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1

El Efecto Redistributivo de los Impuestos y del Gasto Social Corriente en Bolivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudio busca respnder las siguintes interrogantes: ¿Quál es la magnitud y cómo se distribuyen los subsidios que se transfieren a los hogares a través de la provisioón pública de los servicios de educación y salud?; ¿Cuál es la magnitud y cómo se distribuyen los impues a los hogares?; ¿Cuál es el efecto individual de los subsidios e impuestos sobre

Osvaldo Nina; Esteban Nina

2004-01-01

2

Efectos de un programa de intervención para la mejora de la competencia social en niños de educación primaria en Bolivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of an intervention program for improving social competence among Primary Education students from Bolivia. Scientific findings show that an adequate and positive development of social skills during childhood is an important base of social, occupational and personal adjustment through life-span. On the other hand, it has been stablished that unfit social skills development during childhood is associated with negative

M. Carmen Pichardo; Trinidad García; Fernando Justicia; Claudia Llanos

2008-01-01

3

LOS EFECTOS DEL COMPARTIMIENTO SOCIAL DE LAS EMOCIONES SOBRE EL TRAUMA DEL 11 DE MARZO EN PERSONAS NO AFECTADAS DIRECTAMENTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study evaluates the predictive validity of social sharing and expression of emotions about March-Eleven Madrid bombing. A questionnaire which measures social sharing of emotion, intensity of emotional arousal, rumination, subjective social support, loneliness, positive affect, benefices of trauma reaction and emotional climate was completed by around 1793 college students and student's relatives (38%) in six spanish cities and

D. Páez Rovira; F. Martínez-Sánchez; B. Rimé

4

UNA APROXIMACI ÓN A LOS ACUERDOS AMBIENTALES COMO MECANISMO ALTERNATIVO DE POLÍTICA AMBIENTAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN 1. ASPECTOS DE FILOSOFÍA POLÍTICA DE LA POLÍTICA AMBIENTAL DE LOS ACUERDOS VOLUNTARIOS 2. QUÉ SE ENTIENDE POR ACUERDOS VOLUNTARIOS, QUÉ SON LOS ACUERDOS AMBIENTALES, CUÁLES SON SUS IMPLICACIONES ECONÓMICAS Y CUÁL ES SU TIPOLOGÍA 2.1. Acuerdos voluntarios y sus implicaciones económicas 2.1.1. Qué son los acuerdos ambientales. 2.1.2. Análisis económico de los acuerdos ambientales. 2.1.2.1. Acuerdos

Pablo Márquez Escobar

5

IMPACTO DE COSTOS AMBIENTALES EN EL DESPACHO DEL SISTEMA INTERCONECTADO CENTRAL  

E-print Network

un efecto ambiental global (efecto invernadero) y efectos locales como lluvia ácida, reducción de) vertimiento de aguas, que son utilizadas en el proceso de enfriamiento, por lo que se encuentran a altas

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

6

Un estudio eto-espacial con variables ambientales  

Microsoft Academic Search

La dinámica eto-espacial, en función de la variable ambiental, es un estudio desde el Enfoque paradigmático de la Psicología Ambiental. Se ha desarrollado en el foso de papiones sagrados (hamadryas) y anubis del Zoológico de Barcelona. Se han estudiado las posibles influencias del medio ambiente con respecto a la conducta, tanto en el contexto espacial como social. Se han utilizado

Josep Maria Amenós i Vidal; Joan Josep Tharrats i Pascual

1984-01-01

7

CDIGO DIA HORA AULA CURSO TITULACION ASIGNATURA 2106003 16/12/2013 9:00 003, 004 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Matemticas  

E-print Network

Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Matemáticas 2106005 18/12/2013 9:00 106, 107 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Principios Jurídicos Básicos, Deontología Profesional e Igualdad 2106001 08/01/2014 9:00 003 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Geología 2106002 10/01/2014 15:00 203 Aulario III 1

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

8

CDIGO DIA HORA AULA CURSO TITULACION ASIGNATURA 2106007 06/05/2014 15:00 205, 206 Aulario III 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Geografa Humana  

E-print Network

Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Geografía Humana 2106008 08/05/2014 9:00 005, 006 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Historia Cultural e Instituciones de España y Europa 2106006 09/05/2014 9:00 005, 006 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Biología I 2106021 12/05/2014 15:00 102, 103 Laboratorio III 1

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

9

El control social y su relación con los procesos de formación de capital social y movilidad social: algunos indicios a partir de experiencias en Bogot  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este documento presenta un acercamiento analítico a los posibles efectos provocados por la práctica y el proceso institucional de control social sobre quienes tienen una relación directa o indirecta con estos mecanismos, que se despliegan desde la Contraloría General de la República para cumplir con lo dispuesto en la Constitución Nacional. Estos efectos se establecen a partir de mediciones de

Julián F. Bautista R; Londra T. Niño M; Gemma V. Truke O; Jairo Santander A

2011-01-01

10

Determinacion de periodos fundamentales del suelo mediante vibraciones ambientales en el municipio de Humacao, Puerto Rico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La tecnica de Nakamura ha sido utilizada a nivel mundial para determinar periodos fundamentales del suelo. La tecnica consiste en calcular y graficar cocientes espectrales H/V de vibraciones ambientales registradas sobre el suelo. Mediciones de vibraciones ambientales fueron tomadas en 151 lugares dentro del municipio de Humacao, localizado al este de Puerto Rico. Los datos se procesaron utilizando espectros de Fourier y espectros de potencia. La tecnica fue validada al compararla con los resultados de cocientes espectrales H/V de registros de sismos debiles y tambien con una modelacion numerica realizada con datos de un ensayo "downhole". Las graficas de los cocientes espectrales H/V fueron divididas en casos y grupos, los cuales dependen de la facilidad para identificar el periodo fundamental pico y amplitudes en frecuencias menores de 1 Hz, respectivamente. Los resultados obtenidos con ambos espectros fueron comparados y se concluye que los mismos se complementan para proveer resultados mas confiables. Se crearon mapas de periodos fundamentales, factores de amplitud, isoperiodos y clasificacion sismica de sitio. Los mapas de isoperiodos fueron realizados en las zonas mas pobladas sobre depositos de suelo. El mapa de periodos fundamentales del suelo mostro buena correlacion con la geologia local. El mapa de clasificacion sismica derivado de periodos de sitio fue comparado con el mapa de clasificacion sismica derivado de barrenos geotecnicos. El mapa de clasificacion obtenido de periodos puede sobreestimar un poco algunas clasificaciones del suelo. Sin embargo, este mapa puede proveer un estimado aproximado de la velocidad de onda de corte promedio del suelo hasta una profundidad de 100 pies (30 metros).

Cintron Aponte, Rommel

11

Gasto social y ayuda internacional en posconflicto1974-2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

El gasto público es un canal natural a través del cual el Estado brinda bienestar. El gasto social ofrece, entre otros, salud y educación, bienes determinantes para la recuperación de capital social destruido por el conflicto. Este trabajo propone establecer, tomando una muestra de 35 países en vía de desarrollo que han sufrido conflictos armados internos, cuál es el efecto

Liliana María Rodríguez Casas

2010-01-01

12

New liyerary forms for the social sciences: autoethnography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este es un trabajo sobre el momento de escribir en el proceso de la investigación. Es decir sobre el poder de la escritura. La posmodernidad no ha pasado en vano por la psicología social, ni por el resto de ciencias sociales. Ha aportado un debate crucial sobre las formas de expresión de la ciencia establecida y los efectos de poder

Joel Feliu

13

Da venerd 28 marzo, per un giorno al mese, secondo il calendario riportato nel seguito il CAM (Centro Ambientale Mobile) di AMSA sar presente in Piazza Leonardo da Vinci per sensibilizzare il quartiere di  

E-print Network

(Centro Ambientale Mobile) di AMSA sarà presente in Piazza Leonardo da Vinci per sensibilizzare il Centro Ambientale Mobile di AMSA approda in Piazza Leonardo da Vinci Per ulteriori informazioni è informazione e comunicazione diretta tra AMSA ed i cittadini. La presenza del CAM in Piazza Leonardo da Vinci

14

El Universal -Ciencia -Factores ambientales influyen en esquizofrenia http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/articulos/73922.html[10/9/2012 1:33:17 PM  

E-print Network

El Universal - Ciencia - Factores ambientales influyen en esquizofrenia http internet o llame al 5237-0800Twitter Facebook RSS El Universal Suplementos Ciencia Twittear 9 Enviar por la muerte de "El Lazca": Marina Habría caído 'El Lazca', el 'zeta' máximo Autopistas Ciencia Destinos

15

Boletín No 11: Caracterización del Trabajo Independiente y su Afiliación a la Seguridad Social en Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

El tema central del presente Boletín es aparentemente un tema de coyuntura. En efecto, la afiliación del trabajador independiente al sistema de seguridad social integral está generando arduos debates, económicos y jurídicos, desde la implementación de la Planilla Integrada de Liquidación de Aportes –PILA- a mediados de este año. Sin embargo, el trabajo independiente en relación a la seguridad social

Stefano Farne; Jesus Perdomo; Carlos Andrés Vergara

2008-01-01

16

Nuevas formas literarias para las ciencias sociales: el caso de la autoetnografía  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este es un trabajo sobre el momento de escribir en el proceso de la investigación. Es decir sobre el poder de la escritura. La posmodernidad no ha pasado en vano por la psicología social, ni por el resto de ciencias sociales. Ha aportado un debate crucial sobre las formas de expresión de la ciencia establecida y los efectos de poder

Joel Feliu i Samuel-Lajeunesse

2007-01-01

17

Social Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that social forces and social pathologies figure prominently in the dynamics of suicide. Gives several examples of "social suicide," including mass suicide, organizational self-destruction, social analogues to individual suicide, and military suicide. Claims that suicide prevention requires social, economic, and cultural transformations at…

Maris, Ronald W.

1997-01-01

18

SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology  

E-print Network

146 SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology MA (Single Honours Degree) Social Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art History Classical Studies the majority of the course deals with the first-named subject: Economics with Social Anthropology Geography

Brierley, Andrew

19

La Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios: El caso de Chile y sus perspectivas para Trabajo Social  

PubMed Central

El estudio acerca de las características de los vecindarios y sus efectos sobre las personas ha llegado a ser un área de creciente atención por parte de investigadores de diversas disciplinas en países desarrollados. Aunque actualmente existen diversas metodologías para estudiar efectos del vecindario, una de las más utilizadas es la Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios –Systematic Social Observation SSO, en inglés—porque permite recolectar información acerca de diversas características del entorno físico, social, ambiental y económico de los vecindarios donde se aplica. El objetivo de este artículo es (i) dar a conocer sumariamente algunas investigaciones influyentes sobre efectos del vecindario en Estados Unidos, ii) describir cómo se diseñó e implementó la Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios en la ciudad de Santiago de Chile, iii) señalar algunos facilitadores y obstaculizadores de la implementación del proyecto y, finalmente iv) enunciar posibles contribuciones y limitaciones que esta metodología ofrecería al trabajo social en Chile. PMID:24791060

Sanhueza, Guillermo E.; Delva, Jorge; Andrade, Fernando H.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Bares, Cristina; Castillo, Marcela

2012-01-01

20

Social Experiments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Earlier this year, CASE formed a social media task force to explore what educational institutions are trying to achieve with social media presence and learn about social media engagements at member institutions. CASE, in partnership with mStoner and Slover Linett Strategies, in June launched a benchmarking survey on social media in advancement by…

Slover-Linett, Cheryl; Stoner, Michael

2010-01-01

21

Social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slowly but surely, social psychology is coming into its own as the study of the social behavior of the individual. Many writers are noting, and some are investigating, social stimulus and response, and the specific effect of a social environment upon individual reaction. In spite of the persistent speculative essays of the old school, the trend is encouragingly toward observation

Floyd H. Allport

1920-01-01

22

FUNCIONAMIENTO Y COMUNICACIÓN FAMILIAR Y CONSUMO DE SUSTANCIAS EN LA ADOLESCENCIA: EL ROL MEDIADOR DEL APOYO SOCIAL1  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN En el presente estudio se analiza el apoyo social como un recurso protector para el ajuste de los adolescentes. Concretamente, se estudian tanto los efectos directos como los mediadores del apoyo social entre las características de funcionamiento y comunicación familiar y el consumo de sustancias de los adolescentes. Con este objetivo, 431 chicos y chicas de 15 a 17

Teresa Isabel Jiménez; Gonzalo Musitu; Sergio Murgui

2006-01-01

23

Social economics and social capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates key developments in the social capital literature over the past decade. It then examines empirical work on the purported the link between social capital and economic performance. Although these results indicate that good governance and social cohesion make a measurable contribution to economic development, the offer little guidance for policy formulation. Early contributors to the social capital

Joe Wallis; Paul Killerby; Brian Dollery

2004-01-01

24

Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder): Always Embarrassed  

MedlinePLUS

... of anxiety disorder called social phobia, also called social anxiety disorder. What is social phobia? Social phobia is a ... us to find out more about Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder). Visit the National Library of Medicine's MedlinePlus En ...

25

Research Report Toward socially inspired social neuroscience  

E-print Network

: Social cognitive-affective neuroscience Person perception Impression formation Social psychology 1Research Report Toward socially inspired social neuroscience Alexander Todorov, Lasana T. Harris Social neuroscience, often viewed as studying the neural foundations of social cognition, has roots

Todorov, Alex

26

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate 1 #12;www.bath.ac.uk/sps Undergraduate Social Work and Applied Social Studies What is Social Work? `The social work profession promotes social change' (International Federation of Social Workers, 2000) Social work is an exceptionally interesting, challenging

Burton, Geoffrey R.

27

Social Learning in Social Networks  

E-print Network

This paper analyzes a model of social learning in a social network. Agents decide whether or not to adopt a new technology with unknown payoffs based on their prior beliefs and the experiences of their neighbors in the ...

Lamberson, PJ

28

Social Indicators and Social Reporting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the several research traditions which combine to form the social indicators movement. All the traditions share concern for measurement, analysis, and reporting of aspects of social conditions to a general audience. Journal available from: American Academy of Political and Social Science, 3937 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania…

Parke, Robert; Seidman, David

1978-01-01

29

Social isolation  

PubMed Central

Social species, by definition, form organizations that extend beyond the individual. These structures evolved hand in hand with behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced. Social isolation represents a lens through which to investigate these behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms. Evidence from human and nonhuman animal studies indicates that isolation heightens sensitivity to social threats (predator evasion) and motivates the renewal of social connections. The effects of perceived isolation in humans share much in common with the effects of experimental manipulations of isolation in nonhuman social species: increased tonic sympathetic tonus and HPA activation, and decreased inflammatory control, immunity, sleep salubrity, and expression of genes regulating glucocorticoid responses. Together, these effects contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality in older adults. PMID:21651565

Cacioppo, John T.; Hawkley, Louise C.; Norman, Greg J.; Berntson, Gary G.

2011-01-01

30

Social Smoking  

PubMed Central

Background Social smoking is increasingly prevalent and poses a challenge to traditional cessation practices. Tobacco companies conducted extensive research on social smokers long before health authorities did and marketed products to promote this smoking behavior. Purpose Research is described and mechanisms identified that are used to promote social smoking to help improve cessation strategies in this growing group. Evidence acquisition Searches from 2006 to 2008 of previously secret tobacco industry documents using keywords social smoker, light smoker, casual smoker, youth smoker, and occasional smoker, followed by snowball searching. Data analysis was conducted in 2008. Evidence synthesis Tobacco industry research identified characteristics of social smokers that include: (1) denial of personal nicotine addiction; (2) self-categorization as a nonsmoker; (3) propensity for decreased tobacco use in response to smoke-free laws; (4) variations in age, education, ethnicity, and socioeconomic backgrounds; and (5) a perceived immunity to personal health effects of tobacco but fear of consequences to others. Tobacco companies developed marketing strategies aimed at social smokers, including “non–habit forming” cigarettes. Conclusions Previously considered a transient behavior, social smoking is also a stable consumption pattern. Focused clinical questions to detect social smoking are needed and may include, “Have you smoked any cigarettes or used any tobacco products in the past month?” as opposed to “Are you a smoker?” Clinicians should recognize that social smokers might be motivated to quit after education on the dangers of secondhand smoke rather than on personal health risks or with pharmacotherapy. PMID:19589449

Schane, Rebecca E.; Glantz, Stanton A.; Ling, Pamela M.

2009-01-01

31

PROGRAMA PARA LA VERIFICACION DE LA TECNOLOGIA AMBIENTAL - CULTIVANDO ASOCIACIONES PARA EL INCREMENTO DE LAS SELECCIONES DE TECNOLOGIAS AMBIENTALES A LOS SECTORES PUBLICO Y PRIVADO EN LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS Y EN EL EXTERIOR (EPA/600/F-97/005A)  

EPA Science Inventory

La meta del ETV es verificar, a travs de una evaluacin de informacin objectiva y de calidad, las caracteristicas del desempeo de tecnologas comerciales ambientales. As el ETV proporciona a los compradores y los licenciadores potenciales una valoracin imparcial y creble d...

32

2006] SUSANA BORRS PENTINAT: REFUGIADOS AMBIENTALES... 85Revista de Derecho Vol. XIX -N 2 -Diciembre 2006 Pginas 85-108 * Doctora en Derecho. Profesora de Derecho Internacional Pblico y de Relaciones Internacionales,  

E-print Network

2006] SUSANA BORRàS PENTINAT: REFUGIADOS AMBIENTALES... 85Revista de Derecho Vol. XIX - Nº 2 - Diciembre 2006 Páginas 85-108 * Doctora en Derecho. Profesora de Derecho Internacional Público y de NUEVO DESAFíO DEL DERECHO INTERNACIONAL DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE Susana Borràs Pentinat* Resumen El presente

Espigares, Tíscar

33

of Social Work and Social Policy  

E-print Network

School of Social Work and Social Policy School M.Sc. in Disability Studies #12;The M and benefit from the input of the different academic centres involved in the M.Sc. including: Social Work Dublin) School of Social Work and Social Policy School of Social Work and Social Policy #12;Two options

O'Mahony, Donal E.

34

Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on social studies instruction and technology: (1) "Waking the Sleeping Giant: Social Studies Teacher Educators Collaborate To Integrate Technology into Methods' Courses" (Cheryl Mason, Marsha Alibrandi, Michael Berson, Kara Dawson, Rich Diem, Tony Dralle, David Hicks, Tim Keiper, and John Lee); (2)…

White, Cam, Ed.

35

Social Blushing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews theory and research regarding the physiology, situational and dispositional antecedents, behavioral concomitants, and interpersonal consequences of social blushing and offers a new theoretical account of blushing. This model posits that people blush when they experience undesired social attention. Puzzling questions involving blushing in solitude, the phenomenology of blushing, types of blushing, and blushing in dark-skinned people are

Mark R. Leary; Thomas W. Britt; William D. Cutlip; Janice L. Templeton

1992-01-01

36

Social Indicators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The House of Commons Library Research Papers are published for the benefit of Parliament members, but this one should be of interest to both researchers and general readers wanting to learn more about contemporary British social issues. Social Indicators is the first paper in a new series that will be published three times a year. The 71-page paper includes a wide range of topic pages that present social statistics on a variety of issues, from the prison population to defense expenses to agricultural outputs. Each Social Indicator paper will also offer feature articles that give a closer look at specific subjects (in this instance,, election turnout and adult literacy) and an article on statistical sources for a particular issue (in this paper, social security statistics). The last few pages are devoted to a list of important, recent governmental statistical publications.

Bolton, Paul.

2001-01-01

37

Social Phobia (SocialAnxiety  

E-print Network

-anxiety medications and antidepressants.Anti-anxiety medications are powerful and there are different types. Many types begin working right away, but they generally should not be taken for long periods. Antidepressants at work or school? If so, you may have a type of anxiety disorder called social phobia, also called social

Bandettini, Peter A.

38

Social transgressions, social perspectives, and social emotionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports two studies on the interrelations involving social transgressions, the perspectives from which the actor who commits such a transgression is evaluated, and the extent and quality of the emotionality experienced by the actor. The first experiment examined subjects' perceptions of vignettes depicting transgressions that were either low or relatively high in apparent intent. The phrasing of the

A. S. R. Manstead; G. R. Semin

1981-01-01

39

Social Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Gene Shackman, who holds a PhD in sociology from SUNY Albany, this Website serves as a directory of annotated links for scholarship and resources in the area of social change. Included here are links to theory, research, data sources, social history sites, national profiles, bibliographies and syllabi, gateways, and pertinent organizations. The author has also posted an essay offering a summary of theories of social change. The links are credible and frequently updated; the annotations, clear and concise.

40

Social perception and social skill in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The relationship of social perception to social skill in schizophrenia was investigated. Twenty-six outpatients completed three social perception tasks (i.e. facial affect recognition, social cue recognition, and self-ratings of social skill) and participated in two role-plays. Correlational analyses revealed that the self-ratings of social skill had the most consistent relationship with social skill among the social perception measures, even after controlling for symptomatology and subject demographics. Other measures of social perception (i.e. social cue recognition) had weaker relationships with social skills. Implications for future research and psychosocial interventions are discussed. PMID:9796943

Ihnen, G H; Penn, D L; Corrigan, P W; Martin, J

1998-09-21

41

Social Pollution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social pollution provides the matrix for the pollution of the physical environment. This stems from man's present inability to function synergistically. To find new freedoms in purposeful evolution, we will have to start cleansing our Mind. (Author/SD)

Esser, Aristide Henri

1971-01-01

42

Social Phobia  

MedlinePLUS

... improve their skills still further. Back Continue Selective Mutism Some kids and teens are so extremely shy ... form of social phobia is sometimes called selective mutism . People with selective mutism can talk. They have ...

43

Social Work 0 -1 Social Work Today  

E-print Network

School of Social Work #12;Contents 0 - 1 Social Work Today 2 - 3 The World of Social Work 4 - 11 standards that govern their social work practice. Typical service users include: G Children and families people with health and social care needs. Social work is difficult and challenging: it demands maturity

Jones, Graeme A.

44

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate #12;Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences 2, social policy, international development and social work. Many of our staff are at the forefront, in 2011 we were awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize for our work on poverty and vulnerable people

Burton, Geoffrey R.

45

College of Social Work SW Social Work  

E-print Network

College of Social Work SW Social Work KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped) Introduction to social welfare concepts and philosophies. Examination of the profession of social work and its will be studied. Required of social work majors and recommended it be taken the first year. SW 222 DEVELOPMENT

MacAdam, Keith

46

Social Engineering hits Social Commerce  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Looking at social commerce, a bunch of bewildering phenomena attracts the attention of social psychologists. The way customers participate today shows attitudes and ethical behavior which cannot be explained from the inherent conditions of Web 2.0 environments alone. Fraud often succeeds, when you do not expect it, and honesty can be found under circumstances that do not support honesty at all. The current situation seems to result from customers assigning experience and ethics from real world business to virtual business environments. But there are indications that this situation may change. Social commerce could suffer as soon as customers would use its inherent weaknesses to their own advantage. The following article outlines first approaches to research into this topic.

Degenhardt, Werner; Wiele, Johannes

47

Socials Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eric Sheninger, the principal at New Milford High School in Bergen County, NJ, is well-known in ed tech circles as an evangelist for the use of web 2.0 tools in K-12 education. New Milford has made collaboration a pillar of its educational platform, and Sheninger believes that social media helps students learn how to collaborate. In fact, he…

Raths, David

2013-01-01

48

Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The product of a Special Studies Institute, this teacher developed resource guide for the emotionally handicapped (K-6) presents social study concepts and activities relative to education in the urban out-of-doors. Focus is on the study of man (past, present, and future) interacting with his environment. Listed below are activity examples: (1)…

Bieber, Edward

49

Schoolhouse Socialism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public schools are part and parcel of socialism. This system of economics does not function well. Not in the Soviet Union, and not in any industry in the United States, certainly including education. The present paper attempts to show that education is no exception to this general rule. (Contains 6 notes.)

Rome, Gregory; Block, Walter

2006-01-01

50

Social cognition.  

PubMed

Social cognition concerns the various psychological processes that enable individuals to take advantage of being part of a social group. Of major importance to social cognition are the various social signals that enable us to learn about the world. Such signals include facial expressions, such as fear and disgust, which warn us of danger, and eye gaze direction, which indicate where interesting things can be found. Such signals are particularly important in infant development. Social referencing, for example, refers to the phenomenon in which infants refer to their mothers' facial expressions to determine whether or not to approach a novel object. We can learn a great deal simply by observing others. Much of this signalling seems to happen automatically and unconsciously on the part of both the sender and the receiver. We can learn to fear a stimulus by observing the response of another, in the absence of awareness of that stimulus. By contrast, learning by instruction, rather than observation, does seem to depend upon awareness of the stimulus, since such learning does not generalize to situations where the stimulus is presented subliminally. Learning by instruction depends upon a meta-cognitive process through which both the sender and the receiver recognize that signals are intended to be signals. An example would be the 'ostensive' signals that indicate that what follows are intentional communications. Infants learn more from signals that they recognize to be instructive. I speculate that it is this ability to recognize and learn from instructions rather than mere observation which permitted that advanced ability to benefit from cultural learning that seems to be unique to the human race. PMID:18292063

Frith, Chris D

2008-06-12

51

SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology  

E-print Network

Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art HistoryW Greek W Available With Integrated Year Abroad ­ see Modern Languages. T Timetable clash exists on the anthropology of the arts. Most recently, the Centre for Pacific Studies has been awarded major funding

Brierley, Andrew

52

Social Lift or Social Exclusion?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transmitting the achievements of civilization and the values of culture to younger generations is the task of today's higher education as the agent of socialization, the accumulation of human capital, and the formation of the middle class. All of these vital functions of higher education can be accomplished provided that efforts are made to ensure…

Aleshina, M. V.; Pleve, I. R.

2010-01-01

53

Connectibles : tangible social networking  

E-print Network

This thesis presents "Connectibles," an instantiation of a tangible social network, a new type of social network application rooted in physical objects and real world social behavior. This research is inspired by social ...

Kalanithi, Jeevan James

2007-01-01

54

Social Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1995, Social Watch was first established to provide a global platform for non-governmental organizations to monitor and promote the effective implementation of the commitments made by national governments during the United Nations World Summit on Social Development. Since that time, the group's work has continued in the areas of monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality and users with interests in these areas will appreciate both the organization's annual report (available from the homepage) and its country-by-country reports. One very well-developed interactive graphic feature is the development indicator section of the site. Here, visitors can view representations of such indicators as female adult literacy, deforestation, and fertility across the globe, along with discrete data from each country. Additionally, many of the materials offered here are available in Spanish as well.

55

Social Geography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The open-access journal "Social Geography" is primarily concerned with "the interrelation of society, practice and space and its implications for every day-life, social and environmental policy or economic practice." The journal was started in 2005, and visitors with an interest in human geography or sociology will appreciate their offerings. Users can start by reading through the "General Information" section, then looking over their submission guidelines. After that, visitors will want to click on over to the "Online Library SG" area, where they can read final papers and also search all of the submitted papers by title and author. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive email alerts and RSS feeds.

56

Socializing Cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The traditional way to study thinking in humans is to investigate cognitive processes in single individuals. The positions\\u000a laid out in this chapter, by contrast, regard social interaction as the default context within which cognition occurs. The\\u000a chapter introduces and discusses the theoretical background as well as relevant empirical findings of three approaches that\\u000a aim at exploring how cognition emerges

Anne Böckler; Günther Knoblich; Natalie Sebanz

2010-01-01

57

Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social indicators are an important tool for evaluating a country's level of social development and for assessing the impact of policy. Such indicators are already in use in investigating poverty and social exclusion in several European countries and have begun to play a significant role in advancing the social dimension of the European Union as a whole. The purpose of

Tony Atkinson; Bea Cantillon; Eric Marlier; Brian Nolan

2002-01-01

58

Social work BA (Hons) in Social Work  

E-print Network

Social work Essentials Course BA (Hons) in Social Work (3 years full time. Part-time route, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited to contact the admissions tutor their basic IT competence and their personal suitability to enter the social work profession in line

Sussex, University of

59

Social skill deficits in socially anxious subjects.  

PubMed

Research into the aetiology of social phobia can contribute to the prevention and treatment of socially anxious people. Based on the theory of social skills deficits, we reviewed several studies that examined the adequacy of social behaviour through behavioural experiments with the purpose of evaluating the existence of lack of social skills in socially anxious people compared with the general population. In addition to electronic searches for papers published since 1970, using Medline, Scielo and Lilacs, references from articles were identified. In general, the results indicate that socially anxious people perform poorly in spontaneous social interactions than control participants, are classified by observers as less assertive, friendly and shy but present only discrete differences in structured situations. Social skills deficit seems to be more easily identified when children and adolescents are observed, since they probably still have not developed coping strategies. Differences between social phobics appear to be found on the more global measures of performance rather than specific skills measures. PMID:18663667

Levitan, Michelle N; Nardi, Antonio E

2009-01-01

60

Social Development and its Relevance to Australian Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents Midgley's theory on social development to an Australian social work audience. It explores the concept and theory of social development, examines the relationship between social work and social development, and discusses the relevance of social development to social work in Australia. The paper suggests that although social work and social development may share similar broad goals, their

Mel Gray; Penny Crofts

2008-01-01

61

Ottawa, Canada Social Work  

E-print Network

Ottawa, Canada Social Work carleton.ca Bachelorof #12;do you like working with people? are you concerned about social problems and committed to social justice? are you action-oriented and interested in politics and policy? if so, you should consider social work as your program of choice. The study of social

62

Social Withdrawal in Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes,

Kenneth H. Rubin; Robert J. Coplan; Julie C. Bowker

2009-01-01

63

Social theory and social class.  

PubMed

Concepts of class developed with the emergence of industrial society in the nineteenth century. For an understanding of current divisions, theories must reflect the advances of capitalism and the global economy that characterize the late twentieth century. In industrialized societies, reductions in the industrial workforce and the growth of finance, investment and real-estate industries worldwide have produced a new, largely female, service workforce. Large sectors of industry have departed in search of cheaper labour in poorer countries, which also have a rising number of women workers. In those areas, as a result, a new industrial workforce has emerged. Concomitantly, accumulation of land in less developed agricultural regions for production for the world market has led to an increase in mobile agricultural labour and a shift of landless labourers to the cities of less developed countries. In addition, both upward and downward mobility have occurred for individuals and groups in specific populations, as well as for particular diseases in developed and less developed countries. All these processes have precipitated fundamental changes in class, gender and family relationships and transformed the living conditions of populations in both developed and less developed societies. These changes have major implications for the patterns of health and disease in the world today. Objective measures of social change may be difficult to construct and use in epidemiological cancer research. Since questions of class and shifting social relations are directly implicated in the patterns of disease, they must be assessed in future research as accurately as possible. PMID:9353662

Susser, I

1997-01-01

64

Nurses and social media.  

PubMed

Nurses' use of social media and other electronic communications has increased significantly with growing numbers of social media opportunities, platforms and applications including blogs, social networking sites, video sites and online chat rooms and forums. PMID:24690934

Farrelly, Rory

65

Socialization of Social Anxiety in Adolescent Crowds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we looked at whether social anxiety is socialized, or influenced by peers' social anxiety, more in some peer crowds than others. Adolescents in crowds with eye-catching appearances such as Goths and Punks (here termed "Radical"), were compared with three comparison groups. Using data from 796 adolescents (353 girls and 443 boys; M…

Van Zalk, Nejra; Van Zalk, Maarten Herman Walter; Kerr, Margaret

2011-01-01

66

Socialism in High School Social Studies Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concerns textbook analysis regarding the presentation of socialism in four leading high school social studies books, one in each of the following subjects: United States history, world history, United States government, and economics. Findings indicate that students relying on these texts to gain understanding of socialism and…

Neumann, Richard

2012-01-01

67

Social Insect Networks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social insect colonies have many of the properties of adaptive networks. The simple rules governing how local interactions among individuals translate into group behaviors are found across social groups, giving social insects the potential to have a profound impact on our understanding of the interplay between network dynamics and social evolution.

Jennifer Fewell (Arizona State University; School of Life Sciences)

2003-09-26

68

Genes and Social Behavior  

PubMed Central

What specific genes and regulatory sequences contribute to the organization and functioning of brain circuits that support social behavior? How does social experience interact with information in the genome to modulate these brain circuits? Here we address these questions by highlighting progress that has been made in identifying and understanding two key “vectors of influence” that link genes, brain, and social behavior: 1) social information alters gene readout in the brain to influence behavior; and 2) genetic variation influences brain function and social behavior. We also briefly discuss how evolutionary changes in genomic elements influence social behavior and outline prospects for a systems biology of social behavior. PMID:18988841

Robinson, Gene E.; Fernald, Russell D.; Clayton, David F.

2011-01-01

69

What is social about social perception research?  

PubMed

A growing consensus in social cognitive neuroscience holds that large portions of the primate visual brain are dedicated to the processing of social information, i.e., to those aspects of stimuli that are usually encountered in social interactions such as others' facial expressions, actions, and symbols. Yet, studies of social perception have mostly employed simple pictorial representations of conspecifics. These stimuli are social only in the restricted sense that they physically resemble objects with which the observer would typically interact. In an equally important sense, however, these stimuli might be regarded as "non-social": the observer knows that they are viewing pictures and might therefore not attribute current mental states to the stimuli or might do so in a qualitatively different way than in a real social interaction. Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of such higher-order conceptualization of the stimulus for social perceptual processing. Here, we assess the similarity between the various types of stimuli used in the laboratory and object classes encountered in real social interactions. We distinguish two different levels at which experimental stimuli can match social stimuli as encountered in everyday social settings: (1) the extent to which a stimulus' physical properties resemble those typically encountered in social interactions and (2) the higher-level conceptualization of the stimulus as indicating another person's mental states. We illustrate the significance of this distinction for social perception research and report new empirical evidence further highlighting the importance of mental state attribution for perceptual processing. Finally, we discuss the potential of this approach to inform studies of clinical conditions such as autism. PMID:23355814

Teufel, Christoph; von dem Hagen, Elisabeth; Plaisted-Grant, Kate C; Edmonds, James J; Ayorinde, John O; Fletcher, Paul C; Davis, Greg

2012-01-01

70

Social Skills Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The term “social skills” encompasses an array of learned behaviors that share the common goal of maintaining or increasing\\u000a reinforcement within a social context. Deficits in social skills can occur at any developmental period and are not likely\\u000a to improve spontaneously because impaired social skills impede interactions with other people. In turn, unsatisfying or disruptive\\u000a interactions exacerbate social skill deficits

Ashley J. Smith; Judith A. Jordan; Mary Fran Flood; David J. Hansen

71

Social Science, Social Scientists, and the Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social sciences may be viewed as policy sciences and, as such, can make significant contributions to both public policy and the social studies curriculum. Political science has made contributions in legislative reform, centralized budgeting, regulation of lobbying, and improvement of election administration. Sociology has helped make…

Davis, James E.

72

Social cognition in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The topic of social cognition has attracted considerable interest in schizophrenia over the last several years. This construct generally refers to the detection, processing, and utilization of social information and, within the field of schizophrenia, includes several skills such as recognizing emotion, understanding the thoughts and intentions of others, and interpreting social cues. Individuals with schizophrenia show significant impairments in social cognition, and these impairments are strongly related to functional outcome. Treating social cognition yields significant improvements in real-world outcomes, including social functioning and social skill. Importantly, social cognitive abilities are linked to specific neural circuits that have been shown to be abnormal in individuals with schizophrenia. Investigations of these neural networks in patients have also demonstrated that brain activation is significantly correlated with social functioning, which suggests that abnormal activation in social cognitive networks may serve as a mechanism for social dysfunction in schizophrenia. Among the many challenges in this area is the issue of measurement. There is disagreement about which tasks best measure social cognition and many existing measures show poor psychometric properties. A recent project, called the Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study, aims to address these problems by providing the field with a well-validated battery of social cognitive tasks that can be used in treatment outcome trials. Research is honing in on the potential mechanisms of social cognitive impairment in patients, and with improved measurement, there is promise for optimizing behavioral and pharmacologic interventions and remediation strategies. PMID:24919166

Pinkham, Amy E

2014-01-01

73

Efectos de la irradiación iónica en hielos de moléculas carbonadas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

En Astrofísica podemos encontrar numerosos contextos en los cuales se observan moléculas en estado sólido que, en condiciones estándar de presión y temperatura, se encontrarían como gases o líquidos. Dichas moléculas se denominan hielos y han sido observadas en nubes densas del medio interestelar, en envolturas circumestelares, en satélites del Sistema Solar, en cometas, etc. Los hielos pueden ser alterados en su composición química debido a diversos factores como por ejemplo variaciones de temperatura o aportes energéticos por parte de la irradiación, ya sea tanto de fotones ultravioleta como de iones. Dependiendo del escenario astrofísico que analicemos, unos factores cobran más importancia que otros. Los experimentos de laboratorio muestran el efecto que produce sobre la composición de los hielos la irradiación iónica, en particular sobre los que contenían alguna molécula con átomos de carbono. Dicha composición se analiza con espectroscopía IR en el rango de 2 a ˜ 25? m. La aplicabilidad de los resultados de los experimentos es distinta dependiendo de la composición química inicial de los hielos, del tipo de ion utilizado y de la dosis total de irradiación. Existen efectos generales de la irradiación sobre la materia en los experimentos de relevancia astrofísica como son: - la formación de nuevas moléculas, que pueden incluir o no el ion incidente; - la progresiva pérdida de hidrógeno (carbonización) cuando irradiamos muestras que originalmente contienen una determinada relación carbono/hidrógeno; - la variación de la temperatura de sublimación que presentan algunos hielos. Esto puede suceder tanto en hielos que estaban presentes antes de la irradiación como en hielos formados por ésta. Se presentará el papel del ion en la formación de nuevas moléculas a partir de las que originalmente se encontraban en el hielo. Al penetrar en él, el ion provoca distintos procesos como rotura de enlaces y excitaciones electrónicas. En la mayor parte de los casos las especies producidas por la rotura del enlace, se recombinan volviendo a formar la molécula original. Sin embargo un pequeño porcentaje es capaz de formar nuevas moléculas. Si el ion queda implantado en el hielo y es reactivo (H+, C+,ldots) podría formar parte de una molécula nueva que incorpora un átomo que inicialmente no se encontraba presente en el hielo. También se presentará un contraejemplo para demostrar que no es posible asegurar que siempre que implantemos un ion reactivo, éste formará parte de nuevas moléculas en la mezcla. También se presentará la formación de nuevas moléculas a partir de la irradiación de hielos de metano, que llevan a la formación de otros compuestos como acetileno, eteno, etano,... en los cuales la relación C/H ha variado. Además de estos compuestos se forma también un residuo carbonoso (refractario) que es estable a temperatura ambiente y cuya composición química no es bien conocida. Por último, el aumento de la temperatura de sublimación es también una consecuencia de la irradiación, aunque la magnitud del aumento depende de la mezcla original y de la irradiación sufrida. Existen moléculas que llegan a variar su temperatura de sublimación en decenas de grados. Para el caso de moléculas carbonadas se forman especies por irradiación que son estables a temperatura ambiente. Con todo ello se muestra que los experimentos de laboratorio pueden ayudarnos a comprender la formación, destrucción y variación de las propiedades físicas de los hielos de interés astrofísico con la irradiación.

Satorre, M. A.

74

Social Work and Social Justice: What Are We Fighting For?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cardinal value of social work practice is social justice. Social justice ranks as the second of five values that underpin the Code of Ethics of the Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW. However, although social work's commitment to promoting social justice is laudable and, indeed, may even be a distinguishing feature of the profession, precisely what kind of social

John Solas

2008-01-01

75

Uncovering social spammers: social honeypots + machine learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based social systems enable new community-based opportunities for participants to engage, share, and interact. This community value and related services like search and advertising are threatened by spammers, content polluters, and malware disseminators. In an effort to preserve community value and ensure longterm success, we propose and evaluate a honeypot-based approach for uncovering social spammers in online social systems. Two

Kyumin Lee; James Caverlee; Steve Webb

2010-01-01

76

Social Work Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

societies, residential centres, homeless services, disability organizations, social planning bodies services · Schools · Substance abuse programs · Children's aid societies · Residential centres · Homeless

77

Parental Socialization of Emotion  

PubMed Central

Recently, there has been a resurgence of research on emotion, including the socialization of emotion. In this article, a heuristic model of factors contributing to the socialization of emotion is presented. Then literature relevant to the socialization of children’s emotion and emotion-related behavior by parents is reviewed, including (a) parental reactions to children’s emotions, (b) socializers’ discussion of emotion, and (c) socializers’ expression of emotion. The relevant literature is not conclusive and most of the research is correlational. However, the existing body of data provides initial support for the view that parental socialization practices have effects on children’s emotional and social competence and that the socialization process is bidirectional. In particular, parental negative emotionality and negative reactions to children’s expression of emotion are associated with children’s negative emotionality and low social competence. In addition, possible moderators of effects such as level of emotional arousal are discussed. PMID:16865170

Cumberland, Amanda; Spinrad, Tracy L.

2006-01-01

78

Social Security: Cato Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Security Privatization is a web site developed by the Cato Institute that argues for privatizing Social Security to prevent future insolvency. The Social Security system currently collects more in taxes than benefits paid out, with the excess held in the Trust Fund. But this is expected to change in 2014 when the baby boomers and increased longevity of retirees is likely to result in benefits exceeding taxes collected. By 2031, the Trust Fund is expected to be exhausted. Suggestions for reforming Social Security include minor changes to the eligibility requirement or tax rates, allowing part of Social Security contributions to be invested freely, and totally privatizing Social Security.

79

"The Social Responsibility of the Social Scientist."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social scientists are often adjured to become more "scientific," they might well remember a phenomenon described by Arthur Lovejoy as "metaphysical pathos" or the set of sentiments with which every theory is associated and which are congruent with the mood or deep lying sentiment of its adherents. Examples from the past include the Social

Watson, Bernard C.

80

Social Security Administration  

MedlinePLUS

You are exiting the Social Security Administration's website. Select OK to proceed. Disclaimer The Social Security Administration (SSA) website contains links to websites not affiliated with the United States ...

81

Socialism and libertarianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I attempt to define the concepts of socialism and libertarianism. While recognising that the meaning of socialism has developed over time and is not set in stone, and after outlining the ways in which a number of writers have defined socialism, I argue that key socialist values are incompatible with libertarianism, the core feature of which, I

Peter Mclaverty

2005-01-01

82

Social networking sites.  

PubMed

In this bimonthly series, the author examines how nurse educators can use the Internet and Web-based computer technologies such as search, communication, and collaborative writing tools, social networking and social bookmarking sites, virtual worlds, and Web-based teaching and learning programs. This article describes social networking Web sites and techniques to increase their safe use. PMID:20173583

Wink, Diane M

2010-01-01

83

Social Networks and Entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

A central tenet in sociology holds that positions in social structure influence the attitudes, behaviors, and outcomes of the actors occupying those positions. Though this proposition underlies much sociological thinking, perhaps the clearest instantiation of it appears in the literature collectively referred to as 'social network theory'. Research in this area investigates both the structure of the relations between social

Arent Greve; Janet W. Salaff

2003-01-01

84

Social Good Ipsum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're looking for some socially redeeming dummy text for your website or other design project, check out Social Good Ipsum. The site will generate just such text with a focus on socially impactful information about important organizations doing great work around the world. This version is compatible with all operating systems.

2014-08-07

85

Measuring Social Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social support has been operationally defined, a lack of conceptual clarity has made measurement modest and unreliable. To investigate the feasibility of measuring social support from a qualitative rather than a quantitative perspective, and to consider negative social interactions in the assessment, 130 college students were administered…

Lehmann, Stan; And Others

86

Social science information & documentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chapter gives an overview of information and documentation resources and activities in the social sciences. It describes some of the characteristics of social science information and reports on some findings from research into the needs and behaviour of social scientists in information matters, in order to identify some of the inadequacies of traditional services. A selection of representative information

Hans-Christoph Hobohm

87

Teaching Social Decision Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because children are subjected to undesirable and confusing socialization messages from peer networks and the media, schools are now paying more attention to students' social development needs. To counter schools' hidden curriculum and help students cope with stress and avoid serious interpersonal difficulties, an eight-step Improving Social

Elias, Maurice J.; Clabby, John F.

1988-01-01

88

Understanding Social Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Believable social interaction is not only about agents that look right but also do the right thing. To achieve this we must consider the everyday knowledge and expectations by which users make sense of real, fictive or artificial social beings. This folk-theoretical understanding of other social beings involves several, rather independent, levels such as expectations on behaviour, expectations on primitive

Per Persson; Jarmo Laaksolahti; Peter Löonnqvist

89

Social Media. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing use of social media by students and adults is impacting schools. A recent Pew study found that 73% of teens use social-networking sites to connect with others. Social media includes blogs, wikis, and podcasts as well as sites such as MySpace, Facebook, and Linkedin. While such sites promote connection with others, their use has created…

Williamson, Ronald

2010-01-01

90

Social Sustainability: Geography 446  

E-print Network

Social Sustainability: Geography 446 submitted to Sally Hermansen & Lorna Seppala The University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Curranne Labercane February 4th, 2009 #12;Definition Social Sustainability- A socially sustainable community provides an inclusive, equitable, and decent quality of life for current

91

Market Simulation Social Intelligence  

E-print Network

Market Simulation Social Intelligence Daniel Polani Daniel Polani: Market Simulation (Social Intelligence) ­ p.1/31 Market Models Motivation: markets require exchange of commodities and information of their partner's trustworthyness Daniel Polani: Market Simulation (Social Intelligence) ­ p.3/31 Trustworthyness

Polani, Daniel

92

Reconceiving Social Foundations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Tozer's position paper on the social foundations of education (SFE), relating SFE more strongly to teachers' public rather than their private problems, suggesting a different approach to the relation of liberal arts theory and educational practice that is less driven by vocational concerns, and examining social relationships and social

Bredo, Eric

1993-01-01

93

Piaget's Social Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that Piaget did not consider social factors to be important in his developmental theory and considers some of the practical educational implications of Piaget's social theory. Piaget's notion of the role of social factors is reviewed, and the educational implications of the cooperative context favoring operational development with reference…

DeVries, Rheta

1997-01-01

94

Social Organization and Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents views of cognition as being (1) the foundation of social organization or (2) influenced by social organization at both the microlevel and the macrolevel. Suggests there is a further need for a theory of social organization and development based on abstract organizational principles. (BJD)

Thorlindsson, Thorolfur

1983-01-01

95

Burnout in Social Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 18 studies on burnout in social workers. The literature indicates that social workers suffer less burnout than comparable occupational groups, and identifies factors associated with burnout and ways to prevent burnout. Analyzes the methodological quality of the studies and makes recommendations for improving research on burnout in social

Soderfedlt, Marie; And Others

1995-01-01

96

Social ties and health: The benefits of social integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the relationship between level of social integration and various aspects of health. A search of the literature published since the mid-1970s (under the MEDLINE key words, “social ties”, “social network”, “social isolation”, “social environment”) presented strong evidence that social integration leads to reduced mortality risks, and to a better state of mental health. The evidence on physical

Teresa E. Seeman

1996-01-01

97

Social Action As An Objective of Social Studies Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a rationale for making social action a major goal of elementary and secondary school social studies education. In addition, it describes social action models, suggests social action approaches appropriate for students at various grade levels, and reviews literature on social action by public school students. Social action is…

Curtis, Charles K.

98

Community Discovery Based on Social Actors' Interests and Social Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing availability of social network data has motivated more computational research in social network analysis. Recently, discovering community from social networks came into the big picture of social network study. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for community discovery based on the contents of social actors' personal interests and their social relationships. Our dataset is a populated

Fei Yan; Jing Jiang; Yang Lu; Qingjun Luo; Ming Zhang

2008-01-01

99

Division of Social Sciences Anthropology  

E-print Network

259 Division of Social Sciences Anthropology FACULTY *Year of initial appointment at Binghamton Antoun, Richard T., Professor, PhD, 1963, Harvard University: Social anthropology, religion, social University: Social anthropology, human ecology, nomads; Africa, Middle East. (1973) Ferradas, Carmen A

Suzuki, Masatsugu

100

Proyección del Fondo de Pensiones y Análisis de su Efecto en el Mercado Financiero  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo se compone de dos partes. La primera describe un modelo de proyección (contable en lo básico) del tamaño del Fondo de Pensiones chileno para las próximas dos décadas, y discute una proyección específica.La segunda parte discute el efecto probable que el crecimiento del Fondo tendría sobre el mercado financiero nacional. En particular, la discusión está orientada por la

Felipe Zurita

2005-01-01

101

El azcar y los alimentos azucarados tienen el mismo efecto en la glucosa que  

E-print Network

El azúcar y los alimentos azucarados tienen el mismo efecto en la glucosa que otros alimentos Extensión Cooperativa Martha Archuleta, PhD, RD Especialista en alimentos y nutrición de Extensión saludable si usted no permite que estos reemplacen a los alimentos nutritivos ricos en carbohidratos como

102

El Efecto De Los Atentados Del 11-s Sobre El Turismo En España  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo del trabajo es analizar las consecuencias que los atentados del 11-S han tenido sobre los flujos turísticos en España. El marco teórico utilizado se inspira en el modelo del comportamiento racional del consumidor desarrollado por Enders et al. (1992), en el se incluye el estudio de los efectos del terrorismo sobre la actividad del sector turístico. El estudio

BERNARDÍ CABRER BORRÁS; DAVID IRANZO PÉREZ

2007-01-01

103

Human Social Genomics  

PubMed Central

A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural “social signal transduction” pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving. PMID:25166010

Cole, Steven W.

2014-01-01

104

Human social genomics.  

PubMed

A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural "social signal transduction" pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving. PMID:25166010

Cole, Steven W

2014-08-01

105

Wayfinding in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

Liben-Nowell, David

106

Social impact of energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate analysis of Social impact indicators, as Health system situation, educational level, social relationships, economic situation, and ethic habits allows to find the correct energy supply system solution for each social situation.The Social Impact Method of Energy Analysis (SIMEA) correlates input data (current social indicators, such as economic, technological, environmental, and social conditions) to output data, that is feasible,

R. Capata; V. Naso; F. Orecchini

1996-01-01

107

SOCIAL POLICY CURRICULUM Social policies are the guiding principles that serve as the foundation for social  

E-print Network

in such fields as education reform, health care, poverty, urban systems, social welfare, childcare, and agingSOCIAL POLICY CURRICULUM Social policies are the guiding principles that serve as the foundation for social programs. The Social Policy concentration allows you to analyze the ways in which social policies

Shahriar, Selim

108

Designing for Social Development: Enhancing Mobile Social Software through Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss the problem of designing mobile social software to support social capital. This approach aims at exploiting ICT to reconcile social and economic development, essential to create a human-centered Information Society. Firstly, a literature review of social capital theory is presented. Then, mobile social software is analyzed according to three dimensions: technical, individual and social. Finally,

Giuseppe Lugano

109

Psychopathology of social isolation.  

PubMed

The most important defining factor of being human is the use of symbolic language. Language or communication problem occurs during the growth, the child will have a higher risk of social isolation and then the survival will be threatened constantly. Today, adolescents and youths are familiar with computer and smart-phone devices, and communication with others by these devices is easy than face-to-face communication. As adolescents and youths live in the comfortable and familiar cyber-world rather than actively participating real society, so they make social isolation. Extreme form of this isolation in adolescents and youths is so-called Socially Withdrawn Youth. In this study, the psychopathological factors inducing social isolation were discussed. Development stages of social isolation in relation with types of social isolation, Ego-syntonic isolation and Ego-dystonic isolation, were also considered. PMID:25061592

Baek, Sang-Bin

2014-06-01

110

Localization of social communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fundamental problem in the social science and network theory is a gap between local communication and global information sharing. Due to the limited availability of empirical data, previous works on large-scale social communication mainly focused on the topological structure, lacking of knowledge on human behavior and individual activity, such as where individual lives, how far one lives from his friends, which are expected to play important roles in social communication. Here we studied the contribution of individual activity to social communication as well as the interplay between individual activity and topological structure, finding emergence of a typical communication distance between two friends, indicating a localization feature in social networks. Moreover, this localization phenomenon is associated with typological clustering, suggesting an integrating theory in understanding social behaviors.

Wang, Dashun; Song, Chaoming; Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo

2010-03-01

111

Consumer Economic Socialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter addresses the concept of consumer economic socialization as it has developed in the literature. Specifically,\\u000a it covers the context in which the following have been studied: economic socialization; children and adolescents’ developmental\\u000a competencies in understanding and participating in economic and consumer processes; and major agents of economic socialization,\\u000a including culture, media, schools, peers, and families. Needs for further

Beutler Ivan; Lori Dickson

112

Social learning strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most studies of social learning in animals, no attempt has been made to examine the nature of the strategy adopted by animals\\u000a when they copy others. Researchers have expended considerable effort in exploring the psychological processes that underlie\\u000a social learning and amassed extensive data banks recording purported social learning in the field, but the contexts under\\u000a which animals copy

Kevin N. Laland

2004-01-01

113

Social Problems: Sociology 231  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online syllabi and course readings offer good examples of the manner in which the Internet can enrich university courses. Dr. Frank Elwell's fall 1997 course on social problems explored the links between technological development, population growth, environmental degradation, social change and disorganization, social inequality, deviance and crime. Both the course outline and syllabus feature links to essays by Elwell, study guides, and previous exams.

Elwell, Frank W.

1997-01-01

114

a Social Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Male homosexuality has been viewed by evolutionary psychologists as a Darwinian paradox, and by other social scientists as a social construction.We argue that it is better understood as an evolutionary social construction. Male homosexuality as we now know it is an 18th-century invention, but nonexclusive same-sex sexual behavior has a long evolutionary history. According to the alliance-formation hypoth- esis, same-sex

Pieter R. Adriaens; Andreas De Block

2006-01-01

115

How “Social” is the social Simon effect?  

PubMed Central

In the standard Simon task, participants carry out spatially defined responses to non-spatial stimulus attributes. Responses are typically faster when stimulus location and response location correspond. This effect disappears when a participant responds to only one of the two stimuli and reappears when another person carries out the other response. This social Simon effect (SSE) has been considered as providing an index for action co-representation. Here, we investigated whether joint-action effects in a social Simon task involve mechanisms of action co-representation, as measured by the amount of incorporation of another person's action. We combined an auditory social Simon task with a manipulation of the sense of ownership of another person's hand (rubber hand illusion). If the SSE is established by action co-representation, then the incorporation of the other person's hand into one's own body representation should increase the SSE (synchronous?>?asynchronous stroking). However, we found the SSE to be smaller in the synchronous as compared to the asynchronous stroking condition (Experiment 1), suggesting that the SSE reflects the separation of spatial action events rather than the integration of the other person's action. This effect is independent of the active involvement (Experiment 2) and the presence of another person (Experiment 3). These findings suggest that the “social” Simon effect is not really social in nature but is established when an interaction partner produces events that serve as a spatial reference for one's own actions. PMID:21687453

Dolk, Thomas; Hommel, Bernhard; Colzato, Lorenza S.; Schütz-Bosbach, Simone; Prinz, Wolfgang; Liepelt, Roman

2011-01-01

116

The social dominance paradox.  

PubMed

Dominant individuals report high levels of self-sufficiency, self-esteem, and authoritarianism. The lay stereotype suggests that such individuals ignore information from others, preferring to make their own choices. However, the nonhuman animal literature presents a conflicting view, suggesting that dominant individuals are avid social learners, whereas subordinates focus on learning from private experience. Whether dominant humans are best characterized by the lay stereotype or the animal view is currently unknown. Here, we present a "social dominance paradox": using self-report scales and computerized tasks, we demonstrate that socially dominant people explicitly value independence, but, paradoxically, in a complex decision-making task, they show an enhanced reliance (relative to subordinate individuals) on social learning. More specifically, socially dominant people employed a strategy of copying other agents when the agents' responses had a history of being correct. However, in humans, two subtypes of dominance have been identified [1]: aggressive and social. Aggressively dominant individuals, who are as likely to "get their own way" as socially dominant individuals but who do so through the use of aggressive or Machiavellian tactics, did not use social information, even when it was beneficial to do so. This paper presents the first study of dominance and social learning in humans and challenges the lay stereotype in which all dominant individuals ignore others' views [2]. The more subtle perspective we offer could have important implications for decision making in both the boardroom and the classroom. PMID:25454588

Cook, Jennifer Louise; den Ouden, Hanneke E M; Heyes, Cecilia M; Cools, Roshan

2014-12-01

117

Tangible Social Network System.  

E-print Network

?? Tangible social network system is a home-based communication solution specifically designed for elders. Former researches indicate that insufficient communication among elders cause several challenges… (more)

Mannapperuma, Chanaka

2010-01-01

118

SocialCDN: Caching Techniques for Distributed Social Networks  

E-print Network

fusions of social and vehicular networks. I. INTRODUCTION Popular Online Social Networks (OSN. This revolution in human interaction through social media has brought to the forefront the issues of ownership. Critical among them is the need for a scalable social update dissemination service. A Social Update

Iftode, Liviu

119

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

120

Social work What social work course is there?  

E-print Network

Social work Essentials What social work course is there? Social Work (3 years full time. Part your personal statement, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited, social work practitioners and service- user and carer representatives In line with appropriate national

Sussex, University of

121

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

122

The Social Validity Assessment of Social Competence Intervention Behavior Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social validation is the value judgment from society on the importance of a study. The social validity of behavior goals used in the social competence intervention literature was assessed using the Q-sort technique. The stimulus items were 80 different social competence behavior goals taken from 78 classroom-based social competence intervention…

Hurley, Jennifer J.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Feurer, Irene D.

2010-01-01

123

Empathetic Social Choice on Social Networks Amirali Salehi-Abari  

E-print Network

matching on social networks [7, 4]. The influence of social networks on voting behavior has received aggregation (e.g., social welfare maximiza- tion or voting), and develop scalable optimization algorithms Algorithms, Economics, Human Factors, Theory Keywords Social Choice, Social and Economic Networks, Voting

Toronto, University of

124

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work  

E-print Network

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work First Nations Specialization Purpose The First transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part-time program of studies using: Program Requirement SOCW 300-3 Communication Skills in Social Work Practice SOCW 301-3 Critical Social

Northern British Columbia, University of

125

Social Development and Socialization Processes EDHD 720 Course Syllabus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this course is to cover theory and research in the area of social development. Social development is the study of how we become social members of society. This involves studying how children conceptualize the social world, interact with parents and caretakers, develop social relationships with peers, and interpret, analyze, and respond to cultural messages and ideologies. We

Melanie Killen

126

Social skill as determinant of social networks and perceived social support in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Factors influencing supportive social networks of people with schizophrenia are little understood. Data from 46 outpatients with schizophrenia were analysed using structural equation modelling to test plausible sets of inter-relationships between social skill, social networks, and social support. The data supported a tentative model about the causal relationships between variables. Paths showed that people with greater social skill had larger social networks, but did not necessarily perceive greater support from these networks. Negative symptoms accounted for some of the effect of social skill on social networks. Whereas groups of single-admission and multiple-admission participants did not differ in terms of social skill, social networks, or support, the age of the participants influenced their social skill and the size of their social networks. Younger participants had greater social skill and larger social networks. The results appear to suggest the importance of early intervention for young people with first-episode psychosis. PMID:9516669

Macdonald, E M; Jackson, H J; Hayes, R L; Baglioni, A J; Madden, C

1998-02-01

127

Social evils, poverty & health.  

PubMed

There is a close association between social circumstances and health. In India, there is a significant burden of both communicable and non communicable diseases. Risk factors responsible for these conditions are underweight, unsafe sex, unsafe water, poor sanitation and hygiene, indoor smoke pollution, zinc, iron and vitamin A deficiency, tobacco use, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. All these risk factors are influenced by social factors and in India the more important factors are poverty and illiteracy. Changing lifestyles as a result of rising incomes are significant risk factors for non communicable diseases. The social evils that influence poverty and health are macrolevel national and regional issues such as physical geography, governance patterns and failures, geopolitics, economic policy, natural resources decline, population growth, the demographic trap and the fiscal trap. Household and microlevel factors include the poverty trap, cultural barriers, lack of innovation and saving, absence of trade or business, unemployment, technological reversal, adverse productivity shock, social issues related to females, and adolescent social issues. Social determinants important for non communicable diseases, defined by the World Health Organization include the social gradient, stress, early life events, social exclusion, improper work conditions, unemployment, lack of social support, addiction, food scarcity or excess and uneven distribution, lack of proper transport, and illiteracy or low educational status. There are multiple pathways through which social factors influence health, and pathophysiological mechanisms involve homeostatic and allostatic changes in response to stress, neuroendocrine changes and altered autonomic functions, and abnormal inflammatory and immune responses. A concerted action to eradicate these social evils shall have to focus on reducing poverty, improving educational status and providing equitable and accessible healthcare to all. PMID:18032803

Gupta, Rajeev; Kumar, Praneet

2007-10-01

128

Social Work Patient & Family Services  

E-print Network

Social Work and Patient & Family Services 601 Elmwood Avenue RM. 1-1450 P. O. Box 650 Rochester, NY Social Work office lo- cated? The Social Work office is located on the first floor of Strong Memorial Hospital, Rm. 1-1450 How do I get in touch with a social worker? The social work department is open Monday

Goldman, Steven A.

129

USC School of Social Work  

E-print Network

USC School of Social Work T he USC School of Social Work offers programs of study leading to the Master of Social Work (M.S.W.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in social work. These programs provide. The USC School of Social Work uses Virtual Iraq, a program developed by the USC Institute for Creative

Rohs, Remo

130

Social norms and human cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of social norms is one of the big unsolved problems in social cognitive science. Although no other concept is invoked more frequently in the social sciences, we still know little about how social norms are formed, the forces determining their content, and the cognitive and emotional requirements that enable a species to establish and enforce social norms. In

Ernst Fehr; Urs Fischbacher

2004-01-01

131

Identifying Sources of Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents activities to help adolescent and young-adult students become aware of the different types and possible benefits of social support and help them develop skills for obtaining social support. The process involves introducing them to different types of social support, discussing social support, creating social support webs, and having…

Birch, David A.

1998-01-01

132

Reinventing Social Work Accreditation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accreditation under the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) has contributed to the professional decline of social work. The lack of scholarship of the Board of Directors of CSWE compromises its decision making. The quality of the professional literature suffers from the weak scholarship of editors and referees. The caliber of deans and…

Stoesz, David; Karger, Howard J.

2009-01-01

133

The Social Pork Barrel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A decisive shift toward alternative social welfare strategies - such as comprehensive national health insurance or universal income maintenance - can be accomplished only through a vast reprogramming of funds from within the social welfare sector of the budget itself. However, the major impediment to such a restructuring lies in the political and…

Stockman, David A.

1975-01-01

134

Imagining Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how creativity and the arts can assist teachers who teach from a social justice perspective, and how knowledge built through meaningful experiences of difference can make a difference. Just as imagining is central to visual arts practice, so too is the capacity to imagine a necessity for social justice. The authors ask what…

McArdle, Felicity; Knight, Linda; Stratigos, Tina

2013-01-01

135

Toward Social Learning Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are teaching a new generation of students, cradled in technologies, communication and abundance of information. The implications are that we need to focus the design of learning technologies to support social learning in context. Instead of designing technologies that ldquoteachrdquo the learner, the new social learning technologies will perform three main roles: 1) support the learner in finding the

Julita Vassileva

2008-01-01

136

KET Social Studies Posters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The KET Social Studies posters provide an overview of the five “big ideas” that make up Kentucky’s K-12 social studies curriculum. These posters are appropriate for classroom display for both student and teacher reference. Each poster is available in two sizes and may be printed in color or black and white.

Ket

2012-02-15

137

Social Studies Resource Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the premise that fundamental solutions to environmental problems must include social solutions, these three resource units are designed to study the interrelation of man and nature as part of the social studies curriculum. A series of inquiry questions are posed with the intent of stimulating students to find solutions to our…

Bemiss, Clair W.

138

Lockean Social Epistemology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Locke's reputation as a sceptic regarding testimony, and the resultant mockery by epistemologists with social inclinations, is well known. In particular Michael Welbourne, in his article "The Community of Knowledge" (1981), depicts Lockean epistemology as fundamentally opposed to a social conception of knowledge, claiming that he…

McNulty, Lisa

2013-01-01

139

Social anxiety disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Social anxiety disorder is a persistent and irrational fear of situations that may involve scrutiny or judgment by others, ... People with social anxiety disorder fear and avoid situations in which they may be judged by others. It may begin in adolescence and ...

140

Building Social Media Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporating social media tools into your professional practices does not have to be intimidating as long as you are willing to tackle five action steps. It is far easier to articulate the strengths--and to imagine the possibilities--of social media spaces as tools for communication and professional development when you are actively using those…

Ferriter, William N.; Ramsden, Jason T.; Sheninger, Eric C.

2012-01-01

141

Sizing Up Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most people are aware of the increasing importance of social media to institutional advancement, and many colleges and universities have started investing resources in these media. The next step is to measure the impact of social media on the institution and evaluate the success of one's efforts. Every advancement leader should understand how…

Pearson, Jerold

2010-01-01

142

SORORITY LIFE SOCIAL EVENTS  

E-print Network

& FRATERNITY SORORITY LIFE SOCIAL EVENTS HANDBOOK 2013 OFFICE OF RESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS FRATERNITY & SORORITY LIFE AND LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT www.columbiagreeks.info #12;Social Events- 2 Table of Contents & Sorority Life General Information Regarding BVL National Panhellenic Conference-Alcohol Resolution REQUIRED

Hone, James

143

Professional Socialization in Nursing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional socialization is the process by which individuals acquire the specialized knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, norms, and interests needed to perform their professional roles acceptably. The following interacting domains of potential professional self-growth can be defined as outcomes of the socialization process: self-image, role…

Edens, Geraldine E.

144

A Social Capital Index  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We define an index of social capital using game-theoretical concepts. We assume that interests of individuals are presented by means of a cooperative game which take into account possible different players abilities whereas the network of relations is modeled by a graph. The social capital of each actor is then measured as the difference between his Myerson value and his Shapley value.

Gonzàlez-Aranguena, Enrique; Khmelnitskaya, Anna; Manuel, Conrado; del Pozo, Mónica

2011-09-01

145

Social Withdrawal in Childhood  

PubMed Central

Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes, including socio-emotional difficulties (e.g., anxiety, low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and internalizing problems), peer difficulties (e.g., rejection, victimization, poor friendship quality), and school difficulties (e.g., poor-quality teacher-child relationships, academic difficulties, school avoidance). The goals of the current review are to (a) provide some definitional, theoretical, and methodological clarity to the complex array of terms and constructs previously employed in the study of social withdrawal; (b) examine the predictors, correlates, and consequences of child and early-adolescent social withdrawal; and (c) present a developmental framework describing pathways to and from social withdrawal in childhood. PMID:18851686

Rubin, Kenneth H.; Coplan, Robert J.; Bowker, Julie C.

2013-01-01

146

Social Learning Analytics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We propose that the design and implementation of effective "Social Learning Analytics (SLA)" present significant challenges and opportunities for both research and enterprise, in three important respects. The first is that the learning landscape is extraordinarily turbulent at present, in no small part due to technological drivers. Online social

Buckingham Shum, Simon; Ferguson, Rebecca

2012-01-01

147

Schooling and Social Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until the 1960s schooling in Korea was looked upon quite favorably as a means of achieving equal social and economic opportunities. In the 1970s, however, many began to raise the question of whether the expansion of educational opportunities really did reduce social inequalities. This report discusses research that analyzes available evidence…

Kim, Byong-sung; And Others

148

Limits of social mobilization.  

PubMed

The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations over large geographies. Despite significant success, selection bias may lead to inflated expectations of the efficacy of social mobilization for these tasks. What are the limits of social mobilization, and how reliable is it in operating at these limits? We build on recent results on the spatiotemporal structure of social and information networks to elucidate the constraints they pose on social mobilization. We use the DARPA Network Challenge as our working scenario, in which social media were used to locate 10 balloons across the United States. We conduct high-resolution simulations for referral-based crowdsourcing and obtain a statistical characterization of the population recruited, geography covered, and time to completion. Our results demonstrate that the outcome is plausible without the presence of mass media but lies at the limit of what time-critical social mobilization can achieve. Success relies critically on highly connected individuals willing to mobilize people in distant locations, overcoming the local trapping of diffusion in highly dense areas. However, even under these highly favorable conditions, the risk of unsuccessful search remains significant. These findings have implications for the design of better incentive schemes for social mobilization. They also call for caution in estimating the reliability of this capability. PMID:23576719

Rutherford, Alex; Cebrian, Manuel; Dsouza, Sohan; Moro, Esteban; Pentland, Alex; Rahwan, Iyad

2013-04-16

149

Social capital and access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical access to computers does not guarantee access to the information society. To help ensure that the first type of access translates into the second, it is necessary to pay attention to how computer and Internet use can enhance social capital. Drawing on examples from technology projects in India and other countries, this paper examines the concept of social capital

Mark Warschauer

2003-01-01

150

Social withdrawal in childhood.  

PubMed

Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes, including socio-emotional difficulties (e.g., anxiety, low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and internalizing problems), peer difficulties (e.g., rejection, victimization, poor friendship quality), and school difficulties (e.g., poor-quality teacher-child relationships, academic difficulties, school avoidance). The goals of the current review are to (a) provide some definitional, theoretical, and methodological clarity to the complex array of terms and constructs previously employed in the study of social withdrawal; (b) examine the predictors, correlates, and consequences of child and early-adolescent social withdrawal; and (c) present a developmental framework describing pathways to and from social withdrawal in childhood. PMID:18851686

Rubin, Kenneth H; Coplan, Robert J; Bowker, Julie C

2009-01-01

151

Transmission of social attitudes.  

PubMed Central

Data gathered in Australia and England on the social attitudes of spouses and twins are largely consistent with a genetic model for family resemblance in social attitudes. There is substantial assortative mating and little evidence of vertical cultural inheritance. PMID:3459179

Martin, N G; Eaves, L J; Heath, A C; Jardine, R; Feingold, L M; Eysenck, H J

1986-01-01

152

Social Space: Philosophical Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our analysis of the phrase "social space" first of all concentrates on the modal or functional nature of the different aspects of reality, including the social and spatial aspects. Subsequently this leads to an analysis of the problem of modal analogies--one way in which an answer is given to the perennial philosophical problem concerning the…

Strauss, D. F. M.

2009-01-01

153

Limits of social mobilization  

PubMed Central

The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations over large geographies. Despite significant success, selection bias may lead to inflated expectations of the efficacy of social mobilization for these tasks. What are the limits of social mobilization, and how reliable is it in operating at these limits? We build on recent results on the spatiotemporal structure of social and information networks to elucidate the constraints they pose on social mobilization. We use the DARPA Network Challenge as our working scenario, in which social media were used to locate 10 balloons across the United States. We conduct high-resolution simulations for referral-based crowdsourcing and obtain a statistical characterization of the population recruited, geography covered, and time to completion. Our results demonstrate that the outcome is plausible without the presence of mass media but lies at the limit of what time-critical social mobilization can achieve. Success relies critically on highly connected individuals willing to mobilize people in distant locations, overcoming the local trapping of diffusion in highly dense areas. However, even under these highly favorable conditions, the risk of unsuccessful search remains significant. These findings have implications for the design of better incentive schemes for social mobilization. They also call for caution in estimating the reliability of this capability. PMID:23576719

Rutherford, Alex; Cebrian, Manuel; Dsouza, Sohan; Moro, Esteban; Pentland, Alex; Rahwan, Iyad

2013-01-01

154

Social Policies for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that successful social policies for children are critical to our nation's future, this book discusses the status of children in America and suggests that the nation's current policies may not be serving them well. Proposals for seven new social policies are discussed that deal with the following domains affecting children from birth through…

Garfinkel, Irwin, Ed.; And Others

155

Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific  

E-print Network

Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qual- itative Research Gary King, Robert O idea of what is scientific about the study of society. The divide has sparked battles in nearly all- cial inquiry that could be used by a social scientist employing any method. The authors--all leading

Landweber, Laura

156

Social Media Under Social Control: Regulating Social Media and the Future of Socialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of socialization for new and future journalists will look dramatically different from the process undergone by previous generations of journalists because of economic realities and changes in the nature of news production. The rise of social media and their role in the establishment of a successful career will also affect the integration of these rising professionals into their

Susan Currie Sivek

2010-01-01

157

Explaining Social Constructivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many versions of social constructivism (SC) maintain that objects exist only after they enter communicative space. At one level an object's existence is determined through an individual's sensory perception; through communicative acts, both intra- and interpersonally, they are defined and eventually embody meaning. The social process of defining…

Keaton, Shaughan A.; Bodie, Graham D.

2011-01-01

158

Social Workers and Burnout  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored different types of job stressors suggested by cognitive approaches to stress. The social work staff of several county social service agencies completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Work Environment Scale, the Jenkins Activity Survey and the Hassles Scale. The data were assessed for correlational trends using a modified hierarchical multiple regression model. Results of the study indicate that

Mary Johnson; Gerald L. Stone

1987-01-01

159

Social dynamics of science.  

PubMed

The birth and decline of disciplines are critical to science and society. How do scientific disciplines emerge? No quantitative model to date allows us to validate competing theories on the different roles of endogenous processes, such as social collaborations, and exogenous events, such as scientific discoveries. Here we propose an agent-based model in which the evolution of disciplines is guided mainly by social interactions among agents representing scientists. Disciplines emerge from splitting and merging of social communities in a collaboration network. We find that this social model can account for a number of stylized facts about the relationships between disciplines, scholars, and publications. These results provide strong quantitative support for the key role of social interactions in shaping the dynamics of science. While several "science of science" theories exist, this is the first account for the emergence of disciplines that is validated on the basis of empirical data. PMID:23323212

Sun, Xiaoling; Kaur, Jasleen; Milojevi?, Staša; Flammini, Alessandro; Menczer, Filippo

2013-01-01

160

Social phobia: an update.  

PubMed

The literature on social phobia is reviewed in this article. Social phobia has undergone considerable diagnostic evolution to reach its present form in DSM-IV. Its differential diagnosis includes panic disorder with agoraphobia, avoidant personality disorder, depression, and "shyness." Cross-cultural issues are important to consider because the disorder may manifest differently in different cultures and social settings. It is common, with a lifetime prevalence of 13.3% in the United States according to recent epidemiological studies. Underrecognition of social phobia remains an issue of concern. Comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders, including other anxiety disorders, depression, alcohol abuse, and personality disorders, frequently occurs. Current conceptualizations of the etiology of social phobia reflect psychodynamic theories and evidence from family and genetic studies, neurobiological research, and neuroimaging. Drugs such as monoamine oxidase inhibitors, selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors, benzodiazepines, and beta3-adrenergic blockers have proven to be efficacious, as has cognitive-behavioral treatment, including group approaches. PMID:9493947

Fones, C S; Manfro, G G; Pollack, M H

1998-01-01

161

Serotonin and Social Norms  

PubMed Central

How do people sustain resources for the benefit of individuals and communities and avoid the tragedy of the commons, in which shared resources become exhausted? In the present study, we examined the role of serotonin activity and social norms in the management of depletable resources. Healthy adults, alongside social partners, completed a multiplayer resource-dilemma game in which they repeatedly harvested from a partially replenishable monetary resource. Dietary tryptophan depletion, leading to reduced serotonin activity, was associated with aggressive harvesting strategies and disrupted use of the social norms given by distributions of other players’ harvests. Tryptophan-depleted participants more frequently exhausted the resource completely and also accumulated fewer rewards than participants who were not tryptophan depleted. Our findings show that rank-based social comparisons are crucial to the management of depletable resources, and that serotonin mediates responses to social norms. PMID:24815611

Bilderbeck, Amy C.; Brown, Gordon D. A.; Read, Judi; Woolrich, Mark; Cowen, Phillip J.; Behrens, Tim E. J.

2014-01-01

162

Stanford Social Innovation Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Stanford Social Innovation Review is a magazine written "for and by social change leaders in the nonprofit, business, and government sectors who view collaboration as key to solving environmental, social, and economic justice issues." Visitors can look on the website for timely articles on nonprofit management, philanthropy, and global issues. The elegance of the homepage makes it quite easy to navigate and a handy search feature makes it easy to locate items of particular interest. A good deal of the content here is available at no charge and users can scroll on over to the Most Read Articles and Most Read Blog Posts to get an idea of where to start. Additionally, a number of webinars are available at no charge, such as the recent, "Data-Driven Strategy in the Social Sector." Visitors can also explore some podcasts that deal with social entrepreneurship and supply chain management.

163

Distinguishing Between Social Reinforcement and Social Elicitation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the distinction between species-typical (elicitation) and operant reinforcement interpretations of infant/adult social interaction; considers procedural and analytic components of Poulson's 1983 paper (v36 p471-89); and clarifies differences in Poulson's interpretation and the author's interpretation of the vocal conditioning studies of…

Bloom, Kathleen

1984-01-01

164

Social enterprise as a socially rational business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to examine the discourses that influence policy and practice in social enterprises. In institutional circles, arguments are shaped by the desire to protect assets for the community, while entrepreneurial discourses favour a mixture of investment sources, surplus sharing and inclusive systems of governance. A critique is outlined that challenges policy-makers and academics to move beyond

Rory Ridley-Duff

2008-01-01

165

Infant Social Attention Predicts Preschool Social Cognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research examining infants' understanding of intentional action claims to be studying the early origins or precursors of children's later theories of mind. If these infant understandings are continuous with later preschool achievements, there should be empirical connections between the two. We provide initial evidence that infants' social

Wellman, Henry M.; Phillips, Ann T.; Dunphy-Lelii, Sarah; LaLonde, Nicole

2004-01-01

166

Teaching Social Software with Social Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ulises Mejias examines how social software--information and communications technologies that facilitate the collaboration and exchange of ideas--enables students to participate in distributed research, an approach to learning in which knowledge is collectively constructed and shared. During Fall 2005, Mejias taught a graduate seminar that provided…

Mejias, Ulises

2006-01-01

167

Social Issues as Social Problems: Adolescents' Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 446 late adolescents concerning their assessment of specific social issues as problems existing in contemporary American society. Subjects overwhelmingly pointed to drug use, pollution, hunger, nuclear war, and poverty as serious to very serious problems, while ageism, and racial and sexual discrimination were regarded as substantially…

Roscoe, Bruce

1985-01-01

168

Business for Social Responsibility Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A nonprofit organization, Business for Social Responsibility (BSR) provides information, tools, training and advisory services to make corporate social responsibility an integral part of business operations and strategies.

2007-04-15

169

Canadian Social Research Links  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained with almost obsessive thoroughness by an employee at Human Resources Development Canada, this Website is an excellent gateway to Canadian social science resources on the Web. The site offers collections of annotated links from government outlets, academic sources, policy institutions, and NGOs. Visitors can browse sites under regional and thematic categories as well use "quicklinks" to government sources for social science data, including social policy, economic, and employment data. The annotations are very helpful, usually including the date of a document or a Website's last update and a summary or quotation from the resource. Some resources are presented in a pro-and-con format so that researchers can immediately compare reports and arguments from credible sources on political and social issues. Theme lists include hundreds of links in disability, education, human rights, homelessness and hunger, election 2000, social research organizations, unions, UN links, women's social issues, and dozens more. Also, the author provides a free weekly email newsletter that includes the latest updates to the Website. There is much more here, but I think interested parties get the idea: anyone doing social research in or about Canada will definitely want to bookmark this one. The site is the sole property and responsibility of Gilles Seguin who maintains the site on his own time. And yes, the site is also available in French.

170

Social strategies that work.  

PubMed

Although most companies have collected lots of friends and followers on social platforms such as Facebook, few have succeeded in generating profits there. That's because they merely port their digital strategies into social environments by broadcasting their commercial messages or seeking customer feedback. To succeed on social platforms, says Harvard Business School's Piskorski, businesses need to devise social strategies that are consistent with users' expectations and behavior in these venues--namely, people want to connect with other people, not with companies. The author defines successful social strategies as those that reduce costs or increase customers' willingness to pay by helping people establish or strengthen relationships through doing free work on a company's behalf. Citing successes at Zynga, eBay, American Express, and Yelp, Piskorski shows that social strategies can generate profits by helping people connect in exchange for tasks that benefit the company such as customer acquisition, marketing, and content creation. He lays out a systematic way to build a social strategy and shows how a major credit card company he advised used the method to roll out its own strategy. PMID:22111430

Piskorski, Miko?aj Jan

2011-11-01

171

Social cohesion matters in health  

PubMed Central

Introduction The concept of social cohesion has invoked debate due to the vagueness of its definition and the limitations of current measurements. This paper attempts to examine the concept of social cohesion, develop measurements, and investigate the relationship between social cohesion and individual health. Methods This study used a multilevel study design. The individual-level samples from 29 high-income countries were obtained from the 2000 World Value Survey (WVS) and the 2002 European Value Survey. National-level social cohesion statistics were obtained from Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development datasets, World Development Indicators, and Asian Development Bank key indicators for the year 2000, and from aggregating responses from the WVS. In total 47,923 individuals were included in this study. The factor analysis was applied to identify dimensions of social cohesion, which were used as entities in the cluster analysis to generate a regime typology of social cohesion. Then, multilevel regression models were applied to assess the influences of social cohesion on an individual’s self-rated health. Results and discussion Factor analysis identified five dimensions of social cohesion: social equality, social inclusion, social development, social capital, and social diversity. Then, the cluster analysis revealed five regimes of social cohesion. A multi-level analysis showed that respondents in countries with higher social inclusion, social capital, and social diversity were more likely to report good health above and beyond individual-level characteristics. Conclusions This study is an innovative effort to incorporate different aspects of social cohesion. This study suggests that social cohesion was associated with individual self-rated after controlling individual characteristics. To achieve further advancement in population health, developed countries should consider policies that would foster a society with a high level of social inclusion, social capital, and social diversity. Future research could focus on identifying possible pathways by which social cohesion influences various health outcomes. PMID:24165541

2013-01-01

172

Architecting social TV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Video consumption patterns continue to change with consumers relying more and more on on-demand Internet video and portable devices rather than traditional TV services. This new form of video service delivery and consumption makes possible more interactive and social experiences for video consumers, commonly referred to as Social TV services. This paper presents an overview of technologies and guidelines for the development of Social TV applications. A prototype using three core technologies, WebRTC, DASH, and WebSocket was developed to understand the challenges and demonstrate the feasibility of such applications.

Figuerola Salas, Óscar; Kalva, Hari

2013-09-01

173

The social life of cognition.  

PubMed

We begin by illustrating that long before the cognitive revolution, social psychology focused on topics pertaining to what is now known as social cognition: people's subjective interpretations of social situations and the concepts and cognitive processes underlying these interpretations. We then examine two questions: whether social cognition entails characteristic concepts and cognitive processes, and how social processes might themselves shape and constrain cognition. We suggest that social cognition relies heavily on generic cognition but also on unique concepts (e.g., agent, intentionality) and unique processes (e.g., projection, imitation, joint attention). We further suggest that social processes play a prominent role in the development and unfolding of several generic cognitive processes, including learning, attention, and memory. Finally, we comment on the prospects of a recently developing approach to the study of social cognition (social neuroscience) and two potential future directions (computational social cognition and social-cognitive robotics). PMID:25433794

Korman, Joanna; Voiklis, John; Malle, Bertram F

2014-11-26

174

SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social skills. Here, a developmental biopsychosocial model (SOCIAL) is offered that incorporates the

Miriam H. Beauchamp; Vicki Anderson

2010-01-01

175

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students for continuing professional education and/or graduate education. The social work program is based on the concept

Raina, Ramesh

176

Social Work Is Social Work right for me?  

E-print Network

Social Work Is Social Work right for me? If you are interested in assisting and supporting vulnerable people and helping them and their families then social work could be the subject for you. You with the Care Council for Wales. The skills you can gain from a degree in Social Work are wide ranging

Harman, Neal.A.

177

Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet  

E-print Network

Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet Accredited by CSWE June 2013 In 2010, the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) began to offer the Master of Social Work (MSW) degree. The MSW prepares. The Program's Concentration is "Social Work in the Border Region." Students are trained to address the many

Ward, Karen

178

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Disability Studies can or family practice. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

179

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Diaspora Studies can lead, children's services, residential centres and family services. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Social Work

180

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America. We

181

Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work  

E-print Network

Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work San José State University MSW Student Handbook #12;2 Master of Social Work Student Handbook Last Updated: August 16, 2011 Disclaimer: This MSW ­ Room 215 408-924-5800 (office number) 408-924-5892 (fax number) Mailing Address: Master of Social Work

Su, Xiao

182

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims Brown Thoreck, Baccalaureate Program Director, 315-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students

Raina, Ramesh

183

Social cognition in ravens 1 Social cognition in ravens  

E-print Network

Social cognition in ravens 1 Social cognition in ravens Thomas Bugnyar University of Vienna of higher cognitive abilities in humans and non-human animals. Until recently, this theory has been tested that sophisticated social cognition may evolve in systems with a given degree of social complexity, independently

Cook, Robert

184

Acculturation, Social Identity, and Social Cognition: A New Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors argue in this article that new approaches are needed in the study of psychological acculturation. They posit that a new model of psychological acculturation should incorporate contemporary work in social and cognitive psychology. The model they present builds on previous research in the areas of social cognition, cultural competence, social identity, and social stigma. Each of these perspectives

Amado M. Padilla; William Perez

2003-01-01

185

Social Facilitators: Supporting Students with Asperger's Syndrome Social Facilitator  

E-print Network

Social Facilitators: Supporting Students with Asperger's Syndrome Role: Social Facilitator (NB. You with Asperger's Syndrome. To arrange your own 1:1 Social Facilitator sessions once you have been introduced: To provide 1:1 Social Facilitator support to a student with Asperger's Syndrome to enable the student

Burton, Geoffrey R.

186

Social support and adjustment: Predictive benefits of social climate indices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimates the relationship between social support and physical and psychological adjustment, using measures that afford a qualitative assessment of social support. Qualitative indices of social support in family {Family Relationships lndex) and work {Work Relationships Index) environments were derived from available social climate measures. Respondents were a randomly selected community sample of 267 male and 267 female adult

Charles J. Holahan; Rudolf H. Moos

1982-01-01

187

Social cognition, social skill, and the broad autism phenotype.  

PubMed

Social-cognitive deficits differentiate parents with the "broad autism phenotype" from non-broad autism phenotype parents more robustly than other neuropsychological features of autism, suggesting that this domain may be particularly informative for identifying genetic and brain processes associated with the phenotype. The current study examined whether the social-cognitive deficits associated with the broad autism phenotype extend to the general population and relate to reduced social skill. A total of 74 undergraduates completed the Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire, three standardized social-cognitive tasks, and a live social interaction with an unfamiliar research assistant. Social broad autism phenotype traits were significantly associated with deficits in social cognition and reduced social skill. In addition, the relationship between social broad autism phenotype traits and social skill was partially mediated by social cognition, suggesting that the reduced interpersonal ability associated with the broad autism phenotype occurs in part because of poorer social-cognitive ability. Together, these findings indicate that the impairments in social cognition and social skill that characterize autism spectrum disorder extend in milder forms to the broad autism phenotype in the general population and suggest a framework for understanding how social broad autism phenotype traits may manifest in diminished social ability. PMID:22987889

Sasson, Noah J; Nowlin, Rachel B; Pinkham, Amy E

2013-11-01

188

Social Capital and the Human Psyche: Why Is Social Life \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we propose a revised definition of social capital, premised on the principles of evolutionary psychology. We define social capital as any feature of a social relationship that, directly or indirectly, confers reproductive benefits to a participant in that relationship. This definition grounds the construct of social capital in human nature by providing a basis for inferring the

Joanne Savage; Satoshi Kanazawa

2004-01-01

189

SocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics  

E-print Network

SocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics Ziming Zhao, Gail-Joon Ahn that suspicious attackers heavily utilize online social networks to form special interest groups and distribute malicious code. Consequently, examining social dynamics, as a novel way to complement existing research

Duchowski, Andrew T.

190

Doctor of Applied Social Research Social Work Pathway  

E-print Network

leadership theories and management style analysis, ethical issues, staff development and anti- oppressiveDASR Doctor of Applied Social Research Social Work Pathway · The programme is intended in social work and related social issues. It is directed towards building capacity in the analysis of policy

Little, Tony

191

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work  

E-print Network

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Child Welfare Specialization Purpose The Child on the student's graduating transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part. The Northern Social Work Student Association with support from the Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology

Northern British Columbia, University of

192

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program generalist professional practice by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2

Mather, Patrick T.

193

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-5562. The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program, in order of priority, are as follows: 1. To prepare undergraduate social work students for competent entry

McConnell, Terry

194

Campus Limpertsberg 8 October 2013 Social Enterprise and Social Innovation  

E-print Network

perspective The concepts of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship appeared in the mid-1990s in Western basis, participants will be invited to position their own understanding of social entrepreneurship Director of the Center for Social Economy (CES) Belgium Jacques Defourny is full professor

van der Torre, Leon

195

Socially guided machine learning  

E-print Network

Social interaction will be key to enabling robots and machines in general to learn new tasks from ordinary people (not experts in robotics or machine learning). Everyday people who need to teach their machines new things ...

Thomaz, Andrea Lockerd

2006-01-01

196

Social Research Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Research Update is a quarterly publication of the Department of Sociology at the University of Surrey, UK. Its purpose is to help social researchers keep up to date with developments in their field. Each issue covers developments in one specific topic. Past Updates have covered such issues as focus groups, correspondence analysis, visual research methods, archiving qualitative research data, and analyzing qualitative data by computer, among others. Each issue is accompanied by a bibliography for further research.

197

Social Ecology of Horses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Horses (Equidae ) are believed to clearly demonstrate the links between ecology and social organization. Their social cognitive\\u000a abilities enable them to succeed in many different environments, including those provided for them by humans, or the ones\\u000a domestic horses encounter when escaping from their human care takers. Living in groups takes different shapes in equids. Their\\u000a aggregation and group cohesion

Konstanze Krueger

198

Social Science Hub  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Sharyn Clarkson, a BA in sociology and anthropology, this Website provides a directory for those looking for materials in the social sciences. The site features categorized listings of social science Websites, online journals and e-zines, search engines, government Websites, databases and archives, interactive forums, and a what's new section. There is an emphasis, but by no means an exclusive one, on Australian materials. Some entries are annotated, and the site is frequently updated.

199

The Social Side of School: Why Teachers Need Social Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching and learning are fundamentally social enterprises. In attempting to understand, explain, and predict social behavior,\\u000a social psychologists have amassed scores of empirically grounded, fundamental principles. Yet, many such principles have yet\\u000a to be applied to classrooms despite the social nature of these settings. This article illustrates how infusing novel concepts\\u000a from social psychology into teachers’ repertoires holds untapped potential

Hunter Gehlbach

2010-01-01

200

SOCIALLY IMPROVING TAX REFORMS &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes graphical methods to determine whether commodity tax changes are “socially improving,” in the sense of improving social welfare or decreasing poverty for large classes of social welfare and poverty indices. It also shows how estimators of critical poverty lines and economic efficiency ratios can be used to characterize socially improving tax reforms. The methodology is illustrated using

Jean-Yves Duclos; Paul Makdissi; Quentin Wodon

2008-01-01

201

The Social Psychology of Hatred  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hatred has not typically been a topic of research in the field of social psychology, although several components which embody hatred have been studied extensively in this field. Social psychologists have tradition- ally considered prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination and intergroup aggression to be highly important and socially relevant topics for research, and thousands of studies by social psychologists have examined these

Evan R. Harrington

202

Assessment of Basic Social Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following recent developments in the measurement of individual differences in nonverbal social skills, we proposed a conceptual framework for defining and assessing basic social skills. Preliminary testing resulted in the development of a 105-item, pencil-and-paper measure of seven basic dimensions of social skills, called the Social Skills Inventory (SSI). In a series of validation studies using undergraduate students, the SSI

Ronald E. Riggio

1986-01-01

203

[Social media, children and pediatricians].  

PubMed

Using social media web sites is a common activity for children, and any site that allows social interaction (social network, games, virtual worlds...) is a social media site. Pediatricians are in a position to help families understand the benefits and the risks of these sites, and to diagnose problems in children and adolescents as cyberbullying, depression, and post traumatic disorder. PMID:22119289

Le Heuzey, M-F

2012-01-01

204

Social Science and Institutional Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growth of the social sciences, there has been increasing interest in use of their products to shed light on, and solve, some of the pressing social problems of our society. This monograph, the first in a series of studies on social change, reports on an analysis of applications of social change theory and research to programs of…

Mayer, Robert R.

205

Linguistic Diversity and Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction provides the framework for the special issue by describing the social inclusion agenda of neoliberal market democracies. While the social inclusion agenda has been widely adopted, social inclusion policies are often blind to the ways in which language proficiency and language ideologies mediate social inclusion in linguistically…

Piller, Ingrid; Takahashi, Kimie

2011-01-01

206

Semantic Networks and Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To illustrate the need for social network metadata within semantic metadata. Design/methodology/approach: Surveys properties of social networks and the semantic web, suggests that social network analysis applies to semantic content, argues that semantic content is more searchable if social network metadata is merged with semantic web…

Downes, Stephen

2005-01-01

207

Social development: the intellectual heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because social development is primarily concerned with practical matters, little attention has been paid to the ideas, concepts and theories that inform social development interventions. Most publications on social development make little reference to theoretical issues, and most practitioners are unaware of the conceptual derivation of their activities. However, although seldom recognized or acknowledged, social development practice has, in a

James Midgley

2003-01-01

208

Modelling Social Learning in Monkeys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of modelling to social learning in monkey populations has been a neglected topic. Recently, however, a number of statistical, simulation and analytical approaches have been developed to help examine social learning processes, putative traditions, the use of social learning strategies and the diffusion dynamics of socially

Kendal, Jeremy R.

2008-01-01

209

Animal models of social avoidance and social fear.  

PubMed

Social fear and avoidance of social situations represent the main behavioral symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD), a highly prevalent anxiety disorder that is poorly elucidated and has rather unsatisfactory therapeutic options. Therefore, animal models are needed to study the underlying etiology and pathophysiology of SAD and to verify the efficacy of possible novel treatment approaches. In this review, we describe and discuss the most important paradigms that have been shown to induce social avoidance and fear in rodents, including foot shock exposure, restraint stress, social isolation, social instability, social defeat, conditioned defeat, social defeat/overcrowding, chronic subordinate colony housing, chronic mild stress, maternal separation and social fear conditioning. We also describe some of the behavioral paradigms used to assess social avoidance and fear in rodents, including the social interaction test, the social preference-avoidance test, the social approach-avoidance test, the three-chambered social approach test, the partition test and the modified Y-maze test. We focus on the behavioral alterations these paradigms induce, especially on social interaction, general anxiety and depressive-like behavior given that SAD is strongly comorbid with anxiety and affective disorders. PMID:23760888

Toth, Iulia; Neumann, Inga D

2013-10-01

210

[Social class and health].  

PubMed

This publication deals with the German social class and their interactions with health or illness. The analysis uses the data of the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998. The results are as follows: During the last decade the proportion of inhabitants of lower social class has decreased in favour of the proportions of middle and upper social classes. The formerly observed differences between the eastern part (former GDR) and the western part of Germany have diminished or have even levelled to zero. Even today men in Germany belong more often to the upper social class than women. For the risk factors smoking, massive obesity and inactivity in sports a distinct gradient concerning the social class can be observed. Those belonging to lower social class are more often smokers, have significantly more often massive obesity and show more seldom activities in sports. Hypertension and hypercholesterolemia are more often observed in men of the upper social class than in those belonging to lower class while for women both mentioned risk factors are more often seen in the lower social class. With respect to morbidity different patterns can be observed. NIDDM, chronic bronchitis and gastric and duodenal ulcer are examples for higher prevalence data in the lower social class while allergic rhinitis can be observed more often in the higher class. The level of complaints is higher in the lower class than in the upper class. By differentiating according to the eastern or western part clear differences emerge concerning social class especially in the 'old Bundesländer' (western part). Members of the upper class estimates their health status clearly to be better than those study participants belonging to the lower class. This perhaps can be explained by their lower level of complaints. The contentedness concerning live and health-status is higher in the upper than in the lower class. Respecting the highest level of education, class-specific differences concerning drug utilization are observed doubly frequent in the 'old Bundesländer' compared to the 'new Bundesländer'. According to the level of complaints and the prevalence of diseases most drug groups are used more often in the lower than in the upper class whereas drugs with presumed preventive potential are clearly more often consumed in the upper class. PMID:10726417

Knopf, H; Ellert, U; Melchert, H U

1999-12-01

211

Trust Maximization in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trust is a human-related phenomenon in social networks. Trust research on social networks has gained much attention on its usefulness, and on modeling propagations. There is little focus on finding maximum trust in social networks which is particularly important when a social network is oriented by certain tasks. In this paper, we propose a trust maximization algorithm based on the task-oriented social networks.

Zhan, Justin; Fang, Xing

212

Social Networks and Political Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social networks have been an important area of study in sociology dating back to the classic works of Simmel. The study of\\u000a social networks entails a unique perspective focused on social relations. It also carries a powerful methodological repertoire\\u000a geared toward mapping and analyzing social ties. Political research has greatly benefited from the application of social networks.\\u000a In particular, numerous

Clayton D. Peoples

213

Data Mining in Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The rise of online social media is providing a wealth of social network data. Data mining techniques provide researchers and\\u000a practitioners the tools needed to analyze large, complex, and frequently changing social media data. This chapter introduces\\u000a the basics of data mining, reviews social media, discusses how to mine social media data, and highlights some illustrative\\u000a examples with an emphasis

Geoffrey Barbier; Huan Liu

2011-01-01

214

Making Social Studies Social: Engaging Students through Different Forms of Social Perspective Taking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People are intrinsically motivated to connect to others socially. One of the most important mechanisms in fostering social relationships is social perspective taking (SPT)--the capacity to discern the thoughts and feelings of others. Thus, students in social studies classrooms might be motivated to engage with their subject either through taking…

Gehlbach, Hunter

2011-01-01

215

The Historically Black College as Social Contract, Social Capital, and Social Equalizer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) enjoy a unique social contract in the national history, acting as social agencies for society by providing equal educational opportunity and attainment for all students. This social contract brokered between the nation and African Americans is realized through social capital or distribution and…

Brown, M. Christopher, II; Davis, James Earl

2001-01-01

216

The ontogeny of social skills: experimental increases in social complexity enhance reproductive success in adult cowbirds  

E-print Network

The ontogeny of social skills: experimental increases in social complexity enhance reproductive navigate social interactions. The ontogeny of these social traits is poorly understood. We examined whether

Indiana University

217

How social cognition can inform social decision making  

PubMed Central

Social decision-making is often complex, requiring the decision-maker to make inferences of others' mental states in addition to engaging traditional decision-making processes like valuation and reward processing. A growing body of research in neuroeconomics has examined decision-making involving social and non-social stimuli to explore activity in brain regions such as the striatum and prefrontal cortex, largely ignoring the power of the social context. Perhaps more complex processes may influence decision-making in social vs. non-social contexts. Years of social psychology and social neuroscience research have documented a multitude of processes (e.g., mental state inferences, impression formation, spontaneous trait inferences) that occur upon viewing another person. These processes rely on a network of brain regions including medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), superior temporal sulcus (STS), temporal parietal junction, and precuneus among others. Undoubtedly, these social cognition processes affect social decision-making since mental state inferences occur spontaneously and automatically. Few studies have looked at how these social inference processes affect decision-making in a social context despite the capability of these inferences to serve as predictions that can guide future decision-making. Here we review and integrate the person perception and decision-making literatures to understand how social cognition can inform the study of social decision-making in a way that is consistent with both literatures. We identify gaps in both literatures—while behavioral economics largely ignores social processes that spontaneously occur upon viewing another person, social psychology has largely failed to talk about the implications of social cognition processes in an economic decision-making context—and examine the benefits of integrating social psychological theory with behavioral economic theory. PMID:24399928

Lee, Victoria K.; Harris, Lasana T.

2013-01-01

218

Parent Social Engagement: Associations with early adolescents' social skills and social anxiety  

E-print Network

with the ideas of Parke and colleagues (2002). Parents? relationships with other adults may serve as a model of social interaction in addition to the model provided by parent-child interactions. As suggested by social learning theory (Bandura, 1978; Bandura... PARENT SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT: ASSOCIATIONS WITH EARLY ADOLESCENTS? SOCIAL SKILLS AND SOCIAL ANXIETY BY Megan McFadden Submitted to the graduate degree program in Clinical Child Psychology and the Graduate Faculty...

McFadden, Megan

2009-12-18

219

Communication about social status.  

PubMed

Dominance hierarchies are ubiquitous in social species and serve to organize social systems. Social and sexual status is communicated directly among animals via sensory systems evolved in the particular species. Such signals may be chemical, visual, auditory, postural or a combination of signals. In most species, status is initially established through physical conflict between individuals that leads to ritualized conflict or threats, reducing possibly dangerous results of fighting. Many of the status signals contain other information, as in some bird species that communicate both the size of their group and their individual rank vocally. Recent studies have shown that scent signaling among hyenas of east Africa is unique, being produced by fermentative, odor producing bacteria residing in the scent glands. PMID:24793315

Fernald, Russell D

2014-10-01

220

The Social Network Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online social networking is an important part in the everyday life of college students. Despite the increasing popularity of online social networking among students and faculty members, its educational benefits are largely untested. This paper presents our experience in using social networking applications and video content distribution websites as a complement of traditional classroom education. In particular, the solution has been based on effective adaptation, extension and integration of Facebook, Twitter, Blogger YouTube and iTunes services for delivering educational material to students on mobile platforms like iPods and 3 rd generation mobile phones. The goals of the proposed educational platform, described in this paper, are to make the learning experience more engaging, to encourage collaborative work and knowledge sharing among students, and to provide an interactive platform for the educators to reach students and deliver lecture material in a totally new way.

Bunus, Peter

221

Social Science Information Gateway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located within the Institute for Learning and Research Technology at the University of Bristol, the Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) is an online database of high quality Internet resources that primarily deal with the vast array of social science fields and subfields. Visitors can perform a simple search, or browse through the subject headings offered on the homepage. Each one of these discrete sites has been catalogued and annotated, making it easier to find specific resources quickly. Within each field or subfield, the editors of SOSIG have also listed some of their top choices. One particularly fine feature of the site is the "Grapevine", which offers a place for people in the social sciences to find out (and publicize) information about career opportunities and upcoming events. Visitors can also post their vitas in order to facilitate such opportunities. Finally, it is worth noting that the coverage of events and the like here is particularly strong for the United Kingdom and continental Europe.

222

Quantum Social Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

2013-01-01

223

An Introduction to Social Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Paul Spicker, a professor of politics specializing in social policy, this Website presents a detailed, yet schematic view of the main themes, concepts, and controversies surrounding issues of the welfare state and social services. The site offers sections on social policy, welfare and society, social need, the welfare state, social services, the politics of welfare, British social policy, social services in the UK, and social policy on the Web (a collection of annotated links). Using a hypertext, bulleted format, the author manages to convey significant amounts of information about complex ideas in a relatively brief span without oversimplifying. An excellent resource for economics and sociology students working on social policy topics.

Spicker, Paul.

224

Psychobiology of social support: the social dimension of stress buffering.  

PubMed

Social integration and social support have a substantial influence on individual health and longevity, an effect assumed to be mediated through reduced stress reactivity in support recipients. However, considerable variability in individual responses to social support has been documented, suggesting that the beneficial effect of social support interacts with early experiences, genetically influenced differences in biological systems mediating social behavior, personality traits, and psychopathology. Here we outline the historical background of social support research, including epidemiological studies, laboratory studies, and field studies on the subject of social support and health, with regard to different psychobiological effector systems. Most recent research has focused on brain mechanisms which link social integration or social support with reduced neural threat responses. As numerous mental disorders are associated with considerable social impairment, understanding the potentially underlying mechanisms of neural plasticity in relation to social support, stress buffering and health in these disorders can help tailor new diagnostic and treatment strategies. Thus, theories of socially-driven emotional learning and memory, as presented in this review, might eventually lead to psychobiology-based treatment concepts for mental disorders involving social deficits. PMID:23603443

Ditzen, Beate; Heinrichs, Markus

2014-01-01

225

Ethics and social media.  

PubMed

Nurses' use of social media has increased significantly with growing numbers of media-sharing opportunities, platforms, and emerging forms of electronic applications. With the proliferation, opportunities and limitations surface regarding the responsibilities and accountability that nurses have in choosing technology applications with an embedded philosophical ethos that is consistent with the discipline's societal mandate of serving humankind in ways that honor human dignity. This article begins a discussion addressing possible disciplinary obligations and responsibilities for the implementation of social media platforms and possible implications for its future use in the discipline of nursing. PMID:25248768

Milton, Constance L

2014-10-01

226

Science Nation: Social Insects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yellow jackets are wasps, and though they seem eager to inflict pain, they do have some important redeeming qualities. They kill harmful garden pests and are among the most social insects on the planet, along with their stinging cousins, the ants and the social bees. In all three species, the queen lays all the eggs and the workers service the queen and help her raise the young. Georgia Institute of Technology biology professor Michael Goodisman is using National Science Foundation (NSF) support to try and understand these complex relationships and how they impact these intricate communities.

227

Social networking and adolescents.  

PubMed

Online social networking is a 21st century innovation increasingly embraced by today's young people. It provides new opportunities for communication that expand an adolescent's world. Yet adults, often suspicious of new trends and technologies initially embraced by youth, often see these new environments as perilous places to visit. These fears have been accentuated by media hype, especially about sexual predators. How dangerous are they? Because the rush to go on these sites is a new phenomenon, research is as yet scant. This review explores current beliefs and knowledge about the dangers of social networking sites. PMID:19492691

Fuld, Gilbert L

2009-04-01

228

Social Studies School Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beginning this month, socialstudies.com offers an Online Course for New History/ Social Studies Teachers designed to provide new teachers with icebreakers, lesson plans, background pedagogy, and activities for the classroom. Currently, IceBreakers, Introduction to Social Studies, and Lesson Planning (including over a dozen sample lessons) are online with Creative Lessons, Idea Books and Activities, and Assessment to follow. Lesson Planning also gives lists of supplementary print resources from socialstudies.com, which may be purchased online, and links to useful educational Websites.

229

Teaching Social Studies Methods  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Social Studies to K-8 students is an engaging and creative process. Children learn best when they are interested and engaged in local and personal history. Connecting historical events to children\\'s lives is a powerful way to develop historical and cultural awareness. In this exercise you will be able to find some national and local resources to help you design and implement Social Studies in your K-8 classrooms. So let\\'s get started! First let\\'s see what kinds of resources are available on the web and other virtual places that are engaging and interesting ...

Kalvaitis, Darius

2006-02-17

230

The Social Ecology of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A conceptual framework based on social ecology, social learning, and social control theories guided identification of social contexts, contextual attributes, and joint effects that contribute to development of adolescent alcohol misuse. Modeling of alcohol use, suggested by social learning theory, and indicators of the social bond, suggested by social control theory, were examined in the family, peer, school, and

Susan T. Ennett; Vangie A. Foshee; Karl E. Bauman; Andrea Hussong; Li Cai; Heathe Luz McNaughton Reyes; Robert Faris; John Hipp; Robert DuRant

2008-01-01

231

IBM Software Group Whitepaper The Social Business  

E-print Network

of the Social Business. Just as the Internet changed the marketplace forever, the integration of social as social computing and social media are integrated into enterprise design. What does it mean to be a SocialLotus IBM Software Group Whitepaper The Social Business Advent of a new age #12;2 The Social

232

Extensión del Formalismo de Orbitales de Defecto Cuántico al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El estudio experimental de las interacciones de átomos Rydberg altamente excitados con campos eléctricos ha experimentado un creciente interés durante las dos últimas décadas debido, en gran medida, al desarrollo de nuevas técnicas para crear y estudiar átomos Rydberg en el laboratorio. Acompañando a estas nuevas técnicas experimentales, es necesario el desarrollo de modelos teóricos que nos permitan contrastar sus medidas y conocer mejor los fundamentos de los mismos. Desde el punto de vista teórico el conocimiento del desdoblamiento de los niveles energéticos de un átomo en función de la magnitud del campo eléctrico aplicado (lo que se conoce como mapa Stark) es el mejor punto de partida para la descripción del sistema y un prerrequisito fundamental para el cálculo de distintas propiedades atómicas en presencia del campo eléctrico tales como intensidades de transición, umbrales de ionización de campo eléctrico, tiempos de vida, posición y anchura de cruces evitados, etc. En este trabajo presentamos la adaptación del método de orbitales de defecto cuántico [1,2,3] al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO) [4] y su aplicación al cálculo de los desdoblamientos energéticos y fuerzas de oscilador de estados Rydberg en los átomos de Li, Na y K. El propósito de este estudio es, por un lado, desarrollar métodos fiables para la determinación de propiedades atómicas en presencia de campos eléctricos y, por otro, mostrar la fiabilidad de las funciones de onda QDO en la descripción del efecto Stark en sistemas atómicos.

Menéndez, J. M.; Martín, I.; Velasco, A. M.

233

Social communication deficits: Specific associations with Social Anxiety Disorder  

PubMed Central

Background Social communication deficits are prevalent amongst children with anxiety disorders; however whether they are over-represented specifically among children with Social Anxiety Disorder has not been examined. This study set out to examine social communication deficits among children with Social Anxiety Disorder in comparison to children with other forms of anxiety disorder. Methods Parents of 404 children with a diagnosed anxiety disorder completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ; Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C., 2003. The Social Communication Questionnaire – Manual. Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, CA). Children with a diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder (n=262) and anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder (n=142) were compared on SCQ total and subscale scores and the frequency of participants scoring above clinical cut-offs. Results Children with Social Anxiety Disorder scored significantly higher than anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder on the SCQ total (t(352)=4.85, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), Reciprocal Social Interaction (t(351)=4.73, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), communication (t(344)=3.62, p<.001, d=.43, r=.21) and repetitive, restrictive and stereotyped behaviors subscales (t(353)=3.15, p=.002, d=.37, r=.18). Furthermore, children with Social Anxiety Disorder were three times more likely to score above clinical cut-offs. Limitations The participants were a relatively affluent group of predominantly non-minority status. The social communication difficulties measure relied on parental report which could be influenced by extraneous factors. Conclusions Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder may benefit from a specific focus on developing social communication skills. Future research using objective assessments of underlying social communication skills is required. PMID:25451393

Halls, Georgia; Cooper, Peter J.; Creswell, Cathy

2015-01-01

234

SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University  

E-print Network

SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University Fullerton, CA Handbook for Students 2009-2010 Third ...............................................................................................7 SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM GOALS.........................................................................................................10 Master of Social Work (MSW) Curriculum

de Lijser, Peter

235

Social Media Perry Cantarutti  

E-print Network

University Transportation Center Business Advisory Committee Symposium October 25, 2011 #12;DELTA AIR LINES, INC. Delta's Presence in Social Media · @Delta, @DeltaNewsRoom and @DeltaAssist · Real time customer goals and programs · Currently have a 3% organic growth rate on page · 43% engagement growth last month

Bustamante, Fabián E.

236

Writing in Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing needs to be given adequate emphasis in the area of social studies. Teachers should attempt to be creative and to assign different kinds of writing in their classes. This paper discusses possible activities for students in a unit on the Middle East to illustrate diverse purposes in writing. An initial assignment could be to ask students to…

Ediger, Marlow

237

Game Theory Social Intelligence  

E-print Network

Game Theory Social Intelligence Daniel Polani Game Theory ­ p.1/11 Reminders: Dominance Def): an outcome is Pareto dominated if all players would prefer some other outcome. Game Theory ­ p.3/11 Dominance strategy. Game The #12;Comments on Game Theory Remark: if the prisoner's dilemma game is being iterated

Polani, Daniel

238

Teaching Social Studies Indepth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social studies, too frequently, is taught in a survey approach whereby pupils obtain subject matter in a shallow manner. Forgetting and hazy recalls are typical of this procedure of instruction. Covering many topics in a relatively short period of time does not make for achievement which is long-lasting. Then too, selected pupils might be left…

Ediger, Marlow

2014-01-01

239

Social Policy Report, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These three newsletter issues present scholarly developmental research results pertaining to social and public policies that affect children. The first 1995 issue, "Escaping Poverty: The Promise of Higher Education" (Erika Kates), discusses results of a study that explored the ways in which institutions of higher education provide a supportive…

Thomas, Nancy G., Ed.

1995-01-01

240

Saving Social Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The resources discussed in this week's In The News address saving Social Security. Perhaps the most successful and certainly the most popular of the New Deal social welfare programs, Social Security has made a critical difference in the living standards of many older Americans, especially women. However, the program faces difficulty in the years ahead because of the shifting demographic of the American population. An aging population means that, by about the year 2012, more money will be drawn for benefits than is received from payroll taxes, and by 2032, the system's trust fund will be empty. In his State of the Union address, the President signalled a new commitment by his administration to shore up Social Security, primarily by diverting 62 percent of the current and projected future budget surpluses. While some analysts and politicians are wary of the details, particularly the President's idea to invest a portion of this money in the stock market, on the whole, he has received substantial bipartisan support.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

1999-01-01

241

Corporate social reporting revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intensity and scope of attention to the (negative) impacts of business activities on the social and natural environment have waxed and waned over the past forty years. A revival of interest on a wide scale is visible and audible again today. Numerous organizations, including the United Nations, the European Commission, national governments, and public interest groups, are calling for

Ariane Berthoin Antal; Meinolf Dierkes; Keith MacMillan; Lutz Marz

2002-01-01

242

Transport et justice sociale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current context of increasing social and spatial disparities raises the issue of universal accessibility to the city and its services, in particular for low incomes persons. The issue of inequality with regard to travel, which we have considered first of all at an aggregate level using the usual travel indicators (number of trips, distance covered, travel time budget), essentially

Dominique Mignot

2004-01-01

243

Social Network Infiltration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks are websites (or software that distributes media online) where users can distribute content to either a list of friends on that site or to anyone who surfs onto their page, and where those friends can interact and discuss the content. By linking to friends online, the users’ personal content (pictures, songs, favorite movies, diaries, websites, and so on) is dynamically distributed, and can "become viral", that is, get spread rapidly as more people see it and spread it themselves. Social networks are immensely popular around the planet, especially with younger users. The biggest social networks are Facebook and MySpace; an IYA2009 user already exists on Facebook, and one will be created for MySpace (in fact, several NASA satellites such as GLAST and Swift already have successful MySpace pages). Twitter is another network where data distribution is more limited; it is more like a mini-blog, but is very popular. IYA2009 already has a Twitter page, and will be updated more often with relevant information. In this talk I will review the existing social networks, show people how and why they are useful, and give them the tools they need to contribute meaningfully to IYA's online reach.

Plait, Philip

2008-05-01

244

Crime and social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews the work done on the physical and mental status, the development, the social, economic, and occupational history and the conditions of delinquents. The purpose of the surveys made was, to determine (1) the relation between living conditions and specific offenses, (2) the characteristics common to each group, (3) the specific needs and (4) the possible treatment line. The studies

Angie Kellogg

1919-01-01

245

Social Dynamics Introduction  

E-print Network

. Evolution and the Social Contract (2009) In The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 28 Salt Lake City Jason Alexander) (1999) The Journal of Philosophy. 96: 588-598. 3. Stability and Explanatory Games and Applications 2:129-145. 15. Signals, Evolution and the Explanatory Power of Transient

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

246

Student Services Go Social  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like fine wines, Web 2.0 technologies get better with age. Gone are the days of the pointless chat room; this is the era of social networking juggernauts such as Facebook, MySpace, and Friendster. Services offered by these firms are helpful in facilitating connections among users in every industry and of every age. In higher education, however, a…

Villano, Matt; Gullon, Monica

2009-01-01

247

Social Studies; Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in grades seven through nine will examine and analyze the political organization, social structure, economic life, and values of the American Colonial period in this quinmester arranged American Studies course. Since the thirteen English Colonies effected the United States development, many of our nations foundations in government,…

Hanson, Paul S.

248

Early Childhood Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting ongoing difficulties in identifying the fundamental role of social studies in educating young children, this chapter focuses on how children begin to develop historical and geographic understanding. The chapter considers age-appropriate and developmental concerns and the role of national standards in history and geography. The chapter…

Jantz, Richard K.; Seefeldt, Carol

249

Sport and Social Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sport is examined in relation to a number of basic aspects of social organization. Each of the seven sections includes a brief clarification of the key sociological concepts used for analysis, a consideration of various applications of those concepts to sport, and a review and discussion of what is known about specific aspects of sport in relation…

Nixon, Howard L., II

250

Social Policy Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the four 2002 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. The topics featured in each of the issues are: (1) "The Effects of Welfare Reform Policies on Children" (Pamela A. Morris); (2) "At What Age…

Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Ed.

251

Measures in social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the series Basic Concepts in Social Sciences a list of 79 concepts was given. The last part of that list consisted of 10 concepts concerning measures. Verbal definitions of these measures were considered as a preparation of mathematical definitions. In this paper these mathematical definitions will be discussed.

C. Hoede

2005-01-01

252

Social Identity and Cooperation  

E-print Network

This study seeks to examine the effects of cooperation on social identity in group work. I posit that members of groups which are cooperative and therefore successful will be more likely to identify with the group, than members of those groups which...

Manago, Bianca N

2012-07-11

253

Social Studies: Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

254

Social Balance Experiment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the entry page for participation in the Social Balance Experiment. In this experiment, participants are asked to imagine that they are in a situation in which they have one of five feelings (love, like, neutral, dislike or hate) toward another person named Bill.

255

Social Frameworks of Sustainability  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation was given as part of Portland Community College's 2010 Summer Sustainability Institute. The presentation looks at how educators can connect career technical programs to their social contexts. The participants were asked to gather into small groups and discuss their sustainable teaching philosophies and other related issues. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Smith, Kim

2012-04-30

256

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATION  

E-print Network

students : relations-internationales.stgi@univ-fcomte.fr Contact for further information : Damien Collard OF HUMAN RESOURCES POSTGRADUATE VOCATIONAL COURSE - option 1 : Managing conflicts - option 2 : StrategiesBELFORT SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATION POST GRADUSATE COURSE In MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES 2

Jeanjean, Louis

257

Reggio Social Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents the social capital as the essential element of success of the Reggio Emilia preschools known for their unique approach to the early childhood education. The collaborative effort is introduced through examples of the currently ongoing "Reggio Narrates" project of Reggio preschools, the "Dialogue with the Places" and "The…

Stejzygier, Aneta

2009-01-01

258

Whither Social Theory?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

2014-01-01

259

Thomas Hodgkin: Social activist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thomas Hodgkin's discovery of a lymphgl and disorder is merely one event in a life of unusually varied public activities in the social reform and humanitarian movements of the mid-19th century. He wrote pamphlets on medical care for the working-class poor, public health, housing, sanitation, and the relief of cold, hunger, and unemployment. Hodgkin wrote about the problems arising from

Louis Rosenfeld

2000-01-01

260

Social Studies Journal, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of the "Social Studies Journal" focuses on the worldwide conflict known in the United States as the French and Indian War (1754-1763). The volume is dedicated to examining the conflict in Pennsylvania. Western Pennsylvania became a battle-scarred landscape as the British and French, with their Native American allies, struggled for…

West, Leo R., Ed.

2003-01-01

261

Distributed social graph embedding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed recommender systems are becoming increasingly important for they address both scalability and the Big Brother syndrome. Link prediction is one of the core mechanism in recommender systems and relies on extracting some notion of proximity between entities in a graph. Applied to social networks, defining a proximity metric between users enable to predict potential relevant future relationships. In this

Anne-Marie Kermarrec; Vincent Leroy; Gilles Trédan

2011-01-01

262

Buddhist Social Principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gotama Buddha has been called the world’s first psychotherapist, but he was also socially active and spent much of his teaching career on the road engaging all elements of society in dialogue and reform rather than remaining isolated in meditation. Buddhist practice is not primarily a solitary quest, and only at times did the Buddha wander lonely as a rhinoceros.

David W. Chappell

263

School Social Work Worldwide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, with sequentially arranged chapters, allow practitioners, educators, and students to follow the expansion of school social work practice around the world. Leaders in the field from 12 countries provide eye-opening perspectives and interventions, selected for their range and application. Additionally, the book looks ahead to policy and…

Huxtable, Marion, Ed.; Blyth, Eric, Ed.

264

Cyberbullying via Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent years have witnessed a surge of research on cyberbullying. In this article, three studies examined prevalence rates of cyberbullying among college-age students, venues through which cyberbullying occurs, with a particular focus on social media, and perceptions of cyberbullying as a function of features of the target (e.g., peer, celebrity,…

Whittaker, Elizabeth; Kowalski, Robin M.

2015-01-01

265

Social problems in pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socioeconomic deprivation adversely affects health and access to healthcare. It is closely associated with problem drug use, which exacerbates the medical and social effects of poverty, and is associated with several medical problems including dental caries, vascular damage, thromboembolic disease and blood-borne virus infection. Problem drug use has increased markedly during the past 20 years, especially among women of childbearing

Mary Hepburn

2005-01-01

266

Social Trust, Social Partner Time and Television Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social trust is an important phenomenon, but the influence of important time-based measures upon trust has not been examined. Such measures include social contact and anti-social activity, such as television watching, which allows for the co-presence of other people. This paper reports on associations between trust and weighted means of co-present…

Patulny, Roger

2011-01-01

267

Why personality differences matter for social functioning and social structure.  

PubMed

We outline three main ways how personality differences can affect social functioning and social structure. By highlighting the broad and significant consequences that personality differences can have for social processes, our article might serve as a starting point for a research focus that aims at a systematic understanding of these consequences. PMID:24679987

Wolf, Max; Krause, Jens

2014-06-01

268

Promoting Social Network Awareness: A Social Network Monitoring System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase communication and collaboration opportunities, members of a community must be aware of the social networks that exist within that community. This paper describes a social network monitoring system--the KIWI system--that enables users to register their interactions and visualize their social networks. The system was implemented in a…

Cadima, Rita; Ferreira, Carlos; Monguet, Josep; Ojeda, Jordi; Fernandez, Joaquin

2010-01-01

269

the college of social work the college of social work  

E-print Network

of the College of Social Work. Social workers, whether helping shape federal policy on health disparities ­ and they also bring light into the pits of despair, when people suffer from trauma, chronic health conditions, mental illness, discrimination, addictions, homelessness, economic poverty and a host of other social

Almor, Amit

270

Can social interaction constitute social Hanne De Jaegher1  

E-print Network

cognition. We show that interactive processes are more than a context for social cognition: they can or implicit mentalizing [16,17]), not as part of the cognitive processes themselves. In this article, we argueCan social interaction constitute social cognition? Hanne De Jaegher1 , Ezequiel Di Paolo2

271

SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social

Beauchamp, Miriam H.; Anderson, Vicki

2010-01-01

272

Social Work Manpower and Social Indicators: Rural and Urban Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypotheses tested were: social work manpower levels will correlate with population by state; number of undergraduate programs will not correlate as highly with population by state as number of graduate schools; specific social indicators will positively correlate with manpower variables; specific social indicators will correlate with population…

Munson, Carlton

1978-01-01

273

Social sensing and its display  

E-print Network

This thesis proposes a public interface that functions as a social catalyst in public spaces. Like a smart mirror, it intends to reflect the social identity of the environment and increase sensibility towards the place and ...

Telhan, Orkan

2007-01-01

274

National Association of Social Workers  

MedlinePLUS

... Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming What's New Social Work Jobs Job Seekers | Employers | COUNSELOR Company: Confidential New ... Boynton Beach, FL Posted: Tue, Dec 30 2014 SOCIAL WORK CONSULTANT Company: Turnaround for Children, Inc. Na Posted: ...

275

Social information changes the brain  

PubMed Central

Social animals live in complex physical and social environments requiring them to attend and rapidly respond to social and environmental information by changing their behavior. A key social influence is rank or status, a ubiquitous element in animal societies. Rank typically regulates access to reproduction and other resources, among other consequences for individuals. Because reproduction is arguably the most important event in any animals’ life, understanding how reproduction is regulated by social status and related physiological factors can instruct our understanding of evolutionary change. This article reviews evidence from a model social system in which reproduction is tightly controlled by social status. Surprisingly, changes in social status have rapid and profound effects over very short time scales and radically alter overt behavior, as well as physiological, cellular, and molecular factors that regulate reproductive capacity. PMID:23045669

Fernald, Russell D.; Maruska, Karen P.

2012-01-01

276

Integrating Mathematics and Social Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article illustrates how to integrate mathematics with social issues. Social issues discussed in the newspaper provide a rich context for connecting mathematical activities to the real world. The sample activities focus on measurement concepts. (Contains 2 figures.)

Harrell, Gregory K.

2007-01-01

277

Social Security: Applying for Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... work incentives can be found on the Social Security web site at: www.ssa.gov In addition, there ... your benefits. These are detailed on the Social Security web site at: www.ssa.gov If you are ...

278

Performance Management for Social Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

All organisations face the challenge of how to assess performance beyond current financial metrics. These challenges are felt\\u000a especially strongly by social enterprises, organisations that use business methods to achieve social goals. Social enterprises\\u000a need to evidence superior social outcomes, are normally accountable to a complex range of stakeholders and yet are often rated\\u000a low to medium in terms of

Maureen Meadows; Matthew Pike

2010-01-01

279

Systematic Social Observation in Criminology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Systematic social observation (SSO) came to criminology at the hand of Albert J. Reiss, Jr., who, in the 1960s, encouraged\\u000a social scientists to shed some “nonsensical” views about the limits and benefits of different forms of observing social phenomena\\u000a (Reiss 1968, 1971b). Reiss objected to the notion that direct observation of social phenomena in their natural setting was\\u000a work for

Stephen D. Mastrofski; Roger B. Parks; John D. McCluskey

280

College of Social Work Scholarships  

E-print Network

College of Social Work Scholarships Complete Scholarship Name Application Deadline Date Contact://cosw.sc.edu/current-students/scholarships-and- fellowships Application Available at: College of Social Work PhD Program To receive scholarship, the student must be a current participant of the College of Social Work Doctoral Program. A participant is awarded

Almor, Amit

281

Science, Semantics, and Social Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social semiotics suggests that social and cultural formations, including the language and practice of science and the ways in which new generations and communities advance them, develop as an integral part of the evolution of social ecosystems. Some recent models of complex dynamic systems in physics, chemistry, and biology focus more on the…

Lemke, J. L.

282

Social Brokerage behind Knowledge Sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the implicit brokerage positions of social network behind knowledge sharing and demonstrated applicability to researches of community of practices. A concept of knowledge brokerage was proposed on the basis of the theory of social brokerage, and hypotheses were developed to verify the relational properties of brokerage opportunities. Social network analysis (SNA) was applied to conduct the egocentric

Fang-Ling Lin; Guey-Fa Chiou

2011-01-01

283

The Fragility of Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses two hot topics of the contemporary debate, social capital and economic growth. Our theoretical analysis sheds light on decisive but so far neglected issues: how does social capital accumulate over time? Which is the relationship between social capital, technical progress and economic growth in the long run? The analysis shows that the economy may be attracted by

Fabio Sabatini; Mauro Sodini

2009-01-01

284

SOCIAL MARKETING IN PUBLIC HEALTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract Social marketing, the use of marketing to design and implement pro- grams to promote socially beneficial behavior change, has grown in popularity and usage within the public health community. Despite this growth, many public health professionals have an incomplete,understanding,of the field. To advance,current knowl- edge, we provide a practical definition and discuss the conceptual underpinnings of social marketing.

Sonya Grier; Carol A. Bryant

2005-01-01

285

Advancing Gerontological Social Work Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapters in this volume reflect a variety of issues related to education for gerontological social work. Chapters in section 1, "Geriatrics and Gerontology in Social Work Education," are: (1) "Social Work's Pursuit of a Common Professional Framework: Have We Reached a Milestone?" (Roberta Greene and Colleen Galambos); (2) "Basic Gerontological…

Mellor, M. Joanna, Ed.; Ivry, Joann, Ed.

286

Social Justice Language Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social justice language teacher education conceptualizes language teacher education as responding to social and societal inequities that result in unequal access to educational and life opportunities. In this volume authors articulate a global view of Social Justice Language Teacher Education, with authors from 7 countries offering a theorized…

Hawkins, Margaret R.

2011-01-01

287

Development and Socialization in Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, we have seen important changes in the conceptuaHzation of early child devel­ opment and socialization in psychology, sociology, and anthropology. In general, these changes involve more of a focus on children's agency in the socialization process, more con­ cern for the importance of social context, and agreement that children's experiences beyond their early years in the family

WILLIAM A. CORSARO; Laura Fingerson

288

Economics in the Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that social studies education is again going through a period of reform and restructuring. Maintains that any discussion of economics in the curriculum must take place within these reform efforts. Discusses the relationship between the social sciences and social studies and the significance of this relationship to economics education. (CFR)

Dalgaard, Bruce R.

1994-01-01

289

Social Pedagogy in Modern Times  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article identifies several key concepts used to describe and categorize social pedagogy. The first section of the paper establishes a framework for considering the diversity that characterizes the field, including reflection on social pedagogy's theoretical, political and social dimensions. This is followed by a discussion based on a…

Rosendal Jensen, Niels

2013-01-01

290

Understanding Education for Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has become increasingly common for education scholars to claim a social justice orientation in their work. At the same time, education programs seem to be adding statements about the importance of social justice to their mission, and a growing number of teacher education programs are fundamentally oriented around a vision of social justice.…

Hytten, Kathy; Bettez, Silvia C.

2011-01-01

291

Computational Social Science Riccardo Pietri  

E-print Network

data to study human behaviour and social interactions. It relies on the mixture of social studies and nowa- days technologies such as smartphones and Online Social Networks. CSS's studies are aimed management in Big Data. In the CSS context, sensible- data's contributions are two-fold: researchers have

292

Explorations in Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work education leans toward the applied approach emphasizing the practical and experiential. At present, many schools still offer social work education in the traditional academic model emphasizing textual learning. This approach is not suitable to the knowledge, student or teacher orientation in social work, and its pedagogy. To develop…

Tie'er, Shi

2013-01-01

293

Critical Social Theory: A Portrait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term Critical Social Theory is employed in this article following the tradition of the Frankfurt School, and particularly the work of Herbert Marcuse and his interpretation of the political and social philosophy of Hegel and Marx. Discussing the contribution of G.W.F. Hegel to social theory Marcuse argued that: "Hegel's system brings to a…

Torres, Carlos A.

2012-01-01

294

Seven Rules for Social Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Seven Rules for Social Research" teaches social scientists how to get the most out of their technical skills and tools, providing a resource that fully describes the strategies and concepts no researcher or student of human behavior can do without. Glenn Firebaugh provides indispensable practical guidance for anyone doing research in the social

Firebaugh, Glenn

2008-01-01

295

Why Social Work Needs Mapping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relative to other fields, social work has been slow to adopt geographic information systems (GIS) as a tool for research and practice. This paper argues that GIS can benefit social work by: (1) continuing and strengthening the social survey tradition; (2) providing a framework for understanding human behavior; (3) identifying community needs and…

Hillier, Amy

2007-01-01

296

Emotion, Social Function, and Psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The studies of emotion function and emotional disorders complement one another. In this article, the authors outline relations between the social functions of emotion and four psychological disorders. The authors first present a social-functional account of emotion and argue that emotions help coordinate social interactions through their informative, evocative, and incentive functions. They then review evidence concerning the emotional and

Dacher Keltner; Ann M. Kring

1998-01-01

297

SOCIAL POLICY Predesigned Concentration Information  

E-print Network

credits or more)* PA 5261 Housing Policy 3 PA 5301 Population Methods and Issues 3 PA 5401 Poverty policy as a significant force in the ordering of social, economic, and political relations. Students pursuing this concentration focus on policy questions related to social problems, social inequalities

Levinson, David M.

298

Comparing Conceptualizations of Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work is ideally suited to use social capital to understand societal ills and to conduct a more holistic exploration of power, privilege, and oppression that affects marginalized individuals and groups. To that end, we review how prominent theorists discuss social capital and offer guidance for community practitioners based on these conceptualizations. In opposition to purely micro-level theories of human

Jemel P. Aguilar; Soma Sen

2009-01-01

299

Interpretation Bias and Social Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socially anxious (SA) individuals interpret ambiguous social events negatively. It is not clear, however, whether this bias is due to general distress (e.g., depression and general anxiety) or level of social anxiety. In the current study we conducted two experiments examining interpretation bias in SA individuals using videos. Each video involved an actor or actress who approached the camera and

Nader Amir; Courtney Beard; Emily Bower

2005-01-01

300

EFECTO DEL PATRÓN Y LA FRECUENCIA DE RIEGO SOBRE EL NIVEL FOLIAR DE PROLINA EN EL NARANJO 'VALENCIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se estudió el efecto de tres patrones y tres intervalos de riego sobre el nivel foliar de prolina en el naranjo (Citrus sinensis) cv. Valencia de cuatro años de edad. Los intervalos de riego fueron de 5, 10 y 15 días, y los patrones fueron mandarina Cleopatra (Citrus reshni), limón Volkameriana (Citrus volkameriana) y citrange Carrizo (Poncirus trifoliata x Citrus

Manuel Wagner; Gastón Laborem; Gerardo Medina; Luis Rangel

1998-01-01

301

Assessing social behavior phenotypes in adult zebrafish: shoaling, social preference and mirror biting tests  

E-print Network

1 Assessing social behavior phenotypes in adult zebrafish: shoaling, social preference their shoaling behaviors. Zebrafish also display strong social preference when placed in a tank with conspecific, social preference and mirror biting tests - for quantifying social behaviors in adult zebrafish

Kalueff, Allan V.

302

The Social Motivation Hypothesis for Prosocial Behavior  

E-print Network

). Finally, social motivations have been suggested to play a prominent role in human ontogeny in biasing social learning over individual learning. Cecilia Heyes has for example suggested that what explains abundant human social learning strategy is social...

Godman, Marion; Nagatsu, Michiru; Salmela, Mikko

2014-05-15

303

Perception of social distributions.  

PubMed

Accurate representation of the distribution of social attitudes and behaviors can guide effective social behavior and is often essential for correct inferences. We examined the accuracy of people's beliefs about the distributions of a large number of attitudinal and behavioral dimensions. In two studies we measured actual attitudes and behaviors in a student population, and we assessed beliefs by asking subjects to estimate the distribution of 100 students on these dimensions. We examined the accuracy of subjects' perceptions of the means, standard deviations, and distribution shapes. Subjects showed a number of systematic biases, including overestimation of dispersion and overestimation of the means of behavioral distributions and a false consensus bias, but their overall accuracy was impressive. PMID:3981397

Nisbett, R E; Kunda, Z

1985-02-01

304

Great Social Theorists  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's pretty hard to argue with Professor Frank W. Elwell's list of great social theorists, as he brings together Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim and other intellectual heavyweights on this site. The purpose of bringing together these luminaries and their writings is "to promote greater understanding of classical macro-social theory." A rather laudable cause indeed, and Professor Elwell has devoted sections to each of these authors, and several others, including Auguste Comte and W.E.B. Dubois. In each section, visitors can read selections from their major works and also click through to other relevant online resources. Finally, visitors can also learn about Professor Elwell's own scholarly endeavors, including his book "Macrosociology: Four Modern Theorists".

Elwell, Frank W.

305

Social Literacy: A Social Skills Seminar for Young Adults with ASDs, NLDs, and Social Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All adults need strong social skills to find and keep a job, establish relationships, and participate fully in adult life--but building these skills can be a special challenge for people with autism, Asperger syndrome, nonverbal learning disorder, social anxiety, and other disorders affecting social learning. Give them the essential support they…

Cohen, Mary Riggs

2011-01-01

306

Does Online Social Media Lead to Social Connection or Social Disconnection?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today’s young generation (often called "Millennials," "GenY," or "Generation Me") are the first to grow up with the Internet and social networking websites. Have these experiences led to more and better social connections, or fewer and atrophied ones? Social media use may lead to online political action such as signing an e-mail petition but does…

Twenge, Jean M.

2013-01-01

307

Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale  

PubMed Central

The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one person’s attitudes and behaviors affect another’s) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the “who” and the “how” of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

Contractor, Noshir S.; DeChurch, Leslie A.

2014-01-01

308

Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale.  

PubMed

The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one person's attitudes and behaviors affect another's) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the "who" and the "how" of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

Contractor, Noshir S; DeChurch, Leslie A

2014-09-16

309

Affinity driven social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we present a model for evolving networks, where the driven force is related to the social affinity between individuals of a population. In the model, a set of individuals initially arranged on a regular ordered network and thus linked with their closest neighbors are allowed to rearrange their connections according to a dynamics closely related to that of the stable marriage problem. We show that the behavior of some topological properties of the resulting networks follows a non trivial pattern.

Ruyú, B.; Kuperman, M. N.

2007-04-01

310

Grandpa's Social Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simple example shows how algebra can be useful in the real world by exploring the question: Should Grandpa start receiving his Social Security benefits at age 62 or should he wait until age 65? This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

311

Social Tagging Recommender Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The new generation of Web applications known as (STS) is successfully established and poised for continued growth. STS are\\u000a open and inherently social; features that have been proven to encourage participation. But while STS bring new opportunities,\\u000a they revive old problems, such as information overload. Recommender Systems are well known applications for increasing the\\u000a level of relevant content over the

Leandro Balby Marinho; Alexandros Nanopoulos; Lars Schmidt-Thieme; Robert Jäschke; Andreas Hotho; Gerd Stumme; Panagiotis Symeonidis

2011-01-01

312

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâ??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâ??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâ??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

313

Sociality influences cultural complexity  

PubMed Central

Archaeological and ethnohistorical evidence suggests a link between a population's size and structure, and the diversity or sophistication of its toolkits or technologies. Addressing these patterns, several evolutionary models predict that both the size and social interconnectedness of populations can contribute to the complexity of its cultural repertoire. Some models also predict that a sudden loss of sociality or of population will result in subsequent losses of useful skills/technologies. Here, we test these predictions with two experiments that permit learners to access either one or five models (teachers). Experiment 1 demonstrates that naive participants who could observe five models, integrate this information and generate increasingly effective skills (using an image editing tool) over 10 laboratory generations, whereas those with access to only one model show no improvement. Experiment 2, which began with a generation of trained experts, shows how learners with access to only one model lose skills (in knot-tying) more rapidly than those with access to five models. In the final generation of both experiments, all participants with access to five models demonstrate superior skills to those with access to only one model. These results support theoretical predictions linking sociality to cumulative cultural evolution. PMID:24225461

Muthukrishna, Michael; Shulman, Ben W.; Vasilescu, Vlad; Henrich, Joseph

2014-01-01

314

Oxytocin and Social Motivation  

PubMed Central

Humans are fundamentally social creatures who are ‘motivated’ to be with others. In this review we examine the role of oxytocin (OT) as it relates to social motivation. OT is synthesized in the brain and throughout the body, including in the heart, thymus, gastrointestinal tract, as well as reproductive organs. The distribution of the OT receptor (OTR) system in both the brain and periphery is even more far-reaching and its expression is subject to changes over the course of development. OTR expression is also sensitive to changes in the external environment and the internal somatic world. The OT system functions as an important element within a complex, developmentally sensitive biobehavioral system. Other elements include sensory inputs, the salience, reward, and threat detection pathways, the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress response axis. Despite an ever expanding scientific literature, key unresolved questions remain concerning the interplay of the central and peripheral components of this complex biobehavioral system that dynamically engages the brain and the body as humans interact with social partners over the course of development. PMID:21984889

Gordon, Ilanit; Martin, Carina; Feldman, Ruth; Leckman, James F.

2011-01-01

315

Socially synchronized circadian oscillators  

PubMed Central

Daily rhythms of physiology and behaviour are governed by an endogenous timekeeping mechanism (a circadian ‘clock’). The alternation of environmental light and darkness synchronizes (entrains) these rhythms to the natural day–night cycle, and underlying mechanisms have been investigated using singly housed animals in the laboratory. But, most species ordinarily would not live out their lives in such seclusion; in their natural habitats, they interact with other individuals, and some live in colonies with highly developed social structures requiring temporal synchronization. Social cues may thus be critical to the adaptive function of the circadian system, but elucidating their role and the responsible mechanisms has proven elusive. Here, we highlight three model systems that are now being applied to understanding the biology of socially synchronized circadian oscillators: the fruitfly, with its powerful array of molecular genetic tools; the honeybee, with its complex natural society and clear division of labour; and, at a different level of biological organization, the rodent suprachiasmatic nucleus, site of the brain's circadian clock, with its network of mutually coupled single-cell oscillators. Analyses at the ‘group’ level of circadian organization will likely generate a more complex, but ultimately more comprehensive, view of clocks and rhythms and their contribution to fitness in nature. PMID:23825203

Bloch, Guy; Herzog, Erik D.; Levine, Joel D.; Schwartz, William J.

2013-01-01

316

Supplementary application information of Social Work  

E-print Network

Supplementary application information Bachelor of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Your service/social change experience Human service/social change is defined as providing social work related to application form for guidelines. Education equity Both Carleton University and the School of Social Work have

Dawson, Jeff W.

317

Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook September 2012 Helen Bader School of Social://www.uwm.edu/Dept/SSW #12;Department of Social Work Mission To promote and effect positive change through social work of social justice. To create and disseminate knowledge leading to social work and inter

Saldin, Dilano

318

Behavioral Research What is social and  

E-print Network

Social and Behavioral Research What is social and behavioral research? Social and behavioral in others Who takes part in social and behavioral research? · Adults and children · Families · Communities of taking part in social and behavioral research? One common risk of taking part in social and behavioral

Church, George M.

319

Sociological Agents for Effective Social Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the problem of how effec- tive social interaction arises from individual social action and mind. The need to study theindividual social mind, suggests a move towards the notion ofsociological agents who can model their social environment as opposed to act- ing socially within it. This does not constrain such social behaviour; on the contrary, we

Mark D'inverno; Michael Luck

2000-01-01

320

Languages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences  

E-print Network

for the study of sociology, social policy, international development and social work. Many of our staffLanguages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Sociology BSc (Hons) Social Policy BSc (Hons) Sociology and Social Policy BSc (Hons) Social Sciences #12;www

Burton, Geoffrey R.

321

Different Aspects of Social Network Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social network is a set of people (or organizations or other social entities) connected by a set of social relation- ships, such as friendship, co-working or information exchange. Social network analysis focuses on the analysis of patterns of relationships among people, organizations, states and such social entities. Social network analysis provides both a visual and a mathematical analysis of

Mohsen Jamali; Hassan Abolhassani

2006-01-01

322

The Social Ecology of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual framework based on social ecology, social learning, and social control theories guided identification of social contexts, contextual attributes, and joint effects that contribute to development of adolescent alcohol misuse. Modeling of alcohol use, suggested by social learning theory, and indicators of the social bond, suggested by…

Ennett, Susan T.; Foshee, Vangie A.; Bauman, Karl E.; Hussong, Andrea; Cai, Li; Reyes, Heathe Luz McNaughton; Faris, Robert; Hipp, John; DuRant, Robert

2008-01-01

323

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds.  

PubMed

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of 'social complexity' across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments 'trained' individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

White, David J; Gersick, Andrew S; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-07-01

324

Social mindfulness: skill and will to navigate the social world.  

PubMed

Although one may not always see it, social life often involves choices that make people act in ways that are mindful of others or not. We adopt an interdependence theoretical approach to the novel concept of social mindfulness, which we conceptualize in terms of other-regarding choices involving both skill (to see it, e.g., theory of mind, perspective taking) and will (to do it, e.g., empathic concern, prosocial orientation) to act mindfully toward another person's control over outcomes. We operationalized social mindfulness in a new social decision-making paradigm that focuses on leaving or limiting choice options for others that we tested across 7 studies. Studies 1a through 1c showed that people with other-oriented mindsets left interdependent others more choice than people with self-oriented and/or unspecified mindsets. Studies 2a and 2b revealed that people developed more favorable judgments of a socially mindful than of a socially unmindful person. Study 3 revealed that unknown others with trustworthy (vs. untrustworthy) faces were met with more social mindfulness. Study 4 revealed that social mindfulness could be traced in personality by being positively related to Honesty-Humility and Agreeableness (HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised) as well as to Empathy (Interpersonal Reactivity Index) and a prosocial value orientation (SVO). Together, these studies contribute to explaining how social mindfulness can help people to navigate the social world by aiming to maximize other people's control over their situational outcomes. PMID:23647176

Van Doesum, Niels J; Van Lange, Dion A W; Van Lange, Paul A M

2013-07-01

325

Autopoiesis and socialization: on Luhmann's reconceptualization of communication and socialization.  

PubMed

In 1984, Niklas Luhmann published Soziale Systeme in which he applies the idea of autopoiesis (= self-production) to social systems. Abstracted from its biological connotations, the concept of autopoiesis leads to a sharp distinction between different kinds of autopoietic organization, i.e. between life, consciousness and communication. According to Luhmann, the relationship between social systems and human beings cannot be adequately analysed except by taking into account that they are environments for one another. If this theoretical background is accepted, the concepts and theory of socialization need to be revised. Luhmann takes issues with classical notions such as internalization, inculcation, or 'socialization to the grounds of consensus' (Talcott Parsons). After a historical overview of social systems research and general systems theory, it is indicated how communications trigger further communications and realize the autopoiesis of social systems. In the second part of the article, the distinction between social systems and psychic systems is used to discuss issues crucial to socialization theory. Both a revision of the concept of socialization, and lines for an empirical research programme are proposed in accordance with Luhmann's theory of social systems. PMID:11038137

Vanderstraeten, R

2000-09-01

326

The Social Work Reinvestment Initiative: advocacy and social work practice.  

PubMed

In 2006, NASW launched the Social Work Reinvestment Initiative by granting each state chapter $15,000 in seed money to address the most pressing social work needs in the state. This article describes how NASW-SD, with 246 members, launched an epic campaign that resulted in the establishment of the only MSW program in South Dakota. Using historical research methods, this article demonstrates the power of social work advocacy when members unify in pursuit of a common goal and describes how the social workers rallied to educate policymakers and the public on the value of social work and its delivery of necessary social services at all levels and in all fields of practice. The research highlights an uphill battle of advocacy and the skillful planning and implementation of a campaign to secure state funding to establish the first MSW program in the state, at the beginning of the most difficult economic recession since the Great Depression. PMID:25076644

Talbot, Elizabeth Peffer; McMillin, Joan A

2014-07-01

327

Social behavior as discriminative stimulus and consequence in social anthropology  

PubMed Central

A behavior analysis is provided for three topics in social anthropology. Food, social relations, and ritual behaviors can enter into contingencies both as functional consequences and as discriminative stimuli for the reinforcement of behaviors through generalized social consequences. Many “symbolic” behaviors, which some social anthropologists believe go beyond an individual material basis, are analyzed as the latter. It is shown how the development of self-regulation to bridge remote consequences can undermine a group's generalized social control. It is also shown that rituals and taboos can be utilized to maintain generalized social compliance, which in turn can maintain both the community's verbal behavior and other group behaviors that bridge indirect and remote consequences. PMID:22478112

Guerin, Bernard

1992-01-01

328

Treatments to Increase Social Awareness and Social Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a There is an extensive literature on methods for increasing the social awareness and social skills of people with autism spectrum\\u000a disorders (ASDs) of every diagnostic category and every age. This work varies in research quality from the mediocre to the\\u000a exemplary, although the exemplary are outnumbered by the less rigorous. One reason for the focus on treating social behaviors\\u000a is

Suzannah J. Ferraioli; Sandra L. Harris

329

Communicating science in social settings  

PubMed Central

This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists—driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication—to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future. PMID:23940341

Scheufele, Dietram A.

2013-01-01

330

Communicating science in social settings.  

PubMed

This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists--driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication--to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future. PMID:23940341

Scheufele, Dietram A

2013-08-20

331

Perceived Social Isolation and Cognition  

PubMed Central

Social species, from Drosophila melanogaster to Homo sapiens, fare poorly when isolated. Homo sapiens, an irrepressibly meaning-making species, are, in normal circumstances, dramatically affected by perceived social isolation. Research indicates that perceived social isolation (i.e., loneliness) is a risk factor for, and may contribute to, poorer overall cognitive performance, faster cognitive decline, poorer executive functioning, more negativity and depressive cognition, heightened sensitivity to social threats, a confirmatory bias in social cognition that is self-protective and paradoxically self-defeating, heightened anthropomorphism, and contagion that threatens social cohesion. These differences in attention and cognition impact emotions, decisions, behaviors, and interpersonal interactions that may contribute to the association between loneliness and cognitive decline and between loneliness and morbidity more generally. PMID:19726219

Cacioppo, John T.; Hawkley, Louise C.

2009-01-01

332

The Social Value Requirement Reconsidered.  

PubMed

It is widely assumed that it is ethical to conduct research with human subjects only if the research has social value. There are two standard arguments for this view. The allocation argument claims that public funds should not be devoted to research that lacks social value. The exploitation avoidance argument claims that subjects are exploited if research has no social value. The primary purpose of this article is to argue that these arguments do not succeed. The allocation argument has little relevance to commercial research. Social value is not necessary to avoid exploitation if subjects benefit from participation. Although the standard arguments for a social value requirement do not succeed, that view might be justified in a different way. It might be justified by appeal to the importance of social trust or the integrity of physician investigators. It is possible but doubtful that these arguments succeed. PMID:25470450

Wertheimer, Alan

2014-12-01

333

Social ties and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted\\u000a review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined\\u000a as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First,\\u000a the pathways by which social networks

Ichiro Kawachi; Lisa F. Berkman

2001-01-01

334

Egypt: Social Responsibility Disclosure Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers updated evidence on social disclosure trends in Egypt. It examines whether Egyptian companies care about\\u000a the community as an important stakeholder in their Internet social reporting. In doing so, the paper employs content analysis\\u000a to measure and explore the social responsibility self-disclosure practices of major Egyptian companies in their online annual\\u000a reports and\\/or Websites. The analysis shows

Aly Salama

335

SNIF: social networking in fur  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present SNIF: Social Networking in Fur, a system that allows pet owners to interact through their pets' social networks. SNIF comprises inexpensive hardware that can be unobtrusively and transparently affixed to pet collars and paraphernalia in order to augment pet-to-pet, pet-to-owner, and owner-to-owner interactions. SNIF devices aggregate pertinent environmental, social, and individual information that can be broadcast or addressed

Jonathan Gips; Noah Fields; Philip Liang; Arnaud Pilpré

2005-01-01

336

Tax evasion and social interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper extends the standard tax evasion model by allowing for social interactions. In Manski's [Manski, C.F. (1993). Identification of Endogenous Social Effects: The Reflection Problem. Review of Economic Studies 60(3), 531–542.] nomenclature, our model takes into account endogenous interactions, i.e., social conformity effects, exogenous interactions, i.e., fairness effects, and correlated effects. Our model is tested using experimental data. Participants

Bernard Fortin; Guy Lacroix; Marie-Claire Villeval

2007-01-01

337

Social Identity and Intergroup Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores why people identify with social groups and what this identification signifies for their sense of self,\\u000a status in society and intergroup conflict. We describe various theories of social identity to elucidate ways in which individuals\\u000a can negotiate their different social identities, and what this means for intergroup relations. We consider the implications\\u000a for both majority and minority

Ananthi Al Ramiah; Miles Hewstone; Katharina Schmid

2011-01-01

338

The Social Psychology of Compassion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article places social work clinicians’ compassion fatigue, burnout, and other negative consequences in a broader context\\u000a of positive social work. We argue for a paradigm shift towards identifying the factors that lead clinical social workers toward\\u000a human flourishing in their field. We introduce a model for creating “compassion satisfaction” or feelings of fulfillment with\\u000a clients, rooted in positive psychology

Melissa Radey; Charles R. Figley

2007-01-01

339

Social Progress Web Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Museum of Civilization (CMC) (originally reviewed in the April 21, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences) has recently unveiled a new section that will chronicle social progress in Canada. The first two exhibits, available in both English and French, document the history of the Canadian labor movement and the evolution of Canada's electoral system. The former traces the development of organized labor in Canada from the craft movement through the creation of craft unions to postwar organizing and the challenges of organized labor in the 1980s and 1990s. Each of the six sections offers a selection of short histories and Voices, a collection of photos, texts, and audio pieces (.wav) that showcase the views of people on both sides of the struggle. The content of the second feature, on the History of the Vote, is rather disappointing, more of an advertisement for a related book than a true online exhibit. The feature contains nine "mini-sections" which briefly chart electoral history through the experiences of representative individuals or groups. A timeline and bibliography round out the section.

340

International Social Survey Programme: ISSP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is an ongoing project that promotes the cross-national collaboration of social science research. Each year, the 29 member countries of the ISSP contribute data from national social science research projects to an international survey. The topic for the international survey changes every year; past topics have included social inequality, role of government, religion, and national identity. This Website provides general information about the program, a list of international surveys from 1985 to 1999, an archive of data sets used by the ISSP, profiles of participating countries, and a bibliography of publications.

341

Bringing back the social history.  

PubMed

The social environment of a child is a key determinant of the child's current and future health. Factors in a child's family environment, both protective and harmful, have a profound impact on a child's long-term health, brain development, and mortality. The social history may be the best all-around tool available for promoting a child's future health and well-being. It is a key first step in identifying social needs of a child and family so that they may benefit from intervention. This article focuses on key social history elements known to increase a child's risk of maltreatment and provides case examples. PMID:25242704

Pierce, Mary Clyde; Kaczor, Kim; Thompson, Richard

2014-10-01

342

Investigating Community and Social Capital  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Investigating Community and Social Capital introduces students to quantitative social science research with a case study on social capital. Some of the concepts illustrated include replication, unit of analysis, level of measurement, analysis over time versus cross-sectional analysis, crosstabulation, creating an index, and correlation. I hope that instructors find this to be an uncomplicated and useful enhancement to courses in disciplines such as political science, public administration and policy, and sociology. My larger goal is to introduce students to the merits and rewards of quantitative social science research and to demonstrate the power of this approach.

ICPSR

343

The self in social comparison.  

E-print Network

??Psychologe Saskia Schwinghammer onderzocht het begrip ‘sociale vergelijking’, het proces waarin we onze eigenschappen, meningen en prestaties met die van anderen vergelijken. Eerder onderzoek keek… (more)

Schwinghammer, Saskia Antoinette

2006-01-01

344

Social Security Death Index (SSDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Security Death Index (SSDI), provided by Infobases, Inc., is a searchable database of the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). DMF "contains over 50 million records created from SSA payment records." The database can contain name, social security number, date of birth, date of death, and last residence/lump sum payment information when available, and can be searched on those criteria. Search help is available from the home page. Note that this is not an index of everyone who has died in the United States, but rather an index of people who had Social Security Benefits when they died.

1998-01-01

345

Social Capital, Social Control, and Changes in Victimization Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A neighborhood-level model of crime that connects the central dimensions of social capital with specific forms of social control is developed. The proposed model is tested using a structural equation model that predicts changes in empirical Bayes log odds of neighborhood victimization rates between 2000 and 2001 in 41 neighborhoods in South…

Hawdon, James; Ryan, John

2009-01-01

346

Self-focused attention in social phobia and social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-focused attention is an awareness of self-referent information and is present in many emotional disorders. This review concentrates on the role of self-focused attention in social anxiety with particular reference to the Clark and Wells [Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. R. G. Heimberg, M. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & S.

Jane M. Spurr; Lusia Stopa

2002-01-01

347

THE HISTORY OF SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL WELFARE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work as a profession grew chiefly out of the development of social welfare policies and programs in the United States, Europe, and Muslim countries. Judeo-Christian and Muslim practices and beliefs underlie many of the early attempts to provide help to the poor, the sick, widows, orphans, the \\

Leslie Leighninger

2007-01-01

348

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY Possible Careers Market Researcher.sociologyandsocialanthropology.dal.ca Professional Associations The Canadian Anthropology Society - www.cas-sca.ca The Society for Applied Anthropology - www.sfaa.net American Anthropological Association - www.aaanet.org The Canadian Sociology

Brownstone, Rob

349

Davis Social Links: Leveraging Social Networks for Future Internet Communication  

E-print Network

to revoke access to itself (or its identity) if it is being abused. An email address, which al- lows anyDavis Social Links: Leveraging Social Networks for Future Internet Communication Lerone Banks communication ar- chitecture for future Internet designs. We begin with a con- ceptual discussion of how future

California at Davis, University of

350

Campus Limpertsberg 19 November 2013 Social Enterprise and Social Innovation  

E-print Network

metrics: absolute impact metrics (used at the level of enterprises to measure business performance industry in the bestselling Euromoney book, "Exposed to the J-curve - Understanding and Managing PrivateCampus Limpertsberg ­ 19 November 2013 Social Enterprise and Social Innovation Public lecture 19

van der Torre, Leon

351

Primate Social Cognition: Uniquely Primate, Uniquely Social, or Just Unique?  

E-print Network

Neuron Review Primate Social Cognition: Uniquely Primate, Uniquely Social, or Just Unique? Richard Primate Research Group, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, Scotland, UK *Correspondence: rwb@st-andrews.ac.uk DOI 10.1016/j.neuron.2010.03.010 Primates undoubtedly have impressive abilities in perceiving

352

Social Privilege, Social Justice, and Group Counseling: An Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The construct of social privilege is ubiquitous within the multicultural and social justice literature. However, the group work literature has yet to integrate the construct into group theory, processes, and training. In this article, we review the group literature on multicultural and diversity issues. Also, we examine the multicultural and…

Smith, Lance C.; Shin, Richard Q.

2008-01-01

353

Socialization and Sport: A Paradigm of Institutional Socialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study applies a model of institutional socialization to the institution of college sport. Five variables were generated with reference to college sport as an agent of socialization and to the occupations of medicine, law, and business. The degree to which these five variables exist in the U.S. was investigated by means of a questionnaire…

Stevenson, Christopher L.

354

Designing social presence of social actors in human computer interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the interaction effect between user factors and media factors on feelings of social presence which are critical in the design of virtual reality systems and human computer interfaces. Both Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 show that matching synthesized voice personality to user personality positively affects users' (especially extrovert users') feelings of social presence. Experiment 2 also reveals

Kwan Min Lee; Clifford Nass

2003-01-01

355

Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives Addressing Social Exclusion in Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

The private sector is often seen as a driver of exclusionary processes rather than a partner in improving the health and welfare of socially-excluded populations. However, private-sector initiatives and partnerships—collectively labelled corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives—may be able to positively impact social status, earning potential, and access to services and resources for socially-excluded populations. This paper presents case studies of CSR projects in Bangladesh that are designed to reduce social exclusion among marginalized populations and explores whether CSR initiatives can increase economic and social capabilities to reduce exclusion. The examples provide snapshots of projects that (a) increase job-skills and employment opportunities for women, disabled women, and rehabilitated drug-users and (b) provide healthcare services to female workers and their communities. The CSR case studies cover a limited number of people but characteristics and practices replicable and scaleable across different industries, countries, and populations are identified. Common success factors from the case studies form the basis for recommendations to design and implement more CSR initiatives targeting socially-excluded groups. The analysis found that CSR has potential for positive and lasting impact on developing countries, especifically on socially-excluded populations. However, there is a need for additional monitoring and critical evaluation. PMID:19761088

2009-01-01

356

Attitudes in social context: A social identity perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on attitudes and attitude phenomena occupies a central place in social psychology, but tends to focus mainly on cognitive, intra-individual, and interpersonal dimensions. The normative, group membership, and identity dimensions of attitudes tend to attract less attention. This article approaches attitudes from the perspective of research on group processes, intergroup relations, and social identity, and conceptualises attitudes and attitude

Michael A. Hogg; Joanne R. Smith

2007-01-01

357

Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive-Social Simulation  

E-print Network

Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive-Social Simulation Ron Sun Department of Cognitive Science Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, NY 12180, USA rsun@rpi.edu Isaac Naveh Department Sun (see the address above) 1 #12;Abstract Although computational models of cognitive agents

Varela, Carlos

358

A Social Reinforcement Experiment in an Open Social System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The object of the present study was to develop and test the effectiveness of a behavior modification approach to behavior training, in the context of a social living situation in a Job Corps Center for men. The model for this approach is derived from recent research in social reinforcement learning, as applied to behavior training in laboratories…

Buehler, Roy E.; And Others

359

Therapeutic Theory and Social Context: A Social Constructionist Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the foundation of therapeutic theory from the perspective of social constructionism. Proposes a theoretical description of the interaction between an individual and the social context in the formation of therapeutic theory. Then explores this description in relation to the early life and subsequent therapeutic theory of Carl Rogers. (RJM)

Lynch, Gordon

1997-01-01

360

Some social implications of psychoanalytic theory: a social work perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we approached the bifurcation of the micro-macro theory problem in social work by exploring the social implications of psychodynamic theory. The implications of the various streams of psychodynamic theory lead to some very different questions, concerns and possible solutions. Throughout we attend to the following themes: the centrality of understanding human subjectivity (conscious and unconscious), identity and

Brian Rasmussen; Daniel Salhani

2010-01-01

361

Social worker trauma: Building resilience in child protection social workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child protection social workers can experience psychological trauma effects as a result of their work. This article considers the utility of the trauma perspective in understanding and intervening when overwhelming events impact social workers. Psychological trauma theory enhances earlier contributions of the stress and burnout literatures in the effort to increase the efficacy and well?being of child protection staff. Resilience

Mark Horwitz

1998-01-01

362

The social economy of trust: social entrepreneurship experiences in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the notion, and dynamics, of trust between social enterprises and the public sector in two different cultural contexts. The strategy was to ask very simple and broad questions of a number of people in the social enterprise\\/public sector nexus, and allow them to talk. This talk was recorded and analysed

Timothy Curtis; Jan Herbst; Marta Gumkovska

2010-01-01

363

Consumer-oriented social data fusion: controlled learning in social environments, social advertising, and more  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper explores the current practices in social data fusion and analysis as it applies to consumer-oriented applications in a slew of areas including business, economics, politics, sciences, medicine, education and more. A categorization of these systems is proposed and contributions to each area are explored preceded by a discussion of some special issues related to social data and networks. From this work, future paths of consumer-based social data analysis research and current outstanding problems are discovered.

Grewe, L.

2013-05-01

364

Estudios en la Zona no Saturada del Suelo. Vol X ALGORITMO MECANSTICO SIMPLIFICADO PARA LA CUANTIFICACIN DEL EFECTO DE UN  

E-print Network

encharcamiento del suelo y balance de agua durante un hietograma de lluvia natural. El modelo se contrasta se estudia la extensión de la ecuación de Green-Ampt para la infiltración de agua en presencia de un nivel freático somero estable bajo condiciones de lluvia natural, y su efecto sobre la redistribución de

Boyer, Edmond

365

Social support and adjustment: predictive benefits of social climate indices.  

PubMed

This study estimates the relationship between social support and physical and psychological adjustment, using measures that afford a qualitative assessment of social support. Qualitative indices of social support in family (Family Relationships Index) and work (Work Relationships Index) environments were derived from available social climate measures. Respondents were a randomly selected community sample of 267 male and 267 female adult family members. Results support hypotheses that qualitative measures of support in family and work environments predict psychosomatic complaints and depression after variance due to negative life change and quantitative measures of social support is accounted for. While the work environment is a more important source of support for men than women, the family environment provides an especially potent source of support for unemployed women. PMID:7137128

Holahan, C J; Moos, R H

1982-08-01

366

Latin American Social Medicine and Global Social Medicine  

PubMed Central

A fundamental change in the theory underlying public health and medicine is needed. Latin American social medicine (LASM), originating in a region of the world that has been subjected to colonial and postcolonial influence, will be part of this change. To the extent that the social production of disease among people in other regions is a consequence of various large-scale forms of domination, LASM offers a relevant analysis, models of resistance, and exemplars of social medicine in practice. I draw upon LASM to examine the social production of disease in the Marshall Islands and Iraq. I suggest a basis for a global social medicine in the shared experience of suffering and describe implications for public health theory and practice. PMID:14652319

Yamada, Seiji

2003-01-01

367

Social learning in a non-social reptile (Geochelone carbonaria).  

PubMed

The ability to learn from the actions of another is adaptive, as it is a shortcut for acquiring new information. However, the evolutionary origins of this trait are still unclear. There is evidence that group-living mammals, birds, fishes and insects can learn through observation, but this has never been investigated in reptiles. Here, we show that the non-social red-footed tortoise (Geochelone carbonaria) can learn from the actions of a conspecific in a detour task; non-observer animals (without a conspecific demonstrator) failed. This result provides the first evidence that a non-social species can use social cues to solve a task that it cannot solve through individual learning, challenging the idea that social learning is an adaptation for social living. PMID:20356886

Wilkinson, Anna; Kuenstner, Karin; Mueller, Julia; Huber, Ludwig

2010-10-23

368

Alienation and the Ontology of Social Structure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theoretical models of social structure are analyzed in light of modern work patterns, social affiliations, and social attitudes. It is hypothesized that previous paradigms for society were based on classic theory which analyzed the then emergent forms of social structure and relationships. Because social structures and relationships have changed,…

Segalman, Ralph

369

UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Social Work 544 Foundation Field Practice ­ Spring of Social Work Ethical Academic and Professional Conduct Code that is in the College of Social Work MSSW Handbook. (www.csw.utk.edu) Students are also expected to sign and adhere to the Social Work Field

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

370

2014-2015Series Social Work  

E-print Network

2014-2015Series College of Social Work University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern....................................................... 3 SocialWork Social work is one of the major social professions concerned with human well, so that people are better served. The Bachelor of Arts degree program in Social Work is accredited

MacAdam, Keith

371

Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work  

E-print Network

Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work Checklist of Orientation Content for Social Work/8/08 #12;Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work Acknowledgement of Risk in the Social Work Field Placement This document is designed to inform you of the potential risks associated with the social work

Fernandez, Eduardo

372

UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Social Work 544 Foundation Field Practice ­ Spring the College of Social Work Ethical Academic and Professional Conduct Code that is in the College of Social Work MSSW Handbook. (www.csw.utk.edu) Students are also expected to sign and adhere to the Social Work

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

373

Jane Addams College of Social Work  

E-print Network

Jane Addams College of Social Work SOCIAL WORK Mailing Address: Jane Addams College of Social Work://www.uic.edu/jaddams/college/ Dean of the Jane Addams College of Social Work: Creasie Finney Hairston Director of Graduate Studies: Christopher G. Mitchell The Jane Addams College of Social Work offers work leading to the Doctor of Philosophy

Illinois at Chicago, University of

374

Social Informatics Last updated: April 2014  

E-print Network

Social Informatics Last updated: April 2014 Rob Kling Center for Social Informatics Departmental URL: rkcsi.indiana.edu/ Curriculum Ph.D. Minor in Social Informatics Social Informatics (SI) refers) that takes into account their interaction with institutional and cultural contexts. Social Informatics

Menczer, Filippo

375

Behavioral Research What is social and  

E-print Network

Social and Behavioral Research What is social and behavioral research? Social and behavioral in others Who takes part in social and behavioral research? · Adults and children · Families · Communities contained herein for advice specific to your situation. version # (v1.0) BU_Trifold_SocialBehavioral

Church, George M.

376

Social skills deficits associated with depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the empirical evidence of impaired social skills associated with depression. Conceptualizations of social skills are examined followed by evidence from self-report, observer-rating, and behavioral assessments of depressed people's social skills. Evidence of social skills deficits in children with depression and in people with bipolar disorder is also examined. The effectiveness of social skills training as a treatment

Chris Segrin

2000-01-01

377

Understanding socially intelligent agents - a multilayered phenomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ultimate purpose with socially intelligent agent (SIA) technology is not to simulate social intelligence per se, but to let an agent give an impression of social intelligence. Such user-centred SIA technology, must consider the everyday knowledge and expectations by which users make sense of real, fictive, or artificial social beings. This folk-theoretical understanding of other social beings involves several,

Per Persson; Jarmo Laaksolahti; Peter Lönnqvist

2001-01-01

378

An Invitation to Postmodern Social Cartography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay demonstrates how social cartography--the writing and reading of maps addressing questions of location in the social milieu--may enhance social research and move it forward in its struggles to distance itself from the positivistic restraints of modernism. Social cartography suggests an opening of dialogue among diverse social players,…

Paulston, Rolland G.; Liebman, Martin

379

An Invitation to Postmodern Social Cartography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structures of multiple education and knowledge systems can be recreated in maps, in a social cartography where the space of the social map reflects effects of social changes in real space. Such maps allow social research to escape from modernism's positivist restraints, improve comparative educators' understanding of the social milieu, and open…

Paulston, Rolland G.; Liebman, Martin

1994-01-01

380

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK MISSION STATEMENT "The social work program of education, research and community service is designed to prepare students for critical generalist social work practice with diverse peoples. Informed by the principles of social justice

Argerami, Martin

381

Social Security Numbers Fermilab's International Services Office  

E-print Network

, such as banks, or to buy a car or house, or to get U.S. credit cards. To access certain state benefits are sure you have ever APPLIED or RECEIVED a Social Security Card or Social Security Number before SocialSocial Security Numbers Fermilab's International Services Office August 2011 #12;What is a Social

Quigg, Chris

382

Social Worker Hope and Perceived Burnout  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national sample of 1,200 social workers, categorized by the National Association of Social Workers as being in clinical practice, participated in a study to find out whether social work clinicians decline in hope or have increasing burnout over the course of their careers. In the final sample of 676 respondents, social workers' self-reported burnout was negatively associated with social

Robert H. Schwartz; Mojisola F. Tiamiyu; Dale J. Dwyer

2007-01-01

383

Doctorate of Social Work Program Handbook THE SOCIAL WORK DOCTORAL PROGRAM  

E-print Network

1 Doctorate of Social Work Program Handbook Fall 2011 #12;2 THE SOCIAL WORK DOCTORAL PROGRAM UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK REVISED AUGUST 20111 THE PH.D. PROGRAM ....................................................................................................6 SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK HISTORY

Taylor, Jerry

384

Social anthropology in INCAP.  

PubMed

Social anthropology at INCAP evolved through a series of stages. The initial work in the 1950s was concerned with finding ways to make INCAP nutritional research more effective. In a second phase, emerging in the 1960s, anthropology examined the nutrition process in the population, especially as it was manifested in child care and feeding, lactation, and population growth and in the relation of economic process to nutritional progress. In the 1970s, anthropology once more became an adjunct of nutritional research. Anthropological awareness was introduced into project planning, and field studies were undertaken by way of shaping the research process to work in accord with local realities. In the 1980s and 1990s, there was a shift away from more descriptive research to research directed to supporting and facilitating specific nutrition and health behavior change. PMID:20461912

Adams, Richard N

2010-03-01

385

The malignant social network  

PubMed Central

Tumors contain a vastly complicated cellular network that relies on local communication to execute malignant programs. The molecular cues that are involved in cell-cell adhesion orchestrate large-scale tumor behaviors such as proliferation and invasion. We have recently begun to appreciate that many tumors contain a high degree of cellular heterogeneity and are organized in a cellular hierarchy, with a cancer stem cell (CSC) population identified at the apex in multiple cancer types. CSCs reside in unique microenvironments or niches that are responsible for directing their behavior through cellular interactions between CSCs and stromal cells, generating a malignant social network. Identifying cell-cell adhesion mechanisms in this network has implications for the basic understanding of tumorigenesis and the development of more effective therapies. In this review, we will discuss our current understanding of cell-cell adhesion mechanisms used by CSCs and how these local interactions have global consequences for tumor biology. PMID:22796941

Hale, James S.; Li, Meizhang; Lathia, Justin D.

2012-01-01

386

Social Psychology and Everyday Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offering a fresh, innovative approach, this international textbook encourages students to consider how social psychology can inform their understanding of the social world around them. Illustrative scenarios based on realistic everyday events, from shopping in a supermarket to taking a taxi, highlight just how relevant this subject is to tackling the issues that can arise in a diverse, multi-cultural society.

Darrin Hodgetts; Neil Drew; Christopher Sonn; Ottilie Stolte; Linda Waimarie Nikora; Cate Curtis

2010-01-01

387

This Issue: Rethinking Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a theme issue on rethinking social studies education, discussing: pluralist visions of human possibility; citizenship education and participation; classrooms as laboratories of culture; and educating the educators. The paper suggests that these articles might provoke further discussion about how social studies could influence and shape…

Levstik, Linda

2001-01-01

388

Conceptual Development in Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines research studies that have concluded that elementary school children can learn more difficult and abstract social studies concepts than are taught in the traditional social studies curriculum. Research studies that focus on constraints on cognition, the use of embedded concepts, and understanding knowledge restructuring and…

Levstik, Linda S.

389

Social influence, creativity and innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review research on the social influences on creativity. The main focus is on recent research on group and team creativity and the implications of this research for organizational creativity. We propose a broad model of the role of the cognitive, motivational, and social processes involved in creativity and innovation. Using this model as a framework, we highlight the influence

Paul B. Paulus; Mary Dzindolet

2008-01-01

390

Current Trends in Social Dialectology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The formal study of social dialects has received increasing attention since about the middle of the sixties. In linguistics, the study of social dialectology has resulted in the clear demonstration of the importance of sociolinguistic variation in linguistic theory in contrast to the former preoccupation with linguistic universals. In education,…

Shuy, Roger W.

391

Social Mobility and Educational Selection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a close interactive relationship between social mobility and educational selection. On one side, the character, direction, speed, level, methods and trends of social mobility affect the aims, goals, functions, scope, strategy, content and methods of choice in education. On the other side, the goals, basis and means of choosing education…

Dong, Zefang; Wang, Yanbin; Chen, Wenjiao

2009-01-01

392

The Social Construction of Adequacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the legal, educational, and technical determination of adequacy is a process of social construction. Identifies the social values of accountability, responsibility, and community as underpinning the societal consensus building around the concept of a "minimally adequate education." At present, educational reform does not take…

First, Patricia F.; Miron, Louis F.

1991-01-01

393

Social Studies in African Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays is organized into two sections: Section 1 deals with general issues in social studies, while Section 2 examines social studies education in Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Zambia. Essays in Section One are: (1) "The Historical Context of Education in British Colonial Africa" (L.…

Adeyemi, Michael B., Ed.

394

How Social Problems Are Born.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how social conditions can become social problems and argues that there are objective ways of determining the scale of a particular problem. The paper supports its argument through examinations of prohibition, the decline in tobacco consumption, and the war on drugs. (GLR)

Glazer, Nathan

1994-01-01

395

The Social Work Practice Doctorate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a systematic review of the emerging practice doctorate in social work. Based on the experience of the first such Doctor of Social Work (DSW) program, we provide information regarding the program origins and rationale, development, current structure, and future direction. Such information will enrich the discussion on the role…

Hartocollis, Lina; Cnaan, Ram A.; Ledwith, Kate

2014-01-01

396

Socially conscious decision-making  

Microsoft Academic Search

For individually motivated agents to work collaboratively to satisfy shared goals, they must be able to make decisions about actions and intentions in the context of commitments to group activities. This paper examines the role of social consciousness in the process of reconciliation of intentions to do group-related actions with other, conflicting intentions. We define a measure of social consciousness;

Alyssa Glass; Barbara J. Grosz

2000-01-01

397

Social Security's Surpluses: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that deliberation over how to manage social security's large trust fund balances is expected to continue. Urges social workers to participate in this debate because surpluses have implications for increasing quality of life of low- and moderate-income families. Continues earlier discussion (Dattalo, 1990) by assessing two recent proposals…

Dattalo, Patrick

1992-01-01

398

Naive Theories of Social Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four studies examined children's (ages 3-10, Total N = 235) naive theories of social groups, in particular, their expectations about how group memberships constrain social interactions. After introduction to novel groups of people, preschoolers (ages 3-5) reliably expected agents from one group to harm members of the other group (rather than…

Rhodes, Marjorie

2012-01-01

399

Corporate Social Responsibility in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current understandings of corporate social responsibility practices and attitudes have been mainly driven by 'western-centric' data and philosophical approaches. China is undergoing a vast economic boom, and research attention is turning to the practices and attitudes of Chinese firms in regard to corporate social responsibility. The current paper used a qualitative multi-case method to examine CSR motivations, policies, and practices

Michael Ewing; Lydia Windisch

400

Paraguay: Pobreza y Políticas Sociales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta presentación fue comisionada por la Red de Reducción de la Pobreza y Protección Social del Diálogo Regional de Política para la V Reunión Hemisférica celebrada los días 22 y 23 de mayo de 2003. En los 90 los gastos en el área social se incrementaron considerablemente, sobre todo en el sector educación, pero en general en gastos corrientes, con

Jorge Méndez

2003-01-01

401

Salario nominal y salario social  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: En este trabajo se intenta llamar la atención sobre el peso que cada vez más tiene el Salario Social sobre los salarios obtenidos en nómina, fruto de la negociación colectiva. El Salario Social sería el conjunto de prestaciones diferidas, gratuitas o subvencionadas, que ofrece el Estado de Bienestar en los países desarrollados -y que lo son en gran medida

Antonio Mora Plaza

2007-01-01

402

Social Inclusion and Metrolingual Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we explore the implications of metrolingual language practices for how we understand social inclusion. A vision of social inclusion that includes bi- and multilingual capacities may comprise an appreciation of a diversity of languages other than English, and the skills and capabilities of multilingual language users, yet it is all…

Otsuji, Emi; Pennycook, Alastair

2011-01-01

403

How the Social Construction of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immigrants who move to the United States often face the challenge of interpreting new laws and social norms (e.g., parenting norms), which may vary greatly from their native culture. Acceptable parenting practices are socially constructed beliefs, rooted in cultural context. What is acceptable in one culture may be labeled as child abuse in another. Thus, immigrant parents are at risk

Jennifer A. REISIG; Monica K. MILLER

2009-01-01

404

Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior?  

E-print Network

When Does `` Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior? Colin F. Camerer1 * and Ernst Fehr2 challenges this view, raising the question of when `` Economic Man'' dominates the outcome of social a `` noncooperative'' aggregate outcome if their behavior generates incentives for the majority of other

Greer, Julia R.

405

Pharmacotherapy of social anxiety disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, a number of medications have demonstrated their efficacy in the acute treatment of social anxiety disorder. At present, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors probably constitute the first line treatment, based on their safety, tolerability, and efficacy in the treatment of social anxiety disorder and common comorbid conditions. Data from single trials suggest that clonazepam, bromazepam, and

Carlos Blanco; Smita X. Antia; Michael R. Liebowitz

2002-01-01

406

Social Capital and Civil Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social capital is an instantiated informal norm that promotes cooperation between individuals. In the economic sphere it reduces transaction costs, and in the political sphere it promotes the kind of associational life that is necessary for the success of limited government and modern democracy. Although social capital often arises from iterated Prisoner's Dilemma games, it also is a byproduct of

Francis Fukuyama

2000-01-01

407

Managing School Social Work Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article documents results of a survey of 73 school social workers regarding their record-keeping practices. These social workers indicated that time pressures are a major challenge to documentation; they struggle to know what to include, and they worry about privacy. More than half fail to consistently include assessment information, progress…

Garrett, Kendra J.

2012-01-01

408

Measuring Emotion Socialization in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Understanding how school personnel can best support students' development of communication skills around feelings is critical to long-term health outcomes. The measurement of emotion socialization in schools facilitates future research in this area; we review existing measures of emotion socialization to assess their applicability…

Horner, Christy G.; Wallace, Tanner L.

2013-01-01

409

Strategies for Teaching Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with special learning problems, like all children, need to learn social studies. The challenge, however, is how to provide access to social studies content in a general education setting to children with mild disabilities. For at least 20 years the traditional textbook-based instructional approach has been found to be ineffective. The…

McCoy, Kathleen

2005-01-01

410

XXXVII Indian Social Science Congress,  

E-print Network

SEARCH Events Dec 27 XXXVII Indian Social Science Congress, Faculty of Social Science Dec 29 UGC with "Fritz Thyssen Stiftung Award" in the international and interdisciplinary conference. Mr. Iftikhar Ahmad. Mursaleen, Department of Mathmatics, Dr. Asad U. Khan, Interdisciplinary Biotechnology Unit, Prof. M Afzal

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

411

MOVILIDAD SOCIAL Y DESIGUALDAD ECONÓMICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo principal de este trabajo es establecer desde un punto de vista, tanto teórico como empírico, la relación existente entre la desigualdad en la distribución de la renta y la movilidad social. Los índices de movilidad social de intercambio y de desigualdad de la distribución de la renta se han calculado utilizando el Panel de Hogares de la Unión

Juan Prieto-Rodríguez; Rafael Salas; Santiago Álvarez-García

412

Comparative Theories of Social Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium report contains various statements of the theory of change and societal growth and maintenance viewed from the perspectives of major social disciplines. Comparative theories in these areas can provide guidelines for predicting, planning, and carrying out social development programs. The theme of the symposium was the problem of…

Peter, Hollis W.; And Others

413

Karen D. Lincoln Social Work  

E-print Network

and the Social Environment African American Families Intergenerational Relations and Aging #12;Karen D. Lincoln American women Informal networks and social relationships African American older adults ACADEMIC and Human Services Administration for Children and Families and the Mathematica Policy Research Project

McLeod, Dennis

414

Launching Social Studies into Orbit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a social studies educator, Christa McAuliffe was delighted that a "non-science teacher" was chosen to become the first teacher to orbit the earth. Her thoughts concerning the NASA space flight and its meaning for the social studies are discussed. (RM)

Stone, Kirk

1986-01-01

415

Computer Simulation in Social Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a base in military models, computer simulation has evolved to provide a wide variety of applications in social science. General purpose simulation packages and languages such as FIRM, DYNAMO, and others have made significant contributions toward policy discussion in the social sciences and have well-documented efficacy in instructional…

Garson, G. David

416

The Social Construction of Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While some social constructionists are unprepared to confront the role of ethics in the process of communication, the fact must be faced that as a person constructs reality, he or she makes judgments about that reality. Here are four situational perceptions that affect how decisions are socially constructed as ethical or not ethical within…

Lulofs, Roxane S.

417

Social impairment in Hyperkinetic Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There is paucity of information concerning social impairment in children and adolescents referred to mental health services. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the association of social impairment, psychopathology and environmental stressors in Hyperkinetic Disorder (HKD) and to determine the frequency of pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) symptoms in HKD. Method: ‘Item sheets’ about children and adolescents

Paramala J. Santosh; Angela Mijovic

2004-01-01

418

Professional Socialization and Teacher Autonomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined how new teachers become socialized into their profession and how this socialization process affects their attitudes toward professional autonomy. A pretest-posttest correlation design was used to investigate the effects of both organizational evaluators' attitudes and prevailing school-staff climate on teacher attitudes toward…

Edgar, Donald E.; Brod, Rodney L.

419

Teaching Geography for Social Transformation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how higher education geography is a discipline that can make a significant contribution to addressing inequality and engaging with the agenda for social change. It adopts the view that the teaching of geography can promote social transformation through the development of knowledge, skills and values in students that encourage…

Wellens, Jane; Berardi, Andrea; Chalkley, Brian; Chambers, Bill; Healey, Ruth; Monk, Janice; Vender, Jodi

2006-01-01

420

SOCIALLY INTELLIGENT AGENTS Creating Relationships  

E-print Network

SOCIALLY INTELLIGENT AGENTS Creating Relationships with Computers and Robots Edited by KERSTIN DAUTENHAHN University of Hertfordshire ALAN H. BOND California Institute of Technology LOLA CAÃ?AMERO Boston/Dordrecht/London #12;Contents Contributing Authors ix 1 Socially Intelligent Agents: Creating

Cañamero, Lola

421

Social Isolation Syndrome in Rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The consequences of social isolation in early ontogeny are observed in humans and various animals, including primates, dogs, sheep, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, mice, and some animals other than mammals [11]. These are usually described as behavioral, neurophysiological, and neurochemical consequences. As applied to humans, this concerns persons that have been brought up under the conditions of a scanty social

P. D. Shabanov; A. A. Lebedev; A. D. Nozdrachev

2004-01-01

422

Social Group Work in Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review focuses on social group work in the hospital setting. The first section addresses the need for a holistic approach within a typology of illness, and discusses the social work role and intervention tasks required at different stages of illness, i.e., diagnosis, adaptation to long-term illness, and the ending of the illness…

Stambler, Moses

423

Crime, punishment and social norms  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the interplay between economic incentives and social norms when individuals decide whether or not to engage in criminal activity. More specifically, we assume that there is a social norm against criminal activity and that deviations from the norm result in feelings of guilt or shame. The intensity of these feelings is here endogenous in the sense that they

Jörgen W. Weibull; Edgar Villa

2005-01-01

424

Social Class and School Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article takes a practical look at social class in school music by exploring the manifestations and impact of three of its dimensions: financial resources, cultural practices, and social networks. Three suggestions are discussed: provide a free and equal music education for all students, understand and respect each student's cultural…

Bates, Vincent C.

2012-01-01

425

Schools, Social Capital and Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the significance of social capital in relation to education, exploring its relevance to teachers and other professionals as well as among young people. It draws on aspects of five case studies undertaken by the Schools and Social Capital Network, within the Applied Educational Research Scheme in Scotland. These case studies…

Allan, Julie; Catts, Ralph

2014-01-01

426

Anthropomorphism and the social robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the issues pertinent to the development of a meaningful social interaction between robots and people through employing degrees of anthropomorphism in a robot's physical design and behaviour. As robots enter our social space, we will inherently project\\/impose our interpretation on their actions similar to the techniques we employ in rationalising, for example, a pet's behaviour. This propensity

Brian R. Duffy

2003-01-01

427

Political model of social evolution.  

PubMed

Almost all democratic societies evolved socially and politically out of authoritarian and nondemocratic regimes. These changes not only altered the allocation of economic resources in society but also the structure of political power. In this paper, we develop a framework for studying the dynamics of political and social change. The society consists of agents that care about current and future social arrangements and economic allocations; allocation of political power determines who has the capacity to implement changes in economic allocations and future allocations of power. The set of available social rules and allocations at any point in time is stochastic. We show that political and social change may happen without any stochastic shocks or as a result of a shock destabilizing an otherwise stable social arrangement. Crucially, the process of social change is contingent (and history-dependent): the timing and sequence of stochastic events determine the long-run equilibrium social arrangements. For example, the extent of democratization may depend on how early uncertainty about the set of feasible reforms in the future is resolved. PMID:22198760

Acemoglu, Daron; Egorov, Georgy; Sonin, Konstantin

2011-12-27

428

Alcohol Impairment and Social Drinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive abilities of social drinkers are generally thought to be affected by alcohol only during acute intoxication, but several studies suggest that sober-state performance may be affected by the quantity of alcohol consumed per drinking episode. Although the findings regarding sober-state mental deficits in social drinkers are inconclusive,…

Bates, Marsha E.

429

Finding Articles Social Sciences Inquiry  

E-print Network

of life of people on social assistance (3 minutes) #12;Searching Databases Skills & Tips or, "Databases quality of life of people on social assistance search engine tries to find that exact phrase ­ you get 0 results #12;Inquiry 1SS3 Tip: Identify Key Words and Phrases analyze your search statement: quality

Haykin, Simon

430

Teachers, social class and underachievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addressing the ‘the social class attainment gap’ in education has become a government priority in England. Despite multiple initiatives, however, little has effectively addressed the underachievement of working?class pupils within the classroom. In order to develop clearer understandings of working?class underachievement at this level, this small research study focused on local social processes by exploring how secondary school teachers identified

Máiréad Dunne; Louise Gazeley

2008-01-01

431

Social Comparison Processes in Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We systematically analyze the role of social comparison processes in organizations. Specifically, we describe how social comparison processes have been used to explain six key areas of organizational inquiry: (1) organizational justice, (2) performance appraisal, (3) virtual work environments, (4) affective behavior in the workplace, (5) stress,…

Greenberg, Jerald; Ashton-James, Claire E.; Ashkanasy, Neal M.

2007-01-01

432

Luhmann on Socialization and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that Niklas Luhmann's perspective on socialization and education deserves attention from educational researchers. The paper reviews the paradigm change in systems theory, examines Luhmann's core concepts and their consequences, and discusses conceptual distinctions and determinations regarding issues of socialization and education,…

Vanderstraeten, Raf

2000-01-01

433

LOOKING BACK AT SOCIAL HISTORY  

Microsoft Academic Search

I became a social historian in the late 1960s, and I am still at it. The field has gone through three metamorphoses during my working lifetime: its birth in social science and quantification, its love affair with British Marxism, and the theoretical pileup that we call the Cultural Turn. I have contributed nothing to theorizing those transformations, but I have

PAuL E. JOHNSON

2011-01-01

434

Social Workers Confront Terrorist Victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with unremitting stress experienced by social workers dealing with terror victims.The article will describe the activity of social workers responsible for setting up a hospital information center. It will describe how they assist families searching for their loved ones and the process of identifying victims.The process in which the uncertainty is treated, the anxiety is contained, bad

Nelly Fraidlin; Barbara Rabin

2006-01-01

435

The Effects of Social Disorganization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guided by the theoretical framework of quality of life and social disorganization, this study combined data from three independent sources (4,469 community surveys, Census Bureau, and police crime records) to simultaneously examine the influence of contextual characteristics (concentrated disadvantage, social isolation, and violent crime) on residents' perceived incivilities across 10 city council districts in San Antonio, Texas, net of citizen-level

Jeffrey Michael Cancino; Sean Patrick Varano; Joseph A. Schafer; Roger Enriquez

2007-01-01

436

Online Identities and Social Networking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between online identities and social networking. Online social networks (OSNs) are growing at a rapid pace and has millions of members in them. While the recent trend is to create explicit OSNs such as Facebook and MySpace, we also have implicit OSNs such as interaction graphs created by email and instant messaging services. Explicit OSNs allow users to create profiles and use them to project their identities on the web. There are many interesting identity related issues in the context of social networking including how OSNs help and hinder the definition of online identities.

Maheswaran, Muthucumaru; Ali, Bader; Ozguven, Hatice; Lord, Julien

437

The dynamics of social innovation  

PubMed Central

Social norms and institutions are mechanisms that facilitate coordination between individuals. A social innovation is a novel mechanism that increases the welfare of the individuals who adopt it compared with the status quo. We model the dynamics of social innovation as a coordination game played on a network. Individuals experiment with a novel strategy that would increase their payoffs provided that it is also adopted by their neighbors. The rate at which a social innovation spreads depends on three factors: the topology of the network and in particular the extent to which agents interact in small local clusters, the payoff gain of the innovation relative to the status quo, and the amount of noise in the best response process. The analysis shows that local clustering greatly enhances the speed with which social innovations spread. It also suggests that the welfare gains from innovation are more likely to occur in large jumps than in a series of small incremental improvements. PMID:22198762

Young, H. Peyton

2011-01-01

438

Signed Networks in Social Media  

E-print Network

Relations between users on social media sites often reflect a mixture of positive (friendly) and negative (antagonistic) interactions. In contrast to the bulk of research on social networks that has focused almost exclusively on positive interpretations of links between people, we study how the interplay between positive and negative relationships affects the structure of on-line social networks. We connect our analyses to theories of signed networks from social psychology. We find that the classical theory of structural balance tends to capture certain common patterns of interaction, but that it is also at odds with some of the fundamental phenomena we observe --- particularly related to the evolving, directed nature of these on-line networks. We then develop an alternate theory of status that better explains the observed edge signs and provides insights into the underlying social mechanisms. Our work provides one of the first large-scale evaluations of theories of signed networks using on-line datasets, as ...

Leskovec, Jure; Kleinberg, Jon

2010-01-01

439

Extending the Ally Model of Social Justice to Social Work Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work students, regardless of their multiple social identities in oppressed and oppressor groups, are called upon to take action against social injustice. This conceptual article introduces the Ally Model of social justice and its alignment with social work values and goals and recommends it to social work educators as a pedagogical tool to…

Gibson, Priscilla Ann

2014-01-01

440

Social Cognition and the Anterior Temporal Lobe Journal: Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience  

E-print Network

memory; social cognition; person memory; famous faces; social networks; theory of mind; temporal pole #12Social Cognition and the Anterior Temporal Lobe Page 1 Journal: Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience RUNNING HEAD: Social Processing and the Anterior Temporal Lobes Social Cognition and the Anterior

Olson, Ingrid

441

www.victoria.ac.nz/atp/ After Post-Socialism: Social Theory, Utopia, and the Work  

E-print Network

1 www.victoria.ac.nz/atp/ After Post-Socialism: Social Theory, Utopia, and the Work of Castoriadis to note the post-1970s troubles faced by social theory, utopia, Marxism, and socialism, often linked.pdf Citation: El Ojeili, Chamsy, "After Post-Socialism: Social Theory, Utopia, and the Work

Frean, Marcus

442

Socialized Gaussian Process Model for Human Behavior Prediction in a Health Social Network  

E-print Network

Socialized Gaussian Process Model for Human Behavior Prediction in a Health Social Network Yelong behavior in a social network. In this work, we propose a Socialized Gaussian Process (SGP) for socialized behavior factor and social correlation factor into a unified model, where basic Gaussian Process model

Dou, Dejing

443

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology Applied Social Psychology Program Department of Psychology Colorado State University Job Description and Qualifications The Department of Psychology at Colorado State University invites applications for one tenure- track position in Applied Social

444

Transformation of Child Socialization in Korean Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines agents of socialization, socialization skills, the influence of Confucian principles, gender socialization, and the differentiation of parental roles in traditional Korean families; and the value of children, the purpose of education, and family orientation in the modern family. (BC)

Yi, Soon Hyung

1993-01-01

445

FACULT DES SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES -SORBONNE  

E-print Network

FACULT� DES SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES - SORBONNE LICENCE EN SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES ANN�E UNIVERSITAIRE 2013-2014 MENTION SCIENCES DE L'�DUCATION L3 Faculté des Sciences humaines et sociales

Pellier, Damien

446

Social marketing to prevent childhood obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social marketing is one of many tools available for changing behavior; it applies commercial marketing principles to achieve socially desirable goals. Seven overarching communication principles should be considered before designing a social marketing campaign. Key marketing principles are: \\

Nadine Henley; Sandrine Raffin

2010-01-01

447

An algorithmic approach to social networks  

E-print Network

Social networks consist of a set of individuals and some form of social relationship that ties the individuals together. In this thesis, we use algorithmic techniques to study three aspects of social networks: (1) we analyze ...

Liben-Nowell, David

2005-01-01

448

Choosing a Database for Social Work: A Comparison of Social Work Abstracts and Social Service Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared Social Work Abstracts and Social Services Abstracts databases in terms of indexing, journal coverage, and searches. The authors interviewed editors, analyzed journal coverage, and compared searches. It was determined that the databases complement one another more than compete. The authors conclude with some considerations.

Flatley, Robert K.; Lilla, Rick; Widner, Jack

2007-01-01

449

Social Indicators, Social Reports and Social Accounts: Toward the Management of Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the origins and implications of social reporting and accounting and defines the problems related to finding measurable indicators of social change. The development of scholarly and governmental interest in these concepts and the interest in the conceptual differences among approaches on how to manage society are discussed. In…

Springer, Michael

450

Evolution and social anxiety. The role of attraction, social competition, and social hierarchies.  

PubMed

If human social anxiety is not predominately about the fear of physical injury or attack, as it is in other animals, then, to understand human social anxiety (i.e., fear of evaluation), it is necessary to consider why certain types of relationships are so important. Why do humans need to court the good feelings of others and fear not doing so? And why, when people wish to appear attractive to others (e.g., to make friends, date a desired sexual partner, or give a good presentation), do some people become so overwhelmed with anxiety that they behave submissively and fearfully (which can be seen as unattractive) or are avoidant? This article has suggested that humans have evolved to compete for attractiveness to make good impressions because these are related to eliciting important social resources and investments from others. These, in turn, have been linked to inclusive fitness and have physiological regulating effects. Being allocated a low social rank or ostracized carries many negative consequences for controlling social resources and physiological regulation. Social anxiety, like shame, can be adaptive to the extent that it helps people to "stay on track" with what is socially acceptable and what is not and could result in social sanction and exclusion. However, dysfunctional social anxiety is the result of activation of basic defensive mechanisms (and modules for) for threat detection and response (e.g., inhibition, eye-gaze avoidance, flight, or submission) that can be recruited rapidly for dealing with immediate threats, override conscious wishes, and interfere with being seen as a "useful associate." Second, this article has suggested that socially anxious people are highly attuned to the competitive dynamics of trying to elicit approval and investment from others but that they perceive themselves to start from an inferior (i.e., low-rank) position and, because of this, activate submissive defensives when attempting to present themselves as confident, able, and attractive to others. These submissive defenses (which evolved to inhibit animals in low-rank positions from making claims on resources or up-rank bids) interfere with confident performance, leading to a failure cycle. While psychological therapies may target specific modules, cognitions, and behaviors (e.g., damage limitation behaviors, eyes gaze avoidance, theory of mind beliefs) that underpin social anxiety, drugs may work by having a more generalized effect on the threat-safety balance such that there is a different "weighting" given to various social threats and opportunities. If social anxiety (and disorders associated with it) are increasing in the modern age, one reason may be invigorated competition for social prestige, attractiveness, and resources. PMID:11723630

Gilbert, P

2001-12-01

451

Thomas Hodgkin: social activist.  

PubMed

Thomas Hodgkin's discovery of a lymph gland disorder is merely one event in a life of unusually varied public activities in the social reform and humanitarian movements of the mid-19th century. He wrote pamphlets on medical care for the working-class poor, public health, housing, sanitation, and the relief of cold, hunger, and unemployment. Hodgkin wrote about the problems arising from urban renewal and suburban development. His contributions to geographic explorations, anthropology, ethnology, and foreign affairs are virtually unknown today. Hodgkin's opposition to slavery and the slave trade involved him in the development of settlements in Africa for freed slaves and disputes with the abolitionists in America. He fought for social justice and human rights for native populations being oppressed by British foreign policy in South Africa and New Zealand. His criticism of the exploitation of Indians by the Hudson's Bay Company's fur trade contributed to a professional conflict in the highly politicized environment of Guy's Hospital and blocked advancement of his medical career. Closer to home he advocated reform of medical education and practice and sponsored adult education programs. As a member of its Senate, he helped in establishing London University, the first nonsectarian institution of higher learning in England. He lectured to working people on the means of preserving and promoting health and advocated prepaid medical care for the working poor. Concerned about unequal distribution of medical care, he opposed medical contracts to the lowest bidder and price-determined government plans for health care. He consistently maintained that the basic problems of the poor were not medical but socioeconomic. Since charity leaves nothing behind in exchange, Hodgkin was certain that greater benefits would result if charitable money was used to provide jobs. He denounced the evils of tobacco, practices of trade unions, and barbarous prize fights. On a trip to Jerusalem with Sir Moses Montefiore in 1866, Hodgkin contracted dysentery and died. He is buried in a protestant cemetery in Jaffa. His epitaph is fitting: "Nothing human was alien to him." PMID:10760325

Rosenfeld, L

2000-04-01

452

Faculty of Social Sciences School of Social Work  

E-print Network

Research Methods Degree 15 MRes Social Science Research Methods Our Research Degrees 16 MPhil, PhD 18 Life Science Research Methods and also welcome students wishing to study for an MPhil or PhD under expert

Hammerton, Paul

453

Social phobia and selective mutism.  

PubMed

Social phobia (SOP) and selective mutism (SM) are related anxiety disorders characterized by distress and dysfunction in social situations. SOP typically onsets in adolescence and affects about 8% of the general population, whereas SM onsets before age 5 and is prevalent in up to 2% of youth. Prognosis includes a chronic course that confers risk for other disorders or ongoing social disability, but more favorable outcomes may be associated with young age and low symptom severity. SOP treatments are relatively more established, whereas dissemination of promising and innovative SM-treatment strategies is needed. PMID:22800998

Keeton, Courtney P; Crosby Budinger, Meghan

2012-07-01

454

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

2005-11-02

455

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until "the next revision to the web site this winter."

456

From Social Withdrawal to Social Confidence: Evidence for Possible Pathways  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children born with a possible predisposition toward shyness face many social challenges. Researchers over the past four decades\\u000a have begun to identify specific factors that influence shy children’s social skill development and their level of peer acceptance.\\u000a The purpose of this article is to review factors across each developmental stage that have been found to either promote or\\u000a hinder the

Scott R. Miller; Elizabeth Coll

2007-01-01

457

Social Security eNews: The Social Security Electronic Newsletter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beginning in February 2000, users can sign up for a new free electronic newsletter from the US Social Security Administration (SSA) that will premiere on March 1. The monthly newsletter will feature the latest Social Security news aimed at both workers and beneficiaries. Each story will be hyperlinked to a page at the SSA Website offering more information. In addition, users can elect to receive news updates on a number of specific topics, such as Disability, Law and Regulations, Retirement, Medicare, and others.

2000-01-01

458

Social traditions and social learning in capuchin monkeys (Cebus)  

PubMed Central

Capuchin monkeys (genus Cebus) have evolutionarily converged with humans and chimpanzees in a number of ways, including large brain size, omnivory and extractive foraging, extensive cooperation and coalitionary behaviour and a reliance on social learning. Recent research has documented a richer repertoire of group-specific social conventions in the coalition-prone Cebus capucinus than in any other non-human primate species; these social rituals appear designed to test the strength of social bonds. Such diverse social conventions have not yet been noted in Cebus apella, despite extensive observation at multiple sites. The more robust and widely distributed C. apella is notable for the diversity of its tool-use repertoire, particularly in marginal habitats. Although C. capucinus does not often use tools, white-faced capuchins do specialize in foods requiring multi-step processing, and there are often multiple techniques used by different individuals within the same social group. Immatures preferentially observe foragers who are eating rare foods and hard-to-process foods. Young foragers, especially females, tend to adopt the same foraging techniques as their close associates. PMID:21357221

Perry, Susan

2011-01-01

459

Statistical Training for Social Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of statistical training for social workers is addressed, along with current levels of training and general educational principles for statistical training. Bachelor's, master's, and doctoral statistical curricula are proposed. (Author/MH)

Glisson, Charles; Fischer, Joel

1987-01-01

460

Social signaling in decision making  

E-print Network

Nonverbal communication is an important and often underestimated instrument in social interactions. The paralinguistic elements of speech, which are described in common speech as "tone of voice", are one channel of the ...

Caneel, Ron

2005-01-01

461

China's Social and Community Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six months after the Tiananmen Square crackdown, the author traveled to China. This overview is her perception of the highly structured, but ever-changing social welfare system in the People's Republic of China.

Lucy Y. Steinitz

1992-01-01

462

Social Studies for Somali Nomads.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Somalia Nomad Education Program. States that social studies is the core of the program which has a primary goal of developing national unity. Discusses successful features of the program and its vulnerability to political and economic events. (CFR)

Brook, Diane L.; Brook, George A.

1993-01-01

463

Social evolution of pragmatic behaviour   

E-print Network

Pragmatics is the branch of linguistics that addresses the relationship between language and its external environment – in particular the communicative context. Social evolution (or sociobiology) is the branch of the ...

Scott?Phillips, Thomas C.

2009-01-01

464

Privacy as a Social Good  

E-print Network

Privacy is typically conceived, in both scholarly and popular circles, as an individual good. This weakens the potential for understanding the social implications of changes in privacy and may contribute to the topic s ...

Kasper, Debbie V.S.

2007-01-01

465

The measurement of social capital.  

PubMed

Social capital has been defined as the resources available to individuals and groups through membership in social networks. The definition is consistent with either an individualistic approach, i.e. resources (such as information or instrumental assistance) that are accessed by individuals through their network connections; or a collective approach, e.g. the benefits accruing to members of a group - such as the ability of a community to engage in collective action - as a consequence of the existence of cohesive relationships. While research often restricts itself to a single level of analysis, the benefits (and downsides) of social capital accrue to both the individual as well as to the network to which he belongs. In the Dictionary of Epidemiology both the individual and collective levels of analysis were recognized in the definition of social capital. PMID:25444390

Villalonga-Olives, Ester; Kawachi, Ichiro

2015-01-01

466

Emotional Intelligence and Social Perception   

E-print Network

The present study had the chief aim of validating the new Social Perception Test (SPT) as a veridically scored, pragmatic measure of Emotional Intelligence (EI). To this end the SPT was compared to three similarly visually based tests – picture...

Teale, Cassandra

2010-06-30

467

Emotional Intelligence and Social Perception   

E-print Network

and interpretations. In the present study EI is measured using the following standardized interpersonal perception tests; the Social Perception Test (SPT), Interpersonal Perception Task (IPT), and Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RTMITE). The SPT uses a ‘real life...

Forrester, Roisin

2010-06-30

468

International Institute of Social History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Institute of Social History (IISH) is one of the world's largest documentary and research institutions for social history in general and for the history of the labor movement in particular. Its homepage contains a formidable online catalog of the IISH's 2,000 archival collections which hold over one million printed volumes and about as many audio-visual items. Also included are a listing of current books put out by the Institute's publishing house, a digital social history archive of "relevant parts of the Internet," and the online newsletter of the Institute for the International Association of Labour History Institutions. Two other items of interest are a collection of useful social and labor history links, and digital editions of recent exhibitions at the IISH. (One of the latter, "The Chairman Smiles," was discussed in the June 13, 1997 Scout Report.)

1998-01-01

469

Social Network Visualization in Epidemiology  

PubMed Central

Epidemiological investigations and interventions are increasingly focusing on social networks. Two aspects of social networks are relevant in this regard: the structure of networks and the function of networks. A better understanding of the processes that determine how networks form and how they operate with respect to the spread of behavior holds promise for improving public health. Visualizing social networks is a key to both research and interventions. Network images supplement statistical analyses and allow the identification of groups of people for targeting, the identification of central and peripheral individuals, and the clarification of the macro-structure of the network in a way that should affect public health interventions. People are inter-connected and so their health is inter-connected. Inter-personal health effects in social networks provide a new foundation for public health. PMID:22544996

Christakis, Nicholas A.; Fowler, James H.

2010-01-01

470

Social Ferment and School Finance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the nature of contemporary society in terms of gross or general changes observed during the past twenty years in order to consider possible breakthroughs of school finance as products of social ferment. (Author/AN)

Hack, Walter G.

1972-01-01

471

Instructional Development: A Social Intervention?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concepts and methods for analyzing the social system and recent advances in the technical functions of development are discussed. Four development functions are highlighted: management of the development process, formal analysis, strategy specification, and evaluation. (Author)

Schwen, Thomas M.; And Others

1979-01-01

472

The ultra-social animal  

PubMed Central

In evolutionary perspective, what is most remarkable about human sociality is its many and diverse forms of cooperation. Here, I provide an overview of some recent research, mostly from our laboratory, comparing human children with their nearest living relatives, the great apes, in various tests of collaboration, prosocial behavior, conformity, and group-mindedness (e.g., following and enforcing social norms). This is done in the context of a hypothetical evolutionary scenario comprising two ordered steps: a first step in which early humans began collaborating with others in unique ways in their everyday foraging and a second step in which modern humans began forming cultural groups. Humans' unique forms of sociality help to explain their unique forms of cognition and morality. © 2014. The Authors. European Journal of Social Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25641998

Tomasello, Michael

2014-01-01

473

Social media in vascular surgery.  

PubMed

There has been a tremendous growth in the use of social media to expand the visibility of various specialties in medicine. The purpose of this paper is to describe the latest updates on some current applications of social media in the practice of vascular surgery as well as existing limitations of use. This investigation demonstrates that the use of social networking sites appears to have a positive impact on vascular practice, as is evident through the incorporation of this technology at the Cleveland Clinic and by the Society for Vascular Surgery into their approach to patient care and physician communication. Overall, integration of social networking technology has current and future potential to be used to promote goals, patient awareness, recruitment for clinical trials, and professionalism within the specialty of vascular surgery. PMID:23321344

Indes, Jeffrey E; Gates, Lindsay; Mitchell, Erica L; Muhs, Bart E

2013-04-01

474

Social identity framing: Leader communication for social change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social identity framing (SIF) delineates a process of intergroup communication that leaders may engage in to promote a vision of social change. As a step towards social change, social identity may need to be altered to accommodate a new view of the group, its collective goals, and its place alongside other groups. Thus, social identity content may be deconstructed and reconstructed by the leader en route to change. SIF suggests that this may be achieved through a series of 16 communication tactics, which are largely derived from previous research (Seyranian & Bligh, 2008). This research used an experimental design to test the effectiveness of three SIF communication tactics - inclusion, similarity to followers, and positive social identity - on a number of follower outcomes. Students ( N=246) were randomly assigned to read one of eight possible speeches promoting renewable energy on campus that was ostensibly from a student leader. The speeches were varied to include or exclude the three communication tactics. Following the speech, participants completed a dependent measures questionnaire. Results indicated that similarity to followers and positive social identity did not affect follower outcomes. However, students exposed to inclusion were more likely to indicate that renewable energy was ingroup normative; intend to engage in collective action to bring renewable energy to campus; experience positive emotional reactions towards change; feel more confident about the possibility of change; and to view the leader more positively. The combination of inclusion and positive social identity increased perceptions of charismatic leadership. Perceived leader prototypicality and cognitive elaboration of the leader's message resulted in more favorable attitudes towards renewable energy. Perceived leader prototypicality was also directly related to social identification, environmental values, ingroup injunctive norms, and self-stereotypes. Overall, these results support SIF theory by providing evidence that communication that implicates social identity (i.e., inclusion) is an important aspect of the leader-follower influence process and that it can be used to bring about changes such as promoting environmental conservation policies. Avenues of future research on SIF are discussed.

Seyranian, Viviane

475

Let the social sciences evolve.  

PubMed

We agree that evolutionary perspectives may help us organize many divergent realms of the science of human behavior. Nevertheless, an imperative to unite all social science under an evolutionary framework risks turning off researchers who have their own theoretical perspectives that can be informed by evolutionary theory without being exclusively defined by it. We propose a few considerations for scholars interested in joining the evolutionary and social sciences. PMID:25162883

Smaldino, Paul E; Waring, Timothy M

2014-08-01

476

Social insects inspire human design.  

PubMed

The international conference 'Social Biomimicry: Insect Societies and Human Design', hosted by Arizona State University, USA, 18-20 February 2010, explored how the collective behaviour and nest architecture of social insects can inspire innovative and effective solutions to human design challenges. It brought together biologists, designers, engineers, computer scientists, architects and businesspeople, with the dual aims of enriching biology and advancing biomimetic design. PMID:20392721

Holbrook, C Tate; Clark, Rebecca M; Moore, Dani; Overson, Rick P; Penick, Clint A; Smith, Adrian A

2010-08-23

477

Pharmacotherapy of Social Anxiety Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A range of medications have been shown effective for the treatment of social anxiety disorder. The largest trials to date\\u000a have been with various selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Several of these agents have been registered for the\\u000a treatment of social anxiety disorder with agencies such as the FDA or EMEA, meta-analyses confirm their efficacy and safety,\\u000a and expert consensus

Keith A. Ganasen; Dan J. Stein

478

Social Capital and Physical Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, we describe the key findings from a systematic review of empirical studies linking social capital to physical\\u000a health outcomes. As noted in the Introduction, as well as the chapters by van der Gaag and Webber (chapter 2), and Lakon and\\u000a colleagues (chapter 4), much of the public health literature has focused on the health effects of social

Daniel Kim; S. V. Subramanian; Ichiro Kawachi

479

Why Do Social Skills Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I propose a model where social skills of a manager signal the workers that their e¤ort is productive. In this model …rms with a high productivity of e¤ort hire a socially skilled manager and pay higher wages, and workers hired by these …rms exert higher e¤ort. In a broader context, the paper argues the employees are compensated

Suren Basov

2002-01-01

480

Social Group Dynamics in Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rich set of interactions between individuals in the society results in complex community structure, capturing highly connected\\u000a circles of friends, families, or professional cliques in a social network. Due to the frequent changes in the activity and\\u000a communication patterns of individuals, the associated social and communication network is subject to constant evolution. The\\u000a cohesive groups of people in such

Gergely Palla; Péter Pollner; Albert-László Barabási; Tamás Vicsek

481

Agent Factory: Towards Social Robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper advocates the application of multi-agent techniques in the realisation of social robotic behaviour. We present the Social Robot Architecture, which integrates the key elements of agent-hood and robotics in a coherent and systematic manner. This architecture seamlessly integrates, real world robots, multi-agent development tools, and VRML visualisation tools into a coherent whole. Using these elements, we deliver a

Gregory M. P. O'hare; Brian R. Duffy; Rem W. Collier; Colm Rooney; R. P. S. O'donoghue

1999-01-01

482

The social order of markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I develop a proposal for the theoretical vantage point of the sociology of markets, focusing on the problem\\u000a of the social order of markets. The initial premise is that markets are highly demanding arenas of social interaction, which\\u000a can only operate if three inevitable coordination problems are resolved. I define these coordination problems as the value problem,

Jens Beckert

2009-01-01

483

Rationality and social behavior.  

PubMed

This article penetrates the relationship between social behavior and rationality. A critical analysis is made of efforts to classify some behaviors as altruistic, as they simultaneously meet criteria of rationality by not truly being self-destructive. Newcomb's paradox is one attempt to create a hybrid behavior that is both irrational and still meets some criterion of rationality. Such dubious rationality is often seen as a source of altruistic behavior. Group selection is a controversial topic. Sober and Wilson (Unto Others--The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1998) suggest that a very wide concept of group selection might be used to explain altruism. This concept also includes kin selection and reciprocity, which blurs its focus. The latter mechanisms hardly need further arguments to prove their existence. This article suggests that it is group selection in a strict sense that should be investigated to limit semantic neologism and confusion. In evaluation, the effort to muster a mechanism for altruism out of group selection has not been successful. However, this is not the end to group selection, but rather a good reason to investigate more promising possibilities. There is little reason to burden group selection with the instability of altruism caused by altruistic members of a group having lower fitness than egoistic members. Group selection is much more likely to develop in combination with group egoism. A common project is supported by incitement against free riding, where conformist members joined in solidarity achieve a higher fitness than members pursuing more individualistic options. Group egoism is in no conflict with rationality, and the effects of group selection will be supported rather than threatened by individual selection. Empirical evidence indicates a high level of traits such as conformism and out-group antagonism in line with group egoism. These traits are also likely candidates for behavior favored by group selection since they homogenize the group and link the different individuals closer to one another and a similar fate. PMID:12957119

Tullberg, Jan

2003-10-21

484

Social Security Online History Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The creation of the Social Security program during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt is widely understood to be one of the most important pieces of social welfare legislation in United States history. Drawing on their vast repositories of oral histories, audio recordings, and primary documents, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has established this Web site that will be of great help and assistance to researchers looking for a holistic appraisal of the Administration's historical development and contributions to the welfare of the American public. Visitors will want to check out the detailed explanation of how Social Security numbers are assigned (and who received the first number back in 1936). One fascinating feature is the sound and video clip section, which features radio debates on the merits of the Social Security program taped during 1935 and Lyndon B. Johnson's remarks on the passage of the Medicare bill in 1965. The Web site also includes transcriptions of oral histories done with administrators of the SSA over the past 65 years. All in all, this site serves as a well-thought out archive that deals with the transformation of the federal government's role in increasing its influence in the arena of social welfare.

485

Cognitive underpinnings of social interaction.  

PubMed

Human social interaction is part of what defines us. Here I present an overview of recent studies of imitation, a subdomain of social interaction that can be dissected and examined in a scientific fashion. I use these studies to test two core claims: (a) that there is more than one copying mechanism in the human brain and (b) that mimicry (a form of copying) is particularly relevant for understanding social behaviour. Evidence in favour of the first claim comes from neuroimaging studies that show distinct brain systems for understanding action kinematics, action goals, and irrational actions. Further studies of participants with autism show abnormal copying of irrational actions. Evidence in favour of the second claim comes from behavioural studies of the social cues that prime mimicry and from neuroimaging studies of the pathways involved in this priming. These studies suggest that medial prefrontal cortex has a core role in controlling mimicry responses and support the STORM (social top-down response modulation) model. Future work should determine what organizing principles govern the control of social responses and how these critical mechanisms for interpersonal connection differ in autism. PMID:25405540

Hamilton, Antonia F de C

2015-03-01

486

UNIVERSITY OF REGINA FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF REGINA FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK SW 348--SOCIAL WORK PRACTICUM I Planning Learning to the Social Work Office Room 456. The U of R calendar list the deadline dates for the practicum. SW 348 ­ Practicum I (6 cr. Hrs) Prerequisites: Completion of SW 390, plus 12 other social work credits, completion

Argerami, Martin

487

Celebrating 100 Years of Social Work  

E-print Network

Celebrating 100 Years of Social Work University of Birmingham Ann Davis 1968--1988 1948 in the UK to reach its centenary of teaching and researching in social work. With over four hundred social in social work research and education in the University of Birmingham for over 30 years and brings

Miall, Chris

488

Comments on "Reinventing Social Work Accreditation"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is unlikely that Stoesz and Karger will be widely commended for the critique of social work accreditation. Social work academics do not usually handle criticism with equanimity. In some respects, their case is overstated. The problems associated with social work accreditation are not caused by the low publication productivity of social work…

Midgley, James

2009-01-01

489

East Carolina University School of Social Work  

E-print Network

East Carolina University School of Social Work Hall of Fame The School of Social Work seeks is defined as exemplary social work practice that involves those activities with and on behalf of clients and services and on the leadership and oversight of social work practice. Community development Community

490

Supplementary application information of Social Work  

E-print Network

Supplementary application information Bachelor of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Your as providing social work related services (paid and volunteer) to individuals, families, groups or communities of Social Work have an expressed commitment to the principles of education equity for groups of people who

Dawson, Jeff W.

491

University of Connecticut School of Social Work  

E-print Network

1 University of Connecticut School of Social Work FACULTY PUBLICATIONS 2009 - 2012 JOURNAL ARTICLES in Social Work, 19(1), 1-17. Cordero, A & Negroni, L. (2009). Fostering cross-cultural learning and advocacy for social justice through a cultural immersion experience in Puerto Rico. Journal of Teaching in Social Work

Alpay, S. Pamir

492

UNIVERSITY OF REGINA FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF REGINA FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK SW 448 - Social Work Practicum II Fall semester 2010. Students, with support of agency supervision, will become directly involved in social work services 469. NOTE: All students must have a minimum GPA of 70% on the social work portion of the BSW

Argerami, Martin

493

Social Work Students' Society Constitution November 2005  

E-print Network

Social Work Students' Society Constitution ­ November 2005 Preamble The Social Work Students operating out of the University of Regina's Faculty of Social Work. Mission The SWSS exists as a venue for social work students to gather and pursue common goals and interests. The SWSS shall have as an over

Argerami, Martin

494

Social Work in the Engaged University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies the importance of educating social work students and enlisting social work faculty to embrace the university-community engagement arena as a critical subfield of community practice. Through the lens of social work knowledge, values, and skills, the authors present three case studies of social workers who are working in the…

Martin, Elisa M.; Pyles, Loretta

2013-01-01

495

UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK ACADEMIC PLAN 2009 - 2014 #12;A MESSAGE FROM DEAN SALOME RAHEIM As the School of Social Work celebrates its 60th anniversary, I am pleased to present our. The University of Connecticut School of Social Work is among the top-ranked schools of social work in the nation

Holsinger, Kent

496

Faculty of Social Work Strategic Plan  

E-print Network

Faculty of Social Work Strategic Plan 2013 ­ 2018 Making a world of difference. #12;As one of the founding schools of the University of Calgary, the Faculty of Social Work is proud to join the university's largest and most successful social work schools. Our graduates leave ready to create social justice

Calgary, University of

497

Is There a Mobile Social Presence?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mobile learning environments are human networks that afford the opportunity to participate in creative endeavors, social networking, organize/reorganize social contents, and manage social acts at anytime, anywhere through mobile technologies. Social acts that elicit identities, develop awareness, cement relationships, ensure connections, and…

Tu, Chih-Hsiung; McIsaac, Marina; Sujo-Montes, Laura; Armfield, Shadow

2012-01-01

498

Corporate social performance reporting in Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate Social Reporting (CSR) assumes that the companies are socially conscious to discharge their social obligations for the well being of the society. Now business enterprises are under pressure from stakeholders to report to them, as to what extent they have been successful in protecting their interests. Thus, it is essential for them to adopt social accounting practices and report

Shahed Imam

2000-01-01

499

Enhancing Social Competence in the Music Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong social skills are vital for successful functioning in life. Social skills can affect academic success, peer relationships, family relationships, employment, and extracurricular and leisure activities. Children and adolescents who display academic, social, and behavioral deficits are at risk for both short-term and long-term negative social

Gooding, Lori

2009-01-01

500

Behavioral Plasticity: Levels of Sociality in Bees  

E-print Network

Behavioral Plasticity: Levels of Sociality in Bees Dispatch Laurent Keller The evolution of sociality was fundamental to the tremendous ecological success of humans and some insects. The degree and type of sociality varies greatly across species. A new type of social polymorphism uncovered in bees

Alvarez, Nadir