics. We have practiced our plan, and it has turned out to be effective for schoolchild, high school students, and for college students. In this paper we report on the contents of our activities, and present some methods of physics education related to basic space science and space technology, to make physics more interesting.

Akiyama, Hiroaki; Kijima, Masachika; Ishizuka, Wataru

46

International Space Station-enabled Educational Opportunities  

E-print Network

developed in partnership with Disney- Pixar NASA-led International Opportunities #12;l Nanoracks: a hydromechanical model of vestibular human analyzer with three mutually perpendicular channels. #12;CSA Education

47

Space Science EPO: Providing STEM Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In addressing the clearly articulated national need of providing education and workforce development within the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields, Capitol College recently established the Center for Space Science Education and Public Outreach. Working in cooperation with the college's Space Operations Institute (SOI), the Center provides hands-on educational opportunities for future leaders in the STEM and aerospace fields utilizing space science, astronomy, and leadership development. Targeting the K-12, community college and college students, and those who support them in achieving leadership careers in STEM fields, the Center's programs are to: 1. Provide hands-on educational experiences to both introduce and continue to expand interest in STEM fields as a possible career for: middle school, high school, community college and college students. 2. Provide leadership development opportunities to enable the students to be the future leaders within the STEM fields. 3. Support the dissemination of information regarding STEM workforce and leadership opportunities. This presentation provides an introduction to the Center, the SOI and our EPO activities working with middle schools and high schools in the state of Maryland.

Gibbs, Michael; Walters, A.

2010-01-01

48

National Space Biomedical Research Institute Education and Public Outreach Program: Education for the next generation of space explorers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) Education and Public Outreach Program (EPOP) is supporting the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) new vision for space exploration by educating and inspiring the next generation of students through a seamless pipeline of kindergarten through postdoctoral education programs. NSBRI EPOP initiatives are designed to train scientists and to communicate the significance of

Marlene Y. MacLeish; William A. Thomson; Nancy Moreno; Patrick J. Gannon; Roland B. Smith; Clifford W. Houston; Gary Coulter; Gregory L. Vogt

2007-01-01

49

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) education 1993--2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was established in 1958 and began operating a formal education program in 1993. The purpose of this study was to analyze the education program from 1993 -- 2009 by examining strategic plan documents produced by the NASA education office and interviewing NASA education officials who served during that time period. Constant changes in education

Christine M. Ivie

2009-01-01

50

An innovative approach to space education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At present, Canada does not have enough scientists to be competitive in the global economy, which is rapidly changing from a reliance on natural resources and industry to information and technology. Space is the final frontier and it is a multidisciplinary endeavor. It requires a knowledge of science and math, as well as non-science areas such as architecture and law. Thus, it can attract a large number of students with a diverse range of interests and career goals. An overview is presented of the space education program designed by Canadian Alumni of the International Space University (CAISU) to encourage students to pursue studies and careers in science and technology and to improve science literacy in Canada.

Marton, Christine; Berinstain, Alain B.; Criswick, John

1994-01-01

51

Synergy in a town center : juxtaposition of artifact, public, and educational space  

E-print Network

This thesis proposes a new model for public and educational space in a synergistic and physical relationship that encourages interaction and change. This model provides an arena for redefinition and mutual transformation ...

Sartorelli, Pamela Wilson

1994-01-01

52

Aviation & Space Education: A Teacher's Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide contains information on curriculum guides, resources for teachers, computer software and computer related programs, audio/visual presentations, model aircraft and demonstration aids, training seminars and career education, and an aerospace bibliography for primary grades. Each entry includes all or some of the following items:…

Texas State Dept. of Aviation, Austin.

53

Personalised Learning Spaces and Federated Online Labs for STEM Education at School  

E-print Network

Personalised Learning Spaces and Federated Online Labs for STEM Education at School Supporting online laboratories (Labs) for education in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM, and virtual models referred to hereafter as online labs for large-scale use in education. Go-Lab enables

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

Consortium for the Application of Space Data to Education - CASDE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

From Background section: The Conortium for the Application of Space Data to Education (CASDE) was formed to make space data holdings more easily accessible to educators and students. CASDE will take an even greater step and work with educators to develop specific sets of data and information, and concomitant software to apply these holdings to specific curricula in a diverse set of subjects.

Zygielbaum, A.; Rundquist, D.; Stork, E. J.

1995-01-01

55

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Education 1993-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was established in 1958 and began operating a formal education program in 1993. The purpose of this study was to analyze the education program from 1993-2009 by examining strategic plan documents produced by the NASA education office and interviewing NASA education officials who served during that…

Ivie, Christine M.

2009-01-01

56

Modeling Educational Usage of Facebook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to design a structural model explaining how users could utilize Facebook for educational purposes. In order to shed light on the educational usage of Facebook, in constructing the model, the relationship between users' Facebook adoption processes and their educational use of Facebook were included indirectly while the…

Mazman, Sacide Guzin; Usluel, Yasemin Kocak

2010-01-01

57

The New England Space Science Initiative in Education (NESSIE)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Founded in January 2002, NESSIE is the NASA/OSS broker/facilitator for education and public outreach (E/PO) within the six-state New England region. NESSIE is charged with catalyzing and fostering collaborations among space scientists and educators within both the formal and informal education communities. NESSIE itself is a collaboration of scientists and science educators at the Museum of Science, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, and Tufts University. Its primary goals are to 1) broker partnerships among space scientists and educators, 2) facilitate a wide range of educational and public outreach activities, and 3) examine and improve space science education methods. NESSIE's unique strengths reside in its prime location (the Museum of Science), its diverse mix of scientists and educators, and its dedicated board of advisors. NESSIE's role as a clearinghouse and facilitator of space science education is being realized through its interactive web site and via targeted meetings, workshops, and conferences involving scientists and educators. Special efforts are being made to reach underserved groups by tailoring programs to their particular educational needs and interests. These efforts are building on the experiences of prior and ongoing programs in space science education at the Museum of Science, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Tufts University, and NASA.

Waller, W. H.; Clemens, C. M.; Sneider, C. I.

2002-12-01

58

New Developments in the Hunveyor-Husar Educational Space Probe Model System of Hungarian Universities: New Atlas in the Series of the Solar System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new atlas on Hunveyor-Husar models studies: 1) The system of planetary materials research and constructive works with space probes, 2) Hunveyor developments, 3) Husar developments, 4) Mars analog site studies in Hungary and Utah.

S. Hegyi; Gy. Hudoba; H. Hargitai; Z. Balogh; T. Biró; I. Bornemisza; A. Kókány; A. Geresdi; G. Sasvári; R. Senyei; T. Varga; Sz. Bérczi

2007-01-01

59

Cost Modeling for Space Telescope  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parametric cost models are an important tool for planning missions, compare concepts and justify technology investments. This paper presents on-going efforts to develop single variable and multi-variable cost models for space telescope optical telescope assembly (OTA). These models are based on data collected from historical space telescope missions. Standard statistical methods are used to derive CERs for OTA cost versus aperture diameter and mass. The results are compared with previously published models.

Stahl, H. Philip

2011-01-01

60

Europeanizing Education: Governing a New Policy Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of common and diverse effects in the field of education across Europe is a growing field of inquiry and research. It is the result of many actions, networks and programmes over the last few decades and the development of common European education policies. "Europeanizing Education" describes the origins of European education policy, as…

Lawn, Martin; Grek, Sotiria

2012-01-01

61

Noncommutative space-time models  

E-print Network

The FRT quantum Euclidean spaces $O_q^N$ are formulated in terms of Cartesian generators. The quantum analogs of N-dimensional Cayley-Klein spaces are obtained by contractions and analytical continuations. Noncommutative constant curvature spaces are introduced as a spheres in the quantum Cayley-Klein spaces. For N=5 part of them are interpreted as the noncommutative analogs of (1+3) space-time models. As a result the quantum (anti) de Sitter, Newton, Galilei kinematics with the fundamental length and the fundamental time are suggested.

N. A. Gromov; V. V. Kuratov

2005-07-01

62

Mathematical Model of the Public Understanding of Space Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The success in deployment of the space programs now in many respects depends on comprehension by the citizens of necessity of programs, from "space" erudition of country. Purposefulness and efficiency of the "space" teaching and educational activity depend on knowledge of relationships between separate variables of such process. The empirical methods of ``space'' well-information of the taxpayers should be supplemented by theoretical models permitting to demonstrate a ways of control by these processes. Authors on the basis of their experience of educational activity during 50- years of among the students of space-rocket profession obtain an equation of ``space" state of the society determining a degree of its knowledge about Space, about achievements in its development, about indispensable lines of investigations, rates of informatization of the population. It is supposed, that the change of the space information consists of two parts: (1) - from going of the information about practical achievements, about development special knowledge requiring of independent financing, and (2) from intensity of dissemination of the ``free" information of a general educational line going to the population through mass-media, book, in family, in educational institutions, as a part of obligatory knowledge of any man, etc. In proposed model the level space well-information of the population depends on intensity of dissemination in the society of the space information, and also from a volume of financing of space-rocket technology, from a part of population of the employment in the space-rocket programs, from a factor of education of the population in adherence to space problems, from welfare and mentality of the people, from a rate of unemployment and material inequality. Obtained in the report on these principles the equation of a space state of the society corresponds to catastrophe such as cusp, the analysis has shown which one ways of control of the public understanding of space science. The boundary sectioning area of effective and unefficient modes of training and education of the population of country in space spirit is determined. The mathematical model of quality of process of education concern to an outer space exploration is reviewed separately. The coefficient of quality of education in an estimation of space event is submitted as relation ? I' to mismatch of the universal standard of behavior with the information, which is going to the external spectator, about the applicable reacting of the considered individual ? I''. The obtained outcomes allow to control a learning process and education of the society spirit of adherence to space ideals of mankind.

Prisniakov, V.; Prisniakova, L.

63

Workshops in Science Education and Resources (Project WISER): A Model for Building Content and Pedagogical Skills in Space Science for Elementary and Middle School Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Planetary Science Institute (PSI), in partnership with the Tucson Regional Science Center, is offering a series of professional development workshops targeting elementary and middle school science teachers in Southern Arizona. Facilitated by a team of earth and space scientists and educators, these workshops provide teachers with in-depth content knowledge of fundamental concepts in astronomy, geology, and planetary science. Each workshop is designed around core content big ideas (Wiggins & McTighe 1998), including all materials and assessments. During workshops, teachers participate in hands-on exercises using images and maps, and they conduct their own experiments.

Buxner, S. R.; Crown, D. A.; Lebofsky, L. A.; Croft, S. K.; Cañizo, T. L.; Pierazzo, E.; Kortenkamp, S.; Baldridge, A.; Project Wiser Team

2012-08-01

64

Model Energy Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy education is an area in the early stages of development. The federal and state governments, as well as industries, support energy curricula in different ways. The implementation and the future of energy education are discussed. (CJ)

Disinger, John F.

1981-01-01

65

Collective space in support of education  

E-print Network

Over the last two hundred years formal education has developed into a major component of modern society. It is seen as the training of individuals to be free-thinking, contributing citizens. Education has also been touted ...

Reid, Michael Erickson

1996-01-01

66

Redefining the Systems Space in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A systemic, holistic perspective is used in examining three challenges to the educational community today and in positing the idea of a societal organization of education for meeting these challenges. The problems identified--(1) improvement in the quality of education, (2) provision of life-long learning experiences, and (3) improvement in the…

Banathy, Bela H.

67

Space Sciences Education Program of Moscow State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purpose of the space sciences education program developed in Moscow State University is to incorporate modern space research in the university and high education and popularize basics of space physics. The First Russian University Satellite "Universitetskiy-Tatyana" launched on January 20, 2005 formed a basis for development of a new approach to the space-physics education. The onboard scientific complex, as well as the mission control and information-receiving center, was designed and developed in Moscow State University. The scientific program of the mission includes measurements of space radiation in various energy ranges, and UV luminosity and lightening from the Earth. Educational materials are concentrated to upper high school, junior and senior university levels. There was developed a special computerized hands-on exercises based on the experimental quasi-realtime data obtained from "Universitetskiy-Tatyana" satellite and other internet resources. Students specialized in space physics from several Russian universities are involved in scientific work based on various scientific data. Moscow State University is now extending its space science education program by creation the electronic textbooks on remote sensing, space factors and materials study, satellite design and development, etc. "Space schools" for university teachers and students were held in 2004 - 2007. The main objective of these schools was to attract interest to space research. The mutual idea of these schools was to join forces of Moscow State University scientists, university teachers and students. For modern university world, it is very important to understand what skills future space scientists and space industry employees must be equipped with. The space sciences educational activity of Moscow State University is a non-profit project and is open for all interested parties.

Krasotkin, S.; Radchenko, V.; Zhuravlev, V.

2007-12-01

68

Creating Space for Learning: Conceptualizing Women and Higher Education through Space and Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the strengths of giving visibility to the concepts of space and time in research related to women's lives and higher education. It is based on research that explores the everyday practice and experience of women higher education students at a community college in the north of England. It focuses on the ways in which space and…

Moss, Dot

2004-01-01

69

Educational Spaces: A Pictorial Review of Significant Spaces. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pictorial review presents educational facility designs from around the world as examples of contemporary and inspirational trends in school architecture. Photos showcase exterior and interior design features from primary and secondary, and adult educational facilities. Biographies of some of the architectural firms involved are provided. (GR)

1998

70

Space market model development project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the research program, Space Market Model Development Project, (Phase 1) were: (1) to study the need for business information in the commercial development of space; and (2) to propose a design for an information system to meet the identified needs. Three simultaneous research strategies were used in proceeding toward this goal: (1) to describe the space business information which currently exists; (2) to survey government and business representatives on the information they would like to have; and (3) to investigate the feasibility of generating new economical information about the space industry.

Bishop, Peter C.

1987-01-01

71

Modelling space telescope observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Features and the theoretical background for a software package devised for simulating observations which will be made with the Space Telescope (ST) are described. The package was developed to familiarize operators and experimenters with the use, capabilities, limitations and operational alternatives of the ST, which has six instruments and several hundred operational modes. Routines converted from the data analysis system MIDAS were combined with several specialized FORTRAN programs to obtain a package with target generation, optical path and detection capabilities. Simulated images of several typical celestial objects are provided.

Rosa, M.; Baade, D.

1986-09-01

72

Evidence of Second-Order Factor Structure in a Diagnostic Problem Space: Implications for Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chest pain was identified as a specific medical problem space, and disease classes were modeled to define it. Results from a test taken by 628 medical residents indicate a second-order factor structure that suggests that chest pain is a multidimensional problem space. Implications for medical education are discussed. (SLD)

Papa, Frank J.; And Others

1997-01-01

73

Teacher in Space Program - The challenge to education in the space age  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An account is given of the significant events which occurred in the Teacher in Space Program following the Challenger Space Shuttle accident on January 28, 1986. The analysis indicates that the accident has not prevented the continuing effective implementation of the three educational goals of the Teacher in Space Program which are to: (1) raise the prestige of the teaching profession, (2) increase the awareness in the education community of the impact of technology and science on this country's future in preparing students for the future, and (3) use aeronautics and space as a catalyst to enhance all subject areas and grade levels of U.S. education systems.

Brown, R. W.; Morgan, B. R.

1986-01-01

74

A Web Based Approach to Integrate Space Culture and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our intention is to dedicate a large section of our web site to space education. As the national User Support and Operation Center (USOC) for the International Space Station, MARS Center is also willing to provide material, such as videos and data, for educational purposes. In order to base our initiative on authoritative precedents, our first step has been a comparative analysis between different space agency education web sites, such as ESA and NASA. As is well known, Internet is a powerful reality, capable of connecting people all over the world and rendering public a huge amount of information. The first problem, then, is to organize this information, in order to use the web as an efficient education tool. That is why studies such as User Modeling (UM), Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and Semantic Web have become more important in Information Technology and Science. Traditional search engines are unable to provide an optimal retrieval of contents really searched for by users. Semantic Web is a valid alternative: according to its theories, web information should be represented using metadata language. Users should be able and enabled to successfully search, obtain and study new information from web. Forging knowledge in an intelligent manner, preventing users from making errors, and making this formidable quantity of information easily available have also been the starting points for HCI methodologies for defining Adaptable Interfaces. Here the information is divided into different sets, on the basis of the intended user profile, in order to prevent users from getting lost. Realized as an adaptable interface, an education web site can help users to effectively retrieve the information necessary for their scopes (teaching for a teacher and learning for a student). For students it's a great advantage to use interfaces designed on the basis of their age and scholastic level. Indeed, an adaptable interface is intended not just for students, but also for teachers, who can use it to prepare their lessons, retrieve information and organize the didactic material in order to support their lessons. We think it important to use a user centered "psychology" based on UM: we have to know the needs and expectations of the students. Our intent is to use usability tests not just to prove the site effectiveness and clearness, but also to investigate aesthetical preferences of children and young people. Physics, mathematics, chemistry are just some of the difficult learning fields connected with space technologies. Space culture is a potentially never-ending field, and our scope will be to lead students by hand in this universe of knowledge. This paper will present MARS activities in the framework of the above methodologies aimed at implementing a web based approach to integrate space culture and education. The activities are already in progress and some results will be presented in the final paper.

Gerla, F.

2002-01-01

75

Outreach to Space Scientists Interested in K-12 Education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the final report for work on outreach to space scientists interested in k-12 education. It outlines what was accomplished during the two years of support and one year no-cost extension (October 1995-September 1998).

Morrow, Cherilynn A

1998-01-01

76

An Overview of contributions of NASA Space Shuttle to Space Science and Engineering education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an indepth overview of the enormous contrbutions made by the NASA Space Shuttle Program to Space science and engineering education over the past thirty years. The author has served as one of the major contributors and editors of NASA book "Wings In Orbit: Scientific and Engineering Legacies of the Space Shuttle program" (NASA SP-2010-3409). Every Space Shuttle mission was an education mission: student involvement programs such as Get Away Specials housed in Shuttle payload allowed students to propose research and thus enrich their university education experience. School students were able to operate "EarthKAM" to learn the intricacies of orbital mechanics, earth viewing opportunities and were able to master the science and art of proposal writing and scientific collaboration. The purpose of this presentation is to introduce the global student and teaching community in space sciences and engineering to the plethora of educational resources available to them for engaging a wide variety of students (from early school to the undergraduate and graduate level and to inspire them towards careers in Space sciences and technologies. The volume "Wings In Orbit" book is one example of these ready to use in classroom materials. This paper will highlight the educational payloads, experiments and on-orbit classroom activities conducted for space science and engineering students, teachers and non-traditional educators. The presentation will include discussions on the science content and its educational relevance in all major disiciplines in which the research was conducted on-board the Space Shuttle.

Lulla, Kamlesh

2012-07-01

77

Educational Guide to Space and Astronomy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This space and astronomy guide, from the University of Leicester, England, presents information on the Solar System, the nine planets, stars, galaxies (including the Milky Way), nebulae, comets, asteroids, meteorites, the universe, and space missions (such as the International Space Station and interplanetary probes). There is also information on some of the first astronauts and cosmonauts. The International Space Station section covers the objectives of the station, the main research areas, member nations, assembly overview, and first modules.

Barstow, Martin

2007-01-22

78

SPACE II. Single Parent Adults Choosing Education. Vocational Education Resource Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Vocational Education Resource Package (VERP) was developed to provide materials useful in replicating an exemplary vocational education program for special student populations in the California Community Colleges. This VERP describes Bakersfield College's Single Parent Adults Choosing Education (SPACE) II program, (an expansion of the…

Evaluation and Training Inst., Los Angeles, CA.

79

Knowing One's Place: Space, Theory, Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the latter parts of the twentieth century social theory took a spatial turn, one that education has yet to undertake, at least in any concerted way. Nonetheless, this paper aims to demonstrate that there could be, and perhaps is, a more decided turn towards unraveling spatial questions underpinning educational processes and practices. In this…

Gulson, Kalervo N.; Symes, Colin

2007-01-01

80

Outreach Education Modules on Space Sciences in Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ionospheric Radio Science Laboratory (IRSL) at Institute of Space Science, National Central University in Taiwan has been conducting a program for public outreach educations on space science by giving lectures, organizing camps, touring exhibits, and experiencing hand-on experiments to elementary school, high school, and college students as well as general public since 1991. The program began with a topic of traveling/living in space, and was followed by space environment, space mission, and space weather monitoring, etc. and a series of course module and experiment (i.e. experiencing activity) module was carried out. For past decadal, the course modules have been developed to cover the space environment of the Sun, interplanetary space, and geospace, as well as the space technology of the rocket, satellite, space shuttle (plane), space station, living in space, observing the Earth from space, and weather observation. Each course module highlights the current status and latest new finding as well as discusses 1-3 key/core issues/concepts and equip with 2-3 activity/experiment modules to make students more easily to understand the topics/issues. Meanwhile, scientific camps are given to lead students a better understanding and interesting on space science. Currently, a visualized image projecting system, Dagik Earth, is developed to demonstrate the scientific results on a sphere together with the course modules. This system will dramatically improve the educational skill and increase interests of participators.

Lee, I.-Te; Tiger Liu, Jann-Yeng; Chen, Chao-Yen

2013-04-01

81

Evaluating Quality in Educational Spaces: OECD/CELE Pilot Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CELE's International Pilot Project on Evaluating Quality in Educational Spaces aims to assist education authorities, schools and others to maximise the use of and investment in learning environments. This article provides an update on the pilot project, which is currently being implemented in Brazil, Mexico, New Zealand, Portugal and the United…

von Ahlefeld, Hannah

2009-01-01

82

Comparing Power Spaces: The Shaping of Ghana's Education Strategic Plan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares the power spaces occupied by both donors and the Ministry of Education in the formulation of Ghana's Education Strategic Plan (ESP). It shows that the formulation of the ESP was more donor-led than Ministry-led due to the donor-initiated global policy frameworks also referred to as the non-negotiables. Consequently, donors…

Takyi-Amoako, Emefa

2012-01-01

83

Mission Statements, Physical Space, and Strategy in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of higher education institutions has bases in institutional structures and cultures. However, structure and culture represent abstract concepts while institutions realize high performance in practice. Given their salience in higher education, mission statements and campus space bring structure and culture into the realm of…

Fugazzotto, Sam J.

2009-01-01

84

Spaces of Difference: The Contradictions of Alternative Educational Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon the concept of "thirdspace" (Soja 1996), this article extends sociocultural theorizations of space in relation to alternative educational programs: programs designed to re-engage youth who have been pushed out of mainstream schools. Snapshots of educational programs, provided by ethnographic research gathered in the United States,…

Vadeboncoeur, Jennifer A.

2009-01-01

85

Alternative Models for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education is beset from all sides by criticism, fear, doubt, uncertainty, and prophecies of doom. While the young call for change, the faculty often resist anything that might reduce their privileges and prerogatives. Before alternative models to the present system of higher education can be considered, it is useful to question present…

Caffrey, John G.

86

International Space Station: National Laboratory Education Concept Development Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station (ISS) program has brought together 16 spacefaring nations in an effort to build a permanent base for human explorers in low-Earth orbit, the first stop past Earth in humanity's path into space. The ISS is a remarkably capable spacecraft, by significant margins the largest and most complex space vehicle ever built. Planned for completion in 2010, the ISS will provide a home for laboratories equipped with a wide array of resources to develop and test the technologies needed for future generations of space exploration. The resources of the only permanent base in space clearly have the potential to find application in areas beyond the research required to enable future exploration missions. In response to Congressional direction in the 2005 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Authorization Act, NASA has begun to examine the value of these unique capabilities to other national priorities, particularly education. In early 2006, NASA invited education experts from other Federal agencies to participate in a Task Force charged with developing concepts for using the ISS for educational purposes. Senior representatives from the education offices of the Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, and National Science Foundation agreed to take part in the Task Force and have graciously contributed their time and energy to produce a plan that lays out a conceptual framework for potential utilization of the ISS for educational activities sponsored by Federal agencies as well as other future users.

2006-01-01

87

The 'European Space Education Resource Office' (ESERO) project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European space sector is facing a growing problem in human resource scheduling On the one hand interest in scientific and technical studies is declining and on the other hand first indications of an ageing workforce are becoming apparent In order to react to this situation the European Space Agency ESA is currently implementing a new education strategy -- in particular the ESERO project that will be described in the paper Reaching its primary target audience directly i e millions of students or professors teachers is an impossible task for ESA s Education Department In addition the educational systems are very different from one Member State to another Therefore in order to implement with effectiveness its education policy the Agency ideally had to opt for a Member State by Member State approach using intensively the already existing professional networks The objective of the ESERO project is to establish in all ESA Member States ESERO contact points ESA contractor - preferably located at already existing educational facilities manned by an education expert well integrated into the national educational system and networks This should allow the ESA Education Department to support through the ESERO network the specific educational needs of the Member States and as mentioned above to get easy access to the already-existing national networks publishers museums teachers associations etc The ESERO contact point whose primary task is to share the enthusiasm for European space exploration is responsible for the

Marée, H.

88

Space Sciences in the classroom: Educational activities of the European Space Agency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Education is among the basic, mandatory activities of the European Space Agency (ESA) and aims at all educational levels, from primary school to post-graduate. The primary objective of the ESA educational activities is to enhance the literacy of young people in science and technology and to stimulate interest in STEM (Science - Technology - Engineering - Mathematics) studies and careers, using Space as a theme. The activities mostly follow the IBSE paradigm (Inquiry-Based Science Education) and also aim at the Continuous Professional Development (CPD) for teachers. The backbone supporting all educational activities is the enormous expertise of ESA in the various aspects of Space Science and Technology, like Earth Observation, Space Science (including Astronomy & Astrophysics), Human Spaceflight and Space Technology (launchers, navigation, telecommunications etc.). All educational activities, which are coordinated by the ESA Education Office, are designed for specific age groups, strive to keep the educational community informed and to provide inspirational materials for teachers and students. They can be subdivided in categories, like: Hands-on-projects, opportunities for students, support to teachers, international cooperation activities and outreach initiatives. In addition, ESA develops a variety of educational materials to support teachers in the classroom, both in classic form or on-line, through a network of dedicated websites.

Korakitis, R.

2012-01-01

89

Models of Games Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical educators should be selective in deciding what games to include in the games curriculum. Several theoretical frameworks for selecting and teaching games are discussed, and a framework for developing a well-balanced games program is suggested. (IAH)

Werner, Peter; Almond, Len

1990-01-01

90

Sharing stories of resistance: Making space for environmental education through community art in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses an ongoing Master's research project in education aimed at making space for environmental education in school-based settings through community murals with pre-service teachers and graduate students in education. The research uses stories of resistance, a form of action that targets voices and\\/or ideas which are excluded and\\/or marginalized (e.g. environmental education) and shares them, in the context

Ali Solaja

91

Space research scientific and educational project of Moscow State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scientific and educational project of space research was initiated in Lomonosov Moscow State University in order to incorporate modern space research in the university and high education, to popularize basics of space physics, and to enhance public interest in space exploration. On 20 January, 2005 the First Russian University Satellite UNIVERSITETSKIY was launched into circular polar orbit (inclination 83 deg., altitude 940-980 km). The onboard scientific complex TATYANA as well as the mission control and information receiving center, was designed and developed in Moscow State University. The scientific program of the mission include measurements of space radiation in different energy channels, and Earth UV luminosity and lightening. A multimedia lectures "Life of the Earth in the Solar Atmosphere" containing the basic information and demonstrations of the heliophysics (including Sun structure and solar activity, heliosphere and geophysics, solar-terrestrial connections and solar influence on the Earth's life) was created for upper high-school and junior university students. For the upper-university students there was created a dozen of special computerized lab exercises based on the experimental quasi-realtime data obtained from our satellites. Students specialized in space physics from a few Russian universities are involved in scientific work based. Educational program of the project (both the multimedia lectures and lab exercises) is concentrated to upper high school, middle university and special level for space physics students. The space research scientific and educational activity of Moscow State University is a non-profit project and is open for all interested parties.

Krasotkin, S. A.; Mjagkova, I. N.; Panasyuk, M. I.; Radchenko, V. V.; Ryazantseva, M. O.

92

Space architecture education as a part of aerospace engineering curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Education is particularly important for new fields. In the case of space architecture, there are two core needs: educating the aerospace community about the architect's function and activity and design process within the enterprise; educating space architects and associated specialists about constraints, conditions, and priorities unique to human space systems. These needs can be addressed, respectively, by two key educational tools for the 21st century: introducing the space architecture discipline into the space system engineering curricula; developing space architecture as a distinct, complete training curriculum. New generations of professionals with a space architecture background can help shift professional focus from just engineering-driven transportation systems and "sortie" missions to permanent offworld human presence by offering their inherently integrative design approach to all types of space structures and facilities. Although architectural and engineering approaches share some similarities in solving problems, they also have significant differences. Architectural training teaches young professionals to operate at all scales from the "overall picture" down to the smallest details to provide directive intention - not just analysis - to design opportunities, to address the relationship between human behavior and the built environment, and to interact with many diverse fields and disciplines throughout the project lifecycle.

Bannova, Olga; Bell, Larry

2011-12-01

93

Machinic assemblages: women, art education and space  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I explore connections between women, art education and spatial relations drawing on the Deleuzo-Guattarian concept of machinic assemblage as a useful analytical tool for making sense of the heterogeneity and meshwork of life narratives and their social milieus. In focusing on Mary Bradish Titcomb, a fin-de-siècle Bostonian woman who lived and worked in the interface of education

Maria Tamboukou

2008-01-01

94

National Aerospace Technical Education Center (SpaceTEC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SpaceTEC, the National Aerospace Technical Education Center is an Advanced Technology Education (ATE) resource center that aims to be a "focal point for aerospace related technical education resources providing motivation for academic studies and professional development services for faculty, students, and aerospace employees." On this site, visitors will find news and information about upcoming conferences and workshops in the field of aerospace technology. Also, in the "Resources" section, users will find links to a number of other aerospace technology programs and SpaceTEC's own publications, including brochures and an archive of their newsletters. This is an excellent site for students, educators, and technicians working in aerospace technology to gather information about professional development and education opportunities.

2007-08-20

95

Project LASER Volunteer, Marshall Space Flight Center Education Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Through Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Education Department, over 400 MSFC employees have volunteered to support educational program during regular work hours. Project LASER (Learning About Science, Engineering, and Research) provides support for mentor/tutor requests, education tours, classroom presentations, and curriculum development. This program is available to teachers and students living within commuting distance of the NASA/MSFC in Huntsville, Alabama (approximately 50-miles radius). This image depicts students viewing their reflections in an x-ray mirror with Marshall optic engineer Vince Huegele at the Discovery Laboratory, which is an onsite MSFC laboratory facility that provides hands-on educational workshop sessions for teachers and students learning activities.

1999-01-01

96

Inspiring the Next Generation: The International Space Station Education Accomplishments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station (ISS) has a unique ability to capture the imagination of both students and teachers worldwide. Since 2000, the presence of humans onboard ISS has provided a foundation for numerous educational activities aimed at capturing that interest and motivating study in the sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Over 43 million students around the world have participated in ISS-related educational activities. Projects such as YouTube Space Lab, Sally Ride Earth Knowledge-based Acquired by Middle Schools (EarthKAM), SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold Engage and Reorient Experimental Satellites) Zero-Robotics, Tomatosphere, and MAI-75 events among others have allowed for global student, teacher and public access to space through student classroom investigations and real-time audio and video contacts with crewmembers. Educational activities are not limited to STEM but encompass all aspects of the human condition. This is well illustrated in the Uchu Renshi project, a chain poem initiated by an astronaut while in space and continued and completed by people on Earth. With ISS operations now extended to 2024, projects like these and their accompanying educational materials are available to more students around the world. From very early on in the program's history, students have been provided with a unique opportunity to get involved and participate in science and engineering projects. Many of these projects support inquiry-based learning that allows students to ask questions, develop hypothesis-derived experiments, obtain supporting evidence and identify solutions or explanations. This approach to learning is well-published as one of the most effective ways to inspire students to pursue careers in scientific and technology fields. Ever since the first space station element was launched, a wide range of student experiments and educational activities have been performed, both individually and collaboratively, by all the international partner agencies, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Canadian Space Agency (CSA), European Space Agency, (ESA), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos), and a number of non-participating countries, some under commercial agreements. Many of these programs still continue, and others are being developed and added to the stations tasks on a regular basis. These diverse student experiments and programs fall into one of the following categories: student-developed experiments; students performing classroom versions of ISS experiments; students participating in ISS investigator experiments; education competitions; students participating in ISS Engineering Education; Education Demonstrations and Cultural Activities. This paper summarizes some of the main student experiments and educational activities that have been conducted on the space station.

Alleyne, Camille W.; Hasbrook, Pete; Knowles, Carolyn; Chicoine, Ruth Ann; Miyagawa, Yayoi; Koyama, Masato; Savage, Nigel; Zell, Martin; Biryukova, Nataliya; Pinchuk, Vladimir; Odelevsky, Vladimir; Firsyuk, Sergey; Alifanov, Oleg

2014-01-01

97

A Space Physicist's Adventure in K-5 Space Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A UCLA partnership with El Marino Language Elementary School in Culver City CA has provided the opportunity to work with primary grade teachers and students. Our activities have been based around NASA OSS's Sun-Earth Day and Space Day. This year's project is centered around Lockheed-Martin's Student Signatures in Space program and includes a 2-hour after-school Professional Development Workshop for K-5 teachers, solar viewing, and an in class "fun with magnets" activity. The presentation will include a discussion of what NASA K-3 activities have been used and the motivation of the author to form a University-Elementary School partnership.

Moldwin, M. B.

2002-12-01

98

National Space Biomedical Research Institute Education and Public Outreach Program: Education for the next generation of space explorers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) Education and Public Outreach Program (EPOP) is supporting the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) new vision for space exploration by educating and inspiring the next generation of students through a seamless pipeline of kindergarten through postdoctoral education programs. NSBRI EPOP initiatives are designed to train scientists and to communicate the significance of NSBRI science, as well as other space exploration science, to schools, families and lay audiences. The NSBRI EPOP team is comprised of eight main partners: Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), Binghamton University-State University of New York (BUSUNY), Colorado Consortium for Earth and Space Science Education (CCESSE), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM), Mount Sinai School of Medicine (MSSM), Rice University and the University of Texas Medical Branch (RU-UTMB), and Texas A&M University (TAMU). The current kindergarten through undergraduate college (K-16) team, which was funded through an open national competition in 2004, consolidates the past 7 years of K-16 education activities and expands the team's outreach activities to more museums and science centers across the nation. NSBRI also recently expanded its education mission to include doctoral and postdoctoral level programs. This paper describes select K-16 EPOP activities and products developed over the past 7 years, and reports on new activities planned for the next 3 years. The paper also describes plans for a doctoral program and reports on 1st-year outcomes of the new postdoctoral program.

MacLeish, Marlene Y.; Thomson, William A.; Moreno, Nancy; Gannon, Patrick J.; Smith, Roland B.; Houston, Clifford W.; Coulter, Gary; Vogt, Gregory L.

2007-02-01

99

Education and Outreach on Space Sciences and Technologies in Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ionospheric Radio Science Laboratory (IRSL) at Institute of Space Science, National Central University in Taiwan has been conducting a program for public outreach educations on space science by giving lectures, organizing camps, touring exhibits, and experiencing hand-on experiments to elementary school, high school, and college students as well as general public since 1991. The program began with a topic of traveling/living in space, and was followed by space environment, space mission, and space weather monitoring, etc. and a series of course module and experiment (i.e. experiencing activity) module was carried out. For past decadal, the course modules have been developed to cover the space environment of the Sun, interplanetary space, and geospace, as well as the space technology of the rocket, satellite, space shuttle (plane), space station, living in space, observing the Earth from space, and weather observation. Each course module highlights the current status and latest new finding as well as discusses 1-3 key/core issues/concepts and equip with 2-3 activity/experiment modules to make students more easily to understand the topics/issues. Regarding the space technologies, we focus on remote sensing of Earth's surface by FORMOSAT-2 and occultation sounding by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC of Taiwan space mission. Moreover, scientific camps are given to lead students a better understanding and interesting on space sciences/ technologies. Currently, a visualized image projecting system, Dagik Earth, is developed to demonstrate the scientific results on a sphere together with the course modules. This system will dramatically improve the educational skill and increase interests of participators.

Tiger Liu, Jann-Yeng; Chen, hao-Yen; Lee, I.-Te

2014-05-01

100

Teaching - orientation analysis in Space Science Education: The case of the Earth's Gravity Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on basic teaching-orientation questions concerning the use of secondary products of informatics in space science education. These questions can be classified as relevant to: (a) the educational model, (b) the educational approach, (c) the determination of additional teaching material according to student needs. The relevant analysis is followed by the example of an introductory course on the Earth's gravity field, a topic touching upon many different areas within Earth and Space sciences. The course is designed with a view to enhancing the cognitive skills of individuals studying in either a formal or an informal educational setting. A Java applet, specifically created to illustrate the energy level change between surfaces of equal potential on and around the Earth, provides the core upon which one may gradually build all the topics within this wide field of study, according to the needs of the educator and the specialisation of the course.

Massinas, B. A.; Doufexopoulou, M.

101

Capitol College Center for Space Science EPO: Providing STEM Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To assist in educating future leaders in the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) career fields through utilizing space science and astronomy, in order to strengthen the nation's future workforce, Capitol College is establishing the Center for Space Science Education and Public Outreach. This presentation shares information on how the Center provides hands-on educational and workforce development experiences for K-12, community college and college students, and those who support them, in achieving leadership careers in STEM fields. The Center's programs are intended to 1) increase student awareness of career fields that require a college education, 2) provide information on the necessary academic preparation related to STEM courses in high school, 3) provide information on the college admission process, and 4) initiate interest in careers within the STEM fields.

Gibbs, M. G.; Walters, A.

2010-08-01

102

International Space Education Outreach: Taking Exploration to the Global Classroom  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the development of the International Space Station and the need for international collaboration for returning to the moon and developing a mission to Mars, NASA has embarked on developing international educational programs related to space exploration. In addition, with the explosion of educational technology, linking students on a global basis is more easily accomplished. This technology is bringing national and international issues into the classroom, including global environmental issues, the global marketplace, and global collaboration in space. We present the successes and lessons learned concerning international educational and public outreach programs that we have been involved in for NASA as well as the importance of sustaining these international peer collaborative programs for the future generations. These programs will undoubtedly be critical in enhancing the classroom environment and will affect the achievements in and attitudes towards science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

Dreschel, T. W.; Lichtenberger, L. A.; Chetirkin, P. V.; Garner, L. C.; Barfus, J. R.; Nazarenko, V. I.

2005-01-01

103

Space Technology: Propulsion, Control and Guidance of Space Vehicles. Aerospace Education III. Instructional Unit II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is prepared for the Aerospace Education III series publication entitled "Space Technology: Propulsion, Control and Guidance of Space Vehicles." It provides guidelines for each chapter. The guide includes objectives, behavioral objectives, suggested outline, orientation, suggested key points, suggestions for teaching,…

Air Univ., Maxwell AFB, AL. Junior Reserve Office Training Corps.

104

Urban Technology, Conflict Education, and Disputed Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines an urban project in Medellin, Colombia's second city, that sought to form social life by forming space: the city's metropolitan railway (Metro), which started operations at the end of 1995 and became the impetus of the inner city's renewal during the 1990s. The article begins with some background information on Medellin's…

Stienen, Angela

2009-01-01

105

Get Away Special (GAS): Educational applications of space flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Small Self-Contained Payloads (SCCP) program, commonly known as the Get Away Special (GAS) is discussed. The program allows a person to place a small self-contained experimental payload on the Space Shuttle at a very low cost. The payloads must be of peaceful intent and an engineering and/or science endeavor. The prime objective of the GAS program is to foster enthusiasm in the younger generation in the use of space. The paper presents the history of the program, its interaction with the educational/industrial relationship, some educational objectives, and predictions for the future.

Gerondakis, George G.

1989-01-01

106

[Nursing education with no distance: a space and time rupture].  

PubMed

This article presents pedagogical assumptions and some distance educational policies. It also presents considerations about educational technologies, and describes the experience of using the Internet in the nursing education undergraduate courses. It was offered a course via Internet, in the WebCT environment. The subject theme was Intravenous Therapy. Initially 49 students enrolled in the course, among these, 25 completed 50% of the course activities. Internet can stimulate and facilitate the nursing student digital inclusion. Thus, Internet can be seen as a useful auxiliary tool that allows a space and time flexibility, where these factors are determined according to learner's interests and availability. PMID:15689005

Dias, Denise Costa; Cassiani, Silvia Helena De Bortoli

2004-12-01

107

Space Plasma Science as a Motivator for Education & Outreach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Education and public outreach (EPO) continue to play an important role in how science is funded by the federal government. The plasma science community has a responsibility to share their exciting science with the American public. Bruce Alberts, president of the National Academy of Sciences, and Neal Lane, former head of NSF, are on record as strong advocates of scientists becoming more actively and effectively engaged in K-12 science education reform. In addition, research directorates of funding agencies like NASA and NSF are increasingly encouraging (and in some cases requiring) the integration of science and education and greater scientist involvement in EPO. How does plasma science and scientists fit into this broader political and social landscape? How well does the public understand our science and technology? Are there ways to effectively engage the public that provide good visibility for plasma science? These questions and more will be addressed in this talk. The Space Science Institute (SSI), a nonprofit organization in Colorado, provides national leadership in developing innovative ways to translate the activities and resources of space and earth science research into exciting and effective K-12 and museum education programs. SSI’s mission is to link its space science research enterprise with its education programs. SSI has active programs in curriculum and exhibit development and professional development for both scientists about education and for educators about science. I will share with you one exhibit project and one curriculum project whose goals are to raise public understanding of space plasmas and by extension all of plasma science.

Dusenbery, Paul

1999-11-01

108

Applying the Sport Education Model to Tennis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The physical education field abounds with theoretically sound curricular approaches such as fitness education, skill theme approach, tactical approach, and sport education. In an era that emphasizes authentic sport experiences, the Sport Education Model includes unique features that sets it apart from other curricular models and can be a valuable…

Ayvazo, Shiri

2009-01-01

109

Clinical and Educational Support for Space Flight via Telemedicine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Session MP3 includes short reports on: (1) Telemedicine: A User's Perspective; (2) Health Care in Extreme Environments; (3) Integration of Emerging Technologies in Information and Telecommunications in Health Care Systems for Space; (4) Telemedicine and Environmental Medicine in Russia: A First Step in Basic Medical Education; and (5) Clinical Utility of Internet Telemedicine.

1997-01-01

110

Earth Space Science Education College of Science code-BS  

E-print Network

Earth Space Science Education College of Science code-BS Code-ESSE 126+ Credits "C-"or better) EAPS 10900^ Dynamic Earth (fall) ( also satisfies Science Selective for core) (3) EAPS 11800^ Introduction to Earth Science (spring) (1) EAPS 13700^ First Year Seminar in EAPS (spring) (4) EAPS 24300

Kihara, Daisuke

111

Earth Space Science Education College of Science code-BS  

E-print Network

Earth Space Science Education College of Science code-BS Code-ESSE 123+ Credits "C-"or better) EAPS 10900^ Dynamic Earth (fall) ( also satisfies Science Selective for core) (3) EAPS 11800^ Introduction to Earth Science (spring) (1) EAPS 13700^ First Year Seminar in EAPS (spring) (4) EAPS 24300

Kihara, Daisuke

112

Space Orientation for Professional Educators: Program Evaluation and Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This evaluation of mini-conferences conducted for Alabama teachers who completed training in the 1996 Summer Space Orientation for Professional Educators (SOPE) examines the effectiveness of follow-up sessions for teachers (N=69) and provides baseline data on teachers' knowledge of and attitudes toward teaching science. Conclusions about the 1996…

Harwell, Sharon H.

113

Predictive Modeling in Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current economic crisis, a growing workforce, the increasing lifespan of workers, and demanding, complex jobs have made organizations highly selective in employee recruitment and retention. It is therefore important, to the adult educator, to develop models of learning that better prepare adult learners for the workplace. The purpose of…

Lindner, Charles L.

2011-01-01

114

New Models for American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contents of this book include: (1) "New Models: The Need for School Reform," James W. Guthrie--a survey of some of the past successes of our educational system, an attempt to assess present public opinion about it, and an analysis of some possible explanations for its apparent inability to perform satisfactory; (2) "National Assessment: A History…

Guthrie, James W.; Wynne, Edward

115

Educational Value and Models-Based Practice in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A models-based approach has been advocated as a means of overcoming the serious limitations of the traditional approach to physical education. One of the difficulties with this approach is that physical educators have sought to use it to achieve diverse and sometimes competing educational benefits, and these wide-ranging aspirations are rarely if…

Kirk, David

2013-01-01

116

Space Grant and Astronomy Education: The State of Washington's Story  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This poster summarizes projects that I have been involved in which utilize NASA Space Grant resources to improve K-12 and undergraduate education at institutions in the State of Washington. Examples I will use include the development of preservice courses for K-12 teachers, inservice workshops for K-12 teachers, minigrants for teachers, support of teacher/scientist partnerships, dissemination of NASA and other resources (curriculum, videos, etc.) to teachers, and support for undergraduate research projects, mentoring and scholarships. I will show how these projects contribute to achieving Washington state and national science standards. Space Grant funding exists in every state and can potentially be accessed by astronomers to carry out education projects that are appropriate to their institution and area of interest. Information will be provided on how to contact Space Grant offices in each state.

Lutz, J.

2000-12-01

117

Modeling volatility using state space models.  

PubMed

In time series problems, noise can be divided into two categories: dynamic noise which drives the process, and observational noise which is added in the measurement process, but does not influence future values of the system. In this framework, we show that empirical volatilities (the squared relative returns of prices) exhibit a significant amount of observational noise. To model and predict their time evolution adequately, we estimate state space models that explicitly include observational noise. We obtain relaxation times for shocks in the logarithm of volatility ranging from three weeks (for foreign exchange) to three to five months (for stock indices). In most cases, a two-dimensional hidden state is required to yield residuals that are consistent with white noise. We compare these results with ordinary autoregressive models (without a hidden state) and find that autoregressive models underestimate the relaxation times by about two orders of magnitude since they do not distinguish between observational and dynamic noise. This new interpretation of the dynamics of volatility in terms of relaxators in a state space model carries over to stochastic volatility models and to GARCH models, and is useful for several problems in finance, including risk management and the pricing of derivative securities. Data sets used: Olsen & Associates high frequency DEM/USD foreign exchange rates (8 years). Nikkei 225 index (40 years). Dow Jones Industrial Average (25 years). PMID:9730016

Timmer, J; Weigend, A S

1997-08-01

118

Space science education for postgraduate students in Minoufiyia University, Egypt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1986 the author with his colleagues in the Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Minoufiyia University, Minoufiyia, Egypt created a new branch in the physics department, to award the M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree in Atmospheric physics. Courses in solar, solar-terrestrial, and atmospheric physics were necessary for M.Sc. and Ph.D. students, because they not studded it before in the undergraduate level. Till now, seven students obtained on M.Sc. degree, and two students obtained on Ph.D. from the Physics Department of Minoufiya University in Solar, Solar-Terrestrial, and Space Physics, and there are one Ph.D and two M.Sc. under the awarding. This current extend to other six Egyptian Universities (Cairo, Ain Shams, Helwan, Alexandria, Mansoura, and Minua), where five students obtained on Ph.D degree, and thirteen students obtained on M.Sc. in Solar, Solar-terrestrial, and Space Physics from the six universities under the supervision of the author. In April 2002 the author succeeded to obtain on the agreement of the Minoufiyia University Council by construction Space Research Center, as a first center for space research in the Egyptian Universities (20 Universities), as a part from the Desert Environment Research Institute for temporal time, then after the growth, it will be independent center. Beside the research work in space science and technology, the center have the validity to award Diploma, M.Sc and Ph.D. in space science for postgraduate students. There are different courses in space science and technology for each level of the three degrees. According to the program of the European Mediterranean Countries (TEMPS III) for developing the higher education level, the center constructed a project for developing space science and technology education in the center in collaboration with European Universities and Space Research Centers. This paper explain in detail the experience in Space Science Education in Minoufiya University, and how expand it to the other universities in Egypt.

Mosalam Shaltout, M. A.

119

Utilization of the International Space Station for education and popularization of space research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing aerospace industry with highly qualified workforce is an international problem. There are multiple science and educational programs which are currently being developed aimed at training specialists capable of solving tasks related to the development, creation, testing and utilization of complicated technical systems. Some portion of these programs is being conducted with the support of national space agencies.

Mayorova, V. I.; Samburov, S. N.; Zhdanovich, O. V.; Strashinsky, V. A.

2014-05-01

120

Space Technology: Propulsion, Control and Guidance of Space Vehicles. Aerospace Education III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, one in the series on Aerospace Education III, includes a discussion of the essentials of propulsion, control, and guidance and the conditions of space travel. Chapter 1 provides a brief account of basic laws of celestial mechanics. Chapters 2, 3, and 4 are devoted to the chemical principles of propulsion. Included are the basics of…

Savler, D. S.; Mackin, T. E.

121

Educational Applications of Astronomy & Space Flight Operations at the Kennedy Space Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within two years, the Kennedy Space Center will complete a total redesign of NASA's busiest Visitor's Center. Three million visitors per year will be witness to a new program focused on expanding the interests of the younger public in NASA's major space programs, in space operations, and in astronomy. This project, being developed through the Visitor's Center director, a NASA faculty fellow, and the Visitor's Center contractor, is centered on the interaction between NASA programs, the visiting youth, and their parents. The goal of the Center's program is to provide an appealing learning experience for teens and pre teens using stimulating displays and interactive exhibits that are also educational.

Erickson, L. K.

1999-09-01

122

Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System: Education portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System promotes quantitative Earth Science education with models through its educational portal, which has collections of models and animations illustrating Earth surface processes, lab exercises using Earth systems modeling, lectures on Earth surface modeling, images of the Earth's surface, and more.

System, Community S.

123

Marketing Education on a Shoestring: A Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few educators envision themselves as marketing or public relations experts, yet economic reality is forcing many academicians into these roles. Over the past four years, the Eastern Washington University Department of Education has developed a successful marketing model for educators. The model begins with a successful reform of department…

Shreeve, William; And Others

124

Educational Planning Model; Manual. Phase I. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is a major revision of an administrator's manual concerning educational goals and objectives (ED 073 530). No major changes have been made in the original concept. The educational planning model is a long-range planning model involving community members, professional staff, and students in formulating educational goals. Phase 1…

Bugher, Wilmer K., Ed.; Tippy, Carol E., Ed.

125

OUTLINE OF AN URBAN EDUCATIONAL MODEL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS TECHNICAL NOTE IS A NONTECHNICAL DISCUSSION OF THE URBAN EDUCATION MODEL, AN ANALYTIC, SYMOBLIC MODEL TO BE USED IN PLANNING THE LOCATION AND ENROLLMENT SIZE OF URBAN SCHOOLS. AMONG THE EDUCATIONAL ALTERNATIVES THAT MAY BE CONSIDERED BY THE METHODOLOGY PRESENTED ARE THE "GREAT HIGH SCHOOLS" AND THE "EDUCATIONAL PARKS." THE CENTRAL ORIENTATION…

LYLE, JEROLYN R.; O'BRIEN, RICHARD J.

126

Advanced Space Shuttle simulation model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The effects of atmospheric turbulence in horizontal and near-horizontal flight during the return of the Space Shuttle are important for determining design, control, and pilot-in-the-loop effects. A nonrecursive model (based on vonKarman spectra) for atmospheric turbulence along the flight path of the Shuttle Orbiter has been developed which provides for simulation of instantaneous vertical and horizontal gusts at the vehicle center-of-gravity and also for simulation of instantaneous gust gradients. Based on this model the time series for gusts and gust gradients have been generated and stored on a series of magnetic tapes which are entitled Shuttle Simulation Turbulence Tapes (SSTT). The time series are designed to represent atmospheric turbulence from ground level to an altitude of 120,000 meters. A description of the turbulence generation procedure is provided, the results of validating the simulated turbulence are described, and conclusions and recommendations are presented. Appendices provide tabulated one-dimensional vonKarman spectra, a discussion of the minimum frequency simulated, and the results of spectral and statistical analyses of the SSTT.

Tatom, F. B.; Smith, S. R.

1982-01-01

127

Community Cosmos -- A Park-based Educator Enrichment Program in the Earth and Space Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will describe a community-wide educator enrichment program in the Earth and Space Sciences that is being developed at Halibut Point State Park in Rockport, MA. Through wide-ranging partnerships, we will provide two on-site hands-on workshops in Earth and Space Science that will serve the interests of school teachers, scout leaders, park interpreters, amateur astronomers, and other community educators. Each 3-day workshop will address the 3 broad topics of (1) living on Earth, (2) the Earth in space, and (3) the origins of the Earth, Solar System, Milky Way, and Universe. Natural resources at Halibut Point State Park will be used to enrich each of these topics. Astrobiology will be the topical "glue" that binds all 3 topics. Research of the PI will be featured through personal presentations on starbirth and starburst activity in galaxies. A wide selection of NASA education materials will be showcased -- including those developed for Project ASTRO, Family ASTRO, Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS), EarthKam, the Night Sky Network, and the Spitzer E/PO Program. These workshops will serve as models for similar programs in Earth and Space Science Education at state and national parks throughout the United States.

Waller, W. H.

2005-05-01

128

Transitioning Models and Model Output to Space Weather Operations: Challenges and Opportunities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The transition of space weather models or of information derived from space weather models to space weather forecasting is the last step of the chain from model development to model deployment in forecasting operations. As such, it is an extremely important element of the quest to increase our national capability to forecast and mitigate space weather hazards. It involves establishing customer requirements, and analyses of available models, which are, in principle, capable of delivering the required product. Models will have to be verified and validated prior to a selection of the best performing model. Further considerations include operational hardware, and the availability of data streams to drive the model. The final steps include the education of forecasters, and the implementation on gateway hardware prior to operational use. This presentation will provide a discussion of opportunities for rapid progress from the viewpoint of the Community Coordinated Modeling Center.

Hesse, Michael; Berrios, David; Chulaki, Anna; Kuznetsova, Maria M.; MacNeice, Peter J.; Maddox, Mario; Rastaetter, Lutz; Taktakishvili, Aleksandre

2009-01-01

129

Innovative Space Sciences Education Programs for Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the world is greatly depends on space. Through space sciences education programs with the main focus is on young people, the society, as a whole will gain in the years to come. The Weizmann Institute of Science is the leading scientific research center in Israel. After the need for science education programs for young students was recognized, the institute established its Youth Activities Section, which serves as the institute's outreach for the general population of school children nation-wide. The youth activities section holds courses, seminars, science camps etc. for almost 40 years. As an instructor in the youth activities section since 1990, my focus is space sciences programs, such as rocketry courses, planetarium demonstrations, astronomical observations and special events - all in the creed of bringing the space science to everyone, in a enjoyable, innovative and creative way. Two of the courses conducted combines' scientific knowledge, hands-on experience and a glimpse into the work of space programs: the rocketry courses offered a unique chance of design, build and fly actual rockets, to height of about 800 meters. The students conduct research on the rockets, such as aerial photography, environmental measurements and aerodynamic research - using student built wind tunnel. The space engineering course extend the high frontier of the students into space: the objective of a two year course is to design, build an launch an experiments package to space, using one of NASA's GAS programs. These courses, combined with special guest lectures by Weizmann institute's senior researchers, tours to facilities like satellite control center, clean rooms, the aeronautical industry, give the students a chance to meet with "the real world" of space sciences applications and industry, and this - in turn - will have payback effect on the society as a whole in years to come. The activities of space sciences education include two portable planetariums, 4 telescopes and special "mobile science" project, which travel to hundreds of school annually, and bring to them mini exhibitions, scientific activities and lectures. Special events are held when something unique happened: in the last years we have had the Galileo special event when the spacecraft arrived at Jupiter; SL-9 event; Mars Pathfinder special event; Mir re- entry event - to name a few. For 11 years, on July 20 we have the Apollo memorial lecture, and a meteors observation night on August 11. The 12 years of experience I have in teaching space sciences subjects to k-12 students, university students and adults, combines with three years as a director of interactive science museum, allowed me to implement my vision of promoting the general knowledge about space and to move a little more in the direction of creating a space oriented, open and globally interacted society in Israel.

Inbar, T.

2002-01-01

130

Innovating Education with an Educational Modeling Language: Two Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of this study was to investigate how to maximize the chances of success of an educational innovation--specifically one based on the implementation of the educational modeling language called EML. This language is both technically and organizationally demanding. Two different implementation cases were investigated, one situated in an…

Sloep, Peter B.; van Bruggen, Jan; Tattersall, Colin; Vogten, Hubert; Koper, Rob; Brouns, Francis; van Rosmalen, Peter

2006-01-01

131

Developing a STEM Education Pipeline Using Astronomy and Space Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Capitol College Center for Space Science Education and Public Outreach is in its second year of operation working to address the clearly articulated national need of providing an educated workforce in the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields. Working with the K-12, community college and college students, the Center is actively engaged in providing learning opportunities for future leaders in STEM. This goal is accomplished through the following methods: 1. Increase student awareness of selected astronomy/space science career fields that require a college education, including necessary academic preparation related to STEM courses in high school. 2. Increase the number of community college students, specifically within the traditionally under-represented populations, advance to the bachelor's level degree within the STEM fields and then secure jobs within the field. 3. Increase STEM participation/majors in general (both in community colleges and four-year colleges), and especially NASA-related disciplines. This presentation provides an update regarding the Center's activities, reports on the year-one results working with middle schools and high schools in the state of Maryland and the Prince George's Community College, and highlights plans for the future.

Gibbs, Michael

2011-01-01

132

M-Brane Models and Loop Spaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I review an extension of the ADHMN construction of monopoles to M-brane models. This extended construction gives a map from solutions to the Basu-Harvey equation to solutions to the self-dual string equation transgressed to loop space. Loop spaces appear in fact quite naturally in M-brane models. This is demonstrated by translating a recently proposed M5-brane model to loop space. Finally, I comment on some recent developments related to the loop space approach to M-brane models.

Sämann, Christian

2012-06-01

133

Models for multimegawatt space power systems  

SciTech Connect

This report describes models for multimegawatt, space power systems which Sandia's Advanced Power Systems Division has constructed to help evaluate space power systems for SDI's Space Power Office. Five system models and models for associated components are presented for both open (power system waste products are exhausted into space) and closed (no waste products) systems: open, burst mode, hydrogen cooled nuclear reactor -- turboalternator system; open, hydrogen-oxygen combustion turboalternator system; closed, nuclear reactor powered Brayton cycle system; closed, liquid metal Rankine cycle system; and closed, in-core, reactor therminonic system. The models estimate performance and mass for the components in each of these systems. 17 refs., 8 figs., 15 tabs.

Edenburn, M.W.

1990-06-01

134

Applying Reliability Models to the Space Shuttle  

E-print Network

Applying Reliability Models to the Space Shuttle Norman F. Schneidewind Ted W. Keller #12;What software Reliability. · Assess software Reliability. This functions let an organization determine. · The US Space Shuttle is a case study on how a real project team did that. #12;The US Space Shuttle

Feitelson, Dror

135

Space Weather Sonification for scientists, educators, and musicians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) Mission will be launched in 2006 in order to understand the origin and consequences of Coronal Mass Ejections (CME's). Two spacecrafts will orbit the Sun with instruments imaging the Sun and instruments measuring in-situ particle and fields. In preparation for the data gathered by the STEREO instruments, we have developed software to convert this space weather data into sound, a process known as sonification. We will show how this sonification project has been adapted to serve not only educators and the public wanting to hear data gathered from space, but also to serve the needs of scientists and musicians. Three separate software programs have been created in the Max/MSP programming language to map bins of data to musical sounds. This mapping varies from converting data to simple frequencies to converting the data to complicated filtered musical resonances. One program is designed for use in the classroom as well as for use as a tutorial for those new to sonification. A second program is designed for use by scientists who want to study data from the two STEREO spacecraft. And a third program is designed for use by musicians to use space weather data as an input to musical compositions. This project is part of the Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) component of the STEREO In-situ Measurements of Particles and CME Transients (IMPACT) suite of seven instruments with additional support from the STEREO/WAVES instrument suite.

Peticolas, L. M.; Morales Manzanares, R.; Bithell, D.; Craig, N.; Luhmann, J. G.; Bale, S.

2005-05-01

136

Preliminary Cost Model for Space Telescopes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parametric cost models are routinely used to plan missions, compare concepts and justify technology investments. However, great care is required. Some space telescope cost models, such as those based only on mass, lack sufficient detail to support such analysis and may lead to inaccurate conclusions. Similarly, using ground based telescope models which include the dome cost will also lead to inaccurate conclusions. This paper reviews current and historical models. Then, based on data from 22 different NASA space telescopes, this paper tests those models and presents preliminary analysis of single and multi-variable space telescope cost models.

Stahl, H. Philip; Prince, F. Andrew; Smart, Christian; Stephens, Kyle; Henrichs, Todd

2009-01-01

137

Colorado Model Content Standards for Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents three model content standards for physical education in the state of Colorado, noting that there must be developmentally appropriate physical education programs for all students, from the physically gifted to the physically challenged. Physical education provides opportunities for students to participate in activities that…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

138

Earth and Space Science: Making Connections in Education and Public Outreach ASP Conference Series, Vol. 443  

E-print Network

Earth and Space Science: Making Connections in Education and Public Outreach ASP Conference Series and Earth Sciences (ROSES) Supplemental Education grant. Our collaborators include science and education 1Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, California 94720, USA 2

Fillingim, Matthew

139

Educational software for the visualization of space plasma processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The UCLA Space Physics Group has developed educational software composed of a series of modules to assist students with understanding basic concepts of space plasmas and charged particle motion. Present modules cover planetary magnetospheres, charged particle motion, cold plasma waves, collisionless shock waves, and solar wind. The software is designed around the principle that students can learn more by doing rather than by reading or listening. The programs provide a laboratory-like environment in which the student can control, observe, and measure complex behavior. The interactive graphics environment allows the student to visualize the results of his or her experimentation and to try different parameters as desired. The current version of the software runs on UNIX-based operating systems in an X-Windows environment. It has been used in a classroom setting at both UCLA and the University of California at San Diego.

Russell, C. T.; Le, G.; Luhmann, J. G.; Littlefield, B.

1995-01-01

140

Near-Earth Space Radiation Models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Review of models of the near-Earth space radiation environment is presented, including recent developments in trapped proton and electron, galactic cosmic ray and solar particle event models geared toward spacecraft electronics applications.

Xapsos, Michael A.; O'Neill, Patrick M.; O'Brien, T. Paul

2012-01-01

141

Applying Reliability Models to the Space Shuttle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experience of a team that evaluated many reliability models and tried to validate them for the on-board system software of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) space shuttle is presented. It is shown that three separate but related functions comprise an integrated reliability program: prediction, control, and assessment. The application of the reliability model and the allocation of

Norman F. Schneidewind; Ted W. Keller

1992-01-01

142

On asymptotic models in Banach spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

A well known application of Ramsey's Theorem to Banach Space Theory is the notion of a spreading model (e'_i) of a normalized basic sequence (x_i) in a Banach space X. We show how to generalize the construction to define a new creature (e_i), which we call an asymptotic model of X. Every spreading model of X is an asymptotic model

Lorenz Halbeisen; Edward Odell

2001-01-01

143

Suspended in Liminal Space: Special Education Administrators and the Decade of Educational Reform within the NYC School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highly politicized educational reforms in New York City have seen special education become marginalized as a casualty of the accountability movement. There is a liminal space between "old" and "new" ways where special education administrators find themselves as they consider their roles and responsibilities in continuing to press for opportunities…

Connor, David J.

2012-01-01

144

Educational Planning for Utilization of Space Shuttle (ED-PLUSS). Final Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Possible educational uses of the proposed space-shuttle program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration are outlined. Potential users of information developed by the project are identified and their characteristics analyzed. Other space-education programs operated by NASA are detailed. Proposals for a methodology for expanding…

Engle, Harry A.; Christensen, David L.

145

[Pharmacological education under the Medical Education Model Core Curriculum].  

PubMed

The objectives of undergraduate medical education have been shifted drastically during the last decades. As the world standard, basic medical knowledge, skill, and attitude to practice patient-centered medical care became main objectives in undergraduate medical education. In response to these changes in the environment of medical practice and education, the Medical Education Model Core Curriculum (MEMCC), was published in 2001. MEMCC describes general and specific behavioral objectives in an integrated form to be used in the practice of medicine. The achievement of MEMCC will be evaluated by the Nationwide Common Achievement Test. The test examines knowledge, skill, and attitude that is required for clinical clerkship. Pharmacological teachers in medical schools should discuss, study, and evaluate MEMCC based on their experience in the use of the curriculum. MEMCC and the Nationwide Common Achievement Test will enhance intra- and inter-disciplinary, as well as inter-institutional informational exchange in the context and strategies in pharmacological education. PMID:14569159

Yoshioka, Toshimasa

2003-11-01

146

The General Education Collaboration Model: A Model for Successful Mainstreaming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The General Education Collaboration Model is designed to support general educators teaching mainstreamed disabled students, through collaboration with special educators. The model is based on flexible departmentalization, program ownership, identification and development of supportive attitudes, student assessment as a measure of program…

Simpson, Richard L.; Myles, Brenda Smith

1990-01-01

147

A Mathematical Model for an Educational System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document contents divide into (1) the basic flow model of an educational system and its application to the secondary school system of Ontario and (2) a group of interrelated submodels that describe the entrance to higher education in considerably finer detail. In the first section, the principal variable of the model--the transition…

McReynolds, William Peter

148

Ocean Surface Topography from Space: Educational Resources (title provided or enhanced by cataloger)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides access to a variety of educational resources from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) ocean surface topography program based on the missions of the TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason satellites. Materials include a kids' section with games, puzzles, and facts; educational entertainment; online resources for educators; information about useful books; and links to lesson plans and classroom activities. There is also a section on radar altimetry and its use in studying ocean topography, and a set of links to interactive exhibits demonstrating TOPEX/Poseidon technology. The class activities section includes hands-on demonstrations, skits, and an activity in which older students make models of the sea surface to match TOPEX/Poseidon satellite images of sea-surface height. There is also information on obtaining posters, brochures, CDs and slides, and a collection of links to additional resources and to frequently-asked-questions.

149

Emulating a flexible space structure: Modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Control Dynamics, in conjunction with Marshall Space Flight Center, has participated in the modeling and testing of Flexible Space Structures. Through the series of configurations tested and the many techniques used for collecting, analyzing, and modeling the data, many valuable insights have been gained and important lessons learned. This paper discusses the background of the Large Space Structure program, Control Dynamics' involvement in testing and modeling of the configurations (especially the Active Control Technique Evaluation for Spacecraft (ACES) configuration), the results from these two processes, and insights gained from this work.

Waites, H. B.; Rice, S. C.; Jones, V. L.

1988-01-01

150

The organizations for space education and outreach programs in the Republic of Korea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Korea has a short history in space development compared to neighboring countries like Japan, China, India and Russia. During the past 20 years, Korea has focused on developing satellite and rocket space technology under the national space development plan. KOMPSAT-1 and 2, and KSLV-1 are the results of the selection and concentration policy of the Korean government. Due to the arduous mission of developing hardware oriented space technology, the topic of space education and outreach for the general public has not received much in the national space program. But recently, the Korean government has begun planning a space science outreach program in the detailed action plan of the mid-long term national space development plan. This paper introduces and analyzes the organizations performing space education and outreach programs for primary and secondary schools in the Republic of Korea. "Young Astronaut Korea (YAK)" is one such program. This is a non-profit organization established to provide space education for students in 1989 when Korea just started its space development program. "YAK" is a unique group in Korea for space education and outreach activities because it is organized by branches at each school in the nation and it is much like the Boy Scout and Girl Scout programs. Space Science Museum and National Youth Space Center (NYSC), which are located near NARO space center in the southernmost part of the Korean peninsula are other examples of space education and outreach programs. NARO space center, which is the only launch site in Korea became the center of public interest by showing the KSLV-1 launch in 2009 and will be expected to play a key role for the space education of students in the Republic of Korea. The NYSC will perform many mission oriented space education programs for students as Space Camp in the USA does. This paper introduces the status of the space education and outreach programs of each organization and presents the future direction of space education and outreach for the Korean public and students. If these three organizations cooperate with each other and develop systematic programs of space education and outreach for the people, they will prepare a base for growth and progress in future space science and technology in Korea.

Lee, Jeongwon; Jo, Hyun-Jung; Choi, Jae Dong

2011-09-01

151

GPU Computing in Space Weather Modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space weather refers to conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere that can influence the performance and reliability of space-borne and ground-based technological systems and that affect human life or health. In order to make the real- or faster than real-time numerical prediction of adverse space weather events and their influence on the geospace environment, high-performance computational models are required. The main objective in this article is to explore the application of programmable graphic processing units (GPUs) to the numerical space weather modeling for the study of solar wind background that is a crucial part in the numerical space weather modeling. GPU programming is realized for our Solar-Interplanetary-CESE MHD model (SIP-CESE MHD model) by numerically studying the solar corona/interplanetary solar wind. The global solar wind structures is obtained by the established GPU model with the magnetic field synoptic data as input. The simulated global structures for Carrington rotation 2060 agrees well with solar observations and solar wind measurements from spacecraft near the Earth. The model's implementation of the adaptive-mesh-refinement (AMR) and message passing interface (MPI) enables the full exploitation of the computing power in a heterogeneous CPU/GPU cluster and significantly improves the overall performance. Our initial tests with available hardware show speedups of roughly 5x compared to traditional software implementation. This work presents a novel application of GPU to the space weather study.

Feng, X.; Zhong, D.; Xiang, C.; Zhang, Y.

2013-04-01

152

Space shuttle main engine model identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

System identification techniques are used to represent the dynamic behavior of the SSME (space shuttle main engine). The comparison of the responses of a nonlinear simulation with the responses of an identified model indicates very good agreement. The identified model can be used for control design purposes. The identified model does not include valve linkage backlash and valve stiction nonlinearities.

A. Duyar; T.-H. Guo; W. C. Merrill

1990-01-01

153

Validation of Space Weather Models at Community Coordinated Modeling Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) is a multi-agency partnership to support the research and developmental work necessary to substantially increase space weather modeling capabilities and to facilitate advanced models deployment in forecasting operations. Space weather models and coupled model chains hosted at the CCMC range from the solar corona to the Earth's upper atmosphere. CCMC has developed a number of real-time modeling systems, as well as a large number of modeling and data products tailored to address the space weather needs of NASA's robotic missions. The CCMC conducts unbiased model testing and validation and evaluates model readiness for operational environment. CCMC has been leading recent comprehensive modeling challenges under GEM, CEDAR and SHINE programs. The presentation will focus on experience in carrying out comprehensive and systematic validation of large sets of. space weather models

Kuznetsova, M. M.; Hesse, M.; Pulkkinen, A.; Maddox, M.; Rastaetter, L.; Berrios, D.; Zheng, Y.; MacNeice, P. J.; Shim, J.; Taktakishvili, A.; Chulaki, A.

2011-01-01

154

A Model for Outdoor Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent and future of outdoor education in the elementary schools of Joint School District Number 1, Port Washington, Wisconsin, from the 1971-72 school year to the present. A questionnaire was distributed to all elementary teachers in grades K-6, with the exception of physical education teachers. The…

Gatzke, Ned S.; Starkey, John D.

155

The Army's Continuing Education Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Goals, courses, delivery systems, faculty, instructional materials and methods, and students of the Army continuing education program are described. Characteristics adaptable to civilian alternative higher education are summarized, including: credit for life experience or by examination, ad hoc faculty, performance testing, and student incentives.…

Schoenfeld, Clay

1977-01-01

156

The international space station: An opportunity for industry-sponsored global education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Space Station provides an excellent opportunity for industry sponsorship of international space education. As a highly visible worldwide asset, the space station already commands our interest. It has captured the imagination of the world's researchers and connected the world's governments. Once operational, it can also be used to capture the dreams of the world's children and connect the world's industry through education. The space station's global heritage and ownership; its complex engineering, construction, and operation; its flexible research and technology demonstration capability; and its long duration make it the perfect educational platform. These things also make a space station education program attractive to industry. Such a program will give private industry the opportunity to sponsor space-related activities even though a particular industry may not have a research or technology-driven need for space utilization. Sponsors will benefit through public relations and goodwill, educational promotions and advertising, and the sale and marketing of related products. There is money to be made by supporting, fostering, and enabling education in space through the International Space Station. This paper will explore various ISS education program and sponsorship options and benefits, will examine early industry response to such an opportunity, and will make the case for moving forward with an ISS education program as a private sector initiative.

Shields, Cathleen E.

1999-01-01

157

Parametric Cost Models for Space Telescopes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multivariable parametric cost models for space telescopes provide several benefits to designers and space system project managers. They identify major architectural cost drivers and allow high-level design trades. They enable cost-benefit analysis for technology development investment. And, they provide a basis for estimating total project cost. A survey of historical models found that there is no definitive space telescope cost model. In fact, published models vary greatly [1]. Thus, there is a need for parametric space telescopes cost models. An effort is underway to develop single variable [2] and multi-variable [3] parametric space telescope cost models based on the latest available data and applying rigorous analytical techniques. Specific cost estimating relationships (CERs) have been developed which show that aperture diameter is the primary cost driver for large space telescopes; technology development as a function of time reduces cost at the rate of 50% per 17 years; it costs less per square meter of collecting aperture to build a large telescope than a small telescope; and increasing mass reduces cost.

Stahl, H. Philip; Henrichs, Todd; Dollinger, Courtney

2010-01-01

158

Transforming Community Access to Space Science Models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Researching and forecasting the ever changing space environment (often referred to as space weather) and its influence on humans and their activities are model-intensive disciplines. This is true because the physical processes involved are complex, but, in contrast to terrestrial weather, the supporting observations are typically sparse. Models play a vital role in establishing a physically meaningful context for interpreting limited observations, testing theory, and producing both nowcasts and forecasts. For example, with accurate forecasting of hazardous space weather conditions, spacecraft operators can place sensitive systems in safe modes, and power utilities can protect critical network components from damage caused by large currents induced in transmission lines by geomagnetic storms.

MacNeice, Peter; Heese, Michael; Kunetsova, Maria; Maddox, Marlo; Rastaetter, Lutz; Berrios, David; Pulkkinen, Antti

2012-01-01

159

Space Environments and Effects: Trapped Proton Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An improved model of the Earth's trapped proton environment has been developed. This model, designated Trapped Proton Model version 1 (TPM-1), determines the omnidirectional flux of protons with energy between 1 and 100 MeV throughout near-Earth space. The model also incorporates a true solar cycle dependence. The model consists of several data files and computer software to read them. There are three versions of the mo'del: a FORTRAN-Callable library, a stand-alone model, and a Web-based model.

Huston, S. L.

2002-06-01

160

Are Physical Education Majors Models for Fitness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) (2002) has taken a firm stance on the importance of adequate fitness levels of physical education teachers stating that they have the responsibility to model an active lifestyle and to promote fitness behaviors. Since the NASPE declaration, national initiatives like Let's Move…

Kamla, James; Snyder, Ben; Tanner, Lori; Wash, Pamela

2012-01-01

161

Promoting Mental Model Building in Astronomy Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While astronomy has recently re-emerged in many science curricula, there remain unresolved teaching and learning difficulties peculiar to astronomy education. This paper argues that mental model building, the core process in astronomy itself, should be reflected in astronomy education. Also, this crucial skill may promote a better understanding of…

Taylor, Ian; Barker, Miles; Jones, Alister

2003-01-01

162

How Much? Cost Models for Online Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the research being done in the area of cost models for online education. Describes a cost analysis handbook; an activity-based costing model that was based on an economic model for traditional instruction at the Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis; and blending other costing models. (LRW)

Lorenzo, George

2001-01-01

163

AIAA Educator Academy: The Space Weather Balloon Module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educator Academy is a K-12 STEM curriculum developed by the STEM K-12 Outreach Committee of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). Consisting of three independent curriculum modules, K-12 students participate in inquiry-based science and engineering challenges to improve critical thinking skills and enhance problem solving skills. The Space Weather Balloon Curriculum Module is designed for students in grades 9-12. Throughout this module, students learn and refine physics concepts as well as experimental research skills. Students participate in project-based learning that is experimental in nature. Students are engaged with the world around them as they collaborate to launch a high altitude balloon equipped with HD cameras.The program leaders launch high altitude weather balloons in collaboration with schools and students to teach physics concepts, experimental research skills, and to make space exploration accessible to students. A weather balloon lifts a specially designed payload package that is composed of HD cameras, GPS tracking devices, and other science equipment. The payload is constructed and attached to the balloon by the students with low-cost materials. The balloon and payload are launched with FAA clearance from a site chosen based on wind patterns and predicted landing locations. The balloon ascends over 2 hours to a maximum altitude of 100,000 feet where it bursts and allows the payload to slowly descend using a built-in parachute. The payload is located using the GPS device. In April 2012, the Space Weather Balloon team conducted a prototype field campaign near Fairbanks Alaska, sending several student-built experiments to an altitude of 30km, underneath several strong auroral displays. To better assist teachers in implementing one or more of these Curriculum Modules, teacher workshops are held to give teachers a hands-on look at how this curriculum is used in the classroom. And, to provide further support, teachers are each provided with an AIAA professional member as a mentor for themselves and/or their students. These curriculum modules, provided by AIAA are available to any K-12 teachers as well as EPO officers for use in formal or informal education settings.

Longmier, B.; Henriquez, E.; Bering, E. A.; Slagle, E.

2013-12-01

164

Validation of Space Weather Models at Community Coordinated Modeling Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) is a multiagency partnership, which aims at the creation of next generation space weather modes. CCMC goal is to support the research and developmental work necessary to substantially increase space weather modeling capabilities and to facilitate advanced models deployment in forecasting operations. The CCMC conducts unbiased model testing and validation and evaluates model readiness for operational environment. The presentation will demonstrate the recent progress in CCMC metrics and validation activities.

Kuznetsova, M. M.; Pulkkinen, A.; Rastaetter, L.; Hesse, M.; Chulaki, A.; Maddox, M.

2011-01-01

165

Spatializing Marxist Educational Theory: School, the Built Environment, Fixed Capital and (Relational) Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last two decades, educational theory has begun to incorporate analyses of space where formerly temporal considerations dominated. In this article, Marxist educational theory is spatialized by considering the school as (1) a form of fixed capital, (2) a crucial aspect of the built environment and (3) a relational space. The author begins…

Ford, Derek R.

2014-01-01

166

Categorisation of Mapuche Ways of Conceiving Time and Space: Educational Knowledge of the "Kimches"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The object of this article is to present a categorisation of the ways in which time and space are conceived in the rationale of Mapuche family education. This approach considers knowledge of natural, social, and cultural elements that characterise the classification of time and space by "kimches" (sages) in the education of children and…

Quilaqueo, Daniel; Torres, Hector

2013-01-01

167

Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) - the First Educational Outreach Program on ISS  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 40 missions over five years will be required to assemble the International Space Station in orbit. The astronauts and cosmonauts will work hard on these missions, but they plan to take some time off for educational activities with schools. Amateur Radio on the International Space Station represents the first Educational Outreach program that is flying on ISS. NASA's

C. L. Conley; F. H. Bauer; D. Brown; R. White

2002-01-01

168

The Center for Science Education at the UC Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory: Public  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Center, at the University of California, Berkeley, is dedicated to making space science information accessible to educators and public. Internet-based classroom resources for astronomy education in grades K-12 and cataloged and presented. The creators have categorized their resources by topical content, they consist of: art and space science, at home astronomy, auroras, comet's tale, exploring magnetism, eye on the sky, SEGway lessons, solar week, space weather, sun-earth media viewer, sunspots and workshops for educators at CSE. The site also provides resources for educators and scientists.

2009-03-19

169

Deep space network software cost estimation model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A parametric software cost estimation model prepared for Jet PRopulsion Laboratory (JPL) Deep Space Network (DSN) Data System implementation tasks is described. The resource estimation mdel modifies and combines a number of existing models. The model calibrates the task magnitude and difficulty, development environment, and software technology effects through prompted responses to a set of approximately 50 questions. Parameters in the model are adjusted to fit JPL software life-cycle statistics.

Tausworthe, R. C.

1981-01-01

170

String Fragmentation Model in Space Radiation Problems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

String fragmentation models such as the Lund Model fit experimental particle production cross sections very well in the high-energy limit. This paper gives an introduction of the massless relativistic string in the Lund Model and shows how it can be modified with a simple assumption to produce formulas for meson production cross sections for space radiation research. The results of the string model are compared with inclusive pion production data from proton-proton collision experiments.

Tang, Alfred; Johnson, Eloise (Editor); Norbury, John W.; Tripathi, R. K.

2002-01-01

171

Population Coding of Visual Space: Modeling  

PubMed Central

We examine how the representation of space is affected by receptive field (RF) characteristics of the encoding population. Spatial responses were defined by overlapping Gaussian RFs. These responses were analyzed using multidimensional scaling to extract the representation of global space implicit in population activity. Spatial representations were based purely on firing rates, which were not labeled with RF characteristics (tuning curve peak location, for example), differentiating this approach from many other population coding models. Because responses were unlabeled, this model represents space using intrinsic coding, extracting relative positions amongst stimuli, rather than extrinsic coding where known RF characteristics provide a reference frame for extracting absolute positions. Two parameters were particularly important: RF diameter and RF dispersion, where dispersion indicates how broadly RF centers are spread out from the fovea. For large RFs, the model was able to form metrically accurate representations of physical space on low-dimensional manifolds embedded within the high-dimensional neural population response space, suggesting that in some cases the neural representation of space may be dimensionally isomorphic with 3D physical space. Smaller RF sizes degraded and distorted the spatial representation, with the smallest RF sizes (present in early visual areas) being unable to recover even a topologically consistent rendition of space on low-dimensional manifolds. Finally, although positional invariance of stimulus responses has long been associated with large RFs in object recognition models, we found RF dispersion rather than RF diameter to be the critical parameter. In fact, at a population level, the modeling suggests that higher ventral stream areas with highly restricted RF dispersion would be unable to achieve positionally-invariant representations beyond this narrow region around fixation. PMID:21344012

Lehky, Sidney R.; Sereno, Anne B.

2011-01-01

172

Making Educational Spaces through Boundary Work: Territorialisation and "Boundarying"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Globalising processes are shifting the established nation-building project of twentieth-century national education systems. This historic axis between education and territorialised state power is being re-spatialised and remade as a globally networked, lifelong learning educational order. Political sociology of education theorises these de- and…

Seddon, Terri

2014-01-01

173

Survey of cost models for space telescopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Parametric cost models are routinely used to plan missions, compare concepts, and justify technology investments. However, great care is required. There is a lot of confusion and wrong information for space telescopes. Cost estimating relationships based on primary mirror diameter vary by an order of magnitude. Cost estimating relationships based only on mass lack sufficient detail to support concept analysis and can lead to inaccurate conclusions by encouraging excessively complex and technologically immature solutions. Similarly, using ground-based models leads to incorrect conclusions. This work surveys current and historical published cost models for space telescopes while attempting to interpret them in a common logical framework to enable a systematic intercomparison.

Stahl, H. Philip

2010-05-01

174

On asymptotic models in Banach Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

A well known application of Ramsey’s Theorem to Banach Space Theory is the notion of a spreading model\\u000a $$(\\\\tilde e_i )$$\\u000a of a normalized basic sequence (x\\u000a i) in a Banach spaceX. We show how to generalize the construction to define a new creature (e\\u000a i), which we call an asymptotic model ofX. Every spreading model ofX is an asymptotic

Lorenz Halbeisen; Edward Odell

2004-01-01

175

In-Space Chemical Propulsion System Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multiple, new technologies for chemical systems are becoming available and include high temperature rockets, very light propellant tanks and structures, new bipropellant and monopropellant options, lower mass propellant control components, and zero boil off subsystems. Such technologies offer promise of increasing the performance of in-space chemical propulsion for energetic space missions. A mass model for pressure-fed, Earth and space-storable, advanced chemical propulsion systems (ACPS) was developed in support of the NASA MSFC In-Space Propulsion Program. Data from flight systems and studies defined baseline system architectures and subsystems and analyses were formulated for parametric scaling relationships for all ACPS subsystem. The paper will first provide summary descriptions of the approaches used for the systems and the subsystems and then present selected analyses to illustrate use of the model for missions with characteristics of current interest.

Byers, David C.; Woodcock, Gordon; Benfield, Michael P. J.

2004-01-01

176

In-Space Chemical Propulsion System Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multiple, new technologies for chemical systems are becoming available and include high temperature rockets, very light propellant tanks and structures, new bipropellant and monopropellant options, lower mass propellant control components, and zero boil off subsystems. Such technologies offer promise of increasing the performance of in-space chemical propulsion for energetic space missions. A mass model for pressure-fed, Earth and space-storable, advanced chemical propulsion systems (ACPS) was developed in support of the NASA MSFC In-Space Propulsion Program. Data from flight systems and studies defined baseline system architectures and subsystems and analyses were formulated for parametric scaling relationships for all ACPS subsystems. The paper will first provide summary descriptions of the approaches used for the systems and the subsystems and then present selected analyses to illustrate use of the model for missions with characteristics of current interest.

Byers, David C.; Woodcock, Gordon; Benfield, M. P. J.

2004-01-01

177

Mainstream Issues of Education and Public Awareness of Space Activities and Sciences among universities and Scientific Institutes.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is an effort to study and analyze several constraints and issues of space technology and education that organizations other than governmental organizations face in awareness program. In recent years, advancements in technologies have made it possible for Volunteer and Technical Communities, non-government organizations, private agencies and academic research institutions to provide increasing support to space education management and emphasis on response efforts. Important cornerstones of this effort and support are the possibility to access and take advantage of satellite imagery as well as the use of other space-based technologies such as telecommunications satellites and global navigation satellite systems included in main curriculum plus the implementation of programs for use of high class sophisticated technologies used by industries to the students and researchers of non-space faring nations. The authors recognize the importance of such new methodologies for education and public Awareness. This paper demonstrates many hurdles universities and scientific institutions face including lack of access in terms of financial and technical resources for better support. A new model for coordinated private sector partnership in response to space sciences and education has been discussed. In depth analysis and techniques need to connect these pioneering communities with the space industry as well as the space governmental agencies, with special emphasis on financial constraints. The paper mandates its role to promote the use of space-based information; its established networks bringing together national institutions responsible for these space based activities, as well as other end users, and space solution experts; and its technical foundation, particularly in the area of information technologies. To help building a tighter cooperation and further understanding among all these communities, paper delivers an intensive report and solutions for future coordination and ease

Singh, Balbir

178

A space transportation system operations model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented is a description of a computer program which permits assessment of the operational support requirements of space transportation systems functioning in both a ground- and space-based environment. The scenario depicted provides for the delivery of payloads from Earth to a space station and beyond using upper stages based at the station. Model results are scenario dependent and rely on the input definitions of delivery requirements, task times, and available resources. Output is in terms of flight rate capabilities, resource requirements, and facility utilization. A general program description, program listing, input requirements, and sample output are included.

Morris, W. Douglas; White, Nancy H.

1987-01-01

179

Deep space network software cost estimation model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A parametric software cost estimation model prepared for Deep Space Network (DSN) Data Systems implementation tasks is presented. The resource estimation model incorporates principles and data from a number of existing models. The model calibrates task magnitude and difficulty, development environment, and software technology effects through prompted responses to a set of approximately 50 questions. Parameters in the model are adjusted to fit DSN software life cycle statistics. The estimation model output scales a standard DSN Work Breakdown Structure skeleton, which is then input into a PERT/CPM system, producing a detailed schedule and resource budget for the project being planned.

Tausworthe, R. C.

1981-01-01

180

Qualitative models for space system engineering  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this project were: (1) to investigate the implications of qualitative modeling techniques for problems arising in the monitoring, diagnosis, and design of Space Station subsystems and procedures; (2) to identify the issues involved in using qualitative models to enhance and automate engineering functions. These issues include representing operational criteria, fault models, alternate ontologies, and modeling continuous signals at a functional level of description; and (3) to develop a prototype collection of qualitative models for fluid and thermal systems commonly found in Space Station subsystems. Potential applications of qualitative modeling to space-systems engineering, including the notion of intelligent computer-aided engineering are summarized. Emphasis is given to determining which systems of the proposed Space Station provide the most leverage for study, given the current state of the art. Progress on using qualitative models, including development of the molecular collection ontology for reasoning about fluids, the interaction of qualitative and quantitative knowledge in analyzing thermodynamic cycles, and an experiment on building a natural language interface to qualitative reasoning is reported. Finally, some recommendations are made for future research.

Forbus, Kenneth D.

1990-01-01

181

Fuzzy cognitive map modelling educational software adoption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational software adoption across UK secondary schools is seen as unsatisfactory. Based on stakeholders’ perceptions, this paper uses fuzzy cognitive maps (FCMs) to model this adoption context. It discusses the development of the FCM model, using a mixed-methods approach and drawing on participants from three UK secondary schools. The study presents three phases involved in the development of the model,

Sarmin Hossain; Laurence Brooks

2008-01-01

182

Modeling And Simulation Tools For Education Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., the Modeling And Simulation Tools for Education Reform (MASTER) provide useful educational tools that help students and teachers learn through observation and modeling activities. The Shodor Foundation worked in tandem with the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, George Mason University, and other educational organizations to craft these tools and visitors can access all eight of them here. The Fractal Modeling Tools are a good place to start as visitors can download the required software or take in some instructional materials, such as the interactive fractal microscope and the snowflake fractal generator. Other notable areas here include The Pit and the Pendulum, which offers the work of Edgar Allan Poe as a way to learn about better reading through computation.

183

A regional model of interprofessional education  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the innovative features of the first regional model of interprofessional education (IPE) in the US, developed by The Commonwealth Medical College, Scranton, PA, USA, as a new, independent, community-based medical school in northeastern Pennsylvania. Essential educational components include collaborative care seminars, interprofessional sessions, simulations, live web-based seminars and newly innovative virtual environment interactive exercises. All of these elements are being integrated into the curricula of 14 undergraduate and allied professional schools, and three graduate medical education programs located in the region. Activities incorporate simulation, standardized patients, student leadership, and faculty and student facilitation. As this new regional model of interprofessional education is fully implemented, its impact will be assessed using both quantitative and qualitative outcomes measurements. Appropriate ongoing modifications to the model will be made to ensure improvement and further applicability to collaborative learning. PMID:23745072

Olenick, Maria; Foote, Edward; Vanston, Patricia; Szarek, John; Vaskalis, Zachary; Dimattio, Mary Jane; Smego, Raymond A

2011-01-01

184

Contrasting Disciplinary Models in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses advantages and disadvantages of eight discipline approaches: the Neo-Skinnerian reinforcement model, Redl and Wattenberg's group dynamics model, Kounin's lesson-management model, Ginott's communication model, Dreikurs' student choice model, Canter's Assertive Discipline model, Jones's classroom-management model, and Glasser's…

Morris, Robert C.

1996-01-01

185

Developing Fault Models for Space Mission Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on the development of fault models for space mission software is shown. The topics include: 1) Goal: Improve Understanding of Technology Fault Generation Process; 2) Required Measurement; 3) Measuring Structural Evolution; 4) Module Attributes; 5) Principal Components of Raw Metrics; 6) The Measurement Process; 7) View of Structural Evolution at the System and Module Level; 8) Identifying and Counting Faults; 9) Fault Enumeration; 10) Modeling Fault Content; 11) Modeling Results; 12) Current and Future Work; and 13) Discussion and Conclusions.

Nikora, Allen P.; Munson, John C.

2003-01-01

186

Cognitive engineering models in space systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA space systems, including mission operations on the ground and in space, are complex, dynamic, predominantly automated systems in which the human operator is a supervisory controller. The human operator monitors and fine-tunes computer-based control systems and is responsible for ensuring safe and efficient system operation. In such systems, the potential consequences of human mistakes and errors may be very large, and low probability of such events is likely. Thus, models of cognitive functions in complex systems are needed to describe human performance and form the theoretical basis of operator workstation design, including displays, controls, and decision support aids. The operator function model represents normative operator behavior-expected operator activities given current system state. The extension of the theoretical structure of the operator function model and its application to NASA Johnson mission operations and space station applications is discussed.

Mitchell, Christine M.

1992-01-01

187

Model analysis of Space Shuttle dosimetry data.  

PubMed

An extensive model analysis of plastic track detector measurements of high-LET particles on the Space Shuttle has been performed. Three shuttle flights: STS-51F (low-altitude, high-inclination), STS-51J (high-altitude, low-inclination), and STS-61C (low-altitude, low-inclination) are considered. The model includes contributions from trapped protons and galactic cosmic radiation, as well as target secondary particles. Target secondaries, expected to be of importance in thickly shielded space environments, are found to be a significant component of the measured LET (linear energy transfer) spectra. PMID:11537301

Letaw, J R; Silberberg, R; Tsao, C H; Benton, E V

1989-01-01

188

Model analysis of Space Shuttle dosimetry data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An extensive model analysis of plastic track detector measurements of high-LET particles on the Space Shuttle has been performed. Three Shuttle flights: STS-51F (low-altitude, high-inclination), STS-51J (high-altitude, low-inclination), and STS-61C (low-altitude, low-inclination) are considered. The model includes contributions from trapped protons and Galactic cosmic radiation, as well as target secondary particles. Target secondaries, expected to be of importance in thickly shielded space environments, are found to be a significant component of the measured LET (linear energy transfer) spectra.

Letaw, J. R.; Silberberg, R.; Tsao, C. H.; Benton, E. V.

1989-01-01

189

Space Awareness, an Adult Education Curriculum Resource Guide. Bulletin No. 71-F-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document was prepared to serve as a guide to adult educators and others interested in specific information relating to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and to provide a source of information of the breadth and scope of space explorations including space benefits to mankind. The course is organized into eight units of…

Jones, Marvin

190

Ejs Liouvilleâs Theorem Phase Space Plotter Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ejs Liouvilleâs Theorem Phase Space Plotter model displays the dynamics of an ensemble of pendula or simple harmonic oscillators in phase space (velocity versus position). Friction is initially set to zero but can be changed via a textbox as can the number of elements in the ensemble. The initial starting point of each element in the ensemble forms a particular shape (square, hollow square, disk, or circle). Therefore at the beginning of the simulation, each starting point is near the others and the red center point in phase space. For the pendulum ensemble, the Cylinder checkbox keeps the angular position between âpi and pi for large initial angular velocities. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item. Ejs Liouvilleâs Theorem Phase Space Plotter model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_ehu_analytical_mechanics_Liouville.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for Newtonian mechanics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Aguirregabiria, Juan

2008-07-10

191

Mouse infection models for space flight immunology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several immunological processes can be affected by space flight. However, there is little evidence to suggest that flight-induced immunological deficits lead to illness. Therefore, one of our goals has been to define models to examine host resistance during space flight. Our working hypothesis is that space flight crews will come from a heterogeneous population; the immune response gene make-up will be quite varied. It is unknown how much the immune response gene variation contributes to the potential threat from infectious organisms, allergic responses or other long term health problems (e.g. cancer). This article details recent efforts of the Kansas State University gravitational immunology group to assess how population heterogeneity impacts host health, either in laboratory experimental situations and/or using the skeletal unloading model of space-flight stress. This paper details our use of several mouse strains with several different genotypes. In particular, mice with varying MHCII allotypes and mice on the C57BL background with different genetic defects have been particularly useful tools with which to study infections by Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Pasteurella pneumotropica and Ehrlichia chaffeensis. We propose that some of these experimental challenge models will be useful to assess the effects of space flight on host resistance to infection.

Chapes, Stephen Keith; Ganta, Roman Reddy; Chapers, S. K. (Principal Investigator)

2005-01-01

192

Scientific Benefits of Space Science Models Archiving at Community Coordinated Modeling Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) hosts a set of state-of-the-art space science models ranging from the solar atmosphere to the Earth's upper atmosphere. CCMC provides a web-based Run-on-Request system, by which the interested scientist can request simulations for a broad range of space science problems. To allow the models to be driven by data relevant to particular events CCMC developed a tool that automatically downloads data from data archives and transform them to required formats. CCMC also provides a tailored web-based visualization interface for the model output, as well as the capability to download the simulation output in portable format. CCMC offers a variety of visualization and output analysis tools to aid scientists in interpretation of simulation results. During eight years since the Run-on-request system became available the CCMC archived the results of almost 3000 runs that are covering significant space weather events and time intervals of interest identified by the community. The simulation results archived at CCMC also include a library of general purpose runs with modeled conditions that are used for education and research. Archiving results of simulations performed in support of several Modeling Challenges helps to evaluate the progress in space weather modeling over time. We will highlight the scientific benefits of CCMC space science model archive and discuss plans for further development of advanced methods to interact with simulation results.

Kuznetsova, M. M.; Berrios, D.; Chulaki, A.; Hesse, M.; MacNeice, P. J.; Maddox, M. M.; Pulkkinen, A.; Rastaetter, L.; Taktakishvili, A.

2009-12-01

193

A Flow Model for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The flow model in this report is based on the assumption that degree production (output) is a function of the teaching input (number of faculty) but independent of the student input, except in special circumstances. The basic model deals with the flow of people from one stage of education in science to another, from undergraduate to graduate to…

Hammond, Allen L.

194

Simulation model development in information security education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The value of modeling and simulation for education, training, and testing in information security has been documented in several studies. In this paper, we suggest that it is important not only to include the general use of simulation in various courses of the security curriculum, but also to include the theory and development of simulation models. We describe briefly the

Jose M. Garrido; Tridib Bandyopadhyay

2009-01-01

195

Modeling Education on the Real World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses educational applications of computer simulation and model building for grades K to 8, with emphasis on the usefulness of the computer simulation language, micro-DYNAMO, for programing and understanding the models which help to explain social and natural phenomena. A new textbook for junior-senior high school students is noted. (EAO)

Hunter, Beverly

1983-01-01

196

The Strategies of Modeling in Biology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modeling, like inquiry more generally, is not a single method, but rather a complex suite of strategies. Philosophers of biology, citing the diverse aims, interests, and disciplinary cultures of biologists, argue that modeling is best understood in the context of its epistemic aims and cognitive payoffs. In the science education literature,…

Svoboda, Julia; Passmore, Cynthia

2013-01-01

197

International Space Station Radiation Shielding Model Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The projected radiation levels within the International Space Station (ISS) have been criticized by the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel in their report to the NASA Administrator. Methods for optimal reconfig- uration and augmentation of the ISS shielding are now being developed. The initial steps are to develop reconfigurable and realistic radiation shield models of the ISS modules, develop computational procedures

G. D. Qualls; J. W. Wilson; C. Sandridge; F. A. Cucinotta; J. E. Nealy; J. H. Heinbockel; C. P. Hugger; J. Verhage; B. M. Anderson; W. Atwell

198

A Computational Model for Metric Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

For every metric space X, we define a continuous poset BX such that X is homeomorphic to the set of maximal elements of BX with the relative Scott topology. The poset BX is a dcpo iff X is complete, and ?-continuous iff X is separable. The computational model BX is used to give domain-theoretic proofs of Banach's fixed point theorem

Abbas Edalat; Reinhold Heckmann

1998-01-01

199

Cost Modeling for Space Optical Telescope Assemblies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parametric cost models are used to plan missions, compare concepts and justify technology investments. This paper reviews an on-going effort to develop cost modes for space telescopes. This paper summarizes the methodology used to develop cost models and documents how changes to the database have changed previously published preliminary cost models. While the cost models are evolving, the previously published findings remain valid: it costs less per square meter of collecting aperture to build a large telescope than a small telescope; technology development as a function of time reduces cost; and lower areal density telescopes cost more than more massive telescopes.

Stahl, H. Philip; Henrichs, Todd; Luedtke, Alexander; West, Miranda

2011-01-01

200

Space shuttle main engine plume radiation model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The methods are described which are used in predicting the thermal radiation received by space shuttles, from the plumes of the main engines. Radiation to representative surface locations were predicted using the NASA gaseous plume radiation GASRAD program. The plume model is used with the radiative view factor (RAVFAC) program to predict sea level radiation at specified body points. The GASRAD program is described along with the predictions. The RAVFAC model is also discussed.

Reardon, J. E.; Lee, Y. C.

1978-01-01

201

Developing fault models for space mission software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Over the past several years, we have focused on developing fault models for space mission software. In general, these models use measurable attributes of a software system and its development process to estimate the number of faults inserted into the system during its development; their outputs can be used to better estimate the resources to be allocated to fault identification and removal for all system components.

Nikora, A. P.; Munson, J. C.

2003-01-01

202

Sabin Special Education. A Model To Model: Collaborate To Integrate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of materials presents guidelines and forms used in the Sabin Junior High School (Colorado Springs, Colorado) special education collaborative program. A flow chart illustrates the continuum of services offered by the model. Contents of the manual include definitions of terms used; special education team visions concerning…

Colorado Springs Public Schools, CO.

203

Space market model development project, phase 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a research project investigating information needs for space commercialization is described. The Space Market Model Development Project (SMMDP) was designed to help NASA identify the information needs of the business community and to explore means to meet those needs. The activity of the SMMDP is reviewed and a report of its operation via three sections is presented. The first part contains a brief historical review of the project since inception. The next part reports results of Phase 3, the most recent stage of activity. Finally, overall conclusions and observations based on the SMMDP research results are presented.

Bishop, Peter C.; Hamel, Gary P.

1989-01-01

204

The Strategies of Modeling in Biology Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modeling, like inquiry more generally, is not a single method, but rather a complex suite of strategies. Philosophers of biology, citing the diverse aims, interests, and disciplinary cultures of biologists, argue that modeling is best understood in the context of its epistemic aims and cognitive payoffs. In the science education literature, modeling has been discussed in a variety of ways, but often without explicit reference to the diversity of roles models play in scientific practice. We aim to expand and bring clarity to the myriad uses of models in science by presenting a framework from philosopher of biology Jay Odenbaugh that describes five pragmatic strategies of model use in the biological sciences. We then present illustrative examples of each of these roles from an empirical study of an undergraduate biological modeling curriculum, which highlight how students used models to help them frame their research question, explore ideas, and refine their conceptual understanding in an educational setting. Our aim is to begin to explicate the definition of modeling in science in a way that will allow educators and curriculum developers to make informed choices about how and for what purpose modeling enters science classrooms.

Svoboda, Julia; Passmore, Cynthia

2013-01-01

205

Benefits Awareness: Educating Industry, Finance, and the Public About Space Commercialization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For space to be truly commercialized, businesses of all sizes and types must be involved, from foundries to agricultural research initiatives. Achieving this goal, however, requires three separate but integrated educational efforts to support it. The first is to educate industry leaders about the possibilities available through such research, while dispelling some of the myths and misinformation educate the financial community about the economic benefits that result both from the research and the leveraging of private research dollars through the use of space and microgravity research. The third is to educate the public about the tangible benefits that come directly to them from such efforts, the economic benefits to national economies from same, and the other less tangible benefits that will cascade from commercial operations. Together, these steps will educate and provide the framework necessary to help advance space commercialization.

Powers, Blake; Nall, Mark; Casas, Joseph C.; Henderson, Robin N. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

206

Flexible Programmes in Higher Professional Education: Expert Validation of a Flexible Educational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a preceding case study, a process-focused demand-driven approach for organising flexible educational programmes in higher professional education (HPE) was developed. Operations management and instructional design contributed to designing a flexible educational model by means of discrete-event simulation. Educational experts validated the model

Schellekens, Ad; Paas, Fred; Verbraeck, Alexander; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2010-01-01

207

Modeling and Analysis of Space Based Transceivers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents the tool chain, methodology, and initial results of a study to provide a thorough, objective, and quantitative analysis of the design alternatives for space Software Defined Radio (SDR) transceivers. The approach taken was to develop a set of models and tools for describing communications requirements, the algorithm resource requirements, the available hardware, and the alternative software architectures, and generate analysis data necessary to compare alternative designs. The Space Transceiver Analysis Tool (STAT) was developed to help users identify and select representative designs, calculate the analysis data, and perform a comparative analysis of the representative designs. The tool allows the design space to be searched quickly while permitting incremental refinement in regions of higher payoff.

Moore, Michael S.; Price, Jeremy C.; Abbott, Ben; Liebetreu, John; Reinhart, Richard C.; Kacpura, Thomas J.

2007-01-01

208

Shuttle small self-contained payloads - 'Getaway' to the educational opportunities of space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Shuttle Small Self-Contained Payload Program is described, as are ways in which high schools and universities can be helped to take advantage of its unique educational potential. The mechanics of obtaining payload space are presented. Suggestions for aiding educational institutions establish payload experiment programs are discussed. To illustrate suggestions, examples are given of programs established to date and of experiments which are being considered for participation.

Craig, M. K.; Murtagh, T. B.; Jacobson, C. A., Sr.

1978-01-01

209

Places and Spaces: Environmental Psychology in Education. Fastback 112.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet discusses the concept of environmental psychology and suggests ways of applying environmental psychology principles to education. A new field of study, environmental psychology deals with influences of the physical environment on human attitudes and behavior. Of potential use to educators on all levels as they seek to use the physical…

Heyman, Mark

210

Making Space for Adult Learners in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National policy in higher education requires higher education institutions to widen access to adult learners alongside other previously excluded groups, yet gives few indications as to how this should be done. The assumption seems to have been that broadening access is sufficient in itself. In this article we argue that it is possible to construct…

Osman, R.; Castle, J.

2006-01-01

211

Space-Hotel Early Bird - An Educational and Public Outreach Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In April 2001 the German Aerospace Society DGLR e.V. in cooperation with the Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany initiated an interdisciplinary students contest, under the patronage of Mr. Joerg Feustel-Buechl, the Director of Manned Spaceflight and Microgravity, European Space Agency (ESA), for the summer term 2001. It was directed to graduated architecture students, who had to conceive and design a space-hotel with specific technical, economical and social requirements. The to be developed Space Hotel for a low earth orbit has to accommodate 220 guests. It was of utmost importance that this contest becomes an integral part of the student's tuition and that professors of the different academic and industrial institutions supported the project idea. During the summer term 2001 about fifty students occupied themselves with the topic, "design of an innovative space-hotel". The overall challenge was to create rooms used under microgravity environment, which means to overcome existing definitions and to find a new definition of living space. Because none of the students were able to experience such a room under microgravity they were forced to use the power of their imagination capability. The students attended moreover a number of lectures on different technical subjects focusing on space and went on several space-related excursions. Having specialists, as volunteers, in the field of space in charge meant that it could be ensured that the designs reflected a certain possibility of being able to be realized. Within the summer term seventeen major designs developed from the conceptual status to high sophisticated concepts and later on also to respective models. A competition combined with a public exhibition, that took place within the Annual German Aeronautics and Astronautics Congress, and intense media relations finalized this project. The project idea of "Early Bird - Visions of a Space Hotel" which was developed within six month is a remarkable example, how education and public outreach can be combined and how a cooperation among an association, the industry and academia can work successfully. Representatives of the DGLR and the academia developed a method to spread space related knowledge in a short time to a motivated working group. The project was a great success in the sense to involve other disciplines in space related topics by interdisciplinary work and in the sense of public and educational outreach. With more than 2.3 million contacts the DGLR e.V. promoted space and the vision of living (in) space to the public. The task of the paper is mainly to describe the approach and the experience made related to the organization, lectures, financing and outreach efforts in respect to similar future international outreach activities, which are planned for the 54th International Astronautical Congress in Bremen/Germany. www.spacehotel.org

Amekrane, R.; Holze, C.

2002-01-01

212

Co-Constructing Imaginative Spaces: Public Art in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This documentary account explores the potential of public art pedagogy to co-construct imaginative spaces in pre-service teacher education. Based upon a collaborative venture between two professors and an arts-based educational organization, the present article describes and analyzes key features and relations that were influential in transforming…

Hirsch, Miriam

2012-01-01

213

Interdisciplinary Earth system science and Earth observations from the International Space Station: partners in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The monitoring of the global environment will be aided by a nadir-viewing, optical quality window located in the United States Laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS). Through this window Earth observations data of significant scientific and educational value will be acquired and made available to scientists, educators, and the general public. The analysis of data from the ISS will

K. J. Willis; D. L. Amsbury; C. D. McLaughlin; T. Miewald

1996-01-01

214

Data Model Management for Space Information Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Reference Architecture for Space Information Management (RASIM) suggests the separation of the data model from software components to promote the development of flexible information management systems. RASIM allows the data model to evolve independently from the software components and results in a robust implementation that remains viable as the domain changes. However, the development and management of data models within RASIM are difficult and time consuming tasks involving the choice of a notation, the capture of the model, its validation for consistency, and the export of the model for implementation. Current limitations to this approach include the lack of ability to capture comprehensive domain knowledge, the loss of significant modeling information during implementation, the lack of model visualization and documentation capabilities, and exports being limited to one or two schema types. The advent of the Semantic Web and its demand for sophisticated data models has addressed this situation by providing a new level of data model management in the form of ontology tools. In this paper we describe the use of a representative ontology tool to capture and manage a data model for a space information system. The resulting ontology is implementation independent. Novel on-line visualization and documentation capabilities are available automatically, and the ability to export to various schemas can be added through tool plug-ins. In addition, the ingestion of data instances into the ontology allows validation of the ontology and results in a domain knowledge base. Semantic browsers are easily configured for the knowledge base. For example the export of the knowledge base to RDF/XML and RDFS/XML and the use of open source metadata browsers provide ready-made user interfaces that support both text- and facet-based search. This paper will present the Planetary Data System (PDS) data model as a use case and describe the import of the data model into an ontology tool. We will also describe the current effort to provide interoperability with the European Space Agency (ESA)/Planetary Science Archive (PSA) which is critically dependent on a common data model.

Hughes, J. Steven; Crichton, Daniel J.; Ramirez, Paul; Mattmann, chris

2006-01-01

215

Identification and Evaluation of Educational Uses and Users for the STS. Executive Summary. Educational Planning for Utilization of Space Shuttle (ED-PLUSS). Final Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study to consider the educational uses of the space shuttle/space lab. Several specific tasks were identified and accomplished during the study and the summary addresses itself to five that are considered pertinent: (1) Potential User and Identification; (2) Identification and Analysis of Space Education Programs; (3) Planning…

Engle, H. A.; Christensen, D. L.

216

Educational planning for utilization of space shuttle (ED-PLUSS). Executive summary: Identification and evaluation of educational uses and users for the STS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development and application of educational programs to improve public awareness of the space shuttle/space lab capabilities are reported. Special efforts were made to: identify the potential user, identify and analyze space education programs, plan methods for user involvement, develop techniques and programs to encourage new users, and compile follow-on ideas.

Engle, H. A.; Christensen, D. L.

1975-01-01

217

Three Models of Education: Rights, Capabilities and Human Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses three normative accounts that can underlie educational policies, with special attention to gender issues. These three models of education are human capital theory, rights discourses and the capability approach. I first outline five different roles that education can play. Then I analyse these three models of educational

Robeyns, Ingrid

2006-01-01

218

A New Center for Science Education at UC Berkeley's Space Sciences Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Space Sciences Laboratory at UC Berkeley has established a new Center for Science Education through the Laboratory's Senior Fellow program. The Center has a two-fold mission: (1) science education research through collaborations with UCB Graduate School of Education faculty, and (2) education and outreach projects that bring NASA research to the K-14 and general public communities. The Center is the host of two major education and outreach programs funded by NASA - The Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum (SECEF) and the Science Education Gateway (SEGway) Project. The SECEF - a collaborative between UC Berkeley and NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center - is one of four Forums that have been funded through the Office of Space Science as part of their Education Ecosystem. SEGway is a partnership between science research centers, science museums, and teachers, for the purpose of developing Internet-based, inquiry activities for the K-12 classroom that tap NASA remote sensing data. We will describe the Center for Science Education's history and vision, as well as summarize our core programs.

Hawkins, I.

1998-01-01

219

Humanistic Speech Education to Create Leadership Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A theoretical framework based primarily on the humanistic psychology of Abraham Maslow is used in developing a humanistic approach to speech education. The holistic view of human learning and behavior, inherent in this approach, is seen to be compatible with a model of effective leadership. Specific applications of this approach to speech…

Oka, Beverley Jeanne

220

The North Star Model of Alternative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on experience in developing and administering alternative settings, the author describes a strength-based approach for reaching students who too often fall through the cracks. The North Star psycho-educational model addresses academic, behavioral, clinical, career, and spiritual needs of troubled youth. This article defines the research…

Olive, Edna

2003-01-01

221

Thriving in Partnership: Models for Continuing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, based on a presentation at the University Professional and Continuing Education Association Annual Conference, March 29, 2012, provides concepts, terminology, and financial models for establishing and maintaining successful institutional partnerships. The authors offer it as a contribution to developing a wider understanding of the…

Moroney, Peter; Boeck, Deena

2012-01-01

222

NASA Lunar Sample Education Disk Program - Space Rocks for Classrooms, Museums, Science Centers and Libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA is eager for students and the public to experience lunar Apollo rocks and regolith soils first hand. Lunar samples embedded in plastic are available for educators to use in their classrooms, museums, science centers, and public libraries for education activities and display. The sample education disks are valuable tools for engaging students in the exploration of the Solar System. Scientific research conducted on the Apollo rocks has revealed the early history of our Earth-Moon system. The rocks help educators make the connections to this ancient history of our planet as well as connections to the basic lunar surface processes - impact and volcanism. With these samples educators in museums, science centers, libraries, and classrooms can help students and the public understand the key questions pursued by missions to Moon. The Office of the Curator at Johnson Space Center is in the process of reorganizing and renewing the Lunar and Meteorite Sample Education Disk Program to increase reach, security and accountability. The new program expands the reach of these exciting extraterrestrial rocks through increased access to training and educator borrowing. One of the expanded opportunities is that trained certified educators from science centers, museums, and libraries may now borrow the extraterrestrial rock samples. Previously the loan program was only open to classroom educators so the expansion will increase the public access to the samples and allow educators to make the critical connections of the rocks to the exciting exploration missions taking place in our solar system. Each Lunar Disk contains three lunar rocks and three regolith soils embedded in Lucite. The anorthosite sample is a part of the magma ocean formed on the surface of Moon in the early melting period, the basalt is part of the extensive lunar mare lava flows, and the breccias sample is an important example of the violent impact history of the Moon. The disks also include two regolith soils and orange glass from a pyroclastic deposit. The loan program also includes Meteorite Disks containing six meteorites that will help educators share the early history of the solar system with students and the public. Educators may borrow either lunar or meteorite disks through Johnson Space Center Curatorial Office. In trainings provided by the NASA Aerospace Education Services Program specialists, educators certified to borrow the disk learn about education resources, the proper use of the samples, and the special security for care and shipping of the disks. The Lunar and Meteorite Sample Education Disk Program is set up to bridge to new education programs that will carry NASA exploration to more people. Getting Space Rocks out to the public and connecting the public to the current space exploration missions is the focus the NASA disk loan program.

Allen, J. S.

2009-12-01

223

Space and Power in the Ivory Tower: Decision Making in Public Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges of managing physical space in higher education are often left unspoken and under researched. In this multiple case study of three urban universities, decision-making processes are examined with particular attention to who has institutional decision-making authority. Effective and efficient space management is important because the…

Blanchette, Sandra McCoskrie

2011-01-01

224

Space and Power in the Ivory Tower: Decision Making in Public Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges of managing physical space in public higher education are often left unspoken and under researched. In this multiple case study of three urban universities, decision-making processes are examined with particular attention to who has institutional decision-making authority. Effective and efficient space management is important…

Blanchette, Sandra McCoskrie

2010-01-01

225

NOAA's Space Weather Prediction Center Education & Outreach Resources  

E-print Network

weather and how it impacts our Nation's infrastructure. ­ Available at https://www.youtube on youtube ­ Monitoring space weather, January 2012 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OcvaKCS7bD0&feature=youtu.be ­ NOAA Space Weather update March 7, 2012: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Q45vtmoFwg ­ NOAA Space

226

The Structuring of the Mediterranean Space within the Education System in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how the Southern European Mediterranean immigrants to Australia attempted to contribute to the making of an educational system that would cater to their real or imagined cultural ecology and educational curriculum. An economic rationale is suggested for the Australian model of multiculturalism and its impact on education. (SLD)

Dimitreas, Yiannis

1998-01-01

227

Space station architectural elements model study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The worksphere, a user controlled computer workstation enclosure, was expanded in scope to an engineering workstation suitable for use on the Space Station as a crewmember desk in orbit. The concept was also explored as a module control station capable of enclosing enough equipment to control the station from each module. The concept has commercial potential for the Space Station and surface workstation applications. The central triangular beam interior configuration was expanded and refined to seven different beam configurations. These included triangular on center, triangular off center, square, hexagonal small, hexagonal medium, hexagonal large and the H beam. Each was explored with some considerations as to the utilities and a suggested evaluation factor methodology was presented. Scale models of each concept were made. The models were helpful in researching the seven beam configurations and determining the negative residual (unused) volume of each configuration. A flexible hardware evaluation factor concept is proposed which could be helpful in evaluating interior space volumes from a human factors point of view. A magnetic version with all the graphics is available from the author or the technical monitor.

Taylor, T. C.; Spencer, J. S.; Rocha, C. J.; Kahn, E.; Cliffton, E.; Carr, C.

1987-01-01

228

Geant4 models for space radiation environment.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The space radiation environment includes wide varieties of particles from electrons to heavy ions. In order to correctly predict the dose received by astronauts and devices the simulation models must have good applicability and produce accurate results from 10 MeV/u up to 10 GeV/u, where the most radioactive hazardous particles are present in the spectra. Appropriate models should also provide a good description of electromagnetic interactions down to very low energies (10 eV/u - 10 MeV/u) for understanding the damage mechanisms due to long-term low doses. Predictions of biological dose during long interplanetary journeys also need models for hadronic interactions of energetic heavy ions extending higher energies (10 GeV/u - 100 GeV/u, but possibly up to 1 TeV/u). Geant4 is a powerful toolkit, which in some areas well surpasses the needs from space radiation studies, while in other areas is being developed and/or validated to properly cover the modelling requirements outlined above. Our activities in ESA projects deal with the research and development of both Geant4 hadronic and electromagnetic physics. Recently the scope of verification tests and benchmarks has been extended. Hadronic tests and benchmarks run proton, pion, and ion interactions with matter at various energies. In the Geant4 hadronic sub-libraries, the most accurate cross sections have been identified and selected as a default for all particle types relevant to space applications. Significant developments were carried out for ion/ion interaction models. These now allow one to perform Geant4 simulations for all particle types and energies relevant to space applications. For the validation of ion models the hadronic testing suite for ion interactions was significantly extended. In this work the results of benchmarking versus data in a wide energy range for projectile protons and ions will be shown and discussed. Here we show results of the tests runs and their precision. Recommendations for Geant4 users will be given.

Ivantchenko, Anton; Nieminen, Petteri; Incerti, Sebastien; Santin, Giovanni; Ivantchenko, Vladimir; Grichine, Vladimir; Allison, John

229

Model reduction for Space Station Freedom  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Model reduction is an important practical problem in the control of flexible spacecraft, and a considerable amount of work has been carried out on this topic. Two of the best known methods developed are modal truncation and internal balancing. Modal truncation is simple to implement but can give poor results when the structure possesses clustered natural frequencies, as often occurs in practice. Balancing avoids this problem but has the disadvantages of high computational cost, possible numerical sensitivity problems, and no physical interpretation for the resulting balanced 'modes'. The purpose of this work is to examine the performance of the subsystem balancing technique developed by the investigator when tested on a realistic flexible space structure, in this case a model of the Permanently Manned Configuration (PMC) of Space Station Freedom. This method retains the desirable properties of standard balancing while overcoming the three difficulties listed above. It achieves this by first decomposing the structural model into subsystems of highly correlated modes. Each subsystem is approximately uncorrelated from all others, so balancing them separately and then combining yields comparable results to balancing the entire structure directly. The operation count reduction obtained by the new technique is considerable: a factor of roughly r(exp 2) if the system decomposes into r equal subsystems. Numerical accuracy is also improved significantly, as the matrices being operated on are of reduced dimension, and the modes of the reduced-order model now have a clear physical interpretation; they are, to first order, linear combinations of repeated-frequency modes.

Williams, Trevor

1992-01-01

230

Modeling utilization distributions in space and time.  

PubMed

W. Van Winkle defined the utilization distribution (UD) as a probability density that gives an animal's relative frequency of occurrence in a two-dimensional (x, y) plane. We extend Van Winkle's work by redefining the UD as the relative frequency distribution of an animal's occurrence in all four dimensions of space and time. We then describe a product kernel model estimation method, devising a novel kernel from the wrapped Cauchy distribution to handle circularly distributed temporal covariates, such as day of year. Using Monte Carlo simulations of animal movements in space and time, we assess estimator performance. Although not unbiased, the product kernel method yields models highly correlated (Pearson's r = 0.975) with true probabilities of occurrence and successfully captures temporal variations in density of occurrence. In an empirical example, we estimate the expected UD in three dimensions (x, y, and t) for animals belonging to each of two distinct bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) social groups in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Results show the method can yield ecologically informative models that successfully depict temporal variations in density of occurrence for a seasonally migratory species. Some implications of this new approach to UD modeling are discussed. PMID:19694144

Keating, Kim A; Cherry, Steve

2009-07-01

231

Modeling utilization distributions in space and time  

USGS Publications Warehouse

W. Van Winkle defined the utilization distribution (UD) as a probability density that gives an animal's relative frequency of occurrence in a two-dimensional (x, y) plane. We extend Van Winkle's work by redefining the UD as the relative frequency distribution of an animal's occurrence in all four dimensions of space and time. We then describe a product kernel model estimation method, devising a novel kernel from the wrapped Cauchy distribution to handle circularly distributed temporal covariates, such as day of year. Using Monte Carlo simulations of animal movements in space and time, we assess estimator performance. Although not unbiased, the product kernel method yields models highly correlated (Pearson's r - 0.975) with true probabilities of occurrence and successfully captures temporal variations in density of occurrence. In an empirical example, we estimate the expected UD in three dimensions (x, y, and t) for animals belonging to each of two distinct bighorn sheep {Ovis canadensis) social groups in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Results show the method can yield ecologically informative models that successfully depict temporal variations in density of occurrence for a seasonally migratory species. Some implications of this new approach to UD modeling are discussed. ?? 2009 by the Ecological Society of America.

Keating, K.A.; Cherry, S.

2009-01-01

232

Models of space averaged energetics of plates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The analysis of high frequency vibrations in plates is of particular interest in the study of structure borne noise in aircrafts. The current methods of analysis are either too expensive (finite element method) or may have a confidence band wider than desirable (Statistical Energy Analysis). An alternative technique to model the space and time averaged response of structural acoustics problems with enough detail to include all significant mechanisms of energy generation, transmission, and absorption is highly desirable. The focus of this paper is the development of a set of equations which govern the space and time averaged energy density in plates. To solve this equation, a new type of boundary value problem must be treated in terms of energy density variables using energy and intensity boundary conditions. A computer simulation verification study of the energy governing equation is performed. A finite element formulation of the new equations is also implemented and several test cases are analyzed and compared to analytical solutions.

Bouthier, O. M.; Bernhard, R. J.

1990-01-01

233

Space Exploration: Manned and Unmanned Flight. Aerospace Education III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, for use only in the Air Force ROTC training program, deals with the idea of space exploration. The possibility of going into space and subsequent moon landings have encouraged the government and scientists to formulate future plans in this field. Brief descriptions (mostly informative in nature) of these plans provide an account of…

Coard, E. A.

234

National Air and Space Museum Educational Programs: Online Activities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The staff at the National Air and Space Museum have worked tirelessly to create these nice online activities for people seeking to learn about aviation, space photography, and the basic principles of flight. There are six separate activities here, including Geography From Space, Airplane Anatomy, and the planetary CyberCenter. Visitors should start with the Geography From Space area. Here they test their mettle as they are guided through a variety of high-altitude photographs of the Earth taken from space and asked to correctly identify each area. The Airplane Anatomy contains a series of activities focused on the Wright brothers and the first airplane. Other activities, such as Black Wings and America by Air, take a more historical view of aviation, while How Things Fly teaches students the basic principles of flight.

235

Cognitive engineering models in space systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA space systems, including mission operations on the ground and in space, are complex, dynamic, predominantly automated systems in which the human operator is a supervisory controller. Models of cognitive functions in complex systems are needed to describe human performance and form the theoretical basis of operator workstation design, including displays, controls, and decision aids. Currently, there several candidate modeling methodologies. They include the Rasmussen abstraction/aggregation hierarchy and decision ladder, the goal-means network, the problem behavior graph, and the operator function model. The research conducted under the sponsorship of this grant focuses on the extension of the theoretical structure of the operator function model and its application to NASA Johnson mission operations and space station applications. The initial portion of this research consists of two parts. The first is a series of technical exchanges between NASA Johnson and Georgia Tech researchers. The purpose is to identify candidate applications for the current operator function model; prospects include mission operations and the Data Management System Testbed. The second portion will address extensions of the operator function model to tailor it to the specific needs of Johnson applications. At this point, we have accomplished two things. During a series of conversations with JSC researchers, we have defined the technical goal of the research supported by this grant to be the structural definition of the operator function model and its computer implementation, OFMspert. Both the OFM and OFMspert have matured to the point that they require infrastructure to facilitate use by researchers not involved in the evolution of the tools. The second accomplishment this year was the identification of the Payload Deployment and Retrieval System (PDRS) as a candidate system for the case study. In conjunction with government and contractor personnel in the Human-Computer Interaction Lab, the PDRS was identified as the most accessible system for the demonstration. Pursuant to this a PDRS simulation was obtained from the HCIL and an initial knowledge engineering effort was conducted to understand the operator's tasks in the PDRS application. The preliminary results of the knowledge engineering effort and an initial formulation of an operator function model (OFM) are contained in the appendices.

Mitchell, Christine M.

1993-01-01

236

Space Weather Models at the CCMC And Their Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) is a US inter-agency activity aiming at research in support of the generation of advanced space weather models. As one of its main functions, the CCMC provides to researchers the use of space science models, even if they are not model owners themselves. The second focus of CCMC activities is on validation and verification of space weather models, and on the transition of appropriate models to space weather forecast centers. As part of the latter activity, the CCMC develops real-time simulation systems that stress models through routine execution. A by-product of these real-time calculations is the ability to derive model products, which may be useful for space weather operators. In this presentation, we will provide an overview of the community-provided, space weather-relevant, model suite, which resides at CCMC. We will discuss current capabilities, and analyze expected future developments of space weather related modeling.

Hesse, Michael; Rastatter, Lutz; MacNeice, Peter; Kuznetsova, Masha

2007-01-01

237

Model-Based Trade Space Exploration for Near-Earth Space Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We developed a capability for model-based trade space exploration to be used in the conceptual design of Earth-orbiting space missions. We have created a set of reusable software components to model various subsystems and aspects of space missions. Several example mission models were created to test the tools and process. This technique and toolset has demonstrated itself to be valuable for space mission architectural design.

Cohen, Ronald H.; Boncyk, Wayne; Brutocao, James; Beveridge, Iain

2005-01-01

238

Prevention of Spacecraft Anomalies: The Role of Space Climate and Space Weather Models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space-based systems are developing into critical infrastructure to support the quality of life on Earth. Mission requirements along with rapidly evolving technologies have outpaced efforts to accommodate detrimental space environment impacts on systems. This chapter describes approaches to accommodate space climate and space weather impacts on systems and notes areas where gaps in model development limit our ability to prevent spacecraft anomalies.

Barth, Janet L.

2003-01-01

239

TUWmodel: an educational hydrologic model in R  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to show the advantages of using hydrologic models in R environment, particularly for educational purposes, we have implemented a conceptual rainfall-runoff model, originally written in Fortran language into R. This hydrologic model is used in many scientific studies and operational engineering applications in Austria. The model consisting of a snow, a soil moisture and a flow routing routine and run on a daily time step in a lumped or a semi-lumped way. The R environment allows to compile and use this model on different platforms and operating system, taking advantage of many additional routines already available in R (i.e. visualisation or optimisation tools). In this poster we present a set of examples that are used in a graduate level course on engineering hydrology at the Vienna University of Technology, which include: - Multi-objective calibration of the model; - Manual vs. automatic calibration; - Visualisation of model outputs and efficiencies; - Model application in ungauged catchments; - Operational runoff forecast. The flexibility of R is ideal for education, since students can easily play with the extensive list of existing functionalities and define new functions and extensions.

Parajka, J.; Rogger, M.; Kobler, U.; Salinas, J.; Nester, T.; Bloeschl, G.

2013-12-01

240

Regendering space and reconstructing identity: Bedouin women's translocal mobility into Israeli-Jewish institutions of higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a geographic perspective on the mutually constitutive relations between institutions of higher education and Bedouin women's gendered spaces, identities and roles. Situated beyond Bedouin women's permitted space and embedded in Israeli-Jewish space, institutions of higher education are sites of displacement that present Bedouin women students with new normative structures, social interactions and opportunities for academic learning. As

Sarab Abu-Rabia-Queder; Yuval Karplus

2012-01-01

241

Is work in education child's play? Understanding risks to educators arising from work organization and design of work spaces.  

PubMed

The educational sector exposes its primarily female work force to numerous psychosocial risk factors. At the request of the education workers', ergonomists developed a participatory research project in order to understand the determinants of the difficulties experienced by special education technicians. These technicians work with students presenting behavioral and learning difficulties as well as developmental and mental health problems. Eighteen technicians were interviewed and the work of seven technicians and two teachers was observed. Technicians prevent and manage crisis situations and help students acquire social skills. Coordination with teachers is made difficult by the fact that most technicians work part time, part year, and many technicians' work areas and classrooms are physically distant one from another. Most technicians change schools each year and must continually reconstruct work teams. Management strategies and poorly adapted working spaces can have important repercussions on coordination among educators and on technicians' capacity to help students and prevent aggressive behavior. PMID:17434862

Seifert, Ana María

2007-01-01

242

Space technology putting it in the educational perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the precepts of the company was to provide educators with practical, innovative, and manageable audio-visual teaching aids in a wide spectrum of educational fields, but primarily geography, geology and social science. A pilot slide set was prepared, demonstrating primary areas along the entire length of the San Andreas Fault Zone in California and Mexico. This set utilized several NASA infrared research aircraft photos, to more clearly delineate fault traces. A decision was made to mount a massive program of repackaging NASA generated infrared aircraft imagery into topical teaching sets.

Hankins, D. B.

1975-01-01

243

Mission leverage education: NSU/NASA innovative undergraduate model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The BEST Lab (Center for Excellence in Science Education), the Center for Materials Research (CMR), and the Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science (CS) Departments at Norfolk State University (NSU) joined forces to implement MiLEN(2) IUM - an innovative approach tu integrate current and emerging research into the undergraduate curricula and train students on NASA-related fields. An Earth Observing System (EOS) mission was simulated where students are educated and trained in many aspects of Remote Sensing: detector physics and spectroscopy; signal processing; data conditioning, analysis, visualization; and atmospheric science. This model and its continued impact is expected to significantly enhance the quality of the Mathematics, Science, Engineering and Technology (MSET or SMET) educational experience and to inspire students from historically underrepresented groups to pursue careers in NASA-related fields. MiLEN(2) IUM will be applicable to other higher education institutions that are willing to make the commitment to this endeavor in terms of faculty interest and space.

Chaudhury, S. Raj; Shaw, Paula R. D.

2005-01-01

244

Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Government schools in Congo kinshasa are not providing quality education to the masses since many years, and this phenomenon has not escaped the eyes of experts, activists, and policy makers. However, there seems to be a general perception that the main, and sometimes even the sole, source of this problem are the low levels of government expenditure of education. And to prove their case supports of this view cite educational expenditure to GDP ratios in Congo kinshasa in comparison with that of some other nations. Though there may be reasonable arguments to increase the level of government expenditure on education, such hijacking of public debate to focus on - the level of expenditure - often overlooks more important issues. Contrary to common perception the level of per student expenditure on government schools in Delhi is reasonable, ranging from Fc.6000 to Fc.12000 p.a. There are a number of organisational deficiencies which do not create checks and balances for appropriate utilization of fund. Moreover, the division of these funds among social groups and for different purposes is also questionable. Though, female literacy lags significantly behind male literacy, about 15% points, extra resources provided for female education are insignificant. And in some schemes such as the one run for 'street children' and 'child labourers', large amounts are budgeted year after year without a single French congolese being spent. Also government schools catering to richer regions of Kinshasa seem to be spending more per child as compared to the poorer counterparts. The paper also proposes an education voucher model, which may have the potential to address some of the issues raised in the paper. Trends in expenditure under some schemes have been studied in relation to the purpose of expenditure. The issue of government expenditure on education is a complex one, and public space should be utilized to discuss them as they are, rather than reducing discussion to dogmatic wars aimed at increasing the levels of expenditure. Though, one may agree or disagree with the methods and findings of the author, hopefully the paper highlight the complexity of the issue at hand, and the need to understand the institutional deficiencies and allocative inefficiencies in government expenditure on education.

Lundja, J. O.; Decrosta, J. T.; Lechuga, P.

2009-05-01

245

A Trade Space Model for Robotic Lunar Exploration  

E-print Network

A Trade Space Model for Robotic Lunar Exploration Zachary James Bailey, David W. Miller June 2010 SSL # 11-10 #12;#12;A Trade Space Model for Robotic Lunar Exploration Zachary James Bailey, David W of Technology. #12;2 #12;A Trade Space Model for Robotic Lunar Exploration by Zachary James Bailey Submitted

246

Sudanese Migrants in the Khartoum Area: Fighting for Educational Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the situation of the internally displaced persons from Southern Sudan living in and around the capital and their experience with the dominant Islamic discourse, and particularly the educational discourse of the ruling National Congress (NC). Based on qualitative field data, the article explores the opposing discourses between…

Breidlid, A.

2005-01-01

247

What Counts as Educational Research? Spaces, Boundaries and Alliances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author explores practices and economies of learning that make visible particular practices where educational work is embedded in places other than schools, colleges and universities, or at least in complex interaction with them. To do this, she draws on a body of work she has been involved with over the past ten years,…

Lee, Alison

2010-01-01

248

Astrobiology can help space science, education and the economy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astrobiology is a subject dedicated to understanding the origin, evolution and distribution of life. Astrobiology is a multidisciplinary discipline within which useful information comes from a variety of environments and from a myriad of techniques. The challenges of the Global Exploration Roadmap contain intrinsic astrobiology questions and opportunities. The potential astrobiology returns include scientific, educational and economic benefits.

Sephton, M. A.

2014-08-01

249

Rhizomatic Mapping: Spaces for Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Philosopher Gilles Deleuze and psychoanalyst Felix Guattari's figuration of the rhizome describes structures that are non-hierarchical and open-ended. Rhizomatic analyses are increasingly being adopted in educational research to challenge traditional power structures, give voice to those previously unheard and open issues in messy but…

Grellier, Jane

2013-01-01

250

Teacher Language Awareness Education and Pedagogy: A New Discursive Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to recontextualise the dimensions of teacher language awareness (LA) highlighted by Svalberg ((2007) "Language awareness and language learning." "Language Teaching," 40, 287-308) by emphasising the role of pedagogy in achieving coherence in language education across the subjects of English (L1) and Modern Languages (FL). It…

Pomphrey, Cathy; Burley, Suzanne

2009-01-01

251

Cartographies: Graduate Education, SOTL and the Third Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the ways in which the scholarship of teaching and learning (SOTL) can be integrated into graduate education in the humanities to support future faculty preparation in teaching. Drawing on data from a multi-year project at a research-1 institution in the United States, and theories from postmodern geography and postcolonial…

Tremonte, Colleen M.

2012-01-01

252

The Arts and Civic Space: An Experiment in Community Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: While the arts are being elbowed out of school curricula, new community-based education venues for the arts are emerging in cities across the country. This article describes Richard Hugo House, an arts center for creative writing in Seattle, which attracts people of different ages and sociocultural backgrounds who participate…

McCue, Frances

2007-01-01

253

The evolution of the WPI Advance Space Design Program-an evolving program of technical and social analysis using the NASA Space Shuttle for engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December of 1982, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, with the cooperation and support of the Mitre Corporation, initiated a primarily undergraduate educational program to develop experiments to be flown onboard a NASA Space Shuttle. Christened the MITRE WPI Space Shuttle Program, it sponsored the development of five educationally meritorious experiments over a period of four years. Although the experiments were ready

Fred J. Looft; Robert C. Labonte; William W. Durgin

1991-01-01

254

"Amazing Space": Creating Educational Resources from Current Scientific Research Results from the Hubble Space Telescope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Amazing Space program which is designed to enhance student mathematics, science, and technology skills using recent data and results from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Hubble Space Telescope mission. Explains the process of designing multi-media resources in a five-week summer workshop that partners…

Christian, C. A.; Eisenhamer, B.; Eisenhamer, Jonathan; Teays, Terry

2001-01-01

255

Model verification of large structural systems. [space shuttle model response  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program for the application of parameter identification on the structural dynamic models of space shuttle and other large models with hundreds of degrees of freedom is described. Finite element, dynamic, analytic, and modal models are used to represent the structural system. The interface with math models is such that output from any structural analysis program applied to any structural configuration can be used directly. Processed data from either sine-sweep tests or resonant dwell tests are directly usable. The program uses measured modal data to condition the prior analystic model so as to improve the frequency match between model and test. A Bayesian estimator generates an improved analytical model and a linear estimator is used in an iterative fashion on highly nonlinear equations. Mass and stiffness scaling parameters are generated for an improved finite element model, and the optimum set of parameters is obtained in one step.

Lee, L. T.; Hasselman, T. K.

1978-01-01

256

Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Issues for Large Space Structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topics concerning the modeling, analysis, and optimization of large space structures are discussed including structure-control interaction, structural and structural dynamics modeling, thermal analysis, testing, and design.

Pinson, L. D. (compiler); Amos, A. K. (comp..); Venkayya, V. B. (compiler)

1983-01-01

257

Research on Effective Models for Teacher Education. Teacher Education Yearbook VIII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This yearbook addresses the nation's need to train and retain good teachers, exploring exemplary practices in teacher education. There are four sections divided into 12 chapters. The book begins with a forward, "Research on Effective Models for Teacher Education: Powerful Teacher Education Programs" (E.M. Guyton). Section 1, "Models for Enhancing…

McIntyre, D. John, Ed.; Byrd, David M., Ed.

258

A Space Operations Network Alternative: Using the Globally Connected Research and Education Networks for Space-based Science Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Earth based networking in support of various space agency projects has been based on leased service/circuits which has a high associated cost. This cost is almost always taken from the science side resulting in less science. This is a proposal to use Research and Education Networks (RENs) worldwide to support space flight operations in general and space-based science operations in particular. The RENs were developed to support scientific and educational endeavors. They do not provide support for general Internet traffic. The connectivity and performance of the research and education networks is superb. The connectivity at Layer 3 (IP) virtually encompasses the globe. Most third world countries and all developed countries have their own research and education networks, which are connected globally. Performance of the RENs especially in the developed countries is exceptional. Bandwidth capacity currently exists and future expansion promises that this capacity will continue. REN performance statistics has always exceeded minimum requirements for spaceflight support. Research and Education networks are more loosely managed than a corporate network but are highly managed when compared to the commodity Internet. Management of RENs on an international level is accomplished by the International Network Operations Center at Indiana University at Indianapolis. With few exceptions, each regional and national REN has its own network ops center. The acceptable use policies (AUP), although differing by country, allows any scientific program or project the use of their networks. Once in compliance with the first RENs AUP, all others will accept that specific traffic including regional and transoceanic networks. RENs can support spaceflight related scientific programs and projects. Getting the science to the researcher is obviously key to any scientific project. RENs provide a pathway to virtually any college or university in the world, as well as many governmental institutes and science centers. RENs are not to be used for mission critical types of network traffic, even though RENs performance characteristics would support it.

Bradford, Robert N.

2006-01-01

259

New FINESSE Faculty Institutes for NASA Earth and Space Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a systematic effort to improve the preparation of future science teachers, scholars coordinated by the CAPER Center for Astronomy & Physics Education Research are providing a series of high-quality, 2-day professional development workshops, with year-round follow-up support, for college and university professors who prepare future science teachers to work with highly diverse student populations. These workshops focus on reforming and revitalizing undergraduate science teaching methods courses and Earth and Space science content courses that future teachers most often take to reflect contemporary pedagogies and data-rich problem-based learning approaches steeped in authentic scientific inquiry, which consistently demonstrate effectiveness with diverse students. Participants themselves conduct science data-rich research projects during the institutes using highly regarded approaches to inquiry using proven models. In addition, the Institute allocates significant time to illustrating best practices for working with diverse students. Moreover, participants leave with a well-formulated action plan to reform their courses targeting future teachers to include more data-rich scientific inquiry lessons and to be better focused on improving science education for a wide diversity of students. Through these workshops faculty use a backwards faded scaffolding mechanism for working inquiry into a deeper understanding of science by using existing on-line data to develop and research astronomy, progressing from creating a valid and easily testable question, to simple data analysis, arriving at a conclusion, and finally presenting and supporting that conclusion in the classroom. An updated schedule is available at FINESSEProgram.org

Slater, Timothy F.; Slater, Stephanie; Marshall, Sunette Sophia; Stork, Debra; Pomeroy, J. Richard R

2014-06-01

260

A new mathematical model in space optimization: A case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most of higher education institutions provide certain area known as learning centre for their students to study or having group discussions. However, some of the learning centers are not provided by optimum number of tables and seats to accommodate the students sufficiently. This study proposed a new mathematical model in optimizing the number of tables and seats at Laman Najib, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Shah Alam. An improvement of space capacity with maximum number of students who can facilitate the Laman Najib at the same time has been made by considering the type and size of tables that are appropriate for student's discussions. Our finding is compared with the result of Simplex method of linear programming to ensure that our new model is valid and consistent with other existing approaches. As a conclusion, we found that the round-type tables with six seats provide the maximum number of students who can use Laman Najib for their discussions or group studying. Both methods are also practical to use as alternative approaches in solving other space optimization problems.

Abdullah, Kamilah; Kamis, Nor Hanimah; Sha'ari, Nor Shahida; Muhammad Halim, Nurul Suhada; Hashim, Syaril Naqiah

2013-04-01

261

NASA Aquarius: Sea Surface Salinity from Space Education & Public Outreach  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Aquarius is a focused satellite mission to measure global sea surface salinity. Launching in 2009, this mission will provide the first global map of sea surface salinity with unprecedented accuracy, resolution and coverage. The importance of salinity measurements in understanding coastal ocean processes is critical. Because of its dynamic range in the coastal oceans, salinity is a critical factor in understanding and predicting biological and physical processes and their interactions with the food Web, climate, and global water cycle. AquariusâÂÂs pioneering efforts to deliver the âÂÂmissing pieces of the climate puzzleâ will undoubtedly intrigue informal audiences via the activities and information contained in this Website. Moreover, climate and its influence on humankind is an integral part of K-16 formal education and common to national learning standards. The goal of the Education and Outreach component of Aquarius is to teach fundamental concepts about salinity variations and the role these changes play in controlling global ocean circulation and EarthâÂÂs climate. Education products will appear as modules addressing the missionâÂÂs goals and purpose, augment existing El Nino/La Nina materials with salinity based content, provide on-line interactive tools demonstrating environmental change through data sets and in situ time-series analysis, and engage students in activities designed to demonstrate salt-water interactions.

Decharon, Annette

2010-10-04

262

Model space truncation in shell-model fits  

E-print Network

We carry out an interacting shell-model study of binding energies and spectra in the $sd$-shell nuclei to examine the effect of truncation of the shell-model spaces. Starting with a Hamiltonian defined in a larger space and truncating to the $sd$ shell, the binding energies are strongly affected by the truncation, but the effect on the excitation energies is an order of magnitude smaller. We then refit the matrix elements of the two-particle interaction to compensate for the space truncation, and find that it is easy to capture 90% of the binding energy shifts by refitting a few parameters. With the full parameter space of the two-particle Hamiltonian, we find that both the binding energies and the excitation energy can be fitted with remaining residual error about 5% of the average error from the truncation. Numerically, the rms initial error associated with our Hamiltonian is 3.4 MeV and the remaining residual error is 0.16 MeV. This is comparable to the empirical error found in $sd$-shell interacting shell model fits to experimental data\\cite{br06}.

G. F. Bertsch; C. W. Johnson

2009-07-07

263

Education Module: Space Technology is Used to Observe and Measure Tectonic Motion of the Earth's Surface  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational resource, provided by the Southern California Integrated Global Positioning System (GPS) Network, provides instruction, exercises, and projects that illustrate how space technologies are used to predict and measure earthquakes. Using these resources, students can learn about plate tectonics, earthquakes, and satellite technologies. These resources are intended for secondary school or undergraduate students, but the explanations are simple enough that educators of younger children may be interested in using them.

1969-12-31

264

Education Module: Space Technology is Used to Observe and Measure Tectonic Motion of the Earth's Sur  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational resource, provided by the Southern California Integrated Global Positioning System (GPS) Network, provides instruction, exercises, and projects that illustrate how space technologies are used to predict and measure earthquakes. Using these resources, students can learn about plate tectonics, earthquakes, and satellite technologies. These resources are intended for secondary school or undergraduate students, but the explanations are simple enough that educators of younger children may be interested in using them.

2008-01-18

265

Inquiry-Based Learning in Remote Sensing: A Space Balloon Educational Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching remote sensing in higher education has been traditionally restricted in lecture and computer-aided laboratory activities. This paper presents and evaluates an engaging inquiry-based educational experiment. The experiment was incorporated in an introductory remote sensing undergraduate course to bridge the gap between theory and application of relevant technology. During this semester-long experiment, titled ‘ESF goes to space’, students designed, built,

Giorgos Mountrakis; Dimitrios Triantakonstantis

2012-01-01

266

New Space Weather and Space Environment Data Dissemination Tools from the Space Weather Laboratory and the Community Coordinated Modeling Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Space Weather Laboratory, and the Community Coordinated Modeling Center at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, have developed new tools to disseminate space weather and space environment information to end-users. These include a new web-based data streaming service for space weather simulation data, a new web-based interactive time series visualization for arbitrary time series data, and a new iPhone app for the integrated Space Weather Analysis System (iSWA). We highlight the technical challenges associated with each of these efforts and demonstrate the new services.

Berrios, D.; Mullinix, R. E.; Maddox, M. M.; Rastaetter, L.; Doria, S.

2010-12-01

267

Space Weather Products at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) is a US inter-agency activity aiming at research in support of the generation of advanced space weather models. As one of its main functions, the CCMC provides to researchers the use of space science models, even if they are not model owners themselves. The second CCMC activity is to support Space Weather forecasting at national Space Weather Forecasting Centers. This second activity involves model evaluations, model transitions to operations, and the development of space weather forecasting tools. Owing to the pace of development in the science community, new model capabilities emerge frequently. Consequently, space weather products and tools involve not only increased validity, but often entirely new capabilities. This presentation will review the present state of space weather tools as well as point out emerging future capabilities.

Hesse, Michael; Kuznetsova, M.; Pulkkinen, A.; Maddox, M.; Rastaetter, L.; Berrios, D.; MacNeice, P.

2010-01-01

268

Proposal of a quality model for educational software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extensive application of ICTs in education during the last years has caused that several authors suggested different approaches, criteria and tools for evaluation of educational software. After reviewing some of them, the present document shows a proposal of a quality model for educational software based on international standards, but adapted to teaching environment. This model allows to unify criteria

I. Plaza; J. J. Marcuello; R. Igual; F. Arcega

2009-01-01

269

Planetarium inversum — A space vision for earth education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a planetarium, the visitor is sitting on Earth and looking into an imaginary space. The Planetarium Inversum is the opposite: visitors are sitting in a space station, looking down on Mother Earth. It is a scientifically-based information show with visitors involvement, its elements being partially virtual (Earth in space has to be projected with highest possible resolution) but also containing real structures, such as the visitors` Earth observatory with adjacent biological systems (plant cultures and other ecological life support components). Its main message concerns the limits and the vulnerability of our home planet, its uniqueness, beauty and above all, its irreplaceableness: Earth does not have an emergency exit. The Earth observatory is part of a ring shaped, rotating space station of the type designed by Wernher von Braun decades ago. Visitors are told that gravity is being substituted by centrifugal force. Both types of life support systems are being demonstrated — self regenerative life based ones and technical ones as a backup (solar electric splitting of water and chemical absorption of respiratory CO 2).

Lötsch, B.

270

NASA education briefs for the classroom. Metrics in space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of metric measurement in space is summarized for classroom use. Advantages of the metric system over the English measurement system are described. Some common metric units are defined, as are special units for astronomical study. International system unit prefixes and a conversion table of metric/English units are presented. Questions and activities for the classroom are recommended.

271

NASA education briefs for the classroom. Metrics in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of metric measurement in space is summarized for classroom use. Advantages of the metric system over the English measurement system are described. Some common metric units are defined, as are special units for astronomical study. International system unit prefixes and a conversion table of metric/English units are presented. Questions and activities for the classroom are recommended.

1982-01-01

272

International Space Station Crew Return Vehicle: X-38. Educational Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Space Station (ISS) will provide the world with an orbiting laboratory that will have long-duration micro-gravity experimentation capability. The crew size for this facility will depend upon the crew return capability. The first crews will consist of three astronauts from Russia and the United States. The crew is limited to three…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

273

Avenues for Scientist Involvement in Earth and Space Science Education and Public Outreach (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) Science Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) Forums are charged with engaging, extending, supporting, and coordinating the community of E/PO professionals and scientists involved in Earth and space science education activities. This work is undertaken to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of the overall national NASA science education and outreach effort made up of individual efforts run by these education professionals. This includes facilitating scientist engagement in education and outreach. A number of resources and opportunities for involvement are available for scientists involved in - or interested in being involved in - education or outreach. The Forums provide opportunities for earth and space scientists to stay informed, communicate, collaborate, leverage existing programs and partnerships, and become more skilled education practitioners. Interested scientists can receive newsletters, participate in monthly calls, interact through an online community workspace, and attend E/PO strategic meetings. The Forums also provide professional development opportunities on a myriad of topics, from common pre-conceptions in science, to program evaluation, to delivering effective workshops. Thematic approaches, such as Earth Science Week (http://www.earthsciweek.org), and the Year of the Solar System (http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/yss) are coordinated by the Forums; through these efforts resources are presented topically, in a manner that can be easily ported into diverse learning environments. Information about the needs of audiences with which scientists interact - higher education, K-12 education, informal education, and public - are provided by SMD's Audience-Based Working Groups. Their findings and recommendations are made available to inform the activities and products of E/PO providers so they are able to better serve these audiences. Also available is a 'one-stop shop' of SMD E/PO products and resources that can be used in conjunction with E/PO activities, NASA Wavelength (http://nasawavelength.org). Further supporting higher-education efforts, the Forums coordinate a network of science faculty, bringing them together at science conferences to share resources and experiences and to discuss pertinent education research. An online higher education clearinghouse, EarthSpace (http://www.lpi.usra.edu/earthspace), has been developed to provide faculty with news and funding information, the latest education research and resources for teaching undergraduates, and undergraduate course materials, including lectures, labs, and homework. This presentation will explore the Science E/PO Forums' pathways and tools available to support scientists involved in - or interested in being involved in - E/PO.

Peticolas, L. M.; Gross, N. A.; Hsu, B. C.; Shipp, S. S.; Buxner, S.; Schwerin, T. G.; Smith, D.; Meinke, B. K.

2013-12-01

274

Physical space and cosmology. I: Model  

E-print Network

The nature of the physical space seems the most important subject in physics. A present paper proceeds from the assumption of physical reality of space contrary to the standard view of the space as a purely relational nonexistence - void. The space and its evolution are the primary sources of phenomena in Mega- and micro-worlds. Thus cosmology and particle physics have the same active agent - physical space.

Valeriy P. Polulyakh

2011-02-01

275

Space market model development project, phase 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the prototype operations of the Space Business Information Center are presented. A clearinghouse for space business information for members of the U.S. space industry composed of public, private, and academic sectors was conducted. Behavioral and evaluation statistics were recorded from the clearinghouse and the conclusions from these statistics are presented. Business guidebooks on major markets in space business are discussed. Proprietary research and briefings for firms and agencies in the space industry are also discussed.

Bishop, Peter C.

1988-01-01

276

Twelve Years of Education and Public Outreach with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past twelve years, NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has supported a wide range of Education and Public Outreach (E/PO) activities, targeting K-14 students and the general public. The purpose of the Fermi E/PO program is to increase student and public understanding of the science of the high-energy Universe, through inspiring, engaging and educational activities linked to the mission’s science objectives. The E/PO program has additional more general goals, including increasing the diversity of students in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) pipeline, and increasing public awareness and understanding of Fermi science and technology. Fermi's multi-faceted E/PO program includes elements in each major outcome category: ? Higher Education: Fermi E/PO promotes STEM careers through the use of NASA data including research experiences for students and teachers (Global Telescope Network), education through STEM curriculum development projects (Cosmology curriculum) and through enrichment activities (Large Area Telescope simulator). ? Elementary and Secondary education: Fermi E/PO links the science objectives of the Fermi mission to well-tested, customer-focused and NASA-approved standards-aligned classroom materials (Black Hole Resources, Active Galaxy Education Unit and Pop-up book, TOPS guides, Supernova Education Unit). These materials have been distributed through (Educator Ambassador and on-line) teacher training workshops and through programs involving under-represented students (after-school clubs and Astro 4 Girls). ? Informal education and public outreach: Fermi E/PO engages the public in sharing the experience of exploration and discovery through high-leverage multi-media experiences (Black Holes planetarium and PBS NOVA shows), through popular websites (Gamma-ray Burst Skymap, Epo's Chronicles), social media (Facebook, MySpace), interactive web-based activities (Space Mysteries, Einstein@Home) and activities by amateur astronomers nation-wide (Supernova! Toolkit). This poster highlights various facets of the Fermi E/PO program.

Cominsky, Lynn R.; McLin, K. M.; Simonnet, A.; Fermi E/PO Team

2013-04-01

277

Young engineers and scientists - a mentorship program emphasizing space education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Young Engineers and Scientists (YES) is a community partnership between Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), and local high schools in San Antonio, Texas (USA) during the past 16 years. The YES program provides talented high school juniors and seniors a bridge between classroom instruction and real world, research experiences in physical sciences (including space science) and engineering. The first component of YES is an intensive three-week summer workshop held at SwRI where students experience the research environment first-hand; develop skills and acquire tools for solving scientific problems, attend mini-courses and seminars on electronics, computers and the Internet, careers, science ethics, and other topics; and select individual research projects to be completed during the academic year. Afterwards, students complete individual research projects under the guidance of their mentors during the academic year and earn honors credit. At the end of the school year, students publicly present and display their work, acknowledging their accomplishments and spreading career awareness to other students and teachers. During these years, YES has developed a website for topics in space science from the perspective of high school students, including NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission (MMS) (http://yesserver.space.swri.edu). High school science teachers participate in the workshop and develop space-related lessons for classroom presentation in the academic year. Student evaluations indicate the effectiveness of YES on their academic preparation and choice of college majors. Over the past 16 years, all YES graduates have entered college, several have worked for SwRI, one business has started, and three scientific publications have resulted. Acknowledgements. We acknowledge funding and support from the NASA MMS Mission, Texas Space Grant Consortium, Northside Independent School District, SwRI, and several local charitable foundations.

Boice, Daniel; Asbell, Elaine; Reiff, Patricia

278

Space-Based Astronomy: An Educator Guide with Activities for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This educator's guide features activities for science, mathematics, and technology education. The activities in this curriculum guide were developed based on the hands-on approach. The guide starts with introductory information and is followed by five units: (1) "The Atmospheric Filter"; (2) "The Electromagnetic Spectrum"; (3) "Collecting…

Vogt, Gregory L.

279

Thinking Comprehensively about Education: Spaces of Educative Possibility and Their Implications for Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much is known about the critical importance of educative experiences outside of school, little is known about the social systems, community programs, and everyday practices that can facilitate learning outside of the classroom. "Thinking Comprehensively About Education" sheds much-needed light on those systems, programs, and practices;…

Dixon-Roman, Ezekiel, Ed.; Gordon, Edmund W., Ed.

2012-01-01

280

Model Checking Partial State Spaces with 3Valued Temporal Logics  

E-print Network

Model Checking Partial State Spaces with 3­Valued Temporal Logics (Extended Abstract) Glenn Bruns the problem of relating the result of model check­ ing a partial state space of a system to the properties actually possessed by the system. We represent incomplete state spaces as partial Kripke structures

Bruns, Glenn

281

Emergent General Relativity in Fuzzy Spaces from Tensor Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tensor models can be regarded as theories of dynamical fuzzy spaces, and provide background independent theories of space. Their classical solutions correspond to classical background spaces, and the small fluctuations around them can be regarded as fluctuations of fields in them. In this paper, I numerically study a tensor model around its classical backgrounds of two-, three- and four-dimensional fuzzy

Naoki Sasakura

2008-01-01

282

Model space diabatization for quantum photochemistry.  

PubMed

Diabatization is a procedure that transforms multiple adiabatic electronic states to a new representation in which the potential energy surfaces and the couplings between states due to the electronic Hamiltonian operator are smooth, and the couplings due to nuclear momentum are negligible. In this work, we propose a simple and general diabatization strategy, called model space diabatization, that is applicable to multi-configuration quasidegenerate perturbation theory (MC-QDPT) or its extended version (XMC-QDPT). An advantage over previous diabatization schemes is that dynamical correlation calculations are based on standard post-multi-configurational self-consistent field (MCSCF) multi-state methods even though the diabatization is based on state-averaged MCSCF results. The strategy is illustrated here by applications to LiH, LiF, and thioanisole, with the fourfold-way diabatization and XMC-QDPT, and the results illustrate its validity. PMID:25681886

Li, Shaohong L; Truhlar, Donald G; Schmidt, Michael W; Gordon, Mark S

2015-02-14

283

Connecting in Space: Docking with the International Space Station. Educational Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief discusses the space shuttle and the docking procedures used with the International Space Station (ISS). Using this activity designed for grades 5-12, students demonstrate and identify procedures for determining the best method for completing the docking activity. Students will also study and identify Newton's Laws of Motion. A mockup…

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

284

CFD Modeling Activities at the NASA Stennis Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on NASA Stennis Space Center's Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Modeling activities is shown. The topics include: 1) Overview of NASA Stennis Space Center; 2) Role of Computational Modeling at NASA-SSC; 3) Computational Modeling Tools and Resources; and 4) CFD Modeling Applications.

Allgood, Daniel

2007-01-01

285

Dynamic Analysis of Space Station Freedom Assembly via Continuum Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The initial assembly of Space Station Freedom involves the Space Shuttle and its remote manipulating system (RMS), modeling and analysis of which is made formidable by kinematic and joint nonlinearities. In this paper, continuum models are used instead of finite element models because of the improved accuracy, reduced number of system parameters, the avoidance of the model order reduction and

Lawrence W. Taylor; Jayant Ramakrishnan

1993-01-01

286

Space Weather Modeling Framework: A new tool for the space science community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Space Weather Modeling Framework (SWMF) provides a high-performance flexible framework for physics-based space weather simulations, as well as for various space physics applications. The SWMF integrates numerical models of the Solar Corona, Eruptive Event Generator, Inner Heliosphere, Solar Energetic Particles, Global Magnetosphere, Inner Magnetosphere, Radiation Belt, Ionosphere Electrodynamics, and Upper Atmosphere into a high-performance coupled model. The components can

Gábor Tóth; Igor V. Sokolov; Tamas I. Gombosi; David R. Chesney; C. Robert Clauer; Darren L. De Zeeuw; Kenneth C. Hansen; Kevin J. Kane; Ward B. Manchester; Robert C. Oehmke; Aaron J. Ridley; Ilia I. Roussev; Quentin F. Stout; Ovsei Volberg; Richard A. Wolf; Stanislav Sazykin; Anthony Chan; Bin Yu; József Kóta

2005-01-01

287

Promoting Space Education and Awareness in Pakistan- Initiatives, Achievements, Challenges and Issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With about 180 million inhabitants, Pakistan is the sixth most populous and the 34th largest country in the world in terms of area. Pakistan's economy, which is pre-dominantly based on agriculture, is the 26th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power parity and 45th largest in terms of nominal GDP. Pakistan is counted among the Next Eleven (N11) countries that have the potential to become the world's largest economies in the 21st century. Despite considerable potential to develop into a stable, moderate and democratic state, major challenges of internal security, poor agricultural productivity, inadequate infrastructure, food insecurity, insufficient health and educational facilities, depletion of natural resources, rapid environmental degradation and recurring natural disasters have burdened the country and have hampered sustainable development of Pakistan. Space technology applications offer a cost-effective means of addressing many of the above mentioned issues and have made impressive advances in the last few years in different countries in the region. Unfortunately, for various reasons, Pakistan has not been able to fully exploit the benefits of space technology and its applications to meet the challenges she faces. One of the reasons is lack of awareness and understanding by planners, decision-makers and users about the potential benefits of space technology in planning and implementation of developmental plans as well as good governance. Similarly, Pakistan's space program enjoys little public support due, primarily, to lack of awareness of the benefits space offers and the ubiquitousness of space applications in modern life. There is thus an acute need to create awareness and educate all segments of the society and stakeholders in Pakistan about the potential benefits of space technology and its applications. In the past ten years, many initiatives have been taken to promote space education and awareness for students as well as decision-makers in Pakistan. These include establishment of space science departments in universities, developing space-specific educational institutes, cooperation and collaboration between universities and SUPARCO, outreach to schools, and holding of short courses, seminars and symposia. To create awareness among the general public, efforts are being made to air programs on the electronic media. This paper covers achievements of Pakistan in promoting space education and awareness in the country and the related issues and impediments to pursue these programs.

Jagirani, Aisha

288

Modelling consumer choice behaviour in space tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of stated-preference, discrete choice experiments designed to examine potential consumer reactions to various options emerging in the embryonic space tourism industry. The research investigated choice behaviour between four types of space tourism: high-altitude jet fighter flights, atmospheric zero-gravity flights, short-duration sub-orbital flights, and longer duration orbital trips into space. Each type of space tourism was

Geoffrey I. Crouch; Timothy M. Devinney; Jordan J. Louviere; Towhidul Islam

2009-01-01

289

NASA Aquarius: Sea Surface Salinity from Space Education Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The educational resources and activities on this Web site teach fundamental concepts about salinity variations and the role these changes play in controlling global ocean circulation and Earthâs climate. The modules augment existing El Nino/La Nina materials with salinity-based content, provide on-line interactive tools demonstrating environmental change through data sets and in situ time-series analysis, and engage students in activities designed to demonstrate salt-water interactions. Launched in June 2011, NASAâs Aquarius will provide the first global map of sea surface salinity with unprecedented accuracy, resolution and coverage. The importance of salinity measurements in understanding coastal ocean processes is critical as salinity is a key factor in understanding and predicting biological and physical processes and their interactions with the food web, climate, and global water cycle.

2007-01-01

290

Research on Educational Standards in German Science Education--Towards a Model of Student Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper gives an overview of research on modelling science competence in German science education. Since the first national German educational standards for physics, chemistry and biology education were released in 2004 research projects dealing with competences have become prominent strands. Most of this research is about the structure of…

Kulgemeyer, Christoph; Schecker, Horst

2014-01-01

291

Waves of Educational Model Production: The Case of Higher Education Institutionalization in Malawi, 1964-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The domain of national education systems has been identified as one of the richest areas for exploring questions about globalization, particularly the degree of worldwide convergence in educational institutions. This article addresses questions about the transnational production and institutionalization of educational models through a historical…

Holland, Dana G.

2010-01-01

292

International Space Station Radiation Shielding Model Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The projected radiation levels within the International Space Station (ISS) have been criticized by the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel in their report to the NASA Administrator. Methods for optimal reconfiguration and augmentation of the ISS shielding are now being developed. The initial steps are to develop reconfigurable and realistic radiation shield models of the ISS modules, develop computational procedures for the highly anisotropic radiation environment, and implement parametric and organizational optimization procedures. The targets of the redesign process are the crew quarters where the astronauts sleep and determining the effects of ISS shadow shielding of an astronaut in a spacesuit. The ISS model as developed will be reconfigurable to follow the ISS. Swapping internal equipment rack assemblies via location mapping tables will be one option for shield optimization. Lightweight shield augmentation materials will be optimally fit to crew quarter areas using parametric optimization procedures to minimize the augmentation shield mass. The optimization process is being integrated into the Intelligence Synthesis Environment s (ISE s) immersive simulation facility at the Langley Research Center and will rely on High Performance Computing and Communication (HPCC) for rapid evaluation of shield parameter gradients.

Qualls, G. D.; Wilson, J. W.; Sandridge, C.; Cucinotta, F. A.; Nealy, J. E.; Heinbockel, J. H.; Hugger, C. P.; Verhage, J.; Anderson, B. M.; Atwell, W.

2001-01-01

293

A space radiation test model study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The tools for dynamic modeling of the energetic populations in the outer radiation belts are being developed to better understand the extreme variations of particle flux in response to magnetospheric and solar activity. The study utilizes the SCATHA SC3 high-energy electron data for energies from 200 keV to 2 MeV, with fine pitch-angle measurements over the L-shell range of 5.3 to 7 for quiet and moderate geomagnetic periods in April 1979 and June 1980. A solution of the simultaneous bimodal (radial and pitch-angle) diffusion equation for the radiation belts was developed with special regard for the requirements of satellite radiation belt data analysis. The solution was used to test the bimodal theory of outer-electron-belt diffusion by confronting it with satellite data. The data representation requires and provides diffusion parameters that are in agreement with all previous experimental and theoretical determinations of such diffusion coefficients. Such a representation satisfies the basic requirements towards the dynamic modeling of the outer electron radiation belt for L is less than 7 at quiet and moderate geomagnetic conditions. The presentation was also shown to be unique when projected off of the satellite trajectory in (L,t)-space. For L about 7 the representation has difficulties with butterfly distributions that may signify energetic electron encounters with the magnetopause.

Nightingale, R. W.; Chiu, Y. T.; Davidson, G. T.; Francis, W. E.; Rinaldi, M. A.

1989-02-01

294

Establishing a Distance Learning Plan for International Space Station (ISS) Interactive Video Education Events (IVEE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Educational outreach is an integral part of the International Space Station (ISS) mandate. In a few scant years, the International Space Station has already established a tradition of successful, general outreach activities. However, as the number of outreach events increased and began to reach school classrooms, those events came under greater scrutiny by the education community. Some of the ISS electronic field trips, while informative and helpful, did not meet the generally accepted criteria for education events, especially within the context of the classroom. To make classroom outreach events more acceptable to educators, the ISS outreach program must differentiate between communication events (meant to disseminate information to the general public) and education events (designed to facilitate student learning). In contrast to communication events, education events: are directed toward a relatively homogeneous audience who are gathered together for the purpose of learning, have specific performance objectives which the students are expected to master, include a method of assessing student performance, and include a series of structured activities that will help the students to master the desired skill(s). The core of the ISS education events is an interactive videoconference between students and ISS representatives. This interactive videoconference is to be preceded by and followed by classroom activities which help the students aftain the specified learning objectives. Using the interactive videoconference as the centerpiece of the education event lends a special excitement and allows students to ask questions about what they are learning and about the International Space Station and NASA. Whenever possible, the ISS outreach education events should be congruent with national guidelines for student achievement. ISS outreach staff should recognize that there are a number of different groups that will review the events, and that each group has different criteria for acceptance. For example, school administrators are more likely to be concerned about an event meeting national standards and the cost of the event. In contrast, a teacher's acceptance of an education event may be directly related to the amount of extra work the event imposes upon that teacher. ISS education events must be marketed differently to the different groups of educators, and must never increase the workload of the average teacher.

Wallington, Clint

1999-01-01

295

Model building by Coset Space Dimensional Reduction scheme  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the gauge-Higgs unification models within the scheme of the coset space dimensional reduction, beginning with a gauge theory in a fourteen-dimensional spacetime where extra-dimensional space has the structure of a ten-dimensional compact coset space. We found seventeen phenomenologically acceptable models through an exhaustive search for the candidates of the coset spaces, the gauge group in fourteen dimension, and fermion representation. Of the seventeen, ten models led to SO(10)(xU(1)) GUT-like models after dimensional reduction, three models led to SU(5)xU(1) GUT-like models, and four to SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1)xU(1) Standard-Model-like models. The combinations of the coset space, the gauge group in the fourteen-dimensional spacetime, and the representation of the fermion contents of such models are listed.

Jittoh, Toshifumi; Koike, Masafumi; Nomura, Takaaki; Sato, Joe [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Saitama 355-8570 (Japan); Shimomura, Takashi [Departament de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Universitat de Valencia-CSIC, E-46100 Burjassot, Valencia (Spain)

2009-04-17

296

A Prototype for Education Programs using Planetari and Space Centres as Key Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few hands on space experiments designed for school education allow the students and teachers to participate in the discovery of new science. One particularly experiment which flew on STS107 Columbia was designed specifically to do just this. A key feature of the project was to use a Zoo and a University as key tools in providing through life development and

L Thompson; A. Brumfitt; P. Honan

2006-01-01

297

Engineers' Spatial Orientation Ability Development at the European Space for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to determine whether the new geographic information technologies, included as teaching objectives in the new European Space for Higher Education Engineering degrees, develop spatial abilities. Bearing this in mind, a first year seminar using the INSPIRE Geoportal (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe) was…

Carrera, C. Carbonell; Perez, J. L. Saorin; Cantero, J. de la Torre; Gonzalez, A. M. Marrero

2011-01-01

298

Dimensions for Evaluating University Quality in the European Space for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper seeks to establish basic dimensions on which to construct a system of indicators for evaluating university quality, from the perspective of pupils, and within the framework offered by the European Space for Higher Education. Method: The population for this study was defined as the set of students enrolled at the…

Gonzalez-Lopez, Ignacio

2006-01-01

299

Space for Toddlers in the Guidelines and Curricula for Early Childhood Education and Care in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Finland, the policies and practices in early childhood education and care (ECEC) have been characterized by a division into practices and forms of care for children under and over 3 years old. This study analyses the construction of space in the national and local level curricula for the very youngest children. These documents both present…

Rutanen, Niina

2011-01-01

300

Gender and Higher Education in Different National Spaces: Female Palestinian Students Attending Israeli and Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the higher education experience among Palestinian Arab females in two national spaces and seeks to determine whether studying at an Arab institution of higher learning in a nearby Arab country can alleviate the emotional and economic difficulties that affect Palestinian women at Israeli universities. What can institutions of…

Abu-Rabia-Queder, Sarab; Arar, Khaled

2011-01-01

301

British Degrees Made in Hong Kong: An Enquiry into the Role of Space and Place in Transnational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fundamental logic of transnational education programmes is a one-to-one transfer of institutional capital across space and an unimportance of place. This article interrogates these presumptions and argues that space and place play an important role in transnational education. Drawing on research that examines the experiences of students and…

Leung, Maggi W. H.; Waters, Johanna L.

2013-01-01

302

An Educational Model for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American educational system is based upon outmoded premises and should be revised in line with present trends and future needs. Our present system of education was created to serve an industrial society: to develop an elite cadre of well educated professionals, a mass of somewhat educated technical workers, and a solid base of laborers. It…

Fizzell, Robert L.

303

Using Philosophy of Education to Create Communities in Difficult Times: Adult Learners and New Spaces for Learning Together  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the kind of space formed by philosophical discussion of education with lower-income, adult learners making their way back to structured education amidst work and life responsibilities. It explores two new social contexts that define this experience of return to education. The first is the sociability of philosophical…

Mayo, Cris

2013-01-01

304

Kinetic chemotaxis model on a space of measures Danil Worm  

E-print Network

Kinetic chemotaxis model on a space of measures Daniël Worm (in collaboration with Sander Hille, April 15 2010 D. Worm (with S. Hille) (Leiden University) Kinetic chemotaxis model April 15, 2010 1 / 12 #12;Outline 1 Kinetic chemotaxis model 2 Space of measures D. Worm (with S. Hille) (Leiden University

Hille, Sander

305

The Educational Enrichment Center--A Holistic Community Approach Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Educational Enrichment Center in Holon, Israel has developed a holistic community model of identification and education of gifted and talented children (grades 1 through 9). Four networks of educational agents (universities, student counselors, teachers, and parents) interact with the center to develop students' emotional, social, and…

Lubling, Aryeh; Zorman, Rachel

1982-01-01

306

A model for constructivist initial physics teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following an interview?based study of attitudes towards physics education in Portugal, a three?year long innovatory programme was devised and implemented. Based on Kelly's theory of constructive alternativism, and supported by Rogers’ model for educational innovation, the programme introduced students to a constructivist approach to physics educators, allowed them the opportunity to develop it during teaching practice, and supported them during

Marília F. Thomaz; John K. Gilbert

1989-01-01

307

Universal Instructional Design as a Model for Educational Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Universal Instructional Design as an inclusive pedagogical model for use in educational programs, whether provided by traditional educational institutions, community-based initiatives, or workplace literacy projects. For the benefit of public relations specialists and classroom educators alike, the article begins with a…

Higbee, Jeanne L.

2007-01-01

308

Facilitating Educational Reform: An Innovative Model for Teacher Preparation Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This model for teacher education programs responds to the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) standards requiring that professional education programs be based on essential knowledge, established and current research findings, and sound professional practice. The NCATE standards mandate that the design, delivery, and…

Carson, Joan C.; Sykes, Dudley E.

309

Probability Bracket Notation, Term Vector Space, Concept Fock Space and Induced Probabilistic IR Models  

E-print Network

After a brief introduction to Probability Bracket Notation (PBN) for discrete random variables in time-independent probability spaces, we apply both PBN and Dirac notation to investigate probabilistic modeling for information retrieval (IR). We derive the expressions of relevance of document to query (RDQ) for various probabilistic models, induced by Term Vector Space (TVS) and by Concept Fock Space (CFS). The inference network model (INM) formula is symmetric and can be used to evaluate relevance of document to document (RDD); the CFS-induced models contain ingredients of all three classical IR models. The relevance formulas are tested and compared on different scenarios against a famous textbook example.

Xing M. Wang

2011-06-19

310

A new ESA educational initiative: Euro Space Center class teachers in microgravity during parabolic flights  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1984, the European Space Agency (ESA) has organized 30 aircraft parabolic flight campaigns in the frame of its Microgravity Programme to perform short duration scientific and technological experiments. On each campaign, ESA invites journalists to report to the general public on the research work conducted in weightlessness. A new initiative was launched in 2000 with the introduction of pedagogical experiments aiming at educating youngsters and the general public on weightlessness effects. In November 2000, four secondary school teachers detached to the Euro Space Center (ESC) participated in the 29th ESA campaign. The ESC in Belgium provides recreational and educational activities for the general public and organizes space classes targeted at primary and secondary school pupils. The four teachers performed simple experiments with gyroscopes, yo-yos, magnetic balls, pendulum and food to explain their different behaviour in weightlessness, to show characteristics and possibilities of the microgravity environment and the difficulties that astronauts encounter in their daily life in orbit.

Pletser, Vladimir; Paulis, Pierre Emmanuel; Loosveldt, Edwin; Gering, Dominique; Body, Mireille; Schewijck, Robert

2005-12-01

311

Space Experiment Module: A new low-cost capability for education payloads  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Space Experiment Module (SEM) concept is one of a number of education initiatives being pursued by the NASA Shuttle Small Payloads Project (SSPP) in an effort to increase educational access to space by means of Space Shuttle Small Payloads and associated activities. In the SEM concept, NASA will provide small containers ('modules') which can accommodate small zero-gravity experiments designed and constructed by students. A number, (nominally ten), of the modules will then be flown in an existing Get Away Special (GAS) carrier on the Shuttle for a flight of 5 to 10 days. In addition to the module container, the NASA carrier system will provide small amounts of electrical power and a computer system for controlling the operation of the experiments and recording experiment data. This paper describes the proposed SEM carrier system and program approach.

Goldsmith, Theodore C.; Lewis, Ruthan

1995-01-01

312

Development and testing of a mouse simulated space flight model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development and testing of a mouse model for simulating some aspects of weightlessness that occurs during space flight, and the carrying out of immunological experiments on animals undergoing space flight is examined. The mouse model developed was an antiorthostatic, hypokinetic, hypodynamic suspension model similar to one used with rats. The study was divided into two parts. The first involved determination of which immunological parameters should be observed on animals flown during space flight or studied in the suspension model. The second involved suspending mice and determining which of those immunological parameters were altered by the suspension. Rats that were actually flown in Space Shuttle SL-3 were used to test the hypotheses.

Sonnenfeld, Gerald

1987-01-01

313

Dynamics in Higher Education Politics: A Theoretical Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a model for analysing dynamics in higher education politics (DHEP). Theoretically the model draws on the conceptual history of political contingency, agenda-setting theories and previous research on higher education dynamics. According to the model, socio-historical complexity can best be analysed along two dimensions: the…

Kauko, Jaakko

2013-01-01

314

Considering Students' Perceptions: The Distance Education Student Satisfaction Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the current study, the Distance Education Student Satisfaction Model, estimated as a structural equation model, is proposed to understand better what predicts student satisfaction from online learning environments. In the present study, the following variables are employed based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (Davis, Bagozzi, & Warshaw, 1989) and literature: computer knowledge, flexibility of distance education, usefulness of

Ismail Sahin; Mack Shelley

2008-01-01

315

Selection of Authentic Modelling Practices as Contexts for Chemistry Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In science education, students should come to understand the nature and significance of models. In the case of chemistry education it is argued that the present use of models is often not meaningful from the students' perspective. A strategy to overcome this problem is to use an authentic chemical modelling practice as a context for a curriculum…

Prins, Gjalt T.; Bulte, Astrid M. W.; van Driel, Jan H.; Pilot, Albert

2008-01-01

316

Modeling the Hubble Space Telescope with Trace Marshall D. Perrin  

E-print Network

Modeling the Hubble Space Telescope with Trace Marshall D. Perrin University of California, Berkeley February 12, 2001 1 The Hubble Space Telescope The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a 2.4 m f/24 Richey-Cretien Cassegrain telescope, located in Low Earth Orbit. It was designed to carry out

Backer, Don

317

Modeling Space Shuttle Software Failures at Varying Criticality Levels  

E-print Network

1 Modeling Space Shuttle Software Failures at Varying Criticality Levels George J. Knafl Joseph A--Regression methods are employed in analyzing a space shuttle software failure data set, classified into three. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 2. THE SPACE SHUTTLE DATA 3. REGRESSION METHODS 4. CROSSVALIDATION 5

Morgan, Joseph

318

Postcolonial foldings of space and identity in science education: limits, transformations, prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The four essays reviewed here constitute a worthwhile attempt to discuss various aspects of postcolonial theory, and offer constructive ideas to ongoing academic as well as public conversations with respect to whether science education can meet the challenges of educating an increasingly diverse population in the 21st century. These essays are grounded in the assumption that it is difficult to make meaningful and transformative changes in science education so that educators' efforts take into consideration the dramatic changes (i.e., diverse culture and racial origins, language, economic status etc.) of `an era of globalization' in order to meet the demands of today's schools. Each of these four essays problematizes various aspects of the social and cultural conditions of science education nowadays using different `postcolonial' ideas to interpret the implications for science learning and teaching. Although the term `postcolonial' has certainly multiple meanings in the literature, we use this term here to describe the philosophical position of these essays to challenge long-standing and hegemonic practices and taken-for-granted assumptions in science education. Through critical analysis of these essays, we engage in a dialogue with the authors, focusing on two of what seem crucial issues in understanding the potential contributions as well as the risks of postcolonial concepts in science education; these issues are space and identity. We choose these issues because they permeate all four essays in interesting and often provocative ways.

Zembylas, Michalinos; Avraamidou, Lucy

2008-12-01

319

AIAA Educator Academy - Mars Rover Curriculum: A 6 week multidisciplinary space science based curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Curiosity mission has captured the imagination of children, as NASA missions have done for decades. The AIAA and the University of Houston have developed a flexible curriculum program that offers children in-depth science and language arts learning culminating in the design and construction of their own model rover. The program is called the Mars Rover Model Celebration. It focuses on students, teachers and parents in grades 3-8. Students learn to research Mars in order to pick a science question about Mars that is of interest to them. They learn principles of spacecraft design in order to build a model of a Mars rover to carry out their mission on the surface of Mars. The model is a mock-up, constructed at a minimal cost from art supplies. This project may be used either informally as an after school club or youth group activity or formally as part of a class studying general science, earth science, solar system astronomy or robotics, or as a multi-disciplinary unit for a gifted and talented program. The project's unique strength lies in engaging students in the process of spacecraft design and interesting them in aerospace engineering careers. The project is aimed at elementary and secondary education. Not only will these students learn about scientific fields relevant to the mission (space science, physics, geology, robotics, and more), they will gain an appreciation for how this knowledge is used to tackle complex problems. The low cost of the event makes it an ideal enrichment vehicle for low income schools. It provides activities that provide professional development to educators, curricular support resources using NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) content, and provides family opportunities for involvement in K-12 student learning. This paper will describe the structure and organization of the 6 week curriculum. A set of 30 new 5E lesson plans have been written to support this project as a classroom activity. The challenge of developing interactive learning activities for planetary science will be explored. These lesson plans incorporate state of the art interactive pedagogy and current NASA Planetary Science materials.

Henriquez, E.; Bering, E. A.; Slagle, E.; Nieser, K.; Carlson, C.; Kapral, A.

2013-12-01

320

Ice Sheet System Model as Educational Entertainment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the importance of polar ice sheets and their role in the evolution of Sea Level Rise (SLR), as well as Climate Change, is of paramount importance for policy makers as well as the public and schools at large. For example, polar ice sheets and glaciers currently account for 1/3 of the SLR signal, a ratio that will increase in the near to long-term future, which has tremendous societal ramifications. Consequently, it is important to increase awareness about our changing planet. In our increasingly digital society, mobile and web applications are burgeoning venues for such outreach. The Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM) is a software that was developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/CalTech/NASA, in collaboration with University of California Irvine (UCI), with the goal of better understanding the evolution of polar ice sheets. It is a state-of-the-art framework, which relies on higher-end cluster-computing to address some of the aforementioned challenges. In addition, it is a flexible framework that can be deployed on any hardware; in particular, on mobile platforms such as Android or iOS smart phones. Here, we look at how the ISSM development team managed to port their model to these platforms, what the implications are for improving how scientists disseminate their results, and how a broader audience may familiarize themselves with running complex climate models in simplified scenarios which are highly educational and entertaining in content. We also look at the future plans toward a web portal fully integrated with mobile technologies to deliver the best content to the public, and to provide educational plans/lessons that can be used in grades K-12 as well as collegiate under-graduate and graduate programs.

Perez, G.

2013-12-01

321

Making Space for Democracy through Assessment and Feedback in Higher Education: Thoughts from an Action Research Project in Education Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an action research project into the development of a "democratic feedback model" with students on an education studies programme at a post-1992 university in the UK. Building on work that has explored the dialogic dimensions of assessment and feedback, the research explored the potential for more…

McDonnell, Jane; Curtis, Will

2014-01-01

322

A Community-Based Approach to Developing a Solar and Space Physics Education Literacy Framework  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sun-Earth Connection is an exciting vehicle through which teachers can introduce students at all grade levels to a wide variety of science concepts. Yet solar and space physics concepts remain difficult topics for teachers to introduce in the classroom. It is a challenge for educators and curriculum developers to map heliophysics concepts onto existing state and national science standards. To meet this challenge, the primary goal of this project is to construct a Solar and Space Physics Education Literacy Framework (SSPELF) using input from various community stakeholders participating in a consensus building workshop format. This framework will draw upon the lessons learned and best practices from previous science literacy framework efforts in climate, atmospheric and ocean sciences. In particular the SSPELF will adopt the structure from these previous efforts which uses high level "essential principles" and more concrete "fundamental concepts" that expanded upon those principles. Once the SSPELF has been developed, its components will be linked to national and state standards as well as the 2061 Benchmarks. Additionally, space physics education materials that have been cataloged in an existing compendium will be linked to the frameworks, and so to national standards. Finally, the Framework and compendium will be disseminated through professional development workshops intended to show teachers how heliophysics education materials can be used in their classroom to satisfy standards based learning objectives.

Gross, N. A.; Cobabe-Ammann, E.; McCaffrey, M. S.

2008-12-01

323

IHY activities in West Asia: Research and Education in Astronomy and Space Sciences for Arab Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

alnaimiy2@yahoo.com Astronomy and Space Sciences (ASS) are important fields of research, study, knowledge and culture. They have been the cradle of both eastern and western sciences. We all know, from education and psychology, about the effective teaching and learning of ASS. Unfortunately, a small percentage of this knowledge is actually used in teaching at schools, universities level and any other academic institutions in the Arab countries. The challenge is to provide effective professional development for ASS educators and researchers at all levels, from elementary school to university. ASS is the most appealing subject to young students and very important tool to convey scientific knowledge? Once students have understood the importance of science, they might be more easily pursued to continue their education in science and technology. The aim of this paper is to show the importance of the formal and informal ASS research, and education, giving an example of a possible curriculum, projects, and comments on the activities that have been carried out in a few Arab countries. We feel the need for a new communication channel among the Arab people based on our common scientific ground. ASS is, in this respect, the best possible choice in the vast cultural heritage of the Arab basin. The final purpose is scientific and economical. Building modern and good observatories, planetariums and research centers in the region jointly by Arab astronomers and space scientists is essential and will be an excellent step toward developing astronomy and astrophysics (for research, education and knowledge).

Al-Naimiy, H. M. K.

2006-11-01

324

Continuing Education Leadership Matrix: A Model for Practitioners in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing education (CE) units are a diverse blend of philosophical and pedagogical approaches, personal aptitudes, and professional knowledge and skills. The Continuing Education Leadership Matrix model is presented as a conceptual framework for understanding and managing CE practice. The model is useful to leaders and managers working within CE…

Moroney, Peter

2007-01-01

325

Student Identification with Business Education Models: Measurement and Relationship to Educational Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although management scholars have provided a variety of metaphors to describe the role of students in management courses, researchers have yet to explore students' identification with the models and how they are linked to educational outcomes. This article develops a measurement tool for students' identification with business education models and…

Halbesleben, Jonathon R. B.; Wheeler, Anthony R.

2009-01-01

326

Supporting Research at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center Through Focused Education and Outreach Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA research scientists work closely with Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (SSAI) personnel at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) on a large variety of education and public outreach (E/PO) initiatives. This work includes assistance in conceptualizing E/PO plans, then carrying through in the development of materials, publication, cataloging, warehousing, and product distribution. For instance, outreach efforts on the Terra, Aqua, and Aura-still in development-EOS missions, as well as planetary and visualization programs, have been coordinated by SSAI employees. E/PO support includes convening and taking part in sessions at professional meetings and workshops. Also included is the coordination of exhibits at professional meetings such as the AGU, AAAS, AMS and educational meetings such as the National Science Teachers Association. Other E/PO efforts include the development and staffing of booths; arranges for booth space and furnishings; shipping of exhibition materials and products; assembling, stocking, and disassembling of booths. E/PO personnel work with organizations external to NASA such as the Smithsonian museum, Library of Congress, U.S. Geological Survey, and associations or societies such as the AGU, American Chemical Society, and National Science Teachers Association to develop products and programs that enhance NASA mission E/PO efforts or to provide NASA information for use in their programs. At GSFC, E/PO personnel coordinate the efforts of the education and public outreach sub-committees in support of the Space and Earth Sciences Data Analysis (SESDA) contract within the GSFC Earth Sciences Directorate. The committee acts as a forum for improving communication and coordination among related Earth science education projects, and strives to unify the representation of these programs among the science and education communities. To facilitate these goals a Goddard Earth Sciences Directorate Education and Outreach Portal has been developed to provide a repository and clearinghouse for upcoming education events, and a speaker's bureau. The committees are planning a series of workshops in the near future to expand participation, and further leverage respective Earth science education and outreach efforts through cooperative work with other NASA centers. Founded in 1977 as a minority, women-owned business, SSAI's staff includes a large and varied pool of scientists, E/PO employees covering a broad range of training and talents. SSAI provides support on a number of NASA related projects at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, Maryland ranging from science research to data acquisition, storage, and distribution.

Ireton, F.; Closs, J.

2003-12-01

327

The Market Model and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with the increasing tendency of government to finance higher education through students, a trend having important policy implications for higher education. This trend and numerous related governmental decisions have been based almost exclusively upon economic rationale. (Author)

Leslie, Larry L.; Johnson, Gary P.

1974-01-01

328

Fock Spaces for the Calogero Models with Distinguishable Particles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the creation, annihilation and number operators for theAN-1- and BN-Calogero models with distinguishable particles.In a parallel way to the construction of the Fock space of the quantumharmonic oscillators, we construct the Fock spaces as the simultaneouseigenfunctions of the number operators for the Calogero models.Relationships between the Fock spaces and the knownnonsymmetric orthogonal bases, which are spanned by the variants ofthe Jack polynomials, are presented.

Ujino, Hideaki; Nishino, Akinori; Wadati, Miki

1998-08-01

329

Who's designing what for whom? Comparing taxonomies in web-based educational design galleries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based galleries of educational design examples are a display space for educational innovation and a construction space for the educational identities involved in the growing educational innovation business. Taxonomies of seven web-based educational collections are compared and analysed in terms of how identities are constructed for the educational design model range, the teacher audience and educational design practice. The design

Tim Lever

330

Exploiting Compositionality to Explore a Large Space of Model Structures  

E-print Network

The recent proliferation of richly structured probabilistic models raises the question of how to automatically determine an appropriate model for a dataset. We investigate this question for a space of matrix decomposition ...

Grosse, Roger Baker

331

Hierarchical Bayesian models for space-time air pollution data  

E-print Network

Hierarchical Bayesian models for space-time air pollution data Sujit K. Sahu June 14, 2011 sets have led to a step change in the analysis of space-time air pollution data. Accurate predictions-time air pollution data and illustrate the benefits of modeling with a real data example on monitoring

Sahu, Sujit K

332

Space-varying regression models: specifications and simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Space-varying regression models are generalizations of standard linear models where the regression coefficients are allowed to change in space. The spatial structure is specified by a multivariate extension of pairwise difference priors, thus enabling incorporation of neighboring structures and easy sampling schemes. Bayesian inference is performed by incorporation of a prior distribution for the hyperparameters. This approach leads to an

Dani Gamerman; Ajax R. B. Moreira; Håvard Rue

2003-01-01

333

A Simplified Dynamic Model of Space Shuttle Main Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simplified model of the space shuttle main engine (SSME) dynamics valid within the range of operation of the engine. This model is obtained by linking the linearized point models obtained at twenty five differenc operating points of the SSME. The simplified model was developed for use with a model-based diagnostic scheme for failure detection and diagnostics

Ahmet Duyar; Yasfi Eldem; Walter Merrill; Ten-Huei Guo

1991-01-01

334

A Prototype for Education Programs using Planetari and Space Centres as Key Tools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Few hands on space experiments designed for school education allow the students and teachers to participate in the discovery of new science. One particularly experiment which flew on STS107 Columbia was designed specifically to do just this. A key feature of the project was to use a Zoo and a University as key tools in providing through life development and support. The project, "Spiders in Space" ran over a four year period resulted in the student and scientist team publishing over twenty refereed papers on their research findings. Throughout the project teacher and student performance, satisfaction, knowledge, abilities and competency were monitored and critically evaluated. The progressive gathering and feedback was used to improve the program and adapt the learning experience to the student needs and abilities. Based on the experience gained with the Spider Experiment on STS-107, the originating team of scientists and teachers have formulated a structure on which to facilitate the design of similar space education cross discipline projects. The project architecture presented uses as key tools Planetaria, Space science education centres, zoos and Universities in the successful delivery of the programs.The engagement of these key tools facilitates a cost effective and educationally sound support network for thousands of schools to have some ownership of their space program. These key tools provide both continuing professional development for teachers wishing to enter the program and field laboratory support for the student classes engaged in it. The resulting programs are designed to foster collaboration between space research and education on an international scale. The sample new program is presented which demonstrates the application of scientific principles by making students and teachers an integral part of current space research. Issues such as environment, climate control and biological diversity are investigated with a view to providing research outcomes in support of the European Aurora Program, the first human mission to Mars. The cross disciplinary nature of the program encourages participation from all students and promotes a team approach. The investigation incorporates topics covered in Physics, Chemistry and Biology within the current secondary school curriculum and integrates them with Economics, Construction, Project Management and International Relations.

Thompson, L; Brumfitt, A.; Honan, P.

335

Standardization Process for Space Radiation Models Used for Space System Design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space system design community has three concerns related to models of the radiation belts and plasma: 1) AP-8 and AE-8 models are not adequate for modern applications; 2) Data that have become available since the creation of AP-8 and AE-8 are not being fully exploited for modeling purposes; 3) When new models are produced, there is no authorizing organization identified to evaluate the models or their datasets for accuracy and robustness. This viewgraph presentation provided an overview of the roadmap adopted by the Working Group Meeting on New Standard Radiation Belt and Space Plasma Models.

Barth, Janet; Daly, Eamonn; Brautigam, Donald

2005-01-01

336

A Dissemination Model for New Technical Education Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technical Education Research Center-SW has conceived, tested, and refined a model for disseminating newly developed programs and materials throughout the nation. The model performed successfully in the dissemination of more than 50,000 educational units (modules) of Laser/Electro-Optics Technician (LEOT) materials during a four-year period…

Hull, Daniel M.

337

Research in Distance Education: A System Modeling Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how a computer simulation research method can be used for studying distance education systems. Topics discussed include systems research in distance education; a technique of model development using the System Dynamics approach and DYNAMO simulation language; and a computer simulation of a prototype model. (18 references) (LRW)

Saba, Farhad; Twitchell, David

1988-01-01

338

Model Learner Outcomes for Technology Education/Industrial Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides model learner outcomes used by communities and schools to improve learning experiences in trade and industrial education. It contains a mission statement for public education in Minnesota and 13 learner goals that must be incorporated into each district's goal statements. The bulk of this document contains model learner…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.

339

Sustainable Competitive Advantage for Educational Institutions: A Suggested Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a model of factors critical to establishing and maintaining sustainable competitive advantage for education-services enterprises in international markets. The model, which combines industrial economics, management theory, and services marketing, seeks to explain the strategic decision-making environment in which the education exporter…

Mazzarol, Tim; Soutar, Geoffrey Norman

1999-01-01

340

Public school teachers in the U.S. evaluate the educational impact of student space experiments launched by expendable vehicles, aboard Skylab, and aboard Space Shuttle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space education is a discipline that has evolved at an unprecedented rate over the past 25 years. Although program proceedings, research literature, and historical documentation have captured fragmented pieces of information about student space experiments, the field lacks a valid comprehensive study that measures the educational impact of sounding rockets, Skylab, Ariane, AMSAT, and Space Shuttle. The lack of this information is a problem for space educators worldwide which led to a national study with classroom teachers. Student flown experiments continue to offer a unique experiential approach to teach students thinking and reasoning skills that are imperative in the current international competitive environment in which they live and will work. Understanding the history as well as the current status and educational spin-offs of these experimental programs strengthens the teaching capacity of educators throughout the world to develop problem solving skills and various higher mental processes in the schools. These skills and processes enable students to use their knowledge more effectively and efficiently long after they leave the classroom. This paper focuses on student space experiments as a means of motivating students to meet this educational goal successfully.

Burkhalter, Bettye B.; McLean, James E.; Curtis, James P.; James, George S.

341

Public school teachers in the U.S. evaluate the educational impact of student space experiments launched by expendable vehicles, aboard Skylab, and aboard Space Shuttle.  

PubMed

Space education is a discipline that has evolved at an unprecedented rate over the past 25 years. Although program proceedings, research literature, and historical documentation have captured fragmented pieces of information about student space experiments, the field lacks a valid comprehensive study that measures the educational impact of sounding rockets, Skylab, Ariane, AMSAT, and Space Shuttle. The lack of this information is a problem for space educators worldwide which led to a national study with classroom teachers. Student flown experiments continue to offer a unique experiential approach to teach students thinking and reasoning skills that are imperative in the current international competitive environment in which they live and will work. Understanding the history as well as the current status and educational spin-offs of these experimental programs strengthens the teaching capacity of educators throughout the world to develop problem solving skills and various higher mental processes in the schools. These skills and processes enable students to use their knowledge more effectively and efficiently long after they leave the classroom. This paper focuses on student space experiments as a means of motivating students to meet this educational goal successfully. PMID:11541156

Burkhalter, B B; McLean, J E; Curtis, J P; James, G S

1991-12-01

342

Evolution of the Systems Engineering Education Development (SEED) Program at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Systems Engineering Education Development (SEED) Program at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center develops systems engineers from existing discipline engineers. The program has evolved significantly since the report to INCOSE in 2003. This paper describes the SEED Program as it is now, outlines the changes over the last year, discusses current status and results, and shows the value of human systems and leadership skills for practicing systems engineers.

Bagg, Thomas C., III; Brumfield, Mark D.; Jamison, Donald E.; Granata, Raymond L.; Casey, Carolyn A.; Heller, Stuart

2003-01-01

343

ModelDB in computational neuroscience education - a research tool as interactive educational media.  

PubMed

ModelDB's mission is to link computational models and publications, supporting the field of computational neuroscience (CNS) by making model source code readily available. It is continually expanding, and currently contains source code for more than 300 models that cover more than 41 topics. Investigators, educators, and students can use it to obtain working models that reproduce published results and can be modified to test for new domains of applicability. Users can browse ModelDB to survey the field of computational neuroscience, or pursue more focused explorations of specific topics. Here we describe tutorials and initial experiences with ModelDB as an interactive educational tool. PMID:25089156

Morse, Thomas M

2008-05-19

344

Space Allocation to Academic Departments in a High Rise Building of an Australian Educational Institution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A college space planning problem for an institution with high-density development on the campus site is examined. A model was developed that minimizes vertical student pedestrian movements. It is suggested that future investigators should consider a multiobjective approach to the resolution of space allocation problems. (Author/MLW)

Sharma, R. D.; Kumar, S.

1985-01-01

345

S.m.a.r.t. Education and public outreach in earth &space science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science, Mathematics, Aerospace, Research, and Technology (S.M.A.R.T.), Inc. has a long history of supporting education and public outreach in the fields of Earth and Space Science, both on its own and through its membership in the DC Space Grant Consortium (DCSGC). Our activities include teacher training courses and informal workshops in Earth &Space Science; and a new curriculum in this topic area to be initiated at Howard University this fall (which will be open to undergraduate students majoring in science, engineering, or science education in all of the DCSGC-member universities). In addition, S.M.A.R.T. has participated, and plans to continue participating, in informal educational programs for pre-college students, parents, and teachers in the Washington, DC area. We worked with the Sun-Earth Connection EPO organization at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and Berkeley to support student and parent involvement in the Eclipse 2001 event (a Family Night at the S.M.A.R.T. Technology Learning Center, and a web-cast viewing of the eclipse at NASA GSFC). S.M.A.R.T. also participated in a similar activity for the 1999 solar eclipse. We are currently developing a series of videos, one for each of the four major themes of NASA's Office of Space Science (The Sun-Earth Connection, Solar System Exploration, Search for Origins and Planetary Systems, and Structure and Evolution of the Universe). These are intended for students at the middle school and high school levels. As in previous videos we have produced, these videos feature students and teachers as active participants. S.M.A.R.T.'s future plans include providing a Family Night for the Sun-Earth Day aurora activity and public viewing (jointly with Howard University's Dept. of Physics &Astronomy) of the June 8, 2004 Venus transit. A solar telescope and video camera that we developed as part of our SEC EPO activities will be used.

Thomas, V.; Carruthers, G.

2003-04-01

346

Preliminary Multi-Variable Parametric Cost Model for Space Telescopes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews creating a preliminary multi-variable cost model for the contract costs of making a space telescope. There is discussion of the methodology for collecting the data, definition of the statistical analysis methodology, single variable model results, testing of historical models and an introduction of the multi variable models.

Stahl, H. Philip; Hendrichs, Todd

2010-01-01

347

A Qualitative Model of the Space Shuttle Reaction Control System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Space Shuttle Reaction Control System (RCS) is a component of the spaceshuttle propulsion system that provides motion control for the shuttle orbiter. As partof a model-based monitoring and diagnosis system for the RCS, a qualitative model ofthe system was developed using the QSIM modeling language. This report describesthe RCS model, the assumptions that went into it, and predictions that

Herbert Kay

1992-01-01

348

Track structure model of cell damage in space flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The phenomenological track-structure model of cell damage is discussed. A description of the application of the track-structure model with the NASA Langley transport code for laboratory and space radiation is given. Comparisons to experimental results for cell survival during exposure to monoenergetic, heavy-ion beams are made. The model is also applied to predict cell damage rates and relative biological effectiveness for deep-space exposures.

Katz, Robert; Cucinotta, Francis A.; Wilson, John W.; Shinn, Judy L.; Ngo, Duc M.

1992-01-01

349

The National Space Biomedical Research Institute's education and public outreach program: Working toward a global 21st century space exploration society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space Exploration educators worldwide are confronting challenges and embracing opportunities to prepare students for the global 21st century workforce. The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI), established in 1997 through a NASA competition, is a 12-university consortium dedicated to space life science research and education. NSBRI's Education and Public Outreach Program (EPOP) is advancing the Institute's mission by responding to global educational challenges through activities that: provide teacher professional development; develop curricula that teach students to communicate with their peers across the globe; provide women and minority US populations with greater access to, and awareness of science careers; and promote international science education partnerships. A recent National Research Council (NRC) Space Studies Board Report, America's Future in Space: Aligning the Civil Program with National Needs, acknowledges that "a capable workforce for the 21st century is a key strategic objective for the US space program… (and that) US problems requiring best efforts to understand and resolve…are global in nature and must be addressed through mutual worldwide action". [1] This sentiment has gained new momentum through a recent National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) report, which recommends that the life of the International Space Station be extended beyond the planned 2016 termination. [2] The two principles of globalization and ISS utility have elevated NSBRI EPOP efforts to design and disseminate science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) educational materials that prepare students for full participation in a globalized, high technology society; promote and provide teacher professional development; create research opportunities for women and underserved populations; and build international educational partnerships. This paper describes select EPOP projects and makes the case for using innovative, emerging information technologies to transfer space exploration knowledge to students, engage educators from across the globe in discourse about science curricula, and foster multimedia collaborations that inform citizens about the benefits of space exploration for life on Earth. Special references are made to educational activities conducted at professional meetings in Austria, Canada, France, China, Greece, Italy, Russia, Scotland and Spain.

MacLeish, Marlene Y.; Thomson, William A.; Moreno, Nancy P.

2011-05-01

350

Models and applications for space weather forecasting and analysis at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC, http://ccmc.gsfc.nasa.gov) was established at the dawn of the new millennium as a long-term flexible solution to the problem of transition of progress in space environment modeling to operational space weather forecasting. CCMC hosts an expanding collection of state-of-the-art space weather models developed by the international space science community. Over the years the CCMC acquired the unique experience in preparing complex models and model chains for operational environment and developing and maintaining custom displays and powerful web-based systems and tools ready to be used by researchers, space weather service providers and decision makers. In support of space weather needs of NASA users CCMC is developing highly-tailored applications and services that target specific orbits or locations in space and partnering with NASA mission specialists on linking CCMC space environment modeling with impacts on biological and technological systems in space. Confidence assessment of model predictions is an essential element of space environment modeling. CCMC facilitates interaction between model owners and users in defining physical parameters and metrics formats relevant to specific applications and leads community efforts to quantify models ability to simulate and predict space environment events. Interactive on-line model validation systems developed at CCMC make validation a seamless part of model development circle. The talk will showcase innovative solutions for space weather research, validation, anomaly analysis and forecasting and review on-going community-wide model validation initiatives enabled by CCMC applications.

Kuznetsova, Maria

351

A vector space model for automatic indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a document retrieval, or other pattern matching environment where stored entities (documents) are compared with each other or with incoming patterns (search requests), it appears that the best indexing (property) space is one where each entity lies as far away from the others as possible; in these circumstances the value of an indexing system may be expressible as a

Gerard Salton; A. Wong; C. S. Yang

1975-01-01

352

The WSU Model for Engineering Mathematics Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The traditional approach to engineering mathematics education begins with one year of freshman calculus as a prerequisite to subsequent core engineering courses. However, the inability of incoming students to successfully advance through the traditional freshman calculus sequence is a primary cause of attrition in engineering programs across the country. As a result, the WSU model seeks to redefine the way in which engineering mathematics is taught, with the goal of increasing student retention, motivation and success in engineering. The WSU approach begins with the development of a novel freshman-level engineering mathematics course, EGR 101 Introductory Mathematics for Engineering Applications. Taught by engineering faculty, the course includes lecture, laboratory and recitation components. Using an application-oriented, hands-on approach, the course addresses only the salient math topics actually used in core engineering courses. These include the traditional physics, engineering mechanics, electric circuits and computer programming sequences. The EGR 101 course replaces traditional math prerequisite requirements for the above core courses, so that students can advance in the engineering curriculum without having completed a traditional freshman calculus sequence. This has enabled a significant restructuring of the engineering curriculum, including the placement of formerly sophomore-level engineering courses within the freshman year. The WSU model concludes with the development of a revised engineering math sequence, taught by the math department later in the curriculum, in concert with College and ABET requirements. The result has shifted the traditional emphasis on math prerequisite requirements to an emphasis on engineering motivation for math, with a "just-in-time" structuring of the new math sequence. Key components included with this resource are a lab activity, classroom activity, case study, self-guided student work, quiz/test, example problems, simulation and graphics/video.MERC Reviewers comments: The instructor has spent considerable amount of time and effort to develop this course. I really commend the instructor for the innovativeness in using MATLAB for solving problems and relating to practical applications. I very highly recommend that this course be offered to bring about the role of mathematics in engineering education.

Klingbeil, Nathan W.

2009-12-10

353

Validation of nuclear models used in space radiation shielding applications  

SciTech Connect

A program of verification and validation has been undertaken to assess the applicability of models to space radiation shielding applications and to track progress as these models are developed over time. In this work, simple validation metrics applicable to testing both model accuracy and consistency with experimental data are developed. The developed metrics treat experimental measurement uncertainty as an interval and are therefore applicable to cases in which epistemic uncertainty dominates the experimental data. To demonstrate the applicability of the metrics, nuclear physics models used by NASA for space radiation shielding applications are compared to an experimental database consisting of over 3600 experimental cross sections. A cumulative uncertainty metric is applied to the question of overall model accuracy, while a metric based on the median uncertainty is used to analyze the models from the perspective of model development by examining subsets of the model parameter space.

Norman, Ryan B., E-mail: Ryan.B.Norman@nasa.gov [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States); Blattnig, Steve R. [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States)] [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States)

2013-01-15

354

Models of Professional Development in the Education and Practice of New Teachers in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws upon research undertaken in nine higher education institutions for a doctoral thesis. The qualitative study used repertory grids and semi-structured interviews with nine course leaders to investigate models of professional development that underpin courses for new teachers in higher education. While evidence of good levels of…

Pill, Amanda

2005-01-01

355

A Speech Community Model of Bilingual Education: Educating Latino Newcomers in the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the rapid increase in immigration from Latin America to the USA, many US high schools are struggling with the thorny question of how best to educate newcomer immigrant youth with low levels of English proficiency. This paper examines what some might consider an anachronistic educational model--a segregated bilingual high school for Latino…

Garcia, Ofelia; Bartlett, Lesley

2007-01-01

356

The AGI-ASU-NASA Triad Program for K-12 Earth and Space Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA Triad program of the American Geological Institute (AGI) and Arizona State University School of Earth and Space Exploration (ASU SESE) is a three-part effort to promote Earth and space science literacy and STEM education at the national level, funded by NASA through a cooperative agreement starting in 2010. NASA Triad comprises (1) infusion of NASA STEM content into AGI's secondary Earth science curricula; (2) national lead teacher professional development workshops; and (3) an online professional development guide for teachers running NASA STEM workshops. The Triad collaboration draws on AGI's inquiry-based curriculum and teacher professional-development resources and workforce-building programs; ASU SESE's spectrum of research in Mars and Moon exploration, astrobiology, meteoritics, Earth systems, and cyberlearning; and direct access to NASA facilities and dynamic education resources. Triad milestones to date include integration of NASA resources into AGI's print and online curricula and two week-long, national-scale, teacher-leader professional development academies in Earth and space sciences presented at ASU Dietz Museum in Tempe and NASA Johnson Space Flight Center in Houston. Robust front-end and formative assessments of these program components, including content gains, teacher-perceived classroom relevance, teacher-cohort lesson development, and teacher workshop design, have been conducted. Quantitative and qualitative findings from these assessment activities have been applied to identify best and most effective practices, which will be disseminated nationally and globally through AGI and NASA channels.

Pacheco, H. A.; Semken, S. C.; Taylor, W.; Benbow, A. E.

2011-12-01

357

The Pleurodele, an animal model for space biology studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pleurodeles waltl, an Urodele amphibian is proposed as a model for space biology studies. Our laboratory is developing three types of experiments in space using this animal: 1) in vivo fertilization and development (``FERTILE'' project); 2) influence of microgravity and space radiation on the organization and preservation of spacialized structures in the neurons and muscle cells (in vitro; ``CELIMENE'' PROJECT); 3) influence of microgravity on tissue regeneration (muscle, bone, epidermis and spinal cord).

Gualandris, L.; Grinfeld, S.; Foulquier, F.; Kan, P.; Duprat, A. M.

358

The moduli space of superconformal instantons in sigma models  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, an approach to instantons in supersymmetrical 2-dimensional sigma models is discussed. In this approach superinstantons are characterized as the superconformal maps of a physical space into the isotopic (target) space. The authors consider a special case of the supersphere with punctures. New topological invariants as the number of the so-called fermionic points appear in this case. The authors also analyze the structure of the moduli space of superinstantons within this framework.

Monastyrsky, M.I. (Inst. of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 117259 Moscow (SU)); Natanzon, S.M. (Research Inst. for Geodesy, Aerial Survey and Cartography, Moscow (SU))

1991-06-21

359

Expanding Earth and Space Science through the Initiating New Science Partnerships In Rural Education (INSPIRE)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The INSPIRE program at Mississippi State University (MSU), funded by the NSF Graduate STEM Fellows in K-12 Education (GK12) program, focuses on Earth and Space science education and has partnered ten graduate students from MSU with five teachers from local, rural school districts. For the next five years the project will serve to increase inquiry and technology experiences in science and math while enhancing graduate student’s communication skills. Graduate students, from the disciplines of Geosciences, Physics, and Engineering are partnered with Chemistry, Physical Science, Physics, Geometry and Middle school science classrooms and will create engaging inquiry activities that incorporate elements of their research, and integrate various forms of technology. The generated lesson plans that are implemented in the classroom are published on the INSPIRE home page (www.gk12.msstate.edu) so that other classroom instructors can utilize this free resource. Local 7th -12th grade students will attend GIS day later this fall at MSU to increase their understanding and interest in Earth and Space sciences. Selected graduate students and teachers will visit one of four international university partners located in Poland, Australia, England, or The Bahamas to engage research abroad. Upon return they will incorporate their global experiences into their local classrooms. Planning for the project included many factors important to the success of the partnerships. The need for the program was evident in Mississippi K-12 schools based on low performance on high stakes assessments and lack of curriculum in the Earth and Space sciences. Meeting with administrators to determine what needs they would like addressed by the project and recognizing the individual differences among the schools were integral components to tailoring project goals and to meet the unique needs of each school partner. Time for training and team building of INSPIRE teachers and graduate students before the school year aided in fostering a community atmosphere to ensure successful classroom experiences. Including stakeholders in the progress of lesson plan product development during a workshop luncheon was another key part to building a community of support for INSPIRE. These planning components are essential to the success of the project and are recommended to similar projects. The INSPIRE project external evaluation includes: (i) interviews of participants and K-12 students involved in INSPIRE, (ii) pre-post technology and teaching attitude surveys of graduate students and teachers, (iii) thematic analysis of daily feedback forms from the workshop, (iv) summary of end of workshop evaluations, and (v) constant surveying of program progress towards meeting its goals. Internal evaluation includes: (i) classroom observations of graduate student interactions with students (ii) bi-weekly journal entries from both teachers and graduate students, and (iii) weekly feedback from graduate students. Preliminary evaluation of the workshop daily feedback forms indicate a high level of approval for the technology and inquiry activities modeled. Journal entries indicate that the majority of Fellow-teacher teams experience positive interactions in the classroom.

Radencic, S.; McNeal, K. S.; Pierce, D.; Hare, D.

2010-12-01

360

Space Science Cloud: a Virtual Space Science Research Platform Based on Cloud Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through independent and co-operational science missions, Strategic Pioneer Program (SPP) on Space Science, the new initiative of space science program in China which was approved by CAS and implemented by National Space Science Center (NSSC), dedicates to seek new discoveries and new breakthroughs in space science, thus deepen the understanding of universe and planet earth. In the framework of this program, in order to support the operations of space science missions and satisfy the demand of related research activities for e-Science, NSSC is developing a virtual space science research platform based on cloud model, namely the Space Science Cloud (SSC). In order to support mission demonstration, SSC integrates interactive satellite orbit design tool, satellite structure and payloads layout design tool, payload observation coverage analysis tool, etc., to help scientists analyze and verify space science mission designs. Another important function of SSC is supporting the mission operations, which runs through the space satellite data pipelines. Mission operators can acquire and process observation data, then distribute the data products to other systems or issue the data and archives with the services of SSC. In addition, SSC provides useful data, tools and models for space researchers. Several databases in the field of space science are integrated and an efficient retrieve system is developing. Common tools for data visualization, deep processing (e.g., smoothing and filtering tools), analysis (e.g., FFT analysis tool and minimum variance analysis tool) and mining (e.g., proton event correlation analysis tool) are also integrated to help the researchers to better utilize the data. The space weather models on SSC include magnetic storm forecast model, multi-station middle and upper atmospheric climate model, solar energetic particle propagation model and so on. All the services above-mentioned are based on the e-Science infrastructures of CAS e.g. cloud storage and cloud computing. SSC provides its users with self-service storage and computing resources at the same time.At present, the prototyping of SSC is underway and the platform is expected to be put into trial operation in August 2014. We hope that as SSC develops, our vision of Digital Space may come true someday.

Hu, Xiaoyan; Tong, Jizhou; Zou, Ziming

361

Bone Quest - A Space-Based Science and Health Education Unit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This proposal addresses the need for effective and innovative science and health education materials that focus on space bone biology and its implications for bone health on Earth. The focus of these materials, bone biology and health, will increase science knowledge as well as health awareness. Current investigations of the bone loss observed after long-duration space missions provide a link between studies of bone health in space, and studies of osteoporosis, a disease characterized by bone loss and progressive skeletal weakness. The overall goal of this project is to design and develop web-based and print-based materials for high school science students, that will address the following: a) knowledge of normal bone biology and bone biology in a microgravity environment; b) knowledge of osteoporosis; c) knowledge of treatment modalities for space- and Earth-based bone loss; and d} bone-related nutrition knowledge and behavior. To this end, we propose to design and develop a Bone Biology Tutorial which will instruct students about normal bone biology, bone biology in a microgravity environment, osteoporosis - its definition, detection, risk factors, and prevention, treatment modalities for space- and Earth-based bone loss, and the importance of nutrition in bone health. Particular emphasis will be placed on current trends in . adolescent nutrition, and their relationships to bone health. Additionally, we propose to design and develop two interactive nutrition/health ' education activities that will allow students to apply the information provided in the Bone Biology Tutorial. In the first, students will apply constructs provided in the Bone Biology Tutorial to design "Bone Health Plans" for space travelers.

Smith, Scott M.; David-Street, Janis E.; Abrams, Steve A.

2000-01-01

362

An Evolutionary Model for Space Solar Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary difficulties with the dream of Space Solar Power (SSP) for Earth, are the extreme launch costs of solar power satellites to Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO), and the absence of an evolutionary path to SSP. This makes the cost-to-first-power unacceptably high. This paper presents a 3-stage approach to SSP, and lay out the problems and opportunities. The key idea

Nicholas Boechler; Sameer Hameer; Sam Wanis; Narayanan Komerath

2006-01-01

363

Two Models for Pre-Retirement Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended primarily for students of the Education for the Retirement Years training workshops (University of Oregon Center for Gerontology), this manual for pre-retirement education facilitators is a practical guide to the methodological concepts discussed and demonstrated during the on-campus training. Chapter 1 offers a brief statement on…

Lynch, James H.

364

Coach Education Online: The Montana Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coach education is important, but expensive--both in cost and time to public and private athletic programs. To provide basic coach education to coaches, new, innovative, inexpensive approaches must be developed. Joint efforts between state high school associations and colleges and universities can meet those needs. The "Montana approach" is one…

Stewart, Craig

2006-01-01

365

Education and Industry Links: A Tripartite Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project in which a British industrial organization, the Boots Company, a family of schools, and the one-year Post-Graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) teacher training course at the School of Education at the University of Nottingham cooperated in developing science-focused material in the area of Economic and Industrial…

Bishop, Pam

1996-01-01

366

Health Educators: Role Modeling and Smoking Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined cigarette smoking among health educators, their views about the effects of this behavior upon their audiences and beliefs about smoking in light of their professional role. Smokers and nonsmokers were significantly less included than former smokers to feel the role of health education is to convince people not to smoke. (Author/ABL)

Brennan, Andrew J. J.; Galli, Nicholas

1985-01-01

367

A Portfolio Model for Music Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, portfolios in paper or digital form have become a requirement for teachers. Many university teacher education programs throughout the United States, including music education, require a portfolio as a graduation requirement. For practicing teachers interested in National Board Certification, a portfolio is part of the assessment…

Hill, Cheryl Frazes

2008-01-01

368

Online Educational Delivery Models: A Descriptive View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there has been a long history of distance education, the creation of online education occurred just over a decade and a half ago--a relatively short time in academic terms. Early course delivery via the web had started by 1994, soon followed by a more structured approach using the new category of course management systems. Since that…

Hill, Phil

2012-01-01

369

Curricular Models of CLIL Education in Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bilingual education in Poland gained in popularity after the political changes in 1989 when Polish society started noticing the importance of foreign language learning. With the emergence of content and language integrated learning (CLIL) in the 1990s, which in the Polish context is still termed as "bilingual education", foreign languages other…

Czura, Anna; Papaja, Katarzyna

2013-01-01

370

Modelling Mathematical Reasoning in Physics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many findings from research as well as reports from teachers describe students' problem solving strategies as manipulation of formulas by rote. The resulting dissatisfaction with quantitative physical textbook problems seems to influence the attitude towards the role of mathematics in physics education in general. Mathematics is often seen as a tool for calculation which hinders a conceptual understanding of physical principles. However, the role of mathematics cannot be reduced to this technical aspect. Hence, instead of putting mathematics away we delve into the nature of physical science to reveal the strong conceptual relationship between mathematics and physics. Moreover, we suggest that, for both prospective teaching and further research, a focus on deeply exploring such interdependency can significantly improve the understanding of physics. To provide a suitable basis, we develop a new model which can be used for analysing different levels of mathematical reasoning within physics. It is also a guideline for shifting the attention from technical to structural mathematical skills while teaching physics. We demonstrate its applicability for analysing physical-mathematical reasoning processes with an example.

Uhden, Olaf; Karam, Ricardo; Pietrocola, Maurício; Pospiech, Gesche

2012-04-01

371

SPACE TRANSPORTATION NETWORK MODEL FOR RAPID LUNAR ARCHITECTURES EXPLORATION  

E-print Network

tool for lunar architectures, which allows analysis of many mission and technological options architectures via a set of generic vehicle models. The challenge of space exploration is to plan technologically Division, deweck@mit.edu ABSTRACT The challenge of space exploration is to do technologically and cost

de Weck, Olivier L.

372

Verification of large space structures using scale modelling laws  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of testing large space structures in 1-g environment for the purpose of verifying its performance requirement is considered. Because of the difference in test objectives as compared to the conventional structural systems, the scale modelling laws are examined. The investigation is performed on a generic structural element, a space beam. A preliminary conclusion is obtained based on the results.

Chen, J.-C.; Garba, J. A.; Demsetz, L. A.

1985-01-01

373

A discrete state-space model for linear image processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The linear time-discrete state-space model is generalized from single-dimensional time to two-dimensional space. The generalization includes extending certain basic known concepts from one to two dimensions. These concepts include the general response formula, state-transition matrix, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, observability, and controllability.

ROBERT P. ROESSER

1975-01-01

374

Physics Education and Outreach: Models and Responsibilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What are the great challenges and responsibilities in physics education and how do we approach them? This panel discussion will solicit views from a wide range of individuals involved in physics education and outreach on the importance of science literacy and the various ways by which we strive to attain it. Throughout this extended discussion we will consider the multiple arenas in which science education is taking place, how it is finding success, and also how it might be failing. We will consider public outreach, higher education, and public education sectors, all of which are represented by this diverse panel. Comments and questions from the audience will be welcomed during the second half of the conversation.

Bartlett, Albert; Chisholm, James; Johnston, Adam; Palen, Stacy; Smith, Matthew; Walker, Constance

2010-10-01

375

A Simulation and Modeling Framework for Space Situational Awareness  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development and initial demonstration of a new, integrated modeling and simulation framework, encompassing the space situational awareness enterprise, for quantitatively assessing the benefit of specific sensor systems, technologies and data analysis techniques. The framework is based on a flexible, scalable architecture to enable efficient, physics-based simulation of the current SSA enterprise, and to accommodate future advancements in SSA systems. In particular, the code is designed to take advantage of massively parallel computer systems available, for example, at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The details of the modeling and simulation framework are described, including hydrodynamic models of satellite intercept and debris generation, orbital propagation algorithms, radar cross section calculations, optical brightness calculations, generic radar system models, generic optical system models, specific Space Surveillance Network models, object detection algorithms, orbit determination algorithms, and visualization tools. The use of this integrated simulation and modeling framework on a specific scenario involving space debris is demonstrated.

Olivier, S S

2008-09-15

376

Space Physics at UNH FROM THE DAWN OF SPACE EXPLORATION, UNH space scientists, engineers, and  

E-print Network

Space Physics at UNH FROM THE DAWN OF SPACE EXPLORATION, UNH space scientists, engineers, and students in the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (EOS) have worked on mission design and modeling. The Space Science Center, housed at EOS, is engaged in research and graduate education in all

Pringle, James "Jamie"

377

Early Childhood Studies--Students' Participation in the Development of a Learning Space in a Higher Education Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article argues for the participation and involvement of students in developing learning spaces within higher education. In early childhood education there is a strong emphasis upon rights, democracy and planning learning through listening to young children. Taking inspiration from this, the study explores the use of participatory approaches in…

Kanyal, Mallika

2014-01-01

378

Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: Engaging K-12 Educators, Students, and the General Public in Space Science Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The session "Engaging K-12 Educators, Students, and the General Public in Space Science Exploration" included the following reports:Training Informal Educators Provides Leverage for Space Science Education and Public Outreach; Teacher Leaders in Research Based Science Education: K-12 Teacher Retention, Renewal, and Involvement in Professional Science; Telling the Tale of Two Deserts: Teacher Training and Utilization of a New Standards-based, Bilingual E/PO Product; Lindstrom M. M. Tobola K. W. Stocco K. Henry M. Allen J. S. McReynolds J. Porter T. T. Veile J. Space Rocks Tell Their Secrets: Space Science Applications of Physics and Chemistry for High School and College Classes -- Update; Utilizing Mars Data in Education: Delivering Standards-based Content by Exposing Educators and Students to Authentic Scientific Opportunities and Curriculum; K. E. Little Elementary School and the Young Astronaut Robotics Program; Integrated Solar System Exploration Education and Public Outreach: Theme, Products and Activities; and Online Access to the NEAR Image Collection: A Resource for Educators and Scientists.

2004-01-01

379

Contesting Spaces for Implementation: (Im)Possibilities of Religious Education Curriculum Policy for Secondary Schools In Malawi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We review spaces of contest in the formulation and implementation of the Religious Education curriculum through an exploration of the understandings regarding the dual-mode Religious Education (RE) curriculum policy for secondary schools in Malawi. Six leaders of nationally organised faith communities in Malawi were interviewed about their…

Sookrajh, Reshma; McCloud, Salanjira

2009-01-01

380

Engaging learners outside the classroom walls: Preliminary evaluation of three informal STEM education programs at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD USA 20771  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tomorrow's classroom may not be a classroom. In fact, it may not be a room at all. With a recent focus on summer learning and the understanding that much of the achievement gap may be directly related to "unequal access to summer learning opportunities" (National Summer Learning Association, 2011 & Russo, 2011), educators are targeting after-school and summer-times to fill the gap. For those students who "don't get it" during the day, a longer school day may not be the solution. More of the same is not always better. Different, on the other hand, may well be the key to improved learning and may drive the model of education in the future. The nature of this investigation was to identify those informal education programs at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (Greenbelt, Maryland USA) that instilled inspiration and engagement in participants. During 2011, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center hosted two such programs and supported a third: an open house event for the general public, a museum educators' workshop, and NASA's BEST Students (NBS) educator professional development at the Los Angeles, California Unified School District (LAUSD) "Beyond the Bell" after-school program. Each was a unique experience. The open house drew approximately 15,000 with over 4,000 taking part in structured informal educational programs, the workshop supported 30 informal educators from museums across the United States, and NBS hosted 33 after-school coach-educators from LAUSD. Formative evaluation of these programs was carried out and preliminary results indicate high levels of engagement, desire for follow-on learning, and interest in additional hands-on and partnership opportunities. Each event enjoyed positive reviews and each served to further deploy high-quality NASA STEM content to learners. This work was first presented at the American Geophysical Union 2011 Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California. Since then, additional museum educators' workshop data has been collected and NBS has been added.

Robbins, G.; Delaney, M.; Conaty, C.; Gabrys, R.

2012-04-01

381

Meaningful experiences in science education: Engaging the space researcher in a cultural transformation to greater science literacy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The visceral appeal of space science and exploration is a very powerful emotional connection to a very large and diverse collection of people, most of whom have little or no perspective about what it means to do science and engineering. Therein lies the potential of space for a substantially enhanced positive impact on culture through education. This essay suggests that through engaging more of the space research and development community in enabling unique and 'meaningful educational experiences' for educators and students at the pre-collegiate levels, space science and exploration can amplify its positive feedback on society and act as an important medium for cultural transformation to greater science literacy. I discuss the impact of space achievements on people and define what is meant by a 'meaningful educational experience,' all of which points to the need for educators and students to be closer to the practice of real science. I offer descriptions of two nascent science education programs associated with NASA which have the needed characteristics for providing meaningful experiences that can cultivate greater science literacy. Expansion of these efforts and others like it will be needed to have the desired impact on culture, but I suggest that the potential for the needed resources is there in the scientific research communities. A society in which more people appreciate and understand science and science methods would be especially conducive to human progress in space and on Earth.

Morrow, Cherilynn A.

1993-01-01

382

Modeling Secondary Instructional Strategies in a Teacher Education Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most teacher education courses, instructional strategies are merely listed and explained. Students rarely have the opportunity to see these strategies in use until they become student teachers. What better way to teach secondary instructional strategies to pre-service teachers than by modeling these strategies using teacher education content?…

Watson, Sandy White; Bradley, Janetta Fleming

2009-01-01

383

Clinical Reasoning in Athletic Training Education: Modeling Expert Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To a ddress the need for a more definitive approach to critical thinking during athletic training educational experiences by introducing the clinical reasoning model for critical thinking. Background: Educators ar e awar e of the need to t each students how to t hink critically. The m ultiple do mains of athletic training are comprehensive and complex. Thinking is

Paul R. Geisler; Todd W. Lazenby

2009-01-01

384

A Simultaneous Model of Education Supply and Demand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An economic model of educational supply and demand was tested using cross-sectional data for the 95 Virginia county school districts. Three equations were hypothesized: (1) the quantity supply functions; (2) the quantity demand function; and (3) the quality demand function. The variables in the equations are education expenditures, percent of 9th…

McNamara, Kevin T.; And Others

385

A Review of Research on Universal Design Educational Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universal design for learning (UDL) has gained considerable attention in the field of special education, acclaimed for its promise to promote inclusion by supporting access to the general curriculum. In addition to UDL, there are two other universal design (UD) educational models referenced in the literature, universal design of instruction (UDI)…

Rao, Kavita; Ok, Min Wook; Bryant, Brian R.

2014-01-01

386

A Theoretical Framework for Physics Education Research: Modeling Student Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is a goal-oriented field. But if we want to treat education scientifically so we can accumulate, evaluate, and refine what we learn, then we must develop a theoretical framework that is strongly rooted in objective observations and through which different theoretical models of student thinking can be compared. Much that is known in the…

Redish, Edward F.

2004-01-01

387

: A TECHNOLOGICAL MODEL FOR ONLINE RESOURCE CENTRE IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION  

E-print Network

OCTOPUS(*) : A TECHNOLOGICAL MODEL FOR ONLINE RESOURCE CENTRE IN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION Vito J to environmental education. All activities take place in the frame of Minerva project OCTOPUS: "Trans- national on-line of Cluj, 26 Baritiu Str., 3400 CLUJ ­ ROMANIA http://www.octopus-eu.org KEYWORDS: Resource centre online

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Research in Distance Education: A System Modeling Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This demonstration of the use of a computer simulation research method based on the System Dynamics modeling technique for studying distance education reviews research methods in distance education, including the broad categories of conceptual and case studies, and presents a rationale for the application of systems research in this area. The…

Saba, Farhad; Twitchell, David

389

Clinical Reasoning in Athletic Training Education: Modeling Expert Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To address the need for a more definitive approach to critical thinking during athletic training educational experiences by introducing the clinical reasoning model for critical thinking. Background: Educators are aware of the need to teach students how to think critically. The multiple domains of athletic training are comprehensive and…

Geisler, Paul R.; Lazenby, Todd W.

2009-01-01

390

A Model for Continuing Education for Special Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the needs that exist and the scarcity of programs in this area, a model for continuing education for the Special Libraries Association through which its members can arrange an educational program to suit their particular needs is proposed. (Author)

Kirk, Artemis Gargal

1976-01-01

391

Health Science Technology Education (HSTE). A Working Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the model that was jointly developed by representatives of the Texas Education Agency and University of Texas at Austin (UTA) to inject the state's existing health science technology education (HSTE) program with tech prep components and Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS) competencies. Presented…

McCarty, Sally; And Others

392

Analyzing and Modelling the Interconnected Cyber Space1  

E-print Network

1 Analyzing and Modelling the Interconnected Cyber Space1 H. Monsuur, R.E. Kooij and P. Van Mieghem Chapter in `Challenges in Cyber Warfare', Netherlands to confront the challenges of cyber warfare and crime. The literature abounds

Van Mieghem, Piet

393

Hallucination machine : a body centric model of space perception  

E-print Network

In this thesis I present a novel approach to space perception. I provide a body-centric computational model, The Hallucination Machine, that integrates bodily knowledge with senses in a common modality which I call "the ...

Zaman, C??gri Hakan

2014-01-01

394

Resampling in State Space Models David S. Stoffer  

E-print Network

modern treatment of time series analysis based on the state space model is the text by Durbin and Koopman, 1982), medicine (e.g. Jones, 1984) and molecular biology (e.g. Stultz, et al, 1993). An excellent

395

Deep Space Orbital Service Model for Virtual Planetary Science Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An extension of the orbital service model, a technique for coordinating mission services between multiple spacecraft, is presented. This facilitates the creation of virtual uploadable ‘app’ missions to deep space probes.

Straub, J.

2014-06-01

396

Explorations in Education and Public Outreach in Space Sciences - a Wisconsin Experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To better serve the Education and Public Outreach needs of federally funded space science research programs at the University of Wisconsin, an Office of Space Science Education has recently been established on the University of Wisconsin-Madison campus. This office also acts as the campus focus for the Wisconsin Space Grant Consortium, and has undertaken a broad spectrum of interdisciplinary space science programs in the past several years. These activities range from a public exhibition focusing on current space exploration in conjunction with the DPS '98 meeting in Madison, WI that attracted over 5,000 students and teachers from across the state, to organizing state-of-the-art HDTV presentations on earth remote sensing topics at a Milwaukee science museum. Programs for students have included development and support of a six week solar system exploration program in the Milwaukee Public Schools for at-risk students, a two week college access program for minority middle school students, the NASA/QEM/SHARP Plus program for minority high school students, and a web based journal for middle school science projects (SPARK). Teacher professional development efforts include summer workshops for academic credit, year-round classroom support for pilot school programs, and support for development of standards-based curriculum in both space science and earth remote sensing topics. Public outreach activities have included evening family activities and public lectures at the Space Place, an off-campus outreach center, and an ask-a-scientist web based program. These efforts continue to affirm the need for effective outreach programs for diverse and multigenerational communities. In spite of the growing recognition at both the state and federal level for an improved level of literacy in the space-related sciences, sustainable support, program opportunities and logistical implementation continue to pose significant challenges. We gratefully acknowledge the support we have received from NASA, NOAA, the Division for Planetary Sciences of the AAS (space exploration exhibition), the University of Wisconsin System and the Eisenhower Professional Development Program.

Limaye, S. S.; Pertzborn, R. A.

1999-09-01

397

Agent-based modeling of human education data Yuqing Tang  

E-print Network

those that the traditional model can provide. 2. A MODEL OF HUMAN CAPITAL The model that we consider for human societies to stratify by level of education -- so-called human capital. The model from [3] gives the level of human capital zi,t+1 of members of the t + 1th generation of the ith dynasty as being: zi,t+1

Sklar, Elizabeth

398

General Education Course Sequence in Sustainability Models 1 & 2  

E-print Network

with the interactions of just about everything with just about everything else. Model 3 A third approach locations shaped the human cultures that evolved there. #12;These ideas provide a third modelGeneral Education Course Sequence in Sustainability Models 1 & 2 We began with two models of what

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

399

Making long-term memories in minutes: a spaced learning pattern from memory research in education  

PubMed Central

Memory systems select from environmental stimuli those to encode permanently. Repeated stimuli separated by timed spaces without stimuli can initiate Long-Term Potentiation (LTP) and long-term memory (LTM) encoding. These processes occur in time scales of minutes, and have been demonstrated in many species. This study reports on using a specific timed pattern of three repeated stimuli separated by 10 min spaces drawn from both behavioral and laboratory studies of LTP and LTM encoding. A technique was developed based on this pattern to test whether encoding complex information into LTM in students was possible using the pattern within a very short time scale. In an educational context, stimuli were periods of highly compressed instruction, and spaces were created through 10 min distractor activities. Spaced Learning in this form was used as the only means of instruction for a national curriculum Biology course, and led to very rapid LTM encoding as measured by the high-stakes test for the course. Remarkably, learning at a greatly increased speed and in a pattern that included deliberate distraction produced significantly higher scores than random answers (p < 0.00001) and scores were not significantly different for experimental groups (one hour spaced learning) and control groups (four months teaching). Thus learning per hour of instruction, as measured by the test, was significantly higher for the spaced learning groups (p < 0.00001). In a third condition, spaced learning was used to replace the end of course review for one of two examinations. Results showed significantly higher outcomes for the course using spaced learning (p < 0.0005). The implications of these findings and further areas for research are briefly considered. PMID:24093012

Kelley, Paul; Whatson, Terry

2013-01-01

400

Lesson Plan Prototype for International Space Station's Interactive Video Education Events  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The outreach and education components of the International Space Station Program are creating a number of materials, programs, and activities that educate and inform various groups as to the implementation and purposes of the International Space Station. One of the strategies for disseminating this information to K-12 students involves an electronic class room using state of the art video conferencing technology. K-12 classrooms are able to visit the JSC, via an electronic field trip. Students interact with outreach personnel as they are taken on a tour of ISS mockups. Currently these events can be generally characterized as: Being limited to a one shot events, providing only one opportunity for students to view the ISS mockups; Using a "one to many" mode of communications; Using a transmissive, lecture based method of presenting information; Having student interactions limited to Q&A during the live event; Making limited use of media; and Lacking any formal, performance based, demonstration of learning on the part of students. My project involved developing interactive lessons for K-12 students (specifically 7th grade) that will reflect a 2nd generation design for electronic field trips. The goal of this design will be to create electronic field trips that will: Conform to national education standards; More fully utilize existing information resources; Integrate media into field trip presentations; Make support media accessible to both presenters and students; Challenge students to actively participate in field trip related activities; and Provide students with opportunities to demonstrate learning

Zigon, Thomas

1999-01-01

401

The Dinosaur Education Project: A Curriculum Model for Standards-Based Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This curriculum model represents an entire school district's attempt to use paleontology to implement standards-based education reforms. While most colleges do not have a dinosaur available for student and teacher use, the project provides a template for partnerships between colleges and local school districts. The curriculum can be adopted by teachers to institute standards-based classroom practice and by education professors to model standards-based pedagogy for pre-service teachers. Examples of curriculum activities are included.

Wixom, Jo

402

Modeling International Space Station (ISS) Floating Potentials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The floating potential of the International Space Station (ISS) as a function of the electron current collection of its high voltage solar array panels is derived analytically. Based on Floating Potential Probe (FPP) measurements of the ISS potential and ambient plasma characteristics, it is shown that the ISS floating potential is a strong function of the electron temperature of the surrounding plasma. While the ISS floating potential has so far not attained the pre-flight predicted highly negative values, it is shown that for future mission builds, ISS must continue to provide two-fault tolerant arc-hazard protection for astronauts on EVA.

Ferguson, Dale C.; Gardner, Barbara

2002-01-01

403

Evaluation Model on Education Effect of Team Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the acceleration of the worldwide globalization, the fluidity of the person on the earth scale advances these days. So guaranteeing the quality of the education and coping with diversification of the social need are demanded to the higher education system. Therefore, colleges and universities are introducing the activity utilized their originality and characteristic, and then promoting the educational reform. However, in those activities, the participant is usually limited or it is difficult to evaluate educational effect. In this paper, to contribute to building up an appropriate evaluation model for the team activity, evaluation systems of these activity of our college are presented and estimated; supplementary lesson, creation training, contest, etc.

Kobayashi, Hiroshi; Uchida, Tatsuo; Ishiyama, Jun-Ichi; Ito, Masahiko; Tanigaki, Miho; Kanno, Hiroyuki

404

Is space expanding in the Friedmann universe models?  

E-print Network

The interpretation of the expanding universe as an expansion of space has recently been challenged. From the geodesic equation in Friedmann universe models and the empty Milne model, we argue that a Newtonian or special relativistic analysis is not applicable on large scales, and the general relativistic interpretation in terms of expanding space has the advantage of being globally consistent. We also show that the cosmic redshift, interpreted as an expansion effect, containts both the Doppler effect and the gravitational frequency shift.

Oyvind Gron; Oystein Elgaroy

2006-09-18

405

The October 1973 space shuttle traffic model, revision 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Traffic model data for the space shuttle for calendar years 1980 through 1991 are presented along with some supporting and summary data. This model was developed from the 1973 NASA Payload Model, dated October 1973, and the NASA estimate of the 1973 Non-NASA/Non-DoD Payload Model. The estimates for the DoD flights included are based on the 1971 DoD Mission Model.

1974-01-01

406

A simplified dynamic model of the Space Shuttle main engine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simplified model is presented of the space shuttle main engine (SSME) dynamics valid within the range of operation of the engine. This model is obtained by linking the linearized point models obtained at 25 different operating points of SSME. The simplified model was developed for use with a model-based diagnostic scheme for failure detection and diagnostics studies, as well as control design purposes.

Duyar, Ahmet; Eldem, Vasfi; Merrill, Walter; Guo, Ten-Huei

1991-01-01

407

Van Allen Probes Mission Space Academy: Educating middle school students about Earth's mysterious radiation belts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How's the weather in space? Why on Earth did NASA send two satellites above Earth to study radiation belts and space weather? To learn the answer to questions about NASA's Van Allen Probes mission, 450 students and their teachers from Maryland middle schools attended Space Academy events highlighting the Van Allen Probes mission. Sponsored by the Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and Discovery Education, the events are held at the APL campus in Laurel, MD. Space Academies take students and teachers on behind-the-scenes exploration of how spacecraft are built, what they are designed to study, and introduces them to the many professionals that work together to create some of NASA's most exciting projects. Moderated by a public relations representative in the format of an official NASA press conference, the daylong event includes a student press conference with students as reporters and mission experts as panelists. Lunch with mission team members gives students a chance to ask more questions. After lunch, students don souvenir clean room suits, enjoy interactive science demonstrations, and tour APL facilities where the Van Allen Probes were built and tested before launch. Students may even have an opportunity to peek inside a clean room to view spacecraft being assembled. Prior to the event, teachers are provided with classroom activities, lesson plans, and videos developed by APL and Discovery Education to help prepare students for the featured mission. The activities are aligned to National Science Education Standards and appropriate for use in the classroom. Following their visit, student journalists are encouraged to write a short article about their field trip; selections are posted on the Space Academy web site. Designed to engage, inspire, and influence attitudes about space science and STEM careers, Space Academies provide an opportunity to attract underserved populations and emphasize that space science is for everyone. Exposing students to a diverse group of scientists and engineers may alleviate some common stereotypes about these careers. When students engage with the scientists and engineers at APL, they see first-hand that successful science and engineering requires a diverse team with multi-disciplinary backgrounds. Activities throughout the day develop student understanding about science and technology, and address the fundamental concepts that fall under the National Science Education Content Standards. Students are immersed in a hands-on experience designed to facilitate understanding of the History and Nature of Science. Throughout the day students interact with people of diverse backgrounds and interests while hearing about the specific ways various individuals and teams of people contribute to the science and technology of the mission, addressing the concepts which fall under the headings of Science as a Human Endeavor, Nature of Science, and History of Science. Getting students outside the classroom to visit APL is an exclusive opportunity; evaluations have indicated that students became interested in learning more about space science and STEM careers after attending a Space Academy event.

Butler, L.; Turney, D.; Matiella Novak, A.; Smith, D.; Simon, M.

2013-12-01

408

Dynamical phase space from an SO (d ,d ) matrix model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that a matrix model with SO (d ,d ) global symmetry is derived from a generalized Yang-Mills theory on the standard Courant algebroid. This model keeps all the positive features of the well-studied type IIB matrix model, and it has many additional welcome properties. We show that it not only captures the dynamics of spacetime, but it should be associated with the dynamics of phase space. This is supported by a large set of classical solutions of its equations of motion, which corresponds to phase spaces of noncommutative curved manifolds and points to a new mechanism of emergent gravity. The model possesses a symmetry that exchanges positions and momenta, in analogy to quantum mechanics. It is argued that the emergence of phase space in the model is an essential feature for the investigation of the precise relation of matrix models to string theory and quantum gravity.

Chatzistavrakidis, Athanasios

2014-12-01

409

APL experience with space weather modeling and transition to operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In response to the growing space weather needs, the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) developed and delivered twenty two state of the art space weather products under the auspice of the University Partnering in Operational Support program, initiated in 1998. These products offer nowcasts and forecasts for the region spanning from the Sun to the Earth. Some of these products have been transitioned to the Air Force Weather Agency and other space weather centers. The transition process is quite different from research modeling, requiring additional staff with different sets of expertise. Recently, APL has developed a space weather web page to serve these products to the research and user community. For the initial stage, we have chosen ten of these products to be served from our website, which is presently still under construction. APL’s experience, lessons learned, and successes from developing space weather models, the transition to operations process and the webpage access will be shared and discussed

Zanetti, L. J.; Wing, S.

2009-12-01

410

Probabilistic Modeling of Space Shuttle Debris Impact  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On Feb 1, 2003, the Shuttle Columbia was lost during its return to Earth. As a result of the conclusion that debris impact caused the damage to the left wing of the Columbia Space Shuttle Vehicle (SSV) during ascent, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board recommended that an assessment be performed of the debris environment experienced by the SSV during ascent. A flight rationale based on probabilistic assessment is used for the SSV return-to-flight. The assessment entails identifying all potential debris sources, their probable geometric and aerodynamic characteristics, and their potential for impacting and damaging critical Shuttle components. A probabilistic analysis tool, based on the SwRI-developed NESSUS probabilistic analysis software, predicts the probability of impact and damage to the space shuttle wing leading edge and thermal protection system components. Among other parameters, the likelihood of unacceptable damage depends on the time of release (Mach number of the orbiter) and the divot mass as well as the impact velocity and impact angle. A typical result is visualized in the figures below. Probability of impact and damage, as well as the sensitivities thereof with respect to the distribution assumptions, can be computed and visualized at each point on the orbiter or summarized per wing panel or tile zone.

Huyse, Luc J.; Asce, M.; Waldhart, Chris J.; Riha, David S.; Larsen, Curtis E.; Gomez, Reynaldo J.; Stuart, Phillip C.

2007-01-01

411

In Search of a Croatian Model of Nursing Education  

PubMed Central

Aim To analyze the present status and ongoing reforms of nursing education in Europe, to compare it with the situation in Croatia, and to propose a new educational model that corresponds to the needs of the Croatian health care system. Methods The literature on contemporary nursing education in Europe and North America was reviewed, together with European Commission directives and regulations, as well as pertinent World Health Organization documents. In addition, 20 recent annual reports from 2003-2009, submitted by national nursing associations to the Workgroup of European Nurse Researchers, were studied. Results After appraisal of current trends, the Working Group on Reform of Nursing Education drafted The Croatian Model for Education in Nursing and developed a three-cycle curriculum with syllabus. The proposed curriculum is radically different from traditional ones. Responding to modern demands, it focuses on outcomes (developing competencies) and is evidence-based. Conclusions A new, Croatian concept of nursing education is presented that is concordant with reforms in nursing education in other European countries. It holds promise for making nursing education an integral part of a unified European system of higher education. PMID:20960588

Šimunovi?, Vladimir J.; Županovi?, Marija; Mihanovi?, Frane; Zemunik, Tatijana; Bradari?, Nikola; Jankovi?, Stipan

2010-01-01

412

A paradigm shift in nursing education: a new model.  

PubMed

Nurse educators are being inspired to rethink historically teacher-centered curriculum designs and to embrace new ideologies that have a stronger focus on student-centered learning. The paradigm shift is reflected in the National League for Nursing's call for nursing education to respond to the changing needs of our student population by providing an educational learning environment substantiated in evidence for both curriculum and pedagogical practice. To meet these expectations, education should provide active learning that promotes critical thinking and analysis and problem-solving skills. This article presents a model for higher education in nursing that takes into account the learner, the instructor, and the systems that influence their relationships, providing congruence for educational outcomes. PMID:21280445

Stanley, Mary Jo C; Dougherty, Jacalyn P

2010-01-01

413

Kinematical properties of topologically nontrivial models of space-time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using simple geometric models of wormholes as examples, we analyze the influence of the boundary conditions arising as a result of sewing the inner and outer spaces, on the casual structure of space-time and clock synchronization. It is shown that the relativity principle cannot be applied to the motion of the wormhole in the outer space. We demonstrate that it is impossible to dynamically transform a wormhole into a time machine. It is noted that the considered models are counterexamples to a number of statements concerning causality violation.

Konstantinov, M. Y.

1992-12-01

414

Astronomy Education Programs at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy educators present the range of astronomy education programming available at the National Air and Space Museum, including the following. In the Phoebe Waterman Haas Public Observatory, visitors use telescopes and other scientific equipment to observe and discuss the Sun, Venus, and other celestial sights in an unstructured, inquiry-based environment. At Discovery Stations throughout the Museum, staff and volunteers engage visitors in hands-on exploration of a wide range of artifacts and teaching materials. Astronomy-related Discovery Stations include Cosmic Survey, an exploration of gravitational lensing using a rubber sheet, spectroscopy using discharge tubes, and several others. Astronomy lectures in the planetarium or IMAX theater, featuring researchers as the speakers, include a full evening of activities: a custom pre-lecture Discovery Station, a handout to help visitors explore the topic in more depth, and evening stargazing at the Public Observatory. Astronomy educators present planetarium shows, including star tours and explorations of recent science news. During Astronomy Chat, an astronomy researcher engages visitors in an informal conversation about science. The goal is to make the public feel welcome in the environment of professional research and to give busy scientists a convenient outreach opportunity. Astronomy educators also recruit, train, and coordinate a corps of volunteers who contribute their efforts to the programming above. The volunteer program has grown significantly since the Public Observatory was built in 2009.

Nagy, Katie; de Messieres, G.; Edson, S.

2014-01-01

415

Leadership Competence Educational Model for a Twenty-First Century Nursing Doctoral Education in Contemporary Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author proposes a nursing education model about leadership that can be used to improve the leadership skills of nursing doctoral students. This model is developed at the University of Michigan School of Nursing. In developing this model, the author had the opportunity to observe the University of Michigan, School of Nursing…

Terzioglu, Fusun

2011-01-01

416

Dynamics Simulation Model for Space Tethers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document describes the development of an accurate model for the dynamics of the Momentum Exchange Electrodynamic Reboost (MXER) system. The MXER is a rotating tether about 100-km long in elliptical Earth orbit designed to catch payloads in low Earth orbit and throw them to geosynchronous orbit or to Earth escape. To ensure successful rendezvous between the MXER tip catcher and a payload, a high-fidelity model of the system dynamics is required. The model developed here quantifies the major environmental perturbations, and can predict the MXER tip position to within meters over one orbit.

Levin, E. M.; Pearson, J.; Oldson, J. C.

2006-01-01

417

Models of remote manipulation in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robots involved in high value manipulation must be effectively coupled to a human operator either at the work-site or remotely connected via communication links. In order to make use of experimental performance evaluation data, models must be developed. Powerful models of remote manipulation by humans can be used to predict manipulation performance in future systems based on today's laboratory systems. In this paradigm, the models are developed from experimental data, and then used to predict performance in slightly different situations. Second, accurate telemanipulation will allow design of manipulation systems which extend manipulation capability beyond its current bounds.

Hannaford, Blake

1991-01-01

418

Unified seismic-wave imaging - from data space to model space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under operator, matrix and inverse theory, seismic-wave imaging can be considered a uni- fied process—mapping from data space to model space. The main topics in seismic-wave imaging include (1) seismic-data interpolation, regulari zation and redatuming, which mainly decrease the imaging noise; (2) seismic-wave illumination analysis, which pre- dicts whether a target reflector can be imaged and evaluates t he suitability

Huazhong Wang; Guojian Shan

2005-01-01

419

Astrophysics Science Division Education and Public Outreach at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Whether by participating in an after-school program or perusing a blog, discovering the marvels of the universe can inspire a love of astronomy, and science in general, in students and adults alike. The Astrophysics Science Division's (ASD) Education and Public Outreach (EPO) team at NASA's Goddard Space Flight develops programs and curricula to engage students, educators and the general public in the exciting research being done at Goddard and to foster a better understanding of the universe in general. The ASD EPO team provides formal, informal and outreach materials and programming covering all aspects of astrophysics, including topics such as stellar evolution, galaxies, black holes, supernovae, telescopes and spectroscopy. The programs are designed to engage students in hands-on learning activities and to formulate content in such a way that it is relevant to the audience. These programs are essential to enhance the public's understanding of astronomy, to inspire young minds and garner public support for astronomy research.

Tucker, Faith

2011-01-01

420

Integrating Teaching and Research: A New Model for Graduate Education?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New models of graduate education are emerging in response to the need to prepare students for careers involving not only research but also teaching, outreach, service, and interdisciplinary work. One such model is provided by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Graduate Teaching Fellows in K12 Education (GK12) program, which challenges universities to build educational outreach into graduate education. Thirty-three percent of the GK12 faculty advisors at Cornell University credited the fellowship with improving their advisees' research or perspectives on science, and 89 percent reported that it enhanced their advisees' teaching skills. Because Cornell fellows create and use curriculum materials related to their own specialized field of science, they gain experience integrating education with research. By implementing and evaluating student-centered teaching strategies, they also engage in the scholarship of teaching in ways that many fellows have said will carry over into their careers.

Nancy M. Trautmann (Cornell University;); Marianne Krasny (Cornell University;)

2006-06-01

421

A Capacity for Learning: Revising Space and Utilization Standards for California Public Higher Education. Commission Report 90-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of space and utilization standards in California public higher education culminated in several principles that should govern the changes in space and utilization standards generally. These principles were as follows: (1) changes should be conceputally simple, consolidating various formulaic elements into single standards wherever…

California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

422

Radiation dosimetry and biophysical models of space radiation effects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Estimating the biological risks from space radiation remains a difficult problem because of the many radiation types including protons, heavy ions, and secondary neutrons, and the absence of epidemiology data for these radiation types. Developing useful biophysical parameters or models that relate energy deposition by space particles to the probabilities of biological outcomes is a complex problem. Physical measurements of space radiation include the absorbed dose, dose equivalent, and linear energy transfer (LET) spectra. In contrast to conventional dosimetric methods, models of radiation track structure provide descriptions of energy deposition events in biomolecules, cells, or tissues, which can be used to develop biophysical models of radiation risks. In this paper, we address the biophysical description of heavy particle tracks in the context of the interpretation of both space radiation dosimetry and radiobiology data, which may provide insights into new approaches to these problems.

Cucinotta, Francis A.; Wu, Honglu; Shavers, Mark R.; George, Kerry

2003-01-01

423

Radiation dosimetry and biophysical models of space radiation effects.  

PubMed

Estimating the biological risks from space radiation remains a difficult problem because of the many radiation types including protons, heavy ions, and secondary neutrons, and the absence of epidemiology data for these radiation types. Developing useful biophysical parameters or models that relate energy deposition by space particles to the probabilities of biological outcomes is a complex problem. Physical measurements of space radiation include the absorbed dose, dose equivalent, and linear energy transfer (LET) spectra. In contrast to conventional dosimetric methods, models of radiation track structure provide descriptions of energy deposition events in biomolecules, cells, or tissues, which can be used to develop biophysical models of radiation risks. In this paper, we address the biophysical description of heavy particle tracks in the context of the interpretation of both space radiation dosimetry and radiobiology data, which may provide insights into new approaches to these problems. PMID:12959127

Cucinotta, Francis A; Wu, Honglu; Shavers, Mark R; George, Kerry

2003-06-01

424

The 2004 Transit of Venus as a Space Science Education Opportunity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We will present some of the programs and activities that NASA and its missions are preparing in order to support public and K12 education in space science and astronomy using the 2004 transit of Venus as a focal event. The upcoming transit of Venus on June 8 offers a unique opportunity to educate students and the general public about the scale of the solar system and the universe, as well as basic issues in comparative planetology. NASA's Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum is offering a number of programs to take advantage of this rare event. Among these are a live web cast from Spain of the entire transit, a series of radio and TV programs directed at students and the general public, a web cast describing extra-solar planet searches using the transit geometry, and archived observations produced by public observatories and student-operated solar viewers. The NASA/OSS Education Forums will also partner with science museums, planetaria and teachers across the country to bring the transit of Venus 'down to Earth'. In addition to offering enrichment activities in mathematics and space science, we also describe collaborations that have yielded unique historical resources including online archives of newspaper articles from the 1874 and 1882 transits. In addition, in collaboration with the Library of Congress Music Division, we have supported a modern re-orchestration of John Philip Sousa's Transit of Venus March which has not been performed since 1883. We anticipate that the transit of Venus will be a significant event of considerable public interest and curiosity, if the newspaper headlines from the transit seen in 1882 are any indication.

Odenwald, S.; Mayo, L.; Vondrak, R.; Thieman, J.; Hawkins, I.; Schultz, G.

2003-12-01

425

Narratively Speaking: Oscillating in the Liminal Space of Science Education Between Two Worlds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aboriginal success in the sciences is rare and as a consequent result there is little Aboriginal representation in science related-disciplines such as medicine, nursing, science education and scientific research to name a few. The Western academic system has historically been unfriendly to Aboriginal people with little understanding of Aboriginal Ways-of-Knowing and learning and as a result many Aboriginal people struggle academically in trying to bridge Aboriginal to Western ways-of-knowing and learning. But some have succeeded while maintaining their cultural identity, in spite of the odds. This research examines Aboriginal success at post-secondary education, specifically the ways in which those who succeeded did when so many have not. The narratives of experience of Aboriginal women and men from Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, who have journeyed through post-secondary education, with a specific although not an entire, focus on the sciences were collected. Additionally the narratives of those who left, as well as those who are currently on their academic journey, were collected. Through narrative analysis, it was found those who did succeed were able to see the space between the two opposing paradigms, Western and Aboriginal, as a space of possibility, a liminal space, rather than as a gap of deficiency. They had a dream or a vision of a different life, the will or inner strength to get the skills while at the same time maintaining their cultural identity and integrity. How they were able to do that is examined in this dissertation. The concept of the medicine wheel is used to metaphorically indicate the non-linearity of their journey and the inter-related and relatedness of how they were able to bridge both cultures. Understanding from the Aboriginal perspective, first-hand how they were able to succeed, to have voice and a subjective place in Western education is valuable information for those currently on, or embarking on that journey. As well, it will serve to inform post-secondary institutions and instructors of those institutions what is necessary for Aboriginal success in post-secondary education.

Hogue, Michelle Marie

2011-12-01

426

Space Weather Models, Tools and Services at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Community Coordinated Modeling center (CCMC) is a multi-agency partnership to support the research and developmental work necessary to substantially increase space weather modeling capabilities and to facilitate advanced models deployment in forecasting operations. The CCMC conducts unbiased model testing and validation and evaluates model readiness for operational environment. Space weather models and coupled model chains hosted at the CCMC range from the solar corona to the Earth's upper atmosphere. CCMC has developed a number of real-time modeling systems, as well as a large number of modeling and data products tailored to address the space weather needs of NASA's robotic missions. The presentation will demonstrate the rapid progress towards development the system allowing using products derived from space weather models in applications associated with National Space Weather needs. The adaptable Integrated Space Weather Analysis (ISWA) System developed at CCMC for NASA-relevant space weather information combines forecasts based on advanced space weather models hosted at CCMC with concurrent space environment information. The system is also enabling post-impact analysis and flexible dissemination of space weather information.

Kuznetsova, M. M.; Hesse, M.; Maddox, M.; Rastaetter, L.; Berrios, D.; Pulkkinen, A.; Zheng, Y.; MacNeice, P. J.; Shim, J.; Takakishvili, A.; Chulaki, A.

2010-01-01

427

[Evaluation of a face model for surgical education].  

PubMed

The complex anatomy of the human face requires a high degree of experience and skills in surgical dressing of facial soft tissue defects. The previous education contains literature studies and supervision during surgery, according to surgical spectrum of the educating hospital. A structured education including a training of different surgical methods on a model and slow increase of complexity could improve considerably the following education related to the patient.During a cooperative project, the 3?di GmbH and the Department of Otolaryngology at the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena developed a face model for surgical education that allows the training of surgical interventions in the face. The model was used during the 6th and 8th Jena Workshop for Functional and Aesthetic Surgery as well as a workshop for surgical suturation, and tested and evaluated by the attendees.The attendees mostly rated the work-ability of the models and the possibility to practice on a realistic face model with artificial skin very well and beneficial. This model allows a repeatable and structured education of surgical standards, and is very helpful in preparation for operating facial defects of a patient. PMID:21913151

Schneider, G; Voigt, S; Rettinger, G

2011-09-01

428

A State-Space Model for National Football League Scores  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a predictive model for National Football League (NFL) game scores using data from the period 1988–1993. The parameters of primary interest—measures of team strength—are expected to vary over time. Our model accounts for this source of variability by modeling football outcomes using a state-space model that assumes team strength parameters follow a first-order autoregressive process. Two sources

Mark E. Glickman; Hal S. Stern

1998-01-01

429

Kenya and distance education: a model to advance graduate nursing.  

PubMed

Africa is faced with a myriad of challenges, such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and a variety of political and historical complications that have affected the educational system for advanced nursing practice. In Kenya, the current situation in the higher education sector does not give nurses an opportunity to pursue graduate education after they have acquired the basic diploma in nursing due to limited government support and the type of education system existing in the country today. Although distance education has been available in Kenya for professionals such as teachers, in public universities, this kind of opportunity is unreachable for nurses who are working and need to further their education. Nurses desire to have access to advanced practice education to equip them with the relevant knowledge to cope and address the complex health issues arising in the management and care of patients. A collaborative model is presented as a potential solution for this need. Four major constituents are identified including hospitals and agencies, communities of interest, Kenyan universities and international education partners. Each has a part to play including contributions to information, communication of opinion and expertise, money and support, infrastructure and in-kind resources. Distance education is cost-effective and will help in building capacity at various levels of nursing including leadership in clinical practice, teaching, administration and research. PMID:22845642

Mutea, Naomi; Cullen, Deborah

2012-08-01

430

Structural Equation Modelling: A Primer for Music Education Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structural equation modelling (SEM) is a method for analysis of multivariate data from both non-experimental and experimental research. The method combines a structural model linking latent variables and a measurement model linking observed variables with latent variables. Its use in social science and educational research has grown since the…

Teo, Timothy

2010-01-01

431

Mathematical Modeling in Mathematics Education: Basic Concepts and Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematical modeling and its role in mathematics education have been receiving increasing attention in Turkey, as in many other countries. The growing body of literature on this topic reveals a variety of approaches to mathematical modeling and related concepts, along with differing perspectives on the use of mathematical modeling in teaching and…

Erbas, Ayhan Kürsat; Kertil, Mahmut; Çetinkaya, Bülent; Çakiroglu, Erdinç; Alacaci, Cengiz; Bas, Sinem

2014-01-01

432

An Analysis of Prevailing K-12 Educational Strategic Planning Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many school districts in recent years have chosen, or have been mandated, to initiate planning process components identical, or closely akin, to those found in strategic planning models designed for educational organizations. Several model components and concepts are universal to the planning models, while other components and concepts are…

Hambright, Grant; Diamantes, Thomas

2004-01-01

433

Preliminary Shuttle Space Suit Shielding Model. Chapter 9  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There are two space suits in current usage within the space program: EMU [2] and Orlan-M Space Suit . The Shuttle space suit components are discussed elsewhere [2,5,6] and serve as a guide to development of the current model. The present model is somewhat simplified in details which are considered to be second order in their effects on exposures. A more systematic approach is ongoing on a part-by-part basis with the most important ones in terms of exposure contributions being addressed first with detailed studies of the relatively thin space suit fabric as the first example . Additional studies to validate the model of the head coverings (bubble, helmet, visors.. .) will be undertaken in the near future. The purpose of this paper is to present the details of the model as it is now and to examine its impact on estimates of astronaut health risks. In this respect, the nonuniform distribution of mass of the space suit provides increased shielding in some directions and some organs. These effects can be most important in terms of health risks and especially critical to evaluation of potential early radiation effects .

Anderson, Brooke M.; Nealy, J. E.; Qualls, G. D.; Staritz, P. J.; Wilson, J. W.; Kim, M.-H. Y.; Cucinotta, F. A.; Atwell, W.; DeAngelis, G.; Ware, J.; Persans, A. E.

2003-01-01

434

Space-time formulation for finite element modeling of superconductors  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a new model for computing the current density and field distributions in superconductors by means of a periodic space-time formulation for finite elements (FE). By considering a space dimension as time, we can use a static model to solve a time dependent problem. This allows overcoming one of the major problems of FE modeling of superconductors: the length of simulations, even for relatively simple cases. We present our first results and compare them to those obtained with a 'standard' time-dependent method and with analytical solutions.

Ashworth, Stephen P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grilli, Francesco [ECOLE POLYTECH. DE MONTREAL; Sirois, Frederic [ECOLE POLYTECH. DE MONTREAL; Laforest, Marc [ECOLE POLYTECH. DE MONTREAL

2008-01-01

435

CAD-model-based vision for space applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A pose acquisition system operating in space must be able to perform well in a variety of different applications including automated guidance and inspections tasks with many different, but known objects. Since the space station is being designed with automation in mind, there will be CAD models of all the objects, including the station itself. The construction of vision models and procedures directly from the CAD models is the goal of this project. The system that is being designed and implementing must convert CAD models to vision models, predict visible features from a given view point from the vision models, construct view classes representing views of the objects, and use the view class model thus derived to rapidly determine the pose of the object from single images and/or stereo pairs.

Shapiro, Linda G.

1988-01-01

436

A Simulation and Modeling Framework for Space Situational Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and initial demonstration of a new, integrated modeling and simulation framework, encompassing the space situational awareness enterprise, for quantitatively assessing the benefit of specific sensor systems, technologies and data analysis techniques. This framework includes detailed models for threat scenarios, signatures, sensors, observables and knowledge extraction algorithms. The framework is based on a flexible, scalable architecture

S. Olivier

2008-01-01

437

Applying reliability models to the maintenance of Space Shuttle software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software reliability models provide the software manager with a powerful tool for predicting, controlling, and assessing the reliability of software during maintenance. We show how a reliability model can be effectively employed for reliability prediction and the development of maintenance strategies using the Space Shuttle Primary Avionics Software Subsystem as an example.

Schneidewind, Norman F.

1992-01-01

438

Driving terrestrial ecosystem models from space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Regional air pollution, land-use conversion, and projected climate change all affect ecosystem processes at large scales. Changes in vegetation cover and growth dynamics can impact the functioning of ecosystems, carbon fluxes, and climate. As a result, there is a need to assess and monitor vegetation structure and function comprehensively at regional to global scales. To provide a test of our present understanding of how ecosystems operate at large scales we can compare model predictions of CO2, O2, and methane exchange with the atmosphere against regional measurements of interannual variation in the atmospheric concentration of these gases. Recent advances in remote sensing of the Earth's surface are beginning to provide methods for estimating important ecosystem variables at large scales. Ecologists attempting to generalize across landscapes have made extensive use of models and remote sensing technology. The success of such ventures is dependent on merging insights and expertise from two distinct fields. Ecologists must provide the understanding of how well models emulate important biological variables and their interactions; experts in remote sensing must provide the biophysical interpretation of complex optical reflectance and radar backscatter data.

Waring, R. H.

1993-01-01

439

Modeling and simulation for space medicine operations: preliminary requirements considered  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Space Medicine program is now developing plans for more extensive use of high-fidelity medical simulation systems. The use of simulation is seen as means to more effectively use the limited time available for astronaut medical training. Training systems should be adaptable for use in a variety of training environments, including classrooms or laboratories, space vehicle mockups, analog environments, and in microgravity. Modeling and simulation can also provide the space medicine development program a mechanism for evaluation of other medical technologies under operationally realistic conditions. Systems and procedures need preflight verification with ground-based testing. Traditionally, component testing has been accomplished, but practical means for "human in the loop" verification of patient care systems have been lacking. Medical modeling and simulation technology offer potential means to accomplish such validation work. Initial considerations in the development of functional requirements and design standards for simulation systems for space medicine are discussed.

Dawson, D. L.; Billica, R. D.; McDonald, P. V.

2001-01-01

440

Space Transportation Operations: Assessment of Methodologies and Models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The systems design process for future space transportation involves understanding multiple variables and their effect on lifecycle metrics. Variables such as technology readiness or potential environmental impact are qualitative, while variables such as reliability, operations costs or flight rates are quantitative. In deciding what new design concepts to fund, NASA needs a methodology that would assess the sum total of all relevant qualitative and quantitative lifecycle metrics resulting from each proposed concept. The objective of this research was to review the state of operations assessment methodologies and models used to evaluate proposed space transportation systems and to develop recommendations for improving them. It was found that, compared to the models available from other sources, the operations assessment methodology recently developed at Kennedy Space Center has the potential to produce a decision support tool that will serve as the industry standard. Towards that goal, a number of areas of improvement in the Kennedy Space Center's methodology are identified.

Joglekar, Prafulla

2001-01-01

441

eMICE: electronic Models Information, Communication, and Education — Portal  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute supports the broad use of animal models in many aspects of cancer research. The NCI designed the eMICE site to offer electronic Models Information, Communication, and Education about the wide variety of animal cancer models. This site introduces aspects of the history of animal research, animal husbandry, techniques for breeding and characterizing animal models, standards for animal use, and sources of animal models.

442

Bayesian latent structure models with space-time-dependent covariates  

PubMed Central

Spatial-temporal data requires flexible regression models which can model the dependence of responses on space- and time-dependent covariates. In this paper, we describe a semiparametric space-time model from a Bayesian perspective. Nonlinear time dependence of covariates and the interactions among the covariates are constructed by local linear and piecewise linear models, allowing for more flexible orientation and position of the covariate plane by using time-varying basis functions. Space-varying covariate linkage coefficients are also incorporated to allow for the variation of space structures across the geographical location. The formulation accommodates uncertainty in the number and locations of the piecewise basis functions to characterize the global effects, spatially structured and unstructured random effects in relation to covariates. The proposed approach relies on variable selection-type mixture priors for uncertainty in the number and locations of basis functions and in the space-varying linkage coefficients. A simulation example is presented to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach with the competing models. A real data example is used for illustration. PMID:23741176

Cai, Bo; Lawson, Andrew B; Hossain, Md Monir; Choi, Jungsoon

2012-01-01

443

Modeling of Radiation Risks for Human Space Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Prior to any human space flight, calculations of radiation risks are used to determine the acceptable scope of astronaut activity. Using the supercomputing facilities at NASA Ames Research Center, Ames researchers have determined the damage probabilities of DNA functional groups by space radiation. The data supercede those used in the current Monte Carlo model for risk assessment. One example is the reaction of DNA with hydroxyl radical produced by the interaction of highly energetic particles from space radiation with water molecules in the human body. This reaction is considered an important cause of DNA mutations, although its mechanism is not well understood.

Fletcher, Graham

2004-01-01

444

SOFTCOST - DEEP SPACE NETWORK SOFTWARE COST MODEL  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The early-on estimation of required resources and a schedule for the development and maintenance of software is usually the least precise aspect of the software life cycle. However, it is desirable to make some sort of an orderly and rational attempt at estimation in order to plan and organize an implementation effort. The Software Cost Estimation Model program, SOFTCOST, was developed to provide a consistent automated resource and schedule model which is more formalized than the often used guesswork model based on experience, intuition, and luck. SOFTCOST was developed after the evaluation of a number of existing cost estimation programs indicated that there was a need for a cost estimation program with a wide range of application and adaptability to diverse kinds of software. SOFTCOST combines several software cost models found in the open literature into one comprehensive set of algorithms that compensate for nearly fifty implementation factors relative to size of the task, inherited baseline, organizational and system environment, and difficulty of the task. SOFTCOST produces mean and variance estimates of software size, implementation productivity, recommended staff level, probable duration, amount of computer resources required, and amount and cost of software documentation. Since the confidence level for a project using mean estimates is small, the user is given the opportunity to enter risk-biased values for effort, duration, and staffing, to achieve higher confidence levels. SOFTCOST then produces a PERT/CPM file with subtask efforts, durations, and precedences defined so as to produce the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) and schedule having the asked-for overall effort and duration. The SOFTCOST program operates in an interactive environment prompting the user for all of the required input. The program builds the supporting PERT data base in a file for later report generation or revision. The PERT schedule and the WBS schedule may be printed and stored in a file for later use. The SOFTCOST program is written in Microsoft BASIC for interactive execution and has been implemented on an IBM PC-XT/AT operating MS-DOS 2.1 or higher with 256K bytes of memory. SOFTCOST was originally developed for the Zylog Z80 system running under CP/M in 1981. It was converted to run on the IBM PC XT/AT in 1986. SOFTCOST is a copyrighted work with all copyright vested in NASA.

Tausworthe, R. C.

1994-01-01

445

Bipartite Finsler Spaces and the Bumblebee Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a proposal to include Lorentz-violating effects in a gravitational field by means of Finsler geometry. In the Finsler setup, the length of an event depends both on the point and the direction in the spacetime. We briefly review the bumblebee model, where the Lorentz violation is induced by a spontaneous symmetry breaking due to the bumblebee vector field. The main geometrical concepts of Finsler geometry are outlined. Using a finslerian Einstein-Hilbert action we derive the bumblebee action from the bipartite Finsler function with a correction to the gravitational constant.

Silva, J. Euclides G.; Almeida, C. A. S.

2014-01-01

446

A comparison of two models of education in residential treatment.  

PubMed

All kinds of residential treatment centers for children must deal with the question of how best to provide for the children's education. At least two models exist, the autonomous school and the integrated psychoeducational model. The author outlines the differences between the two models in terms of the students, staff, and goals of each program. The advantages of both models are also discussed in detail. The primary advantage of the autonomous school is the clear definition of staff roles, the author says, while the main disadvantage is the risk of separating education from treatment goals. The psychoeducational model helps in formalizing education as part of treatment, but may cause role diffusion among the staff of different disciplines. PMID:7129374

Mansheim, P

1982-10-01

447

Competency-Based Adult Education: Florida Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, a multi-year project designed to teach adult administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

448

Alternative Models for Training Developers in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three steps may be taken to minimize the difficulties involved in educational development: 1) a realistic expectation should be projected in regard to the prowess of development; 2) the "state-of-the-art" should receive continuous improvement; and 3) training programs to prepare fully professional developers should be established as rapidly as…

Stowe, Richard A.

449

Modelling Mathematical Reasoning in Physics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many findings from research as well as reports from teachers describe students' problem solving strategies as manipulation of formulas by rote. The resulting dissatisfaction with quantitative physical textbook problems seems to influence the attitude towards the role of mathematics in physics education in general. Mathematics is often seen as a…

Uhden, Olaf; Karam, Ricardo; Pietrocola, Mauricio; Pospiech, Gesche

2012-01-01

450

Contextualising Craft: Pedagogical Models for Craft Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Craft education in Finland is, in many aspects, in a state of change. This concerns the independent position of craft as a school subject, the content of the compulsory craft courses containing textiles and technical work, the implementation of the new concept of a holistic craft process in the National Core Curriculum and so on. This bears…

Pollanen, Sinikka

2009-01-01

451

Modeling Academic Education Processes by Dynamic Storyboarding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In high-level education such as university studies, there is a flexible but complicated system of subject offerings and registration rules such as prerequisite subjects. Those offerings, connected with registration rules, should be matched to the students' learning needs and desires, which change dynamically. Students need assistance in such a…

Sakurai, Yoshitaka; Dohi, Shinichi; Tsuruta, Setsuo; Knauf, Rainer

2009-01-01

452

NASA Kennedy Space Center Educator Workshops: Exploring Their Impact on Teacher Attitudes and Concerns  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration holds summer teacher workshops to motivate teachers to use space science in their lessons. In evaluating these workshops, the areas of interest were participant beliefs about science and science teaching and concerns about educational change and innovation. The teachers attending workshops in 1995, past participants, teachers that received materials but had not attended a workshop, and science researchers were surveyed using the Beliefs about Science and Science Education Survey and/or the Stages of Concern Questionnaire. Comparisons were made by workshop length, time since workshop, and highest grade taught. Reductions in concerns were most evident in the four week workshop. Changes in beliefs were also observed relative to teaching approach and ability. Differences in beliefs were observed between teachers and science researchers. Differences were also observed relative to time since attendance and by grade level taught. It is recommended that the workshops be at least four weeks in length and in length and target specific grade levels, that refresher workshops be offered.

Dreschel, Thomas W.

1996-01-01

453

ED20. Crisis or Opportunity? Earth and Space Science Education at the State and National Levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists and researchers, those often in oversight positions and often control of the purse strings, have historically not been kind to the Earth Systems Science (ESS) discipline. This is puzzling to those of us who are ESS educators because we know that to appreciate how our planet works it is necessary to integrate and apply all the disciplines of science. With our amazing technologies and the increasing demands of a growing population we are dramatically changing our home planet. Perhaps a crisis? As the last century ended we found ESS in the same minor league position it was in when the 20th Century started. During the review period of what was to become the National Science Education Standards (NSES) draft after draft, no matter what color the cover was, seemed to ignore, omit, or severely limit ESS topics in meteorology and oceanography. Once published the NSES became the basis for the science standards in many states with what many said were critical gaps. In the years following 1996 different groups have worked to correct the omissions they found by developing guides...Ocean Literacy: Essential Principles of Ocean Science K-12 and Climate Literacy: The Essential Principals of Climate Science. An observer on the side might have considered each effort one of lobbying to get attention, funding and materials. Each effort was clearly interested in making an impact where it mattered...in the classroom. Now our Opportunity! The NAS process for developing "A Framework for K-12 Science Education" presented ESS educators with a real opportunity and we can proudly say we made our voices heard. And while there is great enthusiasm for the framework and the Chapter 7 Earth and Space we face critically important work to bring real Earth Space Science Education into the K-12 classroom. The possibility of the standards to be developed from the Framework becoming Common Core for the majority of states following the course of ELA and mathematics requires that those who previously guarded their territory collaborate.

Brett, J. M.

2011-12-01

454

Development and testing of a mouse simulated space flight model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development and testing of a mouse model for simulating some aspects of weightlessness that occur during space flight, and the carrying out of immunological flight experiments on animals was discussed. The mouse model is an antiorthostatic, hypokinetic, hypodynamic suspension model similar to the one used with rats. It is shown that this murine model yield similar results to the rat model of antiorthostatic suspension for simulating some aspects of weightlessness. It is also shown that mice suspended in this model have decreased interferon-alpha/beta production as compared to control, nonsuspended mice or to orthostatically suspended mice. It is suggested that the conditions occuring during space flight could possibly affect interferon production. The regulatory role of interferon in nonviral diseases is demonstrated including several bacterial and protozoan infections indicating the great significance of interferon in resistance to many types of infectious diseases.

Sonnenfeld, G.

1985-01-01

455

Development of the Explosion Breakup Model for Space Debris  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper will examine the applicability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) standard breakup model 2000 revision to explosion breakup in space. The cylinder specimens of stainless steel with smooth were explosively expanded to fragmentation. The driver was a column of the high explosive PETN inserted into the central bore and initiated by exploding a bundle of fine copper wires using a discharge current from a high-voltage capacitor bank. Expansion rate and the collection fragments will be analyzed based on the method used in the NASA standard breakup model 2000 revision to be compared with the explosion model adopted in the NASA standard breakup model. And this paper evaluated NASA standard breakup model 2000 revision model about size distribution, average cross-section area, area mass ratio distribution, delta velocity distribution.

Hata, Hidehiro; Hiroe, Tetsuyuki; Fujiwara, Kazuhito

456

NASA Space Radiation Program Integrative Risk Model Toolkit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Space Radiation Program Element scientists have been actively involved in development of an integrative risk models toolkit that includes models for acute radiation risk and organ dose projection (ARRBOD), NASA space radiation cancer risk projection (NSCR), hemocyte dose estimation (HemoDose), GCR event-based risk model code (GERMcode), and relativistic ion tracks (RITRACKS), NASA radiation track image (NASARTI), and the On-Line Tool for the Assessment of Radiation in Space (OLTARIS). This session will introduce the components of the risk toolkit with opportunity for hands on demonstrations. The brief descriptions of each tools are: ARRBOD for Organ dose projection and acute radiation risk calculation from exposure to solar particle event; NSCR for Projection of cancer risk from exposure to space radiation; HemoDose for retrospective dose estimation by using multi-type blood cell counts; GERMcode for basic physical and biophysical properties for an ion beam, and biophysical and radiobiological properties for a beam transport to the target in the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory beam line; RITRACKS for simulation of heavy ion and delta-ray track structure, radiation chemistry, DNA structure and DNA damage at the molecular scale; NASARTI for modeling of the effects of space radiation on human cells and tissue by incorporating a physical model of tracks, cell nucleus, and DNA damage foci with image segmentation for the automated count; and OLTARIS, an integrated tool set utilizing HZETRN (High Charge and Energy Transport) intended to help scientists and engineers study the effects of space radiation on shielding materials, electronics, and biological systems.

Kim, Myung-Hee Y.; Hu, Shaowen; Plante, Ianik; Ponomarev, Artem L.; Sandridge, Chris

2015-01-01

457

Space Station Freedom solar dynamic modules structural modelling and analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In support of the Space Station Freedom (SSF) Solar Dynamic Power Module effort, structural design studies were performed to investigate issues related to the design of the power module, its pointing capabilities, and the integration of the module into the SSF infrastructure. Of particular concern from a structural viewpoint are the dynamics of the power module, the impact of the power module on the Space Station dynamics and controls, and the required control effort for obtaining the specified Solar Dynamic Power Module pointing accuracy. Structural analyses were performed to determine the structural dynamics attributes of both the existing and the proposed structural dynamics module designs. The objectives of these analyses were to generate validated Solar Dynamic Power Module NASTRAN finite element models, combine Space Station and power module models into integrated system models, perform finite element modal analyses to assess the effect of the relocations of the power module center of mass, and provide modal data to controls designers for control systems design.

Lawrence, Charles; Morris, Ron

1991-01-01

458

Weight and the Future of Space Flight Hardware Cost Modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Weight has been used as the primary input variable for cost estimating almost as long as there have been parametric cost models. While there are good reasons for using weight, serious limitations exist. These limitations have been addressed by multi-variable equations and trend analysis in models such as NAFCOM, PRICE, and SEER; however, these models have not be able to address the significant time lags that can occur between the development of similar space flight hardware systems. These time lags make the cost analyst's job difficult because insufficient data exists to perform trend analysis, and the current set of parametric models are not well suited to accommodating process improvements in space flight hardware design, development, build and test. As a result, people of good faith can have serious disagreement over the cost for new systems. To address these shortcomings, new cost modeling approaches are needed. The most promising approach is process based (sometimes called activity) costing. Developing process based models will require a detailed understanding of the functions required to produce space flight hardware combined with innovative approaches to estimating the necessary resources. Particularly challenging will be the lack of data at the process level. One method for developing a model is to combine notional algorithms with a discrete event simulation and model changes to the total cost as perturbations to the program are introduced. Despite these challenges, the potential benefits are such that efforts should be focused on developing process based cost models.

Prince, Frank A.

2003-01-01

459

A space-time model for seasonal hurricane prediction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A space-time count process model is explained and applied to annual North Atlantic hurricane activity. The model uses the best-track data set of historical hurricane positions and intensities, together with climate variables, to determine local space-time coefficients of a right-truncated Poisson process. The truncated Poisson space-time autoregressive (TPSTAR) model is motivated by first examining a time-series model for the entire domain. Then a Poisson generalized linear model is considered that uses grid boxes within the domain and adds offset factors for latitude and longitude. A natural extension is then made that includes instantaneous local and autoregressive coupling between the grids. A final version of the model is found by backward selection of the predictors based on values of Bayesian and Akiake information criteria. The final model has five nearest neighbours and statistically significant couplings. Hindcasts are performed on the hurricane seasons from 1994 to 1997. Results show that, on average, model forecast probabilities are larger in regions in which hurricanes occurred. Quantitative skill assessment indicates some useful skill above climatology - currently the default leading candidate. The TPSTAR model could be a valuable guidance product when issuing seasonal hurricane forecasts.

Jagger, Thomas H.; Niu, Xufeng; Elsner, James B.

2002-03-01

460

Education for the Green Economy: Opportunities, Resources and Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by American Association of Community Colleges, National Association of State Directors of Career Technical Education Consortium, Association for Career and Technical Education and Green For All, this website offers the PowerPoint and audio recording from a Green Economy webinar. It highlights different types of green jobs, professional development, certification, and curriculum materials for educators at a high school or community college level regarding green jobs. Finally, the webinar also addresses partnership models between government, schools, and businesses working in a green economy. The WebEx ARF player is needed to playback the recording and is available to download on the website.

2010-02-12

461

Modeling the bullying prevention program preferences of educators: a discrete choice conjoint experiment.  

PubMed

We used discrete choice conjoint analysis to model the bullying prevention program preferences of educators. Using themes from computerized decision support lab focus groups (n = 45 educators), we composed 20 three-level bullying prevention program design attributes. Each of 1,176 educators completed 25 choice tasks presenting experimentally varied combinations of the study's attribute levels. Latent class analysis yielded three segments with different preferences. Decision Sensitive educators (31%) preferred that individual schools select bullying prevention programs. In contrast, Support Sensitive educators (51%) preferred that local school boards chose bullying prevention programs. This segment preferred more logistical and social support at every stage of the adoption, training, implementation, and long term maintenance processes. Cost Sensitive educators (16%) showed a stronger preference for programs minimizing costs, training, and implementation time demands. They felt prevention programs were less