Sample records for efectos ambientales sociales

  1. Tecnologie della comunicazione e sostenibilit ambientale

    E-print Network

    Tecnologie della comunicazione e sostenibilità ambientale: Green ICT & ICT for Green Politecnico di and it is not to be relied on by any 3rd party without A2A's prior written consent. 2 Sommario della presentazione" · Progetto INTEGRIS #12;This information was prepared by A2A and it is not to be relied on by any 3rd party

  2. Efectos de un programa de intervención para la mejora de la competencia social en niños de educación primaria en Bolivia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Carmen Pichardo; Trinidad García; Fernando Justicia; Claudia Llanos

    2008-01-01

    Effects of an intervention program for improving social competence among Primary Education students from Bolivia. Scientific findings show that an adequate and positive development of social skills during childhood is an important base of social, occupational and personal adjustment through life-span. On the other hand, it has been stablished that unfit social skills development during childhood is associated with negative

  3. Nuestra Tierra Primavera 2005 pgina 13 Ciencias ambientales

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nuestra Tierra · Primavera 2005 · página 13 Ciencias ambientales Paleoecología de medios húmedos, Didier Galop #12;Nuestra Tierra · Primavera 2005 · página 14 Al contrario que los rizó- podos, las algas

  4. IMPACTO DE COSTOS AMBIENTALES EN EL DESPACHO DEL SISTEMA INTERCONECTADO CENTRAL

    E-print Network

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Hugh Rudnick Escuela de Ingeniería, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Casilla 306, Correo 22, Santiago, Chile Fono 56-2-6864281 Fax 56-2-5522563 Email hrudnick@ing.puc.cl Homepage http del combustible utilizado. Desde el punto de vista social, estos efectos deben considerarse como

  5. PIANO DI RIQUALIFICAZIONE AMBIENTALE E PAESAGGISTICA DEL TERMOVALORIZZATORE DI DESIO TERMOVALORIZZATORE DI DESIO (MI) BRIANZA ENERGIA E AMBIENTE SPA

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    PIANO DI RIQUALIFICAZIONE AMBIENTALE E PAESAGGISTICA DEL TERMOVALORIZZATORE DI DESIO Febbraio 2007 #12;PIANO DI RIQUALIFICAZIONE AMBIENTALE E PAESAGGISTICA DEL TERMOVALORIZZATORE DI DESIO Architecture Nature Development Febbraio 2007 #12;PIANO DI RIQUALIFICAZIONE AMBIENTALE E PAESAGGISTICA DEL

  6. EFECTO DE LOS NUTRIENTES Y CONDICIONES AMBIENTALES SOBRE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE POLISACÁRIDOS POR LA BACTERIA RHIZOBIUM LEGUMINOSARUM CEPA B

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Lancheros; L. Caicedo; Y. Navarro

    1. RESUMEN Los polisacáridos de origen microbiano han adquirido importancia para la industria de alimentos, ya que tienen la capacidad para alterar las propiedades de flujo del agua y la posibilidad de formar geles. En este trabajo se estudió la producción de biopolímeros mediante el cultivo de la bacteria Rhizobium. El extracto de levadura reportó los mejores resultados al ser

  7. Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" D.I.C.E.A. Dipartimento Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale

    E-print Network

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" D.I.C.E.A. ­ Dipartimento Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Roma T (+39) 06 44585089 F (+39) 06 44585091 http://www.dicea.uniroma1.it DIPARTIMENTO DI INGEGNERIA CIVILE EDILE E AMBIENTALE UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA "LA SAPIENZA" BANDO DI

  8. AREA DIPARTIMENTO RESP TITOLO TOTALE A DIP. Biologia ambientale CELESTI Laura

    E-print Network

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    territorio 12000,00 A DIP. Biologia ambientale VITALE Marcello La teoria della complessità sistemica the regulatory link between biofilm formation and iron starvation in the human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa SORRENTINO Rosa Effects of HLA-class I polymorphism and micropolymorphism on the cell physiology, immune

  9. El sistema urbano de Chile central. Desafíos sociales y medio ambientales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Didima Olave Farias

    2007-01-01

    Se encuentran en el territorio de Chile a inicios del tercer milenio, tres áreas metropolitanas: Santiago, Valparaíso-Viña del Mar y Concepción-Talcahuano, más la Conurbación La Serena-Coquimbo. Las ciudades de nivel intermedio siguen en rango y llegan a doce centros las mayores de 100.000 habitantes. La localización de estos centros urbanos presentan un carácter litoral al norte de Santiago, en cambio,

  10. PROPUESTA DE TRATAMIENTO CONTABLE PARA LAS AFECTACIONES AMBIENTALES PROVOCADAS POR LA EXPLOTACIÓN DE YACIMIENTOS MINERALES EN EMPRESAS PRODUCTORAS DE NÍQUEL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clara Luz Reynaldo Argüelles

    2011-01-01

    El medio ambiente es un recurso importante para las empresas y su gestión ha de ser eficiente en beneficio tanto de la entidad como de la sociedad. La necesidad de contabilizar los costos y las obligaciones ambientales de las cuestiones asociadas con la contabilidad ambiental ha cobrado cada vez más importancia, ya se trate de empresas privadas, de organizaciones sin

  11. La valoraciòn econòmica de bienes y servicios ambientales como herramienta estrategica para la conservaciòn y uso sostenible de los ecosistemas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ADOLFO CARBAL HERRERA

    2010-01-01

    Resumen El trabajo corresponde a un estudio piloto hacia la implementación de una metodología que permita aproximar el valor monetario de los Bienes y Servicios Ambientales (BSA) ofertados por un ecosistema hídrico, caso “Ciénaga de la Caimanera, municipio de Coveñas, departamento de Sucre-Colombia”, como herramienta estratégica para incentivar la conservación y uso sostenible de los ecosistemas. Avanzar en procesos de

  12. Determinacion de periodos fundamentales del suelo mediante vibraciones ambientales en el municipio de Humacao, Puerto Rico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cintron Aponte, Rommel

    La tecnica de Nakamura ha sido utilizada a nivel mundial para determinar periodos fundamentales del suelo. La tecnica consiste en calcular y graficar cocientes espectrales H/V de vibraciones ambientales registradas sobre el suelo. Mediciones de vibraciones ambientales fueron tomadas en 151 lugares dentro del municipio de Humacao, localizado al este de Puerto Rico. Los datos se procesaron utilizando espectros de Fourier y espectros de potencia. La tecnica fue validada al compararla con los resultados de cocientes espectrales H/V de registros de sismos debiles y tambien con una modelacion numerica realizada con datos de un ensayo "downhole". Las graficas de los cocientes espectrales H/V fueron divididas en casos y grupos, los cuales dependen de la facilidad para identificar el periodo fundamental pico y amplitudes en frecuencias menores de 1 Hz, respectivamente. Los resultados obtenidos con ambos espectros fueron comparados y se concluye que los mismos se complementan para proveer resultados mas confiables. Se crearon mapas de periodos fundamentales, factores de amplitud, isoperiodos y clasificacion sismica de sitio. Los mapas de isoperiodos fueron realizados en las zonas mas pobladas sobre depositos de suelo. El mapa de periodos fundamentales del suelo mostro buena correlacion con la geologia local. El mapa de clasificacion sismica derivado de periodos de sitio fue comparado con el mapa de clasificacion sismica derivado de barrenos geotecnicos. El mapa de clasificacion obtenido de periodos puede sobreestimar un poco algunas clasificaciones del suelo. Sin embargo, este mapa puede proveer un estimado aproximado de la velocidad de onda de corte promedio del suelo hasta una profundidad de 100 pies (30 metros).

  13. Un sistema de cuentas para la valoración de los efectos comerciales y ambientales del gasto público en la mitigación del fuego en el bosque mediterráneo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Campos Palacín; J. L. Oviedo Pro; A. Caparrós Gass

    A system of accounts for valuing commercial and environmental public spending effects on mitigation forest fires in Mediterranean areas This paper proposes an economic accounting system for measuring the commercial and environmental effects of public spending in mitigation of forest f ires in Mediterranean areas. It describes the application of this system (Agroforestry Accounts System) in the Alcornocales Natural Park.

  14. EFECTO DE LA HETEROGENEIDAD EN LA

    E-print Network

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    ;OBJETIVOS nEVALUAR EL EFECTO DE LA HETEROGENEIDAD EN: nLA POSICI�N DE EQUILIBRIO DE LA INTERFAZ AGUA DULCE.263 s Q a k = = - x Q dulce y d l Mar Interfaz abrupta 2 l d = = Números adimensionales que definen el

  15. La metodologia de la valoracion contingente en la evaluacion de proyectos ambientales : el caso del saneamiento del Rio Medellin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fredy Zuleta D

    1994-01-01

    Como consecuencia del crecimiento de las ciudades, se hace cada vez más sentida la necesidad de desarrollar proyectos de carácter ambiental que subsanen el efecto negativo del urbanismo y las grandes concentraciones poblacionales. Tal es el caso de los rellenos sanitarios y sistemas de alcantarillado y tratamiento de aguas residuales, entre otros. Sin embargo, los problemas de contaminación y saneamiento,

  16. SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    156 SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology Degree options MA (Single Honours Degree) Social Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art History Anthropology Geography with Social Anthropology Social Anthropology with Geography Entrance Requirements (see

  17. Social Structure and Social Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Everett M.

    1971-01-01

    Drawing on examples and evidence from social science research on the diffusion of ideas, social movements, and several other related fields, nine propositions dealing with the interrelationships between social structure and social change are explored. (Author/MB)

  18. La Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios: El caso de Chile y sus perspectivas para Trabajo Social

    PubMed Central

    Sanhueza, Guillermo E.; Delva, Jorge; Andrade, Fernando H.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Bares, Cristina; Castillo, Marcela

    2012-01-01

    El estudio acerca de las características de los vecindarios y sus efectos sobre las personas ha llegado a ser un área de creciente atención por parte de investigadores de diversas disciplinas en países desarrollados. Aunque actualmente existen diversas metodologías para estudiar efectos del vecindario, una de las más utilizadas es la Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios –Systematic Social Observation SSO, en inglés—porque permite recolectar información acerca de diversas características del entorno físico, social, ambiental y económico de los vecindarios donde se aplica. El objetivo de este artículo es (i) dar a conocer sumariamente algunas investigaciones influyentes sobre efectos del vecindario en Estados Unidos, ii) describir cómo se diseñó e implementó la Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios en la ciudad de Santiago de Chile, iii) señalar algunos facilitadores y obstaculizadores de la implementación del proyecto y, finalmente iv) enunciar posibles contribuciones y limitaciones que esta metodología ofrecería al trabajo social en Chile. PMID:24791060

  19. FUNCIONAMIENTO Y COMUNICACIÓN FAMILIAR Y CONSUMO DE SUSTANCIAS EN LA ADOLESCENCIA: EL ROL MEDIADOR DEL APOYO SOCIAL1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teresa Isabel Jiménez; Gonzalo Musitu; Sergio Murgui

    2006-01-01

    RESUMEN En el presente estudio se analiza el apoyo social como un recurso protector para el ajuste de los adolescentes. Concretamente, se estudian tanto los efectos directos como los mediadores del apoyo social entre las características de funcionamiento y comunicación familiar y el consumo de sustancias de los adolescentes. Con este objetivo, 431 chicos y chicas de 15 a 17

  20. SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    146 SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology MA (Single Honours Degree) Social Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art History Classical Studies the majority of the course deals with the first-named subject: Economics with Social Anthropology Geography

  1. Social Indicators and Social Forecasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Denis F.

    The paper identifies major types of social indicators and explains how they can be used in social forecasting. Social indicators are defined as statistical measures relating to major areas of social concern and/or individual well being. Examples of social indicators are projections, forecasts, outlook statements, time-series statistics, and…

  2. Efectos de las fusiones sobre el mercado financiero colombiano

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dairo Estrada

    2005-01-01

    Este trabajo examina los efectos de las fusiones en el sistema ban- cario sobre la eficiencia del sistema y los precios. Se encuentra que los bancos que han atravesado procesos de fusiones pueden experimentar mejoras en los indices de eficiencia en beneficios. Estas mejoras en eficiencia fueron superiores para aquellos bancos que presentaban rankings de eficiencia más bajos antes de

  3. social media social media

    E-print Network

    Lin, Xiaodong

    networks podcasts internet forums photo/ video Sharing blogs/ vlogs mobile apps social book- marks wikis mobile views daily #12;try this...follow & listen inspire @corybooker @deepakchopra @redcross;innovations #12;innovations #12;mobile innovations #12;innovations #12;innovations #12;innovations #12

  4. Social media and social reality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William N. Reynolds; Marta S. Weber; Robert M. Farber; Courtney D. Corley; Andrew J. Cowell; Michelle L. Gregory

    2010-01-01

    Social Media provide an exciting and novel view into social phenomena. The vast amounts of data that can be gathered from the Internet coupled with massively parallel supercomputers such as the Cray XMT open new vistas for research. Conclusions drawn from such analysis must recognize that social media are distinct from the underlying social reality. Rigorous validation is essential. This

  5. PROGRAMA PARA LA VERIFICACION DE LA TECNOLOGIA AMBIENTAL - CULTIVANDO ASOCIACIONES PARA EL INCREMENTO DE LAS SELECCIONES DE TECNOLOGIAS AMBIENTALES A LOS SECTORES PUBLICO Y PRIVADO EN LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS Y EN EL EXTERIOR (EPA/600/F-97/005A)

    EPA Science Inventory

    La meta del ETV es verificar, a travs de una evaluacin de informacin objectiva y de calidad, las caracteristicas del desempeo de tecnologas comerciales ambientales. As el ETV proporciona a los compradores y los licenciadores potenciales una valoracin imparcial y creble d...

  6. Efectos del control cambiario en la actividad turística. Caso Venezuela

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2007-01-01

    RESUMEN El 2 de diciembre de 2002, las reservas internacionales de Venezuela ascendían a US$12.447 millones y el 31 de diciembre del mismo año cayeron a US$11.873 millones. En consecuencia, el Gobierno estableció un régimen de control cambiario y creó la Comisión de Administración de Divisas. En este artículo se estudian los efectos de esta medida en el sector turístico,

  7. Social Work and Applied Social Studies

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate 1 #12;www.bath.ac.uk/sps Undergraduate Social Work and Applied Social Studies What is Social Work? `The social work profession promotes social change' (International Federation of Social Workers, 2000) Social work is an exceptionally interesting, challenging

  8. Social Explorer

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Social Explorer

    Social Explorer provides quick and easy access to current and historical census data and demographic information. The easy-to-use web interface lets users create maps and reports to illustrate, analyze, and understand demography and social change.

  9. Social Change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mikaila Mariel Lemonik Arthur

    2012-01-01

    The study of social change has long been one of the central interests in sociology. Social Change is a brand-new, full-color resource that considers the various ways in which society and social life change over time, including the development of modernity, urbanization, environmental change, demographic change, and the role of new technologies. Special attention is given to the role of

  10. Determinantes del crecimiento de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero en España (1990-2007)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vicent Alcantara Escolano; Emilio Padilla Rosa

    2009-01-01

    La evolución de los gases de efecto invernadero en España se está distanciando notablemente del objetivo marcado por el Protocolo de Kyoto. En el presente trabajo se analizan los diferentes factores que han contribuido al importante aumento experimentado en las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero provenientes del consumo de energía en España en el período 1990-2007. La metodología de

  11. Social Work and Applied Social Studies

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Social Work and Applied Social Studies Undergraduate #12;Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences 2, social policy, international development and social work. Many of our staff are at the forefront Guide 2015, for example, social work at Bath is ranked 1st, sociology 2nd, social policy 3rd. Bath

  12. of Social Work and Social Policy

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    School of Social Work and Social Policy School M.Sc. in Disability Studies #12;The M and benefit from the input of the different academic centres involved in the M.Sc. including: Social Work Dublin) School of Social Work and Social Policy School of Social Work and Social Policy #12;Two options

  13. Whither Socialism?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph E. Stiglitz

    The rapid collapse of socialism has raised new economic policy questions and revived old theoretical issues. In this book, Joseph Stiglitz explains how the neoclassical, or Walrasian model (the formal articulation of Adam Smith's invisible hand), which has dominated economic thought over the past half century, may have wrongly encouraged the belief that market socialism could work. Stiglitz proposes an

  14. Social Indicators

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bolton, Paul.

    The House of Commons Library Research Papers are published for the benefit of Parliament members, but this one should be of interest to both researchers and general readers wanting to learn more about contemporary British social issues. Social Indicators is the first paper in a new series that will be published three times a year. The 71-page paper includes a wide range of topic pages that present social statistics on a variety of issues, from the prison population to defense expenses to agricultural outputs. Each Social Indicator paper will also offer feature articles that give a closer look at specific subjects (in this instance,, election turnout and adult literacy) and an article on statistical sources for a particular issue (in this paper, social security statistics). The last few pages are devoted to a list of important, recent governmental statistical publications.

  15. SOCIAL NETWORKS, SOCIAL CAPITAL AND

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tjip de Jong

    This paper presents a theoretical framework on the relationship between social networks, social capital and knowledge productivity within organizations. In our knowledge economy, the competitive advantage of organisations relies on the capability to adapt to the changing environment by the continuous generation and application of new knowledge (Harrison & Kessels, 2004 p. 3). This specific capability is described as knowledge

  16. Social Change

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created and maintained by Gene Shackman, who holds a PhD in sociology from SUNY Albany, this Website serves as a directory of annotated links for scholarship and resources in the area of social change. Included here are links to theory, research, data sources, social history sites, national profiles, bibliographies and syllabi, gateways, and pertinent organizations. The author has also posted an essay offering a summary of theories of social change. The links are credible and frequently updated; the annotations, clear and concise.

  17. Social perception and social skill in schizophrenia.

    PubMed

    Ihnen, G H; Penn, D L; Corrigan, P W; Martin, J

    1998-09-21

    The relationship of social perception to social skill in schizophrenia was investigated. Twenty-six outpatients completed three social perception tasks (i.e. facial affect recognition, social cue recognition, and self-ratings of social skill) and participated in two role-plays. Correlational analyses revealed that the self-ratings of social skill had the most consistent relationship with social skill among the social perception measures, even after controlling for symptomatology and subject demographics. Other measures of social perception (i.e. social cue recognition) had weaker relationships with social skills. Implications for future research and psychosocial interventions are discussed. PMID:9796943

  18. Social Pollution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esser, Aristide Henri

    1971-01-01

    Social pollution provides the matrix for the pollution of the physical environment. This stems from man's present inability to function synergistically. To find new freedoms in purposeful evolution, we will have to start cleansing our Mind. (Author/SD)

  19. Uncovering Social Spammers: Social Honeypots + Machine Learning

    E-print Network

    Caverlee, James

    and behavioral sciences General Terms: Design, Experimentation, Security Keywords: social media, social honeypots social features ­ from Web-based social net- works (e.g., Facebook, MySpace) to online social media sites). These social systems have attracted a tremendous amount of media and research interest [1, 10, 18]. Permission

  20. Social Capital in Online Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Przemyslaw Kazienko; Katarzyna Musial

    2006-01-01

    The problem of social capital in context of the online social networks is presented in the paper. Not only the specific elements, which characterize the single person and influence the individual's social capital like static social capi- tal, activity component, and social position, but also the ways of stimulation of the social capital are described.

  1. Social Work 0 -1 Social Work Today

    E-print Network

    Jones, Graeme A.

    School of Social Work #12;Contents 0 - 1 Social Work Today 2 - 3 The World of Social Work 4 - 11 standards that govern their social work practice. Typical service users include: G Children and families people with health and social care needs. Social work is difficult and challenging: it demands maturity

  2. Social orders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norman Schofield

    2010-01-01

    This review discusses the stability of social orders in light of the recent work Violence and Social Orders by Douglass North, John Wallis and Barry Weingast (hereafter NWW). The purpose of this book was to understand the two great\\u000a transitions that have occurred in human society. The first, the agricultural revolution, resulted in a transition from hunter–gather society to what

  3. EFECTOS DE LA MORFINA Y EL HALOPERIDOL SOBRE LA CONDUCTA AGONÍSTICA EN RATONES MACHO

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marta Rodríguez-Arias; José Miñarro López

    1996-01-01

    La morfina y el haloperidol son considerados fármacos antiagresivos, existien- do numerosas evidencias de que el sistema dopaminérgico media muchos efectos de los opiáceos, especialmente sus acciones reforzantes. En este estudio se compara el efecto que sobre la conducta agresiva, utilizando el modelo de agresión inducida por aislamiento, presentan dosis bajas tanto de haloperidol (0.1 mg\\/kg) como de morfina (1.25

  4. College of Social Work SW Social Work

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    College of Social Work SW Social Work KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped) Introduction to social welfare concepts and philosophies. Examination of the profession of social work and its will be studied. Required of social work majors and recommended it be taken the first year. SW 222 DEVELOPMENT

  5. Socials Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raths, David

    2013-01-01

    Eric Sheninger, the principal at New Milford High School in Bergen County, NJ, is well-known in ed tech circles as an evangelist for the use of web 2.0 tools in K-12 education. New Milford has made collaboration a pillar of its educational platform, and Sheninger believes that social media helps students learn how to collaborate. In fact, he…

  6. Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bieber, Edward

    The product of a Special Studies Institute, this teacher developed resource guide for the emotionally handicapped (K-6) presents social study concepts and activities relative to education in the urban out-of-doors. Focus is on the study of man (past, present, and future) interacting with his environment. Listed below are activity examples: (1)…

  7. Social Hosting

    MedlinePLUS

    Do you know the social hosting laws in your state? One often hears parents say, "I’d rather have my kid and his friends drinking in my house rather ... about allowing underage drinking? And what does the law say about parents’ legal liability if an underage ...

  8. ``Victorian Socialism''

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. G. Wells

    1940-01-01

    IN a very interesting essay entitled ``Victorian Socialism'' which Dean Inge contributed to NATURE of January 13 as if it were a review of my ``New World Order'', he makes certain statements for which I think it is reasonable to demand documentation. He says that the Nationalists (that is, the Franco rebels) took arms ``against those devils in human shape,

  9. Social medicine and social policy.

    PubMed Central

    Silver, G. A.

    1984-01-01

    Social medicine as a term has achieved acceptance in medical education and medical practice, although there is still some question as to its acceptance in reality. The term had its origin in the vigorous nineteenth-century efforts at both medical and social reform, combining the two in a recognition of the intimate connection between social factors and the causation of disease. Henry Ernest Sigerist, a Swiss physician and noted scholar of medical history, formulated the broadest concept in the 1930s, attracting students and a latent American reform movement toward the idea of restructuring medical education as one part of social reform, and indicating ways of restructuring medical practice as another element in improving medical care at the same time. In addition to promulgating the doctrine, he established the policy of examining and describing systems of medical education and medical care in other parts of the world, not only to assist in improving medical care in countries with well-organized systems, but to assist countries with poor resources and lesser organizational capability in meeting the goals of social medicine. Doubt as to the durability of the concept has been expressed, insofar as the recommended improvements have lagged behind the expression, and because so many changes have taken place in the nature of medical practice, medical discoveries, and advances in technology. A closer examination of Sigerist's writings on the subject and evaluation of the circumstances around present-day problems would seem to indicate that the flaw is not in the doctrine, but in the lack of social application. PMID:6537694

  10. Social Goals, Social Behavior, and Social Status in Middle Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodkin, Philip C.; Ryan, Allison M.; Jamison, Rhonda; Wilson, Travis

    2013-01-01

    This study examines motivational precursors of social status and the applicability of a dual-component model of social competence to middle childhood. Concurrent and longitudinal relationships between self-reported social goals (social development, demonstration-approach, demonstration-avoid goal orientations), teacher-rated prosocial and…

  11. Connectibles : tangible social networking

    E-print Network

    Kalanithi, Jeevan James

    2007-01-01

    This thesis presents "Connectibles," an instantiation of a tangible social network, a new type of social network application rooted in physical objects and real world social behavior. This research is inspired by social ...

  12. Social Watch

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1995, Social Watch was first established to provide a global platform for non-governmental organizations to monitor and promote the effective implementation of the commitments made by national governments during the United Nations World Summit on Social Development. Since that time, the group's work has continued in the areas of monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality and users with interests in these areas will appreciate both the organization's annual report (available from the homepage) and its country-by-country reports. One very well-developed interactive graphic feature is the development indicator section of the site. Here, visitors can view representations of such indicators as female adult literacy, deforestation, and fertility across the globe, along with discrete data from each country. Additionally, many of the materials offered here are available in Spanish as well.

  13. Social Geography

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The open-access journal "Social Geography" is primarily concerned with "the interrelation of society, practice and space and its implications for every day-life, social and environmental policy or economic practice." The journal was started in 2005, and visitors with an interest in human geography or sociology will appreciate their offerings. Users can start by reading through the "General Information" section, then looking over their submission guidelines. After that, visitors will want to click on over to the "Online Library SG" area, where they can read final papers and also search all of the submitted papers by title and author. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive email alerts and RSS feeds.

  14. 9Social Endocrinology Hormones and Social Motivation

    E-print Network

    Josephs, Robert

    understanding of human social functioning. In his 1967 book titled The Biological Basis of Personality behavior, such as paren- tal care, social bonding, and monogamy (Bartz & Hollander, 2006). It has also been and social behavior in humans. The past five years in particular have shown incredible growth in social

  15. Social Work Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work Social work engages with individuals, families, communities and societies to improve and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork A Bachelor of Social Work degree can lead to careers and advocacy associations. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

  16. Social work BA (Hons) in Social Work

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Social work Essentials Course BA (Hons) in Social Work (3 years full time. Part-time route, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited to contact the admissions tutor their basic IT competence and their personal suitability to enter the social work profession in line

  17. Social Awareness Concepts to Support Social Computing

    E-print Network

    Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

    to lack a critical element. This paper identifies social concepts that need to be supported by future with the view to support and enhance social interactions. The social concepts identified in this paper could or enhance social interactions. They also could be used in virtual communities modeling where the awareness

  18. Research Report Toward socially inspired social neuroscience

    E-print Network

    Todorov, Alex

    to develop a neural model of social cognition was largely divorced from research in social psychology of social cognition processes using brain imaging were inspired by developmental psychology and not social developmental findings was that children become able to represent the states of other minds at about age of 4

  19. Modelo analítico del efecto de PRS sobre satélites GPS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meza, A.; Brunini, C.; Usandivaras, J. C.

    El sistema GPS (Global Position System) es, hoy en día, la herramienta de navegación y posicionamiento más potente y lo será sin duda en la próxima década. Gran parte de su valiosa utilidad se debe a la alta precisión que permite lograr y ésta, a su vez, depende, entre otras causas, de la precisión con que se conocen las órbitas de los satélites. La presión de radiación solar (PRS) fija el límite de la precisión con que pueden calcularse en la actualidad las efemérides satelitarias. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer una mejor resolución de este fenómeno. El modelo analítico aquí presentado, se basa en el análisis del comportamiento de los residuos de un ajuste por mínimos cuadrados en el que se utiliza el modelo de PRS propuesto por Beutler. El mismo consiste en un modelo determinista del fenómeno con dos parámetros libres. Los resultados obtenidos ponen de manifiesto que, aún después de aplicar dichos parámetros, prevalecen en los residuos efectos semidiurnos en las componentes radial,tangencial y normal. Estos resultados obtenidos se comparan con los de un trabajo desarrollado por el Instituto de Berne (Beutler et al., 1994), en el que se utilizaron como pseudo-observaciones las órbitas precisas del IGS (CODE). El intervalo de integración escogido por este centro fueron las semanas 680 y 681. En resumen se tienen arcos de 14 días para todos los satélites, donde las efemérides precisas de los mismos para los 14 días fueron utilizados como pseudo-observaciones. El modelo de fuerza que empleó dicho centro fue básicamente el tradicional en lo que respecta al modelo de las fuerzas gravitacionales, y para la PRS utilizo el modelo standard de Beutler. Los parámetros de este modelo junto con las 6 condiciones iniciales (posición y velocidad) fueron ajustados por el método general de mínimos cuadrados. Los residuos en la componente radial, tangencial y normal, para los satélites con un buen comportamiento, presentan una componente semidiurna. El modelo analítico planteado en este trabajo, predice el comportamiento de los residuos que se observan en las publicaciones más recientes. Esto abre el camino para plantear una estimación distinta de las incógnitas del problema, basado en el método de colocación por mínimos cuadrados. Ello requiere modelar estadísticamente la señal debida a las componentes de la PRS que no son tomadas en cuenta en el modelo determinista.

  20. Religious Education and Socialization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeer, Paul

    2010-01-01

    This article considers Religious Education (RE) from the perspective of socialization theory. After clarifying the concept of socialization, an understanding of socialization processes, requiring the simultaneous development of both a personal and a social identity, is linked with RE. The development of both a personal and a social identity calls…

  1. & social sciences Postgraduatecourses

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    .S.W.) 104 M.Sc. Courses 105 Applied Social Research 105 Child Protection and Welfare 106 Drug and Alcohol Policy 107 M.Phil. Courses 108 Social Work Research 108 Postgraduate Diplomas 109 Child Protection, Conflict 101 SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL POLICY 102 Named Degree Courses 104 Master in Social Work (M

  2. Understanding Social Entrepreneurship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harding, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    The importance of social entrepreneurship in social, cultural and economic terms is increasingly acknowledged. Drawing on data from the second Social Entrepreneurship Monitor report published by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) UK project, this article focuses on the social entrepreneurs who may grow the social enterprises of the future.…

  3. Socialization of social anxiety in adolescent crowds.

    PubMed

    Van Zalk, Nejra; Van Zalk, Maarten Herman Walter; Kerr, Margaret

    2011-11-01

    In this study, we looked at whether social anxiety is socialized, or influenced by peers' social anxiety, more in some peer crowds than others. Adolescents in crowds with eye-catching appearances such as Goths and Punks (here termed Radical), were compared with three comparison groups. Using data from 796 adolescents (353 girls and 443 boys; M ( age )?=?13.36) at three timepoints, the results show that adolescents affiliating with the Radical crowd tended to select peers from the same crowd group. Being a member of a crowd in itself did not predict socialization of social anxiety, but adolescents in the Radical crowd were more influenced by their peers' social anxiety than adolescents who did not affiliate with the Radical crowd group. The results suggest that through a bidirectional process, adolescents affiliating with Radical crowds may narrow their peer relationship ties in time, and in turn socialize each other's social anxiety. PMID:21695445

  4. Asimetría hemisférica en el reconocimiento de palabras: efectos de frecuencia e imaginabilidad

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Asunción Monsalv; Fernando Cuetos

    2001-01-01

    Aunque el hemisferio cer ebral izquier do es el principal responsable del pr ocesamiento del lenguaje, desde hace algunos años se sabe que el hemisferio derecho también posee ciertas capacidades lingüís- ticas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comprobar el efecto de dos variables sumamente importantes en el reconocimiento de palabras, como son la frecuencia de uso y la ima

  5. El efecto de China en el comercio internacional de América Latina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    claudio E. Montenegro; Mariana Pereira; Isdro Soloaga

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo presenta, a través de modelos gravitacionales y mediante una correcta definición de qué se entiende por oportunidades perdidas, un análisis de los flujos agregados de comercio con el fin de identificar los efectos de China sobre el comercio de América Latina. Los resultados obtenidos indican que no es posible hablar de oportunidades perdidas en el mercado chino para

  6. El efecto de China en el comercio internacional de América Latina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudio E. Montenegro; Mariana Pereira; Isidro Soloaga

    Haciendo uso de modelos gravitacionales, se analizan los flujos agregados de comercio con el fin de identificar los efectos de China sobre el comercio de América Latina. Entre las principales conclusiones se encuentran las siguientes: i) El crecimiento del mercado chino no fue desaprovechado por los países de América Latina; ii) A nivel agregado no se encontró que las importaciones

  7. Social media platforms for social good

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sabrina Bresciani; Andreas Schmeil

    2012-01-01

    The disruptive potential of social media in generating participation and networking has been readily exploited by marketers and politicians. The power of these digital networks can be used by individuals and groups for good causes, to have a positive impact on the society at large. Social media platforms are starting to be used by citizens for promoting social causes, creating

  8. Social Projection Can Solve Social Dilemmas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joachim I. Krueger; Theresa E. DiDonato; David Freestone

    2012-01-01

    Evidence for cooperation in social dilemmas is empirically robust, socially desirable, and theoretically controversial. We review theoretical positions offering normative or descriptive accounts for cooperation and note the scarcity of critical tests among them. We then introduce a modified prisoner's dilemma to perform a critical test of the social projection hypothesis. According to this hypothesis, people cooperate inasmuch as they

  9. Social goals, social behavior, and social status in middle childhood.

    PubMed

    Rodkin, Philip C; Ryan, Allison M; Jamison, Rhonda; Wilson, Travis

    2013-06-01

    This study examines motivational precursors of social status and the applicability of a dual-component model of social competence to middle childhood. Concurrent and longitudinal relationships between self-reported social goals (social development, demonstration-approach, demonstration-avoid goal orientations), teacher-rated prosocial and aggressive behavior, and peer nominations of social status (preference, popularity) were examined over the course of an academic year among 980 3rd- to 5th-grade children. Findings support dual-component expectations. Confirmatory factor analyses verified the expected 3-factor structure of social goals and 2-factor structure of social status. Structural equation modeling (SEM) found that (a) social development goals were associated with prosocial behavior and increased preference, and (b) demonstration-approach goals were associated with aggressive behavior and increased popularity. Demonstration-avoid goals were associated with a popularity decrease. SEMs were invariant across grade, gender, and ethnicity. Discussion concerns the potential risks of high social status, extensions to the dual-component model, and the generality of an achievement goal approach to child social development. PMID:22822934

  10. Social Inequalities, Social Capital, and Health of Canadians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Reza Nakhaie; LISA K. SMYLIE; ROBERT ARNOLD

    2007-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that social inequality affects public health. Social capital theory has shown that social exchange, social contacts, and social support are also important. We test social inequality and social capital, using the data from the National Population Health Survey, 1996-7. We find weak support for capital theory and show that effects often depend on measures of social capital

  11. Psychology 410 Social Neuroscience

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    of Cacioppo 1992. Class 1: T 7/24 ­ historical perspective, methods in social neuroscience, neuroanatomy, neuroanatomy (briefly), discussion of Lieberman 2007. Class 3: R 7/26 ­ social neuroscience at UO, social Decision-making, Neuroeconomics, `pains and pleasures of social life' Class 6: W 8/1 ­ Dissection 1 due

  12. Social media Introduction

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Social media guidelines #12;Introduction Social networking tools and media sites are two social media can provide a rich experience for collaboration and the sharing of knowledge, ideas will help ensure that your programs social media align with the U of S position and best practices

  13. Signals in Social Supernets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith Donath

    2007-01-01

    Social network sites (SNSs) provide a new way to organize and navigate an egocentric social network. Are they a fad, briefly popular but ultimately useless? Or are they the harbingers of a new and more powerful social world, where the ability to maintain an immense network - a social \\

  14. Social Insect Networks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer Fewell (Arizona State University; School of Life Sciences)

    2003-09-26

    Social insect colonies have many of the properties of adaptive networks. The simple rules governing how local interactions among individuals translate into group behaviors are found across social groups, giving social insects the potential to have a profound impact on our understanding of the interplay between network dynamics and social evolution.

  15. Counseling and Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunsaker, Robert C.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author expands on "The Scandal of Social Work Education," a National Association of Scholars study documenting the commitment to left-wing "social justice" in social work programs at ten major public institutions. He presents a critical exploration of social justice ideology in academic and professional mental health training…

  16. motivations modeling social structure

    E-print Network

    Zollman, Kevin

    diversity outline 1 motivations peptic ulcer disease bandit problems social structure 2 modeling social of Transient Diversity #12;motivations modeling social structure transient diversity peptic ulcer disease bandit problems social structure peptic ulcer disease Two nineteenth century theories about peptic ulcer

  17. Genes and Social Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Robinson, Gene E.; Fernald, Russell D.; Clayton, David F.

    2011-01-01

    What specific genes and regulatory sequences contribute to the organization and functioning of brain circuits that support social behavior? How does social experience interact with information in the genome to modulate these brain circuits? Here we address these questions by highlighting progress that has been made in identifying and understanding two key “vectors of influence” that link genes, brain, and social behavior: 1) social information alters gene readout in the brain to influence behavior; and 2) genetic variation influences brain function and social behavior. We also briefly discuss how evolutionary changes in genomic elements influence social behavior and outline prospects for a systems biology of social behavior. PMID:18988841

  18. What is social about social perception research?

    PubMed Central

    Teufel, Christoph; von dem Hagen, Elisabeth; Plaisted-Grant, Kate C.; Edmonds, James J.; Ayorinde, John O.; Fletcher, Paul C.; Davis, Greg

    2012-01-01

    A growing consensus in social cognitive neuroscience holds that large portions of the primate visual brain are dedicated to the processing of social information, i.e., to those aspects of stimuli that are usually encountered in social interactions such as others' facial expressions, actions, and symbols. Yet, studies of social perception have mostly employed simple pictorial representations of conspecifics. These stimuli are social only in the restricted sense that they physically resemble objects with which the observer would typically interact. In an equally important sense, however, these stimuli might be regarded as “non-social”: the observer knows that they are viewing pictures and might therefore not attribute current mental states to the stimuli or might do so in a qualitatively different way than in a real social interaction. Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of such higher-order conceptualization of the stimulus for social perceptual processing. Here, we assess the similarity between the various types of stimuli used in the laboratory and object classes encountered in real social interactions. We distinguish two different levels at which experimental stimuli can match social stimuli as encountered in everyday social settings: (1) the extent to which a stimulus' physical properties resemble those typically encountered in social interactions and (2) the higher-level conceptualization of the stimulus as indicating another person's mental states. We illustrate the significance of this distinction for social perception research and report new empirical evidence further highlighting the importance of mental state attribution for perceptual processing. Finally, we discuss the potential of this approach to inform studies of clinical conditions such as autism. PMID:23355814

  19. Uncovering social spammers: social honeypots + machine learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyumin Lee; James Caverlee; Steve Webb

    2010-01-01

    Web-based social systems enable new community-based opportunities for participants to engage, share, and interact. This community value and related services like search and advertising are threatened by spammers, content polluters, and malware disseminators. In an effort to preserve community value and ensure longterm success, we propose and evaluate a honeypot-based approach for uncovering social spammers in online social systems. Two

  20. Parental Socialization of Emotion

    PubMed Central

    Cumberland, Amanda; Spinrad, Tracy L.

    2006-01-01

    Recently, there has been a resurgence of research on emotion, including the socialization of emotion. In this article, a heuristic model of factors contributing to the socialization of emotion is presented. Then literature relevant to the socialization of children’s emotion and emotion-related behavior by parents is reviewed, including (a) parental reactions to children’s emotions, (b) socializers’ discussion of emotion, and (c) socializers’ expression of emotion. The relevant literature is not conclusive and most of the research is correlational. However, the existing body of data provides initial support for the view that parental socialization practices have effects on children’s emotional and social competence and that the socialization process is bidirectional. In particular, parental negative emotionality and negative reactions to children’s expression of emotion are associated with children’s negative emotionality and low social competence. In addition, possible moderators of effects such as level of emotional arousal are discussed. PMID:16865170

  1. Social Security: Cato Institute

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Social Security Privatization is a web site developed by the Cato Institute that argues for privatizing Social Security to prevent future insolvency. The Social Security system currently collects more in taxes than benefits paid out, with the excess held in the Trust Fund. But this is expected to change in 2014 when the baby boomers and increased longevity of retirees is likely to result in benefits exceeding taxes collected. By 2031, the Trust Fund is expected to be exhausted. Suggestions for reforming Social Security include minor changes to the eligibility requirement or tax rates, allowing part of Social Security contributions to be invested freely, and totally privatizing Social Security.

  2. "The Social Responsibility of the Social Scientist."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Bernard C.

    Although social scientists are often adjured to become more "scientific," they might well remember a phenomenon described by Arthur Lovejoy as "metaphysical pathos" or the set of sentiments with which every theory is associated and which are congruent with the mood or deep lying sentiment of its adherents. Examples from the past include the Social

  3. Sharing Social Recommendations: Towards a Social Portal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tim Mansfield; Nigel Ward; Markus Rittenbruch; Gregor Mcewan; José Siqueira; Anthony Wilkinson

    2002-01-01

    The Information Ecology project at DSTC is constructing a Social Portal. This article explains what we mean by a Social Portal,\\u000a what user needs we believe we are serving by building one, what research goals we think we are serving and how we intend to\\u000a go about it.

  4. The Social Cognitions of Socially Withdrawn Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichmann, Cherami; Coplan, Robert J.; Daniels, Tina

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the social cognitions of peer-identified socially withdrawn children. Participants included 457 children from grades four, five and six (54% females, 46% males). Children completed a selection of self- and peer-report measures including: (1) peer-rated behavioral nominations; (2) hostile intent biases and…

  5. Professional social networking.

    PubMed

    Rowley, Robert D

    2014-12-01

    We review the current state of social communication between healthcare professionals, the role of consumer social networking, and some emerging technologies to address the gaps. In particular, the review covers (1) the current state of loose social networking for continuing medical education (CME) and other broadcast information dissemination; (2) social networking for business promotion; (3) social networking for peer collaboration, including simple communication as well as more robust data-centered collaboration around patient care; and (4) engaging patients on social platforms, including integrating consumer-originated data into the mix of healthcare data. We will see how, as the nature of healthcare delivery moves from the institution-centric way of tradition to a more social and networked ambulatory pattern that we see emerging today, the nature of health IT has also moved from enterprise-centric systems to more socially networked, cloud-based options. PMID:25308391

  6. Social networking in vehicles

    E-print Network

    Liang, Philip Angus

    2006-01-01

    In-vehicle, location-aware, socially aware telematic systems, known as Flossers, stand to revolutionize vehicles, and how their drivers interact with their physical and social worlds. With Flossers, users can broadcast and ...

  7. Ottawa, Canada Social Work

    E-print Network

    settings. Our students have had placements in a variety of organizations including: hospitals; child of studies, you will take Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare (SOWK 1000), an introductory course in which you will explore the relationship between social welfare and Canadian society. You will also

  8. Social Skills Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington, Charles W., Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This theme issue for people working in the field of adult literacy focuses on the impact of learning disabilities (LD) on an adult's social skills. It explores various social, emotional, and daily living concerns which adults with learning disabilities may face. The following articles are included: (1) "Social Skills and Adults with Learning…

  9. Education in Social Movements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeJeune, Deidre; Paulston, Rolland G.

    The contribution of education to social protest movements within the United States and Canada is analyzed. The purpose of the study was to call attention to educational programs which have succeeded in facilitating social change. The method used was evaluation of advantages and limitations of education through case studies of 28 social movements.…

  10. Socialism and libertarianism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Mclaverty

    2005-01-01

    In this article, I attempt to define the concepts of socialism and libertarianism. While recognising that the meaning of socialism has developed over time and is not set in stone, and after outlining the ways in which a number of writers have defined socialism, I argue that key socialist values are incompatible with libertarianism, the core feature of which, I

  11. SOCIAL INSECT PHEROMONES

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Social insects include the social Hymenoptera (Formicidae, ants; Apidae, bees; Vespidae, wasps) and Isoptera (Termitidae, termites). Social interactions are required for effective food retrieval, brood and queen care, regulation of caste (sexuals/workers), recognition and exclusion of non-nestmates,...

  12. Social Media. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    The growing use of social media by students and adults is impacting schools. A recent Pew study found that 73% of teens use social-networking sites to connect with others. Social media includes blogs, wikis, and podcasts as well as sites such as MySpace, Facebook, and Linkedin. While such sites promote connection with others, their use has created…

  13. Prediction and Social Systems

    E-print Network

    Danforth, Chris

    Measuring Happiness Songs Blogs Microblogs Presidents Frame 6/68 Social Systems: Black Swan Events http://amazon.com: Black Swan Events http://amazon.com unpredictable #12;Measuring Happiness Prediction and Social Systems Microblogs Presidents Frame 6/68 Social Systems: Black Swan Events http://amazon.com unpredictable carries

  14. Nanotechnology and Social Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandler, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    The central claims defended in this article are the following: (a) The social and ethical challenges of nanotechnology can be fully identified only if both the characteristic features of nanotechnologies and the social contexts into which they are emerging are considered. (b) When this is done, a host of significant social context issues, or…

  15. Social Psychology's "Racism."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roth, Byron M.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the following theories proposed by social psychologists to explain popular resistance to affirmative action strategies: (1) the naivete explanation; (2) the symbolic racism theory; and (3) the "realistic" group-conflict theory. Argues that social psychology ignores the public's perception of Blacks as members of a social underclass. (FMW)

  16. The social work ethic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Max Siporin

    1989-01-01

    The social work ethic expresses the task?functions of social work in our society. Social work practice is understood to be prominently a moral enterprise, helping people with moral conflicts and dilemmas. Trends in a commitment to the mental health and civil rights movements, as well as into entrepreneurial forms of practice, have had positive and negative consequences for the ethical

  17. Social Exclusion and Social Policy Research: Defi ning Exclusion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jane Millar

    This chapter examines recent social policy research on social exclusion, exploring the way in which the term has been conceptualized and defi ned. It discusses research on the mul- tidimensional measurement of social exclusion, on the process of social exclusion, and on the use of social indicators to monitor trends in social exclusion across countries over time. The empirical research

  18. Social Cognition and Social Anxiety among Icelandic Schoolchildren

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannesdottir, Dagmar Kr.; Ollendick, Thomas H.

    2007-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to examine relationships among social cognition, social anxiety, and social skills with friends and strangers in children. Ninety-two children (age 10-14 years) in Iceland completed questionnaires on social anxiety, social skills, assertiveness, self-efficacy, and outcome expectancy in social situations with…

  19. Human Social Genomics

    PubMed Central

    Cole, Steven W.

    2014-01-01

    A growing literature in human social genomics has begun to analyze how everyday life circumstances influence human gene expression. Social-environmental conditions such as urbanity, low socioeconomic status, social isolation, social threat, and low or unstable social status have been found to associate with differential expression of hundreds of gene transcripts in leukocytes and diseased tissues such as metastatic cancers. In leukocytes, diverse types of social adversity evoke a common conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) characterized by increased expression of proinflammatory genes and decreased expression of genes involved in innate antiviral responses and antibody synthesis. Mechanistic analyses have mapped the neural “social signal transduction” pathways that stimulate CTRA gene expression in response to social threat and may contribute to social gradients in health. Research has also begun to analyze the functional genomics of optimal health and thriving. Two emerging opportunities now stand to revolutionize our understanding of the everyday life of the human genome: network genomics analyses examining how systems-level capabilities emerge from groups of individual socially sensitive genomes and near-real-time transcriptional biofeedback to empirically optimize individual well-being in the context of the unique genetic, geographic, historical, developmental, and social contexts that jointly shape the transcriptional realization of our innate human genomic potential for thriving. PMID:25166010

  20. The Social Museum Collection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-01

    In the early decades of the twentieth century, a number of academics, social welfare advocates, and muckrakers became interested in the living conditions of recently arrived immigrants to the United States. One such person was Professor Francis Greenwood Peabody of Harvard University. In 1903, he founded the Social Museum, which was established "to promote investigations of modern social conditions and to direct the amelioration of industrial and social life." For the next thirty years, Peabody and his colleagues at the museum worked on assembling a large collection of photographs, publications and reports related to the international social reform movement. At this site, visitors can browse through the photograph collection, which includes themes such as "charity", "housing", and "education". Visitors will also want to browse through some of Peabody's own publications, including his influential work, "The Approach to the Social Question: An Introduction to the Study of Social Ethics".

  1. Wayfinding in Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liben-Nowell, David

    With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

  2. Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder): Always Embarrassed

    MedlinePLUS

    ... symptoms. The doctor may refer you to a mental health specialist. Social phobia is generally treated with psychotherapy, medication, or ... Revised 2013 Share Find Publications ... Phobia Related Information Browse Mental Health Topics About NIMH Publications En Español Esta página ...

  3. Psychopathology of social isolation

    PubMed Central

    Baek, Sang-Bin

    2014-01-01

    The most important defining factor of being human is the use of symbolic language. Language or communication problem occurs during the growth, the child will have a higher risk of social isolation and then the survival will be threatened constantly. Today, adolescents and youths are familiar with computer and smart-phone devices, and communication with others by these devices is easy than face-to-face communication. As adolescents and youths live in the comfortable and familiar cyber-world rather than actively participating real society, so they make social isolation. Extreme form of this isolation in adolescents and youths is so-called Socially Withdrawn Youth. In this study, the psychopathological factors inducing social isolation were discussed. Development stages of social isolation in relation with types of social isolation, Ego-syntonic isolation and Ego-dystonic isolation, were also considered. PMID:25061592

  4. How Social Movements Do Culture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William G. Roy

    2010-01-01

    While much social science literature has analyzed the cultural bases of social movement, activity, and the content of cultural\\u000a production by social movements, relatively little has been written about the concrete social relations within which social\\u000a movements do culture. This paper addresses the issue of what social movements are doing when they produce culture. Four dimensions\\u000a of social relations within

  5. Social Capital and Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ichiro Kawachi; S. V. Subramanian; Daniel Kim

    \\u000a Pick any current issue of a journal such as Social Science & Medicine or the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health and one is bound to see a featured article about social capital and health. Search on Pubmed for “social capital and health”,\\u000a and one sees over 27,500 articles listed (as of December 2006). Enter the same search term in

  6. Exploring social media relationships

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek L. Hansen

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate novel techniques for exploring relationship data extracted from social media sites for actionable insights by educators, researchers, and administrators. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper demonstrates how non-programmers can use NodeXL, an open source social network analysis tool built into Excel 2007\\/2010, to collect, analyze, and visualize network data from social media

  7. Social Science, Interdisciplinary Programs

    E-print Network

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    Social Science, Interdisciplinary Programs Sample Occupations Administrator Anthropologist/Translator Journalist Labor Relations Specialist Law Enforcement Worker Legislative Analyst/Aide Linguist Loan Officer Samaritans & Other Humanitarian Types

  8. The social dominance paradox.

    PubMed

    Cook, Jennifer Louise; den Ouden, Hanneke E M; Heyes, Cecilia M; Cools, Roshan

    2014-12-01

    Dominant individuals report high levels of self-sufficiency, self-esteem, and authoritarianism. The lay stereotype suggests that such individuals ignore information from others, preferring to make their own choices. However, the nonhuman animal literature presents a conflicting view, suggesting that dominant individuals are avid social learners, whereas subordinates focus on learning from private experience. Whether dominant humans are best characterized by the lay stereotype or the animal view is currently unknown. Here, we present a "social dominance paradox": using self-report scales and computerized tasks, we demonstrate that socially dominant people explicitly value independence, but, paradoxically, in a complex decision-making task, they show an enhanced reliance (relative to subordinate individuals) on social learning. More specifically, socially dominant people employed a strategy of copying other agents when the agents' responses had a history of being correct. However, in humans, two subtypes of dominance have been identified: aggressive and social. Aggressively dominant individuals, who are as likely to "get their own way" as socially dominant individuals but who do so through the use of aggressive or Machiavellian tactics, did not use social information, even when it was beneficial to do so. This paper presents the first study of dominance and social learning in humans and challenges the lay stereotype in which all dominant individuals ignore others' views. The more subtle perspective we offer could have important implications for decision making in both the boardroom and the classroom. PMID:25454588

  9. SocialCDN: Caching Techniques for Distributed Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Iftode, Liviu

    --Distributed online social networks (DOSN) have been proposed as an alternative to centralized Online Social Networks fusions of social and vehicular networks. I. INTRODUCTION Popular Online Social Networks (OSN and control of user generated data. In the case of centralized "Online Social Networking" sites, once personal

  10. SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE

    E-print Network

    SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE Steve Anderson, PhD Director, School of Social Work FOR THE PHD PROGRAM IN SOCIAL WORK ACADEMIC YEAR 2014-2015 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS WELCOME ................................................................. 4 B. Core Social Work Classes.................................................................... 5

  11. Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

  12. Social work What social work course is there?

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Social work Essentials What social work course is there? Social Work (3 years full time. Part your personal statement, in which we would expect explicit reference to social work You are invited, social work practitioners and service- user and carer representatives In line with appropriate national

  13. Faculty of Social Sciences School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Hammerton, Paul

    Faculty of Social Sciences School of Social Work Undergraduate and Postgraduate Courses #12;Contents 03 Welcome to the School of Social Work 04 Why Study with Us? Our Undergraduate Qualifying Course 06 BA Social Work 08 A Student's Experience Our Postgraduate Qualifying Course 10 MA Social Work 11

  14. School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work First Nations Specialization Purpose The First transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part-time program of studies using: Program Requirement SOCW 300-3 Communication Skills in Social Work Practice SOCW 301-3 Critical Social

  15. Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Women's Studies can lead Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America because it focuses on social

  16. Extensión del Formalismo de Orbitales de Defecto Cuántico al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menéndez, J. M.; Martín, I.; Velasco, A. M.

    El estudio experimental de las interacciones de átomos Rydberg altamente excitados con campos eléctricos ha experimentado un creciente interés durante las dos últimas décadas debido, en gran medida, al desarrollo de nuevas técnicas para crear y estudiar átomos Rydberg en el laboratorio. Acompañando a estas nuevas técnicas experimentales, es necesario el desarrollo de modelos teóricos que nos permitan contrastar sus medidas y conocer mejor los fundamentos de los mismos. Desde el punto de vista teórico el conocimiento del desdoblamiento de los niveles energéticos de un átomo en función de la magnitud del campo eléctrico aplicado (lo que se conoce como mapa Stark) es el mejor punto de partida para la descripción del sistema y un prerrequisito fundamental para el cálculo de distintas propiedades atómicas en presencia del campo eléctrico tales como intensidades de transición, umbrales de ionización de campo eléctrico, tiempos de vida, posición y anchura de cruces evitados, etc. En este trabajo presentamos la adaptación del método de orbitales de defecto cuántico [1,2,3] al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO) [4] y su aplicación al cálculo de los desdoblamientos energéticos y fuerzas de oscilador de estados Rydberg en los átomos de Li, Na y K. El propósito de este estudio es, por un lado, desarrollar métodos fiables para la determinación de propiedades atómicas en presencia de campos eléctricos y, por otro, mostrar la fiabilidad de las funciones de onda QDO en la descripción del efecto Stark en sistemas atómicos.

  17. Social Skills, Social Outcomes, and Cognitive Features of Childhood Social Phobia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan H. Spence; Caroline Donovan; Margaret Brechman-Toussaint

    1999-01-01

    Social skills, social outcomes, self-talk, outcome expectancies, and self-evaluation of performance during social-evaluative tasks were examined with 27 clinically diagnosed social phobic children ages 7–14 and a matched nonclinical group. Results showed that, compared with their nonanxious peers, social phobic children demonstrated lower expected performance and a higher level of negative self-talk on social-evaluative tasks. In addition, social phobic children

  18. Social Media Ad Metrics Definitions

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    Social Media Ad Metrics Definitions Released May 2009 #12;Social Media Metrics Definitions © 2008 & Social Media Committee. About the IAB's User-Generated Content & Social Media Committee: The User-Generated Content & Social Media Committee of the IAB is comprised of over 150 member companies dedicated to helping

  19. Sociale Media en Politie Bacheloropdracht

    E-print Network

    Vellekoop, Michel

    1 Sociale Media en Politie Bacheloropdracht Auteur: Raphaela Runge, s1098632 Faculteit of social media in society has the effect that almost every citizen is using it. Social media are both used in the private field, and the work field. Social media makes it possible to place. Social media makes it possible

  20. SOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin

    E-print Network

    PPortuNitieS Master of Social Work, Youth & Community Work Studies Master of Planning, Housing Policy, Env. Policy & Library Studies, Sociology, Social Policy careerS Professional Social Work Counselling Community WorkSOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin www.ucd.ie/acshs Social Work path Environmental Policy

  1. USC School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Rohs, Remo

    USC School of Social Work T he USC School of Social Work offers programs of study leading to the Master of Social Work (M.S.W.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in social work. These programs provide. The USC School of Social Work uses Virtual Iraq, a program developed by the USC Institute for Creative

  2. Social Work Patient & Family Services

    E-print Network

    Goldman, Steven A.

    Social Work and Patient & Family Services 601 Elmwood Avenue RM. 1-1450 P. O. Box 650 Rochester, NY Social Work office lo- cated? The Social Work office is located on the first floor of Strong Memorial Hospital, Rm. 1-1450 How do I get in touch with a social worker? The social work department is open Monday

  3. Interpersonal Consequences of Social Anxiety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erin A. Heerey; Ann M. Kring

    2007-01-01

    The behavioral manifestations of social anxiety may have implications for social outcomes. Unfortunately, little is known about how anxiety shapes social interaction. The present study examined social interactions in dyads consisting of either 2 nonsocially anxious (NSA) individuals or 1 socially anxious (SA) and 1 NSA individual. Behavior, self-reported affect, and perceptions were examined. In comparison with the interactions of

  4. Social Studies Resource Units.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bemiss, Clair W.

    Based on the premise that fundamental solutions to environmental problems must include social solutions, these three resource units are designed to study the interrelation of man and nature as part of the social studies curriculum. A series of inquiry questions are posed with the intent of stimulating students to find solutions to our…

  5. Social Networking? Secure Networking?

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    of social networking in the workplace A nurse be able to show a patient the best consumer education videosSocial Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12 profile for your personal friends vs. professional friends? · What kind of time management strategies do

  6. Explaining Social Constructivism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keaton, Shaughan A.; Bodie, Graham D.

    2011-01-01

    Many versions of social constructivism (SC) maintain that objects exist only after they enter communicative space. At one level an object's existence is determined through an individual's sensory perception; through communicative acts, both intra- and interpersonally, they are defined and eventually embody meaning. The social process of defining…

  7. Reinventing Social Work Accreditation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoesz, David; Karger, Howard J.

    2009-01-01

    Accreditation under the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) has contributed to the professional decline of social work. The lack of scholarship of the Board of Directors of CSWE compromises its decision making. The quality of the professional literature suffers from the weak scholarship of editors and referees. The caliber of deans and…

  8. Limits of social mobilization.

    PubMed

    Rutherford, Alex; Cebrian, Manuel; Dsouza, Sohan; Moro, Esteban; Pentland, Alex; Rahwan, Iyad

    2013-04-16

    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations over large geographies. Despite significant success, selection bias may lead to inflated expectations of the efficacy of social mobilization for these tasks. What are the limits of social mobilization, and how reliable is it in operating at these limits? We build on recent results on the spatiotemporal structure of social and information networks to elucidate the constraints they pose on social mobilization. We use the DARPA Network Challenge as our working scenario, in which social media were used to locate 10 balloons across the United States. We conduct high-resolution simulations for referral-based crowdsourcing and obtain a statistical characterization of the population recruited, geography covered, and time to completion. Our results demonstrate that the outcome is plausible without the presence of mass media but lies at the limit of what time-critical social mobilization can achieve. Success relies critically on highly connected individuals willing to mobilize people in distant locations, overcoming the local trapping of diffusion in highly dense areas. However, even under these highly favorable conditions, the risk of unsuccessful search remains significant. These findings have implications for the design of better incentive schemes for social mobilization. They also call for caution in estimating the reliability of this capability. PMID:23576719

  9. ARE SOCIAL CLASSES DYING?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terry Nichols Clark; Seymour Martin Lipset

    1991-01-01

    New forms of social stratification are emerging. Much of our thinking about stratification - from Marx, Weber, and others - must be recast to capture these new developments. Social class was the key theme of past stratification work. Yet class is an increasingly outmoded concept. Class stratification implies that people can be differentiated hierarchically on one or more criteria into

  10. Psychology 340 Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings and how individuals behave in social situations. I would like every person to come out of this class Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra

  11. Psychology 340 Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings situations. I would like every person to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer

  12. Lockean Social Epistemology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNulty, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Locke's reputation as a sceptic regarding testimony, and the resultant mockery by epistemologists with social inclinations, is well known. In particular Michael Welbourne, in his article "The Community of Knowledge" (1981), depicts Lockean epistemology as fundamentally opposed to a social conception of knowledge, claiming that he…

  13. Social Science: Course Proposal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Charles Gene

    A proposal is presented for a Community College of Philadelphia course surveying basic social science skills and information, including scientific method, map usage, evolution, native peoples, social groups, and U.S. Government. Following a standard cover form, a statement of purpose for the course indicates that it is designed to provide…

  14. Art as Social Concern

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodge, Stephanie

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author describes how her eleventh- and twelfth-grade portfolio class used art as a social concern through a sketchbook and a linoleum print. Students thumbed through copies of the "New York Times" to find an article that described a modern-day social concern. Students were assigned to choose an article, summarize it, and come…

  15. Imagining Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McArdle, Felicity; Knight, Linda; Stratigos, Tina

    2013-01-01

    This article examines how creativity and the arts can assist teachers who teach from a social justice perspective, and how knowledge built through meaningful experiences of difference can make a difference. Just as imagining is central to visual arts practice, so too is the capacity to imagine a necessity for social justice. The authors ask what…

  16. Limits of social mobilization

    PubMed Central

    Rutherford, Alex; Cebrian, Manuel; Dsouza, Sohan; Moro, Esteban; Pentland, Alex; Rahwan, Iyad

    2013-01-01

    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations over large geographies. Despite significant success, selection bias may lead to inflated expectations of the efficacy of social mobilization for these tasks. What are the limits of social mobilization, and how reliable is it in operating at these limits? We build on recent results on the spatiotemporal structure of social and information networks to elucidate the constraints they pose on social mobilization. We use the DARPA Network Challenge as our working scenario, in which social media were used to locate 10 balloons across the United States. We conduct high-resolution simulations for referral-based crowdsourcing and obtain a statistical characterization of the population recruited, geography covered, and time to completion. Our results demonstrate that the outcome is plausible without the presence of mass media but lies at the limit of what time-critical social mobilization can achieve. Success relies critically on highly connected individuals willing to mobilize people in distant locations, overcoming the local trapping of diffusion in highly dense areas. However, even under these highly favorable conditions, the risk of unsuccessful search remains significant. These findings have implications for the design of better incentive schemes for social mobilization. They also call for caution in estimating the reliability of this capability. PMID:23576719

  17. Oregon Social Sciences Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

    The study of the social sciences includes: history, civics, geography, and economics to prepare students for responsible citizenship. The Oregon state standards for social sciences sets out common curriculum goals, content standards, information for Benchmark 1 (grade three), Benchmark 2 (grade five), Benchmark 3 (grade eight), and Certificate of…

  18. Social problems in oncology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E P Wright; M A Kiely; P Lynch; A Cull; P J Selby

    2002-01-01

    A study was undertaken to describe, evaluate and categorise the social problems experienced by cancer patients. Ninety-six adult cancer patients at all stages of disease participated in either a telephone focus group discussion, a face to face focus group or an individual interview which were tape recorded and transcribed. Six experts analysed the transcripts. A total of 32 social problems

  19. Sizing Up Social Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Jerold

    2010-01-01

    Most people are aware of the increasing importance of social media to institutional advancement, and many colleges and universities have started investing resources in these media. The next step is to measure the impact of social media on the institution and evaluate the success of one's efforts. Every advancement leader should understand how…

  20. Building Social Media Connections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferriter, William N.; Ramsden, Jason T.; Sheninger, Eric C.

    2012-01-01

    Incorporating social media tools into your professional practices does not have to be intimidating as long as you are willing to tackle five action steps. It is far easier to articulate the strengths--and to imagine the possibilities--of social media spaces as tools for communication and professional development when you are actively using those…

  1. Artificiality in Social Sciences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Philippe Rennard

    2007-01-01

    This text provides with an introduction to the modern approach of artificiality and simulation in social sciences. It presents the relationship between complexity and artificiality, before introducing the field of artificial societies which greatly benefited from the computer power fast increase, gifting social sciences with formalization and experimentation tools previously owned by \\

  2. Social Action Art Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golub, Deborah

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores intersections among art, action, and community. It describes sociopolitical aspects of the author's art therapy work with survivors of repressive regimes living in Brazil, China, and Denmark and considers ways that unique historical and social processes influenced her conceptualization and practice of social action art therapy.

  3. Transmission of social attitudes.

    PubMed Central

    Martin, N G; Eaves, L J; Heath, A C; Jardine, R; Feingold, L M; Eysenck, H J

    1986-01-01

    Data gathered in Australia and England on the social attitudes of spouses and twins are largely consistent with a genetic model for family resemblance in social attitudes. There is substantial assortative mating and little evidence of vertical cultural inheritance. PMID:3459179

  4. Addressing Social Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoebel, Susan

    1991-01-01

    Maintains that advertising can help people become more aware of social responsibilities. Describes a successful nationwide newspaper advertising competition for college students in which ads address social issues such as literacy, drugs, teen suicide, and teen pregnancy. Notes how the ads have helped grassroots programs throughout the United…

  5. Diversity and Social Cohesion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pagani, Camilla

    2014-01-01

    The issue of diversity, in its broadest sense, is discussed here in its relation to social cohesion, cross-cultural relations, ingroup-outgroup relations and educational interventions. The main thesis of the paper is that real social cohesion in an ingroup rests on the acknowledgment of and the dialog with the diversities of the members of the…

  6. A Social Capital Index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzàlez-Aranguena, Enrique; Khmelnitskaya, Anna; Manuel, Conrado; del Pozo, Mónica

    2011-09-01

    We define an index of social capital using game-theoretical concepts. We assume that interests of individuals are presented by means of a cooperative game which take into account possible different players abilities whereas the network of relations is modeled by a graph. The social capital of each actor is then measured as the difference between his Myerson value and his Shapley value.

  7. Social Security and Retirement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Courtney C. Coile; Jonathan Gruber

    2000-01-01

    A critical question for Social Security policy is how program incentives affect retirement behavior. We use the wealth of new data available through the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) to examine the impact of Social Security incentives on male retirement. We implement forward-looking models of retirement whereby individuals consider not just the incentives to work in the next year but

  8. Social Security Money's Worth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Geanakoplos; Olivia S. Mitchell; Stephen P. Zeldes

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes how three money's worth measures - the benefit-to-tax ratio, the internal rate of return, and the net present value - are calculated and used in analyses of social security reforms, including systems with privately managed individual accounts invested in equities. Declining returns from the U.S. social security system prove to be the inevitable result of having instituted

  9. Social Aggression among Girls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Marion K.

    Noting recent interest in girls' social or "relational" aggression, this volume offers a balanced, scholarly analysis of scientific knowledge in this area. The book integrates current research on emotion regulation, gender, and peer relations, to examine how girls are socialized to experience and express anger and aggression from infancy through…

  10. Social Space: Philosophical Reflections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strauss, D. F. M.

    2009-01-01

    Our analysis of the phrase "social space" first of all concentrates on the modal or functional nature of the different aspects of reality, including the social and spatial aspects. Subsequently this leads to an analysis of the problem of modal analogies--one way in which an answer is given to the perennial philosophical problem concerning the…

  11. Social Marketing: Changingbehaviour

    E-print Network

    . It applies the principles of marketing to bring about changes in attitudes and behaviour for the social good with extensive experience in the design and delivery of impactful social marketing campaigns in marketing campaign development relevant to participant experience or work setting · Moving on PLUS a choice

  12. Cognitive and Social Values.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machamer, Peter; Douglas, Heather

    1999-01-01

    Criticizes Hugh Lacey's separation of cognitive values and social values in discussions of the nature of science. Claims that attempting to distinguish between cognitive and social ignores crucial complexities in the development and use of knowledge. Proposes that the proper distinction be between legitimate and illegitimate reasons in science as…

  13. Schooling and Social Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Byong-sung; And Others

    Until the 1960s schooling in Korea was looked upon quite favorably as a means of achieving equal social and economic opportunities. In the 1970s, however, many began to raise the question of whether the expansion of educational opportunities really did reduce social inequalities. This report discusses research that analyzes available evidence…

  14. Social Withdrawal in Childhood

    PubMed Central

    Rubin, Kenneth H.; Coplan, Robert J.; Bowker, Julie C.

    2013-01-01

    Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes, including socio-emotional difficulties (e.g., anxiety, low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and internalizing problems), peer difficulties (e.g., rejection, victimization, poor friendship quality), and school difficulties (e.g., poor-quality teacher-child relationships, academic difficulties, school avoidance). The goals of the current review are to (a) provide some definitional, theoretical, and methodological clarity to the complex array of terms and constructs previously employed in the study of social withdrawal; (b) examine the predictors, correlates, and consequences of child and early-adolescent social withdrawal; and (c) present a developmental framework describing pathways to and from social withdrawal in childhood. PMID:18851686

  15. SOCIAL WORK LICENSING EXAM

    E-print Network

    VandeVord, Pamela

    and discuss sample test questions. Topics that will be covered include: Practice Theory/Clinical Practice Therapeutic strategies DSM-IV-TR Social Work Ethics and Values Cultural Competence Theories and Concepts/lifespan development, social work ethics, and grief and loss reactions in individuals and families. She is a skilled

  16. Stop Social Network Pitfalls

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Michael

    2010-01-01

    Ask a group of teenagers how they spend their spare time and most will mention Facebook, YouTube, World of Warcraft, or Second Life – ‘virtual’ social networks that bring millions of people together online. The benefits of social networks have been touted but what about the pitfalls? Some teens will share everything about themselves to hundreds of online friends, most

  17. Social Policy Report, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This document is comprised of the four 2001 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. The topics featured in each of the issues are: (1) "Youth Civic Development: Implications of Research for Social Policy and Programs"…

  18. Historians and Social Values

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joep Leerssen; Ann Rigney

    2000-01-01

    Is historical scholarship compatible with commitment to social values? Do professional historians have particular social responsibilities and if so, how can they best exercise them? These are questions which are chronically open to debate in the light of changing historical circumstances and changing historical practices. In recent years, they have re-emerged as a result of a number of theoretical and

  19. Stanford Social Innovation Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Stanford Social Innovation Review is a magazine written "for and by social change leaders in the nonprofit, business, and government sectors who view collaboration as key to solving environmental, social, and economic justice issues." Visitors can look on the website for timely articles on nonprofit management, philanthropy, and global issues. The elegance of the homepage makes it quite easy to navigate and a handy search feature makes it easy to locate items of particular interest. A good deal of the content here is available at no charge and users can scroll on over to the Most Read Articles and Most Read Blog Posts to get an idea of where to start. Additionally, a number of webinars are available at no charge, such as the recent, "Data-Driven Strategy in the Social Sector." Visitors can also explore some podcasts that deal with social entrepreneurship and supply chain management.

  20. Measuring Online Social Bubbles

    E-print Network

    Nikolov, Dimitar; Flammini, Alessandro; Menczer, Filippo

    2015-01-01

    Social media have quickly become a prevalent channel to access information, spread ideas, and influence opinions. However, it has been suggested that social and algorithmic filtering may cause exposure to less diverse points of view, and even foster polarization and misinformation. Here we explore and validate this hypothesis quantitatively for the first time, at the collective and individual levels, by mining three massive datasets of web traffic, search logs, and Twitter posts. Our analysis shows that collectively, people access information from a significantly narrower spectrum of sources through social media and email, compared to search. The significance of this finding for individual exposure is revealed by investigating the relationship between the diversity of information sources experienced by users at the collective and individual level. There is a strong correlation between collective and individual diversity, supporting the notion that when we use social media we find ourselves inside "social bubb...

  1. Serotonin and Social Norms

    PubMed Central

    Bilderbeck, Amy C.; Brown, Gordon D. A.; Read, Judi; Woolrich, Mark; Cowen, Phillip J.; Behrens, Tim E. J.

    2014-01-01

    How do people sustain resources for the benefit of individuals and communities and avoid the tragedy of the commons, in which shared resources become exhausted? In the present study, we examined the role of serotonin activity and social norms in the management of depletable resources. Healthy adults, alongside social partners, completed a multiplayer resource-dilemma game in which they repeatedly harvested from a partially replenishable monetary resource. Dietary tryptophan depletion, leading to reduced serotonin activity, was associated with aggressive harvesting strategies and disrupted use of the social norms given by distributions of other players’ harvests. Tryptophan-depleted participants more frequently exhausted the resource completely and also accumulated fewer rewards than participants who were not tryptophan depleted. Our findings show that rank-based social comparisons are crucial to the management of depletable resources, and that serotonin mediates responses to social norms. PMID:24815611

  2. Social Support in Widowhood

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Stacey B.; Bergeman, C. S.; Verney, Alissa; Longenbaker, Susannah; Markey, Megan A.; Bisconti, Toni L.

    2012-01-01

    Although social support is assumed to be an important factor following loss, the mechanisms by which it influences outcomes are not well understood. This study explored the nature of social support following loss using mixed methods. Widows participated in semistructured interviews 1 and 4 months after loss; a subsample completed 98 days of questionnaires between interviews. Interviews were analyzed using the constant comparative method; themes included the importance of supportive groups and the meaning of support. Social support trajectories were examined using hierarchical linear modeling; perceived social control explained differences in trajectories. Additional interviews were selected by their maximally divergent plots. The findings of these analyses were integrated to contribute a more detailed description of social support in the transition to widowhood. PMID:23785307

  3. Teaching Social Software with Social Software

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mejias, Ulises

    2006-01-01

    Ulises Mejias examines how social software--information and communications technologies that facilitate the collaboration and exchange of ideas--enables students to participate in distributed research, an approach to learning in which knowledge is collectively constructed and shared. During Fall 2005, Mejias taught a graduate seminar that provided…

  4. Social enterprise as a socially rational business

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rory Ridley-Duff

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – This paper seeks to examine the discourses that influence policy and practice in social enterprises. In institutional circles, arguments are shaped by the desire to protect assets for the community, while entrepreneurial discourses favour a mixture of investment sources, surplus sharing and inclusive systems of governance. A critique is outlined that challenges policy-makers and academics to move beyond

  5. When is social marketing not social marketing?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerard Hastings; Kathryn Angus

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The paper aims to discuss the thorny issues of industry-funded social marketing campaigns. Can the tobacco industry be trusted to educate our children about the dangers of smoking? Is a brewer the best source of health promotion? The paper argues for transparency and critical appraisal. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper looks at the issues of tobacco and alcohol in

  6. Social Issues as Social Problems: Adolescents' Perceptions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roscoe, Bruce

    1985-01-01

    Surveyed 446 late adolescents concerning their assessment of specific social issues as problems existing in contemporary American society. Subjects overwhelmingly pointed to drug use, pollution, hunger, nuclear war, and poverty as serious to very serious problems, while ageism, and racial and sexual discrimination were regarded as substantially…

  7. Singing and social inclusion.

    PubMed

    Welch, Graham F; Himonides, Evangelos; Saunders, Jo; Papageorgi, Ioulia; Sarazin, Marc

    2014-01-01

    There is a growing body of neurological, cognitive, and social psychological research to suggest the possibility of positive transfer effects from structured musical engagement. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that engagement in musical activities may impact on social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Tackling social exclusion and promoting social inclusion are common concerns internationally, such as in the UK and the EC, and there are many diverse Government ministries and agencies globally that see the arts in general and music in particular as a key means by which social needs can be addressed. As part of a wider evaluation of a national, Government-sponsored music education initiative for Primary-aged children in England ("Sing Up"), opportunity was taken by the authors, at the request of the funders, to assess any possible relationship between (a) children's developing singing behavior and development and (b) their social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Subsequently, it was possible to match data from n = 6087 participants, drawn from the final 3 years of data collection (2008-2011), in terms of each child's individually assessed singing ability (based on their singing behavior of two well-known songs to create a "normalized singing score") and their written responses to a specially-designed questionnaire that included a set of statements related to children's sense of being socially included to which the children indicated their level of agreement on a seven-point Likert scale. Data analyses suggested that the higher the normalized singing development rating, the more positive the child's self-concept and sense of being socially included, irrespective of singer age, sex and ethnicity. PMID:25120514

  8. Singing and social inclusion

    PubMed Central

    Welch, Graham F.; Himonides, Evangelos; Saunders, Jo; Papageorgi, Ioulia; Sarazin, Marc

    2014-01-01

    There is a growing body of neurological, cognitive, and social psychological research to suggest the possibility of positive transfer effects from structured musical engagement. In particular, there is evidence to suggest that engagement in musical activities may impact on social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Tackling social exclusion and promoting social inclusion are common concerns internationally, such as in the UK and the EC, and there are many diverse Government ministries and agencies globally that see the arts in general and music in particular as a key means by which social needs can be addressed. As part of a wider evaluation of a national, Government-sponsored music education initiative for Primary-aged children in England (“Sing Up”), opportunity was taken by the authors, at the request of the funders, to assess any possible relationship between (a) children's developing singing behavior and development and (b) their social inclusion (sense of self and of being socially integrated). Subsequently, it was possible to match data from n = 6087 participants, drawn from the final 3 years of data collection (2008–2011), in terms of each child's individually assessed singing ability (based on their singing behavior of two well-known songs to create a “normalized singing score”) and their written responses to a specially-designed questionnaire that included a set of statements related to children's sense of being socially included to which the children indicated their level of agreement on a seven-point Likert scale. Data analyses suggested that the higher the normalized singing development rating, the more positive the child's self-concept and sense of being socially included, irrespective of singer age, sex and ethnicity. PMID:25120514

  9. Online Advertising in Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bagherjeiran, Abraham; Bhatt, Rushi P.; Parekh, Rajesh; Chaoji, Vineet

    Online social networks offer opportunities to analyze user behavior and social connectivity and leverage resulting insights for effective online advertising. This chapter focuses on the role of social network information in online display advertising.

  10. Efectos de la unión monetaria sobre el comercio internacional: elementos de juicio iniciales de la Unión Monetaria Europea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alejandro Micco; Ernesto H. Stein; Guillermo Luis Ordoñez

    2003-01-01

    (Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo calculamos los efectos iniciales de la Unión Monetaria Europea (UME) en el comercio internacional. Empleamos un conjunto de datos de panel que incluye la información más actualizada sobre el comercio internacional de 22 países desarrollados, desde 1992 hasta 2002. Durante ese período, 12 países europeos se incorporaron formalmente a una unión monetaria.

  11. [Social cooperatives in Italy].

    PubMed

    Villotti, P; Zaniboni, S; Fraccaroli, F

    2014-06-01

    This paper describes the role of social cooperatives in Italy as a type of economic, non-profit organization and their role in contributing to the economic and social growth of the country. The purpose of this paper is to learn more about the experience of the Italian social cooperatives in promoting the work integration process of disadvantaged workers, especially those suffering from mental disorders, from a theoretical and an empirical point of view. Social enterprise is the most popular and consolidated legal and organizational model for social enterprises in Italy, introduced by Law 381/91. Developed during the early 1980s, and formally recognized by law in the early 1990s, social cooperatives aim at pursuing the general interest of the community to promote the human needs and social inclusion of citizens. They are orientated towards aims that go beyond the interest of the business owners, the primary beneficiary of their activities is the community, or groups of disadvantaged people. In Italy, Law 381/91 distinguishes between two categories of social cooperatives, those producing goods of social utility, such as culture, welfare and educational services (A-type), and those providing economic activities for the integration of disadvantaged people into employment (B-type). The main purpose of B-type social cooperatives is to integrate disadvantaged people into the open labour market. This goal is reached after a period of training and working experience inside the firm, during which the staff works to improve both the social and professional abilities of disadvantaged people. During the years, B-type social co-ops acquired a particular relevance in the care of people with mental disorders by offering them with job opportunities. Having a job is central in the recovery process of people suffering from mental diseases, meaning that B-type social co-ops in Italy play an important rehabilitative and integrative role for this vulnerable population of workers. The recent literature has highlighted that difficulties with employment are a feature of mental disorders, with high unemployment rates and short job tenure. Yet, success in employment for this population can be expected when they are provided with adequate support and opportunities. B-type social cooperatives in Italy are found to be very useful in order to help this disadvantaged category of workers find and keep a job. The work environment is more flexible and allows a better integration with less stigma and better work accommodations compared to the open labour market and/or other public/private organizations. Results from B-type Italian social cooperatives studies show that mentally ill workers value the importance of working, are highly satisfied with their job, are motivated to continue working, are engaged in their job and willing to work in the competitive labour market. Also, studies show that environmental characteristics of the social cooperative, such as the implementation of work accommodations and the possibility to work in an environment that is highly supportive, have an impact on increasing the likelihood of being highly satisfied with the job, which in turn is positively related to job tenure. In sum, this article shed light on the historical background that led to the development of social cooperatives in Italy. Furthermore, the features of B-type co-ops that play a central role in facilitating the work integration of people with mental disorders are described in this paper. In general, Italian B-type social cooperatives are found to provide a meaningful work experience to people with mental disorders, that help them increase not only vocational outcomes, but also psycho-social outcomes, and generally to help them better integrate into society. PMID:24948479

  12. Social Capital and Mental Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Astier M. Almedom; Douglas Glandon

    \\u000a Social capital is a compound and complex construct, an umbrella term under which social cohesion, social support, social integration\\u000a and\\/or participation are often lumped together. Beyond its growing appeal to policy makers, practitioners and researchers\\u000a in public health in general and mental health in particular, social capital is now also an integral part of broad-based discussions\\u000a on social-ecological resilience, ecosystem

  13. Social Rewards and Social Networks in the Human Brain.

    PubMed

    Fareri, Dominic S; Delgado, Mauricio R

    2014-02-21

    The rapid development of social media and social networking sites in human society within the past decade has brought about an increased focus on the value of social relationships and being connected with others. Research suggests that we pursue socially valued or rewarding outcomes-approval, acceptance, reciprocity-as a means toward learning about others and fulfilling social needs of forming meaningful relationships. Focusing largely on recent advances in the human neuroimaging literature, we review findings highlighting the neural circuitry and processes that underlie pursuit of valued rewarding outcomes across non-social and social domains. We additionally discuss emerging human neuroimaging evidence supporting the idea that social rewards provide a gateway to establishing relationships and forming social networks. Characterizing the link between social network, brain, and behavior can potentially identify contributing factors to maladaptive influences on decision making within social situations. PMID:24561513

  14. Business for Social Responsibility Homepage

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A nonprofit organization, Business for Social Responsibility (BSR) provides information, tools, training and advisory services to make corporate social responsibility an integral part of business operations and strategies.

  15. Social strategies that work.

    PubMed

    Piskorski, Miko?aj Jan

    2011-11-01

    Although most companies have collected lots of friends and followers on social platforms such as Facebook, few have succeeded in generating profits there. That's because they merely port their digital strategies into social environments by broadcasting their commercial messages or seeking customer feedback. To succeed on social platforms, says Harvard Business School's Piskorski, businesses need to devise social strategies that are consistent with users' expectations and behavior in these venues--namely, people want to connect with other people, not with companies. The author defines successful social strategies as those that reduce costs or increase customers' willingness to pay by helping people establish or strengthen relationships through doing free work on a company's behalf. Citing successes at Zynga, eBay, American Express, and Yelp, Piskorski shows that social strategies can generate profits by helping people connect in exchange for tasks that benefit the company such as customer acquisition, marketing, and content creation. He lays out a systematic way to build a social strategy and shows how a major credit card company he advised used the method to roll out its own strategy. PMID:22111430

  16. Canadian Social Research Links

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Maintained with almost obsessive thoroughness by an employee at Human Resources Development Canada, this Website is an excellent gateway to Canadian social science resources on the Web. The site offers collections of annotated links from government outlets, academic sources, policy institutions, and NGOs. Visitors can browse sites under regional and thematic categories as well use "quicklinks" to government sources for social science data, including social policy, economic, and employment data. The annotations are very helpful, usually including the date of a document or a Website's last update and a summary or quotation from the resource. Some resources are presented in a pro-and-con format so that researchers can immediately compare reports and arguments from credible sources on political and social issues. Theme lists include hundreds of links in disability, education, human rights, homelessness and hunger, election 2000, social research organizations, unions, UN links, women's social issues, and dozens more. Also, the author provides a free weekly email newsletter that includes the latest updates to the Website. There is much more here, but I think interested parties get the idea: anyone doing social research in or about Canada will definitely want to bookmark this one. The site is the sole property and responsibility of Gilles Seguin who maintains the site on his own time. And yes, the site is also available in French.

  17. Internet Paradox A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement

    E-print Network

    Kiesler, Sara

    Internet Paradox A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement and Psychological Well, technologists, and social critics believe that these changes and the In- ternet, in particular, are transforming such applications, they might do so to augment traditional technologies for social con- tact, expanding their number

  18. Beyond the social protection paradigm: social policy in Africa's development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jimi O. Adesina

    2011-01-01

    Abstract?The experience of sub-Saharan Africa with social development in the period between 1981 and 2005 has been grim, indeed. Over the period, policy focus has turned from a wider vision of social policy to narrow social protection concerns. This is what we refer to as the social protection paradigm (SPP). We offer an assessment of the paradigm. In its place,

  19. Attachment, Social Competencies, Social Support, and Psychological Distress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent Mallinckrodt; Meifen Wei

    2005-01-01

    In this survey study of 430 undergraduates, elements of the social competencies and interpersonal processes model (B. Mallinckrodt, 2000) were tested. Two social competencies were hypothesized to mediate the direct effects of 2 independent variables, attachment anxiety and avoidance, on 2 outcomes, psychological distress and perceived social support. Social self-efficacy was expected to be a significant mediator only for attachment

  20. The Social Side of School: Why Teachers Need Social Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehlbach, Hunter

    2010-01-01

    Teaching and learning are fundamentally social enterprises. In attempting to understand, explain, and predict social behavior, social psychologists have amassed scores of empirically grounded, fundamental principles. Yet, many such principles have yet to be applied to classrooms despite the social nature of these settings. This article illustrates…

  1. Security in OpenSocial-instrumented Social Networking Services

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    to the integrity and authenticity of requests. The paper wants to raise awareness for security issues in an Open and integrating OpenSocial applications into a platform's access control system. 2 OpenSocial-instrumented Social be accessed from the OpenSocial Website.4 Prominent examples include iGoogle, LinkedIn, mixi, MySpace, orkut

  2. Social Contract and Social Integration in Adolescent Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Scott Hilles; Lynn R. Kahle

    1985-01-01

    Eighty-nine subjects from two high schools were tested during the spring of their sophomore and senior years, when their mean ages were 16 years, 1 month, and 18 years, 1 month, respectively. Composites measured social contract with: (a) independence, (b) implicit social contract, societal norms and expectations, and (c) explicit social contracts, rules. Composites and single items measured social integration

  3. Social Snapshots: Digital Forensics for Online Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Social Snapshots: Digital Forensics for Online Social Networks Markus Huber Martin Mulazzani by pub- lishing our implementation as an open-source project. Keywords: online social networks, forensics, security 1. INTRODUCTION Over the past years, Online Social Networks (OSNs) have become the largest

  4. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims Brown Thoreck, Baccalaureate Program Director, 315-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students

  5. Social Work Is Social Work right for me?

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    Social Work Is Social Work right for me? If you are interested in assisting and supporting vulnerable people and helping them and their families then social work could be the subject for you. You with the Care Council for Wales. The skills you can gain from a degree in Social Work are wide ranging

  6. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2. To prepare undergraduate students for continuing professional education and/or graduate education. The social work program is based on the concept

  7. School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    School of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Child Welfare Specialization Purpose The Child on the student's graduating transcript. Mode of Study The school of social work offers a full-time and part. The Northern Social Work Student Association with support from the Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology

  8. Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Diaspora Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Diaspora Studies can lead, children's services, residential centres and family services. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Social Work

  9. Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Su, Xiao

    Master of Social Work Program School of Social Work San José State University MSW Student Handbook #12;2 Master of Social Work Student Handbook Last Updated: August 16, 2011 Disclaimer: This MSW ­ Room 215 408-924-5800 (office number) 408-924-5892 (fax number) Mailing Address: Master of Social Work

  10. Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet

    E-print Network

    Ward, Karen

    Department of Social Work Master of Social Work Fact Sheet Accredited by CSWE June 2013 In 2010, the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) began to offer the Master of Social Work (MSW) degree. The MSW prepares. The Program's Concentration is "Social Work in the Border Region." Students are trained to address the many

  11. Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Disability Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work and Disability Studies can or family practice. A Rigorous, Enriching Program The mission of the School of Social Work is to promote

  12. Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals,

    E-print Network

    Social Work and Women's Studies Social work engages with individuals, families, communities for personal and professional development. www.uwindsor.ca/swws www.uwindsor.ca/socialwork Social Work. A Rigorous, Enriching Program Our Social Work and Women's Studies program is unique in North America. We

  13. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    McConnell, Terry

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-5562. The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program, in order of priority, are as follows: 1. To prepare undergraduate social work students for competent entry

  14. School Of Social Work School Of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    School Of Social Work School Of Social Work Carrie Jefferson Smith, Director, 315-443-5562 Sims-443-9723 The undergraduate professional social work program offers a bachelor of science degree. The goals of this program generalist professional practice by developing the requisite social work knowledge, values, and skills, and 2

  15. the college of social work the college of social work

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    the college of social work #12;the college of social work Anna Scheyett, Dean, PhD "The future of social work is taking the lead in tackling the problems of society. Our profession helps keep our society's promises to its members, especially to those most vulnerable. The College of Social Work is one

  16. Social Exclusion and Social Justice EDHD 779M Course Syllabus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melanie Killen

    Social exclusion and social justice refer to the ways in which individuals and groups interact in society and the judgments, decisions, and attitudes that members of cultures make about this complex relationship. Our perspective will be psychological and developmental. Within psychology, we will read research from social psychology, social cognition, and developmental psychology perspectives. We will also draw on works

  17. The Social Strategy Game Resource Competition within Female Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Gurven, Michael

    The Social Strategy Game Resource Competition within Female Social Networks among Small concerning dyadic social relationships and demographic data were collected to identify variables influencing with members of their social network and with those who were designated as cooperative helpers or as close kin

  18. Electronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy

    E-print Network

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    /or bullying apply to content posted online. Violating any University policy while using social media couldElectronic Communication Systems and Social Networking Employee Social Media Policy The Fogelman impact. Beware of comments that could reflect poorly on you and the College. Social media sites

  19. Toward Integrating Catholic Social Teaching into Graduate Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Linda Plitt

    2008-01-01

    Social work programs are one mechanism within Catholic institutions of higher education for advancing the social mission of the Church. The social work profession seeks the achievement of a just society that promotes the dignity of the human person in the context of community and social relationships. This article describes beginning efforts to…

  20. Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media

    E-print Network

    Yang, Junfeng

    documents (e.g., photos, videos) in social media sites. To un- derstand the potential benefits of usingExploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media Hila Becker , Bai Xiao Columbia in a large-scale Flickr data set. Our pre- liminary experiments, building on baselines that use social media

  1. Athletics and Social Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crase, Darrell; And Others

    1972-01-01

    Contains papers dealing with such topics as the coach-athlete relationship, effects of sports on character, the athlete's role in social action, and the integrity of the athletic spectacle and its financing. (MB)

  2. Search using social networks

    E-print Network

    Ammar, Ammar (Ammar T.)

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, we present an approach to the problem of personalized web search which makes use of the searcher's social network, in addition to the hyper-link based score used in most search engines. This combination of ...

  3. Social anxiety disorder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... anxiety Alcohol or other drug dependence Loneliness and social isolation ... Call your health care provider or mental health professional if fear is affecting your work and relationships with others.

  4. Socially guided machine learning

    E-print Network

    Thomaz, Andrea Lockerd

    2006-01-01

    Social interaction will be key to enabling robots and machines in general to learn new tasks from ordinary people (not experts in robotics or machine learning). Everyday people who need to teach their machines new things ...

  5. Social Language Use (Pragmatics)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... clearly and use long, complex sentences with correct grammar, but still have a communication problem - if he ... other language problems such as vocabulary development or grammar. Pragmatic problems can lower social acceptance. Peers may ...

  6. Social Studies in Brazil.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Searles, John E.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the role of social studies in transmitting the cultural heritage of Brazil. Includes descriptions of Brazilian culture and the educational structure. Journal availability: see SO 506 831. (AV)

  7. Social Security in a \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Ravallion; Lorraine Dearden

    1988-01-01

    Private transfer payments are modeled as outcomes of a constrained social choice pro blem facing donors. The approach is applied to a large household leve l data set for Java and hypotheses are tested concerning the performa nce of the \\

  8. Social Media Perry Cantarutti

    E-print Network

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    will people love & share this message? · Does the concept reflect reality? · Does it deliver on user does this provide to the brand? Business & Social Objective · How does this reflect our current message

  9. Teaching with Social Media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Currie Sivek

    2012-01-01

    This presentation addresses the benefits and challenges of teaching with social media. Examples of student work, assignments, and class projects are included from Linfield College classes and from other institutions, including disciplines other than mass communication.

  10. Limits of social mobilization

    E-print Network

    Pentland, Alex Paul

    The Internet and social media have enabled the mobilization of large crowds to achieve time-critical feats, ranging from mapping crises in real time, to organizing mass rallies, to conducting search-and-rescue operations ...

  11. Graphing Your Social Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    Students analyze their social networks using graph theory. They gather data on their own social relationships, either from Facebook interactions or the interactions they have throughout the course of a day, recording it in Microsoft Excel and using Cytoscape (a free, downloadable application) to generate social network graphs that visually illustrate the key persons (nodes) and connections between them (edges). The nodes in the Cytoscape graphs are color-coded and sized according to the importance of the node (in this activity, nodes are people in students' social networks). After the analysis, the graphs are further examined to see what can be learned from the visual representation. Students gain practice with graph theory vocabulary, including node, edge, betweeness centrality and degree on interaction, and learn about a range of engineering applications of graph theory.

  12. Environmentalism and social differentiation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Pakulski; Bruce Tranter

    Abstract This is a tribute to the late Steve Crook who,shared,with us the excitement,of research on environmentalism. As we predicted, environmental activism in Australia remains socially circumscribed, but its scope, and the scope of envi- ronmental concerns, have been widening. Differentiation and proliferation of environmental,issues combine,with social diffusion and routinization. The pro- portion of people who,see the environment,as a salient

  13. Social Identity and Cooperation

    E-print Network

    Manago, Bianca N

    2012-07-11

    RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by BIANCA NICOLE MANAGO SOCIAL IDENTITY AND COOPERATION Approved by: Research Advisor: Jane Sell Associate Dean for Undergraduate Research: Robert C. Webb Major: Sociology April 2010... Identity and Cooperation. (April 2010) Bianca Nicole Manago Department of Sociology Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Jane Sell Department of Sociology This study seeks to examine the effects of cooperation on social identity in group work...

  14. Social pharmacology: expanding horizons.

    PubMed

    Maiti, Rituparna; Alloza, José Luis

    2014-01-01

    In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of "social pharmacology" is not covered by the so-called "Phase IV" alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the "life cycle" of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences. PMID:24987168

  15. Social cognition in ravens

    PubMed Central

    Bugnyar, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Complex social life has been proposed as one of the main driving forces for the evolution of higher cognitive abilities in humans and non-human animals. Until recently, this theory has been tested mainly on mammals/primates, whereas little attention has been paid to birds. Indeed, birds provide a challenge to the theory, on one hand because they show high flexibility in group formation and composition, on the other hand because monogamous breeding pairs are the main unit of social structure in many species. Here I illustrate that non-breeding ravens Corvus corax engage in sophisticated social interactions during foraging and conflict management. While Machiavellian-type skills are found in competition for hidden food, the formation and use of valuable relationships (social bonds) seem to be key in dealing with others in daily life. I thus argue that ravens represent a promising case for testing the idea that sophisticated social cognition may evolve in systems with a given degree of social complexity, independently of phylogeny.

  16. Social Pharmacology: Expanding horizons

    PubMed Central

    Maiti, Rituparna; Alloza, José Luis

    2014-01-01

    In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of “social pharmacology” is not covered by the so-called “Phase IV” alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the “life cycle” of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences. PMID:24987168

  17. Security in OpenSocial-Instrumented Social Networking Services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthias Häsel; Luigi Lo Iacono

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a Securing social networking services is challenging and becomes even more complex when third-party applications are able to\\u000a access user data. Still, adequate security and privacy solutions are imperative in order to build and maintain trust in such\\u000a extensible social platforms. This paper discusses security issues in the context of OpenSocial-instrumented social networking\\u000a services. It shows that the OpenSocial specification is

  18. Social Propagation: Boosting Social Annotations for Web Mining

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shenghua Bao; Bohai Yang; Ben Fei; Shengliang Xu; Zhong Su; Yong Yu

    2009-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of boosting social annotations using propagation, which is also called social propagation. In particular, we focus on propagating social annotations of web pages (e.g., annotations in Del.icio.us). Social annotations\\u000a are novel resources and valuable in many web applications, including web search and browsing. Although they are developing\\u000a fast, social annotations of web pages

  19. The Social Side of School: Why Teachers Need Social Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hunter Gehlbach

    2010-01-01

    Teaching and learning are fundamentally social enterprises. In attempting to understand, explain, and predict social behavior,\\u000a social psychologists have amassed scores of empirically grounded, fundamental principles. Yet, many such principles have yet\\u000a to be applied to classrooms despite the social nature of these settings. This article illustrates how infusing novel concepts\\u000a from social psychology into teachers’ repertoires holds untapped potential

  20. The Supply of Social Insurance

    E-print Network

    Gonzalez, Francisco M

    to generate social conflict. In this context social insurance is supplied as an equilibrium response to income risks within a self-enforcing social contract. When we explore the implications of such a view of the social contract, we find four main determinants...

  1. Child and Nonviolent Social Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulding, Elise

    1974-01-01

    Examines the nature of the child and the impact of socialization experiences on his capacity to act nonviolently in a changing social order. Presents a socialization model that draws on different disciplinary frameworks and research areas (animal and human ethnology, social learning theories, altruism studies, and reviews of protest movements).…

  2. Linguistic Diversity and Social Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piller, Ingrid; Takahashi, Kimie

    2011-01-01

    This introduction provides the framework for the special issue by describing the social inclusion agenda of neoliberal market democracies. While the social inclusion agenda has been widely adopted, social inclusion policies are often blind to the ways in which language proficiency and language ideologies mediate social inclusion in linguistically…

  3. Online social networks in economics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adalbert Mayer

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes how economists study social networks. While economists borrow from other fields like sociology or computer science, their approach of modeling of social networks is distinguished by the emphasis on the role of choices under constraints. Economists investigate how socioeconomic background and economic incentives affect the structure and composition of social networks. The characteristics of social networks are

  4. Studies in international social work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sven Trygged

    2008-01-01

    Studies in international social work is a joint report series between the Department of Social Work and INSWED (International Social Work Education and Development), both of which are at Stockholm University. The series was started in 2002 in order to reflect some of the international work relevant for social work that is being done by or in cooperation with these

  5. Karen D. Lincoln Social Work

    E-print Network

    McLeod, Dennis

    Karen D. Lincoln Social Work 10 CURRICULUM VITAE Karen D. Lincoln, M.S.W., M.A., Ph.D. University of Southern California School of Social Work Fall, 2012 University of Southern California School of Social, Department of Sociology 1996 M.S.W. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, School of Social Work 1998 M

  6. Semantic Networks and Social Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To illustrate the need for social network metadata within semantic metadata. Design/methodology/approach: Surveys properties of social networks and the semantic web, suggests that social network analysis applies to semantic content, argues that semantic content is more searchable if social network metadata is merged with semantic web…

  7. [Social media, children and pediatricians].

    PubMed

    Le Heuzey, M-F

    2012-01-01

    Using social media web sites is a common activity for children, and any site that allows social interaction (social network, games, virtual worlds...) is a social media site. Pediatricians are in a position to help families understand the benefits and the risks of these sites, and to diagnose problems in children and adolescents as cyberbullying, depression, and post traumatic disorder. PMID:22119289

  8. The Social Psychology of Hatred

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evan R. Harrington

    Hatred has not typically been a topic of research in the field of social psychology, although several components which embody hatred have been studied extensively in this field. Social psychologists have tradition- ally considered prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination and intergroup aggression to be highly important and socially relevant topics for research, and thousands of studies by social psychologists have examined these

  9. The Ethics of Social Cohesion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heuser, Brian L.

    2005-01-01

    With trust as its antecedent, social capital comprises the potential capacities of a people to prosper. Building on the presence of social capital, social cohesion involves the internalization of social ethics and constitutes the level of realized propensity among citizens to engage in virtuous behavior for the common good. This theory elaboration…

  10. Public Libraries and Social Class

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Pateman

    Abstract The paper argues that there is an intrinsic link between social exclusion and social class, that social exclusion is endemic to capitalism, and that the class system pervades every aspect of society, including library usage. After reviewing different models of social stratification, the paper identifies three main classes, the capitalist class, the middle class and the working class. The

  11. How social cognition can inform social decision making

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Victoria K.; Harris, Lasana T.

    2013-01-01

    Social decision-making is often complex, requiring the decision-maker to make inferences of others' mental states in addition to engaging traditional decision-making processes like valuation and reward processing. A growing body of research in neuroeconomics has examined decision-making involving social and non-social stimuli to explore activity in brain regions such as the striatum and prefrontal cortex, largely ignoring the power of the social context. Perhaps more complex processes may influence decision-making in social vs. non-social contexts. Years of social psychology and social neuroscience research have documented a multitude of processes (e.g., mental state inferences, impression formation, spontaneous trait inferences) that occur upon viewing another person. These processes rely on a network of brain regions including medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), superior temporal sulcus (STS), temporal parietal junction, and precuneus among others. Undoubtedly, these social cognition processes affect social decision-making since mental state inferences occur spontaneously and automatically. Few studies have looked at how these social inference processes affect decision-making in a social context despite the capability of these inferences to serve as predictions that can guide future decision-making. Here we review and integrate the person perception and decision-making literatures to understand how social cognition can inform the study of social decision-making in a way that is consistent with both literatures. We identify gaps in both literatures—while behavioral economics largely ignores social processes that spontaneously occur upon viewing another person, social psychology has largely failed to talk about the implications of social cognition processes in an economic decision-making context—and examine the benefits of integrating social psychological theory with behavioral economic theory. PMID:24399928

  12. Social Synergetics, Social Physics and Research of Fundamental Laws in Social Complex Systems

    E-print Network

    Yi-Fang Chang

    2009-11-06

    We proposed social synergetics and the four basic theorems, in which theorem of perfect correlation on humanity is researched mathematically. Generally, we discuss the four variables and the eight aspects in social physics. We search social thermodynamics and the five fundamental laws of social complex systems. Then we research different relations among social elements and applications of the nonlinear sociology, for example, for the economic systems. Finally, we discuss the evolutional equation of system and the educational equation.

  13. Indigenous People in a Landscape of Risk: Teaching Social Work Students about Socially Just Social Work Responses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Hilary; Congress, Elaine

    2009-01-01

    The need for social justice in social work practice is particularly apparent in work with indigenous populations. In spite of the social work profession's commitment to social justice, social workers have often done significant harm in their work with indigenous peoples. Social work educators are ideally positioned to close this gap between social

  14. Indigenous People in a Landscape of Risk: Teaching Social Work Students About Socially Just Social Work Responses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hilary Weaver; Elaine Congress

    2009-01-01

    The need for social justice in social work practice is particularly apparent in work with indigenous populations. In spite of the social work profession's commitment to social justice, social workers have often done significant harm in their work with indigenous peoples. Social work educators are ideally positioned to close this gap between social work values and practice by teaching how

  15. Social Media and Social Reality - Theory, Evidence and Validation

    SciTech Connect

    Reynolds, William; Weber, Marta S.; Farber, Robert M.; Corley, Courtney D.; Cowell, Andrew J.; Gregory, Michelle L.

    2010-06-14

    Social Media provide an exciting and novel view into social phenomena. The vast amounts of data that can be gathered from the Internet coupled with massively parallel supercomputers such as the Cray XMT open new vistas for research. Conclusions drawn from such analysis must recognize that social media are distinct from the underlying social reality. Rigorous validation is essential. This paper briefly presents results obtained from computational analysis of social media - utilizing both blog and twitter data. Validation of these results is discussed in the context of a framework of established methodologies from the social sciences. Finally, an outline for a set of supporting studies is proposed.

  16. Embodiment in social psychology.

    PubMed

    Meier, Brian P; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A

    2012-10-01

    Psychologists are increasingly interested in embodiment based on the assumption that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are grounded in bodily interaction with the environment. We examine how embodiment is used in social psychology, and we explore the ways in which embodied approaches enrich traditional theories. Although research in this area is burgeoning, much of it has been more descriptive than explanatory. We provide a critical discussion of the trajectory of embodiment research in social psychology. We contend that future researchers should engage in a phenomenon-based approach, highlight the theoretical boundary conditions and mediators involved, explore novel action-relevant outcome measures, and address the role of individual differences broadly defined. Such research will likely provide a more explanatory account of the role of embodiment in general terms as well as how it expands the knowledge base in social psychology. PMID:22777820

  17. Live Social Semantics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alani, Harith; Szomszor, Martin; Cattuto, Ciro; van den Broeck, Wouter; Correndo, Gianluca; Barrat, Alain

    Social interactions are one of the key factors to the success of conferences and similar community gatherings. This paper describes a novel application that integrates data from the semantic web, online social networks, and a real-world contact sensing platform. This application was successfully deployed at ESWC09, and actively used by 139 people. Personal profiles of the participants were automatically generated using several Web 2.0 systems and semantic academic data sources, and integrated in real-time with face-to-face contact networks derived from wearable sensors. Integration of all these heterogeneous data layers made it possible to offer various services to conference attendees to enhance their social experience such as visualisation of contact data, and a site to explore and connect with other participants. This paper describes the architecture of the application, the services we provided, and the results we achieved in this deployment.

  18. Social Science Information Gateway

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Located within the Institute for Learning and Research Technology at the University of Bristol, the Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) is an online database of high quality Internet resources that primarily deal with the vast array of social science fields and subfields. Visitors can perform a simple search, or browse through the subject headings offered on the homepage. Each one of these discrete sites has been catalogued and annotated, making it easier to find specific resources quickly. Within each field or subfield, the editors of SOSIG have also listed some of their top choices. One particularly fine feature of the site is the "Grapevine", which offers a place for people in the social sciences to find out (and publicize) information about career opportunities and upcoming events. Visitors can also post their vitas in order to facilitate such opportunities. Finally, it is worth noting that the coverage of events and the like here is particularly strong for the United Kingdom and continental Europe.

  19. The Social Network Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bunus, Peter

    Online social networking is an important part in the everyday life of college students. Despite the increasing popularity of online social networking among students and faculty members, its educational benefits are largely untested. This paper presents our experience in using social networking applications and video content distribution websites as a complement of traditional classroom education. In particular, the solution has been based on effective adaptation, extension and integration of Facebook, Twitter, Blogger YouTube and iTunes services for delivering educational material to students on mobile platforms like iPods and 3 rd generation mobile phones. The goals of the proposed educational platform, described in this paper, are to make the learning experience more engaging, to encourage collaborative work and knowledge sharing among students, and to provide an interactive platform for the educators to reach students and deliver lecture material in a totally new way.

  20. Quantum Social Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

  1. El impacto de las TIC en el rendimiento de los estudiantes de educación superior: Efectos directos, indirectos y cambio organizativo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adel Ben Youssef; Mounir Dahmani

    2008-01-01

    El propósito de este estudio es examinar la relación entre el uso de las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación (TIC) y el rendimiento de los estudiantes en la educación superior. Hasta ahora, la investigación económica no ha logrado alcanzar un consenso claro acerca del efecto de las inversiones en TIC sobre los resultados de los estudiantes.\\u000aNuestro

  2. An Introduction to Social Policy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Spicker, Paul.

    Created and maintained by Paul Spicker, a professor of politics specializing in social policy, this Website presents a detailed, yet schematic view of the main themes, concepts, and controversies surrounding issues of the welfare state and social services. The site offers sections on social policy, welfare and society, social need, the welfare state, social services, the politics of welfare, British social policy, social services in the UK, and social policy on the Web (a collection of annotated links). Using a hypertext, bulleted format, the author manages to convey significant amounts of information about complex ideas in a relatively brief span without oversimplifying. An excellent resource for economics and sociology students working on social policy topics.

  3. Cultural transmission of social essentialism

    PubMed Central

    Rhodes, Marjorie; Leslie, Sarah-Jane; Tworek, Christina M.

    2012-01-01

    Social essentialism entails the belief that certain social categories (e.g., gender, race) mark fundamentally distinct kinds of people. Essentialist beliefs have pernicious consequences, supporting social stereotyping and contributing to prejudice. How does social essentialism develop? In the studies reported here, we tested the hypothesis that generic language facilitates the cultural transmission of social essentialism. Two studies found that hearing generic language about a novel social category diverse for race, ethnicity, age, and sex led 4-y-olds and adults to develop essentialist beliefs about that social category. A third study documented that experimentally inducing parents to hold essentialist beliefs about a novel social category led them to produce more generic language when discussing the category with their children. Thus, generic language facilitates the transmission of essentialist beliefs about social categories from parents to children. PMID:22869722

  4. Science in Social Practice

    E-print Network

    Mead, George Herbert

    2000-04-01

    to the public and all members of the university are invited. The DailY Kansan also carried a story reporting on Mead's talk on Saturday, March 4, 1911 (Vol. VII, No. 61, p. 1): PLEA FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE: Professor Meade Addresses Phi Beta Kappa in Chapel..., Professor Geo. B. Meade, of the department of philosophy at the University of Chicago, gave the annual Phi Beta Kappa address last evening in which he made a strong plea for scientific methods in social practices. He explained that while physical science has...

  5. Teaching Social Studies Methods

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Darius Kalvaitis

    2006-02-17

    Teaching Social Studies to K-8 students is an engaging and creative process. Children learn best when they are interested and engaged in local and personal history. Connecting historical events to children\\'s lives is a powerful way to develop historical and cultural awareness. In this exercise you will be able to find some national and local resources to help you design and implement Social Studies in your K-8 classrooms. So let\\'s get started! First let\\'s see what kinds of resources are available on the web and other virtual places that are engaging and interesting ...

  6. Science Nation: Social Insects

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Yellow jackets are wasps, and though they seem eager to inflict pain, they do have some important redeeming qualities. They kill harmful garden pests and are among the most social insects on the planet, along with their stinging cousins, the ants and the social bees. In all three species, the queen lays all the eggs and the workers service the queen and help her raise the young. Georgia Institute of Technology biology professor Michael Goodisman is using National Science Foundation (NSF) support to try and understand these complex relationships and how they impact these intricate communities.

  7. Social Identity and Preferences*

    PubMed Central

    Benjamin, Daniel J.; Choi, James J.; Strickland, A. Joshua

    2009-01-01

    Social identities prescribe behaviors for people. We identify the marginal behavioral effect of these norms on discount rates and risk aversion by measuring how laboratory subjects’ choices change when an aspect of social identity is made salient. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make racial identity salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more patient choices. Making gender identity salient has no effect on intertemporal or risk choices. PMID:20871741

  8. Anti-Social Media

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-02-07

    What is the anti-social media? It can be many things, but this particular study from the Demos group "aims to inform the discussion over free speech and hate speech by examining specifically the way racial, religious and ethnic slurs are employed on Twitter." This 51-page paper from February 2014 looks into how various terms are deployed on Twitter via in-depth analysis. It's quite fascinating as the team looks at a wide range of terms and also offers some substantial analysis of their findings and the possible broader implications of their work. For fans and critics of social media alike, this is a great trove of information.

  9. The Social Ecology of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan T. Ennett; Vangie A. Foshee; Karl E. Bauman; Andrea Hussong; Li Cai; Heathe Luz McNaughton Reyes; Robert Faris; John Hipp; Robert DuRant

    2008-01-01

    Abstract A conceptual framework based on social ecology, social learning, and social control theories guided identification of social contexts, contextual attributes, and joint effects that contribute to development of adolescent alcohol misuse. Modeling of alcohol use, suggested by social learning theory, and indicators of the social bond, suggested by social control theory, were examined in the family, peer, school, and

  10. Social communication deficits: Specific associations with Social Anxiety Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Halls, Georgia; Cooper, Peter J.; Creswell, Cathy

    2015-01-01

    Background Social communication deficits are prevalent amongst children with anxiety disorders; however whether they are over-represented specifically among children with Social Anxiety Disorder has not been examined. This study set out to examine social communication deficits among children with Social Anxiety Disorder in comparison to children with other forms of anxiety disorder. Methods Parents of 404 children with a diagnosed anxiety disorder completed the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ; Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Lord, C., 2003. The Social Communication Questionnaire – Manual. Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, CA). Children with a diagnosis of Social Anxiety Disorder (n=262) and anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder (n=142) were compared on SCQ total and subscale scores and the frequency of participants scoring above clinical cut-offs. Results Children with Social Anxiety Disorder scored significantly higher than anxious children without Social Anxiety Disorder on the SCQ total (t(352)=4.85, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), Reciprocal Social Interaction (t(351)=4.73, p<.001, d=.55, r=.27), communication (t(344)=3.62, p<.001, d=.43, r=.21) and repetitive, restrictive and stereotyped behaviors subscales (t(353)=3.15, p=.002, d=.37, r=.18). Furthermore, children with Social Anxiety Disorder were three times more likely to score above clinical cut-offs. Limitations The participants were a relatively affluent group of predominantly non-minority status. The social communication difficulties measure relied on parental report which could be influenced by extraneous factors. Conclusions Treatments for Social Anxiety Disorder may benefit from a specific focus on developing social communication skills. Future research using objective assessments of underlying social communication skills is required. PMID:25451393

  11. SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University

    E-print Network

    de Lijser, Peter

    SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM California State University Fullerton, CA Handbook for Students 2009-2010 Third ...............................................................................................7 SOCIAL WORK PROGRAM GOALS.........................................................................................................10 Master of Social Work (MSW) Curriculum

  12. Socially disorganized rural communities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth D. Tunnell

    2006-01-01

    The article talks about the social disorganization of rural communities in the U.S. It is stated that family farming has been on the decline for decades, with the numbers of farmers dropping by 16 million since 1950 and farms decreasing by over 4 million during the past century. It is inferred that a part of a community's history and way

  13. Discursive social psychology now.

    PubMed

    Parker, Ian

    2012-09-01

    This paper reviews the progress of discourse-analytic approaches in social psychology from the late 1980s to the present day, with a particular focus on the way conceptual and methodological contributions from within the Discourse and Rhetoric Group at Loughborough University have negotiated a positive role for innovative studies of language in the discipline of psychology. Social psychology has become a key site for the accumulation of a series of empirical studies that have seen the flourishing of a distinctive form of 'discursive social psychology' that has succeeded in moving from the margins of the discipline to a more accepted position. The paper traces this trajectory of discourse analysis from the limits to the centre of social psychology attending to five features that now characterise its contribution to psychology; an emphasis on everyday conversation, a concern with interpersonal interaction, explication of formal sequences; an insistence on empirical claims; and fidelity to the ethos of its host discipline. The paper concludes with some comments on the wider context of this new approach inside psychology today. PMID:21790666

  14. Categories of Social Relationship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haslam, Nick

    1994-01-01

    Fifty-two undergraduates completed a questionnaire identifying 40 acquaintances, from which 4 were picked systematically from the list. Role descriptions for the four acquaintances, ratings of their relationships, and characteristics of the relationships were assessed. Found evidence for the existence of truly discrete cognitive forms of social

  15. Artificial Social Intelligence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Simms Bainbridge; Edward E. Brent; Kathleen M. Carley; David R. Heise; Michael W. Macy; Barry N. Markovsky; John Skvoretz

    1994-01-01

    Sociologists have begun to explore the gains for theory and research that might be achieved by artificial intelligence technology: symbolic processors, expert systems, neural networks, genetic algorithms, and classifier systems. The first major accomplishments of artificial social intelligence (ASI) have been in the realm of theory, where these techniques have inspired new theories as well as helping to render existing

  16. Social-Emotional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Lyndsey R.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Zalewski, Maureen

    2013-01-01

    Interactions between reactive and regulatory dimensions of temperament may be particularly relevant to children's adjustment but are examined infrequently. This study investigated these interactions by examining effortful control as a moderator of the relations of fear and frustration reactivity to children's social competence, internalizing, and…

  17. Corporate social reporting revisited

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ariane Berthoin Antal; Meinolf Dierkes; Keith MacMillan; Lutz Marz

    2002-01-01

    The intensity and scope of attention to the (negative) impacts of business activities on the social and natural environment have waxed and waned over the past forty years. A revival of interest on a wide scale is visible and audible again today. Numerous organizations, including the United Nations, the European Commission, national governments, and public interest groups, are calling for

  18. Agency and social adaptation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Horvath

    1998-01-01

    This review examines the relevance of agency to the citizen's participation in modern society. Recently, a number of authors have proposed that the development of a more communal rather than individualistic-oriented person would remedy the social alienation found in modern society. In this paper I propose that in modern, complex, and technology-oriented societies, agency, or an instrumental orientation, is necessary

  19. Social Sustainability: Geography 446

    E-print Network

    improve and maintain sustainable development. The above issues are underlined by four components: 1 as a way to foster equitable and inclusive community development and to make social sustainability of the colleges). #12;3. Leadership · Maintain UBC's role as academic institution model of sustainable practices

  20. Student Services Go Social

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villano, Matt; Gullon, Monica

    2009-01-01

    Like fine wines, Web 2.0 technologies get better with age. Gone are the days of the pointless chat room; this is the era of social networking juggernauts such as Facebook, MySpace, and Friendster. Services offered by these firms are helpful in facilitating connections among users in every industry and of every age. In higher education, however, a…

  1. Navigating Social Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamblin, DeAnna; Bartlett, Marilyn J.

    2013-01-01

    The authors note that when it comes to balancing free speech and schools' responsibilities, the online world is largely uncharted waters. Questions remain about the rights of both students and teachers in the world of social media. Although the lower courts have ruled that students' freedom of speech rights offer them some protection for…

  2. School Social Work Worldwide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huxtable, Marion, Ed.; Blyth, Eric, Ed.

    This book, with sequentially arranged chapters, allow practitioners, educators, and students to follow the expansion of school social work practice around the world. Leaders in the field from 12 countries provide eye-opening perspectives and interventions, selected for their range and application. Additionally, the book looks ahead to policy and…

  3. Health and Social Justice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Prah Ruger

    Societies make decisions and take actions that profoundly impact the distribution of health. Why and how should collective choices be made, and policies implemented, to address health inequalities under conditions of resource scarcity? How should societies conceptualize and measure health disparities, and determine whether they've been adequately addressed? Who is responsible for various aspects of this important social problem? In

  4. Cyberbullying via Social Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whittaker, Elizabeth; Kowalski, Robin M.

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have witnessed a surge of research on cyberbullying. In this article, three studies examined prevalence rates of cyberbullying among college-age students, venues through which cyberbullying occurs, with a particular focus on social media, and perceptions of cyberbullying as a function of features of the target (e.g., peer, celebrity,…

  5. Social Policy Report, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Nancy G., Ed.

    1995-01-01

    These three newsletter issues present scholarly developmental research results pertaining to social and public policies that affect children. The first 1995 issue, "Escaping Poverty: The Promise of Higher Education" (Erika Kates), discusses results of a study that explored the ways in which institutions of higher education provide a supportive…

  6. Whither Social Theory?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2014-01-01

    What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

  7. SOCIAL PLANNING Designing the

    E-print Network

    Redmiles, David F.

    SOCIAL PLANNING Designing the Evolving Artifact In chapter 5 I surveyed some of the modern tools and economic arrangements, but others have focused on the physical environment-river develop- ment plans a humane society or a peaceful world. Wherein lies the difference? Going to the Moon was a complex matter

  8. Saving Social Security

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    1999-01-01

    The resources discussed in this week's In The News address saving Social Security. Perhaps the most successful and certainly the most popular of the New Deal social welfare programs, Social Security has made a critical difference in the living standards of many older Americans, especially women. However, the program faces difficulty in the years ahead because of the shifting demographic of the American population. An aging population means that, by about the year 2012, more money will be drawn for benefits than is received from payroll taxes, and by 2032, the system's trust fund will be empty. In his State of the Union address, the President signalled a new commitment by his administration to shore up Social Security, primarily by diverting 62 percent of the current and projected future budget surpluses. While some analysts and politicians are wary of the details, particularly the President's idea to invest a portion of this money in the stock market, on the whole, he has received substantial bipartisan support.

  9. Social Work Arts & Sciences

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianyu

    .S. students who report their race/ethnicity identification. Seniors Freshmen Sophomores Juniors Total Arts,004 637 383 Hispanic Ethnicity Non-Hispanic Self-Reported Race Black or African-American American Indian107 751 278 545 312 824 871 788 Theology & Ministry Social Work Nursing Management Law School

  10. Buddhist Social Principles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David W. Chappell

    Gotama Buddha has been called the world’s first psychotherapist, but he was also socially active and spent much of his teaching career on the road engaging all elements of society in dialogue and reform rather than remaining isolated in meditation. Buddhist practice is not primarily a solitary quest, and only at times did the Buddha wander lonely as a rhinoceros.

  11. Bias in Social Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martyn Hammersley; Roger Gomm

    1997-01-01

    Accusations of bias are not uncommon in the social sciences. However, the term 'bias' is by no means straightforward in meaning. One problem is that it is ambiguous. Sometimes, it is used to refer to the adoption of a particular perspective from which some things become salient and others merge into the background. More commonly, 'bias' refers to systematic error:

  12. Socialization of Novice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pogodzinski, Ben

    2012-01-01

    Guided by new structuralism theory, this study examined the context of novice teacher socialization, identified the frequency and substance of interactions between novice teachers and their mentors and other colleagues, and reported on novices' evaluation of the support that they received. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with…

  13. Social health insurance reexamined

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adam Wagstaff

    2010-01-01

    Social health insurance (SHI) is enjoying something of a revival in parts of the developing world. Many countries that have in the past relied largely on tax finance (and out-of-pocket payments) have introduced SHI, or are thinking about doing so. And countries with SHI already in place are making vigorous efforts to extend coverage to the informal sector. Ironically, this

  14. Social health insurance reexamined

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adam Wagstaff

    2007-01-01

    Social health insurance (SHI) is enjoying something of a revival in parts of the developing world. Many countries that have in the past relied largely on tax finance (and out-of-pocket payments) have introduced SHI, or are thinking about doing so. And countries with SHI already in place are making vigorous efforts to extend coverage to the informal sector. Ironically, this

  15. Curriculum Decisions: Social Realities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leeper, Robert R., Ed.

    This booklet reports six of the major presentations about the social forces that are molding or blasting the schools. Muriel Crosby discusses the developing problems of the city, its people, and its schools along with some community and educational solutions to these problems: redistricting, emphasis on quality education, inner city teacher…

  16. Social Software in Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Todd

    2006-01-01

    Considerable buzz has appeared on the Internet over a group of new tools labeled social software. These tools can expand discussion beyond the classroom and provide new ways for students to collaborate and communicate within their class or around the world. Dickinson College has implemented two of the best-known tools, the wiki and the blog, in…

  17. Social Balance Experiment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is the entry page for participation in the Social Balance Experiment. In this experiment, participants are asked to imagine that they are in a situation in which they have one of five feelings (love, like, neutral, dislike or hate) toward another person named Bill.

  18. Social Policy Report, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This document is comprised of the four 2003 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. Each issue focuses on a single topic as follows: (1)"Do You Believe in Magic?: What We Can Expect from Early Childhood Intervention Programs"…

  19. Social Programs That Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crane, Jonathan, Ed.

    In recent years, social programs for the poor have lost the support of the American public. This book describes some of the very best programs and documents their benefits, demonstrating that we can, in fact, make substantial progress in the fight against educational failure, family dissolution, violent crime, substance abuse, unemployment, and…

  20. Teaching Social Studies Indepth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    2014-01-01

    Social studies, too frequently, is taught in a survey approach whereby pupils obtain subject matter in a shallow manner. Forgetting and hazy recalls are typical of this procedure of instruction. Covering many topics in a relatively short period of time does not make for achievement which is long-lasting. Then too, selected pupils might be left…

  1. Self Assessment for Socializing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Betty

    2011-01-01

    Socializing is an integral part of human relations and auger well for the human development. Defined as "the involvement of students in identifying standards and/or criteria to apply to their work and making judgments about the extent to which they have met these criteria and standards", self assessment by its nature teaches students how to…

  2. Social Network Infiltration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plait, Philip

    2008-05-01

    Social networks are websites (or software that distributes media online) where users can distribute content to either a list of friends on that site or to anyone who surfs onto their page, and where those friends can interact and discuss the content. By linking to friends online, the users’ personal content (pictures, songs, favorite movies, diaries, websites, and so on) is dynamically distributed, and can "become viral", that is, get spread rapidly as more people see it and spread it themselves. Social networks are immensely popular around the planet, especially with younger users. The biggest social networks are Facebook and MySpace; an IYA2009 user already exists on Facebook, and one will be created for MySpace (in fact, several NASA satellites such as GLAST and Swift already have successful MySpace pages). Twitter is another network where data distribution is more limited; it is more like a mini-blog, but is very popular. IYA2009 already has a Twitter page, and will be updated more often with relevant information. In this talk I will review the existing social networks, show people how and why they are useful, and give them the tools they need to contribute meaningfully to IYA's online reach.

  3. Social software: new opportunities for challenging social inequalities in learning?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gwyneth Hughes

    2009-01-01

    Enthusiasts for new social software do not always acknowledge that belonging to e?learning communities depends upon complex and often unresolved identity issues for learners. Drawing on the author’s previous research on belonging in social learning, the paper presents a theory of identity congruence in social learning and brings to the foreground the importance of identities which arise from expressions of

  4. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card Applying for a Social Security Card is easy AND it is FREE! If you DO NOT follow these instructions, we CANNOT process your the items as they apply to that person. 2. Show an address where you can receive the card 10 to 14 days from

  5. A Mobile Social Network on ESP: an Egocentric Social Platform

    E-print Network

    Straight, Aaron

    ). To demonstrate its feasibility, we have ported Musubi, a fully functional mobile social app platform focuses on creating a platform for mobile apps where the primary use of Facebook is to get access to oneA Mobile Social Network on ESP: an Egocentric Social Platform T. J. Purtell Ian Vo Monica S. Lam

  6. Using the General Social Survey to Investigate Social Relationships

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rongjun Sun

    This exercise for a Social Demography class utilizes General Social Survey data to analyze a problem of interest. This activity uses the data software on the SDA Archive. The SDA Archive is an easy-to-use tool to investigate U.S. trends using General Social Survey Data.

  7. Social Software: Participants' Experience Using Social Networking for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batchelder, Cecil W.

    2010-01-01

    Social networking tools used in learning provides instructional design with tools for transformative change in education. This study focused on defining the meanings and essences of social networking through the lived common experiences of 7 college students. The problem of the study was a lack of learner voice in understanding the value of social

  8. Social brains on drugs: tools for neuromodulation in social neuroscience

    PubMed Central

    Fehr, Ernst

    2014-01-01

    Neuromodulators such as serotonin, oxytocin and testosterone play an important role in social behavior. Studies examining the effects of these neuromodulators and others on social cognition and behavior (and their neural underpinnings) are becoming increasingly common. Here, we provide an overview of methodological considerations for those wishing to evaluate or conduct empirical studies of neuromodulation in social neuroscience. PMID:23887816

  9. Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments

    E-print Network

    Fiat, Amos

    Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments EYTAN BAKSHY , Facebook advertising uses information about consumers' peers, including peer affiliations with a brand, prod- uct with the advertised entity. In the first experiment, we randomize the number of social cues present in word

  10. Social Facilitators: Supporting Students with Asperger's Syndrome Social Facilitator

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Social Facilitators: Supporting Students with Asperger's Syndrome Role: Social Facilitator (NB. You with Asperger's Syndrome. To arrange your own 1:1 Social Facilitator sessions once you have been introduced sessions, during Semester 1 2013. Venue: University of Bath, Claverton Down. A few trips to the town centre

  11. Poor Women in a Bind: Social Reproduction Without Social Supports

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mimi Abramovitz

    1992-01-01

    The current effort to use social policy to restore the traditional nuclear family reflects deep-seated fears about the changing structure of the middle-class family, as well as distrust of the caretaking capacity of the poor. The concepts of the family ethic and social reproduction are used to examine and explain the cutbacks in social welfare and the state's increasingly punitive

  12. SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beauchamp, Miriam H.; Anderson, Vicki

    2010-01-01

    Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social

  13. Bowling online: social networking and social capital within the organization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles Steinfield; Joan Moris DiMicco; Nicole B. Ellison; Cliff Lampe

    2009-01-01

    Within an organizational setting, social capital facilitates knowledge management processes in that it enables individuals to locate useful information, draw on resources and make contributions to the network. This paper explores the relationship between various dimensions of organizational social capital and the use of an internal social network site (SNS). We hypothesize that the use of a SNS contributes to

  14. Social Inclusion as an Agenda for Mental Health Social Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nick Gould

    2006-01-01

    Following New Labour's election to office in the UK in 1997, policy initiatives have proliferated relating to mental health. Much of this policy innovation emphasises the social dimensions of mental health and distress, with an emphasis on employment and social inclusion. Paradoxically, this modernization of the mental health agenda comes at a time when mental health social work is struggling

  15. Toward Valuation in Social Work and Social Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cnaan, Ram A.; Kang, Chulhee

    2011-01-01

    Social work and social services are known to be beneficial to society, but to date no systematic valuation of their contribution has been attempted. The aim of this article is to advance our ability to quantify both the known direct benefits and some of the positive externalities of social work. The authors make the case of why valuation is…

  16. The Implications of Social Neuroscience for Social Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPartland, James C.; Pelphrey, Kevin A.

    2012-01-01

    Social disability represents a unifying feature in the diverse group of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Social neuroscience is the study of brain mechanisms supporting interpersonal interaction. In this paper, we review brain imaging studies of the social brain and highlight practical applications of these scientific insights.…

  17. Social attitudes and social status: A multivariate and multinational analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo EKEHAMMAR; INGRID NILSSON; J SIDANIUS

    1989-01-01

    Summary-The study was initiated against the background of the divergent results obtained when studying social class and social attitudes relationships. Because of the multidimensional nature of these constructs, the aim was to simultaneously investigate the associations between different aspects of social class and different aspects of sociopolitical attitudes. using adolescent samples (N = 1136) from three different nations. Bivariate and

  18. Social Avoidance and Distress, the CPI and Social Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haemmerlie, Frances M.; And Others

    Many people appear to suffer from social anxiety. To explore how socially anxious people function in a number of domains, Watson and Friend's (1969) Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SAD) was administered to 101 undergraduate students. Subjects also completed the California Personality Inventory (CPI) and the Psychosocial Support Inventory…

  19. Social Signal Processing: Understanding Nonverbal Communication in Social Interactions

    E-print Network

    Vinciarelli, Alessandro

    in human sciences have shown that nonverbal communication is the main channel through which we express to automatically infer social signals from nonverbal behavioral cues detected through sensors? · Is it possiblSocial Signal Processing: Understanding Nonverbal Communication in Social Interactions Alessandro

  20. Social Software: New Opportunities for Challenging Social Inequalities in Learning?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Gwyneth

    2009-01-01

    Enthusiasts for new social software do not always acknowledge that belonging to e-learning communities depends upon complex and often unresolved identity issues for learners. Drawing on the author's previous research on belonging in social learning, the paper presents a theory of identity congruence in social learning and brings to the foreground…

  1. Social Studies and the Social Order: Transmission or Transformation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley, William B.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author brings a historical perspective to the perennial question, "Should social studies teachers work to transmit the status quo or to transform it?" Should they transmit or transform the social order? When one looks at the question of education for social transformation in the context of American history, three prevailing…

  2. Promoting Social Network Awareness: A Social Network Monitoring System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cadima, Rita; Ferreira, Carlos; Monguet, Josep; Ojeda, Jordi; Fernandez, Joaquin

    2010-01-01

    To increase communication and collaboration opportunities, members of a community must be aware of the social networks that exist within that community. This paper describes a social network monitoring system--the KIWI system--that enables users to register their interactions and visualize their social networks. The system was implemented in a…

  3. Social Work Manpower and Social Indicators: Rural and Urban Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munson, Carlton

    1978-01-01

    Hypotheses tested were: social work manpower levels will correlate with population by state; number of undergraduate programs will not correlate as highly with population by state as number of graduate schools; specific social indicators will positively correlate with manpower variables; specific social indicators will correlate with population…

  4. Social Anxiety and Adolescents' Friendships: The Role of Social Withdrawal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biggs, Bridget K.; Vernberg, Eric M.; Wu, Yelena P.

    2012-01-01

    Research indicates social anxiety is associated with lower friendship quality, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. This 2-month longitudinal study examined social withdrawal as a mediator of the social anxiety-friendship quality link in a sample of 214 adolescents (M[subscript age] = 13.1 years, SD = 0.73) that included an…

  5. Masculinity, Educational Achievement and Social Status: A Social Network Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lusher, Dean

    2011-01-01

    This study utilises a quantitative case study social network approach to explore the connection between masculinity and scholastic achievement in two secondary, all-boys schools in Australia. In both schools two social networks representing social status are explored: the "friendship" network as a measure of status that includes emotional…

  6. SocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics

    E-print Network

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    worse when botnets make use of legitimate social media, such as Facebook and Twitter, to launch botnet;2 and some botnets were even taken down by law enforcement agencies [6], the majority of adversariesSocialImpact: Systematic Analysis of Underground Social Dynamics Ziming Zhao, Gail-Joon Ahn

  7. One Health in social networks and social media.

    PubMed

    Mekaru, S R; Brownstein, J S

    2014-08-01

    In the rapidly evolving world of social media, social networks, mobile applications and citizen science, online communities can develop organically and separately from larger or more established organisations. The One Health online community is experiencing expansion from both the bottom up and the top down. In this paper, the authors review social media's strengths and weaknesses, earlier work examining Internet resources for One Health, the current state of One Health in social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube) and online social networking sites (e.g. LinkedIn and ResearchGate), as well as social media in One Health-related citizen science projects. While One Health has a fairly strong presence on websites, its social media presence is more limited and has an uneven geographic distribution. In work following the Stone Mountain Meeting,the One Health Global Network Task Force Report recommended the creation of an online community of practice. Professional social networks as well as the strategic use of social media should be employed in this effort. Finally, One Health-related research projects using volunteers (citizen science) often use social media to enhance their recruitment. Including these researchers in a community of practitioners would take full advantage of their existing social media presence. In conclusion, the interactive nature of social media, combined with increasing global Internet access, provides the One Health community with opportunities to meaningfully expand their community and promote their message. PMID:25707189

  8. Online Social Network Sites and the Concept of Social Capital

    E-print Network

    Steinfield, Charles

    and other resources (boyd & Ellison, 2007; Ellison et al., 2007). Such SNS benefits are derived from social from this body of work, and to examine the underlying mechanisms through which social capital benefits strategies, as well as aid designers who are adding social features to many new forms of online media

  9. Social psychology in India: Social roots and development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janak Pandey; Purnima Singh

    2005-01-01

    Although applied practical knowledge of social behaviours can be traced to the rich Indian intellectual traditions in philosophy, religious texts, social?political treatises and reform movements from the ancient period, the scientific social psychology in India began in the 1920s mostly as a borrowed discipline from the West. This article reviews briefly the historical background of psychology as a scientific discipline

  10. Social information changes the brain

    PubMed Central

    Fernald, Russell D.; Maruska, Karen P.

    2012-01-01

    Social animals live in complex physical and social environments requiring them to attend and rapidly respond to social and environmental information by changing their behavior. A key social influence is rank or status, a ubiquitous element in animal societies. Rank typically regulates access to reproduction and other resources, among other consequences for individuals. Because reproduction is arguably the most important event in any animals’ life, understanding how reproduction is regulated by social status and related physiological factors can instruct our understanding of evolutionary change. This article reviews evidence from a model social system in which reproduction is tightly controlled by social status. Surprisingly, changes in social status have rapid and profound effects over very short time scales and radically alter overt behavior, as well as physiological, cellular, and molecular factors that regulate reproductive capacity. PMID:23045669

  11. Social sensing and its display

    E-print Network

    Telhan, Orkan

    2007-01-01

    This thesis proposes a public interface that functions as a social catalyst in public spaces. Like a smart mirror, it intends to reflect the social identity of the environment and increase sensibility towards the place and ...

  12. Local Experts in Social Media

    E-print Network

    Bachani, Vandana

    2013-12-04

    The problem of finding topic experts on social networking sites has been a continued topic of research. This thesis addresses the problem of identifying local experts in social media systems like Twitter. Local experts are experts with a topical...

  13. The Measure of Social Media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alyssa Donigan

    2012-01-01

    As society continually progresses with on-line resources, many business executives utilize social media to promote their brands conveniently and effectively. Not only do businesses strive to use social media effectively for their company, but decision-makers and consultants try to find new ways to use social media for profitable use. Companies employ social media outlets such as YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter

  14. Graduate Social Research Student Handbook

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    Graduate Social Research Student Handbook Current as of: - Fall 2007 - Prepared by Claire H ............................................................................................................3 The CUNY Portal

  15. Boosting social annotations using propagation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shenghua Bao; Bohai Yang; Ben Fei; Shengliang Xu; Zhong Su; Yong Yu

    2008-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of boosting social annotations using propagation, which is also called social propagation. In particular, we focus on propagating social annotations of web pages (e.g., annotations in Del.icio.us). Although social annotations are developing fast, they cover only a small proportion of Web pages on the World Wide Web. To alleviate the low coverage problem,

  16. Federalism and social justice: implications for social work.

    PubMed

    Linhorst, Donald M

    2002-07-01

    Federalism is a system of government that divides power between two or more levels of government. During the current conservative political climate in the United States, power has shifted increasingly from the federal government to states, a move that has implications for the achievement of social justice. Consequently, it is now necessary for social workers to engage in political activity at the state and local levels, in addition to the federal level, to promote social justice. Implications for social work policy practice, research, and education for advancing social justice within the federal system of government are explored. PMID:12194400

  17. Social ties and health: A social neuroscience perspective

    PubMed Central

    Eisenberger, Naomi I.

    2013-01-01

    Research over the last several decades has shown that the health of the body is intimately tied to the strength of our social connections, but why? This article reviews evidence from affective and social neuroscience suggesting that, because of the importance of social ties for mammalian survival, threats to social connection are processed by some of the same neural regions that process basic threats to survival and consequently trigger physiological threat responses that have negative health implications. Likewise, social support is processed by some of the same neural regions that process safety or protection from basic threats and inhibit these same health-relevant physiological threat responses. PMID:23395461

  18. Advancing Gerontological Social Work Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellor, M. Joanna, Ed.; Ivry, Joann, Ed.

    Chapters in this volume reflect a variety of issues related to education for gerontological social work. Chapters in section 1, "Geriatrics and Gerontology in Social Work Education," are: (1) "Social Work's Pursuit of a Common Professional Framework: Have We Reached a Milestone?" (Roberta Greene and Colleen Galambos); (2) "Basic Gerontological…

  19. The Politics of Social Conflict

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andy Wood

    This book provides an alternative approach to the history of social conflict, popular politics and plebeian culture in the early modern period. Based on a close study of the Peak Country of Derbyshire c. 1520–1770, it has implications for understandings of class identity, popular culture, riot, custom and social relations. A detailed reconstruction of economic and social change within the

  20. Intergroup Relations Laboratory Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    of lab: Research in this lab focuses on issues related to social identity, stereotypes, prejudiceIntergroup Relations Laboratory Social Psychology 1. Name of the lab: Intergroup Relations beliefs about social groups. For example, studies conducted in this lab show that people may express

  1. Social Control Theory and Delinquency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiatrowski, Michael D.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Develops and tests multivariate models of social control theory which simultaneously consider how four bonds to society (attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief) operate in relation to delinquency. Suggests a revised formulation of social control, after adding background factors (measures of social class and ability) to the model.…

  2. Social capital in Second Life

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isto Huvila; Kim Holmberg; Stefan Ek; Gunilla Widén-Wulff

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – Second Life is a user-created online virtual world, which is a place where people with shared interests can meet and be together and share information. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Second Life communities foster and nurture social capital, whether social capital within Second Life is related to social capital outside the virtual world, whether

  3. Feminism, Neoliberalism, and Social Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmeichel, Mardi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to analyze the sparse presence of women in social studies education and to consider the possibility of a confluence of feminism and neoliberalism within the most widely distributed National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) publication, "Social Education." Using poststructural conceptions of discourse, the author…

  4. Social Justice Language Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkins, Margaret R.

    2011-01-01

    Social justice language teacher education conceptualizes language teacher education as responding to social and societal inequities that result in unequal access to educational and life opportunities. In this volume authors articulate a global view of Social Justice Language Teacher Education, with authors from 7 countries offering a theorized…

  5. Why Social Work Needs Mapping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillier, Amy

    2007-01-01

    Relative to other fields, social work has been slow to adopt geographic information systems (GIS) as a tool for research and practice. This paper argues that GIS can benefit social work by: (1) continuing and strengthening the social survey tradition; (2) providing a framework for understanding human behavior; (3) identifying community needs and…

  6. Seven Rules for Social Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firebaugh, Glenn

    2008-01-01

    "Seven Rules for Social Research" teaches social scientists how to get the most out of their technical skills and tools, providing a resource that fully describes the strategies and concepts no researcher or student of human behavior can do without. Glenn Firebaugh provides indispensable practical guidance for anyone doing research in the social

  7. Computational Social Science Riccardo Pietri

    E-print Network

    and nowa- days technologies such as smartphones and Online Social Networks. CSS's studies are aimedPrivacy in Computational Social Science Riccardo Pietri Kongens Lyngby 2013 IMM-M.Sc.-2013-68 #12;Summary The goal of the thesis is to give an overview of privacy management in Computa- tional Social

  8. Investigating Community and Social Capital

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lori M. Weber

    Investigating Community and Social Capital introduces students to quantitative social science research with a case study on social capital. Some of the concepts illustrated include replication, unit of analysis, level of measurement, analysis over time versus cross-sectional analysis, crosstabulation, creating an index, and correlation.

  9. SOCIALLY INTELLIGENT AGENTS Creating Relationships

    E-print Network

    Cañamero, Lola

    Théberge-Turmel 16 Affective Social Quest: Emotion Recognition Therapy for Autistic Children 133 Katharine: A Babybot that Explores the Social Environment 157 Hideki Kozima 20 Play, Dreams and Imitation in Robota 165 Aude Billard #12;Contents vii 21 Experiences with Sparky, a Social Robot 173 Mark Scheeff, John Pinto

  10. Social Value and Adult Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamb, Penny

    2011-01-01

    An examination of the current government policy discourse on social value and the capturing of social impact leads immediately into the centre of the fast-moving and transforming public-sector reform agenda. The thinking around social value takes an individual to the heart of contracting, localism, the relationship between the public sector and…

  11. Social Justice Lessons and Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jason D.

    2011-01-01

    Assigning activities based on current or past events allows students to explore mathematics in a social context. Using social justice events in the mathematics classroom is a way for teachers to provide contextual problems that will reach all students and promote equity. Learning mathematics in an environment in which social issues are explored…

  12. Explorations in Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tie'er, Shi

    2013-01-01

    Social work education leans toward the applied approach emphasizing the practical and experiential. At present, many schools still offer social work education in the traditional academic model emphasizing textual learning. This approach is not suitable to the knowledge, student or teacher orientation in social work, and its pedagogy. To develop…

  13. College of Social Work Scholarships

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    College of Social Work Scholarships Complete Scholarship Name Application Deadline Date Contact://cosw.sc.edu/current-students/scholarships-and- fellowships Application Available at: College of Social Work PhD Program To receive scholarship, the student must be a current participant of the College of Social Work Doctoral Program. A participant is awarded

  14. Development and Socialization in Childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM A. CORSARO; Laura Fingerson

    In recent years, we have seen important changes in the conceptuaHzation of early child devel­ opment and socialization in psychology, sociology, and anthropology. In general, these changes involve more of a focus on children's agency in the socialization process, more con­ cern for the importance of social context, and agreement that children's experiences beyond their early years in the family

  15. Social Exclusion Decreases Prosocial Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean M. Twenge; Roy F. Baumeister; C. Nathan DeWall; Natalie J. Ciarocco; J. Michael Bartels

    2007-01-01

    In 7 experiments, the authors manipulated social exclusion by telling people that they would end up alone later in life or that other participants had rejected them. Social exclusion caused a substantial reduction in prosocial behavior. Socially excluded people donated less money to a student fund, were unwilling to volunteer for further lab experiments, were less helpful after a mishap,

  16. Social Competence: A Developmental Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Harris, Jerry D.

    1984-01-01

    Effective peer relations and the enhancement of social interactions in young children play a central role in the discussion of social competence. Developmental issues relevant to the assessment of social competence including perspective taking, conceptions of friendship, interpersonal strategies and problem solving, moral judgments, and…

  17. Critical Social Theory: A Portrait

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Carlos A.

    2012-01-01

    The term Critical Social Theory is employed in this article following the tradition of the Frankfurt School, and particularly the work of Herbert Marcuse and his interpretation of the political and social philosophy of Hegel and Marx. Discussing the contribution of G.W.F. Hegel to social theory Marcuse argued that: "Hegel's system brings to a…

  18. Social Change Education: Context Matters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choules, Kathryn

    2007-01-01

    Social change educators challenge social, economic, and political injustices that exist locally and globally. Their students may be people marginalized by these injustices or conversely, people who benefit from unjust systems. Much of the current social change pedagogy derives from the foundational work of Paulo Freire, developed in Brazil in…

  19. Social Television and User Interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pablo Cesar; Konstantinos Chorianopoulos; Jens F. Jensen

    2008-01-01

    At first glance, the notion of social interactive television seems to be a tautology. Television watching has always been a social activity. People watch television together in their living rooms, and outside their homes they talk about last night's football match; and even call each other to recommend an interesting program. Unfortunately, until recently, research on social interactive television has

  20. Social Change and Criminal Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeffery, C. Ray

    1970-01-01

    The impact of urbanization on criminal law and the extension of law into the area of morality (value systems) are discussed in terms of social control via punishment and deterrence. The impact of the social sciences (psychotherapy, sociology, behavioral science) is covered in terms of social control via rehabilitation and environmental…

  1. Science, Semantics, and Social Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemke, J. L.

    Social semiotics suggests that social and cultural formations, including the language and practice of science and the ways in which new generations and communities advance them, develop as an integral part of the evolution of social ecosystems. Some recent models of complex dynamic systems in physics, chemistry, and biology focus more on the…

  2. Economics of Social Capital &ast

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PARTHA DASGUPTA

    2005-01-01

    The literature on the idea of ‘social capital’ is now enormous. Offering an alternative to impersonal markets and coercive states, the communitarian institutions built around social capital have looked attractive to scholars in the humanities and social sciences. The literature in consequence has a warm glow to it. In this article, I first study the various contexts in which the

  3. Social Psychology and Health Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerjo Kok; Herman Schaalma; Hein De Vries; Guy Parcel; Theo Paulussen

    1996-01-01

    This chapter addresses the contribution of social psychology to the field of health education. After a short introduction to health education, the role of social psychology is addressed. This role is referred to as problem-driven applied social psychology. Subsequently, the chapter describes general and specific theories that can be applied to the analysis of psychosocial determinants of health related behaviours,

  4. Reconciling privacy with social media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heather Richter Lipford; Pamela J. Wisniewski; Cliff Lampe; Lorraine Kisselburgh; Kelly Caine

    2012-01-01

    Social media is one way that individuals share information, present themselves, and manage their social interactions in both personal and professional contexts. While social media benefits have been examined in the literature, relatively little attention has been paid to the relationship of privacy to these benefits. Privacy has traditionally been framed as a way for individuals to protect themselves from

  5. Optimal Social Laws Thomas gotnes

    E-print Network

    Woolridge, Mike

    Optimal Social Laws Thomas Ã?gotnes Dept of Information Science and Media Studies University into account both the benefits and costs of a social law. We investigate the issue of representing a designer Science University of Liverpool Liverpool L69 7ZF UK mjw@liv.ac.uk ABSTRACT Social laws have proved

  6. Ethics consultation in social work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederic G. Reamer

    1995-01-01

    In recent years, social workers have paid increased attention to ethical issues in the profession. Unlike other allied professions, however, social work has not yet cultivated a cadre of ethics consultants to assist practitioners who encounter difficult ethical dilemmas. This article describes the development of ethics consultation in other professions and presents a framework for ethics consultation in social work.

  7. Social Work and Criminal Justice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederic G. Reamer

    2004-01-01

    We shall begin with the principal, and complicated, conclusion: Regrettably, the social work profession has largely abandoned the criminal justice field. That is not to say that social workers are not employed in criminal justice settings. Certainly they are. Significant numbers of social workers earn their living as probation and parole officers, caseworkers in public defender offices, counselors in correctional

  8. Characterizing socially avoidant and affiliative responses to social exclusion

    PubMed Central

    Powers, Katherine E.; Heatherton, Todd F.

    2012-01-01

    Humans have a fundamental need for social relationships. From an evolutionary standpoint, the drive to form social connections may have evolved as an adaptive mechanism to promote survival, as group membership afforded the benefits of shared resources and security. Thus, rejection from social groups is especially detrimental, rendering the ability to detect threats to social relationships and respond in adaptive ways critical. Previous research indicates that social exclusion alters cognition and behavior in specific ways that may initially appear contradictory. That is, although some studies have found that exclusionary social threats lead to withdrawal from the surrounding social world, other studies indicate that social exclusion motivates affiliative social behavior. Here, we review the existing evidence supporting accounts of avoidant and affiliative responses, and highlight the conditions under which both categories of responses may be simultaneously employed. Then, we review the neuroimaging research implicating specific brain regions underlying the ability to detect and adaptively respond to threats of social exclusion. Collectively, these findings are suggestive of neural system highly attuned to social context and capable of motivating flexible behavioral responses. PMID:22787443

  9. Characterizing socially avoidant and affiliative responses to social exclusion.

    PubMed

    Powers, Katherine E; Heatherton, Todd F

    2012-01-01

    Humans have a fundamental need for social relationships. From an evolutionary standpoint, the drive to form social connections may have evolved as an adaptive mechanism to promote survival, as group membership afforded the benefits of shared resources and security. Thus, rejection from social groups is especially detrimental, rendering the ability to detect threats to social relationships and respond in adaptive ways critical. Previous research indicates that social exclusion alters cognition and behavior in specific ways that may initially appear contradictory. That is, although some studies have found that exclusionary social threats lead to withdrawal from the surrounding social world, other studies indicate that social exclusion motivates affiliative social behavior. Here, we review the existing evidence supporting accounts of avoidant and affiliative responses, and highlight the conditions under which both categories of responses may be simultaneously employed. Then, we review the neuroimaging research implicating specific brain regions underlying the ability to detect and adaptively respond to threats of social exclusion. Collectively, these findings are suggestive of neural system highly attuned to social context and capable of motivating flexible behavioral responses. PMID:22787443

  10. SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

    PubMed Central

    Cacioppo, John T.; Berntson, Gary G.; Decety, Jean

    2013-01-01

    Social species create emergent organizations beyond the individual. These emergent structures evolved hand in hand with neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced. Social neuroscience seeks to specify the neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms underlying social behavior, and in so doing to understand the associations and influences between social and biological levels of organization. Success in the field, therefore, is not measured in terms of the contributions to social psychology per se, but rather in terms of the specification of the biological mechanisms underlying social interactions and behavior—one of the major problems for the neurosciences to address in the 21st century. PMID:24409007

  11. SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY.

    PubMed

    Cacioppo, John T; Berntson, Gary G; Decety, Jean

    2010-01-01

    Social species create emergent organizations beyond the individual. These emergent structures evolved hand in hand with neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced. Social neuroscience seeks to specify the neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms underlying social behavior, and in so doing to understand the associations and influences between social and biological levels of organization. Success in the field, therefore, is not measured in terms of the contributions to social psychology per se, but rather in terms of the specification of the biological mechanisms underlying social interactions and behavior-one of the major problems for the neurosciences to address in the 21(st) century. PMID:24409007

  12. Social Influence in Social Advertising: Evidence from Field Experiments

    E-print Network

    Bakshy, Eytan; Yan, Rong; Rosenn, Itamar; 10.1145/2229012.2229027

    2012-01-01

    Social advertising uses information about consumers' peers, including peer affiliations with a brand, product, organization, etc., to target ads and contextualize their display. This approach can increase ad efficacy for two main reasons: peers' affiliations reflect unobserved consumer characteristics, which are correlated along the social network; and the inclusion of social cues (i.e., peers' association with a brand) alongside ads affect responses via social influence processes. For these reasons, responses may be increased when multiple social signals are presented with ads, and when ads are affiliated with peers who are strong, rather than weak, ties. We conduct two very large field experiments that identify the effect of social cues on consumer responses to ads, measured in terms of ad clicks and the formation of connections with the advertised entity. In the first experiment, we randomize the number of social cues present in word-of-mouth advertising, and measure how responses increase as a function of...

  13. Social Criticism Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Frequently updated, this site serves as a well-linked gateway to leftist-friendly reviews, studies, and articles available on the Web on a variety of topics. Some of the dozens of subject headings offered here include "progress and its critics; Science in a free society: open to criticism; rationalism: a guiding principle gone astray; technology and its social side effects; debt boomerang of the Third World; the counterproductive end of economic growth" and many others. Most of these headings have roughly a dozen or more links to articles and reviews by progressive scholars and journalists. The lack of annotations or dates for entries are a drawback, but the volume and breadth of materials offered here makes the site a valuable resource for those wishing to access social criticism from the left online.

  14. Great Social Theorists

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Elwell, Frank W.

    It's pretty hard to argue with Professor Frank W. Elwell's list of great social theorists, as he brings together Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim and other intellectual heavyweights on this site. The purpose of bringing together these luminaries and their writings is "to promote greater understanding of classical macro-social theory." A rather laudable cause indeed, and Professor Elwell has devoted sections to each of these authors, and several others, including Auguste Comte and W.E.B. Dubois. In each section, visitors can read selections from their major works and also click through to other relevant online resources. Finally, visitors can also learn about Professor Elwell's own scholarly endeavors, including his book "Macrosociology: Four Modern Theorists".

  15. Globalisation and social policy.

    PubMed

    Langmore, J

    2001-01-01

    This paper discusses six major themes: that economic and social issues are closely interdependent and that the appropriate stance is to work on both together, simultaneously; that though the threats from globalisation have been exaggerated, there can be substantial costs as well as considerable benefits; that constraints on national policy are significant but are less severe than is commonly considered; that the vitality-the vigour-of national and international political processes must be increased to cope effectively with the changes which are underway; that the private sector, unions and civil society have crucial roles in the provision of services and in advocating socially responsible values, standards and policies; and that one of the most effective means of addressing the erosion of national autonomy from globalisation is for countries to cooperate in setting and implementing shared objectives and international standards and establishing more global public goods. PMID:12219761

  16. Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale

    PubMed Central

    Contractor, Noshir S.; DeChurch, Leslie A.

    2014-01-01

    The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one person’s attitudes and behaviors affect another’s) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the “who” and the “how” of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

  17. Social Identity, Social Ties and Social Capital: A Study in Gaming Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jiang, Hao

    2012-01-01

    This work will focus on how different social relationships, namely shared identity and personal tie, will impact cooperative behavior, a form of social capital. I designed and conducted an economic game study to show that shared identity and personal ties work differently on cooperation among people and resource flow in social groups. Many factors…

  18. Social Literacy: A Social Skills Seminar for Young Adults with ASDs, NLDs, and Social Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Mary Riggs

    2011-01-01

    All adults need strong social skills to find and keep a job, establish relationships, and participate fully in adult life--but building these skills can be a special challenge for people with autism, Asperger syndrome, nonverbal learning disorder, social anxiety, and other disorders affecting social learning. Give them the essential support they…

  19. Social marketing and social influences: Using social ecology as a theoretical framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katie Collins; Alan Tapp; Ashley Pressley

    2010-01-01

    Social marketing has traditionally been dominated by an individualistic model of design. In this work, the authors apply a social ecology model to the theory and practice of social marketing, demonstrating that a multilevel framework is required to fully expose and account for the complexity of sociocultural and environmental effects. The authors have generated a diagnostic tool for this use.

  20. Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: From Social Stimuli Processing to Social Engagement

    PubMed Central

    Billeke, Pablo; Aboitiz, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    Social cognition consists of several skills which allow us to interact with other humans. These skills include social stimuli processing, drawing inferences about others’ mental states, and engaging in social interactions. In recent years, there has been growing evidence of social cognitive impairments in patients with schizophrenia. Apparently, these impairments are separable from general neurocognitive impairments, such as attention, memory, and executive functioning. Moreover, social cognition seems to be a main determinant of functional outcome and could be used as a guide to elaborate new pharmacological and psychological treatments. However, most of these studies focus on individual mechanisms and observational perspectives; only few of them study schizophrenic patients during interactive situations. We first review evidences of social cognitive impairments both in social stimuli processing and in mental state attribution. We focus on the relationship between these functions and both general cognitive impairments and functional outcome. We next review recent game theory approaches to the study of how social engagement occurs in schizophrenic patients. The advantage of using game theory is that game-oriented tasks can assess social decision making in an interactive everyday situation model. Finally, we review proposed theoretical models used to explain social alterations and their underlying biological mechanisms. Based on interactive studies, we propose a framework which takes into account the dynamic nature of social processes. Thus, understanding social skills as a result of dynamical systems could facilitate the development of both basic research and clinical applications oriented to psychiatric populations. PMID:23444313

  1. Does Online Social Media Lead to Social Connection or Social Disconnection?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twenge, Jean M.

    2013-01-01

    Today’s young generation (often called "Millennials," "GenY," or "Generation Me") are the first to grow up with the Internet and social networking websites. Have these experiences led to more and better social connections, or fewer and atrophied ones? Social media use may lead to online political action such as signing an e-mail petition but does…

  2. Personalized Socially Assistive Robotics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maja J Mataric; Adriana Tapus; David Feil-Seifer

    The start of the 21st century, with its confluence of scientific and technological sophistication, presents a unique opportunity for robotics to positively impact human quality of life. Significant and growing societal needs include the lack of personalized one-on-one care for the growing populations of elderly individuals, children with developmental disorders, and those with special life-long cognitive and social needs. Developing

  3. Brazil's New Social Theatre

    E-print Network

    Ferná ndez, Oscar

    1968-10-01

    Telescópio (The Telescope), A Moratória (The Moratorium), Pedreira das Almas (Quarry of Souls), Vereda da Salvação (Path to Salvation), A Escada (The Ladder), and Os Ossos do Barão (The Baron's Bones). But the truly socially-minded generation of writers... he could not reach while alive. Dias Gomes presents all this with a steadily developing dramatic pressure that leads to a most effective climax and crowning denouement, although not completely devoid of a melodramatic touch, as the dead peasant...

  4. Politics and Social Movements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Darren E. Sherkat

    Religion has been a central topic of study among social movement theorists, even if this often goes unnoticed or unmentioned.\\u000a Scholars examining deprivation theories looked to new religious movements and sectarian groups for substantive examples (Lofland & Stark, 1965). Resource mobilization theory was forged on Mayer Zald’s studies of the YMCA, and Zald has long argued that religious organizations\\u000a and

  5. Affinity driven social networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruyú, B.; Kuperman, M. N.

    2007-04-01

    In this work we present a model for evolving networks, where the driven force is related to the social affinity between individuals of a population. In the model, a set of individuals initially arranged on a regular ordered network and thus linked with their closest neighbors are allowed to rearrange their connections according to a dynamics closely related to that of the stable marriage problem. We show that the behavior of some topological properties of the resulting networks follows a non trivial pattern.

  6. Embodiment in social psychology

    E-print Network

    Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John, A.

    2012-01-01

    representation of morality. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 757-767. Moeller, S. K., Robinson, M. D., & Zabelina, D. L. (2008). Personality dominance and preferential use of the vertical dimension of space: Evidence from spatial attention paradigms... physiological arousal affects emotions (Schachter, 1959) to examining the influence of high temperatures on aggressive behaviors (Griffit & Veitch, 1971), social psychologists have traditionally been aware that people think, feel, and act inside their bodies...

  7. Embodiment in social psychology

    E-print Network

    Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John, A.

    2012-01-01

    ., & Zabelina, D. L. (2008). Personality dominance and preferential use of the vertical dimension of space: Evidence from spatial attention paradigms. Psychological Science, 19, 355–361. Niedenthal, P. M., Barsalou, L. W., Winkielman, P., Krauth-Gruber, S... - ogy. From addressing how physiological arousal affects emotions (Schachter, 1959) to examining the influence of high temperatures on aggressive behaviors (Griffit & Veitch, 706 B. P. Meier et al. ?Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2012) 1971), social...

  8. Social percolation models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Solomon, Sorin; Weisbuch, Gerard; de Arcangelis, Lucilla; Jan, Naeem; Stauffer, Dietrich

    2000-03-01

    We here relate the occurrence of extreme market shares, close to either 0 or 100%, in the media industry to a percolation phenomenon across the social network of customers. We further discuss the possibility of observing self-organized criticality when customers and cinema producers adjust their preferences and the quality of the produced films according to previous experience. Comprehensive computer simulations on square lattices do indeed exhibit self-organized criticality towards the usual percolation threshold and related scaling behaviour.

  9. Sparking Social Innovations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivier Serrat

    2010-01-01

    {Excerpt} Necessity is the mother of invention. The demand for good ideas, put into practice, that meet pressing unmet needs and improve people’s lives is growing on a par with the agenda of the 21st century. In a shrinking world, social innovation at requisite institutional levels can do much to foster smart, sustainable globalization.\\u000aIn consequence of successive scientific revolutions,

  10. Social and Environmental Connections

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Rice

    The coffee industry rests upon the production of a global commodity that has grown two-fold in volume and 3.5 times in value since the 1960s, generating in the process billions of annual export dollars. This article discusses coffee's history as a global commodity, and its environmental and social implications. Occupying some 10 million hectares globally, millions of small producers and

  11. Prejudice as Social Norms

    E-print Network

    Sechrist, Gretchen B.; Stangor, Charles

    2005-01-01

    , identification, and continuous interaction. Once groups are formed, group members learn the appropriate attitudes about their and other groups from the other group members. Group members pressure each other to conform to group norms and standards... is an important dimension of intergroup prejudice, stating that: “Much prejudiced behavior does not stem from prejudiced attitudes or motives, nor even from faulty information, but rather from the need to conform to prevailing social norms or from simple...

  12. Grandpa's Social Security

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This simple example shows how algebra can be useful in the real world by exploring the question: Should Grandpa start receiving his Social Security benefits at age 62 or should he wait until age 65? This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

  13. Giraffe social behaviour

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David M. Pratt; Virginia H. Anderson

    1985-01-01

    Many features recommend the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) for behavioural study: it is big, abundant, conspicuous, active by day, reasonably trusting of people, deliberate, and the best self-marked animal in existence. Surprisingly, its social behaviour has been largely neglected.We studied giraffe exclusively for the following periods: February–March, 1975 and January–December, 1977 in the Serengeti National Park, July 1979–June 1980 in the

  14. Social Science Research Council

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1923 (and last reviewed by the Scout Report on November 3, 1998), the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is an independent non-profit organization with ongoing research projects on every continent, most of which are designed to encourage innovation and to help social scientists engage broader constituencies. Some of the council's key interests include children and armed conflict, economic growth, international migration, and global security and cooperation. From the website, visitors can learn about the most recent project initiatives, which include the initiative on HIV / AIDS, social transformation and emergencies, and humanitarian action. Along with these recent initiatives, visitors may also read about the 30 thematic programs, which are organized into five broad program areas. Graduate students coming to the site will want to definitely take a look at the many fellowship and dissertation funding opportunities offered by the SSRC. Visitors may also browse through the SSRC quarterly publication, Items & Issues, which features essays, roundtables, and other writings by participants in SSRC-sponsored programs.

  15. Sociality influences cultural complexity

    PubMed Central

    Muthukrishna, Michael; Shulman, Ben W.; Vasilescu, Vlad; Henrich, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Archaeological and ethnohistorical evidence suggests a link between a population's size and structure, and the diversity or sophistication of its toolkits or technologies. Addressing these patterns, several evolutionary models predict that both the size and social interconnectedness of populations can contribute to the complexity of its cultural repertoire. Some models also predict that a sudden loss of sociality or of population will result in subsequent losses of useful skills/technologies. Here, we test these predictions with two experiments that permit learners to access either one or five models (teachers). Experiment 1 demonstrates that naive participants who could observe five models, integrate this information and generate increasingly effective skills (using an image editing tool) over 10 laboratory generations, whereas those with access to only one model show no improvement. Experiment 2, which began with a generation of trained experts, shows how learners with access to only one model lose skills (in knot-tying) more rapidly than those with access to five models. In the final generation of both experiments, all participants with access to five models demonstrate superior skills to those with access to only one model. These results support theoretical predictions linking sociality to cumulative cultural evolution. PMID:24225461

  16. [Social conditions of stuttering].

    PubMed

    Mielke, U

    1993-01-01

    Sixty-seven stuttering and 50 non-stuttering children, all of them aged between three and five years, were investigated regarding their social conditions in an interdisciplinary study. Numerous studies so far conducted into family circumstances of stuttering children and adolescents have supported diverse conclusions regarding the parent-child relationship, personality traits of parents as well as their style of child raising and social status. Most of the resulting publications have concentrated on children from whom stuttering symptoms had been recordable for several years, so that it was not safely verifiable whether the parental behaviour described had been one of the causal factors for stuttering of children or a belated response to that stuttering. The author's own investigations showed significant differences with regard to presence in a day nursery in the child's first year, space conditions at home, attention given to the child, physical exercise, occupational satisfaction of mothers and self-appraising qualities of fathers. These differences, on balance, are interpreted to the effect that in the individual case stuttering may be affected by psychosocial conditions and would then call for therapeutic action, although it appears to be obvious that there are no stutter-specific social factors. These results are likely to confirm experience obtained from work with stuttering individuals by numerous medical doctors, teachers in lalopathology and psychologists who found that in general manifestations of stuttering may be caused and affected by a number of factors, both endogenic and exogenic. PMID:8259319

  17. Neurobiology of social attachments.

    PubMed

    Coria-Avila, Genaro A; Manzo, Jorge; Garcia, Luis I; Carrillo, Porfirio; Miquel, Marta; Pfaus, James G

    2014-06-01

    Many types of social attachments can be observed in nature. We discuss the neurobiology of two types (1) intraspecific (with a partner) and (2) parental (with the offspring). Stimuli related to copulation facilitate the first, whereas pregnancy, parturition and lactation facilitate the second. Both types develop as consequence of cohabitation. These events seem to stimulate similar neural pathways that increase (1) social recognition, (2) motivation, reward; and (3) decrease fear/anxiety. Subregions of the amygdala and cortex facilitate social recognition and also disinhibition to decrease rejection responses. The interrelationship between MeA, BNST, LS may mediate the activation of NAcc via the mPOA to increase motivation and reward. Cortical areas such as the ACC discriminate between stimuli. The interaction between OT and D2-type receptors in NAcc shell facilitates intraspecific attachment, but D1-type appears to facilitate parental attachment. This difference may be important for maternal females to direct their attention, motivation and expression of attachment toward the appropriate target. PMID:24769402

  18. Socially synchronized circadian oscillators

    PubMed Central

    Bloch, Guy; Herzog, Erik D.; Levine, Joel D.; Schwartz, William J.

    2013-01-01

    Daily rhythms of physiology and behaviour are governed by an endogenous timekeeping mechanism (a circadian ‘clock’). The alternation of environmental light and darkness synchronizes (entrains) these rhythms to the natural day–night cycle, and underlying mechanisms have been investigated using singly housed animals in the laboratory. But, most species ordinarily would not live out their lives in such seclusion; in their natural habitats, they interact with other individuals, and some live in colonies with highly developed social structures requiring temporal synchronization. Social cues may thus be critical to the adaptive function of the circadian system, but elucidating their role and the responsible mechanisms has proven elusive. Here, we highlight three model systems that are now being applied to understanding the biology of socially synchronized circadian oscillators: the fruitfly, with its powerful array of molecular genetic tools; the honeybee, with its complex natural society and clear division of labour; and, at a different level of biological organization, the rodent suprachiasmatic nucleus, site of the brain's circadian clock, with its network of mutually coupled single-cell oscillators. Analyses at the ‘group’ level of circadian organization will likely generate a more complex, but ultimately more comprehensive, view of clocks and rhythms and their contribution to fitness in nature. PMID:23825203

  19. Can Computers be Social?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ekdahl, Bertil

    2002-09-01

    Of main concern in agent based computing is the conception that software agents can attain socially responsible behavior. This idea has its origin in the need for agents to interact with one another in a cooperating manner. Such interplay between several agents can be seen as a combinatorial play where the rules are fixed and the actors are supposed to closely analyze the play in order to behave rational. This kind of rationality has successfully being mathematically described. When the social behavior is extended beyond rational behavior, mere mathematical analysis falls short. For such behavior language is decisive for transferring concepts and language is a holistic entity that cannot be analyzed and defined mathematically. Accordingly, computers cannot be furnished with a language in the sense that meaning can be conveyed and consequently they lack all the necessary properties to be made social. The attempts to postulate mental properties to computer programs are a misconception that is blamed the lack of true understanding of language and especially the relation between formal system and its semantics.

  20. Oxytocin and Social Motivation

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, Ilanit; Martin, Carina; Feldman, Ruth; Leckman, James F.

    2011-01-01

    Humans are fundamentally social creatures who are ‘motivated’ to be with others. In this review we examine the role of oxytocin (OT) as it relates to social motivation. OT is synthesized in the brain and throughout the body, including in the heart, thymus, gastrointestinal tract, as well as reproductive organs. The distribution of the OT receptor (OTR) system in both the brain and periphery is even more far-reaching and its expression is subject to changes over the course of development. OTR expression is also sensitive to changes in the external environment and the internal somatic world. The OT system functions as an important element within a complex, developmentally sensitive biobehavioral system. Other elements include sensory inputs, the salience, reward, and threat detection pathways, the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress response axis. Despite an ever expanding scientific literature, key unresolved questions remain concerning the interplay of the central and peripheral components of this complex biobehavioral system that dynamically engages the brain and the body as humans interact with social partners over the course of development. PMID:21984889

  1. Social Psychology Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Plous, Scott

    With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâ??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâ??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâ??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

  2. Conservando la Biodiversidad a travs

    E-print Network

    Haller, Gary L.

    Amiental F&ES Escuela de Silvicultura y Estudios Ambientales de la Universidad de Yale GEI Gas de Efecto Leadership & Training Initiative F&ES Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies GHG Greenhouse Gas ISO

  3. The Social Ecology of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ennett, Susan T.; Foshee, Vangie A.; Bauman, Karl E.; Hussong, Andrea; Cai, Li; Reyes, Heathe Luz McNaughton; Faris, Robert; Hipp, John; DuRant, Robert

    2008-01-01

    A conceptual framework based on social ecology, social learning, and social control theories guided identification of social contexts, contextual attributes, and joint effects that contribute to development of adolescent alcohol misuse. Modeling of alcohol use, suggested by social learning theory, and indicators of the social bond, suggested by…

  4. Different Aspects of Social Network Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohsen Jamali; Hassan Abolhassani

    2006-01-01

    A social network is a set of people (or organizations or other social entities) connected by a set of social relation- ships, such as friendship, co-working or information exchange. Social network analysis focuses on the analysis of patterns of relationships among people, organizations, states and such social entities. Social network analysis provides both a visual and a mathematical analysis of

  5. Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Undergraduate Social Work Program Student Handbook September 2012 Helen Bader School of Social://www.uwm.edu/Dept/SSW #12;Department of Social Work Mission To promote and effect positive change through social work of social justice. To create and disseminate knowledge leading to social work and inter

  6. Supplementary application information of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    Supplementary application information Bachelor of Social Work Bachelor of Social Work Your service/social change experience Human service/social change is defined as providing social work related to application form for guidelines. Education equity Both Carleton University and the School of Social Work have

  7. Discovering Overlapping Groups in Social Media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xufei Wang; Lei Tang; Huiji Gao; Huan Liu

    2010-01-01

    The increasing popularity of social media is shortening the distance between people. Social activities, e.g., tagging in Flickr, book marking in Delicious, twittering in Twitter, etc. are reshaping people's social life and redefining their social roles. People with shared interests tend to form their groups in social media, and users within the same community likely exhibit similar social behavior (e.g.,

  8. IBM Software Group Whitepaper The Social Business

    E-print Network

    that successfully transform into a Social Business can potentially reap great benefits ­ among them the ability as social computing and social media are integrated into enterprise design. What does it mean to be a SocialLotus IBM Software Group Whitepaper The Social Business Advent of a new age #12;2 The Social

  9. Social visual contact, a primary "drive" for social animals?

    PubMed

    Perret, Audrey; Henry, Laurence; Coulon, Marion; Caudal, Jean-Pierre; Richard, Jean-Pierre; Cousillas, Hugo; Hausberger, Martine; George, Isabelle

    2015-05-01

    Social animals are always searching for conspecifics, thereby expressing a genuine "social need". This need is illustrated by the fact that social isolation can induce isolation syndromes that can be attenuated by devices such as mirrors. Social contacts appear to be so vital for social animals that they may be ready to work to obtain social stimulations. We used operant conditioning to investigate the possibility to use visual contact (through pictures of conspecifics) as a primary reinforcer. Isolated European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) were offered the choice of seeing either social images (i.e. pictures of conspecifics) or non-social images (i.e. pictures of landscapes or pictures of monkeys) by triggering sensors. In contrast with most studies, our subjects were presented still pictures of conspecifics and not videos. Moreover, these pictures were used as primary reinforcers and thus were not paired with food. Our data show that starlings were ready to work and to use the apparatus (i.e. sensors) to see pictures in the absence of any other reward. Moreover, they actively and significantly preferred pictures of conspecifics to pictures of inanimate objects (landscapes) or of heterospecifics (monkeys). This suggests that 2D pictures with a social overtone can be used as primary reinforcers for isolated social birds. PMID:25604422

  10. Social anxiety and social norms in individualistic and collectivistic countries

    PubMed Central

    Schreier, Sina-Simone; Heinrichs, Nina; Alden, Lynn; Rapee, Ronald M.; Hofmann, Stefan G.; Chen, Junwen; Ja Oh, Kyung; Bögels, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Background Social anxiety is assumed to be related to cultural norms across countries. Heinrichs and colleagues [1] compared individualistic and collectivistic countries and found higher social anxiety and more positive attitudes toward socially avoidant behaviors in collectivistic than in individualistic countries. However, the authors failed to include Latin American countries in the collectivistic group. Methods To provide support for these earlier results within an extended sample of collectivistic countries, 478 undergraduate students from individualistic countries were compared with 388 undergraduate students from collectivistic countries (including East Asian and Latin American) via self report of social anxiety and social vignettes assessing social norms. Results As expected, the results of Heinrichs and colleagues [1] were replicated for the individualistic and Asian countries but not for Latin American countries. Latin American countries displayed the lowest social anxiety levels, whereas the collectivistic East Asian group displayed the highest. Conclusions These findings indicate that while culture-mediated social norms affect social anxiety and might help to shed light on the etiology of social anxiety disorder, the dimension of individualism-collectivism may not fully capture the relevant norms. PMID:21049538

  11. Cultural Aspects in Social Anxiety and Social Anxiety Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Hofmann, Stefan G.; Asnaani, Anu; Hinton, Devon E.

    2010-01-01

    To examine cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder (SAD), we reviewed the literature on the prevalence rates, expressions, and treatments of social anxiety/SAD as they relate to culture, race, and ethnicity. We further reviewed factors that contribute to the differences in social anxiety/SAD between different cultures, including individualism/collectivism, perception of social norms, self-construal, gender roles, and gender role identification. Our review suggests that the prevalence and expression of social anxiety/SAD depends on the particular culture. Asian cultures typically show the lowest rates, whereas Russian and US samples show the highest rates, of SAD. Taijin kyofusho is discussed as a possible culture-specific expression of social anxiety, although the empirical evidence concerning the validity of this syndrome has been mixed. It is concluded that the individual's social concerns need to be examined in the context of the person's cultural, racial, and ethnic background in order to adequately assess the degree and expression of social anxiety and social anxiety disorder. This has direct relevance for the upcoming DSM-V. PMID:21132847

  12. An experimental manipulation of social comparison in social anxiety.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Melissa A; Schmidt, Norman B

    2014-01-01

    Negative self-appraisal is thought to maintain social anxiety particularly when comparing oneself to others. Work on social comparison suggests that gender may moderate the effects of social comparison in social anxiety. Self-appraisals of the desirability of one's personality may be more important to women, whereas self-appraisal of signs of anxiety may be more important to men. Within each gender, those with high social anxiety are expected to report more negative self-appraisal when comparing themselves to someone else described as high achieving. This study is the first we are aware of that examined gender-based interactive effects after a social comparison manipulation. Participants read a bogus profile of a fellow student's adjustment to college. They were randomly assigned to read a profile suggesting that the fellow student was "high achieving" or more normative in his/her achievements. When comparing to a "high achieving" individual, men with high social anxiety reported the most negative self-appraisals of their signs of anxiety. In addition, greater social anxiety was associated with a poorer self-appraisal of personality only among men. The implications of the findings for conceptualizing the role of social comparison in social anxiety are discussed. PMID:24779421

  13. Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds.

    PubMed

    White, David J; Gersick, Andrew S; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

    2012-07-01

    The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of 'social complexity' across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments 'trained' individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

  14. Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds

    PubMed Central

    White, David J.; Gersick, Andrew S.; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

    2012-01-01

    The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of ‘social complexity’ across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments ‘trained’ individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended. PMID:22641827

  15. Social mindfulness: skill and will to navigate the social world.

    PubMed

    Van Doesum, Niels J; Van Lange, Dion A W; Van Lange, Paul A M

    2013-07-01

    Although one may not always see it, social life often involves choices that make people act in ways that are mindful of others or not. We adopt an interdependence theoretical approach to the novel concept of social mindfulness, which we conceptualize in terms of other-regarding choices involving both skill (to see it, e.g., theory of mind, perspective taking) and will (to do it, e.g., empathic concern, prosocial orientation) to act mindfully toward another person's control over outcomes. We operationalized social mindfulness in a new social decision-making paradigm that focuses on leaving or limiting choice options for others that we tested across 7 studies. Studies 1a through 1c showed that people with other-oriented mindsets left interdependent others more choice than people with self-oriented and/or unspecified mindsets. Studies 2a and 2b revealed that people developed more favorable judgments of a socially mindful than of a socially unmindful person. Study 3 revealed that unknown others with trustworthy (vs. untrustworthy) faces were met with more social mindfulness. Study 4 revealed that social mindfulness could be traced in personality by being positively related to Honesty-Humility and Agreeableness (HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised) as well as to Empathy (Interpersonal Reactivity Index) and a prosocial value orientation (SVO). Together, these studies contribute to explaining how social mindfulness can help people to navigate the social world by aiming to maximize other people's control over their situational outcomes. PMID:23647176

  16. Build your own social network laboratory with Social Lab: a tool for research in social media.

    PubMed

    Garaizar, Pablo; Reips, Ulf-Dietrich

    2014-06-01

    Social networking has surpassed e-mail and instant messaging as the dominant form of online communication (Meeker, Devitt, & Wu, 2010). Currently, all large social networks are proprietary, making it difficult to impossible for researchers to make changes to such networks for the purpose of study design and access to user-generated data from the networks. To address this issue, the authors have developed and present Social Lab, an Internet-based free and open-source social network software system available from http://www.sociallab.es . Having full availability of navigation and communication data in Social Lab allows researchers to investigate behavior in social media on an individual and group level. Automated artificial users ("bots") are available to the researcher to simulate and stimulate social networking situations. These bots respond dynamically to situations as they unfold. The bots can easily be configured with scripts and can be used to experimentally manipulate social networking situations in Social Lab. Examples for setting up, configuring, and using Social Lab as a tool for research in social media are provided. PMID:24061930

  17. Social identity change: shifts in social identity during adolescence.

    PubMed

    Tanti, Chris; Stukas, Arthur A; Halloran, Michael J; Foddy, Margaret

    2011-06-01

    This study investigated the proposition that adolescence involves significant shifts in social identity as a function of changes in social context and cognitive style. Using an experimental design, we primed either peer or gender identity with a sample of 380 early- (12-13 years), mid- (15-16 years), and late-adolescents (18-20 years) and then measured the effect of the prime on self-stereotyping and ingroup favouritism. The findings showed significant differences in social identity across adolescent groups, in that social identity effects were relatively strong in early- and late-adolescents, particularly when peer group identity rather than gender identity was salient. While these effects were consistent with the experience of change in educational social context, differences in cognitive style were only weakly related to ingroup favouritism. The implications of the findings for theory and future research on social identity during adolescence are discussed. PMID:20547418

  18. The Social Work Reinvestment Initiative: advocacy and social work practice.

    PubMed

    Talbot, Elizabeth Peffer; McMillin, Joan A

    2014-07-01

    In 2006, NASW launched the Social Work Reinvestment Initiative by granting each state chapter $15,000 in seed money to address the most pressing social work needs in the state. This article describes how NASW-SD, with 246 members, launched an epic campaign that resulted in the establishment of the only MSW program in South Dakota. Using historical research methods, this article demonstrates the power of social work advocacy when members unify in pursuit of a common goal and describes how the social workers rallied to educate policymakers and the public on the value of social work and its delivery of necessary social services at all levels and in all fields of practice. The research highlights an uphill battle of advocacy and the skillful planning and implementation of a campaign to secure state funding to establish the first MSW program in the state, at the beginning of the most difficult economic recession since the Great Depression. PMID:25076644

  19. The Relationship between Social Anxiety and Social Support in Adolescents: A Test of Competing Causal Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calsyn, Robert J.; Winter, Joel P.; Burger, Gary K.

    2005-01-01

    This study compared the strength of competing causal models in explaining the relationship between perceived support, enacted support, and social anxiety in adolescents. The social causation hypothesis postulates that social support causes social anxiety, whereas the social selection hypothesis postulates that social anxiety causes social support.…

  20. Treatments to Increase Social Awareness and Social Skills

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suzannah J. Ferraioli; Sandra L. Harris

    \\u000a There is an extensive literature on methods for increasing the social awareness and social skills of people with autism spectrum\\u000a disorders (ASDs) of every diagnostic category and every age. This work varies in research quality from the mediocre to the\\u000a exemplary, although the exemplary are outnumbered by the less rigorous. One reason for the focus on treating social behaviors\\u000a is

  1. How social is the social psychology of emotion?

    PubMed

    Parkinson, Brian

    2011-09-01

    Two classic studies published 50 years ago showed how other people provide information that shapes the activation and interpretation of emotions. The present paper traces development of the social psychology of emotions from this starting point. Subsequent research into group-based and social appraisal has advanced understanding of the impact of social information on emotions and suggested new ways of investigating associated phenomena. Although potential integrations of interpersonal and group-oriented approaches offer promise for the future, the continuing focus on emotions as cognitively mediated effects of social factors should broaden to encompass dynamic relational processes. PMID:21884541

  2. Social anxiety modulates amygdala activation during social conditioning

    PubMed Central

    Hermann, Andrea; Vaitl, Dieter; Stark, Rudolf

    2013-01-01

    Aversive social learning experiences might play a significant role in the aetiology of social anxiety disorder. Therefore, we investigated emotional learning and unlearning processes in healthy humans using a social conditioning paradigm. Forty-nine healthy subjects participated in a 2-day fMRI differential conditioning protocol. Acquisition and extinction were conducted on Day 1 and extinction recall on Day 2. BOLD responses, ratings and skin conductance responses were collected. Our data indicate successful conditioning and extinction on the neural and subjective level. As a main result, we observed a positive correlation of social anxiety and conditioning responses on the subjective level (valence and fear) as well as on the neural level with significant CS+/CS? differentiation in the left amygdala and the left hippocampus. Further, significant CS+/CS? differentiation in the left amygdala was found during extinction and was associated with lower scores in social anxiety. During extinction recall, we found a tendentially negative correlation of social anxiety and CS+/CS? differentiation in the vmPFC. In sum, we were able to show that social anxiety is related to conditionability with socially threatening stimuli. This could point to an important aspect in the aetiology of social anxiety disorder. PMID:22198970

  3. Threats to social identity can trigger social deviance.

    PubMed

    Belmi, Peter; Barragan, Rodolfo Cortes; Neale, Margaret A; Cohen, Geoffrey L

    2015-04-01

    We hypothesized that threats to people's social (i.e., group) identity can trigger deviant attitudes and behaviors. A correlational study and five experiments showed that experiencing or recalling situations associated with the devaluation of a social identity caused participants to endorse or engage in deviant actions, including stealing, cheating, and lying. The effect was driven by the tendency to construe social identity threats not as isolated incidents but as symbolic of the continuing devaluation and disrespectful treatment of one's group. Supplementing sociological approaches to deviance and delinquency, the results suggest the relevance and utility of a social-psychological account. PMID:25713172

  4. Kinship and Social Organization

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Brian Schwimmer (University of Manitoba; Department of Anthropology)

    1995-01-01

    In this tool, students are introduced to kinship, defined as the most basic principle of organizing individuals into social groups, roles, and categories. Since this tutorial was written for college students, much of the text is beyond the average high-school student. Nevertheless, high-school teachers can use much of the material effectively, including the fundamentals of kinship; the descriptions and flow charts of patrilineal, matrilineal, and dual descent; and the chapter on household and domestic organization. Examples of various cultures are also informative and include photographs, but much of the text will be difficult for high-school students to follow.

  5. Communicating science in social settings

    PubMed Central

    Scheufele, Dietram A.

    2013-01-01

    This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists—driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication—to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future. PMID:23940341

  6. World Social Science Report 2010

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Where are people most likely to study the social sciences? Where are most of the academic publications in social sciences based? These are but a few of the questions asked (and answered) within the pages of the World Social Sciences Report 2010. The report was compiled by a blue-ribbon panel of social science experts. Interestingly, this report was a follow-up to the World Social Science Report published in 1999. The report has a number of positive findings, including the observation that the social sciences are "taught almost everywhere and their research results are widely disseminated, increasingly by new information technologies." The full report is 444-pages, and it includes chapters on the fragmentation of knowledge, the divide between academic disciplines, and the "sometimes tense relations between academics and society." For those who might be pressed for time, there is also a 28-page executive summary available here. [KMG

  7. The Social Value Requirement Reconsidered.

    PubMed

    Wertheimer, Alan

    2014-12-01

    It is widely assumed that it is ethical to conduct research with human subjects only if the research has social value. There are two standard arguments for this view. The allocation argument claims that public funds should not be devoted to research that lacks social value. The exploitation avoidance argument claims that subjects are exploited if research has no social value. The primary purpose of this article is to argue that these arguments do not succeed. The allocation argument has little relevance to commercial research. Social value is not necessary to avoid exploitation if subjects benefit from participation. Although the standard arguments for a social value requirement do not succeed, that view might be justified in a different way. It might be justified by appeal to the importance of social trust or the integrity of physician investigators. It is possible but doubtful that these arguments succeed. PMID:25470450

  8. The neuroendocrinology of social isolation.

    PubMed

    Cacioppo, John T; Cacioppo, Stephanie; Capitanio, John P; Cole, Steven W

    2015-01-01

    Social isolation has been recognized as a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality in humans for more than a quarter of a century. Although the focus of research has been on objective social roles and health behavior, the brain is the key organ for forming, monitoring, maintaining, repairing, and replacing salutary connections with others. Accordingly, population-based longitudinal research indicates that perceived social isolation (loneliness) is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality independent of objective social isolation and health behavior. Human and animal investigations of neuroendocrine stress mechanisms that may be involved suggest that (a) chronic social isolation increases the activation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenocortical axis, and (b) these effects are more dependent on the disruption of a social bond between a significant pair than objective isolation per se. The relational factors and neuroendocrine, neurobiological, and genetic mechanisms that may contribute to the association between perceived isolation and mortality are reviewed. PMID:25148851

  9. Predicting social ties in mobile phone networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huiqi Zhang; Ram Dantu

    2010-01-01

    A social network dynamically changes since the social relationships (social ties) change over time. The evolution of a social network mainly depends on the evolution of the social relationships. The social-tie strengths of person-to-person are different one another even though they are in the same group. In this paper we investigate the evolution of person-to-person social relationships, quantify and predict

  10. Egypt: Social Responsibility Disclosure Practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aly Salama

    This paper offers updated evidence on social disclosure trends in Egypt. It examines whether Egyptian companies care about\\u000a the community as an important stakeholder in their Internet social reporting. In doing so, the paper employs content analysis\\u000a to measure and explore the social responsibility self-disclosure practices of major Egyptian companies in their online annual\\u000a reports and\\/or Websites. The analysis shows

  11. Social ties and mental health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ichiro Kawachi; Lisa F. Berkman

    2001-01-01

    It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted\\u000a review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined\\u000a as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First,\\u000a the pathways by which social networks

  12. Social reward among juvenile mice

    PubMed Central

    Panksepp, J B; Lahvis, G P

    2007-01-01

    Mammalian social relationships, such as mother–offspring attachments and pair bonds, can directly affect reproductive output. However, conspecifics approach one another in a comparatively broad range of contexts, so conceivably there are motivations for social congregation other than those underlying reproduction, parental care or territoriality. Here, we show that reward mediated by social contact is a fundamental aspect of juvenile mouse sociality. Employing a novel social conditioned place preference (SCPP) procedure, we demonstrate that social proximity is rewarding for juvenile mice from three inbred strains (A/J, C57BL/6J and DBA/2J), while mice from a fourth strain (BALB/cJ) are much less responsive to social contact. Importantly, this strain-dependent difference was not related to phenotypic variability in exploratory behavior or contextual learning nor influenced by the genetic background associated with maternal care or social conditioning. Furthermore, the SCPP phenotype was expressed early in development (postnatal day 25) and did not require a specific sex composition within the conditioning group. Finally, SCPP responses resulted from an interaction between two specifiable processes: one component of the interaction facilitated approach toward environments that were associated with social salience, whereas a second component mediated avoidance of environmental cues that predicted social isolation. We have thus identified a genetically prescribed process that can attribute value onto conditions predicting a general form of social contact. To our knowledge, this is the first definitive evidence to show that genetic variation can influence a form of social valuation not directly related to a reproductive behavior. PMID:17212648

  13. Communication Gaps in Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naohiro Matsumura; David E. Goldberg; Xavier Llorà

    2005-01-01

    In the paper, we first present an approach to extract social networks from message boards on the Internet. Then we measure\\u000a structural features of 3,000 social networks extracted from 3,000 message boards from 15 categories in Yahoo!Japan Message\\u000a Boards to prove the relationships between the features and the categories. Using hierarchical cluster analysis, we show three\\u000a types of social networks.

  14. Social Progress Web Gallery

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Canadian Museum of Civilization (CMC) (originally reviewed in the April 21, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences) has recently unveiled a new section that will chronicle social progress in Canada. The first two exhibits, available in both English and French, document the history of the Canadian labor movement and the evolution of Canada's electoral system. The former traces the development of organized labor in Canada from the craft movement through the creation of craft unions to postwar organizing and the challenges of organized labor in the 1980s and 1990s. Each of the six sections offers a selection of short histories and Voices, a collection of photos, texts, and audio pieces (.wav) that showcase the views of people on both sides of the struggle. The content of the second feature, on the History of the Vote, is rather disappointing, more of an advertisement for a related book than a true online exhibit. The feature contains nine "mini-sections" which briefly chart electoral history through the experiences of representative individuals or groups. A timeline and bibliography round out the section.

  15. Social Justice in Pandemic Preparedness

    PubMed Central

    Liaschenko, Joan; Marshall, Mary Faith

    2012-01-01

    Pandemic influenza planning in the United States violates the demands of social justice in 2 fundamental respects: it embraces the neutrality of procedural justice at the expense of more substantive concern with health disparities, thus perpetuating a predictable and preventable social injustice, and it fails to move beyond lament to practical planning for alleviating barriers to accessing care. A pragmatic social justice approach, addressing both health disparities and access barriers, should inform pandemic preparedness. Achieving social justice goals in pandemic response is challenging, but strategies are available to overcome the obstacles. The public engagement process of one state's pandemic ethics project influenced the development of these strategies. PMID:22397337

  16. International Social Survey Programme: ISSP

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is an ongoing project that promotes the cross-national collaboration of social science research. Each year, the 29 member countries of the ISSP contribute data from national social science research projects to an international survey. The topic for the international survey changes every year; past topics have included social inequality, role of government, religion, and national identity. This Website provides general information about the program, a list of international surveys from 1985 to 1999, an archive of data sets used by the ISSP, profiles of participating countries, and a bibliography of publications.

  17. Bringing back the social history.

    PubMed

    Pierce, Mary Clyde; Kaczor, Kim; Thompson, Richard

    2014-10-01

    The social environment of a child is a key determinant of the child's current and future health. Factors in a child's family environment, both protective and harmful, have a profound impact on a child's long-term health, brain development, and mortality. The social history may be the best all-around tool available for promoting a child's future health and well-being. It is a key first step in identifying social needs of a child and family so that they may benefit from intervention. This article focuses on key social history elements known to increase a child's risk of maltreatment and provides case examples. PMID:25242704

  18. Social Security Death Index (SSDI)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    The Social Security Death Index (SSDI), provided by Infobases, Inc., is a searchable database of the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). DMF "contains over 50 million records created from SSA payment records." The database can contain name, social security number, date of birth, date of death, and last residence/lump sum payment information when available, and can be searched on those criteria. Search help is available from the home page. Note that this is not an index of everyone who has died in the United States, but rather an index of people who had Social Security Benefits when they died.

  19. The Possibilities of Network Sociality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Willson, Michele

    Technologically networked social forms are broad, extensive and in demand. The rapid development and growth of web 2.0, or the social web, is evidence of the need and indeed hunger for social connectivity: people are searching for many and varied ways of enacting being-together. However, the ways in which we think of, research and write about network(ed) sociality are relatively recent and arguably restricted, warranting further critique and development. This article attempts to do several things: it raises questions about the types of sociality enacted in contemporary techno-society; critically explores the notion of the networked individual and the focus on the individual evident in much of the technology and sociality literature and asks questions about the place of the social in these discussions. It argues for a more well-balanced and multilevelled approach to questions of sociality in networked societies. The article starts from the position that possibilities enabled/afforded by the technologies we have in place have an effect upon the ways in which we understand being in the world together and our possible actions and futures. These possibilities are more than simply supplementary; in many ways they are transformative. The ways in which we grapple with these questions reveals as much about our understandings of sociality as it does about the technologies themselves.

  20. Social Skills of and Social Environments Produced by Different Holland Types: A Social Perspective on Person-Environment Fit Models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce E. Wampold; Gary Ankarlo; Greg Mondin; Marcelo Trinidad-Carrillo; Brent Baumler; Kristine Prater

    1995-01-01

    A critical aspect of the environment in person-environment models is the nature and density of the social interactions of the members who populate the environment. Because social types solve problems through social mechanisms, it was hypothesized that they would have greatest skills in social coping and that the further the Euclidean distance (in Holland's hexagon) from social, the lower the

  1. Social Capital in a Social Network Framework: An Analysis of Social Spaces in Region of Tarapaca (Chile)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcelo L. Lufin

    This paper uses Social Capital analysis, including Social Networks tools, to evaluate the participation levels in social organization as a context for social interactions. The social area under study includes 10 municipalities located in Region of Tarapaca in Chile, a region that presents some interesting cultural features that are expected to affect the levels of participation and the way in

  2. Immigration and migration in America: social impact and social response.

    PubMed

    Dail, P W

    1988-12-01

    The author discusses various social problems resulting from migration to and within the United States, including poverty, acculturation, education, housing, employment, social adjustment, and family difficulties. The potential impact of migrants on the U.S. society and economy is assessed, and government policy responses to their problems are considered. (SUMMARY IN FRE AND SPA) PMID:12159550

  3. The Analysis of Social Issues by Social Science Majors. Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, D. I.

    The new social studies rationale assumes that concepts learned in a formal school setting can be incorporated into the student's cognitive structure and, further, that students can apply fundamental social studies concepts to analysis of the world's major problems. Teaching, then, concerns itself not with accumulation of factual information but,…

  4. Social learning and technical capital on the social web

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarita Yardi

    2009-01-01

    The social Web is a set of ties that enable people to socialize online, a phenomenon that has existed since the early days of the Internet in environments like IRC, MUDs, and Usenet (e.g. 4, 12). People used these media in much the same way they do now: to communicate with existing friends and to meet new ones. The fundamental

  5. Future Directions: Social Development in the Context of Social Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Killen, Melanie; Smetana, Judith G.

    2010-01-01

    Many societies and cultures have become increasingly diverse and heterogeneous over the past decade. This diversity has a direct bearing on social justice in children's and adolescents' social development. Increased diversity can have positive consequences, such as the possibility for increased empathy, tolerance, perspective taking, and the…

  6. Social capital, social network and identity bonds: a reconceptualization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hao Jiang; John M. Carroll

    2009-01-01

    We argue that along with social network analysis researchers can also benefit from looking at the identity bonding perspective. In this paper, by synthetic and critical reviewing literature on related work from sociology and information science, we provide a new theoretical lens that calls attention to the role played by shared identity in creating social capital.

  7. Social Capital, Social Control, and Changes in Victimization Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawdon, James; Ryan, John

    2009-01-01

    A neighborhood-level model of crime that connects the central dimensions of social capital with specific forms of social control is developed. The proposed model is tested using a structural equation model that predicts changes in empirical Bayes log odds of neighborhood victimization rates between 2000 and 2001 in 41 neighborhoods in South…

  8. Student social graphs: visualizing a student's online social network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey S. Saltz; Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Murray Turoff

    2004-01-01

    Most research applying Social Network Analysis (SNA) to online learning has been focused on understanding the social network of the class as an entity. This work, on the other hand, explores student specific analysis (i.e. analyzing each student individually). This student-centered analysis uses a graphical metaphor to provide the instructor an intuitive understanding of the student's interactions within the class.

  9. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY Possible Careers Market Researcher.sociologyandsocialanthropology.dal.ca Professional Associations The Canadian Anthropology Society - www.cas-sca.ca The Society for Applied Anthropology - www.sfaa.net American Anthropological Association - www.aaanet.org The Canadian Sociology

  10. Social policy and social work education: A historical comparative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas E. Brenner

    2004-01-01

    This is a historical comparative study (Babbie, 1999) in which legislative policy developments and social work curriculum were paralleled to determine the relationship of one to the other. This study explores whether social work education led or lagged the legislative policy process. More specifically, legislative policy developments were considered in terms of dominant paradigms in accordance with the ideas of

  11. Attitudes in social context: A social identity perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael A. Hogg; Joanne R. Smith

    2007-01-01

    Research on attitudes and attitude phenomena occupies a central place in social psychology, but tends to focus mainly on cognitive, intra-individual, and interpersonal dimensions. The normative, group membership, and identity dimensions of attitudes tend to attract less attention. This article approaches attitudes from the perspective of research on group processes, intergroup relations, and social identity, and conceptualises attitudes and attitude

  12. Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives Addressing Social Exclusion in Bangladesh

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    The private sector is often seen as a driver of exclusionary processes rather than a partner in improving the health and welfare of socially-excluded populations. However, private-sector initiatives and partnerships—collectively labelled corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives—may be able to positively impact social status, earning potential, and access to services and resources for socially-excluded populations. This paper presents case studies of CSR projects in Bangladesh that are designed to reduce social exclusion among marginalized populations and explores whether CSR initiatives can increase economic and social capabilities to reduce exclusion. The examples provide snapshots of projects that (a) increase job-skills and employment opportunities for women, disabled women, and rehabilitated drug-users and (b) provide healthcare services to female workers and their communities. The CSR case studies cover a limited number of people but characteristics and practices replicable and scaleable across different industries, countries, and populations are identified. Common success factors from the case studies form the basis for recommendations to design and implement more CSR initiatives targeting socially-excluded groups. The analysis found that CSR has potential for positive and lasting impact on developing countries, especifically on socially-excluded populations. However, there is a need for additional monitoring and critical evaluation. PMID:19761088

  13. Going Social: The Impact of Social Networking in Promoting Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jain, Neelesh Kumar; Verma, Ashish; Verma, Rama Shankar; Tiwari, Prashant

    2012-01-01

    The growth and the popularity of the Social networks has a high impact on the development of the students in the field of Personality, Attitudes, Knowledge and on its whole academic performance in classroom and society. This paper envisage on the impact of Social Network on Education and Training of the students.

  14. Therapeutic Theory and Social Context: A Social Constructionist Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Gordon

    1997-01-01

    Explores the foundation of therapeutic theory from the perspective of social constructionism. Proposes a theoretical description of the interaction between an individual and the social context in the formation of therapeutic theory. Then explores this description in relation to the early life and subsequent therapeutic theory of Carl Rogers. (RJM)

  15. Designing social presence of social actors in human computer interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kwan Min Lee; Clifford Nass

    2003-01-01

    This study examines the interaction effect between user factors and media factors on feelings of social presence which are critical in the design of virtual reality systems and human computer interfaces. Both Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 show that matching synthesized voice personality to user personality positively affects users' (especially extrovert users') feelings of social presence. Experiment 2 also reveals

  16. Religious Discrimination in Social Work Academic Programs: Whither Social Justice?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce A. Thyer; Laura L. Myers

    2009-01-01

    Recent reports in the media have suggested that social work students are being discriminated against within BSW and MSW programs due to their religious beliefs. We review the substance of these public allegations and provide some further examples of religious discrimination occurring within the classroom, in faculty evaluations of students, and in being unfairly dismissed from social work programs. These

  17. f Social Capital in the Survival of Local Social Social Capital in the Survival of Local Social Social Capital in the Survival of Local Social Social Capital in the Survival of Local Social Social Capital in the Survival of Local Social

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W WARDS

    2004-01-01

    Social capital plays a central role in facilitating the mobilization of social movement organizations (SMOs). Do the initial mobilization advantages of social capital persist, however, as movement organizations evolve? And do the strategies pursued by social movement organizations affect these advantages? We investigate these questions through a broad empirical analysis of factors affecting the short-term persistence of local chap- ters

  18. Consumer-oriented social data fusion: controlled learning in social environments, social advertising, and more

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grewe, L.

    2013-05-01

    This paper explores the current practices in social data fusion and analysis as it applies to consumer-oriented applications in a slew of areas including business, economics, politics, sciences, medicine, education and more. A categorization of these systems is proposed and contributions to each area are explored preceded by a discussion of some special issues related to social data and networks. From this work, future paths of consumer-based social data analysis research and current outstanding problems are discovered.

  19. Conceptualising value creation for social change management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebekah Russell-Bennett; Josephine Previte; Nadia Zainuddin

    2009-01-01

    Australian and international governments are increasingly adopting social marketing as a social change management tool to deal with complex social problems. Government decision makers typically need to balance the use of business models and management theories whilst maintaining the integrity of government policy. In taking this approach, decision makers experience management tensions between a social mission to equitably deliver social

  20. Modelling Social Action for AI Agents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristiano Castelfranchi

    1998-01-01

    In the new AI of the 90s an important stream is artificial social intelligence. In this work basic ontological categories for social action, structure, and mind are introduced. Sociality (social action, social structure) is let emerge from the action and intelligence of individual agents in a common world. Also some aspects of the way-down—how emergent collective phenomena shape the individual

  1. What are social media? Making use of social media in research Other uses of social media Use of Social Media in Mathematical Research

    E-print Network

    Stockie, John

    What are social media? Making use of social media in research Other uses of social media Use of Social Media in Mathematical Research John Stockie Department of Mathematics Simon Fraser University http://www.math.sfu.ca/stockie Computational Fluid Dynamics Research Group July 22, 2013 Social Media in Mathematical Research John Stockie

  2. Dissertation Proposal: Social Capital in Online Communities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Smith

    Online communities are connecting hordes of individuals and generating rich social network data. The social capital that resides within these networks is lar gely unknown. We propose to create a gen- eral framework for measuring and leveraging social capital based upon explicit social networks, implicit affinities, and the mobilization of social resources. The re sulting quantitative models are used to

  3. Postgraduate Courses Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences

    E-print Network

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    Applied Social Research 109 Child Protection and Welfare 110 Drug and Alcohol Policy 111 Child Protection and Welfare 113 Disability Studies 114 M.Phil. Courses Social Work Research 112 #12; Head of School: Dr OF SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL POLICY 106 Named Degree Courses Master in Social Work (M.S.W.) 108 MSc Courses

  4. 2014-2015Series Social Work

    E-print Network

    MacAdam, Keith

    2014-2015Series College of Social Work University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern....................................................... 3 SocialWork Social work is one of the major social professions concerned with human well, so that people are better served. The Bachelor of Arts degree program in Social Work is accredited

  5. Jane Addams College of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Jane Addams College of Social Work SOCIAL WORK Mailing Address: Jane Addams College of Social Work://www.uic.edu/jaddams/college/ Dean of the Jane Addams College of Social Work: Creasie Finney Hairston Director of Graduate Studies: Christopher G. Mitchell The Jane Addams College of Social Work offers work leading to the Doctor of Philosophy

  6. UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Social Work 544 Foundation Field Practice ­ Spring the College of Social Work Ethical Academic and Professional Conduct Code that is in the College of Social Work MSSW Handbook. (www.csw.utk.edu) Students are also expected to sign and adhere to the Social Work

  7. Social Work Experience and Development in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sibin, Wang

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the experience and limitations of government-run social work and the nonprofessional nature of social work, and suggests that the rapid development of social work and its professionalization are the inevitable results of the reform in the system. The author maintains that under market socialism, social work requires the…

  8. APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Argerami, Martin

    APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION BACHELOR OF SOCIAL WORK FACULTY OF SOCIAL WORK MISSION STATEMENT "The social work program of education, research and community service is designed to prepare students for critical generalist social work practice with diverse peoples. Informed by the principles of social justice

  9. Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work Checklist of Orientation Content for Social Work/8/08 #12;Florida Atlantic University School of Social Work Acknowledgement of Risk in the Social Work Field Placement This document is designed to inform you of the potential risks associated with the social work

  10. UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK Social Work 544 Foundation Field Practice ­ Spring of Social Work Ethical Academic and Professional Conduct Code that is in the College of Social Work MSSW Handbook. (www.csw.utk.edu) Students are also expected to sign and adhere to the Social Work Field

  11. Growing Businesses Organically on the Social Farm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Smaldone; Vivek Pathak; Liviu Iftode

    We propose to create and operate businesses on top of online social networks through our Social Farm model. The Social Farm leverages the connectivity and trust relationships available in online social networks to create and operate businesses using the programming interface provided by online social networks. Our proposal aims to automate the tasks of nding partners, implementing the business workow,

  12. Variability in Autistic Children's Social Responsiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fein, Deborah; And Others

    This study attempted to systematically explore the range of variation in social response in 17 subjects (ages 5 to 15) with infantile autism. To collect observational data on social initiations, social responses, social monitoring with eye contact, and responses to specific types of social events, subjects were observed during free play in their…

  13. Languages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    has real impact on national and international social policy and on sociological debates. This meansLanguages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Sociology BSc (Hons) Social Policy BSc (Hons) Sociology and Social Policy BSc (Hons) Social Sciences #12;www

  14. Understanding socially intelligent agents - a multilayered phenomenon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Per Persson; Jarmo Laaksolahti; Peter Lönnqvist

    2001-01-01

    The ultimate purpose with socially intelligent agent (SIA) technology is not to simulate social intelligence per se, but to let an agent give an impression of social intelligence. Such user-centred SIA technology, must consider the everyday knowledge and expectations by which users make sense of real, fictive, or artificial social beings. This folk-theoretical understanding of other social beings involves several,

  15. Integrating Faith Matters in Social Work Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Williams; Alex Smolak

    2007-01-01

    Faith matters were crucial in the birth of the profession of social work. Despite present day social work curriculum rarely addressing faith matters, they are significant factors in the worldview of many clients and social workers. Faith matters can affect social work in nearly all areas of practice. The inclusion of faith matters into the social work curriculum can assist

  16. Doctorate of Social Work Program Handbook THE SOCIAL WORK DOCTORAL PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Jerry

    1 Doctorate of Social Work Program Handbook Fall 2011 #12;2 THE SOCIAL WORK DOCTORAL PROGRAM UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK REVISED AUGUST 20111 THE PH.D. PROGRAM ....................................................................................................6 SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK HISTORY

  17. Churn in Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karnstedt, Marcel; Hennessy, Tara; Chan, Jeffrey; Basuchowdhuri, Partha; Hayes, Conor; Strufe, Thorsten

    In the past, churn has been identified as an issue across most industry sectors. In its most general sense it refers to the rate of loss of customers from a company's customer base. There is a simple reason for the attention churn attracts: churning customers mean a loss of revenue. Emerging from business spaces like telecommunications (telcom) and broadcast providers, where churn is a major issue, it is also regarded as a crucial problem in many other businesses, such as online games creators, but also online social networks and discussion sites. Companies aim at identifying the risk of churn in its early stages, as it is usually much cheaper to retain a customer than to try to win him or her back. If this risk can be accurately predicted, marketing departments can target customers efficiently with tailored incentives to prevent them from leaving.

  18. Preschool Intervention Through Social Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van den Daele, Leland D.

    This summary on studies on preschool intervention through social learning indicate that a child's mode of orientation and his general level of competence and maturity are, in large part, derived from his social environment. To the extent that specific aspects of that environment can be identified as significant antecedents to behavioral…

  19. Neuroethology of primate social behavior

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Steve W. C.; Brent, Lauren J. N.; Adams, Geoffrey K.; Klein, Jeffrey T.; Pearson, John M.; Watson, Karli K.; Platt, Michael L.

    2013-01-01

    A neuroethological approach to human and nonhuman primate behavior and cognition predicts biological specializations for social life. Evidence reviewed here indicates that ancestral mechanisms are often duplicated, repurposed, and differentially regulated to support social behavior. Focusing on recent research from nonhuman primates, we describe how the primate brain might implement social functions by coopting and extending preexisting mechanisms that previously supported nonsocial functions. This approach reveals that highly specialized mechanisms have evolved to decipher the immediate social context, and parallel circuits have evolved to translate social perceptual signals and nonsocial perceptual signals into partially integrated social and nonsocial motivational signals, which together inform general-purpose mechanisms that command behavior. Differences in social behavior between species, as well as between individuals within a species, result in part from neuromodulatory regulation of these neural circuits, which itself appears to be under partial genetic control. Ultimately, intraspecific variation in social behavior has differential fitness consequences, providing fundamental building blocks of natural selection. Our review suggests that the neuroethological approach to primate behavior may provide unique insights into human psychopathology. PMID:23754410

  20. Teaching Social Studies through Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massalias, Byron G.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Suggests ways to use eight literary works in social studies teaching. Works include Sophocles'"Antigone," Shikibu's "The Tale of Genji," Austen's "Pride and Prejudice," Tolstoy's "War and Peace," Camus'"The Stranger," and Ellison's "The Invisible Man." Analyzes each work's theme, content, and style; relationship to social studies issues; and…

  1. Social Aspects of Weather Modification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Eugene Haas

    1973-01-01

    A description of the social context and citizen response to three weather modification projects provides an introduction to the discussion of a variety of social and economic issues related to planned weather modification. Various interest groups have markedly different perspectives on weather modification. Most persons subject to the consequences of weather modification have no opportunity to participate in the associated

  2. Schools, Social Capital and Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allan, Julie; Catts, Ralph

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the significance of social capital in relation to education, exploring its relevance to teachers and other professionals as well as among young people. It draws on aspects of five case studies undertaken by the Schools and Social Capital Network, within the Applied Educational Research Scheme in Scotland. These case studies…

  3. Social Studies in African Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adeyemi, Michael B., Ed.

    This collection of essays is organized into two sections: Section 1 deals with general issues in social studies, while Section 2 examines social studies education in Botswana, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Zambia. Essays in Section One are: (1) "The Historical Context of Education in British Colonial Africa" (L.…

  4. XXXVII Indian Social Science Congress,

    E-print Network

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    SEARCH Events Dec 27 XXXVII Indian Social Science Congress, Faculty of Social Science Dec 29 UGC Disrupted due to Replacement of existing switch with a higher one AMU has been ranked 9 th among the INDIAN TOP TEN LIST in its latest world reputation rankings for 2013 by Times Higher Education (THE), UK Prof

  5. Social inclusion and metrolingual practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emi Otsuji; Alastair Pennycook

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we explore the implications of metrolingual language practices for how we understand social inclusion. A vision of social inclusion that includes bi- and multilingual capacities may comprise an appreciation of a diversity of languages other than English, and the skills and capabilities of multilingual language users, yet it is all too often premised on an understanding of

  6. Study Abroad in Social Sciences

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Study Abroad in Social Sciences Studying abroad is increasingly important for social science majors gained are critical to the companies' success. Why should I go abroad? Studying abroad is an opportunity your studies and career. Some of the potential benefits of going abroad include: Experience another

  7. Stuck in the Social Web

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura M. Wight

    2009-01-01

    The growing popularity and sheer number of social web applications is at times overwhelming. As library professionals with busy schedules and limited resources we must learn to discriminate between the technology fad of the week and applications we can capitalize on to improve our services. This session will identify the scope and relevance of social web applications such as Facebook,

  8. Leadership: An Alienating Social Myth?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Gemmill; Judith Oakley

    1992-01-01

    The social construct of leadership is viewed as a myth that functions to reinforce existing social beliefs and structures about the necessity of hierarchy and leaders in organizations. The dynamics of the leadership myth in terms of its consequences for alienation characterized by intellectual and emotional deskilling is discussed. A trend toward massive deskilling on a societal scale is viewed

  9. Measuring Involvement with Social Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nowak, Glen J.; Salmon, Charles T.

    A study applied research concepts from consumer product involvement to test a model for research on involvement with social issues. Issue involvement was defined as the state or level of perceived importance and/or interest evoked by a stimulus (issue) within a specific situation. Attitudes on four social issues--abortion, pornography, the…

  10. Alcohol Impairment and Social Drinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Marsha E.

    Cognitive abilities of social drinkers are generally thought to be affected by alcohol only during acute intoxication, but several studies suggest that sober-state performance may be affected by the quantity of alcohol consumed per drinking episode. Although the findings regarding sober-state mental deficits in social drinkers are inconclusive,…

  11. Comparing Social Tags to Microblogs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria Lai; Christopher Rajashekar; William Rand

    2011-01-01

    As Internet usage and e-commerce grow, online social media serve as popular outlets for consumers to express sentiments about products. On Amazon, users can tag an album with a keyword, while tweets on Twitter represent a more natural conversation. The differing natures of these media make them difficult to compare. This project collects and analyzes social media data for newly

  12. Social class and infantile autism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Gillberg; Helen Schaumann

    1982-01-01

    Twenty infantile autistic children, constituting what is likely to be the majority of the total population of autistic children born in the years 1962 through 1973 and living in Göteborg, Sweden, by the end of 1978, were compared with a random population sample of 59 7-year-old Göteborg children with regard to social class. Two different social classification systems were used,

  13. Social Class and the Extracurriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barratt, Will

    2012-01-01

    Social class is a powerful and often unrecognized influence on student participation in the extracurriculum. Spontaneous student-created extracurricular experiences depend on students affiliating and interacting with each other; student social class is a powerful influence on student affiliations. Students tend to exercise consciousness of kind-…

  14. Social Networking Goes to School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Michelle R.

    2010-01-01

    Just a few years ago, social networking meant little more to educators than the headache of determining whether to penalize students for inappropriate activities captured on Facebook or MySpace. Now, teachers and students have an array of social-networking sites and tools--from Ning to VoiceThread and Second Life--to draw on for such serious uses…

  15. Social Issues and ALA Organization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library Journal, 1987

    1987-01-01

    This report of the events at the American Library Association annual conference summarizes presentations and debates on several social issues as well as a manifesto addressing social and ethical problems that was presented at the conference. A list of officers and awards is provided. (CLB)

  16. Social Cognition and Revictimization Risk

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne P. DePrince

    2005-01-01

    The ability to accurately detect violations in social contracts likely helps people to avoid or to withdraw from relationships in which they are at risk of being cheated or harmed. Betrayal trauma theory argues that detecting violations of social contracts may be counter-productive to survival under certain conditions, such as when a victim is dependent on a perpetrator. When dependent

  17. Socialize spontaneously with mobile applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zimu Liu; Yuan Feng; Baochun Li

    2012-01-01

    With the proliferation of mobile devices in both smartphone and tablet form factors, it is intuitive and natural for users to socially interact with their collaborators or competitors in multi-party conferencing, productivity, or gaming applications. In this paper, we make a case that such social interactions should be much more spontaneous to users in these applications. We design and implement

  18. Comparative Theories of Social Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peter, Hollis W.; And Others

    This symposium report contains various statements of the theory of change and societal growth and maintenance viewed from the perspectives of major social disciplines. Comparative theories in these areas can provide guidelines for predicting, planning, and carrying out social development programs. The theme of the symposium was the problem of…

  19. Social Studies Education in India.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Susskind, Jacob L.

    1978-01-01

    Reviews objectives, content, and problems of social studies education in India. Social studies is a relatively new component of the curriculum and there is little uniformity in its content and methods from state to state. Journal availability: see SO 506 831. (AV)

  20. Corporate Social Responsibility in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Ewing; Lydia Windisch

    Current understandings of corporate social responsibility practices and attitudes have been mainly driven by 'western-centric' data and philosophical approaches. China is undergoing a vast economic boom, and research attention is turning to the practices and attitudes of Chinese firms in regard to corporate social responsibility. The current paper used a qualitative multi-case method to examine CSR motivations, policies, and practices

  1. Social marketing. Loud and clear.

    PubMed

    Carlisle, Daloni

    2009-04-16

    Social marketing is critical to reducing health inequalities by educating and changing the behaviour of the public, but is not a panacea. It is gaining momentum as preventive services and world class commissioning rise in PCT priorities. There is still some confusion about what social marketing means. PMID:19472491

  2. Redistributive taxation and social insurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helmuth Cremer; Pierre Pestieau

    1996-01-01

    This paper studies the role of social insurance as a redistributive mechanism in presence of an optimal (linear or general) income tax. It considers a second-best setting with two unobservable individual characteristics: ability, measured by the wage rate and risk, measured by the probability of incurring a loss. It shows that both tax progressivity and the optimal level of social

  3. Computer Networks As Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry Wellman

    2001-01-01

    Computer networks are inherently social networks, linking people, organizations, and knowledge. They are social institutions that should not be studied in isolation but as integrated into everyday lives. The proliferation of computer networks has facilitated a deemphasis on group solidarities at work and in the community and afforded a turn to networked societies that are loosely bounded and sparsely knit.

  4. Social Mobility and Educational Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dong, Zefang; Wang, Yanbin; Chen, Wenjiao

    2009-01-01

    There is a close interactive relationship between social mobility and educational selection. On one side, the character, direction, speed, level, methods and trends of social mobility affect the aims, goals, functions, scope, strategy, content and methods of choice in education. On the other side, the goals, basis and means of choosing education…

  5. Drugs. Social Issues Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Eleanor C.; And Others

    The Social Issues Resources Series (SIRS) is a set of loose leaf units each of which is addressed to a different social issue. Each unit consists of articles which have been reproduced from newspapers, magazines, journals and government publications representing the prevailing spectrum of opinion, emphasis and complexity. Sixty articles are…

  6. Youth Homelessness and Social Stigma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kidd, Sean A.

    2007-01-01

    Building upon previous exploratory qualitative research (Kidd S.A. (2003) "Child Adol. Social Work J." 20(4):235-261), this paper examines the mental health implications of social stigma as it is experienced by homeless youth. Surveys conducted with 208 youths on the streets and in agencies in New York City and Toronto revealed significant…

  7. The Social Work Practice Doctorate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartocollis, Lina; Cnaan, Ram A.; Ledwith, Kate

    2014-01-01

    This article provides a systematic review of the emerging practice doctorate in social work. Based on the experience of the first such Doctor of Social Work (DSW) program, we provide information regarding the program origins and rationale, development, current structure, and future direction. Such information will enrich the discussion on the role…

  8. Research Project: Social Media Analysis

    E-print Network

    Mannheim, Universität

    Research Project: Social Media Analysis Prof. Dr. Heiner Stuckenschmidt Caecilia Zirn #12;The Chair a research article on data mining for social media analysis ­ Analyze state of the art ­ Develop in JAVA/Python ­ Math, i.e. probability and statistics · Beneficial: ­ Data Mining ­ Natural Language

  9. The Social Organization of Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hedges, Larry V., Ed.; Schneider, Barbara, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    Schools are complex social settings where students, teachers, administrators, and parents interact to shape a child's educational experience. Any effort to improve educational outcomes for America's children requires a dynamic understanding of the environments in which children learn. In "The Social Organization of Schooling", editors Larry Hedges…

  10. Partner effects in social interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David A. Kenny; Thomas E. Malloy

    1988-01-01

    A person's behavior during social interaction is due not only to the person's dispositional characteristics but is also determined by his or her social partner. If a person consistently elicits the same behavior from others, the person has apartner effect. Partner effects in affect, cognition, and behavior are examined. Partner effects in behavior are presumed to be caused by partner

  11. Social Comparison Processes in Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Jerald; Ashton-James, Claire E.; Ashkanasy, Neal M.

    2007-01-01

    We systematically analyze the role of social comparison processes in organizations. Specifically, we describe how social comparison processes have been used to explain six key areas of organizational inquiry: (1) organizational justice, (2) performance appraisal, (3) virtual work environments, (4) affective behavior in the workplace, (5) stress,…

  12. Evolution: Social Selection for Eccentricity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michel Chapuisat

    2004-01-01

    The dress code of paper wasps, like that of humans, is related to their social habits: species with a flexible nest-founding strategy have highly variable black-and-yellow markings. This color polymorphism facilitates individual recognition and might have been selected to permit complex social interactions.

  13. Proposals to Restructure Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter A. Diamond

    1996-01-01

    This paper discusses five proposed changes in Social Security: indexing the normal retirement age to life expectancy (as Sweden is doing); investing part of the trust funds in private securities; partial privatization (as has been proposed by Senators Kerrey and Simpson, Sweden is doing and Mexico has done); replacing Social Security by individually mandated savings (as was done in Chile

  14. Education, social security, and growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Kaganovich; Itzhak Zilcha

    1999-01-01

    We study the role of government's allocation of tax revenues between two outlays: public investment in education (a transfer to the young generation) and social security benefits to the older generation. In an overlapping generations economy with pay-as-you-go social security and altruistically motivated transfers from parents to children, we analyze how the allocation of the tax revenues between the two

  15. The Progressivity of Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia Lynn Coronado; Don Fullerton; Thomas Glass

    2000-01-01

    How much does the current social security system really redistribute from rich to poor? We use the PSID to estimate lifetime wage profiles and actual earnings each year for a sample of 1778 individuals, and we use mortality probabilities to calculate expected payroll taxes and social security benefits. For a given set of facts' about the net flows received by

  16. PHEROMONE BIOSYNTHESIS IN SOCIAL INSECTS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Social insects produce and use a very large number of organic molecules as pheromones to communicate both intra- and interspecifically, and to regulate their social interactions. This review provides an overview of the chemical nature of these compounds and where they are made in the insects, and th...

  17. Social Interactions and Mathematics Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cesar, Margarida

    In the 1970s W. Doise, G. Mugny and A.-N. Perret-Clermont underlined for the first time the essential role played by social interactions in cognitive development. Since then, many authors have been studying social interactions and their mediating role in knowledge apprehension and in skills acquisition. Inspired by L. Vygotsky's theory, many…

  18. Ethics and the social sciences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raymond B. Cattell

    1948-01-01

    The demand has been often reiterated that the sciences of man should overtake or at least reach equivalent development to the physical sciences. Two broad sources of resistance are: (1) internal methodological difficulties, and (2) resistance of those professions or studies already performing in some manner the tasks which social science shall ultimately take over. The view that social science

  19. Advocacy Skills for Social Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Paul Schinke; Richard P. Barth; Betty J. Blythe

    1985-01-01

    Case advocacy in social work is more conceptual than operational. Social work educators can enhance the practice of case advocacy by helping students learn to argue for clients and for professional causes. This paper describes an evaluation of methods to teach graduate students oral and writing skills for case advocacy. Results suggest that students who learned the skills improved the

  20. Transformative Pedagogy for Social Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Peter

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores ways in which pedagogy for an elaborated form of transformative learning can be a useful catalyst for the development of social capital in community and workplace groups and networks. I begin with an example and then explore ideas of learning challenges embedded in building and maintaining social capital. I consider the…