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1

COOPERACIÓN Y CONFLICTOS AMBIENTALES LOCALES. ENTRE EMPRESAS, COMUNIDADES, NUEVOS MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES Y EL PAPEL DEL GOBIERNO. EL CASO DE CERRO DE SAN PEDRO (MÉXICO)  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las relaciones de cooperación y conflicto entre una compañia minera y las comunidades, los Nuevos Movimientos Sociales y los tres niveles de gobierno involucrados. La compañia Minera inició operaciones para una mina a cielo abierto de oro y plata con el apoyo de oficiales de los gobiernos locales, estatales y federal. Los habitantes

José G. Vargas-Hernández

2007-01-01

2

Efectos de un programa de intervención para la mejora de la competencia social en niños de educación primaria en Bolivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of an intervention program for improving social competence among Primary Education students from Bolivia. Scientific findings show that an adequate and positive development of social skills during childhood is an important base of social, occupational and personal adjustment through life-span. On the other hand, it has been stablished that unfit social skills development during childhood is associated with negative

M. Carmen Pichardo; Trinidad García; Fernando Justicia; Claudia Llanos

2008-01-01

3

Efecto del estrés abiótico sobre la síntesis y degradación de almidón. Una revisión Effect of abiotic stress on starch synthesis and degradation. A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

En las plantas superiores la biosíntesis del almidón es sensible al efecto de condiciones ambientales adversas, las cuales actúan sobre el suministro de carbohidratos desde los órganos fuente, la actividad de los vertederos y de las enzimas biosintéticas asociadas. Mediciones de la planta entera in vivo han demos- trado que la tasa de flujo de carbono depende además de las

Adriana Tofiño; Hernán Mauricio Romero; Hernán Ceballos

2007-01-01

4

PROPUESTA DE UN MODELO PARA IDENTIFICAR IMPACTOS AMBIENTALES DEL TURISMO EN ESPACIOS NATURALES  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN En este trabajo se propone un modelo para predecir y estimar de forma cualitativa los impactos ambientales que los visitantes de un área recreativa provocan, dependiendo del tipo de actividades que realizan y de las características del paraje. Este método podría servir como herramienta para gestionar el turismo y planificar las áreas recreativas de for- ma que pueda satisfacerse

Manuela Andrés Abellán; Antonio del Cerro Barja; Javier Benayas del Alamo

5

JORNADA AGUA Y ENERGA Organiza: Instituto Universitario del Agua y de las Ciencias Ambientales (IUACA)  

E-print Network

JORNADA AGUA Y ENERGÍA Organiza: Instituto Universitario del Agua y de las Ciencias Ambientales el ciclo integral del agua Daniel Prats Rico Catedrático de Ingeniería Química 13:00-14:00 Agua Domingo Zarzo Martínez Director de I+D+i de Valoriza Agua 19:00-21:00. Marco jurídico de la explotación

Escolano, Francisco

6

CDIGO DIA HORA AULA CURSO TITULACION ASIGNATURA 2106001 16/06/2014 9:00 002, 003 Aulario III 1 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Geologa  

E-print Network

de Suelos 2106027 24/06/2014 18:00 106 Aulario II 3 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Riesgos Naturales III 3 Grado en Ciencias Ambientales Gestión de Suelos y Recursos Hídricos 2106034 17/06/2014 15:00 207

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

7

Mesotelioma pleurico ed esposizione ambientale a fibre minerali: il caso di un'area rurale in Basilicata  

Microsoft Academic Search

Riassunto. - Sono descritte le caratteristiche dei siti con esposizione ambientale a fibre minerali asbestiformi cui sono conseguiti una serie di effetti sanitari tra i quali un'elevata incidenza di mesotelioma pleurico. In questi casi l'esposizione coinvolge la popolazione generale, il livello medio di concentrazione delle fibre in aria è generalmente basso, ma può aumentare significativamente quando i materiali contenenti le

Roberto PASETTO; Biagio BRUNI; Caterina BRUNO; Gabriella CAUZILLO

8

Nonparametric Methods for Sample Surveys of Environmental Populations Metodi nonparametrici nell'inferenza per p opolazioni finite di carattere ambientale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Riassunto: Il lavoro presenta una rassegna della letteratura sull'impiego di tecniche di regressione nonparametrica nell'inferenza assistita dal modello su popolazioni finite di carattere ambientale. Affronta poi il problema della stima della funzione di distribuzione di una variabile oggetto di indagine in presenza di informazione ausiliaria completa. I pesi di riporto all'universo sono determinati attraverso il metodo di massima pseudo- verosimiglianza

Giorgio E. Montanari; M. Giovanna Ranalli

9

social media social media  

E-print Network

social media #12;#12;#12;#12;social media: what it is what it does ethics & effectiveness #12;a social media marketing agency #12;social media: what it is #12;#12;SOCIAL MEDIA micro- blog social networks podcasts internet forums photo/ video Sharing blogs/ vlogs mobile apps social book- marks wikis

Lin, Xiaodong

10

carrires sociales animation sociale  

E-print Network

carrières sociales option animation sociale et socio-culturelle SCIENCES, HUMAINES ET SOCIALES 46 02 sec_iutfc@univ-fcomte.fr dut carrières sociales option animation sociale et socio'études à l'Université de Franche-Comté Licences professionnelles -- Intervention sociale, spécialité

Jeanjean, Louis

11

SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology  

E-print Network

156 SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology Degree options MA (Single Honours Degree) Social Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art History Anthropology Geography with Social Anthropology Social Anthropology with Geography Entrance Requirements (see

Brierley, Andrew

12

Social Phobia (SocialAnxiety  

E-print Network

Social Phobia (SocialAnxiety Disorder): Always Embarrassed Are you afraid of being judged by others at work or school? If so, you may have a type of anxiety disorder called social phobia, also called socialS national institutes of Health #12;Social Phobia (SocialAnxiety Disorder) What is social phobia? Social

Bandettini, Peter A.

13

Social Networks, Social Media, Social Change  

E-print Network

CHAPTER XX Social Networks, Social Media, Social Change Jürgen Pfeffer, Kathleen M. Carley Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, USA jpfeffer@cs.cmu.edu, kathleen.carley@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT Social Media. In particular, the Arab Spring 2011 has been heralded as a social media based social transformation

Sadeh, Norman M.

14

SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology  

E-print Network

146 SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology MA (Single Honours Degree) Social Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art History Classical Studies the majority of the course deals with the first-named subject: Economics with Social Anthropology Geography

Brierley, Andrew

15

Social Distress  

MedlinePLUS

PATIENT / FAMILY TEACHING SHEET Social Distress What is social distress? Social distress is a change in a person’s social life (roles, ... to let the patient become secluded. Other HPNA Teaching Sheets on are available at www.HPNA.org. ...

16

Social economics and social capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates key developments in the social capital literature over the past decade. It then examines empirical work on the purported the link between social capital and economic performance. Although these results indicate that good governance and social cohesion make a measurable contribution to economic development, the offer little guidance for policy formulation. Early contributors to the social capital

Joe Wallis; Paul Killerby; Brian Dollery

2004-01-01

17

Efectos olvidados en las relaciones de causalidad de las acciones del sistema de capacitación en las organizaciones empresariales = Forgotten effects of the causality relationships in the knowledge management in tourism organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se propone y se desarrolla un procedimiento desde el paradigma de la complejidad que, partiendo de las características más generales que permiten identificar a las organizaciones turísticas como sistemas sociales humanos complejos, valora los impactos de la capacitación en la consecución de las metas organizacionales. El procedimiento se aborda desde la aplicación del modelo de valoración de los efectos olvidados

Jesús Miguel Rodríguez Rubinos; Miguel Armando Ramírez Reyes; Vicente Díaz Pontones

2008-01-01

18

social Media;  

E-print Network

Social media allows individual to interact with one another and build relationships. When companies join the social channels, consumers can interact with them and they can communicate with consumers directly. Social media revolution, it is more than obvious that social media like Facebook, Twitter, Orkut, MySpace, Skype etc., are used extensively for the purpose of communication. One of the most important advantages of the use of social media is the online sharing of knowledge and information among the different groups of people. It is practically impossible to design a marketing strategy without considering social networks. Social media has become really important in today s marketing mix in general and in promoting the new product and existing on in particular. The paper carries out empirical research to understand the effectiveness of social media as a marketing tool.

S. Divya; Bulomine Regi

19

Social Explorer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Explorer provides quick and easy access to current and historical census data and demographic information. The easy-to-use web interface lets users create maps and reports to illustrate, analyze, and understand demography and social change.

Explorer, Social

20

Social Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is commonly agreed that social welfare ideas and philosophies emanate from many faith traditions, the complex\\u000a link between religion and social welfare merits careful examination. Prowelfare values only set the overall social expectations;\\u000a they do not create formal social welfare programs. Helping the needy can range from a one-time help for a known neighbor to\\u000a the establishment of

Ram A. Cnaan; Charlene C. McGrew

21

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate 1 #12;www.bath.ac.uk/sps Undergraduate Social Work and Applied Social Studies What is Social Work? `The social work profession promotes social change' (International Federation of Social Workers, 2000) Social work is an exceptionally interesting, challenging

Burton, Geoffrey R.

22

Social Learning in Social Networks  

E-print Network

This paper analyzes a model of social learning in a social network. Agents decide whether or not to adopt a new technology with unknown payoffs based on their prior beliefs and the experiences of their neighbors in the ...

Lamberson, Peter John

23

Social norms or social preferences?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some behavioral economists argue that the honoring of social norms can be adequately modeled as the optimization of social\\u000a utility functions in which the welfare of others appears as an explicit argument. This paper suggests that the large experimental\\u000a claims made for social utility functions are premature at best, and that social norms are better studied as equilibrium selection\\u000a devices

Ken Binmore

2010-01-01

24

Social Indicators and Social Reporting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the several research traditions which combine to form the social indicators movement. All the traditions share concern for measurement, analysis, and reporting of aspects of social conditions to a general audience. Journal available from: American Academy of Political and Social Science, 3937 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania…

Parke, Robert; Seidman, David

1978-01-01

25

Turismo y territorio en México. Alternativas en el Altiplano Potosino  

Microsoft Academic Search

En México, el turismo se perfila como la actividad que genera mayores ingresos económicos después del petróleo y las remesas. No obstante, en los últimos años se ha desgastado la imagen de algunos centros litorales más conocidos como Acapulco y Cancún. La necesidad de reducir los efectos ambientales y sociales motivados por el consumo intensivo de escasos espacios geográficos para

Valente Vázquez Solís; Paz Benito del Pozo

2009-01-01

26

Social isolation.  

PubMed

Social species, by definition, form organizations that extend beyond the individual. These structures evolved hand in hand with behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced. Social isolation represents a lens through which to investigate these behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms. Evidence from human and nonhuman animal studies indicates that isolation heightens sensitivity to social threats (predator evasion) and motivates the renewal of social connections. The effects of perceived isolation in humans share much in common with the effects of experimental manipulations of isolation in nonhuman social species: increased tonic sympathetic tonus and HPA activation; and decreased inflammatory control, immunity, sleep salubrity, and expression of genes regulating glucocorticoid responses. Together, these effects contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality in older adults. PMID:21651565

Cacioppo, John T; Hawkley, Louise C; Norman, Greg J; Berntson, Gary G

2011-08-01

27

Social isolation  

PubMed Central

Social species, by definition, form organizations that extend beyond the individual. These structures evolved hand in hand with behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced. Social isolation represents a lens through which to investigate these behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms. Evidence from human and nonhuman animal studies indicates that isolation heightens sensitivity to social threats (predator evasion) and motivates the renewal of social connections. The effects of perceived isolation in humans share much in common with the effects of experimental manipulations of isolation in nonhuman social species: increased tonic sympathetic tonus and HPA activation, and decreased inflammatory control, immunity, sleep salubrity, and expression of genes regulating glucocorticoid responses. Together, these effects contribute to higher rates of morbidity and mortality in older adults. PMID:21651565

Cacioppo, John T.; Hawkley, Louise C.; Norman, Greg J.; Berntson, Gary G.

2011-01-01

28

Uncovering Social Spammers: Social Honeypots + Machine Learning  

E-print Network

honeypots in MySpace and Twitter. We find that the deployed social honeypots identify social spammers social features ­ from Web-based social net- works (e.g., Facebook, MySpace) to online social media sites

Caverlee, James

29

Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

A society is characterized by the common attitudes and behavior of its members. Such behavior reflects purposive decision making by individuals, given the environment they live in. Thus, as technology changes, so might social norms. There were big changes in social norms during the 20th century, especially in sexual mores. In 1900 only six percent of unwed females engaged in

Jeremy Greenwood; Nezih Guner

2008-01-01

30

Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society is characterized by the common attitudes and behaviour of its members. Such behaviour reflects purposive decision making by individuals, given the environment they live in. Thus, as technology changes, so might social norms. There were big changes in social norms during the 20th Century, especially in sexual mores. In 1900 only six percent of unwed females engaged in premarital

Jeremy Greenwoodyand Nezih Gunerz; Nezih Guner

1964-01-01

31

Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society is characterized by the common attitudes and behaviour of its members. Such behaviour reflects purposive decision making by individuals, given the environment they live in. Thus, as technology changes, so might social norms. There were big changes in social norms during the 20th Century, especially in sexual mores. In 1900 only six percent of unwed females engaged in premarital

Jeremy Greenwood; Nezih Guner

2007-01-01

32

Social Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MySpace and Facebook may have been pioneers in the world of social software, but nowadays, colleges and universities across the country are embracing better and more targeted forms of technology, to enable their campus users to interact. Today, the world of social software includes traditional venues and formats: (1) blogs; (2) wikis; and (3)…

Villano, Matt

2007-01-01

33

Social Work and Applied Social Studies  

E-print Network

Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate #12;Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences 2, social policy, international development and social work. Many of our staff are at the forefront Guide 2015, for example, social work at Bath is ranked 1st, sociology 2nd, social policy 3rd. Bath

Burton, Geoffrey R.

34

of Social Work and Social Policy  

E-print Network

School of Social Work and Social Policy School M.Sc. in Disability Studies #12;The M and benefit from the input of the different academic centres involved in the M.Sc. including: Social Work Dublin) School of Social Work and Social Policy School of Social Work and Social Policy #12;Two options

O'Mahony, Donal E.

35

Social Norms and Social Assets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social norms are often posited as an explanation of differences in the economic behavior and performance of societies that are difficult to explain by differences in endowments and technology. The successful integration of social norms into economic models requires an understanding of the basis of the differences in preferences that lead to different behaviors. I explore the difference between deep

Andrew Postlewaite

2011-01-01

36

Whereto, the Social Studies: Social Studies or the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper defines, inquires into the relationships, and analyzes the terms social sciences and social studies. Too often social studies are a simplified instructional adaptation from the social sciences in which curricular decisions are made on the basis of dictates of the social science disciplines and of college prerequisites. A social studies…

Shaver, James P.

37

Social Psychology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... and Cognitive Sciences Social Psychology Description The Social Psychology Program at NSF ... emotion, social comparison and social influence, and the psychophysiological and neurophysiological ...

38

Social Phobia  

MedlinePLUS

... for help. Missing a chance to share their talents and learn new skills. Social phobia might prevent ... auditioning for the school play, being in the talent show, trying out for a team, or joining ...

39

Social Pollution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social pollution provides the matrix for the pollution of the physical environment. This stems from man's present inability to function synergistically. To find new freedoms in purposeful evolution, we will have to start cleansing our Mind. (Author/SD)

Esser, Aristide Henri

1971-01-01

40

Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major social networking tools like MySpace and Facebook give people an online identity-and an online space to call their own. Other social networking tools are more nuanced than sharing whole personalities like on MySpace. Tools like Library Thing, Flickr, and del. icio.us that focus on connecting people through certain media and interests offer specialized value to users. This paper

Melissa L. Rethlefsen

2007-01-01

41

Social Work 0 -1 Social Work Today  

E-print Network

School of Social Work #12;Contents 0 - 1 Social Work Today 2 - 3 The World of Social Work 4 - 11 standards that govern their social work practice. Typical service users include: G Children and families people with health and social care needs. Social work is difficult and challenging: it demands maturity

Jones, Graeme A.

42

Recommendation in Social Networks  

E-print Network

in Social Networks, Tutorial at RecSys 2013 7 Social Networks · Different types of social relationships 8 Social Networks · Explicit social network relationships provided by users · Implicit social] · The formation and evolution of social networks is affected by many effects, including ­Self-interest, ­Social

Ester, Martin

43

[Social pain].  

PubMed

This chapter focuses on what social pain is and how it should be managed. In order to understand social pain in a cancer patient, it is necessary to recognize the change in the patient's daily life after the diagnosis of cancer. Because the degree of suffering and the relationships with family members and the people he or she worked with differ from patient to patient, it is important to note that the context of social pain is different in each patient. Five points shown below are essential in managing social pain. 1. Economical suffering may be alleviated by utilization of the social security system while taking into account each patient's standard of living. 2. Burdens on family members should be lessened, such as by not having them stay at the patient's bedside every day and letting them go home occasionally. 3. The normal patterns of communication, support, and conflict in the family should be identified, and the extent to which they have been disrupted by the illness should be assessed. 4. It is important to understand the ethnic, cultural, and religious background of the patient and the potential impact of their influence on the individual and the illness. 5. Practical or emotional unfinished business that the patient has needs to be identified, and efforts should be made to support fulfillment. PMID:21950034

Shimoyama, Naohito; Shimoyama, Megumi

2011-09-01

44

Efectos sociales de la contaminación acústica. Una aplicación de valoración al transporte ferroviario  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes an application of contingent valuation to estimate welfare losses caused by noise pollution in the railway line connecting Galicia and Portugal. In addition, temporary specification related to the payment vehicle in the valuation and the internationally used rating scales of annoyance were applied to the analysis of the data. Results show a positive willingness to pay of

Roi Durán; María Xosé Vázquez Rodríguez

2009-01-01

45

“Social Workers”  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to rejuvenate the relationship between Industrial Archaeology and social theory, this chapter has offered some comparative perspectives on how we currently define our sub-discipline. By revisiting our intellectual ties with the existing fields of heritage studies, postmedieval and historical archaeology, we bring new theoretical depth to our archaeological scholarship. From its early origins in the 1950s, Industrial

Eleanor Conlin Casella

46

Social Engineering hits Social Commerce  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Looking at social commerce, a bunch of bewildering phenomena attracts the attention of social psychologists. The way customers participate today shows attitudes and ethical behavior which cannot be explained from the inherent conditions of Web 2.0 environments alone. Fraud often succeeds, when you do not expect it, and honesty can be found under circumstances that do not support honesty at all. The current situation seems to result from customers assigning experience and ethics from real world business to virtual business environments. But there are indications that this situation may change. Social commerce could suffer as soon as customers would use its inherent weaknesses to their own advantage. The following article outlines first approaches to research into this topic.

Degenhardt, Werner; Wiele, Johannes

47

Social medicine and social policy.  

PubMed Central

Social medicine as a term has achieved acceptance in medical education and medical practice, although there is still some question as to its acceptance in reality. The term had its origin in the vigorous nineteenth-century efforts at both medical and social reform, combining the two in a recognition of the intimate connection between social factors and the causation of disease. Henry Ernest Sigerist, a Swiss physician and noted scholar of medical history, formulated the broadest concept in the 1930s, attracting students and a latent American reform movement toward the idea of restructuring medical education as one part of social reform, and indicating ways of restructuring medical practice as another element in improving medical care at the same time. In addition to promulgating the doctrine, he established the policy of examining and describing systems of medical education and medical care in other parts of the world, not only to assist in improving medical care in countries with well-organized systems, but to assist countries with poor resources and lesser organizational capability in meeting the goals of social medicine. Doubt as to the durability of the concept has been expressed, insofar as the recommended improvements have lagged behind the expression, and because so many changes have taken place in the nature of medical practice, medical discoveries, and advances in technology. A closer examination of Sigerist's writings on the subject and evaluation of the circumstances around present-day problems would seem to indicate that the flaw is not in the doctrine, but in the lack of social application. PMID:6537694

Silver, G. A.

1984-01-01

48

Departament de Treball Social i Serveis Socials Departamento de Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales  

E-print Network

Departament de Treball Social i Serveis Socials Departamento de Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales-mail: dtsss@ua.es http://dtsss.ua.es/es/ Jornada Día Mundial del Trabajo Social 16 de marzo de 2012 El Departamento de Trabajo Social y Servicios Sociales se une a la celebración internacional del Día Mundial del

Escolano, Francisco

49

School of Social Sciences Social Horizons  

E-print Network

School of Social Sciences Social Horizons Welcome to Social Horizons, the undergraduate news bulletin from the School of Social Sciences which features our most recent developments and stories. The School of Social Sciences provides a vibrant, supportive learning environment where you can explore

Evans, Paul

50

Teaching for social justice and social action.  

PubMed

Social justice education involves promoting critical awareness of social inequalities and developing skills that work against these inequalities. This article describes a general theoretical framework for social justice education, describes general strategies for facilitating students' social justice awareness and engagement, identifies challenges to social education, and highlights articles in the special issue that address these themes. PMID:24010558

Torres-Harding, Susan R; Meyers, Steven A

2013-01-01

51

Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACTMilton Friedman argued that the social responsibility of firms is to maximize profits. This paper examines this argument for the economic environment envisioned by Friedman in which citizens can personally give to social causes and can invest in profit-maximizing firms and firms that give a portion of their profits to social causes. Citizens obtain social satisfaction from corporate social giving,

David P. Baron

2007-01-01

52

SCHOOL OF SOCIOLOGY, SOCIAL POLICY & SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

1 SCHOOL OF SOCIOLOGY, SOCIAL POLICY & SOCIAL WORK COMPENDIUM OF EVIDENCE BASED PROJECTS January-Based Projects' based on the work of seven final year social work students on the Bachelor of Social Work at Queen's University Belfast. Each dealing with a very different and relevant theme for social work

Paxton, Anthony T.

53

College of Social Work SW Social Work  

E-print Network

College of Social Work SW Social Work KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped) Introduction to social welfare concepts and philosophies. Examination of the profession of social work and its will be studied. Required of social work majors and recommended it be taken the first year. SW 222 DEVELOPMENT

MacAdam, Keith

54

Social norms and social choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments can provide rich information on behavior conditional on the institutional rules of the game being imposed by the experimenter. We consider what happens when the subjects are allowed to choose the institution through a simple social choice procedure. Our case study is a setting in which sanctions may or may not be allowed to encourage \\

Anabela Botelho; Glenn W. Harrison; Lígia Pinto; Elisabet E. Rutstrom

2005-01-01

55

Social Norms and Social Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments can provide rich information on behavior conditional on the institutional rules of the game being imposed by the experimenter. We consider what happens when the subjects are allowed to choose the institution through a simple social choice procedure. Our case study is a setting in which sanctions may or may not be allowed to encourage \\

Anabela Botelho; Glenn W. Harrison; Lígia M. Costa; Elisabet E. Rutström

56

Social norms and social choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Experiments can provide rich information on behavior conditional on the institutional rules of the game being imposed by the experimenter. We consider what happens when the subjects are allowed to choose the institution through a simple social choice procedure. Our case study is a setting in which sanctions may or may not be allowed to encourage “righteous behavior.” Laboratory

A. Botelho; G. W. Harrison; Costa Pinto

2005-01-01

57

Social Lift or Social Exclusion?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transmitting the achievements of civilization and the values of culture to younger generations is the task of today's higher education as the agent of socialization, the accumulation of human capital, and the formation of the middle class. All of these vital functions of higher education can be accomplished provided that efforts are made to ensure…

Aleshina, M. V.; Pleve, I. R.

2010-01-01

58

Social Watch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1995, Social Watch was first established to provide a global platform for non-governmental organizations to monitor and promote the effective implementation of the commitments made by national governments during the United Nations World Summit on Social Development. Since that time, the group's work has continued in the areas of monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality and users with interests in these areas will appreciate both the organization's annual report (available from the homepage) and its country-by-country reports. One very well-developed interactive graphic feature is the development indicator section of the site. Here, visitors can view representations of such indicators as female adult literacy, deforestation, and fertility across the globe, along with discrete data from each country. Additionally, many of the materials offered here are available in Spanish as well.

59

Social Geography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The open-access journal "Social Geography" is primarily concerned with "the interrelation of society, practice and space and its implications for every day-life, social and environmental policy or economic practice." The journal was started in 2005, and visitors with an interest in human geography or sociology will appreciate their offerings. Users can start by reading through the "General Information" section, then looking over their submission guidelines. After that, visitors will want to click on over to the "Online Library SG" area, where they can read final papers and also search all of the submitted papers by title and author. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive email alerts and RSS feeds.

60

Social Goals, Social Behavior, and Social Status in Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines motivational precursors of social status and the applicability of a dual-component model of social competence to middle childhood. Concurrent and longitudinal relationships between self-reported social goals (social development, demonstration-approach, demonstration-avoid goal orientations), teacher-rated prosocial and…

Rodkin, Philip C.; Ryan, Allison M.; Jamison, Rhonda; Wilson, Travis

2013-01-01

61

Connectibles : tangible social networking  

E-print Network

This thesis presents "Connectibles," an instantiation of a tangible social network, a new type of social network application rooted in physical objects and real world social behavior. This research is inspired by social ...

Kalanithi, Jeevan James

2007-01-01

62

School of Social Sciences Social Horizons  

E-print Network

and Social Care and Counselling is delighted to announce the forthcoming publication of a core, key text book to support undergraduate students on the BA (Hons) Health and Social Care and BA (Hons) Social Work courses. Key Themes in Health and Social Care was a collaborative effort produced from the wealth

Evans, Paul

63

Social Networking Guidelines Student Social Media Policy  

E-print Network

Social Networking Guidelines Student Social Media Policy The Fogelman College of Business communicate and that students want to be a part of this ever-changing platform. Social networking sites expand courtesy. Follow the rules. Make sure you understand the policies and terms of use of any social media

Dasgupta, Dipankar

64

Social Networks and Social Influences in Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people are concerned with making and keeping friends, and they invest a great deal of energy in group social life to do so. This book charts the interactions of young people both in and out of school and the role of peers and friends in strengthening social attachments and in establishing social identities. It describes how social identities…

Cotterell, John

65

Social Work Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work Social work engages with individuals, families, communities and societies to improve and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork A Bachelor of Social Work degree can lead to careers and advocacy associations. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

66

Social work BA (Hons) in Social Work  

E-print Network

Social work Essentials Course BA (Hons) in Social Work (3 years full time. Part-time route, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited to contact the admissions tutor their basic IT competence and their personal suitability to enter the social work profession in line

Sussex, University of

67

Service social des tudiants Les Assistantes Sociales  

E-print Network

Service social des étudiants Les Assistantes Sociales : * vous informent sur la vie à l'Université et ses conditions matérielles : bourses, logement, budget, prêt, législation sociale social * effectuent, avec votre accord, des interventions, des liaisons auprès des organismes (CROUS

Di Girolami, Cristina

68

Social Awareness Concepts to Support Social Computing  

E-print Network

Social Awareness Concepts to Support Social Computing Andry Rakotonirainy Centre for Accident:p.obst@qut.edu.au Abstract--Our social life is characterised by norms that man- ifest as attitudinal and behavioural uniformities among people. With greater awareness about our social context, we can interact more efficiently

Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

69

9Social Endocrinology Hormones and Social Motivation  

E-print Network

171 9Social Endocrinology Hormones and Social Motivation PRANJAL H. MEHTA and ROBERT A. JOSEPHS P sychologists have long understood that research on the biological systems of social behavior is critical to our understanding of human social functioning. In his 1967 book titled The Biological Basis of Personality

Josephs, Robert

70

Understanding Social Entrepreneurship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of social entrepreneurship in social, cultural and economic terms is increasingly acknowledged. Drawing on data from the second Social Entrepreneurship Monitor report published by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) UK project, this article focuses on the social entrepreneurs who may grow the social enterprises of the future.…

Harding, Rebecca

2007-01-01

71

Religious Education and Socialization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers Religious Education (RE) from the perspective of socialization theory. After clarifying the concept of socialization, an understanding of socialization processes, requiring the simultaneous development of both a personal and a social identity, is linked with RE. The development of both a personal and a social identity calls…

Vermeer, Paul

2010-01-01

72

Social Science, Interdisciplinary Programs  

E-print Network

Social Science, Interdisciplinary Programs Sample Occupations Administrator Anthropologist in Social Science Careers....................IIB 19-3000 M2 Professional Careers Sourcebook.* #12;Sample Professional Organizations American Academy of Political & Social Science Philadelphia, PA

Ronquist, Fredrik

73

Nurses and social media.  

PubMed

Nurses' use of social media and other electronic communications has increased significantly with growing numbers of social media opportunities, platforms and applications including blogs, social networking sites, video sites and online chat rooms and forums. PMID:24690934

Farrelly, Rory

74

Understanding Social Media: Accelerating Social Participation  

E-print Network

Understanding Social Media: Accelerating Social Participation Ben Shneiderman ben, graphics · Instructions, messages, help · Collaboration & Social Media · Help, tutorials, training · Search: Business Intelligence #12;www.hivegroup.com Treemap: Supply Chain #12;Treemap: NY Times ­ Car&Truck Sales

Shneiderman, Ben

75

Socialization of Social Anxiety in Adolescent Crowds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we looked at whether social anxiety is socialized, or influenced by peers' social anxiety, more in some peer crowds than others. Adolescents in crowds with eye-catching appearances such as Goths and Punks (here termed "Radical"), were compared with three comparison groups. Using data from 796 adolescents (353 girls and 443 boys; M…

Van Zalk, Nejra; Van Zalk, Maarten Herman Walter; Kerr, Margaret

2011-01-01

76

Online social network acceptance: a social perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Building upon studies of social psychology and information system literature, this study aims to propose and empirically test a research model that incorporates interpersonal motives (sociability and status) and hedonic motive (perceived enjoyment), and the three processes of social influence: compliance, identification and internalisation, to explain one's intention to use social network (SN) web sites. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

David C. Li

2011-01-01

77

Social categories are shaped by social experience.  

PubMed

A new study by Rhodes and colleagues offers insight into the development of social essentialism - the belief that members of social categories share essential properties (e.g., attitudes, psychological capacities). The challenge now is to consider these issues in children raised in the more diverse social environments that constitute the range of human experience. PMID:23026021

Waxman, Sandra R

2012-11-01

78

Collective Social Dynamics and Social Norms  

Microsoft Academic Search

How individual behaviour is determined or at least influenced by social norms is one of the classic questions of social theory. We consider a norm as a rule guiding individual decisions concerning rituals, beliefs, traditions, and routines. Whenever coordinated behaviour is enforced without the help of an authority, this may be due to social norms. The individual being in the

Thomas Fent; Frank Schweitzer

2006-01-01

79

Using Social Visualization to Motivate Social Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we argue that social visualization can motivate contributors to social production projects, such as Wikipedia and open source development. As evidence, we present CodeSaw, a social visualization of open source software development that we studied with real open source communities. CodeSaw mines open source archives to visualize group dynamics that currently lie buried in textual databases. Furthermore,

Eric Gilbert; Karrie Karahalios

2009-01-01

80

CITIZENSHIP, And SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURISM  

E-print Network

CENTER ON: PROPERTY, CITIZENSHIP, And SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURISM A Center for Advanced Property Studies, Citizenship, and Social Entrepreneurism PCSE ("Peace") REAL ESTATE TRANSACTIONS & FINANCE COMMUNITY

Mather, Patrick T.

81

Leveraging social context for searching social media  

E-print Network

The ability to utilize and benefit from today’s explosion of social media sites depends on providing tools that allow users to productively participate. In order to participate, users must be able to find resources (both people and information) that they find valuable. Here, we argue that in order to do this effectively, we should make use of a user’s “social context”. A user’s social context includes both their personal social context (their friends and the communities to which they belong) and their community social context (their role and identity in different communities).

Marc Smith; Lise Getoor; Vladimir Barash; Hady W. Lauw

2008-01-01

82

Identifying Social Satisfaction from Social Media  

E-print Network

We demonstrate the critical need to identify social situation and instability factors by acquiring public social satisfaction in this research. However, subject to the large amount of manual work cost in subject recruitment and data processing, conventional self-reported method cannot be implemented in real time or applied in large scale investigation. To solve the problem, this paper proposed an approach to predict users' social satisfaction, especially for the economy-related satisfaction based on users' social media records. We recruited 2,018 Cantonese active participants from each city in Guangdong province according to the population distribution. Both behavioral and linguistic features of the participants are extracted from the online records of social media, i.e., Sina Weibo. Regression models are used to predict Sina Weibo users' social satisfaction. Furthermore, we consult the economic indexes of Guangdong in 2012, and calculate the correlations between these indexes and the predicted social satisfa...

Bai, Shuotian; Hao, Bibo; Yuan, Sha; Zhu, Tingshao

2014-01-01

83

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE ECONOMICS OF CONSUMER SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  

E-print Network

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE ECONOMICS OF CONSUMER SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Fabrice ETILE Paris, France. Abstract The promotion of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is likely to depend- and social-image concerns, and careful label regulation. Keywords: corporate social responsibility, consumer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

84

Social Media QMUL Digital Communications Strategy Social Media  

E-print Network

Social Media ­ QMUL Digital Communications Strategy 1 Social Media QMUL Social Media Strategy provides staff with a framework for using social media uses social media to build relationships ­ and a strong community ­ through

Chittka, Lars

85

Social Media Perry Cantarutti  

E-print Network

Social Media Perry Cantarutti Senior Vice President Europe, Middle East and Africa Northwestern, INC. Delta's Presence in Social Media · @Delta, @DeltaNewsRoom and @DeltaAssist · Real time customer LINES, INC. When is a message right for a social medium? 4 Is it right for social media? What value does

Bustamante, Fabián E.

86

Signals in Social Supernets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social network sites (SNSs) provide a new way to organize and navigate an egocentric social network. Are they a fad, briefly popular but ultimately useless? Or are they the harbingers of a new and more powerful social world, where the ability to maintain an immense network - a social \\

Judith Donath

2007-01-01

87

Ottawa, Canada Social Work  

E-print Network

issues and socio-economic structures provides a basis for critical social analysis, empowerment and collectively.The school also stresses the need for a critical analysis of the social policies of studies, you will take Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare (SOWK 1000), an introductory course

88

Counseling and Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author expands on "The Scandal of Social Work Education," a National Association of Scholars study documenting the commitment to left-wing "social justice" in social work programs at ten major public institutions. He presents a critical exploration of social justice ideology in academic and professional mental health training…

Hunsaker, Robert C.

2011-01-01

89

Psychology 410 Social Neuroscience  

E-print Network

of Cacioppo 1992. Class 1: T 7/24 ­ historical perspective, methods in social neuroscience, neuroanatomy, neuroanatomy (briefly), discussion of Lieberman 2007. Class 3: R 7/26 ­ social neuroscience at UO, social Decision-making, Neuroeconomics, `pains and pleasures of social life' Class 6: W 8/1 ­ Dissection 1 due

Lockery, Shawn

90

Social Networks Ulrik Brandes  

E-print Network

on information visualization approaches, interaction, and network applications from social media are given in [CM theory is the idea that seemingly autonomous individuals and organizations are in fact embedded in social perspective from other research traditions on social groups and social categories [Bar54]. In general

Brandes, Ulrik

91

Children's Social Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of recent developmental research on themes related to children's social identities. Initially, consideration is given to the capacity for social categorization, following which attention is given to children's developing conceptions of social identities, their identification with social groups, and the…

Bennett, Mark

2011-01-01

92

Social media Introduction  

E-print Network

Social media guidelines #12;Introduction Social networking tools and media sites are two social media can provide a rich experience for collaboration and the sharing of knowledge, ideas will help ensure that your programs social media align with the U of S position and best practices

Saskatchewan, University of

93

Social Computing and CALL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term social computing was introduced into the world of CALL by Debski and colleagues in 1997. In 2006, the terms social software, social computing and Web2 are ideas that are exercising the minds of many in the general computing world and tools that enable us to work socially across networks like blogs and wikis are much in vogue. As

Gary Motteram

2006-01-01

94

What is social about social perception research?  

PubMed Central

A growing consensus in social cognitive neuroscience holds that large portions of the primate visual brain are dedicated to the processing of social information, i.e., to those aspects of stimuli that are usually encountered in social interactions such as others' facial expressions, actions, and symbols. Yet, studies of social perception have mostly employed simple pictorial representations of conspecifics. These stimuli are social only in the restricted sense that they physically resemble objects with which the observer would typically interact. In an equally important sense, however, these stimuli might be regarded as “non-social”: the observer knows that they are viewing pictures and might therefore not attribute current mental states to the stimuli or might do so in a qualitatively different way than in a real social interaction. Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of such higher-order conceptualization of the stimulus for social perceptual processing. Here, we assess the similarity between the various types of stimuli used in the laboratory and object classes encountered in real social interactions. We distinguish two different levels at which experimental stimuli can match social stimuli as encountered in everyday social settings: (1) the extent to which a stimulus' physical properties resemble those typically encountered in social interactions and (2) the higher-level conceptualization of the stimulus as indicating another person's mental states. We illustrate the significance of this distinction for social perception research and report new empirical evidence further highlighting the importance of mental state attribution for perceptual processing. Finally, we discuss the potential of this approach to inform studies of clinical conditions such as autism. PMID:23355814

Teufel, Christoph; von dem Hagen, Elisabeth; Plaisted-Grant, Kate C.; Edmonds, James J.; Ayorinde, John O.; Fletcher, Paul C.; Davis, Greg

2012-01-01

95

Genes and Social Behavior  

PubMed Central

What specific genes and regulatory sequences contribute to the organization and functioning of brain circuits that support social behavior? How does social experience interact with information in the genome to modulate these brain circuits? Here we address these questions by highlighting progress that has been made in identifying and understanding two key “vectors of influence” that link genes, brain, and social behavior: 1) social information alters gene readout in the brain to influence behavior; and 2) genetic variation influences brain function and social behavior. We also briefly discuss how evolutionary changes in genomic elements influence social behavior and outline prospects for a systems biology of social behavior. PMID:18988841

Robinson, Gene E.; Fernald, Russell D.; Clayton, David F.

2011-01-01

96

Social Skills Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The term “social skills” encompasses an array of learned behaviors that share the common goal of maintaining or increasing\\u000a reinforcement within a social context. Deficits in social skills can occur at any developmental period and are not likely\\u000a to improve spontaneously because impaired social skills impede interactions with other people. In turn, unsatisfying or disruptive\\u000a interactions exacerbate social skill deficits

Ashley J. Smith; Judith A. Jordan; Mary Fran Flood; David J. Hansen

97

Social cognition in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

The topic of social cognition has attracted considerable interest in schizophrenia over the last several years. This construct generally refers to the detection, processing, and utilization of social information and, within the field of schizophrenia, includes several skills such as recognizing emotion, understanding the thoughts and intentions of others, and interpreting social cues. Individuals with schizophrenia show significant impairments in social cognition, and these impairments are strongly related to functional outcome. Treating social cognition yields significant improvements in real-world outcomes, including social functioning and social skill. Importantly, social cognitive abilities are linked to specific neural circuits that have been shown to be abnormal in individuals with schizophrenia. Investigations of these neural networks in patients have also demonstrated that brain activation is significantly correlated with social functioning, which suggests that abnormal activation in social cognitive networks may serve as a mechanism for social dysfunction in schizophrenia. Among the many challenges in this area is the issue of measurement. There is disagreement about which tasks best measure social cognition and many existing measures show poor psychometric properties. A recent project, called the Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study, aims to address these problems by providing the field with a well-validated battery of social cognitive tasks that can be used in treatment outcome trials. Research is honing in on the potential mechanisms of social cognitive impairment in patients, and with improved measurement, there is promise for optimizing behavioral and pharmacologic interventions and remediation strategies. PMID:24919166

Pinkham, Amy E

2014-01-01

98

Privacy, Social Network Sites, and Social Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growth of the Internet comes a growth in a ubiquitous networked society. Common Web 2.0 applications include a rapidly growing trend for social network sites. Social network sites typically converged different relationship types into one group of “friends.” However, with such vast interconnectivity, convergence of relationships, and information sharing by individual users comes an increased risk of privacy

David J. Houghton; Adam N. Joinson

2010-01-01

99

"The Social Responsibility of the Social Scientist."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social scientists are often adjured to become more "scientific," they might well remember a phenomenon described by Arthur Lovejoy as "metaphysical pathos" or the set of sentiments with which every theory is associated and which are congruent with the mood or deep lying sentiment of its adherents. Examples from the past include the Social…

Watson, Bernard C.

100

Using social media for social activism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses qualitative research methods to analyze how members of the Seattle chapter of a social activist group, Asha for Education, use social media, such as Yahoo! Groups, Microsoft distribution lists, and Facebook to coordinate their organizational activities, fundraise, and build and strengthen community.

Pausali Sen; Irini Spyridakis; Silvia Amtmann; Charlotte P. Lee

2010-01-01

101

Domain specificity in social interactions, social thought, and social development.  

PubMed

J. E. Grusec and M. Davidov (this issue) have taken good steps in formulating a domain-specific view of parent-child interactions. This commentary supports the introduction of domain specificity to analyses of parenting. Their formulation is an advance over formulations that characterized parental practices globally. This commentary calls for inclusion of definitions of the classification system of domain-specific interactions and criteria for each domain. It is also maintained that Grusec and Davidov's domains of social interaction imply that processes of development are involved, along with socialization; that bidirectionality in parent-child relations needs to be extended to include mutual influences and the construction of domains of social thought; and that conflicts and opposition within families coexist with compliance and social harmony. PMID:20573100

Turiel, Elliot

2010-01-01

102

Social Security Administration  

MedlinePLUS

You are exiting the Social Security Administration's website. Select OK to proceed. Disclaimer The Social Security Administration (SSA) website contains links to websites not affiliated with the United States ...

103

Social networking in vehicles  

E-print Network

In-vehicle, location-aware, socially aware telematic systems, known as Flossers, stand to revolutionize vehicles, and how their drivers interact with their physical and social worlds. With Flossers, users can broadcast and ...

Liang, Philip Angus

2006-01-01

104

SocialFunds.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1998 by Jay Falk, SocialFunds.com serves "the investment needs of socially responsible investors." The site hosts a variety of educational guides on community investing and philanthropy as well as analysts' recommendations and company profiles.

105

Public Choice and Socialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of constructing a rational economic order through state control dominated 20th century public policy. The theory\\u000a of socialism swept the intellectual world by grabbing the higher moral ground, and in the policy realm, socialism exerted\\u000a its influence by creating political revolutions in Russia, China, and throughout the underdeveloped world. Less obvious, but\\u000a no less important, was socialism’s influence

Peter J. Boettke; Peter T. Leeson

106

Social Norms and Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social norms are often posited as an explanation of differences in economic behavior and performance of societies that are difficult to explain by differences in endowments and technology. Economists are often reluctant to incorporate social aspects into their analyses when doing so leads to models that depart from the “standard” model. I discuss ways that agents’ social environment can be

Andrew Postlewaite

2010-01-01

107

Burnout in Social Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 18 studies on burnout in social workers. The literature indicates that social workers suffer less burnout than comparable occupational groups, and identifies factors associated with burnout and ways to prevent burnout. Analyzes the methodological quality of the studies and makes recommendations for improving research on burnout in social…

Soderfedlt, Marie; And Others

1995-01-01

108

Social Sustainability: Geography 446  

E-print Network

Social Sustainability: Geography 446 submitted to Sally Hermansen & Lorna Seppala The University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Curranne Labercane February 4th, 2009 #12;Definition Social Sustainability- A socially sustainable community provides an inclusive, equitable, and decent quality of life for current

109

Social Good Ipsum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're looking for some socially redeeming dummy text for your website or other design project, check out Social Good Ipsum. The site will generate just such text with a focus on socially impactful information about important organizations doing great work around the world. This version is compatible with all operating systems.

2014-08-07

110

Nanotechnology and Social Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central claims defended in this article are the following: (a) The social and ethical challenges of nanotechnology can be fully identified only if both the characteristic features of nanotechnologies and the social contexts into which they are emerging are considered. (b) When this is done, a host of significant social context issues, or…

Sandler, Ronald

2007-01-01

111

Social Network Leverage Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks are at an all time high, nowadays. They make the world a smaller place to live in. People can stay in touch with friends and can make new friends on these social networks which traditionally were not possible without internet service. The possibilities provided by social networks enable vast and immediate contact. People tend to spend lot of

Payal Gupta

2011-01-01

112

Social phobia and perfectionism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical evidence suggests that components of perfectionism may have special relevance to social phobia. This study examines this relationship by comparing 61 patients with social phobia and 39 community volunteers with no anxiety disorder on Frost, Marten, Lahart and Rosenblate's (1990) Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS). Social phobia patients scored higher on subscales assessing concern over mistakes, doubts about actions, and

Harlan R. Juster; Richard G. Heimberg; Randy O. Frost; Craig S. Holt; Jill I. Mattia; Karen Faccenda

1996-01-01

113

Citizenship and social justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions on the problems of the welfare state are increasingly framed in terms of citizenship rather than social justice. The popularity of the concept of citizenship raises the question of its implications for social justice theory and research. In this article it is argued that whereas the dominant approach in social justice is essentially individualistic, the concept of citizenship focuses

Ton Bernts; Leo d'Anjou; Dick Houtman

1992-01-01

114

Social Policy Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual model for teaching and practicing social policy is presented, that distinguishes between social policy practice at macro- and micro-levels in order to sort out functional tasks, skills, and the consequent knowledge base. Suggestions are made regarding organizing social policy practice content in both the class and the field.…

Yelaja, Shankar A.

1975-01-01

115

What's BP's social responsibility?  

E-print Network

would like to suggest a third, inanimate culprit: the cult of corporate social responsibility. As crude, corporate social responsibility might seem a perverse target. Surely we need more corporate responsibility-industry of corporate social responsibility -- known as CSR by those in the trade -- a fetish encouraged

116

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Fall 2010 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings: Tuesday to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social psychology (useful in the workplace social psychology to real life. This is a way for the class to include your experiences, as I will share

Gallo, Linda C.

117

Social Media Success Guide  

E-print Network

0 Social Media Success Guide For Employment "A Simple Resource Guide Tailored to Dual Career Center Professionals & Job Seekers" Bethany Spilde Social Buzz Media #12;1 #12;2 Contents Did You Know? ............................................................. 4 Top Online Employment Tools & Resources ................. 5 Social Media Path for Career Seeker

Thomas, David D.

118

Social Networking? Secure Networking?  

E-print Network

Social Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12;Intended Outcomes 1. A shared understanding of: ­ What it means to socialize in a professional environment ­ The intent behind the current security measures in place at OHSU ­ The OHSU Social Networking Guidelines 2

Chapman, Michael S.

119

Ostracism increases social susceptibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ostracism, the act of ignoring and excluding, is a universally applied tactic of social control. Individuals who detect ostracism often change their behaviors to be readmitted into the group, even if it means becoming excessively socially susceptible to influence. We tested whether ostracized individuals are more socially susceptible to a subsequent influence attempt. In this study, 65 undergraduates were randomly

Zhansheng Chen; Kipling D. Williams

2008-01-01

120

How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?*  

E-print Network

How Well Do Social Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility?* Aaron K. Chatterji the implications of our findings for advocates and opponents of corporate social responsibility as well Ratings Actually Measure Corporate Social Responsibility? 1. Introduction An important element

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

121

Social skills training.  

PubMed

Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have prominent social impairment, which is commonly manifested in unskilled behaviors in social situations and difficulties in being accepted and befriended by peers. This social impairment often remains after administration of medication and behavioral contingency management treatments that address the core symptoms of ADHD. This article reviews traditional social skills training (SST) approaches to remediating social impairment, and presents the evidence for their efficacy and significant limitations to their efficacy. The article introduces potential reasons why the efficacy of traditional SST may be limited, and concludes with some promising alternative SST approaches. PMID:25220086

Mikami, Amori Yee; Jia, Mary; Na, Jennifer Jiwon

2014-10-01

122

Predicting Emerging Social Conventions in Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

of the most extreme members of a society [43]. As a consequence of their im- portance, social norms have been--data mining Keywords Social Conventions, Microblog, Prediction 1. INTRODUCTION The importance of social norms norms may begin as social conventions, i.e., simple habits of social interaction. Over time, some social

Gummadi, Krishna P.

123

Social skills, paranoid thinking, and social outcomes among young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research indicates associations between social skills deficits and poor social outcomes (Deniz et al., 2005; Segrin, 1990), and such outcomes and paranoid thinking (Freeman et al., 2005), few studies have investigated links between social skills, paranoid thinking, and social outcomes. Undergraduate students (N=182) completed self-report measures of paranoid thinking, social skills, loneliness, and social support. Paranoid thinking was positively

Heidi R. Riggio; Wing Yee Kwong

2009-01-01

124

Community Discovery Based on Social Actors' Interests and Social Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing availability of social network data has motivated more computational research in social network analysis. Recently, discovering community from social networks came into the big picture of social network study. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for community discovery based on the contents of social actors' personal interests and their social relationships. Our dataset is a populated

Fei Yan; Jing Jiang; Yang Lu; Qingjun Luo; Ming Zhang

2008-01-01

125

Social Policy Is Social Policy right for me?  

E-print Network

Social Policy Is Social Policy right for me? Social Policy is concerned with the social relations a very wide range of topics such as globalisation, devolution, population ageing, housing, social care an in-depth understanding of social policy, ready for employment across a range of government

Harman, Neal.A.

126

Division of Social Sciences Anthropology  

E-print Network

259 Division of Social Sciences Anthropology FACULTY *Year of initial appointment at Binghamton Antoun, Richard T., Professor, PhD, 1963, Harvard University: Social anthropology, religion, social University: Social anthropology, human ecology, nomads; Africa, Middle East. (1973) Ferradas, Carmen A

Suzuki, Masatsugu

127

Human Social Genomics  

PubMed Central

A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural “social signal transduction” pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving. PMID:25166010

Cole, Steven W.

2014-01-01

128

Human social genomics.  

PubMed

A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural "social signal transduction" pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving. PMID:25166010

Cole, Steven W

2014-08-01

129

Oxytocin, vasopressin and sociality.  

PubMed

The neurobiology of social behaviour is interwoven with autonomic, endocrine and other homoeostatic processes responsible for the adaptive functions of reproduction and survival. Young mammals are dependent on their mothers for nourishment, and the interaction between the mother and infant may be a physiological and neuroendocrine prototype for mammalian sociality. Although these adaptive functions of the mother-infant social behavioural dyad are obvious, adult social interactions, including social bonds, also are important to health and survival. Two neuropeptides, oxytocin (OXT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), have been repeatedly implicated in mammalian social behaviours and emotional states that support sociality. Although best known for their roles in reproduction and homoeostasis, these peptides play a central role in the activation and expression of social behaviours and emotional states. Recent studies from our work with the prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster), reviewed here, reveal a role for both OXT and AVP in behavioural and endocrine changes during social interactions, and also changes that are associated with the absence of social interactions (i.e. social isolation). PMID:18655893

Carter, C Sue; Grippo, Angela J; Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Hossein; Ruscio, Michael G; Porges, Stephen W

2008-01-01

130

Wayfinding in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

Liben-Nowell, David

131

Infant social attention predicts preschool social cognition.  

PubMed

Recent research examining infants' understanding of intentional action claims to be studying the early origins or precursors of children's later theories of mind If these infant understandings are continuous with later preschool achievements, there should be empirical connections between the two. We provide initial evidence that infants' social attention predicts later social cognition. Specifically, 14-month-olds' habituation to human intentional action significantly predicts later preschool mentalistic construal of persons, as measured on a Theory of Mind Scale. PMID:15595369

Wellman, Henry M; Phillips, Ann T; Dunphy-Lelii, Sarah; LaLonde, Nicole

2004-06-01

132

Relationality and social interaction.  

PubMed

This paper explores Bourdieu's account of a relational social space, and his relative neglect of social interaction within this framework. Bourdieu includes social capital as one of the key relational elements of his social space, but says much less about it than economic or cultural capital, and levels of social capital are rarely measured in his work. Bourdieu is reluctant to focus on the content of social networks as part of his rejection of substantialist thinking. The neglect of substantive networks creates problems for Bourdieu's framework, because many of Bourdieu's core concepts rest upon assumptions about their interactional properties (in particular, the prevalence of homophilous differential association) which are left unexamined. It is argued here that Bourdieu's neglect of the substance of social networks is related to the criticisms that Bourdieu's framework often encounters, and that this neglect bears re-examination, since it is helpful to think of the ways in which differentiated social networks contribute to the development of habitus, help form fields, and so constitute the intersubjective social relations within which sociality, and practice more generally, occur. PMID:19489825

Bottero, Wendy

2009-06-01

133

Efectos heterogéneos del trabajo infantil en la adquisición de habilidades cognitivas  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio se ocupa de los efectos heterogéneos del trabajo en la formación de capital humano a través de una definición amplia de trabajo que incluye toda actividad asociada a responsabilidades no escolares. Dada la variedad de responsabilidades asumidas por niños y adolescentes peruanos, se toma en cuenta dos criterios para clasificar los diferentes tipos de trabajo: el tipo de

Carmen Ponce

2012-01-01

134

Efecto del suelo en la tasa de crecimiento de especies tropicales con distribuciones contrastantes  

E-print Network

1 Efecto del suelo en la tasa de crecimiento de especies tropicales con distribuciones contribuir a limitar la distribución de las especies. Uno de ellos es la fertilidad del suelo, la que con frecuencia es menor en los bosques más húmedos. Para evaluar el posible rol de la fertilidad del suelo en la

Bermingham, Eldredge

135

Exploring the Interrelationships between Social Welfare and Social Movements: Why this matters for Social Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary social policy has never been more vigorously contested. Issues range from single-issue campaigns over housing, social care, hospital closures through to organised movements around disability, environment, health and education. And at a global level social movements are active in contesting and shaping social policy developments. However, the historical and contemporary role played by social movements in shaping social welfare

Gerry Mooney; Jason Annetts; Alex Law; Wallace McNeish

136

Designing for Social Development: Enhancing Mobile Social Software through Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss the problem of designing mobile social software to support social capital. This approach aims at exploiting ICT to reconcile social and economic development, essential to create a human-centered Information Society. Firstly, a literature review of social capital theory is presented. Then, mobile social software is analyzed according to three dimensions: technical, individual and social. Finally,

Giuseppe Lugano

137

SOCIAL POLICY CURRICULUM Social policies are the guiding principles that serve as the foundation for social  

E-print Network

SOCIAL POLICY CURRICULUM Social policies are the guiding principles that serve as the foundation for social programs. The Social Policy concentration allows you to analyze the ways in which social policies and social institutions influence the course of human lives, as well as the ways in which individuals

Shahriar, Selim

138

Visualizing Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With today‘s ubiquity and popularity of social network applications, the ability to analyze and understand large networks in an efficient manner becomes critically important. However, as networks become larger and more complex, reasoning about social dynamics via simple statistics is not a feasible option. To overcome these limitations, we can rely on visual metaphors. Visualization nowadays is no longer a passive process that produces images from a set of numbers. Recent years have witnessed a convergence of social network analytics and visualization, coupled with interaction, that is changing the way analysts understand and characterize social networks. In this chapter, we discuss the main goal of visualization and how different metaphors are aimed towards elucidating different aspects of social networks, such as structure and semantics. We also describe a number of methods where analytics and visualization are interwoven towards providing a better comprehension of social structure and dynamics.

Correa, Carlos D.; Ma, Kwan-Liu

139

Annual Reviews: Social Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Annual Reviews_ has placed the full text of all titles in the Social Sciences suite online, including all the Social Sciences titles: Anthropology, Energy and the Environment, Political Science, Psychology, Public Health, and Sociology. Online full-text content for the Social Sciences suite begins with 1996 issues, and abstracts are online from 1995. All journals mentioned are produced in conjunction with Stanford University's HighWire Press.

140

Social Problems: Sociology 231  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online syllabi and course readings offer good examples of the manner in which the Internet can enrich university courses. Dr. Frank Elwell's fall 1997 course on social problems explored the links between technological development, population growth, environmental degradation, social change and disorganization, social inequality, deviance and crime. Both the course outline and syllabus feature links to essays by Elwell, study guides, and previous exams.

Elwell, Frank W.

1997-01-01

141

The Social Strategy Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines social determinants of resource competition among Tsimane Amerindian women of Bolivia. We introduce a\\u000a semi-anonymous experiment (the Social Strategy Game) designed to simulate resource competition among women. Information concerning\\u000a dyadic social relationships and demographic data were collected to identify variables influencing resource competition intensity,\\u000a as measured by the number of beads one woman took from another. Relationship

Stacey L. Rucas; Michael Gurven; Hillard Kaplan; Jeffrey Winking

2010-01-01

142

Social Capital and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Pick any current issue of a journal such as Social Science & Medicine or the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health and one is bound to see a featured article about social capital and health. Search on Pubmed for “social capital and health”,\\u000a and one sees over 27,500 articles listed (as of December 2006). Enter the same search term in

Ichiro Kawachi; S. V. Subramanian; Daniel Kim

143

a Social Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Male homosexuality has been viewed by evolutionary psychologists as a Darwinian paradox, and by other social scientists as a social construction.We argue that it is better understood as an evolutionary social construction. Male homosexuality as we now know it is an 18th-century invention, but nonexclusive same-sex sexual behavior has a long evolutionary history. According to the alliance-formation hypoth- esis, same-sex

Pieter R. Adriaens; Andreas De Block

2006-01-01

144

Social movements in health.  

PubMed

Most public health practitioners know that public health has relied on biomedical advances and administrative improvements, but it is less commonly understood that social movements in health have also been sources of motivation for population health advances. This review considers the impacts of social movements focused on urban conditions and health, on the health of children, and on behavioral and substance-related determinants of health and illustrates how these movements have significantly influenced public health activities and programs. We hope this review will motivate public health workers to make common cause with social activists and to encourage social activists to ally with public health professionals. PMID:24328986

Brown, Theodore M; Fee, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

145

Family Demography, Social Theory, and Investment in Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analytic models used by family demographers would be strengthened by the concept of social capital, placed in the context of social exchange theory. Using that concept to designate resources that emerge from social ties, the authors advance five propositions: 1) social capital is a multidimensional attribute of an individual; 2) the dimensions of social capital are the number of

Nan Marie Astone; Constance A. Nathanson; Robert Schoen; Young J. Kim

1999-01-01

146

Women's body dissatisfaction, social class, and social mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies indicate that socially advantaged women are more dissatisfied with their bodies than socially disadvantaged women. These findings have been based on women's current social class, and no attention has been paid to the social class of her family of origin or to intergenerational social mobility. In the present research 912 54-year-old women from a prospective birth cohort study

Lindsay McLaren; Diana Kuh

2004-01-01

147

The Social Validity Assessment of Social Competence Intervention Behavior Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social validation is the value judgment from society on the importance of a study. The social validity of behavior goals used in the social competence intervention literature was assessed using the Q-sort technique. The stimulus items were 80 different social competence behavior goals taken from 78 classroom-based social competence intervention…

Hurley, Jennifer J.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Feurer, Irene D.

2010-01-01

148

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work  

E-print Network

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work First Nations Specialization Purpose The First transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part-time program of studies using: Program Requirement SOCW 300-3 Communication Skills in Social Work Practice SOCW 301-3 Critical Social

Northern British Columbia, University of

149

Social work What social work course is there?  

E-print Network

Social work Essentials What social work course is there? Social Work (3 years full time. Part your personal statement, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited, social work practitioners and service- user and carer representatives In line with appropriate national

Sussex, University of

150

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

151

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

152

SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card  

E-print Network

SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card Applying for a Social and evidence to any Social Security office. Follow instructions below. HOW TO COMPLETE THE APPLICATION Most agency explaining why you need a Social Security number and that you meet all the requirements

Li, Mo

153

Towards Automating Social Engineering Using Social Networking Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing number of people use social networking sites to foster social relationships among each other. While the advantages of the provided services are obvious, drawbacks on a users' privacy and arising implications are often neglected. In this paper we introduce a novel attack called automated social engineering which illustrates how social networking sites can be used for social engineering.

Markus Huber; Stewart Kowalski; Marcus Nohlberg; Simon Tjoa

2009-01-01

154

Socially Distributed Perception: GRACE plays social tag at AAAI 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a robot search task (social tag) that uses social interaction, in the form of asking for help, as an integral component of task completion. Socially distributed perception is defined as a robot's ability to aug- ment its limited sensory capacities through social interaction. We describe the task of social tag and its implementation on the robot GRACE

Marek P. Michalowski; Selma Sabanovic; Carl F. Disalvo; Dídac Busquets; Laura M. Hiatt; Nik A. Melchior; Reid G. Simmons

2007-01-01

155

Social evils, poverty & health.  

PubMed

There is a close association between social circumstances and health. In India, there is a significant burden of both communicable and non communicable diseases. Risk factors responsible for these conditions are underweight, unsafe sex, unsafe water, poor sanitation and hygiene, indoor smoke pollution, zinc, iron and vitamin A deficiency, tobacco use, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. All these risk factors are influenced by social factors and in India the more important factors are poverty and illiteracy. Changing lifestyles as a result of rising incomes are significant risk factors for non communicable diseases. The social evils that influence poverty and health are macrolevel national and regional issues such as physical geography, governance patterns and failures, geopolitics, economic policy, natural resources decline, population growth, the demographic trap and the fiscal trap. Household and microlevel factors include the poverty trap, cultural barriers, lack of innovation and saving, absence of trade or business, unemployment, technological reversal, adverse productivity shock, social issues related to females, and adolescent social issues. Social determinants important for non communicable diseases, defined by the World Health Organization include the social gradient, stress, early life events, social exclusion, improper work conditions, unemployment, lack of social support, addiction, food scarcity or excess and uneven distribution, lack of proper transport, and illiteracy or low educational status. There are multiple pathways through which social factors influence health, and pathophysiological mechanisms involve homeostatic and allostatic changes in response to stress, neuroendocrine changes and altered autonomic functions, and abnormal inflammatory and immune responses. A concerted action to eradicate these social evils shall have to focus on reducing poverty, improving educational status and providing equitable and accessible healthcare to all. PMID:18032803

Gupta, Rajeev; Kumar, Praneet

2007-10-01

156

Sympathy and Social Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social order is possible only if individuals forgo the narrow pursuit of self-interest for the greater good. For over a century, social scientists have argued that sympathy mitigates self-interest and recent empirical work supports this claim. Much less is known about why actors experience sympathy in the first place, particularly in fleeting…

Irwin, Kyle; McGrimmon, Tucker; Simpson, Brent

2008-01-01

157

Social Media Under Social Control: Regulating Social Media and the Future of Socialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of socialization for new and future journalists will look dramatically different from the process undergone by previous generations of journalists because of economic realities and changes in the nature of news production. The rise of social media and their role in the establishment of a successful career will also affect the integration of these rising professionals into their

Susan Currie Sivek

2010-01-01

158

Reinventing Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is so much more to preparing a citizen than merely running students like lemmings through a three-year succession of history survey courses. Everyone is neglecting most of the social sciences in American high schools today, favoring the sequential and systematic delivery of history. What should be primary in the teaching of social studies,…

St. Jarre, Kevin

2008-01-01

159

Anticipatory Consumer Socialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anticipatory consumer socialization is the learning of consumer roles and perceptions, which will be assumed at a later time, such as those that children acquire before they become adult consumers. A survey of 784 adolescents was conducted in a southern state to examine the anticipatory consumer socialization effects of such factors as the mass…

Moore, Roy L.; Moschis, George P.

160

Prediction and Social Systems  

E-print Network

.g. internet, google, 9/11 #12;Measuring Happiness Prediction and Social Systems Black Swans Economics/68 Social Systems: Black Swan Events http://amazon.com unpredictable carries massive impact after the fact carries massive impact after the fact, we concoct an explanation making it appear less random e

Danforth, Chris

161

Commitment to Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to examine commitment as it relates to the pursuit of social change. This is done through the analysis of accounts by veterans of their involvement in feminist social movement organizations (FSMOs). They convey their stories of commitment to the feminist movement with language that one might use to describe an intimate relationship. The collective

Cheryl Hyde

1994-01-01

162

Social Movement in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's recent history is formed by all kinds of social movements. In the early twentieth century, the New Cultural Movement in China introduced the concepts of democracy, equality and liberty. Now, after nearly 90 years of China's social change, the cause of seeking for democracy and equality is still far to be fulfilled. The founding of People's Republic of China

Zhibin Lin; Lixin Zhang

163

Social Action Art Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores intersections among art, action, and community. It describes sociopolitical aspects of the author's art therapy work with survivors of repressive regimes living in Brazil, China, and Denmark and considers ways that unique historical and social processes influenced her conceptualization and practice of social action art therapy.

Golub, Deborah

2005-01-01

164

Social Withdrawal in Childhood  

PubMed Central

Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes, including socio-emotional difficulties (e.g., anxiety, low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and internalizing problems), peer difficulties (e.g., rejection, victimization, poor friendship quality), and school difficulties (e.g., poor-quality teacher-child relationships, academic difficulties, school avoidance). The goals of the current review are to (a) provide some definitional, theoretical, and methodological clarity to the complex array of terms and constructs previously employed in the study of social withdrawal; (b) examine the predictors, correlates, and consequences of child and early-adolescent social withdrawal; and (c) present a developmental framework describing pathways to and from social withdrawal in childhood. PMID:18851686

Rubin, Kenneth H.; Coplan, Robert J.; Bowker, Julie C.

2013-01-01

165

Education and Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is usually the most important predictor of political and social engagement. Over the last half Century, educational levels in the United States have risen sharply, yet levels of political and social participation have not. Norman Nie, Jane Junn and Kenneth Stehlik-Barry (NJS-B) have offered a resolution to this paradox based on the distinction between absolute and relative education, with

John F. Helliwell; Robert D. Putnam

2007-01-01

166

Secrecy and social cohesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

secrecy, Contrary to Georg Simmel s hyperbole that the secret known by two is no longer a secret, many concealments are collectively sustained. Keeping a social secret is a complex and delicate task that requires strong social bonds among those who know its contents. Insiders may be bound together by egoistic calculations of reward and cost or by a sense

Daniel Rigney

1979-01-01

167

Religion and Social Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the proceedings of a conference of social scientists and ministers on "Religion and Social Change" held at the North Carolina State University (Raleigh). Five seminars were held on the topics of (1) economic progress; (2) the distribution of income, status, and power; (3) the local community decision-making process; (4)…

Gregory, Marion, Ed.

168

Cognitive and Social Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticizes Hugh Lacey's separation of cognitive values and social values in discussions of the nature of science. Claims that attempting to distinguish between cognitive and social ignores crucial complexities in the development and use of knowledge. Proposes that the proper distinction be between legitimate and illegitimate reasons in science as…

Machamer, Peter; Douglas, Heather

1999-01-01

169

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings and how individuals behave in social situations. I would like every person to come out of this class Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra

Gallo, Linda C.

170

ARE SOCIAL CLASSES DYING?  

Microsoft Academic Search

New forms of social stratification are emerging. Much of our thinking about stratification - from Marx, Weber, and others - must be recast to capture these new developments. Social class was the key theme of past stratification work. Yet class is an increasingly outmoded concept. Class stratification implies that people can be differentiated hierarchically on one or more criteria into

Terry Nichols Clark; Seymour Martin Lipset

1991-01-01

171

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings situations. I would like every person to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer

Gallo, Linda C.

172

Social Consciousness and Discipline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The act of disciplining children cannot be based upon merely "putting a stop" to negative actions by means of reactionary techniques of control. If educators begin to consider discipline as a major aspect of the educational aim of socialization of children, significant contributions toward their moral and social development will take place.…

Walsh, Kevin; Cowles, Milly

173

Building Social Media Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporating social media tools into your professional practices does not have to be intimidating as long as you are willing to tackle five action steps. It is far easier to articulate the strengths--and to imagine the possibilities--of social media spaces as tools for communication and professional development when you are actively using those…

Ferriter, William N.; Ramsden, Jason T.; Sheninger, Eric C.

2012-01-01

174

Sizing Up Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most people are aware of the increasing importance of social media to institutional advancement, and many colleges and universities have started investing resources in these media. The next step is to measure the impact of social media on the institution and evaluate the success of one's efforts. Every advancement leader should understand how…

Pearson, Jerold

2010-01-01

175

[Social responsibility of surgeons].  

PubMed

Surgeon is sacred career. To cure patients by surgery is the surgeon's work, while the social responsibility is the surgeon's soul. To strengthen and promote the social responsibility is a demand of our age; thus, every surgeon should adhere to the supremacy of the patients' interests in clinical practice. PMID:22287340

Gu, Jin

2012-01-01

176

Imagining Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how creativity and the arts can assist teachers who teach from a social justice perspective, and how knowledge built through meaningful experiences of difference can make a difference. Just as imagining is central to visual arts practice, so too is the capacity to imagine a necessity for social justice. The authors ask what…

McArdle, Felicity; Knight, Linda; Stratigos, Tina

2013-01-01

177

Social learning of fear  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research across species highlights the critical role of the amygdala in fear conditioning. However, fear conditioning, involving direct aversive experience, is only one means by which fears can be acquired. Exploiting aversive experiences of other individuals through social fear learning is less risky. Behavioral research provides important insights into the workings of social fear learning, and the neural mechanisms are

Elizabeth A Phelps; Andreas Olsson

2007-01-01

178

Social Maladjustment: An Interpretation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The exclusionary term, "social maladjustment," the definition in Public Law 94-142 (the Education for All Handicapped Children Act) of serious emotional disturbance, has been an enigma for special education. This paper attempts to limit the interpretation of social maladjustment in order to counter effects of such decisions as "Honig vs. Doe" in…

Center, David B.

179

Art as Social Concern  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how her eleventh- and twelfth-grade portfolio class used art as a social concern through a sketchbook and a linoleum print. Students thumbed through copies of the "New York Times" to find an article that described a modern-day social concern. Students were assigned to choose an article, summarize it, and come…

Hodge, Stephanie

2010-01-01

180

Social anxiety disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Social anxiety disorder is a persistent and irrational fear of situations that may involve scrutiny or judgment by others, ... People with social anxiety disorder fear and avoid situations in which they may be judged by others. It may begin in adolescence and ...

181

Reinventing Social Work Accreditation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accreditation under the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) has contributed to the professional decline of social work. The lack of scholarship of the Board of Directors of CSWE compromises its decision making. The quality of the professional literature suffers from the weak scholarship of editors and referees. The caliber of deans and…

Stoesz, David; Karger, Howard J.

2009-01-01

182

Addressing Social Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that advertising can help people become more aware of social responsibilities. Describes a successful nationwide newspaper advertising competition for college students in which ads address social issues such as literacy, drugs, teen suicide, and teen pregnancy. Notes how the ads have helped grassroots programs throughout the United…

Schoebel, Susan

1991-01-01

183

Existing Outcomes Social Scientific  

E-print Network

, such as critical thinking and analytical capabilities, essential for moving on to higher levels of inquiry/or organizations, and their interactions; · applying critical thinking skills and analytical capabilitiesSB #4404 Existing Outcomes Social Scientific Upon completion of the Social Scientific Mode

Gering, Jon C.

184

Medical malpractice, social structure, and social control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The origin and handling of doctor-patient conflict can be understood with reference to the sociological aspects of professional health care. This premise is explored by applying Black's theory of social control to the empirical evidence concerning malpractice litigation in the United States. The vertical, organizational, and relational distances between the health care provider and the patient are particularly relevant for

Jeffery Mullis

1995-01-01

185

When is social marketing not social marketing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to discuss the thorny issues of industry-funded social marketing campaigns. Can the tobacco industry be trusted to educate our children about the dangers of smoking? Is a brewer the best source of health promotion? The paper argues for transparency and critical appraisal. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper looks at the issues of tobacco and alcohol in

Gerard Hastings; Kathryn Angus

2011-01-01

186

Reemphasizing the Social in Social Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in developmental social cognition should detail commonalities between self and other as well as the self-other differentiation process. A method which indexed developmental changes in the understanding of both intersubjective rules of interpersonal behavior and subjective individual perspectives was devised to research questions…

Paget, Katherine Frome

187

Social enterprise as a socially rational business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to examine the discourses that influence policy and practice in social enterprises. In institutional circles, arguments are shaped by the desire to protect assets for the community, while entrepreneurial discourses favour a mixture of investment sources, surplus sharing and inclusive systems of governance. A critique is outlined that challenges policy-makers and academics to move beyond

Rory Ridley-Duff

2008-01-01

188

Serotonin and Social Norms  

PubMed Central

How do people sustain resources for the benefit of individuals and communities and avoid the tragedy of the commons, in which shared resources become exhausted? In the present study, we examined the role of serotonin activity and social norms in the management of depletable resources. Healthy adults, alongside social partners, completed a multiplayer resource-dilemma game in which they repeatedly harvested from a partially replenishable monetary resource. Dietary tryptophan depletion, leading to reduced serotonin activity, was associated with aggressive harvesting strategies and disrupted use of the social norms given by distributions of other players’ harvests. Tryptophan-depleted participants more frequently exhausted the resource completely and also accumulated fewer rewards than participants who were not tryptophan depleted. Our findings show that rank-based social comparisons are crucial to the management of depletable resources, and that serotonin mediates responses to social norms. PMID:24815611

Bilderbeck, Amy C.; Brown, Gordon D. A.; Read, Judi; Woolrich, Mark; Cowen, Phillip J.; Behrens, Tim E. J.

2014-01-01

189

Stanford Social Innovation Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Stanford Social Innovation Review is a magazine written "for and by social change leaders in the nonprofit, business, and government sectors who view collaboration as key to solving environmental, social, and economic justice issues." Visitors can look on the website for timely articles on nonprofit management, philanthropy, and global issues. The elegance of the homepage makes it quite easy to navigate and a handy search feature makes it easy to locate items of particular interest. A good deal of the content here is available at no charge and users can scroll on over to the Most Read Articles and Most Read Blog Posts to get an idea of where to start. Additionally, a number of webinars are available at no charge, such as the recent, "Data-Driven Strategy in the Social Sector." Visitors can also explore some podcasts that deal with social entrepreneurship and supply chain management.

190

Social norms and human cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of social norms is one of the big unsolved problems in social cognitive science. Although no other concept is invoked more frequently in the social sciences, we still know little about how social norms are formed, the forces determining their content, and the cognitive and emotional requirements that enable a species to establish and enforce social norms. In

Ernst Fehr; Urs Fischbacher

2004-01-01

191

Models of social network intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social network analysis is a concept leading to a description of the social relations that obtain between people. The personal or egocentric social network is the focus of this analysis. Features of a social network include both structural and interactional variables. The clinical significance of social networks may be supportive or destructive. A typological model is presented as a heuristic

Gary S. Hurd; E. Mansell Pattison; Robert Llamas

1981-01-01

192

Sociale Media en Politie Bacheloropdracht  

E-print Network

1 Sociale Media en Politie Bacheloropdracht Auteur: Raphaela Runge, s1098632 Faculteit of social media in society has the effect that almost every citizen is using it. Social media are both used in the private field, and the work field. Social media makes it possible to place. Social media makes it possible

Vellekoop, Michel

193

Social Work Patient & Family Services  

E-print Network

Social Work and Patient & Family Services 601 Elmwood Avenue RM. 1-1450 P. O. Box 650 Rochester, NY Social Work office lo- cated? The Social Work office is located on the first floor of Strong Memorial Hospital, Rm. 1-1450 How do I get in touch with a social worker? The social work department is open Monday

Goldman, Steven A.

194

USC School of Social Work  

E-print Network

USC School of Social Work T he USC School of Social Work offers programs of study leading to the Master of Social Work (M.S.W.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in social work. These programs provide. The USC School of Social Work uses Virtual Iraq, a program developed by the USC Institute for Creative

Rohs, Remo

195

SOCIAL BEHAVIOR Daniel I. Rubenstein  

E-print Network

SOCIAL BEHAVIOR Daniel I. Rubenstein Princeton University I. Introduction II. From Social Behavior to Social Organization: Pat- terns and Mechanisms of Formation III. From Social Organization to Ecological to female. protogyny Breeding system in which individuals change sex from female to male. SOCIAL BEHAVIOR

Rubenstein, Daniel I.

196

Social Media Ad Metrics Definitions  

E-print Network

Social Media Ad Metrics Definitions Released May 2009 #12;Social Media Metrics Definitions © 2008 & Social Media Committee. About the IAB's User-Generated Content & Social Media Committee: The User-Generated Content & Social Media Committee of the IAB is comprised of over 150 member companies dedicated to helping

Collins, Gary S.

197

Social skill as a determinant of social networks and perceived social support in schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors influencing supportive social networks of people with schizophrenia are little understood. Data from 46 outpatients with schizophrenia were analysed using structural equation modelling to test plausible sets of inter-relationships between social skill, social networks, and social support. The data supported a tentative model about the causal relationships between variables. Paths showed that people with greater social skill had larger

E. M. Macdonald; H. J. Jackson; R. L. Hayes; A. J. Baglioni; C. Madden

1998-01-01

198

Social Butterfly: Social Caches for Distributed Social Networks Lu Han, Badri Nath, Liviu Iftode, S. Muthukrishnan  

E-print Network

Social Butterfly: Social Caches for Distributed Social Networks Lu Han, Badri Nath, Liviu Iftode, S, muthu}@cs.rutgers.edu Abstract--A distributed architecture for implementing online social networks (OSNs) can overcome several disadvantages of the now popular centralized online social networks

Iftode, Liviu

199

Differentiating Social Phobia from Shyness  

PubMed Central

To clarify the relationship between social phobia and shyness, this study examined the characteristics of highly shy persons with social phobia, highly shy persons without social phobia, and non-shy persons. Those with social phobia reported more symptomatology, more functional impairment, and a lower quality of life than those without social phobia. About one-third of the highly shy without social phobia reported no social fears, highlighting heterogeneity of the shy. The social phobia group reported similar levels of anxiety as the shy without social phobia during analogue conversation tasks, but they reported more anxiety during a speech task. The social phobia group performed less effectively across tasks than those without social phobia. All groups’ perceptions of anxiety and effectiveness during behavioral tasks were consistent with ratings of independent observers. None of the groups differed on psychophysiological measures. Results are discussed in the context of theoretical models of social phobia. PMID:19028075

Heiser, Nancy A.; Turner, Samuel M.; Beidel, Deborah C.; Roberson-Nay, Roxann

2009-01-01

200

Analyzing Enterprise Social Media Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Broadening adoption of social media applications within the enterprise offers a new and valuable data source for insight into the social structure of organizations. Social media applications generate networks when employees use features to create \\

Marc Smith; Derek L. Hansen; Eric Gleave

2009-01-01

201

The Social Sciences in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article relates a brief historical background of social sciences in Japan, the institutional framework of social science education and research, and major issues and perspectives for the development of the social scinces. (ND)

Watanuki, Joji

1975-01-01

202

FORTHE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA  

E-print Network

GUIDELINES FORTHE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA January 2010 Revised July 2010 #12;Prepared by: The Voices ................................................................................................................................................................................3 Social Media Guidelines when Posting as an Individual.................................................................................................................................4 Social Media Guidelines When Posting on Behalf of the University of Michigan

Michigan, University of

203

National Association of Social Workers  

MedlinePLUS

... Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming What's New Social Work Jobs Job Seekers | Employers | MSW Clinician/ Case Manager ... Nov 04 2014 Assistant or Associate Professor of Social Work – Tenure Track Company: School of Social Work, Portland ...

204

Social Media Handbook Villanova University  

E-print Network

Social Media Handbook Villanova University Office of University Communication May 29, 2012 #12;Social Media Handbook May 29, 2012 Page 2 of 25 Table of Contents I. Introduction ......................................................................................................... 4 II. Villanova's Social Media Strategy

Jackman, Todd

205

Data Mining in Social Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rise of online social media is providing a wealth of social network data. Data mining techniques provide researchers and practitioners the tools needed to analyze large, complex, and frequently changing social media data. This chapter introduces the basics of data mining, reviews social media, discusses how to mine social media data, and highlights some illustrative examples with an emphasis on social networking sites and blogs.

Barbier, Geoffrey; Liu, Huan

206

Social Capital and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social capital is a compound and complex construct, an umbrella term under which social cohesion, social support, social integration\\u000a and\\/or participation are often lumped together. Beyond its growing appeal to policy makers, practitioners and researchers\\u000a in public health in general and mental health in particular, social capital is now also an integral part of broad-based discussions\\u000a on social-ecological resilience, ecosystem

Astier M. Almedom; Douglas Glandon

207

Architecting social TV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Video consumption patterns continue to change with consumers relying more and more on on-demand Internet video and portable devices rather than traditional TV services. This new form of video service delivery and consumption makes possible more interactive and social experiences for video consumers, commonly referred to as Social TV services. This paper presents an overview of technologies and guidelines for the development of Social TV applications. A prototype using three core technologies, WebRTC, DASH, and WebSocket was developed to understand the challenges and demonstrate the feasibility of such applications.

Figuerola Salas, Óscar; Kalva, Hari

2013-09-01

208

Interactive brains, social minds  

PubMed Central

To reveal the neural and behavioral dynamics of social interaction, single-person studies are increasingly complemented by research designs that simultaneously assess two or more interacting individuals. In this article, we review studies on neural mechanisms and markers of social interactions that use multi-person functional magnetic resonance imaging and electrophysiological recordings. We propose a terminology for investigating social interaction dynamics, show how forward models of action regulation may serve as a framework for investigating interpersonal action coordination and discuss different methodological approaches to studying functional brain connectivity. PMID:22448303

Lindenberger, Ulman

2011-01-01

209

Social class differences produce social group preferences.  

PubMed

Some social groups are higher in socioeconomic status than others and the former tend to be favored over the latter. The present research investigated whether observing group differences in wealth alone can directly cause children to prefer wealthier groups. In Experiment 1, 4-5-year-old children developed a preference for a wealthy novel group over a less wealthy group. In Experiment 2, children did not develop preferences when groups differed by another kind of positive/negative attribute (i.e. living in brightly colored houses vs. drab houses), suggesting that wealth is a particularly meaningful group distinction. Lastly, in Experiment 3, the effect of favoring novel wealthy groups was moderated by group membership: Children assigned to a wealthy group showed ingroup favoritism, but those assigned to a less wealthy group did not. These experiments shed light on why children tend to be biased in favor of social groups that are higher in socioeconomic status. PMID:24702971

Horwitz, Suzanne R; Shutts, Kristin; Olson, Kristina R

2014-11-01

210

Parent Social Engagement: Associations with early adolescents' social skills and social anxiety  

E-print Network

Frequency of parent social engagement (PSE) was examined as a predictor of early adolescents' friendship-specific social skills (FSSS). The author hypothesized a stronger relation between PSE and FSSS would exist for more (compared to less) socially...

McFadden, Megan

2009-12-18

211

Social cohesion matters in health  

PubMed Central

Introduction The concept of social cohesion has invoked debate due to the vagueness of its definition and the limitations of current measurements. This paper attempts to examine the concept of social cohesion, develop measurements, and investigate the relationship between social cohesion and individual health. Methods This study used a multilevel study design. The individual-level samples from 29 high-income countries were obtained from the 2000 World Value Survey (WVS) and the 2002 European Value Survey. National-level social cohesion statistics were obtained from Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development datasets, World Development Indicators, and Asian Development Bank key indicators for the year 2000, and from aggregating responses from the WVS. In total 47,923 individuals were included in this study. The factor analysis was applied to identify dimensions of social cohesion, which were used as entities in the cluster analysis to generate a regime typology of social cohesion. Then, multilevel regression models were applied to assess the influences of social cohesion on an individual’s self-rated health. Results and discussion Factor analysis identified five dimensions of social cohesion: social equality, social inclusion, social development, social capital, and social diversity. Then, the cluster analysis revealed five regimes of social cohesion. A multi-level analysis showed that respondents in countries with higher social inclusion, social capital, and social diversity were more likely to report good health above and beyond individual-level characteristics. Conclusions This study is an innovative effort to incorporate different aspects of social cohesion. This study suggests that social cohesion was associated with individual self-rated after controlling individual characteristics. To achieve further advancement in population health, developed countries should consider policies that would foster a society with a high level of social inclusion, social capital, and social diversity. Future research could focus on identifying possible pathways by which social cohesion influences various health outcomes. PMID:24165541

2013-01-01

212

Limits of social mobilization  

E-print Network

The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations ...

Pentland, Alex Paul

213

Social Media in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gruber, M. R. (2011, 29 September). Social Media in Education. eduhub Webinar, SWITCH, Zürich, Switzerland. Also available at: http:\\/\\/www.eduhub.ch\\/events\\/webinars\\/11sept29-socialmedia\\/index.html

Marion Gruber

2011-01-01

214

Graphing Your Social Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students analyze their social networks using graph theory. They gather data on their own social relationships, either from Facebook interactions or the interactions they have throughout the course of a day, recording it in Microsoft Excel and using Cytoscape (a free, downloadable application) to generate social network graphs that visually illustrate the key persons (nodes) and connections between them (edges). The nodes in the Cytoscape graphs are color-coded and sized according to the importance of the node (in this activity, nodes are people in students' social networks). After the analysis, the graphs are further examined to see what can be learned from the visual representation. Students gain practice with graph theory vocabulary, including node, edge, betweeness centrality and degree on interaction, and learn about a range of engineering applications of graph theory.

IMPART RET Program, College of Information Science & Technology,

215

Social Language Use (Pragmatics)  

MedlinePLUS

... in language use It is not unusual for children to have pragmatic problems in only a few situations. However, if problems in social language use occur often and seem inappropriate considering the child's age, a pragmatic disorder may exist. Pragmatic ...

216

The Social Climbing Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of societies depends, to some extent, on the incentives of the individuals they are composed of. We study a stylized model of this interplay, that suggests that the more individuals aim at climbing the social hierarchy, the more society's hierarchy gets strong. Such a dependence is sharp, in the sense that a persistent hierarchical order emerges abruptly when the preference for social status gets larger than a threshold. This phase transition has its origin in the fact that the presence of a well defined hierarchy allows agents to climb it, thus reinforcing it, whereas in a "disordered" society it is harder for agents to find out whom they should connect to in order to become more central. Interestingly, a social order emerges when agents strive harder to climb society and it results in a state of reduced social mobility, as a consequence of ergodicity breaking, where climbing is more difficult.

Bardoscia, Marco; De Luca, Giancarlo; Livan, Giacomo; Marsili, Matteo; Tessone, Claudio J.

2013-05-01

217

Socially guided machine learning  

E-print Network

Social interaction will be key to enabling robots and machines in general to learn new tasks from ordinary people (not experts in robotics or machine learning). Everyday people who need to teach their machines new things ...

Thomaz, Andrea Lockerd

2006-01-01

218

Search using social networks  

E-print Network

In this thesis, we present an approach to the problem of personalized web search which makes use of the searcher's social network, in addition to the hyper-link based score used in most search engines. This combination of ...

Ammar, Ammar (Ammar T.)

2010-01-01

219

Cycles in Social Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young and Ziman, writing about Cycles in Social Behaviour1, suggest that ``cycles of personal behaviour ... are partly governed by endogenous biological mechanisms which need to be sustained by food and sleep at more or less regular intervals''.

H. W. Simpson

1971-01-01

220

Social Studies in Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of social studies in transmitting the cultural heritage of Brazil. Includes descriptions of Brazilian culture and the educational structure. Journal availability: see SO 506 831. (AV)

Searles, John E.

1979-01-01

221

Social Network Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social networks have long been central to some of the most influential theories in criminology. For researchers interested\\u000a in exploring social networks (or personal networks) and their relationship to crime, network analysis provides the leverage\\u000a to answer questions in a more refined way than do nonrelational analyses. Network approaches are gaining popularity in criminology,\\u000a but the formal use of network

Jean Marie McGloin; David S. Kirk

222

Socially Situated Affective Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a For a socially situated agent, the world is populated by other agents with which it interacts in the true sense of the word,\\u000a in that the action–reaction sequence typical of the physical world is replaced by mutual acting-with and acting-upon the other.\\u000a This chapter first introduces the sociological bottom line of emotion as the glue and regulatory system of social

Sabine Payr; Peter Wallis

223

Social Research Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Research Update is a quarterly publication of the Department of Sociology at the University of Surrey, UK. Its purpose is to help social researchers keep up to date with developments in their field. Each issue covers developments in one specific topic. Past Updates have covered such issues as focus groups, correspondence analysis, visual research methods, archiving qualitative research data, and analyzing qualitative data by computer, among others. Each issue is accompanied by a bibliography for further research.

1993-01-01

224

Social pharmacology: expanding horizons.  

PubMed

In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of "social pharmacology" is not covered by the so-called "Phase IV" alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the "life cycle" of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences. PMID:24987168

Maiti, Rituparna; Alloza, José Luis

2014-01-01

225

Social problems in oncology  

PubMed Central

A study was undertaken to describe, evaluate and categorise the social problems experienced by cancer patients. Ninety-six adult cancer patients at all stages of disease participated in either a telephone focus group discussion, a face to face focus group or an individual interview which were tape recorded and transcribed. Six experts analysed the transcripts. A total of 32 social problems were identified categorized under eight headings plus four single items. The categories were: problems with (1) managing in the home, (2) health and welfare services, (3) finances, (4) employment, (5) legal matters, (6) relationships, (7) sexuality and body image and (8) recreation. Problems with relationships and communication were the most frequently reported with financial, employment, body image and domestic problems also being widely endorsed. Female groups, younger patient groups and groups where the aim of treatment was palliative reported more social problems than other groups. Social problems are common and important to cancer patients. The social problems identified in this study will contribute to an item pool generated for developing a Social Problems Inventory that may be included in patient centred assessment as part of routine oncology practice. British Journal of Cancer (2002) 87, 1099–1104. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6600642 www.bjcancer.com © 2002 Cancer Research UK PMID:12402148

Wright, E P; Kiely, M A; Lynch, P; Cull, A; Selby, P J

2002-01-01

226

Social jetlag and obesity.  

PubMed

Obesity has reached crisis proportions in industrialized societies. Many factors converge to yield increased body mass index (BMI). Among these is sleep duration. The circadian clock controls sleep timing through the process of entrainment. Chronotype describes individual differences in sleep timing, and it is determined by genetic background, age, sex, and environment (e.g., light exposure). Social jetlag quantifies the discrepancy that often arises between circadian and social clocks, which results in chronic sleep loss. The circadian clock also regulates energy homeostasis, and its disruption-as with social jetlag-may contribute to weight-related pathologies. Here, we report the results from a large-scale epidemiological study, showing that, beyond sleep duration, social jetlag is associated with increased BMI. Our results demonstrate that living "against the clock" may be a factor contributing to the epidemic of obesity. This is of key importance in pending discussions on the implementation of Daylight Saving Time and on work or school times, which all contribute to the amount of social jetlag accrued by an individual. Our data suggest that improving the correspondence between biological and social clocks will contribute to the management of obesity. PMID:22578422

Roenneberg, Till; Allebrandt, Karla V; Merrow, Martha; Vetter, Céline

2012-05-22

227

Adolescent Social Perspective Taking in Contexts of Social Justice: Examining Perceptions of Social Group Differences.  

E-print Network

??The present mixed-methods study examined adolescents’ social perspective taking in contexts of social justice as demonstrated by their awareness and interpretations of hypothetical peer interactions… (more)

Rubenstein, Richard

2012-01-01

228

The Economics of Signing Petitions Social Pressure versus Social Engagement  

E-print Network

The Economics of Signing Petitions Social Pressure versus Social Engagement By Diane Alexander UC they genuinely care about the subject matter, or just feel pressured by the solicitor? I tested this question the petition. These results indicate the presence of both social pressure and social engagement as motivating

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

229

Electronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy  

E-print Network

Electronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy The Fogelman impact. Beware of comments that could reflect poorly on you and the College. Social media sites/or bullying apply to content posted online. Violating any University policy while using social media could

Dasgupta, Dipankar

230

Cultural differences in perceived social norms and social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural considerations in social anxiety are a rarely investigated topic although it seems likely that differences between countries in social norms may relate to the extent of social anxiety. The present study investigated individuals’ personal and perceived cultural norms and their relation to social anxiety and fear of blushing. A total of 909 participants from eight countries completed vignettes describing

Nina Heinrichs; Ronald M. Rapee; Lynn A. Alden; Susan Bögels; Stefan G. Hofmann; Kyung Ja Oh; Yuji Sakano

2006-01-01

231

Bonding and Bridging Social Capital Development by Social Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing service users’ bonding and bridging social capital is an increasingly recognized role of social workers. A survey of 570 Chinese service users, sampled from 41 social service units in Hong Kong, provided data for the study. Results demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity in a confirmatory factor model about the measurement of bonding and bridging social capital development, mutuality, and

Chau-kiu Cheung; Ping Kwong Kam

2010-01-01

232

The Social Robot Architecture: A Framework for Explicit Social Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the Social Robot Architecture, a framework for explicit human-robot and robot-robot social interaction. The core mechanisms for realizing a robust robot control architecture involving a synthesis of reactive, deliberative, and social reasoning mechanisms are presented and discussed. In addition, the Virtual Robotic Workbench is briefly described which demonstrates the coherent integration of both physical and virtual social

Brian R. Duffy; Mauro Dragone; M. P. O'Hare

233

Social Work and Social Presence in an Online World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human presence is a fundamental consideration of social work practices. The argument in this article is not to undermine such notions but to elaborate on them based on research into social presence, a type of presence projected when a person is associating with others. Communication and information technologies support applications that develop social presence and enable sociality. Such forms of

Walter LaMendola

2010-01-01

234

Massive Social Network Analysis: Mining Twitter for Social Good  

E-print Network

Massive Social Network Analysis: Mining Twitter for Social Good David Ediger Karl Jiang Jason Riedy tools from graph theory, social network analysis, and scale-free networks [29]. However, the volume of thousands of interactions. These graphs are huge with respect to traditional social network analysis tools

Bader, David A.

235

Social cognition, social skill, and the broad autism phenotype.  

PubMed

Social-cognitive deficits differentiate parents with the "broad autism phenotype" from non-broad autism phenotype parents more robustly than other neuropsychological features of autism, suggesting that this domain may be particularly informative for identifying genetic and brain processes associated with the phenotype. The current study examined whether the social-cognitive deficits associated with the broad autism phenotype extend to the general population and relate to reduced social skill. A total of 74 undergraduates completed the Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire, three standardized social-cognitive tasks, and a live social interaction with an unfamiliar research assistant. Social broad autism phenotype traits were significantly associated with deficits in social cognition and reduced social skill. In addition, the relationship between social broad autism phenotype traits and social skill was partially mediated by social cognition, suggesting that the reduced interpersonal ability associated with the broad autism phenotype occurs in part because of poorer social-cognitive ability. Together, these findings indicate that the impairments in social cognition and social skill that characterize autism spectrum disorder extend in milder forms to the broad autism phenotype in the general population and suggest a framework for understanding how social broad autism phenotype traits may manifest in diminished social ability. PMID:22987889

Sasson, Noah J; Nowlin, Rachel B; Pinkham, Amy E

2013-11-01

236

Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media  

E-print Network

Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media Hila Becker , Bai Xiao Columbia documents (e.g., photos, videos) in social media sites. To un- derstand the potential benefits of using in a large-scale Flickr data set. Our pre- liminary experiments, building on baselines that use social media

Yang, Junfeng

237

Toward Integrating Catholic Social Teaching into Graduate Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work programs are one mechanism within Catholic institutions of higher education for advancing the social mission of the Church. The social work profession seeks the achievement of a just society that promotes the dignity of the human person in the context of community and social relationships. This article describes beginning efforts to…

Donaldson, Linda Plitt

2008-01-01

238

Social Contract and Social Integration in Adolescent Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-nine subjects from two high schools were tested during the spring of their sophomore and senior years, when their mean ages were 16 years, 1 month, and 18 years, 1 month, respectively. Composites measured social contract with: (a) independence, (b) implicit social contract, societal norms and expectations, and (c) explicit social contracts, rules. Composites and single items measured social integration

W. Scott Hilles; Lynn R. Kahle

1985-01-01

239

Acculturation, Social Identity, and Social Cognition: A New Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors argue in this article that new approaches are needed in the study of psychological acculturation. They posit that a new model of psychological acculturation should incorporate contemporary work in social and cognitive psychology. The model they present builds on previous research in the areas of social cognition, cultural competence, social identity, and social stigma. Each of these perspectives

Amado M. Padilla; William Perez

2003-01-01

240

Minimizing User Vulnerability and Retaining Social Utility in Social Media  

E-print Network

, Privacy 1. INTRODUCTION Social media has gained popularity in recent years, becom- ing an integral partMinimizing User Vulnerability and Retaining Social Utility in Social Media Pritam Gundecha Computer and security are major concerns for many users of social media. When users share information (e.g., data

Liu, Huan

241

Social Capital and the Human Psyche: Why Is Social Life \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we propose a revised definition of social capital, premised on the principles of evolutionary psychology. We define social capital as any feature of a social relationship that, directly or indirectly, confers reproductive benefits to a participant in that relationship. This definition grounds the construct of social capital in human nature by providing a basis for inferring the

Joanne Savage; Satoshi Kanazawa

2004-01-01

242

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Disability Studies can or family practice. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

243

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-5562. The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program, in order of priority, are as follows: 1. To prepare undergraduate social work students for competent entry

McConnell, Terry

244

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students for continuing professional education and/or graduate education. The social work program is based on the concept

Raina, Ramesh

245

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Diaspora Studies can lead, children's services, residential centres and family services. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Social Work

246

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,  

E-print Network

Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America. We

247

Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work  

E-print Network

Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work San José State University MSW Student Handbook #12;2 Master of Social Work Student Handbook Last Updated: August 16, 2011 Disclaimer: This MSW ­ Room 215 408-924-5800 (office number) 408-924-5892 (fax number) Mailing Address: Master of Social Work

Su, Xiao

248

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims Brown Thoreck, Baccalaureate Program Director, 315-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students

Raina, Ramesh

249

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work  

E-print Network

School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Child Welfare Specialization Purpose The Child on the student's graduating transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part. The Northern Social Work Student Association with support from the Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology

Northern British Columbia, University of

250

Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet  

E-print Network

Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet Accredited by CSWE June 2013 In 2010, the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) began to offer the Master of Social Work (MSW) degree. The MSW prepares. The Program's Concentration is "Social Work in the Border Region." Students are trained to address the many

Ward, Karen

251

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work  

E-print Network

School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program generalist professional practice by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2

Mather, Patrick T.

252

Social Work Is Social Work right for me?  

E-print Network

Social Work Is Social Work right for me? If you are interested in assisting and supporting vulnerable people and helping them and their families then social work could be the subject for you. You with the Care Council for Wales. The skills you can gain from a degree in Social Work are wide ranging

Harman, Neal.A.

253

+soCial Media +soCial Media  

E-print Network

Congress +soCial Media #12;Congress +soCial Media october 22, 2012 sherri r. greenberg lyndon B Affairs, 2012 Courtney Weaver Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, 2013 School of Social Work, 2013 Analysis9 Congressional Use of Social Media9 The Geography of Congressional Usage10 Usage Variation Across

Texas at Austin, University of

254

Can social interaction constitute social Hanne De Jaegher1  

E-print Network

Can social interaction constitute social cognition? Hanne De Jaegher1 , Ezequiel Di Paolo2AB, UK An important shift is taking place in social cognition research, away from a focus on the individual mind and toward embodied and participatory aspects of social understanding. Empirical results

255

The Social Brain: Neural Basis of Social Knowledge  

E-print Network

The Social Brain: Neural Basis of Social Knowledge Ralph Adolphs California Institute of Technology 2009 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved 0066-4308/09/0110-0693$20.00 Key Words social cognition, social neuroscience, theory of mind, simulation, empathy, amygdala, prefrontal cortex, modularity

Dickerson, Brad

256

Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive-Social Simulation  

E-print Network

Social Institution, Cognition, and Survival: A Cognitive-Social Simulation Ron Sun Department of the work in social simulation still assumes rudimentary cognition on the part of the agents. In contrast, in this work, the interaction of cognition and social structures/processes is ex- plored, through simulating

Varela, Carlos

257

Mining Social Media with Social Theories: A Survey Jiliang Tang  

E-print Network

Mining Social Media with Social Theories: A Survey Jiliang Tang Computer Science & Eng Arizona.Liu@asu.edu ABSTRACT The increasing popularity of social media encourages more and more users to participate in various online activities and produces data in an unprecedented rate. Social me- dia data is big, linked, noisy

Liu, Huan

258

Online Social Network Sites and the Concept of Social Capital  

E-print Network

Online Social Network Sites and the Concept of Social Capital Charles Steinfield, Nicole of online social network sites has grown dramatically, now rivaling search engines as the most visited boasts more than 400 million active users around the world (Facebook Press Room, 2010), online social

Steinfield, Charles

259

SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social skills. Here, a developmental biopsychosocial model (SOCIAL) is offered that incorporates the

Miriam H. Beauchamp; Vicki Anderson

2010-01-01

260

The Social Psychology of Hatred  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hatred has not typically been a topic of research in the field of social psychology, although several components which embody hatred have been studied extensively in this field. Social psychologists have tradition- ally considered prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination and intergroup aggression to be highly important and socially relevant topics for research, and thousands of studies by social psychologists have examined these

Evan R. Harrington

261

A Primer on Social Neuroscience  

Microsoft Academic Search

{Excerpt} Human history is not only social history but also neurobiological history. Throughout most of the 20th century, social and biological explanations were widely viewed as incompatible. However, from the 1990s, the emergence of social neuroscience vindicates Aristotle’s pioneering deductions. The young science accepts that the brain is a single, pivotal component of an undeniably social species and that it

Olivier Serrat

2010-01-01

262

Social capital and team performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article attempts to contribute to the body of knowledge regarding the value of social networks, or social capital, within the group process towards group and team performance by exploring the explicit contribution of social capital towards a group or team's performance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research views the potential contribution of social capital through the perspective of the

Aaron W. Clopton

2011-01-01

263

Public Libraries and Social Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The paper argues that there is an intrinsic link between social exclusion and social class, that social exclusion is endemic to capitalism, and that the class system pervades every aspect of society, including library usage. After reviewing different models of social stratification, the paper identifies three main classes, the capitalist class, the middle class and the working class. The

John Pateman

264

Child and Nonviolent Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the nature of the child and the impact of socialization experiences on his capacity to act nonviolently in a changing social order. Presents a socialization model that draws on different disciplinary frameworks and research areas (animal and human ethnology, social learning theories, altruism studies, and reviews of protest movements).…

Boulding, Elise

1974-01-01

265

[Social media, children and pediatricians].  

PubMed

Using social media web sites is a common activity for children, and any site that allows social interaction (social network, games, virtual worlds...) is a social media site. Pediatricians are in a position to help families understand the benefits and the risks of these sites, and to diagnose problems in children and adolescents as cyberbullying, depression, and post traumatic disorder. PMID:22119289

Le Heuzey, M-F

2012-01-01

266

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY  

E-print Network

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY LIVING LONGER ON LESS IN MASSACHUSETTS: THE NEW ECONOMIC (IN)SECURITY OF SENIORS Tatjana Meschede Laura Sullivan Thomas Shapiro #12;About the Institute on Assets and Social Policy The Institute on Assets and Social Policy (IASP), a research institute at the Heller School for Social Policy

Snider, Barry B.

267

January Social Media University Communications  

E-print Network

January Social Media #12;2 University Communications Presidents on social media #12;3 Ted Hattemer #12;8 Ted Hattemer @tedhattemer #12;9 INSIDE THE POLAR VORTEX* #12;10 * Using social media: · Coordinated (Buckeye Alert, osu.edu, social media have one message) · Timed to coincide with traditional media

268

Social influence, negotiation and cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand how interpersonal agreements can be generated within complexly differen- tiated social systems, we developan agent-based computational model of negotiation in which social influence plays a key role in the attainment of social and cognitive integration. The model reflects a view of social influence that is predicated on the interactions among such factors as the agents cognition, their abilities

Pietro Panzarasa; Nicholas R. Jennings

2002-01-01

269

Karen D. Lincoln Social Work  

E-print Network

Karen D. Lincoln Social Work 10 CURRICULUM VITAE Karen D. Lincoln, M.S.W., M.A., Ph.D. University of Southern California School of Social Work Fall, 2012 University of Southern California School of Social, Department of Sociology 1996 M.S.W. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, School of Social Work 1998 M

McLeod, Dennis

270

SOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin  

E-print Network

SOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin www.ucd.ie/acshs Social Work path Environmental Policy path Development Studies path Human & Organisational path Rights, Justice & Society path Crime & Social Order path Social Media path DN550 #12;*Psychology is not available as a Joint Major subject in Stage 2

271

Community efficacy and social capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that the quantity and quality of a community's social capital has a large impact on that community's capacity to manage change. Despite many attempts, social capital remains notoriously difficult to measure. There is general consensus that social capital is the 'property' of a community or collective, yet in measurement frameworks social capital is normally aggregated up

Sue Kilpatrick; Joan Abbott-Chapman

272

Linguistic Diversity and Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction provides the framework for the special issue by describing the social inclusion agenda of neoliberal market democracies. While the social inclusion agenda has been widely adopted, social inclusion policies are often blind to the ways in which language proficiency and language ideologies mediate social inclusion in linguistically…

Piller, Ingrid; Takahashi, Kimie

2011-01-01

273

Animal models of social avoidance and social fear.  

PubMed

Social fear and avoidance of social situations represent the main behavioral symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD), a highly prevalent anxiety disorder that is poorly elucidated and has rather unsatisfactory therapeutic options. Therefore, animal models are needed to study the underlying etiology and pathophysiology of SAD and to verify the efficacy of possible novel treatment approaches. In this review, we describe and discuss the most important paradigms that have been shown to induce social avoidance and fear in rodents, including foot shock exposure, restraint stress, social isolation, social instability, social defeat, conditioned defeat, social defeat/overcrowding, chronic subordinate colony housing, chronic mild stress, maternal separation and social fear conditioning. We also describe some of the behavioral paradigms used to assess social avoidance and fear in rodents, including the social interaction test, the social preference-avoidance test, the social approach-avoidance test, the three-chambered social approach test, the partition test and the modified Y-maze test. We focus on the behavioral alterations these paradigms induce, especially on social interaction, general anxiety and depressive-like behavior given that SAD is strongly comorbid with anxiety and affective disorders. PMID:23760888

Toth, Iulia; Neumann, Inga D

2013-10-01

274

Assessing Social Ability in Online Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is a social practice and the ability to interact socially is important to social cognitive learning and social learning. Online education is frequently criticized because it lacks social interaction, a sense of social engagement, and the benefits of learning with others. Social ability with computer-mediated social mechanisms is key to…

Laffey, James; Lin, Guan Yu; Lin, Yimei

2006-01-01

275

On Social e-Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social Web sites include social networking sites and social media sites. They make it possible for people to share user-created contents online and to interact and stay connected with their online people networks. The social features of social Web sites, appropriately adapted, can help turn e-learning into social e-learning and make e-learning significantly more effective. In this paper, we develop requirements for social e-learning systems. They include incorporating the many of the social features of social Web sites, accounting for all key stakeholders and learning subjects, and curbing various types of misuses by people. We also examine the capabilities of representative social e-learning Web sites that are available today.

Kim, Won; Jeong, Ok-Ran

276

Justice within social dilemmas.  

PubMed

The defining feature of social dilemma situations is the inherent conflict faced by those involved: should one act in his or her own individual best interest or sacrifice a measure of one's personal payoff to help maximize the joint payoff of the group as a whole? In such dilemmas, those making individualistic and defecting choices are always at a competitive advantage relative to those who choose to cooperate. One seemingly inevitable consequence of the resulting resource allocation asymmetry is that it must challenge and threaten the cooperator's sense of fairness and justice, and it is the reaction of those caught in social dilemmas to this injustice and unfairness that is the focus of this article. We examine how justice processes-distributive justice, procedural justice, restorative justice, and retributive justice-operate in social dilemmas. Within this examination, we consider ideas from classic and contemporary conceptual analyses of justice to provide a broader context within which to understand social dilemmas and the roles that justice plays as people strive to ensure fair outcomes for themselves and for others. We conclude with the proposal of a 4-stage, sequential model of justice in social dilemmas that posits groups move between the types of justice concerns when unfair and unsatisfactory outcomes (e.g., inequitable resource allocations, violations of agreed-on allocation rules, intentional and egregious exploitation of the group) cause members to "recognize the necessity" for change to ensure fair and just outcomes for all. PMID:14633473

Schroeder, David A; Steel, Julie E; Woodell, Andria J; Bembenek, Alicia F

2003-01-01

277

Making Social Studies Social: Engaging Students through Different Forms of Social Perspective Taking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People are intrinsically motivated to connect to others socially. One of the most important mechanisms in fostering social relationships is social perspective taking (SPT)--the capacity to discern the thoughts and feelings of others. Thus, students in social studies classrooms might be motivated to engage with their subject either through taking…

Gehlbach, Hunter

2011-01-01

278

Making Social Studies Social: Engaging Students Through Different Forms of Social Perspective Taking  

Microsoft Academic Search

People are intrinsically motivated to connect to others socially. One of the most important mechanisms in fostering social relationships is social perspective taking (SPT)—the capacity to discern the thoughts and feelings of others. Thus, students in social studies classrooms might be motivated to engage with their subject either through taking the perspectives of their peers in class (interpersonal SPT) or

Hunter Gehlbach

2011-01-01

279

Quantum Social Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

2013-01-01

280

Live Social Semantics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social interactions are one of the key factors to the success of conferences and similar community gatherings. This paper describes a novel application that integrates data from the semantic web, online social networks, and a real-world contact sensing platform. This application was successfully deployed at ESWC09, and actively used by 139 people. Personal profiles of the participants were automatically generated using several Web 2.0 systems and semantic academic data sources, and integrated in real-time with face-to-face contact networks derived from wearable sensors. Integration of all these heterogeneous data layers made it possible to offer various services to conference attendees to enhance their social experience such as visualisation of contact data, and a site to explore and connect with other participants. This paper describes the architecture of the application, the services we provided, and the results we achieved in this deployment.

Alani, Harith; Szomszor, Martin; Cattuto, Ciro; van den Broeck, Wouter; Correndo, Gianluca; Barrat, Alain

281

The Social Network Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online social networking is an important part in the everyday life of college students. Despite the increasing popularity of online social networking among students and faculty members, its educational benefits are largely untested. This paper presents our experience in using social networking applications and video content distribution websites as a complement of traditional classroom education. In particular, the solution has been based on effective adaptation, extension and integration of Facebook, Twitter, Blogger YouTube and iTunes services for delivering educational material to students on mobile platforms like iPods and 3 rd generation mobile phones. The goals of the proposed educational platform, described in this paper, are to make the learning experience more engaging, to encourage collaborative work and knowledge sharing among students, and to provide an interactive platform for the educators to reach students and deliver lecture material in a totally new way.

Bunus, Peter

282

How social cognition can inform social decision making.  

PubMed

Social decision-making is often complex, requiring the decision-maker to make inferences of others' mental states in addition to engaging traditional decision-making processes like valuation and reward processing. A growing body of research in neuroeconomics has examined decision-making involving social and non-social stimuli to explore activity in brain regions such as the striatum and prefrontal cortex, largely ignoring the power of the social context. Perhaps more complex processes may influence decision-making in social vs. non-social contexts. Years of social psychology and social neuroscience research have documented a multitude of processes (e.g., mental state inferences, impression formation, spontaneous trait inferences) that occur upon viewing another person. These processes rely on a network of brain regions including medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), superior temporal sulcus (STS), temporal parietal junction, and precuneus among others. Undoubtedly, these social cognition processes affect social decision-making since mental state inferences occur spontaneously and automatically. Few studies have looked at how these social inference processes affect decision-making in a social context despite the capability of these inferences to serve as predictions that can guide future decision-making. Here we review and integrate the person perception and decision-making literatures to understand how social cognition can inform the study of social decision-making in a way that is consistent with both literatures. We identify gaps in both literatures-while behavioral economics largely ignores social processes that spontaneously occur upon viewing another person, social psychology has largely failed to talk about the implications of social cognition processes in an economic decision-making context-and examine the benefits of integrating social psychological theory with behavioral economic theory. PMID:24399928

Lee, Victoria K; Harris, Lasana T

2013-01-01

283

How social cognition can inform social decision making  

PubMed Central

Social decision-making is often complex, requiring the decision-maker to make inferences of others' mental states in addition to engaging traditional decision-making processes like valuation and reward processing. A growing body of research in neuroeconomics has examined decision-making involving social and non-social stimuli to explore activity in brain regions such as the striatum and prefrontal cortex, largely ignoring the power of the social context. Perhaps more complex processes may influence decision-making in social vs. non-social contexts. Years of social psychology and social neuroscience research have documented a multitude of processes (e.g., mental state inferences, impression formation, spontaneous trait inferences) that occur upon viewing another person. These processes rely on a network of brain regions including medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), superior temporal sulcus (STS), temporal parietal junction, and precuneus among others. Undoubtedly, these social cognition processes affect social decision-making since mental state inferences occur spontaneously and automatically. Few studies have looked at how these social inference processes affect decision-making in a social context despite the capability of these inferences to serve as predictions that can guide future decision-making. Here we review and integrate the person perception and decision-making literatures to understand how social cognition can inform the study of social decision-making in a way that is consistent with both literatures. We identify gaps in both literatures—while behavioral economics largely ignores social processes that spontaneously occur upon viewing another person, social psychology has largely failed to talk about the implications of social cognition processes in an economic decision-making context—and examine the benefits of integrating social psychological theory with behavioral economic theory. PMID:24399928

Lee, Victoria K.; Harris, Lasana T.

2013-01-01

284

Social Studies School Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beginning this month, socialstudies.com offers an Online Course for New History/ Social Studies Teachers designed to provide new teachers with icebreakers, lesson plans, background pedagogy, and activities for the classroom. Currently, IceBreakers, Introduction to Social Studies, and Lesson Planning (including over a dozen sample lessons) are online with Creative Lessons, Idea Books and Activities, and Assessment to follow. Lesson Planning also gives lists of supplementary print resources from socialstudies.com, which may be purchased online, and links to useful educational Websites.

285

Ethics and social media.  

PubMed

Nurses' use of social media has increased significantly with growing numbers of media-sharing opportunities, platforms, and emerging forms of electronic applications. With the proliferation, opportunities and limitations surface regarding the responsibilities and accountability that nurses have in choosing technology applications with an embedded philosophical ethos that is consistent with the discipline's societal mandate of serving humankind in ways that honor human dignity. This article begins a discussion addressing possible disciplinary obligations and responsibilities for the implementation of social media platforms and possible implications for its future use in the discipline of nursing. PMID:25248768

Milton, Constance L

2014-10-01

286

Social Identity and Preferences*  

PubMed Central

Social identities prescribe behaviors for people. We identify the marginal behavioral effect of these norms on discount rates and risk aversion by measuring how laboratory subjects’ choices change when an aspect of social identity is made salient. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make racial identity salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more patient choices. Making gender identity salient has no effect on intertemporal or risk choices. PMID:20871741

Benjamin, Daniel J.; Choi, James J.; Strickland, A. Joshua

2009-01-01

287

Science Nation: Social Insects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yellow jackets are wasps, and though they seem eager to inflict pain, they do have some important redeeming qualities. They kill harmful garden pests and are among the most social insects on the planet, along with their stinging cousins, the ants and the social bees. In all three species, the queen lays all the eggs and the workers service the queen and help her raise the young. Georgia Institute of Technology biology professor Michael Goodisman is using National Science Foundation (NSF) support to try and understand these complex relationships and how they impact these intricate communities.

288

Teaching Social Studies Methods  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Social Studies to K-8 students is an engaging and creative process. Children learn best when they are interested and engaged in local and personal history. Connecting historical events to children\\'s lives is a powerful way to develop historical and cultural awareness. In this exercise you will be able to find some national and local resources to help you design and implement Social Studies in your K-8 classrooms. So let\\'s get started! First let\\'s see what kinds of resources are available on the web and other virtual places that are engaging and interesting ...

Kalvaitis, Darius

2006-02-17

289

Social networking and adolescents.  

PubMed

Online social networking is a 21st century innovation increasingly embraced by today's young people. It provides new opportunities for communication that expand an adolescent's world. Yet adults, often suspicious of new trends and technologies initially embraced by youth, often see these new environments as perilous places to visit. These fears have been accentuated by media hype, especially about sexual predators. How dangerous are they? Because the rush to go on these sites is a new phenomenon, research is as yet scant. This review explores current beliefs and knowledge about the dangers of social networking sites. PMID:19492691

Fuld, Gilbert L

2009-04-01

290

Social Synergetics, Social Physics and Research of Fundamental Laws in Social Complex Systems  

E-print Network

We proposed social synergetics and the four basic theorems, in which theorem of perfect correlation on humanity is researched mathematically. Generally, we discuss the four variables and the eight aspects in social physics. We search social thermodynamics and the five fundamental laws of social complex systems. Then we research different relations among social elements and applications of the nonlinear sociology, for example, for the economic systems. Finally, we discuss the evolutional equation of system and the educational equation.

Yi-Fang Chang

2009-11-06

291

Cultural transmission of social essentialism  

PubMed Central

Social essentialism entails the belief that certain social categories (e.g., gender, race) mark fundamentally distinct kinds of people. Essentialist beliefs have pernicious consequences, supporting social stereotyping and contributing to prejudice. How does social essentialism develop? In the studies reported here, we tested the hypothesis that generic language facilitates the cultural transmission of social essentialism. Two studies found that hearing generic language about a novel social category diverse for race, ethnicity, age, and sex led 4-y-olds and adults to develop essentialist beliefs about that social category. A third study documented that experimentally inducing parents to hold essentialist beliefs about a novel social category led them to produce more generic language when discussing the category with their children. Thus, generic language facilitates the transmission of essentialist beliefs about social categories from parents to children. PMID:22869722

Rhodes, Marjorie; Leslie, Sarah-Jane; Tworek, Christina M.

2012-01-01

292

Cultural transmission of social essentialism.  

PubMed

Social essentialism entails the belief that certain social categories (e.g., gender, race) mark fundamentally distinct kinds of people. Essentialist beliefs have pernicious consequences, supporting social stereotyping and contributing to prejudice. How does social essentialism develop? In the studies reported here, we tested the hypothesis that generic language facilitates the cultural transmission of social essentialism. Two studies found that hearing generic language about a novel social category diverse for race, ethnicity, age, and sex led 4-y-olds and adults to develop essentialist beliefs about that social category. A third study documented that experimentally inducing parents to hold essentialist beliefs about a novel social category led them to produce more generic language when discussing the category with their children. Thus, generic language facilitates the transmission of essentialist beliefs about social categories from parents to children. PMID:22869722

Rhodes, Marjorie; Leslie, Sarah-Jane; Tworek, Christina M

2012-08-21

293

An Introduction to Social Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Paul Spicker, a professor of politics specializing in social policy, this Website presents a detailed, yet schematic view of the main themes, concepts, and controversies surrounding issues of the welfare state and social services. The site offers sections on social policy, welfare and society, social need, the welfare state, social services, the politics of welfare, British social policy, social services in the UK, and social policy on the Web (a collection of annotated links). Using a hypertext, bulleted format, the author manages to convey significant amounts of information about complex ideas in a relatively brief span without oversimplifying. An excellent resource for economics and sociology students working on social policy topics.

Spicker, Paul.

2007-03-16

294

Social Programs That Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, social programs for the poor have lost the support of the American public. This book describes some of the very best programs and documents their benefits, demonstrating that we can, in fact, make substantial progress in the fight against educational failure, family dissolution, violent crime, substance abuse, unemployment, and…

Crane, Jonathan, Ed.

295

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF CONSUMPTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued here that a post-Marxist constructionist sociology of consumption is desirable for three reasons. Firstly, the liberal theory of `economy and society' designates consumption as falling on the `society' side, with material processes belonging to `the economy'. Problematic consequences of this separation are illustrated with reference to difficulties in the social scientific measurement of poverty. Secondly, the Marxist

David Cheal

1990-01-01

296

Navigating Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors note that when it comes to balancing free speech and schools' responsibilities, the online world is largely uncharted waters. Questions remain about the rights of both students and teachers in the world of social media. Although the lower courts have ruled that students' freedom of speech rights offer them some protection for…

Hamblin, DeAnna; Bartlett, Marilyn J.

2013-01-01

297

Distributed social systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of large-scale networks has emerged over the past several years as a theme that spans many disciplines, ranging from computing and information science to the social and biological sciences. Indeed, a shared interest in network structure is arguably one of the forces that is helping draw many of these disciplines closer together. As one aspect of this broader

Jon M. Kleinberg

2006-01-01

298

Whither Social Theory?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

2014-01-01

299

Bellwether Social Studies Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and reviews commercially-available computer software for social studies (SS). They are: "Jury Trial II" (utilizes artificial intelligence); "Africa" (utilizes creative graphics to teaching SS facts; "Revolutions: Past, Present and Future"; "The Other Side" (examines world peace using values clarification); and "SIMPOLICON: A Simulation…

Daetz, Denney

1985-01-01

300

Health and Social Justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Societies make decisions and take actions that profoundly impact the distribution of health. Why and how should collective choices be made, and policies implemented, to address health inequalities under conditions of resource scarcity? How should societies conceptualize and measure health disparities, and determine whether they've been adequately addressed? Who is responsible for various aspects of this important social problem? In

Jennifer Prah Ruger

301

Social Norms as Choreography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article shows that social norms are better explained as correlating devices for a correlated equilibrium of the underlying stage game, rather than Nash equilibria. Whereas the epistemological requirements for rational agents playing Nash equilibria are very stringent and usually implausible, the requirements for a correlated equilibrium amount to the existence of common priors, which we interpret as induced by

Herbert Gintis

2009-01-01

302

Social norms as choreography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article shows that social norms are better explained as correlating devices for a correlated equilibrium of the underlying stage game, rather than Nash equilibria. Whereas the epistemological requirements for rational agents playing Nash equilibria are very stringent and usually implausible, the requirements for a correlated equilibrium amount to the existence of common priors, which we interpret as induced by

Herbert Gintis

2010-01-01

303

Crime and social norms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop a general equilibrium model of crime. It is shown that law and norms are substitutes in achieving a stable equilibrium. Here we offer a new interpretation of different theories of social norms in the context of crime and deterrence. The law and economics theory is presented as an ‘opportunism-limiting’ approach to norms whereas the evolutionary

Nuno Garoupa

2003-01-01

304

Student Services Go Social  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like fine wines, Web 2.0 technologies get better with age. Gone are the days of the pointless chat room; this is the era of social networking juggernauts such as Facebook, MySpace, and Friendster. Services offered by these firms are helpful in facilitating connections among users in every industry and of every age. In higher education, however, a…

Villano, Matt; Gullon, Monica

2009-01-01

305

Reggio Social Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents the social capital as the essential element of success of the Reggio Emilia preschools known for their unique approach to the early childhood education. The collaborative effort is introduced through examples of the currently ongoing "Reggio Narrates" project of Reggio preschools, the "Dialogue with the Places" and "The…

Stejzygier, Aneta

2009-01-01

306

Racism and social security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines some of the main ways in which racism operates through the social security system in Britain, in particular at the connection between entitlement to benefit and immigration control and at the failure of the system to meet specific problems faced by black claim ants. It looks also at the implications for black people of the recent govern

Paul Gordon

1986-01-01

307

Corporate social reporting revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intensity and scope of attention to the (negative) impacts of business activities on the social and natural environment have waxed and waned over the past forty years. A revival of interest on a wide scale is visible and audible again today. Numerous organizations, including the United Nations, the European Commission, national governments, and public interest groups, are calling for

Ariane Berthoin Antal; Meinolf Dierkes; Keith MacMillan; Lutz Marz

2002-01-01

308

Pregnancy: A social stigma?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental evidence is presented which explores the social stimulus value of pregnancy. It was found that, for men especially, the pregnant woman elicits avoidance and staring and that these responses occur primarily because pregnancy is a novel visual stimulus. For women, avoidance seems to be tied less to the stimulus aspects of the pregnant woman than to role expectations about

Shelley E. Taylor; Ellen J. Langer

1977-01-01

309

Social Policy Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the four 2002 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. The topics featured in each of the issues are: (1) "The Effects of Welfare Reform Policies on Children" (Pamela A. Morris); (2) "At What Age…

Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Ed.

310

Television and Social Stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple content analytic studies of TV portrayals of four social roles are presented, identifying consistent and persistent stereotypical attributes. Sex roles, ethnic roles, occupational roles, and age roles are discussed. Research on the impact of those portrayals is reviewed, and research on programming, critical viewing skills and parental mediation strategies which may serve to counteract stereotypic portrayals is presented.

Bradley S. Greenberg; Carrie Heeter

1983-01-01

311

The Social Justice Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shines an important light on the continuing struggle of disabled people for dignity, citizenship rights, and access to the marketplace. Common threads bind the struggle for basic human rights among disenfranchised groups, offer experience and approaches to facilitate change, and move society towards social justice. The philosophy…

Loewen, Gladys; Pollard, William

2010-01-01

312

Social Policy Report, 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the four issues of this newsletter published in 1993 consists of one article dealing with a particular policy debate. Number 1, "Canadian Special Education Policies: Children with Learning Disabilities in a Bilingual and Multicultural Society" (Linda S. Siegel and Judith Wiener), discusses social and cultural factors affecting the…

Thomas, Nancy G., Ed.

1993-01-01

313

Social Security & You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of materials for high school students explains the Social Security system. It consists of five lessons and an overview lesson that may be taught separately. To support the lessons, a videotape, fact sheets, student handouts, and quizzes are included. Handouts are in large print and are suitable for use as black line masters for…

Social Security Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.

314

What stops social epidemics?  

E-print Network

Theoretical progress in understanding the dynamics of spreading processes on graphs suggests the existence of an epidemic threshold below which no epidemics form and above which epidemics spread to a significant fraction of the graph. We have observed information cascades on the social media site Digg that spread fast enough for one initial spreader to infect hundreds of people, yet end up affecting only 0.1% of the entire network. We demonstrate two complementary effects that limit the final size of cascades on Digg. First, because of the highly clustered structure of the Digg network, most people who are aware of a story have been exposed to it via multiple friends. This structure lowers the epidemic threshold while also slowing the overall growth of cascades. In addition, we find that the mechanism for social contagion on Digg deviates from standard social contagion models, like the independent cascade model, and this severely curtails the size of social epidemics on Digg. These findings underscore the fun...

Steeg, Greg Ver; Lerman, Kristina

2011-01-01

315

THE SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE EXISTENTIALIST  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an open and virtually boundless media environment, old responses to the question of who is a journalist, based primarily on roles associated with the process of gathering and disseminating information, no longer apply. This article suggests a reconceptualization of the journalist based instead on normative constructs. Specifically, it advocates a blend of two competing philosophical approaches, existentialism and social

Jane B. Singer

2006-01-01

316

Utility Theory Social Intelligence  

E-print Network

of Money II Determining Utility Curve: use test persons facing a gamble, say, ¦ ¥ § © 7 ¥ ¥8 § , eUtility Theory Social Intelligence Daniel Polani Utility Theory ­ p.1/15 Utilities: Motivation currency ("money") to move from selection ¢ to selection . £ ¢ if agent would not pay money to move

Polani, Daniel

317

Social Support in Marriage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of perceived adequacy of social support provided by spouses for marital and individual functioning. Perceived support adequacy was correlated in the expected direction with marital quality, depressive symptomatology, and perceived stress. Hierarchical multiple regressions indicated perceived support adequacy accounts for…

Dehle, Crystal; Larsen, Debra; Landers, John E.

2001-01-01

318

Undergraduate Social Policy  

E-print Network

at Oxfordshire County Council as a Policy and Partnership Officer where I work across adult and children's social care. I loved my time at the School for Policy Studies. I always felt that our tutors were genuinely;bristol.ac.uk/study the development of British drugs policy over the last century, locate this within

Bristol, University of

319

Teaching Social Studies Indepth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social studies, too frequently, is taught in a survey approach whereby pupils obtain subject matter in a shallow manner. Forgetting and hazy recalls are typical of this procedure of instruction. Covering many topics in a relatively short period of time does not make for achievement which is long-lasting. Then too, selected pupils might be left…

Ediger, Marlow

2014-01-01

320

Somatosensation in social perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discovery of mirror neurons in motor areas of the brain has led many to assume that our ability to understand other people's behaviour partially relies on vicarious activations of motor cortices. This Review focuses the limelight of social neuroscience on a different set of brain regions: the somatosensory cortices. These have anatomical connections that enable them to have a

Jon H. Kaas; Christian Keysers; Valeria Gazzola

2010-01-01

321

Social Skills and Promotions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines which factors raise the probability a worker will be promoted using the NLSY dataset. While other papers have tried to explain what affects a worker's probability of receiving a promotion, this is the first paper to look at the impact of social ability. We use the respondent's self reported sociability at age eighteen and whether the individual

Vasilios D. Kosteas

322

SOCIAL LEARNING IN ANIMALS  

E-print Network

model system in which to study social-learning processes at all stages in the life cycle (For reviews, 1985; Galef & Heiber, 1976; Laland & Plotkin, 1991, 1993). In adolescence (and into adulthood), when interactions that occur at the home burrow at some distance from feeding sites (Galef & Wigmore, 1983; Posadas

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

323

Social Studies: Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

324

Social Navigation Peter Brusilovsky  

E-print Network

? ­ Notes in the margins ­ Highlights & underlines ­ Dog-eared pages ­ Opens more easily to more used places #12;1/13/10 4 Social Navigation in Information Space Synchronous Communication in real time Asynchronous Using the Interaction of past users Direct Direct communication between people Indirect Relying

Brusilovsky, Peter

325

Social Navigation Peter Brusilovsky  

E-print Network

? ­ Notes in the margins ­ Highlights & underlines ­ Dog-eared pages ­ Opens more easily to more used places #12;3/21/12! 4! Social Navigation in Information Space Synchronous Communication in real time Asynchronous Using the Interaction of past users Direct Direct communication between people Indirect Relying

Brusilovsky, Peter

326

Social Studies Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general framework is presented for the Sheridan School District K-12 social studies curriculum. The guide is arranged into three sections: rationale, goals and objectives, and scope and sequence. The rationale section emphasizes that students should develop awareness of individual rights and responsibilities, cope with the problems of our…

Sheridan School District 2, Englewood, CO.

327

N 20050008 RESPONSABILITE SOCIALE  

E-print Network

, employees, suppliers, customers... Keywords. Accounting ­ creative accounting ­ purposive accounting - accounting standards ­ IAS/IFRS ­ measure ­ evaluation ­ objectivity ­ subjectivity ­ intersubjectivity ­ corporate social responsibility ­ shareholders ­ stakeholders ­ ethics ­ discourse ethics ­ democracy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

Industrialized social control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American war on crime now spans at least three decades. Yet greater crime and a vastly expanded social control apparatus constitute its most glaring accomplishments. Fear of crime greatly exceeds the risk faced by most people, but it combines with contemporary political rhetoric and television spectacle to create an explosive feedback loop that drives the U.S.’s dangerous and irrational

Paul Leighton

1995-01-01

329

Social-Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactions between reactive and regulatory dimensions of temperament may be particularly relevant to children's adjustment but are examined infrequently. This study investigated these interactions by examining effortful control as a moderator of the relations of fear and frustration reactivity to children's social competence, internalizing, and…

Moran, Lyndsey R.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Zalewski, Maureen

2013-01-01

330

Social Network Infiltration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks are websites (or software that distributes media online) where users can distribute content to either a list of friends on that site or to anyone who surfs onto their page, and where those friends can interact and discuss the content. By linking to friends online, the users’ personal content (pictures, songs, favorite movies, diaries, websites, and so on) is dynamically distributed, and can "become viral", that is, get spread rapidly as more people see it and spread it themselves. Social networks are immensely popular around the planet, especially with younger users. The biggest social networks are Facebook and MySpace; an IYA2009 user already exists on Facebook, and one will be created for MySpace (in fact, several NASA satellites such as GLAST and Swift already have successful MySpace pages). Twitter is another network where data distribution is more limited; it is more like a mini-blog, but is very popular. IYA2009 already has a Twitter page, and will be updated more often with relevant information. In this talk I will review the existing social networks, show people how and why they are useful, and give them the tools they need to contribute meaningfully to IYA's online reach.

Plait, Philip

2008-05-01

331

Handicapping Social Exchange Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic theory of social exchange has some serious shortcomings when applied to minorities--especially the disabled. First, it assumes dyads comprise the basic unit where exchange occurs and that rewards and costs must occur at that level. Second, the model standardizes the experience of white, Western European and American males. The model…

Mishler, Barbara

332

Social Policy Report, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the four 2003 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. Each issue focuses on a single topic as follows: (1)"Do You Believe in Magic?: What We Can Expect from Early Childhood Intervention Programs"…

Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Ed.

2003-01-01

333

Social Studies Journal, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of the "Social Studies Journal" focuses on the worldwide conflict known in the United States as the French and Indian War (1754-1763). The volume is dedicated to examining the conflict in Pennsylvania. Western Pennsylvania became a battle-scarred landscape as the British and French, with their Native American allies, struggled for…

West, Leo R., Ed.

2003-01-01

334

Social Media REVOLUTION ?  

E-print Network

Social Media EVOLUTION or REVOLUTION ? This is a revised version of Alex's presentation posted on SLIDESHARE #12;Media Landscape #12;Today, media is fragmented · 13,500 radio stations (4,400 in 1960) · 17 Market," BusinessWeek (July 2004) Source: Darwin Day Conference, Google 1. Media Proliferation #12

335

Social networking healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world of “Social Networking”, a cultural phenomenon of recent years, has evolved an application paradigm, Instant Messaging (IM), into a feature rich, highly interactive and context sensitive service delivery environment. Terms such as buddy lists, presence and IM-bots have emerged as building blocks for services that significantly enhance the user experience. Mapping this paradigm to healthcare can deliver a

Leigh Griffin; Eamonn de Leastar

2009-01-01

336

Social Studies; Colonial America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in grades seven through nine will examine and analyze the political organization, social structure, economic life, and values of the American Colonial period in this quinmester arranged American Studies course. Since the thirteen English Colonies effected the United States development, many of our nations foundations in government,…

Hanson, Paul S.

337

Social Identity and Cooperation  

E-print Network

This study seeks to examine the effects of cooperation on social identity in group work. I posit that members of groups which are cooperative and therefore successful will be more likely to identify with the group, than members of those groups which...

Manago, Bianca N

2012-07-11

338

Social Balance Experiment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the entry page for participation in the Social Balance Experiment. In this experiment, participants are asked to imagine that they are in a situation in which they have one of five feelings (love, like, neutral, dislike or hate) toward another person named Bill.

339

Primer on Social Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An elaboration of the author's booklet entitled "First Steps Toward Economic Understanding," this primer is designed to help the reader develop a functional understanding of the economic process so that he can make wiser decisions on issues of social policy and on matters affecting his economic well-being. The document is not "economics in one…

Darcy, Robert L.

340

Social Footprint: taking time to measure social impact  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the difficulties of identifying sustainability at the level of the individual company and identifies the need for a broad indicator of social impact. It proposes a way of understanding social impacts in terms of a \\

Adrian Henriques

2006-01-01

341

the college of social work the college of social work  

E-print Network

, mental illness, discrimination, addictions, homelessness, economic poverty and a host of other social, who survived war and poverty, to believe in hope, mercy, and justice. The social work profession

Almor, Amit

342

The Social Ecology of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A conceptual framework based on social ecology, social learning, and social control theories guided identification of social contexts, contextual attributes, and joint effects that contribute to development of adolescent alcohol misuse. Modeling of alcohol use, suggested by social learning theory, and indicators of the social bond, suggested by social control theory, were examined in the family, peer, school, and

Susan T. Ennett; Vangie A. Foshee; Karl E. Bauman; Andrea Hussong; Li Cai; Heathe Luz McNaughton Reyes; Robert Faris; John Hipp; Robert DuRant

2008-01-01

343

Social Trust, Social Partner Time and Television Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social trust is an important phenomenon, but the influence of important time-based measures upon trust has not been examined. Such measures include social contact and anti-social activity, such as television watching, which allows for the co-presence of other people. This paper reports on associations between trust and weighted means of co-present…

Patulny, Roger

2011-01-01

344

Toward Valuation in Social Work and Social Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work and social services are known to be beneficial to society, but to date no systematic valuation of their contribution has been attempted. The aim of this article is to advance our ability to quantify both the known direct benefits and some of the positive externalities of social work. The authors make the case of why valuation is…

Cnaan, Ram A.; Kang, Chulhee

2011-01-01

345

Using the General Social Survey to Investigate Social Relationships  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise for a Social Demography class utilizes General Social Survey data to analyze a problem of interest. This activity uses the data software on the SDA Archive. The SDA Archive is an easy-to-use tool to investigate U.S. trends using General Social Survey Data.

Sun, Rongjun

346

A Mobile Social Network on ESP: an Egocentric Social Platform  

E-print Network

). To demonstrate its feasibility, we have ported Musubi, a fully functional mobile social app platform focuses on creating a platform for mobile apps where the primary use of Facebook is to get access to oneA Mobile Social Network on ESP: an Egocentric Social Platform T. J. Purtell Ian Vo Monica S. Lam

Straight, Aaron

347

Coupling Social Solidarity and Social Harmony in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The various forms of social solidarity are empirically uncharted, especially in relation to social harmony. With respect to resource exchange theory, inclusive solidarity or intergroup acceptance is more conducive to social harmony than mechanical, organic, distributive, and dialogic forms of solidarity. The theoretical prediction holds in the…

Cheung, Chau-kiu; Ma, Stephen Kan

2011-01-01

348

Whitehead and Social Science: The Use of Social Science Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to reformulate some assumptions of contemporary social science so that its knowledge becomes directly applicable in social action. A schema is presented for the interpretation of social experience in which sociological, anthropological, and psychological knowledge and knowledge of the physical and biological world enter into a…

Klausner, Samuel Z.

349

From social media to social customer relationship management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the augment of the authors, who are IBM consultants, that companies need to meld social media programs with customer relationship management (CRM). This new paradigm – Social CRM – recognizes that instead of just managing customers, the role of the business is to facilitate collaborative social experiences and dialogue that

Carolyn Heller Baird; Gautam Parasnis

2011-01-01

350

Social influence in social advertising: evidence from field experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social advertising uses information about consumers' peers, including peer affiliations with a brand, product, organization, etc., to target ads and contextualize their display. This approach can increase ad efficacy for two main reasons: peers' affiliations reflect unobserved consumer characteristics, which are correlated along the social network; and the inclusion of social cues (i.e., peers' association with a brand) alongside ads

Eytan Bakshy; Dean Eckles; Rong Yan; Itamar Rosenn

2012-01-01

351

Learning personal + social latent factor model for social recommendation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social recommendation, which aims to systematically leverage the social relationships between users as well as their past behaviors for automatic recommendation, attract much attention recently. The belief is that users linked with each other in social networks tend to share certain common interests or have similar tastes (homophily principle); such similarity is expected to help improve the recommendation accuracy and

Yelong Shen; Ruoming Jin

2012-01-01

352

Social psychology in India: Social roots and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although applied practical knowledge of social behaviours can be traced to the rich Indian intellectual traditions in philosophy, religious texts, social?political treatises and reform movements from the ancient period, the scientific social psychology in India began in the 1920s mostly as a borrowed discipline from the West. This article reviews briefly the historical background of psychology as a scientific discipline

Janak Pandey; Purnima Singh

2005-01-01

353

What Is Social about Writing as a Social Process?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is meant by saying that reality is socially constructed or that writing is a social process must be thought about carefully. Advocates of a social constructivist view of writing have been able to challenge dominant cognitivist and expressionist paradigms surprisingly quickly. However, such a swift victory needs to be examined. When tested in…

Ede, Lisa

354

Masculinity, Educational Achievement and Social Status: A Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilises a quantitative case study social network approach to explore the connection between masculinity and scholastic achievement in two secondary, all-boys schools in Australia. In both schools two social networks representing social status are explored: the "friendship" network as a measure of status that includes emotional…

Lusher, Dean

2011-01-01

355

Perceived Social Support, Social Interaction and Nutrition among the Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite evidence that levels of social support can affect health, there has been little work isolating the factors which actually mediate the relationship between social support and health. In an attempt to analyze the role of nutrition as a mediating factor of health and social support among the elderly, female older adults (N=43) responded to an…

Mansbach, William; Heller, Kenneth

356

SocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics  

E-print Network

;2 and some botnets were even taken down by law enforcement agencies [6], the majority of adversariesSocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics Ziming Zhao, Gail-Joon Ahn and propose a suite of measures called SocialImpact for systematically discovering and min- ing adversarial

Duchowski, Andrew T.

357

Promoting Social Network Awareness: A Social Network Monitoring System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase communication and collaboration opportunities, members of a community must be aware of the social networks that exist within that community. This paper describes a social network monitoring system--the KIWI system--that enables users to register their interactions and visualize their social networks. The system was implemented in a…

Cadima, Rita; Ferreira, Carlos; Monguet, Josep; Ojeda, Jordi; Fernandez, Joaquin

2010-01-01

358

Cognitive, Social, Sociable or just Socially Acceptable Robots?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today there is a large movement towards creating social and cognitive robots. Today there is research aiming at using robots as care support as well as social agents introduced in geriatric care and home care. Much of the research is aimed at the development of cognitive and social agents, since robot agents are considered to need ways of interacting with

Lars Oestreicher

2007-01-01

359

Platys Social: Relating Shared Places and Private Social Circles  

E-print Network

over ten weeks. We found that Platys Social effectively learned the users' social circles. Keywords: J Introduction Users today increasingly participate in online social interactions, especially media of connections. Grouping is not effective without prioritization of a group's members. Thus, we need automatic

360

Social Avoidance and Distress, the CPI and Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people appear to suffer from social anxiety. To explore how socially anxious people function in a number of domains, Watson and Friend's (1969) Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SAD) was administered to 101 undergraduate students. Subjects also completed the California Personality Inventory (CPI) and the Psychosocial Support Inventory…

Haemmerlie, Frances M.; And Others

361

Social brains on drugs: tools for neuromodulation in social neuroscience  

PubMed Central

Neuromodulators such as serotonin, oxytocin and testosterone play an important role in social behavior. Studies examining the effects of these neuromodulators and others on social cognition and behavior (and their neural underpinnings) are becoming increasingly common. Here, we provide an overview of methodological considerations for those wishing to evaluate or conduct empirical studies of neuromodulation in social neuroscience. PMID:23887816

Fehr, Ernst

2014-01-01

362

Social class and academic guidance: A social-psychological analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canadian research has consistently shown that, compared with high social class students, a lower proportion of low social class students have high educational expectations. This difference persists even when the level of mental ability between the 2 groups is the same. To answer the question of why so many low social class students do not have high educational expectations, a

Ramesh A. Deosaran

1978-01-01

363

Social Integration in Youth: Insights From a Social Network Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research repeatedly demonstrates the detrimental consequences of social isolation, but little is known of why adolescents lack social integration. Therefore, the present study uses social network analyses to take a unique look at adolescents' degree of integration. A total of 317 seventh through ninth graders (13.7 years, 162 girls) out of 18 classes reported friendship patterns and their respective class

Ralf Wölfer; Heike D. Bull; Herbert Scheithauer

2012-01-01

364

Social Learning in a Social Hierarchy: An Experimental Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social learning occurs in the context of a structure of social interaction among agents. Models of the social structure typically do not include hierarchical elements, such as status differences among agents. In this paper we report the results of experiments designed to examine learning in the presence of a commonly-observed, higher-status agent. We test strategy choice by subjects in a

Catherine C. Eckel; Rick K. Wilson

365

Masculinity, educational achievement and social status: a social network analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study utilises a quantitative case study social network approach to explore the connection between masculinity and scholastic achievement in two secondary, all?boys schools in Australia. In both schools two social networks representing social status are explored: the friendship network as a measure of status that includes emotional investment, and the influence network as a measure of status without emotion.

Dean Lusher

2011-01-01

366

The Social Psychology of Social Influence - - A historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In its broadest meaning, social influence deals with the effects that people have on one another. When one begins to specify the social sources of these effects and the variety of the effects in terms of behavior, cognition, and emotion, the field of inquiry that is mapped covers much of what we define as the discipline of social psychology. For

Albert Pepitone

367

Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments  

E-print Network

Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments EYTAN BAKSHY , Facebook advertising uses information about consumers' peers, including peer affiliations with a brand, prod- uct with the advertised entity. In the first experiment, we randomize the number of social cues present in word

Fiat, Amos

368

Socialization Tactics, Proactive Behavior, and Newcomer Learning: Integrating Socialization Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine how socialization processes (socialization tactics and proactive behavior) jointly affect socialization content (i.e., what newcomers learn) and adjustment. Longitudinal survey data from 150 business and engineering graduates during their first 7 months of work indicate that: (1) institutionalized…

Ashforth, Blake E.; Sluss, David M.; Saks, Alan M.

2007-01-01

369

Personalized recommendation of social software items based on social relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study personalized recommendation of social software items, including bookmarked web-pages, blog entries, and communities. We focus on recommendations that are derived from the user's social network. Social network information is collected and aggregated across different data sources within our organization. At the core of our research is a comparison between recommendations that are based on the user's familiarity network

Ido Guy; Naama Zwerdling; David Carmel; Inbal Ronen; Erel Uziel; Sivan Yogev; Shila Ofek-koifman

2009-01-01

370

Social Norms for Networked Communities  

E-print Network

Sustaining cooperation among self-interested agents is critical for the proliferation of emerging networked communities, such as the communities formed by social networking services. Providing incentives for cooperation in networked communities is particularly challenging because of their unique features: a large population of anonymous agents interacting infrequently, having asymmetric interests, and dynamically joining and leaving the community; network operation errors; and low-cost identity whitewashing. In this paper, taking these features into consideration, we propose a framework for the design and analysis of a class of incentive schemes based on social norms. We first define the concept of sustainable social norm under which no agent has an incentive to deviate. We then formulate the problem of designing an optimal social norm, which selects a social norm that maximizes overall social welfare among all sustainable social norms. Using the proposed framework, we study the structure of optimal social no...

Zhang, Yu; van der Schaar, Mihaela

2011-01-01

371

Local Experts in Social Media  

E-print Network

The problem of finding topic experts on social networking sites has been a continued topic of research. This thesis addresses the problem of identifying local experts in social media systems like Twitter. Local experts are experts with a topical...

Bachani, Vandana

2013-12-04

372

THE PHOENIX AREA SOCIAL SURVEY  

E-print Network

with a grant from the National Science Foundation. ABOUT THE PHOENIX AREA SOCIAL SURVEY T · · #12;iv RESEARCH Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences ASU West Andrew Kirby Department of Sociology Robert Bolin

Hall, Sharon J.

373

Social sensing and its display  

E-print Network

This thesis proposes a public interface that functions as a social catalyst in public spaces. Like a smart mirror, it intends to reflect the social identity of the environment and increase sensibility towards the place and ...

Telhan, Orkan

2007-01-01

374

The Social Role of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article implies that the gathering pessimism concerning the beneficent impacts - actual and potential - of technology applied to social purposes might gradually be reversed by a more efficient and socially responsive application of technology. (Author)

Abt, Clark C.

1973-01-01

375

SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University  

E-print Network

SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University Fullerton, CA Handbook for Students 2009-2010 Third ...............................................................................................7 SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM GOALS.........................................................................................................10 Master of Social Work (MSW) Curriculum

de Lijser, Peter

376

Trust Maximization in Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Trust is a human-related phenomenon in social networks. Trust research on social networks has gained much attention on its\\u000a usefulness, and on modeling propagations. There is little focus on finding maximum trust in social networks which is particularly\\u000a important when a social network is oriented by certain tasks. In this paper, we propose a trust maximization algorithm based\\u000a on the

Justin Zhan; Xing Fang

2011-01-01

377

Advancing Gerontological Social Work Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapters in this volume reflect a variety of issues related to education for gerontological social work. Chapters in section 1, "Geriatrics and Gerontology in Social Work Education," are: (1) "Social Work's Pursuit of a Common Professional Framework: Have We Reached a Milestone?" (Roberta Greene and Colleen Galambos); (2) "Basic Gerontological…

Mellor, M. Joanna, Ed.; Ivry, Joann, Ed.

378

Social Justice and School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

Nastasi, Bonnie K.

2008-01-01

379

Action Plan Humanities and Social  

E-print Network

scientific status vis-a-vis other disciplines and areas of knowledge, the search for meaning in the social reality, the search for its own meaning, a concern with increasing its relevance and interaction with its and Galicia). One of these centres, the Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (Hu- man and Social Sciences

Fitze, Patrick

380

Understanding Education for Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has become increasingly common for education scholars to claim a social justice orientation in their work. At the same time, education programs seem to be adding statements about the importance of social justice to their mission, and a growing number of teacher education programs are fundamentally oriented around a vision of social justice.…

Hytten, Kathy; Bettez, Silvia C.

2011-01-01

381

The Social Lives of Microbes  

E-print Network

The Social Lives of Microbes Stuart A. West,1 Stephen P. Diggle,2 Angus Buckling,3 Andy Gardner,1 evolution Abstract Our understanding of the social lives of microbes has been revolu- tionized over the past that microbes indulge in a variety of social behaviors involving com- plex systems of cooperation, communication

West, Stuart

382

Social Change Education: Context Matters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social change educators challenge social, economic, and political injustices that exist locally and globally. Their students may be people marginalized by these injustices or conversely, people who benefit from unjust systems. Much of the current social change pedagogy derives from the foundational work of Paulo Freire, developed in Brazil in…

Choules, Kathryn

2007-01-01

383

Social Work and Chronic Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pauline Hardiker worked as a medical secretary and community worker before going to Leicester University to read sociology (BA. Social Science, and MA. Sociology). She taught sociology and psychology for two years at Stevenage College. She has been a lecturer at the Leicester University School of Social Work since 1969, and has been engaged in research and writing on social

PAULINE HARDIKER; VICKY TOD

1982-01-01

384

Constructivism and Revitalizing Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is developing its Social Studies curriculum and pedagogy for public schools. Practically speaking, teaching Social Studies in the UAE is still based on the traditional way of teaching; route memorization is the means of acquiring knowledge. In order to enhance Social Studies constructivist teaching-learning, there is…

Blaik-Hourani, Rida

2011-01-01

385

SOCIAL MARKETING IN PUBLIC HEALTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract Social marketing, the use of marketing to design and implement pro- grams to promote socially beneficial behavior change, has grown in popularity and usage within the public health community. Despite this growth, many public health professionals have an incomplete,understanding,of the field. To advance,current knowl- edge, we provide a practical definition and discuss the conceptual underpinnings of social marketing.

Sonya Grier; Carol A. Bryant

2005-01-01

386

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY  

E-print Network

Social Security 10 Strengthen pension provisions 10 institute long-term care insurance 10 SupportINSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY Tatjana Meschede Thomas M. Shapiro Laura Sullivan Jennifer Wheary LIVING LONGER ON LESS REPORT #3 #12;DevelopeD by: The Institute on Assets and Social Policy

Snider, Barry B.

387

Social media basics for orthodontists.  

PubMed

One of the most common buzz words in today's online world is "social media." This article defines social media, explains why it is important to practicing orthodontists, and provides information about how doctors can incorporate it into their practices. Five of the most useful social media tools are described in detail, outlining the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and risks inherent in each. PMID:22464534

Jorgensen, Greg

2012-04-01

388

Finding Articles Social Sciences Inquiry  

E-print Network

Finding Articles Social Sciences Inquiry Info Lit @ Mac Nora Gaskin Reference Librarian Mills Articles in the Social Sciences 1. Finding references to articles 2. Getting the articles 3. Downloading and Social Sciences INNIS -- Business THODE -- Science and Engineering HEALTH Sciences #12;Inquiry 1SS3 Mills

Haykin, Simon

389

Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards  

Microsoft Academic Search

County-level socioeconomic and demographic data were used to construct an index of social vulnerability to environmental hazards, called the Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI) for the United States based on 1990 data. Copyright (c) 2003 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

Susan L. Cutter; Bryan J. Boruff; W. Lynn Shirley

2003-01-01

390

Mathematical Modeling of Social Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human computation is a technique that makes use of human abilities for computation to solve problems. Social games use the power of the Internet game players to solve human computation problems. In previous works, many social games were proposed and were quite successful, but no formal framework exists for designing social games in general. A formal framework is important because

Kam Tong Chan; Irwin King; Man-ching Yuen

2009-01-01

391

Critical Social Theory: A Portrait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term Critical Social Theory is employed in this article following the tradition of the Frankfurt School, and particularly the work of Herbert Marcuse and his interpretation of the political and social philosophy of Hegel and Marx. Discussing the contribution of G.W.F. Hegel to social theory Marcuse argued that: "Hegel's system brings to a…

Torres, Carlos A.

2012-01-01

392

The social brain in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term 'social brain' refers to the network of brain regions that are involved in understanding others. Behaviour that is related to social cognition changes dramatically during human adolescence. This is paralleled by functional changes that occur in the social brain during this time, in particular in the medial prefrontal cortex and the superior temporal sulcus, which show altered activity

Sarah-Jayne Blakemore

2008-01-01

393

Disaster symbolism and social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the use of social media during disaster events has gained attention in recent years. Prior research paid attention to warnings, response activities and the dissemination of information through social media during times of crisis. This study focuses on the use of social media during crisis from different perspectives. In this paper, the implications of symbols that emerged in

Hiroko Wilensky

2012-01-01

394

Social Exclusion Decreases Prosocial Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 7 experiments, the authors manipulated social exclusion by telling people that they would end up alone later in life or that other participants had rejected them. Social exclusion caused a substantial reduction in prosocial behavior. Socially excluded people donated less money to a student fund, were unwilling to volunteer for further lab experiments, were less helpful after a mishap,

Jean M. Twenge; Roy F. Baumeister; C. Nathan DeWall; Natalie J. Ciarocco; J. Michael Bartels

2007-01-01

395

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES  

E-print Network

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES VERSION 1.0 Last updated by Web Strategies on 17 March 2011. Contact: Web Strategies, webadmin@ohsu.edu #12;2 OHSU UNIfIED SITE SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES guidelines for the use of social media (SoMe) on all web sites that fall within the OHSU.edu domain

Chapman, Michael S.

396

Development and Socialization in Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, we have seen important changes in the conceptuaHzation of early child devel­ opment and socialization in psychology, sociology, and anthropology. In general, these changes involve more of a focus on children's agency in the socialization process, more con­ cern for the importance of social context, and agreement that children's experiences beyond their early years in the family

WILLIAM A. CORSARO; Laura Fingerson

397

Seven Rules for Social Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Seven Rules for Social Research" teaches social scientists how to get the most out of their technical skills and tools, providing a resource that fully describes the strategies and concepts no researcher or student of human behavior can do without. Glenn Firebaugh provides indispensable practical guidance for anyone doing research in the social…

Firebaugh, Glenn

2008-01-01

398

The Automaticity of Social Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of social life is experienced through mental processes that are not intended and about which one is fairly oblivious. These processes are automatically triggered by features of the immediate social environment, such as the group memberships of other people, the qualities of their behavior, and features of social situations (e.g., norms, one's relative power). Recent research has shown these

John A. Bargh; Erin L. Williams

2006-01-01

399

Social Justice Lessons and Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assigning activities based on current or past events allows students to explore mathematics in a social context. Using social justice events in the mathematics classroom is a way for teachers to provide contextual problems that will reach all students and promote equity. Learning mathematics in an environment in which social issues are explored…

Johnson, Jason D.

2011-01-01

400

Social Media Retrieval Alan Hanjalic  

E-print Network

1 Social Media Retrieval Alan Hanjalic Multimedia Information Retrieval Lab Delft University: Bringing Content and Context closer together · Social Media Retrieval (SMR) - a new paradigm.petamedia.eu 5 Social Media Retrieval · Enhancing the "classical" multimedia information retrieval paradigm (MCA

Worring, Marcel

401

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES  

E-print Network

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES VERSION 1.2 Last updated by Web Strategies on 08 July 2011. Contact: Web Strategies, webadmin@ohsu.edu #12;2 OHSU UNIfIED SITE SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES guidelines for the use of social media (SoMe) on all web sites that fall within the OHSU.edu domain

Chapman, Michael S.

402

Explorations in Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work education leans toward the applied approach emphasizing the practical and experiential. At present, many schools still offer social work education in the traditional academic model emphasizing textual learning. This approach is not suitable to the knowledge, student or teacher orientation in social work, and its pedagogy. To develop…

Tie'er, Shi

2013-01-01

403

College of Social Work Scholarships  

E-print Network

College of Social Work Scholarships Complete Scholarship Name Application Deadline Date Contact://cosw.sc.edu/current-students/scholarships-and- fellowships Application Available at: College of Social Work PhD Program To receive scholarship, the student must be a current participant of the College of Social Work Doctoral Program. A participant is awarded

Almor, Amit

404

Social Diversity in the Forestry  

E-print Network

Social Diversity in the Forestry Profession #12;Diversity & the forestry profession This is a report produced by the: Social and Economic Research Group Centre for Human and Ecological Sciences contact: Dr Bianca Ambrose-Oji Social and Economic Research Group Grwp Ymchwil Economaidd a Cymdeithasol

405

A LOOK AT SOCIAL JUSTICE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of a dispositional framework in the preparation of teachers, especially one that attends to issues of social justice, has generated considerable debate of late. In this article, the author argues that assessing teacher candidates' dispositions related to social justice is both reasonable and defen- sible. She explains why social justice matters in teacher education, provides a definition of

Ana María Villegas

406

Social Justice Language Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social justice language teacher education conceptualizes language teacher education as responding to social and societal inequities that result in unequal access to educational and life opportunities. In this volume authors articulate a global view of Social Justice Language Teacher Education, with authors from 7 countries offering a theorized…

Hawkins, Margaret R.

2011-01-01

407

Historical spaces of social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

An extensive analysis of all social psychology textbooks included a history chapter published in French between 1947 and 2001, provides a rich corpus for the study of the history of social psychology. Drawing upon this corpus, in this article we study the historical spaces of social psychology in order to show how the discipline was located in geographical, urban, institutional

Nikos Kalampalikis; Sylvain Delouvée; Jean-Pierre Pétard

2006-01-01

408

Understanding social motor coordination.  

PubMed

Recently there has been much interest in social coordination of motor movements, or as it is referred to by some researchers, joint action. This paper reviews the cognitive perspective's common coding/mirror neuron theory of joint action, describes some of its limitations and then presents the behavioral dynamics perspective as an alternative way of understanding social motor coordination. In particular, behavioral dynamics' ability to explain the temporal coordination of interacting individuals is detailed. Two experiments are then described that demonstrate how dynamical processes of synchronization are apparent in the coordination underlying everyday joint actions such as martial art exercises, hand-clapping games, and conversations. The import of this evidence is that emergent dynamic patterns such as synchronization are the behavioral order that any neural substrate supporting joint action (e.g., mirror systems) would have to sustain. PMID:20817320

Schmidt, R C; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Caron, Robert; Mergeche, Joanna

2011-10-01

409

Globalisation and social policy.  

PubMed

This paper discusses six major themes: that economic and social issues are closely interdependent and that the appropriate stance is to work on both together, simultaneously; that though the threats from globalisation have been exaggerated, there can be substantial costs as well as considerable benefits; that constraints on national policy are significant but are less severe than is commonly considered; that the vitality-the vigour-of national and international political processes must be increased to cope effectively with the changes which are underway; that the private sector, unions and civil society have crucial roles in the provision of services and in advocating socially responsible values, standards and policies; and that one of the most effective means of addressing the erosion of national autonomy from globalisation is for countries to cooperate in setting and implementing shared objectives and international standards and establishing more global public goods. PMID:12219761

Langmore, J

2001-01-01

410

Institute for Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute for Social Research (ISR) at the University of Michigan is one of the most well-regarded academic and social research organizations in the world, and has been in existence for more than 50 years. Employing close to one hundred researchers, the ISR informs both theoretical discussions and policy debates with its strong track record of empirical research in the disciplines of psychology, political science, economics, anthropology, and public health. The first place to visit for the uninitiated visitor to the website should probably be the centers and projects area. Here, visitors can learn about the Survey Research Center (which is well known for its Survey of Consumer Attitudes), the Research Center for Group Dynamics, and the Population Studies Center. While the site may seem a bit overwhelming, a good way to get a quick handle on the ISR's activities is by browsing through the ISR Update newsletter which can be found within the extensive "News" section of the site.

411

Social Criticism Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Frequently updated, this site serves as a well-linked gateway to leftist-friendly reviews, studies, and articles available on the Web on a variety of topics. Some of the dozens of subject headings offered here include "progress and its critics; Science in a free society: open to criticism; rationalism: a guiding principle gone astray; technology and its social side effects; debt boomerang of the Third World; the counterproductive end of economic growth" and many others. Most of these headings have roughly a dozen or more links to articles and reviews by progressive scholars and journalists. The lack of annotations or dates for entries are a drawback, but the volume and breadth of materials offered here makes the site a valuable resource for those wishing to access social criticism from the left online.

412

Politics and Social Movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Religion has been a central topic of study among social movement theorists, even if this often goes unnoticed or unmentioned.\\u000a Scholars examining deprivation theories looked to new religious movements and sectarian groups for substantive examples (Lofland & Stark, 1965). Resource mobilization theory was forged on Mayer Zald’s studies of the YMCA, and Zald has long argued that religious organizations\\u000a and

Darren E. Sherkat

413

Brain reading social action  

Microsoft Academic Search

What mechanism guides the social researcher in inferring a choice of action from particular beliefs and desires of the agent\\u000a or in reconstructing the beliefs and desires that caused an action? Through the identification process, the researcher should\\u000a be able to intercept the inferential principles guiding the agent, even when those principles differ from his own. As when\\u000a dealing with

Riccardo Viale

2011-01-01

414

Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments  

E-print Network

Social advertising uses information about consumers' peers, including peer affiliations with a brand, product, organization, etc., to target ads and contextualize their display. This approach can increase ad efficacy for two main reasons: peers' affiliations reflect unobserved consumer characteristics, which are correlated along the social network; and the inclusion of social cues (i.e., peers' association with a brand) alongside ads affect responses via social influence processes. For these reasons, responses may be increased when multiple social signals are presented with ads, and when ads are affiliated with peers who are strong, rather than weak, ties. We conduct two very large field experiments that identify the effect of social cues on consumer responses to ads, measured in terms of ad clicks and the formation of connections with the advertised entity. In the first experiment, we randomize the number of social cues present in word-of-mouth advertising, and measure how responses increase as a function of...

Bakshy, Eytan; Yan, Rong; Rosenn, Itamar; 10.1145/2229012.2229027

2012-01-01

415

Socially synchronized circadian oscillators  

PubMed Central

Daily rhythms of physiology and behaviour are governed by an endogenous timekeeping mechanism (a circadian ‘clock’). The alternation of environmental light and darkness synchronizes (entrains) these rhythms to the natural day–night cycle, and underlying mechanisms have been investigated using singly housed animals in the laboratory. But, most species ordinarily would not live out their lives in such seclusion; in their natural habitats, they interact with other individuals, and some live in colonies with highly developed social structures requiring temporal synchronization. Social cues may thus be critical to the adaptive function of the circadian system, but elucidating their role and the responsible mechanisms has proven elusive. Here, we highlight three model systems that are now being applied to understanding the biology of socially synchronized circadian oscillators: the fruitfly, with its powerful array of molecular genetic tools; the honeybee, with its complex natural society and clear division of labour; and, at a different level of biological organization, the rodent suprachiasmatic nucleus, site of the brain's circadian clock, with its network of mutually coupled single-cell oscillators. Analyses at the ‘group’ level of circadian organization will likely generate a more complex, but ultimately more comprehensive, view of clocks and rhythms and their contribution to fitness in nature. PMID:23825203

Bloch, Guy; Herzog, Erik D.; Levine, Joel D.; Schwartz, William J.

2013-01-01

416

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1923 (and last reviewed by the Scout Report on November 3, 1998), the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is an independent non-profit organization with ongoing research projects on every continent, most of which are designed to encourage innovation and to help social scientists engage broader constituencies. Some of the council's key interests include children and armed conflict, economic growth, international migration, and global security and cooperation. From the website, visitors can learn about the most recent project initiatives, which include the initiative on HIV / AIDS, social transformation and emergencies, and humanitarian action. Along with these recent initiatives, visitors may also read about the 30 thematic programs, which are organized into five broad program areas. Graduate students coming to the site will want to definitely take a look at the many fellowship and dissertation funding opportunities offered by the SSRC. Visitors may also browse through the SSRC quarterly publication, Items & Issues, which features essays, roundtables, and other writings by participants in SSRC-sponsored programs.

417

Social security financing.  

PubMed

After nearly 2 years of study, the 1979 Advisory Council on Social Security submitted its findings and recommendations in December. In February the Bulletin published the Executive Summary of the Council's report. Because of the continuing wide public interest in the future of social security financing, the Council's detailed findings and recommendations on that subject are published below. The Council unanimously reports that all current and future beneficiaries can count on receiving the payments to which they are entitled. Among the recommendations it calls for are partial financing with nonpayroll-tax revenues. Suggested changes include hospital insurance (HI) financed through portins of personal and corporate income taxes and a part of the HI insurance payroll tax diverted to cash benefits with the balance of this tax repealed. The Council also recommends that the social security cash benefits program be brought into long-run actuarial balance--with a payroll-tax rate increase in the year 2005. It rejects the idea of a value-added tax as being inflationary. Parenthetical remarks represent additional views of the Council members cited. PMID:7423348

1980-05-01

418

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâÂÂs homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâÂÂs contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâÂÂs documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

1996-01-01

419

Social marketing and social influences: Using social ecology as a theoretical framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social marketing has traditionally been dominated by an individualistic model of design. In this work, the authors apply a social ecology model to the theory and practice of social marketing, demonstrating that a multilevel framework is required to fully expose and account for the complexity of sociocultural and environmental effects. The authors have generated a diagnostic tool for this use.

Katie Collins; Alan Tapp; Ashley Pressley

2010-01-01

420

Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale  

PubMed Central

The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one person’s attitudes and behaviors affect another’s) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the “who” and the “how” of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

Contractor, Noshir S.; DeChurch, Leslie A.

2014-01-01

421

Expert Recommendation based on Social Drivers, Social Network Analysis, and Semantic Data Representation  

E-print Network

Expert Recommendation based on Social Drivers, Social Network Analysis, and Semantic Data computational techniques from social network analysis and representational techniques from the semantic web, personalized search, social network analysis, semantic web, social drivers, multi-theoretical multi

Fox, Mark S.

422

The Role of Social Isolation in Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature which relates to the role of social isolation in suicide. Major areas reviewed include theories on suicide and social isolation, measures of social isolation, and empirical studies which concern the relationship of social isolation to suicide. (Author)

Trout, Deborah L.

1980-01-01

423

Endotoxin elicits ambivalent social behaviors  

PubMed Central

Summary The acute phase response to infection is reliably accompanied by decreases in social investigation; however, social behavior is commonly assayed in inescapable environments using unfamiliar social stimuli. In this experiment, male Wistar rats were raised from weaning with 2 familiar, same-sex conspecifics. In adulthood, rats were implanted with radiotelemetry devices that permitted localization in space, and were challenged with LPS treatments (150 mg/kg, i.p.) in a novel, semi-natural arena which afforded the treated (Focal) animal exclusive control of social exposure, and the ability to avoid social interactions. LPS reliably elicited thermoregulatory responses (transient hypothermia and fever) during the scotophase following injection, but did not yield changes in the proportion of time spent engaged in social interactions: both LPS- and saline-treated rats spent approximately 10% of the night with their familiar cagemates. Injection treatments markedly altered the spatial distribution of activity: LPS-treated rats exhibited significant increases in the amount of time spent as far as possible from their cagemates. The data suggest that sickness responses to LPS may give rise to a transient state of social ambivalence—characterized by a persistent motivation to engage in social contact, but also by increased avoidance of social environments. Selective maintenance of social motivation illustrates plasticity in the expression of sickness behaviors and may be adaptive in social species. PMID:22172640

Yee, Jason R.; Prendergast, Brian J.

2013-01-01

424

Information Provenance in Social Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information appearing in social media provides a challenge for determining the provenance of the information. However, the same characteristics that make the social media environment challenging provide unique and untapped opportunities for solving the information provenance problem for social media. Current approaches for tracking provenance information do not scale for social media and consequently there is a gap in provenance methodologies and technologies providing exciting research opportunities for computer scientists and sociologists. This paper introduces a theoretical approach aimed guiding future efforts to realize a provenance capability for social media that is not available today. The guiding vision is the use of social media information itself to realize a useful amount provenance data for information in social media.

Barbier, Geoffrey; Liu, Huan

425

Efectos de la desigualdad del ingreso sobre el crecimiento económico: un análisis por entidad federativa para México  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar cuál es el efecto final que la desigualdad del ingreso ejerce sobre el crecimiento económico en los estados de la República Mexicana. Para ello, se utiliza un panel de datos que comprende las 32 entidades federativas durante el período de 1984-1999. Se corren regresiones del modelo estándar que se utiliza en esta clase

Sergio Rios Santos

2003-01-01

426

Efectos de la Sedimentacin en el Muelle de Arecibo Manuel Aguiar Reyes, Yadira Soto Viruet, y Jos Martnez Coln  

E-print Network

clasificaciones supervisadas y no supervisadas, para así entender como las estructuras construidas por el hombre las estructuras construidas por el hombre afectan la geomorfología de la costa. Localización El área. Localización del muelle de Arecibo, Imagen TM 30m. Trabajos Anteriores En el artículo, Efectos de estructuras

Gilbes, Fernando

427

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds  

PubMed Central

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of ‘social complexity’ across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments ‘trained’ individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

White, David J.; Gersick, Andrew S.; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-01-01

428

Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds.  

PubMed

The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of 'social complexity' across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments 'trained' individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

White, David J; Gersick, Andrew S; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

2012-07-01

429

Social mix policies in Paris: discourses, policies and social effects.  

PubMed

Since the 1980s, the issue of social mix has become a public policy category in France. Enshrined in legislation, yet remaining controversial, it represents a major premise on which housing policies have been reconfigured. The concept of social mix is essentially based on who lives where, but it is also evoked in the context of urban renewal schemes for social housing estates, as well as in relation to new-build developments. A study of the bases of social mix policies conducted in Paris since 2001 in the context of the embourgeoisement of the capital shows the fundamental role of social housing stock. The City Council has become involved in policy decisions about both the location and the allocation of social housing. Particular attention has been paid to the middle classes in the name of the principle of ‘balancing the population’. In order to measure the effects of the policy, this article relies on an analysis of two City of Paris schemes that have the stated intent of creating social mix. One of these schemes consists of redeveloping a working-class neighbourhood, Goutte d'Or, while the other involves the new acquisition of social housing in various more affluent neighbourhoods in the capital. This comparative study of the population shows that, whether in a neighbourhood poised for gentrification or in a more affluent neighbourhood, this policy has major effects on forms of local social cohesion, setting in motion individual trajectories and reshaping social and/or ethnic identities. PMID:21542203

Bacqué, Marie-Hélène; Fijalkow, Yankel; Launay, Lydie; Vermeersch, Stéphanie

2011-01-01

430

Cultural Aspects in Social Anxiety and Social Anxiety Disorder  

PubMed Central

To examine cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder (SAD), we reviewed the literature on the prevalence rates, expressions, and treatments of social anxiety/SAD as they relate to culture, race, and ethnicity. We further reviewed factors that contribute to the differences in social anxiety/SAD between different cultures, including individualism/collectivism, perception of social norms, self-construal, gender roles, and gender role identification. Our review suggests that the prevalence and expression of social anxiety/SAD depends on the particular culture. Asian cultures typically show the lowest rates, whereas Russian and US samples show the highest rates, of SAD. Taijin kyofusho is discussed as a possible culture-specific expression of social anxiety, although the empirical evidence concerning the validity of this syndrome has been mixed. It is concluded that the individual's social concerns need to be examined in the context of the person's cultural, racial, and ethnic background in order to adequately assess the degree and expression of social anxiety and social anxiety disorder. This has direct relevance for the upcoming DSM-V. PMID:21132847

Hofmann, Stefan G.; Asnaani, Anu; Hinton, Devon E.

2010-01-01

431

DERIVING ECONOMIC VALUE FROM SOCIAL COMMERCE NETWORKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT ,Social commerce,and social shopping websites are growing in number and gaining in popularity among consumers. Broadly defined, social commerce and social shopping concepts allow consumers,to participate in Internet-based retailing and to interact with each other in the process, with social commerce involving social interactions between sellers and social shopping involving social interactions between buyers. Th is paper examines the

Andrew T. Stephen; Olivier Toubia

432

Social work education in the beloved community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the impact of Dr. King and his vision of a beloved community upon the lives of many individual social work educators and social workers, one finds very little in social work literature analyzing the relevance of King's social philosophy and strategies, or applying them to either social work education or social work practice. This study explores ways in which

Daniel Nussbaum

1984-01-01

433

Faculty of Social Science 1 Discovering  

E-print Network

Faculty of Social Science 1 Discovering Our Social World #12;2 Faculty of Social Science Welcome to the Faculty of Social Science at Western Joan Finegan Associate Dean, Faculty of Social Science W hen you Study Social Science at WeStern, you will embark on an academic journey like no other with unique

Denham, Graham

434

Discovering Overlapping Groups in Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing popularity of social media is shortening the distance between people. Social activities, e.g., tagging in Flickr, book marking in Delicious, twittering in Twitter, etc. are reshaping people's social life and redefining their social roles. People with shared interests tend to form their groups in social media, and users within the same community likely exhibit similar social behavior (e.g.,

Xufei Wang; Lei Tang; Huiji Gao; Huan Liu

2010-01-01

435

Different Aspects of Social Network Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social network is a set of people (or organizations or other social entities) connected by a set of social relation- ships, such as friendship, co-working or information exchange. Social network analysis focuses on the analysis of patterns of relationships among people, organizations, states and such social entities. Social network analysis provides both a visual and a mathematical analysis of

Mohsen Jamali; Hassan Abolhassani

2006-01-01

436

Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook September 2012 Helen Bader School of Social://www.uwm.edu/Dept/SSW #12;Department of Social Work Mission To promote and effect positive change through social work of social justice. To create and disseminate knowledge leading to social work and inter

Saldin, Dilano

437

Supplementary application information of Social Work  

E-print Network

Supplementary application information Bachelor of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Your service/social change experience Human service/social change is defined as providing social work related to application form for guidelines. Education equity Both Carleton University and the School of Social Work have

Dawson, Jeff W.

438

Social image quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current subjective image quality assessments have been developed in the laboratory environments, under controlledconditions, and are dependent on the participation of limited numbers of observers. In this research, with the help of Web 2.0 and social media technology, a new method for building a subjective image quality metric has been developed where the observers are the Internet users. A website with a simple user interface that enables Internet users from anywhere at any time to vote for a better quality version of a pair of the same image has been constructed. Users' votes are recorded and used to rank the images according to their perceived visual qualities. We have developed three rank aggregation algorithms to process the recorded pair comparison data, the first uses a naive approach, the second employs a Condorcet method, and the third uses the Dykstra's extension of Bradley-Terry method. The website has been collecting data for about three months and has accumulated over 10,000 votes at the time of writing this paper. Results show that the Internet and its allied technologies such as crowdsourcing offer a promising new paradigm for image and video quality assessment where hundreds of thousands of Internet users can contribute to building more robust image quality metrics. We have made Internet user generated social image quality (SIQ) data of a public image database available online (http://www.hdri.cs.nott.ac.uk/siq/) to provide the image quality research community with a new source of ground truth data. The website continues to collect votes and will include more public image databases and will also be extended to include videos to collect social video quality (SVQ) data. All data will be public available on the website in due course.

Qiu, Guoping; Kheiri, Ahmed

2011-01-01

439

Collaboration on Social Media: Analyzing Successful Projects on Social Coding  

E-print Network

Social Coding Sites (SCSs) are social media services for sharing software development projects on the Web, and many open source projects are currently being developed on SCSs. One of the characteristics of SCSs is that they provide a platform on social networks that encourages collaboration between developers with the same interests and purpose. For example, external developers can easily report bugs and improvements to the project members. In this paper, we investigate keys to the success of projects on SCSs based on large data consisting of more than three hundred thousand projects. We focus on the following three perspectives: 1) the team structure, 2) social activity with external developers, and 3) content developed by the project. To evaluate the success quantitatively, we define activity, popularity and sociality as success indexes. A summary of the findings we obtained by using the techniques of correlation analysis, social network analysis and topic extraction is as follows: the number of project mem...

Yoshikawa, Yuya; Sawada, Hiroshi

2014-01-01

440

The Limits of Social Capital: Durkheim, Suicide, and Social Cohesion  

PubMed Central

Recent applications of social capital theories to population health often draw on classic sociological theories for validation of the protective features of social cohesion and social integration. Durkheim’s work on suicide has been cited as evidence that modern life disrupts social cohesion and results in a greater risk of morbidity and mortality—including self-destructive behaviors and suicide. We argue that a close reading of Durkheim’s evidence supports the opposite conclusion and that the incidence of self-destructive behaviors such as suicide is often greatest among those with high levels of social integration. A reexamination of Durkheim’s data on female suicide and suicide in the military suggests that we should be skeptical about recent studies connecting improved population health to social capital. PMID:15933234

Kushner, Howard I.; Sterk, Claire E.

2005-01-01

441

The Social Work Reinvestment Initiative: advocacy and social work practice.  

PubMed

In 2006, NASW launched the Social Work Reinvestment Initiative by granting each state chapter $15,000 in seed money to address the most pressing social work needs in the state. This article describes how NASW-SD, with 246 members, launched an epic campaign that resulted in the establishment of the only MSW program in South Dakota. Using historical research methods, this article demonstrates the power of social work advocacy when members unify in pursuit of a common goal and describes how the social workers rallied to educate policymakers and the public on the value of social work and its delivery of necessary social services at all levels and in all fields of practice. The research highlights an uphill battle of advocacy and the skillful planning and implementation of a campaign to secure state funding to establish the first MSW program in the state, at the beginning of the most difficult economic recession since the Great Depression. PMID:25076644

Talbot, Elizabeth Peffer; McMillin, Joan A

2014-07-01

442

Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the use of social links (e.g., comment and author- ship connections) for identifying events and their associated documents (e.g., photos, videos) in social media sites. To un- derstand the potential benets of using social links for this task, we analyze a network of author comments associated with photographs in a large-scale Flickr data set. Our pre- liminary experiments,

Hila Becker; Bai Xiao

443

Socialization of emotion: Pathway to preschoolers' emotional and social competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aspects of 47 preschoolers'emotional competence—their patterns of emotional expressiveness and reactions to others' emotion displays—were observed in two settings, with mother and with peers, and their general social competence was rated by their preschool teachers. Intrapersonal and interpersonal (i.e., socialization correlates of children's emotional competence were identified, and a causal model incorporating direct and indirect influences on social competence was

Susanne A. Denham; Leslie Grout

1993-01-01

444

Coupling Social Solidarity and Social Harmony in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

The various forms of social solidarity are empirically uncharted, especially in relation to social harmony. With respect to\\u000a resource exchange theory, inclusive solidarity or intergroup acceptance is more conducive to social harmony than mechanical,\\u000a organic, distributive, and dialogic forms of solidarity. The theoretical prediction holds in the present study that surveyed\\u000a 1,093 Hong Kong Chinese. Importantly, one’s experience of inclusive

Chau-kiu Cheung; Stephen Kan Ma

2011-01-01

445

Strategisch Plan faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen 2013-2016 Sociale Wetenschappen  

E-print Network

Rutten fotografeerde de nieuwe huisvesting van FSW. Vormgeving: Communicatie & Marketing FSW 2 Wetenschappen maart 2013 Het Strategisch Plan van de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen (FSW) legt de ambities en

Utrecht, Universiteit

446

Quantifying social group evolution.  

PubMed

The rich set of interactions between individuals in society results in complex community structure, capturing highly connected circles of friends, families or professional cliques in a social network. Thanks to frequent changes in the activity and communication patterns of individuals, the associated social and communication network is subject to constant evolution. Our knowledge of the mechanisms governing the underlying community dynamics is limited, but is essential for a deeper understanding of the development and self-optimization of society as a whole. We have developed an algorithm based on clique percolation that allows us to investigate the time dependence of overlapping communities on a large scale, and thus uncover basic relationships characterizing community evolution. Our focus is on networks capturing the collaboration between scientists and the calls between mobile phone users. We find that large groups persist for longer if they are capable of dynamically altering their membership, suggesting that an ability to change the group composition results in better adaptability. The behaviour of small groups displays the opposite tendency-the condition for stability is that their composition remains unchanged. We also show that knowledge of the time commitment of members to a given community can be used for estimating the community's lifetime. These findings offer insight into the fundamental differences between the dynamics of small groups and large institutions. PMID:17410175

Palla, Gergely; Barabási, Albert-László; Vicsek, Tamás

2007-04-01

447

Education for social development.  

PubMed

Education for social development is a life long activity that requires cooperation with donors, governments, and community organizations to solve problems in areas such as agriculture productivity, infant mortality, AIDS, malnutrition, population growth, and drug and alcohol abuse. Education should be a 2-way street with the audience in control, driven by the needs of the individual. Behavioral change is the most important goal in education, because what a person does will liberate him from disease, addiction, hunger, and inequalities. Interpersonal communications are best for teaching complex skills, broadcast media work well for simple ideas, and print media is best suited for detailed material for repeated referral. To design an educational program the audiences needs must be assessed in the following areas: the technical, social/psychological, and environmental. Project implementation must take into consideration political and economic needs of the environment in which it will operate. Evaluation requires testing the product in draft form with a target audience, and getting them involved in the evaluation. If the target group can't understand the message or identify with the image and finds the material unattractive, then it is changed and tested again. PMID:12316151

1989-01-01

448

Quantifying social group evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rich set of interactions between individuals in society results in complex community structure, capturing highly connected circles of friends, families or professional cliques in a social network. Thanks to frequent changes in the activity and communication patterns of individuals, the associated social and communication network is subject to constant evolution. Our knowledge of the mechanisms governing the underlying community dynamics is limited, but is essential for a deeper understanding of the development and self-optimization of society as a whole. We have developed an algorithm based on clique percolation that allows us to investigate the time dependence of overlapping communities on a large scale, and thus uncover basic relationships characterizing community evolution. Our focus is on networks capturing the collaboration between scientists and the calls between mobile phone users. We find that large groups persist for longer if they are capable of dynamically altering their membership, suggesting that an ability to change the group composition results in better adaptability. The behaviour of small groups displays the opposite tendency-the condition for stability is that their composition remains unchanged. We also show that knowledge of the time commitment of members to a given community can be used for estimating the community's lifetime. These findings offer insight into the fundamental differences between the dynamics of small groups and large institutions.

Palla, Gergely; Barabási, Albert-László; Vicsek, Tamás

2007-04-01

449

Communicating science in social settings  

PubMed Central

This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists—driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication—to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future. PMID:23940341

Scheufele, Dietram A.

2013-01-01

450

World Social Science Report 2010  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Where are people most likely to study the social sciences? Where are most of the academic publications in social sciences based? These are but a few of the questions asked (and answered) within the pages of the World Social Sciences Report 2010. The report was compiled by a blue-ribbon panel of social science experts. Interestingly, this report was a follow-up to the World Social Science Report published in 1999. The report has a number of positive findings, including the observation that the social sciences are "taught almost everywhere and their research results are widely disseminated, increasingly by new information technologies." The full report is 444-pages, and it includes chapters on the fragmentation of knowledge, the divide between academic disciplines, and the "sometimes tense relations between academics and society." For those who might be pressed for time, there is also a 28-page executive summary available here. [KMG

451

Perceived Social Isolation and Cognition  

PubMed Central

Social species, from Drosophila melanogaster to Homo sapiens, fare poorly when isolated. Homo sapiens, an irrepressibly meaning-making species, are, in normal circumstances, dramatically affected by perceived social isolation. Research indicates that perceived social isolation (i.e., loneliness) is a risk factor for, and may contribute to, poorer overall cognitive performance, faster cognitive decline, poorer executive functioning, more negativity and depressive cognition, heightened sensitivity to social threats, a confirmatory bias in social cognition that is self-protective and paradoxically self-defeating, heightened anthropomorphism, and contagion that threatens social cohesion. These differences in attention and cognition impact emotions, decisions, behaviors, and interpersonal interactions that may contribute to the association between loneliness and cognitive decline and between loneliness and morbidity more generally. PMID:19726219

Cacioppo, John T.; Hawkley, Louise C.

2009-01-01

452

The Rise of Social Bots  

E-print Network

The Turing test asked whether one could recognize the behavior of a human from that of a computer algorithm. Today this question has suddenly become very relevant in the context of social media, where text constraints limit the expressive power of humans, and real incentives abound to develop human-mimicking software agents called social bots. These elusive entities wildly populate social media ecosystems, often going unnoticed among the population of real people. Bots can be benign or harmful, aiming at persuading, smearing, or deceiving. Here we discuss the characteristics of modern, sophisticated social bots, and how their presence can endanger online ecosystems and our society. We then discuss current efforts aimed at detection of social bots in Twitter. Characteristics related to content, network, sentiment, and temporal patterns of activity are imitated by bots but at the same time can help discriminate synthetic behaviors from human ones, yielding signatures of engineered social tampering.

Ferrara, Emilio; Davis, Clayton; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

2014-01-01

453

Perceived social isolation and cognition.  

PubMed

Social species, from Drosophila melanogaster to Homo sapiens, fare poorly when isolated. Homo sapiens, an irrepressibly meaning-making species, are, in normal circumstances, dramatically affected by perceived social isolation. Research indicates that perceived social isolation (i.e. loneliness) is a risk factor for, and may contribute to, poorer overall cognitive performance, faster cognitive decline, poorer executive functioning, increased negativity and depressive cognition, heightened sensitivity to social threats, a confirmatory bias in social cognition that is self-protective and paradoxically self-defeating, heightened anthropomorphism and contagion that threatens social cohesion. These differences in attention and cognition impact on emotions, decisions, behaviors and interpersonal interactions that can contribute to the association between loneliness and cognitive decline and between loneliness and morbidity more generally. PMID:19726219

Cacioppo, John T; Hawkley, Louise C

2009-10-01

454

Understanding social inequalities in health.  

PubMed

A prominent feature of health in all industrialized countries is the social gradient in health and disease. Many observers believe that this gradient is simply a matter of poor health for the disadvantaged and good health for everyone else, but this is an inadequate analysis. The Whitehall Study documented a social gradient in mortality rates, even among people who are not poor, and this pattern has been confirmed by data from the United States and elsewhere. The social gradient in health is influenced by such factors as social position; relative versus absolute deprivation; and control and social participation. To understand causality and generate policies to improve health, we must consider the relationship between social environment and health and especially the importance of early life experiences. PMID:14563071

Marmot, Michael G

2003-01-01

455

Chapter 12 DATA MINING IN SOCIAL MEDIA  

E-print Network

Keywords: The rise of online social media is providing a wealth of social network data. Data mining techniques provide researchers and practitioners the tools needed to analyze large, complex, and frequently changing social media data. This chapter introduces the basics of data mining, reviews social media, discusses how to mine social media data, and highlights some illustrative examples with an emphasis on social networking sites and blogs. data mining, social media, data representation, social computing, social networks, social networking sites, blogs, blogosphere, event maps 1.

Geoffrey Barbier; Huan Liu

456

Social capital in its place: using social theory to understand social capital and inequalities in health.  

PubMed

Social capital has been controversially linked to public health benefits, particularly as an explanation for the relationship between economic inequalities and health. This paper focuses on social capital in this context, particularly a recent emphasis on social capital in neighbourhoods and growing use of Bourdieu's social theory in empirical investigations. A review of some of this work is used to suggest the need for a more coherent theoretical approach to using Bourdieu and to introduce an ethnographic study of social connections in New Zealand. Forty-six residents of, a rural town, a deprived city suburb, or an affluent suburb, volunteered to be interviewed about their social connections. Their talk was transcribed and analysed in terms of everyday practice. The results of this study suggest that social connections are not necessarily located in neighbourhoods, and that social capital will be better understood in a broader social context which includes competition for resources between deprived and non-deprived groups, and the practices of all citizens across neighbourhoods. When considering social capital, an exclusive focus on deprived neighbourhoods as sites for research and intervention is not helpful. PMID:18155335

Stephens, Christine

2008-03-01

457

Social mobility and educational selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a close interactive relationship between social mobility and educational selection. On one side, the character, direction,\\u000a speed, level, methods and trends of social mobility affect the aims, goals, functions, scope, strategy, content and methods\\u000a of choice in education. On the other side, the goals, basis and means of choosing education promote inter-generational social\\u000a mobility, competitive mobility and structural

Zefang Dong; Yanbin Wang; Wenjiao Chen

2009-01-01

458

Social ties and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted\\u000a review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined\\u000a as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First,\\u000a the pathways by which social networks

Ichiro Kawachi; Lisa F. Berkman

2001-01-01

459

Vocal communication in social groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Vocal communication plays a particularly important role in the regulation of social interactions and in the coordination of\\u000a activities in many mammals and birds that are organised into social groups. Previous research on the function and evolution\\u000a of vocal signals has mainly considered dyadic interactions of a signaller and its addressed receiver. However, in social groups\\u000a it is likely that

Claudia Fichtel; Marta Manser

460

Online Identities and Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals\\u000a for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online\\u000a identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between\\u000a online identities and social networking.

Muthucumaru Maheswaran; Bader Ali; Hatice Ozguven; Julien Lord

2010-01-01

461

International Social Survey Programme: ISSP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is an ongoing project that promotes the cross-national collaboration of social science research. Each year, the 29 member countries of the ISSP contribute data from national social science research projects to an international survey. The topic for the international survey changes every year; past topics have included social inequality, role of government, religion, and national identity. This Website provides general information about the program, a list of international surveys from 1985 to 1999, an archive of data sets used by the ISSP, profiles of participating countries, and a bibliography of publications.

462

Social justice in pandemic preparedness.  

PubMed

Pandemic influenza planning in the United States violates the demands of social justice in 2 fundamental respects: it embraces the neutrality of procedural justice at the expense of more substantive concern with health disparities, thus perpetuating a predictable and preventable social injustice, and it fails to move beyond lament to practical planning for alleviating barriers to accessing care. A pragmatic social justice approach, addressing both health disparities and access barriers, should inform pandemic preparedness. Achieving social justice goals in pandemic response is challenging, but strategies are available to overcome the obstacles. The public engagement process of one state's pandemic ethics project influenced the development of these strategies. PMID:22397337

DeBruin, Debra; Liaschenko, Joan; Marshall, Mary Faith

2012-04-01

463

Social Justice in Pandemic Preparedness  

PubMed Central

Pandemic influenza planning in the United States violates the demands of social justice in 2 fundamental respects: it embraces the neutrality of procedural justice at the expense of more substantive concern with health disparities, thus perpetuating a predictable and preventable social injustice, and it fails to move beyond lament to practical planning for alleviating barriers to accessing care. A pragmatic social justice approach, addressing both health disparities and access barriers, should inform pandemic preparedness. Achieving social justice goals in pandemic response is challenging, but strategies are available to overcome the obstacles. The public engagement process of one state's pandemic ethics project influenced the development of these strategies. PMID:22397337

Liaschenko, Joan; Marshall, Mary Faith

2012-01-01

464

Social Support in Normal Aging  

PubMed Central

The role of social support in helping elderly people deal with stressful life events is quite complex. This complexity exists because it is difficult to define exactly what social support is, and because the experiences of `normal' aging vary. This article uses the example of adaptation to widowhood to examine the relationship between normal aging and sources, types, and patterns of social support. These factors influence the extent to which support lessens the impact of age-related stressful events. The physician has a role in primary social support, and also in facilitating the supportive functions of family and others. PMID:21279087

Matthews, Anne Martin

1984-01-01

465

Social anxiety in college students.  

PubMed

Individuals with social phobia often hold erroneous beliefs about the extent to which others experience symptoms of social anxiety and the ways in which others evaluate people who appear to be anxious. The purpose of this study was to: (a) provide normative data on the frequency with which individuals in a nonclinical sample experience particular symptoms of social anxiety (e.g., sweating, shaking, etc.); (b) to examine how the perception of anxiety in others influences participants' immediate impressions of various personal characteristics (e.g., intelligence, attractiveness, etc); and, (c) investigate the relationship between social anxiety and perceptions regarding others who appear to be anxious. Eighty-one undergraduate students completed self-report measures of social anxiety and social desirability, and then rated the degree to which their impressions of various personal characteristics were influenced when another individual was perceived to be anxious. Results suggested that the vast majority of individuals experience symptoms of anxiety in social situations from time to time. In addition, individuals who themselves reported elevated social anxiety were more likely than individuals less socially anxious to judge others who appear anxious to have less strength of character and to be less attractive and more compassionate compared to others who do not appear anxious. Clinical implications of these results are discussed. PMID:11442139

Purdon, C; Antony, M; Monteiro, S; Swinson, R P

2001-01-01

466

Bringing back the social history.  

PubMed

The social environment of a child is a key determinant of the child's current and future health. Factors in a child's family environment, both protective and harmful, have a profound impact on a child's long-term health, brain development, and mortality. The social history may be the best all-around tool available for promoting a child's future health and well-being. It is a key first step in identifying social needs of a child and family so that they may benefit from intervention. This article focuses on key social history elements known to increase a child's risk of maltreatment and provides case examples. PMID:25242704

Pierce, Mary Clyde; Kaczor, Kim; Thompson, Richard

2014-10-01

467

Social marketing program sales.  

PubMed

A table presents the latest available statistics on social marketing program sales and status in the countries of Bangladesh, the Caribbean, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Mexico, and Nepal. The Bangladesh Family Planning Social Marketing Program was implemented in 1975 and is active at this time. Over the June 1983 to May 1984 period, 87,034,000 Raja condoms, 4,242,000 Panther condoms, 1.157,000, Maya pills, 846,000 Ovacon low-dose pills, and 4,332,000 Joy foaming tablets were sold for 1,109,000 couple years of protection (CYP). Over the March 1984 to May 1984 period, the Caribbean Social Marketing Project, implemented in 1983, sold 16,000 Panther condoms, 1000 Perle pills, and 1000 Perle low-dose pills. Sales are expected to begin in Ecaudor's program in August 1984. Egypt's program is active. Data for July 1983 to June 1984 show that 6,722,000 condoms, 1,988,000 Amman foaming tablets, 114,600 Cu-T IUDs, 66,600 Cu-7 IUDs, and 578,000 Norminest low-dose pills were sold for a total of 515,000 years of protection. Over the March 1983 to February 1984 period, El Salvador's program sold 537,000 Condor condoms, 125,000 Perla pills, and 61,000 Suave foaming tablets for 16,000 CYP. There have been no sales as yet in Guatemala's program. Sales for the Honduras program began in March 1984, but no data are available as yet. India's Nirodh Marketing program was implemented in 1968. For the January 1983 to September 1983 period, 83,140,000 Nirodh condoms were sold for 1,109,000 CYP. Over the May 1983 to April 1984 period, Jamaica's program sold 1,031,000 Panther condoms and 330,000 Perle oral contraceptives for 35,000 CYP. Mexico's Profam, implemented in 1978, sold 6,602,000 condoms, 18,000 pills, and 9000 injectables for 35,000 CYP for the May 1983 to June 1984 period. Nepal's Contraceptive Retail Sales Corporation was implemented in 1976. For the May 1983 to April 1984 period, 2,833,000 condoms, 82,000 Gulaf pills, 15,000 Nilocon low-dose pills, and 167,000 Kamal foaming tablets were sold for a total of 37,000 CYP. PMID:12266334

1984-01-01

468

Social networks and social integration panel1 A longitudinal survey  

E-print Network

adult life, starting work and developing social networks Hypotheses, development of the survey on the Integration of Young People ­ Ministry of Employment and Solidarity, the Lower Normandy Regional Department not really have the extended meaning of the French term, which encompasses the development of personal social

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

469

Effectiveness of social reinforcement following social and sensory deprivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior to the presentation of a simple operant task, 72 boys and girls of CA 5-7 were placed in 1 of 3 deprivation conditions: (a) social and sensory, (b) social, (c) nondeprivation. The conditions differed according to the presence or absence of E and the presence or absence of interesting visual stimulation (viewing a colored, abstract film). During the 7

Kennedy T. Hill; Harold W. Stevenson

1964-01-01

470

Rural accessibility, social inclusion and social justice: towards conceptualisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessibility has become established as a mainstream policy goal in the service of the UK Government’s aims of achieving greater social inclusion and social justice. It is argued that a better understanding of the relationship between conceptualisations of accessibility and these policy aims would be of value in understanding the potential of accessibility to contribute to policy. The aim of

John Farrington; Conor Farrington

2005-01-01

471

Student Perceptions of Social Justice and Social Justice Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraging students to engage in activities that actively seek to promote social justice is a goal of many educators. This study analyzed college student perceptions around social justice and related activities in a medium-sized, urban university in the United States. Students' open-ended responses to questions assessing their perceptions of…

Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Steele, Cheronda; Schulz, Erica; Taha, Farah; Pico, Chantal

2014-01-01

472

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY Possible Careers Market Researcher.sociologyandsocialanthropology.dal.ca Professional Associations The Canadian Anthropology Society - www.cas-sca.ca The Society for Applied Anthropology - www.sfaa.net American Anthropological Association - www.aaanet.org The Canadian Sociology

Brownstone, Rob

473

Social capital, social network and identity bonds: a reconceptualization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that along with social network analysis researchers can also benefit from looking at the identity bonding perspective. In this paper, by synthetic and critical reviewing literature on related work from sociology and information science, we provide a new theoretical lens that calls attention to the role played by shared identity in creating social capital.

Hao Jiang; John M. Carroll

2009-01-01

474

Counting social change: outcome measures for social enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify important elements of the evaluation and definition of success in social entrepreneurship. It considers previous approaches and the lessons that can be learned from other fields of organizational studies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The method used is based upon an objective and subjective, social constructionist view of organizational success. The paper reviews

Trish Ruebottom

2011-01-01

475

Neighborhood Deterioration, Social Skills, and Social Relationships in Late Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is designed to test two hypotheses. The first specifies that older adults who live in dilapidated neighborhoods will receive less social support and encounter more negative interaction with family and friends. The second hypothesis proposes that the relationship between deteriorated neighborhood conditions and social relationships will…

Krause, Neal

2006-01-01

476

Social network activity and social well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has shown a relationship between use of social networking sites and feelings of social capital. However, most studies have relied on self-reports by college students. The goals of the current study are to (1) validate the common self-report scale using empirical data from Facebook, (2) test whether previous findings generalize to older and international populations, and (3) delve

Moira Burke; Cameron Marlow; Thomas M. Lento

2010-01-01

477

Developmental and Social Determinants of Religious Social Categorization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess developmental and social determinants of the age at which children become aware that the social environment can be marked by categorization into religious groups and that those groups are associated with different religious beliefs. The results show that middle childhood is a critical period for this…

van der Straten Waillet, Nastasya; Roskam, Isabelle

2012-01-01

478

Socialization and Sport: A Paradigm of Institutional Socialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study applies a model of institutional socialization to the institution of college sport. Five variables were generated with reference to college sport as an agent of socialization and to the occupations of medicine, law, and business. The degree to which these five variables exist in the U.S. was investigated by means of a questionnaire…

Stevenson, Christopher L.

479

"Teacher, What Are Social Justice and Social Change?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this action research presentation is to invite discourse on racial equality and social justice with young children. Strategies include using children's literature in conjunction with Georgia's Power Standards for Social Studies. Methodology: This action research project took place in a suburban kindergarten with learners of…

Thomas-Fair, Ursula; Michael, Karen Hubbard

2005-01-01

480

Social Identity Change: Shifts in Social Identity during Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the proposition that adolescence involves significant shifts in social identity as a function of changes in social context and cognitive style. Using an experimental design, we primed either peer or gender identity with a sample of 380 early- (12-13 years), mid- (15-16 years), and late-adolescents (18-20 years) and then…

Tanti, Chris; Stukas, Arthur A.; Halloran, Michael J.; Foddy, Margaret

2011-01-01

481

Attitudes in social context: A social identity perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on attitudes and attitude phenomena occupies a central place in social psychology, but tends to focus mainly on cognitive, intra-individual, and interpersonal dimensions. The normative, group membership, and identity dimensions of attitudes tend to attract less attention. This article approaches attitudes from the perspective of research on group processes, intergroup relations, and social identity, and conceptualises attitudes and attitude

Michael A. Hogg; Joanne R. Smith

2007-01-01

482

Using social robots to study abnormal social development  

E-print Network

test that can diagnose autism. Diagnosis relies on the clinician's intuitive feel for the child in their construction, can be unique tools in the study of abnormal social development. Autism is a pervasive evaluations of children for autism per year, this paper discusses how social robots will make an impact

Scassellati, Brian

483

Future Directions: Social Development in the Context of Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many societies and cultures have become increasingly diverse and heterogeneous over the past decade. This diversity has a direct bearing on social justice in children's and adolescents' social development. Increased diversity can have positive consequences, such as the possibility for increased empathy, tolerance, perspective taking, and the…

Killen, Melanie; Smetana, Judith G.

2010-01-01

484

Introduction to Social Media in Social Informatics Minitrack  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our minitrack aims to 1) Explore the impacts of social media, such as BBS, Wiki, blog, SNS, twitter and so on, with respect to human behavior and choices in everyday life. 2) Develop the concepts and technologies, such as knowledge creation, data-mining, and so on, for effective sharing of information and knowledge among people by the social media.

Toshizumi Ohta; Isamu Okada; Hitoshi Yamamoto; Hirohiko Suwa

2012-01-01

485

Measuring Belongingness:: The Social Connectedness and the Social Assurance Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study developed 2 measures of belongingness based on H. Kohut's (1984) self psychology theory. The Social Connectedness Scale and the Social Assurance Scale were constructed with a split-sample procedure on 626 college students. Internal reliability estimates for the 2 scales were .91 and .82, respectively. Test-retest correlations revealed good test stability over a 2-week period (r s = .96

Richard M. Lee; Steven B. Robbins

1995-01-01

486

Corporate social responsibility initiatives addressing social exclusion in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

The private sector is often seen as a driver of exclusionary processes rather than a partner in improving the health and welfare of socially-excluded populations. However, private-sector initiatives and partnerships- collectively labelled corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives-may be able to positively impact social status, earning potential, and access to services and resources for socially-excluded populations. This paper presents case studies of CSR projects in Bangladesh that are designed to reduce social exclusion among marginalized populations and explores whether CSR initiatives can increase economic and social capabilities to reduce exclusion. The examples provide snapshots of projects that (a) increase job-skills and employment opportunities for women, disabled women, and rehabilitated drug-users and (b) provide healthcare services to female workers and their communities. The CSR case studies cover a limited number of people but characteristics and practices replicable and scaleable across different industries, countries, and populations are identified. Common success factors from the case studies form the basis for recommendations to design and implement more CSR initiatives targeting socially-excluded groups. The analysis found that CSR has potential for positive and lasting impact on developing countries, especifically on socially-excluded populations. However, there is a need for additional monitoring and critical evaluation. PMID:19761088

Werner, Wendy J

2009-08-01

487

The Social Strategy Game Resource Competition within Female Social Networks  

E-print Network

. Women take fewer beads from desired friends, neighbors, and from those viewed as enemies. We interpret with members of their social network and with those who were designated as cooperative helpers or as close kin favoritism toward enemies as resulting from fear of retribution. Our results suggest that social relations

Gurven, Michael

488

School: Economics and Social Sciences Department: Social Sciences  

E-print Network

School: Economics and Social Sciences Department: Social Sciences Seminar/Institute: Political with respect to the grow- ing importance of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa in international, China, India, Brazil, South Africa, Russia and Portugal. For more infor- mation see www

Hamburg,.Universität

489

The Analysis of Social Issues by Social Science Majors. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new social studies rationale assumes that concepts learned in a formal school setting can be incorporated into the student's cognitive structure and, further, that students can apply fundamental social studies concepts to analysis of the world's major problems. Teaching, then, concerns itself not with accumulation of factual information but,…

Allen, D. I.

490

Disability Social History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Disability Social History Project preserves, examines, and shares the history and culture of disabled persons. This community project provides opportunities for people with disabilities to conceptualize a group identity, advocate civil rights, and provide resources that educate the public about disabilities. The four major sections include: a timeline--spanning from 3500 BC to the present--that chronicles events in disability history; a people section offering brief biographies of famous disabled people, including, among others, Harriet Tubman, Franklin Roosevelt, and Frida Kahlo; a News & Events area that posts recent news items, a schedule of arts and cultural events, and a list of conferences and calls for papers; and an annotated webliography directing visitors to related sites. In addition, the proceedings of Changing Borders, a recent meeting of women with disabilities, is also available at the site.

491

Churn in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past, churn has been identified as an issue across most industry sectors. In its most general sense it refers to the rate of loss of customers from a company's customer base. There is a simple reason for the attention churn attracts: churning customers mean a loss of revenue. Emerging from business spaces like telecommunications (telcom) and broadcast providers, where churn is a major issue, it is also regarded as a crucial problem in many other businesses, such as online games creators, but also online social networks and discussion sites. Companies aim at identifying the risk of churn in its early stages, as it is usually much cheaper to retain a customer than to try to win him or her back. If this risk can be accurately predicted, marketing departments can target customers efficiently with tailored incentives to prevent them from leaving.

Karnstedt, Marcel; Hennessy, Tara; Chan, Jeffrey; Basuchowdhuri, Partha; Hayes, Conor; Strufe, Thorsten

492

Quantum social networks  

E-print Network

We introduce a physical approach to social networks (SNs) in which each actor is characterized by a yes-no test on a physical system. This allows us to consider SNs beyond those originated by interactions based on pre-existing properties, as in a classical SN (CSN). As an example of SNs beyond CSNs, we introduce quantum SNs (QSNs) in which actor is characterized by a test of whether or not the system is in a quantum state. We show that QSNs outperform CSNs for a certain task and some graphs. We identify the simplest of these graphs and show that graphs in which QSNs outperform CSNs are increasingly frequent as the number of vertices increases. We also discuss more general SNs and identify the simplest graphs in which QSNs cannot be outperformed.

Adan Cabello; Lars Eirik Danielsen; Antonio J. Lopez-Tarrida; Jose R. Portillo

2011-12-03

493

Latin American Social Medicine and Global Social Medicine  

PubMed Central

A fundamental change in the theory underlying public health and medicine is needed. Latin American social medicine (LASM), originating in a region of the world that has been subjected to colonial and postcolonial influence, will be part of this change. To the extent that the social production of disease among people in other regions is a consequence of various large-scale forms of domination, LASM offers a relevant analysis, models of resistance, and exemplars of social medicine in practice. I draw upon LASM to examine the social production of disease in the Marshall Islands and Iraq. I suggest a basis for a global social medicine in the shared experience of suffering and describe implications for public health theory and practice. PMID:14652319

Yamada, Seiji

2003-01-01

494

Social diffusion and global drift in adaptive social networks  

E-print Network

Social contagion has been studied in various contexts. Many instances of social contagion can be modeled as an infection process where a specific state (adoption of product, fad, knowledge, behavior, etc.) spreads from individual to individual through links between them. In the meantime, other forms of social contagion may better be understood as a diffusion process where the state of an individual tends to assimilate with the social norm (i.e., local average state) within his/her neighborhood. Unlike infection scenarios where influence is nonlinear, unidirectional, fast, and potentially disruptive, social diffusion is linear, bidirectional, gradual, and converging. The distance between an individual's state and his/her neighbors' average state always decreases, and thus a homogeneous global state is guaranteed to be the network's stable equilibrium state in the long run. This does not sound as intriguing or exciting as infection dynamics, which might be why there are very few studies on mathematical models o...

Sayama, Hiroki

2014-01-01

495

From Social Network to Semantic Social Network in Recommender System  

E-print Network

Due the success of emerging Web 2.0, and different social network Web sites such as Amazon and movie lens, recommender systems are creating unprecedented opportunities to help people browsing the web when looking for relevant information, and making choices. Generally, these recommender systems are classified in three categories: content based, collaborative filtering, and hybrid based recommendation systems. Usually, these systems employ standard recommendation methods such as artificial neural networks, nearest neighbor, or Bayesian networks. However, these approaches are limited compared to methods based on web applications, such as social networks or semantic web. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for recommendation systems called semantic social recommendation systems that enhance the analysis of social networks exploiting the power of semantic social network analysis. Experiments on real-world data from Amazon examine the quality of our recommendation method as well as the performance of our re...

Sellami, Khaled; Tiako, Pierre

2014-01-01

496

Reaching Higher in Community Psychology: Social Problems, Social Settings, and Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty years after the founding of community psychology, we have yet to deliver on the full promissory note of our birth, where\\u000a we were poised to address social problems, social settings, and social change. Despite some success, we are at risk for selling\\u000a ourselves short, for dying out in the discipline of psychology, and for failing to improve the common

Rhona S. Weinstein

2006-01-01

497

[Social cohesion and regional integration: the MERCOSUR social agenda and the integrationist social policy major challenges].  

PubMed

In the consolidation of the Southern Cone Common Market (MERCOSUR), social policies are still in the embryonic stage. However, since the latter half of the 1990s there has been a speedup in the creation of institutions dedicated to such policies with the Common Market's framework. This article focuses on health policy and the broader social policy system in order to identify the reasons for the imbalance, through three movements: reconstitution of the history of the institutional construction of social policies in MERCOSUR; identification and comparison of the successive strategies for the formulation and implementation of the social integration agenda; and reflection on the current dilemmas and challenges faced by the process. According to the study, MERCOSUR operates with strategies that are difficult to mutually reconcile. On the institutional level, it follows a minimalist strategy, while on the conceptual/ discursive level it adopts a maximalist strategy for supranational unification of social policies. The fact is that it operates a minimalist social policy strategy, since it fails to bring to the field of social integration the debate and proposals on economic and social development models that could sustain the effective construction of regional social citizenship. PMID:17625644

Draibe, Sônia Miriam

2007-01-01

498

Social resilience in online communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We empirically analyze five online communities: Friendster, Livejournal, Facebook, Orkut, Myspace, to identify causes for the decline of social networks. We define social resilience as the ability of a community to withstand changes. We do not argue about the cause of such changes, but concentrate on their impact. Changes may cause users to leave, which may trigger further leaves of

David Garcia; Pavlin Mavrodiev; Frank Schweitzer

2013-01-01

499

Social Relationships In Persuasion Processes  

E-print Network

1 Social Relationships In Persuasion Processes Fiorella de Rosis http like: "What processes does social intelligence involve, in particular, in persuasion?" and "How could, in particular in persuasion dialogues, and how? 3 Data on which I will ground my claims 1. Theories about

Bari, Università degli Studi di

500

Thermal investigations on social insects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social insects (honey- and bumblebees, wasps, hornets, ants and termites) are interesting in many aspects, among them the energetic advantages of social life and conquering of unfavourable territories. Own investigations and data from literature deal with the energy metabolism of these insects (except termites because of experimental difficulties), with locomotor activities, energy balances of foraging, energy saving by insulation of

E. Schmolz; I. Lamprecht