Sample records for efectos ambientales sociales

  1. EL ESTUDIO DE LA MIGRACION: RETOS PARA LA PSICOLOGIA SOCIAL y LA PSICOLOGIA AMBIENTALl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANGEL M. PACHECO; SEYMOUR WAPNER

    The challenges posed by the study of migration to environmental and social psychology are examined in light of data obtained from a study of the experiences of 22 adolesccnt retum migrants from the USA to Puerto Rico. The organismic-developmental framework was used to study migration as an exemp'ar of a critical person-in-envíronment tran- sition. The participants in the study were

  2. USO Y MANEJO DEL FERTILIZANTE ORGÁNICO GALLINAZO. EFECTOS SOBRE EL AMBIENTE Y LA SALUD DE LA POBLACIÓN RURAL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Arturo Bastidas Romero; Núcleo Universitario; Rafael Rangel-Trujillo

    2007-01-01

    Las condiciones ambientales cambian constante y rápidamente en los espacios geográficos rurales, en parte porque el hombre actúa sobre ellos aplicando innovaciones tecnológicas y sociales para beneficio propio acarreando consecuencias imprevisibles. Estos efectos imprevistos alteran la vida de los habitantes rurales, a menudo de manera desfavorable. Las perturbaciones causadas por el individuo en el espacio rural pretendiendo cambiarlo y adaptarlo

  3. LAS EVALUACIONES AMBIENTALES Y SU CONTRIBUCIÓN AL DESARROLLO LOCAL SOSTENIBLE DE LAS PEQUEÑAS COMUNIDADES DE ARGENTINA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorena G. Coria; Silvia I. Alegre; Gonzalo Valencia

    2008-01-01

    Las comunidades locales se configuran como actores estratégicos del desarrollo local. Las condiciones ambientales que acompañan el desarrollo de sus actividades sociales, económicas y culturales, afectan y se ven afectadas a partir de las formas de gestión de los “input” y “output” del sistema ambiental. Los residuos sólidos urbanos configuran una de las principales problemáticas ambientales que se identifican en

  4. DIMENSIONALIDAD DE LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL EMPRESARIAL PERCIBIDA Y SUS EFECTOS SOBRE LA IMAGEN Y LA REPUTACIÓN: UNA APROXIMACIÓN DESDE EL MODELO DE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ALEJANDRO ALVARADO HERRERA; MARÍA WALESSKA SCHLESINGER DÍAZ

    2008-01-01

    La literatura de marketing sugiere que las acciones y programas de responsabilidad social empresarial podrían mejorar la imagen y la reputación de las empresas ante los ojos de sus consumidores y ser una importante fuente de ventaja competitiva para las mismas. Sin embargo, poco se sabe acerca las percepciones de estos stakeholders al respecto y sobre sus efectos en dichas

  5. Consejos ambientales Campaas de sensibilizacin y participacin

    E-print Network

    Escolano, Francisco

    materiales plásticos al desarrollo sostenible Química para un mundo sostenible. ¿Qué hacer desde losConsejos ambientales Campañas de sensibilización y participación Movilidad sostenible Mide tu ahorrar agua Reciclaje de residuos Consumo y compra responsable Huertos sostenibles en casa (Diputación de

  6. ¨C¢mo influyen los altos directivos en las pr cticas de RSC? An lisis del efecto mediador del papel percibido de la ‚tica y la responsabilidad social

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roberto Fern ndez Gago

    2010-01-01

    Partiendo del enfoque Agencia-Stewardship, este trabajo trata de estudiar la importancia de los altos directivos para la implantaci¢n de la Responsabilidad Social Corporativa (RSC). En concreto, se propone que el perfil directivo se relaciona con las pr cticas de RSC, y que dicha relaci¢n est mediada por la relevancia concedida a la ‚tica y la responsabilidad social en la actividad

  7. CDIGO DIA HORA AULA CURSO TITULACION ASIGNATURA 2106007 06/05/2014 15:00 205, 206 Aulario III 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Geografa Humana

    E-print Network

    Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

    Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Geografía Humana 2106008 08/05/2014 9:00 005, 006 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Historia Cultural e Instituciones de España y Europa 2106006 09/05/2014 9:00 005, 006 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Biología I 2106021 12/05/2014 15:00 102, 103 Laboratorio III 1

  8. CDIGO DIA HORA AULA CURSO TITULACION ASIGNATURA 2106003 16/12/2013 9:00 003, 004 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Matemticas

    E-print Network

    Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

    Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Matemáticas 2106005 18/12/2013 9:00 106, 107 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Principios Jurídicos Básicos, Deontología Profesional e Igualdad 2106001 08/01/2014 9:00 003 Aulario II 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Geología 2106002 10/01/2014 15:00 203 Aulario III 1

  9. Esteban G. Jobbgy y Marcelo D. Nosetto Grupo de Estudios Ambientales -IMASL-CONICET & Departamento de Agronoma -

    E-print Network

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    151 Esteban G. Jobbágy y Marcelo D. Nosetto Grupo de Estudios Ambientales - IMASL la demanda del cultivo. En este caso mayores ascensos no provocan cambios en los rendimientos, que ya disponibilidad de algunos nutrientes, y en casos más extremos dificultades de piso para las labores. Las

  10. La valoraciòn econòmica de bienes y servicios ambientales como herramienta estrategica para la conservaciòn y uso sostenible de los ecosistemas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ADOLFO CARBAL HERRERA

    2010-01-01

    Resumen El trabajo corresponde a un estudio piloto hacia la implementación de una metodología que permita aproximar el valor monetario de los Bienes y Servicios Ambientales (BSA) ofertados por un ecosistema hídrico, caso “Ciénaga de la Caimanera, municipio de Coveñas, departamento de Sucre-Colombia”, como herramienta estratégica para incentivar la conservación y uso sostenible de los ecosistemas. Avanzar en procesos de

  11. Determinacion de periodos fundamentales del suelo mediante vibraciones ambientales en el municipio de Humacao, Puerto Rico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cintron Aponte, Rommel

    La tecnica de Nakamura ha sido utilizada a nivel mundial para determinar periodos fundamentales del suelo. La tecnica consiste en calcular y graficar cocientes espectrales H/V de vibraciones ambientales registradas sobre el suelo. Mediciones de vibraciones ambientales fueron tomadas en 151 lugares dentro del municipio de Humacao, localizado al este de Puerto Rico. Los datos se procesaron utilizando espectros de Fourier y espectros de potencia. La tecnica fue validada al compararla con los resultados de cocientes espectrales H/V de registros de sismos debiles y tambien con una modelacion numerica realizada con datos de un ensayo "downhole". Las graficas de los cocientes espectrales H/V fueron divididas en casos y grupos, los cuales dependen de la facilidad para identificar el periodo fundamental pico y amplitudes en frecuencias menores de 1 Hz, respectivamente. Los resultados obtenidos con ambos espectros fueron comparados y se concluye que los mismos se complementan para proveer resultados mas confiables. Se crearon mapas de periodos fundamentales, factores de amplitud, isoperiodos y clasificacion sismica de sitio. Los mapas de isoperiodos fueron realizados en las zonas mas pobladas sobre depositos de suelo. El mapa de periodos fundamentales del suelo mostro buena correlacion con la geologia local. El mapa de clasificacion sismica derivado de periodos de sitio fue comparado con el mapa de clasificacion sismica derivado de barrenos geotecnicos. El mapa de clasificacion obtenido de periodos puede sobreestimar un poco algunas clasificaciones del suelo. Sin embargo, este mapa puede proveer un estimado aproximado de la velocidad de onda de corte promedio del suelo hasta una profundidad de 100 pies (30 metros).

  12. Consejo Social Consejo Social

    E-print Network

    Escolano, Francisco

    Consejo Social Consejo Social Edificio Rectorado 1ª planta Apartado de Correos 99 E_03080 Alicante del Consejo Social curso 2011/2012 (Publicada 12/03/2013) Publicación de la Memoria del Consejo Social organizada por el Consejo Social de la Universidad de Alicante el 14 de febrero de 2013. Becas Colaboración

  13. Social Graphs Social Graphs

    E-print Network

    Bar-Noy, Amotz

    Algorithms Social Graphs Algorithms #12;Social Graphs Definition I: A social graph contains all. Two vertices with no edge between them are enemies. Definition II: In a social graph with n vertices itself, then the following is a sub-coloring of the graph: Algorithms 6 #12;Statement V Theorem: A social

  14. Social Networks, Social Media, Social Change

    E-print Network

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    CHAPTER XX Social Networks, Social Media, Social Change Jürgen Pfeffer, Kathleen M. Carley Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, USA jpfeffer@cs.cmu.edu, kathleen.carley@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT Social Media. In particular, the Arab Spring 2011 has been heralded as a social media based social transformation

  15. El Universal -Ciencia -Factores ambientales influyen en esquizofrenia http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/articulos/73922.html[10/9/2012 1:33:17 PM

    E-print Network

    El Universal - Ciencia - Factores ambientales influyen en esquizofrenia http internet o llame al 5237-0800Twitter Facebook RSS El Universal Suplementos Ciencia Twittear 9 Enviar por la muerte de "El Lazca": Marina Habría caído 'El Lazca', el 'zeta' máximo Autopistas Ciencia Destinos

  16. LA GLOBALIZACIÓN, LA RESPONSABILIDAD SOCIAL Y EL CAPITALISMO

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hernán Murdock

    2008-01-01

    La globalización ha cambiado de manera radical la administración de empresas. Aunque el capitalismo como fuerza impulsora de la globalización ha sido criticado por la desigualdad económica y otros efectos negativos que han surgido, no es incompatible con la responsabilidad social empresarial. Muchos aceptan que es importante evaluar a las empresas no solo en cuanto a los resultados financieros obtenidos,

  17. Social Phobia (SocialAnxiety

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    anxiety disorder. national institute of mental Health U.S. Department of HealtH anD HUman ServiceS national institutes of Health #12;Social Phobia (SocialAnxiety Disorder) What is social phobia? Social. People with social phobia are afraid of doing common things in front of other people. For example

  18. Social Epidemiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarani Chandola; Michael Marmot

    Social epidemiology has been defined as the branch of epidemiology that studies the social distribution and social determinants\\u000a of health (Berkman and Kawachi 2000). As all aspects of human life are inextricably bound within the context of social relations,\\u000a every conceivable epidemiological exposure is related to social factors. In this broad sense, all epidemiology is social epidemiology\\u000a (Kaufman and Cooper

  19. Social psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Floyd H. Allport

    1920-01-01

    Slowly but surely, social psychology is coming into its own as the study of the social behavior of the individual. Many writers are noting, and some are investigating, social stimulus and response, and the specific effect of a social environment upon individual reaction. In spite of the persistent speculative essays of the old school, the trend is encouragingly toward observation

  20. Social economics and social capital

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe Wallis; Paul Killerby; Brian Dollery

    2004-01-01

    This paper evaluates key developments in the social capital literature over the past decade. It then examines empirical work on the purported the link between social capital and economic performance. Although these results indicate that good governance and social cohesion make a measurable contribution to economic development, the offer little guidance for policy formulation. Early contributors to the social capital

  1. Social Work and Applied Social Studies

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate 1 #12;www.bath.ac.uk/sps Undergraduate Social Work and Applied Social Studies What is Social Work? `The social work profession promotes social change' (International Federation of Social Workers, 2000) Social work is an exceptionally interesting, challenging

  2. Para muchos jóvenes supervivientes de cáncer, los efectos tardíos representan problemas duraderos

    Cancer.gov

    Muchos adolescentes y adultos jóvenes supervivientes de cáncer no saben o subestiman el alto riesgo que tienen de sufrir efectos tardíos en su salud. Hay esfuerzos en marcha para aumentar la concientización y la vigilancia de estos efectos tardíos.

  3. Social Learning in Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Lamberson, Peter John

    This paper analyzes a model of social learning in a social network. Agents decide whether or not to adopt a new technology with unknown payoffs based on their prior beliefs and the experiences of their neighbors in the ...

  4. Social isolation.

    PubMed

    Cacioppo, John T; Hawkley, Louise C; Norman, Greg J; Berntson, Gary G

    2011-08-01

    Social species, by definition, form organizations that extend beyond the individual. These structures evolved hand in hand with behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced. Social isolation represents a lens through which to investigate these behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms. Evidence from human and nonhuman animal studies indicates that isolation heightens sensitivity to social threats (predator evasion) and motivates the renewal of social connections. The effects of perceived isolation in humans share much in common with the effects of experimental manipulations of isolation in nonhuman social species: increased tonic sympathetic tonus and HPA activation; and decreased inflammatory control, immunity, sleep salubrity, and expression of genes regulating glucocorticoid responses. Together, these effects contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality in older adults. PMID:21651565

  5. PROGRAMA PARA LA VERIFICACION DE LA TECNOLOGIA AMBIENTAL - CULTIVANDO ASOCIACIONES PARA EL INCREMENTO DE LAS SELECCIONES DE TECNOLOGIAS AMBIENTALES A LOS SECTORES PUBLICO Y PRIVADO EN LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS Y EN EL EXTERIOR (EPA/600/F-97/005A)

    EPA Science Inventory

    La meta del ETV es verificar, a travs de una evaluacin de informacin objectiva y de calidad, las caracteristicas del desempeo de tecnologas comerciales ambientales. As el ETV proporciona a los compradores y los licenciadores potenciales una valoracin imparcial y creble d...

  6. 2006] SUSANA BORRS PENTINAT: REFUGIADOS AMBIENTALES... 85Revista de Derecho Vol. XIX -N 2 -Diciembre 2006 Pginas 85-108 * Doctora en Derecho. Profesora de Derecho Internacional Pblico y de Relaciones Internacionales,

    E-print Network

    Espigares, Tíscar

    2006] SUSANA BORRàS PENTINAT: REFUGIADOS AMBIENTALES... 85Revista de Derecho Vol. XIX - Nº 2 - Diciembre 2006 Páginas 85-108 * Doctora en Derecho. Profesora de Derecho Internacional Público y de NUEVO DESAFíO DEL DERECHO INTERNACIONAL DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE Susana Borràs Pentinat* Resumen El presente

  7. of Social Work and Social Policy

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    School of Social Work and Social Policy School M.Sc. in Disability Studies #12;The M and benefit from the input of the different academic centres involved in the M.Sc. including: Social Work Dublin) School of Social Work and Social Policy School of Social Work and Social Policy #12;Two options

  8. Social Work and Applied Social Studies

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate #12;Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences 2, social policy, international development and social work. Many of our staff are at the forefront Guide 2015, for example, social work at Bath is ranked 1st, sociology 2nd, social policy 3rd. Bath

  9. Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Cam, Ed.

    This document contains the following papers on social studies instruction and technology: (1) "Waking the Sleeping Giant: Social Studies Teacher Educators Collaborate To Integrate Technology into Methods' Courses" (Cheryl Mason, Marsha Alibrandi, Michael Berson, Kara Dawson, Rich Diem, Tony Dralle, David Hicks, Tim Keiper, and John Lee); (2)…

  10. Political Socialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torney-Purta, Judith

    Past research on political socialization has failed to provide clear implications for educational policy or practice. However, reconceptualizing that research using a framework derived from cognitive psychology can reveal relationships between political socialization and education not previously seen. In this reconceptualization, schema or…

  11. Social Revolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt

    2007-01-01

    MySpace and Facebook may have been pioneers in the world of social software, but nowadays, colleges and universities across the country are embracing better and more targeted forms of technology, to enable their campus users to interact. Today, the world of social software includes traditional venues and formats: (1) blogs; (2) wikis; and (3)…

  12. Social genetics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Scott

    1977-01-01

    Most behavior is expressed within social systems, and the genetic analysis of its variance therefore presents theoretical and technical problems that have been sidestepped in most previous research. The dog presents obvious advantages for studying behavioral interactions between genotypes. Two sets of data are summarized that indicate that the magnitude of genetic differences is related to the differentiation of social

  13. Social Phobia

    MedlinePLUS

    ... answer in class, reading aloud, or giving a presentation. Someone with social phobia might feel too nervous to ask a question in class or go to a teacher for help. Missing a chance to share their talents and learn new skills. Social phobia might prevent someone from auditioning for ...

  14. Social Indicators

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bolton, Paul.

    The House of Commons Library Research Papers are published for the benefit of Parliament members, but this one should be of interest to both researchers and general readers wanting to learn more about contemporary British social issues. Social Indicators is the first paper in a new series that will be published three times a year. The 71-page paper includes a wide range of topic pages that present social statistics on a variety of issues, from the prison population to defense expenses to agricultural outputs. Each Social Indicator paper will also offer feature articles that give a closer look at specific subjects (in this instance,, election turnout and adult literacy) and an article on statistical sources for a particular issue (in this paper, social security statistics). The last few pages are devoted to a list of important, recent governmental statistical publications.

  15. Social Pollution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esser, Aristide Henri

    1971-01-01

    Social pollution provides the matrix for the pollution of the physical environment. This stems from man's present inability to function synergistically. To find new freedoms in purposeful evolution, we will have to start cleansing our Mind. (Author/SD)

  16. Social Work 0 -1 Social Work Today

    E-print Network

    Jones, Graeme A.

    School of Social Work #12;Contents 0 - 1 Social Work Today 2 - 3 The World of Social Work 4 - 11 standards that govern their social work practice. Typical service users include: G Children and families people with health and social care needs. Social work is difficult and challenging: it demands maturity

  17. Social Nets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Csermely, Peter

    This is not only the time to get down to work, as I noted at the end of the last chapter, but also a time to thank you for your patience in coming along with me on this trip to Netland. We have reached an important point. We are just about to rise above ourselves. In the last chapter, we surveyed some of the networks in our body, and in this chapter the same body will be an element of a larger network, the social net. The current chapter will give me a good opportunity to understand my obsession with building social networks.

  18. College of Social Work SW Social Work

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    College of Social Work SW Social Work KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped) Introduction to social welfare concepts and philosophies. Examination of the profession of social work and its will be studied. Required of social work majors and recommended it be taken the first year. SW 222 DEVELOPMENT

  19. Social Intelligence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cronin, Blaise; Davenport, Elisabeth

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the concept of social intelligence (SI), including its history and contexts in which it may be valid; assesses SI from the perspectives of information management, information policy, and information economics; reviews tools and techniques associated with SI, including networks, hypermedia, and connectionism; and considers education and…

  20. Social Networks\\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmad A. Al-Daraiseh; Afnan S. Al-Joudi; Hanan B. Al-Gahtani; Maha S. Al-Qahtani

    2014-01-01

    Privacy breaches and Identity Theft cases are increasing at an alarming rate. Social Networking Sites (SN’s) are making it worse. Facebook (FB), Twitter and other SN’s offer attackers a wide and easily accessible platform. Privacy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is extremely important due to cultural beliefs besides the other typical reasons. In this research we comprehensively cover

  1. Socials Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raths, David

    2013-01-01

    Eric Sheninger, the principal at New Milford High School in Bergen County, NJ, is well-known in ed tech circles as an evangelist for the use of web 2.0 tools in K-12 education. New Milford has made collaboration a pillar of its educational platform, and Sheninger believes that social media helps students learn how to collaborate. In fact, he…

  2. Social Hosting

    MedlinePLUS

    Do you know the social hosting laws in your state? One often hears parents say, "I’d rather have my kid and his friends drinking in my house rather ... about allowing underage drinking? And what does the law say about parents’ legal liability if an underage ...

  3. Social Mechanisms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Hedström; Richard Swedberg

    1996-01-01

    In this article it is argued that the search for 'social mechanisms' is of crucial importance for the development of sociological theory. With this concept - which is occasionally used in the sociological literature but has received little systematic attention - attention is called to an intermediary level of analysis in-between pure description and story- telling, on the one hand,

  4. Connectibles : tangible social networking

    E-print Network

    Kalanithi, Jeevan James

    2007-01-01

    This thesis presents "Connectibles," an instantiation of a tangible social network, a new type of social network application rooted in physical objects and real world social behavior. This research is inspired by social ...

  5. Social Geography

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The open-access journal "Social Geography" is primarily concerned with "the interrelation of society, practice and space and its implications for every day-life, social and environmental policy or economic practice." The journal was started in 2005, and visitors with an interest in human geography or sociology will appreciate their offerings. Users can start by reading through the "General Information" section, then looking over their submission guidelines. After that, visitors will want to click on over to the "Online Library SG" area, where they can read final papers and also search all of the submitted papers by title and author. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive email alerts and RSS feeds.

  6. Social neuroendocrinology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sari M. van Anders; Neil V. Watson

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we provide a critical review of research concerned with social\\/environmental mechanisms that modulate human\\u000a neuroendocrine function. We survey research in four behavioral systems that have been shaped through evolution: competition,\\u000a partnering, sex, and pregnancy\\/parenting. Generally, behavioral neuroendocrine research examines how hormones affect behavior.\\u000a Instead, we focus on approaches that emphasize the effects of behavioral states on hormones

  7. Social Science Department BA SOCIAL SCIENCE

    E-print Network

    Su, Xiao

    Social Science Department BA SOCIAL SCIENCE SINGLE SUBJECT MATTER PREPARATION States HIST 187 U.S. Social History California History HIST 189A/B California Since 1900 6 Geography GEOG Theory and Practice in the Social Sciences 3 Total Units 51 02/2010 #12;

  8. Social Awareness Concepts to Support Social Computing

    E-print Network

    Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

    Social Awareness Concepts to Support Social Computing Andry Rakotonirainy Centre for Accident:p.obst@qut.edu.au Abstract--Our social life is characterised by norms that man- ifest as attitudinal and behavioural uniformities among people. With greater awareness about our social context, we can interact more efficiently

  9. bilan social = 2011 2 bilan social = 2011

    E-print Network

    bilan social = 2011 #12;2 bilan social = 2011 1 = LES EMPLOIS SUR BUDGET ETAT 4 1 = 1 Ens = 2 Les modalités de service et taux d'activité 27/28 SOMMAIRE #12;3bilan social = 2011 3 = 2 lEs a Commissions Paritaire d'Etablissement 54 SOMMAIRE #12;4 bilan social = 2011 LESEMPLOISSURBUDGETETAT 1 1= 1 Ens

  10. Social Security and Social Welfare Indicators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ida C. Merriam

    1978-01-01

    The proportion of its total resources that a society devotes to social welfare is a useful general measure related to social policy. In fiscal 1976, the United States spent 21 percent of Gross National Product (GNP) for public social welfare programs, including health and education as well as social insurance (the largest segment) and assistance. Program developments, inflation, population growth,

  11. Social Networks and Social Influences in Adolescence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cotterell, John

    Young people are concerned with making and keeping friends, and they invest a great deal of energy in group social life to do so. This book charts the interactions of young people both in and out of school and the role of peers and friends in strengthening social attachments and in establishing social identities. It describes how social identities…

  12. What is ‘social’ about social science?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Urry; Robert Dingwall; Ian Gough; Paul Ormerod; Doreen Massey; John Scott; Nigel Thrift

    2007-01-01

    This is a report on an Academy of Social Sciences debate held on 15 March 2006. The debate concerned the nature, character and development of the social sciences. Four leading social scientists were asked to reflect upon the nature of the social sciences in the light of various transformations in both intellectual thought and in those processes that seem to

  13. Social work BA (Hons) in Social Work

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Social work Essentials Course BA (Hons) in Social Work (3 years full time. Part-time route, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited to contact the admissions tutor their basic IT competence and their personal suitability to enter the social work profession in line

  14. Social Work Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work Social work engages with individuals, families, communities and societies to improve and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork A Bachelor of Social Work degree can lead to careers and advocacy associations. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

  15. SOCIAL WORK Strategic Plan

    E-print Network

    COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Strategic Plan College of Social Work The Ohio State University 2012............................................................................................ 16 #12;i Dear Friends of the College of Social Work: It is a pleasure to share with you the 2012 College of Social Work strategic plan. Our plan builds upon the long tradition of exceptional social work

  16. Social Withdrawal in Childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth H. Rubin; Robert J. Coplan; Julie C. Bowker

    2009-01-01

    Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes,

  17. Religious Education and Socialization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeer, Paul

    2010-01-01

    This article considers Religious Education (RE) from the perspective of socialization theory. After clarifying the concept of socialization, an understanding of socialization processes, requiring the simultaneous development of both a personal and a social identity, is linked with RE. The development of both a personal and a social identity calls…

  18. Social theory and social class.

    PubMed

    Susser, I

    1997-01-01

    Concepts of class developed with the emergence of industrial society in the nineteenth century. For an understanding of current divisions, theories must reflect the advances of capitalism and the global economy that characterize the late twentieth century. In industrialized societies, reductions in the industrial workforce and the growth of finance, investment and real-estate industries worldwide have produced a new, largely female, service workforce. Large sectors of industry have departed in search of cheaper labour in poorer countries, which also have a rising number of women workers. In those areas, as a result, a new industrial workforce has emerged. Concomitantly, accumulation of land in less developed agricultural regions for production for the world market has led to an increase in mobile agricultural labour and a shift of landless labourers to the cities of less developed countries. In addition, both upward and downward mobility have occurred for individuals and groups in specific populations, as well as for particular diseases in developed and less developed countries. All these processes have precipitated fundamental changes in class, gender and family relationships and transformed the living conditions of populations in both developed and less developed societies. These changes have major implications for the patterns of health and disease in the world today. Objective measures of social change may be difficult to construct and use in epidemiological cancer research. Since questions of class and shifting social relations are directly implicated in the patterns of disease, they must be assessed in future research as accurately as possible. PMID:9353662

  19. Socialism in High School Social Studies Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This article concerns textbook analysis regarding the presentation of socialism in four leading high school social studies books, one in each of the following subjects: United States history, world history, United States government, and economics. Findings indicate that students relying on these texts to gain understanding of socialism and…

  20. Social Media QMUL Digital Communications Strategy Social Media

    E-print Network

    Chittka, Lars

    Social Media ­ QMUL Digital Communications Strategy 1 Social Media QMUL Social Media Strategy provides staff with a framework for using social media. The strategy will be reviewed in July 2013. Social media rationale QMUL

  1. Social Change: Nader Style

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Patricia

    1977-01-01

    The connection between social work and public interest work is examined and an attempt is reported to synthesize the two disciplines in a class for undergraduate social welfare majors. Ralph Nader's approach to social change provides a model for social workers. (Author/LBH)

  2. SOCIAL PLANNING Designing the

    E-print Network

    Redmiles, David F.

    SOCIAL PLANNING Designing the Evolving Artifact In chapter 5 I surveyed some of the modern tools their utopias in books- Plato, Sir Thomas More, Marx. Others sought to realize their plans by social revolution efforts to design on the scale of whole #12;162 Social Planning Social Planning 163 societies. We ask, "If

  3. Social Search! Peter Brusilovsky

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Social Search! Peter Brusilovsky School of Information Sciences University of Pittsburgh, USA #12;Search Navigation Recommendation Content-based Semantics / Metadata Social Where we are? #12;What is Social Search? · Social Information Access ­ a stream of research that explores methods for organizing

  4. Social Search! Peter Brusilovsky

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    1! Social Search! Peter Brusilovsky School of Information Sciences University of Pittsburgh, USA What is Social Search? · Social Information Access ­ a stream of research that explores methods), in order to provide better access to information to the future users of the system · Social Search: a set

  5. Social Software Rohit Parikh

    E-print Network

    Parikh, Rohit

    Social Software Rohit Parikh City University of New York Departments of Computer Science that the issue of constructing and verifying social procedures, which we suggestively call social software" is used. In this passage from the Philosophical Investigations Wittgenstein is describing a social

  6. Social Media Perry Cantarutti

    E-print Network

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Social Media Perry Cantarutti Senior Vice President Europe, Middle East and Africa Northwestern, INC. Delta's Presence in Social Media · @Delta, @DeltaNewsRoom and @DeltaAssist · Real time customer LINES, INC. When is a message right for a social medium? 4 Is it right for social media? What value does

  7. Counseling and Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunsaker, Robert C.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author expands on "The Scandal of Social Work Education," a National Association of Scholars study documenting the commitment to left-wing "social justice" in social work programs at ten major public institutions. He presents a critical exploration of social justice ideology in academic and professional mental health training…

  8. Children's Social Identities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Mark

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides a brief overview of recent developmental research on themes related to children's social identities. Initially, consideration is given to the capacity for social categorization, following which attention is given to children's developing conceptions of social identities, their identification with social groups, and the…

  9. Social Insect Networks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer Fewell (Arizona State University; School of Life Sciences)

    2003-09-26

    Social insect colonies have many of the properties of adaptive networks. The simple rules governing how local interactions among individuals translate into group behaviors are found across social groups, giving social insects the potential to have a profound impact on our understanding of the interplay between network dynamics and social evolution.

  10. Smoking and Social Interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panu Poutvaaray; Lars-H. R. Siemers

    2007-01-01

    We study the social interaction of non-smokers and smokers as a sequential game, incorporating insights from social psychology and experimental economics into an economic model. Social norms affect human behavior such that non-smokers do not ask smokers to stop smoking and stay with them, even though disutility from smoking exceeds utility from social interaction. Overall, smoking is unduly often accepted

  11. Smoking and social interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panu Poutvaara; Lars-H. R. Siemers

    2008-01-01

    We study the social interaction of non-smokers and smokers as a sequential game, incorporating insights from social psychology and experimental economics into an economic model. Social norms affect human behavior such that non-smokers do not ask smokers in their midst to stop smoking, even though the disutility from smoking exceeds the utility from social interaction. Overall, the level of smoking

  12. Engineering Social Order

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristiano Castelfranchi

    2000-01-01

    Social Order becomes a major problem in MAS and in computer mediated human interaction. After explaining the notions of Social Order and Social Control, I claim that there are multiple and complementary approaches to Social Order and to its engineering: all of them must be exploited. In computer science one try to solve this problem by rigid formalisation and rules,

  13. Semantic Social Network Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guillaume Erétéo; Fabien L. Gandon; Olivier Corby; Michel Buffa

    2009-01-01

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) tries to understand and exploit the key features of social networks in order to manage their life cycle and predict their evolution. Increasingly popular web 2.0 sites are forming huge social network. Classical methods from social network analysis (SNA) have been applied to such online networks. In this paper, we propose leveraging semantic web technologies to

  14. Efectos de la irradiación iónica en hielos de moléculas carbonadas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satorre, M. A.

    En Astrofísica podemos encontrar numerosos contextos en los cuales se observan moléculas en estado sólido que, en condiciones estándar de presión y temperatura, se encontrarían como gases o líquidos. Dichas moléculas se denominan hielos y han sido observadas en nubes densas del medio interestelar, en envolturas circumestelares, en satélites del Sistema Solar, en cometas, etc. Los hielos pueden ser alterados en su composición química debido a diversos factores como por ejemplo variaciones de temperatura o aportes energéticos por parte de la irradiación, ya sea tanto de fotones ultravioleta como de iones. Dependiendo del escenario astrofísico que analicemos, unos factores cobran más importancia que otros. Los experimentos de laboratorio muestran el efecto que produce sobre la composición de los hielos la irradiación iónica, en particular sobre los que contenían alguna molécula con átomos de carbono. Dicha composición se analiza con espectroscopía IR en el rango de 2 a ˜ 25? m. La aplicabilidad de los resultados de los experimentos es distinta dependiendo de la composición química inicial de los hielos, del tipo de ion utilizado y de la dosis total de irradiación. Existen efectos generales de la irradiación sobre la materia en los experimentos de relevancia astrofísica como son: - la formación de nuevas moléculas, que pueden incluir o no el ion incidente; - la progresiva pérdida de hidrógeno (carbonización) cuando irradiamos muestras que originalmente contienen una determinada relación carbono/hidrógeno; - la variación de la temperatura de sublimación que presentan algunos hielos. Esto puede suceder tanto en hielos que estaban presentes antes de la irradiación como en hielos formados por ésta. Se presentará el papel del ion en la formación de nuevas moléculas a partir de las que originalmente se encontraban en el hielo. Al penetrar en él, el ion provoca distintos procesos como rotura de enlaces y excitaciones electrónicas. En la mayor parte de los casos las especies producidas por la rotura del enlace, se recombinan volviendo a formar la molécula original. Sin embargo un pequeño porcentaje es capaz de formar nuevas moléculas. Si el ion queda implantado en el hielo y es reactivo (H+, C+,ldots) podría formar parte de una molécula nueva que incorpora un átomo que inicialmente no se encontraba presente en el hielo. También se presentará un contraejemplo para demostrar que no es posible asegurar que siempre que implantemos un ion reactivo, éste formará parte de nuevas moléculas en la mezcla. También se presentará la formación de nuevas moléculas a partir de la irradiación de hielos de metano, que llevan a la formación de otros compuestos como acetileno, eteno, etano,... en los cuales la relación C/H ha variado. Además de estos compuestos se forma también un residuo carbonoso (refractario) que es estable a temperatura ambiente y cuya composición química no es bien conocida. Por último, el aumento de la temperatura de sublimación es también una consecuencia de la irradiación, aunque la magnitud del aumento depende de la mezcla original y de la irradiación sufrida. Existen moléculas que llegan a variar su temperatura de sublimación en decenas de grados. Para el caso de moléculas carbonadas se forman especies por irradiación que son estables a temperatura ambiente. Con todo ello se muestra que los experimentos de laboratorio pueden ayudarnos a comprender la formación, destrucción y variación de las propiedades físicas de los hielos de interés astrofísico con la irradiación.

  15. Social cognition in schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Pinkham, Amy E

    2014-01-01

    The topic of social cognition has attracted considerable interest in schizophrenia over the last several years. This construct generally refers to the detection, processing, and utilization of social information and, within the field of schizophrenia, includes several skills such as recognizing emotion, understanding the thoughts and intentions of others, and interpreting social cues. Individuals with schizophrenia show significant impairments in social cognition, and these impairments are strongly related to functional outcome. Treating social cognition yields significant improvements in real-world outcomes, including social functioning and social skill. Importantly, social cognitive abilities are linked to specific neural circuits that have been shown to be abnormal in individuals with schizophrenia. Investigations of these neural networks in patients have also demonstrated that brain activation is significantly correlated with social functioning, which suggests that abnormal activation in social cognitive networks may serve as a mechanism for social dysfunction in schizophrenia. Among the many challenges in this area is the issue of measurement. There is disagreement about which tasks best measure social cognition and many existing measures show poor psychometric properties. A recent project, called the Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study, aims to address these problems by providing the field with a well-validated battery of social cognitive tasks that can be used in treatment outcome trials. Research is honing in on the potential mechanisms of social cognitive impairment in patients, and with improved measurement, there is promise for optimizing behavioral and pharmacologic interventions and remediation strategies. PMID:24919166

  16. Parental Socialization of Emotion

    PubMed Central

    Cumberland, Amanda; Spinrad, Tracy L.

    2006-01-01

    Recently, there has been a resurgence of research on emotion, including the socialization of emotion. In this article, a heuristic model of factors contributing to the socialization of emotion is presented. Then literature relevant to the socialization of children’s emotion and emotion-related behavior by parents is reviewed, including (a) parental reactions to children’s emotions, (b) socializers’ discussion of emotion, and (c) socializers’ expression of emotion. The relevant literature is not conclusive and most of the research is correlational. However, the existing body of data provides initial support for the view that parental socialization practices have effects on children’s emotional and social competence and that the socialization process is bidirectional. In particular, parental negative emotionality and negative reactions to children’s expression of emotion are associated with children’s negative emotionality and low social competence. In addition, possible moderators of effects such as level of emotional arousal are discussed. PMID:16865170

  17. Modelo analítico del efecto de PRS sobre satélites GPS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meza, A.; Brunini, C.; Usandivaras, J. C.

    El sistema GPS (Global Position System) es, hoy en día, la herramienta de navegación y posicionamiento más potente y lo será sin duda en la próxima década. Gran parte de su valiosa utilidad se debe a la alta precisión que permite lograr y ésta, a su vez, depende, entre otras causas, de la precisión con que se conocen las órbitas de los satélites. La presión de radiación solar (PRS) fija el límite de la precisión con que pueden calcularse en la actualidad las efemérides satelitarias. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer una mejor resolución de este fenómeno. El modelo analítico aquí presentado, se basa en el análisis del comportamiento de los residuos de un ajuste por mínimos cuadrados en el que se utiliza el modelo de PRS propuesto por Beutler. El mismo consiste en un modelo determinista del fenómeno con dos parámetros libres. Los resultados obtenidos ponen de manifiesto que, aún después de aplicar dichos parámetros, prevalecen en los residuos efectos semidiurnos en las componentes radial,tangencial y normal. Estos resultados obtenidos se comparan con los de un trabajo desarrollado por el Instituto de Berne (Beutler et al., 1994), en el que se utilizaron como pseudo-observaciones las órbitas precisas del IGS (CODE). El intervalo de integración escogido por este centro fueron las semanas 680 y 681. En resumen se tienen arcos de 14 días para todos los satélites, donde las efemérides precisas de los mismos para los 14 días fueron utilizados como pseudo-observaciones. El modelo de fuerza que empleó dicho centro fue básicamente el tradicional en lo que respecta al modelo de las fuerzas gravitacionales, y para la PRS utilizo el modelo standard de Beutler. Los parámetros de este modelo junto con las 6 condiciones iniciales (posición y velocidad) fueron ajustados por el método general de mínimos cuadrados. Los residuos en la componente radial, tangencial y normal, para los satélites con un buen comportamiento, presentan una componente semidiurna. El modelo analítico planteado en este trabajo, predice el comportamiento de los residuos que se observan en las publicaciones más recientes. Esto abre el camino para plantear una estimación distinta de las incógnitas del problema, basado en el método de colocación por mínimos cuadrados. Ello requiere modelar estadísticamente la señal debida a las componentes de la PRS que no son tomadas en cuenta en el modelo determinista.

  18. The Social Cognitions of Socially Withdrawn Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichmann, Cherami; Coplan, Robert J.; Daniels, Tina

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the social cognitions of peer-identified socially withdrawn children. Participants included 457 children from grades four, five and six (54% females, 46% males). Children completed a selection of self- and peer-report measures including: (1) peer-rated behavioral nominations; (2) hostile intent biases and…

  19. Reading Politics: Social Theory and Social Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Beilharz

    1987-01-01

    Arguments within social theory have only recently been brought to bear on social policy or policy analysis. This paper sketches some of the principles of structuralism and hermeneutics, and argues that these traditions can help us better to read policy. Several recent examples of Government and alternative policy are then analysed in order to illustrate the critical claims advanced. The

  20. Social Marketing: Changingbehaviour

    E-print Network

    | 1 Social Marketing: Changingbehaviour forgood 20143DayMasterclass #12;2 | Enquiries 1800 246 446 Social Marketing: Changingbehaviourforgood Sustainability requires government, businesses and individuals smoking, volunteer and more? Research has shown that simply providing information is not sufficient

  1. Social Policy Research Unit (SPR) Faculty of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Argerami, Martin

    Social Policy Research Unit (SPR) Faculty of Social Work University of Regina A presentation by ROB seeks to secure federal leadership to combat poverty and ensure social security in Canada. Ottawa-4117 or social.policy@uregina.ca> #12;

  2. SPONTANEOUS SOCIAL ORDERS†

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MILAN ZELENY

    1985-01-01

    As the results of man-engineered experiments with social design, social “revolution”, socialist “architectures”, and other feats of “social engineering”, are crumbling down, they are causing large-scale human suffering through their failures. There is a renewed awareness that self-organizing and spontaneous properties of complex social systems are much too powerful (and much too vulnerable at the same lime) to respond or

  3. Social Networking? Secure Networking?

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Social Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12 ­ The intent behind the current security measures in place at OHSU ­ The OHSU Social Networking Guidelines 2. To begin a campus wide dialogue exploring the changing world of online social networking and it

  4. BILAN SOCIAL [Texte

    E-print Network

    Sart, Remi

    BILAN SOCIAL 2011 > #12;#12;3) #12;B) 3) 4) #12;§ § § #12;#12;#12;#12;[Texte] L'UBP EN BREF SERVICE DE MÉDECINE DE PRÉVENTION M.-C. Ratinaud SERVICE COMMUN D'ACTION SOCIALE D. Sargos SERVICE DE. Bachelery ÉCOLES DOCTORALES LETTRES, SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES E. Lysoe SCIENCES FONDAMENTALES P

  5. Social Navigation Peter Brusilovsky

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    1/13/10 1 Social Navigation Peter Brusilovsky School of Information Sciences University are in Japanese Social Navigation in Real World "...without knowing much, we joined the longest existing queue Social Navigation in Real Life What would you do...? · Walking by the cinema you feel like watching

  6. Social Navigation Peter Brusilovsky

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    3/21/12! 1! Social Navigation Peter Brusilovsky School of Information Sciences University are in Japanese! Social Navigation in Real World ...without knowing much, we joined the longest existing queue! Social Navigation in Real Life What would you do...? · Walking by the cinema you feel like watching

  7. Social Networks Ulrik Brandes

    E-print Network

    Brandes, Ulrik

    26 Social Networks Ulrik Brandes University of Konstanz Linton C. Freeman University of California, Irvine Dorothea Wagner Karlsruhe Institute of Technology 26.1 Social Network Analysis 26.2 Visualization · Cohesion · Two-mode networks · Dynamics 26.4 Trends and Challenges Social networks provide a rich source

  8. Social Policy for Cyborgs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TONY FITZPATRICK

    1999-01-01

    Although the body has become of increasing importance throughout the social sciences, it has been neglected by the discipline of social policy. The aim of this article is to rectify that neglect. It argues that the connections which some have begun to make between social welfare and the body can be strengthened by reference to the figure of the cyborg.

  9. Leadership as Social Validation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Ann Weaver

    Successful leaders interact with group members and draw on their skills and knowledge. This paper examines some principles of interaction and socialization that support a view of effective leadership in schools--that of leadership as social validation. Inherent in the principal's job description is the tension between organizational socialization

  10. Effective Elementary Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoge, John Douglas

    This book advocates providing high-quality K-6 social studies instruction. The text provides practical information on how teachers can conduct high-quality social studies programs in their classrooms. The volume is divided into three parts. Part 1 offers an overview of the formal and informal social studies curriculum, its history, current status,…

  11. Reconceiving Social Foundations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bredo, Eric

    1993-01-01

    Discusses Tozer's position paper on the social foundations of education (SFE), relating SFE more strongly to teachers' public rather than their private problems, suggesting a different approach to the relation of liberal arts theory and educational practice that is less driven by vocational concerns, and examining social relationships and social

  12. Social Media. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    The growing use of social media by students and adults is impacting schools. A recent Pew study found that 73% of teens use social-networking sites to connect with others. Social media includes blogs, wikis, and podcasts as well as sites such as MySpace, Facebook, and Linkedin. While such sites promote connection with others, their use has created…

  13. Social Sustainability: Geography 446

    E-print Network

    Social Sustainability: Geography 446 submitted to Sally Hermansen & Lorna Seppala The University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Curranne Labercane February 4th, 2009 #12;Definition Social Sustainability- A socially sustainable community provides an inclusive, equitable, and decent quality of life for current

  14. Social Relationships and Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheldon Cohen

    2004-01-01

    The author discusses 3 variables that assess different aspects of social relationships—social support, social integration, and negative interaction. The author argues that all 3 are associated with health outcomes, that these variables each influence health through different mechanisms, and that associations between these variables and health are not spurious findings attributable to our personalities. This argument suggests a broader view

  15. Integrated social information engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Wassell; Stuart H. Rubin; Eric G. Frost

    2011-01-01

    Recognizing that a community’s capability to respond to and recover from disaster depends partly on the strength and effectiveness of its social networks, social network analysis (SNA) has risen to a field having important implications. In particular, many disaster and emergency recovery operations now consider the information provided by social networks to be one of their prime sources of data.

  16. Nanotechnology and Social Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandler, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    The central claims defended in this article are the following: (a) The social and ethical challenges of nanotechnology can be fully identified only if both the characteristic features of nanotechnologies and the social contexts into which they are emerging are considered. (b) When this is done, a host of significant social context issues, or…

  17. Social language network analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew J. Scholand; Yla R. Tausczik; James W. Pennebaker

    2010-01-01

    In this note we introduce a new methodology that combines tools from social language processing and network analysis to identify socially situated relationships between individuals, even when these relationships are latent or unrecognized. We call this approach social language network analysis (SLNA). We describe the philosophical antecedents of SLNA, the mechanics of preprocessing, processing, and post-processing stages, and the results

  18. Social ties and health: The benefits of social integration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teresa E. Seeman

    1996-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between level of social integration and various aspects of health. A search of the literature published since the mid-1970s (under the MEDLINE key words, “social ties”, “social network”, “social isolation”, “social environment”) presented strong evidence that social integration leads to reduced mortality risks, and to a better state of mental health. The evidence on physical

  19. Social Cognition and Social Anxiety among Icelandic Schoolchildren

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannesdottir, Dagmar Kr.; Ollendick, Thomas H.

    2007-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to examine relationships among social cognition, social anxiety, and social skills with friends and strangers in children. Ninety-two children (age 10-14 years) in Iceland completed questionnaires on social anxiety, social skills, assertiveness, self-efficacy, and outcome expectancy in social situations with…

  20. Los sistemas inteligentes de transporte y sus efectos en la movilidad urbana e interurbana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joana-Maria Seguí Pons; Maria Rosa Martínez Reynés

    2007-01-01

    El tráfico urbano es hoy complicado en la mayoría de las áreas metropolitanas de los países desarrollados en las que la congestión se ha convertido en un problema cotidiano de difícil solución. Un problema que produce efectos indeseados en la movilidad de los conductores y peatones. El incumplimiento de los horarios en los transportes públicos, el incremento del tiempo de

  1. Human Social Genomics

    PubMed Central

    Cole, Steven W.

    2014-01-01

    A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural “social signal transduction” pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving. PMID:25166010

  2. Human social genomics.

    PubMed

    Cole, Steven W

    2014-08-01

    A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural "social signal transduction" pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving. PMID:25166010

  3. The Social Museum Collection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-01

    In the early decades of the twentieth century, a number of academics, social welfare advocates, and muckrakers became interested in the living conditions of recently arrived immigrants to the United States. One such person was Professor Francis Greenwood Peabody of Harvard University. In 1903, he founded the Social Museum, which was established "to promote investigations of modern social conditions and to direct the amelioration of industrial and social life." For the next thirty years, Peabody and his colleagues at the museum worked on assembling a large collection of photographs, publications and reports related to the international social reform movement. At this site, visitors can browse through the photograph collection, which includes themes such as "charity", "housing", and "education". Visitors will also want to browse through some of Peabody's own publications, including his influential work, "The Approach to the Social Question: An Introduction to the Study of Social Ethics".

  4. Social status gates social attention in humans.

    PubMed

    Dalmaso, Mario; Pavan, Giulia; Castelli, Luigi; Galfano, Giovanni

    2012-06-23

    Humans tend to shift attention in response to the averted gaze of a face they are fixating, a phenomenon known as gaze cuing. In the present paper, we aimed to address whether the social status of the cuing face modulates this phenomenon. Participants were asked to look at the faces of 16 individuals and read fictive curriculum vitae associated with each of them that could describe the person as having a high or low social status. The association between each specific face and either high or low social status was counterbalanced between participants. The same faces were then used as stimuli in a gaze-cuing task. The results showed a greater gaze-cuing effect for high-status faces than for low-status faces, independently of the specific identity of the face. These findings confirm previous evidence regarding the important role of social factors in shaping social attention and show that a modulation of gaze cuing can be observed even when knowledge about social status is acquired through episodic learning. PMID:22090207

  5. SOCIAL POLICY CURRICULUM Social policies are the guiding principles that serve as the foundation for social

    E-print Network

    Shahriar, Selim

    SOCIAL POLICY CURRICULUM Social policies are the guiding principles that serve as the foundation for social programs. The Social Policy concentration allows you to analyze the ways in which social policies and social institutions influence the course of human lives, as well as the ways in which individuals

  6. Exploring the Interrelationships between Social Welfare and Social Movements: Why this matters for Social Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerry Mooney; Jason Annetts; Alex Law; Wallace McNeish

    Contemporary social policy has never been more vigorously contested. Issues range from single-issue campaigns over housing, social care, hospital closures through to organised movements around disability, environment, health and education. And at a global level social movements are active in contesting and shaping social policy developments. However, the historical and contemporary role played by social movements in shaping social welfare

  7. Designing for Social Development: Enhancing Mobile Social Software through Social Capital

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuseppe Lugano

    In this paper, we discuss the problem of designing mobile social software to support social capital. This approach aims at exploiting ICT to reconcile social and economic development, essential to create a human-centered Information Society. Firstly, a literature review of social capital theory is presented. Then, mobile social software is analyzed according to three dimensions: technical, individual and social. Finally,

  8. Psychopathology of social isolation

    PubMed Central

    Baek, Sang-Bin

    2014-01-01

    The most important defining factor of being human is the use of symbolic language. Language or communication problem occurs during the growth, the child will have a higher risk of social isolation and then the survival will be threatened constantly. Today, adolescents and youths are familiar with computer and smart-phone devices, and communication with others by these devices is easy than face-to-face communication. As adolescents and youths live in the comfortable and familiar cyber-world rather than actively participating real society, so they make social isolation. Extreme form of this isolation in adolescents and youths is so-called Socially Withdrawn Youth. In this study, the psychopathological factors inducing social isolation were discussed. Development stages of social isolation in relation with types of social isolation, Ego-syntonic isolation and Ego-dystonic isolation, were also considered. PMID:25061592

  9. Visualizing Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Correa, Carlos D.; Ma, Kwan-Liu

    With today‘s ubiquity and popularity of social network applications, the ability to analyze and understand large networks in an efficient manner becomes critically important. However, as networks become larger and more complex, reasoning about social dynamics via simple statistics is not a feasible option. To overcome these limitations, we can rely on visual metaphors. Visualization nowadays is no longer a passive process that produces images from a set of numbers. Recent years have witnessed a convergence of social network analytics and visualization, coupled with interaction, that is changing the way analysts understand and characterize social networks. In this chapter, we discuss the main goal of visualization and how different metaphors are aimed towards elucidating different aspects of social networks, such as structure and semantics. We also describe a number of methods where analytics and visualization are interwoven towards providing a better comprehension of social structure and dynamics.

  10. The repurposed social brain.

    PubMed

    Parkinson, Carolyn; Wheatley, Thalia

    2015-03-01

    Human social intelligence depends on a diverse array of perceptual, cognitive, and motivational capacities. Some of these capacities depend on neural systems that may have evolved through modification of ancestral systems with non-social or more limited social functions (evolutionary repurposing). Social intelligence, in turn, enables new forms of repurposing within the lifetime of an individual (cultural and instrumental repurposing), which entail innovating over and exploiting pre-existing circuitry to meet problems our brains did not evolve to solve. Considering these repurposing processes can provide insight into the computations that brain regions contribute to social information processing, generate testable predictions that usefully constrain social neuroscience theory, and reveal biologically imposed constraints on cultural inventions and our ability to respond beneficially to contemporary challenges. PMID:25732617

  11. Social Capital and Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ichiro Kawachi; S. V. Subramanian; Daniel Kim

    \\u000a Pick any current issue of a journal such as Social Science & Medicine or the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health and one is bound to see a featured article about social capital and health. Search on Pubmed for “social capital and health”,\\u000a and one sees over 27,500 articles listed (as of December 2006). Enter the same search term in

  12. Rethinking international social work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brij Mohan

    2008-01-01

    English>This article challenges contemporary professional culture to rethink international social work as a liberating praxis and a discipline of academic significance. Currently international social work tends to spatialize its objects of study. Since humankind's wellbeing is intrinsically linked with science and social transformation, the vocabularies of change merit meaningful contextualization.FrenchCet article met au défi la culture professionnelle contemporaine de repenser

  13. Social Movement as Meaning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGee, Michael Calvin

    1983-01-01

    Disagrees that "dialectical enjoinment" and "collective behavior" are necessary characteristics of a rhetorical study of social movements. Prefers a focus on individual perceptions or consciousness of movement. (PD)

  14. Social Service Brokerage based on UDDI and Social Requirements

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Social Service Brokerage based on UDDI and Social Requirements Jan wierzowicz and Willy Picard. The concept of Social Service Broker addressing both service and social requirements is proposed. While UDDI registries still provide information about available services, methods from Social Network Analysis

  15. Social Network Current State of Social Network in terms of

    E-print Network

    Gunes, Mehmet Hadi

    Social Network Analysis Current State of Social Network in terms of public data availability #12;Agenda · Introduction · Related Work · My project · Conclusion #12;Popularity of Social Network #12;Popularity of Social Network Survey Social networking sites and our lives by Pew Internet 47% of American

  16. Social networks and social integration panel1 A longitudinal survey

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Social networks and social integration panel1 A longitudinal survey The processes of entering adult life, starting work and developing social networks Hypotheses, development of the survey of Health and Social Affairs (DRASS), the Calvados Regional Department of Health and Social Affairs

  17. Corporate social responsibility and social responsibility needs of stakeholders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cuiping Li; Binghui Zu; Zhongxue Li; Linlin Zhang

    2011-01-01

    With the development of economic globalization, corporate social responsibility has become a research focus. Firstly, based on Carroll's social responsibility theory, the scope of corporate social responsibility, including economic responsibility, legal responsibility, ethical responsibility and philanthropic responsibility (or self-responsibility), was defined. It is shown that corporate social responsibility is dynamic because of social expectation from its scope and basic elements.

  18. Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments

    E-print Network

    Fiat, Amos

    Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments EYTAN BAKSHY , Facebook are correlated along the social network; and the inclusion of social cues (i.e., peers' association with a brand) alongside ads affect responses via social influence processes. For these reasons, responses may be increased

  19. Doctor of Applied Social Research Social Work Pathway

    E-print Network

    Little, Tony

    and Disability: explores the centrality of health to the social and emotional functioning of users of social work services. SWKPCJ: Crime, Welfare and Justice: explores the risk of crime and the impact of social policyDASR Doctor of Applied Social Research Social Work Pathway · The programme is intended

  20. A responsabilidade social e sua interface com o marketing social

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrea Regina; H. Cunha Levek; Ana Cristina; Moraes Benazzi; Janaina Ribeiro; Falcão Arnone; Janaína Seguin; Tatiana Monteiro Gerhardt

    2002-01-01

    This article aims mainly to demonstrate the interface of Social Responsibility and Social Market. In doing so the analysis of specific objectives was: determine features of Social Responsibility, heightening advantages and disadvantages and establishing the identity of concepts in Social Marketing, as well as its interface with Social Responsibility. The methodology chosen in this study was the exploratory method, based

  1. The Social Validity Assessment of Social Competence Intervention Behavior Goals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurley, Jennifer J.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Feurer, Irene D.

    2010-01-01

    Social validation is the value judgment from society on the importance of a study. The social validity of behavior goals used in the social competence intervention literature was assessed using the Q-sort technique. The stimulus items were 80 different social competence behavior goals taken from 78 classroom-based social competence intervention…

  2. School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work First Nations Specialization Purpose The First transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part-time program of studies using: Program Requirement SOCW 300-3 Communication Skills in Social Work Practice SOCW 301-3 Critical Social

  3. SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE

    E-print Network

    SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE Steve Anderson, PhD Director, School of Social Work FOR THE PHD PROGRAM IN SOCIAL WORK ACADEMIC YEAR 2014-2015 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS WELCOME ................................................................. 4 B. Core Social Work Classes.................................................................... 5

  4. Faculty of Social Sciences School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Hammerton, Paul

    Faculty of Social Sciences School of Social Work Undergraduate and Postgraduate Courses #12;Contents 03 Welcome to the School of Social Work 04 Why Study with Us? Our Undergraduate Qualifying Course 06 BA Social Work 08 A Student's Experience Our Postgraduate Qualifying Course 10 MA Social Work 11

  5. Social work What social work course is there?

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Social work Essentials What social work course is there? Social Work (3 years full time. Part your personal statement, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited, social work practitioners and service- user and carer representatives In line with appropriate national

  6. Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

  7. Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

  8. Social Skills, Social Outcomes, and Cognitive Features of Childhood Social Phobia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan H. Spence; Caroline Donovan; Margaret Brechman-Toussaint

    1999-01-01

    Social skills, social outcomes, self-talk, outcome expectancies, and self-evaluation of performance during social-evaluative tasks were examined with 27 clinically diagnosed social phobic children ages 7–14 and a matched nonclinical group. Results showed that, compared with their nonanxious peers, social phobic children demonstrated lower expected performance and a higher level of negative self-talk on social-evaluative tasks. In addition, social phobic children

  9. SOCIAL BEHAVIOR Daniel I. Rubenstein

    E-print Network

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    SOCIAL BEHAVIOR Daniel I. Rubenstein Princeton University I. Introduction II. From Social Behavior to Social Organization: Pat- terns and Mechanisms of Formation III. From Social Organization to Ecological to female. protogyny Breeding system in which individuals change sex from female to male. SOCIAL BEHAVIOR

  10. SOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin

    E-print Network

    SOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin www.ucd.ie/acshs Social Work path Environmental Policy Social Science ** Special Note on this Path: If you think you might be interested in a career are professionally qualified social workers STAGE 1 Foundation Year Subjects Studying UCD Social Science STAGE 2

  11. Social norms and human cooperation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ernst Fehr; Urs Fischbacher

    2004-01-01

    The existence of social norms is one of the big unsolved problems in social cognitive science. Although no other concept is invoked more frequently in the social sciences, we still know little about how social norms are formed, the forces determining their content, and the cognitive and emotional requirements that enable a species to establish and enforce social norms. In

  12. USC School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Rohs, Remo

    USC School of Social Work T he USC School of Social Work offers programs of study leading to the Master of Social Work (M.S.W.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in social work. These programs provide. The USC School of Social Work uses Virtual Iraq, a program developed by the USC Institute for Creative

  13. Social Work Patient & Family Services

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Social Work and Patient & Family Services 601 Elmwood Avenue RM. 1-1450 P. O. Box 650 Rochester, NY Social Work office lo- cated? The Social Work office is located on the first floor of Strong Memorial Hospital, Rm. 1-1450 How do I get in touch with a social worker? The social work department is open Monday

  14. Interpersonal Consequences of Social Anxiety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erin A. Heerey; Ann M. Kring

    2007-01-01

    The behavioral manifestations of social anxiety may have implications for social outcomes. Unfortunately, little is known about how anxiety shapes social interaction. The present study examined social interactions in dyads consisting of either 2 nonsocially anxious (NSA) individuals or 1 socially anxious (SA) and 1 NSA individual. Behavior, self-reported affect, and perceptions were examined. In comparison with the interactions of

  15. Social Signal Processing: Understanding Nonverbal Communication in Social Interactions

    E-print Network

    Vinciarelli, Alessandro

    Social Signal Processing: Understanding Nonverbal Communication in Social Interactions Alessandro Processing, human-human communication, nonverbal behavior, social interactions. ACM Classification Keywords A in human sciences have shown that nonverbal communication is the main channel through which we express

  16. Virtual private social networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mauro Conti; Arbnor Hasani; Bruno Crispo

    2011-01-01

    Social Networking Sites (SNSs) are having a significant impact on the social life of many people - even beyond the millions of people that use them directly. These websites usually allow users to present a profile of themselves through a long list of very detailed information. However, even when such SNSs have advanced privacy policies, users are often not aware

  17. Reconceiving Social Movements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traugott, Mark

    1978-01-01

    When used in combination, the criteria of positive solidarity and anti-institutional orientation can help to refocus the study of social movements towards the analysis of large scale social change outside institutional channels and keep it distinct from the field of collective behavior. (WI)

  18. The Social Integration Scale.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Susan M.; Straus, Murray A.

    The Social Integration Scale (SIS) is intended to facilitate empirical research on the applicability of control theory to many types of adult crime, including "street crime," white collar crime, and physical assaults on spouses. There are five subscales: (1) belief (belief in law and social control); (2) commitment (psychological investment in…

  19. SORORITY LIFE SOCIAL EVENTS

    E-print Network

    Hone, James

    & FRATERNITY SORORITY LIFE SOCIAL EVENTS HANDBOOK 2013 OFFICE OF RESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS FRATERNITY & SORORITY LIFE AND LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT www.columbiagreeks.info #12;Social Events- 2 Table of Contents & Sorority Life General Information Regarding BVL National Panhellenic Conference-Alcohol Resolution REQUIRED

  20. Social withdrawal in childhood.

    PubMed

    Rubin, Kenneth H; Coplan, Robert J; Bowker, Julie C

    2009-01-01

    Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes, including socio-emotional difficulties (e.g., anxiety, low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and internalizing problems), peer difficulties (e.g., rejection, victimization, poor friendship quality), and school difficulties (e.g., poor-quality teacher-child relationships, academic difficulties, school avoidance). The goals of the current review are to (a) provide some definitional, theoretical, and methodological clarity to the complex array of terms and constructs previously employed in the study of social withdrawal; (b) examine the predictors, correlates, and consequences of child and early-adolescent social withdrawal; and (c) present a developmental framework describing pathways to and from social withdrawal in childhood. PMID:18851686

  1. Social anxiety spectrum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liliana Dell’Osso; Paola Rucci; Francesca Ducci; Antonio Ciapparelli; Laura Vivarelli; Marina Carlini; Carla Ramacciotti; Giovanni B. Cassano

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to provide the prevalence rates of mild, moderate and severe symptoms of social anxiety in a sample of high school students and to analyze gender differences and associated impairment levels within these three levels of severity. Five hundred and twenty students were assessed with the Social Anxiety Spectrum Self-Report (SHY-SR), a questionnaire that explores

  2. Addressing Social Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoebel, Susan

    1991-01-01

    Maintains that advertising can help people become more aware of social responsibilities. Describes a successful nationwide newspaper advertising competition for college students in which ads address social issues such as literacy, drugs, teen suicide, and teen pregnancy. Notes how the ads have helped grassroots programs throughout the United…

  3. Social Informatics Data Grid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bennett Bertenthal; Robert Grossman; David Hanley; Mark Hereld; Sarah Kenny; Gina-Anne Levow; Michael E. Papka; Stephen W. Porges; Kavithaa Rajavenkateshwaran; Rick Stevens; Thomas D. Uram; Wenjun Wu

    The Social Informatics Data Grid is a new infrastructure designed to transform how social and behavioral scientists collect and annotate data, collaborate and share data, and analyze and mine large data repositories. An important goal of the project is to be compatible with existing databases and tools that support the sharing, storage and retrieval of archival data sets. It is

  4. Learning social behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maja J. Mataric

    1997-01-01

    This paper discusses the challenges of learning to behave socially in the dynamic, noisy, situated and embodied mobile multi-robot domain. Using the methodology for synthesizing basis behaviors as a substrate for generating a large repertoire of higher-level group interactions, in this paper we describe how, given the substrate, greedy agents can learn social rules that benefit the group as a

  5. Social Science: Course Proposal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Charles Gene

    A proposal is presented for a Community College of Philadelphia course surveying basic social science skills and information, including scientific method, map usage, evolution, native peoples, social groups, and U.S. Government. Following a standard cover form, a statement of purpose for the course indicates that it is designed to provide…

  6. Diversity and Social Cohesion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagani, Camilla

    2014-01-01

    The issue of diversity, in its broadest sense, is discussed here in its relation to social cohesion, cross-cultural relations, ingroup-outgroup relations and educational interventions. The main thesis of the paper is that real social cohesion in an ingroup rests on the acknowledgment of and the dialog with the diversities of the members of the…

  7. Social Movement in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhibin Lin; Lixin Zhang

    China's recent history is formed by all kinds of social movements. In the early twentieth century, the New Cultural Movement in China introduced the concepts of democracy, equality and liberty. Now, after nearly 90 years of China's social change, the cause of seeking for democracy and equality is still far to be fulfilled. The founding of People's Republic of China

  8. KET Social Studies Posters

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-01-30

    The KET Social Studies posters provide an overview of the five “big ideas” that make up Kentucky’s K-12 social studies curriculum. These posters are appropriate for classroom display for both student and teacher reference. Each poster is available in two sizes and may be printed in color or black and white.

  9. EDUCAÇÃO E RESPONSABILIDADE SOCIAL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia GUIMARÃES; Francine PEREIRA; Franciele PEREIRA; Daniel Henrique

    The present work has for objective to present some considerations about the connections between social responsibility and education. In this sense, we verified that managerial strategic actions are today all over the world the largest objective of the organizations, creating decisions of inserting the development in the society, being as a great challenge to incorporate the social responsibility in the

  10. Limits of social mobilization.

    PubMed

    Rutherford, Alex; Cebrian, Manuel; Dsouza, Sohan; Moro, Esteban; Pentland, Alex; Rahwan, Iyad

    2013-04-16

    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations over large geographies. Despite significant success, selection bias may lead to inflated expectations of the efficacy of social mobilization for these tasks. What are the limits of social mobilization, and how reliable is it in operating at these limits? We build on recent results on the spatiotemporal structure of social and information networks to elucidate the constraints they pose on social mobilization. We use the DARPA Network Challenge as our working scenario, in which social media were used to locate 10 balloons across the United States. We conduct high-resolution simulations for referral-based crowdsourcing and obtain a statistical characterization of the population recruited, geography covered, and time to completion. Our results demonstrate that the outcome is plausible without the presence of mass media but lies at the limit of what time-critical social mobilization can achieve. Success relies critically on highly connected individuals willing to mobilize people in distant locations, overcoming the local trapping of diffusion in highly dense areas. However, even under these highly favorable conditions, the risk of unsuccessful search remains significant. These findings have implications for the design of better incentive schemes for social mobilization. They also call for caution in estimating the reliability of this capability. PMID:23576719

  11. Limits of social mobilization

    PubMed Central

    Rutherford, Alex; Cebrian, Manuel; Dsouza, Sohan; Moro, Esteban; Pentland, Alex; Rahwan, Iyad

    2013-01-01

    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations over large geographies. Despite significant success, selection bias may lead to inflated expectations of the efficacy of social mobilization for these tasks. What are the limits of social mobilization, and how reliable is it in operating at these limits? We build on recent results on the spatiotemporal structure of social and information networks to elucidate the constraints they pose on social mobilization. We use the DARPA Network Challenge as our working scenario, in which social media were used to locate 10 balloons across the United States. We conduct high-resolution simulations for referral-based crowdsourcing and obtain a statistical characterization of the population recruited, geography covered, and time to completion. Our results demonstrate that the outcome is plausible without the presence of mass media but lies at the limit of what time-critical social mobilization can achieve. Success relies critically on highly connected individuals willing to mobilize people in distant locations, overcoming the local trapping of diffusion in highly dense areas. However, even under these highly favorable conditions, the risk of unsuccessful search remains significant. These findings have implications for the design of better incentive schemes for social mobilization. They also call for caution in estimating the reliability of this capability. PMID:23576719

  12. SECURITY FOR SOCIAL SECURITY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert L. Brown

    ABSTRACT With the election of George W. Bush, the debate around privatization of Social Security inthe United States is sure to be rekindled. The Republicans seem to favor separating a part of OASDI and moving ,that portion of the ,scheme ,into Individual Retirement Accounts. President Clinton had proposed ,creating larger social security funds and investing a portion of them in

  13. Sizing Up Social Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Jerold

    2010-01-01

    Most people are aware of the increasing importance of social media to institutional advancement, and many colleges and universities have started investing resources in these media. The next step is to measure the impact of social media on the institution and evaluate the success of one's efforts. Every advancement leader should understand how…

  14. Building Social Media Connections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferriter, William N.; Ramsden, Jason T.; Sheninger, Eric C.

    2012-01-01

    Incorporating social media tools into your professional practices does not have to be intimidating as long as you are willing to tackle five action steps. It is far easier to articulate the strengths--and to imagine the possibilities--of social media spaces as tools for communication and professional development when you are actively using those…

  15. Social Medium Well Done

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raths, David

    2012-01-01

    For tech-savvy educators looking to connect with students, social media have a powerful allure: Not only are sites such as Facebook and Twitter inherently designed for discussion and the exchange of ideas, but most students are already immersed in the technology. While these sites have their critics, social media's potential for collaboration is…

  16. Social Interactions and Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uz, Cigdem; Cagiltay, Kursat

    2015-01-01

    Digital games have become popular due to great technological improvements in recent years. They have been increasingly transformed from co-located experiences into multi-played, socially oriented platforms (Herodotou, 2009). Multi-User Online Games provide the opportunity to create a social environment for friendships and strengthen the…

  17. Social Action Art Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golub, Deborah

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores intersections among art, action, and community. It describes sociopolitical aspects of the author's art therapy work with survivors of repressive regimes living in Brazil, China, and Denmark and considers ways that unique historical and social processes influenced her conceptualization and practice of social action art therapy.

  18. Social Networks and Adaptation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Carl I.; And Others

    In a longitudinal study of the network characteristics that assist elderly individuals to meet their needs, as well as the effects of change in four categories of social network dimensions (social interaction, network structure, member attribute, environmental attribute), 133 elderly residents of 18 midtown Manhattan single room occupancy (SRO)…

  19. Spontaneous Social Networks DIPLOMARBEIT

    E-print Network

    people and edges representing social relations. This social graph is commonly very rigid in semantics. Applications operate on top of SSNs. The application defines the purpose and properties of the SSN and provides the users an interface to a SSN. The goal of this diploma thesis is the design of a standard

  20. Social Policy Report, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This document is comprised of the four 2001 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. The topics featured in each of the issues are: (1) "Youth Civic Development: Implications of Research for Social Policy and Programs"…

  1. Social Space: Philosophical Reflections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strauss, D. F. M.

    2009-01-01

    Our analysis of the phrase "social space" first of all concentrates on the modal or functional nature of the different aspects of reality, including the social and spatial aspects. Subsequently this leads to an analysis of the problem of modal analogies--one way in which an answer is given to the perennial philosophical problem concerning the…

  2. Explaining Social Constructivism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keaton, Shaughan A.; Bodie, Graham D.

    2011-01-01

    Many versions of social constructivism (SC) maintain that objects exist only after they enter communicative space. At one level an object's existence is determined through an individual's sensory perception; through communicative acts, both intra- and interpersonally, they are defined and eventually embody meaning. The social process of defining…

  3. Transmission of social attitudes.

    PubMed Central

    Martin, N G; Eaves, L J; Heath, A C; Jardine, R; Feingold, L M; Eysenck, H J

    1986-01-01

    Data gathered in Australia and England on the social attitudes of spouses and twins are largely consistent with a genetic model for family resemblance in social attitudes. There is substantial assortative mating and little evidence of vertical cultural inheritance. PMID:3459179

  4. Lockean Social Epistemology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Locke's reputation as a sceptic regarding testimony, and the resultant mockery by epistemologists with social inclinations, is well known. In particular Michael Welbourne, in his article "The Community of Knowledge" (1981), depicts Lockean epistemology as fundamentally opposed to a social conception of knowledge, claiming that he…

  5. Visualizing Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linton Freeman

    2000-01-01

    Two distinct forms of display have been used to construct images of networks, one based on points and lines and the other on matrices. In most point and line displays the points represent social actors and the lines represent connections among the act ors. In matrix displays the rows and columns both represent social actors and numbers or symbols in

  6. Serotonin and Social Norms

    PubMed Central

    Bilderbeck, Amy C.; Brown, Gordon D. A.; Read, Judi; Woolrich, Mark; Cowen, Phillip J.; Behrens, Tim E. J.

    2014-01-01

    How do people sustain resources for the benefit of individuals and communities and avoid the tragedy of the commons, in which shared resources become exhausted? In the present study, we examined the role of serotonin activity and social norms in the management of depletable resources. Healthy adults, alongside social partners, completed a multiplayer resource-dilemma game in which they repeatedly harvested from a partially replenishable monetary resource. Dietary tryptophan depletion, leading to reduced serotonin activity, was associated with aggressive harvesting strategies and disrupted use of the social norms given by distributions of other players’ harvests. Tryptophan-depleted participants more frequently exhausted the resource completely and also accumulated fewer rewards than participants who were not tryptophan depleted. Our findings show that rank-based social comparisons are crucial to the management of depletable resources, and that serotonin mediates responses to social norms. PMID:24815611

  7. Social Support in Widowhood

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Stacey B.; Bergeman, C. S.; Verney, Alissa; Longenbaker, Susannah; Markey, Megan A.; Bisconti, Toni L.

    2012-01-01

    Although social support is assumed to be an important factor following loss, the mechanisms by which it influences outcomes are not well understood. This study explored the nature of social support following loss using mixed methods. Widows participated in semistructured interviews 1 and 4 months after loss; a subsample completed 98 days of questionnaires between interviews. Interviews were analyzed using the constant comparative method; themes included the importance of supportive groups and the meaning of support. Social support trajectories were examined using hierarchical linear modeling; perceived social control explained differences in trajectories. Additional interviews were selected by their maximally divergent plots. The findings of these analyses were integrated to contribute a more detailed description of social support in the transition to widowhood. PMID:23785307

  8. Stanford Social Innovation Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Stanford Social Innovation Review is a magazine written "for and by social change leaders in the nonprofit, business, and government sectors who view collaboration as key to solving environmental, social, and economic justice issues." Visitors can look on the website for timely articles on nonprofit management, philanthropy, and global issues. The elegance of the homepage makes it quite easy to navigate and a handy search feature makes it easy to locate items of particular interest. A good deal of the content here is available at no charge and users can scroll on over to the Most Read Articles and Most Read Blog Posts to get an idea of where to start. Additionally, a number of webinars are available at no charge, such as the recent, "Data-Driven Strategy in the Social Sector." Visitors can also explore some podcasts that deal with social entrepreneurship and supply chain management.

  9. Social Dynamics of Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Xiaoling; Kaur, Jasleen; Milojevi?, Staša; Flammini, Alessandro; Menczer, Filippo

    2013-01-01

    The birth and decline of disciplines are critical to science and society. How do scientific disciplines emerge? No quantitative model to date allows us to validate competing theories on the different roles of endogenous processes, such as social collaborations, and exogenous events, such as scientific discoveries. Here we propose an agent-based model in which the evolution of disciplines is guided mainly by social interactions among agents representing scientists. Disciplines emerge from splitting and merging of social communities in a collaboration network. We find that this social model can account for a number of stylized facts about the relationships between disciplines, scholars, and publications. These results provide strong quantitative support for the key role of social interactions in shaping the dynamics of science. While several ``science of science'' theories exist, this is the first account for the emergence of disciplines that is validated on the basis of empirical data.

  10. Leveraging social context for searching social media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Smith; Vladimir Barash; Lise Getoor; Hady Wirawan LAUW

    2008-01-01

    The ability to utilize and benet from today's explosion of social media sites depends on providing tools that allow users to productively participate. In order to participate, users must be able to nd resources (both people and in- formation) that they nd valuable. Here, we argue that in order to do this eectiv ely, we should make use of a

  11. Singing and social inclusion.

    PubMed

    Welch, Graham F; Himonides, Evangelos; Saunders, Jo; Papageorgi, Ioulia; Sarazin, Marc

    2014-01-01

    There is a growing body of neurological, cognitive, and social psychological research to suggest the possibility of positive transfer effects from structured musical engagement. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that engagement in musical activities may impact on social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Tackling social exclusion and promoting social inclusion are common concerns internationally, such as in the UK and the EC, and there are many diverse Government ministries and agencies globally that see the arts in general and music in particular as a key means by which social needs can be addressed. As part of a wider evaluation of a national, Government-sponsored music education initiative for Primary-aged children in England ("Sing Up"), opportunity was taken by the authors, at the request of the funders, to assess any possible relationship between (a) children's developing singing behavior and development and (b) their social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Subsequently, it was possible to match data from n = 6087 participants, drawn from the final 3 years of data collection (2008-2011), in terms of each child's individually assessed singing ability (based on their singing behavior of two well-known songs to create a "normalized singing score") and their written responses to a specially-designed questionnaire that included a set of statements related to children's sense of being socially included to which the children indicated their level of agreement on a seven-point Likert scale. Data analyses suggested that the higher the normalized singing development rating, the more positive the child's self-concept and sense of being socially included, irrespective of singer age, sex and ethnicity. PMID:25120514

  12. Social skill as a determinant of social networks and perceived social support in schizophrenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. M. Macdonald; H. J. Jackson; R. L. Hayes; A. J. Baglioni; C. Madden

    1998-01-01

    Factors influencing supportive social networks of people with schizophrenia are little understood. Data from 46 outpatients with schizophrenia were analysed using structural equation modelling to test plausible sets of inter-relationships between social skill, social networks, and social support. The data supported a tentative model about the causal relationships between variables. Paths showed that people with greater social skill had larger

  13. FORTHE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA

    E-print Network

    Michigan, University of

    GUIDELINES FORTHE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA January 2010 Revised July 2010 #12;Prepared by: The Voices ................................................................................................................................................................................3 Social Media Guidelines when Posting as an Individual.................................................................................................................................4 Social Media Guidelines When Posting on Behalf of the University of Michigan

  14. Social Rewards and Social Networks in the Human Brain.

    PubMed

    Fareri, Dominic S; Delgado, Mauricio R

    2014-02-21

    The rapid development of social media and social networking sites in human society within the past decade has brought about an increased focus on the value of social relationships and being connected with others. Research suggests that we pursue socially valued or rewarding outcomes-approval, acceptance, reciprocity-as a means toward learning about others and fulfilling social needs of forming meaningful relationships. Focusing largely on recent advances in the human neuroimaging literature, we review findings highlighting the neural circuitry and processes that underlie pursuit of valued rewarding outcomes across non-social and social domains. We additionally discuss emerging human neuroimaging evidence supporting the idea that social rewards provide a gateway to establishing relationships and forming social networks. Characterizing the link between social network, brain, and behavior can potentially identify contributing factors to maladaptive influences on decision making within social situations. PMID:24561513

  15. Canadian Social Research Links

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Maintained with almost obsessive thoroughness by an employee at Human Resources Development Canada, this Website is an excellent gateway to Canadian social science resources on the Web. The site offers collections of annotated links from government outlets, academic sources, policy institutions, and NGOs. Visitors can browse sites under regional and thematic categories as well use "quicklinks" to government sources for social science data, including social policy, economic, and employment data. The annotations are very helpful, usually including the date of a document or a Website's last update and a summary or quotation from the resource. Some resources are presented in a pro-and-con format so that researchers can immediately compare reports and arguments from credible sources on political and social issues. Theme lists include hundreds of links in disability, education, human rights, homelessness and hunger, election 2000, social research organizations, unions, UN links, women's social issues, and dozens more. Also, the author provides a free weekly email newsletter that includes the latest updates to the Website. There is much more here, but I think interested parties get the idea: anyone doing social research in or about Canada will definitely want to bookmark this one. The site is the sole property and responsibility of Gilles Seguin who maintains the site on his own time. And yes, the site is also available in French.

  16. Parent Social Engagement: Associations with early adolescents' social skills and social anxiety

    E-print Network

    McFadden, Megan

    2009-12-18

    and adolescents' FSSS. In addition, results showed an inverse relation between PSE and FSSS depending on adolescents' level of social anxiety. More socially anxious adolescents whose parents frequently engaged in social activities with extended family members...

  17. Interactive brains, social minds

    PubMed Central

    Lindenberger, Ulman

    2011-01-01

    To reveal the neural and behavioral dynamics of social interaction, single-person studies are increasingly complemented by research designs that simultaneously assess two or more interacting individuals. In this article, we review studies on neural mechanisms and markers of social interactions that use multi-person functional magnetic resonance imaging and electrophysiological recordings. We propose a terminology for investigating social interaction dynamics, show how forward models of action regulation may serve as a framework for investigating interpersonal action coordination and discuss different methodological approaches to studying functional brain connectivity. PMID:22448303

  18. The social life of cognition.

    PubMed

    Korman, Joanna; Voiklis, John; Malle, Bertram F

    2015-02-01

    We begin by illustrating that long before the cognitive revolution, social psychology focused on topics pertaining to what is now known as social cognition: people's subjective interpretations of social situations and the concepts and cognitive processes underlying these interpretations. We then examine two questions: whether social cognition entails characteristic concepts and cognitive processes, and how social processes might themselves shape and constrain cognition. We suggest that social cognition relies heavily on generic cognition but also on unique concepts (e.g., agent, intentionality) and unique processes (e.g., projection, imitation, joint attention). We further suggest that social processes play a prominent role in the development and unfolding of several generic cognitive processes, including learning, attention, and memory. Finally, we comment on the prospects of a recently developing approach to the study of social cognition (social neuroscience) and two potential future directions (computational social cognition and social-cognitive robotics). PMID:25433794

  19. Social Signal Processing: Understanding Social Interactions through Nonverbal Behavior Analysis

    E-print Network

    Vinciarelli, Alessandro

    Social Signal Processing: Understanding Social Interactions through Nonverbal Behavior Analysis A), the domain aimed at automatic understanding of social in- teractions through analysis of nonverbal behavior, nonverbal behavior analysis is used as a key to automatic understanding of social interactions. This pa- per

  20. Social cognition in ravens 1 Social cognition in ravens

    E-print Network

    Cook, Robert

    Social cognition in ravens 1 Social cognition in ravens Thomas Bugnyar University of Vienna, Austria Complex social life has been proposed as one of the main driving forces for the evolution, on the other hand because monogamous breeding pairs are the main unit of social structure in many species. Here

  1. Social Market: Combining Explicit and Implicit Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Social Market: Combining Explicit and Implicit Social Networks Davide Frey, Arnaud Jegou, and Anne lead research and ap- plications to focus more and more on their users. Online social networks such as Facebook provide users with the ability to maintain an unprece- dented number of social connections

  2. Social Information Access: The Other Side of the Social Web

    E-print Network

    Brusilovsky, Peter

    Social Information Access: The Other Side of the Social Web Peter Brusilovsky School of Information@pitt.edu Abstract. Modern Web, which is frequently called Social Web or Web 2.0, celebrates the power of the user worldwide work on social information access techniques, which help users get to the right information using

  3. Social Snapshots: Digital Forensics for Online Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Social Snapshots: Digital Forensics for Online Social Networks Markus Huber Martin Mulazzani for harvesting such data from social networking websites. Our approach uses a hybrid system that is based on a custom add-on for social networks in combination with a web crawl- ing component. The datasets that our

  4. Social Influences Social Influences on the Mate Choices

    E-print Network

    Cook, Robert

    Social Influences Social Influences on the Mate Choices of Male and Female Japanese Quail Bennett served as subjects in an extended series of studies of social influences on reproductive behavior processing systems involved in quail social learning and (2) mate-choice copying in quail can influence

  5. SSRM: Structural Social Role Mining for Dynamic Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Zaiane, Osmar R.

    by certain expectations. Social roles are mainly used to define the influence of members on the networkSSRM: Structural Social Role Mining for Dynamic Social Networks Afra Abnar, Mansoureh Takaffoli, expectations, and responsibilities. Identifying the roles that individuals play in a social network has various

  6. AlwaySocial: Social Networking in the Real World

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nir J. Peer

    Social networking is nowadays a popular way for people to socialize and network professionally. Currently, social net- working websites provide a mostly online experience whether they are accessed from a computer or a mobile phone. This leads to a chasm between online social activities and those done in the actual world. As there is no direct way to turn an

  7. +soCial Media +soCial Media

    E-print Network

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Privacy and Security19 Accuracy19 Public Participation--Does Social Media Count?19 ExpectationsCongress +soCial Media #12;Congress +soCial Media october 22, 2012 sherri r. greenberg lyndon B Analysis9 Congressional Use of Social Media9 The Geography of Congressional Usage10 Usage Variation Across

  8. Toward Integrating Catholic Social Teaching into Graduate Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Linda Plitt

    2008-01-01

    Social work programs are one mechanism within Catholic institutions of higher education for advancing the social mission of the Church. The social work profession seeks the achievement of a just society that promotes the dignity of the human person in the context of community and social relationships. This article describes beginning efforts to…

  9. Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media

    E-print Network

    Yang, Junfeng

    Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media Hila Becker , Bai Xiao Columbia documents (e.g., photos, videos) in social media sites. To un- derstand the potential benefits of using in a large-scale Flickr data set. Our pre- liminary experiments, building on baselines that use social media

  10. Cyber stalking: The social impact of social networking technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Haryani Haron; F. B. M. Yusof

    2010-01-01

    Social networking technology provides a social, collaborative and interactive platform for Internet users. The advances in social networking technology improve the socialization among Internet users. Users become more open in expressing their thoughts and sharing information, and along the way this contributes to the rise of internet violations. One of the violation faced by the internet users is cyber stalking.

  11. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program generalist professional practice by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2

  12. Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Disability Studies can or family practice. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

  13. Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Su, Xiao

    Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work San José State University MSW Student Handbook #12;2 Master of Social Work Student Handbook Last Updated: August 16, 2011 Disclaimer: This MSW ­ Room 215 408-924-5800 (office number) 408-924-5892 (fax number) Mailing Address: Master of Social Work

  14. Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Diaspora Studies can lead, children's services, residential centres and family services. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Social Work

  15. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    McConnell, Terry

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-5562. The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program, in order of priority, are as follows: 1. To prepare undergraduate social work students for competent entry

  16. Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet

    E-print Network

    Ward, Karen

    Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet Accredited by CSWE June 2013 In 2010, the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) began to offer the Master of Social Work (MSW) degree. The MSW prepares. The Program's Concentration is "Social Work in the Border Region." Students are trained to address the many

  17. School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Child Welfare Specialization Purpose The Child on the student's graduating transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part. The Northern Social Work Student Association with support from the Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology

  18. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims Brown Thoreck, Baccalaureate Program Director, 315-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students

  19. Social Work Is Social Work right for me?

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    Social Work Is Social Work right for me? If you are interested in assisting and supporting vulnerable people and helping them and their families then social work could be the subject for you. You with the Care Council for Wales. The skills you can gain from a degree in Social Work are wide ranging

  20. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students for continuing professional education and/or graduate education. The social work program is based on the concept

  1. the college of social work the college of social work

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    the college of social work #12;the college of social work Anna Scheyett, Dean, PhD "The future of social work is taking the lead in tackling the problems of society. Our profession helps keep our society's promises to its members, especially to those most vulnerable. The College of Social Work is one

  2. The Social Side of School: Why Teachers Need Social Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehlbach, Hunter

    2010-01-01

    Teaching and learning are fundamentally social enterprises. In attempting to understand, explain, and predict social behavior, social psychologists have amassed scores of empirically grounded, fundamental principles. Yet, many such principles have yet to be applied to classrooms despite the social nature of these settings. This article illustrates…

  3. Acculturation, Social Identity, and Social Cognition: A New Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amado M. Padilla; William Perez

    2003-01-01

    The authors argue in this article that new approaches are needed in the study of psychological acculturation. They posit that a new model of psychological acculturation should incorporate contemporary work in social and cognitive psychology. The model they present builds on previous research in the areas of social cognition, cultural competence, social identity, and social stigma. Each of these perspectives

  4. Social Network Analysis of Social Capital in Collaborative Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn A. Mandarano

    2009-01-01

    Social capital is an important primary outcome of collaborative planning and is deemed a precursor to arriving at successful collaborative planning outcomes such as more effective collective action and both individual and social benefits. Although commonly used definitions of social capital stress the importance of social networks, recent scholarly research tends to overlook the importance of understanding how collaborative efforts

  5. Social Capital as Social Relations: Implications for Community Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bill Reimer

    ABSTRACT This paper discusses an interpretation and analysis of social capital that is integrated into a framework,of social relations. We argue that social capital is organized in four fundamental types of social relations: market, bureaucratic, associative, and communal. Each type of relation is distinguishedby its own norms, rules of engagement, institutions, and control mechanisms. As a result, the processes by

  6. Social Capital and the Human Psyche: Why Is Social Life \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joanne Savage; Satoshi Kanazawa

    2004-01-01

    In this article, we propose a revised definition of social capital, premised on the principles of evolutionary psychology. We define social capital as any feature of a social relationship that, directly or indirectly, confers reproductive benefits to a participant in that relationship. This definition grounds the construct of social capital in human nature by providing a basis for inferring the

  7. Social context of creativity 

    E-print Network

    Cudmore, Peter

    2011-07-01

    This thesis analyses the long-distance control of the environmentally-situated imagination, in both spatial and temporal dimensions. Central to the project is what I call the extended social brain hypothesis. Grounded in ...

  8. Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific

    E-print Network

    Landweber, Laura

    - cial inquiry that could be used by a social scientist employing any method. The authors--all leading idea of what is scientific about the study of society. The divide has sparked battles in nearly all

  9. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATION

    E-print Network

    Jeanjean, Louis

    of Undergraduate studies. Objectives : Our MA Human Resource Management (HRM) is a professionally recognised : 6 months -HRM : 24 h -HRM methodology : 25 h -Social relations : 23 h -Work placement : 4 months

  10. Social media Introduction

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    .ca/university_secretary/policies). Be consistent with the U of S brand Make yourself familiar with the U of S brand (communications to ensure consistency. Naming of a social media account should include"University of Saskatchewan

  11. Limits of social mobilization

    E-print Network

    Pentland, Alex Paul

    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations ...

  12. Decentralized Online Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Datta, Anwitaman; Buchegger, Sonja; Vu, Le-Hung; Strufe, Thorsten; Rzadca, Krzysztof

    Current Online social networks (OSN) are web services run on logically centralized infrastructure. Large OSN sites use content distribution networks and thus distribute some of the load by caching for performance reasons, nevertheless there is a central repository for user and application data. This centralized nature of OSNs has several drawbacks including scalability, privacy, dependence on a provider, need for being online for every transaction, and a lack of locality. There have thus been several efforts toward decentralizing OSNs while retaining the functionalities offered by centralized OSNs. A decentralized online social network (DOSN) is a distributed system for social networking with no or limited dependency on any dedicated central infrastructure. In this chapter we explore the various motivations of a decentralized approach to online social networking, discuss several concrete proposals and types of DOSN as well as challenges and opportunities associated with decentralization.

  13. Search using social networks

    E-print Network

    Ammar, Ammar (Ammar T.)

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, we present an approach to the problem of personalized web search which makes use of the searcher's social network, in addition to the hyper-link based score used in most search engines. This combination of ...

  14. Social Science Hub

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Maintained by Sharyn Clarkson, a BA in sociology and anthropology, this Website provides a directory for those looking for materials in the social sciences. The site features categorized listings of social science Websites, online journals and e-zines, search engines, government Websites, databases and archives, interactive forums, and a what's new section. There is an emphasis, but by no means an exclusive one, on Australian materials. Some entries are annotated, and the site is frequently updated.

  15. Potential social interactions are important to social attention

    PubMed Central

    Laidlaw, Kaitlin E. W.; Foulsham, Tom; Kuhn, Gustav; Kingstone, Alan

    2011-01-01

    Social attention, or how spatial attention is allocated to biologically relevant stimuli, has typically been studied using simplistic paradigms that do not provide any opportunity for social interaction. To study social attention in a complex setting that affords social interaction, we measured participants’ looking behavior as they were sitting in a waiting room, either in the presence of a confederate posing as another research participant, or in the presence of a videotape of the same confederate. Thus, the potential for social interaction existed only when the confederate was physically present. Although participants frequently looked at the videotaped confederate, they seldom turned toward or looked at the live confederate. Ratings of participants’ social skills correlated with head turns to the live, but not videotaped, confederate. Our results demonstrate the importance of studying social attention within a social context, and suggest that the mere opportunity for social interaction can alter social attention. PMID:21436052

  16. Social Pharmacology: Expanding horizons

    PubMed Central

    Maiti, Rituparna; Alloza, José Luis

    2014-01-01

    In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of “social pharmacology” is not covered by the so-called “Phase IV” alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the “life cycle” of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences. PMID:24987168

  17. Social cognition in ravens

    PubMed Central

    Bugnyar, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Complex social life has been proposed as one of the main driving forces for the evolution of higher cognitive abilities in humans and non-human animals. Until recently, this theory has been tested mainly on mammals/primates, whereas little attention has been paid to birds. Indeed, birds provide a challenge to the theory, on one hand because they show high flexibility in group formation and composition, on the other hand because monogamous breeding pairs are the main unit of social structure in many species. Here I illustrate that non-breeding ravens Corvus corax engage in sophisticated social interactions during foraging and conflict management. While Machiavellian-type skills are found in competition for hidden food, the formation and use of valuable relationships (social bonds) seem to be key in dealing with others in daily life. I thus argue that ravens represent a promising case for testing the idea that sophisticated social cognition may evolve in systems with a given degree of social complexity, independently of phylogeny. PMID:25893030

  18. Social pharmacology: expanding horizons.

    PubMed

    Maiti, Rituparna; Alloza, José Luis

    2014-01-01

    In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of "social pharmacology" is not covered by the so-called "Phase IV" alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the "life cycle" of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences. PMID:24987168

  19. Social choice Approximate MAX CUT

    E-print Network

    Pansu, Pierre

    Social choice Un-friends Approximate MAX CUT Unique games Hardness of approximation P. Pansu;Social choice Un-friends Approximate MAX CUT Unique games Today's menu: A theorem in social choice theory-Sud Hardness of approximation #12;Social choice Un-friends Approximate MAX CUT Unique games Influences Noise

  20. The Politics of Market Socialism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrei Shleifer; Robert W. Vishny

    1994-01-01

    The debate over market socialism has ignored the importance of the assumptions about the objectives of politicians in determining resource allocation. Theory and evidence suggest that totalitarian socialism does not lead to efficient resource allocation because dictators do not maximize social welfare. But democratic governments have political objectives different from social welfare as well. The authors argue that because these

  1. The Social Psychology of Hatred

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evan R. Harrington

    Hatred has not typically been a topic of research in the field of social psychology, although several components which embody hatred have been studied extensively in this field. Social psychologists have tradition- ally considered prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination and intergroup aggression to be highly important and socially relevant topics for research, and thousands of studies by social psychologists have examined these

  2. Karen D. Lincoln Social Work

    E-print Network

    McLeod, Dennis

    Karen D. Lincoln Social Work 10 CURRICULUM VITAE Karen D. Lincoln, M.S.W., M.A., Ph.D. University of Southern California School of Social Work Fall, 2012 University of Southern California School of Social, Department of Sociology 1996 M.S.W. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, School of Social Work 1998 M

  3. ABSTRACT Smoking and Social Interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panu Poutvaara

    We study the social interaction of non-smokers and smokers as a sequential game, incorporating insights from social psychology and experimental economics into an economic model. Social norms affect human behavior such that non-smokers do not ask smokers to stop smoking and stay with them, even though disutility from smoking exceeds utility from social interaction. Overall, smoking is unduly often accepted

  4. Public Libraries and Social Class

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Pateman

    Abstract The paper argues that there is an intrinsic link between social exclusion and social class, that social exclusion is endemic to capitalism, and that the class system pervades every aspect of society, including library usage. After reviewing different models of social stratification, the paper identifies three main classes, the capitalist class, the middle class and the working class. The

  5. Detecting Communities Using Social Ties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Partha Basuchowdhuri; Jianhua Chen

    2010-01-01

    Many internet-based applications such as social networking websites, online viral marketing, and recommendation network based applications, use social network analysis to improve performance in terms of user-specific information dissemination. The notion of community in a social network is a key concept in such analyses and there has been significant work recently in identifying communities within a social network. In this

  6. Trust Maximization in Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhan, Justin; Fang, Xing

    Trust is a human-related phenomenon in social networks. Trust research on social networks has gained much attention on its usefulness, and on modeling propagations. There is little focus on finding maximum trust in social networks which is particularly important when a social network is oriented by certain tasks. In this paper, we propose a trust maximization algorithm based on the task-oriented social networks.

  7. Data Mining in Social Media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geoffrey Barbier; Huan Liu

    2011-01-01

    \\u000a The rise of online social media is providing a wealth of social network data. Data mining techniques provide researchers and\\u000a practitioners the tools needed to analyze large, complex, and frequently changing social media data. This chapter introduces\\u000a the basics of data mining, reviews social media, discusses how to mine social media data, and highlights some illustrative\\u000a examples with an emphasis

  8. Human Behavior, Social Environment, Social Reconstruction, and Social Policy: A System of Linkages, Goals, and Priorities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohan, Brij

    1980-01-01

    The idea of a wholesome relationship between human behavior and the forces of social environment is explored. The goals and foci of the human behavior and social environment component in social work education are reconceptualized in the light of knowledge that underscores the need for social reconstruction. (Author/MLW)

  9. Relations of Social Goal Pursuit to Social Acceptance, Classroom Behavior, and Perceived Social Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wentzel, Kathryn R.

    1994-01-01

    Relations of social-goal pursuit to social acceptance by teachers and peers, prosocial and irresponsible classroom behavior, and perceived support from teachers and peers were examined for 475 sixth and seventh graders. Findings reflected, in part, significant relationships between social-goal pursuit and displays of social behavior. (SLD)

  10. The Social Strategy Game

    PubMed Central

    Gurven, Michael; Kaplan, Hillard; Winking, Jeffrey

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines social determinants of resource competition among Tsimane Amerindian women of Bolivia. We introduce a semi-anonymous experiment (the Social Strategy Game) designed to simulate resource competition among women. Information concerning dyadic social relationships and demographic data were collected to identify variables influencing resource competition intensity, as measured by the number of beads one woman took from another. Relationship variables are used to test how the affiliative or competitive aspects of dyads affect the extent of prosociality in the game. Using a mixed-modeling procedure, we find that women compete with those with whom they are quarreling over accusations of meat theft, mate competition, and rumor spreading. They also compete with members of their social network and with those who were designated as cooperative helpers or as close kin. Women take fewer beads from desired friends, neighbors, and from those viewed as enemies. We interpret favoritism toward enemies as resulting from fear of retribution. Our results suggest that social relations among women are multifaceted and often cannot be simplified by exclusive focus on genetic relatedness, physical proximity, or reciprocity. We argue that a complex understanding of cooperation and competition among women may require important contextual information concerning relationship history in addition to typical features of resource ecology. PMID:20526460

  11. How social cognition can inform social decision making

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Victoria K.; Harris, Lasana T.

    2013-01-01

    Social decision-making is often complex, requiring the decision-maker to make inferences of others' mental states in addition to engaging traditional decision-making processes like valuation and reward processing. A growing body of research in neuroeconomics has examined decision-making involving social and non-social stimuli to explore activity in brain regions such as the striatum and prefrontal cortex, largely ignoring the power of the social context. Perhaps more complex processes may influence decision-making in social vs. non-social contexts. Years of social psychology and social neuroscience research have documented a multitude of processes (e.g., mental state inferences, impression formation, spontaneous trait inferences) that occur upon viewing another person. These processes rely on a network of brain regions including medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), superior temporal sulcus (STS), temporal parietal junction, and precuneus among others. Undoubtedly, these social cognition processes affect social decision-making since mental state inferences occur spontaneously and automatically. Few studies have looked at how these social inference processes affect decision-making in a social context despite the capability of these inferences to serve as predictions that can guide future decision-making. Here we review and integrate the person perception and decision-making literatures to understand how social cognition can inform the study of social decision-making in a way that is consistent with both literatures. We identify gaps in both literatures—while behavioral economics largely ignores social processes that spontaneously occur upon viewing another person, social psychology has largely failed to talk about the implications of social cognition processes in an economic decision-making context—and examine the benefits of integrating social psychological theory with behavioral economic theory. PMID:24399928

  12. Social Synergetics, Social Physics and Research of Fundamental Laws in Social Complex Systems

    E-print Network

    Yi-Fang Chang

    2009-11-06

    We proposed social synergetics and the four basic theorems, in which theorem of perfect correlation on humanity is researched mathematically. Generally, we discuss the four variables and the eight aspects in social physics. We search social thermodynamics and the five fundamental laws of social complex systems. Then we research different relations among social elements and applications of the nonlinear sociology, for example, for the economic systems. Finally, we discuss the evolutional equation of system and the educational equation.

  13. Social Media and Social Reality - Theory, Evidence and Validation

    SciTech Connect

    Reynolds, William; Weber, Marta S.; Farber, Robert M.; Corley, Courtney D.; Cowell, Andrew J.; Gregory, Michelle L.

    2010-06-14

    Social Media provide an exciting and novel view into social phenomena. The vast amounts of data that can be gathered from the Internet coupled with massively parallel supercomputers such as the Cray XMT open new vistas for research. Conclusions drawn from such analysis must recognize that social media are distinct from the underlying social reality. Rigorous validation is essential. This paper briefly presents results obtained from computational analysis of social media - utilizing both blog and twitter data. Validation of these results is discussed in the context of a framework of established methodologies from the social sciences. Finally, an outline for a set of supporting studies is proposed.

  14. An Introduction to Social Policy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Spicker, Paul.

    Created and maintained by Paul Spicker, a professor of politics specializing in social policy, this Website presents a detailed, yet schematic view of the main themes, concepts, and controversies surrounding issues of the welfare state and social services. The site offers sections on social policy, welfare and society, social need, the welfare state, social services, the politics of welfare, British social policy, social services in the UK, and social policy on the Web (a collection of annotated links). Using a hypertext, bulleted format, the author manages to convey significant amounts of information about complex ideas in a relatively brief span without oversimplifying. An excellent resource for economics and sociology students working on social policy topics.

  15. Social pediatric emergencies.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, J

    1978-01-01

    A social pediatric emergency invokes the concept of a crisis situation, which often reflects an acute temporary state, the culmination of problems of long duration. The needs demonstrated in child abuse, neglect and deprivation, sexual abuse, the handling of the crisis of birth, pregnancy and abnormality, death and dying, adoption and learning disabilities are related to the family psychodynamic relationships and the doctor team approach. The social pediatrician can play his role as the physician, advocate, activist and educationalist in the many complex situations revealed within family, community and society. PMID:569270

  16. Social Identity and Preferences*

    PubMed Central

    Benjamin, Daniel J.; Choi, James J.; Strickland, A. Joshua

    2009-01-01

    Social identities prescribe behaviors for people. We identify the marginal behavioral effect of these norms on discount rates and risk aversion by measuring how laboratory subjects’ choices change when an aspect of social identity is made salient. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make racial identity salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more patient choices. Making gender identity salient has no effect on intertemporal or risk choices. PMID:20871741

  17. Anti-Social Media

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-02-07

    What is the anti-social media? It can be many things, but this particular study from the Demos group "aims to inform the discussion over free speech and hate speech by examining specifically the way racial, religious and ethnic slurs are employed on Twitter." This 51-page paper from February 2014 looks into how various terms are deployed on Twitter via in-depth analysis. It's quite fascinating as the team looks at a wide range of terms and also offers some substantial analysis of their findings and the possible broader implications of their work. For fans and critics of social media alike, this is a great trove of information.

  18. The Health Communicator's Social Media Toolkit

    E-print Network

    Klein, Ophir

    July 2011 #12;#12;The Health Communicator's Social Media Toolkit Table of Contents Social Media Introduction Social Media Overview 1 Getting Your Feet Wet With Social Media 2 CDC's Top Lessons Learned from Using Social Media 4 Developing a Social Media Strategy 5 Social Media Monitoring and Evaluation 6

  19. Military Social Work: Opportunities and Challenges for Social Work Education

    PubMed Central

    Wooten, Nikki R.

    2015-01-01

    Military social work is a specialized field of practice spanning the micro-macro continuum and requiring advanced social work knowledge and skills. The complex behavioral health problems and service needs of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans highlight the need for highly trained social work professionals who can provide militarily-relevant and culturally-responsive evidence-informed services. Responding to the military behavioral health workforce and service needs of recently returned veterans presents both opportunities and challenges for military social work education. This article discusses the rationale for a military social work specialization, the need for military social work education, and opportunities and challenges for social work education. An integrated model of intellectual capital is proposed to guide strategic planning for future military social work education.

  20. Depersonalization/derealization during acute social stress in social phobia.

    PubMed

    Hoyer, Juergen; Braeuer, David; Crawcour, Stephen; Klumbies, Elisabeth; Kirschbaum, Clemens

    2013-03-01

    The present study aimed at investigating how frequently and intensely depersonalization/derealization symptoms occur during a stressful performance situation in social phobia patients vs. healthy controls, as well as testing hypotheses about the psychological predictors and consequences of such symptoms. N=54 patients with social phobia and N=34 control participants without mental disorders were examined prior to, during, and after a standardized social performance situation (Trier Social Stress Test, TSST). An adapted version of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale was applied along with measures of social anxiety, depression, personality, participants' subjective appraisal, safety behaviours, and post-event processing. Depersonalization symptoms were more frequent in social phobia patients (92%) than in controls (52%). Specifically in patients, they were highly positively correlated with safety behaviours and post-event-processing, even after controlling for social anxiety. The role of depersonalization/derealization in the maintenance of social anxiety should be more thoroughly recognized and explored. PMID:23434546

  1. Topological evolution of virtual social networks by modeling social activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Xin; Dong, Junyu; Tang, Ruichun; Xu, Mantao; Qi, Lin; Cai, Yang

    2015-09-01

    With the development of Internet and wireless communication, virtual social networks are becoming increasingly important in the formation of nowadays' social communities. Topological evolution model is foundational and critical for social network related researches. Up to present most of the related research experiments are carried out on artificial networks, however, a study of incorporating the actual social activities into the network topology model is ignored. This paper first formalizes two mathematical abstract concepts of hobbies search and friend recommendation to model the social actions people exhibit. Then a social activities based topology evolution simulation model is developed to satisfy some well-known properties that have been discovered in real-world social networks. Empirical results show that the proposed topology evolution model has embraced several key network topological properties of concern, which can be envisioned as signatures of real social networks.

  2. The Social Brain: Neural Basis of Social Knowledge

    E-print Network

    Dickerson, Brad

    The Social Brain: Neural Basis of Social Knowledge Ralph Adolphs California Institute of Technology FurtherANNUAL REVIEWS #12;Contents KNOWLEDGE OF MINDS . . . . . . . . . 694 Comparative Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694 Knowledge of the Minds of Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694 Knowledge

  3. Developmental pathways for social understanding: linking social cognition to social contexts.

    PubMed

    Brink, Kimberly A; Lane, Jonathan D; Wellman, Henry M

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary research, often with looking-time tasks, reveals that infants possess foundational understandings of their social worlds. However, few studies have examined how these early social cognitions relate to the child's social interactions and behavior in early development. Does an early understanding of the social world relate to how an infant interacts with his or her parents? Do early social interactions along with social-cognitive understandings in infancy predict later preschool social competencies? In the current paper, we propose a theory in which children's later social behaviors and their understanding of the social world depend on the integration of early social understanding and experiences in infancy. We review several of our studies, as well as other research, that directly examine the pathways between these competencies to support a hypothesized network of relations between social-cognitive development and social-interactive behaviors in the development from infancy to childhood. In total, these findings reveal differences in infant social competences that both track the developmental trajectory of infants' understanding of people over the first years of life and provide external validation for the large body of social-cognitive findings emerging from laboratory looking-time paradigms. PMID:26074859

  4. Developmental pathways for social understanding: linking social cognition to social contexts

    PubMed Central

    Brink, Kimberly A.; Lane, Jonathan D.; Wellman, Henry M.

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary research, often with looking-time tasks, reveals that infants possess foundational understandings of their social worlds. However, few studies have examined how these early social cognitions relate to the child’s social interactions and behavior in early development. Does an early understanding of the social world relate to how an infant interacts with his or her parents? Do early social interactions along with social-cognitive understandings in infancy predict later preschool social competencies? In the current paper, we propose a theory in which children’s later social behaviors and their understanding of the social world depend on the integration of early social understanding and experiences in infancy. We review several of our studies, as well as other research, that directly examine the pathways between these competencies to support a hypothesized network of relations between social-cognitive development and social-interactive behaviors in the development from infancy to childhood. In total, these findings reveal differences in infant social competences that both track the developmental trajectory of infants’ understanding of people over the first years of life and provide external validation for the large body of social-cognitive findings emerging from laboratory looking-time paradigms. PMID:26074859

  5. bilan social = 2012 2 mnhn = bilan social = 2012

    E-print Network

    bilan social = 2012 #12;2 mnhn = bilan social = 2012 1.1 / Enseignants chercheurs 4 1.2 / Personnel'Education Nationale et de l'Enseignement Supérieur (AENES) (ex-ASU) 5 1.4 / Personnel médico-social 6 1.5 / Personnel #12;3mnhn = bilan social = 2012 3.1 / Le temps partiel 27 3.1.1 / Positions administratives 27 3

  6. Social communication deficits: Specific associations with Social Anxiety Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Halls, Georgia; Cooper, Peter J.; Creswell, Cathy

    2015-01-01

    Background Social communication deficits are prevalent amongst children with anxiety disorders; however whether they are over-represented specifically among children with Social Anxiety Disorder has not been examined. This study set out to examine social communication deficits among children with Social Anxiety Disorder in comparison to children with other forms of anxiety disorder. Methods Parents of 404 children with a diagnosed anxiety disorder completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ; Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C., 2003. The Social Communication Questionnaire – Manual. Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, CA). Children with a diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder (n=262) and anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder (n=142) were compared on SCQ total and subscale scores and the frequency of participants scoring above clinical cut-offs. Results Children with Social Anxiety Disorder scored significantly higher than anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder on the SCQ total (t(352)=4.85, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), Reciprocal Social Interaction (t(351)=4.73, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), communication (t(344)=3.62, p<.001, d=.43, r=.21) and repetitive, restrictive and stereotyped behaviors subscales (t(353)=3.15, p=.002, d=.37, r=.18). Furthermore, children with Social Anxiety Disorder were three times more likely to score above clinical cut-offs. Limitations The participants were a relatively affluent group of predominantly non-minority status. The social communication difficulties measure relied on parental report which could be influenced by extraneous factors. Conclusions Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder may benefit from a specific focus on developing social communication skills. Future research using objective assessments of underlying social communication skills is required. PMID:25451393

  7. Personalized social search based on the user's social network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Carmel; Naama Zwerdling; Ido Guy; Shila Ofek-koifman; Nadav Har'el; Inbal Ronen; Erel Uziel; Sivan Yogev; Sergey Chernov

    2009-01-01

    This work investigates personalized social search based on the user's social relations { search results are re-ranked ac- cording to their relations with individuals in the user's social network. We study the eectiveness of several social network types for personalization: (1) Familiarity-based network of people related to the user through explicit familiarity con- nection; (2) Similarity-based network of people \\\\similar\\

  8. Mobilizing Social Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Falk, Richard

    1977-01-01

    The author sees a serious need to encourage training and research activities relating to long-term normative change in social, economic, political, and cultural systems, especially of transnational and global scales. He makes the judgment that we are in the midst of a transition process as fundamental as the convulsive process that accompanied the…

  9. Social Programs That Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crane, Jonathan, Ed.

    In recent years, social programs for the poor have lost the support of the American public. This book describes some of the very best programs and documents their benefits, demonstrating that we can, in fact, make substantial progress in the fight against educational failure, family dissolution, violent crime, substance abuse, unemployment, and…

  10. Social Balance Experiment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is the entry page for participation in the Social Balance Experiment. In this experiment, participants are asked to imagine that they are in a situation in which they have one of five feelings (love, like, neutral, dislike or hate) toward another person named Bill.

  11. Distributed social systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jon M. Kleinberg

    2006-01-01

    The study of large-scale networks has emerged over the past several years as a theme that spans many disciplines, ranging from computing and information science to the social and biological sciences. Indeed, a shared interest in network structure is arguably one of the forces that is helping draw many of these disciplines closer together. As one aspect of this broader

  12. Socialization of Novice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pogodzinski, Ben

    2012-01-01

    Guided by new structuralism theory, this study examined the context of novice teacher socialization, identified the frequency and substance of interactions between novice teachers and their mentors and other colleagues, and reported on novices' evaluation of the support that they received. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with…

  13. MEASUREMENT OF SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'SULLIVAN, MAUREEN; AND OTHERS

    EXPERIMENTAL TESTS (23) WERE CONSTRUCTED TO MEASURE CERTAIN BEHAVIORAL-COGNITION FACTORS OF SOCIAL ABILITY. THE TESTS, AS WELL AS 24 MARKER TESTS OF SEMANTIC AND FIGURAL ABILITY, WERE ADMINISTERED TO WHITE, MIDDLE-CLASS, AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE 11TH GRADERS (240). THE STIMULI CONSISTED MAINLY OF PHOTOGRAPHS, DRAWINGS, AND CARTOONS. WORDS WERE USED AS…

  14. Health and Social Justice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Prah Ruger

    Societies make decisions and take actions that profoundly impact the distribution of health. Why and how should collective choices be made, and policies implemented, to address health inequalities under conditions of resource scarcity? How should societies conceptualize and measure health disparities, and determine whether they've been adequately addressed? Who is responsible for various aspects of this important social problem? In

  15. Cyberbullying via Social Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whittaker, Elizabeth; Kowalski, Robin M.

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have witnessed a surge of research on cyberbullying. In this article, three studies examined prevalence rates of cyberbullying among college-age students, venues through which cyberbullying occurs, with a particular focus on social media, and perceptions of cyberbullying as a function of features of the target (e.g., peer, celebrity,…

  16. Early Childhood Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jantz, Richard K.; Seefeldt, Carol

    Noting ongoing difficulties in identifying the fundamental role of social studies in educating young children, this chapter focuses on how children begin to develop historical and geographic understanding. The chapter considers age-appropriate and developmental concerns and the role of national standards in history and geography. The chapter…

  17. "Socializing" Music Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, David J.

    2007-01-01

    While educators in other fields have made significant strides in incorporating issues of social justice in their foundations and curricula, and while a few music education theorists have labored to move everyone in this direction, music education lags behind. Hence the author's plan for this paper. First, the author reflects on the concept of…

  18. Dynamics of social queues.

    PubMed

    Toyoizumi, Hiroshi; Field, Jeremy

    2014-04-01

    Queues formed by social wasps to inherit the dominant position in the nest are analyzed by using a transient quasi-birth-and-death (QBD) process. We show that the extended nest lifespan due to division of labor between queen and helpers has a big impact on nest productivity. PMID:24378647

  19. Social Communications, Course Description.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Harry J.; Anderson, Floyd L.

    Using federal, state, and local funds, the Work Opportunity Center provides guidance, skill training, and supportive services for the dropout and/or hard-core unemployed youth 16 to 21 years of age. This paper describes the social communications course offered by the Center. Offering individual as well as group coverage, the course includes…

  20. Social Support and Cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick Irwin; Simon Kramer

    1989-01-01

    An hypothesized relationship between level of social support during a life-threatening health crisis and subsequent armelioration of psychological distress - the stress buffering hypothesis - was tested with a longitudinal, quasi-experimental research design. A sample of 181 adult patients who had recently been diagnosed with cancer and were about to undergo curative radition therapy was followed through two months post-treatment.

  1. Social Browsing on Flickr

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristina Lerman; Laurie Jones

    2006-01-01

    ABSTRACT The new social media sites — blogs, wikis, del.icio.us and Flickr, among others — underscore the transformation of the Web to a participatory medium,in which users are actively creating, evaluating and distributing information. The photosharing site Flickr, for example, allows users to upload photographs, view photos created by others, comment on those photos, etc. As is common to other

  2. Saving Social Security

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    1999-01-01

    The resources discussed in this week's In The News address saving Social Security. Perhaps the most successful and certainly the most popular of the New Deal social welfare programs, Social Security has made a critical difference in the living standards of many older Americans, especially women. However, the program faces difficulty in the years ahead because of the shifting demographic of the American population. An aging population means that, by about the year 2012, more money will be drawn for benefits than is received from payroll taxes, and by 2032, the system's trust fund will be empty. In his State of the Union address, the President signalled a new commitment by his administration to shore up Social Security, primarily by diverting 62 percent of the current and projected future budget surpluses. While some analysts and politicians are wary of the details, particularly the President's idea to invest a portion of this money in the stock market, on the whole, he has received substantial bipartisan support.

  3. Social Media Success Guide

    E-print Network

    Thomas, David D.

    name) is picked up by Google (blogs, news, real- time, discussions, etc.) Facebook BranchOut: (facebook time? 3. Be at the top. The top 28% of search engine results are social media sites ­ like Linked ­ Strategies..............................10 People Search vs Job Search

  4. Science and Social Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yankauer, Alfred

    1984-01-01

    Comments on the debate between Rush and Kotelchuck and colleagues, regarding the effects of WIC participation on pregnancy outcomes. Points out the dilemma posed by the need to justify maternal and child health programs by pointing to quantifiable gains, rather than by the advocacy of such programs as a social responsibility. (GC)

  5. Social Policy Report, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Ed.

    This document is comprised of the four 2002 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. The topics featured in each of the issues are: (1) "The Effects of Welfare Reform Policies on Children" (Pamela A. Morris); (2) "At What Age…

  6. Game Theory Social Intelligence

    E-print Network

    Polani, Daniel

    Game Theory Social Intelligence Daniel Polani Game Theory ­ p.1/11 Reminders: Dominance Def): an outcome is Pareto dominated if all players would prefer some other outcome. Game Theory ­ p.3/11 Dominance strategy. Game The #12;Comments on Game Theory Remark: if the prisoner's dilemma game is being iterated

  7. Student Services Go Social

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt; Gullon, Monica

    2009-01-01

    Like fine wines, Web 2.0 technologies get better with age. Gone are the days of the pointless chat room; this is the era of social networking juggernauts such as Facebook, MySpace, and Friendster. Services offered by these firms are helpful in facilitating connections among users in every industry and of every age. In higher education, however, a…

  8. The Social Justice Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, Gladys; Pollard, William

    2010-01-01

    This article shines an important light on the continuing struggle of disabled people for dignity, citizenship rights, and access to the marketplace. Common threads bind the struggle for basic human rights among disenfranchised groups, offer experience and approaches to facilitate change, and move society towards social justice. The philosophy…

  9. Social Frameworks of Sustainability

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Smith, Kim

    This presentation was given as part of Portland Community College's 2010 Summer Sustainability Institute. The presentation looks at how educators can connect career technical programs to their social contexts. The participants were asked to gather into small groups and discuss their sustainable teaching philosophies and other related issues. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  10. Formulación de proyectos sociales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Luis Morán Esparza

    2007-01-01

    El presente trabajo de Investigación versa sobre la elaboración de un sencillo procedimiento que permita a las comunidades pobres su propia elaboración de propuestas de proyectos sociales. En el se establecen los pasos para la realización del mismo al tiempo que se señalan los motivos legales que deben impulsar la realización y ejecución de los mismos con la participación de

  11. Social Studies Journal, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Leo R., Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This theme issue of the "Social Studies Journal" focuses on the worldwide conflict known in the United States as the French and Indian War (1754-1763). The volume is dedicated to examining the conflict in Pennsylvania. Western Pennsylvania became a battle-scarred landscape as the British and French, with their Native American allies, struggled for…

  12. Social Studies: Grade 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

  13. Biological versus Social Evolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boehm, Christopher; And Others

    1976-01-01

    Presents pro and con comments with regards to 1975 APA presidential address under the heading of biological versus social evolution. Other comments are subsumed under the headings of the genetic basis of behavior-especially of altruism, and the value of tradition. (Author/AM)

  14. Language As Social Event.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harste, Jerome C.

    A taxonomy developed for the study of the growth and development of written language from the perspective of social event was tested with a group of 68 children, aged three to six years. The subjects were presented with a wide variety of environmental print messages (road signs, toys, fast food signs, and household products) and were questioned…

  15. Social Separation in Monkeys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mineka, Susan; Suomi, Stephen J.

    1978-01-01

    Reviews phenomena associated with social separation from attachment objects in nonhuman primates. Evaluates four theoretical treatments of separation in light of existing data: Bowlby's attachment-object-loss theory, Kaufman's conservation-withdrawal theory, Seligman's learned helplessness theory, and Solomon and Corbit's opponent-process theory.…

  16. Whither Social Theory?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2014-01-01

    What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

  17. What Limits Social Spending?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter H. Lindert

    1996-01-01

    The forces that are most likely to set the ultimate limits on social spending as a share of GDP are not those usually imagined. The deadweight costs of such spending, and the taxes behind them, fail to show the predicted upward spiral. The experience of 1960–1981 shows a major role for shifts in relative age-group sizes, but with an approaching

  18. Sizing Up Social Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ostlund, Karen L.

    1992-01-01

    Describes how students' social skills can be assessed in the context of cooperative learning. Suggests that the following classroom protocols be assessed: (1) listen; (2) be responsible to others; (3) respect others; and (4) stay on task. Provides an assessment scale for these behaviors. (PR)

  19. SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University Fullerton, CA Handbook for Students 2009-2010 Third ...............................................................................................7 SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM GOALS.........................................................................................................10 Master of Social Work (MSW) Curriculum

  20. One Health in social networks and social media.

    PubMed

    Mekaru, S R; Brownstein, J S

    2014-08-01

    In the rapidly evolving world of social media, social networks, mobile applications and citizen science, online communities can develop organically and separately from larger or more established organisations. The One Health online community is experiencing expansion from both the bottom up and the top down. In this paper, the authors review social media's strengths and weaknesses, earlier work examining Internet resources for One Health, the current state of One Health in social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube) and online social networking sites (e.g. LinkedIn and ResearchGate), as well as social media in One Health-related citizen science projects. While One Health has a fairly strong presence on websites, its social media presence is more limited and has an uneven geographic distribution. In work following the Stone Mountain Meeting,the One Health Global Network Task Force Report recommended the creation of an online community of practice. Professional social networks as well as the strategic use of social media should be employed in this effort. Finally, One Health-related research projects using volunteers (citizen science) often use social media to enhance their recruitment. Including these researchers in a community of practitioners would take full advantage of their existing social media presence. In conclusion, the interactive nature of social media, combined with increasing global Internet access, provides the One Health community with opportunities to meaningfully expand their community and promote their message. PMID:25707189

  1. Coupling Social Solidarity and Social Harmony in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheung, Chau-kiu; Ma, Stephen Kan

    2011-01-01

    The various forms of social solidarity are empirically uncharted, especially in relation to social harmony. With respect to resource exchange theory, inclusive solidarity or intergroup acceptance is more conducive to social harmony than mechanical, organic, distributive, and dialogic forms of solidarity. The theoretical prediction holds in the…

  2. Mining Social Media with Social Theories: A Survey Jiliang Tang

    E-print Network

    Liu, Huan

    online activities and produces data in an unprecedented rate. Social me- dia data is big, linked, noisy, highly unstructured and in- complete, and differs from data in traditional data mining, which cultivates on large-scale so- cial media data. Social theories have been applied to mining social media

  3. SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beauchamp, Miriam H.; Anderson, Vicki

    2010-01-01

    Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social

  4. Doctor of Applied Social Research Applied Social Research Pathway

    E-print Network

    Little, Tony

    to study: · Children Families and Society · Crime, Welfare and Justice · Health Illness and DisabilityDASR Doctor of Applied Social Research Applied Social Research Pathway · The programme is intended in applied social research. It is directed towards building capacity in the analysis of policy and practice

  5. Is Social Enterprise the New Corporate Social Responsibility?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antony Page; Robert A. Katz

    2011-01-01

    The social enterprise movement and the corporate social responsibility (CSR) movement, including its progressive corporate law offshoot, appear to have much in common. They both seek a “better” world in a broadly left-liberal sense. Both want more businesses to take the interests of nonshareholder stakeholders seriously and to play a larger role in addressing pressing social and environmental problems. Yet

  6. Internet Paradox A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement

    E-print Network

    Kiesler, Sara

    Internet Paradox A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement and Psychological Well of their social circle, and in- creases in their depression and loneliness. These findings have implications for research, for public policy, and for the design of technology. Fifteen years ago, computers were mainly

  7. Using the General Social Survey to Investigate Social Relationships

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rongjun Sun

    This exercise for a Social Demography class utilizes General Social Survey data to analyze a problem of interest. This activity uses the data software on the SDA Archive. The SDA Archive is an easy-to-use tool to investigate U.S. trends using General Social Survey Data.

  8. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    /ethnic background. We use this information for statistical reports on how Social Security programs affect people. We Security number before), you must show us proof of : AGE, IDENTITY, and U.S. CITIZENSHIP or LAWFUL ALIENSOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card Applying for a Social

  9. Social Support, Social Loss and Positive and Negative Psychological Functioning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGowan, John R.

    While the relationship between stressful life events, social support, and health outcomes has received much attention, efforts to quantify social support and directly examine specific ameliorative effects have resulted in mixed findings. Direct and mediational effects of two psychometrically validated measures of perceived and received social

  10. Social Studies. Launch Pad: An Introduction to the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    The introductory social studies survey course required for grades 7 through 9, part of the Quinmester Program, attempts to help the student develop a cognitive structure in the social sciences generally and in each of seven disciplines. Emphasis is placed on basic skills the social scientist uses to study man and his problems. "Launch Pad" is a…

  11. The Social Brain: Neural Basis of Social Knowledge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph Adolphs

    2009-01-01

    Social cognition in humans is distinguished by psychological processes that allow us to make inferences about what is going on inside other people—their intentions, feelings, and thoughts. Some of these pro- cesses likely account for aspects of human social behavior that are unique, such as our culture and civilization. Most schemes divide social information processing into those processes that are

  12. Military Social Work: Opportunities and Challenges for Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wooten, Nikki R.

    2015-01-01

    Military social work is a specialized field of practice spanning the micro-macro continuum and requiring advanced social work knowledge and skills. The complex behavioral health problems and service needs of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans highlight the need for highly trained social work professionals who can provide militarily relevant and…

  13. Professional Socialization and Social Work Values: Who Are We Teaching?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephanie Valutis; Deborah Rubin; Melissa Bell

    2011-01-01

    Despite the centrality of values to professional socialization, the social work literature lacks an extensive exploration of the readiness of students to be socialized into the profession and taught the theoretical framework and skills for ethical decision making. This study explored the relationship between age, academic class standing, and identity development. Results indicated that the Identity Achievement status occurs later

  14. Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities and Women's Studies can lead to careers in child and youth protection services, women's shelters, sexual. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America. We

  15. Social Phobia and Social Anxiety as Components of Shyness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carducci, Bernardo J.; Hutzel, Karen; Morrison, Erin; Weyer, Christina Y.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the conceptual nature of shyness by examining its relationship with social phobia and social anxiety in a non-clinical sample. The participants in the present study were 132 introductory psychology students who completed the Cheek-Buss Shyness Scale (CBSS), Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), and Liebowitz…

  16. Social Trust, Social Partner Time and Television Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patulny, Roger

    2011-01-01

    Social trust is an important phenomenon, but the influence of important time-based measures upon trust has not been examined. Such measures include social contact and anti-social activity, such as television watching, which allows for the co-presence of other people. This paper reports on associations between trust and weighted means of co-present…

  17. Can social interaction constitute social Hanne De Jaegher1

    E-print Network

    Can social interaction constitute social cognition? Hanne De Jaegher1 , Ezequiel Di Paolo2 Sebastia´n, Spain 3 Department of Philosophy, Institute of Simulation and Training, University of CentralAB, UK An important shift is taking place in social cognition research, away from a focus

  18. Social Development:: 2 Year Olds

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Social Development: 2 Year Olds Article Body By nature, ... and they serve as valuable rehearsals for future social encounters. They’ll also help you appreciate the ...

  19. Social sensing and its display

    E-print Network

    Telhan, Orkan

    2007-01-01

    This thesis proposes a public interface that functions as a social catalyst in public spaces. Like a smart mirror, it intends to reflect the social identity of the environment and increase sensibility towards the place and ...

  20. Local Experts in Social Media 

    E-print Network

    Bachani, Vandana

    2013-12-04

    The problem of finding topic experts on social networking sites has been a continued topic of research. This thesis addresses the problem of identifying local experts in social media systems like Twitter. Local experts are experts with a topical...

  1. Founders of the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weakland, John E., Ed.

    1986-01-01

    Presents educational biographies of Henry Johnson, I. James Quillen, Lawrence E. Metcalf, and Shirley Engle; all considered founders of the social studies. Additional articles on defining the social studies, problem solving, and mentoring are included in this issue. (JDH)

  2. LOCATION AWARENESS: EXPLORING SOCIAL COORDINATION

    E-print Network

    Toronto, University of

    LOCATION AWARENESS: EXPLORING SOCIAL COORDINATION by David Dearman Submitted in partial fulfillment 2006 © Copyright by David Dearman, 2006 #12;ii DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF COMPUTER SCIENCE a thesis entitled "LOCATION AWARENESS: EXPLORING SOCIAL COORDINATION" by David Dearman in partial

  3. Measurement of Individual Social Capital

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Van Der Gaag; Martin Webber

    \\u000a The idea that social relationships can be conceptualized as potentially productive, “social” additions to personally owned\\u000a resources has been welcomed as an attractive, explanatory mechanism in many areas of social and economic research. The assessment\\u000a of resources embedded in social networks, potentially available to individuals or the larger community as a whole, has gradually\\u000a become an established extension to conceptual

  4. Psychopathology of Adolescent Social Phobia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah C. Beidel; Samuel M. Turner; Brennan J. Young; Robert T. Ammerman; Floyd R. Sallee; Lori Crosby

    2007-01-01

    Sixty-three adolescents with social phobia and 43 with no psychiatric disorders were compared across a number of clinical\\u000a variables. In addition to clinically impairing social fear, adolescents with social phobia had significantly higher levels\\u000a of loneliness, dysphoria, general emotional over-responsiveness and more internalizing behaviors than normal controls and\\u000a 57.1% of socially phobic adolescents had a second, concurrent diagnosis, 75% of

  5. Performance Management for Social Enterprises

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maureen Meadows; Matthew Pike

    2010-01-01

    All organisations face the challenge of how to assess performance beyond current financial metrics. These challenges are felt\\u000a especially strongly by social enterprises, organisations that use business methods to achieve social goals. Social enterprises\\u000a need to evidence superior social outcomes, are normally accountable to a complex range of stakeholders and yet are often rated\\u000a low to medium in terms of

  6. Las normas de derecho blando: un análisis jurídico de los efectos de la reserva de instrucción sobre el derecho territorial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Sánchez Pérez

    La autonomía territorial ha venido experimentado un lento proceso de “(de)constitucionalización” debido al uso inadecuado de lo que denominamos reserva de instrucción administrativa, sobre la que descansan las normas blandas cuyos efectos no se acondicionan al sistema de fuentes y su utilización ha terminado por provocar una rebeldía de la administración pública al principio de legalidad: circulares, protocolos, directivas, instrucciones,

  7. Social ties and health: A social neuroscience perspective

    PubMed Central

    Eisenberger, Naomi I.

    2013-01-01

    Research over the last several decades has shown that the health of the body is intimately tied to the strength of our social connections, but why? This article reviews evidence from affective and social neuroscience suggesting that, because of the importance of social ties for mammalian survival, threats to social connection are processed by some of the same neural regions that process basic threats to survival and consequently trigger physiological threat responses that have negative health implications. Likewise, social support is processed by some of the same neural regions that process safety or protection from basic threats and inhibit these same health-relevant physiological threat responses. PMID:23395461

  8. Social & Educational Contact with MSU

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    About ARF Advocacy Social & Educational Contact with MSU Membership Issue of Concern Forthcoming, ARF also strives to foster the benefits, interests and well-being of retired faculty through social process and one is directed at improving social contact among retirees. A list of current project teams

  9. Social Choice Majority Vote Graphs

    E-print Network

    Goddard, Wayne

    #12;Social Choice Majority Vote Graphs Supermajority Voting Supermajority Vote Graphs Clemson Miniconference on Discrete Mathematics October 2004 Craig A. Tovey Georgia Tech #12;Social Choice HOW should maximizes the probability of the better alternative being chosen. #12;Social Choice Majority Vote Graphs

  10. aco social, lembra o CNE

    E-print Network

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    É preciso melhorar a acção social, lembra o CNE Ensino superior Conselho Nacional de Educação fala- dade de garantir o bom funciona- mento dos serviços de acção social e de acabar com as diferenças nas introduzidas sucessivamente no sistema que têm inibido a acção social de cumprir integralmente o seu papel

  11. SOCIAL SCIENCE Carrot or stick?

    E-print Network

    Dieckmann, Ulf

    SOCIAL SCIENCE Carrot or stick? Rewards and punishments can cajole people into cooperating for behaviour across many domains of social life. Understanding the consequences of such `carrots and sticks-interest.Sohowdorewardsand punishmentscurbselfishnessandhelptomain- tain social order? A paper by Sasaki et al.9 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

  12. Social Competence: A Developmental Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Harris, Jerry D.

    1984-01-01

    Effective peer relations and the enhancement of social interactions in young children play a central role in the discussion of social competence. Developmental issues relevant to the assessment of social competence including perspective taking, conceptions of friendship, interpersonal strategies and problem solving, moral judgments, and…

  13. Social Justice Lessons and Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jason D.

    2011-01-01

    Assigning activities based on current or past events allows students to explore mathematics in a social context. Using social justice events in the mathematics classroom is a way for teachers to provide contextual problems that will reach all students and promote equity. Learning mathematics in an environment in which social issues are explored…

  14. Microscopic Social Influence Mudhakar Srivatsa

    E-print Network

    Liu, Ling

    influence his/her friends in a dynamic, network-wise manner (i.e., dependent on both social and object networked systems [1, 2, 3]. It is well recognized that social influence is one complex and subtle forceMicroscopic Social Influence Ting Wang Mudhakar Srivatsa Dakshi Agrawal Ling Liu IBM Research

  15. Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan L. Cutter; Bryan J. Boruff; W. Lynn Shirley

    2003-01-01

    County-level socioeconomic and demographic data were used to construct an index of social vulnerability to environmental hazards, called the Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI) for the United States based on 1990 data. Copyright (c) 2003 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

  16. Finding Articles Social Sciences Inquiry

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    Finding Articles Social Sciences Inquiry Info Lit @ Mac Nora Gaskin Reference Librarian Mills Articles in the Social Sciences 1. Finding references to articles 2. Getting the articles 3. Downloading and Social Sciences INNIS -- Business THODE -- Science and Engineering HEALTH Sciences #12;Inquiry 1SS3 Mills

  17. TEMPTATION AND SOCIAL SECURITY DISTORTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ALESSANDRO BUCCIOL

    I consider the saving and investment decisions of A merican and Italian consumers in a life- cycle model with temptation preferences. Comparing the choices with and without Social Secu- rity protection, I show that savings are postponed, less wealth is accumulated, and the portfolio share held in equities at retirement is larger with Social Security. Social Security distorts the decisions

  18. Social Justice and School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nastasi, Bonnie K.

    2008-01-01

    Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

  19. Social Pedagogy in Modern Times

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosendal Jensen, Niels

    2013-01-01

    The article identifies several key concepts used to describe and categorize social pedagogy. The first section of the paper establishes a framework for considering the diversity that characterizes the field, including reflection on social pedagogy's theoretical, political and social dimensions. This is followed by a discussion based on a…

  20. Emotion, Social Function, and Psychopathology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dacher Keltner; Ann M. Kring

    1998-01-01

    The studies of emotion function and emotional disorders complement one another. In this article, the authors outline relations between the social functions of emotion and four psychological disorders. The authors first present a social-functional account of emotion and argue that emotions help coordinate social interactions through their informative, evocative, and incentive functions. They then review evidence concerning the emotional and

  1. Social Studies: Issues and Methods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dynneson, Thomas L.

    This competency based workbook in social studies education provides information on developing teaching strategies and instructional materials. Designed for undergraduate students in social studies, student teachers, and methods instructors, it serves as a source of assignments for students, a guide in testing student competencies in social studies…

  2. Social Dilemma: A Teaching Game.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrod, Wendy J.

    1983-01-01

    Manageable in a 50-minute class with as many as 60 students, this game is designed to help college- level sociology students recognize (1) the reward structure leading to social dilemmas, (2) the individualistic strategy people follow in social dilemmas, and (3) the inefficacy and hypocrisy of communication in social dilemmas. (RM)

  3. Teaching Social Skills in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nowacek, E. Jane

    1988-01-01

    Many learning-disabled students experience social skill problems which call for training to promote success in school, work, and social settings. Social skill problems fall into three categories: skill deficits, performance deficits, and behavioral excesses. Interventions generally focus on increasing the individual's repertoire of skills, using…

  4. National Association of Social Workers

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Includes Raises for Clinical Social Workers Social Workers’ Perceptions of Workforce Challenges Survey NASW is revising its ... 50A937A0-9CB9-4432-BB3E-65FCB0B4DE9B', layer: ' Social Workers’ Perceptions of Workforce Challenges Survey In our continuing effort ...

  5. Seven Rules for Social Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firebaugh, Glenn

    2008-01-01

    "Seven Rules for Social Research" teaches social scientists how to get the most out of their technical skills and tools, providing a resource that fully describes the strategies and concepts no researcher or student of human behavior can do without. Glenn Firebaugh provides indispensable practical guidance for anyone doing research in the social

  6. Social Justice Language Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, Margaret R.

    2011-01-01

    Social justice language teacher education conceptualizes language teacher education as responding to social and societal inequities that result in unequal access to educational and life opportunities. In this volume authors articulate a global view of Social Justice Language Teacher Education, with authors from 7 countries offering a theorized…

  7. The social brain in adolescence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah-Jayne Blakemore

    2008-01-01

    The term 'social brain' refers to the network of brain regions that are involved in understanding others. Behaviour that is related to social cognition changes dramatically during human adolescence. This is paralleled by functional changes that occur in the social brain during this time, in particular in the medial prefrontal cortex and the superior temporal sulcus, which show altered activity

  8. Explorations in Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tie'er, Shi

    2013-01-01

    Social work education leans toward the applied approach emphasizing the practical and experiential. At present, many schools still offer social work education in the traditional academic model emphasizing textual learning. This approach is not suitable to the knowledge, student or teacher orientation in social work, and its pedagogy. To develop…

  9. College of Social Work Scholarships

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    College of Social Work Scholarships Complete Scholarship Name Application Deadline Date Contact://cosw.sc.edu/current-students/scholarships-and- fellowships Application Available at: College of Social Work PhD Program To receive scholarship, the student must be a current participant of the College of Social Work Doctoral Program. A participant is awarded

  10. Development and Socialization in Childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM A. CORSARO; Laura Fingerson

    In recent years, we have seen important changes in the conceptuaHzation of early child devel­ opment and socialization in psychology, sociology, and anthropology. In general, these changes involve more of a focus on children's agency in the socialization process, more con­ cern for the importance of social context, and agreement that children's experiences beyond their early years in the family

  11. Social Structure [ Construction no. 1

    E-print Network

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Social Structure [ Construction no. 1 ] Foster Gallery, LSU SEPTEMBER 6-9 Reception 6-8 pm, Sept 8 [ Construction no. 1 ] is an interactive audiovisual performance for voice, social media, interactive media, and constructed speaker blocks in which social media artifacts (tweets, Facebook statuses, 4Square locales, Flickr

  12. Social Education in Saudi Arabia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Jabr, Soliman M.

    1990-01-01

    Reveals some cultural aspects of Saudi Arabian Islamic society and the role social studies education plays in it. States that the National Council for the Social Studies in Saudia Arabia stipulates general social studies goals and allows teachers to make specific behavioral goals. Concludes that Saudi Arabian schools are becoming more modern. (GG)

  13. Service Learning and Political Socialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, Diana

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the link between political socialization scholarship and service learning. States that information gleaned from socialization research on adolescents' political identities and beliefs can inform service learning, asserting that the relationship between political socialization and service learning needs to be encouraged. (CMK)

  14. Education and the Social Sciences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redfield, Robert

    The document contains three essays, written in the 1940s, about the role of the social studies in general education. The first considers the significance of social science research. An understanding of what is involved when a social problem is studied scientifically is a major element in modern general education. Also, every student should know…

  15. Why Social Work Needs Mapping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillier, Amy

    2007-01-01

    Relative to other fields, social work has been slow to adopt geographic information systems (GIS) as a tool for research and practice. This paper argues that GIS can benefit social work by: (1) continuing and strengthening the social survey tradition; (2) providing a framework for understanding human behavior; (3) identifying community needs and…

  16. Social network visualization in epidemiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas A. Christakis; James H. Fowler

    2009-01-01

    Epidemiological investigations and interventions are increasingly focusing on social networks. Two aspects of social networks are relevant in this regard: the structure of networks and the function of networks. A better understanding of the processes that determine how networks form and how they operate with respect to the spread of behavior holds promise for improving public health. Visualizing social networks

  17. Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments

    E-print Network

    Bakshy, Eytan; Yan, Rong; Rosenn, Itamar; 10.1145/2229012.2229027

    2012-01-01

    Social advertising uses information about consumers' peers, including peer affiliations with a brand, product, organization, etc., to target ads and contextualize their display. This approach can increase ad efficacy for two main reasons: peers' affiliations reflect unobserved consumer characteristics, which are correlated along the social network; and the inclusion of social cues (i.e., peers' association with a brand) alongside ads affect responses via social influence processes. For these reasons, responses may be increased when multiple social signals are presented with ads, and when ads are affiliated with peers who are strong, rather than weak, ties. We conduct two very large field experiments that identify the effect of social cues on consumer responses to ads, measured in terms of ad clicks and the formation of connections with the advertised entity. In the first experiment, we randomize the number of social cues present in word-of-mouth advertising, and measure how responses increase as a function of...

  18. Semantic Social Software: Semantically Enabled Social Software or Socially Enabled Semantic Web?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sebastian Schaert

    Semantic Social Software - the combination of social soft- ware and Semantic Web technology - has recently been gaining signif- icant attention in the Semantic Web community. This article first dis- cusses the two dierent perspectives the research community takes on \\

  19. Social tie, social capital, and social behavior: Toward an integrative model of informal exchange

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Ping Li

    2007-01-01

    What is the unique nature of social capital that differentiates itself from other forms of capital? How should we conceptualize\\u000a and operationalize social capital? What are the major drivers and outcomes of social capital? To address the three questions,\\u000a I apply the duality lens—the perspective of regarding each entity as a paradox consisting of two contrasting yet interdependent\\u000a components—to social

  20. Social Criticism Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Frequently updated, this site serves as a well-linked gateway to leftist-friendly reviews, studies, and articles available on the Web on a variety of topics. Some of the dozens of subject headings offered here include "progress and its critics; Science in a free society: open to criticism; rationalism: a guiding principle gone astray; technology and its social side effects; debt boomerang of the Third World; the counterproductive end of economic growth" and many others. Most of these headings have roughly a dozen or more links to articles and reviews by progressive scholars and journalists. The lack of annotations or dates for entries are a drawback, but the volume and breadth of materials offered here makes the site a valuable resource for those wishing to access social criticism from the left online.

  1. The Automaticity of Social Life

    PubMed Central

    Bargh, John A.; Williams, Erin L.

    2008-01-01

    Much of social life is experienced through mental processes that are not intended and about which one is fairly oblivious. These processes are automatically triggered by features of the immediate social environment, such as the group memberships of other people, the qualities of their behavior, and features of social situations (e.g., norms, one's relative power). Recent research has shown these nonconscious influences to extend beyond the perception and interpretation of the social world to the actual guidance, over extended time periods, of one's important goal pursuits and social interactions. PMID:18568084

  2. Multimodal transformed social interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Turk; Jeremy N. Bailenson; Andrew C. Beall; Jim Blascovich; Rosanna E. Guadagno

    2004-01-01

    Understanding human-human interaction is fundamental to the long-term pursuit of powerful and natural multimodal interfaces. Nonverbal communication, including body posture, gesture, facial expression, and eye gaze, is an important aspect of human-human interaction. We introduce a paradigm for studying multimodal and nonverbal communication in collaborative virtual environments (CVEs) called Transformed Social Interaction (TSI), in which a user's visual representation is

  3. Grandpa's Social Security

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This simple example shows how algebra can be useful in the real world by exploring the question: Should Grandpa start receiving his Social Security benefits at age 62 or should he wait until age 65? This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

  4. Brain reading social action

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Riccardo Viale

    2011-01-01

    What mechanism guides the social researcher in inferring a choice of action from particular beliefs and desires of the agent\\u000a or in reconstructing the beliefs and desires that caused an action? Through the identification process, the researcher should\\u000a be able to intercept the inferential principles guiding the agent, even when those principles differ from his own. As when\\u000a dealing with

  5. Housework and social policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Makiko Fuwa; Philip N. Cohen

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the effects of social policy regarding women’s employment and work-family conflict on the division of household labor in 33 countries. We classify policies according to Chang’s (2000) equality of access (affirmative action and absence of discriminatory policy) and substantive benefits (parental leave and childcare services). Results show that countries without prohibitions against certain types of employment for women,

  6. Social marketing and social influences: Using social ecology as a theoretical framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katie Collins; Alan Tapp; Ashley Pressley

    2010-01-01

    Social marketing has traditionally been dominated by an individualistic model of design. In this work, the authors apply a social ecology model to the theory and practice of social marketing, demonstrating that a multilevel framework is required to fully expose and account for the complexity of sociocultural and environmental effects. The authors have generated a diagnostic tool for this use.

  7. Do pro-social and anti-social attitudes determine an individual's happiness and social support? 

    E-print Network

    Kellett, Sarah

    2008-06-23

    -social attitudes will have decreased levels of perceived social support and SWB. Prior research, although not having examined this link directly, is indicative that this pattern may be found. Pro-social attitudes were judged in terms of altruism, and anti...

  8. Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale.

    PubMed

    Contractor, Noshir S; DeChurch, Leslie A

    2014-09-16

    The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one person's attitudes and behaviors affect another's) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the "who" and the "how" of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

  9. Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: From Social Stimuli Processing to Social Engagement

    PubMed Central

    Billeke, Pablo; Aboitiz, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    Social cognition consists of several skills which allow us to interact with other humans. These skills include social stimuli processing, drawing inferences about others’ mental states, and engaging in social interactions. In recent years, there has been growing evidence of social cognitive impairments in patients with schizophrenia. Apparently, these impairments are separable from general neurocognitive impairments, such as attention, memory, and executive functioning. Moreover, social cognition seems to be a main determinant of functional outcome and could be used as a guide to elaborate new pharmacological and psychological treatments. However, most of these studies focus on individual mechanisms and observational perspectives; only few of them study schizophrenic patients during interactive situations. We first review evidences of social cognitive impairments both in social stimuli processing and in mental state attribution. We focus on the relationship between these functions and both general cognitive impairments and functional outcome. We next review recent game theory approaches to the study of how social engagement occurs in schizophrenic patients. The advantage of using game theory is that game-oriented tasks can assess social decision making in an interactive everyday situation model. Finally, we review proposed theoretical models used to explain social alterations and their underlying biological mechanisms. Based on interactive studies, we propose a framework which takes into account the dynamic nature of social processes. Thus, understanding social skills as a result of dynamical systems could facilitate the development of both basic research and clinical applications oriented to psychiatric populations. PMID:23444313

  10. Social Literacy: A Social Skills Seminar for Young Adults with ASDs, NLDs, and Social Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Mary Riggs

    2011-01-01

    All adults need strong social skills to find and keep a job, establish relationships, and participate fully in adult life--but building these skills can be a special challenge for people with autism, Asperger syndrome, nonverbal learning disorder, social anxiety, and other disorders affecting social learning. Give them the essential support they…

  11. Social Psychology Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Plous, Scott

    With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâ??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâ??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâ??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

  12. Socially synchronized circadian oscillators

    PubMed Central

    Bloch, Guy; Herzog, Erik D.; Levine, Joel D.; Schwartz, William J.

    2013-01-01

    Daily rhythms of physiology and behaviour are governed by an endogenous timekeeping mechanism (a circadian ‘clock’). The alternation of environmental light and darkness synchronizes (entrains) these rhythms to the natural day–night cycle, and underlying mechanisms have been investigated using singly housed animals in the laboratory. But, most species ordinarily would not live out their lives in such seclusion; in their natural habitats, they interact with other individuals, and some live in colonies with highly developed social structures requiring temporal synchronization. Social cues may thus be critical to the adaptive function of the circadian system, but elucidating their role and the responsible mechanisms has proven elusive. Here, we highlight three model systems that are now being applied to understanding the biology of socially synchronized circadian oscillators: the fruitfly, with its powerful array of molecular genetic tools; the honeybee, with its complex natural society and clear division of labour; and, at a different level of biological organization, the rodent suprachiasmatic nucleus, site of the brain's circadian clock, with its network of mutually coupled single-cell oscillators. Analyses at the ‘group’ level of circadian organization will likely generate a more complex, but ultimately more comprehensive, view of clocks and rhythms and their contribution to fitness in nature. PMID:23825203

  13. Social support: diverse theoretical perspectives.

    PubMed

    Stewart, M J

    1989-01-01

    The useful predictions and interpretations about social support which can be derived from attribution, coping, equity, loneliness and social comparison theories have typically not been recognized. Attribution theory can enable explanation of motives of donors, the phenomena of help-seeking and helping, and negative effects of support efforts. Coping theory demonstrates how social support and coping interface in the stress process; adds a cognitive dimension to support; and considers costs of support. Equity theory explains reactions to support from donor and recipient viewpoints and the reciprocal nature of social support. Loneliness theory attests to the significance of social relationships and emphasizes the affective dimension of support. Social comparison theory is helpful in interpreting positive and debilitating effects of support when the donor is a peer. Further, these five theories enhance theoretical interpretation of social support through their distinctive explanations of the concepts of 'appraisal' and 'helping'. Relevance to health professional assessment and practice can be delineated. PMID:2660282

  14. IBM Software Group Whitepaper The Social Business

    E-print Network

    of the Social Business. Just as the Internet changed the marketplace forever, the integration of social it is the dawn of a new era ­ the era of the Social Business. A similar tectonic shift in the marketplace as social computing and social media are integrated into enterprise design. What does it mean to be a Social

  15. Faculty of Social Science 1 Discovering

    E-print Network

    Denham, Graham

    Faculty of Social Science 1 Discovering Our Social World #12;2 Faculty of Social Science Welcome to the Faculty of Social Science at Western Joan Finegan Associate Dean, Faculty of Social Science W hen you Study Social Science at WeStern, you will embark on an academic journey like no other with unique

  16. Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook September 2012 Helen Bader School of Social://www.uwm.edu/Dept/SSW #12;Department of Social Work Mission To promote and effect positive change through social work of social justice. To create and disseminate knowledge leading to social work and inter

  17. Supplementary application information of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    Supplementary application information Bachelor of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Your service/social change experience Human service/social change is defined as providing social work related to application form for guidelines. Education equity Both Carleton University and the School of Social Work have

  18. Cognitive Social Simulation Incorporating Cognitive Architectures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Sun

    2007-01-01

    Agent-based social simulation modeling, a social phenomena on the basis of models of autonomous agents has grown tremendously in recent decades. Researchers use this approach to study a wide range of social and economic issues, including social beliefs and norms, resource allocation, traffic patterns, social cooperation, stock market dynamics, group interaction and dynamics, and organizational decision making. Agent-based social simulation

  19. Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds

    PubMed Central

    White, David J.; Gersick, Andrew S.; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

    2012-01-01

    The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of ‘social complexity’ across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments ‘trained’ individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

  20. Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds.

    PubMed

    White, David J; Gersick, Andrew S; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

    2012-07-01

    The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of 'social complexity' across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments 'trained' individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

  1. Cultural Aspects in Social Anxiety and Social Anxiety Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Hofmann, Stefan G.; Asnaani, Anu; Hinton, Devon E.

    2010-01-01

    To examine cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder (SAD), we reviewed the literature on the prevalence rates, expressions, and treatments of social anxiety/SAD as they relate to culture, race, and ethnicity. We further reviewed factors that contribute to the differences in social anxiety/SAD between different cultures, including individualism/collectivism, perception of social norms, self-construal, gender roles, and gender role identification. Our review suggests that the prevalence and expression of social anxiety/SAD depends on the particular culture. Asian cultures typically show the lowest rates, whereas Russian and US samples show the highest rates, of SAD. Taijin kyofusho is discussed as a possible culture-specific expression of social anxiety, although the empirical evidence concerning the validity of this syndrome has been mixed. It is concluded that the individual's social concerns need to be examined in the context of the person's cultural, racial, and ethnic background in order to adequately assess the degree and expression of social anxiety and social anxiety disorder. This has direct relevance for the upcoming DSM-V. PMID:21132847

  2. Implicit associations and social anxiety.

    PubMed

    Westberg, Peter; Lundh, Lars-Gunnar; Jönsson, Peter

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to test whether an Implicit Association Test (IAT) with self- and social anxiety-words is sensitive to differences in trait social anxiety, and to an experimental induction of social anxiety. This was performed in the context of a partial replication of a previous study, in which Mauss et al. (2004) compared high and low trait socially anxious individuals before and after a social anxiety induction (an impromptu speech). Mauss et al.'s findings were replicated; that is, (i) the social anxiety induction produced increases in self-rated anxiety, self-rated physiological responses, and actual physiological arousal; and (ii) higher trait social anxiety was associated with stronger self-rated anxiety and stronger self-rated physiological responses, but not with stronger actual physiological responses. In addition, the results showed higher IAT social anxiety scores, both (i) as a result of the social anxiety induction, and (ii) as a function of self-reported trait social anxiety. It is suggested that the IAT may be a useful method for the experimental study of automatic evaluational thought patterns. PMID:17364651

  3. Moving in Social Circles – Social Circle Membership and Performance Implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Willem Verbeke; Stefan Wuyts

    2006-01-01

    We investigate social circles in intra-firm settings. First, we argue that social circles are inhabited by individuals whose attitudes display fit with the objectives of the social circle rather than more self-centered instrumentalism or calculation. For a test of this hypothesis, we distinguish between friendship circles and strategy-influence circles. We find that friendship circle membership is positively associated with attitudes

  4. Improved community model for social networks based on social mobility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Zhe-Ming; Wu, Zhen; Luo, Hao; Wang, Hao-Xian

    2015-07-01

    This paper proposes an improved community model for social networks based on social mobility. The relationship between the group distribution and the community size is investigated in terms of communication rate and turnover rate. The degree distributions, clustering coefficients, average distances and diameters of networks are analyzed. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model possesses the small-world property and can reproduce social networks effectively and efficiently.

  5. Seeing People in Social Context: Recognizing People and Social Relationships

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Gallagher; David Forsyth; Jiebo Luo

    2010-01-01

    The people in an image are generally not strangers, but instead often share social relationships such as husband-wife, siblings, grandparent-child, father-child, or mother-child. Further, the social re- lationship between a pair of people in?uences the relative position and appearance of the people in the image. This paper explores using familial social relationships as context for recognizing people and for recognizing

  6. Social anxiety modulates amygdala activation during social conditioning.

    PubMed

    Pejic, Tanja; Hermann, Andrea; Vaitl, Dieter; Stark, Rudolf

    2013-03-01

    Aversive social learning experiences might play a significant role in the aetiology of social anxiety disorder. Therefore, we investigated emotional learning and unlearning processes in healthy humans using a social conditioning paradigm. Forty-nine healthy subjects participated in a 2-day fMRI differential conditioning protocol. Acquisition and extinction were conducted on Day 1 and extinction recall on Day 2. BOLD responses, ratings and skin conductance responses were collected. Our data indicate successful conditioning and extinction on the neural and subjective level. As a main result, we observed a positive correlation of social anxiety and conditioning responses on the subjective level (valence and fear) as well as on the neural level with significant CS(+)/CS(-) differentiation in the left amygdala and the left hippocampus. Further, significant CS(+)/CS(-) differentiation in the left amygdala was found during extinction and was associated with lower scores in social anxiety. During extinction recall, we found a tendentially negative correlation of social anxiety and CS(+)/CS(-) differentiation in the vmPFC. In sum, we were able to show that social anxiety is related to conditionability with socially threatening stimuli. This could point to an important aspect in the aetiology of social anxiety disorder. PMID:22198970

  7. The social value requirement reconsidered.

    PubMed

    Wertheimer, Alan

    2015-06-01

    It is widely assumed that it is ethical to conduct research with human subjects only if the research has social value. There are two standard arguments for this view. The allocation argument claims that public funds should not be devoted to research that lacks social value. The exploitation avoidance argument claims that subjects are exploited if research has no social value. The primary purpose of this article is to argue that these arguments do not succeed. The allocation argument has little relevance to commercial research. Social value is not necessary to avoid exploitation if subjects benefit from participation. Although the standard arguments for a social value requirement do not succeed, that view might be justified in a different way. It might be justified by appeal to the importance of social trust or the integrity of physician investigators. It is possible but doubtful that these arguments succeed. PMID:25470450

  8. World Social Science Report 2010

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Where are people most likely to study the social sciences? Where are most of the academic publications in social sciences based? These are but a few of the questions asked (and answered) within the pages of the World Social Sciences Report 2010. The report was compiled by a blue-ribbon panel of social science experts. Interestingly, this report was a follow-up to the World Social Science Report published in 1999. The report has a number of positive findings, including the observation that the social sciences are "taught almost everywhere and their research results are widely disseminated, increasingly by new information technologies." The full report is 444-pages, and it includes chapters on the fragmentation of knowledge, the divide between academic disciplines, and the "sometimes tense relations between academics and society." For those who might be pressed for time, there is also a 28-page executive summary available here. [KMG

  9. Vocal communication in social groups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudia Fichtel; Marta Manser

    \\u000a Vocal communication plays a particularly important role in the regulation of social interactions and in the coordination of\\u000a activities in many mammals and birds that are organised into social groups. Previous research on the function and evolution\\u000a of vocal signals has mainly considered dyadic interactions of a signaller and its addressed receiver. However, in social groups\\u000a it is likely that

  10. Parental Anti-Smoking Socialization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William W. Hale; III; W. H. J. Meeus; Rutger C. M. E. Engels

    2006-01-01

    This longitudinal study of 600 families concentrates on the influence of parental anti-smoking socialization by examining both (a) the effects of eight indicators of anti-smoking socialization on adolescent smoking and (b) the influence of parental smoking on the effectiveness of their anti-smoking socialization. Robust differences between smoking and non-smoking parents demonstrated that both kinds of families hold different norms and

  11. Social Identity and Intergroup Conflict

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ananthi Al Ramiah; Miles Hewstone; Katharina Schmid

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores why people identify with social groups and what this identification signifies for their sense of self,\\u000a status in society and intergroup conflict. We describe various theories of social identity to elucidate ways in which individuals\\u000a can negotiate their different social identities, and what this means for intergroup relations. We consider the implications\\u000a for both majority and minority

  12. Social ties and mental health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ichiro Kawachi; Lisa F. Berkman

    2001-01-01

    It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted\\u000a review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined\\u000a as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First,\\u000a the pathways by which social networks

  13. Palliative social media.

    PubMed

    Taubert, Mark; Watts, Gareth; Boland, Jason; Radbruch, Lukas

    2014-03-01

    The uses of social media have become ubiquitous in contemporary society at an astonishingly fast-paced rate. The internet and in particular platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are now part of most people's vocabulary and are starting to replace many face-to-face interactions. The online world, in particular, is alive with discussions, comments and anecdotes about the topics of illness, disease, hospitals, death and dying. The topic of death and dying had in the not too distant past been seen as taboo, but willingness and need to talk openly about it appears to be on the increase. In parallel to this, many public awareness campaigns are highlighting society's need to be more prepared for dying and death. This will have a significant impact on the way terminally ill patients and their families approach the last years, months and weeks of their lives and how they might expect palliative health and social care professionals working with them through these difficult periods to interact with them. We pay particular attention to the areas of digital posterity creation and memorialisation within the wider holistic context of end-of-life care. PMID:24644766

  14. Health equity and social justice.

    PubMed

    Peter, F

    2001-01-01

    There is consistent and strong empirical evidence for social inequalities in health, as a vast and growing literature shows. In recent years, these findings have helped to move health equity high on international research and policy agendas. This paper examines how the empirical identification of social inequalities in health relates to a normative judgment about health inequities and puts forward an approach which embeds the pursuit of health equity within the general pursuit of social justice. It defends an indirect approach to health equity, which views social inequalities in health as unjust in so far as they are the result of an unjust basic structure of society in Rawls' sense. PMID:11785544

  15. Social Security Death Index (SSDI)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    The Social Security Death Index (SSDI), provided by Infobases, Inc., is a searchable database of the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). DMF "contains over 50 million records created from SSA payment records." The database can contain name, social security number, date of birth, date of death, and last residence/lump sum payment information when available, and can be searched on those criteria. Search help is available from the home page. Note that this is not an index of everyone who has died in the United States, but rather an index of people who had Social Security Benefits when they died.

  16. Classical social theories - nine lectures

    E-print Network

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2005-01-06

    , Book I (chs 1#30;10), Book III. Lecture 4. Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) The impact of the French, American, industrial and urban revolutions on social thought. The break#30;down of the ancien regime and emergence of a new social order... on numerous theoretical topics (e.g. social structure) and individual thinkers (e.g. Montesquieu) in both the first and second edition of Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, a multi#30;volume work. It is often worth starting with an overview from an article...

  17. Social Inference Risk Modeling in Mobile and Social Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Motahari; Sotirios G. Ziavras; Mor Naaman; Mohamed Ismail; Quentin Jones

    2009-01-01

    The emphasis of emerging mobile and Web 2.0 applications on collaboration and communication increases threats to user privacy. A serious, yet under researched privacy risk results from social inferences about user identity, location and other personal information. In this paper, after analyzing the social inference problem theoretically, we assess the extent of the risk to users of computer mediated communication

  18. Social Identity Change: Shifts in Social Identity during Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanti, Chris; Stukas, Arthur A.; Halloran, Michael J.; Foddy, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the proposition that adolescence involves significant shifts in social identity as a function of changes in social context and cognitive style. Using an experimental design, we primed either peer or gender identity with a sample of 380 early- (12-13 years), mid- (15-16 years), and late-adolescents (18-20 years) and then…

  19. Introduction to Social Media in Social Informatics Minitrack

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toshizumi Ohta; Isamu Okada; Hitoshi Yamamoto; Hirohiko Suwa

    2012-01-01

    Our minitrack aims to 1) Explore the impacts of social media, such as BBS, Wiki, blog, SNS, twitter and so on, with respect to human behavior and choices in everyday life. 2) Develop the concepts and technologies, such as knowledge creation, data-mining, and so on, for effective sharing of information and knowledge among people by the social media.

  20. Attitudes in social context: A social identity perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael A. Hogg; Joanne R. Smith

    2007-01-01

    Research on attitudes and attitude phenomena occupies a central place in social psychology, but tends to focus mainly on cognitive, intra-individual, and interpersonal dimensions. The normative, group membership, and identity dimensions of attitudes tend to attract less attention. This article approaches attitudes from the perspective of research on group processes, intergroup relations, and social identity, and conceptualises attitudes and attitude

  1. Developmental and Social Determinants of Religious Social Categorization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Straten Waillet, Nastasya; Roskam, Isabelle

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess developmental and social determinants of the age at which children become aware that the social environment can be marked by categorization into religious groups and that those groups are associated with different religious beliefs. The results show that middle childhood is a critical period for this…

  2. THE HISTORY OF SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL WELFARE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leslie Leighninger

    2007-01-01

    Social work as a profession grew chiefly out of the development of social welfare policies and programs in the United States, Europe, and Muslim countries. Judeo-Christian and Muslim practices and beliefs underlie many of the early attempts to provide help to the poor, the sick, widows, orphans, the \\

  3. Designing social presence of social actors in human computer interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kwan Min Lee; Clifford Nass

    2003-01-01

    This study examines the interaction effect between user factors and media factors on feelings of social presence which are critical in the design of virtual reality systems and human computer interfaces. Both Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 show that matching synthesized voice personality to user personality positively affects users' (especially extrovert users') feelings of social presence. Experiment 2 also reveals

  4. Self-focused attention in social phobia and social anxiety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jane M. Spurr; Lusia Stopa

    2002-01-01

    Self-focused attention is an awareness of self-referent information and is present in many emotional disorders. This review concentrates on the role of self-focused attention in social anxiety with particular reference to the Clark and Wells [Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. R. G. Heimberg, M. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & S.

  5. "Teacher, What Are Social Justice and Social Change?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas-Fair, Ursula; Michael, Karen Hubbard

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this action research presentation is to invite discourse on racial equality and social justice with young children. Strategies include using children's literature in conjunction with Georgia's Power Standards for Social Studies. Methodology: This action research project took place in a suburban kindergarten with learners of…

  6. Political Socialization and Social Studies Education: Reassessing the Conventional Wisdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Murry R.

    1989-01-01

    Critically examines the political socialization research over the past 30 years as to method, sample, size, and results. Reassesses studies that have been most cited and those that have been ignored. Raises questions about political socialization that have not been addressed or have been inadequately addressed. (KO)

  7. Social Constructionist Arguments in Hardings Science and Social Inequality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alison Wylie

    2008-01-01

    Harding’s aim in Science and Social Inequality is to integrate the insights generated by diverse critiques of conventional ideals of truth, value freedom, and unity in science, and to chart a way forward for the sciences and for science studies. Wylie assesses this synthesis as a genre of social constructionist argument and illustrates its implications for questions of epistemic warrant

  8. Campus Limpertsberg 19 November 2013 Social Enterprise and Social Innovation

    E-print Network

    van der Torre, Leon

    metrics: absolute impact metrics (used at the level of enterprises to measure business performance industry in the bestselling Euromoney book, "Exposed to the J-curve - Understanding and Managing PrivateCampus Limpertsberg ­ 19 November 2013 Social Enterprise and Social Innovation Public lecture 19

  9. SocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics

    E-print Network

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    SocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics Ziming Zhao, Gail-Joon Ahn evidence. We also demonstrate the feasibility and appli- cability of our approach by implementing a proof-of-concept's malware-infected computers are deliberately grouped as large scale de- structive botnets to steal

  10. Student Perceptions of Social Justice and Social Justice Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Steele, Cheronda; Schulz, Erica; Taha, Farah; Pico, Chantal

    2014-01-01

    Encouraging students to engage in activities that actively seek to promote social justice is a goal of many educators. This study analyzed college student perceptions around social justice and related activities in a medium-sized, urban university in the United States. Students' open-ended responses to questions assessing their perceptions of…

  11. Latin American Social Medicine and Global Social Medicine

    PubMed Central

    Yamada, Seiji

    2003-01-01

    A fundamental change in the theory underlying public health and medicine is needed. Latin American social medicine (LASM), originating in a region of the world that has been subjected to colonial and postcolonial influence, will be part of this change. To the extent that the social production of disease among people in other regions is a consequence of various large-scale forms of domination, LASM offers a relevant analysis, models of resistance, and exemplars of social medicine in practice. I draw upon LASM to examine the social production of disease in the Marshall Islands and Iraq. I suggest a basis for a global social medicine in the shared experience of suffering and describe implications for public health theory and practice. PMID:14652319

  12. [Social cohesion and regional integration: the MERCOSUR social agenda and the integrationist social policy major challenges].

    PubMed

    Draibe, Sônia Miriam

    2007-01-01

    In the consolidation of the Southern Cone Common Market (MERCOSUR), social policies are still in the embryonic stage. However, since the latter half of the 1990s there has been a speedup in the creation of institutions dedicated to such policies with the Common Market's framework. This article focuses on health policy and the broader social policy system in order to identify the reasons for the imbalance, through three movements: reconstitution of the history of the institutional construction of social policies in MERCOSUR; identification and comparison of the successive strategies for the formulation and implementation of the social integration agenda; and reflection on the current dilemmas and challenges faced by the process. According to the study, MERCOSUR operates with strategies that are difficult to mutually reconcile. On the institutional level, it follows a minimalist strategy, while on the conceptual/ discursive level it adopts a maximalist strategy for supranational unification of social policies. The fact is that it operates a minimalist social policy strategy, since it fails to bring to the field of social integration the debate and proposals on economic and social development models that could sustain the effective construction of regional social citizenship. PMID:17625644

  13. Alienation and the Ontology of Social Structure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segalman, Ralph

    Theoretical models of social structure are analyzed in light of modern work patterns, social affiliations, and social attitudes. It is hypothesized that previous paradigms for society were based on classic theory which analyzed the then emergent forms of social structure and relationships. Because social structures and relationships have changed,…

  14. Social and Emotional Learning in Middle School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Howard E.; Larson, Susan

    1999-01-01

    Discusses what social and emotional learning is; why it is necessary; what its key concepts and goals are; and why it is necessary to focus on social and emotional learning in the middle grades. Discusses how social and emotional learning is related to the social studies. Describes ways middle-school social-studies teachers can foster such…

  15. Languages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Languages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Sociology BSc (Hons) Social Policy BSc (Hons) Sociology and Social Policy BSc (Hons) Social Sciences #12;www.bath.ac.uk/sps Welcome from the Head of Department The Department of Social and Policy Sciences is a leading centre

  16. Social Informatics Last updated: April 2014

    E-print Network

    Menczer, Filippo

    Social Informatics Last updated: April 2014 Rob Kling Center for Social Informatics Departmental URL: rkcsi.indiana.edu/ Curriculum Ph.D. Minor in Social Informatics Social Informatics (SI) refers) that takes into account their interaction with institutional and cultural contexts. Social Informatics

  17. Will Learning Social Inclusion Assist Rural Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchant, Jillian

    2013-01-01

    Current research on social networks in some rural communities reports continuing demise despite efforts to build resilient communities. Several factors are identified as contributing to social decline including globalisation and rural social characteristics. Particular rural social characteristics, such as strong social bonds among members of…

  18. A Parent's Guide to the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roselle, Daniel

    1974-01-01

    This guide gives parents answers to seven questions: (1) What are the social studies? (2) How are the social studies taught? (3) Why do social studies educators say that knowing information is not enough? (4) Why are there so many social studies courses? (5) What is happening to the language of the social studies? (6) What issues are discussed in…

  19. Social Media Mining: Fundamental Issues and Challenges

    E-print Network

    Liu, Huan

    Social Media Mining: Fundamental Issues and Challenges Mohammad Ali Abbasi, Huan Liu, and Reza.net December 10, 2013 #12;2Social Media Mining Measures and Metrics 2Social Media Mining ICDM 2013 Tutorial;3Social Media Mining Measures and Metrics 3Social Media Mining ICDM 2013 Tutorial · Everyone can

  20. FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK UNIVERSITY OF REGINA

    E-print Network

    Argerami, Martin

    FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK UNIVERSITY OF REGINA SOCIAL WORK PRACTICUM I SOCIAL WORK 348 Fall 2010 Field students are not eligible to register for SW 348." PREREQUISITES: SW 390 and SW 346 and 9 other social work credit hours. Note: All students must have a minimum GPA of 70% on the social work portion of the BSW

  1. BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK STUDENT HANDBOOK

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK STUDENT HANDBOOK & PROGRAM GUIDE 2014 ­ 2015 College of Arts, Social Website: www.unbc.ca/social-work #12;Student Handbook & Program Guide for the Bachelor of Social Work i of Social Work ii Table of Contents Page No. Mission Statement

  2. UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Social Work 544 Foundation Field Practice ­ Spring of Social Work Ethical Academic and Professional Conduct Code that is in the College of Social Work MSSW Handbook. (www.csw.utk.edu) Students are also expected to sign and adhere to the Social Work Field

  3. APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Argerami, Martin

    APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK MISSION STATEMENT "The social work program of education, research and community service is designed to prepare students for critical generalist social work practice with diverse peoples. Informed by the principles of social justice

  4. Jane Addams College of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Jane Addams College of Social Work SOCIAL WORK Mailing Address: Jane Addams College of Social Work://www.uic.edu/jaddams/college/ Dean of the Jane Addams College of Social Work: Creasie Finney Hairston Director of Graduate Studies: Christopher G. Mitchell The Jane Addams College of Social Work offers work leading to the Doctor of Philosophy

  5. 2014-2015Series Social Work

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    2014-2015Series College of Social Work University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern....................................................... 3 SocialWork Social work is one of the major social professions concerned with human well, so that people are better served. The Bachelor of Arts degree program in Social Work is accredited

  6. Social Work Experience and Development in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sibin, Wang

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the experience and limitations of government-run social work and the nonprofessional nature of social work, and suggests that the rapid development of social work and its professionalization are the inevitable results of the reform in the system. The author maintains that under market socialism, social work requires the…

  7. UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Social Work 544 Foundation Field Practice ­ Spring the College of Social Work Ethical Academic and Professional Conduct Code that is in the College of Social Work MSSW Handbook. (www.csw.utk.edu) Students are also expected to sign and adhere to the Social Work

  8. Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work Checklist of Orientation Content for Social Work/8/08 #12;Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work Acknowledgement of Risk in the Social Work Field Placement This document is designed to inform you of the potential risks associated with the social work

  9. What are social media? Making use of social media in research Other uses of social media Use of Social Media in Mathematical Research

    E-print Network

    Stockie, John

    What are social media? Making use of social media in research Other uses of social media Use of Social Media in Mathematical Research John Stockie Department of Mathematics Simon Fraser University http://www.math.sfu.ca/stockie Computational Fluid Dynamics Research Group July 22, 2013 Social Media in Mathematical Research John Stockie

  10. Modelling Social Action for AI Agents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristiano Castelfranchi

    1998-01-01

    In the new AI of the 90s an important stream is artificial social intelligence. In this work basic ontological categories for social action, structure, and mind are introduced. Sociality (social action, social structure) is let emerge from the action and intelligence of individual agents in a common world. Also some aspects of the way-down—how emergent collective phenomena shape the individual

  11. Goal specific social capital and job satisfaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henk Flap; Beate Völker

    2001-01-01

    This paper addresses the question “To what extent can job satisfaction be explained as the revenue of social capital?” By conceiving someone’s social network as social capital we specify conditions under which social ties do lead to job satisfaction. We inquire into the idea of goal specificity of social capital, which implies that a network with a given structure and

  12. Embodiment in Attitudes, Social Perception, and Emotion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula M. Niedenthal; Lawrence W. Barsalou; Piotr Winkielman; Silvia Krauth-Gruber; Francois Ric

    2005-01-01

    Findings in the social psychology literatures on attitudes, social perception, and emotion demonstrate that social information processing involves embodiment, where embodiment refers both to actual bodily states and to simulations of experience in the brain's modality-specific systems for perception, action, and introspection. We show that embodiment underlies social information processing when the perceiver inter- acts with actual social objects (online

  13. Kinetics of Social Contagion

    E-print Network

    Ruan, Zhongyuan; Karsai, Marton; Kertesz, Janos

    2015-01-01

    Diffusion of information, behavioural patterns or innovations follows diverse pathways depending on a number of conditions, including the structure of the underlying social network, the sensitivity to peer pressure and the influence of media. Here we study analytically and by simulations a general model that incorporates threshold mechanism capturing sensitivity to peer pressure, the effect of `immune' nodes who never adopt, and a perpetual flow of external information. While any constant, non-zero rate of dynamically-introduced innovators leads to global spreading, the kinetics by which the asymptotic state is approached show rich behaviour. In particular we find that, as a function of the density of immune nodes, there is a transition from fast to slow spreading governed by entirely different mechanisms. This transition happens below the percolation threshold of fragmentation of the network, and has its origin in the competition between cascading behaviour induced by innovators and blocking of adoption due ...

  14. Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Social Justice Education, OISE, UT Order of Canada Award

    E-print Network

    Sokolowski, Marla

    Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Social Justice Education, OISE, UT Order of Canada to the Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Social Justice Education at OISE. Congratulations on this well

  15. Doctorate of Social Work Program Handbook THE SOCIAL WORK DOCTORAL PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Jerry

    1 Doctorate of Social Work Program Handbook Fall 2011 #12;2 THE SOCIAL WORK DOCTORAL PROGRAM UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK REVISED AUGUST 20111 THE PH.D. PROGRAM ....................................................................................................6 SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK HISTORY

  16. Alcohol Impairment and Social Drinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Marsha E.

    Cognitive abilities of social drinkers are generally thought to be affected by alcohol only during acute intoxication, but several studies suggest that sober-state performance may be affected by the quantity of alcohol consumed per drinking episode. Although the findings regarding sober-state mental deficits in social drinkers are inconclusive,…

  17. The neurobiology of social cognition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph Adolphs

    2001-01-01

    Recent studies have begun to elucidate the roles played in social cognition by specific neural structures, genes, and neurotransmitter systems. Cortical regions in the temporal lobe participate in perceiving socially relevant stimuli, whereas the amygdala, right somatosensory cortices, orbitofrontal cortices, and cingulate cortices all participate in linking perception of such stimuli to motivation, emotion, and cognition. Open questions remain about

  18. Current Trends in Social Dialectology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shuy, Roger W.

    The formal study of social dialects has received increasing attention since about the middle of the sixties. In linguistics, the study of social dialectology has resulted in the clear demonstration of the importance of sociolinguistic variation in linguistic theory in contrast to the former preoccupation with linguistic universals. In education,…

  19. PHEROMONE BIOSYNTHESIS IN SOCIAL INSECTS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Social insects produce and use a very large number of organic molecules as pheromones to communicate both intra- and interspecifically, and to regulate their social interactions. This review provides an overview of the chemical nature of these compounds and where they are made in the insects, and th...

  20. Social Inclusion and Metrolingual Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otsuji, Emi; Pennycook, Alastair

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we explore the implications of metrolingual language practices for how we understand social inclusion. A vision of social inclusion that includes bi- and multilingual capacities may comprise an appreciation of a diversity of languages other than English, and the skills and capabilities of multilingual language users, yet it is all…

  1. Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior?

    E-print Network

    Greer, Julia R.

    When Does `` Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior? Colin F. Camerer1 * and Ernst Fehr2,3 The canonical model in economics considers people to be rational and self-regarding. However, much evidence challenges this view, raising the question of when `` Economic Man'' dominates the outcome of social

  2. Social Studies. [SITE 2002 Section].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This document contains the following papers on social studies from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2002 conference: (1) "Technology Portfolios in Pre-Service Social Studies Teacher Education" (Marsha Alibrandi); (2) "North Carolina's Sixth Graders Go to Russia: A Global Education/Curriculum Integration Project…

  3. Social Group Work in Hospitals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stambler, Moses

    This literature review focuses on social group work in the hospital setting. The first section addresses the need for a holistic approach within a typology of illness, and discusses the social work role and intervention tasks required at different stages of illness, i.e., diagnosis, adaptation to long-term illness, and the ending of the illness…

  4. SOCIAL LEARNING AND IMITATION Introduction

    E-print Network

    Galef Jr., Bennett G.

    SOCIAL LEARNING AND IMITATION Introduction Aristotle (1984, Book IV, p. 83) noted that songbirds the approach of experimental psychologists to the study of social learning in general and imitation in particu not only motor patterns, but also the sequential and hierarchical organization of be- haviors involved

  5. Signed networks in social media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jure Leskovec; Daniel P. Huttenlocher; Jon M. Kleinberg

    2010-01-01

    Relations between users on social media sites often reflect a mixture of positive (friendly) and negative (antagonisti c) interactions. In contrast to the bulk of research on social n et- works that has focused almost exclusively on positive inter- pretations of links between people, we study how the inter- play between positive and negative relationships affects t he structure of

  6. Social Trust in Opportunistic Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sacha Trifunovic; Franck Legendre; Carlos Anastasiades

    2010-01-01

    Opportunistic networks enable mobile users to participate in various social interactions with applications such as content distribution and micro-blogs. Because of their distributed nature, securing user interactions relies rather on trust than hard cryptography. Trust is often based on past user interactions such as in reputation systems relying on ratings. Yet, a more fundamental trust, social trust - assessing a

  7. Connecting with New Social Movements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavender, Peter

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the emergence of unions and social movements which provide opportunities for adult educators in forwarding their adult literacy campaigns. The author describes the recent World Social Forum (WSF), held at the end of January in Porto Alegre, that provides ample opportunities for adult educators to make…

  8. RESPONSABILIDADE SOCIAL: AVALIAÇÃO DA I FEIRA DO SELO SOCIAL 2003 SOCIAL RESPONSABILITY: EVALUATION OF THE FIRST SOCIAL CERTIFICATION FAIR 2003

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eliane de Fátima Rauski; Eliane Fernandes Pietrovski; Elias Fadel Sobrinho; Francini Müller; Jeffersonn Moraes; Marli Bento; Orion Barbosa

    This study is characterized as an exploratory quantitative research that aimed at identifying the effectiveness (efficiency and efficacy) of the First Social Certification Program Fair of the City Hall of Ponta Grossa, and was held by the Scientific Council of the Evaluation Committee of the Program. The event (Social Certification) attained the proposed goals, having been considered successfull by the

  9. The Social Psychology of Stigma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brenda Major; Laurie T. O'Brien

    2005-01-01

    ? Abstract This chapter addresses the psychological,effects of social stigma. Stig- ma directly affects the stigmatized via mechanisms of discrimination, expectancy con- firmation, and automatic stereotype activation, and indirectly via threats to personal and social identity. We review and organize recent theory and empirical research within an identity threat model of stigma. This model posits that situational cues, collective rep-

  10. Youth Homelessness and Social Stigma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kidd, Sean A.

    2007-01-01

    Building upon previous exploratory qualitative research (Kidd S.A. (2003) "Child Adol. Social Work J." 20(4):235-261), this paper examines the mental health implications of social stigma as it is experienced by homeless youth. Surveys conducted with 208 youths on the streets and in agencies in New York City and Toronto revealed significant…

  11. Redistributive taxation and social insurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helmuth Cremer; Pierre Pestieau

    1996-01-01

    This paper studies the role of social insurance as a redistributive mechanism in presence of an optimal (linear or general) income tax. It considers a second-best setting with two unobservable individual characteristics: ability, measured by the wage rate and risk, measured by the probability of incurring a loss. It shows that both tax progressivity and the optimal level of social

  12. Redefining the Social Studies, Absolutely.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleury, Stephen C.

    1989-01-01

    Critically assesses current reformist views on teaching social studies. Warns that these educators and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) position is anti-intellectual, contradicting the ideals of education and democracy. Encourages healthy debate about social studies and supports the virtues of humanism, skepticism, and pluralism. (NL)

  13. Drugs. Social Issues Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Eleanor C.; And Others

    The Social Issues Resources Series (SIRS) is a set of loose leaf units each of which is addressed to a different social issue. Each unit consists of articles which have been reproduced from newspapers, magazines, journals and government publications representing the prevailing spectrum of opinion, emphasis and complexity. Sixty articles are…

  14. Social Security: Privatization and Progressivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence J. Kotlikoff; Kent A. Smetters; Jan Walliser

    1998-01-01

    This paper uses a large-scale overlapping generations model that features intragenerational heterogeneity to show that privatizing the U.S. Social Security System could be done on a progressive basis. We start with a close replica of the current system; specifically, we include Social Security's progressive linkages between taxes paid and benefits received. The paper compares achieving progressivity as part of privatization

  15. POLICY ELITES AND SOCIAL SECURITY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FAY LOMAX COOK; JASON BARABAS; BENJAMIN I. PAGE

    Do policy elites invoke public opinion? When they do, are their claims based on evidence from public opinion surveys? To learn about the claims that policy elites make, we examined statements the president and members of Congress, experts, and interest group leaders in congressional hearings made about Social Security. To learn about opinion data on Social Security, we conducted a

  16. Transformative Pedagogy for Social Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Peter

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores ways in which pedagogy for an elaborated form of transformative learning can be a useful catalyst for the development of social capital in community and workplace groups and networks. I begin with an example and then explore ideas of learning challenges embedded in building and maintaining social capital. I consider the…

  17. Political Socialization: A Topical Bibliography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brauen, Marsha; Harmon, Kathryn Newcomer

    1977-01-01

    Identifies four major areas of recent investigations: cross-cultural studies of political socialization, the focus on the interactive nature of the individual in the process of learning about politics, the need to examine the comparative impacts of the various agencies of political socialization, and methodological and conceptual refinements.…

  18. The Rebirth of Political Socialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niemi, Richard G.; Hepburn, Mary A.

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that research on political socialization began in the late 1950s and died a premature death in the 1970s. Discusses the field's origins and downfall, and predicts a rebirth in a new and sustainable form. Outlines changes in secondary school political science education and political socialization research in other nations. (CFR)

  19. Using Social Media in Exercises

    SciTech Connect

    Donaldson, Jeff

    2014-04-28

    This presentation discusses the use of social media as a tool during the full-scale exercise Tremor-14 in Las Vegas, and examines Lessons Learned as a path forward in using social media to disseminate Emergency Public Information (EPI) on a regular basis.

  20. "Ladettes," Social Representations, and Aggression.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muncer, Steven; Campbell, Anne; Jervis, Victoria; Lewis, Rachel

    2001-01-01

    Examined the relationship among "laddishness" (traditionally working-class, youthful, male social behavior by young women), social representations, and self-reported aggression among English college students. Measures of aggression correlated with holding more instrumental representations of aggression. Females indicated no relationship between…

  1. Teacher Education and Social Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehrotra, R. N.; Katiyar, S. N., Eds.

    This report reviews the proceedings of the First Asian Conference on Teacher Education held in Bangalore, India, June 1971. The theme of the conference was teacher education and social change. Four aspects of this theme were covered including a) modernization as a process and social ideal, b) socio-economic change and education, c) national goals…

  2. Assessing Preference for Social Interactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clay, Casey J.; Samaha, Andrew L.; Bloom, Sarah E.; Bogoev, Bistra K.; Boyle, Megan A.

    2013-01-01

    We examined a procedure to assess preference for social interactions in individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Preferences were identified in five individuals using a paired-choice procedure in which participants approached therapists who provided different forms of social interactions. A subsequent tracking test showed that…

  3. Intentionality, social play, and definition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Colin Allen; Marc Bekoff

    1994-01-01

    Social play is naturally characterized in intentional terms. An evolutionary account of social play could help scientists to understand the evolution of cognition and intentionality. Alexander Rosenberg (1990) has argued that if play is characterized intentionally or functionally, it is not a behavioral phenotype suitable for evolutionary explanation. If he is right, his arguments would threaten many projects in cognitive

  4. Social Interactions and Mathematics Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cesar, Margarida

    In the 1970s W. Doise, G. Mugny and A.-N. Perret-Clermont underlined for the first time the essential role played by social interactions in cognitive development. Since then, many authors have been studying social interactions and their mediating role in knowledge apprehension and in skills acquisition. Inspired by L. Vygotsky's theory, many…

  5. The Social Work Practice Doctorate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartocollis, Lina; Cnaan, Ram A.; Ledwith, Kate

    2014-01-01

    This article provides a systematic review of the emerging practice doctorate in social work. Based on the experience of the first such Doctor of Social Work (DSW) program, we provide information regarding the program origins and rationale, development, current structure, and future direction. Such information will enrich the discussion on the role…

  6. Social Mobility and Educational Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dong, Zefang; Wang, Yanbin; Chen, Wenjiao

    2009-01-01

    There is a close interactive relationship between social mobility and educational selection. On one side, the character, direction, speed, level, methods and trends of social mobility affect the aims, goals, functions, scope, strategy, content and methods of choice in education. On the other side, the goals, basis and means of choosing education…

  7. Social Supports among the Homeless.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solarz, Andrea

    The homeless have long been considered a disaffiliated and socially isolated group. Research has indicated that most of the homeless are single and have no family relationships or friends to provide support. A study was conducted to gather information on both objective and subjective measures of social support from 125 individuals residing at a…

  8. Social Skilling through Cooperative Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Don W.; Le Metais, Joanna

    1997-01-01

    An Australian study implemented social skill and cooperative learning activities with 26 10- and 12-year olds. Case studies of six of the children after 10 weeks indicated that students became more socially aware and more skilled, as demonstrated by collaboration and on-task behavior. (JOW)

  9. Measuring Emotion Socialization in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horner, Christy G.; Wallace, Tanner L.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Understanding how school personnel can best support students' development of communication skills around feelings is critical to long-term health outcomes. The measurement of emotion socialization in schools facilitates future research in this area; we review existing measures of emotion socialization to assess their applicability…

  10. Privacy in Online Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Beye; Arjan J. P. Jeckmans; Zekeriya Erkin; P. H. Hartel; Reginald Lagendijk; Qiang Tang

    2012-01-01

    Online Social Networks (OSNs) have become part of daily life for millions of users. Users building explicit networks that represent their social relationships and often share a wealth of personal information to their own benefit. The potential privacy risks of such behavior are often underestimated or ignored. The problem is exacerbated by lacking experience and awareness in users, as well

  11. Comparative Theories of Social Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peter, Hollis W.; And Others

    This symposium report contains various statements of the theory of change and societal growth and maintenance viewed from the perspectives of major social disciplines. Comparative theories in these areas can provide guidelines for predicting, planning, and carrying out social development programs. The theme of the symposium was the problem of…

  12. Research Issues in Social computing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manoj Parameswaran; Andrew B. Whinston

    2007-01-01

    Social Computing and online communities have ushered in a new era of the web, where information and communication technologies are facilitating organized human endeavor in fundamentally new ways. The broad impact of social computing in diverse domains and the complexity of features that span diverse disciplines pose new challenges for Information Systems researchers. Information Systems research should expand its scope

  13. Children's Literature in Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Children's literature and the social studies need to be integrated so that holism is involved in pupil learning. A variety of kinds of reading materials should be available to learners so that each social studies unit might be meaningful and interesting. Individual differences among pupils' abilities and achievements must be adequately provided…

  14. Usefulness of Simulating Social Phenomena

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pablo Lucas

    This paper discusses 1 the current usefulness and implications of developing research on agent-based Simulation Models of Social Phenomena (SMSP) beyond purely academic, hobbyist or educational purposes. Design, development and testing phases are discussed along with issues evidence-driven modellers often face whilst collecting, analysing and translating quantitative and qualitative empirical data into social simulation models. Methodological recommendations are discussed in

  15. 3rd Grade Social Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Auger

    2009-11-18

    Webquest Assignment for 3rd Grade Social Studies Standard 1 Standard 1 Students will understand how geography influences community location and development. Hello Students! Introduction) Today we are going to do a webquest for social studies. Remember the other day we talked about biomes. Lets review with this video. Task) First: Go to this link and tell me ...

  16. This Issue: Rethinking Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levstik, Linda

    2001-01-01

    Introduces a theme issue on rethinking social studies education, discussing: pluralist visions of human possibility; citizenship education and participation; classrooms as laboratories of culture; and educating the educators. The paper suggests that these articles might provoke further discussion about how social studies could influence and shape…

  17. A Theory Of Social Interactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary S. Becker

    1974-01-01

    This essay incorporates a general treatment of social interactions into the modern theory of consumer demand. Section 1 introduces the topic and explores some of the existing perspectives on social interactions and their importance in the basic structure of wants. In Section 2, various characteristics of different persons are assumed to affect the utility functions of some persons, and the

  18. PARTICIPACION CIUDADANIA Y POLITICA SOCIAL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ENRIQUE PASTOR SELLER

    Local Social Polices have to recover the citizen power in local decisions trough mechanisms that alow them an increase participation. This work contents the results of a recent research about citizen participation in municipal social police in Murcia, constracting and comparing their results with realities and trends observed in others estudies and experiencies in a national and international frame, and

  19. Users Positions in Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jasim Qazi

    2011-01-01

    Social networks are a new phase in human interaction: usingtechnology to connect people online, the social nehvorks of today havebecome a central part of the lives of millions of people. People use socialnetworks for sharing various infonrmation with their friends and family. Thisinformation can take the forn of text, video, images, sound etc. and it is whatforms the collection of

  20. Social Capital and Oral Health

    PubMed Central

    Tangade, Pradeep; Rajwar, Yogesh Chand; Dany, Subha Soumya; Rajput, Prashant

    2014-01-01

    Social determinants have always been an important element of the oral health. It has been seen that social aspects like the organizations and relations influence the health of population. A new domain named social capital has come up into limelight which refers to “features of social organization, such as trust, norms and networks that can improve the efficacy of society by facilitating coordinated actions”. The bonds between individuals, both in intimate relationships and in voluntary associations have been claimed to have health promoting effects. Oral health can never be segregated from general health as they are bidirectional in their relationship. Therefore determinants of general health and its promotion are interlinked with that of oral health. So, this review tries to figure out the effects of social capital on various aspects of oral health. PMID:25386549

  1. Groupthink and Peer Pressure: Social Influence in Online Social Network Groups Pan Hui, Sonja Buchegger

    E-print Network

    Hui, Pan "Ben"

    Groupthink and Peer Pressure: Social Influence in Online Social Network Groups Pan Hui, Sonja number of strangers. Keywords-social networks; social influence; I. INTRODUCTION Social influence occurs view of social influence, more specifically a quantitative study of the in- fluence of neighbours

  2. Efficience et Mutations des Organisations Industrielles Social Economy as Social Science and Practice

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2004 # 6 Efficience et Mutations des Organisations Industrielles Social Economy as Social Science://www.upmf-grenoble.fr/lepii halshs-00130667,version1-13Feb2007 #12;1 Social Economy as Social Science and Practice: Historical of the constitution of "social economy" as a social science and as a field of analysis, regrouping under this term

  3. 06/10/2010 Davis Social Links Demo @NSCTA 1 Social-Control Routing

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    VPSN #12;06/10/2010 Davis Social Links Demo @NSCTA 27 Social Informatics Service Providers Let's have fun06/10/2010 Davis Social Links Demo @NSCTA 1 Social-Control Routing 1 2 3 SMTP #12;06/10/2010 Davis Social Links Demo @NSCTA 2 Relationship?! #12;06/10/2010 Davis Social Links Demo @NSCTA 3 Eric Felix

  4. Joint Workshop on Social Dynamics and Personal Attributes in Social Media

    E-print Network

    ACL 2014 Joint Workshop on Social Dynamics and Personal Attributes in Social Media Proceedings Workshop on Social Dynamics and Personal Attributes in Social Media. The workshop was held in Baltimore Attributes in Social Media: There are many important social science questions and commercial applications

  5. Race, social class, religion, and nationality as determinants of social distance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. C. Triandis; L. M. Triandis

    1960-01-01

    In a study of social distance of college students with respect to various social objects, a factorial design with two levels of value of race, social class, religion, and nationality was employed and analyses of variance were computed on social distance scores. For white Ss race and social class were found to be more important determinants of social distance than

  6. The Effect of Social and Isolate Toys on the Social Interactions of Preschool-Aged Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rettig, Michael; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Social toys and isolate toys were presented to 24 children (ages 3-5). The older children displayed more social interactions in the social toy condition than did other ages. Disabled subjects displayed more social interactions in the social toy condition than isolate toy condition. Nondisabled subjects had more social interactions in both toy…

  7. Pre-Service Teachers' Conceptions on Use of Social Media in Social Studies Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahveci, Nihat Gürel

    2015-01-01

    The use of social media is tremendously increasing trend for personal use. At the same time, social media are penetrating to the educational settings as well. Thus purpose of this study is to investigate pre-service social studies teachers' conceptions on use of social media in social studies education; it is possible implications on social

  8. Extending the Ally Model of Social Justice to Social Work Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Priscilla Ann

    2014-01-01

    Social work students, regardless of their multiple social identities in oppressed and oppressor groups, are called upon to take action against social injustice. This conceptual article introduces the Ally Model of social justice and its alignment with social work values and goals and recommends it to social work educators as a pedagogical tool to…

  9. Social Deixis In Sinhalese: The Pronoun System

    E-print Network

    Tilakaratne, Sunanda

    1988-01-01

    Some aspects of language show a close relationship between social structure and language structure. The pronoun system in spoken Sinhalese, which encodes social relationships among the speech act participants, thus provides a fine example of social...

  10. 1st December 2011 Social Media Guidelines

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    1st December 2011 Social Media Guidelines for staff and researchers #12;University of Edinburgh - Social Media Guidelines Page 2 of 15 Table of contents 1. Overview..........................................................................................................4 2. Personal participation in social media

  11. Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology Applied Social Psychology Program Department of Psychology Colorado State University Job Description and Qualifications The Department of Psychology at Colorado State University invites applications for one tenure- track position in Applied Social

  12. An algorithmic approach to social networks

    E-print Network

    Liben-Nowell, David

    2005-01-01

    Social networks consist of a set of individuals and some form of social relationship that ties the individuals together. In this thesis, we use algorithmic techniques to study three aspects of social networks: (1) we analyze ...

  13. Inferring Private Information Using Social Network Data

    E-print Network

    Kantarcioglu, Murat

    Inferring Private Information Using Social Network Data Jack Lindamood and Murat Kantarcioglu for released social networking data to infer undisclosed private in- formation about individuals. We purposes. These search results contained social security num- bers, addresses, and pornographic search

  14. Social Capital and People with Learning Difficulties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddell, Sheila; Baron, Stephen; Wilson, Alastair

    1999-01-01

    Outlines social capital theories in functionalist and Marxist traditions and their implications for people with learning difficulties. Identifies multiple factors influencing their ability to access social capital, including ability/inability to conform to social norms and economic inequities. (SK)

  15. GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT DISCLOSURE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Cinabro, David

    GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT DISCLOSURE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK GRADUATE CERTIFICATE PROGRAM INSOCIAL WORK parenthood, remarriage and stepfamilies. 3. Learn about models of social work intervention with families.00 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 251113.00 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary

  16. Community Evolution Prediction in Dynamic Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Zaiane, Osmar R.

    Community Evolution Prediction in Dynamic Social Networks Mansoureh Takaffoli, Reihaneh Rabbany and customer targeting. Community structure of social networks may undergo different temporal events and transition for communities in dynamic social networks. Our framework incorporates key features related

  17. Social Bases of American PatriotismExamining Effects of Dominant Social Statuses and Socialization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshito Ishio

    2010-01-01

    Based on a 2004 national survey data set, this article examines the effects of sociodemographic variables on American patriotism. This article demonstrates the usefulness of the generalized group dominance perspective in explaining the effects of some sociodemographic variables on patriotism. Whether socially hierarchical structures are based on race\\/ethnicity, religion, age or socioeconomic class, members of socially dominant groups are more

  18. Social Indicators, Social Reports and Social Accounts: Toward the Management of Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Michael

    This report examines the origins and implications of social reporting and accounting and defines the problems related to finding measurable indicators of social change. The development of scholarly and governmental interest in these concepts and the interest in the conceptual differences among approaches on how to manage society are discussed. In…

  19. Choosing a Database for Social Work: A Comparison of Social Work Abstracts and Social Service Abstracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flatley, Robert K.; Lilla, Rick; Widner, Jack

    2007-01-01

    This study compared Social Work Abstracts and Social Services Abstracts databases in terms of indexing, journal coverage, and searches. The authors interviewed editors, analyzed journal coverage, and compared searches. It was determined that the databases complement one another more than compete. The authors conclude with some considerations.

  20. Thomas Hodgkin: social activist.

    PubMed

    Rosenfeld, L

    2000-04-01

    Thomas Hodgkin's discovery of a lymph gland disorder is merely one event in a life of unusually varied public activities in the social reform and humanitarian movements of the mid-19th century. He wrote pamphlets on medical care for the working-class poor, public health, housing, sanitation, and the relief of cold, hunger, and unemployment. Hodgkin wrote about the problems arising from urban renewal and suburban development. His contributions to geographic explorations, anthropology, ethnology, and foreign affairs are virtually unknown today. Hodgkin's opposition to slavery and the slave trade involved him in the development of settlements in Africa for freed slaves and disputes with the abolitionists in America. He fought for social justice and human rights for native populations being oppressed by British foreign policy in South Africa and New Zealand. His criticism of the exploitation of Indians by the Hudson's Bay Company's fur trade contributed to a professional conflict in the highly politicized environment of Guy's Hospital and blocked advancement of his medical career. Closer to home he advocated reform of medical education and practice and sponsored adult education programs. As a member of its Senate, he helped in establishing London University, the first nonsectarian institution of higher learning in England. He lectured to working people on the means of preserving and promoting health and advocated prepaid medical care for the working poor. Concerned about unequal distribution of medical care, he opposed medical contracts to the lowest bidder and price-determined government plans for health care. He consistently maintained that the basic problems of the poor were not medical but socioeconomic. Since charity leaves nothing behind in exchange, Hodgkin was certain that greater benefits would result if charitable money was used to provide jobs. He denounced the evils of tobacco, practices of trade unions, and barbarous prize fights. On a trip to Jerusalem with Sir Moses Montefiore in 1866, Hodgkin contracted dysentery and died. He is buried in a protestant cemetery in Jaffa. His epitaph is fitting: "Nothing human was alien to him." PMID:10760325

  1. Social media for lifelong learning.

    PubMed

    Kind, Terry; Evans, Yolanda

    2015-04-01

    Learning is ongoing, and can be considered a social activity. In this paper we aim to provide a review of the use of social media for lifelong learning. We start by defining lifelong learning, drawing upon principles of continuous professional development and adult learning theory. We searched Embase and MEDLINE from 2004-2014 for search terms relevant to social media and learning. We describe examples of lifelong learners using social media in medical education and healthcare that have been reported in the peer-reviewed literature. Medical or other health professions students may have qualities consistent with being a lifelong learner, yet once individuals move beyond structured learning environments they will need to recognize their own gaps in knowledge and skills over time and be motivated to fill them, thereby incorporating lifelong learning principles into their day-to-day practice. Engagement with social media can parallel engagement in the learning process over time, to the extent that online social networking fosters feedback and collaboration. The use of social media and online networking platforms are a key way to continuously learn in today's information sharing society. Additional research is needed, particularly rigorous studies that extend beyond learner satisfaction to knowledge, behaviour change, and outcomes. PMID:25906988

  2. Coupling human mobility and social ties

    E-print Network

    Herrera-Yaque, Carlos

    Studies using massive, passively collected data from communication technologies have revealed many ubiquitous aspects of social networks, helping us understand and model social media, information diffusion and organizational ...

  3. Enabling Community Through Social Media

    PubMed Central

    Haythornthwaite, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Background Social network analysis provides a perspective and method for inquiring into the structures that comprise online groups and communities. Traces from interaction via social media provide the opportunity for understanding how a community is formed and maintained online. Objective The paper aims to demonstrate how social network analysis provides a vocabulary and set of techniques for examining interaction patterns via social media. Using the case of the #hcsmca online discussion forum, this paper highlights what has been and can be gained by approaching online community from a social network perspective, as well as providing an inside look at the structure of the #hcsmca community. Methods Social network analysis was used to examine structures in a 1-month sample of Twitter messages with the hashtag #hcsmca (3871 tweets, 486 unique posters), which is the tag associated with the social media–supported group Health Care Social Media Canada. Network connections were considered present if the individual was mentioned, replied to, or had a post retweeted. Results Network analyses revealed patterns of interaction that characterized the community as comprising one component, with a set of core participants prominent in the network due to their connections with others. Analysis showed the social media health content providers were the most influential group based on in-degree centrality. However, there was no preferential attachment among people in the same professional group, indicating that the formation of connections among community members was not constrained by professional status. Conclusions Network analysis and visualizations provide techniques and a vocabulary for understanding online interaction, as well as insights that can help in understanding what, and who, comprises and sustains a network, and whether community emerges from a network of online interactions. PMID:24176835

  4. [Social marketing and public health].

    PubMed

    Arcaro, P; Mannocci, A; Saulle, R; Miccoli, S; Marzuillo, C; La Torre, G

    2013-01-01

    Social marketing uses the principles and techniques of commercial marketing by applying them to the complex social context in order to promote changes (cognitive; of action; behavioral; of values) among the target population in the public interest. The advent of Internet has radically modified the communication process, and this transformation also involved medical-scientific communication. Medical journals, health organizations, scientific societies and patient groups are increasing the use of the web and of many social networks (Twitter, Facebook, Google, YouTube) as channels to release scientific information to doctors and patients quickly. In recent years, even Healthcare in Italy reported a considerable application of the methods and techniques of social marketing, above all for health prevention and promotion. Recently the association for health promotion "Social marketing and health communication" has been established to promote an active dialogue between professionals of social marketing and public health communication, as well as among professionals in the field of communication of the companies involved in the "health sector". In the field of prevention and health promotion it is necessary to underline the theme of the growing distrust in vaccination practices. Despite the irrefutable evidence of the efficacy and safety of vaccines, the social-cultural transformation together with the overcoming of compulsory vaccination and the use of noninstitutional information sources, have generated confusion among citizens that tend to perceive compulsory vaccinations as needed and safe, whereas recommended vaccinations as less important. Moreover, citizens scarcely perceive the risk of disease related to the effectiveness of vaccines. Implementing communication strategies, argumentative and persuasive, borrowed from social marketing, also for the promotion of vaccines is a priority of the health system. A typical example of the application of social marketing, as mentioned in the manuscript, is the campaign to promote the proper practice of HPV vaccination through the use of effective and cost-saving communication strategies. PMID:23598808

  5. Social Inference Risk Modeling in Mobile and Social Applications

    E-print Network

    Ziavras, Sotirios G.

    . Today's social computing applications such as Facebook enable users to exchange messages, reveal aspects to an organization's database of employees [5], where the relation is a secret, but user u requests

  6. Emotional intelligence, personality, social networks, and social perception 

    E-print Network

    DeBusk, Kendra Portia Adrienne Howard

    Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a relatively new concept in the field of psychology, introduced by Salovey and Mayer in 1990. Research on EI has found associations among EI and social network size, health and well-being, ...

  7. Technology and social communication

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, G.A.

    1996-12-31

    For centuries advances in what we now term media have generated concerns about the effect these advances have on values and morality-books, stage drama, movies, TV, and now computer-based fantasy and Internet-based distribution. These media comprise some of the most powerful agents for developing our fundamental strategies for living. Computer-based fantasy can provide waves of sensations that everyday life does not prepare us for; they create a wow effect. The implications are especially, strong for adolescents. Wow effects come to seem ordinary. We can easily overdose on them with a subsequent dulling of sensibility that motivates one to seek the next level. As the wow effect is numbed, socializing restrictions break down. A psychological strategy of distancing is one defense against enhanced imagery - a strategy of cool as antidote. The wow-cool dipole can foster a role as spectator that inhibits empathy and a fundamental distancing from the self. Technology - the source of our concerns-can also help to counteract them. The most powerful drive in children is to learn mastery of the world. New input and output devices and especially properly designed software can enhance the capacity to learn and to be creative, i.e. to gain mastery over the world. These powerful new modes of communication not only give us great access to the world, they give the world great access to us. We must supplant what is now mostly a passive broadcast system with interactive exploration and two-way communication.

  8. Social Tagging Recommender Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marinho, Leandro Balby; Nanopoulos, Alexandros; Schmidt-Thieme, Lars; Jäschke, Robert; Hotho, Andreas; Stumme, Gerd; Symeonidis, Panagiotis

    The new generation of Web applications known as (STS) is successfully established and poised for continued growth. STS are open and inherently social; features that have been proven to encourage participation. But while STS bring new opportunities, they revive old problems, such as information overload. Recommender Systems are well known applications for increasing the level of relevant content over the "noise" that continuously grows as more and more content becomes available online. In STS however, we face new challenges. Users are interested in finding not only content, but also tags and even other users. Moreover, while traditional recommender systems usually operate over 2-way data arrays, STS data is represented as a third-order tensor or a hypergraph with hyperedges denoting (user, resource, tag) triples. In this chapter, we survey the most recent and state-of-the-art work about a whole new generation of recommender systems built to serve STS.We describe (a) novel facets of recommenders for STS, such as user, resource, and tag recommenders, (b) new approaches and algorithms for dealing with the ternary nature of STS data, and (c) recommender systems deployed in real world STS. Moreover, a concise comparison between existing works is presented, through which we identify and point out new research directions.

  9. Social Science Research Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

  10. Social health insurance reexamined.

    PubMed

    Wagstaff, Adam

    2010-05-01

    Social health insurance (SHI) is enjoying something of a revival in parts of the developing world. Many countries that have in the past relied largely on tax finance (and out-of-pocket payments) have introduced SHI, or are thinking about doing so. And countries with SHI already in place are making vigorous efforts to extend coverage to the informal sector. Ironically, this revival is occurring at a time when the traditional SHI countries in Europe have either already reduced payroll financing in favor of general revenues, or are in the process of doing so. This paper examines how SHI fares in health-care delivery, revenue collection, covering the formal sector, and its impacts on the labor market. It argues that SHI does not necessarily deliver good quality care at a low cost, partly because of poor regulation of SHI purchasers. It suggests that the costs of collecting revenues can be substantial, even in the formal sector where non-enrollment and evasion are commonplace, and that while SHI can cover the formal sector and the poor relatively easily, it fares badly in terms of covering the non-poor informal sector workers until the economy has reached a high level of economic development. The paper also argues that SHI can have negative labor market effects. PMID:19399789

  11. The magic of social thought.

    PubMed

    Kalampalikis, Nikos

    2014-10-01

    Studying social thinking provides a promising field of investigation for the constitution of common knowledge in communication and action of historically and culturally situated groups. Its genealogy helps the understanding of the symbolic efficacy of social practices and their own operating collective logic. The English translation of a short version of Serge Moscovici's article on the new magical thinking allows a wider audience to gain access, for the first time, to a text that perfectly illustrates the currentness and relevance of the social psychology of knowledge. PMID:25288162

  12. Massive Social Network Analysis: Mining Twitter for Social Good

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Ediger; Karl Jiang; Jason Riedy; David A. Bader; Courtney D. Corley; Robert M. Farber; William N. Reynolds

    2010-01-01

    Social networks produce an enormous quantity of data. Facebook consists of over 400 million active users sharing over 5 billion pieces of information each month. Analyzing this vast quantity of unstructured data presents challenges for software and hardware. We present GraphCT, a Graph Characterization Toolkit for massive graphs representing social network data. On a 128-processor Cray XMT, GraphCT estimates the

  13. Social Composer: A Social-Aware Mashup Creation Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abderrahmane Maaradji; Hakim Hacid; Johann Daigremont; Noel Crespi

    2010-01-01

    In this demo, we present Social Composer (SoCo), a CSCW system for mashup creation based on social-awareness approach. SoCo aims to support end-user when he is specifying mashups to compose existing services in order to create a new ones through the mashup creation environment. SoCo provides services recommendation as auto-completion for user's partial mashup specification. These recommendations are based on

  14. Social complementation and growth advantages promote socially defective bacterial isolates

    PubMed Central

    Kraemer, Susanne A.; Velicer, Gregory J.

    2014-01-01

    Social interactions among diverse individuals that encounter one another in nature have often been studied among animals but rarely among microbes. For example, the evolutionary forces that determine natural frequencies of bacteria that express cooperative behaviours at low levels remain poorly understood. Natural isolates of the soil bacterium Myxococcus xanthus sampled from the same fruiting body often vary in social phenotypes, such as group swarming and multicellular development. Here, we tested whether genotypes highly proficient at swarming or development might promote the persistence of less socially proficient genotypes from the same fruiting body. Fast-swarming strains complemented slower isolates, allowing the latter to keep pace with faster strains in mixed groups. During development, one low-sporulating strain was antagonized by high sporulators, whereas others with severe developmental defects had those defects partially complemented by high-sporulating strains. Despite declining in frequency overall during competition experiments spanning multiple cycles of development, developmentally defective strains exhibited advantages during the growth phases of competitions. These results suggest that microbes with low-sociality phenotypes often benefit from interacting with more socially proficient strains. Such complementation may combine with advantages at other traits to increase equilibrium frequencies of low-sociality genotypes in natural populations. PMID:24573856

  15. Social implications of the battle of the sexes: sexual harassment disrupts female sociality and social recognition

    PubMed Central

    Darden, Safi K.; James, Richard; Ramnarine, Indar W.; Croft, Darren P.

    2009-01-01

    Across sexually reproducing species, males and females are in conflict over the control of reproduction. At the heart of this conflict in a number of taxa is male harassment of females for mating opportunities and female strategies to avoid this harassment. One neglected consequence that may result from sexual harassment is the disruption of important social associations. Here, we experimentally manipulate the degree of sexual harassment that wild female guppies (Poecilia reticulata) experience by establishing replicated, semi-natural pools with different population sex ratios. We quantify the effects of sexual harassment on female social structure and the development of social recognition among females. When exposed to sexual harassment, we found that females had more disparate social networks with limited repeated interactions when compared to females that did not experience male harassment. Furthermore, females that did not experience harassment developed social recognition with familiar individuals over an 8-day period, whereas females that experienced harassment did not, an effect we suggest is due to disruption of association patterns. These results show that social network structure and social recognition can be affected by sexual harassment, an effect that will be relevant across taxonomic groups and that we predict will have fitness consequences for females. PMID:19386653

  16. Social implications of the battle of the sexes: sexual harassment disrupts female sociality and social recognition.

    PubMed

    Darden, Safi K; James, Richard; Ramnarine, Indar W; Croft, Darren P

    2009-07-22

    Across sexually reproducing species, males and females are in conflict over the control of reproduction. At the heart of this conflict in a number of taxa is male harassment of females for mating opportunities and female strategies to avoid this harassment. One neglected consequence that may result from sexual harassment is the disruption of important social associations. Here, we experimentally manipulate the degree of sexual harassment that wild female guppies (Poecilia reticulata) experience by establishing replicated, semi-natural pools with different population sex ratios. We quantify the effects of sexual harassment on female social structure and the development of social recognition among females. When exposed to sexual harassment, we found that females had more disparate social networks with limited repeated interactions when compared to females that did not experience male harassment. Furthermore, females that did not experience harassment developed social recognition with familiar individuals over an 8-day period, whereas females that experienced harassment did not, an effect we suggest is due to disruption of association patterns. These results show that social network structure and social recognition can be affected by sexual harassment, an effect that will be relevant across taxonomic groups and that we predict will have fitness consequences for females. PMID:19386653

  17. Social bonding: regulation by neuropeptides

    PubMed Central

    Lieberwirth, Claudia; Wang, Zuoxin

    2014-01-01

    Affiliative social relationships (e.g., among spouses, family members, and friends) play an essential role in human society. These relationships affect psychological, physiological, and behavioral functions. As positive and enduring bonds are critical for the overall well-being of humans, it is not surprising that considerable effort has been made to study the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie social bonding behaviors. The present review details the involvement of the nonapeptides, oxytocin (OT), and arginine vasopressin (AVP), in the regulation of social bonding in mammals including humans. In particular, we will discuss the role of OT and AVP in the formation of social bonds between partners of a mating pair as well as between parents and their offspring. Furthermore, the role of OT and AVP in the formation of interpersonal bonding involving trust is also discussed. PMID:25009457

  18. Social evolution of pragmatic behaviour 

    E-print Network

    Scott?Phillips, Thomas C.

    2009-01-01

    Pragmatics is the branch of linguistics that addresses the relationship between language and its external environment – in particular the communicative context. Social evolution (or sociobiology) is the branch of the ...

  19. Social learning of migratory performance

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Mueller, Thomas; O'Hara, Robert B.; Converse, Sarah; Urbanek, Richard P.; Fagan, William F.

    2013-01-01

    Successful bird migration can depend on individual learning, social learning, and innate navigation programs. Using 8 years of data on migrating whooping cranes, we were able to partition genetic and socially learned aspects of migration. Specifically, we analyzed data from a reintroduced population wherein all birds were captive bred and artificially trained by ultralight aircraft on their first lifetime migration. For subsequent migrations, in which birds fly individually or in groups but without ultralight escort, we found evidence of long-term social learning, but no effect of genetic relatedness on migratory performance. Social learning from older birds reduced deviations from a straight-line path, with 7 years of experience yielding a 38% improvement in migratory accuracy.

  20. Emotional Intelligence and Social Perception 

    E-print Network

    Forrester, Roisin

    2010-06-30

    Abstract The concept of Emotional Intelligence (EI) involves understanding the relation between reason and emotion. The present study introduces EI and investigates its relation to social intelligence (SI) and nonverbal ...