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1

RISCHIO AMBIENTALE E RESPONSABILITÀ AMBIENTALE  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Introduzione Nel gennaio 2002 la Comunità Europea pubblicò la proposta di una Di- rettiva sulla Responsabilità Ambientale concernente la Prevenzione ed il Risanamento di Danni Ambientali. La Direttiva dovrebbe stabilire la responsabilità legale per danni all'ambiente derivanti dall'inquinamen- to del terreno e dell'acqua e per danni alla biodiversità in aree protette. Essa applicherà il principio «chi inquina paga» in

CHARLES PERRINGS

2

COOPERACIÓN Y CONFLICTOS AMBIENTALES LOCALES. ENTRE EMPRESAS, COMUNIDADES, NUEVOS MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES Y EL PAPEL DEL GOBIERNO. EL CASO DE CERRO DE SAN PEDRO (MÉXICO)  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las relaciones de cooperación y conflicto entre una compañia minera y las comunidades, los Nuevos Movimientos Sociales y los tres niveles de gobierno involucrados. La compañia Minera inició operaciones para una mina a cielo abierto de oro y plata con el apoyo de oficiales de los gobiernos locales, estatales y federal. Los habitantes

José G. Vargas-Hernández

2007-01-01

3

La valoraciòn econòmica de bienes y servicios ambientales como herramienta estrategica para la conservaciòn y uso sostenible de los ecosistemas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen El trabajo corresponde a un estudio piloto hacia la implementación de una metodología que permita aproximar el valor monetario de los Bienes y Servicios Ambientales (BSA) ofertados por un ecosistema hídrico, caso “Ciénaga de la Caimanera, municipio de Coveñas, departamento de Sucre-Colombia”, como herramienta estratégica para incentivar la conservación y uso sostenible de los ecosistemas. Avanzar en procesos de

ADOLFO CARBAL HERRERA

2010-01-01

4

Valoración de impactos socio- ambientales del arbolado urbano: una aplicación a la ciudad de Santiago, Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Santiago de Chile es tercero en la lista de ciudades más contaminadas de Latinoamérica, después de Ciudad de México y Sao Paulo, por lo cual la valoración ambiental y social del arbolado urbano en este contexto es de vital importancia. Los proyectos de arbolado urbano ya sea en calles, plazas, parques u otras áreas verdes tienen como propósito, por una

Carmen L. De la Maz; Claudia L. Cerd

2009-01-01

5

Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder)  

MedlinePLUS

What is Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder) Social phobia is a strong fear of being judged by others and of being embarrassed. This ... with social phobia. Share Science News About Social Phobia Bullying Exerts Psychiatric Effects Into Adulthood Brain Imaging ...

6

Boletín No 11: Caracterización del Trabajo Independiente y su Afiliación a la Seguridad Social en Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

El tema central del presente Boletín es aparentemente un tema de coyuntura. En efecto, la afiliación del trabajador independiente al sistema de seguridad social integral está generando arduos debates, económicos y jurídicos, desde la implementación de la Planilla Integrada de Liquidación de Aportes –PILA- a mediados de este año. Sin embargo, el trabajo independiente en relación a la seguridad social

Stefano Farne; Jesus Perdomo; Carlos Andrés Vergara

2008-01-01

7

Social media and social reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Media provide an exciting and novel view into social phenomena. The vast amounts of data that can be gathered from the Internet coupled with massively parallel supercomputers such as the Cray XMT open new vistas for research. Conclusions drawn from such analysis must recognize that social media are distinct from the underlying social reality. Rigorous validation is essential. This

William N. Reynolds; Marta S. Weber; Robert M. Farber; Courtney D. Corley; Andrew J. Cowell; Michelle L. Gregory

2010-01-01

8

Social Individualism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between individuals and society have often been presented from the perspective of the social institution. Social psychology has addressed the variables that affect the individual in relationships with larger groups. Social individualism is a conceptual framework that explores the relationship of the individual and society from the…

Cornille, Thomas A.; Harrigan, John

9

La Observaci?n Sistem?tica de Vecindarios: El caso de Chile y sus perspectivas para Trabajo Social  

PubMed Central

El estudio acerca de las características de los vecindarios y sus efectos sobre las personas ha llegado a ser un área de creciente atención por parte de investigadores de diversas disciplinas en países desarrollados. Aunque actualmente existen diversas metodologías para estudiar efectos del vecindario, una de las más utilizadas es la Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios –Systematic Social Observation SSO, en inglés—porque permite recolectar información acerca de diversas características del entorno físico, social, ambiental y económico de los vecindarios donde se aplica. El objetivo de este artículo es (i) dar a conocer sumariamente algunas investigaciones influyentes sobre efectos del vecindario en Estados Unidos, ii) describir cómo se diseñó e implementó la Observación Sistemática de Vecindarios en la ciudad de Santiago de Chile, iii) señalar algunos facilitadores y obstaculizadores de la implementación del proyecto y, finalmente iv) enunciar posibles contribuciones y limitaciones que esta metodología ofrecería al trabajo social en Chile.

Sanhueza, Guillermo E.; Delva, Jorge; Andrade, Fernando H.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Bares, Cristina; Castillo, Marcela

2012-01-01

10

Social Smoking  

PubMed Central

Background Social smoking is increasingly prevalent and poses a challenge to traditional cessation practices. Tobacco companies conducted extensive research on social smokers long before health authorities did and marketed products to promote this smoking behavior. Purpose Research is described and mechanisms identified that are used to promote social smoking to help improve cessation strategies in this growing group. Evidence acquisition Searches from 2006 to 2008 of previously secret tobacco industry documents using keywords social smoker, light smoker, casual smoker, youth smoker, and occasional smoker, followed by snowball searching. Data analysis was conducted in 2008. Evidence synthesis Tobacco industry research identified characteristics of social smokers that include: (1) denial of personal nicotine addiction; (2) self-categorization as a nonsmoker; (3) propensity for decreased tobacco use in response to smoke-free laws; (4) variations in age, education, ethnicity, and socioeconomic backgrounds; and (5) a perceived immunity to personal health effects of tobacco but fear of consequences to others. Tobacco companies developed marketing strategies aimed at social smokers, including “non–habit forming” cigarettes. Conclusions Previously considered a transient behavior, social smoking is also a stable consumption pattern. Focused clinical questions to detect social smoking are needed and may include, “Have you smoked any cigarettes or used any tobacco products in the past month?” as opposed to “Are you a smoker?” Clinicians should recognize that social smokers might be motivated to quit after education on the dangers of secondhand smoke rather than on personal health risks or with pharmacotherapy.

Schane, Rebecca E.; Glantz, Stanton A.; Ling, Pamela M.

2009-01-01

11

Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on social studies instruction and technology: (1) "Waking the Sleeping Giant: Social Studies Teacher Educators Collaborate To Integrate Technology into Methods' Courses" (Cheryl Mason, Marsha Alibrandi, Michael Berson, Kara Dawson, Rich Diem, Tony Dralle, David Hicks, Tim Keiper, and John Lee); (2)…

White, Cam, Ed.

12

Social Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MySpace and Facebook may have been pioneers in the world of social software, but nowadays, colleges and universities across the country are embracing better and more targeted forms of technology, to enable their campus users to interact. Today, the world of social software includes traditional venues and formats: (1) blogs; (2) wikis; and (3)…

Villano, Matt

2007-01-01

13

[Social phobia].  

PubMed

With a lifetime prevalence of 13% social phobia (social anxiety disorder) is a common and serious condition that should not be played down because of the burden associated with the disorder, an increased suicide rate and the frequent comorbidity with substance abuse disorders. Social phobia is characterized by the excessive and unrealistic fear of being scrutinized or criticized by others. The disorder often begins in adolescence.Symptoms of social phobia can be effectively treated with evidence-based treatment, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and psychopharmacological medications. In the present paper, treatment recommendations are given, which are based on a systematic review of all available randomized trials for the treatment of social phobia. Among psychological therapies, variants of CBT have been proven to be effective in controlled studies. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) venlafaxine are among the drugs of first choice. PMID:24718882

Bandelow, B; Wedekind, D

2014-05-01

14

Social Forecasting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Foresight becomes a science; What is social forecasting; Forecasting methods; Scientific establishments and their production; Scientific-technical forecasting; Medical-biological forecasting; Socioeconomic forecasting, and Geographical and space...

I. V. Bestuzhev-Lada

1970-01-01

15

Social Pollution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social pollution provides the matrix for the pollution of the physical environment. This stems from man's present inability to function synergistically. To find new freedoms in purposeful evolution, we will have to start cleansing our Mind. (Author/SD)

Esser, Aristide Henri

1971-01-01

16

Social Accounting  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter presents an overview of social accounting for nonprofits, which broadens the range of information presented in\\u000a conventional nonprofit accounting to include economic, social, and environmental factors. It also enables the participation\\u000a of a larger group of stakeholders in its formulation. A related issue is that of multiple accountabilities, and several international\\u000a accountability frameworks are highlighted. The chapter then

Laurie Mook

17

New ideas of socialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses attempts to rethink socialism in the light of recent economic, social and political developments such as the rise of neo-liberalism, post-fordism, the demise of state socialism and globalization. It posits four new revisionist models of socialism - individualist socialism, market socialism, citizenship (or radical democratic) socialism and associational socialism. It examines each critically, arguing against the first

Luke Martell

1992-01-01

18

[Social pain].  

PubMed

This chapter focuses on what social pain is and how it should be managed. In order to understand social pain in a cancer patient, it is necessary to recognize the change in the patient's daily life after the diagnosis of cancer. Because the degree of suffering and the relationships with family members and the people he or she worked with differ from patient to patient, it is important to note that the context of social pain is different in each patient. Five points shown below are essential in managing social pain. 1. Economical suffering may be alleviated by utilization of the social security system while taking into account each patient's standard of living. 2. Burdens on family members should be lessened, such as by not having them stay at the patient's bedside every day and letting them go home occasionally. 3. The normal patterns of communication, support, and conflict in the family should be identified, and the extent to which they have been disrupted by the illness should be assessed. 4. It is important to understand the ethnic, cultural, and religious background of the patient and the potential impact of their influence on the individual and the illness. 5. Practical or emotional unfinished business that the patient has needs to be identified, and efforts should be made to support fulfillment. PMID:21950034

Shimoyama, Naohito; Shimoyama, Megumi

2011-09-01

19

FACTORES DE ÉXITO DEL PROCESO DE PUESTA EN MARCHA DE LA EMPRESA: VALORES CULTURALES, REDES SOCIALES Y AYUDAS PÚBLICAS \\/ SUCCESS FACTORS OF THE PROCESS OF ENTERPRISE CREATION: CULTURAL VALUES, SOCIAL NETWORKS AND PROGRAMS OF PUBLIC HELP  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo analizamos el efecto de los valores culturales, las redes sociales y los programas de apoyo de organismos públicos en la puesta en marcha de proyectos empresariales. Los resultados muestran que los individuos con valores culturales de seguridad y universalismo –mixtostienden a finalizar con éxito la creación de su empresa. Por el contrario, determinados valores colectivistas, como la

P. M. García Villaverde; Valencia de Lara. P

2009-01-01

20

Social Engineering hits Social Commerce  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Looking at social commerce, a bunch of bewildering phenomena attracts the attention of social psychologists. The way customers participate today shows attitudes and ethical behavior which cannot be explained from the inherent conditions of Web 2.0 environments alone. Fraud often succeeds, when you do not expect it, and honesty can be found under circumstances that do not support honesty at all. The current situation seems to result from customers assigning experience and ethics from real world business to virtual business environments. But there are indications that this situation may change. Social commerce could suffer as soon as customers would use its inherent weaknesses to their own advantage. The following article outlines first approaches to research into this topic.

Degenhardt, Werner; Wiele, Johannes

21

Schoolhouse Socialism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public schools are part and parcel of socialism. This system of economics does not function well. Not in the Soviet Union, and not in any industry in the United States, certainly including education. The present paper attempts to show that education is no exception to this general rule. (Contains 6 notes.)

Rome, Gregory; Block, Walter

2006-01-01

22

Socials Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eric Sheninger, the principal at New Milford High School in Bergen County, NJ, is well-known in ed tech circles as an evangelist for the use of web 2.0 tools in K-12 education. New Milford has made collaboration a pillar of its educational platform, and Sheninger believes that social media helps students learn how to collaborate. In fact, he…

Raths, David

2013-01-01

23

Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACTMilton Friedman argued that the social responsibility of firms is to maximize profits. This paper examines this argument for the economic environment envisioned by Friedman in which citizens can personally give to social causes and can invest in profit-maximizing firms and firms that give a portion of their profits to social causes. Citizens obtain social satisfaction from corporate social giving,

David P. Baron

2007-01-01

24

Social Goals, Social Behavior, and Social Status in Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines motivational precursors of social status and the applicability of a dual-component model of social competence to middle childhood. Concurrent and longitudinal relationships between self-reported social goals (social development, demonstration-approach, demonstration-avoid goal orientations), teacher-rated prosocial and…

Rodkin, Philip C.; Ryan, Allison M.; Jamison, Rhonda; Wilson, Travis

2013-01-01

25

Socializing Cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The traditional way to study thinking in humans is to investigate cognitive processes in single individuals. The positions\\u000a laid out in this chapter, by contrast, regard social interaction as the default context within which cognition occurs. The\\u000a chapter introduces and discusses the theoretical background as well as relevant empirical findings of three approaches that\\u000a aim at exploring how cognition emerges

Anne Böckler; Günther Knoblich; Natalie Sebanz

2010-01-01

26

Social phobia and interpretation of social events  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested that social phobia may be characterized by two interpretation biases. First, a tendency to interpret ambiguous social events in a negative fashion. Second, a tendency to interpret unambiguous but mildly negative social events in a catastrophic fashion. To assess this possibility, patients with generalized social phobia, equally anxious patients with another anxiety disorder, and non-patient controls

Lusia Stopa; David M Clark

2000-01-01

27

Social ontologies.  

PubMed

There is room for considerable cooperation between archaeology and neuroscience, but in order for this to happen we need to think about the interactions among brain-body-world, in which each of these three terms acts as cause and effect, without attributing a causally determinant position to any one. Consequently, I develop the term social ontology to look at how human capabilities of mind and body are brought about through an interaction with the material world. I look also at the key notion of plasticity to think about not only the malleable nature of human brains, but also the artefactual world. Using an example from the British Iron Age (approx. 750 BC-AD 43), I consider how new materials would put novel demands on the bodies and brains of people making, using and appreciating objects, focusing on an especially beautiful sword. In conclusion, I outline some possible areas of enquiry in which neuroscientists and archaeologists might collaborate. PMID:18292057

Gosden, Chris

2008-06-12

28

Defining socially assistive robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper defines the research area of socially assistive robotics, focusing on assisting people through social interaction. While much attention has been paid to robots that provide assistance to people through physical contact (which we call contact assistive robotics), and to robots that entertain through social interaction (social interactive robotics), so far there is no clear definition of socially assistive

David Feil-Seifer; Maja J Mataric

2005-01-01

29

Development and social capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines social capital and its relation with economic development. We focus on the role that interpersonal relationships play in social exchange, whether through the market or through the provision of public goods. By facilitating search and trust, social capital can increase the efficiency of social exchange where formal institutions are weak. But the benefits from social capital are

Marcel Fafchamps

2006-01-01

30

Enforceable social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study the enforcement of social laws in artificial social systems using a control system. We define the enforceable social law problem as an extension of Tennenholtz' stable social law problem. We distinguish the choice of social laws from the choice of control systems, where the latter leads to new computational problems. We consider also properties of

Guido Boella; Leendert W. N. van der Torre

2005-01-01

31

Nurses and social media.  

PubMed

Nurses' use of social media and other electronic communications has increased significantly with growing numbers of social media opportunities, platforms and applications including blogs, social networking sites, video sites and online chat rooms and forums. PMID:24690934

Farrelly, Rory

32

Social memory, social stress, and economic behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social memory plays a pivotal role in social behaviors, from mating behaviors to cooperative behaviors based on reciprocal altruism. More specifically, social\\/person recognition memory is supposed, by behavioral-economic and game-theoretic analysis, to be required for tit-for-tat like cooperative behaviors to evolve under the N-person iterated prisoner's dilemma game condition. Meanwhile, humans are known to show a social stress response during

Taiki Takahashi

2005-01-01

33

Capturing order in social interactions [Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

As humans appear to be literally wired for social interaction, it is not surprising to observe that social aspects of human behavior and psychology attract interest in the computing community as well. The gap between social animal and unsocial machine was tolerable when computers were nothing else than improved versions of old tools (e.g., word processors replacing typewriters), but today

Alessandro Vinciarelli

2009-01-01

34

Social psychology and social networks: Individuals and social systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Social psychology,and social network,research are both centrally concerned,with human sociality. Despite some historically significant interactions between the two, these areas of investigationhave,not been usefully deployed together in recent research endeavours. This paper attempts tobring out some points of both theoretical and methodological contentions, to characterize the gap between them, to traverse briefly the trajectories of its historical development, and

Garry Robins; Yoshi Kashima

2008-01-01

35

Signals in Social Supernets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social network sites (SNSs) provide a new way to organize and navigate an egocentric social network. Are they a fad, briefly popular but ultimately useless? Or are they the harbingers of a new and more powerful social world, where the ability to maintain an immense network - a social \\

Judith Donath

2007-01-01

36

Social Cognition in Humans  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review a diversity of studies of human social in- teraction and highlight the importance of social sig- nals. We also discuss recent findings from social cognitive neuroscience that explore the brain basis of the capacity for processing social signals. These signals enable us to learn about the world from others, to learn about other people, and to create a

Chris D. Frith; Uta Frith

2007-01-01

37

Social Work Agonistes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work should be founded on a powerful network of diverse practitioners applying the social sciences to advance social welfare today. Instead, social work education operates under the guise of identity politics, reserving its highest appointments for the politically correct and members of under-represented groups, with little concern for…

Stoesz, David

2008-01-01

38

Social Skills Intervention Guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social skills training procedures that can be used in a group format are described. These procedures are contained in the Social Skills Intervention Guide (Elliott & Gresham, 1991) which is a systematic approach to teaching social skills to children between the ages of 6 and 16 years. A system for classifying social skills deficits based on acquisition performance deficits and

Frank M. Gresham; Stephen N. Elliott

1993-01-01

39

Social Insect Networks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social insect colonies have many of the properties of adaptive networks. The simple rules governing how local interactions among individuals translate into group behaviors are found across social groups, giving social insects the potential to have a profound impact on our understanding of the interplay between network dynamics and social evolution.

Jennifer Fewell (Arizona State University;School of Life Sciences)

2003-09-26

40

Counseling and Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author expands on "The Scandal of Social Work Education," a National Association of Scholars study documenting the commitment to left-wing "social justice" in social work programs at ten major public institutions. He presents a critical exploration of social justice ideology in academic and professional mental health training…

Hunsaker, Robert C.

2011-01-01

41

Toward a Social Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, prepared at the request of President Johnson, represents an attempt by social scientists to look at several important aspects of the quality of American Life, and digest what is known about progress toward generally accepted social goals. It is not in itself a social report, but a step toward the development of a social report and a…

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.

42

Social Skills Interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The term “social skills” encompasses an array of learned behaviors that share the common goal of maintaining or increasing\\u000a reinforcement within a social context. Deficits in social skills can occur at any developmental period and are not likely\\u000a to improve spontaneously because impaired social skills impede interactions with other people. In turn, unsatisfying or disruptive\\u000a interactions exacerbate social skill deficits

Ashley J. Smith; Judith A. Jordan; Mary Fran Flood; David J. Hansen

43

Socialization of Social Anxiety in Adolescent Crowds  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we looked at whether social anxiety is socialized, or influenced by peers’ social anxiety, more in some peer\\u000a crowds than others. Adolescents in crowds with eye-catching appearances such as Goths and Punks (here termed Radical), were compared with three comparison groups. Using data from 796 adolescents (353 girls and 443 boys; M\\u000a \\u000a age\\u000a ?=?13.36) at three timepoints,

Nejra Van Zalk; Maarten Herman Walter Van Zalk; Margaret Kerr

44

Gender Differences in Social Support for Socially Anxious Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that social anxiety disorder is a common, chronic, debilitating disorder and socially anxious women appear to have different experiences related to social development and social support than men, it is essential that the gender differences in social anxiety and social support be understood. The present study examined perceived social support quantity and satisfaction in 23 women and 28 men

Lindsay Ham; Sarah A. Hayes; Debra A. Hope

2005-01-01

45

Parental Socialization of Emotion  

PubMed Central

Recently, there has been a resurgence of research on emotion, including the socialization of emotion. In this article, a heuristic model of factors contributing to the socialization of emotion is presented. Then literature relevant to the socialization of children’s emotion and emotion-related behavior by parents is reviewed, including (a) parental reactions to children’s emotions, (b) socializers’ discussion of emotion, and (c) socializers’ expression of emotion. The relevant literature is not conclusive and most of the research is correlational. However, the existing body of data provides initial support for the view that parental socialization practices have effects on children’s emotional and social competence and that the socialization process is bidirectional. In particular, parental negative emotionality and negative reactions to children’s expression of emotion are associated with children’s negative emotionality and low social competence. In addition, possible moderators of effects such as level of emotional arousal are discussed.

Cumberland, Amanda; Spinrad, Tracy L.

2006-01-01

46

Social Security: Cato Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Security Privatization is a web site developed by the Cato Institute that argues for privatizing Social Security to prevent future insolvency. The Social Security system currently collects more in taxes than benefits paid out, with the excess held in the Trust Fund. But this is expected to change in 2014 when the baby boomers and increased longevity of retirees is likely to result in benefits exceeding taxes collected. By 2031, the Trust Fund is expected to be exhausted. Suggestions for reforming Social Security include minor changes to the eligibility requirement or tax rates, allowing part of Social Security contributions to be invested freely, and totally privatizing Social Security.

47

Privacy, Social Network Sites, and Social Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growth of the Internet comes a growth in a ubiquitous networked society. Common Web 2.0 applications include a rapidly growing trend for social network sites. Social network sites typically converged different relationship types into one group of “friends.” However, with such vast interconnectivity, convergence of relationships, and information sharing by individual users comes an increased risk of privacy

David J. Houghton; Adam N. Joinson

2010-01-01

48

Social Mediating Technologies: Social Affordances and Functionalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework for analysing Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) is presented, based on Clark's Theory of Common Ground. Four technologies are reviewed: Facebook, Wikipedia, Blacksburg Electronic Village, and World of Warcraft, to assess their ‘social affordances’, i.e. how communication is supported and how the technologies provide facilities to promote social relationships, groups and communities. The technology affordances are related to motivations

A. G. Sutcliffe; V. Gonzalez; J. Binder; G. Nevarez

2011-01-01

49

Issues in social order and social control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This has been a year in which the foundations of social order and social control have been challenged on a number of fronts around the world and in Canada. The Berlin Wall has fallen and initiated a radical transformation of the European political order. Throughout the communist satellite states the past year has witnessed liberation from political tyranny but not

Thomas O'Reilly-Fleming; Ronald Hinch

1990-01-01

50

Using social media for social activism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses qualitative research methods to analyze how members of the Seattle chapter of a social activist group, Asha for Education, use social media, such as Yahoo! Groups, Microsoft distribution lists, and Facebook to coordinate their organizational activities, fundraise, and build and strengthen community.

Pausali Sen; Irini Spyridakis; Silvia Amtmann; Charlotte P. Lee

2010-01-01

51

Transmission of social attitudes.  

PubMed Central

Data gathered in Australia and England on the social attitudes of spouses and twins are largely consistent with a genetic model for family resemblance in social attitudes. There is substantial assortative mating and little evidence of vertical cultural inheritance.

Martin, N G; Eaves, L J; Heath, A C; Jardine, R; Feingold, L M; Eysenck, H J

1986-01-01

52

SocialFunds.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1998 by Jay Falk, SocialFunds.com serves "the investment needs of socially responsible investors." The site hosts a variety of educational guides on community investing and philanthropy as well as analysts' recommendations and company profiles.

53

Title XX Social Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This pamphlet presents an overall view of title XX social services legislation (Title XX of the Social Security Act of 1974), describes the responsibilities of each State in preparing a Comprehensive Annual Services Program (CASP) Plan, and suggests ways ...

1981-01-01

54

SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work practice content is anchored in the purposes of the social work profession and focuses on strengths, capacities, and resources of client systems in relation to their broader environments. This course focuses on the knowledge of macro approaches to human problems and its importance for generalist social workers. This course will continue to utilize the Generalist Intervention Model introduced

Mike Eichler

55

Social Relationships and Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses 3 variables that assess different aspects of social relationships-social support, social integration, and negative interaction. The author argues that all 3 are associated with health outcomes, that these variables each influence health through different mechanisms, and that associations between these variables and health are…

Cohen, Sheldon

2004-01-01

56

Social Skills Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue for people working in the field of adult literacy focuses on the impact of learning disabilities (LD) on an adult's social skills. It explores various social, emotional, and daily living concerns which adults with learning disabilities may face. The following articles are included: (1) "Social Skills and Adults with Learning…

Washington, Charles W., Ed.

1995-01-01

57

Computers are social actors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new experimental paradigm for the study of human-computer interaction, Five experiments provide evidence that individuals’ interactions with computers are fundamentally social. The studies show that social responses to computers are not the result of conscious beliefs that computers are human or human-like. Moreover, such behaviors do not result from users’ ignorance or from psychological or social

Clifford Nass; Jonathan Steuer; Ellen R. Tauber

1994-01-01

58

Computers are social actors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new experimental paradigm for the study of human-computer interaction, Five experiments provide evidence that individuals' interactions with computers are fundamentally social. The studies show that social responses to computers are not the result of conscious beliefs that computers are human or human-like. Moreover, such behaviors do not result from users' ignorance or from psychological or social

Clifford Nass; Jonathan Steuer; Ellen R. Tauber

1994-01-01

59

Nash social welfare orderings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers the problem of description of social welfare orderings (SWOs) on the entire utility (Euclidean) space Rn satisfying Scale Independence. These orderings and the functions representing them are called the Nash social welfare orderings and the Nash social welfare functions (SWFs), respectively. The more properties of the SWOs into consideration are Strong Pareto and two variants of weakening

Natalia Naumova; Elena Yanovskaya

2001-01-01

60

Defining (Conceptualizing) Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critiques James Barth, Robert Barr, and Sam Shermis' three social studies traditions theory and National Commission on Social Studies task force report. Argues first falsely splits essential social studies components; second creates a curricular hodgepodge. Highlights need to consider values as both affective and cognitive and to create…

Shaver, James P.

1990-01-01

61

Measuring Social Supports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social support has been operationally defined, a lack of conceptual clarity has made measurement modest and unreliable. To investigate the feasibility of measuring social support from a qualitative rather than a quantitative perspective, and to consider negative social interactions in the assessment, 130 college students were administered…

Lehmann, Stan; And Others

62

Nanotechnology and Social Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central claims defended in this article are the following: (a) The social and ethical challenges of nanotechnology can be fully identified only if both the characteristic features of nanotechnologies and the social contexts into which they are emerging are considered. (b) When this is done, a host of significant social context issues, or…

Sandler, Ronald

2007-01-01

63

Teaching Social Studies Creatively.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the issue of creative teaching in social studies. Examines the way the creative classroom looks, how teachers can become more creative, and the importance of creative teaching in social studies. Concludes that creativity can foster students' understanding of social issues and aid in the retention of students until graduation. (RW)

Solomon, Warren

1989-01-01

64

Social Cognition and Social Anxiety among Icelandic Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study is to examine relationships among social cognition, social anxiety, and social skills with friends and strangers in children. Ninety-two children (age 10-14 years) in Iceland completed questionnaires on social anxiety, social skills, assertiveness, self-efficacy, and outcome expectancy in social situations with…

Hannesdottir, Dagmar Kr.; Ollendick, Thomas H.

2007-01-01

65

Social skills, paranoid thinking, and social outcomes among young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research indicates associations between social skills deficits and poor social outcomes (Deniz et al., 2005; Segrin, 1990), and such outcomes and paranoid thinking (Freeman et al., 2005), few studies have investigated links between social skills, paranoid thinking, and social outcomes. Undergraduate students (N=182) completed self-report measures of paranoid thinking, social skills, loneliness, and social support. Paranoid thinking was positively

Heidi R. Riggio; Wing Yee Kwong

2009-01-01

66

Community Discovery Based on Social Actors' Interests and Social Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing availability of social network data has motivated more computational research in social network analysis. Recently, discovering community from social networks came into the big picture of social network study. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for community discovery based on the contents of social actors' personal interests and their social relationships. Our dataset is a populated

Fei Yan; Jing Jiang; Yang Lu; Qingjun Luo; Ming Zhang

2008-01-01

67

A Conceptual Framework for the Professional Socialization of Social Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the Council on Social Work Education revised Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards, professional socialization has become a matter of policy. The social work literature is characterized by a dearth of conceptual models and systematic research regarding professional socialization. The conceptual framework for the professional socialization of social workers presented herein provides a discrete definition and clarifies what was formerly

Shari E. Miller

2010-01-01

68

Oxytocin, vasopressin and sociality.  

PubMed

The neurobiology of social behaviour is interwoven with autonomic, endocrine and other homoeostatic processes responsible for the adaptive functions of reproduction and survival. Young mammals are dependent on their mothers for nourishment, and the interaction between the mother and infant may be a physiological and neuroendocrine prototype for mammalian sociality. Although these adaptive functions of the mother-infant social behavioural dyad are obvious, adult social interactions, including social bonds, also are important to health and survival. Two neuropeptides, oxytocin (OXT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), have been repeatedly implicated in mammalian social behaviours and emotional states that support sociality. Although best known for their roles in reproduction and homoeostasis, these peptides play a central role in the activation and expression of social behaviours and emotional states. Recent studies from our work with the prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster), reviewed here, reveal a role for both OXT and AVP in behavioural and endocrine changes during social interactions, and also changes that are associated with the absence of social interactions (i.e. social isolation). PMID:18655893

Carter, C Sue; Grippo, Angela J; Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Hossein; Ruscio, Michael G; Porges, Stephen W

2008-01-01

69

The Social Museum Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the early decades of the twentieth century, a number of academics, social welfare advocates, and muckrakers became interested in the living conditions of recently arrived immigrants to the United States. One such person was Professor Francis Greenwood Peabody of Harvard University. In 1903, he founded the Social Museum, which was established "to promote investigations of modern social conditions and to direct the amelioration of industrial and social life." For the next thirty years, Peabody and his colleagues at the museum worked on assembling a large collection of photographs, publications and reports related to the international social reform movement. At this site, visitors can browse through the photograph collection, which includes themes such as "charity", "housing", and "education". Visitors will also want to browse through some of Peabody's own publications, including his influential work, "The Approach to the Social Question: An Introduction to the Study of Social Ethics".

2006-01-01

70

Modern Social Media and Social Revolutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The emergence of social media platforms as a means of communication and information sharing marks a fundamental change to how societies interact. This new form of media played a formative role in the organization of mass uprisings and demonstrations known...

B. L. Mayer

2011-01-01

71

Exploiting Social Structures and Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In recent years there has been much recent interest in the use of “online” social networks for maintaining and building relationships\\u000a with others. In this talk we explore some of the key characteristics of social networks and how they can potentially be exploited\\u000a to provide intelligent content sharing in the pervasive and mobile computing domain.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Wireless and mobile devices such

Roger M. Whitaker

2010-01-01

72

Generating Innovation in Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

A paradigm of inquiry is presented in which the objective is to generate interventional innovation and other social technology for social work. Social technology is described as the technical means by which social work objectives are achieved, and is specified in terms of nine general types. Because there is continuing need to generate new social technology in social work and

Edwin J. Thomas

1978-01-01

73

Social impact of energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate analysis of Social impact indicators, as Health system situation, educational level, social relationships, economic situation, and ethic habits allows to find the correct energy supply system solution for each social situation.The Social Impact Method of Energy Analysis (SIMEA) correlates input data (current social indicators, such as economic, technological, environmental, and social conditions) to output data, that is feasible,

R. Capata; V. Naso; F. Orecchini

1996-01-01

74

Designing for Social Development: Enhancing Mobile Social Software through Social Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss the problem of designing mobile social software to support social capital. This approach aims at exploiting ICT to reconcile social and economic development, essential to create a human-centered Information Society. Firstly, a literature review of social capital theory is presented. Then, mobile social software is analyzed according to three dimensions: technical, individual and social. Finally,

Giuseppe Lugano

75

Visualizing Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With today‘s ubiquity and popularity of social network applications, the ability to analyze and understand large networks in an efficient manner becomes critically important. However, as networks become larger and more complex, reasoning about social dynamics via simple statistics is not a feasible option. To overcome these limitations, we can rely on visual metaphors. Visualization nowadays is no longer a passive process that produces images from a set of numbers. Recent years have witnessed a convergence of social network analytics and visualization, coupled with interaction, that is changing the way analysts understand and characterize social networks. In this chapter, we discuss the main goal of visualization and how different metaphors are aimed towards elucidating different aspects of social networks, such as structure and semantics. We also describe a number of methods where analytics and visualization are interwoven towards providing a better comprehension of social structure and dynamics.

Correa, Carlos D.; Ma, Kwan-Liu

76

Psychopathology of social isolation  

PubMed Central

The most important defining factor of being human is the use of symbolic language. Language or communication problem occurs during the growth, the child will have a higher risk of social isolation and then the survival will be threatened constantly. Today, adolescents and youths are familiar with computer and smart-phone devices, and communication with others by these devices is easy than face-to-face communication. As adolescents and youths live in the comfortable and familiar cyber-world rather than actively participating real society, so they make social isolation. Extreme form of this isolation in adolescents and youths is so-called Socially Withdrawn Youth. In this study, the psychopathological factors inducing social isolation were discussed. Development stages of social isolation in relation with types of social isolation, Ego-syntonic isolation and Ego-dystonic isolation, were also considered.

Baek, Sang-Bin

2014-01-01

77

Social Problems: Sociology 231  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online syllabi and course readings offer good examples of the manner in which the Internet can enrich university courses. Dr. Frank Elwell's fall 1997 course on social problems explored the links between technological development, population growth, environmental degradation, social change and disorganization, social inequality, deviance and crime. Both the course outline and syllabus feature links to essays by Elwell, study guides, and previous exams.

Elwell, Frank W.

1997-01-01

78

Consumer Economic Socialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter addresses the concept of consumer economic socialization as it has developed in the literature. Specifically,\\u000a it covers the context in which the following have been studied: economic socialization; children and adolescents’ developmental\\u000a competencies in understanding and participating in economic and consumer processes; and major agents of economic socialization,\\u000a including culture, media, schools, peers, and families. Needs for further

Beutler Ivan; Lori Dickson

79

Efectos heterogéneos del trabajo infantil en la adquisición de habilidades cognitivas  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio se ocupa de los efectos heterogéneos del trabajo en la formación de capital humano a través de una definición amplia de trabajo que incluye toda actividad asociada a responsabilidades no escolares. Dada la variedad de responsabilidades asumidas por niños y adolescentes peruanos, se toma en cuenta dos criterios para clasificar los diferentes tipos de trabajo: el tipo de

Carmen Ponce

2012-01-01

80

Aplicación del cálculo de las diferencias al problema del efecto de embalse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen Presentamos una solución numérica del problema del efecto de embalse con ayuda de una ecuación lineal inhomogénea en diferencias finitas de primer orden, suponiendo una ley lineal del desagüe. Este método numérico es de maneje cómodo para un cálculo aproximado.

Hans Ertel

1962-01-01

81

Efectos del color en la aceptabilidad, artificialidad, dulzor e intensidad del sabor de bebidas lácteas  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar el efecto de la concentración de colorantes en bebidas lác- teas (batidos de vainilla) y de los parámetros de color, pureza o c ro m a, cl a ridad y tono, sobre las ex- p e c t at ivas del grado de acep t abilidad global de dichas bebidas así como sobre

T. Coello García; C. Díaz Berciano; N. Gómez Pestaña

2000-01-01

82

La inflación española y sus efectos redistributivos regionales (1980-95)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Con ocasión de la publicación por el INE de datos de PIB pm a precios constantes de 1986, en este trabajo se realiza una aproximación a los efectos de la inflación en la divergencia interregional de PIB\\/habitante, llegándose a la conclusión de que el proceso inflacionista ha contribuido, junto con el dispar crecimiento regional del producto real, a ampliar las

José Ramón de Espínola

1998-01-01

83

WHAT IS IMPORTANT ABOUT SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL CARE?  

Microsoft Academic Search

inclusion. SOCIAL CARE AND SOCIAL WORK Social care workers provide personal care and support services to individuals, families and communities (NISCC 2005) to meet their common human needs, give them quality of life (Social Care Association 2005) and enhance capabilities to help people become as independent as possible (Wing, 1978). Although the United Kingdom's designation of social work as the

Patricia Higham

84

What kind of social justice does social work seek?  

Microsoft Academic Search

English One of social work's most important practice values is social justice, as cited in the IFSW Code of Ethics. This article deconstructs what the term 'social justice' represents, since it is essential for social work - and the IFSW Code - to be clear about the type of social justice it seeks to uphold. French L'une des plus importantes

John Solas

2008-01-01

85

Social anxiety in children: social skills deficit, or cognitive distortion?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Treatments for childhood social anxiety have traditionally employed social skills training, based on the assumption that effected children have social skills deficits. Recent conceptualisations of social anxiety in adults have questioned this assumption, and have suggested that socially anxious individuals merely believe that they have skill deficits. A recent study using children provided preliminary confirmation of this for younger

Sam Cartwright-Hatton; Nicole Tschernitz; Helen Gomersall

2005-01-01

86

Corporate social responsibility and social responsibility needs of stakeholders  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of economic globalization, corporate social responsibility has become a research focus. Firstly, based on Carroll's social responsibility theory, the scope of corporate social responsibility, including economic responsibility, legal responsibility, ethical responsibility and philanthropic responsibility (or self-responsibility), was defined. It is shown that corporate social responsibility is dynamic because of social expectation from its scope and basic elements.

Cuiping Li; Binghui Zu; Zhongxue Li; Linlin Zhang

2011-01-01

87

Social evils, poverty & health.  

PubMed

There is a close association between social circumstances and health. In India, there is a significant burden of both communicable and non communicable diseases. Risk factors responsible for these conditions are underweight, unsafe sex, unsafe water, poor sanitation and hygiene, indoor smoke pollution, zinc, iron and vitamin A deficiency, tobacco use, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. All these risk factors are influenced by social factors and in India the more important factors are poverty and illiteracy. Changing lifestyles as a result of rising incomes are significant risk factors for non communicable diseases. The social evils that influence poverty and health are macrolevel national and regional issues such as physical geography, governance patterns and failures, geopolitics, economic policy, natural resources decline, population growth, the demographic trap and the fiscal trap. Household and microlevel factors include the poverty trap, cultural barriers, lack of innovation and saving, absence of trade or business, unemployment, technological reversal, adverse productivity shock, social issues related to females, and adolescent social issues. Social determinants important for non communicable diseases, defined by the World Health Organization include the social gradient, stress, early life events, social exclusion, improper work conditions, unemployment, lack of social support, addiction, food scarcity or excess and uneven distribution, lack of proper transport, and illiteracy or low educational status. There are multiple pathways through which social factors influence health, and pathophysiological mechanisms involve homeostatic and allostatic changes in response to stress, neuroendocrine changes and altered autonomic functions, and abnormal inflammatory and immune responses. A concerted action to eradicate these social evils shall have to focus on reducing poverty, improving educational status and providing equitable and accessible healthcare to all. PMID:18032803

Gupta, Rajeev; Kumar, Praneet

2007-10-01

88

The Social Consequences of Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social capital literature documents a connection between social connection and economic outcomes of interest ranging from government quality to economic growth. Popular authors suggest that housing and architecture are important determinants of social connection. This paper examines the connection between housing structure and social connection. We find that residents of large apartment buildings are more likely to be socially

Edward L. Glaeser; Bruce Sacerdote

2001-01-01

89

The Social Consequences of Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social capital literature documents a connection between social connection and economic outcomes of interest ranging from government quality to economic growth. Popular authors suggest that housing and architecture are important determinants of social connection. This paper examines the connection between housing structure and social connection. We find that residents of large apartment buildings are more likely to be socially

Edward L. Glaeser; Bruce Sacerdote

2000-01-01

90

Interpersonal Consequences of Social Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavioral manifestations of social anxiety may have implications for social outcomes. Unfortunately, little is known about how anxiety shapes social interaction. The present study examined social interactions in dyads consisting of either 2 nonsocially anxious (NSA) individuals or 1 socially anxious (SA) and 1 NSA individual. Behavior, self-reported affect, and perceptions were examined. In comparison with the interactions of

Erin A. Heerey; Ann M. Kring

2007-01-01

91

Social norms and human cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of social norms is one of the big unsolved problems in social cognitive science. Although no other concept is invoked more frequently in the social sciences, we still know little about how social norms are formed, the forces determining their content, and the cognitive and emotional requirements that enable a species to establish and enforce social norms. In

Ernst Fehr; Urs Fischbacher

2004-01-01

92

Social Mobility and Equality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social mobility is generally studied in three different ways: stratum mobility, intergenerational social mobility, and intragenerational or career mobility. This paper deals with the first two types of mobility and more with intergenerational mobility than with stratum mobility. The working hypothesis of both discussions is that, in general, a…

Miller, S. M.

93

KET Social Studies Posters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The KET Social Studies posters provide an overview of the five “big ideas” that make up Kentucky’s K-12 social studies curriculum. These posters are appropriate for classroom display for both student and teacher reference. Each poster is available in two sizes and may be printed in color or black and white.

Ket

2012-02-15

94

Social Withdrawal in Childhood  

PubMed Central

Socially withdrawn children frequently refrain from social activities in the presence of peers. The lack of social interaction in childhood may result from a variety of causes, including social fear and anxiety or a preference for solitude. From early childhood through to adolescence, socially withdrawn children are concurrently and predictively at risk for a wide range of negative adjustment outcomes, including socio-emotional difficulties (e.g., anxiety, low self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and internalizing problems), peer difficulties (e.g., rejection, victimization, poor friendship quality), and school difficulties (e.g., poor-quality teacher-child relationships, academic difficulties, school avoidance). The goals of the current review are to (a) provide some definitional, theoretical, and methodological clarity to the complex array of terms and constructs previously employed in the study of social withdrawal; (b) examine the predictors, correlates, and consequences of child and early-adolescent social withdrawal; and (c) present a developmental framework describing pathways to and from social withdrawal in childhood.

Rubin, Kenneth H.; Coplan, Robert J.; Bowker, Julie C.

2013-01-01

95

Cognitive and Social Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticizes Hugh Lacey's separation of cognitive values and social values in discussions of the nature of science. Claims that attempting to distinguish between cognitive and social ignores crucial complexities in the development and use of knowledge. Proposes that the proper distinction be between legitimate and illegitimate reasons in science as…

Machamer, Peter; Douglas, Heather

1999-01-01

96

Psychoanalysis and Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the close relationship between psychoanalysis and social work after Freudian theory's dramatic impact on social work practice in the 1920s. It shows how revisions and expansion of psychoanalytic theory beyond its traditional base influenced clinical work during later decades until the 1960s, when society turned its attention to macrosystems intervention and other theoretical frameworks and practice models.

Eda G. Goldstein

2002-01-01

97

Social Identity in Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social identity theory (SIT) was used to investigate effects of social categorization on adolescents' intergroup behaviour. Participants displayed consistent ingroup-favouring behaviour in their ratings: the ingroup was associated to a greater extent than the outgroup with positively valued dimensions, and to a lesser extent with negatively valued…

Tarrant, Mark; North, Adrian C.; Edridge, Mark D.; Kirk, Laura E.; Smith, Elizabeth A.; Turner, Roisin E.

2001-01-01

98

Explaining Social Constructivism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many versions of social constructivism (SC) maintain that objects exist only after they enter communicative space. At one level an object's existence is determined through an individual's sensory perception; through communicative acts, both intra- and interpersonally, they are defined and eventually embody meaning. The social process of defining…

Keaton, Shaughan A.; Bodie, Graham D.

2011-01-01

99

ARE SOCIAL CLASSES DYING?  

Microsoft Academic Search

New forms of social stratification are emerging. Much of our thinking about stratification - from Marx, Weber, and others - must be recast to capture these new developments. Social class was the key theme of past stratification work. Yet class is an increasingly outmoded concept. Class stratification implies that people can be differentiated hierarchically on one or more criteria into

Terry Nichols Clark; Seymour Martin Lipset

1991-01-01

100

Reinventing Social Work Accreditation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accreditation under the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) has contributed to the professional decline of social work. The lack of scholarship of the Board of Directors of CSWE compromises its decision making. The quality of the professional literature suffers from the weak scholarship of editors and referees. The caliber of deans and…

Stoesz, David; Karger, Howard J.

2009-01-01

101

Building Social Media Connections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Incorporating social media tools into your professional practices does not have to be intimidating as long as you are willing to tackle five action steps. It is far easier to articulate the strengths--and to imagine the possibilities--of social media spaces as tools for communication and professional development when you are actively using those…

Ferriter, William N.; Ramsden, Jason T.; Sheninger, Eric C.

2012-01-01

102

Sizing Up Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most people are aware of the increasing importance of social media to institutional advancement, and many colleges and universities have started investing resources in these media. The next step is to measure the impact of social media on the institution and evaluate the success of one's efforts. Every advancement leader should understand how…

Pearson, Jerold

2010-01-01

103

Art as Social Concern  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how her eleventh- and twelfth-grade portfolio class used art as a social concern through a sketchbook and a linoleum print. Students thumbed through copies of the "New York Times" to find an article that described a modern-day social concern. Students were assigned to choose an article, summarize it, and come…

Hodge, Stephanie

2010-01-01

104

Social Cognition in Infancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that Carpenter, Nagell, and Tomasello's (1998) data reveal little definitive information on cognitive processes involved in infants' social interactive behaviors. Evaluates support for Carpenter et al.'s claims for infant social cognition and discusses the nature of infant cognition. Maintains that what is needed is experimental evidence…

Moore, Chris

1998-01-01

105

Social Space: Philosophical Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our analysis of the phrase "social space" first of all concentrates on the modal or functional nature of the different aspects of reality, including the social and spatial aspects. Subsequently this leads to an analysis of the problem of modal analogies--one way in which an answer is given to the perennial philosophical problem concerning the…

Strauss, D. F. M.

2009-01-01

106

Aging and social systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our society, medical care and economic progress have improved the duration and quality of life, but aging is accelerated by social norms and their psychological introjection. Healthy aging involves the continuing pursuit of creative activity. Changes in self-view and behavior will require and promote a change in social roles, and the emancipatory mobilization of senior adults of both sexes

H. Sabelli; M. Patel; L. Carlson-Sabelli; J. Konecki; J. Nagib; A. Sugerman

2003-01-01

107

The Social Pork Barrel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A decisive shift toward alternative social welfare strategies - such as comprehensive national health insurance or universal income maintenance - can be accomplished only through a vast reprogramming of funds from within the social welfare sector of the budget itself. However, the major impediment to such a restructuring lies in the political and…

Stockman, David A.

1975-01-01

108

Visualizing Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two distinct forms of display have been used to construct images of networks, one based on points and lines and the other on matrices. In most point and line displays the points represent social actors and the lines represent connections among the act ors. In matrix displays the rows and columns both represent social actors and numbers or symbols in

Linton Freeman

2000-01-01

109

Corporate social responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Milton Friedman states that the social responsibility of companies is to make as much money for stockholders as possible. There are a number of problems with this deceptively simple definition. Companies are part of society and their business decisions have unavoidable social consequences. The role of companies is to provide society with goods and services legally, efficiently and profitably. In

Adrian Cadbury

2006-01-01

110

Crime and Social Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high degree of variance of crime rates across space (and across time) is one of the oldest puzzles in the social sciences (see Quetelet (1835)). Our empirical work strongly suggests that this variance is not the result of observed or unobserved geographic attributes. This paper presents a model where social interactions create enough covariance across individuals to explain the

Edward E. Glaeser; Bruce Sacerdote; Jose A. Scheinkman

1995-01-01

111

Addressing Social Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that advertising can help people become more aware of social responsibilities. Describes a successful nationwide newspaper advertising competition for college students in which ads address social issues such as literacy, drugs, teen suicide, and teen pregnancy. Notes how the ads have helped grassroots programs throughout the United…

Schoebel, Susan

1991-01-01

112

Anticipatory Consumer Socialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anticipatory consumer socialization is the learning of consumer roles and perceptions, which will be assumed at a later time, such as those that children acquire before they become adult consumers. A survey of 784 adolescents was conducted in a southern state to examine the anticipatory consumer socialization effects of such factors as the mass…

Moore, Roy L.; Moschis, George P.

113

Contra Garrisonian Social Constructivism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responds to Jim Garrison's 1997 paper in this journal on Deweyan social constructivism. Argues that key elements of Garrison's complaints are misguided and that his preferred Deweyan social constructivism is a theoretical framework without apparent superiority and with enough flaws that it is at best eschewed by science educators. (Author/SAH)

Davson-Galle, Peter

2000-01-01

114

Citizenship for Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers have a significant role to play in developing citizens committed to social justice. They can best fulfill this role by guiding students to examine injustice, seek out multiple perspectives on social problems, and develop concrete strategies for improving their communities and nation. This work is best supported by the development of a…

Wade, Rahima

2004-01-01

115

Social Learning Analytics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We propose that the design and implementation of effective "Social Learning Analytics (SLA)" present significant challenges and opportunities for both research and enterprise, in three important respects. The first is that the learning landscape is extraordinarily turbulent at present, in no small part due to technological drivers. Online social

Buckingham Shum, Simon; Ferguson, Rebecca

2012-01-01

116

Religion and Social Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains the proceedings of a conference of social scientists and ministers on "Religion and Social Change" held at the North Carolina State University (Raleigh). Five seminars were held on the topics of (1) economic progress; (2) the distribution of income, status, and power; (3) the local community decision-making process; (4)…

Gregory, Marion, Ed.

117

Social anxiety disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Social anxiety disorder is a persistent and irrational fear of situations that may involve scrutiny or judgment by others, ... People with social anxiety disorder fear and avoid situations in which they may be judged by others. It may begin in adolescence and ...

118

Gestalt in social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citations superficially suggest that the relationship between Gestalt theory and contemporary social psychology is hardly recognizable if we disregard the occasional homage to Kurt Lewin. Neither Gestalt nor field theory belongs to the present pool of social-psychological theories. On the other hand, it can be shown that basic concepts of Gestalt theory have survived under various names and are still

Carl F. Graumann

1989-01-01

119

Social Consciousness and Discipline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The act of disciplining children cannot be based upon merely "putting a stop" to negative actions by means of reactionary techniques of control. If educators begin to consider discipline as a major aspect of the educational aim of socialization of children, significant contributions toward their moral and social development will take place.…

Walsh, Kevin; Cowles, Milly

120

Social Action Art Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores intersections among art, action, and community. It describes sociopolitical aspects of the author's art therapy work with survivors of repressive regimes living in Brazil, China, and Denmark and considers ways that unique historical and social processes influenced her conceptualization and practice of social action art therapy.

Golub, Deborah

2005-01-01

121

Representing Dynamic Social Networks in Discrete Event Social Simulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the key structural components of social systems is the social network. The representation of this network structure is key to providing a valid representation of the society under study. The social science concept of homophily provides a conceptual...

J. K. Alt S. Lieberman

2010-01-01

122

SocialBrowsing: Integrating Social Networks and Web Browsing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we introduce SocialBrowsing, a Firefox extension that adds social context to the web browsing experience. The extension is paired with services provided by social networking websites, analyzes the page's contents, and adds tooltips and highl...

J. Golbeck M. M. Wasser

2007-01-01

123

Stanford Social Innovation Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Stanford Social Innovation Review is a magazine written "for and by social change leaders in the nonprofit, business, and government sectors who view collaboration as key to solving environmental, social, and economic justice issues." Visitors can look on the website for timely articles on nonprofit management, philanthropy, and global issues. The elegance of the homepage makes it quite easy to navigate and a handy search feature makes it easy to locate items of particular interest. A good deal of the content here is available at no charge and users can scroll on over to the Most Read Articles and Most Read Blog Posts to get an idea of where to start. Additionally, a number of webinars are available at no charge, such as the recent, "Data-Driven Strategy in the Social Sector." Visitors can also explore some podcasts that deal with social entrepreneurship and supply chain management.

124

Social Dynamics of Science  

PubMed Central

The birth and decline of disciplines are critical to science and society. How do scientific disciplines emerge? No quantitative model to date allows us to validate competing theories on the different roles of endogenous processes, such as social collaborations, and exogenous events, such as scientific discoveries. Here we propose an agent-based model in which the evolution of disciplines is guided mainly by social interactions among agents representing scientists. Disciplines emerge from splitting and merging of social communities in a collaboration network. We find that this social model can account for a number of stylized facts about the relationships between disciplines, scholars, and publications. These results provide strong quantitative support for the key role of social interactions in shaping the dynamics of science. While several “science of science” theories exist, this is the first account for the emergence of disciplines that is validated on the basis of empirical data.

Sun, Xiaoling; Kaur, Jasleen; Milojevic, Stasa; Flammini, Alessandro; Menczer, Filippo

2013-01-01

125

Depersonalization and social anxiety.  

PubMed

Although the literature on depersonalization (DP) indicates links between DP and anxiety disorders, there has been no systematic investigation of the association of DP with social anxiety. The present study explores a hypothesized connection between DP and social anxiety by using correlative and regression analyses in a sample of 116 psychotherapy inpatients, 54 outpatients with epilepsy, and 31 nonpatients. Corresponding to our hypothesis, we found a connection of medium to large effect size between DP and social fears exceeding the impact of general psychopathologic symptom severity both for the psychotherapy patients and the nonpatients. The association of social anxiety with DP merits further research. A general consideration of DP in clinical and neurobiological trials on anxiety disorders like social phobia is warranted. PMID:16131947

Michal, Matthias; Kaufhold, Johannes; Grabhorn, Ralph; Krakow, Karsten; Overbeck, Gerd; Heidenreich, Thomas

2005-09-01

126

Does Corporate Social Responsibility Need Social Capital?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper raises the question of whether controlling corporations through a moni- toring system is a successful way to establish social standards within the supply chain. Since the debate thus far has concentrated strongly on the question of what monitoring systems look like and how they are implemented, this paper broadens the discussion by pointing out possible interrelations between the

Stefanie B. Hiß

2006-01-01

127

The Professional Socialization of Social Work Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore some effects of graduate social work education on the students' attitudes and expectations towards their chosen field, as compared to medical students -- a group expected to enter a field at the opposite end ...

T. H. Shey

1968-01-01

128

Reemphasizing the Social in Social Cognition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in developmental social cognition should detail commonalities between self and other as well as the self-other differentiation process. A method which indexed developmental changes in the understanding of both intersubjective rules of interpersonal behavior and subjective individual perspectives was devised to research questions…

Paget, Katherine Frome

129

Teaching Social Software with Social Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ulises Mejias examines how social software--information and communications technologies that facilitate the collaboration and exchange of ideas--enables students to participate in distributed research, an approach to learning in which knowledge is collectively constructed and shared. During Fall 2005, Mejias taught a graduate seminar that provided…

Mejias, Ulises

2006-01-01

130

Mathematical Social and Behavioral Sciences(MSBS)  

NSF Publications Database

... Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences, Division of Social and Economic Sciences ... social, behavioral, and economic science phenomena. Facilitate the interaction of social, behavioral ...

131

[Social cooperatives in Italy].  

PubMed

This paper describes the role of social cooperatives in Italy as a type of economic, non-profit organization and their role in contributing to the economic and social growth of the country. The purpose of this paper is to learn more about the experience of the Italian social cooperatives in promoting the work integration process of disadvantaged workers, especially those suffering from mental disorders, from a theoretical and an empirical point of view. Social enterprise is the most popular and consolidated legal and organizational model for social enterprises in Italy, introduced by Law 381/91. Developed during the early 1980s, and formally recognized by law in the early 1990s, social cooperatives aim at pursuing the general interest of the community to promote the human needs and social inclusion of citizens. They are orientated towards aims that go beyond the interest of the business owners, the primary beneficiary of their activities is the community, or groups of disadvantaged people. In Italy, Law 381/91 distinguishes between two categories of social cooperatives, those producing goods of social utility, such as culture, welfare and educational services (A-type), and those providing economic activities for the integration of disadvantaged people into employment (B-type). The main purpose of B-type social cooperatives is to integrate disadvantaged people into the open labour market. This goal is reached after a period of training and working experience inside the firm, during which the staff works to improve both the social and professional abilities of disadvantaged people. During the years, B-type social co-ops acquired a particular relevance in the care of people with mental disorders by offering them with job opportunities. Having a job is central in the recovery process of people suffering from mental diseases, meaning that B-type social co-ops in Italy play an important rehabilitative and integrative role for this vulnerable population of workers. The recent literature has highlighted that difficulties with employment are a feature of mental disorders, with high unemployment rates and short job tenure. Yet, success in employment for this population can be expected when they are provided with adequate support and opportunities. B-type social cooperatives in Italy are found to be very useful in order to help this disadvantaged category of workers find and keep a job. The work environment is more flexible and allows a better integration with less stigma and better work accommodations compared to the open labour market and/or other public/private organizations. Results from B-type Italian social cooperatives studies show that mentally ill workers value the importance of working, are highly satisfied with their job, are motivated to continue working, are engaged in their job and willing to work in the competitive labour market. Also, studies show that environmental characteristics of the social cooperative, such as the implementation of work accommodations and the possibility to work in an environment that is highly supportive, have an impact on increasing the likelihood of being highly satisfied with the job, which in turn is positively related to job tenure. In sum, this article shed light on the historical background that led to the development of social cooperatives in Italy. Furthermore, the features of B-type co-ops that play a central role in facilitating the work integration of people with mental disorders are described in this paper. In general, Italian B-type social cooperatives are found to provide a meaningful work experience to people with mental disorders, that help them increase not only vocational outcomes, but also psycho-social outcomes, and generally to help them better integrate into society. PMID:24948479

Villotti, P; Zaniboni, S; Fraccaroli, F

2014-06-01

132

Social skill as a determinant of social networks and perceived social support in schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors influencing supportive social networks of people with schizophrenia are little understood. Data from 46 outpatients with schizophrenia were analysed using structural equation modelling to test plausible sets of inter-relationships between social skill, social networks, and social support. The data supported a tentative model about the causal relationships between variables. Paths showed that people with greater social skill had larger

E. M. Macdonald; H. J. Jackson; R. L. Hayes; A. J. Baglioni; C. Madden

1998-01-01

133

Oxytocin and social cognition.  

PubMed

Individual differences in our capacity to read other people's emotions and to remember faces we have seen before are highly variable in the general population. Some people are super-recognizers; others have difficulty remembering their own family members. Such abilities are also highly heritable, implying our genetic makeup exerts an important influence. But what genes are involved in social perception? Where do they act when our brains process social signals? What happens if the social perception system malfunctions? How does it affect our social behaviour? These are questions I aim to answer in this lecture. The neuropeptides (brain hormones) oxytocin and vasopressin are evolutionarily conserved regulators of social behaviour. Evidence is building that they are especially important for interpersonal bonding throughout mammalian species, from rodents through primates to humans. Oxytocin probably has a greater influence on the social perceptions and behaviour of females than males (influenced by female sex hormones such as oestrogen), and the impact of vasopressin may be rather greater upon male social perceptions and behaviour (influenced by male sex hormones or androgens). Recent research has suggested that, in people with autism, social motivation might be decreased because they do not find social interactions as rewarding as neurotypical individuals. The value we place on social reward appears to be influenced by oxytocin. Giving extra oxytocin to people with autism (for example, by nasal spray) improves the accuracy of their social perceptions (and potentially, the concomitant reward from a social encounter), at least temporarily. If oxytocin in the brain impacts upon individual differences in sensitivity to social cues, the efficiency with which the hormone's receptor in the brain is activated might be important. We studied whether genetic variants of the oxytocin receptor affect face recognition memory in families where there was an autistic child. We discovered that possession of a single relatively common oxytocin receptor variant, of a type that could influence gene activity, accounted for up to 10% of their performance. Remarkably, our finding was replicated in both UK and in Finnish populations. About 35% of family members were homozygous for the risk genotype, meaning they possessed two copies of the gene variant that was associated with relatively less good facial memory than the population average. Our findings imply oxytocin and its receptor in the brain play a significant role in accounting for individual differences in our ability to remember the faces of unfamiliar people. On the whole, that influence is relatively subtle. Nevertheless, one in three of us possesses only the genetic version of the oxytocin receptor that is relatively inefficient. If we are in that large minority, it is unlikely we will ever be able to match the remarkable face memory skills of a Bill Clinton. PMID:25009319

Skuse, David

2014-08-01

134

Social Capital and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social capital is a compound and complex construct, an umbrella term under which social cohesion, social support, social integration\\u000a and\\/or participation are often lumped together. Beyond its growing appeal to policy makers, practitioners and researchers\\u000a in public health in general and mental health in particular, social capital is now also an integral part of broad-based discussions\\u000a on social-ecological resilience, ecosystem

Astier M. Almedom; Douglas Glandon

135

EFECTO GENOTÓxICO DEL DICROMATO DE POTASIO EN ERITROCITOS DE SANGRE PERIFéRICA DE Oreochromis niloticus (TILAPIA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Existen múltiples reportes del efecto genotóxico y cancerígeno del cromo VI, los seres humanos tenemos una permanente exposición a este elemento. Objetivos. Evidencias la genotoxicidad del dicromato de potasio utilizando como sistema biológico a Oreochromis niloticus \\

Zulita Prieto; Julio León-Incio; Carlos Quijano-Jara; Radigud Fernández; Edgardo Polo-Benites; Roger Vallejo-Rodríguez; Luis Villegas-Sanchez

136

[Social neuroscience and psychiatry].  

PubMed

The topics of emotion, decision-making, and consciousness have been traditionally dealt with in the humanities and social sciences. With the dissemination of noninvasive human neuroimaging techniques such as fMRI and the advancement of cognitive science, neuroimaging studies focusing on emotions, social cognition, and decision-making have become established. I overviewed the history of social neurosciences. The emerging field of social brain research or social neuroscience will greatly contribute to clinical psychiatry. In the first part. I introduced our early fMRI studies on social emotions such as guilt, embarrassment, pride, and envy. Dysfunction of social emotions can be observed in various forms of psychiatric disorder, and the findings should contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of psychiatric conditions. In the second part, I introduced our recent interdisciplinary neuroscience approach combining molecular neuroimaging techniques(positron emission tomography: PET), cognitive sciences, and economics to understand the neural as well as molecular basis of altered decision-making in neuropsychiatric disorders. An interdisciplinary approach combing molecular imaging techniques and cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychiatry will provide new perspectives for understanding the neurobiology of impaired decision-making in neuropsychiatric disorders and drug development. PMID:24341069

Takahashi, Hidehiko

2013-01-01

137

Canadian Social Research Links  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained with almost obsessive thoroughness by an employee at Human Resources Development Canada, this Website is an excellent gateway to Canadian social science resources on the Web. The site offers collections of annotated links from government outlets, academic sources, policy institutions, and NGOs. Visitors can browse sites under regional and thematic categories as well use "quicklinks" to government sources for social science data, including social policy, economic, and employment data. The annotations are very helpful, usually including the date of a document or a Website's last update and a summary or quotation from the resource. Some resources are presented in a pro-and-con format so that researchers can immediately compare reports and arguments from credible sources on political and social issues. Theme lists include hundreds of links in disability, education, human rights, homelessness and hunger, election 2000, social research organizations, unions, UN links, women's social issues, and dozens more. Also, the author provides a free weekly email newsletter that includes the latest updates to the Website. There is much more here, but I think interested parties get the idea: anyone doing social research in or about Canada will definitely want to bookmark this one. The site is the sole property and responsibility of Gilles Seguin who maintains the site on his own time. And yes, the site is also available in French.

1997-01-01

138

Mass Social Movements and Social Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper critically reviews the major class interpretations of contemporary mass movements, including the fascist movements, Polish Solidarity and Western Green (eco-pax) movements, and argues that these accounts are deficient. A paradigmatic shift from the class interpretation of movements to `post-Marxist' and `post-modernist' accounts has been occurring in movement literature. This shift follows the processes of social change and broadening

Jan Pakulski

1993-01-01

139

Uncertainty and Social Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present research was to determine how experimental manipulations of certainty would affect social comparison choices in the paradigm used by Wheeler et al. (1969) and Gruder (1971). (Author)

Gruder, Charles L.; And Others

1975-01-01

140

The Social Climbing Game  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of societies depends, to some extent, on the incentives of the individuals they are composed of. We study a stylized model of this interplay, that suggests that the more individuals aim at climbing the social hierarchy, the more society's hierarchy gets strong. Such a dependence is sharp, in the sense that a persistent hierarchical order emerges abruptly when the preference for social status gets larger than a threshold. This phase transition has its origin in the fact that the presence of a well defined hierarchy allows agents to climb it, thus reinforcing it, whereas in a "disordered" society it is harder for agents to find out whom they should connect to in order to become more central. Interestingly, a social order emerges when agents strive harder to climb society and it results in a state of reduced social mobility, as a consequence of ergodicity breaking, where climbing is more difficult.

Bardoscia, Marco; De Luca, Giancarlo; Livan, Giacomo; Marsili, Matteo; Tessone, Claudio J.

2013-05-01

141

Social Psychiatry: An Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Socail psychiatry, which includes the study of the impingement of social phenomena upon the genesis, manifestations, and treatment of mental and physical illness, has in recent decades become an increasingly important part of psychiatry. The epidemiology ...

R. J. Arthur

1973-01-01

142

Social Psychology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... Program at NSF supports basic research on human social behavior, including cultural differences and ... merit of a proposal depends on four important factors: (1) The problems investigated must be ...

143

The Social Robot Architecture: A Framework for Explicit Social Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the Social Robot Architecture, a framework for explicit human-robot and robot-robot social interaction. The core mechanisms for realizing a robust robot control architecture involving a synthesis of reactive, deliberative, and social reasoning mechanisms are presented and discussed. In addition, the Virtual Robotic Workbench is briefly described which demonstrates the coherent integration of both physical and virtual social

Brian R. Duffy; Mauro Dragone; M. P. O'Hare

144

Social support and adjustment: Predictive benefits of social climate indices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimates the relationship between social support and physical and psychological adjustment, using measures that afford a qualitative assessment of social support. Qualitative indices of social support in family {Family Relationships lndex) and work {Work Relationships Index) environments were derived from available social climate measures. Respondents were a randomly selected community sample of 267 male and 267 female adult

Charles J. Holahan; Rudolf H. Moos

1982-01-01

145

Employee Volunteering and Social Capital: Contributions to Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

As employee volunteering (EV) is increasingly regarded as a means of improving companies' community and employee relations, we investigate the contribution of EV to corporate social responsibility, specifically whether and how it contributes to social capital. We investigate the dynamics of EV in three UK companies. We explore the social relations and resources which underpin social capital creation; the roles

Judy N. Muthuri; Dirk Matten; Jeremy Moon

2009-01-01

146

The Social Side of School: Why Teachers Need Social Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and learning are fundamentally social enterprises. In attempting to understand, explain, and predict social behavior, social psychologists have amassed scores of empirically grounded, fundamental principles. Yet, many such principles have yet to be applied to classrooms despite the social nature of these settings. This article illustrates…

Gehlbach, Hunter

2010-01-01

147

Social Contract and Social Integration in Adolescent Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-nine subjects from two high schools were tested during the spring of their sophomore and senior years, when their mean ages were 16 years, 1 month, and 18 years, 1 month, respectively. Composites measured social contract with: (a) independence, (b) implicit social contract, societal norms and expectations, and (c) explicit social contracts, rules. Composites and single items measured social integration

W. Scott Hilles; Lynn R. Kahle

1985-01-01

148

Social Research Update  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Research Update is a quarterly publication of the Department of Sociology at the University of Surrey, UK. Its purpose is to help social researchers keep up to date with developments in their field. Each issue covers developments in one specific topic. Past Updates have covered such issues as focus groups, correspondence analysis, visual research methods, archiving qualitative research data, and analyzing qualitative data by computer, among others. Each issue is accompanied by a bibliography for further research.

1993-01-01

149

Language and social ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is concerned with the ontology of a certain class of social entities and the role of language in the creation\\u000a and maintenance of such entities. The social entities I have in mind are such objects as the $20 bill in my hand, The University\\u000a of California, and the President of the United States. I also include such facts

John R. Searle

2008-01-01

150

Social Science Hub  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Sharyn Clarkson, a BA in sociology and anthropology, this Website provides a directory for those looking for materials in the social sciences. The site features categorized listings of social science Websites, online journals and e-zines, search engines, government Websites, databases and archives, interactive forums, and a what's new section. There is an emphasis, but by no means an exclusive one, on Australian materials. Some entries are annotated, and the site is frequently updated.

151

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1923, the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) has been an independent, international association committed to the promotion of interdisciplinary research in the social sciences. This Website provides information about the SSRC's academic conferences, grant opportunities, fellowship programs, scholarly exchanges, research committees, and council publications. Expository information about the SSRC as well as a brief history of the council are also available on-site.

152

Social problems in oncology  

PubMed Central

A study was undertaken to describe, evaluate and categorise the social problems experienced by cancer patients. Ninety-six adult cancer patients at all stages of disease participated in either a telephone focus group discussion, a face to face focus group or an individual interview which were tape recorded and transcribed. Six experts analysed the transcripts. A total of 32 social problems were identified categorized under eight headings plus four single items. The categories were: problems with (1) managing in the home, (2) health and welfare services, (3) finances, (4) employment, (5) legal matters, (6) relationships, (7) sexuality and body image and (8) recreation. Problems with relationships and communication were the most frequently reported with financial, employment, body image and domestic problems also being widely endorsed. Female groups, younger patient groups and groups where the aim of treatment was palliative reported more social problems than other groups. Social problems are common and important to cancer patients. The social problems identified in this study will contribute to an item pool generated for developing a Social Problems Inventory that may be included in patient centred assessment as part of routine oncology practice. British Journal of Cancer (2002) 87, 1099–1104. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6600642 www.bjcancer.com © 2002 Cancer Research UK

Wright, E P; Kiely, M A; Lynch, P; Cull, A; Selby, P J

2002-01-01

153

Social Pharmacology: Expanding horizons  

PubMed Central

In the current modern and global society, social changes are in constant evolution due to scientific progress (technology, culture, customs, and hygiene) and produce the freedom in individuals to take decisions by themselves or with their doctors toward drug consumption. In the arena of marketed drug products which includes society, individual, administration, and pharmaceutical industry, the young discipline emerged is social pharmacology or sociopharmacology. This science arises from clinical pharmacology, and deals with different parameters, which are important in creating knowledge on marketed drugs. However, the scope of “social pharmacology” is not covered by the so-called “Phase IV” alone, but it is the science that handles the postmarketing knowledge of drugs. The social pharmacology studies the “life cycle” of any marketed pharmaceutical product in the social terrain, and evaluates the effects of the real environment under circumstances totally different in the drug development process. Therefore, there are far-reaching horizons, plural, and shared predictions among health professionals and other, for beneficial use of a drug, toward maximizing the benefits of therapy, while minimizing negative social consequences.

Maiti, Rituparna; Alloza, Jose Luis

2014-01-01

154

Social modulation of stress responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social interactions can profoundly affect the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. Although most research on social modulation of glucocorticoid concentrations has focused on the consequences of exposure to stressful social stimuli, there is a growing body of literature which suggests that social support in humans and affiliative behaviors in some animals can provide a buffer against stress and have a positive impact

A. Courtney DeVries; Erica R. Glasper; Courtney E. Detillion

2003-01-01

155

Social characters for computer games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many current video games feature virtual worlds inhabited by autonomous 3D animated characters. These characters often fall short in their ability to participate in social interactions with each other or with people. Increasing the social capabilities of game characters could increase the potential of games as a platform for social learning. This article presents advances in the area of social

Bill Tomlinson

2005-01-01

156

SOCIAL NETWORKS AND STATUS ATTAINMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay traces the development of the research enterprise, known as the social resources theory, which formulated and tested a number of proposi- tions concerning the relationships between embedded resources in social networks and socioeconomic attainment. This enterprise, seen in the light of social capital, has accumulated a substantial body of research literature and supported the proposition that social capital,

Nan Lin

1999-01-01

157

Semantic Networks and Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To illustrate the need for social network metadata within semantic metadata. Design/methodology/approach: Surveys properties of social networks and the semantic web, suggests that social network analysis applies to semantic content, argues that semantic content is more searchable if social network metadata is merged with semantic web…

Downes, Stephen

2005-01-01

158

Children's Descriptions of Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The descriptions of elementary age children representing 42 different social studies classrooms and the ways in which social studies is conducted in their classrooms are presented. In interviews children were asked to describe what happened on a day-to-day basis in their social studies classes; what they liked and disliked about social studies and…

Hornstein, Stephen E.

159

The Social Psychology of Hatred  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hatred has not typically been a topic of research in the field of social psychology, although several components which embody hatred have been studied extensively in this field. Social psychologists have tradition- ally considered prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination and intergroup aggression to be highly important and socially relevant topics for research, and thousands of studies by social psychologists have examined these

Evan R. Harrington

160

Public Libraries and Social Class  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The paper argues that there is an intrinsic link between social exclusion and social class, that social exclusion is endemic to capitalism, and that the class system pervades every aspect of society, including library usage. After reviewing different models of social stratification, the paper identifies three main classes, the capitalist class, the middle class and the working class. The

John Pateman

161

Social anxiety and social cognition: the influence of sex.  

PubMed

Current theoretical models predict a negative relationship between social anxiety and performance on measures of social cognition, yet there appears to be relatively little research that directly examines this relationship and the potential interaction of sex. Two samples of undergraduates self-reporting either a high (n=27; 59% female) or low (n=29; 62% female) level of social anxiety on the abbreviated Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory completed two social cognition measures: the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (Eyes Test) and The Awareness of Social Inference Test-Parts 2 and 3). A multivariate analysis of variance revealed a significant group by sex interaction on overall social cognition performance. Follow-up analyses indicated that males with high and low levels of social anxiety did not differ on any of the social cognition measures. In contrast, females with high social anxiety performed significantly better on the Eyes Test and the TASIT-Part 3 than females with low social anxiety. Contrary to expectations, results of this study suggest that females with high social anxiety may exhibit better-developed social cognition abilities than those with low social anxiety. These preliminary results have clinical implications in the treatment of individuals with social phobia. PMID:22424909

Sutterby, Scott R; Bedwell, Jeffrey S; Passler, Jesse S; Deptula, Andrew E; Mesa, Franklin

2012-05-30

162

Animal models of social avoidance and social fear.  

PubMed

Social fear and avoidance of social situations represent the main behavioral symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD), a highly prevalent anxiety disorder that is poorly elucidated and has rather unsatisfactory therapeutic options. Therefore, animal models are needed to study the underlying etiology and pathophysiology of SAD and to verify the efficacy of possible novel treatment approaches. In this review, we describe and discuss the most important paradigms that have been shown to induce social avoidance and fear in rodents, including foot shock exposure, restraint stress, social isolation, social instability, social defeat, conditioned defeat, social defeat/overcrowding, chronic subordinate colony housing, chronic mild stress, maternal separation and social fear conditioning. We also describe some of the behavioral paradigms used to assess social avoidance and fear in rodents, including the social interaction test, the social preference-avoidance test, the social approach-avoidance test, the three-chambered social approach test, the partition test and the modified Y-maze test. We focus on the behavioral alterations these paradigms induce, especially on social interaction, general anxiety and depressive-like behavior given that SAD is strongly comorbid with anxiety and affective disorders. PMID:23760888

Toth, Iulia; Neumann, Inga D

2013-10-01

163

Social competence: an evolutionary approach.  

PubMed

'Social competence' refers to the ability of an individual to optimise its social behaviour depending on available social information. Although such ability will enhance social interactions and thus raise Darwinian fitness, its evolutionary and ecological significance has been largely ignored. Social competence is based on behavioural flexibility. We propose that the study of social competence requires an integrative approach that aims to understand how the brain translates social information into flexible behavioural responses, how flexibility might be constrained by the developmental history of an individual or by trade-offs with other (ecological) competences, and how social plasticity feeds back on fitness. Finally we propose a hypothesis of how social competence can become a driver of social evolution. PMID:23040461

Taborsky, Barbara; Oliveira, Rui F

2012-12-01

164

Social phobia and social appraisal in successful and unsuccessful social interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

32 generalized social phobic outpatients and 32 matched nonclinical control subjects participated in a dyadic ‘getting acquainted’ interaction with an experimental assistant who engaged in either positive or negative social behavior. The accuracy of social phobics' and control subjects' perceptions of themselves and their partners were compared in the two conditions. Relative to observers' ratings, the social phobics displayed a

Lynn E. Alden; Scott T. Wallace

1995-01-01

165

The regulation of social recognition, social communication and aggression: vasopressin in the social behavior neural network.  

PubMed

Neuropeptides in the arginine vasotocin/arginine vasopressin (AVT/AVP) family play a major role in the regulation of social behavior by their actions in the brain. In mammals, AVP is found within a circuit of recriprocally connected limbic structures that form the social behavior neural network. This review examines the role played by AVP within this network in controlling social processes that are critical for the formation and maintenance of social relationships: social recognition, social communication and aggression. Studies in a number of mammalian species indicate that AVP and AVP V1a receptors are ideally suited to regulate the expression of social processes because of their plasticity in response to factors that influence social behavior. The pattern of AVP innervation and V1a receptors across the social behavior neural network may determine the potential range and intensity of social responses that individuals display in different social situations. Although fundamental information on how social behavior is wired in the brain is still lacking, it is clear that different social behaviors can be influenced by the actions of AVP in the same region of the network and that AVP can act within multiple regions of this network to regulate the expression of individual social behaviors. The existing data suggest that AVP can influence social behavior by modulating the interpretation of sensory information, by influencing decision making and by triggering complex motor outputs. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Social Behavior. PMID:22079778

Albers, H Elliott

2012-03-01

166

Social Science Information Gateway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located within the Institute for Learning and Research Technology at the University of Bristol, the Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) is an online database of high quality Internet resources that primarily deal with the vast array of social science fields and subfields. Visitors can perform a simple search, or browse through the subject headings offered on the homepage. Each one of these discrete sites has been catalogued and annotated, making it easier to find specific resources quickly. Within each field or subfield, the editors of SOSIG have also listed some of their top choices. One particularly fine feature of the site is the "Grapevine", which offers a place for people in the social sciences to find out (and publicize) information about career opportunities and upcoming events. Visitors can also post their vitas in order to facilitate such opportunities. Finally, it is worth noting that the coverage of events and the like here is particularly strong for the United Kingdom and continental Europe.

2005-11-02

167

Quantum Social Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

2013-01-01

168

Indigenous People in a Landscape of Risk: Teaching Social Work Students about Socially Just Social Work Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for social justice in social work practice is particularly apparent in work with indigenous populations. In spite of the social work profession's commitment to social justice, social workers have often done significant harm in their work with indigenous peoples. Social work educators are ideally positioned to close this gap between social

Weaver, Hilary; Congress, Elaine

2009-01-01

169

Indigenous People in a Landscape of Risk: Teaching Social Work Students About Socially Just Social Work Responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for social justice in social work practice is particularly apparent in work with indigenous populations. In spite of the social work profession's commitment to social justice, social workers have often done significant harm in their work with indigenous peoples. Social work educators are ideally positioned to close this gap between social work values and practice by teaching how

Hilary Weaver; Elaine Congress

2009-01-01

170

Social policy and runaways.  

PubMed

This paper examines the relationship between social policy and the phenomenon of runaways and their health. Through an exploration of the literature and reference to empirical studies, including the author's own work, it provides background and establishes the relationship between being in care and running. Assumptions which guide social policy as well as the service delivery itself provide an explanation for the runaway--child welfare connection. The paper concludes with discussion of the implications and recommendations for a policy shift with respect to services for adolescents. PMID:10170840

Kufeldt, K

1991-01-01

171

Somatosensation in social perception.  

PubMed

The discovery of mirror neurons in motor areas of the brain has led many to assume that our ability to understand other people's behaviour partially relies on vicarious activations of motor cortices. This Review focuses the limelight of social neuroscience on a different set of brain regions: the somatosensory cortices. These have anatomical connections that enable them to have a role in visual and auditory social perception. Studies that measure brain activity while participants witness the sensations, actions and somatic pain of others consistently show vicarious activation in the somatosensory cortices. Neuroscientists are starting to understand how the brain adds a somatosensory dimension to our perception of other people. PMID:20445542

Keysers, Christian; Kaas, Jon H; Gazzola, Valeria

2010-06-01

172

Social Identity and Preferences*  

PubMed Central

Social identities prescribe behaviors for people. We identify the marginal behavioral effect of these norms on discount rates and risk aversion by measuring how laboratory subjects’ choices change when an aspect of social identity is made salient. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make racial identity salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more patient choices. Making gender identity salient has no effect on intertemporal or risk choices.

Benjamin, Daniel J.; Choi, James J.; Strickland, A. Joshua

2009-01-01

173

The Social Ecology of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A conceptual framework based on social ecology, social learning, and social control theories guided identification of social contexts, contextual attributes, and joint effects that contribute to development of adolescent alcohol misuse. Modeling of alcohol use, suggested by social learning theory, and indicators of the social bond, suggested by social control theory, were examined in the family, peer, school, and

Susan T. Ennett; Vangie A. Foshee; Karl E. Bauman; Andrea Hussong; Li Cai; Heathe Luz McNaughton Reyes; Robert Faris; John Hipp; Robert DuRant

2008-01-01

174

Queries about Social Representation and Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Departing from the stated intent of the social representation approach to give a social constructionist account of social processes, this paper presents a critical analysis of language use within the realm of social representations research. Three questions are posed: (a) Does a social representation represent an object? (b) Can social representations be true or false? and (c) Is social

Wolfgang Wagner

2003-01-01

175

Not self-focused attention but negative beliefs affect poor social performance in social anxiety: An investigation of pathways in the social anxiety–social rejection relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) not only fear negative evaluation but are indeed less likeable than people without SAD. Previous research shows social performance to mediate this social anxiety–social rejection relationship. This study studied two pathways hypothesized to lead to poor social performance in social anxiety: increased self-focused attention and negative beliefs. State social anxiety was experimentally manipulated in

Marisol J. Voncken; Corine Dijk; Peter J. de Jong; Jeffrey Roelofs

2010-01-01

176

Training Social Welfare Managers: Social Work-Business School Cooperation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This group of papers on joint programs of social work and business schools, designed to train social welfare managers, describes the program at Columbia University in New York; reviews critical issues generated by joint ventures of this kind; and discusse...

G. Brager M. McLaughlin

1978-01-01

177

Extending the Human Life Span: Social Policy and Social Ethics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains some papers and discussions dealing with extension of the human life span, which emanated from a conference attended by social and biological scientists, policymakers, and social ethicists. Authors were asked to focus upon the gener...

B. L. Neugarten R. J. Havighurst

1977-01-01

178

Depersonalization/derealization during acute social stress in social phobia.  

PubMed

The present study aimed at investigating how frequently and intensely depersonalization/derealization symptoms occur during a stressful performance situation in social phobia patients vs. healthy controls, as well as testing hypotheses about the psychological predictors and consequences of such symptoms. N=54 patients with social phobia and N=34 control participants without mental disorders were examined prior to, during, and after a standardized social performance situation (Trier Social Stress Test, TSST). An adapted version of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale was applied along with measures of social anxiety, depression, personality, participants' subjective appraisal, safety behaviours, and post-event processing. Depersonalization symptoms were more frequent in social phobia patients (92%) than in controls (52%). Specifically in patients, they were highly positively correlated with safety behaviours and post-event-processing, even after controlling for social anxiety. The role of depersonalization/derealization in the maintenance of social anxiety should be more thoroughly recognized and explored. PMID:23434546

Hoyer, Juergen; Braeuer, David; Crawcour, Stephen; Klumbies, Elisabeth; Kirschbaum, Clemens

2013-03-01

179

Social Policy Report, 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the four issues of this newsletter published in 1993 consists of one article dealing with a particular policy debate. Number 1, "Canadian Special Education Policies: Children with Learning Disabilities in a Bilingual and Multicultural Society" (Linda S. Siegel and Judith Wiener), discusses social and cultural factors affecting the…

Thomas, Nancy G., Ed.

1993-01-01

180

Self Assessment for Socializing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socializing is an integral part of human relations and auger well for the human development. Defined as "the involvement of students in identifying standards and/or criteria to apply to their work and making judgments about the extent to which they have met these criteria and standards", self assessment by its nature teaches students how to…

McDonald, Betty

2011-01-01

181

Social Communications, Course Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using federal, state, and local funds, the Work Opportunity Center provides guidance, skill training, and supportive services for the dropout and/or hard-core unemployed youth 16 to 21 years of age. This paper describes the social communications course offered by the Center. Offering individual as well as group coverage, the course includes…

Brown, Harry J.; Anderson, Floyd L.

182

Imaginario Social: Una aproximación  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este texto presentamos una revisión, -a modo de ejercicio de reflexión colectiva-, de la extensa producción bibliográfica de Michel Maffesoli, buscando articular desde los supuestos presentes en su obra, la noción de imaginario social. Para comprender el contexto de producción de este sociólogo francés, hemos comenzado por hacer una breve revisión de sus principales trabajos e influencias teóricas. Posteriormente

Ricardo Espinoza; Raúl García; Martín Holzknecht; Carolina Jiménez

183

Biological versus Social Evolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents pro and con comments with regards to 1975 APA presidential address under the heading of biological versus social evolution. Other comments are subsumed under the headings of the genetic basis of behavior-especially of altruism, and the value of tradition. (Author/AM)

Boehm, Christopher; And Others

1976-01-01

184

Internet For Social Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, created by the University of Bristol, is a tutorial that lets you practice your internet information skills in searching and researching statistics in the social sciences. This site has indexed other statistics resources into five main categories: official statistics, published statistics, timely statistics, datasets for secondary analysis and statistical help and teaching materials. This is a nice overview of this broad topic.

2009-01-29

185

Social Policy Report, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the four 2003 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and implications for social policies affecting children. Each issue focuses on a single topic as follows: (1)"Do You Believe in Magic?: What We Can Expect from Early Childhood Intervention Programs"…

Sherrod, Lonnie, Ed.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Ed.

2003-01-01

186

Knowledge and social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we combine existing work in the area of social laws with a framework for reasoning about knowledge in multi-agent systems. The unifying framework in which this is done is based on Alternating-time Temporal Logic (ATL), to which semantics we add epistemic accessibility relations (to deal with the knowledge), actions (in order to naturally talk about allowed and

Wiebe van der Hoek; Mark Roberts; Michael Wooldridge

2005-01-01

187

A Social Skills Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review evaluates research on the Strategies Intervention Model (SIM) developed at the Institute for Research in Learning Disabilities, University of Kansas. The model is designed to teach learning-disabled and low-achieving adolescents strategies which will enable them to learn and perform independently, show appropriate social and personal…

Van Nooten, Nancy

188

Socialization of Novice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guided by new structuralism theory, this study examined the context of novice teacher socialization, identified the frequency and substance of interactions between novice teachers and their mentors and other colleagues, and reported on novices' evaluation of the support that they received. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with…

Pogodzinski, Ben

2012-01-01

189

Rx for Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that the explosion of information and teaching resources (multimedia, audio-visual, computer networks) represents a mixed blessing. Argues that the proliferation of information access necessitates students learning critical and evaluative skills. Discusses the implications of this for social studies instruction. (MJP)

Wheeler, Ron

1996-01-01

190

Student Services Go Social  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like fine wines, Web 2.0 technologies get better with age. Gone are the days of the pointless chat room; this is the era of social networking juggernauts such as Facebook, MySpace, and Friendster. Services offered by these firms are helpful in facilitating connections among users in every industry and of every age. In higher education, however, a…

Villano, Matt; Gullon, Monica

2009-01-01

191

Social Programs That Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, social programs for the poor have lost the support of the American public. This book describes some of the very best programs and documents their benefits, demonstrating that we can, in fact, make substantial progress in the fight against educational failure, family dissolution, violent crime, substance abuse, unemployment, and…

Crane, Jonathan, Ed.

192

Social Studies: Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

193

Social Networks' XSS Worms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross Site Scripting Worms, are malicious programs that propagates through visitors of a website in attempt to infect other visitors progressively. Cross site scripting vulnerabilities are exploited in many forms; one of the common forms is using worms on popular social websites, such as MySpace and Facebook. In this paper first we suggest a general model based on our discussions.

Mohammad Reza Faghani; Hossein Saidi

2009-01-01

194

The Social Justice Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article shines an important light on the continuing struggle of disabled people for dignity, citizenship rights, and access to the marketplace. Common threads bind the struggle for basic human rights among disenfranchised groups, offer experience and approaches to facilitate change, and move society towards social justice. The philosophy…

Loewen, Gladys; Pollard, William

2010-01-01

195

Social Studies Journal, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of the "Social Studies Journal" focuses on the worldwide conflict known in the United States as the French and Indian War (1754-1763). The volume is dedicated to examining the conflict in Pennsylvania. Western Pennsylvania became a battle-scarred landscape as the British and French, with their Native American allies, struggled for…

West, Leo R., Ed.

2003-01-01

196

Social Work Careers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the project was to attract young people of high ability to a career of social work and especially to public welfare work. A statewide recruitment program in Minnesota included interest in persons with a bachelor's degree as well as those wi...

S. L. Laine

1967-01-01

197

Social-Emotional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactions between reactive and regulatory dimensions of temperament may be particularly relevant to children's adjustment but are examined infrequently. This study investigated these interactions by examining effortful control as a moderator of the relations of fear and frustration reactivity to children's social competence, internalizing, and…

Moran, Lyndsey R.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Zalewski, Maureen

2013-01-01

198

Innocenti Social Monitor 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Innocenti Social Monitor 2004 reviews recent socio-economic trends in the 27 countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. It examines child poverty in an integrating world from four different perspectives: Economic Growth and Child Poverty looks at children in poverty related to family income and indicates that since the late 1990s steady economic growth has

2004-01-01

199

Navigating Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors note that when it comes to balancing free speech and schools' responsibilities, the online world is largely uncharted waters. Questions remain about the rights of both students and teachers in the world of social media. Although the lower courts have ruled that students' freedom of speech rights offer them some protection for…

Hamblin, DeAnna; Bartlett, Marilyn J.

2013-01-01

200

Social Work Supervision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper updates a survey of Social Work supervision first conducted in 1973. In 1989 a national sample of N.A.S.W. members were contacted by mail. The sample consisted of 1500 direct service worker supervisees and 1500 supervisors. Questionnaire returns indicated that supervision was generally implemented in individual conferences scheduled once a week, lasting one to one and a half hours.

Alfred Kadushin

1993-01-01

201

Social Construction of Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no question that a diagnosis of cancer has a significant impact on anyone, however, certain aspects of American culture and particularly the medical culture exacerbate the impact. This article supports the notion that a woman's experience of cancer is, at least in part, socially constructed, political in nature, and therefore, uniquely disempowering to women. Those cultural forces affecting

Suni Petersen; Lois A. Benishek

2001-01-01

202

On compressing social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by structural properties of the Web graph that support efficient data structures for in memory adjacency queries, we study the extent to which a large network can be compressed. Boldi and Vigna (WWW 2004), showed that Web graphs can be compressed down to three bits of storage per edge; we study the compressibility of social networks where again adjacency

Flavio Chierichetti; Ravi Kumar; Silvio Lattanzi; Michael Mitzenmacher; Alessandro Panconesi; Prabhakar Raghavan

2009-01-01

203

Social Balance Experiment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the entry page for participation in the Social Balance Experiment. In this experiment, participants are asked to imagine that they are in a situation in which they have one of five feelings (love, like, neutral, dislike or hate) toward another person named Bill.

204

Social Policy Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the four 1999 issues of a publication providing a forum for scholarly reviews and discussion of developmental research and its implications for the social policies affecting children. The topics of the issues are: (1) "Beyond 'Giving Science Away': How University-Community Partnerships Inform Youth Programs, Research,…

Thomas, Nancy G., Ed.

1999-01-01

205

Reggio Social Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents the social capital as the essential element of success of the Reggio Emilia preschools known for their unique approach to the early childhood education. The collaborative effort is introduced through examples of the currently ongoing "Reggio Narrates" project of Reggio preschools, the "Dialogue with the Places" and "The…

Stejzygier, Aneta

2009-01-01

206

Bicultural Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conditions that result in bicultural social development among Latino children and adolescents represent the central focus of this article. The literature surrounding bicultural development is reviewed from four perspectives: (a) immigrant children and adolescents, (b) second generation Latinos or the offspring of immigrants, (c) later…

Padilla, Amado M.

2006-01-01

207

Inter and Intra Professional Social Work Differences: Social Works Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work historically has had two overarching domains. One domain is concerned with communities and policy development,\\u000a the other with direct practice involving individuals, groups and families. Both the macro and micro domains are infused with\\u000a concerns of social justice and advocacy. Conflict in the profession between social justice and casework began over a century\\u000a ago, with early social work

Dorothea Marie Epple

2007-01-01

208

Social Investment Forum: Introduction to Socially Responsible Investing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Investment Forum, a national nonprofit membership association, provides the Guide to Socially Responsible Investing to help individuals use their savings in a socially and environmentally responsible manner. Up-to-date rates and terms are given for a variety of social ventures, from checking, savings, and direct deposit accounts to money markets and mutual funds. Four general types of institutions are described (community banks, credit unions, loan funds, and microenterprise lenders) with geographical, email, website, and telephone directory information.

209

Social Learning by Design: The Role of Social Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is no secret that learning has a social context. As library media specialists work with students nearly every day, they take for granted their pedagogical roots in social learning theory based on the premise that students need modeling and observation to learn from one another. Information gathering becomes a key activity, and social

Brooks, Laura

2009-01-01

210

Professional Socialization and Social Work Values: Who Are We Teaching?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the centrality of values to professional socialization, the social work literature lacks an extensive exploration of the readiness of students to be socialized into the profession and taught the theoretical framework and skills for ethical decision making. This study explored the relationship between age, academic class standing, and identity development. Results indicated that the Identity Achievement status occurs later

Stephanie Valutis; Deborah Rubin; Melissa Bell

2011-01-01

211

Unpacking social capital in Economic Development: How social relations matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social capital is a contested concept, embraced by the mainstream as “the missing link” in economic analysis. This article suggests a way to turn it into a more meaningful understanding of how social relations matter in the economy. It will do so by unpacking the concept into various elements, distinguishing what social relations are from what they do, and by

Irene van Staveren; Peter Knorringa

2007-01-01

212

Social class and academic guidance: A social-psychological analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canadian research has consistently shown that, compared with high social class students, a lower proportion of low social class students have high educational expectations. This difference persists even when the level of mental ability between the 2 groups is the same. To answer the question of why so many low social class students do not have high educational expectations, a

Ramesh A. Deosaran

1978-01-01

213

Social Phobia and Social Anxiety as Components of Shyness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the conceptual nature of shyness by examining its relationship with social phobia and social anxiety in a non-clinical sample. The participants in the present study were 132 introductory psychology students who completed the Cheek-Buss Shyness Scale (CBSS), Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), and Liebowitz…

Carducci, Bernardo J.; Hutzel, Karen; Morrison, Erin; Weyer, Christina Y.

214

Toward Valuation in Social Work and Social Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work and social services are known to be beneficial to society, but to date no systematic valuation of their contribution has been attempted. The aim of this article is to advance our ability to quantify both the known direct benefits and some of the positive externalities of social work. The authors make the case of why valuation is…

Cnaan, Ram A.; Kang, Chulhee

2011-01-01

215

Using the General Social Survey to Investigate Social Relationships  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise for a Social Demography class utilizes General Social Survey data to analyze a problem of interest. This activity uses the data software on the SDA Archive. The SDA Archive is an easy-to-use tool to investigate U.S. trends using General Social Survey Data.

Sun, Rongjun

216

Using Social Media to Engage Youth: Education, Social Justice, & Humanitarianism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While youth typically turn to social media for gossip, photo sharing, and friendship building, can it also be used to inspire them toward greater goals? The creators of GenerationPulse.com explore how two theories salient to adolescent social development (positive youth development and relational health) were used to shape a social media website…

Liang, Belle; Commins, Meghan; Duffy, Nicole

2010-01-01

217

Social Software: New Opportunities for Challenging Social Inequalities in Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enthusiasts for new social software do not always acknowledge that belonging to e-learning communities depends upon complex and often unresolved identity issues for learners. Drawing on the author's previous research on belonging in social learning, the paper presents a theory of identity congruence in social learning and brings to the foreground…

Hughes, Gwyneth

2009-01-01

218

Promoting Social Network Awareness: A Social Network Monitoring System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase communication and collaboration opportunities, members of a community must be aware of the social networks that exist within that community. This paper describes a social network monitoring system--the KIWI system--that enables users to register their interactions and visualize their social networks. The system was implemented in a…

Cadima, Rita; Ferreira, Carlos; Monguet, Josep; Ojeda, Jordi; Fernandez, Joaquin

2010-01-01

219

Masculinity, Educational Achievement and Social Status: A Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilises a quantitative case study social network approach to explore the connection between masculinity and scholastic achievement in two secondary, all-boys schools in Australia. In both schools two social networks representing social status are explored: the "friendship" network as a measure of status that includes emotional…

Lusher, Dean

2011-01-01

220

Social Anxiety and Adolescents' Friendships: The Role of Social Withdrawal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates social anxiety is associated with lower friendship quality, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. This 2-month longitudinal study examined social withdrawal as a mediator of the social anxiety-friendship quality link in a sample of 214 adolescents (M[subscript age] = 13.1 years, SD = 0.73) that included an…

Biggs, Bridget K.; Vernberg, Eric M.; Wu, Yelena P.

2012-01-01

221

Why personality differences matter for social functioning and social structure.  

PubMed

We outline three main ways how personality differences can affect social functioning and social structure. By highlighting the broad and significant consequences that personality differences can have for social processes, our article might serve as a starting point for a research focus that aims at a systematic understanding of these consequences. PMID:24679987

Wolf, Max; Krause, Jens

2014-06-01

222

Social Skills, Attractiveness and Gender: Factors in Perceived Social Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research has focused on the particular characteristics necessary to gain and retain social support. To examine whether individuals' differing social support level could be differentiated on social skill level and physical appearance, and if these differences apply equally to males and females, 168 college students (84 males, 84 females)…

Hacker, T. Anthony; And Others

223

BASIC: A Believable Adaptable Socially Intelligent Character for Social Presence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing inspiration from social science and psychology, a computational model of a personality model for a Believable, Adaptable, Socially Intelligent Character (BASIC) has been designed, implemented and tested to drive chimpanzees in a multi-agents scenario. The BASIC model can be customized to create different personalities that are able to trigger empathic responses in human spectators, otherwise known as social presence.

Daniela M. Romano; Gary Sheppard; Adam Miller; Zhinan Ma

2005-01-01

224

Social Software: Participants' Experience Using Social Networking for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking tools used in learning provides instructional design with tools for transformative change in education. This study focused on defining the meanings and essences of social networking through the lived common experiences of 7 college students. The problem of the study was a lack of learner voice in understanding the value of social

Batchelder, Cecil W.

2010-01-01

225

The Implications of Social Neuroscience for Social Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social disability represents a unifying feature in the diverse group of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Social neuroscience is the study of brain mechanisms supporting interpersonal interaction. In this paper, we review brain imaging studies of the social brain and highlight practical applications of these scientific insights.…

McPartland, James C.; Pelphrey, Kevin A.

2012-01-01

226

Using Social Skills Interventions To Increase Academic and Social Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project sought to increase the use of appropriate social skills by middle school students through an increased instructional emphasis on social skills. The specific social skills addressed were listening, encouraging, self-control, appropriate manners, and accepting others' ideas. These skills were introduced using M-charts…

Baty, Jody; Sorensen, June; Pancini, Mark; Pasier, Emilia H.

227

Análisis multinivel de cadenas de suministros: dos técnicas de resolución del efecto bullwhip \\/\\/ Supply Chain Multilevel Analysis: Two Bullwhip Dampening Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

El efecto bullwhip es un fenómeno causante de ineficiencias en la gestión de la cadena de suministros. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el impacto sobre el rendimiento de una cadena de suministro de dos de las técnicas más comunes de resolución del efecto bullwhip: la regla de pedido (S, R) amortiguada y la adopción de prácticas de colaboración.

Elena Ciancimino; Salvatore Cannella; José David Canca Ortiz; José Manuel Framiñán Torres

2009-01-01

228

Algunos efectos del mercado único europeo sobre la economía española: Un análisis a través de un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se examinan algunos efectos de la aplicación de las normas del Mercado Único europeo sobre la economía española. La metodología se basa en simulaciones a partir de un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado especialmente diseñado al efecto. El modelo tiene dos características particulares: por una parte, se incluyen aspectos de competencia imperfecta tales como rendimientos crecientes a

Antonio G. Gómez-Plana; Oscar Bajo-Rubio

229

The Deprofessionalization of Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four ideological currents serve to undermine professionalism in social work: activism, anti-individualism, communalism, and environmentalism. The author describes each of these currents and discusses the ways in which social work education accommodates them. (Author)

Specht, Harry

1972-01-01

230

National Association of Social Workers  

MedlinePLUS

... Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming What's New Social Work Jobs Job Seekers | Employers | Counselor/ Phone Intake Company: ... Posted: Fri, Jul 11 2014 Assistant Professor in Social Work Program Company: Murray State University Murray, KY Posted: ...

231

Integrating Mathematics and Social Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article illustrates how to integrate mathematics with social issues. Social issues discussed in the newspaper provide a rich context for connecting mathematical activities to the real world. The sample activities focus on measurement concepts. (Contains 2 figures.)

Harrell, Gregory K.

2007-01-01

232

Social information changes the brain  

PubMed Central

Social animals live in complex physical and social environments requiring them to attend and rapidly respond to social and environmental information by changing their behavior. A key social influence is rank or status, a ubiquitous element in animal societies. Rank typically regulates access to reproduction and other resources, among other consequences for individuals. Because reproduction is arguably the most important event in any animals’ life, understanding how reproduction is regulated by social status and related physiological factors can instruct our understanding of evolutionary change. This article reviews evidence from a model social system in which reproduction is tightly controlled by social status. Surprisingly, changes in social status have rapid and profound effects over very short time scales and radically alter overt behavior, as well as physiological, cellular, and molecular factors that regulate reproductive capacity.

Fernald, Russell D.; Maruska, Karen P.

2012-01-01

233

Social Media and the Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Social media has had an undeniable effect on the way we live, work, and communicate throughout the world. Military leaders are recognizing the importance of social media and taking steps to incorporate change into their organizational cultures. This is pa...

C. Perry

2010-01-01

234

Opportunity-Centered Social Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a social service model based on Community Progress, an antipoverty program in New Haven, Connecticut, aimed at helping the poor achieve upward social mobility by facilitating their use of existing opportunities in employment, housing, and education. (Author)

Neugeboren, Bernard

1970-01-01

235

Advancing Gerontological Social Work Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapters in this volume reflect a variety of issues related to education for gerontological social work. Chapters in section 1, "Geriatrics and Gerontology in Social Work Education," are: (1) "Social Work's Pursuit of a Common Professional Framework: Have We Reached a Milestone?" (Roberta Greene and Colleen Galambos); (2) "Basic Gerontological…

Mellor, M. Joanna, Ed.; Ivry, Joann, Ed.

236

Helping Behavior and Social Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social exchange theory was employed to predict instigative helping behavior as a function of two types of resources available to the recipient for reciprocation (social and non-social). The possibility of influencing reciprocation of both types of resources produced significant increases in subjects' helping. (Author)

Enzle, Michael E.; Lowe, Charles A.

1976-01-01

237

Social Competence: A Developmental Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective peer relations and the enhancement of social interactions in young children play a central role in the discussion of social competence. Developmental issues relevant to the assessment of social competence including perspective taking, conceptions of friendship, interpersonal strategies and problem solving, moral judgments, and…

Eisenberg, Nancy; Harris, Jerry D.

1984-01-01

238

Seven Rules for Social Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Seven Rules for Social Research" teaches social scientists how to get the most out of their technical skills and tools, providing a resource that fully describes the strategies and concepts no researcher or student of human behavior can do without. Glenn Firebaugh provides indispensable practical guidance for anyone doing research in the social

Firebaugh, Glenn

2008-01-01

239

Constructivism and Revitalizing Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is developing its Social Studies curriculum and pedagogy for public schools. Practically speaking, teaching Social Studies in the UAE is still based on the traditional way of teaching; route memorization is the means of acquiring knowledge. In order to enhance Social Studies constructivist teaching-learning, there is…

Blaik-Hourani, Rida

2011-01-01

240

Critical Social Theory: A Portrait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term Critical Social Theory is employed in this article following the tradition of the Frankfurt School, and particularly the work of Herbert Marcuse and his interpretation of the political and social philosophy of Hegel and Marx. Discussing the contribution of G.W.F. Hegel to social theory Marcuse argued that: "Hegel's system brings to a…

Torres, Carlos A.

2012-01-01

241

The Social Sciences in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a brief history of social sciences in Canada, dividing it into three periods: from early years up to 1960, from 1960 to 1970, and from 1970 to the present. Includes sections on the relation of social sciences to Canadian society and international cooperation. Provides two appendices which list social science journals and scholarly…

Bruce, Erika v. C.; Fox, Alan F.

1987-01-01

242

Mental Representations of Social Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do people think about social status? We investigated the nature of social status and number representations using a semantic distance latency test. In Study 1, 21 college students compared words connoting different social status as well as numbers, which served as a control task. Participants were faster at comparing occupations and numbers…

Chiao, Joan Y.; Bordeaux, Andrew R.; Ambady, Nalni

2004-01-01

243

Teaching Social Workers Research Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the debate in the scientific community in which some protagonists suggest that there is no such thing as a scientific method, and given a student population with a minimal bgackground in research methods, what do social work educators teach social work students about research methods? The implications of this methods debate for social work education are reviewed and curriculum

Teresa Morris

1992-01-01

244

Social Studies in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventy six teachers and 737 social studies students from rural high schools in six states were surveyed to determine whether rural secondary social studies programs discuss topics and themes that provide an insight into rural America. Findings suggest that rural life-styles are inadequately portrayed in social studies curricula. (AM)

Morris, John E.; Garcia, Jesus

1982-01-01

245

Social media basics for orthodontists.  

PubMed

One of the most common buzz words in today's online world is "social media." This article defines social media, explains why it is important to practicing orthodontists, and provides information about how doctors can incorporate it into their practices. Five of the most useful social media tools are described in detail, outlining the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and risks inherent in each. PMID:22464534

Jorgensen, Greg

2012-04-01

246

Evolve: Analyzing Evolving Social Networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many current social network analytic methods work by analyzing a static aggregate graph, which provides a limited view of the structure and behavior of real-world social networks. Social networks in reality are dynamic and evolve over time as people join ...

S. Macskassy

2012-01-01

247

Development and Socialization in Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, we have seen important changes in the conceptuaHzation of early child devel­ opment and socialization in psychology, sociology, and anthropology. In general, these changes involve more of a focus on children's agency in the socialization process, more con­ cern for the importance of social context, and agreement that children's experiences beyond their early years in the family

WILLIAM A. CORSARO; Laura Fingerson

248

The Social Sciences in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterizes social science research and teaching in China today as being closely linked to the solution of practical social, economic, and political problems. The emphasis is also on encouraging many different schools of thought among scientists and social scientists as a means of bringing about a flourishing socialist culture. (DB)

Cheng-Fang, Yang

1980-01-01

249

Social Change and Criminal Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of urbanization on criminal law and the extension of law into the area of morality (value systems) are discussed in terms of social control via punishment and deterrence. The impact of the social sciences (psychotherapy, sociology, behavioral science) is covered in terms of social control via rehabilitation and environmental…

Jeffery, C. Ray

1970-01-01

250

Helping Children Like Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines teaching methods in elementary social studies classrooms. Interviews fifth and sixth grade students regarding their perceptions of social studies. Finds instruction relies heavily on textbooks. Shows half of the students dislike social studies. Includes students' verbatim comments. Designs teaching approaches based on students' preference…

Hornstein, Stephen E.

1990-01-01

251

Social navigation of food recipes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term Social Navigation captures every-day behaviour used to find information, people, and places - namely through watching, following, and talking to people. We discuss how to design information spaces to allow for social navigation. We applied our ideas in a recipe recommendation system. In a follow-up user study, subjects state that social navigation adds value to the service: it

Martin Svensson; Kristina Höök; Jarmo Laaksolahti; Annika Waern

2001-01-01

252

Social Capital and Child Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines social and economic inequalities in the United Kingdom. Demonstrates how children's welfare and family functioning are crucially dependent upon locally available social support. Argues that building social capital in poor communities is more effective in promoting children's welfare than is present emphasis on formal child-protection and…

Jack, Gordon; Jordan, Bill

1999-01-01

253

The social brain in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term 'social brain' refers to the network of brain regions that are involved in understanding others. Behaviour that is related to social cognition changes dramatically during human adolescence. This is paralleled by functional changes that occur in the social brain during this time, in particular in the medial prefrontal cortex and the superior temporal sulcus, which show altered activity

Sarah-Jayne Blakemore

2008-01-01

254

Structural Social Work in Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a world of growing inequality and oppression, there is a need for a social work practice that works for social justice and societal transformation, while simultaneously addressing people's immediate needs. Structural social work is one such theory of practice, but many claim it to be idealistic and difficult to practice. This article offers an example from India that operationalizes

Purnima George; Sara Marlowe

2005-01-01

255

Social Justice and School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

Nastasi, Bonnie K.

2008-01-01

256

Social Exclusion Decreases Prosocial Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 7 experiments, the authors manipulated social exclusion by telling people that they would end up alone later in life or that other participants had rejected them. Social exclusion caused a substantial reduction in prosocial behavior. Socially excluded people donated less money to a student fund, were unwilling to volunteer for further lab experiments, were less helpful after a mishap,

Jean M. Twenge; Roy F. Baumeister; C. Nathan DeWall; Natalie J. Ciarocco; J. Michael Bartels

2007-01-01

257

[Social Ramifications of Art Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Bulletin of the Caucus on Social Theory and Art Education" is an annual publication, with each issue devoted to a unified theme. The theme of this issue is the social ramifications of the teaching of art. This issue focuses on art teachers to gain a perspective on the art education process as a socially relevant experience. The volume…

Muth, Helen, Ed.

1985-01-01

258

Social Pedagogy in Modern Times  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article identifies several key concepts used to describe and categorize social pedagogy. The first section of the paper establishes a framework for considering the diversity that characterizes the field, including reflection on social pedagogy's theoretical, political and social dimensions. This is followed by a discussion based on a…

Rosendal Jensen, Niels

2013-01-01

259

Cultural socialization as a moderator of friendships and social competence.  

PubMed

This study examined the direct and moderating role of cultural socialization in relation to same-race and cross-race friendships and social competence among Asian American late-adolescents (N = 146). We hypothesized that same-race and cross-race friendships would be uniquely associated with social competence, but that these associations would be moderated by cultural socialization practices targeting enculturation and preparation for bias. Using Pearson correlations, cross-race friendships were significantly correlated with social competence, whereas same-race friendships had a marginally significant relation. In moderator analyses, only preparation for bias was a significant moderator of cross-race friendships in relation to social competence. Specifically, for late-adolescents who reported a high level of preparation for bias, there was a positive relation between cross-race friendships and social competence. There were no significant interactions between same-race friendships and any dimension of cultural socialization in relation to social competence. The findings support the relevance of cultural socialization in Asian American late-adolescent social development. PMID:21767003

Tran, Alisia G T T; Lee, Richard M

2011-10-01

260

SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY  

PubMed Central

Social species create emergent organizations beyond the individual. These emergent structures evolved hand in hand with neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms to support them because the consequent social behaviors helped these organisms survive, reproduce, and care for offspring sufficiently long that they too reproduced. Social neuroscience seeks to specify the neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms underlying social behavior, and in so doing to understand the associations and influences between social and biological levels of organization. Success in the field, therefore, is not measured in terms of the contributions to social psychology per se, but rather in terms of the specification of the biological mechanisms underlying social interactions and behavior—one of the major problems for the neurosciences to address in the 21st century.

Cacioppo, John T.; Berntson, Gary G.; Decety, Jean

2013-01-01

261

Globalisation and social policy.  

PubMed

This paper discusses six major themes: that economic and social issues are closely interdependent and that the appropriate stance is to work on both together, simultaneously; that though the threats from globalisation have been exaggerated, there can be substantial costs as well as considerable benefits; that constraints on national policy are significant but are less severe than is commonly considered; that the vitality-the vigour-of national and international political processes must be increased to cope effectively with the changes which are underway; that the private sector, unions and civil society have crucial roles in the provision of services and in advocating socially responsible values, standards and policies; and that one of the most effective means of addressing the erosion of national autonomy from globalisation is for countries to cooperate in setting and implementing shared objectives and international standards and establishing more global public goods. PMID:12219761

Langmore, J

2001-01-01

262

Understanding social motor coordination.  

PubMed

Recently there has been much interest in social coordination of motor movements, or as it is referred to by some researchers, joint action. This paper reviews the cognitive perspective's common coding/mirror neuron theory of joint action, describes some of its limitations and then presents the behavioral dynamics perspective as an alternative way of understanding social motor coordination. In particular, behavioral dynamics' ability to explain the temporal coordination of interacting individuals is detailed. Two experiments are then described that demonstrate how dynamical processes of synchronization are apparent in the coordination underlying everyday joint actions such as martial art exercises, hand-clapping games, and conversations. The import of this evidence is that emergent dynamic patterns such as synchronization are the behavioral order that any neural substrate supporting joint action (e.g., mirror systems) would have to sustain. PMID:20817320

Schmidt, R C; Fitzpatrick, Paula; Caron, Robert; Mergeche, Joanna

2011-10-01

263

GENESIS Social Simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GENESIS is a research project funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council through the National Centre for e-Social Science research node program. Details of GENESIS can be found on-line via the following URL: http://www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/people/a.turner/projects/GENESIS/ One strand of GENESIS work aims to develop simulation models that represent individual humans and their organisations and how they change their location and influence over time. This chapter describes the development of two types of model that operate at different temporal resolutions over different time scales: Traffic Models work with time steps of a second; and Demographic Models work with time steps of a day. Both are computationally demanding and the chapter describes not just the development of the models, but also the work done to scale up from village scale with a thousand individuals, to produce simulation results at city scale with a million individuals.

Turner, Andy

264

Social tie, social capital, and social behavior: Toward an integrative model of informal exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the unique nature of social capital that differentiates itself from other forms of capital? How should we conceptualize\\u000a and operationalize social capital? What are the major drivers and outcomes of social capital? To address the three questions,\\u000a I apply the duality lens—the perspective of regarding each entity as a paradox consisting of two contrasting yet interdependent\\u000a components—to social

Peter Ping Li

2007-01-01

265

Grandpa's Social Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simple example shows how algebra can be useful in the real world by exploring the question: Should Grandpa start receiving his Social Security benefits at age 62 or should he wait until age 65? This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

266

Social determinants of disease.  

PubMed

The primary purpose for identifying psychosocial risk factors is to prevent disease and disease complications. For 30 years, we have been doing research in this field and have been successful in identifying such risk factors as Type A behavior, social isolation, stressful life events, and various psychological patterns. However, our success in using this information to help prevent disease has been much more limited. One reason for this limited success is that we have focused virtually all of our attention on the study of individuals and almost no attention on the social environment within which people live. There are two major limitations of such a one-to-one approach: it is difficult for people to change their behavior and their life situation and even if some people do change, others enter the "at risk" population because no action has been taken to change those forces in society that stimulated the problem in the first place. In discussing the social determinants of disease, it is important that we develop a new approach that permits us to study not only individuals but also the social environment. An example of this approach is provided by researchers who were successful in preventing infectious diseases. The work of these researchers focused not on clinical entities or on individuals but on the environment. This resulted in a disease classification system that included concepts such as air-borne, food-borne, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases. We have no such system for the study of non-infectious diseases. Considerable data already are available to help us to think about such a new classification system.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3662409

Syme, S L

1987-01-01

267

Personalized Socially Assistive Robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The start of the 21st century, with its confluence of scientific and technological sophistication, presents a unique opportunity for robotics to positively impact human quality of life. Significant and growing societal needs include the lack of personalized one-on-one care for the growing populations of elderly individuals, children with developmental disorders, and those with special life-long cognitive and social needs. Developing

Maja J Mataric; Adriana Tapus; David Feil-Seifer

268

Multimodal transformed social interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding human-human interaction is fundamental to the long-term pursuit of powerful and natural multimodal interfaces. Nonverbal communication, including body posture, gesture, facial expression, and eye gaze, is an important aspect of human-human interaction. We introduce a paradigm for studying multimodal and nonverbal communication in collaborative virtual environments (CVEs) called Transformed Social Interaction (TSI), in which a user's visual representation is

Matthew Turk; Jeremy N. Bailenson; Andrew C. Beall; Jim Blascovich; Rosanna E. Guadagno

2004-01-01

269

Extensión del Formalismo de Orbitales de Defecto Cuántico al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El estudio experimental de las interacciones de átomos Rydberg altamente excitados con campos eléctricos ha experimentado un creciente interés durante las dos últimas décadas debido, en gran medida, al desarrollo de nuevas técnicas para crear y estudiar átomos Rydberg en el laboratorio. Acompañando a estas nuevas técnicas experimentales, es necesario el desarrollo de modelos teóricos que nos permitan contrastar sus medidas y conocer mejor los fundamentos de los mismos. Desde el punto de vista teórico el conocimiento del desdoblamiento de los niveles energéticos de un átomo en función de la magnitud del campo eléctrico aplicado (lo que se conoce como mapa Stark) es el mejor punto de partida para la descripción del sistema y un prerrequisito fundamental para el cálculo de distintas propiedades atómicas en presencia del campo eléctrico tales como intensidades de transición, umbrales de ionización de campo eléctrico, tiempos de vida, posición y anchura de cruces evitados, etc. En este trabajo presentamos la adaptación del método de orbitales de defecto cuántico [1,2,3] al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO) [4] y su aplicación al cálculo de los desdoblamientos energéticos y fuerzas de oscilador de estados Rydberg en los átomos de Li, Na y K. El propósito de este estudio es, por un lado, desarrollar métodos fiables para la determinación de propiedades atómicas en presencia de campos eléctricos y, por otro, mostrar la fiabilidad de las funciones de onda QDO en la descripción del efecto Stark en sistemas atómicos.

Menéndez, J. M.; Martín, I.; Velasco, A. M.

270

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâÂÂs homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâÂÂs contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâÂÂs documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

1996-01-01

271

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1923 (and last reviewed by the Scout Report on November 3, 1998), the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is an independent non-profit organization with ongoing research projects on every continent, most of which are designed to encourage innovation and to help social scientists engage broader constituencies. Some of the council's key interests include children and armed conflict, economic growth, international migration, and global security and cooperation. From the website, visitors can learn about the most recent project initiatives, which include the initiative on HIV / AIDS, social transformation and emergencies, and humanitarian action. Along with these recent initiatives, visitors may also read about the 30 thematic programs, which are organized into five broad program areas. Graduate students coming to the site will want to definitely take a look at the many fellowship and dissertation funding opportunities offered by the SSRC. Visitors may also browse through the SSRC quarterly publication, Items & Issues, which features essays, roundtables, and other writings by participants in SSRC-sponsored programs.

272

Does Online Social Media Lead to Social Connection or Social Disconnection?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today’s young generation (often called "Millennials," "GenY," or "Generation Me") are the first to grow up with the Internet and social networking websites. Have these experiences led to more and better social connections, or fewer and atrophied ones? Social media use may lead to online political action such as signing an e-mail petition but does…

Twenge, Jean M.

2013-01-01

273

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: From Social Stimuli Processing to Social Engagement  

PubMed Central

Social cognition consists of several skills which allow us to interact with other humans. These skills include social stimuli processing, drawing inferences about others’ mental states, and engaging in social interactions. In recent years, there has been growing evidence of social cognitive impairments in patients with schizophrenia. Apparently, these impairments are separable from general neurocognitive impairments, such as attention, memory, and executive functioning. Moreover, social cognition seems to be a main determinant of functional outcome and could be used as a guide to elaborate new pharmacological and psychological treatments. However, most of these studies focus on individual mechanisms and observational perspectives; only few of them study schizophrenic patients during interactive situations. We first review evidences of social cognitive impairments both in social stimuli processing and in mental state attribution. We focus on the relationship between these functions and both general cognitive impairments and functional outcome. We next review recent game theory approaches to the study of how social engagement occurs in schizophrenic patients. The advantage of using game theory is that game-oriented tasks can assess social decision making in an interactive everyday situation model. Finally, we review proposed theoretical models used to explain social alterations and their underlying biological mechanisms. Based on interactive studies, we propose a framework which takes into account the dynamic nature of social processes. Thus, understanding social skills as a result of dynamical systems could facilitate the development of both basic research and clinical applications oriented to psychiatric populations.

Billeke, Pablo; Aboitiz, Francisco

2013-01-01

274

[Depersonalization, social phobia and shame].  

PubMed

Associations between depersonalization (DP) and social phobia (SP) were described in the early scientific literature. This connection, however, has not yet been considered in the recent empirical literature and clinical trials on SP. The aim of this study is to examine these associations. In a sample of 100 consecutive inpatients we compare 45 patients with pathological DP to 55 patients without pathological DP with respect to comorbidity and the degree of social anxieties assessed with the SOCIAL INTERACTION ANXIETY SCALE (SIAS) and with the SOCIAL PHOBIA SCALE (SPS) and the extent of shame assessed with the INTERNALIZED SHAME SCALE (ISS). Social phobia was significantly more prevalent in the patients with pathological DP. Furthermore, the patients with pathological DP showed a significantly larger extent of social anxieties (SIAS, SPS) and shame (ISS). The results may be considered as a preliminary empirical support of the assumed associations and thus warrant an enhanced consideration of DP in therapy and research of social anxiety disorders. PMID:17031770

Michal, Matthias; Heidenreich, Thomas; Engelbach, Ute; Lenz, Cynthia; Overbeck, Gerd; Beutel, Manfred; Grabhorn, Ralph

2006-01-01

275

Social anxiety and social norms in individualistic and collectivistic countries  

PubMed Central

Background Social anxiety is assumed to be related to cultural norms across countries. Heinrichs and colleagues [1] compared individualistic and collectivistic countries and found higher social anxiety and more positive attitudes toward socially avoidant behaviors in collectivistic than in individualistic countries. However, the authors failed to include Latin American countries in the collectivistic group. Methods To provide support for these earlier results within an extended sample of collectivistic countries, 478 undergraduate students from individualistic countries were compared with 388 undergraduate students from collectivistic countries (including East Asian and Latin American) via self report of social anxiety and social vignettes assessing social norms. Results As expected, the results of Heinrichs and colleagues [1] were replicated for the individualistic and Asian countries but not for Latin American countries. Latin American countries displayed the lowest social anxiety levels, whereas the collectivistic East Asian group displayed the highest. Conclusions These findings indicate that while culture-mediated social norms affect social anxiety and might help to shed light on the etiology of social anxiety disorder, the dimension of individualism-collectivism may not fully capture the relevant norms.

Schreier, Sina-Simone; Heinrichs, Nina; Alden, Lynn; Rapee, Ronald M.; Hofmann, Stefan G.; Chen, Junwen; Ja Oh, Kyung; Bogels, Susan

2010-01-01

276

Cultural Aspects in Social Anxiety and Social Anxiety Disorder  

PubMed Central

To examine cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder (SAD), we reviewed the literature on the prevalence rates, expressions, and treatments of social anxiety/SAD as they relate to culture, race, and ethnicity. We further reviewed factors that contribute to the differences in social anxiety/SAD between different cultures, including individualism/collectivism, perception of social norms, self-construal, gender roles, and gender role identification. Our review suggests that the prevalence and expression of social anxiety/SAD depends on the particular culture. Asian cultures typically show the lowest rates, whereas Russian and US samples show the highest rates, of SAD. Taijin kyofusho is discussed as a possible culture-specific expression of social anxiety, although the empirical evidence concerning the validity of this syndrome has been mixed. It is concluded that the individual's social concerns need to be examined in the context of the person's cultural, racial, and ethnic background in order to adequately assess the degree and expression of social anxiety and social anxiety disorder. This has direct relevance for the upcoming DSM-V.

Hofmann, Stefan G.; Asnaani, Anu; Hinton, Devon E.

2010-01-01

277

An experimental manipulation of social comparison in social anxiety.  

PubMed

Negative self-appraisal is thought to maintain social anxiety particularly when comparing oneself to others. Work on social comparison suggests that gender may moderate the effects of social comparison in social anxiety. Self-appraisals of the desirability of one's personality may be more important to women, whereas self-appraisal of signs of anxiety may be more important to men. Within each gender, those with high social anxiety are expected to report more negative self-appraisal when comparing themselves to someone else described as high achieving. This study is the first we are aware of that examined gender-based interactive effects after a social comparison manipulation. Participants read a bogus profile of a fellow student's adjustment to college. They were randomly assigned to read a profile suggesting that the fellow student was "high achieving" or more normative in his/her achievements. When comparing to a "high achieving" individual, men with high social anxiety reported the most negative self-appraisals of their signs of anxiety. In addition, greater social anxiety was associated with a poorer self-appraisal of personality only among men. The implications of the findings for conceptualizing the role of social comparison in social anxiety are discussed. PMID:24779421

Mitchell, Melissa A; Schmidt, Norman B

2014-09-01

278

Social stability and health: exploring multidimensional social disadvantage.  

PubMed

Social stability is an understudied construct in public health that offers a useful framework for understanding social disadvantage across multiple domains. This study investigated prevalence and patterns of cooccurrence among a hypothesized set of social stability characteristics (housing, residential transition, employment, income, incarceration, and partner relationship), evaluated the possibility of underlying subgroups of social stability, and investigated the association between social stability and health outcomes. Data were from comprehensive interviews with primarily African-American low income urban women and their female social network members (n?=?635) in Baltimore. Analysis included exploratory statistics, latent class analysis, and latent class regression accounting for clustered data using Stata and Mplus software. Social stability characteristics cooccurred in predictable directions, but with heterogeneity. Respondents had an average of three stability characteristics (S.D.: 1.4). Latent class analysis identified two classes of social stability: low (25%) and high (75%), with the higher class less likely to experience each of the included indicators. In controlled models, higher social stability was significantly correlated with social network characteristics and neighborhood integration. Higher social stability was independently associated with reduced risk of chronic illness (AOR: 0.54, 95% C.I.: 0.31, 0.94), mental illness history (AOR: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.15, 0.39), and current depressive symptoms (AOR: 0.35, 95% C.I.: 0.22, 0.57). The current set of social stability characteristics appears to represent a single construct with identifiable underlying subgroups and associated health disparities. Findings suggest a need for comprehensive policies and programs that address structural determinants of cooccurring social disadvantage and help to mitigate the likely spiral effect of instability experiences. PMID:22131164

German, Danielle; Latkin, Carl A

2012-02-01

279

Different Aspects of Social Network Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social network is a set of people (or organizations or other social entities) connected by a set of social relation- ships, such as friendship, co-working or information exchange. Social network analysis focuses on the analysis of patterns of relationships among people, organizations, states and such social entities. Social network analysis provides both a visual and a mathematical analysis of

Mohsen Jamali; Hassan Abolhassani

2006-01-01

280

The Social Ecology of Adolescent Alcohol Misuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual framework based on social ecology, social learning, and social control theories guided identification of social contexts, contextual attributes, and joint effects that contribute to development of adolescent alcohol misuse. Modeling of alcohol use, suggested by social learning theory, and indicators of the social bond, suggested by…

Ennett, Susan T.; Foshee, Vangie A.; Bauman, Karl E.; Hussong, Andrea; Cai, Li; Reyes, Heathe Luz McNaughton; Faris, Robert; Hipp, John; DuRant, Robert

2008-01-01

281

Discovering Overlapping Groups in Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing popularity of social media is shortening the distance between people. Social activities, e.g., tagging in Flickr, book marking in Delicious, twittering in Twitter, etc. are reshaping people's social life and redefining their social roles. People with shared interests tend to form their groups in social media, and users within the same community likely exhibit similar social behavior (e.g.,

Xufei Wang; Lei Tang; Huiji Gao; Huan Liu

2010-01-01

282

Build your own social network laboratory with Social Lab: A tool for research in social media.  

PubMed

Social networking has surpassed e-mail and instant messaging as the dominant form of online communication (Meeker, Devitt, & Wu, 2010). Currently, all large social networks are proprietary, making it difficult to impossible for researchers to make changes to such networks for the purpose of study design and access to user-generated data from the networks. To address this issue, the authors have developed and present Social Lab, an Internet-based free and open-source social network software system available from http://www.sociallab.es . Having full availability of navigation and communication data in Social Lab allows researchers to investigate behavior in social media on an individual and group level. Automated artificial users ("bots") are available to the researcher to simulate and stimulate social networking situations. These bots respond dynamically to situations as they unfold. The bots can easily be configured with scripts and can be used to experimentally manipulate social networking situations in Social Lab. Examples for setting up, configuring, and using Social Lab as a tool for research in social media are provided. PMID:24061930

Garaizar, Pablo; Reips, Ulf-Dietrich

2014-06-01

283

Social behavior as discriminative stimulus and consequence in social anthropology  

PubMed Central

A behavior analysis is provided for three topics in social anthropology. Food, social relations, and ritual behaviors can enter into contingencies both as functional consequences and as discriminative stimuli for the reinforcement of behaviors through generalized social consequences. Many “symbolic” behaviors, which some social anthropologists believe go beyond an individual material basis, are analyzed as the latter. It is shown how the development of self-regulation to bridge remote consequences can undermine a group's generalized social control. It is also shown that rituals and taboos can be utilized to maintain generalized social compliance, which in turn can maintain both the community's verbal behavior and other group behaviors that bridge indirect and remote consequences.

Guerin, Bernard

1992-01-01

284

The Social Work Reinvestment Initiative: advocacy and social work practice.  

PubMed

In 2006, NASW launched the Social Work Reinvestment Initiative by granting each state chapter $15,000 in seed money to address the most pressing social work needs in the state. This article describes how NASW-SD, with 246 members, launched an epic campaign that resulted in the establishment of the only MSW program in South Dakota. Using historical research methods, this article demonstrates the power of social work advocacy when members unify in pursuit of a common goal and describes how the social workers rallied to educate policymakers and the public on the value of social work and its delivery of necessary social services at all levels and in all fields of practice. The research highlights an uphill battle of advocacy and the skillful planning and implementation of a campaign to secure state funding to establish the first MSW program in the state, at the beginning of the most difficult economic recession since the Great Depression. PMID:25076644

Talbot, Elizabeth Peffer; McMillin, Joan A

2014-07-01

285

Treatments to Increase Social Awareness and Social Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a There is an extensive literature on methods for increasing the social awareness and social skills of people with autism spectrum\\u000a disorders (ASDs) of every diagnostic category and every age. This work varies in research quality from the mediocre to the\\u000a exemplary, although the exemplary are outnumbered by the less rigorous. One reason for the focus on treating social behaviors\\u000a is

Suzannah J. Ferraioli; Sandra L. Harris

286

Socialization of emotion: Pathway to preschoolers' emotional and social competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aspects of 47 preschoolers'emotional competence—their patterns of emotional expressiveness and reactions to others' emotion displays—were observed in two settings, with mother and with peers, and their general social competence was rated by their preschool teachers. Intrapersonal and interpersonal (i.e., socialization correlates of children's emotional competence were identified, and a causal model incorporating direct and indirect influences on social competence was

Susanne A. Denham; Leslie Grout

1993-01-01

287

Coupling Social Solidarity and Social Harmony in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

The various forms of social solidarity are empirically uncharted, especially in relation to social harmony. With respect to\\u000a resource exchange theory, inclusive solidarity or intergroup acceptance is more conducive to social harmony than mechanical,\\u000a organic, distributive, and dialogic forms of solidarity. The theoretical prediction holds in the present study that surveyed\\u000a 1,093 Hong Kong Chinese. Importantly, one’s experience of inclusive

Chau-kiu Cheung; Stephen Kan Ma

2011-01-01

288

Concomitants of Social Support: Social Skills, Physical Attractiveness, and Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the naturally occurring relations among self-reported social support and social skills, on the one hand, and behavioral measures and rated physical attractiveness on the other. Eighty-four men and 84 women, selected on the basis of high and low number scores on the Social Support Questionnaire, were videotaped in two dyadic situations with a same-sex partner. Subjects also

Barbara R. Sarason; Irwin G. Sarason; T. Anthony Hacker; Robert B. Basham

1985-01-01

289

Social contract and social integration in adolescent development.  

PubMed

Eighty-nine subjects from two high schools were tested during the spring of their sophomore and senior years, when their mean ages were 16 years, 1 month, and 18 years, 1 month, respectively. Composites measured social contract with: (a) independence, (b) implicit social contract, societal norms and expectations, and (c) explicit social contracts, rules. Composites and single items measured social integration with: (d) role commitment, (e) social-American Dream, accepting the belief in the American Dream that hard work would lead to social success, (f) self-American Dream, belief that hard work will produce personal satisfaction and success, (g) raw deal, perceptions of being treated unfairly, (h) self-blame, and (i) feelings of hopelessness. The results of the cross-lagged panel correlations generally support the hypothesis that students respond to implicit social contracts through role commitment, which is further expressed by a belief in the American Dream for social fulfillment, while responding to the perception of explicit social contracts by not believing in the benefits of the American Dream for personal fulfillment. These results were interpreted as supporting Dienstbier's theory of moral development. PMID:4057048

Hilles, W S; Kahle, L R

1985-10-01

290

Cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder.  

PubMed

To examine cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder (SAD), we reviewed the literature on the prevalence rates, expressions, and treatments of social anxiety/SAD as they relate to culture, race, and ethnicity. We further reviewed factors that contribute to the differences in social anxiety/SAD between different cultures, including individualism/collectivism, perception of social norms, self-construal, gender roles, and gender role identification. Our review suggests that the prevalence and expression of social anxiety/SAD depends on the particular culture. Asian cultures typically show the lowest rates, whereas Russian and US samples show the highest rates, of SAD. Taijin kyofusho is discussed as a possible culture-specific expression of social anxiety, although the empirical evidence concerning the validity of this syndrome has been mixed. It is concluded that the individual's social concerns need to be examined in the context of the person's cultural, racial, and ethnic background in order to adequately assess the degree and expression of social anxiety and SAD. This has direct relevance for the upcoming DSM-V. PMID:21132847

Hofmann, Stefan G; Anu Asnaani, M A; Hinton, Devon E

2010-12-01

291

Perceived Social Isolation and Cognition  

PubMed Central

Social species, from Drosophila melanogaster to Homo sapiens, fare poorly when isolated. Homo sapiens, an irrepressibly meaning-making species, are, in normal circumstances, dramatically affected by perceived social isolation. Research indicates that perceived social isolation (i.e., loneliness) is a risk factor for, and may contribute to, poorer overall cognitive performance, faster cognitive decline, poorer executive functioning, more negativity and depressive cognition, heightened sensitivity to social threats, a confirmatory bias in social cognition that is self-protective and paradoxically self-defeating, heightened anthropomorphism, and contagion that threatens social cohesion. These differences in attention and cognition impact emotions, decisions, behaviors, and interpersonal interactions that may contribute to the association between loneliness and cognitive decline and between loneliness and morbidity more generally.

Cacioppo, John T.; Hawkley, Louise C.

2009-01-01

292

Communicating science in social settings  

PubMed Central

This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists—driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication—to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future.

Scheufele, Dietram A.

2013-01-01

293

Collaboration in social networks  

PubMed Central

The very notion of social network implies that linked individuals interact repeatedly with each other. This notion allows them not only to learn successful strategies and adapt to them, but also to condition their own behavior on the behavior of others, in a strategic forward looking manner. Game theory of repeated games shows that these circumstances are conducive to the emergence of collaboration in simple games of two players. We investigate the extension of this concept to the case where players are engaged in a local contribution game and show that rationality and credibility of threats identify a class of Nash equilibria—that we call “collaborative equilibria”—that have a precise interpretation in terms of subgraphs of the social network. For large network games, the number of such equilibria is exponentially large in the number of players. When incentives to defect are small, equilibria are supported by local structures whereas when incentives exceed a threshold they acquire a nonlocal nature, which requires a “critical mass” of more than a given fraction of the players to collaborate. Therefore, when incentives are high, an individual deviation typically causes the collapse of collaboration across the whole system. At the same time, higher incentives to defect typically support equilibria with a higher density of collaborators. The resulting picture conforms with several results in sociology and in the experimental literature on game theory, such as the prevalence of collaboration in denser groups and in the structural hubs of sparse networks.

Dall'Asta, Luca; Marsili, Matteo; Pin, Paolo

2012-01-01

294

Quantifying social group evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rich set of interactions between individuals in society results in complex community structure, capturing highly connected circles of friends, families or professional cliques in a social network. Thanks to frequent changes in the activity and communication patterns of individuals, the associated social and communication network is subject to constant evolution. Our knowledge of the mechanisms governing the underlying community dynamics is limited, but is essential for a deeper understanding of the development and self-optimization of society as a whole. We have developed an algorithm based on clique percolation that allows us to investigate the time dependence of overlapping communities on a large scale, and thus uncover basic relationships characterizing community evolution. Our focus is on networks capturing the collaboration between scientists and the calls between mobile phone users. We find that large groups persist for longer if they are capable of dynamically altering their membership, suggesting that an ability to change the group composition results in better adaptability. The behaviour of small groups displays the opposite tendency-the condition for stability is that their composition remains unchanged. We also show that knowledge of the time commitment of members to a given community can be used for estimating the community's lifetime. These findings offer insight into the fundamental differences between the dynamics of small groups and large institutions.

Palla, Gergely; Barabási, Albert-László; Vicsek, Tamás

2007-04-01

295

Social mobility and educational selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a close interactive relationship between social mobility and educational selection. On one side, the character, direction,\\u000a speed, level, methods and trends of social mobility affect the aims, goals, functions, scope, strategy, content and methods\\u000a of choice in education. On the other side, the goals, basis and means of choosing education promote inter-generational social\\u000a mobility, competitive mobility and structural

Zefang Dong; Yanbin Wang; Wenjiao Chen

2009-01-01

296

Dichotomies and contemporary social movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay Vincenzo Ruggiero explores the dichotomy between theories of new social movements that draw upon rationalist\\/resource?mobilization approaches and those that focus on collective identity and cultural difference as key motivators. Taking contemporary social movements (CSMs) engaged in opposition to globalizing neo?liberalism (from anti?G8 protests to the World Social Forums) as the focus of analysis, the paper argues that

Vincenzo Ruggiero

2005-01-01

297

Social ties and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted\\u000a review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined\\u000a as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First,\\u000a the pathways by which social networks

Ichiro Kawachi; Lisa F. Berkman

2001-01-01

298

Online Identities and Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals\\u000a for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online\\u000a identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between\\u000a online identities and social networking.

Muthucumaru Maheswaran; Bader Ali; Hatice Ozguven; Julien Lord

2010-01-01

299

Parental Anti-Smoking Socialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study of 600 families concentrates on the influence of parental anti-smoking socialization by examining both (a) the effects of eight indicators of anti-smoking socialization on adolescent smoking and (b) the influence of parental smoking on the effectiveness of their anti-smoking socialization. Robust differences between smoking and non-smoking parents demonstrated that both kinds of families hold different norms and

William W. Hale; III; W. H. J. Meeus; Rutger C. M. E. Engels

2006-01-01

300

The Possibilities of Network Sociality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technologically networked social forms are broad, extensive and in demand. The rapid development and growth of web 2.0, or the social web, is evidence of the need and indeed hunger for social connectivity: people are searching for many and varied ways of enacting being-together. However, the ways in which we think of, research and write about network(ed) sociality are relatively recent and arguably restricted, warranting further critique and development. This article attempts to do several things: it raises questions about the types of sociality enacted in contemporary techno-society; critically explores the notion of the networked individual and the focus on the individual evident in much of the technology and sociality literature and asks questions about the place of the social in these discussions. It argues for a more well-balanced and multilevelled approach to questions of sociality in networked societies. The article starts from the position that possibilities enabled/afforded by the technologies we have in place have an effect upon the ways in which we understand being in the world together and our possible actions and futures. These possibilities are more than simply supplementary; in many ways they are transformative. The ways in which we grapple with these questions reveals as much about our understandings of sociality as it does about the technologies themselves.

Willson, Michele

301

Assessment of Social Interaction Behaviors  

PubMed Central

Social interactions are a fundamental and adaptive component of the biology of numerous species. Social recognition is critical for the structure and stability of the networks and relationships that define societies. For animals, such as mice, recognition of conspecifics may be important for maintaining social hierarchy and for mate choice 1. A variety of neuropsychiatric disorders are characterized by disruptions in social behavior and social recognition, including depression, autism spectrum disorders, bipolar disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and schizophrenia. Studies of humans as well as animal models (e.g., Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus) have identified genes involved in the regulation of social behavior 2. To assess sociability in animal models, several behavioral tests have been developed (reviewed in 3). Integrative research using animal models and appropriate tests for social behavior may lead to the development of improved treatments for social psychopathologies. The three-chamber paradigm test known as Crawley's sociability and preference for social novelty protocol has been successfully employed to study social affiliation and social memory in several inbred and mutant mouse lines (e.g. 4-7). The main principle of this test is based on the free choice by a subject mouse to spend time in any of three box's compartments during two experimental sessions, including indirect contact with one or two mice with which it is unfamiliar. To quantitate social tendencies of the experimental mouse, the main tasks are to measure a) the time spent with a novel conspecific and b) preference for a novel vs. a familiar conspecific. Thus, the experimental design of this test allows evaluation of two critical but distinguishable aspects of social behavior, such as social affiliation/motivation, as well as social memory and novelty. "Sociability" in this case is defined as propensity to spend time with another mouse, as compared to time spent alone in an identical but empty chamber 7. "Preference for social novelty" is defined as propensity to spend time with a previously unencountered mouse rather than with a familiar mouse 7. This test provides robust results, which then must be carefully analyzed, interpreted and supported/confirmed by alternative sociability tests. In addition to specific applications, Crawley's sociability test can be included as an important component of general behavioral screen of mutant mice.

Kaidanovich-Beilin, Oksana; Lipina, Tatiana; Vukobradovic, Igor; Roder, John; Woodgett, James R.

2011-01-01

302

International Social Survey Programme: ISSP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is an ongoing project that promotes the cross-national collaboration of social science research. Each year, the 29 member countries of the ISSP contribute data from national social science research projects to an international survey. The topic for the international survey changes every year; past topics have included social inequality, role of government, religion, and national identity. This Website provides general information about the program, a list of international surveys from 1985 to 1999, an archive of data sets used by the ISSP, profiles of participating countries, and a bibliography of publications.

303

Social Security Death Index (SSDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Security Death Index (SSDI), provided by Infobases, Inc., is a searchable database of the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). DMF "contains over 50 million records created from SSA payment records." The database can contain name, social security number, date of birth, date of death, and last residence/lump sum payment information when available, and can be searched on those criteria. Search help is available from the home page. Note that this is not an index of everyone who has died in the United States, but rather an index of people who had Social Security Benefits when they died.

1998-01-01

304

Social Anxiety and Performance in Ambiguous versus Structured Social Situations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has suggested that behavioral differences between shy and not shy persons may be explained by differences in inhibition rather than differences in interpersonal skills. To investigate the behavior of high and low social anxiety subjects in both ambiguous social situations and in explicitly structured ones, three studies using…

Turner, Robert G.

305

Strengthening the Social within Social Psychology: An Experiential Learning Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a social psychology class based on experiential learning, students carry out research and interpret a setting by observing social interaction. Settings include correctional facilities, self-help groups, and abuse shelters. Describes students responsibilities, reactions, data collection, analysis, and project findings. Finds students learn…

Taub, Diane E.

1991-01-01

306

Social Capital, Social Control, and Changes in Victimization Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A neighborhood-level model of crime that connects the central dimensions of social capital with specific forms of social control is developed. The proposed model is tested using a structural equation model that predicts changes in empirical Bayes log odds of neighborhood victimization rates between 2000 and 2001 in 41 neighborhoods in South…

Hawdon, James; Ryan, John

2009-01-01

307

Social Identity Change: Shifts in Social Identity during Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the proposition that adolescence involves significant shifts in social identity as a function of changes in social context and cognitive style. Using an experimental design, we primed either peer or gender identity with a sample of 380 early- (12-13 years), mid- (15-16 years), and late-adolescents (18-20 years) and then…

Tanti, Chris; Stukas, Arthur A.; Halloran, Michael J.; Foddy, Margaret

2011-01-01

308

SOCIAL STRUCTURES AND SOCIAL CLIMATES IN HIGH SCHOOLS, FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO--(1) INQUIRE INTO THE NATURE OF ADOLESCENT SOCIAL CLIMATES, (2) LEARN WHAT FACTORS IN THE SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY TEND TO GENERATE ONE OR ANOTHER ADOLESCENT CLIMATE, AND (3) DETERMINE THE CONSEQUENCES OF SUCH SOCIAL CLIMATES UPON THE ADOLESCENTS LIVING WITHIN THEM. THE STUDY WAS CARRIED ON IN 10 HIGH SCHOOLS…

COLEMAN, JAMES; AND OTHERS

309

Social Skills, Social Research Skills, Sociological Skills: Teaching Reflexivity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that training in social research methods is a central part of sociology education. Maintains that, while social and communication skills are managerially and epistemologically important to successful research, they often are ignored. Argues for the inclusion of these skills in research methods courses. (CFR)

Jenkins, Richard

1995-01-01

310

Effects of Social Learning Training with Socially Rejected Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six third-grade subjects who were selected by peers' sociometric ratings, teacher rating, and observation of six social skills, received social skills training, and individual and group intervention. Ss' behavior were shaped in skill areas to approximate average peer rate, with resulting increase in sociometric ranking and teacher rating.…

Csapo, Marg

1983-01-01

311

Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives Addressing Social Exclusion in Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

The private sector is often seen as a driver of exclusionary processes rather than a partner in improving the health and welfare of socially-excluded populations. However, private-sector initiatives and partnerships—collectively labelled corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives—may be able to positively impact social status, earning potential, and access to services and resources for socially-excluded populations. This paper presents case studies of CSR projects in Bangladesh that are designed to reduce social exclusion among marginalized populations and explores whether CSR initiatives can increase economic and social capabilities to reduce exclusion. The examples provide snapshots of projects that (a) increase job-skills and employment opportunities for women, disabled women, and rehabilitated drug-users and (b) provide healthcare services to female workers and their communities. The CSR case studies cover a limited number of people but characteristics and practices replicable and scaleable across different industries, countries, and populations are identified. Common success factors from the case studies form the basis for recommendations to design and implement more CSR initiatives targeting socially-excluded groups. The analysis found that CSR has potential for positive and lasting impact on developing countries, especifically on socially-excluded populations. However, there is a need for additional monitoring and critical evaluation.

2009-01-01

312

HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y CONTEXTOS DE LA CONDUCTA SOCIAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social skills, or interpersonal skills, have been the object of increasing interest over recent years within the field of social, clinical and educational psychology; nevertheless, both their assessment and psychological interventions for their improvement are faced with a disconcerting number of different classifications or divergent categories of said skills. As a result of successive factorial studies, this paper proposes five

Maite Eceiza; Modesto Arrieta; Alfredo Goñi

313

Neighborhood Deterioration, Social Skills, and Social Relationships in Late Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is designed to test two hypotheses. The first specifies that older adults who live in dilapidated neighborhoods will receive less social support and encounter more negative interaction with family and friends. The second hypothesis proposes that the relationship between deteriorated neighborhood conditions and social relationships will…

Krause, Neal

2006-01-01

314

Introduction to Social Media in Social Informatics Minitrack  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our minitrack aims to 1) Explore the impacts of social media, such as BBS, Wiki, blog, SNS, twitter and so on, with respect to human behavior and choices in everyday life. 2) Develop the concepts and technologies, such as knowledge creation, data-mining, and so on, for effective sharing of information and knowledge among people by the social media.

Toshizumi Ohta; Isamu Okada; Hitoshi Yamamoto; Hirohiko Suwa

2012-01-01

315

Self-focused attention in social phobia and social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-focused attention is an awareness of self-referent information and is present in many emotional disorders. This review concentrates on the role of self-focused attention in social anxiety with particular reference to the Clark and Wells [Clark, D. M., & Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In R. R. G. Heimberg, M. Liebowitz, D. A. Hope, & S.

Jane M. Spurr; Lusia Stopa

2002-01-01

316

A Social Reinforcement Experiment in an Open Social System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The object of the present study was to develop and test the effectiveness of a behavior modification approach to behavior training, in the context of a social living situation in a Job Corps Center for men. The model for this approach is derived from recent research in social reinforcement learning, as applied to behavior training in laboratories…

Buehler, Roy E.; And Others

317

A Pilot Social Skills Group for Socially Disorganized Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on the setting up and running of two social skills groups within the Bedfordshire and Luton Community NHS Trust. Groups were established in response to an increase in referrals of ‘socially disorganized’ children to the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS), and a lack of local services to meet these children’s needs. As a pilot project,

Caroline Savidge; Deborah Christie; Emily Brooks; Samuel M. Stein; Miranda Wolpert

2004-01-01

318

Social worker trauma: Building resilience in child protection social workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child protection social workers can experience psychological trauma effects as a result of their work. This article considers the utility of the trauma perspective in understanding and intervening when overwhelming events impact social workers. Psychological trauma theory enhances earlier contributions of the stress and burnout literatures in the effort to increase the efficacy and well?being of child protection staff. Resilience

Mark Horwitz

1998-01-01

319

Effects of social isolation and social separation in domestic chicks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducted 2 experiments with 60 white Leghorn chicks, with subsamples of 24 and 36 animals tested in 2 independent replications, to assess the impact of early social isolation and social separation on the behavior of domestic chicks. In Exp I, a 3-wk longitudinal study, the day-to-day behavior of isolated chicks was compared to the behavior of birds housed in pairs.

D. W. Rajecki; Stephen J. Suomi; Echo A. Scott; Barbara Campbell

1977-01-01

320

Some social implications of psychoanalytic theory: a social work perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we approached the bifurcation of the micro-macro theory problem in social work by exploring the social implications of psychodynamic theory. The implications of the various streams of psychodynamic theory lead to some very different questions, concerns and possible solutions. Throughout we attend to the following themes: the centrality of understanding human subjectivity (conscious and unconscious), identity and

Brian Rasmussen; Daniel Salhani

2010-01-01

321

Student Perceptions of Social Justice and Social Justice Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encouraging students to engage in activities that actively seek to promote social justice is a goal of many educators. This study analyzed college student perceptions around social justice and related activities in a medium-sized, urban university in the United States. Students' open-ended responses to questions assessing their perceptions of…

Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Steele, Cheronda; Schulz, Erica; Taha, Farah; Pico, Chantal

2014-01-01

322

THE HISTORY OF SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL WELFARE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work as a profession grew chiefly out of the development of social welfare policies and programs in the United States, Europe, and Muslim countries. Judeo-Christian and Muslim practices and beliefs underlie many of the early attempts to provide help to the poor, the sick, widows, orphans, the \\

Leslie Leighninger

2007-01-01

323

Consumer-oriented social data fusion: controlled learning in social environments, social advertising, and more  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper explores the current practices in social data fusion and analysis as it applies to consumer-oriented applications in a slew of areas including business, economics, politics, sciences, medicine, education and more. A categorization of these systems is proposed and contributions to each area are explored preceded by a discussion of some special issues related to social data and networks. From this work, future paths of consumer-based social data analysis research and current outstanding problems are discovered.

Grewe, L.

2013-05-01

324

HIV/AIDS, social capital, and online social networks.  

PubMed

The prospects for online social networks as sites of information-gathering and affiliation for persons with AIDS and others concerned about HIV/AIDS not only represent the latest development in a trend toward circumventing traditional media and official information sources, but also may offer hope for a revitalization of HIV/AIDS discourse in the public sphere. This article provides an overview of three decades of information-seeking on the pandemic and its social and personal implications, as well as case studies of three examples of social networking surrounding HIV/AIDS. It finds preliminary evidence of the formation of strong and weak ties as described in Social Network Theory and suggests that the online accumulation of social capital by opinion leaders could facilitate dissemination of messages on HIV/AIDS awareness and testing. PMID:23844886

Drushel, Bruce E

2013-08-01

325

[Social cohesion and regional integration: the MERCOSUR social agenda and the integrationist social policy major challenges].  

PubMed

In the consolidation of the Southern Cone Common Market (MERCOSUR), social policies are still in the embryonic stage. However, since the latter half of the 1990s there has been a speedup in the creation of institutions dedicated to such policies with the Common Market's framework. This article focuses on health policy and the broader social policy system in order to identify the reasons for the imbalance, through three movements: reconstitution of the history of the institutional construction of social policies in MERCOSUR; identification and comparison of the successive strategies for the formulation and implementation of the social integration agenda; and reflection on the current dilemmas and challenges faced by the process. According to the study, MERCOSUR operates with strategies that are difficult to mutually reconcile. On the institutional level, it follows a minimalist strategy, while on the conceptual/ discursive level it adopts a maximalist strategy for supranational unification of social policies. The fact is that it operates a minimalist social policy strategy, since it fails to bring to the field of social integration the debate and proposals on economic and social development models that could sustain the effective construction of regional social citizenship. PMID:17625644

Draibe, Sônia Miriam

2007-01-01

326

Churn in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past, churn has been identified as an issue across most industry sectors. In its most general sense it refers to the rate of loss of customers from a company's customer base. There is a simple reason for the attention churn attracts: churning customers mean a loss of revenue. Emerging from business spaces like telecommunications (telcom) and broadcast providers, where churn is a major issue, it is also regarded as a crucial problem in many other businesses, such as online games creators, but also online social networks and discussion sites. Companies aim at identifying the risk of churn in its early stages, as it is usually much cheaper to retain a customer than to try to win him or her back. If this risk can be accurately predicted, marketing departments can target customers efficiently with tailored incentives to prevent them from leaving.

Karnstedt, Marcel; Hennessy, Tara; Chan, Jeffrey; Basuchowdhuri, Partha; Hayes, Conor; Strufe, Thorsten

327

The malignant social network  

PubMed Central

Tumors contain a vastly complicated cellular network that relies on local communication to execute malignant programs. The molecular cues that are involved in cell-cell adhesion orchestrate large-scale tumor behaviors such as proliferation and invasion. We have recently begun to appreciate that many tumors contain a high degree of cellular heterogeneity and are organized in a cellular hierarchy, with a cancer stem cell (CSC) population identified at the apex in multiple cancer types. CSCs reside in unique microenvironments or niches that are responsible for directing their behavior through cellular interactions between CSCs and stromal cells, generating a malignant social network. Identifying cell-cell adhesion mechanisms in this network has implications for the basic understanding of tumorigenesis and the development of more effective therapies. In this review, we will discuss our current understanding of cell-cell adhesion mechanisms used by CSCs and how these local interactions have global consequences for tumor biology.

Hale, James S.; Li, Meizhang; Lathia, Justin D.

2012-01-01

328

Conceptualising value creation for social change management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian and international governments are increasingly adopting social marketing as a social change management tool to deal with complex social problems. Government decision makers typically need to balance the use of business models and management theories whilst maintaining the integrity of government policy. In taking this approach, decision makers experience management tensions between a social mission to equitably deliver social

Rebekah Russell-Bennett; Josephine Previte; Nadia Zainuddin

2009-01-01

329

A Social Studies Discipline. Bulletin 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of conferences papers examines social studies as an intellectual discipline and focuses on the idea of a social studies discipline. The papers presented are: "A Discipline of Social Studies" (Ronald Evans); "Discipline, Knowledge, and Social Education" (Jack Nelson); "Reflections on a Discipline of the Social Studies" (Wilma…

Barth, James L., Ed.

330

An Invitation to Postmodern Social Cartography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay demonstrates how social cartography--the writing and reading of maps addressing questions of location in the social milieu--may enhance social research and move it forward in its struggles to distance itself from the positivistic restraints of modernism. Social cartography suggests an opening of dialogue among diverse social players,…

Paulston, Rolland G.; Liebman, Martin

331

An Invitation to Postmodern Social Cartography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Structures of multiple education and knowledge systems can be recreated in maps, in a social cartography where the space of the social map reflects effects of social changes in real space. Such maps allow social research to escape from modernism's positivist restraints, improve comparative educators' understanding of the social milieu, and open…

Paulston, Rolland G.; Liebman, Martin

1994-01-01

332

Autobiographical memory biases in social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with social anxiety preferentially attend to threatening social information during and following social events. As such, cognitive models predict that social anxiety should be associated with biases in the recall of social events. However, initial experimental studies examining this assumption either failed to find such biases or found only weak evidence for an autobiographical memory bias. The current review

Julie Morgan

2010-01-01

333

A Parent's Guide to the Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide gives parents answers to seven questions: (1) What are the social studies? (2) How are the social studies taught? (3) Why do social studies educators say that knowing information is not enough? (4) Why are there so many social studies courses? (5) What is happening to the language of the social studies? (6) What issues are discussed in…

Roselle, Daniel

1974-01-01

334

Social skills deficits associated with depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the empirical evidence of impaired social skills associated with depression. Conceptualizations of social skills are examined followed by evidence from self-report, observer-rating, and behavioral assessments of depressed people's social skills. Evidence of social skills deficits in children with depression and in people with bipolar disorder is also examined. The effectiveness of social skills training as a treatment

Chris Segrin

2000-01-01

335

Variability in Autistic Children's Social Responsiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to systematically explore the range of variation in social response in 17 subjects (ages 5 to 15) with infantile autism. To collect observational data on social initiations, social responses, social monitoring with eye contact, and responses to specific types of social events, subjects were observed during free play in their…

Fein, Deborah; And Others

336

Social Cognition and Revictimization Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to accurately detect violations in social contracts likely helps people to avoid or to withdraw from relationships in which they are at risk of being cheated or harmed. Betrayal trauma theory argues that detecting violations of social contracts may be counter-productive to survival under certain conditions, such as when a victim is dependent on a perpetrator. When dependent

Anne P. DePrince

2005-01-01

337

Social Studies. [SITE 2002 Section].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on social studies from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2002 conference: (1) "Technology Portfolios in Pre-Service Social Studies Teacher Education" (Marsha Alibrandi); (2) "North Carolina's Sixth Graders Go to Russia: A Global Education/Curriculum Integration Project…

2002

338

A Theory Of Social Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay incorporates a general treatment of social interactions into the modern theory of consumer demand. Section 1 introduces the topic and explores some of the existing perspectives on social interactions and their importance in the basic structure of wants. In Section 2, various characteristics of different persons are assumed to affect the utility functions of some persons, and the

Gary S. Becker

1974-01-01

339

Social Capital and the Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

For as long as people have managed natural resources, they have engaged in collective action. But development assistance has paid too little attention to how social and human capital affects environmental outcomes. Social capital comprises relations of trust, reciprocity, common rules, norms and sanctions, and connectedness in institutions. Recent years have seen remarkable advances in group formation, with in the

Jules Pretty; Hugh Ward

2001-01-01

340

Redistributive taxation and social insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the role of social insurance as a redistributive mechanism in presence of an optimal (linear or general) income tax. It considers a second-best setting with two unobservable individual characteristics: ability, measured by the wage rate and risk, measured by the probability of incurring a loss. It shows that both tax progressivity and the optimal level of social

Helmuth Cremer; Pierre Pestieau

1996-01-01

341

Naive Theories of Social Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four studies examined children's (ages 3-10, Total N = 235) naive theories of social groups, in particular, their expectations about how group memberships constrain social interactions. After introduction to novel groups of people, preschoolers (ages 3-5) reliably expected agents from one group to harm members of the other group (rather than…

Rhodes, Marjorie

2012-01-01

342

Schools, Social Capital and Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the significance of social capital in relation to education, exploring its relevance to teachers and other professionals as well as among young people. It draws on aspects of five case studies undertaken by the Schools and Social Capital Network, within the Applied Educational Research Scheme in Scotland. These case studies…

Allan, Julie; Catts, Ralph

2014-01-01

343

Strong Reciprocity and Human Sociality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human groups maintain a high level of sociality despite a low level of relatedness among group members. This paper reviews the evidence for an empirically identifiable form of prosocial behavior in humans, which we call “strong reciprocity”, that may in part explain human sociality. A strong reciprocator is predisposed to cooperate with others and punish non-cooperators, even when this behavior

HERBERT GINTIS

2000-01-01

344

Chinese Movements and Social Controls.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this thesis is to explore and analyze the threat posed by certain social movements during the post-Mao reform era and the various methods of social control used by the Chinese government to deal with them. The thesis will use historical dat...

M. S. Mui

2006-01-01

345

Youth Homelessness and Social Stigma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building upon previous exploratory qualitative research (Kidd S.A. (2003) "Child Adol. Social Work J." 20(4):235-261), this paper examines the mental health implications of social stigma as it is experienced by homeless youth. Surveys conducted with 208 youths on the streets and in agencies in New York City and Toronto revealed significant…

Kidd, Sean A.

2007-01-01

346

Teachers' Goals regarding Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the enhancement of social competence of students in secondary education. In the literature two perspectives on social competence can be distinguished: an "educating for adulthood" perspective and an "educating for citizenship" perspective. From each perspective, goals are formulated for what education should be aimed at and…

Zwaans, Annemieke; ten Dam, Geert; Volman, Monique

2006-01-01

347

Children's Literature in Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's literature and the social studies need to be integrated so that holism is involved in pupil learning. A variety of kinds of reading materials should be available to learners so that each social studies unit might be meaningful and interesting. Individual differences among pupils' abilities and achievements must be adequately provided…

Ediger, Marlow

348

The Foundations of Social Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically there have been three recent attempts to supply an adequate foundation for social psychology. (1) Spencer and Schaeffle have developed a metabiological theory which implies a superconsciousness. Although superconsciousness is far from dead, this theory has not been generally accepted by psychologists. (2) Tarde has set forth a theory which reduces social phenomena to invention, opposition and repetition. Tarde's

K. Dunlap

1923-01-01

349

Social Studies and Effective Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of storytelling and interactive story building as a technique for effective social studies teaching. Describes Storyline, a structured approach to teaching and learning, in which the students and teacher create a story together. Emphasizes the broad coverage of social studies content and skills that is achieved with the method.…

Barr, Ian M.; McGuire, Margit E.

1993-01-01

350

Assessing Preference for Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined a procedure to assess preference for social interactions in individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Preferences were identified in five individuals using a paired-choice procedure in which participants approached therapists who provided different forms of social interactions. A subsequent tracking test showed that…

Clay, Casey J.; Samaha, Andrew L.; Bloom, Sarah E.; Bogoev, Bistra K.; Boyle, Megan A.

2013-01-01

351

The MOS social support survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and evaluation of a brief, multidimensional, self- administered, social support survey that was developed for patients in the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS), a two-year study of patients with chronic conditions. This survey was designed to be comprehensive in terms of recent thinking about the various dimensions of social support. In addition, it was designed to

Cathy Donald Sherbourne; Anita L. Stewart

1991-01-01

352

POLICY ELITES AND SOCIAL SECURITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do policy elites invoke public opinion? When they do, are their claims based on evidence from public opinion surveys? To learn about the claims that policy elites make, we examined statements the president and members of Congress, experts, and interest group leaders in congressional hearings made about Social Security. To learn about opinion data on Social Security, we conducted a

FAY LOMAX COOK; JASON BARABAS; BENJAMIN I. PAGE

353

Measuring Social Capital and Proximimty  

Microsoft Academic Search

A question how to position and measure the value of social capital (SC) of a company, country or region has come to predominate the debate over society and governance. We argue that social capital is of static or dynamic nature. We provide a tool to suitably measure it under both concepts. Also, we demonstrate that it is proximity that plays

Stanislaw Walukiewicz

2011-01-01

354

Children's Social Relations Interview Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Social Relations Interview Scale (CSRIS) was developed to assess the role expectations and role behaviors associated with physical disabilities, namely low status and independence. Three traits are assessed: succorance, the seeking of help and support; restraint, physical and social limitation and circumscription by others; and…

Volpe, Richard

355

Teaching Social Studies through Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests ways to use eight literary works in social studies teaching. Works include Sophocles'"Antigone," Shikibu's "The Tale of Genji," Austen's "Pride and Prejudice," Tolstoy's "War and Peace," Camus'"The Stranger," and Ellison's "The Invisible Man." Analyzes each work's theme, content, and style; relationship to social studies issues; and…

Massalias, Byron G.; And Others

1978-01-01

356

Social Class and the Extracurriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social class is a powerful and often unrecognized influence on student participation in the extracurriculum. Spontaneous student-created extracurricular experiences depend on students affiliating and interacting with each other; student social class is a powerful influence on student affiliations. Students tend to exercise consciousness of kind-…

Barratt, Will

2012-01-01

357

The Social Organization of Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are complex social settings where students, teachers, administrators, and parents interact to shape a child's educational experience. Any effort to improve educational outcomes for America's children requires a dynamic understanding of the environments in which children learn. In "The Social Organization of Schooling", editors Larry Hedges…

Hedges, Larry V., Ed.; Schneider, Barbara, Ed.

2005-01-01

358

LOOKING BACK AT SOCIAL HISTORY  

Microsoft Academic Search

I became a social historian in the late 1960s, and I am still at it. The field has gone through three metamorphoses during my working lifetime: its birth in social science and quantification, its love affair with British Marxism, and the theoretical pileup that we call the Cultural Turn. I have contributed nothing to theorizing those transformations, but I have

PAuL E. JOHNSON

2011-01-01

359

Does "Social Work Abstracts" Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The current study seeks to provide estimates of the adequacy of journal coverage in the Social Work Abstracts (SWA) database. Method: A total of 23 journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports social work category during the 1997 to 2005 period were selected for study. Issue-level coverage estimates were obtained for SWA and…

Holden, Gary; Barker, Kathleen; Covert-Vail, Lucinda; Rosenberg, Gary; Cohen, Stephanie A.

2008-01-01

360

Social Networking Goes to School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just a few years ago, social networking meant little more to educators than the headache of determining whether to penalize students for inappropriate activities captured on Facebook or MySpace. Now, teachers and students have an array of social-networking sites and tools--from Ning to VoiceThread and Second Life--to draw on for such serious uses…

Davis, Michelle R.

2010-01-01

361

Sesame Street: Socialization by Surrogate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews some of the controversy surrounding "Sesame Street's" treatment of the socialization progress of preschool television viewers. Examined in detail are those portions of "Sesame Street" programs which contribute to children's learning of socially acceptable attitudes and behaviors. Some comparisons are made between "Sesame Street"…

Felsenthal, Norman A.

362

Transpersonalism and Social Work Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes and advocates integration of a transpersonal model into clinical social work practice as a logical extension of the profession's inclusive perspective. The theory and practice of a transpersonal approach to psychotherapy and its applicability to social work are investigated, especially for use with marginalized populations. Transpersonalism is examined as an opportunity to enhance the worker's ability to

Arlen Keith Leight

2001-01-01

363

Computer Networks As Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer networks are inherently social networks, linking people, organizations, and knowledge. They are social institutions that should not be studied in isolation but as integrated into everyday lives. The proliferation of computer networks has facilitated a deemphasis on group solidarities at work and in the community and afforded a turn to networked societies that are loosely bounded and sparsely knit.

Barry Wellman

2001-01-01

364

Measuring Involvement with Social Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study applied research concepts from consumer product involvement to test a model for research on involvement with social issues. Issue involvement was defined as the state or level of perceived importance and/or interest evoked by a stimulus (issue) within a specific situation. Attitudes on four social issues--abortion, pornography, the…

Nowak, Glen J.; Salmon, Charles T.

365

Chaos, Topology, and Social Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies chaos theory to complex social organization, beginning with a mathematical definition of chaos. Shows how a nonlinear equation might be used to describe organization. The conclusion section identifies three approaches to analyzing chaos in social organization: metaphorical analysis, mathematical modeling, and data collection. (36…

Marion, Russ

1992-01-01

366

Values, Technology, and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concentration of power and the potential for abuse inherent in modern technology mandates the development of a personal and socially responsible ethic. The development and examination of this ethic should be reflected and integrated throughout social studies instruction. Historical examples of traditional virtues (sobriety, thrift, industry)…

Kirman, Joseph M.

1992-01-01

367

Social Implications of Language Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with oral language disorders have difficulty in the areas of social behavior and family relationships as well as with academics and vocational achievement. Remediation should focus on specific language deficits, appropriate social interaction skills, and helping the individual to understand and take responsibility for effective…

Goldman, Laura G.

1987-01-01

368

"Ladettes," Social Representations, and Aggression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship among "laddishness" (traditionally working-class, youthful, male social behavior by young women), social representations, and self-reported aggression among English college students. Measures of aggression correlated with holding more instrumental representations of aggression. Females indicated no relationship between…

Muncer, Steven; Campbell, Anne; Jervis, Victoria; Lewis, Rachel

2001-01-01

369

The legitimization of social entrepreneurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to answer how important institutional actors, such as academic researchers, consulting firms, and foundations, are tracing the boundaries of social entrepreneurship (SE) and how they justify SE as a legitimate form of social purpose organization. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper employs a discourse analysis methodology. Findings – The paper finds traces of the legitimacy issues in

Chantal Hervieux; Eric Gedajlovic; Marie-France B. Turcotte

2010-01-01

370

Online social networks and learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This viewpoint essay seeks to argue that young people's online social networking can serve as sites for and supports for student learning in ways not currently assessed. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The two themes presented are based on a select review of the research literature as well as the author's explorations of young people's online social networking practices within MySpace

Christine Greenhow

2011-01-01

371

Providing social work without insurance.  

PubMed

Home care agencies, particularly nonprofit ones, often face financial dilemmas when patients who do not qualify for insurance coverage desperately need social work services. One visiting nurse association found a way to provide social services to these patients through innovative funding sources. PMID:10162622

Sherman, N

1996-12-01

372

Social Factors in Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some principles of learning, examines the relevance of these principles for social factors that influence learning about science, discusses the application of these points to science education, and suggests science policies that reflect an awareness of the influences of these social factors. (Author)

Triandis, Harry C.

1980-01-01

373

Tequila Sunrise and Social Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we present\\/display a narrative exercise about social action and hermeneutic theories that have tried to define or to speak about it. Diverse proposals are taken: from social action considered as a text to the more pragmatic considerations of action. In this story it is put into play, in a gadamerian sense, a fiction that has the virtue

Camilo Aedo Valejos; Yann Bona; Raúl García; Víctor Hernández Ramírez; Marcela Olivera Montero; Héctor Eduardo Robledo Mejía

2005-01-01

374

Tequila Sunrise and Social Action  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo presentamos un ejercicio narrativo acerca de la acción social y las teorías hermenéuticas que han intentado definir o hablar acerca de la misma. Se recogen propuestas diversas: desde las que abogan por considerar a la acción social como un texto hasta las consideraciones más pragmatistas acerca del para qué de la acción. En este relato se pone

Camilo Aedo; Yann Bon; Raúl García; Víctor Hernández; Marcela Oliver; Héctor Robledo

2005-01-01

375

Social Inclusion and Metrolingual Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we explore the implications of metrolingual language practices for how we understand social inclusion. A vision of social inclusion that includes bi- and multilingual capacities may comprise an appreciation of a diversity of languages other than English, and the skills and capabilities of multilingual language users, yet it is all…

Otsuji, Emi; Pennycook, Alastair

2011-01-01

376

Social Class and Infantile Autism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty infantile autistic children (mean age 10.6 years) were compared with 50 seven-year-old Swedish children with regard to social class. The distributions of social class were almost identical in the infantile autism group and in the random group. (Author/SW)

Gillberg, Christopher; Schaumann, Helen

1982-01-01

377

Telehealth: Implications for Social Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of modern information technology to deliver health services to remote locations presents both opportunities and problems for social workers. This article examines how communication technology such as e-mail and video conferencing affect social work practice. Issues are raised about the ethical, legal, and client relationship…

McCarty, Dawn; Clancy, Catherine

2002-01-01

378

Launching Social Studies into Orbit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a social studies educator, Christa McAuliffe was delighted that a "non-science teacher" was chosen to become the first teacher to orbit the earth. Her thoughts concerning the NASA space flight and its meaning for the social studies are discussed. (RM)

Stone, Kirk

1986-01-01

379

Rapid evolution of social learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Culture is widely thought to be beneficial when social learning is less costly than individual learning and thus may explain the enormous ecological success of humans. Rogers (1988. Does biology constrain culture. Am. Anthropol. 90: 819-831) contradicted this common view by showing that the evolution of social learning does not necessarily increase the net benefits of learned behaviours in a

M. FRANZ; C. L. NUNN

2009-01-01

380

Interfaith Leaders as Social Entrepreneurs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social entrepreneurs work to find concrete solutions to large-scale problems that are scalable and sustainable. In this article, the authors explore what the framework of social entrepreneurship might offer those seeking to positively engage religious diversity on college campuses, and highlight two programs that offer examples of what such…

Patel, Eboo; Meyer, Cassie

2012-01-01

381

Social Aspects of Weather Modification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description of the social context and citizen response to three weather modification projects provides an introduction to the discussion of a variety of social and economic issues related to planned weather modification. Various interest groups have markedly different perspectives on weather modification. Most persons subject to the consequences of weather modification have no opportunity to participate in the associated

J. Eugene Haas

1973-01-01

382

Ownership as a Social Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors suggest that ownership may be one of the critical entry points into thinking about social constructions, a kind of laboratory for understanding status. They discuss the features of ownership that make it an interesting case to study developmentally. In particular, ownership is a consequential social fact that is alterable by an…

Kalish, Charles W.; Anderson, Craig D.

2011-01-01

383

Sequence in the Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality sequence in the social studies is of utmost importance. Sequence emphasizes "when" selected concepts should be stressed in ongoing lessons and units of study. The social studies teacher needs to observe pupils carefully in teaching and learning situations to ascertain suitable, ordered experiences for pupils. Pupils face frustration if the…

Ediger, Marlow

2010-01-01

384

Attentional Bias Away from Positive Social Information Mediates the Link between Social Anxiety and Anxiety Vulnerability to a Social Stressor  

PubMed Central

Accumulating evidence suggests that social anxiety is associated with biased processing of positive social information. However, it remains to be determined whether those biases are simply correlates of, or play a role in maintaining social anxiety. The current study examined whether diminished attentional allocation for positive social cues mediates the link between social anxiety and anxiety reactivity to a social-evaluative task. Forty-three undergraduate students ranging in severity of social anxiety symptoms completed a baseline measure of attentional bias for positive social cues (i.e., modified probe detection task) and subsequently delivered an impromptu videotaped speech. Mediation analyses revealed that the tendency to allocate attention away from positive social stimuli mediated the effect of social anxiety on change in state anxiety in response to the stressor. The current findings add to a nascent empirical literature suggesting that aberrant processing of positive social information may contribute to the persistence of excessive social anxiety.

Taylor, Charles T.; Bomyea, Jessica; Amir, Nader

2014-01-01

385

Genetics of human social behavior.  

PubMed

Human beings are an incredibly social species and along with eusocial insects engage in the largest cooperative living groups in the planet's history. Twin and family studies suggest that uniquely human characteristics such as empathy, altruism, sense of equity, love, trust, music, economic behavior, and even politics are partially hardwired. The leap from twin studies to identifying specific genes engaging the social brain has occurred in the past decade, aided by deep insights accumulated about social behavior in lower mammals. Remarkably, genes such as the arginine vasopressin receptor and the oxytocin receptor contribute to social behavior in a broad range of species from voles to man. Other polymorphic genes constituting the "usual suspects"--i.e., those encoding for dopamine reward pathways, serotonergic emotional regulation, or sex hormones--further enable elaborate social behaviors. PMID:20346758

Ebstein, Richard P; Israel, Salomon; Chew, Soo Hong; Zhong, Songfa; Knafo, Ariel

2010-03-25

386

Expressed emotion and social function.  

PubMed

We examined whether expressed emotion (EE) influenced the social functioning of schizophrenia. Twenty-nine subjects meeting the diagnostic criteria of ICD-9 or DSM-III-R participated in the study. The Camberwell Family Interview was conducted to evaluate EE, and subjects were divided into high EE and low EE groups. The subjects had been followed up for 9 months and their social functioning was compared between the two groups as assessed with the Katz Adjustment Scales. In the high EE group, levels of both performance of socially-expected activities and free-time activities slightly declined at follow-up. In contrast, those in the low EE group improved and the score increase in the level of performance of socially-expected activities was significant (P < 0.05). We confirmed the relationship of families' EE status with social functioning in schizophrenia. PMID:9355817

Inoue, S; Tanaka, S; Shimodera, S; Mino, Y

1997-08-29

387

The dynamics of social innovation.  

PubMed

Social norms and institutions are mechanisms that facilitate coordination between individuals. A social innovation is a novel mechanism that increases the welfare of the individuals who adopt it compared with the status quo. We model the dynamics of social innovation as a coordination game played on a network. Individuals experiment with a novel strategy that would increase their payoffs provided that it is also adopted by their neighbors. The rate at which a social innovation spreads depends on three factors: the topology of the network and in particular the extent to which agents interact in small local clusters, the payoff gain of the innovation relative to the status quo, and the amount of noise in the best response process. The analysis shows that local clustering greatly enhances the speed with which social innovations spread. It also suggests that the welfare gains from innovation are more likely to occur in large jumps than in a series of small incremental improvements. PMID:22198762

Young, H Peyton

2011-12-27

388

The dynamics of social innovation  

PubMed Central

Social norms and institutions are mechanisms that facilitate coordination between individuals. A social innovation is a novel mechanism that increases the welfare of the individuals who adopt it compared with the status quo. We model the dynamics of social innovation as a coordination game played on a network. Individuals experiment with a novel strategy that would increase their payoffs provided that it is also adopted by their neighbors. The rate at which a social innovation spreads depends on three factors: the topology of the network and in particular the extent to which agents interact in small local clusters, the payoff gain of the innovation relative to the status quo, and the amount of noise in the best response process. The analysis shows that local clustering greatly enhances the speed with which social innovations spread. It also suggests that the welfare gains from innovation are more likely to occur in large jumps than in a series of small incremental improvements.

Young, H. Peyton

2011-01-01

389

Gaze perception in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder  

PubMed Central

Clinical observations suggest abnormal gaze perception to be an important indicator of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Experimental research has yet paid relatively little attention to the study of gaze perception in SAD. In this article we first discuss gaze perception in healthy human beings before reviewing self-referential and threat-related biases of gaze perception in clinical and non-clinical socially anxious samples. Relative to controls, socially anxious individuals exhibit an enhanced self-directed perception of gaze directions and demonstrate a pronounced fear of direct eye contact, though findings are less consistent regarding the avoidance of mutual gaze in SAD. Prospects for future research and clinical implications are discussed.

Schulze, Lars; Renneberg, Babette; Lobmaier, Janek S.

2013-01-01

390

Choosing a Database for Social Work: A Comparison of Social Work Abstracts and Social Service Abstracts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared Social Work Abstracts and Social Services Abstracts databases in terms of indexing, journal coverage, and searches. The authors interviewed editors, analyzed journal coverage, and compared searches. It was determined that the databases complement one another more than compete. The authors conclude with some considerations.

Flatley, Robert K.; Lilla, Rick; Widner, Jack

2007-01-01

391

Social and Behavioral Challenges of HIV Vaccines: Implications for Social Work and Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A safe and efficacious HIV vaccine would be a tremendous asset to halting the spread of HIV. Nevertheless, HIV vaccines face a range of social and behavioral challenges that will determine their ultimate contribution to prevention. HIV vaccine development and clinical trials raise thorny social, behavioral, and ethical issues around resource allocation, recruitment and enrollment, trial implementation, and post-trial follow-up

Peter A. Newman

2009-01-01

392

Extending the Ally Model of Social Justice to Social Work Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work students, regardless of their multiple social identities in oppressed and oppressor groups, are called upon to take action against social injustice. This conceptual article introduces the Ally Model of social justice and its alignment with social work values and goals and recommends it to social work educators as a pedagogical tool to…

Gibson, Priscilla Ann

2014-01-01

393

Social skills deficits among the socially anxious: Rejection from others and loneliness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on evidence linking social anxiety with social skills deficits, it was hypothesized that socially anxious individuals would exhibit diminished social skills in a naturalistic interaction, relative to socially nonanxious persons, and that they would also elicit rejection from their conversational partners and experience loneliness. Socially anxious and nonanxious persons were surreptitiously videotaped while they waited with partners for an

Chris Segrin; Terry Kinney

1995-01-01

394

Promoting Social Development: Building a Professional Social Work Association in Namibia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Namibia's government has established a social welfare system with a social development emphasis, social workers have not yet fully embraced this approach and have had few opportunities for professional cohesion. The purpose of this study is to examine the role of the National Association of Social Workers in promoting social development and cohesion among social workers in Namibia. Based

Janetta Ananias; Elizabeth Lightfoot

2012-01-01

395

A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND SOCIAL INNOVATION CLUSTER: A PRELIMINARY STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposes a conceptual framework for understanding Social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation Cluster. First, it presents a structural analysis of the emerging processes of social entrepreneurship in Japan, and then shows how social enterprises establish organizational strategies and promote social innovation. In analyzing the emergence of social entrepreneurship, we have reviewed its relationship with the community, government, civil society

KANJI TANIMOTO

2008-01-01

396

Social environment and depression among pregnant women in urban areas of Pakistan: Importance of social relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aspects of the social environment, including social conditions (socio-economic status, household situations, chronic illnesses) and social relations (attitude and behaviors of relations) are major determinants of depression among women. This study evaluates the relative power of social relations and social conditions in predicting depression among pregnant women in Pakistan. In the qualitative phase of the study, social environmental determinants were

Ambreen Kazi; Zafar Fatmi; Juanita Hatcher; Muhammad Masood Kadir; Unaiza Niaz; Gail A. Wasserman

2006-01-01

397

Crisis Legislation: Congress and Social Security Financing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political and national social ramifications surrounding the recommendations of the National Commission on Social Security Reform and imminent legislation by the U.S. Congress to ensure current and future financial soundness of the Social Security System are detailed. (MC)

Plunkett, Glenn M.

1983-01-01

398

Test Anxiety, Stress, and Social Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three experiments were carried out dealing with the relationships among test anxiety, stress, and social support. In the first experiment, social support was defined in terms of the opportunity for social association with peers. In the second, it was defi...

I. G. Sarason

1981-01-01

399

Modeling and Analysis of Social Networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation develops new methods for the modeling and analysis of social networks. Social networks describe the complex relationships of individuals and groups in multiple overlapping contexts. Influence in a social network impacts behavior and deci...

R. S. Renfro

2001-01-01

400

Can Social Networks Assist Analysts Fight Terrorism.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

My primary research question is: can social networks assist analysts fight terrorism. My secondary research questions are as follows. First, how does social networking create linkages. Second, how have social networks been used to solve small problems. Th...

M. V. Ciaramella

2011-01-01

401

Behavioral treatment of childhood social phobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-seven children (ages 8 and 12) with social phobia were randomized to either a behavioral treatment program designed to enhance social skills and decrease social anxiety (Social Effectiveness Therapy for Children, SET-C) or an active, but nonspecific intervention (Testbusters). Children treated with SET-C were significantly more improved across multiple dimensions, including enhanced social skill, reduced social fear and anxiety, decreased

Deborah C. Beidel; Samuel M. Turner; Tracy L. Morris

2000-01-01

402

Entropy of dynamical social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dynamical social networks are evolving rapidly and are highly adaptive. Characterizing the information encoded in social networks is essential to gain insight into the structure, evolution, adaptability and dynamics. Recently entropy measures have been used to quantify the information in email correspondence, static networks and mobility patterns. Nevertheless, we still lack methods to quantify the information encoded in time-varying dynamical social networks. In this talk we present a model to quantify the entropy of dynamical social networks and use this model to analyze the data of phone-call communication. We show evidence that the entropy of the phone-call interaction network changes according to circadian rhythms. Moreover we show that social networks are extremely adaptive and are modified by the use of technologies such as mobile phone communication. Indeed the statistics of duration of phone-call is described by a Weibull distribution and is significantly different from the distribution of duration of face-to-face interactions in a conference. Finally we investigate how much the entropy of dynamical social networks changes in realistic models of phone-call or face-to face interactions characterizing in this way different type human social behavior.

Zhao, Kun; Karsai, Marton; Bianconi, Ginestra

2012-02-01

403

Applications of Social Network Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A social network [2] is a description of the social structure between actors, mostly persons, groups or organizations. It indicates the ways in which they are connected with each other by some relationship such as friendship, kinship, finance exchange etc. In a nutshell, when the person uses already known/unknown people to create new contacts, it forms social networking. The social network is not a new concept rather it can be formed when similar people interact with each other directly or indirectly to perform particular task. Examples of social networks include a friendship networks, collaboration networks, co-authorship networks, and co-employees networks which depict the direct interaction among the people. There are also other forms of social networks, such as entertainment networks, business Networks, citation networks, and hyperlink networks, in which interaction among the people is indirect. Generally, social networks operate on many levels, from families up to the level of nations and assists in improving interactive knowledge sharing, interoperability and collaboration.

Thilagam, P. Santhi

404

Programming the social computer.  

PubMed

The aim of 'programming the global computer' was identified by Milner and others as one of the grand challenges of computing research. At the time this phrase was coined, it was natural to assume that this objective might be achieved primarily through extending programming and specification languages. The Internet, however, has brought with it a different style of computation that (although harnessing variants of traditional programming languages) operates in a style different to those with which we are familiar. The 'computer' on which we are running these computations is a social computer in the sense that many of the elementary functions of the computations it runs are performed by humans, and successful execution of a program often depends on properties of the human society over which the program operates. These sorts of programs are not programmed in a traditional way and may have to be understood in a way that is different from the traditional view of programming. This shift in perspective raises new challenges for the science of the Web and for computing in general. PMID:23419848

Robertson, David; Giunchiglia, Fausto

2013-03-28

405

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

2005-11-02

406

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until "the next revision to the web site this winter."

407

[Psychoanalysis and social anthropology].  

PubMed

In this article we explore some subjects originated in the work of psychoanalysts and social anthropologists that generated an interesting discussion about the transmission of cultural trends along generations, as well as psychological family features from one generation to the other: we refer to the Oedipus complex model, as it was introduced by S. Freud, and to Malinowski's work on children's sexuality and incest. This text examines the emergency of fieldwork methodology (ethnography), that is, living in the place in which the research is conducted, sharing native languages and listening to the meanings attributed by the people to aspects of their lives. We also show another perspective, in which the researchers share place, language and customs but study for their own sake in order to justify a theoretical concept: resilience. This is one of the results of the transdisciplinary works -carried out by the UBA anthropology and education teams- to which we refer, together with the discussion about the category "educability" and some issues related to the diagnosis of Attention Deficit Disorders and Hyperactivity. This article proposes a critical approach on the ontological premises of racionalism, idealism and empiricism that preceded the researches mentioned. Finally it presents a perspective in which the imaginary institution of society and the emergency of psychism in singular subjects merge. PMID:23269971

Thisted, Jens A

2012-01-01

408

[Social marketing and public health].  

PubMed

Social marketing uses the principles and techniques of commercial marketing by applying them to the complex social context in order to promote changes (cognitive; of action; behavioral; of values) among the target population in the public interest. The advent of Internet has radically modified the communication process, and this transformation also involved medical-scientific communication. Medical journals, health organizations, scientific societies and patient groups are increasing the use of the web and of many social networks (Twitter, Facebook, Google, YouTube) as channels to release scientific information to doctors and patients quickly. In recent years, even Healthcare in Italy reported a considerable application of the methods and techniques of social marketing, above all for health prevention and promotion. Recently the association for health promotion "Social marketing and health communication" has been established to promote an active dialogue between professionals of social marketing and public health communication, as well as among professionals in the field of communication of the companies involved in the "health sector". In the field of prevention and health promotion it is necessary to underline the theme of the growing distrust in vaccination practices. Despite the irrefutable evidence of the efficacy and safety of vaccines, the social-cultural transformation together with the overcoming of compulsory vaccination and the use of noninstitutional information sources, have generated confusion among citizens that tend to perceive compulsory vaccinations as needed and safe, whereas recommended vaccinations as less important. Moreover, citizens scarcely perceive the risk of disease related to the effectiveness of vaccines. Implementing communication strategies, argumentative and persuasive, borrowed from social marketing, also for the promotion of vaccines is a priority of the health system. A typical example of the application of social marketing, as mentioned in the manuscript, is the campaign to promote the proper practice of HPV vaccination through the use of effective and cost-saving communication strategies. PMID:23598808

Arcaro, P; Mannocci, A; Saulle, R; Miccoli, S; Marzuillo, C; La Torre, G

2013-01-01

409

Enabling Community Through Social Media  

PubMed Central

Background Social network analysis provides a perspective and method for inquiring into the structures that comprise online groups and communities. Traces from interaction via social media provide the opportunity for understanding how a community is formed and maintained online. Objective The paper aims to demonstrate how social network analysis provides a vocabulary and set of techniques for examining interaction patterns via social media. Using the case of the #hcsmca online discussion forum, this paper highlights what has been and can be gained by approaching online community from a social network perspective, as well as providing an inside look at the structure of the #hcsmca community. Methods Social network analysis was used to examine structures in a 1-month sample of Twitter messages with the hashtag #hcsmca (3871 tweets, 486 unique posters), which is the tag associated with the social media–supported group Health Care Social Media Canada. Network connections were considered present if the individual was mentioned, replied to, or had a post retweeted. Results Network analyses revealed patterns of interaction that characterized the community as comprising one component, with a set of core participants prominent in the network due to their connections with others. Analysis showed the social media health content providers were the most influential group based on in-degree centrality. However, there was no preferential attachment among people in the same professional group, indicating that the formation of connections among community members was not constrained by professional status. Conclusions Network analysis and visualizations provide techniques and a vocabulary for understanding online interaction, as well as insights that can help in understanding what, and who, comprises and sustains a network, and whether community emerges from a network of online interactions.

Haythornthwaite, Caroline

2013-01-01

410

Behavioural plasticity of social trematodes depends upon social context.  

PubMed

Members of some social insects adjust their behaviours depending upon social context. Such plasticity allows colonies to sustain efficiency of the whole without the cost of additional production of individuals or delayed responses to perturbations. Using the recently discovered social clonal stage of trematode parasites, we investigated whether members of the reproductive caste adjust their defensive behaviour according to the local availability of non-reproductive defensive specialists, and if so whether the plasticity affects the short-term reproductive success of reproductive morphs. In vitro experiments demonstrated plasticity in competitive interactions of the reproductive morphs depending on the number of non-reproductive defensive specialists present nearby, which lead to differences in reproductive output at the individual level. This study provides support for the benefit of maintaining non-reproductive morphs in competitive situations, arising through socially mediated behavioural plasticity. PMID:23234865

Kamiya, T; Poulin, R

2013-02-23

411

Behavioural plasticity of social trematodes depends upon social context  

PubMed Central

Members of some social insects adjust their behaviours depending upon social context. Such plasticity allows colonies to sustain efficiency of the whole without the cost of additional production of individuals or delayed responses to perturbations. Using the recently discovered social clonal stage of trematode parasites, we investigated whether members of the reproductive caste adjust their defensive behaviour according to the local availability of non-reproductive defensive specialists, and if so whether the plasticity affects the short-term reproductive success of reproductive morphs. In vitro experiments demonstrated plasticity in competitive interactions of the reproductive morphs depending on the number of non-reproductive defensive specialists present nearby, which lead to differences in reproductive output at the individual level. This study provides support for the benefit of maintaining non-reproductive morphs in competitive situations, arising through socially mediated behavioural plasticity.

Kamiya, T.; Poulin, R.

2013-01-01

412

Social phobia and selective mutism.  

PubMed

Social phobia (SOP) and selective mutism (SM) are related anxiety disorders characterized by distress and dysfunction in social situations. SOP typically onsets in adolescence and affects about 8% of the general population, whereas SM onsets before age 5 and is prevalent in up to 2% of youth. Prognosis includes a chronic course that confers risk for other disorders or ongoing social disability, but more favorable outcomes may be associated with young age and low symptom severity. SOP treatments are relatively more established, whereas dissemination of promising and innovative SM-treatment strategies is needed. PMID:22800998

Keeton, Courtney P; Crosby Budinger, Meghan

2012-07-01

413

Social Class: The Forgotten Identity Marker in Social Studies Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter asks why it is that so many students enter high school without any class consciousness and graduate without any\\u000a either. Yet, whether one defines social class in terms of social status or in more strictly Marxian terms, there can be no\\u000a denying its existence in Canadian and American societies. Much of this chapter is based on the analysis

Paul Orlowski

414

Social Anxiety and Social Constraint: When Making Friends is Hard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provides an analysis of social anxiety set within a longitudinal study of students in life-transition from high school to college. The typical first-year student expected social life tasks (e.g., making friends) to be rewarding and easy to accomplish, whereas a minority of students approached these tasks with anxiety. Second-year interviews served as the basis of observer–judges’ Q-sort assessments of the

Christopher A. Langston; Nancy Cantor

1989-01-01

415

Social traditions and social learning in capuchin monkeys (Cebus)  

PubMed Central

Capuchin monkeys (genus Cebus) have evolutionarily converged with humans and chimpanzees in a number of ways, including large brain size, omnivory and extractive foraging, extensive cooperation and coalitionary behaviour and a reliance on social learning. Recent research has documented a richer repertoire of group-specific social conventions in the coalition-prone Cebus capucinus than in any other non-human primate species; these social rituals appear designed to test the strength of social bonds. Such diverse social conventions have not yet been noted in Cebus apella, despite extensive observation at multiple sites. The more robust and widely distributed C. apella is notable for the diversity of its tool-use repertoire, particularly in marginal habitats. Although C. capucinus does not often use tools, white-faced capuchins do specialize in foods requiring multi-step processing, and there are often multiple techniques used by different individuals within the same social group. Immatures preferentially observe foragers who are eating rare foods and hard-to-process foods. Young foragers, especially females, tend to adopt the same foraging techniques as their close associates.

Perry, Susan

2011-01-01

416

Responding to social needs  

SciTech Connect

The late 1960's and early 1970's were times of social change in the country, which had a big impact on ORNL also. Nuclear science programs were being downsized by congress, but at the same time there was an increasing concern for issues related to the earth as a whole, and what man's impact was doing to it. This extended into environmental concerns about the energy choices and sources being exploited, safety concerns about the growing nuclear power industry, societal concerns and fears about the handling and disposal of radioactive wastes, etc. The laboratory saw the deployment of the High Flux Isotope Reactor, and the Health Physics Research Reactor, as its last two reactor projects. They contributed to basic nuclear science, isotope production, irradiation studies, and health physics studies. The molten salt program finally fell to the successes of the fast breeder program. Accelerator projects included ORIC and ORELA, and eventually led to the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility. Fusion research expanded with the construction of ORMAK and ELMO Bumpy Torus, and took advantage of increased funding of broader energy sciences, and competition with the Russians. Environmental concerns continued to grow, driven in part by concerns about the deployment of power reactors. The laboratory with its HSST program took an active role in the study of materials problems of concern to reactor design and safety. With the energy concerns in the country in the early 1970's the laboratory looked at energy technologies in a much broader perspective, and this has positioned the laboratory well for the present Conservation and Renewable Energy program, which in 1993 is the labs largest energy program.

Not Available

1992-01-01

417

Social media in vascular surgery.  

PubMed

There has been a tremendous growth in the use of social media to expand the visibility of various specialties in medicine. The purpose of this paper is to describe the latest updates on some current applications of social media in the practice of vascular surgery as well as existing limitations of use. This investigation demonstrates that the use of social networking sites appears to have a positive impact on vascular practice, as is evident through the incorporation of this technology at the Cleveland Clinic and by the Society for Vascular Surgery into their approach to patient care and physician communication. Overall, integration of social networking technology has current and future potential to be used to promote goals, patient awareness, recruitment for clinical trials, and professionalism within the specialty of vascular surgery. PMID:23321344

Indes, Jeffrey E; Gates, Lindsay; Mitchell, Erica L; Muhs, Bart E

2013-04-01

418

Applied Research and Social Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applied research, as compared to basic nonapplied research, offers the potential for the development of unique insights into the nature of social theory. Cultural deprivation theorizing is used to illustrate the interplay between research and theory. (Author/CTM)

Hawkins, Darnell F.

1978-01-01

419

Social learning of migratory performance.  

PubMed

Successful bird migration can depend on individual learning, social learning, and innate navigation programs. Using 8 years of data on migrating whooping cranes, we were able to partition genetic and socially learned aspects of migration. Specifically, we analyzed data from a reintroduced population wherein all birds were captive bred and artificially trained by ultralight aircraft on their first lifetime migration. For subsequent migrations, in which birds fly individually or in groups but without ultralight escort, we found evidence of long-term social learning, but no effect of genetic relatedness on migratory performance. Social learning from older birds reduced deviations from a straight-line path, with 7 years of experience yielding a 38% improvement in migratory accuracy. PMID:23990559

Mueller, Thomas; O'Hara, Robert B; Converse, Sarah J; Urbanek, Richard P; Fagan, William F

2013-08-30

420

Social Studies: Texts and Supplements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of selected social studies texts, series, and supplements, mainly for the secondary level, includes a special section examining eight titles on warfare and terrorism for grades 4-12. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

421

Social Ferment and School Finance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the nature of contemporary society in terms of gross or general changes observed during the past twenty years in order to consider possible breakthroughs of school finance as products of social ferment. (Author/AN)

Hack, Walter G.

1972-01-01

422

Social bonding: regulation by neuropeptides  

PubMed Central

Affiliative social relationships (e.g., among spouses, family members, and friends) play an essential role in human society. These relationships affect psychological, physiological, and behavioral functions. As positive and enduring bonds are critical for the overall well-being of humans, it is not surprising that considerable effort has been made to study the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie social bonding behaviors. The present review details the involvement of the nonapeptides, oxytocin (OT), and arginine vasopressin (AVP), in the regulation of social bonding in mammals including humans. In particular, we will discuss the role of OT and AVP in the formation of social bonds between partners of a mating pair as well as between parents and their offspring. Furthermore, the role of OT and AVP in the formation of interpersonal bonding involving trust is also discussed.

Lieberwirth, Claudia; Wang, Zuoxin

2014-01-01

423

Social Stimuli and Provisional Reinforcement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The behaviorist approach to psychology is examined in terms of its underlying theoretical and experimental factors. Topics discussed include the Law of Effect, the principle of reinforcement, social motivation, and generalized and unconditioned reinforcem...

T. Verhave A. J. Bachrach

1964-01-01

424

Authentication for social networking messages  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A tool for verifying that a message received by a social networking service was sent by a bona fide owner of a social networking account who purportedly sent the message. The tool receives a message and it locates in the message a string that was entered into a message text field of the message. The string is compared with a registered authentication string for the bona fide owner of the account. If the string in the message matches the registered authentication string, the string is removed from the message and the message is forwarded to the social networking service. If the string in the message does not match the registered authentication string, the message is blocked from being forwarded to the social networking service.

2014-04-29

425

Social Media: Menagerie of Metrics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Menagerie of Metrics * Vast variation in data types for social media measurement (metadata) * Structured/Unstructured Data (hard and soft) * Traffic Analysis (mega-metadata) * Community engagement 'rules' can be ambiguous; but this opens up opportunity fo...

L. M. Grega

2010-01-01

426

The Social Science Research Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Science Research Network is a rapidly growing Web site containing full text scholarly working papers and forthcoming papers in the fields of accounting, economics, Latin American studies, and legal research. This column describes and analyzes the site.

John R. Clark

2002-01-01

427

Increasing Productivity through Social Structure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Social loafing is the tendency for participants who share responsibilility for carrying out a task to exert less effort than when they alone are responsible for carrying out the same task. It has obvious and important implications for motivation, learning...

B. Latane

1985-01-01

428

Military Engagement with Social Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military has a tremendous opportunity to strategically communicate with its members, allies, and even its enemies through a simple concept called 'social media.' There has never been a better opportunity for an organization to instantly communicate wi...

J. H. Lehman

2011-01-01

429

Individual and Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society's demands for individual and corporate social responsibility as an alternative response to market and distributive failures are becoming increasingly prominent. We first draw on recent developments in the \\

Roland Benabou; Jean Tirole

2009-01-01

430

Social Aspects of Environmental Impact.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The concept of environmental impact ought to be expanded to include concerns for the social ramifications of any project under consideration. Questions should be asked such as: Will the project adversely affect the life styles of the residents nearby. Wil...

P. K. Johnson

1972-01-01

431

The Organization of Social Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper is concerned with the manner in which people cognitively organize person information when they encounter several facts about each of several persons. The traditional assumption made in social psychology that information is always organized acco...

T. M. Ostrom J. B. Pryor D. D. Simpson

1979-01-01

432

National Centre for Social Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Social Research is widely considered to be Britain's premier research group specializing in social surveys and qualitative research for the development and evaluation of public policy. Much of the centre's work is done on the behalf of various public organizations, such as research councils, charitable trusts, and foundations. At the homepage, visitors can read about the centre's various research units (such as the Survey Methods Centre), its respective methodologies and approaches, and recent work that has been conducted. One strong highlight of the site is the inclusion of a number of reports, organized thematically into such areas as leisure, housing, political attitudes, social security, and health. The papers truly run the gamut of social science research, including works titled Attitudes Towards Discrimination in Scotland, Low-Income Families and Household Spending, and Methodological Review of the Survey of English Housing (2003).

2007-03-21

433

Social Interaction in Learning Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original publication is available from www.springerlink.com.\\u000aSloep, P. (2009). Social Interaction in Learning Networks. In R. Koper (Ed.), Learning Network Services for Professional Development (pp 13-15). Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag.

Peter Sloep

2009-01-01

434

Documentation in Social Science Experiments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper reviews the information accrual processes in social science experiments. Stress is placed on the need for systematic, organized, and well documented accrual processes. These processes are illustrated by a hypothetical experiment that comprises ...

M. M. Rogson

1976-01-01

435

The Occupational Socialization of Policemen.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the occupational socialization of policemen, ie., the impact of their work experiences on their orientations. Characteristics, attitudes, and behaviors which are typical of policemen have us...

I. Hadar

1976-01-01

436

Social identity framing: Leader communication for social change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social identity framing (SIF) delineates a process of intergroup communication that leaders may engage in to promote a vision of social change. As a step towards social change, social identity may need to be altered to accommodate a new view of the group, its collective goals, and its place alongside other groups. Thus, social identity content may be deconstructed and reconstructed by the leader en route to change. SIF suggests that this may be achieved through a series of 16 communication tactics, which are largely derived from previous research (Seyranian & Bligh, 2008). This research used an experimental design to test the effectiveness of three SIF communication tactics - inclusion, similarity to followers, and positive social identity - on a number of follower outcomes. Students ( N=246) were randomly assigned to read one of eight possible speeches promoting renewable energy on campus that was ostensibly from a student leader. The speeches were varied to include or exclude the three communication tactics. Following the speech, participants completed a dependent measures questionnaire. Results indicated that similarity to followers and positive social identity did not affect follower outcomes. However, students exposed to inclusion were more likely to indicate that renewable energy was ingroup normative; intend to engage in collective action to bring renewable energy to campus; experience positive emotional reactions towards change; feel more confident about the possibility of change; and to view the leader more positively. The combination of inclusion and positive social identity increased perceptions of charismatic leadership. Perceived leader prototypicality and cognitive elaboration of the leader's message resulted in more favorable attitudes towards renewable energy. Perceived leader prototypicality was also directly related to social identification, environmental values, ingroup injunctive norms, and self-stereotypes. Overall, these results support SIF theory by providing evidence that communication that implicates social identity (i.e., inclusion) is an important aspect of the leader-follower influence process and that it can be used to bring about changes such as promoting environmental conservation policies. Avenues of future research on SIF are discussed.

Seyranian, Viviane

437

Crouzon syndrome: a social stigma.  

PubMed

Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused due to genetic mutations. It is characterised by partial hearing loss, dry eyes, strabismus and underdevelopment of the upper jaw with facial deformities and malocclusion. These facial deformities greatly affect the social and emotional development of the affected child. The present case report highlights the social problems faced by a child suffering with Crouzon syndrome. PMID:23060386

Pandey, Neelisha; Pandey, Ramesh Kumar; Singh, Rajeev Kumar; Shah, Naveen Kumar

2012-01-01

438

Social Laws in Alternating Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Since it was first proposed by Moses, Shoham, and Tennenholtz, the social laws paradigm has proved to be one of the most compelling approaches to the offline coordination of multiagent systems. In this\\u000a paper, we make three key contributions to the theory and practice of social laws in multiagent systems. First, we show that\\u000a the Alternating-time Temporal Logic of Alur,

Michael Wooldridge

2004-01-01

439

Social insects inspire human design.  

PubMed

The international conference 'Social Biomimicry: Insect Societies and Human Design', hosted by Arizona State University, USA, 18-20 February 2010, explored how the collective behaviour and nest architecture of social insects can inspire innovative and effective solutions to human design challenges. It brought together biologists, designers, engineers, computer scientists, architects and businesspeople, with the dual aims of enriching biology and advancing biomimetic design. PMID:20392721

Holbrook, C Tate; Clark, Rebecca M; Moore, Dani; Overson, Rick P; Penick, Clint A; Smith, Adrian A

2010-08-23

440

Expressed emotion and social function  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined whether expressed emotion (EE) influenced the social functioning of schizophrenia. Twenty-nine subjects meeting the diagnostic criteria of ICD-9 or DSM-III-R participated in the study. The Camberwell Family Interview was conducted to evaluate EE, and subjects were divided into high EE and low EE groups. The subjects had been followed up for 9 months and their social functioning was

Shimpei Inoue; Shuichi Tanaka; Shinji Shimodera; Yoshio Mino

1997-01-01

441

The social order of markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I develop a proposal for the theoretical vantage point of the sociology of markets, focusing on the problem\\u000a of the social order of markets. The initial premise is that markets are highly demanding arenas of social interaction, which\\u000a can only operate if three inevitable coordination problems are resolved. I define these coordination problems as the value problem,

Jens Beckert

2009-01-01

442

Children's Understanding of Social Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Second-, fourth-, and seventh-grade children evaluated story characters who were either highly or less motivated to impress an audience and had either high or low expectations of being able to accomplish their self-presentational goals. As predicted according to a self-presentation model of social anxiety, both factors were related to judgments of the character's social anxiety, especially for the older children.

Bruce W. Darby; Barry R. Schlenker

1986-01-01

443

Sex Differences in Socialization Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-cultural ethnographic data on 106 pre-industrial and industrializing societies were used to test seven hypotheses about sex-linked differences in modal levels of socialization anxiety observed among children. Five of these hypotheses were supported, demonstrating that boys displayed significantly higher overall levels of socialization anxiety than girls; girls exhibited significantly lower levels of anxiety related to achievement, independence, and self-reliance training

Michael R. Welch; Barbara Miller Page

1979-01-01

444

The social unit of chimpanzees  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been said that there is no stable and permanent social unit in a society of chimpanzees. From observations at Filabanga in Western Tanzania and some other observed cases, we concluded that a large-sized group consisting of 30–50 animals is a social unit common to chimpanzees, and pointed out that chimpanzees freely repeat grouping and dispersion within a large-sized

Junichiro Itani; Akira Suzuki

1967-01-01

445

Mobilizing Partnerships for Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

ow do we combine the knowledge and wisdom in communities and in academic institutions to solve the major health, social and economic challenges facing our society? How do we ensure that community-driven social change is central to service-learning and community-based participatory research (CBPR)? Answering these critical questions was the central purpose of the Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH) 10th anniversary

Sarena D. Seifer; Annika Sgambelluri

2008-01-01

446

[Social cognition in opiate addicts].  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION. Research on the emotional and social disorders associated with drug addiction has been very limited. AIM. To assess different components of social cognition: perception of emotional expressions, emotional-social intelligence, and empathy, in a sample of opiate addicts in a methadone maintenance program (MMP). SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Eighteen opiate addicts MMP and eighteen healthy controls participated. The test of emotional facial expression recognition, the TMMS-24, the EQ-i Bar-On, and Greene moral dilemmas were applied to each subject. RESULTS. The utilitarian response rate in impersonal moral dilemmas was significantly higher in the group of opiate dependents than in the control group. In the general and factorial social-emotional intelligence, opiate dependent group had significantly lower scores than the control group. However, they had worse facial expression recognition, nor worse scores on all three dimensions of emotional intelligence as measured by the TMMS-24. CONCLUSIONS. The opiate addicts not show a generalized deficit of social cognition, however obtain lower emotional-social intelligence quotient, and differ in empathy measured by moral judgments. PMID:23233137

Martin-Contero, M C; Secades-Villa, R; Tirapu-Ustarroz, J

2012-12-16

447

Social Security Online History Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The creation of the Social Security program during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt is widely understood to be one of the most important pieces of social welfare legislation in United States history. Drawing on their vast repositories of oral histories, audio recordings, and primary documents, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has established this Web site that will be of great help and assistance to researchers looking for a holistic appraisal of the Administration's historical development and contributions to the welfare of the American public. Visitors will want to check out the detailed explanation of how Social Security numbers are assigned (and who received the first number back in 1936). One fascinating feature is the sound and video clip section, which features radio debates on the merits of the Social Security program taped during 1935 and Lyndon B. Johnson's remarks on the passage of the Medicare bill in 1965. The Web site also includes transcriptions of oral histories done with administrators of the SSA over the past 65 years. All in all, this site serves as a well-thought out archive that deals with the transformation of the federal government's role in increasing its influence in the arena of social welfare.

448

Social networks of women caregivers.  

PubMed

Social networks and the support that network members provide are important resources for family caregivers in sustaining their caregiving role. Caregivers' perceptions of support from family and friends have been linked to their health status (R. Kahn & T. Antonucci, 1980; I. Sandler & M. Barrera, 1984). The purpose of this study was to explore the social networks and types of perceived support described by women who are caregivers of cognitively impaired older adults. Content analysis was used to examine interview data from a longitudinal qualitative study of 20 women caregivers of cognitively impaired older persons. An important finding of this study was the identification of a typology of social networks of the women caregivers. The caregivers' perceptions of satisfaction with support received and experience of conflict with network members varied according to the characteristics of their social network. Those caregivers who belonged to diverse social networks reported high satisfaction with the support that they received and little or no conflict. Those caregivers with kin-dominated social networks reported little satisfaction with support received and a high degree of conflict. PMID:9078846

Fudge, H; Neufeld, A; Harrison, M J

1997-02-01

449

Social Context, Social Behavior, and Socialization: Investigating the Child's Developing Organization of the Behavioral Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives an overview of the 10 research articles in this issue. Notes that all studies in this issue examine child behavior from a perspective that views behavior as mediated by social context, challenging the logical positivism of conventional experimentation. (MM)

Costanzo, Philip R.; Siegel, Alexander W.

1993-01-01

450

Collective privacy management in social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Networking is one of the major technological phe- nomena of the Web 2.0, with hundreds of millions of people participating. Social networks enable a form of self expres- sion for users, and help them to socialize and share content with other users. In spite of the fact that content sharing represents one of the prominent features of existing Social

Anna Cinzia Squicciarini; Mohamed Shehab; Federica Paci

2009-01-01

451

Sex, Sex Differences, and Social Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sex differences in social behavior are center stage in recent formu- lations of evolutionary psychology. Evolutionary psychology, with its emphasis on the long-term consequences of early adaptations, offers itself as an alterna- tive meta-theory to mainstream social psychology, which emphasizes the impor- tance of social structures in determining the existence and extent of social and cognitive sex differences. Using a

VITA CARULLI

452

Role of Social Support in Bereavement Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined four propositions by which social support may impact the physical and mental well-being of the bereaved: (1) social support has a direct effect on health; (2) social support reduces stress which, in turn, affects health; (3) social support stimulates the development of coping strategies and promotes mastery, thereby affecting…

O'Brien, Ruth A.

453

Evolutionary social psychology: Prospects and pitfalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of evolutionary psychology and the traditional assumptions of social psychology are highly compatible. Both disciplines trace observed behavioral variability to situational variability. Both assume that psychological mechanisms sensitive to social information are central to causal accounts of social behavior. Questions about the origins and functions of these psychological mechanisms are indispensable for understanding social behavior. Evolutionary psychology provides

David M. Buss

1990-01-01

454

The Social Structure of American Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social stratification in agriculture is a complicated process without a theoretical paradigm. Research to date has typically focused on the stratification of farms rather than the social stratification of farmers. Therefore, identifying social classes in agriculture based on a typology of farms clearly misses the social relations segment of…

Dellenbarger, Ann Z.

455

Social Justice: An Historical and Philosophical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social justice in education concerns three questions: whom do we teach, what do we teach, and how do we teach? In this article the author briefly discusses social justice and its related concepts, its historical underpinnings, the social climate that brought about social change, and its effect on teaching physical activity. She also gives personal…

Stoll, Sharon Kay

2011-01-01

456

Social Work in the Engaged University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article identifies the importance of educating social work students and enlisting social work faculty to embrace the university-community engagement arena as a critical subfield of community practice. Through the lens of social work knowledge, values, and skills, the authors present three case studies of social workers who are working in the…

Martin, Elisa M.; Pyles, Loretta

2013-01-01

457

Comments on "Reinventing Social Work Accreditation"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is unlikely that Stoesz and Karger will be widely commended for the critique of social work accreditation. Social work academics do not usually handle criticism with equanimity. In some respects, their case is overstated. The problems associated with social work accreditation are not caused by the low publication productivity of social work…

Midgley, James

2009-01-01

458

Social Skills in Children with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has documented that children with learning disabilities exhibit deficits in social skills. This paper reviews the existing literature on factors that may contribute to the social skills deficits of children with learning disabilities. These factors include social perception, behavioral problems, problem solving ability, and verbal communication. In addition, the relation of social skills deficits to the peer status of

Sharon A. Cermak; Jacqueline Rieber Aberson

1998-01-01

459

SOCIAL HEURISTICS IN INTERIOR DESIGN PREFERENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of aesthetic impression formation is introduced which had been developed according to the heuristic–systematic processing theory in social judgment. It is assumed that heuristic processing is based upon socially relevant aspects of lifestyles (labeled as social heuristic), whereas structural properties are processed in a systematic analysis. Theory suggests that the social heuristic allows a faster and more certain

UTE RITTERFELD

2002-01-01

460

Intelligent Visualisation of Social Network Analysis Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Network Analysis (SNA) (Scott 1992) is the analysis of network data gathered in a social context. It has been used to examine social phenomena in such diverse areas as local communities, international organizations and sporting clubs. However, while the data collected by Social Network Analysts is eminently computable it has taken until relatively recently for SNA to make it's

Phillip Higgins; Debbie Richards; Mike McGrath

2000-01-01

461

The utility of bonding social capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

In most studies of social capital, bridging social capital is emphasized as ‘good’ for democracy and economic performance. It is rarer to find studies showing that bonding social capital can bring positive effects. Mostly, bonding social capital is either overlooked or depicted as the ‘villain’ that leads to ethnic conflict, intolerant behaviour and poor economic and democratic development. In this

Sten Widmalm

2005-01-01

462

Blog-based online social relationship extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the number of participants in online social networks increasing dramatically, an intelligent and efficient social relationship management system is necessary for online users. The traditional linear social entity list representation would become problematic while the network grows larger. In this paper, we present a system - visoLink which is a social network based on \\

Lisa Fan; Botang Li

2009-01-01

463

Le compte satellite de la protection sociale  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Depuis 1957 les recettes et les dépenses de protection sociale en France sont enregistrées dans le « Budget social de la Nation », devenu en 1975 « Effort social de la Nation »; il s'agit de l'un des comptes satellites s'articulant autour du cadre central de la comptabilité nationale. Parallèlement, le « Budget social européen », document publié sous

Jean-Pierre Launay

1980-01-01

464

Developing more effective social marketing strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The reason for this paper is to better understand why many social marketing campaigns produce poor results and to propose a model to guide social marketing strategic planning to improve program outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a conceptual paper which discusses a new social marketing model to remove upstream causes of target social problems. Findings – It appears

Walter Wymer

2011-01-01

465

Social Integration in Planned Retirement Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosow's social integration theory of aging suggests that the elderly are integrated into society through social values, formal and informal group membership, and social roles. To examine the nature and extent of social integration, three age-segregated communitites, a Florida mobile home community, a Florida condominium community, and a community…

Osgood, Nancy J.

466

Network Analysis in the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, there has been an explosion of interest in network research across the physical and social sciences. For social scientists, the theory of networks has been a goldmine, yielding explanations for social phenomena in a wide variety of disciplines from psychology to economics. In this essay, we review the kinds of things that social scientists have tried

Stephen P. Borgatti; Ajay Mehra; Daniel J. Brass; Giuseppe Labianca

2009-01-01

467

Network Analysis in the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, there has been an explosion of interest in network research across the physical and social sciences. For social scientists, the theory of networks has been a gold mine, yielding explanations for social phenomena in a wide variety of disciplines from psychology to economics. Here, we review the kinds of things that social scientists have tried to

Stephen P. Borgatti; Ajay Mehra; Daniel J. Brass; Giuseppe Labianca

2009-01-01

468

Early Adolescent Social Networks and Substance Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships between social network position and the use of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants in a sample of 1,119 sixth-grade youth. Social network analyses of peer nominations were used to categorize youth as "members" of social groups, "liaisons" between groups, or social "isolates." The results revealed that…

Henry, David B.; Kobus, Kimberly

2007-01-01

469

Alt.support: modeling social support online  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there is mounting evidence that people use the Internet to expand their social net- works and receive social support, little is known about how they do so and with what effect the Internet has on overall levels of social support. Based on a survey of 213 online support seekers, this study explored social cognitive mechanism such as self-efficacy and

Matthew S. Eastin; Robert LaRose

2005-01-01

470

School Social Workers' Intent to Stay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents findings from a survey that examined school social workers' intent to stay in the field of school social work. Forty-eight school social workers from a midwestern state participated in the study. Effect size estimates were used to examine the relationship between social workers' intent to stay and years of experience,…

Caselman, Tonia D.; Brandt, Mary D.

2007-01-01

471

Attention Training for Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attentional bias toward negative social cues is thought to serve an etiological and\\/or maintaining role in social anxiety disorder (SAD). The current study tested whether training patients to disengage from negative social cues may ameliorate social anxiety in patients (N = 36) with a primary diagnosis of generalized SAD. Patients were randomly assigned to either an attention training condition (n

Norman B. Schmidt; J. Anthony Richey; Julia D. Buckner; Kiara R. Timpano

2009-01-01

472

Social Anxiety and Communication about the Self  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reciprocal relationship between social anxiety and the communication of information about the self is examined. Social anxiety appears to arise from people's concerns about the impressions others are forming of them. Specifically, it is proposed that social anxiety occurs when people are motivated to create a desired impression on audiences but doubt they will do so. High social anxiety,

Barry R. Schlenker; Mark R. Leary

1985-01-01

473

Fostering Social Expertise in Early Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social competence is an essential capability to bring to school because of its relationship to academic success. Development and consolidation of social understanding in early childhood ensures that young children have a solid foundation of social expertise when they begin formal schooling. Social expertise, conceptualized within the framework of…

Porath, Marion

2009-01-01

474

Measuring Social Capital in Five Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an empirically grounded definition of social capital. Drawing on the work of Coleman and Putnam and others, the article discusses social capital in terms of participation in networks, reciprocity, trust, social norms, the commons, and social agency. Potential items to measure these elements were developed in an empirical study. A questionnaire containing 68 potential items was administered

Jenny Onyx; Paul Bullen

2000-01-01

475

Social Dilemmas: The Anatomy of Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of social dilemmas is the study of the tension between individual and collective rationality. In a social dilemma, individually reasonable be- havior leads to a situation in which everyone is worse off. The first part of this review is a discussion of categories of social dilemmas and how they are modeled. The key two-person social dilemmas (Prisonerís Dilemma,

Peter Kollock

1998-01-01

476

Social Media Tools for Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to Wikipedia, "social media is the media designed to be disseminated through social interaction, created using highly accessible scalable techniques. Social media is the use of web-based and mobile technologies to turn communication into interactive dialogue." Social networks, such as Facebook and Twitter, contain millions of members who…

Wagner, Ronald

2011-01-01

477

The Cycles of Social Work Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social work profession has vascillated between addressing two different priorities during its history: personal troubles and public issues. The focus on personal troubles emphasizes the private interests, rehabilitation, and self-actualization needs of individuals. Public issues refers to collective needs, social action, and social reform. These riorities shaped the emergence of three distinct methods of social work practice-casework, groupwork, and

Donna L. Franklin

1990-01-01

478

Social Study: Inquiry in Elementary Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on inquiry in elementary classrooms has four major parts. Part I, Social Study, explores the intellectual space within which social study can take place; what content is characteristically social content; and, what thought behavior is typical of study. Special attention is given to skills of inquiry relevant to studying social events and…

Clements, H. Millard; And Others

479

Promotion of Social Change: A Conceptual Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues for the need to advance promotion efforts and proposes a conceptual framework for promotion of social change. A brief review is presented of traditional frameworks for the prevention of mental and social disorders and the promotion of wellness and social competencies, with attention to the ways in which promotion of social change extends and departs from these

Vivian Tseng; Daniel Chesir-Teran; Rachel Becker-Klein; May L. Chan; Valkiria Duran; Ann Roberts; Nenshad Bardoliwalla

2002-01-01

480

Social Status Profiles Among First Grade Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of our study is social status among first graders. In particular, we will consider the relationship between acceptance and rejection, and how these are connected to three social behavioral traits: bullying, victimization, and social withdrawal. The data set is from peer nominations of 748 children from 49 classrooms in the southwest of Finland, collected by interviews. A Social

Emmanuel O. Acquah; Tuire Palonen; Erno Lehtinen; Kaarina Laine

2012-01-01

481

Student socialization in the age of facebook  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research regarding online social networks such as Facebook, MySpace, Linked-In and Friendster has looked at these networks in terms of activity within the online network, such as profile management and friending behavior. In this paper we are instead focusing on offline socializing structures around an online social network (exemplified by Facebook) and how this can facilitate in- person social

Louise Barkhuus; Juliana Tashiro

2010-01-01

482

Towards Socially-Intelligent Wearable Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a wearable system that uses machine perception to quantify a user's social context and propagate this information to others in the user's social network. The social context is evaluated for the user's instantaneous, face-to- face interactions by evaluating proximity, collective speech features, head-movements, and galvanic skin responses. This information is then propagated to others within the user's social

Anmol Madan; Ron Caneel

483

Spreading in online social networks: The role of social reinforcement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some epidemic spreading models are usually applied to analyze the propagation of opinions or news. However, the dynamics of epidemic spreading and information or behavior spreading are essentially different in many aspects. Centola's experiments [ScienceSCIEAS0036-807510.1126/science.1185231 329, 1194 (2010)] on behavior spreading in online social networks showed that the spreading is faster and broader in regular networks than in random networks. This result contradicts with the former understanding that random networks are preferable for spreading than regular networks. To describe the spreading in online social networks, a unknown-known-approved-exhausted four-status model was proposed, which emphasizes the effect of social reinforcement and assumes that the redundant signals can improve the probability of approval (i.e., the spreading rate). Performing the model on regular and random networks, it is found that our model can well explain the results of Centola's experiments on behavior spreading and some former studies on information spreading in different parameter space. The effects of average degree and network size on behavior spreading process are further analyzed. The results again show the importance of social reinforcement and are accordant with Centola's anticipation that increasing the network size or decreasing the average degree will enlarge the difference of the density of final approved nodes between regular and random networks. Our work complements the former studies on spreading dynamics, especially the spreading in online social networks where the information usually requires individuals' confirmations before being transmitted to others.

Zheng, Muhua; Lü, Linyuan; Zhao, Ming

2013-07-01

484

Spreading in online social networks: the role of social reinforcement.  

PubMed

Some epidemic spreading models are usually applied to analyze the propagation of opinions or news. However, the dynamics of epidemic spreading and information or behavior spreading are essentially different in many aspects. Centola's experiments [Science 329, 1194 (2010)] on behavior spreading in online social networks showed that the spreading is faster and broader in regular networks than in random networks. This result contradicts with the former understanding that random networks are preferable for spreading than regular networks. To describe the spreading in online social networks, a unknown-known-approved-exhausted four-status model was proposed, which emphasizes the effect of social reinforcement and assumes that the redundant signals can improve the probability of approval (i.e., the spreading rate). Performing the model on regular and random networks, it is found that our model can well explain the results of Centola's experiments on behavior spreading and some former studies on information spreading in different parameter space. The effects of average degree and network size on behavior spreading process are further analyzed. The results again show the importance of social reinforcement and are accordant with Centola's anticipation that increasing the network size or decreasing the average degree will enlarge the difference of the density of final approved nodes between regular and random networks. Our work complements the former studies on spreading dynamics, especially the spreading in online social networks where the information usually requires individuals' confirmations before being transmitted to others. PMID:23944529

Zheng, Muhua; Lü, Linyuan; Zhao, Ming

2013-07-01

485

Effects of Social Isolation on Glucocorticoid Regulation in Social Mammals  

PubMed Central

The regulation and function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis and glucocorticoids have been well conserved across vertebrate species. Glucocorticoids influence a wide range of physiological functions that include glucose regulation, metabolism, inflammatory control, as well as cardiovascular, reproductive, and neuronal effects. Some of these are relatively quick-acting non-genomic effects, but most are slower-acting genomic effects. Thus, any stimulus that affects HPA function has the potential to exert wide-ranging short-term and long-term effects on much of vertebrate physiology. Here, we review the effects of social isolation on the functioning of the HPA axis in social species, and on glucocorticoid physiology in social mammals in particular. Evidence indicates that objective and perceived social isolation alter HPA regulation, although the nature and direction of the HPA response differs among species and across age. The inconsistencies in the direction and nature of HPA effects have implications for drawing cross-species conclusions about the effects of social isolation, and are particularly problematic for understanding HPA-related physiological processes in humans. The animal and human data are incommensurate because, for example, animal studies of objective isolation have typically not been modeled on, or for comparability with, the subjective experience of isolation in humans. An animal model of human isolation must be taken more seriously if we want to advance our understanding of the mechanisms for the effects of objective and perceived isolation in humans.

Hawkley, Louise C.; Cole, Steve W.; Capitanio, John P.; Norman, Greg J.; Cacioppo, John T.

2012-01-01

486

Social sampling explains apparent biases in judgments of social environments.  

PubMed

How people assess their social environments plays a central role in how they evaluate their life circumstances. Using a large probabilistic national sample, we investigated how accurately people estimate characteristics of the general population. For most characteristics, people seemed to underestimate the quality of others' lives and showed apparent self-enhancement, but for some characteristics, they seemed to overestimate the quality of others' lives and showed apparent self-depreciation. In addition, people who were worse off appeared to enhance their social position more than those who were better off. We demonstrated that these effects can be explained by a simple social-sampling model. According to the model, people infer how others are doing by sampling from their own immediate social environments. Interplay of these sampling processes and the specific structure of social environments leads to the apparent biases. The model predicts the empirical results better than alternative accounts and highlights the importance of considering environmental structure when studying human cognition. PMID:23104680

Galesic, Mirta; Olsson, Henrik; Rieskamp, Jörg

2012-12-01

487

Challenges and opportunities in social neuroscience  

PubMed Central

Social species are so characterized because they form organizations that extend beyond the individual. The goal of social neuroscience is to investigate the biological mechanisms that underlie these social structures, processes, and behavior and the influences between social and neural structures and processes. Such an endeavor is challenging because it necessitates the integration of multiple levels. Mapping across systems and levels (from genome to social groups and cultures) requires interdisciplinary expertise, comparative studies, innovative methods, and integrative conceptual analysis. Examples of how social neuroscience is contributing to our understanding of the functions of the brain and nervous system are described, and societal implications of social neuroscience are considered.

Cacioppo, John T.; Decety, Jean

2010-01-01

488

Social identity as social glue: the origins of group loyalty.  

PubMed

In 3 experiments, the authors investigated the role of social identity in fostering group loyalty, defined as staying when members can obtain better outcomes by leaving their group. In Experiment 1, high (vs. low) identifiers expressed a stronger desire to stay in the group in the presence of an attractive (vs. unattractive) exit option. Experiments 2 and 3 replicated this basic finding and tested several explanations. The results suggest that high identifiers' group loyalty is better explained by an extremely positive impression of their group membership (group perception) than by a justification of previous investments in the group (self-perception) or their adherence to a nonabandonment norm (norm perception). Hence, social identity seems to act as social glue. It provides stability in groups that would otherwise collapse. PMID:15053707

Van Vugt, Mark; Hart, Claire M

2004-04-01

489

The Developing Social Brain: Implications for Education  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses the development of the human social brain. First, I will argue that social cognition is uniquely important and describe evidence that social interaction plays a critical role in early brain development. I will then discuss recent research demonstrating that the social brain undergoes protracted development and that adolescence in particular represents a period of reorganization of the social brain. Finally, I will attempt to draw out potential implications of this new research for education policy and for human wellbeing.

Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne

2010-01-01

490

Social Integration, Self-control, and Conformity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence relevant to claims of self-control theory concerning the connection between social integration and crime\\/deviance\\u000a is offered. Using data from a survey of the population of a southwestern city that permit measurement of two types of social\\u000a integration, including socially supportive networks, we (1) investigate the association between self-control and social integration,\\u000a and (2) attempt to ascertain if social integration

Michael R. Welch; Charles R. Tittle; Jennifer Yonkoski; Nicole Meidinger; Harold G. Grasmick

2008-01-01

491

Social comparisons, health and well-being.  

PubMed

Health and well-being are socially determined. One of the ways in which this comes about is via social comparisons with other individuals in the same personal, geographic or social networks, with the comparisons referring either to income or other aspects of economic and social life. The existence of such comparison effects with respect to income may help to explain the social gradient in health. PMID:23845203

Clark, A E

2013-08-01

492

Contemporary Social Studies: An Essential Reader. Teaching and Learning Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of social studies is unique and complex. It is challenged by the differing perspectives related to the definition, goals, content, and purpose of social studies. Contemporary Social Studies: An Essential Reader discusses the contemporary issues surrounding social studies education today. Contemporary Social Studies: An Essential Reader…

Russell, William B., III, Ed.

2012-01-01

493

Social Risk Management: A New Conceptual Framework for Social Protection, and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new definition and conceptual framework for Social Protection grounded in Social Risk Management. The concept repositions the traditional areas of Social Protection (labor market intervention, social insurance and social safety nets) in a framework that includes three strategies to deal with risk (prevention, mitigation and coping), three levels of formality of risk management (informal, market-based, public)

Robert Holzmann; Steen Jørgensen

2001-01-01

494

Building Social Capital among Social Work Educators: A Strategy for Curriculum Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the role of human relations in the process of curriculum change in social work education. Social capital, the theoretical framework that underpins this research, explains how social resources are made available to social work faculty and groups for their own benefit. Using data from 88 surveys completed by social work…

Sugawara, Carmen G. Luca

2009-01-01

495

Social Work Education and Global Issues: Implications for Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If social workers are to become more effectively involved in international organizations and global issues, the international dimension of social work education must be strengthened. Educational programs for social workers around the world give only limited attention to social issues that extend beyond national boundaries. Schools of social work…

Edwards, Beverly L.

2011-01-01

496

Political Content in Social Work Education as Reported by Elected Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a profession, social work has encouraged its members to run for public office to translate the values and ethics of social work into public policy. This study of 416 elected social workers around the country provides insight into the experiences of these elected social workers in their social work education. The classes, skills, activities,…

Lane, Shannon R.

2011-01-01

497

Exploring the Integration of Social Justice into Social Work Research Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council on Social Work Education mandates that social justice content be integrated throughout social work curricula. Although much has been written about integrating social justice into practice, policy, and human behavior and social environment courses, little attention has been given to research methods courses. This study surveyed a…

Vincent, Neil J.

2012-01-01

498

The Effects of Social Interactive Training on Early Social Communicative Skills of Children with Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing attention has been directed at the relation between early social communicative skills of children with autism and subsequent development of these children's social and communicative functioning. We reviewed 16 empirical studies that investigated the effects of social interactive interventions designed to increase early social communicative skills of young children with autism by increasing their role as initiator of social

Bogseon Hwang; Carolyn Hughes

2000-01-01

499

Social skills and social phobia: An investigation of DSM-IV subtypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social phobia is characterized as pervasive social timidity in social settings. Although much is known about this disorder, aspects of its clinical presentation remain unexplored, in particular characteristics that distinguish the generalized and non-generalized subtypes. For example, it remains unclear whether patients with the non-generalized subtype display social skills deficits in social interactions, and if so, are these deficits clinically,

Deborah C. Beidel; Patricia A. Rao; Lindsay Scharfstein; Nina Wong; Candice A. Alfano

2010-01-01

500

Social Class and Work-Related Decisions: Measurement, Theory, and Social Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this reaction to Diemer and Ali's article, "Integrating Social Class Into Vocational Psychology: Theory and Practice Implications," the authors point out concerns with binary schema of social class, highlight the contribution of social class to the social cognitive career theory, argue for a more nuanced look at ways that work provides social

Fouad, Nadya A.; Fitzpatrick, Mary E.

2009-01-01